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Full text of "New history of the 99th Indiana Infantry : containing official reports, anecdotes, incidents, biographies and complete rolls"

3 1833 02618 2664 

Gc 973.74 In2La 
Lucas, Daniel R 
New history of the 99th 
Indiana Infantry 



NEW HISTORY 



99th Indiana Infantry 



Containing Official Reports, Anecdotes, 

Incidents, Biographies and 

Complete Rolls, 



CHAPLAIN D. R. LUCAS, 



HOCKi'ORU, ILL.: 

HORNER PRINTING CO. 

1900. 



COPYRIGHT, 1900. 



1243441 




COLONEL ALEXANDER FOWLER, 

In 1863, at Age of 41. 



Allen County Public Library 
900 Webster Street 

Kyn^e!lN46801-22^THI^ BUT AN OLD SOLDIER. 

BY CHAPLAIN D. R. LUCAS. 

[NOTE.— An old soldier went limping along the street, when a stalwart young man said to a 
companion who asked who and what he was. -'Nothing but an old Soldier!" This is the 
old soldier's reply.] 

"Nothing but an old soldier:- what is that 
That you're a savin" ahout me so pat :-— 
Well. I guess you're right, I am gettin' old. 
But after all a feller don't like bein' told 
That he's nothin' else, ez if he was to blame 
For bein' old. an' broken-down an" lame. 

"If you'd just stop and think a minute, you'd 
Not wonder if I was a little skewed, 
An' out o'kilter, an' have some creaky ways 
About my walkin",— there was some other days 
When it was diff'rent, when I stood up straight, 
An' walked a middlin" fair an' steady gait. 

"I'm not sure, young feller, if 3'ou'd a been 
Where I have been an" seen what I have seen, 
If you'd a been with me an' felt the pain 
O' marchin' daj- an' night in slush an' rain, 
If you'd a foUered Grant an' Sherman, too. 
If your gait now would be so straight an' true. 

"If 3'ou'd a laid all night on frosty ground. 
An' carried gun an' knap.sack an' forty round. 
If you'd a stood in line an' heard the zip 
O' Minnie bullets give your ear a tip. 
If you'd a listened to the screechin' shell 
I don't think now you'd feel so awful well. 

"Just think o' Grant an' Sherman an" the men, 
Who led us in the days o' battle: then 
Just think that all o' them are dead an' gone. 
An" that my earthh^ race is nearly run. 
An" j'ou'U not wonder if I'm lame; 
Time enough and you'll be so just the same. 

"Nothin' but an old .soldiery It may be 
I'm too sensitive, as others cannot see 
The past as it appears to such as me. 
Who followed Billy Sherman to the sea. 
An' tramped so much in swamps of ice an' cold 
That bunions ever since have had a hold. 

"Nothin' but an old .soldier? A dog tent 
Ain't the best o'shelter in the event 
Of cold an" stormy weather anywhere. 
An" yet I was compelled to winter there 
For three long winters, an' you may know 
Rheumatic legs make walkin' rather slow. 

"Nothin' but an old soldier'; old an" gray. 
I guess your right young man in what you say; 
There aint no title that a man can wear 
For honored service than the soldiers bear, 
The men who wore the royal union blue. 
For if their slept are slow their hearts are true." 




LIEUT.-COLONEL JOHN M. BERKEY. 

1864. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Thirty-five years will have passed away by June 5, 
1900, since the survivors of the 99th Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry were mustered out of the service of the United 
States, after three years of active military life. As the 
regiment marched down Pennsylvania Avenue in Wash- 
ington, at the grand review of the army on May 24, 1865, 
the 942 men that once composed its rank and file were 
not all there. One hundred and eighty-eight, or twenty 
per cent, of the number, were not in line, for the hands 
that once so proudly grasped the sword, or the musket, 
were cold and still, 

"Under the sod and dew, waiting the judgment day." 

One hundred and sixty-four, or seventeen per cent, 
had been discharged on account of wounds, or disability 
incurred in the service, many of them to go with halting 
steps for a few years and then to go in feebleness down 
to the grave. 

Twenty-seven of them by their longings for home and 
the bad advice of friends there, gave up their manhood 
and deserted the ranks. Their names will not appear in 
this history, for it is enough that they are preserved in 
the archives of the nation. They were nearly all the 
first winter in West Tennessee and each company had 
one or more, five being the greatest number from any 
company. 

Seventy-one of the number that were mustered out 
with the regiment bore the scars of the wounds they 
received in battle, and those that survive still have 
these mementoes of their valor and devotion. 

To write the history of a body of such men and, do it 
in any measure commensurate with their patriotic valor 
and heroic service, is a task from which one might shrink, 
but the feeling that it should be done, and that the 



Introduction. 




COLONEL JOSIAH FARRAR. 

1865. 



8 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

author has the material in hand to do it, as well perhaps, 
as any other can do it, is his apolog-y for attempting it. 
Another thing from another point of view is the fact 
that he knew nearly every man in the regiment per- 
sonally, and knows the survivors, having been for ten 
years past the president of the Regimental Association, 
makes it a pleasure to write of their deeds in the old 
days. Having to depend upon personal letters for many 
of the facts and dates, it seems impossible to give a pic- 
ture of the army life without in some measure introdu- 
cing the personal element, and I know the members of 
the old regiment will understand and appreciate this 
and allow me to use this seemingly egotistical method, 
because it is about the only one possible for me. 

The service of the regiment may properly be divided 
into four great campaigns; the first, the campaign in 
West Tennessee and Mississippi, culminating in the sur- 
render of Vicksburg and the opening of the Mississippi 
river, cutting the Confederacy in twain: the second, the 
campaign culminating in the battle of Mission Ridge, 
the relief of Knoxville and the saving of Chattanooga 
and the State of Tennessee from the hands of the enemy; 
the third, the Atlanta campaign, resulting in the cap- 
ture of that city and the driving of Hood to the north- 
west, where his expedition was to culminate in defeat at 
Nashville; the fourth, the campaign called "The March 
to the Sea," and through the Carolinas, resulting in the 
surrender of General Johnston to General Sherman and 
ending the war. Volumes have been written and vol- 
umes more will be written of these campaigns, but it is 
only my task to show what one regiment did in these 
conflicts. It is hard for the great historian in the dis- 
cussion of generals, tlieir plans of camjiaign and feats of 
strategy, to get down to as small a force as a regiment, 
but the real force that made battles and gained victor- 
ies was the regiment, for they were the units of the 
great whole. Often the critical position was held by a 
single regiment and the fate of the whole army depended 
on the courage and devotion of this unit. Often a bri- 



Introduction. 




CHAPLAIN D. R. LUCAS. 

1899. 



10 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

g-ade, or a division, in the midst of a terrific fig"ht have- 
been relieved by the bold attack of a single regiment on 
the flank of the enemy. That brigade or division may- 
lose heavily while the relieving regiment may come off 
almost unscathed, and the historian who counts service 
by losses fails to understand the value of the service of 
the regiment. 

Again circumstances often had much to do with the 
duty and responsibility of a regiment. When our regi- 
ment was sent to Louisville in the autumn of 1862, there 
was no thought on the part of any of us but that we 
should join the Army of the Cumberland. But the lack 
of suitable guns delayed us for a time at Louisville, and 
when we were ready to move we were ordered down the 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers to Memj^his and joined the 
Army of the Tennessee, with which we were connected 
through all our service. We were afterwards associated 
in the Mission Ridge and Atlanta campaigns with the 
Army of the Cumberland, but it was always the Army of 
the Tennessee, at the head of which the gallant James 
B. McPherson was killed at Atlanta, on July 22, 1864. 
He was succeeded by General John A. Logan on the field, 
who being so unfortunate as not to be a graduate of 
West Point, was compelled to go back to his corps com- 
mand when General O. O. Howard was made commander 
of the Army of the Tennessee. They were both g-ood 
soldiers, but one was a volunteer and the other a reg-ular, 
and the regular won the place, as he usually did. 

Another thing in the history of a regiment growing- 
out of the unit is the fact that the men of the regiment 
become personally acquainted with each other and thus 
are more closely linked together. Brigades may change, 
and usually do with each campaign, but the companies 
of a regiment as a general rule remain together. Hence, 
when any member of the regiment does some creditable 
act it reflects credit upon all the members of the regi- 
ment and all take pride in it. Likewise any act of dis- 
honor casts reproach upon all, so men felt that the good 
name of the organization was to be maintained as well as. 



Intnxbiction. 



11 




LIEUT.-COLONEL W. V. POWELL. 

1899. 



the good name of the individuaL When his regiment 
has a creditable and honorable record there is nothing 
but pride in the way a man will tell of his connection 
with it. Such is the record of this regiment, written as 
it is on the pages of a nation's history, that no man was 
ever connected with it who is not proud to say, "I was a 
member of the old 99th Indiana Infantry." To put in a 
permanent form the record of their deeds and make a 
roll of honor on which to inscribe their names to be read 
by the generations to come, is the purpose with which 
this history is written. 

At the end of the thirty-five years more than three 
hundred members of the regiment survive and are filling 



12 Neiv History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

their places in the "world's broad field of battle."' When 
I began preparing this work I was in hopes to be enabled 
to give the fate of every man, but there are some still 
"unknown." When the war was over they scattered 
and went east, west, north and south and in new sur- 
roundings, formed new ties, married and settled down, 
and one day sickened and died, perhaps, and the link 
that bound them to the comrades of the old days was 
severed never to be reunited again on earth. For twenty 
years after the war the regiment had no organization or 
reunions, and all that time here and there one was passing 
away and no report was made, so that there are some 
now of whose fate we are unable to learn. When the 
survivors began to hold reunions and notices of it were 
published, there was a rousing of old memories and 
from all parts of the country came responses from old 
comrades, who found awakening in their hearts an ardent 
desire to meet them, or to hear once more from the men 
^N\t\\ whom they toiled and suffered in the days of old. 
There is a common tie that binds all the survivors of the 
old Grand Army together, but the strongest tie is that 
of regimental comradeship. It then becomes personal, 
for it is both the man and the soldier that we know. Be- 
cause of this fact the colonel of a regiment comes to em- 
body in some measure the spirit of his command and be- 
comes a center of unity. A brigade, division, or corps 
commander seems so far off" that he does not come into 
the scope of vision of the soldiers, like their own colonel. 



Introduction. 



13 




LIEUTENANT JOHN P. MERRILL, COMPANY A. 



Born October 13, 1842, in Lake County, Indiana, where he has 
always resided except while in the service. He entered the service 
as sergeant in Company A, but was promoted to first lieutenant 
October 31, 1864, and as such was mustered out with the regiment. 
Since the war he has lived in Lake county and serving for some time 
as postmaster at Crown Point, where he died very suddenly in the 
year 1897. He leaves a wife and family behind him who, as a token 
of their regard for his memory, have sent the above picture. Lieu- 
tenant Merrill was one of the men who was never absent from the 
reunions of the regiment, and when we met at Crown Point, he and 
his daughter. Miss Alta, were on the committee and aided in all 
ways to make the comrades have a good time, and now that he is 
gone all join in a tribute to his memory. His family still reside at 
Crown Point. 



CHAPTER I. 

THE ORGANIZATION. 

The 99th Indiana Volunteer Infantry was org^anized 
under the call of President Lincoln issued August 4, 1862, 
at Camp Rose, the old fair ground at South Bend, In- 
diana. It was at the time the residence of the Hon. 
Schuyler Colfax, the representative in congress from the 
9th Indiana district, and Judge Thomas S. Stanfield had 
been appointed by Governor Morton to take charge of 
the camp. In that camp were organized seven com- 
panies, six with the minimum number, one with not 
men enough to muster into the service. At the same 
time recruiting was in progress in the 6th district for 
the 96th Indiana Volunteers, but only three companies 
were recruited so that the two were consolidated and the 
seven companies predominating the number 99 was re- 
tained, and so there was no regiment from Indiana with 
the number 96. 

When these men came together to become soldiers 
they were ignorant of the duties of a soldier's life, but 
they were not ignorant of the dangers and hardships of 
the service. For more than a year the struggle had al- 
ready prevailed, great battles had been fought, tens of 
thousands had already lost their lives, and to enlist in 
the army meant years of hard service for all, and death 
to many, but still they did not hesitate. They were not 
hirelings, for many of them had homes and farms and 
were making money at home, and had they been hire- 
lings there they would remain, for it was the hireling 
that stayed at home. It was with them a question of 
patriotism pure and simple. The nation must perish or 
they must perish to save it. Ignorant they were of tac- 
tics, but not of the issue involved, but they were ready 
and willing to take the chances. 



The Organi?Mtion. 



15 




CAPTAIN GEORGE HOLMES GWIN, COMPANY F. 

1900, 



Born January 1st, 1819, in Lanesville, Harrison county, Indiana. 
At the age of eighteen years learned the trade of a blacksmith, 
which he followed for eighteen years in Lanesville, moving to White 
county, Indiana, in November, 1854, where he engaged in farming. 
He went to Mexico as a soldier in the 2nd Indiana Volunteers, com- 
manded by Colonel Bowles. He served twelve months and was ap- 
pointed corporal. In 1857 he was appointed first lieutenant in the 
Indiana Militia by Governor Joseph A. Wright. He assisted in 
organizing Company F in August, 1862, of which he was com- 
missioned Captain, in which position he served over two years. 
When the time came for the march to the sea he was deemed by the 
Colonel as unable to make the march, and so on November 8, 1864, 
.he resigned and returned to his home in Brookston, White county, 
where he still resides. 

Captain Gwin is the oldest survivor of the regiment, having passed 
the four score years, and recalls the old days with pleasure when he 
was Captain of "G win's Rangers." His portrait shows him as full 
of vigor yet. A portrait taken in the army will be found on another 
page. 



16 New History of the Ninetij-NintJi Indiana Infantry. 

In the organization Company A came from Lake 
county under the command of Captain Daniel F. Sawyer. 
The captain was a tall, well-formed man, 45 years of 
age, too old for the hardships of the service for he only 
endured them six months, dying February 12, 1863, at 
Fort Fowler, near LaGrange, Tennessee. He was suc- 
ceeded by Captain Kellogg M. Burnham. 

Company B came from Hancock county under com- 
mand of Captain James H. Carr. He was a man who was 
also unable to endure the hardships of the service and 
about the time of Captain Sawyer's death, it was a ne- 
cessity for him to leave the service or go across the river. 
He came home and still lives to rejoice in the glorious 
record made by the 99th Indiana. He was succeeded by 
Captain George Tague. 

Company C came parth' from Porter and partly from 
Benton county and was a consolidation of i)arts of two 
companies, and was under the command of Captain 
Jacob Brewer. He was a man of rugged frame but 
over 45 years of age and in less than a year was com- 
pelled to leave the service, and for many years before he 
died was a victim of rheumatism to such an extent that 
he was unable to walk but went about in a wheeled 
chair. He was succeeded by Captain Charles M. 
Scott. 

Company D came from Miami county under command 
of Captain Josiah Farrar who retained the command until 
he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel and succeeded 
to the command of the regiment which he held at the 
muster out of the regiment, when he received a commis- 
sion as colonel. 

Company E came from Newton, Jasper and Carroll 
counties and was under command of Captain Daniel Ash, 
a man about 44 years of age, but he was unable to endure 
the exposures of the service and in the spring of 1863 re- 
signed and returned to his home at Morocco, Indiana, 
where he still lives. He was succeeded by Captain Sam- 
uel Moore. 



New History of the Ninety-Nintli Indiana Infantry. 



17 




LIEUTENANT THOMAS J. BARLOW, COMPANY H. 



Born in Ireland, August 24, 1844; parents came to United States 
when he was a babe. Lived in New Orleans, Louisiana, and then 
came to Madison, Indiana; remained there until October, 1856, and 
then came to Indianapolis, learned the wood carvinj^ business with 
Thomas Ott, furniture manufacturer. When the war broke out he 
was eng-aged in the state arsenal under General Sturm until 
August, 18b2, when he enlisted in Company H, 90th Indiana. He 
served as private, corporal, sergeant, first sergeant and first 
lieutenant, and on the march through Carolina he wiis assigned as 
first lieutenant and A. D. C. bj' Major General W. B. Hazen, 
division commander. He was always with the regiment except 
while on the staff of General Hazen. Was on the famous march to the 
sea; never had a furlough. Was in the grand review at Washington. 
After muster out he returned to Indianapolis and engaged for a 
short time in the liquor business; not being pleased with that, he 
retired and became connected with the post-office at Indianapolis. 
In 1868 he was married to Miss Harriet Carpenter, of Binghampton, 
New York, after which he embarked in the liquor business until 
1876, when he sold out for the purpose of studying law. In 1879 he 
got the Colorado fever and went to Leadville, where he engaged in 
different business. His wife died in Denver in 1883, and he 
remained at Aspen and other mining camps until 1885, when he came 
to Chicago where, in 1893, he married Mary E. Anderson, of Indian- 
apolis. He is living in Chicago, very happy with his wife, and 
thinks it as good as any city in the Union. He is like all Chicago 
men. Lieutenant Barlow was one of the youngest commissioned 
officers of the regiment, a live and active man. His address is No. 6 
Dearborn street, Chicago. 



18 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Company F came from White county under the 
command of Captain George H. Gwin. He was over 
forty years of age, but a man of wonderful vitality and 
retained the command of his companj^ for over two years, 
the last cf the old men of the original captains to leave 
the service. He was succeeded by CaiDtain Andrew 
Cochran. 

Company G came from Hendricks County under the 
command of Captain Tilberry Reid. He was an old man, 
56 years of age, and the service was soon too hard for 
him and he sickened and died at Holly Springs, Miss., 
Jan. 1, 1863. He was succeeded by Captain John 
Worrel. 

Company H came from Marion and Hendricks counties 
under the command of Captain Joseph B. Homan, He 
was a young man who had seen service as first lieutenant 
in the 13th Iowa. Having been wounded at Shiloh he 
was granted leave of absence and came home and 
recruited Company H. He was afterward promoted 
major and was succeeded by Captain William M. 
Walker. 

Company I came from Howard and Miami counties 
under command of Captain William V. Powell Captain 
Powell was promoted during the service to major and 
was succeeded by Captain Ira B. Myers. 

Company K was recruited in Cass county, principally 
by Captain George W. Julian, and came to South Bend 
with 70 men, not enough to muster. Captain W! R. C. 
Jenks was appointed captain but did not go with the 
company to the field. It was not until December 26, 1862, 
that Company K had men enough to muster and the 
company spent the winter in Indianapolis, joining the 
regiment in the field, May 11, 1863. 

The rolls will show the record of every man in these 
companies and, as far as possible to learn, the fate of 
them all. 

While in camp at South Bend, Dr. William W. Butter- 
worth was appointed assistant surgeon and was 
promoted in the January following to surgeon and served 



Tlie Organization. 



19 




LIEUTENANT GEORGE S. WALKER, COMPANY F. 

1900. 



as such in all the campaij^ns the regiment made and was 
mustered out with the regiment at the close of the war. 
His assistants were Dr. Law.son D. Robinson from 
October, 1862, to August 11, 1863, when he resigned. Dr. 
L S. Russell from February 25, 1863, to August 10, 1864, 
when he died from an acute attack of dysentery, and 
Drs. Isaiah Potfenberger and Abner D, Kimball, who 
were appointed assistants not long before the close of 
the war and were mustered out with the regiment. Dr. 
Butterworth died in 1888. 

James L. Cathcart, son of Hon. Charles Cathcart, of 
La Porte county, was appointed lieutenant and regimen- 
tal quartermaster by the governor at the request of the 
Hon. Schuyler Colfax and was the only political appoint- 



20 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

ment in the regiment. His father had been a prominent 
Democratic politician and was an ardent supporter of 
the Union and being too old for service himself his son 
was given a commission. He served with the regiment 
until the close of the war. He died in 1888. 

John M. Berkey, who had seen service as second 
lieutenant in the 46th Indiana, was appointed tirst lieu- 
tenant and adjutant of the regiment, but was afterward 
promoted to major where he served for two years and 
was, April 24, 1864, commissioned lieutenant-colonel. 

These were all the appointments made at South Bend, 
and the seven companies there were transported to 
Indianapolis where the consolidation was effected with 
the three companies there and we had a regiment, but no 
field officers. Captain Sawyer, of Company A, was the 
ranking officer and while we remained in "Camp Joe 
Reynolds," a camp on the west bank of the canal, 
between the canal and the river, was in command of the 
regiment. We rode from South Bend to Indianapolis 
most of the way in "cattle cars."' There was some 
complaint but two years afterward those cattle cars 
would have been palaces of luxury if we could only have 
enjoyed the privilege of riding in them, instead of the 
weary miles of march. 

When we reached Camp Joe Reynolds the barracks 
were all full and we had to go to work and construct 
some for our own use. As we had plenty of mechanics 
in the regiment it was soon accomplished. It would be 
hard to find a trade for which you could not find a skilled 
mechanic in the regiment, they were builders and con- 
structors, and while they destroyed a great many fences, 
railroads and bridges in their time they helped in the 
great work of reconstructing a nation, removing the 
debris of slavery and secession, and building it anew upon 
the great principles of unity, liberty and equal rights. 

In a letter I wrote to my wife I find the following: 

"At midnig-ht Sunday night, October 19th, we left camp and 
marched to the union depot at Indianapolis, where, after waiting-, at 
2:30 a. m., we took the cars for Louisville and arrived at Jefferson- 



Til e rf/a nization. 



21 




CAPTAIN IRA B. MYERS, COMPANY I. 

1900. 



Born August 10, 1840, at Muncte, Indiana; educated in the 
common schools and one year at Battle Ground Institute in Tippe- 
canoe county. Enlisted but failed to get into three months service, 
but re-enlisted August 10, 1862, and was appointed first lieutenant of 
Company I; promoted to captain in May, 1865, mustered out with the 
regiment. He participated in all the campaigns and battles of the 
regiment, and was detailed on General Hazen's staff during the 
march to the sea. His residence since 1852, with the exception of 
four years, from 1857 to 1861, has been Peru, Indiana. In January, 
1862, he was married to Miss Maggie Robinson, of Peru. Since the 
war he has served as deputy auditor of Miami county tor five years, 
deputy county clerk for two years, was elected county treasurer for 
two terms, was postmaster at Peru for four years, inspector of 
customs at Puget Sound one year and was appointed American 
consul at St. John, New Brunswick, July 28, 1897, which position he 
still holds, and says: "I am well and have had excellent health since 
I have been here." Captain Myers is a true comrade and takes 
great interest in the reunions of the old regiment and has the good 
will and wishes of all his comrades. 



22 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

ville at noon on Monday. We lay there until 3:30 p. m., when we 
marched through Jeffersonville and across a pontoon bridge to Louis- 
ville and then out to camp, about five miles in all, for our first march. 
On our arrival there were no tents and we la3' down with no canopy 
above us save the stars, but slept soundly on account of the weari- 
ness from the lack of re.st the night before. The camp is an 
awful dusty place as there has been no rain since the first of Au- 
gust and the dust is three or four inches deep, and a hard wind blow- 
ing makes it almost impossible to keep one's eyes open. The boys 
are all writing home to-day and seem to think we are having a rather 
good, though a little tough, introduction to real soldiering." 

In our drilling and learning- the manual of arms we 
were armed with some old muskets that would be as 
dangerous to the men who aimed them as to those at 
whom the.y were aimed, but shortly after reaching Louis- 
ville we exchanged them for Enfield rifles, about the 
best guns attainable at the time. 

Up to this time we were not soldiers but getting in 
shape to become soldiers. 

At Louisville the organization was completed. Alex- 
ander Fowler, who was mUjor of the 15th Indiana, hav- 
ing entered the service as captain in that regiment in 
the spring of 1861, was appointed colonel and assumed 
command of the regiment. Richard P. DeHart, who was 
adjutant of the 46th Indiana, was appointed lieutenant- 
colonel, but did not join the regiment until it reached 
Cairo on its way to Memphis. Adjutant John M. Berkey 
was promoted to major. L. D. Robinson, first sergeant 
of Company G, was promoted and appointed assistant 
surgeon. R. W. Cummins was appointed adjutant. 
Daniel R. Lucas, who was 2d lieutenant of Company C, 
was promoted and appointed chaplain, the duties of 
which position he had been in some measure discharging 
from the beginning of the organization. This completed 
the commissioned officers and the non-commissioned staff 
was as follows: 

Lorenzo D. McGlashon, sergeant-major; W. N. Sever- 
ance, quartermaster sergeant; Alva B. Parks, commis- 
sary sergeant; Martin I. Whitman, hospital steward' 
W. H. H. Spaulding, drum major; Harry Brewer, 
colonel's orderly. 



Tlie Organization. 



23 



1 


m 






i 


1 -t: ' ''' ^^'l^^Hfe^ 



CAPTAIN ANDREW COCHRAN, COMPANY F. 



Born November 2, 1822, in Jefferson county, Indiana. Removed 
to Madison when 22 years of age. Lived there five years, then 
lived in New Albany two years, when he moved to White county, 
where he has resided ever since. 

At the organization of Company F, he was appointed first lieu- 
tenant, which position he held until April, 1865. On October 8, 1864, 
he was compelled to leave the regiment on account of sickness and 
was unable to join them until they arrived on the coast, when he took 
command of the company and was appointed captain, April 9, 1865, 
which rank he held when mustered out with the regiment. He has 
three sons, all of whom have families. Captain Cochran is now one 
of the oldest men among the survivors of the regiment and has changed 
in his appearance less than perhaps any other, as he was forty 
years of age when he entered the service. A quiet, gentle, good man, 
everybody that knew him respected Captain "And}-" Cochran, as he 
was familiarly called. His address is Brookston, Indiana. 



24 New History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Already we began to feel the effect of the hardships 
of war. When we left Indianapolis we were compelled 
to leave some sick men behind, two of whom died there, 
Robert H. Pebworth of Company H, October 21, 1862, 
the first man according* to the record to die, and Daniel 
Albaug-h of Company I, November 7, 1862. When we 
left Louisville, November 8, we left some more, two of 
whom, James Beazell and John W. Taylor, both of Com- 
pany C, died, the first November 10, lb62, and the other 
November 14, 1862. The death of James Beazell came 
with much force to me as he was a neig^hbor of mine and 
was one of the twenty-five men who went from Benton 
county into camp with me. When examined by the sur- 
geon he was pronounced one of the best specimens of 
manhood in the regiment and it was thought would be 
one of the last to succumb to the hardships of the 
campaign. 

There was the usual speculation as to which part of 
the army we should be assigned, though the general talk 
of what was facetiously known as the "Castor Oil Expe- 
dition" led to a belief, which was soon confirmed, that we 
were to have a part in that great work, the opening of 
the Mississippi river, so that as our regimental seer put 
it, "the waters of that mighty river might How unvexed 
to the sea." When reminded by the objector that its 
waters were free enough to go if they wanted to, that it 
was our boats that wanted to go "unvexed" to the sea, the 
response was, "There are some men who are as destitute 
of sentiment as a mule is of music," and that settled the 
matter. 

On the first day of November we drew seventy-two 
mules and the boys had a great time. Not one of them 
had ever had a harness on and the task of breaking them 
in harness and to drive was not an easy one. It was a 
source of fun, however, and in breaking the mules they 
broke the monotony of camp life as well. The same day 
the surgeons were busy vaccinating the men. Though 
there was no small pox at hand yet it was thought best 
to be on the safe side and prepare to meet it, as it was 



Tlie Organization. 



25 




LIEUTENANT CARROLL L. SHIDELER, CO. E. 



1900. 



Born'in "Washington county, Pennsylvania; moved to Rensselaer, 
Indiana, in 1853; enlisted August 11, 1862; was appointed corporal 
and was assigned to the colors; was promoted sergeant, June 14, 
1863, and given charge of the regimental colors; carried them until 
May 1, 1864, when he was relieved to perform the duties of first 
sergeant; was commissioned second lieutenant on the first day of May, 
1865; was mustered out with the regiment. After the war lived at 
his old home until 1876, when he moved to Butler county, Kansas, 
where he has been in the stock business, principally handling sheep. 
Has raised a family of three boys and five girls, all of whom are 
living near him except the youngest girl, who died at thirteen years 
of age. Comrade Shideler has been quite an active man in politics, 
holding several official positions, and is a man of energj' and ability. 
His address is Leon, Kansas. 



26 Neio History of rhe Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

expected we would farther south. In a letter written- 
that day to my wile I say: 

"We are something- of a literary regiment judging by the way 
they write. I mail about 400 letters a day and over 600 on Sunday, 
and it makes considerable work for me as I have to frank a great 
many of them. The Government has kindly provided, on account of 
the difficulties in the way of the soldiers purchasing stamps, that by 
the frank of an officer the letter may be sent and the recipient pay 
the postage at time and place of delivery. " 



CHAPTER II. 

FROM LOUISVILLE TO MEMPHIS. 

The regiment left Louisville, November 8, on the 
transports 3Iary Miller and OUie Sullivan, and reached 
Cairo on the 13th as the river was very low and 
navio-ation difficult. Here we were joined by Lieutenant 
Colonel DeHart and Adjutant Cummins. Going on to 
Columbus we reshipped on a large transport called the 
J. B. Ford; after running a few miles it was foggy and we 
anchored for the night. We passed Island No. 10, New 
Madrid and other points of interest at that time. We 
landed that evening at Fort Pillow and the boat tied up 
for the night. At daylight we started for Memphis 
where we landed at 3 p. m. on Saturday, the 15th. 

An extract from a letter I wrote to my wife next day 
was as follows (It is dated Sunday, November 16, 1862): 

"The J. B. Ford landed us at wharf at 3 p. m. yesterday, we then 
had to unload the boat and move out here to camp, where we arrived 
a little after dark. We did not pitch our tents last night and have 
been busy all the forenoon clearing off the ground and pitching our 
tents; we were all very tired, but since we have got settled I am 
feeling better. We are getting down into the land of Dixie for certain 
now. We have an excellent camp here in the edge of the woods south 
of the city. Did not see much of the city as we passed through, but 
have to go down with the mail this afternoon and will have aa 



From Louisville to Memphis. 



27- 




DR. ABNER D. KIMBALL. 

1900. 



Born January 24, 1839, in Coshocton county, Ohio. Came to- 
Miami county, Indiana, in 1850; worked on a farm until seventeen 
years old; began the study of medicine in 1857; g-radueited at Rush 
Medical College in the winter of 1860-61 ; located at Converse, Indiana; 
volunteered as a recruit in October, 1864, in Company I, 99th Indiana' 
regiment; recommended for first assistant surgeon in the regiment; 
was with the regiment from Atlanta to Washington; was then trans-^ 
ferred to 48th Indiana, and commissioned first assistant surgeon; 
mustered out of service in July; returned to Converse and engaged 
in the practice of medicine up to 1S84, at which time located at 
Marion, Grant county, Indiana; continued in the practice until May 
20, 1890, at which date he was appointed surgeon of the Marion 
branch of the National Soldier's Home, and has served there ever 
since. Dr. Kimball is a thorough physician; graduated also at the 
close of the war at the Bellevue Medical College, New York, in the 
session of 1868-69. The soldiers of the National Home are sure of a 
kindly medical attendance as long as Dr. Kimball remains with, 
them. 



28 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

opportunity to look around. There are a good many troops here and 
we are to be brigaded with the 97th Indiana, Colonel R, C. Catterson 
commanding, the 70th Ohio, Colonel J. R. Cockerill and the S3rd 
Ohio, Colonel Jones. 

•'We have now got our field and staff divided off into messes, as 
follows: No. 1, the colonel, major and chaplain. No. 2, the lieu- 
tenant-colonel, adjutant and sergeant-major. No. 3, the quarter- 
master, quartermaster-sergeant and commissary-sergeant. 

"I beg into think I shall like the service better after I get used to 
the change unless I do like the Irishman's horse, 'die in getting used 
to it. ' Impossible to have any service to-day as all are so busy. I 
wish you could take a peep into our tent and see how cosily we are 
-situated, it is not a palace, or a home, but it shelters us from the 
cool air without." 

We remained at Memphis until November 26, when we 
started on what we afterward called the "Holly Springs 
Campaign." The enemy was reported to be strongly 
entrenched on the Tallehatchie river and General Grant 
was in their front on the north coming down from Grand 
Junction, General Sherman, with our corps organized at 
Memphis, was to move south-east and strike them on the 
flank. 

While at Memphis the measles still continued and about 
a hundred men were lost to the service. The hospital 
service at Memphis was fairly good but somehow the 
exposure left those who recovered from the measles in a 
weak and exhausted condition so that many of them 
were never able for duty no matter how much they 
desired to remain in the service. Among those who died 
at Memphis and as a result of the sickness there were 
the following: 

Company B. — James M. Bussell. 

Company C. — Ether A. Cook, 

Company D. —Moses Arnold, John F. Connett, Samuel Kitts- 
•miller. 

Company E. — John D. Wyatt, William Brown. 

Company F. — Hallett Barber, Archibald McLane. 

Company H. — Ira Calvin, William Shelly, John B. Ralston, 
Anderson Lamb. 

The following were discharged as the result of the 



From Louisville to Memphis. 



29; 




ROBERT B. LANK, COMPANY C. 

1900. 



sickness there and many of them lived only a few years, 
and never recovered their health: 

Company A. — Wm. Parkhurst, Ferdinand Rice. 

Company B. — Peter Hedrick. 

Company C. — John A. Bushong, Henry J. Bushong-, Miller Blach- 
ley, William Hannebuth, William F. Frame, Robert B. Lank, 
Henry Rowland. 

Company D. — Oliver Kissman, George Griffy, Eli Howard, 
William W. Warwick, i^lwood Ward. 

Company E. — William T. Board, John Reynolds. 

Company F. — George W. Dyer, William G. Downs, Jacob H. 
Downs. 

Company G.— James E. Evans, Oscar W. Averj', Reuben W. 
Lane, Solomon Linnville, James H. Monett, Jacob Myers, Henry 
Rushton. 



30 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Company H. — Alexander C. Cochran, Robert Hackley, Elliott 
Budd, Joseph Clark, William F. Parsons, George L. Parsons. 
Company I. — Robert Rose, Georg-e W. Keim. 
Company K. — John Vannatta. 



CHAPTER III. 

HOLLY SPRINGS CAMPAIGN. 

We left Memphis, November 26, 1862, and marched 
eight miles southeast. 

In looking- over the old letters I wrote to my wife 
while on the campaign, I find so many thing's that give 
a picture of our life at the time so much better than I can 
write it now that I prefer to copy them. Of course in 
reading them you must remember that the times were 
dark in our country's history, and man}^ things looked 
far different to us then from what they do now. No 
man can understand this history unless he is willing to 
put himself back there and see how it appeared to the 
men of that time. And any man who will put himself 
back there and see what faith in their country those 
men had, will learn more of what true patriotism is than 
he can ever know otherwise. 

On the 29th I wrote the following from "South 
Branch of Cold water Creek, Saturday p. m., November 
29, 1862:" 

"I write you to-day, though I do not know when I shall be able 
to mail it as our communication by way of Memphis is not very safe, 
on account of the guerrillas, and we have not yet formed a junction 
with the army of Grant. We left Memphis about 10 a. m. Wednes- 
day, marched eight miles and camped for the night in a very good 
place. We started earl}' Thursday, and marched fifteen miles to the 
north branch of Coldwater creek and camped on the south side of the 
stream. Yesterday we marched thirteen miles to the south fork of 
the creek, where we are now camped. We had a stirring time about 
noon yesterday. Our regiment was the» advance guard of the army 



Holly Springs Campaign. 



31 




JAMES L. GERRISH, COMPANY A. 

1900. 



Born November 15, 1836, in Boscanen, Merrimac count^s New 
Hampshire. Educated at Merrimac Normal Institute and at Wabash 
College, Indiana. Moved to West Creek, Lake countjs Indiana, in 
the spring of 1856. Enlisted, August 12, 1862, in the 99th Indiana. 
Served for a time, on detached service. He was mustered out with 
the regiment at Indianapolis, June 5, 1865. Married, February 15, 
1866, to Miss Dier of Wheaton, Illinois. In 1891 moved to Ham- 
mond, Indiana, and June 15th, was appointed tagger in the Bureau 
of Animal Industry, which position he now holds. 

Comrade Gerrish was one of the number that we called our 
genuine yankees, he was a yankee, but at the s^lme time a true 
American soldier and patriot. His address is Hammond, Indiana. 



32 New History of the Ninety- Nintli Indiaria Infantry. 

and it was reported that the rebel pickets were in sight. We 
formed in line of battle and waited for the rest of the armj- to come 
up. We supposed a fight was on and I now know what it feels like 
to think about going into battle. I do not believe I should run, but 
the feeling is rather peculiar. The major (Berkey) was in front 
with two companies of the regiment and was fired upon by some 
guerrillas but without effect. The major returned the fire and he 
had the honor of capturing one of them, the first prisoner on the 
march. We were delayed about two hours, when we resumed the 
march and had no further trouble. 

"To-day we are lying here in camp waiting for communications 
to be opened with General Grant which our scouting parties are now 
trying to effect. I heard General Sherman say to-day that we would 
soon join Grant; if that is the case we will have an army of about 
one hundred thousand men and I am sure there are not enough rebels 
in Mississippi to whip us. The weather is good and it is as mild 
as I ever saw it in Indiana in September. It is reported that the 
enemy will show fight when we reach the Tallehatchie river; hope 
they will as the boys are anxious to fight; they say if we have ta 
fight let us do it and have it out so we can go home to our wives and 
babies. I could not get a horse fit to ride, but I have got a mule and 
he is all right, a trim good pacer and broken to the saddle. The 
12th Indiana is in our division and I see my old chums, William 
Irelan and Harvey Scott, quite often." 

• My next letter was as follows: from "Chulahoma, 
Mississippi, December 1, 1H62." 

"I wrote you on Saturday from Camp Red Bank giving an account 
of our three days march from Memphis. I met General Denver, our 
division commander, this morning, and he told me we would prob- 
ably have an opportunity to send out letters to-morrow. Yesterday 
morning we started on our march to this place arriving here at 3 
p. m. Chulahoma is a small town in a heavily timbered country. 
We have been lying still to-day while our scouting parties are trying 
to locate the position of the enemy. We are all in hopes they will 
fight near here but the impression is gaining ground that they will 
not. We had a very hard rain last night, but our tent did not leak 
so we were all right. 

"General Sherman's headquarters are near ours, and I saw Gen- 
eral Grant when he called on him to-day. They had a long consul- 
tation, but their conclusions no one but themselves know, of course. 
His pictures give a very good idea of his appearance. I guess the 
boys are all writing from the way the letters are coming in, and I 
must spend a couple of hours in franking them." 



Holly Springs Campaign. 



33 




EZRA K. FRIERWOOD, M. D. 
1900. 



Born in Clark county, Ohio, December 29, 1844, moved to Grant 
county, Indiana, in 1851, from where he enlisted in company I, 99th 
Indiana, August 15, 1862, not quite eighteen years of age. Went 
through the war and was mustered out June, 1865. Began study of 
medicine and graduated in 1869, and has practiced in Miami, 
Howard and Wabash counties ever since. At present located at 
Greentown, Howard county, and is United States Examining 
Surgeon for Pensions at Kokomo, Indiana. He was a faithful sol- 
dier, one who felt the danger and yet withstood its hardships. In a 
line to me he says: "The picture of Colonel Fowler in uniform 
brings vividly to my mind the days of 1864 in the trenches about 
Atlanta where it required the nerves of steel and the fortitude of a 
giant to perform the exacting duties of a soldier." This expressive 
sentence tells the story that makes every man a hero who endured 
that campaign. 



34 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

On December 20, from camp on Yacuapatafa Creek, 
I wrote as follows: 

"We are here in camp cut oflf from the outside world. M3' last 
letter from you was dated November 20. On the 2d we marched to 
Wyatt, where we had to remain three days to build a bridge across 
the river. There we met our first reallj-^ hard times. Our trains 
did not come up and it rained and then it poured and we had to sleep 
on the g-round without tent or covering-. Even the stars were not 
above us to look at for the clouds were too thick and heav3^ 

"On the 5th we marched to College Hill, twelve miles, where we 
found a good camp and remained until the 11th. On the 7th we 
were reviewed by General Grant and many of our men saw for the 
first time the man of whom the people are talking so much. He 
doesn't look half as much like a general as Sherman or McPherson. 
On the 9th General Sherman made our regiment a short address the 
same as to all the regiments, and he goes back to Memphis to engage 
in some other campaign. I learn that now we are to be in General 
James B. McPherson 's command of the 17th Corps. On the 11th we 
marched to Clear Creek, twelve miles, and on the 12th came to our 
present camp. "While at College Hill we found a large church and 
• Chaplain Griffith, 53d Ohio; Munn, 100th Indiana; Sullivan, 70th 
Ohio; Captain Moore, 40th Illinois, and myself each preached a ser- 
mon to a very large audience. Think some good was done. " 

"We had to leave some comrades by the way, and when I think 
of it I wonder how many will live the conflict through. Samuel 
Collins, of Company C, from Valparaiso, and Alison Graham, Com- 
pany G, from Groveland, were buried on the way, and on the 17th I 
attended the funeral of a German belonging to Miller's Indiana 
Battery, who are camped near us. He was cutting down a tree for 
wood when it fell on him and killed him. I sometimes wonder if they 
will find their graves on a foreign soil in the end, or whether the 
Stars and Stripes for which they died will wave over them. I believe 
in God and so I must believe they have not died in vain. 

"You cannot tell how anxious we all are to hear something 
from the north. We have heard also that our "cracker line" has 
been cut in the rear, that a coward or a traitor. Colonel Murphy, 
surrendered Holly Springs to the enemy without a fight. If that is 
the case we will get no mail for a long time, and will probably go 
back to Memphis again; we cannot tell. One soldier just came in 
and told me solemnly that peace was declared and we are going to 
march back to Memphis for discharge. Of course I do not believe it 
for there are so many sensational reports that I am getting doubtful 
about some things I know to be true. You ought to have seen me 
with a hundred others down by the creek, soap in hand, washing 
my shirts, drawers, handkerchiefs, etc., as we could get no one to do 
it. I am learning to be a fair washer, but I am sure I shall never 



HolJy Springs (Jarnjyaigii. 



35 



1243141 




ALANSON W. SNYDER, COMPANY A. 

1900. 



Was born in Clyde, Wayne county, New York. Parents moved to 
Lake county, Indiana in 1844. Served in Company A for three 
years, being- slightly wounded on the Atlanta Campaign. After the 
war spent two years in Lake county, then moved to Minnesota, where 
he has since resided. Has been employed by the North Western 
Railroad Company for the last twenty-seven years as a locomotive 
engineer. Comrade Snyder has always taken great interest in the 
reunions of the survivors of the old regiment having attended nearly 
all of them, and is beloved by them all. Address, Waseca, Minnesota 



36 Neic History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

be a cook. I can put a piece of fat pork on a stick and fry it over 
the fire, but that is about all. I can never tell you how much I am 
worried about you, and the fact that I cannot tell when I shall hear 
makes it worse. The colonel keeps in good spirits as he is an old 
campaigner and knows how to make the best of everything. He has 
been writing to his wife and calling me just now said 'Chaplain, 
give me an envelope, quick. ' I asked him what was his hurry. He 
said, *I can't read what I've written now and if I don't put it in an 
envelope at once my wife can't read it.' It is difficult to get lone- 
some where he is. We are now on short rations and tobacco is 
scarce. The 'weed' lovers are chewing it fine even if it is plug. It 
is said orders have been received for us to take the back track." 

On the 30th, from Holly Springs, I wrote: 

"Hail happy day, we may call this for after a patient waiting, 
or perhaps I ought to say, impatient, I managed to-day to get our 
mail by going after it myself and I have just distributed with the 
help of the orderly sergeant over 7,000 letters to the members of the 
regiment, the first mail since we left Memphis in November. Your 
letter informing me of the birth of a son and heir to our home is re- 
ceived and you know how greatly it has relieved my anxiety about 
you in the time of your lonely trial and suffering. On the 22d we 
marched northward taking as we say, the back track and camped 
between Clear Creek and College Hill. A good many of our men are 
sick and as we held the advance, we had to bring up the rear on the 
retreat and it was quite a task to bring them all along safely. On 
the 23d we marched through College Hill and Abbeville and after 
crossing the Tallehatchie river went into camp and remained until 
the 28th. There we spent Christmas and it was not a very merry 
one you may be sure. We had short rations and a little speechmak- 
ing and that was our Christmas. On the 28th we marched six 
miles to Lupton's Mills and yesterday we came here where it looks 
like we will spend several days. I have been suffering with neural- 
gia in the head for several days and something like chills every 
other day, and I begin to sympathize with the poor fellows who are 
sick. The doctor has given me quinine enough to kill, or cure, and 
I am not sure which it will do yet. He gave me an emetic on Sunday 
morning and that did me good, only we had to march in the after- 
noon and I came near taking cold again as I was rather weak." 

On the 31st I finished this letter saying-: 

"After I quit writing yesterday we moved our camp from the 
north to the east side of the town. This is the coldest morning we 
have seen this winter, and the ice is to be seen all about us. Some 
of our men are quite sick and we are getting them into a house. 
Colonel Fowler goes away to La Grange where he is detailed on a 
court-martial leaving Colonel DeHart in command. The town of 



Ilolly Springs Campaign. 



37 




OTTO GROTH, COMPANY C. 

1890. 



Born June 3, 1835, in Hamburg, Germany, Came to this country 
in 1851, and worked on a farm. When the war broke out he 
enlisted in the 99th, where he served faithfully for three years. He 
returned home and clerked in a store for three years. October 29, 
1868, he was united with Miss Belle Harris in marriage; to them 
were born six children, three girls and three boys. After marriage 
he entered into the mercantile business for himself and continued 
until his death which occurred at Wanatah, LaPorte county, Indi- 
ana, March 25, 1891. He was baptized and united with the Chris- 
tian church in December, 1886; was faithful and a good christian 
man while he lived. His wife and family still reside at Wanatah, 
Indiana, and sent the picture which appears in this volume as a 
token of the respect and honor with which they cherish his memory. 



38 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Holly Springs has suffered greatly and is almost entirely destroyed. 
This is the lg.st day of the year and our regiment was mustered for 
pay but when we shall get any is another question; we are all 
without any money and on an equality, all poor alike. The close of 
the year brings a sentimental feeling to the hearts of all the men and 
wherever I go among them they talk of it in a way that may be 
called the hopeful melancholy. They have received no pay and some 
of them fear their families may suffer in the cold winter, for I know 
that under these blue coats are as tender and loving hearts as this 
earth has ever known." 

On January 11, 1863, I wrote as follows: 

"'i'his Sunday morning finds us at Camp Fowler, five miles 
west of La Grange, Tennessee, where I think we will stay for some 
time. But I must tell you how we came here, we spent our New 
Years day at Holly Springs in the usual way of every other day, 
only all the men tried to have a little extra for dinner and cleaned 
up lest we should forget the amenities of civilized men. Captain 
Tilberry Reid, of Company G,died that day and made many sad. On 
the 6th we marched east to Salem, fifteen miles, and the 7th to 
Davis Mills, eleven miles, and there remained on the 8th, on the 9th 
we came here marching by the way of La Grange, it is nine miles from 
La Grange to Moscow and we are arranged in this way, three miles 
west from La Grange are Companies A, F and D, under command 
of Lieutenant Colonel DeHart, two miles farther west are Companies 
I, C, H and E, under the command of Colonel Fowler and two miles 
further west are Companies G and B, under command of Colonel 
Berkey. I proposed and it was accepted, to call the forts Fowler, 
DeHart and Berkey after their commanders. We are building stock- 
ades and fitting up as if we were to stay all winter and I think we 
will. My headquarters are with the Colonel though I was at Fort 
DeHart yesterday and at Fort Berkey to-day. The men are at work 
so we had no service to-day. Went to La Grange yesterday and got 
the mail. Saw General Grant, but confess he does not look much 
like a General to me. 



Holly Spri}u/s CainpaUjn. 



39 




JAMES CAMPBELL, COMPANY C. 

1900. 



Born August 1, 1845, in Fayette county, Indiana, Parents 
moved to Benton county, Indiana, in November, 1854, settling at 
Oxford, Indiana. This has been the home of Comrade Campbell 
since the war. His occupation is that of photographer. He has a 
wife but no children. He was one of those quiet, faithful soldiers, 
always ready and alwaj's willing to do his duty. His address is 
Oxford, Indiana. 



CHAPTER IV. 

THE WINTER AT FORTS FOWLER AND DE HART. 

When I begin to write of the winter at Fort Fowler 
and Fort De Hart and Moscow, there come to me some of 
the saddest hours of our soldier life. The lights and 
shadows of that winter are so indelibly impressed on my 
mind that I often live them over again. It was there 
the regiment was put into the crucible to be tried and 
the law of the survival of the fittest to have full play. 
The hard campaign on which we started in November 
and that did not end until we reached our camp for the 
winter in January, had been a trying one. The weather 
had been cold, even for that climate, and rain, rain, 
rain was the order of many days. Hence many of our 
men were in a condition that gave disease a hold that 
made the struggle for life with many an unequal con- 
test. Nearly every day the eyes of some brave soldier 
were closed in death, and I feel that the first duty is to 
record the names of the men who in early life gave up 
their lives for their country. 

Died at Fort Fowler and La Grange during the win- 
ter. 

Company A.— Captain Daniel F. Sawyer, Thomas C. Pinnell, 
Hiram A. Case, Rollins T. Harris, August Vandewort — 5. 

Company B. — Nathaniel Blakely, Andrew Curr3% Thomas J. 
Collins, William Fletcher, Robert Mullen, Lemuel J. Nibarger, 
Thomas Nibarger, Sanford Pope, Madison Winn— 9. 

Company C— Benjamin Biggs, George W. Biggs, Reason John- 
son, John Johnson, John L. Kester, Charles Sleeper, Harvey White, 
Wm. Worster— 8. 

Company D. — Fr^mcis Litzenberger, John Campbell, Benjamin 
Litzenberger, Jefferson Morehead, Wm. Ramer, Jesse Ramer, 
James Ralston, Reuben Snyder, John Southerton— 9. 

Company E. — William Ayrhart, James Griffith. Jonas L. Hor- 
ner, Wm. Holloway, John Holloway, Hiram W. Kelley, John W. 
Moore, Elijah Mote, John Starkey, Andrew J. Sanderson, Jacob 
Webber— 11. 



The Winter at Forts Fowler and De Hart. 



41 




MATTHIAS BONEY, COMPANY A. 

1900. 



Born March 27, 1844, at St. Johns, Lake county, Indiana. Served 
through the war. Came back to Lake county and married Septem- 
ber 15, 1866 to -Elizabeth Ennis. Has always lived in Lake county, 
mostly in Crown Point. He owns a hotel and a stock farm. Has a 
wife, daughter, Cora, and son, Eddie. Comrade Boney is a true 
comrade, always attends the reunions of the regiment and when the 
reunions are at Crown Point his hotel is headquarters, and he wel- 
comes all. If you ever go to Crown Point you will find him at 
"Hotel Boney" if you inquire for "Mat." Like all the rest he is 
proud of the record of the 99th Indiana and that he was a 
member of the old regiment. 



42 Neio History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Company F.- John T. Swiggett, Thomas H. Colvin, Stephen B. 
Gould— 3. 

Company G— Lieutenant Benton A. Reid, James B. Long", 
James T. Brown, John Day, Thomas Faulkner, Thomas J. Osborn, 
Lewis M. Rose, John W. Turner — 8. 

Company H.— Sergeant Jasper N. Parsons, Lieutenant John F. 
Parsons, Daniel I. Brown, Robert Ragsdale — 4. 

Company I. — Jefferson Sullivan — 1. Total 58. 

I know of no way to get the history of this time so 
well before the reader as to give extracts from the rec- 
ord I made of daily events at the time. They have the 
merit of having been written at the time and lie before 
me in the very form and words as I wrote them. 

On the 13th I wrote: 

"Some of the men are beginning to complain of a little animal 
we have named 'greybacks' and we are all washing and cleaning 
up. We get mail now from Memphis every other day and I go up to 
La Grange and get it and the men are all glad to get in communica- 
tion with the outside world again. " 

On the 16th I wrote: 

"It snowed yesterday and the snow is about four inches deep 
to-day and winter appears to be in earnest. I forgot to tell you that 
Companies G and B from Fort Berkey with the major, have all 
been moved here so we have six companies here and two at Fort De 
Hart." 

