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Full text of "The New Jersey coast in three centuries: history of the New Jersey coast with genealogical and historic-biographical appendix"




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THE 



/..-. ( 



NEW JERSEY COAST 



IN 



THREE CENTURIES 



History of The New Jersey Coast 



Genealogical and Hisioric-BiographicIil Appendlx 



WILLIAM NELSON, Editor. 

AUTHOR OF "TllE INDIANS OF NEW JERSFY." ETC. 
IDITOR OF THE "NEW JERSEY ARCHIVES." 



I L Iv U S T R AT K n 



VOL. III. ■":■.:■ 



The Lewis I'dbeisiiing Company 

new york and chicago 

li)02 



^0 3^-i 









INDBX. 



Ackcrson. CoiiKliiis, 158 
Ackcrson, Jeflfor.-on, 261 
Ackcrson, Lewis C, III 
Albright, Andrew, Jr., 382 
Alsop, Thomas. 177 
Anderson, William E., 319 
Appleby, T. Frank, 169 
Applegale, Angella W., yji 
Applegate, Ashcr T., 449 
Applcgate. W'illJam. 4 
Armstrong, Addison A., ,?ig 
Armstrong, John L.. 3,^ 
Aumack. Jacob \V., 32g 
Avery, James D., 114 
Avery. Thomas N.. 175 

Baily. William N.. 99 
Baird. David, 35 
Baird, John. 436 
Bannard. William II.. 437 
Barchwctz. Oscar, 468 
Barclay. Isaiah I)., 374 
Barkalnw, Cornelius C 341 
Barkalow. James J., 351 
Parkuloo. Tnnis S.. 154 
Batclielor, Edward, 407 
Bateman, W. C, 413 
Becker, John H., 299 
Beckmann, John E.. 165 
Beegle, Isaac N., 270 
Bell, Robert. 184 
Bell. William A., 137 
Bennett, Albert W., 472 
Bennett, George C, 417 
Bennett, George M., 405 
Bennett, James P. B., 162 
Bennett, Samuel J., 181 
Bennett, William H.. 254 
Bergen. William M.. 4<X) 
Bildcrback, P. W., 488 
Blair, James C, 218 



r...niu'll. J..lin W. }.. 366 
Burden. Charles 11.. 477 
Borden. Jacob. 255 
Bordtn. James E.. 259 
Borden. John W.. 263 
Bostwick. Arthur W., 173 
Bourgeois, George A., 82 
Bo wen. David C. 401 
Bowman, George W., 152 
Bradshaw. Albert M., 191 
Brady, Michael, 204 
Bray. A. J., 90 
Bray. James. 106 
Brinley. Walter K.. 187 
Brisfed. Susan Smith. 22t) 
Hrokaw. I. P., .^47 
Bronner. Harvey. 215 
Browcr. Edward. 455 
I'rowcr, William S.. Jr.. 208 
Brown, .\rthur M.. 7 
Brown. Ferdinand. 491 
Brown. John. 70 
Brown. Jonathan 1'... 179 
Brown. Joseph N.. 172 
Brown, Nelson M.. 89 
Brown, Oliver H.. 257 
Brown. Robert 1... l()4 
Brown. Walter D., 212 
Brown. Willis G.. 190 
Bryan. William, t,(« 
Buck. David. 15 
Buck. V'akntine I'.. 11 
Bur<!ge. WilH.im. 209 
Burns. Joseph G.. 59 
Burrowes. Joseph T.. 145 
Burtis. John N.. 29 
Butterbach, Nicholas, 198 

Campbell, John J.. 406 
Carhart. William H., 214 
Carman, William. 452 



INDEX. 



Carpenter. B. l^vcrL-ll, igy 
Case, William H., 139 
Casler, Peter, 300 
Chadvvick, Francis, 195 
Champion, Ira S., 376 
Cliandlcr, Eli H., 220 
Chase, L. A., 227 
Cherry, Moses, 329 
Child, Henry J., 200 
Christie. James W., 338 
Clark, Cornelius V., 493 
Clark, Joseph S., 420 
Clayton. Frederick D., 203 
Clayton, Pierson H.. 235 
demons. Welcome G., 447 
demons. William, 267 
Clevenger. John C, 383 
Cliver, Joseph L., 495 
Clivcr, Samuel A.. 403 
Coan, John A., 66 
Cohen, George B.. 216 
Coleman, Andrew R., 494 
Comings, George T., 172 
Comstock, George, 246 
Conard, Marry, 58 
Conover, A. D., 486 
• Conover, Daniel. 353 
Conover, James. 458 
C<inover. James W.. 6 
Conover, John T)., 305 
Conover, J. Don, 110 
Conover. Joseph A., 4(15 
Conover, Ten liyck, 1 10 
Conover, William M., 3 
Conover, William T., y^<) 
Conine. Henry, 227 
Cfinine, John W.. 341 
Cook. Charles E.. 495 
Cook. John H.. 473 
Cooke, Henry G.. 234 
Cooley. Herbert S.. 77 
Cooper, Alfred, 389 
Cooper, Benjamin M., 2,y 
Cooper. Edward M.. 143 
Ciioper. Francis E.. 224 
Cooper. James. Jr., 145 
Cottrell. Hiram, 316 
Cotlrell. William C. 372 
Cranston. A. P., 122 
Cranston. Irving L.. 445 
Crawford, James C. 146 
Crawford, John B., 230 
Crawford, John H.. 197 
Craw^ford, Richard, 232 



Crego. Mile. H.. 37 
Creiniing, E. l-^. 431 
Crine, Miichacl, 112 
Cronk, Lyman, 193 
Cross. J. Wesley, i8g 
Curr, William. 228 
Curtis, John H.. i ro 

Daly, Philip, 424 
Danser, James V., 461 
Davis, H. F., 241 
Davison, Benjamin D.. 174 
Davison, John, 183 
Davison, John A., 457 
De Graw, Frank E., 266 
l)e GrofF, William. 430 
Dennis. Albert, 155 
De Noie. Vera, 231 
Dey, John P., 462 
Dey, John R.. 459 
Dey, Mathias, 301 
Dey, Peter J.. 18.S 
Dickinson. Isaac P.. 301 
Dill. John C, 221 
Disbrovv, William, 370 
Dodd, Peter F., 236 
Dodge, Paul I,., 425 
Du Hois, Benjamin V., 42 
Dunigan, Thomas F., 244 

lickert, .Xdani, 240 
Eisner, Signnmd, 475 
Ellcnberg, (Jeorge, 283 
Elmer, .Amos. 482 
Ely. John L., 429 
Emmons, Reuben, 217 
Emmons, William A. N.. 328 
Esberg. Isaac B.. 443 
Estell, Joseph Q., 463 
Evans, John, 51 
Evans, John C, 450 
Evans, Mrs. George W., 141 
Everett. Charles, 77 

l-"allon, Thomas T., 345 
Feltman. Lewis J.. 411 
Fenlon. Edward F.. 88 
Fenton, John. <)4 
Ferris, James L.. 4.S5 
Field. Joseph, ,M 
Field, Joseph T.. 276 
Fielder, John H., 182 
Fisher, John V.. 242 
Fisher, Robert, 32 



INDEX. 



Fisher, William P.. 442 
Fisk, Charles J., 484 
Fithian. George W.. 72 
Flitcroft, J. K., 133 
Flynn, James J., 56 
Frick, Fred. 71 
Furiiian. Lcmianl. IJ5 

Garrctson, Jolm G., 251 
Garrigan, William H., loi 
Gates, Daniel, 130 
Gerns, Jat-iih G., 480 
GifFard, William, 491 
Gordon. George C, 225 
(jrace, .Monzo L.. 207 
Graham, Thomas, 21 
(iraiit, Thomas H., 142 
(irecn. J. Elwyn, 281 
Green. Luther, 54 
Cireen, William 1., 105 
Gregory, John H., 378 
Grenelle, L. O., 322 
Griffin, Mile C., 128 
Grover. Arthur L., 66 
Grover, John R.. 167 
Gucrin, Claude V., i 

Ilag.iman, }Tarry T., 250 
Hagerman. George E.. 489 
llagcrman. William R., 19 
Hagerty. Thomas II.. 440 
Haines. lidward E.. 268 
Hall. Conrad F., 485 
Hall. Frederick E., 168 
Ham, William R., 269 
Hamillon. William H., 403 
Hance. Borden, 412 
Hanee, Frank, 298 
Hance. William. 87 
Hand. .Aaron W., 264 
Hankins, Charles. 137 
Hankins, Charles A., 25 
Hankins, Harry A., 427 
Hankinson, Mrs. John H.. 2(J2 
Hanson, Jacoh, 442 
Harris, Samuel C. C, 262 
Hartcnstcin, Edward, 256 
Harvey, Charles, 452 
Harvey. James. Sr., 143 
Harvey, Longstreet, 414 
Hay ward. William, 478 
Hazard, E. C, S 
Mearn. Stephen, 84 
Hciser, John, 466 



Hendrickson. Daniel F., 432 
Heiulrickson, Margaret E., 467 
Hendrick.'^on, William H., 343 
Hennessey, Garrett, 276 
Hennessey, John. 440 
Herbert, Sidney, 459 
Hetrick, Clarence E. F., 457 
Heyer, Francis K., 260 
Hilliard, Courtney, 83 
Hilthrunner, Ernest, 295 
Hiscr, Christopher, 419 
Hoagland. G. G., 171 
Hoben. Thomas, 434 
Hodges, Frank H., 95 
Holman, James D.. 272 
Holmes, .Xshor H., 280 
Holmes, Chrincyonce S., ^84 
Holmes, John S., t6 
Hommann. Charles C. 411 
Honce, John D., 222 
Hopper. Egliert. 294 
Hopper, Rulif F., 278 
Hopper, William T.. 151 
Hopping, John T.. 2 
Horner, Charles, 426 
Hubbard, James. 93 
Hulse. John W., 23 
Hults, E. A., 370 
Hurley, Azariah C., 166 
Hutcliinson, Addison. 325 
Hyer, Isaac K. I-.. 290 
Hyer. John \'an I'elt, 288 
Hyers. John II.. 279 

Irving. James. 405 
Irwin. Charles L., 311 

Jackson. A. J., 249 
Jackson, William S.. 75 
Jeffrey. William E.. 237 
Johnson. Frank H.. 304 
Johnson, Grandin. 135 
Johnson, James E., .302 
Johnson, J. Frank, 214 
Johnston, Joseph W., 408 
Jones, Isaac, 462 
Jones, Lewis I)., 310 
Jones, William, 330 
Jones. William 1... 157 
• 

Kahle. Louis. 339 
Kellogg. Robert M.. 306 
Kelly. William A.. 380 
Kelly, William C . 120 



INDEX. 



Kcnimcix-r. Harry, 470 
Kennedy. Wellington. 2.^S 
Kenney. \'ii:lor D., 52 
Keongh, Jnhn W., 386 
Kilmer. Nelson II.. 314 
King, lienjamin, 312 
Kinnionlh. Hiigli S.. 419 
Kisner. (ieorgc B.. 476 
Kitcliel. F. M.. 439 
Kroeger. .'Xugusl, 479 
Knlms. Jolni P... Jr., 303 

La Comptc, (larrett T.. 213 
Lafayette, The Hotel. 244 
I,;il<e. Henry. 205 
LaiuHs. Howard C.. .W4 
I-iwes. Willi.-un H.. 316 
Lc Complc, Charles R., 326 
Le Comi)te, E, F... jiy 
Leigh, .\dclhcrl S. D., 85 
Leonard, F. W.. 247 
Leonard, John S.. 248 
Letson, Joseph C, 357 
Levy, Henry, 404 
Lewis, Charles ■^., 451 
Lewis, Richard S., 41 
Liddle. Clarence M.. 125 
Liddie, C.cnrge S., 437 
Liddle, John, 400 
Liddle, Joshua, 373 
Li|)pincott, .Xdon, 121 
Little, Jo<e])h, 320 
Lohsen, Cieorge H., 472 
Lohsen, M. C, 2.j5 
Longstreet, Hendriek. 324 
Longstreel, Mary .\., 324 
Loxe, Rohert C, 315 
Low, Cynis L.. 287 
Low, George C, ,363 
Ludlow, Samuel. 454 
Lmn, Charles H., 55 
Luther, Frederick, ^7 

Macdonald. William L., 340 
Magee, Cieorge K., 97 
.M.igee. Joseph, 196 
Mark, Joseph. 61 
.\Ia-on, Roherl P., 332 
Masnn. Wesley. 109 
Mason. Williaiu, 127 
Mathews. Harrison, 211 
.Matthews. Cornelius, 460 
ALilthews, Isaac A.. 286 
-Matthews. John H., 321 



Matthews, Joseph C, 487 
Matthews, Joseph C. 296 
Maurer, Winfield. 210 
McCabc. .Mhert D.. 409 
.McClces. Jnhn, 3.^4 
McClecs, Peter J., 88 
McColgan, James, 48 
McOede, William J., 4.^8 
Mrhenuiilt, .\l)r;diam, 219 
McDowi-ll. (i. C, ^.IS 
Mcl.e.in. Henry C. 336 
Mielke, Henry W., 153 
Miller, Taulman A., 133 
Minton, James H.. 342 
Montgomery, John F.., 152 
Morgan, F.dmund .S., 434 
Morgan, Tali F.. Si 
Morris, Aaron. 45 
Morton, Alfred H„ 166 
Mount. IXnnicI .A., 186 
Mullen, Alexander, 90 
Murray, David, 199 

Nash, William 11., Ol 
Ncsliitt, l'"Iienezer S., 487 
Nevill, J.ihn H., .398 
Newliury. Sleplien W., 245 
Nivison. .Ashury F., 45 
Nohlc. Thomas, 334 
Noe, David O., 385 
Noe, James F., 384 
Niirtli. James, 292 

( ):ikhur-l I'lddie .School, 2.\,^ 
O'llara. William P.. 446 
()lil)hant. David S., 107 
( )<1)orn, .Ahram, 361 
l)>-linrii, Cornelius, 176 
( )s1iniii, l"):mkliii, 359 

Paeh, Morris, 141) 
Packer, Peter Hall. 34') 
I'alnur, William M, 156 
Palmer. William II.. 187 
Parker, Cieorge. 461) 
Parker, Michael IL, 180 
Parker, William H., 423 
Parker. William T., 374 
Parsclles, F, II.. 410 
I'atterson, Franklin, 352 
Patterson, John C, 3.S0 
Patterson, Joseph C, 399 
Patterson, Peter V., 424 
Peters, Theodore G., 358 



iNi)i:x. 



IVttcys, l':ilisnii 1).. _>8() 
Philips, Anluir L., 402 
Phillips. Eilwaid H., 364- 
Phillips, Howard W., joi 
Pinlard. Eugene, 469 
Pillenger, George W., 31^5 
Posten, Anizi McL., 475 
Potter, Louis C, 360 
Potter, Phineas, 482 
Potter. William H., 1 1(1 
I'ownall, Mrs. V. W'.. 455 
I'rier. I".. II.. 14L) 
I'lillen. Charles, 367 
Purcha.se, A. T., 363 

Quackenhoss, Theodore P>.. 176 
Quackenhoss, William H.. 70 
Quackenhush. George M.. 297 
QuackenUush. Richard M., 355 
Quin, F.ihviii S., 277 

Kadley. Alfred N., 96 
Ruppelyca, Stafford I... 60 
kead, Charles, 20 
Read. Thomas II., 20 
Red Bank Register, The, 473 
Redhing. Thomas, 67 
Reed, Edwin B., 5 
Reed, Joseph E., 423 
Reed, Spafford W., 362 
Reeves. George H., 388 
Reid, John, 422 
Remsen, John, 168 
Reya, John P.. 84 
Reynolds, Rowland. 117 
Reynolds, John P., 313 
Reynolds. John T., 400 
Rice, Edward L.. 380 
Riggs, Addison II.. 147 
Riker. John L.. 456 
Riker, Samuel. 13 
Roherts, Daniel E., 12 
Rohinson, Daniel II.. 162 
Rockafcller, Harry J.. 86 
Rockafeller. John, 492 
Rogers, .Mhert T., 22 
Rohrbach. Peter N., 210 
Rollinson, Henry B., 317 
Roome, John W., .349 
Ross. Charles J., 26 
Rothfritz, Richard \'.. K.. 436 
Ruf. William II., 474 
Runkle, Harry G., 295 
Rmiyon, George D., 206 
Ryan. Patrick L.. 218 



Salz. A., 453 
.Savage. Joseph W.. 53 
Schanck, David. ,^94 
Schanck, Elias P.. 22,^ 
Schanck, Elisha S. C, 253 
Schanck, (iarrett. 24 
.Schanck, John C. 102 
Schenck, Edgar, 97 
Scheuck, Henry, 226 
Schenck. Joseph H. C. 150 
.Sclniitzler. iMMicst. 131 
Schulls, John 11.. 115 
Schwartz, Jacoh, 271 
Scott, Henry D., 78 
Scott, Martin II.. 313 
.Scull, Harry S., 322 
.Seelcy. Robert S., 3,33 
Sccly. Willi;ini M.. 406 
.Sheehan, John, 119 
Sheppard; B. F., 231 
.Shwendeman. George, 415 
Sickles, h'rederick, 271 
.Sickles, George II., 271 
Sill. Lybrand. ,597 
Singleton. William B., 270 
.Skidmorc. .Xbrabam. 307 
.Skidmoie, John 11.. 425 
Smith, .Mhert C, 144 
Smith, Charles .A., 138 
Smith. Charles J., 101 
Smith. Edgar H., 354 
.Smith. Fraid< L.. 64 
.Smith. Louis H., 282 * 

Smock, Benjamin DuB., 27 
Smock, George A.. 356 
Smock, John H.. 163 
Smyth, William H.. 331 
Snyder. Thomas E.. Jr.. 92 
Sofield, Alfred F.. 148 
.Sparks, (jeorge. 243 
Spencer. Ira T., 188 
Spencer, William .\.. 392 
Spnnd, Joseph P.. 379 
Stacey, William T., 477 
.Steele, .Vngustus. 396 
Steele. Spencer C. 397 
.Stephany, Robert E.. 246 
-Stevenson, John, 203 
Stout, Ashley B., 40 
Stout, Charles L.. 318 
Stout, John ][., 275 
Stout. Wesley B.. 412 
Stratlon, John L. N., 481 
Slratton, Josiah ,\., 108 



INDEX. 



Stults, Cornelius V., 242 
Stulls, Frederick I., Jr., 416 
Siilphcn, Archibald, 485 
.Suydam, Elijah P., 461 
Siiydani, John L., 8 
Swan, Webster, 357 
Szynianowski, Stephen, 177 

Tantum, Ehas C, 415 
Talncll, Henry J., 100 
Taylor, James G., 274 
Taylor, Morford, 31 
Taylor, T. R., 285 
Thompson, Charles H., 58 
Thompson, Fred V., 194 
Thompson, Howard E., 348 
Thompson, Thomas, 354 
Thompson, William H., 91 
Thomson, John, 421 
Thorn, R. Howard, 68 
Thorne, Harriet A., 140 
Tice, George H., 289 
Tice, Ira B., 64 
Tillman, Peter, 104 
Toomey, James B., 479 
Trnax, Anthony T., 105 
Trustrum, William, 435 
Turner, George, 184 
Tusting, Robert A., 428 
Tuttle, Frank L., 496 -^ 
Tiizenew, John H., 140 
Twiford, George B., 94 
« 

Vail, Daniel, 49 
Van Brakle, James M., 48 
Van Urunl, Benjamin, 377 
Van Cleef, Ilendrick, 304 
Vandcmark, Darius, 117 
Vanderveer, Garret S., 338 
Van Derveer, John D., 483 
Van Dorn, Daniel P., 18 
Van Dyke, William T., 44 
Van Hise, Isaac A., 216 
Van Keuren, Melvin R., 1 14 
Van Kirk, Peter, 79 
Van Mater, William, 46 
Van Nest, John H., 50 
Van Nortwick, Davi<l F.. 431 
Van Nolc, L. D., 80 
Van Pell, William J., 444 
Voorliees, Charles A., 62 

Wainwriglu. lI.il>Uil H., 4114 
Walling. Alfred. Jr., i6i 



Walling, C. Herbert, J26 
Walling, James K., 239 
Walling. James S., 24 
Walling, James T., 36 
Walling, Rufus O.. 160 
Walling, Thomas M., 103 
Walling, William A., 30 
Ward, William W., 326 
Wardell. J. Herbert, 211 
Warden. William K., 86 
Warn, Will E,, 14 
Webster, Warren, 98 
Weedcn, William C, 323 
West, Abner H., 38 
West, Nicholas E., 291 
Whitaker, Walter K., 57 
White, Charles P., 202 
White, Charles T., 103 
White, Isaac B., 134 
White, J. Leon, 63 
White, Lyttleton, 120 
White, Nicholas V., 471 
White, William H., 128 
White, Wintield, 298 
Whittle & Gibson, 489 
W'ight, James S., 464 
Wilhclm, Emil, 50 
Wilkins, George, 124 
Wilkins, Pauline, 371 
Willctt, David M., 154 
Willey, John H., 112 
Williamson, Nicholas, 123 
Williamson, William K., 393 
Willis, Asa, 156 
Wilson, Henry S., 324 
Wilson, Jacob IC, 1 13 
Wilson, Richard, 118 
Winchell, DeWitt C. 451 
Winckler, Thomas J., 32S 
Woglom, .Miraham T., 71 
Wood, George N., 3^7 
Woolley, Edmund T., 56 
Woolley, William E., 249 
Worth, Adam, 385 
Worlman, James E.. 136 
Wyckoff, William 11., 8 
Wylie, Robert J., 43 

Yetm;m. John. 309 
Vetni;ui. William. 30S 
^'elnlan, Willi.'un, 411J 
^^>nIlg. James C, 418 

Zanilt, 1 lenry D., 448 
Zelllcninve?-, TliDmas V.. 202 



THE 

NEW JERSEY COAST 

IN 

THREE CENTURIES 



CLAUDE V. GUERIN. 

Claude V. Guerin was boni September 8, 18C7, in Jersey City, son of Sanniel B. 
and Evelyn (Kale) Guerin. He is o£ French ancestry and comes of Huguenot stock. 
Two brothers having eurgrateil to escKpe religious persecution in France, settled in 
early colonial days in Morristown, New Jersey. Descended from this ancestry, Vin- 
cent Guerin, the grandfathtr, was a thriving merchant at Martinsville, Somerset 
county, and subsequently at Boimd Brook, New Jersey. He was an active Repub- 
lican and held at diflferent times various political offices. He was a constable at 
Bound Brook ; a freeholder of Bridgewater township, and a member of the board 
of education there for several years. He was a prominciit member and elder in the 
Presbyterian church and left children, Samuel B., and Henry V. 

