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Full text of "A new French and English pronouncing dictionary"

ROE LOCKWOOD & SON, 

411 BROADWAY. NEW YORK. 




Aimc 

Albir 

Allet: 

Amp 

Ance 

Andr 

Andr 

A nqu 

Aragi 

Arna 

Arno 

Aubo 

Audi: 

Azais 

Balbi 

Ballai 

Balza 

Barai 

Barbi 

Barth 

Batissier. 

Be?Aidoux (Mine.) 

Bcaumarchais. 

Bdlia et Pujol. 

Bellange. 

Berangcr (de) 



Campari (Mine.) 

Capeliiaic. 

Cazotte. 

Cliampagnsc. 

Cliampfleury. 

Charriih'o. 



Delecluse. 

Delille. 

Depping. 

Resauziers. 

Descaptes. 

Destouches. 



Gautier (Tli.) 

Gavarni. 

Genlis (Mine, de) 

Genoude (de) 

Girardin. 

Girardin (Mine.) 



1 



— 



Godescard. 


AUTHORS' NAMES. 


Salvandy. 


Maistre (IT. de) 


Orbigny (d 1 ) 


Grandville. 


Malebrancbe. 


Ostervald. 


Sand (Georges.) 


Guerin (Leon) 


Malherbe. 


Pascal (Bl.) 


Sandeau. 


Guizot. 


Marg. de Valois. 


Periers. 


Sarrazin. 


Guizot (Mme.) 


Marivaux. 


Perrault. 


Scarron. 


Hoffman. 


Marmier (X.) 


Pitre Chevalier. 


Scribe. 


Houssaye. 


Marmontel. 


Planche. 


Segur (le cte. de) 


Hugo. 


Massillon. 


Pougoulat 


Senancour (de) 


Janin (Jules) 


Masson (M.) 


Poussin. 


Sevigne (Mme.) 


Karr. 


Maury. 


Prevost (l'abbe) 


Soulie. 


Klee. 


Mennecbet. 


Rabelais. 


Souza (Mme. de) 


Krudner (de) 


Menneval (de) 


Eabion. 


Souvestre. 


La Bruyere. 


Merimee. 


Racine. 


Stael (Mme. de) 


Lacepede. 


Michaud. 


Ragon. 


Sue. 


La Fayette. 


Michelant 


Regnard. 


Tastu (Mme. A.) 


La Fontaine. 


Michelet. 


Remusat (de) 


Theopraste. 


La Harpe. 


Mignet 


Renault (I'abbe) 


Thierry. 


Lajolais (Mile.) 


Milleville. 


Renouvier. 


Thiers. 


Lamartine (de) 


MilleTO}'e. 


Retz (le card, de) 


Toppfer. 


Lamermais (de) 


Moliere. 


Reybaud (L.) 


Tocqueville (de) 


La Rochefocauld. 


Montaigne. 


Richard. 


Valentin. 


Las Cases. 


Montbolon. 


Robinet. 


Valmore. 


Lavalette. 


Montesquieu. 


Roland (Mme.) 


Velpeau. 


Lavallee. 


Moreau. 


Roret. ■ 


Vernet. 


Lebas. 


Murger (II.) 


Roussel. 


Veuillot. 


Ledru-Eollin. 


Musset (de) 


Rousseau. 


Viennet. 


Le Gai. 


Nicole. 


Sacy (de) 


Vigny (A. de) 


Leroux de Lincy. 


Nodier. 


Saint-Hilaire. 


Ville'hardouin. 


Le Sage. 


Norvins (de) 


Saint Pierre (de) 


Vinet. 


Lurine. 


Odolant-Desnos. 


Sainte-Beuve. 


Vitet. 


Magin. 


Old-Nick. 


Saintine. 


Voltaire. 


Mago. 


O'Meara. 


Saisset. 


Walsh. 


Mahomet. 










FRENCH 


rRANSLATIONS. 




Abaillard. 


Cesar. 


Klopstock. 


Robertson. 


/Eschine. 


Ciceron. 


Kohlrausch. 


Eollin. 


jEschyle. 


Clarke (S.) 


Leibnitz. 


Schiller. 


jEsop. 


Confucius. 


Liebig. 


Schmidt. 


Alfleri. 


Dante. 


Lingard. 


Shakespeare. 


Anacreon. 


Demosthene. 


Locke. 


Sopbocle. 


Arioste. 


Diogene. 


Lope de Vega. 


Spinoza. 


Aristophane. 


Erasme. 


Lucien. 


Stewart. 


Aristote. 


Euripide. 


Machiavel. 


Sterne. 


Augustin. 


Franklin. 


Mac-Culloch. 


Swift. 


Bacon. 


Goetbe. 


Manzoni. 


Tacite. 


Blair. 


Goldsmitb. 


Marc Aurele. 


Tasse (le) 


Boccace. 


Heloise. 


Milton. 


Thucydide. 


Burns. 


Herodote. 


Ott. 


Virgile. 


Byron. 


Herscbel. 


Ovide. 


Walter-Scott. 


Calderon. 


Hippocrate. 


Pellico. 


Wyss. 


Camoens. 


Homere. 


Petrarque. 


Xenophon. 


Casti. 


Horace. 


Platon. 


Zschokke. 


Cellini. 


Johnson. 


Polybe. 


Zimmerman. 


Cervantes. 


Kempis (Tb. a) 


PI u tarque. 




EDUCATION, STUDY OF THE FRENCH 


LANGUAGE, MATHEMATICS, THE SCIENCES, 




GEOGRAPHY, AC. 




Addicks. 


Barbaronx. 


Beleze. 


Berquin. 


.JEsop. 


Barbauld. 


Bellenger. 


Berteau. 


BalbL 


Barberet. 


Berard. 


Bescherelle. 



(Coutit:,ujl at ihn (fid nf the bnok) 



FRENCH AND SPANISH EDUCATIONAL BOOKS, 
PLELISHED BY ROE LOCKWOOD & SON, 

Booksellers and Importers, 411 Broadway, New York. 



A full description will be found in another part of this book. 



FRENCH. 

Manesca's Oral System of Teaching French. 

Meadows' French and English Pronouncing Dictionary. 

nouvelle grammaire francaise, par noel et chapsal. 

CoRRIGE DES ExERCICES FRANCAIS. 

lecons et modeles de lltterature francaise, par chapsal. 

Le Siege de la Rochelle, par Mme. de Genlis. 

Le Vicaire de Wakefield, par Goldsmith. 

CEuvres Completes de Moliere. 

CEuvres Choisies de Moliere. 

CEuvres Completes de J. Racine. 

CEuvres Choisies de J. Racine. 

De l'Allemagne, par Mme. De Stael. 

AVENTURES DE GlL BLAS DE SaNTILLANE, PAR Le SAGE. 

Fables de La Fontaine. One Hundred Engravings. 

Atala, Rene, par Chateaubriand. 

Paul et Virginie, par Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. 

Elisabeth, ou Les Exiles de Siberie, par Mme. Cottin. 

Conversational Phrases Classified, by J. L. Mabire. 

Le Ltvre des Petits Enfants, avec Vocabulaire. 

Mrs. Barbauld's Lessons for Children, in French. 

First Lessons in Learning French, by Professor G. CnouQurr 

French Spelling and Pronunciation, by H. Vannier. 

SPANISH. 

Del Mar's Guide to Spanish and English Conversation. 

Vixgut's Ollendorff's Spanish Grammar. 

Key to Vingut's Ollendorff's Spanish Grammar. 

Don Quijote de la Mancha, por Cervantes. 

Gil Blas de Santillana, por Le Sage. 

For Spaniards to learn English. 

Vingut's Ollendorff — El Maestro de Ingles. 

Clave de los Ejercicios del Maestro del Ingles. 

Urcullu. — Nueva Gramatica inglesa. 

,N"ueyo Curso de Idioma Ingles, por Robertson. 

Del Mar. Guia para la Conveksacion en espanol e ingles 



NOEL AND CIIAPSAL'S MEADOWS' DICTIONARY. 



A NEW 



FRENCH AXD ENGLISH 






PRONOUNCING DICTIONARY: 



IN TWO PARTS *. 

I. FRENCH AND ENGLISH— n. ENGLISH AND EltENCH. 

exhibiting 

tfb pronunciation of the french in pttee english sounds; the parts 

of speech; gender of fkencii nouns; regular and irregular 

conjugations of verbs; accent of english words; list 

of the usual christian and proper names; and 

names of countries and nations. 



BY F. C. MEADOWS, M. A, 

OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS. 



COMPARED WITH, AND CORRECTED ACCORDING TO THE CELEBRATED WOEK or 

NOEL AND C II A PS A L. 



BY FELIX J. B. KCESTLEE, 

ATTHCR OF A PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL FRENCH GRAMMAR 



NEW YORK: 
ROE LOCKWOOD & SON, 

AMERICAN AND FOREIGN BOOKSELLERS, 

No. 411 BROADWAY. 

1S55. 



• • • 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1S55, by 
EOE LOCKWOOD & SON, 

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern 

District of New York. 



EDUC V I DEFT, 



FORMATION OF THE TEXSES. 



The tenses are divided into primitive and derivative. The primitive tenses are 
those from which the derivative are formed. 

There are five primitive tenses, which are: the present of the infinitive, the 
present participle., the past participle, the present of the indicative, and the 
preterite definite. The present of the infinitive forms two tenses. 1st. The future 
by changing r, oir, re into rai, ras, ra, rous, res, ront ; as,par!er, je parlerai; 
jinir, tufiniras; recevoir, il recevra ; rendre, nous rendrons, etc. 2d. It forms 
the conditional by changing r, oir, re into rais, rais, rait, rions, riez, raieni; as, 
etudier, fetudierais ; bcitir, il batiraii ; devoir, vous devriez ; dpprendre, ils 
apprendraient. 

The present participle forms three tenses. 1st. The three persons plural of the 
indicative present, by changing ant into ons, ez, ent; as, parlani, nous parlons, 
vous parlez, Us parlent. Except the third person plural of the third conjugation, 
where evant is changed into oirent; as, recevant, ils recoivent. 2d. It forms the 
imperfect of the indicative, by changing ant into ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, aient; as, 
punissant,ye punissais, tupuniesais, etc. Sd. It forms the present of the subjunc- 
tive, by changing ant into e, es, e, ions, iez, ent; as, vendant, qiceje rende, que tu 
vender, etc. Except the third conjugation, where evant is changed into oive, oives. 
oive, oivent. 

The past participle forms all the compound tenses by prefixing the auxiliary avoir 
or etre; as, j'ai parte; il est alle ; elle a fini ; nous etumsventcs, vous aurez 
fini, ils sera lent arrives, etc. 

The present of the indicative forms the imperative by suppressing the personal 
pronouns, tu, nous, vous, and by dropping the s in the second person singular of the 
first conjugation; as, tu paries, parle; nous finissons, finissons ; vous recevez, 
receves ; vous vendez, vendee. 

The preterite definite forms the imperfect of the subjunctive by adding se to the 
second person singular, as: tu parlas, que je parlasse, que tu parlasses, qu'il 
Cparldt, que nous parlassions, que rous parlassiez. qu'ils parlassent; tu finis, 
que je finisse, que tu finisses, qu'il fi nit, que nous fin issions, qua vous finis*iez, 
qu'ils fi dissent ; tu recus, que je recusse, que tu recusses, qu'il rer.ut, que nous 
recessions, que vous rer-ussiez, qu'ils reeussent ; tu vendis, que je vendisse, que 
tu rendisses, qu'il vendit, que nous vendissions, que vous vendissiez, qu'ils veil' 
dissent. 






TABLE OF THE VERBS. 



1st Auxiliary. | 


2d Auxiliary. | 


Verbs in er. 1 


Verbs in Ix*. 


Verbs in re. 




INFINITIVE MOOD. 




Avoir. 


Etre. | Farler. | Finir. [ 

PRESENT PARTICIPLE. 


Yendre. 


Ay ant. | 


Etant. 1 Parian*. \ Fiaissant. \ 

PAST PARTICIPLE. 


Vendan*. 


Eu. | 


Et6. | Parle. | Fini. 1 
INDICATIVE MOOD. 

PRESENT TENSE. 


Vendu. 


J'ai. 


Je suis. 


Je parle. 


Je finis. 


Je vends. 


Tu as. 


Tu es. 


Tu paries. 


Tu tints. 


Tu vends. 


II a. 


11 est. 


11 parle. 


U fin«. 


11 vend. 


N. avons. 


N. sommes. 


N. parlons. 


N. finis-ions. 


N. vendons. 


V. avez. 


V. etes. 


V. paries. 


V. fimssez. 


V. vendes. 


lis ont. 


lis sont. 


lis parlen*. 


Us finisse)i<. 


Us vended. 




IMPERFECT TENSE. 




J'avais. 


J'etais. 


Je parlais. 


Je finissais. 


Je vendais. 


Tu avais. 


Tu etais. 


Tu par late. 


Tu finissais. 


Tu vendais. 


11 avait. 


11 etait, 


11 parlait. 


11 fmissait. 


11 vendaii. 


N. avions. 


N. etions. 


N. parlions. 


N. finissiows. 


N. vendions. 


V. aviez. 


V. etiez. 


V. parlies. 


V. Gnisxiez. 


V. vendies. 


lis avaient. 


lis tjtaieut. 


Us parlaienr. 


Us finissaien(. 


Us xendaient. 




PAST TENSE DEFINITE. 




J'eus. 


Je fns. 


Je parlai. 


Je finis. 


Je vend is. 


Tu eus. 


Tu fus. 


Tu parlas. 


Tu finis. 


Tu vendis. 


11 eut. 


11 fut. 


U parla. 


11 finil. 


11 vend/?. 


N. eumes. 


N. fumes. 


N. parldmes. 


N. 6nim.es. 


N. vendimes. 


V. eu.tes. 


V. futes. 


V. parities. 


V. finises. 


V. vendiies. 


lis eurent. 


lis fureut. 


Us pa,r\tirent. 


Us 6nirent. 


Us vendirent. 




FUTURE TENSE. 




J'aurai. 


Je serai. 


Je pari erai. 


Je finirai. 


Je vendrai. 


Tu auras. 


Tu seras. 


Tu parleras. 


Tu fimVas. 


Tu vendras. 


11 aura. 


11 sera. 


11 parlera. 


11 finira. 


11 vendra. 


N. aurons. 


N. serons. 


N. pailerons. 


N. finirons. 


N. vendrons. 


V. anrez. 


V. serez. 


V. parlerez. 


V. finirez. 


V. vendres. 


lis auront. 


lis seront. 


Us parleron*. 


Us hniront. 


Us vendroni. 




CONDITIONAL MOOD. 




J'aurais. 


Je serais. 


Je parlerais. 


Je finirai*. 


Je vendrai.?. 


Tu aurais. 


Tu serais. 


Tu parlerais. 


Tu finirais. 


Tu vendrais. 


11 aurait. 


11 serait. 


11 parleroit; 


11 fin ir ait. 


11 vendrai*. 


N. aurions. 


N. serions. 


N. pari ertons. 


N. finirions 


N. vendrions. 


V. auriez. 


V. seriez. 


V. parleriez. 


V. Quiriez. 


V. vendries. 


lis auraient. 


lis seraient. 


lis parleraient. 


Us finiraient. 


Us veudraie?i*. 




IMPERATIVE MOOD. 




Aie. 


Sois. 


Parle. 


Finis. 


Vends. 


Ayons. 
Ayez. 


Soyons. 


ParloHS. 


Fin issons. 


Vendons. 


Soyez. 


Paries. 


Finissez. 


Vendes. 




SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD. 






PRESENT TENSE. 




Que j'aie. 


Que je sois. 


Que je parle. 


Que je finite. 


Que je vende. 


Que tu aies. 


Que tu sois. 


Que tu paries. 


Que tu fin isses. 


Que tu vendes. 


Qu'il ait. 


Qu'il soit. 


Qu'il parle. 


Qu'il fin isse. 


Qu'il vende. 


Que n. ayons. 


Que n. soyons. 


Que n. parltona. 


Que n. finissions. 


Que n. vendions. 


Que v. ayez. 


Quo v. soyez. 


Que v. parlies. 


Que v. flnissiez. 


Que v.vendies. 


Qu'ils aient. 


Qu'ils soient. 


Qu'ils patient. 


Qu'ils finissenl. 


Qu'ils veude»i. 




PAST TENSE. 




Que j'eusse. 


Qua je fusse. 


Que je parlasse. 


Que je finis.se. 


Que je vendisse. 


Que tu eusses. 


Que tu fusses. 


Que tu parlasses. 


Que tu finisses. 


Que tu vendisses 


Qu'il eut. 


Qu'il fut. 


Qu'il parlai. 


Qu'il fini*. 


Qu'il veudii. 


Que n. eussions. 


Que n. fussions. 


Que n. parlassions. 


Que n. finissions. 


Que n.vendission. 


Que v. eussiez. 


Que v. fussiez. 


Que v. parlassi'es. 


Que v. finissiea. 


Que v. vendissies 


Qu'ils eussent. 


Qu'ils fussent. 


Qu'ils parlassen*. 


Qu'ils finissenl. 


Qu'ils vendissejif 



* Many grammarians make a particular class of the verbs in oir, but their model of conjugation being 
applicable to seven verbs only, it lias been omitted. 



SOUNDS OF THE VO 



short 
or 



; 



ish. 



a 



(At 



at. 



can?. 



aid 
Fayed. 



grave 
open 



(e 

lei 

[ait 

' or I It 
ci.-eum-^ - 

fleX - Laie 



Fr. Pronunei i 

CaTi, papa, pah-pah. 
I oA,a-vo-cat, uh-vo-khah. 

' ah, pate, pahte. 
ah, \yi . bah. 
' die, dOjrit, dai-ghhh. 

' ai, b\e, 

; <W, pur- a'. 

' ai'e, ar-ni>;'f, ar-maie. 

\et, U-vre, ?' '--. 



English. 



eight. 



ev. 



| «, p*me, 

I <"''. dt 
l_ei, 1 u'f, 

J «Vi I : 

1 ey, maitre, 



peine, 
ob. hjeL 
dai-teL 

lei. 

teyte. 

pro-try. 

mey-tr. 
hey. 



mute 

>rt 
•ira! 



come, e, coram*, come. 



lonj 



| e C uh, m«,te,le. rtiuh,luh,lu?i. 

ea ZuM. / «?•. /«A. 

( uh, neeud, inih. 

Sea C uhe, jeuue, hjuhene. 

\ uhe, queue, kufte. 



rl i 

lonj; 



short 



• 



6 

os 



long ? 



short Jut 



j/i^. 






no 



/be 



aux, ic. 



lonj 



long $ 

short 



J7. 
e, lit. 

' ee, v : 

ee, vie, 
[e?, I; 

■ 

i.-au, 

C oe, pole, 
, repos, 
(_ oe, sauce, 

•'en, 
I eu, salut, 

C eu, rhume, 
< eue, rne, 
I eue, re fas, 



Pronunciation, 
le. 
■'e. 

b:er. 



oh. 

ruh-poe, 
soei 

sah-leu. 
reuem. 

feu. 



ou too. oo, bout, 
ou icooeJ. iooe, et 



oue I ooe, boae, b, 

oi oo-ah, 1 -aft. 

f r.i oo-ah. boite, boo-dht. 

long / oie oo-dh, joie, hjoo-dh. 

( cis 00- jO'ir-iiyr 

Refer to the primitive soon I 
compound rowel 



em 
en, 

ea, 

ain, 

ein, 
im, 
in, 



SOUNDS OF THE NASAL SYLLABL 

EITnEIt AT THE BEGINNING, THE ilTDDLE, OK AT THE END OF TT0ED3. 






] 

an, I 
em. r 



like a 
an - . 



1 



- 
r 



Fr. 
amble, 

I 

bien, 

vain, 

impdt, 

index, 



Pronunei 
ang-bl. 

aug-gl. 
ang-pang. 

ang-fang. 

byaing. 

faing. 

rain;!. 

rui 

saing. 

ain i 

aing-dec/:s. 



imm, 

iun, 

om, 
on, 

urn, 
un. 



nuale. 



\ 



ong, in 
congress. 

v.7ig. in 
hunger. 



Fr. Pronunciation 

irarv: 
inne, 

ombre, 
affront, 



parfum, 



im-ra ■ 
irt-nai. 

ah-frong. 

bung. 

ah -j hung. 



. final, derived from Latin wor.i 
Bounded om. 

■' or ;/ ; also in proper name3. 
is pronounce I 019 or aiag. 



OBSERVATIONS. 

1 G is placed after every r.asp.l syllable to prevent the sharp sound of in r, r n. 

1 H. preceding j or g, destroys the sound of d, combined with t. sh articulation of 

• two CO!.- 

:i G.t inq, fol lowed by ;/, represents exactly the nasal liquid syllables, which have no equiv 
ale:. i in English, by transposing in pronunciation the n, and ;', after g, as ■ 

gna. ing-ye, gni. 

ing- gne. ing-yo, 

:/>ih, gne. ing-yeu, 

4 TT. placed after a vowel, affixes to that vowel its primitive short sound. 
B Ghe, lengthens the pronunciation of the final nasal syllables. 
Yuh. represents the liquid sound of I or 11, \ nronrun( . P( .i verv s i 10rt 
represents the sound of guttural e, $ pronounced very suort. 

7 ' x . c, at th-.- end of words, open an.l . . the final syllable. 



ABBREVIATIONS USED IX TFIE DICTIOXARY. 



s. m. Substantive masculine. 

s.f. Substantive feminine. 

s. m. pi. Substantive masculine plural. 

s.f. pi. Substantive feminine plural. 

adj. Adjective. 

adj. poss. Adjective possessive. 

adj. deal. Adjective-demonstrative. 

pron. Pronoun. 

pron. pers. Pronoun personal. 

pron. poss. Pronoun possessive. 

pron. deal. Pronoun demonstrative. 

pron. rel. Pronoun relative. 

v. aux. Verb auxiliary. 

v. a. Verb active. 

v. n. Verb neuter. 

va. n. Verb active and neuter. 

v. rf. Verb reflected. 

pres. Present of the indicative. 



imp. Imperfect. 

pret. Preterit. 

/ut. Future. 

cowl. Conditional. 

imper. Imperative. 

pres. sa ! >j. Subjunctive present. 

imp. subj. Imperfect of the subjunctive. 

pres. p. Participle present. 

p. pari. Participle past. 

ad. Adverb. 

prep. Preposition. 

conj. Conjunction. 

iiitrrj. Interjection. 

1. First conjugation, 

2. Second conjugation. 

3. Third conjugation. 

4. Fourth conjugation. 



OBSERVATIONS. 



A letter, or syllable, such as e, se, le, ve, following an adjective or participle, shows it is 
feminine. 

The infinitive of the first conjugation always ends in er; the second, in ir; the third, in 
oir; and the fourth, in re. 

The infinitive only is given, in this dictionary, when the verb is regular. 

When a tense of an irregular verb is conjugated like the same tense of the regular conju- 
gation to which it belongs, it is omitted in the dictionary. Derivative tenses formed regu- 
larly are also omitted. 



A NEW 



FKENC-H AND ENGLISH 



■> I w ' c 



dictionary: 



PART I. 

EXHIBITING THE PRONUNCIATION OF THE FRENCH EY CORRESPONDENT 

ENGLISH SOUNDS. 



ABA 



ABA 



A, ah, sm. A, first letter and vowel of the 
alphabet. Marque a. l'a, utai -Lai-nh-lah, 
pint-. exp, an honest man. 

A, nh, pr. to, at, on, in, with, within, into, 
after, about, according to, for, of, against, 
by. 

A, ah, 3 per.*. ■*. pres. ind. of avoir, act. and 
auxil., has, is, are; possesses, enjoys, re- 
ceives. 

Abaisse, ah-bayax. .*/. bottom crust of a pie, 
under crust of any pastry. 

Abajssbment, ah-bayfis-mang, sm. abase- 
ment, depression, fall, humiliation, degra- 
dation, disgrace, abjection, meanness, pov- 
erty. . 

ABAISSER, ahhaysai, ra. 1. r. to abuse, let 
down, lower, depress, cast down, humble, de 
grade, disgrace: bring low; spread; cutoff. 

S'adaissep., s'ah-bay-sai, vref. to debase, vil- 
ify, humble one's self; stoop, decrease, 
subside. 

AbaiSSEOB, ah-bay-sur, sm. abductor, de- 
pressor. 

Abalocrdir, ah-bah-loor-decr, ra. 2 r. to 
stupefy, stun, make stupid with ill treat- 
ment, hebetate. 

Abandon, ah-bang-dnnff, sm, giving up, re- 
linquishing, forsaking; fprlomness, mis- 
ery; depravity; carelessness; dereliction; 
desertion, neglect. 

A l'abaxdox, ah-lah-bang-dang, ail. at ran- 
dom, at sixes and sevens ; in disorder, cm- 
fusion, at everybody's mercy, without the 
means of living. 

Abandonne, ah-bang-do-nai, sm. profligate, 
rake. 

AbandonnEE, ah-bang-do-nai e, sf. profli- 
gate, prostitute, abandoned shameless 
wretch. 

Ar.AXDox.vE, -e, ah-bang-do-nai, nnie. adj. 
solitary, unfrequented, wild, abandoned ; 
shameless, vicious, corrupted in the high- 
est degree. 

Abansonnement, ah-bang-donn-mang, sm. 



abandonment, cession of property; al 
cation, denouncement, desistance ; rlegra- 
dation, profligacy, prostitution, extreme 
depravity, wickedness. 

Abandonner, ah-bang-do-nai, ra. 1 ;•. to 
abandon, forsake, desert ; give over, leave 
off ; prostitute. 

S'abaxdonner, s'ah-bang-do-nai, vref, to 
abandon, indulge, disgrace, prostitute one's 
self; to trust, give way, yield, submit, de- 
pend upon ; despond. 

Abaque, ak-back, sm. abacus, counting-table; 
mathematical table ; uppermost part of a 
column. 

Abasourdir, ah-bah-zoof+deer, ra. 2 r. to 
stun, deafen, stupefy, hebetate, dull, blunt ; 
dismay, overwhelm, afflict, astonish, amaze, 
terrify. 

Abatage, ah-bah-tahje, sm. expense, or la- 
bor of cutting trees ; a mason or carpenter's 
lever. 

Abata>"t, ah-bah-tang, sm. shutter, screen, 
shade, awning ; folding flap of a table or 
counter. 

Abatardir, ah-bah-tar-deer, ra. 2 ?-. to de- 
base, adulterate, corrupt, admix, mar, in- 
jure, spoil. 

S'abatardir, s'ah-bah-tar-deer, vref. to de- 
generate, degrade, make one's self con- 
temptible. 

Abatar dissident, ah-bah-Car-deece-mang, 
sm. degeneracy, adulteration, debasement, 
corruption, perversion, contemptibleness, 
meanness, vileness. 

Abat-fai.m, ah-bah-faing, sm. large joint of 
meat. 

Abat-jour, ah-bah-hjoor, sm. sky-light, 
transparent blind, curtain that decreases 
the light. 

Abatoir, ah-lah -tno-ar (vide obs. table 
of sounds), sm. slaughter-house, butchery, 
shambles. 

Abats, ah-lah, pres. ind. of abattre, pull 
down, overthrow. 

7 



ABE 



ABN 



Abattement, ah-bai-mang, sm. dejection, 
languor, weakness, sadness, affliction, dis- 
couragement, lowness of spirits, despond 
dency. 

Abattkui:. '/«-'/('/*»-<«>•,.<.'/«. t" T !er,'ir Bjjg id.4ci(*i 

Abattis, SJi-Sah-tee, sm. ofial, r&bblwh, 
slaughter, destruction, demolition, waste, 
ove-'th:o\v, eo. it'n J^n.cLUl'/i'i;.- down of trees, 
A:c, iriUuis ' 

Ae.',,t:-: 'A-// (•*•,? 7. 4 irr. :o p«Yl down; 
lower; fell ; overthrow, knock down, kill ; 
weaken, diminish ; expedite, remove, dis- 
patch. 

Abattre bien du bois, to dispatch much 
business. 

S'abattre, s'ah-hatr, vref. to fall ; abate ; 
give way ; founder ; despair ; despond. 

Abattu, -E, ah-bah-teu, -e, adj. faint, weary, 
languid, feeble, sad, afflicted ; low-spirited, 
depressed, dejected, melancholy, heavy, 
dull. 

Abattures, ah-bah-leure, sf pi. lopped or 
broken branches, underwood crushed and 
broken down ; young trees trampled down 
by stags. 

Arat-vent, ah-bah-vang, sm. pent -house, 
shed, shelter ; porch, slight temporary cov- 
ering. 

Abat-voix, ah-bah-voo ah (vide obs. tab. of 
sounds), .sm. canopy of a pulpit, ceiling over 
the front of the stage, reverberatory sound. 

Abbatial, -e, aJi-hah-syal, adj. belonging to 
an abbot or abbess, of the abbot or of the 
abbess. 

Aebaye, ali-bay-ye, sf. abbey, abbacy; rights, 
possessions, privileges of an abbot or ab- 
bess. 

Abee, ah-bai, sm. abbot, clergyman, Romish 
priest. 

Abbesse, ali-bayss, .if. abbess, superior of a 
nunnery or abbey, directress of a monastery. 

Abceder, ab-sai-dai, vn. ir. to turn into an 
abscess. 

Abces, ab-sey, sm. abscess ; imposthume, 
swelling, collection of purulent matter in 
a cyst. 

Abdalas, ab-dah-la7i, sm. Persian monk or 
friar. 

Abdication, ab-de-Jcahsi/ong, sf abdication, 
resignation, voluntary surrender of a claim. 

Abdiquer, ab-de-kai, va. 1 r. to abdicate, re- 
sign. 

Abdomen, ab-do-menn, sm. abdomen, lower 
belly. 

Abducteur, ah-deuJi-tur, sm. abductor, mus- 
«ile drawing back the members, abducent 
muscle. 

Abduction, ab-deulc-syong, sf. abduction, im- 
pulse. 

Abecedaiue, dh-bai-sai-dayre, sm. primer, 
hornbook ; person unacquainted with any 
thing. 

Abecher, ah-baishai, va. 1 r. to feed a}-oung 
bird. 

Abee, ah-baic, sf. dam, bank, mole, spout ; 
bay. 

Abe'ille, ah-bay-yuh, sf. bee, insect that 
makes honey, (fig.) industrious and care- 
ful person. 

Abequer, ah-bai-hai, va. 1 r. to feed a youns: 
bird. 

Aberration, ah-bair-vah-synna. sf. aberra- 
tion, slow perceptible deviation from the 
common track. 
8 



Ab£tjr, aJi bay-teer, vn. 2 r. to stupefy, besot, 
deprive of sense ; infatuate, make to dote. 

S'aketir, fi'ah-bay-teer, vref to grow foolish, 
stupid, dull ; become dissolute, brutify one's 
self. 

An hoc et ab iiac, ab-oi-ef-ab-ak, ad. at 
random, confusedly, without order, promis- 
cuously. 

Alhorrer, ali-bor-rai, va. 1 r. to abhor, 
nate, detest, abominate, look on with ab- 
horrence. 

S'aehorrer, s'cih-bor-ray, vref. to detest 
one's self ; look upon one's conduct with 
abhorrence. 

Abigkat, ah-be-hjali, sm. horse, cattle, sheep- 
stealing, robbery of any cattle from the 
fields. 

Abime, ah-beem. sm. abyss, hell, pit, gulf; 
misfortune, destruction, perdition, ruin, 
mystery. 

Abtmek, ah-bee-mai, va. 1 r. to ruin, destroy, 
overwhelm, undo, crush ; vn. fall into tin 
abyss. 

S'abimer, s'aJi-hee-mai, vref. to ruin, undo 
one's self; plunge, rush, fall into difficul- 
ties, distress ; study with close application, 
muse deeply. 

Ab-intestat, -e, ab-amg-tess-taJi, -t, adj. in- 
testate, dving without a will, wanting a 
will. 

Abject, -e, ab-TijrJc, -t. adj. abject, mean, 
worthless, contemptible, pitiful, deserving 
scorn. 

Abjection, ab-hjek-syong, sf abjection, 
meanness, servility, debasement ; humilia- 
tion ; baseness, meanness of mind, extreme 
degradation. 

Abjuration, ab-Jijen-rah-Fi/ong, sf. abjura- 
tion, recantation, declaration of change of 
opinion, forswearing, attestation, declara- 
tion upon oath. 

Abjurer, ab-hjeu-rai, va. 1 r. to abjure, re- 
cant, retract, forswear, renounce, promise 
upon oath. 

Ablactation, ab-lak-ta.li-sy.ong, sf ablacta- 
tion, weaning of an infant, discontinuance, 
deprivation of suck, withdrawing from the 
breast. 

Ablaqueation, ab-7ah-Jcooai-a7i-syang, sf. 
ablaqueation, opening of the ground about 
the roots of trees, plants, <fec, to the sun 
and air. 

Abi.atif, ab-lah-teef, sm. ablative; the sixth 
case of a Latin noun. Adj. ablative, taking 
away. 

Ablation, ab-lilah-syong, sf ablation, cut- 
ting oil' a diseased part, separation from 
other parts. 

Able or Abi.ette, abl, sm. or ah-blet, sf 
blay, small fresh-water fish, a sort of smelt 
or sparling. 

Ablecat, ab-lai-gJwli, sm. ablegate, spiritual 
envoy, the pope's nuncio, messenger from 
the court of Home, sent abroad upon church 
employment. 

Abluer, ah-bleu-ai, va. \r. to cleanse, wash 
slightly parchment, paper, to revive the 
writing. 

Ablution, ah-bleu-synng, sf. ablution, wash- 
ing, bleaching, purifying, freeing from 
dirt, Ac. 

Abnegation, db-nai-gaJi-syong, sf abnega- 
tion, self-denial, renunciation of rights or 
privileges. 



ABO 



ABK 



ABOI, AboiemENT, ah-bnn-ah, ahbnn-ah- 

martg (vide obs. table of bounds), sin. bark- 
ing of si dog. 

Ti:mk v.S ABOI, (uh-neer-ang-nah-bao-ah 
(vide obs. table of sounds), r«. 2 i>?\ to 
keep in suspense, deceive, delude, Hatter, 
encourage, feed with vain hopes. 

Abois, ah-boo-ah (vide obs. tab.), ttmp. last 
gasp ; at bay ; difficulty ; distress, point of 
death. 

£tre AVX ABOIS, eytr-oh-zah-boo-ah (vide 
obs. tab.), vn. to be in the greatest distress, 
at the point of death, at the last gasp, hold 
no longer. 

Abolir, ah-bo-leer, ra. 2r. to abolish, annul, 
destroy. 

S'abolir, a' ah -bad err, vref. to cease, discon- 
tinue ; be abolished, disused, put an end 
to, left off. 

Abolissement, ah-bo-lece-mang, sm. abolish- 
ment. 

Abolition, ah-I>ode-xyong, sf. abolition, dis- 
use, interruption, discontinuance, break- 
ing off. 

Abominaele, ah-bo-me-nabt, adj. abomin- 
able, hateful, detestable, odious, abhorrent. 

Abomi.vablement, ah-bo-me-nahl-miiiif/, ad. 
abominably, hatefully, most odiously, de- 
testably. 

Abomination", ah-bo-menahsyong, sf. abom- 
ination, hatred, detestation, abhorrence. 

Abomixer, ah-bo-me-nai, ra. 1 r. to abomi- 
nate, abhor, detest, hate utterly, look on 
with abhorrence, loathe, feel or have the 
greatest aversion. 

Abo>t>amment, ah-bong-daJi-mang, a<£ abun- 
dantly, in plenty ; amply, in great quanti- 
ty, more than sufficiently, to a superfluous 
degree. 

Abondaxce, ah-bong-dangst, sf. abundance, 
plenty. 

Abondant, -e, ah-bong-dang, -f, adj. abun- 
dant, plentiful, exuberant, superfluous, 
fully stored. 

Abonder, ah-bong-dai, vn. 1 r. to abound, 
have or be in great plenty, overflow; crowd, 
swarm. 

Abonder ex son* sens, to be conceited. 

Abonne, -e, ah-bo-nai, -e, smf. subscriber to 
a newspaper, course of lectures, theatre, 
society. 

A bonne "ie nt, ah-honn-mang,sm. agreement, 
subscription, contract for a tree admission. 

Abonneu, ah-ba-nai, ra. 1 r. to rate, com- 
pound, agree, for a periodical admission or 
reception. 

S'abon'ner, 8 1 ah-bo-nai, vref. to subscribe, 
bargain, compound, buy the periodical ad- 
mission. 

Abo.nmr, aJi-bo-neer, ra. 2 r. to mend, im- 
prove, meliorate, better ; correct any bad 
quality. 

S'ABONNIR, s'ah-bo-neer, vref. to grow better, 
reform, improve, amend ; change for the 
better. 

ABORD, ah-bor y am. access, approach, land- 
ing, arrival, resort, meeting, onset, attack, 
brunt. 

Avoir l'abop.d noux, to be affable. 

P'abord, dah-btjr, adv. at first, first, imme- 
diately. 

De prime abord, duh-preme-ahbar, ad. im- 
mediately, at first sight, at once, without 
delay. 

(1*) 



Abokdable, ah-bor-daM, adj. accessible, of 
easy access, accostab'e, that may be easily 
approached. 

Abordage, aJi-bor-daje, sm. the boarding of 
ships, shock, conflict, running foul of oco 
another. 

Aborder, ah-bor-dai, ra. 1 r. to board, at- 
tack, charge, accost, meet, approach ; ad- 
dress, salute, apply to first, examine, dis- 
course upon. 

Aborder, ah-bor-dai, vn.to land, disembark; 
go on land, come on shore, arrive at, repair. 

Ab-origenes, ab-o-re-hjeyne, smp. aborige- 
nes ; earliest natives, first inhabitants of a 
country. 

Abortif, -ve, ah-bnr-teef, -teer, adj. abortive, 
untimely, happening before the natural 
time. 

Abolchement, ahd/onsji-mang, sm. confer- 
ence, interview, discussion,' parley, talk, 
oral treaty. 

A boucher, ah-boo-shai, ra. 1 r. to confer, 
parley, treat by word of mouth, talk, dis- 
cuss a subject. 

S'aboucher, s'ah-boo-sJiai, vref. to have an 
interview, a conference, conversation, talk 
together. 

Abougri, -e, ah-boo-gree, adj. stunted, de- 
formed, ill-shaped, disfigured, ugly, thick 
and squat. 

Abouquement, ah-baok-mang, sm. addition 
of fresh salt ; fresh salt heaped upon old. 

Abouquer, ah-boo-kai, ra. 1 r. to add, heap 
fresh salt, coacervate new and old salt to- 
gether. 

About, ah-bao. .<•»!. end, remainder, end cut 
aslope, extremity formed in an oblique 
manner. 

Aboute, -e, ah-boo-lai, -taie, adj. placed end 
to end, corresponding at the ends, joined 
together at the end, set within one another 
at right angles. 

Aboutir a, ah-booteer, vn. 2 ;-. to end, meet, 
tend, border upon, have in view ; terminate. 

S'aboutii:, s'ah-boo-teer, vref. to bud, blos- 
som, put forth young shoots ; burst, suppu- 
rate, draw to a head, grow to pus, become 
purulent. 

ABOUTISSAN'T, -e, a, ali-bao-tr-aang, -t, adj. 
bordering upon, terminating, adjoining, 
close to, near. 

Aboutissants, alid:on-ie-f.aiu/h, amp. ends, 
bounds, limits, abuttals ; circumstances, 
particulars. 

AboutisseVlEST, ah-boa-tece-mang, sm. eking- 
piece, suppuration, drawing to a head. 

Ab-ovo, ab-orn, adv. Lat. exp. from the be- 
ginning, from the commencement, from the 
first. 

Aboyant, -e, ah-laa-ah-yang, -t, adj. bark- 
ing, growling, snarling, grumbling, mur- 
muring. 

Aeoyer, ahboo-ah-yai (vide obs. table of 
sounds), ra. 1 r. to bark, grumble ; blame, 
clamor at. 

Aboyer X LA LUNE, ah-boo-ah-yai-ahdah- 
lenitr (vide obs. table of sounds), (prov. 
exp.) to utter vain threats, revile in vain, 
show impotence. 

Aboyecr, -euse, ah-boo-ah-yur, -i/uhze (vide 
obs. table of sounds), smf. barker ; slan- 
derer ; satirist, reviler, eager pursuer, dun. 

AbrEGE, ah-brai-hjai, am. epitome, abridg- 
ment. 

9 



ABS 



ABS 



Abregemknt, ah-braihj-mang, sm. abridg- 
ment, contraction, abbreviation, concise- 
ness, breviat. 

En abrege, ang-nah-brai-hjai, ad. summari- 
ly, briefly, concisely, in a few words, lines, 
pages. 

AsKEiiER, ah-brai-hjiii, va. 1 r. to abridge, 
contract, diminish, .shorten, abstract, cur- 
tail. 

Abreuver, ah-bruh-vai, va. 1 r. to water, 
soak, drench, imbibe, prime, fill with, over- 
whelm. 

S'abueover, s'ali bruh-vai, vref. to drink, 
soak, quaff, gorge; thirst, wallow, wade ; 
dissolve, melt away, imbibe, draw in, ab- 
sorb, swallow up. 

Abreuvoir, ah'-bruh -voo-ar, (vide obs. table 
of sounds), sm. watering-place ; defect in 
the growth, of trees, gap ; opening between 
two stones. 

Abreviateur, ah-brai-vyah-lnr, am. abbre- 
viator, abridger.abstracter, writer of abridg- 
ments or compendiums, epitomist ; short- 
hand writer. 

Abueviation, ah-brai-vyah xynng, sf. ab- 
breviation, contraction, shortening, re- 
trenchment. 

Abri, ah-hree, am. shelter, shed, screen ; sha- 
dow, shade ; refuge, asylum ; defence, pro- 
tection. 

A. l' abri, nhlnh-bree, ad. screened, shelter- 
ed, under covert, tinder the protection or 
sanction of. 

Abrioot, ah-bree-Jcoh, sm. apricot (kind of 
peach or plum). 

Abricotier, ah-bree-7cO'tj/ai, am. apricot-tree. 

Abriter, ah-bre-tai, va. 1 r. to screen, shel- 
ter, shade, defend from the weather, cover 
with mats. 

Abri vent, ah-bre-vang, am. garden-mat, 
screen, shelter from the wind, slight tem- 
porary covering. 

Abrogation, ah-bro-ghah-syong, a/, abroga- 
tion, repeal, revocation, recall, reversal, 
disannul, &c. 

Abroger, ah-bro-hjai, va. 1 r. to abrogate, re- 
peal, annul, reverse, cancel, revoke, recall. 

S'abroger, s'ah-bro-hjai, vref. to wear out of 
use, cease, decay, lose an established cus- 
tom. 

Abroutissement, ah-broodfce-mnnr/, am. the 
nipping or browsing of buds, leaves (by 
cattle). 

Abrouti, -e, ah-hroo-te, -c, adj. nipped, 
browsed, destroyed (by cattle), blasted be- 
fore full growth. 

Abrupt, -e, ab-reupt, adj. abrupt, sudden, 
hasty, unprepared ; broken, craggy, rough, 
rugged. 

Abrltto (ex or ab), egz or a 1 ) ab - reap ■ to. 
Lat. ad. immediately, suddenly, without 
preparation, on the spur of the moment, 
without consideration. 

Abrutir, ali-breu-teer, va. 2r. to besot, stu- 
pefy, dull, hebetate, brutify, deprive of sen- 
sibility. 

S' ABRUTIR, s'aJi.-breu-teer, vref. to grow sense- 
less, stupid, dull, depraved, degrade, vilify 
one's self. 

Abrutissement, ahdiveu-tera-mnnrj, am. stu- 
pidity, gross ignorance ; brutishness ; de- 
pravity, corruption, degradation. 

Absence, ab-sangss, af. absence, inattention, 
distraction, heedlessness ; want, privation. 
10 



Absent, -E, ah -sang, -', adj. absent, dis- 
tracted, inattentive, regardless, unmindful, 
heedless. 

S'absenter, sfab-sang-tai, vref. 1 r. to ab- 
sent one's self, keep out of the way, with- 
draw, play the truant, neglect one's occu- 
pation. 

Abside, ab-seed, if. arch, vault, segment of a 
circle, figure in the form of a semicircle. 

Absinthe, ab-saingt, af. wormwood ; grief, 
affliction, sorrow, misery, adversity, mis- 
fortune. 

Absolu, -e, ab-so-leu, -e, adj. absolute, posi- 
tive, peremptory, tyrannical, fixed in reso- 
lution. 

Absolument, aft-so-feu-mang, ad. absolute- 
ly, positively ; wiihout restriction, peremp- 
torily. 

Absolution, ab-so-leu-syong, af. absolution ; 
acquittal, discharge, acquitment, deliver- 
ance. 

Absolutoihe, ab-so-leu-too-ar (vide obs. 
table of sounds), adj. absolutorj - , clearing 
of i lie crime. 

A is .i.yant, ab-sol-vang, pros. par. of abvou- 
dre, absolving, acquitting. 

Absorbant, ab-sor-bang, am. adj. absorbent, 
draining, sucking up humors, lymphatic. 

Absorber, ab-sor-bai, va. 1 /•. to absorb ; 
suck, swallow up, drain, draw off gradual- 
ly, consume. 

Absorption, ab-sorp-ayonr/, sf. absorption, 
swallowing up, a gradual draining of any 
fluid. 

Absoudre, ab-soodr, va. 4 ivv. to absolve, 
clear, acquit, discharge, deliver from an 
offence. 

Ansous, ab-soo, pres. ind'. and p. part of ab- 
soudre, absolve or absolved, acquit or ac- 
quitting. 

Absoote, ab-soot, af. general and public ab- 
solution (from the pope) upon Maunday 
Thursday. 

Absteme, ab-slet/me, adj. abstemious, sober, 
abstinent, temperate. 

S'acstenant, sab-stuh-nang, pres. part, of 
s'abstenir, abstaining. 

S'abstenir !>:•:, sab-stuh-neer, vref. 2 ivv. to 
abstain, forbear, refrain from, deprive, de- 
ny one's seif. 

Aestenu, ab-stuh-neu, p. part, of s'abatrmiv, 
abstained. 

Abstergent, -e, ab-stair-Jijang, d, .«. adj. 
abstergent, cleansing, purifying, wiping 
away. 

Absterger, ab-siair-hjai, va. 1 r. to absterge, 
cleanse, wipe (wounds, ulcers), melt, dis- 
solve (bile), discuss, disperse any humor 
or swelling. 

Abstersif, -ve, ab-stair-neef, -v, adj. abster- 
sive, cleansing, purifying, discussing any 
humor. 

Abstersion, ab-stair-syong, af. abstersioii, 
ablution, purgation, dispersion of any 
humor. 

Abstiens (.ie m'), hjuh-mab-styaing, 1 pers. 
s. pres. ind. of s'abxtenir, I abstain. 

Abstiendrai (je m'), hjuh-mab-styuing-drdi, 
1 pers. s. fut. of s'abstenir, I shall or will 
abstain. 

Abstienne (je m'), hjuh-mah-styenn, 1 pers. 
s. pres. subj. of s'abstenir, I may abstain. 

Abstinence, ab-ate-nangaa, af. abstinence, 
forbearance, temperance ; fasting. 



ACA 



ACC 



Abstinent, -e, ab-stt-nang, -t, adj. abstinent, 
temperate, sober, forbearing any gratifica- 
tion. 

Austins (je m'), hjuh-mdb-rtaing, 1 pers. s. 
pret. def. of s'adslemr, I abstained. 

Abstractif, ve, abstrack-teef r, adj. ab- 
stractive, expressing abstract ideas or 
power of abstracting. 
Abstraction', ab-strack-syong, ef. abstrac- 
tion; separation, disjunction, absence of 
mind. 
Abstractivejtent, abstrack-teeo-mang, ad. 
abstractedly, with abstraction, simply, 
without addition. 
Abstraire, ahstrayre, va. 4frr. to abstract, 
separate, epitomize, abridge, contract, cur- 
tail. 
Abstrait, -e, ab-ntray, -t, adj. and p. part. 
abstracted, separated, absent of mind, dis- 
tracted, unmindful. 
ABSTRAIT, abstray, sm. abstract, essence, 
epitome, summary, abridgment, contrac- 
tion. 
Abstratant, ab-strai-yang, pres. part, of 

aJistraire, abstracting. 
Arstrus, -e, abstreu, -.:«, adj. abstruse, hid- 
den, dark, difficult to understand or con- 
ceive. 
Absurde, abseurd, adj. absurd, contrary to 
reason, foolish, inconsistent, void of sense. 
Absurdement, ab-seurd-mang, ad. absurdly. 
unreasonably, in a foolish or absurd man- 
ner. 
Absurdite, ab-seurd-de-tai, sf. absurdity, 
unreasonableness, nonsense, want of judg- 
ment. 
Abus, ah-beu, sm. abuse ; bad custom ; dis- 
order, error ; seducement ; rude reproach. 
Abuser, ah-beu-zui, va. 1 v. to abuse, de- 
ceive, impose upon; seduce, debauch; 
treat with rudeness; make an ill use of; 
misconstrue. 
S'abuser, s'ah-beu-zai, vref. to mistake, de- 
ceive one's self; to be mistaken, flatter 
one's self. 
Abuseur, ah-beu-zm; sm. abuser, deceiver, 
seducer ; impostor, cheat, knave, rogue, 
scoundrel. 
Abusif, -te, ah-heu-zeef. -v. adj. abusive, de- 
ceitful, improper, insolent, contemptuous, 
scurrilous. 
Aeustvement. ah-heit-zp.ev-mrin'j, ad. abu- 
sively, deceitfully, reproachfully, in a scur- 
rilous manner. 
Abuter, ah-beu-tai, va. 1 r. to toss up for the 
first throw ; join end to end ; abut, border 
upon, meet. 
Acabit, ah-rali-bef, sm. quality, taste of fruit 

(good or bad), (fig.) nature, habit, temper. 
Acacia, ah-han-syali, sm. acacia; a drug. 
Academicien, ah - kah ■ <lai - nv. - syaing, inn. 
academician, academic, student or member 
of an academy. 
Academie, uh-kaJi -dai-mee, sf. academy ; 
gaminghouse; school for riding, fencing, 
music, painting ; institution ; society of 
learned men, &c. 
Academiqce, ah-Jtah-dai-meek, adj. academ- 
ical, academic, relating or belonging to a 
university. 
Academiquement, ah-kaJl-dai-meek-mang, 
ad. academically, in an academical manner. 
Academiste, ah-kah-dai-meest, smf. acade- 
mist, pupil in writing, artist, &,c. 



Academiser, ahJcah-dai-me-sai, in. \r. to 
draw, paint, sculpture from models, study 

the arts. 
Acagnakder, ah-iah-ing-yar^dai, va. 1?-. to 
sluggardize, make drbnish. See table of 
sounds. 
S'acagnarder A. s'tth - lnh - inn - yar - dai, 
vref. to grow slothful, inactive, indolent, 
idle one's time. 
Acajou, ad-kah-hjoo, sm. cashew-tree, ma- 
hogany. 
ACAHFOL'RcnoN, ah-kahde-foor-shong, ad. 
astraddle, with one's legs across, athwart; 
across a horse, 
Acanthabole, ah-kang-tah-boR, sm. small 
pincers, nippers, tweezers, small surgical 
instrument. 
Acanthe, ah-Jcangtf, sf. brank-ursine ; bear's 

foot. 
Acariatre, ah-kah-ryatr, adj. peevish, pet- 
ulant ; noisy, morose, sullen, crabbed, 
harsh of temper. 
Acariens, ah-kah-ryang, snip, mites; every 
small animal living on all living creatures, 
and generated by animal exudation. 
Acatalepsie, ah-kah-tah-lep-psee, sf. incom- 
prehensibility, superiority to humau under- 
standing. 
A cause de, ah-koze-diih, prep, because, 
for, on account of, by reason of, therefore, 
for that reason. 
Accablant, -e, ah-lcah-hlang, -?, adj. jrrie- 
vous, troublesome, afflictive, vexatious, 
overwhelming, importunate, teasing, in- 
commodious, inopportune. 
Accablement, ah - kahbl - many, sm. heavi- 
ness, oppression; dejection of mind, low- 
ness of spirits ; calamity, misfortune, sor- 
row, affliction. 
Accabler, ah-kjaJi-J>lai, va. 1 r. to overwhelm, 
crush, oppress, torture, plague ; heap, load 
with. 
Accaparement, ahdcah-p'ir-mnnn, sm. en- 
grossment, monopoly, forestalling, antici- 
pation. 
Aci'aparer, ah-kah-pah-rai. va. \r. to fore- 
stall, engross, monopolize, gain possession 
of before. 
Accapareur, -EUSE, ah -kah - pah -rnr, -z, 
sm/. engrosser, forestaller, monopolist ; sor- 
did buyer. 
.UcAREit, ah-kah-rai, va. 1 v. to confront, 
stand face to face, oppose one evidence 
to another ; compare one thing with an- 
other 
Acceder A, ak-sai'hii, va. \r. to accede, 
yield to ; ratify, agree, consent to ; accept. 
Accelerateur, alcsai-lai-rah-iur, sm. accel- 
erator ; adj. increasing, accelerating, pro- 
moting motion. 
Acceleration, ak-saidai-rah-si/ona, sf. ac- 
celeration, quickness ; increase of motion ; 
haste. 
Accelerer, ak-saidai-rai, va. 1 r. to accele- 
rate, hasten, quicken motion ; hurry. 
Accent, ak-sang, sm. accent, tone, modifica- 
tion of the voice, expressive of the passions 
or feelings. 
Accentuation, ak-sangdeu-ah-si/ong. sf. ac- 
centuation, mark or stress upon words, in- 
tonation. 
Accentueb, aJi-sangteu-ai, va. 1 r. to accen- 
tuate, write, or pronounce properly, place 
the accent. 

11 



ACC 



ACC 



Acceptable, ah-sep-tabl, adj. acceptable, 
pleasing, grateful, agreeable, received with 
gladness. 

Acceptant, -E, ak-sep-tang, -I, smf. accepter, 
receiver, accipient ; person who agrees to a 
thing. 

Acceptation, ak-sep-tah-synng, sf. accepta- 
tion, voluntary reception ; acceptance ; 
meaning. 

Accepter, ak-sep-tai, va. 1 r. to accept, take, 
receive with pleasure; embrace, welcome, 
await. 

Accepteur, ak-sep-tur, sm. accepter, endor- 
ser, ratifier, person who accepts a bill, 
note, &c. 

Acceptilation", ak-sep-le-ldh-syong, sf. re- 
mission of a debt, discharge, acquittance 
from a payment. 

AcceptiO-N", ak - sip -syong, sf. acception ; 
choice, preference ; meaning, received sense 
of a word. 

Acces, ak-sey, sm. access; approach, admit- 
tance ; paroxysm, swoon, fit ; increase, ad- 
dition. 

Accessible a, ak-ces-seehl , adj. accessible, 
easy of, approach, (fig.) affable, courteous, 
complaisant. 

Accession, ak-ces-synng, sf. accession; ad- 
dition, increase, augmentation; produce, 
advantage. 

Accessit, ak-ces-seet, sm. distinguished mark 
of competition ; the second-best premium. 

Accessoiee, ak-ces-soo-ar, sm. accessary, ac- 
complice, partaker, confederate, associate, 
colleague. 

ACCESSOIRE, ak - cs-soo-ar, adj. accessary, 
additional, contributive, circumstantial, in- 
cidental. 

Accident, ak-se-dang, sm. accident, chance, 
casualty, contingency, fortuitousness, mis- 
fortune. 

Par accident, par-ak-se-dang, ad. acciden- 
tally, fortuitously, by chance ; unluckily, 
by ill luck. 

Accidental, -le, ak-se-dang-if-l, adj. acci- 
dental, fortuitous, non-essential, falling out 
by chance. 

Accidentei.lement, ak -se - dang - iel - mang, 
ad. accidentally, by chance, fortuitously, 
casually. 

Accise, akseeze, sf. excise, tax, duty levied 
upon commodities or provisions of anysort. 

Acclamateur, ah-kHah-maJl-tur , sm. shouter, 
applauder, commcuder, concurrent in ap- 
plause. 

Acclamation, aJi-klali-mah-syong, sf. accla- 
mation, shout, applause, praise, commen- 
dation. 

Acclamper, ah-klang-pai, va. lr. to clamp, 
strengthen with clamps, brace, consolidate. 

Acclimater, ah-kle-ntah-tai, va, lr. to in- 
ure, accustom to a climate, (fig.) reconcile 
to one's habits. 

S'acclimater, s'aJi-kle-mah-tai, vref. to in- 
ure, accustom one's self to a climate ; be 
seasoned, habituated, (fig.) be reconciled to 
one's ways. 

Accointance, ah -koo-aing -tanass, sf. ac- 
quaintance, familiarity, knowledge, friend- 
ship, intercourse. 

Accolade, ah-ko-lad, sf. embrace, hug; dub 
of knighthood, accollee ; brace (in writing). 

Accole, -e, ah-ke-lai, -r, adj. joined together, 
united by a brace ; tied up. 
12 



Accoler, aJi-ko -hii, ra. 1 r. to embrace, prop, 
join together, or in one sum ; dish two things 
together ; hug. 

Accomwodable, ah-ko-mo-dahl ', adj. accom- 
modable ; suitable, that may be adjusted. 

Accommodagk, ah-ko-mo-duhje, sm. cooking 
of meat, hair-dressing; fitting up. 

Accommodant, -e, ah-ko-mo-dang, t, adj. 
accommodating, complying, good-natured, 
easy, complaisant, desirous to please. 

Accommodation, ah-ko-mo-dah-syong, sf. ac- 
commodation, conveniency. 

Accommode, -E, ah-ko mn-dai, -e, adj. dress- 
ed, decent, adjusted, made up. 

Accommode.ment, ah-ko-mod-mqng, sm. ad- 
justment ; agreement, reconciliation, ac- 
commodation, composition. 

Accommoder, ah-ko-mo-dai, va. 1 v. to ac- 
commodate, clean, dress, cook, mend, suit, 
settle; reconcile. Accommoder sa maison, 
to settle one's affairs. 

S'accommoder, n' ah-ko-mo-dai, vref. to dress, 
prepare, suit, comply with, make up, be 
satisfied with. S'arcommoder de qwdque. 
chose, to make bold or free with a thing. 

Accompagnateur, ah-kongpahiiiy-yuh-tur, 
sm. accompanier (in music). 

Accompaonement, ah - kong-pah ■ ing - yuh- 
mang,sm. accompaniment '; pomp, retinue; 
harmony, appendix. 

ACCOMPAGNER, ah konqpah-inqyiii ', ra. 1 p. 
to accompany, attend ; match, join with ; 
escort. 

S' ACCOMPAGNER DE, s'ah-korirj pah-inrj-yai, 

vref. to associate with ; be accompanied or 
attended by. 

Accompli, -e, ah-kong-ple, -e, adj. perfect, 
polite, elegant, excellent; accomplished, 
finished, fullilled. 

Ac< omplir. ah-kong-pleer, va. 2r. to accom- 
plish, fulfil, finish. 

S'accomplir. .<; ah-kong-pleer, vref. to be ful- 
filling, fulfilled ; accomplishing, accom- 
plished. 

AccostPLlSSEMENT, ah-kong-pleess-mang, sm. 
accomplishment, fulfilment, perfection, 
completion, performance. 

Accoqdinant, -E, ah-lco-ke-nang , -t, adj. en- 
ticing, wheedling, engaging. 

Accoquiner, ah-ko -ke-nui, va. lr. to entice, 
cajole, beset, insnare. 

S'ACCOar/iNER, s'ah-ko-ke-nai, vref. to grow 
fond of, to be bewitched with. 

Accord, ah-kor, sm. agreement, consent, 
concord, harmony. 

D'accord, d'ah-kor, ad. willingly; agreed; 
granted. Tomber d'accord, to consenr. 

Ace irdap.le, ah-kor-dahl, adj. grantable, 
allowable, admissible. 

Accordailles, ah-kor-dah-ytdi, sfp. affiance, 
marriage-contract, espousals, betrotl 

Accordant, -e, ah-7a>r-dang, ■/. adj. harmo- 
nious, suitable to ; agreeing in sound, 
adapted to each other. 

Accorde, ah-Jcor-dai, sm. bridegroom, one 
betrothed, new-married man. 

Accordee, aJi-kor-daie, sf. bride, new-mar- 
ried woman, one betrothed. 

Accorder, ahkor-dai, va. lr. to accord, 
grant ; reconcile ; tune. 

S'accorder, t? ahkor-dai, vref. to agree, to 
suit, concur, join. 

Accordeur, ah kor-dur, sm. tuner of musi- 
cal instruments. 



ACC 



ACC 



Accordoir, ah-kor-doo-ar ( vide obs. table 
of sounds), y/n. tuning-key, tuner, instru- 
ment for tuning. 

Accoke, ah-kor, sm. prop, stay, support, that 
on which any thing rests. 

Accorer, ah-ko-rai, va. lr. to prop, sustain, 
support, bear up. 

ACCOKT, -E, ah-kor, -t, adj. courteous, com- 
plying, affable, subtle. 

Accortise, ahkor-teez, sf. civility, affabili- 
ty, complaisance, slyness. 

ACCOST able, altkostaM, adj. accostable, af- 
fable, familiar, accessible. 

Accostek, ah-kas-tai, va. I r. to accost, ap- 
proach, speak, come up. 

S'accoster, s'ah-kos-tai, vref. to associate, 
approach, keep company with. 

Accoteme.nt, ah-kot-mang, sm. causeway ; 
friction, attrition. 

Accoter, ah-ko-tai, va. lr. to prop, support, 
lean on one side. 

S'accoter, s'nh ko-fai, vref. to prop, support 
one's self sideways, lean against. 

Accotoir, ah-ko-ioo-ar (vide obs. tab. &c), 
sin. leaning prop, prop, stay, support. 

Accouchee, ah-koo-shaic, sf. woman in child- 
bed. 

Accouchement, ah-koosh-mang, sm. child- 
birth, labor. 

ACCOUCHER, alt-koo-shai, va. 1 r. to deliver 
or lay a woman. 

Accoucher, ah-koo-shai, rn. lr. to lie in, be 
in childbed, be delivered, give birth to. 

Accoucheur, ah-koo-shur, sm. man-midwife, 
practiser of midwifery. 

Accoucheuse, ah-koo-shuhze, sf. midwife, 
practiser of midwifery. 

S'accouher, s'ah-koo-dai, vref. 1 r. to lean 
on one's elbow. 

Accocdoir, ah-koo-doo-ar ( vide obs. table 
of sounds), sm. leaning place, elbow prop. 

Accouple, ah-koopl, sf. couple, leash, leath- 
er thong ; brace, band. 

Accouplement, ah-koopl-mang, sm. couple, 
brace, pair (of animals or things), copula- 
tion, match, union. 

Accouple r, ah-koo-plai, va. lr. to couple, 
pair, yoke, match ; marry. 

S'accoupler, s'ah koo plai, vref. to couple, 
pair, unite, copulate. 

Accourant, ah-koo-rang, pres. part of ac- 
courir, running to, hastening to. 

Accourcir, ah-koor-seer, va. 2r. to shorten, 
cutoff; abridge, contract. 

S' ACCOURCIR, ft 1 ah-koor-seer, vref. to diminish, 
shorten, decrease. 

Accourcisseme.vt, ah-koor-seessmang, sm. 
contraction, abridgment. 

Accourir A, ah-koo-reer, rn. 2irr. to run 
to, hasten, hurry, come, or go to. 

Accourrai, ah-koor-rai, fut. of accourir, will 
run to. 

Accocrs, ah-koor, pres. iud. of accourir, 
hasten to. 

Accouru ,ah-kno-ren, p. part, accourir, run to. 

ACCOURUS, ah-koo-reu, pret. def. of accourir, 
ran to. 

Accoutrement, ah-koo-truh-nvxng, sm. ac- 
coutrement, dress ; garb, equipage ; trap- 
pings, ornaments. 

Accoutrer, ah-koo-trai, va. lr. to accoutre, 
dress, equip, rig. 

S'accoutrer, b' ah-koo-trai, vref. to dress 
queerly, accoutre one's self. 



ACCOUTUMANCE, ah-koo-tnt-mnngss, sf. cus- 
tom, habit, use, habitual practice. 

ACCOUTUMER, ah-Jtoo-teu-mai, va. lr. to ac- 
custom, use, habituate, inure. 

S'accoutumer a, s'ahkoo teumai, vref. to 
accustom, use, inure one's self to. 

Accoutume, -e, ah-koo-teu-mai, -e, adj. cus- 
tomary, usual, ordinary. 

A l' accoutume, ah-lah-koo-teu mat, ad. as 
usual, according to custom. 

Accouve, -e, ah koo-vai, -e, 2>art. constantly 
seated by the fireside. 

Accredits, -e, ah-krai-de-tai, -e, adj. wor- 
thy, respectable, estimable, accredited. 

Accrediter, ah-krai-de-tai, va.lr. togivo 
credit, power ; bring into vogue. 

S'accrediter, s' ah-krai-de-tai, vref to get 
a name, gain credit, bring one's self into 
repute. 

Accretion, ah-krai-syong, sf. accretion, in- 
crement, growth. 

Acc'ROC, ah-kro, sm. rent, tear ; hook ; stop, 
delay, hinderance. 

Accrocuement, ah-krosh-mang, sm. catch, 
contest ; obstacle ; difficulty ; delay. 

Acchocher, ah-kro-tshai, va. 1 r. to accroach, 
hang upon, hook, catch,' 1 grapple ; delay, 
stop, hinder. 

S'accrocher, s'ah-kro-shai, vref. to hang, 
fix, seize upon ; lay hold ; be caught. 

Accroiee a, (used only with /aire), fare- 
ah-kroo-nr, va. 4irr. to make one believe, 
persuade. 

E.N' faire ACCROIRE A, ang-fair-ah-kroo-ar, 
v. to impose upon, deceive, make one be- 
lieve. 

S'e.v faire ACCnoiKE, s'ang-fnir-ah-kroo-ar, 
vref. to be self-conceited, think, presume 
too much of one's self, be proud. 

Accrois, ah-kroo-ah, ind. pres. of accroitre, 
increase. 

Accroissant, ah-kroo-ah-sang, pres. part, of 
accroitre, increasing. 

Accroisseme.nt, ah-kroo-ass-mang, sm. in- 
crease, growth, addition. 

Accroitre, ah-kroo-atre, rn. n. 4 irr. to in- 
crease, improve ; advance. 

S'accroitre, s'ah-kroo-ahti^vrcf. to increase, 
grow, augment, swell. 

AcCROUPI, -e, ah-kroo pe, -e, adj. squat, 
cowering close to the ground ; moping. 

S'ACCROUPIR, s\ih-kroo-peer, vref'. 2 r. to 
squat, sit cowering close to the ground ; 
mope, drowse, be stupid. 

ACCRU, ah-kreu, p. part, of accroitre, in- 
creased. 

Accrue, ah-kreu, sf. augmentation, exten- 
sion, addition, increase. 

Accrus, ah-kreu, pret. def. of accroitre, in- 
creased. 

ACCROUPISSEMEN'T, ali-kroo-pece-mang, sm. 
squat posture ; drowsiness, stupidity, mel- 
ancholy, insensibility. 

AcCRU, -E, ah-kreu, -e, adj. increased, abun- 
dant, exuberant, swelled. 

Accueil, ah-kuh-yuh, sm. reception. Faire 
un bon, 011 mauvais accueil, to give a good 
or bad reception. 

Accueii.lant, ah-kuh-yang, pres. part, of 
accueillir, welcoming. 

Accueille, ah-kuh-yuh, pres. ind. of accuei' 
llir, welcome. 

Accueillerai, ah-kuhyuh-rai, fut. of ac- 
cueillir, shall welcome. 

13 



ACH 



Accueillir, ah-kuh-yeer, va. 2irr. to receive 
kindly, welcome, surprise, overtake, fall 
upon. 

Accul, ah-kule, sm. street without outlet, 
blind-alley ; palisade ; low hedge ; small 
bay ; straitness. 

Acculer, ah-ku-lai, va. lr. to drive to a 
corner, straiten, keep back. 

S'acculer, & ah-ku-lai, vref. to stand in a 
corner, or against a wall. 

Accumulation, ah-ku-meu-lah-syong, sf, ac- 
cumulation, heaping together, acervation. 

Accumuler, aliiu-meu-lai, va. 1 r. to accu- 
mulate, heap up, hoard, acervate. 

S'accumuler, s'ah-ku-meu-lai, vref. to in- 
crease, augment, run on. 

Ace us able, ah-ku-zabl, adj. accusable, bla- 
mable, culpable, impeachable. 

Accusateok, ah-ku-zah tur, sm. accuser, im- 
peacher. 

Accusatif, ah-ku-zah-teef, sm. accusative, 
fourth case of declinable nouns. 

Accusation, ah-ku-zahsyong, sf. accusation, 
charge, impeachment. 

Accusatrice, ah-ku-zah-trece, sf. accuser, 
impeacher. 

Accuse, -e, ah-ku-zai, -e, smf. culprit, pris- 
oner at the bar, party accused. 

Accuser, ah-ku-zai, va. 1 r. to accuse, im- 
peach ; complain, reproach ; reveal, dis- 
cover, show, acknowledge, display, call. 

S'accuser, s'ah-ku-zai, vref. to accuse, blame 
one's self, confess. 

Acerbe, ah-sairb, adj. sour, acid, sharp; 
harsh ; crabbed. 

Acerbite, ah-sair-he-tai, sf. acerbity, sour- 
ness, asperity, sharpness. 

Acere, -e, ah-sai-rai, -e, adj. sharp ; keen ; 
(steely, hard) severe ; astringent, acute, 
mordant. 

Acerer, ah-xai-rai, va. 1 r. to steel, temper, 
indurate ; sharpen, bite. 

Acescent, -e, ah-ses-sa>ig, -t, adj. acescent ; 
inclinable to sourness. 

Acete, -E, ah-sai-tai, adj. acetous, sourish, 
acid, sharp. 

Aceteux, -se, ah-sai-tuh, -ze, adj. acetous, 
acetose, sourish. 

Aceteuse, ah-sai-tuhze, sf. sorrel, sort of 
dock. 

Acetique, ah-sai-trek, adj. made of or ex- 
tracted from vinegar. 

Acetique acide, or Acetum alcalise, ah- 
sai-tom-al-cah-lee-sai, sin. distilled vinegar. 

Achalandage, ah-shnh-lang-dnhje, sm. agen- 
cy, skill, custom, (in trade) retail. 

Aciialander, ah-shah-lang-dai, va. lr. to 
get good custom. 

S'achalander, s'ah-shah-tang-dai. vref. to 
get, draw, bring, attract customers. 

Acharnement, ah-sharn-mang, sm. fury, 
rage, animosity. 

Acharner, ah-shar-nni, va. lr. to exasper- 
ate ; set on ; animate ; enrage. 

S'ACHARNER, s'ah-shar-nai, vref. to fall furi- 
ously upon ; pursue with eagerness. 

Achat, ah-shah, sm. purchase, bargain, stip- 
ulation. 

Ache, ahsh, if. sort of parsley, wild parsley, 
smallage. 

Achek<, ahshaie, sfp. worms, bait for fish, 
food for birds. 

Achements, ash-mangh, smp. hatchment, 
escutcheon, family arms. 
14 



ACQ 



1 

Acheminement, ash-meen-manff, sm. prepa, 
ration, means, step ; introduction, begin, 
mng. 

Acheminer, ash-me-nai, va. lr. to prepare, 
set on foot, forward. Acheminer un checal, 
to teach a horse to keep the road. 

S' ACHEMINER, s'axfi me-nai, vref. to set out, 
begin, advance, continue. 

Acheter, ash-tai, va. 1 r. to buy, purchase, 
acquire, manage by money. 

Acheteur, ash-tur, sm. buyer, purchaser, 
chapman. 

Acheteuse, ash-t'ihze, sf. buyer, purchaser. 

Acheve, -e, ash-vai, -e, adj. complete, per- 
feet, finished, accomplished, rare, excellent; 
arrant. 

Achevement, ah-shayv-mang, sm. comple- 
tion, end, accomplishment, perfection, ele- 
gance, ornament. 

Achever, ash-vai, va. 1 r. to finish, end, 
complete, perfect, accomplish, polish, con- 
clude ; put to death. Achever de Loire, to 
drink all up. 

S'achever, s 1 ash-vai, vref. to be fulfilling, 
finishing, accomplishing. 

Achoppement, ah-shop-mang, sm. hinder- 
ance, obstacle, impediment ; stumbling- 
block, eyesore. 

Achores, ah-shore, smp. achor, herpes; 
thrush ; cutaneous inflammation. 

Acide, ah-seed, sm. acidness, sourness, sharp- 
ness, tartness. 

Acide, ah-seed, adj. acid, sour, sharp, tart. 

Acidite, ah-se-de-tai, sf. acidity, sharpness, 
sourness. 

Aciduler, ah-se-deu-lai, va. 1 r. to acidulate, 
make sour, piquant. 

Acidule, -e, ah-se-deu-lai, -e, adj. acidulat- 
ed, sourish, tart. 

Acier, ah-syai, sm. steel ; sword, weapon; 
hardness. 

Acolyte, ah-ko-leet, sm. acolyte, clerk pro- 
moted to the highest of the four minor or- 
ders of the Romish priesthood. 

Aconit, ah-ko-ne, sm. aconite, wolFs-bane ; 
poison. 

Acoustique, ah-koos-teek, sf. acoustics, theo- 
ry of sounds. 

Acquereur, ah-kai-rur, sm. acquirer, pur- 
chaser, gainer. 

Acquerir. ah-kai-reer, va. 2 irr. to acquire, 
gain, purchase, buy, procure. 

S'acquerir, s'ahkni-reer, vref. to be ac- 
quired, gained ; gain, procure. 

Acquerrai, ah-kair-rai, fut. of acquerir, 
will acquire. 

Acquet, ah-key, sm. acquest ; acquisition, 
purchase, profit. 

Acquiere, ah-kyaire, pres. subj. of acque- 
rir, may acquire. 

Acquiers, ah-kyair, pres. ind. of acquerir, 
acquire. 

Acquiescement, ah-kyaisv-mang, sm. acqui- 
escence, consent, compliance. 

Acquiescer X, ahkyay-xai, vn. lr. to ac- 
quiesce, consent, comply, yield. 

Acquis, ah-kee, sm. acquirement, attainment, 
science, knowledge. 

Acquis, ah-kee, p. part, and pret. def. of ac- 
querir, acquired. 

Acquisition, ah-keze-syong, sf. acquisition, 
gain, purchase. 

Acquit, ahke. sm. acquittance, discharge, 
receipt. 



ACT 



ADI 



ACQUIT DE DOUANB, ak-kt-duh-duoan, sm. 

coeket, permit. 

Acquit, (at billiards) lead, first play. 

Acquit (jouer a l'), hjoo-ai-ahlah-ke, v. 
to win or lose ; stake, hazard. 

A l'al'QUIT, ah-Vah-ke, ad. quits. 

Par acquit, par-ah-kc, upon one's receipt. 

Acquit (par maniere d'), pai-mahnyayre- 
d'ah-ke, ad. negligently ; for fashion's sake. 

Acquit a caution, ah-ke-tahko-syony, sin. 
certificate, dischaige. 

Acquitter, ah-ketai, va. lr. to acquit, dis- 
charge, fulfil, exonerate, clear, set free. 

S'acquitter de, s'uhketai, vie/, to per- 
form, discharge, execute ; fulfil, pay oft. 

Acquitteme.vt, ahkeel-mang, sm. acquit- 
ment, discharge, acquittal. 

Acre, uhkr, sm. acre; forty perches in 

^ length and four in breadth. 

Ache, ahkr, adj. sharp; sour, tart; acrid, 
corrosive; acrimonious. 

Acrete, ah kiuhtai, sf. acritude, sharpness, 
tartness, biting heat, severity, ill-humor. 

Ackimonie, ah-kie-mo-nee, sf. acrimony, 
corrosiveness ; severity. 

Acrimonieux, -SE,ah kre-7no-nyuhe, -ze,adj. 
acrimonious, corrosive, sharp. 

Acromion, ah-kro myoug, sm. acromion, 
crooked back, high shoulders. 

Acro.nique, ahkro-neek, adj. acronical, ri- 
sing or setting of a star at sunset. 

Acrosperme, ah-kio-sperm, sm. mushroom, 
fungus ; upstart. 

Acrostiche, ah-kross-teesh, sm. acrostic; 
short poem of which the combination of the 
first letter of each line forms a name. 

Acrostiche, ah-kross-teesh, adj. acrostic, 
obscure enigmatical. 

Acrotep.es, ah ■ kio tayr, smp. acroters, 
small pedestals without bases. 

AcrOteriasme, ahkro-tai-ryassm, sm. am- 
putation of a limb. 

Acte, act, sm. act, action, deed, exploit ; de- 
cree ; thesis. 

Actes, ahct, snip, records, rolls, acts, public 
registers. 

Acteur, ak-tur, sm. actor, comedian, per- 
former. 

Actif, -ve, ak-teef, -v. adj. active, quick, 
nimble, diligent, laborious. 

Action, ak-syong, sf. action, act, deed; 
agency, manner of delivery ; fight, battle ; 
suit at law ; share in stock. 

Actions de grace, ak - syongh - dull - grahss, 
sfp. thanksgiving. 

Actionnaike, ak - syn - nnire, sm. stockhold- 
er ; partner, sharer in a concern. 

Actions er, ak-syo-nai, va. lr. to sue at 
law, prosecute. 

Activement, ak-teev-mang, ad. actively, 
busily, effectively. 

Activer, ak le-iui, ra. lr. to spur, instigate, 
stir up, put into action. 

Activite, ak-te-ve-tai, sf. activity, nimble- 
ness, quickness ; vigor, energy ; readiness 
of wit. 

Actrice, ak-trece, sf. actress, player, come- 
dian, performer. 

Actualite, ak-teu-ah-le-tai, sf. actuality, 
reality, present existence. 

Actuel, -le, ak-teu-el, -/, adj. actual, real, 
effective, present ; habitual. 

Actuellement, ak-teu-el-mang, ad. actually, 
presently, effectively, now, really ; indeed. 



Acutangle, ah-ku-tang gl, sm. acute angle. 

Acutangui.aire, ah kit -tan 1///11 laire, adj. 
acutangular, having acute" angles. 

Adage, ah-dahje, sm. adage, maxim, pro- 
verb, pithy sentence. 

Adagio, ah-duh-hjto,sm. adagio, slow time; 
ad. slowly. 

Adamantin, -e, ah-dah-mang-taing, -teen, 
adj. adamantine, hard, indissoluble; hard- 
hearted ; barbarous. 

Adaptation, ah-dap-tah-syong, sf. adapta- 
tion, fitness of one thing to another, conve- 
nience. 

Adapter, ah-dap-lai, ra. 1 r. to adapt, ap- 
ply, fit, suit, proportion. 

S'adapter, s'uh -dap-ten, vref. to conform, 
comply with, yield. 

Addition, aJi-de-syong, sf. addition, addita- 
ment, accession ; adjunction. 

Additionel, -le, ah-de-syo-nel, d. adj. addi- 
tional, adjunctive, supplementary. 

Additioner, ah-de syo-nai, va. lr. to add, 
cast up, sum, compute, annumerate. 

Adducteur, ah - dtuk - tur, sm. adducent 
muscle. 

Ademption, aJi-davgpesyong, sf. ademption, 
revocation, of a will, <tc. privation. 

Adenographie, ah-dai-no-grah-fef, sf. ade- 
nography, description of the glands. 

Adenotomie, ah-dai-iw-tomee, sf. adenoto- 
my, dissection of the glands. 

Adent, ah-dang, sm. tally, notch, nick, jut- 
ting piece. 

Adepte, ah-dept, smf. adept, proficient in 
a profession. 

Adherence, ah-dai-rangss, sf. adherence ; 
attachment, steadiness, firmness, tenacity, 
fixedness of mind. 

Adherent, -e, ah-dai-rang, -t, adj. adhe- 
rent, cohesive, stickiug to ; attached, an- 
nexed, united with. 

Adherents, ah-dai-rangh, smp. adherents, 
adherers, followers, partisans. 

Adherer A, ah dai-rai, vn. 1 r. to adhere, 
consent, stick to ; remain firmly fixed to a 
party or opinion. 

Adhesion, ah-day-zyong, sf. adhesion ; ac- 
quiescence ; submission; consent. 

Ad honores, ad-o-no-ress, (Lat. exp.) smp. 
honor, without profit. 

Adiante, ah-dyaugte,, sf. maiden-hair ; fern. 

Adieu, ah-dyuh, sm. adieu, farewell ; leave; 
departure. 

Adipeux, -se, ah-de-puhe, -ze, adj. adipose, 
fat, fleshy, plump. 

Adirer, ah-de-rai, ra. 1 r. to lose, mislay, 
lay in a wrong place. 

Adition, ah-de-syong, sf. acceptation of an 
inheritance. 

Adjacent, -e, adjah-sang, -t, adj. adjacent, 
contiguous, near. 

Adjectif, ad-jek-teef, sm. adjective, word 
added to a noun to qualify its nature ; as 
good, bad, <fec. 

Adjectivemf.nt, ad-jek-teev-mang, ad. ad- 
jectively, after the manner of an adjective. 

Adjoindre, adjoo-aingdr, va. 4»Vr. toad- 
join, unite, put to. 

S' adjoindre a. s'ad-joo-aingdr, vref. to 
join, accompany, associate with. 

Adjoint, ad-joo-aing, sm. assistant, helper, 
auxiliary ; partner, colleague. 

Adjunction, adjangk-syong, sf. adjunction, 
meeting, association. 

15 



ADM 



ADO 



Adjudant, ad-jeu-dang, sm. adjutant, petty 
military officer. 

Adjudicataire, ad-jeu-de-kah-taire, smf. 
highest bidder, one to whom a thing is ad- 
judged by law. 

Adjudicateor, ad-jeu-de-kah-fur, sm. ap- 
praiser, valuer ; arbitrator, umpire, weigh- 
er ; judge. 

Adjudication", ad-jeu-de-kah-syong, sf. adju- 
dication, award ; appraisement. 

Adjudicatif, -ve, ad-jeu-de-kah-teef, -v,adj. 
definitive, judicial, determinative. 

Adjudicatkice, ad-jeu-de-kah-treess, sf ap- 
praiser, valuer, arbitress. 

Adjuger, ad-jeuhjai, va. lr. to adjudge, 
award, decree ; appraise, value ; grant to 
the highest bidder. 

Adjuration, ad-jeu-rah-syong, sf. adjura- 
tion, oath, exorcism. 

Adjureu, ad-jeu-rai, va. 1 r. to adjure, swear 
solemnly ; obtest by oath. 

Admets, ad-mey, pres. ind. of admettre, ad- 
mit. 

Admettant, ad-mey - tang, pres. part, of ad- 
mettre, admitting. 

Admettre, ad-metr, va.iirr. to admit, allow, 
grant, receive. 

Adminicule, ad-me-ne-kule, sm. adminicle, 
corroboration, help, support, confirmation, 
auxiliation. 

Administrateur, ad-me-neess-trah-tur, sm. 
administrator ; trustee ; director ; steward ; 
minister. 

Administrate, -\K,ad-me-neess-trah-teef, -v, 
adj. administrative ; practical. 

Administration, ad-me-neess-trah-syong, sf. 
administration ; government ; direction ; 
trust ; conduct. 

Administratrice, ad-me-necsstrah-trece, sf. 
administratrix, trustee, guardian. 

Administker, ad-me-neess-trai, va. lr. to 
admiuister, govern, confer ; supply ; give 
evidence, bring proofs. 

S'admi.vistrer, s'' 'ad-me-neess-trai, vref. to 
take, make, give one's self supply; enjoy, 
treat one's seif with. 

Admirable, ad-me-rahl, adj. admirable, 
beautiful, good, excellent, rare ; wonder- 
ful, astonishing. 

Admirablement, ad-me-rahl -mang, ad. ad- 
mirablv, in an admirable manner, wonder- 
fully. 

Admirateur, ad-me-rah-lur, sm. admirer; 
lover ; flatterer, praiser ; parasite. 

Admiratif, -ve, ad-me-rah-teef, -v, adj. ex- 
pressive of admiration. 

Admiration, ad-me-ra7i-syong, sf. admira- 
tion, wonder, surprise. 

Admiratrice, ad-me-rah-treess, sf. admirer, 
cajoler, flatterer. 

Admirer, ad-me-rai, va. lr. to admire; re- 
gard with wouder, &c. ; be surprised, as- 
tonished. 

S'admirer, s'ad-me-rai, vref to look at one's 
self with complacence, admire one's self. 

Admis, ad-me, p. part, and pret. def. of ad- 
mettre, admitted. 

Admissible, ad-me-seebl, adj. admissible, al- 
lowable, receivable, qualified, fit, proper, 
admittable. 

Admission, ad-me-syong, sf admission, ad- 
mittance, reception, access. 

Admitatur, ad-me-tah-teur, Lat. sm. certifi- 
cate of admission. 
16 



AdmonetE, ad-monai tai. sm. monitory, ad- 
monition, warning, reprimand. 

Admoneter, ad-mo-nai-tai, va. 1 r. to repri- 
mand, reprove, warn. 

Admo.niteur, ad-mone-tur, sm. monitor, ad- 
monisher, counsellor, adviser; reprover; 
instructor. 

Admonition, ad-mo-ne-syong. sf admonition, 
counsel, reproof; instruction. 

Admonitrice, ad-mo-ne-trtess, sf. monitor, 
counsellor, adviser. 

Adolescence, ah-do-lai-sangss, sf adoles- 
cence, youth (applied only to boys). 

Adolescent, ah-do-laisang, sm. youth, strip- 
ling ; (fig.) old bachelor. 

Adolescente, ah-do-lai-sangt, sf. hoiden, 
raw girl ; (fig.) old maid. 

Adonien, -ne, ah-do-nyaing, -nyain, adj. 
adonie, poetical verse of one dactyle and 
one spondee. 

Adonis, ah-do-neee, sm. Adonis ; coxcomb ; 
beau ; spark ; pheasant's eye. 

S'adoniser, s'ah-do-ne -zai, vref lr. to deck, 
trim, decorate, dress one's self affectedly. 

Adoniser, ah-do-ne-zai, va. 1 r. to adonize, 
adorn, beautify, make fine. 

S'adonner a, s'ah-do-nai, vref 1 r. to ad- 
dict; please, attach, apply, give one's self 
to ; see, frequent. 

Adopter, ah-dop-tai, va. 1 r. to adopt ; cher- 
ish, support, take ; agree to ; contract. 

Adoptif, -ve. ah-dop-leef, -v, adj. adoptive, 
desirable, assumptive. 

Adoption, ah-dop-syong, sf. adoption, elec- 
tion, choice. 

Adorable, ah-do-rabl, adj. adorable ; excel* 
lent ; beautiful, charming. 

Adorateur, ah-do-ra-tur, sm. adorer, wor- 
shipper ; admirer. 

Adoration, ah-do-rah-syong. sf. adoration ; 
homage ; admiration ; excessive love, af- 
fection. 

Adoratrice, ah-do-ra-treece, sf. adorer, 
worshipper ; admirer. 

Adorer, ah-do-rai, va. 1 r. to adore, wor- 
ship ; admire ; love excessively ; honor, 
revere. 

Ados, ah-doe, sm. sloping-bed, againsf a 
wall; declivous ground. 

Adosser, ah-do-sai, va. 1 r. to set back to 
buck ; strengthen backward, support, )*>an 
against. 

S' adosser, s'ah-dosai, vref. to lean one'3 
back against ; stand back to back. 

Adouber, ah-doo-bai, va. 1 r. to repair, 
mend, stop holes; set aright, adoo'o (at 
chess). 

Adouci, ah-doo-se, sm. polish, attrition, 
smoothness ; elegance ; soft grinding-stono. 

Adoucir, ah-doo-seer, va. 2 r. to soften, 
sweeten ; appease, mitigate, temper, tame. 

S'adoucir, «' ah-doo-seer, vref to become 
sweet, mild, tame ; relent, remit. 

Adoucissage, ah-doo-se-sahje, sm. allay, 
layer, softening. 

Adoucissant, -e, ah-doo-se -sang, -t, adj. soft- 
ening, mitigating. 

AdOUCISSEMENT, ah-doo-seece-mnng, sm. al- 
leviation, softness, lenity, mitigation, abate- 
ment. 

Apoucisseur, ah-doo-se-sur, sm. glass grind- 
er or polisher. 

Adoue. -e, ah-doo-ai,-e, adj. coupled, paired, 
matched. 



AER 



AFF 



An patreS (ALI.E), al-la i-ad -pah-tres, Lat. 

dead; gathered to liis fathers. 
Adragante, ah-drah-gangt, sf. adraganth, 

gum tragacanth. 

Adresse, ah-dress, sf. address; direction; 

skill, dexterity, cunning ; office ; petition, 

application. 
AdreSSER, ah-dray-sai, va. 1 r. to address, 

direct, send; dedicate. 

Adresser, ah-dray-sai, tn. 1 r. to hit, touch, 
attain, reach, light on. 

S'adkesser, a' ah-dray-sai, rrcf. to apply, 
speak ; attack, insult, atfront ; have re- 
course to. 

Adroit, -e, ah-droo-ah, -t (vide obs. table of 
Bounds), adj. dexterous, clever, skilful; 
cunning. 

Aduoitlmext, ah-droo-at-mang (vide obs. 
table of sounds), ad. dexterously ; cun- 
ningly. 

Apulateur, ali-deii-lak-tur, sm. adulator, 
flatterer, fawner, wheedler. 

Adulation, ah-deu-lah-syotig, sf. adulation, 
flattery, servile courtship. 

Adulatrice, ah-deu-lah-treece, sf. flatterer, 
wheedler, cajoler. 

Aduler, ahdeu-lai, va. 1 r. to flatter, extol, 
wheedle, fawn, cringe. 

Adulte, ah-deutt, smf. adult; adj. grownup ; 
arrived at maturity. 

Adulters, ah-deul-tayre, sm. adultery, vio- 
lation of the marriage-bed. 

Adultere, ah-deul-tayre, smf. adulterer, 
adulteress, violator of the marriage-faith. 

Adultere, ah-deul-tayre, adj. adulterous, 
guilty of adultery. 

Adulterer, ah-deid-tai-rai, va. 1 r. to adul- 
terate, commit adultery ; corrupt by ad- 
mixture. 

Adulterix, -e, ah-deul-te-zaing, -reen, adj. 
illegitimate, spurious, adulterine. 

Aduste, ah-deust, adj. adust, scorched; burnt 
up ; overheated. 

Adustion, ah-deuss-tyong, sf. adustion, burn- 
ing heat. 

Advextice, ad-vang-teece, adj. casual, acci- 
dental, fortuitous ; foreign, extraordinary. 

Advextif, -ve, ad-cang-teef, -v, adj. adven- 
titious, adventive ; advening, extrinsically 
added. 

Adverbe, ad-vairb, sm. adverb, qualifying 
word joined to a verb or adjective. 

Adverbial, -e, ad-vair-byal, -I, adj. adver- 
bial, of the quality of an adverb. 

Adverbialemext, ad-vair-byal-mang, ad. 
adverbially, in the manner of an adverb. 

Adverbialite, ad-vair-hyah-le-tai, sf, ad- 
verbial form, word used adverbially. 

Adversaire, ad-vair-sayre, smf, adversary, 
opponent, antagonist, enemy. 

Adversatif, -ve, ad-vair-sah-feef, -v, adj. 
adversative, different, opposite, contrary ; 
restrictive. 

Adverse, ad-rairsi, adj. adverse, contrary ; 
opposite ; calamitous, afflictive ; unlucky, 
unfortunate. 

Adversite, ad-vair-se-tai, sf. adversity ; 
affliction ; distress. 

Aere, -e. ah-ai-rai, -e, adj. airy, high in air, 
exposed to the air, composed of air ; unsub- 
stantial. 

Aerer, ah-airai, va. lr. to air, expose to 
the air ; take the air; dry, warm, purify, 
by the fire. 



AERIF.x, -HE, ah-ai-ryang, -ryain, adj. aeri- 
al, consisting of air, inhabiting theair, high 
iu the air. 

Aerier, ah-ai-ryai, va. 1 r. to fumigate, per- 
fume ; purify the air. 

Aerographie, ah-ai-ro-graph-fee, sf. aerog- 
raphy, description, theory of the air. 

Aerologie, ah-ai-rolo hjee, sf. acrolgy, the- 
ory and property of the air. 

Aerchaxcie, ah-ai-ro-mang-see, sf. aero- 
mancy, divination by the air, and its phe- 
nomena. 

Aerometre, ah-ai-ro-maytr, sm. aerometer, 
instrument to weigh the air. 

Aerometrie, ah-ai-ro-mai-tree, sf. aerome- 
try, art of weighing the air. 

Aeroxaute, ah-ai-ro-nole, smf. aeronaut, 
sailer through the air. 

Aerophobe, ah-ai-ro-fab, smf. one afraid of 
the air, or of the light of the sun. 

Aerophobie, ahai-ro-fo-bee, sf. fear of the 
air, or of the light of the sun. 

Aerostat, ah-ai-ro-stah, sm. ball, balloon, 
vessel or machine filled with gas, to sail 
through the air. 

Aerostatique, ah-airo-stah-teel\ adj. aero- 
static, belonging to flying machines. 

Aerostier, ak-ai-ro-styai, sm. contriver, 
manager, director of a flying machine. 

Affabilite, ah-fah-be-le-lai, sf. affability, 
affableness ; condescension ; civility ; easi- 
ness of manners. 

Affable, ah-fabl, adj. affable, condescen- 
sive, civil, courteous; easy of manners. 

Affablemext, ah-fah-bhdi-mang, ad. affa- 
bly, courteously, civilly. 

Affadir, ah-fah-deer, va. 2 r. to flatten; 
disgust ; cloy ; make, render, grow insipid. 

Affadissemext, ah-faji-deess-mang, sm. in- 
sipidity ; disgust ; fulsome praise ; want of 
taste, life, or spirit. 

Affaiblir, ah-fai-bleer, va. 2 r. to weaken, 
enfeeble, enervate ; lessen ; depress, de- 
crease, dispirit. 

S'affaiblir, s'ah-fai-bleer, vref. to grow 
weak, dispirited ; decay, decrease, dimin- 
ish. 

Aff.ublissemext. ah-fai-bleess-mang, sm. 
weakness ; depression ; enervation ; debil- 
ity, diminution of strength, spirits. 

Affaire, ah-faire, sf. affair, business; man. 
agement, transaction, thing, matter ; con- 
cern, duty, dispute, action ; trouble ; scrape. 
Se tirer d' affaire, to recover. Faire lien 
ses affaires, to prosper. 

Affaire, -e, ah-fai-rai, -e, adj. busy, bust, 
ling ; meddling. 

AFFAisSEMEXT,«/!-/"e.?.wHa7).7, sm. depression, 
weakness ; debility. 

Affaisser, dh-fai-sai, va. 1 r. to depress, 
press down ; overwhelm ; weaken, dispirit, 
deject, sink. 

S'affaisser, s'ali-fai-sai, vref. to sink down, 
subside, diminish. 

Affai.e, -e, ah-fah-lai, -e, adj. wind-bound, 
confined by contrary winds. 

Affaler, ah-fah-lai, va. 1 r. to press, lower 
forcibly ; weigh down. 

S'affaler, t? ah-fah-lai, vref. to sail too near 
a coast, difficult to clear off. 

Affame. -e, nh-fah-mai, -e, adj. voracious-, 
famished; greedy; scanty. 

Affamer, ah-fah-mai, va. 1 r. to famish;- 
starve ; reduce. 

17 



AFF 



AFF 



Affeagement, ah-fai-ahje-mang, sm. en- 
feoffment ; investiture of a manor, office, 
benefice, possessions. 

Affeager, ah-fai-ah-hjai, va. 1 r. to enfeoff, 
invest with dignities, possessions. 

Affectation, ah-feck-tah-syopg, />/. affecta- 
tion, conceit ; awkward imitation, false 
pretension. 

Affecte, -e, ah-feck-tai, -e, adj. affected, 
conceited, stiff, full of affectation, not easy, 
not natural. 

Affecter, ah-feck-tai, va. 1 r. to affect, de- 
sire earnestly ; aspire to ; appropriate ; en- 
tail ; assume a false appearance, constrain- 
ed manner. 

S' affecter, s'ah-fecJe-tai, pre/, to grieve, 
mourn, sorrow ; be sad, dejected, in pain 
for something past. 

Affectif, -ye, ah-feck-teef, -v, adj. affective, 
touching, pathetic. 

Affection, ah-feck-syong, sf. affection, love, 
tenderness ; sensibility, devotedness ; good 
•will. 

Affectionne, -e, ah-feck-syo-nai, -e, adj. 
affectionate, fond, tender ; warm ; zealous, 
full of affection. 

Affection"* em ent, ah-feck-syo-nai-mang, 
ad. affectionately, fondly. 

Affectionner, ah-feck-syo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
love, fondle, fancy ; be fond of, concerned, 
interested. 

S'affectioxner, s' 'ah-feck-syo-nai, vref. to 
delight, have pleasure in ; attach, apply 
one's self to. 

Affect ueusement, ah-feck-ten-tthze-mang 
(vide obs. 4, tab. <£c), ad. affectionately, 
lovingly, tenderly. 

Affectueux, -se, ah-feck-teit-uhe, -ze (vide 
obs. 4, tab. &c), adj. affect nous, affection- 
ate, pathetic. 

Affermer, ah-fair-mai, va. 1 r. to farm, 
lease, rent. 

Affermir, ah-fair-meer, va. 2 r. to strength- 
en, secure, fix, support. Affermir am pied, 
to make one's self secure. 

S'AT¥EB.'x.i'R 1 s , ah-fair-nieer,vref. to strength- 
en, consolidate, be corroborated, confirme*. 

Affer.missement, ah-fair-meess-mang, sm. 
prop, support ; confirmation ; security, de- 
pendence. 

Afferon, ah-fai-rong, sm. tag, ferrule, tin 
or brass, point put to the end of a stay- 
lace, &c. 

Affete, -e, ah-fai-tai, -e, adj. full of affect- 
ation ; studied with over-much care ; con- 
ceited, odd. 

Affeterie, ah-fait-ree, sf. affectation, affect- 
edness ; niceness, awkward imitation. 

Affetto, affectuoso, ah-fet-to, ah-feck-teu- 
o-zo, ad. gratefully, tenderly, slowly, with 
sensibility. 

Affichf., ah-feesh, sf. bill, placard, adver- 
tisement, notice. 

Afficher, ah-fe l shai, va. 1 r. to post up, 
publish, advertise. 

S'afficher, s'ah-jUk-shai, vref. to set up for, 
proclaim, expose one's self notoriously. 

Afficheur, ah-feshur, sm. bill-sticker, pub- 
lisher, advertiser. 

Affide, -e, ah-fe-dai, -e, smf. confidant ; adj. 
trusty, faithful. 

Affiler, ah-fflai, va. 1 ?•. to sharpen, edge, 
wire-draw, spin into length; exaspe 
miuilter. Lanuuc bicn ajjUc, a glib tongue. 
16 



Affiliation, ah-fe-le-ah-syong, sf. affilia- 
tion, association, incorporation, adoption. 

Affii.ier, dh-fe-lyai, va. 1 r. to adopt, ad- 
mit, incorporate ; initiate. 

S'affilier a, s'ah-fe-b/ai, vref. to be admit- 
ted, received into an association ; join a 
society. 

Affiloikes, dh-fe-ioo-ar (vide obs. 6, tab. 
Ac), sfp. whetstone, grindstone, pincers. 

Affinage, ah-fe-nahje, sm. affinage, refine- 
ment of metals. 

Affiner, ah-fe-nai, va. 1 r. to refine ; cheat ; 
clear up ; sharpen ; strengthen. 

S'affiner, s'ah-fe-nai, vref. xo clear up, 
brighten ; diminish, thin. 

Affinerie, ah-fe.en-ree, sf. refining smithy ; 
wire-forge ; rolled wire. 

Affineur, ah-fe-nur, sm. refiner; gold or 
silver smith. 

Affinite, uh-fe-ne-tai, sf. affinity; connec- 
tion, relation; convenience; conformity, 
disposition. 

Affinoir, ah-fe-noo-ar (vide obs. 6, tab. &c), 
sm. hatchel, flax, or hemp-comb. 

Affiquet, ah-fe-kay, sm. small prop ; knit- 
ting-sheath, stay. 

Affiqcets, ah fe keye, map. baubles, gew- 
gaws ; show of toys or trifles. 

Affirmatif, -TE, ali-fte i -ma-i erf -v,adj. af- 
firmative, positive, peremptory. 

Affirmation, dh-feer-mah-syong, sf. affir- 
mation, declaration ; oath ; confirmation. 

Affirmative, ah-feer-mah-teev, sf. affirma- 
tive, confirmation, positiveness, actuality. 

Affirmativement, ah-feer^ma-teev-mang, 
ad. affirmatively, positively. 

Affirmer, ahfeer-mai, va. 1 r. to affirm, 
declare, maintain, swear ; make affidavit. 

Affixe, dh-feeks, sm. affix. 

Affleurer, ahfluh-rai, va. 1 r. to level, 
flatten, equalize, smooth ; dilute, temper -, 
touch, join. 

Afflictif, -ye, dh-fleek-teef, -v, adj. afflic- 
tive, painful ; corporal. 

Affliction, ah-jteek-syong, sf. affliction, 
pain, grief, melancholy ; distress ; misfor- 
tune, disgrace. 

Affligkant, -e, ah-fle-hjang, -t. adj. afflict- 
ing, afflictive, grievous, distressful, melan- 
cholic. 

Affliger, ah-jle-hjai, va. 1 r. to afflict, 
grieve, torment, trouble ; mortify. 

S'atfliger de, s'ah-jte-hjai, vref. to grieve, 
fret, repine, lament ; be low spirited ; af- 
flict one's self. 

Affluence, ah-fleu-avghss (vide obs. 4. table 
of sounds), sf. affluence ; plenty; concourse. 

Affluent, -e, dh-JUu-ang, -t (vide obs. 4, tab. 
&c.), adj. affluent, flowing, abundant, exu- 
berant, wealthy. 

Affluer dans, ah-fleu-ai (vide obs. 4), vn. 1 
r. to flow, crowd ; abound, concur ; resort. 

Afflux, ah-fleu (vide obs. 4, tab. &C), sm. 
afflux, affluence, flow ; increase. 

Affoler, ah-fo-Jai, va. 1 /•. to infatuate, 
strike, affect with excessive passion, love ; 
dote upon. 

S'affolir, s'ah-fodeer, vref. 2 r. to grow 
foolish with excessive passion ; veer, de- 
viate, become irregular. 

Afforage, ah-fo-rahje, sm. assize ; excise 
duty ; ancient manorial tax, tax. 

Afforer, ahfo-rai, va. 1 r. to assize, tax; 
fix a price on. 



AFF 



AOCr 



Affouage, ali-foa-ahjc, sm. fuel, expense of 
fuel ; right of cutting forest-trees for fuel. 

Affouagement, ah-foo-ahje-mdug, sm. enu- 
meration of houses or fires. 

Affourcuer, ah-foor-shai, va. 1 r. to moor 
across, cross ; stride over. 

Affouragemext, ah-foo-raJije-mana, sm. 
provender, fodder, forage; food fur horses 
and other cattle. 

AFFOURAGER, ah-foo-rah-hjai , va. 1 r. to fod- 
der, leed cattle. 

Affraiciur, ah-frey'Skeer, vn. 2 r. to fresh- 
en, cool, grow fresh, strong. 

Affrancui, a!i fraii;/ -she, sm. freedman, 
slave manumitted. 

Affraxchie, ah-frang-shee, sf. freedwornan, 
Ac. 

Affraxchir, ahfrang-sheer, va. 2 v. to free, 
set free, deliver, disengage, exempt, pay 
postage. Affratichir une lettre, to frank. 

S'affi:anciuk, s\ih-f rang -sheer, vref. to get 
rid of, shake off, exempt, deliver one's self. 

AffRaxchisse.vext, all frang -shress mang , 
sm. freedom ; exemption, discharge, de- 
livery. 

Affkes, ahfr,- sfp. affright, terror, fright, 
great dread ; extreme fear. 

Affretemext, ah-frel-mang, sm. freight ; 
hire of a ship. 

Affreter, ah-frai-tai, va. 1 r. to freight, 
hire a ship. 

Affreteur, ahfrai-tur, sm. freighter, hirer 
of a ship. 

Affreusemext, ahfruhze-mang, ad. fright- 
fully, horribly. 

Affreux, -SE, ahfruhe, -z, adj. frightful, 
terrible, hideous. 

Affriander, ahfreanr/dai, ra. lr. to give 
dainties ; allure, entice, make dainty, bring 
up to dainties. 

S' affriander, s\ihfreang-dai, vref. to use 
dainties, accustom one's self to dainties, be 
fond of delicacies. 

Affrioler, ah-fre-o-tai, va. 1 r. to allure, 
entice ; flatter, persuade, coax with dain- 
ties, with kind, flattering, deceitful words. 

Affriter, ah-frt-(ai, va. 1 r. to season a 
new frying-pan with butter. 

Affront, ah'frong, sm. affront ; insult ; out- 
rage ; reproach. 

Affro.vte, -e, ah-fron/j-tai, -e, adj. opposite 
to, facing each other. 

AFFROXTER,"rt/i-/ro)i.7 -fan, va. 1 r. to affront ; 
face, encounter; provoke, offend, insult; 
cheat, cozen. 

Affroxteur, ah-frong-tur, sm. affronter; 
impostor, cheater, swindler. 

Affro.nteuse, ah-froiuj-luhze, sf. affronter, 
deceiver, swindler. 

Affublemf.xt, ah-feu-bluh-mang (vide obs. 
4, tab. Ac), Am. veil, cloak, muffler, wrapper. 

Affubler, ah-feu-blai (vide obs. 4, tab. &c), 
va. 1 r. to veil, muffle, wrap, hide, conceal. 

S'affueler, s' ah-feu-blai (vide obs. 4, tab. 
Ac), vref'. to veil, muffle, wrap, disguise 
one's self. 

Affusion, mk-feu-syong (vide obs. 4, fab. 
Ac), sf. affusion, pouring one thing upon 
another. 

AffOt, ahfeu (vide obs. 4, tab. Ac), sm. 
carriage of a cannon ; ambush, wait. 

AffCt(£tre a l'), eijlrah lah-feit (vide obs. 
4, tab. Ac), vn. irr. to lie in wait, watch, 
lurk ; bo placed in ambush. 



AffutaGE, ah-feu-tahje (vide obs. !, tab. 
Ac), sm. elevation, direction, level of a 
cannon; dressing; sharpening; setting; 
whetting ; set of tools. 

AffOter, ah-feu-tai (vide obs. 4, tab. Ac), 
va. 1 )•. to mount, level, direct a cannon ; 
sharpen tools. 

AffOtiau, -x, p. ahfeu-te-o (vide obs. 1, tab. 
Ac. ), am. gewgaw, toy, bauble, trifling 
finery, bagatelle. 

A FIN que, ah-faing-Jiuh, eonj. gov. subj. that, 
to the end that. 

Afin de, ah-faing-duh, pr. gov. inf. in order 
to, to. 

Aga, ahgah, sm. Turkish commander. 

Agacaxt, -e, ah-gah-sang, -t, adj. attractive -, 
enticing ; provoking, smart. 

Agace. ah-gOss, sf. shrew, babbling or 
wheedling woman ; magpie. 

Agacemext, (ihgass-viant/, sm. allurement; 
acidity ; provocation, irritation ; excite- 
ment. 

Agacsr, ah-gah-sai, va. 1 r. to set teeth on 
edge ; excite, provoke ; allure, entice. 

Agacerie, aJi-gahs-ree, sf. winning, attract- 
ive manner ; encouragement; levity ; pro- 
vocation. 

Agacix, ah -gah-saing, sm. excrescence, 
corn, horny tumor. 

S'agaillardir. s'ah-gali-yar-fieer, vref. 2 r. 
to get merry, cheerful, healthy, tipsy, bold, 
to freshen. 

Agapes, ahghap, sfp. love-feasts of the prim- 
itive Christians. 

Agapetes, altghah-pai/t, *fp. agapeta\ vir- 
gins living in sisterhood. 

Agaric, ah-ghah-reek,sm. agaric, mushroom 
drug used in physic and dyeing stuffs. 

Agate, ah-ghal, sf. agate; gilder's burnisher. 

Agatis, ah-gkah-tee, sm. field devastation, 
havoc by beasts. 

Age, iihje, sm. age, time, years, century ; 

_ youth, old age. 

Age, -e, ah-Xjai, -e, adj. old, stricken in 
years ; aged. Baa age, infancy. 

Agexce, ah-hjangss, sf agency ; commis- 
sion ; office of an agent. 

Agencement, ah-hjangss-manr/ , sm. order, 
disposition, arrangement, adjustment, com- 
bination. 

Agexcer, ahhjangsai, va. 1 r. to adjust, 
dispose, arrange, fit, set in order. 

S'AGEXCER, sUih-fijang stii, vref. to deck, 
trim, rig one's self; meddle, interpose olii- 
ciously.- 

Agenda, ah-hjaing-dah, sm. notes, remarks ; 
memorandum- book. 

Agexouiller, alije-non-yai, va. lr. to make 
one kneel, or go on one's knees. 

S'AGEXOUiLLER,.s'«/^>-/it>o-!/«i, vref. to kneel, 
bend, rest on the knee. 

Agf.nouilloir, ahje-noo-yoo-ar, sm. kneel- 
ing-stool, hassock, thick mat, low board. 

Agext, ah lijang, sm. agent, deputy, factor ; 
broker, director, agitator, manager. 

Agext de chaxge, ah hjang-duh shanghje, 
sm. exchange, stock broker. 

Agglomeration, ah-glo-mai-rah-syong, sf. 
agglomeration, mass, body, ball, colles-tion, 
crowd. 

Agci.omerer, ah-glo-mai-rai,va. 1 r. to col- 
lect, assemble ; gather up in a hall, as 
thread, snow; wind up, Ac. 

S'aggloiierek, s'ah-olo-mai-rai, vref. to 

19 



AGN 



AGE 



collect, assemble, throng, crowd together, 
troop, march in a body, 

Agglutinants, ah-gleu-te-nangJi, snip, ag- 
glutinants, unitive medicines, cohesive 
remedies. 

Aggi.utinatif, -ve, ah-gleu-te-na-teef, -v, 
adj. agglutinative, procuring agglutination. 

Agglutination, ah-gleu-te-naJi-eyong, sf. ag- 
glutination, union, cohesion. 

Agglutiner, ah-gleu-te-nai, va. 1 r. to agglu- 
tinate, unite one part to another, bind, con- 
solidate. 

Aggravant, -e, ahgrah-vang, -t, adj. ag- 
gravating ; provoking. 

Aggravation, ah-grah-vah-syong, sf. aggra- 
vation, provocation. 

Aggrave, ah-grav, sf. second monitor}-, 
church fulmination ; admonition, warning, 
threat. 

Aggravement, ah-grav-mang, sm. excite- 
ment, aggravation, swelling, augmenta- 
tion, increase of matter or fever. 

Aggraver, ah-grah-vai, va. 1 r. to aggra- 
vate, irritate, inflame ; provoke ; make 
heavy or worse. 

S'aggraver, s ! 'ah-grah-vai, vref. to increase; 
become heavy, grievous, painful, afflictive, 
insupportable. 

Agile, dh-hjeel, adj. agile, nimble, quick, 
active ; lively ; industrious. 

Agilement, uh-hjed-mang, ad. actively, 
nimbly, quickly, readily. 

Agilite, ah-hje-le-tai, sf. agility, nimbleness, 
quickness, activity. 

Agio, ah-hje-o, sm. exchange ; interest ; dis- 
count ; brokerage. 

Agiotage, ahJije-o-tahje, sm. stock-jobbing ; 
usury ; commerce. 

Agioter, ah-hje-o-tai, va. 1 r. to buy and 
sell in the funds, deal in the stocks; intrigue. 

Agioteur, ahhje-o-tur, sm. stock-jobber, 
dealer in the stocks ; intriguer. 

Agioteuse, ah-hje-o-tuhze, sf. intriguer, pro- 
curess, bawd. 

Agir, ah-jeer, va. 2 r. to act, do, deal, nego- 
tiate, transact ; sue, prosecute ; behave. 
Be quoi s'agit-il ? what is the matter? Agir 
contre quelqu'un, to prosecute at law. II 
s'agil de voire vie, your life is in clanger. 

AgiSSANT, -E, ah-hjee-sang, -t, adj. active, 
stirring, efficacious. 

Agitateur, ah-hje-tah-tur, sm. agitator ; fac- 
tionary, caballer, intriguer ; fomenter of 
factions. 

Agitation, ah-Tije-tah-syong, sf. agitation ; 
trouble ; uneasiness, perturbation ; impa- 
tience. 

Agiter, aTi-hje-tai, ra. 1 r. to agitate, actu- 
ate, move ; disturb, disquiet ; bandy, dis- 
cuss, controvert. 

S'agiter, s'ah-hje-tai, vref. to bustle, stir ; 
be uneasy, anxious, full of inquietude, be 
discussed. 

Agnat, ah-gnah, sm. collateral descendant 
of the male line. 

Agnation, ah-gnah-syong, sf. agnation, de- 
scent from the same father in a direct male 
line. 

Agneau, -x, p. ah-ing-yo-e (vide obs. 3, tab. 
&c), sm. lamb ; meek person ; innocent. 

Agnel, ah-ing-yell (vide obs. 3, tab. ifcc. gn. 
liq.), sm. ancient French gold coin. 

Agneler, nh-ing-i/uh-lai (vide obs. 3, tab. 
&c. gn. liq.), vn. 1 r. to yean, bring young. 
20 



Agnelet, ah-ing-yuh-lai (vide obs. 3, tab. 
&c. gn. liq.), sm, lambkin ; simpleton. 

Agneline, ah-ing-yvh-leen (vide obs. 3, tab. 
etc.), sm. lamb's wool, fleece of a lamb. 

Agnelins, ah-ing yai-laingh (vide obs. 3, 
tab. &c. gn. liq.), lambs' skins, wool of un- 
shorn lambs ; ancient French gold coins. 

Agnes, ah-ing-yess (vide obs. 3. tab. Ac), 
sf. modest, innocent young girl; simpleton. 

Agnus, ag-neuss (vide obs. 4, tab. &c), sm. 
relic, religious wax image representing a 
lam b. 

Agnus-CASTus, ag-neuss-l,assleuss (vide obs. 
4, tab. &c.), sm. the chaste tree, a shrub 
with pliant branches. 

Agonie, ah-go-nee, sf. agony ; death-bed ; 
great pain ; anguish ; distress ; affliction ; 
anxiety. 

Agonik, ah-go-neer, va. 2 r. to insult, out- 
rage, load with injuries, abuse, tire. 

Agonisant, -e, ah-go-nee-zang, -t, adj. dying, 
in the pangs of death. 

Agoniser, ah-gonee-zai, vn. 1 r. to agonize ; 
be dying in excessive pain ; to distract, tor- 
ment. 

Agrafe, ahgraff,sf. clasp, hasp, hook, han- 
dle, brace. 

Agrafer, ah-grah-fai, va. 1 r. to clasp, fas- 
ten, hook, shut with a hasp. 

Agraire, ah-grayre, adj. agrarian, relating 
to fields or grounds, to the division of land. 

AGRANDIR, ahgrang-deer, va. 2 r. to aggran- 
dize, extend, enlarge, lengthen ; raise ; ag- 
gravate. 

S'AGRANDIR, s'oh-grang-decr, vref. to widen, 
grow up, increase ; be enlarged, raised, 
promoted. 

Agrandissement, ah-grang-deess-mang, sm. 
aggrandizement, enlargement ; rise, pro- 
motion ; fortune. 

Agreable, ahgraiabl, smf. spark, gallant, 
beau ; belle ; pleasure. 

Agreable, ah-grai-abl, ad/, agreeable, pleas- 
ing, convenient, acceptable ; graceful, at- 
tractive, gentle. 

Avoir agreable, or tour agreable, uJl- 
voo-ar, poor, v. aux. to like. 

Agreablement, ah-grai-ah-blvh-mang, ad. 
agreeably, pleasantly. 

Agreer, ah-grai-ai, ra. 1 r. to approve, ac- 
cept, receive, allow; ratify; rig a ship. 
Agreez que je vous disc, give me leave to 
say. 

Agreer a, ah-grai-aij vn. \r. to please, 
like ; become, suit ; be agreeable, pleasing, 
acceptable. 

Agkeeur, ah-grai-itr, sm. dresser; rigger 
of a ship. 

Agregat, ahgrai-ghah, sm. aggregate, as- 
sembly, meeting, collection ; crowd, mass, 
multitude. 

Agregation, ah-grai-ghah-syong, sf. aggre- 
gation, association, conjunction, admission, 
confused heap. 

Agrege, ah-ejrai-hjai, sm. fellow, under pro. 
lessor, substitute ; union of heterogeneous 
or dissimilar parts. 

Agreger, ah-grai-hjai, ra. 1 r. to aggregate, 
associate, admit, receive, conjoin ; mnke 
an aggregation or aggregate. 

Agrement, ah-grai-mang, sm. agreement; 
agreeableness, advantage, pleasure, recrea- 
tion, amusement, consent, approbation , 
elegance ; ornament. 



AID 



AIG 



Agremens, ah-grai-manffh, amp. ornaments ; 
music, dancing, accompaniments ; charms ; 
trimming. 

Acres, ah gray, snip, rigging, tackling of a 
ship. 

ACRESSER, ah-gray-sai, va. 1 r. to aggress, 
attack, invade. 

AGBESSBUR, a/t-graysur, sm. aggressor, as- 
saulter, invader. 

Agression, ah-gray-syong, a/, aggression; 
assault ; invasion. 

Agreste, dh-grestt, adj. agrestic, rustic, 
wild, uncultivated ; uncivil ; sharp, sour, 
poignant. 

AgReteur, ah-grai-yur] sm. wire-drawer, 
spinner of wire. 

AGRtoULTEUK, ah-gre-Jceul-lur, sm. husband- 
man, farmer, cultivator. 

Agriculture, ah-gre-keul-teare, s/. agricul- 
ture, husbandry ; art of cultivation or 
farming. 

S'aGRIFfer a, s^ah-gre/ai, va. re/ 1 r. to 
fasten, cling to ; stick fast, lay hold of, 
claw. 

Agriote, ah-gre-ott, sf. egriot, wild cherry, 
black cherry. 

Agripper, ah -//re -pai, va. \r. to gripe, 
seize ; pilfer ; lay hold of, catch eagerly. 

Agro.vome, ah-gro-nom, sm. agriculturist ; 
writer on agriculture. 

Agrouper, ah-grao-pai, va. 1 r. to aggroup, 
assemble, huddle together, bring into one 
group. 

Aguerrir, ah-gay-re.er, va. 2 r. to train up 
for war ; inure to the hardships of war, dis- 
cipline. 

S'aguerrir, s'ah-gay -reer, vref. to grow 
warlike ; inure, accustom one's self to. 

Aguets (etke aux), eytr-oh-zah-gueye, to 
lie in wait, lurk, watch, observe, spy. 

Aguets (sete>"iraux), suh-tuh-ne.er-oh zah- 
gueye, to lie in wait, lurk, watch, observe, 
spy. 

Aguets (se jiettre aux), suh-metreoh-zah- 
gueyc, to lie in wait, lurk, watch, observe, 
spy. 

Ah, «7?, int. ah ! oh ! alas ! expressive of joy, 
grief, admiration. 

Aha.n, ah-ang, sm. labor, effort, trouble, 
pain ; toil, cry. 

Ahaner, ah-a'h-nai, vn. 1 r. to labor hard, 
toil, sweat, pant ; cry out. 

Aheurte, -e, ah-ur-tai, -e, adj. obstinate, 
wilful, perverse, stubborn. 

Aheurtement, ahurlt-mang, svi. wilfulness, 
stubbornness, obstinacy, perverseness. 

AHEURTER, ah-ur-tai, va. I r. to fix in a res- 
olution, make obstinate ; oppose, contra- 
dict. 

S'aheurter, s'ah-ur-tai, vref. to resolve, de- 
termine ; be stiff, obstinate, contrary, con- 
tumacious. 

A hi, ah-ee, int. oh ! oh dear! (expression of 
pain, grief, ic). 

Ahuri, -e, ah-eu-re, -e, adj. stupefied, ama- 
zed, stunned, scared ; giddy-brained, wild, 
unsettled. 

Ahukir, ah-eu-reer, va. 2 r. to astound, as- 
tonish, stun, scare, perplex, worry, strike 
all of a heap. 

Ai, en, 1 pers. sing. pres. ind. of avoir, have. 

Aide, aid, s/. aid, assistance, help, succor, 
relief, support ; chapel of ease. A Vaide I 
help, ho ! 



Aide, aid, sm. assistant, auxiliary, helper, 
colleague. 

Aide dk camp, aid-duh-kang, sm. aid-de- 
camp. 

Aide major, aid-7>iahhjor, sm. adjutant, 
petty officer. 

Aide de cuisine, aid - duh - ku - e - zeen, sm/. 
under-cook. 

Aide de chirurgien, aid -duh -she -rear' 
hjyaing (vide obs. 4, tab. &c), sm. sur- 
geon's mate. 

Aide a maqon; aid-ah-mah-song, am. mason 
or bricklayer's man. 

Aider, ay-dai, va. lr. to aid, help, assist, 
relieve, succor. 

S' aider, s' ay-dai, vre/. to assist, help, aid, 
relieve, succor one another. 

S'aider de, a' ay-dai, to make use of, help 
one's self to, make free with. 

Aides, ayd, s/p. aids, taxes, excise ; royal 
subsidies. 

Aie, ai, pres. subj. andimper. of avoir, have, 
may have. 

Aie, ahyuh, int. oh ! oh ! (exclamation of 
pain, sorrow, &c). 

Ai'EUL, ahyul, sm. grandfather, a father's 
or mother's father. 

Aieule, ah-yull, s/. grandmother, a father's 
or mother's mother. 

Aieux, ah-yuhe, smp. ancestors, forefathers, 
progenitors. 

Aigle, aygJ, sm. eagle ; man of superior ge- 
nius ; great genius. 

Aigle, aygl, sm. Germany : pulpit ; reading- 
desk in the Koman church. 

Aigle, aygl, s/. standard, such as Roman 
eagle ; imperial eagle. 

Aiglon, ay-glcmg, sm. eaglet, young eagle ; 
young eagle without beak and talons. 

Aigre, aygr, sm. acidity, roughness ; acri- 
mony, sharpness. 

Aigre, aygr, adj. acid, sour, rough ; ill- 
natured, severe, harsh ; brittle, shrill. 

Aigre de cedre, aygr-duh-mydr, sm. sher- 
bet, juice of lemons or oranges mixed with 
sugar and cedar juice. 

Aigre doux, -ce, ay-gruh-doo, -ss,adj. sweet 
and sour ; sharp and mild. 

AlGREFIN, -E, ai-gruh-/aing, -j'een, sm/. 
swindler, sharper, cajoler ; haddock. 

Aigrelet, -te, ai-gruh-lay, -t, adj. sourish, 
tart, acescent ; sharp. 

Aigrement, ay-gruh-mavg, ad. sharplj', se- 
verely ; rudely. 

Aigremoine, ay-grah-moo-aicne, a/, agrimo- 
ny, liverwort. 

Aigket, -te, ay-gray, -tt, adj. sourish, sharp ; 
shrill, piercing. 

Aigrette, -e, ay-grai-tai, -e, adj. tufted, tuf- 
ty, adorned with a tult. 

Aigrette, ay-grett, s/. egret ; tuft, bunch of 
feathers ; flowers ; diamonds ; shell. 

Aigreur, ay grar, .<■/". sourness ; sharpness ; 
acrimony ; severity, discontent ; spite, 
spleen. 

Aigreurs, ay-gruhre, s/p. heart-burning ; 
hatches too hard (in engraving). 

Aigrir, ay-greer, va. 2r. to sour ; afflict ; 
irritate ; incense ; exasperate. 

S' aigrir, s'ay-greer, vre/ to sour, grow sour, 
angry ; provoke, irritate one another. 

Aigit, -E, ay-gu, -e, adj. sharp pointed; 
acute ; shrill ; sharp • smart ; subtle ; vio- 
lent. 

21 



AIM 



AJO 



Aiguade, ay-ghad, sf. supply of fresh water 
ton board of a ship). 

Faiee aiguade, fare-ay-ghad, to take fresh 
water on board of a ship. 

Aiguaii,, ai-gah-e, sm. dew-drop. 

Aiguayer, ai-yai-yai, r«. 1 r. to wash, soak, 
water, rinse ; cool. 

Ai jue-marine, ayg-ma7i-reen, sf. aqua ma- 
rina ; beryl (a precious stone). 

Aigciere, ay-ghee-ayre, sf. ewer, basin. 

Aiguieueb, ai-ghee-ai- raie, sf. ewer-fall, 
basin-full. 

Aiguili.ade, ai-qu-e-yad. sf. goad, pointed 
in:t ument to drive oxen forward. 

AlJUILLE, ai -gu -e-yuh, sf. needle, bodkin, 
hand of a clock or watch, index ; spire. 

Aiguilles, ai-gu eyaie, sf. needle-full. 

Aiguili.er, ai-gu-e-ycri, va. Ir. to couch the 
cataract, cleanse silk with needles. 

Aiguillette, ai-gu-e-yeit, sf. tag; shoulder- 
knot; trimming; slice. 

Aiguii.leter, ai-gti-e-yiih-tai, va. 1 r. to tag, 
tie with tags or points, cut slices. 

Aigi'illktiek, ai-gu-e-yuk-tyai, sm. trim- 
ming, lace, tag maker. 

Aiguu.lier, ai gu-e-yai, sm. needle-maker ; 
needle-case. 

Aiguili.ox, ai. gu ■ e - gong, sm. sting, goad ; 
incentive, motive, spur. 

Aiguillonner, aic/u-e-yo-nai, va. \ r. to 
sting, goad, spur on, incite, animate, en- 
courage. 

Aiguisement, ai- ghee: -viang, sm. whet, 
sharpness ; incentive, refinement. 

Aiguiser, ai ghee-zai, va. 1 r. to whet, sharp- 
en ; incite, quicken, refine. 

S'aiguiser, s'ai-ghee-zai, vref. to get keen, 
sharp pointed; grow smart, witty, quick, 
ingenious, hungry, angry, sarcastic. 

Ail, aulx, p. ah-yuh, oe, p. sm. garlic, a 
strong scented and tasted bulb. 

Aile, ell, sf. wing, pinion; ale; aisle of a 
church; sweep of a windmill; protection, 
patronage. J'en ai dans Vaile, I am un- 
done. 

Aile, -e, ai-lai, -e, adj. winged, swift, nim- 
ble, active, rapid. 

Aileron, ail-rong, sm. pinion ; fin ; console ; 
shelf; ladle of a water-mill. 

Aili.ade, ah-yahd, sf. garlic sauce or ragout. 

Aille, ah-yuh, pres. subj. ot alter, may go. 

Ailleurs, ah-yurhe, ad. elsewhere, in an- 
other place. 

D'ailleurs, <i' ah-yurhe, ad. moreover, be- 
sides, over and above, otherwise. 

Aimable, ai-ma'il, adj. amiable, lovely, 
pleasing, agreeable. 

Aimablement, ai ■ mah - bluh - mang, ad. 
amiably, pleasingly. 

Aimant, ai-mang, sm. loadstone ; magnet ; 
attraction, allurement. 

Aimant, -e, ai-mang, -t, adj. lovingly, lovely, 
kind, affectionate. 

Aim ANTE, E, ai-mann-lni, -e, adj. magnetic, 
attractive; touched with a loadstone. 

Aimanter, ai-mang-lai, va. 1 r. to touch 
with a loadstone. 

Aimer, ai-mai, va. lr. to love, like, fancy ; 
dote upon ; be fond of. 

Aimer mieux, ai-mai-myuhe, ». to prefer, 
choose, like better, be willing rather. 

Aimer DE (SE FAIRE), suh-faire.-ai-mai, cv. 
to gain the love, favor, good will, esteem of 
another. 
22 



Aimer a. ai-mai, v. to delight, take or have 
pleasure in. 

S'aimer, s'ai-mai, vref. to love, like, be 
pleased with one's self. 

S'entk'aimer, s'uiujt > 'ai-mai, vref. to love, 
be fond of one another. 

Aine, ayne, '/.groin; rod to dry fish upon, 
leather joint in instruments. 

Aine, E, ey-nai, -e, sinf. adj. eldest, elder, 
first - born son or daughter ; brother or 
sister. 

ALnesse, ey-ness, sf. primogeniture, seniori- 
ty, eldership. 

Ainsi, aing-se, ad. thus, so, therefore, in 
consequence of this or that. II est ainsi 
fait, that is his temper. Ainsi soit-U, amen. 

Ainsi que, aing-se-kuh, conj. as — as ; as well 
— as ; so — that ; even as — so. 

Air, air, sm. air ; wind ; manner ; look, 
mien, gesture, action, gait, demeanor; 
song, tune. En I'air, extravagantly. 

Airain, ai-raimj, sm. brass ; impudence, 
boldness. 

D'airain. d'airaing, adj. brazen ; impudent, 
hard, unpitying. 

Aire, aire, sf. barn or thrashing floor ; ae- 
rie ; area ; superficies ; points of the mari- 
ner's compass. 

Aiuee, ai-raie, sf. sufficient number of 
sheaves laid down for thrashing, bain -floor 
full. 

Airer, airai, va. 1 ;•. to nest; make or build 
a nest, or an aerie. 

Ais. eyh. sm. shelf, board, plank ; pasteboard ; 
shingle ; screen. 

Aisance, ai-zangss, sf. ease, competency; 
wealth ; easy manners ; ready money. 

Aisa^ces, ai-sangsse, sfp. privy, place of re- 
tirement, water-closet. 

Aise, ayze. sf. ease, conveniency, leisure ; 
content, gladness, pleasure. Vous -ne serez 
pa« bien aise que je vous dise la re'rile, 30U 
will not like to have me tell you the truth. 

Aise (vivre a son), veevr-uh-sou-ayze, (pop. 
exp.) to live comfortably. 

Aise (£tre a. son), aytr-ah-sonayze, to be 
at ease, in easy circumstances. 

Aise (en prendre a. son), ang-prangdr-ah- 
son-ayze, (pop. exp.) not to trouble one's 
self about any thing. 

Aise (k'en prendre qu'a. son), n'ang- 
prangdr-lcnh-^on-aijze. (pop. exp.) not to 
put one's self out of one's way; not incom- 
mode one's self. 

A l'aise. ah-Vayze, ad. easily, convenient- 
ly, with ease. 

Aise, ayze, adj. glad, joyful, well-pleased, 
delighted. 

Aise, e, ay-zai, -e, adj. easy, convenient, 
commodious ; free, clear, natural ; rich, 
wealthy. Homme aise ii fucher, a passion- 
ate man. 

Aisement, ay-zai-mang, ad. easily, without 
trouble, conveniently, readily, freely. 

Aisselle, ay-sell, sf. arm-pit, arm-hole, cavi- 
ty under the shoulder. 

Aissette, ai-se/t, sf. hatchet, small axe, ad- 
dice ; cooper's hammer. 

Aissieit, ay-syuh, sm. axle-tree ; axis of a 
globe. 

Aitres or Etres, eyfr, snip, range, dispo- 
sition ; rooms, ways of a house. 

Ajonc, ah-hjonc, sm. thorny broom ; reed, 
rush, sedge. 



ALB 



ALE 



AJ0URE, -E, ah-hjoo-rai, -e, adj. exposed to 
light, cut out, transpierced. 

Ajournemext, ah-hjoom-mang,8iri. adjourn- 
ment ; delay ; citation ; appointment, as- 
signation. 

Ajourner, ah hjoor-nai, va. 1 r. to adjourn, 
summon ; appoint ; delay. 

Ajoutage, ah-hjoo-tahje, sm. additament, 
addition ; supplement. 

Ajocter, ah-hjoo-tai, va. 1 r. to add, in- 
crease ; augment, subjoin. 

S'AJOUTEK, is* ah-hjoo-tai, vref. to join, unite, 
associate with ; enter, be initiated in. 

A.JOUTOIR, ah-joo-too-ar, sm. spout, tube, 
fixed to another, jet of a fountain (vide 
obs. 6, tab. <fcc). 

A just age, ahhjeustaTije, sm. regulation or 
conformation of coins ; aftinage. 

Ajuste, -e, ah-hjeus-tai, -e, aulj. dressed ; fit- 
ted ; settled ; joined. 

Ajustement, ahlijeast many, sm. adjust- 
ment; dress ; agreement; reconciliation. 

Ajustemens, ah-hjeust-mangh, snip, dress, 
clothes, ornaments ; conveniences. 

Ajuster, ah-hjt tus-lai, va. 1 r. to adjust, fit 
up, dress ; adorn, embellish ; reconcile ; 
aim. direct ; tune. 

S'ajusteu, s'ah hjeus/ai, vref. to prepare, 
dress, suit one's self ; agree, be reconciled 
together. 

S'ajuster a, s 1 ah-hjeus-tai, vref. to suit, 
accommodate one's self to ; to time, to 
adapt to the time. 

Ajusteur, ah-hjeus-tur, sm. weigher, prepa- 
rer of metals for the die. 

Ajustoiu, ah-hjeus-too-ar, sm. money scales ; 
scales used to weigh unstamped metals (vide 
obs. 6. table of sounds). 

Ajutage, ahhjeu-taiije, sm. spout, tube, jet 
of a fountain. 

Alaise, ah-layze, sf. osier twig, used to tie 
branches with, board joined to another. 

ALAISER, ah lay-zai, M. 1 r. to polish, 
smooth, file ; bore, widen the bore of a gun. 

Alaiter, ah-lay-tai, va. 1 r. to suckle, give 
suck, nurse at the breast. 

Alambic, ah-lang-betk, sm. alembic ; still ; 
investigation, careful examination. 

Alambique, -e, ah-lang-be-kai, -e, adj. too 
subtle, refined, far-fetched. 

Alambiquer, ah-lang-be-kai, ra. 1 >'• to dis- 
til ; puzzle ; refine. 

S'alambiqukr, s'ah-lang-be-kai, vref. to pnz- 
zle one's brain ; refine loo much ; torment 
one's self. 

Alan, ah-lang, sm. mastiff, bear-hound, bull- 
dog. 

Alarguer, ah-lar-gai, vn. 1 r. to take sea- 
room, stand off, keep clear. 

Alarmant. -e, ah-lar-mang, -t, adj. alarm- 
ing, terrifying, surprising. 

Alarm e, ah-lanne, sf. alarm, sudden fear, 
apprehension, fright. 

Alarmek, ah-lar-mai, va. 1 r. to alarm, sur- 
prise, startle ; give or sound the alarm, dis- 
turb. 

S'alarmer, & ah-lar-mai, vref. to be alarmed, 
terrified ; take the alarm ; be frighted at. 

Alarmiste, ah-lar-meest, sm.. spreader, di- 
vulger, propagator of bad news. 

Albatue, al-bahtr, sm. alabaster ; fair com- 
plexion ; whiteness. 

Albekge, al-berhje, sf. early peach ; alberge, 

Albergier, al-ber-hjyai, sm. alberge-tree. 



Alrtque, al-beek, sf. soft white chalk, chalky 
substance. 

Albra.v, al-brang, sm. young wild duck. 

Albrene, al-brai-nai, adj. maimed, shat- 
tered, in a sad condition, speaking of a bird 
shot. 

Albreser, al-brai-nai, ra. 1 r. to go in quest 
of wild ducks, shoot wild ducks. 

Albugine, -e, al-beu-hje-nai, -e, adj. albu- 
gineous, resembling an alhugo, of white 
color. 

Albugo, al-beu-go (vide obs. 4.), sm. albugo, 
white spot upon the cornea of the eye. 

Album, albomm, sm. album, memorandum- 
book. 

Alcaoe, al-kad, sm. alcaid, judge or justice 
of the peace in Spain. 

Alcai'que. al-kah-eek, adj. alcaic, consisting 
of two dactyles and two trochees. 

Alcali, al-kah-le, sm. alkali, fermentative 
substance ; fossil salt. 

Alcalin, -e, al-kak-laing, -lt>en, adj. alka- 
line, having the qualities of alkali. 

Alcalisation, al-kah-le-eah-syoitg, sf. alka- 
lization ; act of alkalizating. 

Alcaliser, al-kah-le-zai, va. 1 r. to alkali - 
zate, make alkaline. 

Alcana, al-kah-nah, sm. alcana, Egyptian 
plant, yellow dye. 

Alchimie, al-shee-m.ee, sf. alchemy ; hermet- 
ical philosophy ; chimerical possibility of 
transmuting metals. 

Alchimique, al-she-meek, adj. alchemical, 
relating to alchemy. 

Alchimiste, al-she-meest, sm. alchemist, ov.e 
versed in the science of alchemy. 

Alcohol, al-ko-ol, sm. alcohol, highest rec- 
tification of spirit of wine. 

Alcoholiser, al-ko-o-le-zai, va. 1 r. to alco- 
holize, rectify spirits until wholly dephleg- 
mated. 

Alcoran, alko-rang, sm. alkoran, hook oi 
Mahometan precepts, Mahometan bible. 

Alcove, al-covp, sf. alcove, recess, part of a 
chamber in which is placed a bed. 

Alcvon, al-se-yong, sm. halcyon, kingfisher, 
kind of zoophyte. 

Alcyonien, -ne, al-s?yo-nyaing,-nyenn, adj. 
halcyon, placid, quiet, happy. 

Alderman, al-der-man, sm. alderman, mem- 
ber of the corporation of Loudon. 

Alectoiuenne, ahleck-to-ryKnn.sf. supposed 
stone in the liver of a cock, alectoria. 

Alegre, ahlaygr, adj. cheerful, brisk, nim- 
ble, ready. 

Alegrement, ahdaygruh-mang, ad. cheer- 
fully, briskly ; readily. 

Alegresse, ah-lai-gress, sf. joy, alacrity, 
mirth ; shouts of joy. 

A l'excontre, ah-Vang-lcongtr, ad. against ,- 
to the contrary, by. 

Alene, ah-layne, sf. awl, bodkin, pointed 
instrument to bore holes. 

Alerter, ahlainyai,sm. awl-maker ; sieve, 
bolter, searce. 

Alexois, ah-lai-moo-ah (vido obs. G, tab. 
&c), sm. garden-cresses. 

Alextir, ah-lang-teer, va. 2 r. to slacken, re- 
lax ; repress : make less quick. 

S'ai.entik. s' ah-lang-teer, vref. to slacken, 
relax, flag, neglect, be remiss, abate, 
languish. 

Alentour, ah-lang-loor, ad. around, round 
on every side, about. 

23 



ALT 



ALL 



Alentours, alt-lang-toore, smp. neighbor- 
hood ; places around ; friends ; courtiers ; 
inmates. 
Alepine, ah-lui-peen, sf. gall-nut ; silk and 

woollen stuff. 
Alerion, ah-lai-rynng, sm. spread eagle, 
without feet and beak. 

Alerte, ah-lertt, sf. sudden alarm ; warning 
of danger, watch, vigilance. 

Alerte, dA-lert, adj. alert, brisk, lively, vigi- 
lant, watchful. 

Alerte, ah-lert, ad. int. up, up 1 take care ! 
be upon the watch. 

Aleseu, ah-lai-zai, va. 1 r. to bore a cannon ; 
polish, Die. 

Alesoik, ahlaizoo-ar, sm. machine to bore 
cannons (vide obs. 6, tab. &c). 

Alestii:, ah-lees-teer, va. 2 r. to enlighten, 
ease, disburden, get rid of. 

Alette, ah-lelt, sf. small wing ; side ; jamb ; 
door post. 

Alevin, at-vaing, sm. young fry ; fish to 
stock a pond with. 

Aleviner, af-ve-nai, va. 1 r. to stock a pond 
with young fish. 

Alevjniek, al-ve-nyai, sm. small pond to 
breed fish. 

Aleu (franc), frangk-ahduh, sm. freehold; 
free tenure ; allodial lands. 

Alexandiun, -e, ahlffi-sanq-draing, dreen, 
adj. Alexandrine ; poetical measure of six 
feet. 

Alexiphar.miq.ue, ah-Jay-Jcse-far-mee7e, adj. 
alexipharmic, antidotal, driving away 
poison. 

Alezan, al-zang, sm. bayard, bay horse, sor- 
rel horse. 

Alezan, -e, al-zang, -n, adj. sorrel, cf a 
fawn color, bay. 

Aleze, ah-leyze, sf. small warm wrapper for 
sick persons ; small shelf. 

Alfange, al-fanghje, $/. species of lettuce 
planted in April. 

Algarade, al-ghah-rad, sf. insult, taunt, af- 
front, bravado. 

ALGEBRAiyuE, al-hjai-hrah-eek,adj. algebra- 
ical, relating to algebra. 

Algebue, al-hjayhr, sf. algebra, calculation 
by letters ; tiling difficult to comprehend. 

Algebriser, al-hjai-bree-zai, vn. 1 r. to study 
algebra ; speak or write upon algebra. 

Algebriste, al-hjai-breest, sm. algebraist, 
person acquainted with algebra. 

Algide, alhjeed, adj. f. algid, cold, chill, 
algific. 

Algitazil, al-gnn-ah-zeel, sm. alguazil, catch- 
pole ; bumbailiff. 

Algue, alg. sf. sea-weed, sea-grass washed 
ou the s:;nd. 

Alibi, ahlebc, sm. sing, alibi, absence from 
a place. 

Alibiforai>\ ah-le-he-fo-raing, sm. evasion, 
pretence, subterfuge. 

Alibile, ah-lebecl, adj. alible, nutritive, nu- 
tritious. 

Aliboron, ah-leho-mr.g, sm. ignoramus ; 
pretender, stupid ccr.ceited fellow, ass. 

Alichon, aJi-le-shortg, sm. mill dam, mill- 
cog ; cog, shelf. 

Alidade, a'.ile-dad, sf. quadrant, cross-staff, 
instrument 'A rr>2ns'irat;on and astronomy. 

Alienable, ah le-j/ai-nabl, adj. alienable, 
transferable, alterable. 

Alienation, ah-Uyainah-syong, sf. aliena- 



tion ; transfer, aversion ; madness, folly ; 
change, sale. 

Alie.ne, -e, ah-le-yai-nai, -<?, adj. mad, in- 
sane, lunatic. 

Aliener, ah-le-yai-nai, va. 1 r. to alienate, 
transfer, make over, estrange. 

S' aliener, s' ah-le-yai-nai, vref. to withdraw 
one's self; forfeit, lose. 

Alignement, ah-ling-mang, sm. line, level, 
row, lineation, laying by lines. 

Aligner, ah-ling-yai, to. 1 r. to level, regu- 
late, square, lay out bylines; adjust, polish, 
arrange. 

S'alinger, s'aJi-ling-yai, vref. to place, 
range one's self on a line ; form a line. 

Aliment, ah-le-mang, sm. aliment, food, 
nourishment, nutriment, supply. 

Ai.imens, ah-le-mangh, snip, alimony, main- 
tenance, subsistence, victuals, provision. 

Alimentaire, ahlemanglaii t, adj. alimen- 
tary, nutritious. 

Alimenter, ah le-mang-lai, va. 1 r. to feed, 
nourish, maintain. 

Ai.ime.nteux, -se, ah-le mang-ttihe, -z, adj. 
alimental, nutritive, alimonious. 

Alinea, ah-le-'nai-ah, sm. aiinea, begfming 
of a paragraph, liue drawn between two 
words. 

Alinettes, ah-le-nelt, sfp. rods used to dry 
or smoke fish upon. 

Alingcr, ah lainghjai, va. 1 r. to furnish, 
supply with linen. 

S'alinger, s'ah-laing-hjai, vref. to stock, 
supply one's self with linen. 

Aliquante, ahle.Jioo-angle. adj. aliquant, 
parts of a number, remainder. 

Aliquote, ah-le-kot, adj.f. aliquot, p»rt, di- 
vision of parts without remainder . 

Alises (vents), vanglizah-le-zaie,s>np. hade- 
winds. 

Aliter, ahde-tai, va. 1 r. to reduce •, confine 
to bed. 

S'aliter, s'ali-letai, vref. to keep file's bed ; 
go to bed, be bedrid. 

Ai.ite, -e, ah-le-tai, -e, adj. bedrid, confined 
to bed, in bed. 

Alkali, al-kah-le, sm. alkali, fe-mentive sub- 
stance ; fossil salt. 

Alkalisation, alkah-le zah-ryong, sf. alkii- 
lization, act of alkali/ati'ig. 

Alkaliser, al-kah-lezai, va. 1 r. to alkali - 
zate ; make alkaline. 

Alkerimes, al-kair-mess, sin. alkermes, con- 
fection of kermes be-ries. 

Allaises, ah-layze, sfp. railing, range of bars 
across a stream. 

Allaitement, ah-letl-mang, sm. lactation, 
giving suck. 

Allaiter, ah-lai tai, va. 1 r. to suckle, nurse 
at the breast, give suck. 

Allant, ah-lang, sm. goer, walker, visitor, 
rambler, active man. 

Allants, ah-tangh, smp. goers, ramblers, 
intruders, visitors ; vagabonds, beggars, 
rogues. 

Allant, -e, ah-lang, -t, adj. active, light, 
ready ; fond of gadding about. 

Allechement, ah-letthmang, sm. allure- 
ment, flattery, persuasion, seduction. 

Allecher, alt-lai-shai, va. 1 r. to allure, flat- 
ter, persuade, seduce. 

Allee, ah-laie, sf. alley, walk, entry, pas- 
sage ; going. 

Allees et venues, ahlaizai-vnve (vide 



ALL 



ALL 



obs. 4?, sfp. pains, steps, trouble taken in 
a transaction. 

Allegateur, ah-lai-ghah-tur, sm. alleger, 
affirraer, declarer. 

Allegation, ah-lai-ghah-nyong, sf. allega- 
tion, affirmation, declaration ; excuse, plea, 
defence. 

Allege, ah-layhjn, sf. lighter, tender, pon- 
ton ; prop, support, sill of a window, low 
wall. 

Allegeance, ah-lai-hjcmgss, sf. alleviation, 
comfort, relief; allegiance, lenity. 

Allege. me XT, ah-lahje-mang, sm. diminution 
of weight, alleviation, ease, relief. 

Alleger, ahlai-fijai, va. 1 r. to lighten, un- 
load, ease, relieve ; mitigate. 

ALLEGtR, an-iai-hjeer, va. 2 r. to lessen, un- 
load ; thin, diminish ; sharpen. 

Allegorie, al-lai-go-ree, sf. allegory, figu- 
rative discourse or picture ; fiction, image, 
figure, picture. 

Allegorique, al-lai-go-reel; adj. allegori- 
cal, figurative, imaginary. 

Allegoriquement, al-lai-go-reek-mang, ad. 
allegorically, after an allegoiieal manner. 

Allegoriser, al-lai-go-ree-zai, va. 1 r. to 
allegorize, turn into allegory, form aa alle- 
gory. 

Allegoriseur, al-laigo-reezur, sm. writer 
of bad allegories. 

Allegoriste, al-lai-go-reest, sm. allegorist, 
explainer of allegories. 

Allegre, al-laygc, adj. cheerful, gay, brisk, 
nimble, ready. 

Allegremext, al-lai-gruh-manj, ad. cheer- 
fully, briskly, readily. 

Allegresse, ah-tai-gress, sf.joy, alacrity, 
mirth ; shouts of joy. 

Allegro, allai-gro, sm. quick, lively, gay, 
brisk tune or movement. 

Allegro, al-laigro, ad. briskly, lively, 
merrily, with spirit. 

Ai.leguer, allai-gai, va. 1 r. to allege, ad- 
vance, cite, quote ; produce. 

Alleluia, allai-leu-yah, sm. allelujah, praise 
God, holy exultation, shouts of joy ; sorrel. 

Allemand, al-mang, sm. German tongue, 
the German. 

Allemande, al-mangde, sf. allemande, 
dance ; slow music ; German woman. 

Aller. ah-lal.vn. 1 irr. to go, be, march, set to, 
proceed ; conduce; fit; last. AVer h grands 
pas. to go very fast. Aller a (a cms, to grope 
along. Jl y va de voire vie, your life is at 
stake. Comment va votre sante? how is your 
health? 

Aller, ah-lai, sm. going, departure; resource; 
means; advantage ; expedient. 

Aller (S'e>"), ore/, to go, go away, go from ; 
be spent ; throw away; discard ; wear; run 
out ; melt ; evaporate, dissolve. 

Aller de (y), v. monop. to be concerned; be 
at stake. 

Aller (faire ex), comp. va. 4 irr. to take 
out ; hunt; drive, send away ; match. 

Aller (laisser), comp. va. lr. to give up, 
relinquish, let go. 

Aller a (se laisser), comp. vref. to yield, 
submit, give way to. 

Aller contke, on. to resist, oppose, forbid, 
prevent. 

Alleser, al-laizai, va. 1 r. to bore ; polish, 
file ; widen the bore of a cannon or gnn. 

Allesoir, aldai-zoo-ar ( vide obs. 6. tab. fcc), 
(2) 



sm. boring instrument ; piercer, borer, 
gimlet. 

Axled (franc), frangk-ahJuh, sm. freehold ; 
free tenure ; allodial lands. 

Alliage, ahlyahje, sm. allay or alloy, 
mixture, combination of metals". 

Alliance, ah-lyangsse, sf. alliance, connec- 
tion, union, mixture ; league, coalit 

Ai.i. ie, -e, ah-h/ai, -e, smf. ally, relation, con- 
federate, partner. 

Allie, -e, ah-lyai, -e, adj. related ; confeder- 
ate, united, allied. 

Allier, ah-h/ai, sm. net to catch birds, net 
for partridges, quails, <fcc. 

Allier, ah-h/ai, ia. 1 r. to ally, marry, 
unite, join, mix with. 

S' allier, s'nh-lyai, vref. to combine, unite 
with ; match ; confederate ; coalesce. 

Allies, ah-h/aie, snip, allies, people, states, 
confederates, associates. 

Alligator, al-le-ghah-tore, sm. alligator, 
crocodile, crocodile of America. 

Alliteration", al-le-tai-rah -sytmg, sf. allit- 
eration, repetition of the same inceptive 
letter. 

Allobroge, al-lo-brohje, sm. clown, bocr, 
rustic ; coarse ill-bred person. 

Allocation", ah-lo-kah-syong, sf. allocation; 
admission ; addition (to an account). 

Allocutiox, al-lokeu-syong, sf. allocution, 
speech, harangue ; medal. 

Allodial, -e, allo-dyal, adj. allodial, free, 
independent. 

Allodialite, al-lo-dyah-letai, sf. allodium, 
freehold, independent possession, free ten- 
ure. 

Allonge, ah-longhje, sf. eking-piece ; hook, 
chemical tube; pass or thrust with a rapier. 

Allon'GER, all-long -hjai, va. 1 r. to lengthen, 
prolong, stretch, spread; delay ; prorogue. 

S'allonger, s'ah-Iong-hjai, vref. to extend, 
stretch out. grow longer ; stretch one's self. 

AJAA>HGKXEST,ah-l(mghje-mang,sm. addition- 
al length ; supplement ; delay, protraction. 

Allocable, ah-loo-abl, adj. allowable, law- 
ful, grantable. 

Alloue, ah-loo-ai, sm. judge of a district ; 
journeyman, unprivileged workman. 

Allouer, ah-loo-ai. va. I r. to allow, indem- 
nify ; admit ; grant ; pass in account. 

Allocvi, -e, ah-loo-ve, -e, adj. voracious, 
ravenous, greedy, insatiable. 

Alluchox, ah-leu-shong. sm. cog, tooth, 
catch of a wheel (vide obs. 4. tab. &c). 

Allu.me, ah-leume, sf. firebrand, piece of 
wood kindled (vide obs. 4, tab. &c). 

Allumelle, ah-leu-mell, sf. blade of a knife, 
furnace (vide obs. 4, tab. &c). 

Allumer, ahleu-mai, va. 1 r. to kindle, 
light, inflame ; excite, raise, foment (vide 
obs. 4, tab. &c). 

S'allcmer, s'ah-leu-mai K vref. to kindle, 
break out ; be kindled, inflamed, take tire 
(vide obs. 4, tab.). 

Allcmette, ah leu-melt, sf. match, spunk, 
touchwood (vide obs. 4, tab. Ac). 

Allumeur, ah-leu-mur, sm. kindler, foment- 
er; incendiarv; lamp or candle lighter (vide 
obs. 4). 

Allure, ahleure, sf. gait, walk ; conduct, 
manner, way ; tread of a horse (vide obs. 
4, tab.). 

Allusion*, ah-leu-zyong, sf. allusion, hint, 
implication ; indirect praise or blame. 

25 



ALT 



AMA 



Alluvion, al-leuvyong, sf. .alluvion, wash; 
accretion ; increase of land by the water- 
side. 

Almageste, al-mah-h jest, sm. almagest, very 
ancient collection of astronomical observ- 
ations. 

Almanach, al-mah-nali, sin. almanac, cal- 
endar. 

Almandine, al-mang-deen, sf. almandine, 
coarse ruby. 

Aloes, ah-loo-ess, sm. aloes, precious tree, 
perfume ; medicinal juice. 

Aloetique, ah-lo-ai-teeh; adj. aloetical, 
sweet scented. 

Alogie, ah-lo-hjee, sf. alogy, absurdity, im- 
pertinence, unreasonableness. 

Aloi, ahlo-ah, sm. alloy, standard ; quality; 
condition; abatement, diminution (vide obs. 
6, tab. &c). 

Alors, ah-lor, ad. then, at that time; in that 
case ; therefore. 

Alose, ah-loze, sf. shad, kind of sea-fish com- 
ing up rivers. 

Aloser, ah-lo-zai, va. 1 r. to jrloze; flatter, 
wheedle, praise, extol, celebrate, magnify. 

Alouette, ah-loo-ett, sf. lark, small sing- 
ing bird. 

Alouette de mer, ah-loo-ctt-duh-maire, sf. 
sea-pie ; kind of fish. •* 

Alourdir, ah-loor deer, va. 2 r. to stupefy, 
hebetate ; make heavy. 

S'aloordik, s'ah-loor-deer, vref. to become 
heavy, dull, stupid, sottish. 

Alouvi, -e, ah-loo-ve, -e, adj. voracious, rav- 
enous, insatiable, wolfish. 

Aloyage, ah-loo-ah-yahje (vide obs. 6, tab. 
&c), sm. alloy, mixture, baser metal 
mixed in coinage. 

Aloyau, ah-Ioo-ah-yo, sm. sirloin of beef, 
short rib of beef (vide obs. 6, tab. &c). 

Aloyer, ah-loo-ah-yai, va. 1 r. to alloy, 
mix one metal with another, join; abate. 

Alpha, al-Jah, sm. first Greek letter ; be- 
ginning, commencement. 

Alphabet, al-fah-bay, sm. alphabet, letters, 
primer, horn-book, elements of speech, &c. 

Alphabetique, al-fah-bai-teek, adj. alpha- 
betical, according to the letters. 

Alphabetic* (jem en t, al-fah-bai-teek-mang, 
ad. alphabetically. 

Alpine, al-peen, adj. mountainous, hilly, 
belonging to the Alps. 

Alpiste, al-peest, sm. canary-seed, millet, 
canary-grass. 

Alpiou, al-pyoo, sm. stake, wager doubled 
at play. 

Ai.qcifoux, al-7ce-fooe, sm. blacklead, pot- 
ter's ore, sulphurate of lead. 

Alts ! alt, int. stop 1 hold ! enough! no more 
of that ! done ! 

Alter able, al-tai-rabl.adj. alterable, change- 
able, mendable. 

Alterant, -e, al-tai-rang, -f, adj. causing 
thirst ; producing changes, alterant. 

Alteratif, -ve, al-tai-rah-teef, -v, adj. al- 
terative, productive of a gradual change or 
operation. 

Alteration, al-lai-rah-sycmg, sf. alteration, 
adulteration, perversion, change, trouble, 
coolness ; counterfeit, diminution. 

Altercation, al-tttir-hahsyong, sf. dispute, 
contest, debate, controversy.' 

Altere,-e, al-tai-rai, -e, adj. thirsty; alter- 
ed, changed ; adulterated. 
26 



Altere, -e, al-tai-rai, -e, smf. greedy, cov- 
etous, griping miser. 

Alterer, al-tai-rai, va. 1 r. to alter, change, 
adulterate, debase ; pervert, corrupt, cause 
great thirst. 

S'altekeu, s'al-lai-rai, vref. to impair, cor- 
rupt oni's self; turn bad. 

Alternat, al-tair-nah, sm. alternacy, alter- 
nateness, action performed by turns. 

Alternatif, -ve, al-tair-nah-teef, -v, adj. 
alternate, reciprocal, mutual. 

Alternative, al-tair-nah-teece, sf. alterna- 
tive, option, choice. 

Alternativement, al-tair-nah-teev-mang, 
ad. alternately, reciprocally, by turns. 

Alterne. al-tairn, adj. altern, alternate, 
reciprocal, successive, acting by turns. 

Alterner, al-fair-m/i, va. and n. J r. to al- 
ternate, perform alternately; change things 
in turn. 

Alterquer, al-fair-kai, va. 1 r. to debate, 
dispute, contest, contend. 

Altesse, al-tess, sf. highness; title of princes; 
supremacy. 

Altiek, -e, aliyai, -re, adj. haughly, proud, 
lofty, arrogant. 

Altie;;e.\ient, al-tyayrc-mang, ad. proud- 
ly, haughtily, arrogantly ; with pride. 

Altimetre, al-te-maytr, sm. altimeter, quad- 
rant, cross-staff. 

Alti.metrie, al-le-mai-tree, sf. altimetry, 
mensuration of altitudes or heights. 

Altingat, al-taing-gah, sm. verdigris, rust 
of brass. 

Alude, ah-hude, sf. roan leather, colored 
sheep's leather (vide obs. 4, tab. &c). 

Aludel, ahleu-dell, sm. aludel, subliming 
pots. 

Alum or ALUX, ah-Iung, sm. alum, mineral 
salt, of an acid taste, sulphate of alumine. 

Alumelle, ah-leu-mell (vide obs. 4, tab.), sf. 
blade of a knife ; cassock without sleeves. 

Alumine, ah-ieu-meen, sf. pure clay, basis 
of alum. 

Alumiere, ah-leu-myayre (vide obs. 4, tab.), 
sf. alum mine, place where alum is 
wrought. 

Alumine ex, -se, ah-leu-rne-nuhe, -ze, adj. 
aluminous, consisting: of alum. 

Alunkr, ah-leu-nai, va. 1 r. to steep or dip 
in alum water (vide obs. 4. tab.). 

Alunii;re, ah-leu-nyayre, sf. alum manu- 
factory. 

Alveole, al-vai-ol, sf. socket of a tooth ; 
cell of a bee. 

Alvine, al-veen, sf. sea-wormwood, evacu- 
ation, discharge. 

Amabilite, ah-mah-be-le-tai, sf. amiability, 
loveliness, amiableness. 

Amadis, ah-maJi-deess, sm. end of a sleeve, 
cuff, ruffle ; shell. 

Amadote, ah-mahdott, sf. amadot, a pear. 

Amadou, ah-mah-dnoe, sm. tinder, spunk, 
touchwood, combustible fungus. 

Amadouement, ah-mah-dooe-mang,sm. cajo- 
lery, enticement, affected fondness. 

Amadouer, aJi-mah-doo-ai, va. 1 r. to flat- 
ter, caress, entice, wheedle, coax. 

Amadoueur, ah-mah-doo-ur, sin. flatterer, 
fawner, coaxer, tinder maker or dealer. 

Amaigri, -e, ah-mey-gre, -e, adj. wasting, 
lean, consumptive, emaciated. 

Amaigrir, ah mey-greer, va. 2 r. to make 
lean, diminish, lessen. 



AMB 



AME 



Amaigrir, ah-nifij-fjrcer, vn. 2 r to grow 
thin, lean, fall away. 

S'am.ugrir, s'dh-mty greer, vref. to dry up, 
shrink, diminish, waste, wither, pine away. 

Ahaigrissement, ah-iney-greess-mang, sm. 
emaciation, extenuation, waste, leanness, 
meagreness. 

Amalgamation, ah-mal-ghnh-mah-stjong, sf. 
amalgamation, compound, mixture. 

Amalgams, ah-mal-gham, cm. semi-metal, 
amalgam, metallic mixture ; union, mix- 
ture. 

Amalgamer, dh-mal-ghah-mai, va. 1 r. to 
amalgamate, conjoin, blend, mix. 

S'amalgamer, s'ah-mal-<]htth-mtii, vref. to 
unite, associate with, confederate. 

Amande, ah-mangde, sf. almond, kernel, su- 
gar-plum, piece of crystal cut like au al- 
mond. 

Amande, ali-mang-dai, sm. almond milk, 
drink made of pounded almonds and milk. 

Amandier, ah-mang-dyai, sm. almond-tree. 

Amant, -e, ahmcuig, -t, smf. lover, sweet- 
heart, suitor ; gallant, paramour. 

A.ma.nt delaisse, ah-mang-dai-lai-sai, sm. 
lovelorn, forlorn. 

Amante delaissee, ah-mangle-dai-lai-saie, 
sf. lovelorn, forlorn. 

Amaranthe, ah-mah-rangte, sf. amaranth, 
love-dower. 

Amaranthe, ah-ma7i-rangle, adj. amaran- 
thine, of amaranth color. 

Amaeiner, uh-mah-re-nai, va. 1 r. to man a 
ship taken; inure, accustom to the ;e.i. 

S'amakiner, s'uh-mah-re-n'ii, vref. to use, 
inure, accustom one's self to the sea. 

Amarque, ah- mark, sf. sea-mark, buoy, bea- 
con. 

Amarrage, dh-mah-rahje, sm. anchorage, 
mooring anchors ; ship-duty paid for an- 
choring in a port. 

Amarke, ah-mar, sf. cable, rope, tackle to 
fasten a ship. 

Amaf.rer, ah-mah-rai, va. 1 r. to anchor, 
fasten, moor a ship. 

Axarres, ah-inakre, sfp. cheeks, side-posts 
of a wind-beam or crane. 

Am as, ah-maft, sm. heap, pile, mass, collec- 
tion, crowd, mob. 

AXASSER, ak-mah-sai, va. 1 r. to amass, ac- 
cnmulate, heap up ; assemble, collect ; 
gather, store up. 

EPavasser, s'ah-mah-sai, vref. to increase, 
pile up ; meet, collect, associate, join. 

AmaSSETTE, ah-mah-sett, sf. scraper, spatula, 
spattle, painter's knife. 

Amateloter, ah-viatt-lo-tai, va. 1 r. to di- 
vide a ship's crew, alternate sailors, give 
each sailor a mate. 

S'amateloter, s'ah-matt-ln-tai, vref. to as- 
sociate, unite to, clear uncultivated lands. 

Amateur, -trice, ah-mah-tur, -ireece, smf. 
lover, admirer, virtuoso. 

Amatir, ah-mah-teer, va. 2 r. to deaden, dull, 
unpolish gold or silver. 

AMAUROSE, ah-mo-roze, sf. amaurosis, dim- 
ness of sight. 

Amazo.ve, (di-mah-znne, sf Amazon; warlike 
woman ; virago ; yellow parrot. 

Ambages, ang-bah-njess, sfp. ambages, pre- 
amble, circumlocution ; idle words, multi- 
plicity of words. 

Ambassade, av.g-bah-sad, sf. embassy; er- 
rand, message. 



Ambassadeur, ang-bah-sah-dur, sm. ambas- 
sador, envoy, deputy ; messenger. 

Ambassadrice, ang-bah-aah-drefve, sf. am- 
bassadress ; woman sent on a message. 
Ambesas, angb-zahss, sm. ambs-ace, double 
ace, aces, two aces. 

Ambiant, -e, ang-be-ang, -t, adj. ambient, 
surrounding, encompassing. 

Ambidextre, ang-be-dekfttr, s. anil adj. am- 
bidexter, ambidextrous ; double dealer, 
double dealing. 

Ambigu, ang-be-gu, sm. medley of dishes ; 
mixture ; olio, game at cards. 

Ambigu, -e, ang-be-i/u, -e, adj. ambiguous, 
doubtful, equivocal ; having two mean- 
ings. • 

Ambigcite, ang-be-gu-elai, sf. ambiguity, 
equivocation, doubtfulness ; duplicity of 
signification. 

AmbigiJment, ang-be-geu-mang, adj. ambig- 
uously, doubtfully. 

Ambitieusement, ang-be-st/uhzf-mang, ad. 
ambitiously, ostentatiously, pompously. 

Ambitieux, -se, aiig-be-syvhe, -ze, adj. am- 
bitious, ostentatious, covetous, greedy; 
high-minded. 

Ambition, ang-be-syong, sf. ambition, great 
desire, pride, emulation. 

Ambitionner, ang-'je-syo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
desire, seek, covet eagerly ; affect ; be am- 
bitious. 

Amble, amgbl, sm. amble, easy pace ; dainty 
walk. 

Ambler, ang-blai. vn. 1 r. to amble ; pace; 
move easily ; walk daintily. 

Ambleur, anff-bhtr, sm. officer of the king's 
stables; ambler, pacer. 

Ambre, ang-hr, sm. amber, sort of yellow 
gummy substance. 

Amdrer, ang-brui, va. 1 r. to perfume with 
ambergris. 

Akerette, ang-brett, sf. purple-sweet sultan; 
musk -pear ; amber-seed ; lnusk-majlows. 

Ambroisie, ar-g-broo-ah-zee, sf. ambrosia: 
exquisite food ; oak of Jerusalem ; food of 
the gods. 

Ambroisien,-ne, ang-hroo-ah-ssyaing,-syenn. 
adj. ainbrosian, exquisite, delicious. 

Ambulant, ang-tieu-lang, sm. exciseman ; 
tide-waiter ; stroller (vide obs. 4, tab.). 

Ambulant, -e, ang-beu-iang, -t, adj. roving, 
strolling, wandering, (vide obs. 4, tab.). 

Amoulatoire. ang-beu-lah-too-ar, adj. am- 
bulatory: fickle; wavering ; changeable. 

Ame, ahm, sf. soul, mind, spirit, ghost, life; 
heart ; breast ; conscience : person ; people. 

_ Bendre I'&me, to give up the ghost. 

Ame, ahm, sf. bore; valve ; sounding-board; 
motto, emblem ; small wood in the middle 
of a fagot. 

Ame, -e, ah-mai, -e, adj. well-beloved (term 
used in chancery). 

Amelioration, ah-mai-lyn-rah-syong, sf. 
melioration, improvement, amendment, 
advancement. 

Ameliorer, ali-uuii-h/o-rai, va. 1 r. to me- 
liorate, better, mend; improve; reform, 

S'ameliorer, a^ah-mai-lyn-rai, vref. to 
mend ; reform ; grow better. 

Ameliorissement, ah -ii:' i i-lyo-reess-nxmff, 
sm. improvement, amendment ; reform- 
ation. 

A-mkme. ah-meyme, ad. in one's power ; at 
one's option or choice. 



AMI 



AMO 



Amen, ah-menn, am. so be it ; so it is ; end. 

Amen a (dip.E), deer-ah-menn, v. 4 irr. to 
consent, agree, approve. 

Amen (jcsuu'a), hjeas-kah-ah-menn, ad. to 
the end. 

Amenagement, ah-mai-nahje-mang, ftrn. 
sale, retail ; partition, division of wood for 
fuel or building. 

Amenager, ah-mai-nah-hjai, ?'«. 1 r. tore- 
tail, sell wood for fuel, or timber for build- 
ing. 

Amendable, ah-mang-dahJ, adj. mendable, 
reparable ; corrigible ; finable. 

Amende, ah-mangd,sf. flue, penalty; mulct; 
forfeit. 

Amende honorable, ah-mangde-o-rto-rabl, 
sf. reparation of honor; public acknowl- 
edgment of injury. 

Amen dement, ah-mangd-mang, sm. amend- 
ment, improvement ; modification; reform; 
manure. 

Amender, ah-mang-dai, va. 1 r. to amend, 
correct, rectify, meliorate ; fine; manure. 

S'amender, s'ah-mang-dai, vref. to improve; 
reform ; grow better ; correct one's self. 

Amene, ah-muh-nai, sm. summons, call of 
authority ; citation ; order to appecr. 