On the 18th I wrote: 

"Our sutler came to-day with a stock of goods and as the men have 
had nothing but regular rations for a time they are buying a few ex- 
tras for a change. Last night Quartermaster Cathcart gave an oy- 
ster supper to a number of invited guests and we had as good a time 
as is possible without ladies to grace the occasion. It is astonish- 
ing how many men are true, noble men under all circumstances, 
and there is no place like the army to bring out the good, or bad, just 
what is in a man. " 

On the 19th I wrote: 

"Captain Carr of Company B has been compelled to resign. He 
is a good officer and the colonel likes him but he cannot stand the 
service, and it seems to be a case of 'quit or die.' " 

On the 22d I wrote: 

"A day or two ago we got a fine large tent and having pitched 
it, put in a floor and built a large fire place and so are comfortable. 



Tlie Winter at Forts Fowler and De Hart. 



43 




JACOB TRITT AN'D WIFE, COMPANY D. 

1899. 



Born in 1844, in Vig-o county, Indiana; raised on a farm; enlisted 
August 10, 1862, at the age of 18 years; served until the close of the 
war; married in 1866, and they have been living- on the farm ever 
since; Comrade Tritt and his wife never miss attending the reunions 
of the old regiment, and to him perhaps more than any other is the 
preparation of this history due; he has written as often as once in. 
six months during the last four years urging me to undertake the 
new history; his address is Sandford, Vigo countj', Indiana. 



44 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

We got some bedsteads from a deserted house in the country and sleep 
as if we were at home. It will make a fine place for a company to 
get together and spend an evening. Thomas J. Osborn of Company 
G, poor fellow, died to-day. I did not think j-esterday he would die, 
but when I went to see him to-day he was so far gone that he did not 
know me. ' ' 

On Sunday evening-, January 25th, I wrote: 

"We got no mail last week as they are using all the boats on 
the river to ship troops to Vicksburg. Our whole division is to be 
left here to guard this railroad and make a guard for Memphis and 
the river above there. We are comfortably fixed, our men have very 
good quarters and have no objection to staying for the winter. I 
preached this morning to a good and attentive audience from Luke 
23:33, 'And there they crucified Him.' I would like to preach in 
a house once more. To-night I have fixed up the mail and we are 
having a good time at headquarters singing old hymns. Sergeant- 
Major McGlashon and Orderly Brewer are both good singers and so 
we have a good time. I can hear men singing in a good many of the 
tents and cabins in. camp. It is a pleasant sound and brings up the 
memories of the past. " 

On Thursday, the 29th, I wrote: 

"On Tuesday a scouting party of four was sent out to go about 
fifteen miles where a body of rebel cavalry was reported to camp. 
After going eight miles they camped for the night. Thej' had strict 
orders to keep away from houses, but after dark Corporal John W. 
Warner of Company E, determined to go into one leaving the others 
outside to watch. He was gone about an hour when a shot was fired 
and he ran out with about fifteen men and some dogs after him. 
The others tried to fire their guns but they would not go and so they 
returned to camp leaving Warner to his fate. Yesterday Major Ber- 
key took four companies and went out to look for him and found the 
place where he was supposed to have been killed, but could not find his 
body or the men who had attacked him. They could not learn surely 
that he was dead, but it is almost certain that he is. He was a dar- 
ing and desperate fellow, a good scout, but a good many of his com- 
panions say he was no honor to the regiment." 

This case at various times since the war has been a 
subject of comment by the comrades, and the general im- 
pression has been that the man at whose house Warner 
was killed was himself killed by some members of the 
regiment. In 1892 Comrade A. P. Spaulding-, of Company 
I,, of Wabash, wrote a letter to the postmaster at Mos- 



The Winter at Forts Fowler and De Hart. 45- 




JOSHUA P. SPAULDING, COMPANY A. 

1899. 

Born November 29, 1833, in Monroe county, Michigan, came to- 
Lake county, Indiana, in 1837, and that has been his home since. 
He enlisted in Company A, August 12, 1862, and served until muster 
out of regiment, a faithful soldier and good man. Address, Orchard. 
Grove, Indiana. 



46 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

cow, Tennessee, W. J. Rodgers, to find out if any of the 
stockade was left as he wished to secure some of it for 
canes for the comrades, as he is a wood turner by trade, 
and I here insert the letter of the postmaster as it brings 
up some memories of that past: 

"The statement you make of the stockade, the deep cut and the 
bridg-e over it, and the graveyard and Wolf river are all correct. 
The sign of the stockade can yet be seen. The Baptist minister, 
John Bateman, now lives in Waco, Texas; Allen is dead; Elisha 
Williams, the famous laugher, lives in LaGrauge; Wilson, Mayo, 
Caroway, Lloyd, Penn and Davis, of whom you speak, are all dead. 
As to the desparado, Warner, of whom you speak, the women here 
say that he deserved all he got. I was a member of Vaugn's 
brigade, of Cheatham's division, Army of the Tennessee, and was 
paroled at Johnson's Island, Ohio, June 12, 1865, and came right on 
this battlefield you speak of and married the girl I left behind me 
on the banks of Wolf river within one and one-half miles of your 
stockade, and she has stood before Warner with a pistol in her 
pocket and dared him to touch her. She was then fourteen years 
old and her name was Maggie Pierce." 

"There was a terrible accident near our camp to-day. A broken 
axle derailing two cars in a freight train and killing four and 
wounding three men, two of them, I fear, fatally, of Captain Cogs- 
well's battery. I saw them as they were brought out of the wreck 
and it was one of the sad sights of this horrible war. The train 
was a freight on its way from Memphis and they were g'oing to 
LaGrange. But I must not write of these sad things for they are 
not to be understood except as we see them. I will tell you just how 
we are situated. We have a tent about ninety feet in circumfer- 
ence, a large brick fireplace in one side and our beds arranged 
around the other sides, with our 'parlor table' in the center. We 
have built a stockade of logs set in the ground. It is in circular 
form with only one small entrance and that so it cannot be shot 
through. We can hold it against a much larger force, as the only 
exposure to fire of its defenders are in the small port holes. Every 
man knows his place and when there is an alarm every man goes 
at once without orders to his place in the fort. We had a good 
prayer meeting out on the parade ground to-night." 

On Sunday, February 1st, I wrote: 

"I have been all day at Fort DeHart where the other three com- 
panies are stationed, and had a good visit, though the weather was 
too disagreeable to have service. Took dinner with Colonel De- 
Hart." 



The Winter at Forts Fuwler and De Hart. 



47 




ABRAHAM WHISLER, COMPANY 1. 

1899. 



Was born December 5, 1844, in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He enlisted in Miami county in 1862, and has lived there 
ever since the close of the war; has a family of four children, three 
girls and one boy; he has a g-ood farm and is by occupation a 
farmer. For the last five years he has been trustee of Richland 
township. He was a g-ood soldier and takes a g-reat interest in the 
reunions and record of the old regiment. His address is Chili, 
Indiana. 



48 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

On Tuesday, February 3rd, I wrote: 

"We are once more supplied with abundance of food and are 
reveling- in luxuries once more, an evidence of the old truth, that it is 
a feast or a famine. I will give you the bill of fare of the 'Fowler, 
Berkey and Lucas Wigwam' for dinner to-day: corned beef, fried 
ham, pigs feet, baker's bread, butter, molasses, coffee, sugar, mus- 
tard, apple and strawberry pie, cheese and crackers. How will 
that do?" 

On Sunday, February 8th, I wrote: 

"Dr. Butterworth has been promoted to surgeon and we have 
established a very good hospital near camp. I have been there writ- 
ing some letters for the sick men who are unable to write, Alas, a 
good many of them are homesick and it is sad to be sick in the army 
and away from home. I attended the burial of W^illiam Ayrhart of 
Company E, to-day who died in our regimental hospital, he was a 
good man from Adrian, Newton countj\ 

"Colonel Fowler is a good natured, jovial man who keeps all 
about him from being down-hearted. A private has no more fear in 
his presence than if he was his equal in rank. In his intercourse 
he is the companion and equal of all, yet he is a firm disciplinarian 
and his word is law when in command of the regiment and all know 
it. He seemingly is not troubled by fear, and is a brave man in the 
true sense of the word. He lost the thumb of his right hand in the 
Mexican war and it affects his handwriting some as he must hold 
the pen between his fingers. On Friday all was quiet and he spent 
four hours in telling me his history and I hope you will preserve this 
letter with the abbreviation of it as I may want to use it some day. 
He said: 'I had been in the regular army three years when I met a 
good woman that I loved and married her. About ten months after- 
ward we started to California with the purpose of wintering on the 
frontier. While waiting there a daughter was born. Spring came 
and we went on through to California. Staid there a year and made 
clear $3,000.00. My wife's health failing, we concluded to go back 
to Indiana by water. She improved some, but after a few days grew 
worse and death came. We committed her body to the care of the 
Pacific ocean. I had only the babe to comfort me, and with a great 
deal of care and anxiety I brought it to South Bend, and put it into 
the hands of my mother. She is now about 11 years of age and has 
written me a letter. ' As he closed the tears started in his eyes born 
of memories of the past. He is married again and has a wife and 
another child about two years of age at South Bend." 

On Thursday afternoon, Feb. 12th, I wrote: 

"This has been a gloomy day in camp as the word has gone 
round that Captain Sawyer of Company A is dead. He has been 



The Winter at Forts Fowler and De Hart. 



49 




JOB ELDRIDGE, COMPANY F. 

1900. 



Born April 13, 1834, in Preble county, Ohio. Came to White 
county, Indiana, in 1845. Enlisted August 22, 1862. Served through 
the war. Is a bachelor. Now lives at 741 Massachusetts avenue, In- 
dianapolis, is a good man and a friend to all his comrades. 



50 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

complaining for some time but was taken worse about two weeks 
ago and has been gradually going down until about 4 o'clock this 
morning he quietly breathed his last. Fever with camp diarrhea in 
chronic form was the cause. He is gone. About 45 years of age, he 
could not stand the service. He was a favorite in the regiment. If 
I were to describe him I would say he was a rough diamond, a man 
with a harsh tongue and a kindlj' heart. He sent for his wife ten 
days ago but she has not come yet. Lieutenant Burnham who is 
next in command is sick at the same house but is better and I think 
will get well. I have been a good deal under the weather myself for 
two weeks but am better now, the same camp fever and diarrhea that 
affects us all, more or less. " 

On Sunday evening, February 15th, I wrote: 

"On Friday I rode out to the house where Captain Sawyer 
died and we laid his body to rest near by. Six commissioned 
oflficers acted as pall bearers and his entire company appeared not 
only as escort but sincere mourners. Slowlj- and sadly we carried 
him to the grave, where I pronounced as well as I could a fitting 
eulogy, offered a prayer for the living, when the escort fired three 
rounds as a parting salute and we all went our way leaving him in 
the 'hands of Him who doeth all things well. ' Our friendship began 
when we met at South Bend and I shall miss him very much. The 
excitement and riding on horseback has brought on a return of my 
bowel trouble, and the doctor has given me so much opium I can 
write no more tonight as there is a 'buzzing' in my ears. " 

On Friday, February :20th, I wrote: 

"I am much better than when I wrote last. The wives of Cap- 
tain Sawyer and Lieutenant Burnham came to-daj' and are at the 
house where the captain died. Poor woman! She came to find her 
husband laid in the grave. Lieutenant Burnham is better, I am 
going out to see them to-morrow. I would have gone this afternoon 
but I have just come in from attending the burial service of Sergeant 
Joseph N. Parsons, of Company H, from Indianapolis, who died 
yesterday." 

On Sunday, February 22nd, I wrote: 

"Yesterday in company with Captain Homan and Lieutenant 
Walker, of Company H, I visited Fort DeHart and took dinner with 
Captain Gwin, of Company F; had a fine visit. On the way we 
called at the house where Captain Sawyer died, and met Mrs. 
Sawyer and Mrs. Burnham. Mrs. Sawyer will return to Memphis 
to-morrow on her way home, taking her husband's body with her. 
She is a very fine appearing woman with a strong will that enables 
her to control her sorrow, a woman of nerve and bravery. The prayea 



The Winter at Forts Fowler and Be Hart. 



51 




EDMUMD W. SPEAR, COMPANY F. 

1900. 



Born June 24, 1840, near Rochester, New York. At the age of 
18 years came to Indiana, where in 1862, he enlisted in Company F 
and served his country until the war closed. He was on the sick 
list several times but never in the hospital, never had a furloug-h. 
He was detailed in January, 1864, as teamster, and remained on 
such detail until the war closed. Was injured near Goldsboro, 
North Carolina, by a runaway horse, throwing him against a tree 
and he was unfit for further duty until after the close of the war. 
Since the war he has resided mostly in Illinois. Address, Sidney, 
Illinois. His wife has just died and he has one daughter living-. 



52 Neiv History of the Ninetij-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

of every member of the regiment is that God may protect and comfort 
her on her lonely way. Mrs. Burnham will stay two or three weeks 
until the lieutenant fully recovers. This being Washington's birth- 
day we heard a national salute at La Grange this morning. We 
honor the father of his country, but did not celebrate to-day as it is 
too cold for an out door service." 

On Wednesday, February 25th, I wrote: 

"Major Berkey took a hundred men and went out on a foraging 
expedition yesterday, and they managed to pick up considerable 
plunder, so we had fried chicken for breakfast We are to have one 
of our evening concerts at headquarters to-night; Quartermaster Cath- 
cart plays the violin, Lieutenant Harman the flute, and the sutler's 
clerk the banjo, and they make fine music, and as we have a number of 
good singers it helps us greatly in passing the weary evenings away. " 

On Sunday afternoon, March 1st, I wrote: 

"I am sorry to say that I have to sit up in bed to write you a 
line, as I was taken with what the doctor calls 'camp fever' on 
Wednesday night and it has been a struggle with lobelia, castor 
oil, quinine, etc., to break it up, and I think it is about done with. 
Friday your letter with your picture and that of our boy came and 
that has helped me. Maurice Martin, of Company C, went out in 
the country and got me some milk and I have had a meal of bread 
and milk and I begin to feel all right. Major Berkey, Orderly 
Brewer and all the rest have given me the best of care. Instead of 
service to-day, as I am not able to be out. Quartermaster Sergeant 
Severance is holding a Bible class in a little grove near camp. He is 
a good christian man. I hear of a number of our men dying in the 
general hospital at LaGrange, while Nathaniel Blakely, of Com- 
pany B, Reason Johnson, of Company C, (one of the men who 
enlisted with me at Oxford), Elijah Mote, of Company E, Jaines T. 
Brown and Lewis M. Rose, of Company G, Daniel I. Brown and 
Albert Ragsdale, ot Company H, in addition to those already men- 
tioned have died here in camp and hospital. The regiment was 
mustered for pay again yesterday, but when it will come no one can 
tell. Some men are feeling badly about their families as they need 
money to live upon." 

On Sunday evening, March ^t\\, I wrote: 

"I am some better but the doctor still has me in tow and is 
regulating my diet and medicine, and it is nip and tuck which I get 
the most of. A Baptist minister named Bateman, living near camp, 
preached for me to a good audience to-day, though it was too cool for 
me to be out." 



The Winter at Forts Foivler and De Hart. 53 




CAPTAIN RODMAN H. WELLS, COMPANY A. 

1900. 

Born June 6, 1838, in Crown Point, Indiana, where he has 
always resided. He entered the service as a private, but was ap- 
pointed first sergeant on the muster in of Companj' A, and served as 
such until February 12, 1863 when he was promoted to first lieuten- 
ant and on the resignation of Captain Burnham, was appointed Cap- 
tain. He was taken sick on the way up the river from Vicksburg, 
and was not able for duty for six months, and so, April 28, 1864, he 
resigned. Returned to Crown Point, which has been his home ever 
since. He married in 1859 Miss Nancv' S. Vanhouten, and the last 
letter I had from him he announces the fact that he has a grand- 
daughter, of which they are very proud. He has been engaged in 
farming, raising fine horses, etc., and was elected sherift" of Lake 
county and served as such for some years. He has alwaj's taken an 
interest in the reunions, and his wife and daughter Jennie, have 
always been helpful in the work. A whole-hearted comrade and a 
friend to every 99th man, is his record. 



54 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

On Tuesday, March 10th, I wrote: 

"I am much better and the doctor says, 'Take care of yourself 
and you will be all right, ' and I think he is right. Dr. McGaughey, 
from the agency of Governor Morton at Memphis to look after Indi- 
ana's sick soldiers, has been here to-day getting the descriptive rolls 
of some sick soldiers we have in the barracks at Memphis. He is a 
genial fellow and brought in a flavor of the outside world. As one 
of the boys said to me, 'Just look at him, he can come and go as he 
pleases, ' as if it was a remarkable thins^. Every one here is doing 
just what some one else tells them and they must do it, and it seems 
strange to see a man that can go to Indiana if he wants to and no 
one to hinder him. Not the least of the sacrifices of the soldiers is 
their placing themselves voluntarily under the laws of war." 

On Wednesday, March 13th, I wrote: 

" 'Able for rations again,' tells the story and I am all right. 
The paymaster was here to-day and paid the regiment up to October 
31. But having some money the question is, how are we going to 
send it home." 

On Saturday, March 21st, I wrote: 

"Quite a change is going on in camp to-day. Companies A and C 
are ordered to move from here to go into camp one and one-half miles 
nearer Moscow, and thus dividing our regiment into three 
parts again. Our brigade headquarters being now at Moscow, 
I go there every day with the mail. Corporal Will Savage, of 
Company C, went out with a scouting party on Thursday night and 
captured two notorious guerrillas, and the colonel presented Will 
with a fine revolver found on one of them. The health of our men is 
improving, though some are dying nearly every daj-. The officers 
seem to suffer as severely as the men. Two of our captains have 
died and another is sick now, and Lieutenant Parsons, of Company 
H, is also very sick." 

On Monday, March 23rd, I wrote: 

"General Hurlbuthas kindly granted me a leave of absence for 
ten days, to go to Indiana and take the money of the soldiers home 
to their families. I leave on Wednesday and will see you about as 
soon as you get this letter." 

On April 9th I wrote: 

"I reached camp to-day and found the regiment all together 
again at Moscow, Tennessee. This occurred on the 4th and it is 
delightful to see a dress parade once again. General Denver has 
resigned and General William Sooy Smith has been assigned to 
command our division. I find the health of the men much improved. 



The Winter at Forts Foivler and Be Hart. 



55 




ALFRED A. REAM, COMPANY I. 
1900 



Born in Carlyle City, Ohio; enlisted when a young man at Peru, 
in Company I, and was mustered out after three years of service as 
sergeant of the company, and is best known by his old comrades as 
"Sergeant Al. Ream." After the war he went to railroading, firing 
on an engine for two years and then becoming an engineer. This he 
followed until 1873, when, as he says: "I went into the grocery busi- 
ness and am still doing business at the old stand, 28 East Main 
street, Peru, Indiana." He was a true soldier and a friend of his 
old comrades, attending the reunions, and is proud of the record of 
the old regiment. A picture taken at the time of his enlistment, will 
be found on another page." 



56 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

though our losses by death at the forts and at theLaGrange hospital 
during February and March have been heavy. Lieutenant Parsons 
died March 26th. " 

On April 15th I wrote: 

"We buried three men to-day, John Campbell, of Company D, 
William Holoway, of Company E, and James B. Long, of Company 
G." 



CHAPTER V. 

THE CHALMER'S RAID. 

In a letter written April 25, I find this report: 

"April 16. Marched at 2 p. m. for La Grange, nine miles, with 
400 men and bivouaced near the depot. Saw General Smith who is 
to command the expedition. Pretty rough on us all sleeping on the 
ground again. 

April 17. On board a train at sunrise and at 9 a. m. reached 
Grand Junction. Have with us 40th and 103d Illinois, 46th Ohio, 
6th Iowa and Cheny's Battery. At noon ran south from Grand 
Junction, reached Waterford at 2 p. m. Found a bridge gone and 
worked nearlj' all night to replace it. 

April 18. Ran on before daylight and plumped into a sand 
bank. Abandoned train and marched to Holly Springs arriving at 
noon. Marched seven miles south to Lumpkin's Mills. Whole regi- 
ment on picket and it rained all night. 

April 19. A man with a dry garment upon him would have been 
a curiosity. I took off my shirt and with the aid of a comrade 
wrung the water out and put it back on. It fit rather close but it 
was all I had and I was as well off as anj- of the rest. We started 
early and marched southwest fifteen miles Out of bread and no 
telling when we will get more. Heard firing in front and shelled 
the woods in the forenoon. 

April 20. Marched southwest about twenty miles, our regi- 
ment in advance and it was a pleasant day. Reports of enemy in 
front and our scouts captured a few of them. No lights allowed and 
perfect silence enjoined at night. 

April 21. Started at 2 a. m. and marched over twenty miles to 
the northwest, passing Senatobia at noon and camped near Cold 
Water Station. Captured a number of the enemy, but General 



The Chalmer's Raid. 




ERASTUS ELLIBEE, COMPANY D. 

1887. 



Born September 1, 1841, in Dark county, and the following is a 
brief statement of a varied career indeed: "Came to Grant count}', 
Indiana, from there to Wabash, then to Miami county. Enlisted in 
August, 1861, in 40th Indiana, but was taken sick and did not get to 
go; enlisted in August, 1862, in the 99th; went all through with the 
regiment; wounded through the muscle of the right thigh at New 
Hope church, June 4, 1864; and under the left ear, battering the jaw 
and affecting the hearing, at Atlanta, August 18, 1864; got back to 
the regiment just in time to make the march to the sea; was forager 
on the march and marched all the way throush the Carolinas; mus- 
tered out with the regiment. In August after he came home, his 
mother died, and he went to Rensselaer, bought a piece of land and 
improved it. In 1871 went to Sacramento, California; was second 
cook on the steamer Flora; then on a ranch until 1872; worked in 
Los Angeles, and Inj'o county for about 8 months; lost his health; 
went to the mines in Kern county, regained his health and worked 
there four years; went to burning charcoal bj' contract; did well; 
went on a gold prospecting tour and failed; bought a half interest in 
a pack train and followed it for seven years and made monej-; then 
bought cattle and has run a ranch ever since. He was married 
July 28, 1890, just twenty-six j'ears after the battle near Atlanta; 
ran for sheriff in 1888, was beaten by thirtj'-three votes." He says: 
"I do not use tobacco, gamble, or drink, and have lived an honora- 
ble, upright life. We have a daughter 7 years of age. My address 
is Mineral Park, Ariz<^na TerritoFy. " 



58 Neiv History of the Ninety-Kmth Indiana Infantry. 

Chalmer with 1,500 men all mounted, is before us, but we can't 
catch him I am sure. 

April 22. Passed Coldwater, the rebel camp, at 9 a. m. and 
Bucksnort at 1 p. m. Crossed Pigeon Roost Creek and camped for 
the night, making twenty-one miles. Picked up a good many strag- 
glers but the main bodj' are bej'ond our reach, are the reports. 

April 23. Marched north twent^^-five' miles to Collierville on the 
Memphis & Charleston railroad. Several scraps with the guerril- 
las during the day. 

April 24. Marched east eighteen miles to our camp at Moscow 
in four and one-half hours, arriving at 1 p. m., having captured in 
the trip forty of the enemy, 400 horses and mules, and other things in 
proportion." 

AN INCIDENT. 

Dear Chaplain: I am delighted to get the pictures of the old 
colonel. The one taken in 1863 I should know anywhere, but do not 
think I would the other. I can see him now as I saw him on the 
Chalmer 's raid in the spring of 1863. Provisions were ver}^ scarce 
and you were with the colonel in a half -pitched tent, both very 
hungry, having nothing to eat all day. That day I had capture I 
two Confederates, and in a pair of saddle-bags of one of them I 
found a cooked ham and a large loaf of bread, so my mess had a 
good supper, when some one said that the colonel and chaplain had 
not had anything all day. So I cut off part of the ham and bread 
and went to the Colonel's tent and when he saw what I had, he 
raised up quickly and said, "Why, Joe, where did you get that?"' 
when you spoke up, saying, "Colonel, don't ask him but eat what 
is set before you, asking no questions for conscience sake." And 
you both fulfilled the injunction about as fast as hungry men could. 
I got a canteeo from one of the prisoners and the colonel asked me 
to let him have it and he would give it back to me at Moscow when 
we got to camp, and when we got there he was ^s good as his word. 
I wish I had that canteen now, what a relic it would be, but we did 
not think as much of those things in those days as we do now when, 
we are all near the foot of the hill. 

Yours, 
Palmyra, Neb., March, 1900. Joseph Williams, 

Company C. 



The Chalmer's Raid. 



59i 




BENJAMIN F. JOHNSON, COMPANY H. 

1900. 



Born in the year 1841, in Kentucky-; came with parents in 1848 to 
Jackson county, Michig-an, and in 1849 to Hendricks county, Indiana, 
where he has since resided. His father, Edward R. Johnson, died 
on Christmas, 1878. Benjamin enlisted in August, 1862, and was 
with the regiment until muster out, being wounded at Kenesaw 
mountain. He was a good soldier and is a good man and citizen, 
and says: "I believe in one country, one language, one flag, andean, 
truly sing: 

"Flag of the free, hearts hope and home, 

By angel hands to valor given, 
Thy stars have lit the welcome dome. 

And all thy hues were born in heaven " 



CHAPTER VI. 

FROM MOSCOW TO VICKSBURG. 
On April 28th, I wrote: 

"I am very sad to-day. One of my 'Benton county boys,' Ser- 
geant Maurice Martin, of Company C, died yesterday. I was up 
with him until 2 a. m., and we did all we could but it was in vain. 
We shall send his body home if we can get a metallic coffin. Ser- 
geant Charles M. Scott, another of my boys, is going home on fur- 
lough with a number of others in the regiment. They started yes- 
terday. Benton A. Reid of Company G, who received his commis- 
sion as lieutenant about a week ago, died on Sunday. Poor boy." 

On Sunday evening. May 3d, I wrote: 

"While I was preaching to-day, Robert Martin, the father of 
Maurice, came into camp and as he came toward me, I saw that he 
was weeping. I stopped preaching and welcomed him and we all 
wept together. He had not heard until he came that his son was 
dead. His two other boj's, Thomas and Will, are both well. I won- 
der how man3' more brave men I must see die. In our whole regi- 
ment we are now becoming so well acquainted and so closely bound 
together, that we sorrow more for those who die. We are getting to 
be a family now. " 

On May 12th I wrote: 

"The health of the regiment is better than ever since we entered 
the service, not a man in hospital now. Am sorry to say our cook 
got drunk to-daj^ and some of our men got 'tipsy' j'esterday, when 
we got a false report that Richmond had been taken. Oh, my! but 
how this world is given to lying. If I were to write you all the re- 
ports that circulate in camp I couldn't pay the postage. " 

On the 15th I wrote: 

"General Thomas, adjutant general of the United States army, 
passed through our usually quiet town yesterday, and we had the 
pleasure of hearing him make a good speech. He is now in this de- 
partment organizing negro regiments, and eight or ten are being or- 
ganized in West Tennessee. Company K of our regiment, that we 
left behind at Indianapolis, came yesterday under command of Cap- 
tain Julian, and we are now all united and have a grand regiment." 

On Sunday evening, May 17th, I wrote: 
"I preached to a large and unusually attentive audience this 
morning from Galatians vi.-7, 'Whatsoever a man soweth that shall 



From Moscow to Vicksburg. 61 

he also reap.' I succeeded in getting- some new hymn-books, and 
they added to the interest in the service. Reports that we are to 
see active service just as soon as the Negro regiments are organized 
to take our place. A little excitement today, General Smith sent 
dispatches that General Chalmers is threatening and may attack us. 
We have three regiments here and a battery and are w^ell fortified. 
The boys say let him come, it will break the monotony of camp life, 
anyway." 

On Wednesday, June 3rd, I wrote: 

"We have been having a delightful time. I commenced preach- 
ing on Thursday evening of last week and have preached every 
evening and on Sunday since that time. On Sunday I baptized six 
soldiers in Wolf river, two on Monday and six yesterday, making 
fourteen in all. I was going to continue, but yesterday there cjime 
an order to move our camp about half a mile, and to-day all is 
bustle and hurry and I had to adjourn until Saturday evening. I 
do not think there is another regiment in the service that is any more 
moral and religious than ours, and their respect for me is only 
equaled by my love for them. The friendships we have formed here 
will abide through life, no matter what the future may be. It is the 
bright side of the soldier life." 

On June 5th, I wrote: 

"Marching orders for Memphis and probably Vicksburg re- 
ceived. All is preparation, but it is quiet. The colonel issues an 
order and every one knows exactly what he must do, and he goes 
about it cheerfully and without a murmur." 

On Sunday evening-, June 7th, I wrote from Memphis: 

"The regiment left Moscow yesterday morning, and reached 
the city at 5 p. m. to-day. In company with Dr. Robinson, Hospital 
Stewart Whitman and Lieutenants Shaner and Curry, I came over 
with the sick and convalescent men on the train. The scene on the 
river here is magnificent. There are over twenty large transports 
at the wharf waiting to take our division of fifteen regiments 
and six batteries to Vicksburg. A gunboat, low and black, with her 
ominous looking port holes, as if they were the eyes of a bull dog on 
guard duty, and the boats of General Ellet's marine brigade in 
the middle of the river tell us that we are to be safely guarded on 
our way. Took dinner with Colonel DeHart, who has been here on 
court martial duty for some days, to-day. Am stopping at the 
Worsham house." 

On Sunday, June 13th, I wrote: 

"We are now in camp at Snyder's Bluff, in the rear of Vicks- 
burg, about two miles nearer Vicksburg than the well known 



62 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Haines Bluflf. We went on board the packet Emerald, on the 8th, 
and left Memphis at 1 p m. on the 9th, and reached this point on 
the Yazoo river on the 11th. The trip down the Mississippi was a 
very pleasant one, though the water upset the digestive apparatus 
•of a good many of the boys, as well as my own. The doctor says it 
will only be temporary, however. The bluff here is cut up into 
ridges with guUeys between them. It is now settled why we are 
here. It is to prevent General Johnston, who has an army gathering 
at Jackson, from interfering with the siege which General Grant is 
prosecuting for the reduction of Vicksburg. Unless he has a hun- 
dred thousand men General Johnston had better let out the job, for 
with less than that he cannot relieve the garrison in the city. It 
is astonishing how soon we are becoming accustomed to the continual 
boom of the cannon. The music is punctuated at intervals with the 
heavy note of the mortars on the barges on the river. The weather 
is quite warm, but we are all standing it very well, as the nights 
are quite cool. Blackberries are plenty here and are ripe, and 
ripening, so that we have all we want. Our men are fairly well, a 
few sick, however, and one poor fellow, Lemuel Newell, of Company 
F, fell overboard at Helena as we were coming down, and was 
•drowned." 

On Monday, June 22d, I wrote: 

"On Saturday, Colonel Fowler, Dr. Butterworth, Orderly Harry 
Brewer and myself, received permission from General Smith to visit 
the scene of action at Vicksburg. A very pleasant ride of nine 
miles brought us to our battle lines at dark, and we lay down on the 
ground with only a blanket, and though there were three guns firing 
near us, slept very well. We were up betimes in the morning and 
first visited General Steele's division. We would leave our horses 
in the rear and go up in the trenches to see the sharp shooters at 
work and the cannons firing. Could not get very close here, being 
about forty rods from the enemy. We next visited General Blair's 
division. Here we got within ten yards and could throw clods into 
the trenches of the enemy. We followed down the trenches, or pits 
as they call them, until we were so close to a rebel fort that we were 
almost under the guns. We next visited General Logan's division 
where there was an artillery duel in progress. As we were riding 
toward it a shell went over our heads and burst about 40 feet behind 
us. We dodged a little you may be sure and our horses were some- 
what frightened. Leaving our horses, we went up into a battery 
and remained an hour watching the artillery duel. It was a little 
exciting to me, as I had never seen a battle at such close quarters, 
and as the shells went screaming over head, or buried themselves in 
the banks of the fort and exploded, the scene was magnificent. I be- 
came so interested in watching our men that I forgot about the dan- 
ger, though I do not think it was very great. It was a good place to 



From Moscoio to Vivksburg. 63 

-study war, however. After seeing and hearing all that we desired, 
we returned to camp where we arrived about 6 p. m., somewhat 
weary, but with all doubts about the capture of Vicksburg removed 
from our minds." 

The next day, the 23d, our division was moved out to 
Oak Ridge on Black river, where we remained until the 
surrender on the Fourth of July. It was a happy day 
to all, though it meant an active campaign for our divi- 
sion which was temporaril}^ attached to the ninth corps 
of General John G. Parke. In the meantime the regi- 
ment had been paid and the colonel and officers said I 
must go to Indiana and take the money home to the 
families. General Grant, on it being made known to 
him kindly granted me leave of absence, and that leave 
of absence with the well known signature of General 
John A Rawlins lies before me as I write this, March 
1900, and is one of the mementos of the war. Rolls were 
made by the officers with the name of the soldier and 
the address of the person, and amount of mone}' to be 
sent. These rolls with the money, about $15,000.00, was 
placed in a common haversack and slung over m^ shoul- 
der and over that I put on a linen duster, went out of 
camp alone and to Vicksburg, took boat for Cairo, and in 
five days reached Indianapolis, where I secured express 
envelopes and sent the money according to the rolls, and 
again breathed more easily. I am glad to say that every 
dollar went safely to the parties for whom it was in- 
tended. I went to Lafayette, spent a few days with my 
wife and boy, and then back to my regiment. 



CHAPTER VII. 

BATTLE OF JACKSON. 

In the meantime what the regiment was doing is best 
told in the report of Colonel Fowler, which was as fol- 
lows: (It is found in Serial 37, Vol. 24, Official War 
Records. ) 

Headquarters 99th Indiana Infantry. 

July 18, 1863. 

Sir: My regiment marched from Oak Ridge, Missis- 
sippi, July 4, 1863, at 4 p. m., and marched until 10 p. m, 
of the same day, when we camped on the east side of 
Bear creek, two miles from Big Black river; we lay there 
until 10 a. m. of the 5th, when we advanced and formed 
in line of battle on the right of the 70th Ohio Infantry, 
where we lay in line until dark, when, with one com- 
pany deployed as skirmishers under command of Major 
J. M. Berkey, I advanced my. regiment in line until the 
skirmishers rested on the bank of the river, the regiment 
resting one hundred yards in the rear. We lay on our 
arms during the night and the next day until 12 m., dur- 
ing which time the skirmishers kei3t up a continual 
firing, when I marched down to the river and ferried 
across, following the 53d Ohio Infantry. We lay on our 
arms in line during the night, and the next day (July 7), 
after drawing three days' rations, marched some six 
miles, where we went into camp during the night. 

July 8th we started in the afternoon and marched 
until 8 p. m., when we camped for the night. 

On the 9th we marched early in the morning, resting 
in the middle of the day. In the afternoon, when we 
came within hearing of the enemy's guns, we formed in 
line on the left of the 53rd Ohio, when we were moved 
forward and formed^ in the same order in an open field, 



Battle of Jackson. 



65 




CAPTAIN ISAIAH A. CURRY, COMPANY B. 

1900. 



Born July 16, 1835, near Greenfield, Indiana, on a farm where 
he was reared, and married Miss Mary C. Thomas, December, 1857. 
He served faithfully in all the campaig^ns of the regiment and gained 
successive promotions. Enlisted as private, but soon appointed first 
sergeant, and served as such until January 1, 1863; then as second 
lieutenant until March 20, 1864; then as first lieutenant until April 
19, 1865; then as captain until muster out. After the war he re- 
turned to his farm and began again as it is said, to ''hoe his own 
row." In 1880, he was elected treasurer of Hancock county, and re- 
elected in 1882. He then embarked in the insurance business until 
two years ago, when he was elected city treasurer of Greenfield for 
four years, which office he now holds. He has reared a family of 
three boys and one girl, and says, "the wife I had while in the ser- 
vice is still living and has been a help and joy in the battle of life." 
Comrade Curry is a true comrade and never fails to meet with his 
old comrades in arms at the reunions. Address, Greenfield, Indiana. 



66 New History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

and throwing- a company of skirmishers out to cover our 
front, we lay on our arms during- the night. 

July 10th, marched some two or three miles when we 
marched in line, my regiment being in reserve most of 
the time. Toward evening- I formed on the left of the 
97th Indiana, and in line, resting with my left wing on 
the east side of the railway; lay on our arms during the 
night. 

On the morning- of the 11th, at daylig-ht, my left being 
very much exposed, the enemy opened on it, and I 
deemed it advisable to move them to the rear of the 
right wing, under cover of the timber. In doing- so, 
Private F. M. McGraw, of Company I, was killed. 
Afterward I moved my regiment to the left across the 
railway and took my position in the new line, having- 
thrown one company out as skirmishers under command 
of Lieutentant-Colonel R. P. DeHart, who had command 
of the skirmishers of the brigade. We moved to the 
front and formed a line on the left of the 97th Indiana, 
being now on the left of the brigade. 

During- the next day (July 12) we lay in line all day 
and on the 13th we moved to the right and rear, and 
during that night and the next morning we threw up 
earthworks to protect the men. 

July 14th, my regiment was ordered to relieve the 
40th Illinois on the skirmish line, where we skirmished 
until 10 a. m. of the 15th, when we were relieved by the 
100th Indiana. As soon as we were relieved, we marched 
back and took our place in the brigade, which had 
moved still farther to the rear, where we lay until the 
17th, the day of the evacuation. 

Between the 12th and 15th my regiment was con- 
tinually under fire of the enemy's shell and grape. Both 
the men and officers behaved well, with two exceptions, 
whom I will bring to your notice in another report. 

List of Casualties: Killed, one; severely wounded, 
one; slightly wounded, five. 
Capt. H. L Phillips, Alexander Fowler, 

Acting- Ass't Adjt-Gen. Colonel 99th Ind. Inf. 



Battle of Jackson. 



67 




CAPTAIN ALFRED H. HEATH, COMPANY A. 

1900. 



Born November 28, 1838, in St. Lawrence county. New York. 
Was corporal until January, 1863; serg-eant to February, 1863; first 
sergeant to November, 1863; second lieutenant to April 7, 1864; first 
lieutenant to September 9, 1864; then captain until mustered out, 
filling each grade in his company. On the march through the Car- 
olinas, he was in command of the Pioneer corps of the second divi- 
sion, Fifiteenth army corps. His record is one of which any soldier 
might be proud. He was married October 5, 1858, at Ionia, Michi- 
gan, and has a family of four children. Since the war he lived at 
Ionia, Michigan, for sixteen years; was register of deeds for Ionia 
county four years, and postmaster of Ionia for nine and one-half 
years. Served four years at Lansing, Michigan, as commissioner 
of labor for the state of Michigan, appointed by Governor Cyrus G. 
Luce. Went to Detroit in March, 1890, and has resided there since. 
He is a manufacturer of electrical apparatus, and his address is 336 
Grand River avenue, Detroit, Michigan. Captain Heath is a com- 
rade, indeed, and never forgets to send a letter to the reunion when 
he cannot come in person. 



68 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

In the brigade commander's report, Colonel J. R. 
Cockerill says: 

"I desire to call attention to Colonel Alexander 
Fowler, Lieutenant-Colonel DeHart and Major Berkey, 
99th Indiana, as officers who have distinguished them- 
selves for courage, perseverance and skill, and are com- 
petent to every task imposed upon them. To the line 
officers of the brigade and the gallant soldiers of each 
and every regiment, I cheerfully testify that all per- 
formed their duty to my entire satisfaction, and seemed 
to vie with each other as to who was the bravest and 
best soldier." 

The regiment and corps returned to Black River, 
where a large camp was formed and named "Camp 
Sherman,"' in honor of the commander of the Fifteenth 
corps. When I returned to my regiment on August 4th, 
being delayed for some time at Memphis waiting for a 
boat, I found Colonel Fowler, a dozen otlier officers and 
some thirty men ready to start home on twenty days 
leave of- absence. Having written the incidents of the 
camp here at the time, I give them as I wrote them at 
the time, preferring to depend on the writing rather 
than on my memory after so many years. 

On Friday, August 7th, I wrote: 

"I am now duly installed in my tent and back at the old stand 
franking letters, writing letters, visiting the sick, etc. Yesterday 
was a day of thanksgiving for the triumph of our arms, and we had 
a division meeting with more than 2,000 soldiers present. Having 
just returned from the north I made them a patriotic speech." 



Battle of Jackson. 



69 




WILLIAM MUSSELMAN, COMPANY L 



1900. 



Born May 22, 1844, in Lancaster count}', Pennsylvania; parents 
moved to Miami county, Indiana, when he was ten years of age, where 
his boyhood days and youth were spent on his father's farm; enlisted 
in August, 1862, at the age of 18 years; he was with the regiment 
from its organization to its muster out and participated in all the 
battles in which tlie regiment was engaged. At tlie close of the war 
he returned to the parental home in Richland township, wliere he 
engaged in farming on the home place until 1872, when he purchased 
a tract of land where he now lives, and has a farm of four-hundred 
and fifty acres, all highly improved in one body; he makes a spec- 
ialty of breeding thoroughbred Red Polled cattle, having at the 
present time a herd of forty head. He has been twice married and 
has four children, Samuel, Marj-, Franklin and William; he was 
married to his present wife, Miss Priscilla Foor, December 5, 1873. 
He is at the present time trustee of Allen township, Miami county; 
his address is Macy, Indiana, and he is a true comrade. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

AT CAMP SHERMAN. 

On Sunday evening, August 23rd, I wrote: 

"Lieutenant-Colonel DeHart is in command of the regiment in 
the absence of the colonel, and seems to be doing very well. We 
have some sick men now, and I spend some time each day in the 
hospital. Asa Yeoman of Company E died on the ISth, and to-day 
I attended the burial service of Sergeant Andrew F. Robey, of Com- 
pany I, a good man, and immediately after buried a man of the 97th 
Indiana, their chaplain being away on leave. Captain Brewer, of 
Company C, resigned, and his resignation was accepted on the 8th, 
This will make Sergeant Scott a lieutenant. I visited Chaplain 
Munn, of the 100th Indiana, a day or two ago, he having resigned 
on account of ill health. Assistant Surgeon L. D. Robinson has 
also resigned. I preached this forenoon to a good audience. We 
have been having a division meeting for some time, but I want to 
preach some to my own regiment. George Parker, another one of 
my 'Benton boys, ' is to be sent north, and I think he will go home 
to die. " 

On Sunday evening, August 30th, I wrote: 

"With the help of Quartermaster-Sergeant Severance and 
Sergeant Dunham, of Company E, we have organized an 'Army 
Church' during the past week, composed of the religious men of all 
churches in the regiment. I have been preaching every night when 
the weather would permit, I baptized two men in Black river on 
Tuesday. Have a good place there not far from camp. On Wednes- 
day I baptized two more, Sylvester King, Company C, and Shaw, of 
Company K. At the service to-night two more came forward, and I 
am to baptize them to-morrow. The religious element in the regi- 
ment is strong now and increasing. On the 4th of the month, while 
I was away, Nicholas Newman, of Company A, was drowned in 
Black river, and yesterday I attended the burial service of Wallace 
L. Defrance, of Company C, who was drowned while bathing in the 
same stream. I also attended burial service of Thomas B. Emery, 
of Company E, 97th Indiana, yesterday. 

"Last evening about 9 p. m. I heard a confusion and bustling 
in camp, and as I stepped out of my tent, who should I see but 



At Gamp Sherman. 71 

Colonel Fowler, and then came the regiment in the dark, marching 
up and surrounding us. The fifes and drums were wildly playing, 
three rousing cheers were given, and a general time of congratula- 
tions followed, for as one soldier expressed it, 'Father has come back. ' 
I did not think it possible for a man to have the power over the 
hearts of so many men as he has in this regiment. Any of them 
would die for him, I believe. I need not say that his return is to me 
as the coming of a brother." 

On Tuesday evening-, September 1st, I wrote: 

"Our meeting still goes on. I baptized two yesterday and one 
to-day. Regiment mustered for pay yesterday. Colonel Fowler is 
in command of the brigade. I see my old chums. Sergeant Irelan 
and Scott, of the 12th Indiana, nearly every day. We are all, 
officers and men, getting quite well acquainted with our companion 
regiments, and there is a great deal of visiting back and forth. I 
.like Colonel Catterson, of the 97th Indiana, very much. I have just 
learned that we are to move our camp about a half mile from where 
we are to-morrow, and that that will necessitate the close of my 
meeting." 

On Saturday, September 5th, I wrote: 

"Lieutenant-Colonel DeHart has gone home on leave and Major 
Berkey is in command of the regiment. Ephraim Loman, of Com- 
pany E, a good man, died on the 2nd. Yesterday our entire division 
was reviewed by General Sherman, and it was a grand sight to see 
the fifteen regiments and three batteries all in line. The weather 
in the middle of the day is very hot, but the mornings and evenings 
are comfortable. Major Berkey, Quartermaster Cathcart, Hospital 
Steward Whitman and about thirty others are going home on leave 
next week. ' ' 

On September 10th, I wrote: 

"While attending a burial service and talking in the sun I had 
a slight sunstroke and have been quite sick. The doctor says I 
must stay in my tent in the daytime and go out at night for a few 
days, as the sun gives me an intolerable headache when I go out. I 
have some fever with it, but think that is better. " 

On Thursday evening, September 17th, I wrote: 

"I am better than when I wrote last, but not able to do full work 
yet. 

"Yesterday our wagonmaster took two teams and five men out 
for some forage in the country, where they were captured by guer- 



72 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

rillas. Three men managed to escape, but the wagonmaster and 
two men were made prisoners and are now on their way to Dixie."* 

On Monday, September 21st, I wrote: 

"Our furloughed men and officers are beginning to return and 
they are telling of good visits at home. I preached yesterday to a 
good audience from Psalm 84, 10th and 11th verses, on 'A Doorkeeper 
in the House of the Lord. ' " 

On Wednesday, September 23d, I wrote: 

"It seems we can't all be well at once, for I no sooner got well 
than Colonel Fowler gets sick. Has been in bed most of the time for 
two days with a fever. The health of the regiment is good, but we 
have lost some good men, Francis M. Brummett, of Company I, 
dying on the ISth, Adam Mock, of Company A, on the 11th, John 
Lorey, of Company A, on the 21st, and Joseph L. Laforce, of Company 
E, on the 17th. It seems so easy for men to die here. I am at the 
hospital every day, and the surgeons and nurses do all they can, as 
I know, but it seems of no avail. " 

On Friday, September 25th, I wrote: 

"The colonel is much better to-day, and it is reported we are to 
march soon, and if that is the case he says he will be all right 
again." 



*As an illustration of what war means take these three men and their fate. 
Wagonmaster H. H. Haskins died in Andersonville prison October 20, 1864, bear- 
ing the privations of that horrible place more than a year before he suc- 
cumbed. He was a bachelor and over fort}- j'ears of age Justice Barthol- 
omew, of Company A, captured with him, died in the same prison August 22, 
1864, while Jacob A. Treisey, of Company H, was sent to Richmond, Va., where 
he died April 7, 1864. Notpne escaped a prison death. 



CHAPTER IX. 

FROM CAMP SHERMAN TO CHATTANOOGA. 

On Wednesday morning, September I'^tb, from Vicks- 
burg, I wrote: 

"We are going to join General Rosecrans at Chattanooga. "We 
were busy all day Saturday getting our sick ready to be taken to 
the depot to bring them by railroad to this place, and that evening 
Colonel Fowler ordered Dr. Butterworth and myself to go with them. 
At 3 a. m. yesterday morning, while it was cool, we started from 
camp with about fifty convalescent men and came six miles to the 
railroad, reaching there at sunrise. Left there on train at 8 a. m. 
and reached here at 11 a. m. We got eight of the sickest men on the 
hospital boat, but the rest are here with us, camped by the depot, 
which is a rough stone and brick building, and damaged by shot 
and shell during the seige. The river is full of boats and regiments 
are going on board to go up the river. From where I sit this morn- 
ing I can see all the 'pride and pomp and circumstance of glorious 
war. ' "Wagons innumerable throng every highway, officers galloping 
here and there dressed in gay and fancy uniforms; generals with their 
staffs, and the usual amount of half cavalry, half mounted infantry, 
called the 'body guard,' following in their train, all riding at a 
break neck speed, as if the salvation of the country depended on 
their getting there in time. Ever and anon the shrill fifes and 
rattling drums peal forth their notes until it makes one almost wish 
they were born deaf. Everybody is in a hurry, a great deal of 
which is useless. Our division will be here to-morrow, and it looks 
as if we would have to wait for boats." 

On Sunday morning, October 4th, I wrote: 

"We are on board the steamer Glasgow going up the Mississippi. 
Our regiment reached Vicksburg on "\^^ednesday, the 30th of Septem- 
ber, and we had to wait there until yesterday before our transport 
came. O, but it was a tedious wait, but everybody was in a good 
humor at the prospect of going north and the hourly expectation that 
the boat would come. Colonel Fowler has been quite sick all the 
week, but is a little better now. Sergeant-Major McGlashon has 
been promoted to adjutant, and Orderly Harry Brewer appointed 
sergeant-major, and "Will Martin, of Company C, made colonel's 
orderly. "We have a good, large, fast boat, but the orders are to 



74 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana, Infantry. 

keep all the boats together, and some of them are as slow as tar. 
We have quite a good many citizen passengers, so the cabin is full. 
I cannot preach to-day, but I got a fine lot of magazines and papers 
from the United States Christian Commission at Vicksburg which I 
have just distributed and everj'body is reading. 

"Wednesday, October 7th. We are still on the boat and have 
just left Helena. Nathaniel Matthews, of Company F, fell overboard 
at 7 p. m. last night and was drowned, at least our boats sent out 
failed to find him. It is a beautiful sight to go on the upper deck 
and see all the boats running along together and the boys never tire 
of it." 

From Memphis, Tennessee, Friday, October 9th, I 
wrote : 

"We arrived here yesterday afternoon, just five days from our 
going on board at Vicksburg. Camped on the wharf last nignt and 
this morning we came out two miles east of the city to a beautiful 
grove where we are now camped. It is now definite that we are 
to go to Chattanooga. Major Berkey and the other officers and men 
on furlough joined us here. Quartermaster Cathcart, Hospital 
Steward Whitman, Lieutenant Downs, of Company E, and how 
many others I don't know, were married while they were at home. 
Love and war go together, and no one can blame them. How the 
lights and shadows mingle in a soldier's life! Your letter telling 
me of the death of Holton and so many of my old chums at Chicka- 
mauga is an awful shadow. I suppose from what I hear that the 
mail to-day brought to more than fifty of our men accounts of the 
death of relatives or friends in that terrible battle." 

On Sunday evening, October 11th, I wrote: 

"Our regiment left this morning at 7 a. m. to march to Corinth. 
Colonel Fowler was unable to make the march and I remained with 
him and a lot of convalescent men and will go by rail some day this 
week. Quartermaster Cathcart and Sergeant-Major Brewer are 
here with us. " 

From luka, Mississippi, Saturday, October 17th, I 
wrote: 

"Our company left Memphis on the railroad on Thursday 
morning and reached Corinth at 8 p. m., and yesterday at noon we 
came to this place, arriving about 7 p. m. We are one hundred and 
eighteen miles east of Memphis and twenty-five east of Corinth. It 
is a famous watering place, with springs giving forth five different 
kinds of water, and is called the 'Saratoga of the South. ' The 
large hotels are now in use as army storehouses and headquarters 
for officers. I forgot to tell you that General Smith has been 



From Gamp Sherman to Chattanooga. 75 

relieved and General Hugh Ewing appointed to command our divi- 
sion, now on the way here from Memphis." 

Sunday evening-, October 18th, I wrote: 

"I preached this morning at a union service in a church near 
our camp. Had a good audience. Chaplain Eckles, of the 4th Iowa, 
preached in the afternoon, and Chaplain Griffith, of the S3rd Ohio, 
at night." 