Samuel B., the fatlier, born at Mendhani, Morris county, Nc\v Jersey, later 
of Martinsville, was educated in Martinsville and in the public schools of Bound 
Brook. He v.as a grocer at New Brunswick until i86i ; he served during the Civil 
war in the si.\ty days service with the Fifth Pennsylvania Reserves. Removing liO 
New York City in 1864, he carried on the wholesale provisiion business as a member 
of the firm of Comstock & Co. for six years. He then on account of ill-healtli located 
on a farm in Middlesex count)-. New Jersey. In 1881 he removed to Asbury Park, 
where he owns valuable estate. He is an active Methodist and has been a steward 
in that church for many years. He has but one child, Claude V. 

Claude V. Guerin, educated in the public schools in Piscataway township and in 
New Brunswick, removed with his father in 1882. to Asbury Park, entered the high 
school there, from which he was graduated in 1886 as valedictorian of his class. He 
read law four years in the office of Hawkins & Durand, and was admitted to the 
bar in November, i8go. Beginning practice in 1891 he established a lucrative busi- 
ness, making a specialty of surrogate and probate court business and municipal law. 
He has been engaged in much important litigation and many notable cases, among 
which may be cited the Spencer will ca.se. the Sickles case, which decided fifty cases 
of a similar nature involving the question of the constitutional rights of niuiiicipali- 
1 



2 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

ties relating to license fees. Mr. Giierin is assignee of the estate of J. J. Parker, 
which involves $100,000 claimed by more than two hundred individuals. 

Politically Mr. Guerin is a Republican and has been delegate to congressional, 
county and state conventions. He has been a nxember of the board of education 
since 1896 and is at present secretarj- of the board. He is a member of Neptune 
Lodge, Odd Fellows, and of the order of Red Men, 

Mr. Guerin participated in the Spanish-.\merican war. The beginning of hostili- 
ties found him Corporal of Company A. Third Kegnncnt. Nev, Jersey National Guard. 
With his regiment he enlisted and served during the war. He advanced rapidly, being 
promoted sergeant of Company A, then first sergeant, ihcii second lieutenant of Com- 
pany B, Third New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. He is now first lieutenant, Company 
H, Third Regiment, New Jersey National Guard. 

Mr. Guerin is deeply interested in church work. He is a member of St. Paul's 
church of Ooean Grove, and for nearly eleven years has been superintendent of 
Sabbath -school of the church. For the past two years he has been superintendfui 
of summer schools at Ocean Grove. In October, 1S93, he was married to Ruth, daugh- 
ter of John V. N. DeHart, of Somerville, Somerset county, New Jer-ey. They ha\e 
one daughter, Ruthi. 

• ♦-•-♦ • 

JOHN T. HOPPING. 

John T. Plopping, of New Monmouth. New Jersey, was born in that city January 28. 
i860. The first ancestor of this family to settle in America was Captain John Hopping, 
who emigrated from Ireland and located at Port Monmouth. James Hopping, pater- 
nal grandfather of John T. Hopping, was a resident of New Monmouth. New Jersey, 
anl he was famlHarly known as Judge, having otficuited in that capacity for Mon- 
mouth county. He married Miss Patience Tilton, and their children were Edward ; 
Sarah, who married James Frost ; Mary, who married Thomas Leonard ; and John 
J., the father of our subject. James Patterson, the maternal grandfather of John 
T. Hopping, was born near the 'Shrewsbury river, Monmouth county, where he was 
content to remain all his life. He chose farming as an occupation. In his politics 
he was a stanch Democrat, and was elected by that party to serve in several town 
offices, and he was also chosen to represent Monmouth county in the senate at 
Trenton. He was a consistent niemlier and attendant of the Baptist church at Mid- 
dlctown. New Jersey. He was twice married, having selected for his first wife, Miss 
Deborah Trafford, and their children were Jehu, who served as county clerk of 
Monmouth county for many years ; Hannah : Margaret and Anna. The maiden name 
of his second wife was Miss Lydia Hopping, and tlie following children were born 
to them : John H., Dr. James H., Samuel, Ewing Patterson, Henry J., Joseph C, 
Rebecca, Mary Harriet, Lydia, Charles and Allen. 

Joliii J. Hopping, father of John T. Hopping, followed the occupation of a 
farmer all his life. He had three farms, nggrcgatiiig two hundred and twenty-tive 
acres, and he kept them all in a state of cultivation, raising an extensive crop of gen- 
eral farm produce, which found a ready market. He was considered a thorough 
business man, and he held the esteem and respect of his fellow citizens. Politically 
he was a Democrat, and he was elected to fill \arious local offices. He nrairried 
Hannah Patterson, daughter of James Patterson, and their three children arc James, 
Mary .X, and John T, Hopping, The father of these children died June 5, 1891, 
aged sixty-nine years, and his widow died .^pril 24. i8<)8. aged seventy-si.x years. 
James P. Hopping, eldest son of John J. and Hannah Hopping, was born November 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 3 

28, 1850. He received his education in the public sciiools and at New Brunswick, and 
has since been engagtd in farming on the old homestead, which is situated in Lcon- 
ardsvillc, New Jersey, and consists of one hundred acres. In addition to this 
vocation, he is actively engaged in the lumber business in tlic tirm of Hopping & 
Ely, at Atlantic Highlands. He was married to i\[iss Helen A., a daughter of Joseph 
S. Ely. Mary A., second child of John and Hannah Hopping, was born July 25, 
1854. and died October 15. 1879. 

John T. Hopping, the third child of John J. and Hannah Hopping, acquired his 
tducaeion in the New Monmouth Academy, and after completing his studies he chose 
farming as an occupation, and he now conducts an extensive market gardening and 
trucking business. He has resided for the past seventeen years in a handsome house, 
vrhich he built according to his own ideas, on a tract of twenty acres. He is also 
the owner' of a farm of one hundred and twenty acres in the vicinity of his home. 
Mr. Hopping is a man of progressive ideas, and the methods he employs in tlie 
cultivation ot his land places him in the front rank of Monmouth county's agricul- 
turists. He has recently engaged in the quarrying of gravel for road purposes, and 
in the top soil business, which con.sists in the shipping of fertile soil to be used 
in top tracing and the fertilizing of barren soil. Mr. George Gould's historic 
place at Lakewood has received a large amount of this top soil fertilizing, and to this 
is due the beaaty and growth of the vegetation. In this line of business he employs 
a large force of men constantly. He is an adherent of the Democratic party, and he 
has been elected to serve at the present time as road commissioner. 

Mr. Hopping was united in marriage to Miss Lillie Van Mater, daughter of 
Gilbert H. Van Mater, who was born in Holmdel. Moniuouth county. New Jersey. 
He was a farmer, merchant and miller, and resided in Holmdel during the early 
part of his li'.e, while he later removed to Red Bank. He married Miss Sarah H. 
Holmes, and their children were Eliza H., who died at ten years of age; Huldah H.. 
who married Robert W. Cook; John H., who married Nellie Conover, and died in 
Virginia; William A., a civil engineer; IJr. Daniel H.. who married Susan Aaronson ; 
Emma L., who married Robert K. Young, an attorney at Wellsboro. Pennsylvania ; 
Sarah, who married B. M. Potter, an attorney at Wellsboro, Pennsylvania ; Lillian 
Louise, who married John T. Hopping: and Henry Cook, who died ii; infancy. Mr. 
Van Mater died July 23, 1902, his wife having died August 24, 1886, aged sixty- 
four years. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hopping, the eldest of 
whom. J. W. Hopping, now sixteen years of age and attending school, had his 
pictures and history widely heralded through the "New York Press" last year on the 
advent of his fifteenth birthday as liciiig the largest boy in Monmouth county. 1ki\- 
ing tipped the scales at two hundred and sevcii pounds. 



WILLIAM M. COXOVER. 

The highly esteemed citizen who worthily bears the name of William M. Conover 
is a representative of one of the oldest and most highly considered families of 
Monmouth county, New Jersey. The Conover family, or as the original spelling 
made it, Cowenhoven, dates back through centuries to a worthy Hollander. Herr 
Albert Cowenhoven, who was born in the land of the Zuyder Zee on December 7, 
1676, and emigrated with his wife, Neeltje Raelopse Schinock, who was LVjrn on 
January 2j. 1681. Thiry were married in 1701 and reared their family in the new 
country, the names of the children being as follows: Will'iam. Roclof, Antie. Janatie, 
Seltie, Margaret, Sarah, Pretie. Neeltye, Garrett. John .iiid Cnrr.elius. 



4 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

William Conover, son of Albert, the original settler, was born on March 7, 
1702, and died in 1790. He married Elizabeth VanCleve and they had the following 
children; Alhert, Benjamin, Joseph, David, William, Isaac, Sarah, Eleanor, Eliza- 
beth, Hendriek :.nd Mary. 

Benjanwn, the son of William Conover, married Catherine Wycoff, and to this 
union were born : Garratt B. and Joseph. 

William li. Cono\er, son of Benjamin, was born in 1752, and died on Augnst 

15, 1807. He was married to Eleanor Foreman on January 11, 1774, and their family 
consisted of Catherine, Peter F., Benjamin, Eleanor, .Wycotf, Ladya, Ladya and Alice. 

Peter F. Conover. son of William B., was born on October 16, 1776, and died 
on December 25, 1855. He was married to Jane De Wise un November 22, 1799, 
and then- family record was as follows: D:',nicl, William. Garrett, Eleanor, Elizabeth, 
jane, Edward M. and Benjamin F. 

Edward II. Conover, son of Peter F.. was born on July 19, 1822, and died on 
SepteniOer 6, 1879. His marriage was to Margaret Ann Campbell, and to this union 
were born : Samuel W., William M., Peter F. and Hannah B. 

WilHrni M. Coiiover, who is the subject of this Sketch, was born on September 

16, 1852. in Monmourh county, and there received a good common school education. 
During the succeeding years he has been engaged in farming and is considered one 
of the leading agriculturists of the county, operating one of the largest estates in 
Atlantic township. 

- Mr. Conover was married on November 26. 1873. to Miss Margaret DuBois, 
and to this union there were born these three children: Edward S.. born on Octo- 
ber 8, 1874. who married Nellie Conover; Gertrude D. B., born on February 9, 1879, 
who married Garrett R. Conover and has one child — Eleanor H. ; and Mary L., born 
on September 4, 18S2. The birthplace of Mrs, Conover was in Freehold, on June 
s, 1852, and she is a lady of education and retineinent, highly esieenied in the Re- 
formed church, of which her husband is also a member and the valued Sunday- 
school .superintendent. The family is one that stands high in social circles in Colts- 
neck, where it has been "known by all neighbors since Mr. and Mrs. Conover were 
children. 

♦ » » 

WILLIAM APPLEGATE. 

William Applegate, proprietor of Hotel Momnouth, Asbury Park, was born in 
Freehold township. Monmouth county, January 23, 1843. His parents, Mnthias and 
Margaret (Emmons) .Applegate. were both natives of Monmoutli county, where 
the paiternal ancestors of our subject followed the vocation of farming. The boy- 
hood days of William w'ere passed on his father's' farm. He attended Che common 
rchool at West Freehold. In 1804 he enlisted as a private in Company E, of the 
Twenty-eighth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, and participated in the battle of 
Fredricksburg. After being mustered out at the end of the war 'he went to New 
York and learned the butcher's trade. He opened a meat market at Eighth avenue 
and Fifty-fourth street, which ihe conducted successfully for seven, or eight years. 

In 1873 'he located in .\sbury Park and opened a general provision and butcher 
business. Fourteen years later he closed out this business and went to Bclmar, then 
known as Ocean Beach, and became proprietor of the Surf House, now known as 
Melrose Inn. .After conducting this hotel for two seasons he purcha.sed the .Atlantic 
Hotel in Asbury Park, and after spending some forty thousand dollars in improve- 
ments and additions renamed tbe hotel, calling it Hotel Monmouth. The hotel 
accommodates about three hundred guests and is open frmu June to October. It 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 5 

has a large clientage, representing people from all quarter? of the United States 
and Canada. Mr. Applegate ilias from lime 'to time invested in real estate and 
owns some clioice property in Asburj' Park and vicinity. His winter iliomc is at 
509 Sixth avenue. He is a member of the Elks and of the Ancient Order of Red 
Men. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. In 1867 Mr. Applegate 
was married to Elmira Hcndrickspn. of Frcelu Id township. Moimiouth county. Mrs. 
Applegate passed away December 25, 1891. She was the mother of eiglvt children, 
all of wihom survive her. 

Mr. Applegate is a self-made man. He began his business career with no 
capiital excepting energy and ability. His success as attributable entirely to liard 
work and constant application. 



EDWIX B. REED. 



Dr. Reed is 'he youngest of the tw.;l\e children born to ^Villiam B. and Eliza 
G. (Ferine) Reed. The mother was a native of Monmouth county. In early man- 
hood the father wa= a contractor a.id builder. .but during his later years was a suc- 
cessful commission merchant in Nivv York City. He retired from active business 
life in 1859 and located in Cranburv, Middlese.K county, New Jersey, where the sub- 
ject of this sketch was born on the 15th cf October, 1862. His boyhood days were 
passed in his native town, where he mastered the elementary branches of learning 
and at the age of fifteen became a student in the New Brunswick high school. Hav- 
ing decided to make the study and practice of medicine his life work, he prepared 
himself for admission to the Jefferson Med'.cal College of Philadelphia, from which 
he was graduated in 1884. while the following year was spent in the Jefferson hos- 
pital. In 1885 he began practice in Kcyport, New Jersey, from which place eleven 
years later he moved to Asbury Park, which offered a larger field for his efforts. 
In his profession he has been successful and has earned for himself a position of 
prominence among the leaders in his community. 

Domestic in his tastes and habits, the Doctor has not become affiliated with social 
clubs or secret societies, but is interested in athlet-'cs and is an enthusiastic devotee 
of the wheel and a member of the .Vsbury Park Wheelmen's Club. Religiouely he is 
a member of the Presbyterian church. Dr. Reed was married on the 12th of June, 
1809, to Miss Eva B. Hornby, ot Keyport. 



E. C. H.\ZARD. 

E. C. Hazard, founder of the E. C. Hazard Co.. importers. New York City, and 
manufacturers of fancy groceries in Shrewsbury, Monmouth county, was born at 
Mumford's Mills, Rhode Island, .^p'-il 4. 18,11, son of Bowdoiu and Theresa (Chrk> 
Hazard. 

Mr. Hazard was educated at the common schools of Narragansett. and at eighteen 
years of age came to New Y'ork City, and with liorse and wagon engaged in intro- 
ducing and vending special fancy groceries, particularly of foreign manufacture, to 
the grocer trade. In i860 he founded an establishment of his own at 69 Barcus street, 
the nucleus of the present house of E. C. Hazard & Company, Hudson and North 
Moor street. New Y'ork City. In 1883, prospecting for a suitable place to carry out 
a plan, nov matured, lor the production of a pure article of tomato catsup, he pur- 
chased a farm 01 one hundred and sixty-five acres at Shrewsbury, New Jersey, crcctel 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 



exicnsive lactorics tliereon. ami gave the name o; she tOivn to llie various brands 
of the goods lit mamiiacturcd. This plant includes the handionicst offices and one 
of the best equii>ped laboratories in the country. To his first specialty, Shrewsbury 
tomato ketchup, which became celebrated for its purity and excellence, he sub- 
sequently r.dded canned tomatoes and canned baked beans. Later he cultivated 
and canned mushrooms. Mr. Hazard, after concei\"ing the idea, set before himself 
the problem of packing and pre^erving mushrooms in their own juice; he constructed 
a number of mushroom cellars on his farm, situated on a peninsula in the Shrews- 
bury river. The test of the problem soon passv^d the experimental stage, for the 
value of the crop ot ib'96 exceeded that of the previous year by nearly fifty '.housand 
dollars, the value of the crop in 1S95 being twelve hundred dollars. In the prose- 
cution of this industry he employs several hundred hands and the scene in the busy 
season is picturesque in the extreme. In addition to packing tomatoes, tomato ketchup 
and mushrooms, Mr. Hazard packs and ships to his >:evv York house, the dis- 
tributing point, chili-pepper and burnt onion sauces, mayonnaise and salad dress- 
ing, asparagus, various kinds of jellies, and other tasty condiments. 

.■\t the Pure Food Association convention, held in Madison Square Cairden, New 
York City, in 1892, Mr, Hazard was the presiding officer. He is a member of the 
New York Mercantile E.xchange. of the Commercial Club of New York City and of 
the Masonic fraternity, No. 41S, R. A. 'M. 



CAPT. JAMES \V. CONOX'ER. 

Captam T.^nies W. Conovcr. a hero of the Civil war, surrendering his life in 
support of his country's flag, was boni on his father's farm two miles southeast 
of Freehold, September 7, 1832, Such early education as he obtained was from the 
district schools of Freehold township. In early childhood he developed a strong 
military taste, and when "only fourteen years of age, drilled a company of boys at 
Blue Ball in the county. In 18.^7 he was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 
Third New Jersey State Militia, a position which he held until his death. 

By instinct a soldier, only the severe illness of his wife prevented his offering 
his service upon the first call of Presiident Lincoln for volunteers in 1861. But in 
)862, when the July call was made for 300,000 more volunteers, he at once tendered 
his services to Governor Parker, was accepted and commissioned August 15, 1862, 
captain ot Company I), Fourteenth Xew Jersey Volunteer Infantry. The regiment 
went into camp at Camp Vredenburg, located on the historic Monmouth Ixittie ground. 

Captam Conover served at first in the Eighth .^rniy Corps under command of 
General Wool, of Mexican war fame, and was first stationed at Monocacy Junction. 
While instructing his company here in the art of war. Captain Conover exhibited 
those marked qualities which would have given him higher rank in the army, had 
he .lived and had opportunity offered. In July, 1863, his regiment was attached 
to the third division of the Third .\rmy Corps, and Captain Conover served with his 
command continuously until his death. In 1863 ho was in the following engagements 
in Virginia: Manassas Gap, Wapping Heights, St. Kelley's Ford, Brandy Station. 
Locust Grove and Mine Run. In 1864 he fought in the Wilderness, Spottsylvania 
Court House, Poc River, Hanover Court House, North Anna River, Cold Harbor, 
Bermuda Hundred and Petersburg. The Fourteenth was then taken to Washington. 
D. C, to repel the invasion being made by the Confederates in Maryland. All through 
these battles Mie Captain displayed the greatest coolness and bravery in action. At 
the battle of Monocacy, Maryland. July g, 1864. Captain Conover was in command 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 7 

of a line of sl-iirmisher-;. and in an assault on tlio cnem\' was shot througli ihc riglit 
thigh near the hip. '1 he regiment was forced from the field, losing nearly all its 
officers, and for a short time Captain Conover was a prisoner. The enemy, however, 
were driven from the lield by the Union main line of battle, and Capla/in Conover 
was rescued and taken to the hospital at Frederick City, Marjdand. Mrs. Conover, 
apprised of her husband being wotmued, w.;nt to the front, follow-ed him to the hos- 
pital, where ho was patiently ending his sufferings, and remained until he died, August 
4, 1864. His body was received at Freehold by military escort, which conducted him 
to the family residence. The funeral, .\ugust 9, was attended by the military, the 
societies of I. O. O. F. and F. & .\. M., and by a large concourse of (the citizens 
of tiie county. The pallbearers were: Lieutenant Abram Havens, Major Henry 
Bennett, Lieuienant Colonel W. B, Foreman, Lieutenant Thomas B. Ryal, Captain 
John W. Conover and Colonel .-V. H. Patterson. 

Captain Conover was married in Freehold September /, 1859, to Martha Ru- 
dolph Ellis. They had two children. Roland Ellis, who died at eleven jx-ars of age; 
and Lydia. who died at three years of age, Mrs. Conover still resides in Freehold. 
The farm owned by Captain Conover had descended from father to son for three 
generations. His father, Wykorf Conover, was born there August 24. 1784, and died 
there May 3, 1S33; his mother, Ely Craig Conover, born in 1798, died in 1880. His 
grandfather. William B. Conover, was born on the same farm of three hundred acres 
in 1751, was a patriot in the war of the Revolution and died in 1S07. 

The father of Mrs, Captain Conover, Roland .'X, Ellis, was born in Kent county, 
Maryland, August 11, 1810, and died January 14, iS/S. Her mother, Catherine Van- 
derveer, was born February 16, 181 1. and died \ovember 11, 1873. She had a brother, 
Charles B., who died on the old homestead September ^3, 1901. 

When a Grand Army post was organized in Freehold in 1882, the name chosen 
at hi installation was that of James W. Conover. 



ARTHUR ^i. BROWN. 



Arthur AT. Brown, cashier of the Keyport Banking Company, was born July 12, 
2859, and is the son of the late Thomas S. R. and Mary (Beers) Brown, both natives 
cf New Jerse\. 

Arthur M. Brown received his schooling in Monmouth county, which tuition was 
concluded at Glenwood Institute. .Matawan. New Jersey. In 187S he entered the 
employ of his father, then a hardware, lumber and coal merchant, an association 
which continued until 1884, when he accepted the position of bookkeeper an the First 
National Bank of Keyport, an institution which was succeeded in 1889 by the Key- 
port Banking Company. (See history elsewhere.) On March i, 1900, he was ap- 
pointed to the cashiership of the Keyport Banking Company, to succeeded Garrett ' 
S. Jones, who resigned to become the cashier of the Rahway National Bank. 

Mr. Brown, w'hile affiliating with the Democratic party, generally, may be held 
to-day as an mdependcnt iii politics. He has never sought political preferment, al- 
though he did complete an unexpired term as township collector, by nppot!ntment, 
in 1887. 

Mr. Brown has been actively identified with every interest that has contributed 
to the development of the community. He was for seven years treasurer of the Key- 
port and Matawan Street Railroad Company ; and for the past ten years has been 
treasurer of the Second Keyport Loan Association. 

He was married December 12, 1883, to Minnie- .Adelaide, daughter of Benjamin 



8 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

B. and Martha A. (Clark) P;crce. ol Kcypon. Mr. arid Mr>. Brown have one child 
living, Mary Gladys. They re.^ide at the corner of Broad and Elizabeth streets, 
Keyport, New Jersey, and attend the First Baptist church of that place. 



WII.I.T.\^I HOLMES WVCKOFF. 

Among the fine fruit farms of Holmdel township. Monmouth county, New- 
Jersey, those owned by William H. W'yckoff. who is living retired at Keyport. are 
conspicuous. These two farms, comprising about two hundred and forty acres, 
are planted with about one ■Dhousand pear, apple, peach and other domestic fruit 
trees and have yielded about one 'thousand barrels of apples in a single season. 

William H. Wyckoff was born near the Highlands, in Monmouth county, No- 
vember 27, 1824, a ison of William G. and Lydia (Holmes) Wyctoff. In the pater- 
nal line he is of Holland-Dutch ancestry- and his family is one of the oldest in 
New Jersey. Biographical sketches of members of the Holmes family w-hich appear 
in tiliis work contain the genealogy of Mr. Wyckoff's mother. 