Amener, ah-muh-nai. va. 1 r. to bring, con- 
duct ; introduce ; cause ; induce ; yield, 
bring to. 

Amenite, ah-mai-netai, sf. amenity ; pleas- 
antness ; agreeableness. 

Amenite de caractere, — dnhkah-rak- 
laire, sf. sweetness, mildness, gentleness 
of disposition. 

Amenite de style, — duh-steel, sf. fiorid- 
ness, elegance of style. 

Amenuiser, ah-mai-neu-ee-zai, va. 1 r. to 
plane, diminish, lessen, thin, reduce. 

Amer, ah-mair, sm. gall, bitterness; bitter 
remedies, bitters. 

Amer, -e, ah-mayr, -e, adj. bitter; cruel; 
severe; painful, grievous, calamitous; sa- 
tirical ; hurtful. 

Amerement, ah- may r- man (j, ad. bitterly, 
painfully, grievously, cruelly, severely, 
calamitously, satirically. 

Amers, ah-mayre, snip, beacon, sea-marks, 
light-house. 

Amertume, ah-mayre-leume, sf. bitterness, 
affliction; malice, hatred ; severity; satire. 

Ametiiyste, ah-mai-tee.it, sf. amethyst ; sm. 
humming-bird, sort of colibri. 

Ameublement, ah-muhbl-mang, sm. furni- 
ture ; goods ; movables. 

Ameitblir, ah-muhe-bleer, va. 2 r. to con- 
vert into movables, to stock a farm. 

Ameublissement, aJi-muhe-bleess-mang, sm. 
conversion into movables, stock. 

Ameulonner, ah-muhe-lo-nai, ra. 1 r. to 
stack, heap, pile up corn, hay, &c. 

Ameutement, ah-muhte-mang, sm. mob, se- 
dition, crowd, popular commotion ; pack 
of hounds. 

Ameuter, ah-muhe-tai, ra. 1 r. to raise, col- 
lect, stir, excite a mob; forma pack of 
hounds. 

S'amkuter, s'ah-muhr-fai, vref. to assemble, 
collect, crowd ; conspire ; riot. 

Ami, -e, ah-me, smf. friend ; well-wisher ; 
sweetheart ; companion. 

Ami, -e, ah-mr, -e. adj. friendly ; propitious; 
favorable, kind, courteous ; salutary ; 
beneficent. 
28 



A-mi, ah-me, ad. amid, half, in the middle, 
amidst. 

Amiable, ah-myabl, a<lj. friendly, kind, 
mild, gracious, amicable, gentle. 

A l' amiable, ah-V ah-myabl, ad. amicably, 
in a friendly manner. 

Amiablement. ah-mya-bluh-mang, ad. ami- 
cably, in a friendly manner. 

Amiante, ah-my angle, sm. asbestos; incom- 
bustible cloth in which were burnt the dead. 

Amioal, -e, ah-me-kal, adj. amicable, cour- 
teous, kind, friendly; attentive. 

Amicalement, ah-me-hal-mang , ad. amica- 
bly, courteously ; in a kind manner. 

Amict, ah-me, sm. amice; part of a Romish 
priest's habit. 

Amidon, ah-me-dang, sm. starch ; stiffness; 
prudery, affectation. 

Amidonner, ah-me-do-nai,ra. 1 r. to starch, 
stiffen with starch. 

Amidonnier, ah-me- do-nyai, sm. starch 
manufacturer, maker, vender ; starcher. 

Amie, ah-mee, sf. female friend, mistress ; 
sweetheart. 

Amincir, ah-maing-seer, va. 2r. to thin, di- 
minish, weaken ; become thin. 

AminCISSEMENT, ah- maing-seess -viang , svi. 
attenuation, diminution, thinness. 

Amiral, -ACX.pl. ah-meral, -oe, sm. admi- 
ral, chief commander of a fleet ; ship. 

AMIR ale, ah-me-ral, sf. admiral's galley; 
admiral's lady. 

Amirante, uh-me-rangle, sm. Spanish ad- 
miral ; amirant. 

Amiraute, ah-me ro-tai, sf. admiralty; ad- 
miralship ; navy-office. 

Amissibilite, ah-me-se-be-le-tai , sf. possibi- 
lity of loss, loss. 

Amissible, ah-me-seelil, adj. losable, subject 
to privation. 

Amitie, ah-me-tyai , sf. amity, friendship, 
kindness ; tenderness, favor ; sympathy. 

Amities, ah-me-tyaie, sfp. welcome; caresses; 
compliments. 

Amman , ah-mang, sm. chief Swiss magistrate 
of a canton ; title of honor. 

Ammi, ah-me, sm. bishop's weed (a plant). 

Ammoniac, ah-mo-nyack, sm. salt ammoniac; 
gum ammoniac. 

Ammoniac, -qce, ah-mo-nyack, adj. ammo- 
niac. Gomme ammoniaque, gum ammo- 
niac. 

Ammoniacal, -e, ah-mo-nyah-hil, adj. am- 
moniacal ; of the nature of ammoniac salt. 

Amnistie, am-neess-tee, sf. amnesty, general 
pardon ; act of oblivion. 

Amnistier, amneess-tyai, va. 1 r. to pardon, 
grant a general pardon. 

Amoindrir, ah-moo-ai/ig-dreer, ra. 2 r. to 
diminish, thin, lessen, abate; be impaired. 

S' amoindrir, s'ah-mno-aing-dreer, vref. to 
lessen, sink, diminish, abate, decay. 

Amoindrissement, ah - moo - aing - dreest 
mang,sm. diminution, decrease, abatement, 
decay. 

A moins de, ah-moo-aing-duh, pr. for less, 
under ; conj. lest, for fear. 

A moins que, ah-moo-aing-kwi, conj. unless, 
except that. 

Amollir, ah-mn-Jeer, va. 2 r. to soften; 
move, appease, pacify ; enervate, effemi- 
nate. 

S' amollir, s'ah-mo-leer, vref. to become or 
get soft, kind, effeminate, enervated. 



AMP 



AMY 



Amollissement, ah-mb-leess-mang, sm. soft- 
ness ; effeminacy ; pusillanimity. 
Amomk, ahmomm, sm. amomuin ; fruit or 

drug of an Indian tree. 
AMOMKLKk, ah-mongsa-lai, va. 1 r. to heap, 

pile, set, or lay up, accumulate, hoard. 
S'amonceler, s'ah-mongss-lai, oref. to unite 

in one mass ; join. 
Amo.vcellement, uh-mnng-stfl-mang, sm. 
heap, pile, accumulation, hoard. 

Amo.nt, ah-mong, ad. eastward ; upwards ; 

up the current. 
Tent d'.oioxt, vang-d' ah-mong, eastern- 
wind, east wind. 

Amorce, ah-morss, sf. bait, allurement, 
decoy, prime. 

AMORCER, ah-mor-sai, va. 1 r. to bait, allure, 
entice, tempt, decoy; prime; train. 

Amoi:c 01 R,aA-mor-.<.oo-a)-,«/i. wimble, auger. 

Amoroso, ah-mo-ro-zn, ad. (Ital.) tenderly, 
lovingly, passionately. 

Amoktir, ah-mor-teer, ra. 1r. to quench, 
abate, deaden, extinguish, weaken, soften, 
appease, redeem. 

S'amortir, s'ah-mor-ieer, vref. to abate, de- 
crease, sink, grow weak. 

Amortissable, ah-mor-te-sabl, adj. redeem- 
able, capable of being redeemed. 

Amortizement, ah-mar-teess-mang, sm. 
amortizement ; mortmain ; abatement. 

Amour, ah-moor, sm. love, affection, passion, 
desire ; lust. 

Amour propre, ah-moor -propr, sm. self- 
love, selfishness. 

Amours, ah-moore, smp. Sports, Smiles, and 
Graces (the attendants of Venus). 

Amours, ah-moore, sfp. intrigue, amour; 
gallantry ; mistress ; flame. 

Amour de (pour l'), poord'ah-moor-duh, ad. 
expr. for the sake of, &c. 

Amouracher, ah-moo-rah-shai, va. \r. to 
flirt, coquet ; engage in a foolish intrigue. 

S'amouracher, .J ah-moo-rah-shai, vref. to 
be smitten ; fall in love. 

Amourette, ah ■ moo - rett, sf. love affair; 
amour, intrigue. 

Amoureusement, ah-moo-ruhze-mang, ad. 
amorously, lovingly, fondly, with affection. 

Amoureux, -se, ah-moo-ruhe, -rvihze, snif. 
lover, sweetheart ; gallant; admirer; beau, 
belle. 

Amoureux, -se, ah-moo-ruhe, -ruhze, adj. 
amorous, fond of, enamored ; given to love. 

AM0VI3ILITE, ah-mo-vebe-Je-tai, sf. possibili- 
ty of removal. 

Amovidle, ah-mo-veehl, adj. movable, por- 
table, removable. 

Amphibie, ang-fe-bee, smf. amphibious ani- 
mal ; time-server, mean compiler. 

Amphibie (c'est un), s' ey-Vun-ang-fe-bee, he 
or she is a time-server ; a double-dealer. 

Amphibie, ang-fe-bee, adj. amphibious, living 
in two elements ; compliant, time-serving. 

Amphibologie, ang-fe-bo-Jo-hjee, sf. amphi- 
bology, homonymy, ambiguity ; equivoca- 
tion, double-meaning, 

Amphibologique, a, ii/ -fe - bo - 1>> - hjeek, adj. 
amphibological, doubtful, obscure, ambig- 
uous, homonymous. 

Amthibologiquement, ang - fe -bo -lo - hjeelc- 
mang, ad. amphibologically, doubtfully, 
ambiguously. 

Amphigouri, ang-fe-goo-re, sm. nonsense; 
foolish discourse ; trifles ; absurdity. 



Amphigourique, ang-fe-goo-reek, adj. bur- 
lesque, nonsensical ; unmeaning ; foolish ; 
obscure ; affected. 

Amphitheatre, ang-fe-tai-ahtr, am. amphi- 
theatre; first gallery, place with circular 
seats above one another. 

Amphore, ang for, sf. vase with two handles, 
ansated vase ; measure of liquids. 

Ample, angpl, adj. ample, long, wide ; dif- 
fuse ; full; spacious, capacious, extensive. 

Amplement, ang-pluh-mang, ad. amply, ful- 
ly, widely, largely ; diffusively ; liberally. 

Ampleur, ang-plur, sf. ampleness, fulness, 
width ; length ; size ; extent. 

Ampliatif, -ve, ana -pie -yah -teef -r, adj. 
complicating, extending, enlarging, in- 
creasing, adding. 

Ampliation, ang-ple-yah-si/ong, sf. amplia- 
tion, enlargement ; duplicate, exaggera- 
tion ; adjournment. 

Amplier, ang-pJe-yai, va. 1 r. to ampliate ; 
enlarge ; extend ; adjourn ; delay ; exag- 
gerate ; defer. 

Ajiplificateur, ang-ple-fe-lmli-tur, sm. am- 
plifier, enlarger; diffuse writer. 

Amplification, ang-ple-fe-kah-syong, sf. 
amplification, exegesis, extension, enlarge- 
ment, diffusedness. 

Amplifier, ang-ple-fyai, va. \r. to ampli- 
fy, diffuse, extend, increase, enlarge, ex- 
aggerate. 

Amplitude, ang -ple-lende, sf. amplitude, 
horizontal extent ; width, size, greatness ; 
abup dance. 

Ampoule, ang-pnoU, sf. bubble, blister, ves- 
sel ; pustule ; vial. 

Ampoule, -e, ang-poo-lai, -e^adj. bombastic ; 
swelled up ; high-flown; pedantic. 

Ampoulette, ang-pon-lett, sf. hour-glass on 
board of a ship ; stick of a sky-rocket ; peg. 

Amputation, ang-peu-tah-syong, sf. amputa- 
tion, cutting off, separation (vide obs. 4). 

Amputer, ang-peu-tai, va. 1 r. to amputate, 
cut off; lop, prune; chop off (vide obs. 4). 

Amulette, ah-meu-lett, sf. amulet ; charm ; 
talisman ; spell (vide obs. 4, tab.). 

AMUNITIONNER, ah-men-ne-syo-nai, ra. lr. 
to victual, provide, store with provisions. 

Amure, ah-meure, sf. fastening, rope ; string, 
cord. 

Amurer, ah-meii-rai, va. 1 r. to moor ; tie, 
fasten ; stretch a rope, cable, <te. (vide 
obs. 4). 

Amusant, -e, ah-meu-znug, -t, adj. amusing, 
amusive, diverting, agreeable, entertaining, 
pleasing. 

Amusement, ah - meuze - mang, sm. amuse- 
ment, diversion, recreation, pleasure, enter- 
tainment. 

Amuser, ah-meu-zai, va. 1 r. to amuse, di- 
vert ; entertain ; ease; stop; deceive ; dis- 
tract; feed with (vide obs. 4, tab.). Amu- 
ser If tapis, to talk to no purpose. 

S'AMUSER, s'ah-meu-zai, vref. to amuse, di- 
vert one's self; loiter, trifle, spend, fool 
one's time away (vide obs. 4, tab.). S'amu- 
ser a rdisonner de, to stand arguing. 

Amusette, ah-meu-eeft, »f amusing toy, 
trifle, childish play or amusement ; small 
fire-arms. 

Amuseur, ah-meu-zur, sm. amuser, trifler; 
deceiver; seducer; cheat (vide obs. 4). 

Amvgdales, ah-mee<i-<lal,sfp. tonsils, glands, 
kernels, one on each side of the throat. 

29 



ANA 



ANC 



An, ang, sm. year, twelvemonth, twelve so- 
lar, thirteen lunar months. II y a un an, 
a year ago. Tous les ana, every year. 

An (jour de l'j, hjaor-duh-l'ang, new-year's 
day, beginning of tbe year. 

An bissextil, ang-he-sek.s-tetl, leap-year, or 
every fourth year, when February has 
29 days. 

An (par), par-ang, ad. expr. per annum, 
yearly, annually. 

Ans, uiif/h, smp. age, years, centuries ; time ; 
old age, past times. 

Ana, ah-nah, sm. ana, collection of sayings ; 
thoughts ; fragments ; equal mixture. 

Anabaptisme, ah-nah-bah-teessm, sin. ana- 
baptism, heresy of some Christians. 

Anabaptiste, ah-nah-hah-teest, smf. anabap- 
tist, a maintainer of baptism being admin- 
istered only at the age of reason. 

Anacamptique, ah-nah-kang-pteek, adj. aua- 
camptic, reflecting or reflected. 

Anacathartiqce, ah-rtah-Jeah-tar-teeJc, adj. 
anacathartic, expectorative, promoting ex- 
pectoration. 

Anachorete, ah-nah-ko-rett, sm. anachorite, 
hermit ; beadsman ; recluse, solitary person. 

Anaciironisme, ah-nah-lcro-neessni, sin. 
anachronism, error in computation. 

ANACREONTKiUE, ah-nah-kraiong-tcek, adj. 
anacreontic. 

Anagogie, ah-nah-ffo-hjee, sf. ecstasy, rap- 
ture, transport, elevation of soul. 

Anagogique, ah nah-go-hjeek, adj. mysti- 
cal ; emblematical ; secret, obscure. 

Anagrammatiser, ah-nah-grah-malt-tee-zai, 
va. n. 1 r. to anagramniatize, make ana- 
grams. 

Anagrammatiste, aTi-nah-grah-mah-teest, 
smf. anagrammatist, maker of anagrams. 

Anagramme, ah-nah-gramm, sf. anagram, 
transposition of the letters of one name into 
another. 

Analectes, ah-nah-lecld, smp. select pieces, 
chosen fragments of authors ; scholar or 
learned man. 

Analeme, ah-ndh-leyme, sm. azimuth, pro- 
jection of the sphere on the solstitial co- 
lures. 

Analepsie, ah-nah -Up -see, sf. recovery, 
restoration from sickness. 

Analeptique, ah-nah-lep-teek, adj. analep- 
tic, restorative, comforting, corroborating. 

Analogie, ah-nah-lo-hjee. sf. analogy, rela- 
tion, proportion, resemblance, coincidence, 
convenience. 

Analogique, ah-ndh-lo-hjeek, adj. analogi- 
cal, proportional, similar, homogeneous. 

Analogiquement, ah nah - Jo - hjeeJc - many, 
ad. analogically, proportionally. 

Analogisme, ah-nah-lo-hjeessm, sm. analogi- 
cal comparison ; argument on the effect 
from the cause. 

Analogue, ah-nah-logg, adj. analogous, 
parallel, having the same proportion. 

Analyse, ali-nah-leeze, sf. analysis, solution 
of compounds into their primitive elements. 

Analyser, ah-nah lee-zai, va. \r. to ana- 
lyze, decompose ; resolve into primitive 
principles. 

Analyste, ah-nah-leest, sm. analyzer; re- 
solver ; critic. 

Analytique, ah-fiah-le-teeJc, adj. analytical, 
solved or soluble into its primitive prin- 
ciples. 

30 



Analytiquesient, ah-nah-le-ieek-mang, ad. 
analytically, by analytical means. 

Anamnestique, ahnahm-nes-leek, adj. phys- 
ical strengthener of memory. 

Anamorphose, ah-nah-mor-foze, sf. anamor- 
phosis ; deformation ; perspective projec- 
tion representing perfect objects at a dis- 
tance. 

Ananas, ah -nah-nahh, sm. ananas, pine- 
apple. 

Anapeste, ah-nah-pest, sm. anapest ; poeti- 
cal foot of two short syllables and one long. 

Anaphore, ah-nah-for, sf. anaphora, repe- 
tition of the same word at the beginning of 
every sentence or clause. 

Anarchie, ah-nar-shee, sf. anarchy ; confu- 
sion, misrule, state without head, without 
rule. 

Anarciiique, ah-nar-sheek, adj. anarchie, 
anarchical, confused ; without head, with- 
out rule. 

Anarchiste, ah-nar-sheest, sm. anarch ; fac- 
tionary ; disturber of public peace or order. 

Anasarque, ah-nah-sark, sf. anasarca, uni- 
versal dropsy that absorbs all the pituitous 
humors. 

Anastrophe, ah-nah-strojf, sf. anastrophe, 
inversion of words. 

Anathematiser, ah-nah-tai-mah-tee-zai ', va. 
1 r. to anathematize, accurse, excommuni- 
cate. 

A.NATHEME, ah-naK-teyme, sm. anathema, 
excommunication, curse, execration ; per- 
son excommunicated. 

Anatocisme, ah-nah-toseexsm, sm. anato- 
cism; accumulation of interest ; compound 
interest. 

Anatomie, dh-nah-to-mee, sf. anatomy ; dis- 
section ; discussion ; analysis ; research. 

Anatomique, ah-nah-to-meek, adj. anatomi- 
cal, relating to anatomy. 

Anatomiquement, ah - nah - to - merle - mang, 
ad. anatomically, in an anatomical manner. 

Anatomises, ah-nah-to-mee-zai, va. 1 /•. to 
anatomize, dissect ; investigate ; analyze ; 
dive into. 

Anatomiste, ah-nah-to-meest, sm. anatomist; 
investigator ; analyzer. 

A natron, ah-nah-trong, sm. nitrous salt, 
Egyptian salt. 

Ancetres, ang-seytre, smp. ancestors ; fore- 
fathers ; predecessors. 

Anche, angche, sf. reed or pipe of a wind- 
instrument ; milier's scuttle. 

Anchiflure, ang-the-fieure, sf. worm-hole' 
in a plank, &c. (vide obs. 4, tab. <tc). 

Anchois, ang-shoo-ah, sm. anchovy, little 
sea-fish used for sauce. 

Ancien, ang-syaing, sm. elder, senior ; pres- 
byter. 

Ancien, -NE, ang-syaing, -syenn, adj. an- 
cient, old, late, of long duration ; past, 
former. 

Anciennement, ang-syenn-mang, ad. an- 
ciently, formerly;' in past times ; of old 
in old times. 

Anctennete, ang-syenn-tai, sf. ancientness, 
antiquity, ancientry, priority ; seniority. 

Ancile, ang-seel, sm. sacred shield ; target, 
buckler. 

Ancrage, ang-Jcrahje, sm. anchorage ; ground 
to cast anchor ; duty paid for anchoring. 

Ancke, angkr, sf. anchor ; shift ; refuge 
last resource ; brace in the form of S. 



ANE 



ANG 



Ancrer, ang-krai, vn. to anchor ; lie at, 
cast anchor ; stop at ; rest on. 

S' ancrer, & 1 ang-krai, vref. to settle, fix one's 
self; get footing in. 

ANCRURE, ang-kreure, sf. little plait, fold, or 
double in cloth (vide obs. 4, tab. &c). 

Andain, ang-daing, am, grass mowed at one 
stroke of the scythe ; layer, row, line. 

ANDANTE, ang-dang-tai, sin. moderate move- 
ment; ad. progressively, moderately. 

Anpanti.no, ang-daug-tee-no, sin. movement 
more quick than that of andante. 

Andouille, ang-doo-jfuh, sf. sausage, large 
gut filled with hog's flesh or guts minced 
very small. 

Andouille de tabac, ang-doo-yuh-duh-tali- 
bah, sf. roll of tobacco. 

Andouiller, ang-doo-yai, sm. antler, branch 
of a stag's or deer's horn. 

Andouillette, ang-doo-yeit, sf. small sau- 
sage, small gut filled with forced meat, 
small roll, tail. 

Andiieolithe, ang-drai-o-leet, white hya- 
cinth. 

Am>&OGYNE,ang-dro-7ijeen. adj. androgynal, 
hcnnaphroditical, partaking of both sexes. 

Androide, ang-dro-eed, sm. automaton ; 

_ moving and speaking machine. 

Ane, ahnn, ,<im. ass; dolt; stupid, heavy, 
dull fellow ; blockhead ; scaffold. 

Ane (co<1 a l'), kok-ahl'ahnn, sm. nonsense, 
discourse with neither head nor tail ; bom- 
bast, fustian. 

Ane (conte de peau d'), kongteduh-po- 

^d'hJinn, sm. tale of a tub, grandam's story. 

Anes (pont aox,) pongto-zahae, sin. easy 
thing to learn or understand, &c. 

ANE ROCGE (MECHANT COMME UN), mai- 

shang-koin-unn-'ahn-roohje, adj. m. very 
■wicked, bad. 

Ane debate (il va comme un), iU-vah- 
kom-iinn-'ahii-dai-bah-tai, (prov.) he walks 
very fast 

Aneantir, ah-nai-ang-teer, va. 2 r. to anni- 
hilate, destroj-, annul, reduce to nothing, 
render useless. 

.--'aneantir, s'ah-nai-ang-feer, vref. to hum- 
ble one's self; be reduced, destroyed, 
brought to nothing. 

Aneantissement, ah-nai-ang-teess-mang, 
sm. annihilation, ruin, overthrow ; humi- 
liation, humility. 

Anecdote, ah-neck-doU, sf. anecdote; cu- 
rious story; piece of secret information, se- 
cret history. 

Anecdotier, ah-neck-dotyai, sm. teller, di- 
vulger, collector of anecdotes ; merry fel- 
low, jester. 

Anf.cdutique, ah-neck-do-leek, adj. anecdo- 
tical, relative to anecdotes, containing 

, anecdotes. 

Anee, ah-naie, sf. load of an ass; three 
bushels. 

Anemographie, ah-nai-mn-gra-fee, sf. ane- 
mography, description of the winds. 

Anemometke, ah-xai-m<Hmaytr, sm. anemo- 
meter, instrument to measure the strength, 
direction, duration, velocity of the wind, 
cither relative or absolute. 

Anemone, ah-nai-mone, sf. anemone, ca- 
landine, wind-flower. 

Anemoscope, ah-nai-mo-skop, sm. anemos- 
cope, machine for telling the change and 
weight of the wind. 



A.NF.niE, ahn-ree, sf. stupidity, gross igno- 
_ ranee ; foolish fault or error. 

An esse, hh-nes8 t sf. she-ass; foolish, igno- 
rant woman. 

A net, uh-nay, sm. anise ; species of parsley; 
dill. 

Anevrisme, ah-naivreessm, sm. aneurism, 
dilatation of the arteries. 

Anfractueux,-se, ang-frack-teu-uhe-ze, adj. 
anfractuous, rugged ; circuitous ; full of 
turns and windings (vide obs. 4). 

Anfractuosite, ung-frack-teu-o-ze-tai, sf. 
anfractuousness, ruggedness, roughness, 
inequality, compass, circuit (vide obs. 4). 

Angar, ang-gar, sm. shed, shelter ; tempo- 
rary covering for carts, so. 

Ange, angJije, sm. angel, spirit: beautiful, 
pious, good person; angel-shot, chain- 
bullet. 

Anges (etp.e aux), eytr-o-zangTije, v.aux. 
(prov.) to be transported with joy ; to be 
enchanted, elated. 

Anges (rire aux), reer-o-znnghje, v. 4 irr. 
(prov.) to laugh alone foolishly, without 
cause. 

Anges bleus(voir des), voo-ar-dey-zanghje- 
bluhe, v. 3 irr. (prov.) to have strange wild 
notions. 

Angeliiiue, ang-hjai-leek, sf. angelica; mu- 
sical instrument with sixteen strings and 
ten frets. 

Angelique, ang-hjai-leek, adj. angelical, 
angelic, spiritual,' divine ; beautiful, good, 
pious. 

Angelique (faire une chePvE), fayr-unn- 
shayr-ang-hjai-leek, r. 4 irr. (prov.) to fare 
sumptuously. 

ANGEMqucMENT, ang-ljai-leek-mang, ad. 
angelically, like an angel. 

Angeliser, ang-hjai-lee-zai, va. 1 r. to as- 
similate with, resemble an angel. 

Angelot, anghje-ln, sm. Xorrnan cheese ; 
ancient coin ; sort of lute. 

Angelus, ang-hjcu-leitss, sm. angelus; morn- 
ing, noon, and evening prayer of the Ro- 
man Catholics. 

Anglaise, any - glayze, sf. English dance, 
tune, carriage. 

Anglaiser, ang-glay-zai, va. 1 r. to dress, 
trim after the English fashion. 

S' anglaiser, s'ang-glay-zai, vref. to follow 
the English fashion. 

Angle, aag-gl, sm. angle, corner, space be- 
tween two intersecting lines. 

Anglet, ang-glay, sm. indenture, groove, 
mortise, channel. 

Angleux, -se, ang-qluhe, -z, adj. angulous, 
hooked, angular, having corners. 

Anglican, -e. ang-gle-azng, kann, adj. prot- 
estant ; smf. protestant. 

Anglicanism, ang-gle-kah-neessm, sm. prot- 
estant religion, doctrine, tenets. 

Anglicism e. ang-gle-setssm, sm. anglicism, 
English idiom. 

Anglomane, ang-glo-mann, adj. infected 
with Anglomania. 

Anglomanie, ang-glo-mah-nee, sf. Anglo- 
mania. 

Angoisse, ang-goaJiss, sf. anguish; exces- 
sive pain, distress, pang. 

Angoisse (avaler des poires d'), ah-vah- 
lay-dey-poo-ar-d'ang-go-hhss, v. 1 r. (prov.) 
to swallow bitter pills; sutler much with- 
out daring to complain. 

31 



ANN 



ANO 



ARGON, arig-gong, sm. javelin, half-pike ; 

spear ; hook to rake or loosen shell-fish. 
Angora, ang-go-rah, adj. angora, long and 

silky haired cat, rabbit, or goat. 
Anguichure, angg-ye-sheure, sf. leather 

belt, on which hangs the horn of the 

huntsman. 
Anguillade, ancjg - ye - yadd, sf. lashes; 

stripes, blows, whipping. 
Anguille, angg-e-yuh, sf. eel ; plait ; crease. 

ANGUILLE SOUS ROCHE, avgy-e-yuh-soo-i rosh , 
sf. (prov.) snake in the grass. 

Anguilliere, angg-e-yaire, sf. eel pond, 
reservoir. 

Angulaire, ang-gu-laire, adj. angular, hav- 
ing angles or corners. 

Anguleux, -se, ang-gu-luhe, -z, adj. angu- 
lous, hooked, having corners. 

Anhelation, ang-nai-laJi-syong, sf. anhela- 
tion, shortness of breath ; phthisis ; con- 
sumption. 

Anheler, ang-nai-lai, vn. to entertain the 
fire moderately. 

AniCROCHE, ah-ne-lrosh, sf. difficulty, trou- 
ble ; obstacle, hinderance ; hesitation, ex- 
cuse. 

Anier, ah-nyai, sm. ass-driver ; pedagogue ; 
pedant. 

Anil, ah-ne-yuh, an. anil ; indigo plant. 

Animadversion, ah-ne mad-vair-syong, sf. 
animadversion, reproof, blame, censure ; 
observation. 

Animal, -maux, p. ah-ne-mah -moe, p. an. 
animal ; man ; dunce ; blockhead ; beast ; 
brute. 

Animal, -e, ah-ne-mal, adj. .animal, sen- 
sible, natural, carnal. 

Animalcule, an-ne mal-keide, sm. animal- 
cule; small animal. 

Animalite, ah-ne-mal-e-tai, sf. animality, 
state of animal existence. 

Animation, ah-ne-mah-syong, sf. animation; 
fire ; spirit ; sensibility. 

Anime, e, ah-ne-mai. -e, adj. animate, ani- 
mated, alive, sensible, lively, vigorous, 
active, spirited. 

Animer, ah-ne-mai, va. 1 r. to animate, ex- 
cite, encourage, enliven, exasperate, pro- 
voke. 

S'animer, *' 'ah-ne-mai, vref. to encourage, 
excite one's self to ; to cheer up, grow 
brisk, take fire, be angry. 

Animosite, ah-ne-mo-ze-tai, sf. animosity; 
hatred ; resentment ; malignity, spite ; ill 
will. 

Anis, ah-ne, sm. anise; aniseed; sugared 
aniseed. 

Aniser, ali-nee-zai, va. 1 r. to put in anise, 
cover with anise. 

Anisette, ah-ne-zett, sf. anise-water; sweet 
drink ; liquor. 

Annal, -e, an-nal, -e, adj. annual ; lasting 
one year. 

Annales, an-nahle, sfp. annals, histories, 
chronicles ; public records. 

Annaliste, a>i nah-leest, sm. annalist, writer 
of annals, chronicles, &c. 

Annate, ah-natt, sf. annats, first fruits, first 
year's revenue paid to the pope by a new 
beneficiary. 

Anneau, -x, p. ah-no, -nop, am. ring, curl of 
hair ; measure of fire-wood. 

ANNEE, ah-iuiie, sf. year, twelvemonth (an- 
nee expresses a continuation of time). 
32 



Annee bissextile, ah-naie-be-seks-teel, sf. 
leap-year. See An. 

Annele, ann-lai, sm. serpent with black 
rings. 

Anneler, ann-lai, va. 1 r. to curl the hair; 
ring a hog. 

Annelet, ann-lai, sm. annulet, little ring, 
circle of gold or silver, thin wire. 

Annf.lure, aiiii-lruip, sf. hair dressed in 
curls ; curling of hair (vide obs. 4). 

Annexe, an-neks, sf. annexation, union ; 
conjunction ; chapel of ease. 

Annexer, an-neks-sui, va. 1 r. to annex, 
conjoin, unite. 

Annexion, an -neks -syong, sf. annexion, 
union, annexment. 

Annihilation, an-ne-e-lah-syong, sf. annihi- 
lation, destruction, perdition, nothingness. 

Annihiler, an-ne-e-lai, va. 1 r. to annihi- 
late, annul, destroy, reduce to nothingness. 

Anniversaire. ak-ne-iair-sayr, sm. anni- 
versary, yearly return of a particular day. 

Anniversaire, ah-rie-vair-eayr, adj. anni- 
versary, annual, yearly, returning every 
year. 

Annonce, ah-nongss, sf. advertisement; no- 
tice of a play ; banns of marriage. 

Annoncer, ak-nuiig-sai, va. 1 r. to announce, 
publish, proclaim, foretell, make known, 
give out the play. 

Annonceur, ah-nonrj-sur, sm. advertiser, 
publisher, proclaimer ; comedian giving 
out the play. 

Annonciade, ahnnng-syad, sf. annunciad ; 
military order ; religious order. 

Annonciation, ah-nong-sya-syong, sf. an- 
nunciation, lady-day. 

Annotateur, an-no-'tah-tur, sm. annotator, 
commentator; writer of notes. 

Annotation, an-no-tah-si/ong, sf. annotation, 
explication, note ; inventory. 

Annoter, an-no-tai, va. 1 r. to note, date, 
make a list of; describe goods seized, dis- 
trained. 

Annuaire, an-neu-ayr, sm. almanac; cal- 
endar; yearly publication (vide obs. -11. 

Annuel, -le, an-neu-ell, adj. annual, yearly, 
every year (vide obs. -1). 

Annuellement, an-neu-ell-mang, ad. annu- 
ally, yearly, every year (vide obs. 4). 

A^nuite. an-neu-e-tai, sf. annuity, yearly 
rent, yearly income ; allowance ; payment 
for life. 

Annulaire, an neu-iayre, adj. annular, an- 
nulary, like a ring (vide obs. 4, tab. &c). 

Annexation, an-neu-lahsydng, sf. abroga- 
tion, revocation, repeal, rescission of an 
act (vide obs. 4). 

Annuler, an-neu-lai, va. 1 r. to annul, re- 
peal, revoke, invalidate, break off, make 
void (vide obs. 4). 

Anoelir, ah-no-bleer, za. 2 r. to ennoble, 
raise to nobility, aggrandize, elevate, make 
famous. 

ANonLissEMENT, ah-no-hlerss-mang, sm. en- 
noblement, rank of nobility ; elevation, 
dignity, exaltation. 

ANOOIN, -E, alt-no-daing, m. -deen, f. adj. 
anodyne, mitigant, lenitive, assuasive; sin. 
(fig.) sweetener. 

Anoie, ah-noo-ah, sf. idiocy. 

Asomal, -e, -aux, m.p. ah no-mal, -moe, 
m.p. adj. anomalous, irregular, deviating 
from rules. 



ANT 



ANT 



Anom.iLIE, ah-nn-ma/t-lrc, sf. anomaly, ir- 
regularity, deviation from rule. 

Anon, ah-nong, sm. foal of an ass, heavy, 
dull, stupid boy ; dolt. 

Anonnement, dh-nnn-mang, sm. hesitation 
(in reading), stammering, misreading, 
blunder of words. 

Anonnek, itli-no-iHU, ru. 1 r. to read, speak 
with hesitation, stutter, falter; foal, bring 
forth a foal. 

Anonyme, ah-no-neem, sm. anonymous, un- 
named author, person, ifcc. 

Anonyme, ah-no-neem, adj. anonymous, 
unnamed, nameless. 

Anse, a?ig*e, sf. handle, ear (of a pot, bas- 
ket, X.c.) ; creek ; oval arch. 

Anseatwe, ang-sai-ah-teek, adj. hanse 
(united in commerce). 

Anseatiques (TlLf.ES), veel-zang-sai-ah-teek, 
sfp. hanse towns. 

Anser, ang-sai, no. 1 r. to put a handle to. 

Ansette, ang-sett, sf. small handle, small 
ring. 

Antagonistic, ang-tah-go-neensm, sm. an- 
tagonism. 

AntagOniste, ang-tah-go-neest, sm/. antag- 
onist, opponent, adversary ; enemy. 

Antarctio.ce, ang-tark-teek, adj. antarctic, 
of the southern pole. 

Antecedemment, ang-tai-saidah-mang, ad. 
antecedently, previously, before. 

Antecedence, ang-tai-sai-dangss, sf. ante- 
cedence, priority. 

Antecedent, -e, ang-tai-sai-dang, -t, smf. 
and adj. antecedent ; prior, preceding, 
foregoing. 

Antecesseur, ang-tai-sess-sur, sm. anteces- 
sor; leader ; professor of civil law. 

Antechrist, ang-tai-kree, sm. Antichrist, 
false prophet. 

Anteciens, angtai-syaing, snip, antoeci, 
inhabitants equidistant from the equator, 
under the same meridian, in opposite 
zones. 

Antediluvien, -ne, ang-tai-de-leu-i-yaing, 
-vyenn, adj. antediluvian, prior to the del- 
uge. 

Antenne, ang tenn, sf. sail-yard ; pole of 
the sail. 

Antennes, ang-tenne, sfp. feelers ; horns or 
antenna? of insects. 

Antefenultiem e, ang - tai - pai - neuJ - tyem, 
adj. preceding the last but two (vide obs. 
4, tab.). 

AnterieuR, -e, ang-iai-ryur, -e, adj. ante- 
rior, prior, former, previous, fore. 

Anterieurement, ana-tai-ryur-mang, ad. 
anteriorly, before, previously. 

Anteriorite, ang-tai-ryo-re-iai, sf. ante- 
riority, priority, previousness. 

Antes, angle, smp. pilasters, square columns 
placed in front of edifices. 

Anthologie, ung-to-lo-Jijee, sf. anthology, 
collection of select fragments of poetry, 
flowers. 

Anthrax, ang-traks, sm. anthrax, scab or 
blotch (burning the skin) ; butterfly. 

Anthropologie, ang-tro-polo-hjee, sf. an- 
thropology ; doctrine of anatomy ; ethics ; 
humanity joined with divinity. 

AHTHROPOPHAGES, an-tro -po-fahje, 8ttlf. an- 
thropophagi, man-eaters, cannibals, mons- 
ters of cruelty. 

Anthuoi'oi'uagie, anq-tro-po-fah-hjee, sf. 
(2*J 



anthropophagy, eating of human flesh, 

extreme cruelly. 

Anti, angle, pr. against, before, contrary 
to ; much used in composition. 

Anticbaubre, ang-te-shanghr, sf. antecham- 
ber ; vestibule ; lobby, hall. 

Antichresis, ang-te-hrtyze, sf. antichresis; 
mortgage. 

Antichretien, -ne, ang-te-krai-tyaing, 
-tyenn, adj. autiehrisiian ; contrary to 
Christianity. 

Antichristianisme, ang - te - kream ■ te - ah- 
neessm, sm. antichristianism ; opposition 
to Christianity. 

Anticipation, ang-ie-se-pahsyong, sf. anti- 
cipation, foretaste ; antecedence ; usurpa- 
tion. 

Anticiper, ang-tee-se-pai, ra. 1 r. to anti- 
cipate, forestate, forestall, prevent ; go be- 
fore. 

Anticiper sur, ang-teesepai-seitre, rn. 1 r. 
to encroach upon ; usurp ; antedate ; in- 
vade. 

Anticceur, ang-te-kur, sm. anticor ; pre- 
ternatural swelling opposite to the heart 
of a horse. 

Antidate, ang-te-datt, sf. antedate, date ear- 
lier than the real time. 

Antidater, ang-te-dah-tai, va. 1 r. to ante- 
date, date something before the real time. 

Aktidotaihe, ang-tee-do-iayre, sm. dispens- 
atory ; pharmacopoeia ; collection of re- 
cipes or medical prescriptions. 

Antidote, ang-te-dott, sm. antidote; counter- 
poison ; preventive. 

Antienne, ang-tyenn, sf. anthem ; holy 
song, hymn. 

Antifebrile, ang-te-fai-breel, sm. and adj. 
antifebrile; febrifuge; good against fevers. 

Antilogie, ang-te-lo-hjee, sf. antilogy; con- 
tradiction, inconsistency, incongruity. 

Anti.moine, ang-te-moo-ahnn, sm. antimony, 
mineral substance of a metallic nature. 

Antimonarchique, ang -te -vio-nar -sheek, 
adj. antimonarchical ; against single su- 
premacy. 

Antimonial, -e, ang-te-mo-nyal, adj. anti- 
monial ; made of antimony. 

Antinephretique, ang-le-nai-fraiieek, adj. 
antinephritic, good against diseases of the 
reins and kidneys. 

Antinomie, ang-te-vo-mee, sf. antinomy; ap- 
parent or true contradiction between two 
laws. 

Antipape, ang -te -pap, sm. antipope ; usur- 
per of the popedom ; enemy to popery. 

Antipathie, ang-te-pah-tee, sf antipathy, 
involuntary aversion ; dislike, hatred. 

Antipathique, ang-te-pahteek, adj. antipa- 
thetical, opposite, repugnant, contrary, 
averse. 

Antiperistase, avg-te-pai-re sfahze, sf. anti- 
peristasis; opposite; of a contrary quality. 

Antipestilentiel, -LE, ang-tepes-te-lang 
syel, -1, adj. antipestilential ; efficacious 
against the plague. 

Antiphonaire, ang-te-fo-nayre, sm. anthem- 
book ; book of hymns set to music. 

Antipuonier, aug-te-fo-nyui, am. anthem- 
book ; book of hymns. 

Antiphrase, ang-le-fi'ahze, sf. antiphrasis ; 
opposite meaning of words ; irony. 

Antii'HRASER, ang-te-frah-zui, vn. 1 r. to 
speak or write ungrammatically. 

33 



APA 



APL 



Antipode, ang-te-pod, sm. antipode ; contra- 
diction ; diametrical opposition. 
Antipodes, ang-te-podde, smp. antipodes ; 
people living ou the diametrical side of the 
globe. 
Antiptose, ang-te-ptoze, sf. antiptosis, po- 
sition of one case for another. 
Antiquaille, ang-te.-kah-yuh, sf. antique; 

ancient remain ; antiquity. 
Antiquailles, aug-te-kah-yuhe, sfp. old 

stuff; rubbish ; pieces of no value. 
Antiquaire, ang-tt-hai/re, sm. antiquary; 

virtuoso ; lover or studier of antiquity. 
Antique, ang-teek, sm/. antique; ancient 

monument, statue, picture, &c. 
Antique, ang-leek, ad), antique, ancient, 

old, advanced in years. 
A l'antique, ah-l'ang-teek, ad. after the 
manner of the ancients ; after the old way. 
Antiquite, ang-te-ke-tai, sf. antiquity ; old 

times ; remains of old times ; old age. 
Antisciens, ang -te-syaing, smp. antceci 

(vide Anteciens). 
Antiscorbutique, ang-te-scor-be.nteek, adj. 

antiscorbutic ; good against the scurvy. 
Antispasmodique, aug-tespahss-mo-deek, 

adj. antispasmodic. 
Antistrophe, ang-testroff, sf. antistrophe ; 
responsive ode ; the second of every third 
stanza. 
Antithese, ang-te-teyze, sf. antithesis; op- 
position, contrast, transposition of letters, 
&c. 
Antithetique, ang-te-tai-teek, adj. antithet- 
ical, full of antitheses. 
Antoiser, ang-too-ah zai, va. 1 r. to pile up 

dung ; make a dunghill. 
Antonomase, ungtono-mahze, sf. antono- 
masia ; name of profession used for a prop- 
er name, and vice versa. 
Antke, a.ngtr, sin. autre, cavern, den, cave, 

cavity ; grotto, groove. 
S'anuiteu, s'ahneu-etai, vref. 1 r. to be 
benighted, surprised with the coming on 
of the night. 
Anus, ah-neuss, sm. anus, fundament ; ori- 
fice of the rectum (vide obs. 4, tab.). 
Anxiete, ang-kseyai-iai, sf. anxiety, troub- 
le, solicitude, perplexity, great uneasi- 
ness. 
Aoriste, o-reest, sm. aorist; perfect inde- 
finite in the Greek language. 
Aorte, ah-orte, sf. aorta ; great artery rising 

out of the left ventricle of the heart. 
AoOt, ooe, sm. August ; harvest ; harvest- 
time. 
AoOte, -e, ah-ooe-(ai, -e, adj. ripened by 

the heat (in August). 
AoOter, ah-ooe-tai, va. 1 r. to ripen by the 

sun (in August). 
AoOteron, ahoote-ronq, sm. reaper; har- 
vester ; worker at the harvest. 
Apaiser, ah-pai-zai, va. 1 r. to appease, 
quiet, assuage, compose ; pacify, reconcile. 
S'apaiser, s'ahpai-zai, vref. to calm ; soft- 
en ; lessen ; become easy, pacified. 
Apanage, ah-pah-nahje, sm. appanage; ap- 
pendix ; appendage ; consequence. 
Apanager, ah-pah-nah-hjai, va. 1 r. to por- 
tion ; endow with an appanage. 
Apanagiste, ali-pah nah-hjeest, sm. posses- 
sor of an appanage. 
A -part, ah-par, ad. apart ; separately, dis- 
tinctly ; aside ; at a distance. 
34 



Aparte, ah-par-tai, sm. apart ; soliloquy - t 

speech supposed not to be heard. 
Apathie, ah-pah-tee, sf. apathy ; insensibil- 
ity, exemption from passion. 
Apathique, ah-pah-teek, adj. insensible, 

void of feeling, emotion, or passion. 
Apepsie, ah-pai-psec, sf. apepsy, indigestion, 
loss of natural concoction. 

Apercevable, ah-pair-suh-vabl, adj. per- 
ceivable, perceptible, observable, 

Apercevoir, ah-pair-xuh-voo-ar, va. 3 r. to 
perceive, discover, observe, remark, com- 
prehend, descry, spy out. 

S'apercevoir, s'ah-pair-siJi-roo-ar, vref. to 
observe, find out, see, perceive, discover, 
understand. 

Apercu, ah-pair-seu, sm. summary; sketch, 
outline, note, observation, compendium, 
abridgment (vide obs. 4, tab.). 

Aperitif, -ve, ah-pai-re-teef, -e y adj. aperi- 
tive, aperient, gently purgative, opening, 
promoting secretions. 

Apetale, ah-pai-tahll, adj. apetalous ; with- 
out petal. 

Apetissement, ap teesx-mang, sm. curtail- 
ment, diminution, contraction of distant 
objects. 

Apetisser, ap-te-sai, va. 1 r. to shorten, di- 

^ minish, lessen, contract, shrink, curtail. 

S'apetisser, s'ap-te-sai, vref. to shrink, di- 
minish, shrivel, contract itself, become 
short or less. 

A-peu-pres, ali-pidie-prey, sm. approxima- 
tion, approach, nearness ; ad. nearly, al- 
most. 

Aphelie, ah-faidee, sf. aphelion ; remotest 
distance of the orbit of a planet from the 
sun. 

Apherese, ah-fai-rei/ze, sf. aplwresis, cut- 
ting off of the first letter or syllable of a 
word ; amputation. 

Aphonie, ah-fo-nee, sf. aphony, loss of voice 
or speech. 

Aphorisme, ah-fo-reessm, sm. aphorism, 
maxim, proverb, general proposition. 

Aphronatron, ali-fro-nah trong, sm. mu- 
riatic salt, carbonate of soda. 

Aphronitre, ah-fro-neetr, sm. saltpetre, vol- 
atile salt, soda. 

Aphtes, afte, smp. sores or pustules in the 
mouth. 

Api, ah-pe, sm. api, small delicate apple 
(white and red) ; small salad, smallage. 

A pic, all-peek, ad. apeak, perpendicularly, 
in an upright position. Cote a pic, a bold 
shore. 

Apiquer, ah-pedcai, va. 1 r. to raise, set 
up, erect perpendicularly. 

Apitoyer, ah-pe-ton-ah-yai, va. 1 r. to ex- 
cite pity, compassion ; affect, move. 

S'apitoyer, s'ah-]>e-ioo-ali-yai, vref. to com- 
miserate, pity, be moved, affected, com- 
passionate. 

Aplanir, ah-plah-neer, va. 2 r. to plane, 
smooth, level ; raise, remove difficulties 
or obstacles. 

S'aplanir, s'ah-plali-neer, vref. to flatten, 
become smooth, even, easy. 

Aplanissemest, ali-plah-neess-martg, sm. 
plainness, flatness, smoothness, level, re- 
moval. 

Aplatir, ahplah-teer. va. 2 r. to flatten, 
beat down, level ; dull, depress, sink, press 
down. 



APO 



APP 



S'aplatir, s , ak-plah-teer, vref. to sink down, 

lhitten ; become flat, dull, insipid. 
Apt atissement, ah-plah-teess-mang, sm. de- 

pisssion, flatness; insipidity, dulness. 
Aplatisseur, a/i-plah-te -sur, sm. flatter 

(person). 
Aplatissoir, ah-plah (e-soo-ar, sm. flatter 
(thing). 

Aplets, ah-pley, strip, herring-nets. 

Aplomb, an-pkmg. sm. perpendicular, up- 
right direction, perpendicular position. 

Aplomb (AVOIR de l"), v.aux. to stand up- 
right, firm ; to conduct one's self with pro- 
priety, decency. 

Apkbe, ap-naie,s/L shortness of breath, want 
of respiration. 

Apocalypse, ak - po - 7,-nJi - leepss, .'/.apoca- 
lypse; mysteiy; sacred allegory; St. 
John's Revelation. 

Apocalyptiqie, ah -po - 7iah ■ Jeep ■ tee!:, adj. 
apocalyptical, mystical, prophetic. 

Apocope, ah-po-hop, sf. apocope ; elision of 
the last letter or syllable ; fracture. 

Apockyphe, ah-po-kreef, adj. apocryphal, 
concealed, unknown, suspicious, doubtful. 

Apodictique, ah-po-deek teek, adj. apodicti- 
cal, demonstrative, evident. 

Apogee, ah-po-ltjaie, sm. apogfron, apogee ; 
greatest distance of a planet from the earth. 

Apographs, ali-po-graff, sm. transcript, 
copy; description; image, representation. 

Apollo.vies, a7i-podo-n.ee, sf. feasts conse- 
crated to Apollo. 
-POLogetique, a7i-podo-7ijai-feek, adj. apo- 
logetical, defensive, palliative; extenua- 
ting. 

Apologie, a7t-po-lo-7tjee, sf. apology, de- 
fence, excuse, justification, eulogy, praise, 
commendation. 

Apologiste, ah-podo-hjeest, sm. apologist, 
defender, vindicator, advocate, praiser. 

Apologue, ah-po-log, sm. apologue, moral 
fable or story ; allegory, emblem. 

Apomecometrie, ahpo-maiko-maitree, sf. 
apomecometry, mensuration of distant ob- 
jects. 

Apophthegme, dh-poff-tegmra, sm. apoph- 
thegm, proverb, saving, maxim, leading 
truth. 

ApophyGE, ah-po-feclij, sf. apophyge ; apo- 
thesis. 

Apophyse, ah-po-feez, sf. apophysis ; pro- 
cess. 

Apoplectique, ah-po-pleck-teek, adj. apo- 
plectic, of apoplexy. 

Apoplexie, ah-po-pJer7i-see, sf. apoplexy, 
stupefaction, insensibility, sudden depriva- 
tion of the faculties. 

Apostasie, ah-poa-tah-zee, sf. apostasy, re- 
nunciation, defection; escape from a con- 
vent. 

Apostasier, a7ipos4a7i zi/at, vn: 1 r. to apos- 
tatize, renounce, forsake one's religion ; 
desert a party. 

Apostat. ah-pos-tdh, sm. and adj. apostate; 
renegade, forsaker of religion; revolter; 
deserter ; apostatical. 

Aposteme, cih-po.t-teyme, sm. aposteme. im- 
posthume, tumor, abscess, hollow swelling. 

Aposter, ah-pos-tai, ra. 1 r. to post, place, 
station, appoint, fix, direct spies, &c. 

Apostillateur, ah-pos-te-f/ali-tur, sin. anno- 
tator ; expositor, commentator, writer of 
notes, (fcc. 



Apostille, ah-pos-te-yuh, sf. marginal note, 
remark, critical observation, annotation, 
postscript. 

Apostiller, ah-pos-te-i/ni, va. 1 r. to com- 
ment, annotate, expound, explain, write 
notes, a postscript. 

Apostolat, ah-pos-to-lah, sm. apostleship, 
apostolical office, dignity, ministry. 

Apostolique, ahpos-iodeek, adj. apostolical, 
conform to the doctrine of the apostles, de- 
livered by the apostles. 

A L' APOSTOLIQUE, ah - i 'a7i - pas - to - lec7c , ad. 
apostolically, holily ; in the manner of the 
apostles. 

Apostoliquemext, ah-poa-to-leek-mang , ad. 
apostolically ; in the manner of the apostles. 

Apostrophe, ah-po-stroff, sf. apostrophe; 
insult, reproof, censure ; diversion of 
speech ; mark of a contraction ; elision of 
a vowel. 

Aposti:opher, ah-po-stro-fai, va. 1 r. to apos- 
trophize ; accost ; address ; reprove ; ceu- 
sure ; insult ; affront. 

Apostropher d'ux souflet, ah-po-stro-fai- 
dnng-soo-flay, <prov.) to slap on the face ; 
salute with a blow. 

Apostcmeu, ah-pos-teu-mai, vn. Ir. to fes- 
ter, rankle, corrupt, suppurate, draw to a 
head. 

Apotheose, a7i po-taioze, sf. apotheosis; 
deification ; making of a god ; excessive 
praise, flattery. 

Apothtcai:;e, ah-po-l&Jcaire, sm. apotheca- 
ry, druggist, pharmacopolist ; drug seller 
or compounder. 

Apothicairerie, a7i-po-te-7;aite-ree. sf. dis- 
pensary, apothecary's shop ; medical art 
or profession. 

Apothicairesse, ah-po -te-Ttai-ress, sf. female 
apothecary (in a nunnery), apothecary's 
wife. 

Apotome, ali-po-tome, sm. apotome, in al- 
gebra. 

Apotre, a7i-po7ietr, sm. apostle, preacher, 
missionary ; disciple of Jesus Christ. 

Apotre (cox), bon-aJi-pohetr, sm. merry 
companion; hypocrite; deceitful man. 
Faire le bon apotre, to counterfeit. 

Apozeme, ah-po-zej/me, sm. apozem, decoc- 
tion, potion ; medicinal draught. 

Apparais, ah-pah-rey, pies. ind. of apparai- 
ire. appear. 

Apparaissant, ahpah-rey-sang, pres. part, 
of apparaitre, appearing. 

Apparaitre, ah-pah-reytr, vn. Airr. to ap- 
pear, become visible ; show one's self. 

S* apparaitre, s'ah'-pah-reyir, vref to show, 
exhibit one's self; appear, become visible. 

Apparaitre de (faire), faire-ak-pah-reytr, 
comp. v. 4 irr. to notify, communicate, de- 
clare, make known. 

Apparait a (il), eell-a7i-pah-ray, mono. v. 
it appears, seems ; ref. believe, think, 
judge. 

Apparat, a7\-pal\-rah, sm. apparatus, show, 
pomp, eclat, splendor, ostentation ; elemen- 
tary dictionary. 

Apparal'.x, ah-pah-roe, snip, rigging, sails, 
artillery of a ship. 

Appareil, ah-pah-ray-ytih, sm. pompous 
preparation, train; dressing apparatus; 
symmetry ; height or thickness of a stone. 

Appareillage, ah-pak-ray-yahje, s?n. state 
of readiness completion. 

35 



APP 



APP 



Appareiller, ah-pah-ray-yai, va. 1 r. to ap- 
parel, join, assimilate, match ; equalize ; 
level ; proportion ; set sails. 
S' appareiller, & ah-pah-ray-yai, rref. to 
compare; level, unite one's self with; 
couple, combine. 
Appareillecr, ah-pah-ray-yur, sm. model- 
ler, designer, planner of stone-cutting ; 
dresser of stuffs, stockings, <fcc. 
Appareilleuse, ah-pah-ray-yuhze, sf. pro- 
curess, bawd, pimp, intriguer. 
Apparemment, ah-pah-rah -many, ad. appa- 
rently, evidently, openly, likely, without 
doubt. . 
Apparence, ah-pah-rangw, sf. appearance, 
show, semblance; vision; probability, 
likelihood ; sign, conjecture. Vela est Itors 
d'dpparenee, that is not likely. 
Apparence (en), an;/ nah pah-rangse, ad. 
apparently, outwardly, seemingly, in ap- 
pearance. 
Apparent, -E, ah-pah-rang, -t, adj. appa- 
rent, visible, evident, plausible, conspicu- 
ous, remarkable. 
Appakente, -e, ah -pah- rang -tai, -e, adj. 
allied, connected, related, descended, born, 
kindred. 
Appakenter, ah-pah-rang-tai, va. \r. to 

ally, to unite by kindred. 
S'apparenter, s 1 ah-pah-rang -tai, vref. to 
marry, form a union, connection with a 
family. 
Apparesser, dh-pah-ray-sai, va. \r. to slug- 
gardize, dull, make idle, dronish, lazy, 
slow, inactive. 
S'APPARESSER, s' 'ah -pah -ray ■ .tai. rref. to 
slacken, flag, grow sluggish, indolent, in- 
active. 
Appariement, ah-pali-ree-mang, sm. sort- 

ment, pair, match. 
APPARIER, ah-pah-ryai, va. lr. to pair, sort, 
match, couple ; join similar things together. 
S'appauier, if ah-pah-ryai, vref. to pair, 
match ; accouple ; couple (relative to ani- 
mals). 
Appariteup., ah-pah-re-tur, sm. apparitor ; 
beadle ; messenger of a court or university. 
Apparition, ah-pah-re-syong, sf. apparition ; 
flashy vision, spectre ; visibility of a lumi- 
nary ; short visit or stay. 
Apparoir, ah-pah-roo-ar, vn. Birr, to ap- 
pear, be evident, clear, manifest (in law), 
(vide obs. 6). 
Apparoir (faire), faire-ah-pah-roo-ar, 
comp. v. 4 irr. to show, prove, certify, de- 
monstrate, confirm, verify (vide obs. 0). 
Apparonner, ahpa-ro-nai, va. 1 r. to gauge, 
measure, ascertain the quantity of liquids. 
Appartement, ah- part -Viang, svi. apart- 
ment, room, lodging, floor, story ; draw- 
ing-room. 
Appartenance, ah-part-nartgss, sf. appur- 
tenance, adjunct, dependency ; appendage. 
Appartenant, ah-parl-nang, pres. part, of 

appartenir, belonging. 
Appartenu, ah-part-neu, p. part, of appar- 
tenir, belonged. 
Appartenir a, ah-part-neer, vn. 2 irr. to 
appertain, belong ; relate, concern ; be re- 
lated, kindred. 
Appartiendrai, ah-par-tyaing-drai, fut. of 

appartenir, will belong. 
Apfartiendrais, ah-piar-tyaing-drey, cond. 
would belong. 
36 



Appartienne, ah-par-tyenn, pres. subj. of 

appartenir, belong. 
Afpaktins, all-par -taing, pret. def. of ap- 
partenir, belonged. 
Appartient a (IL), eel - all - par - le -yaing, 
■mono. v. (like tenir), it appertains, belongs, 
becomes, concerns ; it is fit, just, meet ; it 
is the duty, office, business of, &c. 
Apparu, ah-pah-reu, p. part, of appara'ilre, 

appeared. 
Apparus, ah-pa-reu, pret. def. of apparaitre, 

appeared. 
Appas, afi-pah, snip, charms, graces, attrac- 
tion, incentive, fascination, bewitchment. 
Appat, ah-piih, sm. bait, allurement, entice- 
ment, inducement; temptation, desire. 
Appater, dh-phh-lai, va. \r. to bait, entice,; 

fatten with paste ; feed young birds, .Vc. 
Appauvrir, ah p<>-vretr, va. 'lr. to impov- 
erish, beggar, deprive, exhaust, diminish, 
reduce ; make poor, 
S' APPAUVRIR, s'ahpovreer, vref. to impov- 
erish, reduce, exhaust one's self; decay : 
get poor. 
Appauviussement, rih-po-vreess-Tnang, sm. 
impoverishment ; diminution, waste, decay. 
Afpealt, ah-po, sm. bird-call ; call, whistle; 

quail-pipe ; decoy-bird. 
Appel, ah-pel, sin. appeal, citation, call, 

challenge, cartel ; assemblage, muster. 
Appelant, -e, uh-plang, -t, smf. appellant, 

claimant ; summoner, challenger. 
Appeler, ah-plai. va. lr. to name, call, 
muster, beckon, fetch, send for, invite, in- 
voke, challenge, appeal. 
S'appeler, s'ah-plai, rref. to be called, 

named ; call one's self; one's name be. 
Appellatif, -ye, ah-pel-lah-teef, -v, adj. ap- 
pellative, generic ; common to the same 
kind or species. 
Appellation, ah-pel-lah-syong, sf. appella- 
tion, appeal, summons ; name, utterance of 
single letters. 
Appendice, ah-paing-.deess, sm. appendix, 

supplement ; adjunct, concomitant. 
Appendre, ah-pang-dr, va. 4r. to append, 
attach, tie, suspend, hang up ; add a sup- 
plement. 
Appentis, ah-pang -tee, sm. shed, pent- 
house ; temporary shelter for cattle or 
carts, &.C. 
Appercevable, ah pair-suh-vahl, adj. per- 
ceivable, perceptible, observable. 
Apfesantir, ah-puh-zang-teer, va. 2 r. to 
stupefy, dull, hebetate,' besot ; overweigh, 
overload, preponderate; make heavy. 
S'appesantir, s\ih -pith - zang - teer, rref to 
grow dull, stupid, indolent ; be made heavy. 
S'appesantir sur, s'ah-pv.h-zang-tee.r, vrej. 

to insist upon, dwell, comment at large. 
Appesantissement, ah-puh-zang-teess-mang, 
sm. heaviness, dejection of mind ; afflic- 
tion ; depression of spirits. 
Appetence, ah-pai-tangse, sf. appetence, 
earnest desire, eagerness to obtain or enjoy. 
Appeter, ah-pai-tai, va. 1 r. to desire, covet 
earnestly ; aim at, aspire to ; attempt ; 
draw near. 
Appetibilite, ahpai-tc-bcde-tai, sf. appeti- 

bility, desironsness. 
Appetible, ah-pai-teebl, adj. appetible, de- 
sirable, wished with earnestness. 
Appetis, uh-pai-tce, smp. chives, small 
onions. 



APP 



APP 



Apfetissa.vt, -e, ah-pai-tesang, -t, adj. rel- 
i s 1 1 i 1 1 ;jt , provocative; desirable, charming, 
lovely. 
Appetit, ah-pai-tee, sm. appetite ; keenness 
of stomach, violent longing; avidity; in- 
clination ; affection. 

A i/.wtki'it DE, ah-Vah-pai-tee, ad, expr. 
through a desire of, ifcc. 

APPETITIF, -VE, uh-pal te-terf -v, adj. appe- 
titive, desirable, coticupiscible, impressing 
desire. 

APPETITIOW, aJi-pai-te-syong, sf. appetitiou, 
desire, appetency, concupiscence; 

Aipietrir (S'), s'uh-pyai-trecr, vref. 2r. to 
fade, weir away; grow worse, get worse 
and worse ; lose its lustre. 

Applaudir, ah /doe-deer, va. 2 r. to applaud, 
commend, praise, clap hands ; approve. 

S'applaudir, s'ali'ploe-deer, are/, to glory, 
boast, be proud of one's self. 

Applaudir a, ah-ploe-dqer, va. 2 r. to con- 
gratulate, felicitate, approve. 

S'applaudir DE, s'ali-ploe-deer, vref. to re- 
joice, exult, be glad ; hug one's self. 

Applaudissement, aK-ploe-deess-mang, sm. 
applause, plaudit, approbation of pleasure. 

Applacdisseur, ak-ploe-de-sur, sm. applaud- 
er. commender, praiser, extoller. 

Applicable a, ahplekuhl, adj. applicable, 
suitable, agreeable. 

Application, ah-ple-hah-syong , sf applica- 
tion, intenseness of thought ; close study, 
attention, meditation. 

Applique, ah-pleek, sf. ornament of precious 
stones to set off another ; hinge, groove, 
inlay ; art of inlaying. 

Appliquf.R, ah-ple-kai, va. 1 r. to apply, lay 
on, fit, adapt ; give, bestow, devote, set to ; 
keep at ; have recourse to. 

S'applio/jer. s'ah-ple-kai, vref. to appro- 
priate, attribute, take to one's self; study, 
ply, fix ihe mind upon. 

Appoint, ah-poo-aing, sm. change ; over- 
plus ; remainder (paid in silver or pence). 

Afpointement, ah-po-i-aingte-mang, sm. ap- 
pointment, salary ; decree ; maintenance. 

Appointer, ah-poo-aing-tai, va. 1 r. to ap- 
point ; refer, deliberate, decree ; give a sal- 
ary ; mill, fold cloth. 

Appoixteur, ah-poo-aing-tur, sm. appointer, 
delayer ; umpire, arbitrator, peacemaker. 

Afport, ah-por, sm. market-place, market ; 
deposit, property (brought in marriage). 

Apportage, ah-por-tahje, sm. porterage, car- 
riage, portage. 

Apporter, ah-por-lai, va. 1 r. to bring, con- 
vey; cause, produce, procure ; employ ; al- 
lege ; raise, start, announce. 

Apposer, ah-po-zni, va. 1 r. to appose, put, 
apply, set, insert ; stick up. 

Apposition, ah-po-ze-fsyong, sf. apposition, 
position of the same case ; junction of ho- 
mogeneous bodies. 

Appreciable, ah-prai-tiydbl, adj. appreci- 
able, estimable, valuable. 

Appreciateur, ah-prai-syah-tur, sm. ap- 
praiser, valuer, esteemer. 

Appreciatif, -ve, ah-prai-se-ali-teef, -v,adj. 
of estimation, valuation. 

Appreciation, ah-prai-syah-syong, sf. ap- 
praisement, valuation, price set upon a thing. 

Apprecier, ali-prai-syai, va. 1 r, to appre- 
ciate, appraise, value, rate, estimate, set a 
price upon. 



Apprehender, ah-prai-ang-dai, va. 1 r. 

to apprehend, lay hold on ; seize ; fear, 
dread, think on with terror. 

Apfrehensif, -ve, ah-prai-ang-neef,adj. ap- 
prehensive, timid, fearful, timorous. 

Apprehension, aa^prai-ang-sj/ong, sf. ap- 
prehension, uneasiness, RSr ; conception, 
judgment, opinion. \ 

Apfrenant, ah-pruh-nang, pres. part, of 
apprendre, learning. 

Apprendre, ah-prangdr, va. iirr. to learn, 
study, gain knowledge ; discover, be in- 
formed, hear, understand, know. 

S'apprendre a, it ah-prangdr., vref. to ac- 
custom, habituate, iuure one's self to; to 
instruct one's self. 

Apprenne, a/i-prenn, pres. subj. of appren- 
dre, may learn. 

Apprennent, ah-prenn, 3 pers. pi. pres. 
ind. of apprendre, learn. 

Apprenti, -e, ah-prang-te, -e, smf. appren- 
tice, novice, learner. 

Apprentissage, ah-prang-ie-sahje, sm. ap- 
prenticeship ; apprenticehood ; trial, ex- 
periment. Faire son apprentissage, to serve. 
Mettre en apprentissage, to bind out. 

Appret, ah-prey, sm. preparation, season* 
ing ; stiffening, gum. Appreta, p. prepa- 
ratives, preparative. 

Apprkter, (ihprey-tai, va. 1 r. to prepare, 
dress, season ; stiti'ea ; polish, smooth, dis- 
pose. 

S'appreter a, s'ah-prey-tai, vref. to get 
ready, prepare one's self; be in expecta- 
tion; 

Appreteur, ah-prey-tur, sm. dresser, pre- 
parer ; painter on glass. 

Appris, ah-pre, p. part, and pret. def. of op- 
prendre, learned. 

Apfrivoisement, ah-pre-vnn-az-mang, sm. 
tameness ; taming of animals, gentleness. 

Apprivoiser, ah-pre-voo-a-zui, va. 1 r. to 
tame, reclaim, make gentle ; subdue ; fa- 
miliarize. 

S' apprivoiser, s'ah-pre-voo-a-zai, vref. to 
grow tame, familiar. 

Approbated;:, ah-pro-hahtitr, sm. appro- 
ver, applauder ; commender, al lower. 

APPROBATIF, -ve, ah-pro-bah-tecf, -v, adj. 
approving, deserving approbation, of ap- 
probation. 

Approbation, ah-pro-bah-syong, sf appro- 
bation; consent, approval ; attestation, sup- 
port ; pleasure, satisfaction. 

Approbatrice, ah-profiah-treess, sf appro- 
ver, applauder, commender, allower. 

Approchant, -E, ah-pro-shang, -t, adj. ap.- 
proximate, near to, nearly like. 

Approchant de, ah-pro-shang, pr. about, 
near to, close to, at no great distance from. 

Approchant, ah-proshang, ad. nearly, 
closely, thereabout. 

Approche, ah-prosh, sf. approach, access, 
advance, nearness, in favor with. 

Approcher, ah-pro-shai, va.l r. to approach, 
advance, draw near ; have access. 

S'approcher de, s' 'ah-pro-shai, vref. to re- 
semble nearly, come up, amount, rise to. 

Approfondir, ah pro-fung-deer, va. 2 r. to 
deepen ; dig ; search, examine, sift, inves. 
tigate; dive, fathom, explore. 

Approfondissement, ah -pro -fong - deess- 
mang.sm. profoundness, depth ; research, 
examination, investigation 

37 



APT 



AEB 



Appropriation, ah-propre-yah-syong, sf. 
appropriation; peculiar claim ; application, 
adaptation. 

Approprier, ah-pro-pre-yai, va. 1 r. to ap- 
propriate ; clean, fit up genteelly ; adapt, 
fit, apply ; claim, annex ; alienate. 

S'APPROPRIER, i 1 ah-pro-pre-yai, vref. to 
take, usurp, claim ; appropriate, arrogate, 
attribute to one's self. 

Approuver, ah proo-vai, va. 1 r. to approve; 
to pass (accounts). 

Afprovisionnement, ah-pro-ve-zyon-mang , 
sm. provisions, victuals, supply, stores. 

Approvisionner, ah-pro-ve-zyo-nai, va. 1 r. 
to provide, supply, store, furnish with ; to 
victual. 

Approvisionneur, ah-pro-ve-zyo-nur, sni. 
provider, purveyor, caterer. 

Approximation, ah-prok-se-maJi-syang, sf. 
approximation, approach, nearness to, con- 
tinual advance. 

Appui, aJi-peu-e, sm. prop, stay, support ; 
help, succor, protection, favor ; protector, 
comforter, defender (vide obs. 4). HaHteur 
d'appui, breast-high. Point d'uppui, sup- 
port. 

Appui-main, ah-peu-e-maitig, sm. painter's 
staff, maul-stick (vide obs. 4). 

Appui-pot, ah-peu-e-pp, sm. trivet, small 
iron stand ; tripod (vide obs. 4). 

Appulse, ahpeii-eez, sm. appulse, contact: 
proximity, nearness (of one planet to an- 
other). 

Appuyer, ah-peu-ce-yai, va. 1 r. to prop, sus- 
tain, lean; help, protect, favor ; excuse, 
authorize. 

Appuyer, ah-peu-ee-yai, rn. 1 r. to rest, bear, 
press, insist, dwell upon; be supported, left. 

S'appuyer sue, s' ah-peu-ee-yai, vref. to 
lean; rely, depend ; recline, lie, rest, con- 

_fi<le, trust to. 

Apre, ithpr, adj. rough, sour, acid ; uneven, 
rugged ; sharp ; severe ; austere ; fierce, 
violent, troublesome ; eager, greedy. 

Aprement, ah-pruh-mang, ad. roughly, 
harshly, sharply ; greedily ; severely. 

Apres, ah-prey, pr. and ad. after, next to ; 
upon; about; against. Sn mettre apres 
quelqtCun, to fall upon one. 

Apres-coup, ah-prey koo, sm. after-clap, 
unexpected event ; disappointment ; ad. too 
late after the time. 

Apres-quoi, ah-prey-koo-ah, ad. afterward, 
in succeeding time. 

Apres-QUE, ah-prey-kuh, conj. after that, by 
the time that. 

Apres (ci), se-ah-prey. ad. afterwards, sub- 
sequently, in the sequel. 

Apres (p , ),d' ah-prey, pr. from, after, by, af- 
ter the manner of. 

Apres-demain, ah-prey-dmaing, sm. day 
after to-morrow. 

Apres diner or dinee, ah-prey -dee-nai, sf. 
after dinner, afternoon. 

Apres-midi, ahprey-me-de, sf. afternoon, 
time from noon to the going to bed. 

Apres souper or soupee, ahprey-soo-pai , 
_ sf. after supper, evening. 
Aprete, ahpruh-tai, sf. acidity, sourness, 
roughness, unevenness; fierceness, severity, 
austerity. 
Apte a, apt, adj. apt, fit, proper ; ready, 

quick, inclined to, qualified for. 
Aptitude, ap-leteud, sf. aptitude, fitness, 
38 



tendency, disposition, quickness of appre- 
hension. 
Apurement, ah-peur-mang, sm. balance, 
sum total, whole quantity; purifying (vide 
obs. 4). 
Apurer, ah-peu-rai, ra. 1 r. to balance, set- 
tle an account ; refine, purify (metals) ; 
(vide obs. 4). 
Apyre, ah-peer, adj. incombustible, unwast- 
ing by fire. 

Aquatile, ah-koo-ah-teet, adj. aquatile, 
growing, living, breeding in the water. 

Aquatique, ah-hoo-ah-ieek, adj. aquatic, 
marshy, watery ; growing, living, bred in 
the water. 

Aqueduc, ak-deuk, srn. aqueduct, water con- 
duit or pipe ; canal conveyance for carry- 
ing water. 

Aqueux, -se, ah-kuhe, -z, adj. aqueous, wa- 
tery, full of water. 

Aquilin. -E, ah-kt •laing, -leen, adj. aquiline, 
of an eagle ; hooked. Jfez acquitin, hooked 
or aquiline nose. 

Aquilon, ah-ke-long, sm. north wind, cold 
stormy wind, boreas. 

Aquilonnaire, ah-ke-lo-naire, adj. norther- 
ly, cold, stormy, boreal. 

Aquosite, ah-kozetai, sf. aquosity, wateri- 
ness. 

Arabe, ah-rah, sm. Arab ; miser, usurer, 
sordid, hard-hearted wretch. 

Arabe, ah-rab, adj. Arabian, Arabic, of 
Arabia. 

Arabesques, ah-rdh-besk, sfp. arabesks, fan- 
cy painting, ornaments, grotesque archi- 
tecture. 

Arabesse, ah-rah-bess, sf. Arab, Arabian 
woman. 

Arabique, ah-rah-beek, adj. Arabic, of Ara- 
bia, written in its language. 

Arable, ah-rabl, adj. arable, tillable, fit for 
the plough, for tillage. 

Arack, all-rack, sm. arrack, spirituous li- 
quor extracted from the sugar-cane, or from 
the milk of a mare or she-ass. 

Araignee, ah-ray-ing-yaie, sf. spider ; cob- 
web ; sea-spider, sort of shell-fish. 

ARA1GNEUX, -SE, ah-ray-iug-yuhe, -z, adj. 
araneous, like a spider's web, cobwebbed. 

Aramer, ah-rah-mai, va. 1 r. to stretch (cloth 
on tenters). 

Araneeux, -se, ah-rah-nai-uhe, -z, adj. cob- 
webbed. 

Arasement, ali-rauze-mang, sm. evenness 
of height, levelness. 

AraSer, ah-rah-zai, va. to level, raise to the 
same height, make even. 

Aratoire, ah-rah-too-ar, adj. aratory, be- 
longing, necessary to tillage. 

Arbalete, ar-bah-lait, sf. arbalist, cross- 
bow, bow fixed to a stock ; cross-staff. 

Arbalete a jalet, ar-bah-lait-ah-hjah-lay, 
sf. bow to shoot small earthen or leaden 
balls. 

Arbaletrier, ar-hah-lai-tre-yai ', em. archer, 
bowman ; timber supporting the roof. 

Arbaletriere, ar-bah-lai-treyayre, sf. plat- 
form upon which soldiers fight on board a 
galley. 

Arbitrage, ar-be-trahje, sm. arbitrament, 
decision, determination ; compromise ; ref- 
erence. 

Arbitraire, ar-he-trayre, adj. arbitrary ; 
capricious ; absolute, despotic. 



AKC 



AKC 



Arbitrairemf.xt, arJte-traire-martfj, ad. ar- 
bitrarily, absolutely, despotically. 
Arbitral, -e, wbe-tral, -e, a<lj. of award, 

of an umpire, of an arbitrator. 
Arbitralement, ardtetral-many, ad. by 

award, umpire, arbiter, arbitrament. 
Arbitrateur, ar-be-tra-tur, sm. arbitrator, 
conciliator, determiner, pacificator, recon- 
ciler. 
Arbitration", ard>e-trah-syo»g, «/. arbitra- 
tion, decision, compromise ; estimation, 
valuing:. 
Arbitke, ar-beetr, sm. arbiter, judge, um- 
pire, arbitrator; freewill ; despot. 

Akbitrek, ar-be-trai, ra. 1 r. to arbitrate, 
decide, determine, judge of; value, prize, 
estimate. 

Arborer, arhorai, ra. 1 r. to raise, hoist, 
set up, hang out, suspend ; adopt, join, de- 
cline one's self openly for. 

Arborisatiox, ar-bo-rt-zah-syong, sf. arbori- 
zation. 

Arborise, -e, ard>o-re-zni, -e, adj. tufty, 
leaved, foliaceous, furnished with foliage. 

Arboriste, ar-bo-reest, smf. arborist, one 
versed in the study of trees. 

Arbodse, ar-booze, sf. arbute-berry ; tree- 
strawberry. 

Arbousier, arboo-zyai, sm. arbute, straw- 
berry-tree. 

Arbre, arbr, sm. tree ; axle-tree ; beam ; 
shaft ; mast. 

Arbre de Diane, arhr-didi-dyahn, sm. tree 
of Diana, a foliaceous solution of mercury 
and silver made with nitrous acid. 

Arbkisseau, -x, p. ar-l/re-so, sm. arboret, 
small tree ; shrub ; bush. 

Arbuste, ar-beust, sm. arbuscle, small shrub. 

Arc, ark, sm. bow ; arch ; arc ; segment of 
a circle. 

Arcade, ar-Jcad, sf. arcade, continuation of 
arches, piazza, bridge of spectacles. 

Arcane, ar-kann, sm. arcanum, secret; 
nostrum ; secret alchemical operation ; red 
chalk, ruddle. 

Anc-BODTAXT, ar-hon-tang, sm. buttress ; pil- 
lar ; head of a party ; stay, prop. 

Arcbouter, ar-bfjo'tai, ra. 1 r. to prop, sup- 
port, strengthen with props or buttresses. 

Arceau, -x, p. ar-so, sm. arch of a door, 
window, or vault; small arch ; half cylin- 
drical piece to keep a broken limb steady. 

Arc-en-ciel, ark - any -sy ell, sm. rainbow, 
iris, brilliant semicircle of various colors 
seen in showery weather. 

Archal, arsha), sm. wire, metal drawn into 
slender threads. 

Archaxge, ark-anhje, sm. archangel ; high- 
est angel. 

Arche, arsh, sf. arch (of a bridge) ; ark ; 
medley (of people). 

Archee, ar-shaie, sf. archeus, vitality ; effi- 
cient cause, principle of life. 

Archelet, arshhiy, sm. drill bow, small 
bow (to drill holes). 

Archer, ar-shai, sm. archer, arcubalister, 
bowman, police officer, thief-taker. Cette 
femme est im franc archer, that woman is a 
termagant. Les archets du guet, the patrol 
(at Paris). 

Archet, ar-shay, sm. fiddlestick, bow, tester 
of a cradle, low canopy ; small steel bow. 

Archetype, ar-shai-teep, sm. archetype, ori- 
ginal; pattern, model; standard. 



Arciiecr, ar-sheure, sf. curvature, bent. In- 
flexion, crookedness, arcuation, incurvation. 
Akcheveche, ar • shai - vay - shot, sm. arch- 
bishopric, diocese, jurisdiction of an arch- 
bishop, archiepiscopal palace. 

Auciievkque, arshai-vayhe, sm. archbishop, 
metropolitan superintending the conduct of 
other bishops. 

Arciii, ar-she, pr. arch, preposition prefixed 
to many words to denote superiority or ex- 
cess. 

Ar.i'HiniACON'AT, ar - she ■ dyali -ko-naJi, sm. 
archdeaconship, office of an archdeacon. 

ArchIDIACONE, ar - she -dya/i ■ ko ■ nai, sm. 
archdeaconry, dignity, office, jurisdiction 
of an archdeacon. 

Akchidiacre, arshe-dyahkr, sm. archdea- 
con, a bishop's substitute. 

Archiduc, ar-she-deuk, sm. archduke, title 
given to princes of Austria and Tuscany 
(vide obs. -1). 

Archiduche, ar-she-deu-shai, sm. archduke- 
dom, possession, title, quality of a duke. 

Archiduchesse, ar-she-ileu-shess, sf. arch- 
duchess, wife, sister, or daughter of an arch- 
duke. 

Archiepiscopal, -e, ar-lte.-ai-pee.ss ko pal, 
de, adj. archiepiscopal, belonging to an 
archbishop. 

Archiepiscopat, ar-ke ai peessdeo-pah, sm. 
dignity, office of an archbishop. 

Archipatelin, ar-shepat doing; sm. arch- 
knave, cheat, smooth-faced rogue, fawner, 
flatterer. 

Archipedant, ar-she-pai-dang, sm. arch- 
pedant, conceited ass, affected speaker, ar- 
rant fool. 

Arciiipel, ar-she-ped, sm. archipelago, iEge- 
an sea, cluster of islands. 

Aiuhipretre, ar -she- prey tre^ sm. arch- 
presbyter, chief priest. 

Archiprltre, ar-sheprey-trai, sm. jurisdic- 
tion, office of an arch-presbyter, of a chief 
priest. 

ArchiteCte, ar-sJtetekt, sm. architect, build- 
er, contriver ; maker. 

Architecture, ar-she-teck-tcure, sf. archi- 
tecture, art, science of building (vide obs. -1). 

Architrave, ar-she-trav, sf. architrave, en- 
tablature between the chapiter and frieze. 

Architresorier, ar-she-trai-zoryai, sm. 
aich-treasurer ; chief treasurer. 

Archives, ar-sheev, sfp. archives, ancient 
records ; record office, registry ; memoirs, 
annals. 

Archiviste. ar-she-reest, sm. archivist, keep- 
er of the records, recorder. 

Archivolte, ar -she-voltt, sf. archivault, 
upper contour of an arch, semicircular ar- 
chitrave. 

Archontat, ar-knnglah, sm. dignity, office 
of an archon. 

Archoxte, ar-7congte, sm. archon, chief ma- 
gistrate of Athens or of other Greek cities. 

Archure, ar-sheure, sf. drum. 

Arcon, ar-song, sm. saddle-bow ; bow ; vine- 
twig. 

Aitgoxs (perdreou vider les), parrdr, oo, 
te-ilaiday-zur-snnghe, comp. v. to be thrown 
off the saddle ; be at a loss, be at a nonplus. 

Arctique, ark-teck, adj. arctic, northern, 
septentrional. 

Arctium, ark-syomm, sm. burdock, sort of 
mullein. 

39 



AEG 



AEG 



Arcturus or Arcture, arlc-ieu-reman, or 

-teure, sm. Arcturus, Charles's wain (vide 
obs. 4). 

Ardemment, ar-dah-mang, ad. ardently, 
eagerly, affectionately, with zeal, ardor. 

Ardens, ar-dangh, snip. St. Anthony's fire, 
erysipelas ; iguis fatuus, will with the 
wisp, &c. 

Ardent, -E, ardang, -t, adj. ardent, burn- 
ing, fiery, red ; fierce, vehement ; zealous, 
fervent, eager, passionate, affectionate. 

Ardeur, ar-dur, s/. ardor, heat; fire, viva- 
city, activity ; zeal, affection, love, cour- 
age, eagerness. 

Ardillon, ar -de -pong, sm. tongue of a 
buckle, &c, small point. 

ArdoiSE, ar-doo-ahze, sf. slate, a gray fossil 
stone used to cover houses,or to write upon. 

Ardoise, -e, ar-doo-ah-zai, -e, adj. slaty, of 
a slate color, covered with slates. 

Ardoisiere, ar -doo-ah- zyayre, sf. slate 
quarry, pit where slates are dug. 

Ardre, ardre, va. 4 r. to burn, scorch, con- 
sume (seldom used). 

Ardu, -e, ar-deu, -e, adj. arduous, lofty, 
hard to climb ; difficult (vide obs. 4). 

Are, ar, sm. area, square, each side contain- 
ing fourteen English yards. 

Arene, ah-rayne, sf. shore sand, gravel ; 
arena ; duct to carry off the water out a 
mine. 

Arener, ah-ray-nay, rn. 1 r. to sink down, 
lose height, decline, be depressed. 

Areneux, -se, ah-rai-nuhe, -ze, adj. are- 
nose, arenaceous, sandy, consisting of sand, 
tinsolid. 

Areoi.e, ah-i-ai-ol, sf. little bed in a garden, 
small area, small variegated halo round 
the moon, narrow rim round the eyes, 
nipple, Ac. 

Areometre, ah-rai-o-maytr, sm. areometer, 
instrument to ascertain the gravity or den- 
sity of fluids. 

Areopage, ah-rai-o-pahje, sm. areopagus, 
highest tribunal in Athens ; assembly of 
wise men, of virtuous magistrates. 

Areopagite, ah-rai-u-pah-hjeett, sm. judge, 
member of the areopagus. 

A\i£oTiQ.UF.,ah-rai-o-terl\adj. areotic (med.). 

Arer, ah-rai, vn. 1 r. to drag, drive an- 
chors, lose mooring. 

Arere, ah- ray re, sm. axle-tree, pin on 
which circumvolves or turns the wheel of 
a mill. 

Arete, ah - rayte, sf. fish-bone ; angular 
edge, ridge ; edge, tumor on the hind legs 
of a horse. 

Arganeau, ar-gah-no, sm. large iron rinsr 
(at the beam end of the anchor to fix the 
cable). 

Argemone, ar-hjai-monn, sf. thorny poppy, 
soporiferous plant. 

Argent, ar - hjang, sm. silver ; money, 
wealth ; argent. Bourreau d'aryent, a 
spendthrift. 

Argent (vif), veev-ar-hjang, sm. quicksilver, 
mercury, mineral substance. 

Argent-monnayt:, ar-hjang-mo-nay-yai, 
sm. coin, silver coin, payment in silver coin. 

Argent-blanc, ar-hjanq-hlany, sm. silver 
coin, money made of silver. 

Argent comftant, ar-hjang-cong-tang, sm. 
ready money, instant or immediate pay- 
ment. 
40 



Argent vierge, ar -hjang -vyairhje, sm. 

pure silver, silver ore. 

Argent trait or file, ar-hjnng-truy or 
fe-lai, sm. silver wire, spun silver. 

Argent mignon, ar-hjaiig-ming-yong, sm. 
spare money, pocket money, pocket al- 
lowance. 

AwbENT mort, ar-hjang-mo>\ sm. unprofita- 
ble money, dead money, money that yields 
no interest. 

Argent en barre, ar-Jijang^arig-bar, sm. 
ready money, quick return : great profit. 

Argent fait tout, ar-hjang-fag-too, prov. 
expr. money makes the mare lu go ; riches 
more than wit. 

Argent de chat, ar -hjang -duh-shah, sm. 
mica, very shining metal. 

Argental, -e, ar-hjang-tuM, adj. argental. 

Akgente, -e, ar-hjang-tai, -e, adj. silvery ; 
silvered over, shining like silver, be- 
sprinkled with silver. 

Argenter, ar-hjang-tai, va. 1 r. to silver, 
plate, cover with silver ; adorn with mild 
lustre. 

Argenterie, ar-hjanle-ree, sf. plate, silver- 
plate ; vessel, ornament. 

Argenteux, -SE, ar-hjang-tiiJie, -ze, adj. 
moneyed, rich in money, full of money. 

Argentier, ar -hjang -tyai, rm. silversmith ; 
purser, steward ; intendant. 

Argentifere, ar-hjang-te-fair, adj. argen- 
tiferous. 

Argentin, -e, ar-hjang-tning. -ieen, adj. 
silvery, clear, canorous, bright ; mild, sil- 
ver-colored. 

Argentine, ar -hjang -teen, sf. silver-weed, 
silver-thistle (a plant). 

Argenture, ar-hjangteure, sf. silver-pla- 
ting', plated work ; silvering (vide obs. 4). 

Argile, ar-hjeel, sf. argil, clay, potter's 
clay. 

Argileux, -se, ar-hjehihe, -ze, adj. argil- 
lous, argillaceous, clayey, consisting of 
argil, clayish. 

Argonaute, nr-go-nnte, sm. nautilus (a shell- 
fish) ; butterfly; Argonaute. 

Argot, ar-go, sm. dead bough, stub ; cant, 
gibberish. 

Argoter, ar-go-tai, va. 1 r. to cut the dead 
extremity of a bough above the eye ; lop 
off; prune. 

Argousier, ar-goo-zyai, sm. thorny shrub. 

Argousin, ar-goo-zaiiig, sm. low officer on 
board a convict ship or a galley ; sergeant 
over the convicts. 

Argue, argg, sf. wire-drawer's work-shop; 
machine to wire-draw gold; large ship; 
argosy, carrack. 

Arguer, ar-gu-ai, va. 1 r. to wire-draw, 
spin into wire, gold, silver, Ac. 

Arguer, ar-guni, va. 1 r. to argue, dispute; 
reprove ; find fault with. 

Argument, ar-gu-mang, sm. argument, sub- 
ject, summary, proof, controversy. 

Argumentant, ar-gu-mang-tang, sm. ar- 
guer, reasoner, disputant, controvertist. 

Argumentateur, ar-gu-mang-tah-tar, sm. 
proposer, propounder of arguments. 

Argumentation, ar-gu-mang-tuh-syong, sf. 
argumentation, reasoning ; act of reason- 
ing. 

Argumenter, ar-gu-mangtai, vn. 1 r. to 
argue, reason, offer reasons ; dispute, per- 
suade by argument. 



ARM 



ARN 



Argus, ar -i/cuns, sm. argus ; spy; clear- 
sighted man. 

Argutik, argu-see, sf. quirk, cavil, subtle 
device, repartee, sharpness, smartness, 
cunning* 

Ariaxisme, aJi-re-yah-ncessni,sm. Arianism, 
doctrine of Arius. 

Aride, ah-reed, <nlj. arid, dry, parched up, 
destitute of moisture, barren, sterile, un- 
fruitful. 

Aridite, nh-re-dctai, sf. aridity, dryness, 
siecity ; barrenness, unfruitfuluess ; insen- 
sibility in devotion. 

ARIDURE, u/t-ie-tl'-iirc, sf. waste, emacia- 
tion, consumption, withering of the body 
or limbs. 

Ariex, -xe, nhre-i/ainrj, -yam, smf. Arian, 
follower of the doctrine of Arius. 

Ariette, ah-ryett, sf. arietta, short air. son?, 
brisk and sprightly tune after the Italian 
style. 

Arigot, nh-re-go, sm. sort of fife, wind in- 
strument. 

Arille, ah-re j/u7), sf. mace ; seed-coat. 

Aristarque, ak-reess-tark, sm. critic ; cen- 
sor ; severe, judicious but equitable and 
impartial ; spot on the moon. 

Aristocrate, ah-reess-to-kratt, smf. aristo- 
crat, favorer of aristocracy. 

Aristocratie, ah-reess-to-krah-see, sf. aris- 
tocracy ; state governed by nobles and 
heads of the people. 

Aristocratique, ah-reess-to-kraJi-teek, adj. 
aristocratic, of aristocracy. 

Aristocratiquemext, ah-reess-to-krah-leelc- 
mang, adj. aristocratically. 

Aristo-democratie, ah - reess - to-dai - mo- 
krah-see, sf aristo-democracy, supreme 
power in the hands of the nobles and 
people. 

Aristodemocratiquemext, ah-reess-lo-dai- 
vio-krah-tetk-maug, ad. aristo-democratic- 
ally. 

Arithmaxcie, aJi-rertt-mang-see, sf. arith- 
mancy. foretelling futurity by numbers. 

Arithmeticiex, -xe, ah-reett-mai-te-syaijuj, 
-etui, smf. arithmetician, accountant, reck- 
oner. 

Arithmettque, ah-reettmai-leel; sf. arith- 
metic, science of numbers, art of computa- 
tion. 

Arithmetique, ah-reett-mai-leek, adj. arith- 
metical, by the rules of arithmetic. 

Arithmetkhemext. ah-rtet-mai-teek-mang, 
ad. arithmetically, in an arithmetical 
manner. 

Arleqcix, ar-bth-haing, sm. harlequin, buf- 
foon, jester; jack -pudding. 

Arlequixade, ar-luh-ke-nad, sf. buffoonery, 
low jests, scurril mirth ; antic postures ; 
indecent raillery. 

Armadille, ar-mah-de-yuh, sf. small Span- 
ish fleet, small Spanish frigate (in the West 
Indies). 

Armadille, ar-mah-de-yuh, sf. armadillo, 
a four-footed animal of Brazil. 

Armatedr, ar-maJi-tur, sm. privateer, ship 
fitted out to plunder the enemy, captain of 
a privateer ; ship-owner. 

Armature, ar ■ mah - teure, sf. iron bars, 
bolts, chains, <tc, to fasten timber work 
(vide obs. 4). i 

Arme. arme, sf. arms, gun, sword, weapon ; 
armor ; coatof arms ; power, might. 



Arme BLANCHE, arm-blanche, sf. sabre, 
scimitar, sword, pike, halbert, bayonet, 
battle-axe. 

Arme a feu, nrm-ah-/uh, sf firearms, gun, 
pistol, blunderbuss. 

At; me de trait, arm-duh-trey, sf. bow 
cross-bow ; dart. ' 

Armes, arme, sfp. arms, weapons ; war, 
hostilities ; family arms, ensigns, armo- 
rial of a family. Malt re d' armes, a fen- 
cing-master. Salle d'armes, a fencing- 
school. 

Armee, ar-7)iaie, sf. army, host, troops, 
forces, great number of armed men. 

Armee (a HAIR), cJi-tnaing-nar-maie, ad. ex. 
by main force, with force of arms. 

Arheline, arm-hen, sf. Lapland fur, er- 
mine, marten fur. 

Armemext, ar-muh-mang, sm. armament, 
preparations for war ; naval force ; fitting 
of a fleet ; soldier's accoutrement. 

Armexteux, -SE, ar-mang-tuhe, -ze, adj. 
rich in cattle, possessing cattle, armen- 
tal. 

Armer, ar-mai, ra. 1 r. to arm, furnish 
with arms ; strengthen ; irritate, raise ; 
load, cock ; equip ; fit up a ship or fleet. 

S'armee de, s'ar-mai-dtih, rref. to arm; 
provide one's self with ; take arms, for- 
tify, provide against. 

Armet, ar-may, sm. helmet, helm, head- 
piece ; light helmet without visor and 
neck-piece. 

Armillaire, ar-me-laire, adj. armillary; 
hollow, circular, like a bracelet. 

Armilles, ar-mee-yuh, sfp. annulets, mould- 
ings on the chapiter of l)oric columns. 

Armixiaxisme, ar-me-nyah-neessm, sm. Ar- 
minianism, doctrine of Arminius. 

Armixien, -NE, ar-me-nyaing, -nyen, smf. 
and adj. Arminian, sectator of Arminius, 
believer in universal grace. 

Armistice, ar - meess - teess, sf. armistice, 
short truce, suspension of arms. 

Armoire, ar-moo-ar, sf. cupboard, press, 
buffet, closet. 

Armoiries, ar-moo-a7i-ree, sfp. escutcheon, 
shield of the family, coat of arms, ensigns 
armorial, book of heraldry. 

Armoise, ar-moo-ahze, sf. mugwort, moth- 
wort. 

Armoisix, ar-moo-ah-zaing, sm. sarsenet, 
tine thin woven silk, taffeta. 

Armox, ar-mong, sm. splinter-bar, beam of 
a coach, ic. 

Armorial, ar-mo-ryal,sm. book of heraldry, 
of ensigns armorial. 

Armorial, -e, -aux, mp. ar-moryal, -oe, p. 
adj. armorial, belonging to the arms of a 
family. 

Armories, ar-mo-ryai, ra. 1 r. to paint, 
draw, engrave, put on coats of arms. 

Armoriqi'e. ar-nKi-rck. adj. maritime, na- 
val, relating to, bordering on the sea. 

Armoriste, ar-mo-ree*t, sm. armorist ; her- 
ald, writer on or teacher of blazonry. 

Armure, ar-meur, sf. armory, armor, arms 
of defence ; coat of mail, net-work of steel; 
wrapper of a ream of paper (vide obs. 4). 

Aumurier, ar-meu-rj/ai, sm. armorer ; gun- 
smith, maker of armor, weapons, &,c. (vide 
obs. 4). 

A r nodes, ar-nod, smp. singers of rhapso- 
dies, ballad singers. 

41 



ARR 



ARE 



Aromate, ah-ro-matt, sm. aromatic, per- 
fume, sweet odor, fragrance. 

Akomatique, ah-ro-mah-teek, adj. aromatic, 
spicy, fragrant, strong-scented. 

Aromatisation, ah-ro-mah-te-zah-syong, sf. 
aromatization, mixture of aromatics with 
drugs. 

Aromatiser, ahrn-mah-te-zai, va. I r. to 
aromatize, perfume, scent ; impregnate 
with spices. 

Aro.matite, a7i-ro-mah-teett, sf. aromatitis, 
precious stone of the nature of myrrh. 

Aronde, ah-rongde, sf. dove-tail, joint in 
the form of a wedge. 

Aronde aux pekles, ah-rongde-oe-payrle, 
sf. essence of the finest pearls, of mother of 
pearls. 

Arondelat, ah-rongde-lah, sm. young' swal- 
low, young one of a swallow. 

Arondeli.e, ah-rong-dell, sf. casting-net, 
cord filled with fish-hooks laid on the sand. 

Arondelle de mer, ah-rong-dell-duh-mair, 
sf. light vessel, brigantine, small sloop, 
pinnace. 

Arpailleur, ah-pah-yur, sm. gold finder, 
gold miner. 

Arpent, ar-pang, sm. fourth part of an 
acre, rood ; long and broad saw. 

Arpentage, ur-pang-tahje, sm. mensura- 
tion, land survey, art of measuring. 

Aepenter, ar-pang-tai, va. 1 r. to measure, 
survey land ; walk fast, run, go at a great 
rate. 

Arpenteur, ar-pang-iur, sm. land survey- 
or, measurer. 

Arque, -e, ar-kai, -e, adj. arched, bent in 
the form of an arch, crooked, semicircular, 

Arquebusade, ar-kuh-beu-zad, sf. shot of an 
arquebuse, or of a hand-gun (vide obs. 4). 

Arquebuse, ar-kuh-beuze, sf. arquebuse, 
hand gun. 

Aequebuser, ar-kuh-beu-zai, va. 1 r. to 
shoot, kill with an arquebuse or a hand- 
gun. 

Arquebuserie, ar-kuh-beuze-ree, sf. art of 
making fire-arms ; sale, retail of lire-arms. 

Arquebusier, ar-kuh-beu-ze-ai, sm. gun- 
smith, maker or seller of fire-arms (vide 
obs. 4). 

Arquer, ar-Jcai, va. 1 r. to bow, bend, arch, 
crook, curve, inflect, hook. 

Arquet, ar-kay, sm. wire, spring, elastic 
piece of iron or steel, productive of action. 

Arrachement, ahrash-mang, sm. pull, 
pluck, rent ; jutting stone ; beginning of 
an arch. 

Arrache-pied, ah-rash pyai, ad. exp. im- 
mediately, without intermission, without 
discontinuance. 

Arracher, ah-rah-shai, va. 1 r. to pull, 
tear, pluck, draw, take away, obtain, 
snatch, pick up or out. Arracher un ar- 
bre, to pull up by the roots. 

S'arracher, s'ah-rah-sJiai, vref. to pull off, 
draw, tear or free one's self from ; escape. 

Arracheur, ah-rah shur, sm. drawer, pull- 
er, tearer, render. 

Arracheur de dent, ah -rah -shur-duh- 
danghe, sm. tooth-drawer, dentist. 

Arracheur de cors, ah - rah ■ shur - duh - 
korre, sm. corn-cutter, extirpator of corns. 

Arraisonner, ah-ray-zo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
argue, reason with, convince, bring to. 

S'areaisonner, s'ah-ray-zo-nai, vref. to 
42 



come to an understanding, to an agree- 
ment with one. 

Arrangement, ah-rang-hjmang, sm. ar- 
rangement, contrivance, plan, measure, 
preparation, order, disposition, agreement. 

Arranger, ah-rang-hjai, ta. I r. to ar- 
range, contrive, prepare, set in order, 
order, settle ; insult, ill-treat. 

S'arranger, s' ah-rang-hjai, vref. to settle 
matters, take measures, come to an agree- 
ment ; set one's house in order. 

Arrentement, ah-rangte-mang, s^n. lease, 
tenure, renting or letting out. 

Arrenter, ah- rang -tal, ra. 1 r. to rent, 
lease, let out ; take upon a lease. 

Arrerager, ah-rai-rah hjai, ra. 1 r. to be 
in arrears, not to pay one's rent. 

S' ARRERAGER, s'ah-rai-ruhdijai, vref. to ac- 
cumulate. 

Arrerages, ah-rai-rahje, amp. arrearage, 
arrears, remainder unpaid ; interest. 

Arrestation, ah-res-tdh-syong, sf. arrest, 
caption, restraint. 

Arret, ah-rey, sm. arrest; decree; sen- 
tence, judgment ; distraint, seizure ; rest ; 
stay ; stop ; set. Chien d'arret, a setting- 
dog, pointer. Un esprit sans arret, a gid- 
dy brain. 

Akuete, ah-rey-tai, sm. determination, re- 
sult ; decision ; final settlement ; agree- 
ment. 

Arrete de COMPTE, ah-rey-tai -dnh-congte, 
sm. final payment, settled account. 

Arrkte-bceuf, uh-reyte-btiff, stn. rest-har- 
row (a plant). 

Arrete-nef, ah-reyte-neff, sm. remora (a 
fish sticking to ships and preventing their 
motion). 

Arreter, ah-rey-tai, va. 1 r. to stop, pre- 
vent, obstruct ; seize, arrest, detain ; re- 
press, cure ; str-ke ; stay ; balance ; alle- 
viate, assuage ; pause. 

Arreter, ah-rey-tai, on. 1 r. to stop, fasten ; 
make a stay ; come to a resolution, resolve 
upon ; hire, engage. 

S'arreter, tfah-reif-tai, vref. to stop, loiter, 
tarry, delay ; cease, consider ; amuse one's 
self. 

S'arreter, «' ah-rey-tai, vref. to fix, deter- 
mine, resolve upon ; mind, be intent. 

Arretiste, ah-rey-teest, sm. recorder, com- 
piler, annotator of decrees, ifce. 

Arrhement, arr-iuaug, sm. earnest ; secu- 
rity, pledge, assurance; bail. 

Arrher, ah-rai, va. 1 r. to give earnest, 
security ; to ratify a bargain. 

Arrhes, ahre, sfp. money, goods (given or 
received to bind a bargain) ; pledge, secu- 
rity- 

Arriere, -e, ah-ryai-rai, -e, adj. in arrears, 
behind hand ; sm. public debt, or debt the 
payment of which is remitted to an indefi- 
nite time. 

Arriere, ah-ryayre, sm. prop, stern, hind 
part of a ship where the rudder is placed. 
Avoir vent arriere, to go before the wind. 

Arriere, ah-ryayre, int. away ! begone ! 
hence ! avauiit ! Arriere \a raillerie, no 
joking. 

Arriere (EN), ang-n^ah-rynyrr, ad. exp. 
backwards, behind ; behind-hand ; in ar- 
rears, in debt. 

Arriere de, ah-ryayre-duh, far from; be- 
hind ; in the absence of. 



ARR 



ART 



Arriere-rax, ah-ryayre-banq, sm. assem- 
bly, convention, convocation of vassal 
lords, commanded by the French king. 

ArRIERE-bec, ah-ryayre-beck, sm. lower part 
of the pier of a bridge, base or foot of a 
pile. 

Arriere-p.outique, ah-ryayre-booteek, sf. 
back shop. 

Akki ere -caution*. ah-ryayre-Jcosyong, sm/. 
security of the bail, double security, guar- 
antee. 

Akeiere-chaxge, ah-ryayre-shanhje, sm. 
interest of interest ; compound interest. 

ARRIERE-CORPS, ah-ryay re-fcor, sm. back 
building, back house, building behind the 
front part of the house. 

Ak'"iere-col*k. ah-ryayre-Jmore; sf. back 
yard, inclosed ground adjoining a house. 

Arkierf-faix, ah-ryay 're-fey , urn. after- 
birth, secundine. 

Aurieke-fermier, ah - ryayre ■ fair - myai, 
sin. under-tenant, under-farmer, one who 
holds from the tenant of an owner. 

Arrierk-fief, ah-ryayre-fyeff, sm. mesne- 
fiei', tnesne-tenure. 

Arriere-fleur, ah-ryayre-Jlur, sf. flower 
after season, late flower. 

Ariuere-garant. ah-ryay re-gaJt-ranij, sm. 
security of a bail, double security, guaran- 
tee of the guarantee. 

Arriere-gakde, ah-rynyre-gharde, sf. rear- 
guard ; rear of an army ; guard-ship. 

Arriere-gout, ah-ryayre-gooe, sm. after- 
taste, taste remaining upon the tongue after 
some food. 

Arriere-maix, ah-ryayre-maing, sf. back 
of the hand ; back stroke ; hind part, back 
of a horse. 

Arriere-xeyeu, ayryayre-nuhvith, sm. son 
or grandson of a nephew or niece. 

Arriere-neveux, ah - ryayre - ?uth - vuhe, 
smp. remotest posterity, descendants, suc- 
ceeding generations. 

Arriere-niece, ah-ryayre-nyess, sf. daugh- 
ter or grand-daughter of a nephew or niece. 

Arriere-pensee, ah-ryayre-pang-saie, sf. 
after-thought, reflections after the act ; ex- 
pedients formed too late. 

Arriere-petit-fils, ah-ryayre-pte-fee, sm. 
great-grandson, son of a grandson or daugh- 
ter. 

Arriere-petite-fille, ah-ryay re-pteet-fe- 
yuh, sf. great -grand-daughter ; daughter 
of a grandson or daughter. 

Arriere-point, ah -ryayre -poo- aing, sm. 
wristband-stitching, row of stitches on the 
wristbands. 

Arriere poixteuse, ah -ryayre -poo- aing- 
tuhze, sf. wristband sewer, one who stitches 
wristbands. 

Arrierer, ah-ryai-rai, ra. 2 ». Ir. to de- 
lay, postpone, throw back, behindhand. 

S'arrierer, s'ah-ryai-rai, cref. to stay be- 
hind ; to be in arrears, behindhand ; accu- 
mulate, remain unpaid. 

Arkiere-Saison", ah - ryayre - say -zong, sf. 
autumn, aftercrop, aftermath ; latter end 
of autumn ; old age. 

ARRIERE-vassal. ah -ryayre - rah -sal. sm. 
under-tenant ; holder from a tenant, vassal 
under a vassal. 

Arrieke-voussure, ah-ryayre-ron-seure, sf. 
arch over or behind a door, window, &c'. ; 
arched or vaulted passage. 



Arrimage, ahrc-mahje, sm. stowage ; room 
for laying up goods ; manner or state of 
laying up goods on board. 

Abrihbr, ah-re-mai, m. \ r . to stow, lay 
up, deposit in order; lay in the proper 
place. 

Arrimeur, ah-re-mur. sm. tide-waiter, cus- 
tom-house officer ; stower ; freighter. 

Arrioler (S'), s'ah-ryo-lai, oref. 1 r. to be 
driven in a contrary direction ; drift, drive, 
urge along. 

ArRISER, ah-ree-zai, ra. 1 r. to lower, let 
down, bring to, the sails of a ship. 

ARRtVAGE, ah-re-rahje, sm. arrival of goods 
or vessels, arrival of boats ; water-carriage, 
landing. 

Arrivee, ah-re-raie, sf. arrival, coming, 
approach, access, landing. 

ARRIVES a, ah-re-rai-ah, in. 1 r. to arrive, 
disembark, land ; reach, gain ; happen, 
come to ; succeed ; compass ; chance. 

Arrive (il), eeH-ah-reev, o. 1 mono, it hap- 
pens, chances, arrives, Arc. 

Arroche, ah-rosh, sf. goose-foot, wild orach 
(a plant). 

Arrogamment, ah-ro-gah-mang, ad. arro- 
gantly, in an arrogant manner. 

Arrogance, ah-ro-gangse, sf. arrogance, 
pride, presumption, haughtiness. 

Arrogant, -e, ah-ro-ghang, -t, adj. arro- 
gant, proud, haughty, insolent, lofty, con- 
temptuous, proudly great. 

Arroger (s'), s'ah-ro-hjai, rref. 1 r. to ar- 
rogate, claim vainly, assume unjustly, ex- 
hibit unjust claims. 

Arroi, ah-roo-ah, sm. train, retinue, equi- 
page, attendance. 

Arrondir, ah-rong-deer, va. 2r. to make 
round; increase; round; give a good 
turn ; train a horse to uniform action. 

S'arroxdir, s' ah-rong-deer, rref. to grow 
round ; enlarge, accumulate ; collect. 

Arrondisse.me.nt, ah - rong ■ deess - mang , 
sm. soundness ; rounding ; smoothness, har- 
mony ; increase ; district, ward. 

Arrosage, ah-rozahje, sm. irrigation ; sup- 
ply of water ; moisture to consolidate sub- 
stances. 

Arrosement, ah-roze-mang, sm. watering ; 
stake (at play) ; payment. 

Arroser, ah-ro-zai, ra. 1 r. to water, damp, 
moisten ; irrigate, wet : wash, run through ; 
baste ; sprinkle, bathe ; bestow money ; 
pay a fine. 

Arrosiox, ah-ro-zyong, sf. arrosion, gnaw- 
ing (of the bones). 

Arrosoir, ah-rozoo-ar, sm. watering-pot; 
watering-cart (vide obs. 6, tab. &c). 

Arrugie, ah-reuhjie, sf. channel to lead tho 
water out of a mine. 

Ars, ahre, .smp. veins or legs of a horse. 

Arsenal, -adz, p. arse-tial, -noe, sm. ar- 
senal, repository of things requisite to war ; 
fortified town, magazine ; dock-yard. 

Arsenic, arse-net/., sm. arsenic, mineral 
substance, violent corrosive poison. 

Arsenical, -e, arse-ne-Jral, adj. arsenical, 
containing arsenic, poisonous. 

ARSIK, ar-saing, sm. accidental burning of 
standing trees. 

Arsis, ar-see, sm. strong fiery wine ; eleva- 
tion of the voice at the beginning of a verse 
or line. 

Art, ar, sm. art; power; science, skill; 

43 



AET 



ASI 



dexterity, ability ; trade, handicraft ; cun- 
ning, deceit, trick, device. 

Arts (maitre es), meytr-ey-zahre, sm. mas- 
ter of arts. 

Arts-libeuaux, ahre-le-hai-roe, smp. liberal 
arts, arts connected with science. 

Arts mecaniques, ahre-mai-kah-neek, snip. 
mechanical arts, arts connected with skill. 

Arts (les beaux), ley-boe-zuhre, smp. fine 
arts ; arts connected with taste and judg- 
ment. 

Artemie, ar-tai-mee, sf. perfect health, free- 
dom from pain or sickness. 

Artere, ar-tayre, sf. artery, vein conveying 
the vital spirits from the heart ; pulse. 

Arteriel, -le, ar-tai-ryell, adj. arterial, 
relating to the artery, contained in the ar- 
tery. 

Artekiole, ar-lai-ryoll, sf. small artery, 
capillary vein. 

Auteriot'omie, ar-tai-ryo-to-mee, sf. arte- 
riotomy, letting blood from the artery ; 
cutting of an artery. 

Arturite, ar-treet, sf. arthritis, gout, dis- 
ease in the joints ; excessive pain. 

Arthritique, ar-tre-teek, adj. arthritic, 
gouty, ill of the gout ; relating to the 
gout, relating to the joints. 

Artichaut, ar-te-shoe, sm. artichoke, escu- 
lent vegetable. 

Artichautiere, ar-te-slioe-tyayre,sf. ground 
where artichokes are raised. 

Article, ar-teelcl, sm. article, part of speech, 
clause ; term, stipulation, point ; joint ; 
head ; thing, matter. 

Article de la mort (a. l'), ah-V ar-teekl- 
duh - lah - more, ad. exp. at the point of 
death. 

Articulaire, ar-te-keu-layre, adj. articular, 
belonging to the joints. 

Articulation, arte-keu-lah-syong, sf. articu- 
lation, joint of bones ; formation of words ; 
joints in plants ; swelling. 

Articule, -e, ar-te-keu-lai, -e, adj. articu- 
late, distinct, clear ; branched out into ar- 
ticles. 

Articuler, ar-te-keu-lai, va. 1 r. to articu- 
late, pronounce distinctly ; d'"aw up in ar- 
ticles ; affirm, circumstantiate. 

Artifice, ar-te-feess, sm. artifice, art, trade, 
industry ; dexterity, cunning, skill ; trick, 
fraud, stratagem. 

Artifice (feu d'), fuJi-d' ar-te-feess, sm. fire- 
works, pyrotechny, art of fire-works. 

Artificiel, -le, ar-te-fe-syell, adj. artificial, 
made by art, fictitious, artful, contrived 
with skill. 

Artificiellement, ar-te-fe-syell-mang, ad. 
artificially, artfully, with skill, by art, with 
good contrivance. 

Artificier, ar-te-fe-syai, sm. maker of fire- 
works. 

Artificieusement, ar - te -fe ■ syuhze - mang, 
ad. cunningly, craftily, -artfully, slyly, 
with deceit, fraud. 

Artificieux, -se, ar-te-fe-syuhe, -ze, adj. 
artful, cunning, crafty, sly, deceitful, 
trickish, subtle, full of artifice. 

Artille, e, ar - te - yai, -e, adj. fortified, 
mounted with artillery. 

Artillier, ar-te-yai, sm. workman on ar- 
tillery, artillery workman. 

Artillerie, ar-te-yuh-ree, sf. artillery, can- 
non, great ordnance ; weapons of war. 



Artilleur, ar-te-yur, sm. artillery-mat^ 
gunner, cannonier, engineer managing the 
cannon. 

Artimon, ar-temong, sm. mizzen, mast in 
the stern of a ship. 

Artisan, ar-te-zang, sm. artisan, artist, pro- 
fessor of an art ; manutacturer, mechanic, 
low tradesman. 

Artison, ar-te-zong, sm. wood-louse, mille- 
ped (insect with numerous feet). 

Artisonne, -e, ar-le-zo-nai, -e, adj. worm- 
eaten, gnawed by worms ; old. 

Artiste, ar-teest, sm. artist, professor of an 
art, skilful man, artificer. 

Artiste dramatique, ar ■ teest -drah ■ mah - 
teek, sm. actor, actress, performer, come- 
dian, stage-player. 

Artistement, ar-teess-tuh-mang, ad. skil- 
fully, with art. 

Artistique, ar-teess-teek. adj. artist-like. 

Artre, artr, sm. kingfisher, a species of 
bird. 

Arum, ah-rom, sm. arum ; friar's cowl. 

Arusfice, ah-reusspeess, sm. soothsayer, 
diviner from the smoking entrails of sac- 
rifices. 

Aruspicine, ah-reuspe-seen, sf. divination 
by the entrails of animals (vide obs. 4, tab, 
&c.) 

As, ahss, sm. ace ; Roman weight and coin ; 
Dutch measure. 

As, ah, 2 per. sing. pres. ind. of avoir, hast. 

Asaphie, ah-zah-fee, sf. hoarseness, rough- 
ness of voice. 

Asakoton, ah-zah-ro-tong, sm. mosaic pave- 
ment, floor composed of small painted tiles 
skilfully joined. 

Asbeste, ass-best, sm. asbestos, an incom- 
bustible fossil stone. 

Ascarides, ass-kah-reed, smp. ascarides, 
little intestinal worms. 

Ascendance, ah-sang-dangse, sf. ascend- 
ency, superiority, power, influence. 

Ascenda.nt, all -sang -dang, sm. superiority, 
influence; height, elevation, power, incli- 
nation, disposition ; good luck ; ascend- 
ant. 

Ascendant, -e, ah-sang-dang, -t, adj. as- 
cending, superior, predominant, overpow- 
ering ; above the horizon. 

Ascendants, ah-sang-danghe, smp. ances- 
tors, forefathers, father, mother, &c. 

Ascension, ah-sang-syong, sf. ascension, 
rise, elevation ; visible ascension of our 
Saviour in heaven, ascension day. 

Ascensionnel, -le, ah-sang-syo-neli, adj. 
ascensional. Difference uscensionnelle, as- 
censional difference. 

Ascete, ah-sayte, sm. ascetic, hermit, an- 
choret, recluse. 

Ascetique, ah-sai-teek, sm. writer, author, 
book treating of spiritual life. 

Ascetique, ah-sai-teek, adj. ascetic, devo- 
tional, religious, pious, employed wholly 
in exercises of religion. 

Asciens, ah-se-yainghe, smp. ascii, inhabi- 
tants of the torrid zone. 

Ascite, ah-seet, sf. ascites, abdominal drop- 
sy, swelling of the lower belly. 

Ascitique, ah-se-teek, adj. ascitic, ascitical, 
dropsical, hydropical. 

Ascyrum, ah-se-rom, sm. St. John's wort ; 
milfoil ; yarrow. 

Asile, ah-zeel, sm. asylum, sanctuary, ref- 



ASS 



ASS 



age ; habitation, retreat, shelter ; protec- 
tor, defender, patron. 

Asine, ah-zeen, adj. ; I?£te asine, beyte-ah- 
teen, sf. ass; blockhead, stupid fellow, 
dolt. 

Asi'K or Aspi.e, asp, aspl, am. reel, turning 
frame to wind yarn into skeins from the 
spindle. 

Aspect, ass-peck, am. Aspect, look, air, ap- 
pearance/, countenance ; prospect, view, 
glance ; direction, relation, disposition of 
planets. 

Asperge, ass-pairhje, sf. asparagus, an escu- 
lent plant. 

Asperger, ass-pair-hjai, va. 1 r. to asperse, 
besprinkle, be Irop, lie. lew. 

Asperges, ass-pair-hjayss, am. holy-water 
sprinkler, ceremony, moment, anthem of 
the aspersion of the holy water. 

Asperite, aas-pai-re-tai, sf. asperity, tin- 
evenness, roughness ; hardness, sharpness, 
austerity, sourness; ill -breeding, rude- 
ness 

Aspersion, ass-pair-oynng, sf. aspersion, 
sprinkling, scattering drops of water. 

AsPERSon:, ass-pair -soo-ar, sm. small brush 
to sprinkle the holy water. 

Aspiialte. aB8-falt, am. asphaltos, bitumen, a 
fat unctuous matter dug- out of the earth, or 
scummed off lakes. 

Asphodele, ass-fo-dell, sm. asphodel, day- 
lily. 

Asphvxie, asK-feel;-see, sf. sudden privation 
of every vital sense, of motion, breathing, 
pulsation. 

Asphyxie, -e, ass-feeh-se-yai, adj. deprived 
of every sense of life. 

Asphyxiei;, ass-feek-se-yai, va. 1 r. to strike 
with a sudden "privation of motion, feeling, 
and pulsation. 

S'asphyxieu, s 1 ass-feek-se-yai, vref. to bring 
upon one's self a total privation of every 
sense. 

Aspic, ass -peel;, sm. aspic; calumniator, 
slanderer ; spikenard ; twelve-pounder. 

Aspic (langoe d') langg-d'ass-jKek, sf. 
backbiter, slanderer. 

Aspirant, ass-pe-rang, sm. candidate, com- 
petitor ; probationer ; novice. 

Aspii: lnt, -i'., ass-pe-rang, -t, adj. rising by 
suction, attraction. 

Aspikante, ass-pe-rangte, sf. probationer, 
novice. 

Aspiratif, -TE, ass-pe-rah-teef, -r, adj. aspi- 
rate, pronounced with full breath. 

Aspiration, ass-pe-rah-syong, sf. aspiration, 
ejaculation ; ardent desire ; suction ; pro- 
nunciation of a letter with full breath. 

Aspirer, ass-pe-rai, va. 1 r. to aspirate; draw 
breath ; breathe, blow ; attract, suck up ; 
pronounce with full breath. 

ASPIREB a, ass-pe-rai, va. 1 r. to aspire, 
seek, covet, desire eagerly, aim at, thirst 
after. 

Asprb, aspr, sm. Turkish silver coin, value 
half a crown. 

Ass A, ah-sah, sm. medicinal juice, resinous 
gum. 

AsSA-DOUI, ahsah-dooe, sm. benzoin, medici- 
nal resin from the Kast Indies. 

AssA-fomDA, ah-sah-fai-te-dah, sm. asafoet- 
id i. bitter resin with the taste of garlic. 

Assaillant, ah-snh -yang. sm. assailant, ag- 
gressor, assaulter ; challenger ; besieger. 



Assaillant, ah-sah-yang, pies. part, of as- 
saillir, assailing. 

Assaille, ahsah-yuh, pres. ind. and subj. of 
assaiUir, assault, may assault. 

ASSAU.UB, ah-sah-yeer, va. 2 irr. to assail, 
attack, assault, fall upon ; surprise. 

Assainir, ah-sai-neer, va. 2 r. to render 
wholesome, salubrious ; purify by draining 
marshes, &c. 

S' assainir, s' ah-sai-neer, vref. to grow or 
become wholesome, enjoy better health. 

Assainissement, ah-sai-neess-manq, sm. pu- 
rifying Oi the air; enjoyment of health. 

Assaisonnement, ah -say - eonn - many, sm. 
seasoning, ingredients, relish, sauce, dress- 
ing condiment. 

ASSAISONNER, ah-say-zo-nai, va. 1 r. to sea- 
son, give a relish ; qualify, mix, soften, 
sweeten, set off. 

Assaisonnecr, ah-say-zo-nur, sm. seasoner; 
flatterer. 

Assaisonneuse, ah-say-zo-nuhze, sf. season- 
er ; wheedler, cajoler. 

Assaki, ah-aah-ke, sf. assaki, the title of the 
favorite sultana of the grand seignior. 

Assassin, ah-sah-saing, am. assassin, mur- 
derer ; cruel person, villain. 

Assassin, -e, ah-sah-saing, -seen, adj. mur- 
derous, cruel ; killing. 

Assassine, ah-sah-seen, sf. murderess ; cruel 
woman, assassin. 

Assassinant, -E, ah - sah - se - nana , -t, adj. 
wearisome, tedious, troublesome, fatiguing. 

Assassinat, ah-sahse-nah, sm. assassination, 
murder, wilful murder, villany. 

Assassinatecr, ahsah-se-nah-tur, sm. as- 
sassinator, murderer, man-killer. 

Assassiner, ah-sah-se-nui, va. 1 r. to assas- 
sinate, murder, kill, waylay, take by treach- 
ery ; ill-use, outrage, vex, tire, plague ; 
kill game. 

Assation, ah-sah-syong, sf. assation, roast- 
ing, stewing in its own juice. 

Assaut, ah-soe, sm. assault, storm, onset, 
violence, invasion, hostility, attack, shock, 
trial, surprise, struggle. Emporter une 
vide d'assaut, to carry a town by storm. 

Assecher, ah-sai-shai, va. 1 r. to dry up, 
drain, leave dry ; become dry and bare. 

Asseie, ah-sai, pres. subj. of asseoir, may sit 
down. 

Asseierai, ah-sai-rai, fnt. of asseoir, shall or 
will sit down. 

Asseierais, ah-sai-rey, condit. of asseoir, 
would sit down. 

Assemblage, ah-sang -blahje, sm. assem- 
blage, collection, medley, confused heap, 
mixture, union, jumble ; meeting. 

Assemblee, ah-sang-biaie, sf. assembly, com- 
pany met together, ball, convention, meet- 
ing, congress; beat of drum, meeting-place. 

Assemblement, ahsang-bluhe-mang, sm. as- 
sembling, meeting, gathering of persons. 

Assembler, ah-sang-blai, va. 1 r. to assem- 
ble, collect, join, convoke, bring together ; 
sew. 

S'assembler, s' ah-sang-blai, vref. to meet, 
assemble ; join, unite, associate, meet to- 
gether. 

Assembleur, -se, ah-sang-blur, -bluhze, smf. 
collector ; sorter. 

Assener, ah-sai-nai, ra. 1 r. to hit, strike, 
apply, not to miss, attain, reach. 

Assentiment, ah-sanq-te-manq, am. assent- 



ASS 



ASS 



raent, consent, approbation, willingness ; 
scent. 

Assentir a, ah-sang-ieer, vn. 2 r. to assent, 
consent, concede, yield to ; scent, perceive 
by the nose. 

Asseoir, ah-soo-ar, va. 3 irr. to set, place, 
lay, assess, fix, settle, pitch, judge, ground. 

S'asseoir, s , ah-soo-ar, vref. to sit down, sit, 
rest, remain, fix one's self; perch, roost. 

Asseoir (faire), faire-ah-soo-ar, v. comp. 4. 
irr. to make one sit down, detain. 

Assermenter, ah-sair-mang-tai , va. 1 r. to 
put to an oath, declare upon oath, obtest by 

, an oath. 

S'assermenteR, s' ah-sair-mang-tai ', vref. to 
swear, take an oath, promise upon oath, 
give evidence upon oath. 

Asserteur, ah-sair-tur, sm. assertor, main- 
tained affirmer ; vindicator, defender. 

Assertion, as-sair-syong, sf. assertion, affir- 
mation, asseveration ; proposition, position. 

Asservir, ah-sair-veer, va. 2 r. to subject, 
enslave, bring into subjection ; conquer, 
subdue, overcome. 

Asservissemen't, ah-sair-veess-mang, sm. sla- 
very, bondage, servitude, subjection, loss 
of liberty. 

Assesseur, ah-ses-sur, sm. assessor, col- 
league, assistant, second partner in office or 
dignity. 

Assessoriale, ah-ses-so-ryal, adj. belonging 
to an assessor, of an assessor. 

Assette, ah-sett, sf. tiler's or bricklayer's 
hammer, cooper's addice, turner's hatchet. 

Asseyais, ah-sai-yey, imperf. ind. of asseoir, 
sat down. 

Asseyant, ah-sai-yang, pres. part, of asseoir, 
sitting down. 

Assez, ah-saie, ad. enough, sufficiently, in a 
sufficient degree, pretty, tolerably. 

Assez bien, ah-saie-byaing, ad. exp. pretty 
well, tolerably well. 

Assez souyent, ah-saie-soo-vang, ad. exp. 
pretty often, oftentimes. 

Assidit, -e, ah-sedeu, -e, adj. assiduous, dil- 
igent, constant, continual, close, sedulous. 

Assiduite, ah-se-deu-e-tai, sf. assiduity, dili- 
gence, constancy, application, closeness, at- 
tendance, continual care (vide obs. 4). 

Assidument, ali-se-deu-mang, ad. assidu- 
ously, diligently, constantly, with close ap- 
plication. 

Assieds, ah-syey, pres. ind. and 2 pers. sing, 
of the imper. of asseoir, sit down. 

Assiegeant, -e, ah-syai-hjang, -t, adj. be- 
sieging ; tedious, wearisome, troublesome, 
disagreeable. 

Assieseants, ah-si/ai-hjanghe, smp. besie- 
gers ; duns, creditors ; bumbailiffs. 

Assieger, ah-syai-Jijai, va. 1 r. to besiege, 
lay siege to, beset, shut up, surround ; 
tease, harass, vex, dun, fatigue. 

AssiEGES, ah-syaihjaie, snip, the besieged. 

Assiente, ah-syangte, sf. assiento, importa- 
tion of slaves in America. 

Assientiste, ak-syaing-teest, sm. shareholder 
in the importation trade of America. 

Assierai, ah-syai-rai, fut. of asseoir, will or 
shall sit down. 

Assierais, ah-syai-rey, condit. of asseoir, 
would sit down. 

Assiette, ah-syctl, sf. setting, position, dis- 
position, site ; assessment ; seat ; layer ; 
ground ; fund ; temper. 
46 



Assiette, ah-syett, sf. plate (small dish). 

Assiettee, ah-syai-taie, sf. plateful (better 
expressed by assiette). 

Assiette a mouchettes, ah-syett-an-moo- 
shett, sf. snuffers, pan or tray. 

Assignable, ah-seeng-ynbl, adj. assignable, 
that may be assigned, determined with pre- 
cision. 

Assign at, ah-seeng-yah, sm. assignment; 
French paper money issued in 17S9 and re- 
called in 1796. 

Assignation, ah-seeng-yahsyong, sf. assig- 
nation, appointment ; summons, citation ; 
rendezvous. 

Assign er, ah-seeng-yai, va. 1 r. to assign, 
make over ; summon, cite ; indicate, ap- 
point, show, fix, mark. 

Assimilation, ah-se-me-lah-syong, sf. assim- 
ilation, similitude, likeness, resemblance. 

Assimiler, ah-se-me-hu, va. 1 r. to assimi- 
late, liken, bring to a resemblance ; com- 
pare. 

Assimile, -e, ah-se-me-lai, -e, adj. like, re- 
sembling, having resemblance ; compara- 
ble. 

Assimulation, ah-se-meu-lah-syong, sf. coun- 
terfeiting, dissimulation, hypocrisy (vide 
obs. 4). 

Assis, ah-sp, pret. def. of asseoir, sat, seated. 

Assis, -e, ah-se, -seez, p. part, of asseoir, seat- 
ed, sitting. 

Assise, ah-seez, sf. layer of stones (in build- 
ings) ; reel. 

Assises, ah-seeze, sfp. assizes, circuit, session, 
criminal court ; assize (of bread). 

Assistance, ah-seess-tangse, sf, assistance, 
help, succor, aid ; audience ; presence ; as- 
sembly ; congregation. 

Assistant, -e, ah-seess-tang, -t, smf. assist- 
ant, helper, auxiliary, adjutor, attendant. 

Assistant, -e, ah-seess-tang, -t, adj. assistant, 
helping, lending aid, present. 

Assistants, ah-seess-tanghe, smp. assembl} - , 
congregation ; auditory, persons assembled 
to hear. 

Assistants, ah-seess-tavgte, sf. assistant, nun 
that assists the abbess. 

Assister, ah-seess-tai, va. 1 r. to assist, help, 
succor ; attend, accompany. 

Assister a, ah-seess-tai, vn. 1 r. to be at, ba 
present, assist, hear, attend ; colleague. 

S'assister, s' ah-seess-tai, vref. to help one's 
self; assist; aid, succor one another. 

Association, ah-so-se-yah-syong, sf. associa- 
tion, union, society, conjunction ; partner- 
ship ; fellowship. 

ASSOCIE, -E, ah-so-syai, -e, smf. associate, 
partner, companion, confederate : adj. as- 
sociate, confederate. 

Associer, ah-sn-syai, va. 1 r. to associate, 
admit, unite ; accompany ; fit, match. 

S'associer, s'ali-so-si/ni, vref to enter into a 
partnership ; frequent, visit, keep company 
with. 

Assolement, ah-sol-mang, sm. fallow, fal- 
lowness, state of being fallow, order, suc- 
cession. 

Assoler, ah-so-Jai, va. 1 r. to fallow, leave 
to rest after the years of tillage, lie at rest. 

Assombrir, ah-song-breer, va. 2 r. to gloom, 
darken, obscure ; sadden ; make melan- 
choly ; sully. 

S'assombrir, s'ah-song-hreer, vref. to become 
or grow gloomy, melancholy; dim, obscure- 



ASS 

Assommant, -k, ah-so-many, -t, adj. exces- 
sively painful ; wearisome, tiresome, te- 
dious, insupportable. 

Assommer, ahso-mai, va. 1 r. to knock down, 
fell, destroy, kill cruelly ; afflict, fatigue, 
tire, tease, vex, incommode, importune. 

Assommoir, ah-so-moo-ar, sm. bludgeon, 
short stick loaded at one end, deadly weap- 
on ; trap. 

Assommeur, -SE, ah-so-mur, -vhze, tanf. 
knocker down ; tiresome, troublesome per- 
son. 

Assomption, ah-sonype-syong, sf. assump- 
tion, thing suppr>M'ii, postulate ; taking up 
of the Virgin Mary into heaven, holyday. 

Asson'na>'ce, ah-so-nangse, sf, assonance, 
rhyme, consonance, reference of one sound 
to another. 

Assonnant, -e, ah-.so-no.nrj, -I, adj. assonant, 
resembling the sound of one another, con- 
form in sound. 

Assouti, -E, ah-sor-le, -e, adj. stocked, pro- 
vided, suited, fitted ; paired, matched. 

Assortiment, ah-sor-te-many, sm. sortment, 
match, set, suit ; stock, collection. 

Assortir, ah-sor-teer, va. 2 r. to assort, join, 
match ; supply, sort, stock, store, choose, 
select, put in order. 

Assoktiu a, ah-sor-teer, vn. 2 r. to suit, 
match, agree with, be matched. 

S'assoutir, s'ah-sor-teer, vref. to get a stock, 
provide one's self with. 

Assortissant, -E, ah-sor-te-sang, -t, adj. pair- 
ing, matching, suiting, fitting, conform. 

Assote, -e, ah-so-tai, -e, adj. assotted, fool- 
ishly fond, infatuated. 

Assoter, ah-so-tai, va. 1 r. to assot, infatu- 
ate, make foolish. 

S'assoter, s J ah-so-tai, vref. to dote foolishly 
upon, form a foolish attachment. 

AssouriR, ah-soo-peer, va. 2 r. to make 
sleepy, lull to sleep ; mitigate, suspend, ap- 
pease, suppress ; stifle, quiet, hush, deaden. 

S'aSSoupir, *■' ah-soo-peer, vref. to grow or 
feel sleepy, drowse, slumber, nap, be 
drowsy. 

Assoupissant, -e, ah-soo-pe-sang, t, adj. 
sleepy, drowsy, causing sleep, lethargic ; 
Btupi I, dull. 

Assoc i-issEMEXT, ah-soo-peess-mang, sm. 
drowsiness, heaviness, slumber ; careless- 
ness, negligence ; suppression. 

Assouflir, ahsoo-pleer, va. 2 r. to supple, 
make pliant, soft, flexible, compliant, duc- 
tile, tractable. 

S'assocplir, s'ah-soo-pleer, vref. to bend, 
grow supple, flexible, tractable, 

Assourdir, ah-soor-deer, va. '1 r. to deafen, 
stun, make deaf; darken, keep down. 

S'assourdir, s'aJi-soor-deer, ore/", to deafen, 
grow deaf. 

Assouvir, ah-soo-reer, va. 2 r. to satiate, 
satisfy, fill, gratify, glut. 

S'ASSOUVIR DE, s'ult-stio-veer, vref. to glut 
upon, devour; satisfy ; delight in. 

Assouyissement, ah soo-verss-inaii/j, sm. vo- 
raciousness, inordinate desire, gratification, 
brutal delight. 

AsstJJETTiR, ahseu-hjay-teer, va. 2 r. to sub- 
ject, fix, reduce to submission, subdue, con- 
strain, expose, make liable (vide obs. 4). 

S'asscjettir, s" ahseu-hjay-teer, vref. to sub- 
mit to, be subservient, subject, bind one's 
self to. 



AST 

ASSUJETTISSANT, -e, aii-seit-hjay-te-sano, ■(, 
adj. slavish, hard, laborious, mean, servile 
(vide obs. 4). 

Assujettissement, ah-seu-hjay-teess-mamj, 
sin. subjection, compliance, assiduity, sla- 
vishness, obligation, constraint, depend- 
ence (vide obs. 4). 

Assurance, ah-seuranyse, sf. assurance, con- 
fidence, trust; firmness, steadiness; bald- 
ness; safety, security: insurance (v. obs. 4). 

Assure, ah-seure, sf. gold or silver thread, 
used for embroidery (vide obs. 4). 

Assure, ah-seu-rai? sm. proprietor exempt 
from loss by insurance (vide obs. 4). 

Assure, -e, ah-seu-rai, -e, adj. assured, cer- 
tain, sure, confident, bold ;' impudent, im- 
modest (vide obs. 4). 

Assukemen't, ah-seu-rai many, ad. assured- 
ly, certainly, indubitably ; boldly ; impu- 
dently, sure enough (vide obs. 4). 

Assurer, ah-seu-rai, va. 1 r. to assure ; sup- 
port ; secure, make sure ; insure; embolden, 
encourage ; make fast, affirm, attest (vide 
obs. 4). 

S'assurer, s' 'ah-seu-rai, vref. to assure one's 
self, make sure o&bc. sure, bespeak, secure, 
seize upon (vide obs. 4). 

Assureur, ah-seu-rur, sm. assurer, insurer, 
underwriter (vide obs. 4). 

Astelle, ah-stell, sf. splint, bolster, compress 
for a wound. 

Astereometre, ass-tai-rai-o-maytr, sm. as- 
tereometer, instrument to calculate the ri- 
sing and setting of the stars. 

Asterisme, ass-tai-reessm, sm. asterism, con- 
stellation, assemblage of splendors. 

AsTERISQUE, ass-tai-reesk, sm. asterisk, star, 
mark in printing ; plant. 

Asthenie, ass-tai-nee, sf. asthenia, extreme 
debility, weakness. 

Asthmatique, ass-mah-teeJc, adj. asthmati- 
cal, short-breathed, troubled with an as! li- 
ma. 

Asthxie, assrn, sm. asthma, short breath, fre- 
quent and difficult respiration. 

Astic, ass-tcek, sm. polisher, tool made of 
wood or bone to polish. 

Asticoter, as.s-te-lo-tai, va. 1 r. to vex, tease, 
plague, contradict (for trifles). 

Astiquer, ah-stekai, va. 1 r. to polish. 

Astragale, ass-trah-yal, sm. astragal, little 
round moulding, ring at the top and bottom 
of a column ; sham liquorice. 

Astral, -e, ah-stral, adj. astral, starry, Qf 
the stars, relating to the stars. 

Astre, astr, sm. star, brilliant light ; great 
character, beauty, or genius. 

Astre du jour, astr-deu-hjoor, sm. sun, great 
luminary (vide obs. 4). 

Astke de la nuit, astr-dlah-neu-e, $m. moon, 
luminary of the nijrht. 

Astreignant, ah-strai-ing-yant, pres. part, 
of astreindre, constraining. 

Astreigne, ah-strai-iny-yuh, pres. snbj. of 
astreindre, may constrain. 

Astreignis, ah-strui-iny-yee, pret. def. of 
astreindre. 

Astreindre, ass-traiyndr, va. 4 irr. to con- 
strain, force, compel, subject ; confine, 
press, bind, tie up. 

S' ASTREINDRE, s'ass-traingdr , vref. to bind, 
tie, subject, confine one's self to; to stick to. 

Astreins, ah-straing, pres. ind. of astrtiiv 
dre, constrain. 

47 



ATI! 



ATT 



Astreint, ah-siraing, p. part, of astreindre, 
constrained. 

Astriction, ass-treeck-syang, ef. astriction, 
contraction, binding tip. 

Astringent, -e, ass-traing-hjang, -t, adj. as- 
tringent, binding, contracting. 

Astrolabe, ass-tro-lab, sm. astrolabe, cross- 
staff, quadrant. 

Astrolatrie, as-tro-lah-tree, sf. -worship, 
adoration of the stars. 

Astrologie, ah-stro-lo-hjee, sf. astrology, 
knowledge of the stars, divination. 

Astrologique, ah-stto-lo-hjeek, adj. astro- 
logical, relating to astrology ; professing 
astrology. 

Astrologue, ah-strolnrj, sm. astrologer, di- 
viner by the stars ; foreteller, predicter. 

Astromancie, ah-stro-mang-see, sf. divina- 
tion, prediction, foretelling by the stars. 

Astronome, ah-stro-nomm, sm. astronomer, 
observer of the celestial bodies and their 
motions. 

Astronomie, as-tro-no-mee, sf. astronomy, 
science of the celestial bodies. 

Astronomique, ah-stro-no-rneek, adj. astro- 
nomical, belonging to astronomy. 

Astronomiquement, ah-siro-novieek-mang. 
ad. astronomically, in an astronomical 
manner. 

Astuce, av-teicss, sf. cunning, artifice, sly- 
ness, deceit ; art, skill, knowledge ; craft. 

Astucieusement, as-teu-syuhze-mang, ad. 
cunningly ; artfully, craftily (vide obs. 4). 

Astucieux, -se, as-teu-syuhe, --<?, adj. cun- 
ning, artful, trickish, subtle, deceitful, 
craft}'. 

Asyle, ah-zeeU, sm. asylum, sanctuary, ref- 
uge ; habitation, retreat, shelter ; protector, 
patron, defender. 

Asymetrie, ah- se-mai-trcc, sf. asymetry, 
disproportion. 

Asymptote, ah- saing -ptott, sf. and adj. 
asymptote, right line that never can meet 
a curve. 

Asyndeton, ah-saing-dai-tong, sf asynde- 
ton, omission of a copulative conjunction. 

Atabale, ah tah-bal, sm. atabal, Moorish 
drum, tabor used by the Moors. 

Atauaxie, ah-tahrahk-see, sf. ataraxy. 

Ataraxie, ah -tah- rack -see, sf. ataraxy, 
tranquillity, ease, exemption from vexa- 
tion, peace of mind. 

Ataxie, ah-tack-sce, sf. irregular fever, ir- 
regular paroxysm. 

Ataxique, ah-tack-seek, adj. irregular, de- 
viating, not confined to. 

Atelier, ah-tuh-lyai, sm. workshop, work- 
men ; artists' room ; manufactory. 

Atermoiment, ah-iair-moo-ah-mang, sm. 
delay of payment, instalment, payments 
made at different times. 

Atermoyer, ah-tair-moo-ah-yai, ra. 1 r. to 
prolong the time of payment already due. 

ATERMOYE (un billet), ung-be-yai-ah-tair- 
moo-ah-yai, note due delayed for payment. 

S' atermoyer, s' ah-tair-moo-ali-yai, vref. 1 r. 
to gain time to pay instalments due. 

Atuanor, ah-tah-nor, sm. athanor, digesting 
furnace, producing various degrees of heat 
at the same time. 

Athee, ah-taie, emf. atheist, denier of the 
existence of God. 

4theisme, ah-tui-eessm, sm. atheism, disbe- 
lief of G od. 
48 



Atheistiqce, ah-tai-eess-teek, adj. atheisti. 
cal, impious, irreligious, godless. 

Athenienne, ah-tai-nyenn, sf. glass vase 
for flowers, fish, &c. ; smelling bottle, 
bracket. 

Atuekmasies, ah-tair-mah-zee, sf. excessive 
heat, morbid heat, morbific temperature. 

Atherome, ah-tai-rome, sm. atheroma, wen, 
callous excrescence. 

Athlete, atdelt, sin. wrestler, fighter, prize- 
fighter, master-wrestler. 

Athletique, at-lai-teek, adj. athletic, strong, 
vigorous, lusty ; robust. 

Athletiquement, oi-lai-teek-manq, ad. ath- 
letically. 

Atlante, at-Jangtf, sm. atlas, figure of a 
man bearing a burden; suppoiter of a 
building. 

Atlantique, at - haig - teck, adj. Atlantic, 
western. 

Atlas, at-lahss, sm. atlas, collection of maps, 
large square folio ; Indian satin. 

Atmosphere, at-mosfaire, sf. atmosphere, 
air surrounding the earth ; circumambient 
air. 

Atmospherique, at-mo-sfai-reek, adj. at- 
mospherical, of the atmosphere. 

Atome, ah-tome, sm. atom, minute object, 
indivisible particle, corpuscle. 
I Atomique, ah-to-meek, adj. atomic. 

Atomiste, ah-to-meest, sm. atomist, studier 
of atoms. 

Atonie, ah-to-nee, sf. weakness, debility ; 
relaxation of the fibres. 

A tort et a tr avers, ah - tor -ai - ah - trah- 
voir, ad. exp. inconsiderately, thought- 
lessly, at random. 

Atours, ah-ioor, smp. attire, dress, orna- 
ment (of a woman). 

Atours (dame d'), dam-d'aJi-toor, sf. tire- 
woman ; maid of honor. 

Atourner, ah-toor-nai. va. 1 r. to attire, 
dress, set off, ornament. 

Atout, ah too, sm. trump, winning card. 

Atrabilaire, uhtrah-Lc-lahe, adj. atrabi- 
larian, melancholic, hypochondriacal. 

Atrabilaire, aji-t/ah-be-laire, smf hypo- 
chondriac. 

Atrabile, ah-lrah-beel, sf. black bile, atra- 
bilatiousness, state of melancholy. 

Atrabilieux, -se, ah-trah-be-lyuhe, -;'', adj. 
affected with black bile. 

Atramentaire, ah - trah - mang - taire, sm. 
vitriolic stone, sulphate of iron. 

A travers de, ah-trah-vair, pr. through, 

^ across, athwart, cross. 

Atre, ahtr, sm. hearth, fire-place ; domestic 
comfort. 

Atroce, ah-tross, adj. atrocious, enormous, 
excessive; inhuman, cruel, ferocious. 

Atrocement, ah-tross-mang, ad. atrocious- 
ly, inhumanly, ferociously. 

Atrocite, ah tro-se-tai, sf. atrocity, atro- 
ciousness, horrible wickedness, cruelty, 
barbarity, ferocity, keinousm^s. 

Atrophie, ah-tro-fee, sf. atrophy, wasting, 
want of nourishment. 

Aitabli r, ah-tah-blai, va. 1 r. to set one at 
table, keep long at play, &c. 

S'attablkr, tfah-tah-blai, vref. to sit long at 
table, at play ; continue, stop ; play long, i 

Attachant, -e, ah-tah-shang, -t, aaj. allu- 
ring, enticing, agreeable, engaging, en- 
dearing, pleasing. 



ATT 



ATT 



Attache, aJi-tash, sf. tie, string:, thong, 
strap, cord, bond ; order, set; attachment, 
affection. 

Attache, -e, ah-tah-shai, -e, adj. covetous, 
interested, eager, prone, anxious. Vn at- 
tache", one connected with an embassy. 

Attaciiemf.nt, ah-fash-mang, sm. attach- 
ment, affection, regard, love; attention, 
devotedness, inclination, zeal. 

Attacher. ah-tah-shai, va. 1 r. to attach, 
tie, fasten, join, apply ; endear ; allure ; 
fix, aflix ■, depend, engage; attract. 

B' ATTACHES A, s'uh-tah-sltni, vref. to stick 
to ; follow, pursue ; conceive a regard, love 
for ; endeavor, strive ; give one's self up to. 

Attack-able, aJ^-taJi-kabl, adj. that may be 
attacked, encountered, opposed. 

Attaquaxts. ah-tah-kanyhe, smp. besiegers, 
attackers, assailants, aggressors. 

Attaque, ah-taeke, »/. attack, onset, as- 
sault, siege ; insult ; rub ; fit ; aggression, 
quarrel. 

Attaquer, ah-tah-kai, va. lr. to attack, as- 
sail, assault, besiege, storm ; quarrel, in- 
sult, provoke, attempt, fall upon. 

S'attaqceu A, s'ah-tah-kai, vref. to offend, 
challenge, insult, blame; set, fall upon, 
find fault with ; make answerable. 

Attakder (s - ), s'ah-t'ir-ilai, vref, 1 r. to be- 
gin late, be benighted, belated. 

Atteigxant, ah-tai ing-yang, pres. part, of 
atteindre, reaching. 

Atteigxis, ah-tni-ing-yee, pret. def. of at- 
teindre, reached. 

Atteixdre, ah-taingdr, va. 4 irr. to attain, 

Erocure, gain ; reach ; overtake ; touch, 
it, strike ; catch ; equal, come to. 
Atteixs, ah-laing, pres. ind. of atteindre, 

reach, attain. 
Atteixt, -e, ah-taing, -t, adj. arraigned ; 

afflicted ; hit ; charged with ; impeached. 
Atteixt, -e, ah-laing, -t, past part, of at- 

teindre, reached. 
Atteixte, ah-taingte, sf. reach, blow, at- 
tack ; impression ; maim ; stroke ; pang ; 

fit ; grief, pain. Donner a- quelque chose 

atteinle, to injure. Je suis hors de ses at- 

teintes, I am out of his reach. 
Attelage, att-lahje, sm. set of horses, har- 
ness ; equipage ; team. 
Attelf.r, att-lai, va. 1 /•. to harness, put 

horses or other beasts to any vehicle. 
Atteli.e, ah-tell, sf. splint ; handle of a tool, 

polisher, potter's tool. 
Atteloire, att-loo-ar, sf. peg, pin ; bolt, 

handle. 
Attenant, -e, alt-nang, -t, adj. adjoining, 

contiguous, bordering upon, next, near, 

vicinal, neighboring. 
Attenant, att-nang. pr. next to, near, nigh, 

close to, at no great distance. 
Attexdaxt (ex), ang-nah-tang-dang, ad. 

exp. in the mean time, in the interim, till 

then, until. 
Attendre, ah-tangdr, va. 4 r. to expect, 

wait for, tarry, iook out, hope for, delay, 

defer. 
Attendee a. ah-tangdr, vn. 4 r. to wait, 

stay, put otf, delay. 
S' attendre A, a' ah-tangdr, vref. to reckon 

upon, look for, rely, depend upon, expect, 

trust to. 
Attexdiur, ah-tang-dreer, va. 2 r. to move 

to pity, affect, soften, mollify. 
(3) 



S'attexdkir, s'ah-tanjj-dreer, vref. to be 
moved, affected, commiserate, compas- 
sionate. 

Attendbissant, -e, ah-tang-dre-Mmg, -t, 

adj. affecting, moving, exciting pity,' mov- 
ing to compassion. 

Attexdrissement, aJi-tang-dreess-mang, sm. 
tenderness ; commiseration, pity, sensibil- 
ity, affection. 

Attexdu, ah-lang-deu, pr. for, in considera- 
tion of, on account of (vide obs. 4). 

Attexdu que, ah-lang deu-kuh, eonj. seeing 
that, because, considering that, as, whereas 
(vide obs. 4). 

Attentat, ah-tang-tah, sm. attempt, deed ; 
crime, outrage, misdeed, infringement. 

Attextatoire, ah-tang-tah-too-ar, adj. un- 
lawful, illegal, criminal, outrageous.' 

Attexte, ah-tangte, sf. expectation, attend- 
ance ; hope, longing ; trust . attempt ; tear ; 
dependence, confidence, reiiance. 

Attexter A, ah-tang-lai, vn. 1 r. to attempt, 
attack, venture upon ; try, endeavor. 

Attextif, -te, ah-tang-ieef, -r, adj. atten- 
tive, mindful, heedful, regardful', intent, 
bent upon, anxious. 

Attextiox, ah-tang-syong, sf. attention, 
care, consideration ; regard, notice, appli- 
cation. Faire attention, to mind. 

Attextivement, ah-tang-tcee-mang, ad. at- 
tentively, carefully, with application. 

Attexuaxt, -e, ah-tai-neu-ang, -t, adj. at- 
tenuant, diminishing ; weakening, thin- 
ning, diluent. 

Attenuation, ah-tai-neu-ah-syong, sf. at- 
tenuation, debility, feebleness ; plea, ex- 
cuse, palliation, pulverization (vide obs. 4). 

Aitlnuer, ah-tai-neu ai, va. 1 /■. to attenu- 
ate, weaken, diminish, dilute, dissolve ; 
palliate, extenuate (vide obs. 4). 

Atteurage, ah-lai-rahje, sm. landing-place, 
landing. 

Atterrer, ah-tai-rai, va. 1 r. to throw 
down ; crush, destroy ; deject, overwhelm, 
discourage ; break, undo, ruin. 

Atterrir, ah-tai-reer, vn. 2 r. to land, dis- 
embark, go to land, gain land. 

Atterrissemext, ah-tai-reess-mang, sm. ac- 
cumulation of sand, alluvion, accretion of 
sand by sea-wash. 

Attestation, ah-tess-tah-syong, sf. attesta- 
tion, testimony, confirmation, evidence ; 
certificate. 

Attestation sous serment, ah-tess-tah- 
syong -sooe-sair-mang , sf. affidavit, declara- 
tion upon oath. 

Attestlk, ah-tess-tai, va. lr. to attest, cer- 
tify, aver, call to witness, swear. 

Atticisme, ah-teseessm, sm. Atticism, Attic 
style, concise and elegant mode of expres- 
sion, elegance of taste or behavior. 

Atticurgles, ah-tekurg-ge, sfp. pilasters, 
square columns. 

Attiedir, ahti/ai-deer, va. 2r. to cool, re- 
frigerate ; allay the heat ; render careless, 
negligent, supine, inactive. 

S'attiedir, s'ah-tyai-deer, vref. to begin to 
cool, grow cold ; be less vehement, pas- 
sionate ; become indifferent, supine. 

Attiedissemext, ah - tyai - deess - mang, sm. 
abatement of passion ; lukewarmness, in- 
difference, want of ardor. 

Attifer, ah-te-fai, va. 1 r. to trim, dress, 
adorn, deck, ornament (the head). 

49 



ATT 



AUC 



S'attifer, s'ah-te-fai, vref to trim, deck, 
decorate one's hair with affected care. 

Attifet, dh-te-fay, sm. head-dress, orna- 
ment for the hair, trinkets. 

Attique, ah-teek, sm. attic story, flat with 
the roof concealed, upper story. 

Attique, ah-teek, adj. Attic, delicate, poign- 
ant, just, upright. 

Attiquement, ah-Ceek-mang, ad. after the 
manner of the Athenians. ' 

Attirail, ah-te-rali-i/uh, sm. train, imple- 
ments, luggage, dress, equipage ; attend- 
ants, suite. 

Attirant, -e, ah-te-rang, -t, adj. attractive, 
inviting, alluring, enticing. 

Attireu, ah-te-rai, va. 1 r. to attract, draw, 
allure, invite ; occasion, bring, procure ; 
excite, raise. Attirer le caeur, to attract, 
win. 

S'attirer, s'ah-te-rai, vref. to gain, win, 
obtain ; incur, bring upon one's self or head. 

Attiser, ah-tezai, va. 1 r. to bring or put 
on fuel, kindle, set a burning. 

Attiser le feu, dh-te-zai-luh-fuhe, va. to 
stir the fire ; kindle, inflame, stir up, ex- 
cite, alarm, irritate the mind. 

Attiseur, ah-te-zur, sm. he who stirs the 
fire ; inciter, instigator, stirrer up, pro- 
moter of quarrels. 

Attiseuse, dh-te-zuhze, sf. she who stirs the 
fire ; stirrer up, inciter, fomenter of quar- 
rels. . 

Attisoir, ah-te-zoo-ar, sm. poker, iron bar to 
stir the fire (vide obs. 6). 

Attitue, -e, ah-te-trai, -e, adj. usual, habitu- 
al ; bribed ; posted ; appointed. 

Attitker, dh-ti-trai, va. 1 r. to name, ap- 
point, commission ; place in ambush ; bribe, 
suborn ; keep under covert. 

Attitude, dh-te-teude, sf. attitude, posture, 
situation, position, motion of the body (vide 
obs. 4). 

Attollon, ah-to-long, sm. cluster of small 
islands close to one another. 

Attouchement, ah-toosh-mang, sm. touch ; 
touching ; feeling. 

Attoucher, dh-too-shai, va. 1 r. to be al- 
lied, related. Attoucher de parente a quel- 
qu'un, to be related. 

Attractif, -VE, ah-track-teef, -v, adj. attrac- 
tive ; inviting, alluring, enticing. 

Attraction, dh-traclc-syong, sf. attraction ; 
power, inducement, allurement, entice- 
ment. 

Attractionaire, ah-track-syo-naire, sm. 
partisan of attraction. 

Attraire, ah-trayre, va. 4 irr. to attract, 
draw, please, charm, allure, entice, whee- 
dle, lay snares. 

Attrait, ali-tray, sm. attraction, inclination, 
love, affection ; influence, allurement, bait. 

Attraits, ali-tray, smp. charms, beauty, 
graces ; accomplishments. 

Attrape, dh-trapp, sf. gin, snare ; trick, 
bait ; pincers ; fastening-rope. 

Attrape-mouche, ah-trapp-mooshe, sf. gnat- 
snapper ; catch-fly. 

Attraper, ah-trah-pai, va. 1 r. to catch, 
seize, lay hold, snatch ; reach ; deceive, 
trick, swindle ; get, receive ; imitate. 

Attrapeur, ahtrah-pur, sm. catcber, de- 
ceiver, impostor, cheater, cunning fellow. 

Attrapeuse, ah-trah-peuse, sf. deceiver, in- 
veigler, wheedler, artful woman. 
50 



Attrapoire, ah-trali-poo-ar, sf. trap, snare ; 
trick, bait ; device, deceit, cunning. 

Attrayant, -e, ah-tray-ang, -t, adj. attract- 
ing, attractive, alluring, pleasing, lovely, 
charming, Inspiring love. 

Attremper, ah-trang-pai, va. 1 r. to temper, 
mix, form metals to a proper degree of 
hardness. 

Attribuer a, ah-tre-beu-ai, va. 1 r. to at- 
tribute, attach, annex; refer, impute; think, 
believe, assure (vide obs. 4). 

S'attribuer, s'ah-trc-bea-ai, vref. to appro- 
priate, ascribe to one's self ; assume, claim, 
take upon one's self (vide obs. 4). 

Attribut, ah-tre-beu, sm. attribute ; symbol, 
perfection ; appendant ; reputation, honor, 
emblem. 

Attributif, -ve, ah-tre-beu-teef -v, adj. at- 
tributable, ascribable ; imputable. 

Attribution, ah-tre-beu-syong, sf. attribu- 
tion, commendation, concession, power ; 
allowance ; privilege (vide obs. 4). 

Attristant, -e, ah-treess-tang, -t, adj. afflic- 
tive, painful, tormenting, sad, sorrowful, 
grievous. 

Attkister, ah-trccsstai, va. 1 r. to grieve, 
sadden, make melancholy, afflict. 

S'attrister, s'ah-treess-tai, vref. to grieve, 
mourn, be sorrowful ; afflict one's self. 

Attrition, ah-tre-syong, sf. attrition ; grief 
for sin ; friction ; slight excoriation. 

Attroupement, ah-troop-mang, sm. tumul- 
tuous crowd, mob, riot ; tumult, riotous 
meeting, multitude. 

Attrouper, ah-troopai, va. 1 r. to assemble, 
get, collect together. 

S' attrouper, s' ah-troopai , vref. to flock in 
crowds ; gather, assemble, join together. 

Au, o, art. m. sing, to the, in the, with the 
(formed of the prep, a and le contracted). 

Aubade, o-bad, sf. concert, serenade (before 
daybreak), insult, fright, reproof, repri- 
mand. 

Aubain, o-baing, sm. foreigner, stranger, 
alien. 

Aubaine, o-ben, sf. windfall, unexpected ad- 
vantage, sudden fortune, price ; escheat. 

Aube, obe, sf. break of day, dawn, peep of 
day, daybreak ; alb, ladle. 

Aubenage, obe-nahje, sm. ancient manorial 
right, escheatage. 

Aubepine, o-bai-peen, sf. hawthorn, white 
thorn, thorn bearing haws. 

Auberge, o-bairhje, sf. inn, house of enter- 
tainment for travellers, open house. 

Aubergiste, o-bair-hjeest, smf. landlord or 
landlady, innholder, innkeeper, host, host- 
ess. 

Auberon, o-buh-rong, sm. catch of a lock. 

Aubier, o-byai, sm. white hazel-tree ; soft 
substance next to the bark of trees. 

Aubifoin, o-be-foo-aing, sm. corn-flower, 
blue-bottle. 

Aubin, o-baing, sm. white of an egg ; canter, 
short gallop. 

Aubiner, o-be-nai, vn. 1 r. to trot, get into a 
canter ; walk fast. 

Aubours, o-boore, sm. laburnum, bean-tre- 
foil-tree. 

Au CAS QUE, o-kah-kuh, conj. if, in case. 

Aucun, -e, o-kung, -n, adj. none, no one, not 
one, any, some. 

Aucunement, o-keunn-mang, ad. not at all, 
by no means, in no wise. 



AUG 



AUK 



Arnu'K, o-da&se, sf, audacity, spirit, bold- 
ness, assurance, impudence, hardihood, 
rashness, courage. 

Audacieusement, o-dah-syidizc-mang, ad. 
audaciously, boldly, impudently. 

Audacieux, -BE, o-dah-syidir, -ze, adj. auda- 
cious, bold, impudent, insolent, rash, dar- 
ing, high-spirited, presumptuous. 

Au-i>eca DE, o-dsah, pr. on this side. Au- 
depa de la riviere^ on this side of the river. 

Au-dela de, o-dlah, pr. beyond, on the other 
side. 

Au-tiKVANT, o-diang, pr. against, before, 
over -against. 

Au-devant de (aller), m. 1 irr. to go to 
meet ; anticipate, provide for or against, 
secure, make sure. 

Au-DEVANT DE (aller), rn. 1 irr. to prevent, 
be beforehand, anticipate, obviate ; encoun- 
ter, brave, oppose. 

Audience, o-dyangsse, sf. audience, atten- 
tion, hearing ; reception ; auditory ; court 
of justice, people present. 

Audiencier, o-dyang-syai, sm. crier of a 
court, verger, grand auctioneer, state-officer, 
or minister. 

Auditeur, o-de-tur, sm. auditor ; hearer ; 
student ; lawyer ; judge. 

Auditif, -ve, o-de-teef, -v, adj. auditory, con- 
veying sound, having the power of hearing. 

Audition, o-de-syong, sf. audition, hearing, 
examination, judicial trial. 

Auditoire, o-de-too-ar, sin. auditory, audi- 
ence hall ; collection of people, congrega- 
tion, meeting. 

Auge, ohje. sf. trough, tray, tub, hod ; chan- 
nel ; bucket. 

Auc.ee, o-hjaie, sf trough-full ; tray-full. 

Auget, o-hjaty, sm. bird-seed drawer or 
trough ; spout of a mill-hopper. 

Augment, og-mang, sm. augment, increase, 
jointure, dowry. 

Augmentatif, -ve, og-mang- tah-teef -v, adj. 
increasing, augmenting, productive of more. 

Augmentation, og mang-tahsyong, sf. aug- 
mentation, increase, addition. 

Augmenter, og-mdng-tai, ra. 1 r. to aug- 
ment, increase, raise, make bigger or larger, 
enlarge, magnify, aggravate, add. 

S'augmeNTer, sfag-mang-tai, vref. to in- 
crease, enlarge, expand, grow bigger or 
larger. 

AUGURAL, -f, n-gu-ral, adj. augurial, belong- 
ing or relating to an augur. 

AUGDRE, o-gure, sm. augur, diviner ; prog - 
nosticator ; prophet. 

Augure. o-gure, sm. augury, omen, prognos- 
tication, foretelling, prediction, presage, 
prophecy. 

AUGUKE (OISEAU DE MAtJVAlS), OO-aJl-ZO-dldl- 

mo-vey-zo-gure, sm. hateful man or woman ; 
bringer of bad news. 

Augure (MAUVAts). mo-tay-zo-gure, sm. ill 
bodement, bad omen, unlucky beginning or 
appearamce. 

AOGURER, o-gu-rai, va. and n. 1 r. to augur, 
guess, conjecture; presage, foretell, predict; 
announce. 

ACGVSTE, o-guste, adj. august, great, awful, 
grand, royal, magnificent, venerable, ma- 
jestic. 

AUGDSTEMENT, n-guss-tith-mang, ad. majes- 
tically, with dignity, grandeur, sublimely, 
grandly. 



Aucustin, ogusne-taing. sm. Augustine or 
Austin friar (monk oi the order of St. Au- 
gustine) ; printer's type 

Augustine, o-gusse-teen. sf. Augustine nun, 
nun of the order of St. Augustine ; foot- 
stove. 

Aujourd'hui, O-hjoor-deu-e, sm. to-day, this 
day, the present time: ad. now-a-days, in 
the present age. 

Aulique, o-leek, adj. aulic. Conseil aulique, 
cong-say-yo-hek, aulic council. 

AuuiiUE, o-lecl:, sf. theological thesis to ob- 
tain the degree of doctor. 

Aumailles, o-mah-yuh, sfp. horned cattle, 
black cattle. 

Aumone, o-mone, sf. alms, charity, relief, 
assistance ; beggary. 

Aumonee, o nwr-naie, sf. distribution of 
bread to the poor (so many times a week, 
or after a funeral). 

Aumoner, o-moe-nai, va. 1 r. to bestow alms; 
pay a fine for the poor ; be condemned to 
pay a fine. Awn ones fieffes, lands given to 
the church for alms, frank almoin. 

Aumonerie, o-mone- ree, sf. dignity, office of 
an almoner ; almonry. 

Aumonier, o-moe-nyai, sm. almoner, chap- 
lain. 

Aumonier, -e, o-moe-nyai, -aire, adj. chari- 
table, beneficent, benevolent, kind in giving 
alms. 

Aumusse, o-meuss, sf. cowl, hood lined with 
fur (worn on the arm in summer by canons). 

Aunage, o-nahje, sm. alnage, measurement 
by the ell, yard. . 

Aunaie, o-naie, sf. plantation of alder-trees. 

Aune, or.ne, sf. ell, measure containing a yard 
and a quarter. Tout du long de Valine, 
soundly. 

Aune (mesurer a l'), muh-zeu-rai-ah-l'oene, 
va. 1 r. to judge by appearance or looks. 

Aune (mesurer a son), mirfi-zen-rai-ah- 
song-noene, v. to judge of others by one's 
self, think others as bad as one's self. 

Aune, orne, sm. alder, a tree having leaves 
resembling those of the hazel. 

Aunee, o-naie, sf, elecampane, starwort. 

Auner, o-nai, va. 1 r. to measure by the ell ; 
beat. 

Auneur, o-nur, sm. alnager, inspector of the 
assize of cloth ; ell-measurer. 

Auparavant, o-par-ah-vavg, ad. formerly, 
in times past, before, heretofore. 

Au pis aller, opee-zah-lai, ad. e.rj>. let the 
worst come to the worst, happen what may. 

Aupres de, o-prey, pr. near, nigh ; close to ; 
about ; by ; to ; next to. Eh t bien aupres 
de, to be in the good graces of any one. 

Aupres, o-prey, ud. hard by; close by; near; 
not far off. 

Aurai, o-rai, fut. of avoir, shall or will have. 

Aurais, o-rey, cond. of avoir, would have. 

Aurelie, o-rai-lee, sf. aurelia, chrysalis, first 
change of a maggot. 

Aureole, o-rai -nil. sf. glory; crown; blaze 
of light round the head. 

AURICUXAIRE, o-re-ku-layre, adj. auricular, 
secret ; told in the ear. 

AURICDLE, o-re-kule, sf. auricula, bear's ear, 
a flower. 

Aurifere, o-refayre, adj. auriferous, pro- 
ducing gold. 

\ikifiquf, o-re-feek, adj. convertible, trans- 
mutable into gold. 

51 



AUT 



AVA 



Aurillas, o-re-ydh. Cheval aurillas, shuh- 
val-o-re-yah, sm. long-eared horse. 

Auripeau, o-re-po, sm. tinsel ; Dutch metal ; 
imitation of gold leaf. 

Aurone, o-ronn, sf. southernwood, wild 
wormwood. 

Aueoue, o-rorr, sf. aurora, dawn, break of 
day ; beautiful virgin ; east ; butterfly ; ser- 
pent ; cardamomum ; yellow color. 

Aurors boreale, o-rorr-ho-rai-al, sf. au- 
rora borealis, northern lights. 

Auscultation, os-kule-tah-syong, sf. auscul- 
tation, hearkening, listening to. 

Auspice, os-peess, tin. auspice, omen, presage, 
protection, favor, influence, patronage, sup- 
port. 

Aussi, o-se, ad. also, so, too, but, as, truly, 
likewise. 

Auss t que, o-se-kuh, conj. as, so — as. 

Aussi bien, o-se-byaing, for, because; as well. 

Aussj peu, ose-puhe, as little ; ever so little. 

Aussitot, o-se-toe, ad. immediately, instant- 
ly, without delay, out of hand. 

Aussitot que, o-se-toe-fcuh, conj. as soon as. 

Aussitot dit, aussitot fait, o-se-toe-de, o-se- 
toe-fay. ad. exp. no sooner said than done. 

Austere, os-tayre, adj. austere, severe, rude, 
harsh, rigid ; sour, astringent ; simple, 
chaste. 

Austekemf.nt, os-tayre-mang, ad. austere- 
ly, severely, rigidly, in an austere manner. 

Austerite, os-tai-re-tai, sf. austerity, severi- 
ty ; strictness, cruelty ; harsh discipline ; 
acidity, sourness. 

Austral, -e, os-tral, adj. austral, southern. 

Autan, o-tang, sm. south wind. 