Tuesday evening, October 20th, I wrote: 

"The regiment came to-day and we are altogether once more. 
Got a large mail and all heard from home. The people at home 
have no idea of the circumstances surrounding men in the army or 
the privations soldiers are called upon to endure. They do not com- 
plain, but it is pretty hard to get up in the morning, sit down by 
a smoky fire, eat hard-tack for breakfast, march all day, eat fat 
pork for supper, and lie down on the hard ground and go to 
sleep wrapped in a single blanket, with no covering but the sky 
above. ' ' 

From Florence, Alabama, Friday, October 30th, I 
wrote : 

"Tuesday, the 27th, we started from luka and marched eight 
miles to Eastport, on the Tennessee river. Here we spent all the 
afternoon and night, getting across the river on gunboats. The 
troops having got over a little after dark, we marched on three miles 
to Waterloo, Alabama, and bivouaced for the night and not a wagon 
came up. Having no blankets, our field and staff had to sit up all 
night by the fire with no supper. It was so cold that if we went to 
sleep we would freeze and so we had a hard night. Another such 
a night would finish some of us and I am sure it would me. It was 
the worst I have seen in the service. The night at length passed 
away, and about daylight the wagons came up and we had a very 
good breakfast, put up some tents and took a nap. Waked up at 10 
a. m , had an early dinner and at 12 m., started on the march, 10 
miles to Gravel Springs, reaching there about dark. Had a good 
supper and slept well. Yesterday, October 29th, we started early 
and passing through Cypress Mills, camped at Florence, the dis- 
tance being 16 miles. At Cypress Mills we saw a large number of 
women, who had worked in the factories there before their destruc- 
tion the year before by our army. We arrived here in time to pitch 
our tents and get settled before night. Yesterday there was a fight 
going on all day south of the river, as we could hear the cannon all 
the time. A lot of rebel prisoners were brought in to-day. I just 
saw one squad consisting of a major, five lieutenants and six privates. 



76 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

The people here are suffering- from the effects of the war, and do not 
have much to eat. We shall stay here a day or two, I think." 

On Thursday afternoon, November 5th, I wrote: 

"We are now on Elk river, between Pulaski and Fayetteville, 
Tennessee. On Monday, the 2d, we left Florence at 8 a. m., 
marched fourteen miles and went into camp early at Center Star. 
Crossed Shoal river at noon; weather fine. 

"Tuesday, November 3d. Started 7 a. m., crossed Blue river at 8 
a. m., passed Rogersville at 2 p. m. , camped on bank of Eel river at 
7 p. m., distance 15 miles. Clear and warm. 

"Wednesday, November 4th. Started at 6:30 a. m. up Eel river 
which we crossed at 10 a. m. Passed Gilbertsboro at 2 p. m. and 
Bethel at 3:30 p m. Camped at Prospect at sundown, distance 
twenty-three miles. Clear and warm. 

"To-day has been one difficult to describe. We started early 
this morning but about 8 o'clock it commenced raining and kept pour- 
ing down until we reached Elk river here at noon. There is no 
bridge here, but our brigade is across and are building a bridge. 
The river was quite deep, but the boys plunged in and were soon 
across, saying it didn't make much difference as they were all wet 
from the rain. We have now at 3 p. m., got our tents up and blaz- 
ing fires in front of them, and the brigade is 'drying up.' I would 
give a good deal for a picture of the 99th as they are now, as an 
Irish soldier said to me just now, 'Begorra, Chaplain, they look 
like muskrats, an' drowned ones at that.' " 

On Wednesday evening, November 11th, I wrote: 

"Friday, November 6th, waited in camp at Elk river for the 
roads to dry off some, but started at noon and marched eight miles, 
camping at sundown. Weather clear but j-oads very bad Our 
headquarters wagon was overturned but no damage done. 

"Saturday, November 7th. Started at sunrise, camped at 4 
■p. m. ; distance, thirteen miles, roads still bad but weather clear. 

"Sunday, November 8th, started at 7 a. m., passed Fayetteville 
at 10 a. m., and camped two miles east of town at noon, where we 
remained over Monday. Monday became what it is at home, 'wash 
■day,' and as the division was camped close together a great many 
visits were made. I visited the 100th Indiana and took dinner with 
-Captain Bowman of the 12th Indiana." 

"Tuesday, November 10, started at sunrise, marched twenty 
miles and camped at Salem." 

"Today we started . at daylight and marching twelve miles 
reached this place at noon, where we are now camped, and I finish 
this letter as we are to send out mail at 3 p. m. Reaching a rail- 
road once more we come in contact with the outside world. We feel 



From Camp Sherman to Chattanooga. 77 

that we are nearing- Chattanooga, which we know must be our ob- 
jective point. Lieutenant Wm. Mackey, of Company C, has been 
dismissed from the service for a matter at luka about some sutler 
goods and as I know the facts I think it entirely unjust; he will go 
home from here." 

Prom Bridg-eport, Alabama, Monday a. m., Novem- 
ber 16th, I wrote: 

"We left Dechard on Tuesday at 9 a. m. and reached the foot of 
the Cumberland mountains at noon. We commenced the ascent at 

1 p. m., and bivouaced at 9 p. m. near the summit, and succeeded by 

2 p. m. on Friday in getting into the valley between the mountains. 
We passed Anderson on Saturday and Stevenson yesterday, reach- 
ing this place at 3:30 p. m., and here we are now, where all is hurry 
and preparation, for we are stripping for the fight which must 
come." 

From this point, on the 17th, the regiment moved out 
on the right of Lookout mountain with the division going' 
as far as Trenton, Georgia, where a skirmish occurred with 
some cavalry. On the 20th, Colonel Cockerill, com- 
manding the brigade, received the following order from 
General Hugh Ewing, commanding the division: 

"Move your command at 8 o'clock this morning via Wauhatchie 
to Brown's Ferry, where you will camp to-night, reporting your 
arrival to General Sherman." 

The reader will remember that at this time our regi- 
ment was in the Third brigade of the Fourth division of 
the Fifteenth corps. General Hugh Ewing commanding 
division. 

On Monday, November 23rd, from near Chattanooga^ 
I wrote: 

"Your letter announcing the death of our dear boy on the 10th 
instant came this morning. The blow has fallen heavily upon us, 
and I can only pray God to comfort and bless you. I cannot write 
you as I would, for we are in the midst of preparation. We crossed 
the Tennessee river two miles below Chattanooga yesterday and are 
now in the Sequatchie valley two miles above, stripped and ready,, 
and waiting every minute for orders to move." 



CHAPTER X. 

BATTLE OF MISSION RIDGE. 

The official reports as found in volume 31, page 639 of 
the "War Records," give the best account of the battle 
of Mission Ridge. 

Colonel Cockerill, Brigade Commander, under date of 
November 27, reports: 

"On the morning of the 24th instant we left our camp on the north 
side of the Tennessee river and crossed over in boats to the south 
side and advanced at once to Missionary Ridg-e preceded by the 
second brigade of this division; taking possession of the ridge in the 
evening, the enemy shelled us sharply, vphere we proceeded to 
entrench, and by morning of the 25th had a good line of works con- 
structed, extending from the base to the top of the ridge facing south. 

"On the 25th we were ordered to remain in our works and sup- 
port a battery holding firmly our position if attacked; during the 
night we remained in our works and at daylight on the 26th, 
started in pursuit of the retreating enemy. Both the officers and 
men performed their duties to my satisfaction. Our casualties were 
three wounded." 

All these casualties were in our regiment. Fifty men 
were thrown forward on the skirmish line in front under 
command of Lieutenant Ira B. Myers, of Company I, and 
they were for a time in the thick of the tight. Sergeant 
William Williams, of Company H, was so seriously 
wounded that he died December 7 about two weeks after 
the battle; Christian Ortle (sometimes written Whortle), 
was wounded and died December 15th after the battle; 
Sylvester King, of Company C, now living at Clarion, 
Iowa, was wounded but recovered. 

Of this battle General Ewing in his report says: 

"On the 24th we crossed the Tennessee in boats at the mouth of 
the Chickamauga, and, after entrenching moved by the flank left in 
front on the right of the corps in echelons by division and took 
possession of Mission Ridge, adjoining Tunnel Hill, the right of 



Battle of Mission Ridge. 79 

Bragg 's position, the brigade of Corse held the summit, that of 
Cockerill the slope and that of Buschbeck, Howard's Corps, attached 
to my command, continued Cockerill's line into the valley, with 
Loomis' first brigade in reserve. Of Callender's battery (Battery 
D, 1st Missouri, Light Artillery, Lieutenant Byron M. Callender, 
commanding), the 24-pound howitzer, two Rodman and a smooth six 
were dragged by hand to the summit and went into action, and two 
smooth sixes placed on the slope; the remaining batteries were in 
position over the river covering the passage; during the evening and 
night the troops, aided by the pioneer corps entrenched their front. 

'On the 25th Corse led his brigade down the gorge and up 
Tunnel Hill assaulting and carrying it with great gallantry. We 
drove the enemy from his entire entrenchments and reduced the 
larger part to possession. For the extreme southern point heavily 
massing behind it he contended until nightfall, when he abandoned 
the position. We transferred a portion of our artillery to the summit 
after dark. 

"In the assault, when at the head of his men. General Corse 
was wounded and carried from the field, his place being ably filled 
by Colonel Walcutt, of the 46th Ohio. 

"Loomis moved his brigade in line of battle across the open 
fields under a trying artillery and infantry fire, drove the enemy up 
the tunnel road and hill south and took and maintained the position 
assigned him, threatening and opening the way to the tunnel from 
the flank and rear. The steadiness with which this movement was 
made and the tenacity with which the position was held, is deserv- 
ing of high commendation, the attempts of the enemy to dislodge us 
being signallj' repulsed. He was ably supported by Buschbeck, a 
portion of whose troops, under Colonel Taft (73a Pennsylvania), 
drove the enemy from the Glass houses and followed them to the sum- 
mit of Tunnel Hill, where they maintained a gallant and prolonged 
combat with the loss of their gallant commander. The brigades of 
Matthias and Raum, John E. Smith's division, re-enforced Loomis 
and Buschbeck and participated in the action with gallantry, Cock- 
erill in reserve, occupying the entrenchments and supporting the 
batteries. Four Rodman guns, of Davis' division, re-enforced us on the 
slope with fine effect. The enemy retreated in the night and at day- 
break of the 26th, at the head of the corps, we crossed the Chicka- 
mauga in pursuit, sending our prisoners to the rear without account. 
Our loss was 71 killed, 546 wounded, 20 missing, total 637." 

"Among the killed was the brave Colonel Timothy O'Mara of 
the 90th Illinois." 

In the interview with Colonel Fowler published else- 
where, will be found an interesting- statement concern- 
ing this battle. 



80 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Some of the biographers of General George H. 
Thomas, to give him credit for the success at Missionary 
Ridge, are disposed to underrate the work of the Fif- 
teenth corps in that battle. It is only necessary for me 
to say that the official reports show that without Sher- 
man and the Fifteenth corps the Ridg-e would never 
have been carried. C. A. Dana, the assistant secretary 
of war, was with Grant and Thomas on Orchard Knob, 
and sent a report to Secretary Stanton at 8 p. m. that 
day, saying: 

"The rebels having- sent the great mass of their troops to crush 
Sherman, Grant gave orders at 2 p. m. for an assault upon their 
lines in front of Thomas, but owing to the fault of Granger, Grant's 
order was not transmitted to the division commanders until he 
repeated it an hour later. Accordingly it was not executed until 
after 4 p. m., when the nearness of night rendered it impracticable 
to follow up and complete the victory." — Vol. 31, page 68, of ''War 
Records." 

Now this expresses the exact facts in the case. To 
those of us who from Sherman Heights watched the line 
of bayonets coming from Bragg's center to his right to 
resist the attack of Sherman all the forenoon, wonder- 
ing what Thomas could be doing, when if he had moved 
at 2 p. m. he would have gone up the Ridge just the 
same, for the center had been left with a very thin line, 
as we knew. So painful was the fact that Bragg's force 
was concentrated against Sherman that that officer at 
12:45 p. m. asked General Grant "Where is Thomas?" 
(See page 4-1, Vol. 31, "War Records)." The real fact is 
that the Fifteenth corps and the troops under Sherman 
fought the real battle of Mission Ridge, and deserve 
credit for the victory. As Grant said in a note to Sher- 
man the evening of the battle, "You can feel a just pride 
in the part taken by the forces under your command in 
taking, first, so much of the range of hills and then in 
attracting so many of the enemy as to make Thomas' 
part certain of success." 

Now, the charge on Mission Ridge was a grand one, 
but it does not make it greater to fail in acknowledging 
that the attack by Sherman made it possible. 



Battle of Mission Ridge. 



81 




RUSSELL VINNEDGE, COMPANY L 



1875. 



Born April 14, 1837, near Richmond, Indiana. Enlisted in Mi- 
ami county, and served three years faithfully in the 99th Indiana. 
Returned to Miami county and resided there until his death, Jan- 
uary 3, 1878. He was married to Miss Emily Powell, and in a let- 
ter written March 1, 1900, she says: "As you say, he was a good 
soldier and I know and can say of a truth, he was a good husband 
and kind father, and his memory is ever dear to me, although he 
has been dead now over twenty-two years. He left me with six chil- 
dren, two sons and four daughters, and all are now married and 
doing fairly well." It will do any member of the old regiment good 
to read this tribute to the memory of our departed comrade by the 
one who knew him best. Her address is Converse, Indiana. 



CHAPTER XI. 

RELIEF OF KNOXVILLE. 

The battle of Mission Ridge closed on the night of 
November 25th, with Bragg in full retreat, and at day- 
light on the 26th our division started in pursuit with 
the rest of the army. On the 27th, the advance had a 
hard fight at Ringgold Pass. Our division went to 
Grayville where on the 28th, we destroyed the factories, 
railroad and whatever would be of use to the enemy. 
Company D was sent back to Chattanooga with a lot of 
prisoners we had captured, and we supposed we would 
follow them and take a rest after our long tramp from 
Memphis, while the Army of the Cumberland was going 
to the relief of Burnside, at Knoxville. But, alas, it was 
in this case as it always has been, "the willing horse pulls 
the load." Greneral Grant in his report, explains it 
thus: 

"Thomas was directed to get Granger with his corps, 
and detachments enough from other commands, including 
the available force at Kingston, to make 20,000 men, in 
readiness to go to the relief of Knoxville upon the termin- 
ation of the battle of Chattanooga. * * Returning from 
the fronton the 28th, I found that Granger had not yet 
got off, nor would he have the number of men I had di- 
rected. Besides he moved with reluctance and com- 
plaints. I therefore determined, notwithstanding the 
fact that two divisions of Sherman's forces had marched 
from Memphis and had gone into battle immediately on 
their arrival at Chattanooga, to send him with his com- 
mand, and orders in accordance therewith, were sent to 
him at Calhoun to assume command of the troops with 
Granger and proceed with all possible dispatch to the 
relief of Burnside."*— War Records, Serial 55, page 35. 

*In his order to Sherman, November 29, 1863, (Jrant says: 'Granger is on 
the way to Burnside's relief, but I have lost all faith in his energy and capacity 
to manage an expedition of the importance of this one. I am inclined to think, 
therefore, I shaU have to send you." 



Relief of Knoxville. 83 

Thus it was that the corps that had marched 361 
miles from Memphis to Chattanooga, had to start on 
another tramp of the same leng-th that was not to end 
until midwinter. 

The diary I sent home in my letters of that march, is 
as follows: 

"Sunday, November 29th. Started northeast-toward 
Knoxville at 7 a. m., and camped at Cleaveland-at sun- 
down, distance twenty-five miles. We were told that 
relief must reach Knoxville by December 3d, and we 
must hurry, and if we have not hurried to-day no army 
ever did. 

"Monday, November 30th. Moved to Charleston, 
eleven miles. 

Tuesday, December 1st. Drawing rations a. m., we 
started at 1 p. m., passing through Calhoun and Rice- 
ville and camped at Athens at 9 p. m., distance eighteen 
miles. 

Wednesday, December 2d. Started early, passing 
Midway and Sweetwater and camped at Philadelphia, 
distance twenty miles. 

Thursday, December 3d. Marched to Morgantown, 
on the Tennessee river, and spent the night and until 11 
a. m. of the 4th in making a bridge, and on the 5th went 
fifteen miles to Marysville, where we learned that the 
siege had been abandoned. On the 7th we marched back 
to Morgantown, and on the 8th marched ten miles south- 
east to Tillco creek, on the 9th went twelve miles to 
Madisonville, and on the 10th marched back to the old 
line of march and camped at Athens. There we stayed 
three days on short rations, and a more ragged, shoe- 
less, blanketless, footsore army could not be found. 
Colonel J. R. Cockerill, in his report made on the 6th, 
says: 

"Since leaving Bridgeport the officers and men of this command 
have been without tents, knapsacks, and many without blankets. 
They have subsisted on less than one-half rations. The shoes of 
most of the men are nearly worn out, many being entirely so; cloth- 
ing in bad condition. Under all these adverse circumstances I am 



84 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

proud to say that these brave men have moved forward, discharging 
every duty incumbent upon them without a murmur. I know they 
deserve the thanks of the country for their untiring devotion to its 
interests." 

On December 14th we marched fifteen miles to Cal- 
houn; on the 15th, twenty-four miles to Cleaveland; on 
the 16th, twenty-five miles and camped after dark in a 
cemetery. It rained all night, and it was a choice of sit- 
ting up by the fire, or lying down in the water. Most of 
us sat up. On the 17th we marched to Chattanooga, 
crossing the pontoon at the mouth of Chickamauga 
creek, and went into camp at the foot of Mission Ridge. 
Since we left there on November 26, we had marched 253 
miles, and many were barfoot and some were sick. They 
were sent in pontoon boats down the river to Bridge- 
port, where our transportation was left. 

On December 18th, we marched around the base of 
Lookout mountain and camped in Lookout valley; a 
very cold night, and no shelter. On the 19th, we 
marched twenty-five miles to Bridgeport, where we 
found our transportation, tents and Company D once 
more, just thirty-one days from the day we left our bag- 
gage behind. Here we spent four days in drawing 
rations, clothing, etc., and were paid by Major Griffin. 

On December 24, we marched to Stevenson, where we 
spent a very quiet Christmas, and on the 26th we 
marched to Scottsboro, where we went into winter quar- 
ters for quite a long rest. Our wagons were slow in 
coming up, so the cold New Year's day was upon us 
before we were fully settled. The experiences of the 
past taught us the lesson of preparing better quar- 
ters for winter, and so when settled all were comfort- 
able. 

The conditions of the country were much improved 
and gave better heart to the soldiers of future success. 
The 1st of January, 1863, we were at Holly Springs on a 
backward movement, and all seemed dark and gloomy. 
During the year Vicksburg had been captured, the Mis- 
sissippi opened and Tennessee freed from the control of 



Relief of Knoxville. 



85 




AUGUSTUS E. MAXSON, COMPANY F. 

1900. 



Born in "White countj', Indiana, August 26, 1843. Enlisted Au- 
gust 22, 1862. He served with the regiment in all their campaigns ex- 
cept the march from Memphis to Chattanooga, Tennessee, when he 
was left sick in the hospital at Memphis; joined a regiment at 
Scottsboro, Alabama. After the close of the war he attended school 
at Battle Ground, and taught school in Carroll and Tippecanoe 
counties until the spring of 1872, when he went to McPherson 
county, Kansas, and engaged in farming. In 1874 he married Miss 
French. To that union were born two daughters and a son. In 1887 
he removed to the Northwestern Pacific Coast, where he still resides. 
The daughters are married, one living in Washington and the 
other in Alaska. The son, Alvin J. Maxson, is a member of Com- 
pany H, 20th United States Infantry. He is now stationed at Ma- 
nilla in the Phillipines. Comrade Maxson has been an active, use- 
ful man as he was a good soldier. His present address is Snohom- 
ish, Washington. 



86 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

the enemy in the west, and the victory at Gettysburg 
in the east broug-ht us to the 1st of January, 1864, with 
an aspect that betokened the ultimate success of the 
Union army. 



CHAPTER XII. 

THE WINTER AT SCOTTSBORO. 

As this was the author's last winter with the regi- 
ment, he is glad to recall the fact that those remaining 
in the ranks were seasoned so that not many were sick. 
During the winter, however, the following died: 

Company C, George W, Bush, George W. Parker (at home). 
Company E, Andrew Murphy and Daniel C. Sawyers. 
Company I, John Gonser. 

The following were discharged as unfit for further 
service: 

Company A, Ephraim Goff. 
Company B, Jacob H. Davis. 
Company F, Louis House. 

By this time it was developed that we had a number 
of men in the regiment who could not stand the march- 
ing and we had much of it to do. They were all right 
and willing for service aside from this, and so, during 
the fall and winter they were transferred to the Veteran 
Reserve Corps where they rendered efficient service as 
guards of posts until the war closed. In fact, most of 
them were not discharged until the last of July, 1865, 
after the war closed. The following is the list: 

Company A, Hiram Barton, Wm. Livingston, Edward A. Saw- 
yer. 

Company B, Nimrod M. Davis, Clark W. Wright. 

Company C, Charles 'M. Edmonds, George W. Alyea, Luman 
Griswold, Hiram W. Stephens. 



The Winter at Scottsboro. 87 

Company D, John S. Parr, Robert Arnold, Ezra Roe, William 
Shaffer. 

Companj' E, James E. Longwell. 

Company F, John W. Kennedy, David Piatt, George B. Smith. 

Company G, Isaac O. Beckwith, Elkanah Brown. 

Company H, Matthew English, John Robbins (to marine corps), 
George Slifer. 

Company I, Luther Branham, George Hoyle, Francis M Roby. 

While here, General John A. Logan was assig-ned to 
command the corps and General William Harrow to 
command the division. Colonel Cockerill of 70th Ohio, 
commanding- the brigade, resigned and went home, carry- 
ing the good wishes of the brigade. The regiments were 
changed so that a new brigade was formed of the 99th 
Indiana, 70th Ohio, 48th and 90th Illinois, and 15th Mich- 
igan, Colonel Oliver, of the latter, commanding brigade. 

Major John M. Berkey was promoted to lieutenaat- 
colonel and Captain J. B. Homan to brevet-major. Many 
of the officers' wives visited them at Scottsboro and liv- 
ened up the camp by their presence. Captain Burnbam, 
Company A, resigned and was succeeded by Captain R. 
H. Wells: Captain Tague of B, resigned and was suc- 
ceeded by Captain Robert P. Andis; a vacancy occur- 
ring of all the officers of Company C, Sergeant Charles 
M. Scott was appointed captain. 

From February loth to March 5th, the regiment 
joined with the forces that made a reconnoissance to- 
ward Dalton, Georgia, to discover the location of the 
forces of the enemy. Several days of skirmishing with 
the enemy developed the fact that a strong confederate 
force was gathered about Dalton and vicinity. During 
this short campaign, the regiment marched about 250 
miles and sustained its reputation for long trampers. 
Captain. Josiah Farrar was in command of the regiment, 
Colonel Fowler remaining in camp, and gained some ex- 
perience which was of value to him when he afterward 
came to the command of the regiment. 

While on .this march, Captain Gwin, Quartermaster 
Sergeant Severance, Sergeants David Burnham, Com- 
pany A, Henry Miller, B, F. W. Drawans, C, John 



88 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Harvey, D, George Smith, E, Johnson Smith, G, David 
T. Everetts, H, A. A. Ream, I, and H. O. Morrill, K, 
were sent to Indiana on recruiting' service, and secured 
quite a number of recruits. 



CHAPTER XIII 

THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. 

On the 1st day of May, 1864, the regiment started on 
the Atlanta campaign, the objective point being General 
Joseph E. Johnston's confederate army that had been 
gathering in the mountains of Georgia south of Chatta- 
nooga during the winter. The regiment at this time 
was still commanded by Colonel Fowler, with Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Berkey and Major Homan, the latter two 
having been promoted from major and captain respec- 
tively. It was a part of the Third brigade of the Fourth 
division of the Fifteenth army corps, of the Army of the 
Tennessee. The division was commanded by Brigadier- 
General William Harrow, the corps by Major-General 
John A. Logan, and the Army of the Tennessee by 
Major-General James B. McPherson, all under Major- 
General W. T. Sherman, commanding the "Military 
Division of the Mississippi." 

May 1st. Left Scottsboro and marched eight miles 
toward Stevenson. 

May 2nd. Marched eight miles. 

May 3rd. Marched fourteen miles through Stevenson 
and Bridgeport and crossed the Tennessee river. 

May 4th. Marched twelve miles passing Shell 
Mound, roads dusty, weather warm and scent of dead 
mules almost unbearable. 

May 5th. Marched eighteen miles passing Lookout 
Mountain and camping at Rossville. Not a man 
straggled. 



The Atlanta Campaign. 




JOSEPH ALBERT, COMPANY A. 

1900. 



Was born in Baiern, Germany, March 19, 1836. Came to Amer- 
ica with his parents in 1847, going direct to Chicago where thej' 
lived six years, when they moved to Lake county, Indiana. Three 
years later he went to Merrillville, Indiana, and spent seven years 
working for Adam Kaiser and learning the trade of a shoemaker. 
He then went to Hobart, Indiana, where he worked until he enlisted 
in Company A, 99th Indiana. Served faithfully until mustered out. 
He then went to Chicago where he worked at his trade four years, 
then to Logansport for two years, when he married and settled at 
Burrows, Indiana, where he still resides, halving a wife, two sons 
and a daughter living. Though born on a foreign soil he is a thor- 
ough-going American. When the roll of the regiment was called, A 
being the first company and his name at the head of Company A, 
was the first one called. May he live long to enjoy his life in the 
land he helped to save. Address, Burrows, Indiana. 



90 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

May 6th. Marched ten miles on the Dry Valley road 
and camped near Crawfish Springs. 

The report of Lieutenant-Colonel John M. Berkey 
made on the 6th of August, 1864, of this campaign, gives 
the marches each day, and I follow that, putting in such 
matters of detail as I am able to do from other sources. 
In order to make the distinction clear I put his report in 
the larger type and the comment in the smaller, so the 
reader will understand what is his and what is mine. 

May 7th. Moved at 8:30 a. m.; halted in the right of 
the road and camped. At '2 a. m. of the 8th a detail of 
thirty-three men and one commissioned officer was 
ordered to report to division quartermaster to go to 
Chattanooga as train guard and have remained with the 
division commissary eversince. Marched at 11:45 a. m. ; 
crossed Taylor's Ridge at Mattock's or Ship's gap, camped 
at 6 p. m. near Villanow, having marched nine miles. 

May 9th. Marched at 5 a. m. going eight miles and 
camped in line of battle on the extreme left of the brigade 
at 2 p. m. 

May 10. h. Remained in statu quo. 

May 11th. Moved one mile forward; halted in column 
of regiments in rear of 70th Ohio, or on the left of brigade. 

May lilth. Moved a mile, deployed one company as 
skirmishers; at night errected log breastworks. 

May 13th. Marched four miles, halted in line about 
three hours, moved forward under fire of the enemy's 
guns, in line of battle; then in columns of divisions. 

May 14th. One man accidentally wounded; at 10 p. m. 
were ordered and reported to General Osterhaus. 

May 15th. At daybreak were called to attention and 
ordered to support a battery of General Osterhaus'; two 
men wounded; under fire all day, 

The wounded men were Sergeant David T. Burnham, Company 
A, and Francis Trainer, Company F. The one accidentally wounded 
was Geo. A. Stewart, Company- F. 

May 16th. Resacca evacuated by the enemy: moved 
at 10 a. m. ; halted for the Fourteenth corps to pass, 
marched six miles, crossed at Calhoun ferry (Coosawattie 



The Atlanta Campaign. 91 

river) and camped for the night in the left center 
of the brigade." 

The first battle of the campaign was thus a victory for Sher- 
man, Johnston being- unable to hold the ground he had selected' 
his first stand had been at Dalton. Resacca stands in the elbow at 
the junction of the Connasauga and Oostanaula, on the north bank 
of the latter river, and on Johnston's line of- communication, and 
while Thomas was confronting Johnston at Dalton, Sherman passed 
McPherson's two corps, via Villanow, through Snake Creek Gap, 
and threatened Resacca. It is now believed if McPherson had at 
once boldly attacked the fortifications at Resacca, he would have 
placed himself in the rear of Johnston's army, but the fortifications 
were very strong and defended by two brigades, so he hesitated to 
make the sacrifice. In the meantime Johnston fell back from Dal- 
ton, but soon saw he could not hold Resacca, and soon fell back to the 
Etowah river. Sherman's plan of campaign was a very simple one. 
The three corps of Thomas were to continually press the enemy from 
the front, while McPherson and Scofield were to alternately on right 
and on left threaten his flank and rear, and all were to fight when 
they had an open field. 

May 17th. Marched at 7:30 a. m about ten miles, 
formed in line of battle across the valley; moved for- 
ward two miles; camped in defense of a gap; rained hard 
during the day 

May 18th. Marched at 7:30 a. m. five miles through 
Adairsville, then took road to right of railroad: marched 
about six miles farther and camped on Barnsley's farm 
for the night. 

May 19th. Marched at 10 a. m. six miles, camped 
within one mile of Kingston, in column of regiments in 
open field. Remained in statu quo until May 23rd, when 
at 7:30 a. m., we started on the Rome road, crossed 
Etowah river, marched about fifteen miles, camped on 
bank of a small creek. 

May 24th. Marched at 7:30 a. m., passed through 
VanWert, formerly county seat of Polk county, distance 
seven miles. Camped at 2 p. m. 

May 25th. Marched at 10 a.m. seven miles, bivouaced, 
and ere we supped were ordered to fall in, and then 
marched about half a mile, formed line and camped 
again for the night. 



92 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

May 26th. Marched at 7 a. m. about three miles, 
halted in front of the enemy near Dallas. 

May 27th. Took iDosition ordered and commenced 
building- breastworks; Companies I, E and G, were 
put on skirmish line, one man wounded; two prisoners 
taken. 

Wounded man was Francis C. McGraw, Company I. 

May 28th. Two companies, A and B on skirmish line. 
At 4 p. m., enemy charged driving skirmishers in, when 
orders were received to fire from line, which, being com- 
plied with resulted in routing the enemy, he sustaining 
the loss of nine dead in our front and eleven prisoners. 
Our loss, killed, wounded and missing, was thirty-six. 

The killed and wounded were as follows: 

Killed, Benjamin F. Kelly, Elisha Morford, of Company B. 

Wounded, Sergeant George W. Merrill, Corporal JohnB. Engle, 
David Furgeson, Charles Niksch, Jesse E. Traut, of Company A, 

Corporal Joseph B. Morford, George H. Alley, Charles G. Ham- 
ilton, Oliver Reeves, William W. Reeves, Sergeant George W. 
Watts, Samuel D. Alley (died of wounds September 3, 1864); Wil- 
liam Shipman (died of wounds May 30, 1864); Robert H. Vernon 
(died March 9, 1865, at Laurel Hill, North Carolina); John A Mor- 
ford (discharged October 27, 1864, on account of wounds) ; Harvey 
True (discharged December 7, 1864, for wounds); Jonathan Bald- 
win, Joseph Bowman, Riley A. Reeves, Charles W. Scott, Vinton 
Whitehurst, James W. Warrington (died of wounds June 12, 1864), 
all of Company B. 

Allen Catt, Elmore J. Shideler, Jonathan Dillman, of Com- 
pany E. 

Corporal Rodney Jeger, of Company G. 

Jesse W. Wynn, of Company H. 

William R. Shaw, of Company B, was captured and died Au- 
gust 5, 1864, in Andersonville prison. 

The cause for the greater losses in Companies A and B is, they 
were on the skirmish line and remained there holding the line 
against the enemy's charge until they were flanked and had to cut 
their way out. 

Of this fight Colonel Oliver, the brigade commander, says: 

"On the 28th (at 4 p. m.) the enemy charged our line and were 
handsomely repulsed. The behavior of the officers and men of the 
command was excellent. Our line was steadily held, no confusion of 
.any kind took place. The fight was severe, the aggregate loss of the 



The Atlanta Campaign. 



93 




HENRY F. KURTZ, COMPANY G. 

1900. 



Born in Nelson county, Kentucky, February 10, 1828. Came 
with his parents to Indiana in autumn of same year. His father 
entered 140 acres of land near New Maysville, Putnam county, In- 
diana, where he lived until his death in 1874, his wife dying in 1876. 
Henry was married October 9, 1851, to Margaret N. Vannice. In 
1852 he bought 240 acres of land in Hendricks county, where he has 
lived ever since. Thej' have six children living, Caroline F. , wife of 
John F. Underwood; Jacob Kurtz; Eliza, wife of James A. Hadley; 
Jennie A., wife of Charles C. Hadley, Charles E. and Oscar R. 
Kurtz, all married and all living in Hendricks county. Comrade 
Kurtz is one among the oldest soldiers of Hendricks county, being 34 
years old when he enlisted in Company G, August 13, 1862. He was 
with the regiment until the battle of July 22, 1864, at Atlanta, where 
he was so unfortunate as to be captured, and for seven months en- 
dured the hardships of confederate prisons, three ot them in Ander- 
sonville. Was paroled March 1, 1865, and reached home March 22, 
186S and mustered out as paroled prisoner in May, 1865. He was 
doing well and making money, but he laid these aside to serve his 
country from pure patriotism, and is a fair type of many 99th Indiana 
men. Address, Danville, Indiana. 



94 Neiu History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

brigade in killed, wounded and missing- being fifty-five." War 
Records, Vol. 38, page 341. 

From this it can be seen that the brunt of the fight of the brigade 
was borne by the 99th as their loss was thirtj'-six while the loss of 
the other three regiments was only nineteen. 

Of this engagement, Major Henry Hampton, Assistant Adjutant 
General of Hardee's Confederate Corps says: 

"More or less skirmishing along the line all day until about 
— p. m. when Bate moved forward to feel the force in his front; he 
did not go far before he encountered a strong force behind formidable 
breastworks and was forced to retire after suffering considerably. 
For some cause our expedition to the right was not consummated." 
War Records, Vol. 38, page 706. 

The cause of the failure of the movement was the encountering 
of the fifteenth arm}' corps of General Logan. On the 29th there 
was slight skirmishing all day and at night an attack was made on 
Osterhaus and Smith's divisions and was repeated several times. 
The attack did not reach Harrow's division but the roar and din of 
the battle made the waiting in the dark for the enemy to come a 
time of severe trial; Colonel Fowler speaks of this in his interview. 

May 29th. Lay in trenches all day; skirmishing- in 
front till June 1st, when we moved to the rear and left 
about eight miles, and occupied works which the 
Twentieth corps left. Remained there, doing turns of 
duty in front line with other regiments of the brigade 
until the morning of the 6th, when we marched about 
eight miles and camped near Acworth until the 10th. 
Marched about three miles toward Big Shanty; dug rifle 
pits all night. Lay in same place until the 13th. Moved 
to the left a quarter of a mile on the same line, lay there 
until the 15th, when we moved two miles to the left, 
formed in open field in columns of brigade, 99th on the 
right of the brigade. Advanced at 1 p. m., drove the 
enemy about half a mile; lost two wounded. At night 
moved to the rear and camped for the night. Remained 
in the same situation until the 19th, when we moved to 
the right in reserve. Lay in the same place until the 
25th. Moved to the right and relieved troops. Second 
division Fourteenth corps, at foot of Kenesaw moun- 
tain. Remained there until July 3rd; during the time 
intervening had fourteen wounded. 

Erastus EUibee was wounded on June 4th, and on the 15th Cor- 
poral Warren Cozat and Josiah T. Carter, both of Company K, were 



The Atlanta Campaign. 95 

wounded with one ball. Carter died of his wounds June 24, 1864, at 
Chattanooga. 

June 27th, John W. Hughes, of Company F, was killed, B F. 
Johnson, of Company H, and John Snyder, Company D, slightly 
wounded. 

June 29th, Henry Wilson and Joseph Fry, Company D, Sylvester 
Board and Christian Erenfeldt, Company' E (Erenfeldt died since the 
war), and George Crakes, Company I (died in 1899), were all 
wounded on the skirmish line. 

Kenesaw Mountain was the scene of another battle on the way 
to Atlanta. The grand assault was made on June 27th, but it was 
not successful. Colonel Walcutt's brigade was selected from our di- 
vision instead of ours to make the assault, so our losses were com- 
paratively light. 

The failure to break Johnston's lines at Kenesaw, determined 
Sherman to move McPherson's Army of the Tennessee to the right 
and begin another flank movement. This army appears to have 
been the cracker of the whip-lash that Sherman used to thrash John- 
ston with. 

On the 3rd of July marched to Marietta. July 4th, 
marched eleven miles and camped. July 5th, moved 
four miles to the front. July 6th, had one killed and one 
wounded. 

Orin E. Atkin, of Company A, was killed, and Samuel Wise, 1st 
of Company C, accidentally wounded. 

July 7th. Moved to the left and forward about forty 
rods, lay in line until morning". We threw up works and 
remained in same place, when we marched toward 
Marietta at 5 p. m. 

July 13th. Moved without breakfast; passed through 
Marietta at 9 a. m. ; marched during- the day sixteen 
miles. 

July 14th, 4:30 a. m. Marched four miles; camped 
near Roswell, Ga. At 5 p. m., moved forward and 
crossed the Chattahoochie river; halted for the night. 
Remained there until July 17th, when we marched on 
the Atlanta road about six miles; camped 3 p. m. two 
miles from Cross Keys. 

July Ibth, 5 a. m. Moved six miles, crossing Peach 
' Tree creek, halted about one hour, then moved forward 



96 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

about one mile; halted until 6 p. m., when we again took 
up the march and halted not until 10 p. m., four miles in 
advance. 

July 19th, Marched at 8 a. m. six miles, camped 
near Decatur. 

July 20th. Marched at 6 a. m. through Decatur, 
Advanced in line, halting several times, finally went to 
support a battery. Moved on left of 15th Michigan into 
an open field where we lay down, receiving a severe 
shelling from the enemy, resulting in the loss of one 
killed (James Wigant, Company K) and three wounded. 
July 22. Was engaged in the battle, an account of 
which has been heretofore reported. 

July 23d. Lay in works until the 27th, when we 
marched at 2 a. m. toward the right and rear. 

July 28th. Moved at daybreak to the right on the 
flank of the line; finally came on the enemy's skirmish- 
ers. We then threw up some logs and rails for tempor- 
ary breastworks. At length the enemy came, and firing 
commenced about 12 m., continuing about four hours. 
Our loss was twenty-eight killed and wounded. We 
found thirty-one dead in our front. Took fifty-nine 
prisoners, 

July 29th, Built works all day, 

July 30th, Moved to the right the length of two 
regiments. 

July 31st and August 1st. Remained in statu quo. 

August 2d, moved forward into second line, where we 
still remain, August 3, 1864, 

The above report contains as near as can be obtained, 
the details of the part of the present campaign from the 
6th of May to August 3d, inclusive. 

Recapitulation: Killed and died of wounds received, 
15; missing in action, 10; wounded in action, 100; total, 
125, 

John M, Berkey, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding, 

99th Indiana. 



The Atlanta Campaign. 




ANDREW J. HAINES AND WIFE, COMPANY D. 

1900. 



Born April 5, 1847, in Preble county, Ohio, son of John T. and 
Maria Hampton Haines. Married September 26, 1879, in Jackson 
township, Miami county, Indiana, to Eliza Endsley, who was 
born in that county October 31, 1335; they had four children. Com- 
rade Haines was a farmer boy and was but 15 years old when he en- 
listed at Peru, Indiana, August 19, 1862; was a private soldier in 
Company D, 99th Indiana; in 1863 he was ill in field hospital with 
mumps about one month; he was an active participant in sieges of 
Vicksburg, Jackson, Ressaca, Atlanta, Kenesaw and Ft, McAlister, 
and numerous skirmishes; he was mustered out June, 1865. He had 
four brothers in the Union service, one of whom, Reuben, was in 
Company D, of the 99th; he is a member of the Congregational 
church, of which he is a trustee; belongs to Summer's Post, No. 59, 
G. A. R.; bj' occupation is a farmer. Comrade Haines' mother is a 
first cousin to Ex-Go%ernor Wade Hampton, of South Carolina, but 
it did not affect the loyalty of the Indiana family as one of his broth- 
ers, John, was in the 8th Cavalry; Mark and George in the 8th In- 
diana Infantry, and Reuben and Andrew in the 99th Indiana. His 
address is Amboy, Indiana. 



98 Neio History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

In order to complete the campaign we g-ive here the 
official report of Colonel Berkey made September 10, 
1864. He says: 

"On the 3d of August, at 3:30 p. m., six companies 
were ordered to support the then advancing skirmish 
line (the other four companies being- on the line), when 
at dark, the reserve or supporting' companies were or- 
dered on the line, where they remained until midnig-ht of 
the 4th, when the regiment was relieved and marched 
to the works which were left when ordered on the skir- 
mish line. During the tour of duty, eight men were 
wounded. Captain Josiah Farrar was in command. 
The regiment remained in the same place until August 9, 
when at 10 a, m., marched to the front, or former skir- 
mish line, Lieutenant-Colonel J. M. Berkey in command, 
where they remained until Friday, the 26th day of Au- 
gust, when at 8 p. m., moved toward the right of the line, 
or toward the Montgomery railroad, marching all night 
and until 3 p. m. of the 27th, when we halted on the 
summit of a ridge, which we fortified and there remained 
all night. 

"August 28th. Marched at 8 a. m. about five miles, 
to the Atlanta & Montgomery road, halted, bivouaced 
and at 11 p. m. and until 4 a. m. of the 29th, were em- 
ployed destroying railroad. 

"August 30th. Marched toward the Atlanta (Macon), 
& Western railroad, and halted at 8 p. m. within about 
one mile of it, where we threw up works near Jonesboro. 

"August 31st. The enemy attacked in our front but 
slightly, on our flanks more generally; two dead and two 
wounded, were found in our front. 

"From August 3d until September 2d our killed were 
10; wounded, 16; missing, 1; total 27." 
Very respectfully yours, 

J. M. Berkey, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding. 

This completes the official reports of the campaign 
resulting in the capture of Atlanta. The battles of At- 
lanta, July 22d, and Ezra Church, July 28th, will be re- 
ported in a separate chapter. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

BATTLE OF ATLANTA. 

I am unable to find in the War Records any account 
^of this battle as Colonel Berkey says was made, and it 
is a question whether it was ever made or not. Colonel 
Fowler fought the battle with a leave of absence in his 
pocket, and went home soon after, and has no recollec- 
tion of makino- such report, and as he was in command, 
he would be the proper officer to make it. 

In order to understand this battle, which was one of 
the greatest and most decisive of the war, decisive, be- 
cause by it General Hood, the successor of Johnston, 
proposed to stake the defense of Atlanta and the defeat 
of Sherman upon the issue and result. The repulse of 
Hood by the forces of Thomas on the 20th had settled 
the fact that a direct attack from the front would not 
succeed, and as Sherman had thrown the forces of Mc- 
Pherson around by the left until they were facing the 
rebel works from the east side of the city, a front and 
rear atack was determined upon. By a night march 
Hardee's corps had been thrown around the left of the 
Seventeenth corps, and the plan was to attack the Army 
of the Tennessee in the rear, and at the time when they 
were facing the rear to repel the attack, they were to 
rush out from the lines around Atlanta and attack them. 
This was to bring McPherson's two corps into a position 
where they were to meet at the same time a front and 
rear attack. This will explain why the troops were 
compelled to fight at different times from each side of 
their ranks. 

The Seventeenth corps were on the extreme left and 
the Fifteenth corps joining them on the right, the Fourth 
division. General Harrow, was next to the Seventeenth 
corps, the First brigade on the right, the Third brigade. 



100 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Colonel Oliver, in the center, the Second on the left, 
next to the Seventeenth corps. 

The official report of Colonel John M. Oliver, com- 
manding- Third brigade in this battle, is as follows: 

"On the 20th we marched on Atlanta road; formed 
line of battle south of the Greorgia railroad; threw up 
works and skirmished with the enemey. On the 21st the 
48th Illinois was ordered forward to make a diversion in 
favor of General Gresham's division, Seventeenth Army>, 
Corps, who attempted to carry the enemy's line but were 
unsuccessful. The rest of my command completed their 
works during the day. On the 22d, about 9 a. m., moved 
forward to the works held by the enemy the day before, 
the 70th Ohio on the left, the 15th Michigan on the right, 
48th Illinois and 99th Indiana in reserve. Works at 
once reversed. Skirmishers advanced about one mile 
and reported enemy moving through town onto our left. 
At noon attention was drawn to firing in our rear. By 
the direction of the general, I at once made dispositions 
to meet anything coming from such an unexpected direc- 
tion, ordered the 99th Indiana back to their former posi- 
tion and put them into line occupying the outer slope of 
their old rifle pits. Two companies were thrown out as 
skirmishers at once. As the firing in the rear increased 
there was no doubt of a serious attack. The enemy be- 
gan to show themselves in the open field on our left and 
rear. The 48th Illinois was brought over and changed 
front forward on first company, 99th Indiana making 
same change to the rear on last company. Both regi- 
ments then went forward with a cheer and drove the 
enemy to the woods again. During this time the troops 
on the left beginning to give way from this rear attack, 
the 15th Michigan was ordered out on double quick 
and came across the open field through the stragglers in 
fine order, forming on the right of the 99th Indiana 
across the ravine. The fight was so determined at this 
time that the 70th Ohio was brought over and placed in 
position where they could support either this brigade or 
the second, which were both fully engaged in this at- 



Battle of Atlanta. 



101 




RILEY A. REEVES AND DAUGHTER, COMPANY B. 

1900. 



Was born in Hancock county, October 8, 1847, and enlisted as a 
recruit in Company B, in March, 1864, at the age of 16, and got into 
the service as soon as he could, and soon enough to get a wound on 
the 28th of May, 1864, at Dallas. He continued in the service, how- 
ever, and was mustered out in July, after the close of the war. After 
the war he returned to the old home and February 24, 1876, married 
Miss Sarah L. Crone, the daughter of a veteran, and they have six 
children, one boy and five girls, the j-oungest being shown in the 
picture above. In 1882 he moved to Trinidad, Colorado, where he 
still resides. 



102 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

tack on the left and rear. The 15th Michigan charged 
and captured seventeen officers and 165 men and two 
stands of colors (5th Confederate and 17th and 18th 
Texas). 

"The pickets in our front were reporting the enemy 
advancing. The 99th Indiana and 48th Illinois were 
again thrown quickly across the field to the position 
held in the morning by the 15th Michigan and 70th Ohio, 
respectively. On this front the fight was bitter and in- 
tense for an hour, when the troops on the right having 
actually left their rifle pits, Colonel Fowler covered our 
right flank by skirmishers. Seeing that the position on 
our left that morning must be held, the 15th Michigan 
was ordered by me to the right of the artillery now 
massed on the crest in the rear. After this was done I 
ordered the 99th Indiana to fall back and occupy the 
works left in the morning and Colonel Greathouse to take 
his. The 70th Ohio, across the ravine, who had seriously 
injured the enemy by a flank fire, were now ordered back. 
After coming about forty yards the order was given by 
General Harrow in person, to return, and back they went 
with a cheer. I have heard many an officer say that that 
hearty cheer of the 70th Ohio, was the most encouraging 
thing they had heard during the whole five hours' fight. 
As soon as the lines were formed on the right, we again 
charged in line and retook our works, threw out skir- 
mishers and began to care for our wounded.'" 

Colonel Oliver pays a tribute to Colonel Lucian 
Greathouse of the 48th Illinois, who was killed. He also 
says: 

"Captain Homan, formerly acting assistant inspector- 
general, relieved before Kenesaw, since then acting ma- 
jor of his regiment, 99th Indiana, behaved with distin- 
guished gallantry. He was wounded and taken prisoner 
during the battle of the 22d." 

The regiment lost two killed and twenty- two wounded 
and ten missing. 

James Foster and James Horton, of Company A, George C. 
Bartholomew, Company E, William S, Johnson, Company G (died 



Battle of AtJanta. 



103 




HARRISON D. WALTERS, COMPANY H. 



1900. 



Born October 18, 1833, near Nicholasville, Kentucky. Enlisted 
at Pittsboro, Indiana, Aug-ust, 1862, and served through the war. 
Has lived in and near Danville, Indiana, ever since the war; has 
been married three times and has a wife and three sons and three 
daughters living, four of them married. Comrade Walters was a 
good soldier, serving some time as wagoner, and feels fully the 
strong tie that binds comrades together. Address, Danville, Indiana. 



104 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

of wounds, August 9, 1864), were killed or died of wounds. Captain 
R. P. Andis, of Company B, was seriously wounded in the head, 
Lieutenant George S. Walker, of Company F, seriously wounded in 
the hand, Albert Robbins, of Company A, was also so seriously 
wounded that he died August 6, 1864. The following were also 
wounded: Corporal Louis Richmail, and Michael G. Youse, of Com- 
pany B, Haynes P. Wood, of Company C, Corporal Gideon Pierce, 
of Company D, Color Sergeant Thomas Starkey, Joseph Cripe, 
William A. Patrick, and Benjamin F. Roadruck, of Company E, 
James P. Kendall, David M. Vannice, of Company G, Hugh R. 
Chapman (died of wounds July 24, 1864,) of Company H, David 
Albaugh, Company I, Rolin Meritt, of Company K, John S. Dodson, 
of Company H (died of wounds August 1, 1864). 

Captured: Major Horn m, exchanged with General Stoneman at 
Rough and Ready September 2-*, 1864; Corydon Pierce, Company A, 
died at Wilmington, North Carolina, April 6, 1864; Adolphus 
German, Company F, recaptured March 3, 1865, at Cheraw, South 
Carolina; Henry V. Walker, Company F (supposed to have died in 
prison); Henry F. Kurtz, Company' G, mustered out as paroled 
prisoner May, 1865; George O. Wolvin, Company H, returned from 
capture May 24, 1865; John Potts, Company H, exchanged May, 1865; 
Jones R Daily, Company I (supposed to have died in prison); George 
W. Stolnaker, Company K, paroled and mustered out May, 1865. 

The statement in Colonel Oliver's report that the 
15th Michig"an captured the prisoners and colors is a 
mistake, they were captured by the 99th, and afterward 
turned over to the 15th Michigan. It is not a matter of so 
great importance, but the truth is that the 99th Indiana 
captured the prisoners and colors. 

Of this matter, Lieutenant-Colonel W. V. Powell, at 
that time captain of Company I, says: 

"About 2 p. m. I was ordered by Colonel Fowler to take three 
companies, G, H, and I, to cross a ravine and climb a hill in our 
front to the top, about two or three hundred yards, and reconoiter 
and hold the position. This was, according to memory, about a 
mile and a half east of Atlanta. 

"As my little command advanced up the hill, a gradual incline, 
to within about twenty yards of the summit, we discovered a con- 
federate flag floating in the breeze over and just beyond the hill, 
tolerably close to the top, so close that we could see the flag and staff 
but not the enemy, and probably thirty to forty yards distant from 
us. On my order, the three companies laid down on the ground, and 
I ordered a squad to shoot at the enemy's flag staff close to the 
ground. At the first fire the flag fell, and a moment later a con- 



Battle of Atlanta. 



105 




JOHN W. M'CLURE, COMPANY F. 

1900. 



Born November 20, 1837, in White county. Indiana. Enlisted 
Aug-ust 22, 1862, and served to end of war. Has lived for the last 
twenty-five years at Pawnee, Sangamon countj', Illinois. Was mar- 
ried July 26, 1871, at Hillsboro, Illinois, to Mina P. Harper, and 
they have six children living; Minnie B., married to Harry L. Furry; 
Baja, married to John J. Johnson, a direct descendent of William 
Penn. His boys are named Walter, James, Henry and R03'. Com- 
rade McClure was a good soldier and was mustered out as sergeant 
in his company. Has spent most of his life in mercantile business. 
His address is Pawnee, Illinois. 



106 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

federate major, of small stature, advanced toward us cautiously in 
order to ascertain where the shots came from I plainly saw him 
looking- over and beyond us inquiringly. After he advanced so far 
that he could not retreat, I jumped up and ordered him to halt and 
surrender, which he did, saying, 'I do surrender.' I again com- 
manded, 'Thrown down your sword and turn to your men and order 
them to throw down their arms and march up here. ' He did so, and 
our prisoners, on count numbered sixty-five, the 17th and 18th 
Texans. They were sent back to Colonel Fowler under guard of 
Corporal Henry C. Lindley, and m}' command held the hill. A 
little later Colonel Fowler arrived with the balance of the 99th 
Indiana, saying, 'Captain, you had such good luck I thought I 
would come over,' and we built temporary works and prepared to 
hold the position, but soon was ordered to support a battery. As- 
saults were repulsed from most every direction during the after- 
noon. It seemed to be a contest in which regiments and companies 
fought as circumstances and opportunity dictated. I don't now re- 
member seeing any of our brigade that afternoon except the 15th 
Michigan, which was not far away when we captured the 17th and 
18th Texas. I did not know the I5th was near at the time the little 
major surrendered, but I afterward heard it was near by. I sup- 
posed the 70th Ohio and 48th Illinois were all busy, for we went 
over the same ground several diflferent times that afternoon, and we 
had possession when dark came." 

As to how the flag- of the Texans came into posses- 
sion of the 15th Michig-an, Alexander McMillan or 
Alexander Cress, of Company I, 99th Indiana, found the 
confederate flag- on the ground with the enemy's g-uns 
and started to bring- it to us when Colonel Hutchinson 
saw the orderly with it and called to him to bring- it to 
him, which was done. 