^Villianl G. and Lydia (Holnies) Wyckoff had five sons and one daug^hter, 
four of whom are living: William H. is the immediate subject of this sketch. 
His living brothers are named Jacob, Joseph and David, and John is deceased. 
William H. Wyckoff was married in 1853 to Elizabeth Tunis and they had seven 
children. The following facts concerning them will be of interest in this connection. 
Mary E. became the wife of William Sherman, a farmer in Marlboro townsihip. 
John T. is in the hardware business at Keyport. Florence is a member of her 
father's household. Oscar lives at Keyport. David H. is a farmer ait Middletown. 
Charles A. is a farmer on the old home farm. The mother of these children died 
October 10, 1892. 

In politics Mr. Wyckoff is an ardent Democrat and although he has never taken 
an active interest in the affairs of his panty he is an influential citizen of much pub- 
lic spirit, who is always read>' to a;d to the extent 01 his ability any movement 
whidi, in his good judginent, will benefit any considerable number of liis fellow 
citizens. He is a inan of sterling integrity, an excellent farmer and a successful 
business man. 



JOHN L. SUVDAM. 



John L. Suydam, physician and surgeon, Jamesburg. Middlesex county. Now 
Jersey, is a descendant of one of the oldest families of Long Island. New York, and 
the .son of Abraham and Letrtcia (Brunson) Suydaui : he was born in Somerset 
county. New Jersey, October !.•;, 18.S9. 

-Abrah.Tm Suydam, father of Dr. Jchn L. Suydam. was a son of John L. and 
Eleanor (Elberson) Suydam, nnd was born in Somerset county. February 28. 1S30, 
spent his entire life there as a farmer and died there January 4, 1862. Letticia (Brun- 
son) Suydam, who was the daughter of John W. and Sarah (Van Tine) Brunson. 
was born January 3. 1835, and lives witii Dr. Suydam, who was the only child born 
to her. 

John L. S\iydam acquired liis primary cducat'on in the district schools and sup- 
plemented it by a course in a private school at Middlebush, New Jersey. In Sep- 
tember, 1873, he entered Rutgers preparatory scho 11 at New Brunswick, New Jersey, 




'^^^ ^^t^V 



HISTORY OF THE XF.W JERSEY COAST. 9 

from wliicli lie was graduated in 1876. He then entered Rutgers College and was 
graduated in June. 1880, receiving the degree of A. B., and in June, 1883, he received 
ihe degree ot .\. M. During li:s senior year in college he read medicine in the office 
ot Dr. H. R. Baldwin, of New Brunswick. After his graduation h'j entered the 
University Iilcdica! College of the city of New York, and was graduated with the 
degree of Doctor of iledicine m March, i8?2. In October of the same year he began 
the practice of his profession at Jamesburg. where he has achieved a satisfactory 
.success. He is a member of the Slate Medical .Society, of New Jersey, and an ex- 
president of the Middiese.x County Medical Association. He is a number of the 
Indcpcndeit Order of Odd Fellows and of the Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics. He was married at Janiesburg, January 16, 1884, to Mary E. Park, 
daughter of Thomas and Jane Park. Dr. Suydam in politic; is an ardent Republi- 
can. He is now secretary of the Mifldlesex county board of elections. 

The Suydam family in America is descended from an old German family of th-.' 
name of Rycken, which lived in the lower part of .Saxony, a German province, where 
the family possessed a large estate. The name was then written Von Rycken, mean- 
ing of or from Rycken. Hans (John) Von Ryken was a brave knight and a cousin 
of Melchoir Von Rycken. who lived in Holland. Both Hans and Melchoir were in 
the first crusade to the Holy Land in iog6, and Hans perished in the expedition, but 
Melchoir survived and returned to his bcnic. The descendants of Hans Von Rycken 
spread into lower Saxony. Holstein, and ?Iamburg. and the descendants of Mel- 
choir. afterward sometimes spelled Melchiinor, spread from Holland south along 
the Rhine into Switzerland, and from this latter branch 01 the family came a dis- 
tinguished man who v:as in great favor with Charles V of France. 

The -American branch of the Von Rycken family descended from a branch of 
Melchinor, at Amsterd.tm, where for nearly two hundred years members of it held, 
with the gcatcsl honor, offices of public trust. In the war with Spain at the time of 
the reign of William, Prince of Orange, of whom the Von Ryckens were active sup- 
porters, the family met with the greatest reverses of fortunes. The Von Ryckons 
also supported William of Nassau, when that prince took up arms in defense of 
Dutch liberty, and for a long time were known as a military family. When the vir- 
tuous and daring Hollanders were invited to seek a home in America, several of the 
Von Rycken or Von Ryker family, descendants of Mekhinor. joined them. Tlie 
names of the members of this family who came to this country were .Abraham. Gnys- 
bert, Rynier and Hiendrick. Hiendrick Von Rycken emigrated from Schiedam or 
Saardam in Holland, a few years after .the three others mentioned above came over, 
and landed at Nas.s3u (New York) in 1663. He was a blacksmith by trade and set- 
tled on an outskirt of New /York, at a place called Smith's Fly or Smith's Meadows, 
where he purchased a house and considerable land. In 1678. on account of the great 
number of snakes with which that locality was infested, he was compelled to leave 
there, and with his wife, Ida Jacobs, he settled in Flatbush, Long Island, and m 
1679 he united with the Dutch Reformed church there. He afterward sold the 
property in New York to Derrick Vander Cliff, in whose honor Cliff street. New 
York, was named. 

Hiendrick Rycken (the fon seems to have been dropped alwut this time) ac- 
quired much l.md at Flafbush ;>nd elsewhere. He died in 1701 and in his will par- 
ticularly enjoined his wife Ida to give strict attention to the training of his children, 
whose names were Hendrick, Rycken, Jacob, Ida, Gertrude and Jane. In 1710 
Hendrick, Rycken and Jacob, three of the children mentioned, adopted the name 
of Suydam. evidently following the cu.stom in vogue then, and still existing in some 
countries, of taking a family name from the family's place of res'idenc or from the 
place of nativity of its ancestors. Su>Jani was evidently taken from Schiedam cr 



lo HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Saardain in Holland, the birthplace of Hiendrick. Ryckcn, who thus changed the 
family name to Sii3xlarn. was the original ancestor of all the Snydams in Xew York, 
New Jersey and adjoining states. 

Rycken Snydam. son of Hiendrick, was born in 1665, lived at Flatbush, and was 
supervisor and jiidge there for sevcnil years. He was twice married and d-icd in 1741. 
leaving nine children. Jacob Suydam, born in 1666, was a farmer and blacksmith. 
He lived in Flatbush on the site of the old brewery on land owned at a compara- 
tively recent date by Garret Stryker, and was supervisor m 170') and again in 1717. 
He married Sytie Jacobs, and died in 1738, in his seventy- second year, leaving thir- 
teen children. 

Hendrick, the brother of the two above, was a farmer at Bedford on land which 
he bought from his father in 1698. He died in 1741. leaving three children. Lambert, 
Henry and Elsie. Lambert married Abigal Leffert, of Bedford, and died in 1764. 
Hendrick, born December 2. 1706. niarritd Gertie Ryer.son. of Wallabout. He was a 
farmer and blacksmith and lived at Bedford, where he died July 16. 1778, leaving four 
children named Lambert, Jacob, Hendrick an<l Christiana. Elsie married John Lott, 
of Flatbush. Lambert, son of the last mentioned Hendrick, born at Bedford in 
1743 was a captain in the Kings county troop at the beginning of the Revolutionary 
war. His first wife was Sarah, daughter ..f Joseph Hegerman. and his second wile 
was Anna, daughter of Barant Johnson, of Wallabout. He died .April 11, 183,^. in 
the ninetieth year of his age. His children were .Anna: Gertrude, who married 
Peter Wykoft; Maria, who married Daniel Lott; Hendrick, who married Gertrude, 
daugiiter of Domime Van Pelt, and for his second wife Margaret, daughter of D. 
Rapailje. and widow of .\braham Sneidiker. The children of Hendrick were nau'ed 
Abraham, Charhy, Hendrick, Sarah, Ann and Daniel R. 

Jacob .Suydam, the brother of Lambert, was born February 3. 1740. and settled 
at Bushwick. He married Elizabeth Leaycroft and died July 27, 181 1. His children 
were George, who -narried Jane Vocrhees; Gertrude, who married Adrian Martense; 
7acob; and Hendrick, who married Helen, daughter of John Schenck. 

Hendcick. brother of Lambert and Jacob, was born in 1732 and married Rebecca 
EmmorLs, of New Utrecht. He removed from Bedford to Flatbush in 1759, and lived 
there until his death, which occurred July 9, 1805, on a large farm, which then passed 
into the hands of his children, Hendrick and Andrew. The latter ma.'-ried Plioebe 
Wykoflf, of Gravesend, and lived on the old homestead, which was his portion of his 
father's estate. He died December 11, 1831, aged seventy-four years, leaving a 
daughter Sarah. \\;ho .married John Ditniars, of Flatbush. 

Hendrick, brother of .\ndrew, and son of Hendrick, farmed on the portion of 
his father's land which was left to him, and held the honorable position of a colonel 
in the state militia. In 1806 he sold his original farm and purchased another near 
Flatlands. He married a Miss Kowenhoven, of Flatlands, who died leaving a daugh- 
ter, Rebecca. His second wife, Lemian bott, of Flatlands, bore him four children — 
Ida, Jeronnis, Henry and Cornelius. Hendrick Suydam died May 24. 1823, at the 
age of seventy-tour years. His daughter Rebecca died unmarried, September 5, 
1874. aged eigh'y-three years. His daughter, Ida, married John Vandervecr. a suc- 
cessful farmer of New Lotts, and died February 5, 1873, aged seventy-seven years. 
Her children were named John, Henry, Ann and Stephen Lott. 

Henry, son of the last named Hendrick, occupied a house which he built on a 
portion of h's father's farm, and assisted his brother Cornelius on the farm. He 
married Mary Van Brunt, of New Utrecht, and died January 19. 1847, aged forty- 
eight years. His children were Joanna, who married Elias Bergen, of New Utrecht, 
and died without issu'> ; and Henry, who died in early manhood, unmarried. 

Cornelius married Lemian Van Nuyse, daughter of Hans \"an Nuyse, of Flat- 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. ii 

lands. He- inherited his father's homcst'^acl, which he farmed and on which he died, 
March 8, 1883, aged eighty years. His children were Lemian; John, who married 
Elen Maria Bergen, of New Utrecht ; and Ellen Rebecca. 

Jeromus, the remaining brother, was born in Flatlands, Dectnibcr c8, 1796, and 
spent his life as a fanr.er. He married Harriet Lott Voorhees, daughter of Abaham 
and Marti;a (Lott) Voorhees, of Fiatlands, January 2, 1825. He died Xovember 13, 
1872, 'his wife January 25, 1S68. Their children were Henry, who died July 4. i8t)9; 
Lemian, who is dead: Daniel Lott: Mary, w-jio is the widow of William Martin; 
Lemian, the second of the name ; and Harriet Rcljccca, who married John J Ryder. 



V.\LF..\TL\"£ P. BUCK. 

The Buck family have been known in Monmouth county. New Jersey, S'ince 
1686, when it is recorded that John Buck was a resident of what is now known as 
Toms River, Ocean county. New Jersey. 

Lieutenant Ephraim Buck, supposed grandson of the above named, was a lieu- 
tenant in Monmouth county. New Tersci', in January, 1780, and served in the Con- 
tinental army, directly under General Washington. He married Mary Wainright, 
who belonged to an English family which had settled in Monmouth county as early 
as 166S. Lieutenant Ephraim Buck founded the Methodist church at Bethesda, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey, in the year 1777, was local preacher there, and he 
and his wife are there buried. Their son. John Buck, born July 7, 1768. resided in 
the village of Marlborough, Monmouth county, and kept the public house there ?t 
the time of his death, which occurred .\pril 10, 1829, w-hile attending services in the 
Brick church, dying in the arms of his friend, Aaron Smock. He married Ann 
West, who was born May 28, 1774, and died April 12, 1854. She was the daughter 
of Jacob West and Anna Rhea. 

David Buck, the father of our subject, a son of John and Ann (WVsO Buck, 
was born January 10, 1799. at Marlborough, and died at Freehold on February 7, 
1879. He was educated in the public schools of his township, and became an e.xtcn- 
.sive farmer, operating a large tract of land' located one mile from Freehold. He was 
also an extensive ,vholesale dealer in produce and sea products, and occupied a 
w-hblesale produce and fish stand in Philadelphia for seventeen years, from which 
he supplied Piidadclphia, Lancaster, Trenton and many other points in West Jersey 
and eastern Pennsylvania. All liis business was done by teaming, and his career 
was active and successful. He was one of the early member of the Dutch Reformed 
church, and was very active in its affairs, holding the offices of deacon and elder for 
n number of years. In politics he was a Whig and subsequently a Republican ; he 
was an active party man. and was at one time a school trustee in West Freehold. 
He was posscs.sed of literary tastes to a high degree, and was practically self- 
tducated. H*- died in 1880. at the age of eighty years. His wife was Cornelia (born 
October 3, 1S06. died December 13, 1885), daughter of William L and Margaret 
(Denise) Thompson. Of their marriage were born the following named children: 
William Thomp.scn,' born November 17, 1826, and died April 24, 1852; Jacob West, 
born January 31, 1829. and died January 15, 1898, w'ho married Amelia Augusta Camp- 
bell, born May .(. 1833. a daughter of William Campbell and Hannah Bowne ; Mar- 
garet Ann, born February 4. 1831. and died Xovember 2i. 1856, who was the wife 
of Levi S,^lomJn. who was born August 10. 1820, and died June 14, 1893; Angelina, 
born May 18. 1833. wiio married Jolin T. Campbell, born in November. 1825. son of 
Thomas Campbell and Mary Griggs, and now a farmer living in Coltsneck; Gather- 



12 HISTORY OF THE XE\\" lERSEY COAST. 



ine Louisa, born July 19, 1835, and died on October 9, i860, who married Garret 
Conover Buck, son of John and Maria P. Buck; Mary, born July 22, 1837, and died 
May 7, 1884; she married Joseph H. Thompson, who was born en October 26, 1835, 
and died July 31, 1881, a son of Rusha Thompson and Mary Hendrickson; Val- 
entine P., who is our subject; Melville P.. born May 15. 1843, who married Hulda 
B. Robinson, a daughter of Henry Robinson and Sarah Lefferscn ; John, born Sep- 
tember 15, 1845, and died October 27, 1845; Emily Tallman. born December i, 1846, 
and died on March 31, 1885, married Henry B. Clark, born November 6, 1836, died 
August 29. 1871 ; David Henry, bom September 24, 1S50, who married Mary Green 
DuBois, born July 25, 1854, who was a daughter of John DuBois and Catherine 
Denise. 

Valentine P. Buck, who is the subject of this sketch, was bom on his father's 
farm in Marlboroitgh township, Monmouth county, New Jersey. He was educated 
in the district schools and the Freehold Institute, and immediately after finishing 
the course he engaged in farming. Mr. Buck has kept up the family reputation 
as an agriculturist, and is considered not only one of the best farmers of his town- 
ship, but also one of its most estimable citizens. 

November 10, 1869, he w-as married to Miss Sarah Schanck S.niock, of Holmdel, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey, a granddaughter of the Aaron Smock previously 
mentioned. 



DR. DANIEL EDGAR ROBERTS. 

Dr. D. E. Roberts, of Keyport, w-as born in Mdddletown township, Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, October 9, 1861. He is a son of Daniel and the late Eleanor 
V. (Arrowsmiith) Roberts, both natives of Monmouith county. Daniel Roberts is 
a son of the late Rev. Thomas Roberts, a distinguished Baptist minister, who came 
to tfhe United Staites from Wales in 1803 and located at Newark, New Jersey, where 
in 1806. he married Elizabeth Rutan of Newark. Among the churches whose pul- 
pits were filled by Rev. Thomas Roberts were those at L'tica. .\lbany. New York City 
and Philadelphia, He was recognized as one of the most gifted of the ministers 
of his denomination of his day and exerted his talents most beneficially along broad 
lines and in diverse ways. He was pre-eminently a believer in going into all the 
world and preaching the gospel to every creature. He was one of that very small 
number of de\x>ted Christian ministers, who at the dawn of the nineteenth century 
in the United Stales of Americj first voiced the cry "The world for Cbrisit." He 
was also especially imterested in his advocacy of the cause of temperance. While 
located at Philadelphia, Dr. Rjoberts w-as a most active and efficient member of the 
board of foreign missions. He there organized a company of missionaries, which 
he took with him to the Cherokee Natrion, and in this connection he assisted in 
the framing of the constitution of that nation. He adapted the Engli.sili alphabet 
for the Indians, and having accomplished tliis he utilized it in the tramslation of 
the Sunday-school spelling book. In 1825 he settled with his family in Middle- 
tOAvn township, Moranoutli county, which was practically his home during ithe re- 
mainder of his life. He died September 24, 186.^. His son, Dalniel Roberts, was a 
prominent agriculturist of Monmiouth county, and for a number of years a hard- 
ware merchamt of Toms River. He has lived in retirement from active pursuits 
since 1885 and resides with his son at Keyport. His wife, tlie late Eleanor V. 
(Arrowsmith) Roberts, was a daughter of Major Thomas Arrowsmith, whose miU- 
tar\- title was acquired througih his connection with *he Home Guards of Monmouth 
county. Major Arrowsmiith was a stalwart Democrat, and gave liberally of ihis 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 13 

time, talent, and means toward the advancement of the interests of his party in 
county, state and nation. He was intrusted with the duties of numerous offices 
of political prc'crment. to tlie tultillment uf which duties he proved in each cas^e abund- 
antly eeiual. HJs tenure of tihc office of judge of the court of errors, and of secre- 
tary of the state of New Jersey, was marked liy conspicuously efficient service. He 
married Emma Van Brackle. 

Dr. Daniel Edgar Roberts received ihis imJtial schooling in public soliools and 
under private tutors of Monmouth county; he took an academic course at Hights- 
town. New Jersey ; studied medicine under the preceptorship of the late Dr. J. E. 
Arrovvsmith of Keyport ; entered the medical department of the Universitj' of New 
York City, from which institution he was graduated with the class of ib'85. Im- 
mediately thereafter he established himself at Keyport, where he has an extensdve 
practice. He married February 20, iSgo, Miss Mary E., dauglvter of the late Obadiah 
Srillwell. Mrs. Roberts died Januarj- 12,^ 1893, leaving two children, Marion and 
Edna Roberts. Dr. Roberts is a member of Monmouth County Medical Society, 
of the staff of Monmfouth County Memorial Hospital and physician to and member 
of Keyport Iward of health. The demands upon his time by his professional dtitics 
have restricted Dr. Roberts from active connection along other public lines, but 
he is recognized as one of the substantial, valuable, and public spirited citizens of 
Keyport. 

♦-•-• 

SAMUEL RIKER. 

Samuel Riker, for over forty years prominently identified with the New York 
bar, and now enjoying an honorable retirement, has proved himself a worthy de- 
scendant of a family that have made their home in this country since 1638. Abr?- 
ham Ryckcn or de Rycke, as the name is written in earlier records, who was born 
in 1610, emigrated here from Amsterdam, and received an allotment of land at the 
Wallabout from Governor Kieft. In 1654 he also secured a grant of land at Poor 
Bowery from Governor Stuyvesant ; a portion of this land, comprising about one hun- 
dred acres, has never been out of the possession of the .family, and is now owned 
in part by Samuel Riker. Mr. Rycken afterward added to his possessions the island 
known as Riker's Island. His wife was a daughter of Hendrick Harmenscn. Mr. 
Ryckcn died in i68g, and left his farm by will to his son Abraham, who added exten- 
sively to the lands, and at his decease, which occurred in 1746, in his ninety-first 
year, he left the estate to his sons, Abraham and Andrew Riker. John Berrian 
Riker, grandson of Abraham Riker, joined the army under command of Washington, 
piloted Washington across the Delaware (Riker's Annals of Newtown) and acted in 
the capacity of surgeon during the entire war. Abraham Riker, another grandson 
of Abraham Riker, was present at the fall of Montgomery at Quebec, and displayed 
his courage at the battle of Saratoga. He died at Valley Forge May 7. 1778, ex- 
pressing his regret that he was not allowed to live to witness the freedom of his 
country. A cenotaph has been erected in his honor in the family cemetery at Poor 
Bowery. Samuel Riker, another grandson of Abraham Riker, was a man mucli ad- 
mired for his public spirit, integrity and lojalty, and after the Revolution he served 
PS supervisor of Newtown for several years; he was a memlier of the state a.sjembly, 
and was twice a member of Congress. .Among his sons was Andrew Riker. who 
commanded a merchant vessel in the European and West India trade, and in the 
war of 1812 con'.mandcd the privateers. Saratoga and Yorktown. .Xnolher son, Rich- 
ard Riker, was admitted to the bar in 1795, and acted as district attorney of New- 
York for ten years from 1802, and for twenty years thereafter held the position of 



14 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 



recorder of New York City. Hi.s eloquent conversational qualities and courtly man- 
ners made him a favorite in the social world, while his extensive legal knowledge and 
his keen insight into character eminently fitted him to preside over the criminal 
courts. John L. Rikcr, another son of Abraham Riker, studied law with his brother 
Richard, and remained in that profession until his death, which occurred in 1861. He 
was noted for his uprightness and honest dealings with all men. He was a member 
of the New York constitutional convention of 1846. 

Samuel Riker, the sixth child in order of birth of John L. and Lavinia (Smith) 
Riker, was born April 10, 18.32, and received a common school education, which was 
supplemented by an extensive course of reading in history and the best English 
literature. He commenced the study of law with J. H. and H. L. Riker, of New- 
York, and was admitted to the bar in 1853. Among his professional brethren he 
was distinguished for his profound know-ledge of the law of real property, and for 
his skill in the drawing and interpretation of wills, investigations of titles, trust 
deeds, and marriage settlements, and in these departments was without a superior. 
He rarely appeared in court except in very important cases, but was largely engaged 
in advismg executors and trustees, and in the settlement of estates in the Surrogate's 
court. He has perfected many questionable titles by taking judicial proceedings or 
procuring legislative action, as required by the necessities of the case. He was 
executor of the wills of Sarah Burr and her sisters, and in that capacity distributed 
several millions of dollars among a large number of benevolent and charitable insti- 
iutions in New York Citj-. He was for more than thirty years attorney and counsel 
for the Sailors' Snug Harbor; and he prepared all instruments and protected all in- 
terests in connection with the valuable landed estate of that institution, both in 
New York City and on Staten Island. He numbered among his clients many of the 
ueahhy and prominent citizens of New York City. He retired from business on 
January i, 1803. 

Mr. Riker is very domestic in his habits, fond of his home, and he has gathered 
around him a library rich in almost every department of literature. On October 11, 
1865. Mr. Riker married 'a great-granddaughter of Major Jonathan Lawrence, of Revo- 
lutionary fame. 

» » » 

WILL E. WARN. 