Autant, o-tang, ad. as much, so much ; as 
many, so many. 

Autant que, o-tang-kuh, conj. as much as ; 
so — as ; as far as. Je suis autant que vous, 
I am as good as you. 

D'autant mieux, d'o-tang-myuhe, ad. the 
more the better. 

D'autant moins, d" o-tang -moo -a ing, ad. the 
less, so much the less. 

D'autant plus, d' o-tang -pleu, ad. the more ; 
so much the more (vide obs. 4, tab.). 

D'autant, d' o-tang, ad. much, very much, 
too much, so much. 

Autel, oe-tell, sm. altar, communion-table. 

Auteur, oe-tur, sm. author, creator, maker; 
inventor ; writer, composer ; cause ; au- 
thority ; work. 

Authenticity, o-tang -te-se-tai, sf. authen- 
ticity, authority, genuineness. 

Authentique, o-tang -teek, adj. authentic, 
genuine, provable, certain, irrefutable, 
public. 

AUTHENTIQUEMENT, o-tang -teek-mnng, ad. 
authentically, in an authentic manner. 

Autobiographie, o-to-be-o-grah-fee,sf. auto- 
biography. 

Autocratie, o-to-krah-see, sf. autocrasy, ab- 
solute or despotic government. 

Autocephale. o - to -sai -fal, sm. one's own 
master or ruler. 

Autochthones, o-tock-tone, smp. aborigines, 
earliest inhabitants of a country. 

Autocrate, o-lo-krahte, sm. autocrat. 

Auto-da-fe, o-to-dah-fai, sm. auto-da-fe, sol- 
emn execution of death. 

Autographe, o to-graff, sm. autograph, a 
person's own writing, original writing. 

Automate, o-lo-matt, sm. automaton, ma- 
52 



chine having the power of motion within 
itself; stupid fellow. 

Automatique, o-to-mah-teek, adj. automatic. 

Automnal, -e, o-tom-naL, adj. autumnal, 
belonging to autumn. 

Automne, o-tonn, smf. autumn ; fall of the 
leaf. 

Autonomie, a-tono-mee, sf. autonomy, liv- 
ing according to one's own mind. 

Autopsie, o-to-psee, sf. autopsy, ocular de- 
monstration ; meditation. 

Autorisation, o-to-rc-zah-syong, sf authori- 
zation, establishment by authority, permis- 
sion, power. 

Autoriser a, o-to-re-zai, va. 1 r. to autho- 
rize, give authority, impower, justify, prove 
a thing to be right. 

S'autoriser, s'o-to-re-aai, vref. to get credit, 
power, be authorized, permit one's self. 

Autorite, o-to-re-tai, y'. authority, legal 
power, influence, credit, support, counte- 
nance, testimony, credibility. 

Autour, o-toor, ai»- goshawk, a hawk of a 
large kind. 

Autour de, o-toor, pr. about, round, near to. 

Autour, o-toor, ad. round, about, round 
about. 

Au travers, 1 travers, o-traii-vair, prep. 
through, across. 

Autre, otre, pron. mf. other, another. Comme 
dit I'autre, as the saying is. Donnez-moi 
autre chose, give me something else. 

Autrefois, o -truh -foo-ah, ad. formerly, 
heretofore, in former times, in times past 
(vide obs. 6). 

Autrement, o-truh-mang, ad. otherwise, in 
a different manner ; in other respects. 

Autrepart, o-truh-par, ad. elsewhere, in 
another place, in some other place, some- 
where else. 

AutruCHE, o-treush, sf. ostrich ; tall stupid 
man. 

Estomac d'autruche, ess-to-mah-d'' o-treusli, 
sm. great eater, glutton, gourmand (vide 
obs. 4). 

Autrui, o-treu-e, pron. others : other people. 

Auvent, o-vang, sm. pent-house, shed, slight 
roof, a slope against a wall. 

Auvernat, o-vair-ndh, sm. coarse red heavy 
wine made in Orleans ; auvernat, sort of 
grape. 

Aux, oe, art. mfp. to the, in the, with the 
(formed of the preposition a and Us con- 
tracted). 

Auxese, ok-sayze. sf. auxesis, amplification, 
exaggerated representation, diffuseness. 

Auxiliare, oik - se - lyayre, adj. auxiliary, 
helping, assisting. 

Auzometre or Auxometre, o- zo-maytr, 
oak zo-maytr, sm. auzometer, instrument to 
ascertain the power of glasses. 

AvACHIR (S'), s'ah-cah-sheer, vref. 2 r. to 
grow spiritless, dejected, feeble, lose vigor ; 
flag, flat, hang down. 

Avage, ah-vahje, sm. hangman's fees levied 
on market days in France. 

Avais, ah-i-ay, imperf. ind. of avoir, had. 

Aval, ah-val, sm. endorsement, security, 
caution, surety for payment. 

Aval, ah - val, ad. downwards, down the 
river, westward, towards the west. 

Aval (vent d'), vang-d'ah-val, sm. westerly 
wind. 

AvalaGE, ah-vah-lahje, shi. availing, going 



AVA 



AVA 



down the river ; letting down liquids in a 
cellar. 

AVAI.USO.V, (ih-rnh-hii 



rush of water, lioor, 



■zong, sf. 

torrent ; 



impetuous 
accumula- 



tion of stones, sudden squall of wind. 

Avalanche, uh-fult-ltinr/shf, sf. mass of dis- 
solving snow, detached and falling down 
with awful effects from snowy mountain--. 

Avai.a.nt, -f., ah-rah-lang, -t, adj. going 
down the stream, ebbing, refluent. 

Avai.assk, ah-vah-lass, sf. impetuous tor- 
rent, flood, rush of water ; continuance of 
the westerly wind. 

Avai.i:. -E, ah rahlai, -e, adj. pendulous, 
pendent, hanging down. 

Avai.ek, ah-vah-laie, sf. length of web done 
at i 'iice without unrolling:. 

Avaler, ah-vah-lai, va. 1 r. to swallow ; 
long for ; put up, pocket ; endure mortifi- 
cations without complaining; ; cut, take off, 
let down. Acaler du vin dans la care, to 
let wine down into the cellar. Avaler des 
eouleuvres, to pocket an affront. 

Av.vi.F.i:, ak-vah-lai, dr. 1 r. to go down the 
current ; run down. 

S'avalek, s'ah-vah-lai, vref. to sink, de- 
press, flag, go down. 

Avaleuk. -se, ah-vahlur, -luhze, smf. glut- 
ton, gourmand ; simpleton, dolt. 

Avaleur, -se de couleuvres, -duh-koo- 
lular, smf. toad-eater, mean parasite. 

Avaleuk, -se de chakrettes ferrees, 
-duh-fhahrayte fay -rate, bully, braggado- 
cio, puffing boasting person. 

AVALOIRE, ah-vah-loo-ar, sf large throat or 
swallow ; glutton ; crupper ; inclosure to 
catch salmon (vide obs. 6). 

Avaloire (quelle), hell - ah - rah -loo -ar ! 
what a guzzler ! what a gormandizer ! what 
a throat ! 

Avalure, ah-vahleure, sf. hard swelling on 
the foot of a horse ; disease of some ani- 
mals. 

Avakce, ah-rangse, sf. advance, start, pro- 
gression ; anticipation ; projection ; ad- 
vance-money; step, offer, tender ; progress. 

Avance (par or d'5, par or d'ah-vangs«>, ad. 
beforehand, before the time ; by anticipa- 
tion, before. 

Avancement, ah-vangse-mang, sm. advance- 
ment, improvement, progress ; preferment, 
approach, elevation. 

Avancek, aJi-vangsai, va. 1 r. to advance, 
start, anticipate, forward, improve, expe- 
dite, promote, raise, pay beforehand ; trust ; 
hasten ; set up. L'horloge avance, the 
clock goes too fast. 

S'avancer, s'ah-vang-nai' vref. to come, 
move, go forward, make a fortune, im- 
prove, engage one's self. 

Avanie, ah -rah -nee, sf. premeditated in- 
sult ; affront ; ill-treatment ; extortion of 
the Turks over the Christians to raise their 
ransoms. 

Aya.nt, ah-vang, sm. prow, head or forepart 
of a ship. 

Ava.vt, ah-vang, pr. (denoting priority) be- 
fore, in preference to, prior to, superior to. 

Ava.nt, ah-vang, ad. (denoting motion, pri- 
ority, progress, depth) forward, hitherto, 
further, onward, deep. far. 

Ava.nt (e.v). aiig-n' ah-vang, ad. forward, on- 
ward, progressively. Metlre en arant, to 
propose. Aller en uvant, to go forward. 



Ava.nt QUE (subj.), Avast DE (inf.) rr -»0- 
ali-rang huh, -duh, before. 

Ayastage, ah-vang-tahje, sm. advantage, 
superiority, profit ; gift, endowment* privi- 
lege, honor, victory ; odds; opportunity; 
swiftness. 

AVAKTAGER, ah-vang-Udihjai, ra. 1 r. to 
advantage, benefit, promote, bring for- 
ward, favor. 

Avantageusement, ah - rang -iah - lijuhze - 
viang, ad. advantageously, opportunely, 
to m veniently, profitably. 

Advantageux, -se, ah'vang-tah-hjuhe, -ze, 
atlj. advantageous, profitable, useful, con- 
venient ; noble, grand, handsome. 

Avantageux, -se, ah-vang -tah-hjuhe, -ze, 
smf. and adj. person proud, presumptuous, 
bold, vain, taking advantage over. 

Avant-bec, ah-vang-beck, sm. projecture, 
jutting out, jutting stone. 

A v ANT-BRAS, ah-vang-brah, sm. the arm, 
from the elbow to the wrist. 

AVANT (THEMIS' COUVERT, ah - Vang - shliJl - 

maing-koo-oair, sm. first covert way. 

Avant-cozuk, ah-rang kur, sm. antestom- 
ach, pit of the stomach ; anticor, preter- 
natural swelling in a horse's breast. 

Avast corps, ah-vang-cor, sm. projecting 
building, jutting ornaments. 

Avant-cour, ah-vang-koore, sf. fore-court, 
fore-yard. 

Avant-coureur, ah-vang-koo-rur, sm. fore- 
runner, harbinger, prognostic, warning. 

Ayast-courriere, ahvang-koo ryayre, sf. 
forerunner, harbinger ; dawn, break of 
day, aurora. 

Avast-dersier, -E, ah - rang - dair - nyai, 
-aire, smf. last but one ; penultima. 

Avant-FAIRE-droit, ah-vang -fair e-droo-ah, 
sm. interlocutory judgment ; decision (vide 
obs. 6). 

At ant-fosse, ah-vang-fo-sai, sm. fore ditch, 
first trench. 

Avant-garde, ah-vang-ghard, sf. avant- 
guard, vanguard. 

Avant gout, ah-ranggooe, sm. foretaste, 
anticipation, successful trial. 

Avant-hier, ah-vangtyair, sm. day before 
yesterday. 

Avastis, ah-vangtaing, sm. layer of a vine, 
scion. 

Av a nt-jour, ah-vang-hjoor, sm. twilight, 
faint light before sunrise. 

AVANT-LOGIS, ah-vang lo-hje, sm. fore build- 
ing, wing of a building. 

Ayant-main, ah-vang-maing, sm. palm of 
the hand ; fore-hand stroke ; fore-hand, 
head, neck, shoulders of a horse. 

Avast-midi, ah-vang-me-de, sm. before noon, 
forenoon. 

Avant-mur, ah-vang -meur, sm. outward 
wall. 

Avant-pied, ah-vang-pyai, sm. upper-leath- 
er ; instep ; fore-foot. 

Avast-propos, ah-vang-pro-poe, sm. pre- 
liminary conversation ; preamble, preface. 

Avant-poste, ah-vang-post, sm. fore-poet, 
advanced post. 

Ava.nt-quakt. ah-vang-kar, sm. warning of 
a clock before the hour, quarter, or the 
half hour. 

Avast-scene, ah - vang ■ seyne, sf. prosce- 
nium, space between the drop-scene and 
orchestra. 

53 



AVE 



AVI 



Avant-toit, ah-rang-too-ah, sm. projecting 

roof, roof over a portico, gallery, piazza 

(vide obs. C). 
Avant-train, ah - rang - train ff, sm. fore- 
wheels, beam, splinter-bar of a coach, &c. 
Avant-veille, ah-rang-ray-yuh, sf. day be- 
fore, the eve. 
Avake, ah - rarrc, smf. miser, covetous 

wretch, niggard, griper. 
Avaiie, ah-rarre, adj. avaricious, covetous, 

griping, sordid, stingy, parsimonious. 
Ayarement, ah-var-mang, ad. avariciously, 

covetously, in a stingy manner. 
Avarice, ah-vdh-reess, sf. avarice, covetous- 

ness, insatiable thirst after money, stingi- 
ness. 
Avaricieux, -se, ali-vah-re-syuhe, -ze, adj. 

avaricious, covetous, stingy, mean. 
Avaricieux, ah - rah -re -syuhe, sm. sordid 

wretch, miser, niggard. 
Avaricieuse, ah-vah-fesyuhze, sf. sordid 

woman, pinch-penny. 
Avarie, ah-vah-ree, sf. average, damage ; 

shore-duties. 
Avarie, -e, ah-vah-ryai, -e, adj. averaged; 

damaged, spoiled by sea-water. 
Avaries, ah-rah-ree, sfp. average; loss, 

damage by sea-water. 
Avariek, ah-vah-re-ai, va.lr. to damage. 
A-vau-l'eau, dh-vo-Po, ad. exp. down the 

river ; to no purpose. 
Ave or Aye-Maria, ah-vai-mah-ryah, sm. 

ave, prayer to the Virgin Mary, short 

time ; small bead of a rosary, one out of 

the ten. 
Avec, ah-veck, pr. with ; for ; against ; by ; 

in, withal, among. Avec tela, lor all that. 

D'avt c, from. 
Aveindre, ali-vaingdr, va. 4 irr. conjugated 

like craindre, to reach, fetch, take down 

or out. 
Ayeline, av-lecn, sf. filbert, fine hazel-nut 

with a thin shell. 
Avelinier, av-le nyai, sm. filbert-tree. 
Avexai;e. av-nahje, sm. avenage, oats paid 

to a landlord ; rent in kind. 
Avenant, -e, av-nang, -t, adj. njrreeable, 

pleasing, genteel, well-looking, suitable. 
Avenant (a l'), dh-V av-nang, ad. in pro- 
portion, in case. 
Avenement, ah-ren-mang, sm. coming ; ac- 
cession, promotion. 
Avemr, av-neer, sm. future, time to come, 

futurity ; posterity ; summons. 
Avenir, av-neer, adj. future, to come, that 

shall or must be. 
Avenir, av-neer, mono. v. like venir, to 

happen, chance, fall out. 
A i.' avenir, ah-Pav -neer, ad. henceforth, 

for the future, hereafter, for the time to 

come. 
Avent, ah-rang, sm. advent, coming of our 

Saviour ; four weeks before Christmas, 

time of devotion. 
A VENTURE, ah - rang - teure, sf. adventure, 

event, accident, chance, hazard ; story ; 

intrigue ; fortune ; enterprise, love (vide 

obs. 4). 
A l'aventure, ah-l'ahrangteure, ad. at 

chance, at random, at a venture, without 

intention. 
D'A VENTURE, d'ah-vang-teure, ad. by chance, 

perchance, perhaps, peradventure, it may 

be. 

54 



Par ayenture, par-dh-vang-teure, ad. by 
chance, unexpectedly, suddenly, at a time 
when unthought of (vide obs. 4). 

Aventurer, ah-rang -ten - rai, va. 1 r. to 
venture, expose to hazard, risk, put to a 
venture. 

S'aventurer, s'ah-vang-teu-rai, vref. to 
hazard, run the risk, engage in, make at- 
tempt (vide obs. 4). 

Ave.ntureux, -SE, ah - rang - ten - r idle, -ze, 
adj. venturous, daring, ' bold, fearless ; 
ready to run hazards (vide obs. 4). 

Aijve.nturier, ah-rang ieu-i i/ii i, sm. adven- 
turer; fortune-hunter, swindler; volun- 
teer, stockholder ; privateer (\ ide obs. 4). 

Aventuriere, ah-varig-ieu-ryayre\ sf. ad- 
venturer, cozener ; strumpet . gad-about 
(vide obs. 4). 

Avenue, av-neu, sf. avenue, alley; walk of 
trees before a house (vide obs. 4). 

Averer, ah-vai-rai, va. 1 r. io aver, declare 
positively, certify, assert, prove ; make 
one's self sure. 
• Averse, dh-vairse, sf. heavy shower, sud- 
den and heavy shower. 

A-VERSE, dh-vairse, ad. as hard as it can 
pour ; abundantly. 

Aversion, ah-vair-syong, sf. aversion, re- 
pugnance, disgust ; hatred, antipathy, de- 
testation, dislike. 

Averti, ah-rair-te, sm. advice, warning, 
caution, previous notice. 

Avertin, ah-vaii -iaing, sm. madness, frenzy, 
craziness ; whim; caprice. 

Avertineux, -SE, ahra ir-te-mihe, -ze, adj. 
mad, frantic ; crazy, broken-wilted. 

Avertir, ah-vair-t' er, va. 2 r. to inform, 
give notice or information ; warn, cau- 
tion. 

Avertissement, ah-vair-teess-mang, sm. in- 
formation, notice, warning, caution, ad- 
vice, admonition, advertisement; defence. 

Ayertisseur, ah-vair-ie- sur, sm. herald, 
crier ; advertiser. 

Aveu, -x, p. ah-vuhe, sm. acknowledgment, 
confession, concession ; approbation, con- 
sent, testimony, character ; fealiy. 

Aveugle, ah-vuhegl, adj. blind, without 
sight ; ignorant, unlettered, without knowl- 
edge, implicit. 

Aveugle ne, -e, ah-vuhegl-nai, -e, adj. born 
blind, stone blind. 

A l'aveugle, en aveugle, ad. exp. blindly ; 
without knowledge, without judgment. 

Ayeuglement, ah - vithe -gluh - many, sin. 
blindness, want of sight ; ignorance, in- 
tellectual darkness, error, illusion. 

Ayeuglement, ah - viihe - glai - inang, ad. 
blindly, inconsiderately,' without judg- 
ment; rashly; implicitly. 

Aveugler, ah-vuhe glai, va. 1 r. to blind, 
make blind ; deprive of reason, judgment, 
dazzle, deceive. 

Aveugler, ah-vuhe-glai, ra. 1 r. to erect, 
build against ; block, stop, shut up. 

S'aveugler, s'dh-vvne-glai, vref. to shut 
one's eyes ; deceive, flatter one's self. 

Aveuglette (a l*), ah-Pah-vuhe-glett, ad. 
groping in the dark ; headlong, without 
thought, rashly. 

Avez, ah-rai, 2 pers. pi. of aroir, have. 

Avide, ah-reed, adj. greedy, hungry ; eager, 
earnest, desirous ; covetous, parsimonious, 
niggardly. 



AVI 



AVO 



Avidemext, ah'veed-mang, ad. greedily, 
eagerly, voraciously, with avidity, with 
great desire. 

Avidite, ah-ve-de-tai, s/. avidity, greedi- 
ness, eagerness, ardent desire, appetite; 
thirst. 

Avii.i, -B, ah-ve-le, -e, adj. vile, abject, con- 
temptible, base, mean, worthless, sordid, 
wicked, abandoned. 

Avii.u:, uh-ve-leer, ra. 2 r. to vilify, debase, 
disgrace, abuse, defame ; abate, lessen, 
diminish. 

A.VILIR, ah-vc-leer, vn. 2 r. to become con- 
temptible, mean, worthless ; lower, less- 
en, be reduced in price. 

S'avii.ir, s'uhve-leer, rref. to vilify, dis- 
grace, demeau, humble one's self; de- 
crease. 

Aviussa.vt, -e, ah-ve-le-sana, ■(, adj. con- 
temptible, disgraceful, humiliating-. 

Avilissement, ah-oe-teess-mang, sm. abase- 
ment, degradation, baseness, vileness ; 
humiliation ; profligacy. 

Avine, -e, ah-ve-nai, -e., adj. seasoned with 
wine, drunken, inebriated, given to habitual 
inebriety. 

Avinkk, ah-ve-nai, va. 1 r. to season with 
wine ; intoxicate, inebriate, make drunk. 

Ayirox, ah-ve-rong, sm. oar, long pole with 
a broad end to drive and direct boats. 

Avironner, ah-ve-ro-nai, ra. 1 r. to row, 
impel by rowing, drive forward by oars. 

Ayironxier, ah-ve-ro-tiyai, sm. oar-maker; 
rower, manager of the oars. 

Avis, ah-vee, sm. advice, counsel, opinion, 
intelligence, motion, instruction, notice, 
warning; news, account, advertisement. 
Prendre les avis, to put to vote. 

Avis (DONNEDR, -SE D'), do - nur, -nuhzp- 
d'ah-ven, sm/. projector, schemer, contri- 
ver ; busy-body, meddling person. 

Avis (barque d'), bark-d' ah-vee, sf. dispatch 
boat, ship carrying orders to or bringing 
news from a fleet. 

Avis (aller aux), to scout, go cut in order 
to observe the enemy's motions privately. 

AviSE, -B, ah-ve-zai, -e, adj. prudent, cau- 
tious, wise, circumspect, discreet ; crafty, 
subtle, cunning. 

AviSER, ah-ve-zai, va. 1 r. to advise, coun- 
sel, inform ; perceive ; understand ; think ; 
spy out. 

Aviser, ah-ve-zai, vn. 1 r. to consider ; spy ; 
descry; warn; look to; think of; re- 
solve ; judge, think advisable. 

S' AVISER, b' ah-ve-zai, ore/, to avise, think 
of; bethink one's self to; take into one's 
head, devise, contrive. 

Avisement, ah-veez-mang, sm. contrivance, 
opinion, thought, device ; information, ad- 
vice. 

Aviso, ah-ree-zo, sm. dispatch boat, ship 
with dispatches to a fleet. 

Avitaillement, ah-ve-tah-yuh-mang, sm. 
victualling, provisions, stores. 

Avitaili.er, ah-vetah-yai, va. Ir. to victual, 
store with provisions, supply with food. 

Avitailleur, ah-ve-tah-yur, sm. victualler, 
purveyor, agent victualler. 

Aviver, ah-re-vai, va. 1 r. to brisk up ; en- 
liven ; polish ; rub lightly ; spread ; hew, 
fell. 

Avives, ah-veeve, s/p. glandulous swelling ; 
vives. 



Avivoir, ah -ra- voo-ahr, sm. (instrument) 
polisher ; burnisher. 

AvocaSSER, ah-vo-kah-sai, vn. 1 r. to be a 
pettifogger, petty lawyer, a would-be ad- 
vocate. 

AVOCASSERIE, ah-vo-kass-rcr, sf. office, pro- 
fession, business of a pettifogging attorney. 

Avoi'at, ah-vo-Icah, sm. advocate, barrister, 
lawyer; defender, protector, vindicator, 
mediator. 

AVOCAT CONSULTANT, ah-vo-Lnh-long-seuh 
tang, sm. chamber counsellor (vide obs. 4). 

AVOCAT l'LAIDANT, ah Co-/. (lit -])l,l,/-i king, 

sm. pleader, counsel, barrister, advocate. 

AvoCATE, ah-vo-katt, s/. advocate, media- 
trix; protectress; advocate-general's lady. 

Avih.ne, ah-voo-ahn, sf. oats, a grain with 
which horses are led. 

AvoiNES, ah-coo-uhn, s/p. standing oats, 
fields of oats. 

AVOINE (Farine D'), /aJi-reen-d'ahvoo-ahn, 
oatmeal, flour made by grinding oats. 

Avon;, ah-ro^-ar, sm. property, wealth, 
riches ; substance ; gain, profit ; money, 
payment. 

Avoir, ah-voo-ar, va. and aux. 3 irr. to 
have, possess, carry ; get, have got ; enjoy, 
obtain ; be. Avoir du Men, to be rich. II 
y a, there is. // .(/ a ici, here are. 

Avoir faim, ah-voo-ar -j'aing, v. idi. to be 
hungry. 

Avoir GRAND FAIM, ali-roo-ar-grang-faing, 
to be very hungry (vide obs. G). 

Avoir Soif, ah-voo-ur-soo-aff, v. idi. to be 
thirsty. 

Avoir grand soif, ah-voo-ar-grang-soo-aff, 
to be very thirsty (vide obs. 6). 

Avoir chaud, ah-vooar-shoe, v. idi. to be 
warm or hot. 

Avoir grand chaud, ah-voo-ar-grang-shoe, 
to be very warm or hot (vide obs. 6). 

Avoir froid, ah-voo-ar-/roo-ah, v. idi. to bo 
cold. 

Avoir grand froid, ah-voo-ar-grang-/roo- 
ah, to be very cold (vide obs. 6). 

Avoir beau, ah-voo-ar-bo, v. idi. to try in 
vain, be in vain, to no purpose (vide obs. G)* 

Avoir beau, belle (l'), P ah-voo-ar -bo, 
-bell, v. idi. to have a favorable opportu- 
nity to do it. 

Avoir (y), ce- yah -voo -ar, v. mono. conj. 
thus : eell-yah, there is or are ; edl-yah- 
vay, there was or were ; eell-e-eu. 

Avoisiner, «/t - voo -ah- ze- nai, va. 1 r. to 
border upon, touch, stand near to, be con- 
tiguous, neighbor. 

Avons, ah-vong, 1 pers. pi. pres. ind. of avoir, 
have. 

Avoute, -e, ah -vor-iai, -e, adj. stunted, 
blasted, imperfect ; deformed ; unsuccess- 
ful ; inexpedient, ill-contrived. 

Avortement, ah - vort - mang, sm. miscar. 
riage, abortion, premature birth ; failure, 
unhappy event of an undertaking. 

Avorter, ah-vor-tai, va. 1 r. to miscarry, 
have an abortion ; slink ; fail, be unsuc. 
cessful, fall short of. 

Avorton, ah-vor-tong, sm. abortion, abor- 
tive, stunted person or animal ; careless or 
untimely production ; little ugly deformed 
person. 

Avoue, ah-voo-ai, sm. avowee, proctor, at- 
torney, solicitor ; patron, supporter. 

AVOUEB, ah-voo-ai, va. Ir. to own, confess, 

55 



BAA 



BAC 



avow, justify, declare openly, acknowl- 
edge ; approve, authorize. 

S'avouek, s'ah-poo-ai, vref. to acknowledge, 
declare, confess one's self. 

Avouekie, ah-voo-ree, sf. advowson, right 
to present to a benefice. 

Avoyer, ah-voo-ah-yai, sm. magistrate in 
some towns of Switzerland. 

Avril, ah-vre.e, sm. April, fourth month of 
the year, prime. 

Axe, aks, sm. axis, axle-tree ; gnomon ; 
trunk ; stem. 

Axillaire, ak-seel-layre, adj. axillary, be- 
longing to the arm-pit. 

Axinomancie, ak-se-no-mang-see, sf. divina- 
tion by the stroke of an axe. 

Axiome, ak-syomm, sm. axiom, incontest- 
able proposition ; maxim ; proverb. 

Axiometre, ahk-se-o-meytr, sm. tell-tale. 

Axonge, ak-songhje, sf. suet ; tallow ; grease, 
fat ; vitreous or glassy scum. 

Ayant, ai-yang, pres. part, of avoir, having. 

Ayant-cause, ai - yang - coze, sm. heir, in- 
heritor, representative. 

Ay or Ai', ah-yuh ! int. ay ! oil ! ah ! 

Ayez, ai-yai, 2 pers. pi. imper. and 2 pers. 
pi. pies. subj. of avoir, have. 

Ayons, ai-yong, 1 pers. pi. imper. and subj. of 
avoir, let us have. 

Azaphie, uh-zah-fee, sf. indistinctness of 
the voice, inarticulateness, confusion of 
sounds. 

Azerole, az-rol, sf. Neapolitan medlar, 
small red fruit or berry. ■ 

Azerolier, az-ro-lyai, sm. Neapolitan med- 
lar-tree. 

Azi, ah-ze, sm. curds, coagulation of skim- 
milk with vinegar. 

Azime, ah-zeem, adj. (see Azyme). 

Azimut, ah-ze-meut, sm. azimuth, arch be- 
tween the meridian of the place and a given 
vertical line (vide obs. 4). 

Azimutal, -e, ah-ze-meu-tal, adj. measuring 
or representing the azimuth (vide obs. 4). 

Azoodynamie, ah-zo-o-de-nali-mee, sf. loss 
of strength, debility, weakness. 
. Azote, uh-zntt, sm. azote, base of the atmo- 
spherical air : adj. azotic, gas azote, azotic 
gas. 

Azotii, ah-zott, sm. principle, cause of metals; 
mercury. 

Azotique, ah-zo-teek, adj. azotic. 

Azur, ah-zeure, sm. lapis lazuli, stone of an 
azure color ; azure ; blue enamel. 

Azur, ah-zeure, sm. azure, blue, faint blue, 
sky color (vide obs. 4). 

Azure, -e, ah-zeu-rai, -e, adj. sky-colored, 
blue (one of the seven primitive colors). 

Azyme, ah-zeem, sm. and adj. unleavened, 
not fermented, not mixed with fermenting 
matter. 
Azymes (fetes des), fayte-dey-zah-zeem, 
sfp. feast of the unleavened bread among 
the Jews. 
Azymite, ah-zc-meet, smf. one who lives 
upon unleavened bread, a Jew. 



B. 



B, he. Etre marque au b, to be blind of one 

eye. 
Baa, bahah, sm. baa, cry of a lamb or sheep. 
56 



Babeau, hahdjoe, sm. ghost, phantom, spec- 
tre ; word of tenor used to frighten chil- 
dren. 

Babel, bah-bell, sf. place of confusion, med- 
ley of people, noisy society or assembly. 

Babel (tour de), iaore-dvh-bah-bell, sf. con- 
fusion, disorder, revel, uproar, riot, noise. 

Babeurre, bah-bidire, sm. buttermilk, whey 
separated from the butter. 

Babiche, bah-beesh, sf. lap-dog, lady's little 
dog fondled in the lap. 

Babichon, bah-be-shong, sm. lap-dog, lady's 
little dog. 

Babil, buh-be-yuh, sm. prate, prattle, tattle, 
chat, empty talk, talkativeness, loquacity, 
unmeaning conversation. 

Babillage, bah-be-yahj, sm. babbling ; chat- 
ter ; tattle. 

Babillard, -e, bahd>e-yar, -d, smf. prater, 
prattler, chatterer, trifling talker; tell- 
tale, teller of secrets, babbler. 

Babillard, -e, bah-be-yar, -d, adj. indis- 
creet, prating, chattering, full of talk ; 
babbling, tale-telling. 

Babiller, bah-he-yai, vn. \r. to prate, chat, 
prattle, babble, chatter, tattle ; tell-tale, 
reveal secrets. 

Babi.ne, bah-been, sf. lip of some animals, as 
horse, cow, ape, cat, dog, itc. 

Babiole, bah-byol, sf. toy, bauble, trifle, 
gewgaw, plaything. 

Babord, bah-bor, sm. larboard, left side of a 
ship coming from the stern ; low vessel. 

Babouche, bahdmosh, sf. slippers, sandals 
(shoes used among the Turks and Siamese). 

Babouin, bah -boo- aing, sm. baboon ; gro- 
tesque figure ; mischievous child ; mouth, 
lips ; phiz. 

Babouine, bah-boo-een, sf. ape, little mis- 
chievous girl ; ugly woman. 

Babouixer, bah-boo-e-nai, ra. \r. to play 
the buffoon, play antics, monkey tricks. 

Bac, bah, sm. ferry, flat-bottomed boat, ves- 
sel of carriage ; vat, stone basin, trough. 

Bacaliau, bah-kahdyo, sm. stock-fish, drieM 
cod or ling. 

Baccalaureat, bah-kahdo-rai-ah, sm. bach- 
elor's degree, first degree to doctorship. 

Bacchanal, bah-kah-nal, sm. great noise, 
uproar, tumult, confusion. 

Bacchanals, bah-kah-nal, sf. drunken feast, 
revelry, loose jollity, debauch, wassail. 

Bacchan ales, bah-kah-nal), sfp. bacchanals, 
dance of bacchantes, drunken feasts of 
Bacchus. 

Bacchanaliser, hah-kah-nahdee-zni , vn. to 
revel, feast with loose and clamorous mer- 
riment. 

Bacchante, bah-kanyie, sf. termagant, scold- 
ing turbulent woman, scold, virago ; bac- 
chant. 

Bacha, bah-shah, sm. bashaw, viceroy of a 
piovince in Turkey. 

Bache, bash, sf. tilts, coarse linen cloth to 
cover carts, &c, dragging nets ; tub ; tem- 
porary shed ; tent. 

Bachelette, bah-shuh-lett, sf. young and 
pretty girl, girl who has a lover, damsel. 

Bachelier, bah-shididyai, sm. bachelor of 
arts, student who has taken his first de- 
gree ; knight, lover ; unmarried man. 

Bacher, bah-shai, va. \r. to tilt, cover, 
overspread with coarse cloth, raise a tent 
or shed. 



BAF 



BAI 



Bachique, bahsTieeh, adj. drunken, merry, 
joily, jovial. 

Bachon, bah-shong, sm. washing-tub, large 
open vessel of wood to carry water, A.e. 

BaCHOT, bah-sho, sm. wherry, light boat 
used on rivers, ferry. 

Bachotage, Ixih-shit -tahje, sm. crossing of a 
river, ferriage, business of a wherry-man. 

Bachoteor, bah-sho-twr, sm. ferryman, keep- 
er of a ferry, boatman. 

BACBOTTE, /«(/( • slmtt, sf bucket, trough, 
small wooden vessel to hold water. 

Bacile, bah-seel, sm. sea-fennel, samphire 
(a plant preserved in pickle). 

Backgammon, back-ghah-mong, sm. back- 
.garumon, play or game with dice and table. 

Baclage, bah-klahje, sm. tier or row of ves- 
sels in a port ; custom-house duty, shutting 
of the port. 

Baclee, bah-Jdaie, tzdj.f. frozen over, blocked 
up ; concluded, settled, terminated. 

Baclee (riviere), re-cyayre-bah-klaie, sf. 
river frozen over. 

Baci.ee (affaire), ah-fayr -lah -llaie, sf. 
affair, business settled, concluded, ter- 
minated. 

BACLER, lah-Mai, va. 1 r. to bar, chain, 
fasten a door, window, boat, <tc. ; settle, 
terminate, conclude. 

Bacule, bah-kute, sf. crupper, leather-strap 
reaching from the saddle to the tail. 

Baccler, bah-ku-lai, va. 1 r. to drub, beat, 
thrash, cudgel, beat with a stick or strap. 

Baculometrie, bah-ku-lo-mai-tree, sf. art of 
measuring with a pole. 

Badaud, -e, bahdoe, -d, smf. ninny, simple- 
ton, booby, cockney (name given to the 
Parisians and Londoners, who admire every- 
thing that seems a little extraordinary). 

Badaudage, bah-do-dahje, sm. silly conver- 
sation, questions ; silliness, simplicity. 

Badauder, bah-doe-dai, vn. 1 r. to gape 
about ; stare with wonder ; talk sillily. 

Badaudf.rie, bahdode-ree, sf. silly beha- 
vior, foolish admiration. 

Badigeon, bdh-de-hjon, sm. pale yellow- 
colored plaster ; cement, putty. 

Bapigeo.nxer, bah ■ de - hjo - n~<ii, ra. 1 r. to 
plaster, paint with stone color ; cement ; 
till with putty. 

Bapi.v, l.ali - daing, sm. and adj. m. wag, 
joker, jester ; frolicsome, merry, droll, 
comical, playful. 

Badinage, bah-de-nahje, sm. sport, play, 
playfulness, liveliness, vivacity, agreeable 
way of speaking. 

Bapixant, bah-de-nang, sm. supernumerary 
horse, horse of reserve. 

Badijte, bah- deai, sf. switch, little cane, 
light walking-stick. 

Badine, bah-deen, sf. and adj. f. merry, jo- 
cose, playful, frolicsome, lively, pleasant 
girl or woman. 

Bapiner, bah-demai, vn. 1 r. to sport, joke, 
rally, jest ; be playful or merry ; write or 
speak wittily. 

Badinerie, bah-deen-ree, tf, frolicsomcness, 
pranks, playful raillery, jest, silly action. 

Badines, bah-deen, sfp. small tongs, rods. 

Bafouer, bah-foo-ai, va. 1 r. to deride, laugh 
at, mock, turu to ridicule, scoff, revile, 
abuse. 

Bafre, bhhfr, sf. guttling, gormandizing, 
greedy eating ; plentiful meal or repast. 
&) 



BAfrer, bhhfrai, vn. 1 ;•. (o eat greedily, 

gormandize, gluttoni/.e, guttle. 

Bafreur, bah-frur, sm. gormand, glutton, 
guttler, greedy eater, toss-pot. 

Bafreuse, bah-fruhze, sf. gormand, glutton, 
guttler, greedy eater, toss-put. 

Bag age, bah-ghahje, sm. bag-age, luggage, 
trunks ; heavy lumber. 

Bagage (flier on trousser), ple-yai or 
troo ■ sai -bah -ghahje, va. 1 r. to decani]), 
move off, run away ; die. 

Bagarre, bah-ghar, sf. brawl, squabble 
strife, affray ; tumult, quarrel, commotion' 
rising of the mob. 

Bagasse, bah-ghass, sf baggage, worthless 
woman, strumpet, harlot ; slut ; hussy. 

Bagatelle, bah-ffhah-teU, sf. trifle, bauble, 
trinket, thing of no moment ; minutiae 
trifling work. Bonner dans la bagatelle', 
to mind trifles. 

Bagatelle, bah-ghah-tell, int. pshaw ! stuff I 
away ! nonsense ! fear nothing ! 

Bagatelle (vive la), veev-lah- bah-ghah- 
tell, ad. exp. away with care ! come what 
may, let us be merry ! 

Bague, bang-yuh, sin. slaves' prison (in Tur- 
key). 

Bagnolet, bavg-yo-lay, sm. tarpaulin ; coif. 

Bagnolette, bang-yo-lett, sf. ancient head- 
dress, coif, cap, covering of a woman's 
head. 

Bague, bag, sf. ring, circle, ornament worn 
on the fingers. 

Bague de mariage, bag-duh-mah-ryahje,sf. 
wedding-ring. 

Bagues sautes, bag-sore, sfp. escape; safety, 
acquittal ; bag and baggage ; safe clear- 
ance. 

Bagues d'oreille, lag - do - ray - yuh , sfp. 
ear-rings, drops, pendents. 

Baguenaude, bag ■ node, sf. bladder-nut j 
bladder senna ; trifle. 

Baguenauder, bagnodai, rn. Ir. to trifle, 
stand trifling, indulge in light amusement. 

Baguenaupier, bag-no-dyai, sm. trifler, idlo 
talker ; child's play. 

Baguer, bah-gai, va. 1 r. to tack, fasten, 
sew slightly ; give rings and jewels to 
one's bride. 

Baguette, lah-gaitt, sf. switch ; rammer ; 
drum-stick ; stick of a sky-rocket, maul- 
stick, round moulding. 

Baguettes (passer far les), pah-rai-par. 
lay-pah-gaille, vn. 1 r. to run the gantiopo 
or gantlet. 

Baguier, hah guy ai, sm. ring-case, jewel- 
box, casket. 

Bah, bah, inter}, pshaw ! nonsense ! 

Bahut, baheu, sm. trunk, leather-trunk, 
chest. 

Bahutier, bah-eu-fyai, sm. trunk-maker. 

Bai, -e, hay, -c, adj. bay, light brown, bay 
colored. 

Bai BRUN, bay-brung, sm. brown bay. 

Bai chatain, bay-shah-taing, sm. chestnut- 
color. 

Bai clair, bay-klair, nn. bright bay. 

Bai dore, bay-do-rai, sm. yellow dun. 

Bai mirouette, bay-me-i oo-et-tai, sm. bright 
dappled bay. 

Baie, baie, sf. berry ; bay, gulf ; opening. 

BAIE, baie, sf. imposition, trick, deceit, fib, 
flam, sham ; geek, cheat, bubble, April 
fool. 



BAI 



BAL 



Baie a (ponner use), do-nai-unn-baie, va. 

1 r. to put a trick upon, to deceive art- 
fully. 
BAiu.N'En, bai-ing -yai, va. 1 r. (liq. see 

table) to bathe, steep, soak, dip, imbue ; 

water. 
Baigner, bai-ing -yai, vn. 1 r. (liq. see 

table) to bathe, swim, soak in. 
Se baujneii, siih-bay-ing-yai, vref. to bathe; 

welter ; delight, swim, plunge. 
Baigs'eur, -se, bay-iny-yur, -yuhze, smf. 

bather, dipper ; swimmer ; bath-keeper. 
Baigmoiu, bai-ing -yoo-ar, sm. batuiug-'placc, 

public bath (vide obs. 6). 
Baignoiiie, bay-in/j-yoo-ahre, sf. bathing- 
tub, bath. 
Bail, baux, p. bah-yuh, boe, p. sm. lease, 

temporary possession, tenure. 
Bail:, baile, sm. Venetian ambassador at 

Constantinople. 
Baille, bah-yuh, sf. large sea tub or bucket. 
Baillemk.nt. biih-y tth-mang , sm. yawning, 

gaping, oscitation, gape ; hiatus. 
Bailler, bah-yai, in. 1*\ to gape, yawn; 

long, desire earnestly, crave, covet ; gaze, 

stare with hope or wonder. 
Baillei:, bah-yai, va. 1 r. to give, deliver, 

put into the hands of, deal, bestow. 
Baillei: belle (la), lah-bah-yai-bell, comp. 

v. 1 /•. to impose upon, make one believe, 

deceive, cheat, langh at one. 
Baillei: a FEiiME. bah-yai ah-fairm, comp. 

v. 1 r. to lease, let out, farm. 
Baillf.ul, bah-yull, sm. agent, governor ; 

bone-setter, surgeon. 
BAiLLEDR, -se, biih-yur, -yuhze, smf. yawn- 

er, gaper, desirer. 
Bailleur, bah-yur, sm. lessor, land-owner 

letting land to farm by lease. 
Baille it ess it, bah-yuh-ress, sf. lessor, lady 

letting land to farm by lease. 
Bailli, bah- ye, sm. bailiff; inferior judge; 

seneschal. 
Baillage, bah-yaJije, sm. bailiwick, juris- 
diction, court, house of a bailiff. 
Baillive, bah-yeec, sf. lady of a bailiff or of 

a justiciary, &c. 
Baillon, baJi-yoiia, sm. gag; muzzle : bribe. 
Baillonner, bah-yo-ndi, va. 1 r. to gag, 

stop (he mouth ; muzzle ; bribe, give bribes, 

silence. 
Bain, baing, sm. bath, bathing; bathing- 
tub ; bathing-machine, bathing-place. 
Bain-marie, baing - mah - ree, sm. vessel of 

ho; water in which another is put requiring 

a more gentle heat than that of the naked 

lire ; balneum mariae. 
Baionnette, bah-yn-nett, sf. bayonet, short 

sword fixe 1 at the end of a musket. 
Baioiiue, bah-yock, sf. Italian coin about 

three farthings value ; baiocco. 
Baisemain, bayze-maing, sm. homage ; ser- 
vice, fealty professed to a sovereign or to a 

superior lord. 
Baise mains, hayze-mainghe, smp. compli- 
ments, respect, service. 
Baise-hains (avec kelles), ah - reel; -hell - 

bai/ze - mainghe, ad. exp. with warmest 

thanks or gratitude. 
Baiseme.vt, bayze-mang, sm. kissing of the 

feet of the pope. 
BaiSER, buy-zai, sm. kiss, buss, salute with 

the lips. 
Baiseu de Jcpas, bay-zai-duh-hjeu-dah, sm. 
56 



treachery, treason, treacherous conduct 
(vide obs. 4). 

Baiseu, bay-zai, va. 1 r. to kiss, touch with 
the lips, salute, embrace. 

Se BAISER, suh-bay-zai, vref. to kiss, salute 
one another ; touch, join. 

Baisedr, -se, bay-znr, -zuhze, smf. kisser, 
fondler, one fond of kissing. 

Baisotter, bay-zo-tai, va. 1 r. to be always 
kissing, kiss often. 

Baisse, baysse, sf. diminution, fall, abate- 
ment, loss, ill value. 

Baisser, bay-sai, va. 1 r. to let down, lower ; 
cast down, bend, bow ; lessen, decrease, 
fall, sink ; stoop ; strike. Baisser tes ycux, 
to look downwards. Baisser le pavilion, to 
strike the flag. 

Baisser, bay-sai, vn. 1 r. to lower, sink, de- 
press ; decrease, diminish, decay, grow 
worse, fall. 

Se baisser, suh-bay-sai, vref. to bend, bow, 
lean over, stoop. 

Baissiere, bai-syayrc, sf. sediment, bottom, 
dregs of a cask, Ices, tilting. 

Baisure, bay-zeure, sf. kissing-crnst, crust 
formed between two loaves touching one 
another in the oven (vide obs. 4). 

Bajoire, bah-hjoo ahre, sf. medal or coin 
having two heads on one side. 

Bajoue, bah - hjoo, sf. hog's cheek ; fall 
hanging cheek. 

Bal, bal, sm. ball, entertainment of dancing, 
dancing assembly, dance. 

Bai.ade, ball-lad, sf. ballad, sonar, ditty, pop- 
ular song, dancing-song ; repetition. 

Baladin, -e, bah-lah-daing, -deen, smf. buf- 
foon, dancer at shows, rope-dancer. 

Baladinage, bah-lah-de-nahje, sm. buffoon- 
ery, low jests, scurrile mirth. 

Bai.afre, bah-lafr, sf. gash, slash, scar, 
cicatrix. 

Balafrer, bah-lah-frai, vn. 1 r. to slash, 
cut, inflict long cuts, scar. 

Balai, bah-lay, sm. broom, besom ; brush ; 
tail of dogs. Rot i r le balai, to live in ob- 
scurity. 

Balais (rcbis), reu-he -hali-ley, balass ruby, 
a kind of ruby of a light red (vide obs. 4). 

Balance, bah-langse, sf. balance, pair of 
settles, overplus of weight, equipoise ; wa- 
vering, irresolution ; sign of the zodiac. 
Emporter la balance, to outweigh. Metlre 
line chose en balance, to examine. 

Balance, bah-langsai, sm. balance, step in 
dancing. 

Balancement, bah-langsse-mang, sm. bal- 
ancing, alternate bending motion ; hesita- 
tion, wavering, shake. 

Balancer, bah-langsai. va. 1 r. to balance, 
weigh, examine ; consider. 

Balancer, bah-langsai, vn. 1 r. to hesitate, 
waver, fluctuate, be uncertain ; beat up and 
down. 

Se balancer, suh -bah- long - sai, vref. to 
swing, waddle, go up and down, hover, 
balance one's self. 

Balancier, bah - long - syai, sm. balance 
maker ; pendulum ; flier ; beam. 

Balancines, bah-lang-seen, sfp. lifts of a sail 

Balancoire, bah-lang soo ahre, sf. swing 
seesaw, reciprocating motion. 

BALANDRAS or -DRAN, bah - lang - drah ot- 
-drang, sm. old-fashioned great-coat ; ill- 
made garment ; sort of cloak. 



BAL 



BAN 



BaUNE, bah-lahn, sf. acorn ; acorn-fish. 

BalaSSE, bah -law, sf. chaff-bed, mattress 
made with oat-chaff. 

BALASSOR, hah -lah- sor, sm. Italian stuff 
made of bark. 

Balast, ball -lah, sm. ballast, weight to 
eqnilibriate a ship. 

Balauste, bah-loente, sf. wild pomegranate. 

BaLAUSTIER, bah-locs-tyai, sm. wild pome- 
granate-tree. 

Balayage, bah -lay -yah]*, sm. sweeping, 
cleaning, expense of sweeping. 

Balavkk, bah - lay - yai, oa. I r. to sweep, 
clean, brush ; drive away, rout, put to the 
rout, clear. 

Balatette, bah-lay-yett, sf. hearth-broom, 
small broom, small hair-broom. 

Balayeuu, -se, bah-lay-yur, -yuhze, smf. 
sweeper ; maker or seller of brooms. 

Balayukes, bah-lay-yure, sfp. sweepings; 
sea washes. 

BALBUXIE, I al -ben- see, sf. inarticulateness, 
bad pronunciation (vide obs. -1). 

Balbvtiement, bal-beu-see-mang, sm. stam- 
mer, stutter, unnatural hesitation (vide 
obs. 4). 

Balbutier, bal-bettsyai, va. 1 r. to stammer, 
stutter, speak with hesitation ; speak con- 
fusedly. 

B.u.con, bal-kong, sm. balcony, small railed 
gallery before a house or windows. 

Baldaqcin, bal-dah-kaing, sm. canopy, test- 
er, canopied ornament supported by pillars. 

Baleine, bah-leyne, sf. whale; whalebone. 

Baleinal', bah-lay-no, sin. young whale. 

Baleinier, bah-lay-nyai, sm. whaler, Green- 
land ship. 

Baleyke, bah-layvr, sf. under-lip. 

Bali, bah-le, sm. or Balie, bah-lee, sf. sa- 
cred science of the Brahmins and Siamese ; 
holy writ. 

Balisage, bah - le - zahje, sm. clearing the 
mud out of a river. 

Balise, bah-leez, sf. sea-mark, buoy, bea- 
con, floating beacon ; quay; water-mark. 

Balisek, bah-le-zai, va. 1 r. to set up bea- 
cons, land-marks, buoys, masts. 

Bauseuk, bah - le - zur, sm. inspector of 
wharfs ; wharfinger, officer attending a 
wharf. 

Baljstaire, bah-leess-taire, sm. military offi- 
cer among the Romans, inspector of ba- 
listas. 

Baliste, bah-leesf, sf. balista, warlike en- 
gine to throw or shoot stones, darts ; cross- 
bow, brake, sling. 

Baliyage, bah-le-vahje, sm. choice, number 
of young trees to be preserved. 

BaUYEAU, -x, p. bah-le.-ro, -oe, p. sm. pol- 
lard, standard, young tree left to grow up. 

Baliyekne, bah-le-vaim, sf. idle talk, fiddle- 
faddle. 

Baliveknf.r. bah-le -voir -nal, on. 1 r. to 
trifle, talk idly, ridiculously; tell tales or 
idle stories. 

Ballade, bah lad, sf. ballad, song, ditty, 
popular song ; dancing song ; repetition. 

Balle, bal, sf. ball; bullet; shot; bale; 
pack ; bundle ; husk. 

Balle ieckivain de), aikrevaing-duhbal, 
sm. bad, mean, ignorant writer or author ; 
writer without abilities. 

Balle (artiste no, ar-leest-diih-bal, sm. 
bad, unskilful artist ; artist without talent. 



Balle ad doxd (PRENDRE LA), prwigdr-lah- 

hxl-o-bong, v, 4 irr. to seize the opportu- 
nity. 
Bai.i.k-RAmEe, bal -rali -nmie, sf. cross-bar 

shot, round shot, great bullet with an iron 

bar put through it. 
BALLET, bah-tajf, sm. ballet, dramatic dance ; 

interlude. 
Ballon, bah- long, sm. foot-ball; bladder; 

balloon ; Siamese boat with oars ; air-bal- 
loon. 
BalloNIER, bah- lo-nyai, sm. balloonist; 

foot-ball maker or seller. 
Ballot, bah-lo, sm. pack; burden; load; 

bale, bundle of goods ; packet. 
Ballot (voila yotre), eoo-ah-lah-votr-bah- 

lo, idi. here is what you want. 
Ballottade, bah-lo-tad, sf. bounding of a 

horse between two posts. 
Ballottage, bah - lo - tahje, sm. ballotation, 

voting, electioneering, balloting. 
Ballotte, hah - lott, sf. ballot, voting-ball ; 

dorser ; pannier, basket ; scuttle. 
Ballottement, bah-lott-mang, sm. ballota- 
tion, voting, vote, electioneering, balloting. 
Ballotter, baJido-tai, va. Ir. to toss, bandy; 

deceive by vain promises ; debate, discuss, 

examine. 
B ALLOTTING bah-lo-tainrj, sm. small bale or 

pack ; boy who receives the voting-ball ; 

orange-tree. 
Balneable, balnai-ahl, adj. balneatory, be- 
longing to a bath, fit for baths. 
Baloord, -e, bahrloor, -d, smf. loggerhead, 

dolt, blockhead, tb.icksku.il, stupid, heavy 

person. 
Balourdise, bah-loor-deeze, sf. stupidity, ab, 

surdity, nonsense, foolishness ; thing saic 

or done unseasonably, without judgment. 
Balsamine, bal - zah - meen, sf. balsam, an- 
nual plant cultivated in gardens. 
Balsamique, bal-zah-meek, adj. balsamieal, 

unctuous ; mitigating ; perfumed, odorif- 
erous. 
Balustrade, bah-leus-trad, sf. balustrade, 

railing, fence, row of balusters (vide obs. 4). 
Balustke, bah-leustr, sm. baluster, small 

column or pillar of which balustrades are 

formed. 
Balzan, bal-zang, sm. black or bay horse, 

with white legs above the hoof. 
Balzane, bal-eann, sf. white spot on the 

lowest joiut of a horse's leg. 
Bamein, bang-bating, sm. a little boy, babe, 

infant, child in arms. 
Bambochade, bang -bo - shad, sf. grotesque 

picture, caricature, ridiculous figure or 

composition. 
Bamboche, bang-bosh, sf. puppet as big as 

life, very little man or woman, dwarf, 

shrimp ; knotty cane, bamboo-cane. 
Bambou, bang-boo, sm, bamboo, Indian cane 

yielding sugar ; cane. 
Ban, bang, sm. bans, proclamation, publica- 
tion, ban ; banishment, outlawry ; exile ; 

privilege. 
Banal, -e, bah-nal, adj. common, public, 

general, mean, light, trivial, vulgar, vile. 

Banale expression, vulgar expression. 
Banalite, bah - nah - le-tai, sf. privilege, 

rights of a lord of a manor to oblige his 

vassals to use his oven, &c. 
Ban an e, bah-nan, sf. banana, fruit of the 

banana-tree. 

59 



BAN 



BAR 



Bananier, hahnahnyni, sm. banana-tree, 
plantain. 

Banc, bang, sm. bench, seat, pew ; form ; 
bank, sand ; border ; shelf. 

Banc de sable, bang-duh-sahbl, sm. sand- 
bank, shallow ; shoal. 

Banc du roi, bangdeu-rooah, s?n. court of 
the king's bench ; prison of state, high 
court of justice (vide obs. G). 

Banc common, bang-ko-mung, sm. court of 
common pleas. 

Bancs, banghe, smp. classes, course, public 
disputations. Eire sur les bancs, to bold 
out in dispute. 

Bancal, -le, bang - led, sm/. little bandy- 
legged man or woman. 

Bancroche, bang-krosh, adj. bandy-legged ; 
rickety. 

Bandage, bang-dajije, sm. bandage, fillet, 
roller, band, truss ; binding ; iron plate. 

Bandagiste, bang ■ dah -hjcest, sm. truss- 
maker. 

Bande, bangde, sf. band, tie, bandage, fillet, 
roll, swathe ; gang ; sink ; thong ; side. 

Bandeau, -x, p. bung-do, -oe, p. sm. fillet, 
frontlet, diadem ; tiara ; architrave. 

Bandelette, bangde-lett, sf. bandelet, flat 
moulding, fillet, little band. 

Bander, ban-dai, va. 1 r. to bind, tie ; cock ; 
stretch, bend ; bandy ; raise against. 

Se bander, suli-bang-dai, vref. to oppose, 
stiffen, grow hard ; league, confederate, 
band. 

Bandereau, -x, p. bangde-ro, -oe, p. srn. 
sling to bear a trumpet. 

Banderolle, bangde-rol, sf. bandrol, little 
streamer or Hag. 

Bandiere, bang-dyayre, sf. file of soldiers 
•with colors at the head. 

Bandit, bang-de, sm. bandit, outlawed rob- 
ber ; vagabond, highwayman. 

Bandoulier, bang - doo -lyai, sm. robber, 
highwayman, vagabond, villain, thief. 

Bandocliere, bang '-doo-lyayre, sf. shoulder- 
belt, leal her belt.' 

Banlieue, bang-hjuhe, sf. jurisdiction, dis- 
trict to which any authority extends. 

Banne, bann, sf. coarse linen cover ; tilt, 
awning ; cabin ; hamper. 

Banneau, bali-no, sm. small hamper ; dung- 
cart ; deep wooden scuttle to carry grapes. 

Banner, bah-nai, va. 1 r. to raise or make 
an awning or tent, cover with a tilt. 

Banneret, bann-ray, sm. banneret, lord of 
a banner. 

Banneton, bann-iong, sm. cauf, chest with 
holes to keep fish alive in the water. 

Bannette, bah-nelt, sf. wicker basket; 
bundle of hides. 

Banni, -e, bah-ne, -e, smf. exile ; one ban- 
ished ; outlaw. 

Banniere, bah-nyayre, sf. banner, flag, 
standard, streamer borne at the end of a 
lance. 

Bannir, bah-neer, va. 2 r. to banish; out- 
law ; drive away, expel, exclude. 

Se bannir de, suh-bah -neer, vref. to re- 
tire, withdraw, leave forever, quit. 

Bannissable, bah-ne-sabl, adj. deserving 
banishment, to be banished. 

BanniSSEMent, bah-neess-7nang, sm. banish- 
ment, exile, transportation. 

Banque, bangke, sf. bank ; money agency ; 
workmen's salary ; bench, block. 
60 



Banqcerocte, bangke-roof, sf. bankruptcy, 
failure, cessation of payment. 

Banqueroute (fairej, faire-bangke-rcot, 
v. 4irr. to break, fail, turn bankrupt. 

Banqueroutier, -e, bangke -too -lyai, -re, 
smf. person in debt beyond the power of 
payment, insolvent debtor. 

Banquet, bcatg-kay, sm. banquet, feast, en- 
tertainment, magnificent repast, revel. 

Banqueter, bang-kuh-tai, vn. 1 r. to feast, 
banquet, fair daintily. 

Banquette, bang-kttt, sf. small bench, long 
seat stuffed and covered ; causeway ; foot- 
path, pavement. 

Banquier, bang-kyai, sm. banker, trafficker 
in money. 

Banquise, bang-keeze, sf island or field of ice. 

Banse, banqsse, sf. large square wicker bas- 
ket. 

Bapteme, bah-teyme, sm. baptism ; christen- 
ing, initiation into Christianity. 

Baptiser, bah-tee-sai, va. 1 r. to baptize, 
christen, administer the sacrament of bap- 
tism. 

Baptismal, -'E,bah-teess-mal, -e, adj. bap- 
tismal, pertaining to baptism. 

Baptistere, bah-leess-tayre, sm. baptistery, 
place where baptism is administered ; cer- 
tificate of baptism. 

Baptistere (registre), ridi-hjeestr-bah-ttrss- 
(ayre, sm. register, register of christen; i g. 

Baptistere (extkait), efts- tray -bah -let s- 
tayre, sm. cettiiicate of christening. 

Baqxtet, bah-kay, sm. tub, washing-tub ; 
trough. 

Baqueter, bah-kuh -tai, ra. 1 r. to lade, 
scoop out water with a shovel. 

Baragouin, bah • rah - goo ■ aing, sm. gibber- 
ish ; cant, language difficult to understand. 

Baragouinage, bah -rah -goo- e-nahje, sm. 
gibberish ; cant ; nonsense, hesitation, 
stammer. 

Baragouiner, bah-rah-goo-e-nai, vn. 1 r. to 
speak gibberish, a btoken language, non- 
sense. 

Baragouineur, -se, bah-rah-goo-e-mir, 
-nidize, smf. stammerer, stutterer; one 
speaking a language badly, or talking gib- 
berish. 

Baraque, bah-rack, sf. barrack ; hut, hovel ; 
little paltry house, room, shop, work-shop, 
public house. 

Baraquer, bah-rah-kai, va. n. 1 r. to make, 
build barracks, quarter soldiers. 

Se baraqcer, euh-bdh-rah-kai, vref. to live 
in a hut or retirement, raise, build huts or 
tents. 

Baratte, bah-rat, sf. churn, vessel in which 
butter is, by agitation, coagulated. 

Baratter, bah-rah-lai, va. 1 r. to churn, 
make butter by agitating the milk. 

Barbacane, bar-ba/i -harm, sf. barbacan, for- 
tification before the walls of a town ; open, 
ing in walls to level guns or drain the 
water. 

Barbacole, bar-bah-kol, srn. pharao, hocca 
(a game at cards). 

Barbare, bar-bar, smf. barbarian, rude and 
uncivilized person. 

Barbare, bar-bar, adj. barbarous, savage, 
uncivilized ; cruel, inhuman. 

Barbarement, bar-bar-mang, ad. barbar- 
ously, cruelly, inhumanly ; without knowl- 
edge of arts. 



BAR 



BAR 



BARBARU, barbah-ree, sf. barbarity, cruel- 
ty, inhumanity ; incivility of manners ; 
Impurity of language ; savageness. 

BaRBARISHE, barlxih-rtesm, sm. barbarism, 
speech contrary to the purity of language. 

B.v::r.L-:, barb, sf. beard ; lappet ; flap ; pres- 
ence ; gills ; lins ; ravelings ; mouldiness. 
Fairt la bane, to shave, to insult. Je !e 
dirai a «i barbe, I shall tell it to his face. 

BARBB, barb, sm. Barbary horse. 

Barbeau, -x, p. bar-bo, -oe, p. sm. barbel, 
fish found in rivers. 

Barbele, -n, bar-btih-lai, -e, adj. bearded. 

Barbekie, bar-buhrce, sf. business or shop 
of a barber, hair dresser and cutter, sha- 
ving shop. 

BARBET. bar-bay, sm. spaniel. French water- 
spaniel, sneaking fellow, tell-tale. 

Barbette, bar-bett, sf. female spaniel, nun's 
Stomacher ; platform, battery. 

Barbichon, bar-be-shung, sm. little French 
water-spaniel ; fly-catcher. 

Barbier, bar-byai, sm. barber, shaver, ton- 
sor. 

BARBIFIER, bar-be-fyai, va. 1 r. to shave. 

BaRBILLOS, bar-be-yong, sm. little barbel, 
whiskers. 

Barbox, bar-bong, sm. gray -beard, old man ; 
dotard. 

B au bote, bar -hot, sf. loach, a little fresh- 
water fish. 

Barbiter, bar -bo -lai, va. 1 r. to dabble. 
puddle, muddle, grub, search, walk in tiie 
mud, dirty one's self. 

Barboteur, bar -lo -lur, sm. tame duck, 
water-fowl ; dabbler. 

Barboteuse, bar-bo-tahze, sf. woman of bad 
character, strumpet. 

Barbotixe, bar -bo -teen, sf. soft potter's 
clay ; wormwood. 

Barbouillage, bar-boo-i/ahje, sm. daubing, 
bad writing, bad painting ; nonsense, stair'. 

BarboUiller, bar-boo-yai, va. 1 r. to daub, 
soil, spoil, smear, paint coarsely, scribble ; 
speak badly or confusedly. 

Se earbouiller, suh-bar-boo-yai. vref. to 
soil, smear, daub one's face ; to lose one's 
reputation ; be at a loss in the middle of 
one's discourse. 

BarbOUIlleur, -se, bar -boo- yur, -yuhze, 
smf. dauber, coarse low painter, scribbler, 
bad writer; stammerer. 

Barbu, -e, bar-beu, -e, adj. bearded, full of 
beard, 

Bah3UE, bar-ben, sf. halibut ; sprig that has 
taken root (vide obs. -i). 

BARCAROLLE, bar-kah-rol, sf. Venetian bal- 
lad of the gondoliers, Venetian dance. 

Barc;:lonxette, barss- lo-neti, sf. cradle, 
child's bed. 

BaRDANE, bar-dann, sf. burdock, a medi- 
cinal plant. 

BaRDB, bardd, sm. bard, poet, minstrel 
(among the ancient Gauls). 

Barde, bardd, sf. scaly horse-armor, thin 
slice of bacon covering a fowl while roast- 
ing, ic. 

Bardeau, x, p. bar-do, oe, p. sm. shingle, 
board of a barrel ; mule. 

Babder, bar-dai, v i. 1 r. to lard, cover with 
a slice of bacon ; cover a horse with ar- 
mor. 

Barb-rur, bar-dur, sm. day-laborer, porter, 
wheel-barrow driver, hodman. 



Bardis, bar-dee, sm. partition in the h >ld of 

a ship to put in corn, dam to chain water. 
Bardot, bar-do, eta. small mule that cat 

the muleteer ; drudge ; mule ; incomplete 

book. 
Barge, barhje, sf. hay-stack ; flat-bottomed 

boat for pleasure or burden ; pile of fagots. 
Barguigkage, bar - guing - yahje, sm. bar- 
gaining, haggling', boggling, wavering, 

irresolution, hesitating. 
Barguigner, bar-guing-yai (gn.liq.) en. l /•. 

to bargain, haggle, boggle, waver, h 

tate. 
BarguiGNEUR, -se, hnr-guinrj-yur, -yuhze. 

smf. bargainer, haggler, waverer. 
Bakil, bah-re. sm. barrel, cask, rundlet. 

tube of a gun : cylinder. 
Barillage, bah-re-yahje, sm. emptying cf 

barrels; filling of bottles, bottling. 
Barillet, bah-re-yay, sm. small barrel ; keg ; 

barrel of a watch. 
Bariolage, bah-ryo-lahje, sm. odd mixture 

of colors, confused mixture of colors. 
Barioler, bah-ryo-lai, va. 1 ''. to mix colors. 

streak, paint, variegate without order, 

daub, speckle. 
Bariolure, bah-ryo-leure, sf. speck, spot, 

blot, mark, made bv discoloration (vide 

obs. i). 
Barlong, -ue, bar-long, -g, adj. uneven, 

longer on one side than on the other. 
Baunabite, bar-nah-beet, sm. Barnabite, a 

friar. 
BARNACnE, bar-nash, sf. barnacle, bird like 

a goose. 
Barometre, bah-ro-maytr, sm. barometer, 

weather-glass. 
Baron, bah-rong, sm. baron ; a degree next 

to a viscount. 
Baroxxage, bah- ro-nalje, sm. baronage, 

dignity of a baron. 
BARON ne, bah- ronn, sf. baroness, lady or 

widow of a baron. 
Baroxnet, bah-ro-nay, sm. baronet, heredi- 
tary degree below a baron and above a 

knight. 
Baroxxie, bah-ro-nee, sf. baron ; demesnes 

of a baron ; that honor or lordship that 

gives title to a baron. 
Baroque, bah-rocl;, adj. odd, unequal, un- 
even, irregular, rough. 
Baroscope, bah-ro-scop, sm. baroscope. 
Barot, bah-ro, sm. beam, joist, rafter. 
Barque, bark, sf. bark ; small ship, craft, 

large boat. 
Barquerolle, barh-rol, sf. little boat, 

small vessel without mast : fishing-boat. 
Barrage, bah-rahje, sm. turnpike money, 

toll, toll-gate, turnpike. 
Barrager. bah-rah-hjai, sm. toll-gatherer. 
Bar RE, bar, sf. bar; bolt; spar; stroke; 

line ; whipstaff ; cross-bar, barrier ; lever ; 

pole. 
Barres, barrhe, sfp. bars ; part of a horse's 

nether jaw ; prison. 
Barreau, -x, p. bah-ro, -oe, p. sm. wooden 

or iron bar, rail ; court of justice, profu- 
sion of the law, lawyers. 
Barrer, bah-rai, va. 1 r. to bar, fas* 

stop, hinder, obstruct ; prevent ; scratch 

out ; erase ; knit fast ; sear. 
Barrette, bah-re(t, sf. small cap, bonnet ; 

cardinal's, doge's, or noble Venetian's 

red cap ; small bar or plate. 

CI 



BAS 



BAS 



Barricade, bah-re-Jead, sf. barricade, stop, 
bar, obstruction ; intrenehment. 

Barricader, bah-re-kah-dai, va. 1 r. to bar- 
ricade, stop, obstruct, bar. 

Barriere, bah-ryaire, sf. barrier, barricade, 
intrenchment ;' liinderance, obstruction, 
rail, ga'te, turnpike, field gate. 

BARRKiUS, bali-reek, sf. hogshead, tun, butt, 
squat and lusty person. 

VIA.RBOIR, bah-roo-ar, sm. long thin piercer, 
wimble, instrument to bore boles (vide 
jbs. 5). 

Barnes, barse, sfp. lead or tin boxes, canis- 
ters in which tea is brought from China. 

Bartavelle, bar-tah-vel, sf. large red par- 
triage. 

Bas, -se, bah, -se. adj. low, shallow, mean, 
base, inferior, cringing, servile, dishonor- 
able, despicable, mercenary, cheap, short, 
poor, small. Les eaux sont basses chez lui, 
tilings are at a low ebb with him. Faire 
main basse, to put all to the sword. 

Bas-fond, bah-fong, sin. flat, shallow, place 
at sea where the water is shallow ; shoal, 
low ground. 

Bas-pecfle, bah-pubpl, sm. populace, vul- 
gar, common people ; rabble, mob. 

Bas-prix, bah-pree, sin. cheapness, low 
price, moderate rate, easy purchase. 

Bas-relief, bah-riih-lyaiff, sm. bass-reiief, 
ornamental painting or sculpture. 

Bas, bah, sm. bottom, foot, depth, end, 
lower part, extremity ; stocking, hose. 

Bas, bah, ad. low. down, below, off, yonder ; 
softly. Parler bas. to speak low. 

A bas, ah-bah, ad. down, upon the ground. 

Ex-bas, ang-bah, ad. down, downwards, be- 
low. 

Ici-bas, e-se-bah, ad. here below, in this 
world. 

La-bas, lah-bah, ad. yon, yonder, at a dis- 
tance, within view. 

Par-bas, par -bah, ad. downwards. 

Par-bas (par haut et), par-hoe-ai-par-bah, 
ad. upwards and downwards ; far and 
near. 

Ex-bas (de haut), duh-hoe -tang -bah, ad. 
from top to bottom ; with contempt. 

Basalte, bah - zalt, sm. black marble, ba- 
saltes ; very hard lava, touchstone. 

Basane, bah-zann, sf. tanned sheep's skin ; 
leather for bookbinding. 

Basane, -e, bah-zah-nai, -e, adj. tawny, 
swarthy, dusky, sun-burnt, tanned. 

Bas bord, bah-bor, sin. larboard, left hand 
side of the ship when facing the head. 

Bascule, bass -hide, sf. sweep; see-saw, 
counterpoise, equilibration. 

Base, bahze, sf. base, basis, foundation, sup- 
port ; pedestal ; chief ingredient. 

Baser, bah-zai, va. 1 r. to settle, establish, 
found, lay the basis, fix firm, raise, build. 

Se baser, suh-bah-zai, vref. to rest ; prop 
one's self, depend, rely upon. 

Basilic, bah-ze-leek, sm. basilisk, cockatrice, 
serpent said to kill by looking; kind of 
cannon ; sweet basil. 

Basilicox, bah-ze-le-lcong, sm. basilicon, 
ointment, tetrapharmacon. 

Basilique, bah -ze-leek, sf. stately church ; 
court of justice; large hall; basilic vein, 
basilic. 

/Sasin, bah-zaing, sm. dimity, fine fustian or 
cotton cloth. 
62 



Basoche, bahzosh, sf. basoche, a company 
formed of the lawyers' clerks in the par- 
liament of Paris. 

Basque, basic, sf. flap or skirt of a coat. 

Basque, basic, smf. Basque, native of French 
Biscay, Biscayan. 

Basque (courir comme us), koo-reer-com- 
ung-bask, idi. v. 2 in: to run swiftly, be 
swift-footed. 

Basse, bahss, sf. bass, bass voice, singer, or 
instrument, bass sound. 

Basse contin ce, bahss - kong - 1 e - neu, sf. 
thorough-bass (vide obs. 4). 

Basse-taille, bahss - tah -yuh, sf. counter- 
tenor, middle part of music. 

Basse de viole, bahss - duh - rydl, sf. bass* 
viol, instrument used for the bass sound. 

Basse-cour, bahss-koor, sf. poultry-yard, in. 
ner court, court of offices. 

Basse-cour (nouvelles de la), noo-vell- 
dlah-bahss-koor, sfp. Grub-street news. v. 

Basse-fosse, banss-fosse, sf. dungeon, sub- 
terraneous prison, close prison. 

Basse-voile, bahss-voo-ahU, sf. main or fore 
sail, sail of the mainmast. 

Bassement, bahss-mang, ad. meanly, lowly, 
poorly ; in a low mean style ; dishonorably. 

Basser, bah-sai, va. to give a lustre to cloth. 

Basses, bahss, sjp. shallows, flats, shoals, 
shelves, ridge of rocks. 

Bassesse, bah-sess, sf. baseness, meanness, 
vileness ; mean or base action ; low style. 

Basset, bah-say, sm. terrier, dog that fel- 
lows his game under ground ; little man, 
with short legs and thighs. 

Bassette, bah - sett, sf. basset (a game at 
cards). 

Bassiers, bah - syai, smp. fiats ; heaps of 
sand in rivers. 

Bassin, bah-saing, sm. basin, small pond, 
wet dock, hollow place to hold liquids ; 
circular plain. 

Bassixe, bah-seen, sf. pan, large flat brass 
pan used by confectioners, chemists, Ac. 

Bassixer, bah-se-nai, va. 1 r. to warm a bed 
with a warming-pan ; foment ; water, 
sprinkle plants, <tc. 

Bassinet, bah- se -nay M sm. small basin, 
powder-pan of the touch-hole; nozzle, socket 
of a candlestick. 

Bassinet, bah-se-nay, sm. butter-flower, a 
yellow flower of May. 

Bassinoire, bah-se-noo-ahre, sf. warming- 
pan, brass pan filled with red-hot coals. 

Bassox, bah-song, sm. basboon, wind instru- 
ment blown with a reed. 

Baste, bast, sm. basto, ace of clubs (at qua- 
drille and ombre). 

Baster, bass-tai, vn. 1 r. to suffice, be suffi- 
cient, enough ; go on well. 

Bastide, bas-terd, sf. neat country seat or 
villa, so called in Provence. 

Bastille, baite-yuh, of. bastile, formerly a 
castle ; state prison (demolished at the 
Revolution). 

Bastille, e, bass-te-yai, -e, adj. fortified 
with towers (in heraldry). 

Bastion*, bass-tyong, sm. bastion, bulwark, 
sloping mound of earth raised before a 
rampart. 

Bastionne, -e. bass-tyo-nai, -e, adj. formed 
like a bastion, fortified. 

Bastoxnade, buss-to-nad, sf. bastinado, bas- 
tinade. 



BAT 



BAT 



Bastonner, bans - to - nai, va. 1 r. to cudgel, 
bastinado, beat an offender on his feet. 

Bas-ventre, buh-vangtr sm. lower belly, 
abdomen. 

13 A r, bah. sm. pack-saddle, pannel, saddle 
on which burdens are laid. 

Bat.ulan, hah-tah'klang, sm. parcel of 
people or lumber, very troublesome. 

Batail, buh-tuh-yuh, am. clapper of a church 
bell. 

Bataille, bah-tah-yvli, sf battle, fight, en- 
counter ; body of forces, main body of an 
army. Bataille rangee, pitched battle. 

Bataii.i.er. bah tah-yai, vn. 1 r. to light, 
struggle, dispute, contest hard. 

Bat.mllo.n, bah tah ■ youg, sm. battalion, 
division of an army, troop, body of forces, 
imiiv. 

Batakd, -e, bith-lar, -d, sm/. and adj. bas- 
tard, illegitimate, wild, spurious, adulte- 
rate ; mongrel. 

BAtakdeau, -x, p. bah - tar ■ do, -e, p. sm. 
dam, mole, bank to confine the water. 

BAtakdiere, bdh-tardyayre, sf. nursery of 
young trees, plantation of trees to be trans- 
planted. 

BAtaudise, bah-tar-deez, sf. bastardy, ille- 
gitimacy, spurious birth. 

Bateau, -x, p. bah -to, -e, p. sm. boat, ves- 
sel to cross the water in, ferry-boat ; body 
of a coach. Bateau de passage, wherry. 

Batelage, baft - lahje, sm. boatman's fare; 
juggling, jugglers' tricks, legerdemain, 
buffoonery, low jests. 

Batelee, ball-laie, sf. fare; boat-load. 

Batelet, bait-let, sm. little boat, skiff, light 
boat. 

Bateleur, -Se, batt-lur, -luhze, sm/. buffoon, 
tumbler, rope-dancer, juggler. 

Batelier, batt-le-yai, sm. waterman, boat- 
man, ferryman, bargeman. 

BAter, bitli-tai, va. 1 p. to put on a pack- 
saddle or pannel ; saddle. 

BAti, biih-te, sm. basting, running up, tack- 
ing, sewing lightly ; piece ready, for ve 
neering ; frame ; things ready to put up. 
Homme mal-bdti, ill-shaped man. 

BAtieu, bah-tyai, sm. pack-saddle maker or 
seller. 

BAT\Foi.ER,bah-te-/odai, vn. 1 r. to toy, trifle, 
play like children, romp, dally amorously. 

BAtiment, biih-te -mang, sm. building, edi- 
fice, fabric ; ship, vessel. Bdtimeul ar- 
mi en flute, store-ship. 

BAtik, bah -leer, va. 2 r. to build, erect; 
establish ; dispose, arrange ; shape ; con- 
struct ; baste ; form ; raise ; give birth t?>. 

BAtisse, bdh-teess, sf building of a house, 
masonry. 

BAtisseur, biih-te-sur, sm. builder ; archi- 
tect ; one fond of building ; bad builder. 

Batiste, bah-teest, sf lawn, cambric, fine 
linen. 

BAton, bhh-tang, sm. batoon, staff, walking- 
stick, club, cudgel ; truncheon, marshal's 
staff. 

BAtonnf.r, bah -to -nai, va. 1 r. to cudgel, 
beat with a stick ; score, strike out, cancel, 
stretch. 

BAton.net, bhh-tonai, sm. tip-cat ; small 
stick pointed at both ends, with which chil- 
dren play. 

BAtonnikr, hah to • nyai, sm. chairman of 
lawyers ; staff-bearer ; constable ; beadle. 



Bats, bah, prcs. ind. of battre, beat. 
Battage, bah • tahje, s/. thrashing of corn, 

beating of wool. 
Battant, bah -tang, sm. clapper; folding - 

door ; batlet. 
Battant, -e, bah - tang, -t, adj. working ; 

sympathetic ; beating. 
Battant l'oxil, bah-tang-Vuh-yuh, sm. cap, 

elegant morning cap (put on Villi seeming 

carelessness). 
Batte, batt, sf beetle, rammer ; hammer ; 

bolster of a saddle ; beater ; battledore ; 

sloping bench ; harlequin's wand. 
Batte-A-beurre, batt-ah buhre, sf churning 

staff, milk stirrer. 
Battement, batt -mang, sm. beating; ap- 
plause, plaudit, clapping of hands, of 

wings, &c, stamping ; shock ; attack ; iron 

bar. 
Batterie, batt-ree, sf battery, fighting, 

scuffle ; battle ; cover of the powder-pan ; 

beating of the drum, playing ; ways and 

means. 
Batterie de cuisine, batt - ree ■ duh -l;eu - e- 

zeen, sf. kitchen utensils. 
Batteur, -se, bdli-iur, -tuhze, smf beater, 

boxer, person fond of giving blows. 
Batteur, -se de pave, bah-tur, -tuhzeduh- 

puh-cai, smf. idle person, vagabond, pick- 
pocket, strumpet, rambler. 
Batteur d'OR, bah-tur-d'or, sm. gold-beater. 
Batteur en grange, bah-tur-avg-granghje, 

sm. thrasher ; one who thrashes corn. 
Batteur, -se d'estrade, bah - tur, - tuhze- 

daiss-trad, smf. scout, spy ; one fond of 

prying. 
Battoir, lah-too-ar, sm. battledore ; batlet ; 

beetle ; rammer (vide obs. l>). 
Battre, batr, ra. 4 irr. to beat, strike, 

knock, mix : shuffle ; torment, shake, agi- 
tate, stir ; pull down ; defeat ; pound ; 

wash ; thrash; coin ; churn ; convince. 
Battre le fer, batr ■ luh fair, v. 4 irr. to 

exercise one's self in fencing. 
Battre la semelle, —lah-suh-vieU, to travel 

on foot ; ramble. 
Battre le pave, —luh pah-vai, to ramble 

about the streets. 
Battre l'estrade, —Vaiss-trad, to send out 

scouts. 
Battre la CAMPAGNE, —lahlangpahing- 

yuh, to speak at random, be deranged ; 

"wander, rove. 
Battre monnaie, —mo-naye, to coin ; mint, 

stamp metals for money. 
Battre des mains, — day-mainghe, to clap, 

applaud, praise by clapping the hands. 
Battre quelq.u'UN en ruine —heil-kuhng- 

ang-reu-een, to run one down. 
Battre les oreilles k,—lay-zo-ray-yuh, to 

stun one's ears with. 
Battre l'eau, — Vo, to work, labor, toil in 

vain. 
Battre les cartes,— lay-Tcarte, to shuffle the 

cards ; play mean tricks. 
Battre le beuuRE, —luh-buhre, to churn, 

make butter. 
Battre, batr, vn. iirr. to beat, move, pal- 
pitate ; go ; shine ; throb. Battre bien du. 

pays, to travel a great way. 
Battre aux champs, —oeshanghe, to set 

out, depart ; start. 
Battue froid, —froo-ah, to receive coldly, 

admit unwillingly, 

63 



BEA 



BEC 



Se t.attre, suh-hatr, vref. to fight, contend, 
contend in battle. 

Ss FAII4E battke, suh - faire - batr, comp. 
vref. to get one's self beaten. 

Battu, -k, hah-teu, -e, adj. and part, beaten, 
cast down, low, dejected, dispirited (vide 
obs. A). Lev yeux battux, black and blue. 

Battu (che.uin), shuh - maim/ - bah ■ tea, sm. 
beaten, frequented path, road, or track. 

Battu de la tempkte, huh - tea - dlah tang - 
pet/te, sm. tempest-beaten, tempest-tost 
(videobs. 4). 

Battu de l'oiseau, bah-len-duh-loo-ah-zo, 
sm. overwhelmed with misfortunes, losses, 
disgraces. 

Battus (avoir les tbux), ah - voo - ar - ley- 
zifuhe. hah tew, v. aux, one's eyes to be 
heavy, dead. 

Battues de (avoir i.es oreilles), ah-voo- 
ar-ley-zo-ray-yuh-bah-feue, v. aux. to have 
one's ears stunned with ; be tired with 
often hearing j 

Battures, bah-tewre, sfp. breakers shelves; 
shoals (vide obs. 4). 

Baubi, bo-be, sm. harrier; foxhound; large 
hound. 

Baud, boe, sm. stag-hound : Barbary hound. 

Baudet, bo day, sm. ass; very ignorant 
man . sawyer's tressel. 

Baudrier, bo-dre-yai, sm. shoulder-belt. 

Bauge, bohje, sf. soil of a wild boar; mortar, 
cement, plaster made of clay and straw. 

Baume, home, sm. balm, balsam; ointment. 

Bau.wier, boe-myai, sm. balsam-tree. 

Bacque, bake, sf. sea-weed cast on shore 
used for manure. 

Bavard, -e, bah - var, -d, smf. babbler, tell- 
tale ; prater, boaster, everlasting; talker. 

Bavaroeis, bah-var-dai, vn. 1 r. to blab, tell 
secrets; talk idly; boast. 

Bavakderie, bah - varde - ree, sf. prattle. 
babble, idle talk ; telling of secrets ; (toast. 

Bave, bar, sf. slaver, drivel, slabbering; 
.saliva, foam. 

Baver, hah- vai, vn. 1 r. to slabber, slaver, 
drivel, dripple, foam. 

Bavette, bah-vett, sf. bib, slabbering-cloth. 

Baveur, -SE, bah-vur, -vuhze, smf. slub- 
berer, slaverer, driveller, idiot, fool. 

Baveuse (chair), shair-baA-vuhze, sf. proud 
flesh. 

Baveux, -se, bah vuhc, -vuhze, adj. slab- 
bering, slimy. 

Batoche, -e, bah - vo - shai, -e, adj. rough, 
dim, clumsy, not cleanly done. 

Bavocher, bah-vo-shai, va.lr. to spot, print 
dimly, trace imperfectly. 

Bavochure, bah - vo - sheure, sf. imperfect, 
rough, dim sketch (vide obs. 4). 

Bavolet, bah-vo-lay, sm. country woman's 
head-dress. 

Bayer, bay-yai, vn. 1 r. to gape, stare with 
open mouth, gaze. 

Bazar, hah-zar, sm. public repository, gen- 
eral market; place of confinement in" the 
East. 

SJdeli.ium, bdel -le-yom, sm. bdellium, aro- 
matic gum from the Levant. 

Beant, -e, bai-ang, -t, adj. wide open, large, 
gaping, yawning. 

Beat, -e, bai-ah, -t, smf. and adj. sancti- 
monious, saintly ; hypocrite ; one who 
feasts without paying scot. 

Beatification, bai-ah-tefe-Tcah-syony, sf. 
6i 



beatification, acknowledgment by the pope 
of sanctity ; glory. 

Beatifier, bai-ah -le-fyai, va. lr. to beatify, 
rank among the saints. 

Beatifique, bai -ah-te.feek, adj. beatific, 
blissful, heavenly happiness, enjoying ce- 
lestial bliss. 

Beatilles, bai-ah-te-yuh, sfp. tit-bits, nico 
bits; cock's combs, sweet-breads ; things 
put in ragouts or sauces. 

Beatitude, bai ah-te-teud, sf. beatitude, 
blessedness, felicity, happiness (vide obs. 4). 

Beau, bo, sm. excellence, perfection, beauty, 
fineness, every thing excellent, perfect, ad- 
mirable, or beautiful. 

Beau ideal, bo e-dai-dl, sm. celestial, ima- 
ginary, visionary, ecstatic beauty, fancy 
sublime. 

Beau, bo, adv. in vain, vainly, to no pur- 
pose, without effect. 

Beau (tout), too bo, int. hold ! stop ! enough ! 
take care ! gently 1 not so fast ! softly ! 
peace ! 

Beau, bel, belle, bo, bell, belle, adj. mf. 
beautiful, handsome, fine, fair, agreeable, 
excellent, happy, good, great, admirable, 
useful, <fec. Beau mangeur, great eater. 
Be.au temps,fme weather. Beau-pere, father- 
in-law. J'ui beau Vattendre, I wait for him 
in vain. 

Beaucoup, bo-koo, adv. much, many, great 
many, in quantity, in number ; scarcely. 

Beau-fils, bo-fee, sm. son-in-law, daughter's 
husband. 

Beau-fkeke, bo-frayr, sm. brother-in-law, 
sister's husband. 

Beau-fere, bo-payr, s/7i. father-in-law, wife's 
father. 

Beaupre, bo-prai, si?!, bowsprit, mast aslope 
at the head of a ship. 

I!eaute, bo-tai, sf. beauty ; perfection, ex- 
cellence, attraction, pleasantness, agree- 
ableness ; oddity, comicalness ; beautiful 
person. 

Bec, beck, sm. beak, bill ; nose, snout ; nib ; 
spout ; mouth ; pretty woman ; neck of 
land. 

Bec d'aiguillere, beck-d 1 ai-gu-e-yayre, sm. 
gullet, spout of a jug, <tc. (videobs. 4). 

Bec de CORBIN, beck-duh-kor-baing, sm. pin- 
cers, halbert ; cane with a crooked head. 

Bec de lampe, beck-duh-langpe, sm. socket, 
burner of a lamp. 

Bec de terre, beck-duh-iair, sm. point, 
neck of land. 

B^c de plume, heck-duh- pleum, sm. nib, 
point of a pen (vide obs. 4). 

Bec de CIGOGiNE, bevk-duhse-go-ing-yuh, sm. 
geranium ; stork's bill ; crane's bill. 

Bec de gkue, beck-duh-grue, sm. geranium ; 
stork's bill ; crane's bill (vide obs. 4). 

Bec de lievre, be.ck-duh-lyayvr, sm. hare- 
lip, slit, fissure in the upper lip. 

Bec CORNU, beck-Jcor-neu, sm. foolish, stupid 
person ; simpleton (vide obs. 4). 

Bec (tour de), toor-duh-beclt, sm. kiss, salute 
slyly given or taken. 

Bec (coup de), koo-duh-heck, sm. hit, home- 
stroke at, gibe, sneer, cast. 

Bec (avoir box), ah-voo-ar-hong-beck, idi. v. 
aux. to speak well and much (vide obs. G). 

Bec biex affile (avoir le), ah-voo-ar- 
Juh-beck-hyaing-ah-fe-lai, v. aux. to have 
one's tongue well hung (vide obs. 6) 



BEG 



BEN 



BBC GEI.E (AVOIR LE), all - VOO - or ■ lull - beclc- 
hjuk-lai, v. aux. to have nothing to say for 
one's self. 

Bec et ongles (avoir), ah-wo-ar-beck-ai- 
ong-gt, to know how to defend one's self, 
set on tooth and nail (vide obs. G). 

Bec a (fairb le), faire-lvh-beck-dh, idi. v. 
4 irr. to give one his cue ; lip, give an 
imieiido. 

Bec (faire le petit), faire-lah-plee.-beck, 
iili. o. 4 irr. to behave as if one did not 
care for a thing. 

Bec jaune (faire voir a q¥elq.u'un son), 
hijr, voo-ar- ali-hell ■ kung- song- beck-hjnne, 
p. r. 4 irr. to show one that he is mis- 
taken (vide obs. 6). 

Bec a bec (causer), ko-zai-beck-ali-beck, v. 
1 r. to speak mouth to mouth. 

Bec a (passer la plume par lt.), pah-sai- 
lah - plcume -par -luh -beck, v. 1 /'. to balk, 
disappoint one in his pretensions (vide 
obs. 4). 

Becarre, bai-kar, sm. B sharp in music. 

Becasse, bai-kass, sf. woodcock ; bird of 
passage. 

Becasse de mer, bai-kass-duh-mair, sf. 
sea-pie, a lish. 

Becasse (BRIDKR i.a), brc-dai-lali-bai-kasi, 
idi. v. 1 r. to impose upon, deceive ; catch 
a bubble. 

Becasseac, -x, p. baikali-so, -e, p. sm. young 
woodcock. 

Becassine, bai - Jecih - seen, sf. snipe, small 
feu-fowl ; fool, blockhead. 

Becassine (tirer la), te-rai-lah-bai-kah- 
seen. idi. v. 1 r. to cheat at play by hiding 
one's skill. 

Becfigue, beck-feeg, sm. becafigo, fig -pecker, 
a bird like a nightingale. 

Beche, beyshe, sf. spade, instrument of dig- 
ging. 

Becher, bey-shai, va. 1 r. to dig, pierce, turn 
up with a spade. 

Bkchet, bai-shai, sm. camel. 

Bechique, bai -si eel;, adj. pectoral, sto- 
machic, strengthening the stomach, good 
for a cough. 

Becquee, bai-kaie, sf. billful. 

Becqueter, beck-tai, va. 1 r. to peck, pick 
up food with the beak ; jangle, wrangle. 

Se becqueter, suh-beck-tai, vref. to fight 
with one another's bills ; bill, caress, kiss 
one another ; jangle, quarrel. 

Bkdaine, buh-dayne, sf. paunch, guts, belly, 
big belly. 

Bedeau, hnh-do, sm. beadle, mace-bearer ; 
petty officer in parishes. 

Bedon, buh-dong, sm. fat thick man ; tabor, 
tabret. 

Beffroi, bai-fro-ah, sm. belfry ; bell ; watch- 
tower, alarm-bell ; frame of the bells, 4c. 

Begaiement, bai-gaie.-mang, sm. stammer- 
ing, inarticulateness, confusion of sounds, 
defective pronunciation. 

Begaver, bai-gai-yai, vn. 1 r. to stammer, 
stutter, speak with hesitation. 

Begue, beg, smf. and adj. stammerer, stut- 
terer ; hesitaiing, not plain, inarticulate, 
confused. 

Becueule, bai-ghuhl, sf. saucy and foolish 
woman ; woman gaping with her mouth 
open. 
Bec.uin, bai-gaing, sm. biggin, cap for a 
young child.' 



Beguignage, bai-guing-yahje (gn. liq. sea 
table) sm. convent of nuns. 

Beguine, bai-gucen, sf. nun ; bigoted old 
maid ; peevish woman (nickname of all tho 
nuns). 

Beige, beyhje, sf. serge; undressed wool: 
adj. of serge, undressed. 

Beignet, bm-ing-yay (gn. liq.) sm. fritter, 
apple-fritter, Ac. 

Bejaune, bai-hjotle, sm. young bird ; foolish 
young man, booby ; ignorance, rawness. 

Bel, bel, adj. before a vowel or h mute, in. 
handsome (see beau) 

Belandre, bai-langdr, sf. Inlander, small 
vessel to carry goods. . 

Bf.lant, -E, bey-lang, -t, adj. bleating, cry- 
ing like a sheep. 

Belement, beyle-mang, sm. bleat, cry of a 
sheep, lamb, &c. 

Belf.r, bey-lai, vn. 1 r. to bleat, cry as a 
sheep, lamb, &c. 

Belette, buh-lett, sf. weasel, small animal 
that kills mice. 

Belier, bai-lyai, sm. ram, male sheep; 
aries ; battering-ram. 

Beliere, bai-lyayre, sf. ring of the clapper 
of a bell, ring upon which hangs a lustro, 
chandelier. 

Belitre, bai-leetr, sm. idle beggar, rogue, 
swindler, pickpocket, scoundrel. 

Belle, bell, sf. handsome woman; beauty, 
toast, mistress ; genteel young woman. 

Belle-de-nuit, bell ■ duh-neu-e, sf. great 
night-shade (a plant), marvel of Peru. 

Belle-fille, bell-fee-yuh, sf. daughter-in- 
law, son's wife. 

Bellement, bell-mang, ad. gently, softly, 
cleverly, gingerly. 

Belle-mere, bell-may re, sf. mother-in-law, 
step-mother. 

Belle-sceur, bell-suhre, sf. sister-in-law, 
brother's wife. 

Belle, bell, adj. (fem. of beau) handsome, 
beautiful, fair, fine, beauteous. 

Belle (l'echapper), Vai-sha-pai-beU, idi. 
v. 1 r. to have a narrow escape. 

Belle (la donner), lah-do-nai-bell, idi. v. 
1 r. to impose upon ; deceive, laugh at. 

Belle (de plus), duh -pleu-bell, ad. e.rp. 
more than ever, afresh, anew, again (vide 
obs. 4). 

Belligerant, -E, bel-le-bjai-rang, -t, adj. 
belligerent, waging war. 

Bellkjueux, -se, bel-le-kuhe, -ze, adj. war- 
like, martial, courageous, brave, fit for 
war, dauntless. 

Bellot, -te, bel-lo, -t, adj. pretty, genteel, 
passable, neat. 

Belouse, blooze, sf. billiards' pocket ; mould. 

Belveder, bel-cai-dair, sm. terrace, pavil- 
ion, small tower on the top of a house, 
vista ; fine prospect. 

Bemol, bai-mol, sm. B flat in music. 

Bemoliser, bai-mo-le-zai, va. 1 /•. to mark a 
note with B flat. 

Benedicite, bainai-de-se-tai, sm. prayer 
before meals, grace. 

Benediction, bai-nai-deek-syong, sf. bene- 
diction, blessing, thanks; institution of an 
abbot. 

Benefice, bai-nai-feess, sm. benefice; bene- 
fit, favor, advantage, profit, use ; church- 
living. Benefice de ventre, looseness. 

Benefice simfle, bai - nai -fees* - saiivml, 

05 



BEE 



BES 



.<■;/;. sinecure, revenue without employ- 
ment. 

Benefice a charge d'ames, bai-nai-feess- 
ah-sharhje-dPahme, sm. parish-living, living 
with care of souls. 

Beneficence, bainai-fe-sangsse, sf. benefi- 
cence, benevolence, active goodness; benefit. 

Beneficial, -e, 6a i - nai -fe - syal, adj. bene- 
ficial, advantageous, profitable, helpful ; 
medicinal. 

Beneficier, bai-naife syai, sm. beneficiary, 
incumbent, possessor of a church-living. 

Beneficier, bai-nai-fesyai, va. 1 r. to profit, 
derive advantage ; dig, search, work mines. 

BenjLt, buh-ney, sm. simpleton, idiot, ninny, 
fool ; booby : adj. silly, foolish, artless, in- 
nocent. 

Bene vole, bai-nai-vol, adj. gracious, kind, 
complaisant, gentle. 

Benignement, bai-neeny-yuh-mang, ad. be- 
nignly, favorably, kindly, with great kind- 
ness. 

Benignite, bai-neejig-ye-tai, sf. benignity, 
graciousness, goodness ; salubrity, whole- 
some quality. 

Benin, -igne, bai-naing, -veeng-yuh, adj. 
benign, kind, generous, liberal; whole- 
some, salubrious. 

Benir, bai-neer, ca. 2 r. to bless, make hap- 
py, praise ; glorify ; prosper, wish happi- 
ness, thank. Benir la table, to say grace. 

BE NIT, -e, bai-ne, -ne>(,adj. holy, sacred, con- 
secrated, hallowed. 

Benite de cour (de l'eau), dlo-bai-neet- 
duh-koor, sf. idi. exp. court promises, false 
protestations. 

Benitier, bai-ne-tyai, sin. holy-water ves- 
sel ; basin containing the holy water at the 
door of Roman Catholic churches. 

Benjamin, bainghjah-maing, sm. favorite, 
pet, darling child, youngest child. 

Benjoin, baing-hjoo-aing, sm. benzoin, aro- 
matic gum, medicinal resin. 

Bequillard, bai-ke-yar, sm. old man walk- 
ing on crutches, old infirm man ; dotard, 
cripple. 

Beq.uii.le, hai-kee-yuh, sf. crutch, support 
used by cripples. 

Bequiller, bai ■ le - yai, va. 1 r. to dig up 
weeds (in a garden), weed, root out weeds. 

Bequiller, bai-ke-yai, vn. 1 r. to make use 
of crutches, walk' on crutches ; beat with a 
crutch. 

Bequillon, bai - 7ie - yong, sm. weed-book, 
pointed stick to root' out the weeds. 

Bercail, bair - leak - yuh, sm. sheep-fold, 
sheep-cot, inclosure for sheep ; pale. 

Berceau, -x, p. bair-so, -oe, p. an. cradle; 
arbor, bower ; beginning ; vault ; hull of 
a ship. 

Berceau (au or pes le), o or dey-luh-bair- 
so, ad. exp. from one's cradle, from one's 
infancy. 

Bercer, bair-sai, va. 1 r. to rock, lull, quiet ; 
amuse, feed with vain hopes, deceive. 

Se bercer, suh-bair-sai, vref. to hope vain- 
ly, flatter one's self, build castles in the 
air. 

Bergame, bair-gam, sf.coa.rse tapestry, cloth 
woven in regular figures. 

Bergamotte, bair-gah-mott, ff. bergamot ; 
essence, perfume ; scented snuff. 

Berge, bairJije, sf. beach, steep bank ; shoal ; 
barge, small boat. 
66 



Berger, bair-ftjai, sm. shepherd, swain ; 

rural lover ; pastor. 
Berger (l'heure du), Vuhre-deu-bair-hjai , 

idi. exp., sf. the happy moment (vide 

obs. 4). 
Bergere, bair ■ hjayre, sf. shepherdess , 

sweetheart ; mistress ; woman's head-dress, 

cap ; sola. 
Berg erie, hairhje-ree, sf. sheepfold ; flock ; 

congregatio . 
BERGERIE (ENFERMER LE LOUP DAN'S LA), 

ang-fair-mai-luh-loo -dang-lah-baii //jr-ree, 
idi. v. 1 r. to set the fox to watch tho 
geese. 

Bergeries, bairhje-ree, s/'p. pastorals, idyls, 
bucolics, eclogues, rural poems. 

Bergeronnette, bairhje-ro-netl, sf. water- 
wngtail, pretty little bird black and 
white ; country lass. 

Berichot or -chon, bai-re-sJio or -shorty, sm. 
hedge-sparrow, sparrow living in bushes. 

Berle, buirll, sf. water-parsley. 

Berline, bair-leen, sf. berlin, carriage of a 
particular foim drawn by four horses. 

Berlingot, bair-lainggo, sm. chariot, small 
carriage of pleasure, phaeton. 

Beri.ue, bairleue, sf. momentary dizziness, 
flash, glare ; dimness of sight (vide obs. 4). 

Berlue (avoir la), ah - voo - ar - lah - bair - 
lene, idi. v. aux. to be dazzled, see dimly, 
imperfectly ; judge wrong (vide obs. 4). 

Berjie, bairnt, sf. narrow path, foot-path, 
covered way. 

Bernable, bair-nabl, adj. deserving to be 
tossed in a blanket ; ridiculous. 

Berne, bairnn, sf. toss, leap, jump, skip in 
a blanket ; raillery, satirical joke. 

Bernement, bairn many, sm. toss in a blan- 
ket ; ridicule, satire, banter, laughing- 
stock. 

Berner, bairnai, va. 1 r. to toss in a blan- 
ket ; ridicule, expose to laughter, bamer, 
rail}-, play upon. 

Berneur, -se, bair-mtr, -vhze, smf. tosser 
up ; satirist, banterer, person who ridicules. 

Bernique, bairneek, adj. not at all ; not in 
the least. 

Berniquet, lair-ne-kay, sm. chest, bin to 
hold flour, &c. ; beggary, misery, distress-. 

Berniquet (etre au), tytr-b-bair -ne-kai, 
idi. v. aux. to be reduced to beggar}-, be a 
beggar. 

Besace, buh-zasse, sf. bag, wallet ; beggar's 
bag. 

Besacier, bnli-zaJi-syai, sm. beggar, mendi- 
cant ; bag-carrier ; pedler. 

Besaigre, buh-zaygr, adj. sourish, some- 
what sour. 

Besaigue, buhzaygg, sf. pointed tool at 
both ends. 

Besant, buhzang, sm. bezant, ancient gold 
coin struck at Byzantium. 

Besicles, buh-zcekl, sf. spectacles, glasses. 

Besicles (prendre ses), prangdr-sey-bvh- 
zeekl, idi. r. 4 irr. to consider well, take 
good measures. 

Besogne, buh-zo-ing-yuh (gn. liq. see tab.) 
sf. work, labor, toil, employment ; feat, 
deed, management. 

Besogne faite (aimer), ai-mai-buhzo ing- 
yiili-fett, idi. v. 1 r. to hate work, be idle. 

Besogne (tailler de la), tah-yai-dloh-buh- 
zo-ing-yuh, idi. v. 1 r. to harass, plague, 
give trouble, cut out work. 



BIA 



BIE 



BES0GXE (ETRE Or SB METTRE EX), f.yfror 
tsuh-nuttrany-buh-zo inyyuh, idi. v. to bo- 
gin, set about. 

Besogxeux, -se, buh-so-iny-uh, -uhze, adj. 
poor ; needy. 

Besoi.v, bvh-zoo-aing, sm. need, want, occa- 
sion, lack, necessity, exigency ; poverty, 
indigence. 

Besoi.v (avoir), ah-roo-ar-buh-zoo-aing, i<1i. 
r. uux. to want, require, be iu need of (vide 
obs. 6). 

Bestiaire, bes8-tyayre, sm. beast-fighter. 

Bestial, -e, bjesx-tyal, adj. bestial, beastly, 
brutal, cruel ; brutish. 

Bestialite, bdss-tyaJi-le-tai, sf. bestiality, 
quality of beasts ; depravedness. 

Bestiasse, bessjyass, sf. ninny, simpleton, 
tiifier, foolish person. 

BkSTIAOI, bess - ti/oe, smp. cattle, herds, 
flock. 

Bestiole, bess-tyol, sf. small animal, insect ; 
young fool, dunce. 

Beta, bey-tah, sm. very dull, stupid, foolish, 
ignorant man. 

Betail. bai-tah-yuh, sm. cattle, herd, flock, 
four-footed domestic animals of pasture. 

Bete, beyte, sf. beast, animal; stupid per- 
son, fool : brutal savage man ; game at 
cards. Une michante bete, cunning. 

Bete facve, beyte-fove, sf. stag, deer, hind. 

Bete xoire, beyte-nno-atr, sf. wild boar. 

Bete asixe, beyte-ah-zeea, sf. ass ; simple- 
ton, dolt; ignorant person. 

B£te farouche, beytefaJi-roosh, sf. wild 
beast, uncivilized person; misanthrope. 

Bete (uxe bosxe), euan-bonn-beyte, sf. cun- 
ning deceitful person ; hypocrite ; back- 
biter. 

Bete (fairs la), faire-lahbeyle, v. 4 irr. 
to be looe 1 or beasted. 

Betel, bai-iell, sm. betel, sort of tobacoo. _ 

IjETEME.vt, beyte-mang, ad. foolishly, stupid- 
ly, sillily. 

Betille, bai-tee-yuh, sf. muslin. 

BftTtSE, bey -feeze, sf. stupidity, foolishness, 
ignorance ; absurdity, folly, stupid action. 

Eetoixe, bai-too-aim, sf. betony (a plant). 

Betoires. bai-too-a.hr, sfp. trenches filled 
with stones to absorb the water ; indraught. 

Bette, betl, sf. beet, name of a plant. 

Betterave, bett-rcum, sf. beetrave, beet- 
radish, beet, red or white. 

Beuglemext, buke-gluh-mang, sm. bellow- 
_-. loving of oxen, <tc. 

Beugler, buhe-glai, on. 1 r. to bellow, low, 
make a noise as a bull ; clamor, vociferate. 

BeURRE, buher, sm. butter, unctuous sub- 
stance. Je suis pour man beurre, I paid 
dear for it. 

Beurre, buhe-rai, sm. butter-pear. 
Beubree, buhe-rai':, sf. slice of bread but- 
tered, bread and butter; butter-flower. 
Beurrier, -e, buhe-ryai, -ryayre, smf. but- 
ter seller or maker. 
Bevue, bai-veu, sf mistake, error, over- 

_-ht, blunder (vide obs. 4). 
Bezeac, buh-zo, sm. bevilor bevel, irregular 

square. 
Bezoard, buh-zoar, sm. bezoar, animal con- 
cretion, medicinal stone ; antidote. 
Biais, be-yey, sm. bias, means, way, method ; 
bent, inclination, course ; slope, bevil. // 
s'v prenl du bon biais, he takes tha right 
way. 



Biais (de), duh-be-yey, ad. slopingly, aslant, 
aslope, obliquely, with declivity. 

Biaisement, byeyze-mang, sm. winding, 
meander, circuit ; deceit, subterfuge, fetch, 
shift, artifice. 

Biaiser, byey-zai, vn. 1 r. to slope, cut 
aslant \ decline ; shuffle, equivocate, evade, 
shift. 

Biaiseur, -SE, byey-zur, -zuhze, smf. shuf- 
fler, evader, artful person, double-dealer. 

BlASSE, be-yass, sf. raw silk (of the Levant). 

Bibeuox, be-brong, sm. breast-glass ; suck- 
ing-bottle. 

Bidle, beebl, sf. bible, scriptures, sacred 
volume. 

Bibliographe, be-ble-yo-graff, sm. bibliog- 
rapher, writer, transcriber. 

Bibliographie, be-ble-yo gra-fee, sf. bibli- 
ography, knowledge of books. 

Bibliomane, be-ble-yo-mann, sm. enthusias- 
tic lover of books. 

Bibliomanie, be-ble-yo-mah-nee, sf. exces- 
sive love of books, madness after books. 

Bibliothecaire, be-ble-yo-tai-hayre, sm. li- 
brarian, keeper of a library. 

Bibliotheque, be-ble-yo-teck, sf. library, col- 
lection of books, book-case ; study. 

Bibus, be-beuss, sm. worthless thing, thing of 
no value (vide obs. 4). 

Biche, beesh, sf. hind, female to a stag. 

BlCHOX, -N'E, beshong, -shonn, smf. pug, 
small lap-dog with long hair and short 
nose. 

Bicoque, be-coak, sf. paltry house or town. 

Bidet, be-day, sm. pony, small horse, nag. 

Bidox, be-dong, sm. small wooden or tin can 
to carry water on a journey, keg. 

Biex, byaing, sm. wealth, property, fortune, 
good, profit, advantage ; comfort, happi- 
ness ; probity , virtue ; pleasure ; kind- 
ness ; good character. Un horn me de bien, 
a good man. II vent son bien, he look« 
like a gentleman. Bien du monde, many 
people. AUez,je le veux bien, go, I consent. 

Biex, byaing, ad. well, right, very, much, 
many,' full! certainly, quite. 

Biextot, byaing-toe, ad. soon, very soon, 
shortly, ere long, in a moment, presently. 

Biex loix, byaing-loo-aing, ad. very far off, 
very distant. 

Bien loin de, byaing-loo-aing-duh, pr. far 
from, so far from (with inf.). 

Biex loix que, byaing-loo-aing -J; uJi, conj. 
far from, so far from (with subj.). 

Biex que, byaing-huh, conj. though, al- 
though, notwithstanding that. 

Biex-aime, -e, byaing-nai-mai, -e, adj. very 
dear, much loved, beloved. 

Biex-aise, byaingneyze, adj. glad, happy, 
delighted, satisfied. 

Biex dire, byaing-deer, sm. eloquent lan- 
guage, fine speeches ; fair promises. 

Biex-disaxt. byaing-de-zang, adj. eloquent, 
oratorical, florid, well-spoken. 

Biex-etre, byainq-neytr, sm. welfare, good, 
happiness, comfort, prosperity. 

BlEX-FAIRE, byaing-faire, v. 4 irr. to do 
well or good ; succeed, act properly. 

Biexfaisaxce, byaing-fuh-zanghss, sf. be- 
neficence, goodness. 

Biexfaisaxt, -e, byaing fuh-zang, -r, adj. 
beneficent, kind, good, liberal. 

Biexfait, byaing-fay, sm. good action, kind- 
ness, service, office, gift, favor, benefit. 

67 



BIG 



EIL 



Bien-fait, -E, byaing-fay, -t, adj. handsome, 
agreeable, civil, polite. 
• Bienfaiteur, byaing-fai-tur, sm. benefactor, 
patron. 

Bienfaitrice, byaing-fai-treess, sf. benefac- 
tress, patroness. 

Bien-fonds, byaing-fong, sm. lands, posses- 
sions, estates. 

BlEN - HEUREUX, -SE, byaing - iiulic - ruhe, 

ruhze, adj. blessed, happy, content. 

Biennal, -E, byen-nal, adj. biennial ; of the 
continuance of two years. 

BlENSEANCE, byaing-sai-angss, sf. decency, 
propriety, becomingness, elegant deport- 
ment, convenience. 

BienseaNT, -E, byaing-sai-ang, -t, adj. be- 
coming, suitable, decent, decorous, elegant, 
proper, convenient. 

Bienveillance, byaing-vay-yangsse, sf. be- 
nevolence, good-will, love, affection, kind- 
ness. 

Bienveillant, -E, byaing-ray-yang, -(, adj. 
benevolent, liberal, generous, kind, having 
good-will. 

BTenvenu, -e, byaing-vneu, -e, adj. wel- 
come, grateful, pleasing, received with 
gladness. 

Bienvenue, byaing-rncue, sf. entrance-mo- 
ney ; happy arrival ; initiation, kind recep- 
tion. 

Bieee, byayre, sf. beer, malt-liquor ; coffin ; 
woody country. 

Biez, he-yai, sm. mill-dam, conduit, channel ; 
flood-gate, sluice. 

Biffer, be-fai, ra. 1 r. to erase, efface, blot 
out, expunge, rub out, destroy. 

Bifurcation, be-feure-Jeah-syong, sf. bifur- 
cation, division into two parts, <fcc. (vide 
obs. 4). 

Bifurquer (Se), snJi-be-feure-Jcai, vref. 1 r. 
to shoot out into two parts, divide into two 
(vide obs. 4). 

Big a me, be-gham, sm. and adj. bigamist, 
twice married, guilty of having two wives 
at once. 

BlGAiMiE, be-gliah-mee, sf. bigamy, marriage 
of two wives whilst boili are alive ; second 
marriage. 

Bigarade, be-ghah-rad, sf. sour orange, Se- 
ville orange, bitter orange. 

Bigarreau, -x, p. be-ghah-ro, -oe, p. sm. hard 
cherry, white or red. 

BiGARREAUTiEit, be-ghah-ro-tyai, sm. hard 
cherry tree. 

Bigahrer, beghah-rai, va. 1 r. to checker, 
variegate, diversify with ill-suited colors or 
styles. 

Bigarrure, be-ghah-reure, sf. diversity, as- 
semblage, mixture of ill-suited colors, med- 
ley, bad style (vide obs. 4). 

Bigle, bteqJ, sm. beagle, harrier, small dog 
for hunting hares. 

Bigle, beegl, adj. squint-eyed, squint, looking 
asquint, beagle-eyed. 

Bigi.er, be-glai, ra. 1 r. to squint, look 
asquint, obliquely, like a beagle. 

Bigoun::, be-gornn, sf. bipointed anvil ; bick- 
ern ; point of the anvil. 

BlGORNEAU, -X, p. be-gnr-vo, -oe, p. sm. small 

anvil, sharp point ; periwinkle. 
Bigorner, be-gornai, va. 1 r. to work, strike, 

shape on the anvil. 
Bigot, -e, be-go, -t, smf. and adj. bigot, hypo- 
crite ; devotee, bigoted, hypocritical. 
68 



Bigoterie, be-gott-rer, sf. bigotry, blind zeal, 
hypocrisy, prejudice, superstition, false 
devotion. 

Biguer, be-gai, va. 1 r. to swop, change, ex- 
change a card, make an exchange. 

Bijou, be-hjoo, sm. jewel, gem, precious stone, 
valuable ornament, trinket ; name of en- 
dearment. 

Bijou (petit), pte-be-hjoo, sm. pretty little 
darling, little dear. 

Bijouterie, be-hjoot-ree, sf. jewellery, jew- 
els, trinkets ; profession of making or sell- 
ing jewels. 

Bijoutier, be-hjoo-tyai, sm. jeweller, maker 
of or dealer in jewels, trafficker in precious 
stones. 

Bilan, be-lang, sm. account-book ; balance ; 
account of debtor and creditor ; book-keep- 
ing ; state of a bankrupt's affairs. 

Bilboquet, beel-bo-kai, sm. eup and ball ; 
small upright figure ; fickle person ; trifling- 
work. 

Bile, bed, sf. bile, gall, choler; anger, wrath, 
passion. 

Bile (echauffer la), ai-sho-fai-laJi-beel, v. 
1 r. to provoke, stir up one's anger. 

Biliaire, be-lyayre, adj. biliary, belonging 
to the bile. 

Bilieux, -se, be-lyidie, -z, adj. bilious, con- 
sisting of bile ; choleric, irascible, irrita- 
ble. 

Bill, beel, sm. bill, law submitted to the par- 
liament, act of the legislature. 

Billard, be-yar, sin. billiards, billiard-table, 
billiard. stick ; mace. 

Billarder, be-yar-dai. vn. 1 r. to drive ; 
touch, hit twice the ball ; impel the two 
balls at once. 

Bille, be-yuh, sf. ivory ball, billiard-ball ; 
packer's stick ; slip to transplant ; rolling- 
pin. 

Billebarker, be-yuh-bah-rai, va. 1 r. to 
checker, variegate, diversify with ill-suited 
colors. 

Billebaude, be-yuh-bode, sf. disorder, con- 
fusion, tumult, disturbance. 

A la billebaude, ah-'ah-be-yuh-bode, ad. in 
disorder, helter-skelter, without order. 

Biller, be-yai, va. 1 /•. to tighten, make close 
■with a pack -stick ; roll dough ; set horses 
to draw a boat. 

Billet, be-yai, sm. billet, note, advertise- 
ment, acknowledgment, bill, certificate, 
play-bill, ticket. 

Billet doux, be-yny-doo, sm. billet-doux, 
love-letter, soft billet. 

Billet de loteuie, be-yay-duTi-lott-ree, sin. 
lottery-ticket. 

Billet df, banque, bc-yay-dult-biuigl-e, sm. 
bank-note, bank-bill. 

Billette, be-yett, sf. toll-board ; receipt ; 
billet. 

Billevesee, be-yuh-vuh-zai, sf. foolish, idle 
stuff or story, nonsense, idle trash. 

Billion, be-lyong, sm. thousaud millions, 
billion. 

Billon, be-yong, sm. gold or silver below 
standard ; base coin, mint ; vine-sucker. 

Billonnage, be-yo-nalije, sm. debasement ; 
adulteration of coins ; circulation of bad 
money. 

Billot, beyo, sm. short thick piece of wood ; 
block ; billet ; cudgel ; wedge ; short thick 
book. 



BIS 



BLA 



Bimbelot, baingbe-lo, sm. child's plaything 
or toy. 

Bimbeloterie, baingbe-lo-tree, sf. manufac- 
ture, retailing of toys. 

Binaike, be-uayre, adj. binary, two double. 

BlffARD, be-nar, sm. large cart, four-wheeled 
cart. 

BlMBR, l>e-nai, va. 1 r. to plough , dress, dig 
a second time ; say two masses ; do duty 
in two parishes. 

Binet, be-nay, sm. socket, nozzle of a can- 
dlestick ; saveall. 

Binocle, be-noakl, sm. binocle, telescope 
fitted with two tubes to see a distant object 
with both eyes ; bandage. 

BlOGRAPHE, beyograff, sm. biographer, 
writer of lives. 

Biograprie, be-yo-graih-fee, sf. biography, 
historical account of the lives of particular 
men. 

Bipedal, -e, be-pai-dal, adj. bipedal, two 
feet in length, two feet long. 

Bii'EDE, bc-ped, sm. and adj. biped, animal 
with two feet. 

Bio'-t:, Leek, sf she-goat, suckling-goat. 

Biquet, be-lcay, sm. kid; money-scale, scale 
to weigh gold, <tc. 

Biqueter, beek-tai, va. 1 r. to kid, bring 
forth kids ; weigh money. 

Birambkot, be-rang-bro, sm. soup made of 
beer, sugar, and nutmeg. 

Bireme, berayme, sf. two oared boat, galley 
with two rows of rowers. 

BlRlBi, bere.br. sm. biribi. game of hazard. 

BlRLOJR, bir-loo-ar,sm. small catch, hook, 
button to hold up a window, <fcc, open 
(vide obs. 6). 

Bis, betss, ad. twice, encore, again, over 
again. 

Bis, -e, bee, -ze, adj. brown ; tawny, 
swarthy. 

Bisaieul, be-zah-yul, sm. great-grandfather 
(see Aieul). 

BiSAiEULE,6e-ca/(-7/«?/, sf. great-grandmother 
(see Aieule). 

Bisaigue, Imzaygg, sf. small sharp pointed 
tool at both ends. 

Bisannuel, -LE, be-zah-neu ell, adj. biennial, 
lasting two years (vide obs •}). 

Bisnn.i.E. bftss-bei/uh, sf. slight quarrel, mis- 
understanding upon an unimportant subject. 

BlS-BLANC, hee-bianq, sm. and adj. second 
flour, whitish brown. 

Biscornu, -e. beess-kor-nxu, -e, adj. bicorne, 
bicornous. having two horns ; ill-made, 
odd. irregular, ridiculous, wrong-headed. 

BlSCOTiN, beess-ko-laing, m. sugar-cake, bis- 
cuit, made of flour, sugar, eggs, and orange- 
flower. 

Biscuit, bees<,qnee, sm. biscuit, hard dry 
bread for sea use ; cake made of sugar, 4c. 
(vide obs. 4). 

Bise, beeze, sf northeast wind ; small house- 
hold loaf. 

Biseau, -x, p. be-zo, -oe, p. sm. cut of a dia- 
mond; kissing -crust; thing cut aslope. 

BlSER, be-zai, in. 1 r. to grow brown or 
worse : va. dye again, calender. 

Biset, bezay, sm. stock-dove, half wild 
pigeon ; coarse brown woollen stuff; flint. 

BlSETTB, be-zcll, sf. coarse narrow lace, foot- 
ing lace. 

Bison, be-zong, sm. wild ox ; buffalo (in her- 
aldry). 



BtSQtTAiN, beess-kaing, sm. undressed sheep's 
skin, horse cloth, mat 

Bisque, beesk, sf. bisk, soup, broth, cullis, 
gravy soup ; advantage (at tennis). 

Bissac, be-sack, sm. wallet, bag, knapsack. 

Bissexte, be-fieckst, sm. bissextile, leap-year, 
2il days in February. 

Bistouri, beam too-re, sm. bistoury ; incision 
knife, used by surgeons. 

Bistre, leestr, sm. bistre, prepared soot, 
brown color. 

Hitter, be-tai, ra. 1 r. to coil the cable round. 

Bitume, be-teum, sm. bitumen, unctuous mat- 
ter. 

Bitumineux, -3E, be-te>i.-me-nvlte, -ze, adj. 
bituminous, (ompounded of bitumen, fat, 
unctuous. 

BiviAUiE, be-vyayre, adj. meeting of two 
roads, leading to two ways. 

Bivoie, be-voo-uh, sf. parting of a road, two 
ways. 

Bivouac, be-voo-ark, sm. double night-watch, 
extraordinary watch during the night in the 
open air. 

Bivouaquer, be-voo-ah-kai, vn. 1 r. to keep 
watch during the night in the open air ; be 
without shelter. 

Bizarre, be-zarhe, adj. odd, whimsical, ca- 
pricious, fantastical, singular, eccentric, 
huraorsome. 

Bizarrement. liezar-mang, ad. oddly, fan- 
tastically, whimsically. 

Bizarrerie, bezar-ree, sf'. strangeness, 
whim, caprice, humor, fantasticainess, ec- 
centricity. 

Blafard, -e, bldh-farhe, -d, adj. pale, wan. 
dim, faded. 

Blaikeau, -x, p. blay-ro, -oe, p. sm. badger, 
bruck, a wild animal. 

Blamable, blah-mabl, adj. blamable, cul- 
pable, faulty. 

Blame, blahm, sm. blame, reproof, reprehen- 
sion ; reprimand; fault, crime, hurt. 

Blamer, blah-mai, va. 1 r. to blame, censure, 
reprimand, charge with a fault ; reprove 
publicly. 

Se blamer, suh-blah-mai, vref. to impute the 
fault to one's self; acknowledge one's error. 

Blanc, blany, sm. white, whiteness, white- 
color, blank ; whiting : mark. 

Blanc, blanche, blany, blangsh, adj. white, 
clean, pale ; pure, innocent, spotless. Carte 
blanche, blank. Fer blanc, tin. 

Blanc-bec, blang-bec, sin. raw young man, 
novice, young man without experience. 

Blanc de baleine, blang ■duh-bah-leyne, sm. 
spermaceti. 

Blanc-manger, blang -many -h ja i, sm. blane- 
manger., ragout made of the white of a fowl. 
almonds, milk, rice, &c. 

Blanc-seino, blang -suing, sm. carte-blanehe, 
blank paper signed. 

Blanch aille, llang-shah-yuli, sf. fry, young 
fish, small fish. 

Blanciiatre, blang -sb'ahtr, adj. whitish. 
somewhat white, pale, wan. 

Blanche, blangt-h, sf. minim; Whitehall at 
billiards ; sea-swallow. 

Blanchement, blangsh-mang, ad. cleanly 
neatly, in or with clean linen. 

Bunciiet, Wang-shay, sm. white flannel un 
der a waistcoat ; printer's blanket; strainei . 

Blancheur, blangshitr, sf. whiteness, pale- 
ness ; p".rity, cleanliness. 

69 



BLE 



BOC 



Blanchiment, blang -she-mang, sm. bleach- 
ing ; wash ; prepared aqua fortis ; refiner's 
workshop. 

Blanchir, blang -sheer, va. 2 r. to bleach, 
whiten, wash, purify, blanch; prove inno- 
cent; vindicate; smooth, polish. 

Blaxchir, blang sheer, vn. 2 r. to grow or 
become white, whiten ; grow old, gray- 
headed ; spend, graze ; prove abortive. 

Se blanchir, suh-blang -sheer, vref. to justify 
one's self, prove one's innocence. 

Blanchir au soliel, blang-shee-oso-lay-yuh, 
v. to bleach, whiten, blanch. 

Blanchissage, blang-she-sahje, sm. wash, 
washing, linen washed, bleaching, whiten- 
ing. 

Blaxchissant, -e, blang-she-sang, -t, adj. 
whiteuing, bleaching ; foaming, hoary, 
gray, white, snowy. 

Blanchisserie, blang -sheess-ree, sf. bleach- 
ing-field ; place to whiten linen, <tc. 

Blanchisseur, blang she-sur, sm. whitster, 
bleacher, whitener, washer, blancher. 

Blanchissecse, blang-shesuhze, sf. washer- 
woman, laundress. 

Blanque, blanglce, sf. sham lottery ; blank 
lottery (a game), private lottery. 

Blanquetts, blang-kett, sf. blanket ; delicate 
white wine ; white fricassee. 

Blaser, blah-zai, va. 1 r. to blunt, dull, 
weaken the senses of the body or mind. 

Se blaser, suh -blah-zai, vref. to impair, 
injure, weaken one's constitution by hard 
drinking and other enjoyments. 

Blasox, blah-zong, sm. heraldry ; blazonry ; 
ensigns, armorial arms. 

Blasoxxer. bluh-zo-nai, va. 1 r. to blazon, 
explain ensigns armorial; publish, criticise, 
slander, traduce, defame. 

Blasphemateur, blass-fai-mahtnr, sot. blas- 
phemer, impious wretch ; defamer, slan- 
derer. 

Blasphematoire, blass -fed- mah-too-ahre, 
adj. blasphemous, impious, full of impiety. 

Blaspheme, blass-fayme, sm. blasphemy, im- 
pious word, indignity offered unto God. 

Blasphemer, blass-fai-mai, va. and n. 1 r. 
to blaspheme, speak blasphemy, speak im- 
piously of God. 

Blatier, blah-tyai, sm. corn merchant, fac- 
tor ; corn chandler or dealer. 

Ble, blai, sm. corn, wheat, rye, oats, barley. 

BLE EX VERT Or EX HERBE (MA.N'GER SOX), 

many-hjai-song-blai-ang-vair or ang-nairbe, 
v. 1 r. to spend one's income before it is due. 

Bl£me, bleyme, adj. pale, very pale, wan, 
deadly white. 

Bl£mir, blay-meer, vn. 2 r. to grow very pale, 
lose one's color. 

Blessaxt, -e, blay-sang, -t, adj. offensive, 
displeasing, causing pain, injurious. 

Blesser, blay-sai, va. 1 r. to hurt, wound, 
offend, injure, harm, wrong; shock; in- 
spire. 

Se blesser, suh-blay-sai, vref. to hurt, wound, 
injure one's self, be hurt, wounded ; mis- 
carry. 

Blessure, blayseure, sf. wound, hurt, bruise: 
offence, injury, wrong; impression (vide 
obs. 4). 

Blette, blett, sf. sort of beet : adj. half rot- 
ten. 

Blette (poire), pooar-bletl, pear half rotten 
or too ripe. 
70 



Bleu, -e, blithe, -e, sm. and adj. blue, of bine 
color, etherial, azure. 

Bleuatre, bluhe-hhtr, adj. bluish, faint bine, 
blue in a small degree. 

Bleuir, bluhe-eer, va. n. 2 r. to blue, make 
blue, dye in blue ; grow, become, or turn 
blue. 

Blixder, blaing-dai, va. 1 r. to blind, cover 
with Dlinds (in fortification). 

Blixdes, hlaingde, sfp. blinds, palisadoes (in 
fortification). 

Bloc, bloak, sm. block, lump, heap, collec- 
tion ; rough piece of marble ; short piece of 
timber; pulley ; blockhead. 

Blocage, blo-khahje, sm. small stones to fill 
up walls with ; inverted letter ; rough ma- 
terials. 

Blocus, bio Iceuss, sm. blockade, investing of, 
shutting up of a place (vide obs. 4). 

Blond, blong, sm. fair, flaxen color ; man or 
boy with flaxen hair, or fair complexion. 

Bloxd, -n, blong, -d, adj. fair, flaxen ; white 
in complexion. 

Blonde, blongde, sf. fair woman or girl ; 
blond-lace; sweetheart, kept-mistress. 

Blondin, blong-daiiii), sm. spark, beau, gal- 
lant. 

Blondine, blong-deen, sf. fair woman or girl ; 
mistress. 

Blondir, blong-deer, vn. to grow fair or 
light ; ripen, turn yellowish. 

Blondissant, -e, blong-de-sang, -t, adj. yel- 
lowish, turning j-ellow ; golden. 

Bloquer, blo-kai, va. 1 r. to block up, block- 
ade ; fill up; invert; drive hard; calk, 
pitch. 

Blot, bio, sm. log-line. 

Blottir (Se), suh-bloteer, vref. 2 r. to squat, 
lie squat, sit close to the ground. 

Blouse, blooze, sf. billiards' pocket ; mould ; 
smock-frock ; blouse ; pinafore, wrapper. 

Blouser, bloo-zai, va. 1 r. to drive the ball 
into the pocket of billiards ; deceive, swin- 
dle, cheat. 

Se blouser, suh-hloo-zai , vrrf. to bewilder, 
confuse, lose one's ^elf ; blunder, mistake, 
take false measures. 

Bluet, bleu-ay, sm. corn-flower, blue-bottle. 

Bluette, bleu-ett, sf. spark, sparkle, flying 
particle of fire ; flash, flash of wit, playful 
satire, repartee (vide obs. 4). 

Blutage, bleu-lahje, sm. bolting of meal or 
flour ; sifting (vide obs. 4). 

Bluteau, bleu-to, sm. bolter, sieve, searce to 
separate flour from bran (vide obs. 4). 

Bluter, bleu-tai, va. 1 r. to bolt, sift, separ- 
ate flour from bran (vide obs. 4). 

Bluterie. bleut-ree, sf. bolting room or 
house, place where meal is sifted (vide obs. 
4). 

BobeChe, bo-bayshe, sf. nozzle, socket, hol- 
low of a candlestick, saveall. 

Bobixe, bo-been, sf. bobbin, reed, reel. 

Bobiner, bobe-nai, va. 1 r. to wind silk, &c. 
upon a bobbin. 

Bobineuse, bo-be-nnhze, sf. winder, person 
that winds silk, <&c. 

Bobo, bo-bo, sm. small ailment, slight hurt, 
child's expression of pain. 

Bocage, bo-kahje, sm. boscage, wood, grove, 
woodlands. 

Bocager, -e, bo-khah-hjai, -re, adj. woody, 
sylvan, of the woods, of the groves; de- 
lighting in woods. 



BOI 



BON 



Boc.vi.. bo-ihait, sm. decanter, globular bottle 
or glass vessel with a short neck ; mouth- 
piece of a trumpet. 
Bocard, bo-kar. sm. pounding-mill to pulver- 
ize ore. 

Bocarder, bo-Tfar-dai, va. 1 r. to pound, 
pulverize, reduce ore to powder. 

Bodruche, bo-dreuxh, *f. fine parchment, 
very thin pellicle, prepared gold-beater's 
skin (vide obs. 4). 

Boesse, bo-ess, sf. scraper, instrument to 
scrape the rough surface of metals, sculp- 
ture, Ac. 

Boesser, bo-ay-sai, ra. 1 r. to scrape off, 
clean, erase, take away the dirt or rough- 
ness. 

Bcei'f, -x, p. buff, buhe, p. sm. ox, oxen; gen- 
eral name for black cattle ; castrated bull ; 
big, dull, stupid man. 

B02UF a la mode, buff-ah-lah-mod, sm. ala- 
mode beef. 

Boghei, bog-gay, sm. buggy, open chaise or 
gig, one-horse chaise. 

Bogpe, bo;/, sf. prickly husk of the chestnut. 

Boiard, bo- gar, sin. hand-barrow to carry fish. 

BoiUE, boo-ahre, sm. drink, drinking, liquor 
of any kind. 

Boire, boo-ahre, ra. and n. 4 irr. to drink, 
swallow, suck up, absorb ; quench thirst, 
be an habitual drunkard ; drink to ; salute ; 
sink. 

Bois, boo-ah. pres. ind. of boire, drink. 

Bois, boo-ah. sm. wood, plantation of trees; 
forest ; horns of a stag. 

Bois chablis, boo-ah- shah- blee, sm. ■wind- 
fallen wood. 

Bois taii.lis, lioo-ah-tahyee, sm. copse, short 
■wood, brush-wood. 

Bois de charpexte, boo-ah-duh-shar-pangte, 
sm. timber, wood lit for building, main 
trunk of a tree. 

Bois he lit, boo-dh-duh-le, sm. bedstead, 
frame on which the bed is placed. 

Boisage, boo-ah-zahje, sm. timber wainscot, 
wood for building. 

Boise, -e, boo-ah-zai, -e, adj. wainscoted, 
lined with wood ; -woody, planted with 
trees. 

BoiSER, boo-ah-zai, ra. 1 r. to wainscot, cover 
or line with boards ; to plant trees, fill with 
trees. 

Boiserie, boa-ah-zree, sf. wainscoting, 
wood-work, carpenter's shop. 

BoiSEUX, -sc, hio - ah - zuhe, -zuhze, adj. 
■woody, ligneous, made of wood, wooden, 
resembling wood. 

Boisillier, boo-ah-zeel-lyai, sm. wood-cut- 
ter, woodman, hewer of wood. 

Boisseau, boo-ah - so. sm. bushel, measure 
containing eight gallons ; strike. 

Boisselee. boo - ass - laie, sf. contents of a 
bushel, bushel-full, as much ground as a 
bushel of grain can sow. 

Boisselier, -e. boo • ah - mh -lyai, -re, smf. 
maker or seller of bushels, tubs, sieves, 
<fec. ; turner. 

Boissox, boo-ah-song, sf. drink, beverage, 
liquor to be drunk. 

BoiTB, boo-aht, sf. proper time to drink a 
liquor, ripeness, maturity, fit age. 

Born;, boo-aht, sf. box, case, chest, coffer, 
casket, 

BorrB DE mo.vtre, loo-ahl-duh-mongtr, sf. 
watch-cate. 



Bo!te de puesse, boo-uht-dufi-press, sf. hose 
of a printer's press. 

Boite A. fusil, boo-aht-ah-feu+e, sf. tinder- 
box. 

BoiTE a. pocdre, boo - aht - ah - poodr , sf. 
powder flask or horn, powder-box. 

Boiter, boo-ah-tai, vn. 1 r. to limp, halt, go 
lame, claudicate, walk lamely ; stumble, 
hobble. 

Boiteux, -se, boo-ah-tuhe, -ze, smf. and adj. 
cripple, halter ; limping, lame, hobbling ; 
different, unequal. 

BorriER, boo -ah-tyai, sm. surgeon's case; 
pill-box ; casket, box for jewels ; box, 
chest maker. 

Boive, boo-ahv, pres. subj. of boire, may 
drink. 

Boivext, boo-ahv, 3 pers. pi. pres. ind. of 
boire, drink. 

Bol or Bolus, bol or bo - lease, sm. bolus, 
medicinal mass larger than a pill (vide 
obs. 4). 

Bol d'Armexie, bol-d'ar-mai-nee, sm. bol 
ammoniac. 

Bombaxce, bong-bangsse, sf feasting, feast, 
expensive entertainment, extravagant liv- 
ing. 

BOMBAXCE (FAIRE), faire-bong-bangsse, idi. 
v. 4 irr. to live sumptuously ; riot ; pam- 
per ; feast extravagantly. 

Bombarde, bongbarde, sf. bombard ; great 
gun ; bomb vessel or ketch ; wind-instru. 
ment. 

Bombardemext, bong-barde-mang, sm. bom- 
bardment, attack made by throwing bombs. 

Bombarder, boug-bar-dai, va. 1 r. to bom- 
bard, attack with bombs. 

Bombardier, bong -bar -d yai, sm. bombardier, 
gunner, engineer who shoots bombs, <fcc. 

Bombasix, bong- bah -zaing, sm. bombasin, 
slight silken stuff, dimity. 

Bombe, bongbe, sf. bomb, hollow iron ball or 
shell filled with gunpowder ; loud noise ; 
impending disaster. 

Bombement, bongbe- mang. sm. convexity, 
swelling, curvature, protuberance ; rum- 
bling noise. 

Bomber, bong-bai, ra. 1 r. to make convex, 
beat out ; arch, curve, swell. 

Bomber, bong-bai, vn. lr, to protuberate, 
swell out, grow or become round and hollow. 

Box, bong, sm. good, advantage, gain, profit ; 
insurance ; promissory note ; acceptance ; 
virtue, righteousness. 

Box, boxxe, bong, bonn, adj. good, kind, ex- 
cellent, benevolent, virtuous, fit, proper, 
advantageous ; great, large, long ; able, 
plentiful ; strong, skilful, brave. Boa an, 
mat an, one year with another. II y va a, 
la bonne foi, he means well. 

Box air, bong - nuir, sm. grace, elegance; 
good luck. 

Box mot, bong-mo, sm. witty saying, repar- 
tee, smart reply, sudden flash of wit. 

Box, bong, ad. well, much, good, not amiss. 

Box, bong, int. well ! right ! in good time ! 
be it so ! pshaw ! so-so ! good-now ! 

Box (tout de), tood-bong, ad. exp. in earn- 
est, in good earnest, really, seriously, 
very true ; indeed ! 

Box (a. quoi), ah-lcoo-ah-bong, ,ad. exp. to 
what purpose. 

BONXE, bonn, sf. dear, honey, sweet, goody. 
Yenez ici, ma bonne, come here, my dear. 

71 



BON 



BOFw 



Bonne heure (de), duh botin-uhre, ad. exp. 
early, betimes, soon. 

Bonne heure (a la), ah-lah-bonn-uhre, ad. 
exp. in time, in good time, in the nick of 
time ; well and good ; let it be so ; with all 
my heart ! 

Bonace, bo-nasse, sf. calm; stillness; quiet- 
ness ; tranquillity. 

Bonasse bo-naf.se, adj. good-natured, simple, 
innocent ; foolish, credulous ; complying. 

Bonbon, bong-bong, sm. sugar-plum, sweet- 
meat, niceties, delicacies ; dainties, lozen- 
ges. 

Bonbonniere, bong-ho-nyayre, sf. pocket- 
box to hold sweeties, sugar-plums, kc. ; 
pretty small house. 

BONCHRETIEN, hong -lerai -tyaing, sm. bon- 
chretien, very fine flavored pear. 

Bond, bong, sm. bound, rebound, leap, jump, 
spring, bounce, skip. 

Bond (prendre la balle au), prangdr-laji- 
bal-o bong, idi. v. 4 irr. to seize a favor- 
able opportunity. 

Bond a son honneur (faire faux), faire- 
foe-liong-ah-song-no-nur, idi. v. 4 irr. to 
lose one's reputation. 

Bond (faire faux), faire-foe-bong, idi. v. 4 
irr. to break one's promise, deceive ; fail, 
be a bankrupt. 

Bonde, hongile. sf. bung, stopper, bung- 
hole ; sluice, flood-gate dam. 

Bonder, bong-dai, va. Ir. to bung, stop up, 
close a barrel. 

Bondir, bong-deer, vn. 2 r. to bound, jump, 
frisk, skip, rebound, spring, bounce; lise. 

Bondissant, -e, bong de-sung, -t, adj. skip- 
ping, bounding, frisking, capering. 

Bondissejient, bong-deess-mang, sm. leap, 
spring, rebound, skip, bounce, bound, 
friskiness. 

Bondissejient de cceur, bong-deess-mang- 
duh-kur, sm. rising of the stomach. 

Bondon, hong ■ dong, sm. bung, stopper, 
stopple ; bung-hole. 

BonConner, bong-do-nai, va. Ir. to bung, 
stop up, close ; tap, pierce, breach. 

Bondonniere, hong ■ do-nyoyre, sf. borer, 
piercer, augur (cooper's tool). 

Bonheur, bo-nur, sm. happiness, felicity; 
good luck, good fortune, prosperity, bless- 
ing. 

Bonheur (par), par-ho-mir, ad. exp. luckily, 
fortunately, by good hap, by good lurk. 
happily. 

Bonhomie, ho-no-mee, sf. good nature, good- 
ness, meekness, simplicity of manners ; 
silly discourse. 

Bonhomme, lo-nomm, sm. gentle, meek- 
good-natured man ; old man. 

Bonification, bo - ne -ft - kali - syong, sf. im- 
provement, melioration ; progress from 
good to better. 

Bonifier, bo-ne-fyai, va. 1. r. to improve, 
meliorate, perfect, make better ; make 
good, indemnify, secure from losses. 

Se bonifier, snh-bo-ne-fyai, vref. to get or 
grow better, improve, amend. 

Bonjour, bonghjoor, sm. good day, good 
morning. 

Bonne, bonn, sf. governess of children; nurse, 
old woman -servant. 

Bonne aventure, bonn-ah-vang-teure, sf. 
fortune, destiny, luck, prediction (vide 
obs. 4). 
72 



Bonne fortune, lonn-for-teune, sf. unex- 
pected luck, good windfall, prosperous ad- 
venture, favors (vide obs. 4). 

Bonne grace, bonne-giahsse, sf. head cur- 
tain of a bed ; bongraee. 

Bonne fois (Une), eunn - bonn -foo -ah, ad. 
exp. seriously, once for all, in earnest. 

Bonnement, Bonn -mang, ad. truly, ingenu- 
ously, honestly, sincerely; exactly, plainly. 

Bonnet, bo-nay, sm. bonnet, hat, cap. Avoir 
la tele pres du bonnet, to be hasty. 

Bonneter, bo-ndi-tai. va. Ir. to cringe, 
bow, pay court, fawn, flatter. 

Bonneterie, bo - neii - tee, sf. caps and ho- 
siery manufacture or business, cap-maker's 
trade. 

Bonnetier, -E T bo-vuh-tyai, -re, smf. cap- 
maker, hosier, dealer in caps, &.C.; weaver. 

Bonnette, bo-nett, sf. bonnet, small ravelin 
with a low parapet ; bonnets; small sails. 

Bon SENS, bong-sang, sm. good sense, judg- 
ment, discretion, piudence, faculty of rea- 
soning. 

Bon soir, bong -soo - ar, sm. good evening, 
good night (vide obs. 6). 

Bonte, hong toi, sf. goodness, good-will, 
kindness, beneficence, benignity, good na- 
ture, civility, easy temper, weakness, 
strength, excellency, fruitfulness. 

Bonze, bongze, sm. bonze, Chinese or Japa- 
nese priest. 

Boras, bo - rarJts, sm. borax, artificial salt 
prepared fiom various salts dissolved in 
wine. 

Bord, bor, sm. border, edge, brim, bank, 
brink, rim, shore, extremity, skirt, sid , 
party. 

Bord a bord, bor ■ ah - Lor, ad. exp. level, 
even with. 

Bord (navice), nah- veer -Lor, sm. ship, 
vessel, boat, &c. 

Bordage, bor-dahje, fin. planking of a ship, 
planks of the outside of a ship. 

Borde, bor-dai, sm. gold, silver, silk lace 
to ornament, embroider clothes. 

Bordee, hi>i— loir, sf. broadside; tack ; vol- 
ley of abusive language. 

Bokdement. borde-mang, sm. forcible seizure 
of a ship, boarding; edge, rim. 

Border, bor-dai, va. 1 r. to border, edge, 
lace, hem ; line ; trim, fringe ; board. 

Bordereau, -x, p. borde-ro, -oe, p. sm. note, 
in' morandum-book, account. 

BoEDURE, Lor-deure, sf. border, edge, frame, 
rim. 

Boreal, -e, bo-rai-al, adj. boreal, northern, 
northerly, septentrional. 

Boree, bo-raie, sm. boreas, north wind. 

Borgnk, hor-iiig-ynh (gn. liq. see table', smf. 
Rndadj. person blind of one eye ; one eyed. 

Borgne (un conte), wig-congie-bor-ing-yuh, 
sm. old woman's story, tale. 

Borgne (un cabaret), utig-lhoh-lah-my- 
bor-ing-yuh, sm. hedge ale hou^e, paltry 
tavern, ill-frequented house. 

Borgne (un compte), ung - eortgte - bor - ing - 
yuh, sm. confused account, uneven money. 

BORGNESSE. hor-ing-yess (gn. liq. see tab.), 
sf. one-eyed woman or girl ; driveller. 

Borne, bornn, sf. bound, limit, stone, post, 
end, land-mark. 

Borne, -e, bor-nai, -e, adj. limited, narrow, 
shallow, small, moderate, uninformed, ig- 
norant. 



BOU 



BOU 



skk, bor-pai, va. 1 r. to bound, limit, 

x, edge, end ; restrain, confine ; cutoff. 

■ ki:. 8uh -bor-nai, vref. to confine. 

limit one's suit', be contented, satisfied 

with. 

\OYER, hor-wmnh-yai, va. 1 r. to shut 
one eye, to judge of or observe a lineation 
or level. 

Bosquet, bos-hay, sm. grove, thicket, plan- 
tation of trees. 

Boss age, bo-sahje, am. bossage, embossment, 
jut, eminence; relief, vising work. 

Bosse, boss, sf. boss, bunch, lump, knob; 
lling, rise; relievo, model, figure. 

B,0Sselage, bosse -Idhje, am. relict', emboss- 
ment, rising work. 

;eler, bosse -hti, va. 1 r. to emboss, en- 
grave with relief, work in relief. 

B -w.i'RE, bosse - leure, sf. crimping of 
leaves, contraction, shrinking (vide obs. 4). 

Bossette, bo-sett, sf. boss, stud, stud on a 
b: idle ; winker. 

Bosso, -k, bo*eu, -e, smf. and adj. kump- 
back, hunchbacked; uneven, unequal, tor- 
tuous. 

BOS5UER, bo-seu-ai. va. 1 r. to bruise; raise 
bumps ; dint, batter, deface (vide obs. 4). 

Bot, bo, adj. in. joined only to pied. Pied- 
bol or pieds-bot, pyai-bo or pyaie-boj club- 
foot. 

Botaxique, bo-tah-neek; sf. botany, knowl- 
edge of plants. 

Botaxique, bo-tdh-neek, adj. botanical, bo- 
tanic, relating to herbs, skilled in herbs. 

Bot\xiste, bo-tah-neest, smf. botanist; one 
skilled in plants. 

Botaxologie, botah-no-lo-hjee, sf. botanolo- 
gy, discourse upon plains. 

Botte, bolt, sf. boot ; bunch, bundle ; heap ; 
barrel ; butt ; thrust ; hank ; bottle of hay, 
&c ; step of a coach. 

Bottes, botte, sr'p. clods of dirt sticking to 
the shoes in dirty weather. 

Bottes (a propos be), ah-pro-poe-duh-bot/e, 
ad. exp. without cause, without reason ; by 
the by. 

BOTTELAGE, botte - lahje, sm. hay binding; 
bottling. 

Botteler, bot-lai, va. 1 r. to bind hay, Ac. ; 
tic. 

Bottei.eur. bot-lur, sm. hay-binder, one 
who bottles. 

Botter, bo-tal, va. 1 r. to make or put ou 
boots. 

Se cotter, suh-bo-tai, vref. to put on one's 
boots ; clog one's shoes with mud or snow. 

B (TTIER, bo-lyai, sm. boot maker or sell . 

Bottine, bo-teen, sf. half boot, buskin, 1 1 
it ; jockey boot. 

Bouard, boo-ar, sm. sledge, minter's ham- 
mer. 

Bore, book, sm. he-goat, goat-skin, leathern 
bottle. 

Boucax, boo-ka^g, sm. hut. Wretched hovel, 
place to smoke flesh or fish, house of ill- 
fame, paltry ale-house. 

Botv \xi:i;. b to - bah ■ nai. va. 1 r. to smoke, 
grill meat ; dry by smoke ; make a great 
noise, quarrel, vex. teiise, torment. 

Boci" LHEH, boo-kah-nai, m. 1 r. to hunt wild 
oxen, raise a great smoke. 

Eoucan'ier, boo-hah-rvyai, sm. buccaneer, 
hunter ; one who smokes, dries flesh or fish 
by smoke ; pirate. 



BOUCASSIN, boo-kah-sainy, sm. bocasine, kind 
of fustian. 

BouCAUT, boo-koe, sm. hogshead, barrel to 
import or export good 

BOUCHE, booshe, sf. mouth ; aperture; open- 
ing; entrance; man; speaker; people; 
animal. Avoir bonne bouche, to be secret. 
Trailer a bouche, to treat nobly. 

Bonne bouche, bonn-booslie, sf. dainties, 
tit-bit, delicacies ; hope, fair prospect, 
smiling thought. 

BoucnE a bouche, boo.die - ah -booshe, sm. 
face to face, interview, parley, oral treaty, 
conversation, agreement. 

BOUCHER, hoo-shaie, sf. mouthful, morsel ; 
small quantity. 

Bouche, -e, boo -share, -e, adj. dull, stupid, 
heavy, Inmpish, without judgment. 

Boucher, boo-shai, va. 1 r. to stop, cork, 
shut, stuff, obstruct, prevent ; pay, repair ; 
plant, build. 

Boucher, boo-shai, sm. butcher; blood- 
thirsty man, unskilful surgeon. 

Bouchere, boo - shay re, sf. butcher's wife, 
woman that sells meat ; cruel woman. 

Boucherie, booshe-ree-. sf. slaughter-house, 
shambles, meat market ; slaughter, but- 
chery, cruelty, murder, battle, carnage. 

Boucherie (viaxde de), vyavgde - duh- 
booshe-ree, sf. butcher's meat. 

Bouche trou, booshe-troo, sm. substitute, 
person or thing put in the place of another. 

Boucheture, booshe-teiire, sf. ditch, fence, 
inclosure, monnd, hedge ; obstruction, 
stop, stoppage. 

Bouchoir, boo - shoo- ar, sm. stopple ; iron 
face, door, back of the oven ; any thing 
that fills up the mouth of any vessel (vide 
obs. 6). 

Bouchox, boo - shorty, sm. cork, stopple, 
wisp, bush ; hedge ale-house, paltry tav- 
ern ; bunch, rumple, bundle. 

liorcHO.v.N'ER, boo-sho-nai, ra. 1 r. to rub 
with a wisp, rumple ; caress, cajole ; make 
much of. 

Bouchoxxiee, boo-sho-nyai, sm. cork cutter 
or seller. 

Boucle, boockl, sf. buckle ; ring, curl ; ear- 
ring, prison. 

Boucler, boo-Jdai, va. 1 r. to buckle : ring ; 
curl ; invest, shut up ; finish ; conclude, 
make au end of. 

Bouclier, boo-lde-yai, sm. shield, buckler ; 
defence, protection ; defender, protector. 

Boucox, boo-kong, sm. poison ; affront, of- 
fence. 

Bouco.x (ataler le), ah - vah - la i - lull - boo- 
kong, va. 1 r. to swallow an affront. 

Bouder, boo-dai, vn. \r. to pout, look sul- 
len, angry, discontented ; glout. 

Bouder, boo-dai, va. 1 r. to look cross at 
one, be angry, displeased with ; deprive 
one's self. 

Boudeuie, boode-ree,sf. pouting ; wrangling, 
perverse humor, discontent. 

Bouderie (AVOIR Quelque), ah-voo-ar-kelck- 
bood-ree, v. aux. to be wrangling, angry, 
dissatisfied (vide obs. 6). 

BouDEUR, -se, bijodur, -dtdize, smf. and adj. 
sullen, sulky, morose ; one who pouts, is 
dissatisfied. 

Boudix, boo-daing, sm. pudding, sausage ; 
roll ; curl ; small portmanteau. 

Boudi>" N"0IR, boo-dainrj-noo-ar, sm. black- 

73 



BOU 



BOU 



pudding, gut filled with hog's fat and blood 
(vide obs. 6). 

Boudin BLANC, boo-daing-blang, sm. white- 
pudding ; gut filled with certain mixtures 
of flour, milk, eggs, and white of capons, 
Ac. 

Boudine, boo-deen, sf. rising knot on the sur- 
face of apiece of glass, formed by the blow- 
pipe. 

Boudiniere, boo-de-nyayre. sf. funnel, tun- 
nel, pipe used to make puddings. 

Boudoir, boo-doo - ar, sm. cabinet, closet, 
private room, lady's retiring room (vide 
obs. 6). 

Boue, looe, sf. dirt, mud, filth, mire ; mean- 
ness, sordidness ; wretched state ; misery ; 
matter, pus. 

Bouee, boo-aie, sf. buoy, piece of cork or 
wood fixed to a weight ; sea-mark. 

Boueh, boo-ai, va. 1 r. to render ductile, 
pliant, beat down, flatten, beat with a 
hammer ; hammer. 

Boueur, hoo-ur, sm. scavenger, one who 
cleans the streets. 

Boueux, -se, boo-vhe, -ze, adj. dirty, muddy, 
miry ; dim, splashy, danby. 

Bouffant, boo-fang, sm. bouffant, ornament 
worn round the neck b} r ladies. 

Bouffant, -e, boo-fang, -/, adj. puffing, 
swelling, swelled out. 

Bouffee, boo-faie, sf. puff; blast ; fit; breath- 
ing, start. 

Bouffek, boo - fat, va. 1 r. to blow, puff, 
swell into size ; eat, gorge ; glut. 

Bouffer, boo-fai, vn. 1 r. to blow up, swell 
with the wind. 

Bouffette, boo-fett, sf. tuft of ribbons put to 
one end of the head-band of a bridle. 

Bouffi, -e, boo-fe, -e, adj. swelled with, 
puffed up', bombastic, pompous, high- 
sounding. 

Bouffik, boo-feer, va. n. 2 r. to swell, raise, 
bloat ; be swelled, puffed, turgid. 

Bouffissuke, boo-feseure, sf. swelling, pro- 
tuberance, morbid tumor ; bombast, fus- 
tian ; big words (vide obs. 4). 

Bouffon, boo-fong, sm. buffoon, jester, jug- 
gler, mimic ; butt, laughing-stock, object 
of ridicule. 

Bouffon, -ne, hoo-fong, -form, adj. comical, 
facetious, droll, lauprhable, farcical, wag- 
gish, full of buffoonery. 

Bouffonner, hoo-fo-nai, va. 1 r. to play the 
buffoon, droll, jest, divert by words or ac- 
tions. 

Bouffonnerie, boo-fonn-ree, sf. buffoonery, 
low jests, scurrile mirth, practice of a buf- 
foon. 

Bouge, bnohje, sm. small hut ; dirty apart- 
ment ; rim, curve, circlet ; fine sieve ; con- 
vexity. 

Bouge, boohje, sm. middle of a barrel or 
cask. 

Bouge, boohje, sm. budget or bag. 

Bougeoir, boohjoo-ar, sm. fiat candlestick 
with a handle, bed candlestick (v. obs. 6). 

Bouger de, boo-hjai, vn. to stir, go out of, 
change ; be steady, assiduous. 

Bougie, boo-hjee, sf. wax-candle, wax-light, 
taper ; bougee. 

Bougier, boo-hjyai, va. 1 r. to wax or cere 
•with wax the selvage of cloth to prevent it 
from ravelling. 

Boug^in, -ne, lioo-gong, -aonn, smf. grumbler, 
.74 



murmurer, mutterer, repiner, one that frets 
and complains. 

Boi'GONNEli, boo-go-nni, vn. 1 r. to grumble, 
murmur, mutter, be always finding iault, fret. 

BOUGRAN, boo - grai.g, sm. buckram, cloth 
stiffened with gum ; stiffness, pomposity, 
affectation. 

Bouillant, -E, boo-yang, -t, adj. boiling hot, 
hasty, passionate, vehement, ardent, fiery. 

Bouillant, boo-yang, pres. part, of bouillir, 
boiling. 

Bouille, boo-yvh, 1 and 3 pers. sing. pres. 
subj. of bouillir, may boil. 

BOuillent, boo-yvh, 3 pers. pi. pres. hid. 
and subj. of bouillir, boil. 

Bouillez, boo-yai, 2 pers. sing. pres. ind. of 
bouillir, boil. 

Bouilleur, boo-yur, sm. distiller, rectifier of 
spirits. 

Bouilli, boo-ye, sm. boiled meat. 

Bouillie, boo - yte, sf. pap, food made of 
bread boiled in water. 

Bouillie pour les chats, boo-yee-poordey- 
shahe, sf vain, fruitless labor, useless toil, 
unprofitable undertaking. 

Bouillir, boo-yeer, vn. 2 irr. to boil, work, 
ferment, be agitated, made with. 

Bouillir de la viande (faire), faireboo- 
yetr -dlah -vyangde, comp. 4 irr. to boil 
meat. 

Bouilloire, boo-yoo-ahre, sf. kettle, boiler. 

Bouillon, boo-yong, sm. broth, bubble; 
ebullition, effervescence ; impetuosity, ar- 
dor ; bad speculation, unlucky underta- 
king ; puff, froth, foam. 

Bouillon blanc, boo-yong-blang, sm. mul- 
lein (a plant). 

Bouillonnement, boo-yonn-mang, sm. boil- 
ing, bubbling up, ferment, effervescence. 

Bouillonner, boo-yonai, vn. to bubble up, 
ferment, effervesce; gush out ; puff up. 

Bouillons, boo-yong, 1 pers. sing. pres. ind. 
of bouillir. 

Bouillote, boo-yolt, sf. small tea-kettle, cof- 
fee-pot ; game at cards. 

Boulanger, boo ■ lang - hjai, sm. baker or 
bread-seller. 

Boulanger, boo -lang -hjai, va. n. 1 r. (o 
bake bread, sell bread. 

Boulangere, boo - lang -hjayre, sf. baker- 
woman or baker's wife. 

Boulangerie, boo-lanhje-ree, s/'. bake-house, 
baker's trade, baker's shop ; baking. 

Boule, boolc, sf. ball, bowl ; globe, sphere ; 
marble, taw. Jouer a la boule, to play at 
bowls. 

Bouleau, -x, p. boo-lo, -oe, p. sm. birch- 
tree ; birch, rod, correction. 

Bouledogue, bool-dog, sm. bull-dog, dog of 
a particular form, and remarkable for his 
courage. 

Bouler, boo-lai, vn. 1 r. to raise, swell ; puff 
up ; pout as pigeons do. 

Boulet, boo-lay, sm. bullet, ball ; pastern. 

Boulette, boo - hit, sf. little ball ; forced- 
meat ball. 

Bouleux, boo-luhe, sm. short thick horse ; 
drudge ; drudger ; steady laborious work- 
man. 

Boulevard, bool-var, sm. bulwark, bastion, 
curtain ; public walk ; fortress. 

Bouleversejient, bool- vairsse -viang, sm. 
overthrow, ruin, destruction, defeat; dis. 
order, confusion. 



BOU 



BOU 



Bouleverser, bool-vair-sai, va. Ir. to over- 
throw, throw down, demolish ; destroy, 

ruin ; disorder, put in confusion. 
Boulevue (a or a la), ah or ah - lah - bool - 

cewr, ad. exp. inadvertently, heedlessly, 

negligently. 
Boulikr, boo-Jj/ai, tan. earthen vessel or vase. 
Boulimie, boo-lemee, sf. inordinate hunger, 

attended with waste and decay. 
BOULJN, boo -law;i, sm. pigeon-hole, in a 

dove-house, pigeon's nest ; putlog, hole 

for the beam of a scaffold. 
Bouline. boo-leen, *f. bowline, rope fastened 

to the middle part of the outside of a sail, 

tack. 
Boui.ine (aller a LA), alt -lai-ah -lah -boo- 

o > n, r. 1 in-, to sail with a side wind, tack ; 

shuffle in an affair. 
Bouxiner, boo-le-nai, ra. 1 r. to tack, sail 

with a side wind ; shift, evade, shuffle in 

an affair ; steal, rob in a camp. 
Boulineur, boo-le-nur, sm. robber, thief (in 

a camp) ; marauder. 
Boulingrin, boo-la&ng-graing, sm. bowling- 
preen, grass-plot, smooth level to play at 

bowls. 
Boulon, boo-long, sm. bolt, iron-pin, beam 

of a balance, pin of a pulley. 
BoULONNER, boo-lo-nai, ra. 1 r. to fasten with 

a bolt or pin, bolt. 
BorjQUEj bool;, .</. strait, narrow pass, chan- 
nel, canal. 
Bouquet, boo-lcay, sm. nosegay, posy, bunch 

of flowers, &c. ; clump of trees. 
Bouquet de plumes, loo-lay-duh-pleum, 

sm. plume, bunch of feathers. 
Bouquet de diamans, boo - lag - duh - dyah- 

taanghe, sm. knot of diamonds, egret. 
Bouquet de paille, boo-L-ay-didi-phhyuh, 

sm. wisp of straw. 
Bouquet de cerises, boo -Lay -dtdi-sreeze, 

sm. cluster of cherries. 
Bouquet (avoir le), ah-voo-ar-luh-hoo-l-ay, 

v. mix. to be married ; be sold (v. obs. 6). 
Bouquet (dosser le), donai-luh-boo-kay, 

o. 1 r. to give a treat, feast, or ball. 
Bouquet (KENDRB le), rangdr-luh-hoo-ltay, 

r. 4 irr. to return a treat, feast, or ball. 
Bouquetier, book-tyai, sm. flower-pot, vase 

to hold flowers. 
BoUQUETIERE, boolc-tyayre, sf. flower girl or 

woman, one who sells or makes nosegays. 
BOUQUETIN, book-laing,sm. wild-goat, young 

wild-goat. 
B( UQUIN, boo-kaing, ■<?». old he-goat ; satyr : 

old debauchee ; buck hare or rabbit ; "old 

book . 
BOUQUINS (DE VIEUX), duh - ryiihe - boo ■ 

Jeaivghe, smp. old books ; musty books of 

little value. 
Bouquineu, boo-ke-rtai, vn. 1 >•. to hunt after 

old books ; read old books. 
BOUQUINEUR, boo -J;e - >iur. sm. bookman, 

bcok-worm ; student too closely fixed upon 

books. 

JUINISTE, boo-Tte-neast, sm. man who sells 

or buys old books, dealer in second-hand 

bo 
BODB A CAN, boo - rah - 1th a ng, sm. barra can , 

strong thick camelot. 
Boukaca.vnier, boo-rah-hah-nyai, sm. bar- 
racan, merchant or weaver. 
BouRBE, boorbe, sf. mud, mire, tilth, slime ; 

thick matter, pus. 



Bourbeux, -se, boor-huhe, -ze, adj. muddy, 
turbid, miry, foul with mud ; slimy, dirty, 
impure, dark, dull. 

BotTRBIER, boor-l.yai, tm. slough, puddle, 
dirty plash ; had affair ; gross intemper- 
ance, sink of vice. 

Bour billon, boor-be-yong, sm. suppuration, 
pus, thick matter from a sore. 

Bourcette, boor-sett, sf. corn salad. 

Bourdalou, boor -da h- lour, sm. hat-band, 
narrow ribbon round the hat with a buckle; 
oval bidet. 

Boukde, boorde., sf. fib, lie, evasion, trick, 
deceit, imposition, falsehood, sham. 

Bourdillox, boor-de-yong, sm. slip of wood 
cleft to make casks, staff, staves. 

Bourdon, boor-dovg, sm. pilgrim's staff; 
drone ; hairy buzzing fly ; great hell ; base 
sound ; omission. 

Bourdonnant, -k, boor - do- nang, -(, adj. 
buzzing, humming; whispering, prating. 

Bourdonnement, boor-donn-mang, sm. hum, 
buzzing; tinkling noise in the ear ; whis- 
per, huzza. 

Bourdonner, boor-do-nai, vn. 1 r. to hum, 
buzz, mutter, murmur, applaud ; whisper. 

Bourdonset, boor - do ■ nay, sm. lint, linen 
scraped into a woolly substance to lay on 
sores. 

Bourg, boor, sm. borough, market-town, 
small town with a corporation. 

Bourgade, boor -ghad, sf. small borough, 
large village. 

Bourgeois, boor-hjoo-ah, sm. burgeois, bur- 
gess, citizen, freeman of a city ; commoner ; 
ship-owner. 

Bourgeois, -e, boor-hjoo-ah, -z, adj. belong- 
ing to a citizen ; fit for a citizen ; too famil- 
iar. 

Bourgeoise, boor -hjoo-ahze, sf. citizen's 
wife ; silver coin ; tulip (a flower). 

Bourgeoisemext, boor-hjoo-ahzf-mavg, ad. 
like a citizen, after the manner of trades' 
folks. 

Bourgeoisie, boor-hjoo-ah-zee, sf. freedom of 
a city ; citizens, body of the citizens. 

Bourgeon, boor-hjong, sm. bud, shoot; 
pimple, wheal. 

BOURGEONNER, boor-hjo-nai, vn. 1 r. to bud, 
put forth young shoots ; break out in pim- 
ples. 

Bourgmestre, boorghe - mestr, sm. burgo- 
master, chief magistrate of a city. 

BouRGOGNE, boo-yuitiy-i/idi, sm. .Burgundy, 
wine of Burgundy. 

Bourguignox, boor-guing-yong, sm. sort of 
grape. 

Bourrache, boo-rash, sf. borage, a plant. 

Bourrade, • boo - rad, sf. caff, blow, push, 
thrust ; assault, attack ; smart reply. 

Bourrasque, boo-rasck, sf. sudden storm ; 
tit of passion ; ill humor, whim, caprice ; 
popular commotion soon over. 

Bourre, boore, sf. wadding, cow's hair ; trash 
in writings to fill up ; useless thing. 

Bourreau, -x, p. boo-ro, -oe, sm. hangman, 
headsman, executioner ; cruel inhuman 
person ; remorse, passions. 

Bourree, boo-raie, sf. fagot, bundle of brush- 
wood, chatwood, bavin. 

BOURREE (danse), sf. boree, a step in dan- 
cing. 

Bourreler, booe-ruh-lai, ra. 1 /•. to ill-use ; 

. torment, rack, torture. 

75 



BOU 



BOIT 



r. to stuff; ram, 
quarrel, reprove 



Bourrelet or Bourlet, boore - lay, sm. 
cushion for the head, pad, frontlet worn by 
children beginning to walk. 

Bourrelier, boore-lyai, sm. pack-saddle, 
collar, harness-maker. 

Boukrer, boo-rai, va. 1 
thrust ; beat, ill-use, 
rudely, be redundant. 

Bourriche, boo-reesh, sf game-basket, long 
oval wicker basket to send game, &c. 

Bourrique, boo-reelt, sf. ass, she-ass ; sorry 
horse ; stupid, ignorant, foolish person ; 
hand-barrow. 

Bourriquet, boo-re-kai, sm. ass's colt ; hand- 
barrow. 

Bourru, -E, boo-reu, -e, smf. and adj. mo- 
rose, cross, peevish ; capricious, whim- 
sical, odd; austere, Ungovernable (vide 
obs. 4). 

Bourse, bourse, sf. purse, bag ; hair-bag ; an- 
nuity from a college ; exchange ; money, 
wealth. 

Bourse (ooupeur de), kon-pur-duh-boorse, 
sm. pickpocket, highwayman, public rob- 
ber. 

Bourse (demander la), duh-mang-dai-lah- 
boorse, va. 1 r. to make one deliver his 
money. 

Bourse a part (f aire), faire-boorse-ah-par, 
v. 4 irr. to keep one's own money. 

Bourse d'autrui (vivre sur la), nieeor-seur- 
laJi-boorse-d'o-treu-ee, v. 4 irr. to live at the 
expense of another (vide obs. 4). 

Bourse plate (avoir la), ah - voo - ar - laJi - 
bourse-plait, irti. v. aux, to have very little 
money (vide obs. 6). 

Boursette, boor-sett, sf. small purse, very 
little money. 

Boursier, boor-syai, sm. purser, treasurer ; 
purse maker or seller ; bursar ; student 
having a pension in a college. 

Boursiller, boor-se-yai, vn. 1 r. 
tribute, give, collect a joint sum 
gathering. 

Bo u rsou fflage, boor -soo -ftahje, sm. bom- 
bast ; pomposity ; swelling, bloatedness. 

Boursouffle, -e, boor - xoo -flat, -e, adj. 
bloated, swelled, fat, big ; bombastic, high- 
sounding, pompous. 

Boursouffler, boor -soo jlai, va.\ r. to swell, 
puff up ; bloat ; write pompously, in a bom- 
bastic manner. 

Bous, boo, pres. ind. ofbouillir, boil. 

Bouse, booze, sf. cow's dung, soil, dung of 
oxen. 