Captain Worrell, at that time in command of Com- 
pany G, who was on the left of the line, confirms what 
Captain Powell says, only he claims that the surrender 
was made to him, and differs a little in some minor 
details as would be natural after so many years. He 
says: 

"In the matter of the capture of those prisoners on the 22d of 
July, I know beyond question that the 15th Michigan had nothing 
to do with it. It was Companies G, H and I that captured them 
and there were 173 of them. This is a matter too well known to 
members of the three companies to permit the 15th Michigan to claim 
the honor of it. ' ' 



Battle of Atlanta. 



•107 




LIEUTENANT GEORGE S. WALKER, COMPANY F. 

1880. 
(See page HI for sketch and order of three pictures.) 



After looking over all the facts and reading- all the 
reports of the battle, I am sure the facts are about 
these: The actual surrender of prisoners was made to the 
99th, with one of the moving causes being the fact that 
three companies of the 15th Michigan were on the Hank 
of the enemy at the time. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Berkey, in his blunt, soldierly 
way, in speaking of it, says: 

"The cause of the trouble between Colonel Oliver and the offi- 
cers of the 99th was, after we were in the brigade, he sent one day 
one of his aids to Colonel Fowler and myself to sign a petition to 
make him brigadier-general. This we refused to do, and after that 
we never captured a prisoner but what he added to his report that 
the 15th Michigan did it." 



108 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

In all the reports, official and otherwise, of the battle, 
the best one I have found I copy from an old diary kept 
by a privave soldier, Andrew J. Clayton, Company D, 
written that night. He is now a telegraph operator and 
railroad agent at Tenaha, Texas: 

July 22, 1864. This has been a day to be remembered by many. 
In the forenoon everything appeared to be very quiet and the enemy 
left their works in our immediate front and fell back to a stronger 
position along the edge of the town, and we moved up and took pos- 
session of their works and turned the dirt the other way. About the 
time this was done we heard firing on the extreme left and they had 
massed their forces there and were advancing on the Seventeenth 
Corps. It was not long until the fighting became general. Our men 
held their ground nobly. There were re-enforcemeuts sent from the 
Fifteenth Corps to support the Seventeenth Corps, and at the same 
time the rebels made a general attack on the Fifteenth Corps and on 
account of line being thus weakened to re-enforce the left, the rebs 
got into our works on our right and got an oblique fire on our regi- 
ment and we were ordered to retreat. We fell back about 100 yards 
and rallied and charged back to the works again and after fighting 
about ten minutes the rebs flanked us again, as our forces gave way 
on our right. We then fell back to our works that we had built the 
night before. Our batteries now opened a destructive fire on them, 
a fresh brigade was sent in on our right, and we went forward 
again and in a little while we gained our whole line and held it to 
the end. The enemy finally fell back and gave up their attempt to 
whip the Army of the Tennessee as a bad job. As I write to-night, 
our men are in possession of the whole line. The rebs lost terribly, 
their dead lined the woods in our front and we took some prisoners. 
Our loss was considerable but not more than half as many as the 
■enemy. Our regiment lost about 40, our company lost 3 wounded; 1st 
Sergeant John Harvey, wounded in the thigh; Gideon Pierce, just 
above the knee; George Stearns in the mouth. 

July 23d. We are busy to-day burying the rebel dead. It is a 
horrible sight to pass over a battlefield and see many dead as there 
are here Those who a few hours ago were alive and well, are sleep- 
ing to rise no more. They have gone the same road a good many 
more of them will go if they only continue to charge our ranks. Gen- 
eral Sherman rode along our lines to-day and we gave him three 
rousing cheers. 



Battle of Atlanta. 



109 




WILLIAM A. KIPLING AND WIFE, COMPANY C. 

19C0. 



Born February 11, 1836, in Sodus, Wayne county. New York; 
followed sailing^ from 1852 until the war came; enlisted at Valpa- 
raiso, August 11, 1862, and served until close of war. Moved to Saun- 
ders county, Nebraska, and lived several years; then moved*to Weld 
county, Colorado, where they now reside upon a farm. Comrade 
Kipling is 64 years of age and his wife 63, but they are Jboth hale 
and well preserved for their years. Address, Platteville, Colorado. 



CHAPTER XV. 

BATTLE OF EZRA CHAPEL, JULY 28, 1864. 

This was one of the hardest battles in which the 99th 
Indiana was ever engaged. The brief account in the 
report of Lieutenant-Colonel Berkey has already been 
given. General Sherman determined to extend his line 
on the right and he threatened the left flank of General 
Hood by severing his railroad connection toward the 
south. The account of this engagement may be stated 
in this form: The Fifteenth Army Corps moved to the 
right and rear, going" eight miles on July 27th to the ex- 
treme right of the line, and camped in columns of reg-i- 
ments. About 11 o'clock or a little after, while moving 
forward in line of battle, the corps struck the skir- 
mish line of the enemy and they at once begun to pile 
up logs and rails, and anything that would furnish pro- 
tection. This was hardly beg'un before the enemy ap- 
peared in full line of battle. 

General Sherman says of this: "The enemy had 
come out of Atlanta by the Bell's Ferry road and formed 
his masses in the open fields behind the swell of ground, 
and advanced in parallel lines directly against the Fif- 
teenth Corps expecting- to catch that flank in 'air.' His 
advance was magnificent but founded on an error that 
cost him sadly, for our men coolly and deliberately cut 
down his men, and in spite of the efforts of the rebel of- 
ficers his ranks broke and fled, but they were rallied 
ag-ain and again, as often as six times at some points, 
and a few of the rebel officers and men reached our line 
of railpiles only to be killed or hauled over as prisoners. 
These assaults occurred from noon until about 4 p. m., 
when the enemy disappeared, leaving his dead and 
wounded in our hands. 



Battle of Ezra Cliapel. 



Ill 




LIEUTENANT GEORGE S. WALKER, COMPANY P. 

1862. 



Born September 30, 1832, on Little Mountain, Hardy count3% 
"Virginia. His father broug-ht him to Tippecanoe county, Indiana, 
when he was 3 years of age, and dying soon after, the boy was 
reared by an uncle. Smith Marques, of whom he says: "He was 
the best man I ever knew." Georg-e became a farmer and married 
in 1853. Located near the Battle Ground, Indiana, where he was 
when he enlisted in August, 1862, and was elected and commissioned 
2d lieutenant of Company F. Was in all the campaigns of the regi- 
ment until the battle of Atlanta, Julj' 22d, where he was severely 
wounded in the hand, and being taken with the fever soon after, he 
was unable to rejoin his regiment until after the "march to the 
sea," and was honorably discharged by the war department, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1865. After the war, lived fourteen years in Illinois, and 
says: "I made monej' and lost it by going- security- for friends." In 
1880 went to Cherokee Nation and engaged in the cattle business for 
sixteen years. Now resides on a farm near Moran, Kansas. The 
changes of Comrade Walker are marked by three pictures. The 
one on this page in 1862 at 30 j-ears, the one on page 107 in 1880 at 
48 jear&, and the one on page 19 in 1900, aged 68 years. 



112 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

General William Harrow, in command of the Fourth 
Division says: "As we were advancing in line of battle 
about 11 a. m., the enemy's skirmishers began to dispute 
our progress, everything indicating the enemy to be 
near. Our lines were rapidly formed along a wooded 
crest facing nearly south, the First Brigade on the 
right, the Third on the left, and the Second in reserve. 
The line was not entirely formed before the enemy at- 
tacked in large force and with great desperation. After 
a brief struggle their first line gave way. A second 
was moved forward, but after a severe struggle met a 
like fate. The woods in our front afforded the enemy 
an opportunity of reforming his broken lines unper- 
ceived. The assault upon my lines was repeated six 
times between 12 m. and 5 p. m., and in every instance 
were met and repulsed with great slaughter, until finally 
sundown greeted us as the victors upon the most stub- 
bornly contested and bloodiest battlefield of the cam- 
paign. The battle was fought by the Fifteenth Corps 
against four times their numbers, with the advantage 
of works on either side. 

"If the soldiers of the Fifteenth Corps had no other 
claim to consideration than their efforts on that day, it 
would be enough to entitle them to the lasting gratitude 
of their country." — War Records, Vol. 38, page 281. 

Major-General H. E. Clayton, commanding a division 
of the Confederate forces, in his report of the battle 
says: "Early on the morning of the 28th of July this 
division was ordered to move from its position in the 
trenches on the northeast of Atlanta, through the city to 
the west. Here it was halted until near the middle of 
the day; when having been preceded by Brown's Divi- 
sion, it moved out on the Lick Skillet road about a mile 
and went into line of battle on the right of the road 
facing to the north. I had placed Gibson's Brigade on 
the left and was superintending the formation of Holtz- 
claw's Brigade on the right, having directed General 
Baker to form his brigade in rear as a reserve, when I 
learned that without the knowledge of General Gibson 



Battle of Ezra Chapel. 



113 




ALFRED A. REAM, COMPANY I. 

1862. 



A sketch of Comrade Ream will be found on page 55. This pic- 
ture shows him as he was ready to start to war. In addition to his 
regulation outfit he was presented by the boys and girls, with re- 
volvers, bowie knife, blacking brushes, needle box, writing paper, 
pens, pencils, pipe and tobacco, a bible, deck of cards, hose, shirts, 
handkerchiefs, etc. In the picture he looks like a walking arsenal, 
but in six months he got rid of most of them. Revolvers, bowie 
knives, etc., were the most useless things a soldier could carry when 
he had a musket. I do not remember how it was with Comrade 
Ream, but I remember one comrade of Company C that started with 
as much in his knapsack as Comrade Ream, but as it was rather 
shrunken one day on a march, I asked him what he had in it, and 
he responded: "A navy plug and history of the four kings." A 
great many soldiers on a march threw their knapsacks in a wagon 
and made a roll of their blankets and tied them so as to make a collar 
over one shoulder and under the arm on the other side The picture 
shows the full armed soldier, that all will recognize as "Sergeant 
Al. Ream." 



11-4 New History of the Nintty-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

or myself, his brigade had been ordered forward b}- 
Lieutenant-Colonel Cunningham, assistant inspector- 
general of the corps. This brigade soon struck the 
enemy, whose skirmishers with the line sirpporting them 
were promptly driven back on the main line. Moving 
Holtzclaw's Brigade forward with the instructions to 
look well to the right, my formation having been from 
the left on Brown's Division, I hastened to where Gib- 
son's Brigade was engaged. This brigade had struck 
the salient in the enemy's works and had suffered se- 
verely. I was informed by General Gibson that he 
needed support. The troops on his left had been driven 
back in confusion. I immediately ordered up Baker s 
brigade which renewed the attack with spirit, but was 
in time, driven back with great loss. I then ordered 
Holtzclaw's brigade to move by the left flank and take a 
position out of view of the enemy but near their works 
and covering the ground over which the two other bri- 
gades had passed, in order to meet an advance on the 
enemy should one be made. Hastily forming Gibson's 
and Baker's brigades, both of which had fought with 
gallantry and lost one-half of their original numbers, in 
rear; the firing on my left having ceased, I notified Lieu- 
tenant- General Lee, commanding corps, of my position 
and awaited orders. * * * * Soon after dark the 
troops were moved back through the breast-works near 
the city and on a new^ position on the left of the army." 
War Records, Serial 74, page 821. 

Thus ended the last great charge of General Hood's 
forces during that campaign. The brave men of the 
Confederate army began to see, even the humblest of 
them, how utterly useless it was to charge upoc the 
works of the Union forces, and when another attempt 
was made at Jonesboro on the 31st of August, many of 
the troops refused to do so. 

Colonel Bushrod Jones, who commanded Holtzclaw's 
Brigade August 31st at Jonesboro, says of the attack 
there: "At the appointed signal for the advance the 
men and officers generally moved forward with spirit 



Battle of Ezra Chapel. 



115 




ISRAEL MINNIE, COMPANY D. 

1898. 



and enthusiasm and in very good order. After advanc- 
ing- about 200 yards I met the first line; repulsed with 
disorder and confusion after a very short contest, and 
then an open space of about 300 yards intervened 
between the brigade and the works of the enemy. The 
line continued to advance with good order and much 
enthusiasm. Unfortunately, just as the line arrived at 
the line of railpiles, about forty yards in front of the 
enemy's line, the line halted without orders and the men 
sought shelter behind these piles, throwing the line in 
disorder. I used every effort in my power to reform the 
line and to urge the men forward to take the works in 
front, but without effect. I held this advanced position 
until all the troops within sight of my left had been 



116 New History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

repulsed, and until I saw that it was useless to make any- 
more efforts to carry the position, probably about half 
an hour. I then ordered the brigade to retire in order 
and reform the line at the first line of works from which 
we advanced at the beg^inning of the battle. I regret to 
say that the conduct of the brigade after halting at the 
picket line of the enemy was not satisfactory. The men 
seemed possesse^d oisome great horror of charging breast- 
works, which no power, persausion or example could dis- 
pel, yet I must say, that the officers generally did their 
duty." — War Records, Serial 74, page 835. 

The diary of Andrew J. Clayton, of Company D, writ- 
ten on the ground, gives the view of a private soldier: 

Wednesday, July 27th. We left our position on the left at 3 a. m. 
and started for the right of our line; it rained some through the day, 
which made bad walking. We got to the right at dark. 

Thursday, July 28th. In the morning at daylight our corps 
commenced swinging around to the right of our lines. We swung in 
about two miles over the hills and through the hollows and over fences 
and through thick woods in line of battle and every other way. 
There was continual skirmishing on as long as we were advancing; 
about noon we halted and commenced throwing up works; got some 
temporary works built out of logs and threw up some dirt with tin 
plates and our hands; we had not worked long until the rebs com- 
menced advancing on us; they came with strong lines and with ter- 
rible yells; then came crackings of the Springfield rifles that filled the 
woods with a victorious echo The woods were very thick; we gave 
them a few rounds; then we charged on them and ran them back, 
and our regiment took forty prisoners. We then fell back to our 
works and they again came more determined than ever, but we held 
them at bay. The fight lasted until toward dark; the rebs being 
beaten very badly; they did not break our line anywhere. Their 
dead lay over the ground like sheaves over the harvest field; they 
lost easily ten men to our one. The weather was very warm. 

Friday, July 29. We were busy burying the rebels' dead and 
strengthening our works. It was our corps that did the fighting 
yesterday. This morning at 3 a, m. the rebs' bugle blew and they 
left our front and fell back toward the railroad. 

The casualties of the regiment in this battle were as 
follows: 

Killed and died of wounds, John Weeks, Co. I; Perry McQuerry, 
of B; Adam Kious, of F. 



Battle of Ezra Cliapel. 



li: 




ISRAEL MINNIE, COMPANY D. 

1862. 



Born April 3, 1839, in Montreal, Canada, and came with his 
parents to Miami county, Indiana, where in 1862 he enlisted in Com- 
pany D. After the war he returned to that county and October 5, 
1867, married Amanda Hall, and lived on a farm near Peru, a man 
known and respected by all. Spent five years, from 1870 to 1875, in 
Kansas. He was a great friend of his old comrades and attended 
nearly every reunion of the regiment, where his good nature and 
genial ways made him a great favorite. In the summer of 1899, he 
was passing along the street in Peru when a runaway team came 
dashing along, threatening to run over a large number of school 
children just crossing the street; he rushed in, grasped the fright- 
ened horses and averted the danger, but was himself so injured that 
he only survived a few days, dying as a hero dies who gives his life 
to save others. He leaves a wife, but no children. Her address is 
Peru, Indiana. The above picture shows him as he was during the 
war, while the one on page 115 shows hirn as he was when he died. 



118 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Wounded, Levi A. Boyd and John W, Dumond, of A; Alonzo M. 
Gibbs and Ferdinand Julius, of B; Tliomas Martin, Wm, M. Scott 
and Wm. D. Kolb, of C; John Johnston and John C. Sarver, of E; 
James K. Lee, of F; Wm. Selsor, Wm. Staley and Elihu W. Cobel, 
of G; Lyman Stacy, of I; and Giles S. Thomas, of K. Others were 
wounded, but the reports are so imperfect that the names and facts 
will appear in roster. 



CHAPTER XVI. 

SIEGE OF ATLANTA. 

The sieg'e of Atlanta lasted through the month of 
August and was a time of gTeat trial to the regiment. 
I have made comments on this elsewhere and give here 
the diary of Andrew J. Clayton, of Company D, as the 
best account I can find from the line of the siege: 

Saturday, July 30th. In the morning our company 
went on skirmish; there were a few rebs in our front; the 
Seventeenth corps advanced in our front and we were 
relieved. 

Sunday, July 31st. Our brigade is on the reserve to- 
day; the First and Second brigade of our division are on 
the line; slight skirmishing in front; heavy cannonading 
to the left; where we are on the battle field is a nasty, 
dirty place, and we have very poor water; got a letter 
from sister Jane; it rained hard during the afternoon 
and it was very disagreeable here for the soldiers. 

Monday, August ,1st. We are still in the same place; 
in the morning our skirmish line was advanced and we 
commenced building another line of works, one-fourth 
mile in advance. 

Tuesday, August 2d. Was detailed in the morning 
doing work on the fortifications; worked until noon. 
Our brigade marched up to the next line in the rear of 
the new works. 



Siege of Atlanta. 



119 




JAMES B. DOOLEY, COMPANY H. 

1900. 



Born in Hendricks county, Indiana, October 1, 1837, and has re- 
sided there all his life except his three years in the army. Was mar- 
ried December 18, 1860, and his wife and the three daughters born 
to them are still living-. He lives on a farm of his own of 133 acres 
six miles northwest of Danville, Indiana. He was a good soldier 
and could nat be anything else than a good citizen, a kind husband 
and father, and an active christian May he and the wife who 
"stayed by the stuff" while he was in the army, live long and be 
useful and happy. Address, Danville, Indiana. 



120 Neio History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry, 

Wednesday, August 3d. In the morning- our skirm- 
ishers were advanced; drove the rebs out of their pits; 
Major Brown, 70th Ohio, was mortally wounded. Our 
whole regiment went on skirmish lines, some firing all 
night, 

Thursday, August 4th. Still on the skirmish; rain in 
the forenoon and the sun came out very warm in the 
afternoon. We made a demonstration all along our 
division to give the Twenty-third corps a chance to ad- 
vance; was relieved at 12 o'clock at night. 

Friday, August 5th. Heavy skirmishing all along in 
our front, and our batteries kept up a pretty heavy firing 
all day; heavy cannonading on our right. 

Saturday, August 6th. Heavy skirmishing all day, 
and in the afternoon our batteries opened all along the 
line and there was the awfuUest roar I ever heard, 

Sunday, August 7th. Went on skirmish last night; 
rained Ijard until midnight; it is very quiet to-da}^ owing 
to its being Sunday, and in the afternoon there was a 
heavy firing on our right; we were relieved at dark. 

Monday, August 8th. There are various rumors in 
the camp about the enemy's massing their forces on our 
right. We were ordered to march and take nothing but 
our guns and cartridge boxes, but the order was counter- 
manded. I was detailed at dark to take shovels out to 
the skirmished line for the men to work with. 

Tuesday, August 9th. In the morning our division 
moved out on the skirmish line and made it our line of 
battle. We are now close to the rebs. Heavy cannon- 
ading in the evening. 

Wednesday, August 10th. We had to keep our heads 
low down; the rebs are only one hundred yards from us; 
the rebs have to do the same; at dark our company went 
on skirmish; we had a line close by the rebs pits. I 
crawled up within two rods of the rebels' pits. (Louis 
Manker, Company G, killed.) 

Thursday, August 11th. We were relieved from 
skirmish at day-light. There was slight skirmishing all 
along the line, as usual. The rebs killed a man in Com- 



Siege of Atlanta. 



121 




ROBERT B. LANK, COMPANY C. 

1862. 



Was born on May 17, 1838, in Randolph county, Indiana; parents 
moved to Benton county, Indiana, when he was 4 years of age, 
where he lived until he enlisted in 1862. He was one of the true 
men who was unable, on account of a rather weak physical frame, 
to endure the hardships of the service and was discharged March 
10, 1863, on account of disability. After the war he located in War- 
ren county, Indiana, and engaged in mercantile business for a num- 
ber of years. He is a good man and an honorable, upright citizen. 
In 1878 he married Sarah C. Davis, who, with one daughter, now 19 
years of age, are still his companions. The daughter is in the de- 
partment of music at Green Castle, Indiana. His address is Green 
Castle, Indiana. This picture shows Comrade Lank as he entered 
the service. The one on page 29 shows him as he is now. 



122 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

pany C, and wounded a man in Company B; some can- 
nonading". Weather warm and some rain. (Augustus 
Kotka, Company C, killed; Riley Kingen, Company B, 
and John Brown, Company E, wounded.) 

Friday, August 12th. I was detailed for skirmish in 
the morning; we were within three rods of the rebs' 
skirmish pits. I had two fair shots at the Johnnies at 
short range. Heavy cannonading in the evening. (Levi 
White, of Company E, and Sergeant Noah Cate, of Com- 
pany I, killed.) 

Saturday, Augast 13th. Everything goes on as usual 
along onr lines; slight skirmishing and some cannon- 
ading. It was reported that there were 200 deserters 
come in. I understand that we are reinforced with 25,000 
men, but I don't credit the reports. (Pleasant Stipe, of 
Company G, killed.) 

Sunday, August 14th. More picket firing to-day than 
usual. John Wesley Hahn was wounded this morning 
by my side while getting breakfast. Wrote a letter 
home. Weather warm. 

Monday, August 15th. Nothing of importance going 
on along our front. Skirmishers kept pecking away at 
each other, and the batteries exchanged shots now and 
then. 

Tuesday, August 16th. Everything goes on about as 
usual in our front. Still lying very close to the enemy. 
Constant skirmishing going on. I was detailed at dark 
for picket or skirmish. 

Wednesday, August 17th. Was relieved from skirmish 
line at daylight; our pickets took in some of the rebs' 
pickets; lost one man killed, and one wounded. Slight 
skirmishing and cannonading. 

Thursday, August 18th. Joseph Griffet was killed. 
Everything went on as usual along our front until 4 
p. m., and then we made a demonstration, and all of our 
batteries opened to draw their attention to this place to 
strike a blow elsewhere. (John Billidew, Company C, 
captured, and David Stitt, Company I, wounded.) 

Friday, August 19th. We are in the same position; 
nothing of importance going on in our front; we can see 



Siege of Atlanta. 



123 




THOMAS HOLLAND, COMPANY B. 

IQOO. 



Born June 26, 1824, in Fayette county, Indiana. Served through 
the war and was mustered out with the reg-iment. Married Asbrene 
Curry, October 13, 1870, who died October 13, 1896, leaving him with 
two children, a daughter and a son. A good christian man, having 
been a member of the Methodist church since 1842. Has lived in 
Hancock county since the war; is by occupation a farmer. He is a 
true friend to his old comrades. Address, Maxwell, Hancock 
county, Indiana. 



124 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

a reb occasionally over on their main line of works; in 
the afternoon we made another demonstration upon our 
left, don't hear anything from right. (Henry C. Coffin, 
of Company H, wounded by one of our shells.) 

Saturday, August 20th. I was detailed for picket, 
went on at daylight; was within four rods of the rebs 
and they kept shooting occasionally all day; was re- 
lieved at dark; rained hard and it was very disagree- 
able in our pits; our batteries fire occasionally and 
the rebs make a feeble reply. 

Sunday, August 21st. Everything goes on as usual 
along our front; Lieutenant Burnham, Company A, was 
killed and one man killed in Company G; rained through 
the day and it was muddy in the pits. (Lieutenant 
Burnham, of Company A, and Thomas Yelton, of Com- 
pany G, killed.) 

Monday, August 22d. Nothing unusual taking place; 
skirmishing and cannonading; it is reported that our 
forces have got the Atlanta & Macon railroad and that 
they took a lot of prisoners; encouraging news from Vir- 
ginia was received. 

Tuesday, August 23d. We are still strengthening our 
works; got orders to put another row of stakes in front 
of our works; this makes three rows; it has now cleared 
off with the prospects of fine weather; we are still close 
to the rebs. We lose a man now and then and the rebs 
do the same. 

Wednesday, August 24th. Various rumors in camp; 
one is that the rebs are evacuating; another is that our 
division is going to be relieved from the front. L. B. 
Farrer was wounded in the hand; went on picket at 
dark. (John Steckelman, of Company A, also wounded.) 

Thursday, August 25th. I was relieved from picket 
at daylight: we got orders to march at dark; the 
orders were countermanded and we put up our she- 
bangs again. There was one man killed, Joseph Parker, 
of Company E, and the skirmish line looked for an at- 
tack in the morning. 

Friday, August 26th. Erastus EUibee was wounded 
in the morning on the skirmish line in the jaw; heavy 



Si€{fe of Atlanta. 



125 




RONEY V. JONES, COMPANY K. 

1900. 



Born in 1841 at Urbana, Ohio. Came to near Logansport, Indi- 
ana, in 1845. Enlisted in Company K in 1862 and served until the 
end of the war. Since the war he has lived on a farmjnear Royal 
Centre. Was married in 1867 and now has a family of a|[wife and 
four children. A good soldier in time of war, he has been a good 
citizen in time of peace. Address, Royal Centre, Indiana. 



126 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

skirmishing on our left; we expected to be attacked; our 
forces are gradually drawing off from the left; at dark, 
our corps leaving the front, quietly marched all night to 
the right. (William Wilson, of Company E, and Harri- 
son J. Nibarger, of Company B, wounded.) 

Saturday, August 27th. Still marching on; stopped 
at 10 a.m. and got a bite to eat; marched on until 2 p.m.; 
stopped on a high ridge and built some works near the 
enemy's left; weather very hot. 

Sunday, August 28th. Marched on at 8 a. m. in the 
direction of the Atlanta & Montgomery railroad, very 
slow; struck the railroad at 3 p. m.; our advance built 
breastworks. At 10 o'clock at night our regiment went 
out and destroyed some of the railroad; the country is 
very broken here. (Isaiah M. Shepherd, of Company H, 
wounded and died of wounds.) 

Monday, August 29th. Lay still all day. The Six- 
teenth Army corps went out without their knapsacks; 
destroyed some more railroad; the boys were all very 
willing to rest; there was very little foraging in that 
section of the country; weather warm. 

Tuesday, August 30th. In the morning at seven 
o'clock the Army of the Tennessee commenced advancing 
toward Macon railroad in two columns; our advance 
commenced skirmishing with them and drove them 
within a mile of the railroad, where we found them forti- 
fied; crossed the Flint river. 

Wednesday, August 31st. In the morning the rebs 
woke up and found the Yankees were in force in their 
front and they thought we were too close on their com- 
munication and that they would drive us back; they at- 
tacked us at 2 p. m.; fighting lasted two hours, but the 
rebs were repulsed with considerable loss; at the same 
time the rebs attacked us. the Twenty-third and the 
Fourth Army corps swung in on the left near East Point 
and took thi railroad and destroyed some of it. (Wm. 
Catt and Ferdinand Julius, of Company B, wounded.) 

Thursday, September 1st. We took the rebs' skir- 
mishers in the morning and the Fourth and Fourteenth 



Siege of Atlanta. 127 

corps commenced advancing down the railroad on the 
enemy's flank, and we made several demonstrations in 
their favor; they had considerable tighting- to do, but 
drove the enemy before them and captured some prison- 
ers and one batter}'. (John A. Condiff, of Company H, 
and Jasper Barker, of Company G, wounded.) 

Friday, September IM. Our grand flank movement of 
the last few days caused the rebs to evacuate Atlanta 
last night. The railroad being cut, they could not get 
their ammunition away and they blew up thirt}- carloads; 
the rebs left our front last night and we follow^ed them 
up this morning; passed through Jonesbo^-o. 

Monday, September 3d. Yesterday we found the 
rebs in force four miles south of Jonesboro; we formed in 
line of battle, the Fourth corps and the Sixteenth and 
Seventeenth corps on our right, all moved forward to 
cannonading and found nothing but slight skirmishing 
to do on our front during the day. 

Sunday, September 4th. Nothing of importance 
took place in our front; some slight skirmishing; our 
batteries kept banging away. The rebs used no artil- 
lery. Various rumors in camp about going back to 
Atlanta: got orders to brighten up our guns. 

Monday, September 5th. Slight skirmishing and 
cannonading going on all day; the rebs didn't reply with 
artillery; we quietly drew oft" from front at 2 p. m., fell 
back to Jonesboro, supposed that our whole army has 
gone back to the vicinity of Atlanta to take a rest after 
four months' fighting. 

Tuesday, September Gth. We lay in camp all day 
just outside of the town; our trains all rolled out in the 
morning toward Atlanta. The rebs have a lot of 
wounded in town. 

Wednesday, September 7th. Our corps marched out 
in the direction of Atlanta at 7 a. m., our division in the 
rear; our brigade was rear guard. The rebs have got 
fight enough so they don't follow us up: we marched 
eight miles and went into camp for the night; weather 
cool. 



128 New History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Thursday, September 8th. Marched out at 8 a. m. to 
East Point, got there about noon; went into camp; it 
was told that we would stay here some time and com- 
menced cleaning- up quarters. General Grant and the 
president paid their compliments to this army for the 
taking of Atlanta. 



CHAPTER XVII. 

THE PURSUIT OF HOOD. 

The pursuit of General Hood which begun Ocober 4th, 
was a part of the service in which the regiment marched 
.270 miles, and that has attracted as a campaign but 
very little attention from the country. It was one of 
those hard, tramping campaigns in which there was 
much marching and little fighting. General W. B. Ha- 
zen was in command of the division at the time of its 
commencement, then known as the Second division. Fif- 
teenth Army Corps. The Third brigade was under the 
command of Colonel Fowler, and Captain Gwin in com- 
mand of the regiment, succeeded by Major Homan. 

Perhaps the best report of the campaign is that of 
General Hazen, who says: "At 9 a. m., October 4th, we 
left camp at East Point, Georgia, and marched for Raff's 
Mill across the Chattahoochie, continuing the march to 
a point three miles southwest of Marietta where it ar- 
rived on the 5th, remaining till the 8th, when it moved 
three miles north of Marietta where it remained until the 
evening of the 10th, when it marched toward Rome via 
AUatoona. At that point Colonel Fowler's brigade (the 
Third), was put on cars and sent forward. The division 
arrived at Rome the 12th, and next day marched toward 
Ressaca, reaching that place and passing through it and 
Snake Creek Gap on the 15th. We passed Villanow the 



The Pursuit of Hood. 



129, 




LIEUTENANT JOHN C. PARKS, COMPANY I. 

1900. 



Bora May 30, 1844, Miami county, Indiana. His first ten years 
were spent with his parents and with the Miami Indians, and was 
known as Chief Gabriel Godtrey's Wapeciet, or "pet white boy," 
and the old chieftain with his long, white hair and careworn looks, 
still visits him at his place of business in Peru. He was raised on 
a farm until he enlisted. He was appointed corporal, and at Louis- 
ville was appointed one of the color-guards and served as such until 
Atlanta fell when he was appointed 1st sergeant, and served as such 
until the muster out, when he received a commission as lieutenant. 
Was injured by the explosion of a shell at Kenesaw and so was 
mounted and put in command of a foraging party, and thus became 
one of Sherman's "bummers" on the "march to the sea." He is a 
moulder by trade and when able, has engaged in foundry work 
at Peru and other places since the war. In February, 1868, he was 
married to Miss Emma L. Arrasmith, who, with three children, two 
sons and one daughter, all of them of age, still lives to be his com- 
panion in life's work. Comrade Parks is a thoroughgoing comrade, 
attends the reunions and takes a lively interest in ever3'thing that 
pertains to the honor and fame of the 99th Indiana. Address, Peru, 
Indiana. 



130 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

16th and stopped for the nig-ht in Ship's Gap on Taylor's 
Ridge. On the 17th we moved to Lafayette, on the 18th 
to Summerville, on the 19th to Alpine, and on the 20th 
to Galesville, and on the 21st moved out seven miles on 
Little river and went into camp, where we remained till 
the 24th, when the division with the first of this corps 
went in the direction of Gadsden on a reconnoissance. 
On the 25th this division, having- been left in reserve at 
Blount's farm, was ordered forward to form on the rig-ht 
of the First division which was five miles in our front, 
deployed and sharply engaged the enemy with artillery 
from points considerably m front of the infantry line. 
Taking a right hand road, Colonel Wells S. Jones' bri- 
gade was deployed while marching and moving forward 
without any halt or use of any artillery. Wheeler's en- 
tire force was driven from a strong- line of railworks and 
to a point near the town of Gadsden. There were four 
men wounded in this affair. The division returned to its 
former camp on Little river where it remained until the 
29th, when it crossed the Ghattahoochie and took up its 
march in the direction of Atlanta, arriving at Cave's 
Spring the 31st. Number of miles marched during the 
month, 270. The march was resumed November 1st, and 
on the 5th the division arrived at Smyrna camp ground 
near the Ghattahoochie, where it remained, receiving- 
payment and breaking up railroad, till the 13th, when it 
moved across Turner's Ferry and the White Hall, two 
miles west of Atlanta." — War Records, serial 77, page 745. 
In his report of the advance on Rome and the line of 
railroad. General John M. Corse says: "General 
Howard sent a brigade from Second division, Fifteenth- 
Corps, commanded by Colonel Fowler which arrived on 
the cars about noon of the 11th and was placed in camp 
ready for any emergency. General Sherman arrived on 
the 12th and his array encamped within three miles of 
Rome. On the 13th, by order of General Sherman, I 
moved my division, augmented by Colonel Fowler's 
brigade and Colonel Spencer's regiment of cavalry, 
across the Etowah and with Colonel Hurlbut's brigade 



The Pursuit of Hood. 



131 




CAPTAIN KELLOGG M. BURNHAM, COMPANY A. 

1900, aged 70. 



Born February 1, 1830, in Berlin, Ohio. Came to Lake county, 
Indiana, in 1853, and it has ever since been his home. His grand- 
father, Joseph Burnham, was a captain in the war of 1812, and his 
grandfather on his mother's side, was Rev. John Norton, also in 
that war. They were all Scotch Presbyterians of the straitest 
sect. He says in a letter: "I was married in 1855 to Eunice 
Wheeler, a sister of Colonel John Wheeler, of the 20th Indiana. We 
were only permitted to rear one son to manhood, Harry, who was 
born in 1865, and died in September, 1897. My wife died in 1881, 
and now at 70 years, I am traveling the road alone." On page 50 
will be found an account of his sickness. He continued faithfully in 
the service for another year, but was compelled to resign February 
29, 1864. Captain Burnham is a man of line character, genial dis- 
position and loves his comrades. He spends his winters in Florida 
to get away from the cold, spending four months last winter at Jack- 
sonville and on the East Coast. His address is Lowell, Indiana. 



132 Ntw History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

in advance, the other three brigades in supporting- 
column, the cavalry on the flanks, we advanced on Cave's 
Spring for the purpose of developing- the character and 
strength of the eaemy's force lying near the pontoon 
bridge on which they crossed over the Coosa. Arm- 
strong's and Gholson's brigades of cavalry of Jackson's 
division opposed us for about seven miles with but very 
slight loss to ourselves. The enemy were driven back 
toward Cave's Spring by the infantry, while I sent the 
cavalry to a point opposite Coosaville where Hood had 
his pontoons, which were found to be gone and no enemy 
there." — War Records, serial 77, page 769. 

On this march, October 30th, four men, Thomas 
Rodg-ers and Andrew J. York, of Company G, Henry C. 
Lindley of Company I, and Wm. Bray, of Company H, 
were captured and all taken to rebel prisons. The first 
three were exchang'ed at Vicksburgh, w^ent north on the 
Sultana which was wrecked, but were all fortunately 
saved. Comrade Bray was exchanged and joined the 
regiment May 30, 1865. Thomas Rodgers now lives at 
Hesper, Kansas; York at Grayville, 111.; Henry C. Lind- 
ley died sometime after his return from the war. The 
whereabouts of Wm. Bray is unknown. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

MARCH TO THE SEA. 

The march from Atlanta to the sea as a military 
campaign was one of the most original in conception, 
boldness of purpose and success in execution, of any 
campaign during the war. The distance from Atlanta to 
Savannah by the Georgia Railroad was 294 miles; the 
distance by the wagon road was considerably farther, in 



March to the Sea. 



133 




LIEUTENANT FREDERICK W. DRAWANS, COMPANY C. 

lOQO. 



Born March 30, 1835, in Medrin, Posen Province, Prussia, where 
he was reared. When 15 years of age his father died leaving- him 
to care for his mother who lived on a small farm. When 19, entered 
the Second Regiment of Guards, King William's body guard, toper- 
form his three years of military service. He was stationed at Ber- 
lin and gained the rank of corporal and afterwards sergeant Af- 
ter his service he remained one year on the farm. Ift 1859 he came 
to America, settling in LaPorte county, Indiana. He entered the 
service in August, 1862, and was appointed sergeant, and was soon 
after made color-sergeant, carrying the colors for a year and a half 
when he was appointed 1st sergeant, and in March, 1864, he was 
commissioned 1st lieutenant. He resigned January 31, 1865, to at- 
tend to private business in Germany. He was in command of the 
company during the "march to the sea," Captain Scott being absent 
on leave. "Lieutenant Fred," as he was called, was a good soldier. 
Married in 1865, to Ann A DeWitt; to them were born two children, 
a son and daughter. The son died in 1898, aged 30 years. Address, 
Valparaiso, Indiana. 



134 New History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

fact the 99th Indiana marched, in going from Atlanta to 
Savannah, 346 miles by actual count. The campaign 
was made by what was known as the Army of the Ten- 
nessee, composed of aright wing, commanded by General 
O. O. Howard; the Fifteenth corps, commanded by 
General P. J. Osterhaus, General Logan being absent on 
leave; the Seventeenth corps, commanded by>Ma3or- 
General Frank P. Blair, Jr.; the left wing, called the 
Army of Georgia, consisting of the Fourteenth Army 
Corps, commanded by General Jefferson C. Davis and 
the Twentieth Army Corps, commanded by General 
Alpheus S. Williams; the two corps being commanded 
by Major-General Henry W. Slocum. The returns of 
this army on the 30th of November showed 55,329 infantry, 
5,036 cavalry and 1,812 artilery; a total of 62,204; the 
99th Indiana was in the third brigade, second division, 
15th Army Corps, commanded by John M, Oliver, colonel 
of the 15th Michingan Infantry. I give his diary of the 
campaign. 

November 15th. Left White Hall at 10 a. m. ; marched 
in a southerly direction, passing through Rough and 
Ready; camped near Tucker's cabin, Henry county, at 
5 p. m. ; marched fourteen miles. 

November 16. Left camp at 6 a. m., passing through 
McDonough; camped two miles south of town at 5 p. m. ; 
marched sixteen miles. 

November 17th. Marched from 3:30 p. m. until 12:30 
at night; th^, troops marched to the left side of the road 
while the wagon trains and artillery took the road; 
marched seventeen miles. 

November 18th. Resumed our march at 8 a. m. and 
camped at Indian Springs at 1 p. m., distance six miles. 

November 19th. Left camp at 3 a. m., marched to 
the Ocmulgee river and crossed on pontoon bridge; 
halted for the night near Hillsboro; arrived in camp at 
4:30 p. m. ; distance marched fifteen miles. 

November 20th. Marched at 10 a. m. , passing through 
Hillsboro, camped five miles south of town; arrived at 7 
p. m; distance marched twelve miles. 



March to the Sea. 



135 




ALONZO B. THORN, MUSICIAN, COMPANY D. 

1863. 



Born February 9, 1844, in Coshocton county, Ohio; carhe with 
his parents to Miami county, Indiana, in 1856. Enlisted as a mu- 
sician and went the entire round with the regiment, saying: "The 
regiment never marched five miles from the beginning to the end 
that I was not with it." This tells the story of his faithful service 
in a few words as well as a volume could tell it. He was married 
July 12, 1867, but was so unfortunate as to lose his wife by death 
July 13, 1890, and has remained unmarried since. He has three 
sons and two daughters living. The above picture was taken at 
Moscow, Tennessee, in 1863. Comrade Thorn is a great friend to all 
his old comrades and says: "I hope to meet them all at the next 
reunion." Address, Amboy, Indiana. 



136 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

November 21st. Resumed march at 6 a. m. ; rained all 
day; roads in a terrible condition; passed throug-h the 
town of Clinton and camped within nine miles of Macon; 
marched thirteen miles; left Fifteenth Michig"an infantry 
at Clinton to guard roads leading to Macon until the 
trains had passed: about -l p. m. they had a sharp 
skirmish with Breckinridge's brigade of cavalry and re- 
pulsed them with the loss of two men wounded. 

November 22d. Broke camp at 8 a. m., marched in 
a southeasterly course, crossing the Macon & Augusta 
railroad which has been destroyed by our troops: camped 
on the Gordon road; the enemy attacked the first divis- 
ion and were repulsed: the 15th Michigan infantry re- 
ported at 6 p. m. Marched this day sixteen miles. 

November 23d. Marched at 9 a. m. in the direction 
of Gordon by a circuitous route: reaching camp at 12 m. ; 
took position and fortified; marched five miles. 

November 24th. Left camp at 9 a. m. arriving at 
Irwinton at 3 p. m. ; marched five miles. 

November 25th. Resumed our march to the Oconee 
river; passed through the town of Irwinton: arrived at 
the river at 4 p. m. : the ememy being posted on the oppo- 
site bank prevented our crossing; artillery was placed 
in position and opened on their works; the 90th Illinois 
and 99th Indiana were detailed to picket the river: the 
Seventeenth army corps joined us at this point; the 
Fourth division and pontoon trains also arrived; dis- 
tance marched twelve miles. 

November 26th. The enemy evacuated the opposite 
bank of the Oconee at 12 o'clock at night. At 6 p. m. 
crossed the river, marched two miles and encam^^ed. 

November 27th. Marched in a northeasterly course 
and encamped at Irwin's cross-roads at 12 m. ; distance 
marched eight miles. 

November 28th. Resumed march and encamped; 
distance fifteen miles. 

November 29th. Marched eighteen miles; roads in a 
terrible condition on account of rain. 

November 30th. Marched fifteen miles; had to cor- 
duroy and bridge roads continually. 



March to the Sea. 



137 




AMOS MILNER, COMPANY B. 

1898. 



Born in Fayette county, Indiana, September 9, 1834. Was en- 
g-ag-ed in farming- but enlisted in 1862, and served through the war, 
a faithful and true soldier. In 1868 moved to Kansas, and has lived 
in and near Madison, Greenwood countj-, ever since, living- on his 
farm up to 1893, and since that has lived a retired life in the citj- of 
Madison. Comrade Milner has been twice married; his first wife 
dying in 1861, he was married in 1865, to Phebe Ann Blakely. He 
has two sons living. Comrade Milner says: "Company B suffered 
more because they were charged twice while on the picket line and 
nearly all killed or wonnded." The badge on his picture shows that 
he is a G. A R. man, "a friend of his comrades and the flag." 
Address, Madison, Kansas. His brother, William, of the 99th, died 
in February, 1885, in Lyon county, Kansas, leaving a wife and 
seven children. 



138 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

December 1st. Left camp at 7 a. m. passing through 
Cannouchee postoffice and camped at the iunction of the 
Jones Ferry on the old Savannah roads, arriving at 5 
p. m. ; marched fourteen miles. 

December 2d. At 8 a. m. marched on the Savannah 
road crossing Scull's creek and encamped in Bullock 
county; distance ten miles. 

December 8d. Marched and encamped on Lott's 
creek; distance five miles. 

December 4th. At 8 a. m. resumed march in a south- 
erly course; at 3 p. m. some mounted foragers of the 
division were attacked by some 600 cavalry near States- 
boro and driven back until the enemy encountered the 
70th Ohio infantry, who were in advance as guard for 
pioneers corduroying the road. The 70th Ohio gave 
them one volley, after which the rebels hastily retreated, 
leaving six killed and one wounded in our hands; our 
loss was slight; we encamped at Statesboro; distance 
marched, fourteen miles. 

December 5th. At 9 a. m. marched in an easterly 
direction and camped at 6 p. m. ; distance thirteen miles. 

December 6th, I was ordered to march to Jenks' 
bridge to secure the crossing; left camp between 6 and 7 
a. m., leaving all my trains but four ambulances, two 
wagon loads of ammunition and the tool wagon. Upon 
arriving at the river, found the bridge destroyed. The 
15th Michigan and 70th Ohio took position on the river 
bank; the 48th Illinois and 90th Illinois and 99th Indiana 
were put into position, face to the rear, with a section of 
artillery from the Third division on a hill back of the 
river half a mile; distance marched fifteen miles. 
Stacked arms and went into camp at 12 m. ; the vigor of 
the troops and their earnest efforts to reach the river, 
secure the bridge and strike the enemey's cavalry 
enabled us to make this march with astonishing quick- 
ness. When we arrived at the camp of the Third divis- 
ion, which was one mile and a half nearer Jenks' bridge 
than our camp, we waited an hour and a half, at least, 
for the artillery, which had not been notified that they 



March to the Sea. 



139 




JACOB TRITT, COMPANY D. 

1862 
(As he was at 18 when he eniered the service. See page 43.) 



were to accompany the expedition; this delay in the 
outset and some skirmishing on the way left the actual 
marching' time less than four hours. 

December 7th. We were ordered to the Cannouchee 
river to hold and save the bridge across the river if possi- 
ble; we met the enemy's pickets on Black creek; skir- 
mishing commenced and continued for twelve miles until 
our mounted force arrived at the bridge which the}^ found 
in flames. The officers and men in the command seemed 
determined to-day to strike the enemy's cavalry who had 
some twenty-three prisoners whom they fed on sorghum 
stalks. At Black creek the obstructions in the ford 
were removed so that our ambulances and ammunition 



140 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

wagons crossed the ford before the troops could g^et 
across on the stringers of the still burning bridge; the 
enemy were pushed so hard they could not destroy the 
bridge across Mill creek at all. At one place near Bryan 
county court house the men waded in four ranks through 
a swamp 300 yards across, up to their waists in Avater. 
We captured two prisoners and five horses; the mounted 
force with one regiment of infantry remained at the river 
and the rest of the brigade camped at Eden (Bryan 
county court house); distance marched, twenty miles. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Berkey, 99th Indiana, w^ho was in 
command of the mounted force of the brigade (sixty 
men) conducted the operations of the advance with great 
skill and perseverance. 

December 8th. At daylight enemy opened with artil- 
lery and shelled the woods fiercely, hurting no one; 
skirmished with them all day; sent a detachment of the 
mounted men to effect a crossing up the river which they 
were unable to do: the skirmishing across the river was 
kept up so fiercely that the enemy in two nights and a 
day could not destroy the bridge across the two lagoons 
which was 600 feet or more across; if they had been 
destroyed, we could not have reached the Gulf railroad 
or saved any portion of King's bridge without making a 
march of thirty miles. The behavior of the officers and 
men during this expedition was highh^ praiseworthy. 
We had no skulkers. The balance of the division and 
pontoon train joined us here and commenced to put in 
artillery during the night. 

December 9th. The enemy left during the night but 
before leaving opened a brisk fire of artillery and mus- 
ketry; at daylight was ordered to secure and hold 
King's bridge across the Ogeechee; I at once commenced 
to cross my brigade over the Canouchee by ferrying 
them in pontoon boats and swimming the horses. It 
took us nearly two hours to cross. Pushed rapidl\' for- 
ward for eight miles to King's bridge but were unable to 
save but part of it. We then returned to Way's station 
to camp, leaving two companies of 48th Illinois to guard 



March to the Sea. 141 

the crossing and prevent further destruction of the 
bridge. We received orders to destroy all trestles on 
the railroad; also the railroad bridge across the Ogeechee; 
we destroyed fourteen trestles varying from thirty to 
150 yards long, and the Gulf railroad bridge across the 
Ogeechee, a magnificent bridge 500 yards long, took 
eighteen prisoners, finishing our work at 9:30 p. m. 

December 10th. Left Way's station at 5 a. m. and re- 
turned to the Canouchee river, re-crossed, and marched 
to the Ogeechee river and crossed at Dillon's ferry and 
encamped within ten miles of Savannah; distance 
marched eighteen miles. 

December llth-12th. Rested in camp. 

December 13th. Left camp and marched across the 
Ogeechee on King's bridge within about one mile of 
Port McAllister and formed. The Third brigade formed 
the center of division line; the 90th Illinois on the 
right; 48th Illinois in the center; the 70th Ohio on the 
left. The 15th Michigan and 99th Indiana were in re- 
serve; advanced half a mile and halted until 5 p. m., to 
enable other troops to get in position, when the order 
was given to advance and take the fort. The distance 
from our line to the fort was about 700 yards through 
open fields. The taking of this fort was so cheerfully 
and gallantly done by the troops of this brigade that 
there is hardly any way to do them full justice. The 
conduct of Captain Grimes, 4Hth Illinois, commanding 
skirmish line, in silencing two of the ten-inch guns bear- 
ing on our front, by his sharp shooters and his hand to 
hand fight with Captain Clinch, ought to be noticed in 
general orders. Captain Smith, of the same regiment, 
who rejoined us on the 27th of November, 1864, after es- 
caping from Columbia, South Carolina, was the first man 
in the fort and was killed inside of it. He was a gallant 
officer. The flag of the 70th Ohio was the first on the 
fort, though the gallant veterans of the 4^ith and 90th 
Illinois were there with them almost at the same time;, 
both color bearers of the 4^^th were killed with torpe- 
does; and the color-bearer of the 70th Ohio was also- 



142 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

killed just as he handed the flag to a comrade when 
climbing' over the abatis; the men of this command under 
fire cannot be surpassed; the only order I gave them was, 
when the "forward" was sounded to march steadily un- 
til they reached our skirmishers and then go in. The 
action lasted twelve minutes and our loss was seventy- 
six officers and men, killed and wounded. The results of 
this action were most important: our communications 
were at once fully established; captures in the fort by 
division were twenty-four guns, about 200 prisoners, 
medical stores, quartemaster's stores, a large quantity 
of ordinance's stores, ammunition and small arms. A 
garrison flag was taken by Captain Nelson, of my staff, 
and sent to your headquarters. On the 14th, the 70th 
Ohio on account of the conspicuous part taken by them 
in the capture of the fort yesterday, was ordered to gar- 
rison it. 

December 17th. Left camp with three regiments, 
99th Indiana, 48th Illinois and 15th Michigan for the 
Gulf railroad; returned on the 2l8t having marched 
forty miles and destroyed seven miles of the road, burn- 
ing every tie and twisting every rail; on the morning of 
the 22d our troops entered Savannah; the Third brigade of 
this division consists of the 15th Michigan Infantry, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Hutchinson, commanding; the 90th 
Illinois, Lieutenant-Colonel Stuart, commanding; 70th 
Ohio, Lieutenant-Colonel Philips, commanding; 99th In- 
diana, Lieutenant-Colonel Berkey, commanding; the 48th 
Illinois, Major Adams, commanding. 

I know of no troops in our army that surpass them in 
heroism and self devotion — but few, very few, equal 
them. To my staff I have been greatly indebted for suc- 
cess. Caj)tain La Point, acting as A. A. G. ; Captain 
Nelson, A. A. I. G. ; Lieutenant Brown, acting A. D. C. 
I thank them sincerely for the manner in which they have 
discharged their duties; Lieutenant John Doyle, acting 
assistant quartermaster of this brigade deserves sjDecial 
mention. His discharge of duty has been perfect and I 
would especially recommend his x^romotion. — "War Rec- 
ords,'' serial 92, page 119. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

AT SAVANNAH AND PORT ROYAL. 

The capture of Fort McAlister at once opened the 
way to the sea and Sherman no sooner began to make 
an investmcDt of the city of Savannah, than General 
Hardee evacuated it with all the confederate forces, so 
that General Sherman on the 22d, sent one of his charac- 
teristic dispatches to President Lincoln, saying: "I beg 
to present to you as a Christmas gift, the city of Savan- 
nah, with 150 heavy guns and j^lenty of ammunition, 
also about 25,000 bales of cotton." The balance of the 
month of December and the whole of January was spent 
in preparations for the march through the Carolinas, the 
regiment on the 15th of January being transferred about 
seventy miles from Savannah to Beaufort on Port Royal 
Island, South Carolina, on the ship George Leary, where 
they remained until the march began on the 30th of Jan- 
uary. 