Will E. Warn, a popular and successful pharmacist of Keypont, Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, is a son of Nicholas E. and Lydia E. (LambertsonI Warn, and 
was born February s, 1853, at South Amboy, New Jersej-. The Warn family is 
of Englisih origin and 'was establris<hed in New Jersey in pre-Revolutionary times. 
James Warn, the paternal grandfather of our subject, received a generous share 
of the old Dutch blood from his mother, who was a Morgan, Both tlu' Warn and 
Morgan families held a pronounced contempt for Torj-ism and both families were 
stanch Continen-talists from the colonial days. The grandfaifher, James Warn, was 
a most positive Democrat and an acti\e party worker, always holding a prominent 
position in his parity in the town of Jacksonviille. where he spent most of his life 
after his marriage. He was for several temts collector of Amboy township, which 
has since been subdivided into a number of townships. He was the father of two 
sons and four daughters, of which family the two youngest daughters are now living, 
Uheir homes being in ^the far west. 

Nicholas E. Warn, father of him whose name introduces this review, was bom 
April 17. 1825, on a farm near South Amboy. He received the advantages offered 
by the common schools of his lime and on reaching manhood chose the trade of 




/h^Ua^C<^.Sr ^^^^^ 



HISTORY OF THE XIiW JF.RSF.V COAST. 15 



a mason, which vocation he pursued with success until 187S, when he gave up active 
work and took up his abode with his son. Like his father, he was a nitost uncon- 
ditional Democrat, and fraternally he was associated with the Independent Order 
of Odd Falows, belonging to the lodge in South Amboy. He died June 6, 1893, 
and is survived by bis wife, fheiir son, Will E., and a daughter, the wife of Elgin 
E. CHne, all residents of Keyport. 

Will E. Want acquired a good business education, attending first th; public 
schools of Keyport and later private schools. On leaving school he took up the 
study of drugs, their properties and their uses, under the tutelage of Dr. W. Hodg- 
son, of Keyport. After a thorough and earnest course of study he passed a highly 
creditable examination before the New Jersey state board of pharmacy, and on the 
12th of June, 1872, started in business for himself, opening a drug store in Ktypurt, 
He has been in the drug business ever since that June c'ay when he put up his 
first prescription, and he commands a large and profitable trade. Mr. Warn wa-- a 
director in the People's National Bank of Keyport from its organization in 1889 to 
the 1st of January, 1901, when he was elected its president, which office he now 
holds. 

In politics Mr. Warn is a Democrat. He is a member of the board of com- 
missioners of Keyport and has been the treasurer of that body for the past ten years. 
He is connected with all orders representing the different branches of Odd Fellows 
in Keyport; n a member of Frelinghuysen Council, No. 68, J. O. U. .\. ^I. : Coimeil 
No. 1456, R. A.; Caeserea Lodge, No. 04, F. & .\. M. ; Delta Chapter, No. 14, R. 
A. M., and in the line of 'his business is connected with the American and New Jer- 
sey Pliarniaceutical Associations. 

Mr. Warn was married on the loth of October, 1898, to Miss Laura B. Warnc, 
daughter of James Morgan Warne, of Charles City, Iowa. His domestic life is a 
most ideal one and his home relations of the very happiest character. Fie takes the 
deepest irrterest and has the most sincere regard for tlte welfare of Keyport and 
its people. He keenly appreciates the generous support they have accorded him since, 
as a mere boy, 'he took his place in their business ranks. As a business man Mr. 
Warn is w'ide-awake. progressi\c. e.nd yet conservative, and keeps himself in touch 
with the rapidly advancing ideas of hh profession. Those who know him best are 
strongest in declaring him to be most careful, painstaking and conscientious in liis 
bu.siness relations; charitable toward all: true as a friend and faithful to all the 
demands of good citizenship. He is widely known and justly honored. 



DAVID BL'CK, 



David Buck, a scion of the old Buck family of Revolutionary fame, was l>orn 
en the family homestead in Freehold township in 18^:7, son of John Buck and Maria 
(Conovcr) Buck. An ancestor, Ephraim. came to Monmoi'.th county. New Jersey, 
from Long Island before the war of 1770. and was a lieutenant in that war ard sub- 
sequently a farmer. He w'as married in what is now Marllioro township and died 
there in 1829; his son John died about two years after the doath of his father, in Marl- 
boro township. John Buck. Jr.. son of the latter and the father of David Bu.^k, our 
subject, was born in the same township in 1805. was married in 1827. began farm- 
ing in Freehold in 1834, and died there in 1S79 at the age of seventy-si.'^ years. Mr, 
Buck's mother, born in 1808, died December 20. 1901. The children born to these 
parents were: Garret Conover. a farmer in Freehold township; Louisa, the widow of 
Thomas .Vpplcgate; Jolm 11.; William C. a m;ller in .Atlantic township; Mary .-\nn. 



i6 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

wlio married O. C. Harlbut. of Marlboro lownship; Jane Maria, who married James 
E. Johnson, of Broolclyn. New York; Eleanor, who died as Mrs. Aaron Schanck in 
1882 (her husband also is deceased, and of her six children, only one. Miss Minnie 
Schanck, sur\-ives) ; Andrew Jackson, a retired farmer living in Freehold ; and David. 
David Buck was educated and brought up on his father's farm, and lived there 
until he began farming for himself in 1870 upon a farm situated a little south of 
Freehold. He continued here until the spring of igoo, when he removed to Free- 
hold, where iie now resides. No. 82 South street. Since the spring of 1898 he has 
been a freeholder of Freehold township and is recognized as one of the most suc- 
cessful and influential farmers of the country. Jn 1872 he was married to Eleanor 
Taylor in Marlboro township. They have one child, William Buck, born May -l. 
1S-5, who has been carefully reared 'o farm life. The son, during the recent Spanish- 
.-\merican war, enlisted in Company I, Third New York Voluiuecrs, and was with 
his regiment in camp in the south when peace was proclaimed. The son was mar- 
ried in February. U)0i, to Gertrude Trua.N: at the latter's home in Freehold, and is 
in the hardware busim-ss in Freehold, a meml)er of tlie firm of De Nise & Buck. 



JOHN S. HOLMES. 



".\griculture is the most useful as well as the most honorable occupation to 
which man devotes his energies," said George Washington more than a century ago. 
History verifies tliis statement, and it is therefore a matter of just pride to be con- 
nected with an occupation of so much importance. It forms the basis of all com- 
mercial activity and in fact is the very foundation of all business prosperity. Mr. 
Holmes represents an honored faniilj' that for many generations has been connected 
with farming interests in New Jersey, and he is to-day numbered among the leading 
and enterprising agriculturists of Monmoutili county, where he owns and operates 
tivo hundred acres of valuable land. 

His birth occurred on Ithe 7th of October, 1851, in Atlantic townsliip, Mon- 
mouth county, w'here his parents, Joseph H. and Ann (Crawford) Holmes, resided 
for a short time. His paternal great-grandfather, John S. Holmes, was a resident 
of Holmdel, now Holmdel township, where his death occurred on the 15th of Au- 
gust, 1821. He early began his career as a merchant, but later removed to the farm 
now owned by his great-grandson, John S. Holmes, where he followed successfully 
for many years the vocation of an agriculturist. He triarricd Sarah Hendrickson, 
whose death occurred August 28, 1824. Their children were: Mary, who became 
the wife of Albert Van Brunt; John H. ; Catherine, the wife of Daniel H. Ellis; 
Emma, who married George Taylor: Eleanor, the wife of Charles Hasbrook; and 
Daniel. Tlic last named was born on the 27th of December, 1792, at Baptistown, 
now Holmdel', and s/pent his early years at the home of his parents. His father at 
this time was engaged in the business of a country merchant, in which he proved 
an invaluable assistant. He received his education in the neighboring school, and 
on the removal oif the faanily to Matawan, in the same county, he embarked for 
three years in mercantile pursuits. On the death of his father, in 1821, he returned 
to the farm owned by the latter in Holmdel, now Holmdel township, and became 
interested in the labors aittending to its cultivation. Mr. Holmes was, on the 15th 
of November. 1813, married to Rhoda, a daughter of Chrincy-once Van Mater, of 
Middlctow-n township. To this union w-ere born these children, — Huldaili, born Feb- 
ruary 23, 181=;. was n\arried In Joseph Holmes Long.-treet, and her children "are 




S)^,^,ric 




HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 17 

Rhoda II. and Lydia .Vini ; Catherine, who was born June 9, 1817, and is the wife 
of John W. Ely, by whom she has three children, Daniel H., Eugene and John M. ; 
John S., born September 2. 1819, died March 2, 1820; Sarah, born April 16, 1821, 
died September 15, 1822; Joseph H. is the father of our subject; Maria Louisa, 
born May 2, 1826, is llie wife of Ely Conover; Sarah, born January 13, 1829, is the 
wife of Ruloff P. Smock, and their children are Daniel H., Peter, V. D., and Cath- 
erine H. Mr. Holmes, in connection with his farming enterprise, was also engaged 
in business pursuits at Holmdel for many years. His political sympathies were 
with the Democratic party, whose principles he advocated with untiring zeal during 
a. long and active life. This party, in recognition of his services, several times 
elected him to the state legislature, as also to the office of sheriff of Monmouth 
county for one term. He was a member of the convention to revise the constitution 
of the state and was prominently mentioned as the nominee for congressional hon- 
ors. He was largely identified with towns(hip and county matters and exercised a 
marked influence on the business and public interests of the portion of the state 
where he resided. His deaSh occurred October 27, 1851, in his fifty-ninth year, and 
tliat of his wife on the 20th of January, 1838, in her forty-sixth year. 

Joseph H. Holmes, the father of our subject, was born on the old family home- 
stead, which is now in the possession of our subject and has been in the family 
through five generations. It belonged to his father, the Hon. Daniel Holmes, and 
wa.s inherited by Joseph Holmes. The latter pursued h's early education in the 
schools of Holmdel and later continued his studies in Lawrenceville, New Jer- 
sey, under the direction of Rev. Samuel Hamimill, D. D., while subsequently he 
became a student in the institute at Lenno.K, Massachusetts. On completing his edu- 
cation he assumed the management of the home farm at the age of seventeen years, 
and thus carried on operations for eight years. It was then the property of his 
father, but by inheritance and purchase it passed into his possession and was suc- 
cessfully conducted by him for a long period. He placed it under a very high state 
of cultivation, making it a valuable place, and in addition to the raising of grain he 
devoted considerable time to tlie breeding of fine blooded horses for the race track, 
his farm becoming a favorite rendezvous with turfmen. In addition to his other 
interests, he was for several years county director of the Matawan Bank and a 
director and treasurer of the Holmdel Fire Insurance Company. He was a zealous 
promoter and one of the directors of Monmouth County Agricultural Society, which 
largely stimulated the fanners to put forth their best efforts in producing fine crops 
and stock. He exercised his right of franchise in support of the men and measures 
of the Democracy, but never souglit or desired office. 

On the iQtlh of September, 1848, Mr. Holines was united in marriage to Miss Ann 
Crawford, a daughter of James G. Crawford, of Holmdel township, Monmouth 
county. Their children were: Carrie C, the wife of Asher S. Ely; John S., of this 
review; Daniel, a retired business man living in the state of California; and Lizzie, 
deceased. Ailer his marriage Mr. Holmes resided for two years at Barrentown, in 
Atlantic township, and then returned to the old home farm, the cultivation and 
improvement of which claimed his attention throughout the remainder of his life. 
He was a man of sterling integrity, a generous friend and a genial companion, and 
his death, which occurred November 28. 1892, was the occasion of deep regret 
throughout the community. To the poor of his community he endeared himself by 
his kindly sympathy and boundless generosity. He was ever read to give freely of 
his means to the unfortunate, and his obsequies were attended by all of his neigh- 
bors of this class, each of whom had been the object of his benefactions. His wife 



i8 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

was called to her final re?t January 26, 1854. She was a beloved member of the 
Baptist church at Holmdel. 

John S. Holmes pursued his early education in the village schools and later 
continued his studies at Fergusonville Academ.y, in New York. Under his father's 
direction and as his assistant he became familiar with farm work in early life and 
has always engaged in agricultural pursuits, being now engaged in the cultivation 
of the old home place. The farm of t^vo hundred acres is one of the finest in the 
entire communitj-, everything being kept in first-class condition. Sy.-teni. order, 
neatness and thrift, all are manifest, and the home, on a beautiful site, is one of the 
most attractive residences in the locality. 

Mr. Holmes has been twice married. He first wedded Miss Anna L. Lake, in 
October, 1881, and unto them were born three children, two of whoaii, Catherine 
L. and Joseph H., are living, and Carrie C. died in infancj-. The mother, who was 
greatly esteemed by friends and neighbors, passed away in March, 1888, and on 
the 6th of March, 1890, Mr. Holmes was joined in wedlock to Rhoda Longstreet, 
of Hclmdel, who was born August 18, 1853. a daughter of Holmes and Hilda Long- 
street, the former a prominent farmer of Holmdel township. Monmouth county. 
Mr. and Mrs. Holmes have one son, John S., Jr. The parents are active members 
of the Baptist church, zealously co-operating in its work and doing all in their power 
for its upbuilding. Mr. Holmes follows fanning along scientific principles and upon 
his place are found the latest improved machinery and modern equipments. He also 
engages in the raising of fine horses and his place is famous for its excellent trotting 
stock. He is widely known as a reliable business man, worthy of trust and confi- 
dence, and wherever known is esteemed for his social qualities. 



DANIEL P. VAN DORN. 

The Van Dorn family of New Jersey, named in the genealogical appendix to this 
work, originated with Jacobus Van Dorn. who came from Holland and settled on 
Long Island, whence he removed (in 1698) to Marlborough township, in Monmouth 
county, where he purchased a tract of six hundred and seventy-six acres of land. 
Connected with this is a fact remarkable in these days of disruption of estates — 
that thi.s tract descended directly, through an unbroken line of ancestors, and through 
a period of nearly two centuries, to the subject of this memoir, and to his son, 
William Van Dorn. 

Jacob Van Dorn was actively concerned in community affairs, and when the 
First Reformed church was founded in Freehold, in 1709, he became one of the 
two deacons. He married Maritje Bennet, who possessed ample means. Their son, 
Peter Van Dorn, was born July 4. 1755, on the ancestral farm now in the town- 
.ship of Marlborough. He was a prosperous fanner and added materially to the 
value of his estate. He married jane William.son (born July 5. 1758). who bore 
him twelve children — Mary, Jacob, Elbert. Williampe, Anne, John, William, Isaac, 
Peter, .Arthur, Jannetje and Sarah, whose descendants are now dispersed throughout 
the intire country. 

Of the family above named, William, born March 2. 1790. married (Novemb-:r 
28, 1815) Catherine Polhenius. She was a daughter of Daniel Polhemus, whose 
home was in what is now Atlantic township. Daniel Polhemus was a Revolutionary 
war soldier, who was made prisoner by the British, and endured the horrors of 
confinement in the notorious Sugar House prison in New York City. Four children 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 19 

were born of this marriage — Catherine, Jane, Daniel P. and Mary. Jane. , born 
March 14, 181Q. was n'.arried (March 10. 1842) to John Rue Perrine. of Manalapan. 
and to them were born four children: William Van Dorn, who was a graduate of 
Harvard Law School, and died December 27, 1871 ; Catherine Polhemus. who mar- 
ried W. M. Reckless ; John and Mary Patterson died young. 

Daniel P. Van Dorn, only son in the family named, was born October 7, 1820. on the 
homestead where he passed his life. He was educated at Glenwood Institute, Matawan, 
and in an academy at Lenox, Massachusetts. He then returned home, and assisted in the 
management of the farm until the death of his father, when he received a portion of 
the estate as his patrimony and acquired the remainder by purchase. He was not 
only an industrious and successful farmer, but he was also a man of affairs and 
prominent in public concerns, in all of which he acquitted himself with energy and 
. ebility. He was at all times a leader in all movements pertaining to the advantage 
of the community and state. He was a prominent member of the Monmouth County 
Agricultural Society, and he was one of the projectors of the Freehold and New York 
Railroad, and a director in the company. At various times he served as chosen 
freeholder and in other township offices. A Democrat in politics-, he represented his 
party in the assembly in 1854, and served upon various important comniitt«es, among 
them that on banks and banking. He was a member of the Reformed Dutch church. 
September 9, 1874, Mr. Van Dorn was married to Miss Anna J. Roche, a 
member of an old and prominent family, of North Hadley, Massachusetts, and of 
this marriage was born a son, William, August 20, 1875. Mr. Van Dorn died No- 
vember 23, 1898. 



WrLLL\M R. HAGERMAN, 

William R. Hagerman, one of the earliest residents of Ocean Grove. New Jersey, 
was born in Howell township. Monmouth county, in 1832. For twenty-five years 
before his deatli he and liis family resided on Main avenue, Ocean Grove. Dur- 
ing this time many changes occurred in 'the place, and Mr. Hagerman was one of 
those who took particular interest :n lending his support to all movements of a 
progressive and beneficial character. By occupation he was a blacksmith and wheel- 
wright, which business he conducted on South ]\Iain street. Asbury F'ark, up to 
within three years of his death, when he retired from active duties. Among the 
positions conferred upon Mr. Hagerman by his township was that of overseer of the 
poor. In February, 1878, he was elected vice-president of the Asbury Park Build- 
ing and Loan Association, and February 9, 1881, he was elected president, a posi- 
tion which he held until his death. 

In the death of Mr. Hagerman, .Vsbury Park and Ocean Grove lost a sturdy and 
upright character, one noted for usefulness and faithfulne.ss to duty, both public and 
private. His name be.ars an honored place on the list of the pioneers who have 
fostered the growth of these two world renowned resorts. Mr. Hagerman passed away 
on July 22, 1901, leaving a widow and si.K children, as follows: Henry, manager of 
the Charles Lewis Lumber Company, at Red Bank ; Effie, an instructor in Columbia 
Women's College, South Carolina ; James ; Arthur ; Edna ; and Edith Hagerman. 
The Asbury Park Building and Loan Association, through a committee consist- 
ing of Henry C. Win.=or, Amos Lippincott and T. Frank Appleby, adopted the fol- 
lowing resolutions with reference to the death of Mr. Hagerman: 

Whereas, It hath pleased Divine Providence to remove from our midst the late 
William R. Hagerman, who has for many years been president of the Asbury Park 
Building and Loan Association, therefore, be it 



20 I HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

Resolved, That llic board of directors hereby express their appreciation of his 
merit and vaktable services rendered during his long tenure of office. He was held in 
the liighest esteem. His kindly but impartial manner in all his dealings won for 
him the confidence and firm friendship of all. 

Resolved, That to ihe bereaved widow and family be tendered our sympathy and 
condolence. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of the association, 
and a copy be sent to the family of the deceased and published in the local papers. 



CHARLES READ. 



Charles Read is an esteemed resident of Coltsneck, New Jersey, and comes of 
an ancestry honorable and distinguished. His paternal grandfather was Wilson 
Read, a son of William Thornton Read, and both were born in Scotland. The 
former became the founder of the family in the new world, emigrating to the United 
States when j-et a young man. He first located on Long Island, where he pur- 
chased a farm and where he also successfully carried on a mercantile business in 
connection with his agricultural pursuits. It was the custom in those days, when 
the weather was pleasant, for a merchant to travel through the country and offer 
his goods for sale to the farmers at their country homes, and this custom Wilson 
Read followed, it being a great mutual accommodation to both parties. Finally 
leaving Long Island, ^Ir. Read removed to New Jersey, settling in Monmouth 
county, where he purchased a large tract of fertile and valuable land, placing it 
under a high state of cultivation. It is the same upon which his son's widow and 
her family now reside. His business interests were vigorously prosecuted, so that 
success attended his efforts and he became a prosperous man. He reached the ad- 
vanced age O'f seventy-two years, and throughout the years of his residence in this 
country commanded the respect and good will of all with whom he came in con- 
tact. 

Wilson Read was united in marriage to Miss Cornelia Bennett, of Atlantic 
township, Monmouth county, a daughter of Logan Bennett, one of the gallant sol- 
diers of the Continental army. Aroused by the oppression of Great Britain the 
colonists revolted, and he joined the army to fight for liberty. He suffered imprison- 
ment and other hardships of war and ultimately was granted a pension by the gov- 
ernment. Three children were born unto Mr. and Mrs. Read, namely : Thomas 
H., who was born on Long Island, January 12, 1841 ; Sarah, born November 12, 
1844; and Jane A., born on the 27th of August, 1847, but all are now deceased. 
The parents, too, have passed away, but they wrought along lines of general good 
and contributed to the substantial upbuilding and improvement of the section of the 
country in which they made their homes. 



THOMAS H. READ. 



The name of Thomas H. Read is inseparably connected with a work which has 
important bearing upon the prosperity as well as the individual happiness of all 
people. He was a stanch advocate of the temperance cause, and his efforts along 
that line contributed in no small measure to the advancement of temperance prin- 




THOMAS H. READ. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 21 

ciplcs. Fearless in defense of his honest conviclions, he labored to promote the 
aboHtion of intoxicants through law, and to abolish their use by the individual, and 
his intlucncc in that direction was of no restricted order. 

Mr. Read was born on Long Island, January 12, 1841, a son of Wilson and 
Cornelia (Bennett) Read; the former was a native of Scotland, and in his life the 
son manifested many of the sterling characteristics of his Scotch ancestry. Upon 
the home farm he was reared and throughout his business career he carried on agri- 
cultural pursuits. He was regarded as one of the most thorough, pain-taking, 
practical and progressive farmers of the township. His business interests were also 
characterized by unfaltering honesty and fair treatment of those with whom he had 
dealings. 

On the I5lh of July, 1863. Mr. Ke.id was united in marriage to Mi^^s Tlannali 
C. Thornton, of Brooklyn, New York, and they became the parents of ten children : 
William T. ; Jane ; John ; Cornelia, now deceased ; Harry W. ; Charles B. ; Roland ; 
Hannah C. ; Thomas, who has now passed away; and Thomas T. Read. The mother 
ot this family was born July 7, 1835, and resides in the old 'home, enjoying tin- com- 
fort which her husband's industry and forethought provided. The family is one 
greatly respected throughout this portion of the state, and the members of the house- 
hold occupy an enviable position in social circles. 

The father, Thomas H. Read, was for a number of years a hading member 
of the Reformed church at Coltsneck, in which he filled the office of deacon, putting 
forth every effort in his power to advance the cause of Christianity and extend the 
influence of the church. In harmony w-ith his Christian views and the teachings 
of Him wlio came not to be ministered unto but to minister, Thomas H. Read 
largely labored to promote the cause of- temperance, realizing how great an evil 
is intemperance, causing untold unhappiness, sorrow and oftentimes crimes, and 
hampering the powers of the individual. He endorsed the princ pies of the Pro- 
hibition party, formed to curb the intemperance of the land through laws enacted 
for the suppression of the manufacture and sale of intoxicants. He never wavered 
in his efforts to promote his temperance principles and aid his fellow men, for he 
was a man of deep sympathy and desired that all men should develop the best 
in them. He contributed liberally of both his time and me-ns to the cause. He 
believed that the continuous existence of this republic is dependent upon the ulti- 
mate triumph of the prohibition cause and party over 'the old political parties, and 
never did he waver or hesitate in putting forth every effort to strengthen the tem- 
perance movement. The world is better for his having lived, and his memory is an 
inspiration and an aid to many who knew him and is cherished in the hearts of 
many who loved to call him friend. 