BousillaGE, boo-ze-yahje, sm. mud walling, 
mixture of mud and stubble ; work badly 
done. 

Bousiller, boo-ze -yai, va. 1 )•. to make a 
mad wall ; work ill ; bungle, botch, spoil 
a work. 

Bousilleur, -se, boo - ze-yur, -yuhze, sm/. 
bungler, botcher, dabbler ; one who raises 
a mud wall. 

Boussole, boo -sol, sf. mariner's compass; 
guide, leader ; model ; rule. 

Bout, boo, sm. end, tip, bit, button, ferrule, 
chape, nipple, heel-piece, .butt. Un bout 
de plume, a stump of a pen. Mettre a bout, 
to put to a nonplus. 

Bout d'aile, boo-dtlle, sm. pinion, quill of 
the wing. 

Bout de manche, bood-mangshe, sin. cuff, 
bracelet, false sleeve. 
76 



to con- 
make a 



Bout d'homme, boo-dom, sm. short man, 

shrimp, dwarf. 
Bout (haut), hoe-boo, sm. upper end of the 

table or room, best place ; upper hand. 
Bout (bas), bah-boo, sm. lower end of the 

table or room, worst place. 
Bouts rimes, booe-re-maw, smp. rhymes; 

poesy, poetry, verses unfinished. 
Bout d;:s dents (hire du), reer-deu-boo-df-y- 

dunghe, v. 4 irr. to laugh against one's 

will (vide obs. 4). 
Bout (mettue la patience a), m'etr-lah- 

pah-syangse ah-boo, v. 4 irr. to put in a 

passion. 
Bout de (venir a.), vvh-neer -ah-boo, v. 2 irr. 

to succeed in an enterprise, overcome. 
Bout de champ (a tout), ah-too-bood-shang , 

ad. cxp. every moment, on every occasion, 

incessantly. 
Bout a l'autre (d'US), dungJi - boot - ah - 

loetr, ad. exp. from the beginning to the end. 
Bout du compte (au), o-hoo-deu-congte, ad. 

exp. after all, upon the whole, happen 

what may. 
Boutade, boo-tad, sf. flight of genius ; fit of 

ill humor, whim, freak, fancy; sally of 

the soul. 
Boutargue, bootarg, sf. eggs of salt fish 

pickled in vinegar, caviare, sturgeon's 

eggs pickled. 
Bout en train, boot-ang-traing, sm. decoy- 
bird ; boon companion ; overseer. 
Boute-feu, boot-fuhe, sm. incendiary ; fac- 

tionary ; firebrand, promoter of quarrels. 
Bouteille, boo-Ui-yuh, sf. bottle ; wine ; 

liquor, <tc. 
Bouter, boo -tui, ra. \r. to put, arrange; 

pare off; dart, strike, drive. 
Bouterolle, boot-rol, sf. chape, tip ; lapi- 
dary's tool, puncheon ; hole of a key. 
Boute TOUT cuire, boot-too-keu-eer, sm. pro- 
digal, lavisher, squanderer, spendthrift, 

waster. 
Boutique, boo-teek. sf. shop, stall ; pedler's 

box ; chest of tools ; wares ; bad place. 
Boutiquier, -e, bootekyai, -re, smf. shop- 
keeper, retailer. 
Boutoir, boo-too-ar, sm. snout of a wild boar; 

satirical stroke, severe speech ; farrier's 

tool. 
Bouton, boo-tong, sm. button ; bud, germ ; 

pustule, pimple ; sight of fire-arms. 
Bouton (serrer le), say-rai-luh-boo-tong, 

v. 1 r. to be urgent, press, threaten, be 

hard upon. 
Boutonne, -E, boo-to-nai, -e, adj. close, 

secret, dark, mysterious, artful, circum- 
spect, cautious. 
Boutonner, boo-to-nai, va. 1 r. to button, 

fasten with buttons ; bud, shoot, sprout ; 

be in the bloom ; break out. 
Se boutonner, suh- boo-to-nai, vref. to 

button one's self. 
Boutonnerie, boo-ton-ree, sf. button manu- 
factory ; button-maker's trade, sale of but- 
tons. 
Boutonnier, boo-tonyai, sm. button maker 

or seller. 
Boutonniere, boo-to-nyare, sf. button-hole ; 

incision. 
Bout saigneux, boo-sai-ing-ynhe, sm. neck 

of veal or mutton, scrag. 
Bouture. l.oo-teure, sf. slip, twig-,, sprout, 

graft, sucker, young shoot (vide obs. 4). 



BEA 



BRA 



BoiTPARD, boa-car, sm. coiner's hammer. 
BODVERIE, booo-ree, sf. stable for oxen, cow- 

hoTise, cattle-market. 
Boovet, boo-vei, sm. plane, carpenter's 

tool. 
BouVIER, boo-vyai, sm. cow-herd, cow- 

kecper ; peasant, clown, boor, rustic ; tau- 

I'US. 

BOUVILLOH, boo-ve-yo/iy, sm. young ox, bul- 
lock. 

Boovretjil, boo-vruh-yuki sm. bullfinch. 

Boxer, bok-sai, va. 1 r. to box, fight with 
the list. 

BoXEUR, boksur, sm. boxer, man who fights 
with his lists. 

Boyau, -x, p. boonh-yo, -e, p. sm. gut ; nar- 
row house, apartment. 

Boyau I>E TRANCHES, 1/ooah-yo-duli-trang- 
ehaie, sm. branch of a trench. 

Boyau (coriie a), kord-ah-booah-yo, sf. cat- 
gut, fiddle-stiing, string for musical in- 
struments. 

Boyaux (descente de), dai - sangle - dvh - 
booah-yoe, sf. rupture, preternatural erup- 
tion of the gut. 

Boyaudikr, booah-yo-dyai, urn. maker or 
seller of musical strings made of guts. 

Bracelet, brah-slay, am. bracelet, ornament 
worn above the wrist, ingot of gold. 

BRACHET, brah-shay, sm. setter, setter dog 
pointer. 

BraChiale, brah-kyal, adj. brachial, be- 
longing to the arm. 

BraCHYGRAPHE, brah -It ' - graf, sm. short- 
hand writer, stenographer. 

Bracmane, brak-man, sm. ancient philoso- 
pher, Indian priest. 

BraCONNER. brah-ro-nai, vn. \r. to poach, 
destroy, kill, steal, carry off game pri- 
vately. 

Braconnier, brali - co - nyai, s?n. poacher, 
game stealer, destroyer ; one who kills 
game upon his own iands for the sake of 
pleasure. 

B rague. bray, sf. covering of the sides of a 
lute ; plu. trowsers ; love intrigues ; merry 
life ; burlesque style. 

BragDER, brah-gai, in. to lead a joyous life, 
be dissipated ; boast, brag, play the brag- 
gart. 

Brahhahs or Brake, brah-man, brahme, 
sm. Indian priest or philosopher. 

Brai, brai, sm. tar ; springe to catch birds ; 
ground barley to make beer. 

Braies, braie, sfp. hose, trowsers, clouts; 
rags, slops. 

Braies nettes (sortie d'cxe affaire), v. 
2 irr. to come off clear, with flying colors. 

Braillard, -e, brah-yar, -de, swr\ and adj. 
brawler, wrangler, noisy talkative person. 

Braillemext, brah- yuh - many, sm. howl, 
howling of a dog or of other animals. 

Brailleb, brah-gai, vn. 1 r. to bawl, hoot, 
be noisy, obstreperous ; brawl, wrangle. 

Brailleur, -se, bmliyur, -yuhze, smf. and 
adj. 'o ,lf i talker ; brawler, scold ; noisy, 
obstreperous. 

Braiment, brai-mang, sm. braying of an 
a-s, discordant singing. 

Braike, braire, in. 4 irr. to bray, make an 
offensive noise ; speak, sing, shout, com- 
plain in a vociferous manner. 

Braise, braize, sf. burning cinders, red-hot 
coals ; coke, live or dead cinders. 



Beaisier, brai-zyai, Sm. trough to hold dead 

cinders. 
Brait (il), eel-brey, ,°> pars. sing. pres. ind. of 

braire, he or it brays. 
BraiziERE. brai-zyayre, sf. stew-pan, extin- 
guisher lor coals. 
Brameu, brah-mai, mi. 1 r. to rut, cry, or 

call, as a deer; long for, desire to come 

together. 
Bran, brang, sm. excrement, ordure, evacu- 
ation. 
Brah de Judas, brang-dvih-hjeu-dah, sm. 

freckles, small discoloration raised in the 

skin by the sun (vide obs. 4). 
Bran de son. branyd-sony, sm. coarsest part 

of bran. 
Brancard, brang-kar, sm. litter, portable 

bed, hand-barrow, chairman's horse, shaft 

of a chaise. 
Beanchage, brang-shahje, sm. branchiness, 

branches, boughs. 
Branche, brangsli, sf. branch, bough ; line, 

family ; antler, shaft. 
Brancher, brang-shai, ra. 1 r. to hang upon 

a tree a highwayman, freebooter, Ac. 
Brancher, brang - thai, vn. 1 r. to perch, 

roost, sit or roost in a bough. 
Branche-ursine, brang fih-eur -seen, sf. acan- 
thus, bears-foot (vide obs. 4). 
Bkanchu, -E, hrang-sheu, -e, adj. branchy, 

full of branches, spreading, ramous (vide 

obs. 4). 
Brande, brangd, sf. heath, furze, gorse, 

wild shrub ; poor land. 
Brandebourg, brarig-dnh-boor, sm. surtout. 

riding-coat ; ornamental lace in the form of 

a button-hole. 
Branderie, brangdree, sf. distillery, place 

where spirits are extracted from grains and 

purified. 
Bkandevix, brangd - vaing, sm. brand}-, 

strong liquor distilled from wine or grains. 
Brandeyinier, -e, brangd-ve-nyai, -re, smf. 

distiller ; spirit-dealer ; suttler, camp pur- 
veyor. 
Brandi, -e, brang-de, -e, adj. unexpected, 

sudden, not provided against. 
Brandi (enlevek un hom.me tout), to carry 

off a man unprovided against. 
Brandillement, brany - de - yuh - many, sm. 

swinging motion, waving to and fro. 
Brandiller, brang-de-yai, va. 1 r. to wave 

to and fro, swing, shake about ; seesaw. 
Se brandiller, suli-brang-de-yai, vref. \r. 

to swing, shake one's self about ; fly back- 
ward and forward on a rope. 
Brandilloire, brang-de-yoo-ar, sf. swing, 

seesaw. 
Brandir, brang -deer, va. 2 r. to brandish, 

shake, toss, wave, play with, flourish ; stay, 

strengthen. 
Brandon, brang-dong, sm. brand, firebrand, 

lighted wisp of straw, lighted stick. 
Brandonner, brang-do-nai, ra. 1 r. to set 

up burning beacons in a field or at the door 

of a seized property. 
Branlant, -e, brany-lang, -t, adj. shaking, 

tottering, loose not fast. 
Branle, brangl, sm. alternative motion, agi- 
tation ; uncertainty, irresolution ; impulse, 

start, circular dance ; hammock. 
Branle de sortie (faire danser ux),/aire- 

dang-sai-ung-brangl-duh-sor-tee, v. 4 irr, te 

turn out of doors. ' 

77 



BRA 



EKE 



BRANLE A l"XE AFFAIRE (DONNE R LE), do- 

nai-lii/i-brangl-ah-unn-ah-faire, v. 1 r. to 

set an affair a-going. 

Branle (mener le), muh-nai luh-brangl, v. 
1 r. to lead the dance ; to be the fiddle of a 
company. 

Branle gai (fou or foli.e comme le), foo 
or fol-come-iuh-brangl-gay, prov. exp. as 
merry as a grig. 

Branle-gai, brunglgai, sm. brisk and lively 
dauce. 

Branlement, brangl-mang, sm. shaking 1 , tot- 
tering motion, agitation ; jogging, pushing. 

Branler, brang - lai, va. 1 r. to move, agi- 
tate, shake, stir, jog, drive to and fro. 

Branler, brang-lai, vn. 1 r. to totter, trem- 
ble, waver ; be unsteady ; unsettled, afraid. 

Branler au manche, brangdai-o-mangsh, 
v. 1 r. to waver, be irresolute, totter, de- 
cline, lose popularity. 

Branler devant qcelqu'un (n'oser), n'o- 
zai-brang-lai-duh-vang-kayl leung, vn. 1 r. 
to be in continual awe of one. 

Branloire, brang -loo-ar, sf. seesaw, swing, 
swinging rope (vide obs. 6). 

Buaque, brak, sin. brach, setting dog, setter, 
blunderer ; giddy person. 

Bkaquemart, bra.k-m.ar, sm. short broad- 
sword, cutlass, sabre, scimitar, falchion. 

Braquement, brak-mang, sm. levelling, 
pointing of a cannon or gun. 

Braquer, brah-hai, va. \r. to point, level, 
direct a cannon, gun, telescope, «£c. ; push 
on one side. 

Braques, brah, sfp. claws of a lobster, craw- 
fish, or crab. 

Bras, brah, sm. arm ; person ; might ; power ; 
strength, courage, valor; large bough; 
claw; inlet; canal, strait. Vivre de ses 
bras, to live by one's labor. Demeurer les 
bras croises, to stand with one's arms 
across. 

Braser, brhh-zai, va. 1 r. to solder, braze, 
unite metals ; work. 

Brasier, hi oh zj/ai, sm. red-hot fire ; burning 
coals or wood ; furnace ; pan full of burn- 
ing fuel. 

Brasiller, brdh-ze-yai, va. \r. to broil, cook 
hastily on the coals ; reflect light, sparkle. 

Brassage, braJi-sahje, sm. coinage, mintage ; 
fees of coinage. 

Brassaf.d, briali-sar, sm. armlet, armor for 
the arm ; leather cuff, bracer. 

BraSSE, brass, sf. fathom, measure of six 
feet. 

Brassee, brah-saie, sf. armful. 

Brasser, brah-sai, va. 1 r. to stir, agitate, 
shake, brew, mix ; devise, contrive, plot ; 
mud, make turbid. 

Brasserie, brass-ree, sf. brewhouse, place 
where drink is made. 

Brasseur, -sf, brah-sur, -suJize, smf. brewer, 
brewer's wife or female brewer. 

Brassieres, brah-syayre, sfp. cinctures, 
bandages to keep the body firm and up- 
right. 

Brassin, brah-saing, sm. vat, copper, large 
boiler ; brewing. 

Brasure, brah-zeur, sf. soldering, joining of 
two metals (vide obs. 4). 

Bray ache, brah - vash, sm. braggadocio, 
braggart, puffing, boasting fellow, bravado. 

Bravade, brah - oad, sf. bravado, threat, 
challenge, bluster, disguised cowardice. 
7S 



Brave, brav, smf. s.ndadj. brave, courageous, 
noble, great, valiant ; spruce, polite, civil. 

Brave, brav, sm. bravo, hector, bully, swag- 
gerer, blusterer, turbulent noisy fellow. 

Bravement, brav-mang, ad. bravely, in a 
courageous manner, gallantly, cleverly, 
very well. 

Braver, brah-vai, vn. 1 r. to brave, face, 
encounter,defy, affront, insult; hector,bully. 

Bravoure, brah-voore, sf. bravery, courage, 
magnanimity, bravura, difficult piece of 
music. 

Bravoures, brah-voore, sfp. great deeds of 
valor, high feats, noble exploits, achieve- 
ments. 

Brayer, brai-yai, sm. truss, bandage; leather 
thong of the clapper of a bell, leather 
pocket. 

Brayer, brai-yai, va. 1 r. to tar, smear 
over with pitch. 

Brayettf, brai-yet, sf. flap ; slit, aperture. 

Brebis, brnh-bte, sf. sheep, ewe; foolish 
silly person. 

Breche, brtdsh, sf. breach ; notch, gap, hole, 
deficiency, infraction, injury, wrong, dam- 
age. 

Breche-dent, breish-dang, adj. wanting 
fore-teeth or a fore-tooth. 

Brechet, bruh-shay, sm. brisket, part of the 
breast. 

Bredi-breda, bruh-debndt-dah, ad. helter- 
skelter, in a hurry, with precipitation, 
without order. 

Bredouille, brvh-dao-yuh, sf. double game ; 
two points at backgammon. 

Bredocillement, bruh-doo-yuh-rnang, sm. 
stutter, stammer, gabble, confusion, non- 
sense. 

Bredouiller, bruh-doo-yai, vn. 1 r. to stut- 
ter, stammer, hesitate, gabble, talk non- 
sense. 

BreDOUILLEUR, -SE, bridi-doo-yur, -ynhze, 
smf. stutterer, stammerer, gabbler, foolish 
chattering person. 

Bref, bref, sm. brief, church calendar, pray- 
er-book ; permit. 

Bref, -ve, bref, brer, adj. brief, short, con- 
cise ; succinct, laconic. 

Bref, href. ad. in short, shortly, briefly, 
concisely, in a few words. 

Brehaigxe, brai-ai-ing-yvh, adj.f (applied 
to female animals), barren, sterile, not pro- 
lific. 

Brelan, bruh-lang, sm. brelan, game at 
cards ; gaming-house. 

Brelander, bruh-lang -dai, vn. 1 r. to game 
continually, be forever in a gaming-house. 

Brelandier, -ere, bruh-lang-dyai, -re, smf. 
gamester, gambler, cheat. 

Brelic-breloque, bruh-leek-bruh-loaJi, ad. 
higgledy-piggledy, confusedly, heedlessly, 
without thinking. 

Brelle, brel, sf raft, float of timber. 

Breloque, bruh-loalc, sf. trinket, bauble, 
gewgaw, trifling piece of finery, toy ; ped- 
ler's box. 

Breluche, bruh ■ leush, sf. drugget, coarse 
kind of thread and woollen cloth. 

Bremf, breitne, sf bream, fresh-water fi sh. 

Brequin, bruh - /cuing, sm. wimble, borer, 
gimlet. 

Bkesil, brai-zeel, sm. Brazil-wood, Brazil. 

Bresiller, brai-ze-yai, va. 1 r. to break into 
bits, cut small ; dye with Brazil-wood. 



BR I 



BRI 



Bresillet, brai-ze-yai, sm. inferior Brazil- 
wood. 

Bbetagnb (nkveu a la mode de), cousin 
once removed; 

Bretailler, bruh-tak-yai, m. 1 r. to fight 
for a trifle, fence, tilt ; bully. 

Bretailleur, brxih-tah yur,sm. tilter, bully, 
lover of sword-fighting. 

Bretavder, bruh-toe-dai, vn. 1 r. to crop the 
hair too short, the ears of a horse, .'ce. 

BRETELLE, bruh-tell, sf. strap, leather thong ; 
braces. 

BretelleS (en avoir jcsqu'aux), involved 
in a bad affair. 

Brette, b'ret, sf. sword, long sword; ludi- 
crous style ; Indian morel. 

Brette, -e, bray - tai, -e, adj. indented, 
notched, toothed, jaggy, denticulated. 

Brette R, bray-tai, en. 1 r. to seek quarrels 
for the sake of lighting, tilt, light with a 
sword. 

Bretter, tray-tai, va. 1 r. to scrape, carve 
with a sharp tool, produce a rough surface. 

BRETTE0R,&ray-<«r, sm. tilter, fencer, swords- 
man ; bully, hector, lover of sword-fighting. 

Brette re, bray-teure, sf. denticulation, jagg, 
indent, notch ; sharp points of a tool (vide 
obs. 4). 

Bkeoil, bruJt-yuh, sm. coppice, copse, un- 
derwood. 

Breuvage, brvh-vdhje, sm. drink, beverage, 
potion, draught ; drench, poisoned liquor. 

Breve, brea, sf. quick time ; short syllable ; 
produce of one melting. 

Brevet, brUh-vay, sm. commission, grant, 
warrant ; expedition, letters-patent, inden- 
ture, bill of lading. 

Breveter, breyv-tai, va. 1 ;•. to grant a com- 
mission, letters-patent, give a warrant. 

Brevtaire, brai-vyaire, sm. breviary, daily 
prayer-book of the Roman Catholic church. 

Beevite, brai-ve-tai, sf. indistinct or gut- 
tural sound of a vowel. 

Bribe, breeb, sf. lump of bread, &c.\ scrap ; 
inju licious and misapplied quotations. 

Bricole, bre-col, sf. strap across the chest of 
a horse ; rebound (of a ball at billiards), 
back-stroke. 

Bricoi.ES, bre-col, sjp. chairman or porter's 
leather straps. 

Bricole (de or par), duJi or par -lire- col, ad. 
e.vp. indirectly, in a round-about way. 

Bricole a (do.nxku une), do-uai unn-bre- 
col-ah, v. 1 r. to impose upon. 

Bricole (jouer de), lijoo-ai-duh-bre-col, v. 
1 r. to use indirect means, act deceitfully. 

Bricoler, bre-co-lai, va. 1 r. to twirl in one's 
mouth scalding hot victuals ; prepare, set to. 

Bricoler, bre-co-lai, vn. 1 /•. to drive side- 
long ; shuffle, evade, play mean tricks, act 
in a round-about manner. 

Bricolier, bre-cO'lyai, ttm. off-horse, horse 
either in front or by the side of the shaft 
horse. 

Bride, breed, sf. bridle, reins ; stay, loop ; 
restraint, curb, check. La main de la 
bride, left hand. .1 loute bride, full speed. 

Bride abattie (aller a), ah-lai-ah-breed- 
ah-bah-teu, v. 1 irr. to go full speed, lose no 
time, pursue briskly (vide obs. -1). 

Bride en main dans une affaire (aller), 
arlai-breed-ang-maing dangh- zunn-affaire, 
v. 1 irr. to act prudently in an affair. 

Brider, bre-dai, va. 1 r. to bridle, curb, re- 



strain, govern, keep* in awe, subject, con- 
line, bind. 
Bridon, bre-dong, sm. snaffle, lighl bridle. 

Brie, bree, sf. rolling-pin, round piece of 
wood to mould paste. 

Brief, -ve, bre-ef, -tee, adj. brief, short, con- 
cise ; narrow, contracted. 

Brier, bre ai, va. 1 r. to roll paste. 

Brievement, bre-ec-many, ail. briefly, con- 
cisely, quickly, in a few words, in short. 

Brievete, bre-ev-tai, sf. brevity, concise- 
ness, shortness, fewness of words. 

Brigade, bre-ghad, sf brigade, division of 
forces, troop, band, party. 

Brigadier, ate - ghah - dyai, sm. brigadier, 
commander of a brigade. 

Brigand, bre-ghang, sm. highwayman, ex- 
tortioner, exacter ; itndiseiplined s< Idler. 

Brigandage, bre-gharig-dahje, sin. highway 
robbery ; exaction, extortion ; plunder,, 
rapine, pillage, depredation ; disorder • bad 
administration. 

Brigandeau, -x, p. bre-yhana-do, -e, p. sm, 
young thief, robber, depredator. 

Brigander, bre-ghang-dai, vn. 1 r. to rob, 
thieve, plunder on the highway ; extort, 
exact. 

Beigan'tin", bre-yliang-tainy, sm. brigantine, 
small vessel ; portable bed. 

Brignole, Irring-yol, sf. plum from Brignole 
in Provence. 

Bkigue, breeg, sf earnest solicitation, cabal, 
faction, party, active canvassing. 

Briguek, bre-gai, va. 1 r. tosolicit, sue, make 
interest for, try to obtain, wish earnestly 
for. 

Brillamment, bre-yali-many, ad. in a bril- 
liant manner, splendidly, with lustre. 

Brillant, bre-yang, sm. brilliant, diamond 
of the first cut; lustre, splendor, brilliancy. 

Brillant, -e, bre-yang, -t, adj. brilliant, 
shining, sparkling, bright, splendid, witty ; 
glorious. 

Brillanter, bre-yany-tai, va: 1 r. to cut a 
diamond into angles ; shine with an artifi- 
cial lustre. 

Briller, bre-yni, vn. 1 r. to shine, sparkle, 
glitter ; be eminent, conspicuous ; splendid. 

Brilloter, bre-yo-tai, vn. 1 r. to shine in a 
less sphere, emit faint rays. 

Beimbale, brainy bid, sf. handle of a pump, 
brake, kneading trough. 

BRIMBALER, brainy-bah-lai, vn. Ir. to swing, 
set a going backward and forward, ring 
bells badly. 

Bri.meorion*, brainy -bo - ryony, sm. bauble, 
gewgaw, trifle, trinket, trifling finery. 

Brin, brainy, sm. bit, slip ; spring, stem, 
shoot ; little morsel, mouthful ; figure, size. 
Bow de brin, round wood. 

Brin a brin, braina-nah-brainy, ad. exp. bit 
by bit, little by little, slip by slip, succes- 
sively. 

Beinde, brainyd, sf. toast, health, wish of 
happiness in drinking, draught. 

Beinde (porter une), por-tai-unn-braingd, 
r. 1 r. to drink a person's health, invite to 
drink, pledge one. 

Beingue (GRANDE), grangd-braing-gnh, sf. 
tall gaunt ill-made woman ; ill-shaped 
horse. 

BRINGUES (en), any-brainy-yuh, ad. rxp. in 
pieces, at sixes and sevens, helter-skelter, 
without order. 



BEO 



BKO 



Brioche, bre-yosh, sf bunn, cake, sweet 

bit-ad ; blunder, awkwardness. 
Briox, bre-yong, sm. moss, substance grow- 

i:iyr upon the bark of trees. 
Brique, breek, sf. brick, mass of burnt clay ; 

loaf shaped like a brick, solid lump. 
Briquet, bre-lcay, sm. steel (to strike a light); 

short sword. 
Briquet (battbe le), battr-luh-bre-kay, v. -i 

irr. to strike a light. 
Briquetage. breek ~ taJtje, sm. brickwork, 

bricks, imitation of bricks. 
Briuueter, breelc - tai, ru. 1 r. 1o imitate 

brickwork ; paint in imitation of bricks. 
Briquetier, breehtyai, sm. brick maker or 

seller, bricklayer. 
Briqueteiue, bree.k-tree, sf. brickkiln, brick- 
field, brick making. 
Bkis, bree, sm. breaking open of a seal or 

door; escape, evasion; wreck, shipwreck. 
BriSABLE, bre-zal>l, adj. brittle, fragile, that 

may be easily broken. 
Bbisants, bre-zanghe, smp. shelves, break- 
ers, rocks even with the surface, broken 

waves. 
Brisk, breeze, sf breeze, gentle gale, cooling 

air, west-wind. 
Brise-COU, breeze-koo, sm. dangerous place, 

breakneck, narrow and steep staircase ; 

horse-breaker. 
Brisees, brezaie, sfp. tracks, steps, examjd ;, 

limits; consequence; rivalry, competition, 

contest. 
Brisees de (marcher sur les), mar-sliai- 

seur-ley-bre-zaie-duh, v. 1 r. to follow the 

example of. 
Brise-glace, breeze-glass, sm. buttresses of a 

bridge, stakes to stop the ice. 
Brisemext, breeze-niang, sm. fracture, break; 

deep contrition ; breaking, dashing of the 

waves. 
Briser, bree-zai, va. 1 r. to break, split ; 

crush, bruise ; weaken, rend, destroy, dis- 
solve. 
Briser, bree-zai, vn. 1 r. to leave off, desist 

suddenly, put art end to one's discourse. 
Se briser, suh-bree-zai, vref. 1 r. to break, 

split, separate from, fold up, lengthen, con- 
tract. 
Brise-vext. breeze-vang, sm. shelter, shed, 

mat put before young plants to secure them 

from the weather. 
Briseur, bree-zur, sm. breaker, bruiser. 
BrisoiR) bree-zoo-ar, sm. brake, instrument 

for dressing hemp, flax, straw, &c. (vide 

obs. 6). 
Brisque, breesk, sf. brisque (game at cards), 

ten and ace 
Brisuue, bree - zeure, sf. fracture, broken 

piece. 
Brizomaxcie, bre.-zo-inang-see, sf. divina- 
tion, foretelling by dreams. 
Broc, bro, sm. iug, pitcher, large vessel to 

hold liquor. 
Brocaxtage, bro-hang-tahje, sm. Droker-s 

business ; dealing in second-hand goods. 
Brocaxter, bro-kang-tai, vn. n. 1 r. to buy, 

sell, exchange, barter, keep a stall in 'a 

fair, deal in pictures, curiosities, ,tc. 
Brocaxteur, -se, bro-kang-tur, -tultze, smf. 

broker, dealer in old household good?, pic- 
tures, curiosities, «fcc. 
BroCard, bro-kar, sm. raillery, lampoon, 

fling, severe remark, slight satire ; brocket. 
80 



Brocaeder, bro-lcar-dai, va. 1 r. to rail at, 
scoff, sneer ; sting, bite, lampoon, cast sa- 
tirical jests. 

Brocardeur, -Se, bro-kar-dur, -dithze, smf. 

lampooner, satirist, scribbler, scoffer, saucy 
scorner. 

Brocart, bro-kar, sm. brocade, silken stuff 
variegated. 

Brocatelle, bro-kaJi-tell, sf. imitation of 
brocade (stuff), variegated marble. 

Broche, b/oi-h, sf. spit, broach ; knitting- 
needle; faucet,stick;rod.puncher,stem;tusk. 

Brociiee, bro-xhaie, sf. roasting, roast meat ; 
rod of candles. 

Brocher, bro-shai, va. 1 r. to broach ; broid- 
er ; knit ; stitch ; sketch ; write, compose 
in a hurry ; pile up tiles, slates, Are. Brn- 
cher un clou, to strike a nail into a horse's 
foot. 

Brochet, bro-shai, Km. pike, fresh-water fish 
of prey. 

Brocheton, brosh-tong, sm. youns: pike. 

Brochette, bro-shef, sf. skewer, small stick 
to feed young birds. 

Brocheur, -se, bro - ahur, -ze, smf. book- 
stitcher, knitter, weaver. 

Brochoir, bro-shoo-ar, sm. farrier's shoeing 
hammer. 

Brochure, bro-sheure, sf pamphlet, small 
book, book unbound, book-stitching (vide 
obs. 4). 

Brocoli, brn-co-le, sm. broccoli, cabbage, 
sort of cauliflower. 

Brodequix. brod-kaing, sm. buskin, half- 
boot lacing in front, high shoe worn by 
tragedians. 

Brodequixs, brod - kainghe, amp. screw- 
boards in which the legs were compressed 
with wedges. 

Broder, bro - dai, va. 1 r. to embroider, 
broider ; embellish, beautify, amplify, ex- 
aggerate. Vous brodez comme il fauC, you 
flourish. 

Broderie, brod-ret>, sf. embroidery, varie- 
gated needlework ; embellishment, exag- 
geration. 

Brodeur, -se, bro - dur, -duhze, smf em- 
broiderer, embellisher, romancer. 

Brodeur (autaxt pour l::j, o-tang-poor- 
luh-bro-di/r, pror. exp. so much for the 
embellishing of the story. 

Brodoir, bro-doo-ar, sm. bobbin, small pin 
of wood with a notch. 

Broii:, broo-ah, sf. brake, instrument for 
dressing hemp. 

Broiemext, broo-ah-manq, sm. pounding, 
grinding ; trituration, pulverization. 

BRONCHER, brong-sluii, vn. 1 r. to stumble, 
trip ; blunder, i'ail, err. fall into a fault. 

Broxchotomie, brortq-ko-1b-m.ee, sf. bron- 
chotomy, incision of the windpipe to pre- 
vent suffocation. 

Broxze, brongze, sm. bronze, brass ; medal ; 
cannon ; impudence ; cruelty. 

Broxzer, brong-zai, va. 1 /■. to paint in 
bronze color, model, take ca?ts. 

Broquart, bro-kar, sm. brocket, red-deer 
two years old. 

Broquette, brokelt. sf tack, very small nail. 

Brosse, broxs, sf. brush, pencil ; rude as- 
sault, shock. 

Brosser, bro-sai, vn. 1 ;•. to brush, rub with 
a brush, sweep with a brush, move with 
haste, fly over. 



BRU 



BRU 



BSOSSIER, brosyai, sm. brush maker or sel- 
ler, brasher. 

Bkou, broo, sm. the rind of a walnut or 
cocoa-nut. 

BROCAGE, broo-afije, sm. fog, thick mist, 
moist denBe vapor. 

BROOKE, broo-aie, sf small rain of little du- 
ration ; thin fog or mist. 

BROUET, broo-ay, sm. milk porridge, gruel, 
thin broth. 

Bkouette, broo-ett, sf. wheelbarrow, car- 
riage drawn by a man, mean coach drawn 
by a bad horse. 

BROOETTER, broo-ay-tai, va. 1 r. to drive a 
wheel-barrow, carry in a wheel-barrow. 

BROUETTECR, broo-ay-tur, sm. porter, chair- 
man that carries people in a wheel-barrow. 

Brouettier, broo-ay-tyai, sm. laborer em- 
ployed to carry mud, <£c, in a wheel-bar- 
row. 

Brouhaha, broo-ah-ah, sm. uproar, con- 
fused noise, clapping or hissing, hubbub. 

BEoriLi.A.\ii>'i, broo-yah-me-ne, Km. medley; 
obscure meaning or affair ; undeflned ob- 
ject, plaster for a horse. 

BfiOpiLLARD, broo-yar, sm. fog, thick mist ; 
unconnected discourse ; day-book, dimness 
of sight. 

BkouiIlard (papier), pah-pyui-broo-yar, 
sm. blotting-paper. 

Brouillement, broo-yuh.-m.ang, sm. mixture, 
confusion ; grinding and mixing of colors. 

BrouilleR, broo-yai, va. 1 r. to mix con- 
fusedly, shuflle, jumble; set at variance', 
perplex ; embroil, scribble over. 

Se r.sumiLLER, suli-Lroo-yai, vref to grow 
dark; overcast; confuse; perplex one's 
self; quarrel, fall out, be out. 

Brouillerie, broo-yuh-ree, nf. misunder- 
standing, quarrel, broil, dissension, differ- 
ence, dispute. 

Brouillon, broo-yong, sm. sketch, rough 
draught, day -book, foul copy ; fomenter 
of quarrels ; giddy, hare-brained person. 

Brouillonxer, broo-yo-nai, va. \r. to scrib- 
ble, scrawl, write unskilfully, inelegantly, 
in a hurry. 

Brouir, broo-eer, va. 2 r. to scorch, burn, 
dry up ; be blasted, blighted, nipped, dried 
up, 

BROUISSORE, broo-e-sewre, sf. blight, blast, 
mildew ; disappointment, baik, frustra- 
tion (vide obs. 4). 

Broussailles, broo - xah - yah, sfp. briers, 
brambles, thorns, bushes, furze, fern, broken 
branches. 

Broussin, broo-saing, sm. heap of tumbled 
branches ; excrescence on the maple-tree. 

BliOCT, broo, sm. young sprig, shoot; brow- 
sing of trees or grass, green rind of the 
shell of walnuts, cocoa-nuts, &c. 

Brouter, broo-tai, va. 1 r. to browse, nibble 
grass, eat branches of trees or shrubs. 

Brouttlles, broo-tee-yuh, *fp. waste branch- 
es ; small wood in a fagot ; trifles, toys, 
gewgaws. 

Brover, broo-ah-yiii, ra.l r. to pound, grind, 
pulverize, braise ; brood, give one's self to 
dismal thoughts. 

Bboteor, h.oo-iih-yur, sm. grinder; hemp 
or flax dresser. 

Broyo>", broo-ah-yon, sm. pestle, brayer ; 
snare. 

BRU, breu, sf. daughter-in-law, son's wife. 



Mutant, breu-ang, sm. yellow-hammer (a 

bird). 

BroEE, breu • axe, sf. evaporation of the 
Stream of hot bread, »tc. (vide obs. i). 

BRUGNON, breu-ing-yong, sm. nectarine, a 
kind of peach and plum with a smooth 
skin (vide obs. 4). 

Bruin E, breu-een, sf. drizzling rain, thick 
mist, cold slow rain (vide obs. 4). 

Brother, breu-e-nai, v. monop. to drizzle ; 
fall in cold slow drops (vide obs. 4). 

Bruire, breu-eer, vn. 4irr. (used only in the 
infinitive 3 persons of the imperf. of indie. 
pros, part.) to roar, rattle, peal. 

Brotssement, breu-eess-mang, sm. roar, peal, 
rumbling noise, deep murmur. 

Bruit, breu-c, sm. noise, uproar ; report, 
rumor; fame, reputation, celebrity; con- 
tention, quarrel. Avoir bruit ensemble, to 
fall out. Le bruit court, it is said. 

Bruit (kaire du), faire-deu-breu-e, v. 4 irr. 
to make a noise, be angry, discontented ; 
famous, renowned (vide obs. 4). 

Bruit (avoir du), ah-ioo-ar-deu-breu-ei v. 
aux. to quarrel, squabble, differ, fight, find 
fault with. 

Bruit (a. petit), aJt-ptee-breu-e, ad. ei-p. 
secretly, without pomp, at a small expense. 

Bruit (a brand), ak-grang-breu-e t ad. exp. 
with great clamor, pompously, with osten- 
tation. 

Bkulaxt, -e, breue-Jang,~t, adj. hurning,hot ; 
lively, animated, full of fire, ardently long- 
ing after. 

Brule, breue-lai, sm. burnt taste or smell, 
something burnt. Je. sens le brule, I smell 
something burnt. 

Brule, -e, breue-lai, -e, adj. burnt, too 
much done, overdone ; fanatic, enthusias- 
tic. Cerveau bride, fanatic. 

Brule.me.nt, breule-mang, sm. burning, com- 
bustion, conflagration, fire, great heat ; en- 
thusiasm (vide obs. 4). 

Bruler, breue-lai, va. 1 r. to burn; set fire 
to, consume ; parch, dry up, scorch, scald, 
overheat (vide obs. 4). 

Bruler, breue-lai, vn. 1 r. to burn, be on 
fire ; be inflamed with passion, &c. ; wish 
earnestly ; be in love (vide obs. 4). 

Se bruler, suh-lneue -lai, vref to burn 
one's self, run headlong into difficulties. 

Se eruler a la chandelle, suh-brcve-lai- 
ah - lali - shang - deli, vref. to be caught by- 
appearances, fall into danger, love, . c. 

BRULEUR DE MAISONS, Ireue-lur-diib-viay- 
zonghe, sm. ill-looking man, man in rags 
and tatters. 

Brulot, breue-loh, sm. fire-ship; broiled 
meat much salted and peppered ; burnisher ; 
firebrand, incendiary (vide obs. 4). 

Brulure, breu-leure, sf. burn, scald, scar 
caused by a burn (vide obs. 4). 

Brumal, -e, breu-mal, adj. brumal, winterly, 
belonging to the winter. 

Brume," breum, sf. thick fog at sea or at the 
fall of rivers (vide obs. 4). 

Brumeux, -be, breu, - muhe, -ze, adj. foggy, 
misty, cloudy, dark (vide obs. 4). 

Bruit, brung, sm. brown color, dark hair, 
brown shade. 

Bruit, -e, brung, brunn, adj. brown, dusky, 
dark ; gloomy ; melancholy, dismal, sad. 

Bruit, -E, brung, brunn, emf. dark or brown 
man or woman. 

£1 



BUA 



BUE 



Bru.vatre, breu-nahtr, adj. brownish, of a 
light brown (vide obs. 4). 

Brune, bruJine, sf. brown or dark woman or 
girl ; dusk of the evening, dusk. 

Brunei, -te, breu-nay, -t, adj. brownish, of 
a light brown color. 

Brunei, breu-nay, sm. young man of a 
brownish complexion, with dark hair and 
eyes. 

Brunette, breu-nett, sf. brown girl with dark 
eyes and hair ; brown beauty ; love song. 

Brunir, breu-neer, va. 2 r. to burnish, pol- 
ish : vn. turn brown, be sunburnt. 

Brjjnissag!;, brcu-ne-sahje, sm. burnishing, 
polish, gloss given by attrition, lustre. 

Brunisseur, breit -ne-sur, sm. burnisher, 
polisher, glosser (vide obs. 4). 

Brunissoir, breu-ne-.ioo-ar, sm. burnishing 
tool, commonly a dog's tooth set in a stick, 
burnisher. 

Brunissure, breu-ne-senre, sf. polishing, 
polish, gloss given to stuffs, handles, <tc. 
(vide obs. 4). 

Brusque, bri isk, adj. abrupt, rough, blunt, 
uule, uncivil; over-hasty, sharp. 

BRUSQt/EMENT, breusk-mang, ad. abruptlj-, 
bluntly, rudely, roughly, in an uncivil man- 
ner. • 

Brusqcer, breus-kai, va. 1 r. to affront, of- 
fend, speak roughly, act vigorously and 
with haste. 

BUL"S<2UER UXE AFFAIRE. breus-lcai-unn-dh- 
faire, v. 1 r. to dispatch, terminate an af- 
fair quickly. 

Brusqctek use place de guerre, breus-7cai- 
unn-plass-duh-gayre, v. to take a fortified 
place at the first onset. 

BruSQUERIE, breusk-ree, sf. rudeness, blunt- 
ness, insult, offence, rough way of speaking. 

Brut, -e, breu, -t, adj. rough, uneven, un- 
polished; rude, uncivil, coarse, uneducated. 

Brut (diamakt), dyah-mang-breu, sm. rough 
diamond. 

Brute (b£te), beyte-breut, sf. brute beast, 
brutish man or woman (vide obs. 4). 

Bruts (coin's), kore-breu, smp. minerals, fos- 
sil bodies, substances dug out of mines. 

Brutal, -e, breu-tal, adj. brutal, wild, sav- 
age ; ferocious, cruel, inhuman ; brutish, 
churlish, unmannerly. 

Brutalemknt, breu-tal-mang, ad. brutishly, 
rougbjy, unmannerly, rudely, with bru- 
tality. 

Brutaliser, breu-tahde-zai ', va. 1 r. to af- 
front, offend, insult, treat with rudeness, 
incivility, use roughly (vide obs. 4). 

Brctalit'e, breu - tah - le - tai, sf. brutality, 
brutishness, churlishness, incivility, rude- 
ness, cruelty. 

Brute, brent, sf. brute, senseless animal, ig- 
norant person. 

Brutait, breu-e-yey, imperf. ind. of bruire, 
roared. 

Bruyant, -e, breu-e-yanq. -r, adj. noisj', roar- 
ing, thundering, clamorous, blustering. 

Bruyere, br< i e-yaire, sf. heath, furze, fern, 
Ehrubs growing on commons and heaths. 

Bu, beu, p. part, ot'boire, drunk. 

Buandebie, beu-angd-ree, sf. laundry, -wash- 
ing-house, place where clothes are washed. 

Bu indier, I" </ - ang - dyai, 
bleacher of new linen cloth. 

Buandiere, bt u ■ ati'i - dyaire, 
washerwoman (vide obs. 4). 
- 



sm. whitener, 
sf. laundress, 



Bube, beub, sf. blister, Tjimple, pustule, 

blotch, 
fiuuox, beu-bcmg, sm. tumor, swelling, bubo. 
Buccinateur, beuk-se nah-tur, sm. buccina- 
tor ; trumpeter. 
Bucefiiale, heu-sai-fal, sin. Bucephalus (the 

name of Alexander's horse), jade, sorry 

horse. 
Buche, beiish, sf. log, billet of wood ; stupid 

person, blockhead, dolt ; piece of timber, 

fishing-boat (vide obs. 4). 
Bucher, beu-shai, sm. wood-house, pile of 

wood, pyre ; funeral pile. 
Buciier, beu-sltai, ca. 1 r. to split wood into 

logs, fell timber, chop, cut into small 

pieces. 
Bucheron, beush -vong, sm. wood-cutter, 

cleaver or seller of wood, fagot-maker. 
Buchette, beu-shett, sf. small log of wood, 

broken branch or stick. 
Bucolique, beu-ko-leek, sf. bucolic, pastoral, 

pastoral poem : adj. rural, bucolic. 
BuCOLlQUES, beu-ko-leek, sfp. scraps of 

trifling pieces ; goods and chattels, ironi- 
cally. 
Budget, bend-jay, sm. budget, active and 

passive state of the national finances. 
Buffet, beu-fay, sm. press, closet, buffet, 

sideboard, table, set of plate. 
Buffeter, beu-fuh-tai, ca. 1 r. to bore a 

hole in a butt, to drink the liquor, suck 

out of a peg -hole. 
Bufff.teur, beu-fuh-tur, sm. carrier who 

sucks liquor out of a peg-hole. 
Buffle, beujl, sm. buffle, buffalo ; buff-skin, 

buff-coat ; blockhead, dunce. 
Buftleti-N", beu-fluh-Jaing, sm. young buffalo, 

buff-coat ; stupid fellow. 
Bug-lose, beu-gloze, sf. buglos, ox-tongue (a 

plant). 
Buis, beu-ee, sm. box, box-tree ; polisher. 

Mutton de buis, a prominent chin. 
Buisserie, beu-eess-ree, sf. planks or staves 

to make barrels. 
BU.ISSON, beu-e-song, sm. bush, thicket, low 

shrub ; dwarf fruit-tree ; grove, low plan- 
tation. 
BuiSSONNEUX, -se, beu- e- so -nuh, -~. adj. 

bushy. 
Buissonxier, -e, beu-e-so-nyai, -re. adj. and 

smf. bushy, lull of shrubs ; truant,' idler, 

rambler. 
Buissonxiere (faire l'ecole), J aire- lai- 

kol-beu-e-so-ityaire, idi. v. 4 irr. to play 

the truant ; fail in one's engagement. 
Bulbe, beulb, nf. bulb, onion, scallion, round 

body ; thick head. 
BuLBEUX, -SE, beul-buhe, -ze, adj. bulbous, 

bulbaceous, containing bulbs. 
Bullaire, beu-layre, sm,. collection of bulls. 
Bulle, beid, sf. bull ; bubble, globule ; pim- 
ple, pustule. 
Bulletin, beul-iaing, sm. billet, certificate 

of health ; ballot ; written order from a 

magistrate (vide obs. 4). 
Buraiiste, beu-rah-leest, sm. receiver of du- 
ties, lottery -office keeper. 
Burat, beu-rah, sm. coarse woollen stuff, 

linsey-woolsey (vide obs. 4). 
Buratine, beu - rah - teen, sf. woollen stuff 

striped with silk, camlet. 
Bure, beur, sf. coarse woollen stuff, sort of 

camlet ; linsey-woolsey, deep well in the 

mines. 



BUZ 



CAB 



Bureau, bcu-rn, sm office; writing-table; 
Bcratoire; police-office, bench of magis- 
trates, committee, company, factory, count- 
ing-house, post-office. Bureau d'adresses, 
office of intelligences. Savoir Vair tlu 
bureau, to know how a cause is likely to 
be determined. 

BUREAU, beu-ro, sm. very coarse woollen 
stuff, linsey-woolsey (vide obs. 4). 

Burette, beu-reU, sf. cruet, small decanter, 
crystal bottle or phial for liquor. 

Bukin, beu-raing, sm. burin, graving tool, 
graver ; engraving ; historic pen, history. 

Buriner, beu-re-nai, va. 1 r. to engrave, 
grave ; imprint, impress deeply ; write his- 
tory. 

Burlesque, beur-lesk, sm. burlesque, lu- 
dicrous language or writing, ridiculous ac- 
tion or composition. 

Burlesque, beur-lesk, adj. burlesque, jocu- 
lar, ludicrous, tending to raise laughter. 

r>ri;u:sQUEME-\T, beur-lesk-mang, ad. in a 
burlesque manner, ludicrously, ridiculously. 

Bursal, -e, beur-sal, adj. pecuniary, of 
money ; consisting of, relative to money. 

Bus, beit, pret. def. of bolrc, drank. 

Busard, beu-zar, sm. buzzard, voracious 
hawk ; blockhead, dunce, stupid man. 

Buso, beusk, sm. busk, piece of steel, wood, 
or whalebone to strengthen the stays. 

Buse, beuz, sf. buzzard ; ninny, simpleton, 
blockhead, dunce (vide obs. 4). 

Busqcer, beuss-lcai, va. 1 r. to stiffen, prop, 
support, put a busk. 

Buste, beust, sm. bust, statue down to the 
breast ; deal chest full of raisins. 

But, beu, sm. butt, mark ; aim, intention, 
design, end ; laughing-stock, jest. 

But a but, beut-ah-beu, ad. exp. even, quits, 
even hands (vide obs. 4). 

De BUT E>" blanc, dub-beut-euig-blanij, ad. 
exp. directly, without any preamble. 

Buter, beu-tai, va. 1 r. to prop, support, but- 
tress, strengthen with buttresses. 

Buteh, beu-tai, nt. 1 r. to hit the mark, aim 
at, endeavor to reach or obtain ; guess. 

Se buter, euh-beu-tai, vref. to butt one an- 
other ; clash ; determinate, resolve, contra- 
dict, oppose. 

Buti.v, beu-taing, sm. booty, plunder, pillage, 
spoil : riches, profit, prize. 

Butiner, beu-tt-nai, va. 1 ;-. to plunder, pil- 
lage, spoil, carry off by rapine. 

Butou, beu-tor, sm. bittern, heron ; dunce, 
simpleton, foolish 6tupid person. 

Butte, beut, sf. hillock, mark, mound of 
earth ; point, aim, goal, butt. 

BuTT'-i a (f.TRE EN), eytr-ang-beusah, v. aux. 
to be exposed to (vide obs. 4). 

Butter, beu-tai, va. 1 r. to prop, support ; 
raise a mound of earth (vide obs. 4>. 

Buvable, beu-vabl, adj. drinkable, that may 

be drunk, potable (vide obs. 4). 
BuYETIBS, -e, beitv-tyai, -re, sin/, ale-house 

keeper, publican. 
Buvette, beu-vett, sf. ale-house, public house, 

tippling-house, eating-house, cook-shop. 
Buveur, -se, beu-mtr, -vuhse, sm/. and adj. 
tippler, toper, drunkard ; tipsy, drunk, in- 
ebriate. 1. 
Buvotter, beu-vo-tai, ra. 1 r. to sip, drink 

little and often, tipple the whole day. 
Buze, beuz, sf. nozzle of a pair of bellows ; 
tube, pipe. 



c, 



Qk, sah, int. come on ! quick ! now ! well and 
good ! 

Ca, sah, ad. here, in this place. Ca. et IA, 
xali-ai-hih, here and there, everywhere, up 
and down, hither and thither. 

£a, sah (abbr. for cela), pron. that. Qa ira, 
sah-e-rah, ad. exp. that will do, go on. 

Cabale, kah-bal, sf. cabal, secret science of 
the Hebrew rabbins ; junto of men, intrigue, 
conspiracy, faction, club; occult science. 

Cabaler, kah-bah-lai, en. 1 r. to cabal, plot, 
intrigue, form a conspiracy, schemes of 
mischief. 

Cabaleur, kah-iali-lur, sm. caballer, in- 
triguer, plotter, conspirator, promoter of 
factions. 

Cabaliste, kah-bali-leest, sm. cabalist, adept 
in the traditions of the Hebrews. 

Cabalistique, kah-bah-Ieess-teck, adj. cabal- 
istic, mysterious, secret, occult, dark. 

Caban, kali-bang, sm. sailor's thick woollen 
cloak, with a cape and hood. 

CABANE, kah-ban, sf. cottage, cabin, hut; 
small house ; flat-bottomed boat covered 
over. 

Cabaret, kah-bah-ray, sm. ale-house, public- 
house, tavern ; tea tray, board, or equipage. 

Cabaretier, -e, kah-bar-tyai, -re, sm/. ale- 
house or tavern keeper, publican. 

Cabas, kah-bah, sm. wicker-basket, frail car- 
riage, old and paltry carriage. 

Cadestan, kah-bess-tang, sm. capstan, cylin- 
drical machine to lift heavy bodies. 

Cabillaud, kah-be-yoe, sm. small cod ; chub, 
cheven. 

Cabinet, kah-be-nay, sm. cabinet, closet, pri- 
vate room, set of boxes or drawers for curi- 
osities, summer-house, study, privy. Un 
homme de cabinet, a studious man. 

Cabinet de verdure, kah-be-nayd-vair- 
deure, sm. bower, green arbor. 

Cable, ka/d.l, sm. cable, great rope fastened 
to the anchor ; cable's length, or 120 fath- 
oms. 

Caeleau, kalt-Mo, sm. small cable, thickish 
rope. 

GABLER, kdJt-blai, va. 1 r. to twist ropes to 
make a cable, to make ropes. 

Caboche, kali-bosh, sf. large-headed nail, old 
nail ; head, pate, noddle. 

CabociiON, kah-bo-shong, sm. small nail ; 
precious stone polished uncut ; noddle- 
headed person. 

Cabotage, kah-bo-tahje, sm. sailing along the 
coast, coasting, knowledge of a coast, of its 
shelves and currents. 

Caboter, kah-bo-tai, rn. 1 r. to coast, sail by 

the coast, be acquainted with a coast. 
Cabotier, kah-bo-tyai, sm. coaster ; coasling- 

ship, trader. 
Cabotin, -e, kah-ho-taing, -teen, sm/ itiner- 
ant, player, strolling player. 
Cabrer, khh-brai, va. n. 1 r. to provoke, ex- 
asperate ; rouse, excite; prance, irritate. 
Se cabrer, suhkah-brai, vref. to lise u]>on 
the hind feet ; be refractory ; fall into a 
passion. 
Cabrer un cheval (faire), faire-7.ah-brai- 
ung-shuh-val, v. 4 irr. to make a horse rear 
on his hind legs. 

S3 



CAD 



CAG 



Cabki or Cabril, kah-bree, sm. young kid. 
Cabriole, kuh-brc-yol, sf caper, leap, jump ; 

cabriole. Faire la cabriole, to be hanged. 
Caerioler, kah-bre-yo-lai, in. 1 r. to caper, 

leap, jump ; make caprioles, cut capers. 
Cabriolet, kah-breyo-lay , sm. low carriage, 

cabriolet, curricle. 
Cabrioleur, -se, kaJi-bre-yo-litr, -luhze, smf. 

caperer, dancer, cutter of capers. 
Cabron, kah-brong, sm. skin of a kid. 
Cabus (choux), shoe-7eah-beu, smp. common 

white-head hard cabbage, headed cabbage. 
Cacade, kali-kad, sf. imprudence, cowardice, 

fit of foolish anger, useless undertaking, 

disappointment. 
Cacade (faire une jiauyaise), faire-vnn- 

mo-veyze-Iidh.-'kad, v. 4 irr. to be sadly 

balked in an undertaking. 
Cacao, kah-kah-n, sm. cocoa, chocolate nut. 
Cacaoyer, kah-kah-o-yai, sm. cocoa-tree, 

species of palm-tree. 
Cacaoyere, kah-kali-o-yaire, sf. plantation 

of cocoa-trees. 
Cache, hash, sf. hiding-place, secret corner, 

lurking-place, concealed closet. 
Cache, -e, kah-shai, -e, adj. deceitful, re- 
served ; solitary, retired, living alone, 

gloomy. 
Caciiemire, Jcash-meer, sm. Cashmere, In- 
dian shawl or imitation. 
Cacher, kali-shai, va. 1 r. to hide, conceal, 

secrete, withhold from light or knowledge. 
Se cacher, suh-Jcah-shai, vref. to cover one's 

self, withdraw, abscond ; live retired. 
Cachet, kah-sliay, sm. seal, engraved stamp, 

signet, impression, mark ; style. 
Cacheter, Jcash-tai, va. 1 r. to seal, shut, 

close, mark with a stamp, confirm, attest by 

seal. 
Cacheter (pain a), paiiig-ah-kushtai, sm. 

wafer, paste made to close letters. 
Caciiette, kah-shett, sf. little place to hide 

things or one's self in, lurking-place, dark 

corner. 
Caciiette (en), ang-kah-shett, ad. exp. se- 
cretly, under-hand, privately. 
Caciiexie, kah-kcrk-see, sf. cachexy, general 

debility of the vitals. 
Caciiot, kah-shoh, sm. dungeon, dark and 

narrow prison, subterraneous prison. 
Cachotterie, kah-shot-ree, nf. affected se- 
crecy or mystery ; half whisper. 
Caciiou, kali-shoo, sm. cashew-nut, cashew- 
tree. 
Cacochyme, Jeah-Jco-sheem, adj. cacochymic, 

ill-complexioned, ill-natured, cross. 
Cacociiymie, kah-ko-she-m.ee, sf. caeochymy, 

depravation of the humors from a sound 

state ; ill-humor, crossness. 
Cacopiionie, kah-ko-fo-nee, sf. cacophony, 

bad sound of words, want of harmony. 
Cadastre, kah-daitr, sm. doomsday book, 

book in which the estates of the kingdom 

are registered. 
Cadavereux, -se, J;ah-dah-vai-ruhe, -ze, adj. 

cadaverous, deathlike, dreadfully pale. 
Cadavre, Jcah-daJivr, sm. corpse, corse, dead 

body. 
Cadeau, kah-do, sm. feast, entertainment ; 

gift, present ; flourish. 
Cadenas, kad-nah, sm. padlock, lock hung 

upon a stable to hold on a link. 
Cadenasser, kad-nah-sai, va. 1 r. to pad- 
lock, fasten with a padlock. 
S4 



Cadence, kah-dangse, sf. cadence, fall ; fall 
of the voice ; flow of verses or periods, tone 
of sound. 

Cadence, -e, kah-dang-sai, -e, adj. cadenccd, 
musical, harmonious. 

Cadencer, Jcah-dang-sai, va. 1 r. to cadence, 
quaver, write harmoniouslv, dance grace- 
fully. 

Cadenette, kad-nett, sf. long twisted hair 
hanging down, tresses. 

Cadet, kah-day, sm. younger or youngest 
brother, cadet, junior, young man ; volun- 
teer in the army. 

Cadette, kah-delt, sf. younger or youngest 
sister ; paving-stones ; small cue to play 
with at billiards. 

Cadi, kah-de, sm. cadi, judge, magistrate 
among the Turks. 

Cadis, kah-de, sm. cheap serge, coarse wool- 
len stuff. 

Cadole, kah-dol, sf. latch, tmall bolt, spring, 
catch, fastening. 

Cadran, kah-drang, sm. dial, dial-plate. 

Cadran solaire, kah-drang-so-layre, sm. 
sun-dial, gnomon. 

Cadrature, kah-drah-teur, sf. the whole ac- 
tion or movement of a clock or watch (vide 
obr>. 4). 

Cadre, kahdr, sm. frame, picture-frame. 

CADRER, Lah-drai, va. 1 /■. to frame, form, fit 
one thing to another ; to plan, invent. 

Cadrer, kah-drai, en. 1 r. to agree, suit, 
answer, quadrate, be accommodated. 

Caduc, -que, kal/.-deuk, -e, adj. frail, perish- 
able ; old, weak, decayed ; infirm, decrepit, 
worn out. 

Caduc (Age), alije-lcah-deuk, sm. old age. 

Caduc (mal), mal-kah-deulc, sm. falling sick- 
ness, epilepsy (vide obs. 4). 

Caducee, kah-deu-saie, sm, caduceus. Mer- 
cury's wand, staff of office ; tipstaff (vide 
obs. 4). 

Caducite, kah-deu-se-tai, sf. caducity, de- 
crepitude, hist effects of old age ; ruinous 
state ; tendency to fall (vide obs. 4). 

Cafard, -e, kah-far, -d, smf. and adj. hyp- 
ocrite, bigot ; hypocritical, deceitful, coun- 
terfeit. 

Cafarderie, kah-fard-ree, sf. hypocrisy, 
cunning, bigotry, grimaces of a bigot. 

Cafe, kah-fai, sm. coffee, coffee-house. 

Cafetier, -e, kah-fuh-tyai, -re, smf. coffee- 
house keeper. 

Cafetiere, kali full -tya i/r'', sf. coffee-pot. 

Cafier, kah-fyai, sm. coffee-tree. 

Cage, Jtaiije, sf. cage, coop, inclosure of 
twigs or wire ; menagerie ; lattice ; jail, 
prison. 

Cagee, kah-hjaie, sf. aviary, brood of birds 
hatched ami reared in a cage, cageful. 

Cagnard, -e, kah-ing-yar, -d, smf. idler, 
sluggard, lazy person ; idle, lazy ; coward, 
poltroon. 

Cagnarder, kah-ing-yar-dai ', vn. 1 r. to lead 
a lazy life ; be afraid, pusillanimous. 

Cagnariuse, kah-ing-i/ar-deeze, sf. idleness, 
laziness, sloth, sluggishness ; cowardice, 
want of courage. 

Cagneux, -se, kalt-ing-yuhe, -ze, adj. bandy- 
legged, bow-legged, having crooked legs or 
feet. 

Cagot, -e, kah-go, -t, smf. and adj. hypo- 
crite, bigot ; hypocritical, deceitful, coun- 
terfeit. 



CAL 



CAL 



Cagotekie, kah-gol-ree, sf. hypocrisy, bigot- 
ry, cant of a bigot. 
Cagotishe, kah-go-teesm, sm. hypocrisy, 
false affected devotion, bigotry. 

Cague, kagg, sf. Dutch fishing boat or vessel. 

Cabibr, kah-yai, sm. small writing-book; 
course of written lectures, written resolu- 
tions ; folded sheets of a book. 

Cahin caha, kah-aing-huh-ah, ad. cxp. so 
so, middling, neither well nor ill ; with 
much ado. 

Caiiot, knh-oh, sm. jolt, shock, shog, shake, 
concussion, rough motion of a vehicle. 

CAHOTAGE, kah-o-tahje, sm. jolting, shaking, 
roughness of a vehicle or road. 

Cahoteu, kah-o-tai, va. n. 1 /•. to jolt, shake, 
toss up and down on rough ground. 

Cahotte, kah-eute, sf. hut, cottage, hovel, 
mean habitation (vide obs. 4). 

Caic or Ca?qoe, kah-eek, sm. skiff, shelf; 
ketch, English ship. 

Caiec. ka/i-yvhe, sm. sprout, stem of a bulb 
or onion ; offset. 

Caili.c, kah-yuh, sf. quail, a bird of game 
and passage. 

Caille, -e, kah-yai, -e, adj. curdled, curdy, 
coagulated, concreted, full of curds and 
whey ; coagulation of milk. 

Cailleeotte, kah-yuh-bot, sf. curds and 
whey, milk-pan ; hazel-tree. 

Caillebotter, kah-yuh-bo-tai, va. 1 r. to 
curd, curdle. 

Caii-le-lait, kah-yuh-lay, sm. rennet, runnet, 
flower that coagulates milk. 

Caillemext, kah-yuh-mang, sm. curdling of 
milk, coagulation, concretion. 

Cailler, kah-yai, va. 1 r. to curdle, curd, 
coagulate, turn to curds. 

Cailleteau, -x, p. kah-yuhto, -e, p. sm. 
young quail. 

Caillette, kah-yett, sf. babbler, gossip, talk- 
ative man or woman ; runnet. 

Caillot, kah-yoh. sm. clot of blood, concre- 
tion, gore, grume. 

Caillot-kosat, kah-yoh-ra-zah, sm. rose- 
water pear. 

Caillo(T, -x, p. kahyoo, -e, p. sm. flint, peb- 
ble ; flint-stone. 

Cailloctage, kah-yoo-tahje, sm. heap of 
stones, road-work, breaking of stones. 

Caiman, kah-e-mang, sm. crocodile, alligator. 

Caisse, kayss, sf. chest, coffer, treasury, 
bank-office, cash, cash-book ; case ; drum. 

Caissier, kai-syai, sm. cashier, cash-keeper, 
treasurer ; chest, box, trunk maker. 

Caisson, kai-song, sm. covered wagon, to 
carry provisions and ammunition. 

Cajole r. kahhjo-lai, va. 1 r. to cajole, 
wheedle, flatter, soothe, entice, persuade by 
soft words. 

Cajolerie, kah-hjol-ree, sf. cajolery, flattery, 
wheedling, enticement, persuasion by kind 
words. 

Cajoleur, -se, kah-hjo-lur, -luhze, smf. ca- 
joler, flatterer, wheedler, coaxer. 

Cal, teal, sm. callosity, hard skin on the 
hands or feet, excrescence, horny sub- 
stance. 

Calaisox, kah-lay-zong, sf. depth of a ship 
from deck to bottom. 

Calamrocr, kah-lang-boor, sm. calambac. 

Calamiie, kah-lah-me-tai, sf. calamity, mis- 
fortune, misery, distress, melancholy event. 

Calamiteux, -se, knh-lah-me-tuh, -ze, adj. 



calamitous, unfortunate, wretched, miser- 
able, distressful. 

Calandre, kah-langdr, sf. calender, hot- 
press, press to smooth cloth ; sort of lark. 

Calandrer, kah-lang-drai, va. 1 r. to calen- 
der, smooth, hot-press cloth. 

Calandreur, kah-lany-rf, ur, s,n. calanderer, 
glosser, polisher, hot-presser. 

Calcaiue, kal-kayre, adj. calcareous, chalky, 
impregnated with chalk, limy. 

Calcedoine, kal-sai-doo-ann, >/. chalcedony, 
wdiite agate, kind of precious stone. 

Calcinatiox, kal-se-tiah-syong, sf. calcina- 
tion, chemical pulverization, redaction to 
powder. 

Calciner, kalse-nai, va. 1 r. to calcine, burn 
up, reduce to a polverizable calx. 

Se calciner, suh-ka) '-se-nai, vref. to become 
a calx by heat, calcine. 

Calcul, kal-kule, sm. calculation, computa- 
tion, reckoning, account; stone, concretion. 

Calculable, kal-ku-labl, adj. computable, 
countable, that may be calculated. 

Calcltlateur, kal-ku-lah-tur, sm. calculator, 
computer, accountant, reckoner; projector. 

Calculer, kal-ku-lai, va. 1 r. to calculate, 
compute, reckon ; adjust, project, devise, 
contrive. 

Calculeux, -se, kal-ku-luhe, -ze, adj. calcu- 
lous, stony, gritty. 

Cale, kal, sf. small wooden wedge ; beam, 
sloping ground ; lead of a line; bay; duck- 
ing ; ship's hold ; flat cap for men and 
women. Porter la cale, to wear a livery. 

Calebasse, kal-bass, sf. gourd, bottle made 
of a gourd. 

Caleche, kali-ley sh.sf. calash, small carriage, 
chariot ; silk folding covering worn over 
the head by ladies full-dressed. 

Caleqon, kai-song, sm. drawers, men and 
women's under-dress. 

Caleeaction, kah-lai-faeksyong, sf. calefac- 
tion, heating of any thing, state of being 
heated. 

Calembourg, kah-lang-boor, sm. quibble, 
pun, ridiculous homonymy. 

Calendes, kah-kiiiydi-., sfp. calends, first day 
of the month among the Romans, convoca- 
tion. 

Calendes Grecques, kah-langde-grayk, 
prov. exp. at latter lammas, never. 

Calendrier, kuh-hing-dre-yai, sm. calendar, 
register of the year, almanac. 

Calendrier Gregorien, kah-lang-dre-yai- 
grai-go-rj/aing, sm. Gregorian calendar. 

Calenture, kah-lang-teuTe, sf. tropical fe- 
ver, burning fever, in the torrid zone. 

Calepix, kal-puing, sm. book of extracts, 
memorandum-book. 

Caler, kah-lai, va. 1 r. to stay, level, wedge 
up ; lower, strike, yield, submit. 

Caler la voile, kah-lai-lah-voo-all, prov. to 
lower one's tone, yield, submit. 

Calf at, kal-fah, sm. calking, oaknm, calker. 

Calfatage, kalfah-tahje, sm. calking of a 
ship, stopping of the leaks. 

Calfatek, kal-fahtai, va. 1 r. to calk, stop 
the leaks of a ship, pitch, tar. 

Calfeutrage, kal-fuhetrahje, sm. stopping 
of chinks, cracks, crevices, clefts with 
paper, &c. 

Calfeutrer, kalfuhe-trai, va. 1 r. to stop 
holes, chinks, cracks, crevices with paper, 
<fec. 

85 



CAL 



CAM 



Calibe, -e, J;ah-le-hai, -e, adj. chalybeate, 

impregnated with iron or Steel. 
Calibre, kah-teebr, sm. caliber, bore, diame- 
ter of a cannon or gun, size of balls ; worth, 

value, extent, height, size. 
Calibrer, Itah-le-brai, va. 1 r. to bore, fit the 

size to the bore, proportion, equal, measure. 
Calice, kahdeess, sm. chalice, cup, bowl ; 

communion cup ; grief, affliction, sorrow, 

misery. 
Calicot, kali-le-coh, sm. calico, Indian stuff 

made of cotton. 
Calife, lidk-leef, sm. caliph, Arabian sove- 
reign invested with temporal and spiritual 

power. 
Califoueciion (a), dh-lcah-le-foor-shong, ad. 

astraddle, with one's legs across or open. 
Calin, -e, kab-laing, -leen, smf. and adj. 

fawner, flatterer, courtier ; sweetish, affect- 
edly gentle, lazy booby. 
Caliner, kah-le-nai, va. n. 1 r. to fawn, 

wheedle, flatter ; lead an inactive life, take 

one's ease. 
Se caliner, suh-kah-le-nai, vref. to indulge 

one's self, sit or rest like a booby. 
Calleux, -se, kah-luhe, ~zf-, adj. callous, 

horny, hard, indurated ; insensible ; void of 

feeling or affection. 
Callosite, kal-losx-tai, sf. callosity, hard 

swelling, callousness, induration, insensi- 
bility. 
Calmande, kal - mangde, sf. calamanco, 

glossy woollen stuff. 
Calmant, -e, kal-mang, -t, adj. lenient, as- 

suasive, mitigating, softening, emollient. 
Calm E, halm, sm. calm, serenity, stillness; 

calmness, tranquillity, quietness, peace of 

mind. 
Calme, halm, adj. calm, quiet, serene, still ; 

undisturbed, unruffled ; free from passion 

or pain. 
Calmer, kal-mai, va. 1 r. to calm, still, quiet ; 

pacify, appease; ease, soften, mitigate. 
Se calmer, suh-kal-mai, vref. to become 

quiet, tranquil, easy, pacified, calm. 
Calomel, kah-lo-mell, sm. calomel, mercury, 

mixture of mercury and sulphur. 
Calomniateur, -trice, kah-lam-ne-ydh-tur, 

-treess, smf. calumniator, slanderer, forger 

of accusation. 
Calomnie, kahdom-nee, sf. calumny, slander, 

false charge or accusation, aspersion. 
CALOMNIER, kah-lom-ne-yai, va. 1 r. to calum- 
niate, slander, accuse falsely, asperse. 
Calommeusement, Jeah-lom-ne-yftJize-ynavg, 

ad. calumniously, slanderously, with false 

accusation. 
Calomnieux, -SE, kahdom-ne-yuhe, -ze. adj. 

calumnious, slanderous, falsely reproach- 
ful. 
Calorifeee, kah-lo-re-fair, sm. air-stove, 

hot-air stove. 
Caloeifiqui:, kahdo-re-feek, adj. calorific. 
Calot, kah loh, sm. shell of a nut, bottom of 

a hat. 
Calot (figure a), fe-gure-ah-kali-loJi, prov. 

exp. grotesque figure, ridiculous appear- 
ance. 
Calotte, Jcdh-lott, sf. calotte, cap, coif; slap ; 

pitch-plaster for a scald-head. 
Calotter, kah-lo-tai, va. 1 r. to box the 

ears of. 
Calque, kalk, sm. slight sketch of a drawing ; 

copy upon transparent paper. 
8li 



Calquer, kal-kai, va. 1 r. to chalk, mark or 
trace out with chalk, draw the outlines. 

Calquoir, kal-koo-ar, sm. blunt bodkin to 
trace the outlines of a drawing, &c. (vide 
obs. 4). 

Calumet, kah-leu-may, sm. reed, tube of a 
pipe ; large Indian pipe, pipe of peace (vide 
obs. 4). 

Calus, kahdeuss, sm. callus, induration of the 
skin or fibres ; hardness of heart (vide obs. 
4). 

C'alvaire, kal-vayre, sm. Calvary, place of 
the crucifixion of our Saviour ; gibbet, gal- 
lows. 

Calvanier. kal-vah-nyai, sm. harvester, 
workman, hind, boor, laborer, sheaf-binder. 

Calvin isme. kal-ve-neessm, sm. Calvinism, 
doctrine of Calvin. 

Calviniste, kal-ce-ncest, smf. Calvinist, ad- 
herer to the doctrine of Calvin. 

Calvitie, kal-ce-see, sf baldness, want of 
hair ; loss of hair, of eyelids, of eyebrows. 

Camaieu, kah-mah-yuhe, sm. camaieu, pre- 
cious stone, landscape or figures of one 
color. 

Camail, kah-mah-yuh. sm. short cloak with 
hood worn by the Romish clergy in winter. 

Camarade, kah-mah-rad, smf. comrade, 
companion, partner, friend, mate. 

Camaraderie, kali-mah-rad-ree, sf. com- 
panionship, company, fellowship, associa- 
tion, friendship. 

Camard, -E, kali-mar, -d. smf. and adj. fiat 
nose, man or woman with a flat nose. 

Cambouis, kang-boo-ee, sm. old grease, black 
oily grease of a wheel, coom, matter work- 
ing out of the wheels. 

Cambrer, kang-brai, va. 1 r. to curve, be.. 1, 
vault, arch, cover with an arch. 

Se cambrer, suh-kavg-brai, vref. to bend, 
arch, warp, lose its proper direction. 

Cambrere, kang - breure, sf. cameration, 
vaulting, arching, bending, slight curve 
(vide obs. 4). 

Camee, kahmaie, sm. cameo, stone of semi- 
transparent colors ; picture of one color. 

Cameleon, kah-mai-lai-ang, sm. chameleon, 
small lizard said to live on air ; time- 
server. 

Camelot, Jcam-loJi, sm. camlet, camelot, si''. 
and woollen stuff. 

Caiierier, kah-mdh-ryai, sm. chamberlain, 
crown officer, servant who has the care of 
the chambers. 

Camerlingat, kah-mer-laing-gah, sm. digni- 
ty, place of the pope's apostolic court, chan- 
cellorship. 

Camerlingue, kah-mer-laing-gue, sm. chan- 
cellor of the exchequer at Rome ; supreme 
judge of the ecclesiastical court. 

Camion, kah-mynng, sm. minikin pin ; brew- 
er's dray ; small head of a thistle. 

Camisade, feah-me-zad; sf. camisado, attack 
by night, unexpected assault. 

Camisard, -e, kah-me-zar, -d, smf. fanatic, 
enthusiast. 

Camisole, kah-me-sol, sf. under waistcoat, 
corset : strait-jacket. 

Camomille, kah-mome-yuh, sf. chamomile, 
an odoriferous and medicinai plant. 

Camouflet, kah-moo-flay, sm. whiff, puff, 
blast of smoke blown in a person's nose 
while asleep ; affront. 

Camp, kang, sm. camp ; encampment, tents 



CAN 



CAN 



pitched in order : army. Metre <<V camp, 
colonel of hors e. Mai e"chalde camp, major- 
general. Lever le camp, to decamp, break 
up. 

Campagnard, -e, Jcang-pali-ing-yar, -d. smf. 
country man or woman, rustic, clown, 
farmer. 

CAMPAGNARD, -E, lang-pcdi-inij-i/ar, -d, adj. 
rustic, rural ; inelegant ; honest, simple, 
artless ; plain. 

Campagne, kang-pah^ing-uuh, sf. country, 
fields, count i y house or lii'e ; campaign ; re- 
search; delirium; digression; small can- 
non. Se metlre en campagne, tenir la cam- 
pagne, to have or keep the field. Cam- 
pagne de cole, cruise along shore. Cam- 
pagne dc long cnurs, a long voyage. 

Campagne (piece de), pf/esx-duh-kang-ptA- 
ing-guh, sf. field-piece of ordnance. 

Campagne (battee la), battr-lah-ltang-pah- 
ing-guh, ;•. -i irr. to digress, lose sight of 
one's text. 

Campane, kang-pan, sf. gold, silver, silk, 
Ac, fringe ornamented with small bells. 

Campakidle, kang-pah-nee-yvlt, sf. small 
light cupola, top of dome ; small steeple ; 
place for a bell on the top of a house. 

Campeche, hang pet/#h, sm. logwood, wood 
for dyeing red or black. 

Campement, kangp-mang, am. encampment ; 
camp, tents, cannon, fortifications. 

Camper, hang pai, do. 1 r. to encamp ; pitch 
tents; give, apply, place. 

Camper, hang -pai, in. 1 r. to encamp, sit 
clown for a lime in a march ; sit boldly in a 
place. 

Camphre, kangfr, sm. camphor, resin ex- 
tracted from the camphor-tree. 

Camphre, -e, kang-frai, -e, adj. camphorate, 
impregnated with camphor. 

Campine, kang-peen, sf. tine small pullet. 

Campos, kang-poe, sm. playday, holiday, re- 
laxation, rest from labor. 

Ca it's, -E, Itah-meu,, -ze, adj. flat, without 
prominence ; balked, disappointed ; hum- 
bled, taken down ; flat-nosed. 

Canaille, kah-nah-yuh, sf. canaille, lowest 
people, rahble, mob ; squalling brats. 

Canal, kah-nal, sm. canal, channel, gutter, 
pipe, basin of water ; ways, means ; shaft. 
Fa ire canal, to put out to sea, cross a chan- 
nel. 

Canape, hah-nali-pai, sm. couch, sofa, seat 
of repose. 

Canard, kah-nar, em. duck, water-fowl ; de- 
coy-duck ; water-spaniel. 

Canard (bOIS), boo - ah • kah - nor, sm. raft, 
float left swimming on the water. 

Canards (donner des), do-nai-dey-kah- 
nali* ■ , v. 1 r. to deceive, impose upon. 

CanaRDER, kah-nar-dai, va. 1 /•. to waylay, 
watch insidiously, shoot from a lurking- 
place. 

Canardiere, kdh-nar-dyaire, sf. decoy, 
place to entrap and catch ducks ; long gun. 

Canari, kaJi-ncih-re, m«. canary-bird, kind 
of yellow sparrow. 

Cancan, kamg-ltamg, sm. long and boisterous 
complaint. 

Cancer, kang - sair, sm. cancer, canker, 
virulent swelling; crab-fish; sign of the 
summer solstice. 

CANCRE, kanglcr, sm. craw-nsh ; curmud- 
geon, miser, niggard, stingy man or woman. 



CandElabre, kang-dai-lahbr, sm. chande- 
lier, brtinch for candles. 

Candeur, kang-dur, sf. candor, ingenuous- 
ness, purify of mind, swi etness i f manners. 

Candi (SOCRe), seukr-kang-de, urn. candied 
sugar, sugar-candy (vide obs. 4). 

Candidat, kang-de-dah, ■••m. candidate, com- 
petitor, rival. 

Candide, hang-deed, adj. candid, sincere, 
ingenuous, fair, open ; white. 

Candidement, kang-de-duh-mang, ad. can- 
didly, fairly, ingenuously, sincerely. 

Cane, kan, sf. duck, water-fowl; coward, 
poltroon. 

Canepin, kan-paing, sm. parchment; fine 
sheep-skin, lamb-skin to make gloves. 

Caketer, kan-tai, vn. 1 r. to waddle, shake 
from side to side in walking like a duck. 

Caneton, han-tong, sm. young duck, duck- 
ling ; can, vessel to carry fluids. 

Canette, kah-nett, sf. young female duck, 
duckling ; canakiu, beer-measure ; spindle, 
bobbin. 

Canevas, kan-vah,sm. canvas, coarse cloth ; 
rough sketch; model; unconnected words 
set to music. 
! Caniche, kah-neesK, sf. female spaniel ; vul- 
gar name of reproach for a woman. 
! Caniculaire, kah-ne-ku-layre, adj. canicu- 
lar, belonging to Sirius or the dog-star. 

Cakicdxaires (jodrs), hjoor-kah -ne-hu- 
lai/re, smp. dog-days, days in which the 
sun and dog-star rise and set at one time. 
I Caniciti.e, kah-ne-kul, sf. Sirius, dog-star, 

dog-days. 
I Canif, lidh nr.ff, sm. penknife. 
I Canin, -e, kah-naing, -nem. adj. canine, he- 
longing to or like a dog ; gree*.y, voracious. 

Canin (ris), re -kah-naing, sm. mocking, 
scoffing, derisory smile or appearance. 

Canine (¥Aiu),faing-kah-neen, sf. excessive, 
hunger, voraciousness, ravenonsness. 

Canines idents), danghe-kah-iuen, sfp. eye- 
teeth. 

Canne, kan, sf. cane, walking-stick ; rod, 
tube, pipe, measure, reed, sugar-plant. 

Cannelas, kan-lah, sin. sugar-plum, candied 
cinnamon. 

Cannele, kan-lai, sm. silk stuff worn iu 
imitation of taffeta. 

Canneler, kan-lai, va.l r. to flute ; to groove. 

Cannelle, kah-neV, sf. cinnamon ; spigot, 
cock ; fluting along the eyelet of a needle. 

Cannelon, kan-long, sm. tin-mould fluted to 
shape puddings, cakes, <fec. 

Cannelure, kan-leure, sf. channel, flute, 
hollow in a pillar (vide obs. 4). 

Cannibale, lah-itc-lal, sm. man-eater, sav- 
age ; cruel, barbarous, blood-thirsty man. 

Canon, kah-nong, sm. cannon ; barrel : cyl- 
inder ; tube, pipe ; canon ; ornament for 
the knees. A la poitee da cam. a, within 
musket shot. Tin canon de duv-huit, an 
eighteen-pounder. 

Canon (coup de), Jcoo-dvh-kaJi-nong, sm. 
cannon-shot, ball shot from a great gun. 

Canon (poddre a), poodr-ah-kah-nong, sf. 
gunpowder. 

Canonial, -e, kdh-rw-nyal, adj. canonical, 
spiritual, ecclesiastical, according to the 
canon. 

Canonicat, kali-no-ne-kah, sm. canonship, 
prebend, benefice in a cathedral or colle- 
giate church. 

87 



CAP 



CAP 



Canonique, kuh-no-neek, adj. canonical, ac- 
cording to the canon, fixed by ecclesiastical 
laws. 

Canoniquement, kah-no-neelc-mang, ad. 
canonically, according to the canon. 

Canoniser, kah-no-ne-zai, va. 1 r. to canon- 
ize, praise, extol excessively, panegyrize, 
raise to the skies. 

Canoniste, kah-no-neest, sm. canonist, pro- 
fessor of the canon law. 

Canonnade, kah-nonad, sf. cannonade, dis- 
charge of cannon or artillery ; attack with 
cannon. 

Canonnage, kah-no-nahje, si7i. gunnery, 
science of artillery ; cannonade, discharge 
of cannon, attack with cannon. 

Canonner, leah-no-nai, va. \r. to cannon- 
ade, play the great guns, attack or batter 
with cannon. 

Canonnier, kah-no-nyai, sm. cannonier, 
engineer, gunner, manager of the artillery. 

Canonnieee, kah- no- ny ay re, sf. embrasure, 
port-hole, loop-hole ; gutter, drain ; open 
tent; popgun. 

Canot, kah-noh, sm. small boat, ship's boat, 
canoe ; boat made of the hollowed trunk 
of a tree. Grand canot, barge. Petit canot, 
jolly-boat. 

Cantate, kang-tatt, sf. cantata, Italian song. 

Cantatille, kang-tah-teeyuh, sf. little can- 
tata, short Italian song. 

Cantharide, kang-tahreed, sf. cantharides, 
Spanish fly. 

Cantine, kang teen, sf. bottle-case, travel- 
ling liquor chest ; sutler's tent. 

Cantinier, -e, kang -te-nyai, -re, smf. sutler, 
keeper of a cantine. 

Cantkjqe, kang-teek, sm. canticle, hymn, 
holy song, song of Solomon. 

Canton, kang -tbng, sm. canton, district, 
small community, small division of land, 
part of a town. 

Cantonnement, Jcang-ttm-mang, sm. canton- 
ing, division into small bodies or parcels. 

Cantonner, kang-to-nai, va. 1 r. to canton, 
cantonize, divide into small bodies or par- 
cels. 

Se cantonnee, suJi-kang-tonai, vrcf. to in- 
trench, fortify one's self in a place ; fix 
one's abode. 

Cantonnier, kang -to- ne-yai, sm. road- 
laborer. 

Cantonniere, kang-to-nyayre, sf. additional 
curtain over the bed-furniture. 

Canule, kah-neul, sf. small pipe, tube, 
siphon, syringe (vide obs. 4). 

Cap, kap, sm. cape, promontory, headland, 
point, beak-head ; head. 

Cap (de pied en), duh-pyai-ang-kap, ad. 
exp. cap-a-pie, from head to foot, top to 
toe. 

Cap a cap (parler), pardai-kapah-kap, v. 
1 r. to speak to one privately and alone. 

Capable, kah-pabl, adj. capable, able, sus- 
ceptible, qualified, skilful, fit, proper. Fa ire 
le capable, to pretend to great things. 

Capablement, kah - pabl - mang , ad. with 
ability, skilfully, properly, in an able man- 
ner. 

Capacite, kahpah-se-tai, sf. capacity ; judg- 
ment, understanding, ability, power, size, 
extent, capaciousness ; skill ; reach ; con- 
dition. 

Caparacon, kah-pah-rah-song, sm. capari- 
06 



son, net-cover for a horse, pompous horse- 
cover. 

CapaRaqonner, kah-pah-rahso-nni, va. \r. 
to caparison, dress in caparisons, dress 
pompously. 

Cape, kap" sf. cape, neck-piece of a coat; 
riding-hood, cowl, cape of a cloak. 

Cape (rire sous), reer-sooe-kap, v. 4 irr. to 
laugh in one's sleeve, impose upon, de- 
ceive. 

Capelan, kapdang, sm. hypocritical and ig- 
norant priest ; poor clergyman. 

Capeline, kap-leen, sf. lady's hat or bon- 
net ; plume of feathers ; casque, Spanish 
hat. 

Capillaire, kah -pe-layre, sm. capillaire, 
syrup of maiden-hair, maiden-hair. 

Capillaire, kah -pe- lay re, adj. capillary, 
small, minute, resembling hairs. 

Capilotade, kahpe-lo-tad, sf. hash, minced 
meat, olio, medley, mixture, slander. 

Capilotade (mettre en), meltr-ang-kah-pe- 
lo-tad, v. 4 irr. to defame, slander, tear 
one's reputation to pieces. 

Capitaine, kahpe-tayne, sm. captain, chief 
commander of a company or vessel ; chief; 
general, governor. 

Capitainekie, kah-pe tain-ree, sf. captain- 
ship, rank of a captain ; governor of a 
castle, office of a ranger. 

Capital, -aux, p. kah-pe- tal, -toe, p. sm. 
stock, capital, principal sum ; chief occu- 
pation ; main point. 

Capital, -e, kah-pe-tal, adj. capital, chief, 
principal ; criminal ; great, considerable, 
advantageous. 

Capitale, kahpe-tal, sf. chief city, capital 
of a kingdom, metropolis, capital" letter. 

Capitane, kah-pe-tan, sf. the Turkish ad- 
miral 's galley. 

Capitation, kah-pe-tah-synng, sf capitation, 
poll tax, numeration by heads. 

Capiteux, -se, kahpe-tuhe, -ze, adj. heady, 
strong, spirituous, apt to affect the head. 

Capitole, kahpe-tol, sm. capitol, temple, 
and fortress at Rome. 

Capiton, kah-pe-tong, sm. coarse silk, silk 
wad ; inner part of'the shell of a silk-worm. 

Capitoul, kah-pe tool, sm. chief magistrate 
of Toulouse. 

Capitulaire, kah-pe-teu-layre, adj. of a 
chapter, belonging to a chapter, of the 
statutes of a chapter. 

Capitulairement, kah-pe-teudayre-viang, 
ad. in chapters, by the whole chapter 
(vide obs. 4). 

Capitulaires, kah pe-teu-layre, smp. capit- 
ulars, injunctions respecting ecclesiastical 
matters. 

Cafitulant, kah-pe-teu-lang, sm. member of 
a chapter, voter (vide obs. 4). 

Capitulation, kah-pe-teu-lah-syong, sf. 
capitulation, stipulation, terms, conditions, 
agreement, articles. 

Capituler, kah-petcu-lai, vn. 1 r. to capitu- 
late, yield, surrender ; come to an agree- 
ment. 

Capon, kah-pnng, sm. gambler, sharper, 
swindler ; hypocrite, fawner, idle school- 
boy, coward, poltroon. 
Caponner, kah-po-nai, va. 1 r. to cheat, 
trick, defraud, flatter, fawn, comply ; tell 
tales. 
Cafonniere, kah-j'o-nyayre, sf. intrench- 



CAQ 



CAR 



tnent, double covered-way, lodgment in a 
dry ditch. 

CAPORAL, knh-po-rul, sm. corporal, lowest 
ollicer of Ibc infantry ; low sea-officer. 

Capot, kah-po/i, sm. groat cloak; cloak 
with n hood ; capot, winning of all the 
tricks at piquet. Faire capot, to overset. 

Cap r :, kah-pott, qf. riding-hood, great cloak 
or mantle. 

CApre, l.iilipr, sm. privateer, corsair; caper, 
nasturtium. 

Caprice, kah~pree&>, sm. caprice, whim, freak, 
fancy, maggot, oddness, particularity. 

Capricier (se), sith-lcah-pre-syai, vref. to 
n !>>pt through whim ; take huff or pet. 

Capricieusement, kah-pre-syuhze-manffi ad. 
capriciously, whimsically, through fancy. 

Capricieux, -s::. kah-pre-syiJtc, -zc, culj. 
capricious, whimsical, fanciful, freakish, 
humprsome. 

Capiucorne, kali-pre-corn, sm. Capricorn, 
i of the zodiac ; winter solstice. 

Caprier, f.xth-Ttre-yai, sm. caper-bush — its 
buds are pickled for eating. 

Caprisant (po.uls), pone-k-ah-pre-sartg, sm. 
uneven pulse ; unequal, irregular. 

Capsulaire, fcap-seu-layre, adj. capsular, 
hollow like a chest. 

Capsule, kap-scide, sf. case, wrapper, en- 
veloped husk containing the seed of plants. 

CAptateur, hip - tah - tur, sm. inVeigler, 
wheedler, deceiver, fortune-hunter. 

Captation, kap-hiJi-syong, sf. captation, in- 
veigling, interested attentions. 

Captat H ':"., /,-- 1 p-fah -too-ar, «(//. fraudulent, 
deceitful, artful, interested, not sincere. 

Capter, kap-tai, ca. 1 r. to inveigle, wheedle, 
allure, persuade to something bad or hurt- 
ful. 

Captteux, -sf,. kap-syuhe, -ze, adj. captious, 
insidious, insnaring ; given to cavils, eager 
to object. 

Cai'Tiei'Seme^t. kapsyuhze-mang, ad. cap- 
tiously, with an inclination to cavil. 

Captip, -ve, Ltip-tfrf, -teen, smf. and adj. 
captive, slave, prisoner ; confined, shut up, 
not free. 

CAPTIVER, l.-ap-ti'-vni, ra. 1 r. to captivate, 
take prisoner ; bring into bondage ; charm, 
subdue. 

Captivite, kap-te-ve-lai, sf. captivity, sla- 
very, servitude ; great confinement. 

Capture, 7cap-teure, sf. capture, prize ; booty, 
plunder ; seizure, arrest. 

Captures, kap-teu-rai, ra. 1 >-. to capture, 
arrest ; seize, plunder, pillage, take forci- 
bly (vide obs. 4). 

Capuce, kah-peiiss, sf. cowl-hood, upper 
cover of a friar's or nun's head. 

CAPCCHON, kah-peu-shong, sm. capuchin, 
cloak and hood worn by capuchin friars 
(vide obs. 4). 

Capucik, Jcah-peu-saing, sm. capuchin friar; 
affected and trifling preacher. 

Capucinade, Jcah-peuse-nad, sf. ridiculous 
sermon, unconnected discourse. 

Capucise, kah-peu-seen, sf. capuchin nun, 
nasturtium (i pickle and plant), (vide obs. 4). 

Caqu age, kah-lcahje, sm. curing and barrel- 
ling of salt herrings, <v.e. 

CAQUE, hack, sf. cag, keg, cask, small barrel 
used for preserving salt fish. 

CAQDE SENT TOUJOURS LE IIARENG (LA), 

lah-kack-sang-too-ftjoor-luh-hah-rang, what 



is bred in the bone, never will come out of 
the flesh. 

Caquer, kafi-Jcai, va. 1 r. to gut, salt, pre- 
serve, barrel up herrings, Qsh, &c. 

Caquet, Icah-kay, sm. prate, prattle, tattle, 
slight talk, chat, gossiping, foolish lo- 
quacity. 

Caquet (Rabattre l::), rah-battr-luh-kah- 
kay, r. 4 irr. to silence, humble the pride of. 

CAGUETAGE, hihlc-lalijc, sm. gossiping, prat- 
tling, chattering. 

CaqUETER, kaJrfc-lai, ra. 1 r. to prattle, gos- 
sip, babble, chat, talk idly, tell talcs ; 
cackle. 

Caqueteur, -Se, kaftk-lur, -tuhze, smf. pra- 
ter, tattler, chatterer, newsmonger. 

Caquetekie, hah-kaU-ree, sf. tittle-tattle, 
empty gabble ; mischief, scandal. 

Caquetoike, kah-kiih-too-ar, sf. low arm- 
chair with a high back ; easy-chair, chak 
of rest. 

Caquecr, kah-kur, sm. herring, fish. &c, 
salter, curer. 

Car, kar, conj. because, for, for this reason, 
on this account. 

Carabe, kdli-ruli-bai, sm. yellow amber, am- 
ber, transparent and bituminous substance. 

Carabin, Tcah-rah-baing, sm. carabineer, 
surgeon-barber ; rook ; mischief-maker. 

Carabinade, kah-rah-be-uad, sf. discharge 
of muskets, rook's trick ; cheat's play. 

Carabine, kah-rah-been, sf. carbine, cara- 
bine, small gun. 

Carabtner, l/ah-raJi-be-nai, ra. 1 r. to 
groove the inside of the barrel of a gun ; 
lire and retreat; rook, cheat, retire with 
gain or loss. 

Carabinier, kali-rali-be-nyai, sm. carabi- 
nier, light horseman. 

Caracole, hah-rah-kol, sf. wheeling about, 
caracole. 

Caracoler, kali-rah-ko-lai, vn. 1 ;-. to wheel 
about, caracole. 

Cahacoclek, lah-rah-koolai, vn. 1 r. to 
coo, cry as a dove or pigeon. 

Caractere, kah-rack-tayr, sm. character, 
mark, stamp, representation, writing ; 
temper. 

Caracteriser, kaft-rack-tai-re-zai ', ra. 1 r. 
to characterize, give an account of tho 
characteristic qualities of any person or 
thing. 

Caracteristiqce, kdhyrack-tai-re-sieek, adj. 
characteristic, constituting tho true charac- 
ter. 

Carafe, kah-raff, sf. decanter, flagon, wine 
or water bottle, Ac. 

Carafon, kah-rah-fonrj, sm. small decanter ; 
cooler ; ice-pail. 

Carambole, kah-rang-ho?, sf. carambol, red 
ball ; game at billiards. 

Caramboler, kah-rang-borlai, vn. 1 r. to 
hit two balls at once ; kill two birds with 
one stone. 

Caramel, kah-rah-mel, sm. burnt sugar, 
barley -sugar. 

Caraque, kah-rack, sf. carack, large ship of 
burden, galleon; excellent cocoa; Bra- 
zilian fox. 

CARAT, kali-raft, sm. carat, weight of four 
grains ; small diamond. 

Carats (sot, sotte, or fou, folle a vi>"GT 
quatre),«»A, sott,fqp,foU-ah-vawgte-7ca4tr- 
kah-rah, idi, phr. arch-fool, raving mad. 

S9 



CAR 



CAE 



Caravane, l;ah-rali-iaii, sf. caravan, troop 

or body of merchants or pilgrims ; light 

wagon. 
Caravanier, kah-rah-vah-nyai, sm. leader 

or driver of a caravan. 
Caravanserail, Icah-rah-van-sai-rah-yuh, 

sm. caravansary, house for the reception 

of travellers. . 
Caravelle, kah-rah-vell, sf. Portuguese 

galley ; caravel. 
Carbatine, kar-bdhrteen, sf. hide of i beast 

fresh killed. 
Carboncle, kar-bongkl, sm. carbuncle, 

phlegmon, inflammation, burning tumor, 

red spot, pimple ; ruby, jewel. 
CARBONADE, kar-bo-nad, sf. carbonado, meat 

cut across and broiled, grillade, broiling. 
Carcan, kar-kang, sm. iron collar ; carca- 

net, necklace ; collar of jewels. 
CarcaSSE, kar-cass, sf. carcass ; frame, 

skeleton, main parts ; lean person, bag of 

bones. 
Carcinome. kar-se-nome, sm. cancer, corro- 
sion, virulence, cancerous tumor. 
Cardamoms, kar-dah-mom, sin. cardarno- 

mum, medicinal seed. 
Carde, kard, sf. card ; stalk of an artichoke, 

or a beet leaf. 
Cardee, kar-daie, sf. card-full, carding, 
• quantity carded at once. 
Carder, kar-dui, vat. 1 r. to card, comb 

wool. 
Cardeur, -SE, kar-dur, -dnhze, smf. carder, 

wool carder or comber; wool -stapler. 
Cardialgie, kar-de-yal-njee, sf. heart-burn- 
ing, pain at the stomach, acrid humor. 
Oakdiaque, kar-dyack, adj. cardiac, cordial, 

reviving, invigorating. 
Cardier, kar-dyai, sm. card maker or seller. 
Cardinal, -ux, p. kar-de-nal, -oe, p. sm. 

cardinal, chief governor of the church ; 

red parrot ; red butterfly. 
Cardinal, -e, kar-de-nal, adj. cardinal, 

principal, chief. 
Caedinalat, kar-de-nah-ldh, sm. cardinal- 
ate, cardinalship, office, rank of a cardinal. 
Cardinale, kar-de-nal, sf. cardinal, red 

flower. 
Cardon, kar-dong, sm: cardoon thistle, arti- 
choke, esculent plant 
Careme-, kali-reyme, sm, lent, quadragesi- 
mal fast, time of abstinence. Faire careme, 

to keep lent. 
Carenage, IxHi-rai-nahje., sm. careening, 

Stopping of leaks ; careening place, dry 

dock. 
Carkne, kah-vyne, sf. keel and sides of a 

ship ; careening, stopping of leaks. 
Caiiexeii, 7cdh-rai-vai, va. 1 r. to careen, 

calk, stop up leaks ; pitch, tar, smear 

with pitch. 
CareSSANT, -e, kali-rai-sang. -t, adj. caress- 
ing, fond, kind, tender, indulgent, full of 

fondness. 
Caresse, kah-ress, sf. caress, endearment, 

fondness. 
Caresses (faire bien des), fairs&byaing- 

dey-kah-resse, o. i irr. to make much of, 

welcome. 
Caresser, kan-rai-sai, rn. 1 r. to caress, 

endear, fondle, make much of; stroke, pat. 
GAR"6ais0K, kar-gay-song,sf. cargo, freight, 

lading of a ship, time of lading ; bill of 

lading. 
90 



Carguer, kar-gai, ra. 1 r. to shorten the 

sails with brails, reef, haul up. 
Caricature, kuh-re-kah-teure, sf. carica- 
ture, ridiculous picture, overcharged med- 
ley of figures. 
Caricatcrer, Jcah-re-Icah-teu-rai, ra. 1 ;•. 

to caricature, satirize in painting ; over- 
charge. 
Carie, kah-ree, sf. caries, rottenness, cari- 

ousness, putrefaction. 
Carier, kdh-re-yai, va. 1 r. to rot, taint, 

make putrid, bring to corruption. 
Carillon, kan-ryong, sm. chime; scolding, 

jangling, making a noise, brawling. 
Carillon (VAiRE),faire-kah-ryong, v. 4 in-. 

to make a fine uproar, break every thii g. 
Carillon (battu, -e, "A double), bah-teut-e, 

ah-doobl-kah-ryong, ad. cxp. beaten sound- 
ly. 
Carillonnement, ka.Ti-ryonn-m.ang, sm. 

chiming, jingling of bells. 
Carillonner, kah-ryo-nai,va. lr.tochime, 

jiugle, play upon musical bells. 
Carillonneur, kah-ryo-nur^ sm. chiruer, 

player upon bells ; noisy, jolly fellow. 
Carmagnole, kar-mah-ing-yoL, sf. dre?s, 

dance, tune, song much in vogue at ihe 

time of the Revolution. 
Cakme, Jtarme, sm. Carmelite, monk of the 

order of white friars ; sort of pear. 
Carmin, kar-maing, sm. carmine, bright red 

or crimson color, cochineal. 
Carminatif, -ve, kar-me-nuhrteef -teev,adj. 

carminative, belonging to carminatives. 
Carnage, kar-nahje, sm. carnage, .--laughter, 

havoc ; massacre ; heaps of flesh. 
Carnassier, -e, Jcar-nah-syai, -syayre, adj. 

carnivorous, voracious, ravenous, flesh- 
eating. 
CarnaSSIere, kar-nah-sj/ayre, sf. pouch, 

bag, sportsman's basket: 
Carnation, kar-nah-syong, sf. carnation, 

flesh color, rosy compleNion ; pink. 
Carnaval, kar-nali-r.al, sm. carnival, pub- 
lic masquerades, holidays before Lent. 
Carne, karn, sf. angle, corner, square end. 
Carke, -e, kar-nai, -<=, adj. of liesli color, 

pale red, blossom color. 
Garnet, kar-nay, wn. account-book, fmall 

memorandum-book ; day-book, dfebt-1 ook. 
Carnivore, kar-ve-vor, adj. carnivorous, 

eating flesh, vpracious. 
Caron, kdh-rong, sm. fat rasher of bacon, 

slice of fat pork. 
Caronade. kah-ro-nad, sf. short cannon 

used on board a ship, mortar. 
Caroncule, kah-rcmg-kule, sf. small gland, 

excrescence. 
Caroter, kah-ro-tai, vn. 1 r. to play low, 

game very low, venture very little. 
Carotte, kah-rott, sf. carrot, garden root ; 

twist of tobacco. 
Carpe, Icarp, sf. carp, fresh-water fish. 
Carpe pamee, carp-pah-maie, sf. affected 

person, woman full of affectation. 
Carpe, karp, sm. wrist, part between the 

hand and upper arm. 
Carpeau, kar-po, sm. small carp, young 

carp, male carp. 
Carpette, kar-pette, sf. packing-cloth, 

coarse striped woollen cloth. 
Carpillon, kar-y>e-ycmg, sm. young carp, 

young man who has not been out of his 

native place. 



CAR 



CAS 



CabQDOIS, l:ar-lx>o-ah, sm. quiver, case for 
arrows. 

Carre, fail", sfi stature, height, size, form, 
shape, figure, appearance, stake: ( ■<■■■ 
d'un chupi in, crown of a hat. Homme 
d'une bonne cane, well made about the 
shoulders. Les Carres d'ua Soulier, toe of 
a shoe. 

Carre, kdh-rai, sm. square, parallel, die, 
rule, bed, breast, quadrangle, squadron, 
square root. 

Carre, -E, kah-rai, -e,adj. square, cornered, 
parallel ; strong, well-set. 

Car ree (partie), par-tee-kah-raie, sf. com- 
pany of two men and two women. 

CaRREE (PERIODE), pai-re-yod-knh-raie, sf. 
numerous and well-supported periods. 

Carreau, -x, p. kih-rn, -e, p. sm. square; 
spot of ground ; cushion; pane ; diamond 
at cards ; file, Dutch tile; goose, tailor's 
smoothing iron. Carreau depierre, ham- 
mered stone. Carreau de terre cuite, square 
tile or brick. 

Carrbaux, kali-roe, snip, thunderbolt ; bolt, 
arrows, Hashes of lightning. 

Oarrefour, kar-foor, sm. cross way, place 
where several streets, roads, or paths 
meet. 

Carrelage. kar-lahje, sm. pavement ; pa- 
ving ; expense of pavement or of paving. 

Carreler, kar-lai, va. 1 r. to pave, floor 
with stone or brick ; mend old shoes. 

Carrelet, kar-lay, sm. packing-needle ; 
small sieve ; flounder. 

Carrelette, kar-lelt, sf. fiat file, fine polish- 
ing file. 

Carreleur, Jtar-lur, sin. pavier ; cobbler; 
strolling shoe-botcher. 

Carrelure, kar-leure, sf. new soles and 
heel pieces to old shoes or boots. 

CARREMENT, kdr-rai-mang, ad. equally on 
all sides, at right angles, in a square. 

Carrer, kah-rai, va. 1 r. to square, reduce 
to a square, form with right angles. 

Se carrer, suh-lali-rai, vie/, to strut, walk 
with affected dignity ; stake high, wager. 

Carrei, kah-ray, sm. rope yarn ; tortoise. 

Carries, kah-ryai, em. quarryman, digger 
in a quarry, stonecutter. 

Carriers, kaJi-ryayre, sf. quarry, stone pit 
or mine, pit where stones are di;g. 

Carriere, Jcah-ryayre, */. race-ground, ca- 
reer ; course ; race ; life ; time, office, pro- 
fession. Dormer a cheval carriere, to run 
at full speed. Se donner carriere, to gratify 
one's fancy. 

Carriole, kah-ryol, sf. small tilted cart, 
light wagon. 

Carrosse, kah-ross, sm. coach, carriage of 
pleasure or state. 

Carrosse (cheval de), shuh-val-duh-kah- 
ross, sm. coach-horse ; clownish stupid fel- 
low. 

Carrossee, kaJi-ro-saie, sf. coach-load, full 
number of persons. 

CARUOSSIER, kah-ro-eyai, sm. coach-maker, 
:h-horse. 

Carrousel, kah-roo-zel, sm. carousal, festi- 
val ; tilt, tournament. 

CARRURE, bah-reure, t>f. breadth of shoulders 
or coat ; superfices of a square (vide obs. 4'. 

Carte, hart, sf, card ; bill of fare ; bill, visit- 
card; map; cushion; tailor's goose. 
Faire les cartes, to deal cards. 



Carte marine, kart-mah-reen, sf. sea-chart, 

delineation of coasts. 
Carte-blanche, kart - Uang/ih, tf. carte- 

blanche, full power, free-will. Danner 

carte blanche, to give full liberty. 

Cartel, ttar-tell, sm. cartel, challenge, stip- 
ulation, proposal. 

Cartero, kart-ro, sm. small letter-bag; small 
portfolio. 

Cartesi an*isme, tear - tai - zyah ■ neessm, sm. 
philosophy of Descartes. 

Cartesien, kar-tai-zyaing, sm. ("artesian, 
partisan of Descartes' philosophy. 

Cartier, kar-ti/ai, sm. card maker or seller ; 
wrapping-paper. 

Cartilage, fair - te - lahje, sm. cartilage, 
smooth solid substance not so hard as a 
bone ; gristle. 

Cartilag,INEUX, -se, kar-te-kthhje-nithe, -ze, 
adj. cartilaginous, consisting of cartilages, 
gristles. 

Cautomancie, kar-to-mang-see, sf. fortune- 
telling by cards. 

Carton, Jcar-tong, sm. pasteboard; band-box; 
cartoon, painting or drawing upon large 
paper. 

Cartonner, kar-to-nai, va. 1 r. to put a 
pasteboard cover ; add a leaf to a book. L 

Cartonnerie, kar-lone-ree, sf. pasteboard 
manufactory. 

Cartonnier, kar-to-nyai, sm. pasteboard 
maker or seller. 

Cartouche, kar-toosh, sf. cartouch ; charge, 
cartridge, case 'of paper filled with gun- 
powder. 

Cartouche jaune, kar-toosh-hjone, sf. dis- 
honorable dismission out of the army. 

Cartulaire, kar-teu-laijre, sm. collection of 
grants, of charters. 

Carus, kah-reuss, sm. excessive drowsiness, 
lethargy, morbid drowsiness. 

Carvi, kar-re, sm. caraway, caraway-seed. 

Cas, kah, sm. case, accident, adventure, 
event, conjuncture, occasion, circumstance; 
fact, matter, object, subject ; esteem, value; 
situation. 

Cas pendaele. lah-panij-dabl, sm. criminal 
action, hanging matter. 

Cas d'dne Personne (faire), faire-kah- 
d'unn-pair-son, v. 4. irr. to esteem, value a 
person. 

Cas que (poser le), po-zai-luh-kah-kuhe, 
conj. suppose that. Au cas que, o-kah-kuhe, 
conj. in case that. 

Cas (en tout), ang-too-kaJi, ad. exp. what- 
ever happens, may happen. 

Casanier, -e, kah-zah-nyai, -re, adj. fond of 
staying at home, domestic, idle, lazy, inac- 
tive, cowardly. 

Casanier, kah-zah-n>/ai, sm. close stayer at 
home ; lazy drone ; coward ; owl. 

Casao.de, kah-zack, sf. great coat with wide 
sleeves ; loose robe, morning-gown. 

Casaque (TOURNER), tOOr-nai-k'lh-Z'trJ:, y. 
1 r. to change sides, forsake one's party. 

Casaquin", kah-zah-kninfi, sm. short gown, 
bed-gown ; jerkin, jacket. 

Cascade, kass-kad, sf. cascade, waterfall, 
cataract ; unconnected discourse ; non- 
sense. 

Case, knhz, sf. point at backgammon; square 
in a draught-board ; hovel, mean house. 

Casemate, kahz-mat, sf. casemate, platform, 
vault or arch of stonework ; fox-hole. 

91 



CAS 



CAT 



1 ?•. to be or 

-ze, adj. brillle, 
snapped. 



head- 



CaSEMATER, kahz-mah-Vii. ra. 1 r. to fortify, 

erect bastions defended by a casemate. 
Caser, kuh-zai, tu. 1 r. to appoint to some 
office, if., invest; set in order; take a 
point at backgammon. 
Caserne, kah-zairn, sf. barrack, building to 

1 i Ige soldiers. 
Caserner, kah-zair-nai, va 

lodge in barracks. 
Casilleox, -se, leahse-yuhe, 
fragile, apt to break, easily 
Casimir, kuh-ze-meer, sm. cassimere, 
Casque, hash, sm. casque, helmet, 

piece, armor for the head. 
CassaiiE, kah-sad, sf. lib, story, falsehood, 

lie, Ham, sham. 
Cassades (donker des), do-nai-dey-1cah-sad, 
v. 1 ;•. to tell fibs, stories; romance, lie, 
forge, invent. 
Cassant, -e, kah-sang, -t, adj. fragile, brittle, 
apt to break, easily snapped or broken ; 
weak. 
Cassation, kass-sah-syong, sf. cassation, re- 
peal, abrogation, annulling. 
Cassave, kah-savoe, sf. cassavi-bread, flour] 

ofcassavi, arrow-mot. 
Casse, Icass, sf. cassia ; penease ; case ; break- 
ing of an officer; crucible, steel comb. 
Casse-cou, kass-koo, sm. break -neck, unsafe 

place, uneven ground; precipice. 
Casse-noisette, kuss-noo-ah-zett, sm. nut- 
crackers. 
Casse-.noix, ka^s-noo-ah, sm. walnut-crack- 
ers. 
Casse, -e, Jtah-sai, -e, adj. broken, old, in- 
firm, weak, trembling. 
Casser, kah-.iai, va. 1 r. to break, crack, 
bruise, crush, destroy ; repeal, abrogate, 
disband, suppress, turn out, dissolve. 
Cassek la tete a, kah-sai-laJi-teyte-ah, v. 1 r. 

to shoot ; blow out the brains. 
Se CASSer, suh'kah-sai, vref. to break, grow 

weak, old, infirm. 
Se CASSER I.A tete, suh-7cah~sai-ldh-teyte, 
ntf. to study too hard ; torment one's self. 
Se casser le cou. suh-kaji-gai-tuh-kooe, vref. 

to break one's neck ; ruin one's self. 
Casserole, kass-rol, sf. stewpau, a culinary 

utensil, saucepan. 
Casse-tete, Icasft-teyte, sm. heady wine, 

liquor, itc. ; puzzle-brain ; intent study. 
Cassette, kali-sett, sf. casket, small box for 

jewels or letters ; privy purse. 
Casseur, kah-svur, sm. strong, vigorous man; 

cracker, bouncer ; boaster, bragger. 
Casseur de raquettes, tcah-sur-duh-rah- 

kt-tt, sm. great boaster, braggadocio. 
Cassidoink, Jtass-se-doo-ann, sf. chalcedony, 

a precious stone. 
Cassier, kah-xym, sm. cassia-tree, a tree pro- 
ducing a sweet spice. 
Cassi.ne. kah-sren, sf. small country-house. 
Cassolette, kah-so-letl, sf. perfume bottle or 
pan, scent-bottle; odor, perfume; bad smell. 
Cassonade, kah-so-nad, sf. brown sugar, 

powdered sugar, sugar unrefined. 
Cassuke, kah-seure, sf. fracture, breach, 
separation, breaking of a bone, Ac. (vide 
obs. 4). 
Castagnettes, kass-tah-ing-yett, sfp. casta- 
nets, small shells of ivory or wood which 
dancers rattle. 
Caste, Jtast, sf. tribe, clan, distinct body or 
sect of people ; class, condition. 
93 



Oastille, kass-te-yvh, sf. altercation, dispute, 
debate, trilling quarrel. 

Castor, kass-tor, sm. castor, beaver, hat, 
beaver-hat. 

Castration, kass-trah-syong, sf. castration, 
act of gelding. 

Casoalite, kah-zeu-ah-le-tai, sf. casuality, 
accident, thing happening by chance ; per- 
quisite. 

Casuel, -le, kah-zen-el, adj. casual, acci- 
dental, fortuitous, unexpected, unforeseen, 
f agile. 

CaSUEL, kah-zeu-el, sm. profits, perquisites, 
casualties. 

CaSuellement, kali-zf-K-rl-mang, rid. casu- 
ally, accidentally, by chance, unexpected- 
ly, fortuitously. 

Casutste, kah-zeu-eest, sm. casuist, theologian 
who settles cases oi conscience, divine (vide 
obs. 4). 

Cataciirese, kah-tah-kreize, sf. catachre- 
sis, over-strained figure ; inconsistency of 
word-. 

Cataclysme, kith tah-kleessm, sm. cataclysm, 
inundation, deluge: shower-bath. 

Catacombes, kah-tah-Jcongha, sfp. catacombs, 
grottoes, vaults to bury the dead or heap 
bones. 

Catadoupe, kah-iah-doop, sf. waterfall, cat- 
aract, cascade, spout. 

Catafalque, kah-tah-falk, sm. funeral cano- 
py ; temporary monument set over a bier 
or coffin. 

Catalectes, kah-tah-lecJcte, smp. collection 
of poems, fragments, impeifect pieces. 

Catalepsie, kah-iah-lep-see, sf. catalepsis, 
momentary privation of sense and motion ; 
insensibility. 

Catalkpiique, kith tah-lep-teeJe, adj. catalep- 
tic, deprived of sense and motion, insensi- 
ble. 

Catalogue, kah-lahlng, sm. catalogue, list, 
roll, enumeration of particulars. 

Cataplasme. kah-tah-plassm, sm. cataplasm, 
poultice, plaster, soft mollifying applica- 
tion. 

Catapclte. Jeafi-tah-peult, sf. catapult, halis- 
ta, warlike engine to shoot stones ; cross- 
bow, brake-sling. 

Cataracte, kah-tah-rackt, sf. cataract. water- 
fall, cascade, spout; crystalline dimness, 
catarrh. 

Se CATARACTF.r., snTi-kah taJi-racJclai, vref. 
1 r. to giow dim, be affected with a crys- 
talline humor. 

Cataekhe, kah-tarhe, sm. catarrh, sharp 
serous deduction from the glands, suffusion 
of sight ; rheum. 
CATARRHEUX, -SE, Irili-tnl.-rnl '■/>, -Z'\ adj. 
catarrhous, proceeding from a catarrh, from 
a violent cold in the head. 

Catastrophe, kah-tass-troff, sf. catastrophe, 
chief and final event, fatal end, tragical 
conclusion. 

Catechiser, kah-tai-shee-zai, va. 1 r. to cat- 
echise, question, interrogate, examine; give 
instructions ; try to persuade ; give one his 
cue. 
OaTECHISME, Icah-tai-shrrssm. sm. catechism, 
questionary instruction concerning reli- 
gion. 
Catechiste, kahtai-shpcst, smf. catechist, in- 
structor in the fundamental principles of 
religion. 



CAU 



CAV 



CaTECHUMENE, kah-tai-ku-mnin, smf. cate- 
chumen, novice iu the rudiments of Christi- 
anity. 

Categorie, kah-tai-go-ree, sf. category, 

class, rank, predicament ; order of ideas ; 
nature, quality, character. 

Categoriquem k.nt, kah - tad-go ■ reek-mang, 
ad. categorically, with precision, timely ; 
pertinently, completely. 

Cathartiqce, kah-lar-"(eek, adj. cathartic, 
purgative. 

CaTHEDRale, kahtai-dral, sf. cathedral, 
head church of a diocese, episcopal church. 

Cathedrant, kah-tai-drdng, em. professor, 
lecturer ; president at a thesis. 

Catholicisms, kah-lo-le-seessm, sm. catholi- 
Cism, catholic religion, adherence to the 
catholic church. 

Cathoi.icite. kah-tn-le-se-tai, sf. Catholicism, 
catholic faith, catholic adherence ; catholic- 
church or country. 

Catholicox, kak-to-le-7cong, sm. catholicon, 
electary, universal medicine. 

('atuouque, kah-to-leek, adj. catholic, uni- 
versal, general. 

Catholique, kah-to-leek, smf. Roman Cath- 
olic, papist, adherer to the communion of 
the pope and church of Rome. 

CatholiQDEMEKT, kah-to-leek- / mavg , ad. in 
a catholic manner, like a catholic. 

Cati, kah-te, sm. starching, stiffening ; gloss, 
lustre ; preparation to hide the defects of 
cloth. 

Catimiri (e>"), ang-kah-te-me-ne, ad. secret- 
ly, slyly, by stealth, clandestinely, pri- 
vately. 

Catin, kah-taing. sf. immodest woman, wan- 
ton, rambler, strumpet. 

Catik, Jcah-teer, ra. 2 r. to stiffen, starch ; 
gloss ; press ; hot-press defective cloth or 
stuff. 

Catoptrique, kah-lop-lreek, sf. catoptrics, 
vision by reflection. 

Cacchemar, koashrfnar, sm. night-mare, in- 
cubus, morbid oppression in the night upon 
the breast. 

Cacchemar (doxxer le), donai-hdi-knash- 
mar, r. 1 r. to tell long tedious stories ; tire, 
lull to sleep. 

Cacdataire, ko-dah-tayre, sm. train-bearer; 
attendant, page. 

Caudebec. lcode - beck, sm. caudcbec hat, 
coarse hat made of wool. 

Causalite. ko-zahle-tai, sf. causality, agen- 
cy, quality of causing. 

Caosatif, -ve, ko-zah-teef -teev, adj. causa- 
tive, expressive of a cause or reason. 

Cause, koze, sf. cause, reason, motive, oc- 
casion ; interest ; lawsuit ; trial, right. 
Eire en cause, to sue one at law. 

Cause u'appel, koze-dah-pel, sf. action upon 
appeal. 

Cacse de (A), ah-koze-duh, prep, for, on ac- 
count of, for the sake of. 

CacSER, ko-zai, ra. 1 r. to cause, effect, pro- 
duce, occasion, excite ; criticise, blame, 
slander. 

Causer, ko-zai, vn. 1 r. to talk, blab, prattle, 
babble, speak ill of. 

Cacserie, koze-ree, sf. chattering; babble, 
idle talk, senseless prattle, chit-chat, slan- 
der. 

Cacsf.CR, -se, ko-zur, -zuhze, smf. talker, 
babbler, prater, prattler, slanderer. 



CATTSEUSE, ko-zuhze, sf small sofa ; conver- 
sation, stool. 

Cacsticite, kass-te-se-tai, sf. severity of lan- 
guage, satirical Barcasm, mordant expres- 
sion or style. 

Cacstique, koss-teck, adj. caustic, corrosive ; 
satirical, mordant, censorious. 

Cauteleusemext, kote - luhze - tn&ng, ml. 
cautelously, warily, slyly, craftily, with 
cunning. 

Cadteleux, -se, kott-luhe, -ze, adj. cautelous, 
prudent, cautious; cunning, sly, artful. 

Cautere, ko-tayre, sm. cautery, artificial 
ulcer, issue. 

Cauterisation, ko-tai-re-zah-syovg, sf. cau- 
terization, burning with hot irons. 

Cauteriser, ko-tai-re-zai, xa. \r. to cau- 
terize, burn with a caustic or burning ap- 
plication. 

Caution, ko-syong, sf. security, bail, surety, 
insurance, guarantee. 

Cactiox (£tre scjet, -te A), eytr-seU-ltjayt- 
ah - ko - syong, v. aux. to be doubtful, sus- 
picious, not to be trusted. 

Caution bocrgeoise, ko ■ syong - boor - lijqo- 
ahae, sf. good security. 

Cautionnement, ko-syon-mang, sm. cau- 
tioning, bailing, becoming security ; mort- 
gage. 

Cactioxner, kp-syo-nai, va. 1 r. to bail, 
guarantee ; be answerable for. 

Cavalcade, kab-val-kad, sf. cavalcade, pro- 
cession on horseback ; short journey on 
horseback. 

Catalcadocr, kah-ral-kah-door, sm. equer- 
ry, master of the horse. 

Cavale, kah-val, sf. mare (the female of a 
horse). 

Cayalerie, kah-xal-ree, sf. cavalry, horse 
troops, horse. 

Cavalier, kah-vah-b/ai, sm. cavalier, horse- 
man ; knight ; trooper ; gentleman ; spark. 

Cavalier, -e, kah-zah-lyai, -re, adj. cava- 
lier ; gay, sprightly; free, easy ; brave, 
generous"; haughty ; blunt, disdainful. 

Cavaliere (A la), ah-lah-lah-rah-h/ayre, 
ad., exp. gentlemanly ; arrogantly, disdain- 
fully. 

Cavai.ieremext, kah-rah-lyayre-mang, ad. 
cavalierly, bluntly, rudely, haughtily. 

Cave, kav, sf. cave, cellar, vault ; case for 
bottles ; stake at play ; flagon ; hollow, 
cavern, den. 

Caveau, -x, p. kah-m, -e, p. sm. small cel- 
lar, vault in a church, repository for the 
dead. 

Cavee, Jcah-vaie, sf. subterraneous way, hol- 
low way, arched way. 

Cavei:, i.ah-cai, va. 1 r. to hollow, mine, 
deepen ; lay down a sum of money at cards, 
equal the stakes. 

Cavehke, kah-vairn, sf. cavern, hollow 
place in the ground. 

Cayerxecx, -se, kah-vair-nujie, -se, adj. 
cavernous, hollow, excavated, full of cav- 
erns. 

CaveSSON, kav-song, sm. cavesson, snaffle, 
nose-band, muzzle, check, bit for a bridle. 

Caviar, kah-ri/ar, sm. caviare, eggs of a 

sturgeon salted. 
Cavin, kah-vaing, sm. defile, hollow way 

favoring the approaches to a place. 
Cavite, kah- re-tat, sf. cavity, hollow, hol- 
lownese. 

93 



CEL 



CEN 



Ce, cet, cette, ces, suh, set, sett, scy, de- 
mon, art. this, that, these, those. 

Ce, suh, sm. this, that, it. 

Ce que, Kuh-Icuh, sm. what, that, which. 

C'est a savoir, to wit. A ce que, that. 

C'est pouuquoi, sei-poor-hio-ah, ad. there- 
fore, for tills, for that, for this reason ; in 
recompense. 

Ce n'est PAS QUE, suh-nei-pah-kuh, conj. 
sub. not that. 

Ceans, sai-ang, ad. within, at home, here. 

Ceans (le maiTice de), Itih-mnytr-duh-sai- 
ang, sm. the master of this house. 

Ceci, suh-se, demon, pron. m. this, these, 
this thing, these things. 

Cecite, sai-se-tui, sf. cecity, blindness, pri- 
vation of sight. 

Cedant, -e, sai-dang, -t, sm/. granter. 

Ceder, sai-dai, va. 1 r. to cede, yield, re- 
sign, give up ; make over. 

Ceder, sai-dai, vn. 1 r. to yield, submit, 
obey, listen to, follow, give up ; be over- 
come. 

Ceiiille, sai-de-yuh, sf. comma placed under 
c, thus c, before a, o, u, to give it the sound 
of s. 

Cedrat, sai-drah, sm. lime, lemon, citron, 
lemon-tree, &c. ; citron-water. 

Cedre, saidr, sm. cedar, cedar-tree. 

Cedule, sai-deul, sf. bill, promissory note ; 
appeal ; removal of a cause to a superior 
court. 

Ceignant, say-ing-yang, pres. part, of cein- 
dre, girdling. 

Ceignis, say-ing-yee, pret. def. of ceindre, 
inclosed. 

Ceindre, saingdr, va. 4 irr. to inclose, en- 
circle, surround ; girdle, put on. 

Ceins, suing, pres. ind. ot ceindre, girdle. 

Ceint, suing, p. part, of ceindre, girdled. 

Ceintre, -e, suing -trai, -e, adj. arched, 
vaulted, curvated, inflected. 

Ceinturs, saing -teure, sf. girdle, waist, 
zona, belt, cincture, ce.stus ; inclosure, cir- 
cumference. 

Ceinturette, saing-teu-rett, sf. thin leather 
belt, ornamental band round the waist. 

Ceintuuikr, saing-teu-ryai, sm. gilder, belt 
maker or seller. 

Ceinturon, suing -teu-rong, sm. belt, leather 
girdle, sillc, <tc. ; band (vide obs. -i). 

Cela, slah or suh-ldh, demon. pron. m. that, 
that thing, those, those things, so. 

Celadon, sai-lnh-dong, sm. sea-green, ceru- 
lean color ; man of refined sentiments. 

Celebrant, sai - lai - brang, sm. officiating 
priest or clergyman. 

Celebration, sai-lai-brah-syong, sf. cele- 
bration, solemn performance, solemnly ; 
praise. 

Cele3Re, sai-lebr, adj. celebrious, famous, 
renowned. 

QELE3RER, sai-lii-brai, va. 1 r. to celebrate, 
extol, commend, praise ; solemnize, dis- 
tinguish by solemn rites. 

CELE3KITE, sai - lai - bre - tai, sf. celebrity, 
solemnity, renown, glory, fame. 

C&LER, sai-lai, ra. 1 r. to conceal, hide, keep 
secret, not to divulge. 

Se Cei/er, siih-sai-lai, vref. to shut one's self 
up, see nobody, lead a solitary life. Se 
i'n in- cell r, to deny one's self. 

Cel"HI, sail-re, sm. celery, esculent plant. 
Ctlerl den marais, smallage. 
94 



Celerite, sai-lai-re-tai, sf celerity, swift- 
ness, speed, velocity, rapidity. 

Celeste, sai-lcst, adj. celestial, heavenly ; 
excellent, extraordinary, very beautiful. 

Celestin, sai- bus - tiling, sm. celestine; a 
monk of the order of St. Benedict. 

Celestine, sai-less-teen, sf. celestine, nun of 
the order of St. Benedict. 

Celieat, sai le.-bah, sm. celibacy, single life, 
unmarried state. 

Celibataire, sai-le-balitayre, smf. and adj. 
unmarried man or woman ; of celibacy. 

Celle, sell, demon, pron. f. she, she who, 
that. 

Celles, sell, p. they, they who, that. 

Cellerier, -e, sell-ryai, -re, smf. purveyor, 
caterer, cellarist in a religious house. 

Cellier, say-tyai, sm. cellar, slote-room 
even with the ground, for wine, &c. 

Cellule, say-hut, sf. cell, small room, re- 
treat ; honeycomb (vide obs. 4). 

Celui, s. ceux, p. suh-ieu-e, suite, p. demon, 
pron. he, they, that, those (vide obs. 4). 

Celui-ci, celle-ci, suh - leu- e- see, sell-see, 
demon, pron. this, this man, this woman. 

Celui-la, celle-la, suh-leu-cd ib, nU-lah, 
demon, pron. that, that man, that woman. 

Cement, sai -many, sm. cement, adhesive 
substance ; bond of union. 

Cementation, sai-maug-lah-syong, sf. ce- 
mentation, cementing. 

Cementer, sai-mang-tai, va. to cement. 

Cendiie, sangdr, sf. ashes ; remains of any 
thing burnt ; relics. 

Cendre, -e, sang-drai, -e, adj. ash-colored, 
ashy, inclined to a whitish gray. 

Cendree, sang-draie, sf. dross of lead ; small 
shot. 

Cendreux, -SE, sang-druhe, -ulize, adj. cin- 
erulent, lull of ashes, covered with ashes. 

Cendrier, sang - die -yui, sm. ash hole or 
pan ; seller or gatherer of ashes. 

Ce.se, seyne, sf the Lord's supper, commu- 
nion, sacrament. 

Cenelle, sai-nett, sf. hollyhock berry ; small 
red berry. 

Cenobite, sai-no-beet, sm. cenobite, monk 
living in community. 

Cenobitique, sai-no-be-teek, adj. cenobi;icai, 
living in community. 

Cenotaphe, sai-no-taff, sm. cenotaph, empty 
mausoleum. 

Cens, sangsse, sm. cense ; quit-rent ; free- 
hold ; fee-tail ; census. 

Cense, sangsse, sf. farm, small farm, land 
let in small portions. 

Cense, -e, sang -sai, -e, adj. accounted, 
reckoned, reputed, considered. 

Censkur, seing-sur, sin. censor ; censurer ; 
critic, inspector, controller of the press. 

Cen'Sier, -e, sang-syni, -re, smf. lo d of a 
manor; farmer of a small firm, freeholder. 

Censitairk, sang-se-tnyre., smf. tena.it pay- 
ing a quit-rent, copy-holder. 

Censurable, sang-seu-rabl, adj. censurable, 
blamable, culpable, deserving reproof (vide 
obs. 4). 

Censure, sang-seur, sf. censure, blame, rep- 
rimand, reproof; judgment, opinion; in- 
terdiction. 

Censure;;, sung-seu-rni, ra. 1 r. to censure, 
blame; condemn, criticise; find fault with. 

Cent, sang, sm. and num. adj. cent, hundred; 
hundred-weight ; many. 



CEK 



TER 



Centaine, aang-taine, .-/'. hundred; eight 

dozens and foiir of, Ac. ; great number of. 
Cbntaurb, riang-tor, am. centaur, monster, 

half man half horse ; archer in the zodiac. 

Cent AU REE, aang-to-roie, sf. centaury (a 
plant). 

rnsATRE, sangi-nnyre, em/, and adj. cen- 
tei.ary ; consisting of a hundred years. 

Cen tenter, sangte - ni/'ii, sm. centurion, 
officer commanding a hundred men ; cap- 
tain. 

Centieme, sang-tyem. adj. hundredth. 

Centigrade, nang-te-grah l,.a .•',.'• centigrade. 

Cbntigramme, eang-te-grahm, sm. centi- 
gram (weight). 

Centos, aang-tona, sm. cento, rhapsody, 
composition of scraps from various authors. 

Central^ -e, sang-tral, adj. central, of the 
centre, relating to the centre. 

Cent::;:, sangtr, sm. centre, middle; prin- 
cipal point ; heart, clement. 

Centrifuge, aang-lre-feuhje, adj. centrifu- 
gal, receding from the centre (vide obs. 4>. 

CENTRIPETE, snnrj-tre-pett, adj. centripetal, 
tending to the centre. 

Centuple, .s mg4eu.pl, sm. and adj. centuple ; 
hundred-fold (vide obs. 4). 

Ckntlfler, sang-teu-plai, ra. 1 r. to cen- 
tuplicate, make a hundred-fold (vide obs. 4). 

Centuriateur, sang-teu-re-ah-tur, em. cen- 
turiator, historian distinguishing times by 
centuries. 

Centcrie, sang-teu-ree, sf century, age, 
hundred years (vide obs. 4). 

Centurion, sang-teu-ryang, fin. centurion, 
officer who commands a hundred men, cap- 
tain. 

Csp, °a», sm. vine, plant that bears the grape. 

Cependant, suh-pang-dang or epang-dang, 
ad. yet, for all that, nevertheless ; in the 
mean time. 

Cependant, suh-pang-dang, conj. neverthe- 
I .-. however, notwithstanding that. 

CEi'UALALGiE,sa£-/a't-fa^-''jee: sf. cephalalgy, 
headache. 

CBphalique, sai-faMeeli; adj. cephalic, re- 
lating to the head, good for the head. 

Ce::at, sai-rah, am. cerate, oi.ttmer.t mad 
of wax and oil, healing pomatum or plaster 

Ceudere, aair-bayr, sm. ce.berus; irg o 
hell with three heads ; brutal porter, jailer, 
<fcc. : saltpetre ; constellation. 

Cekceau. -x. p. nt ■-*>, -e, p. .«»;. hoop, ring, 
net ; any thing circular ; circle. 

Cf.rcelle. eair-eell, a/, teal, wild water-fowl. 

Cercle, aairkl, sm. circle, circular band, 
hoop ; ring, circumference ; assembly, 
company, series. 

Cercl::r, aair-ktai, va. \ r. to hoop, en- 
circle, encompass, surround, confine ; move 
round. 

Cerclier, sair-ldeyai, sm. hooper, cooper, 
maker or seller of hoops. 

Cercceil, suir-kuh-yuh, sm. coffin, tomb, 
dea. h. 

Cercceil (mettre au), mcttr-o-sair-kuh- 
yuh, v. 4 irr. to cause the death of one. 

Ceremonial, sui-rai-mo-nyal, sin. ceremo- 
nial, outward form ; ritual, book of rites 
and forms in the Romish church. 

Ceremonial, -e, sairai-mo-nyal, adj. cere- 
monial, formal, stiff; observant of old 
forms. 

Cekfmonie, sai-rai- mo -nee, sf. ceremony, 



outward right, external form in religion ; 
formality. 

CEREIIONIE itraiter EN), trai-tui-any-sai- 
rai-mo-nee, v. 1 r. to give a magnificent 
repast. 

Ceuemonieux, -se, aai-rai-mo^nyvihe, -ee, 
adj. ceremonious, formal, full (if ceremony. 

Cerf, serif*, am. stag; hart, male red deer. 

Cerfeuil, siur-i'i'h-t/uk, sm. chervil, escu- 
lent and umbelliferous plant ; soil of pars- 
ley. 

Ceri-volant, sair-vo-lang. sm. paper kite; 
scarab, horn beetle. 

CERISAIE, suh-re-zaie, sf. plantation of cher- 
ry-trees. 

CERISE, suh-reeze, sf. cherr}- ; red color. 

Cerisier, auh-reesyai, am. cherry-tree. 

Cerne, saint, am. circle traced upon the 
earth or sand; black rim round the eye-, 
livid color round a sore. 

Cerneau, -x, p. stir-no, -e, p.sm. half of the 
kernel of an unripe walnut. 

Cerner, sair-nai, va. 1 r. to dig round a 
tree, take out the kernel of an unripe wal- 
nut. 

Cernes (avoir les tecx), ah-voo-ar-ley- 
zyuhe-sair-naie, r. aux. to have one's eyes 
surrounded with black and blue spots. 

Certain, sair -taing, sm. certainty, that 
which is real and fixed. 

Certain pour l'incertain (quitter le), 
ke-lai-luh-sair-taing- poor-laing-aair-taing, 
v. 1 r. to quit a certainty for an uncertainty. 

Certain, -e, aair-taing, -tain. adj. certain, 
sure, true, indubitable ; fixed, determined ; 
some. 

Certain (before a noun, indefinite, as), Us 
CERTAIN homme, ttng-sair-tavng-nom, a 
certain man. 

Certain (after a noun, definite, as), Us 
HOMME certain, ung-nom-sair-taing, s. 
man that can be relied upon. 

Certainement, sair-tain-mang, ad. cer- 
tainly, surely, assuredly, without fear or 
doubt. 

Ceutes, sairt, ad. certes, certainly ; in 
truth, indeed, truly. 

Certificat, sair-te-fe-kah, sm. certificate, 
testimony, written evidence. 

CertifiCatedr, sarr-te-fe-Jmh-tur, ««. vouch- 
er, security for a security. 

Certification, aair-te-fe-kah-syong, sf. at- 
testation, testimcn3% evidence, confirmation. 

Certifier, eair-te-fyai, va. 1 r. to certify, 
attest, give evidence ; bail, secure a secu- 
rity. 

Certitude, sair-te-teud, sf.. certitude, cer- 
tainty, exemption from doubt, full assu- 
rance. 

Cerumen, sai-reu-men, sm. cerumen, wax of 
the ear (vide obs. 4). 

Ceruse, sai-reuze, sf ceruse, white-lead. 

Cervaison, sair-vai-zong, sf. stag-hunting 
season ; time for venison. 

Cerveau, x, p. sair-vo, -e, p. sm. brain, tm- 
derstanding, sense, judgment. 

Ceeveau (s'alembiquer le), a'ah-lang-be- 
kai-hih-sairvo, vref. 1 r. to puzzle one's 
brains about. 

Cerveau creux (avoir le), ah-voo-ar-luh- 
sair-i:o-kruhe, v. aux. to be a little crack- 
brained. 

Cervelas, sairv-lah, sm. thick short saus- 
age, large gut filled with minced meat. 

93 



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Cervelet, sairv-lay. sm. back part of the 
head, hind part of the brain. , 

Cervelle, sair-vell, .<-/. brain ; reason, sense, 
judgment, understanding, intellect. Tenir 
quelqu'un en cervelle, to keep in suspense. 

Cervelle (tete Saks), teytesang-sdirrvell, 
sf. blundering, hare-brained person. 

Cervical, -e, wir-ve Teal, adj. cervical, be- 
longing to tbe upper part of the neck. 

Cervier (louf), loo - sair • vyai, sm. lynx, 
spotted beast remarkable for speed and 
sharp sight. 

Ces, sey, demon, art. prnf. these, those. 

Cesar, sai-zar, sm. Roman emperor ; em- 
peror ; great general ; very brave man. 

Cess ant, -e, sai-sang, -t, adj. ceasing, sus- 
pended, stopped, discontinued. 

Cessante (toute affaire), toot-dk-faire-sai- 
sangt, ad. exp. before anything; first of 
all ; at first. 

Cessation, sessah-syong, sf. cessation, in- 
termission, discontinuance, interruption. 

Cesse, sess, sf. (used without any article be- 
fore it), cease, ceasing, pause, intermission, 
interruption. 

Cesse (sans), sang-sess, ad. exp. incessantly, 
•without ceasing, without intermission, al- 
ways. 

Cesser, say-sai, va. n. 1 r. 10 cease, leave 
oil', discontinue, stop, give over ; fail ; be 
at an end. 

Cessible, sess-seeble, adj. cessible, that may 
be ceded, easy to give away. 

Cession, sai-syong, sf. cession, transfer, res- 
ignation, giving up. 

Cessionnaire, sai-syo-nayre, smf. and adj. 
cessionary ; granter ; grantee. 

Ceste, sest, sm. cestus, girdle ; leather gaunt- 
let lined with lead for pugilists. 

Cesure, sai-zeur, sf. cesura, last syllable of 
a word beginning the next foot ; pause, rest. 

Cet, nay (before a vowel or h mute), m. ; 
cette, set, f. demon, art. this, that. 

Cet ace, -e, sai-tah-sai, -e, adj. cetaceous, 
of the whale kind. 

Ceux, celles, suhe, sell, demon, pron. mfp. 
they, these, those. 

Chablage, shah-blahje, sm. fees or labor of 
a water-officer, tidesman, tide waiter. 

Chabler, shaJi-blai, va. 1 r. to fasten a cable 
to, to raise, lift up, drag, &c. 

Chablis, shah-blee, sm. boughs, branches 
broken down by the wind, wind-broken 
branches. 

Chabot, shah-bo, sm. miller's thumb, bull- 
head, small fish living in brooks. 

Chacun, -e, shah-kung-lceunn, pron. indef. 
every one, each. (This pronoun is never 
used with a noun.) 

Chafouin, -e, shu-foo-aing, -een, smf. and 
adj. mean-looking person ; lean, ugly, 
little ; polecat. 

Chagrin, shah-graing, sm. chagrin, ill-hu- 
mor, vexation, displeasure, affliction, 
trouble, spite, anger; sadness, melan- 
choly ; shagreen. 

Chagrin, -e, shah-graing, -green, adj. mel- 
ancholy, sad, morose. 
Chagrinant, -e, shah-g re-nan g, -f, adj. vex- 
atious, afflictive, troublesome, morose. 
Chagrine, -e, shah-gre-nai, -e, adj. made in 

imitation of shagreen. 
Chagrin er, sha-grc-nai, va. 1 r. to chagrin, 
grieve, vex ; afflict, cause trouble or sorrow. 
96 



Se chagriner, suh-shah -gre -nai, vref. to 
fret, grieve, vex one's self. 

Chaine, sheine, sf. chain ; warp; link ; ridge ; 
bond ; series, concatenation, continuity. 

Chaineau, -x, p. shai-no, -e, p. sm. wooden 
or leaden pipe, gutter. 

Chainetier, sheine-tyai, sm. chain-maker. 

Chainette, shci-rtctt, sf. small chain of a 
watch, &c. ; curb chain ; necklace. 

Chainon , shei-nong, sm. ring, link of a chain. 

Chair, shair, sf. flesh meat ; skin, complex- 
ion ; carnality ; corporal appetites, human 
nature, man. 

Chair vive, shair -veer, sf, quick, quick 
flesh, sensible parts. 

Chaire, shairc, sf. pulpit; professorship; 
presidentship ; divinity ; bishop's see ; ora- 
tory. 

Chaise, shayze, sf. chair, seat, arm-chair ; 
chaise ; sedan, post-chaise ; frame. 

Chaland, -e, shah-larig, -d, smf. buyer, pur- 
chaser, customer ; flat -bottomed boat. 

Chale, shah!, sm. shawl. 

Chalet, shah-lay, sm. hut, cabin in Switzer- 
land where cheese is made. 

Chaleur, shah-lur, sf. heat, warmth ; ar- 
dor, vivacity, fire ; strong affection, zeal, 
passion. II fait line grande chaleur, very 
hot weather. 

Chaleureusement, «7ia7i - luh - ruhze - mang, 
ad. ardently. 

Chaleureux, se, shall -bdi-ruhe, -ruhze, adj. 
ardent ; glowing ; animated ; having nat- 
ural heat. 

Chalodpe, shah-loop, sf. shallop; small ves- 
sel, sloop ; long-boat. 

Chalumeau, -x, p. shahdeu-mo. -e, p. sm. 
stalk of straw, reed ; tube, siphon ; pipe, 
cylinder ; flute, flageolet (vide obs. 4). 

Chalumet, shah-leu-may, sm. end of a pipe, 
small tube, siphon (vide obs. 4). 

Chamade, shah-mad, sf. chamade, beat of 
drum declaring a surrender or parley. 

Chamailler, shah-mahyai, vn, 1 r. to fight, 
scuffle, wrangle, dispute, altercate, vocifer- 
ate. 

Chamaillis, shah- mail -yee, sm. squabble, 
dispute, quarrel ; skirmish, affray, riot. 

Chamarre, -e, shah-mah-rai. -e, adj. em- 
broidered, laced ; bombastic, pompous, 
high-sounding. 

Chamarrer, shah-mah-rai, va. 1 r. to em- 
broider, lace ; cover, load, overcharge ; 
daub. 

Chamarrure, shah -mail- reure, sf. lacing, 
embroidery, lace-ornament ; galloon, trim- 
ming ; daubing (vide obs. 4). 

Chambellan, shang-bay-lang, sm. chamber- 
lain, officer of the king's chamber. 

Chambranle, shang-brangle, sm. jambs of a 
door or window ; mantlepiece. 

Chambre, shangbr, sf. chamber, room ; hall, 
court of justice. Chambre a cow her, bed- 
chamber. Robe de chambre, night-gown. 
Faire la chambre, to sweep the room. 

Chambre haute, shang-bruh-hote, sf. house 
of lords. 

Chambre basse or des communes, shangbr- 
bass or dei-lco-meun, sf. house of commons. 

Chambree, shang-biaie, sf. sleeping-rocm ; 
room full of people, full house ; night's re- 
ceipt. 

Chambrelan, shangbr -lang, sm. chamber 
workman ; lodger who occupies one room. 



CI LV 



CHA 



ChaKBRER, shajig-bn i", vn. 1 r. to mess, live 
together in the same room; speak pri- 

CHAMBRETTE, shang -brett, sf. small room, 
closet. 

Chamsrier, shang-bre-yai, son. chamberlain, 
■r who lias the care of ihe chambers. 

CHAHBRIERE, sluing -bre-yayre, sf. chamber- 
maiil ; housekeeper ; bed-candlestick ; cart- 
prop. 

CHAMBRILLON, shang-bre-yong, s/. very young 
chambermaid, young maid-servant. 

CHAMEAU, -\, p. shah-mo, -c, p. smf. camel, 
beast of burden, camel-hair; Dutch pontoon. 

OiiAMf.Lir.il, shum-lyni, am. camel -driver. 

Ohamelle, shah-mal, sf. she-camel. 

Chamois, shah-moo-ah, am. chamois, wild- 
goat ; shammy-leather. 

ChamOISEUR, shah-moo-ah-zur, sm. shammy- 
leather dresser ; glover. 

Champ, shang, sm. field, ground; matter, 
subject, occasion ; space, compass, extent. 
Gagner lea champs, to run away. 

Champ de bataille, shang-dnh-liah-lah-yuh, 
sm. field of battle. 

Champ CLOS, shang-ldoe, sm. inclosure, in- 
closed ground ; list. 

Champ (sur le\ aevr4ch-shang, ad. cxp. 
immediately, without delay ; upon the spot. 

Champ (a tout bout de), ak-too-boo-duh- 
ehang, ad. cxp. every moment, incessant- 
ly, without ceasing. 

Champs (maisondes), thaysdng-dey-sJtangTie, 
sf. country seat, country house, villa. 

Champs (ALLER aux), ah-lui-oc-shanghc, r. 
1 irr. to go to the country. 

Champs (battre aux), battr-oe-shanghe, v. 
4 irr. to decamp, march off. 

Champs (se mettre aux), auh-meitr-oe- 
shanghe, vref. 4 irr. to fall in a passion. 

Champs et V autre a la ville (avoir on 
ceil aux), ah-voo - ar - ung - nuh - yuh -oe - 
shanghe - ai - Vof.tr - all - lah - reel, to have a 
watchful eye upon every thing. 

CHAMPAGNE, shang-pah-ing-yjh, sf. cham- 
pagne, excellent wine. 

CHAMPART, shang-par, sm. field-rent, rent 
upon some manorial lands. 

Champaiiter, shang-par-tai, ra. 1 r. to col- 
lect field-rents. 

Champarteur, shang -p>ar-tur, sm. collector 
of field-rents. 

ChampLtre, shang-peytr, adj. rural, rustic, 
suiting the country ; plain, simple, honest. 

Champignon, ahang-peeng-yong, sm. mush- 
room ; bright spot in the wick of a candle. 

Champion" onniere, tshang-peeng-yo-nyayre, 
sf. mushroom -bed. 

Champion, shang -pynng, am. champion, 
combatant, stout warrior, hero. 

Chance, shangsse, sf. chance, hazard, for- 
tune, good-luck ; disgrace, ill-luck ; mis- 
fortune, displeasure. 

Chancelant, -e, s/t'tngsse-hing, -t, adj. tot- 
tering, infirm, unsteady ; wavering, unde- 
termined, irresolute. 

Chanceler, shangsse-lai, vn. 1 r. to totter, 
reel, vacillate, waver ; stagger ; be irreso- 
lute ; unsettled. 

Chancelier, sliangssedyai, sm. chancellor, 
officer of the highest power and dignity. 

Chanceliere, shangssc-lyayre, sf. chancel- 
lor's lady ; box or basket lined with fur to 
keep the feet warm. 
(5) 



Ciiancellemlnt, aha ng-sell-mang, sm. reel- 
ing, tottering, unsteadiness; irresolution, 

wavering. 
Chancellerie, shang-stll-ree, sf. chancer} , 

court of equity and conscience. 
Chanceux, -se, shang-suhe, -se, adj. luckj 

unlucky.fortuitous, chanceable, accidental, 

casual. 
Chancir, shang-seer, vn. 2 r. to grow mouldy. 
Se chancir, auh-shang-aeer, vref. to grow 

mouldy. 
Chancissure, ehangse-seure, sf. mouldiness, 

State of being mouldy (vide obs. 4). 
Chancre, shang!. r, sm. chancre, virulent 

and poisonous ulcer, caries ; canker-worm 

destructive to trees. 
Chancreux, -SB, shang -Icruhc, -ze, adj. 

chancrous, ulcerous ; worm-eaten, rotten. 
Chandeleur, shapgde-lmr, sf. candlemas, 

purification of the Blessed Virgin. 
Chandelier, ehangde-lydi, sm. candlestick, 

chandelier ; chandler, candle maker or 

seller. 
Chandelle, shang -dell, sf. candle, light 

made of wax or tallow. Chandelle de glace, 

icicle, — de veille, rushlight. 
Chandelle (se brCler a la), suh-breu-lai- 

ah-lahshang-dell, vref. to run into danger 

in avoiding it (vide obs. dt). 
Ohanfrein, shang-fraing, sm. forehead of a 

horse ; black plume of feathers for its head. 
Change, shanghje, sm. exchange ; change ; 

bank ; interest ; place of exchange. Per 

dre an change, to lose by the bargain. 

Faire le change, to be a banker. Prendre 

le change, to mistake. 
Change (donner le), do-nailuh-shanghje, 

to deceive, cheat, defraud, impose upon. 
Changeant, -e, shang hjung, -t, adj. incon- 
stant, volatile, unsteady, changeable, fickle. 
Changement, shanghje-rnahg, sm. change, 

alteration, revolution, variation, variety, 

mutation. 
Changer, shang -hjai, va. 1 r. to change, 

alter, barter, transform, displace. 
Changer de, shang-hjai-duh, vn. 1 r. to put 

on, change, remove to, turn over. 
Se changer, suh- shang -hjai, vref'. to 

change, shift ; correct, mend, alter one's 

conduct. 
CiiANGEUR, sliang-hjur, sm. banker, money- 
changer, stock-broker. 
Chanlatte, shang-latt, sf. long piece of 

narrow board used to support the tiles of 

houses. 
Chanoine, shah-noo-ann, sm. canon, pre- 
bendary, dignitary in a cathedral church. 
Chanoinesse, shah-noo-ah-ness, sf. canon 

female prebendary ; nun of the order ot St. 

Augustine. 
Chanoinie, shah-noo-ah-nee, sf. canonry, 

benefice in a cathedral or collegiate church. 
Chanson', ehang-song, sf. song, ballad, lay, 

strain, tune ; trifle, thing. 
Chansons, shang-songhe, sfp. idle stories, 

trifles, nonsense, foolish conversation. 

Chansons que tout cela, nonsense. 

(HANSON (VOILA BIEN UN E AUTRE), VOO-ah 

lah-byaing-neun-otr -shang -song, idi. exp. it 

is quite another thing. 

Chansonner, shang-so nai, va. 1 r. to lam- 
poon, make songs again»t one. 

Chansonnette, slumg-so-nett, sf. little song, 
lay, love song, ditty. 

97 



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CHA 



Chansonniee, -e, shang-so-nyai, -re, smf. 
m:i!;er of sougs : ballad-singer ; collection 
of songs. 

Chant, shang, sm. singing, tune, air ; canto ; 
warbling ; crowing. Lejrtain-chaiUjChuTCh- 
music. 

Chant du coq, shang-deu-kock, sm. cock- 
crow ; daybreak ; dawn of day (vide obs. 4). 

Chantant, -e, shang-fang, -t, adj. singing ; 
musical, harmonious, tunable, suitable to 
songs. 

Chanteau, -X, p. shang-to, -e, p. sm. first 
cut of a loaf; first cut of the holy bread ; 
last plank of the bottom of a cask. 

Chantepleure, shangte-pluhr, sf. funnel, 
cock, pipe, spout. 

Chanter, shang-tai, va. 1 r. to sing ; praise, 
celebrate ; tell, scold, reprimand. 

Chanter pouilles a, s7iang-tai-pdo-yith-ah, 
v. to abuse, treat with rudeness. 

Chanter la gamme a, shang-tai-lah-gham, 
v. to check, reprimand, reprove, chide. 

Chanter, shang-tai, vn. 1 r. to sing ; speak ; 
squeak ; crow ; warble ; confess ; lug out ; 
pay ; consent. Pain a chanter, consecra- 
ted wafer. 

Chanterelle, shangte-rell, sf. treble string ; 
call-bird; musical glass. 

Chantecr, -Se, shang -tur, -tuhze, smf. 
singer. 

Ciiantier, shang-tyai, sm. wood-yard ; car- 
penter's shop ; beam under casks ; dock- 
yard ; place of the materials for build- 
ing. 

Chantourne, shang -toor-nai, sm. head-piece 
of a bed, covered with stuff. 

Chantre, shangtr, sm. chorister ; singer in 
cathedrals, in concerts ; singing-boy. 

Chantre du Parnasse, shangtr'-deu-par- 
nass, sm. poet, writer of poems or songs. 

Chantre du pont-neuf, shangtr-deupong- 
nuhf, smf. ballad-singer. 

Chanteerie, shang -truh-ree, sf. chantry ; 
chief chorister's prebend, office, <tc. 

Chanvke, shangur, sm. hemp, plant to make 
linen or ropes. 

Chanvrier, shang -vre-yai, sm. hemp dresser 
or seller. 

Chaos, kah-oe, sm. chaos ; confusion, dis- 
order, irregular mixture, medley. 

Chafe, shap, sf. cope, ornamental cloak 
worn by choristers of the Romish church ; 
ceremonial dress of cardinals, canons, <tc, 
chape ; flap of mittens. Trourer chape- 
chute, to find what is not looked for. 

Chapeau, -x, p. shah-po, -e, p. sm. hat for 
man or woman ; cardinalship, red hat. 

L'hapeau de fleers, shah-po-duh-jliilire,sm. 
wreath or crown of flowers. 

Chapeau a (donner cn coup de), do-nai- 
itng-kno-dtih-shah-po-ah, v. 1 r. to pull off 
one's hat to. 

Chapelain, shap-laing, sm. chaplain. 

Chapeler, shap-lai, va. 1 r. to chip, pare 
off the crust of bread, &c. 

Chapelet, shap-lay, sm. chaplet, string of 
beads ; garland, little beaded moulding. 

Chapelier, shap-le-yai, sm. hat maker or 
seller, hatter. 

Chapelle, shah-pell, sf. chapel ; benefice ; 
vault of an oven ; cover of an alembic. 

Chapelle ardente, shah-peU-ar-dangte, sf. 
lighted place where a corpse lies in state. 

Chapellenie, shah-i)cU-nce, sf. ehaplain- 
98 



ship, chapel, benefice, dignity of a chap- 
lain. 

Chapelure, shap-leur, sf. drippings, rasp- 
ings, fragments ; chips (vide obs. 4). 

Chaperon, shap-rong, sm. chaperon ; hood ; 
shoulder-knot ; duenna ; cope, flap of the 
holster ; cover of the touch-hole of a can- 
non. 

Chaperonner, shap-ro-nai, va. 1 r. to cope ; 
hoodwink ; fawn ; protect. 

Chapier, shahpyai, sm. cope-bearer, press 
with drawers for copes. 

Chapiteau, -x, p. shah-pe-to, -e, p. sm. 
chapiter; cornice, capital. 

Chapitre, shnh-peetr, sm. chapter; division 
of a book ; matter, subject ; assembly of 
the clergy, chapter-house. 

Chapitrer, shah-petrai, va. 1 r. to repri- 
mand in a full chapter ; reprove severely, 
chide. 

Chapon, shah - pong, sm. capon ; sop in 
broth ; crust of bread rubbed with garlic ; 
sucker. 

Chaponneau, -x, p. shah-po-no, -e, p. sm. 
young capon. 

Chaponner, shah-ponai, va. 1 r. to capon ; 
cut off the ears. 

Chaque, shack, disirib. prow. adj. (without 
pi. and always placed before a noun), each, 
every. 

Char, sliar, sm. car, chariot ; state coach ; 
cart. 

Charade, shah-rad, sf. charade, riddle, 
enigma ; dismembering of a word of which 
the several parts form a distinct word. 

Charanc^on, shaft -rang -song, sm. weevil, 
grub, breeding in corn. 

Charbon, shar-hong, sm. coal, cinder ; mil- 
dew ; anthrax, morbid swelling under the 
skin. 

Charbon de bois, shar-bong-duh-hoo-ah , sm. 
charcoal, coal made by burning wood. 

Charbon de tekre, shar-bong-duh-tayre, 
sm. pit-coal, fossil-coal. 

Charbonnee, shar -bo-naie, sf. layer of 
coals ; carbonado ; beefsteak, pork-chap ; 
sirloin or short rib of beef roasted. 

Charbonner, shar-bo-nai, va. 1 r. to daub 
with black ; draw with charcoal ; scribble 
upon the walls. 

Charbonneux, -se, shar-bo-nulie, -ze, adj. 
coaly, containing coal, burning. 

Charbonnier, -e, shar-bo-nyai, -re, smf. 
charcoal maker or seller, coal merchant, 
collier, coal hole, coal-ship ; simple man. 

Charbonniere, shar-bo-nyayre, sf. place 
where charcoal is made, colliery, coal- 
place, coal-woman. 

Charbouiller, shar -boo -yai, va. 1 r. to 
blight, blast, mildew, burn or nip the 
corns. 

Charcuter, shar-ku-tai, va. 1 r. to carve 
meat awkwardly, -hack, chop, mangle; 
perform an operation unskilfully. 

Charcuterie, shar-kute-rce, sf. hog's flesh ; 
trade of a pork butcher or seller. 

Charcutier, -e, sfiar-ku-tyai, -re, smf. pork 
butcher or seller. 

Chardon, shar - dong, sm. thistle ; sharp- 
pointed railing, spike-head ; carder's tool. 

Chardonner, shar-do-nai, va. 1 r. to card 
wool, nap cloth. 

Chardonneret, shar-donn-ray, sm. gold- 
fish, singing-bird. 



CIIA 



CHA 



CiiAuno.NxiKUE, shar-do-nyaffre, nf, ground 
lull ofihisiles. 

Charge, sharhje, »/. charge; load, burden; 
trust, care, custody; mandate, command ; 
commission, office, place, employment; 
cargo ; imputation, accusation ; tax, duty ; 
expense, cost ; order, power. Femme-de- 
charge, housekeeper. 

Charge, -e. — Couleur chargie, deep color. 
Portrait chargi, caricature. Table charyce, 
table crowded with guests. 

A la charge de or que, ah-lah-sharhje- 
duh or huh, ad. exp. on condition that; 
provided that. 

A la charge d'autant, ah-lah-sharhje-do- 
tuny, ad. exp. upon equal returns. 

Chargeant, -e, shar-hjang, -f, adj. tedious, 
tiresome, heavy ; cumbersome, burden- 
some, unwieldy. 

Chargement, sharhje-mang, sm. bill of la- 
ding ; freight ; permit. 

Chakgeoir, shar-hjoo-ar, sm. cannon's load; 
three-footed stool to load a scuttle upon. 

Charge!*, shar-hjai, va. 1 r. to load, fill, 
burden ; intrust, commission ; accuse, cen- 
sure ; command, attack, fall upon ; impose 
as ; impute as. 

Se charger de, suh-shar-hjai, vref. to load, 
burden one's self, take charge of; be an- 
swerable for ; grow dark. 

Chargeur, shar-hjur, sm. loader ; wood- 
meter ; owner of .a cargo. 

Chariot, shah-ryoh, sm. wagon, cart ; great 
bear, little bear. 

Charitable, shah-re-tail, adj. charitcible, 
beneficent, kind to the poor; liberal; in- 
dulgent. 

Ciiaritabi.ement, shah - re -tahl- many, ad. 
charitably, in a beneficent manner, liberal- 
ly, kindly. 

Ciiarite, shah-re-tai, sf. charity, good-will, 
benevolence; kindness; alms, succor; 
alms-house. 

Charite (faire i.A),faire-lah-shah-re-tai, v. 
4 irr. to give alms. 

Charivari, shah-re-rah-re, sm. ludicrous 
music of kettles and pans, mock serenade, 
uproar, quarrel, riot ; paltry music. 

Charlatan, sltar-lqh-tang, sm. charlatan, 
quack, mountebank ; impostor; bigot; 
hypocrite ; cajoler. 

Charlataner, shar-lah-tah-nni ', vn. 1 r. to 
puff up, gull, coax, wheedle, deceive, 
cheat ; praise one's self. 

Chalata>"eeie, shar-lah-tann-ree, sf. char- 
latanry, quackery ; imposition, cheat, puff- 
ing up". 

Chaulatanisme, shar-lah-tah-neessm, sm. 
quackery, charlatanry. 

Charmant, -e, shar-mang, -t. <i<lj. charm- 
ins:, pleasing, agreeable, bewitching, de- 
lightful. 

Ciiarme, sharm, sm. charm, allurement, 
fascination ; spell, philtre, attractive pow- 
er, horn-beam. 

Charmes, sharme, smp. charms, beauty, at- 
traction, elegant and pleasing manners. 

Charmer, ehar-mai, va. 1 r. to charm, en- 
chant, delight, ravish ; entrance, allay, 
soothe, mitigate, calm. 

Charmille, sliar-me-yuh, sf. hedge of yoke- 
elms ; plantation of yoke-elms. 

Ciiarnel, -le, shar-ndl, adj. carnal ; luxu- 
rious, sensual. 



CniRNELLEMENT, shar-nell-mang, ad. car- 
nally, according to the flesh. 

Chakniek, shar-vyai, sm. charnel-house; 
larder ; bundle of props ; water-cask. 

Ciiarniere, shar-nyayre, sf. hinge; small 
cylinders revolving upon a pivot. 

Chap.non, shar-nonij, sm. ring, one joint of 
a hinge. 

Charnu, -E, shar-neu, -e, adj. fleshy, plump, 
brawny ; pulpous, thick (vide obs. 4). 

Charnure, ghar-neur, sf. flesh, fleshy sub- 
stance, skin (vide obs. 4). 

Charogne, shah-ro-iug-ytih, sf. carrion, 
putrefied carcass, corrupted flesh unfit for 
food. 

Charfente, shar-pangte, sf. timber-work ; 
human frame ; structure of a work. 

Charfenter, shar-pnng-tui, va. 1 r. to hew, 
square timber ; bungle, work clumsily. 

Ciiarpenterie, shar-pangte-ree, sf. carpen- 
try, trade of a carpenter ; timber-work. 

Charpen'tier, shar-pang-tyai, sm. carpen- 
ter, artificer in wood ; botcher, rough 
workman. 

Charpie, shar-pee, sf. lint, scraped linen to 
lay on sores ; meat too much clone. 

Chaf.ree, shah-raie, sf. lye-ashes, essence of 
ashes drawn by frequent hot ablutions 
upon foul linens. 

Charretee, shar-taie, sf. cart-load, quanti- 
ty sufficient to load a cart. 

Charretier, shar-tyai, sm. carter, cart-dri- 
ver ; wagoner. 

Charrette, shah-relt, sf. cart, small cart 
with racks. 

Charriage, shah - ryahje, sm. carriage, 
transporting of goods, conveyance, remo- 
val, expense of carriage. 

Charrif.r, shah-ryai, sm. coarse bucking- 
tub-cloth, used in washing to prevent the 
ashes from mixing with the linen. 

Ciiarrier, shah-ryai, va. 1 r. to carry, 
bear, convey from a place ; deposit, lay 
up. 

Charriot, shdh-ryo, sm. (vide Chariot). 

Charroi, 8hah-roo-ah, sm. carriage, convey- 
ance of goods, <fcc, removal, expense of 
carriage. 

Charron, shah-rony, sm, wheelwright, cart- 
wright, maker of carts, itc. 

Charho>*>"age, ehah-ro-nahje, sm. cart- 
wright's trade, work, expense. 

Charrue, shah-reu, sf. plough, instrument 
of agriculture ; agriculture (vide obs. 4). 

Chaf.te, sharlt, sf. charter, privilege, im- 
munity, exemption ; bill of rights. 

Charte-partie, shart-par-Ue, sf. charter- 
party, contract of which each party has a 
copy. 

Chartil, shar-teell, sm. frame of a cart, long 
cart; shed, pent-house fir carts, Ac. 

Ciiartre, snartr, sf. prison ; place of secu- 
rity; charter, archives, title-deeds, letters- 
patent ; atrophy, rickets. 
Chartreuse, shar -trvhse, sf. Carthusian 
monastery ; Carthusian nun ; small lone 
house in the country. 
Chartrecx, shar -truhe, sm. Carthusian 

friar or recluse ; species of gray cats. 
CHARTRIER, shur-treyai, sm. charter-house ; 

keeper of charters; registry. 
Ch as, shah, em. eye of a needle ; starch mado 

up. 
Ciiasse, shahsse, sf. shrine, case containing 

99 



cha 



CHA 



sacre I relics, &c, mounting of telescopes, 
spec acles ; chape ; handle. 

Chassk, ehass, sf. chase, hunting:, shooting, 
coursing ; pursuit ; game ; quest, ferreting. 

Chassk (pays de), pai - ye - duh - ehass, sm. 
shooting or hunting country. 

Chasse (garde-), gard- shags, sm. game- 
keeper. 

Chassis a (donner la), do^nai-lah-shass-ah, 
v. 1 /•. to pursue eagerly. 

Chasse (niEN'nuE), prangdr-shass, v. 4 irr. 
to run away, fly from danger. 

Chasse, shah-sai, sin. side step in dancing. 

Chasse-avant, shass-ah-oang, sm. overseer, 
superintendent ; foreman, instigator. 

Ch >.s e-chiens, shass-shyaing, cm. porter, 
doorkeeper. 

Chassecoqoins, ehass-Tco-kaing, sm. par- 
ish bea lie. 

CHASSE-COUSiss, shass-koo-zajng, sm. bad 
wine ; stiff foil. 

Chasselas, shass-lah, sm. excellent white 
grape. 

Chasse-maree, shass - mah - raie, sm. fish- 
cart; fish-carrier; fish-boat, shallop. 

Chasse-modches, shdss-moosh, sm. fly flap- 
per or broom. 

Chasser, shah-sai, m. 1 r. to chase; hunt, 
drive, pursue ; dismiss, send away, remove, 
banish. 

CnASSER un dot.iestique, shah-8ai-vng~do- 
mess-teeh, v. 1 r. to turn away a servant. 

Chasser au fusil, shah-sai-o-/eu-ze, v. 1 r. 
to shoot, go a shooting (vide obs. J). 

Chasseresse, shassress. sf. huntress, wo- 
man that follows the chase. 

Chasseur, shah-sur, sm. hunter, huntsman, 
shooter, fowler, sportsman. 

Chasseuse, shah-suhze, sf. huntress, woman 
who delights in the chase. 

Chassie, nhah-see, sf. thick viscous matter 
round the eyes, blearedness. 

Chassieux, -se, shah-syuhe, -ze, adj. blear- 
eyed, dim with rheum or water. 

Chassis, shah-see, sm. frame, sash, window, 
lattice. 

Chassoir, shah-soo-ar, sm. cooper's driver, 
wedge to drive the hoops. 

Chaste, shast, adj. chaste, pure, uncorrupt, 
undented ; free from barbarisms, neat, ele- 
gant. 

Chastemen't, shast - many, ad. chastely, 
purely. 

Chastete, shass-tuh-tai ', sf. chastity, purity. 

Chasuble, shah-seubl, sf. sacerdotal vest- 
ment worn by priests saying mass. 

Chasublier, sh '.ih-seu-blc-yai ', sm. maker or 
seller of ecclesiastical vestments. 

(/HAT, shah, sm. cat ; sort of ship. 

Chat (petit), ptee-shah, sm. little dear. 

Chatte, shaft, sf. she-cat, puss ; little dar- 
ling ; dainty woman. 

CHATAIGNE, shah-tai-iny-yuh, sf. chestnut; 
brown color. 

Cn ATA1 G N E i : a I n , sh ah -ta i-ing -yah -raie, sf. 
plantation, grove of chestnut-trees. 

Chataignier, shah-tai-ing-yai, sm. chest- 
nut-tree. 

Chatain, -e, shah - iaing, -taine, adj. of 
chestnut color, light brown. 

Chat CERVIER, shah-sai fi-ryai, sm. lynx, 
spotted beast remarkable for speed and 
sharp sight. 

Chateau, -x, p. shall -to, -e, p. sm. castle, | 
100 



fortress ; manorial-house ; country-seat ; 
villa. 