Quite a number of changes took place in the officers 
of the regiment during the sta}' here. As soon as Sa- 
vannah' surrendered, December 22d, Colonel Fowler was 
mustered out of service, under general orders, allowing 
officers of more than three years service, to be honor- 
ably discharged. Lieutenant James B. McGonigal, of 
Company I, was mustered out by same order. On the 
26th, Major Homan resigned, having served more than 
three years, and on January 8th, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Berkey did the same, having served over three years, 
and this left Captain Josiah Farrar in command of the 
regiment, which he retained until the muster out, al- 
though he did not muster as lieutenant-colonel until 
May 20, 1865. On January 12th, Captain Walker, of 
Company H, was detailed as A. A. A. G., and Lieuten- 
ant Stuart, of Company K, as A. A. D. C, of the brigade. 



144r New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

The news of the defeat of General Hood at Nashville 
by General Thomas, greatly cheered the men and the 
general opinion was, that while there was a great deal 
of marching yet be done, the real hard fighting was over. 
They had marched from Memphis to Savannah with side 
excursions to Knoxville, Rocky Face, the pursuit of 
Hood, etc., 1,979 miles, and another 500 or 1,000 miles 
didn't make much difference. 

On January 8th, General Logan returned from leave 
of absence and resumed command of the Fifteenth Corps, 
relieving General P. J. Osterhaus. 

On January 13th, Captain Scott, of Company C, 
joined the regiment, having been away on leave of ab- 
sence and being unable to join his company on account 
of the "march to the sea."' 



CHAPTER XX. 

MARCH THROUGH THE CAROLINAS. 

In the report of Brigadier-General John M, Oliver, I 
find the following diary of the march through the Caro- 
linas: 

January 30, 1865. Broke camp near Beaufort, S. C, 
at 7 a. m. ; crossed Port Royal river at the ferry on pon- 
toon bridge; took road through Garden's Corners, past 
Bridge church and then left-hand road to Pocotaligo; 
reached camp at 3:45 p. m. ; distance seventeen miles. 

February 1st. Moved at 7 a. m. ; camped near Sand 
Hill church at 7 p. m. ; distance thirteen miles. 

February 2d. Started at 7 a. m. ; went into camp 
near Duck creek on Barnesville & Orangeburg road at 4 
p. m. ; distance 14 miles. 

February 3d. Had a skirmish with the enemy, flanked 
them with a detachment of the 48th Hlinois and drove 



March Through the Carolinas. 



145 




WM. H. H. SPAULDING, DRUM-MAJOR, COMPANY D. 

1863. 



Born at Newport, Ohio, about 1840, as he seems to have been 
named for the first President Harrison, who was elected in 1840 and 
died in 1841. His parents moved to Toledo, Ohio, ivhen he was ten 
years of age and four years after moved to Peru, Indiana, where he 
has ever since resided, being- at present the proprietor of the Spaulding- 
Brass and Iron Works, his sons being his partners. He was the drum- 
major of the regiment and had charge of the band from the first to 
the end of the service. He writes: "I would like to have you say 
that the musicians were with the regiment at all times, and in all 
battles were ready with their stretchers to carry their wounded com- 
rades off the field no matter where there fell." All know that this 
is true. The musicians vi^ere Paul Dodge, Peter G. Blaney (Marion 
F. Pierce after November 1, 1864) of Company A; Winfield E. 
Brewer, of Company C; Alonzo B. Thorn, of Company D; James 
Anderson, of Company E; Wm. S. Hall and David W. Davis, of 
Company G; Adin F. Spaulding, of Company I; and Edward Ken- 
nedy, of Company K. The picture of Comrade Spaulding was taken 
in August, 1863, near Vicksburg, and he is less changed with the 
years than any member of the regiment I meet. He is a true com- 
rade and attends the reunions when it is possible for him to be 
there, and can make a good speech if necessary. 



146 Neiv History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

them from their position on the opposite bank of Duck 
creek, taking- their camp, etc. We sustained a loss of 
one man killed and one wounded. 

February 4th. Moved at 12 m.; went into camp near 
Angley's postoffice at 5 p. m. : distance eight miles. 

February 5th. Broke camp at 7 a. m. ; marched to 
and crossed Salkehatchie river at Buford's bridg-e; went 
into camp near the river at 4 p. m ; distance eig-ht 
miles. 

February 6th. Marched about seven miles, crossed 
Little Salkehatchie and camped at 7 p. m. 

February 7th. Broke camp at 8 a. m. and marched to 
Bamberg- station; destroyed one and one-half miles rail- 
road toward Midway station; went into camp in reserve 
at 4 p. m.; distance six miles. 

(Lieutenant Drawans, Company C, resigned.) 

February 9th. Left Bamberg station at 5:30 a. m.; 
marched to Holman's bridge. South Fork Edisto river; 
went into camp at 1 p. m. : distance eight miles. 

February 10th. Crossed South Fork Edisto at 5 p. 
m. ; went into camp on road leading toward Columbia,, 
about one aAd one-half miles from river; distance two 
and one-half miles. 

February 11th. Moved at 7 a.m.; Third brigade in 
advance; went into camp at Poplar Springs at 2:30; dis- 
tance fourteen miles. 

February i2th. Broke camp at 7 a. m. ; marched to 
North Fork Edisto river, Third brigade in rear; counter- 
marched and succeeded in crossing y9th Indiana infan- 
try over main river in advance of everything. After the 
Second brigade had gained the other crossing we waded 
a swamp (one and one-half miles in width and waist 
deep), and went into camp on Orangeburg & Columbia 
road: distance nine miles. 

(Every man of the 99th got wet in crossing the river as well as 
in the swamp.) 

February 13th. Broke camp at 9 a. m. and marched 
toward Sandy Run postoffice; went into camp at 5 p. m. ; 
distance thirteen miles. 



Marcli Through the Carolinas. 



14; 




ANDREW J. CLAYTON, COMPANY D. 

1883. 



Born November 23, 1843, in Miami county, Indiana, near Peoria, 
on a farm where he was reared. Enlisted in Company D, and 
served in all the campaigns. After the war he spent four years on 
the plains and in the Rocky Mountains in the service of the Western 
Union Telegraph company. Had a rough time with the Indians. 
Came back to Indiana and married Miss E. J. Wright and went 
into the service of the C. B. & Q. railway for nine years, then went 
to New York and engaged in building telegraph lines for four years. 
He says: "I then moved to Atlanta, Georgia, and went into the 
grocery business with a partner, who left one night and I had the 
sack to hold, so I went to railroading again and have been agent 
here at Tenaha, Texas, for over fourteen years. We have a son and 
daughter, both married, and I am four times grandpa and proud of 
it."' The picture above was taken in 1883, the nearest one to his 
arm}' life. I found among my war papers the diary of Comrade 
Clayton, and have freely used it in this new history and shall take 
pleasure in returning it to him, as it is a relic that his grandchil. 
dren will prize. Address, Tenaha, Texas. 



148 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

February 14th. Moved at 7 a. m.; marched to within 
eleven miles of Columbia; distance seventeen miles. 

February 15th. Marched at H a. m. ; crossed Conga- 
ree creek at 5 p. m. and went into camp on right of First 
division; distance, six miles; enemy shelled our line in 
the rear from the bluff across Congaree river. 

February 16th. Moved at 9 a. m. and halted oppo- 
site the city of Columbia; the 99th Indiana and 15th 
Michigan were sent to hold the crossing of Saluda creek, 
and after a short skirmish with the enemy, we succeeded 
in crossing about dark and camped on the banks of 
Broad river; distance seven miles. 

February 17th. Left camp at 3 p. m., crossed Broad 
river, and marched through Columbia, which was form- 
ally surrendered that morning by the mayor, the main 
forces of the enemy having evacuated the city the night 
previous. 

February 18th. At 4 a. m. the Third brigade was 
called out to suppress riot, did so, killing two men, 
wounding thirty and arresting 370. The 15th Michigan 
and 99th Indiana destroyed one mile of Columbia & 
Charleston railroad; sent the 70th Ohio and 48th and 
90th Illinois to destroy one mile, from eight to nine-mile 
post, on same road. 

February 20th. Left Columbia at 8 a. m. ; marched 
easterly on road to Traveler's Rest; leaving that place 
to our right, we turned north toward Liberty Hill. Went 
into camp at 5 p. m. ; distance twenty miles. 

February 21st. Broke camp at 7 a. m. ; marched 
twenty-two miles; camped at 8 jd. m. 

(The "bummers" of the 99th brought in 1,000 pounds of pork and 
three barrels of flour that day.) 

February 22d. Left camp at 8:30 a. m. ; arrived at 
Wateree river, at Peay's ferry; crossed brigade ia 
pontoon boats; went into camp across Singleton's creek, 
two miles from the river; distance eight miles. 

(Captain Heath and Lieutenant Myers detailed in Pioneer 
corps.) 



March Through the Carolinas. 



14« 




CAPTAIN GEORGE HOLMES GWIN, COMPANY F. 



Note.— This picture shows the captain as he was when he entered the army. 
The sketch on page 15 has some wrong dates. His commission in the militia 
was August 25, 1853 instead ot 18.i7, and was in Company B, 4th regiment, 
second military district of Indiana. He also recruited Company F entire, 
being appointed by Governor Morton July 22, 1862, for that purpose, recom- 
mended by Judge Charles H. Test and others. 



February 24th. Marched twenty miles; went into 
camp at 10 p. m. one mile from Camden. 

February 25th. Broke camp at 8 a. m. and marched 
to Pine Tree church on Camden and Society Hill road; 
went into camjD at 12 m. ; distance ei^ht miles. 

February 26th, Left camp at 9 a. m. and marched to 
and waded Lynch's creek at Kelly's bridg-e; water very 
high and rising-; Second and Third brig-ades crossed and 
went into camp at 5 p. m. ; no wag-ons g-ot over; distance 
ten miles. 

(While lying here on the 27th David Cameron, Company C, and 
Jacob Stephens, Company H, were captured. They were after- 
ward paroled and mustered out with the regiment. Cameron has 
died since the war.) 



150 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

February 28th. Commenced to build bridge; made 
good progress; stopped work at dark. 

March 1st. Moved at 3 p. m. ; arrived at Kelly town; 
went into camp at 5:30 p. m.; distance six miles. 

March 2d. Marched at 3:30 p. m. and went into 
camp at 8:30 p. m. ; distance four miles. 

March 3d. Moved at 7 a. m. ; crossed Black creek 
at New Market; camped at Campbell's mills on Juniper 
creek at 7 p. m.; distance twenty miles. 

March 4th. Broke camp at 7 a. m. and marched to 
Cheraw; went into camp at 5 p. m. on the right of the 
First division, on the ridge to the left of town; distance 
thirteen miles. 

March 5th. Marched at 5 p. m., crossed Great Pedee, 
and went into camp at 8 p. m.; distance four miles. 

(Adolphus German, Company F, who was captured July 22 at 
Atlanta, escaped and joined the regiment that day.) 

March 7th. Left camp at 12 m. and marched to 
Crooked creek and camped at 5:30 p. m. ; distance ten 
miles. 

, March 8th. Broke camp at 7 a. m.; marched to 
Laurel hill; went into camp at 3 p. m. ; distance four- 
teen miles. 

March 9th. Left at 7 a. m. ; crossed Lumber river on 
pontoon bridge; camped near Bethel church at 5 p. m. ; 
rlistance fourteen miles. 

March 10th. Marched at 3 p. m.; corduroyed roads 
for nearly four miles; distance to brigade headquarters 
from yesterday's camp, three miles. 

March 11th. Marched at 8 a. m.; crossed Rock Fish 
creek and camped on Little Rock Fish creek, seven 
miles from Fayetteville, at 5 p. m. ; distance seventeen 
miles. 

March 12th. Marched at 7 a. m.; camped south of 
Fayetteville at 12 m.; distance six and one-half miles. 

(A dispatch boat came up from Wilmington and the regiment 
sent out mail, the first for nearly two month, during which they had 
marched 443 miles.) 



March TJirough the Carolina^ 



151 



•, 






sii^E^^^B •* 







JOSEPH WILLIAMS AND DAUGHTER, COMPANY C. 

1899. 



Born July 7, 1841, in Highland, West Virginia; was living in 
Benton county, Indiana, whien lie enlisted in Company C, being one 
of the "Benton county boys." He went through all the campaigns 
and was one of the most efficient of "Sherman's bummers" on the 
"march to the sea." Returned to Benton county and October 11, 
1866, was married to Lucinda J. Atkinson, Chaplain Lucas per- 
forming the ceremony. Remained there until 1878, when he moved 
to South Bend, Nebraska; lived there three years; then moved to 
Lancaster county and lived five years, when he bought a farm near 
Palmyra, in Otoe county, Nebraska, and has lived there ever since. 
Has four sons and one daughter living. The picture of the daugh- 
ter is given with his. There will be found an incident by Comrade 
Williams on page 58. He is a great friend of his comrades and is 
Commander of Post 54, at Palmyra, Nebraska, his home. 



152 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

March 14th. At 3:30 p. m. crossed Cape Fear river 
and camped on Warsaw road at 7 p. m.; distance three 
miles. 

March 15th. Marched at 11 a. m. on Goldsboro road; 
camped at Bethany church at 5 p. m. ; distance nine 
miles. 

March 16th. Moved at 8 a. m. ; crossed Black creek; 
went into camp at 7 p. m. near Wesley chapel; distance 
eight miles. 

March 17th. Moved at 7 a. m. ; camped at Peter's 
cross-roads at 3 p. m.; distance eight miles. 

March 18th. Moved at 5:30 a. m. : crossed Cohera 
creek and went into camp at 2 p. m. ; distance fifteen 
miles. 

March 19th. Moved at 1 p. m.; marched in direction 
of Everettsville until 11 p. m.; countermarched at 1 
o'clock at night to reinforce the Fourteenth and 
Twentieth corps, who had engaged the enemy. Distance 
twenty-four miles. 

March 21st. Changed position, relievakd skirmishers, 
put up lines and took part in the engagement of that 
day. Captain Hare, of 70th Ohio, a brave and gallant 
officer, was killed near the left of our division line. 

March 22d. Marched on direct road to Everettsville 
about ten miles; camped at 5:30 p. m. 

March 23d. Marched eight miles and went into 
camp six miles from Goldsboro. 

March 24th. We crossed the Neuse river and ended a 
campaign in which the command has shown an endur- 
ance and steady faith in themselves, their cause, and a 
confidence in their great leader such as I believe no 
troops have before felt. The casualties of the brigade 
have been two officers killed and one wounded; men killed, 
one; wounded four; missing, twelve; making a total 
loss of twenty. The number of miles of road corduroyed 
by the brigade was: 15th Michigan, three miles; 70th 
Ohio, three miles; 48th Illinois, three miles: I'Oth Illinois, 
three miles; 99th Indiana, four miles. — War Records, 
serial 98, page 309. 



From Goldsboro to Washington. 153 

While at and near this point some changes in regiment occurred. 
'Captain Walker, of Company H, was relieved as A. A. A. G. of bri- 
gade and Lieutenant Thomas J. Barlow, of Company H, detailed as 
A. A. D C. of the division on General Hazen's staff. Lieutenant 
Walker, of Company F, and Lieutenant Miller, of Companj' B, re- 
signed and were honorably discharged. 

Surgeon Butterworth, Sergeant-Major Brown, Captain Walker 
of Company H; Benjamin Martin, of Company E; William Beeker, 
of Company F; Enoch Scotten, of Company G; Francis Tillotson, of 
Company A, and others went home on leave. 



CHAPTER XXI. 

FROM GOLDSBORO TO WASHINGTON. 

The regiment remained near Goldsboro until April 
10th, when they marched seventeen miles in the direc- 
tion of Raleigh; on the 11th went on twelve miles, on the 
12th fifteen miles, on the 13th fifteen miles, and on the 
14th reached Raleigh, where they went into camp near 
Raleigh and remained in that vicinity until May 1st. 

On the 12th the announcement was officially made of 
the surrender of Lee to Grant on the 9th at Appomattox, 
and there was great rejoicing among the troops. All 
knew it was the beginning of the end of the confederacy- 
From the 18th to the 26th hostilities were suspended be- 
tween the armies of Generals Sherman and Johnston, 
about which there was much controversy, the Secretary 
of War and General Shermen having a heated contro- 
versy over the terms to be granted. On April 26th the 
confederate army of North Carolina was surrendered at 
Bennett's house, near Durham station. North Carolina, 
and that was the end of the war. The terms were the 
same as those given to Lee by Grant. 

On the 17th of April General Sherman issued Special 
Field Order No. 56, announcing to the army the assas- 
sination of President Lincoln on the evening of the 14th. 



15-i New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

Captain Heath has sent me an official copy of that order 
that he received as commander of the Pioneer corps. It 
is a relic of the old days. The old order makes the as- 
sassination on the 11th instead of the 14th, the teleg^ram 
to General Sherman making the mistake, as General 
Sherman afterwards explained. 

The march to Washington is thus reported by Gen- 
eral W. B. Hazen, commander of the Second division: 

Maj^ 1, 1865, Broke camp in accordance with orders at 5:30 
a. m., and went into camp near Louisburg- at 1 p. m. , distance nine- 
teen miles. 

May 2d. Left at 8:30 a. m., went into camp at Shady Grove at 
4:30 p. m.; distance twenty miles. 

May 3d. Marched to Warranton, nine miles, thence to Robin- 
son's ferry on the Roanoke, fourteen miles, making- twenty-three 
miles in all. 

May 4th. Marched at noon, crossed the Roanoke and camped at 
Pendleton's bridge on the Meherrin river; distance seventeen miles. 

May Sth. Marched at 5 a. m. through Laurenceville to a point 
three miles beyond the Nottoway river; distance twenty-seven miles. 

May 6th Marched on Boydton plank to Picter's run within six 
miles of Petersburg; distance eighteen miles. 

Here we have a march of 124 miles in six days, an 
average of twenty-one miles a day, and taking into con- 
sideration that a whole army corps was moving together 
on the same road, it is a remarkable march. The next 
report of General Hazen is: 

May 9th. On the 7th moved the camp from Picter's run to 
within a mile of Petersburg; on the Sth lay in camp; on the 9th 
marched to Proctor's creek, a distance of eleven miles Were re- 
viewed by General Howard while passing through Petersburg. 

May 13th. Lay in camp near Manchester, Virginia, the 11th 
and 12th; on the 13th moved across the James and through the city 
of Richmond and went into camp, a mile beyond the Chickahominy 
river; distance twelve miles. 

May 14th. Moved to Hanover court house, a distance of nine 
miles. 

May 15th. Marched twenty-two miles, crossing the Pamunkey 
and also the Mattapony at Reedy Mills bridge. 

May 16th. Marched twenty-two miles, going into camp five miles 
from Fredericksburg. 

May 17th. Marched to Fredericksburg, crossed the Rappahan- 
nock river and went into camp on Aqua creek; distance twenty miles. 



Froia Washington to IiidiancvpoUs. 155 

May 18th. Marched seventeen miles, g-oing- into camp two miles 
from the Occoquan river. 

May 19th. Marched fourteen miles; crossed the Occoquan and 
went into camp four miles from Alexandria. 

The regiment remained here and in vicinity until May 
23d, when they moved to the vicinity of the Long bridg'e 
to take part in the grand review of May 24th. 

On the 21st Captains Farrar and Powell received 
their commissions as colonel and lieutenant-colonel, but 
were only mustered as lieutenant-colonel and major. 
They had filled the positions of colonel and lieutenant- 
colonel from the 8th of January, more than four months. 

Lieutenant John T. Ramey, of Company F, died at 
City Point May 13, 1865, having only received his com- 
mission on April 20th before. He was a faithful soldier, 
went through all the service and died when the war was 
over. 

The grand review has been so often described that I 
ueed not repeat it here, only to say that the 99th did not 
get their new flags and so carried the old flags, if flags 
they might be called, that had only a few tattered 
stripes on broken and splintered staffs. The men of the 
99th did not care much for the opportunity of displaying 
themselves, but regarded it as a sort of necessary exhi- 
bition to close in a formal way their period of service. 



CHAPTER XXII. 

FROM WASHINGTON TO INDIANAPOLIS. 

On June 5, 1895, the regiment was mustered out of 
the service of the United States by Captain John C. 
Nelson, of the 70th Ohio, A. C. M. Leaving Washing- 
ton they came by rail to Parkersburg and down the Ohio 
river on the steamer Nashville to Lawrenceburg, and 



156 Neiu History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

from there to Indianapolis by rail, arriving- Sunday- 
morning, June 11th. Final payment was made on the 
15th, when all departed for their homes. 

On Monday, June 12, 1865, the regiment with others 
received a welcome from Governor Morton and the state 
authorities on the grounds of the old state house. The 
words of the governor as we read them now call back 
very vividly the feelings of the people at that period. 
He said: 

"It is a deep feeling of joy with w^hich Indiana wel- 
comes her returning soldiers home— a joy prevading 
every breast in this vast audience. You went forth on a 
mission you have performed with fidelity and success, 
and now return to claim the gratitude of your fellow- 
citizens. If our arms had been covered with defeat in- 
stead of victory, how different the circumstances under 
which you would have returned, 'if you returned at all. 
You come now when all is peace from the northern 
frontier to the Rio Grande. The dark cloud of war has 
given place to the sunshine of peace. The Confedracy 
has died suddenly of disease of the heart; died almost in 
a single night, like the gourd of Jonah. Jeff Davis has 
removed his seat of government from Richmond to Fort- 
ress Monroe, and instead of being accoutred in the 
paraphernalia of war, has put on the garments of peace 
and good will to all. The incendiaries who kindled the 
fires of the rebellion have been burned in their own 
houses, and the heat of the conflagration has melted the 
manacles off their slaves. 

"Soldiers, when you went forth to battle for your 
country, all was gloom and darkness. Our country was 
full of infidels — men who did not believe in the future of 
the nation. You had faith; you went forth; you per 
sisted; you conquered; and now return as the conquering 
hero returns, and the people are rushing out with open 
arms to receive you. What were you fighting for? Not 
for glory, though you have gained enough of that, but 
for your country. Never before was a war so com- 



From Washington to Indianapolis. ISr 

pletely successful. The job has been so well done that 
even the rebels are beginning- to be proud of it. You 
have done your work so well that you have destroyed 
the means of renewing the contest for all time to come. 

"The American soldier is to-day the highest type of 
manhood. The French soldier is distinguished for his 
activity, vivacity and enthusiasm, the Russian for his 
obstinacy. The English soldier is slow in his move- 
ments, but possessed of a valorous stupidity, which 
sometimes renders him incapable of knowing when he is 
defeated. The German is noted for his calm, patient 
and intellectual courage. As the blood of all these en- 
ters into the composition of the American people, so are- 
their respective virtues blended in the American soldier. 
It has been demonstrated in this war that our soldiers 
have the elan of the French, the obstinacy of the Rus- 
sian, the dogged persistence of the English, and the ed- 
ucated courage of the German. 

' 'The past four years have been productive of immense 
results in the field. The rebellion was not to be put down 
by words and resolutions. Some affect to undervalue 
the bravery of our soldiers by saying that we outnum- 
bered the rebels in population. It is true we outnum- 
bered them but they had their advantages. They did 
not come to us, we had to go to them. We were unfamiliar 
with their country, while they knew it well. In making 
war we had long lines of communication to maintain 
which they could dispense with. We fought them un- 
der great disadvantages but our cause was just and we 
triumphed. You had faith in the justice of your cause, 
or you could not have stood up under the hardships you 
were called upon to endure. 

"But now we can rejoice in the bright prospects of 
the nation. The great disturbing element of our politics 
gone, and gone forever, under the free labor system the 
South will prosper as it never has prospered before — 
even as the North has prospered. 

"But you are home again and you will not fail of a 
true welcome. You have doubtless, on the march, in 



158 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

camp, or on the lonely picket station, pictured to your- 
selves the anticipated meeting- with the lov^ed ones at 
home. Your anticipations will be more than realized, 
and you young fellows, who cannot, as yet, call any 
woman wife, will not be disappointed. They don't take 
much to these 'stay-at-homes.' They say they are well 
enough for escorts to picnics and ice cream saloons and 
to pay carriage-hire, but when it comes to the substan- 
tial business of matrimony they beg to be excused. In 
that case they will take the soldiers, for they know you 
will make good husbands, for the man that loves his 
country will love his wife." 

The cheering with which this address was received 
was the best testimonial of its appreciation. When we 
remember that it was wholly extemporaneous and that 
the governor was making a speech of welcome every da}^ 
to some returning regiment, it shows the ability of a 
master of plain speech. His unceasing care and untiring 
labors in behalf of the soldiers had given him a warm 
place in their hearts, and praise from one who knew 
what they had endured was as an oasis in the desert 
through which they had passed. As an old veteran of 
Company B said at its close, with a voice half joy and 
half sadness, "We are once more in God's country, thank 
God!" That was his amen and it was enough. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

INTERVIEW WITH COLONEL FOWLER. 

On the 20th day of December, 1899, I spent the day 
with Colonel Alexander Fowler at his home' near 
Bronson, Kansas, and took down from his lij^s the fol- 
lowing statements of his recollections of the days of the 
war. I Avouid sometimes put in a question, and so I give 



Interview With Colonel Foivler. 159 

the conversation in substance in some cases, in others 
his exact words. 

"Do you remember the officers of the reg-iment?'" 
"Yes. I find this to be true, there are many men 
that I remember, privates as well as officers, from some 
peculiar circumstances under which I met them at times, 
some incident on the march, or in camp, or in battle, 
brings up the name and appearance of the one engag-ed 
in it. Of course my connection was more directly with 
the officers, and my acquaintance was better on account 
of the official relations. In the army as in civil life 
there are men of more congenial tastes than others, and 
these will form their associations so that they will be- 
come better acquainted. Adjutant McGlashon, Ser- 
g"eant-Major Brewer and j^ourself were in my mess, and 
I have always thought of you when I have thought of 
the old regiment. McGlashon and Brewer were both 
young men, not of age, but splendid officers, competent 
and faithful. Two men may be equal as soldiers, as 
gentlemen, and yet you will become more attached by 
association to one than the other. Now, the business of 
the commander is to not allow this friendship to sway 
him in official action. That was one thing I tried to 
avoid, but I can look back now and see in some cases 
where my friendshijD for a man led me to favor him, but 
I feel sure I never did a man an injustice because he was 
not particularly friendly with me. If I ever did so I do 
not believe there is an officer of the old regiment but 
had sense enongh to know that I did him no wrong in- 
tentionally. The private soldiers of the 99th were many 
of them the equals of their officers in education and 
intelligence." 

I told him that many of the officers and men of the 
regiment had succeeded in life and were doing well, 
honored and respected by the communities in which the}" 
lived, when he said: "I know that must be true for they 
were many of them j^oung, but of extremely good sense. 
If any class of men ever deserved to attain success, it is 
the men of the 99th for they were good soldiers. One 



160 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

of the strarge things is the fact that there are some good 
men in the world who cannot stand up under fire. Of 
course these men are called cowardly, but a man who has 
never been under the fire of an enemy has no right to 
criticise them for he cannot judge, does not know what 
he would do under like circumstances himself, and a man 
who has been under fire will have a measure of sympa- 
thy for them. Two officers of the regiment came to me 
after a battle and told me they could not stand up under 
fire and I permitted them to resign, and I have always 
been glad that I did, for they were good men and were 
willing to try, which many a man was unwilling to do. 
It is a fact also, that some men under the excitement of 
battle become what I call reckless. A brave man is wil- 
ling to risk his life in doing his duty, but he must also- 
not forfeit it unnecessarily. For instance, at the battle 
of Atlanta on July 22d, while the fight was going on I 
was riding my old white horse, which all the members- 
of the regiment will remember, and I found, by the way 
the bullets were coming, that I was becoming a conspicuous, 
target and so I dismounted for a time and went up and 
down the line on foot, leaving my horse in charge of an 
orderly. In the midst of the engagement I was near 
Colonel Greathouse, of the 48th Illinois Infantry, and as- 
the enemy began to fallback after a repulse, he mounted 
the works brandishing his sword and calling on the en- 
emy to "come on, come on," in a challenging way, and 
in about a minute he was shot and killed. He made him- 
self a target and took more risk than was necessary. 
He was a brave man and a splendid soldier, but his act 
was an impulse and not one of deliberate judgment— at 
least it seemed so to me at the time and seems so yet, as> 
I look back upon it." 

"It is the preparation, or waiting for battle, that is 
the hardest is it not?" I asked. 

"Yes," he replied, "a man sometimes suffers as much 
from anxiety as anything else. For instance, at the 
battJe of Mission Ridge where we were holding the side 
of the hill, now called Sherman Heights, it was one of 



Interview With Colonel Fowler. 



161 



^'-^n 




if. 









SERGEANT HENRY W. WISE, COMPANY C. 

1900 
(See page 163.) 



the most exciting" and anxious times to me I ever passed. 
We had a skirmish line in front and two men had been 
brought in dang^erously wounded, and the wounded of 
General Corse's brigade on our left were brought by our 
regiment, among them the General himself. General 
Sherman's headquarters were just above us and a little 
to our left and I was there a good deal waiting orders. 
I could see the failure of Colonel Loomis' brigade on our 
right and Corse on the left, to reach the ridge, as well 
as the apparently hopeless task of attempting the ridge 
in our front, when he told me to hold my regiment in 
readiness to make the attempt, by moving out to the 
right. I went back and in a short time the order came 



162 Neic History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

to fall in and get ready. We did so and waited in sus- 
pense for some time; I do not know how long- for time 
seems very slow on such an occasion, I knew what it 
meant to move — it meant a loss of one-third of the brave 
fellows of my command at least. Just as we were or- 
dered to move, the 90th Illinois, the reg^iment on our 
right, the left of the First brigade swung into the place 
in the valley below us and the o^der for us to charge was 
countermanded. The 90th Illinois made a brave but un- 
successful charge and the commander, the gallant 
Colonel Omeara, was killed and the regiment lost heavily 
in killed and wounded. When the sun went down that 
night it closed the longest day of my life, and yet I had 
been in no great danger, except from the shells which 
3'ou remember generally went over our heads. It was 
the anxiety, the waiting that made it." 

Here I ventured to ask, "Colonel, were you ever 
scared in a fight?" to which he responded: 

"Yes, I was onoe. It was in Dallas when the enemy 
made a night attack. We were under orders to with- 
draw quietly when the attack commenced. It was very 
dark, and you could not see anything. Every cannon 
and musket in the whole confederate line was in use and 
the noise was terrific. I could not tell what was coming, 
or from where, and for a few minutes I was somewhat 
frightened. It seemed to me that what I couldn't see 
was more terrible than what I could see. I felt a good 
deal like what General Sherman once said about General 
Grant and himself. He said: 'Grant is the great general, 
he makes his plans and goes ahead, cares nothing for 
what he cannot see, while some things I cannot see at 
times scare me like h — 1.' I was a good deal that way 
the night at Dallas." 

"I would like to have you give me your impressions 
of the officers of the regiment now, after so many years," 
was the next request. He took them up one by one and 
said: 

"Colonel DeHart was with us not quite a j^ear, when 
he went home to take command of the 128th Indiana. 



Interview ivifh Colonel loivlet 



163 




SERGEANT HENRY W. WISE, COMPANY C. 

1862, 



Born November 19, 1839, in Crawford county, Ohio; came to 
Lake county, Indiana, in 1849, and it has been his home ever since. 
Enlisted in Company C in August, 1862, and served through the war. 
From 1884 to 1887 belonged to Third Regt. Indiana Legion. Mar- 
ried Eliza C. Alyea December 25, 1867, and they have two sons and 
two daughters, the youngest being 22 years of age. His ancestry 
were Pennsylvania Dutch; his great grandfather, born in 1751, 
served in the Maryland cavalry during the Revolutionary war. 
His grandfather; born near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in 1786, 
served in the war of 1812. Comrade Wise taught eight terms of 
school in his younger days, but his principal occupation has been 
that of brick and tile making. His regard for his old comrades and 
interest in their welfare is manifest at all times, and he attends all 
the reunions he can. The picture above shows him as he was in the 
army, while the one on page 161 shows him as he is now. 



164 Xeiv History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

He was a good commander, but his ideas and methods of 
discipline were so different from mine that we did not 
always harmonize thoroughly, but I have a kindly re- 
membrance of him yet. 

"Colonel John M. Berke}^ who I always think of as 
Major, the position he held so long, was with me until I 
left the service, and I always got along well with him. 
We were together a great deal, and I liked him and often 
favored him when I could. Speaking of the Major re- 
minds me of an incident that I laughed at him a great 
deal about. The 70th Ohio was a kind of brother regi- 
ment with ours, and they being from Ohio and the 99th 
from Indiana, there was quite a good-natured rivalry 
between them. Our bass drum had given out and I 
authorized the major to get a new bass drum, as he was 
the treasurer of the regimental fund. When he returned 
to camp with it, I was astonished to see an immense 
great drum, and said: 'Major, why in the world did you 
get such a large drum, no one man can handle it and we 
cannot afford to detail two men to carry it.' In a sort of 
apologetic waj' he said, 'Well, I went over and measured 
the bass drum of the 70th Ohio and we cannot afford to 
have a smaller drum than they have, so I bought this 
big one.' The hearty laugh at the major's expense by a 
number who heard his apology was such that he began 
to explain again, but they would not hear him." 

"Captain Farrar, who was so long the captain of 
Company D, and colonel at the time of muster out of 
the regiment, was a man of good mind, a good officer 
and soldier, but not always a pleasant man to get along 
with. I always admired his pluck and determination 
and steady straightforward methods, and had confidence 
in him, even if I did not always agree with him. I 
heard that he once expressed his opinion of General 
Ewing (Hugh) to that officer's face in a very strong way, 
and I have always remembered him kindly for that. I 
am glad to know he yet lives. 

"Captain Powell, of Company I, who became lieuten- 
ant-colonel on the muster out of the regiment, was a 



Interview with Colonel Fowler. 



165 




CORPORAL RODNEY JEGER, COMPANY C. 

1900. 



Born March 21, 1844, in Pennsylvania, parents moving the same 
year to near Brownsburg-, Hendricks countj', Indiana. Enlisted 
in August, 1862, and served in all the campaigns, being slightU' 
wounded May 28, 1864, at . Dallas, but continued until the regiment 
reached East Point after the surrender of Atlanta, when he was 
taken sick and was sent back to the hospital at Nashville, and from 
there was furloughed home. Recovering, he was sent to Chatta- 
nooga and was on guard duty until toward spring, when he joined 
the regiment near Goldsboro, North Carolina, and was mustered out 
with the regiment. Married April 28, 1867, at Lizton. Indiana, and 
engaged in farming and merchandizing. In 1881 was elected treas- 
urer of Hendricks count}', and filled the office with credit and satis- 
faction to the people. In 1889 he moved to Kokomo and engaged in 
the sale of buggies and farming implements. The same year he met 
with a serious accident, having his thigh crushed by the kick of a 
horse which caused him to go on crutches for four years and lamed 
him for life. Is now engaged in the farming implement trade at 
Elwood, Indiana. 



166 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

g'ood man, one of the older men, who went through to the 
end of the service. He was always rather quiet, as I re- 
call him, disposed to do his duty without any flourish. 
I am pleased to hear that he is still alive. 

"Major Homan, the young captain of Company H, I 
remember very well. He got in a tight place at Atlanta 
and with a few others was compelled to surrender. He 
was fortunate in getting exchanged in a short time, how- 
ever. I think he is one of the men who will make his 
way anywhere." 

"By the way, Chaplain," he said, "Is Captain Gwin 
alive yet?" I told him of a visit I made to him at the 
time of the regimental reunion at Brookston, his home, 
two years ago, when he said, "I would like to see the 
old captain to see if he has my 'animiles' yet. When 
we were getting ready to leave Atlanta on the 'march to 
the sea,' I received an order to carefully inspect my reg- 
iment and send back to Chattanooga all men who were 
not fitted for a long march, and if any of them were offi- 
cers to permit them to resign. The captain was one of 
the oflicers-worn down by the long season's campaign, 
and I knew he was not fit for a long march in the winter. 
He felt that way himself and I had a fine jack and jen- 
ney that I had picked up, and so, I proposed in a joking 
way, that I would send him home if he would take these 
animals home with him and keep them until I came home. 
He was delighted with the idea and said, 'Colonel, I'll 
take them 'animiles' home sure.' I knew he could not do 
it, but he was in such dead earnest I concluded to let him 
try it. He got them as far as the Chattahoochie river 
where he left them, and so if I can see him I will ask 
him what he did with my 'animiles,' as he called them in 
his emphatic way. 

"I was sorry when I heard of the death of Surgeon 
Butterworth and Quartermaster Catbcart. I knew the 
doctor and was acquainted with Cathcart's father before 
the war. The doctor was an even tempered, steady sort 
of a man, with a set way of doing things that sometimes 



Interview ivitli Colonel Fowler. 167 

amused me, thoug^h he was very good at detecting- 
whether a man was really sick, or whether he was pre- 
tending to be in order to avoid some disagreeable duty, 
a thing soldiers would sometimes do. His first question 
was, 'What is the matter with you?' and when the sol- 
dier had given his idea of his case, the next was, 'Let me 
see your tongue.' He would then give them a remedy 
and turn to the next. I am indebted to the doctor for 
one favor, the first, and as I recall it, the only pair of 
silk stockings I ever wore. You know how they rushed 
us off, after the retreat of Bragg from Mission Ridge, to 
relieve Burnside at Knoxville. We had been for two 
months on the march from Memphis to Chattanooga, and 
I was entirely without socks except one pair, and they 
needed a good deal of darning to make them wearable, 
and I was not an expert at darning even if I had the 
materials. The doctor somehow got hold of a fine pair 
of silk stockings which he gave to me. I put them on 
and felt more comfortable, if not more proud. 

"I remember well the hospital steward, Martin I. 
Whitman, in fact, all the field and staff non-commis- 
sioned officers, Sergeant-Major Brewer, Quartermaster- 
Sergeant Severance, Commissary-Sergeant Parks, and 
Drum-Major Spaulding. They were all good and faith- 
ful officers. I have learned since the war that a wrong 
was perhaps done to Sergeant Severance. He was sent 
back to Chattanooga after the return from following 
Hood, in charge of some stores, and did not return when 
he was ordered to do so, as the quartermaster reported 
to me, so he was reduced to the ranks, and William T. 
Tubbs, of Company D, appointed in his place. On our 
arrival at Savannah I found myself unable to ride my 
horse on account of weakness in my back, and so I 
accepted the otter of the government in general orders 
to muster out all officers who had served for more than 
three years, and I came home from Savannah, leaving 
the army, so I did not know at the time of the muster 
out whether he had ever given an excuse or not. 



168 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

I then told him that Severance had always claimed 
to me that he was wrong-fully reduced to the ranks, 
quoting him the statement of Severance to me: 

"I was sent to Chattanooga on detail to take the surplus wagon 
train of our brigade there and turn them over and get proper receipts 
for them. Before I could succeed in doing this, all communications 
between Atlanta and Chattanooga were abandoned and I was com- 
pelled to remain there all winter under command of Captain Pinker- 
ton, of the 48th Illinois. "We were sent to Bridgeport and had a 
sorry time of it until spring, when we were ordered to Washington 
where we met our command, and I to find I had been reduced to the 
ranks some four months before. ' ' 

Telling him this I asked, "Do you know anything 
about it?" to which he responded, "Only what I have 
said before. If Severance did not get the order in time 
to return, as he says, before the regiment left Atlanta, I 
have no doubt he was improperly reduced and you ought 
to say so in the new history. Of course no blame can 
attach in any way to Sergeant Tubbs, who took his 
place, for he did his duty in obeying orders to take the 
office." 

This led to a canvas of an event in the history of the 
regiment that was the cause of much speculation then 
and has been since. In the original history of the regi- 
ment on page 20, I saj^: 

' Colonel Fowler and Lieutenant Mackey were arrested and 
court-martialed at this place for not preventing the destruction of 
the goods of some extortionate sutlers. Although beyond their 
power to prevent, and both sick at the time, through some instru- 
mentality, I know not what. Colonel Fowler was suspended from 
command one month and Lieutenant Mackey dismissed the service." 

"Now," I said, "I would like your version of the 
matter." 

"It is a very plain case and of course I remember it. 
I went, as you know, in your company, being quite sick, 
on the train to luka with the convalescents, while the 
regiment marched through. When we got to luka, some 
sutlers had managed, against orders, to get a large 
amount of goods there and were robbing the soldiers 



interview loith Colonel Fowler. 



169 




SERGEANT DAVID STITT, COMPANY I. 

1900. 



Born March 22, 1843, in Athens county, Ohio. Served faithfully 
in Company I during the war, being promoted to corporal April 12, 
1864, and to sergeant August 12, 1864. Three days afterward, Au- 
gust 15th, during the siege of Atlanta he was quite severely 
wounded, but recovered and served until muster of the regiment. 
He was married October 31, 1867, to Harriet A. Lee, and they 
have four children, Stella, Leonard, Bessie and Jesse. He has 
lived in Harrison township, Miami county, Indiana, since the war, 
and his occupation that of farming. Comrade Stitt is a true com- 
rade and always greets his comrades at reunions when he can. His 
address is North Grove, Indiana. In a letter dated May 19, 1900, he 
says: "I met Colonel DeHart the other day and had the pleasure 
of taking the old colonel by the hand and talking with him. He 
looks well and hearty but is getting gray like the rest of us. " 



170 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

without mercy. I sent for one of them and told him his 
prices were outrageous, ten cents for an apple, and 
other thing's in proportion. No change was made, and 
as there were several thousand soldiers there awaiting 
their commands, one night they began a raid on the 
sutlers, who came to me for a guard to protect them. I 
said, 'I have no guard and if I had I would never furnish 
one to protect a man who charges a soldier ten cents for 
an apple.' It was for saying that and refusing to apolo- 
gize for it that I was suspended from command. I 
learned afterward that some of the officers had some 
financial interest in the sutlers' stores and that was 
what made it go so hard with me. Poor Mackey! they 
found some of the goods under his cot where the boys 
had hid them for safety, and that was enough, he had to 
go. I cannot say that I have ever regretted what I did. 
I would say and do the same to-day when I had remon- 
strated with men for such egregious extortion. They 
were sowing to the wind and they had to reap the whirl- 
wind. I might have lost my place in the army, but I 
never could endure to see a mean advantage taken of 
soldiers without helping them rather than the men that 
did it." 

He paused here and came back to the officers, saying: 
"I remember Captain Wells, of Company A, Captain 
Andis, of Company B, he lives not far from Fort Scott; 
the old Captain Ash, of Company E, and Captain Moore, 
his successor. Captain Cochran, of Company F, and the 
tall and short captains of Company G, the tall one 
having a peculiar name and the short one was Thomas, 
I believe. (Captain Worrell, of Company G, was the tall 
man). Captain Myers, of Company I, was a good 
officer, and so was Captain Julian, of Company K. When 
I hear the names I remember them better." 

"How did you come to be appointed colonel of the 
99th?" 

"When the war broke out I was living in South Bend 
and as I had served as sergeant in the regular army for 
four years, I was about the only man in the town with 



Interview with Colonel Fowler. 171 

any military experience, so I at once proceeded to or- 
ganize a company and telegraphed the fact to Governoi' 
Morton and asked for orders. I received orders to hold 
my company at South Bend for further orders. I knew 
that was an impossibility, so I started with my company 
by rail for Indianapolis. In the meantime our represen- 
tative in the legislature told Governor Morton that he 
needed such men as I was, and when I came my company 
was put into camp, and made a company of the 15th In- 
diana Infantry, one of the first three years' regiments 
organized. Shortly after We entered the service I was 
promoted to major and served as such with that regi-^ 
ment until the time of my appointment as coloned of the 
99th. I was in the division of General Thomas J. Wood 
and my knowledge of military life attracted his atten- 
tion and we became friends. One day he received a let- 
ter from Governor Morton, telling him that he wanted 
an officer of experience to command one of the new regi- 
ments organizing in Indiana, and he informed me that he 
had sent in my name as a suitable man. At the time I 
was not well, on account of being thrown from my horse 
on the pursuit of Bragg after his invasion of Kentucky. 
As the result, I was laid up for a week unable to do any- 
thing, and so, went back to Louisville to recuperate. 
While there I saw in the papers that I had been ap- 
pointed colonel of the 99th Indiana. I went at once to 
Indianapolis to see Governor Morton and find out what 
it meant. He said after I introduced the subject: 'Your 
commission is at the adjutant-general's office, you can go 
there and get it.' I did so, went back to my regiment 
and reported to General Wood, who said: 'lam sorry 
to see you go, but I suppose it is for the best.' Ire- 
turned to Louisville and joined the 99th. One of those 
ludicrous things occurred as I rode up to the camp of 
the regiment. None of the men knew me and I had no 
insignia of rank upon me. They had been without any 
wood with which to cook their food and a promise had 
been made that the wood contractor would be there that 
day, and they were anxiously awaiting his coming. 



172 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana. Infantry. 

When I came up they mistook me for the contractor and 
the cry went up all over camp, the wood contractor had 
come. Such was my reception by the reg"iment, and 
when they came to understand their mistake some of the 
officers came to apologize for it, but I told them that 
was unnecessary, it was all rig-ht, and my first act would 
be to see that they had some wood, and I am glad to say 
it soon came." 

In response to the question as to what he thought of 
the officers under whom he served, he said: 

"Sherman was a great general, there is no doubt of 
that, and always had a purpose before him. I was im- 
pressed very much with the fact when we were in the 
pursuit of Hood. I was in command of the brigade and 
we were in the advance. We struck the rear guard of 
Hood's forces about 4 p. m. near Rome and in a most 
favorable position for an attack, but I could not bring on 
an engagement without orders, and learning that Sher- 
man was just a little way from me in the rear, I rode 
back to where he was and told him the situation and 
that we were tired of marching and ready for a fight and 
in a good position to begin it. 'AH right, Colonel, but 
I do not care about fighting Hood here, all I want is to 
get rid of him, I will let Thomas take care of him, and I 
have another use for this army.' I said, 'General, what 
is that"?' He said, 'Say nothing of it now, but you'll 
know in due time.' I found out what he meant when the 
march to the sea began, 

"I think General Logan was a great corps com- 
mander. I shall never forget the way he gave the order 
to General Harrow at Atlanta July 22d. The enemy 
by some means got through our lines at the cut in the 
railroad and part of the division fell back. We were 
looking over the ground when Logan rode up and ad- 
dresing Harrow, said, 'What in h — 1 did you let that line 
fall back for?' To which Harrow responded, 'I couldn't 
help it.' 'Retake the line, retake it, I say, retake it.' 
It was not long until the line was retaken. 



Interview with Colonel Fowler. 173 

"The 'march to the sea,' which was my last campaign, 
could not be better described than it is in the old song", 
'Marching- Through Georgia.' Before we left, all the old 
wagons, both of ours and the Confederate army, were 
gathered up and piled in the great iron depot, as it was 
proposed to destroy everything that could be used by the 
enemy for transportation, by rail or wagon road. When 
this was done it was set on fire and a wonderful fire it 
made; when all the factories where anything in the way 
of army supples could be made, were fired also, it was a 
picture of the destruction that war causes that is as viv- 
idly before my mind to-day as thirty-five years ago. The 
state of Georgia at this time, was largely the supply 
ground of the Confederate army. The Confederate gov- 
ernment had limited the cotton to be planted on each 
plantation to ten acres, while the rest was planted in 
corn, hence it was a great granary and its destruction 
was a blow from which there was no opportunity to re- 
cuperate. Our instructions were to give each person on 
the plantation five bushels of corn and all the rest to be 
destroyed. Every mile of railroad was also destroyed. 
We were allowed only one wagon and two ambulances to 
the regiment. I was permitted to have two pack mules, 
but I took a good milch cow in place of one of them, and 
a negro led and fed that cow all the way, and my mess 
had milk, and it was a great help to us to have plenty of 
fresh milk every day. The old song as I say, told how 
we lived: 

" 'How the darkies shouted when they heard the joyful sound, 
How the turkeys gobbled that our commissary found, 
How the sweet potatoes even started from the ground, 
While we were marching through Georgia.' 

"Every corps had its especial mark so that there was. 
no possibility of confusing trails. Three cuts on a tree 
was our mark, and the others had different marks so that 
a straggling soldier, regiment or brigade would know 
whose trail they were on, or whether they were ahead of 



174 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

the rest. Marchjng' on different roads this was a good 
arrangement. 

" 'So we made a thoroughfare for Freedom and her train, 
Sixty miles in latitude, three hundred to the main, 
While we were marching through Georgia. ' 

"As I grow older I think more and more of the old 
days, and if I live until the next reunion of the regiment 
I will be there. I hope you will publish the history for 
you have a grand story of patriotic service to put upon 
the record." 

I need not say to the members of the old regiment 
that when the colonel took me in his buggy and drove 
me to the depot at Bronson, after a visit of two days, 
that it was a joy to live over the old life with him again 
who had so thoroughly linked the name and fame of 
Fowler with the 99th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 



CHAPTER XXIV. 

SKETCHES OF COMRADES. 

The sketches that follow are many of them imperfect, 
but they are the best I can make with the data at hand. 
I would have been glad to include many more but they 
have not sent me the means of doing so. 

Ash, Daniel, captain of Company E. Born August 31, 1819, in 
"Wayne county, Ohio. Married in 1842, in Marshall county, to Rachel 
Turner, and has three children living. He entered the service 
as captain of Company E, but his health failing April 24, 1863, he re- 
signed and returned to Morocco, Indiana, where he has resided ever 
since the war. He has now retired from active pursuits and is mak- 
ing his home at Morocco with his youngest son. He was a good man 
but could not endure the hardships of the service. 

Allbaugh, David, Compauy I. Born March 12, 1841, in Miami 
county, Ohio; entered the service in August, 1862; was discharged 
February 10, 1865, on account of wounds received at Atlanta Julj' 22, 



Sketches of Comrades. 175 

1865. Was married April 19, 1866. Had one son, his wife dying in 
1867. Married again May 7, 1872; his wife and one daughter are 
now living. Has lived for the last thirty years at Eaton, Ohio, 
which is his address. His occupation is that of a farmer. 

Alley, George H., Company B. Born in Rush county, Indiana, 
November 17, 1841. Was a faithful soldier; was wounded May 28, 
1864, at Dallas, but recovered. Since the war, has lived in Califor- 
nia, Oregon and Washington. Has a wife and five children. Pres- 
ent address, Goldeudale, Washington. 

Alley, John M., Company B. Was 1st sergeant to October 31, 
1864, and 1st lieutenant April 27, 1865. Born in Rush county, Indi- 
ana, January 29, 1836. He served intelligently and taithfully 
through the service. Since the war he has lived in California and 
Oregon. He has a wife and two children and his present address 
is Nehalem, Tillamook county, Oregon. 

Ashcraft, Salem C, Company B. Born January 27, 1836; mar- 
ried September 12, 1858; wife died August 16, 1877. Served through 
the war. Has six children living. Address, Philadelphia, Indiana. 

Ball, Lafayette, Company K. Born July 24, 1843, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania; brought to Cass county by his parents in 
1844, where he has always resided, except while in the service; 
was married in 1870; has wife and three children; served through 
the war; has always been afarmer. Address, Logansport, Indiana. 

Brunton, Cyrus, Company E. Born September 17, 1841, in Tip- 
pecanoe county, Indiana; served through the war. Married Novem- 
ber 8, 1866, at Morocco, Indiana, near which place he lives with his 
family on a farm, which is his occupation. Address, Morocco, 
Indiana. 

Berry, Meshack, Company K. Born March 31, 1836, in Cass 
•county, Indiana; married June 9, 1861. Served through the war; 
has lived in Cass county since the war. Address, Anoka, Cass 
county, Indiana. 

Beeker, Manford A., Company F. Born January 15, 1843, Tip- 
pecanoe county, Indiana. Served through the war. Married Septem- 
ber 4, 1867; has lived ever since at his present home on Pretty Prairie, 
Tippecanoe county, Indiana. Has a wife and four children liv- 
ing. Occupation has always been that of farming and stock raising. 
Address, Battle Ground, Indiana. 

Brewer, Jacob, captain Company C. Born September 4, 1817; 
came to Porter county, Indiana, in 1836, where he lived and labored 
at the blacksmith trade until he entered service at Valparaiso, In- 
diana. On the organization of Company C he was chosen captain, 
•but he was too advanced in years to endure the hardships of a sol- 



176 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

dier's life, and on account of ill health was compelled to resign May 
7, 1863, and return to his home in Valparaiso. He suffered greatly 
for many years before his death with the rheumatism; being unable 
to walk he moved from place to place and about the house in a. 
wheeled chair. He died at Valparaiso April 15, 1887. He had two- 
boys who served their country faithfully during the war, one of them^ 
Winfield, being a drummer in the 99th and serving through the entire 
war, being but a boy of fourteen when he entered the service. 