THOM.\S GR.\H.AM. 



Thomas Graham, of Pomt Pleasant. Xew Jer.-ey, prominent as a man of affairs 
and favorably known as a most capable and useful public ofiicial, was born in Bos- 
ton, Mas.'^chusttts, July 14, 1851. He was of Scotch descent, and his paternal 
grandfather was surgeon-general in the British army. 

James Graham, son of Surgeon-general Graham, came from Scotland witli his 
wife (who was Jane Martin) and two children, and located in Boston. He had been 
educated :is a physician, but engaged in manui'acturing pursuits and became superin- 
tendent of the American Raitan Works. His licaltli becoming impaired, he made 



22 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

a visit to !iis native land, hoping I'or restoration, but died in Edinburgh. His chil- 
dren were Johii M., president of the Internatiorial Trust Company, of Boston. Massa- 
chusetts; James, w'ho became a lieutenant in the Twenty-fifth Massachusetts Infantry 
Regiment, and after making a splendid record by his galbnt behavior in numer- 
ous engagements, was killed in the battle of Cold Harbor, aged twenty-eight years ; 
Thomas, who is further named below ; and Robert, a commercial traveler. 

Thomas Graham, son of James and Jans (Martin; Graham, 'obtained a thor- 
ough common s.chool education and was graduated from a commercial college in 
Fitchburg, Massichusetts. He was clerk in a store for live years, and he was sub- 
sequently employed in a clerical capacity in the- Brooklyn navy yard. In 1876 he re- 
moved to Point Pleasant. New Jersey, and engaged in contract work as a painter. 

From the time of his coming to Point Pleasant he identified himself actively 
with every movement for the advancement of public interests, and his zealous inter- 
est and capability brought hnn mto various public positions. He was for some years 
a member of the borough council and president of the board of education, and he 
was coroner of Ocean county for two terms. A Republican in politics he was active 
and influential m maintaining the principles and policies of his party, and came 10 
be recognized as a leader in political affairs in his county and district. He served 
a term as postmaster of Point Pleasant under President Harrison, and he was again 
appointed by President McKmiey in 1897, and reappointed by the same authority in 
igoi. He was assistant sergeant-at-arms of the New Jersey assembly for two 
years and he was secretary of the local McKinky and Roosevelt Club, and has been 
a frequent delegate to the county, congressional, district and state conventions of his 
party. In all these relations he has acquitted himself as becomes a man of genuine 
principle and pTitriotism. He is a member of various fraternal and social bodies — 
the Knights of Pythias, the Red Men, the Senior Order of American Mechanics, and 
the K. C. E.. in the latter of which he h,a5 been first presiding officer. For ten years 
he was a member of the Tenth Regiment. Massachusetts Militia. 

Mr. Graham was married July 3, 1873, to Miss R. Jane, a daughter of Zephaniah 
Pierce, of Point Pleasant, and of this marriage four children have been born— Jane 
E., collector in tlw Point Pleasant postoffice ; Robert Claverhouse, Henry H. and 
James J. Graham. 



ALBERT THOMAS ROGERS. 

,\lbert Thomas Rogers, whose career has been marked willi great energy and 
fidelity to the interests of the people of the community in which he resides, was born 
born in Seagirt, Monmouth county. New Jersey. March 20, 1S5S. a son of George 
W. and Deborah (Harris) Rogers. After a short period of time the family removed 
to Manasquan, New Jersey, where young Rogers was reared on a farm, and received 
his education ni the prblic schools of the town. Subsec|uently he secured employ- 
ment as a driver on a baker's wagon: he continued at this occupation for several 
years, and the last twenty years has been engaged in the milk business in Asbury 
Park, New Jersey; he runs two wagons, and delivers his milk in Ocean Grove and 
Bradley Beach. During the off seasons he secures some business by contracting on 
public works. 

Mr. Rogers is a stanch and loyal Democrat in his political views, and is a 
member of the Democratic executive committee. He was chosen by the people to act 
as member of the council of Bradley Beach for six years, and for three years (from 
1899 to 1901) he filled the responsible position of mayor of Bradley Beach, and in 
that capacity he has been instrumental in securing many important improvements 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 23 

\\liich add greatly to llic cumt'ort and benefit of the residents, on Main street, Cliff, 
Madison, Central and Beach avenues. It was also during his administration that 
the water fvsteni was instituted in Bradley Beach. 

Mr. Rogers is a member of the Odd Fellows, Neptune Lodge, No. 84, Royal Ar- 
canum, Junior Order of United American Mechanics, Red Cross and the Red Men. 
He is also a member of the First Jilethodist Episcopal church of Bradley Beach. 
He resides in one of the oldest sections of Ocean Grove. New Jersey. 

Mr. Rogers was joined in r.iarriage to Miss Cora Fisher, daughter of Robert and 
Marion Fisher, and two children have been born to them, namely: William A. an-i 
Archie C. Rogers. 



JOHN W, HULSE. 



Xumcons families in Monmouth county. New Jersey, known by the name of 
Hulse or Husehart, are descendants of Benjamin Holsaert and Annetie Luister, his 
wife, as their name appears on the records of the Dutch church of Monmouth, in 
which they were comn-unicants in 1717. Other frirnis of the family name are Hulst 
and Huiz. Judge Beekman, in his '"Early Dutch Settlers of Monmouth County," 
speaks of this family as "a plain and unpretentious pctople. without those meddle- 
some propen.=ities, overweening self-conceit and insatiable curiosity which make the 
descendants of certain people ruch unmitigated nuisances to their neighbors." .-Xnd 
the saiue writer say? of the subject of this sketch that "in his physical appearance 
he is a fair type of the old generations of this family, and also seems to have their 
usual mental traits." 

Mr. Hulse was born in Mrmminuh county in September. 1847. son of Joseph 
G. Hulshart and his wife. Agnes, whose maiden name was Bennett. For convenience, 
and as other branches of the family have done, he shortened the name which Jiis 
father bore and gave it the present form o^ Hulse. He attended the neighborhood 
school, but when he had arrived at the age of little more than sixteen years of 
age he laid aside his books to aid in the maintenance of the Union, enlisting as a pri- 
vate in the Thirty-eighth Regiment. New Jersey Volunteers, commanded by that 
distinguisned soldier and statesman. Colonel William J. Sewell. Young Hulse par- 
ticipated in several brisk engagements, and otherwise faithfully performed the duly 
of a soldier until the close 01 the war, when he was honorably discharged. For 
eleven years afterward he was active in the National Guard of New Jersey, rising lo 
the rank of first lieutenant, and finally terminating the service by resignation. In 
1872 he became a member of the Freehold fire department, with which he maintained 
active connection for the long period of twenty-six years, during which time he 
made for hinisell a record for efticicncy and zeal unexcelled in Ihc history of the 
organization. During the last nine years of his service he occupied the position of 
chief engineer, and discharged the duties of the position in such manner as to win 
honor for himself as well as for the organization. In igoo he was elected justice 
of the peace for Freehold towiiship. and in that oflice acquitted himself so satis- 
factorily that at the cnstiing election he was re-elected without opposition. 

Mr. Hulse was married on Christmas Day, 1867. to Miss Lydia VanClef, of 
Manalapan township, a daughter of John \'an Clef, an old and prominent citizen. 
Two children were born of this marriage: Margaret, who became the wife of 
Charles H. T. Clayton, who is engaged in the unlertaking business in Addphi, and 
to whom were born two children, Ada and Enneslcy; and James B. Hulse, who is a 
printer. 



24 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

GARRETT SCHAXCK. 

Garrett Schanck, who was a prominent citizen of Freehold township, was born 
in 1820, and was a descendant of the old Xew Jersey family of Schancks and of 
Captain Schanck, of Revolutionary fame. His father, John K., followed farming as 
a life-lor.g occupation and had seven children: Peter. Gilbert, Joseph. Grant and 
Garrett, all ot v'hom are deceased; Lydia, who married Joseph Leffson; and Ellen, 
who n\arried William Clayton. 

Garrett Schanck during his life time was a prosperous farmer in Marlboro town- 
ship and died tbere on his farm August 18, 1868. He was a member of the old brick 
church of Marlboro. On November 19, 1856, he was married, in Marlboro township, 
to Anna Wall, and they had two children : John W. and Georgieana, both of whom 
are members of the Reformed church of Freehold, of which Dr. Brokani is the 
pastor. John W. was born May 10, 1864. He is a clerk for C. M. Holmes in Free- 
hold and is a member of the Order of Red Men, of Freehold. Miss Georgieana 
Schanck is living witii her brother at their home in Freehold. 



CAPT. JAMES S. WALLIXG. 

Captain James S. Walling, whose mature years have been busily occupied to 
the present time with the water transportation and mercantile affairs of Keyport, 
and who has otherwise contributed usefully to the interests of that village, is a na- 
tive of Long Island, born in Brooklyn, in the historic region which was formerly 
a. portion of the Van Brunt tract, March 20, 1846. His parents were Benjamin B. 
and Elizann (Walling) Walling, both natives of New- Jersey .the former born in 
Centreville, and the latter in Port Monmouth. The father was a large and success- 
ful farmer. He died December 9, 1895, and his wife died April 9, 1887. 

James S. Walling" received his education in the schools of Flatbush, Long 
Island, and Centreville, New Jersey. When sixteen years of age he was engaged 
as a clerk in the Washington Market, New York, where he served in tliat and 
other capacities for some years. In 1868 he found emploj-ment on the freight 
steamer "Ilolmdel," plying between Keyport and New York, under command of 
Captain H. E. Ackerson, and this was the beginning of his seri'ice in transporta- 
tion business, extending through the unusually long period of thirty-two years. For 
the first year he served as clerk and salesman, and for eighteen years following 
as passenger clerk and salesman, under Captain H. E. Bishop, on the steamers 
"Matawan" and "Minnie Cornell." Captain Bishop died early in 1886, and Mr. 
Walling succeeded to the command of the last named vessel. Two years later Captain 
Walling resigned his commandership. but remained on the boat, transacting for its 
owners (the Keyport Steamer Company) a general commission business. He was 
so engaged until the vessel was burned, since which time he has followed similar 
pursuits on the steamer "Magenta." owned by the same company. 

Captain Walling has been frequently called to important public positions. His 
most useful service was as a member of the Keyport board of education, of which 
he was president for two years. In politics he is a Republican. C:iptain Walling was 
married March 10. 1868, to Miss Emma .\umack. daughter of Thomas W. Aumack, 
of Keyport. Three children were born of this marriage: Elizabeth, who is the wife 
of Elmer E. Morris, of Keyport : Ella A., who is now the wife of Richard R. Brown, 
a hardware merchant of the same place: and Burroughs B. Walling, who is a member 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 25 

of the wholesale hardware firm of Miller, Scars & Walling, of 100-102 Read street, 
New York City. Captain Walling and family reside at No. 70 First street, Keyport, 
and arc attendants of the Baptist church. 



CH.^RLES A. H.VNKINS. 

Charles A. Hankins, an energetic and prosperous agriculturist of Brick town- 
ship, Ocean county, New Jeriey, wi'S horn October 26. 18O6, near Bennetts Mills, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey. He is a descendant of a family of loyal patriots, 
his great-great-grandfather, Zachariah Hankins, being a conspicuous hero of the 
Revolutionary war. In the battle of Princeton especially did this soldier show his 
bravery and courage. In the midst of the bloody strife, with parched lips and beating 
pulse, with the din of muskets on one hand and the dying groans of his comrades on 
the other, he ever acted with calmness and decision. On one occasion his musket 
was shot from his grasp, and with the strength of a hero, yet with the tenderness of 
a motl'.cr, his bleeding hands took from the grasp of a dying tent-mate, who had 
answered his last roll call, the gun which he had carried into the fight, and continued 
in the battle; he served until the end of the struggle which brought to the colonists 
their freedom. The great-grandfather of our subject was Richard Hankins, who took 
for his first wife a Miss Emmons. He afterward married Miss Kassiah Voorhccs. 
Richard Hankins was an able and experienced blacksmith and shoemaker, as well 
as a farmer. He was the owner of about one hundred and seventy acres of rich 
land. Of his family, John C, the grandfather of our subject, was taught the trade 
of carpenter. He was proud of this profession, being a very competent workman. 
He was also a first class mechanic, and worked at these professions during his entire 
life. He was a member of the Baptist church and led a consistent Christian life. 
Unto him and his wife, who in her maidenhood was Fransynchee Voorhees. wcrs 
born six children, all of whom arc now living, as follow s : W'illiam A. : J. \V.. the 
father of our subject; Mary A.; Richard D. ; Homer C. ; and Margaret J. J. W. 
Hankins was born August 29, 1840, in Jackson township, Monmouth county, near Ben- 
nets Mills. His father taught him the trade of a carpenter, which he has followed m 
conjunction w-ith farming all his life. The courage and patriotism of his anc-;stor, 
Zachariah Hankins, was clearly manifest in him when in 1862, when his country 
again needed her loyal sons; he took up arms in defense of the nation, and became 
a pr-vate in Company E, Tw'enty-eighth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. At the 
expiration of nine months, the term of his service, he was honorably discharged and 
returned to his tra-ie and the peaceful pursuits of citizenship. He was married in 
1863 to Miss Rebecca .Applegatc, by whom he had three children, namely: Mary E., 
deceased; Harry .\. ; and Charles A. Mr. Hankins has always l>een interested in the 
welfare and advancement of his connnunity, and has held the offices of school trustee 
and district clerk. 

Charles A. Hankins. whose name introduces this review, was the youngest son 
of John VV. and Rebecca (Applegate) Hankins. He was reared and educated in the 
conimimity in which he was born, and in early life became a clerk in a grocery store. 
In 188.V when seventeen years of age. he went to Chicago, where he obtained a position 
as clerk in a grocery store. In the following year he began business on his own respon- 
sibility, opening a confectionery and tobacco store in the same city, but this he sold out 
the next year, and started westward on a long trip, passing through Kansas City, 
Denver, Salt Lake City, Ogden. California, and many other minor points of interest. 



26 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 



and finally Inoatcd in San Francisco, where he remained lor a period of fonr year.-. 
The greater part of this time he spent on the water, coasting as far north a^ .\laska, 
and soinhward to the Hawaiian Islands. In 1891, however, he returned to his native 
county and state, where he engaged in fanning, in connection with which he opened a 
grocery store at Herbertsville, New Jersey. At the end of two years he sold this prop- 
erty and removed to East Lakewood. New Jersey. Here he purchased a tract of land 
and spent considerable time and labor in its improvement, and finally sold it in 1901. 
He then purchased sixty acres of farming property in Brick township, Ocean county, 
where he now resides, and his farm plainly gives evidence of tlie care and labor whicli 
has been bestowed upon it by the owner. 

Mr. Hankin.^ was joined in marriage in 1S93 to Miss Lizzie Havens, a daughter 
of Joseph and Elizabeth Havens, who was born at Herbertsville, New Jersey. Their 
liome has been blessed with three children, tw-o of whom are n'ow living: Ellis B. 
and Blanch E. Mr. Hankins has all the characteristics of a good and worthy citizen, 
being a man of honor and integrity, and enjoys the esteem and confidence of all with 
whom he associaies. 



CHARLES J. ROSS. 



Among all the denizens of the famous health and pleasure resorts along the 
New Jersey coast, none is more widely or more favorably known than Charles J. 
Ross, of Asbury Park, an accomplished stage artist and proprietor of one of the 
handsomest and best managed hotels and road houses in all New Jersey ; and having 
a genial personality which attracts, he numbers his friends by the thousands, and 
from all parts of the country, and Europe as well. 

!Mr. Ross is a native of Canada, born in Montreal, February 18, 1859. His 




The Ross-Fentox F.ak.m. 



life was one of arduous labor, even hardship, from the beginning. He left his native 
country when a mere boy, coming to New York City, where he obtained his only 




C^^i/^ 





Ci^^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 27 

schoolroom education in tlie intervals when he was not laboring. Making his own 
way in the world, he worked at such tasks as he could lind until he was twelve years 
of age, when he laid down his books and bade farewell to school forever. His 
learning was not much, but he was possessed of anibition, determination, and rare 
powers of observation and discernment, and he acquired in later days a generous 
fund of knowledge, which qualified him for the prompt and accurate conduct of 
every business transaction, and to acquit himself creditably in professional and 
social circles. 

On thus leaving school, when not yet in his 'teens, he went west and for thir- 
teen years worked on farms and in racing stables in Missouri. In 1885, when twen- 
ty-four years of age, he went upon the stage in song and dance work. He mani- 
fested a genuine talent for the business, and proved a favorite with the amusement 
loving public from the first; he made rapid progress, passing successfully to more 
prominent positions in the profession, until he came into the front rank of genuine 
genteel comedians. For five years he was a leading member of the W'elier & 
Fields Comedy Company, and appeared before delighted audiences in all parts of 
the country. In 1883 he was married to Mis.s Mabel Fenton, a lady possessing gifts 
and tastes like his own, and the two — husband and wife — prepared themselves in 
original high class burlesque work, and soon became famous as the "Ross and 
Fenton Team." Under this name they played in "A Passing Show" and "Sleeping 
Beauty and the Beast." These delightful creations of their own proved entirely 
successful, and the one last named has just closed a most successful season at tjie 
Broadway theatre in New York City, and has added to their laurels as genuine 
artists and versatile innovators. 

In 1897 Mr. Ross purchased a tract of land on Seventh avenue, in Asbury Park, 
upon which he erected one of the handsomest and mast spac'ous hotels and road 
houses upon the entire New Jersey coast — a place which has become world-famous 
as the "Ross Fenton Farm." He is also the owner of other large and valuable 
properties. 

His social traits have endeared him. to all circle.^ in which he moves, and he 
enjoys a distinct popularity in various bodies of which he is a member, among which 
are Lodge No. I. B. P. O. E., New York; Union Lodge. F. & A. M.. New "^'ork: 
Ulysses Lodge, K. P., of Boston; the New York .Athletic Club: and the Elkwood 
Driving Club of Long Branch. 



BEN.rAMIN DU BOIS SMOCK. 

Benjamin Du Bois Smock is a worthy descendant of a family which has been 
prominent in the civil, religious and military life of Monmouth county. New Jersey. 
Hendrick Maythson Smock, the earliest American ancestor of the Smock family, came 
from old and honored stock in Holland, and sailing from Utrecht, in 1654, he settled 
in Little Utrecht, Long Island. He married Gerritze Hermans, and several children 
were born to them, one of whom. Johannis, alter reaching mature years removed Vo 
Monmouth county. New Jersey, where he was married to Catherine Barents. Their 
son, Hendrick Smock, was born October t6, 1698, was united in marriage to Mary 
Schenck, and his death occurrca on the .^oth of May. 1747. Their son John, whb was 
born February 13, 1737. married Elizabeth Cowenhoven, and his death occurred on the 
6ih of September, 1808. Among their children was Hendrick Smock, who was born 
October 25, 1749. He married Sarah Lane and passed away March 25, 1814, leaving 



2 8 HISTORY OF THE XE^^' JERSEY COAST. 

a surviving wn. Aaron Snioclc, who was born July 24, 1783. Tlie latter married 
Eleanor Schenck, and his death loccurred on the 17th of August, 1835. 

Daniel P. Smock, a son of Eleanor and Aaron Smock, was born on the gth of 
December, 1812, and he was called to his final rest on the 2d of February, 1896. He 
was twice married, his first union being with Ann Schenck, a daughter of the Hon. 
De La Fayette Schenck. whose father, Captain John Schenck, was such a bitter foe 
to the British during the Revolutionary war that Sir Henry Clinton offered fifty 
j.uineas for his, head. His sister Anna, who then lived on Long Island, overheard a 
piot laid for his capture and by a trusty messenger sent him a brace of pistols and also 
the good advice. "John, never allow yourself to be taken alive." The enemy came in 
force to effect his capture, fifteen hundred regulars landing near Sandy Hook, and, 
marching inland, they found the Captain with six hundred militia men and some 
iarmers well posted on a high bill near his home. After a severe engagement the 
British were obliged to retire without him, and he continued to harrass the enemy on 
their return march until he was hit in the knee by a spent ball and was obliged to remain 
in a rye field for some time, his men keeping in to&ch with the enemy until they reached 
their boats. During the skirmish Captain Schenck's babe lay hidden in the cellar 
w-hile the musket balls were embedded in the house, and this boy was the first boy 
born in America named for the Marquis De Lafayette. He served his state in the legis- 
lature, was the first president of the first bank in Monmouth county, the Farmers 
& Merchants Bank of Middletown Point, was president of the Monmouth County 
Plank Road Company and was a man of great local influence. The Schenck family 
were descended from Die Schencken, chief butler to Charlemagne of France. For 
his second wife Daniel P. Smock chose Sarah J. DuBois, of Ohio. His son by the 
first marriage, Milton Smock, was born September 21, 1839, and died on the 61I1 of 
June. 1891. He married Elizabeth Du Bois, the great-granddaughter of the Rev. 
Benjamin Du Bois, and their son, Benjamin Du Bois Smock, is the subject of this 
sketch. 

There are few families in the state that are able to show a more patriotic record. 
One of the name distinguished himself in the Revolutionary war, and five members of 
the family have their deeds engraved upon the pages of history. — John. Henry and 
Barent, sons of Hendrick and Mary (Schenck) Smock, one grandson and a brother's 
grandson serving with courage and gallantry in the defense of their country. John 
Smock was a captain in the First Regiment at Monmouth in 1777, major and lieutenant 
colonel in the same regiment in 1778, was taken prisoner in September, 1780, and in 
the same year was promoted to the rank of colonel. Barent Smock, his brother, was 
also a captain in the First Regiment and subsequently was captain of artillery. He 
was taken prisoner in September, 1780. Hendrick Smock, the third brother, was one 
of the minute men and on October 12, 1775, was appointed captain'of the First Regi- 
ment of Monmouth, while in the following year he was made captain of a military 
r:ompany. Hendrick Smock, son of John Smcck, was a captain in his father's regi- 
ment and was taken prisoner in September. 1780. Barent J. Smock was a private in 
the light horse and was made .1 corporal in 1779. a lieutenant in 1780 and a captain 
in the same year. In 1812 the patriotic spirit of his ancestors prompted Aaron Smock, 
a grandson of John Smock, to take up arms for his country, and he was stationed at 
Sandy Hook fort in the capacity of lieutenant. While at this post of duty his son, 
Daniel P. Smock was born. This son in later years became well known throughout 
the. country as an accomplished horticulturist and was the originator of the "Smock" 
peacli, a hardy and delicious variety of (his lucious fruit. 