Chateaux en Espagxe. shah-toe-zang-ness- 
pah-inyi/uh, snip, castles in the air, vain 
projects. 

Ciiatelain, shaht-laing , sm. castellan ; lord 
of a manor, governor, judge of a chatel- 
lany. 

Chatelet, shaht-lay, sm. small castle ; pris- 
on in Pari-. 

Chatellenie, shah-tell -nee, sf. chatellany, 
jurisdiction of a castellan. 

Chat-huant, shah-eu-ang, sm. owl ; recluse, 
solitary man (vide obs. 4). 

Chatiadle, shdh-tyable, adj. deservingchas- 
tisement, correction ; punishable. 

Chatiek, shah-tyai, va. 1 r. to chastise, pun- 
ish, correct, reduce to order and obedience, 
polish. 

Chatiere, shah-tyayre, sf. cat-hole; snare 
to catch cats ; drain, gutter, water-pipe. 

Chatimest, shah te.-nia </■ sm. chastisement, 
correction, pun): nnii_-.it. 

Chaton, shah ■ long, sm. kitten ; catkins ; 
collet of a ring. 

Oh ATouiLi.E).! ent, shah-ioo-yuh-mang, sm. 
tickling, ticklishness, pleasing sensation. 

Chatouili.eu, shah-too-yai, va. lr. to tickle, 
cause a pleasant sensation ; please, delight. 

Chatouilleux, -se, shah-loo-yuhe. -yuhze, 
adj. ticklish ; touchy ; delicate, nice ;- diffi- 
cult to please. 

CHATRER, shah-trai, ea. 1 r. to curtail, 
prune, lop off, retrench. 

Oiiattemitte, shatt-mett, sf. hypocrite, dis- 
sembler. 

Chatter, shah-tai, vn. 1 r. to kitten, bring 
forth young cats. 

Chaud, shoe, sm. heat ; hot weather ; warmth. 

Chaud, -e, shoe, -d, adj. hot, warm ; fiery, 
irascible; vivid, animated, full of fire; ar- 
dent, vehement ; eager, keen ; violent, 
bloody. 

Ci-iaude (a la), ah-lah-shode, ad. e.rp. on 
the spur of the moment ; in the first heat of 
passion. 

Chaudeau, -x, p. sho-do, -e, p. sm. broth or 
gruel, presented to a married couple the 
day after the wedding. 

Chaudemen't, shode-mang, ad. warmly, with 
ardor, zeal ; eagerly, passionately. 

Chaudiere, sho-dyayre, sf. copper, boiler, 
large boiling vessel. 

Ciiaudkon", sho-drong, sm. small copper, 
boiler, large kettle, caldron, 30 bushels of 
coals. 

Ohaudroxxee, sho-dro-naie, sf. contents of 
one boiling, copper-full, kettle-full. 

OiiaudrO-\'>'eiiie, sho-drann-ree, sf. brasier's 
work, trade, or manufactured articles. 

Chaudronnier, sho-dro-nyai, sm. brasier, 
tinker, manufacturer in brass. 

ClIAUFFAGE, shofahje, sm. fuel, firing, year- 
ly consumption or expense of fuel. 

Ciiauffe, shofe, sf. furnace; fuel necessary 
for melting the ingredients. 

Chauffe-ciue, shofe-seer, sm. chafe-wax ; 
officer in chancery, fitting the wax for the 
sealing of writs. 

Oiiafffe-i.it. shofe- If, sm. warming-pan, 
brass pan filled with hot coals. 

OiiAfFFE-riKi.s, shofe-pyai, sm. warming- 
footstool, stool with hot coals or a hot iron 
in the inside. 



cue 

t'n uffer, sho-fai, ia. 1 r. to warm, heat; 

make hot ; cannonade ; attack briskly. 
J>f. CHAUFFER, suh-sho-fai, vref. to warm 

one's .self. 
Chaufferette, ehofe-reit, sf. warming-foot- 

Btoolj chafing-dish, portable fire-grate. 
Chauffeeie, shofe-ree, sf. foundry, forge 

where iron is made into bars. 
Chauffeur, sho-far, sm. blower, one who 

supplies the forge or furnace with' fuel. 
Chauffoir, sho-fooar, am. common warm- 
ing-place in large establishments ; stove, 

warm cloth for a sick person. 
Chaufour, sho-foor, sm. lime-kiln, fabric to 

burn stones to lime. 
Chaufournier, sho-foor-nyai, sm. lime ma- 
ker or seller. 
Chaulage, sho-lahje, sm. steeping of the 

corn in lime-water before sowing it. 
C hauler, sho-lai, ru. 1 r. to steep corn in 

lime-water before it is sown. 
Chauhe, ehome, sm. stubble ; stubble-field, 

stalk of corn ; thatch. 
Ciiau.mer, sho-mai, va. ?t. 1 r. to cut or pull 

out stubble, thatch, cover with stubble. 
Ciiaoiiere, slio - myayre, sf. hut, cottage, 

thatched house. 
Chaumin'e, sho-meen, sf. small thatched hut 

or cabin. 
Chaussant, -e, sho-sang, -t, adj. easy to put 

on, fitting easily, elastic. 
Ciiausse, shosse, sf. scarf worn by bachelors, 

professors, magistrates; filtrating-bag. 
Chaussee, sho-saie, sf. causeway ; bank ; 

highway. 
(';; AUSSE-piED, shosse -pyai, sm. shoeing- 

horn, leather strap. 
Chausser, sho-sai, va. 1 r. to put on shoes 

or stockings ; make shoes, boots, Ac. 
Chausser cn arere, sTio-sai-ung-Ttarbr, ». 

1 r. to lay manure at the foot of a tree. 
Chausser le coinvvts^sho-sai-IuJi-ho-teurn, 

v. to write or act plays, be a tragedian. 
Se chausser, mih-sho- sai, vref. to put on 

one's shoes, stockings, etc. 
Se chausser d'une opinion, sith - sho - sai- 

deunn-o -pe- nyong, vref. to be stanch in 

one's opinion. 
Chaussetier, shosse-tyai, sm. hosier, maker 

or seller of stockings, hose, &c 
Ciiausse-trape, shosse -trap, sf. caltrops, 

chevaux de frise. trap to catch foxes, bad- 
gers, &c. 
Chaussette, sho - sett, sf. under stocking, 

stocking without foot. 
Ciiausson, sho-song, sm. sock, buskin, half 

stocking, light flat shoe, sandal. 
Ciiaussure, sho-seur, sf. shoe, boot, stock- 
ings, <fcc. 
Ciiaussure a son pied (trouver), troo-rai- 

sho-seur-ah-song-pyai, c. 1 r. to meet with 

one's match. 
CHAUVE, shnve, adj. bald, without hair. 
Chauve-souris, shove-soo-rue, sf. bat, sort of 

flying mouse. 
Chauvete, shove-tai, sf. balduess, want of 

or loss of hair. 
Chaux, shnc, sf. lime, matter to make mor- 
tar ; calcination of metals, &c. 
Chavirer, shah-re-rai, to. 1 r. to overturn, 

turn upside down, overset. 
Chef, eheff, sm. head ; chief, commander, 

leader ; fag end ; article, point ; bandage. 

Faire quelque chose de son chef, to do a 



cue 

• ' ' ■.— — . ... ... . ,.■■.— „ ,-- _ ^ 

thiiifj' of; one's own head. Cliff de justice, 
chiet'jusiic*,: ! ,->.,, 

CHEF-iVcE. \ i:»; 1 ■ V./.y -duhrr, SM». 'master- 
piece,' capltaP ].ert'o.-m; nee, cu ; (.'!' |xcel 

ichae. 

( hef-ueu, tfieff-tydPti fm chief, court of a 
d^i-i-**, nv.nor-'jo&ae, >psiy(i])^'l p}ac ■■. 

Chef r>E 1'alt;, s&ff-ck'fepgr'-ieJsPi) ving-"-, 
leader, instigator, head of a riotous 8oilj\ ' 1 

Ciielix, shuh-laing, sm. shilling ; coin worth 
twelve pence. 

Chemin, shuh-maing, sm. way, road, path : 
means, expedient ; custom, use ; course, 
passage ; access ; manner, mode. Sc mettre 
en chemin, to set out on a journey. 

Cheminee, shuJt-mc-iuiie, sf. chimney, flue ; 
fireplace, hearth ; fire, fireside. 

Cheminee (mariage fait sous la), m«h 
ryahje-fay-soo-lah-sh uh-me-naic, idi. pfo*. 
marriage made without the usual formali- 
ties. 

Chemineh, shuh-me-nai, v». 1 )•. to go, walk; 
advance progressively ; flow ; push on. 

Chemise, shuh-meeze, sf. shirt, shift ; wrap- 
per ; envelope. 

Chemisette, shuh-me-zeUe., sf. under-waist- 
coat, small flannel or cotton under-shirt ; 
short jerkin. 

Chenaie, shey-naie, sf. plantation "of oak- 
trees, grove of oaks. 

Chenal, shuh-na!, sm. channel, canal ; cur- 
rent of water ; mill-dam. 

Chenapan, shuh-nah-pang, sm. rogue, vil- 
lain, bandit; vagabond, wicked wretch. 

Chene, sheyne, sm. oak. 

Che.ve vert, sheyne-vair, sm. holm oak, 
evergreen oak. 

Cheneau, x, p. shey-no, -e, p. sm. young 
oak ; gutter, pipe, leaden pipe. 

Chenet, shuli-nay, sm. andiron, iron stand 
to bear the wood or fuel. 

Cheneviere, shen-vyayre, sf. hemp-field. 

Cheneyis, shen-vee, sm. hemp-seed. 

Chenevotte, shen-vott, sf. beaten stalk of 
hemp, bundle of stalks. 

Cheneyotter, shen-votai, va. 1 r. to shoot 
forth weak twigs or suckers ; beat hemp 
stalks. 

Chenil, shuh-ne, sm. dog-kennel; dirty- 
house, bad lodging. 

Chenille, shuh-nee-yuh, sf. caterpillar ; very- 
ugly person ; silk velvet twist. 

Chenu, -e, sliuh-neu, -e, adj. hoary, white 
with age, with frost ; gray-headed. 

Cher, -e, shair, -e, smf. sad. adj. dear ; costly, 
high ; beloved, darling ; valuable, scarce. 

Cherciier, shair-shai, va. 1 r. to search, 
seek ; look for, try, explore ; inquire, ex- 
amine, search out, pursue. Cliercher a 
faire, to endeavor to do. 

Chercher A, shair-shaiah , rn. 1 r. to seek 
to, endeavor, attempt, try. 

Chercher noise or querelle, shair-shai. 
noo-ahze or kuh-rell, v. 1 r. to pick a quar. 
rel. 

CHERCHEUR, -se, shair-shur, -shuhze, smf. 
searcher, seeker, inquirer, examiner, pur, 
suer. 

Chere, shayre, sf. cheer, treat, entertain 
ment, feast ; reception. 

Chere (faire bonne or MAUVAisE),/ai>c 
/rn, nt or iiin-cayze-shayre, v. 4 irr. to livo 
well or badl}-. 

CHEREMENT, shayre-mang, ad. dearly, ten- 

101 



CHE 



CHI 



derly ; passionately ; at a hig}i jiricg, cou- 

Cm:- JR sKesi-reer, va tr. In ,'uerish^iondle, 
love teYiderly ; ssppttrt, shelter ; nurse up. 

Chersonese, mair-so-nayze, sf t penineillu, 
piece of }an«! almwpt'^ii r<3unded by water., 

<;he''-T':, \l atr-ta», sf. high price, dearr-^sr, 

- .^e:a't ; .>! sVarci''y." , * - *• ' - 
-'Cherubix, shai-reu-baing, am. chenib. ce- 
lestial spirit next in order to the seraph. 

Cherubique. shoi-reu-beeJe, adj. cherubic, 
angelical, ofcherubine essence (vide obs. 4). 

Chervis, shair-tee, sm. chervil, garden plant. 

Chetif, -ve, skai-teef, -v, adj. vile, contempt- 
ible ; mean, pitiful ; sorry ; poor. 

Chetivement, shai-ieev-itutng, ad, pitifully, 
meanly, poorly, despicably, sordidly. 

Cheval, shuh - va!, sm. horse. Chevaux, 
shuh-voe, snip, horses ; hard-working men. 
Voyager a cheval, to travel on horseback. 

CHEVAUX (MONTER SUR SES GRANTS), motlff- 

tai-sewr-sey-grang-shuh-voe, v. 1 r. to lly in 
a passion. 

Cheval echappe (un petit), uttg-ptee-shuh- 
cal-ai-shah-pai, sm. young libertine, rake. 

Cheval fondu, shvh-cal-fong-deu, sm. leap- 
frog, imitation of the jump of frogs ; chil- 
dren's play. 

Cheval de nois, yhuh-val-duh-boo-ah, sm. 
wooden horse, hobby-horse ; stupid fellow. 

Ohevaler, shvh-vah-lai, va. 1 r. to prop, 
stay, erect frames of timber on the side of 
a building. 

Chevalerie, shuh - vol - ree, sf. chivalry, 
knighthood, military dignity ; birth, noble 
ancestry. 

Cmevalet, shuh-vah-lay, sm. wooden horse ; 
bridge of a stringed instrument ; easel ; 
tressel, buttress, prop. 

Chevalier, shuh-vah-lyai, sm. chevalier, 
knight; nobleman; defender, protector. 

Chevalier d'honneur, shuh-vah-Tyai-do- 
nur, sm. first gentleman-usher. 

Chevalier d'indostrie, shuh-vah-lyai- 
doing -deus -tree, sm. sharper, swindler, 
tricking fellow. 

Chevalier du guet, shuh-oah-lyai-dei^gay, 
sm. captain of a watch on horseback (vide 
obs. 4). 

Chevalier de la coupe, shuh-vah-lyai- 
dlah-Icoop, sm. great toper, guzzler, drunk- 
ard'. 

Chevalier de la .tarretiere, shuh-vah- 
Jyai - dull - lah - hjar - iyayre, sm. knight of 
the garter. 

Chevaline (bete). bei/fe-siiuh-vah-leen, sf. 
horse or mare ; hard worker. 

Chevauchee, shuh-vo-shaie, sf. judges' cir- 
cuit, visitation of the judges for holding 
assizes. 

Chevaucher, sludi-vo-shai , rn.lr. to ride 
on horseback ; write or print crookedly ; 
fly up and down. 

Chevau-legeii. shuh-vo-lai-hjtii, sin. gentle- 
man of the light-horse, commanded by the 
kinir of France. 

Chevecier, tihai-vvh-si/ai, sm. vestry-keeper; 
treasurer of a collegiate church. 

Chevelu, -e. shev-leii, adj. hairy, long- 
haired ; fibrous, full of filaments ; sur- 
rounded with rays. 

Chevelure, shev-leur, sf. head of hair; ra- 
diation of a comet ; leaves ; fibres, fila- 
ments of plants. 
102 



Chevet, shuh-vay, sm. bolster, pillow to sup- 
port the head; pad, quilt, compress for a 
wound. 

Chevetre, shuh-veytr, sm. halter; beam; 
iron clamp ; bandage. 

Cheveu, -x, p. shuh culi. -r, p. sm. hair, 
fibre, filament, thread. II ne. tint qu'h un 
cheveu, within a hair's breadth. 

Cheveux (faux), /oe-shuh-vuh&, snip, false 
hair, wig, peruke, periwig, frontlet of hair. 

Cheveux (tirer uxe comfaraison par 
les), te-rai-eun-Tiang-pah-ray-zong-par-ley- 
shuh-vuhe, v. to make a forced comparison. 

Cheveux (faire dresser les), fair e-dray- 
sai-ley-shuh-vuhe, r. 4 irr. to make one's 
hair stand on end. 

Cheville, shtth-vee-i/uh , sf. peg. pin; re- 
dundancy; principal agent ; broach, botch. 

Cheville du pied, shuh-vee-yuh-deu-pyai, 
sf. ankle-bone (vide obs. 4). 

Cheville (tkouver a chaque thou unf), 
troo - vai -ah - sh ack-t roo-un n-sh uh - 1 1 e-i/uh, 
idi. r. 1 r. to find a cure for every sore. 

Cheville, -e, shuJis-vee-yui, -e, adj. strong, 
robust, vigorous ; redundant ; close set ; 
branchy. 

Cheviller, shuh-vee-yai, va. 1 r. to fasten 
with pegs or pins ; twist, wring. 

Chevillette, shuh-vee-yetl, sf. small peg, 
bookbinder's peg. 

Chevillox, shuh-iec-ymHj, sm. cross-bar of 
the back of a chair, turner's pee:. 

Chevillure, shuh-vee-yeur, sf. antlers of a 
stag, deer, Arc. (\ide obs. 4). 

Chevre, shew, sf. she-goat ; crane ; saw T yer's 
stand. 

Chevre (prendre la), pfangdr-lah-shevr, 
v. 4 irr. to fly into a passion ; be sullen or 
sulky without a cause. 

Chevreau, -X, p. shuh-vm, -e, p. sm. kid. 

Cl'EVRE-FEUILLE, shay-vi vh-fuh-j/uh , sm. 
honeysuckle, woodbine. 

Chevre-pied, shdy-vruh-pyai, adj. goat- 
footed, having goat's legs. 

Chevrette, ihuh-vi /It, sf. doe, shrimp; small 
andiron; crow; tripod; syrup-pot. 

Chevueuil, sher-ruh-yuh, sm. roebuck. 

Chevrier, shuh-vre-yai, sm. goatherd, one 
employed in tending goats. 

Chevron, shuh - vrong, sm. rafter, joist, 
secondary timber; chevron, military badge. 

Chevrotement, slaih-v rot-mang, sm. tremor 
or shake in singing. 

ChevroteR, shuh-rrotai, rn. 1 r. to bring 
forth kids; fret, skip, tremble or shake in 
singing. 

Chevrotix, ahuh-vro-taing, sm. kid's skin, 
tanned and dressed. 

Chevrotixe, shuh-rro-tecn, sf. small angu- 
lar bullet, shot to kill deer, Ac. ; shake i f 
the voice. 

Chez, shaie, prep, at, to, with, among, 
amongst, to the house of. 

Chez-SOI (avoir ux), ah-voo-ar.-ung-shaie- 
soo-ah, to have a home, house of one's own. 

Chiasse, shyasse, sf. scum, dross of metals ; 
dirt of flies, insects, Ac. ; lowest people. 

Chiaoux, shyah-oo, sm. Turkish bailiff". 

Chicane, she-lcarin, sf. chicane, sophistry, 
wrangle ; trifling contest, objection, chi- 
canery. 

Chicaner, she-hih-nai. va. 1 r. to criticise, 
censure without cause, disturb, vex, tor- 
ment. 



cm 



cno 



CHICANER, she-kaU-nai, vn. 1 r. to chicane, 
quarrel, cavil, wrangle with, litigate. 

CHICANER LE TERREIN, she-kah-nai-luh-tei- 
ruing, r. 1 r. to dispute the ground ; iij^lit 
bravely. * 

Chicanerie, she - hann • ree, sf. chicanery 
sophistry, wrangle, ill-founded contest. 

CillCAKlER, -e, 8he-kak-nyui, -re, smf. chi- 
caner, caviller, petty sophister. 

CBICHE, sheath, adj. stingy, parsimonious, 
Sparing, niggardly, near, avaricious. 

CHICHE (POIS), pno-aJi-sheesJi, sm. chick-pea, 
gray pea, vetch. 

Chichement, sheesk - tnang, ad. stingily, 
parsimoniously, miserly, sordidly. 

GmCOIT, she I. ■hi;/, am. coss-lettuce. 

v'iikoree, she-ko-raie, sf. endive, succory, 
esculent plant. 

Chicot, 8he-kah, sm. stump, brokeu stick or 
branch ; broken tooth. 

CllICOTEK, sht-ho-ini, in. 1 r. to contest 
about trifles, wrangle, quarrel, dispute, 
argue. 

Chicotin, she-ko-taing, sm. bitter juice, of 
such plants as wormwood, gentian, hare- 
hound, <fec. 

Chien, shi/aing, sm. dog; cock of a gun; 
reproachful name for a man. Etre eMen 
el loup, at twilight. 

Chien, -ne DE, shyaing, shyenn-duh, adj. 
bad, disagreeable, sorry, pitiful, mean, 
despicable. 

Chien cofchant, sliyaing-kao-slmnn, sm. 
setting-dog; setter; fawner, coaxer, flat- 
terer. 1'iiire le cliifii couchant, to cringe. 

Chien col-rant, shyaing-kon-rang, &n. 
hound ; beagie. 

Chien celeste, shyaing-sai-lest, sm. dog- 
star, Sinus; star which gives name to the 
dog-days. 

Chien-dent, slq/aing-dang, sm. deg's tooth, 
dog's-grass (an herb). 

Chien maris, shyaing-mah-raing, jtm. sea- 
dog, shark. 

Chienne, riv/enn. -V- hitch, female of the 
dog ; bad woman. 

Chien'.ver, shyay-nai, vn. to whelp, puppy, 
bring forth whelps ; pup. 

Chiffe, sheen, sC bad stuff, paltry silk; nig 
to make paper ; weak man ; man of no 
character. , . 

Chiffon, she-fong, sm. rag ; -worthless thing, 
erased paper -, slut 

Chiffons, she-fongh, amp. -millinery, trifling 
ornaments of dress for women. 

Chiffonne, -e, she-fo-nai, -e, adj. pleasing, 
agreeable, lively, .sharp, piquant. 

Chiffonner, she-fn-nai, va. 1 r. to rumple, 
tumble; kiss roughly ; tease, vex, plague, 
torment, displease. 

rniFFONNiF.it, -e, she-fo-nyai, -re, smf. rag- 
picker, rag man or woman ; newsmonger, 
busybody. 

Cuiffonnier, she-fo-ngay, sm. lady's w<»rk 
table, bag, or basket. 

Chiffre, sheefr. sm. cipher, figure, charac- 
ter, mark, intertextu.e of letters; secret, 
mysterious manner of writing. 

Chiffre (un ze::o kn), uvg-tsai-ro-amj- 
slieefr, sm. insignificant man or woman. 

Chiffrer, she-frai, ra. n. 1 r. to cipher, cal- 
culate, reckon, compute; write in occult 
characters ; practise arithmetic. 

CnirrEEiTK, the-fru.r, sm. calculator, ac- 



caninar)t, cpmputist, writer in occult char- 
acter*), i. 

Cni<;.N\>N, shetxig-yvig (^n. I?q.)v d». nape ; 
hind-hair inrne 1 ap in a bunch. 

CiIImere. she-mayre, sf. chimera ; vain and 
wiVJ fancy ; |ilius,o>) of t'.o mind. 

,Chi.«ERiice. sh\-m.ji-r ',;. id]' c'ti-rierical, 
faneiua, ceius.iry, I: n.igin.ir^,, tvitast-i';. 

Chimeriquement, she-mai-rcek-mang, ad. 
chimerically, vainly, wildly. 

Chimte, she-mee, sf. chemistry, analysis of 
bodies, solution by fire. 

Chimique, she-meek, adj. chemical, made by 
chemistry, relating to chemistry. 

Chimiste, .<he-mcest, sm. chemist, professor 
of chemistry. 

Chincke, she-neur, sf. dotted drawing or 
engraving (vide obs. 4). 

ChiouRhe, shyoorm, sf. galley, galley- 
slaves, place of punishment. 

Chiper, she-pal, va. 1 r. to steal, rob, carry 
off clandestinely, scrape, dress, tan skins. 

Chipoter. she-po-tai, va. 1 r. to pick at 
table, work little and slowly ; argue about 
trilles ; haggle. 

Chipotieu, -e, she-po-fyai, -re, smf. trifier ; 
slow and dainty cater ; haggler. 

Chique, sheek, sf. quid of tobacco, chique ; 
marble <to play). 

Chiquenaude, sheek-node, sf. fillip, jerk of 
the middle finger let go from the thumb. 

Chiquer, she-kai, va.lr. to chew tobacco; eat. 

CfiiQUET, sJie-kay, fin. driblet, small sum at 
a. time, odd money. 

Chiquet a chique* (payer), pai-yai-she- 
kui-tah-she- kai, r. If. to pay in small 
sums. 

Chiragre, In-ragr, sf. gout in the hands : 
sm. a person whose hands are affected with 
the gout. 

Ohirographaire, ke-ro -grah -/aire, sm. 
creditor, in virtue of one's own private 
signature. 

Chirologie, kf.-ro-lo-hjee, sf. art of express- 
ing one's thoughts with the fingers. 

Chiromancie, ke-ro- mang-see, sf. chiroman- 
cy, palmistry, foretelling of events by in- 
specting the hand. 

Chiromancies, -ne, ke-ro-mang -syaing, 
-eyenn, smf. chiromancer, palmister. 

CHIRURGICAL, -e, she-reur-hje-kal , adj. chi- 
vurgical, belonging to surgery (vide obs. 4). 

Chirurgie, ghe-reur-hjev, sf. chrrargery; sur- 
gery ; art of curing by external applica- 
tion. 

Chirurgien, she-reur-hjyaing, sm. chirur- 
geon, surgeon. 

ChiruRGIQUE, she-reur-hjeek, adj. surgical, 
belonging to surgery. 

Chiuue, t-he-yeur, sf. soil of flies, insects, 
worms, ic. 

Chlorose, kln-roze, sf. chlorosis, green-sick- 
ness ; disease of plants. 

Choc, shoe, sm, shock, hurt ; concussion ; 
offence; attack, onset, brunt,; dashing, 
clashing. 

Chocolat, sho-ko-lah, sm. chocolate, nut o! 
the cacao-tree; ground eacao-nut ; solution 
of the cacao-nut. 

CHOCOLATIER, -e, sho-kodah-tyai, -re, smf 
keeper of a chocolate-house ; chocolate 
maker or seller. 

ChocOLATIERE, dio-ko-lak-tyayre, .«/". choco- 
late-pot. 

103 



CUE 



CHY 



Chceur, Jcuhre, sm. choir; band of singers, 
part -of a chtirch ; chorus. ' • ' ', 

Choir. t<liroa>; vn. 3 i/;rj (upec'.in :hi inani- 
tive and i/a!jt participle only) 'to fall.' 

Choisir, shoo -ah-zeer, va. 2 c to choose; 
select, picKou'.o el«cJfc,*spp<Jint. '„ ,', 

Choix,. shoo-ilt. s,n choice, preference, op- 
tion, 'ekdi^n.i ' , ' , • • 

Choi* able, s'nde-mabl, adj. kept as a holiday, 
festival. 

Chomage, shoe-mahje, sm. interruption from 
labor, want of work, rest ; holiday. 

Chomer, shoe-mat, va. n. 1 r. to celebrate, 
solemnize, be inactive, idle, without work ; 
rest one's self; make a holiday. 

Chopine, sho-peen, sf. chopin, French half- 
pint ; English pint; Scotch quart of wine 
measure. 

Chofiner, sho-pe-nai, vn. 1 r. to tipple, to 
be always drinking. 

Choppement, shop-mang, sm. stumble, trip, 
blunder. 

Chopper, sho-pai, vn. 1 r. to stumble, trip 
in walking, strike agaiust, light on by 
chance. 

Choquant, -e, sho-kang, -t, adj. shocking, 
offensive, disgusting, disagreeable, unpleas- 
ant. 

Choquer, sho-kai, va. 1 r. to shock, offend, 
disgust, displease ; dash ; clash : vn. touch 
glasses. Choquer la rue. to ofiend the eyes ; 
— le bon sens, to clash with reason. 

Se choquer, suh -sho-kai, vref. to take of- 
fence, be displeased; hurt one's self against, 
conflict, engage, right, strike. 

Choriste, Teo-reest, sm. chorister, singer in 
the cathedrals or concerts. 

ChorOGRAphie, ko-rograh-fee, sf. chorog- 
raphy, description of a country. 

Chorographique, ko-ro-grah-feek, adj. cho- 
rographical, descriptive of particular re- 
gions. 

Chorus, ko - reus, sm. chorus, number of 
singers, concert ; song between the acts of 
a tragedy. 

Chose, shoze, sf. thing ; matter, affair, agree- 
ment ; property ; state ; rank, name. 

Chou, -x, shoo, -e, sm. cabbage ; puff-paste. 
Pour revenir a nos chouse, to return to the 
purpose. Alter planter des choux, to retire 
to one's country-seat. 

Choux-gras (faire ses), fnire-sey -shoe - 
grah, v. 4 irr. to get a great profit, gain 
much. 

Choucas, shoo-Jcah, sm. jackdaw, small spe- 
cies of crow. 

Choucroute, shoo-kroot, sf. fermented cab- 
bage, sour-krout. 

Chouette, shoo-ett, sf. screech-owl ; laugh- 
ing-stock ; one alone against several, at 
some games. 

Chou-fleur, shoe-flur, sm. cauliflower, spe- 
cies of cabbage. 

Choyer, shoo-ah-yai, va. 1 r. to take great 
care, make much of; handle gently, spare. 

Chreme, kreyme, sm. chrism, unction, holy 

ointment. 
Chremeau, -X, krai-mo, -e, sm. chrism-cap ; 
small cap put on the head of the child after 
the sacred unction. 
Chretien, -ne, krai-tyaing, -iyenn, smf. and 
adj. Christian, professor of, professing the 
religion of Christ. 
Chretiennemekt, krai- iyenn -mang, ad. 
104 



Christianly, in a Christian-like manner ; 

meekly. 
Chretiente, krai-tyaing-tai, sf. Christen- 
dom, collective body of Christians. 
Chrie, kree, sf. concise narration, theme, 

short exegesis. 
Christ, kreest, sm. Christ, Messiah, the 

anointed ; cross. 
Christianisme, kreess-tyah-neesm, sm. Chris- 

tianism, Christianity, Christian religion, 

belief in Christ. 
Chromatique, kro^mah-leek. sm. and adj. 

chromatic; by semitones; coloring; colored. 
Chrome, krome, sm. strong semi-metal form- 
ing various colored combinations ; sharp in 

music. 
Chronique. kro-neek, sf. chronicle, history 

of the times ; register of events ; tale. 
Chronique scandaleuse, kro-neek-scang- 

dah-luhze, sf. slander, calumny, scandal, 

malignant reports. 
Chronique, kro-neek, adj. chronical, slow, 

of long continuance. 
Chroniqueur, kro-ne-kuhr, sm. chronicler, 

writer of chronicles, historian, recorder of 

events. 
Chronogramme, 7,-ro-nn-gram, sm. chrono 

gram ; inscription including the date of an 

action. 
Chronologie, kro-no-To-hjee. sf. chronology, 

science of past events, computation of the 

periods of time. 
Uhronologique, kro-no-lo-hjeek, adj. chro- 
nological, relating to the doctrine of time. 
Chro>"ologiste, kro-no-lo-hjeest, sm. chro- 

nologist, computer or explainer of past 

events. 
Chronologue, kro-no-log, sm. chronologer. 

professor or expositor of the periods of 

time. 
Ohronometre, kro-no-meitr, sm. chronome- 
ter, instrument for the exact mensuration 

of time. 
Chuysalide, kre-za-leed, sf. chrysalis, aure- 

lia, first change of the maggot. 
Chrysocolle, kre-zo-kol, sf. gold solder, 

borax ; precious stone. 
Chrysolithe, kre-zo-leet, sf. chrysolite, green 

and yellow precious stone ; transparent 

topaz. 
Chrysoprase, kre-zo-prahze, sf. green em- 
erald ; precious stone. 
Chd, -e, shea, p. part, of choir, fallen down. 
Chucheter, sheu-shuh-tai, vn. 1 r. to chirp, 

pip, call as a sparrow, &c. 
Chuchotement, sheu-shot-mang, sm. whis- 
per, low sound, low soft voice (vide obs. 4) 
Chuchoter, sheu-shotai, vn. 1 r. to whisper, 

speak in a low voice, whisper in one's ear. 
Chuchoterie, sheu-shot-ree, sf. whispering, 

speaking softly in one's ear before another 

person. 
ChuchoteuR, -SE, sheu-shottir, -tuhzr, smf. 

whisperer ; low speaker ; private talker. 
Chut, sheut, int. hush ! peace ! silence [ be 

still ! no noise ! hold your tongue 1 
Chute, sthevi, sf. fall ; overthrow ; ruin; 
downfall ; degradation ; cataract, cascade; 
cadence, death (vide obs. 4). 
Chute d'humeurs, sheut-deu-muhre, sf. de- 
fluxion, overflow of humors (vide obs. 4). 
Chute des feuilles, slieiit-dey-fuh-yuit, sf. 

fall of the leaves ; autumn. 
Chyle, sheell, sm. chyle ; white juice formed 



CIG 



cm 



in the stomach by the digestion of the ali- 
ment. 

Cuyi.fux, -se, she-luke, -se, sm. chylous, 
consisting of chyle. 

Ci, se, ad. hero; in this place, in this state. 

Cl-APRES. se-ah-prey, ad, hereafter, after- 
wards, by and by. 

Ci-contre, se-konntr, ad. close, near, hard 

by. 

Ci-joint, -E. se-hjon-aing, -t, adj. annexed, 
joined, added, united. 

Cl-DERRIERE, se - day ■ ryayre, ad. behind, 
backward. 

Ci-dessoC-S, -se-duJi-sooe, ad. underneath, be- 
neath, under, below, under here. 

Ci-dessus, se-duh-seu, ad. aforesaid, before, 
above (vide obs. -1'. 

Ci-devant, se ■ dtth - zany, ad, heretofore, 
formerly, anciently. 

Ci off, sehjee, 3 per." sing, pres. indie, of the 
verb gesir, 2 irr. here lies. 

Oiboire, se-lioo-ahre, sot. pix. sard vase 
to keep the consecrated Uost ui Koman 
churches. 

Cibocle, zt-boul, sf. leek, scallion, smail 
onion. 

Ciboulette, se-boo-lett, *f, chives, pot-herb. 

Cicatrice, se-kah-treess, sf. cicatrice, scar, 
mark ; impressure ; stain, -cause of re- 
proach or injury. 

<'icatricule, se-kah-tree-kule, *f. small scar; 
white spot on the yolk of an egg. 

ClCATRISANT, -E, se-kah-t ri e-za n't , -t, STO. 

and adj. cicatrisant ; caustic application ; 
inducing a cicatrice. 

Cicatrise, -e, se-kah-tree-zai, <adj. covered 
with scars, cicatrices, <tc. 

Cicatriser, se-kah-tree-zai, va. 1 r. to cica- 
trize, seam, scar, mark with a cicatrice. 

Cicatriser, #ee-kah-tree-za&, >■>,. 1 r. to heal, 
close, coalesce, join the parts together. 

Cicero, se-smi-ro, sm. pica, particular sized 
type or letters in printing. 

.:kole, se-sai-rol, sf. sweet-scented pea ; 
vetch. 

Cicutaire, se-ku-tayre, ff. water-hemlock, 
very poisonous plant. 

Cid, seed, sm. Arabian chief, commamler. 

Cidre, seedr, sm. cider, juice of apples ex- 
pressed and fermented. 

Ciel, cieux, p. syell, si/uhe, p. sm. Leaven ; 
sky ; firmament ; God ; air, country, cli- 
mate, temperature. 

Ciel de lit, ciels de lit, p. syell-duh-le, sm. 
canopy, tester, top of a bed. 

Ciel d'un tableau, ciels de tableaux, p. 
syell-dung-tah-blo, syell-didi-tah-bloe, p. sm. 
Bky of a picture. 

Ciel d'cne carriere, ciels de carrieres, 
p. syeXl-deunn-h(Lh.-Tya.ire, duh-hah-ryayre, 
p. sm. first bed-layeror stratum of a quarry. 

Cierge, syairlje, sm. wax taper : pi. foun- 
tains, jets, spouts of water. 

ClEDX, syuh&, smp. heavens, Cod's temple. 

Cigale, ee-ghal, sf. grasshopper ; small sum- 
mer insect hopping in the grass. 

Cigale de her, se-ghal duh-mayre, sf. squill, 
shrimp ; sea crawfish. 

Cigare or ClGARRE, te.-r/har^ sm. cigar, 
small roll of highly flavored tobacco from 
Cuba. 

ClGOGRE, se-go-ing-yuh, sf. stork ; bird of 
passage. 

CiguE, -oegtte, sf. hemlock, poisonous plant 



Cil, set 11, sm. (seldom used in the sing.) Cils, 
p. eye-lashes. 

Cilice, se-leess, am. haircloth, sackcloth; 
part of dress worn in mortification. 

Cjlle.ment, eee-yiih-mong, sm. twink, wink, 
winking, twinkling, quick motion of the 
eye. 

Ciller, see-yai, va, 1 r. to wink, twinkle, 
shut and open the eyes in a convulsive or 
sly manner. 

Cime, seem, sf, top, height, summit, pitch, 
eminence, ascent, elevation, celsitude. 

Ciment, se-mang, sm. cement, cohesive mat- 
ter ; bond of union in friendship, union. 

Ciment (A chaux ET a), ah-shoe-zni-ah-st- 
mang, ad. exp. firmly, immovably ; ir- 
revocably. 

Cimenter, se-mang-tai, rn. 1 r. to cement, 
join, bind, unite with cement ; consolidate, 
strengthen. 

Cimeterre, seem-tair^ sm. scimitar, short 
and recurvated sword ; sabre, falchion. 

Cimetiere, seem - tyayre, sm. cemetery, 
churchyard; unwholesome place or country. 

Ci.mier, se-myai, sm. crest ; haunch ; rump. 

Cinabre, se--na.br, sm. cinnabar, vermilion ; 
mineral consisting of mercury and sulphur. 

Cineraire, se-nai-rayre, adj. containing 
the ashes of a dead body. 

Cineration, sc-nai-rahsyong, sf. cineration, 
reduction by fire to ashes. 

Cinglage, saing gl ah je, sm, ship's course in 
24 hours ; hire, payment of sailors. 

Cingler, saing-glai, va. 1 r. to lash ; wlr'j 
pelt, rattle : en. scud along, steer with full 
sails. 

Cinq, saingk, sm, and adj. five, cinque . 
Arabian figure. 

Cinq.uantai.ne, saing -kang - tain, sf. fifty, 
five tens, fifty years of age. 

ClNQUANTE, saing -kangte^ adj. fifty. 

Cinquantenier, saing -kangte- nyai, sm. com- 
mander, captain, chief of fifty men. 

Cinquantieme, sainq-lang-fytmm, smf. and 
adj. fiftieth ; fiftieth part, ie. 

Cinquieme, saing-kyem, smf. and adj. fifth ; 
fifth part, <fcc. 

Cinquiemement, saing - kyem - many, ad. 
fifthly, in the fifth place. 

Cintre, saingtr, sm. arch, semicircle, cur- 
vature, semicircular frame or rule. 

Cintrer, saing-trai, va. \r. to arch, vault, 
build in the form of an arch. 

Ciotat, syo-tah, sm. excellent white grape. 

Cippe, seep, sm. half column, low pillar 
without chaptrel ; instrument of punish- 
ment. 

Cirage, se-ralije, sm. waxing, overlaying 
with wax, «fcc ; blacking, painting in yel- 
low, camaieu. 

Circoncire, seer-kong-seer, va. 4 i'rr. to cir- 
cumcise. 

Circoncis, seer-kong-se, sm. Jew, Mahometan. 

Circoncis, seer-kong-see, pres. ind. of circon- 
cire, circumcise. 

Circoncis, seer-hong-see, p. part, and pret. 
def. of rirconcire, circumcised. 

ClRCONCISANT, seer-kong-se-zang, pres. part. 
of circonci/e, circumcising. 

ClRCONCISEUR, seer-kong-se-zur, sm. circum- 
ciser. 

Circoncision, seer -long- se-zyong, .^/.cir- 
cumcision, suppression of evil words or 
thoughts. 

105 



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CIV 



Circonference, seer - kong -fax - rangsse, sf. 
circumference, orb, circle, circular space; 
inclosure. 

Circonflexe, seer dmng -flecks, adj. circum- 
flex, lengthening accent compounded of 
the acute and grave. 

Circonjacent, -e, seer-kong-hjah-sanff, -i, 
adj. circumjacent, lying round, bordering 
upon. 

Circonlocution, secrdmngdo-kn-syong, sf. 
circumlocution, periphrasis, indirect ex- 
pression. 

Circonscription, seer-7congskfip-syong, sf. 
circumscription, limitation, confinement ; 
boundary. 

ClRCONSCRIRE, seerdcong-screer, va. 4 irr. to 
circumscribe, bound, limit, confine, inclose. 

ClRCONSCRIT, seerdtong-skree, p. part, of <(>•■ 
conscrirc, circumscribed. 

ClRCONSCRlVANT, seer-kony-skree-vang, pres. 
part, of circoitscrire, circumscribing. 

Circonscriyis, seer-kong-skree-vee, pret. def. 
of circonscrire, circumscribed. 

Circonspect, seer-kongss-pect, adj. circum- 
spect, cautious, attentive, watchful, care- 
ful ; discreet, prudent. 

Circonspection, seer-famgss-pecfc-st/ong, sf. 
circumspection, prudence, discretion ; cau- 
tion, watchfulness. 

Circonstance, seer -kongss-tangss, sf. cir- 
cumstance, occasion, occurrence, incident, 
conjuncture, accident ; event, state of af- 
fairs. 

ClRCONSTANCES ET DEPENDANCES, seer- 

lcongsa-iangss-zai-dai-pang-dangsseySfp. ap- 
purtenances. 

Circonstancier, seerdcongsstang-syai, va. 
1 r. to circumstance, point out, particular- 
ize, detail minutely. 

Circonvallation, seer-Tcong-vahdah-syong, 
sf. circumvallation, intrenchment ; fortifi- 
cation. 

Circonvenir, seerdcongve-necr, va. 2 irr. to 
circumvent, cheat, impose upon? deceive. 

ClRCONYENTl O.N' , seer-kong-vang-syon </, sf. 
circumvention, fraud, cheat, imposture, 
delusion. 

Circonvoisin, -E, seer -kong -coo -ah ■ zaing, 
zeen, adj. vicine, neighboring, contiguous, 
near, circumjacent. 

Circon" volution, seer-kong-vo leu-syony, sf. 
circumvolution, evolution round a centre 
(vide obs. 4). 

Circuit, seerdcu-e, sm. circuit, inclosure, cir- 
cumference ; compass, district; preamble. 

Circulaire, seer -ku-layre, adj. circular, 
round, circumscribed by a circie. 

Circulairement, seerdcudair-maitg, ad. cir- 
cularly, in the form of a circle, around. 

Circulateur, seerdmdahtur, sm. circula- 
tor, adherent to the doctrine of the circula- 
tion of the blood. 

Circulation, seerdoi-lah-syimg, sf. circula- 
tion, rotation, revolution, succession ; re- 
peated distillation. 

Circulatoire, s'-er-kudahdoo-aJv; adj. cir- 
culatory, belonging to circulation, circular. 

ClRCULER, seer-kadai, va. n. 1 r. to circulate, 
put about, pass from hand to hand ; distil 
repeatedly, move in a circle. 

Cire, seer, sf. wax, wax-light, wax -taper ; 
cerumen; shoe-blacking; seal. 

Cire D'Espagne, seer-dess-pah-ing-ynh, sf. 
sealing-wax, hard wax to seal letters. 
106 



Cirer, se-rai, va. 1 r. to wax, cere, join with 

wax ; black shoes. 
Cirier, se-ryai, sm. wax -chandler ; wax 

shrub or tree. 
Ciron, se-rong, sm. hand-worm ; pustule, 

small blister, very small thing. 
Cirque, seerk, sm. circus, cirque, open space 

for sports ; inclosure of rocks ; bay. 
Cirure, se-reur, sf. waxing, shoe-blacking, 

wax composition (vide obs. 4). 
Cisiailler, sp.*zah-yai, vn. 1 r. to clip, shear, 
cut with shears, curtail, cut short, dimin- 
ish. 
Cisailles, se-zah-yuh, sfp. shears, large 
scissors ; clippings, parts cut off, shearings. 
Ciseau, -x, se-zo, -e, sm. chisel, graver ; 

sculptor, statuary. 

Ciseaux, se-zoe, smp. scissors, small shears. 

Ciseler, seezdai, va. 1 r. to chisel, carve, 

engrave, cut wood or stone in various 

forms. 

Ciselet, seezdai. sm. small chisel, graver, 

small tool to clip metals. 
Ciseleur, seez-lur, sm. engraver, carver, 

sculptor, statuary. 
Ciselure, seezrleur, sf. carving, engraving, 

carved work or ornaments (vide obs. 4;. 
Cisoire, see-zoo-ar, sf. graver, burin. 
Citadelle, se-tah-dell, sf. citadel, fortress, 

castle. 
Citadin, -e, se-iah-daing, -deen, smf. bur- 
gess, townsman, freeman, inhabitant of a 
city. 
Citateur, sedahdur, sm. citer, summoner ; 

quoter. 
Citation, se-tah -syong, sf. citation, sum- 
mons ; quotation, passage ; enumeration, 
mention. 
Citatoire, se-takdoo-ar, adj. citatory, hav- 
ing the power or form of a citation (vide 
obs. 6). 
Cite, se-tax, sf. city, corporate town ; in- 
habitants of a city. 
Citer, sedai, va. 1 r. to cite, summon; en- 
join authoritatively, indite, quote, enu- 
merate, mention. 
Citerieur, -e, se-fai-ryi/r, adj. hither, 

nearer, hithermost, nearest, on this side. 
Citerne, se-tairn, sf. cistern, reservoir, in- 
closed fountain ; tank, basin. 
Citerneau, -x, se-tair-no, -e, sm. small cis- 
tern, tank, basin, dock. 
Cithare, se-tai he, sf. cithern, small harp, 

lyre with seven or nine strings. 
Citoyen, -ne, se-too-ah-yaing, -yenrt, smf. 

citizen, freeman of a city or country. 
Citrin, -E, sedraing r -treen,. adj. citrine, of 

lemon color. 
Citron, se-lrong, sm. citron, large lemon ; 

ephemeral butterfly. 
Citronnat, s&tro-itah, sm. car/died lemon- 
peel. 
Citronne, -e, se-tro - nai, -e, adj. lemon- 
tasted, of the flavor of lemon or orange. 
Citkonnelle, se-tro-neH, sf. punch; liquor 
made of spirits, lemon-juice, ifcc. ; southern- 
wood. 
Citronnier, sedro-nyai, sm. lemon -tree. 
Citrouille, sedroo-yuh T sf. citrul, pumpion, 

pumpkin. 
Civade, se-vad, sf. variety of oats. 
Civadiere, se-i:ah-dyayre, sf. sprit-sail, sail 

belonging to the bowsprit. 
Cive, seev T sf. chives, species of small onion. 



CLA 



CLA 



Civet, se-vay, sm. stewed hare, ragout made 
of hare's-flesh. 

Civktte, se-vett, sf civet-cat; civet, sweet 
perfume ; chives. 

Civiere, se-ryayre, sf. hand-barrow. 

t'lviL, -e, se-veel, adj. civil, political, intes- 
tine : complaisant, gentle, polite, well-bred, 
civilized. 

Civm.ement, se-veel-manff, ad. civilly, po- 
litely, complaisautly, with civility, kind- 
ness. 

Civilisation, se-ve-le-zah-syony, sf. civiliza- 
tion, social intercourse, refinement of habits. 

Civilise R, se- ue ■ le-zai, va. 1 r. to civilize, 
polish ; reclaim from savageness, make 
gentle of manners. 

Se civiliser, avh-se-ve-le-zai, vref. to grow 
or become civilized, gentle, polite, complai- 
sant. 

Civilite, se-vedetai, sf. civility; politeness, 
complaisance,elegance of manners, decency. 

Civilites, se- ve -le- laie, sfp. compliments, 
respects, civilities, &c. 

Civique, se-veek, adj. civic, of the town or 
city; of citizens ; of civil honors, privileges. 

Clabaud, klah-boe, sm. yelping terrier ; stu- 
pid man, loud and incoherent talker. 

Clabaudage, kJah-bo-dahjf, sm, loud yelp- 
ing ; noisy talking, foolish dispute, wrang- 
ling. 

Clabauder, Mah-boe-dai, vn. 1 r. to yelp, 
bark like a cur ; talk loud and foolishly, 
speak maliciously. 

Clabaudeur, -se, klah-hoe-dar, -duJize, smf. 
noisy foolish talker, brawler. 

Claie, klai, sf. hurdle, texture of branches 
woven together. 

Clair, klair, sm. light, brightness, clarity, 
splendor. II commence afaireclair, day- 
light begins. 

Clair, -e, klair, -e, adj. clear, bright, lu- 
minous, pellucid, transparent, serene, pure; 
sonorous, clean, thin, light, polished ; evi- 
dent, manifest ; intelligible, plain, evident. 

Clair dk lune, klair-duhdeun, sm. moon- 
light. 

Clair (voir), voo-ar --klair, v. 3 irr. to be 
clear-sighted, see plain, understand, be not 
blind, deceived (vide obs. 6). 

Clairemext, Mair-mang, ad. clearly, dis- 
tinctly, in a perspicuous manner. 

Claiuet, Mai-ray, sm. claret, light French 
wine ; pale stone. 

Clairet, -te, klai-ray, -t, adj. light, pale, 
reddish. 

Claire-VOIE, klair e-voo-ah, sf. rails, rail- 
ing, opening in a wall defended by a ditch ; 
wide interstice. 

Claire-voik (a), ah-klaire-voo-ah, od. exp. 
far apart from one another, not closely. 

Clairiere, klai-ryayrr, sf. glade, lawn, 
opening in a wood ; thin place in cloth oi- 
lmen. 

Clair-OBSCUR, klair-ohskure, sm. clare-ob- 
scure, light and shade in painting ; med- 
ley of science and ignorance. 

Clairon, klay-rong, sm. clarion, shrill trum- 
pet. 

Clair-Seme, -e, klair-suh-mai, -r : , adj. thin, 
scattered, scarce, few, seen here and there. 

Clairvoyance, klair-voo-ahyanyss, sf. sa- 
gacity, penetration, prudence, judgment, 
discernment. 

Clairvoyant, -e, klair-voo-ahyang, -t, adj. 



clear-sighted, judicious, discerning, intel- 
ligent, enlightened. 

Clameur, Juah-mur, sf clamor; outcry; 
npise, exclamation ; acclamation, shout. 

Clameur de haro, Uahmur-duh-kah-ro,sf. 
citation before the judge. 

Clan, Many, sm. clan, family, race ; bodv 
of confederate persons in Scotland. 

Clandestin, -e, Mang-dese-taina, -teen, adj. 
clandestine, secret, hidden, done in secret, 
<fec, against the laws. 

ClandeStinement, Many -dess -teen - many, 
ad. clandestinely, secretly, privately, by 
stealth. 

Claxdestinite, klany-dess-te-ne-lai, sf. pri- 

< vacy, clandestine action, secret deed. > 

Clapet, klah-pay, sm. valve, flap, sucker of 

, a pump. 

Clapier, klah-pyai, sm. cony-burrow ; rab- 
bit-hutch ; tame rabbit ; purulent humor 
under "the skin. 

Clapir, Mah-peer, vn. 1 r. to squeak shrill 
like a rabbit. 

Se clapir, suh-klah-peer, vref. to lie squat, 
sit cowering, sit close to the ground ; be 
indolent, inactive. 

Claque, Mack, sm. dress hat, folding hat, 
opera hat, worn under the arm. 

Claque, Mack, sf. slap, smart blow or 
stroke with the palm of the hand, clog. 

Claquedent, Mack-dang, sm. starved beg- 
gar, naked wretch ; chatterer, brawler, 
wrangler. 

Claque.ment, Mack-many, sm. chattering, 
chatter ; plaudit, clapping, applause. 

Claquemurer, klaek-meu-rai, va. 1 r. to 
confine in a narrow prison, imprison, shut 
up, keep from liberty (vide obs. 4). 

Se- claquemurer, suh klaek-meu-rai, vref. 
to shut one's self up ; seclude one's self, 
meddle with domestic or household con- 
cerns-4vide obs. 4). 

Claque-oreilles, klack-o-7-ay-yuh, sf. broad 
slouched hat ; slouch, clown. 

Claquer, klah-kai, va. and n. 1 r. to slap ; 
clap hands, applaud ; chatter with cold or 
fear; lash; command authoritatively. 

Claquet, klah-kay. sm. clack of a mill, bell 
that rings when the corn-trough is empty. 

Claqueur, Mah-kur, sm. hired clapper, ap- 
plauder at theatres, mean, venal flatterer. 

Clarification, kla-re-fekah-syony, sf. clar- 
ification, clarifying ; cleanness from impu- 
rities. 

Clarifier, Mah-re-fyai, va. 1 r. to clarify, 
purify, clear. 

Se clarifier, suh-klah- re-fyai, vref. to grow 
clear, transparent ; brighten. 

Clarine, klah-reen, sf. small bell on the 
neck of cattle feeding untended in forests, 
Ac, 

Clarinette, klah-re-nett, sf. clarinet, wind 
instrument. 

Clarte, klar-tai, sf. clarity, brightness ; 
clearness ; light, brilliancy, splendor ; per- 
spicuity ; transparency. 

Clas, ktah, sm. knell, passing bell ; bell 
ringing either immediately after death or 
at the funeral. 

Classe, klahss, sf. class, rank, order ; school ; 
college; form; number; study. Durant 
7iies classes, while I was a schoolboy. 

Classement, klahss-mang, sm. classification, 
disposition, order, distribution into classes. 

107 



CLI 



CLO 



Classer, Mah-sni, va. 1 r. to class, dispose, 
distribute, range into stated method or 
order. 

Classique, Ida.h -seek, or/7/, classic, of classes ; 
relating to ancient authors ; of the first or- 
der or rank. 

Claudication, Mo-de-kah-syorig, sf. claudi- 
cation, lameness, imperfection or weakness 
of limbs. 

Clause, Jcloze, sf. clause, condition, stipula- 
tion, proviso, expressed or tacit article, 
convention. 

Claustral, -e, Mo-stral, ad. clanstral, mo- 
nastic, of a cloister, of religious retirement. 

Clavaire, Mah-vayre, sm. register, keeper 
of archives, secretary. 

Claveau, -x, Uah-ro, -e, sm. centre-piece or 
ornament of an a> - ch ; rot ; scab : pi. stones 
cut wedge-wise to form vaults, arches. 

Clavecin, Mur-saing, sm. harpsichord, mu- 
sical instrument. 

Claveciniste, klav-se-neest, sm. harpsichord 
player or maker. 

Clavele, -e, Jdav lai, -e, adj. scabby, mangy, 
infected with the rot. 

Clavette, Mah-vett, sf. iron or wooden pin, 
peg, knob; scutcheon of a lock, <tc. 

Claticule, klah ve-kule, sf. clavicle, collar- 
bone ; small key. 

Clavier, Mah-vyai, am. finger-board ; keys ; 
frame of the keys of an instrument. 

Clayon, May-yong, sm. small hurdle, small 
round hurdle or frame to make cheese. 

Clef, Jclaie, sf. key ; introduction, explica- 
tion, interpretation, clef; fortified place; 
keystone. Prendre la clef des chants, to 
run away. 

Cle.mence, Mai-mangsse, sf. clemency, mer- 
cy, pardou, remission of severity, forgive- 
ness. 

Clement, -e, klai-mang, -t, adj. clement, 
merciful, mild, gentle, forgiving, gracious. 

Clementines, Tclai-mang-teen, s/p. St. Clem- 
ent's letters ; Pope Clement's constitutions. 

Clenche, Mangsfi, sf. latch of a door, catch 
at a door moved by a string or handle. 

Clepsydre, llrp-seedr, sf. hydraulic hotir- 
machine, instrument to measure the hours. 

Clerc, Jdair, sm. clerk, clergyman ; scholar ; 
student at law ; writer in a lawyer's office. 

Clerge, klair-hjai, sm. clergy, clergymen, 
churchmen, body of men set apart by due 
ordination for the service of God. 

Clerical, -e, klai-re-kal, adj. clerical, eccle- 
siastical, relating to the clergy. 

Clericalement, klai-re-Jcal-mang, ad. in a 
clerical manner, like a clerk, clergyman, 
&c. 

Clericature, Mai-re-Ieah-teur, sf. clerkship, 
state, condition of a clergyman ; office of a 
clerk. 

Clichage, kle-shahj?., sm. stereotype, print- 
ing from solid plates cast from movable 
types. 

Cliche, Me-shai, sm. size, matrice, plate cast 
from solid plates taken from movable types. 

Glicher, kle-shai, va. 1 r. to print from solid 
plates cast from movable types. 

Client, Me-yang, sm. client, person defended 
or counselled by an advocate ; dependant. 

Clientele, kle-yang-tell, sf. clientele ; client- 
ship ; office of a client ; clients ; protection, 
patronage. 

Clignement, Idecng-yuh-mang (gn. liq.), sm. 
108 



winking, wink, twinkling, quick motion of 
the eye, short space. 
Cligner, kleeng-yai (gn. liq), vj>. 1 r. to 

wink, shut one's eyes, blink ; hint, con- 
nive, seem not to see. 
Clignotement, kfeeng-yot-mang (gn. liq.). 

sm. convulsive or habitual shutting of the 

eyes, winking, blinking. 
Clignoter, kleeng-yo-tai, vn. 1 r. to shut and 

open one's eyes in quick succession, wink, 

blink. 
Climat, kle-mah, sm. climate, clime, region, 

track of land, country, temperature. 
Climaterique, Me- muh-tai*-'reek, adj. cli- 

macteiic, periodical productive of a great 

change in the body. 
Climax,, kle-macks, sm. climax ; gradation, 

ascent ; rhetorical process of argument and 

expression. 
Clinciie, klaifigsh, sf. latch, cateh at a door 

moved by a string or handle. 
Cltncaille. Vide Quincaille. 
Clin d'ceil, klaing-duhyuh, sm. twinkle, 

quick motion of the eyes ; trice, instant, 

stroke. 
Clin d'ceil (en vs), ang-nvng-klaivg-dah 

y»h, ad. exp. in a trice, in an instant. 
Clinique, kle-neek, adj. clinic, clinical, keep- 
ing the bed through sickness. 
Clinquant, klahig-kang, sm. tinsel ; false 

lustre ; outward show ; superficial merit. 
Clique, kleek, sf. gang, party, club; genlle 

tap with the palm of the hand on a fleshy 

part. 
Cliquet, Jde-kai, sm. catch, snap, stopple, 

latch ; clack of a mill, lasting and trouble- 
some noise. 
Cliqueter, klcrk-tai, vn. 1 r. to click -clack, 

make a clacking noise. 
Cllquetis, Meek-tee, sin. clashing of swords ; 

snapping of small bones against one another. 
Cliquettes, kle-kett, sfp. ossicles, castanets, 

small bones or pieces of wood rattled 

against one another. 
Clisse, kleess, sf. splint ; small hurdle ; close 

texture of osiers or twigs. 
Clisser, kle.sai, ra. 1 r. to splinter, secure 

with splints ; inclose with small hurdles. 
Clivlr, Ide-rai, va. 1 r. to cleave, divide 

skilfully, split. 
Cloaque, klo-uclt, sm. common sewer, sink ; 

filthy place, dirty house or person. 
Cloche, Mosh, sf. church-bell ; bell-glass ; 

blister, dish-cover, stewing pan, cup of a 

flower. Fondre la cloche, to examine mi- 
nutely. 
Cloche-pied (a), ah -klosh -pyai, ad. exp. 

hopping upon one foot. 
Clochement, klosh-manq, sm. hobble, limp, 

hrflt. 
Clochek, klo-shai, vn. 1 r. to hobble, limp, 

walk lamely ; be incomplete, defective, er- 
roneous. 
Clocher, klo-sJiai, sm. steeple, turret of a 

church ; parish. 
Clochette, klo-sheit, sf. small bell, hand 

bell ; bell-flower. 
Cloison, kloo-ah-zong, sf. partition, division, 

separation, inclosure. 
Cloisonnage, Moo-ah-zo nahjc, sm. making 

of a partition or of partitions. 
Cloitre, kino -ithtr, sm. cloister, piazza, 

square ; monastery, convent ; religious 

retirement. 



COA 



coc 



Cloitrer, Jd'ioith-trai, vn. 1 r. to cloister, 
shut up ; immure, confine, deprive oi' 
liberty. 

ClOITRIER, -E, 7doo-a7>-tre-i/ai. -?v, sm;'. and 
adj. friar, nun ; cloistered, claustral, soli- 
tary, retired. 

Clopin CLOPANT, Mo-paing -Jclo -paiiff, ad. 
exp. hobbling along ; up and down. 

Clopinek, teto-pe-nai, vn. 1 >'• to hobble 
along, snaffle, halt, walk with difficulty, 

Oloforte, klo-portt, sm. wood-louse, mil- 
leped (an insect). 

ClORE, IJ'ivr, va. n. 4 irr. to close, shut, in- 
close, surround ; finish, conclude ; make 
an end. 

Clos, Woe, 8m. close, inclosure, inclosed 
space of ground. 

Clos, -k, fctoe, -c. adj. and p. part, of clore, 
close, inclosed, shut fast ; secure ; secret. 

Closeau, -x, klo-zo. -r, sm. small close; 
small garden ; small farm. 

Clossemknt, 7doss-mang, sm. clucking, hen's 
call of her chickens. 

Closser, Mo - sai, vn. 1 r. to cluck, call 
chickens. 

Cloture, ldoc-ieur, sf. inclosure ; conclu- 
sion, end ; vow, monastic seclusion ; last 
sitting ; last performance (vide obs. 4). 

Clou, Moo, $ni. nail, tack ; stud, boss ; boil ; 
knob ; bud. 

Clous de girofle, Idooe-duh-hje-rofl, smp. 
cloves ; valuable spice. 

Clou a crochet, 7doo-a7i-7cro'-s7iay, sm. 
tenter, hook on which things are stretched; 
difficulty. 

Clouer, )doo-ai, va. 1 r. to nail, fasten with 
nails, fix firmly. 

Clouter, 7doo-tai, va. 1 r. to stud, adorn 
with studs. 

Clouterie, Jdoot-rer, /if. nail manufactory, 
nail work, nail trade. 

Cloutier, Idoo-tyai, sm. nailer, nail maker 
or seller. 

Club, Hub, sm. club, assembly, meeting, 
political, <fec., society. 

Clubiste, Jduh-beest, «». member of a club 

. or society. 

Clyster e, Ideess-tayre, sm. clyster, injec- 
tion, remedy. 

Coaccuse, ko-nJi-Lu-zai, sm. man accused 
with one person or several. 

Coactif, -ye, ko-ack-teef, -v, adj. coactive, 
coercive, compulsory, forcible. 

Coaction, ko-ack-syong, sf. coaction, com- 
pulsion, force, restraint, cheat. 

Coadjuteur, ko-ad-jeu-tur, sm. coadjutor, 
helper, assistant, associate ; intended suc- 
cessor. 

Coadjutorerie, ko-adjeu-tor-ree, sf. coad- 
juvancy, help, concurrent assistance. 

Coadjutrice, /;n-ad-jf:u-treess, sf. assistant, 
helper, associate, nun intended to succeed 
the abbess. 

Coagulation', 7co-a7i-gudah-syong, sf. coagu- 
lation, concretion, congelation, curdling. 

Coaguleu, Jco-ah-ffu-lai, va. 1 r. to coagulate, 
concrete, congeal, curd, turn to curd. 

Se COAGUI.er, suhd;n-ah-fju-lai, vref. to run 
into concretions, thicken, be consolidated. 

Coalescence, 7;o-aJidess-sangsse, sf. coales- 
cence, concretion ; union, adherence. 

Coaliser, ko-ahdne-zai, va. n. 1 r. to co- 
alesce, unite, grow together ; join, raise 
again.-;. 



Se coaliser, 8u7i-?c«-ah-hezai, vref. to co- 
alesce, unite in a mass, confederate, form 
a parly. 

Coalition, Ico-ah-le-syomg, sf'. coalition, 
league, party, confederacy, combination. 

Coaptation, fto-ap-tah-si/ong, sf. coaptation, 
fitness ; adjustment of parts to each cr.her. 

Coasseikent, ko-ass-mang, sm. croak, croak- 
ing of frogs. 

Coasser, fco-ah-sai, vn. to croak, make a 
hoarse low cry like a frog. 

Coassocie, -e, koah-sosyai, -e, smf. and 
adj. associate, partner ; confederate. 

Cobalt, ko-baU,rm. cobalt, marcasite strongly 
impregnated with arsenic. 

Cocagne, kodcah-ing-yuh, sf. woad-cake. 

CoCAGNE (pays DE), pai-ye-duh-kodiah-ing. 
yuh, sm. land of milk and honey, fertile 
and good living country. 

Cocarde, ko-kUrd, sf. cockade, ribbon worn 
in the hat. 

Cocasse, ko-kass, adj. pleasant, ridiculous, 
strange, comical, odd, unaccountable. 

Cocatrix, kodiah-treex, sm. cockatrice, basi- 
lisk, crested serpent the look of which is 
said to kill. 

Coche, kos7i, sm. wagon, heavy carriage for 
passengers and goods, chariot ; passage- 
boat ; ferry. 

Coche, kosh, sf. old sow, fat sow ; fat, squat, 
ill-shaped woman ; notch. 

Cochemar, kosh-mar, sm. night-mare, incu- 
bus, morbid oppression upon the breast in 
the night. 

Cochenille, kosh-nee-yvJi. sf. cochineal, in- 
sect from which a red color is extracted. 

Cocheniller, 7;o$7i-nce-yai, va. 1 r. to dye 
scarlet, steep in cochineal. 

Cociienillier, kosh-nee-yai, sm. cochineal- 
tree. 

Coc her, ko - shai, sm. coachman, driver, 
carter. 

Cocher, ko-shai, va. 1 r. to tread. 

Cochet, ko-shay, sm. young cock, cockerel ; 
cock, spout to let out any liquid at will, 

Cocheyis, kosh-vee, sm. large tufted lark (a 
bird). 

Cociileiforme, koddai-e-form, adj. cochle. 
ated, spiral, winding, contorted. 

Cociion, ko-shong, sm. hog ; fat over-grown 
man, glutton, gormandizer ; rude and mean 
man ; slovenly workman. 

Cochon-be-lait, 7co-s7iong-dlay, sm. sucking- 

pig- 

Cochon-d'Inde, ko - s7iong - daingde, sm. 
Guinea-pig, small animal with a pig's 
snout. 

Cochon-de-mer, 7>o-s7iong-dmair, sm. por- 
poise, porpus, sea-hog. 

Cochon (petit), puh-te-7co-shong, sm. pig, 
young sow or boar, slovenly boy, dirty fel- 
low. 

Cochonnee, ko-s7to-naie, sf. litter of pigs. 

Cochonner, ko-sjionai, vn. 1 r. to pig, far- 
row, bring forth pigs ; work slovenly. 

Cochonnerie, ko-sTiifn-ree, sf. filthiness, nas- 
tiness, hoggishnc^s ; indecency ; stinginess. 

Cochonnet, 7co-s7io-nay, sm. twelve-sided 
die ; jack, small bowl thrown out for a 
mark. 

Coco, ko-ko, sm. cocoa, coooa-nut ; cocoa- 
tree. 

Cocon, 7>o-7iong, sm. silky shell or envelope 
of a silk-worm, &,c, turning jnto an aurelia. 

109 



COE 



COH 



Cocotif.r, ko-ko-lyai, S7n. cocoa-tree ; spe- 
cies of palm-tree. 

Coc-Sigrue, kock-se-greue, sf sea-locust. 

Coctio>', lcock-syong, sf. coction, boiling; 
concoction, digestion, maceration by heat. 

Code, kod, sm. code, book of the civil law ; 
collection of statutes, by-laws, &c. 

Codetenteur, ko-dai-tang-tur, em. joint de- 
tainer. 

Codicillaire, ko - de - se -Jayre, adj. of the 
codicil, contained in the codicil. 

Codicille, ko-de-te-yuh, sm. codicil, append- 
age to a will. 

Codille, ko-dee-yuh, sm. codiile, winning of 
the game at ombre and quadrille. 

Codille (gagner), gah-irtg-yai-Iio-dee-yuh, 
v. 1 r. to win the game without playing the 
cards. 

Codonataire, ko-do-naJi-layre, em/, and 
adj. copartner, sharer in a received dona- 
tion ; divided, shared. 

Coefficient, ko-ai-fe-syang, sm. coefficient, 
power uniting its action with that of an- 
other. 

Coegal, -E, ko-ai-glial, adj. coequal, advan- 
tageous alike to both parties, alike in bulk 
or quality. 

Coemption, ko-amp-syong, sf. coemption, 
reciprocal, mutual purchase. 

Coercible, ko-air-seebl, adj. coercible, that 
may be or ought to be restrained. 

Coercitif, 'VE, ko-air-se-teef -v, adj. coer- 
cive, that may restrain by authority or 
punishment. 

Coetat, ko-ai-tali, sm. country, state, sove- 
reignty governed by two or more rulers. 

Coeternel, -le, ko-ai-iair-nell, adj. coeter- 
nal, eternal with another. 

Cceur, Jmr_, sm. heart.; stomach ; soul ; mind ; 
vigor ; energy, courage, valor, bravery, in- 
trepidity ; honor, sensibility ; delicacy, 
feeling; affection, love, tenderness, core. 
Cela me tient au cozur, that lies heavy on 
my heart. Bien aime du cozur, a bosom 
friend. 

Cceur odvert (parler a), par-lai-ah-knr- 
oo-vair, v. 1 r. to speak openly, with sin- 
cerity. 

Cceur joie (s'en dosser a), sang-do-nai- 
ah-kur-hjoo-ah, vie/. 1 r. to take one's fill 
of. 

Cceur (ouvrir or decharger son), oo-rreetr 
or dai-shar-hjai-song-kur, v. 2 irr. and 1 r. 
to unbosom one's self, discover one's 
thoughts. 

Cceur que de (n'avoir rien tant a), nah- 
voo-ar-ryaing-iang-tah-kur-kiih-didt, v.aux. 
to have no greater desire than to. 

Cceur (diner, Souper par), die-nai, son-pai- 
parkur, v. 1 r. to go without one's dinner 
or supper. 

Cceur jkun (a), ah-kur-hjuna, ad. exp. fast- 
ing, with an empty stomach ; soberly. 

A contre cceur, ah-kongtr-kur, ad. cxp. 
against one's will, unwillingly, reluctantly. 

Par cceur, par-kur, ad. by heart, from 
memory. 

De bon "cceur, duh-bong -kur, ad. willingly, 
very willingly, with great pleasure. 

De tout mon cceur, duh-too-mong-kur, ad. 
exp. with. all my heart, most willingly. 

Coexistent, ko-eg-zees-tang, -t, adj. coexist- 
ent, simultaneous, existing at the same 
time with. 
110 



Coexistence, ko-eg-zeess-tangsse, sf. coexist- 
ence, simultaneous existence. 

Coexister, ko-eg-zeess-tai, vn. 1 r. to coexist, 
be in being at the same time. 

Coffiner (se), suh-ko-fe-nai, vref 1 r. to 
bend, bow, be incurvated, jut over ; curl, 
turn up. 

Coffre, knffr, sm. coffer, chest, trunk, box, 
frame ; hollow lodgment across a dry 
moat. 

Coffre fort, koffr-for, sm. iron chest, 
strong box to secure money or valuable 
things. 

Coffrer, ko-frai, ra. 1 r. to secure ; incar- 
cerate, put in prison ; shut up in a chest. 

Coffret, ko-fray, sm. small chest, trunk, 
box, casket. 

Coffretier, Ico-fruh-tyai, sm. trunk maker 
or seller. 

Cognac, ko-ing-yak, sm. aqua vitse, brandy. 

Cognasse, ko-ing-ya.ss, s/. wild quince. 

Cognassier, ko-ing-yah-syai, sm. quince- 
tree. 

Cognat, kog-nah, sm. kinsman, kindred, re- 
lation by the female line. 

Cognation, kog-nah-syong, sf. cognation, 
kindred, relation, participation of the same 
nature. 

Cognee, ko-ing-yai, sf hatchet, small axe. 

Cognee (aller au bois sans), rik-lai-o-hoo- 
ah-sang-ko-ing-yai, v. 1 irr. to undertake a 
thing without means. 

Cognee a l'arbre (mettre la), mettr-lah- 
ko-ing-yaie-ahdarbr, v. 4 irr. to begin an 
undertaking. 

Cognee (jeter le masche apres la), hjuh- 
taiduJi-mangsh-ah-prfy-lali-ko-ing-yaie, v. 
1 r. to abandon an affair in despair of suc- 
cess. 

Cogne-fetu, ko-ing-yidi-fai-teu, sm. pains- 
taker to no purpose, person laboring hard 
npon trifles. 

Cognf.r, koing-yai, va. 1 r. to knock, drive 
in ; beat, thump, maul. 

Se cogner, suhkoing-yai, vre/. to hurt one's 
self against ; knock, beat one another. 

Se cogner la t£te contre ps mur, suh- 
ko- ing-yai-la h-teyte-congtr-ung-meur, v re/. 
1 r. to rush headlong into difficulties ; un- 
dertake an impossibility (vide obs. 4). 

Cohabitation, ko-ah-be-tah-tyong , sf. co- 
habitation, living together. 

Cohabiter, ko-ah-be-tai, va. 1 r. to cohabit, 
live together. 

Coherence, ko-ai-rangsse, sf. coherence, co- 
hesion, state of union ; connection, depend- 
ency ; texture of a discourse, consistency. 

Coherent, -e, ko-ai-rang. -t, adj. coherent, 
suitable to,; regularly adapted ; consistent, 
united. 

Coiieritier, -e, ko-ai-re-tyai, -re, em/, co- 
heir, coheiress., equal sharer of an inherit- 
ance. 

Cohesion, ko-ai-zyong, sf cohesion, adhe- 
sion, union, connection, dependence. 

Cohobation, ko-o-bah-syong, sf cohobation, 
returning of a liquor upon that from which 
it was extracted. 

Cohober, ko-o-bai, va. 1 r. to cohobate, pour 
the distilled liquid upon the same matter, 
Ac; distil again. 

Cohorte, ko-ortt, sf. cohort, troop of soldiers, 
&c. ; company of about .500 foot ; body of 
■warriors. 






COL 



COL 



Cohue, ko-eu, sf. petty court of justice ; rout, 
mob, tumultuous assembly, great crowd. 

Cot, -te, kooah, -te, adj. quiet, still, peace- 
ful, tranquil, undisturbed. 

Coi (SE TENIR), suh-tuh-Hcir-kooali, vref. 2 
irr. to remain still or quiet, stand apart. 

Coiffe, koo-uhff, .»/. coif ; cap, hood, head- 
dress ; caul ; lining of a hat, ite. 

Coiffe, -E, kooah-fai, -e, adj. ravished, 
transported, fond, smitten ; eared ; lucky. 
Eire Men coiffte, to have a fine head of 
hair ; also, to have one's hair well dressed. 

Coiffer, koo-iih/ai, va. 1 r. to cover, dress, 
set off one'shead, intoxicate; mix, cap. 

Coiffek, koo-ah-fai, vn. 1 r. to fit, suit, be- 
come. 

Se coiffer, suh-koo-ah-fai, vref. to cover 
one's self, dress one's hair ; get drunk. 

Se coiffek de, suh-7coo-uh-fai-duh, vref. to 
take a whim in one's head ; be smitten 
with, be fondly attached to. 

Coiffeur, -se, koo-ah-far, -fuhze, smf. hair- 
dresser ; lady's "hair-dresser. 

Coiffure, koo-ah-feur, sf. head-dress, dress- 
ing, ornamenting of the hair ; hair of the 
head. 

Coin, koo-aing, sm. corner, angle ; retired 
spot ; wedge ; coin, clock of a stocking ; 
place. II lietit bien son coin, he keeps his 
ground. 

Coincidence, ko-aing-se-dangsse, sf. coinci- 
dence, concurrence, tendency to the same 
end. 

Coincident, -e, ko-aing-se-dang, -I, adj. co- 
incident ; concurrent, consistent, equiva- 
lent. 

Coincide?., ko-aing-se-dai, vn. 1 r. to coin- 
cide, concur, agree, tally, tend to the same 
point. 

Coing, kooaing, sm. quince. 

Coing (jaune comme un), hjone-kom-ung- 
koo-awg, adj. as yellow as a quince. 

Col, kol, sm. collar, neck, stock ; mouth ; 
canal ; strait ; defile. 

Colachon, kodah-shong, sm. Italian lute, in- 
strument with a long finger-board. 

Colere, kodayre, sf. choler, bile ; anger, 
wrath, passion, fury, rage. 

Colere. lco-layre, adj. choleric, passionate, 
irascible, angry, hasty. 

Coi.eki: (SE mkttre EH), «>dt-mettr-ang-ko- 
layre, vref. 4 irr. to fall in a passion, be 
angry. 

Colerique, kodai-reek, adj. prone to anger. 

Colibri, ko-le-bree, sm. humming-bird; 
little bedizened figure ; pretty little man. 

Colifichet, ho-le-fe-tihay, sm. bawble, toy, 
trifle, gew-gaw ; trifling and useless orna- 
ment. 

COLiMAgON", kodc-mah-song, sm. snail. 

Colin" MAli.LAKD, ko- laing - mah - yar. am. 
blindman's-buff ; play in which one blind- 
folded seeks the others. 

Colin tampon, kodaingtang-pong, sm. beat 
of the Swiss drum ; thing of no conse- 
quence. 

Colique, Ico-Jeek, tf. colic, gripes, disorder 
of the stomach or bowels attended with 
great pain. 

CoxiSEE. ko-le-zaie, sm. Coliseum, Vespa- 
sian's famous amphitheatre at Rome. 

Collateral, -aux, p. kolAdh-iai-ral, -r<»\ 
sm. and adj. collateral ; one standing in 
equal relation to some ancestor. 



Collateur, kol - lah - fur, sm. collator, ad- 
vowee ; one who compares copies, manu- 
scripts. 

Collatif, -te, koldnh-t.ri)\ .,., n dj. collated, 
conferred, bestowed together, belonging to 
one another. 

Collation, koldah-syong, sf. collation, nd- 
vowson, bestowing of a benefice; com- 
paring of one copy with another. 

Collation, ko-laJi-sgotig, sf. collation, light 
meal between dinner and supper ; cold meat 
supper. 

Collationner, Jcol-la7i-syo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
collate, place in an ecclesiastical benefice ; 
compare copies, manuscript. 

Collationner, ko-lah-syo-nai, vn. 1 r. to 
eat something betwee-n dinner and supper, 
take a light supper. 

Colle, knll. sf. paste, glue, size, cement, 
viscous and tenacious mixture. 

Colle, koll, sf. fib, story, falsehood, impo- 
sition. 

Collecte, kodeckt, sf. collect, short prayer ; 
tax -gathering, tax, poor's rate. 

Collecteur, kn - leek- tur, sm. collector, 
gatherer ; tax-gatherer. 

Collectif, -ve, kodeck-teeff, -v, adj. collec- 
tive, accumulative ; expressing a multitude. 

Collection, ko - leek - syong, sf. collection, 
heaping up ; compilation, selection of pas- 
sages. 

Collectitement, kodeck-teev-mang, ad. col- 
lectively, in a general sense, in a body, 
generally. 

College, ko-laihje, sm. college, community; 
place set apart for learning ; assembly. 

Collegial, -E, kodailijyal, adj. collegiate, 
of a college, relating to a college. 

Collegien", kodai-hjyaing, sm. student of a 
' college. 

Collegue, ko-leg, sm. colleague, associate, 
adjutor, partner in office or employment. 

Coller, kodai, va. 1 r. to stick, paste, glue, 
size ; clarify with isinglass. 

Coller du vin, kodai-deu-vaing, v. to clarify 
wine with isinglass (vide obs. 4). 

Se coller, suh-ko-lai, vref. to cake, stick to 
one another, lie close, adhere. 

COLLES SUR UN OB.JET (AVOIR LES YEUX), 

ah-roo-ardey- zyuhe -ko date - seur - wig- ob- 
hjaie, v. aux. to look steadfastly at. 

Collerette, kol-rett, sf. tippet. 

Collet, ko-lay, sm. collar, cape, neckcloth ; 
neck, band ; snare. 

Colleter, koduh-tai, va. 1 r. to collar, take 
by the throat : vn, to wrestle, set snares, 
catch game. 

Se colleter, suli-ko-hihdai, vref. to collar 
each other, seize one another by the throat. 

Collier, ho-hjai, sm. necklace, string of 
Deads or precious stones ; collar, ring. 

Collier de misere, kodyni-duh-me-zayre, 
8th. laborious employment, painful profes- 
sion. 

Colline, ko-hen, sf. hill, hillock, declivity ; 
sloping ground. 

Colline (gag nee la), gah-ing-yai-lah-ko- 
leen, v. 1 r. to run away, take to one's heels. 

Collision, koldc-zyong. sf. collision, clash ; 
conflict of two bodies ; opposition; contra- 
diction. 

Collocation, koldo-kali-synng, sf. colloca- 
tion, classification of orders ;' order of pay- 
ment. 

Ill 



COL 



COM 



Colloque, kol-lolc, sm. colloquy, confer- 
ence, talk, conversation, dialogue. 

Colloquer, kol-lo-kai, va. 1 r. to collocate, 
rank ; arrange, order, regulate payment. 

Colluder, koldeu-dai , vn. 1 r. to collude, 
conspire in a fraud ; deceive, cheat, im- 
pose upon. 

Collusion, koldeu-zyong, sf. collusion ; im- 
position, deceit, fraud ; double-dealing. 

Colldsoire, hol-leu-zoo-aihre, adj. collusory, 
fraudulently concerted, done by collusion. 

Collusoirement, kolleu-zooahre-mang, ad. 
collusively, by collusion, in a manner 
fraudulently concerted. 

Collyre, kodeer, sm. collyrium, ointment 
for the eyes. 

Colombage, ko-long-banje, sm. row of up- 
right joists to form a partition, timber of a 
partition. 

Colombe, kodongbe, sf. dove ; upright joist ; 
symbol of peace. 

Colombier, ko- long-byai, sm. columbary, 
pigeon-house, dove-cot ; place where pi- 
geons are bred. 

Colombier (attirer les pigeons au), ah-te- 
raidey-pelijong-zo-ko-longbyai, v. 1 r. to 
draw in customers. 

Colombin, -E, ko-long -bainff, -been, adj. col- 
umbine, of purple and red color. 

Colombine, kodong-been, sf. pigeon's dung ; 
columbine, a flower; also a female char- 
acter in a pantomime. 

Colon, ko-long, sm. planter ; colon, largest 
of the intestines. 

Colonel, kodo-nell, sm. colonel, chief com- 
mander of a regiment. 

Colonelle, ko-lo-nelle, sf. the colonel's com- 
pany, first company of a regiment. 

Colonie, kodo-nee, sf. colony, plantation, 
tract of land inhabited and cultivated by 
emigrants. 

Coloniser, kodo-nee-zai, va. 1 r. to colonize, 
people, stock with inhabitants. 

Colonnade, ko-lo-nad, sf. colonnade, circu- 
lar peristile, range of pillars, piazza. 

Colonne, kodonn, sf. column ; round pillar ; 
monumeut ; bed-post ; half a page ; prop, 
defender ; long file of troops. 

Coi.ophane, kodo-fan, sf. colophony, resin, 
substance used to rub the bow of some 
stringed instruments. 

Coloquinte, kodo-kyaingte, sf. coloquintida, 
bitter-apple ; violent purgative. 

Colored, ko-lo-rai, va. 1 r. to color, mark 
with some dye ; palliate, excuse ; make 

I plausible. 

Colorier, kodo-ryai, va. 1 r. to paint well, 
lay on colors properly ; color prints, <tc. 

Coloris, kodo-ree, sm. coloring ; complexion, 
color ; beauty. 

Coloiiiste, kodo-reest, sm. colorist, good 
painter, artist that excels in the coloring of 
his designs. 

Colossal, -e, kodo-sal, adj. colossal, gigan- 
tic ; enormous ; huge, excessive. 

Colosse, ko-loss, sm. colossus, enormous size ; 
uncommon height ; power, fortune, &c. 

Colportage, kol-pordahje, sm. hawker's 
trade. 

COLPORTER, kol-por-tai, va. 1 r. to hawk 
about, sell by proclaiming in the streets. 

Colporteur, kol-por-tur,sm. hawker, pedler, 
petty dealer travelling in town or country 
with small commodities. 
112 



Colures, Jcndeure, sfp. colures, two great 
circles supposed to intersect the equator at 
right angles, and pass through the poles. 

Coma, koe-mah, sm. coma, lethargy, morbid 
drowsiness, sleep from which one cannot be 
kept awake. 

Comateux, -se, ko-mah-tuhe, -ze, adj. coma- 
tose, lethargic, sleepy by disease. 

Combat, kong-bah, sm. combat, contest, bat- 
tle, fight ; struggle, opposition, effort, ago- 
ny, contention, conflict, strife. 

Combat singulier, kong-bah-saing-gudya>\ 
sm. duel, single fight. 

Combats, kong-bah, pres. ind. of combattre, 
fight. 

Combattant. kong-bahdang, sm. combatant, 
champion ; antagonist ; soldier, warrior. 

Combattre, kong-batlr, va. and n. ■! irr. to 
combat, fight, struggle with, oppose, resist ; 
dispute, repress. Combattre des deux bords, 
to engage on both sides. 

Combien, kong-byaing, sm.. price ; measure, 
quantity, &c. 

Combien, kong-byaing, ad. interrog. how 
much? how many? to what degree? how? 
Combien vaut cela ? what is the price of that ? 

Combinaison, kong -be-nay -zong, sf. combina- 
tion ; association ; league ; union, conjunc- 
tion ; commixture of bodies. 

Combiner, kongbe-nai, va. 1 r. to combine, 
join together, associate ; agree, accord ; 
link in union. 

Comble, kongbl, sm. top ; height, roof of a 
building, summit ; fulness ; over-measure, 
highest degree. 

Comble (pour), poor-kongbl, ad. exp. for in- 
crease, in addition to. 

Comble (de fond en), duh-fong -tang -kongbl, 
ad. exp. completely, entirely, utterly ; from 
top to bottom. 

Comble, kongbl, adj. heaped up ; over full ; 
excessive ; angular ; not equal. 

Comble, -e, kong-biai, -e, adj. full, overload- 
ed, raised to the highest pitch of. 

Combleau, -x, kong-blo, -e, sm. cordage to 
pull the cannon. 

Combler, kong-biai, va. 1 r. to fill, load, 
heap up ; lavish ; forfeit. 

Comblette, kong-blett, sf. cleft, parting, slit 
in the foot of a stag, &c. 

Combriere, kong-bre-yaire, sf. large fishing- 
net. 

CombuGER, kong-beu-Jijai, va. 1 r. to soak, 
steep, imbibe, season with water. 

Combustibilite, kong-beuss-te-bclcini, sf. 
combustibleness, aptness to take fire. 

Combustible, kong-beuss-teeble, sm. combus- 
tible, inflammable matter, fuel, coal, wood, 
&c. 

Combustible, kong-beuss-teeble, adj. combus- 
tible, inflammable, igneous, susceptible of 
fire. 

Combustion, kong-benss-tyong, sf. combus- 
tion, conflagration, burning; tumult, riot, 
hurry, confusion, hubbub (vide obs. 4). 

Comedie, ko-mai-dee, sf. comedy, dramatic 
satire on the lighter faults of private life. 

Comedie, ko-mai-dee, sf. theatre, play-house, 
play ; hypocrisy, deceit ; laughter ; ridicu- 
lous actions. Bonner la comedie, to make 
sport for others. 

Comedien, -ne, ko-mai-dyaing, -dyenn, smf. 
comedian, player, actor, actress; dissem- 
bler. 



COM 



COM 



Comestible, 7co-ihes-teebl t adj. eatable, Rood 

for eating: pi. victuals, provision of food. 

CoMETAIRE, kn-mai-tayre, adj. cometary, of 
a comet, relating to a comet. 

COHETE, ko-mett, sf comet, eccentric heaven- 
ly body, luminous by reflection ; sky-rock- 
et, ribbon, .came at cards. 

( lOMlCES, fto-meess, smp. assemblies of the Ro- 
man people ; meeting, assembly, congress. 

COMIQUE, ko-meek, sm. comic subject, actor, 
poet, writer, &e. 

COMIQUE, ko-metk, adj. comic, comical, ludi- 
crous, merry, pleasant, jocose, ridiculous, 
laughable. 

COMIQUEMENT, ko-meek-mang, ad. comically, 
in a pleasant or comic manner. 

COMITE, ko-meet, sm. subaltern officer on 
board of a galley, who makes the slaves 
row. 

Comite. ko-me-tai, sm. committee, meeting, 
assembly; small party ; small private din- 
ner. 

Comma, ko-mah, sm. comma, distinctive mark 
of clauses, noted thus (,). 

Commandant, ko-mang-dang, am. command- 
er, chief, governor, head office - . 

Commande, ko-mangde, sf. commission, or- 
der, command. 

Commande (de), duh-ko-mangde, adj. and 
ad. exp. ordered, bespoken ; feigned ; ex- 
pressly, made on purpose, at band. Mala- 
die de commande, feigned sickness. 

Commandement, ko-mangde-mang, sm. com- 
mandment ; mandate, precept ; command, 
injunction, authority, power. 

Commandement (avoir a), ah-voo-ar-ah-ko- 
mangde-mang, v. aux. to have at command. 

Commander, ko-mavg-dai, va. 1 r. to com- 
mand, order, prescribe, bid ; bespeak ; over- 
look. 

Commander a, ko-mang-dai-ah, vn. 1 r. to 
rule, rule over, have power, authority, 
command over ; subdue. 

Commanderie, ko-mangde-ree, sf. command- 
ery, benefice attached to the body of the 
knights of Malta. 

Commandeur, ko-mavg-dur, sm. knight-com- 
mander ; overseer ; steward. 

Commandite, ko-mang-deet, sf. partnership 
or firm in which one advances the money 
and the other his assiduity. 

Commandite (SOCIete en), so-se-yaitai-ang- 
ko-mang-deet, sf sleeping partnership. 

CoMME, horn, ad. like, in the same manner 
as, almost, how ; in what manner. II est 
comme rela, it is his way. C'omme quoi? 
how? Comme cela, so so. 

Comme, learn, conj. as, because, whereas, see- 
ing that, as much as, when, since, so as. 

Commemoration, ko-mai-mo-rah-syong, sf. 
commemoration, act of public celebration. 

CoMMENgANT, -E, ko-mang-sang, -t, smf. be- 
ginner, tyro, youngster. 

Commencement, ko-mangsse-mang, sm. be- 
ginning, commencement, date, origin, early 
times ; principle, first cause. 

Commencer, ko-mang-sai, va. 1 r. to com- 
mence, begin ; undertake ; give or learn the 
first rudiments. 

Commensal, -aux, p. ko-mang-sal, -soe, p. 
sm. and adj. one admitted to the same table, 
that cats at the same table. 

Commkns u.itk, ko-ma-ng-saji-le-tai, sf. com- 
mensality, fellowship or right of table. 



Commensurabilite, ko-mang-seu-ra-he-le- 

iai, sf. commensurability, equal measure or 
proportion (vide obs. 4). 

Commensurable, Ico - mang - sm - rail, adj. 
commensurable, reducible to the same mea- 
sure. 

Comment, ko-mang, ad. interrog. how? in 
what manner? why? for what reason? 

Comment, ko-mang, int. what ! how 1 

Commentaire, ko-mang -tay re, sm. commen- 
tary, comment, exposition, annotation, elu- 
cidation, interpretation, remark, glossary ; 
historical memoirs. 

Commentateur, ko-mang-tah-tur, sm. com- 
mentator, expositor, annotator, writer of 
historical memoirs. 

Commenter, ko-mang-tai, vn. 1 r. to com- 
ment, annotate, expound, write notes, en- 
large ; speak maliciously. 

Commerage, ko-mai-ralije, sm. gossiping. 

Commekqable, ko-mair-sabl, adj. that may 
be negotiated, transferable, current, passa- 
ble. 

Commercable (billet), be-yay-ko-mair-sabl, 
sm. good safe bill. 

Cohmercant, -e, ko-mair-sang, -te, smf. 
trader, merchant, trafficker. 

Commeuqant, -e, ko-mair-sang, -te.. adj. 
trading, commercial, of trade, traffic, com- 
merce. 

Commerce, ko-mairsse,sm. commerce, traffic, 
trade, exchange of goods ; communication, 
correspondence ; society, intimacy, inter- 
course, acquaintance. 

Commerce delavie or du monde, ko-mairsse- 
duh-lah-vee or deu-mongde, sm. knowledge 
of the world (vide obs. 4). 

Commerce de nouvelles, ko-mairtse-duh- 
noo-vdl, sm. intercourse of news, corre- 
spondence. 

Commerce de GALanterie, ko-mairsse-duh- 
ghah-langt-ree, sm. intrigue, love affair. 

Commercer de, ko-mair-sai-duh, vn. 1 r. to 
commerce, trade, traffic, negotiate, hold 
intercourse. 

Commercial, -aux, p. ko-mair-syal . -syoe, p. 
adj. commercial, of trade, traffic, com- 
merce. 

Commere, ko-mayre, sf. gossip, god-mother ; 
newsmonger, prater, chatterer. 

Commets, ko-mey, pres. ind. of commettre, 
commit. 

Commettant, ko-may-tang, sm. employer, 
constituent, one who intrusts another with 
his concerns. 

Commettre, ko-mettr, va. 4 irr. to commit ; 
intrust, employ ; appoint ; compromise ; 
expose ; perpetrate, do a fault or crime. 

Se commettre, suli-ko-me.ttr, vref. to commit, 
compromise, betray, expose, venture one's 
self. 

Commination, ko-me-nah-syong, sf. commi- 
nation, threat, denunciation of punishment. 

Comminatoire, ko-me-nah-ioo-ahre, adj. 
comminatory, threatening, denunciatory. 

Commis, ko-mee, sm. clerk, writer ; deputy - r 
exciseman. 

Commis, ko-mee, p. part, and pret. def. of. 
commettre, committed. 

Commiseration, ko-me-zai-rah-syong, sf. 
commiseration, pity, compassion, sensibili- 
ty, humanity. 

Commissaire, ko-me-sayre, sm. commissary, 
delegate, deputy • commissioner ; overseer. 

113 



COM 



COM 



Commissaire DE guerre, ko-me-sayre-duh- 
ghayre, sm. muster-master. 

Commissaire de police, ko-me-sayre-duh- 
po-leess, sm. justice of the peace. 

Commissaire des pauvres, ko-me-sayre-day- 
poevr, s?n. overseer of the poor. 

Commissaire priseur, ko-me-sayre-pree-zur, 
sm. auctioneer ; sequestrator. 

Commission, ko-me-syong, sf. commission, 
charge, mandate, office; message ; tribunal; 
agency. 

Commissionaire, ko-me-syo-nayre, sm. agent, 
factor, steward ;.messenger, message-bearer. 

Commissionner, ko-me-syo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
commission, empower, appoint. 

Commissure, ko-me-seur, sf. commissure, 
joint, place where one part is joined to 
another. 

Commodat, ko-modah, sm. voluntary loan, 
to be returned in kind at a fixed time. 

Commode, ko-rnod,sf. chest of drawers, com- 
mode, bureau, woman's head-dress. 

Commode, Jco-mod, adj. commodious, conve- 
nient, suitable, useful, mild, easy ; lax, 
favorable. 

Commodement, ko-mo-dai-mang, ad. com- 
modiously, conveniently ; agreeably, with 
ease. 

Commodite, ko-mo-de-tai, sf. eommodious- 
ness, conveniency ; favorable opportunity ; 
proximity. 

Commodites, ko-mo-de-tai, sfp. privy, neces- 
sary house ; place of retirement. 

Commodites d'une maison, ko-mo-de-taie- 
deun-mai-zong, sfp. accommodation. 

Commodore, ko-mo-dorr, sm. commodore, 
commander of a squadron of ships. 

Commotion, ko-mo-syong, sf. commotion, tu- 
mult, disturbance, perturbation, agitation, 
disorder of mind. 

Commuable, ko-meu-abl, ndj. commutable, 
changeable, possible to be changed (vide 
obs. 4). 

Commuer, ko-meu-ai, va. 1 r. to commute, 
exchange, change, mitigate (vide obs. 4). 

Commun, ko-mung, sm. commonalty, gener- 
ality, bulk of the people, vulgar, inferior 
servants. 

Commun, -e, ko-mung, -meunn, adj. common ; 
public, general ; vulgar, mean ; frequent, 
ordinary, usual. 

Commun (en), ang-ko-mvng, ad. in common, 
together, in society, jointly. 

Communaute, ko-meu-noe-tai, sf. commu- 
nity ; religious society, corporation ; body 
of, profession (vide obs. 4). 

Communaux, ko-meu-noe, smp. pasture of 
the commons ; common pasturage. 

Commune, ko-meun, sf. corporation, politic 
body of a town, &c. ; parish. 

Communes, ko-meune, sfp. commons, house 
of commons (vide obs. 4). 

Communement, ko-meu-nai-mang, ad. com- 
monly, generally, usually (vide obs. 4). 
Cela se dit communement, that is a common 
way. 

Communement parlant, ko-meu-nai-mang- 
par-lung, ad. exp. generally speaking. 

Communiant, -e, ko - meu-ne- ang, -t, smf. 
communicant, partaker of the Lord's sup- 
per. 
Communicable, Tco-meu-ne-kabl, adj. com- 
municable, talkative, sociable, easy of ac- 
cess, catching (vide obs, 4). 
114 



Communicatif, -ve, ko-meu-ne-kah-terf. -teev, 
adj. communicative, imparting knowledge, 
&6. 

Communication, ko-meu-ne-kah-syong, if. 
communication, intercourse, correspond- 
ence, conversation, conference ; society. 

Communier, ko-meu-wyai, va. and n. 1 r. to 
communicate, receive or administer the 
sacrament. 

Communion, ko-iwu-nyong, sf. communion, 
celebration of the Lord's supper, fellow- 
ship. 

Communiquer, ko-meu-ne-kai, va. 1 r. to com- 
municate, impart, produce, have corres- 
pondence. 

Se communiquer, suh-ko-meu-ne-kai, vref. 
to be familiar, sociable ; converse freely. 

Commutatif, -VE, ko-meu-tah-teef, -teev, adj. 
commutative, transferable (vide obs. 4). 

Commutation, ko-meu-tah-syong, sf. com- 
mutation, alteration ; exchange, ransom. 

Compacite, kong-pah-se-lai, sf. compactness, 
firmness, density, closeness. 

Compacts, kong-packt, adj. compact, firm, 
solid, close, dense ; brief, concise. 

Compagne, kong-pah-ing-yuh, sf. companion, 
consort, friend, partner ; wife ; mate. 

Compagnie, kong-pah-inq-ye, sf. company, 
society, association, fellowship, partner- 
ship ; corporation, subdivision of a regi- 
ment. 

Compagnon, J;ong-pah-ing-yong, sm. com- 
panion, compeer, friend, partner, associate ; 
fellow-journeyman. 

Compagnon (traiter de pair a), tray-tai- 
duh-pair-aJikong-pah-ingyoiir/, v. 1 r. to 
be hail fellow well met. 

Compagnonage, kong - pah - ing - yo - nahje, 
sm. companionship, fellowship, society of 
journeymen, time served after one's appren- 
ticeship. 

Comparable, kong-pah-rauJ, adj. compara- 
ble, equal to, like, similar, of equal regard. 

Comparais, kong-pult-rey , pres. ind. of com- 
parative, appear. 

Comparaison, kong pah-ray-zong, sf. com- 
parison ; parallel ; resemblance, confor- 
mity ; confrontation. 

Comparaissant, kong-pafi-ray-sang, pres. 
part, of romparaitre, appearing. 

Comparaitre, kong-pah-reytr, vn. 4 irr. to 
appear, answer in a court of justice. 

Comparant, -E, kon/j-pah-rang, -1, smf. and 
adj. appearer ; appearing, answering in a 
court of justice. 

Comparatif, -ve, kong-pah-rah-teef, -v, sm. 
and adj. comparative ; parallel. 

Comparativement, kong-pah-rah-teee-mang, 
ad. comparatively, by comparison. 

Comparer, kongpah-rai, va. 1 r. to com- 
pare, assimilate, equal, parallel, confront. 

Se comparer a, suh-kong-pah-rai-ah, vrrf. 
to compare one's self, vie with, think one's 
self equal. 

Compartiment, 7,ong-par-te-mang, sm. com- 
partiment, compartment, division ; plot in 
a garden. 

Comfaru, Jmng-pah-reu, p. part, of com- 
paraitre, appeared. 

Comparus, kong -pah -reu, pret. def. of com- 
paraitre, appeared. 

Comparction, kong-pnh-reu-syong, sf. ap- 
pearance in a court of justice (vide obs. 4). 

Compas, kong-phh, sm. compass, circle, com- 



COM 



COM 



passes ; space, room, limits ; inclosure, cir- 
cumference ; moderation. 
t'oMPAS DE COBDONNIEB, kong-p'ah-duhdior- 
do-ni/ai, an. shoemaker's size, gauge. 

Compas DE PROPORTION, koity-pah-duh-pro- 
por-syong, an. sector, instrument to mea- 
sure or lay down angles. 

Compas DE mer, kong-phh-duh-mair, sm. 
sea-compass, card and needle of mariners. 

Compassement, kong-pass-mang, an. mea- 
suring ; cold and affected circumlocution ; 
remote tendency of talk. 

Compasser, kong-pah-sai, va. 1 r. to measure 
with compasses ; proportion ; weigh men- 
tally, consider, order well. 

Compassion*, kong-pahsyontf, *f. compassion, 
pity, commiseration, sensibility, painful 
sympathy. 

Compatibilite, Jcong-pah-te-be-le-tai, ff. com- 
patibility, consistency, harmony, suitable- 
ness. 

Compatible, kong-pdh-teehl, adj. compatible, 
suitable to, fit for, consistent with, agree- 
able. 

Compatir a, Jtong-pah'-ieer-ah, on. 2 r. to 
compassionate, commiserate, pity, sym- 
pathize , suit, agree ; bear with. 

Compatissant, -E, kongpalite-sang, d. adj. 
compassionate, inclined to pity, humane-, 
sensible, tender. 

Compatriote, kong-pah-tre-yoti, sm/. coun- 
tryman, countrywoman, one bom in the 
same country. 

Compendium, kong-paing-de-yom, sm. com- 
pendium, abridgment, summary, breviate. 

Compensation, kong-pang -xah-syong, sf. 
compensation, remuneration, requital, 
equivalency. 

Comfenser, knng-pang-sai, va. 1 r. to com- 
pensate, recompense, counterbalance, coun- 
tervail. 

Comperage, kong-pai-raJije, an. duty of a 
god-father and god-mother ; gossiping, 
tattle ; tippling. 

Compere, kong-payre, sm. god-father; gos- 
sip, sponsor ; compeer, jovial fellow, cun- 
ning blade. 

Competsmmext, long - pai - tali • mang, ad. 
competently, sufficiently, adequately, suit- 
ably. 

Competence, iong-pai-tangsse, sf. compe- 
tency, power of judging, capacity ; com- 
petition. 

Competent, -e, kong-paidang. -t, adj. com- 
petent, capable ; sufficient, suitable ; qual- 
ified, fit, consistent with. 

Competer, kemg-pai-tai, vn. 1 r. to belong, 
be the province or business of. 

Competiteur, kongpaidr-tur, an. competi- 
tor, rival, opponent, candidate, concurrent. 

Compilateur, kong-pedahdur, am. compiler, 
plagiary ; collector of passages from va- 
rious authors. 

Compilation, kong-pedah-syong, sf. compila- 
tion, collection ot passages from various 
authors, assemblage, coacervation. 

Compiler, kong-pedai, va. n. 1 r. to com- 
pile, collect from various authors ; write, 
compose. 

Complaints, kong-plaingte, sf. complaint, 
accusation ; remonstrance against. 

Complaire, kong-playre, vn. 4 irr. to be 
complaisant ; please, humor, comply with, 
gain the approbation. 



j Se complaire. suhdcong-phiyre, vrtf. to take 
delight or pleasure in, please, admire one's 
self. 

Complais, kong-jdey, pres. ind. of complaire, 
please. 

Complaisance, Jcong-play-zangsse, sf. com- 
plaisance, complacency, civility, desire of 
pleasing; attention; condescendence. 

Complaisant, -e, kong-play-zang, -t, adj. 
complaisant, civil, attentive, courteous, de- 
sirous to please. 

Complaisant, kong-plai-sang, pies. part, of 
complaire. pleasing. 

Complant, kong-plang, an. vineyard, ground 
planted with vines and trees. 

Complement, kong-plai-mang, sm. comple- 
ment, completion, perfection, complete set 
or provision. 

CoyiPLvr, kong-play, sm. completeness, whole, 
totality. 

Complet, -E. kong-play, de, adj. complete, 
perfect, full, entire ; finished, ended, con- 
cluded. 

Completement, kong-plait-mang, sm. com- 
plement, fulfilling, accomplishment ; act 
of completing. 

Completement, kong-playte-mang, ad. com- 
pletely, entirely, fully, in a complete man- 
ner. 

Completer, kong-plaidai, va. 1 r. to com- 
plete, perfect, finish. 

Complexe, kong-plecks, adj. complex, com- 
posite, of many parts. 

Complexion, kong-phek-synng, sf. complex- 
ion, constitution, habit of body ; disposi- 
tion, humor, inclination 

Complexionne, -e, kong-pleck-syo-nai, -e, 
adj. of a constitution, good or bad tem- 
pered, framed, constituted. 

Complication, kongpledMh-syong, sf. com- 
plication, involution, mixture, compound. 

Complice, kong-pleess, sm/. and adj. com- 
plice, accomplice, confederate ; united in a 
league or plot. 

Complicite, kong-ple-sedai, sf. confedera- 
tion, participation in a crime, &c. 

Complies, kong-plee, s/p. last evening pray- 
ers in the church of Rome. 

Compliment, kong-ple-mang, sm. compli- 
ment, congratulation, civility. 

Complementer, kongple-mangdai, va. and 
n. 1 r. to compliment ; flatter ; make or 
pay compliments. 

Complimenteur, hong -pie - many - fur, sm. 
complimenter, flatterer, one given to com- 
pliments. 

Complio.ce, e, Tcong-ple-kai, -e, adj. compli- 
cate, confused, complex ; compound of 
many parts. 

Compliquer, krmg-ple-kai, va. 1 r. to com- 
plicate, entangle, form by the union of 
several parts. 

Complot, kong-plo, sm. complot, plot, con- 
spiracy, confederacy in some secret crime, 
criminal union. 

Comploter, kong-plodai, va. 1 r. to complot, 
form a plot, conspire. 

Complu, kong-pleu, p. part, of complaire, 
pleased. 

Complus, kong-pleu, pret. def. of complaire, 
pleased. 

COMPONCTION, kong-pongk-syong, sf. com- 
punction, remorse, repentance, contrition. 

Comforter, kong-pordai, va. and n. 1 r. to 

115 



COM 



CON 



comport, bear, permit, allow, endure; 
agree, suit. Le temps le comporte, the time 
requires it. 

Se comporter, suhkong-por-tai, vref. to be- 
have, act, conduct one's self. 

Compose, kong-po-zai, sm. compound, mass 
of ingredients united together, mixture. 

Compose, -e, kong-po-zai, -e, adj. composed ; 
sedate ; calm, serious, grave, circumspect, 
reserved. 

Composer, kong-po-zai, va. 1 r. to compose, 
form a mass ; calm, quiet ; adjust, ar- 
range, dispose, settle. 

Composer, kong-po-zai, vn. 1 r. to agree, 
yield to ; capitulate, come to terms ; com- 
pound. 

Se composer, suli-hong-po-zai, vref. to feign, 
dissemble, make a show of what one is 
not, to obtain some end ; consist in, be 
formed of. 

Composite, knng-po-zeet, sm. composite, mix- 
ture of the Ionic and Corinthian orders.^ 

Composite, kong-po-zeel, adj. composite ; 
compounded; divisible exactly, conclu- 
sive. 

Compositeur, Imng-po-ze-tur, sm. composer, 
compositor, compounder. 

Composition, kong-poze-syong, sf. compo- 
sition ; mixture, incorporation ; arrange- 
ment, disposition ; agreement, stipulation ; 
junction. 

Composteur, kony-poss-tur, sm. composing, 
setting stick. 

Compote, kong-pott, sf. sweetmeats, fruits 
preserved with sugar, stew. 

En COMPOTE, ang-ki/ng-pott, ad.exp. too much 
boiled ; done ; bruised, mauled black and 
blue. 

Comprehensible, kony-prai-ang-seell, adj. 
comprehensible, intelligible, conceivable. 

Comprehension, kong-praiang-syong, sf. 
comprehension, apprehension, rapacity, 
knowledge ; inclusion. 

Comprenant, kong-pruh-nang, pres. part, of 
comprendre, understanding. 

Comprendre, kong-prangdr, va. 4 irr. to 
comprehend, include, comprise, contain ; 
mention ; apprehend, conceive, perceive. 

Comprenne, kong-prenn, pres. subj. of com- 
prendre, may understand. 

Comprennent, kong-prenn, 3 pers. pi. pres. 
ind. of comprendre, comprehend. 

Compresse, kong-press, sf. compress ; pad, 
quilt, bolster for a wound. 

Compressibiute, kong-pray-se-be-le-tai, sf. 
compressibility, capability of compression. 

Compressible, kong -pray - seebl, adj. com- 
pressible, yielding to pressure, that may 
be compressed. 

Compression, kong-pray-syong, sf. compres- 
sion, compressure ; oppression ; weight, 
heaviness. 

Comprimer, kony-premai, va. 1 r. to com- 
press, press close, contract,repress, prevent. 
Compuis, kong-pree, p. part, and pret. def. 
of comprendre, comprehended, understood. 
Compromets, kong-pro-mey, pres. ind. of 

compromettre, compromise. 
Compromettre, kong-pro-mettr, va. 4 irr. to 
compromise ; expose, embarrass, bring 
into question. 
Compromettre, kong-pro-mettr, vn. 4 irr. to 
compromise, refer to arbitrators, make mu- 
tual concessions. 
116 



Se compromettre, suh-kong-pro-nnt/r, vref. 
to compromise one's self, exceed one's 
power, itc. 

Compromis, kong-pro-m.ee, sm. compromise, 
deed of agreement. 

Compromis, kong-pro-mee, p. part, and pret. 
def. of compromettre, compromised. 

Comptable, kong-tabl, sm. and adj. account- 
ant ; accountable, responsible, answerable. 

Comptabilite, kong-tah-be-te-tai, sf. respon- 
sibility ; office of accountant ; office. 

Comptant, kong-tang, sm. and adj. money ; 
ready ; as, argent comptant, ready money. 

Compte, kongte, sm. account, profit, advan- 
tage ; report ; supposition, responsibility, 
bargain. 

Compte borgne, kongte-bor-ing-yuh, sm. sus- 
picious account. 

Compte rond, konyte-rony, sin. even money, 
exact payment. 

Compte (au bout du), o-boo-deu-kongte. ad. 
exp. at last, after all, every thing consid- 
ered. » 

A compte, ali-kongte, sm. money on account, 
payment in part. 

Compte, -e, kony-tai, -e, adj. counted, de- 
liberate, circumspect, wary, slow. 

Compte (tout), too-kony-tai, ad. exp. every 
thing considered, deducied. 

Compter, kony-tai, va. 1 r. to count, sum 
up, compute; pay; esteem, value, regard, 
expect, wait for ; reckon, think. • 

Compter, kony-tai, vn. 1 r. to come to a set- 
tlement, close, discharge an account, rely, 
depend upon, intend. • 

Compteur, kony-tur, sm. accountant, ac- 
comptant, computer, reckoner, calculator. 

Comptoir, kong-too-ar, sm. counter, count- 
ing-house; office, factory (vide obs. 6). 

Compulser, kony-peul-sai, va. 1 r. to sum- 
mon, call in a court of justice, examine 
registers in a court (vide obs. 4). 

Compulsoir, kony-peul-soo-ar, sm. warrant ; 
compulsion ; power of compelling in a 
court. 

Comput, kony-peu, sm. computation of time, 
calculation, astronomical supputation 
(vide obs. 4). 

Computiste, konypeu teest, sm. computist, 
calculator, chronologist, one skilled in 
computation. 

Comte, kongte, sm. count, title of foreign 
nobility, earl. 

Comte, kony-tai, sm. county, earldom ; shire. 

Comtesse, kony-tess, sf. countess, lady of an 
earl, or of a foreign count. 

Concasser, kony-kali-sai, va. 1 r. to pound, 
beat, grind with a pestle ; bruise, mangle 
with blows. 

Concatenation, kong-kah-tai-nah-syony, sf. 
concatenation, series, chain, connection ; 
climax. 

Concave, kong-kav, adj. concave, hollow, 
excavated. 

Concavite, kongkah-ve-tai, sf. concavity, 
hollowness. 

Conceder, kong-sai-dai, va. 1 r. to concede, 
grant, admit. 

Concentration, kony-sany-trah-si/nng, sf. 
concentration ; meditation, thoughtfulness. 

Concentre, -e, kong-sang-trai, -e, adj. medi- 
tative, thoughtful, melancholy, silent ; 
very strong. 

Concentrer, kong-sang-trai, va. 1 r. to con- 



cox 



CON 



centrate, draw towards the centre ; con- 
ceal ; meditate, muse deeply. 

Se CONCEN'trer, suh-lcongsang trad, vref. to 
be sad, melancholy, thoughtful, coneen- 
trate one's self. 

CONCENTRIQtJE, kortg-sang-treek, adj. con- 
centrical, having a common centre. 

Conception, fcong-sep-xyohg, sf. conception; 
apprehension ; notion, idea, sentiment, pur- 
po.-e. conceit, thought. 

Conception i.ourde, kong-sep-ayougdoorde, 
sf. dull genius. 

Conceftif, -vk, kong-sep-teef, -r, adj. con- 
ceptive, capable to conceive, productive. 

Concernant, kong - sair - »«»g, prep, con- 
cern in. u: ; upon; relating to. 

Concerner, kong-sair-nai, va. 1 r. to con- 
cern ; relate, belong to ; interest, engage, 
disturb, make uneasy. 

CONCERT, kong-sair, am. concert ; symphony, 
harmony ; consent, concurrence, mutual 
understanding. 

CONCERTANT, -E, kongsair-tang, -te, sm/. 
performer in a concert, musician. 

Concerts, -e, kong-sair-tai, -e, adj. con- 
certed, resolved, agreed upon unanimous- 
ly, studied, affected, adjusted, composed. 

Concerter, kong-sair-tai, va. 1 r. to con- 
cert, project, settle iu private ; contrive, 
adjust. 

Concerter, kong-sair-tai, vn. 1 r. to give a 
concert, play in a concert, perform a part 
of music. 

Se concerter, suh-kong-sair-tai, vref. to 
advise together, settle by mutual commu- 
nication. 

Concerto, kong-aair-to, sm. piece of music 
adapted to several instruments or a full 
orchestra. 

Concession, kong-say-syong, sf. concession ; 
grant. 

Concessionnaire, kong-say-syo-nayre, am/. 
grantee, receiver by grant or indulgence. 

Concetti, kong say-tee, smp. fine thoughts; 
jests, witty repartees; conceit, fancy, re- 
pute, esteem. 

Concevablb, kongsse-vaM, adj. conceivable, 
imaginable, intelligible, comprehensible. 

CoNCEVOIR, kongsse-voo-ar, va. 3 r. to con- 
ceive, imagine, comprehend, understand ; 
invent, express (vide obs. 6). 

Concevoir, kongsae-voo-ar, vn. 3 r. to con- 
ceive, think, have an idea of; become 
pregnant. 

Se concevoir, siih-kongsse-voo-ar, vref. to 
be easily understood (vide obs. (J). 

Conche, kongsh, sf. salt-pit, second bed of a 
salt-marsh. 

Conchoide, kong-ko-eed, t>f. conchoid, curve 
line approaching perpetually near to a 
straight line without taction. 

Conchyliologie, kong-ke-le-o-lo-hjee, sf. con- 
chology, treatise on the nature of shells. 

Concierge, kong • syairhje, smf. steward, 
housekeeper, keeper of a palace, &C, jailer. 

Conciergerie, kong-syairhje-ree, sf. stew- 
ardship, housekeeper's lodge or office ; 
prison. 

Conctle, hong-seel, am. council ; assembly of 
persons to consult together, body of privy 
counsellors. 

Concilia rcle, lcongse-lyah-beul, am. con- 
venticle; illegal assembly ; secret meeting 
of conspirators (vide obs. 4). 



Conciliant, -e, kongse-lyang, -te. adj. con. 
ciliaiing ; gentle, mild, peaceable, pacific, 
soothing. 

CONCILIATEUR, - TRICE, 7.0/1// - ae. ■ h/nli - fur, 

tretsa, sm/. conciliator, peacemaker, recon- 
ciler. 

Conciliation, kong-sedyah-nyong, sf. con- 
ciliation, friendly mediation ; agreement, 
reconciliation. 

Conciliek, kong-se-lyai, va. 1 r. to concili- 
ate, gain ever ; reconcile ; acquire, gain, 
attract. 

Se concilier, suh-kong-selyai, vref. to pro- 
cure, gain, acquire, obtain ; agree together. 

Con CIS, -e, tang-see, -re, adj. concise, brief, 
short, compressed. 

Concision, kong- see -sq/ong, sf. concision, 
conciseness, brevity, shortness, compres- 
sion. 

Concitoyen, -ne, long - se - too - ah - yaing, 
■yenn, sm/. fellow-citizen ; burgess ; coun- 
tryman, countrywoman. 

Conclamation, kong-klah-mah-syong, a/. 
conclamation, outcry. 

Conclave, kong-klav, sm. conclave, assem- 
bly of cardinals ; private apartment. 

Conclaviste, kong -klah-c teat, sm. member 
of the conclave. 

Conclu, kong-kleu, p. part, of conclure, con- 
cluded. 

Concluant, kong-kleu-ang, pres. part, of con- 
clure, concluding. 

Concluant, -e, kong-kleu-ang, -te, adj. con- 
cludent, decisive, regularly consequen- 
tial. 

Conclure, kong-kleur, va. and n. 4 irr. to 
conclude, finish, terminate ; agree upon ; 
infer, decide, determine, convince. 

Conclus, kong-kleu, pres. ind. and pret. def. 
of conclure, conclude, concluded. 

Conclcsif, -VE, kong-kleu-zeef, -v, adj. con- 
clusive, decisive ; determinate, consequen- 
tial, fixed (vide obs. 4). 

Conclusion, kxmg-kleu-zyong, a/, conclusion, 
determination, decision ; consequence ; 
close, end, upshot (vide obs. 4). 

Conclusion, kong-ldeu-zyong, ad. in short ; 
briefly ; in one word (vide obs. 4). 

Conclusions, kong-kleu-syonghe, a/p. de- 
mands, pretensions ; request ; award. 

Concombre, hong-kongbr, am. cucumber (a 
plant). 

Concomitance, kong-kp-me-tangsse, sf. con- 
comitance, union, concurrence, conjunc- 
tion, association. 

Concomitant, -e, kono-ko-me-tang, -te, adj. 
concomitant, conjoined, concurrent, united 
with. 

Concordance, hong-kor-dangsse, if. con- 
cordance, agreement ; relation, fitness ; 
concord. 

Concordant, -e, kong -kor -dang, -t?, adj. 
concordant, agreeing, correspondent, suit- 
able. 

Concordat, kong-kor-dah, sm. concordat, 
compact, convention ; agreement. 

Concorde, kong kord, sf. concord, agree- 
ment ; peace, union, harmony, consent ; 
grammatical relation. 

Concorder. hong-kor-dai, vn. 1 r. to be in 
unison, agree, concur ; he united with. 

Concourant, -e, hong-koo-rang, -te, adj. 
concurrent, acting in conjunction, con- 
comitant. 

117 



CON 



CON 



Concourant, Tcomg-koo-rang, pies. part, of 
concourir, concurring. 

Concourir, kong-koo-reer, vn. 2 irr. to con- 
cur, conjoin, agree ; conspire, contribute ; 
stand in competition. 

Concourrai, kong-koor-rai, fut. of concou- 
rir, will concur. 

Concourrais, kong -koor -ray, condit. of con- 
courir, would concur. 

Concours, kong -koor, sm. concourse, con- 
currence ; union, conjuuction, combination 
of agents. 

Concours, kong-koor, pres. ind. of concou- 
rir, concur, 

Concouru, kong-koo-reu, p. part, of concou- 
rir, contributed. 

Concourus, kong-koo-reu, pret. def. of con- 
courir, concurred. 

Concret, -e, kong-kray, -te, adj. concrete, 
fixed, coagulated ; firm, solid, formed by 
concretion. 

Concretion, kong-kray -syong, sf. concre- 
tion, concrete, adherence, coagulation ; in- 
crustation, petrification. 

CONCrjBlSTAGE, kong-ku-be-nalije, sm. concu- 
binage, state of living with a woman not 
married. 

Concubine, kong -ku-been, sf. concubine, 
mistress. ' 

Concupiscence, kong-ku-pe-sangsse,sf. concu- 
piscence, irregular desire, libidinous wish. 

Concupiscent, -e, kong-ku-pe-sang, -te, adj. 
concupiscent, libidinous, lecherous. 

Concupiscible, kong-ku-pe-seebl, adj. con- 
cupiscible, impressing desire. 

Concurremment, kong-ku-rah-mang, ad. 
jointly, in concurrence, in competition. 

Concurrence, kong-ku-rangsse, sf. concur- 
rence, competition ; conjunction, union, 
combination, help. 

Concurrent, -e, kong-ku-rang, -te, smf 
concurrent, competitor, rival, opponent. 

Concussion, kong-ku-syong, sf. concussion, 
vexation, extortion ; imposition, shock. 

Concussionnaire, kong-ku-syo-nayre, sm. 
extortioner, exacter. 

Condamnable, kong - dali - nab] ', adj. con- 
demnable, blamable, culpable, criminal. 

Condemnation, kong -dah-nah -syong, sf. 
condemnation, sentence of punishment. 

Condamner, kong-dah-nai, va. 1 r. to con- 
demn, find guilty, doom to punishment, 
blame, censure, shut up. 

Condamner une porte, fenetre, &c, 
kong-dah-nai-eun-port, fuhneytr, jj»c, to 
nail, stop, shut up a door, window. 

Se condamner suhkong-dah-nai. vref. to 
condemn, accuse, blame one's self. 

Condensation, kong -dang -sah-syong, sf. con- 
densation, thickening. 

Condenser, kong -dang -sai, va. 1 r. to con- 
dense, make thick, close, weighty ; con- 
solidate. 

Se condenser, suh-kong-dang-sai, vref. to 
condensate, grow thick, dense, compact. 

Condescendance, Icong -day -sang -dang sse, 
sf. condescendence; compliance, affability, 
courteousness. 

Condescendant, -e, kong-dai-snngdang, -1e, 
adj. condescensive, courteous, compliant, 
civil, complaisant. 

Condescendre a, kong-day-snngd rah, rn. 
4 r. to condescend, stoop, bend ; yield, con- 
sent, comply with. 
118 



Condigne, kong -deeng -yuh, adj. condign, 
suitable, deserved, merited. 

Condiment, kong-de-mang, sm. condiment, 
seasoning, sauce, relish. 

Con disciple, kong-de-seepl, sm. condisciple, 
schoolfellow. 

Condition, kong - de - syong, sf condition; 
rank ; profession, state, nobility ; place, 
situation, offer, stipulation ; temper. 

A condition, souscondition, ahkong-de- 
syong or soo-kong-de-syong, ad. on, upon 
condition. 

A condition QUE, ah-kong-de-syong-k\ih, 
conj. governing the subj. mood, on condition 
that, provided that. 

Conditionne, -e, kong-de-syo-nai, -e, adj. 
conditioned, having qualities or properties, 
good, bad. 

Conditionnel, -le, kong-de-syo-neV, adj. 
conditional, restrictive, depending upon 
circumstances. 

Conditionnellement, kong - de - syo-nell- 
iiutng, ad. conditionally, according to cir- 
cumstances. 

Conditionner, kong-de-syo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
restrict, limit ; qualify ; dispose, make, 
work, arrange well or badly. 

Con dole ance, kong-do-lai-angsse, sf. condo- 
lence, condolement, grief, sorrow for the 
afflictions of another. 

Conducteur, kong-deuk-tur, sm. conductor, 
leader, guide, manager, overseer, director. 

Conductrice, kong-deuk-treess, sf. conduc- 
tress, manager, woman at the head of an 
establishment. 

Conduire, kong-deu-eer, va. 4 irr. to con- 
duct, lead, guide ; attend, accompany ; in- 
spect, direct, manage ; command, govern. 

Se conduire, suh-Jtong-deu-eer, vref. to con- 
duct, behave, guide one's self; be master 
of one's conduct (vide obs. 4). 

Conduis, kong-deu-e, pres. ind. of conduire, 
conduct. 

Conduisant, Jcong-deu-e-zang, pres. part, of 
conduire, conducting. 

Conduisis, kong-deu-e-zee, pret. def. of con- 
duire, conducted. 

Conduit, kong-deu-e, sm. conduit, canal, 
pipe, conveyance of waters (vide obs. 4). 

Conduit, -e, kong-deu-ee, -t, p. part, of co/i- 
duire, conducted. 

Conduite, kong-deti-eet, sf. conduct, man- 
agement, care, economy ; leading of troops, 
convoy ; behavior, life, good or bad. 

Condyle, kong-deel, sm. knuckle, joint, ar- 
ticulation, prominence of the fingers, knees, 
ankles, <fec. 

Cone, kone, sm. cone, circular body ending 
in a point. 

Confection, kong-feck-syong, sf. confection, 
sweetmeat?; composition, mixture, electu- 
ary. 

Confederation, kong-faidai-ralx-syony, sf. 
confederation, league, alliance, confedera- 
cy, union, engagement. 

Confedere, -e, kong-faidai-rai, -e, smf. 
and adj. confederate, ally ; united in a 
league. 

Confederer (se), suh-kong-fai-dai-rai , vref. 
1 r. to confederate, unite in a league ; form 
an alliance. 

Conference, kong-fai-rangsse, sf. confer- 
ence, meeting, parley, oral discussion ; 
formal discourse. 



CON 

Conferee, kong-fai-rai, ra. 1 r. to confer, 
compare, collate ; give, bestow ; grant 

Conferer, kong fai rai, vn. 1 r. to confer, 
reason, speak, discourse with another upon 
a stated subject, conduce to. 

CONFESS E, kong -fens, sf. used in the sing, and 
■trillion/ art., confession, acknowledgment 
of a crime to a priest. 

COSFESSER, long-fai-sai, ra. 1 n to confess, 
acknowledge, open, disclose, own, avow, 
grant ; hear the confession. 

Beconfesser, suh-kong-faisai, vref. to con- 
fess, make confession to a priest. 

CONFESSEDR, kong-fay-sur, sm. confessor; 
follower of Christ, priest ; penitent. 

Confession, kong-faysyovg. sf. confession; 
acknowledgment of a crime ; articles of 
faith. 

Confessional, -aux, p. kong-fay-syo-nal, 
-oe, p. sm. confessional, confessionary. 

Confiance, kong-fyangsse, sf. firm belief, 
trust, hope, reliance ; security, honest bold- 
ness, assurance ; presumption. 

Confiant, -e, kong-fyang, -te, adj. confi- 
dent ; bold, presumptuous, impudent ; posi- 
tive ; sanguine. 

Confidemhent, kong-fe-dah-mang, ad. con- 
fidentially, in a confidential manner. 

Confidence, kong-fe-dangsse, sf. confidence, 
trust, reliance; secret, secrecy; intimacy. 

Confident, -e, kong-fe.-da.ug, -te, smf. conti- 
dant, person trusted with private affairs. 

Confiek, hong-fyai, va. 1 r. to intrust, treat 
with confidence, charge with. 

Se CONFier, suh-kong fyai, vref. to confide 
in, trust, rely upon, unbosom, disclose 
one's mind. 

Configuration, kong-fe-gheu-rah-syong, sf. 
configuration, form, fashion, make. 

Confinek, kong-fe nai, va. 1 r. to confine, 
shut up, imprison ; limit, restrain, tie up to. 

Confiner a, kong-fe-nai-ah, en. \r. to bor- 
der upon, touch on different territories. 

Confins, kong-faingh , smp. confines, limits, 
boundary, border, edge, utmost reach. 

Confire, kong-feer, va. 4 irr. to confect, 
make up into sweetmeats or pickles. 

Confire une peau, kony-feer-eun-po, v. to 
prepare, dress a skin. 

Confirmatif, -TE, kong-feer-mah-teef, -v, 
adj. confirmatory, corroborative, giving 
additional evidence. 

Confirmation, kong -feer - mah - syong, sf. 
confirmation, ratification, evidence, addi- 
tional proof; religious rite. 

Confirmer, kong-feer-mai, ra. 1 r. to con- 
firm, establish, corroborate, strengthen, 
sanction, ratify. 

Se confirmer, siih-famg-feer-mai, vref. to 
be confirmed, authentic, past all doubt, in 
a state of convalescence. 

Confis, kong-r'ee, pres. ind. and pret. def. of 
con/ire, confect, confected. 

Confisant, kong-fe sang, pres. part, of con- 
fire, confectiu;;. 

Confiscable, kong-feess-kabl, adj. confisca- 
ble, forfeitable, liable to confiscation. 

Confiscation, kong-feess-kahsyong, sf. con- 
fiscation, forfeiture, transfer of forfeited 
goods to public use. 

Confiskur, -se, kong-fe-zur, -zuhze, smf. con- 
fectioner, maker of sweetmeats, dainties, 
&c. 

Confisque, ■'Eykong-fcess-kai, -e,adj. undone, 



CON 

ruined, despaired of, dead ; forfeited, con- 
fiscated. 

Confisquer, kxmg-feess-kai, va. 1 r. to con- 
fiscate, seize, forfeit, transfer to the public 
use by way of penalty. 

Confit, -E, kong-fee, -t, p. part, of confire, 
confected. 

Confiture, kong-fe-teur, sf. (generally used 
in the plu.) confiture, sweetmeat, confec- 
tion. 

Confiturier, -e, kong-fe-teu-ryai, -re, smf. 
seller of sweetmeats, dainties, preserves, 
confections. 

Conflagration, kong-flah-grah-syovg, sf. 
conflagration, extensive fire, inflammation. 

Conflit, kong-fle, sm. conflict, shock, vio- 
lent collision ; contention ; contest, skir- 
mish, combat ; struggle, agony. 

Confluent, Jcotig-fleu-ang, sm. conflux, con- 
fluence, junction of several streams; con- 
course. 

Confluent, -e, kong-fleu-ang, -te, adj. con- 
fluent, running one into another, meeting, 
uniting. 

Confondre, kong-fongdr, va. 4 r. to con- 
found, mingle, jumble together ; perplex, 
abash, astonish ; stupefy ; destroy. 

Conformation, kong-fpr-mahsyovg, sf. con- 
formation, formation of parts, constitution. 

Conforme, hong-form, adj. conform, similar ; 
agreeable, suitable ; conformable ; com- 
pliant. 

Conformement, kong -for -mai -mang, ad. 
conformably, suitably, agreeably ; accord- 
ing to. 

Conformer, kong -for -mai, va. 1 r. to con- 
form, assimilate, liken, reduce to the same 
appearance. 

Se CONFORMER, siJi-kong-for-mai, vref. to 
comply with, conform one's self, act ac- 
cording to. 

Conformists, kong-for-meest, smf. conform- 
ist, member of the English church. 

Conformite, kong-for-me-tai, sf. conformi- 
ty, similitude, resemblance, consistency ; 
resignation. 

Confort, kong-for, sm. comfort, support, as- 
sistance, countenance, consolation, allevia- 
tion of misery. 

Confortable, kong-for-tabl, adj_. comforta- 
ble, corroborative, strengthening, assua- 
sive, mitigating. 

Confoktatif, -ve, kong-for-tah-teef, -teev, 
adj. corroborant, fortifying, assisting, re- 
lieving. 

Confortation, kong-for-tah-si/ong,sf. invig- 
oration, strengthening, corroboration. 

Conforter, kong-for-tai, va. 1 r. to comfort, 
fortify, corroborate, strengthen, invigorate, 
enliven. 

Confraternite, kong-frah-tair-ne-fai, sf. 
confraternity, brotherhood, association of 
men, society^ 

Confrere, kong-frayre, sm. fellow-member, 
friar, brother. 

Confrerie, kong-frai-ree, sf. religious asso- 
ciation, society, brotherhood, fellowship. 

Confrontation, kang-frorig-taTi-syong, sf. 
confrontation, two evidences brought face 
to face ; collation, comparison. 

Confronter, kong-frong-tai, va. 1 r. to eon- 
front ; oppose one evidence to another, 
compare one thing with another. 

Confus, -e, kona-feu, -ze, adj. confounded, 

119 



CON 



CON 



mixed tog-ether ; indistinct, obscure : con- 
fused, abashed, bewildered; ashamed (vide 
obs. -J). 
Confinement, kong-feu-zaimang, ad. con- 
fusedly ; indistinctly, obscurely ; tumult- 
ously, hastily (vide obs. 4). 
Confusion, kotig-feu-zyong, sf. confusion, 
confused mixture ; disorder, profusion, af- 
fluence ; trouble ; modesty, shame. 
Conge, hang-hjai, sm. congee, permission, 
leave ; notice, discharge, warning ; play- 
day ; permit, furlough. Prendre — de 
quelqu'un, to take leave. Bonner — h son 
domestique, to dismiss. 

Congedier, fcong-hjai-dyai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
miss, discharge, send away, discard ; give 
leave, license. 

Congelation, Jcong-Tijai-lah-syong, sf. con- 
gelation, congealment, concretion, crystal- 
lization. 

Congeler, kong-hjuh-Jai, ra. 1 r. to con- 
geal, turn to ice, coagulate ; bind, fix, con- 
crete. 

Se congeler, suh-kong-hjuh-lai, vref. to con- 
geal, concrete, conglaciate. 

Congenial, -e, Jcong-hjai-nycil, adj. conge- 
nial, of the same nature, cognate. 

Congestion, Jeong-7ijess-tyong, sf. congestion, 
accumulation, collection, gathering. 

Conglobation., 7iong-glo-bah-syong, sf. con- 
globation, round body, accumulation of 
proofs. 

Conglomeration, 7;ong-g}o-mai-rah-syong, 
sf. conglomeration, ball of loose matter ; 
mixture, intertexture. 

Conglomerer, kong-gJo-mai-rai, ra. 1 r. to 
conglomerate, gather into a ball ; inter- 
mix. 

Conglutinant, -e, kong-gleu-le-pang, -te, 
adj, adhesive, viscous, sticky, glutinous, 
tenacious, healing (vide obs. 4). 

Conglutination, kong-gleute-nah-syonrj, sf. 
conglutination, glutinousuess, viscosity, 
healing of a wound. 

Conglutiner, kong-gleu-te-nai, ra. 1 r. to 
conglutinate, reunite, cement, inviscate, 
glue, join together. 

Congratulation, 7iong-gra7i-teu-lah-syong, 
sf. congratulation, profession of joy, felici- 
tation. 

Congratulf.r, kong-graJi-teudai, ra. 1 r. to 
congratulate, felicitate, rejoice in partici- 
pation. 

Congre, konggr, sm. conger, sea-eel. 

Congreganiste, l.ong-grai-gJiaJi-neest, smf. 
member of a congregation. 

Congregation , kong -grai - gah - syong, sf. 
congregation, mass, collection ; assembly 
met to worship God. 

Congregation des fideles, kong-grai-gah- 
syong-dey-fe-dett, sf. universal church. 

Congres, kong-greye, sm. congress, meeting, 
assembly of representatives to settle na- 
tional affairs. 

Congru, -e, Jcong-greu, -e, adj. congruous, 
agreeing, correspondent, competent, suita- 
ble, sufficient, precise, correct. 

Congiiuite, konggreu-e-tai, sf. congruity, 
consistency, fitness, suitableness, agreea- 
bleness. 

Conifere, ko-nefayre, adj. coniferous, bear- 
ing cones. 

Conique, ko-neek, adj. conic, conical, hav- 
ing the form of a cone. 
120 



Conjectural, -e, 7cong-7ijeck-leu-ral, adj. 
conjectural, hypothetical, depending on 
conjecture or supposition (vide obs. 4). 

Conjecturalement, kong - hjecJc - teu - ral - 
mang, ad. conjecturally,' by guess, by con- 
jecture. 

Conjecture, famg-hjeck-teur, sf. conjecture, 
guess, supposition, hypothesis, imperfect 
knowledge (vide obs. 4). 

Conjecturer, kong-hjcck-teu-rai, ra. 1 r. to 
conjecture, guess, suppose, judge by guess 
or conjecture. 

Conjectureur, -se, kong - hjeck - teu - rvr, 
■ruhze, smf. conjecturer, conjector, guesser, 
supposer. 

Conjoignant, 7;ong-7ijoo-ah-ing-yang, pres. 
part, of conjoindre, conjoining. 

Conjoignis, kong-hjooali-ing-yce, pret. def. 
of conjoindre, conjoined. 

Conjoindre, kong-7ijooaingdr, ra. 4irr. 1o 
conjoin, associate, connect, unite in mar- 
riage. 

Conjoins, kong-hjoo-aing, pres. ind. of con- 
joindre, conjoin. 

Conjoint, -e, kong-lijoo-aing, -te, adj. and 
p. part, of conjoindre, conjoint, conjoined, 
conjunct, concurrent, united, joined to- 
gether. 

Conjoints, kong-hjooaingh, smp. husband 
and wife, bride, bridegroom. 

Conjointement, kong -lijoo-aingte-mang , ad. 
conjointly, jointly together ;' in union, to- 
gether. 

Conjonctif, -te, long -Jijonghe -teef, -teev, 
adj. conjunctive, closely'united: sin. mood 
of a verb. 

Conjonction, konghjongke-syong, sf. con- 
junction, union ; congress of two planets, 
copulative particle. 

Conjoncture, kong-hjongkc-teur, sf. con- 
juncture, occasion^ critical time ; combina- 
tion of circumstances (vide obs. 4). 

Conjugaison, kong-hjc\:-gay-zong, sf. conju- 
gation, union, assemblage ; inflection of a 
verb. 

Conjugal, -e, konghjeu-ghal, adj. conjugal, 
matrimonial, belonging to marriage. 

Conjugalement, kong-lijeu-ghal-mang, ad. 
conjugally, matrimonially, like man and 
wife. 

Conjugue, -e, kong-lij<u-gai, -e, adj. con- 
junct, conjoined, concurrent, united two by 
two. 

Conjuguek, konghjeugai, ra. 1 r. to con- 
jugate, join in marriage ; unite ; inflect 
verbs. 

Conjungo, kong-hjong-go, sm. close writing, 
scrawl ; unreasonableness : ludicrously, 
marriage.. 

Conjurateur, kong-lijcu-rah-tur, sm. con- 
spirator, plotter ; conjurer ; pretended ma- 
gician, cunning man (vide obs. 4). 

Conjuration, Jcong-hjeu-rahsyong, sf. con- 
juration ; plot, conspiracy ; incantation, 
enchantment ; entreaty (vide obs. 4). 

Conjure, Jcong-hjeu-rai, sm. conspirator, 
plotter, confederate, factionary (vide obs. 
4). 

Conjurer, kong-hjeu-rai, va. 1 r. to conjure, 
conspire ; invoke ; implore, entreat earn- 
estly ; exorcise, adjure; avert. 

Conjurer, kong-hjeu-rai, vn. 1 r. to con- 
jure, conspire, plot together ; practise 
charms, enchantments (vide obs. 4). 



CON 



C()X 



C0NNAIS, ko-ney. pres. ind. of conna'iire, 
know. 

CONNAISSABLE, ko-nay-aabl, adj. (used with 
the negative, ne) easy to be known; 
changed, altered. 

Connaissance, ko-naysangsse, sf. knowl- 
edge, understanding, judgment ; acquaint- 
ance, familiar intercourse ; cognizance. 
Faire connaissance avec, to get acquainted. 

Connaissances, ko-nny-srtnyssi', sfp. learn- 
ing, profound knowle Ige. 

Connaissant, ko-nay-sang, pres. part, of 
eonnmtre, knowing. 

Connaisse.ment, ko-nayss-mang, sm. bill of 
lading. 

Connaisseur, -SE, ho-nay-sur, -suhze, emf. 
connoisseur, judge, critic. 

ConnaStre, ko-neytr, va. 4 irr. to know, 
understand, feel, experience, discern, dis- 
tinguish, perceive, admit. 

ConnaItre, ko-neytr, on. 1 irr. to be ac- 
quainted with, take cognizance, be inform- 
ed. 

Se CONNAitre, suh-ko-neytr, crrf. to have 
skill in, understand, know how, know 
one's self. Se /aire connaitre, to make 
one's self known. 

Connetable, ko-nai-tabl, sm. high consta- 
ble, great officer of the state, commander- 
in-chief. 

Connetabi.ie, ko-nai-tah-Mee, sf. constable- 
ship, high constable's jurisdiction ; mar- 
shal-hip. 

Connexe, hthnecks, adj. connected, joined, 
linked together. 

Connexion, ko-neek-syong, sf. connection, 
union, junction, just relation to, affinity. 

Connexite, ko-ni k-se-tai, sf. connection, re- 
lation to another thing, union, junction. 

Connivence, ko-ve-vangsse, sf. connivance, 
toleration, voluntary blindness, pretended 
ignorance. 

Conniver, ko-ne-vai, vn. 1 r. to connive, 
wink at, tolerate, forbear, pretend igno- 
rance. 

CONNU, 7/o-vew, p. part, of connaitre, known. 

CONNUS, kn-ncu, pret. def. of conxiatt) e, knew. 

Conqcassation, kong-Jcah-sah-syong, sf. con- 
quassation, reduction into pulp, agitation, 
concussion. 

Co>"Que. ko igke, sf. conch, shell, sea-shell ; 
spiral shell used by the Tritons ; cavity of 
the ear. 

Conqcerant, kovg-kai-ravg, sm. conqueror, 
victor, vanquisher. 

Conqcerant, -e, kong-kai-rang, -te, adj. 
victorious, conquering, superior in contest. 

Conquerant, kong-kai-rang, pres. part, of 
conqucrir, conquering. 

Conquerir, kong-kai-teer, va. 2 in-, to con- 
quer, vanquish, overcome, subdue, sur- 
mount, win, gain by conquest. 

Conqaterrai, kong-kair-rai, fut. of conqvi- 
rir, will conquer. 

Conqcerrais. Tamg-kair-ray, condit. of«m- 
querir, would conquer. 

ConQCKte, kong-kayte, sf. conquest, victory, 
subjection, acquisition, success. 

CONiiCiE!:!:, kong-kyair, pres. subj. of con- 
qudrir, may conquer. 

Conqatterent, kong-kyair, 3 pers. pi. pres. 
ind. oiconqu 

Conquiers, kong-kyair, pres. ind. of conque- 
rir, conquer. 

m 



Conquis, kong^kee, p. part, and pret. def. of 
conquer ir, conquered. 

Consacrer, kongsah-krai, ,-,,. ] ,-. to conse- 
crate, devote; dedicate, sacrifice; employ, 
sanction ; ordain. 

Se cossacrer, Ruh-kovg-sali-krai, vref. to 
devote one's self, give one s self up wholly, 
perpetually. 

Consanguin, -E, kong-sang-gh ting, -yheen, 
a<1j. related by the father's side. 

Consanguinite, kong-sang-gue-ne-tai, sf. 
consanguinity, relation by blood on the 
father's side. 

Conscience, kong-syangsse, sf. conscience, 
knowledge of ourselves, real sentiment, pri- 
vate thoughts, scruple, difficulty. 

En* conscience, ang-kong-syangsse, ad. exp. 
indeed, in truth, upon one's word. 

Consci encieusement, koni/ - syang - syuhze - 
many, ad. conscientiously, honestly, truly. 

Consciexcietjx, -se, kong - mjang - syuhe, 
-syuhze, adj. conscientious, scrupulous, ex- 
actly just. 

Conscription, kong-skreep-syong, sf. con- 
scription, enrolling. 

Conscrit, kong-skre, sm. and adj. conscript, 
raw soldier; novice ; Roman senator ; regis- 
tered, drawn by ballot. 

Consecrateur, kong-sai-kra7i-tiir. sm. con- 
secrator, ordainer, priest who says mass. 

Consecration, kong-sai-kruh-sgong, sf. con- 
secration, sanctification, dedication to God, 
declaration of holiness. 

Consecctif, -YE, kong-sai-ku-tei if, -v. adj. 
consecutive, successive ; consequential, fol- 
lowing. 



Uonsecctivemext, kong-sai-ku-teev-mang, 

elsiv<" 
terruption. 



ad. consecutively, successively, without in- 



Conseil, kong-sai-yuh, sm. counsel, advice, 
direction, deliberation, prudence; secrecy; 
scheme ; design ; council, assembly, body 
of privy counsellors ; consultation." 

Conseiller, kong-sag-i/ai, sm. counsellor, 
adviser, judge ; member of a council; bosom 
friend, confidant. 

Conseiller, kong-sai-yai, va. Ir. to counsel, 
give advice or counsel ; advise, inform. 

Conseilliere, kong-say-yayre, sf. counsel- 
lor's wife ; adviser, confidant, bosom-friend. 

CONSEILLEUR, -SE, kong-sny-y u r. -yuhse.Smf. 

(familiarly) adviser, officious person, inter- 
meddler, busy-body. 

Consens, kong-sang, sm. accepted resigna- 
tion of a benefice ; consent. 

Consens, kong-sang, pres. ind. of consenlir, 
consent. 

CONSENTANT, -E, kong-sang-t'iug, -1", adj. 
consenting, willing, ready, complying, fa- 
vorable to. 

CONSENTANT, Icong-sang-tang, pres. part, of 
consenlir, consenting. 

CoNSENTEMENT, kimg-sangte-mang, sm. con- 
sent. agreement, approbation, acquiescence, 
compliance. 

CONSENTIR a, kong-sang-U'frnli. m. 2 irr. 
to consent, agree to ; adhere, acquiesce, 
comply with. 

Consentir, kong-sang-teer, va. \r. to author- 
ize, sanction, justify, adhere to. 

CoNSEQUEMMENT. kong-sai-kah-mang, ad. 
consequently, necessarily, by or in conse- 
quence, accordingly. 

CONSEQUENCE, kong-sai-kangsse, sf. conse- 

121 



cox 



CON 



quence, deduction, conclusion ; importance, 
moment. 

Consequent, kong-sai-kang, sm. consequent, 
consequence, effect, result, inference. 

Consequent, -e, kong-sai-kang, -te., ad. con- 
sequent, deductive, consistent, just, ra- 
tional. 

Conservateur, kong-sair-vah-tur, sm. con- 
servator, preserver, protector, defender ; 
keeper. 

Conservation, kong-sair-rah-syong , sf. con- 
servation, continuance, protection, preser- 
vation. 

Conservatoire, kongsair-vah-too-ahre, sm. 
conservatory, asylum ; school of music, 
painting, kc. 

Conservatoire, kongsair-vah-too-ahre, adj. 
conservatory, preservative, preventive. 

Consekvatrice, kong-sair-cah-treess, sm. 
preserver, protectress ; keeper. 

Conserve, Icong-sairve, sf. conserve, pre- 
serve, sweetmeat, comfit, comfiture. 

Conserves, lcong-sairve, sfp. glasses to 
assist or preserve the eyes. 

Conserve, -e, kong-sair-vai, -e, adj. sound, 
fresh, strong 1 , green, vigorous. 

Conserver, kong-sair-vai, va. 1 r. to con- 
serve, take care of, watch, keep, preserve, 
retain, defend, maintain. 

Se conserver, suh-kong-sair-vai, vref. to 
keep, take care of one's self; wear well, 
carry one's age well. 

Considerable, 7cong-se-da4-rdbl, adj. con- 
siderate, great, important, worthy of con- 
sideration, valuable, respectable. 

Considerablement, kong-se-dai-rah bluh- 
mang, ad. considerably, much, in a great 
degree. • 

Considerant, -E, 7iong-se-dai-rang, -te, adj. 
considerate, attentive, prudent, circum- 
spect. 

Consideration, 7cong-se-dai-rah-syong, sf. 
consideration, regard, thought, attention, 
reason, importance, note, influence. 

Considerations, kong-se-dai-rah-sj/ong, sfp. 
observations, reflections, ideas, views. 

Considerement, 7,-ong-se-dai-rai-mang, ad. 
considerately, with prudence, coolly, cau- 
tiously. 

Considered,, 7,ong-se-dai-rai, va. 1 r. to con- 
sider ; examine, ponder ; appreciate ; re- 
quite, reward ; esteem, value ; have a re- 
gard for. 

Consign AT aire, kong-seeng-yah-tayre, sm. 
trustee, depositary^ 

Consignation, kong-seeng-yah-sj/ong, sf. con- 
signation, consignment, deposit, trust. 

Consigne, kongseeng-yuh, sm. commissary, 
who registers the names of strangers coming 
into a fortified town. 

Consigne, Jcong-seeng-yuh, sf. order, watch- 
word ; trust, deposit. 

Consigner, kong-seeng-yai, va. 1 r. to con- 
sign, commit, intrust, deposit ; insert, give 
the watchword ; register. 

Consist an ce, kong-seess-tangsse, sf. consis- 
tence ; denseness ; coagulation ; content ; 
appendage ; appurtenance. 

Consistant, -e, kongseess-tang, -te, adj. con- 
sistent, consisting in ; firm, solid, ' fixed, 
compact. 

Consister a, en, or dans, 7;ong-seess-tai-ali. 
ang, or dang, vn. 1 r. to consist, be com- 
posed of, comprised, contained in. 
122 



CoNSlSTOIRE, long-seess-too-nhre, sm. consis- 
tory, assembly, of cardinals, ecclesiastical 
court. 

Consistorial, -E, -AUX, p. kong-seess-to-ryal, 
-rgoe, p. adj. consistorial, of an ecclesiasti- 
cal court. 

Consistorialement, knng - seess - to - ryal - 
mang, ad. in an ecclesiastical court, consis- 
torial form. 

Consolable, kong-so-hihl, adj. consolable, 
comfortable, susceptible of alleviation. 

Consolant, -e, kong-so-lang, -te, adj. con- 
solatory, giving comfort, relieving from 
suspense. 

Consolateur. -trice, kong-so-lah-tur, -treem, 
smf. consolator, comforter, consoler. 

Consolation, kongso-lahsyong, sf. consola- 
tion, comfort, solace, alleviation of misery. 

Console, hong-sol, sf. console, projection, 
bracket ; pier-table ; stand, tablet, sup- 
porter. 

Consoler, kong-so-lai, va, 1 r. to console, 
comfort, cheer ; relieve, mitigate, alleviate, 
solace. 

Se consoler, suh-kong-so-lai , vref. to com- 
fort one's self, forget one's grief, be more 
composed. 

Consolidant, -e, kong-so-le-dang, -te, adj. 
consolidant, adhesive, strengthening. 

Consolidation, Jcong-so-le-daJi-syong, sf. 
consolidation, reunion, solid mass, combi- 
nation of two bills ; interest added to the 
principal. 

Consolider, knng-sode-dai, va. 1 r. to con- 
solidate, harden, heal up ; combine two 
bills into one, add the interest to the capital. 

Se consolider, suh-hong-sode-dai, vref. to 
consolidate, grow firm, hard, solid ; reun';e. 

Consommateur, lcong-so-mah-tur, sm. con- 
sumer, accomplisher, fulfiller, perfecter. 

Consommation, 7;ong-so-ma7ts>/ong , sf. con- 
summation, consumption, completion, per- 
fection, end ; death ; sale, retail. 

Consomme, kungso-mai, sm. jelly, broth, 
rich soup. 

Consomme, -e, kong-so-mai, -c, adj. consum- 
mate, complete, perfect, accomplished. 

Consommer, kong-so-mai, va. 1 r. to con- 
summate, complete, perfect ; consume, boil 
to rags. 

Consomption, kong-songpe-syong, sf. con- 
sumption, waste ; gradual wasting of mus- 
cular flesh. 

Consonnance, kong-so-nangsse, sf. conso- 
nance, harmony, rhyme ; consistency, con- 
gruence ; concord, agreement. 

Consonnant, -E, kong-so-nang, -te, adj. con- 
sonant,- harmonious, consonous, agreeing 
in sound. 

Consonne, kong-sonn, sf. consonant, letter 
that cannot be sounded without a vowel. 

Consorts, leong-sor, smp. consorts, associ- 
ates, partners. 

Consoude, Jcoiig-sood, sf. comfrey (a plant). 

Conspirant, -E, lumgspe-rang, -te, adj. con- 
spirant, concurrent, conjoint, acting at the 
same time. 

Conspirateur, kong-spe-ra7i-iur, sm. con- 
spirator, plotter, conspirer. 

Conspiration, kong-spe-rah-syohg, sf. con- 
spiration, conspiracy, plot, conjuration. 

Conspirer, kong-spe-rai, va. an J n. 1 /•. to 
conspire, concert, plot ; agree together, 
tend to, contribute, concur. 



CON 



CON 



ITKK, long-speu-ai, va. 1 r. to spit in or 
upon, look upon one with contempt. 

Constable, kongsteM, am. peace-officer. 

CONSTAMMENT, kong-Stah -jikiii;/, ail. con- 
stantly, perpetually ; firmly, courageously; 
uniformly. 

Constance, kong-stangsse, sf. constancy. 
liness, perseverance, resolution, firm- 
- : consistency, lasting affection. 

Constant, -. , kxmgstang, -te, adj. constant, 
firm, let severing ; certain, invariable, reso- 
lute. 

Constater, kang-stah-fai, va. 1 r. to confirm, 
prove true, state past doubt. 

Constellation, fcong-stel-lah-syong, sf. con- 
stellation, cluster of fixed stars denominated 
by animals, Ac. 

Consteli.e, -t:. &ong-8tel-lai, -e, adj. bom, 
made, or clone under a certain constellation ; 
starlike ; bright ; illustrious. 

Coster, kong-stai, monop. v. 1 r. to be cer- 
tain, evident. 

Consternation, knng-Mair-nah-syong, sf. 
consternation, terror, dread ; astonishment, 
amazement. 

CONSTERNER, long-stair-nai, va. 1 r. to terri- 
fy, affright, dismay ; astonish, surprise, 
alarm, perplex. 

Constipation, kong-ste-pah-syong, sf. consti- 
pation, stoppage, obstruction. 

Constiper, kong-ste-pai, va. 1 r. to consti- 
pate, obstruct, make costive. 

CONSTITTJANT, knng-ste-te.t-ang, sm. constitu- 
ent ; constituter (vide obs. 4). 

Constituent, -e, kong-ste-teu-ang, -te, adj. 
constituent, elemental, essential ; appoint- 
ing. 

Constituer. kong-ste-teu-ai, va. 1 r. to consti- 
tute, appoint, depute; raise, establish, settle, 
assign, place (vide obs. 4). 

CONSTITUEK UNE PENSION, J.onff-sfr-tfn-rti- 

eun-pang-syong, v. to settle an annuity (vide ] 

obs. 4). 
Constitution", kong-ste-teu-si/ong.sf. constitu- 1 

tion, statute, order, decree ; law ; annuity; i 

d ' ition; establishment; temper, com- 1 

] lexion. Constitution de rente, annuity. 

Rentier a constitution, annuitant. 
Constitution x aire, kong-ste-teu-si/o-nayre, 

sm. partisan of the bull Unigenitus. 

CONSTITUTIONN EL, -LE, kong-Ste it -■u-sj/n-iit-l, 

•I, adj. constitutional, consistent with the 
constitution ; radical, legal. 

CoNSTKiCTT.cn. kong-strcek-tur, sm. constrict- 
or, muscle that compresses or contracts. 

Constriction, kong-etreek-syong, sf. constric- 
tion, compression, contraction. 

Constringent, -e, kong-straing-hjang, -te, 
adj. constringent, binding, compressing. 

Construction, ltong-streidi-/n/ong, sf. con- 
struct;'!:, structure ; order, disposition; ex- 
planation, meaning (vide obs. 4). 

Constrctre, Kong stri u-eer, va. 4 in-, to con- 
struct, build, erect; form; construe, ex- 
plain. 

Construis, kong-streu-ee, pres. ind. of con- 
're, construct. 

Cokstruisant, kongstreu-e-sang, pres. part. 
of'v. structing. 

Construisis, kong-streu-e-se, pret. def. of con- 
st* ■ I ructed. 

Const i:uit, -e, kong-streu-ee, -t, p. part, of 
ructed. 

CONSU BSTANTIALITE, kong-seub-stang-syah- 



le-tai, sf. consubstantiality, unity and iden- 
tity of substances (vide obs. 4). 
CONSUr.STANTIEI., -LB. loii;/-sntl>-.-t<ingsj/el, 

-I, adj. consubstantial, having the same, 
substance, of the same nature (vide obs. 4). 

COXSUIiSTANTIELLEMENT, kong - sen/, - stun;/ - 

syell-maiig, ad. consubstantially, with the 
same substance (vide obs. 4). 

Consul, kong-seul, sm. consul (vide obs. 4). 

Coxsulaire, kong-seu-layre, adj. consular, of 
the consul (vide obs. 4). 

Consulairement, kxmg-seu-layre-mang, ad. 
consularly, after the manner cf consuls. 

Consulat, kongseu-lah, sm. consulate, con- 
sulship, office of consul (vide obs. 4). 

Consultant, kongseul-tang, sm. counsellor 
or physician, person consulted (vide obs. 4). 

Consultation, kong-seul-tahsyong, sf. con- 
sultation, opinion, deliberation, advice 
(vide obs. 4). 

Consulter, kong-seul-tai, va. 1 r. to consult, 
ask advice ; search into, examine, regard. 

Coxsulter, kong-seul-tai, vn. 1 r. to consult, 
take counsel together, confer, examine, 
deliberate. 

Consumant, -e, kong-seu-mang, -te, adj. con- 
suming, wasteful, destructive, causing 
ruin. 

Consumer, kong-seu-mai, va. 1 r. to con- 
sume, waste, spend, destro}', devour, 
squander away, ruin one's self. 

Se consumer, suh -'kong-seu-mai, rref. to 
waste away, consume, be exhausted (vide 
obs. 4). 

Contact, hong-tackt, sm. contact, touch, 
close union, conformity, resemblance. 

Contagieux, -se, kong-tdh-njyvhe, -ze, adj. 
contagious, infectious, pestilential, mis- 
chievous. 

Contagion, kong-tali-lijyong, sf. contagion, 
infection, pestilence. 

Contailles, kong-tah-yuh, sfp. refuse of 
silk, flock silk. 

Conte, kongte, sm. story, tale, fiction, fable, 
romance. 

Conte ex l'air, kongic- en -lair, sm. im- 
probable story, idle tale, Ac. 

CoNTEMPLATEUK, -trice, kong -tang -plah-tiu-, 
treess, smf. contemplator, muser, ponderer. 

Contemplatif, -ve, kong -tang- plan -teeff, 
-teev, adj. contemplative, thoughtful, stu- 
dious, given to contemplation. 

Contemplation, hmg-tang-plah-syong, sf. 
contemplation, meditation, thought, study. 

Contempler, kong-tang-plai, va. 1 r. to con- 
template, meditate, muse, ponder ; study, 
behold. 

ContempORAIX, -E, kong -tang -po -ruing, 
-renn, smf. and adj. contemporary, coeta- 
neous, of the same time, age, «V.c. 

Contempteur, Ttong -tavgpe-tur, sm. con- 
temner, despiser, scorner. 

Contenaxce, kongte - nangsse, sf. capacity, 
extent ; countenance, deportment, attitude. 

Contexaxt, kongte-nang, pres. part, of con- 
tenir, containing. 

CoNTENAKT, -E, kongie-nang, -te, sm. and 
adj. container ; containing. 

'. Contexdant, -e, kong-tattg-dang, -te. smf. 
and adj. competitor ; contendant, concur- 
rent ; contending. 

CONTENIR, kongte-neer, va. 2 irr. to contain, 
hold, comprise ; restrain, withhold. 

i Se CONTENIR, suh-kongte-neer, vref. to con- 

123 



CON 



CON 



tain one's self, keep within bounds, refrain, 
be moderate. 

Content, -e, kong-tang, -te, adj. content, 
satisfied, easy, pleased. 

Oontentement, knng-tungte-mang , sm. con- 
tentment, content ; joy, pleasure, satisfac- 
tion, acquiescence. 

Contenter, kong -tang -tai, va. 1 r. to con- 
tent, satisfy ; please, gratify. 

Se contenter, su7i-Tiong-tang-ta.il vref. to 
please one's self, be contented, satisfied, 
well pleased. 

CoNTE:;TiEusEjrENT,7ion/7-<a?i.7-.'.7/u/isc-??i'T;)7, 
ad. contentiously, perversely, with obsti- 
nacy. 

Contentieux, -SE, kong-lang-syulie, -ze, adj. 
contentious, quarrelsome, perverse, liti- 
gious. 

Contention, kong-tang-syong, sf. conten- 
tion, strife, debate, contest ; emulation ; 
deep study, application. 

Contenu, kongte-neu, sm. (without plural), 
content ; contents. 

Contenu, kongte-neu, p. part, of eontenir, 
contained. 

Conteu, kong-tai, va. 1 r. to tell, relate, 
recite. S'en /aire conter, to entertain a 
lover. 

Conter (en), ang-kong-tai, v. 1 r. to make 
one believe, impose upon, deceive. 

Conter a une femme (en), ang-kong-tai-ah- 
eun-famm, va. 1 /•. to make love to a wo- 
man. 

Contestable, kong-tess-tabl, adj. contest- 
able, disputable, controvertible. 

Contestant, -e, kong-less-tang, -te, smf. and 
adj. litigant, litigious, at law with another, 
quarrelsome. 

Contestation, kong-tess-tah-syong, sf. con- 
test, dispute, difference, debate. 

Contestek, Jcong-tess-tai, va. 1 r. to contest, 
call in question, refuse to acknowledge. 

Contester, kong-tess-tai, va. \r. to contest, 
dispute, debate ; strive, contend ; vie. 

Conteuk, -se, kong-tur, -tuhze, smf. relater, 
teller, narrator, romancer ; idle talker. 

Conteut., -se de sornettes, kong-tur, -tuhze- 
duh-sor-net, smf. teller of idle or incredible 
stories. 

Conteur de fleurettes, kong-tur-duh-fluh- 
rayte, sm. lovemonger, cajoler, wheedler, 
flatterer. 

Contexture, kong-tccks-teur, sf. contexture, 
concatenation, texture, constitution, sys- 
tem, disposition of parts. 

Contiendrai, kong-tyaing-drai, fut. of con- 
tenir, will contain. 

Contiendrais, kong-tyaing-drey, condit. of 
contenir, would contain. 

Contienne, kong-tyenn, pres. subj. of con- 
tour, may contain. 

Contiennent, kong-tyenn, 3 pers. pi. pres. 
ind. of contenir, contain. 

Contiens, kong-tyaing, pres. ind. oT contenir, 
contain. 

Contigu, -e, kong-te-gu, -e, adj. contiguous, 
adjacent, touching, bordering upon, vicine, 
near, neighboring. 

Contiguite, Long-te-gu-e-tai, sf. contiguity, 
nearness, adjacency, proximity, closeness. 

Continence, kong-te-nangsse, sf. continence, 
abstinence, chastity, self-denial. 

Continent, kong -te-nang, sm. continent, 
mainland. 
121 



Contingency, kong-taing-hjangsse, sf. con- 
tingence, fortuitousness, accident, chance. 

Contingent, -e, kong-taing-hjang, -te, adj. 
contingent, fortuitous, accidental, falling 
out by chance. 

Contins, kong-taing, pret. def. of contenir, 
contained. 

Continu, -E, kong-tenen, -e, adj. continuous, 
connected, uninterrupted ; adherent. 

Continuatecr, kong-te-neu-ali-tur, sm. con- 
tinuator ; successor, continuing the work 
of another. 

Continuation, kong-le-neuali-syong. sf. con- 
tinuation, duration, protection, succession 
uninterrupted (vide obs. 4). 

Continuel, -LE, kong-te neu-el, -J, adj. con- 
tinual, incessant, unintermitted, unceasing. 

Continuellement, kong-te-neu-el-mang , ad. 
continually, incessantly, without interrup- 
tion. 

Continuek, kong-ie-neu-ai, ra. 1 r. to con- 
tinue, pursue, protract, prolong, connect. 

Continuer, kong-te-neu-ai, vn. 1 r. to con- 
tinue, last, hold out, go on, endure, per- 
severe, remain (vide obs. 4). 

Continuite, kong-te-neu-e-tai. sf. continuity, 
connection, cohesion, adherence/ close 
union. 

Continument, kong-te-neu-mang, ad. con- 
tinually, without interruption. 

Contorsion, kong-tor-syong, sf. contortion, 
twist, grimace, attitude, wry motion. 

Contour, kong-toor, sm. contour, outline, 
circumference, circuit, inclosure, fold. 

Contourner, kong-toor-nai, va. 1 r. to draw 
the outline, sketch, trace the contours. 

Contractant, -e, kong-tracJe-tang, -te, smf. 
and adj. contractor, contracting. 

Contracter, kong-track-lai, va. 1 r. to con- 
tract, make an agreement or bargain ; form, 
acquire, get ; betroth, abridge, condense. 

Se contracter, suh-kong-track-tai, vref. to 
contract, shrink up, grow short. 

Contracter des dettf.s, kong-track-iai-dey- 
dett, v. 1 r. to run into debt. 

Contractif, -ve, kong-track-teeff, -teev, adj. 
astringent, binding, contracting. 

Contractile, kong-track-teel, adj. contract- 
ile, having the power of contracting itself. 

Contraction, kong-track-syong, sf. contrac- 
tion, shrink, contractedness, diminution, 
abbreviation, abridgment. 

Contractuel, -le, kong-track-teu-el, -1, adj. 
settled, stipulated by contract, contracted, 
agreed upon (vide obs. 4). 

Contracture, kong-track-teur, sf. diminu- 
tion, contraction of a column as it ascends, 
contractedness (vide obs. 4). 

Contradicteur, kong-trah-dcek-tur,sm. con- 
tradicter, opposer. 

Contradiction, kong - Irak - deek - syong, sf. 
contradiction, opposition, inconsistency, 
incongruity, contrariety. 

Contradictoire, kong- trah -deek - too - ahre, 
adj. contradictory, opposite to, inconsis- 
tent, incongruent ; peremptory. 

Contradictoirement, kong-trah -deeJc-too- 
ahre-mang, ail. contradictorily, inconsist- 
ently; peremptorily.. 

Contraignable, kong - trad - ing - yah!, adj. 
constrainablc, compellable, liable to con- 
straint. 

Contraignant, kong-trvi- ing-yang, pres. 
part, of contraindrc, constraining. 



cox 



I ON 



. '.ii;n o'l, -e, kong-trai-ing-yung, -te, 
constraining, compulsive, forcible, ab- 
solute. 

Contraignis, kong-traiing-yce, pret. def. of 
contraindre, constrained. 

CONTRAINDRE, kong-traingdr. ra. 4 irr. to 
constrain, force, compel, hinder, necessi- 
tate, confine, press. 

CONTRAINS, kmig-traing, pres. ind. of con- 
traindre, constrain. 

Coxtraixt, -E, kong-traing, -te, adj. and p. 
part, of contraindre, constrained, confined; 
stiff, affected, studied with over much 
cure. 

Coxtraixte, kong-trdingte, if. constraint, 
compulsion, violence, confinement; re- 
straint ; stiffness. 

Coxtraixte par CORPS, kong-traing/r-par- 
8©r, ■•■/. writ to arrest, warrant of appre- 
hension. 

Coxtraire, kong-trayre, urn. contrary, op- 
position ; inconsistency, repugnance. 

Coxtraire. kong-trayre, adj. contrary, op- 
posite, contradictory, inconsistent ; ad- 
verse, disagreeing-. 

Au coxtraire, o-korrg-trayre, ad. exp. on 
the contrary, quite otherwise, far from that. 

Coxtrariaxt, -e, kontj-trnh-ryang, -te, adj. 
contrariant, contradictory, inconsistent, 
adve; Be. 

Coxtrarier, kong-trah-ryai , ra. 1 r. to con- 
tradict, oppose, be contrary to ; deny ; 
cross, obstruct. 

Coxtrariete, kong-trah-re-yai-/ai, sf. con- 
trariety, repugnance ; obstacle, hinder- 
ance, difficulty ; inconsistency. 

Contrasts, kong-tragt, Km. contrast, oppo- 
sition, difference, dissimilitude. 