Brownell, Ezra, corporal of Company A. Born in Schoharie^ 
New York, December 25, 1838. Enlisted from Lake county, Indiana, 
and served through the war. Lived in Lake county after the war 
until 1875, when he moved to Madison county, Iowa, where he has^ 
since resided. Has been twice married; first in February, 1866, and 
has three children, Frank, Fred, and Otto. Comrade Brownell ha& 
always kept in touch with his comrades, attending reunions when. 
he could. He has been a farmer but is retired at present. Ad- 
dress, Winterset, Iowa. 

Breyfogle, Michael J., Company C. Born November 15, 1840^ 
in Ohio; his parents came to Porter county, Indiana, in 1846, where 
he enlisted in 1862, and served through the war. Married January 
1, 1861, at Valparaiso, to Miss Lavina Fisher, and they have seven, 
children living. Their first child, born January 8, 1862, died while 
the father was in camp at Scottsboro. He went back to Porter 
county after the war, but in 1866, moved to Grant county, Wisconsin f 
in 1871 from there to Lincoln county, Dakota; in 1875 from there to 
Buchanan county, Iowa; in 1886 to Delaware county, where he now 
resides. A true soldier and comrade. Address, Masonville, Iowa. 

Cook, Charles N., Company K. Born in Williamstown, Berk- 
shire county, Massachusetts, and enlisted August 18, 1862, and went 
through all the campaigns up to November 8, 1864, when being sick, 
it was decided he was unable to make the "march to the sea," so- 
was sent to hospital to recover. He was sent from one to another 
and was finally discharged July 8, 1865, from hospital on Davis- 
Island, in Long Island Sound. After discharge came back to Lo- 
gansport, Indiana, and settled about five miles north of that city^ 
where he now owns and lives on a farm. He was married in Febru- 
ary, 1866, and now has a family of three children, and five grand- 
children. Comrade Cook is a good christian man, respected by all,, 
and loves his old comrades Address, Logansport, Indiana. 

Crane, Thomas J., sergeant Company H. Born in Browm 
county, Ohio; married October 2, 1861, in Perry township, Boone 
county, Indiana; has wife and six children living. Served through 
the war and has lived near Lebanon, Boone county, Indiana, his- 
present address, since the war; engaged in farming. Served three 
months in the 7th Indiana Regiment, Company A, in the three 



Sketches of Comrades. 177 

months' service. Was captured near Wyatt, Mississippi, in April, 
1863; was taken by way of Atlanta to Libby prison at Richmond; 
was exchanged and returned to the regiment at Black River, Missis- 
sippi, and was with the company to the end of the war. 

Cathcart, James L., quartermaster. Born March 29, 1841, in 
LaPorte county, Indiana; entered the service in August, 1862, and 
appointed William N. Severance and Alva B. Parks, two very com- 
petent men as his sergeants. He served through the war, and this 
history will give sketches of him and his sergeants and wagonmas- 
ters at various periods of their service. H. H. Haskins, Frank Til- 
lotson, John Hale, and Edwin Michael were at different times con- 
nected with this department. While on leave of absence at home in 
September, 1863, he married Miss Emma Hixon, at Westville, Indi- 
ana. Both of them have passed away. Comrade Cathcart dying in 
1888. They left some children I believe, who live at the old home 
near Westville, Indiana. 

Clegg, Hiram B., Company F. Born October 8, 1831, in Sidney, 
Ohio. Served faithfully through the war in Company F, enlisting 
from Tippecanoe county, Indiana, which has been his home since 
the war. Married January 1, 1866. Occupation, teaming. Ad- 
dress, West Lafayette, Indiana. 

Dickinson, Thomas, Company A. Born May 7, 1844, in Harri- 
son township, Carroll county, Ohio. Enlisted in Company A, and 
served through the war. Address, Lowell, Indiana. 

Dutton, George C. , sergeant Company A. Born January 28, 
1828, at Middleburg, New York. Enlisted in Company A, and 
served faithfully for more than a year when his health failed 
and he was discharged at Camp Sherman, Mississippi, September 
5, 1863. Lived in Lake county after the war until 1878, and since 
that time has lived in Dawson county, Nebraska. His wife is dead 
but he has four living children. A good, christian man, his influ- 
ence has alwas been on the right side. Address, Cozad, Nebraska. 

Dodge, Paul, Company A. Born September 19, 1844, in Lake 
county, Indiana. Moved to Kankakee, Illinois, when ten years of 
age; enlisted in August, 1861, in Company D, 43d Illinois Infantry; 
discharged in August, 1862; enlisted the same month in Company A, 
99th Indiana; served during the war as musician of Company A; 
after the war went to Michigan, married March 18, 1866; has a wife 
and four children living. Comrade Dodge was one of the men bap- 
tized in Wolf river, Tennessee, in the spring of 1863. He is re- 
spected by all his comrades as a good, true man. Address, Hesperia, 
Michigan. 

Dorman, Ricliard T., Company H. Born April 10, 1843, at 
Brighton, Sussex county, England. Came to America when young, 



178 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




QUARTERMASTER-SERGEANT WM. N. SEVERANCE. 

1900. 



Born February 21, 1836, at Fort Ann, New York. Came to 
South Bend, Indiana, in 1852, where he was a law student when the 
war broke out. He was acting quartermaster at South Bend fair 
grounds, assisting the ladies of that city, Mrs. Dwight Deming 
Mrs. Farnham. Mrs. E. V. Clark, and others, in providing for the 
needs of the soldiers there, so that he became familiar with the work 
and was appointed by Lieutenant Cathcart as his quartermaster- 
sergeant, and served as such until the close of the Atlanta cam- 
paign, (see page 168). He rode a little black mare called "Kitty" 
that was well known to all the members of the regiment. He was a 
thorough business man and prompt and efficient in his place. Since 
the war he has resided in Minnesota most of the time, where he has 
taken a prominent part in political affairs as a republican politi- 
cian. He is at present in Washington, D. C. for a short time seeking 
a position there. He ought to have a good place. The author had a 
pleasant visit with him there last month. He helped me very much 
in my work in the army, and all his old comrades remember him as 
a good true man. Address, Appleton, Minnesota. 



Sketches of Comrades. 179 

and enlisted August, 1862, near Pittsboro, Indiana, and served until 
close of war, being wounded May 28, 1864, at Dallas. Came home 
and settled at Pittsboro, where he is engaged in the business of a 
general merchant. He was married February 28, 1872, to Miss Se- 
rilda J. Dillon, and they have a fine family of seven boys and two 
girls. Comrade Dorman, like all the rest, takes pride in the record 
of the old regiment of which he was a part. Address, Pittsboro, 
Indiana. 

Fishel, Jacob, Company K. Born in Johnson county, Indiana. 
Married in 1866, in Brown county, and has a family of ten children. 
Has been a farmer all his life. Address, Exchange, Morgan 
count}', Indiana. 

Qaskill, Adam J., Company H. Born August 28, 1843, near 
Waynesville, Ohio. Served through the war in Company H. After 
the war lived in Boone county, Indiana, until 1870, when he moved 
to Franklin county, Kansas, where he has lived ever since. Mar- 
ried Jul}' 30, 1867, to Harriet Loop, and they have seven children. 
One son, Frank M., served in Company K, of the 20th Kansas, in 
the Philippines, and is now 2d lieutenant in Troop A, of the 11th 
Cavalry. Comrade Gaskill is engaged in farming and contracting. 
Address, Ottawa, Kansas. 

Hicks, John A., Company C. Born September 6, 1840; has wife 
and two children; occupation, that of a farmer, but has retired and 
is now living in Valparaiso, Indiana. Comrade Hicks was con- 
nected with the hospital department of the regiment during most of 
the war, and was a faithful assistant to Dr. Butterworth and Hospi- 
tal-Steward Whitman. 

Hicks, William T., Company C. Born May 3, 1842, at Brook- 
lyn, New York; served through the war. Married November 12, 
1865; has a family, a wife and four children. Since the war, has 
lived near Valparaiso, Indiana, which is his present address. 

Harvey, John, 1st lieutenant Company D. Born in Scotland 
September 7, 1830; was living at Peru and entered the service as 
sergeant of Company D, and promoted to 1st sergeant, and May 21, 
1865, was appointed and mustered as 1st lieutenant, and was mus- 
tered out with the regiment. He was very severely wounded in the 
hip July 22d, at Atlanta, and did not recover sufficiently to be able 
to join his company until at Raleigh, April 21, 1865. He was faith- 
ful as a soldier, but his present address is to me unknown. 

Julian, George W., captain Company K. Born June 12, 1832, 
in Fayette county, Indiana; his father moved to Logansport, Cass 
county, when he was 1 year of age; his father died when Captain 
Julian was 13 years of age, and he became in a measure, the sup- 
port of his mother and the family of eight young children; he at- 



180 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 







f^-- 




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JESSE H. TRAUT, COMPANY A. 

1900. 



Born October, 6, 1832, at Girard,. Erie county, Pennsylvania. 
Married November 12, 1854, at McKean, Pennsylvania, to Lavina 
Scott. Has a family of two sons and tw^o daughters, all married and 
have families of their ow^n. He moved to Lake county, Indiana, in 
1858, where he enlisted August 9, 1862, in Company A. Went with 
the regiment through all the campaigns and was severely wounded 
at Dallas, May 28, 1864. After the war he returned to Girard and 
has resided there ever since, engaged in lumber business, farming, 
and freighting for a wrench factory. Has been fairly successful, and 
says: "Have retired from business at present and am trying to take 
life easy." Has filled a number of local offices, being at present 
borough auditor, also trustee, steward and treasurer of the Metho- 
dist church. Although somewhat separated from his comrades, he 
has not forgotten them or the old days. Address, Girard, Erie 
county, Pennsylvania. 



Sketches of Comrades. 181 

tended the seminary in Logansport, an institute in White county 
and the Indiana State University, and then studied law with Judge 
Stuart, of Logansport. In 1859 he spent a year at Pike's Peak; on 
a final organization of his company he was appointed captain in 
May, 1863, and was with all the campaigns of that regiment until 
after the fall at Atlanta, when he resigned and came home. He re- 
turned to Cass county and was a useful citizen and honorable maa 
up to the time of his death, which occurred in 1897, near Logans- 
port. He leaves a family. The comrades who knew him will al- 
ways pay a tribute to his memory while they live. 

Julius, Jacob H., Company B. Born in Pittsylvania county, 
Virginia, September 1, 1840. Served faithfully through the war and 
since coming home has lived in Henry, Madison and Tipton coun- 
ties, Indiana, nearly all the time in Tipton county, where he owns 
a small farm about two miles north of Hobbs, which is his address. 
Comrade Julius has been three times married, and is living at 
present with his third wife. 

Kendle, James H., Company K. Born January 25, 1844, at 
Logansport, Indiana; served through the war; w^^s wounded by the 
explosion of a shell at Kenesaw Mountain; sent to the Marietta 
hospital where he recovered. Was married in 1858, his wife dying 
three years after; married again his present wife, who is still living. 
He is by occupation a painter and paper-hanger. Has pleasant 
home at No. 3712 Harmon street, Marion, Indiana. 

Landis, Solomon A., Company I. Born April 20, 1848, in Mi- 
ami county, Indiana. He was known by every man in the 99th as 
"Dixie" or "Little Dixie," and was one of the youngest soldiers, if 
not the youngest, who was regularly enlisted and served four years, 
or during the entire war. He enlisted in Company F, 16th Indiana, 
for one year, in May, 1861, being 13 years and 1 month old. Served 
his time out with that regiment being mustered out August 8, 1862, 
and two days afterward re-enlisted in Company I, and served with 
the regiment until the close of the war. In November, 1865, after his 
discharge, he entered the regular army in the 8th Cavalry, rising to 
2d lieutenant of scouts in two years, by service in California and 
Idaho. He resigned in November, 1868, and has since been engaged 
in business and is now, and has been for j^ears, the manager of the 
Oregon School Supply House, at Albany, Oregon. He has been 
twice married and has six children. He was one of the best for- 
agers in the regiment. He says: "I was always looking for some- 
thing to eat that was good, but I never missed a fight or march, or 
shirked a trick on picket duty." 

Loux, Charles L., Company C. Born October 1, 1838, in Cass 
county, Michigan. Married December 7, 1865; has a family. Has 
lived since the war, part of the time in Indiana and part of the time 



182 New History of the Ninetij- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




CALVIN SPURGEON, COMPANY 1. 

1863. 



Born December 19, 1838, in Henry county, Virginia. Came to 
Indiana when young. Enlisted in Company I and served through 
all the campaigns of the regiment. Married July 14, 1867, and has 
a family of two boys and three girls. Has lived since the war in 
Howard county, Indiana, on a farm. The above picture is one taken 
in 1863 in Tennessee, and he is not greatly changed from it now^ 
only as age shows itself. Faithful in war, he is a true comrade in 
time of peace. Address, Sycamore, Howard county, Indiana. 



Sketches of Comrades. 183 

in Kansas, engaged in farming. Served through the war; was cor- 
poral, sergeant, first sergeant and on muster out commissioned 2d 
lieutenant. Address, Westmoreland, Kansas. 

Linderman, Christopher H., Company K. Born February 2d, 
1824, in Germany; served through the war. Has lived mostly in 
Kansas since the war. Died February 8, 1900, leaving a wife and 
eight children, all of whom are married. The address of the wife 
and family is St. John, Kansas. 

Lambert, John T., Company G. Born May 31, 1840, in Hendricks 
county, Indiana; served with the regiment through the war. Mar- 
ried in 1861; has wife and six children living; occupation, a farmer. 
Address, Alaska, Morgan county, Indiana. 

Long, Jeremiah F., Company I. Born in 1837 in Tennessee; 
married in 1869; has wife and family. Lived seven years in Indi- 
ana after the war and the rest of the time in Kansas. Occupation 
that of a laborer. Address, Louisburg, Miami county, Kansas. 

Moore, Thomas C, Company E. Born February 17, 1833, near 
Greensboro, Indiana. Has been twice married but both wives are 
dead, the last one dying in 1898; he has three children and is mak- 
ing his home with a married daughter, Mrs. E. O. Herath, at Brook, 
Indiana. Kentland has been his home for many years, his occupa- 
tion being that of a carpenter. He served faithfully during the war. 

nichael, Edwin, Company A. Born in Lake county, Indiana, 
September 17, 1840; family moved to Westville, Indiana, in 1856, 
where he lived four years attending school and teaching part of the 
time. The family moved back to the farm in West Creek, Lake 
county, and in the summer of 1862 he enlisted in Company A; was 
one of the sergeants and went with the regiment through all its ser- 
vice. He returned to the farm and was married January 1, 1866, to 
Miss Thirza H. Dyer, of Wheaton, 111. They have five children) 
four girls and one bo^'. He is still on the farm, and his address is 
Lowell, Indiana. 

flyers, William, Company F. Born October 24, 1834, in Ger- 
many; enlisted August, 1862, and served through the war. Married 
January 13, 1867, at Michigan City, Indiana; has family of four 
boys and three girls; has lived in Carroll county, Indiana, since the 
war. Is by occupation a farmer. Address, Pittsburg, Indiana. 

McQregor, John C, lieutenant Company K. Born April 21, 
1845, near Zanesville, Ohio; came to Cass county with his parents 
in 1849; worked on the farm until the war began; enlisted in 1861 in 
a Missouri regiment and was in campaign with Generals Lyon and 
Fremont; was engaged in battle at Wilson Creek, August 10, 1861, 
where General Lyon was killed; was also in the engagement at Pea 
Ridge, March 8, 1862, after which he was discharged and returned 



184 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




COLONEL ALEXANDER FOWLER. 

At various places in the body of this history will be found inci- 
dents of Colonel Fowler's history, so I need only make a short 
sketch of his life since the war. At its close, in partnership with 
two other gentlemen, he went down on the Arkansas river and raised 
a crop of cotton, making- a great strike in a financial way. The 
next year, just as they were ready to pick the cotton, the levee above 
them broke and their cotton went down the river and all was a total 
loss. His money gone, he returned to South Bend and sold his 
property there for $2,000, and with that as his capital, went into the 
lumber business at Fort Scott, Kansas, in 1868. He did well and 
made money until the grasshoppers came and ate Kansas up. 
Lumber sales stopped as well as collections, and although he 
owned fifteen houses in Fort Scott, he could not get enough out of 
them to pay the taxes. He tfaded them the next year for a farm 
about fifteen miles northwest of Fort Scott and went out there and 
engaged in farming. 

He began gradually to increase his possessions year by year as 
corn began to grow again, and went into raising hogs until he began 
to feel his head above water again. When he had reached his 
highest point, and his own corn and all he could buy was in a fine 
drove of hogs about ready for the market, in steps the cholera and 
every hog had to be buried instead of sold. Nothing discouraged, 
he went into raising and feeding cattle for a number of years until 
he found himself with a good farm well stocked and three thousand 
dollars of surplus cash in the bank. This he decided to use in 
building him a pleasant house, which he proceeded to do, but a few 
days after it was finished and the family had moved into it, it 



Sketdies of Comrades. 



185 



caught fire and was burned to the ground, a total loss without 
insurance, and he had to go back to the old house and begin anew. 
The next year he built him another house, and at this date, Decem- 
ber, 1899, has a very ii^ood house and about 1,000 acres of land with 
a very small indebtedness upon it. 

Colonel Fowler has been four times married. (Seepage 48 for an 
account of his first and second marriages.) The daughter by the 
first wife, spoken of then, is dead, the other, the "war babe," as 
she was called, is now Mrs. Julia Fowler Cover, who lives at River- 
side, California. Her picture will appear in this volume. He 
moved to Fort Scott, Kansas, in 1868, where his second wife died in 
1873. In 1874 he married Mrs. Lucinda Moody, of Kansas City, by 
whom he had four children that are yet living. Shedied in 1886, and 
in 1887 he married his present wife, by whom he has one child. He 
is a great man for home, and is happy in his domestic relations. 
His address is Bronson, Kansas. 




JULIA FOWLER COVER. 

1900. 

Born in South Bend, Indiana, in June, 1861, the daughter of 
•Colonel Alexander and Julia Cummings Fowler. Her home is at 
Riverside, California, and has been since 1877. Her husband is a 
veteran soldier and she is a great friend of the soldiers, an active 
worker in the Womans' Relief Corps, and as she has taken so much 
■interest in this history I thought all would like to see her picture, as 
it resembles the colonel as he was when we knew him in days of old. 



186 Neiv History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infa7it7'y. 







* 



1899, 



Born September 25, 1826, in Jefferson county, New York. Came- 
to Indiana in 1846, having alway resided at Peru, Indiana, since 
1852. Studied law in Rochester, New York, and has been in part- 
nership with his brother, Hon. John L. Farrar, at Peru for over 
forty years. He recruited Company D, and was chosen captain and 
was with the regiment from the beginning to the end of its service. 
Being of a quiet, conservative disposition, and not self-assertive, he 
is one of the men who perhaps never received the credit that was due 
him. He was in command of the regiment on the reconnoisance to 
Dalton and Rocky Face in February, 1864, and commanded the 99th 
in some difficult places. He was in command of the brigade skirm- 
ishers on July 22d at Atlanta, and was second in command on 
July 28th, He advanced the Fifteenth Corps' skirmish line August 
3d, the day that Major Brown, 70th Ohio, was killed, and commanded 



Sketches of Comrades-. 187 

the regiment during one of the most trying weeks of the siege of 
Atlanta, while Colonel Berkey was sick and Colonel Fowler on 
leave. He commanded the regiment during the march through the 
Carolinas and to the end of service. On May 20, 1865, he was mus- 
tered as lieutenant-colonel and on muster out was commissioned as 
colonel. 

Since the war he has been actively engaged in the practice of 
law and has gained a high standing as a lawyer, the firm of Farrar 
& Farrar is well known through central Indiana. The colonel is 
domestic in his tastes, loving his family. He lost a lovely daughter, 
Maude, a j'oung lady of much worth, about ten years ago, and he 
has never ceased to lament her loss. Although well along in life, 73 
years of age, he still carries himself erect as of old. The picture on 
page 7 was taken in 1862 instead of 1865, as given there. 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL RICHARD P. DE HART. 

Born in Warren county, Ohio, January 1, 1836. Came to Indi- 
ana in 1855, taught school and studied law, doing the professional 
reading in the office of H. P. Biddle, of Logansport. In 1858 was 
elected prosecuting attorney and soon gained a reputation as a 
lawyer. In 1860 was elected to the Indiana state senate, where he 
served through the scenes of 1860 and 1861, in the trying times. In 
the summer of 1861 he enlisted as a private soldier and was com- 
missioned as adjutant of the 46th Indiana regiment September 18, 
1861. He served with that regiment at New Madrid, Island No 10, 
Fort Pillow and Memphis until 1862, when he was promoted and 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 99th. He served through the 
Vicksburg and Jackson campaigns, when he was detailed in Sep- 
tember, 1863, on recruiting service in Indiana. He spent the winter 
in recruiting, and on the 1st of March, 1864, was commissioned 
colonel of the 128th Indiana infantry, which he took to the front under 
General Hovey. On the Atlanta campaign his regiment served with 
credit. On that campaign, June 6, 1864, he was very seriously 
wounded and was brought home to Lafayette, Indiana, where he 
finally recovered, but not sufficiently for field duty, so he was 
detailed on the military commission to try the Indiana conspirators. 
At the close of these trials, the war being over, he was mustered out 
of the service April 28, 1865. He began the practice of law in the 
city of Lafayette, Indiana, where he still resides. He is a fine 
orator with a pleasing address, and has been connected with some of 
the most famous cases tried in Indiana. As a criminal lawyer he 
has few equals. He is a man of small stature but of excellent 
physique and a very sinewy frame. His address is Lafayette, 
Indiana. 



188 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN M. BERKEY. 



1900. 



Born January 16, 1834, in Somerset, Ohio. In 1849 he went to 
Columbus and served three years as an apprentice at carriage 
smithing-. Went to school at Tiffin two years. In 1854 moved to 
Monticello, Indiana, where he went to school, taught, and engaged 
in the grocery and hardware business until the war broke out, in the 
meantime marrying the daughter of Captain Irons, a well known 
citizen of White county. His military record is as follows: 

Entered service as private and elected second lieutenant of 
Company G, 46th Indiana, October 4, 1861; sent to Kentucky Decem- 
ber 11, 1861; ordered to Converce, Mo., Februarj- 16, 1862; siege oper- 
ations against New Madrid March 5-14; against Island No. 10, 
March 16th to April 8th; expedition to Fort Pillow April 13-17; re- 
signed May 6, 1862. Re-entered service as first lieutenant and 
adjutant 99th Indiana, August 30, 1862; promoted to major October 
18, 1862, to lieutentant-colonel March 2, 1864; resigned January 8, 
1865, and honorably discharged from service. He was with the regi- 
ment in all its campaigns until it reached Savannah, being in com- 
mand of the regiment at the battle on the 28th of July and other 
times. He had a great deal to do with the organization of the regi- 
ment, and his former experience gave him an advantage that made 
him a great help at South Bend and Indianapolis. When the regi- 
ment was divided on two boats going down from Louisville he had 
charge of one of the boats. His record will be found in the history 
of the regiment. 



Sketches of Comrades. 189 

After the war he went to Denver, Colorado, in 1870, and has 
lived there ever since, and has been eng-ag;ed in the real estate busi- 
ness to the present time. His business address is 1653 Champa 
street. The picture on page 5 shows him as he was in the war 
days; the above shows him when the years have taken his hair 
away, 'at the age of 66. He served his country faithfully and has 
never forgotten through all the years the tie that binds him to his 
comrades of the old regiment. He attended the reunion at Crown 
Point in 1890, and all were delighted to see him. 



SERGEANT-MAJOR HARRY BREWER. 

Born January 27, 1844, in Essex county, England. His parents 
moved to America when he was five years of age, settling in New 
York, where they remained one year and then moved to St. Charles, 
Illinois, and lived five years and then moved to Hammond, Indiana, 
where they resided, and Harry, at the age of eighteen years, enlisted 
in Company A. He was appointed by Colonel Fowler as his 
orderly, and on a promotion of Sergeant-Major McGlashon, he was 
made sergeant-major. He filled the position with ability, being 
acquainted with all the parts of the business belonging to the regi- 
ment. After the war he was married at the age of twenty-five. He 
had one son and one daughter. The son is now thirty-one years old, 
married, and has a wife and son, three years old. The girl grew 
up to be twenty years of age, an accomplished young lady, when she 
was stricken with typhoid fever and died. His first wife died in 
1885 with consumption. He married again in 1891, and his second 
wife died of a cancer in 1898. He worked in Springfield, Illinois, 
on the Wabash railway as fireman and engineer for five years; in a 
flour mill in Springfield for three years, when he went to California 
and went into the freight department of the Southwestern Pacific 
Company in 1876 and has been in their employ ever since, being very 
well pleased with his situation. He says: "I expect to stay here 
until I get too old to be of any use to them, when I will have to stop 
and wait for the summons that comes to us all." He says: "I have 
had fairly good health, not having lost more than two months in 
twenty-five years on account of sickness. I have never made much 
money, but have always had enough to take care of my own and 
have much to be thankful for." He has been identified in various 
ways with the Grand Army of the Republic, having served two or 
three terms as sergeant-major and three terms a adjutant of Lincoln 
Post No. 1 of the G. A. R., Department of California, and now holds 
the position of special aid to the commander-in-chief and is entitled 
to wear the yellow badge ribbon of the order. All the members of 
the old regiment knew him and they all remember Harry yet. He 
was a good penman and a good companion and a faithful soldier. 
Address, 118 Shotwell street, San Francisco, California. 



190 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




MAJOR JOSEPH B. HOMAN. 

1863. 



Born September 16, 1838, in Hendricks county, Indiana, where 
he was reared and which has ever since been his home, and where he 
is to-day recognized as one of the most prominent citizens in business, 
politics and in other ways. He served in the three months' service 
in the 7th Indiana. On being- mustered out he went to Iowa and as- 
sisted in recruiting a company, which was called D and assigned to 
the 13th Iowa, in which he was appointed 1st lieutenant. He com- 
manded his company at Shiloh, losing nineteen men out of sixty-four 
engaged. " Being wounded himself he received leave of absence, came 
back to his home in Indiana and recruited Company H, of the 99th, of 
which he was appointed captain, and was mustered out, in conse- 
quence, of the 13th Iowa. • He commanded his company until Decem- 
ber 23, 1863, when he was detailed as assistant inspector-general of 
the brigade, and served in that capacity until July 12, 1864, being 
in the meantime given the rank of brevet-major. He joined the regi- 
ment and took part in the battle of July 22d when he was taken pris- 
oner and held as such until September 28th, when he was ex- 
changed. Took command of the regiment at the Hood pursuit, after 
which he received leave of absence and came home, and December 
26, 1864, having served over three and one-half years, was honora- 
bly mustered out of the service. He was married in March, 1865, in 
Danville, Indiana, and has a wife and one son, also married. He, 
calls himself a farmer, and he does considerable in that line, but 
his business interests in other ways take much of his attention. He 
has a delightful home and enjoys life, his principal recreation being 
as an active worker in the councils of the Republican party of the 
state and nation. He has not changed very much in looks from the 
picture above, which was taken in the army. 



Sketches of Comrades. 191 

to Indiana. Enlisted in Company K, and was made sergeant and 
■discharged the duties of first sergeant most of the time; received a 
commission as 2d lieutenant a short time before the company was 
mustered out. It was dated May 1, 1864, but he did not get it until 
June, 1865, so that he had no benefit of it. Since the war he studied 
and is practicing law at Logansport, Indiana; was elected judge 
of the court in 1875, by the unanimous consent of all the people, 
being supported by both parties; he filled the office for four years; is 
at present engaged in the practice of law at Logansport, Indiana. 

McMillen, Alexander H., Company I. Born June 19, 1844, in 
Pennsylvania. Enlisted in Miami county, Indiana, 1862, and 
served through the war. Married December 9, 1874, at Peru, Indi- 
ana, and has a family of six children. Has lived in Miami and 
Cass counties and has been engaged in farming. Address, Nevsr 
Waverly, Cass county, Indiana. 

McGlashon, Lorenzo D., adjutant. Born April 12, 1843, at 
Chagrin Falls, Ohio. His father moved to Crown Point in 1846. He 
-entered Company A and was appointed sergeant-majar, but October 
5, 1863, was promoted to adjutant and served as such to the close of 
the war, being slightly wounded July 22d, at Atlanta. Colonel 
Fowler speaks very highly of him in his interview. The last report 
I had of him was that he was a civil engineer at DeSoto, Missouri. 
I have never seen or heard from him since the war. 

Mackey, William, first lieutenant Company C. Born March 24, 
1830, in Ohio; grew to manhood in Logan county, Ohio, where he 
taught school for several years. Married March 13, 1855, to Miss 
Elizabeth Gregg, at Bellefontaine, Ohio, and moved to Porter county, 
Indiana. In the spring of 1866 he went to Kansas, residing at Cha- 
nute and Fort Scott for a short time; in the fall of 1867 he went to 
Pleasanton, Lynn county, where he resided until November, 1899, 
when he moved to Wahita, Oklahoma, where he now resides. 

P. S. Just as we are ready to send this sketch to the printer, 
word comes that he died suddenly, May 14th, and was buried at 
Pleasanton, his old home, on Wednesday, May 15, 1900. Thus pas- 
ses away a man who suffered a great wrong. The paper at Pleas- 
anton says of him: "He was an active, honorable, upright citizen." 

riorris, George S., Company B. Born September 7, 1843, in 
Hancock county, Indiana. Enlisted in April, 1861, in 8th Indiana 
Volunteers, Company E, and discharged in the autumn of 1862, on 
account of small pox. Enlisted in March, 1864, as a recruit in Com- 
pany B and served to close of war, a faithful soldier. He has been a 
great sufferer for years from the exposure of army life. His address 
is Jonesboro, Grant county, Indiana. 

Moore, Samuel, captain of Company E. Born in 1839, in Jen- 
nings county, Indiana. Served three months in 9th Indiana. En- 



192 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




JEREMIAH WOODS, COMPANY B. 

1900. 

Note.— Have no sketch of Comrade Woods, but he served in all the campaigns 
of the regiment, and his address is Knightstown, Indiana. 



tered the 99th Indiana as 1st lieutenant of Company E, and was pro- 
moted to captain May 10, 1863. He commanded company until close 
of Atlanta campaign, when he came home on leave of absence and 
could not join the regiment until the arrival at Goldsboro, North Car- 
olina. He received a commission as major at muster out of regiment. 
Of his life since the war I have no data, only that he owns and is 
living on a ranch near Loveland, Colorado, which is his address. 

Nibarger, Harrison J., Company B. Born December 13, 1843, in 
Hancock county, Indiana; served through the war, being wounded 
August 26, 1864, near Atlanta but recovered. Married September 
28, 1865, and they have a family of three children. Has lived in 
Hancock and Henry counties, Indiana, since the war. Address,. 
Knightstown, Indiana. 

Nibarger, John, corporal Company B. Born June 24, 1843, in 
Hancock county, Indiana. Served faithfully through the war in 
Company B. After the war settled in Jay county, where he wa& 
married March 1, 1866, to Miss Mary L. McKinney. He has a 
small farm on which he lives. Address, Redkey, Indiana. 



Sketches of Comrades. 193 

Norris, George W., captain Company D. Born December 18, 
1830, at Dayton, Ohio. Came to Peru, Indiana, in 1859. Was 1st 
sergeant to January 1, 1863, 2d lieutenant to August 22, 1863, 1st 
lieutenant to May 30, 1865; then captain to muster out. He was 
faithful and a good officer. His present address is unknown. 

Overstreet, Aaron, Company G. Born January 19, 1826, in 
Casey county, Kentucky; came from there to Hendricks county, In- 
diana, in 1853, and has resided there ever since. He was a faithful 
soldier all through with Company G, being mustered out with the 
regiment as corporal. Comrade Overstreet has a wife and family, 
and though the weight of years is fast coming upon him he is proud 
of the record of the old daj^s, and loves his comrades. Address, 
Liztou, Indiana. 

Parsons, John F., Company H. Born in 1836, in Hendricks 
county, Indiana; entered the service as 1st lieutenant in Company 
H, and held the position until his death which occurred March 26, 

1863, at Fort Fowler, Tennessee. Among the soldiers who gave 
their lives for their country, there were few worthy of more respect 
and honor than Lieutenant Parsons; even yet there is in all the 
hearts of the old comrades a mingling of sorrow and regret at his 
untimely death. 

Pingrey, James M., Company F. Born in February, 1837; has 
five children, two girls and three boys living; was a good soldier 
and says he is happy to think that he is still alive. Address, Mon- 
ticello, Indiana. 

Patrick, William A., Company E. Born August 16, 1843, in 
Fulton countj', Indiana. Moved to Newton county in 1859, and there 
enlisted in August, 1862. Served with the regiment until July 22, 

1864, at Atlanta, where he was wounded and discharged on account 
of wounds. Returned to Newton county and married Miss Mary E. 
Ewan, at Morocco, in 1876, and now has a family of two sons and. 
three daughters. In 1886 he removed to Oregon, which has ever since 
been his home. He is one of the men who has literally given some of 
his best blood to save his country. Address, Ashland, Oregon. 

Powell, Lemuel U., Company I. Born March 22, 1835, near 
Lebanon, Indiana; entered the service as sergeant of Company I; 
promoted to 1st sergeant June 1, 1865; mustered out with the regi- 
ment; served through all the campaigns of the regiment. Lives on a 
farm near Converse, Indiana, which is his address. 

Pebworth, James H., corporal Company H. Born March 11, 
1839, in Shelby county, Kentucky; married in Hendricks county, In- 
diana, May 29, 1859; has a wife and four children living. Served 
through the war, being wounded on the Atlanta campaign. Has 
lived in Hendricks county, Indiana, since the war. Occupation, 
that of a farmer. Address, Pittsboro, Indiana. 



194 Ntw History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILLIAM V. POWELL. 

1862. 

Born May 22, 1826, in Brown county, Ohio. Parents lived at 
Indianapolis, Indiana, from 1830 to 1835, then moved to Shawnee 
Prairie, Tippecanoe county, and remained until 1847, when they 
removed to Miami county. In 1850 he made the trip to California 
overland, one of the hardest journeys possible in those days. Stayed 
three years and returned to Indiana, and on September 11, 1853, 
married Miss Mary A. Smith. He was engaged in farming at 
Xenia, now called Converse, when he entered the army as captain 
of Company I, and continued with the regiment until the close of the 
war, being with Colonel Farrar, the only two of the original cap- 
tains that went through to the end. He was commissioned lieuten- 
ant-colonel on muster out, having been promoted to major May 20, 
1865. After the war he sett'ed near Remington, in Jasper county, 
Indiana, engaged in farming and the stock trade. In 1871, with his 
wife, two sons, Addison M. and William G., and daughter, Eldora, 
he moved to Mendocino county, California, and engaged in the same 
business and introduced the Poland-China hogs in the northern part 
of the state. There his daughter Ida was born in 1874, and in 1881 he 
moved to the Santa Maria valley and settled there. In 1885 his wife 
died and he has since made his home with his daughters. His 
present address is Santa Maria, Santa Barba county, California. 
Comrade Powell still takes gre.it interest in the record of the 99th. 



Sketches of Comrades. 195 

Ramey, Hanly C, Company F. Born January 28, 1836, in 
Jefferson county, Kentucky; moved to White county, Indiana, in 
1846, where he has lived ever since, working- as a carpenter and 
doing- some farming; he was one of the steady men of the service, 
serving- for some time as corporal and serg-eant; has taken a great 
deal of interest in the reunions of the regiment since the close of the 
war, and is admired and respected by all his comrades. Address, 
Brookston, Indiana. 

Reid, Tilberry, captain Company G. Was the oldest officer in 
the regiment when he entered the service, being about 56 years of 
age; his health soon failed and he sickened and died January 1st, 
1863, at Holly Springs, Mississippi. His home sometime previous tohis 
entering the service was in Hendricks county, Indiana. The mili- 
tary service is of such a trying nature, its hardships are so great 
that it requires men of iron constitutions to undergo the service. 
Captain Reid could not endure those hardships and went down 
under them. 

Reiger, August, Company A. Born in Germany, came to Lake 
county, Indiana, in 1855; served in Company A through the war, a 
good soldier. Since the war he has lived in Indiana and spent some 
time in the south and west. He has never married but lives with a 
brother. Address, Ross Station, Lake county, Indiana. 

Ragan, George, Company A. Born in Ohio, in 1840; was 
brought to Indiana in 1844, where he has lived ever since. Served 
faithfully through the war, and has since lived in Lake county. 
Has a wife and four children living. Was a good soldier and is a 
true comrade. Address, Hobart, Indiana. 

Scott, Charles M., captain Company C. Born January 22, 
1833, in Fayette county, Indiana; went to California when 16 years of 
age, remaining there three years when he returned to Indiana. 
Three years afterward he made another trip to California. In 1854 
he married Miss Elizabeth Murdock, and removed to Benton county on a 
farm, where he resided when he enlisted in the 99th. On the organ- 
ization of Company C, he was appointed sergeant. In February, 
1863, promoted to 1st sergeant, and in February, 1864, was appoin- 
ted captain, which rank he held until the muster out of the service. 
After the war he returned to Benton county, and was soon after 
elected circuit clerk of the county, which position he held for eight 
years. He afterwards engaged in mining in Colorado until his 
death, which occurred November 2, 1886, at Carnero, Colorado. 

Smith, Nelson Q., Company F. Born November 23, 1845, in 
Carroll county, Indiana; enlisted in Lafayette, Indiana, December 
16, 1863, as a young recruit in the 99th Indiana; was a medical stu- 
dent at the close of the war, making Cincinnati his home; he moved 
to Lisbon, Illinois, remained there until 1873; then moved to Lewis- 



196 New History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




CAPTAIN ROBERT P. ANDIS, COMPANY B. 

1862. 



Born March 21, 1830, in Virginia; came to Indiana in 1844; in 
1846 enlisted in the Mexican war at 16, and served through the war. 
Came back to Hancock county and in 1862 entered the service as 2d 
lieutenant ot Company B. April 9th, 1863, was promoted to 1st lieu- 
tenant, and March 20, 1864, to captain. He commanded the com- 
pany until the battle of July 22d, when, as the enemy were advan- 
cing, he fell with his skull pierced by a rifle ball. He was taken to 
the hospital senseless so far as speech was concerned and the sur- 
geons, seeing that the ball had entered his brain, gave him up to 
die. They took the ball out from the lower skull bone and handed 
it to him, but he could do nothing, so lost it. His sensation was 
very peculiar at the time as he could understand everything, but 
could not reply or put a sentence on paper intelligibly. After untold 
suffering he was brought home and recovered so that he was able to do 
business and is still alive, thirty-six years after. He was discharged 
December 14, 1864, not being able to do more. He still carries the 
scar and the effects of the wound are ever with him and will be 
while he lives. He was married August 12, 1852, to Phebe Low, 
and they have four sons and one daughter. He remained in Han- 
cock county until 1881, when he moved to Kansas. Every one in the 
regiment had a high regard for Captain Andis, and he has been a 
true man and comrade all his life. His picture shows him as he 
entered the army. Address, Hiattville, Bourbon county, Kansas. 



Sketches of Comrades. 197 

ville, Indiana, remained there until April, 1883; located in Green Cas- 
tle, until November, 1890; had a drug store in Indianapolis until Au- 
gust, 1897; sold out and located in Columbus, Indiana, where he is now 
engaged in practice of medicine. He says of himself: '«I have been 
identified with the Eclectic school of medicine; a member of the 
Methodist church and a Democrat of the old school. " Dr. Smith has 
been a leader among his Eclectic brethren; a man who is large and 
corpulent, and like all large men, a man with excellent good nature. 
His address is Columbus, Indiana. 

Summers, Daniel, sergeant Company I. Born May 13, 1833, in 
Henry county, Indiana; enlisted at Benton, Miami county; has 
lived since March 10, 1866, in Jackson township, Howard county, 
Indiana. Has a famil3' of six children, four boys and two girls. 
He still lives with the good woman he left behind when he enlisted ; 
owns a good farm of 240 acres on which he lives; served as corporal 
and was sergeant at the time of the muster out of the regiment. 
There are not many better soldiers or citizens than Comrade Sum- 
mers. Address, Greentown, Indiana. 

Stuart, Selden P., lieutenant Company K. Born September 16, 
1842, at Logansport, Indiana, a son of the Hon. William Z. Stuart, 
of that citj-; he entered service as a private soldier of Company K; 
promoted to 1st sergeant, December 26, 1862, and 2d lieutenant May 
1st, 1865, all of which stations he filled with credit and ability; he 
was detailed for some time as acting A. D. C. to General Oliver, 
commanding brigade; he was married after the close of the war, but 
passed away some years ago. Of his family I know nothing. 

Sterrett, Joseph C, Company F. Born March 20, 1841, in La- 
porte county, Indiana: served through the war. Married April 15, 
1866: has wife and family; resides in Tippecanoe county, Indiana; 
engaged in farming. Address, Battle Ground, Indiana. 

Shrock, Solomon, Company I. Born December 7, 1835, in 
Holmes county, Ohio; enlisted at Peru, Indiana, in August, 1862, 
and served faithfully through the war. Has been married four 
times but is at present a widower, his youngest daughter, Mamie, 
keeping house for him at Peru, Indiana, which is his address. 

Tague, George, captain Company B. Entered the service as 1st 
lieutenant of Company B; succeeded Captain Carr in April, 1863, 
and served as captain until ill health compelled his resignation Jan- 
uary 5, 1864. He was a physician by profession. He was a good 
man, but his health was poor for a long time and he died about 
twelve years ago, at his home in Greenfield, Indiana. 

Thomas, Benjamin F., captain Company G. Born April 9, 1831, 
in Baltimore, Maryland; came to Hendricks county, Indiana, May, 
1853, entered the service as 2d lieutenant of Company G; was pro- 



198 New History of the Ninety-Niyith Indiana Infantry. 




MAJOR WM. W. BUTTERWORTH, SURGEON. 

1863. 



Born June 15, 1825, in Warren county, Ohio. Moved to Laporte 
county, Indiana, in 1846. Educated at Asbury universit3'. Studied 
medicine, and since 1849 practiced his profession in St. Joseph 
county, at Mishawauka. On the organization was appointed as- 
sistant surgeon, and at Fort Fowler, January 29, 1863, was pro- 
moted to surgeon, and served as such to the close of the war. He 
was a good man and made a good reputation in the army. What I 
said of him at the close of the war I can truthfulU- repeat: "He 
can retire from the service with the fact established that his career 
in the army has been a success, and that he never forfeited the con- 
fidence of his companions in arms, but continued from the first to 
advance in their estimation." At the close of the war he was the 
first to propose an annual reunion to begin July. 28, 1866, and wrote 
the resolution adopted by the officers to that effect at Indianapolis 
June 15, 1865, the day all left for home. After the war he returned 
to his practice, which he continued until his death in 1888. His wife, 
sons and daughter reside at South Bend, Indiana, and still welcome 
the doctor's old comrades. 



Sketches of Comrades. 199 

moted to 1st lieutenant April 9, 1863, and to captain October 11, 
1864, and commanded his company until the muster out. Since the 
war he has lived at Danville. Indiana, engaged in business and is a 
man with many friends. For many years he has assisted in holding 
an annual reunion of Companies G and H in Danville, and they 
always have a good time. His wife is prominent in the Woman's 
Relief Corps, being one of the state officers. A genial, quiet man, 
all comrades are his friends. Address, Danville, Indiana. 

Vannice, Isaac N., Companj' G. Born in Hendricks county, In- 
diana, about 1839; lived there until 1888, then moved to Montgomery 
county. Has a family of five, two boys and three girls. Has lived 
on a farm all his life and led an honorable, christian life. His ad- 
dress is New Ross, Indiana. 

Vannice, David M., Company G. Born October 5, 1842, in Hen- 
dricks county, Indiana. Married Mary E. Kurtz, February 15, 
1866. They have two children, a son and daughter. In 1874 moved 
to Danville. Indiana, and in 1884, to Logansport, Indiana, where 
they now reside, he being in the employ of a furniture company. 
Comrade Vannice was seriously wounded July 22d at Atlanta. He 
says of that event: "I was wounded about 2 p. m. and lay on the 
field until 11 a. m. next day, before I had my wound dressed, with 
no water and nothing to eat. To rest myself, I lay my head upon the 
body of Colonel Greathouse, of the 48th Illinois, for a pillow that 
night. He was shot through the heart. I shall never forget that 
day and night. On the 23d, I was taken to the brigade hospital and 
had my wounds dressed for the first time." His health is very poor 
now. In the picture of the reunion at Crown Point in this book, he 
will be seen standing with his wife and daughter, the nearest to Mrs. 
Rumpler, daughter of the regiment, at the right of the picture as you 
face it. 

Whitman, Hartin I., hospital .steward. Born April 7, 1843, at 
South Bend, Indiana. Served through the war. Married at Xiles, 
Michigan. September 29, 1863. while at home on furlough. Has four 
children, a)l married, and he says, "the best wife in the world." 
He has lived at Chicago, Detroit, and New York City since the war, 
for some time in the insurance business, but at present is in the 
illustrative advertising business. Comrade Whitman served in the 
9th Indiana in the three months' service at the breaking out of the 
war, and his was a special appointment as hospital steward by 
Governor Morton, and he was afterward assigned to the 99th Indi- 
ana. He was faithful to his trust through all the campaigns. Ad- 
dress, 116 Nassau street, New York Citv. 



200 Neio History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




ORLANDO POWELL, COMPANY K. 

1900 



Worrell, John, captain Company G. Born April 17, 1837, in 
Kentucky, but was brought to Hendricks county, Indiana, by his 
parents in 1839, and that has ever since been his home. He was 
appointed 1st lieutenant of Company G on its organization and was 
promoted to captain January 1, 1863, on the death of Captain Reid. 
He was in command of the company in all the campaigns until the 
close of the Atlanta campaign, when September 23, 1864, he resigned 
and came home. Since the war he has resided at Clayton, and has 
held several positions of trust and honor under the state and govern- 
ment. He holds one at present in the revenue department that 
causes him to travel extensively, and he is always glad to meet his 
comrades. Address, Clayton, Indiana. 



CHAPTER XXV. 

ROSTER OF THE REGIMENT. 

This roster is up to June 5, 1900, just thirty-five years from the 
date of muster out at Washington, D. C. A few explanations may 
be necessary to understand the roll. 

1. Everj'one marked with an (*) was mustered out with the retji- 
ment and served through all the campaigns. When you see that (*) 
before a man's name it means just this, "A faithful soldier, a vet- 
eran, tried in battle, true to the flag and his comrades." 

2. Those killed and died of wounds have the date and place after 
their names. They are "the slain heroes who died for their country, 
and their memory is sacred forever." 

3. Those who died in the service have the date and place after 
their names. They gave their lives for their country and are entitled 
to the same honor as if killed in battle. 

4. Those who were discharged have the date and place when 
possible. In all cases unless the cause of discharge is stated, it was 
for disability. 

5. Many have died since the war and when the year and place of 
death are known, they are given. Where they are not known the 
wprd "dead" is given, meaning "died since the war, date unknown." 

5. As far as I have received them I have given a sketch of the 
comrades' lives, and this roll will give the page in this book where 
the sketch may be found. They are not fulsome eulogies, but mod- 
est statements of fact, such as befit brave men. 

6. In all cases where no state is given, the postoffice is inlndiana. 
There are some comrades that I have been unable to locate, and are 
still among the "unknown." If any of these are known, or any 
errors in the roll are found by anyone, they will at once notify the 
author that the correction may be made at the next reunion, as a 
revision of the roster will be made and published with the proceed- 
ings each year. 

FIELD AND STAFF. 

Fowler, Alex., pp. 3-184. Robinson, L D., Asst. Surgeon, 

De Hart, R. P., p. 187. resigned Aug. 11, '63. 

Berkey, J. M., pp. 5-188 Russell, I. S., Asst. Surgeon, 

*Farrar, Josiah, pp. 7-186. died Aug. 10, '64. Atlanta. 

*Powell, W. v., pp. 11-194. Poffenberger, Isaiah, Asst. 

Homan, J. B , p. 190. Surgeon, North Liberty. 

*Butter worth, W. W., p. 19S. Kimball, A. D., p. 27. 



202 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




ORLANDO POWELL, COMPANY K. 

1862. 



Born in Wabash county, Indiana, January 17, 1845. Shortly 
after moved to near Logansport, Indiana, where he enlisted August 
22, 1862, being- ojily seventeen years of age. Went with the regiment 
in all the campaigns of the war. After the war he attended the 
high school in Logansport and taught in the district schools of the 
township. In 1871 he was married to Miss Sarah S. McElheny, of 
Fletcher's Lake, Indiana, to which union was born five children, 
four of whom are now living. He owns and occupies a highly culti- 
vated farm of 240 acres seven miles north of Logansport, which is 
his postoffice address. Comrade Powell has served as trustee of his 
township for several terms, is an active republican and has the full 
confidence and respect of all who know him. He is proud of the 
99th and its record and attends all its reunions. The '"boys" of the 
regiment are always glad to greet him, as he is known as "Powell 
of K" in di.stinction from the Powells of Company I. The picture 
on page 200 shows him at 55, the one above at 17. 



Roster of the Reghnent. 



203 



Lucas, D. R., pp. 9-232. 
*Cathcart, J. L., p. 177. 

Cummins, R. W., Adjt., dis- 
missed May, '63. 
^McGlashon. L. D., p. 191. 
■Brewer, Harry, p, 189 
^^Spaulding-, W. H. H., p. 145. 



*Parks, Alva B., Com-Serg- , 

Hammond. 
*Severance, W. N., p. 178. 
*Tubbs, Wm. T. Lincoln, Q. M, 

Sergt., from Nov. 1, '6^ to 

muster out. 
*Whitman, M. I , p. 199. 



*Albert, Joseph, p. 89. 
Atkin, Orin E., killed July 6, 

"64, at Nickajack Creek. 
Burnham, K. M., p. 131 
*Bro\vnell. Ezra, p. 176. 
*Blaney, Peter G. , Englewood, 111 . 
*Bellshoover, Wm., Hobart. 
*Boney, Matthias, p. 41. 
*Boyd, Levi A., Merrillville, 
wounded July 28, '64. 
Burnham, David T., Lieut , 

killed Aug. 21. '64. 
Bartholomew, Justice, p. 72. 
Barton, Hiram, Crown Point, p. 

86. 
Bitcer, Conrad, disch. April 8, 

'65, died in 1897. 
Craft, James, M. D., 2d Lieut., 

unknown 
Case, Hiram A , died March 10, 

'63, LaGrange 
Clingham, James D., died July 

11, '64, Huntsville, Ala. 
Cunningham. Wm., disch. Oct. 
9, '63, Camp Sherman, dead. 
*Dodge, Paul, p 177. 
*Drennen, Beiij., Lowell. 
*Dickinson, Thomas, p. 177. 
*Dumond, John W., Lowell, 
wounded July 28, '64. 
Dutton. Geo. C , p. 177. 
Button, James, disch Sept. 5, '63, 
Camp Sherman, died at Mo- 
line, Kansas. 
*Erb, Isaac T., Corporal, 9743 

Avenue L, So Chicago, 111. 
*Engle, John B.Chicago, wound- 
ed. May 28. "64, Dallas. 



COMPANY A. 

*Fuller, Arch,, Lowell, dead. 
*Fowler, James, Kouts, dead. 
*Fle\vellen, John, Valparaiso, 

dead. 
*Furgeson, David. Lowell,, 
wounded May 28. '64, Dallas. 
*Fansher, Simeon J., Coffin's 

Station, dead. 
Foster, James, Hebron, killed 
July 22, '64, Atlanta. 
Ford, Henry R., disch. March 
31, "63, LaGrange, unknown. 
*Goff, James R., Crown Point. 
*Gerrish, James L., p. 31. 
*Gromel, Frederick, unknown. 
Goff, Ephraim, disch. Nov. 18, 
'63, Chattanooga, dead. 
-Heath, Alfred H., p. 67. 
*Hale, John A., Moline, Kan. 
*Hartman, John C, Hammond. 
■■Haggart, Thaddeus, Hob.irt, 

dead. 
Horton, James, killed July 22, 

'64, Atlanta. 
Haskins, H. H., p. 72. 
Harris, Rollin T , died March 

11, '63, LaGrange. 
*Kowlen, Peter, Junietta, Neb , 

dead. 
*Lutz, Jacob, Corp., Hobart. 
Lorey, John, died Sept. 21, '63, 

Camp Sherman. 
Livingston, Hartford, disch. 
April 23, '63, Jackson, Tenn., 
dead. 
Livingston, Wm., Crown Point, 

p. 86. 
^Merrill, John P., p. 13. 