Not only on the paternal bat also on the maternal side of the family the ancestry 
has been distinguished for bravery on the field of battle. The Du Bois family traces 
a direct line from the twelfth century, and through successive generations have kept 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 29 



intact the fame high standard of life. Louis Dii Bois, the ancestor of the .\incrican 
branch of the family, was a French refugee who came to -Vnierica in i66r. The family 
name signifies "of the forest," and the family motto is "Tiens ta Foi, u. c. hold fast the 
Faith." The descendants of this family in Monmouth county trace their ancestry 
through Jacob Du Bois, who married Gngeritze Gerritsen. They reared a large family, 
and it was through their efforts that the first Reformed church was established in 
Monmouth county. In fact this family have been prominently identified with almost 
every phase of the history of New Jersey. The Rev. Benjamin Du Bcis was the great- 
grandfather of the late vice-president Garrett A. Hobart, his daughter Elizabeth 
(Du Bois) Van Deveer, being the mother of Sophia, wife of Addison W. Hobart 
and grandmother of Erastus, Garrett Augustus and David R. Hobart. Rev. Benjamin 
Du Bois was licensed to preach in 1764, and immediately identified himself with the 
Dutch Reformed church at Freehold, Brick church and Middletown. "Dominie" Du 
Bois, as he was called, had the ability to preach in Dutch to the older members of his 
flock and in English to the understanding of the younger members. During the Revo- 
lutionary war .he showed the people that he was able to do more than preach, as he 
frequently shouldercl a musket and knapsack to join the local militia, and Captain 
John Smock was always solicitous for the safety of the "fighting parson," and 
endeavored to keep him from too great an exposure to the fire of the enemy. He died 
in 1827. at the age of eighty-eight years, after having faithfully preached the Gospel 
for sixty-three years. His wife survived him twelve years, having almost reached her 
ninety-sixth year. 

Benjamin Dii Bois Smock, named for "Dominie" Du Bois. is a woriliy bearer of 
this old and honored family name. Born January 9, 1871, on the farm belonging to his 
father in Marlborough township, Monmouth county, New Jersey, he acquired his edu- 
cation in the excellent public schools of his native place. Having been reared on the 
farm, he naturally took a keen and intelligent interest in agricultural pursuits, and 
since the death of his father he has assumed the entire management of the large estate, 
conducting it with ability and success. He is one of the foremost citizens of the 
locality, not only honored for his old and honorable ancestry but also for the many 
noble traits of character he possesses and for his pleasant personality. 



JOnX X. BURTIS. 



Among the business men of Asbury Park whose excellent business ability has 
been rewarded with a liberal patronage, and whose fine manly qualities have wvan the 
confidence and esteem of the community, is to be named John N. Burtis, who has con- 
tributed a full share to the commercial and social interests of the city. 

Mr. Burtis was born at Wrightstown, New Jersey, January 31, 1859. His parents 
were Benjamin S. and Rachel A. Burtis, well regarded residents of that town. He 
was there educated in the public schools, and there he entered upon his first occupation 
in young manhood. He was first engaged with his father in a meat market business, 
in which he continued for three years. He then located in Asbury Park, where he took 
charge of a piano and organ establishment belonging to his brother. After a number 
of years he purchased the business, which he has developed to such a degree, that it 
has become the most extensive in its line on that part of the coast. With excellent 
knowledge of the various classes of instruments, his judgment is regarded with con- 
fidence by his customers, and he has extended his trade largely outside the usual bounds 
of territory. For eight years past he has also conducted an undertaking establishment, 
and has given to it such careful conduct that he has secured a very large patronage 



30 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

from tlic city and its vicinage. His fales rooms and undertaking rooms are located at 
Nos. 645-7 Mattison Avenue. In his personal character Mr. Burtis is a well informed 
and affabk gentleman. In all his dealings with his fellows he is the soul of honor, 
and he is a ready helper in every cause for the promotion of the material and moral 
advancement cf the community. 

Mr. Burtis was married, March i. 1888, to Miss Virginia R. Baniber, a highly 
educated rnd cultured lady of Brooklyn, New York. Their children are Amy R., 
Mabel V.. and Ralph J. Burtis. Mr. Burtis is an active and earnest member of the 
First Baptist church of Asbury Park, as is his wife. He is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, the Knights of the Golden Eagle, the Order of American Mechanics, and 
Neptune Engine Hose Company No, 2. 



WILLIAM APPLEGATE WALLING. 

One of the practical and prosperous farmers of Monmouth county, New Jersey, 
is William A. Walling, who belongs to an old and honorable family of this part 
of the state. His grandfather, Richard Walling, married Deborah Burrowes and 
they lived at Leonardsville, which is now Atlantic Highlands, and reared eight chil- 
dren, one of these being Thomas Burrowes Walling, who was the father of Will- 
iam A. 

Thomas B. Walling was born in i8i6, and in December, 1855, he purchased a 
large tract of land consisting of one hundred and ninety-two acres, which was form- 
erly a part of the property of the North American Phalanx Company. Here Mr. 
Walling lived a life of industry, raising large crops and numbers of fine cattle, enjoying 
to its utmost the blessings Avhich .attend a comfortable agricultural life. He was a 
man of more than average intelligence and education, and was a most highly es- 
teemed deacon in the Baptist church. He married Catherine Patterson Applegate 
and their children were the following named: William A.; Mary E., deceased; 
Deborah, deceased ; James A. ; Rachel Ann, and Catherine. The death of Mr. Walling 
took place on February 12, 1898. and his wife died on February 19, i88g. 

Catherine P. (Applegate) Walling, the mother of William A., was a descend- 
ant of Bartholomew Applegate, of whom it is recorded in the first volume of the 
"New Jersey Archives," that he applied to a coimcil assembled at Fort William 
Hendrick, 1647, for permission 'to purchase land from the Indians, in Middletown, 
near the Navesink, fit for settlement for six or eight families. A patent w-as granted 
him for this land, located on the Raritan Bay, at what is now known as Applcgate's 
Landing, a portion of which is now occupied by William Conover. 

William A. Walling was born at Red Bank, New Jersey, April 10, 1849. His 
primary education was acquired at the common schools, and later he attended the 
Peddic Institute, at Hightstown, New Jersey, and later took a commercial course 
at Rider & Beecher's Business College, Trenton, New Jersey. 

Ani'ply prepared for almost any career, Mr. Walling decided to return to the 
old farm and follow, in a measure, in his father's worthy footsteps. By purchase 
from his father he acquired one hundred and fifty-five acres, seventy of which he 
sold to the Tintern Water Company, and upon the balance of eighty-six acres he has 
given especial attention to all the various lines of agricultural labor, until he has one 
of the most productive and satisfactory properties in the county. In conjunction 
with his farming operations. Mr, Walling is extensively engaged in the handling 
of agricultural machinery, proving himself as capable in this business as he is profi- 
cient in agricultural lines. 




W. A. WALLING. 



HISTORY OF THE XE\\' JERSEY COAST. 31 

Mr. Walling has taken a great interest in all township and county atTairs. being 
progressive and public-spirited, and that he possesses the contidence and esteem of 
his fellow citizens, has been evidenced by the various positions of honor and trust, 
in which they have called him to ser\-e theni. For a period he was collector of 
taxes, performing the duties of this office to the satisfaction of all concerned, and 
during an equally long period he was one of the most efficient members of the board 
of education. His services as township committeeman embraced a period of two 
years. Fraternally he is a member of the Royal Arcanum. His early religious 
rearing was in the Baptist church, and he still remains one of its leading supporters 
and consistent members. 

Mr. Walling was married on January i, 1874, to Miss Susan S. Coleman, a 
daughter of William and Sarah A. Coleman, who was born in Trenton, New Jersej-. 
To this union three children were born, namely : Sarah A., who married Daniel 
Shutts, of Asbury Park, Now Jersey, by whom she had one child, Daniel Leroy 
Shutts ; Thomas R., who is associated with W. H. Jackson & Company, of New 
York ; and Henry A. Walling. 

Mr. Walling is one of the leading men in his township and is highly esteemed 
for his many excellent traits of character, which are displayed in every relation of 
life, being a kind husband, a most devoted fatlicr. an exemplary Christian, and an 
excellent citizen. 



MORFORD TAYLOR. 



That thrifty, enterprising, and patriotic blood which distinguishes Scotchn'.cMt 
everywhere hns flowed in the veins of the paternal ancestors of Atorford Taylor for 
countless generations. George Taylor, his grandfather, came with his wife. Hannah, 
to America and settled in the locality that is now known as Montrose. Monmouth 
couivty, New Jersey, then called Barrentsen. He was a cooper by trade but turned his 
attention to farming. In religious faith he was a Baptist, attended the Holmdel church, 
and was liberal in the support of its various interests. His children were named James, 
George, John G., Edward, Hannah, Rachel, and Betsey. 

John G. Taylor, father of Morford Taylor, of Holmdel, Monmouth county, New 
Jersey, was born in September, 1787. He received his education in the public schools 
and for a time after he left school he was employed on his father's farm. Eventually, 
he learned the cooper's trade with his father and worked at it much of the time during 
his earlier years. Later in life he gave especial attention to farming and milling, and 
became one of the proprietors of a grist mill known as Taylor's mill, in Atlanta town- 
ship, then known as Baptist-town. He was successful as a farmer and grain dealer 
and accumulated considerable wealth. Politically he was a Whig, who wielded a 
good deal of influence in local affairs and held the oftices of township commissioner 
?nd overseer of highways at Middlctown. 

The farm of one hundred and thirteen acres near Holmdel, now owned by Morford 
Taylor, was bought by John G. Taylor, May 10. 1825, of Lafayette Schenck. Mr. 
Taylor was married three times. In 1809 he married Elizabeth Conovcr and alter 
her death, in 1816, he married her sister, Mary Conover. They were daughters of 
Terris Conover, of Matawaii, New Jersey. His third wife was Lydia Morford, whom 
he married in 1823, By his first wife he had three children: by his second wife, six 
children ; and by his third wite, eight chil-lren, — seventeen in all, twelve of whom 
grew to maturity, and four of whom were living in 1901. Mr. Taylor was a member of 



32 



HISTORY OF THE XEW TERSEY COAST. 



the Baptist church, in which he held the office of deacon. He died in 1864 at the age 
of seventy-eight year.;, and his wife. Lydia (Morford) Taylor, died in 1877. 

JMorford Taylor wp.s horn on the farm which he now owns in 1836, a son of 
John G. and Lydia (Morford) Taylor. He has been a farmer all his life and, like 
his lather, long gave attention to milling, a business which he abandoned in 1889. As 
a farmer he was practical and prosperous, and everything about his place betokens 
enterprise and prosperity. He is a member of the Baptist church of Holmdel, in which 
he holds the offices of deacon and trustee. 

In 1864, Mr. Taylor married Miss Jane F. Frost, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah 
Frost, who in 1867 bore him a son, F.dwarc" F. Taylor. 



ROBERT FISHER. 



One of the best known real estate dealers and progressive business men num- 
bered among the representatives of the commercial interests of Ocean City is Robert 
Fisher, who has traveled extensively in Europe and the United States, is broad 
and cosmopolitan in his views and work, and in his perceptions of the needs of the 
city, which has reached that period in its development when every move exerts a 




Robert Fisher's Home. 



tolling influence on the future, and thus his energies in both public and private life have 
been directed toward the consummation of the success which can arise only from 
wide administration of official prerogatives and from a careful conduct, of business 
affairs. He was one of the first real-estate agents to locate in the city and is now 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 33 

one of the representative dealers liere. He has been connected with the largest 
sales of lots that have ever taken place on the Island; his business interests are 
therefore very closely interwoven with the history of the city, while his knowledge 
of locations and values is of vast benefit to purchasers. 

The record of his life cannot fail to prove of interest to the readers of this 
volume. He was born February 24, 1848, in the county of Antrim, province of 
Ulster, Ireland, his parents being James and Isabella (Hume) Fisher. The family 
is of Scotch origin, but the grandfather of our subject, John Fisher, was a farmer 
of county .\ntrim and was a member of a yeomanry company of cavalry in the 
rebellion of 1798. During his military service he participated in a number of hard- 
fought engagements. He had two children : Charlotte, who' became the wife of 
John Tolerton, a farmer of the Emerald Isle ; and James. The latter was born in 
1791, became an agriculturist of county Antrim and held membership in the Pres- 
byterian church. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Isabella Hume, was a 
direct descendant of Earl William Hume, and they had eight children : Hume, 
who died in childhood ; John, Anna, William, Isabella, Mary, Robert and Hume. 
The father of these cliildren died ini 1864, at the age of seventy-three years, and 
the mother passed away at the age of ninety years. 

Robert Fisher, whose name heads this record, was educated in the national 
schools of Ireland and the Royal Irish .Academy at Belfast, being graduated in the 
latter institution. He then accepted the position of wine agent for the firm of 
Dunville & Company, extensive merchants of Belfast, with whom he was associated 
for six years. He then came to the United States, in 1868, locating first in Brook- 
lyn, New York, whence he removed to Ocean City, February 22, 1880. He was for 
four years the local secretary and agent of the Ocean City Association, hi charge 
of their real-estate interests at this place. He then engaged in the real-estate 
business for himself. As the agent for the association he sold many plats of land 
in the island. He has been in one way and another identified with almost all the 
important real-estate deals that have taken place since his arrival in Ocean City. 
He is a very extensive real-estate operator, both buying and selling, and has just 
completed the largest sale made in Ocean City during the year 1899. He has ex- 
tensive property holdings of his own, atnong which is the Bourse building, and he 
conducts the leading drug store in Ocean City, located in the Bourse building, in- 
which also his large and attractive offices arc found. 

In July, 1868, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Fisher and Miss Lizzie 
Swindell Graham, a daughter of Gerald Graham, of county Fermanagh, Ireland. 
Two children have been born to them, Anna Hume and Victor Stanley. 

In politics Mr. Fisher is a stalwart Republican. He served as the mayor of 
Ocean City in 1804-5, his administration resulting greatly to the benefit of the town 
and the promotion of its leading interests. He is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity and of the Presbyterian church. He formerly belonged to the Methodist 
Episcopal church at Ocean City and was the superintendent of the Sunday-school; 
he was also a steward, trustee and exhorter in the church. The First Presby- 
terian church at this place stands in evidence of his interest in the cause of Chris- 
tianity, for it was built as the result of his efforts. In July, 1897, he undtrtcok the 
work, personally soliciting the money for the building fund, and as a member of 
the building committee he had entire charge of the building operations. Within 
three weeks of the time he started out with his subscription paper he had a church, 
and services were conducted on the third Sunday. 

In manner Mr. Fisher is cordial and genial. The characteristics of his parent- 
age are shown in the happy blending of the versatility of the wit and genius of the 
3 



34 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

land of the shamrock and the shrewd economy of the foresight of that of the thistle. 
With the advantage of talents amounting to genius, and with an inlicrcnt hrilliancy 
and versatility of mind that rests only with the reward of high achievement, Mr. 
Fisher's continued success is established, while no more glowing tribute can be paid 
than that his eminence has been reached by the e.xercise of his own abilities. 



JOSEPH FIELD. 



Joseph Field, who is one of the enterprising and progressive young farmers 
of Middlerown township. Monmouth county, New Jersey (post office Redbank), comes 
of a line of ancestors dating back to the conquest by William the Norman. The family 
of Field has held prestige for superior intellect through all successive ages from that 
tmie down to the present. To follow the history of the family from the time of the 
departure of the Fields from France through the period of the settlement of the 
Fields in England and their later emigration to America, would occupy more space 
than could be devoted to it in a work of this kind. 

The paternal great-grandfather of Joseph Field was Elnathan Field, who lived 
on Long Island, but moved to Monmouth county. New Jersey, where he bought a large 
tract of land and became an extensive farmer. He married Mary Willet, who bore 
him children named Thomas, Elnathan. Caroline, Mary, and Huldah. He died in 
Middletown township. In his ninety-seventh year. His children were loyal and pros- 
perous citizens, who commanded the respect and good will of all who knew them. 
Thomas, the grandfather of Joseph Field, was born on Long Island, but when a 
mere boy was taken by his father, Ehiathan Field, to Monmouth county. New Jersey, 
where he became well-to-do as a farmer and influential as a citizen. He married Miss 
Rebecca Shepperd, daughter of Captain Moses Shepperd. of Middletown township, 
who bore him children named Joseph, Thomas. Caroline, and Rebecca. 

Joseph Field, father of the subject of this sketch, was born September 25. 1792, 
on the Field homestead in Middletown township, on and near which his entire useful 
life was passed. He considered farming the most independent of vocations and in early 
manhood bought for himself a farm of one hundred acres, to which he added from 
time to time until he owned four hundred acres. He married Miss Uretta Hedden, 
daughter of John Hedden. who bore him three children, named, respectively, Joseph, 
Uretta and Rebecca. In early life he was a Whig, but from the time of the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party until his death he was a Republican, but he was not an 
office seeker nor a practical politician and reserved the right always to vote for the best 
man, irrespective of party affiliation, and while active at the polls and influential in 
securing the election of many of Iiis friends to office, he would never accept the nomi- 
nation for himself. He was ever an.xious to do wdiatever was possible toward the ad- 
vancement of any movement promising the betterment of his township or county, and 
from time to time he was identified with township interests and for a considerable 
period he was a director in the Middletown and Red Bank Turnpike Company. His 
sectarian inclination was toward the Baptist faith, but he was so liberal in his relig- 
ious views that he supported most generously all sects in his ^^cinity who worshiped 
God in truth and in sincerity. He died in 1896, in his one hundred and fourth year. 
His wife died in 1872. 

Joseph Field was born on his father's farm in Middletown township, Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, in 1870. He attended the public schools neax his home until 
further advancement was impossible and then entered the South Jersey Instititt.?. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 35 

where he prepared for college, and in i8po, after having taken the prescribed course of 
study, he was graduated from the Lehigh University at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. In 
1893 and 1894 he was in the service of the Honduras government, serving with the 
rank of captain on the staff of Domingo Vasquez. president of Honduras, and he 
represented the Honduras government at various times and under trying circumstances, 
fighting gallantly at tlie hattle of Choloteca. Upon his return home, his father having 
died, he took charge of the extensive estate which he now owns. His farm contains 
three hundred acres of productive land, one hundred and fifty acres of whith is 
planted with choice fruit trees. He is a practical farmer of much enterprise and is 
managing his extensive interests admirably. He possesses much literary ability and is 
the author of a volume which will soon be published and which is believed by those 
best able to judge of its merits will be in great demand when it comes irom the press. 
Mr. Field married Miss Nettie Fraser. daughter of A. M. and Mary E. Fraser. in 
1897, and she has borne him a son named Joseph Field, the third of that name in direct 
line. 



DAVID BAIRD. 



The Baird family, of which our subject is a representative, is one of the oldest in 
New Jersey, its identification with the state long antedating the Revolutionary war. 
The first of the name of whom we have authentic record was John Baird, the founder 
of the family in America. He was a native of Scotland and sailed for the new world in 
16S3, when only eighteen years of age. Family tradition states that he landed at Perth 
Amboy and settled in Monmouth county. In 1684 he married Miss Mary Hall, who 
some time previously had been rescued from a shipwrecked vessel in Raritan Bay. 
John Baird died in the month of .\pril, 1755, at the advanced age of ninety years and 
his remains were interred in the old Topanemus cemetery in Marlborough township. 
Among his children were David, Andrew and Zebulon. The last namod died January 
28, 1804, aged eighty-three years, three months and fifteen days, and he, too, was laid 
to rest in the old Topanemus burying-ground. 

David Baird. the eldest son of John Baird. was the great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject. He was born on Wednesday, October 19. 1710. and married Sarah Compton. who 
was born April 18, 1716. Their children were: Jacob, born in November, 1744; Mary, 
born September 30, 1747: John, born October 27. 1750; and David. Jr.. who was 
born July 16, 1754. He was the grandfather of our subject and was three times 
married. He first wedded Rebecca Ely and they had one daughter, Rebecca. The wife 
and mother died, and he then married Lydia Gaston, by whom he had six children: 
Sarah, born November !. 1780; Mary, born Octol>er 15. 1782; John, Worn March 19. 
1784; Jacob, born December 19, 178.S; Lydia, whose date of birth is not known; and 
Phcebe, born November 14. 1790, who became the wife of David Perrine and was the 
grandmother of David V. Perrine, of Freehold. .After the death of the mother of these 
children, David Baird. Jr.. was married November 25. 1795. to Mary Edwards, and their 
children were: David, born February 22, 179": Rei. born May 16, 1798; Elizabeth, born 
March 2, 1800; Thomas, born February 6. 1802: .VLiin, born Decemlier jt,. 1H03; Evelino, 
born October 25, 1805; Joseph, born July 4, 1807; James, born June 3, 1810; Rachel, 
born Se()tember 7, 1812 ; Eleanor, who was born December 15, 1815, and is the only sur- 
viving member of the family; and Zebulon, born January 31. 1819. The father. Dav il 
Baird, Jr., died December 24, 1839. He served in the Colonial army during the war 
of the Revolution, and for gallant and meritorious conduct on the field of battle was 
commissioned capla'.r.. 

Thomas Baird. the father of our subject, first opened his eyes to the light of day 



36 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

on the old family homestead in Millstone township, Monmouth county, and was there 
reared to manhood, his educational privileges being such as were then accorded farm- 
ers' sons by the district schools. Throughout his entire life he followed the occupation 
to which he had been reared, and was an enterprising and indtvstrious agriculturist. 
He married Eieanor P. Bilyeu, a daughter of Peter and Maria (Ogborne) Bilyeu, the 
former of French-Huguenot lineage. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Baird became the parents 
of the following children: David and Jonathan, born August 21, 1829, the latter living 
but one day; Sarah, born March 20, 1833. 

David Baird, who has spent his entire life in Monmouth county, is widely and 
favorably known. No event of special importance occurred in his youth to vary the 
routine of farm life for him. He worked in the fields through the summer months 
and attended school in the winter season. He wedded Mary E. Pullen, a daughter 
of Isaac and Jane (Hulit) Pullen, and their marriage has been blessed with the fol- 
lowing named: Emersttn P., born October 11, 1853; Sarah H., July 9, 1855; Charles 
Augustus, born May 15, 1857; Thomas, born January 2, 1859, and died at the age erf 
three year.s; Willie who was born September 11, i860, and died in childhood; Isaac, 
who was born November 11, 1861, and also died in childhood; Howard, born Feb- 
ruary i6, 1863; Carrie, born March 27, 1865; Henry Leslie, who was born November 
28, 1867, and died in childhood ; David, who was born February 16, 1869, and after 
graduating in the Bellevue Medical College is now successfully practicing medicine 
in Florence, Burlington coimty, New Jersey ; and John H., who was born February 7, 
1872, and is now engaged in horticultural pursuits in Georgia. 