Coxtraster, kong-trass-tai, ra. 1 r. to con- 
trast, oppose, place in opposition or to ad- 
vantage. 

Coxtrat, bony -trah, sm. contract, deed, 
agreement, compact, bargain; covenant. 

Coxtrat de donation, long-trah-duh-do- 
nah-syong, sm, deed of gift. 

Coxtrat de mariage, hong-trah-duh-mah- 
ryahje, sm. affiance, marriage contract or 
settlement. 

Contravention, kong-trah-rnng-nyong, sf. 
contravention, infraction, disobedience, op- 
position. 

Contre, kongtr, prep, against ; near ; by ; 
in spite of. in opposition to. 

Coxtre allee, kongtr-ah-laie, sf lateral and 
parallel walk or alley. 

Contre antral, -racx, p. hongtr-ah-me- 

ral, -roe, p. sot. rear-admiral. 
.Coxtre approches, kongtr-ah-prosh, sfp. 
counter approaches. 

Coxtre-bai.axcer, kongtr-bah-lang-gai, ra. 
1 r. to counterbalance, counterpoise ; com- 
pensate. 

CONTREBANDE, kong-truh-bangde, sf. illegal 
importation or exportation of goods, pro- 
hibited traffic. 

CONTREBANDIER, -E, kong-truh-bang-dyai. 
• re, smf. smuggler, importer, exporter, 
seller of prohibited goods. 

Contrebasse, Jcang-truh-bam, sf counter- 
1) i-s. bass viol ; bass voice. 

Coxtre-batterie, kong -truh- hat -ree, sf 
counter-battery. 

CONTRE-BiAia (a). ah-Jeongtr-byey, ad. exp. 
against the sense ; on the wrong side. 



OONTRE-CARRER, kongt r-l.ah-rai, ra. 1 r. to 

cross, traverse, oppose, thwart, counter- 
check. 
Contr'-echange, kongtr - ni - shangnje, sm. 

counterchange, mutual exchange, barter, 
reciprocation. 

CoNTRE-CffiUR (a), dh-Jcong-truh-kur, ad. >*)>. 
unwillingly, reluctantly, against one's will. 

Coxtre cocp. kmg-truk-koo, sm. repercus- 
sion, rebound ; consequence of an unlucky 
event. 

Coxtre-daxse, kong-truh-dangsse, sf. coun- 
ter-dance, light and sprightly dance. 

Coxtre-dater, koiig-iruh-dah-tai, ra. 1 r. to 
counterdate, put another date. 

Coxtredire, kong-truh-deer, ra. i irr. to 
contradict, contest, controvert, deny, op- 
pose verbally, be contrary to. 

Coxtredis, kong-truh-de, pres. ind. and pret. 
def. of conlredire, contradict, contradicted. 

Coxtredisaxt, kong (ruh-de-zang, pres. part. 
of conlredire, contradicting. 

CONTREDISANT, -e, kong-truh-de-zang, -te, 
adj. contradictious, contradicting, inclined 
to contradict. 

Coxtredit, kong-truh-de, sm. contradiction, 
contrary reply, denial, answer opposite to. 

Coxtredit (sans), sang-kong-truh-de, ad. 
exp. certainly, without objection, without 
reply. 

Coxtredit. -e, kong-truh-dee, -t, p. part, of 
conlredire, contradicted. 

Coxtredits, kong-truh-dee, smp. testimonies, 
proofs, evidences of the contrary. 

Coxtree, kong-traie, sf. country, tract of 
land, region. 

COXTREFAQOX. kong -truh -fall -song, sf. piratic 
copy of a book, <fcc.; counterfeit. 

Coxtrefacteur, kong- truh -fack-tur, sm. 
counterfeiter, pirate, bookseller who seizes 
the copies of others. 

Coxtrefactiox, kong-truh-fark-syong, sf. 
piratical imitation of a book ; counterfeit- 
ing. 

Coxtrefaire, kong-truh-fayre, ra. iirr. to 
counterfeit, dissemble ; imitate, copy : 
mimic ; disguise ; deform ; pirate copies 
of books. 

Coxtrefais, kong -truh-fay, pres. ind. of con- 
tre/aire, counterfeit. 

Coxtrefaisaxt, kong- truh -fuh-zang, pres. 
part, of eonirefaire, counterfeiting. 

Coxtrefaiseur, kong -truh - fay - zur, sm. 
mimic, ludicrous or servile imitator. 

Coxtrefait, -E, kong-truh-fay,-te, adj. coun- 
terfeit, forged, fictitious ; ill-shaped, ugly, 
disfigured, deformed. 

Coxtrefait, -e, kong-truh-fay, -t, p. part, of 
contrefaire, counterfeited. 

Coxtrefaites, kong-truh-fayt, 2 pers. pi. 
pres. ind. of contrefaire, counterfeit. 

CoxtrefaSSE, kong-truh-fahss, pres. subj. 
of contrefaire, may counterfeit. 

Coxtre-fixesse, ktmg-trvh-fe-ness, sf. dia- 
mond cut diamond, trick for trick, cunning 
opposed to cunning. 

Coxtrefoxt, kong-lruh-fong, 3 pers. pi. 
pres. ind. of contrefaire, counterfeit. 

Coxtke-FORT, kong-truh-for, s,i>. counter- 
fort, pillar or prop that supports a jutting 
wall. 

Contre-GARDE, kong-truh-ghard, tf. coun- 
terguard, small rampart with parapet and 
ditch ; officer of the mint. 

125 



cox 



CON 



Contre-jour, kongtruhljoor, sm. reflected 
light, contrary light. 

A coxtre-jour, ah - kong - Unit - hjoor, ad. 
exp. against the light, in a contrary point 
of view. 

Coxtre-lettre, kong-truh-lettr, sf. secret 
act of abrogation, writing containing a de- 
feasance. 

Coxtre-maitre, kong-truh-meytr, sm. mas- 
ter's mate ; overseer, foreman. 

Coktke-BANDEMEHT, kongtr-mangde-mang, 
sm. countermand, repeal of an order. 

Coxtre-maxder, kongtr-mang-dai, ra. 1 r. 
to countermand, repeal, reverse, contradict 
an order. 

Contre-marche, Jcongtr-marsh, sf. counter- 
march ; change of measures, alteration of 
conduct. 

Coxtre-marque, kongtr-mark, sf. counter- 
mark, additional mark on bales of goods ; 
check. 

Coxtre-mixe, kongtr-meen, sf. countermine; 
opposition ; stratagem to defeat a design. 

Coxtre-.mixer, kongtr-me-nai, va. 1 r. to 
countermine, counterwork ; defeat by se- 
cret measures. 

Coxtre-mixeur, kongtr-me-nur, sm. coun- 
terminer, secret opposer of measures. 

Contre-mot, kongtr-moh, sm. counter-watch 
word. 

Contre-mui:, kongtr-meur, sm. countermure, 
wall built up behind another wall. 

Contr'-ordre, kongtr - ordr, sm. counter- 
mand, repeal of an order. 

Contr'-OUVERTURE, kongtr-oo-vair-teur, sf. 
counter-opening, opening on the contrary 
side. 

Coxtre-partie, komgtr-par-tee, sf. counter- 
part ; second part (in music) ; opinion, par- 
ty, contrary system. 

CONTRE-PERCEit, Iconglr-pair-sai, va. 1 r. to 
pierce in a contrary direction. 

Coxtre-peser, kongtr -puh-zai, va. 1 r. to 
counterpoise, equiponderate, act with equal 
power. 

Coxtre-pied, Jcongtr-pyai, sm. counterpace, 
contrary measure ; contrary sense ; reverse, 
wrong scent. 

CONTRE-FOIDS, J:nngtr-poo-ah, sm. counter- 
poise, eqiiiponderauce, counterbalance; 
rope-dancer's pole. 

CONTRE-POIL, kongtr-poo-all, sm. wrong side 
or way. 

A co>"tre-poil, ah-kongtr-poo-att, ad. exp. 
against the grain, perversely, in the wrong 
sense. 

Coxtre-point, kongtr-pooaing, sm. counter- 
point, opposite point, harmony in music. 

Coxtre-poixter, kongtr -poo-wing -tax, va. 1 
r. to quit ; countercheck ; thwart, oppose. 

CoXTRE-P01SON,7congtr-poo-ah-zong,sm. coun- 
ter-poison, antidote (vide obs. 6). 

Coxtre-rcse, kongtr -reuze, sf. cunning op- 
posed to cunning ; scheme against scheme 
(vide obs. 4). 

Contre-Saldt, konglr-sah-leu, sm. return of 
a salute. 

Coxtre-saxglox, kongtr -sang -glong, sm. 
leather strap fixed to the saddle to buckle 
the girt. 

Contre-scarpe, kongtr-scarp, sf. counter- 
scarp, side of the ditch next to the camp ; 
covert-way, glacis. 

Coxtre-SC'el. Iconntr-seU, sm. counter-seal. 
12G 



Coxtre-sceller, Icongtr-say-lai, va. 1 r. to 
counter-sea). 

Coxtre-seixg, kongtr-saing, sm. counter- 
sign, frank, official signature. 

Coxtre-sexs, kongtr -sang, .<;/!, misconcep- 
tion, wrong sense or side, misconstruction. 

A coxtre-sens, ah-kongtr-sang, ad. exp. in 
a wrong sense or side, falsely, erroneously. 

Coxtre-sigxer, Jmngtr-neeng-yai, va. 1 r. 
to countersign, put an official sign or seal ; 
frank from postage. 

Coxtre-temps, kongtr -tang , sm. unforeseen 
event, mischance, disappointment, unsea- 
sonable time ; countertime. 

A coxtre-temps, ah-kongtr-tang, ad. exp. 
unseasonably, unluckily, at a wrong time. 

CONTEB-TIBER, kongtr-te-rai, va. 1 r. to coun- 
terdraw, copy a design with transparent 
and tracing paper. 

Contrev allatiox, kongtr-vaJi-lah sl/ong, sf. 
contravallation, fortification to hinder the 
sallies of the garrison. 

Coxtrevexaxt, kong-tnih-vvh-nang, pres. 
part, of con trevenir, contravening. 

Coxtrevexaxt, -E, kong-trult-r xli-/iang, -te, 
smf. and adj. contravener, infringer, op- 
poser, transgressor. 

OONTEEVENIR, kongtr-0u7l-neer, en. 2 irr. to 
contravene, oppose, infringe, transgress, 
violate. 

Coxtre-vent, kongtr -rang, sm. outside shut- 
ter. 

Coxtre-vexter, kongtr-vang-tai, vn. 1 r. to 
put outside shutters, strengthen a fence, 
Ac, with oblique prop;. 

Coxtrevexu, kong-tndi-ruh-ntu, p. part, of 
contreven ir, contravened. 

Ooxtre-verite, Aongtr-iai-re-tai, sf. irony, 
speech contrary to the meaning. 

Coxtreviexdrai, kongtr-vyaing-diai, fut. 
of contrevenir, will contravene. 

Coxtreviexdrais, kongtr-r yainy-drcy , con- 
dit. of contrevenir. 

Coxtreviexxe, kongtr-vytnn, pres. subj. of 
contrevenir. 

Coxtreviexxext, kongtr-vyenn, 3 pers. pi. 
pres. ind of contrevenir. 

Coxtreviexs, kongtr-vyaing, pres. ind. of 
contrevenir. 

Coxtrevixs, kongtr-vaing, pret. def. of «>h- 
trevenir. 

Coxtre-visite, kongtr-ve-zeeU, sf. second ex- 
amination, inquiry, search, guest. 

CoXTRIBUABLE, kongtre-beu-alil, adj. con- 
tributive, liable or able to pay taxes. 

Coxtribuer a, kong-tre-heu-ai-ah, in. 1 r. 
to contribute, bear a part ; assist, co-ope- 
rate, have a share in (vide obs. 4). 

Contribution, kong-tre-leu-syong, sf. con- 
tribution ; tax ; levy. 

Contrister, kong-treess-iai, va. 1 r. to con- 
tristate, sadden', make sorrowful, grieve. 

Contrit, -e, kong - tie, -ie, adj. contrite, 
worn with sorrnw, penitent, repentant. 

Contrition, kong-tre-syong, sf. contrition, 
repentance, penitence, sorrow for sin, 

Controle, kong-trole, sm. control ; con- 
troller's office or fees ; check, power ; criti- 
cism, censure. 

Controler, kong-troe-lai, va. 1 r. to con- 
trol, verify, register ; criticise, censure, 
find fault with. 

Controi.eur, kong-troe-Ucr, sm. controller, 
director, supervisor. 



CON 



CON 



Coxtr6leur, -se, Jeong-troe-lur. -luhze, smf. 
controller, carper, caviller, critic. 

CONTBOUTEB, komj-troo-vai, va. 1 r. to in- 
vent, misrepresent, falsify, intimate falsely. 

Coxtroverse, kong-tro-vairss, sf. contro- 
versy, debate, dispute. 

Coxtroverse, -e, long-trovair-sai, -e, adj. 
contested, disputed, controverted. 

Coxtkoveksiste, kong -tro -vair -seest, sm. 
controvertist, disputant. 

Coxtitmace, kong-teu-mass, sf. contumacy, 
contempt or disobedience of a judicial or- 
der. 

Contumace, kong tea-mass, smf. and adj. 
appellee disobeying a judicial order. 

ContumaCer, kong-teu-mah-sai, va. 1 r. to 
disobey an order of court ; outlaw, non- 
suit, cast for non-appearance (vide obs. 4). 

Coxtcs, -E, Jcong-teu, -ze, adj. contused, 
bruised. 

Contusion, kong-teu-zyong, sf. contusion, 
bruise, hurt (vide obs. 4). 

Coxvaixcaxt, -E, kong-va ing-kang, -te, adj. 
indisputable, undeniable, evident. 

CONVAINCRE, kong-vainkr, va. 4 irr. to con- 
vince, confute, satisfy, free from doubt ; 
convict. 

Se convaincre, suh-kong-raingkr, vref. to 
ascertain the truth, ifcc, to persuade one's 
self. 

Convaincs, kong-raing, pres. ind. of con- 
vaincre, convince. 

Convaincu, kong-raingkeu, p. part, of con- 
vaincre, convinced. 

Convainquant, kong-vaing-kang, pres. part, 
of convaincre, convincing. 

Convainqcts, kong-vaing-kee, pret. def. of 
convaincre, convinced. 

Convalescence, kong -rah- ley -sangsse, sf. 
convalescence, recovery. 

Convalescent, -e, kong-vah-leg-sang, -te, 
smf. and adj. convalescent, recovering fmm 
illness. ^ 

Convenable, kongve-nahl , adj. convenient, 
decent, expedieut, fit, suitable, proper. 

Convenablemext, Icongve-nah-bluh-mang, 
ad. conveniently, suitably, in a proper 
manner. 

CONVENANCE, kongve-nangsse, sf. conformi- 
ty, similitude ; reach ; decency, propriety, 
agreement, suitableness, liaisons de con- 
renance, plausible reasons. 

Convexaxt, kongve-nang, sm. covenant; 
Scottish confederation in 1580 and 1G3S. 

Convexaxt, -e, kongve-nang, -te, adj. be- 
coming, graceful, suitable, fit, proper, de- 
cent. 

Coxvex'AXT, kongve-nang, pres. part, of con- 
vener, suiting. 

Coxvexir, kongveneer, vn. 2 irr. to agree 
to, adhere, own ; suit, become, fit ; please. 

Coxvexir, kongve-neer, r. monop. to be 
proper, fit, expedient ; to suit, become. 

Se coxvexir, suh-kongre-neer, vref. to suit 
one another, agree together. 

Coxvexticule, kong-vang-te-kule, sm. con- 
venticle, assembly, meeting for worship, 
congregation. 

Convention, kong-vang-syong, sf. conven- 
tion, agreement, compact; union, coali- 
tion; assembly, marriage contract. 

Coxvextioxxel, -ut kong-vang-syo-nel, -I, 
adj. cunventionaljBBpulated, agreed on by 
contract. 



Conventioxxellement, kong-vang-syo-ncl- 
mang, ad. conventionally ; by contract or 

compact. 
Convextuel, -le, kongvang-teu-el, -I, adj. 

conventual, monastic, belonging to a coil- 
vent. 
Coxvextuellemext, kong-vamg-teu-el-mang, 

ail. conventually, in a convent, in society 
(vide obs. 4). 

Coxvexu, kongve-neu, p. part, of convenir, 
agreed. 

Convergent, -e, kong-vair-7ijang, -te, adj. 
convergent, tending to one point, meeting. 

Converger, kong-vair-hjai, vn. 1 r. to con- 
verge, tend to one point, meet. 

Conveus, -E, kong-vair, se, adj. (used with 
fi'ere or stair) servant of a convent, serv- 
ing brother or sister. 

Coxversatiox", kong-rair-sah-syoiig. sf. con- 
versation, familiar discourse, intercourse. 

Coxverser, kong-vair-sai, vn. 1 r. to con- 
verse, discourse familiarly ; study, medi- 
tate, be conversant with. 

Conversion, kong-Joair-syong, sf. conver- 
sion, transmutation, reformation ; change 
of religion. 

Converti, -e, kongvair-te, -e, senf. convert, 
convertite, proselyte. 

Convertible, kong-vair-teebl, adj. converti- 
ble, transmutable, changeable. 

Coxvertir, kong- vair -tier, va. 2 r. to con- 
vert, transmute ; reform ; appropriate ; 
proselytize. 

Se coxvertir, svlt-kong-vair-teer, vref. to 
convert, be converted, reform, turn into. 

Cox vertissement, kong - vair - teens - mang, 
sin. change, conversion, alteration. 

Coxvertisseur, kong-vair-le-sur, sm. con- 
verter, maker of converts or proselytes. 

Coxvexe, kong-vecks, adj. convex, rising in 
the external form of an orb. 

Coxvexite, kong-veck-se-tai, sf. convexity, 
protuberance, external form of an orb. 

Conviction, kong-veek-syong, sf. conviction, 
confutation, evidence, detection of guilt ; 
persuasion. 

Convie, kong-vyai, sm. guest, person invited 
to a repast. 

Convienbrai, kong-vyaing-drai, fut. of con- 
vener, will suit. 

Conviexdrais, kong-vyaing-drey , condit. of 
convener, would suit. 

Coxviexxe, kong-vyenn, pres. subj. of con- 
venir, may suit. 

Coxviexxext, kong-vyenn, 3 pers. pi. pres. 
ind. of convener, agree, suit. 

Coxviexs, kong-iyaing, pres. ind. of conve- 
ner, suit. 

Convins, kong-vaing, pret. def. of convenir. 
agreed. 

Convier, kong-vyai, va. 1 r. to invite, in- 
cite, engage ; entreat. 

Convive, kong - veec, sm. habitual guest, 
boarder. 

Convocation, kong-vo-kah-eyong, sf. convo- 
cation, assembly, meeting. 

Convoi, kong-voo-ali, sm. convoy; escort, 
guard from place to place ; funeral proces- 
sion. 

Coxvoitable, kong-voo-ah-tahl, adj. eoveta- 
ble, desirable, pleasing, delightful, eoncu- 
piscible for. 

Coxvoiter, kong-voo-ah-tai, va. 1 r. to covet, 
desire earnestly, inordinately. 

127 



COQ 



COE 



Convoiteux, -se, lcong-voo-ah-tuhe, -se, smf. 
and adj. covetous person, envier ; miser. 

Convoitise, Jcong-voo-ah-teeze, sf. covetous- 
ness, immoderate desire, cupidity ; ava- 
rice. 

Convoler a, kong -vo-lai- ah, m. 1 r. to 
marry again ; marry. 

CoNVOQUER, kong-vo-kai, va. 1 r. to con- 
voke, convocate, call together, summon to 
an assembly. 

Convoyer, kong-voo-ah-i/a i ', va. 1 r. to con- 
voy, escort, guard from place to place ; at- 
tend. 

Convulse, -e, kong-veul-sai, -e, adj. convul- 
sed, seized with convulsions. 

Convulsif, -ve, Jcong-veul-seef, -ve, adj. con- 
vulsive, spasmodic, giving twitches. 

Convulsion, kong-veul-syong, sf. convulsion; 
spasm, commotion (vide obs. 4). 

Con vulsionn aire, Icong-veid-ai/o-nayre, smf. 
and adj. person subject to convulsions, pro- 
ductive of fits. 

Cooblige, ko-o-ble-hjai, sm. co-obligee, joint 
obligee. 

Cooper ateur, -trice, ko-o-pai-rah-tur, 
-treess, smf. co-operator, fellow-worker, 
joint promoter of the same end. 

Cooperation, ko-opai-rah-syong, sf. co- 
operation, joint labor ; concurrence. 

Cooperer a, ko-o-pai-rai-ah, vn. 1 ?■. to co- 
operate, labor jointly, concur, tend to the 
same end. 

Copartageant, -e, Jco-par-fdk-Jijang, -te, 
smf. and adj. coparcener ; copartner, hav- 
ing a share. 

Copartager, ko-par-(ahhjai, va. 1 r. to 
share, divide, partake with others ; sepa- 
rate. 

Copeau, -x, ko-poe, -e, sin. chip, shaving. 

Copie, ko-pee, sf. copy, transcript ; manu- 
script ; original ; picture drawn from an- 
other. 

Copier, Ico-pyai, va. 1 r. to copy, transcribe ; 
imitate, mimic. 

Copieusement, ko - pyuhze - many, ad. co- 
piously, abundantly, in great quantity ; 
diffusely. 

Copieux, -se, kopyuhe, -ze, adj. copious, 
abundant ; diffuse. 

Copiste, ko-peest, sm. copier, transcriber ; 
plagiary, servile imitator ; mimic, prompt- 
er. 

Coproprietaire, ko-pro-pre-yai-tayre, smf. 
joint proprietor or owner, parcener. 

Copter, kop-fai, va. 1 r. to toll a bell, strike 
with one side of the clapper. 

Copulatif, -ve, ko-peu-lah-lcef, -v, adj. cop- 
ulative. 

Copulation, ko-peudah-syong, sf. copulation. 

Copule, ko-peull, sf. copula, union of the sub- 
ject and predicate of a proposition (vide 
obs. 4). 

Coq, kok, sm. cock ; male of some fowls ; 
weather-cock ; leader, head. 

Coq de bruyere, kok-dnh-breu-e-yayrc, sm. 
heath-cock (vide obs. -1). 

Coq de harais, kok-duh-mah-ray, sm. moor- 
fowl. 

Coq de bois, kok-duh-boo-ah, sm. pheasant. 

Coq d'Inde, ko-daingde, sm. turkey-cock. 

Coq a l'ane, kok-ahdahn, sm. cock and a 
bull story ; nonsense. 

Coque, kok. sf. shell, husk. (Euf a. lacoque, 
ithjf-ah-lah-kok, sm. egg In the shell. 
128 



Coquelicot, kok-le-ko, sm. small wild red 
poppy. 

CoqueluChe, kokdeush, sf. hcoping-cough ; 
hood ; favorite of the day. 

Coqueluchon, kokdeushong, sm. small hood, 
cowl (vide obs. 4). 

Coquemar, kok-mar, sm. kettle, boiler. 

Coquesigrue, kok-se-greue, .■./sea-fowl, sea- 
stork : pi. castles iu the air ; chimerical 
schemes, idle stories (vide obs. 4). 

Coquet, ho-kay, sm. cock-boat, small-boat. 

Coquet, -te, ko-kay, de, smf. and adj. fop. 
coquette ; gay, airy, fond of dress, affecting 
love. 

Coqueter, ko-kuh-tai, vn. 1 r. to coquet, pre- 
tend love, flirt. 

Coquetier, kok-tyai, sm. huckster, cadger, 
higgler, seller of eggs or fowls ; egg-cup. 

Coquetterie, ko-kayte-ree, sf. coquetry, gal- 
lantry, flirtation, affectation of .lore. 

Coquillage, ko-ke-yahje, sm. shells, shell- 
fish ; shell-work. 

Coquille, ko-kee-yuli, sf. shell, conch; mould; 
arch of a niche ; wrong letter. 

Coquille (sortir de sa), sor-teer-duh-sah-ko- 
kee-yuh, prov. v. 2irr. to be just out of one's 
shell, be very young. 

Coquille (rentrer dans sa), rang-trai- 
dang-sah-kn-kee-yuh, proc. v. 1 r. to get 
again ; be replaced in one's situation ; re- 
form ; keep within bounds. 

COQUILLES (VENDRE BIEN SES), Tangdv- 

byai ng-sey-kokee yuh, prov. v. 4 r. to sell 
at a very high price. 

Coquillier, ko-ke-yoi. sm. collection or box 
of shells ; place covered with shells. 

Coquilliere, ko-ke-yayre, sf. and adj. shelly 
stone or ground, shell-quarry. 

Coquin, ko-kaing, sm. thief, rogue, knave, 
rascal ; coward, wretch ; base, worthless 
person. 
,UIK, -E, ko-kaing, -keen, adj. lazy, beg- 
arly, thievish, idle, infamous, dissolute, 
debauched. 

Coquine, ko-keen, sf. thief, prostitute, aban- 
doned woman ; (fam.) little rogue. 

Coquiner, kokenai, vn. 1 r. to beg, pilfer, 
thieve, lead an idle, indolent life. 

Coquinerie, kodceen-ree, sf. roguishness, 
knavery, villany, wicked tricks or dispo- 
sition. 

Cor, kor, sm. corn, hard excrescence ; horn. 

Cor de chasse, kor-duh-shass, sm. hunting- 
horn, French horn. 

A cors et a oris, ah-kor-zai-ah-kree, ad. cxp. 
with hue and cry. 

Corail, -raux, p. ko-rah-yuh, -roe, p. sm. 
coral, red and stony sea -plant of great hard- 
ness in and out of the water. 

Corbeau, -x, kor-bo, -e, sm. raven ; iron crow 
or lever; cramp-iron, grapple. 

Corbeille, kor-bay-i/uli, sf. light osier or 
wicker basket for bread or fruit ; corbel ; 
jewels. 

Corbeillee, kor-hayyaie, sf. contents of a 
basket. 

Cokbillard, kor-be-yar, sm. hearse ; un- 
wieldy carriage ; great barge. 

Coubili.on, kor-beyong, sm. small basket ; 
crambo (a game). 

Cordage, kor-dahje, sm. cordage, ropes ; 
cord. 

Corde, knrd, sf. cord^tring, rope ; halter, 
chord ; cable. 



COR 



COK 



Corde de drap, kord-duh-drah, sf. thread of 
cloth. 

Corde dk hots. kord-d uh-hoo-ah, sf. cord of 
wood, pile eight feet long, four high, and 
four broad. 

Corde a son arc, kord-nh -son-ark, prov. sf. 
resource, means, expedient, way. 

Corde (GROsSE), gros-kord, prov. sf. main 
point, chief cause, or reason. 

Corde. -e, farr-dai, -e, adj. corded, stringy, 
twisted, tortive, wreathed. 

Cordeac, -x, leor-dOf -e, sm. line, string, 
measuring cord 

Cordeler, kord-lai, va. 1 r. to twist, con- 
tort, twine, interweave. 

Cordf.i.ette, kord-lett, sf. small cord or line, 
string, twist. 

Cordelier, kor-duh-lyai, sm. Franciscan 
friar, cordelier. 

Cor deli ere, kor-duh-h/nyre, sf. Franciscan 
nun ; girdle, necklace ; knotted string ; 
serge. 

Cordelle, kor-dell, sf. small string ; (fig.) 
string, link. 

Corder, kor-dai. va. 1 r. to cord, make ropes, 
twist ; tie. bind with a rope ; measure wood. 

Se corder, suh-kor-dai, vref. to grow stringy, 
be easily twisted or entangled. 

Corderie, kord-ree, sf. rope manufactory, 
rope-making, rope-yard, rope-work. 

Cordial, kor-dyal, sm. cordial, strengthen- 
ing draught or potion. 

Cordial, -e, kor-dyal, -7, culj. cordial, com- 
forting, reviving, invigorating ; hearty; sin- 
cere. 

Cordialement, kor-dyal-mang, ad. cordial- 
ly, heartily, sincerely. 

Cordialite, kor-dyah-le-tai, sf. cordiality, 
heartiness, sincerity. 

Cordier or Cordik, kor-dyai, sm. cord, rope 
maker or seller. 

Cordon, kor-dang, sm. twist, string, twine, 
thread ; band ; row ; edge ; lace ; girdle. 

Cordon (grand), grang-kor-dong, sm. badge 
of honor, high dignity of some order, knight. 

Cordon-bleu, kor-dong-Uuha, sm. blue rib- 
bon, order of the Holy Ghost ; knight of 
the Holy Ghost. 

Cordon ner, kor-do-nai, va. 1 r. to twist, 
wreathe, entwine, edge. 

Cordonnerie, kor-donn-ree, sf. trade, busi- 
ness, shop of a shoemaker ; shoe or boot 
making or shop. 

CORDONNET, kor-do-nay, s7n. small cord, 
twist, lace, loop ; edging. 

Cordon nier, kor-do-nyai, sm. shoe or boot 
maker or seller. 

Cordonniere, ko-do-nyayre, sf. shoemaker's 
wife. 

Cordon-rouge, kor-dong-roohje, an. broad 
red ribbon of the order of St. Louis ; knight 
of St. Louis. 

CORIACE, ko-ryass, adj. coriaceous, leathery ; 
tough ; bard, avaricious, who pays badly or 
unwillingly. 

Coriandre, ko-re-yangdr, sf. coriander (a 
plant), aromatic si 

Corinthien. ko-raing-tj/a&ig, sm. and adj. 
Corinthian ; fourth of the five orders of I 
architecture. 

Co:: me, harm, sf. sorb, service-berry. 

Cormier, kor-myai, sm. sorb, service-tree. 

CORMiiK.vN, kor-mo'-raiig, sm. cormorant, bird ; 
that preys upon fish ; glutton, gormand. 
(6*) 



CoRNAC,/«or-;i«<7.-, .*/;/. ehphant-dri ver;g:oom 
that takes care of elephants. 

Cornaline, kor-ttah-lten, sf. cornelian (pre- 
cious stone). 

CORNS, komn, sf. horn ; hoof; feelers, an- 
tenna of insects ; point, angle, corner. 

Cornb d'abondance. km iih • d'ah - bang - 
dangsse, sf. horn of plenty, cornucopia, 
abundance. 

CORNS, -e, kor-nai, -e, adj. corny, hornv, 
hard like horn ; corned, pickled, preserved 
in salt. 

Cornee, kor-naic, sf. horny tunicle of the 
eye, cornea ; sort of jasper. 

Corneille, hor-iify-yuh, sf. crow, bird that 
feeds upon carrion. 

CoRNEMENT, korne-mang, sm. tingling noise 
in the ear. 

Cornemuse, korn-meuze, sf. bagpipe, instru- 
ment with pipes made of a hide inflated 
with wind. 

Corner, kor-nai, on. 1 r. to sound or blow 
the horn, speak in a trumpet to a deaf per- 
son, tingle. 

Cornet, kor-nay, sm. cornicle, small horn, 
ink-horn ; dice-box ; paper rolled in the 
form of a cone. 

Cornet a bouquin, kor-nay-tah-hoo-kaing, 
sm. bugle-horn, horn. 

CoRNET-ACOCSTiQCE,/.-or-Ha?/-fa7i-A-oo.«.«e-te<7,-, 
sm. trumpet to help the hearing, speaking- 
trumpet. 

Cornette, kor-nett, sf. cornet of a troop ; 
woman's morning-cap ; corn-flower ; crest 
or tuft of a bird. 

Corneur, kor-niH-, sm. herdsman ; news- 
hawker, guard of a coach, etc., post-boy ; 
noisy fellow. 

Corniche, kor-neesli, sf. cornice, ornamental 
projection on the top of a wall or column. 

Cornichon, kor-ne-shonu, sm. small cornice ; 
kid's horn ; small cucumber, gherkin. 

CoRNlERE, kor-nyayre, sf. gutter, water-pipe 
carrying the water from the roof of a house. 

Oornillas, kor-ne-yah, sm. young crow. 

Cornouille, kor-noo-yuh, sf. cornel, corne- 
lian cherry or berry. 

Cornociller, kor-noo-yai, sm. cornel-tree, 
cornelian-tree. 

Cornu, -e, kor-nen, -e, adj. horned ; angular ; 
protuberant ; false, bad, foolish, extrava- 
gant. 

Cornue, kor-neue, sf. cucurbite, chemical 
vessel, called body (vide obs. 4). 

Corollaire, ko-ro-'layre, sm. corollary, con- 
elusion, inference, consequence, demonstra- 
tion. 

Coronaire, ko-ro-nayre, adj. coronary, like 
a crown or wreath. 

Coronal, -e, ko ro-nal, -?, adj. coronal, of 
the top of the head. 

Coroner, ko-ro-miir, sm. coroner, English 
officer of justice who inquires into the 
cause of any violent death. 

Corporal, kor-po-ral, sm. corporal, square 
piece of linen on which are placed the chal- 
ice and host. 

Corporation, kor-po-rah-syova- , sf. corpora- 
tion, body politic, association, society. 

Corporel, -le, kor-po-rM, adj. corporal, cor- 
poreal, material, bodily, substantial. 

Corporellement, kor-po-rell-mang, ml. cor- 
porally, bodily, in a corporal manner. 

Corporifier, kor-po-re-fyai, va. 1 r. to im- 

129 



COE 



COE 



body, invest with matter, substantiate ; 
assemble. 

Se corporifier, suh-kor-po-re-fyai, vref. to 
imbody, coalesce, unite into one mass, co- 
agulate, concrete. 

CORPS, leor, sm. body ; being ; corpse ; mass, 
collection ; strength ; pandect ; society ; 
army ; regiment ; stem, original. 77 fait 
bon marche de son corps, he is free of. Vin 
qui a da corps, strong-bodied wine. 

Corps de jcpe, kor-duh-hjeup, sm. stays, 
bodice, ladies' waistcoat quilted with 
whalebone. 

Corps de logis, kor-duh-lo-hjee, sm. adjunct, 
wing, or side of a house. 

Corps de fer, kor-duh-fair, sm. steel back- 
board. 

Corps de u.kTAii,i,E,kor-duh-bah-lah-yuh, sm. 
main army. 

Corps de garde, kor-duh-ghard, sm. post, 
military station ; guard-house ; scouts, ad- 
vanced posts. 

Corps mort, kor-mor, sm. corpse, dead body, 
corse. 

Corps (UN drole de), ung-drole-duli-kor, sm. 
comical fellow, merry companion. 

Corps (pauvre), pocr-kor, sm. poor creature, 
simpleton, inactive man or woman. 

Corps (malin), iii'thdaing-kor, sm. cunning 
fellow ; arch blade. 

Corps a corps, kor-zali-kor, ad. exp. closely, 
from hand to fist, body to body. 

Corps perdu (a), ah-kor-pair-den, ad. cxp. 
headlong, fearlessly, eagerly, warmly; with 
zeal. 

Corps defendant (a. son), ali-snng-kor-dai- 
fang-dang, ad. exp. unwillingly, against 
one"s will. 

Corpulence, Jcor-pea-Iangsse, .«/". corpulence, 
size, bulkiness of body, fleshiness. 

Corpulent, -e, Jeor-peu-lang, -te, adj. corpu- 
lent, fleshy, bulky, of great size. 

CORPUSCULAIRE, kor-peuss-ku-layrc, adj. cor- 
puscular, comprising bodies, consisting of 
bodies. 

Corpuscule, kor-peuss-kide, sm. corpuscle, 
small body, atom, indivisible particle. 

Correct, -e, ko-reckt, adj. correct, exact, ac- 
curate, free from defects or faults. 

Correctement, ko-reckt-mang ,ad. correctly, 
exactly ; accurately, without faults. 

Cokrecteur, ko-reck-tur, sm. corrector, re- 
prover, rebuker, examiner, reviser. 

Correctif, ko-rerh-tp.r-ff, sm. corrective, as- 
suagement, mitigation. 

Correction, ko-reck-syong, sf. correction, 
punishment ; reprehension, admonition ; ac- 
curacy, exactness; revisal, amendment, 
reformation. Suit/ correction, with per- 
mission. 

Corregidor, Ico-rai-hje-dor, sm. corregidor, 
justice of the peace in .Spain. 

Correlatif, -ye, ko-rai-lah-teeff, -r, adj. 
correlative, having a reciprocal relation. 

Correlation, Ico-rai-lali-syong, sf. correla- 
tiveness, reciprocal relation. 

Correspondance, ko-r ess-pong -dangsse, sf. 
correspondence, relation ; intercourse, re- 
ciprocal intelligence, friendship. 

Correspondant, Ito-ress-pong-dang, sm. cor- 
respondent ; trustee. 

Correspondant, -e, l;o-r ess-pong -dang, -te, 
adj. correspondent, corresponsivc, answer- 
able, adapted, suitable. 
130 



Correspondre, Jco-ress-pnngd r, rn. 4 r. to 
correspond, answer, suit, agree, keep up a 
correspondence. 

Corridor, ko-re-dor, sm. corridor, gallery ; 
covert-way round a fortification. 

Corriger, ko-re-hjai, ra. 1 r. to correct; 
punish, reform, amend, improve, cut off, 
revise, rectify ; temper. 

Se corriger, suh-ko-re-hjai, vref. to amend, 
reform, grow better. 

Corrigible, ko-re-hjeebl, adj. corrigible, 
punishable, alterable. 

Corroboratif, -TE, ko-ro-ho-rdll-terff, -r, 
adj. corroborative, corroborant, strength- 
ening, invigorating. 

Corroborer, ko-io-bo-rai, ra. 1 r. to cor- 
roborate, strengthen, invigorate, make 
strong; establish, confirm. 

Corroder, koro-dai, ra. 1 r. to corrode, eat 
away by degrees, gnaw, waste, wear away 
gradually. 

Corroi, ko-roo-ah, sm. last dressing of a 
hide ; overlaying of clay in the inside of a 
pond to retain the water (vide obs. G). 

Corrompre, ko-rongpr, ra. 4 r. to corrupt, 
infect, spoil, vitiate, deprave, debauch ; 
bribe ; diminish, disturb. 

Se CORRO.mpre, snhko-rongpr, vref. to grow 
vicious, bad, or putrid ; putrefy, corrupt, 
become depraved. 

Corrompu, -e, J.'o-rong-peu, -e, adj. corrupt- 
ed, spoiled ; loose, depraved, dissolute. 

Corrosif, -TE, ko-ro-zeejf, -r, adj. corrosive, 
corrodent, gnawing, wasteful, destructive, 
wearing away by degrees. 

Corrosion, ko-ro-zyong, sf. corrosion, cor- 
rosiveness, acrimony, destruction. 

Corroy'er, ko-roo-ah-yai, ra. 1 r. to curry, 
dress leather ; plane ; join ; overlay : mix. 

Corroteur, ko-roo -ah-yur, sm. currier, 
leather-dresser. 

Corrupteur, -trice, ko-reiip-tttr, -treess, 
smf. corrupter, seducer, clebaucher (vide 
obs. 4). 

Corruptibility, ko-rciip-te-be-le-tai, sf. 
corruptibility, susceptibility of corruption. 

Corruptible, ko-reup-teebl, adj. corruptible, 
susceptible of corruption, that may be bribed. 

Corruptif, -te, Iw-reup-teeff, -r, adj. cor- 
ruptive, tainting, vitiating; bribing. 

Corruption, ko-revp-syong, sf. corruption ; 
depravation ; putrescence ; bribery • per- 
version of principles. 

Cors, korh, snip, antlers, horns, branches of 
stags, deer, <tc. 

Corsage, kor-sahje, sm. shape, body, figure, 
form, make. 

Corsaire, kor-sayre, sm. corsair, pirate, 
sea-rover ; sponging person. 

Corselet, korss-lay, sm. corslet, cuirass, 
light armor for the fore-part of the body, 
breastplate. 

Corset, kor-say, sm. corset, stays, bodice, 
light waistcoat quilted with whalebone. 

Cortege, kor-taihje, sm. train, suite, retinue, 
company, procession ; pomp, pageant. 

Cortical, -e, kor-te-kal, -I, adj. cortical, 
corticose, barky ; exterior, external, super- 
ficial. 

Cop.veable, kor-rai-abl, a<lj. subject to stat- 
ute-labor, statutable. 

Corvef., kor-vaie, sf statute-labor, average 
service paid to the king; unprofitable and 
reluctant labor or undertaking. 



' COT 



cou 



Corvette, kor-vett, ef. advice-boat, cutter ; 
spy-boat, .^loop. 

Couvraxte, fo> • re -hangte, sm. corybante, 
priest ofCybele; Phrygian juggler. 

Cobthbe. ho-raingbe, sm. corymbus, cluster 
of berries ; compounded discous flower, 
such as tbe daisy or marigold. 

COBYMBIFERE, ko-raing-hc-fai/re, adj. co- 
rymbiferous, bearing fruit or berries in 
bnncbes. 

Coryphee, Jto-re-faie, sm. leader of the 
choir; (fig.) chief, head of a sect, party, 
<fcc. ; one who excels in his profession. 

Cosmetique, /. s-i-mai-teek, sm. and adj. cos- 
metic ; beautifying. 

Cosmique, ioss-meek, adj. m. cosmical ; re- 
lating to the world ; rising or setting with 
the sun. 

Cosmogoxie, koss-mo-go-nee, ef. cosmogony, 
rise or birth of the world, creation, uni- 
verse. 

Cosmographe, koss-mo-graff, am. cosmog- 
rapher, describer of the formation of the 
world. 

Cosmographie, lioss-mo-groh-fee, ef. cos- 
mography, science or description of the 
general formation of the world. 

COSMOGRAPHIQOE, koss-mo-grnh-feel;, adj. 
cosmographical, of a general description of 
the world. 

Cosmologie, iMss-mo-lolijre, ef. science of 
the physical laws of the creation, of the 
birth of the world. 

Cosmopolite, kose-mo-po-7eet, emf. cosmopo- 
lite, citizen of the world, person at home 
in every country. 

CosSE, Loss, ef. shell, husk, covering, en- 
velope, wrapper, outward case. 

Cosser (se), euh-ko-eai, vref.lr. to butt, 
strike with the head like a ram. 

Cossox, Jtosonff, am. mite, weevil, any small 
animal feeding upon corn, peas, beans, itc. ; 
bud or shoot of a vine. 

Cossr, -e, Iro-seu, •<--, adj. full of seeds, 
shelly; rich, wealthy; impertinent, se- 
vere ; unlikely, improbable (vine obs. 4). 

Costal, koss-tal, -1, adj. costal, belonging to 
the ribs. 

Costume, koss-teum, sm. costume ; respect- 
ive dress; theatre, ball, or masquerade 
dress, official badge. 

Costimer, koss-tcu-mai, va. n. 1 r. to dress 
in character; appropriate the dress to its 
respective ages or nations. 

Cote, kott, ef. numeral mark, number, quota, 
proportion ; approximate compensation. 

Cote, hate, ef. rib ; declivity of a hill, ,vc. ; 
coast, race, descent, extraction. 

Cotb a Cote, kote-ah-kote, ad. exp. side by 
side, abreast, on a par, cheek by jowl. 

Cote, koe-tai, sm. side ; face, aspect ; line ; 
party. De vion cote, for my part. 

Cote "(etre sur le), eytr-seur.-luh-koe-tai, 
v. aux. prov. exp. to be ill a-bed ; wound- 
ed ; (fig.) to be ruined (vide obs. 4). 

A cOte, ahdeoe-tai, ad. near, by, at a small 
distance, beside, at hand, not far off. 

A. cote de, ah-koe-tai-duh, prep, near, close 
to, at no great distance from, nigh, by. 

De cote, duh-koe-tai, ad. sideways, side- 
long, laterally, obliquely, on the side, awry. 

De cote (regap.der), rvhijhar-dai-duh-Jcoe- 
tat, prov. va. 1 r. to look askance, with 
contempt, passion, or confusion. 



De cote (mettui:), mcttr-duh koe-tai. prov. 

bo, 4 irr. to reserve, put by, lav aside. 
De cote (laisskr), laisai-dun-koe-iai, r rov. 

in. 1 r. to abandon, forsake, put by, not 

mind. 
( v.tk au. -x, p. ko-to. -e, p. em. hillock, little 

hill, declivity of a hill. 
Cotei.ette, kotedelt, ef, mutton, veal, lamb, 

pork chop ; cutlet. 
CoTERj ko-tai, va. 1 r. to mark, number; 

appoint, quote. 
Coterie, kot-ree, ef. coterie, familiar society, 

club ; cabal, intrigue, secret meeting. 
Cote rotie, kotc-m-tie, sin. Burgundy wine 

of an excellent flavor. 
COTHORNE, ko-teurn, em. buskin worn by 

tragedians (vide obs. 4). 
Cotier, koe-ti/ai, sm. and adj. coast pilot ; 

coasting, sailing by the coast. 
Cotieue, fooeJyayre, ef. shore, length of 

coast ; border ; sloping bed against a gar- 
den wall. 
Cotigxac, ko-leenrj-i/ack, sm. (vide obs. Z), 

quince, marmalet. 
Cotillox, ko-tc-gong, sm. under-petticoat ; 

cotillon, French dance. 
Cotir, ko-teer, ia. 2 r. to bruise, crush ; 

mangle, hurt. 
Cotisatiox, ko-te-zah-eyong, ef. cess, assess- 
ment, tax, duty, rate, voluntary share. 
COTISER, ko-te-zai, va. 1 r. to assess, rate, 

tax ; charge with a certain sum ; club. 
Se COflSER, suh ko-te-zai, rref. to contribute 

voluntarily an equal share, subscribe an 

equal sum. 
COTISSURE, ko-tc-seur, ef. bruise on fruit. 
Cotox, ko-tong, sm. cotton ; down ; wool ; 

pulp ; omen. Toile dc colon, calico. 
Cotoxxade, ko-to-imd, ef. cotton stuff, linen, 

or goods ; any thing made of cotton. 
Cotoxxer, ko to-nai, va. 1 r. to fill or stuff 

with wadding. 
Se cotoxxer, suh-ho to-nai, rref. to be cov- 
ered with down ; to grow soft, spongy, 

watery. 
Cotoxxeux, -se, Jio-to-mthe, -ze, adj. woolly, 

soft and spongy ; pulpy. 
Cotoxxier, ko-lo-nyai, sm. cotton- tree, low 

shrub producing cotton. 
Cotoxxixe, ko-lo-neenn, ef, coarse calico, 

coarse Indian stuff. 
CoTOYER, ko-too-ah-yai, va. 1 r. to coast, 

sail by or near the coast ; go side by side, 

along a wood, &c. 
Cotret, ko-tray, small fagot ; branch ; club ; 

dry stick. 
COTRET (UUILE De), eued-duh-ko-t ray, prov. 

exp. ef. severe punishment, sound thresh- 
ing or beating. 
COTRET (SEC, -HE,/. COM MB US), sayk, saish- 

kom-ting-ko-lroy, prof. exp. lean, wan. 

emaciated. 
Cotte, lot, ef. petticoat, countrywoman's 

petticoat. 
Cotte d'armes, kot-darm, ef. coat of arms ; 

(fig.) escutcheon, scutcheon. 
Cotte de maili.es, kot-duh-mah-yuh, ef. coat 

of mail, iron armor. 
Cotuteuk, ko-tru-ttir, am. joint trustee, 

guardian, agent (vide obs. 4). 
Cou. koo, am. neck ; long narrow part. Mou- 

choir de cou, neckerchief. Tour de cou, 

neckcloth. Prendre ses jambes a son cou, 

to take to one's heels. 

131 



coif 



COU 



Cou de pied, koode-pyai, sm. instep, upper 
part of the foot where it joins to the leg. 

Cou (SE rompre LE), suh-rongprduh^koo, 
prov. v. 4irr. to break one's neck ; (fig.) 
commit a great blunder. 

Couard, -e, koo-ar, -d, adj. cowardly, fear- 
ful, timorous, pusillanimous, mean, faint- 
hearted. 

Couardise, 7.00 - ar - deeze, sf. cowardice, 
pusillanimity, fear, cowardliness, want of 
courage. 

Couch a st, koo-shang, sm. Occident, west ; 
old age. 

Couchant, -e, koo-shang, -t, adj. setting, 
going down ; couchant, lying down, squat- 
ting. 

Cocche, koosh, sf. couch, bed, bedstead ; 
childbirth ; lying-in ; layer ; hot-bed ; 
stake ; butt-end. 

Couchee. lioo-shaie, sf. night's lodging at an 
inn, expense of the night's lodging. 

Coucher, koo-shui, snt. bed-time, hour of 
rest ; bedding ; going to bed ; couchee ; 
setting. 

Coucher dusoleil, koo-shai-deu-soday-yuh, 
sm. sunset, evening, close of the day. 

Coccher, koo-shai, va. 1 r. to put to bed, 
help to bed ; knock down, kill ; lay down ; 
spread ; aim at ; stake. Coucher une h<>«- 
teille sur le cole, to empty a bottle. Coucher 
en jour, to have one's eye upon one. * Frier 
Dieu a. son coucher, to say one's prayers at 
night. 

Coucher ex joue, koo-shai-ang-lijooe, va. 
1 r. to level a gun, pistol, Ac, at one. 

Coccher, koo-shai, vn. 1 r. to lie down, 
sleep, repose ; pass the night at an inn. 

Se coucher, suh-ioo-shai, vref. to go to bed, 
stretch one's self; sit, fall below the hori- 
zon. 

Couchette, fooo-shett, sf. couch, small bed 
without tester and curtains ; sofa-bed. 

Couciikcr, -SB, loo-shur, -shiize, suit', couch- 
fellow, bed-fellow; (fig.) find-fault, cavil- 
ler, surly person. 

Couci COUCI, lioo-se-lcao-se (cosi cosi, from the 
Italian), ad. so so, indifferently, nearly so, 
thus. 

Coucou, 7,'OO-Jcoo, sm. cuckoo, bird of pas- 
sage ; strawberry -plant that blossoms but 
bears no berries. 

Col'de, loud, sui. elbow, joint of the arm be- 
low the shoulder ; any bend or angle. 

Coude (hausser le), ho-sai-luh-hnod, prov. 
exp. v. 1 r. to drink hard. 

Coudee, koo-daie, sf. elbow-room ; cubit or 
foot and a half; freedom from confinement. 

C0UDEES (TRANCHES), frany.-h-L-ori-daic, sfp. 
freedom, liberty, free-will, independence. 

Couder, koo-dai, va. 1 r. to bend, curve, 
crook, inflect in the form of an angle. 

Coudoyer, koo-doo-ah-yai, ra. 1 r. to elbow, 
push with the elbow ; push, drive. 

Coudraie, koo-draie, sf. plantation of hazel- 
trees. 

Coudre, koodr, sm. hazel, filbert tree. 

Coudre, koodr, va. 4 irr. to sew, stitch, 
work on with a needle ; unite, assemble, 
join. 

Coudrette, Tcoo-drett, sf. (poet.) hazel-grove, 
plantation of hazel-trees. 

Coddrier, koo-dre-yai, sm. wild hazel-nut- 
tree. 

Couexxe, koo-an. sf. sward, skin of bacon ; 
132 



whitish incrustation upon the blood in in- 
flammatory diseases. 

Couex.veux, -se, koo-ah-niihe, -ze, adj. cov- 
ered with a skin, sward, or an incrusta- 
tion. 

Coulage, koo-lohje, sm. gradual emission, 
dropping, wasting, waste of liquors, Ac. 

Coulammext, koo-lah-mang, ad. fluently; 
in an easy manner ; copiously. 

Coulant, koo-lang, sm. diamond-necklace ; 
precious stone ; jewel, movable ring, sli- 
der. 

COULANT, -e, koodang, -t, adj. fluent ; run- 
ning ; agreeable ; easy ; facile ; ready, co- 
pious, smooth, voluble. 

Coitle, koolni, sm. quick sliding-step (in 
dancing), slide ; first couch ; cast ; outlet 
of water. 

Coulee, knndaie, sf. running hand ; mouth 
of a furnace. 

Coulemen't, kool-mang, sm. dropping, emis- 
sion, waste running out of a fluid. 

Couler, lioo-lai, va. 1 r. to flow, strain ; 
cast, soak; slide, slip slyly; insinuate; 
insert, convey, add, slur, spend, pass. La 
rif/itc coule, the grapes drop off. 

Couler a fond, koo-lai-ah-fong, (pror. exp.) 
va. and n. 1 r. to sink, ruin, undo, destroy, 
be ruined, &c. 

Couler, koo lai, vn. 1 r. to leak, drop, slip, 
flow, circulate ; pass, run on ; glide ; sink. 

Secocleu, suh-koodai, vref. to enter, slip, 
sneak in, slide, creep, steal in by stealth 
and imperceptibly. 

Couleur, koolur, sf. color, tint ; complex- 
ion ; appearance, pretext ; ornament ; suit 
at cards. 

Couleurs, kooduhre, sfp. livery. Porter les 
couleurs, poi-taidey-kooduhre, r. 1 r. to 
be a footman. Les gens qui portent les cou- 
leurs, servants in livery. 

Couleuvre, koo-luhvr, sf. snake, (fig.) vex- 
ations, sorrows, mortifications, crosses ; 
disappointments. 

Couleuvres (avaler des), ah-vahlai-dey- 
kooduherr, (pror. exp.) v. 1 r. to swallow 
many bitter pills. 

Couleuvreau, -x, koodnli-vro, sm. young 
snake, young of a snake. 

Coulis, koo Ice, sm. gravy, jelly, essence of 
meat. 

Coulis (vext), rangdioodee, sm. ventiduct, 
wine coming through cracks, chinks, crev- 
ices, apertures, Ac. 

Coulisse, Jcoodeess, sf. groove, side scene, 
space between the scenes ; channel. 

Coulisse (princesse de), praing-sess-duh- 
koodeess, sf. actress. 

Couloir, koo-loo-ar, sm. milk-strainer, filter; 
passage, gallery ; vent. 

Couloire, koodoo-ahr (vide obs. G), sf. cul- 
lender, culinary instrument. 

Coulure, koodeur (vide obs. 4), sf. running; 
fusion ; mildew, blight. 

Coup, koo, sm. stroke, blow, percussion, 
bruise, wound ; load, aim, hit ; draught ; 
bout ; act ; shot ; peal, firing ; throw, move. 
Se hater de faire son coup, to hasten the 
execution of one's design. 

Coup de roiNG, kood poo-aing, sm. fisiieuff ; 
blow with the hand clenched. Donner des 
coups de jioing, to cuff. 

Coup de pied, kood-pyai, sm. kick, kick- 
ing. 



cou 



cou 



Co it n'otiL, koo-duh-yuh,sm. glance, snatch 

of sight ; point of view. 
Coup i>r. main, hood-maing, em, sudden and 
successful attack, timely assistance. Pren- 
dre une place il'un coup de main, to take a 
town without cannon. 

Corr i>i: DENT, kood-dang , sm. bite, mouth- 
ful ; home thrust. 

Colt d'oxgi.e, koo-dong-gl, sm. scratch, 
laceration with the nails. 

Coup he grace, hood -gi rhfute, sm. finishing 
stroke, death-blow, ruin of a person. 

Coup DE languk or BEC, hood-uxng-g or beclc, 

gm, slander, calumny, invective. 
Coit D'EPEE, koo-dai-paie, sm. thrust with 

a sword. 
Colt de Jarxac, kood-jar-nacb, sm. mortal 
blow given cowardly ; treacherous deed or 
action. 

Colt D'ETAT, koo-dautah, sm. piece of poli- 
cy, bold undertaking, violent measure. 

Colt de theatre, koo-duh-lai-ahtr, sm. 
striking effect, sudden change ; surprising 
event. 

Coup de maitre, kood - meytr, am. well 
planned and executed action, well-concert- 
ed scheme. 

Cocp d'essai, koo-day-say, sm. first attempt, 
trial; sketch; light or unfinished produc- 
tion. 

Colt de tete, kood-teyte, sm. giddy, rash 
action. 

Coup de Sa> _ g, kond-sang, sm. extravasation 
of the blood in the head. 

Coup de foudre, kood-foodr, sm. thunder- 
bolt ; unforeseen and unexpected event, 
stunning blow. 

Colt de fortune, kood-for-teun, sm. lucky 
and unexpected chance. 

Coup DU ciel, koo-deu-syell, sm. providen- 
tial, divine interposition (vide obs. -1). 

Colt de tonneee, koo-duli-to-nayre, sm. 
thunderclap, peal of thunder ; stunning 
blow. 

Colt de soleil, kood-so-lay-ynh, sm. sud- 
den sunbeam affecting or darting upon the 
head. 

Colt de vent, kood-vang, sm. gust of wind, 
souall. 

Colt de mer, kood-mair, sm. mountainous 
surge, great rolling wave. 

Colt de siflet, kood-se-flay, sm. whistle, 
whistling, signal. 

Colt de fouet, kood-foo-ay, sm. lash, lash- 
ing. 

Colt de baton, kood-liah-tong, sm. cudgel- 
ling, beating with a stick. 

Coup de pinceau, kood-paing-so, sm. stroke 
of the pencil. 

Coup de plume, kood-plrum, sm. dash of the 
pen ; erasement (vide obs. 4). 

Colt de ciiapeau, hood-»hah-pc\ sm. pull- 
ing down of the hat. salutation. 

Coup de partie, kood-par-tee, sm. winning 
throw, move, or stroke. 

Coup de lancette, kood-lang-sett, sm. prick 
of the lancet, bleeding, opening of a vein. 

Colt de filet, hood-fe-lay, sm. draught; 
complete sweep ; (fig.) great profit. 

Coup de fusil, kood-f'-u-zc, gun-shot. 

Coup d"ami, koo-dah-me, sm. friendly turn, 
timely assistance. 

Coup fourre, koo ■ /do - rai, sm. mutual 
thrust, secret overreach. 



Colt montk. koo-mong-tai, sm. result, final 

issue of a scheme, plot, &c. 

Coup perdu, hoo-pair-deu, sm. lost time, un- 
successful event, random shot, &C. 

Coup (MAUTAIS), mo-vey-koo, sm. wicked ac- 
tion, crime, misdeed. 

A COLT sOu, cth-koo-scur, ad. certainly, in- 
dubitably, without fail (vide obs. 4). 

Af::es colt, ah-prey-koo, ad. too late. 

Tout d'un colt, too-dung-koo, ad. all at 
once, immediately ; without Stopping. 

Tout a coup, toot-ah-koo, ad. suddenly, has- 
tily, on a sudden, unexpectedly. 

Pour le coup, poor-luh-koo, ad. now, for 
this time. 

Coup sur coup, koo-seur-koo, repeatedly, at 
every turn ; one after another. 

A TODS coups, ah-tooekooe, ad. very often ; 
on every occasion ; every time, &.C. 

Dv premier coup, deu pridi-myai-koo, ad. 
exp. at the first, at the onset. 

Encore UN coup, ang-kor-ung-koo, ad. exp. 
once more (vide obs. 1). 

Coltable, koo-pahl. smf. and adj. culprit, 
criminal ; culpable, guilty ; blamable. 

Coupaxt, -e, koo -pang, -(, adj. cutting, 
sharp, keen, edged. 

Coupaxt, koo pang. sm. edge, keenness, cut- 
ting part of a blade, tool, &c. 

Coupe, loop, sf. cut, cutting ; form, shape, 
fashion ; cup ; division ; dependence. 

Coupe, koo-pai, sm. coupee, step or motion 
in dancing. 

Coupe, -e, koo-pai, -e, adj. intersected, lying 
across, traverse, out ; mixed ; short ; un- 
connected ; divided. 

Coupe-gorge, koop-gorhje, sm. cut-throat 
place ; gaming-house ; any place of extor- 
tion. 

Coupe-jarret, koop-hjah-ray, sm. murder- 
er, assassin, cut-throat, ruffian. 

Coupelle, koo-pell, sf. coppel, test, instru- 
ment used to refine gold and silver. 

Coupe-paille, koop-pah-yuh, sm. straw-cut- 
ter ; machine to cut straw. 

Coupe-pate, koop-p'aht, sm. dough-knife. 

Colter, koo-pai, va. 1 r. to cut, separate, 
divide, carve, hew ; cross ; mix, geld ; ob- 
struct, stop ; interrupt, silence ; puzzle ; 
kill, murder. Couper chemin a quelqu'un, 
to stop one's way. 

Colter, koo-pai, vn. 1 r. to cut, make a 
coupee ; cut short, abridge. 

Se couper, suh-koo-pai, vref. to contradict 
one's self; cross one another; be separa- 
ted. 

Colter la parole, koo-pai-lah-pah-rol, v. 
1 r. to interrupt, silence. 

Colter court, koo-pai-koor, v. 1 r. to cut 
short, abridge, epitomize, curtail ; put an 
end to. 

Couper du vix, &c, koo-pai-deu-vaing, (J-r., 
v. 1 r. to put water to wine, &c. 

Couper la racixe or pied a, koo-pai-lah- 
rah-seen or pyui-ah, v. 1 r. to root out, 
eradicate, prevent. 

Couper la tete, koopaidah-teyte, v. 1 r. 
to behead. 

Colter la bourse, koo-paidah-hoorse, v. 1 
r. to rob, steal, thieve. 

Couperet, koop-ray, sm. cleaver ; hatchet. 

Colterose, koop-roze, sf. copperas, kind 
of vitriol ; cutaneous disease, pimples, 
blotches. 

133 



cou 



cou 



Coupeuose, -e, koop-ro-zai, e, adj. full of 
pimples, blotches, red pustules. 

Coupe-tkte, koop-leyte, sm. leap-frog, boys' 
play. 

CouPeur, -se, koo-pur, -puhze, smf. grape- 
cutter, vintager. 

Coupeur DE BOURSE, koo-pur -dull -boorse, 
sm. cut-purse, pickpocket, thief, robber. 

Couple, koopl, sm. couple ; pair, man and 
wife ; brace, two, male and female ; chain : 
sf couple, brace, two things. 

Coupler, hoo-plai, va. 1 r. to couple, chain 
together ; lodge two together. 

Couplet, koo - play. sm. couplet, stanza. 
Couplet satirique, koo play-sah-te-reek, sm. 
lampoon. 

Coupleter, koo-phth-tai, va. 1 r. to lam- 
poon, satirize, expose to derision. 

Coupoir, koo-poo-ar, sm. cutting or paring 
knife, sharp tool (vide obs. 6). 

Coupole, koo-pol. sf. cupola, dome, spherical 
summit of a building. 

Coupon, koo-pong, sm.. cutting, remnant, 
shred ; draught, check. 

Coupure, koo-peure, sf. cut, wound ; (fig.) 
contraction, abridgment, cutting off, re- 
trenchment (vide obs. 4). 

Cour, koor, sf. court, yard ; princely reti- 
nue, council, court of justice. 

Cour (basse), bass-koor; sf. poultry-yard. 

Cour (iiomme de), om-duhkoor, sm., cour- 
tier ; fawner, flatterer. 

Cour (ami de), ah-tnee-dith-Jcoor, sm. insin- 
cere friend, one who professes more than 
lie means to do. 

Courage, koo-rahje, sm. courage, bravery, 
fortitude ; soul, heart ; zeal, ardor ; intre- 
pidity, passion. 

Courage, koo-rahje, int. courage ! cheer 
up ! be of good cheer ! 

Courageusement, koo-rah-hjuhzc-mang, ad. 
courageously, bravely ; with firmness, pa- 
tience. 

Courageux, -se, koo-rah -hjuhe, -zc, adj. 
courageous, brave, intrepid ; persevering, 
patient. 

Couramment, koo-rah-mang, ad. fluently, 
readily, with facility ; rapidly. 

Courant, koo-rang, pres. part, of cowrir, 
running. 

Courant, koo-rang, sm. current, running 
stream, course ; way, custom ; progress. 

Tout courant, too-koo-rang, ad. exp. easily, 
without hesitation, readily. 

Courant, -e, Jam-rang, -t, adj. running; 
flowing; current. Cliien courant, a hound. 

Courante, koo-rangt, sf. courant, couranto ; 
nimble dance ; hasty news ; diarrhoea, 
short-hand writing. 

Courbatu, -E, koor-bah-tcu, -e, adj. founder- 
ed, sorely fatigued (vide obs. 4). 

Courbature, koor-bah-teur, sf. excessive fa- 
tigue, soreness of feet ; painful weariness 
(vide obs. 4). 

Course, koorb, sf. and adj. curve -, arch ; 
pair of horses dragging a boat ; gourdi- 
ness ; swelling on the legs of horses. 

Courbe, koorb, sf. crooked limber or piece 
of wood, rib of a ship ; curb. 

Courbe, -e, koor-bai, -e, adj. curvated, bent, 
bowed, arched, vaulted, crooked. 

Courber, koor-bai, va. 1 r. to curve, bend, 
crook, inflect, incline ; curb, check, re- 
strain. 

134 



Courber, koor-bai, vn. 1 r. to bend ; submit, 

yield to, comply, give way. 
Se courber, suh-koor-bai, vref. to give way, 

bend, bow, submit, comply with ; stoop. 
Courbette, koor-bctt, sf. curvet, leap, bound, 

frolic, prank ; cringe, servile civility. 

COURBETTES (FAIRE DES), faire-dey-konr-bett, 

prov. exp. v. 4 irr. to cringe, flatter, bow 
to, crouch. 

Courbetter, koor-bai-tai, vn.l r. to curvet, 
leap, bound, frisk. 

Courbure, koor-leitr, sf. curvature, inflec- 
tion, fold, plait, crookedness ; elongation. 

Courcaillet, koor-kahyay, sm. quail-pipe ; 
call of the quail-. 

Courcet, koor-say, sm. bill-hook, hatchet, 
pruning-knife. 

Couree, koo-raie, sf. tar, liquid mixture of 
pitch, tallow, sulphur, resin, <fcc. 

Coureur, koo-rur, sm. runner ; rover, liber- 
tine, vagabond ; messenger ; racer. 

Coureurs, koo-ruhre, smp. scouts, recon- 
noitring party. 

Coureuse, koo-ruhze, sf. gossip, gadabout ; 
street-walker. 

Courge, koorhje, sf. gourd, a plant ; prefec- 
ture in architecture. 

Courir, koo-reer, vn. 2 irr. to run ; ramble ; 
extend ; flow ; glide, run on ; hurry ; cir- 
culate, spread ; gad about. 

Courir a or apres, Jcoo-reer, vn. 2 irr. to 
hurry to, run after ; pursue eagerly ; be in 
quest of; thirst after. 

Courir a toutes jambes, Teoo-reer-ah-tooit- 
hjangbe,prov. exp. v. to run with full speed; 
hurry to. 

Courir apres les honneurs, Teoo-reer-ali- 
prcy-Jey-zo-nuhre, v. to thirst after honors. 

Courir, koo-reer, va. 2 irr. to go about ; 
travel over ; frequent, visit ; seek, pursue ; 
be exposed; rove, wander over. Faire 
courir vn bruit, to be the author of a re- 
port. An temps qui court, as times go. 

Courir la toste, koo-reer-lah-postt, v. to 
ride post ; (fig.) hurry on, make quick work. 

Courir la fretantaine, koo-reer-lah-prai- 
tanq-tain, prov. exp. v. to trad about, ram- 
ble'. 

Courir les hers, koorcer-ley-meyre, v. to 
infest the seas, pirate. 

Courir le cerf, koo-reer-luh-sair, v. to hunt 
the stag, &c. 

Courir risque de, koo-reer-reesk-duh, v. to 
run the chance, be in danger. 

Courir des risques, Tcoo-reer-dejt-reesk, r. 
to be in danger of, be at stake, unsafe, in- 
secure. 

Courir mkjie fortune, koo-reer-meyme-for- 
teun (vide obs. 4), v. to be in the same situ- 
ation, have the same interest. 

Courir le pays, le monde, Itoo-reer-luh- 
pai-e, luh-mongde, v. to travel abroad in 
foreign countries. 

Courir le monde, koo-reerduh-mongde, v. 
to associate with, visit people of fashion. 

Courir les spectacles, <fcc, kooreer-ley- 
speck-tahkl,$-c, to frequent playhouses, <!tc. 

Courlis, koor-lee, sm. curlew, water-fowl. 

Coukonne, koo-ronn, sf. crown ; regal power, 
royalty ; coronal, coronet ; garland, chap- 
let ; ring, circle. 

Couronne.ment. koo-ronn-mang, sm. coro- 
nation ; highest ornament ; perfection, ful- 
filment. 



cou 



cou 



COURONNBR, koo-io-nai, va. 1 r. to crown, 
invest with a crown ; reward, dignify ; 
complete, perfect, terminate, finish. 

Couronnure, koo-ro-neure (vide obs. 4), sf. 
branching antlers of the stag. 

Courrai, koor-rai, fut. of courir, shall or 
will run. 

Courrais, koor-rry, condit. of courir, would 
run. 

Courre, koor (old synonym of courir), va. 
■i irr. to hunt, pursue, run, course. 

Courrier, koo-ryny, sm. courier, express, 
hasty messenger. 

Courroie, koo-roo-ah (vide obs. G), sf. leather 
thong or strap. 

Courroucer, koo-roo-sai, va. 1 r. to irritate, 
provoke, tease, exasperate. 

Se courroucer, suli-loi-roo-sai, vref. 1 r. to 
grow exasperated, furious ; rage. 

Courroux, koo-rooe, sm. wrath, anger, fury, 
rage ; raging. 

Cocks, koor, pres. ind. of courir, run. 

COTTRS, koor, sm. course ; duration ; career, 
race ; fashion ; public walk ; current price. 

Cours (avoir), ah-voo-ar-koor (vide obs. 6), 
v. aux. to be in vogue, current. 

Cours (n'ayoir plus de), nah-voo-ar-pleude- 
lioor, vref. to be out of fashion ; no more 
current. Une chose qui n'a plus cours, a 
thing out of date. 

Course, koorse, sf. run, running, race, riding, 
fare ; cruise ; inroad, excursion ; journey, 
voyage. 

Coursier, koor-syai, sm. courser, war-horse ; 
charger, steed, racer, swift horse, horse. 

Court, -e, koor, -t, adj. short ; brief, suc- 
cinct, concise ; narrow, limited, contracted : 
defective ; scanty. 

Court, koor, ad. short ; quick ; soon ; at 
once. Tout-court, too-koor, ad. short ; all 
at once. Je me relirai tout court, I went 
away presently. 

Court (coufeb), koo-pai-koor, r.a. 1 r. to cut 
short, abridge, retrench ; leave off ab- 
ruptly. 

Court A (COuper), koo-pai-koor, v. to in- 
terrupt ; refuse to hear. 

Court (tournkr), loor-nai-koor, va. 1 r. to 
turn off abruptly ; break off, change the 
subject. 

Court (kester or demeurer), ress-tai or 
duh-muh-ro i-koor, va. 1 r. to stop short, 
not know what to say, how to proceed. 

Court (prendre VT),pranffdr-duh-koor,va. 
4 irr. to press, demand, urge payment un- 
seasonably. 

Court (tesir de), tuJi-neer-duh-koor, va. 
2 irr. to keep short ; limit, confine, keep a 
strict hand over. 

Courtage, koor-taJije, sm. brokerage, bar- 
tery, agency, exchange ; expense of ex- 
change. 

Courtaud, how-toe, sm. short thick-set man ; 
shopman or boy. 

Courtaud, -e, koor-toe, -tode, adj. short and 
thick, squat, shapeless ; short-tailed. 

Courtauder, koor-toe-dai, va. 1 r. to crop, 
cut oil" short the tail or cars of a horse, dog, 
Ac. 

Court-bouillon, koor-boo-yong, sm. stewed 

fish or meat, Ax.; fish or meat stewed gently 
on the fire. 
Courte-halei.nk, koorte-ah-leyne, sf. short 
respiration, breath, asthma. 



Couktement, koorte-manff, ad. shortly, con- 
cisely, briefly, in a few words. 

Couhte-paille, koorte-pah-yuh, sf. unequal 
slips of straw (to draw lots'). 

Courte-paume, koorte-pome, sf. tennis, play 
with a ball and racket. 

Courte-poin'te, koorte-poo-aingie, sf. coun- 
terpane. 

Courtier, koor-tyai, sm. broker, factor. 

Courtixe, koor-teenn, sf. curtain, rampart 
between two bastions. 

Courtisan, koor-te-zang, sm. courtier; wooer. 

Courtisane, koor-te-zunn, sf. courtesan, bad 
woman. 

COURTISER, koor-te-zai, va. 1 >•. to court; woo. 

Courtois, -E, koor-too-ah, -zc, adj. courteous, 
well-bred. 

Courtoisement, koor - too - alize - mang, ad. 
courteously, in a civil manner. 

Courtoisie, koor-too-ah-zee, sf. courtesy, 
civility. 

Couru, -e, koo-roo, -c, adj. fashionable, in 
vogue. P. part, of courir, run. 

Courus, koo-reu, pret. def. of courir, ran. 

Cousant, koo-zang, pres. part, of coudre, 
sewing. 

Couseuse, koo-zuhze, sf. sempstress, seam- 
stress. 

Cousin, koo-zaing, sm. gnat, midge. 

Cousin, -e, koo-zaing, -zeenn, smf. cousin, 
relation. 

Cousinage, koo-zc-nahje, sm. kindred, rela- 
tive. 

Cousiner, koo-ze-nai, va. 1 r. to call cousin ; 
claim kindred with the great ; sponge. 

Cousiniere, koo-zc-rtyayre, sf. burdensome 
relations ; gauze curtain against gnats. 

Cousis, koo-zee, pret. def. of coudre, sewed. 

Cousoir, koo-zoo-ar, sm. frame to stitch 
books. 

Coussin, koo-saing, em. cushion, soft pad. 

Coussinet, koo-se-nay , sm. small cushion or 
pad to carry burdens on the head, roller, 
fillet, bandage ; bag. 

Cousu, -E, koo-zeu, -e, adj. slender, hollow ; 
made of ; marked ; discreet. P. part, of 
coudre, sewed. 

Cousu, -e d'or, koo-zeu, -e dor, idi. exp. 
very rich, made of money. 

COUSU, -E DE BLESSURES, koo-zeu, -e-dult- 

blay-seure, idi. exp. covered with wounds. 

COUSU, -E DE PETITE VEROLE, koo-zcit, -e- 

duh-pieet-vai-rol, much marked with the 
small-pox. 

Cousde (douche), hoosh-koo-zeu (vide obs. 4), 
idi. exp. secrecy ; close lips ; mum ! 

CotfT, kooe, sm. cost, expense, charges. 

Couteau, -x, koo-to, -e, sm. knife ; dirk, dag- 
ger. 

Couteau DE Chasse, koo -to - dshasse, sm. 
hanger. 

Couteau a deux tranchants, sm. idi. exp. 
double-dealer, backbiter. 

Couteaux tires (a), alikoo-toe-te-rai, snip. 
idi. exp. at drawn daggers ; at variance, 
at enmity. 

Coutelas, koot-l'ah, sm. cutlass, broad cut- 
ting sword. 

Coutelier, koo-tuh-lyai, sm. cutler, hard- 
war em an. 

Couteliere, kootuh-lyayre, sf. sheath ; cut- 
ler's wife. 

Coutei.lerie, koo-tcll-ree, sf. cutlery, hard- 
ware. 

133 



CRA 



CRA 



Couter, kooe-tai, va. n. 1 r. to cost, be 
worth, stand in. JJ argent ve lui coiite 
quire, he knows not the value of money. 
Tout lui coiite, he acts against the grain. 

Couteux, -SE, kooe-tuhe, -ze, adj. costly, 
expensive. 

Coutier, koo-ty it, sm. tick weaver or seller. 

Coutit, koo-te, sm. tick, ticking, strong 
linen. 

Coutre, kooetr, sm. coulter, sharp iron of 
the plough. 

Ooutume, I.oo-teum, sf. custom, habit. 

Coutumier, -E, koo-teu-mi/ai, -re ivide obs. 
4), adj. customary, usual, ordinary. 

Couture, koo-teur (vide obs. 4), if. seam ; 
scar ; suture. 

Couture, -e, koo-teu-rai, -e (vide obs. 4), 
adj. scarred. 

Couturieke, koo-teu-ryayre, sf. seamstress, 
mantua-maker ; sewer ; dress-maker. 

Couvaisox, Jcoo-vay-zong, sf. brood, brood- 
ing-time. 

Couvee, koo-vaie, sf. brood, covey, hatch ; 
progeny. 

Couve.nt, Jcoo-vang, sm. convent, monastery, 
nunnery. 

Couvee, Icoo-vai, va. 1 r. to brood ; devise; 
hatch, sit on eggs. 

Couvercle, koo-cairkl, sm. cover, lid. 

Couvert, koo-vair, sm. plate, knife, fork, 
and spoon ; laying of the cloth ; cover, 
shelter, refuge ; shade, envelope. Mettre 
son bien a couvert, to secure one's property. 
A couoert, under shelter. 

Couvert, -e, koo-vair, -t, adj. dressed ; hid- 
den, insidious ; dark. P. part, of coucrir, 
covered. 

Couverte, koo-vairt, sf. enamel ; covering. 

Couverture, koo-vair -tear, sf. blanket; rug; 
cover ; roof; wrapper. 

Couverturier, koo-vair-teu-ryai, sm. blan- 
ket weaver or seller (vide obs. 4). 

Couvet, koo-cay, sm. foot warming-pan. 

Couveuse, koo-cuhze, sf. brooding hen. 

Couvi, koo-ce, adj. and sm. addle ; unpro- 
lific. 

Couvkant, koo-vranff, pres. part, of coucrir, 
covering. 

Couvre, koovr, pres. ind. of coucrir, cover. 

COUVRE-CHEF, koovr-sheff, sm. cap, head- 
dress, head-band. 

Couvre-feu, koocr-fuhe, sm. fire-cover ; cur- 
few. 

Couvre-pieds, kooor-pyaie, em. small cov- 
erlet to cover the feet. 

Cocvreur, koo - vrttr, sm. slater, tiler, 
thatcher. 

Couvrir, koo-vreer, va. 2 irr. to cover ; con- 
ceal, hide ; shelter, defend. Une voix qui 
couvre les autres, a voice that drowns others. 

Se couvrir, suh-koo-vreer, vref. 2 irr. to 
lower; put on one's hat ; cover one's self ; 
acquire ; take advantage of. Se coucrir 
richement, to dress richly. 

Couvius, koo-vree, pret. def. of coucrir, cov- 
ered. 

Crabe, Itrah, sm. crab, sort of lobster, sign 
of the zodiac. 

Cracier, krah-byai, sm. crab-eater, small 
American heron. 

Crac, krak, sm. crack, sudden noise. 

Craciiat, krah-shah, vm. spittle. 

Craciie, -e, krah-shai, -e, adj. very like, re- 
sembling. 
136 



Crachement, krash-mang. sm. spitting. 

Cracher, krah-shay, va. 1 r. to spit ; eon- 
tribute. 

Cracheur, -se, krah-shur, -shuhze, smf. 
spitter. 

Crachoir, krah-shoo-ar (vide obs. 6), spit- 
ting-pan. 

CrachOtemen't, /.- rail -shot -mang, sm. fre- 
quent spitting. 

Cractioter, krah-sho-tai, vn. 1 r. to spit 
little and often. 

Craie, krey, sf. chalk, white fossil ; bole. 

Craignant, krai-vng-yang, pres. part, of 
craindre, fearing. 

Craig.nis, krai-in</-yee, pret. def. of craindre, 
feared. 

Craindre, kraingdr, va. 4 irr. to fear, dread. 

Chains, Jcraivg, pres. ind. oleraindre, fear. 

Craint, -e, kraing, -t, p. part, of craindre, 
feared. 

Crainte, kraingle, sf. fear, dread ; anxiety. 

Craintif, -ve, kraing-lecff, -teec, adj. fear- 
ful, afraid. 

Craintivement, kraing -teec -many, ad. fear- 
fully. 

CRAMOISI, krah-moo-ah-ze, sm. crimson, dark 
red. 

Cramoisi, -e, krah-moo-ah-ze, -e, adj. deep 
red. 

Crampe, krdngpe, sf cramp, spasm ; cramp- 
iron. 

Crampon, krang-pong, sm. cramp-iron, 
cramp. 

Cramponner,7iT«?)<7-jo»;ui/, va.\ r. to cramp. 

Se cramfonner, suh-krang-po-nai, vref. to 
grasp. 

Cramponnet, krang-po-nay. sm. small hook. 

Cran, krang, sm. nick, notch ; score. 

Crane, krahn, sm. skull ; noisy fellow. 

Cranerie, kran-ree, sf. bluster, roar ; boast. 

Crapaud, kruh-poe, sm. toad ; ugly man. 

Crapaudaille, krah-po-dah-yuh, sf. thin 
crape. 

Crapaudiere, krali-po-dyayre, sf. filthy 
place. 

CrapaUdixe, krah-po-deen, sf. toad-stone ; 
pivot-hole. 

Crapoussin, -e, kro.h-poo-saing, -seenn, smf. 
little deformed man or woman, ugly person. 

Crapule, krah-peul, sf. (vide obs. 4), habitual 
debauch. 

Crapuler, krah-peu-lai, en. 1 r. to lead a de- 
bauched life, debase one's self. 

Crapuleux, -e, krah-peu-luhe, -ze, adj. low, 
mean, vicious, intemperate. 

Craquelin, krack-laing, sm. crisp-pastry, 
biscuit. 

Craquement, krack-rnang, sm. crack, burst. 

Craquer, krah-kai, va. 1 r. to crack, burst; 
fib. 

Craquetement, Jcrah - kayte - mang, sm. 
gnashing. 

Craqueter, krack-tai, vn. 1 r. to crackle; 
gnash. 

Craqueur, -se, krah-kur, -ze, smf. fibber, 
boaster. 

Crasse, krasse, sf. dirt, filth; sordidness ; 
rusticity. 

Crasse, krasse. adj.f. gross ; crass, mean, in- 
excusable ; filthy. 

CRASSEUX, -se, krah-suhe, -ze, adj. filthy; 
stingy. 

Cratere, krah-tayre, sm. bowl, cup ; vol- 
cano. 



CKE 



CHI 



■.ticuler. krah-tckudi'.i, va. \r. to divide 
in squares. 

CraVACHE, knih-vahsh, af. horse-whip. 

Cray ate, krah-vat, sf. cravat, neckcloth. 
IYON, kray-yong. sm. pencil ; sketch, first 
plan. 

Crayoxnee, kray-yo-nai, va. 1 r. to sketch, 
trace, plan. 

Crayonneur, kray-yo-nur, am. designer. 

Ckeance, krai-angase, af. debt ; trust ; credit; 
power. 

Creancier, -e, krai-ang-syai, -re, smf. cred- 
itor. 

Treat, krai-ah, am. rider's assistant. 

CrEatecr, krai-ah-tur, sm. creator, maker, 
God. 

Createuk, -trice, krai-ah-tur, •()•«.«, smfi 
Mid adj. inventor, inventress ; primary, ori- 
ginal, productive. 

Creation, krai-ah-ayong, a/, creation, begin- 
ning. 

Creature, krai-oh-teur, af. creature. 

Crecelle, krai-sefl, af. rattle. 

Crecerelle, kraiaa-reU, af. kestrel, small 
hawk. 

Creche, kreysh, af. manger, crib. 

Credence, krai-danysse, tf. small stand by 
the altar. 

Credibility, krai-de-bede-iai, af. credibility. 

Credit, krai-de, sm. credit ; power ; influ- 
ence. 

A credit, ah-krai-de, ad. exp. vrpon or on 
trust. Dire quelque chose a credit, to speak 
at random. 

Credtter, Jcrai-de-tai, va. 1 r. to enter, set 
down as debtor or creditor. 

Crediteur, krai-de-tur, sm. creditor. 

Credo, krai-do, sm. apostolical creed of faith. 

Credule, krai-deul, adj. credulous, easy. 

Ckedulite, krai-deude-tai, af. credulity (vide 
obs. 4). 

Creer, krai-ai, va. 1 r. to create ; produce ; 
form ; invent. 

Cremaillere, krai-mah-yayrc, af. pot-hang- 
er. 

Cremaillon", krai-mhh-yong, sm. pot-hook. 

Crejie, kreyme, af. cream. 

Creme fouettee, kreyme -foo- ay -iaie, af. 
froth, show. 

Cremer, krey-moi, n, 1 r. to cream, gather 
cream. 

Cremiere, krai-myayre, sf. cream or milk 
woman. 

Creneau, -x, krai-no, -e, sm. battlement, em- 
brasure. 

Crenelage, kraindahje, am. indented rim. 

Ckeneler. krain-lai, va. I r. to indent, notch. 

Crenei.uue, krain-leur, af. indenture. 

Creole, krai-ol, smf. Creole, creolian. 

Crefage, krey-pahje, am. dressing, glossing 
of crape. 

Crepe, kroype, sm. crape ; (fivr.) mourning. 

Crepe, kreype, af. pancake, died cake. 

CrEPER, krey-pui, va. 1 r. to frizzle, curl in 
small curls. 

Crepi, krai-pe, sm. rough-cast; crispness. 

Crepixe, krai-peen, sf. fringe, wrought at the 
top. 

Crepir, krai-peer, va. 2 r. to rough-cast, 
crisp. 

Crepisscre, krai-pe-aeuT, sf. rough-casting. 

Crepitation, krai-pc-tah-syotig, af. small 
crackling noise. 

Ceepox, kray-pong,sm. coarse woollen crape. 



Crepu, -e, kroy-peu, -e, adj. crisp, curled 
naturally (vide obs. 4). 

Crepuscule, krai-peus-kule, sm. twilight. 

' 'uksi'e.vdo, krais-saing-do, am. and ad. grad- 
ual intonation. 

Cresson", kray-aang, am. water-cresses. 

CreSSONNIKRE, kray-xo-nyayre, sf. bed of 
cresses. 

Crests, krai-zeus, sm. very rich man. 

Crete, kreytc, af. crest; tuft ; heap , bank ; 
lop. 

Crete (lever la), luh-vaiduh-kreyte, idi. v. 
1 r. to grow proud. 

Crete (baisser la), bay-sai-lah-kreyte, idi. 
r. 1 r. to be more humble. 

Crete (dosser sun LA), do-nai-seurduh- 
krei/te, idi. v. 1 r. to humble, lower one's 
pride ; be humbled (vide obs. 4). 

Crete, -e, krey-tai, -e, adj. crested, tufted 
with a comb. 

Cretix, krai-taing, sm. idiot; deaf or dumb 
person. 

Ceetinisme, krai-te-neesm, sm. idiocy ; im- 
becility. 

Cretonne, krai-tonn, sf. white linen from 
Normandy. 

CRECSER, kruhc-zai, va. 1 r. to scoop, hollow, 
dig ; dive into. 

Se creuser, &uh-7truhe-zai, vref. to become, 
grow hollow. 

Se creuseiI le cerveau, auh-kruhe-zaiduh- 
sair-vo, idi. v. to rack one's brains. 

Creuset, krvhe-zay, am. crucible. 

Creux, kruhe, sm. hollow, cavity ; depth. 

Creux, -se, kruhe, -ze, adj. hollow, deep ; 
visionary. \ 

Creux, kruhe, ad. deeply, profoundly. 

Creux (songer), aong-hjai-kruhe, idi. v. 1 r. 
to be intent on chimeras. 

Crevasse, kruh-vasee, sf. chink, fissure, gap. 

Crevassek, kruh-vah-sai, va. 1 r. to chap, 
crack, burst. 

Se crevasses, su7i-7cruh-vah-sai, vref. to 
burst, chap. 

CRETE cceur, krayv-kur, sm. heart-breaking. 

Greyer, kruh-vai, va. 1 r. to burst; pierce ; 
cram ; die. Crerer de chaud, to be ex- 
tremely hot ; — de Liens, rich. 

Se CREVER, suhderuh-vai, vref. to burst, kill 
one's self. 

Crevette, kruh-vett, sf. prawn; large shrimp. 

Cri, kre, sm. cry ; shriek ; shout ; outcry ; 
voice. A cor et a cri, with hue and cry. 

Criailler, kre-y'ah-yai, vn. 1 r. to be always 
scolding. 

Criailleeie, kre-yith-yuh-ree, sf. incessant 
scolding. 

Criailleur, -se, kre-yiih-yur, -ze, smf. brawl- 
er, sccld. 

Criaxt, -e, kre-yany, d, adj. glaring, shock- 
ing. 

Criakd, -e, kre-yar, -d, smf. and adj. brawler; 
clamorous, noisy, foul-mouthed. 

Crible, kreeM, sm. sieve, boulter, searce. 

Cribler, kre-blai, va. 1 r. to sift, pierce 
through. 

Cribleur, kredilur, sm. winnower, sifter. 

CRtBLURE, kredile.ur, sf. sifting, winnowing. 

Cribratiox, kre-brah-syong, sf. separation of 
gross particles. 

Cric, kree, am. lever, engine to lift up weights. 

Cric-CRAc, kree-krack, ad. exp. crick-crack. 

Criee, kre-yaie, sf. public proclamation of 
the sale of seized goods ; auction. 

137 



CEO 



CEO 



Crier, kre-yai, va. 1 r. to proclaim ; publish ; 

shout. 
Crier, kre-yai, vn. 1 r. to weep, cry, utter 

cries. 
Crier apres or CONTRE, kre-yai-ah-prcy or 

Jcongtr, vn. 1 r. to inveigh, clamor against. 
CRiERiE,7iTee-?-ee,.«/. clamor, outcry, scolding. 
Crieur, -se, kre-yur, -ze, smf. crier ; pedler, 

hawker. 
Crime, kreem, sm. crime ; sin ; offence, great 

fault. 
Crime de leze majeste, krcem-duh-layze- 

mah-hjess-tai, sm. high treason. 
Crimixaliser, kre-me-nah-le-zui, va. 1 r. to 

make criminal. 
Criminalists, kre-me-nah-leest, sm. writer on 

criminal matters. 
Criminel, kre-me-nell, sm. culprit, criminal. 
Chimin el, -le, kre-me-nel, -I, adj. criminal, 

guilty. 
Criminellement, kre-me-nell -mang, ad. 

criminally. 
Crin, Itraing, sm. horse-hair, (iron.) hair. 
Crinier, kre-nyai, sm. horse-hair worker or 

seller. 
Criniere, kee-nyayre, sf. horse, lion's mane ; 

coarse hair. 
Crique, kreek, sf. creek, small bay, cove. 
Criquet, hre-kny, sm. pony ; cricket. 
(/'rise, kreeze, sf. crisis, decisive period. 
Crispation, kreess-pah-syong, sf. shrinking, 

contraction. 
Crispf.r, kreess-pai, .va. 1 r. to crisp ; con- 
tract ; shrink. 
Crisser, kre-sai, vn. 1 r. to gnash, grind the 

teeth. 
Cristal, -taux, kreess-tal, -toe, sm. crystal ; 

limpidness. 
Cristallin, -e, krees-tali-laing, -leenn, adj. 

crystalline. 
Cristallisation, kreess-tah-le-zah-syong, sf. 

crystallization. 
Cristalliser, kreess-tah-lee-zai, va. 1 r. to 

crystallize, congeal. 
Se cristalliser, suh-kreess-tah-le-zai, vref. 

to shoot into crystals. 
Critiquable, kre-te-kabl, adj. censurable. 
Critique, kre-teeck, sm. critic ; censurer ; 

judge. 
Critique, kre-teek, sf. critical examination ; 

censure. 
Critique, kre-teek, adj. critical; accurate; 

captious. 
Critiquer, kre-le-kai, va. 1 r. to criticise ; 

censure. 
Croassement, kro-ass-7nang, sm. croak of a 

frog or raven. 
Croasser, kro-ah-sai, vn. 1 r. to croak, caw, 

grumble. 
Croc, Jero, s7n. hook. 

Croc-en-jambe, krok-ang-hj angle, sm. trip. 
Croche, krosh, sf. quaver. 
Croche, krosh, adj. bent and crooked. 
Crochet, kro-shay, sm. hook ; steel-yard ; 

brace. 
Crochets, kro-shay, snip, fangs, claws. 
CROCHETER,fr/-w.7i-fai, va. 1 r. to pick a lock. 
Crocheteur, krosh-tur, sm. porter, pick- 
lock. 
Crocheteuse, krosh-tuhze,sf. basket-woman. 
Crocheton, krosh-tong, sm. small hook, boot- 
hook. 
Crochu, -e, kro-shcu, -e, adj. crooked, bent, 

hooked (vide obs. 4). 
13S 



Crocodile, kro-ko-deel, sm. crocodile ; de- 
ceiver. 

Crocodile (larmes de), larme-duh-kro-ko- 
deel, sfp. deceitful tears. 

Crocus, kro-keusse, sm. crocus, saffron. 

Croire, kroo-ahre, va. n. 4 irr. to believe, be 
persuaded. 

Ckoire a, kmo-ahre-ah, vn. 4 irr. to believe 
in, give faith to. 

Se croire, suh-kroo-ahre, vref. 4 irr. to look 
upon one's self; think one's self. 

Croire a. (faire), faire-kroo-ahre-ah, comp. 
v. 4 irr. to make one believe. 

Crois, kroo-ah, pres. ind. of croire, believe. 

Crois, kroo-ah, pres. ind. of cro'itre, grow. 

Croisade, kroo-ah-zad, sf. crusade, holy war. 

Croise, kroo-ah-zai, sm. crusader ; step. 

Croise, -e, kroo-ah-zai, -e, adj. cross, akim- 
bo ; altera. 

Croisee. kroo-ah-zaie, sf. window, casement. 

Croisement, kroo-ahze-mang, sm. intersec- 
tion. 

Croiser, kroo-ah-zai, va. 1 r. to cross ; 
thwart ; cruise. 

Se croiser, suh-kroo-ah-zai, vref. to sit cross- 
legs ; cross, intersect, oppose one another. 

Croiserie, kroo-ahzc-ree, sf. wicker-work. 

Croiseur, kroo-ah-zur, sm. cruiser ; pirate. 

Croisiere, kroo-ah-zyayre, sf. cruise, roving 
course. 

Croissance, kroo-ah-sangsse, sf. growth ; 
increase. 

Croissant, Jcroo-ahsartg, sm. crescent of the 
moon. 

Croissant, -e, kroo-ah-sang, -t, adj. growing, 
increasing. 

Croissant, kroo-ah-sang, pres. part, of eroi- 
tre, growing. 

Croiscre, kroo-ah-zeur, sf. cross texture. 

Croit, kroo-ah, sin. increase; production. 

Uroitre, kroo-ahtr, vn. 4 irr. to increase, 
grow, wax. 

Croix, kroo-ah, sf. cross ; trouble ; affliction. 

Croquant, kro-kang, sm. pitiful wretch. 

Croqua nt, -e, kro-kang, -t, adj. crisp, crack- 
ling, brittle. 

Croquk au sel(a la), ah-lah-krok-o-sell , ad. 
exp. with plain salt, in a plain way, all in 
the rough. 

Croque-notes, krok-not, sm. bad musician, 
player. 

Croquer, kro-kai, va. 1 r. to scranch ; de- 
vote ; slur over ; squander ; steal ; pilfer. 

Croquet, kro-kay, sm. spice-cake. 

Croqueur, krokur, on. swindler ; glutton. 

Croquignole, kro-keeng-yol, sf. fillip on the 
face. 

Croquis, kro-kee, sm. rough draught, sketch. 

Crosse, Jcrosse, sf. crosier, bishop's staff; 
but-end ; bat. 

Crosse, -e, kro-sai, -e, adj. dignified with a 
crosier. 

Grosser, kro-sai, va. 1 r. to strike with a bat 
spurn. 

Crosseur, kro-sur, sm. cricket-player ; scof- 
fer. 

Cuotte, krol, sf. dirt ; filth ; dung of animals. 

Ckotter, kro-tai, va. 1 r. to dirt, splash with 
dirt. 

Se CROTTER, suh-kro-tai, vref. to dirty ; dis- 
grace one's self. 

Crottin, kro-taing, sm. horse-dung, <tc. 

Croulant, -e, kroo-lang, -t, adj. crumbling, 
ruinous. 



: 



CRU 



CUI 



Oroulemen't, kroole-many, sin. downfall ; 
ruin. 

Cr.iui.er, kroo-lai, va. 1 r. to sink, overset, 
full down. 

Croui.ier, -e, Icroodyai, -re, adj. soft sandy 
ground. 

Croup, kroop, sm. croup, children's disease. 

Croupadk, kroo-pad,sf. croupade, high leap. 

CROUPE, kroop,^f. croup; .summit; interest. 

Ex croupe, ang-kroop. ad. exp. behind. 
Eire en croupe, to ride behind another. 

C'ROUPETOXS (a), aJikroop-longhe, <adi. cxp. 
squat down. 

Croupier, kroo-pyat, sm. partner, associate, 
assistant. 

Croupiere, kroo-pyayre, sf. crupper. 

Croupieres (tailler des), tah-yai-dey- 
krno-pyayr>s, idi. v. 1 r. to press, urge, dis- 
tress. 

CROUPIOK, kroopyony, sm. rump. 

Croufir, hroo-peer, on. 2 r. to stagnate; 
wallow. 

Croupissaxt, -E, kroQ-pe-$an<j, -te, adj. 
stagnant. 

Croupissement, Lroo-peese-many, sm. stop- 
page. 

Croustille, Jcroess-le-yuh, sf. small -crust of 
bread. 

Croustiller, kruoss-te-yai, vn. 1 r. to nib- 
hie a crust. 

Croustilleusem ext, kroosx-te-:/ uhze-mang, 
ad. comically, jocosely, with mirth. 

Croustilleux, -Se, krooss-te-ynhe, -ze, adj. 
sharp, comical, jocose; too free. 

Croute, kroote, 4f- crust; scab; bad paint- 
ing. 

Croutelette, krcote-lett, sf. small crust. 

Croutier, krooe-tyai, sm. seller or painter 
of bad pictures. 

Crouton, krooe-tony, sm. crusty hit of bread. 

Croyable, kroo-aJi-yubl, adj. credible, be- 
lievable. 

Croyaxce, kroo-ah-yanysse, sf. faith, be- 
lief 

Croyant, -e, kroo-ah-yany, -te, smf. believ- 
er, Christian. 

CeOYAKT, kroo-aJi-yany, pres. part, of croirc, 
believing:. 

Cru, kreu, sm. one 1 s own land or farm ; 
one's own head or invention. 

A cru, ah-kreii, on the bare skin. 

Cru, -e, kre.u, -e, adj. raw, green; rough. 

Cru, kreu, p. part of croire, believed. 

Cru, kreue, ~p. part ofcroltre, grown. 

CRUS, kreu, pret. def of croire, believed. 

Crus, kreue, pret. def. of croltre, grew. 

Cruacte, kreu-o-tai, sf. cruelty, rigor. 

Cruche, kreusji. sf. pitcher.; dolt. 

Cruchee, kreu-shaie, sf. contents of a pitcher. 

CruchOX, kreu-shony, sm. small pitcher. 

Cruciale, kreu-syal, adj.f. crucial. 

Crucifere, kreu-se-fayre, adj. cruciferous. 

Crucifiemext, kreu-se-fee-muny, sm. cruci- 
fixion, nailing to a cross <vide obs. 4). 

Crucifier, kreu-se-fyai, va. 1 r. to crucify. 

Crucifix, kreu-se-fee, sm. crucifix. 

Crudite, kreu-de-tai, sf. crudity; indiges- 
tion (vide obs. 4). 

Crce, kreue, sf. growth, increase. 

Cruel, -i.e, kreu-tl, adj. cruel, inhuman. 

CRUr.i.i.r.MHNT, kren-dl-many, ad. cruelly. 

Crumext, Ian " -mang, ad. harshly ; bluntly. 

Crural, -e, kreu-ral, -I, adj. crural, of the 

\leg (vide obs. 4). 



Crust ace, -i:, kreuss-tah-sai, -e, adj. crusta- 
ceous (vide obs. 4). 

Cruzade, kreu-zad, sf. cruzado, coin with a 
cross (vide obs. 4). 

Crypte, kreept, sf. catacombs, burying- 
vault 

Cube, kube, sm. cube, solid body with six 
squares, 

Cubique, ku-beek, adj. cubical, multiplicable 
by four. 

Cubital, ku-be-tal, sm. leaning-place. 

Cubital, -e, ku-be-tal, adj. cubital, of the 
elliow. 

Cucureitaix, ku-kure-be-tainy, sm. flat 
worm. 

Cucurbite, ku-kure-beet, sf. cucurbite, body. 

Cueillage, kuh-yaltje, sm. gathering, 

Cueillant, ktih-yany, pres. part, of cueillir, 
gathering. 

Cueille, kuh-puh, pres. ind. and subj. of 
•cueillir, gather; may gather. 

Cueillerai, kuh-yuh-rai, fat. of cueillir, 
will gather. 

Cueillerais, kuh-yuh-ray, condit. of cueillir, 
would gather. 

Cueillette, kuh-yelt, sf. harvest ; collec- 
tion. 

Cueilleur, -se, kuh-yur, -yuhze, smf. gather- 
er, collector. 

Cueillir, kuJi-yeer, va. 2 irr. to gather, 
pick up. 

Cueilloir, kuh-yoo-ar, sm. fruit-basket. 

Cuiller, ku-e-yair, sf. spoon. 

Cuiller a pot, ku-e-yair -uh-po, sf. ladle. 

Cuilleree, ku-e-yuh-rai, sf spoonful. 

Cuilleron, ku-eyuli-rony, sm. bowl of the 
spoon. 

Cuir, kueer, sm. leather; skin; hide. 

Cuir et chair (rire ENTRE), reer-angtr- 
kueer-ai-shair, idi. v. 4 irr. to laugh in 
one's sleeve. 

Cuirs (faire des), faire-dey-kueere, idi. v. 
4 irr. to speak barbarously, like a cock- 
ney. 

Cuirasse, ku-e-rass, sf. cuirass, breastplate. 

Cuirasse, -e, ku-e-rah-sai, -e, adj. fully pre- 
pared. 

Cuirassier, ku-e-rah-syai, sm. cuirassier. 

Cuire, ku-eer, va. 4 irr. to cook, dress vict- 
uals; digest; smart; repent 

Cuis, ku-ee, pres. ind. of cuire, cook. 

Cuisaxt, ku-e-zany, pres. part, of cuire, ba- 
king. 

Cuisaxt, -e, ku-e-zany, -te, adj. acute, 
sharp. 

Cuisine, ku-e-zeen, sf. kitchen, cookery. 

Cuisixer, ku-e-ze-nai, vn. 1 r. (fam.) to cook, 
dress victuals. 

Cuisin'ier, ku-e-ze-nyai, sm. man-cook. 

Cuisiniere, ku-e-ze-nyayre, sf. woman-cook. 

Cuisis, ku-e-zee, pret def. of cuire, cooked, 
baked. 

Cuissart, ku-e-sar, sm. cuish, armor for the 
thigh. 

Cuisse, ku-eess, sf. thigh; leg of a fowl. 

Cuissox, ku-e-sony, sf. cooking, dressing; 
smart. 

Cuissot, ku-e-so, sm. haunch of venison. 

Cuistre, ku-eestr, sm. servitor; pedant, ig- 
noramus. 

Cuit, -e, ku-e, -eel, adj and p. part, at cuire, 
done, dressed, roasted, baked, boiled, 
broiled, &c. 

Ccite, ku-cet, sf. batch, baking at <eie time. 

139 



CUR 



CZA 



Cuite des briques, ku-eet-dcy-breek, sf. 
burning of brick's. 

Cuivre, ku-eevr, sm. copper, a metal. 

Cuivre jaune, ku-eevr-fijone, sm. brass. 

Cuivre, -E, ka-e-vrai, -e, adj. covered with 
copper. 

Cuivrer, ku-e-vrai, va. 1 r. to lay on copper 
leaf. 

Cuivreux, -SE, kue-vruhe, -ze, adj. coppery, 
of copper. 

Cul, ku, sm. bottom, behind. 

Colasse, ku-lasse, sf. breech of a gun, &c. 

Cul-blanc, ku-blang, sm. white tail. 

Culbute, kidebeut, sf. summerset, tumble 
heels over head ; overthrow, ruin. 

Culbote (faire la), faire-lah-kule-beut, idi. 
v. 4 irr. to be ruined, undone. 

Culbdter, kule-beu-lai, va. 1 r. to overset, 
throw down ; undo, ruin, destroy. 

Culbdter, kule-beu-taf, vn. 1 r. to tumble ; 
be ruined (vide obs. 4). 

Cul de basse fosse, ku-dbass-fosse, sm. 
dungeon. 

Cul de jatte, Tcu-djatt, sm. cripple who 
slides along on a wooden frame. 

Cul de lampe, ku-dlangpe, sin. tail-piece. 

Cul de plomb, ku-dplong, sm. heavy, dull 
man ; sedentary, laborious man. 

Cul de poule, ku-dpooll, sm. pouting of the 
lips. 

Cul de sac, ku-dsack, sm. blind alley. 

Culee, kti-Jaie, sf. butment of a bridge. 

Culiere, ku-lyayre, sf. crupper-strap. 

Culminant, -e, kule-me-nang, -te, adj. ver- 
tical. 

Culmination, kule-me-nah-syong, sf. cul- 
mination, transit of a planet through the 
meridian. 

Culminer, kuTe-me-nai, vn. 1 r. to be verti- 
cal. 

Culot, ku-lo, sm. nestling, youngest child ; 
last member ; bottom of a lamp, &c. 

Culotte, ku-lott, sf. small clothes. 

Culotte de bceuf, ku-lott-duh-buff, sf. rump 
of beef. 

Culotte de pigeon, ku-lolt-duh-pe-hjong, sf. 
back part of a pigeon. 

Culotte (porter la), por-tai-lah-ku-lolt, 
idi. v. 1 r. to rule the roast. 

Culotin, ku-lo-taing, sm. boy just put into 
breeches. 

Culte, keult, sm. worship, adoration. 

Cultivable, kide-te-vabl, adj. arable, tilla- 
ble. 

Cultivateur, kule-te-vah-tur, sm. husband- 
man, tiller. 

Cultiver, kule-te-vai, va. 1 r. to cultivate ; 
till. 

Culture, kute-teur, sf. culture ; tillage. 

Cumin, ku-maing, sm. cumin, a plant. 

Cumulatif, -ye, ku-meu-lah-teeff, -v, adj. 
cumulative (vide obs. 4). 

Cumulativement, ku - meu - lah-teev - mang, 
ad. collectively, in a heap (vide obs. 4). 

Cumuler, ku-meu-lai, va. 1 r. to heap to- 
gether (vide obs. 4). 

Cupidite, ku-pe-de-tai, sf. cupidity, longing. 

Cupidon, ku-pe-dong, sm. love ; (fig.) beau- 
tiful child. 

Curabilite, ku-rah-be-le-tai, sf. curableness. 

Curable, ku-rabl, adj. curable ; remediable. 

Curage, ku-rahje, sm. cleaning, expense of 
cleaning. 

Curatelle, ku-rah-tell, sf. guardianship. 
140 



Cukateur, ku-rah-iur, sm. curator, trustee. 

Curatif, -ye, ku-rah-tet-jf, -i\ adj. curative, 
healing. 

Cure, kure, sf. living ; parsonage-house ; 
cure. 

Cure, ku-rai, sm. parson, rector, incumbent. 

Cure-dent, kure-dang, em. toothpick. 

Curee, ku-raie, sf. entrails given to- the 
bounds. 

Cure-oreille, kure -o -rah -yuh, sm. ear- 
picker. 

Curer, ku-rai, va. 1 r. to clean ; pick. 

Cureur, Jeu-rur, sm. nightman; purger. 

Curial, -e, ku-ryal, -I, adj. rectorial, of n 
parson. 

Curie, kic-ree, sf. subdivision of a district, 
ward. 

Curieusement, ku-ryuhze-mang, ad. curi- 
ously. 

Curieux, -se, ku-ryuhe, -ze, adj. curious, in- 
quisitive. 

Curieux, -se, ku-ryuhe, -ze r smf. virtuoso, 
antiquary. 

Curion, ku-re-yong, sm. priest of a subdivi- 
sion. 

Curiosite, ku-ryo-ze-tai, sf. curiositj% rarity, 

Curiosites, ku-ryo-ze-taie, sfp. antiques, 
relics. 

Curoir, kv-roo-ar, sm. plough rubber or 
cleaner ; rubber. 

Curule (Chaire), shayre-ku-reule, sf. digni- 
ty of a magistrate, magistracy. 

Curures, ku-rewe, sfp. emptyings, clear- 
ings of ponds, rivers, wells, Ac. 

Curviligne, kure-ve-ling-yuh, adj. curvili- 
near. 

Curvite, kure-ve-tai, sf. curvity, crooked- 
ness. 

Custode, ku-stod, sf. pix-cover, holster-cap. 

Custode, ku-stod, sm. warden ; guardian. 

Cutane, -e, ku-tah-nai, -e, adj. cutaneous. 

Cuticule, ku-te-kule, sf. cuticle, epidermis. 

Cuve, kuve, sf. vat, large brewing- vessel. 

Cuveau, -x, kuvo, -e, sm. small vat or tub. 

Cuvee, ku-vaie, sf. contents of a vat, brew- 
ing. 

Cuver, ku-vai, va. 1 r. to brew, make 
liquors. 

Cuver son vin, ku-vai-song-vaing, idi. v. to 
sleep one's self sober, cool, relent. 

Cover, ku-vai, vn. 1 r. to work, ferment. 

Cuvette, ku-vett, sf. wash-hand-basin. 

Cuvier, 7ai-vyai, sm. large washing-tub. 

Cycle, seekl, sm. cycle, periodical revolu- 
tion. 

Cycle solaire, seekl-so-layre, sm. 28 solar 
years. 

Cycle lunaire, seekl-Ieu-nayre, sm. 19 lu- 
nar years, golden number (vide obs. 4). 

Cygne, seeng-yuh, sm. swan ; great poet. 

CyGne (chant du), shang-deu-seeng-yuh, idi. 
exp. last work of a great poet. 

Cylindre, sedaingdr, sm. cylinder, roller. 

Cylindrer, sc-laing-drai, va. 1 r. to calen- 
der. 

Cylindrique, se-laing-dreek, adj. cylindrical. 

Cymbale, saing-bal, sf. cymbal. 

Cynique, se-neek, adj. cynical ; satirical. 

Cynique, se-neek, sm, cynic, snarler, man- 
hater. 

Cynisme, se-neessm, sm. surliness, impu- 
dence. 

Cypres, se-prey, sm. cypress-tree ; death. 

Czar, kzai\ sm. czar, emperor of Russia. 






DAE 



DEB 



ne, kaah-reen, sf. czarina, empress 
Russia. 
Czakowits, kzah-ro-ve^ts, sm. czar's eldest 
son. 



D. 



D' abort), dah-bor, ad. first, nt first. 

Dactyls, dack-teel, sm. dactyle. 

Da da, dah-dah, sm. child's wooden horse. 

Dadais, dah-dey, sm. simpleton, booby. 

DaGUE, dag. sf. dag, dagger, poniard. 

D agues, duh-gue, sfp. first horns of a stag. 

Daguerreotype, dah-ghoi-rai-u-teep, sm. 
daguerreotype. 

Daigxek. dah-ing-yai, vn. 1 r. to deign. 

Daim, daing, sm. deer, buck. 

Dains, dainn, sf. doe, female deer. 

Dais, dcy, sm. canopy ; tester. 

Dalle, dai, sf. whetstone; gutter ; basin. 

Dai.matiuue. dal-mah-teek, sf. tunic. 

Dam, dartf, »/«. cost; damnation. 

Damas, dah-mah, sm. damask; damson. 

Damasquixek, duh-mase-ke-nati, m. 1 r. to 
insert gold or silver into steel, iron, &c. 

Damasquixuke, dah-masx-ke-neur, sf. inser- 
tion of metals (vide obs. 4). 

Da.MASSE, -e, dah-mah-sai, -e, sm. and adj. 
damasked stuff ; flowery, variegated. 

Daiiasser, dah-mah-sai, va. 1 r. to damask. 

Damassure. dah-mah-seur, damasking. 

Dame, dam, sf. lady ; queen at cards ; king 
at draughts. 

Dame, dam, inL indeed ! forsooth ! 

Dame jeaxxe, dam-hjahn, sf. big stone bot- 
tle. 

D.uier, dah - mat, va. 1 r. to crown at 
draughts. 

Damek le pio>", dah-mahdpyong, idi. v. to 
outdo. 

Dameuet, dam-ray, sm. lady's man, spark. 

Damier, dah-myai, sm. draught-board. 

Damnable, dah-nabL adj. damnable. 

Damxablemext, dah - tiak -bluh- man rj, ad. 
damnably. 

Damxatio.v, dali-nah-syong, sf. damnation. 

Damxer, dah-nai, va. 1 r. to damn. 

Damoiseac, -x, dah • moo - uh - zo, -e, sm. 
young spark. 

Damoiselle, dah-moo-ah-zell, sf. damsel. 

Daxdix, dang -daing, sm. ninny. 

Daxdixemext, dang-deennjiuuuj, sm. fool- 
ish talk. 

Daxdix er, dang-de-nai, vn, 1 r. to speak 
foolishly. 

Se daxdixer, suh-dang-de-nai, vref. to see- 
saw. 

Da.vger, dang-hjai, sm. danger, risk, peril. 

Daxgkuei'sement, danghje - ruhze-mang, 
ad. dangerously. 

Dangereux, -se, danghje-ruhe, -ze, adj. 
dangerous. 

Daxs, dang, pre}}, in, into ; with, within. 

Daxse, dangsse, sf. dance. 

Dansek, dang-sai, va. and n. 1 r. to dance. 

Daxsedr, -se, dang-sur, -suhze, smf. dan- 
cer. 

Daud, dar, sm. dart. 

Dakder, dar-dai, va. 1 r. to dart ; fling. 

Dakof.uk, dar-dwr, sm. Singer. 

Dariole, dah-ryol, sf. custard. 

Darxe, darxni, sf. slice of fish. 



D.YKSE, dnrssr, sf. wet- luck. 

Dartre, dartr, sf. ringworm, tetter. 

Data ike, dah-tayre, sm. chancellor of the 

pope. 
Date, dat, sf. date, epoch, day of the month 

or year. 
Dater, dah-lai, va. 1 r. to date, note the 

time. 
DaTEK DE LOIX, dah-tai-duh-'oo-ui ..■;, i<li. v. 

to be old. 
Datekie, dat-rec, sf. the pope's chancellor's 

office. 
Datif, dah-leeff, sm. dative. 
Datte, dot, sf. date, fruit of the palm-tree. 
Dattiek, dah-tyai, sm. date-tree. 
Daubs, dobe, sf. ragout of fowls, tfcr. 
Dauber, doe-bai, va. 1 r. to stew meat; 

drub ; belie. 
Daubeub, do'-lntr, sm. slanderer, scoffer. 
Daupiiix, do-faing, an. doiphiu ; dauphin, 

eldest son of the king of France. 
Dauphixe, do-feen, sf. dauphiness. 
D'autaxt, do tang, ad. much, too much. 
D'autaxt mieux, do-tang-myuhe. ad. the 

better. 
D'autaxt plus, do-tang-pleu (vide obs. 4), 

ad. the more, so much the more. 
D'autaxt moixs, do-lang-moo-aing , ad. the 

less ; so much the less. 
D'autaxt que. do-tang-kuhe, conj. whereas. 
Davaxtage, dah-iang-tahje, ad. move. 
Davler, dah-vyai, sm. tooth-pincers. 
De, duh, prep, of, from, with, by, some. &c. 
De la SORTE, dlah-sortt, ad. exp. so, thus. 
De plus, duhpleu, ad. r.vp. moreover. 
De par, dnh-par, prep, by order, in th< 

name ot 
De ce que, dnss-Tiuh, conj. because, that. 
De, dai, sm. die (to play with), thimble. 

Tenir toujours le de dans la conversation, 

to engross all the talk to one's self. S 

Hatter le de, plainly, roundly. 
Debaclage, dai-bah-ldalije, sm. removal of 

ships or of any other obstruction. 
Debacle, dai-b'ah-kluh, sf. sudden rush of 

broken ice. 
Debaclemext, dai- bah - Huh - mang, sm. 

clearing of the port ; breaking of the ice. 
Debacler, dai-bdh-klai, va. 1 r. to clear th 

port. 
Debacler, dai-bah-klai, vn. 1 r. to break 

and float in large pieces of ice ; move. 
Debacleue, dai-bdh-kha; sm. water-bailiff. 
Deballage, dai-bah-lahje, sm. unpacking. 
Deballer, dai-bahdai, va. 1 r. to unpack ; 

unload. 
Debaxdade (a la), ah-lah-dai-bang dad, ad. 

exp. helter-skelter, in confusion. 
Debaxdemext, dai-bangde-mang. sm. break- 
ing up. 
Debaxder, dai-bang-dai, va. 1 r. to unbend ; 

unbind. 
Se debaxder, suh-dai-hang -dai. vref. to ri:;i 

away ; disperse ; slacken ; relax. 
Debaxquer, dai-bang-kai, va. 1 r. to win 

the bank. 
Debaptiser, dai-bah-tee-zai, va. 1 r. to call 

by another name. 
Se "debaptiser. suh-dai-bah-tee-zai. vref. to 

apostatize ; change one's name. 
Debabboutller, dat-bar-boo-f/ai, ea.1 r. to 

clean, wash the face, 4c. 
Debakcadere, dai-bai-kah dair. sm. un- 
lading place. 

141 



DEB 



DEC 



Debardage, dai-bar-dahje, em. removal of 
timber. 

Deuarder, dai -bar -dai. ra. 1 r. to take 
timber out of a river, vessel, or wood. 

Debakquement, dai-bark-mana, sm. land- 
ing. 

Debarquek, dai-bar-kai, va. n. 1 r. to land ; 
unlade. 

Debarrasser, dai-bah rah-sai r va. 1 r. to re- 
move, clear. 

Se DEBARRASSER, suh-dai-bah-rah-sai, vref. 
tc get rid. 

Debareer, dai-baJi-rai, va. 1 r. to unbar. 

Debat, dai-bah, sm. debate ; contest, strife. 

Debater, dai-bah-tai, va. 1 /-. to take off ibe 
pannel or pack-saddle. 

Debats, dai-bah, pres. ind- of dcbattre, de- 
bate. 

Debattre, dai-bntlr, va. 4 irr. to debate. 

Se debattre, suh-dai-lallr, vref. to struggle. 

Debauche, dai-boesh, sf. debauch. 

Debauche. dai-bo-shai, sm. debauchee. 

Debauchee, dai-bo-shaie, sf. prostitute. 

Debaccher, dai-bo-shai r va. 1 r. to debauch; 
bribe ; entice away. 

Se debaccher, suh- dai-bo-shai, vref. to 
launch into vice, become wicked, idle. 

Debet, dai-btt. sin. remainder of an account. 

Debiffe, -E, dai-be-fai, -e, adj. weak, dis- 
ordered. 

Debile. dai -beef, adj. debile, feeble, languid. 

Debilement, dai-beel-maruj, ad. feebly. 

Debilitation, dai-be-le-tah-syong , sf. weak- 
ening. 

Debilite, dai-hele-tai, sf. faintness. 

Debiuter, dai-be-le-tai, va. 1 r. to debilitate, 
enfeeble, make faint. 

Debit, dai-be, sm. sale ; retail ; oratory. 

Debiter, dui-bstai, va. 1 r. to retail, sell ; 
spread. 

Debiter ex gros, dai-be-lai-ang-groe, v. to 
sell by the wholesale. 

Debiter en detail, dai-be-lai-ang-dai-tah- 
yuh, v. to retail. 

Debiteur, -se, dai-be-tur, -tuhze, smf. news- 
monger. 

Debiteur, -trice, dai-be-tur, -treats, smf. 
debtor. 

Deelai, dai-blay, sm. clearing ; riddance. 

Deblayer, dai-blay-yai, v. to clear, disen- 
cumber. 

Deboire, dai-boo-ar, sin. aftertaste ; grief 

Deboitement, dai-boo-ahte-mairj , sm. dislo- 
cation. 

Deboiter, dai-boo-ah-tai, va. I r. to dislo- 
cate ; disjoin. 

Df.bonder, dai-bong-dai, va. lr. to open the 
bung or sluice, rush, break out. 

Deeondonner, dai-bong-do-nai, va. 1 r. to 

unhung. 
Debonnaire, dai-bo-nayre, adj. gentle, easy. 
Debonnairement, dai-bo-nayre-mang, ad. 

kindly. 
Debord, dai-bar, sm. overflow ; pavement. 
Deborde, -e, dai bor<lai, -e,adj. overflowed; 

dissolute. 
Debordement, dai-bord-mang, sm. overflow- 
ing ; dissoluteness, profligacy. 
Deborder, dai-bor-dai, va. 1 r. to overflow ; 

jut out. 
Debotter, dai-bo-tai, va. 1 7-. to pull off the 

boots. 
Se debotter, suh-dai-bo-tai, vref. to pull off 
one's boots. 
142 



Debouche, dai-hoo-shai, sin. mart ; mouth ; 

means. 
DEBOUCHEMENT, dai-boosIt-,rtany, m. cpery- 

ing. 
Deboccher, dai-boo-shai, va. 1 r. to open, 

uncork. 
Deboucler, dai-boor-klai, va. 1 r. to un- 
buckle, uncurl. 
Debouillant, dai-boo-yang, pres. part, of 

debouiUir, extracting colors. 
Debouilli, dai-boo-ye, sm. trial of, extraction 

of colors. 
Debouillir, dai-boo-yeer, va. 2 irr. to dry 

or extract colors. 
DEEOCQUEMENT r (toi-&oo7.:-ma»(/, sm. clearing 

off. 
Debouquer, dai-boo-kai, va. 1 r. to clear off. 
Debodrber, daiboor-bai, va. 1 r. to remove 

the mud. 
Debourrer, dai-boa-rai, va. 1 r. to take off 

wadding; polish; civilize. 
Se debourrer, suh-dai-boo-rai, vref. to grow 

fashionable. 
Debourse, dai-boor-sai, sm. disbursement. 
Debourser, dai-boor-sai, va. 1 r. to lay out 

money. 
Debous. dai-boo, pres. ind. of debouillir. 
Debout, duh-hoo, ad. upright ; standing. 
Debouter, dai-bnn-tai, va. 1 r. to dismiss. 
Deboutonner, dai-boo-io-nai, va. 1 r. to un- 
button. 

Se DEBOUTONNER ATEC SES AMIS. Sllh-dai- 

boo-to-nai-ah-veck-sey-zah-mee, idi. vref. to 
open one's heart to one's friends. 

Debrailler (se), suh-dai-brah-yai, vref. 1 r. 
to uncover one's breast, expose one's bosom. 

Debeedouiller, dai-bruh-doo-yai, va. n. 1 /•. 
to win the lurch. 

Debrsder, dai-bre-dai, va. 1 r. to unbridle ; 
loosen. 

Debrider (sans), sang-dai-bre-dai, ad. exp. 
without interruption, all at once. 

Debris, dai-bree, sm. wreck ; rubbish ; re- 
mains. 

Debrouillement, dai-broo-Tfuh-mang, sm. 
anravelling, clearing, deciphering. 

Debrouiller, dai-broo-yai, va. 1 r. to un- 
ravel, elucidate. 

Debrutir, dai-breu-teer,va. 2 r. to polish, 
thin ; smooth (vide obs. 4). 

Debucher, dai-beu-shai, va. n. 1 r. to start 
out (vide obs. 4). 

Debusqcement, dai-beusk-mang, sm. driving 
out (vide obs. 4). 

Debusquer, dai-beiis-kai , va. 1 r. to drive 
out ; deprive ; turn out, supplant. 

Debut, dai-beu, sm. lead ; first step ; first ap- 
pearance ; beginning (vide obs. 4). 

Debutant, -e, dai-beu-taug, -t, smf. begin- 
ner (vide obs. 4). 

Debuter, dai-beitrtai, va. n. 1 ?-. to begin ; 
lead ; turn out (vide obs. 4). 

Deca DE, duh-sahdith, prep, on this side. 

Deqa de (au, en, par), o, any, par-duh-sah- 
duli, prep, on this side. 

DeCACHETER, dai-kash tat, ra. 1 r. to unseal. 

Decade, dai-kad, sf decade ; in ten. 

Decadence, dai-Jcah-dangsse, sf. decay, fall. 

Decagone, dai-kah-gon, sm. decagon. 

Decaisser, dai-kap-sai, va. lr. to uncase. 

Decalogue, dai-kah-log, sm. ten command- 
ments. 

Decameron, dai - kah-mai - rong, sm. mem- 
oirs of ten days : occurrences. 



DEC 



DEC 



Decampement, dai-kangpe-mang, sm. de- 
campment. 

Decampek, dai - kang - paL, vn. 1 r. to de- 
camp. 

Decanat, dai-kah-nah, ,<tm. deanship. 

Decantation, dai-kang-tafi-syong, sf. de- 
canting. 

Decanter, dai-kang-tai, va. 1 r. to decant. 

Decaper, dai-kah-pai, va. 1 r. to free from 
verdigris or rust. 

Decapitation, dai-kah-pe-tak-syong, sf. be- 
heading-. 

Decapiter, dai- kali -pe-tui, va. 1 r. to be- 
head. 

Decaurelek, dai-har-lai, va. 1 r. to unpave. 

Decasyllabe, dai-kah-se-lab, adj. of ten 
syllables. 

DeCatir, dai-kah-tecr, va, 2 r. to take off the 
gloss. 

Deceder, dai-sai-da>, v)i. 1 r. to die. 

Decelement, dai-sail-mang, em. discovery. 

Deceler, dai-suh-lai, va. 1 r. to discover, 
disclose. 

Decembre, dai-sanjhr, sm. December. 

Decemment, dai-eah-mang, ad. decently. 

Decemvir, dai-sem-veer , sm. decemvir, one 
of the ten magistrates of ancient Rome. 

Decemvieat, dai-sem-ve-rali, sm. decenivi- 
rate. 

Decence, dai-sangsse, sf. decency. 

Decennal, -e, dai-sen-naL, d, adj. decen- 
nial. 

Decent, -e, dai-sang, -t, 'adj. decent, be- 
coming. 

Deception, dai-sep-syong, sf. deceit, fraud. 

Decerner, dai-sair-nai, va. 1 r. to award. 

Deces, daisey, sm. decease, death. 

Decevant, -e, dai-suh-vang, -t, udj. deceitful. 

Decevoir, dai-suh-voo-ar, va. 3 r. to de- 
ceive. 

Dechainement, dai-sheyne-mang, em. in- 
vective. 

Dechainer, dai - shey - nai, va. 1 r. to un- 
chain ; spur on, excite. 

Se dechainer, suh-dui-shey-nai, vref. to 
break loose, rail, inveigh against. 

Decharge, dai-sliarhje, sf. discharge ; ac- 
quitment. La sentinelle fit sa decharge, the 
sentinel fired his piece. 

Dechargement, dai-sharhje-mang, sm. un- 
loading. 

Decharger, dai-shar-hjai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
charge ; unload. 

Se decharger, suh-dai-sliar-hjai, vref. to 
run into ; unload one's self; clear up. 

Decbargecr, dai-shar-hjur, sm. wharfinger. 

Decharmer, dai-shar-mai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
enchant. 

Decharne, -e, dai-sliar-nai, -e, adj. ema- 
ciated. 

Decharne (style), steel-dai-shar-nai, sm. 
dry style. 

Decharner, dai-shar-nai, va. 1 r. to cut off 
the flesh from the bones ; reduce the flesh. 

Dechaussement, dai-shosse-mang, sm. ex- 
cavation round the foot of trees and teeth. 

Dechausser, daishoe-sai, va. 1 r. to air the 
root of trees ; open the gums, bare the legs 
and feet. 

Se dechausser. suh-dai-.ihoc-sai, vref. to 
pull off one's shoes. 

Dechaussoir, dai - shoe - soo ■ ar, sm. tooth 
lancet (vide obs. 6). 

Decheance, dai-shai-angsse, sf. forfeiture. 



Dechet, dai-shay, sm. diminution, waste. 

Deciieveler, dai-shev-lai, va. 1 r. to ruffle 
the hair. 

Dechiffrable, dai-she-frabl, adj. explica- 
ble. 

Dechjffrement, dai-she-fruh-mang, sm. ex- 
planation. 

Dechiffrer, dai-she-frai, va. 1 )-. to de- 
cipher. 

Dechiffreur, dai-she-frur, sm. decipherer. 

Dechiqueter, dai-sheek-tai, va. 1 r. to slice ; 
pink. 

DechiqueteuR, dai-sheek-tur, sm. pinker. 

Dechirage, dai- she-rahje, sm. tearing; 
breaking up of boats, <fec. 

Dechirement, dai-sheer -mang, sm. rupture. 

Dechirement de cozur, dai - sheer - mang 
dkur, sm. heart-breaking. 

Dechirement d'entrailles, dai - sheer - 
many -dang -trah-yuh, sm. violent colic. 

Dechirer, dai-she-rai, va. 1 r. to tear; 
slander. 

Dechirure, dai-she-reur, sf. rent. 

Dechoir, daishoo-ar, vn. 3 irr. to fall off 
(vide obs. <o). 

Dechois (je), to dechois, il dechoit, nous 
dechoyons, vous dechoyez, ils dechoi- 
ent, pres. ind. of dechoir. 

Dechouer, dai-shoo-ai, va. 1 r. to set afloat. 

Dechu, dai-slieu, p. part, of dechoir, for- 
feited. 

Dechus, dai-sheu, pret. def. of dechoir. 

Decide, -e, dai-se-dai, -e, adj. resolute; firm. 

Decider, dai-se-dai, va. 1 r. to decide, fix. 

Se decider, suh-dai-se-dai, vref. to resolve. 

Decimal, -e, dai-se-mal, -I, adj. decimal. 

Decimateur, dai -se- mah - tur, sm. tithes- 
gatherer or assessor. 

Decimation, dai-se-mah-syong, sf. decima- 
tion. 

Decime, dai-seem, sm. tithing ; tenth. 

Decimer, dai-se-mai, va. 1 r. to punish every 
tenth soldier by lot. 

Decirer, dai-se-rai, va. 1 r. to uncere. 

Decisif, -ve, dai-se-zeeff, -ve, adj. decisive. 

Decision, dai-se-zyong, sf. decision. 

Decisivement, dai-se-zeev-mang, ad. de- 
cisively. 

Decisoire, dai-se-zoo-ar, adj. decisory. 

Declamateur, dai-klah-mah-tur, sm. ranter. 

Declamation, daiddah-mah-syong, sf. rant ; 
complaint ; invective. 

Declamatoire, daildah-mah-too-ar, adj. 
declamatory, bombastic, pompous. 

Declamer, dai-klah-mai, va. 1 r. to de- 
claim ; rant. 

Declamer contre, dai-klah-mai-kongtr, vn. 
1 r. to inveigh against, speak ill of. 

Declaratif, -ve, dai-klah-rah-teeff , -v, adj. 
declarative, explanatory. 

Declaration, dai-klah-rah-syong, sf. decla- 
ration ; proclamation ; avowal. 

Declar atoire, dai ■ Mali - rah - too • ar, adj. 
declaratory (vide obs. 6). 

Declarer, dai-klah-rai, va. 1 r. to de- 
clare. 

Se declarer, suh-dai-klah-rai, vref. to ap- 
pear. 

Declencher, dai-klang-shai, va. 1 r. to un- 
latch. 

Declimater, dai-kle-mah-tai, va. 1 r. to in- 
ure to another climate. 

Declin, dai-klaing, sm. decline. 

Declinable, dai-kle-nabl, adj. declinable. 

143 



DEC 



DEC 



Declinaison, dai-kle-nay-zong, «f. declina- 
tion ; declension ; inflection. 

Declinant, -e, dai-kle-nang, -t, adj. decli- 
ning. 

Declinatoire, dai-kle-nah-too-ar, sm. and 
adj. declinator ; declinatory (vide obs. 6). 

Decline r, dai-kle-nai, va. Ir. to decline. 

Declivite, daikle-ve-tai, sf. declivity. 

Decloitre, -e, dai-kloo-ah-trai, -e, adj. un- 
cloistered, set at large. 

Declore, dai-ldor, va. 4 irr. to unclose. 

Declos, -E, dai-ldo, -ze, adj. and p. part, of 
declore, disclosed. 

Declos (je), nous declosons, pres. ind. of 
declore, unclose. 

Declouer, dai-Jdoo-ai, va. 1 r. to unnail. 

Decochement, dai-kosh-mang , sm. sliooting. 

Decocher, dai-ko-shai, va. 1 r. to dart, let 
off, rush. 

Decoction, dai-kock-syong, sf. decoction. 

Decoiffer, dai-Jcoo-ah-fai, r. to uucoif ; un- 
cork ; break the seal ; drink, empty. 

Decollation, dai-ko-lah-syong, sf. behead- 
ing. 

Decollement, dai-kol-mang, sm. uneluing. 

Decoller, dai-ko-lai, va. 1 r. tounglue ; be- 
head. 

Decollete, -e, dai-kol-tai, -e, adj. with bare 
breast. 

Decolleter, dai-kol-tai, va. and n. 1 r. to 
uncover the breast. 

Se decolleter, suh-dai-kol-tai, vref. to ex- 
pose one's breast. 

Decolore, -e, dai-ko-lo-rai, -e, adj. dis- 
colored. 

Decolorer, dai-ko-lo-rai , va. 1 r. to dis- 
color. 

Decombrer, dai-kong-brai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
encumber. 

Decoheres, dai-konghr, smp. rubbish. 

Decomposer, dai-kong-po-sai, va. 1 r. to de- 
compose, analyze. 

Decomposition, dai-kong-po-ze-syong, sf. 
decomposition, analysis. 

Decompte, dai-lcongte, sm. discount. 

Dkcompter, dai-kong-tai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
count. 

DECONCERTER, dai-kong-sair-tai, ra. 1 r. to 
disconcert, put out of countenance. 

Se DECONCERTER, suh-dai-kong-sairtai, vref. 
to be abashed. 

Deconfire, dai-kong-feer, va. 4 irr. to dis- 
comfit. 

Deconfisant, dai-kong-fe-zang, pres. part. 
of deconfire, discomfiting. 

Deconfit, dai-kong-fee, p. part, of deconfire, 
discomfited. 

Dlconfiture, dai-kong-fe-teur, sf. defeat, 
rout. 

Deconforter, dai-kong-for-tai, va. 1 r. to 
discomfort. 

Se deconforter, suh-dai-kong-for-lai, vref. 
to despair. 

Deconseiller, daikong-say-yai, va. 1 r. to 
dissuade. 

Deconsiderer, dai-kong-se-dai-rai, va. 1 r. 
to discredit, disesteem. 

Decontenancer, dai-kongtc-nang-sai, va. 1 
/•. to abash, put out of countenance. 

Se decontenancer, suh-dai-kongte-nang- 
mi, vref. to be confounded, perplexed. 

Deconvence, dai-kongve-neue, sf. misfor- 
tune, mishap (vide obs. 4). 

Decorateur, dai-ko-rah-tur, sm. decorator. 
144 



Decoration, dai-koh-rah-syong, sf. decora- 
tion. 

Decorations, dai - koh - rah - syonghe, sfp. 
scenery. 

Decorder, dai-kor-dai, va. 1 r. to untwine. 

Decorer, daiko-rai, va. 1 r. to adorn. 

Decortication, dai - kor - le - kali - syong, sf. 
stripping of the bark or husk. 

Decorum, dai-ko-rom, sm. decorum. 

Decoucher, dai-koo-shai, va. and n. 1 r. to 
sleep out of one's bed, take out of bed. 

Decoudre, dai-koodr, va. 4 irr. to unstitch. 

Decoudre (en), ang-dai-koodr, vri. 4 irr. to 
come to blows ; act with vigor. 

Decoulement, dai-kooll-mang, sm. drop- 
ping. 

Decouler, dai -koo-lai, vn. 1 r. to drop, 
trickle. 

Decouper, dai-koo-pai, va. 1 r. to carve ; 
cut out. 

Decoupeur, -Se, dai-koo-pur, -puhze, smf. 
pinker. 

Decouple, -e, dai-koo-plai, -e, adj. of a good 
figure. 

Decoupler, dai-koo-plai, va. 1 r. to untie. 

Decoupure, dai-koo-peur , sf. open work. 

Decourageant, -e, dai-koo-rah-hjang, -t, 
adj. disheartening. 

Decocragement, dai-koo-ralije-mang, sm. 
discouragement, faint -heartedness. 

Decourager, dai-koo-rah-hjai, va. 1 r. to 
discourage. 

Se decourager, suh-dai-koo-rah-hjai, vref. 
to despair, lose courage. 

Decours, dai-koore, sm. wane, decrease. 

Decousant, dai-koo-zang, pres. part, of de- 
coudre, ripping. 

Decousis, dai koo-zee, pret. def. of decoudre, 
ripped. 

Decousu, -e, daikoo-zeu, adj. and p. part, 
of decoudre, ripped ; unsewed ; unconnect- 
ed. 

Decousure, dai-koo-zeur, sf. unstitching. 

Decouvert (a), ah-dai-koo-vair, ad. exp. 
openly. 

Decouvert, -e, dai-koo-vair, -t, adj. and p. 
part, of decouvrir, discovered. 

Decouverte, dai-koo-vairle, sf. discovery. 

Decouvrant, dai-koo-rrang, pres. part, of 
decouvrir, discovering. 

Decouyre, dai-koovr, pres. ind. of decou- 
vrir, uncover. 

Decouvrir, dai-koo-vreer, va. 2 irr. to dis- 
cover ; uncover ; perceive ; reveal ; learn. 

Se decouvrir, suh-dai-koo-vreer, vref. to 
pull off one's hat, &c, make one's self 
known. 

Decouvrir le pot aux roses, dai-koo-vreer - 
lut-pot-o-roze, idi. v. to discover or reveal 
the secret. 

Decouvris, daikoo-vree, pret. def. of de- 
couvrir, discovered. 

Decrasser, dai-kruh-sai, va. 1 r. to clean ; 
polish. 

Se decrasser, suli-dai-krah-sai, vref. to ac- 
quire knowledge, rank, &c. 

Decreditement, dai-krai-deet-mang, sm. 
discredit, disgrace, 

Decrediter, dai-krai-de-tai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
credit ; disgrace. 

Se decrediter, suh -dai-krai-de-tai, vref. to 
lose one's credit, vilify one's self. 

Decrepit, -e, dai-krai-pc, -peet, adj. de- 
crepit, worn out with age. 



DED 



DEF 



Decrepitation, dai-krai-pc-tah-syong, sf. 
calcination of salt ; crackling noise. 

Decrepitf.;;, ibii-krai-pe-tai, va. 1 r. to cal- 
cine : crackle. 

Decrepitude, dai-krai-pe-teicd, sf. infirm 
old age, last stage of decay. 

Deceet, dai-kray, am, decree; will. 

Decretale, dui-krai-tul, sf. decree of the 
pope. 

DeCBI, dai-kre, sm. public prohibition ; dis- 
credit ; disgrace. 

Decrier, dai-kre-yai, va. 1 r. to prohibit; 
decry ; discredit, disgrace. 

Decrire, dai-kreer, va. 4 irr. to describe. 

I) EC R is, dai-kree, pres. ind. of decrire, de- 
scribe. 

Decrit, -e, dai-kree, -t, p. part, of decrire, 
described. 

Decrivant, dai-kre-vang, pres. part, of de- 
crire, describing. 

Decrivis, dai-kre-vee, pret. def. of decrire, 
described. 

Decrochejient, dai-kros7i-mang, sm. un- 
hooking. 

Deceocher, dai-kro-ahai, va. 1 r. to unfas- 
ten, unhook, take down. 

Decrois, dai-kroo-ah, pies. ind. of decroltre, 
decrease. 

Decroissant, dai-kroo-ah-sang, pres. part, 
of deeruitre, decreasing. 

Decroissement, dai-kroo-ass-mang, sm. de- 
crease, diminution, sinking (vide obs. 6). 

Decroitre, dai-kroo-iihtr, vn. 4 irr. to de- 
crease (vide obs. 6). 

Decrotter, dai-kro-tai, va. 1 r. to rub off 
the dirt or mud, clean ; brush. 

Decrotteur, dai-kro-tur, sm. shoe-cleaner. 

Decrottoir, dai-kro-too-ar, sm. shoe- 
scraper. 

Decrottoire, dai-kro-too-ahre, sf. shoe- 
brush. 

DecroCter, dai-krooe-tai, va. 1 r. to take 
off the crust. 

DecrO, dai-kreu, p. part, of decroltre, de- 
creased. 

Deckue, dai-kreue, sf. decrease, sinking 
(vide obs. 4). 

Decrcer, dai-kreu-ai, va. 1 r. to prepare 
raw thread, <tc, for dyeing. 

Decrus. dai-kreu, pret. def. of decroitre, de- 
crease- 1. 

Decuple, dai-ku-pl, 'sm. and adj. tenfold; 
ten times greater. 

Decupler, dai-ku-plai, va. 1 r. to increase 
tenfold. 

Decurie, dai-ku-ree, sf. body of ten soldiers. 

Decurion, dai-ku-ryong, sm. chief over ten 
men. 

Dedaigner, dai-day-ing-yai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
dain. 

Dedaigneusemext, dai - day - ing ■ yuhze- 
mang, ad. disdainfully, with scorn. 

Dedaigneux, -se, dai-day-ing yuhe, -ze, adj. 
disdainful, haughty, scornful. 

Dedain, dai-daing, sin. disdain, scorn. 

Dedale, dai <hd. sm. labyrinth ; intricacy. 

Dedakeb, dai-dah-mai, vn. 1 r. to supplant. 

Dedans, duh-dang, srn. inside. 

Dedans, duh-dang, prep, within, in. Mettre 
les voiles dedans, to furl the sails. Mettre 
un cheval dedans, to manage a horse. 

Dedicace, dai-de-kasse, ,«/*. dedication. 

Dedicatoire, dai-dc-kah-loo-ar (vide obs. 
6\ adj. dedicatory. 
(7) 



Dedier a, dai-dyai-ah, va. 1 r. to dedicate ; 
inscribe. 

Dedire, dai-deer, va. 4 irr. to unsay, re- 
tract. 

Se dedire, suh-dai-deer, vref. to disown, 
deny. 

Dedis, dai-dee, pros. Ind. and pret. def. of 
dedire, retract, retracted. 

DEDISANT, dai-de-zaug, pres. part, of dedire, 
retracting. 

Dedit, dai-de, sm. retraction ; forfeit. Avoir 
son dit et dedit, to say and unsay. 

Dedit, dai-dee, p. part, of dedire, retract- 
ed. 

Dedommagement, dai-do-mahje-mang, sm. 
reimbursement ; compensation. 

Dedo.m.mager, dai-domahfijai, va. 1 r. to 
indemnify ; compensate. 

Dedorer, dai-do-rai, va. 1 r. to ungild. 

Dedormir, dai-dor-meer, va. 2 irr. (conju- 
gated like dormir), to take off the chill. 

Dedoubler, dai-doo-blai, va. 1 r. to take off 
the lining ; divide in two. 

Deduction, dai-deuk-syong, sf. deduction, 
consequence (vide obs. 4). 

Deduire, dai-deu-eer, va. 4 irr. to deduce ; 
deduct, subtract (vide obs. 4). 

Dedcis, dai-deu-ec, pres. ind. of deduire, de- 
duct. 

Deddisant, dai-deu-e-zavg, pres. part, of de- 
duire, deducting. 

Deduisis, dai-deu-e-zee, pret. def. of deduire, 
deducted. 

Deduit, -e, dai-deu-ee, -t, p. part, of deduire, 
deducted. 

Deesse, dai-ess, sf. goddess ; beautiful wo- 
man. 

Detacher (se), suh-dai-fah-shai, vref. 1 r. 
to pacify one's self. 

Defaillance, dai-fah-yangsse, sf. fit, swoon. 

Defaillant, -e, dai-fah-yang, -t, adj. faint- 
ing. 

Defaillir, dai-fah-yeer, va. 2 irr. to want ; 
faint. 

Defaire, dai-fayre, va. 4 irr. to undo, de- 
feat. 

Se defaire, suh-dai-fayre, vref. to weaken, 
destroy one's self. Sans se defaire, uncon- 
cerned. 

Se defaire de, suh-dai-fayre-duh, vref. to 
get rid of; leave off; kill; dismiss ; sell ; 
spend. 

Defais, dai-fey, pres. ind. otdSfaire, undo. 

Defaisant, dai-fuh-zang, pres. part, of de- 
faire, undoing. 

Defait, -e, dai-fay, -t, adj. pale, wan, ema- 
ciated. 

Defait, -e, dai-fey, -t, p. part, of defaire, 
undone. 

Defaite, dai-fayte, sf. defeat ; subterfuge. 

Defaites, dai-feyte, 2 pers. pi. pres. ind. of 
defaire, undo, defeat. 

Defalcation, dai-fal-kah-syong,. sf. embez- 
zlement. 

Defalquer, dai-fal-kai, va. I r. to embez- 
zle ; deduct. 

Defaut, dai-foe, sm. defect ; want ; fault. 
Mettre en defaut, to baftie. 

A defaut de, ah -dai -foe -duh,. prep, for 
want of. 

Au defaut de, o-dai-foe-duh, prep, instead 
of. 

Defaveur, dai-fah-vur, sf. disgrace. 

Defavorable, dai-fah-vo-rabl, adj. adverse. 

145 



DEF 



DEG 



Defavorablement, dai -fah - vo - rah-bluh- 
mang, ad. unfavorably, adversely. 

Defectif, -ve, dai-feck-teef, -v, adj. defec- 
tive. 

Defection, daifeck-syong, sf. desertion. 

Defectueusement, daifeck-teu-vlize-mang, 
ad. in a defective manner (vide obs. 4). 

Defectueux, -SB, dai-feck-teu-uhe, -ze, adj. 
imperfect, deficient (vide obs. 4). 

Defectcosite, dai-feck-teuoze-tai, sf. de- 
fectiveness, faultiness (vide obs. 4). 

Defendeur, dai-fnna-dur, sm. defender. 

Defenderesse, dai-fang-dress, sf. defender. 

Defendre, dai-fangdr, va. 4 r. to defend ; 
forbid. 

Se defendre de, suJi-dai-fangdr-duh, vref. 
to forbear ; excuse one's self. Se defendre 
du prix, to beat down the price. 

Defense, dai-fangsse, sf. defence ; prohibi- 
tion. 

Defenseur, dai-fang-sur, sm. defender. 

Defensif, -ve, dai-fang-seef, -v, adj. defen- 
sive. 

Defensive, dai -fang -seev, sf. defensive. 

Defequee, dat-fai-kai, va. 1 r. to clean, 
purge. 

Deferai, dai-frai, fut. of defaire, will undo. 

Deferais, dai-frey, condit. of defaire, would 
defeat, undo. 

Deferant, -e. dai-fai-rang, -t, adj. yielding. 

Deference, dai-fai-rangsse, sf. deference. 

Deferer, dai-fai-rai, va. 1 r. to yield, con- 
fer. 

Deferler, dai-fair-lai, va. 1 r. to unfurl 
the sails. 

Deferrer, dai-fay-rai, va. 1 r. to unshoe ; 
abash. 

Se deferrer, suh-dai-fay-rai, vref. to be 
unshod ; be put out of countenance. 

Defeuillaison, dai-fuh-yay-zong, sf. fall of 
the leaf, autumn. 

Defeuiller, dai-fuh-yai, va, 1 r. to put off 
the leaves. 

Se defeuiller, suh-dai-fuh-yai, vref. to lose 
its leaves. 

Defi, dai~fe, sm. challenge. 

Defiance, daifyangs.se, sf. suspicion. En- 
trer en defiance, to begin to mistrust. 

Defiant, -e, dai-fyang, -t, adj. suspicious. 

Deficit, dai-fe-seet, sm. deficiency. 

Defier, dai-fyai, va. 1 r. to challenge, defy. 

Se defier de, suh-dai-fyai-duh, vref. to mis- 
trust. 

Defigurer, dai-fe-gu-rai, va. 1 r. to disfig- 
ure. 

Defile, dai-fe-lai, sm. defile, narrow pas- 
sage. 

Defiler, dai-fe-lai, vn. 1 r. to file off. 

Defiler, dai-fe-lai, va. 1 r. to unstring, un- 
twist. 

Se defiler, suh dai-fe-lai, vref. to unravel. 

Defini, -e, dai-fe-ne, -e, adj. definite, cer- 
tain. 

Definir, dai-fe-neer, va. 2 r. to define, fix. 

Definiteur, daife-ne-tur , sm. assistant of 
the provincial of a religious order. 

Definitif, -ve, dai-fe-ne-teef, -v. adj. de- 
finitive. 

Definition, dai-fe-nesyong , sf. definition. 

Definitivement, dai-fe-ne-teev-mang, ad. 
definitively, positively, entirely. 

Defis, dai-fee, pret. def. of difaire, defeated. 

Deflagration, dai-jiah-grah-syong, sf. de- 
.flagratiorj. 



Defleurir, dai-jluh-reer, va. and n. 2r. to 
shed or pull the petals or leaves of a flower. 

Deflexion, dai-fiecksyong, sf. deviation. 

Deflorer, dai-jlo-rai, va. 1 r. to deflower. 

Defoncement, dai-fongsse-mang, sm. sta- 
ving. 

Defoncer, dai-fong-sai, va. 1 r. to stave ; 
hollow. 

Defont, dai-fong, 3 pers. pi. pres. ind. of 
defaire, undo, defeat. 

Deformeu, dai-for-mai, va. 1 r. to deform. 

Defrayer, dai-fray-yai, va. 1 r. to defray. 

Defrichement, dai-freesh-mang, sm. break- 
ing up of uncultivated land. 

Defricher, dai-freshai, va. 1 r. to break 
up uncultivated land ; search, sift. 

Defricheur, dai-fre-shur, sm. improver. 

Defriser, dai-fre-zai, va. 1 r. to uncurl. 

Defroncer, dai-frong-sai, va. 1 r. to undo 
the folds. 

Defroque, dai-frok, sf. casual inheritances. 

Defroquer, dai-fro-kai, va. 1 r. to strip (a 
monk of his dress), one of his money. 

Se defroquer, suh-dai-fro-kai, vref. to 
break one's vow. 

Defunt, -e, daifung, -t, adj. deceased. 

Degage, -e, dai-ghah-hjai, -e, adj. free, easy, 
spruce. Chambre degagee, room with a pri- 
vate door. 

Degagement, dai-ghahje-mang, sm. ease, 
lightness. 

Degagement de sa parole, recalling one's 
words. 

Degager, daiqhah-hjai, va. 1 r. to disen- 
gage. 

Degaine, dai-gueyne, sf. awkward gait, man- 
ner. 

T)±GA.iSEn,dai-guey-nai,va. 1 r. to unsheathe. 

Degaineur, dai-guey-nur, sm. filter, bully. 

Deganter, dai-gang tai , va. 1 r. to unglove. 

Se deganter, suh-dai-gangtai, vref. to pull 
off one's glove. 

Degarnir, dai-ghar-neer, va. 2 r. to strip, 
lop off ; unrig. 

Degasconner (se), suh-dai-ghass-ko-nai, 
vref. 1 *-. to lose the Gascon accent. 

Degat, dai-gah, sm. havoc, waste, ruin. 

Degauchir, dai-go-sheer, va. 2r. to straight- 
en ; rough-hew, polish. 

Se degauchir, suh-dai-go-shecr, vref. to ac- 
quire better manners. 

Degadchissement, dai-go-sheesse-mang, sm. 
improvement of manners ; plauing. 

Degel, dai-hjell, sm. thaw. 

Degeler, daihjuh-lai, va. n. 1 r. to melt ; 
thaw. 

Degeneration, dai-hjai-nai-rah-syong, sf. 
degeneracy. 

Degenerer, dai-hjai-nai-rai, vn. 1 r. to de- 
generate. 

Degingande, -e, dai-hjaing-gang-dai,-e, adj. 
waddling, awkward, out of joint. 

Degluer, dai-gleu-ai , va. 1 r. to unglue. 

Deglutition, dai gleu-te-syong , sf. swallow- 
ing (vide obs. 4). 

Degoeiller, dai-go-he-yai, va. 1 r. to vomit. 

Degoiser, dai-goo-ah-zai, vn. 1 r. to chirp ; 
blab. 

Disgorgement, dai-gorhje-mang, sm. over- 
flowing. 

Degorgeoir, daigor-hjon-ar , sm. water-pipe, 
drain, instrument to clear the touch-hole 
(vide obs. 6). 

Degorger, dai-gor-hjai, va. 1 r. to clear, 



DEI 



DEL 



purge; soak. Degorger la pompe, to clear 
the pump. 

Se degorger, suh-dai-gor-hjai, vref. to fall 
into. 

Pegourdi, -E, dai-goor-de, -e, smf. and adj. 
sharp, sprightly person ; wanned, revived. 

Degouiuhr, ilai-goor-deer, va. 2 r. to quick- 
en ; warm ; polish, make more witty. 

Se degocrdir, suh-dai-goor-deer , vref. to get 
rid of one's awkwardness ; have more wit. 

Degocudissemfnt, dai-goor-deess~momg, sm. 
activity ; quickness. 

PegoOt, dai-gooe, sm. disgust ; aversion. 
(kite viande me donne du degoiil, this meat 
goes against iny stomach. 

PegoOt ant, -e, dai-gooc-tang , -t, aJj. dis- 
gusting. 

PegoOte, -e, dai-gooe-tni, -e, smf. and adj. 
over-nice. Faire le degoute, to be nice and 
fastidious. 

PegoOter, dai-gooe-tai. va. 1 r. to disgust. 

Se degolter, sith -dai-gooe -tai, vref. to 
loathe. 

Pegouttant, -e, dai-goo-tang, -t, adj. drop- 
ping. 

Pegoutter, dai-goo-tai, vn. 1 r. to drop. 

Degradation, dai-grah-dah-syong, sf. degra- 
dation. 

Pegrader, dai-grah-dai, va. 1 r. to degrade, 
disgrace. 

Pegrafer, dai-grah-fai, va. Ir. to unclasp. 

Pegraissement, dai-gress-mang, sm. scour- 
ing. 

Pegraisser, dai-gray-sai, va. 1 r. to scour, 
clean. 

Pegraisseur, -SE, dai-gray-sur, -suhze, smf. 
scourer. 

Pf.gre, duh-grai, sm. step, stair ; degree. 

Pegreer, dai-grai-ai, va. 1 r. to unrig a ship. 

Pegringolade, dai-graing-go-lad, sf. tum- 
bling down. 

Pegringoler, dai-graing-go-lai, vn. 1 r. to 
jump ; tumbledown, fall from top to bottom. 

Pegrisement, dai-greeze-mang, sm. return- 
ing to one's senses. 

Pegkiser, dai-gree-zai, va. 1 r. to bring one 
to his senses ; dissolve a charm. 

Pegrossir, dai-gro-seer, va. 2 r. to chip ; 
rough-hew. 

Peguenille, -e, daig-iie-yai, -e, adj. in tat- 
ters, ragged. 

Peguerpir, daigair-peer, va. 2 r. to give 
up ; quit. 

Pegcerpissement. dai-gair-peess-mang, sm. 
giving up ; quitting. 

Peguisement, dai-gheeze-memg, sm. disguise. 

Pegciser, dai-ghee-sai, va. 1 /•. to disguise. 

Se pegciser, suh-dai-ghee-zai, vref. to dis- 
semble, disguise one's self. 

Pegcstation, dai-gu-stah-syong, sf. tasiinjr. 

Pehaler, dai-hah-lai, va. 1 r. to take off the 
Bun-burning. 

Pehanche, -e, dai-ang-shai, -e, adj. bipshot. 

Deharnacher, dai-ar-nah-shai, va. 1 r. to 
unharness. 

Pehonte, -e, dai-ong-tai, -e, adj. shameless, 
impudent. 

Dehors, dvih-or, sm. outside ; appearance ; 
outworks. 

Dehors, duh-or, prep, and ad. out, without. 
Mettre dehors, to put to sea. 

Peicide, dai-e-seed, sm. deicide. 

Deification, dai-e-je-hah-syong, sf. apotheo- 
sis. 



RiilFIER, dai-e-fyai, va. 1 r. to deify ; adore. 

Peisme, dai-ee&sm, sm. deism, belief in one 
(iod. 

Peiste, dai-eest, sm. believer in one God, 
without worship. 

Peite, dai-e-tai, sf. deity, fabulous divinity. 

Pe.ja, dai-hjah, ad. already; now; then; 
before. 

DEJECTION, dui-hjeck-syong, sf. evacuation. 

Pejeter (se), su/t-dai-hjuh-tai, vief. 1 r. to 
warp. 

PejeOxer or dejeOne, dai-JjuJie-nai, am. 
breakfast. 

PejeOner, dai-hjuhe-nai, vn. 1 r. to break- 
fast. 

Pe j o:g>" a NT, dai - hjoo - ah - ing - yang, pres. 
part, of dejoindre, disjoining. 

Pejoignls, dai-hjoo-uh-iug-ye, pret. def. of 
dejoindre, disjoined. 

Pejoindue, dai-hjoo-aindre, va. 4irr. to dis- 
join. 

Dejoins, dai-hjoo-aing, pres. ind. of dejoin- 
dre, disjoin. 

Dejoint, -e, dai-hjoo-aing, -t. p. part, of de- 
joindre, disjoined. 

Dejcciier, dai-hjeu-sliai, va. n. 1 r. to drive 
away from the roost ; rise, come down. 

Pe la, duk-lah, ad. thence ; for that reason. 

Pe la (de gl et), duh-sah-ai-duh-lah, ad. 
exp. up and down, here and there. 

De la (au), o-duh-lah, prep, beyond, on the 
other side. 

Delaerement, dai-lah-bruh-mang, sm. ruin, 
decay. 

Pelabrer, dai-lah-brai, va. 1 r. to tear, rend; 
disorder. 

Se delabrer, suh-dai-Iah-lrai, vref. to go to 
ruin. 

Pelacer, dailah-sai, va. I r. to unlace ; un- 
tie. 

Pelai, dai-lay, sm. delay, deferring, stay, 
stop. 

Delaissement, dai-less-mang , sm. forlorn- 
ness. 

Delaisser, dai-lay-sai, va. 1 r. to forsake, 
abandon. 

Delassement, dai-lass-mang, sm. relaxation; 
rest. 

Pelasseu, dai-lah-sai, va. 1 r. to relax ; re- 
fresh. 

Se delasser, snh-dai-lah-sai, vref. to rest, 
divert one's self. 

Pelateur, dai-lah-tur, sm. delator, informer. 

Delation, dai-lah-syong, sf. accusation, im- 
peachment. 

Delatter, duilah-tai, va. 1 r. to unlath. 

Delave, -e, dai-luh-vai, -e, adj. faded, faint 
in color. 

Delayant, -e, dailay-yang, -r, smf. imdadj. 
diluter, diluent, attenuant. 

Delayer, day-lay-yui, va. 1 r. to dilute, 
make thin. 

Delectable, dai-ltck-tabl, adj. pleasing, de- 
lightful. 

Delectation', dai-leclc-tah-syang, ef. pleasure. 

Delecter, dai-leclc-tai, va. 1 r. to delight, re- 
joice, please. 

Se delecter, suh-dai-leck-tai, vref. to de- 
light in. 

Delegation, dai-lai-ghah-syong , sf. commis- 
sion. 

Delegatoire, dai-hii-ghah too-ar, sf. dele- 
gatory ; transferable.' 

Delegue, dai-lai-yai, sm. delegate, deputy. 

147 



DEM 



DEM 



Deleguer, dai-lai-gai, va. 1 r. to depute, 
appoint. 

Delestage, daidessdahje, sm. taking out of 
the ballast. 

Delester, daidessdai, va. 1 r. to take out 
the ballast. 

Delesteur, dai-less-tur, sm. taker out of the 
ballast. 

Deliberant, -e, daide-bai-rang, -t, adj. wa- 
vering, hesitating. 

Deliberatif, -ve, daide-bai-rahdeef, -v. adj. 
deliberative. 

Deliberation, daide-bai-rah-syong, sf. con- 
sultation. 

Delibere, -e. daide-bai-rai, -e, adj. easy ; 
resolute. Une chose dMiMree, a thing re- 
solved on. De propos delibere, on purpose. 

Deliberement, daide-bai-rai-mang, ad. ad- 
visedly. 

Deliberer, daide-bai-rai, vn. 1 r. to delib- 
erate. 

Delicat, -e, daidekah, -t, adj. delicate; nice. 

Delicatement, dai-lc-kat-mang, ad. deli- 
cately. 

Delicater, daide-kah-tai, va. 1 r. to fondle; 
pamper. 

Delicatesse, dai-le-kahdess, sf. delicacj' ; 
scruple. 

Delice, daideess, sm. sing. ; Deuces, s/p. 
delights. 

Deliciecsement, dai-le-syuhze-mang, ad. 
deliciously. 

Delicieux, -SE, daide-syidie, -ze, adj. deli- 
cious, sweet. 

Delicoter (se), snh-dai-lekodai, vref. \r. to 
shake off its halter. 

Delie, daidyai, sm. hair-stroke, fine stroke. 

Delie, -e, daidyai, adj. fine, thin, slender; 
subtle. La lamjue deliee, facility of ex- 
pression. 

Delier, daidyai, va. 1 r. to untie, nncord, 
release. 

Delineation, dai-lenai-ah-syong, sf. first 
draught. 

Delink cant, -e, daidaing-kang, d, sm/. 
•offender. 

Delire, daideer, sm. delirium, alienation of 
mind. 

Delirer, daide-rai, vn. 1 r. to be light- 
headed, dote. 

Delit, dai-le, sm. crime, offence, fault. Pris 
en flagrant delit, taken in the act. 

Delivrance, daide-vrangsse, sf. delivery ; 
release ; deliverance ; rescue. 

Delivrer, dai-le-vrai, va. 1 r. to deliver; free. 

Delogement, daidohje-mang, sm. change of 
lodgings ; decampment. 

Deloger, daidodijai, va. 1 r. to dislodge, 
drive away. 

Deloger, daidodijai, vn. 1 r. to remove, go 
away. 

Deloger sans trompette, daidodijai-sang- 
trong-pet, idi. exp. v. 1 r. to march off with- 
out beat of drum. 

Deloyal, -e. daidoo-a7i-yal, d, adj. disloyal. 

Deloyalement, daidoo-ah-yal-inang, ad. 
disloyally, unfaithfully (vide obs. 6). 

Deloyaute, daidoo-ah-yo-tai, sf. disloyalty ; 
perfidy. 

Deluge, dai-leuhje, sm. deluge, flood. 

Deleter, dai-leudai, va. \r. to unlute. 

Demagogue, dai-mah-gog, sm. ringleader. 

Demaigrir, dai-may-greer, vn. 2 r. to grow 

* fatter. 

148 



Demaillotter, dai-niah-yO'tai, va. 1 r. to 

unswathe. 

Demain, duh-maing, ad. to-morrow. 

Demancher, dai-mang-shai, va. 1 r. to take 
off the handle. 

Se demancher, sidi-dai-mang-shai, vref. to 
be unhinged ; take a bad turn. 

Demande, duh-mangde, sf. demand; question. 

Demander, duh-mang-dai, va. 1 r. to ask, 
entreat, beg ; interrogate ; claim ; want ; 
require. 

Demandeur, -se, duli-mang-dur, -duhze, smf. 
petitioner, asker ; dun. 

Demandeur, -deresse, didi - mang - dur, 
-dress, smf. demandant, plaintiff. 

Demangeaison, dai-mangdijai -zoug. sf. itch- 
ing. 

Demanger, dai-manghjai, vn. 1 r. to itch. 

DemaN'TELEMENT, dai-mang teil-uiang, sm. 
dismantling, pulling down. 

Demanteler, dai-mangtedai, va. 1 r. to pull 
down. 

Demantibuler, dai-mang-te-beudai, va. to 
break, put out of order. 

Demarche, dai-marsh, sf. step ; gait ; at- 
tempt. Faire les premieres demarches, to 
make advances. 

Demarier, dai-mali-ryai, va. 1 r. to divorce, 
disunite. 

Demarquer, dai-mar-kai, va. 1 r. to take 
off the mark. 

Demarrer, dai-maTi-rai, va. \r. to unmoor. 

Demasquer, dai-mas-kai, va. 1 r. to unmask, 
show. 

Se demasquer, suh dai-mas-kai, vref. to pull 
off the mask. 

Demastiquer, dai-mas-te-kai, va. 1 r. to uu- 
cement. 

Demater, dai-mah-tai, va. 1 r. to take down 
the mast. 

Demele, dai-meydai, sm. strife, quarrel. 

Demeler, dai-meydai, va. 1 r. to separate, 
perceive ; unravel ; elucidate ; quarrel. De- 
meler tin differend, to decide a difference. 

Se demeler de, suh-dai-mey-lai, vref. to ex- 
tricate one's self. 

Demeloir, dai-meydoo-ar, sm. large-toothed 
comb. 

Demembrement, dai-mang -bruh-mang, sm. 
dismembering ; division ; partition. 

Demembrer, dai-mang-brai, ca. 1 r. to dis- 
member ; separate ; divide. 

Demenagement, dai-mai-nahje-mang, sm. 
change of house ; removal of goods. 

Demenager, dai-mai-nah-hjai, va.n. 1 r. to 
remove, transfer goods. 

Demence, dai-mangsse, sf. madness, loss of 
reason. Etre en demence, to be deranged. 

Demener (se), suJi-dai-muh-nai, vref. 1 r. to 
bustle, make a stir, stir about. 

Demens, dai-mang, pres. ind. of dementir, 
contradict. 

Dementant, dai-mang -tang, pres. part, of de- 
mentir, contradicting. 

Dementi, dai-manq-te, sm. lie, contradiction; 
balk. 

Dementir, dai-mangdeer, va. 2 irr. to give 
the lie, contradict ; speak or act contrary to. 

Se dementir, suh-dai-mangteer, vref. to be- 
lie one's self, be inconsistent. Vn liomme 
qui ne se dement point, a man of uniform 
consistency. 

Demerite, dai-mai-reet, sm. demerit; blame. 

Demeriter, dai-mai-re-tai, vn. 1 r. to lose 



DEM 



DEN 



the esteem, friendship, good-will, Sec. ; do 
amiss. 

D&MESURE, -v.. dai-muh-zeu-rai, -e, adj. un- 
bounded; excessive; huge. 

DlMESUREMENT, dai-muh-zvu-rai-mang, ad. 
excessively, without bounds. 

Demets, dai-mey, pres. ind. of demettre, dis- 
place. 

Dkmettant, dai-mey -twig, pres. part, of di- 
nt tin , dismissing. 

Demettre, dai-mettr, va. 4 irr. to dismiss ; 
displace. 

Se demettre, suh-dai-mcttr, vref. to resign ; 
dislocate one's limbs. 

Pemel'bleme.nt, dai-muhbJ-mnng, sm. mov- 
ing of furniture, unfurnishing. 

Demeubler, dai-muh-blui, va. 1 r. to un- 
furnish. 

Demeurant, duh-muli-rang, sm. remainder. 

Demetrant.-e, diih-muh-rang.-t, adj. living. 

Pemeure, duh-mithie, sf. dwelling, house. 

DEMEURER, duh-muh-rai, vn. 1 r. to dwell; 
live ; stay. 

Demi, ttuh-me, ad. almost, half. 

A demi, ali-duk-me, ad. exp. by halves ; im- 
perfectly. 

Demi, -e, duh-me, -e, adj. (indeclinable be- 
fore a noun, declinable after it), half, semi. 

Demi-doczaine, diih-me-doo-zain, sf. half a 
dozen. 

Demie, duh-mce, sf. half an hour. 

Demi-luxe, duh-meeleiiii, sf. half-moon. 

Demi-metal, duh-me-mai-tal, sm. semi-metal. 

Demi-once, duh-me-ongsse, if. half an ounce. 

De.uis, dai-mee, p. part, anil pret. def. of di- 
mettre, put out of joint, displaced. 

Demi-savant, duk-me-sah-vang, sm. smat- 
terer. 

De.mi-savoik, duh-me-sah-voo-ar, sm. super- 
ficial knowledge. 

Df.mi-secret, duh-me-suh-kray, sm. half- 
known secret. 

Demi-setier, duhme-suh-tyai, sm. half a 
pint. 

Demi-solde, duh-me-snJd, .*/'. half-pay. 

Demi-soupir, duh-me -soo -peer, sm. pause 
equal to a quaver. 

Demission, dai-me-syong, sf. resignation. 

Demi-teixte, dttlt-ute-taiiiate, sf. neutral tint. 

Demi-to.v, duh-me-tong, sin. semitone. 

Democrate, dai-mo-icrat, sm. democrat. 

Democracie, dai-mo-krah-see, sf. popular 
government. 

Democratique, daimo-krah-teek, adj. pop- 
ular. 

Demoiselle, duh-moo-ah-zdl, if. lady ; miss ; 
unmarried lady ; rammer. 