.204 New History of the Ninety-Mnth Indiana Infantry. 




WILLIAM H. POWER, COMPANY B. 

1900. 
(See page 206.) 



*Merrill, G. W., Serg., Moline, 
Kan., wounded May 28, '64, 
Dallas. 

*Michael, Edwin, p. 183. 

*Mauger, Nicholas, Millersville, 
Minn. 

*Mock, Adam, died Sept. 11, '63, 
Camp Sherman. 
Niksch, Charles, Merrillville, 
wounded May 28, '64, Dallas. 

Newman, Nicholas, p. 70. 

*Ofenlock, John, Hammond. 

*Pierce, Israel R., Sergt., Mer- 
rillville, dead. 

*Pierce, James W., Corp., Nun- 
ica, Mich. 

Pierce, Corydon, captured July 
22, '64, died April 7, '65, Wil- 
mington, N. C. 



*Pierce, Myiel, Corp., Merrill- 
ville. 
*Pierce, Marion F., musician 
from Nov. 1, '64, Merrillville. 
Pierce, Jesse E., disch. Aug., 

'63, Camp Sherman, dead. 
Parkhurst, Wm., disch. Nov. 

11, "62, unknown. 
Peach, Geo. H , Wood's Mill, 
disch. Feb. 9, '63, St. Louis. 
*Reiger, August, p. 195. 
*Ragan, George, p. 195. 
Robbins, Albert, wounded July 
22, '64, died of wounds Aug. 
6, '64, at Marietta. 
Reader, John, disch. July 25, 

'63, dead. 
Rice, Ferdinand, disch. Nov. 
8, '62, unknown. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



205 



Sawyer, Daniel F. , Capt., pp. 
16-48. 
*Snyder, Alanson W., p. 35. 
*Shirley, Stephen, died 1897. 
*Stoltz, Frank, died July, 1899, 

at Hammond. 
*Stowell, Lewis M., Lowell, dead. 
*Spears, Elijah, unknown. 
*Spaulding, Joshua P., p. 45. 
*Sly, Gilbert, Michig-an City. 
*S3'kes, Jasper M., in Nebraska. 
Stichelman, John, wounded Aug. 

24, '64, died Sept. 23, '64.- 
Schmidt, Jacob, died July 28, 

'63. 
Smith, Geo. A., Ross Station, 
disch. April 16. "63, Memphis. 
Sawyer, Edward A., Sergt., 
died Sept. 1, '63. 



*Tillotson, Francis, wagonmas- 

ter, died in 1897, Moline, Kan. 
*Troilson, Andrew, Dyer. 
*Traut, Jesse, E., p. 180. 
*Vornholz, Francis, unknown. 
Vanderwort, August, died Mch. 

9, '63. 
Wells, R. H , p. 53. 
*Welton, Harrison T., 2d Lieut., 

Lowell. 
nVilson, Wiley, Sergt., Lowell, 

died in 1898. 
*Williams, Alex., Altamont, Kan. 
*White, Samuel, Merrillville. 
Winand, Michael, Merrillville, 

died Dec. 11, '64, at home 
*Young, Peter, Hammond. 
Zuvers, Amos, Mount Grove, Mo., 

disch. April 16, '63. 



*Alley, John M., p. 175. 
*Alley, George H., p. 175. 
*Allen, Richard, p. 218. 
Andis, Robert, p. 196. 
*Ashcraft, Salem C, p. 175. 
*Ashcraft, Henry B., Sergt., 
Indianapolis. 
Alley, Samuel D., wounded 
May 28, '64, Dallas, died of 
wounds Sept. 3, '64, Rome, Ga. 
*Brown, James R., 1st Sergt. and 

2d Lieut , Cleopatra, Mo. 
*Barrett, Richard J., Greenfield, 
died in 1899. 
Barrett, Augustus M., disch. 
Dec. 31, '63, dead. 
*Bo]en, Daniel. Markleville, dead. 
*Butterfield, Lorain, Warring- 
ton, wounded Aug. 20, '64, 
Atlanta, dead. 
Butcher, John L., Warrington. 
Blakely, Geo. W., disch. in 1863, 

dead. 
Blakely, Nathaniel, died Feb. 
13, '63, Fort Fowler. 
*Baldwin,Garriott, recruit, dead. 



COMPANY B. 

Bussell, James M., died Novem- 



ber 20, '63, Memphis. 
Bright, Smith, killed at New 

Hope Church, June 2, '64. 
Baldwin, Joseph, disch. Oct. 5, 
'63, unknown. 

*Baldwin, Jonathan, Arkansas, 
Kas., recruit March 4, '64, 
wounded May 28, '64. 

*Bowman, Joseph, recruit, wound- 
ed May 28, '64, Dallas, un- 
known. 
Carr, James H., Capt., Green- 
field, pp. lb and 42. 

*Curry, Isaiah A., p. 65. 

*Curry, Wm., Sergt., dead. 

*Curry, Wm. R., Greenfield, dead. 

*Collier, TighlmanH., Philadel- 
phia, Ind. 

*Catt, Wesley S., pp. 210-212. 

*Catt, Wm., Greenfield, wounded 

Aug. 31, '64, Jonesboro, Ga 

Curry, Andrew, died March 15, 

'63, LaGrange. 
Collins, Thomas J., died Mch. 
29, '63, LaGrange. 



;206 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




WILLIAM H. POWER, COMPANY B. 

1864. 

Born at Pottsville, Pennsylvania, June 25, 1848; came with his 
parents to Henry county, Indiana, in 1850, and in 1857 to Hancock 
county, and that has ever since been his home. He was a recruit in 
the winter of 1864 to Company B, and being- only 15 years old. was 
soon called "Company B's baby." He was one of the forty men of 
Company B detailed for the picket line at Dallas, May 28, 1864, and 
passed throug-h that terrific fight where all but seventeen of the forty 
were killed, wounded or captured. He escaped but was slightly 
wounded the next day, the 29th. He was in every battle of the com- 
pany, health always good, never missed a detail for duty and 
marched every foot of the way, via Savannah to Washington, and 
was not 17 years old when mustered out at close of war. He was 
of German-Irish stock and a true soldier. He has a wife and daugh- 
ter and a pleasant home. In the record of incidents one will be 
found from his pen that gives a view of the unwritten side of a sol- 
dier's life. His address is Wilkinson, Indiana. The picture on 
.page 204 shows him as he is now, the one above is his army picture. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



20'i 



Cass, James W., captured 
May 28, '64, Dallas, died not 
long- after. 
Cook, James A., recruit, died 

April 27, '64, in service. 
Curry, Zach. B , recruit, died 

Sept. 25, '64, in service. 
Davis, Jacob H. , G reen fi eld, 

disch. April 8, '64. 
Davis, Nimrod M., unknown, 
p 86. 
*Flowers, James, unknown. 
Fletcher, Wm., died Feb. 13, '63, 
LaGrange. 
*Gard, Samuel, Warrington, 

dead. 
*Gibbs, Alonzo, died near Fort 

Scott, Kan., 1899. 
^Hamilton, Charles G., Cleave- 
land, wounded May '28, '64, 
dead. 
*Harlan, Samuel H., Markle- 

ville, dead. 
*Holland, Thomas, p. 123. 
*Hudson, George, Greenfield, 

dead. 
*Hedges, Abram, recruit, un- 
known. 
Hedrick, Peter, Shirley, disch. 

Feb. 5, '63, St. Louis. 
Herrod, John B , Red Oak, la., 
disch. Dec. 8, '63, for promo- 
tion. 
Harlan, John M., died Aug. 7, 
'1)3. 
*Julius, Jacob, H , p 181. 
*Julius, Ferdinand, Tipton, 
wounded July 28, '64, Atlanta, 
and Aug. 31, '64, Jonesboro. 
Johnston, Edward P., disch. 
March, 18, '63, unknown. 
"•'King en. Rile}', Greenfield, 
wounded Aug. 11, '64, Atlanta, 
died in '96. 
Keller, JohnG., Pendleton, dis- 
charged Feb. 6, '63, Mempliis, 
dead. 



Kelly, Benj. F., killed in battle 
May 28, '64, Dallas. 
*Lane, Logan A., Anderson, re- 
cruit, dead. 
Miller, Henry, Lieut , resigned 
Feb. 13, '65; address, Jennings, 
Kas. 
*Miller, Thos. J , Corp., Marion. 
*Morford, Joseph B., Edwards- 
port, Corp., wounded May 28, 
'64, Dallas. 
Morford, Elisha, killed in battle 
May 28, '64, Dallas. 
*Meyer, Chas., Cumberland, cap- 
tured Dec. 4, 'b4, exchanged 
and died since the war. 
*McGuire, Thomas, Lebanon. 
*Milner, Joseph T., Mt. Moriah, 

Mo. 
*Milner, Amos, p. 137. 
*Milner, Job, Cleveland 
*Milner,Wm., died inKansas, '85. 
Mullen, Robert, disch. March 8, 
'63, dead. 
'63, dead. 
McQuerry, Perry, Sergt., died 
July 30, '64, of wounds received 
July 28, '64. 
Murphy, James, disch. May 10, 

'63, Moscow, unknown 
Mullen, Henry, Markleville, 

disch. May 20, '64, dead. 
Morford, John A. , Marion, disch. 
for wounds received May 28, 
'64. Dallas. 
*Morris, Geo S., p Y)\. 
*Nibarger, Harrison J., p. 192, 
*Nibarger, John, p. 192. 
Nibarger, Lemuel J., died March 

18, '()3, LaGrange 
Nibarger, Thomas, died March 

30. '63, Moscow. 
Nealis, Thomas P., Anderson, 

disch. Sept 16, '63. 
Ortle, Christian, died Dec. 16, 
'63, of wounds received at 
Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, '63. 



208 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




CYRUS A. BAY, COMPANY C. 

1900. 

Born about 1826, near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; married to 
Miss Lucinda Frame, March 21, 1850. at New Buffalo, Mich. ; died 
April 14, 1900, at his home in Wheeler, Indiana. He was a good 
soldier and served through the war. Since the war he has lived in 
Chicago and Porter couutj% Indiana, most of the time in the latter, 
being by occupation a carpenter and cabinet maker. His wife died 
in February, 1894, in Chicago, but he leaves behind some children, 
who have sent the above picture as a token of their love and regard 
for the memory of their soldier father. Mrs. M. L. Crull, one of the 
daughters, in sending it says: "He was a natural cook and since 
mother's death has kept up the home most of the time by himself; he 
loved his home to his dying day, and I am there to-day. May 22d, 
getting ready for his children to come home on Decoration Day. He 
was a member of the M. E. church. Oh! how we shall miss him 
when the Memorial Day comes this year." Mrs. Crull's address is 
Wheeler, Indiana. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



209 



*Potts, Larkin, Sergt., Rensse- 
laer. 
Pope, Sanford, died March 19, 
'63, LaGranj;e. 

*Polk, Peter F., wagoner, Rus- 
sellville, 111., dead. 

*Power, Wm. H., pp. 204-206. 

*Richman, Lewis, Corp., Pales- 
tine, wounded July 22, ' 64, 
Atlanta. 

*Reeves, Nevil, Corp., Green- 
field. 

*Reeves, Oliver, Ravena, Mo., 
wounded May 28, '64, Dallas. 

*Reeves, Wm. W. Ravena, Mo., 
wounded May 28, '64, Dallas. 

*Reeves, Riley A., p. 101, 

*Redmond, Michael, Willow 
Branch, dead. 

*Roland, Geo., recruit, Char- 
lottsville. 

*Shipman, Jas. J.,North Branch, 
Kans. 
Shipman, Wm., Corp., Cleve- 
land, died May 30, '64, of 
wounds received May 28, '64. 

*Siddell, Wm., Cleveland, dead. 

*Slifer, Levi, Greenfield. 

*Smith, Edward, Centralia, Kas. 

*Scott, Chas. W., recruit, Wil- 
low Branch, wounded May 
28, '64, dead. 
Shaw, Isaac V., died Aug 18, 
'64, in service. 

*Shipley, Reason, recruit, Green- 
field, dead. 
Shipley, Francis, recruit, disch. 
Dec. 26, '64, dead. 



Shaw, Wm. R., captured May 
28, '64, died Aug. 5, '64, Ander- 
sonville prison. 

Samples, James Q., recruit, died 
of wounds July 7, '64. 

Tague, George, p. 197. 
*Tyner, Henry C, unknown. 
*Tibbets, Henry C, Soldiers' _ 
Home, Marion, Ind. 

Troy, Christopher C, Warring- 
ton, disch. Oct. 5, '63. 

True, Harvey, Mohawk, wound- 
ed May 28, '64, Dallas; disch. 

for wounds Dec. 7, '64. 
*Vand\ke, Seward, Anderson. 

Vernon, Robert H., wounded 
May 28, '64, Dallas; died at 
Laurel Hill, N.C., Mar. 9, '65. 
*Woods, Jeremiah, p. 192. 
* Watts, Geo. W., 1st Sergt. In- 
dianapolis; severely wounded 
May 28, '64, Dallas. 

Winn, Madison, died Feb. 22, 
'63, Moscow. 

Waters, Samuel R., Philadel- 
phia; disch. July 12, '63, dead. 

Wright, Clark W., p. 86, dead. 
*Whitehurst, 'Linton, recruit, 
Beloit, Kan., wounded May 
28, -64. 

Wright, James W., recruit, 
died June 12, '64, of wounds. 
May 28, '64, Dallas. 

Youse, Michael G., Cleveland, 
wounded July 22, '64, Atlanta, 
disch. Feb. 16, '65, died at 
home in '99. 



COMPANY C. 



*Alyea, David, Hebron. 
Alyea, G. W., p. 86. 
Brewer, Jacob, p. 175. 
*Brewer, Winfield E., musician, 

Valparaiso. 
^Barber, Miles, A., Sergt., Dix, 
Ills. 



*Breyfogle, Michael J., p. 176. 
*Beaver,Nicholas, Michigan City. 
*Billidew, John, Lansing, Mich., 

captured Aug. 18, '64, paroled 

May, 1865. 
*Bullis, Perry, unknown. 
*Burke, John, unknown. 



210 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




WESLEY S. CATT, COMPANY B. 

1900. 
(See page 212.) 



Beazell, James, died Nov. 10, 

'62, Louisville. 
*^Bigg-s, Jonathan, Valparaiso, 

detailed at Evansville hospital 

Nov. 10, '62. and served there. 
Biggs, Geo. W., died Jan. 19, 

'63, LaGrange. 
Biggs, Benj., died March 16, 

'63, LaGrange. 
Bush, Geo. W., died April, 21, 

'64, Scottsboro. 
Bushong, John A., Indianapolis, 

disch. Jan., '63, Memphis. 
Bushong, Henry J., disch. Jan. 

'63, Memphis, dead. 



Blachley, Miller, Goss' Mill, 
disch. Jan., '63, Memphis. 
*Bay, Cyrus A., p. 208. 
*Campbell, James, p. 39. 
*Catey, Charles, Oxford, dead. 
*Campbell, James Douglas, died 
Insane Hospital, Washington. 
*Casteel, John, left sick Oct. 8, 
'64, unknown. 
Collins, Samuel, died Dec. 12, 

'62, Oxford, Miss. 
Cook, Ether A., died Jan. 15, 

'63, Keokuk, la. 
Coleman, Daniel, died July 17, 
'64, Marietta, Ga. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



211 



*Cameron, David, Valparaiso, 
captured Feb. 21, '65, and pa- 
roled, dead. 
Cobb, Reuben S. Hebron, disch. 
Sept. 5, '63, Camp Sherman, 
unknown. 
*Drawans, Fred W., p. 133. 
*Dumbolton, Riley H., unknown. 
*Devoll, Sylvester, Valparaiso, 

died Oct. 20, 1892. 
*Dibble, Harvey, Valparaiso, 

dead. 
*Draper, Hiram, dead. 
*Dun\viddie, Wm., pp. 214-216. 
Doolittle, Job, Sergt., died July 

9, '63, Haines Bluff. Miss. 
Def ranee, Wallace L. Wheeler, 
drowned Aug. 27, '63, Black 
river. 
Edmonds, Chas. M , 1st Sergt., 

Otsego, Mich , p. 86. 
Frame, Wm. F., disch. Jan. '63, 
unknown. 
*Groth, Otto, p. 37. 
*German, Henry Boswell. 
Griswold, Luman, dead, p. 86. 
Harman, Wm., 1st Sergt. and 
2d Lieut., Fremont, Mich., re- 
signed March 4, "64. 
*Haney. Paul, Hebron, died '82. 
*Harrison, John, wounded Aug. 

3, '64, died '85, Lowell. 
*Hicks, Wm. T., p. 179. 
*Hicks, John A., p 179. 
*Hearing, Lorenzo D., Valpar- 
aiso, died in 1879. 
*Houghton, John R., unknown. 
Hannebuth, Wm., disch. Dec. 
4, '62, Memphis, dead. 
*Johnson, Samuel S., Omaha, 
Neb. 
Johnson, Reason, Oxford, died 

Feb. 26, '63, Fort Fowler. 
Jackson, Peter, disch. May 9, 
'63, Moscow, died June 26, 
'91, Valparaiso. 



Johnson, John, Valparaiso, 
died Feb. 27, "63, Fort Fowler. 
*Keys, Milton, Fort Worth, Tex. 
*Kipling, Wm. N., p. 109. 
*King, Sylvester, Clarion, Iowa, 
wounded Nov. 25, '63, Mission 
Ridge, killed by train Sept. 
2, '99. 
*Kolb, Wm. D., Oxford, wounded 
July 28, '64, Atlanta. 
Kester, John L , Wheeler, died 

Feb. 25, '63, LaGrange. 
Kotka, Augustus, Valparaiso, 

killed Aug. 11, '64, Atlanta. 
Livingood, Geo. W. , musician, 
Valparaiso, died Mar. 22, '64. 
*Loux, Charles L., p. 181. 
Lank, Robt. B., pp. 29-121. 
Lucas, Daniel R., pp. 9-232. 
Martin, Thomas, Sergt., St. 
Cloud, Minn., wounded Julj- 
28, '64, Atlanta. 
Mackey, Wm., p. 191. 
*Matott, Francis, Valparaiso, 

dead. 
*Martin, Wm., Colonel's Orderly, 
wounded twice on Atlanta cam- 
paign, died in '85. 
Martin, Maurice, p. 60. 
*McDonough, Thomas, Valpa- 
raiso, dead. 
Oliver, David, Hebron, unknown. 
Price, Joseph B., Valparaiso, 
disch. Aug. 14, '63, Camp 
Sherman, died May 10, '99. 
Parker, Geo. W., Oxford, died 

'64 at home 
Rowland, Henry, wagoner, 
disch. Jan. '63, unknown. 
*Scott, Chas. M., p. 195. 
*Savage, Wm., Lieut., Rose Hill, 

Kan. 
*Sheets, Augustus, Valparaiso, 

died in '94. 
*Spath, John, Valparaiso, died 
Mar. 24, '93. 



212 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




WESLEY S. CATT, COMPANY B. 

1862. 



Born February 9, 1841, in Hancock county, Indiana. Enlisted 
August 15, 1862, and was with the reg-iment in all its battles and 
marches from the beginning to the grand review in Washington. 
Married September 1, 1865, at Dayton, Ohio, and has a family of 
four children, two boys and two girls. Has lived in Hancock county 
since the war, and is by occupation a farmer. The picture above 
shows Comrade Catt as he was in the army and the one on page 200 
as he is now. His address is Cleveland, Indiana. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



213 



*Scott, Wm. M., Serg-t., Ox- 
ford, wounded July 28, '64, 
died at Oxford, July 20, '93. 
Sleeper, Chas., Valparaiso, died 

Mar. 7, '63, LaGrange. 
Stephens, Hiram W., unknown, 

p. 86. 
Taylor, John W. , Valparaiso, 

died Nov. 14, '62, Louisville. 
Theil, Theodore, Hebron, disch. 
June 30, '63. 
*Wise, Henry W., pp. 161-163. 
*Wood, Haynes P. , Corp .Hebron, 
wounded July 22, '64, Atlanta. 



*Walter, Oliver, unknown. 
*\Villianis, Joseph, p. 151. 
*Wise, Samuel, 1st, Valparaiso, 
accidentally wounded July 6, 
"64, died in '78. 
Wise, Samuel, 2d, Omaha, Neb., 
leg accidentally broken near 
Jackson, Miss., disch. Dec. 
23, '63. 
White, Harvey, Valparaiso, died 

Mar. 11, '63, LaGrange. 
Wooster, Wm., Valparaiso, died 
Feb. 14, "63, Fort Fowler. 
*Young, Wm. H., Oxford. 



COMPANY D. 



*Adams, Joseph, Reserve. 
Arnold, Moses, died Nov. 3, '63, 

Memphis. 
Arnold, Robert, p. 87, unknown. 
*Bland, Francis M. L., captured 

June 15, '64, and paroled; sup- 
posed to be dead. 
*Barnhart, Joel, Peru. 
*Barnhart, Henry, Peru, dead. 
*Briggs, Robert, Macy. 
*Barron, Anthony B., ambulance 

driver, Peru, died 1890. 
Clifton.John.lst Lieut., resigned 

Aug. 21, '63, died at Peru '91. 
*Clayton, Andrew J., p. 147. 
*Copeland, Jonathan, Perrys- 

burg, wounded Aug. 3, '64, 

dead. 
*Colter, Evan J., Miamitown. 

died in '95. 
*Cassel,Clinton, Peru, diedin'86. 
Campbell, John, Walton, died 

April 14, '63, at Moscow. 
Connett, John F., Peru, died 

Nov. 23, '62, Memphis. 
* Epley, JosiahT. , Sergt. , Santafe. 
*Ellibee, Erastus, p. 57, 
Eaton, Kenard, disch. April 16, 

'63, Memphis, dead. 
*Farrar, Josiah, pp. 7,186. 



*Farrar, Loyd B., Perrysburg, 
wounded Aug. 15, '64, Atlanta, 
dead. 

*Fry, Joseph, Peru, wounded 
June 29, '64, Kenesaw. 

*Frazee, Richard. Converse. 

*PYazee, John, Converse. 

*Grimes, John W. , Corp. , Perrys- 
burg. dead. 

*Gage, Daniel R., Perrysburg, 
dead. 
Griffet, Joseph, Stockdale, died 
of wounds received near At- 
lanta, Aug. 18, '64. 
Griffy, Geo., Peru, disch. Jan. 

10, '63, Memphis. 
Gunkle, Zach., Peru, disch. 
April 8, '64, Scottsboro. 

*Harvey, John, p. 179. 
Hamlin, J. D., Lieut., resigned 
Dec. 31, '62. 

^Hastings, David, Sergt., died at 
Winamac, '97. 

*Harbor, Howard H., Converse. 

*Hahn, John W., Reserve. 

*Hahn, John Wesley, Reserve, 
wounded Aug. 31, '64, Atlanta. 

*Haines, Andrew J., p. 97. 

*Haines, Reuben, Amboy. 

*Hays, Wm. R., recruit, Peru. 



214 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




WILLIAM DUNWIDDIE, COMPANY C. 

1900. 
(See page 216.) 



Huffman, John, Perr3'sburg, 

disch. July 30, '63, Memphis. 
Hott, Monroe, Amboy, disch. 

Dec. 4, '63, St. Louis. 
Howard, Eli, disch. Feb. 28, '63, 

unknown. 
Kittsmiller, Samuel, died Nov. 

23, '62. Memphis. 
Kissiman, Oliver, disch. Jan. 

22, '63, Memphis, unknown. 
*Love, John, Sergt. , Miamitown, 

dead. 
•^Losher, John, Macy. 
*^Lining-er, Jacob, Perrysburg. 
Litzenberger, Benj., Reserve, 

died Feb. 15, '63, LaGrange. 



i. Litzenberger, Francis, Reserve, 

died April 10, '63. 
Lavonsher, Franklin, disch. 

Aug. 28, '63, dead. 
Lindsey, Riley, Mexico, disch. 
June9, '63, Memphis, unknown. 
*Marsh, Jacob E., p. 220. 
*Mullett, John C, Corp., Kellers. 
^Minnie, Israel, pp. 115-117. 
*McCalla, Samuel, Peru, dead. 
Morehead, Jefferson, Reserve, 

died April 10, '63, Moscow. 
Mattox, Joseph, Winamac, disch. 
April 2, '63, Memphis, un- 
known. 
*Norris, Geo. W., p. 193. 



Roster of the I{e{fiment. 



215 



*Nimrod, Wm. W., Corp., Wina- 

mac. 
*Pierce, Gideon, Peru, wounded 

July 22, '64, Atlanta, dead. 
*Pierce, Melvin, unknown. 
*Pierce, VanBuren, Peru. 
*Price, David, Peru. 
Parr, John S., wagoner, p. 87. 
unknown. 
*Propeck. Wm. W., recruit, Peru. 
*Pringle, John H., Peru, dead. 
*Quinlan, Patrick, Logansport. 
*Ralston, Robert, Reserve, dead. 
Ramer, Wm. Santafe, died Jan. 

25, '63, Memphis. 
Ramer, Jesse, Santafe, died 

April 9, '63, Memphis. 
Ramer, Thos., Santafe, disch. 

April 6, '63, Memphis. 
Ralston, John, Reserve, disch. 

June 8, '63, St. Louis. 
Ralston, James, died Mar. 27, 

'63, Fort Fowler. 
Roe, Ezra, Sergt., dead p. 87. 
*Smith, Jacob D., 1st Sergt. and 
Lieut, on muster out, Peru, 
dead. 



*Saxton, John, Peru, dead. 
*Snyder, John, Benson, Minn. 

wounded June27, '64, Kenesaw. 
*Shafer, Henry, Peru. 
Snyder, Reuben, Santafe, died 

Mar. 4, '63, Fort Fowler. 
*Stearns, Geo. W., recruit, Peru, 

unknow^n. 
Southerton, John, Gilead, died 

Feb. 26, '63, LaGrange. 
Shafer, Wm., Peru, p. 87. 
*Spaulding, W. H. H., p. 145. 
*Thorn, Alonzo B., p. 135. 
*Tritt, Jacob, pp. 43-139. 
*Tubbs, Wm. T., Lincoln, Com. 

Sergt., last six months 'service. 
*Votra, John, Peru, died in '89. 
♦Wright, Robt. , Logansport. 
*Waymire, Wm , Perryburg. 

wounded at Atlanta, dead. 
*Wilson, Henry, Peru, wounded 

June 27, '64, Kenesaw. un- 
known. 
Warrick, Wm. W., disch. Feb. 

12, '63, Memphis, unknown. 
Ward, Elwood, Harland, disch. 

Mar. 13, '63, Memphis. 



COMPANY E. 



Ash, Daniel, pp. 16-174. 

*Ash, Solomon, Port Collin, Cal. 

*Anderson. Gustavus, dead. 

*Atkinson, Jas., Hoover, Mo. 

♦Alexander, Wm. H , Corp., 
dieil in '75. 
Ayrhart, Wm. Adriance, died 
Feb. 11, '63, Fort F^owler. 

♦Anderson, James, recruit, un- 
known. 

♦Barker, John, Corp., died near 
Morocco in '72. 

♦Board, Sylvester, wounded June 
29, '64, lives in Nebraska. 

♦Bartholomew, Charles, died 
June 13, '93, Zenda, Kan. 

♦Burns, James, Kentland. 



♦Bull, Eben R., Lafayette, died 

in '68. 
♦Brunton, Cyrus, p. 175. 
*Brown, John. Morocco, wounded 

Aug. 11, ,64. 
♦Beabout, Abram W., Mt. Ayr. 
Bartholomew, Geo. C, killed 

July 22. '64, at Atlanta. 
Bartholomew, Abner, Morocco, 

died Dec. 1,'63. St. Louis. 
Brown, Wm., Morocco, died Dec. 

27, "62, Memphis. 
Board, Wm. T., Morocco, disch. 
Mar. 1,'63, Keokuk, la. 
♦Catt, Allen, Rensselaer, wound- 
ed May 29, '64, Dallas. 
♦Currier, John M., Valparaiso. 



216 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




WILLIAM DUNWIDDIE, COMPANY C. 

1862. 



Born December 29, 1842, in Warren county, Ohio. Was living 
in Benton county, Indiana, when in August, 1862, he enlisted in 
Company C and served until the close of the war, going with the 
regiment through all its campaigns. Married September 3, 1868, 
Mary J. Watson, in Adams county, Indiana. They have five chil- 
dren, two boys and three girls. Since the war he has lived in Not- 
tingham township, Wells county, Indiana, and is engaged in farm- 
ing. Comrade Dunwiddie is one of the number that I always called 
my ''Benton county boys," that made the twenty-five of us that went 
from that county. The picture on page 214 shows him as he is now, 
the one on this page, as he was in the army. Address, Domestic, 
Indiana. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



217 



*Cripe, Joseph, Burlington, 
wounded July 22, '64, Atlanta. 

*Dovvns, Wm. W., 1st Lieut., 
wounded at Atlanta; killed in 
Custer massacre. 

*Darrock, Austin M., Montpelier, 
Serg-t. and col. -guard, wound- 
ed Julj' 28, '64, Atlanta. 

*Dillman, Jonathan, Burlington, 
wounded Maj' 28, '64, Dallas, 
dead. 

*Dillman, Jacob, unknown. 
Dunham, David F , Sergt., M. 
E. minister of N. W. Ind. Con- 
ference, died Aug 4, '64. 

*Erenfeldt, Christian, wounded 
June 29, '64, dead. 

*Evving, Geo. W,, Burlington, leg 
broken Dec. 11, "64, mustered 
out May 3, '65. 

*Erenfeldt, John, recruit, died, 
in 1896, in Kansas. 

*Graves, James W., Warsaw. 

*Grants, Swan, Sheldon, 111. 
Griffith, James, Morocco, died 
March 27, '63, Fort Fowler. 

^Humphreys, Evan L., p. 228. 

*Hooks, Joseph, Morocco. 

*Hosier, Abner C, Morocco, died 
in "73. 

*Hausheldt, Jacob, Eldridge, 
Kan. 

*Horner. Jonas L., Brook, died 
Dec. 1, '63, Fort Fowler. 
Holoway, Wra., Morocco, died 

April 14, '63, Moscow. 
Holoway, John, Morocco, died 
May 9, "63, Moscow. 

*Johnston, John, Jingo, Kan., 
wounded July 28, '64, 
Jones, Francis B., died Aug.23, 
'64, Jeffersonville. 

"^Kennedy, Joseph, Corp., Mo- 
rocco, wounded July 12, '63, 
Jackson. 

*Karns, Stephen D., Hubbell, 
Neb. 



*Kramer, Henry S.,Adriance. 
Kelly, Hiram W., Pilot Grove, 
died Mar. 7, '63, St. Louis, Mo. 
*Laforce, Paul, Adriance 
*Lowther, Arnold, Brookston. 
Laforce, Joseph L., Pilot Grove, 
died Sept. 17, '63, Camp Sher- 
man. 
*Lane, David N., Morocco, dead. 
Longwell, James E., p. 87, un- 
known. 
*Moore, Samuel, p. 191. 
*McClatc'ney, David M., Morocco, 

died in 1880. 
*Moore, Thomas C, p. 183. 
*Moo're, John W., Morocco, died 
March 29, "63, Fort Fowler. 
Murphy, Andrew, Morocco, died 

Jan 25, '64, Nashville. 
Mote, Elijah, Burlington, died 

Feb. 28, '63, Fort Fowler. 
McFatridge, Scott, recruit, died 

Aug 6, '64. 
Martin, Benjamin, disch. May 
23, '65 on furlough, died in 
Nebraska in 1888. 
*Pumphrey, Geo. O., p. 226. 
*Patrick, Wm. A., p. 193. 
Parker, Joseph, Burlington, 
killed Aug. 25, '64, Atlanta. 
*Robertson, Geo. W. Pittsburg. 
Rinker, Wm., Morocco, died 

Oct. 13, '64, Rome, Ga. 
Reynolds, John, Adriance, 
disch. Mch. 1, '63, Keokuk, 
la., dead. 
Roadruck, Benj. F., Morocco, 
disch. Aug. 16, '64, for wounds 
received in battle. 
Shaner, Elias M., 1st Lieut., 
resigned Sept. 20, '64, and died 
at Kentland, 1865. 
*Smith, Geo. W., 1st Sergt. and 

Lieut., unknown. 
*Starkey, Thomas, Fair Oaks, 
Color Sergt., wounded July 
22. '64, Atlanta. 



218 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry, 




RICHARD ALLEN, COMPANY B. 

1900. 



Born June 5, 1842, in Hancock county, Indiana. Enlisted in 
Company B in August, 1862, and served with the regiment through 
all its campaigns. Married January 1, 1866; has a family of six 
children; wife died this year, March 23, 1900. In 1881 he moved to 
Coles county, Illinois, his occupation being that of a farmer. He is 
a true comrade and is proud of the record made by the old 99th. 
Address, Oakland, Illinois. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



219 



*^Shideler, Carroll L., p. 25. 
^Starkey, Charles, Corp , Mil- 
ford, 111. 
^Shafer, Joseph, p. 230. 
^Sarver, John C. Morocco, 

wounded July 28, '64, Atlanta. 
^Shideler, Elmore J., 438 Everett 

St., Cincinnatti, O.. wounded 

May 28, '64, Dallas. 
••Skeggs, Sanford, unkown. 
'•Star key, John, Morocco, died 

March 12, '63, Fort Fowler. 
Sanderson, Andrew J., Morocco, 

died Jan. 14, '63, La Grange. 
Shelton, Howard, disch. March 

21, '63, unknown. 
Shelton, John, disch Sept. 5, 

'63. unknown. 
Shriver, Solomon, disch. Feb. 

19, '63, unknown. 
'^Thomas, Morris, Rensselaer. 



*Thornton, Thomas L., Thayer, 
Kan. 
Thompson, Young, Morocco, 
died Nov. 17, '63. 
*Vanatta, \Vm. T., unknown. 
*Vanatta, Geo. O., Ashland, Ore. 
*Wilson, Wm., wounded Aug. 
26, '64, Atlanta, unknown. 
Warner, John W , pp. 44 and 46. 
White, Levi, Adriance, killed 

Aug. 12, '64, Atlanta. 
Webber, Jacob, Morocco, died 

Feb. 13, '63, St Louis. 
Wyatt, John D., Morocco, died, 
Dec. 7, '62, Memphis. 
*Young, Andrew, Chicago 
Heights, 111. 
Yeoman, Asa. Brook, died Aug. 

15, "63, Camp Sherman. 
Young, Ephraim, Delphi, died 
June 14, '63, La Grange. 



COMPANY F. 



*Austin, Joseph K., Battle Ground 

*Ault, Jesse, Galveston, wounded 
July 28, '64. Atlanta. 

*Arnold, Samuel, recruit, un- 
known. 

*Best, Wm., Brookston, dead. 

*Beeker, Wm., Montmorenci. 

*Burson, Lemuel M., wagoner, 
Brookston, dead. 

*Barnes, John J., Monticello. 
dead. 

*Brackney, Arthur J., Brook- 
ston. 

*Bruckman, David, Lowell. 

♦Bunnell, John, Wolcott, dead. 

*Beeker, Manford A., p. 175. 
Barber, Hallet, Bradford, died 

Nov. 14, '63, Memphis. 
Bryan, Levi C, Peru, disch. 
Oct. 16, '63 

*Cochran, Andrew, p. 23. 

*Critch field, John S., Corp., 
Brookston. 



^Collins, Roberto., Corp., Brook- 
ston, wounded Aug. 4, '64, At- 
lanta, dead. 
*Clegg. Hiram B., p. 177. 
♦Cunningham, Levi P., Monti- 
cello. 
Colvin, Thomas H., Brookston, 

died Feb. 10, '63, LaGrange. 
Cottingham, Haywood, Brooks- 
ton, disch. March 22, "63, La 
Grange, dead. 
♦Davenport, Clark S., Pittsburg, 
dead. 
Dyer, Geo. W. , Brookston, disch, 

Feb. 11, '63, Keokuk, Iowa. 
Downs, Wm. G., disch. Jan. 28, 
"63, Mound City, 111., unknown. 
Downs, Jacob, disch. Jan. 28, '63, 
Mound City, 111. 
♦Eldridge, Job, p. 40. 
♦Fierce, Francis M., 704 Grundel 
Ave., E. St. Louis, Ills. 
Gwin, George H., pp. 15,149. 



220 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




SERGEANT JACOB E. MARSH, COMPANY D. 

1900. 



Born in 1839, near Daj-ton, Ohio. Entered the service as ser- 
geant in Company D, and served through all the campaigns with 
the regiment. Married in 1872 and has a wife and familj-. Has 
lived the greater part of the time since the war, in Miami county, 
Indiana, engaged in farming. Address, Peru, Indiana. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



221 



*Geater, Mark, died in Soldiers' 
Home, Marshalltown, Iowa, 
'94. 
*German, Adolphus, unknown. 
Gould, Stephen B., Brookston, 
died Mar. 16, '63, LaGrange. 
*Goldsberry, Henry, recruit. 
Spring- Valley, Minn. 
Hug-lies, John W. , Brookston, 
killed June27, '64, at Kenesaw. 
Herrington, A. J., recruit. Bat- 
tle Ground, killed Jan. 5, '65, 
near Chattanoog-a. 
Herron, Alex J., Corp., Brook- 
ston, died Sept. 4, '64, at Ma- 
rietta, Ga. , of wounds July 28, 
'64, at Atlanta, 
House, Louis, Logansport,disch. 
Mar. 8, '64, St Louis, dead. 
*Irwin, Samuel, Lowell. 
*Jenning-s, Frederick, Corp., 
Brookston. 
Jeanes, John W. , Ebenezer, O., 
prisoner of war from Nov. 27, 
"64 to Feb. 2, '65, disch, from 
hospital. 
Kent, Wm. C, 1st Serg-., Brook- 
ston, promoted to Lieut, in 
128th Ind. Vol., Mar. 9, '64. 
*Kleping-er, John C, 1st Sergt. 
and Lieutenant, White Oaks, 
N. M. 
Kennedy, John W., Battle 

Ground, dead, p. 87. 
Kious, Adam, Brookston, died 
Aug. 20, '64, Marietta, Ga., of 
wounds, July 28, '64, Atlanta. 
*Little, David C, Corp. Brook- 
ston. 
*Lockwood, Wm. A., dead. 
Lee, James K , recruit, Lafay- 
ette, disch. Dec. 21, '64, on 
account of wounds July 28, '64, 
at Atlanta. 
Loman, Ephraim, Battle 
Ground, died Sept. 2, '63, Camp 
Sherman. 



*McClure, John W., p. 105. 
*Metz,Geo. P., ambulance driver. 
Pleasant Hill, O., died in '97. 
*McCarty, Thos., Battle Ground. 
*Miller, Michael, Pittsburg, 

wounded July 21, '64. 
*Myers, William, p. 183. 
*Maxson, Augu.stus E., p. 85. 
Myers, John D , Meyers, Pa. 
Matthews. Nathaniel , Pittsburg, 
drowned Oct. 6, '63, in the 
Mississippi, near Helena, Ark. 
McLane, Archibald, Brookston, 

died Dec. 22, '62, St. Louis. 

Nelson, Wm. M , Brookston, left 

sick Sept. 6, '63, mustered out 

Aug. 9, 65, dead. 

Newell, Lemuel A., Pittsburg, 

drowned June 9, "63, in the 

Mississippi near Helena, Ark. 

*Overhaults, Wm , Brookston, 

dead. 
*Pingrey, James M., p. 193. 
Piatt, David, Brookston, p. 87, 
dead . 
*Ramey, John T., p. 155. 
*Ramey, Manly C, p 195 
*Rarden, Wm., Pittsburg. 
*Rush, John W., Pittsburg, 

wounded July 1, '64. 
*Rush, William, Lafayette. 
*Riley, Ebeneezer, Crawfords- 
ville, Ind. 
Russell, John P., musician, 
Brookston, died Sept. 31, '63, 
at Memphis. 
*Sullivan, Patrick, Sergt., St. 

Louis, Mo. 
*Smith, Wm. F., Corp., Lafay- 
ette. 
*Spear, Edmund W., p. 51. 
*Sterrett, Joseph C, p. 197. 
*Summerstate, Christian, Brooks- 
ton, dead. 
*Shaw, Moses F. , Battle Grounds- 
dead. 



222 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantrij. 




JOHN MAPLE AND WIFE, COMPANY I. 

1895. 



Born August 6, 1836, in Franklin county, Indiana. Was mar- 
ried November 29, 1860, to Susannah S. Friermood in Grant county, 
Indiana. They have one daughter. Served faithfully in Company 
I in all campaigns. Since the war has been living in Grant county 
engaged in farming. Is a good, true comrade. Address, Converse, 
Indiana. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



223 



*Sayer, John, unknown. 

*Simms, William T., Riverside, 
Calif. 

*Smith, Greenbery, Brookston, 
dead. 

*Stryker, Richard, Battle 
Ground, dead. 

^Stevenson, Geo. A., p, 224. 

*Smith, Isaac, Brookston, dead. 

*Smith, Nelson G., p. 192. 
Smith, George B., Brookston, 
p. 87. Has been blind for 
years. 

Stewart, George A., Yates Cen- 
ter, Kan,, disch. Feb. 7, '65, 
on account of accidental 
wounds. May 13, "64. 



Shaw, William, Battle Ground, 

died Sept. 2, '63, at home. 
Swiggett, John T., Brookston, 

died March 19, '63, La Grange. 
^"Thompson, Thomas J., Sergt., 

unknown. 
*Trainer, Francis, wounded May 

15, '64, unknown. 
*Walker, George S., p. 19-107- 

111. 
* Walker, Henry V., Brookston, 

captured July 22, '64 and died 

in prison. 
*Waldron, Wesley, Battle Ground 

dead. 
The recruits in this company 

enlisted Dec. 16, '63, or before 

that time. 



COMPANY G. 



Avery, Oscar W., disch. Jan. 
5, '63, Memphis, dead. 
*Beckwith, Benj. F., Serg., 

Greencastle, died in '98. 
*Bray , Amathus, Serg. , unknown. 
*Bray, Jas,, p. 132, unknown. 
Brewer, Geo. W., Stilesville, 

died Mar. 4, '64, St. Louis. 
Brown, James T., Coatsville, 
died Feb. 4, '63, Fort Fowler. 
Barker, Jasper, Clayton, died 
■ Dec. 13, '64 at home, of wounds 
Aug. 31, '64, Jonesboro, Ga. 
"*Beckwith, Isaac O., Lewis, p. 87. 
Brown, Elkanah, Coatsville, 
p. 87, dead. 
^Clark, Absalom, Coatsville, 
died in '99. 
Cobel, Elihu W., Stilesville, 
Corp., disch. Nov. 29, '64, of 
wounds July 28, "63, Atlanta. 
*Davis, David W., musician, 
Belleville. 
Day, John, Clayton, died Feb. 
22, '63, Memphis. 



Evans, Jas. E., disch. Dec. 8, 

'62, Louisville, dead. 
Faulkner, Thomas, Center Val- 
ley, died Dec. 26, '63, Memphis. 
Graham, Allison, Groveland, 
died Dec. 18, '62, Oxford, Miss. 
*Hussey, John C, Lieut., Stan- 
bury, Mo. 
*Hazlewood, Josephus D., Sergt., 

Hazlewood. 
*Hayden, Allen, Lizton. 
*Halfhill, John. Clayton, wound- 
ed on Atlanta campaign. 
*Holley, Joshua D., Pittsboro. 
Harper, Henry C, died Mar. 
27, '63, dead. 
*Jeger, Rodney, p. 165. 
* Johnson, Henry B., Corp., Clay- 
ton, wounded July 20, '64, At- 
lanta. 
*Johnson, Atkins, Chayton, dead. 
Johnson, Wm. S., New Eliza- 
beth, died Aug. 9, '64, of 
wounds July 22, '64, Atlanta. 



224 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




GEORGE A. STEVENSON, COMPANY A. 

1894. 



Born April 4, 1846, in Clinton county, Indiana. Enlisted Au- 
gust, 1862, and served to close of the war, being only 19 when mus- 
tered out. Lived at Linden, Indiana, for seven years after the war; 
in Fremont county, Iowa, three years; in Fountain county, Indiana, 
three years, but in 1879 settled at Monticello, Illinois, which has 
since been his home. His health has not been good and so has lived 
the life of a bachelor. His occupation has been that of a farmer 
and he has a kindly way in treating others and has a host of friends. 
He travels west a good deal and spends his winters when he can in 
the south. Comrade Stevenson takes great interest in the record of 
the old regiment. The picture above was taken about six years ago. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



225 



*Kendall, James P., Hesper, 
Kan., wounded July 22, '64, 
Atlanta. 

*Kurtz, Henrj' F., p. 93. 
Long, James B., Corp., Stiles- 
ville, died April 14, '63, La- 
Grange. 

*Leak, Francis M., Indianapolis. 

*Lambert, John T., p. 183. 

*Lambert, William, Crown Cen- 
ter. 

*Lewis, Thomas M., New Eliza- 
beth, wounded July 20, '64, 
Atlanta, dead. 
Lane, Reuben W., Center Val- 
ley, disch. at Memphis (date 
not known), dead. 
Linville, Solomon, Stilesville, 
disch. Feb. 10, 63, St. Louis, 
dead. 

*McHaffie, Richard S., Corp., 
unknown. 

*Millman, John S., Coatsville. 

*Marley, Orren, Hazlewood. 

Manker, Lewis, died Aug. 31, 
'64, Marietta, of wounds Aug. 
10, '64, Atlanta. 

Monett, James H., Coatsville, 
disch. Jan. 2, '63, Memphis, 
dead. 

Matthews, Hiram B., Stilesville, 
disch. March 31, '63, Memphis, 
dead. 

Myers, Jacob, disch. Jan. 7, '63, 
Louisville, dead. 
*Overstreet, Aaron, p. 193. 

Osborn, Thomas J., died Jan. 
22, '63, Fort Fowler. 

Reid, Tillberry, p. 195. 

Reid, Benton A., 1st Sergt. and 
2d Lieut., died April 26, '63, 
Moscow. 
*Rodgers,iThomas, Hesper, Kan., 
p. 132. 

Rose, Lewis M. , New Winches- 
ter, died Jan. 30, '63, Fort 
FOwler. 



Rushton, Henry, disch. at Mem- 
phis, unknown. 
Richardson, Wm. B., disch. 
March 27, '63, La Grange, died 
Nov. 7, 1891, in Hendricks Co., 
aged 61 years. 
*Selsor, William, Corp., wound- 
ed July 28, '64, unknown. 
*Scotten, Enoch, Hazlewood. 
*Scotten, David, Center Valley. 
*Slaughter, William, unknown. 
"Shannon, John R., Groveland, 

dead. 
*Sauuders, Larkin, Anderson. 
*Sawyers, William W., Hazel- 
wood, captured Dec. 4, '64, 
near Statesboro and mustered 
out June 18, '65. 
*Staley, William, Belleville, 
wounded July 22, '64, Atlanta, 
died in 1895. 
*Smith, Johnson, Clayton, first 
Sergt., commissioned lieuten- 
ant on muster out, 
Sawyers, Daniel C, Clayton, 

died April 6, '64, Scottsboro. 
Stipe, Pleasant, Clayton, killed 
Aug. 13, '64, Atlanta. 
*Thomas, Benjamin F., p. 197. 
^Thompson, Robert N., New 
Elizabeth, dead. 
Turner, John W., Stilesville, 
died May 17, '63, Memphis. 
*Vannice, Isaac N., p. 199. 
*Vannice, Harvey N., Danville. 
*Vannice, David M., p. 199. 
Vuley, Jesse, New Elizabeth, 
disch. March, '63, Memphis, 
dead. 
Worrel, John, p. 199. 
*Wiseheart, Henry H., Reno. 
Weller, Cornelius S., Grove- 
land, died July 16, '64, Rome, 
Ga. 
*York, Smith G., Stilesville. 
*York, John, Fayetteville, N. C. 



226 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




SERGEANT GEORGE O. PUMPHREY, COMPANY E. 

1900 



Born June 18, 1843, at Connersville, Indiana. His parents moved 
to Plymouth in 1848, and to Jasper county, the part now known as 
Newton county, in 1853, where he was living, when at 18 years of 
age George enlisted in Compan3^ E, serving fifteen months as cor- 
poral and the rest of the service as sergeant. He took part in all the 
campaigns of the regiment from first to last. After the war he re- 
turned to Newton county, Indiana, where he resided until 1893, 
when he rented his farm and moved to Rensselaer, Indiana, where 
he has a small fruit suburban place which he cultivates, and also 
makes a specialty of breeding Barred Plymouth Rock chickens, and 
says: "Tell the comrades I forage my milk from a pure Jersey' cow, 
but don't milk it in a canteen." He was married November 9, 1869, 
to Isabel Morris, of Rushville. Indiana, and they had two sons, but 
were so unfortunate as to lose the eldest at the age of 29 years, about 
two months ago, April 6, 1900. He was a bright, intelligent man, 
the author knowing him well, and he left behind a wife and two 
children. His death was sudden and was a sore bereavement to all 
the family. Comrade Pumphrey always attends the reunions and is 
a true man and comrade. Address, Rensselaer, Indiana. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



227 



*York, Andrew J., Grayville, 
111., p. 132. 

*York, Francis M., recruit, un- 
known. 



Yelton, James T.,* New Mays- 
ville, killed Aug. 21,' 64, At- 



COMPANY H. 



*Armstrong', Thomas H., Valley 
Mills, dead. 
Adams, Andrew J , Jericho, 
Ky., Sergt., disch. Mar. 15, 
'63. 
Anderson, Benjamin F , Browns- 
burg, N. C, disch. June 17, '63. 
*Barlow, Thomas J., p. 17. 
*Bailey, William, Sergt., Indi- 
anapolis, dead. 
*Baker, John W., dead. 
*Bray, William, p. 132. 
Brown, Daniel I., died Jan. 20, 

'63, Fort Fowler. 
Budd, Elliott, Burt, Kan , disch. 
Feb. 1, '63. 
*Crane, Thomas J., p. 176. 
»Coffin, Henry C, Danville, 

wounded Aug. 22, '64. 
*CondiflF, John A., Pittsboro, 

wounded Sept 1,'64. 
Colvin, Ira, died at Memphis, 

date not known. 
Chapman, Hugh R., North Sa- 
lem, died July 24, '64, of 
wounds July 22, '64, Atlanta. 
Cochran, Alexander C, Corp., 

(iisch. Jan. 1,'63, unknown. 
Clark, Joseph, Lizton, disch. 
Jan. 1, '63, at Memphis, died 
in 1899. 
Crabb, James W., disch. July 
31, '63, at Columbus, O., dead. 
Dodson, John S. , Corp., Indian- 
apolis, died Aug. 1, '64, at 
Marietta, of wounds July 22, 
'64, Atlanta. 
*Dunnigan, Edw., Sergt., dead. 
*Doughty, Addoman, division 
wagonmaster, 444 Webster 
Ave., Chicago, 111. 



*Dooley, James B., p. 119. 
*Denny , John C. , New Winchester. 
*Dorman, Richard T., p. 177. 
*Dodd, Burdine, unknown. 
*Dodd, John P., unknown. 
Dickerson, Darius, Danville, 
dead. 
*Everetts, .Daniel T., Sergt., 

Rosston. 
English, John, Indianapolis, 
disch. Feb. 2, '63, Fort Fowler, 
dead. 
English, Matthew, p. 87. 
*Gaskill, Adam J., p. 179. 
Gully, Berry, Pittsboro, disch. 
Sept. 6, '63, Camp Sherman, 
dead. 
Homan, Joseph B., p. 190. 
*Harding,Mordecai, Indianapolis 
dead. 
Hensley, JohnM., Sergt., disch. 
Oct. 26, '63, and commissioned 
as 1st Lieut, in negro regi- 
ment. 
Hackley, Robert, Corp., disch. 
Jan 1, '63, Memphis. 
*Jordan, John A., Corp., Pitts- 
boro. 
*Johnson, B. F., p. 59. 
*Loyd, Wm. H. 

*Lingenfelter, John J., Indian- 
apolis, dead. 
Lamb, Anderson, North Salem, 

died Dec. 7, '62, Memphis. 
Lamb, Henry T., North Salem, 
disch. May 5, '63, LaGrange. 
*McCullom, Enos F., musician, 

Wouseon. 
*McCormack, Zuinglius, Indian- 
apolis. 
*Montgomery, Samuel, Lebanon. 