David Baird, of this review, has ever been a progressive, enterprising and worthy 
citizen, and has taken an active interest in all movements and measures which have 
for their object the general welfare. He has served in his township as assessor and 
has also been a member of the board of freeholders. In both offices he discharged his 
duties with signal promptness and ability, thus winning the commendation of all con- 
cerned. 



JAMES TAYLOR WALLING. 

The geutlcinan whose name forms the caption of this sketch is a leading citizen 
of Raritan township, Monmouth county. New Jersey, with postoffice and business 
headquarters at Kcyport, and has attained success as a truck gardener, fruit grower 
and dealer in ice. He is descended from one of the old and honored families of 
Monmouth county and was born on the old homestead of his father witliin sight 
of his present residence, April 6, 1865. The historic old family seat here referred 
to is popularly known as the old mill farm and is one of the landmarks in its vicin- 
ity. Mr. Walling's parents are Taylor W. and Lydia (Wilson) Walling, and their 
ancestral history is set forth in other biographical sketches in this work. Mr. 
Walling's success as a farmer has been noteworthy. His home farm consists of one 
hundred and sixty acres, sixty-three acres of which is tillable land. He is the owner 
also of two other farms near by, each of which contains fifty-six acres. His farm 
is located in a beautiful section of the county a mile and a half southeast of Key- 
port and his home is one of the most hospitable in Raritan township. 

Mr. Walling was married April 15, 1888. to Mary White, who was born De- 
cember 15, 1866, a daughter of George W. and Mary (Fallon) White. Mr. White 
is a native of Monmouth county, Mrs. White was born in Brooklyn, New York. 
Mr. and Mrs. Walling have one son, William Taylor Walling. Politically Mr. 
Walling is a Democrat ; he is not an active partisan, but in many ways he has 
demonstrated his public spirit. He is a member of the Fruit Growers' Association, 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. n 



211 organizaticn for tiie mutual protection and advantage of its members. Hii 
brother is associated with him in the ice trade and their two large ice houses located 
on his farm have a capacity' of two thousand tons. They cut about five acres of ice 
annually and supply the trade of Ke\-port. 



FREDERICK LUTHER. 



The Colt's \eck hotel at Coftsneck. Monmouth county. New Jersey, is a popular 
(hostelry, the history of which extends so far back into the past that it is impossible 
at this time to make any definite statement as to its beginning. It is stated that one 
of its former owners placed on it a sign, bearing the device of a colt's head and neck 
together w-ith the date. i8i", but there is abundant evidence that the old inn was known 
forty to fifty years earlier, more especially during the period of the Reyolution. The 
present genial and obliging proprietor is Frederick Luther, who is favorably known to 
the traveling public for many miles round about. The Colt's Neck hotel has accom- 
modations for about twenty guests and so popular is it under the management of 
"mine host" Luther that it is usually patronized to the extent of its capacity. 

Frederick Luther was born in Berhn, Germany, in 1868, a son of William and 
Louisa Luther, by whom he was brought to the L'nited States at the age of two years, 
in 1870. In 1878 Mr. and Mrs. Luther and their son returned to the fatherland, where 
Mr. and Mrs. Luther are living at this lime. In 1S86. after an absence of eight years, 
Frederick Luther returned to the United States, of which he lias become a loyal 
iiaturaJized citizen. For some years he was engaged in butchering. He purchased the 
Colt's Neck hotel in 1898. In connection with it be owns seven acres of land upon 
which he raises vegetables enough to supply his table. 

Mr. Luther married Miss Jane Booth, daughter of Mrs. Margaret Booth, in 1896. 
He is a Knight of Pythias and a member of the Improved Order of Red Men. 



MILO H. CREGO. 



The career of Milo H. Crego. of Bclmar, Monmouth county, New Jersey, has been 
one of remarkable activity and usefulness, and l)y the consensus of opinion of liis fel- 
low citizens, he is known as one of the most honored and public-spirited men of that 
beautiful and flourishing village, and to his native ability, tact and zeal is due much 
of its high prestige. Mr. Crego is descended from Holland and English ancestry. 
His father. Stephen Crego, was a native of the state of New York, born in Mar- 
cellus, anc who died June i, 1873, in Cayuga county. He was a farmer by occupa- 
tion. In religion he was a Baptist, and in politics a Democrat, and he was a past 
master in the Masonic Order. He was twice married, the children by his first wife 
being: Evelyn, Ann E., Harriet and Esther; and the children by his second marriage 
were Laura, Milo H. and Hulda, the last named of whom died in infancy. 

Milo H. Crego, only son of Stephen Crego. was born March I, 1848, in Jordan. 
Onondago county. New York. Until he was twenty-two years of age he was engaged 
tipon a farm, and his eoucational opportunities were limited. Intent upon knowledge, 
however, he availed himself of such instruction and use of books as were avai'able, 
and afterward passed through Union Seminary, at Red Creek, Nev>r York, and the 
normal school at Albany, defraying all his expenses out of money saved from his 
earnings. He then learned the trade of a mason, and worked as a journeyman for 



38 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

three years. For two years afterward he managed a farm near Conquest, in Caytiga 
county, New York. In 1R71 he took up the occupation of a teacher, and entered upon 
a career for which he manifested pecuhar aptitude and in which his labors brought 
him constant employment and great credit. He first taught in the district school at 
Weedsport and afterward in other schools in the state of New York. In 1875 he re- 
moved to New Jersey and taught for two years in the Union district schools at Man- 
asquan. The following year he taught in the village of Usquan. He then removed to 
Bricksburg, where, in association with his wife, he conducted the Lakevvood School 
for two years, and during the ten years beginning in 1S81 he was principal of the 
schools at Manasquan, Ocean Beach and Belmar. He subsequently taught for one year 
at Red Bank, for two years at West Long Branch, and for one year at Oceanport. 

In 1886 Mr. Crego opened in Belmar an office for the conduct of business as a con- 
veyancer, insurance agent and notary public, and the w-ork which came to him in these 
lines became so extensive that he abandoned teaching altogether. From the moment 
of his coming he interested himself earnestly in advancing public interests, and his 
neighbors called him from time to time to varous positons in which he was enabled to 
render service to the community. He was three times elected justice of the peace, in 
1886, in i8gi and in 1896. and by successive re-elections he served as a member of the 
town council from 1890 to 1894. In his first term in the latter positibn he was the 
author of the borough re-incorporation act under which the municipal government was 
reconstructed, affording authority for various greatly needed public improvements. 
He was among the founders of the Belmar fire department, and is ex-secretary and 
foreman of Union Engine Company, No. i. He organized the local branch of the 
Republic Building & Loan Association of Newark, and has been its treasurer to the 
present time. 

Mr. Crego is one of the most active members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and for many years has served as a member of its board of trustees, and as its treas- 
urer. He was a charter member of the lodge of Red Men, and has been for several 
years its treasurer. He is a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity — a past 
master and the present treasurer of Ocean Lodge, No. 89. F. & A. M., and a companion 
in Goodwill Chapter, No.- 36, R. A. M. He is a past grand of United Lodge. No. 
199. I. O. O. F. In all these various relations, as teacher, business man, public official, 
citizen and neighbor. Mr. Crego has met every obligation of good citizenship, and he 
would well serve the community in which he makes iiis home as a pleasing duty owing 
to his fellows. .A.nd for this he finds reward in the honor in which he is held by those 
among whom he has lived so long. 

Mr. Crego was married in March. 1S76, to Miss Louisa Osborne, a daughter of 
John Osborne, of Manasquan. Her death occurred in February, 1879. In 1S87 he 
married Miss .Augusta Osborne, a sister of his deceased wife. 



CAPTAIN .\BNER H. WEST. 

The career of Captain Abner H. West has been one of the most useful as well 
as interesting of those who have lived along the Atlantic coast. He is a veteran 
life-saver, and late keeper of the Seabright Station. Captain West was born at 
North Long Branch, New Jersey, on October 24, 1842, son of James and Jane 
rWoolley) West. His grandfather, Benjamin West, was horn at Atlanticville. now 
known as North Long Branch, where he lived and died, following the vocations of 
farmer and fisherman. 

Captain .^bner H. West began to earn his own livelihood at the early age of 




J/in^j^ Sr h-^^L/-^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 39 

eleven years, when he engaged in the fishing business and continued in this employ- 
ment for thirty years. His education was necessarily limited, and was acquired in 
the subscription schools of his native town. In December, 1872, he entered the life 
saving sen-ice as a surfman ; early in the following year he was promoted to the 
position of keeper of the Seabright Station. The district over which he had juris- 
diction, formerly known as Xatmber Three, extends one and a half miles south, and 
two miles north from Seabright. Eight men were employed as assistants to Cap- 
tain West, who have rendered unlimited service in the saving of life and property 
along the coast. A resume of this service, which from lack of space cannot be 
given in all of its thrilling details, is as follows: September 19. 1875, Schooner 
"Mabel Thomas." seven saved, none lost. March 16, 1876. Schooner "P. A. Saunders." 
five on board, all rescued. December 24. 1876. Schooner "Philadelphia," eight aboard, 
all rescued. January 7, 1877, Trans-Atlantic Steamer "Amerique," two hundred and 
fifty-two aboard, all rescued with the exception of three, who were drowned owing 
to the capsizing of their own boat. February 3. 1880. Brig "Castalia," with eleven 
people aboard, all saved. April 30, i88i. Barque "Melchoir." seventeen aboard, all 
saved. September 22, 1881, Yacht "Gypsy." March 4. 1883. Barden pilot boat 
"Ariel Patterson" in collision with schooner, one drowned, six saved. September 
22, 1883, Yacht "Mollie Molley." September 23. 1883, rescued Elizabeth Brown, a 
child, from drowning, and resuscitated her. September 28. 1883, assisted Sloop 
"Elizabeth." November 2, 1883. assisted Steam Yacht '"Soltan." May 20, 18B5, 
Schooner "Charlotte Brown," fifteen on board, all saved. July 7, 1885. Barkentine 
"Anna." twelve aboard, all saved. November 19. 1885, assisted Yacht "Butler." June 
14, 1886, Schooner "Republic," six aboard, all saved. December 7, 1886, Schooner 
"John D. Lacy," derelict. December 14, 1887, John Applegate saved from ice break. 
September 11, 1889. assisted Schooner "Hiram B. Edwards" in sunken condition. 
January 13, 1891, rescued Charles Morris and Henry Lane from drowning. Octolier 
12, 1892, Schooner "Rebecca F. Lambdin," in distress, crew of eight all down with 
fever, — all saved. — vessel taken to quarantine. January 12. 1893. Pilot Boat No, 6, 
James G. Bennett and eight others aboard, who were saved. January 31. 1893, as- 
sisted steam tug "Edward .-Knnan," in distress. March 11. 1S03. Steamship "Wells 
City." with thirty-one on board, all rescued. March 11. 1894, Schooner "Kate 
Markel ;" the seven aboard were all lost by vessel breaking up too quickly to permit 
of use of life line. July 22. 1894. Schooner "Robert Mitchell" sunk, five on iKiard, 
all saved, being taken from the rigging. October 9. 1894. Schooner "Mary Lawson," 
eight aboard, all saved. January 25, 1896. Steamship "St. Paul." eight hundred on 
board, all saved. March 24. 1897, Schooner "Emily E. Johnson," six aboard, all 
saved. On February 7, 1880, Captain West received a letter from Mr. S. L Kimball, 
general superintendent of the United States life saving service, commendatory of 
the bravery and efficiency of the keepers of stations 2, 3, 4 and 5. for rescuing 
all persons from the wrecks of "Harding" light boat, the "E. C. Bahick," the "Au- 
gustina" and the "Castalia," the last named being that which was rescued by Cap- 
tain West's crew, No. 3. 

Captain West was the first to recommend the tally board printed in English 
and French, for communication between the shore and a wrecked vessel. He also 
recommended the use of the tail-block, now the most important part of the beach 
apparatus, and after many years he succeeded in procuring the adoption of a uni- 
form necessary to the identification of men in the life saving service. He also 
rided in many other ways in bringing the service to its present highly efficient con- 
dition. 

In accepting Captain West's resignation on May 4, 1899, Superintendent Kim- 



40 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

ball expressed the satisfaction of the department with the twenty-five years of 
creditable service rendered by Captain West. In reference to the rescue of the lives 
aboard the Schooner "Mitchell." Captain West justly prizes the following letter writ- 
ten by the Rev. J. Edward Young, ihen pastor of the Presbyterian church at Ocean 
Grove. 

'■My dear Capt. West: 

God bless you for your noble work last Sabbath afternoon ! You have a splen- 
did record. All interested in the service are proud of you and crew. 

With esteem. 

J. Edw.^rd Young. 

Aside from his energetic labors in the life saving service. Captain W'est has 
taken an active interest in the promotion of the industrial development and upbuild- 
ing of the town of Seabright, which was formerly known as Nauvoo, and in 1872 
was practically the property of fishertnen. In 1S81, in connection with other citizens, 
the New Y'ork and Lx)ng Branch Steamboat Line was established. He acted for a 
number of years as president of the Seabright Fishing Association, successor to 
the original Fishing Association of that place, which was known as the Nauvoo. 

Politically Captain West is affiliated with the Republican party, and in his relig- 
ious views he is a Presbyterian ; for some years both Captain and Mrs. West were 
actively interested in the Methodist Episcopal church, and it was princ'pally through 
their personal efforts that the site was secured and the edifice erected where the 
congregation of the First Methodist Episcopal church worship at Seabright. Cap- 
tain West acted as secretary for the board of stewards, and was class leader for 
ten years, while Mrs, West was the efficient teacher of the infant class for the same 
period of time. Captain West is one of the most prominent as well as popular citi- 
zens of Seabright, and enjoys the confidence and respect of his fellow men. He was 
one of the charter members of the Ocean Fire Company of Seabright. and a member 
of the United American Mechanics of Seabright. 

Captain West in early manhood married Miss Clementine Warner, daughter 
of Jacob Warner, of Pleasure Bay. New Jersey, and their four children are : Laura 
B., the wife of John F. Lane of Long Branch; Carroll B., who was married to 
Sadie D. Ferry, resides at Seabright, and is engagi>d in the fish busine-s; Fanny G., 
wife of William S. Jeffrey of Seabright; and Hetty R., wife of Henry L. Zobel, of 
Seabright. 



ASHLEY B. STOL'T. 



Ashley 13. Stout is the leading grocer of the beautiful and growing hamlet of 
Oakhurst. He was born at E.itonlown. New Jer-ey. in 1S50, and is descended from 
an oM historical family. His parents were \\'il]iam B. and Sarah J. (Brown") 
Stout, the former a native of Barnagat, New Jersey, born in 1817. He was an 
extensive contractor and builder and the pioneer in the work of constructing summer 
cottages on the New Jersey coast. Both lie and his wife are still living,- the latter 
having liccn born in 1834. They were the parents of four children: Solomon S., 
William L.. Orlean E. and A. 13. 

Ashley P.. Stout was reared in Iiis parents' home and educated in the common 
schools of Eatontown. In early life he was employed as a clerk in a grocery store, 
entering the service of Vincent Brown, at 0;ikhurst. New Jersey, in 1876. There 



HISTORY OF THE NEW^ JERSEY CO'AST. 41 



l:c roiiiaincd for four years, during which time lie became ihoroughly familiar witli 
liie business in every detail. During that time he also served as postmaster. In 
1880 he removed to Eatont'own, where he opened a grocery store, which he success- 
fully conducted until 1885. when he returned to Oakhurst and became the successor 
of his old employer, Vincent Brown, deceased. He carries a large and well selected 
stock of .staple and tancy groceries, and his moderate prices, earnest desire to 
please and honorable business methods have secire.-i to him a very liberal and con- 
s'anMy growing patronage. 

In 18-7 Mr. Stout was united in marriage to JMiss Edna B. Buckingham, a 
daughter of John and Sarah Buckingham. The only child of this marriage died in 
infancy. Mrs. .Stout is a native of New Milford, Connecticut. Her father. Mr. 
Buckingham, was an extensive stone cutter and his monuments all over the county 
attest his skill ind handiwork. Both Mr. ar.d Mrs. Stout are widely known and 
enjoy the warm regard of many friends. He is quite popular, was elected to the 
office of commissioner of deeds, and is now postmaster of Oakhurst. Socially he is 
connected with the Junior Order of United American Mechanics. 



RICH.ARD STEPHEN LEWIS. 

The gentleman whose name is above and who fills the honorable office of mayor 
of Jamesburg. Middlesex county. New Jersey, is of Welsh ancestry, but for more 
than a hundred years his progenitors have lived in London, England, where he was 
born December 24, 1833. a son of Stephen and Jane (Jeffrey) Lewis. Stephen Lewis, 
his grandfather, was born in London and spent his entire life there. He was engaged 
in the livery business and was a lessee of Grosvenor Mews. His children, all of 
whom are now dead, were named Stephen, George, Henry. Maria and Jane. Stephen 
Lewis, son of Stephen and Catharine Lewis, and father of Richard Stephen Lewis, 
was born in London about 180 1 and spent his entire life there, dying about the year 
1879. He was a fishmonger and poullryman. His children .were John, who lives 
in London; Richard Stephen, the immediate subject bf this sketch; Caroline, who 
became the wife of John Clark, and lives in London; Maria, who married Frank 
Dobson, a horse dealer, of London, England; Fannie, who became the wife of John 
Simpson. The mother of these children died in London about 1885. 

Richard Stephen Lewis w'as educated in the national schools of London and at 
the age of fourteen was indentured as an apprentice to the stonecutter's trade. After 
becoming a proficient workman, he was employed as journeynnan by Peter Cooper. 
Northwharf Road, Paddington. In 1850 he came to New York on the sship York- 
town, wh'ch consumed ten weeks and three days in making the voyage, and soon after 
he reached New York he obtained employment in connection with the construction 
of the New Jersey Southern Railroad. He made his advent in Jamesburg in 1861. and 
was employed in the sawmill of James Buckelcw until August, 1869. After that he 
learned the shirt cutting business and later became foreman at the shirt factory of 
of Finlay, Gourlay & Finch, until the failure of that firm. Later he was fore- 
man of the cutting department of the shirt factory of Coblenzer & Dazian, succes- 
sors to the concern ju.«t mentioned, until the destruction of the factory by fire. 
March 27, 1901 

Mr. Lewis was ma'-ried at Freehold. Nc\'- Jersey, in 1862. to Elizabeth Kelley, 
a daughter of Thomas and Esther (Harte) Kelley. and a native of county Kildarc. 
Ireland. Their son. Stephen T.. married .'\nnic Meagher and lives in New York 
City. Their son. John Henry, married Margaret Whelahan and lives in Camden. 



42 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

New Jersey. Their daughter, Mary Jane, is the wife of Martin Kelley, of Newark, 
New Jersey. Their son, Richard, married Rose Nolan, and is a merchant at 
Jamesburg. 

Mr. Lewis filled the office of township committeeman and was 'one of the 
members of the first borough commission, and was secretary of the same; he also 
was connnissioner of appeals, member oi the borough council, member of the board 
of education three times, and was elected mayor in igoi. He was one of the incor- 
porators and is an ex-trustee of St. James church. He is now in business in New 

York City. 

♦-•-• 

BENJAMIN V.-\NERVEER DU BOIS. 

Louis Du Bois was a French Huguenot refugee who emigrated to America in 
1660. The name Du Bois was used as an ancient family surname both in Artois 
and Normandy before William, the first king of England, left his native shore, and 
has remained unchanged to the present time. It is on record in Paris that the Du 
Bois family is one of the oldest of the noblest families of the bailiwick of Con- 
tention, in Normandy, and the record describes Geoffroi Du Bois as a knight under 
William the Conquerer, who accompanied the latter in the conquest of England m 
10£)6. The date of the birth of Christian Du Bois is not known. His son. Louis 
Du Bois, was born at Wicres. near Lillie. in northern France. October 27. 1626. 
He fled to Holland to escape religious persecution and was married to Catherin< 
Blanshan, October 10, 1655. There were born to theim two sons, whom they named 
Isaac and Jacob, .and after the birth of these two sons they emigrated to America 
and located at Helley, near Kingston, New York, whence they later removed to 
New Paltz, New York. Louis Du Bois had eight other children born to him after 
he came to America, increasing the number to ten. From some of his sons descended 
the Du Boises of Monmouth county. New Jersey. This is one of the oldest families 
in America and can boast of the production of some of the foremost men in all of 
the leading professions' on either side of the Atlantic. 

The Rev. Benjamin Du Bois, a native of Pittsgrove, Salem county. New Jersey, 
and a great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch in the paternal line, was born 
March 30, 1739, and became pastor of the Reformed church at Freehold, Monmouth 
county, about 1764. He was an outspoken patriot during the Revolutionary war and 
strongly commended the cause in his sermons. His wife was Phebe De Nice, a 
woman of rare intelligence, who died in 1839 at the age of ninety-six years. The 
Rev. Benjamin Du Bois was the son of the third Louis and the grandson of Jacob, 
who was an early offspring of the first Louis. The paternal grandfather of Ben- 
jamin Van Du Bois, of Coltsneck, Monmouth county, Niew Jersey, was Tunis D. 
Du Bois, who married Sarah Smock and had children named as follows : Henry, 
Benjamin, Sarah, John, Tunis V. and Livingston. Tunis D. Du Bois was a prac- 
tical and successful farmer and owned one hundred and seventy-five acres of land. 
Benjamin Du Bois, father of Benjamin Van Du Bois, was born in Marlboro town- 
ship, Monmouth county. May 10, 1810, and was married February i, 1832, to Miss 
Helena Wikoff. He was a successful farmer and a prominent and respected citi- 
zen, long a director of the Smithville and Freehold turnpike and was for several 
years a justice of the peace. 

Benjamin Vanerveer Du Bois, son of Benjamin and Helena (Wikoff) Du Bois, 
was born in Manalapan township, Monmouth county, New Jersey, September 9, 
1847, and received his early education and training on his father's old homestead, 






c 



, 1/ a^v-iy, 




HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 43 

and, following the example of many of his ancestors, has devoted his active years 
exclusively to farming, in which he has been unusually successful His farm of 
one hundred and seventy-five acres is one of the best in its vicinity, He is a mem- 
ber of the Reformed church of Freehold, New Jersey. In 1877 he married Miss 
Catharine Prine, daughter of Enoch and Mary Prine, and a native of Middlesex 
county. New Jersey, who was born October i, 1848. Mr. and Mrs. Du Bois have 
had children as follows: Mary H., born June 27, 1881 ; and Irene A., who was 
born May 18, 1885, and died January 4, 1887. 