Demolir, daiino-leer, va. 2 r. to demolish, 
pull down. 

Demolition, dai-mo-le-syong, sf. destruction, 
rubbish. 

Demon, dai-mong, sm. demon, evil spirit. 

Demoniaque, dai-mo-nyack, adj. devilish ; 
bad. 

Demonstrated^, dai-mongssetrah-tur, sm. 
demonstrator, elucidator. 

Demonstrate, -ve, dai-mongsse-lrah-tteff, 
-», adj. demonstrative, conclusive. 

Demonstration, dni-mongsse-trah-syong, sf. 
demonstration ; proof, mark. 

Demonstrativement, dai-mongsse-trah-teev- 
lnnnrj, ad. clearly, evidently. 

Demonter, dai-mong-tai, va. lr. to dismount, 
unhorse ; take to pieces ; confuse. 



Demontrer, dai-mong-trai, va. 1 r. to de- 
monstrate. 

Demoraliser, dai-mo-rah-lc-zai, va. 1 r. to 
corrupt. 

Demokdre de, dai-mordr, vn. 4 r. to let go; 
recede. 

Demouvoir, daimoo-voo-ar (used in the in- 
finitive only), va. 3 irr. to indemnify for the 
giving up of a pretension. 

Demunir, dai-meu-neer, va. 2 r. to unpro- 
vide. 

Demurer, dai-meu-rai, va. 1 r. to take down 
a wall. 

Denantir (se), suh-dai-nang-teer, vref. 2 r. 
to give up. 

Denatter, dai-nah-tai, va. 1 r. to untwist, 
undo. 

Denature, -e, dai-nahteu-i-ai, -e, adj. un- 
natural. 

Denatuker, dai-nah-teu-rai, va. 1 r. to al- 
ter, change. 

Denegation, dai-nai-ghah-nyong, sf. denial. 

Deni, dai-ne, sm. denial, refusal. 

De.viaise, -e, dai-nyey-zai, -e, smf. knowing 
man, woman. 

Deniaisement, dai-nyeyze-mang , sm. bought 
wit. 

Deniaiser, dai-nyey-zai, va. 1 r. to cheat, 
trick ; sharpen. 

Se deniaiser, suh-dai-nyey-zai, vref. to grow 
witty, smart. 

Deniaiseur, dai-nyey-zur, sm. cheat, shar- 
per, guller. 

Denicher, daine-sliai, va. 1 r. to unnestle, 
dislodge, turn out. 

Denichetc, dai-neshai, vn. 1 r. to march, 
brush off. 

Denicheur, dai-ne-shur, sm.rouser; bum- 
bailiff. 

Denioheur de merles, dai -ne-shur -duh- 
mayrle, idi. exp. sm. sharper, swindler, 
guller. 

Denier, dai-nyai, va. 1 r. to deny, disown ; 
disregard. 

Denier, duh-nyai, sm. denier, farthing ; in- 
terest. 

Denier a Dieu, duh-nyai-ah-dyuhe, idi. exffr 
sm. earnest-penny. 

Denier de poids, duh-nyai-duh-poo-ah, sm. 
pennyweight. 

Denier vingt, duh-nyai-vaing, sm. five per 
cent. 

Denier TmGT-Ci"S<i,duh-nyai-vaingt-sainghe, 
sm. four per cent. 

Deniers du roi, duh-nyaie-deu-roo-ah, smp. 
king's treasure. 

Deniers d'octroi, duh-nyaie-dock-troo-ah, 
smp. toll-money or gathering. 

Denigrement, dai-ne-gruh-mang, sm. defa- 
mation ; defect. 

Denigrer, dai-ne-grai, va. 1 r. to defame ; 
censure falsely ; ridicule ; spoil. 

Denombrement, dainongbruh-mang, sm. 
enumeration. 

Denominated^, dui-no-me-nah-tur, sm. de- 
nominator. 

Denominate, -ve, dai-no-me-nah-teeff, -v, 
adj. denominative. 

Denomination, dai-no-me-nah-syong , sf. de- 
nomination. 

Denommer, dai-no-mai, va. 1 r. to denomi- 
nate, name. 

Denoncer, dai-nong-sai, va. 1 r. to accuse; 
denounce. 

149 



DEP 



DEP 



Denonciateur, dai-nong-syah-tw; sm. de- 
nouncer. 
Denunciation, dai-nong-syuh-syong, sf. ac- 
cusation. 
Denotation, dai-no-lah-fiyong, sf. designa- 
tion. 
Denoter, dai-no-lai, va. 1 r. to denote, mark, 

show. 
Denouement, dai-nooe-mang, sm. end ; ca- 
tastrophe. 
Denouer, dai-noo-ai, va. 1 r. to untie ; un- 
ravel ; break. 
Denree, dang -rate, sf provisions ; victuals ; 

ware. 
Dense, dangsse, adj. dense, close ; thick. 
Densite, dang-se-tai, sf. density ; compact- 
ness. 
Dent, dang, sf. tooth, notch. Lea dents lui 
tombent, he sheds his teeth. litre sur lea 
dents, to be tired out. 
Dent creuse, danq-kruhze, idl. exp. sf. first 

bait. 
Dent (coup de), hood - dang, idi. exp. sm. 

sarcasm ; slander. 
Dents (MONTRER les), mong-traidey-danghe, 

idi. exp. v. 1 r. to resist, oppose, refuse. 
Dent de lion, dang-duh-lyong, sm. dandelion. 
Dental, -e, dang-tal, d, adj. dental, with the 

teeth. 
Dente, -e, dang -ted, -e, adj. notched, in- 
dented. 
Dentee, dang-taie, sf. bite. 
Dentele, -e, dangte-lai, -e, adj. indented, 

jagged. 
Denteler, dangle -hit, va. lr. to indent, 

notch, jag. 
Dentelle, dang-teU, sf. lace, bone-lace. 
DENTELURE, dangtedeur, sf. indentation. 
DentiCule, dang-tedcule, sm. domiciliation. 
Dentier, dany-tyai, sm. set of teeth. 
Dentifrice, dang-te-freess, sm. dentifrice. 
Dentiste, dang-teest, sm. dentist. 
Dentition, dang-te-syong, sf. dentition, cut- 
ting of the teeth. 
Denture, dang-teur, sf. set of teeth. 
Denudation, dai-neu-da.h-syong, .'■/'.stripping. 
Denueme.vt, dai-neue-mang, sm. want. 
Denuer, dai-neu-ai, va. 1 r. to deprive. 
Depaqueter, dai-pach-tai, va. 1 r. to un- 
pack, undo. 
Depareille, -e, dai-pah-ray-yai, -e, adj. 

mismatched. 
Depareiller, dai-pah-ray-yai, va. 4 r. to 

mismatch. 
Deparer, dai-pah-rai, va. 1 r. to disarray, 

undeck. 
Deparier, dai-pah-ryai, va. 1 r. to unmatch, 

disjoin. 
Depai>ler, dai-pnr-lai, va. 1 r. (always pre- 
ceded by ne, and followed by pas), to speak 
continually. 
Depars, dai-par, pres. ind. of tdeparlir, di- 
vide. 
Depart, dai-par, sm. departure; ds-part. 
Departager, dai-par-tah-hjai, va. 1 r. to 

give the casting vote. 
Departant, dai-par-tang, pres. part, of de- 

partir, dividing. 
Departement, dai-part-mang, sm. depart- 
ment. 
Departir, dai-par-teer, va. 2 irr. to divide ; 

allot. 
Se departir de, suh-dai-par-teer, vref to 
give up ; desist. 
luJ 



Depasser, daipah-sai, va. 1 r. to exceed; 

unthread ; outdo ; overshoot ; overstep. 
Depaver, dai-pah-vai, va. 1 r. to unpave. 
Depatser, dai-pay-e-zai, va. lr. to send 

abroad ; mislead. 
Depecement, dai-pess-maiig, sm. cutting up. 
Depecer, dai-puh-sai, va. lr. to carve, slice; 

cut up. 
Depkche, dai-peyshe, sf. dispatch. 
Depecher, dai-pey-shai,vu. lr. to dispatch ; 

kill. 
Se depecher, suh-dai-pey-shai, vref. to make 

haste. 
Depeignant, dai-pai-ing-yang, pres. part. 

of depeindre, describing. 
Depeignis, daipai-ingye, pret. def. of de- 
peindre, described. 
Depeindre, dai-paingdr, va. 1 irr. to de- 
scribe, express. 
Depeins, dai-paing, pres. ind. of dt'pcindre, 

describe. 
Depeint, -e, dai-paing, -t, p. part, of depein- 
dre, described. 
Depenaille, -e, daip-nali-yai, -e, adj. cover- 
ed with tatters. 
Dependamment, dai-pang-dah-mang, ad. 

dependently, with dependence. 
Dependance, dai-paiig-dangsse, sf. depen- 
dence. 
Dependant, -e, dai-pang-dang, -t, smf. and 

adj. dependant ; dependent, subject. 
Dependre, dai-pangdr, va. 4 r. to take down. 
Dependre de, dai-pangdr, vn. 4 r. to depend; 

result ; proceed ; be in one's power. 
Depens, dai -panghe, smp. costs, expense, 

charge. 
Defense, dai-pangsse, sf. expense ; pantry. 
Depenser, dai-pang-sai, va. 1 r. to spend ; 

buy ; waste. 
Depensier, -e, dai-panq syai, -re, smf. and 

adj. spendthrift, prodigal ; extravagant. 
Deperdition, dai-pair-de-syong, sf. destruc- 
tion, loss. 
Deperir, dai-pai-reer, vn. 2 r. to waste, 

decay. 
Depeiussement, dai - pai ■ reess -manff, sm. 

decay. 
Depersuader, dai-pair-seu-ah-dai, va. 1 r. 

to undeceive. 
Depetrer, dai-pey -trai, va.lr. to disen- 
tangle, deliver. 
Se depetrer, suh-dai-pey-trai, vref. to get 

rid of. 
Depeuplement, dai-puhpl-mang , sm. depop- 
ulation. 
Depeupler, dai-puh-plai, va. 1 r. to depop- 
ulate ; kill. 
Depiecer, dai-pyai-sai, va. 1 r. to pull to 

pieces, dismember. 
Depilatif, -ve, dai-pedah-teeff, -v, adj. de- 
pilatory. 
Depilation, dai-j>e-lah-syong, sf. abrasion 

of the hair. 
Depilatoire, dai-pe-lah-too-ar, adj. depila- 
tory. 
Depiler, dai-pedai, va. 1 r. to take off the 

hair. 
Depiquer, daipe-kai, va. 1 r. to reconcile ; 

make up. 
Se depiqcer, suh-dai-pc-kai, vref to be rec- 
onciled. 
Depit, dai-pe, sm. spite, vexation; pet; 
anjrer. Avoir da depit, to be angry. Crever 
de depit, to be ready to burst with vexation. 



DEP 



DEP 



K.v depit de, ang-dai-pe-duh,prep. in spite of. 
Depiter, dai-pe-tai, va. 1 r. to mutiny; spite. 
Se depiter, suh-dai-pe-tai, vref. to take the 

pet ; fret. 
Deplacement, dai-plass-mang, sm. dis- 
placing. 

Deplacer, dai-plah-sai, va. 1 r. to displace, 
remove. 

Dkpi.aire a, dai-playre-ah, pb. 4 iVr. to dis- 
plcase, olfend. JVe vous deplaise, by your 
favor. 

S.: deplaire, nuh-dai-playre, vref. to be a 
burden to one's self, grow weary of; dislike. 

Depi.aisance, dai-plai-zangsse, sf. dislike; 
reluctance. 

Deplais, dai -play, pres. ind. of deplaire, 
displease. 

Deplaisant, dai-plai-zanff, pres. part, of de- 
plaire, displeasing. 

Deplaisant, -e, dai-plai-zang, -t, adj. dis- 
agreeable. 

Deplaisir, dai-plai-zeer, sm. grief, affliction, 
trouble. J'enaiun grand deplaisir, I am 
very sorry. 

Dlpi.anter, dai-plang-tai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
plant, pull up. 

Deplantoir, daiplang-lno-ar (vide obs. 6), 
sm. digger. 

DEplatrer, daiplah-trai, va. 1 r. to take 
off the plaster. 

Deplier, dai-plc-i/ai, va. 1 r. to unfold, open. 

Deplisser, dai-plesai, va. 1 r. to unplait. 

Deplorable, dai-plo-rabl, adj. lamentable, 
sad. 

Deplorablement, dai-p7o-rah-bluh-mang, 
ad. lamentably, miserably. 

Deplore, e, dai-plo-rai, -e, adj. hopeless, 
lamentable. 

Deplorer, dai-plo-rai, va. 1 r. to lament, 
bewail. 

Deployer, daiploo-ali-yai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
play. Hire de gorge deployee, to laugh out. 

Deplu, dai-pleu, p. part, of deplaire, dis- 
pleased. 

Deplumer, daipleu-mai, va. 1 r. to deplume. 

Deplus, dai-pleu, pret. def. of deplaire, dis- 
pleased. 

Depolir, dui-po-leer, va. 2 r. to unpolish. 

Deponent, dai-ponang, .sin. deponent. 

Depopulariser, dai-po-peudah-re-zai, va. 1 
r. to make or render unpopular. 

Depopulation*, dai-popeu-lah-syong, sf. de- 
population ; havoc, waste. 

DEPORT, dai-por, sm. first-fruits of a living. 

Deport (sans), sang-dtii-por, ad. exp. with- 
out delay. 

Deportation", dai-por-tah-syong, sf. trans- 
portation. 

Deportement, dai-port-mang , sm. behavior, 
conduct. 

DEporter, dai-por-tai, va. 1 r. to banish, 
transport. 

Se peporter, svh-dai-por-tai, vref. to recede, 
desist. »S'e deporler de ses pretensions, to 
with ilra w. 

Deposant, -e, dai-po-zang, -t, smf. and adj. 
deponent. 

Deposer, dai-po-zai, va. 1 r. to depose; lay 
down. 

Depositaire, dai-po-ze-tayre, smf. deposi- 
tary, trustee ; confidant. 

Deposition, daipo-ze-syong, sf. deposition. 

DEposseder, dai-po-sai-dui, va. lr. to dis- 
possess. 



Depossession, dai-pu-sey-sijow/, sf. dispos- 
sessing. 

Deposter, dai-poss-lai, va. 1 r. to dislodge, 

drive away. 
Depot, dai-poe, sm. deposit ; sediment. 
Depoter, dai-po-tai, va. 1 r. to take out of 
the pot. 

Depoudrer, daipoo-drai, va. 1 r. to take 
out the powder. 

Depouille, dai-poo-yuh, sf. spoil ; clothes ; 
skin ; inheritance ; booty; plunder; slough. 
Avoir la depouille de quelqu'un, to succeed 
one. 

Depouillement, dai-poo-yuh-mang, sm. di- 
vesture ; destitution ; self-denial. 

Depouiller, daipoo-yai, va. 1 r. to divest, 
deprive, strip, skin ; gather. 

Se depouiller, sidi-dai-poo-yai, vref. to strip 
one's self. 

Depourvoir, dai-poor -voo-or. va. 3 irr. 
(only used in the pres. inf. and the p. part.) 
to deprive of provisions, necessaries. Aa 
depourvu, unawares. 

Se depourvoir, suh-dai-poor-voo-ar, vref. to 
bereave, leave one's self destitute. 

Depourvu, -e, daipoor-veu, p. part, of de- 
pourvoir, deprived. 

Depravation, daiprah-vah-syong, sf. de- 
pravity. 

Depraver, dai-prah-cai, va. 1 r. to deprave, 
corrupt. 

Deprecatif, -te, dai-prai-kah-teeff, -v, adj. 
deprecative. 

Deprecation, dai-prai-lcah-syong, sf. ear- 
nest prayer. 

Deprecier, dai-prai-syai, va. 1 r. to under- 
value. 

Depredateur, dai-prai-dah-tur, sm. robber, 
plunderer. 

Depredation, dai-prai-dah-syong, sf. rob- 
bing, plunder. 

Depreder, dai-prai-dai, va. 1 r. to plunder, 
pillage. 

Deprenant, dai-prvh-nang, pres. part, of 
de'prendre, unfixing. 

Deprendre, dai prangdr, va. 4. irr. to unfix, 
untie. 

Se deprendre, suli-dai-prangdr, vref. to 
renounce, quit. 

DepreN'NE, dai-prenn, pres. subj. of de- 
prendre, may untie. 

Deprennent, dai-prenn, 3 pers. pi. pres. ind. 
of deprendre, untie. 

Depres, duh-prey, ad. near, at hand, not 
far off. 

Depression, dai-pray-syong, sf. pressure ; 
affliction. 

Deprier, dai-pre-yai, va. 1 r. to disinvite, 
countermand. 

Deprimer, dai-pre-mui, vn. 1 r. to depress ; 
vilify. 

Depris, dai-pree, p. part, and pret. def. of 
deprendre, untied. 

Depriser, dai -pre- zai, va. 1 r. to under- 
value ; despise. 

Depuis, duh-peu-ee, ad. since, ago, pas*. 

Depuis, duh-peu-ee, prep, from, for. Depuis 
cinq heures jusqu'a six, from five to six 
o'clock. 

Depuis quand, duhpeu-ee-lang, interr. ad. 
how long? 

Depuis peu, duh-peu-eo-puh, ad. exp. very 
lately,' not long since. 

Depuis long-temps, duh-peu-ee-long-tang, 

151 



DEE 



DES 



ad. exp. long ago, a long time since, this 
great while. 

Depuis que, duh-peu-ee-kuh, conj. since (vide 
obs. 4). 

Depuratif, -ve, dai-peu-rah-teeff, -v, adj. 
cleansing, purifying. 

Depuration, dai-peu-rah-syong, sf. purify- 
ing (vide obs. 4). 

Depuratoire, dai-peu-rnh-too-ar, adj. puri- 
ficatory (vide obs. 4 and 6). 

Depurer, dai-peu-rai, va. 1 r. to depure ; 
clarify (vide obs. 4). 

Deputation, dai-peu-tah-syong, sf. public 
message (vide obs. 4). 

Depute, dai-peu-tai, sm. deputy, delegate. 

Deputer, dai-peu-tai, va. 1 r. to depute, 
commission (vide obs. 4). 

Dequoi, duh-koo-ah, sm. means, something 
(vide obs. 6). 

Dequoi vivre (avoir), ah-voo-ar-duh-koo- 
ah-veevr, v. aux. to have something to live 
upon. 

Deracinement, dai-rah-scen-mang, sm. un- 
rooting, eradication. 

Deracinek, dai-rah-se-nai, va. 1 r. to eradi- 
cate ; destroy. 

Deraison, dui-ray-zong, sf. want of sense ; 
foolishness. 

Deraisonnable, dai-ray-zo-nabl, adj. un- 
reasonable. 

Deraison nablement, dai-ray-zo-na7i-bluh- 
mang, ad. unreasonably, out of reason. 

Deraison nement, dai-ray-zon-mang, sm. 
nonsense. 

Deraisonner, dai-ray-zo-nai, vn. 1 r. to 
speak nonsense. 

Derange, -e, dai-rang-hjai, adj. irregular ; 
out of order. 

Derangement, dai-ranghe-mang, sm. mis- 
conduct ; confusion, disorder ; trouble. 

Deranger, dai-rang-hjai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
place ; disturb. 

Se deranger, suh-dai-rang-Jijai, vref. to 
lead an irregular life ; leave one's home or 
place. 

Derate, -e, dai-rah-tai, -e, adj. nimble, ex- 
peditious. 

Derechef, duli-ruh-sheff, ad. anew, afresh, 
again. 

Deregi.e, -e, dai-rai-glai, -e, adj. irregular, 
disorderly. 

Dereglement, dai-rai-gluh-mung, sm. ir- 
regularity. 

Dereglement, dai-rai-glai-mang, ad. with- 
out moderation, without self-command. 

Deregler, dai-rai-glai, va. 1 r. to disorder, 
corrupt. 

Se deregler, suh-dai-rai-glai, vref. to lead 
an irregular life. 

Derider, dai-re-dai, va. 1 r. to unwrinkle ; 
enliven. 

Se derider, suh-dai-re-dai , vref. to lay aside 
one's cares or gravity ; relax ; grow cheer- 
ful. 

Derision, dai-re-zyong, sf. laughing at; 
scorn : mockery. 

Derisoire, dai-re-zoo-ar, adj. mocking, 
ridiculing (vide obs. 6). 

Derivation, dai-re-vah-syong, sf. deriva- 
tion ; extraction. 

Derivatif, -ve, dai-re-vah-teeff, -v, adj. de- 
rived or taken from. 

Derive, dni-reev, sf. deviation, turning 
aside ; paddle. 
152 



Derive, dai-re-vai, adj. derivative. 

Deriver, dai-re-vai, va. 1 r. to unrivet ; de- 
rive ; drive off. 

Dernier, -e, dair-nyai, -re, adj. last, ut- 
most, highest, greatest. 

Dernierement, dair -nyayre- many, ad. 
lately, not long ago. 

Derobe, -e, dai-ro-bai, -e, adj. stript of its 
skin or husk ; private ; extracted ; inter- 
mediate. A des heures derobees, at spare 
hours. 

Derobee (a la), ah-lah-dai-ro-baie, ad. exp. 
by stealth. 

Derober, dai-ro-bai, va. 1 r. to steal ; hide ; 
draw out, take off or away. 

Se derober, suh -dai-ro-bai, vref. to avoid, 
fly from. Se derober de la justice, to fly 
from justice. 

Derogation, dai-ro-ghah-syong, sf. deroga- 
tion. 

Derogatoike, dai-ro-ghah-too-ar, adj. de- 
rogatory. 

Derogeance, dai-ro-hjangsse, sf. disparage- 
ment. 

Derogeant, -e, dai-ro-hjang, -t, adj. derog- 
ative, degrading. 

Deroger a, dai-ro-hjai, vn. 1 r. to derogate, 
degrade. 

Deroidir or Deraidir, dai-raydeer, v. 2 r. 
to supple. 

Se deroidir or deraidir, sah-dai-rai-deer, 
vref. to be pliant or eas}\ 

Derougir, dai-roo-lijeer, va. 2 r. to take off 
the redness. 

Se deijougir, suh-dai-roo-hjeer, vref. to be 
less red. 

Derouillesient, dai -roo-yuh-mang, sm. 
rubbing out of the rust. 

Derouiller, dai-roo-yai, va. 1 r. to rub off 
the rust. 

Se derouiller, suh - dai - roo - yai, vref. to 
brighten ; acquire easy manners. 

Derouler, dai-roo-lai, va. 1 r. to unroll. 

Deroute, dai-root, sf. rout, defeat ; disorder. 
Mettre quelqu 1 un en deroute, to put to a non- 
plus. 

Derouter, dai-roo-lai, va. 1 r. to mislead ; 
counteract, defeat, render abortive. 

Derriere, dai-ryayre, sm. hind part, back. 

Derriere, dai-ryayre, prep, behind, at or 
on the back. Elle est bossue par derriere, 
she has a crooked back. 

Dervis, dair-vee, sm. Mahometan monk. 

Des, dey (contraction of de les), art. def. mfp. 
of the ; some, any. 

Des, dey, prep, from ; since, not later than. 
Je le ferai des ce soir, I shall do it this 
very evening. 

Des que, dey-kuh, conj. as soon as, since 
that, when. 

Des aujourd'hui, dey-zo-Jijnor-deu-e, ad. 
exp. this very day, to-day (vide obs. 4). 

Des lors, dey-lor, ad. exp. from that time, 
since then. 

Desaeusement, dai-zah-beuze-mang, S7n. un- 
deceiving (vide obs. 4). 

Desabuser, dai-zuh-beu-zai, va. 1 r. to un- 
deceive. 

Desaccorder, dai-zah-kor-dai, va. 1 r. to 
untune ; embroil. 

Desaccoupler, dai-zah-koo-plai, va. 1 r. to 
uncouple. 

Desaccoutumer, dai-zah-kooteu-mai, va. 
1 r. to disaccustom, wean of a habit. 



DES 



DES 



Dksachala.nder, dui-zah-shahdang-dai, va. 

1 r. to decry, speak against a shop. 
Des.ufami:. -E, dai-zah-fah-mai, -e, adj. 

replete, full. 
DISAFFECTION, dai-zali-fcck-syong, sf. dis- 

affection. 
Desaffectionner, dai-zah-feck-syo-nai, va. 

1 r. to disaffect. 
Desagknckr, dai-zah-hjangsai, va. 1 r. to 

put out of order. 
Desagreable, dai-zah-grai-aU, adj. dis- 

agreeable. 
Pes vi; REABLEMENT, dai-zah-grai-abl-mang, 

ad. in a disagreeable manner. 
Desagreer, dai-zuh-grai-ai, va. 1 r. to un- 
rig. 
Desagrement, dai-zah-grai-mang, sm. un- 
pleasantness ; vexation. 
DeSAJUSTER, dai-zah-hjeusse-tai, va. 1 r. to 

disorder (vide obs. 4). 
Desalterer, dai - zal - tai - rai, va. 1 r. to 

quench the thirst. 
DESANCRER, daizang-lcrai, va. n. 1 r. to 

weigh anchor. 
Desaffareii.ler, dai-zah-pah-ray-yai, va. 

1 ;■. to nnmatch. 
Desapflication, dai-zahple-kah-syong, sf. 

inattention. 
Desappliquer, dai-zah-ple-kai, va. 1 r. to 

make inattentive. 
J}±SArpoinTEVLE5T,dai-zah-poo-aingte j mang, 

sm. balk. 
Desappointer, dai-zah-poo-aing-tai, va.lr. 

to disappoint. 
Desapprenant, dai-zah-pruh-nang, pres. 

part, of desapprendre, forgetting. 
Desapprendre, dai-zah-prangdr, va. 4 irr. 

to forget. 
Desapprenne, dai-zah-prenn, pres. subj. of 

desapprendre, ma}' forget. 
Desapprennent, dai-zah-prenn, 3 pers. pi. 

pres. ind. of desapprendre, forget. 
Desappris, dai-zah-pree, p. part, and pret. 

def. of desapprendre, forgot, forgotten. 
Desapprobateur, dai-zah-pro-bah-tur, sm. 

cen surer. 
Des a pfrof.atrtce, dai-zah-pro-bah-treess, 

sf. fault-finder. 
Disapprobation, dai-zah-pro-bah-syong, sf. 

censure. 
Des appropriation, dai-zali- pro • pre - yah- 

syong. sf. surrender. 
Desapproprier, dai-zah-pro pre-yai, va.l r. 

to take from. 
Se DESAPPROPRIER, suh-daizah-pro-pre-yai, 

vref. to give up. 
Desapprouver, dai-zah-proo-vai, va. 1 r. to 

censure. 
Desarqonner, dai-zar-so-nai, va. 1 r. to un- 
horse ; confound. 
pBSARGENTER, dai-zar-hjang-tai, va. 1 r. to 

rub offihe silver ; strip of money. 
Desarmement, dai-zar-muh-niung, sm. dis- 
arming. 
Desakmkr, dai-zar-mai, va. 1 r. to disarm ; 

appease. 
DftSARROI, dai-zah-roo-ah, sm. complexity 

(vide obs. G). 
Disassembler, dai-zah-sangblai, va. 1 r. to 

part. 
Desassortir, dai-zah-sor-leer, va. 2r. to dis- 
join, unsort. 
Disassortissemeni, dai-zah-sor-teess-mang, 

sm. unsorting. 
(7*) 



Desastre, dai-zasstr, sm. disaster, accident, 

misfortune. 
Desastrecx, -se, dai-sass-truhe, -ze, adj. 

disastrous. 
Desayantage, dai-zaJi-vang-tahjc, em. the 

worst ; loss. 
Desavantageux. -se, ditl - zah - vang - tah - 

hjuhe, -ze, adj. disadvantageous; ill-chosen. 

DeSAVANTAGEUSEMENT, dai - zah - rang- tah- 

hjuhze-mang, ad. with disadvantage. 

Desaveu, -x, dai-zah-vuh, -e, em. denial, re- 
fusal. 

Desaveugler, dai-zah-vuh-glai, va. 1 r. to 
undeceive. 

Desavouer, dai-zah-voo-ai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
own ; deny. 

Desceller, duh-say-lai, va. 1 ;•. to unseal ; 
unfix. 

Descendance, duh-sang-dangsse, sf. descent, 
race. 

Descendant, -e, duh - sang - dang, -t, adj. 
descendant. 

Descendants, duh-sang-danghe, smp. pos- 
terity. 

Descendre, duh-eangdr, va. 4 r. to descend, 
lower. Descendre id' un ton, to sing a note 
lower. 

Descendre, duh-eangdr, vn. 4 r. to alight ; 
search into ; examine ; come from ; rush 
upon. 

Descents, duh-sangte, sf. descent ; irruption ; 
rupture. 

Description, duh-skreep-syong, sf. descrip- 
tion ; inventory. 

Desemballage, dai-zang-bah-lahje, sm. un- 
packing. 

Desemballer, dai-zang-bah-lai, va. 1 r. to 
unpack. 

Desembarquement, dai -zang-barl: -mavg t 
sin. landing. 

Desembarquer, dai-zang-bar-kai, va. 1 r. 
to land. 

Desambourber, dai-zang-boor-bai, va. 1 r. 
to disengage from a miry place. 

Desemparer, dai-zang-pah-rai, va. n. 1 r. 
to forsake ; disable. 

Desempeser, dai-zang -puh-zai, va. 1 r. to 
soften. 

Desenchainer, dai-zang-shey-nai, va. 1 r. 
to unchain. 

Desenchantement, dai-zang-shai\gte-mang, 
sm. disenchantment. 

Desenchanter, dai-zang-shang-tai, ra. 1 r, 
to break, dissolve the spell ; cure of a pas- 
sion. 

Desenclouer, dai-zang -Moo -ai, va. 1 r. to 
unnail. 

Desenfiler, dai-zang-fe-lai, va. 1 r. to un- 
thread. 

Desenfler, dai-zang-Jlai, va. 1 r. to remove 
or abate the swelling. 

Se desenfler, suh-dai-zang-jlai, vref. to 
cease swelling. 

Desf.nflure, daizang-fleur, sf. abatement 
of the swelling (vide obs. 4). 

Desenivrer, dai-zang-ne-vrai, va. 1 r. to 
sober. 

Desenlacer (se), suh -dai-zang -hih - sai, 
vref. 1 r. to extricate, disentangle one's 
self. 

Desennuter, dai-zang-neu-e-yai, va. 1 r. to 
divert, amuse. 

Se pesennuyer, suh -dai-zang -neu-e-yai, 
vref. lo divert one's self. 

153 



DES 



DES 



Desenrayer, dai-zang-ray-yai, va. 1 r. to 

disengage. 
Desenrhumer, dai-zang-reu-mai, va. 1 r. to 

cure of a cold or cough (vide obs. 4). 

Se DESENRHUMER, Sllh- dlli - rjntg -reil- mai, 

vref. to get rid of one's cold or cough. 

Desenroler, dai-zang-roelai, va. 1 r. to 
disengage. 

Desenrouer, dai-zang-roo-ai, va. 1 r. to 
cure the hoarseness. 

Desensevelir, dai-zangsev-leer, va. 2 r. to 
disinter ; take out of its shroud. 

Desensorceler, dai-zang-sorsselai, va. 1 r. 
to cure of a spell or passion. 

DesenSORCELLEMext, da i -zang-sor - sell- 
mang, sm. breaking up of a charm or pas- 
sion. 

Desenteter, dai-zangtey-tai, va. 1 r. to put 
out of conceit ; unprejudice. 

Se desenteter, suh-dai-zang-tey-lai, vref. to 
lose one's prejudice. 

Desentortiller, dai-zang-tor-teyai, va. lr. 
to untwist. 

Desentkaver, dai-zang-trah-vai , va. 1 r. to 
unfetter. 

Desenvenimer, daizang-vuhne-mai, va. 1 r. 
to free from venom. 

Desert, dai-zair, sm. desert ; solitude ; re- 
tirement. 

Desert, -e, dai-zair, -t, adj. desert, solitary. 

Deserter, dai-zair-tai, va. 1 r. to desert ; 
forsake. 

Deserteur, dai-zair-tur, sm. deserter. 

Desertion, dai-zair -syong, sf. desertion ; 
forsaking. Desertion de cause, a nonsuit. 

Desespere, -e, dai-zesspai-rai, -e, sm/. and 
adj. desperate, hopeless ; furious man, wo- 
man. 

Desesperejient, dai-zess-pai-rai-maiig, ad. 
desperately, furiously, madly. 

DEsesperer, dai-zess-pai-rai, va. 1 r. to vex, 
provoke. 

Desesperer, daizess-pai-rai, vn. \r. to des- 
pair, despond. 

Se desesperer, suh-dai-zess-pai-rai,vref. to 
lose all hope ; vex, torment one's self. 

Desespoir, dai - zess • poo - ar, sm. despair; 
grief. Vest won desespoir, that vexes me. 

Deshabille, dnizah-be-yai, sm. undress ; 
morning-dress. 

Deshabiller, dai-zah-be-yai, va. 1 r. to un- 
dress. 

Se deshabiller, suh-dai-zah-be-yai, vref. to 
pull off one's clothes. 

Deshabituer, dai-zahbeteu-ai, va. 1 r. to 
disaccustom. 

Se deshabituer, suh-daizah-be-teu-ai, vref. 
to lose the habit or custom. 

Desheriter, dai-zaire-tai, va. \r. to disin- 
herit. 

Desheurer, dai-zuh-rai, va. 1 r. to change 
the hour. 

Deshonnete, dai-zo-neyte, adj. indecent, un- 
civil. 

DESHON'NfcTEMENT, daizo-neyte-mang, ad. 
indecently. 

Deshonnktete, dai-zo-neyte-tai, sf. indecen- 
cy ; dishonesty. 

Desiionneur, dai-zo-nur, sm. dishonor, dis- 
grace. 

Dishonorable, dai-zo-no-rahl, adj. dishon- 
orable. 

Deshonoraelement, dai -za-no- rah - biuJi- 
mang, ad. dishonorably, shamefully. 
151 



Deshonorer, dai-zo-no-rai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
honor, disgrace. 

Designation, dai-zeeng-yah-syong, sf. desig- 
nation. 

Designer, dai-zeeng-yai, va. 1 r. to describe; 
appoint. 

Desincorporer, dai-zaing-kor-po-rai, va. 
1 r. to disembody. 

Desinence, dai-ze-nangsse, sf. termination. 

Desinfatuer, dai-zaing-fah-teu-ai, va. 1 r. 
to wean of a prejudice or passion. 

Desinfecter, dai-zainff-feck-tai, va. 1 r. to 
free from infection ; purify. 

Disinfection, dai-zaing-feck-syong, .'./.clear- 
ing of infection. 

Desinteresse, -e, dai-zair.g-tai-ray-sai , -e, 
adj. disinterested, not selfish. 

DEsiNTERESSF.MENT,da£-zai/?<jf-ta£-? - e.ss-?/ia?i(7, 
sm. disinterestedness. 

Desinteresser, dai-zaing-tai-ruy-sai, va. 
1 r. to compensate. 

Desinviter, dai-zaing-ve-tai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
invite. 

Desir, dai-zeer, sm. desire, wish, longing. 

Desirable, dai-ze-rabl, adj. desirable, cove- 
table. 

Desirer, dai-ze-rai, va. 1 r. to desire, wish 
for, covet. II y a quelque chose a desirer, 
something wanting. 

Desiredx, -se, dai-zce-ruhe,-ze, adj. desirous, 
eager. 

Desistement, dai-zeess-tuh-mang, sm. desis- 
tance. 

Desister (se), suh-dai-zeess-tai, vref. 1 r. to 
desist, stop. 

Des-lors, deylor, ad. exp. from that time, 
moment. 

Desobeir a, dai-zo-bai-eer-ah, vn. 2r. to dis- 
obey. 

Desobeissance, dai-zo-bai-e-sangsse, sf. dis- 
obedience. 

Desobeissant, -e, dai-zo-bai-e-sang, -t, adj. 
disobedient. 

Desobligeamment, dai-zo-ble-hjah-mang, 
ad. disobliginglj\ 

Desobligeant, -e, dai-zo-blehjang , -t, adj. 
disobliging. 

Desobligeante, dai-zo-ble-hjangte, sf. nar- 
row carriage for one person, sulky. 

Desobliger, dai-zo-bleljai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
oblige, offend. 

Desoccupation, dai-zo-hu-pah-syong , sf. lei- 
sure. 

Desoccupe, -e, dai-zo-lcu-pai, -c, adj. disen- 
gaged. 

DesoccupeR (se), sidi-dai-zo-ku-pal, vr«f. lr. 
to rest from labor. 

Desceuvre, -e, dai-zu7ie-vrai, -e, adj. who 
has, or have nothing to do. 

Desceuvrement, dai-zuhe-vrult-mang, sm. 
want of employment. 

Desolant, -e, dai-zo-lang, -t, adj. sad, mel- 
ancholy. 

Desolateur, dai-zo-lahtur, sm. ravager. 

Desolation, dui-zodah-syong, sf. desolation; 
affliction. 

Desole, -e, dai - zo - lai, -e, adj. ravaged; 
deeply affected. 

Desoler, daizo-lai, va. 1 r. to ravage ; af- 
flict grievously. 

Desopiler, dai-zo-pedai, va. 1 r. to deob- 
struct, clear. 

Desokdonne, -e, dai-zor-do-nai, -e, adj. ir- 
regular ; excessive. 



DES 



DET 



Desordonnement, dai-zor-do-nai-mang, ad. 
disorderly. 

Desokdke, daizordr, sm. disorder, irregula- 
rity ; excess. 

Desokganisateur, dai-zorghah-ne-zah-tur, 

sm. subverter. 
Desorganiser, dai-zor-ghah-ne-zai, va. 1 r. 

to subvert. 
Desorienter, dai-zo-rc-yang-tai, va. 1 r. to 

mislead, confuse. 
Desormais, dai-zor-mey,ad. hereafter, hence- 
forth. 
Desossement, dui-zosse-mang, sm. separation 

of the bones. 
Desosser, dui-so-sai, va. 1 r. to take out the 

bones. 
DESPOTE,dess-j)o<,S7n. despot; absolute prince. 
Despotique, dess-po-teek, adj. absolute, un- 
limited. 
DespotiCjUEMENT, dess -po • teelc - mang, ad. 

despotically. 
Despotisme, dess-po-teessm, sm. absolute 

power. 
Despumation, desspeu-mah-si/ong, sf. clear- 
ing of the scum. 
Despumer, dess-peu-mai, va. 1 r. to clear off 

the scum. 
Dessaisir de (se), suh-day-say-zeer-duh, 

vref. 2 r. to give up, resign. 
Dessaisissement, day-suy-zeess-mang, sm. 

cession, disseizin. 
Dessaisonner, day-say-zo-nai, ra. 1 /■. to 

unseason land, change its annual rotation. 
Dessaler, day-suhdai, va. 1 r. to soak in 

water, divest of^alt. 
Dessangler, day -sang -glai, va. 1 r. to un- 

gird. 
Dessechant, -e, day-sai-shang, -t, adj. dasic- 

cative, drying. 
Dessechement, day-saish-mang, sm. drying 

up, draining. 
Dessecher, day-sai-shai, va. 1 r. to dry up, 

drain. 
Dessein, dai-saing, sm. design, intention. 
A dessein, ah day -suing, ad.exp. on purpose. 
Desselleu, day-saydai, va. 1 r. to unsaddle. 
Desserre, day-sayrc, sf. loosening of the 

purse-string. 
Desserre (dur, -e a. la), deur-ahdah-day- 

myre, idi. exp. adj. reluctant to part with 

one's money. 
Desserrer, day-say-rai, va. 1 r. to loosen ; 

open, let off. Desserrer un souj/iet, to give 

a cuff on the ear. 
Dessers, day-sair, pres. ind. of desscrvir, 

clear the table. 
Dessert, day-sair, sm. dessert, last course 

of a repast. 
Desserte, day-sairte, sf. remains of a meal ; 

clearing of the table. 
Desservant, day-sair-vang, sm. curate ; 

vicar. Pres. part, of desserrir, clearing 

the table. 
Dessekvir, dny-sair-veer, va. 2 irr. to clear 

the table ; huit ; do duty. 
Dessicatif, -ve, day-se-kah-teeff, -v, adj. 

drying. 
Dessii.ler i.es teux, day-se-yaidey-zyuhe, 

va. 1 r. to open the eyes ; undeceive. 
Se dessillek li.s yeux, suh-day-se-yai-ley- 

syuhe, vref. to see the truth, be undeceived. 
Dessin, day -suing, sm. drawing; theme. 
Dessinateur, day-se-nah-tur, sm. delineator, 
painter. 



Dessiner, day-sc-nai, va. 1 r. to design, 
sketch, draw. 

Dessoler, day-sodai, va. 1 r. to unsole ; 
change the annual rotation of culture. 

Dessouder, daysoo-dai, va. 1 r. to unsolder. 

Dessouler, day-soo-lai, va. 1 r. to sober. 

Dessous, duh-soQe, sm. bottom, disadvantage. 

Dessous, dufi-sooe, ad. aa&prep. under, be- 
neath. 

Dessus, duh-seu, sm. top; superiority. Pren- 
dre le dessus de quelqu'un, to take place 
above one. 

Dessus, duh-scue, ad. and prep, above, upon. - 

Destin, dai-staing, sm. destin, lot, fate. 

Destination, day-sle-nah-syong, sf. purpose, 
aim, end. 

Destinee, day-ste-nai, sf. destiny; doom. 

Destiner, day-ste-nai, va. 1 r. to appoint; 
devote. 

Destituable, day-ste-teu-aU, a Ij. remov- 
able. 

Destitue, -e, dai-sleteu-ai, -e, adj. destitute. 

Destituer, dai-ste-teu-ai, va. to depose, de- 
prive. 

Destitution, dai-ste-teu-syong, ."./.dismission, 
deprivation of office. 

Destructeur, dai-streuk-tur, sm. destroyer. 

Destuucteur, -trice, dai-streuk-tur, -ireess, 
smf. destructiye, destroying, ruinous. 

Destruction, day-streuk-syoug, sf. over- 
throw, ruin. 

Desuetude, dai-seuai-teud, sf. disuse. 

Desunion, dai-zeu-nyong, sf. disunion. 

Desunir, dai-zeu-neer, va. 2 r. to disjoin ; 
break off. 

Se desunir, suh-daizeu-neer, vref. to part. 

Detachement, dai -tash-mang, cm. disen- 
gagement. 

Detacher, dai-tah-shai, va. 1 r. to untie, 
take down, undo, disengage. 

Se detacher de, suh-dai-tdh-sJiai-duh, vref. 
to break off, get loose ; wean one's self. 

Detacher, dni-tuhshai, va. 1 r. to scour, 
wash off a stain. 

Detacheur, dai-tah-shur, sm. scourer. 

Detail, dai-tah-yuh, sm. particular account; 
retail. 

Detailler, dai-tah-yai, va. 1 r. to retail ; 
relate minutely. 

Detaillf.ur, dai-tah-yur, sm. retailer. 

Detaler, dai-lahdai, va. and n. 1 r. to pack 
up ; run away. 

Deteignant, dai-tai-ing-yan'g , pres. part, of 
deteindre, discoloring. 

Deteignis, dai-tai-ing-ye, pret. def. of de- 
teindre, discolored. 

Deteindre, dai-taingdr, va. 4 irr. to wash 
off the color or dye ; discolor. 

Se deteindre, svh-dai-taingdr, vref. to fade. 

Deteins, dai-taing, pres. ind. of deteindre, 
discolor. 

Deteint, -e, dai-taing, -t, p. part, of detein- 
dre, discolored. 

Deteler, daitdai, va. 1 r. to unyoke, un- 
harness. 

Detena.nt, dai-tuh-nang , pres. part, of detc- 
nir, detaining. 

Detendre, dai-tangdr, va. 4 r. to unbend ; 
relax. 

Detenir, dai-tuh-neer, va. 2 irr. to detain ; 

confine. 
Detente, dai-tangte, sf. trigger. 
Detenteur, -trice, dai-tang-tur,-lr<ess, smf. 
detainer. 

15<j 



DET 



DEV 



Detection, dai-tang-syong, sf. confinement; 
illegal possession. 

Detenu, -e, dai-tuh-neu, -e, p. part, of detc- 
■nir, detained. 

Deterger, dui-tair-hjai, va. 1 r. to cleanse 
a sore. 

Deterioration", dai-tai-re-yo-rah-syong, sf. 
making or getting worse. 

Deteriorer, dai-tai-re-yorai, va. 1 r. to de- 
grade, spoil, make worse. 

Se deteriorer, suh-daitai-re-yo-rai, vref. 
to get worse, spoil. 

Determination, dai-tair-me-nah-syong, sf. 
resolution ; decision. 

Determine, -e, dai-tair-me-nai, -e, adj. fix- 
ed; bold. 

Determine, dai-tair-me-nai, sm. bully. 

Determinement, dai-tair-me-nai-mang, ad. 
boldly, resolutely ; expressly. 

Determiner, dai-tair-me-nai, va. 1 r. to de- 
termine, resolve ; solve ; fix, conclude. 

Se determiner a, suh-dai-tair-me-nai-ali, 
vref. to come to a decision, resolve. 

Deterrer, dai-tay-rai, va. 1 r. to disinter ; 
find out. 

Detbrreur, dai-tay-rur, sm. discoverer. 

Detersif, -ve, dai-tair-serff, -i, adj. cleans- 
ing. 

Detestable, daitess-tahl,adj. hateful, odious. 

Detestaelement, dai-1'vn-lah-blu/i-maiiy, 
ad. hatefully, abominably. 

Detestation, dai-less-tahsyong, sf. abhor- 
rence, hatred. 

Detester, dai-tess-tai, va. 1 r. to hate, abhor. 

Detiendrai, dai-tyaing-drai, fut. of detenir, 
will detain. 

Detiendrais, dai-lyaing-drais, condit. of 
detenir, would detain. 

Detienne, dai-tyenn, pres. subj. of detenir, 
may detain. 

Detiennent, dai-tyenn, 3 pcrs. pi. pres. ind. 
of detenir, detain. 

Detiens, dai-tyaing, pres. ind. of detenir, 
detain. 

Detins, dai-taing, pret. def. of detenir, de- 
tained. 

Detirer, dai-te-rai, va. 1 r. to stretch, pull 
out. 

Detiser, dai-te-zai, va. 1 r. to put out the fire. 

Detisser, daite-sai, va. 1 r. to unweave. 

Detonation, dai-to-nah-syong, sf. loud burst. 

Detonner, dai-to-nai, vn. \ r. to explode, 
burst. 

Detonner, dai-to-nai, va. and n. 1 r. to be 
or sing out of tune. 

Detordre, dai-tordr, va. 4 irr. to untwist. 

Ss detordre, suh-dai-tordr, vref. to sprain. 
Se detordre le pied, to sprain one's foot. 

Detorquer, dai-tor-kai, va. 1 r. to distort. 

Detortiller. dai-tor-ie-yai, va. 1 r. to un- 
ravel, untwist. 

Detoupillonner, dai-too-pe-yo-nai, va. 1 r. 
to lop off. 

Detour, dai-toor, sm. winding ; evasion, sub- 
terfuge. 

Detourne", -e, dai-toor-nai, -e, adj. remote; 
hidden. 

Detourner, dai-toor-nai, va. 1 r. to mislead; 
withdraw, purloin, overstrain. Detourner 
le sens d'un passage, to wrest the sense. 

Se detourner, suh-dai-toor-nai, vref. to go 
out of one's way, stray. 

Detracter, dai-track-tai, va. n. 1 r. to slan- 
der. 

156 



Detracteur, dai-tracJc-tur, sm. slanderer. 

Detraction, dai-track-syong, sf. slander. 

Detraquer, dai-trah-kai, va. 1 ;•. to put out 
of order. 

Detrempe, dai-trangpc, sf. water-colors. 

Detremfer, dai-tra/ig-pai, va. 1 r. to dilute; 
soften. 

Detresse, dai-tress, sf. distress ; anguish. 

Detresser, dai-tray-sai, va. 1 r. to unbraid, 
uncurl. 

Detriment, dai-lre-mang, sm. loss, damage ; 
prejudice. 

Detroit, dai-troo-ah. sm. strait ; defile. 

DETROMrER, dai-tremg-pai, va. 1 r. to unde- 
ceive. 

Detronement, dai-t rone -many, sm. dethro- 
ning. 

Detroner, dai-tro-nai, va. 1 r. to dethrone. 

Detrousser, dai-troo-sai, va. 1 r. to untuck, 
rifle. 

Detrousseur, dai-troo-sur, sm. highway- 
man. 

Detruire, dai-treu-eer, va. 4 irr. to destroy ; 
ruin. 

Se detruire, suh-dai-treueer, vref. to kill 
one's self (vide obs. 4). 

Detruis, dai-treu-e, pres. ind. of detruire, 
destroy. 

Detruisant, dai-treu-e-zany, pres. part, of 
detruire, destroying. 

Detruisis, dai-treu-e-zee, pret. def. of de- 
truire, destroyed. 

Detruit, -e, dai-treu-ee, -t, p. part, of de- 
truire, destroyed. 

Dette, deti, .'//debt ; duty. 

Dette active, dett-akteec, sf. debt due from 
others. 

Dette passive, dett-pas-seev, sf. debt due to 
others. 

Deuil, dult-yuh, sm. mourning; grief. 

Deux, duke, sm. .and adj. two ; number two. 
Tons deux or tons les deux, both of these. 

Deux fois, dulie-foo-ah , sf. twice. 

DeuXIEME, duhe-zyem, adj. second. 

Deuxiemement, duhe-zyem-mang, ad. sec- 
ondly. 

Devaler, dai-vah-lai, va. n. 1 r. to descend 
from ; let down. . 

Devaliser, dai-van-le-sai, va. 1 r. to rob; 
strip. 

Devancer, dai-vang-sai, va. 1 r. to outstrip, 
precede ; excel. 

Devancier, -e, duh-vang-syai, -re, smf. pre- 
decessor. 

Devant, duh-vang, sm. front ; fore part. 

Devant, duh-vang, ad. prep, before, oppo- 
site ; in the presence of ; over against. 
Otez-vous de devant moi, stand out of my 
sight. Les premiers vont devant, first come 
first served. 

Devantiere, duh-vang-tyayre, sf. riding-pet- 
ticoat. 

Devastation, dai-vass-tali-syong, sf. waste, 
havoc, ruin. 

Devaster, dai-vass-tai, va. 1 r. to lay waste; 
plunder. 

Develofpement, daiv-lop-mang, sm. unfold- 
ing ; exposition, elucidation. 

Developper, daiv-lopai, va. 1 r. to unfold; 
elucidate. 

Devenant, duh-vuh-nang , pres. part, of de- 
venir, becoming. 

Devenir, duh-vuh-nccr, vn. 2irr. to become, 
grow. Faire devenir fou, to make mad. 



PEV 



DIA 



Devest;:::, dai-vang-tai, va. 1 r. to lose the 

,:1 by its shifting. 
Devesu, duhvuh-neu, p. part, of devenir, 

become. 
Devi e.n piiai, duh-vyaing-drai, fut. of deve- 
nir, will become. 

Deviendeais, duh-vyaing-drey, condit. cf 
■ lir, would become. 

Devienue, duhwyerm, pres. subj. of devenir, 
may bec< me. 

Detikitxext, -/"A-; •;/• ,i)i^3pers. pi. pres. ind. 
of devenir, become. 

Devien'S, duh-vyaing, pres. ind. of devenir, 
b :omc. 

Deyins, duh-vaing, pret. def. of devenir, bc- 
eame. 

Devekgonde, -e, dai-vair-gmtg-dai, -e, smf. 
and a//, impudent, shameless, lost to 
shame. 

DEVERROtrnXER, dai-vairo:)-yai, va. 1 r. to 
unbolt. 

DEVEBS, didi-vair, prep, towards, near to, 
about. 

Par deters, par-duh-vair, prep, by, in one's 
possession. 

Deters, -;:, dai-vair, se, adj. slant, oblique, 
crooke 1. 

Deverser, dai-vair-sai, vn. 1 r. to incline, 
lean ; reflect. 

Devetast (se), suh-dai-vey-tang, pres. part. 
of si ir, giving up. 

Devktiu ;?e), snh-dai-vey-teer, vref. to un- 
dress one's self; give up. 

Devetis (je me), hjiih-muh-dai-vey-tee, pret. 
def. of se deoetir, I pave up. 

DevCts (je me), dai-vey, pres. ind. of se de- 
vetir, I give up. 

DevStu, dai-vey-teu, p. part, of se devclir, 
given up, undressed. 

Deviation, dai-ve-yah-syong, sf. deviation ; 
misconduct. 

Dzvidage. dai-ve-dahje, sm. winding into 
balls or skeins. 

Devidzr, dai-ve-dai, va. 1 r. to wind up; 
disentangle, unravel. 

Devideur, -se, dai-oc-dar, -duhze, smf. wind- 
er. 

Devidoir, dai-ve-doo-ar, sm. reel, winder. 

Devieu, dai-vyai, va. n. 1 ?•. to deviate ; err ; 
go or lead astray. 

Devin, duh-oaing, sm. diviner ; conjecturer ; 
guesser. 

Deviser, duh-ve-nai, ra. n. 4 r. to divine, 
guess. • 

Detineresse, duh-veen-ress, sf. divinercss. 

Devixel'R, -se, duh-ve-niir, -nuhzc, smf. for- 
tune-teller, conjurer, cheat. 

Devis, duh-vee, sm. talk ; chat ; plan ; esti- 
mate. 

Devisager, dai-vc-zah-hjai, va. 1 r. to deface, 
disfigure. 

Devise, duh-veez*-, tf. motto, device, enigma. 

Deviser, duh-ve-zai, vn. 1 r. to talk, dis- 
course familial ly. 

Devoiejient, ''■'/. to-ah-mang, sm. diarrhoea, 
flux. 

Devoilt.me.vt, dai-voo-all-mang, sm. exposi- 
tion, display. 

Dbtoileb, dai-voo-ah-lai, va. 1 r. to unveil ; 
expose. 

Se dEvoiler, sxih-dai-voo-ah-lai, vref. to pull 
off the mask ; show one's self off. 

Devoir, duh-uoo-ar, sm. duty; office; task : 
vide obs. C). 



Devoir, duh-vothar, ra. n. 2 r. to owe ; be 
obliged. II doit venir aujourd'hui, he is to 
come to-day. Diit-il m'en cottier la vie, 
though I were to lose my life for it. // d 
avoir bien froid, he must be very cold. 
Vous deviez /aire tela, you ought to do that. 

Detolb, dai-vul, tf. not a single trick, at 
cards. 

Devout, -E, dai-vodeu, -c, adj. devolved, es- 
cheated (vide obs. 4). 

DEVOLC, dai-vodeu, sm. possession of a living 
in the interim (vide obs. 4). 

Devolution, dai-vodeu-syony, sf. acquest of 
a forfeited right or possession. 

Deyorant, -e, dai-vo-rany, -t, adj. devonr- 
ing, voracious. 

DETORATE0R, -trice, dai-vo-rah-tttr, -ireess, 
smf. devourer. 

Devouer, dai-vo-rai, va. 1 r. to devour, con- 
sume ; absorb ; stifle ; covet. 

Devot, -e, dai-vo, -t, adj. devout, pious, re- 
ligious. 

Devotemen'T, dai-vot-many, ad. devoutly, 
piously. 

Devotiox, dai-vo-syony, sf. devotion, piety ; 
command. 

Devouejient, dai-vooe.-many, sm. implicit 
submission ; attachment ; love. 

Devouer, dai-voo-ai, va. hr. to devote, ded- 
icate. 

Se devouer, svli-dai-roa-ai, vref. to abandon, 
give one's self up entirely to. 

Devote, -e, dai-voo-ah-yai, -e, smf. and adj. 
led astray ; circuitous (vide obs. G). 

Devotee, dai-voo-ah-yai, va. 1 r. to mislead. 

Dexterite, de.eks-tai-re-tui, sf. dexterity, 
cleverness, skill. 

Diagle, dyalibl, sm. devil ; hold, enterprising 
man. Vest lit le diable, there lies the diffi- 
culty. 

Diablement, dya7i-blu7i-many, ad. devilish- 
ly ; excessively, in profusion. 

Diahlerie, dyah-bluh-ree, sf. sly or wicked 
trick, action, cheat ; witchcraft. 

Diaelesse, dyah-bless, sf. scold, shrew, ter- 
magant. 

Diablotix, dyah-blo-taing, sm. little devil ; 
imp ; mischievous child, Ac. 

Diabloti>"S, dyah-blo-tuinyh, smp. chocolate- 
lozenges. 

Diabolique, dyah-bo-lee7c, adj. diabolical, 
wicked, mischievous. 

Diaboliqueme>'T, dyah-bodeelc-mang, ad. 
diabolically. 

Diacode, de-yahdcod, sm. syrup of poppies. 

Diaconat, dyah-ho-nah, sm. deaconship. 

Diaco.nesse, dyah-ko-nrss, sf. deaconess, fe- 
male officer in the primitive church. 

Diacre, dyahder, sm. deacon. 

Diademe, de-yah-deyme, sm. diadem; crown; 
royalty. 

I'iagnostique, deyah-gnosse-leelt, sf. and 
adj. particular symptom ; symptomatica!. 

Di agon" ale, de-yah-go-nal, sf. line from angle 
to angle. 

Diagonalemen'T, de-yah-yo-nal-many, ad. 
diagonally. 

Diaiue, de-yayre, adj. f. ephemeral, of a day. 

Dialects, dyahdeckt, sm. dialect, idiom, 
speech. 

Dialectictex, dyahdeeh-te-syainy, sm. gram- 
marian ; logician. 

Dialectique, dyahdech-teeic, sf. logic, art of 
reasoning. 

157 



DIF 



DIL 



DlALECTIQUEMENT, (hjall-lcclc-tt tk-mang, ad. 

in a logical manner. 

Dialogue, dyah-log, sm. dialogue, interlocu- 
tion. 

Dialoguer, di/ah-lo-gai, rn.n. 1 r. to write 
or introduce dialogues ; debate. 

Diamant, dyah-mang, sm. diamond ; jewel. 

Diamantaire, dyah-mavg-tai i c, sm. dia- 
mond cutter or teller, lapidary. 

Diametral, -e, dyah-mai-lral, adj. diame- 
tral. 

Diametralement, dyah-mai-trahmang, ad. 
diametrically ; directly. 

Diametre, dyah-mettr, sm. diameter, equal 
intersection. 

Diantre, dyang-lr, int. the deuce ! 

Diapason, dya'-pah-zong, sm. octave, perfect 
concord. 

Diafiiane, dyah-fan, adj. transparent, pel- 
lucid. 

Diaphaneite, dydh-fah-nai-e-tai, sf. transpa- 
rency. 

Diapkoretique, dyah-fo-rai-teek, adj. sudo- 
rific. 

Diaphragms, dyah-fragm, sm. midriff, mid- 
dle division. 

Diapre, -e, de-yah-prai, -e, adj. variegated, 
diversified. 

Diarrhee, de-ydh-raie, sf. diarrhoea, flux. 

Diastole, de-yass-tol, sf. lengthening of a 
short syllable ; dilatation. 

Diatomuue, de-yah-lo-netk, adj. ascending 
with progressive sounds. 

Dichotomie, de-ko-to-mte, sf. half of the 
moon. 

Dictame, deek-tam, sm. dittany. 

Dictamen, deek-tah-mang, sm. inward con- 
sciousness. 

Dictateur, deek-tahtur, sm. dictator, person 
of authority. 

Dictature, deek-tah-teur, sf. dictatorship ; 

authority (vide obs. 4). 
..Dictee, deekdaie, sf. dictation, writing of a 
lecture or course. 

Dicter, deek-tai, va. 1 r. to dictate, pro- 
nounce distinctly every word taken down. 

Diction, deek-synnq, sf. style, expression. 

Dictionnaire, deek-syo-nayie, sm. diction- 
ary. 

Dicton", deeli-tong, sm. maxim, saying, pro- 
verb. 

DiDACTiQUE, de-dack-teek, adj. preceptive, 
instructive. 

Dierese, de-yai-rayze, sf. solution ; separa- 
tion of syllables. 

Diese, de-yayze., sm. and adj. semitone, 
rising by semitones ; sharp. 

Diete, dyayte, sf. diet ; assembly of princes. 

OlETE (faire), faire-dyayte, v. 4 irr. to tat 
little, abstain from food. 

Dieu, dyuh, sm. God, supreme being, creator. 
Ell? jura ses grands dieux, she swore by all 
that is sacred. Les dieux paiens, heathen 
deities. 

Diffakant, -e, de-fah-mang, -t, adj. censo- 
rious. 

Diffamatecr, de-fah-mah-tur, sm. defamer, 
calumniator. 

Diffamation, de-fah-mah-syong, sf. calum- 
ny. 

Diffamatoire, de-fah-mah-too-ar, adj. de- 
famatory, calumnious (vide obs. G). 

Diffamer, de-fah-mai, va. 1 r. to defame, 
dishonor, belie. 
158 



Differemment, de-fai-rali-mang, ad. differ- 
ently. 

Difference, de-fai-rangsse, sf. difference ; 
distinction. 

Differencier, de-fai-rang-syai, va. 1 r. to 
distinguish. 

Different, de-fai-rang, sm. dispute; quarrel; 
debate. 

Different, -e, de-fai-rang, -t, adj. different, 
unlike ; various. 

Differer, de-fai-rai, va.n. 1 r. to defer, de- 
lay ; differ. 

Difficile, de-fe-seel, sm. difficulty, objection. 

Difficile a, de-fe-seci-uh, adj. difficult, hard, 
puzzling. 

Difficilement, de-fe-seel-manq, ad. with 
difficulty. 

Difficulte, de-fe-kuletai, sf. obstacle ; diffi- 
culty, objection ; obscurity ; question. 

Difficultulux, -se, de-fe-kule-leu-nhe, -ze, 
adj. captious (vide obs. 4). 

Difforme, de-form, adj. deformed, ugly, dis- 
figured. 

Dif former, de-for-mai, va. 1 r. to deform, 
disfigure. 

Difformite, de-for-me-tai, sf. ugliness; ir- 
regularity. 

DiffcS, -E, de-feu, -ze, adj. diffuse, long. 

Diffusement, de-feu-zai-mang, ad. diffusely. 

Diffusion, de-feu-zyong, sf. copiousness, ex- 
uberance (vide obs. 4). 

Digeste, de-hjest, sm. ancient code of laws, 
pandect. 

Digestif, -ve, de-Jijess-tecf, -v, adj. causing 
digestion. 

Digestion, de-ljess-tyong, sf concoction ; ex- 
ecution, digestion. 

Digitale, de-hje-tal, sf. fox-glove. 

Digne, deenq-ynh, adj. worthy ; conformable 
to. 

Digne DE FOI, decng-yuli-duh-foo-ah, adj. 
credible (vide obs. 6). 

Digne.mknt, deeng-yuh-mang, ad. worthily; 
very well. 

Dignitaire, deeng ye-tayre, sm. dignitary ; 
state-officer. 

Dignite, deeng-ye-lai, sf. dignity ; prefer- 
ment ; rank. 

Digression, de-gray -syong, sf. transition, de- 
viation. 

Digue, deeg, sf. causeway ; bank ; impedi- 
ment. 

Dilaceration, de-lah-sai-rah-syony, sf. tear- 
ing in two. 

Dilacerer, de-lah-sai-rai, va. 1 r. to tear, 
rend. 

Dilapidation, de-lah-pe-dah-syong, sf. fool- 
ish expense ; embezzlement of the public 
money. 

Dilapidf.r, de-lah-pe-dai, va. 1 r. to lavish 
money foolishly ; rob the public money. 

Dilatation, de-lah-tah-syong, sf. extension ; 
increase. 

Dilater, de-laJi-tai, va. 1 r. to extend, ex- 
pand. 

Dilatoire, de-lah-too-ar, adj. tardy, slow, 
causing delays (vide obs. 6). 

DiLEjrME, de-lemm, sin. dilemma ; difficulty. 

Diligemment, de-le-hjah-mang, ad. diligent- 
ly- 

Diligence, de • le - hjangsse, sf. assiduity, 
quickness ; expeditious public coach. 

Diligent, -e, de-le-hjang, -t, adj. assiduous, 
active, attentive. 



DIE 



DIS 



Diligenter, de-le-hjang-tai, va. and n. 1 r. 
to hasten, speed. 

Se diligenter, suh-dede-hjang-lai, vref. to 
make haste. 

Dimanche, itp-maiifjahe, sm. Sunday. 

r>i.ME, deem, sf. tithes. 

Dimension, de-many-syony, sf extent, bulk ; 
capacity. 

Diminuf.r, de-me-7WU-ai, va. 1 r. to dimin- 
ish. Diininw '■>• de voiles, to shorten sail. 

Diminutif, -ve, <l<-me-ncu-tr<-f, -v, aitj. small, 
little (vide obs. 4). 

Piminutif, de-me-neurte*f, sm. word expres- 
sing littleness, sruallness, as follette from 
folle. 

DIMINUTION, de-mc-neu-syong, sf. decrease 
(vide obs. -j). 

DlMISSOlRE, dr-me-soo-ar, sm. dimissory let- 
ter (vide obs. 6;. 

DlMISSORIAL, -e, de-me-to-ryal, adj. dimis- 
sory. 

DlNANDEBIE, de-nangde-ree, sf. copper-ware. 

Dinandieu, de-nang-dpai, sm. brasier, seller 
of copper-ware. 

DlNDE, daingde, sf. turkey -ben ; ninny. 

Di>'DO>", daing-dong, sm. turkey-cock; ninny. 

DlNDoNNEAU, -X, p. daing-do-no, -e, p. sm. 
turkey -pout ; young fool ; simpleton. 

DlNDONNIER, -E, dniny-do-nyai, -re, sm/. 
seller or keeper of turkeys. 

Pine or DINER, dee-nai, sm. dinner. 

Dinee, dce-nnie, sf. place, expense of dinner. 

i)i>"Ei:, dee-nai, vn. 1 r. to dine. 

Diocesain, -e, de-yo-sai-zaing, -zain, sm/. 
and adj. diocesan, of the diocese. 

DlOCESE, de-yo-sayze, sm. bishop's jurisdic- 
tion. 

Pioptrique. de-yop-treek, sf. science of the 
reflection of light. 

Diphthongue, deef-Umg-gue, sf. diphtliong. 

Diplomatique, de-plo-mo-teek, adj. diplo- 
ruatical. 

Diflomk, dfi-plome, sm. diploma, certificate 
of a privilege. 

Dire, deer, va. iirr. to say, tell, speak, re- 
cite ; relate; mean; scold; prescribe; 
warn. Ceta ne dit rien, that is nothing to 
the purpose. Qu'cst-ce que cela cent dire, 
what signifies that ? Je nesais que dire de 
tout cela, I do not know what to think of 
all that. Dire aa logon, to recite. 

Dike (sans), song-deer, ad. exp. quite natu- 
ral, simpk'. 

Dire (c'est-a.-), sey-tah-deer, ad. exp. that is 
to say. 

Se dike, suh-deer, vref. to give one's self out 
for. 

Dire, deer, sm. word, assertion, saying, re- 
port. 

Dire de (au), o-deer-duh, prep, according to. 

Direct, -e, de-reckt, -t, adj. straight, direct. 

Directement, de-recli-tvh-mang, ad. direct- 
l.v. 

Diuecteur, -trice, de-reck-iur, -treesn, xmf. 
director, governess, manager, superintend- 
ent. 

Direction, de-recli-syong, sf. conduct ; ten- 
dency. 

Directoire, de-reak-too-ar, sm. directory, 
guide (vide obs. f>). 

DikYger, de-re-hjai, va. 1 r. to direct, con- 
duct, rule. 

Se DTRIGER vers, suh-de-re-ijai-vair, vref. 
to walk towards ; aim at. 



Dirimant, -e, de-re-mang, -(. adj. annulling, 
dissolving. 

Pis, dee, pies. ir.d. andpret. def. of dire, say, 
said. 

DlSANT, de-zang, pres. part, of dire, tc'.ling. 

DiSANT (bie.n), by aing -de-zang, adj. m. well 
spoken, eloquent. 

DlSCALE, deess-kal, sm. tare and tret, allow- 
ance for waste. 

DlSCERNBMEKT, dc-sairn-many, sm. judg- 
ment. 

Discerner, de-sair-nai, va. 1 r, to discern, 
judge. 

Disciple, deseepl, sm. disciple, scholar, pu- 
pil. 

Disciplinable, de-se-ple-nahl, adj. capable 
of instruction. 

Discipline, de-sepleen, sf. education ; cor- 
rection. 

Discipliner, de-se-ple-nai, va. 1 r. to edu- 
cate ; chastise. 

Discontinuation, Seem - hong -te- neu -ah- 
syong, sf interruption, breaking off. 

DlSCONTINUER, deess-kiiny-te-nen-ni . va. 1 r. 

to leave off ; cease ; give over (vide obs. 4). 
Disconvenance, deess- kongce- nangxse, tf, 

disproportion, inequality ; difference. 
Disconvenant, deess-konff'Vuh-nang, pres. 

part, of disconvenir, denying'. 
Disconvenir de, deess-Icong-vuh-neer-duh, 

vn. 2 irr. to deny ; be unsuitable. 
Disconvenu, deess-kong-vuh-fieu, p. part, cf 

disconvenir, denied. 
Disconviendrai, deess - long - vyaing - drai, 

fut. of disconvenir, will deny. 
DlSCON'VIENDRAlS, deeSS-kong-V ;/" in f] -drey, 

condit. of disconvenir, would deny. 
Disconvienne, deess-kony-vyenn, pres. subj. 

of discorivenir, may deny. 
Disconviennent, deess-kong-vyenn, 3 pers. 

pi. pres. ind. of disconvenir, deny. 
Disconviens, deess-kong-vyaing, pres. ind. 

of disconvenir, deny. 
Disconvins, deess-hong-va&ng, pret. def. of 

disconvenir, denied. 
Discord, deess-kor, sm. discord ; disagree- 
ment. 
Discord, -e, deess-kor, -d, adj. discordant ; 

out of tune. 
Discordant, -e, deess-kor-dany, -t, adj. in- 
harmonious. 
DlSCORDE, deess-J.ord, sf. discord, dissension, 

strife. 
Discorder, deess-kor -dai, vn. 1 r. to be out 

of tune, jar. 
Discourant, deess-koo-rang, pres. part, of 

discourir, discoursing. 
Discocreur, -se, detss-koo-rur, ruhze, smf. 

great talker, chatterer, prater. 
Discourir, deess-koo-reer, vn. 2 rrr. to con- 
verse, talk. 
DlSCOURRAI, deess-koor- rai, fut. of discourir, 

will talk. 
Discourrais, deess-koor-rey, condit. of dis.- 

tourir, would converse. 
DlSCOURS, deess-koor, pres. ind. of discourir, 

discourse. 
Discours, deess-koor. sm. discourse, speech, 

conversation. // tient cPe'tranges discours, 

lie talks strangely. 
DisCOURTOIS, -u, deew-hoor-too-nh, -se, adj. 

discourteous, uncivil, rude (vide obs. • . 

DlSCOURTOISIB, deess -];oor - too - nil -zee, sf. 
rudeuess, incivility, discourtesy. 

159 



DIS 



DIS 



DiscoURU, deess-JtQO-reu, p. part, of discou- 
rir, discoursed. 

Discourus, deess-koo-reu, pret. def. of dis- 
rourir, conversed. 

Discredit, deess-krai-de, sm. discredit, want 
of trust. 

Discret, -e, deess-kray, -t, adj. prudent, 
wise, modest. 

Discketement, deess-Jcrai- tuh -mang, ad. 
discreetly. 

Discretion, deess-krai-syong, »/. prudence, 
self-command ; wisdom. 

Disculper, deess kule-pai, va. 1 r. to excul- 
pate, clear. 

Discussion, deess-ku-syong, sf. examination ; 
debate. Dismission de lien.", distraining of 
goods. 

Discuter, deess-ku-tai, va. 1 r. to discuss, 
examine, debate ; distrain. 

Disert, -e, de-zair, -t, adj. eloquent ; learn- 
e 1, copious. 

Disertement, de-zairie-martg, ad. eloquent- 
ly, learnedly ; at large. 

Disette, de-zett, sf. want, scarcity, famine. 

Disetteux, -se, de-zay-tuhe, -ze, adj. needy, 
in want. 

Diseur, -SE, de-zur, -zulize, sm/. teller; 
(iron.) Cue speaker. 

Disgrace, deess-grahsse, sf disgrace; mis- 
fortune. 

Disgracie, -e, deess-grah-syai, -e, adj. out 
of favor; deformed. 

Disgracier, deess-grah-syai, va. 1 r. to 
withdraw one's favor, protection from. 

DiSGRACiETJSEMENT,deex*-9rn/(-N,y«7i5e-?»07»,7, 
ad. ungraciously, unpleasantly. 

Disgracieux, -SE, deess-grah-syuhe, -ze, adj. 
disagreeable. 

Disjoignant, deess-hjoo-ah-ing-yang, pres. 
part, of disjaindre, disjoining. 

Disjoignis, deess-hjao-ah-ing-ye, pret. def. 
of disjoindre, disjoined. 

Disjoindre, deess-hjoo-aingdr, va. 4 irr. to 
separate, sunder. 

Se disjoixdre, suh-deess-Jijoo-aingdr, vref. 
to fall in pieces. 

Disjoins, deess-hjoo-aing, pres. ind. of dis- 
joindre, disjoin. 

Disjoint, -e, deess-hjoo-aing, -f, p. part, of 
disjoindre, disjoined. 

Disjonctif, -ve, deess-Jijongke-teijf, -v, sm/. 
and adj. disjunctive. 

Disjonction, deess-hjongke-syong, sf part- 
ing, separation. 

Dislocation, deess-lo-kah-syong, s/. joint put 
out. 

Disloquer, deess lo-kai, va. 1 r. to put out 
of joint ; divide, disperse ; puzzle. 

Disparais, deess -pah- rey, pres. ind. of dis- 
paraitre, disappear. 

Disparaissant, deess - pah - ray - sang ', pres. 
part, of disparaltre, disappearing. 

Disparaitre, deess-jjah-reytr, vn. 4 irr. to 
disappear, vanish. 

Disparate, deess-pali-rat, sf. and adj. in- 
congruity ; ill-suited, unconnected. 

Disparite, deess-pah-re-tai, sf. inequality, 
difference. 

Disparition, deess-palt-re-syong, s/. disap- 
pearance. 

DiSPAEU, deess- pah -rea, p. part, of dis- 
p-irallre, disappeared. 

Disparus, deess-pah-reu, pret. def. of dis- 
paraltre, disappeared. 
' 1G0 



Dispendieux, -SE, deess-pang-dy uhe, -ze, adj. 
expensive. 

Dispensaire, deess-pang-'sayre, sm. dispen- 
satory ; dispensary. 

Dispensateur, -trice, deess-pang-sdh-tur, 
treess, sm/. distributer, dispenser. 

Dispensation, deess-pang-sah-syong, s/. dis- 
tribution. 

Dispense, deess-pangsse, sf. exemption ; per- 
mission. 

Dispenser, deess-pang-sai, va. 1 r. to ap- 
point; distribute; exempt; weigh; prepare. 

Se dispenser, suh-deess-pang-sai, vre/. to 
excuse or exempt one's self from ; forbear. 

Disperser, deess-pair-stii, va. 1 r. to scat- 
ter ; disorder ; squander ; separate. 

Dispersion, dtess-pair-syong, sf. scattering, 
spreading. 

Dispos, deess-poe, adj. m. nimble, active, 
healthy, ready. 

Disposer, deess-po-zai, va. 1 r. to arrange, 
prepare ; induce. Je me dispose entiere- 
nient, I am resolved on it. 

Se disposer a, suh-deess-po-zai-dh, vre/. to 
prepare one's self to. 

Dispositif, deess-po-ze-teejf, sm. intent of a 
decree. 

Dispositif, -ve, deess-po-ze-teejf, -v. adj. pre- 
paratory. 

Disposition, deess-po-se-syong, sf. order, de- 
sign, tendency; inclination; fitness. 

Disproportion, deess-pro-por-syong, sf. un- 
suitableness ; disparity ; inequality. 

Disproportionne, -e, deess ■ pro - por • syo- 
nai, -e, adj. unsuitable, incongruous; ab- 
surd. 

Disproportionner, dress-pro-por-syo-nai, 
va. 1 r. to disproportion ; join unsuitable 
things. 

Disputable, deess-peu-tabl, adj. controverti- 
ble (vide obs. 4). 

Dispute, deess-peut, sf. contest, quarrel. 

Disputer, deess-peu-tai, va. and ?!. 1 r. to 
contend; debate; quarrel. 

Disputeur, deess-peu-tur, sin. arcruer. 

Disque, dees?,; sm. coit ; disk ; face of the 
sun or planet. 

Disquisition, deess-ke-ze-syong, s/. disputa- 
tive inquiry. 

Dissecteur, de-seck-lur, sm. anatomist. 

Dissection, de-seck-syong, sf. anatomy, dis- 
section. 

Dissemblable, de-sang -blab!, adj. dissimilar, 
unlike. 

Dissemblance, de - sang -blangsse, sf dissi- 
militude. 

Disseminer, de-sai-me-nai, va. 1 r. to scat- 
ter, spread. 

Dissension, de-sang-syong, sf. discord, strife ; 
dissent. 

Dissequer, dc-sai-kai, va. 1 r. to dissect; 
examine minutely. 

Disseciueur, de-sai-kur, sm. anatomist ; 
analyzer. 

Dissertateur, de-sair-taJi-tur, sm. expound- 
er, haranguer. 

Dissertation, de-sair-tah-syong, s/. minute 
controversy. 

Disserter, de-sair-lai, va. 1 r. to discourse ; 
examine minutely. 

DissmiLAiRE, de-se-mcdayre, adj. dissimi- 
lar, unlike. 

Dissimulateur, -trice, de-se-meu-lah-tur, 
-treess, sm/. dissembler ; hypocrite. 



DIS 



DIV 



Dissimulation, de-se-meu-lah-syong, sf. dis- 
sembling ; hypocrisy (vide obs. 4). 

DlSSIMULE, -E. de-se-meu-lai, -e, adj. crafty, 
canning, artful (viile obs. 4). 

Dissimuler, dese-meti'Iai, ra. and n. 1 >■. to 
hide, disguise, feign ; play the hypocrite. 

Dissipateur, -thick, de-se-pah-tur, 4reess, 
mil/, spendthrift. 

Dissipation, de-se-pdhsyotig, sf. dispersion, 
waste ; prodigality ; debauch. 

DlSSiPER, de-se-pai, va. 1 r. to lavish, scat- 
ter ; distract ; relieve ; relax ; drive away. 

Sedissiper, suh-de-se-pai, vref. to take some 
relaxation ; disperse, disappear, vanish. 

DlSSOLU, -E, deso-leti, -e, adj. dissolute, de- 
bauched (vide obs. 4). 

Dissoluble, de-so-leubl, adj. separable, dis- 
soluble (vide cbs. 4). 

Dissolument, de-so-leue-manff, ad. looselj-. 

Dissolutif, -ve. de-KO-leu-teeff, -v, adj. dis- 
solving, melting (vide obs. 4). 

Dissolution, deso-leusyong, sf. separation, 
debanch (vide obs. 4). 

Dissolvant, de-sol-vang, pres. part, of dis- 
soudre, dissolving. 

Dissolvant, -e, de-sol-vang, -t, smf. tmdadj. 
dissolvent ; melting-. 

Dissonnance, de-so-nanghsse, sf. dissonance, 
discord. 

DlSSONNAHT, -e, de-so-nang, -t, adj. discord- 
ant, out of tune. 

Dissoudre. de-soodr, va. 4 irr. to melt ; 
abolish; dismiss; break; annul; dissolve. 

Dissous, de-soo, pres. ind. of dissoudre, dis- 
solve. 

Dissous, -te, de-soo, -t, p. part, of dissoudre, 
dissolved. 

Disscader, de-seu-ah-dai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
suade (vide obs. 4). 

Dissuasion, de-seu-ah-~yong, sf. dissuasion 
(vide obs. 4). 

Dissvllabe, de-se-lab, sm. And. adj. dissylla- 
ble, of two syllables. 

Distance, deess-tangsse, sf. distance ; differ- 
ence. 

Distant, -e, deess-tang, -t, adj. remote, re- 
moved far off. 

Distension, deees-fang-sgong, sf. distention, 
extension. 

Distillatecr, deess-te-Iah-tur, sm. distiller, 
extractor. 

Distillation, deess-te-lah-syong, sf. distilla- 
tion ; extraction. 

Distiller, deess-te-lai, va. 1 r. to draw by 
distillation. 

Se distiller en larmes, eiih-deess-te-lai- 
ang-larmhe, idi. exp. vref. to melt into 
tears. 

Distinct, -e, deess-taingkt, -t, adj. different, 
apart ; clear. 

Distinctement, deess-taingke-tuh-mang, ad. 
in a distinct manner, clearly. 

Distinctif, -ve, dtess-taing'ke-teeff, -v, adj. 
distinctive. 

Distinction, deess-taingke-syong, sf. distinc- 
tion ; difference ; rank ; superiority ; expo- 
sition. 

Distinguer, deess-taing-gai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
cern ; note ; judge. 

Se distinguer, suh-deess-taing-gai, vref. to 
be eminent ; make one's self known. 

Distique, deess-teeck, sm. distich. 

Distortion, deess-tor-syong, sf. contortion, 
limb out of joint. 



Distraction, deess-tracksyong, sf. inatten- 
tion ; separation ; absence ofmind. 

Distraire, deess-trayre, va. -J irr. to sepa- 
rate ; perplex ; dissuade. 

Se distraire, suh-deess-trayre, vref. to relax 
one's mind. 

Distrats, deess-trey, pres. ind. of distraire, 
distract. 

Distrait, -e, dress-trey, -t, p. part, of d\s- 
traire, distracted. 

Distrait, -e, diess-lray, -t, adj. inattentive ; 
absent ofmind. 

Distrayant, deess-trai-yang, pres. part, of 
distraire, distracting. 

Distribuer, deess-tre-beu-ai, ra. 1 r. to set 
in order ; divide ; bestow, grant. 

Distkieuteur, -trice, deess - tre -beu - tur, 
-treess, smf. divider ; bestower ; distributer. 

DlSTRIBUTIF, -VE, deess-tre-beu-tm fY , -v, adj. 
distributive (vide obs. 4). 

DISTRIBUTION, deess-tre-beu-syong, Sf. distri- 
bution, division. 

District, deess-treek, sm. district, circuit of 
authority. 

Dit, de, sm. saying, maxim, proverb ; one's 
word. 

Dit, -e, de, deet, adj. done, concluded, 
settled ; surnamed. Un dit, it is reported. 
Le sermon est dit, the sermon is done. 

Dit, -e, dee, -t, p. part, of dire, told. 

Dites (vous), voo-deet, 2 pers. pi. pres. ind. 
of dire, you say. 

Ditiiyramee, de-te-rangbe, sm. song in hon- 
or of Bacchus ; ode in irregular stanzas. 

Diton, de-tong, sm. interval of two tones. 

Diuretique, de-yu-rai-teek, adj. diuretic. 

Diurnal, de-yure-nal, sm. book of prayers 
for every day. 

Diurne, de-yurne, adj. diurnal, daily, ephem- 
eral. 

Divaguer, de-vah-gai, wi. 1 r. to ramble; 
digress. 

Divan, de-vanq, sm. divan ; council ; assern- 
bly. 

Divergent, -e, de-r air -h Jang, -t, adj. part- 
ing from one point. 

Divers, -e, de-rair, -se, adj. different, un- 
like : plur. many. 

Diversement, de -vairse -mang, ad. di- 
versely. 

Diversifier, de-vair-se-fyai, va.l r. to varie- 
gate, change. 

Diversion, de-vair-syong, sf. diversion ; re- 
laxation. 

Diversite, de-vair-se-tai, sf. variety, differ- 
ence. 

Divertir, de-vair-teer, va. 2 r. to turn off, 
embezzle. 

Divektir, de-vair-teer, va. 2 r. to divert, 
amuse, please. 

Se divertir, suh-de-vair-teer, vref. to amuse 
one's self. 

Se divertir de, suh-d> -ru i r-tcer-duh, vref. 
to laugh at. 

Divertissant, -e, de-vair-te-sang, -t, adj. 
amusing, comical. 

Divertissement, de. - vair- teess - mang, sm. 
amusement, recreation. 

Dividende, de-re-dangde, sm. share ; num- 
ber to be divided. 

Divin, -e, de-raing, -veen, adj. divine ; of 
God ; excellent. 

Divinateur, -trice, de-ve-nah-tur, -treess, 
smf. prophet, seer, diviner. 

1C1 



DOG 



DOM 



Divination, de-ve-nah-tyong, sf. prediction ; 
conjuration. 

Divinement, de-veen-mang, ad. divinely ; 
perfectly. 

Diviniser, de-ve-ne-zai, va. 1 r. to deify ; 
praise excessively. 

Divinite, dc-ve-nc-tai, sf. divinity, God ; 
deity ; beauty. 

Diviser, de-vee-zai, va. 1 r. to divide, sepa- 
rate, part. 

Diviseur, de-ve-zur, sm. divisor, divider. 

Divisibility, de-ve ze-be-U-tai, sf. divisibility. 

Divisible, de-ve-zeebl, adj. separable, sus- 
ceptible of division. 

Division, de-ve-zt/ong, sf. division ; partition, 
discord, misunderstanding. 

Divorce, de-vorsse, sm. separation, disunion, 
dissolution of marriage. 

Divorcer, de-vor-sai, in. 1 r. to be divorced, 
separated. 

Divulgation, de-veul-ghahsyong, sf. divul- 
ging ; publication. 

Divulguer, de-reul-gai, va. 1 r. to make 
public, proclaim. 

Dix, dee, before a consonant ; dcez, before a 
vowel ; deess, final ; am. and adj. ten. 

Dix-huit, decz-eu-eet, sm. and adj. eighteen 
(vide obs. 4). 

Dix-huitieme, deez-eu-eet-ycm, ord. adj. 
eighteenth (vide obs. 4). 

Dixieme, de-zyem, sm. and ord. adj. tenth. 

Dixiemement, dee-zyem-mang, ad. tentlily. 

Dix-neuf, deez-nnf. sm. and adj. nineteen. 

Dix-neuvieme, deez-nuh-vyem, sm. and ord. 
adj. nineteenth. 

Dix-sept, deess-sett, sm. and adj. seventeen. 

Dix-seftieme, deess-say-tyem, sm. and ord. 
adj. seventeenth. 

Dizain, de-zaing, sm. stanza of ten verses. 

Dizaine, de-zain, sf. ten, ten things, tithing. 

Dizeau, -x, p. de-zo, -e, p. sm. heap of ten 
sheaves of corn, «tc. 

Docile, do-seell, adj. gentle, tractable, teach- 
able. 

Docilite, do-sede-tai, sf. readiness to learn ; 
compliance. 

Docte, dokt, sm. and adj. learned, erudite. 

Doctement, doM-mang, ail. learnedly. 

Dooteur, doJc-tur, sm. doctor ; learned man. 

Docteur regent, doh-tur-rai-hjavg, sm. 
professor. 

Doctoral, -e, dok-to-ral, adj. doctoral, of a 
doctor. 

Doctorat, dok-to-rah, sm. rank of a doctor. 

Doctokf.rie, doic^tor-ree, sf. public disputa- 
tion for a doctor's degree. 

Doctrinal, -e, dok-tre-nal, adj. containing 
doctrine, of doctrine. 

Doctrine, dok-treen, sf. doctrine, tenets; 
teaching. 

Document, do-ku-mang, sm. title; proof; 
direction. 

Dodiner (se), suh-do-de-nai, vref. 1 r. to 
take great care, make much of one's self. 

Dodo, doe-doe, sm. nurse's song to lull the 
baby to sleep, lullaby. 

Dodo (fairs), faire-doe-doe, idi. exp. r. 
4 irr. to sleep. 

DODU, -E, do-di-ii, -e, adj. plump, fat, jolly. 

Dogat, do-ghah, sm. dignity of doge. 

Doge, dohje, sm. doge, chief magistrate of 
Venice. 

Dogmatique, dog-mah-tneJi, sm. and adj. 
dogmatical, magisterial ; positive. 
162 



Dogjiatiquement, dog-malt-tcek-mang, ad. 
dogmatically; positively. 

Dogmatiser. dog-mah-iee-zai, ni.\ r. to teach 
a false doctrine ; assert positively. 

Dogmatiseur, dog-mah-tte-zur, sm. dogma- 
tiser. 

Dogmatiste, dog - viah - teest, sm. bold ad- 
vancer of principles. 

Dogme, dng-muh, cm. established principle, 
settled notion, tenet, dogma. 

Dogue, dog, sm. mastiff. 

Dogcix, doguine, do-gaing, do-gueen, S7iif. 
young mastiff. 

Doigt, doo-ah, sm. finger. 

Doigt du pied, doo-ah-deu-pyai, sm. toe. 

Doigt de Dieu, doo-ah duh-dyuh, sm. power 
of God. 

Doigt de vin, &C, doo-ahd-vaing, sm. little 
wine, &.C. 

Doigtier or Doigtie, doo-ay-tyai, sm. fin- 
ger stall, thimble. 

Dol, dol, sot. fraud, cheat, deceit; tambourine. 

Doleance, do-lai-angsse, sf. complaint, dole- 
fulness. 

Dolemment, do-lah-mang, ad. mournfully, 
dolefully. 

Dolent, -e, dodang, -t, adj. doleful, melan- 
choly ; sad. 

Doler, dodai, va. 1 r. to rough-hew ; smooth 
with a plane. 

Doliman, dode-mang, sm. theatrical Turkish 
dress. 

Doloike, dodoo-ar, sf. plane, addice, axe. 

Dom, don, sm. claustral appellation of honor. 

Domaine, domain, sin. domain, demesne; 
estate. 

Domanial, -e, domali-nyal, adj. belonging 
to a domain. 

Dome, dome, sm. dome, cupola, hemispheri- 
cal arch. 

Domesticite, do -mess-te-se-tai, sf. servile 
condition, servants. 

Domestique, do-mess-teek, smf. servant. 

Domestique, do-mess-teek, adj. domestic ; 
private ; familiar. 

Domestiquement, do-mess-teek-mang, ad. 
privately, unceremoniously. 

Domicile, do-me-scell, sin. habitation, dwell- 
ing. 

Domiciliek (se), suli-do-me-sedyai, r.rrf. 1 r. 
to fix one's abode, accustom one's self to. 

Dominant, -e, do-me-nang, -(, adj. dominant, 
presiding, ruling over. 

Dominateur, -trice, do-me-na7t-tur, -treess, 
smf. and adj. ruler, tyrant ; domineering, 
authoritative. 

Domination, do-me-nah-syong, sf. power; 
tyranny ; dominion. 

Dominer, do-rne-nai, va. ?!. 1 r. to rule over, 
domineer. 

Dominicain, -E, do-me-nedcaing, -kain, smf, 
dominican or white friar, nun. 

Dominical, -e, do-mc-ne-kal, -e, adj. of the 
Lord's day. 

Domino, do-mc-no, sm. short black cloak ; 
masquerade dress. 

DCMINOTERIE, do -me -not -ree, sf. colored 
paper manufactory or shop. 

Dominotier, do-me -no - tyai, sm. colored 
paper stainer or seller. 

Dom mace, do-mahje, sm. damage; havoc; 
loss ; prejudice ; detriment. 

Dommage (c'est), se'j-do-vudije, idi. cxp. it 
is a pity. 



DOS 



DOU 



DOMMAGEABLE, do-mdh-hjabl, ad}, detri- 
mental, anrtful, prejudicial, injurious. 

Do.mptable, dong-tabl, adj. conquerable 
tamable. 

Domptkr, dona-tai, va. 1 r. to conquer, sub- 
due, overcome. 

Dompteur de, dtmg-tur-duh, sm. tamer, sub- 
duer. 

Dox. dong. sm. gift, present ; knack ; Span- 
ish title for a gentleman. 

Donataire, do-nah-Utyrt, smf. donee, re- 
ceiver of a donation. 

DOXATEUR, -TRICE, do-nahtur, -ireess, smf. 
donor, giver. 

Donation, do-nah-syong, sf. grant, deed of 
donation. 

Donc, donk, conj. then, therefore, for this 
reason. 

Doxdox, dong-dong, sf. plump jolly woman. 

DOKJOK, dong-hjoiig, sm. strong-built turret ; 
small pavilion on the top of a house. 

Doxxaxt, -E, do -wing, -t, adj. generous, 
liberal : (used with ne before it) stingy, 
parsimonious. 

Doxxer, do-nod, va. 1 r. to give, bestow, 
grant. Donner caution, to put in bail ; — 
jour, to set a day. 

Se donner, suh-do-7iai, vref. to attribute, 
appropriate to one's self. Se donner du 
bon temps, to pass one's time merrily. 

Do.nxeur. -se, do-nur, -nuhze, smf. (iron.) 
giver, distributor. 

Doxt, dong, pron. reJ. of whom, which, 
whose, whereof. 

Doxzelle, dong-seU, sf. (iron.) damsel ; wo- 
man of easy virtue. 

Dorade, do-rad, sf. goldfish. 

Dorexavaxt, do-rai-nah-vang, ad. hence- 
forth, for the future, after this, hereafter. 

DORER, do-rai, va. 1 r. to gild ; illuminate ; 
soften. 

Doreur, -SE. do-rin\ -ruhze, smf. gilder. 

Dorie>", do-ryaing, sm. and adj. Greek dia- 
lect or music. 

DoRiQUE, do-reek, sm. and adj. Doric dialect 
or architecture. 

Dorloter, dor-lo-tai, va. 1 r. to fondle, 
make much of. 

Se dorloter, suh-dor-to-tai, vref. to take 
great care of one's self. 

Dormant, dor-mang, rvlj. and pres. part, of 
dormir, asleep ; sleeping. 

Dormeur, -se. dor-mur, -muhzc, smf. sleep- 
er ; drone ; siuggard. 

Dormecse, dor-muhze, sf. easy chair or car- 
riage with a bed. 

Dormir, dor-meer, vn. 2 irr. to sleep; be 
inactive, dead. Dormir d'un bon aommeil, 
to slumber. 

Dormir, dor-meer, sm. sleep, slumber, re- 
pose. 

Dormitif, -te, dor-me-teeff, -v, sm. and adj. 
causing sleep, opiate. 

Dors, dor, pres. ind. of dormir. sleep. 

Dortoir, dor-too-ar, nm. dormitory, sleep- 
ing-place (vide obs. 6). 

DoRTJEE, do-reur, sf. gilding; yellow wash. 

Dos, do, sm. hack. Mooter un cheval a dos, 
to ride without a saddle. 

Dos d'axe, do-dithn, sm. angular ridge, Sec. 

Dose, doze, sf. dose ; portion ; quantity ; mix- 
ture. 

Doser, do-zai, va. 1 r. to dose, proportion ; 
mix. 



Dosseret, doess-ray, sm. frame of a saw ; 
small pilaster. 

Dossier, dpesyai, sm. back of a chair, bed, 
coach. &c. ; lile for paper . 

Dossiere. doe-syayre, sf. back-strap of a 
horse. 

Dot, dot, sf. dowry, portion ; prii>; >•>. 

Dotal, -e. do-tat, adj. of the dowry, consti- 
tuting the marriage portion. 

Doter, do-tai, va. 1 r. to portion, endow with 
a fortune. 

Dottaire, doo-ayre, sm. dowry, .iointure. 

DOUAIRIERE, doo-ah-ryayre, sf. dowager; 
(iron.) old lady. 

Douaxe, doo-an, sf. custom-house duty. 

Douaxier, doQ-ah-nyai, sm. custom-house 
officer. 

Doublage, doo-bJahjc, sm. double ; folding ; 
joining of two threads; second coat. 

Double, doo-bl, sm. copy ; twofold; twice as 
much. 

Double, doo-bl, adj. double ; artiflcious ; act- 
ing two parts. 

Doublemext, doo-bhih-mang, ad. doubly. 

Doubler, doo-blai, vn. 1 /-. to double, fold ; 
line ; multiply ; pass round. 

Doublet, doo-blay, sm. false jewel ; two 
deuces at cards, dice, <tc. 

Douelox, doo- along, sin. doubloon, coin 
worth two pistoles.' 

Doublure, doobleur, sf. lining, substitute. 

Douceatue, doo-sdhtr, adj. sweetish. 

Doucemext, dooise-mang, ad. gently, softly; 
comfortably. 

Doucemext (tout), too - doosse - mang, ad. 
exp. indifferently, so so ; pretty well. 

Douceretjx, -se, doosse-ruJie, -se, adj. in- 
sipid ; (iron.) gentle, meek, affected. 

Doucet, -te, doo-say, -t, adj. sweetish ; de- 
mure. 

Doucette, doo-seit, sf. affected woman ; corn- 
flower. 

Douceur, doo-sur, sf. sweetness, meekness, 
mildness, gentleness. 

Douceurs, doo-suhre, sfp. favors : perqui- 
sites. Dire des douceurs, to speak flatter- 
ingly. 

Douche, doosh, sf. pouring of water upon an 
affected part ; shower-bath. 

Douciieu, doo-shai, va. 1 r. to pour water 
upon a diseased part ; to give a shower- 
bath. 

Doucixe, don-seen, sf. waving, moulding ; 
moulding-plane. 

Douer, doo-ai, va. 1 r. to settle ; endow ; 
favor. 

Douillage, doo-yahje, sm. bad texture. 

Douillet, -te, doo-yay, -t, smf. and adj. ten- 
der, delicate ; peevish, humorsome ; fond 
of one's self. 

Douillettesient, doo-yeit-mang, ad. softly, 
tenderly. 

Douleur, doo-lur, sf. pain, ache ; grief, af- 
fliction. 

Douloureusemext, doo-ho-ruhze-mang, ad. 
painfully, grievously. 

Douloureux, -se, doo-loo-ruhe, -ze, adj. 
painful ; grievous. 

Doute, doot, sm. doubt, fear : suspicion. 

Douter, doo-iai, vn. 1 r. to doubt, fear, sus- 
pect, question. On tie doute pas qu'il n'ar- 
rive, he will surely come. 

Se douter de, suh-doo-tai-duh, vref. to sus- 
pect, imagine. 

163 



DEO 



DUX 



Doutkusemext, doo-tuhze-mang, ad. doubt- 
fully. 

Dodteui, -SB, doo-tuhe, -ze, adj. doubtful, 
uncertain, questionable ; ambiguous. 

Douvaix, doo-vaing, sin. wood tor casks, 
barrels, itc. 

Douve, doov, sf staff to make casks. &c. 

Doux, -ce, dooe, doosse, adj. sweet, mild, 
gentle, soft, easy, affable, complaisant. 
Faire les yeux doux a quelqu'un, to look 
fondly upon. Style doux, free, easy. 

Douzaixe, doo-zain, sf. dozen. 

DorzE, dooze, em. and adj. twelve. 

Douzieme, doo-zyaym, sm. and ord. adj. 
twelfth ; twelfth part. 

Douzjememext, doo-zyaym -many, ad. 
twelfthly. 

Doyex, doo-ah-yaing, sm. dean, elder, se- 
nior (vide obs. 6). 

Doyenne, do-ah-yai-nai, sm. deanery, dean- 
ship. 

Drachme, dragm, sf. drachm, old Eoman 
coin ; eighth part o*"an ounce. 

Dragee, draJi-hjaie, sf. sugar-plum ; small 
shot. 

DrageOX, drah-hjong, sm. shoot, sucker. 

Drageoxxer, drah-hjo-nai, vn. 1 r. to 
sprout, shoot forth. 

Dragon, drah-gong, sin. dragon : dragoon ; 
irascible person ; cataract ; constellation. 

Dragonnade, drah-go-nad, sf. dragooning ; 
persecution. 

DraGONNER, drah-go-nai, va. 1 r. to dra- 
goon, persecute. 

DraGDE, drag, sf. drag, fishing-net, drag- 
net, dredge. 

Draguer, drah-gai, vn. 1 r. to drag; fish 
with a drag-net, search under water. 

Pramatique, drah-mah-teek, adj. dramatic. 

Pramatique, drah-mah-teek, sm. dramatic 

_ poetry. 

Drame, drain, sm. drama, play, comedy, 
tragedy. 

Prap, drah, sm. woollen cloth, stuff; sheet. 

Drap mortuaire, drah-mor-teu-ayre, sm. 
shroud. 

Drapeau, -x, p. drah-po, -e, p. sm. colors, 
standard ; rag. 

Draper, drah-pai. vn. 1 r. to line with cloth; 
slander. 

Praperie, drap-ree, sf. drapery, cloth- 
work. 

Drapier, drah-pyai, sm. cloth weaver or 
seller. 

PreCHE, draysh, sf. grains, husks of malt. 

Prege. draylijc, sf. dredge; flax-comb. 

Prelin, druh-laing, sm. tinkling of a bell. 

Dresser, dray-sai, va. 1 r. to rear, raise up, 
erect, make. Ses clieveux lui dressent, his 
hair stands on end. 

Se dresser, suh - dray - sai, vrcf. to rise, 
stand up. 

Dressoir, dray-soo-ar, sm. dresser. 

Drille, drcc-yah, sm. merry or mischievous 
fellow. 

Prille, dree-yuh, sf. rag for paper ; borer. 

Driller, dre-yai, vn. 1 r. to run, post away. 

Progmax, drog-mang, sm. interpreter. 

Drogue, drag, sf. drug ; bad stuff. 

Droguer, dro-gai, va. 1 r. to physic ; adul- 
terate. 

Se drogtter, suh-dro-gai, vref. to physic 
one's self. 

Droguerie, drog-ree, sf. drugs : laboratory. 
164 



Proguet, dro-yay, sm. drugget. 
Droguier, dro-gyai, sm. drug-box, closet; 

cabinet of stuffed animals, curiosities. 
Drogdiste, dro-gueest, sm. druggist. 

Droit, droo-ah, sm. right ; law, privilege 
(vide obs. C). A bon droit, justly. 

Droit des gexs, droo-ah-dey-hjanghe, am. 
law of nations (vide obs. 6). 

Droit, -e, droo-ah, -t, adj. right, upright, 
just, good. 

Din ilT, droo-ah, ad. directly, fairly, up. 
Cheval qui est droit, horse that is not lame. 

Droite, droo-at, sf. right hand or side. 

A droite, ah-droo-at, ad. exp. on the right 
(vide obs. 6). 

PROiTEMEXT,c/?-oo-a?-mr;w7, ad. fairly, justly. 

Droitier, -e, droo-ah-tyai, -re, smf. right- 
handed. 

Droiture, drno - all - teur , sf. uprightness 
(vide obs. 6 and 4). 

Ex droiture, angdroo-ah-ttur, ud. exp. 
directly. 

Prole, drole, sm. comical, crafty man ; 
sharper. 

Drole, drole, adj. droll, comical, pleasant, 
odd. 

Prolemext, drole- many, ad. comically; 
queerly. 

Drolerie. drole-ree, sf. drollery, buffoon- 
ery ; jokes. 

DkOi.esse, droe-less, sf. merry wench, gos- 
sip. 

Dromadaire, dro-mahdaire, sm. drome- 
dary. 

Drouixe, droo-een, sf. tinker's bag of tools. 

Dru, -e, dreu, -e, adj. lively, gay, Hedged ; 
thick (vide obs. 4). 

Dru, dreu, ad. thick, in plenty, very much 
(vide obs. 4). 

Druide, dreu-eed, sm. druid, ancient priest 
(vide obs. 4). 

Dryade, dre-yad, sf. dryad, wood-nymph. 

Du, deu (contraction of de le), art. def. m. of 
the, from the ; some, any. 

DO, deu, sm. due ; duty, owing. 

DO, -E, deu, -e, adj. due, owed. 

Du-Jioixs, deu-moo-ainq, ad. exp. at least. 

Du-tout, deu-tou, ail. exp. at all. 

Dubitative, deu-bc-tah-ttev, sf dubitation, 
doubt. 

Due, deuJc, sm. duke ; chief; owl. 

Ducal, -e, deu-Jcal, -e, adj. ducal, of a duke 
(vide obs. 4). 

Ducat, deu-Jiah, sm. ducat, gold or silver 
coin (vide obs. 4). 

Ducatox, deu-kah-tong, sm. half a ducat 
(vide obs. 4). 

Duciie, deu-shai, sm. dukedom, duchy (vide 
obs. 4). 

Duchesse, dnt-shess, sf. duchess. 

Ductile, deuk-teel, adj. ductile, flexible (vide 
obs. 4). 

Ductilite, deuk-tele-lai, sf. flexibility (vide 
obs. 4). 

Duegxe, deu-ai-ing-yuh, sf. duenna (vide 
obs. 4). 

Duel, deu-eU, sm. duel, single fight. 

Duelliste, deu-ay-ieest, sm. duellist. 

Dulcifier, deul-se-fyai, va. 1 r. to sweeten. 

Dulcixee, deul-se-naie, sf. low wench ; doxy 
(vide obs. 4). 

Dulie, deu-le, sf. worship of saints. 

DCmext, deue-mang, ad. duly. 

Duxes, deune, sfp. downs (vide obs. 4). 



EAU 



EBK 



DUNETTE, deu-net, sf. top of the poop. 

Duo. di no, m. duo, duct, in two parts (vide 

obs. 4); 
Dri'E, licit]), af. dupe, credulous person (vide 

obs. -i). 
DtTPBR, dciipai, va. 1 r. to trick, cheat. 
Duperie, deup-ree, sf. cheat, imposture. 
IK'fi.kata, aeu-ple-kak-tah, am. duplicate 

(vide obs. -1). 
Duplication, deu-plelah-syonff, sf. doubling 

(vide obs. •!'. 
Purlicite, deit-ple-se-tai, af. deceit (vide 

obs. 1). 
Ducuel, pe la quelle, devrlcell. duh-ldh-hell, 

proti. ret. of, from whom, which. 
Dob, -e, dear, adj. hard, Bolid, rough. 
Pur, -e d'OREILLE, dcur-do-ray-yuh, adj. 
' dull of hearing. 
Dor, -e a la desserre, deur-ah-lah-day- 

sayre, adj. stingy. 
DuR, -e a LA fatigue, deur-ah-lah-fah-teeg, 

adj. hardy. 
Puke-mere, deure-mayre, sf. membrane of 

the brain. 
Duke, dcure, af. ground ; hard bed. 
Durable, deu-rabl, adj. lasting. 
DtTRANT, deu-rang, prep, during, whilst. 
DURCIR, deur-seer, va.lr. to harden. 
He DURCIR, suh-deitr-seer, vref. to grow, be- 
come hard. 
Puree, deu-raie, sf. lasting, continuance 

(vide obs. 4). 
Durement, deur-mang, sm. harshly, rough- 
ly (vide obs. 4). 
Purer, den-rat, vn. 1 r. to last ; wear well. 

Le temps lui dure, time hangs heavy on 

him. 
IHret, -te, den-ray, -t, adj. little hard ; 

tough (vide obs. 4). 
Puuete, deur-tai, sf. hardness, roughness 

(vide obs. 4). 
Durete d'okeille, deur-tai-do-ray-yuh, sf. 

deafness. 
Durete de style, deur-tai-duh-steel, sf. stiff 

style. 
Durillox, deu-re-yong, am. small induration 

(vide ohs. -1). 
Doriuscule, deu-re-euss-hule, adj. little hard 

(vide ohs. 4). 
Duvet, dt u-vay, sm. down ; tender hair, &c. 

(vide obs. !i. 
Duveteux, -se, deu-vuli-tulie, -ze, adj. downy 

(vide obs. -!>. 
Dtnaste, de-naste, sm. petty sovereign 

prince. 
DySASTiE, dc-nass-tcc, sf. dynasty, sover- 
eignty. 
Dyspeesie, dcess-pep-see, sf. bad digestion. 
DTSSENTERIE, de-sangte-ree, .<■/. dysentery. 
Dysurie, dc-zeu-ree, sf. retention of urine. 



E. 



Eat, -x, p. o. oe, p. sf. water, rain; humor. 
M< tire de Veau dans son vin, to cool his 
passion. Eire tout en eau, to be in a great 
sweat. 

EAU-BENITE, o-lai-neet, sf. holy-water; 
promises. 

Eau-claike, o-l.layre, sf. loss of time. 

Eau-douce, o-doosse, sf. fresh- water, river- 
water. 



Eau-de-hbb, ode-mair, af. sea-water, salt- 
water. 

Eau-de -FONTAINE, ode-fong-tayue, af. spring- 
water. 

Eau -de -source, ode-soorsse, af. spring- 
water. 

Eau-UE-ptjits, ode-peu-ee, af. well-water (vide 
obs. 4). 

Eau-de-riviere, ode-re-ryayn% af. river- 
water. 

Eau-de-rose, ode-raze, sf. rose-water. 

Kau-de-tie, ode-ree, af. brapdy. 

Eau-D'Hongrie, o-dong-grec, af. Hungary- 
water. 

Eau-forte, o-fortt, af. aquafortis. 

IOat/X-BASSES, oe-hasse, afp. want of money. 

Ebaiiir (s'), sai-bah-ter, vref. 2 r. to be 

, amazed. 

Ebaiiissemext, ai-bah-eess-mang, am. amaze- 
nient. 

BBARBER, ai-bar-hai, va. 1 r. to clip, cut off. 

EbaRBOIR, ai-bar-boo-ar, sm. shears. 

Ebaroui. -e, ai-bah-roo-e, -e, adj. dried, split 

_ by the sun. 

Ebat, ebatteme>~t, ai-bah, ai-bat-mang, sm. 
sport. 

Eeats (je m'), Jijuh-mai-lah, pres. ind. of 
. s'tibattre, I divert myself. 

Ebattre (s ; ), sai-batlr, vref. 4 irr. to divert 
. one's self. 

Ebauei, -e, ai-bo-be, -e, adj. astonished, sur- 
, prised. 

EbauChe, ai-boshe, sf. sketch, rough draught. 

Euaucher, ai-bo-shai, va. 1 r. to sketch, de- 
sign. 

EbatjCHOIR, ai-bo-shoo-ar, sm. chisel. 

Ebaudir, ai-bo-deer, va. 2 r. to amuse, di- 
vert. 

Pebaudir, sai-bo-deer, vref. to be merry. 

Ebk or ebbe, ebb, sf. reflux of the tide. 

Ebe>~e, ai-bayv, sf. ebony. 

Efe>"ER, ai-lai-nai, ia. 1 r. to stain wood 
. like ebony. 

Ebenier, aihai-nyai, sm. ebony-tree. 

Ebeniste, ai-bai-neest, sm. cabinet-maker. 

Eelouir, ai-bloo-eer, va. 2 /•. to dazzle ; de- 
ceive. 

Eelouissaxt, -e, ai-bloo-e-sang, -t, adj. daz- 
, zling. 

Ebi.ocissemext, ai-bloo-cess-mang, sf. daz- 
zling. 

Ebokg>"er, ai-bor-ing-yai, va. 1 r. to blind 
ono eye. 

Ebouillir, aiboo-yeer, vn. 2 irr. to boil 
. away. 

Eboulement, ai-oool-mang, sm. rolling 
down. 

Ebouler (s'), sai-boo-lai, va. 1 r. to roll, fall, 

tumblo down. 
Eeoulis, ai-loo-lcc, sm. heap of falling 
earth, <fcc. 

Ebourgeonnement, ai-boor hjon-mang, sm. 
_ nipping of the buds, pruning. 

Ebourgeonxer, ai-hoor-hjo-nai, va. 1 r. to 

nip, prune. 
EbourgecciNEUR, ai-boor ■ I jo- nur, sm. 
_ pruner. 
Eeouriffe, -e, ai-boo-refai, -<?, adj. bristled 

up, wild. 
Ebra>'cheme>"t, ai-brangshe-mang, sm. lop- 

, I 1 '"?- 

Ebrancher, ai-lranq-shai, va. 1 r. to lop, 

cut off. 
£bra>"LE3IE>"T, ai'brangle-mang , sm. shock. 

165 



ECU 



ECU 



Ebuanler, ai-brang-lai, va. 1 r. to shake; 

astonish. 

S'ebkanler, sai-brang-lai, vref. to move, 
give way. 

Ebrechee, ai-brai-shai, va. 1 r. to notch, 
jag. 

Ebrekee, ai-bruh-nai, va. 1 r. to clean an 
infant. 

EbrjiitEk, ai-breu-e-tai, va. 1 ;•. to make pub- 
lic. 

S'ebuuiter, sai-breu-e-tai, vref. to be known, 
public. 

Ebullition, ai-beu-le-syong, sf. boiling up 
(vide obs. 4). 

Ecaciiement, ai - leash - mang, sm. bruise, 
crush. 

JScacher, ai-kah-shai, va. 1 r. to bruise, 
crush. 

Ecacheur D'OR, ai-kah-shur-dor, em. gold- 
beater. 

HiCAILLE, ai-k'ah-yuh, sf. shell; scale. 

Ecaili.e, -e, ai-kah-yai, -e, adj. scaly, of 
shells. 

Eoailleu, ai-kaJi-yai, va. 1 r. to scale ; imi- 
tate shells. 

S'ecailler, sai-Jcah-yai, vref.Xo peel off. 

Ecailleux, -Se, ai-kah-yuhe, -ze, adj. scaly. 

Ecale, ai-kal, sf. hull, husk, shell. 

Eoalee, ai-kahdai, va. 1 r. to shell, strip off. 

S'ecaler, sai-kah-lai, vref. to peel, come off. 

Ecaebooillee, ai-kar-boo-yai, va. 1 r. to 
bruise, squash. 

Ecaelate, ai-kar-lat, sf. scarlet, bright red. 

ECARatTILLEMENT, ai-kar-kte-yuh-mang, sm. 
wide opening of, spreading of. 

Ecauquiller, ai-kar-kee-yai, va. 1 r. to open, 
straddle. 

Ecart, ai-kar, sm. deviation, error ; discard- 
ing. Faire v.n ecart dans un discours, to 
digress. Faire des ecarts, to spend extrava- 
gantly. 

A l' ecart, -e, ahdai-kar, ad. exp. aside, by, 
apart. 

Ecarte, -e, ai-kar-tai, -e, adj. remote, soli- 
, tary. 

Im'aetele, -e, ai-kartdai, -e, adj. quartered. 

ECaetelek, ai-kartdai, va. 1 r. to quarter. 

Ecartee, ai-kar-tai, va. 1 r. to remove, sep- 
arate. jBcarter du droit chemin, to mislead. 

S'ecarter, sai-kar-tai, vref. to ramble, re- 
cede. 

Ecci.esiaste, ay-klai-ze-yast, am. Ecclesias- 
tes. 

Ecclesiastique, ay-klai-ze-y ass-trek, sm. TCc- 
clesiasticus; clergyman, priest, churchman. 

Ec'( lesiastique, ay -kiwi '-ze-yass-teek :, adj. ec- 
clesiastic. 

Ecclesiastiquement, ayklai-ze-yass-teek- 
mang, ad. in an ecclesiastical manner. 

ficEEVELE, -e, ai-sair-vlai, -e, adj. han5-" 
brained, giddy. 

E.'uafaut, ai-shah-fo, am. scaffold, timber 
frame. 

Euiiafaudage, ai-shah-foe-dahje, sm-. scaf- 
folding. 

ECHAFADDER, ai-shah-foe-dai, vn. 1 r. to 
scaffold. 

Eciialas, ai-shah-lah, sm. prop for a vine, Ac. 

Echalassement, ai - shah -lass -mang, sm. 
propping. 

Eciialasser, ai-shalidali-sai, va. 1 r. to prop 
vines, &c. 

Echaliee, ai-shah-lyai, sm. hedge, fence of 
branches. 
166 



Echalote, ai-shahdot, sf. shallot, scallion. 
Echancrer, ai-shang-krai, va. 1 r. to slope. 
Echancrure, ai-shang-kreur, sf. slope. 

iVhange, ai-shanghe, sm. exchange, barter. 

Echanger, ai-shang-hjai, va. 1 r. to ex- 
change, barter. 

Ecu anson, ai-shang-son, sm. cup-bearer, 
steward. 

Echansonnerie, ai-shang-son-ree, sf. stew- 

r ardship. 

Echantillon, ai-shangte-yong, sm. sample, 
pattern. 

EviiantillONNER, ai-shang-le-yo-nai , va. 1 r. 
to give a sample, examine by the standard. 

Echappade, ai-shah-pad, sf. wrong stroke, 
slip. 

Echappatoire, ah-shah-pah-too-ar, sf. come 
off; shift, subterfuge, evasion. 

Echappee, ai-shah-paie, sf. omission, over- 
sight, 

Echappee de tce, ai-shah-paid-veiie, sf. 
snatch of sight, vista, prospect. 

Echappee, ai-shah-pai, va. 1 r. to escape, 
avoid. 

Echapper, ai-shah-pai, vn. 1 r. to get, slip, 
drop away. II lui echup}ia une 'parole, he 
let fall a word. 

S'echapper, sai-shah-pai , vref. to make 

_ one's escape. 

!Echarde, di-shard, sf splinter. 

Echardonner, aishar-do-nai, va. 1 r. to 

„ pull out the thistles. 

Echarpe, ai-sharp, sf. scarf, sling. 

Echarpek, ai-shar-pai, va. 1 r. to slash, cut 
in pieces. 

Echars (vents), vanghe-zai-shar, snip, shift- 
ing winds. 

Echasses, ai-shasse, sfp. stilts. 

£chaueoule, -E, ai-sho-boo-lai, -e, adj. full 
of pimples. 

Echauboulure, ai-sho-boodeur, sf. pimple 
(vide obs. 4). 

Echaude, ai-shoe-dai, sm. folding chair ; 
cake. 

Echauher, ai-shoe-dai, va. 1 r. to scald. 

S'echauder, sai-shoe-dai, vref. to smart; 

, lose. 

ECHAVT>om,ai-sltoe-doo-ar, sm. scalding-pan; 

_ gaming-house, bagnio. 

Echaudoire, ai-shoe-doo-ar, sf. slaughter- 

> house (vide obs. 6). 

£chauffaison, ai-shoe-fai-zong, sf. efflores- 
_ cence. 

Echauffement, ai-shofe-mang, sm. over- 

^ heating. 

^chauffer, ai-shoe-fai, va. 1 r. to heat, stir 
up. 

S'echauffer, sai-sho-fai, vref. to overheat 
one's self, grow warm or angry. 

Echauffouree, ai-shoe-fgp-raie, sf. skir- 
mish. 

Echauffure, ai-shoe-feur, sf. pimple, blotch 
(vide obs. 4). 

ECHAUGUETTF, ai-shoe-gnyte, sf. watch -tower. 

Echeance, ai-shai-angsse, sf. term of pay- 
ment. 

Echec, ai-sheck, sm. check ; defeat ; attempt ; 
awe. 

IJCHECS, ai-sltey, smp. chess. 

Echelette, ai'shdett, sf. small ladder. 

ECHELLE,ai-s7teZZ, .«/'. scale-ladder; stomacher. 

Echelles, ai-shell, sfp. sea-ports in the Le- 
_ vant. 

Echelon, aish-long, sm. round, rundle step. 



ECL 



E( '< > 



Evhkniu.er, aiah-ne-yai, va. 1 r. to destroy 
caterpillars. 

Echeaxt, aishai-ang, pres. part, of echoir, 

happening. 
Eciief.nt, ai-shay, 3 pers. pi. prts. inch of 

fchoir, are due. 
Eciierka, ai-shey-rah, fat of tchoir, will fall. 
Echerrait, ai-ehey-ray, condit. of echoir, 

woul I expire. 
£.11 et, ai-shay, 3 pers. sing. pres. ind. of 

ichmr, falls due. 
ficHEVEAU, -x, p. aish-ro, -c, p. s;h. skein. 
Schevele,-e, ai-shev-lai, -e, "'(/. dishevelled. 
ficHEViN, aish-vaing, sm. alderman : provost 
Eciievixage, aisJi-ve-nahje, am. provost's 

office. 
ficHiM '. ai-sheen, sf. chine, spine ; back-bone. 
Ei'hkn ::■ ai-she-naie, sf. chine of pork. 
Schiner, ai-ehe-nai, va. 1 r. to chine ; beat; 

kill. 
EcHnjiiEK,c(i'-*7ie-/.7/a?', sm. exchequer; chess- 
board. 
Echo. ai-Ico, sm. echo, repeater. 
EcnoiE, ai-shoo-ah, pres. snbj. of echoir, may 

happen. 
Echoyait, ai-shoo-ah-yay, imperf. of echoir, 

was due. 
Ecnor.:, ai-shoo-ar, vn. 3 irr. to fall, happen 

(vide obs. 6). 
Echoit. sing-., £choiext. pi. ai-shoo-ah, pres. 

ind. of echoir, is due ; happens. 
Echoppe, ai-shop, sf. shed, stall ; graver. 
&HOCESEST, ai-shooe-mang, sm. stranding.- 
Echouei:, ai-shoo-ai, va. n. 1 /•. to strand ; 

fail. Faire echouer (tin vaisseau), to drive 

ashore. 
Echu, -e, ai-sheu, p. part, of echoir, expired, 

become due. 
£chus, ai-sheu, pret. def. of tchoir, expired. 
Ecimer, ai-se-mai, va. 1 r. to lop the heads of 

trees, &c. 
£cLAnocssER, ai-7dah-boo-sai, va. 1 r. to 

splash. 
Ecladocssure, ai-klah-boo-seur, sf. splash- 
ing (vide obs. 4). 
Eclair, ai-klair, sm. flash of lightning ; me- 
teor. 
Eclair (comme l'), komm-lai-ldair, ad. exp. 

in a trice. 
ECLArr.riR, ai-klair-seer, va. 1r. to clear; 

inform. 
S ? ecla ::ciR, sai-Jdair-seer, vref. to clear up ; 

dive. 
Eclair 'tssemext, ai-Jdair-seess-mang, sm. 

expli- lion. 
Eclaii:;. -E, ai-klay-rai, -e, adj. bright ; 

learned: 
Eclaire'i, ai-klay-rai, va. 1 r. to light; in- 
struct : spy. 
Eclairer, ai-klay-7-ai, vn. 1 r. to sparkle, 

glitter. 
Eclaxciie, ai-Jdangshe, sf. leg of mutton, 
, Bigot- 

Eclat, ai-ldah, sm. splinter ; lustre ; pomp ; 
• noise. 
Eclat re toxxerre, ai-klah-duh-to-nayre, 

.-i,i. peal of thunder. 
Eclat de rire, ai-klahd-reer, sm. burst of 

laughter. 
Eclataxt, -e, ai-ldah-tang, -(, adj. bright ; 

glorious. 
Eclati.u, ai-klah-tai, vn. 1 r. to burst ; shine; 

break out. Edater de rire, to burst into 

laughter. 



Eclipse, ai-ideepsse, sf. eclipse; disappear- 
ance. 

£clipser, ai-kleep-sai, va. 1 r. to eclipse ; ob- 
scure, cloud. 

R'eclipser, sai-kleep-sai, vref. to disappear. 

Kcliptique, ai-kleep-teek, sf. and adj. eclip- 
tic. 

ficLisSE, ai-Meesa, sf. splint ; cheese-vat. 

EcLISSER, ai-klesai, va. \r. 1o splinter. 

Ecloppe, -E, ai-klo-pai, -e, adj. hobbling ; 
infirm. 

Eclore, ai-Jdor, vn. 4 in: to hatch; expand; 
dawn. Lejour vient d? eclore, it is break of 

, day. 

Eclorext, ai-ldor, 3 pers. pi. pres. ind. of 
fclora, hatch. 

fic'LOS, -e, ai-ldo, -s, p. part, of eclore, hatched. 

Eclose, ai-kloze, pres. subj. of eclore, may 
hatch. 

Eclot, ai-klo, 3 pers. sing. pres. ind. of eclore, 
expands. 

Ecluse. ai-Meuse, sf. sluice, flood-gate. 

Eclusee, ai-kleu-zaie, sf. discharge of water 
through floodgates (vide obs. 4). 

&C0LE,"ai -kol, sf. school; college; sect; ex- 
perience. 

Ecolier, -E, ai-ko-lyai, -re, smf. scholar ; 

_ novice. 

Econduire, ai-kong-deu-eer, va. -iirr. to dis- 
miss, reject, get rid of. 

Ecoxdcis, ai-kong-deu-e, pres. ind. of econ- 

r duire, dismiss. 

Ecoxduisaxt, ai-kong-deu-e-zang , pres. part. 
of econduire, dismissing. 

Ecoxduisis, ai-kong-deu-e-zee, pret. def. of 
econduire, got rid of. 

Ecoxdcit, -e, ai-kong-deu-ee, -t, p. part, of 
econduire, dismissed. 

EcONOME, ai-ko-nom, smf. manager. 

Ecoxome, ai-ko-nom, adj. saving, frugal, 
thrifty. 

Ecoxo.MiE,«i-A-o-?!0-mee, sf. frugality; saving. 

EcoxOMiQCE, ai-ko-no-meek, adj. frugal, 

_ saving. 

Ecoxomiquemext, ai-ko-no-meek-mang, ad. 
frugally ; with economy. 

Ecoxomisek, ai-ko-no-me-zai, va. 1 r. to save; 
spare. 

Ecorce, ai-korsse, sf. rind, bark ; shell, out- 
side. 

£corcer, ai-kor-sai, va. 1 r. to bark, peel, 
husk. 

Ecorcher, ai-lor-shai, va. 1 r. to skin, 
scratch ; extort. 

S'ecorcher, sai-kor-shai, vref. to tear off 
one's skin. 

Ecorcherie, ai-korshe-ree, sf. slaughter- 

_ house. 

Ecorchecr, ai-kor-shur, sm. butcher ; ex- 
acter. 

IJCORCHURE, ai-kor-sheur, sf. laceration. 

Ecorxer, ai-kor-nai, va. 1 r. to dishorn ; 
curtail. 

Ecorxifler, ai-kor-HC-jiai. va. \r. to sponge. 

EcORXiFLEiiiE, ai-kor-ne-fluh-ree, sf. spon- 
ging- 

Ecorxifleur, -SE, ai-kor-ne-jlur, -fluhze, smf. 
sponger. 

Ecorxure, ai-kor-neur, sf. corner off. 

Ecosser. ai-ko-sai, va. 1 r. to shell, husk. 

ficossEUR. -SE, ai-ko-sur, -suhze, smf. one 
_ who shells. 

Ecot, ai-ko, sm. share; ordinary; parly; 
club ; stump. 

167 



ECR 



EFF 



ficoiJANE, ai-ltoo-an, />/. rough file. 

Ecouaxer, ai-koo-ah-nai, va. 1 r. to rough- 
file ; reduce. 

Ecouer, ai-koo-ai, va. 1 r. to curtail, cut off 
the tail. 

Ecoufle, ai-koofle, sm. kite, hawk. 

Ecouleme.vt, ai-kool-mang, sm. flow ; emis- 
sion. 

Ecouler (s'), sai-koo-iai, ore/. 1 r. to run 
out ; elapse. 

ECOURGEON, ai-koor-hjong, sm. early barley. 

Ecourter, ai-Jioor-tai, va. 1 r. to cut off too 
short. 

ECODTAKT, -e, ai-koo -tang, -t, sm/ and adj. 
hearer. 

Ecoute, ai-koot, sf. listening-place ; private 
box. 

Ecoutes (etre atjx), eytr-oe-zai-koo/e, idi. 
cxp. to be listening, attentive to ; spy. 

Ecouter, ai-koo-tai, va. 1 r. to hear, listen, 
receive. 

S'ECOTJTEK, sai-koo-tai, vref. to indulge one's 
self. S'ecouter jjacfcr, to hear one's self 
talk. 

ECOUTETTR, -se, ai-koo-tur, -tuhze, sm/. lis- 
tener. 

Ecouteux, ai-koo-tuhe, adj. m. skittish, shy. 

Ecoutille, ai-koo -tee- yuh, sf. hatchway, 
hatch. 

ficouviLLOX, ai-koo-ve-yong, sm. mop. 

ficouviLLONNEE, ai-koo-ve-yo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
mop. 

£cran~, ai-krana, sm. screen. 

EcRASEMENT, ai - kraz - mang, sm. crush, 
crushing. 

Ex: RASE, -e, ai-krah-zai, -e, adj. too flat, 
short, low. 

Ecraser, ai-krah-zai, va. 1 r. to crush ; un- 
do ; ruin. 

Ecrkjiek, ai-kray-mai, va. 1 r. to skim off 
the cream, <&c. 

Ecreter, ai-kray-tai, va. 1 r. to takeoff the 
top of a wall, A:c. 

ECREVISSE, ai-kruh-veess, s/. craw-fish; can- 
cer. 

Ecrier (s : ), sai-kre-yai, vref. 1 r. to exclaim ; 
cry out. 

ficRiN", ai-kraing, sm. casket, jewel-box. 

Ecrire, ai-kreer, va. 4 irr. to write; com- 
pose. 

Ecris, ai-kree, pres. ind. of ecrire, write. 

Ecrit, ai-kre, sm. document ; writing ; agree- 
ment. 

Ecrit, -e, ai-kree, -t, p. part, of ecrire, writ- 
ten. 

Ecriteau, -x, p. ai-kre-to, -c, p. sm. sign ; 
bill. 

Ecritoire, ai-kre-too-ar. sf. inkhorn. 

Ecriture, ai-kre-ttur, if. writing. 

Ecriture sainte, ai-Jcre-teur -saingte, sf. 
bible. 

Ecrivaix, ai-kre-vaing, sm. writer; author; 
purser. 

Eikivant, ai-kre-vang, pres. part, at ecrire, 
writing. 

Ecrivis, ai-kre-vee, pret. def. of e.nrire, wrote. 

Ecrou, ai-kroo, sm. the hole of the screw ; 
record of imprisonment. 

Ecrouei.les, ai-kroo-til, s/p. king's evil, 
scrofula. 

Ecrouer, ai-kroo-ai, va. 1 r. to register a 
prisoner. 

Echouir, ai-kroo-eer, va. 2 r. to harden a 
metal. 

1CS 



Ecrouissf.:.ie>"T, ai-kroo -cess -many, sm. 
hardening. 

Ecroulement, ai-krool-mang, sm. falling 
down. 

Ecrouler (s')., sai-kroo-lai, vref. 1 r. to tum- 
ble, sink. 

Ecrouter, ai-krooe-tai, va. 1 r. to take off 
the crust. 

Ecru, -e, ai-Jereu, -e, adj. raw, unbleached ; 
scorious (vide obs. 4). 

Ecu, ai-keu, sin. shield ; crown-piece. 

Eoueil, ai-kvh-yuli, sm. shelf ; danger ; trial. 

Ecuelle, ai-ku-ell, sf. porringer. 

Ecuellee, ai-k'/ny-htie, sf. porringer-full. 

Eculer, ai-ku-lai, va. 1 r. to tread dowu the 
heel. 

Eucme, ai-kume, sf. scum; froth; foam, 
dross. 

Eoumer, ai-ku-mai, va. and n. 1 r. to scum ; 
skim ; foam. 

Ecumer LES MEKS, ai-ku-mai-ley-mayre, va. 
to pirate. 

Ecumeur de mer, ai-ku-mur-duli-mair , sm. 
pirate. 

Ecumeur, -se de maemtte, ai-ku-mur, 
-muhze-duh-mar-meet, idi. exp. sm/. spon- 
ger, parasite. 

Ecumeux, -SE, ai-ku-muhe, -ze, adj. foamy, 
frothy. v 

Ecumoire, ai-ku-moo-ar, sf. skimmer. 

Ecurer, ai-ku-rai, va. 1 r. to scour, rub, 

_ clean. 

Ecureuil, ai-ku-ruh-yuh, sm. squirrel. 

ECUREUR, -SE, ai-ku-rur, -rnltz>>, smf.scourex. 

Eccrje, ai-ku-ree, s/. horse-stable ; horse- 
retinue. 

Ecusson, ai-ku-song, sm. escutcheon, shield. 

Eccssonner, ai-ku-so-nni. ua. 1 /•. to ingraft. 

Ecussonnoir, ai-ku-so-noo-ar, sm. grafting- 
knife (vide obs. G). 

Eccyer, ai-ku-e-yui, sm. esquire; equerry; 
rider. 

Edente, -e, ai-dang-tai, -c, adj. toothless, 
without teeth. 

Edenter, ai-dany-tai, va. 1 r. to pull, break 

r the teeth. 

Eoifiant, -E, ai-de-fyang, -t, adj. edifying. 

Edificateur, ai-de-/e-kah~tur, sm, architect 

Edification, ai-de-fe-kah-syong, sf. edifica- 
tion. 

Edifice, ai-de-fess, sm. fabric, building. 

Edifier, ai-de-fyai, va. 1 r. to edify ; teach; 
improve. 

Edile, ai-deeU, sm. edile ; magistrate. 

Edilite, ai-de-le-tai, sf. magistracy. 

Edit, ai-de, sm. edict, proclamation ; ordi- 
nance. 

Editeur, ai-de-tttr, sm. editor ; publisher. 

Edition, ai-de-syong, sf. edition; publication. 

Edredon, ai-di ■uh-dong, sm. finest down. 

Education, ai-deu-kah-syong, sf. education 
(vide obs. 4). . 

Edulcoration, ai - dcul • ko ■ rah - syong, sf. 
sweeteuing. 

Epulcorer, ai-deul-ko-rai, va. 1 r. to sweet- 

, en. 

Eduquer, ai-den-kay, va. 1 r. to educate. 

Efaufiler, ai-foe-fe-lai, va. 1 r. to unravel. 

Kff arable, ay-/ah-sabl, adj. that may be 
effaced. 

Effacer, ay-/ah-sai, va. 1 r. to erase ; re- 
pair ; excel. 

Effaqure, ay-/ah-seur, sf. rasure, scratch 
(vide obs. 4). 



EFF 



EGE 



Effa:;e, -E, ay-fah-rai, -e, adj. confused; 
ired, aghast. 

Effarer, ay-fah-rai, va. 1 r. to scare, con- 
fuse. 

S'effarek, say-fah-y-ai, vref. to be bewil- 
dered. 

Effakocciier, ay-fah-roo-shai, va. 1 r. to 
frighten. 

S'effaroocher, say-fah-roo-sJiai, vref. to 
startle. 

Effectif, -te, ay-feck-teeff, -r, adj. sure, 
certain. 

EFFECT i vement, ay -feck - teev - many, ad. 
truly. 

Effectver, ay-feck-ttu-ai, ra. 1 r. to real- 
ize . vide obs. 1). 

Efff.mi.ve, -k, ay-fai-me -nut, -e, smf. and 
adj. effeminate. 

Effev.i.ner, uy-fai-me-nai, va. 1 r. to effem- 
inate. 

Effervescence, ay-fair-vay-sangsse, sf. 
ardor. 

Effet. ay -fay. sm. effect: bill; event; 
movable?. Mettre en effet, to bring to 
pass. Pour cet effet, therefore. 

Effectllek, ay-fuh-yai, va. 1 r. to strip off 
the leaves. 

Efficace, ay-fe-kasse, aJj. productive of ef- 
fect. 

Efficace, ay-fe-kasse, sf. efficacy, virtue, 
power. 

Efficaceiie>~t, ay-fe-7;asse-mang, ad. effect- 
ually. 

Efficacite, ay-fe-7;ah-se-tai. sf. efficacy, vir- 
tue. 

Efficient, -f., ay-fesyang, -t, ad], efficient. 

Effigie, ayfe-hjee, sf. image ; portrait ; 
figure. 

Effile. ay-felai, sm. fringe ; fringed dress. 

Effile, -e, ay-fe-lai, -e, adj. long, thin, ta- 
per, lank. 

Effilek, ay-felai, ra. 1 r. to unravel ; thin. 

Effiloqcer, ay-fe-lo-kai, va. 1 r. to make 
wadding. 

Effilcre, ay-fe-leur, sf unravelling. 

Effla.vq.ue, -e, ay-flang-kai, -e, smf. and 
adj. thin tall man or woman ; emaciated. 

Efflanquer, ay -Jiang -J/ai, va. 1 r. to 
make lean. 

S'efflaxquer, sai-flang-kai, vref. to lose 
flesh. 

Efflecrer, ay-Jluh-rai, va. 1 r. to skim, 
glance on. 

Effoxdkek, ay-fong-drai, ra. 1 r. to search, 
break, gut. 

Effosdeilles, ay-fong-dre-yuh, sfp. dregs. 

Efforcer (s'), say-for-sai, vref. i r. to try, 
strive, vie. 

Effort, ay for, sm. struggle; labor; strength, 
act. 

Effraction", ay-frack-syong, sf. breaking in. 

Effratakt, -e, ay-fray-yang, -(, adj. dread- 
ful. 

Effrayer, ay-fray-yai, va. 1 r. to frighten, 
terrify. 

Effuene, -e, ay-frai-nai, -e, adj. unbridled, 
licentious. 

Effriter, ay-fre-tai, va. 1 r. to unfertilize. 

Effroi, ay-froo-ah, sm. fright, terror. 

Effro.vte, -v., ay-frong-tai, -e, smf. and adj. 
bold, impudent ; brazen face. 

Effrovtehent, ay -frong -tai-mang, ad. 
boldly. 

Effronterie, ay-fronqte-ree, sf. impudence. 
(2) 



Effrotable, ay-froo^xh-yaltl, adj. fright- 
ful ; excessive (vide obs. 6). 
Effroyablement, ay-froo-ah-yabl-mang, 

ad. dreadfully, horribly (vide 008. 6). 

Effusion, ay-feu-zyong, sf. effusion. 

Egai., egaux, p. ai-ghal, -ai-goe, p. sm. and 
adj. equal, like. Cda m'est igal, all one 
to me. 

EGALE3TEKT, ai ■ glial -many, ad. equally, 
alike. 

Egaler, ai-ghah-lai, va. 1 r. to equal ; 
ni fitch ; be even. 

S'egaler, sai-ghah-Iai, vref. to vie with ; 
paragon. 

Egalisatiox, ai-ghah-le-zah-ayong, sf. even- 
ness. 

Ecaliseb, ai-ghdh-lee-zai, va. 1 r. to make 
equal. 

Egalitk, ai-ghah-le-tai, sf. equality ; uni- 
formity. 

Egard, ai-ghar, sm. regard, consideration ; 
care. A man egard, upon my account. 

A l'egard de, uh-lai-ghar-duh, prep, in re- 
spect to. 

Etr egard, eu-ai-ghar, prep, considering 
(vide obs. 4). 

Egare, -E, ai-ghah-rai, -e, adj. bewildered, 
wild. 

EcAREHENT, ai-gJtar-mang, sm. error, fault. 

Egarer, ai-ghah-rai, va, 1 r. to mislead ; 
mislay. 

S"egarer, sai-ghah-rai, vref. to go astray; 
ramble. 

ISgayer, ai-gay-yai, vr. 1 r. to enliven; 
lighten. 

S'EGAYER, sai-gay-yai, vref. to make one's 
self merry. 

Egide, ai-hjeed, sf. shield, buckler ; protec- 
tion. 

£gla>"tier, ai-glang-tyai, sm. sweet-brier- 
tree. 

Egla>*ti>*e, ai-glang-teen, sf. wild rose. 

Eglise, ai-gleeze, sf. church. 

£glogue, ai-glog, sf. eclogue, pastoral poem. 

Egohi>"e, ai-go-eenn, sf. hand-saw. 

Egoiser, ai-go-e-zai, vn. 1 r. to talk much of 
one's self. 

EcofSHE, ai-go-eessm, sm. self praise or love. 

Egoiste, ai-go-eest, sm. self praiser, lover. 

Egorger, ai-gor-hjai, va. 1 r. to cut the 
throat ; kill. ; ruiu ; rob ; injure ; cut to the 
quick. 

EGOSILLER (S'), sai-go-ze-yni , vref. 1 r. to 
make one's self hoarse with shouting or 

r singing. 

Egout, ai-goo, sm. gutter, drain ; sewer ; 
sink. 

Egoutter, aigoo-tai, va. 1 r. to drain, pour 
in drops. 

S'egoutter, sai-goo-tai, vref. to fall in drops. 

Egouttoir, ai-g'oo-too-ar, sm. drain, sink. 

£gratigner, aigrah-teeng-yai, va. 1 r. to 
scratch. 

Egratig>~ecr, -se, ai • grah - teeng - yur, 
-yvhze, smf. scratcher ; worker in eyelet- 
holes. 

Egratigncre, ai-grah-teeug-yeur, sf. scratch 
(vide obs. -1). 

Egren'er, ai-gruh-nai, va. 1 r. to husk 
seeds, &c. 

S'egrener, sai-gruh-nai, vref. to shed its 
seeds. 

Egrii.lard, -e, ai-gre-yar, -d, smf. and adj. 
spark, grig; sprightly; wanton': cunning. 

169 



ELE 



EMB 



Egriser, ai-gree-zai, va. 1 r. to grind dia- 
monds. 

Egruceoir, ai-greu-hjooar, sm. grater (vide 
obs. 4 and 6). 

Egruger, ai-greu-hjai, va. 1 r. to pound 
(vide obs. 4). 

£grugecre, ai-greu-hjuhre, sf. pounding. 

Egueuler, ai-ghuhdai, va. 1 r. to break the 
neck. 

S'eguecler, sai-ghuh-lai, vref. to strain 
one's voice. 

Eh ! ay, int. ah ! aha ! Eh bien ! ay-byaing, 
well. 

Eiionte, -e, ai-ong-tai, -c, adj. shameless, 
impudent. 

Ehoupper, ai-oo-pai, va. 1 r. to lop the top 
of a tree. 

£jaccler, ai-hjah-ku-lai, va. 1 r. to dart. 

Elaboration, ai-lah-bo-rah-syong, sf. elabo- 
ration. 

Elaboure, -e, ai-lah-boo-rai, -e, adj. elabo- 
rate. 

Elaguer, aidah-gai, va. 1 r. to prune, re- 
trench. 

fiu.y, ai-lang, sin. elk; leap ; rapture. 

Elance, -e, ai-lang-sai, -e, adj. thin and tall, 
slender. 

Elancemknt, ai-langsse-mang, sm. leap; 
transport ; twitch ; length. 

Elancer, ai-lang-sai, vn. 1 r. to twinpre. 

S'elancer, sai-lang-sai, vref. to rush, fall 
upon. 

Elargir, ai-lar-Jijeer, va. 2 r. to widen ; en- 
large. 

S'elargie, saidar-hjeer, vref. to extend, 
grow wide. 

Elargissement, aidar-lijeess-mang, sm. en- 
largement. 

Elargissure, ai-lar-hje-seur, sf. eking-piece. 

Elasticite, ai-lass-te-se-lai, sf. elasticity, 
spring. 

Elastique, ai-lass-teek, sm. and adj. elastic, 
springy. 

Electeur, ai-leck-tur, sm. elector. 

Electif, -ve, ai-Ieck-leeff, -y, adj. elective. 

Election, ai-leck-syong, sf. election ; choice. 

Electoral, -e, ai-leck-to-ral, adj. electoral. 

Elector at, ai-leck-to-rah, sm. electorate. 

Electrice, di-leck-treess, sf. electress. 

Slectkicite, ai-hck-tre-se-tai, sf. electricity. 

Electriqoe, ai-lerk-treek, adj. electrical. 

Electriser, ai-leck-tre-zai, va. 1 r. to attract. 

£lf.ctuaire, aideck-teu-ayre, sm. electuary. 

Elegamment, ai - lai -ghah - mang, ad. ele- 
gantly. 

Elegance, ai - lai - ghangsse, sf. elegance, 
beauty. 

Elegant, -e, ai-lai-ghang, -t, smf. and adj. 
elegant, fine. 

Elegiaque, ai-laidije-yack, adj. mournful, 
dismal. 

Elegie, ai-laihjee, sf. elegy, mournful song. 

Element, aidai-mang, sm. element, first 
principle. 

Elementaire, ai-lai-mang-tayre, adj. ele- 
mentary. 

Elephant, aidai-fang, sm. elephant ; paper. 

Elevation, ai-lai-vah-syong, sf. height; 
grandeur. 

Elevatoire, aidai-vahtoo-ar. sm. raiser up 
m (vide obs. 6). 

Eleve, ai-lev, smf. scholar, pupil, disciple. 

Eleve, -e, ail-vai, -e, adj. high, lofty, exalt- 
ed ; raised. 
170 



Elever, ai-luh-cai, va. 1 r. to raise, build.; 
educate. 

S'elever, sai-luh-vai, vref. to rise ; break 
out. 

Elevure, ail-veur, sf blotch, pimple. 

Elider, ai-le-dai, va. 1 r. to cut off; take 
away ; elide. 

£ligibilite, aidedije-be-le-tai, sf. eligibility. 

Eligible, ai-le-hjeeU, adj. eligible, prefera- 
ble. 

S'elimer, sai-le-mai, vref. 1 r. to wear out. 

Elire, ai-leer, va. 4 irr. to elect, prefer. 

Elis, ai-lee, pres. ind. of elire, elect. 

Elisant, ai-le-zang, pres. part, of Hire, elect- 

, ing. 

Elision, aide-zyong, sf. elision, cutting off. 

Elite, ai-leet, sf. choice ; flower ; prime. 

Elixir, aideek-seer, sm. elixir ; quintessence. 

Elle, ell, pron. pers. f. she ; her ; it. 

Ellebore, ell-lai-bor, sm. hellebore. 

Ellipse, aydeepss, sf. ellipsis, omission. 

Elliptiqce, uydeep-teek, adj. of an ellip- 
sis. 

Elocution, ai-lo-ku-syong, sf. oratory, elo- 
cution. 

Eloge, ai-lohj, sm. praise ; commendation ; 
eulogy. 

Eloigne, -e, ai-loo-ah-ing-yai, -e, adj. dis- 
tant (vide obs. 6). 

Eloignement, ai-loo-ah-ing-yuh-ma/ig, sm. 

_ distance, absence ; aversion ; negligence. 

Eloigner, ai-loo-ah-ing-yai, va. 1 r. to re- 
move ; delay (vide obs. 6). 

S'eloigner, sai-loo-ah-ing-yai, vref. to with- 
draw. 

S'eloigner de, sai-loo-ah-iiig-yai-duh, vref. 
to avoid ; depart from ; neglect ; fail. 

Elongation, ai-long-ghah-syong, sf. elonga- 
tion. 

Eloquemment, ai-lo -kah-mang, ad. elo- 
quently. 

Eloquence, ai-lo-kangsse, sf. eloquence. 

Eloquent, -e, ai-lo-kang, -t, adj. eloquent. 

Elu, -e, aileu, adj. and p. part, of elire, 
elected ; chosen, elect. 

Elucidation, ai-leu-se-dah-syong, sf. expo- 
sition. 

Elcder, ai-leu-dai, va. 1 r. to avoid slyly. 

Elus, ai-leu, pret. def. of Hire, elected. 

Elysee, ai-le-zaie, sm. place of eternal bliss. 

Elysees (champs-), shaiKjhje-zaide-zaie, snip. 
happy fields. 

Email, emaux, p. ai-mah-yuh, ai-moc, p. sm. 
enamel. 

Ejiaillek, ai-mait-yai, va. 1 r. to enamel ; 

_ adorn. 

Emailleur, ai-mah-yur, sm. enameller. 

Emaillcre, ai-mah-yeur, sf. enamelling. 

Emanation, ai-mali-nah-syong, sf. emana- 
tion. 

Emancipation, ai - mang - se - pah - syong, sf. 
freedom. 

Emanciper, aimang-se-pai, va. 1 r. to set 
free from. 

S'emanciper, sai-mang-se-pai, vref. to take 
liberties. 

Em aner, ai-mah-nai, vn. 1 r. to issue, flow 
from. 

Emauger, ai-mar-hjai, va. 1 r. to cut, write 
on the margin. 

Emballage, ang-bah-lahje, sm. packing up. 

Emealleu, ang-bahdai, va. 1 r. to embale, 
pack np. 

Emballeur, ang-bahdur, sm. packer ; fibber. 



EMB 



EMI 



Embargo, ang -bar-go, sm. embargo; prohi- 
bition. 

Embakquemext, ang-barlc-mang, sm. em 
barking. 

Embarquer, ang-hir-Jcai, va. 1 r. to em- 
bark ; engage. 

S'embarquer, sang-bar-kai, vref. to go to 
sea ; engage. 

EmbarraS, angbali-r'ali, sm. stoppage; per- 
plexity. 

Embarrassant, -e, ang -bah -rah -sang, -t, 
adj. puzzling. 

EmbarraSSER, ang-bah-rah-sai, va. 1 r. to 
perplex. 

S'embarrasser r>E, sang-bah-rah-sai-duh , 
vref. to entangle, clog, perplex, trouble 
one's self. 

Embater, ang-bah-tai, va. 1 r. to pack-sad- 
dle* ; clog. 

Embacchage, ang-ho-shahje, sm. hiring; de- 
coying. 

Embaucher, ang-bo-shai ', va. 1 r. to engage, 
entrap. 

Embaucheur, ang-bo-shur, s?n. enticer, in- 
veigler. 

Embaumement, ang -borne -mang, sm. em- 
balming. 

Embaumer, ang-boe-mai, va. 1 /•. to embalm. 

Embegui.ver, ang-bai-ghee^nai, va. 1 r. to 
put on a biggiu, put in one's head. 

S'embeguiner, sang-bai-ghee-nai, vref. to 
be infatuated. 

Embellir, ang-bay-leer, va. 1 r. to embel- 
lish, adorn. 

Embeu.issement, ang -bay -leess -mang, sm. 
ornament. 

EMBERLUCOQUER (S'), sang-boir-teu-lcokai, 
vref. 1 r. to take a fancy, be fond of. 

Embesog>"e, -e, ang-buh-zoing-yai, -e, adj. 
busy. 

Emblaver, ang-blali-vai, va. 1 r. to sow with 
corn. 

Emblavure, ang-hlah-reur, sf. corn-field. 

Emblee (d'J, dang-blaie, ad. exp. at first, 
without difficulty, in a trice. 

Embi.ematique, ang-blai-mah-teek, adj. figu- 
rative. 

Embleme, ang-bleyme, sm. emblem, allusive 
picture. 

Emboire, ang-boo-ar, va. i irr. to coat with 
oil or flax ; imbibe (vide obs. G). 

Embois, ang-boo-ah, pies. ind. of emboire, 
imbibe. 

EmboiteMENT, ang-boo-altl-mang , sm. inser- 
tion. 

E.MBoiTER, a'ng-boo-ali-tai, va. 1 r. to insert. 

Emboitcre, ang - boo-ah-teur, sf. juncture 
(vide obs. 4 and 6). 

Emboive, ang-boo-ahve, pres. subj. of em- 
boire, may imbibe. 

Emboivext, ang-boo-ahve, 3 pera. pi. pres. 
ind. and pres. subj. of emboire, imbibe. 

Embonpoint, ang-bong-poo-aing, svi. plump- 
ness. 

Embordurer, ang-bor-deu-rai, va. 1 r. to 
border (vide obs. 4). 

EmbouCHKHENT, ang-boosh-mang, sm. bit- 
ting ; blowing. 

EhbOITCHER, ang-boo-shai, va. 1 r. to bit; 
blow ; hint. 

S'EMBOTJCHEB, sang-boo-shai, vref. to fall, 
run into. 

Embouchoir, ang-booshoo-ar, sm. mouth- 
piece of a horn, trumpet, &c. 



Embouchure, ang-boo-sheur, ef. mouth. 

Embouuuer, ang-boo-kai, va. 1 r. to enter a 
strait, canal. 

Embourber, ang-boor-hai, va.lr. to bemire; 
involve. 

S'embourber, sang-boor-bai, vref. to sink in 
the mire ; involve one's self in difficulties. 

Embourser, ang-boor-sai t va. 1 r. to im- 
burse. 

Embrasement, ang-briih'e-mang, sm. inflam- 
mation ; fire ; commotion ; fervor of mind. 

Embraser, ang-brah-zai, va. 1 r. to inflame. 

S'embraser, sang-brah-zai, vref. to kindle. 

Embrassade, ang-brah-sad, sm. embrace, 
hug. 

Embrassement, ang-brasse-mang, sm. em- 
bracement. 

Embrasser, ang-bruh-sai, va. 1 r. to em- 
brace ; choose. 

Embrasure, ang-brah-zeur, sf. embrasure 
(vide obs. 4). 

EmBROCHER, ang-bro-shai, va. 1 r. to put 
upon the spit. 

EmbrouillE, -e, ang-broo-yai, adj. obscure, 
confused. 

Embrouilleme>"t, ang-brooe-yuh-mang, sm. 
confusion. 

Embrouiller, ang-brooe-yai, va. 1 r. to em- 
broil. 

S'embrouiller, sang-brooe-yai, vref. to be- 
wilder one's self. 

EmbruiNB, -e, ang-breu-e-nai, -e, adj. blast- 
ed (vide obs. 4). 

Emekume, -e, ang-breu-mai, -e, adj. fbggy, 
misty. 

EmbRyon, ang-bre-yong, am. unfinished pro- 
duction. 

EMBU, ang-beu, p. part, of emboire, imbibed. 

EmbOche, ang-beushe, sf. ambush ; snare 
(vide obs. 4). 

Embus, ang-beu, pret. def. of emboira, im- 
bibed. 

Embuscade, ang-beuss-Jcad, sf. lurking-place 
(vide obs. 4). 

EmbuSQUF.r (s'), sang bmss-kai, vref. to lie 
in ambush ; lurk, lie' hidden. 

Embuvaxt, ang-beu-vang, pres. part, cf em- 
boire, imbibing. 

Emendee, ai-mang-dai, vn. 1 r. to amend, 
reform, 

SmERAUDE, ai-mai-rode. sf. emerald. 

Emergent, ai-mair-hjang, adj. m. emergent. 

Emeri or emeril, em-ree, sm. emery, iron 
ore. 

Emerillon", ai-mai-re-yong, sm. merlin, 

_ small cannon. 

Emerilloxxe, -e, ai-mai-re-yo-nai, -e, adj. 
brisk, lively. . 

Emerite, ai-mai-reet, adj. m. annuitant. 

Emersion, ai-mair-sgong, sf. emersion. 

Emerveiller, ai-mair-vay-yai, va. 1 r. to 
astonish. 

S'EMERVEILLER, sai-mair-vay-yai, vref. to 
wonder. 

Emetique, ai-mai-teek, sm. and adj. emetic. 

Emeus, ai-muhe, pres. ind. of emouvoir, 
move. 

J5MEUTE, ai-midit, sf. commotion, tumult. 

Emeuve, ai-muhe, pres. subj. of emouvoir, 
may move. 

Emeuvent, ai-mvhv, 3 pers. pi. pres. ind. 
and pres. subj. of dmouvoir, move. 

Emier, ai-myai, va. 1 r. to break into small 
pieces. 

171 



EMO 



EMP 



Bmietter, ai-myai-tai, ra. 1 r. to crumble 

bread. 
Emigrant, -e, ai-me-grang, -I, smf. and adj. 
_ emigrant. 

Emigre, -e, ai-me-grai, -e, adj. emigrated. 
Emigree, ai-me-grai, vn. 1 r. to go to an- 
other country. 
Emincer, ai-maing-sai, va. 1 r. to cut in 

thin slices. 
Emixemment, ai-me-nah-mang, ad. emi- 
nently-. 
Eminence, ai -me-nangsse, sf. eminence, 

height. 
Eminent, -e, ai-me-nang, -t, adj. eminent ; 

imminent. 
E.minentissime, ai-me-nang-le-scem, adj. m. 

most eminent. 
Bmissaire, ai - me - sayre, sm. spy, secret 

agent. 
Emission, ai -me-syong, sf. emission, dis- 
charge. 
Emmagasiner, ang-muh-ghah-ze-nai, va. 1 r. 

to lay up. 
Emmailloter, ang-mah-yo-tai, va. 1 r. to 

swathe. 
Emmancher, ang-mang-shai, va. 1 r. to haft; 

dress. 
Emmancheur, ang-matig-shur, sm. hafter; 

dresser. 
Emmannequiner, ang-man-ke-nai, va. 1 r. 

to put in a hamper. 
Emmariner, ang-mah-re-nai, va. 1 r. to Ct a 

ship. 
Emmenagemext, ang-mai-nahje-mang, am. 

furniture of a house, settling. 
Emmenagek, ang-mai-nah-)ijai, va. 1 r. to 

move to another house. 
S'emmenager, sana - mai - nali - lijai , vref. 

1 r. to furnish one's house, settle one's self. 
Emmener, ang-muh-nai, va. 1 r. to carry 

away. 
Emmenotter, ang-muh-no-tai, va. 1 r. to 

manacle. 
Emmieller, ang-myay-lai, va. 1 r. to mix 

with honey. 
Emmitoufler, ang-me-loo-ftai, va. 1 r. to 

muffle up. 
Emmortaiser, ang-mor-lai-zii, va. 1 r. to 

set in a mortise. 
Emmuseler, ang-metfze-lai, ra. 1 r. to muzzle. 
Emoi, ai-moo-ah, sm. anxiety, flutter. 
Emollient, -e, ai-mo-lyang, -t, smf. and adj. 

softening. 
Emolument, ai-mo-leu-mang,itm. profit, gain. 
Emonder, ai-mong-dai, va. 1 r. to lop, cut 
r oif ; pick. 

Emondes, ai-mongde, sfp. loppings of trees. 
Emondeur, -se, ai-mong-dur, -duJize, smf. 

picker, lopper. 
Emotion, ai-irto-syong, sf. agitation, trouble; 

tumult. 
Emotter, ai-mo-tai, va. 1 r. to break the 

clods. 
Emoucher, ai-moo-shai, va. 1 r. to flap, 

hunt Hies ; drive away. 
Emouchette, ai-moo-s'hett, sf. horse-net to 

keep off the flies. 
Emouciieur, ai-moo-shur, sm. trifler, fly- 
catcher. 
Emouchoir, ai-inon-shoo-ar, sm. fly-flap. 
Emoudre, ai-moodr, va. 4 irr. to whet, 

sharpen. 
Emoclant, ai-moo-lang, pres. part, of emou- 
dre, sharpening. 
172 



Emoeleur, ai-moo-lur, sm. knife-grinder. 

Emoule, ai-moo-leu, p. part, of emoudre, 

, sharpened. 

Emoulus, ai-mooleu, pret. def. of emoudre, 

r sharpened. 

fijlOUSSER, ai-moo-sai, va. 1 r. to dull, blunt. 

Eiiouvant, ai-moo-vang, pres. part, of emou- 
voir, moving. 

Emouvoir, ai-moo-voo-ar, va. 3 irr. to 
move (vide obs. 6). 

S'emouvoir, sai -moo - voo-ar. vref. to be 
agitated, disturbed ; revolt ; rise again. 

Empailler, ang-pah-yai, va. 1 r. to fill with 
straw. 

Empailleur, -se, ang-pahyur, -yuhze, smf. 
worker in straw. 

Em'palement, ang-pall-mang, sm. empaling. 

Empalee, ang-pah-lai, va. 1 r. to empale. 

Empan, ang-pang, sm. span. 

Empanacher, ang-pah-nah-shai, ra. 1 r. to 
plume. 

Empaqueter, ang-pach-lai, va. 1 r. to pack 
up, inclose. 

Emparer de (S'), sang-pah-rai-duh, vref. 1 r. 
to seize upon, invade. 

Empasme, ang-passm, sm. perfume], ab- 
sorbent. 

Empatement, ang-phlit-mang, sm. founda- 
tion, base. 

Empater, ang-pah-lai, va. 1 r. to paste ; fat- 
ten with paste. 

Empaumer, ang-poe-mai, va. 1 r. to strike, 
clutch, grasp ; take advantage of. Empau- 
mer la parole, to engross the conversation. 

Empechement, ang-peyshe-martg, sm. im- 
pediment. 

Empeciie, -e, ang-pey-shai, -e, adj. busy, oc- 
cupied. 

Empecher, ang-pey-shai, va. 1 r. to hinder, 
prevent. 

S'empecher DE, sang-pey-shai-duh, vref. to 
refrain from. 

Empeign'E, any-pay -ing-yuh, sf. vamp. 

Kmpenner, ang-pay-nai, vn. 1 r. to feather. 

Kmpereur, angpe-rur, sm. emperor, head of 
kings. 

Empesage, angpe-znhje, sm. starching. 

Empeser, ang-j>uh-zai, ca. 1 ;-. to starch. 

Empeseur, -se, ang-puh-zar, -znhze, smf. 
starcher. 

Empester, ang-pess-tai, va. 1 r. to infect ; 
emit a smell. 

Empetrer, angpey-trai, va. 1 r. to hinder ; 
involve. 

S'empetrer, sartg-pcy-trai, vref. to entangle 
one's self. 

Empiiase, ang-fhhze, sf emphasis ; affected 
stress. 

Emphatique, ang-fah-teeJ.; adj. forcible, 
striking. 

Emphatiquement, ang-fah-teelc-mang, ad. 
strongly. 

Emphitiieose, ang-fe-iai-oze, sf. long lease, 
lease from 10 to 99 years. 

Emphitheote, ang-fe-tai-ot, smf. holder of a 
long lease. 

Empietement, ang - pyaite - mang , sm. en- 
croachment. 

Empietek, ung-pyai-tai, ra. n. 1 r. to en- 
croach. 

Emfiffrer, ang-pe-frai, va. 1 r. to cram, 
stuff; fatten. ' 

S'empiffreu, sang-pie-frai, vref. to gorman- 
dize. 



EMP 



ENC 



Empilement, ang -peell -many, sm. piling up. 

K.Mru.Ki;, ang-pe-tai, va. 1 r. to pile, heap, 
raise up. 

Empire, ang-peer, sm. empire ; right ; power; 
sway. 

Empirer, ang-pe-rai, va. n. 1 r. to make, 
grow worse. 

Empirique, ang-pe-reek, sm. and adj. quack, 
pretender. 

Empirishb, ang-pe-re&tm, sm. quackery. 

Emplacement, ang-plaxs-niring, sm. ground 
plot. 

Emplatre, ang-pUihtr, sm. plasterer, cata- 
plasm. 

EmpLETTE, ang-plett, sf. purchase. 

Emplir, ang-pleer, va. 2 r. to fill. 

Emploi, ang-ploo-ah, sm. business; office. 

Employe, ang-ploo-ah-yai, sm. clerk. 

Employer, ang-ploo-ah-yai, va. 1 r. to em- 
ploy, spend (vide obs. 6). 

S'employer a, sang-ploo-ah-yai, vref. to ap- 
ply one's self to ; exert, interest one's self. 

Emplumer, ang-pleu-mai, va. 1 r. to feather. 

S'emplumer, aang-pleu-mai, vref. to make 
money ; grow rich ; repair one's losses. 

Empocher, ang-po-tshai, va. 1 r. to pocket ; 
grasp. 

Empoigxee, ang-poo-ah-ing-yaie, sf. handful, 
gripe (vide obs. 6). 

Empoigner, ang-poo-ah-ing-yai ', va. 1 r. to 
gripe ; squeeze, lay hold of. 

EmpoiS, ang-pno-hh, sm. starch. 

Empoisonnement, ang- poo - ah - zon - many, 
sm. empoisonment (vide obs. G). 

Empoiso>">*er, any-poo-ah-zo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
poison (vide obs. 6). 

Empoisonneur, -SE, ang - poo - ah - zo - mir, 
-mthze, smf. empoisoner ; bad cook. 

Empoisser, ang-poo-ah-sai, va. 1 r. to smear 
over with pitch, tar (vide obs. 6). 

Empoissoxnement, ang- poo - ah - son-mang, 
sm. stocking with fish (vide obs. G). 

Empoissonner, ang-poo-ah-so nai, va. \r. to 
stock a pond, &c, with fish (vide obs. 6). 

Em porte, -E, ang-por-tai, -e, adj. hasty, pas- 
sionate. 

Emportement, ang-porl-mang, sm. fit of pas- 
sion. 

Emporte-piece, arig-port-pyess, sm. pun- 
cheon ; satirist. 

Emporter, ang-por-tai, va. 1 r. to carry, 
take away ; tear ; drag ; gain ; raise. lis 
ne Vemporteront pas de la sorte, they shall 
not go away with it so. 

S'emporter, sang-por-tai, vref. to fly into a 
passion. 

S'EMPORTER CO>"TRE, sany-por-tai-lonr/tr, 
idi. exp. vref. to inveigh, declaim against. 

Empoter, ang-po-tai, va. 1 r. to pot; pre- 
serve in pots. 

Empourpre, -e, ang - poor - prai, -e, adj. 
clothed in purple. 

Empiieigxant, ang-prai-ing-yang, pres.part. 
of empreindre, impressing. 

Emfreignis, ang-prai-iny-ye, pret. def. of 
empreindre, impressed. 

Empreindre, any-praingdr, va. 4 irr. to im- 
press. 

Empkkins, any-praing, pres. ind. of em- 
preindre, impress. 

Empkeixt, -E, angpraing, -t, p. part, of em~ 
preindre, impressed. 

Empueixte, ang-praingte, sf. impression. 

Empkesse, -e, ang-pray-sai, -e, smf. and 



adj. eager, active, zealous, attentive, med- 
dling person. 

EMPRESSEMENT, ang-pressmany, sm. eager- 
ness, zeal. Avoir det empressemens pour 
quflqu'un, to be officious. 

Empresses (s*). eomg-prai-sai, vref. 1 r. to 
act with zeal, take much pains. 

S'empresser pkes de, sang-prai-sai-prey- 
dtdt, idi. exj). vref. to insinuate one's sell'. 

Emprisonxement, ang-pre-zon-mang, sm. 
imprisonment, confinement. 

Empkisoxner, ang-pre-eo-nai, va. 1 r. to im- 
prison. 

Emprunt, ang-prtmg, sm. money borrowed. 
Vipre d' emprunt, to live upon trust. 

Emprunt (beaute d'), lo-tai-dang-prung, 
sm. borrowed beauty. 

Emprunt (vertu d'"), vair-teu-dang-prung, 
sf. semblance of virtue (vide obs. 4). 

Empruxte, -e, ang-prung-tai, -e, adj. stiff, 
affected. Avoir Pair emprunte, to have an 
awkward look. 

Emfrunter, ang-prung-tai, va. 1 r. to bor- 
row ; assume. 

Emprunteur, -se, ang-prung-tur, -lulize, 
smf. borrower. 

Empuantir, ang-peii-ang-teer, va. 2 r. to 
emit an offensive smell, putrefy. 

Empuantissement, ang-peu.-ang-tems-m.ang, 
sm. offensive smell, putrefaction. 

Empyree, ang-pe-raie, sm. and adj. highest 
heaven ; formed of fire. 

£mu, -e, ai-vieu, adj. and p. part, of emou- 
voir, moved ; agitated. 

Smus, ai-meu, pret. def. of emouvoir, moved. 

Emulateur, ai-meit-lah-tur , sm. rival. 

Emulation, ai-meu-lah-syong, sf. contest, 
rivalry. 

JImcle, ai-meul, smf. competitor, rival. 

Emulgent, -e, ai-meul-hjang, -t, adj. emul- 
gent (vide obs. 4). 

Emulsion, ai-meul-syong, sf. emulsion. 

En, ang, preconj. pron. of, with, from, by it, 
them, some, any. 

En, ang, prep, in, into, whilst, with, for, ifcc. 

En avast, ang-nah-vang, ad. forward. 

En haut, any hoe, ad. above, up stairs. 

En bas, angbah, ad. below, down stairs. 

En dedans, ang-duh-dang, ad. within. 

En dehors, ang-duh-or, ad. without. 

En tant que, ang-tang-kuh, conj. as. 

Encadrement, ang-mthdr-mang, sm. fra- 
ming. 

Encadrer, ang-Jcah-drai, va. 1 r. to frame. 

Encager, ang-hah-hjai, va. 1 r. to encage ; 
confine. 

Encaissement, ang-lcaysse-mang, sm. in- 
casing. 

Encaisser, emg-Jcay-sai, va. 1 r. to pack up. 

Encan, ang-lcang, sm. public sale. 

Encanailler, anyhih-nah-yai, va. 1 r. to 
mix with low persons. 

S'ENCANAILLER, s'any-lalx-nah-yai, vref. to 
associate with low persons, degrade one's 
self. 

ENCAPUCHONNER (S'), s'ang-lali-peu-sho-nai, 
vref. 1 r. to dress in a hood. 

Encaquer, ang-lcah-lcai, va. 1 r. to barrel, 
cram. 

Encastrement, ang-Mss-truh-mang, sm. en- 
chasing. 

Encastrer, angdeassdrai, va. 1 r. to set in ; 
enchase. 

Encavement, ang-lcav-manq, sm. cellarage. 