228 Neio History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




CORPORAL EVAN L. HUMPHREYS, COMPANY E. 

1863. 



Born December 1, 1832, in Logan county, Ohio. Was married 
in Jasper county, Indiana, in August, 1856, and has a wife and 
eight children living. He lived after the war in Benton county, In- 
diana, until 1871, when he moved to Kansas and has been living in 
Reno and Kingman counties ever since, and has been engaged in 
farming. Comrade Humphreys was captured April 19, 1863, near 
Holly Springs, while the regiment was on the Chalmer's raid, and 
was sent to Jackson, Mississippi, and kept there until the last of 
May, then sent to Libby prison at Richmond, Virginia. After being 
there eight days he was lucky enough to be put in a room where a 
lot of men were ready for exchange, and was sent to Annapolis, 
Maryland, some time in July and to Indianapolis, Indiana, some 
time in August, but the exchange was not completed until November 
and he re-joined the regiment in December near Chattanooga, and 
served to the end of the war. The above picture was taken just 
after he came out of Libby prison. He was in prison three months. 
His present address is Cheney, Sedgwick county, Kansas. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



229 



*McDaniel, Lewis, North Salem, 

dead. 
*Miller, Charles H , recruit. 

Parsons, John F., p. 193. 
*Pebworth, James H., p. 193. 
*Parsons, Green M. 
*Price, William, dead. 
*Pennington, David, (jayhawker, ) 
North Salem, dead. 
Parsons, Jasper N., Sergt., 

died Feb. 19, '63. 
Pebworth, Robert H., Danville, 

died Oct. 21, '62. 
Parsons, William F., New Win- 
chester, disch, Nov. 12, '62, dead. 
Parsons, George L , North Sa- 
lem, disch. Feb. 20, '63, dead. 
*Potts, John. Lafayette, recruit, 
captured July 22, '64, Atlanta, 
exchanged May, '65, dead. 
Rawlings, Nehemiah W., 2d 
Lieut , Montmorenci, dead. 
*Reynolds, Silas F., Indian- 
apolis, 1st Sergt. and Lieut., 
dead. 
Ralston, JohnB., North Salem, 

died Nov. 26, '62, Memphis. 
Ragsdale, Albert, Indianapolis, 
died Feb. 13, 63. Fort Fowler. 
Robbins, John, Danville, p. 87. 
Riggin, Wm., trans, to Vet. Res. 
Corps May 10, '63, unknown. 
*Splann, Timothy, Sergt., Indi- 
anapolis. 



*Smith, John S.,Corp.,Clerment, 

dead. 
*Stevens, Jacob, captured Feb. 

27. '65, at Lynch Creek. 
*Smith, Elisha, Charleston, 111. 
*Smith, Joseph, unknown. 

Shelly, William, Indianapolis, 
died Nov, 15, '62, Memphis. 

Shepherd, Isaiah M., Corp., 
North Salem, died Sept. 6, '64, 
at East Point of wounds, Aug. 

28, '64. 

Smith, Benjamin, Danville, 

disch. March 14, '63, at La 

Grange, dead. 
Slifer, George, Greenfield, p. 

87, dead. 
Treisey, Jacob A. Pittsboro, 

p. 72. 
Williams, William, Sergt., 

North Salem, p. 78. 
* Walker, William M., 2d Lieut., 

1st Lieut, and Captain, dead. 
*Walters, Harrison, p. 103. 
*Wolven, Geo. O., captured July 

22, '64, Atlanta. 
*Wynn, Jesse W., North Salem, 

wounded May 28, '64, Dallas. 
Walton, William, Corp., New 

Winchester, died March 21, '63. 
Wells, James M., Indianapolis, 

disch. March 14, '63, at La 

Grange, dead. 



COMPANY I. 



♦Armstrong, William G., Loxa, 
111. 
Albaugh, Daniel, Converse, 

died Nov. 7, '62. 
Albaugh, David, p. 174. 
*Bradford, Augustus, Sergt., 

Peru, dead. 
*Bryant, Joel B., Converse. 
Brummet., Frances M., Cary, 
died Sept. 15, '63, Camp Sher- 
man. 



*Butler, Stephen, Converse, dead. 

Branham, Luther, Peru, p. 87. 

*Crakes, George, Andrews, died 

in '99. 
*Cress, Alex., Mexico, dead. 
Cox, Joseph, Peru, disch. Sept. 
5, '63, at Camp Sherman, dead. 
Cate, Noah, Sergt,, Greentown, 
died of wounds received Aug. 
12, '64, Atlanta. 
*Darby, David, Corp , Converse. 



230 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




JOSEPH SHAFER, COMPANY E. 

1900. 

Born in Preble county, Ohio. Enlisted at Morocco, Indiana, 
August 11, 1862, and was in every battle and skirmish in which the 
reg-iment was engaged, being wounded August 3, 1864, in siege of 
Atlanta. He has a wife and three children living. Has lived for 
the last twenty- five years in Reno county, Kansas, his address being 
Haven, Kansas. He is an aptive G. A. R. man and has a warm 
place in his heart for all his old comrades. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



231 



*Devliu, Hugh, Peru, dead. 

*Dollinger, John, Chatsworth, 
111. 
Daily, Jones R., Peru, captured 
July 22, '64, and died in prison. 

*Enyart, Thos., unknown. 

*Friermood, Ezra K., p. 33. 

*Fadely, Abraham, Mier, wound- 
ed on Atlanta campaign, dead. 

*Fike, Jacob, Chili 

*Foster, Jacob B , Carmel, dead. 

*Friermood, Jacob, Converse, died 
in '98. 

*Filley, Benjamin Mier, dead. 
Frierwood, George, Converse, 

died of wounds Aug. 5, '64. 
Gonsor, John, Cary, died Feb. 

22, '64, at Scottsboro, Ala. 
Graft, John T., Denver, disch. 
April 4. '63, at Memphis. 

*Hettinger, Jonathan Section 1, 
Barracks 11, Soldiers' Home, 
Marion. 
Hoyle, George, p. 87, unknown. 

*Kuhn, George, Sims, died 1898. 
Keim, George W., Corp., Chili, 
disch. Jan. 13, "63, at Indian- 
apolis. 
Kimball, Abner D , p. 27. 

*Lindley, Henry C, p. 132, dead. 

*Laudis. Solomon A., p. 181. 

*Long, Jeremiah F., p. 183. 

*Myers, Ira B., p. 21. 
McGonigal, James B., Lieut., 
Oberlin, Kansas. 

*Maple, Elijah G. , Corp., Con- 
verse. 

*.McMillan. Alexander, p. 191. 

*Maple, John, p. 222. 

^Morris, James, Fort Wayne, 
dead 

*Musselman, William, p. 69. 

*McGraw, Frances C, Santafe, 
wounded May 27. '64, dead. 
McGraw, Francis M., Santafe, 
killed July 11, '63, Jackson, 
Miss. 



Meek, Allen S., Converse, disch. 

June 17, '64. 
*Powell, Lemuel U., p. 193. 
*Parks, John C, p. 129. 
*Parrish, Daniel E., unknown. 
*Ream, Alfred A., pp. 55-113. 
*Reece, Michael J., Rich Valley. 
*Reece, Isaac, Terre Haute. 
*Rush, John, Converse. 
Robey, Andrew F , Sergt., 

Greentown, died Aug. 23, '63, 

Camp Sherman. 
Robey, Francis M., Greentown, 

p. 87. 
Rose, Robert, Sergt., disch. 

Dec. 12, '62, unknown. 
*Summers, Dan'l, p. 197. 
*Stitt, David, p. 169. 
*Spaulding, Adin F., musician, 

Wabash. 
*SaUee, Philip, Walton. 
*Shrock, Solomon, p. 197. 
*Spurgeon, Calvin, p. 182. 
*Shin, David, Amboy. 
*Stacy, Lj'man, wounded July 

28, '64. 
*Smith. Edward R., Sergt., Ko- 

komo, died in '90. 
Sullivan, Jefferson, Converse, 

died Mar. 29, '63, Fort Fowler. 
Studebaker, Andrew, Converse, 

died Feb. 4, '65, Louisville. 
*Tuttle, James N., Logansport. 
*Taggart, Benjamin B., Sergt., 

Peru, dead. 
*Vinnedge, Russell, p. 81. 
Weeks, John, Corp., Peru, 

killed July 28, '64, Atlanta. 
*Wetherow, Jacob M., Corp., 

Converse, dead. 
*Whistler, Abraham, p. 47. 
* Wilson, William, Corp., Peru, 

dead. 
*Windsor, David E., Sycamore, 

wounded in Atlantacampaign. 
*Warnock, William C, Syca- 
more. 



232 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry 




CHAPLAIN DANIEL R. LUCAS. 

1862. 

Born January 14, 1840, in Boone county, Illinois. Reared at 
Belvidere in that county. His ancestral line is as follows: "William 
Lucas married Hester Blunt at Middletown, Conn., in 1666. Their 
third son, Thomas, born in 1676, married Sarah Leek in 1705. Their 
fifth son, Moses, born in 1719, married Aseneth Cook in 1746. Their 
second son, Moses Jr., born in 1753, married Abiah Barnes in 1781. 
Their first son, Eber, born in 1782, married Eunice Woolworth in 
1809. Their first son, Albert, born January 31, 1812, married 
Catherine Teeple Robertson. Their second son, Daniel Robertson, 
born January 14, 1840, married Mary E. Longley November 24, 
1861, and they have two sons and three daughters. 

His calendar of life is as follows: 1862 to 1864, in the army; 
1864 to 1865, in provost marshal service in Indiana; 1865 to 1870, 
pastor of church, editor of Benton Tribune and postmaster at Oxford, 
Indiana; 1870 to 1876, general evangelist with residence at Concord 
and Clayton, Illinois, holding meetings in ten different states, 
baptizing 1912 persons in that time; 1876 to 1881, pastor of Central 
Christian Church at Des Moines, Iowa; 1881 to 1884, prepared a 
plan and assisted in founding and building Drake University at 
Des Moines, Iowa; 1884 to 1888, founded and edited the Christian 



Roster of the Regiment. 



233 



Oracle, a religious weekly, a denominational paper of the Christian 
church; 1888 to 1895, pastor of Central Christian church at Indian- 
apolis, erecting in 1892 a large, fine church building; 1895 to 1899, 
pastor Sixth Christian church, Indianapolis; 1899 to 1900, pastor 
Central Christian church, Rockford, Illinois. Have served in Grand 
Army of the Republic, chaplain of Crocker Post No. 12, Des Moines, 
Iowa, three terms; chaplain Department of Iowa, three terms; chap- 
lain of George H. Thomas Post No. 17, Indianapolis, four terms, 
and one term as commander of the post; chaplain ot the Department 
of Indiana and chaplain-in-chief of the National Grand Army of the 
Republic, elected at Cincinnati in 1898. Have been president of the 
99th Indiana Regimental Association since 1888. Address up to 
July 10, 1900, Rockford, Illinois; after July 10, 1900, Indianapolis, 
Indiana. 




MRS. MAUDE LUCAS RUMPLER AND DAUGHTER. 

1896 
DAUGHTER OF THE REGIMENT. 

INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA. 



234 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 




Sergeant-Major Harry Brewer. 



1900. 
(See bketcli on page 189.) 



*^Wolf, George, Converse. 
Wilson, Leander, Peru, died 
Oct. 17, '63, Memphis. 



Warnock, Elmore, 1st Sergt. 
Converse, disch. June 9, '63. 



COMPANY K. 



*Ball, Lafayette, p. 175. 
*Berry, Meshack, p. 175. 
*Bobo, Francis, Delphi, dead. 
*Bobo, Samuel, unknown. 
*Burket, John, Burnettsville. 
*Clark, Arthur N., 1st Sergt., 
unknown. 



*Cook, Charles N., p. 176. 
*Cozat, Warren, Indianapolis, p. 

94. 
*Conn, David, Royal Center, 

dead. 
Carter, Josiah T., Kokomo, p. 

94. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



235 



*Chilcott, Amos, Burnettsville. 

*Dumbaugh, Jno. F., recruit, Lo- 
g-ansport. 

*Gilbert, Moses, unknown. 

*Gates, Geo. R., Gordon. 
Green, Abraham, Logansport, 
died Nov. 21, '64, Clinton, Ga. 

*Halsey, Stephen, Logansport, 
dead. 

*Hollis, Robert, Royal Center. 

*Hazely, Wm. H., unknown. 
Heraud, John L., Logansport, 

disch. Sept. 3, '63, dead. 
Jenks, Wm. R. C, Capt., re- 
signed April 30, '63, unknown. 
Julian, Geo. W., p. 179. 

*Jones, William A. , died at Hills- 
dale, Kan., Mar. 21, '97. 

* Jones, Roney V., p. 125. 

*Johnsoa, William, Logansport, 
dead. 

*Jones, Miles B., Sergt., Chat- 
field, Minn. 

^Kennedy, Edward, musician, 
unknown. 

*Kline, Christian H., Crown 
Point. 

*Kendle, James H., p. 181. 

*Linderman, Christopher, p. 183. 

*Larrimore, Geo. W., recruit, 
Logansport, died '94. 

*Lamb, James, recruit, Kendall- 
viUe. 

*Morrell, Henry O., Logansport, 
captured July 22, '64, exch. and 
lost on the "Sultana." 

*McGregor, Jno. C, p. 183. 

*Myers, Alfred B., Corp., Lo- 
gansport. 



*Mahanansmith, Wm., Corp , 
Ossian. 

*Merritt, Henry, unknown. 

*Miller, Jno. H., Logansport. 

•McCombs, Albert, Royal Center. 
Mattox, Jas. N., Winamac, died 
Aug. 19, '63. 

*Merritt, Rolin, Logansport, 
disch. Feb. 24, '65, of wounds 
July 22. '64. Atlanta. 

*Powell, Orlando, pp. 200, 202. 

*Reser, Weitt, Kewana. 

*Reser, Henry, died at Indian- 
apolis April 19, '97. 

*Richards, James, Burnettsville 

*Stuart, Selden P., p. 197. 

*Shepard, Samuel, Corp., Wal- 
ton, dead. 

*Shaw, Stephen B., Logansport,. 
dead. 

*Shaw, John, unknown. 

*Spencer, James W , Logansport. 

*Stolnaker, Geo. W., Royal Cen- 
ter, p. 104, dead. 

*Stone, Henry H., DeMotte. 

*Thomas, Giles S., Corp., 
wounded July 28, '64, at At- 
lanta, while acting as color 
guard, Geneva, Neb. 

*Thomas, Geo. W., Peru. 
Vanatta, John, disch. Jan. 12^ 
'63, unknown. 

*Walker, Geo. C, Capt., Soda 
Springs, Colo. 

*Winegardner, James A., Deer 
Creek. 
Wigant, James, died July 24, '64, 
of wounds, July 20, '64, at At- 
lanta. 



RECRUITS AND DRAFTED MEN. 

In December, 1862, some re-cruits and drafted men were assigned 
to the company and served until their muster out July 6, 1863, 
The following is the list, and some of them were excellent soldiers^ 



236 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 



and I regret that I have not all 
far as I can. 

Bell, Isaac. 

Brown, Charles W., Shannon- 
dale. 

Crawford, Aaron B., Shannon- 
dale. 

Dwight, Lewis. 

Davis, John W., Newcastle. 

Fishel, Jacob, p. 179. 

Fishel, Solomon. 

Fosnight, Hiram. 

Glassburn, David. 

Gallant, Daniel C. 

Oerhold, William. 

Hardin, Granville M. 

Holland, James, Liberty. 

Holland, John M., Connersville. 

Jones, Abraham. 

Jones, Clinton, Indianapolis. 



their addresses, but give them as 

Jester, Philander, Newcastle. 
King, "William, Indianapolis. 
Kemp, Memford, died March 11, 

'64, at Cairo. 
Larrowe, William, Newcastle. 
Martin, Warren. 
Petit, Thomas. 
Roberts, Hiram H. 
Ragan, William, South Bend. 
Surface, David, died at Haines' 

Bluff, July 9, '63. 
Surface, Wm. E., died in 1894, 

Oak Grove, Mo. 
Surface, Daniel. 
Smith, Jackson. 
Turner, Cornelius. 
Welker, David, Newcastle. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 



REUNIONS OF THE REGIMENT. 



1888. 
First reg-ular reunion was held in Peru, Colonel Jo- 
siah Farrar, president; Captain Ira B. Myers, secre- 
tary, and Comrades W. H. Spaulding, Ream and Parks 
on committee. Sixty-seven comrades were present and 
a splendid camp fire was held in the opera house. Chap- 
lain Lucas was elected president and Captain Myers 
continued as secretary. 

1889. 

Met in Indianapolis, September 24th and 25th, with 
eighty comrades present. United with the 100th Indiana 



Reunions of the Regiment. 237 

in camp fire, Captain Charles W. Brouse, of that regiment, 
acting" on committee. The officers elected were D. R. 
Lucas, president; J. P. Merrill and H. W. Wige, vice 
presidents; R. H. Wells, secretary; Miss Maude Lucas, 
the daughter of Chaplain Lucas, then a young girl 15 
years of age, was elected "Daughter of the Regiment" 
and has attended every reunion of the regiment since 
with one exception. She is now Mrs. Maude Lucas 
Rumpler and at the last three reunions has brought a 
grand-daughter named Mary Louise Rumpler, born Sep- 
tember 28, 1895. Their picture appears with that of the 
chaplain in this volume. 

1890. 

Met at Crown Point, September 3d, and held a grand 
reunion. Colonel Berkey was there and seventy-eight 
other comrades. It was thought best to have a perman- 
ent president of the association, with a local committee 
from the place of reunion each year to arrange for the 
entertainment, program and other matters of interest. 
Chaplain D. R. Lucas was chosen permanent president. 

1891. 

The reunion was appointed at Detroit, Michigan, at 
the time of the National Encampment G. A. R., but the 
attendance was stiiall, only twenty seven registering, 
and they were never altogether. Comrade Martin L 
Whitman was living in the city at the time, and gave all 
the boys a hearty greeting, also Captain Heath, at that 
time living in Lansing. 

1892. 

Went back to Peru for reunion and had a grand one. 
The same comrades. Colonel Parrar, Captain Myers, 
Spaulding, Parks, Ream, Minnie, etc., doing all in their 
power to welcotae the comrades. Seventy-five were 
present. 



Reunions of the Regiment. 239 

189^ 

Met at Indianapolis, at the time of the National 
Encampment, September 4th to 7th, and had over 100 
comrades present, many of them having- their wives with 
them. One evening: was spent with Chaplain Lucas, 
and all enjoyed the gathering- as only soldiers can who 
have belonged to the same regiment. 

1894. 
Met at Crown Point, October 2d, with Comrades Mer- 
rill and his daughter. Alia, Boney and his daughter Cora, 
Wells and his daughter Jennie, and Comrade Wise were 
on the committee. The picture of most of those present 
was taken the last day and will be found on the opposite 
page. The four comrades holding the flags are, begin- 
ning on the left, Parks, Erb, Wise and Brownell. The 
comrades in picture are : 

The Chaplain and his daughter. 

Company A. — Comrades Wells, Merrill, Barton, Erb, Brownell, 
White, Snyder, Michael, Pierce, Spaulding, Dickinson, Boyd, Stoltz, 
Gerrish. 

Company B.— Captain Curry and Levi Slifer in first row. 

Company C— Edmunds, Wood, Drawans, King, German, Young. 
Bay, Harman, Sheets. 

Company D.— Nimrod, Tritt and his wife, and Minnie. 

Company F.— Comrades Cochran, Ramey, Brackney, Dyer, 
Critchfield. 

Company G. — D. M. Vannice, wife and daughter, and I. N. 
Vannice. 

Company I.— Comrades Ream, Parks, L. U. Powell, Summers, 
Spurgeon, Elmore Warnock and Shrock. 

Company K.— Orlando Powell, J. H. Miller. 

The flags are the ones given to the regiment by the 
government at the muster out, and were taken home by 
Quartermaster Cathcart and loaned to the post at West- 
ville, where he lived. When the regimental association 
claimed them they were freely given up by the post and 
have been at all reunions since. 



240 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

189^. 
Met at Log^ansport, Aug"ust 27th, Orlando Powell, 
Captain Julian, Lieutenant McGregor, D; M. Vannice 
and J. H. Miller acting as committee. Seventy-four 
comrades were present and all had a gopd time, espec- 
ially at a day meeting in the park. 

1896. 

Met at Converse, in Miami county, Tuesday, August 
25th, Comrades L. U. Powell, Daniel Summers, Calvin 
Spurg'eon, David Stitt and Joel Bryant acting as a com- 
mittee. Everybody delighted and happy. 

1897. 

Met at Brookston, August 24th and 25th, with Cap- 
tain Cochran, and Comrades M. C. Ramey, Fred Jen- 
ning-s and all the Brookston comrades acting as commit- 
tee. Sixty-four comrades present and a fine assembly. 

1898. 

Met at Crown Point, August 30th, with Captain Wells, 
Comrades Boney, Wise and Barton, and Misses Alia Mer- 
rill, Cora Boney and Jennie M. Wells, acting- as commit- 
tee. Sixty-seven comrades were present and all had a 
good time, though the absence of Lieutenant John P. 
Merrill, who had died in 1897, made a vacancy which all 
felt very sincerely. 

1899. 

Met at Danville, August 30th and 31st. Major Homan, 
Captain Thomas, Comrade Harvey N. Vannice, and 
all the Danville comrades and their wives gave the 
"boys" a fine reception. 

1900. 

The reunion this year will be held at Indianapolis on 
Tuesday and Wednesday, September 18th and 19th, the 
time of the state fair, so as to get reduced rates on rail- 
roads. There will also be a meeting at Indiana head- 
quarters in Chicago at the National encampment of 
which due notice will be given. 



CHAPTER XXVII. 

ANECDOTES, FACTS AND INCIDENTS. 

The reg-iment marched 3,620 miles in its regular cam- 
paigns, was transported by water 1,895 miles and carried 
716 miles by railway, making a total of 6,231 miles of 
travel in fifteen states. 

The regiment from first to last had seventy-one com- 
missioned officers, two colonels, four lieutenant-colonels, 
and four majors, and it is a remarkable fact that thirty- 
five years after every one of the seven men who held 
these positions, Fowler, Parrar, Berkey, DeHart, Powell, 
Homan and Moore are all living, not one of them having 
passed away, their ages being this June, 1900: Powler, 
78; Parrar, 73; Berkey, 66; Powell, 74; DeHart, 64; Ho- 
man, 61; Moore, 61. 

There were always many queer saying's by the 
soldiers like this. "I'm like the root of my tongue this 
morning," said a member of Company C, as he crawled 
out of his bunk one rainy morning, "I feel down in the 
mouth." 

A 70th Ohio man said, "Do you know that Grant, 
Sherman, Sheridan and McPherson, were all born in 
Ohio?" "Yes," responded a 99th Indiana man, "so was 
Vallandingham, Long-, Pendleton and Pugh." Honors 
were considered equal. 

One of the things the soldiers did during- the war was 
to make a good many additions to the dictionary. Take 
the word "skedaddle" as an example. Some soldiers 
were flanked in battle and ordered to save themselves 
by getting back to a new line as expeditiously as pos- 
sible. One of them outran the rest and when halted by 
officer, was asked, "What are you running for?" "Simply 



242 Ntw History of the Nintty-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

because I can't fly." "All right," said the ofi&cer, "sked- 
addle, then." A skedaddle is thus a little faster than a 
run and not quite as fast as a fly. 

Two other words are the words "greyback" and 
"greenback." The former little pest was so called from 
the fact that they were originally found in the abandoned 
camps of the confederates. They were, however, no 
respecter of persons, and were the foes of Yank and 
Johnny alike. The greenback when first issued, was 
ridiculed greatly by the enemies of the government. 
They asked, "What is the difference between Job and 
the greenback?" The answer was, "The former knew 
that his redeemer liveth, but the greenback has no re- 
deemer." The soldiers, by their valor and victory, made 
tbe greenback worth its face in gold and it was redeemed. 

In the days when there were orders against foraging, 
it was amusing to see how the officers would manage not 
to see a soldier when he picked up a chicken, or cap- 
tured a stray pig. One night, while on the march, we 
went to bed, or rather to rest, for we never really went 
to bed in those days, without any meat for supper. Dur- 
ing the night I discovered in the darkness that there 
were a dozen sheep making their way through camp and 
woke up Major Berkey and told him of it. He went out 
where the boys were sleeping and called out: "Men, get 
up and put away your bayonets, there is a flock of sheep 
in camp and they will hurt themselves on them." Hav- 
ing done his duty he went back to bed, but we all had 
mutton for breakfast. When the chaplain ate of it he 
recalled Paul's injunction: "Eat what is set before you, 
asking no questions for conscience sake." 

There were many of the negroes of the south who 
looked upon the coming of the "Yankees" as being sent 
directly from Heaven to deliver them. Going by a com- 
pany of them in Alabama one day an old white headed 
darkey shouted out: "Bress de Lord, dat done sent you 
all down here?" A soldier said: "It was President Lin- 
coln that sent us, not the Lord." "Dat done make no 



Anecdotes, Facts and Incidents. 243 

duft'rence, de Lord am mity thick wid Massa Linkum 
dese days, dey's workin' togedder." 

On coming" up the river from Vicksburg on the boat 
the bar was closed and locked, yet a goodly number of 
the men became intoxicated and had to be put under 
guard, and the great mystery was where they got their 
whiskey. A. F. Spaulding now explains the mystery. 
He says: 

"Ben Taggart, Al Ream, Jim Tuttle, Israel Minnie and Jona- 
than Hettinger found an augur in the hold of the boat and crawled 
up on the coal and wood right under the bar and bored a hole up 
through the floor, through the grating on which the barrel rested, 
and then let the whiskey down into our camp kettles." 

Thus one by one the unwritten history of the war and 
its mysteries are unfolded. 

It was while we were baptizing in Black River, Mis- 
sissippi, that Col. Cockerill, of the 70th Ohio, when told 
that forty men had been baptized in the 99th Indiana, 
said: "Adjutant, detail fifty men of the 70th Ohio and 
have them baptized to-day, for it will never do to let 
that Indiana regiment get ahead of Ohio.'' 

It was during a meeting at Camp Sherman where I 
was preaching on the text, "If God be for us who can be 
against us?" and I repeated it several times rather 
vehemently, when an Irish soldier asked, "Chaplain, 
would yese like to know?" to which I answered, "Cer- 
tainly." "Jeff Davis an' the divil, then, if yese want to 
know." There was a grim smile went round the audi- 
ence, and when I said, "You are right, we will fight Jeff 
Davis and his host until we conquer them, then we will 
fight the devil all the rest of our lives; all in favor of 
that will say amen!" The response was fervent and 
emphatic, and a good many of them are fighting the 
devil yet. 

On the Atlanta campaign the Union and Confederate 
forces met in seven regular battles, fifty engagements 
usually called combats, and forty-eight skirmishes beside 
the regular picket firing, making a total of 105 regular 
actions. 



244 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

In my youthful days no word of reproach was so dis- 
tasteful as to call a man a "bummer,'" but there was a 
band of men in the 99th who adopted the name "Sher- 
man's bummers," and any one of them to-day is still 
proud of the title. They fed the army, scouted the coun- 
try, captured towns, and did much to make the enemy's 
cavalry trouble on the march to th e sea and up through 
the Carolinas. 

When the regiment was discharged at Indianapolis, 
June 15, 1865, Dr. Butterworth offered a resolution pro- 
viding for "a social reunion of the regiment at Logans- 
port, July 28, 1866." This was never held, but it shows 
that the doctor at that time had a conception.of the feel- 
ing that would bind the soldiers to the memories of the 
past. He was a little in advance of his time. It is a 
curious fact that the 99th was the first regiment to ap- 
point a teunion after the war. 

The surgeons were called non-combatants, and yet 
the surgeon general's report shows that 336 surgeons 
died during the w^y. ,0f them 29 were killed in battle, 
IjC died of wounds, 12 were accidentally killed, 4 died in 
rebel prisons, 8 of yellow fever, 3 of cholera, and 271 
died of other diseases. Of this latter number was Assis- 
tant Surgeon Isaac S. Russell, of the 99th. Twenty-five 
surgeons were seriously wounded but recovered. 
"Thomas still moving, well and good, 
"'■" ,T ,. The cause by all is understood, 
• L'.rt vf! jjg doesn't like his neighbor-Hood." 

In his report in War Records, serial 98, page 32, 
Sherman says: 

"At noon of the day appointed (April 17, 1865, in North Carol- 
ina) I met General Johnston for the first time in my life, although 
we had been interchanging shots constantly since May, 1863. Our 
interview was frank and soldier-like, and he gave me to understand 
that further war on the part of the confederate troops was folly, that 
the cause was lost, and that every life sacrificed after the surrender 
of Lee's army was 'the highest possible crime.' " 

The meeting of these veterans to arrange terms of 
surrender is one of the historic ones like that of Grant 



Anecdotes, Facts and Incidents. 245 

and Lee. The terms granted by Sherman were uncere- 
moniously rejected by Secretary Stanton and the author- 
ities at Washing-ton, and their criticisms of Sherman 
were very severe, and he was ordered to proceed with 
the fight. But they did not understand General Sher- 
man nor conceive the spirit that moved him, as he him- 
self says: 

"To push an army whose commander had so frankly and hon- 
estly confessed his inability to cope with m e was cowardly and un 
worthy the brave men I led." 

A bright young soldier was put in the guard house by 
Colonel Fowler for some misdemeanor, and by some over- 
sight had to stay there all night. The next morning he 
was reprimanded and sent to his quarters. On arriving 
there he was asked where he had been, when he responded: 
' ' I have just been delivered from the snare of the Fowler. " 
He had been reading his Bible, especially Psalm 91:3. 

Comrade William H. Power, of B, gives the following: 

"I was one of five who were left in the first skirmish pit west of 
the famous peach-tree pit on the night of August 26, '64, with orders 
not to talk, nor shoot, nor leave until 2 a. m., while the army pulled 
out at 8 p. m. for a flank movement to the right. The Confederates 
mistook it for a retreat and were overjoyed, and the bells began 
ringing in the city, bands began playing, and we could hear them 
yelling and singing at the top of their voices, mingled with salutes 
of artillery.* They would call out, 'Yanks, how soon are you 
going?' and they finally threw three hand-shells at our pit that 
would make a hat raise. After waiting awhile, that valiant soldier, 
Israel Minnie, Co. D, said to Lieutenant Ira B. Myers: 'I am going 
to try to get out of here; I don't like to listen to those yells and shouts, 
and bells and bands of those rebs, and not be allowed to shoot. ' The 
rest pf us sanctioned Minnie's determination to get away, so Lieu- 
tenant Myers said to Minnie: 'You go east to the first post and I 
will go west and tell the boys we are going.' They soon came back 
and reported all gone, and we were all alone. We put on our knap- 
sacks and got ready and proposed to go. Finally Lieutenant Myers 
said: 'Time is not quite up, but I can't hold you I see, neither can I 
hold this rebel army, so I will go and share your fate.' We slipped 
away, keeping close together, and after a night and day of wander- 
ing found our regiment close to Jonesboro, ready for the fight there. " 



♦General J. D. Cox, in his book, "Atlanta," tells how for two days at rhis 
time Hood thought that Wheeler's cavalry had cut his communications so that 
Sherman was retreating and crossing the Chattahoochie at Sandtown. 



246 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

The men of the 99th learned to know and very highly 
regard the officers of some of the other regiments. Ma- 
jor William B. Brown of the 70th Ohio, who was killed 
at Atlanta, August 3, 1864, w^as one of them. His last 
words were: "Boys, take the works, and tell the gen- 
eral Idled at my post, doing my duty." He died a model, 
christian soldier. 

It used to be said of General Logan that he could give 
more reasons why an order should not have been issued 
to him and at the same time execute that order better 
than any general in the army. He sometimes criticised 
but he never failed to execute. 

It was the pleasure of the author to go over the 
works on Sherman Heights at Mission. Ridge, three 
years ago, with Comrade Daniel Summers, of Company I, 
and we found the whole line of works from those we 
made on the right clear around to those made by Light- 
burn's brigade on the left, almost as perfect as the day 
they were made. They have not been interfered with in 
any way and if preserved, will remain as they were 
for a hundred years or more. 

The soldiers, if they had any regard for their chap- 
lain, always delighted to get a joke on him, and even to 
this day when a soldier tells you a funny incident on an 
officer, you may know at once that he has a high respect 
for him, for it is a fact that soldiers never laugh at, or 
about, officers they did not like. One night, at Fort Fow- 
ler, the chaplain was at the hospital until late, and had 
just gone to sleep and did not hear the alarm, — the beat- 
ing of the long roll,— and so, while all the rest went to 
the fort, he remained peacefully sleeping in the large 
tent outside. The alarm was found to have been caused 
by a sentinel shooting at a prowling cow, instead of a 
confederate, and all went back to their quarters and 
found the chaplain asleep. The colonel, half waking 
him, said, "Chaplain, there has been an alarm, you ought 
to have gone to the fort; you will get killed some night 



Anecdotes, Facts and Incidents. 247 

if you stay here." They tell it that the chaplain mut- 
tered a reply, "I don't care a d — n if I do, I am going to 
have some sleep/' Now, the fact is, this is all true, ex- 
cept the "damn," but putting that in made a good story 
on the chaplain, and though he has heard the story told 
a good many times by members of the old regiment, he 
has never had the nerve to deny it. 

The soldiers used to be great on geographical puns. 
A comrade complained about getting up one morning 
when a Company A man said to him, "Get up! and don't 
have that Snake Creek Gap on your Rocky Face, for if 
you do have a Crawfish Spring in your step, you've got to 
Rome to New Hope church to-day; get up!" A member 
of Company P, from the Wabash bottom, said of some of 
the poor soil in the hills of Georgia, "One would have 
to fertilize it to make brick of it.'" 

The aggression and terrifllc charges made by the con- 
federates and their slaughter on the l^Oth, 22d and 28th 
of July, at Atlanta, caused many of his subordinates to 
regard the tactics of General Hood as a failure. During 
the' close contact of the two armies after the 28th, there 
was at times some chaffing between the pickets, and on 
one occasion the following is said to be the exact colloquy: 
A Yankee picket called out, "Well Johnny, how many of 
you are left V" To this a Confederate replied, "Oh! about 
enough for one more killing."' 

A confederate soldier at Vicksburg was very hungry, 
but he refused to eat horse flesh, saying, "I shall have 
the night-mare if I do." "Try mule meat, then," said a 
comrade. "Then when I snore you'll say I'm braying,' 

A. P. Spaulding, of Company I, a musician, in a note, 
says: 

"The worst place I was ever in was on May 15, 1864. After our 
regiment moved around to the right and took our place in line at Re- 
sacca, we were on the northwest side of the Ostanaula river, in 
plain sight of the town and the enemy. Our skirmish line had ad- 
vanced across an old "deadening," the regiment, in battle line, 



248 New Histo7y of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

were on a hill overlooking the whole field. We could see the rebel 
skirmishers as they dodged from tree to tree, advancing their lines. 
As our skirmish line advanced we saw Frank Trainer, of Company 
F, badly wounded, shot through the shoulders, and he lay in a kind 
of a road exposed to the reb's fire all the time, and it was the hottest 
and wickedest skirmishing our bbys were ever in. It was our turn 
with the stretchers, Paul Dodge, Alonzo Thorn, Wesley Davis and 
myself. From the time we left our works we were undei fire from 
the rebel skirmish line and also from sharpshooters. Oh! it was 
awful how the bullets did hiss and strike around us when we got to 
where poor Frank was. Davis rolled him over and we got him on 
the stretcher. As we started back a Missouri captain in charge of 
the skirmish line called out, 'Who in h — 1 sent you out here in such 
a d — d hot place after a dead man?' We said nothing but got back 
as soon as we could. I wonder where Frank Trainer is now, I 
never knew what become of him. " 

Comrade Breyfogle, of Company C, writes me: 
"On the pursuit of Hood, Tom and Will Martin, Sylvester De- 
vall, Nicholas Beaver, James Vanover and myself, were sent out on 
a foraging expedition to a place called Center, on the Coosa river, 
when we encountered a body of rebel cavalry. It seemed that we 
were all gone, sure. Our only chance was to jump into the Coosa 
river which we did, and by doing our best we all got away except 
James Vanover. Poor fellow, he had to go to prison, but when he 
was exchanged was lost on the Sultana. It was a close call. I 
often wonder if those comrades are alive." [William Martin died 
in 1885, Sylvester Devall in 1892.— Author]. 

Captain John C. Nelson of the 70th Ohio, who mus- 
tered out the regiment at Washington, is now and has 
been for many years an attorney-at-law in Logansport, 
Indiana. 

Lieutenant John C. Parks still has the last star that 
was on the old flag, and a small piece of each color of 
the flag, and the fringe and tassel. Some pieces of the 
old flag are fastened upon the new flags which belong 
to the regimental association. 

The musicians who were the "stretcher corps" in 
time of battle saw many sad scenes that others did not. 
One of them, A. F. Spaulding, in a letter says: 

'•One of the saddest things 1 saw was at Fort McAlister. My 
brother. Will, and myself were helping to gather up the wounded, 
and oflF in a clump of bushes we heard some one moaning, and on 



Anecdotes, Facts and Incidents. 249 

going- there found a young rebel soldier shot through the lungs and 
dying. By him was his little brother not more than twelve years of 
age, and he was trying to raise him up. The dying man said, 
'Oh, Johnny, don't! let me die just as I am.' He lived but a short 
time. We learned that the family lived not far from there and the 
little brother had been there a few days paying his soldier brother a 
visit, and as it was the fortune of war to see him die. The little 
fellow appeared heartbroken." 

One of the saddest days that ever came to our country- 
was the day that our brave captain, Lincoln, lay dead on 
the deck of the ship of state. The crew were mute 
and silent, but the wave of speechless agony that swept 
across their hearts was of the kind that overwhelms 
with the black flag of despair. O, sad, sad day! 

The death of Gen. James B. McPherson, on July 22, at 
Atlanta was a source of great sorrow to all the men of 
the Army of the Tennessee. He was a brave and gallant 
officer only thirty-six years of age and had distinguished 
himself in many ways, having the true soldierly instincts 
that betoken military genius and success. 

Colonel Berkey, under date of May 10, 1900, writes 



"I wish to call attention to May 28th in front of Dallas. I had 
charge of the division skirmish line, with companies of 48th Illinois, 
70th Ohio and two companies of the 99th and others. While on the 
skirmish line and within 100 feet cf the enemy, Captain Homan, of 
Colonel Oliver's staff, came near and called me and said, 'It was 
Colonel Oliver's orders that I should advance the skirmish line as far 
as I could. ' I said if they went any further they would be cut to 
pieces, and he said, 'That was the orders and must be obeyed.' I 
advanced the line at once, but the firing was so heavy the 70th Ohio 
and 48th Illinois gave way and Companies A and B were flanked 
and the consequence was that Company B lost twenty-nine men 
killed, wounded and missing. The captain of Company B said that 
five men came up to me and ordered me to surrender, but that I suc- 
ceeded in getting away from them. I then ordered Companies A and 
B to fall back to the main line. On my way back I carried one of 
Company B'smen on my shoulders. I mention this because it was 
thought by some that I had advanced the line on my own account, 
which is absolutely without foundation. During a lull in the fight- 
ing on July 28th, about 2 p. m., Captain Philips, of Colonel Oliver's 
staff, cime up and said it was Colonel Oliver's order that the regi- 



250 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

ment should make an "open charge." I told him the regiment was 
ready if he gave the order. We charged out into the open field and 
fired every time we got a chance at the rebels. I found that we were 
alone, no other regiment in the brigade had gone with us, and both 
flanks of my regiment were exposed. I then ordered the regiment to 
capture what men they could and get back into the works. We took 
back with us five commissioned officers and fifty-five men." 

The burial of a soldier is one of the sad tasks of his 
comrades. When in camp it was always attended with 
more formality than after a battle, and in camp we could 
usually get a plain coffin. His shroud was his martial 
suit of blue, for how better could a soldier rest than with 
his soldier outfit upon him. He was borne from his 
quarters to the grave by four of his comrades, usually 
his messmates, the body preceded by the regimental 
band, and there are feAV echoes that wake the air with 
more doleful melody than the "dead march"' as its minor 
cadences come from the roll of the muffled drums. Even 
yet its mournful symphonies seem to stir my heart, as I 
remember how it affected me as some loved comrade was 
borne to the grave. Following the band at the head of 
the coffin came the chaplain, and behind the coffin came 
the comrades of the departed one, often as devoutly sin- 
cere mourners as ever dropped their tears upon the cold 
and silent clay. Arriving at the grave the body is 
lowered into the tomb, when the chaplain with a few 
words of scripture, usually the twenty-third Psalm, be- 
gins a short address based upon the promises of God that 
inspire hope, pointing out the fact that God was too wise 
to err, to good to be unkind, and that out of all the sorrows 
of earth man should come to joy at last, that death is 
only the way by which we come into life eternal. A few 
words in regard to the life and character of the deceased, 
a verse or two of some familiar hymn, usually "Jesus 
Lover of My Soul," is sung, when the chaplain closes 
with a prayer, especially remembering the loved ones far 
away, who will sorrow so heavily when they hear that 
their soldier boy is numbered with the unreturning 
braves and will never come to his home again. The 
firing squad then fire three rounds over the grave and 



Anecdotes, Facts and Incidents. 251 

the company go back to take up the duties of life again, 
feeling in their hearts that the flag of their country is 
more dear to them because another comrade has died in 
its service. Many who died under the flag died also 
under the cross, and these two great symbols were to 
them the tokens of the great fact that the flag blesses 
man, while the cross saves him. 

Lieutenant-Colonel W. V. Powell sends me the fol- 
lowing correction of account on page 106: 

"Since examining the matter more fully I think I must be mis- 
taken about our firing- on the rebel flag. All the rest of the account 
is true. The three companies, I, G and H, not only protected the 
flank of the 99th, but, as I believe, saved the 15th Michigan from 
capture. 

The Indiana regiments in our division and their offi- 
cers became well known to us. The 12th Indiana, Colonel 
Reuben Williams was one of them. He was made briga- 
dier-general at the close of the war and is still living at 
Warsaw, Indiana, engaged in his old business of editing 
a newspaper. The author has met him and his regiment 
in their reunions a number of times and always had a de- 
lightful time. The 97th Indiana, Colonel R. C. Catter- 
son, was another. He was also made a brigadier-gen- 
eral and lived at St. Cloud, Minnesota, the last report 
I had of him. The 100th Indiana, Colonel Albert Heath 
was another. Of Colonel Heath I know nothing. 

Not far from Elk river, Tennessee, the regiment 
halted at a cross roads, one-half on each side of the 
crossing road. When the order was given at the head of 
the column, it was not carried across the road so that 
only one-half of the regiment started. The adjutant 
being with the rear half soon discovered how it was and 
rode forward, saying, "Colonel, halt for a short time, 
half of the regiment has been left behind." The order 
to halt was given when the file leader of Company A 
shook himself like a horse and remarked, "Well, I 
thought the load pulled a darned sight'easier than be- 
fore." The conceit that he was the lead horse of a team, 



252 Neio History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

was so ludicrous that it caused a hearty laugh and liv- 
ened^up the weary marchers very greatly. 

The capture of Atlanta was the greatest military cam- 
paign of the war. When Sherman's hosts invested Atlanta 
they were virtually 474 miles from their base of supplies, 
it being 186 miles from Louisville to Nashville, 151 miles 
from Nashville to Chattanooga and 137 miles from there 
to Atlanta. All the way from Louisville to Atlanta a 
majority of the population was hostile to his purpose 
and spies upon his line of communications. Perhaps the 
best tribute of the genius of Sherman was that of a 
confederate soldier when told that a tunnel had been 
blown up on Sherman's line, said, "That will make no 
difference, for he carries duplicate tunnels and bridges 
with him anyway." 

Comrade A. E. Maxson, of Company F, sends the fol- 
lowing: 

"After Atlanta fell, General Sherman ordered all citizens to go 
south and leave the city, saying- in reply to the protest of the Confed- 
erate authorities, that after Vicksburg fell we fed their citizens at 
great expense while they were fighting us, now he proposed that 
they should care for their own people. East Point was selected as 
the place of exchange and 100 men of the Fourth Division of the Fif- 
teenth Corps was selected, one from each company in the 99th of 
which I was one, all under command of Captain Walker as a guard 
to preserve order. We met the same number of Confederates at East 
Point and made a joint camp, they on the south, and we on the north 
of town. We had good tents and plenty to eat, while they had no 
tents and poor grub, and our camp was soon a place of attraction to 
the Johnnies, many of whom took advantage of it to desert to our 
lines. One night while on picket, I gave the opposing picket in- 
structions how to desert next day which he did. There was a spring 
that supplied both camps with water and there we could tell the 
Johnnies that the war was about over and they better quit, a thing a 
good many of them did. Long trains of cars and wagons arrived 
daily with old men, women and children, who were leaving their 
homes with their all in a little bundle they could carry with them. 
It was sad but some of the women were quite jovial. A party of 
women came to the spring while I was there for water, one of whom 
finely dressed in silk, was quite lame. I gave them water and 
asked the cause, to which she replied, "You uns throwed a lamp 
post an' it struck so near to me that I jumped and sprained my 



Anecdotes, Facts and Incidents. 253 

ankle." The lamp post was one of our long pointed shells. The 
boys in our battery g-ave me $85 in good Confederate money and I 
bought seventeen plugs of tobacco for them with it. It took about 
eight days to get all through, and the last thing was to exchange 
1,000 prisoners. The contrast was very great— the Confederate pris- 
oners we turned over were in good condition and had plenty of ra- 
tions, the Union prisoners were bareheaded, barefooted, with only 
such clothing as they could make from grain sacks. They each had 
a piece of corn bread about two inches square, and said it was a 
day's ration. I went to my tent, got a box of crackers and threw it 
across the guard line It broke open and the crackers scattered, but 
the starved boys tumbled over each other in trying to pick them up. 
How happy they were to think they were .so near home and plenty 
again. After spending ten days with the men we had been fighting 
for four months, we returned to our command near Atlanta." 

The march of Sherman and his hosts from Atlanta to 
the sea was such a daring and brilliant achievement in 
the eyes of the onlooking" world that it has in some meas- 
ure obscured the march of that same army through the 
Carolinas in the winter of 1865. If the Carolina march 
had been made first, it would have been the great event, 
for while the 99th marched over 400 miles on the Atlanta 
to Savannah tramp, they marched from February 1st to 
the surrender of General Johnston in North Carolina 
over 500 miles, or 513 miles to be exact, and the difficul- 
ties in the way of rivers, swamps and bad roads was far 
greater on the latter than on the former march. It is 
the first time a great deed is done that gives it the place 
of eminence and fame, but the soldiers who made the 
Georgia march and the Carolina march will tell you that 
in hardships, in trials and difficulties overcome, the 
Carolina march was much the greatest. The fact is that 
the poets and orators have selected the autumn picnic 
for their theme to the neglect of the dismal winter 
tramp. 

One of the first things for every soldier on going into 
camp was to begin to sing, no matter whether he had 
been accustomed to sing or not. Song afforded a vent 
for exuberant patriotism, and no philosopher can ever 
compute the influence of song in the preservation of the 
union. The compulsory surrender on the part of the 



254 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

south of such patriotic songs as "The Star-Spangled 
Banner," "E. Pluribus Unum," "The Red, White and 
Blue," and others of like character was a source of great 
weakness to them as they were of strength to the union 
cause. The original secessionists of South Carolina had 
a very pretty song, "The Bonnie Blue Flag," but the 
chorus, "That bears the single star," made it inappro- 
priate as soon as the confederacy was born and put more 
stars upon it. They parodied it with the "Stars and 
Bars," but the yankees did the same by the parody, 
"Hurrah, for the brave old flag, that bears the thirty- 
four stars." 

When the 99th entered the service public sentiment 
had advanced to the point that made song of "Old John 
Brown," a great favorite, and every soldier who could 
sing at all would come in on the chorus of "Glory, glory, 
halleluiah," with an unction and a vim that was exhiler- 
ating and uplifting, if not melodious in harmony. If one 
will analyize the first verse of that song as sung by the 
army in 1862-3, he will find that there is a sentiment that 
is plain and easy to be understood, and at the same time 
appealing to the loftiest flight of the imagination. The 
statement 

"John Brown's body lies mouldering- in the tomb, 
But his soul goes marching on," 

was an embodiment of sentiment in such form as to 
appeal to all hearts, the dull, plodding lethargist could 
grasp it and the fanciful sanguineist could expand it 
into the realm of poetry and see the spirit of the im- 
mortal Brown leading to the extinction of slavery the 
armed hosts of the union. 

The other verses, as sung at the time, were more ex- 
pressive than poetical. The one 

"We'll hang JefiF Davis on a sour apple tree, 
As we go marching on, " 
was only the outgrowth of the first in the expression 
of what the army would do under the inspiration of the 
hero of Ossowatamie. In the nature of the case it must 
be a ''sour apple tree" for no other kind would do, and 



Anecdotes, Facts and Incidents. 255 

when the soldiers sang it, whether the meter required it 
or not, the emphasis was always on the word sour, and 
the voice was prolonged a little and the mouth assumed 
the shape that would be produced by eating a sour apple, 
and as I look back at it now it is rather astonishing how 
the hanging of Jeff Davis and the sour apple tree were 
so closely and so appropriately bound together. 

The third verse had in it more of pathos to me than 
any of the others. The words 

"His pet lambs will meet him on the way, 
As his soul goes marching on," 

were born of the tradition that he stooped and kissed 
a negro child while on the way to the gallows. The old 
phophecy in the fortieth chapter of Isaiah, "He shall 
gather the lambs with his arm and carry them in his 
bosom, and gently lead those that are with young," 
coupled with the fact that nearly all his life John Brown 
had been a shepherd, and that he would shield the slave 
mothers and their little ones, always came before me 
when I heard the verse sung and the sentiment always 
caused the soul to vibrate with tenderness and tears. 

Many other words have been written to this melody, 
but none to me the equal of the three lines, or verses, if 
you choose to call them such, for such they are by repe- 
tition, until Julia Ward Howe wrote the "Battle Hymn 
of the Republic."" 

This was undoubtedly the greatest hymn born of the 
war. It is a great hymn because it links the ages in a 
song. It is great in simplicity and strength. The story 
of Eden and the sacrifice of Calvary swing into the mel- 
ody with the sweep of the destiny of the ages. I can- 
not forbear quoting them here: 

"I have read a fiery gospel, writ in burnished rows of steel, 

As ye deal with my contemners, so with you my grace shall deal, 

Let the Hero, born of woman, crush the serpent with his heel, 

Since God is marching on. 
"In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea, 
With a glory in his bosom that transfigures you and me; 
As he died to make men holy, let us die to make men free, 
"While God is marching on." 



256 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry. 

The hymn was but the expression of that great wave 
of justice that swept over the hearts of the people of the 
nation that led to the proclamation of emancipation by- 
President Lincoln. On signing it he wrote, "Upon this 
act I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind and 
the gracious favor of Almighty God."' It was the up- 
lifting of the nation to the level of the hymn. May the 
nation always remain on that high plane of justice and 
judgment. 

While calling on General Sherman at Des Moines, 
Iowa, in company with a party of Grand Army men in 
1884, I said to him in a sort of tentative way, for he was 
being much talked of at the time for president, "I think, 
General, that march to the sea ought to make a man 
president of the United States."' He looked at me with 
a quizzical smile on his face and said, "Young man, do 
you know there have been twenty presidents of this 
country and only one march to the sea?" We saw the 
point, and turning his hand to the few scattering locks 
left on his head, he remarked, "The time was when you 
gentlemen could pull the wool over my eyes when you 
were hiding chickens, but you can't do it now with talks 
of president." After a pleasant evening we bade him 
good-night, and I never saw him alive again. 

A comrade writing, in allusion to the old days, wants 
to know "what trumps is going to be ?" In response the 
chaplain would say, it will not be clubs, for clubs are 
used to fight with, and our fighting is all over; it will not 
be diamonds, for we are all too poor to wear any; it will 
not be spades, for spades are used to dig graves with, 
and we are not going to die yet; so it will be hearts, for 
it is with our hearts that we love our comrades, and so 
from this time forth with all the 99th men hearts will be 
trumps. 

The years have gone but the soldiers love to live over 
again the days of trial, of battle and march, of camp and 
field, the days when they took an even chance with 
death for their country.