173 



ENC 



ENC 



Encayer, ang-kah-vai, va. 1 r. to put in a 

cellar. 

Encaveur, ang-kah-vur, sm. cellar-man. 

Enceignant, ang sai-ing-yany, pies. part, of 
enceindre, inclosing. 

Enceignis, ang-sai-ing-yc, pret. def. of en- 
ceindre, inclosed. 

Enceindre, ang-saingdr, ra. 4 irr. to sur- 
round. 

Enceins, ang-saing, pres. ind. of enceindre, 
surround, inclose. 

Enceint, -e, ang-saing, -t, p. part. of encein- 
dre, inclosed. ' 

Enceinte, ang-saingt, adj. pregnant, with 
child. 

Enceinte, ang-saingte, sf. inclosure. 

Encens, 'ang-sanglte, sm, incense ; flattery. 

Encensement, ang-sangsse-mang, am. flat- 
tery. 

Encenser, ang-sang-sai, va. 1 r. to cense, 
perfume ; extol. 

Encenseur, ang-sang-sicr, sm. praiser ; flat- 
terer. 

Encensoir, ang -sang -soo-ar, sm. censor. 

Enchain ement, ang-nhayn.e-m.ang. sm. se- 
ries ; union. 

Enchaixer, ang-shey-nai, va. 1 r. to en- 
chain ; join. 

Enchainure, any -shay -neur, sf. links. 

Enchantement, ang - shangle - many, sm. 
charm. 

Enchanter, ang-shang-tai, va. 1 r. to charm, 
delight. 

Enchanteresse, ang-shangte-ress, sf. and 
adj. enchantress, irresistible woman ; sor- 
ceress. 

Enchanteur, ang-shang'-lur, sm. and adj. 
enchanter; charming; ecstatic. 

Enchaperonneu, ang-sJiap-ro-nai, ra. 1 ;; 
to hood. 

Enchasser, ang-shah-sai, va. 1 r. to en- 
chase ; infix. 

Encuassure, ang-shah-seur, sf. setting in 
metal (vide ohs. 4). 

Enchere, ang-shayre, sf. outbidding, auc- 
tion. Melt re h Peiichire, to sell by auction. 
Mettre line enchere. to outbid. Voits en 
paierez lafolle enchere, you shall pay dear 
for your rashness. 

Encherir, ang-shai-reer, va. 2 r. to outbid ; 
raise the price ; surpass, outdo. 

Encherisse.ment, ang-shai-reess-mang, sm. 
rise. 

Encheeisseur, ang-s7iai-re-sur, sm. outbid- 
der. 

Enchevetree, angshe-vey-trai, ra. 1 r. to 
halter. 

S'enchevetrer, s' angshe-vey-trai, vref. to 
bewilder, confuse one's self, get into diffi- 
culties. 

Enchevetruee, angshe-vey-treur, sf. chim- 
ney-piece ; hurt ; entanglement. 

Enciiifrenement, angshe-fren-mang, sm. 
stoppage in the nose. 

Enchifrener, ang-she-fruh-nai, va. 1 r. to 
cause a stoppage in the nose. 

Enchifrene, -e, ang-she-fruh-nai, -e, adj. 
■who has a stoppage in the nose. 

Enclave, ang-klav, sf. boundary ; field or 
land included in another's property. 

ENCLAVER, angdclah-rai, va. 1 r. to inclose, 
infix, insert. 

Enclin, -e a, ang-klaing, -Ideen-ah, adj. 
prone, inclined. 
174 



Encloitrer, ang-kloo-ali-trai, va. 1 r. to 

cloister, immure (vide obs. 6). 
Enclore, ang-klor, ra. 4 irr. to inclose, fit 

in, shut. 
Enclos, ang-ldoe, sin. inclosure ; inclosed 

ground. 
Enclos, ang-klo, pres. ind. of enclore, inclose. 
Enclos, -e, ang-klo, -~, p. part, of enclore, 

inclosed. 
Enclouer, ang kloo-ai, va. 1 r. to nail up ; 

lame. 
Enclouure, ang-Jdoo-eitr, sf. prick of a nail ; 

vexation, trouble, difficulty. 
Encluke, ang-Ideum, sf. anviV (vide obs. 4). 
Encocher, ang-ko-shai, va. 1 ;-. to pull the 

bowstring with the arrow. 
Encoffrer, ang-ko-frai, va. 1 r. to coffer ; 

lay up, imprison. 
Encognure or encoignure, ang ko-ing-yeur, 

sf. corner, angle; coin (vide obs. 4). 
Encolure, ang-ko-leur, sf. chest of a horse ; 

mien, appearance of a person. Je Je rr-con- 

nais a V encolure, I recognize him by his air. 
Encombre, ang-kongbr, sm. hinderance, vex- 
ation. 
Encombrement, ang-kongbr-mang, sm. clog, 

load ; burden. 
Encombrer, ung-kong-brai, va. 1 r. to en- 
_ cumber, impede. 
A l'encontre, ah - Vang - kongtr, prep. 

against. 
Encore, ang-kor, ad. again ; yet, still, as 

yet, also. 
Encorne, -e, ang-kor-nai, -e, adj. horned, 

with horns. 
Encouragement, ang-Jeoo-raJije-mang, sm. 

encouragement ; incentive ; support. 
Encourager, ang-koo-rah-Jijai, ra. 1 r. to 

give courage. 
Encourant, ang-lsao-rang, pres. part, of en- 
courir, incurring. 
Encourir, ang-lcoo-reer, va. 2 irr. to incur, 

deserve. 
Encourrai, ang-koor-rai, fut. of encourir, 

will incur. 
Encourrais, ang-koor-rey, condit. of encou- 
rir, would incur. 
Encouks, ang-koor, pres. ind. of encourir, 

incur. 
ENCOURTT, ang-koo-reu, p. part, of encourir, 

incurred. 
Encourus, ang-koo-reu, pret. def. of encou- 
rir. 
Encrasser, ang-krah-sai, va. 1 r. to smear 

with grease. 
S'encrasser, s'ang-krah-sai, vref. to grow 

greasy, low, contemptible ; degrade one's 

self. 
Encre, angkr, sf. ink. 
Encrier, ang-kre-yai, s7n. inkstand. 
EncroOter, ang-krooe-tai, ra. 1 r. to in- 

crust, envelop. 
S'encrouter, s' 'ang-krooe-tai, vref. to crust, 

gather or contract a crust. 
Encuirasser (s'), e'ang-ku-e-rctftsai, vref. 1 

;-. to grow rusty, dirty, covered with a hard 

ca^e. 
Encuvement, ang-kuve-mang, sm. putting 

in a tub. 
Encuver, a?ig-ku-rai, va. 1 r. to put in a tub. 
Encyclofedie, ang-sc-lio-pai-d.ee. sf. course 

of the sciences, circle of knowledge. 
Encyclopedique, ang-se-klopai-deek, adj. 

of all the sciences. 



ENF 



ENF 



Enden'te, -E. ang-dang-tai, -e, a>lj. indent- 
ed ; eating heartily. 

ENDETTER, ang-dai-tai, vr. 1 r. to put into 
debt. 

S'E.MiKTTEn, s'asig-dai-tui, vref. to run into 
debt. 

ExnKVE, -e, ang-dai-vai, c, $mf. and adj. 
furious, passionate. 

Endevek, ang-dai-vai, va. 1 r. to be much 
vexed. 

Exdk.ver (faire;, faire-ang-dai-vai, comp. 
r. i irr. to vex. 

Endiarle, -e, ang-dyaJi-hlai, -e, adj. furious, 
very bad. 

Endimancheu (s - ), s'ang-de-mang-sJiai, vref. 
1 r. to dress fine; put on one's best clothes. 

Endive, ana-deev, sf. endive. 

Endoctrinf.r, ang-docfc-tre-nai, sa. 1 r. to 
instruct ; liint 

Endommager, ang-db-mak-hjai, va. 1 r. to 
damage. 

E.NDORMEIJR, -se, ang-dor-mur, -muhze, snif. 
cajoler. 

Endokmant, ang-dor-mang, pres. part, of 
endormir, lulling to sleep. 

Endormir, angdor-mecr, va. 2 r. to lull to 
sleep ; tire. 

S'endormir, s'ang-dor-meer^ vref. to fall 
asleep. Ils'endort an plus fort de sea af- 
faires, he neglects his business strangely. 

EJTDORMISSEMEJIT, ang-dor-meess-mang, sm. 
drowsiness. 

Endoks, ang-dor, pres. ind. of endormir, 
lull to sleep. 

Endosse, aug-doess, sf. trouble, toil, burden, 
charge. 

Endossement, ang-doess-mang, sm. endorse- 
ment. 

Endosser, aug-doe-sai, va. 1 r. to put on; 
endorse. 

Endosseur, ttng-doe-sur, sm. endorser. 

Endroit, ang-droo-ah, sm. right side ; place. 
Montrer par le btl endroit, to show to the 
best advantage. 

Enduire, vng-deu-eer, va. 4 irr. to over- 
spread (vide obs. 4). 

Enduis, ang-deu-e, pres. ind. of eaduire, 
overspread. 

Enduisant, ang-deu-e-zang, pres. part, of 
enduir-e, covering. 

Exdcisis, ang-deu-e-zee, pret def. of enduire, 
overspread. 

Exdcit, -e, ang-deu-ee, -t, p. part, of <zn- 
duire, covered. 

ExDUTr, ang-deu-e, am. layer; cover. 

Enduraxt, -e, any-deu-rang, -te, adj. pa- 
tient, calm. 

Endurcir, ang-deur-seer, va. 2 r. to harden. 

Endurcis^eme-NT, ang-deur-sccts-viang, sm. 
hardness. 

En'durer, ang-deu-rai, va. 1 r. to suffer; al- 
low (vide obs. 4). 

Eneegie, ai-nair-Jijee, sf. energy; power; 
force ; vigor. 

Energique, ai-nair-hjeel;, adj. energetic, 
forcible. 

Energique.mext, ai-nair-hjeelc-mang, ad. 
forcibly. 

fixEitGUMEXE, ai-nair-gu-men, emf. enthusi- 
ast. 

fix EitvEit, atitair-vai, va.lr. to enervate; 
weaken. 

Enfa'iteau, -x, ang-fey-to, -e, sm. pantile, 
ridge-tile. 



En fakement, ang-fcyte-mang , sm. ridge of 
lead. 

Enfaiter, ang-fay-tai, va. 1 r. to finish the 
ridge. 

Enfance, ang-fangsse, sf. infancy; begin- 
ning. 

Enfant, ang-fang, smf. infant, child. Cou- 
rage, mrs enfans, cheer up, my lads. 

Enfant de ciiceur, ang -fang -d/.ur, sm. 
chorister. 

Enfant trouve, ang -fang -iroo-vai, sm. 
foundling. 

Enfant a la mammei.i.e, ang-fang-tah-lali- 
maJi-meU, mi. suckling, child at the breast. 

Enfans fekdus, ang-fangJte-pair-deue, snip. 
forlorn hope (vide obs. 4). 

Enfantement, aii(/-fangle-mang, sm. child- 
birth. 

Enfanter, ang-fang-tai, va. 1 r. to give 
birth to. 

Enfantillage, ang -fang -le-yahje, sm. child- 
ishness. 

Enfantin", -e, ang -fang -taing, -leen, adj. 
childish. 

Enfarise, -e, ang-fah-re-nai, -e, adj. pre- 
possessed. 

Enfariner, ang-fah-re-nai, va. 1 r. to cover 
with flour ; impose upon one. 

S'enfariner, 8 1 'ang-fah-re-nai, vref. to pow- 
der one's self with flour; adopt an opinion, 
&c. 

Enfer, ang-fai?; sm. hell, devil; disorderly 
place. 

Enfer (tisox d'), te-zong-d'ang-fair, sm. 
firebrand. 

Enferme, ang-fair-mai, sm. close musty 
smelL Sentir Venferme, to smeil musty. 

Enfermer, ang-fair-mai, va. 1 r. to shut up ; 
comprise. 

Enferrer, ang-fag-rai, va. 1 r. to pierce 
through. 

S'enfeurer, s\ing-fay-rai, vref. to hurt 
one's self. 

Enfilade, ang-fc-lad, sf. series, row; enfi- 
lade. 

Enfiler, ang-fe-lai, va. 1 r. to thread ; go, 
run through. Enfder un discours, to begin 
a long story ; — une rue, to go through a 
street. 

Enfin, ang -faing, ad. in short, at last, 
finally. 

Enflam.mer, ang-Jlah-mai, va.lr.to kindle. 

S'enflammer, s'ang-flah-mai, vref. to catch 
fire. 

S 1 enflammer de, s 1 'ang-flah-mai-duh, vref 
to fall in love, or into a passion, A.c. 

Enfle, -e, any-ftai, -e, adj. .swelled; puffed 
up. 

Enfler, ang-flai, va. and n. 1 r. to swell, 
augment, puff up. 

Enflure, ang-jieur, sf. swelling; pride; 
bombast. 

Enfoncejment, ang -fongsse - in ang, sm. re- 
cess ; depth ; sinking ; distance. 

Enfoncer, ang fong-sai, va. 1 r. to drive in ; 
sink ; rout. Enfoncer une parte, to break 
open a door. 

S'knfoncek, spang -fong-sai, vref. to sink in : 
apply. 

Enfonceur, ang-fong-sur, sm. breaker into ; 
boaster. 

Enfoncure, ang-fong-seur, sf. bottom of a 
cask, back of a closet, drawers, Are. 

Exforc'IRj any fur-seer, va. 2r. to strengthen. 

175 



ENG 



ENJ 



S'enforcir, s'ang-for-seer, vref. to grow 
strong'. 

Enfoutr, ang-foo-eer, ra. 2 r. to bury ; hi He. 

Enfourcher, ang-foor-shdi, ra. 1 r. to be- 
stride. 

Enfourner, ang-foor-nai, va. n. 1 r. to put 
iu the oven, &.C., begin, undertake. 

Enfreignant, ang-fra-ing-yang, pres. part, 
of enfreindre, infringing. 

Enfreignis, ang-frai-ing-ye, pret. def. of 
enfreindre, infringed. 

Enfreindre, ang-fraingdr, va. 4. irr. to in- 
fringe. 

Enfreins, ang-fraing, pres. ind. of enfrein- 
dre, infringe. 

Enfreint, -e, ang-fraing, ■(, p. part, of en- 
freindre, infringed. 

Enfroquer (s'), s'ang-fro-Jeai, vref. 1 r. to 
turn monk. 

E.n'foir (s'), 8 , ang-feu-eer, vref. 2 irr. to run 
away, or out, evaporate. 

Enfu.1, ang-feu-e. p. part, of s'enfuh-e, run 
away. 

Enfuis (je m'), 7ijn]i-ma.ng-feu-e, pres. ind. 
and pret. def. of ' s'enfuire, I run, ran away. 

E.nfumer, ang-feu-mai, va. 1 ;■. to smoke ; 
"hunt out (vide obs. 4). 

Enfuyant (*."), sang-fett-e-yang, pres. part. 
of tfenfuire, running away. 

Engage, ang-gJiali-ltjai, sm. temporary ser- 
vant. 

Engageant, -e, ang-ghah-hjang, -te, adj. in- 
sinuant. 

Engagement, ang-ghaJije-mang, sin. mort- 
gage ; attachment ; enlisting ; engagement. 

Engager, ang-ghah-hjai, va. 1 r. to pledge, 
begin ; promise ; list ; oblige ; engage. En- 
gager son CMiir, to love ; — le combat, to 
light. 

S 1 engager A, s'ang-gJmh-hjai-ah, vref. to 
promise ; hire one's self; enlist ; cn^-.v^o. 

Engagiste, ang-gTiah-hjeest, sm. mortgagee. 

Engainer, ang-guey-nai, va. 1 r. to sheathe. 

Engeance, ang-njangsse, if. race, progeny ; 
brood. 

Engelure, anghje-leur, nf. chilblain. 

Engendrer, ang-hjang-drai, va. 1 r. to be- 
get, produce. 

Engerber, ahg-7ijair-bai, va. 1 r. to bind, 
rear up in sheaves. 

E.VtIN, ang-7ijding, am. engine. 

Engeober, ang-gto-bai, va. 1 r. to gather up 
in a ball. 

Engloutir, ang-gloo-teer, va. 2 r. to swal- 
low up. 

Engluer, ang-gleu-ai, va. 1 r. to limo ; glue. 

Engoncer, ang-gong-aai, va. 1 r. to render 
the shape stiff and formal ; ill fit, disfigure. 

Engorgement, ang-gorhje-mang, sm. ob- 
struction. 

Engoeger, ang-gor-hjai, va. 1 r. to block 
up, obstruct. 

Engoeement, ang-gooe-mang, em. hoarse- 
ness ; choking ; infatuation. 

Engocer, ang-goo-ai, va. 1 r. to obstruct the 
throat. 

S'engouer, s' 'ang-goo-ai, vref. to be infatua- 
ted with. 

Engouffrer (s'), s'ang-goo-frai, vref. 1 r. 
to sink, get into. 

Engouler, (nif/-</oo-lai, va. 1 r. to gobble, 
swallow greedily. 

Engourdi, -e, ang-goor-de, -e, adj. dull, 
heavy, stupid. 
.176 



Engourdir, ang-goor-deer, va. 2 r. to be- 
numb ; make torpid. 

ENGOURDISSEMENT, ang -goor - deess - many, 
mi. numbness. 

Engrais, any-grey, sm. manure ; grass ; fat- 
tening. 

Engraissee, ang-gray-sai, va. 1 r. to fatten ; 
manure. 

S'ENGRAISSER, s'ang-gray-sni, vref. to grow 
fat, rich. 

Eng ranger, ang-grang-hjui ', ra. 1 r. to lay 
up in the barn. 

Engraver, ang-grali-vai, va. 1 r. to run 
aground. 

Engrelurk, ang-grcy-leur, .<•_/". narrow edg- 
ing (vide obs. -1). 

Engrenage, ang griih - nahje, sm. order, 
catching of wheels. 

Engrener, ang-gruh-nai, va. 1 r. to put 
corn in the hopper ; feed animals upon 
corn ; begin. 

Engrosser, ang-grosai, va. 1 r. to get with 
child, make pregnant. 

Engrumei.er (s"), s'ang-greum-lai, vrtf. 1 r. 
to clod, concrete. 

Enhardtr, ang-har-deer, va. 2 r. to em- 
bolden, encourage. 

S'enhardir, s'a/i'/-Jiar-dver, vref. to grow 
bold. 

En it a R n a C heme NT, ang7tar-nas7i-mang, sm. 
harnessing ; harness. 

EnharnaCher, angdiar-nah-shai, va. 1 r. to 
harness. 

Eniiaut, ang-7we, ad. above; up stairs. 

Enigmatique, ai-neeg-mah-teek, a<lj. ob- 
scure. 

Enigmatiquement, ai-neeg-vnati-teek-mang , 
ad. in an obscure, figurative manner. 

EnIGMe, ai-neegm, sf. riddle, obscure ques- 
.tion. 

Enivrant. -e, ang-neev-rang, -te, adj. intoxi- 
cating ; bewitching 1 . 

Enivkement, <i ng-neevr-mang, sm. drunken- 
ness ; infatuation; delirium. 

Enivrer, ang-ne-vrai, va. 1 r. to intoxicate ; 
blind ; dazzle ; infatuate. 

S'enivrer, s' ang-ne-vrai, vref. to get drunk ; 
be dazzled. 

F,x J AT>m£u, ang-7ijangd>ai,sf. stride, long step. 

Enjambement, ang-lijangbe-rnang, sm. link- 
ingof two syllables in a verse. 

Enj amber, ang-hjang-itai, va. n. 1 r. to stride; 
run into. 

Enjaveler, ang-7javdai, va. 1 r. to bind into 
sheaves. 

Enjec, ang-7iju7i, sm. stake, wager. 

Enjoignant, ang~hjoo-a7i-ing-yant, pres. 
part, of enjoindre, enjoining. 

En'joignis, ang-njor>-ah,-ing-ye, pret. def. of 
enjoindre, enjoined. 

Enjoindre, ung-hjoo-aingdr, ra. -1 irr. to en- 
join ; order. 

E.vjoin's, ang-hjoo-aing, pres. ind. o^ enjoin- 
dre, enjoin. 

Enjoint, -e, afig-hjoo-aing, -te, p. part, of en- 
joindre, enjoined. 

Exjoler, ang-lijoe-lai, va. 1 r. to wheedle, 
cajole, entice. 

En'.toeeue, -se, ang-7joe-lur, -hilize, smf. 
wheedler, cajoler. 

Enjoeivement, ang-hjo-leev-mang, sm. orna- 
ment. 

Ex.ioliver, ang-7ijo-le-^vai, va. 1 r. to embel- 
lish, adorn. 



EXQ 



ENS 



Enjoliveur, any-hjo-le-vur, sm. adorner ; 
seller of trinkets. 

Enjoue, -k, any-hjoo-ai, -c, adj. lively, 
merry, cheerful. 

Enjouement, angJijooe-mcuig, tnn. liveliness. 

Enlacement, ang-luss-man;/, sm. entangling; 
maze. 

Enlacer, atig-lah-sai, va. 1 r. to lace; puzzle, 
entangle. 

Eni.aidir. ang-lay-deer, va. n. 2 r. to make, 
grow ugly. 

Enlatdissement, ang-lai-decss-mang, sm. 
disfigurement. 

Enlevement, aiiy-ltv-mang, sou rapture ; 
rape. 

Enlever, anrj-hih-rai, va. 1 r. to raise, carry 
off; takeaway; transport- EnleoerhVen- 
nemi, to take from the enemy. Enlever 
Ufferement, to whip up. 

Enlu miner, ang~leu-iae-nai, va. 1 ;•. to color. 

Enlumineur, -SE, ang-leu-me-nur, -nuhz", 
smf. colorist. 

Enluminure, angf-7eu-mt-neur.i »/. coloring; 
studied flondness of style. 

En'ntxi, -a, en-me, -e, smf. enemy, foe; fiend. 

Enxemi, -e, en-me, -e, adj. inimical, adverse. 

Ennobi.ir, ung-no-lleer, va. 2 r. to ennoble, 
distinguish. 

Ennui, ang-neu-e, sm. weariness; irksome- 
ness (vide obs. 4). 

Ennuyant, -e, ang-neu-e-yang, -te, adj. te- 
dious, wearisome. 

Ennuyer, any-ni-ii-e-yai, va. 1 /•. to weary; 
tire (vide obs. 4). 

S'ennuver, s-any-neu-e-yal, vref. to tire, be 
unsettled. 

Ennuyecsement, ang-neue-yuhze-mang , ad. 
tediously. 

Ennuyeux, -se, ang-neu-e-yuJi, -ze, adj. tire- 
some, fatiguing. 

IJnonce, ea-nang-sai, sm. statement. 

£noncer, ai-nong-sui, va. 1 ;•. to expose, de- 
clare, submit. 

S"enoncer, s'ai-nong-aai, vref. to express 
one's self. 

Enonciatif, -ye, ai-nong-syah-teef, -re, adj. 
declarative. 

Enonciation, ai-nong-syah-syong, sf. expres- 
sion ; declaration. 

Enorgueillir, an-or-guh-yeer, va. 2 r. to 
make proud. 

S'EXORGUEII.lik, -s 1 an-or-guh-yeer, vref. to 
grow proud. 

E-norme, ai-norm, adj. huge; enormous, 
_ dreadful. 

Enormement, ai-nor-mai-mang, ad. exces- 
sively. 

Enormite, ai-nor-me-tai, sf hugeness ; atro- 
city. 

Enquerant (s ? ), sang-J.ai-rang, pres. part, of 
s'enquerir, inquiring. 

Enquerant, -e, ung-kai-rang, -t, adj. in- 
quisitive. 

Enquerir de (s'), s\ing-l;ai-reer-duh, vref. 2 
irr. to inquire. 

Enquerrai (je m'), hjidi-mang-key-ral, fut. 
of s'enquSrir, I will inquire. 

Enquerrais (je m'), lijuh-mang-kcy-rey, 

condit. of s' enquerir, I would inquire. 
Enquete, ang-kayte, sf. inquiry; search. 
Enqukteur, ang-haytur, sm. inquirer; in- 
quisitor. 
Enquiere (je m?), hjuh-mang-lcyair, pres. 
subj. of s'enqudrir. 
(S*) 



Enquierent (s'), aang-hyair, 3 pers. pi. pr.es. 

ind. and subj. of s'enqudrir. 
ENQUIERS (je m'), hjuh-mahg-kyai, pres. ind. 

of s'engiuSrir, I inquire. 

Enquis (je m'), hjuh mang-Jcee, pret def. of 

s'inqiierir, I inquired. 
Enquis, -e, angkee, -s, p. part, of s'enqutrir, 

inquired. 
Enraciner (s'), s'any-ruli-se-nai, vref. 1 r. to 

take root. 
Enrage, -e, ang-rah-hjai, -e, adj. mad, fu- 
rious, impetuous. 
Enrageant, -e, ang-rah-hjang, adj. vexa- 
tious, provoking. 
Enrageu, ang-rah-hjai, vn. 1 r. to be mad ; 

in a great passion. 
Enrager (FA.jRE),faire-ang-rah-hjai, camp. 

v. 4 irr. to vex, torment, drive one mad. 
Enrayer, ang-ray-yai, en. 1 r. to furrow; 

put the spokes or trigger. 
E.nuayure, ang-rayyeur, sf first furrow, 

trigger ; putting of the spokes. 
'EnREGiKEKTER,ang-rai-hJe-man^-tai, va. 1 ?•. 

to form a regiment, enlist. 
Exregistrement, ang-rai-hjeess-lruh-maiu/, 

sm. registering. 
Enregisteer, ang-rai-hjeess-trai, va. 1 r. to 

register, record. 
Enrhumer, aug-reumai, va. 1 r. to give, 

cause a cold (vide obs. 4). 
S'li.NitHU-MELi, s'ang-reu-mai, vref. to catch a 

cold. 
Enrichir, ang-re-sheer, va. 2 r. to enrich. 
S'enrichik, s' ang-re-sheer, vref. to grow rich. 
Enrich issement, ang-re-shtess-viang, sm 

enrichment; ornament. 
Enrolkment, ang-rola-mang, sm. enrolment, 

listing. 
Enroler, ang-roe-lai, va. \r. to enrol, regis- 
ter. 
S'enroler, s 1 'ang-roe-lai, vref. to enlist, be a 

soldier, &c 
Enrouement, ang-rooe-mang, sm. hoarse- 
ness, 
Enrouer, ang-roo-ai, va. 1 r. to make hoarse 
S'ENROUER, s'any-roo-ai, vref to make one 1 

self grow hoarse. 
Enuocii.lkr, ang-roo-yal, va. 1 r. to rust, 

make dull. 
S'enrouii.ler, s'ang-ruo-yai, vref. to grow 

rusty ; dull. 
Enroulement, ang-rool-mang, sm. rolling 

up. 
Enrouler, ang-roo-lai, va. 1 r. to roll up, 

wrap round. 
Ensap.lement, ang-sah-Lluh-mang , sm. sand 

bank. 
Ensahler, ang-sali-blai, va. I r. to run upon 

sands. 
Ensacher, ang-sah-shai, va. 1 r. to put in a 

sack or bag. 
Ensanclanter, ang-sang-glang-iai, va. 1 r. 

to stain with blood, smear with gore. 
Enseigne, anysay-i/iy-yah, sm. ensign (offi- 
cer). 
Ensf.igne, anasay-ing-yuh, sf. sign ; flag. 
Enseignement, aiig-say-ing-yuh-mang, sm. 

instruction. 
Enseigner, ang-say-ing-yai, va. 1 r. to teach; 

inform. 
Enselle, -e, ang-say-lai, -e, adj. saddl 

backed. 
Ensemble, ang-sangbl, sm. whole ; harmony ; 
mass, 

177 



ENT 



ENT 



Ensemble, ang-sanghl, ad. together, jointly. 

Ensemenc3me.nt, ang-smangsse-mang, sm. 
sowing. 

Ensemencee, ang-smang-sai, va. 1 r. to sow. 

Enserrer, ang-say-rai, va. 1 r. to put in a 
green-house, shut up, contain. 

Ensevelir, ang-sev-leer, va. 2 r. to shroud ; 
conceal. 

S'ensevelir, s'ang-sev-her, are/, to bury 
one's self. 

Ensevelissement, ang-sev-leess-mang, sm. 
putting in the shroud ; retirement ; solitude. 

Ensevelisseur, -se, ang-seo-le-sur, -suhze, 
sm/. dresser of the dead. 

Ensorcellement, ang-sor-sell-mang, sm. 
magical spell ; charm. 

ENsoRCELEU.antf-so/s.s-Zaj, va. 1 r. to bewitch; 
charm. 

Ensorceleur, -se, ang-sorss-lur, -hthze, sm/. 
sorcerer, sorceress ; charmer, bewitcher. 

Ensoufrer, ang-soo-/rai, va. 1 r. to dip in 
brimstone. 

Ensuit (il s'), eel-sang-seu-ee, pres. ind. of 
s'ensuivre, it follows from. 

Ensuite, ang-seu-eet, ad. afterwards ; then. 

Ensuite de, ang-seu-eet-duh , pre}), after. 

Ensuivant (s ? ), sang-seu-e-vang, pres. part. 
of s'ensuivre, ensuing. 

Ensuivi, ang-seu-e-vee, p. part, of s'ensuivre, 
followed. 

Ensuivit (il s'), eel-sang-seu-e-iee, pret. def. 
of s'ensuivre, it followed from. 

Ensuivre (S'), s'ang-seu-eevr, vie/. 4 irr. to 
follow ; ensue, take place. 

Entablement, ang-tah-bluh-mang, sm. en- 
tablature. 

Entacher, ang-tah-shai, va. 1 r. to stain, 
tarnish. 

Entaille, ang-tah-yuh, s/. notch, jag, indent. 

Entailler, ang-tah-yai, va. 1 /•. to notch, 
indent. 

Entame, ang-tam, s/. first cut of a loaf. 

Entamer, ang-tah-mai, va. 1 r. to begin ; 
enter upon. 

Entamtke, ang-tah-meur, sf. slight cut. 

En tant que, ang-tang-kuh, conj. as, because. 

ENTASSEMENT, ang-tass-mang, sm. heap. 

Entasser, ang-tah-sai, va. 1 r. to heap, hoard 
up. 

Entasseur, -se, ang-tah-sur, -suhze, sm/. 
miser. 

Ente, angle, sf. graft, small branch inserted. 

Entement, angte-matig, sm. grafting, inser- 
tion. 

Entendement, angtangde-mang, sm. judg- 
ment. 

Entendeur, ang-tang-dur, sm. wise man. 

Entendre, ang-tangar, va. 4r. to hear, un- 

( derstand ; insinuate ; mean. Faites comme 
vous Ventendrez, do as you think best. 

S'entendre, s'ang-tangdr, vie/, to under- 
stand one another ; connive. 

S'entendre a, s'ang-tangdr-ah, vre/. to have 
skill in. 

Entendu, ring -tang -deu, sm. conceited man. 
Faire I'entendue, to be proud. 

Entendu (bie.n), byaing ang-tang-deu, ad. 
exp. certainly, without doubt. 

Entendu que (BIen), byaing-ang-tang-deu- 
kuh, conj. on condition that. 

Entendu, -e, ang-tang-deu, <i<i). heard ; in- 
telligent ; skilful ; well done. 

Entente, amg-tangte, sf. interpretation; sense. 

Enter, anq-tai, va. 1 r. to graft ; assume. 
178 



Enterinement, ang -tai-reen-mang, sm. 
grant. 

Enteriner, ang-tai-re-nai, va. 1 r. to grant ; 
ratify. 

Enterrement, ang-lai/r-mang , sm. burial. 

Enterrer, ang-tay-rai, va. 1 r. to bury; hide; 
outlive. 

Entete, -e, ang-tey-iai, -e, adj. headstrong ; 
prejudiced. 

Entkte, -e, ang-tey-tai, -e, sm/. obstinate 
man, woman. 

Entktement, ang-teyte-mang, sm. obsliuacy; 
prepossession ; enthusiasm. 

Enteter, ang-tey-tai, va. 1 r. to give the 
headache ; captivate ; make proud or obsti- 
nate. 

S'enteter, s 1 ang-tey-tai, vre/. to be prepos- 
sessed, obstinate, proud ; smitten. S'enteter 
d'ttne chose, to take a strong fancy to a 
thing. Viu qui entete, heady 'wine. 

Enthousiasme, ang -too -zy asm, sm. enthusi- 
asm. 

Enthousiasmer, ang-too-zyass-mai, va. 1 /-. 
to enrapt. 

Enthocsiaste, angtoo-zyast, sm/. passionate 
admirer ; visionary ; fanatic. 

Enthymeme, ang-te-meyme, sm. consequen- 
tial proposition drawn from the argument. 

Entiche, -e, angte-shai, -e, adj. beginning 
to spoil ; strongly attached to, prepossessed. 

Enticher, ang-te-shai, va. \r. to induce ; per- 
suade. 

Entier, ang-fyai,.im. -whole, totality, entirety. 
liemettre la chose en son entier, to restore a 
thing to its first state. 

Entier, -e, ang-tyai, -re, adj. whole, perfeet ; 
stubborn. 

Entier EMEST r ang-tyayre-mang, ad. entirely. 

Entite, ang-te-tui, sf. entity ; being, essence. 

Entoilage, ang-too-ah-lahje, sm. lining. 

Entoiler, cmg-too-ah-lai, va. 1 r. to line with 
linen. 

Entonner, ang-to-nai, va. 1 r. to fill a cask, 
etc., tipple ; tune ; begin to chant. 

Entonnoir, ang-to-noo-ar, sm. funnel; duct. 

Entorse, ang-torsse, sf. sprain; supplanting; 
perversion. 

Entortillement, ang-tor-te-yuli-mang, sm. 
twist. 

Entortiller, ang-tor-te-yai, va. 1 r. to in- 
twine; embarrass, perplex, entangle. 

Entourer, ang-too-rai, va. 1 r. to surround ; 
attend. 

Entournure, ang-toor-neur, sf. upper slope 
of the sleeve ; manner of acting. 

Entours, ang-toore, snip, environs; select 
friends. 

Entr'accuser (s'), s'ang-trdh-Tcu-zai, vre/. 1 
r. to accuse one another. 

Entr'acte, ang-traclct, sm. interlude ; inter- 
val. 

Entr'aider (s'), s'ang-lray-dai, vre/. 1 r. ;o 
help one another. 

Entrailles, ang-trhli-yuh, s/p. entrails ; 
heart ; love, tenderness, pity ; feeling. 

Entr'aimer (s'), s'ang-tray-mai, vre/. 1 r. 
to love one another. 

Entrain, ang-traing, sm. animation. 

Entrainant, -e, ang-trey-nang, -te, adj. at- 
tractive. 

Entrainement, ang-treyne.-mang, sm. at- 
traction. 

Entrainer, ang-trey-nai, va. 1 ;•. to drag; 
attract. 



EXT 



EXT 



Entraver, ang-trah-vai, va. 1 r. to clog; 
perplex. 

Entr'avertir (s'), s'ang-trah-uair-teer, vref. 

'1 r. to warn one anotlicr. 
Entraves, ang-trar, efp. clog; impediment. 

Kntre, angle, prep, between, among. 

ESVTBEBAIU.br, ang-truh-bah-yai, va. 1 r. to 
open a little. 

Entrebaiser (s'), s'nng-lruh-lay-zai, vref. 1 
r. to ki>s one another. 

EktrbCHAT, ang-truh-sJuih, sm. caper, dan- 
cing-step. 

Entrechoqcer (s'), (Pong-tTuh-sho-kai, vref. 
to collide ; contradict, oppose one another. 

E-Vtre-couper, ang-truh-koo-pai, ca. 1 r. to 
intersect ; interrupt ; separate. 

Entbe-dechirer (S')i ■•>'" c "</-( ruh-dai-sJie-rai, 
vref. 1 r. to tear one another. 

EXTRE-DETBUIBE (a'), s'a.ig-tnih-dai-treu- 
r. vref. 4 irr. like ddiruire, to destroy 
each other. 

Entredecx. ang-truh-duhe, sm. interme- 
diate space : ad. between both.. 

Entreponner (s"), .s' uug-truh-do-nai, vref. 
1 r. to give to one another. 

Entree, ang-traie, sf. entrance ; admission ; 
beginning. Droit* d' entree, duties on im- 
ports. D' entree, at first. 

Entrefaciier is' i. s'ang-truh-fah-shai, vref. 
1 r. to vex each other. 

Entrefaites, ang-truh-fayte, sfp. mean- 
while. 

Entrefaites (scr ces), teur-sey-zang-truh- 
fayte, ad. exp. in the mean while. 

Extregent. cmg-truh-hjang, sm. knowledge 
of the world. 

Entr'egorger (s'), s'ang-trai-gor-hjai, vref. 
1 r. to cut one another's throat. 

Enteegboxdeb (s ! ), s'ang-truh-grong-dai, 
vref. 1 r. to scold oue another. 

Entrehecrter (s : ), s'aug-truh-hur-tai, vref. 
1 r. to knock against one another. 

Entrelacement, ang-imh-1a88-mang,sm. in- 
tertwining, interlacing ; intermixture. 

Entrelacek, ang-truh-lah-sai, va. 1 r. to in- 
terlace. 

S'entrelacer, 8'ang-lruh-lah-sai, vref. to 
twine within one another. 

Entrelacs, ang-lruh-lah, smp. convoluted 
knots. 

Entrelarder, ang-truh-lar-dai , ta. 1 r. to 
lard ; mix, insert. 

Entreligne, ang-truh-lceng-yiih, sf. inter- 
lineation. 

Entreldibe, ang-trvJi-leU*eer, vn. 4 irr. to 
glimmer (vide o's i . 

Extremaxger (s'j, a'ang-truh-manghjai, 
vref. 1 v. to eat, destroy, ruin one another. 

Extremeler, ang-lruh*mey-lai, va. 1 r. to 
intermix. 

Entremets (je m"), hjuJi.m'angtr-mey, pres. 
ind. of s'entremeUre, 1 interfere. 

Entremets, ang-truh-mey, em. side dishes. 

Entre.mettant (s'), ufangtr-mey-tang, pres. 
part, of s'entremeUre, interfering. 

Extremetteur, -se, ang • truh • may - tur, 
•tuhze, emf. meddler, busy-body ; procuress. 

Extremettbe fs";. e'ang-truh-mettr, vref. 
4 irr. to meddle ; interfere, conciliate. 

Extremis, angtr-mee, p. part, of s'entre- 
/-" ttre, interfered. 

Extremis (je ic'), hjnh-m'angtr-mee, pret. 
def. of & entremettre, I interfered. 

Extbemise, ang-truh-meeze, sf. mediation. 



Entbkhdibb (S'), s'<ihf)truh-neu-eer, vref. 
4 irr. to hurt one another. 

Entree A3, ang-truh-pah, em. broken amble. 

Entrepercee (s), sangiruh-pair-eai, vref. 
1 r. to run one another through. 

Entrepot, ang-tridi-poe, sm. magazine, store- 
house. 

Entrepocssee (s')i s'nng-truh-poo-sai, vref. 
1 r. to push one another. 

Entreprenant, angtr-pruh-nang, pres. part, 
of entreprendre. 

Entreprenant, -e, arig-truh-pruh-nang, -te, 
adj. bold. 

Emtreprehdre, ang-truh-prangdr, va. ±irr. 
to undertake ; effect ; deride ; insult ; en- 
croach. 

Entrepreneur, -se, ang-truh-pruh-aur, 
-utilize, emf. undertaker; contractor. 

Entreprenne, angtr-prenn, pres. subj. of 
entreprendre, undertaking. 

Entreprennent, angtr-prenn, 3 pers. pi. 
pres. ind. and subj. of entreprendre, under- 
take. 

Entrepris. -e, ang-truh-pre, -ze, adj. impo- 
tent ; stiff. 

Entrepris, ang-truh-pree, p. part, and pret 
def. of entreprendre. 

Entreprise, ang-truh-preze, sf. undertaking. 
, Entreqcereller (S"), s'ang-truh-kuh-ray- 
lai, vref. 1 r. to quarrel together. 

Entrer, ang-trai, vn. 1 r. to enter ; share ;• 
begin. Entrer dans son sens, to be of one's 
opinion. 

Entreregarder (S'), s'ang-truh-ruh-ghar- 
dai, vref. 1 r. to look at one another. 

Entrerepondre (S'), s'ang-truhrai-pongdr, 
vref. to answer one another ; correspond. 

Entresecourib (S'), shtng-truh-suh-koo-reer, 
vref. 2 irr. to assist one another. 

Entresol, ang -t rah- sol, sm. range of low 
rooms between the two principal stories. 

ExTRE-sriVRE (s'), s' ' ang-truh-seu-ivr, vref. 
4 irr. like suivre, to follow one another. 

Entretemps, ang-truh-tanghe, sm. mean- 
time ; opportunity. 

Entretenant, ang-truli-iuh-nang, pres. part, 
of entretenir, maintaining. 

Entketenu, ang-truh-tuh-nev, p. part, of en- 
tretenir, maintained. 

Entretenir, ang-truh-tuh-neer, va. 2 irr. to 
hold fast, bind, maintain; amuse. Pour 
nous entretenir, as a matter of conversation. 

S'entretenir, *' ang-truh-tuh-neer, vref. to 
converse ; keep one another up. 

Entretiex, ang-truh-tyaing, sm. mainte- 
nance ; talk. 

Entretiendrai. ang-truh-tyaing-drai, fut. 
of entretenir, will maintain. 

Entretiendrais, ang-truh-tyaing-drey, con- 
dit. of entretenir, would maintain. 

Entretienne, ang-trvh-tyenn, pres. subj. of 
entretenir, may maintain. * 

Entretiennent. ang-truh-tyenn, 3 pers. pi. 
pres. ind. and subj. of entretenir. 

Entretiens, ang-truh-tyaing, pres. ind. of 
entretenir, maintain. 

Entretins. ang-trvhtaing, pret. def. of en- 
tretenir, maintained. 

Entretoise, angtruh-too-ahze, sf. upright 
beam. 

Entretuer (s'), s'ang truh-teu-ai, vref. 1 r. 
to kill each other, one another. 

Entreverrai, ang-truh-vey-rai, fut. of en- 
trevoir, will foresee. 

179 



ENV 



EPE 



Entreyerrais, ang-truh-vey-rey, condit. of 

entrevoir, would foresee. 
EntReyis, ang-truh-vee, pret. . def. of entre- 
voir, foresaw. 
Entrevoir, ang-truh-voo-ar, va. 3 irr. to 

have a glimpse ; foresee ; conceive. 
Entreyois, ang-truh-voo-ah, pres. ind. of 

entrevoir, foresee. 
Entreyoyant, ang truh-vooah-yang, pres. 
part, of entrevoir, perceiving. 

Entrevu, -e, ang-truh-veu, p. part, of entre- 
voir, foresaw. 

Entrevue, ang-tnihveue, sf. interview. 

BsTR'ODi'R, angiroo-eer, va. 2 irr. like oui'r, 
to hear imperfectly. 

Entr'ouvrir, ang-troo-vreer, va.2irr. like 
ouvrir, to open a little. 

S'entr'ouvrir, s'ang -troo-vreer, vref. to 
half-open, gape. 

Enture, ang-tear, sf. ingraftment. 

fisniriiRATi'oN, ai - neu - mai - ruh-syong, sf. 
counting over (vide obs. 4). 

Ejsumerer, ai-ncu-mairai , va. \r. to reckon 
singly. 

Entahir, ang-vah-eer, va. 2 r. to invade, 
usurp. 

Enyahissement, ang-vah-eess-mang, sm. in- 
vasion. 

Enyeloppe, angve-Jop, sf. outside, envelope. 

Enveloppement, angve-lop-mang, sm. fold- 
ing up. 

E>"yelopper, angve-lo-pai, va. 1 r. to en- 
velop, inwrap, hide ; conceal ; surround. 
Enveloppe discours, intricate discourse. 

S'enyelopper, s' angve-lo-pai, vref. to wrap 
one's self up. 

Enyenimer, angve-ne-mai, va. 1 r. to poison ; 
infect ; irritate. 

Enyerguer, ang-vair-gai, va. 1 r. to fasten 
the sails. 

Enverkai, ang-vey-rai, fut. of envoyer, will 
send. 

ENVERRAIS, ang-vey-rey, condit. of envoy er, 
would send. 

En vers, ang-vair, sm. wrong side; con- 
trary sense. 

En vers, ang-vair, prep, towards. 

A l'envers, ah-lang-vair, ad. exp. on the 
wrong side ; the wrong side outwards. 

E;,vi (a L'), ah-huig-ve, ad. exp. in emula- 
tion of. 

Envie, ang-vee, sf. envy ; need , desire ; 
jealousy. ' Celafait envie, that makes one's 
mouth water. Avoir envie de J aire, to in- 
cline to do. 

E.nvier, ang-vyai, va. 1 r. to envy, covet, 
wish for. 

Estieux, -se, ang-vyuhe, -ze, smf. and adj. 
envier ; envious. 

Environ, angve-rong, prep, about. 

Environ, ang-ve-rong, ad. nearly; almost. 

Environs, ang-ve-ronghe, amp. neighboring 
places. 

Environner, ang-ve-ro-nai, va. 1 r. to sur- 
round ; adorn ; attend ; invest. 

Envisages, ang-ve-zah-hjai, va. 1 r. to look 
at, revolve ; foresee. 

Esyoi, ang-voo-ah, am. message ; last stanza ; 
dedication ; envoi. 

ENVOlSINE, -e, ang-voo-ah-ze-nui, -e, adj. 
surrounded with neighbors. 

Envoler (s'), s'cuig-vo-lai, vref.lr. to fly 
away, take flight ; fleet ; vanish ; disap- 
pear. 

180 



Envoye, ang-voo-ah-yai, sm. envoy. 
Envoyer, ang-voo-ah-yai, va. 1 r. to send. 
Envoyer QUERIR, ang-voo-ah-yai-hai-reer, 

comp. v. to send for (vide obs. 6). 
Eolipyle, ai-o-le-peel, sm. ventilator. 
Epacte, ai-packt, sf. epact, supplementary 

_ days. 

Epagneul, -e, ai-pah-ing-yul,-l, smf. spaniel. 
Epais, ai-pey, sm. thickuess ; thick. 
Epais, -se, aipey, -pess. adj. thick, dense, 

_ close ; heavy ; dull ; clownish ; rude. 

Epaisseur, ai-pay-sur, sf. thickness; depth; 
density. 

Epaissir, ai-pai-seer, va. 2 r. to thicken. 

Epaississement, ai -pay -seess -mang, sm. 
thickening. 

Epamprer, ai-pangprai, ra. 1 r. to prune. 

Epanchement, ai-pangshe-mang, sm. effu- 

„ sion. 

Epancher, ai-pang-shai, va. 1 r. to shed ; 
spill ; open. 

S'epanciier, s'ai^ang-shai, vref. to diffuse ; 
trust. 

Epandre, ai-pangdr, va. 4 r. to pour ; scat- 
ter. 

S'epandre, s'ai-pangdr, vref. to spread ; ex- 
tend. 

Epanouir (s'), s 1 ' ai-pah-noo-cer , vref. 2 r. to 
expand ; bloom ; unfold ; cheer up. 

Epanouissement, ui-p>ah-noo-eess-mang, sm. 

_ opening. 

Epanouissement de cceur, de rate, ai- 
pah-noo-eess-inang<luh-kur t duh-ratt, sm. 

^ mirth, laughter. 

Eparer (s'), s'ai-pah-rai, vref. 1 r. to kick. 

Epargnant, -E, ai-par-ing-yang, -te, adj. 

_ saving. 

Epargne, ai-par-ing-yuh, sf. economy, sa- 

- ving. 

Epargner, ai-par-ingyai, va. 1 r. to spare; 
lay up ; save. 

S'epargner, sai-par-ing-yai, vref. to debar 
one's self. 

Eparpili.ement, ai-par-pc-yiih-mang, sm. 
scattering. 

Eparpiller, ai-par-pe-yai, va. 1 r. to scat- 
ter ; lavish. 

Epars, -e, ai-j>ar, -ss, adj. diffuse, widely 
spread. 

Eparvin, ai-par-vaing, sm. spavin. 

Epate, -e, ai-pah-tai, -e, adj. short, thick 
and flat ; without a foot. 

Epaule, ai-pole, sf. shoulder. 

Epaule, -e, aipo-lai, -e, adj. broken-shoul- 
dered, 

Epaulee, aipo-Jaie, sf shouldering ; help. 

Epaulement, ai-polr-mang, sm. buttress ; 
gabions. 

Epauler, ai-po-lai, va. 1 r. to break, disjoin 
the shoulder ; assist, help. 

Epaulette, ai-po-lett, sf. epaulet ; shoulder- 
knot. 

Epave, ai-pav, sf. and adj. sea-weed, wrack; 
strayed. 

Epe autre, ai-poe-tr, sm. small brown wheat; 
rve. 

Epee, ai-paie, sf. sword ; military man. 
Prendre Vepee, to turn soldier. 

Epeler, aip-lai, va. 1 r. to spell. 

Eperdu, -E, ai-pair-deu, adj. affrighted ; be- 
witched ; dismayed (vide obs. 4). 

Eperdument, ai-pair-deue-mang, ad. pas- 
sionately ; to distraction (vide obs. 4). 

Epeklan, ai-pair-lang, sm. smelt. 



EPI 



EPR 



Eperox, (lip-rang, sm. spur; beak-head, 
buttress. » 

fiPEROXXER, aip-ro-nai, va. 1 r to spur. 
lOXXlEU. aip-ro-nyai, sin. spurrier. 

Epervier, ai-pair-igii, sm. sparrow-hawk; 
net. 

Epiiebe, ai-feybe, sm. pubescent youth. 

Epiiemere, aifai-maijre, adj. ephemeral, of 
a day. 

Epiihmerides, ai-fai-mnireed, sfp. journal ; 
daily motions and situations of planets. 

EphidroSE, ai-ft-droze, sf. excessive perspi- 
ration. 

EpuoreS, aiforc, snip, ephori ; magistrates. 

En, ai-pe, sm. ear of corn, spike-head of 
balusters. 

Epiale, ai-pyal, adj. f. continual, with heat 
and cold. 

Epice, ai-peess, sf. spice ; fee. rain d'epice, 
gingerbread. 

Epicene, ai-pe-aeyne, smf. and adj. termina- 
tion applicable to both genders. 

Epicer, ai-pe-sai, va. 1 r. to spice. 

Epicerie, ai-pecss-ree, sf. spicery ; grocery. 

Spicier, ai-pe-syai, sm. grocer. 

EnrcRiEX, -xe, ai-p" ku-ryaing, -ryenn, 
adj. luxurious, fond of pleasure. 

Epidemie, ai-pe-dai-mee, sf. prevailing dis- 
order. 

ifiiMDEUiQUE, ai-pe-dai-meeJi, adj. catching, 
general, prevailing. 

Epiderme, ai-pe-dairme, sm. scarf-skin, cu- 
ticle. 

Epier, ai-pyai, va. n. 1 r. to spy, -watch, 
seize ; ear. 

Epierrer, ai-pyay-rai, va. 1 r. to clear of 
stones. 

Epiel*, ai-pyuh, sm. spear used in stag-hunt- 
ing. 

Epigrammatique, ai-pe-grah-ma-teek, adj. 
pointed. 

Epigrammatists, at-pe-grah-mah-tees1 t sm. 
•writer or repeater of epigrams. 

Epigeamhe, ai-pe-gram, sf. short pointed 
satire. 

Epigraphe, ai-pe-graf, sf. inscription, de- 
vice. 

Epilepsie, ai-pe-lep-sce, sf. convulsion, mo- 
mentary loss of sense, fit. 

Epileptiqite, ui-pe-hp-teek, smf. and adj. 
convulsed. 

Epilogue, ai-pedog, sm. short poem at the 
end of a play, &c, craving patronage. 

EpilOGOER, ai-pe-lo-gai, va. u. 1 r. to find 
fault, carp. 

Epilogueur, ai-pedo-gliuhr, sm. carper, 
caviller. 

Epixards, ai-pe-nahr, snip, spinage. 

Epixe, aipeen, sf. thorn, thorn-bush, prickle, 
sting. 

Epine blaxche, ai-peen-Uangshe, sf. haw- 
thorn. 

Epixe xoire, ai-peen-noo-ar, sf. blackthorn. 

Epixe yixette, aipeen-ve-net, sf. barberry- 
bush. 

Epixe DU DOS, ai-peen- den-doe, sf. back-bone. 

Epixette, ai-pe-net, sf. spinet, harpsichord. 

Ei'iKECX, -SE, ai-pe-nuhe, -ze, adj. thorny; 
vexatious. 

Epixgle, ai-paing-gJ, sf. pin; peg. 

Epixgles, ai-paing-g!, sfp. present ; pin- 
money. 

Epixclier, -e, ai-paing-gle-yai, -re. smf. pin- 
maker. 



Epixiere, ai-pe-nyaire, sf. hawthorn. 

Epixiers, ai-pe-nyaie, smp. thorn-boshes. 

Epipiiaxie, ai-pe-fah-nee, sf. twelfth tide. 

Epique, ai-pe.ek, adj. epic, narrative, heroic. 

Episcopal, -e, aS-peess-lco-pal, ailj. episcopal. 

Episcopat, at-peess-Jco-pah, sm. bishopric. 

Episcopaux, ai-peess-ko-poe, snip, episcopa- 
lians. 

EPISODE, ai-pe-zod, sm. incidental narrative. 

Episodiqce, ai-pe-zo-deek, adj. episodic. 

Episser, ai-pe-sai, va. 1 r. to splice. 

Epissoir, ai-pe-soo-ar, sm. rope-maker's tool. 

Epissure, ai-peseur, sf. splicing. 

Epistolaire, ai-pecss-to-lair, adj. of letters. 

Epitaphe, ai-pe-taf, sf. epitaph, inscription. 

Epithalame, ai-pe-tah-lam, sm. nuptial 
song, poem. 

Epitiiete, ai-pe-teyte, sf. qualifying adjec- 
tive. 

Epitome or epitome, ai-pe-tome or ai-pe-to- 
_ mai, sm. epitome, abridgment. 

Epitre, ai-peetr, sf. epistle ; letter ; dedica- 
tion. 

Eploke, -E, ai-plo-rai, -e, adj. weeping, full 
of tears. 

Eploye, -e, ai-ploo-ah-yai, -e, adj. expanded. 

EpluChage, ai-pleu-shahje, sm. picking. 

Epluciier, ai-pha-fliai, va. 1 r. to pick. 

Eflucheur, -se, ai-pleu-shur, -shuze, smf. 

^ picker. 

Eplcchures, ai-pleu-sJieure, sfp. pickings. 

Efoixte, -e, ai-poo-aing-tai, -e, adj. blunt ; 
dull. 

Epoixter, ai-poo-aing-tai, va. 1 r. to blunt. 

Epois, ai-poo-afi, sm. top antler of a stag. 

EpoXGE, ai-ponghje, sf. sponge. 

Epoxger, ai-pong-hjai, va. 1 r. to sponge. 

Epopee, ai-po-paie, sf. epic or heroic poem. 

Epoque, aipok, sf. epoch ; era ; particular 
date. 

Epoudrer, ai-poo-drai, va. 1 r. to dust, free 
from dust. 

Epouiller, ai-poo-yai, va. 1 r. to free from 
lice. 

EpOUMOXER (S'), s' ai-poo-mn-nai ', vref. 1 r. 
to fatigue one's lungs ; vociferate. 

5pousaili.es, ai-pon-zuh-yuh, sfp. wedding. 

EpOUSE, ai-)iooze, sf. wife, spouse; consort. 

Epocsee, ai-poo-zaic, sf. bride. 

Epocser, ai-poo-zai, va. 1 r. to marry, es- 
pouse, wed. 

Epousseter, ai-2)oo$s-tai, va. 1 r. to brush ; 
beat, bang. 

Epoussette, ai-poo-sett, sf. brush ; dusting- 
cloth. 

£pouvaxtable, ai-poo-vang-tabl, adj. fright- 
ful. 

Epouvaxtaelemext, ai-poo-vanq-tah-hluh- 
mang, ad. frightfully ; extremely. 

fipouvAXTAiL, ai poo ■ vang - tab. ■ i/uh, sm. 
scarecrow ; bugbear ; very ugly person. 

Epoutaxte, ai-poo-vangte, sf. fright, sudden 
fear. 

Spouvaxter, ai-poo-vang-tai, va. 1 r. to 
frighten. 

S'epolvaxter, s' ai-poo-vang-tai, vref. to be 
terrified. 

fipoux, ai-pooe, sm. husband, bridegroom. 

Epp.eigxaxt, ai-prai-ing-yang, pres. part, 
of epreindre, squeezing out. 

Epreioxis, ai- prai-ing -ye, pret. def. of 
ipreindre, squeezed out. 

Epreixdre, ai - praingdr, va. 4 irr. to 
squeeze out, 

1S1 



EQU 



EKU 



Epreins, aipraing, pres. ind. of epreindre, 
squeeze out. 

Efbeint, -e, ai-prainff, -te, p. part, of 
epreindre, squeezed out. 

Epreintes, ai-praingte, s/p. intestinal pains. 

Epeendre (s'j, s'ai-prangdr, vref. 4 irr. 
like prendre (only used in the p. part, and 
the compound tenses), to be struck with. 

Epreuve, aipruo, sf. trial ; proof; test. A 
Vepreuve de la pluie, proof against rain. 
II est a toute dpreuve, proof against all 
temptation. 

Epris, -E, ai-pree, -ze, adj. and p. part, of 
s'eprendre, struck with ; charmed. 

Epuouye, -e, aiproo-vai, -e, adj. unaltera- 
ble ; sure. 

Eprouver, ai-proo-vai, va. 1 r. to try, feel ; 
suffer. 

Eprouvette, ai-proo-vett, sf. cupel ; probe ; 
gauge. 

Epucer, m&eu-sai, va. 1 r. to kill fleas. 

EpuisablE*, ai-peu-e-zabl , adj. exhaustible. 

Epuisement, ai-peu-eeze-mang, sm. exhaus- 
tion ; weakness ; reduction. 

Epuiser, ai-peu-e-zai, va. 1 r. to exhaust; 
debilitate. 

Epurer, ai-peu-rai, va. 1 r. to purify. 

Equarrir, aikah-reer, va. 2 r. to cut square. 

Equ arriss AGV.ai-kah-rc-sahje, sm. squaring, 
expense of cutting square. 

Equarissement, ai ■ kah - reess - mang, sm. 
squaring. 

Equarissoir, ai-kah-resoo-ar, sm. bore. 

Equateur, ai-koo-ah-tur, sm. equator; great 
circle equidistant from both poles. 

Equation, ai-koo-ah-syong , sf. equation. 

Equerre, ai-kayre, sf. square, a measure. 

Equestre, ai-ku-estr, adj. on horseback. 

Equiangle, ai-ku-e-ang-gl, adj. of equal 
angles. 

EQC I distant, -E, ai-ku-e-drrss-tang, -te, adj. 
equidistant ; at the same distance. 

Equilateral, ai-k-u-e-lah-tai-ral, adj. with, 
or of equal sides. 

Equiliere, ai-ke-leebr, sm. equipoise. 

Equinoxe, ai-ke-noks, sm. equal days and 
nights. 

Equi.voxial, -e, ai-ke-nok-syal, adj. equi- 
noctial. 

Equipage, ai-ke-pahje, sm. retinue ; imple- 
ments ; crew. 

Equipee, ai-ke-paie, sf. foolish undertaking. 

Equipement, ai-keep-mang, sm. accoutre- 
ment, equipment ; equipage. 

Equiper, ai-Iie-pai, va. 1 r. to fit out ; use ill. 

S'equiper, s'ai-ke-pai, vref. to supply one's 
self. 

Equipollence, ai-ke-jw-langssc, sf. equal 
force. 

Equipollent, -e, ai-ke-po-lang, -te, adj. of 
equal force. 

A l'equipollent, ah-lai-ke-po-lang, ad. exp. 
equally, in proportion. 

Equipoli.er, ai-ke-podai, va. n. 1 r. to be 
equivalent. 

Equitable, aike-tabl, adj. just, conform to 
justice. 

Equitablement, aike-tah-bluh-mang, ad. 
justly. 

Equite, ai-ke-tai, sf. right ; justice. 

Equivaille, ai-lce-vah-yuh, prcs. subj. of 
equivaloir, may bo of equal value. 

Equivaili.ent, ai-ke-vah-yuh, 3 pers. pi. 
pres. ind. and subj. of equivaloir. 
182 



Equivalant, ai-ke-v'ali-lang, pres. part, of 
equivaloir, being of^qual value. 

Equivalent, -e. ai-ke-vah-lang, -te, adj. 
equal in value. 

Equivaloir, ai-ke-vah-loo-ar, vn. 3 irr. to 
be of equal value. 

Equivalu, ai-ke-vah-leu, p. part, of equiva- 
loir, been of equal value. 

Equivalus, ai-ke-vah-leu, pret. def. of equi- 
valoir, was of equal value. 

Equivaudrai, ai-ke-vau-di'ti, fut. of Equi- 
valoir, will be of equal value. 

Equivaudrais, ai-ke-vau-drey, condit. of 
equivaloir, would be of equal value. 

Equivoque, ai-ke-vok, sf. double meaning. 

Equivoque, ai-ke-vok, adj. ambiguous; 
doubtful. 

Equivoques, ai-ke-ro-kai, vn. 1 r. to equiv- 
ocate. 

Erable, ai-rabl, sm. maple-tree. 

Eradication, ai-rah-de-kah-syong, sf. root- 

. ing up. 

Erafler, ai-rah -ftai, va. 1 r. to graze, 
scratch. 

Eraflure, ai-rah-fleur, .<f. scratch. 

Erailler, ai-rah-yai, va. 1 r. to fray, dis- 
tort, twist. 

Eraillure, ai-rah-yeur, sf. twist ; wrest. 

Erate, -e, ai-rah-tai, -e, adj. nimble, active, 
lively. 

Ere, ayre, sf. era, epoch ; particular date. 

Erection, ai-reck-syong, Rebuilding, edifice. 

Ereinter, ai-raing-tai, va. 1 r. to break or 
sprain the back of; overload. 

S'ereinter, s' ' ai-raing-tai, vref. to break or 
sprain one's back ; fatigue one's self ex- 
cessively. 

Ergo, air-go, sm. argument, conclusion. 

Ergo, air-go, ad. then, therefore, for this 
reason. 

Ergo-glu, air-go-glen, sm. foolish conclu- 
sion. 

Ergot, air-go, sm. spur of a fowl, &c. 

Ergote, -e, air-go-lai, -e, adj. spurred ; 
shrewd ; selfish. 

Ergoter, air-go-tai, va. 1 r. to cavil ; cen- 
sure ; lop. 

Ekiger, ai-re-hjai, va. 1 r. to erect ; estab- 
lish. 

S'eriger en, s'ai-re-hjai-anq, vref. to set up 
for. 

Ermitage, air-me-talje, sin. cell of a hermit. 

Ermite, air-meet, sm. hermit; solitary. 

Erosion, ai-ro-zyong, sf. erosion, eating 
away. 

Erotique, ai-ro-teek, adj. inciting to love. 

Errant, -e, air-rang, -te, adj. errant, roving. 

Errata, air-rah-tah, sm. faults corrected at 
the end or beginning of a book. 

Erratique, air-rah-teek, adj. wandering. 

Erratique (fievre), fyayvr-air-rah-teek, 
sf. irregular fever. 

Erre, air, sf. speed : going on ; acting ; eon- 
duct. 

Errements, air-manghe, smp. last proceed- 
ings. 

Errer, air-rai, vn. 1 r. to wander, mistake ; 
err. 

Erreur, air-rur, sf. error ; mistake ; fault. 

Errone, -e, air-ro-nai, -e, adj. wrong, false, 
mistaken. 

Erudit, -e, ai-reu-de, -deer, smf. and adj. 
learned. 

Erudition, aireu-de-syong, sf. learning. 



ESC 



ESS 



Eri*gineux, -SE, ai-reu-hje nuke, -:e, adj. 
coppery. 

Eruftif, -ye, ai-reup-tceff, -r, adj. bursting 
forth. 

Eruption, ai-reupsyong, sf. breaking out, 
emission. 

Ertsipele, ai-reze-peU, 8m. erysipelas. 
/, ~ pers. sing. pres. ind. oi etre, art, 

Es, atss, prep, of, in (used after these titles 
only, maiti e is arts ; docieur is lettres). 

Escabeai:, -e, ess-kah-bo, -<\ sm. footstool. 

Escabelle, ess-kah-bett, sf. Email footstool. 

EsCADRE, c.-s-kadr, sf. squadron, part of a 
fleet. 

Escadrille, ess-kah-dre-yuJi, sf. small fleet. 

ESCADRON, ess-kah-drong, sm. troop; body 
of cavalry. 

EsCADRONNER, ess-kah-dro-nai, vn. 1 r. to 
form into squadrons, draw up in squares. 

Escalade, ess-Jcah-lad, sf. escalade, assault. 

Escai.adei:, ess-kah-lah-dai, va. 1 r. to scale ; 
m rin. 

Escalier, ess-kah-lyai, sm. stair, staircase, 
steps. 

Escalin, ess-kah-laing, sm. silver and copper 
coin. 

Escamotage, ess-kah-mo-tahje, sm. juggler's 
tricks. 

Escamoter, ess-kah-mo-tai, va. 1 r. to jug- 
gle, trick. 

EscaMOTEUR, ess-kah-mo-tur, sm. juggler; 
cheat. 

Escampette, ess-kang-pett, sf. sudden flight. 

Escampette (prendre de la poudre d'), 
prangdr-duh-lafv-poodr-d'ess-kang-pett, idi. 
exp. v. 4 irr. to go, run away slyly. 

Escapade, ess-kah-pad, sf. prank, wild flight. 

Escarbot, ess-kar-hoe, sm. scarab, beetle. 

Escarboccle, css-kar-bookl, sf. carbuncle. 

Escarcelle, ess-kar-sell, sf. large purse. 

Escargot, ess-kar-go, sm. snail ; ill-made 
ugly little man. 

Escarmocche, ess-kur-moosh, sf. skirmish. 

Escarmoucher, ess-kar-inoo-sJiai, vn. 1 r. to 
skirmish. 

Escarmouchecr, ess-7car-moo-shur, sm. skir- 
misher. 

Escarpb, ess-karp, sf. scarp ; sloping base of 
a wall. 

Escarpe, -E, ess-kar-pai, -e. adj. steep. 

Escarper, ess-kar-pai, va. 1 r. to cut aslope. 

Escarpix, ess-kar-paing, sm. pump ; thin 
light shoe. 

Escarpolette, ess-kar-po-lctt, sf. swing, see- 
saw. 

Escie>"t, ay-syang, sm. consciousness. 

Esclandre, ess - klangdr, sm. disgracing 
brawl or accident. 

Esi lavage, exs-klah-vanje, sm. slavery. 

Esclave, ess-klao, smf. and adj. slave, cap- 
tive. 

Escogriffe, ess-ko-greeff, sm. tall ill-made 
man ; shark, sponger, bold intruder. 

Escompte, ess-kongte, sm. discount. 

Escompter, ess-hong -tat, va. 1 r. to dis- 
count. 

Escopette, css-ko pelt, sf. small carbine. 

Escorte, ess-kort, sf. guard, retinue ; train. 

Escortek, es»-kor-tea, va. 1 r. to guard, con- 
voy ; attend. 

Escocade, css-koo-ad, sf. detachment of in- 
lantry. 

ESCOURGBE, ess-koor-hjai, sf. scourge, scour- 
ging. 



Escocrgeon, ess-koor-hjong, sm. early bar- 
ley. 

Escousse, ess-koosse, sf. leaping, spring. 

Esc rime, ess-creem, sf. fencing; wrestling, 
skill. 

Escrimer, ess-Jcre-mai, vn. 1 r. to fence. 
S'eserimer de qitelque chose, to dabble. 

S'escrimer, «' 'ess-kre-mai, vref. to dispute, 
argue. 

Escki.meur, rsskre-mur, sm. fencer, wrestler. 

ESCROC, ess-krok, sm. sharper, cheat; rascal. 

ESCROQOER, ess-kro-kai, va. 1 r. to cheat, 
trick out. 

ESCROQUERIE, ess - krok - ree, sf. cheating, 
sharking. 

ESCROQUEUR, -se, ess-kro-kur, -JcuJtze, smf. 
swindler. 

Espace, ess-pass, sm. space ; place, room ; 
extent. 

Esp a CEMENT, ess-pass-mang, sm. space. 

Espaceu, ess-pah-sai, va. 1 r. to leave a 
space. t 

ESPADON, ess-pah-dong, sm: sword held with 
both hands. 

Esfadonnf.k, ess-pah-do-nai, vn. 1 r. to 
light with a heavy sword. 

Espagnolette, ess-pah-ing-yo-lett, sf. fine 
ratteen. 

Espalier, ess-pah-lyai, sm. hedge of low 
fruit-trees. 

Espece, ess-payss, sf. species, kind, sort. 

Especes, ese-paysse, sfp. money ; coin ; com- 
modities. 

Esferance, ess-pai-rangsse, sf. hope. 

Esperer, ess-pai-rai, va. 1 r. to hope, ex- 
pect. 

Espiegle, ess-pyaigl, smf. and adj. wag ; 
mischievous. 

Espieglerie, ess -pyegl- ree, sf. wildness, 
pranks. 

Espion, ess-pyong, sm. spy, scout. 

Espionage, ess-pyo-naije, sm. secret obser- 
vation, informing. 

Espionner, ess-pyo-nai, va. 1 r, to spy, 
watch closely, inform. 

Esplanade, ess-plah-nad, sf. open space of 
ground. 

Espoir, ess-poo-ar, sm. hope. 

Esponton, ts*-poii<j-to>irj, sm. half pike. 

Esprit, ess-pre, sm. spirit ; soul ; mind ; ge- 
nius. L'n bel esprit, a wit. Esprit fort, 
freethinker. Reprendre sea esprits, to re- 
cover one's self. 

Esquif, ess-keeff, sm. skiff, small light boat. 

ESQDILLE, ess-kee-yuh, sf. splinter. 

Esquinancie, ess-lee-nang-see, sf. quinsy. 

ESQUIPOT, ess-ke-po, sm. barber's money-box. 

ESQUlSSE, ess-kee.es, sf. sketch; rough draught. 

ESQUISSER, ess-ke-sai, va. 1 r. to sketch, out- 
line. 

Esquiver, ess-Jie-vai, vn. n. 1 r. to avoid. 

S'esqliver, tfess-ke-eai, vref. to make one's 
escape. 

Essai, ay-say, sm. trial, attempt ; pattern ; 
test. 

Es&UK, ay -saing, sm. swarm ; crowd. 

Ess.u.mer, ay-say-mai, vn.lr. to swarm; 
crowd. 

ESSAKGEK, ay-sanghjai, xa. 1 r. to soak 
foul linen. 

ES8ARTER, ay-sar-tai, va. 1 r. to clear land 
from trees. 

Essayeb, aj/say-yai, va. 1 r. to try, at- 
tempt ; assay. 

1S3 



EST 



ETA 



Essayeue, ay-say-yur, sm. assayer. 

Esse, ess, sf. iron pin, piece of iron shaped 
like S. 

Esseau, -x, ay-so, -e, sm. small curved hat- 
chet. 

Essence, ay-sangsse, sf. essence ; nature ; 
odor. 

Essentiel, ay-sang-syel, sm. chief point, ob- 
ject. 

Essentiel, -le, ay-sang-syel, -I, adj. princi- 
pal. 

Essentiellement, ay-sang-syell-rnang, ad. 
essentially, in an important manner. 

Essieu, ay-syuh, sm. axletree. 

Essoe, ay-sor, sm. flight ; soar ; freedom. 
Prendre Vessor. to fly high. 

Essoree, ay-so-rai, va. 1 r. to dry in the air ; 
dry up. 

S'essoker, s'ay-so-rai, vref. to tower, soar 
up. 

Essoriller, ay-so-re-yai, va. 1 r. to crop 
the ears, &c. 

Essouffler, ay-soo-Jlai, va. 1 r. to put out 
of breath. 

S'essouffler, s' ay-soo-Jlai, vref. to be out of 
breath. 

Essui, ay-seu-e, sm. drying-place. 

Essui-main, ay-seu-e-maing, sm. towel. 

Essltfer, ay-seu-eyai, va. 1 r. to wipe ; dry; 
be exposed to ; put up with ; dry up. 

Est, ey, 3 pers. sing. pres. ind. of etre, is. 

Est, est, sm. east, quarter of the rising sun. 

Est (vent d'), vang-d'est, sm. easterly wind. 

Estacade, ess-tak-kade, sf. palisade, railing. 

Estafette, ess-tahfet.t, sf. courier, express. 

Estafier, ess-tah-fyai, sm. livery-servant ; 
(iron.) tall footman, bad women's bully. 

Estafilade, ess-tah-fedad, sf. slash, cut in 
cloth. 

Estafilader, ess-tah-fedah-dai, va. 1 r. to 
slash. 

Estaminet, ess-tah-me-ney. sm. club of 
drunkards and smokers ; public-house. 

Estampe, ess-tangpe, sf. print ; stamp. 

Estamper, ess-tang-pai, va. 1 r. to stamp ; 
cut out. 

Estampille, ess-tang-pe-yuh, sf. stamp, sig- 
net ; stamp office or officer. 

Estimable, ess-te-mabl, adj. worthy of es- 
teem ; good. 

Estimateur, ess-te-mah-tur, sm. appraiser ; 
judge. 

Estimation, ess-te-mah-syong, sf. valuation. 

Estime, ess-teem, sf. esteem, high value, re- 
gard. 

Estimee, ess-te-mai, va. 1 r. to value ; es- 
teem ; think. 

Estive, ess-teev, sf. ballast. 

Estoc, ess - tok, sm. long narrow sword : 
sword's point ; trunk ; lineage ; genius ; 
invention. 

Estocade, ess-to-kad, sf. long sword; thrust; 
cheat. 

Estocader, ess-to-kah-dai, rn. 1 r. to give 
thrusts ; contest warmly, dispute. 

Estomac, ess-to-mah, sm. stomach ; appetite. 

Estomaquer (s'), s' ess-to-mah-kai, vref. to 
be affronted, offended at. 

Estrade, ess-trad, sf. elevated floor of an .al- 
cove. 

Estrade (batteur d'), bah-tur-dess-trad, 
sm. scout. 

Estrade (battre l'), battr -less-trad, v. 4 irr. 
to scout, spy. 
184 



Estragon, ess-trah-gong, sm. tarragon. 

Estramacon, ess-trali-mah-song, sm. back- 
sword. 

Estramacon (COUP d'), koo-dess-lrah-mah- 
song, sm. gash. 

Estramaconxer, ess-lrah-mah-so-nai, va. 
1 r. to clash. 

Estropie, -e, ess-Uo-pyai, -e, smf. and adj. 
cripple, lame. 

Estropier, ess-tro-pyai, va. 1 r. to cripple, 
maim. 

Esturgeon, ess-teur-hjong, sm. sturgeon. 

Et, ai, conj. and ; yet ; also. 

Et cjetera, ait-sai-tai-rah, sm. and the rest, 

„ so on. 

Etablage, ai-tah-blahje, sm. stable expense. 

Etable, ai-tabl, sf. hog-sty, cow-house ; out- 
house. 

Stabler, ai-tah-blai, va. 1 r. to stall or sty. 

Etabli, ai-tah-ble, sm. shipboard ; joiners' 
bench. 

Etablir, ai-tah-bleer, va. 2 r. to establish ; 
fix; begin; settle; appoint; deduct; prove: 
form. Etablir Vetat de la question, to state 
the question. 

S'etablir, s' ai-tah-bleer, vref. to settle, set up. 

Etablissement, ai-tah-bleess-mang, sm. es- 
tablishment ; settlement ; institution, situa- 
tion. 

Etage, ai-tahje, sm. story ; degree ; condi- 
tion. 

Etager, ai-tah-hjai, va. 1 r. to thin ; shade 
the hair. 

Etai, ai-tay, sm. cable, great rope of a ship. 

Etaim, ai-taing, sm. nne carded wool. 

Etain, ai-taing, sm. pewter, compound 
metal. 

Etais, ai-fey, imperf. of etre, was.* 

Etal, ai-ial, sm. butcher's stall. 

Etalage, ai-tah-lahje, sm. display; show; 

„ dress. 

Etaler, ai-tahdai, va.l r. to expose, display. 

S'etaler, s'ai-tah-lai, vref. to enlarge upon; 

, fall. 

Etaleur, ai-lah-lur, sm. stall-keeper ; petty 
trader. 

£talier, ai-tah-lyai, sm. stall-butcher. 

Etalinguer, ai-tah-lain-gai, va. 1 r. to bend 
the cable to the ring of the anchor. 

£talon, ai-tah-long, sm. stallion ; standard. 

Etalonnement, ai -tali -Ion- mang, sm. 
stamping of weights or measures. 

Etalonner, ai-tah-la-nai, va. 1 r. to stamp 
weights, &c. 

Etalonneur, ai-tah-lo-nur, sm. overseer of 
weights. 

JStamage, ai-tah-mahje, sm. tinning. 

Etamer, ai-lah-mai, va. 1 r. to tin, cover 
with tin. 

IStameur, ai-lah-mur, sm. pewterer. 

Etamine, ai-tah-meen, sf. bornbasin ; sieve; 
trial. 

Etamine (passer par l'), pah-sai-pnr-l'ai- 
tah-meen, idi. exp. vn. 1 r. to undergo a 
severe examination. 

£tamure, ai-tah-meur, sf. pewter for tinning. 

Etanchement, ai-tangshe-mang, sm. stanch- 
ing- 

Etancher, ai-tang-shai, va. 1 r. to stanch, 
stop, dry up ; appease, satisfy. 

Etancon, ai -tang- song , sm. stay, prop, sup- 
port. 

ETANgoNNER, ai - tang - so-nai, va. 1 r. to 
prop, stay. 



ETI 



ETK 



Etaxg, ai-tang, srn. pond. 

ftTANGUE, ai-tang gue, sf. large pincers; 
nippers. 

fiTAMT, ai-tang, pres. part, of etre, being. 

Etape, ai-tahp, sf. mart ; storehouse ; pro- 
visions ; soliliers' allowance upon a march. 

Etapier, aitaJi-pyai, sm. victualler. 

Etat, ai-tah, sm. state, condition, way; 
kingdom. Regler Ve'tat, to settle the gov- 
ernment. L'n roup <l't : (ai, a decisive 
blow. Etre en etat, to be in readiness. 

Etau, -x, ai-to, -e, mi. screw-vice. 

Stayer, aitay-yai, va. 1 r. to prop ; sup- 
port ; help. 

ErE, ai-tai, sm. summer. 

£te, ai-tai, p. part, ot'etre, been. 

Eteig.naxt, ai-tai-ing-yaug, pres. part, of 
iteindre, extinguishing. 

Eteigxis, ai-tai-ing-ye, pret. def. of iteindre, 
extinguished. 

Eteigxoir, ai-lay-ing-yoo-ar, sm. extin- 
guisher. 

Eteixdre, ai-taingdr, va. 4 irr. to extin- 
guish. 

S'eteixdre, s'ai-taingdr, vref. to go out, 
cease ; die. 

Eteixs, ai-taing, pres. ind. of iteindre, ex- 
tinguish. 

Eteixt, -e, ai-taing, -te, p. part, of iteindre, 
extinguished. 

Eteixt, -e, ai-taing, -te, adj. extinct; dead ; 
weak. 

£texdaGE, ai-tang-dahje, sm. lines. 

EtexdaRD, ai-tang -dar, .sm. standard; party. 

Etexdoir, ai-tang-doo-ar, sm. lines ; peel. 

Etexdre, ai-langdr, va. 1 r. to spread, ex- 
tend. Etendre un arret, to explain a sen- 
tence at large. 

S'etexdre, s'ai-tangdr, vref. to enlarge; 
stretch. 

£texdc, -e, ai-tang-deu, -e, adj. wide, prolix. 

Etexdue, ai-tang-deu, sf. extent, space. 
Une. grande iteudue de pays, a vast tract 
of land. 

Eteexel, -le, ai-tair-nel, -I, adj. eternal ; 
endless. 

Eterxellehext, ai-tair-nell-mang, ad. for- 
ever. 

Eterxiser, ai-tair-ne-zai, va. 1 r. to im- 
mortalize. 

Steexite, ai-tair-neetai, sf. eternity. 

Eterxcmext, ai-tair-neu-mang, sm. sneez- 
ing. 

£terxuer, ai-tair-neu-ai, vn. 1 r. to sneeze. 

Eterxl'eur, -se, ai-lair-neu-ur, -uhze, sm. 
sneezer. 

Etesiexs, ai-iai-zyainghe, adj. mp. periodi- 
cal. Vents etesiens. vangne-zni-tai-zy- 
ainghe, trade-winds, monsoon. 

Et£temext, ai-teyte-mang, sm. heading of 
trees. 

Eteter, ai-tty-tai, ra. 1 r. to head a tree, 
kc. 

£tecf, ai-tuf, sm. tennis-ball. 

Eteute, ai-lut, sf. stubble. 

Ether, ai-tair, sm. ether; volatile prepara- 
tion. 

Ethere, -e, ai-tai-rai, -e, adj. ethereal, ce- 
lestial. 

£thiqce, ai-teek, sf. ethics ; morality. 

Etixcelaxt, -e, ai-taingsse-lang, te, adj. 
sparkling. 

Etixceler, ai-taingsse-lai, vn. 1 r. to sparkle. 

Etixcelle, ai-taing-seU, if. spark. 



Etixcei.i.emext, ai-taing - sell - many, sm. 
sparkling. 

Etiologie, ai-tyo-lo-hjce, sf. cause of a dis- 
ease. 

£tique, ai-teek, adj. lean, consumptive. 

Etiqueter, ai-teek-tai, cu.l /•. to note, mark. 

Etiquette, ai-te-kett, sf. note, ticket ; form. 

Etirer, ai-te-rai, va. 1 r. to lengthen, draw 
out. 

£toc, ai-tock, sm. dead stump of a tree. 

6T0FFE, ai-toff, sf. stuff; ability, disposition. 

Etoffer, ai-to-fai, va. 1 r. to stuff, line, 
thicken. 

Etoile, ai-too-al, sf. star ; fate ; asterisk. 
L'e'toile da berger, the morning or evening 

r star. 

Ktoii.e, -e, ai-too.-aJi-lai, -e, adj. starry. 

Etoiler, ai-too-uh-lai, va. 1 r. to make a star, 
crack. 

Etole, ai-tol, sf. stole. 

Etoxxammext, ai-tonah-mang, ad. surpri- 
singly. 

Etoxxaxt, -e, ai-to-nang, -te, adj. astonish- 
ing. 

Etoxxemext, ai-lonn-mang, sm. surprise ; 
starting. 

Etoxxer, ai-to-nai, va. 1 r. to start ; sur- 
prise. 

S'etoxxer, s'ai-to-nai, vref. to be astonished, 
wonder. 

BroUFFANT, -e, ai-too-fang, -te, adj. sultry. 

Etocffemext, ai-toof-mang, sm. choking. 

Etouffer, ai-toofai, va. 1 r. to suffocate, 
stop, hide. 

£touffoir, ai-loo-foo-ar, sm. extinguisher. 

EtOUPE, ai-toop, sf. tow. 

Etouper, ai-too-pai, va. 1 r. to stop, fix with 
tow. 

Etourderie, aiioord-ree, sf. heedlessness. 

Etourdi, -e, ai-toor-de, -e, smf. and adj. 
blunderer ; giddy, harebrained. A Ve'tour- 
die, heedlessly. 

Etourdimext, ai-toor-de-mang, ad. without 
thought. 

Etocrdir, ai-toor-deer, va. 2 r. to stun, tire; 
astonish; parboil: satisfy; calm. 

S'etourdir, s 'ai-toor-deer, vref. to deceive 

__ one's self. 

Etourdissaxt, -e, ai-toor-de-sang, -te, adj. 
stunning. 

Etocrdissesiext, ai-toor-deess-mang, am. 
giddiness. 

Etourxeac, -x, ai-toor-no, -e, sm. starling. 

Ktraxge, ai-tranghje, adj. strange, odd. 

Etraxgemext, ai - trunghje - mang, ad. 
strangely. 

Etraxger, ai-trang-Jijai, sm. sing, foreign 
country : with plur. stranger, foreigner. 

Etraxger, -e, ai-trang-hjai, -re, adj. for- 
eign ; strange. 

Etraxgle, -e, ai-trang-glai, -e, adj. too nar- 
row ; small. 

Etraxglemext, ai-tranggluh-mang, sm. 
strangling, narrow passage. 

Etraxgler, ai-trang-glai, va. 1 r. to stran- 
gle ; make too scanty; judge hastily. 

Etraxgctllox, ai-trang-gue-e-yong, sm. 
strangles ; choke-pear. 

Etre, eytr, v. aux. to be, exist ; belong. Cela 
est, that is true. Etre a /'aire, to be doing. 
Etre Men avee quelqu'un, to be even witlu 
Vous y etes, you are right, you've hit it. 

Etre debout," eytr-duh-bon, v. aux. to stand. 

Etre, eytr, un. being ; existence. 

185 



EUP 



EVE 



Etres, eytr, amp. rooms, places of a house. 

Etrecir, ai-trui-seer, va. 2 r. to make nar- 
row. 

S'etrecir, s' 'ai-trai-seer, vref. to shrink. 

Etrecissement, ai - trai - seess - rnang, sm. 
straitening, contraction. 

Etreignant, ai-trai-ing-yang, pres. part, of 
etreindre, binding. 

Etreignis, ai - trai - ing - ye, pret. def. of 
etreindre, tied close. 

Etreindre, ai-traingdr, va. 1 r. to bind ; tie 
close. 

Etreins, ai-traing, pres. ind. of etreindre, 
bind. 

Etreint (qui trop embrasse mal), ke-trop- 
ang-brass-mal-ai-traing, prov. grasp all, 
lose all. 

Etreint, -e, ai-traing, -te, p. part, of etrein- 
dre, bound. 

Etreinte, ai-traingte, sf. close binding ; 
embrace, hug, squeeze. 

Jtrense, ai-trenn, sf. handsel : plur. new- 
year's gift. 

Etrenner, ai-traynai, ra.n. 1 r. to handsel; 
use or do a thing for the first time ; give, 
receive a new-year's gift. 

Etresillon, ai-trai-ze-yong, sm. Stay, prop. 

Etresillonner, ai-trai-ze-yo-nai, va. 1 r. to 
prop. 

£tkier, ai-treyai, sm. stirrup. 

Etrille, ai-tre-yuk, sf. currycomb ; dear 
inn, <fec. 

Etrili.er, ai-lre-yai, va. 1 r. to curry; drub; 
extort. 

Etriper, ai-tre-pai, va. 1 r. to eviscerate, 
gut. 

Etrique, -e, ai-tre-hxi, -e, adj. scanty; short. 

Etriviere, ai-tre-vyayre, sf. stirrup-strap. 

Etrivieres, ai-tre-vyayre, sfp. lashes, 
whipping. 

Etroit, -e, ai-troo-ah, -t, adj. narrow, lim- 
ited ; strict. 

Etroit (a l'), ah-lai-troo-ah, ad. exp. closely, 
nearly. 

"QtrOitexext, ai-troo-at-mang, ad. narrowly. 

Etronconner, ai-trong-so-nai, va. 1 r. to 
disbranch. 

Etude, ai-teud, sf. study; learning. 

Etudiant, ai-teu-dyang , sm. student. 

Etudie, -e, ai-teu-dyai, -e, adj. studied, af- 
fected. 

Etudier, ai-teu-dyai, va. n. 1 r. to study. 

S'etudier a, s'ai-teu-dyai-ah, vref. to apply 
one's self to. 

Etui, ai-teu-e, sm. case, small box. 

Etuve, ai-teuv, sf. stove ; small oven. 

IJtuvee, ai-teu-vaie, sf. ragout. 

Etuyement, ai-teuv -inang, sm. fomenting. 

Etuver, ai-teu-vai, va. 1 r. to foment, stupe. 

Etymologie, ai-te-mo-lo-hjee, sf. derivation. 

Etymologique, ai-te-mo-lo-lijeek, adj. etymo- 
logical ; relating to etymology. 

Etymologiste, ai-te-mo-lo-hjeest, sm. ety- 
mologist. 

Eu, -e, eu, p. part, of avoir, had. 

EuCharistie, uh-7cah-reess-tee, sf. commu- 
nion. 

Eucharistique, uh-kah-reess-tcelc, adj. of the 
Lord's supper. 

EuCRASiE, vh-krah-zee, sf. good constitution. 

Eunuque, uh-neuk, sm. eunuch. 

Eupepsie, uh-pep-see, sf. good digestion. 

Euphonie, uh-fo-nee, sf. agreeable sound, 
melodv. 
186 



Euphorbe, uh-forb, sf. euphorbium (plant, 
gum). 

Eurofome, uh-ro-pome, sm. ephemeral but- 
terfly. 

Eurythimie, xih-re-te-mce, sf. harmony; skill. 

Ecs, eu, pret. def. of avoir, had. 

Eusse, euss, imperf. subj. of acoir, might 
have. 

Eux, uhe, pron. mp. they, them. 

Evacuant, -e, ai-vah-ku-ang, -tc, smf. and 
adj. evacuant. 

Evacuation, ai-vah-ku-ah-syong, sf. dis- 
charge. 

fivACUER, ai-vah-ku-ai, va. 1 r. to clear; fjT.it. 

fivADER (s'), s'ai-vah-dai, vref. 1 r. to escape. 

Evagation, ai-vahghah-syong, sf. wander- 

, ing- 

Evaluation", ai-va-leu-ah-syong, sf. appraise- 
ment. 

^valuer. ai-vah-Jeu-ai, va. 1 r. to value. 

Evangelique, ai-ranglijai-lcek, adj. evan- 
gelical ; agreeable to the gospel. 

Eyangeliquement, aivaiiy-Ljui-teck-mang, 
ad. agreeably to the gospel. 

Evangeliser, ai-vang-hjai-lee-zai, va.n. 1 r. 
to preach, instruct in the gospel. 

Evangeliste, ai-vang-hjai-leet>t, sm. writer 
or preacher of the gospel. 

fivANGILE, ai-vamg-hjeel, tin. gospel. 

Evanouir (faire), faire - ai ■ vah - non - eer, 
comp. v. 4 irr. to annul, destroy, cause to 
faint. 

Evanouir (s'), sai-vah-noo-eer, vref. 2 r. to 
faint ; vanish 

Evanouissement, ai-vah-noo-eess-mang , sm. 
swoon. 

Evaporation, ai-vah-po-rah-syong, sf. dissi- 
pation ; giddiness. 

Evapore, -E, ai-rah-po-rai, -e, smf. and adj. 
hare-brained ; giddy-braiDed, thoughtless. 

Evaporer, ai-vah-po-rai, va. 1 r. to give 
way to. 

S'evaporer, s'ai-vah-po-rai, vref. to fly off; 
addict one's self to. 

£vaser, ai-vaJt-zai, v. lr. to widen, expand. 

S'evaser, s'ai-vah-zai, vref. to widen, spread. 

Evasion, ai-vah-zyong, if. excuse, subter- 
fuge. 

Evix'HE, ai-tey-shai, sm. bishopric ; episco- 
pacy. 

Eveil, ai-vay-yult, sm. warning, hint. 

Eveille, -E, ai-vay-yai, -e, adj. smart, quick, 
waggish. 

Eveiller, ai-vay-yai, va. 1 r. to awaken, 
wake, rouse. 

Evenement, ai-vain-mang, sm. eveut ; end. 

Event, ai-rang, sm. flat taste ; vent ; touch- 
hole, ventilator. 

Eventail, ai-rang-tah-yuli, sm. fan. 

Evantailuste, ui-vang-tah-yeest, sm. fan- 
maker. 

Eventaire, ai-vang-tayre, sm. flat fruit - 
basket. 

fivENTE, -E, ai-vang-fai, -e, adj. giddy ; flat. " 

Eventbr, ai-vang-tai, va. 1 r. to fan, air ; 
discover. 

S'evanter, s'ai-vang-tai, vref. to grow flat. 

fivENTOIR, ai-vang-too-ar, sm. fire-fan. 

Eventrer, ai-vaiuj-trai, va. 1 r. to rip open, 
split. 

Eventuel, -le, ai-vang-teu-ell, adj. eventual. 

Eventueli.ement, ai-vang-teu-eU-mang , ad. 
in the event. 

Eveque, ai-veyke, sm. bishop, prelate. 



EXC 



EXE 



Aversion, ai-vair-ryong, sf. overthrow; ruin. 
EvERTUER (s'), s'ai-vair-ttu-ai, pre/. 1 r. to 

rouse, endeavor, exert one's self. 

Eviction, ai-veek-syong, tf. ejectment ; evi- 
dence. 

Evidemment, ai-v-dah-mang, rid. evidently. 

Evidence, ai-ve-datigsse, sf. evidence. 

Evident, -e, ai-ce-dang, -te, adj. clear ; man- 
ifest 

Evider, ai-ce-dai, va. lr. to unstarch ; cut a 
slope. 

Evier, ai-vyai, sm. sink. 

Evincer, ai-vaing-sai, va. 1 r. to dispossess ; 
eject. 

Evitable, ai-ve-tahl, adj. avoidable, evitable. 

Evitee, ai-ve-taie, sf. room to turn round. 

Evitek, at-ce-fot, pa. 1 r, to avoid ; spare. 

Evocable, av-vo-kabl, adj. liable to appeal. 

Evocation, ai-vo-kah-syong, sf. appeal ; con- 
juring:. 

EvoCATOIRE, a i-rodtah-too-ar, adj. removing 
to another court. 

EVOLUTION, ai-volru-syong, sf. evolution. 

Etoquer, ai-vo-kai, va. ir. to conjure up; 
appeal. 

Ex, eks, prep, (which placed before a noun, 
denotes a former rank or office), late, before. 

Exacte, ay-gzak-f, adj. accurate; strict; 
punctual. 

Exactement, ay-gzakte-mang, adj. exactly. 

Exacteur, ay-gzak-tur, sm. extortioner. 

Exaction, ay-gzak-syong, sf. extortion. 

Exactitude, ay-gzak-te-teud, sf. assiduity, 
precision, accuracy ; care. 

Exagerateur, ay-gzahdijai-raJilur, sm. am- 
plifier. 

Exageratif, -ve, ay-gzalidjai-rah-feeff, -v, 
adj. hyperbolical, exaggerating ; excessive. 

Exageration, ay-gzah-hjai-rah-syong, sf. 
heaping together ; hyperbole ; excess. 

Exagerer, ay-gzah-hjai-rai, va. 1 r. to ex- 
aggerate. 

ExxLTATJOJf, ay-gzal-tah-syong, sf. exaltation, 
height ; rank : power. 

Exalted., ai-gsal-tai, ra. lr. to extol : praise. 

Examen, ay-r/zah-maing, sm. examination. 

Examixateur, ay-yzah-me-nah-tur, sm. ex- 
aminer. 

Examiner, ay-gzah-me-nai, va. 1 r. to ex- 
amine. 

S'examiner, s'ay-gzah-me-nai, vref. to dive 
into one's self. 

Exarchat, ay-gzar-shah, sm. sub-patriar- 
chate. 

Exarque. ay-gzarrk, sm. sub-patriarch. 

Exasperation, ay-gzass-pai-rah-syong, sf. 
irritation. 

Exasferer, ai-qzass-pai-rai, va. 1 r. to irri- 
tate. 

S'exasperer, s'ay-gzass-pai-rai, vref. to be 
raging. 

Exaucer, ay-qzo-sai, va. 1 r. to grant, attend 
to. 

Excavation, eks or essdiah-vah-syong, sf. 
cavity. 

Excaver, eks or ess-kah-vai, va. 1 r. to hol- 
low. 

Excedant, aylsai-dang, sm. overplus. 

Exceder, ay-hsai-dai, 1 r. to exceed ; tire. 

Excellemment, ay ksaydah-mang, ad. ex- 
cellently, to an eminent degree. 

Excellence, aydrmydangsse, sf. excellence. 

Excellent, -e, ay-ksay-lang, -ie, adj. excel- 
lent 



Excellentissime, aydtaay-laUg te-seem, adj. 
most excellent. 

Exceller, aydci,oydai, va. 1 r. to excel, sur- 
pass. 

Excentricite, aydisang-tre-setai, sf. devia- 
tion. 

Excentrique, ayd;sang-treek,adj. deviating; 
irregular ; anomalous. 

Excepte, ai-ksep-tai, prep, unless ; except ; 
save. 

Excepter, ay-kseptai, va. 1 r. to except. 

Exception, ay-Taep-syong, sf. exception. 

Exces, ay-ksey, sm. excess; debauch ; riot. 

Excessif, -ve, ay-ksay-Reeff,-v, adj. excessive. 

Excessivement, ay-Ksay-seev-mang, ad. ex- 
cessively ; exceedingly. 

Excise, ay-kseeze, sf. excise ; duty. 

Excitatif, -ve, ay-kse-tah4eeff, -v, ad. ex- 
citing. 

Excitation, ay-kse-tali-syong, sf stirring up. 

Exciter, ay-kse-tai, va. 1 r. to excite, stir up. 

Exclamation, eks or ess-klah-mahsyo/ig, sf. 
exclamation ; shout. 

Exclu, eks-kleu, p. part, of exclure, excluded. 

Excluant, eksddeu-ang, pres. part, of exclure, 
excluding. 

Exclure, eks or essddeur, va. iirr. to ex- 
clude ; hinder ; except. 

Exclus, eks-kleu, pres. ind. and pret. def. of 
exclure, exclude, excluded. 

Exclusif, -ve, eks or ess-leu-zeeff, -zeev, adj. 
excepting, exclusive. 

Exclusion, eks or ess-kleu-zyong, sf. exclu- 
sion, exception. 

ExcLUSiVEMENT,e£s or ess-kleu-z'-ev-mang, ad. 
exclusively. 

Excommunication, eks-ko-meu-ne-kah-sycmg, 
sf. excommunication. 

Excommunier, eks-ko-meu-nyai, ra. 1 r. to 
excommunicate. 

Excoriation, eksko-ryah-syong, sf. raising 
or loss of the skin. 

Excorier, eks-ko-ryai, va. 1 r. to strip oSf the 
skin ; flay. 

Excrement, eks-krai-mang, sm. excretion. 

Excrementeux, -SE, eks-krai-mang -tune, -ze, 
adj. excretive, excremental. 

Excretion, eks-krai-syong, sf. separation of 
animal substance. 

Excroissance, eJcs-kroo-ah-sangsse, sf. ex- 
crescence. 

Excursion, eks-kure-syong, sf. excursion. 

Excusable, eks-ku-zabl, adj. pardonable. 

Excusation, eks-ku-zah-syong, sf. plea. 

Excuse, eks-kuse, sf. excuse, apology. 

ExcuSER, eks-ku-zai, va. 1 r. to excuse ; par- 
don ; disengage. 

S'excuser, 8'ek8-Jcu-sai, vref. to decline. 

Exeat, ay-gzai-at, sm. leave, permission. 

Execrable, ay-gzaidcrabl, adj. hateful, de- 
testable. 

Execrablement, ay-gzai-krah-bluli-mang, 
ad. abominably, odiously. 

Execration, ay-gzai-krah-syong, sf. curse, 
horror. 

Execrer, aik-sai-krai, ra. 1 r. to abhor, de- 
test, 

Executer, ay-gzai-ku-tai, va. 1 r. to put into 
execution ; do ; perform ; put to death ; dis- 
train. 

Executeur, ay-gzai-ku-tw, sm. executioner. 

ExECUTEUR, -TRICE, ay-gzai-kutur, -truss, 
smf. trustee. 

Execution, ay-gzai-ku-syong, sf. execution. 

187 



EXO 



EXP 



Execctoire, ay-gzai-ku-too-ar, mi. writ of 
execution ; executory. 

Exemplaire, ay-gzang-playre, sm. model, 
example. 

Exemplaire, ay-gzang-playre, adj. exem- 
plary. 

Exemplairement, ay-gzang •playre-mang^ 
ad. in an exemplary manner. 

Exemple, ay-gstangpl, sm. example, pattern. 

Exempt, ay-gzang, em. bailiff. 

Exempt, -e, ay-gzang, -te, adj. exempt, free. 

Exempter, aygzangtai, va. 1 r. to exempt, 
free. 

Exemption, ay-gzangpe-sj/ong, ef. privilege, 
freedom. 

Exerceb, ay-gzair-sai, va. 1 r. to exercise, 
train up. 

S-exercer a, s'ay-gzair-sai-ah, vref. to prac- 
tise, apply one's self to. 

Exercice, ay-gzair-seess, sm. exercise, prac- 
tice ; trouble ; duty. 

Exergue, ay-gzairg, sm. inscription, date on 
a medal, coin, &c. 

Exfoliation, eks-fo-lyah-syong, sf. exfolia- 
tion, peeling off. 

Exfolier (s'), s' ' eks-fo-lyai, vref, 1 r. to shell, 
peel off, scale. 

Exhalaison, ay-gzah-lay-zong, sf. exhala- 
tion. 

Exhaler, aygzahlai, va. 1 r. to exhale, vent. 

S'exbaler, s'ay-gzah-lai, vref. to evaporate. 

Exhaussement, ay-gzoess-mang, sm. eleva- 
tion. 

Exhausser, ay-gzoe-sai, va. 1 r. to raise up. 

Exheeepation, aygzai-rai-dah-syong, tf. 
disinherison. 

Exhereder, ay-gzai-rai-dai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
inherit. 

Exhiber, ay-gze-bai, va. 1 r. to exhibit ; 
show. 

Exhibition, ay-gze-be-syong, sf. producing. 

Exhortation, ay -gzor-tah- syong, sf. exhor- 
tation. 

Exhorter, ay-gzor-tai, va. \r. to exhort, in- 
cite. 

Exhumation, ay-gzeu-mah-syong, sf. disin- 
terring, taking out of the grave. 

Exhumer, ai-gzeu-mai, va. 1 r. to disinter, 
take out of the grave. 

Exigeant, -e, ay-gze-hjang, -te, adj. difficult 
to please. 

Exigence, ay-gze-hjangsse, sf. want, need ; 
distress. 

Exiger, ay-gze-hjai, va. 1 r. to demand ; 
force. 

Exigible, ay-gze-hjeebl, adj. requirable. 

Exigu, -e, ay-gze-yu, -e, adj. minute, small, 
exile. 

Exiguite, ay-gze-gu-e-tai, sf. diminutiveness. 

Exil, ai-gzeell, sm. exile, banishment. 

Exile, -e, ay-gze-lai, -e, smf. exile, person 
banished. 

Exiler, ay-gze-lai, va. 1 r. to banish, exile. 

Bxistant, -e, ay-gzeess-tang, -te, adj. alive, 
living. 

Existence, ay-gzeess-langsse, sf. being, life. 

Exister, ay-gzeess-tai, vn. 1 r. to exist ; live ; 
be. 

Exode, ay-gzod, sm. exodus ; catastrophe ; 
farce. 

Exorable, ay-gzo-rabl, adj. exorable ; in- 
clined to mercy. 

Exorbitamment, ay-gzor-be-tah-mang, ad. 
excessively, exorbitantly. 
188 



Exorbitant, -e, ay-gzor-be-tang, -te, adj. ex- 
cessive. 

Exorciser, ay-gzor-se-zai, va. 1 r. to exorcise, 
adjure. 

Exorcisme, ay-gznr-seessm, sm. form of ad- 
juration. 

Exorciste, ay-gzor-seest, sm. expeller of evil 
spirits. - >». 

Exorde, ay gzord, sm. exordium, preface. 

Exotique, ay-gzo-teek, adj. foreign, not indi- 
genous. 

Expansible, eks-pang-seebl, adj. capable of 
extension. 

Expansif, -ve, eks-pang-seeff, -v, adj. expan- 
sive. 

Expansion, eks-pang -syong, sf. extent: width. 

Expatrter, eks-pah-lre-yai, va. lr. to banish. 

S'expatrier, «' ekspaJi-tre-yai, vref. to leave 
one's country. 

Expectant, -e, eks-peck-tang, -te, smf. ex- 
pectant, waiting. 

Expectation, eks-peck-lah-syong, sf. expecta- 
tion, hope. 

Expectative, eks-pcck-tah-teev, sf. expectan- 
cy. 

Expectorant, -e, eks-peck-to-rang, -te., smf. 
and adj. expectorative. 

Expectoration, eks-peck-to-rah-syong, sf. 
spitting. 

Expectorer, ekspeck-to-rai, va. 1 r. to spit, 
eject spittle. 

Expedient, eks-pai-dyang, sm. and adj. 
means ; resource ; necessary, fit, proper, 
suitable. 

Expedier, el;s-pai-dyai ', va. 1 r. to dispatch, 
hasten, send ; kill ; finish. 

Expeditif, -VE, eks-pai-deteeff, -teev, adj. 
expeditious ; speedy, quick. 

Expedition, eks -pai - de - syong, sf. haste, 
speed : plur. dispatches. 

Expejmtionnaire, eks-pai-de-syo-nayre, sm. 
writer of dispatches ; transcriber; clerk. 

Experience, eks-pai-ryangsse, sf. practice ; 
trial. 

Experimental, -e, eks-pai-re-mang-tal, adj. 
experimental, by trial. 

Experimente, -e, eks-pai-re-mang-tai, -e, 
adj. tried ; skilful, wise by experience. 

Experimenter, eJcs-pai-re-mang-tai, va. 1 r. 
to try, practise, know by practice. 

Expert, eks-pair, sm. arbitrator, umpire ; 
valuer. 

Expert, -e, eks-pair, -t, adj. skilful, dexter- 
ous. 

Expiation, eks-pe-yah-syong, sf. atonement. 

Expiatoire, elcs-pe-yuh-ioo-ar, adj. expia- 
tory. 

Expier, eks-pyai, va. 1 r. to expiate, atone for. 

Expiration, eks-pe-rah -syong , sf. breathing; 
end ; term ; evaporation. 

Expirer, eks-pe-rai, va. n. 1 r. to breathe out; 
die ; end, become due. 

Expletif, -VE, eks-plai-teejf, -teev, adj. use- 
less. 

Explicable, eks-ple-kaU, adj. explainable. 

Explicatif, -TE, eks-ple-kah-tceff, -teev, adj. 
explicative. 

Explication, eks-ple-kah-syong, sf. exposi- 
tion. 

Explicite, cks-ple-seett, adj. clear ; precise. 

Explicitement, eks-ple-seelt-mang, ad. plain- 
ly- 

Expliquer, eks-ple-kai, va. 1 r. to explain ; 
show. 



EXT 



EXU 



S'expliqcer, s'eks-plc-kai, tref. to explain 
one's Bel£ 

Exploit, eks-ploo-dh. sm. feat ; deed ; writ. 
Exploit d' assignation^ a summons. — de 
s<ii*ie, execution upon judgment. 

Exploitable, eks-ploo-ah-tabl. adj. salable, 
wrought; tillable; distrained. 

KxPt.OiTAJHT,eksploo-ah-tanff, sm. summoner; 
officer serving summons. 

Exploitation, eks - ploo - ah • tali - syong ; sf. 
clearing of lands. 

Exploiter, eks-ploo-ah-tai, va. 1 r. to sell; 
work; cultivate; profit ; fell; summon. 

EXPLORATEUR, eks-plo-rah-tur, sm. searcher, 
examiner. 

Explorer, eks-plo-rai, va. 1 r. to explore, 
search, examine. 

Explosion, ek»-pJo- syong, sf explosion, 
burst. 

Exportation, eks-por-lah-syong, sf exporta- 
tion. 

Exporter, eks-por-tai, va. 1 r. to export, 
transport. 

ExPOSANT, -E, ehi-po-zany, -te, smf. and adj. 
petitioner. 

Expose, eks-po-zai, sm. complaint ; narra- 
tive. 

Exposer, eks-po-zai, va. 1 r. to lay open ; 
expose ; pass ; venture ; abandon. Expo- 
ser en vente, to put to sale. 

S'exposer a, s 1 ex-po-sai-ah, vref. to run the 
risk. 

Exposition, eks-po-ze- syong, sf. display; 
sale ; narrative ; declaration ; detail. 

Expres, efcs-prei/, sm. express, messenger. 

Expres, -se, eis-prey, -press, adj. precise, 

• formal. 

Expres, efts-prey, ad. purposely, by design. 

Exfressement, ekspray-sai-mang, ad. ex- 
pressly. 

Expressif, -te, ekspray-seeff, -v, adj. ener- 
getic. 

Expression, eks-pray-syong, sf. expression. 

Exprimable, eks-pre-mabl, adj. expressible. 

Expkimei:, eks-pre-mai, va. 1 r. to squeeze 
out ; express, utter, represent, denote. 

S'EXPRIMER, s' eks-pre-mai, vref. to express 
one's self. 

Exproprier, eks-pro-pre-yai, va. 1 r. to dis- 
possess. 

ExprjLSEK, flcs-peul-sai, va. 1 r. to drive out ; i 
force away. 

Expulsif, -ve, eks-peul-seeff, -seev, adj. ex- 
pulsive. 

Expulsion, eks-peul-syong, sf. expelling. 

Exquis, -e, ekskce, -ze, adj. exquisite, ex- 
cellent. 

Extase, eks-taJize, sf. ecstasy, rapture ; tor- 
por. 

Extapie, -e, eks-tah-zyai, -e, adj. raptured, 
ravished. 

Extasier, eks-tah-zyai, va. 1 r. to enrapt, 
ravish. 

S'extasier, s' eks-tah-zyai, vref. to be enrap- 
tured. 

Extatique, eks-tah-teek, adj. rapturous. 

Extensible, ekz-tang-seebl, adj. extensible. 

Extension', ehs-tang-syong, sf. extension. 

Extenuation, els-to i-neu-ah-syony, sf. ema- 
ciation, muscular decay. 

Extenuer, eks-tai-neu-ai, va. n. 1 r. to weak- 
en, emaciate ; lose flesh. 

Exterieur, eks-tai-ryur, sm. outside ; ap- 
pearance. 



Exterieur, -e, eks-tai-ryur, -e, adj. out- 
ward, external, visible. 

Exterieurement, eks - hi I ■ ryur - many, ad. 
outwardly, id appearance. 

Exterminateur. eks-tair-me-nah-tnr, sm. 
and adj. rn. exterminator; destroying. 

Extermination, eks-tair-me-nah tyong, sf. 
destruction, overthrow, annihilation. 

Extermtner, eks-tair-me-nai, va. 1 /•. to de- 
stroy ; abolish ; extirpate ; put out. 

Externe, eks-tairn, smf. day boarder or 
scholar. 

Externe, eks-tairn, adj. external, outward. 

Extinction, eks-taingke-syong, f-f. extinction. 

ExTiBPA.TEVU,eks-teer-pan-tur, mh. destroyer. 

Extirpation, eks-tecr-pah-syony , sf. rooting 
out. 

Extirper, eks-teer-pnl. rn. 1 r. to root out ; 
destroy. 

Extorquer, eks-tor-kai, va. 1 r. to extort, 
wring. 

Extorsion, eks-tor-syong, sf. exaction. 

Extraction, eks-irack-syong, sf. extraction; 
race. 

Extraire, eks-trayre, va. 4 irr. to extract ; 
abridge. 

Extrais, eks-trey, pres. ind. of extraire, ex- 
tract. 

Extrait, -e, eks-trey, -te, p. part, of extraire, 
extracted. 

Extrait, eks-tray, sm. extract ; epitome. 

Extra judiciare, eks-trah hjeu-de-syayre, 
adj. out of the regular course of the law. 

Extrajudiciairement, eks - trdh - hjeit - de- 
si/ai/re-manq, ad. extrajudicially ; irregu- 
larly. 

Extraordinaire, eks-trah-nr-de-nayre, sm. 
extraordinariness ; remarkableness. 

Extraordinaire, eks-trah-or-de-neiyre, adj. 
rare ; singular, uncommon ; fortuitous ; 
strange. 

Extraordixairement, eks-trah-or-de-nayre- 
inatty, ad. in an extraordinary manner. 

Extravagance, eks-trah -rah- ghansse, sf. 
wildness ; waste ; prodigality. 

Extravagant, -e, eks-trah-vah-gang, -te, 
smf'. and adj. extravagant ; wild ; prodi- 
gal, expensive. 

Extravaguer, eks.-trah-vah-yai, vv. 1 r. to 
extravagate ; talk, act, think foolishly. 

Extravasation, eks-trah-vah-zah-syrjug, sf. 
extravasation, diffusion of the blood. 

Extravaseu (s'), s' elcs-trah-rah-zai, vref. 1 
r. to be diffused, forced out of the proper 
containing vessels. 

Extrayant, eks-trai-yany , pres. part, of ex- 
traire, extracting. 

Extreme, eks-treyme, sm. extreme ; utmost. 

Extreme, eks-treyme, adj. extreme ; great- 
est ; last. 

Extremement, eks-treyme -many, ad. ex- 
tremely. 

Extreme onction, ekstreyme-onyke-syony. 
sf. anointing, sacrament administered to 
the dying. 

Extremite, eks-trai-me-tai, sf. extremity ; 
remotest part ; agony ; misery ; excess. A 
toute extremite, when the worst comes to the 
worst. Eire a V extremite, to be dying. 

Extiunseqce, eks-traing-seck, adj. outward. 

Exuberance, ay-gzeu-bai-rangsse, sf. super- 
fluity ; overgrowth ; luxuriance. 

Exuberant, -e, ay-yzeu-hai-rany, -te, adj. 
over-abundant ; superfluous ; redundant 

189 



FAC 



FAT 



ExrirKicATKiN, ay-gzevl-tai-rah-tyong, sf. 

. beginning of An ulcer. 
Exulcerer, ajf-ffzeul-eai-rai, va. 1 r. to ex- 

- ite ; corrode, enrage. 
Exultation, ay-gteul-tahsyong, sf. overjoy. 
Exi lter, aj-gzeal-tai, in. 1 r. to exult. 



F. 



Fa, t'nh, tm. fa, 4th note in music 

Fa r. i. :., fithlil, tf. fable ; fiction ; story ; fib. 

Fabliau, -x, fuh-Ue-ya, -e, tm. ancient poet- 
ical tale. 

1 ibbicakt, fah-bre-kang, sm. mannfaetnrer. 

Fab k, fah-bre-kah-tur. tm. work- 

in m ; artist; (iron.) author ; inventor. 

Fabrication, fah-bre-kah-eyong t sf. coining; 
inventing ; dei ising. 

FabriCIEX, fah-bre^iyaing, sm. church-war- 
den. 

Fabrique, fah-breek, tf. manufacture ; edi- 
fic '.. 

1 I IRIQUER, fihhre-kni, DO. 1 r. to manu- 
facture ; coin; compose ; invent; plan. 

Fab hi \t. f<ih-beu-luhze-mang, ad, 

ilously, i:i Bel 
n.KLX, -se, fah-beuAuhe, -zr, adj. fabu- 
lous. 

IDE, fah-tad, tf. front (of a house); 

. face, visage ; surface ; aspect. 
i i one's face. 
Face (faisb), fai re-fast, idi. exp. va. 4 Irr. 

;.rir, fuhsai-see, tf. playfulness ; jest ; 
w aggery. 

Facei ieisemen't, fah-sai-xyuhze-mang, ad. 
l.v. 

FaCETIEDX, -SK,fah-tai-*ytthe, -ze, a<1j. gay, 
cheerful. 

Facette, fah-sett, tf. angular cut of a dia- 
mond. 

FaCETTER, fah-xay-tai, va. 1 r. to face into 
squares. 

FACHE, -e, fith-tlhai, -<\ adj. sorry; anprj'- 

Facbeb, fah-shai, va. 1 r. to vex; attlict ; 
provoke. 

Sr k a<: her, tvfofbh-thai, vref. to be angry. 

F.v iierie, fhth-ree, tf. trouble; affliction. 

FaCHEUX, -SB, fiihshiihe, -ze, tmf. ami adj. 
troublesome, odd ; captious ; grievous, sad 
man or woman. 

Facile, fuh-teeTI, adj. easy ; natural, pliant. 

Facilement, faJi-teell-mung, ad easily. 

Facilite, fcih-te-le-tai, tf. facility ; gentle- 
ne-- 

Faciliter, fah-xe-le-tai, va. 1 r. to facilitate. 

YAQOS,fahsong, tf. manner; dressing; ap- 
pearance ; way : plur. affected, ceremoni- 
ous manners. Wagon de purler, way of 
speaking. 

Fac.u.n- i;ue (de), duli-fah-song-kuh, con}, so 
that. 

Fa<;onner, fnhsn-nai, va. n. 1 r. to fish- 
ion ; instruct ; dress ; perfect ; be ceremo- 
nious. 

Se faconner, tuh-fah-to-nai, vref. to adopt 
genteel manners, ways, Ac. 

Faqonnier, -e, fah-so-nyai, -re, tmf. and 
(i lj. ceremonious, formal man, woman. 

Facteur, facb-tur, sm. factor, agent; post- 
man. 

190 



F A.cticz, fack-teets, adj. made by art, facti- 
tious. 

Factiecx, -SB, fack-eyuhe, -ze, a<lj. factious, 
seditious. 

FACTIEUX, fack-tyuhe, sm. party man, abet- 
tor. 

Faction, fack-syong, tf. watch, guard ; fac- 
tion. 

Factionnaire, fark-sijo-nayre, am. sentry. 

Factorebie, fac-tor-ree, tf. factory. 

F ai totl'.m, fack-to-tom, tm. general servant. 

Factum, faek-tom, sm. plea; note; case. 

P acture, fm-k-ti nf, sf. factnre ; invoice. 

I' H i i.TE, juh-kiili t'ii, f. faculty ; poi 

Fadaisk, fah-deyze, tf. gewgaw; bauble-; 
nonsense. 

Fade, /ad, adj. insipid ; dull, heavy ; silly. 

F aheci:, fnh-dnr, tf. insipidity, Billiness. 

Fagot, fah-go, tm. fagot ; bundle, handful. 

Fagots (coatek ijesi, kong-tai-dey-fah-goe, 
idi. exp. v. 1 r. to tell idle Btories, talk 
none en 

Fagotage, faJi-go-tahje, tm. making of fag- 
ots; clumsy work; confused medley. 

FaGOTEB, fah-go-Uxi, va. 1 /■. to fagot; bun- 
dle. 

Be fagoter, tuh-fah-go-tai, vref. to bundle 
one's self up, dress without taste. 

Fagoteur, fah - i/o- lur, am. fagot-maker; 
bungler. 

Fagotin, fuh-go-taing, sm. jack-pudding; 
monkey. 

V.\\m.t:,fai/ll, adj. weak, feeble ; easy ; ten- 
der. 

Faiblement, fay-lluh-mang, ad. weakly, 
scarcely. 

FuBLtssE, fay-bless, tf. weakne 4 

1'aiblik, fay-bleer, in. 2 r. to .soften ; bend; 
relax. 

Fa! i.nce, fah.-yang.ixe, sf. china ware. 

FaIencerie, fah^yangste-rie, tf. china man- 
ufactory, trade. 

Faienciek, -e, fah-yang-syai,-re, tmf. china- 
ware seller. 

Faille (qu'il), Iccel-fhh-yuh, pres. subj. of 
falluir, may be necessary. 

F.\n.i.i,/(i/i-yc, sm. bankrupt, insolvent. 

FaILU, -e. fah-ye, -e. adj. and p. part, of 
failKr, foiled ; closed ; broken. 

Faillibilitb, fah-ye-be-le-tai, if. fallibility, 
liableness to error. 

Failliu, fah-yeer, vn. 2 irr. to fail, miss; 
sin. j'irai In tanafaiUir, I shall go there 
certainly. 

Faillis. fah-ye, pret. def. offaiflir, failed. 

Failute, /<//(•.>/"/', tf. bankruptcy : failure. 

Faim, faing, sf. hnnger ; immodi rate desire, 
avidity. Avoir faim. to be hungry. 

Faineant, -e, fay-nai-ang, ■>/', tmf. and adj. 
sluggard ; lazy, idle, inactive. 

Faineanter, fay-nai-ang-tai, vn. 1 r. to 
loiter, be idle, inactive. 

Faineantise, fay-nai-ang-teeze, sf. sloth, 
laziness ; idleness. 

Faire, fayre, va. n. 4 irr. to do, make ; act ; 
be ; produce ; write ; execute ; cause ; ex- 
cite ; shuffle. 

Faire fairs, fayre-fayre, comp. r. 4 irr. to 
order, bespeak, command. 

Faire a (se), tuh-fayre-ah, vref. to inure 
one's self to. 

Faire fort de (se), tuh-fayre-for-duh, vref. 
to take upon one's self to; rely, depend 
upon. 



FAL 



PAE 



Faire accroire (s'ek), a'ang/ayre-ah-kroor 

ar, (■■■.nf>. vrrf. to be conceited; deceive, 

impose upon. 
F \i<, /■;/, pros. itul. of /aire, do, make. 
wu.K, /uh-zabl, adj. practicable. 
VS, /ay -sang, sin. pheasant;. 
FaisANDeau, -x,/ay-zang-do, -e, sin. voting: 

pheasant. 
FaBAHDER, fay-zang-dai, va. 1 r. to give 

or hare the taste of venison. 
Faisanderie, fay-zangde-ree, sf. pheasants' 

breeding place. 
FAISANDIER, fay-zany -dyai, am. breeder, 

s. 11 (r of pheasants. 
Faisant, /uh-zang, pres. part, of /aire, ma- 

kin.L'. 
Faisceau, -X, fay-sn, -e, sin. bundle; focus; 

fasces. 
Faiseur, -se, fuJizur, -euhze, tmf. doer, 

maker. 
Faisselle, /ay-seU, a/, cheese-rat. 
F.\ir. /ay, »»n. tuA, action ; point ; violence. 
Fait, -v., /ay, -te, adj. and p. part, of /dire, 

done, ma le, ended ; used to ; gTOwn up, 

adult. (Test fait dn mot, I am undone. 

Comme il/aut, as it should be. Comlnen 

faita-voua ce drap ? how much do yon ask 

for that cloth'/ Qu'en aoezvoua it faire? 

What i-; that to you f Faire navoir, to send 

word of. Faire voir, to show. II fait 

ehaud, it is warm weather. 
Fait a fait, fay-tah-fay, ad. exp. in pro- 
portion. 
Tout a fait, too-tah-fay, ad. exp. entirely, 

quite. 
De fait, duh-fiy. ad. rxp. truly, indeed. 
En fait de, any fay-dull. prep, in point of. 
£ti:k ai: fait, eytr-o-fay, idi. exp. v. aux. 

to know. 
Faitack,/' y -taliy, sm. roofing of a house. 
Faite, feyte, sm. ridge of a house, top ; high- 
est pitch. 
FARES, feyte, 2pers. pi. prcs. ind. and im- 

per. or /aire, make, do. 
Fait-exfbxs, fay-teks-prey, sm. concerted 

affair. 
Faitieue, fey-tyayre, tf. pantile; beam; 

cross pole. 
Faits or iiai't faits, fey or hoe/ey. smp. 

feats, exploits, great deeds, noble actions. 
V MX, f y, *'"• load, burden, weight. 
Fakir, /ah-keer, am. Mahometan friar. 
Palaise, /ah-layze, if. steep coast ; shelves. 

PaLAISBR, fih-lay--ai. rn. 1 r. tO dash 

against the coast or shelves. 
Fm.i:ai. \, /al-bah-lah, am. furbelow. 
FALLACl i. i'-il tah-tyithze-mnng, ad. 

fallaciously, deceitfully. 
Fallacietsx, -&z, /al-lan-tyvhe, --<■, adj. fal- 

laci 
Faiaait (it), eel/ahdey, imperf. of /ailoir, 

it is necessary. 
Falloir, /ah loo-ar, mono. v. 3 >>»•. to be 

nary, requisite, obliged; must. 
Fallu, fan-leu, p. ]i:irt. of faUoir, been 

necessary. 
Fallot (IL), flfih-bu, prct. def. of f ailoir, 

it wu-< necessary. 
Falot,/'(/i-/ >. am. large lantern; beacon. 
FA LOT, -K.fih-I'i, -t. am/, and adj. comical, 

ridiculous, impertinent man or woman. 
Fai.OTEM ENT, filt-l"t-iiiaiiy, ad. comic illy. 
Falourdi, fah-loord, */. great bundle of 

rafted logs of wood. 



Fai.sifi<'atki"i:, /.</-.-.<-// -/.<r//-/i ger. 

Falsification, /al-ae/i -kah-syong, sf. coun- 
terfeit. 

Falsifier, /al-se-/yai, va. 1 r. to counter- 
feit ; adulterate. 

Falun, fah-lung, sm. heap of rotten sea- 
weed. 

Fai.un'ER, fahleu-nai, va. 1 r. to manure 
with sea-weed. 

Fame, -e, (BIEN ou KAL), hyaing-oo-mal-/ah- 
Ht'ti, -e, adj. of a good or bad reputt 

Famei.hjue, /ah-mai-leek, adj. greedy, vora- 
cious. 

FAMEUX, -se, fah-muhc, -ze, adj. famous, re- 
nowned. 

V amuamuser, fah-me-lyah-ree-zai, va. 1 r. 
to familiarize, make easy by habitude. 

Se familiariser, suh-fah-me-lyah-ree-zai, 
vrrf. to take liberties ; use one's self to ; 
understand. 

Familiarite, fah-mc-lyah-re-tai, sf. famili- 
arity. 

Famii.ier, -e, fah-me-lyai, -re, smf. and adj. 
familiar. 

Familieuement, /ah-me-lyay re-many, ad. 
freely. 

Famille, fah-me-yiih, sf. family; house. 

Famine, fah-meen, sr'. dearth, scarcity of lood. 

Fa.nage, fah-nahje, sm. hay-making. 

Faxaison, fah-nay-zony, sf. hay-making 
time. 

Fanal, faxaux, p. fah-nal, fahnoe, sm. 
ship's light. 

Fanatkiue,/o/i-7ki7i -te.ffk, adj. fanatic. 

F anatisme, fahsnah-teemn, am. enthusiasm. 

V axy.r, fih-nai, va. 1 r. to make hay, wither. 
Se faxer, suli-fih-nai, vref. to dry up ; 

wither, fade away. 

Fankuk, -se, fah-nur, -utilize, smf hay- 
maker. 

I' an fax, /any/any, sm. darling child. 

Fan fake, fany farr, sf. flourish of a trum- 
pet. 

Fanfarox, fany fah -rony, sm. braggart ; 
boaster. 

Faxfajuoxxade, fany-fah-ro-nad, sf. boast, 
brag. 

Fanfakoxneuie, fany-jah-ron-ree, sf. blus- 
tering. 

Fanfiuolucih", fang-fruh-leush, a/, bauble. 

Fange, fonghje, a/, mire, mud; low life or 
birth. 

Fangbux, -sk, finylijuhc, -ze, adj. miry, 
muddy. 

Fanon, fah-nong, sm. dewlap; maniple; 
pendant. 

Fantaisie, fuiytaizfe, sf. fancy, mind; 
wliiin. 

FaHTA8Q.UK, fany-ta.-l;, adj. whimsical ; odd. 

FANTAsyi'EMKN r, fa ng -task-man i . ad. od lly. 

Pantassin, /ang-iah-waing, am. root-sold i 

Fast \sTturE,"/''»»'/ /'<« t-<L\ n ij. chimerical. 

Fantomk, fang-tome, em. spectre; vision, 
ghost. 

Faun, /<!"'/, sm. fawn, young deer. 
FaoNNEU, fau-nai, in. 1 r. to lawn, bring 

forth. 

Faliiin, fah-kaing, am. mean conceited fel- 
low. 

I'lytiNEiuF. fdi keen-ret, a/, mean action. 

Farcb, /arste, •-/'. hashed meat; burlesque, 

larce. 
Faiiceur, fur-sur, am. buffoon, merry-an- 
drew. 

191 



FAU 



FAU 



Farci, -e, far-se, -e, adj. stuffed, filled with. 

Farcin, far-saing, sm. farcy, leprosy of 
horses, <tc. 

Farcineux, -se, farse-nuke, -ze, adj. lep- 
rous ; infected with the farcy. 

Farcir, far-seer, va. 2 r. to stuff, fill with 
ingredients. 

Fard, far, sm. paint ; rouge ; deceit ; artifice. 

Fardeau, -x, fur-do, -e, sm. burden, load, 
weight. 

FakDER, far-dai, va. 1 r. to paint the face ; 
dissemble. 

Se earlier, suli-far-dai, vref. to paint one's 
face. 

Farfadet, far -fall - dai, sm. hobgoblin; 
trifler. 

Farfouiller, far-foo-yai, va. 1 r. to rum- 
mage. 

Fakibole, far-re-bol, sf. idle story, nonsense. 

Farine, fah-reen, sf. flour. 

Fariner, fah-re-nai, va. 1 r. to cover with 
flour. 

Farineux, -se, fah-re-nulie, -ze, adj. mealy, 
of flour. 

Farinier, fah-re-nyai, sm. meal -man. 

Fariniere, fah-re-nyayre, sf. meal tub or 
place. 

Farlouze, far-looze, sf. wood-lark. 

Farouche, fah-roosli, adj. wild ; savage ; 
severe. 

Fascinage, fall- se-naltje, sm. making of 
fagots. 

Fascination, fali-se-nah-syong, sf. bewitch- 
ing. 

Fascine, fah-seen, sf. fascine, fagot, bundle. 

Fasciner, fah-se-nai, va. \r. to bewitch, en- 
chant. 

FASEOLE,/a7i-sfri'-o/, sf. kidney-bean. 

Fasse, fans, pies. subj. of faire, may do or 
make. 

Faste, fast, sm. pomp, ostentation, show. 

Fastes, fast, smp. archives, records ; calen- 
dar. 

FaStidieusement, fah-ste-dyitlize-mang, ad. 
fastidiously. 

Fastidieux, -se, fah-ste-dyulie, -ze, aflj. fas- 
tidious. 

Fastueusement, fah-steu-idizemang, ad. 
with pomp, ostentation, pride. 

F astuecx,-se, fah-steu-uhe,-ze, adj. haughty. 

Fat, fat, sm. and adj. m. fop, coxcomb ; 
impertinent. 

Fatal, -e, fah-tal, adj. fatal, calamitous, 
tragical. 

Fatalement, fah-tal-mang, ad. fatally. 

FaTALISTE, fah-tah-leest, mil. fatalist. 

Fatalite, fah-tah-le-tai, sf. unlucky chance, 
fate. 

FAnviQVE, fah-te-dcfl\ adj. prophetic. 

Fatiguant, -E,fah-ie-ghang, -te, adj. weari- 
some. 

Fatigue, fah-teeg, sf. weariness, toil; trouble. 

Fatiguer, fah-te-gai, va. 1 r. to fatigue, 
weary. 

Fatiguer, fah-te-gai, vn. 1 r. to labor, toil. 

Se fatiguer, suh-fah-te-gai, vref. to tire 
one's self; work hard, grow tired. 

Fatras, fah-trah, sm. nonsense, confused 
mass. 

Fatuite, fah-teu-e-tai, sf. foolishness ; weak 
mind ; impertinence, folly. 

Faubourg, fo-boor, sm. suburb, outpart. 

Fauchage, fo-shahjc, sm. mowing of grass. 

Faucuaison, fo-shay-zong, sf. mowing time. 



Fauchee, fo-shaie, sf. day's mowing ; cut of 
the scythe. 

Faucher, /o-s/iai, va. 1 r. to mow, cut down 
with speed. 

Faucher le GRAND pre, fn-slini-luh-grangh- 
prai, idi. tip. v. 1 r. to be a galley-slave. 

Fauchet, fo-shay, sm. rake ; small scythe. 

Faucheur, fo-shur, sm. mower. 

Faucille, fo-see-yuh, sf. sickle, reaping- 
hook. 

Falcon, fokong, sm. falcon ; trained hawk. 

Fauconneau, -x, fo-kono, -e, sm. falconet. 

Fa uconnerie, fo-konn-ree, sf. training, 
breeding of falcons. 

Fauconnier, fo-ho nyai, sm. falconer. 

Fauconniere, fo-ko-nyayre, s/. double game- 
bag. 

Faudra (il). eel-fo-drah, fut. of falloir, it 
will be necessary. 

Faudrait (il), eelfo-drey, condit. of falloir, 
it would be necessary. 

Faufiler, fo-fe-lai, va. 1 r. to baste, sew 
slightly. 

Se faufiler, sidi-fo-fe-lai, vref. to insinuate, 
introduce one's self, associate, mix with. 

Fauldes, fold, sfp. charcoal-burning pits. 

Faune, j'one, sm. butterfiy; wild man ; mon- 
key. 

Faussaire, fo-sayre, sm. forger, falsifier. 

Fausse couche, foess-koosh, sf. miscarriage. 

Fausse coupe, foess-koop, sf. wrong cut. 

Faussehent, foess-mang, cid. falsely. 

Fausser, foe-sai, va. 1 r. te Lei^d in ; en- 
tangle. 

Fausser, foe-sai, va. n. 1 r to turn-coat 
forsake ; go off slily; break one's promise. 

Fausset, fo-suy, sm. faucet ; shrill voice ; 
treble. 

Faussete, foess-tai, sf. falsity; lie ; untruth. 

Faut (il), eel-foe, pies. ind. of falloir, it is 
necessary. 

Fabte, fate, sf. fault; offence; mistake; need. 

Faute DE, fote-duh, prep, for want of. 

Fauteuil, fo-tuh-yuh, sm. arm-chair. 

Fauteur, -trice, fo-tur, -treses, smf. favorer, 
promoter, fementer, fautor, fautress. 

Fautif, -ve, fo-ttefjf, -v, adj. defective ; im- 
perfect. 

Fauve./om, adj. fawn-colpr. 

Fauvette, fo-vett, sf. wren, small singing- 
bird. 

Faux, /be, sf. scythe, emblem cf time. 

FAUX,/oe, an, falsehood ; counterfeit. 

Faux, -sse, foe, -ss, adj. false ; feigned, de- 
ceitful. 

Faux, foe, ad. falsely, out of tune ; by mis- 
take. 

A faux, ah-foe, ad. exp. •wrongfully; aslant. 

Faux-argent, foe-zar-hjang, sm. "Britannia 
metal. 

Faux-bond, foe-bong, sm. slip, breach of 
promise. 

Faire faux-bond A, fayre-foe-bong-ah, idi. 
exp. va. 4 irr. to disappoint, balk one. 

Faux-brillant, foe-bre-yang, sm. tinsel, 
mere show. 

Faux-coup, foe-koo, sm. disappointment. 

F aux-frais, foe-frey, smp. useless expenses. 

Faux-fuyant, foe-feu-yang, sm. subterfuge ; 
artifice, pretence, shift. 

Faux-jour, foc-hjoor, sm. dim light, bor- 
rowed light. 

Faux-monnayeur, foe • mo - nay -yur, sm. 
coiner. 



FEL 



FER 



F a rx-r a <./iir-pnh,fsin. false step; mistake; slip. 

PaTTX-PLI, /oe-pie, *■)». wrong- told ; bad habi- 
tude. 

Fai'.x-sacxage, foe-so-nahje, sm. illegal sale 
of salt. 

Faux-semblaxt, foe-sang -blung, sm. false 
show. 

Faux-temoix, foc-tai-moo-aing, sm. false 
witness. 

Patbor, fah-vur, s/.kindness; narrow ribbon. 

A LA FAVETJB DE, ah-laJi -J ' ./i-rnr-duh, pr> p. 
with the help, by the means of. 

Ex faveor de, ang-fuh-vur-duh, prep, on 
account, for the sake, in behalf of. 

FAYEURS./ttA-cuAre, .«/>). good graces; tokens 
of love, marks of attention. 

Favorable, fah-vo-rabl, adj. kind ; propi- 
tious. 

Pavorablemknt, fah-vo -rabl-mang, ad. 
kindly. 

Fatori, -te, fah-vo-re, -reet, smf. favorite; 
minion. 

Favoki, -te, foil - vo - re, -reet, adj. most 
agreeable ; pleasing, attached to. 

FavoriseR, fah-vo-ree-zai, in. 1 r. to treat 
kindly: support ; be propitious. 

Feage, fai-ahje, sm. feoffment; fief, feudal. 

Feal, -e, feaux, pm. fai-al, fai-oe, atlj. 
faithful, trusty. 

Febricitant, -e, fai-bre-se-tang, -te, adj. 
feverish. 

Febrifuge, fai-bre-feuhje, sm. febrifuge. 

Febrile, fai-bred, adj. febrile ; of, from a 
fever. 

Feces, fayss, sfp. dregs, lees, sediment. 

Fecoxd, -e, fai-kong, -de, adj. fruitful; 
abundant. 

Fecoxder, fai-Tcong-dai, va. 1 r. to impreg- 
nate. 

Fecox dite, fa i ■ "hang - de - (ai, sf. fertility, 
abundance. 

Fecgle, fai-kule, sf. mealy substance ; sedi- 
ment. 

Feculexce, fai-Ttu-langsse, sr'. sediment. 

Fecglext, -e, fai-ku-lang, -te, adj. foul, full 
of dregs. 

Federaliser, fai-dai-rahdee-zai, va. 1 r. to 
confederate, join in a league. 

Federatif, -ve, fai-dui-rah-teeff, -teev, adj. 
leagued. 

Federe, -e, fai-dai-rai, -e, smf. and adj. 
federacy; allied. 

Fee, faie, sf. fairy; enchantress. 

Feerie, faie-ree, sf. spell, magic ; enchant- 
ment. 

Feigxaxt. fai-ing-yang, pres. part, of fein- 
dre, feig'.iiii.:. 

Feigxis, fai-iwj-ye, pret. def. of feindre, 
feigued. 

Feixdke, fainglr, va. 4 irr. to feign, dis- 
semble. 

Feixs, faing, pres. ind. of feindre, feign. 

Feixt, -e, faing, -te, p. part, of feindre. 

Feixte, faingte, sf. feint ; artifice ; fiction. 

FAle, -e, fey-lai, -e, adj. slightly cracked ; 
wild. 

Feler, /ey-Zat, »''<• 1 r. to crack slightly. 

Felicitation*, fai-le-se-tah-sgong, sf. felicita- 
tion. 

Fkli cite, fa i-le-se -tai, sf. happiness, bliss. 

FfaiCiizu, fai-le-se-tai, va. 1 r. to congratu- 
late. 

Felox, -xe, fai-long, -Ion, adj. disloyal; 
felon, cruel. 
(9) 



Feloxie, fai-lo-nee, sf. treason, cruelty; 
felony. 

FELOGQUE, fax-tool: , sf. small open boat with 
six oars ; felucca. 

Fklure, fey-lew, sf. slight crack. 

Femelle, fuh-mttt, sf. and adj. female. 

Feminin, -e, fai-me-naing, -neen, adj. femi- 
nine. 

Feminiser, fai-me-ne-zai, va. 1 r. to make 
feminine. 

Femme, fam, sf. woman ; wife. Prendre 
femme, to marry. 

Femme de charge, fam-duh-sharje, .^/'.house- 
keeper. 

FEJHLELETTB, /am-teW, sf. silly weak woman. 

Fexaisox, f uh-no y-zong, sf. hay-making. 

Fexdaxt, fang-dang, sm. cleaving blow; 
braggart. 

Faire le fexdaxt, fayre-liili-fang-dang, idi. 
exp. v. 4 irr. to boast, bluster. 

Fendeur, fang-dur, sm. cleaver of wood, &c. 

Fexdoir, fang-doo-ar, sm. axe, hatchet. 

Fexdre, fangdr, va. 4 r. to cleave, split, di- 
vide. La ti'.e me fend, my head is ready 
to split in two ; I have a violent headache. 

Fexdu — Homme bien fendu, a long-legged 
man. 

Se fexdre, suh-fangdr, vrrf. to part, sepa- 
rate, break. 

Fex£trage, fuh-ney-trahje, sm. windowing. 

FexCtre, fuli-neytre, sf. window. 

Fenil, fuh-ne-yiui, sm. hay -loft. 

Fexocil, fuli-noo-yuh, sm. fennel. 

FEXOUiLLETTE./iJi-)ioo-;/t», .'/•*. fennel-brandy. 

Fexte, fangte, sf. cleft, crack ; graft. 

Feodal, -e, fai-o-dal, adj. feudal, held of 
another. 

Feb., fair, sm. iron ; dagger ; sword. JIanier 
le fer, to wear the sword. JBattu le fer, to 
tilt, fence. 

Fer a cheval, fair-ali-shuh-tal, sm. horse- 
shoe stairs. 

Fer a repaSSER, fair-ah-ruh-pah-sai, sm. 
smoothing-iron. 

Ferai, fuh-rai, fut. of faire, shall or will do. 

Ferais, fuhyreg, condit. ol faire, would make. 

Fer-blaxc, fair-blang, sm. tin. 

F&nBi^NTiER, fair-blang-tyai, sm. tinman. 

Fer de cheval, fair - duh - shuh - vol, sm. 
horse-shoe. 

Fers, fayre, smp. irons, chains, fetters ; sla- 
very. 

Feret, fai-ray, sm. ferrule, tag. 

Ferial, -k, fay-re-yal, adj. devoted to labor, 
work. 

Ferie, fairee, sf. week-day, working-day. 

Ferir, fai-reer, va. 2 irr. to strike: used 
only in the present of the infinitive, as, Sans 
coup ferir, sang-hoo-fii-reer, without stri- 
king a blow. 

Fv.ri.er, fair-lax, va. 1 r. to furl the sails. 

F r.Ryi age, fair-mahje, sm. rent, produce of a 
farm. 

Fermant, -e, fair-mang, -te, adj. close, at 
the end of. 

Ferxe, fairm, sf. farm. 

Ferme, fairm, adj. firm ; strong ; fast, reso- 
lute. 

Ferme, fairm, ad. courageously, steadily. 

Fermemext, fair -muh-mang, ad. firmly, 
strongly. 

Ferment, fair-mang, sm. leaven, ferment. 

Fermextatif, -VE,fair-mang-tah-terff, -teev, 
adj. fermentative, causing fermentation. 

193 



FAI 



FIC 



Fermektatiox, fair-matig-tah-syong, sf. fer- 
mentation ; commotion, agitation. 

Fermexter, J'air-mang-tai, va. 1 r. to fer- 
ment. 

Feemee, fair-mai, va. 1 r. to shut, close; 
fold. Farmer la main, to clinch one's fist. 

Fermer a la clef, fair-mai-ah-lah-ldai, v. 
to lock up. 

Fermer au verrou, fair-mai-o-tay-roo, v. 
to bolt. 

Se fer.-.iee, suh-fair-mai, vref. to shut ; join. 

Feemete, fairm-tai, sf. firmness ; courage, 
energy. 

FERMETijRE,/atVffi-tewr, sf. closure. 

Feemier, -e, fair-inyai, -re, smf. farmer. 

Feemoir, fair-moo-ar, sm. clasp ; chisel. 

Feroce, fai-ross, adj. wild; cruel; savage. 

Ferdcite, /ar-ro-se-<ai,.s/'.savageness, cruelty. 

Ferraille, fay-rdh-yun, sf. old iron. 

Ferrailler, fay-rah-yai, vn. 1 r. to clash ; 
fence. 

Fereatlleur, fay-ra7i-yur, sm. old-iron sel- 
ler ; fencer ; wrangler ; blusterer. 

Ferrant (marechal), mah -rai- shal- fay ■- 
rang, sm. farrier. 

Ferr'e, -F.,/ny-r(ii, -e, adj. ferruginous; able. 

Feeremext, fayre-mang, sm. iron tool ; iron 
work. 

Ferrer, fay-rai, va. 1 r. to shoe; tag; bind 
with iron. 

Ferrer la mule, fay-raidah-meul, v. to 
trick, cheat, impose upon. 

Ferret, fay-ray, sm. tag, ferret. 

Feereur, -se, fay -ruhr, -ruhze, smf. tag- 
maker. 

Ferriere, fay-ryayre, sf. farrier's leathern 
bag. 

Feeeoxxeeie, fay-ron-ree, sf. hardware. 

Feeeoxniee, -e, fay-ro-nyai, -re, smf. iron- 
monger. 

Ferrugineux, -se, fair-reu-hje-nuhe, -ze, 
adj. irony, ferruginous. 

Fereuee, fay-reur, sf. iron work. 

Fertile, fair-teel, adj. abundant, fruitful. 

Fertilement, fair-teel-mang, ad. fruitfully. 

Fertiliser, fair-te-le-zai, va. 1 r. to fertilize. 

Fertilite, fair-tc-le-tai, sf. fruitfulness. 

Feru, e, fai-reu, -e, adj. smitten, in love 
with. 

Ferule, fai-reid, sf. ferula; tuition. 

Ferve.nt, -e, fair-vang, -te, ad. ardent, zeal- 
ous. 

Ferveur, fair-pur, sf. zeal ; warmth ; ardor. 

Fesse, fess, sf. rump ; fleshy part. 

Fesse cahier, fesn-kah-yai, sm. hired copyist. 

Fesse jiathieu, fess- mah -tyuh, sm. gripe 
penny. 

Fessee, fay-sale, sf. flogging, whipping. 

Fesser, fay-sai, va. 1 r. to Hog ; whip. 

Fesseur, -se, fay-sur, -suJize, smf. whipper. 

Fessier, fay-syai, sm. rump; bottom. 

Fessu, -e, fay-seu, -c, adj. full-bottomed. 

Festis , fess-taing, sm. feast, banquet. 

Festixer, fess te-nai, va. n. 1 r. to feast ; eat, 
live sumptuously. 

FESTOX, fess-tong, sm. festoon, garland. 

Festonxer, fess-to-nai, va. 1 r. to festoon ; 
reel. 

F£te, feyte, sf. holyday ; festival. La fete 
des Marls, All-Souls' day. Fete-Dieu, Cor- 
pus Christi. 

FAIRE FKTB a, feyre-feyte-ah, idi. exp. v. 4 
irr. to receive kindly, give a hearty wel- 
come. 

194 



Se faire Fi.TE I)E, suh-fayre-feyte-duh , vref. 
4 irr. to intermeddle ; rejoice at ; be a busy- 
body. 

Fete, -e, fty-tai, -e, adj. welcome, made 
much of. 

F£ter, fey-tai, va. 1 r. to worship, make 
much of. 

Fetide, f'ai-teed, adj. fetid, rancid. 

Fetidite, fai-te-de-tai, sf. fetidness, rack 
smell. 

Fetd, fai-teu, sm. slip of straw ; trifle. 

Feu, -x, fuh, -e, sm. fire ; heat ; house ; vi- 
vacity. JUer son feu, to vent one ; s passion. 
Lefeu du del, thunder and lightning. 

Feu de joie, fu7i-dhjooah, sm. bonfire. 

Feu d' artifice, fuh-dar-tefeess, sm. fire- 
works. 

Feu follet, fuli-fo-lay, sm. Will with the 
wisp. 

Feu saixt Axtoixe, fuh-saingt-antoo-an, St. 
Anthony's fire. 

Feu volage, fuh-vo-lahje, sm. ring-worm. 

Feu, -E,fuh, -e, adj. (indecl. before an art.) 
late ; deceased. Feu mon pere, my late 
father. 

Feudataire, fith-dah-layre, smf. feudatory. 

FEuillage, fuh-yaftje, sm. foliage; heap of 
leaves. 

Feuillaisox, fuh-yay-zong, sf. growth of 
leaves. 

Feuillaxtixe, fuh-yana-tecn, sf. puffed pas- 
try. 

Feuille, fuh-yuh, sf. leaf; sheet; journal. 

Feuille, -e, fuh-yui, -e, adj. leafy, full of 
leaves. 

FEUiLLEE,/(Ji-//«j'e, sf. leaves; leafy branches 
fresh cut ; shady place covered with green 
boughs. 

Feuille-morte, fuh-yuh-mortt, sf. filemot, 
brown or light-brown color. 

Feuiller, fah-yai, va.n. 1 r. to foliate, leaf. 

Feuillet, fuh-yai, sm. leaf, page of a book. 

Feuilletage, fuh-yuh-tahje, sm. puff-paste ; 
flaw. 

Feuillete, -e, fuh-yuh tai, adj. in sheets, 
pages. 

Feuilleter, fuk-yuh-lai, va. 1 r. to glance 
over a book ; study, consult books ; make 
puff-paste. 

Feuillette, fuh-yette, sf. half a hogshead. 

Feuillu, -e, fuh-yeii, adj. full of leaves. 

Feuillure, fuh-yeur, sf. groove, channel. 

Feurre, fur, sm. straw for the bottom of 
chairs. 

Feutre, fuTietr, sm. felt ; mean, cheap hat. 

Feutrer, fuhe-trai, va. lr. to stuff with felt. 

Feve, feyte, sf. bean. 

Feverolle, faite-rol, sf. small bean. 

Fevrier, J'ai-vre-yai, sm. February. 

Fi ! fe ! int. fy ! fy upon it ! 

Fiacre, fyakr, sm. hackney-coach ; bad car- 
riage. 

Fiaxq ailles, fyang-sah-yuh, sfp. betrothing. 

Fiance, -e, fyang-sai, -c, smf. bridegroom, 
bride. 

Fiaxcee, fyang-sai, va. 1 r. to affiance, be- 
troth. 

Fibre, feebr, sf. fibre, filament. 

Fibreu'x, -SB, fe-bruhe, -ze, adj. composed of 
fibres. 

Fibrille, fe-breel, sf. very small fibre or 
string. 

Ficeler, feessdai, va. 1 r. to tie, bind with 
twine. 



FIL 



FIX 



Ficelle, fe-sell, sf. packthread, twine, twist. 

Ficellier, ftess-le-yai, sm. winder ; winding- 
reel. 

Fiche, feesh, sf. small hook; peg; brad; 
counter. 

Fiche-R, fe-fihai, va. 1 r. to drive, put in; nail; 
lix ; contradict, oppose. 

FiCBu,fe-sht .*. am. woman's neckerchief. 

Fichu, -e, fe-sheu, adj. ill-shaped; pitiful, 
ridiculous : impertinent. 

Fictif, -ve, fetk-teeff, -leev, adj. imaginary, 
fabulous. 

Fiction, ft ek-syong, sf. fiction; story; artifice. 

Fideicommis, ft-dai-t-ho-mce, sm. deed of 
trust. 

Fidele, tm. true believer. Christian. 

Fidele, fe-dell, adj. true, faithful; trusty, 
honest. 

FlDELEMENT, ft (bll- man y, ad. faithfully. 

FidElite, fe-dai-le-tai, sf. fidelity; loyalty; 
truth ; honesty ; constancy. 

Fiduciary, fc-dcu-syayre, sm. fiduciary; 
trustee. 

Fiev, fyeff, tin. fief, fee, manor, tenure. 

FieffE, -k, fyai-fai, -e, adj. eufeoffed; arrant. 

Fieffer, fyai-fai, va. 1 r. to feoff, invest. 

Fiel, fyeV, sm. gall ; hatred ; rancor ; ani- 
mosity. 

Fiente, fyangte, sf. clung; dirt. 

FlEXTEK, fya»ff-tai, va. 1 r. to dung ; dirt. 

Fier,. /'//ai, va. 1 r. to intrnst ; charge with. 

Se FlER, 8uh-f}fai, vref. to confide, trust in or 
to. Sefier a quelque chase, to believe a thing. 

FlER, -E, fyair, -e, adj. proud; haughty; 
noble. Faire lefier, to look big. 

Fier a bras, fyair-uh-brah, sm. braggart, 
boaster. 

Fihu.EKEf!T,fyaire-rnang, ad. proudly; much. 

Fierte, fyair-tai, sf. pride; dignity; bold- 
ness. 

Fievre, fyayvr, sf. fever; ague; uneasiness. 
Bonner la fievre, to put in a fright. 

FiEvreox, -se, fyai-vruh, -ze, adj. feverish, 
aguish. 

Fievrotte, fyai-vroU, sf. feverishness. 

Fitte, feeffr, am. fife, pipe blown to a drum. 

FiGEMENT, feehje-mong, sm. congelation. 

Figer, fe-hjai, va. \r. to fix, congeal. 

Se figer, suh-fedijai, vref. to concrete, coa- 
lesce. 

Fignoler, feeng-yo-lai, vn. 1 r. to strive to 
excel. 

Figue, feeg, sf. fig; (iron.) sneer, contempt. 

FlGUERIE, feeg-ree, sf. fig-tree plantation. 

Figuier, fe-ghyai, sm. fig-tree. 

Figurant, -e, fe-gu-rang, -le, smf. ballet- 
dancer ; figurante, accessary character. 

FiGURATIF, -VE, fe-yu-rah-ieef, -teec, adj. fig- 
urative. 

FlGDRATlvEMXNT, fe-gu-rah-teev-mang, ad. 
figuratively, typically, by a figure. 

FlGDRE, fe-giire, sf. figure ; face, appearance ; 
shape ; image ; portrait; type; cipher. 

Fig i":; em*: nt. fe-gu-rai-mang, ad. in a figura- 
tive sense ; metaphorically. 

Figurer, fe-gu-rai, va. 1 r. to represent, ex- 
press. 

FlduRER, fe-gu-rai, vn. 1 r. to correspond; 
dance ; look well ; suit ; match ; rank. 

Se figurer, suh-fe-gu-rai, vref. to suppose, 
fancy. 

F: .;'mm:s. />-<7H-r<o<. sfp. very small figures. 

Fil, feell, sm. thread ; order, continuity, 
course. 



Filage, fe-lahjf. am. Bpinning. 

Filament, fedah-mang, sm. filament, thread. 

FlLAME.NTEUX, -SE, JC-lah-tiMIH/-tuIi, -Ze, adj. 

filaceous. 

FlLANDlERE, fedany-dyuyre, sf. Spinster. 
spinner. 

FlLAKDRES, fe-langdr, sfp. flying webs; small 
streaks, moles, small fibres. 

Filakdredx, -se, fe-kmg-drvJie, -ze, adj. full 
of small threads, fibres, filaments. 

Filasse, fe-lass, sf. beaten flax or hemp. 

Filassier, -e, ff-lith-syai, -re, smf. hemp or 
flax dresser, seller. 

Filature, fellah-tew, sf. spinning manufac- 
tory ; spinning. 

File, feell, sf. file, line, row. 

A LA file, ah-lah-fctll, ad. exp. one after 
another. 

Filer, fe-lai, ra.n. 1 r. to spin ; wire-draw; 
pass ; run off; follow one another. 

Filer doux, fe-lai-doo, idi. exp. vn. 1 /-. to 
refrain, give fair words. 

Filerie, feell^ree, sf. spinning place or plate. 

Filet, fe-lay, sm. fillet ; net ; netting ; snare. 
Fenir au filer, to amuse. 

Fileur, -SE,fe.dur, diihze, smf. spinner. 

Filial, -r.,fe-lyal, adj. filial. 
I Fu.lAhEMENT!,fe-lyal-mavg, ad. like a son. 
I Filiation, fe-le-yahsyong, sf. race, extrac- 
tion. 
! Filiere, fe-hjayre, sf. wire-drawing plate, 
duct. 

FlhlGB.ASB,fe-le-gran,sm. cut out, open work. 

Flhi.E,fee-yuh, sf. daughter ; girl ; maid ; ser- 
vant. P elite file, grand-daughter. 

Fillette, /<?-.;/<>«, sf. little young girl ; lass. 

Filleul, fe-yul, sm. god-son. 

Filleule, fe-yul, sf. god-daughter. 

Filon, fe-tong, sm. vein of metal in a mine. 

Filoselle, fe-lo-zel, sf. coarse silk. 

Filou, fe-loo, sf. pickpocket ; rogue ; sharper. 

Filouter, /Woo-to?', va. n. 1 r. to rob artfully; 
cheat, swindle ; take in. 

FlLOUTERlE, fe-loot-rce, sf. cheating, swind- 
ling. 

Fii.s, fee, sm. son. boy. Faire le beau file, to 
set up for a beau. 

Filtration, feel-trah-syong, sf straining. 

FlLTRE, feeltr, sm. strainer, filter. 

Viltrer, feel-trai, va. 1 r. to strain, clarify. 

Filure, fe-leur, sf. twist, thread : spinning. 

Fis,faing, sf. end ; limit ; conclusion ; death. 

Fis,fawg, sm. essential; chief joint. ,■ 

Fin. -E,faing,feen, adj. fine; thin : delicate; 
skilful; crafty; exquisite; excellent. 11a 
matois, cunning fellow. 

Finage, fe-nahje, sm. jurisdiction, district. 

Final, -e, fe-nal, adj. last, ultimate; mortal. 

Finalement, fe-nal-mang, ad. ultimately, in 
or at the end, at last. 

Finance, fe-nangese, sf. ready money; ex- 
chequer ; revenue. 

FiNANCER, fe-nang-sai, va. n. 1 r. to pay ; dis- 
burse. 

Financier, fe-nang-syai, sm. treasurer. 

Fisavciere, fe-nang-syayre, sf. printed hand- 
writing ; financier's wife. 

Finasser, fe-nah-sai, vn. 1 r. to use mean 
ways. 

Finassecr, -SE, fc-nah-suh, -suJize, smf. 
sharper. 

FiNASSERiE,/e-naw-rfe,/»/.petty trick, artifice. 

FlNAUD, -E, fe-noe, -node, smf. and adj. crafty 
man, woman. 

193 



FLA 



FLO 



Finement, feen-mang, ad. slily, artfully. 
FiNESSE,/e-?ies.5, sf. cunning ; skill ; delicacy. 
Fixet, -te, fe-nay, -le, adj. artful ; sly. 
Fiximext, /e-ne-ma>i<7, sm. finishing. 
Finir, fe-neer, va.n. 2r. to finish, conclude, 

perfect ; cease, end, die. 
Fixisseur, fe-ne-sur, sm. finisher. 
Fiole, fyole, sf. phial, small glass-bottle. 
Fi rm A hent, feer-mah-mang,sm. heavens, sky. 
Fis, fee, pret. def. of /aire, did, made. 
Fisc, feesk, sm. public revenue, treasury. 
Fiscal, -e, feess-cdl, adj. of the exchequer, 

treasury. 
Fissure, fe-seur, sf. cleft; chink. 
Fistule, feess-tetd, sf. fistula, ulcer. 
Fistuleux,-Se, feess-teu-luhe,-zr:, adj. fistular. 
Fixation, feek-sah-syong, sf. valuation ; era ; 

fixity. 
Fixe, feels, adj. steady ; firm ; constant ; 

stated ; sure. 
Fixemext, feeks-manff, ad. firmly; in the face. 
Fixer/ feefc-sai, va. 1 r. to fix ; strengthen ; 

determine ; consolidate. 
Se fixer a, suh-feek-sai-ah, vrcf. to resolve, 

settle. 
Fixite, feek-se-tai, sf. fixity, coherence. 
Flacon, flah-kong, sm. tlagon, decanter. 
Flagellation, flrth-]ije?-lah-syoiig,sf. lushing. 
Flageller, flah-hjel-'lai, va. Ir. to whip, lash. 
Flageolet, flah-hjo-lay, sm. flageolet, small 

flute. 
Flagorner, flali-gor-nai, va. Ir. to praise, 

flatter meanly. 
Flagorxerie, flah-gorn-ree, sf. base flattery. 
Flagorxeur, -Se, flah-gor-nur, -nuhze, smf. 

mean flatterer, sponger, parasite. 
Flagrant delit, flah-yrang-daile, sm. the 

very act, deed, fact. 
Flairer, flai-rai, va. n. 1 r. to scent, smell ; 

track. 
FLAiREUR,./7«y-rKr,sOT. feast-hunter, sponger. 
Flambaxt, -e, jlang-bang, -te, adj. flaming, 

bright. 
Flambh, jlnngbe, sf. flower do luce. 
Flambe, -e, flung-bai, -e, adj. burnt ; missed ; 

lost. 
Flambeau, -x, flana-bo, -e, sm. lighted torch ; 

light. 
Flambek, flang-bai, va.n. 1 r. to singe, scorch; 

blaze. 
Flamberge, flang-bairJije, sf. long broad- 
sword, falchion. 
Flamboyant, -e, flang-boo-ah-yang, -te, adj. 

gleamy. 
YhA.yiBOYETi,flang-boo-a7i-j/ai,vn.lr. to gleam. 
Flamme,./?«/!//i, sf. flame ; fire ; love ; passion. 
Flammeche, flah-mesh, sf. spark ; thief in a 

candle. 
Flammerole, flam-rol, sf. meteor ; flash of 

light. 
Flax, flang, sm. custard ; counter used at 

cards. 
Flanc, flang, sm. flank, side. 
Flanconnade, flung-ko-nad, sf. thrust in the 

side. 
Flandrix, flaiig-drainq, sm. tall lank fellow. 
Flajtelle, flaJi-nell, sf. flannel. 
Flanquer, flang-kai, va. Ir. to flank; fetch 

a blow. 
Flaque, flark, sf. small pool of stagnant 

water ; puddle, dirty plash. 
Flaquee, flah-kaie, sf. dash of water. 
FLA«UEi;,//aA-Avi;,ra. 1 r. to dash, besprinkle. 
FLASQUE,)fa67c, sj\ flask, powder-horn; bottle. 
196 



Flasque , flask,adj. flabby, soft; flaccid, weak. 

Flatter, flah-tai, va. 1 r. to flatter ; caress ; 
praise falsely ; deceive ; wheedle, make 
believe. 

Se flatter, suh-flah-tai, vrcf. to hope, trust. 

Flatterie, flatt-ree, sf. flattery, false praise. 

Flatteur, -se, flah-tur, -tuhze, smf. and adj. 
flatterer ; flattering, deceitful ; agreeable. 

Flattedsement, flah-tuhze-mang, ad. agree- 
ably ; deceitfully. 

Flatueux, -Se, flah-teu-uhe, -ze, adj. windy. 

Flatuosite, Jlah-teu-o-ze tai, sf. wind. 

Fleau, -x, Jkii-o, -oe, sm. scourge ; aliliction ; 
flail. 

FleOhe, flesh, sf. arrow; beam; expedient. 

Flechir, Jlai-sheer, va. n. 2 r. to bend, fold ; 
appease ; relent ; submit. 

FLECHissABLE,./7<n-*7(e-«i6/, adj. pliant, duc- 
tile. 

Fi.echissement, flai-siieess-maug, sm. bend- 
ing. 

Fleciiisseur, Jlai-sJie-sur, sm. & adj. flexor. 

Flegmatique, jleg -viah- teek, adj. phleg- 
matic. 

Flegme, flegm, sm. phlegm, watery humor. 

Fletri, -E,flai-tre, -e, adj. branded, dishon- 
ored. 

Fletrir, flai-treer, va. 2 r. to fade ; wither ; 
tarnish ; dry ; vex ; discourage ; dull ; dis- 
grace. 

Se fletrir, suh-flai-treer, vref. to di>honor, 
disgrace one's self; wither, fade away. 

Fletrissure, flai-tre-seur, sf. fading; dis- 
grace ; stain. 

Fleur, flur, sf. flower; beauty; youth; 
choice. 

A fleur de, ah-flur-duh, prep, level with, 
even with. Ajleur de lerre, even with the 
ground. 

Fleur de farine, flur-duh-fah-reen, sf. 
flour. 

Fleur de lis, flur-duli-lee, sf. flower de luce, 
iris. 

Fleuraison, fl.uh.-ray zong, sf. blooming sea- 
son. 

Fleuudeliser, flur-duJi-lee-zai , va. 1 r. to 
stamp, adorn with flowers de luce. 

Fleurer, fluh-rai, vn. 1 r. to smell. 

Fleuuet, fluh-ray, sm. foil ; ribbon ; step. 

Fleurette, ftuh-rttt, sf. floweret ; love tale. 

Fleurette (coxter), fymg-tai-fluh-rett, idi. 
exp. v. 1 r. to make love, wheedle, caress. 

Fleuri, -E, fluh-re, -e, adj. florid, embel- 
lished. 

FLEURiR,y7i(7i-reer, va. n. 2 irr. to flourish ; 
prosper. 

Fleuriste, fluh-reest, sm. florist, lover of 
flowers. 

Fleuron, fluh-rong, sm. flourish ; privilege. 

Fleuve, flur., sm. great river. 

Flexibility, flerk-se-be-le-tai. sf. pliancy. 

Flexible, flcck-seebl, adj. flexible, pliant; 
ductile. 

Flexion, fleck-syong, sf. bending, contrac- 
tion. 

Fi.ibot, fle-bo, sm. fly -boat ; sloop under 100 
men. 

Flibustier, fle-beuss-iyai, sm. buccanier. 

Flic-flac, fleek- flack, sm. and ad. click- 
clack. 

Flocox, flo-kong, sm. flake, lock of wool, &c. 

Floraisox, flo-ray-zong, sf. flower season. 

Floral, -E,'flo-ral, adj. floral ; of flowers. 

Flqrextike, flo-rang-teen, sf. figured satin. 



FOL 



FON 






Flores (faire), fayre-flo-ress, idi. rxp. v. 1 

irr. to (.■nt it Bguie, live expensively. 
Florin, flo-raiug, sm. florin, coin of various 

value. 
FLORISSAIS, flo-rt-seg, imperf. ind. otflemir, 

was prospering. 
Florissant, jlo-rc-sang, pros. part. ufjleurir, 

prospering. 
FLORISSANT, -e, Jlo-re-sang, -te, adj. flourish- 
ing. 

Fi.ot, fto, stn. wave, surge, billow, tide : 
float. Y a-t-il encoreflntt Is it flood-tide yetV 

A fi.ot (KTRE), tytr-ah-jlo, idi. c.c]>. v. attx. to 
be afloat. 

Flots, jloc, snip, abundance ; affluence ; 
crowd. 

A flots. ahrfloe, nd. exp. in plenty, in crowd. 

Plottage, flo-tahje, sm. floating ; drifting ; 
raft. 

Flottant, -e, flo-tang, -e, adj. floating ; wa- 
vering. 

Flotte,./?'V/, sf. Beet, number of ships. 

Flotter, flo-tai, va. n. 1 r. to float; waver. 

Flottille, flo-tee-yuh, sf. small fleet: 

Floc, ftoo, sm. light delicate stroke in pairit- 
ing. 

Fltjant, -E,fleu-ang, -te, adj. blotting. 

Fluctuation, jleuk-teu-ahsyong, sf. fluctua- 
tion ; indecision ; wavering. 

Fldctueux, -se, fleuJc-teu-uhe, -ze, adj. fluc- 
tuant ; wavering ; agitated. 

Fluer, fleu-ai, vn. 1 r. to flow, run off. 

Fluet, -te, fleu-ay, -te, adj. delicate, tender. 

Fltjide, jteu-eed, sm. fluid ; juice ; liquid. 

Fll'IDE, fleu-eed, adj. fluent, liquid. 

Fi.cmiTE, fleu-c-de-t'ii, sf. fiuidness. 

Flute, fleute, sf. flute ; flat-bottomed boat : 
plur. shanks ; means of success. FHde Hol- 
landaise, a fly-boat. Vaisseau arme enftiite, 
a store-ship. 

Fluter, flene-tai, vn. 1 r. to play upon the 
flute ; drink, tipple. 

FlOteuk, fieue-tar, sm. flute-player. 

Flux, fleue, sm. flux, tide ; agitation. Flux 
ft re/lux, flowing and ebbing. 

Flux de sang, jleue-dsang, sm. blood} 7 flux. 

Flux be BOUCIIE, flcue-dboosh, sm. loquacity, 
incessant prating. 

Fluxion, tleulc-syong, sf. rheum ; swelling ; 
defluxion. 

FcETEs,yW)-<p;/.s'. sm. foetus, embryo. 

Foi, foo-ah, sf. faith; fidelity; honor. Mtxil- 
vaisefois, treachery. 3fafoi, upon my word. 

Foik, foo-ah, em. liver, one of the viscera. 

Foin, foo-aing, sm. hay ; choke of an arti- 
choke. 

Foin ! foo-aing ! int. fy upon it ! for shame ! 

Foiue, foo-ar, sf. fair ; fairing; looseness. 

Fois, foo-hh, sf. time; bout. JTnefois, once. 
Deuxfois, twice. 

De fois a autre, duh-foo-iA-zah-oelr^ ad. 
exp. sometimes, from time to time. 

A la fois. Tout a la fois, ahdah-foo-ah, 
toot-ahdah-foo-ah, ad. exj>. all at once. 

A foison, ah-foo-ah-zong, ad. exp. in plenty. 

FoisoNNER,/oo-aft-20-nai, vn. 1 r. to abound. 

Fol, /'of, adj. m. tused before a vowel instead 
of/bw), mad. 

FOLATRE, fodahtr, adj. p