Mr. Du Bois is one of those rare men who become known to their fellows as 
natural physicians. He can scarcely remember a time when he was not studying 
or speculating upon the causes and cures of some of the diseases to which flesh is 
heir, and from time to time he has effected remarkable cures. Without claiming 
any considerable knowledge of chemistry, with no medical books to guide him, 
with but a limited scholastic knowledge of botany, yet with a wonderful knowledge 
of roots and their effects on the human system, he goes out into the forests, to the 
very heart of nature, as it were, and procures remedies which are in every way 
effective and w-hich are commended by their simplicity and their absolute safety. 
He has made a special study of indigestion, a disease to which all mankind is sub- 
ject, but which is especially prevalent in America, and after much careful research 
and many conscientious trials has succeeded in compounding from simple products 
of the woods a remedy which, administered to people suffering from indigestion, 
produces effects no less wonderful than gratifying. Mr. Du Bois has scores of 
testimonials to the benefits which have been conferred upon suffering humanity 
by his discovery and contemplates the erection of a small laboratory on his farm, 
with a view to supplying a demand for his remedy, which is constantly growing, 
as its merits are told by one sufferer to another. 



ROBERT J. WYLIE. 

Among New Jersey's native sons who have attained to a creditable position in 
the business world and have at all times merited the confidence and respect of their 
fellow men by reason of their loyal adherence to commercial ethics, is Robert J. 
Wylie, of VVoodbridge, who is engaged in the real estate and insurance busin^'-s. 
Moreover he is serving as notary public, and for a quarter of a century he has 
filled the office of conuiiissioner of deeds — his long service standing in unmistaka- 
ble evidence of his fidelity to the trust reposed in him. 

Mr. Wylie was born in Paterson, this state, June 6, 1838, a son of John and 
Elizabeth (Johnson) Wylie. The parents removed with their family to New York 
City when he was a small boy, so that he was reared amid metropolitan intluences, 
continuing his residence in New York until the outbreak of the Civil war. Hardly 
had the roar from Fort Sumter's guns ceased to reverberate and the smoke chared 
away when he offered his services to the government, enlisting on the loth of .\pril, 
i8('i, in an independent battery company of the Eig'hth New Y"ork Regiment. He 
was then on active duty at the front until 186,^, when his company, with others, 
was detailed on special duty in New York. Later, however, he again went to the 
field and ;ook part in the battles of Fairfax, 'Vienna, Blacksford. Centerville; Big 
Bethel and others. Receiving an honorable discharge he returned to his home with 
a most creditable military record a; a loyal defender of his country jn the h^ur 
of her peril. 



44 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

After the close of hostilities Mr. Wylie came to Woortbridge, having previously 
married Miss Elizabeth Dally, of this place. Here he embarked in general merchan- 
dising and alro engaged in the clay business ; his wife owned some land, on which 
there were clay beds, and these he worked until 1876. Since that time much of his 
attention has been given to his official duties, for he is now serving his fifth term of 
five years each as commissioner of deeds. He is also a notary public and is engaged 
in the real estate and insurance business, in which he is meeting with giX)d success, 
having conducted some important realty transactions. Formerly a Democrat, he is 
now a Republican in his political views, warmly espousing the principles of the party, 
but always refusing other ofiices aside from those mentioned. At one time, while 
living in New York City he was superintendent of street cleaning for the borough 
and was succeeded by Mr. Waring, who still holds the office. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Wylie have been born five children : Samuel F., who is 
superintendent of the Fisher Brick Works, at Sayerville; Charles, a pharmacist, of 
Xew York City: Marv E., Sarah and Esther, all at home. The Wospitality of the 
Wylie residence in W'oodbridge has many admirers, and the friends of the family 
delight to share in the good cheer of the home. Socially Mr. Wylie is identified 
with William C. Berry Post, G. A. R., of Woodbridge, and was one of the founders 
and is an exemplary member of American Lodge, F. & A. M., of which he served 
as master from 1870 until iS",?. His public-spirited interest in the welfare of the 
city is manifest in the hearty co-operation which he gives to many movements for the 
general good and to all his duties of citizenship he is as loyal as when in coat of 
blue lie followed the nation's starry banner over southern batllcfields. 



WILLIAM THOMAS VAN DYKE. 

Vv'illiam T. Van Dyke, a descendant of an old Dutch family, was born at 
Long Branch, Monmouth county. New Jersey, August 26, 1839, a son of Vincent W. 
and Hannah (Wells) Van Dyke. 

Vincent W. Van Dyke pursued the occupations of farmer and fisherman through- 
out his life. He was an old-line Whig in politics. He was a zealous member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and meetings for the praise and worship of God 
were held at his residence. He married Hannah Wells, and the following children 
were born of the union: Michael. Saul. Henry. Isaac. William T., and Hannah, 
wife of William H. Denise. Mr, \'an Dyke met with a very sudden death : while 
attempting to cross the railroad tracks at Long Branch one Sunday morning he 
was instantly killed by a passing train. His widow passed out of life two j-ears 
later in the same city. ' 

William T. Van Dyke, son of the parents before named, was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Long Branch. Subsequently he assisted his father in the occupation of 
fishing. Later on he engaged in the fishing business on his own account, and he 
now conducts a very large wholesale and retail trade, packing and shipping salt 
water fish to such leading points as New York. Philadelphia and Baltimore, which, 
together with an extensive local trade, constitutes his successful business. By per- 
sistent application to his business, and by his irreproachable conduct in all his trans- 
actions, he has won for himself the confidence and esteem of all his customers, not 
only in the town in which he resides but through all the channels of his trade. 

Mr. Van Dyke is a firm and stanch Democrat, but has never aspired to public 
position. He is a true Christian gentleman and follows the teachings he received 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 45 

in his father's home; he is associated with tlie Methodist Episcopal church of Long 
Branch. 

Mr. Van Dyke was married to Henrietta Irehuid. daughter of John Ireland, 
of Long Branch. To them have been born eight children : George, bookkeeper for 
his father ; Edwin F., hotel keeper. Long Branch ; William E. ; Charles A. ; Vin- 
cent W., also associated with his father in business; Flavel Quinn ; Mary C., wife of 
Lester Houk, of Long Branch; and Hannah L., wife of Edward Bunnell, of Long 
Branch. 

♦-•-♦ 

AARON MORRIS. 

Aaroii Morris is engaged in the produce commission bus;ne^s in New York 
City and also owns a beautiful home in Holmdel, consisting of about thirty-five acres of 
land, all under a fine state of cultivation and devoted to the raising of fruit and gar- 
den vegetables. He was born in Middletown township, on the 6th of May, 1843, a 
son of George and Frances (Camp) Morris. The father was also a native of Mon- 
mouth county and was descended from some of the oldest settlers of the state, and 
many members of the family have become prominent in the affairs of the state and 
nation. He was a prominent and successful farmer by occupation. The mother of 
our subject was a native of Sacket's Harbor, New Vork. Unto this worthy 
couple were born eleven children, five sons and six daughters, nine of whom are 
still living. 

Aaron Morris, the subject of this review, enjoyed the educational advantages 
afforded by the public schools of the community, and from early youth imtil his 
twenty-fiflh year was engaged in agricultural pursuits. He then embarked in the 
produce commission trade in New York City, in which he has since continued, and 
at the same time he has also continued his farming interests. On the 31st of De- 
cember, 1863, he was united in marriage with Mary E. Van Brakle, who was born 
in 1846, a daughter of Mathias and Amelia (Carhart) Van Brakle, Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, both descended from Holland Dutch families, who came to America 
early in the seventeenth century. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Morris have been born four 
children, as follows: Frances Amelia, born December 18, 1866, is the wife of Dr. 
William H. Van Gieson, of Bloomfield, New Jersey; Minnie, born October 2, 1869. 
died July 22, 1873 ; William A., born December 13, 1878, attended Hoboken Seminary 
and the New York Dental College, and is now engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion in Brooklyn, New York ; and Eleanor May, born January 25, 1886, is still with 
her parents. Mr. Morns is identified with the Republican party, but takes no active 
interest in political affairs, although he keeps hniself well informed on state and 
national questions. The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church at 
Keyport. 



ASBURY F. NIVISON. 



Asbury F. Nivison, a leading merchant and justice of the peace of Morganville, 
was born in Marlborough township, Monmouth county, on the 9th of May, 1842, a son 
of Adam P. and Mary (Croven) Nivison. The father, also a native of Marlborough 
township, was a carpenter and builder by occupation, and was highly respected in 
the community in which he resided. The grandiather of our subject, Captain David 
O. Nivison, was a brave and gallant soldier and officer in the war of 1812, while the 



46 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

father and two brothers. Harris and David, were soldiers of the Union cause durin.? 
the Civil wai. The family are of English descent, and in an early day they were 
prominent supporters of the Whig party, later allying their interests with the Re- 
publican party. They have ever been great readers, have kept themselves well 
informed on the affairs of the day and have been prominent and representative citi- 
zens of their localities. 

Asbury F. Niviscn, the immediate subject of this review, was reared to the 
carpenter's trade, which he has followed for many years, and in addition thereto 
he has also entered the mercantile field. In tlie ranks of the Republican party he 
lakes an active and commendable interest, and for the past nine years he has held 
the office of justice of the peace. The cause of Christianity also finds in hiin an 
active worker, and for many years he has served as a local minister in the Methodist 
Episcopal church. He is a thorough student, a deep thinker and reasoner, and 
m all his relations with his fellow men he has been found true to duty and the right. 

On the 8th of September, 1867, Mr. Nivison was united in marriage with Mary 
C. Lamberson, who was born August 20, 1849, a daughter of John and Mary 
(Combs) Lamberson, both natives of Marlborough township and descendants of some 
of the earliest settlers of the locality. Two brothers of Mrs. Nivison were soldiers 
in the Civil war, Lewis and John Croven, and the latter lost his life by a sun 
stroke at the battle of Gettysburg. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Nivison has been 
blessed with two children — Walter r. and Nellie May. The daughter was born on 
the 20th of Februarj', 1887. Walter P., who was born on the 7th of August, 1868, 
was educated in the common schools of his locality and in the public fechool at 
Freehold, later entering Glen wood Institute, at Matawan. In early life he was 
tngaged in business with his father, but for the past fifteen years he has followed the 
profession of teaching, nine years of that time having been spent in the school at 
MorganviUe. Politically he is identified with the Republican party, being an active 
worker in its ranks, and for several years he has served as township assessor. On 
the 24th of December, 1890, he was united in marriage with Miss Sarah Frazer, 
who was born April 6, 1870, a daughter of George M. and Virginia (Conover) Frazer. 
Three children 'have been born unto this union — Harry F., Edna V. and Hazee M. 

Mr. Nivison, of this review, has ever been an active worker for the cause of ed- 
ucation, doing all .in his power to promote its growth and development, and for 
several years he has been a member of the board of education. He is a good busi- 
ness man and has gained for himself a handsome competence, which places him among 
the substantial residents of the conmiunity. 



WILLIAM VAN MATER. 

It will be hard^ to find a more interesting genealogical and biographical sketch 
than that which follows, representing primarily William Van Mater, a prominent 
farmer of Raritan township, near Keyport, Monmouth county. New Jersey, and 
more remotely the old New Jersey families of Van Mater and Taylor. 

William Van Mater was born on the farm on which he now lives February 17, 
1840, a son c^f Gilbert and Sarah (Taylor) Van Mater. His father was born in 
Holmdel township, July 10, 1802, and died on his farm there September 6, 1881. 
His mother was born in Middletown, October, 1807, and died on the Van Mater 
farm in Raritan township, August 17, 1896. Gilbert Van Mater descended from 
those Van Maters who came from Holland, soon after the year sixteen hundred, 





oMaI" 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 47 

whose representatives in later generations have been well known in national and 
state affairs, and prominent as founders of churches and schools. He was a son 
of William and Mary (Hendrickson) Van Mater, of Atlantic township, Monmouth 
county, and was a successful farmer and bttsiness man, prominent as a Baptist and 
as a Republican. One of his ancestors risked his life as a spy attached to Wash- 
ington's army during the Revolutionary war. The family originally owned a large 
tract of land in Monmouth county and many of its representatives were men of 
influence and many of them are buried in the old cemetery on the farm of William 
Jones, in Holmdel township. 

Mr. Van Mater has a complete account of his mother's ancestors, from which 
the following interesting statement has been compiled: Joseph Taylor. Esq.. Mrs. Van 
Mater's grandfatlier. was seventh in descent from that Edward Taylor who emigrated 
from London, England, and settled at Garrett Hill, in Middletown, in 1692. That Ed- 
ward Taylor was descended in direct line from the Norman Baron Taillefer, who 
accompanied William the Conqueror and assisted him in the invasion and conquest 
of England in 1066 and acquired large landed estates in Kent, where the family 
originally lived in England. The spelling of the name was gradually changed. In 
the time of Henry III, about the year 1250, we find Hanger Taylefer, and about 
one hundred years later, in the time of Edward III, John Taylor living on the same 
land in Kent, and from the latter the succession is perfectly traced through William, 
John, William, John, John, John, MJathew and John to Edward, the emigrant. 
About the time of Richard III, John Taylor married the heiress and acquired the 
estates and arms -of the De Fairsteds, and about the year 1600 Mathew Taylor by 
marriage with the heiress of Richard Freeland acquired the estates and arms of 
that family. Mathew Taylor, grandson of the Mathew Taylor just mentioned, 
came to America with the intention of speculating in lands in New Jersey under 
the patronage of Sir George Carteret, one of the proprietors of East Jersey, with 
whom he was distantly connected by marriage. He died in New York in 1687 with- 
out issue and bequeathed his lands to his brother, Edward Taylor, then living in 
London; the latter purchased an additional tract of one thousand acres at Garrett 
Hill and in 1692 came over and settled on it. He died in 1710, leaving the follow- 
ing children: George (the ancestor of the subject of this sketch), William, Edward 
and Hannah. George Taylor inherited the old home at Garrett Hill. He had three 
sons, George. Edward and John. His son Edw-ard was the great grandfather of 
William Van Mater's mother, and the next in succession was John, who married 
Mary, a daughter of Samuel Holmes, who bore him eight children. Their oldest 
son, Joseph, who was Mr. Van ISIater's grandfather, married Martha Dorrsett. 
They had thirteen children, all of whom grew to manhood and womanhood. One 
of them was Sarah, mother of Mr. Van Mater. For many years Joseph Taylor 
lived at the foot of Rutmar's Hill, where he died in 1836 and -where his wife died 
in 1856. From the original ancestor, Edward, descended many men of national dis- 
tinction, among them Bayard Taylor, the celebrated author and traveler. 

William Van Mater was educated in the common schools and early acquired a 
practical knowledge of farming. He succeeded admirably in his chosen calling, 
especially as a producer of fruits and garden vegetables. He was married Decem- 
ber 13, 1876. to Margaret .\. Wallace, who was Iwrn in Raritan tow^nsliip. July 6, 
1851, a daughter of William and Mary E. (Cottrell) Wallace, both members of 
old families of prominence. Her father was a tinsmith and plumber. Mr. and Mrs. 
Van Mater have one son, Gilbert A'an Mater, born February 18, 1881, who, after 
having been duly graduated from the school at Keyport, took the commercial course 
at Coleman's National Business College. Newark. New Jersey. The family are 



48 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

atteiulants uf the Baptist church at Keyport. Mr. Van Mater is a Repuljhcaii and 
for twenty years has held the office of school trustee, and has demonstrated in other 
ways that he is a man of much public spirit, who may be safely depended upon to 
aid, to the extent of his ability, all measures which in his good judgment promise 
to benefit his fellow citizens. 

♦-«-♦ 

J.^MES McCOLGAN. 

Among the flourishing lines of industry in Monmouth county. New Jersey, 
the nursery business occupies a prominent and leading position, and engages the 
attention of a number of iiitflligent and progressive citizens. The Bay View nur- 
sery, which is located near Atlantic Highlands was established in 1893 by Mr. James 
McColgan, who is the subject of this biography. The birth of Mr. McColgan w;is 
at Hightstown. New Jersey, in 1859, and he is a son of John and Isabella (Donnell) 
McColgan. He was reared and acquired his education in his native place. For a 
number of years he was connected with the Elizabeth Nursery Company, as his 
choice of employment was connected with horticultural pursuits. He is still secretary 
of this company and holds valuable stock in it : but when he saw a favorable oppor- 
tunity for establishing a business of his own, he located a nursery at Atlantic High- 
lands. The beautiful farm consists of one hundred acres, and all of it is devoted 
exclusively to a general but choice line of nursery stock. This property was 
formerly owned by William V. Conover, of Red Bank. 

Mr. McColgan was married April 13, 1886, to Miss Emma, a daughter of George 
and Elizabeth Pope, residents of Little Silver, although Mrs. McColgan was not 
born there. To this union three children have been born, namely : Milton L., Olive 
and Bertram, the latter now deceased. The religious connection of the family is 
with the Methodist Episcopal church, in which our subject is steward, while socially 
he is connected with the Foresters. 

Mr. McColgan is a practical horticulturist and has spent much time and means 
in the construction of his large nursery and in the building up of a business which 
now covers a large extent of country, the excellence and sturdincss of his stock 
bringing hmi orders wherever a first sale is made. His judgment is so good that no 
spurious is ever introduced, and by experiment he continually is developing new an.l 
superior qualities in the old standards. His integrity as a man of business is well 
known and he is one of .the representative citizens of the county. 



JAMES M. VAN BRAKLE. 

Mathias Van Brakle. a Hollander, came to America in 1709 and bought about 
one thousand acres of land from a man named Bowne, who had purchased it of 
Indians. This tract has since been divided into several farms and two hundred 
acres of it have been owned in the Van Brakle family to the present time. .\ de- 
scendant of Mathias Van Brakle, a pioneer, was another Mathias Van Brakle, grand- 
father of James M. Van Brakle, of Holmdel township, Monmouth county, New- 
Jersey, who was born on the farm now the property of his grandson. The second 
Mathias Van Brakle married Eleanor Vanderbilt, also of Dutch ancestry and of 
the same family as the Vanderbilts of Staten Island and of New York City. 
Eleanor (Vanderbilt) Van Brakle bore her husband two sons and eight daughters. 




yr^,:i2--i-^t^.£^ _y^ y^^^Ce^ /^-T^j*.-^*^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 49 

One of her sons was Stcplien M. \'an Brak'e, who married Johanna Bcdlc, a cousin 
of the father of the late Governor Bedle. Stephen M. -and Johanna (Bedle) Van 
Brakle, who are the parents of the subject of this sketch, were zealous and active 
members of the Baptist church and aided- very materially in building the first 
house of worship of that denomination at Jacksonville. 

The four sons and three daughters of Stephen M. and Johanna (Bedle) Van 
Brakle were nil living in igoi. Their son, James M. Van Brakle, was born De- 
cember 20, 1S33, on the farm on which he now lives. He was educated in the 
common schools and was early initiated into the mysteries of successful farming, 
to which he has devoted himself profitably during all his active years. Partly by 
purchase and partly by inheritance he acquired title to his present farm, which until 
he did so had never been sold since it had been purchased by his remote ancestor 
in 1709, but had been passed down from father to eldest son through many suc- 
cessive generations. He was married December 20, 1855, to Pamela E. Brown, 
who was born August 27, 1832, a daughter of William and Pamela (LefTerts) 
Brown, natives of Monmouth county. Mrs. Van Brakle's ancestors in the paternal 
line were of English extraction and in the maternal line they were Dutch. She 
has borne her husband five children. Their son James W. married Emeline Sickles; 
they have children as follows: Fanny, Leon (deceased), Percy, Claude and Lila. 
Their daughter Emma married Theodore Thorn, a farmer ; their children are Lida, 
Van B., Garrett P., Anna E.. Lena K., Ella S., Carrie M. and James M. Their 
son William B., who is a farmer, married Ada Simmons; their children are James 
M. and Sarah S. Their son Stephen M., who is a commission merchant in New 
York, married Mary Chevalier. Their son Leffertt B., a farmer, married Lillian 
Hankins, of Monmouth county. 

Mr. 'V^^n Brakle is a man of inlluence in his vicinity and his word is considered 
as good as his bond. He and all the members of his family are identified with 
the Baptist church, and in politics he is a Republican. His great-grandfather. Van 
Brakle, served the Colonies as a soldier during the entire period of the Revolutionary 
war and all of his ancestors of that time were loval to the American cause. 



DANIEL VAIL. 



Daniel Vail, a prominent manufacturer of fish oil at Port Monmouth, was born 
at Riverhcad, Long Isiand. where he was also reared. He received an excellent 
education in the high school of his native place, but he has added greatly to his 
knowledge received therein by constant reading, study and observation. From his 
infancy he showed a decided tendency toward mechanics, and may truly be termed 
a natural born mechanic, being perfectly at home in the working of both wood and 
iron. Samples of his work were placed on exhibition at the Centennial Exposition in 
Philadelphia in 1876. In 1880 he entered into partnership relations with Abner 
Osborn, of New York, in the manufacture of fish oil, but by mutual consent this 
relationship was dissolved two years later, Mr. V^ail selling his interest to his part- 
ner for fifteen thousand dollars; and in that \car, X882. he removed from his native 
island to Port Monmouth, where he began the manufacture of oil on a large scale. 
At the end of three years, however, on account of the depression in business and other 
causes, he was obliged to discontinue the business, after which the plant was oper- 
ated under the name of the Monmouth Oil and Guano Company. Subsequently the 
fishermen of »he coast took charge of its operation for one year, which relieved Mr. 
4 



50 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

Vail of all obligation on his pail toward those gentlemen. In iSS8 Mr. Jonathan 
Nowcll itook charge of the plant in Mr. \'air5 interest, and Mr. \'ail then removed 
to his former heme on Long Island, where his mechanical skill again brought him 
into prominence until 1898, in which year he came a second time to Port Monmouth. 
He is now operating the old plant in the interest of his son, Vernon S.. under tiie 
firm name of Daniel Nail's Son. 

The marriage of our subject occurred in 1867, Miss Ada E. Smith becoming his 
wife. She is 3 native- of Long Island. Two children have been born unto this union 
— Hannah C, now Mr.... Howell, of South Hampton, and she has one son, Eric, aged 
eleven years ; and V'ernon S., who was for nine years connected with the Hanover 
National Bank of New York City and is now devoting his t'lne to his oil manu- 
facturing business at Port Monmouth. Throughout his entire life Mr. Vail has 
been a student, keeps "limself well informed on the issues and questions of the day, 
and at all times gives his aid and co-operation to all movements which are intended 
for the public good. 



JOHN H. VAX NEST. 



Amorg the prominent dairymen of that section of New Jersey in which Eaton- 
town is situated, the name of John H. \'an Nest is conspicuous. He leases and works 
a farm of sevanty-five acres located about one mile from Eatontown, where he pro- 
duces the highest grade of dairj- articles. His stock he selects for their milk- 
producing qualities. The trade demand upon him is so great, that besides the yield 
from his own stock he controls the output of milk from three other farms, which 
average daily two hundred and fifty quarts. 

John H. IS the son of Asher and Eleanor (Hunt) \'an Xest. having been born 
to them at Freehold, ^lonmoutn county. New Jersey, on ^Larch l.^. 1858. His father 
died in July, 1866. He was reared and educated at Coltsneck and has been a fol- 
lower of agricultural pursuits all his life. In 18S6 he engaged ii this, his chosen 
occupation, on his own responsibility, and has since been eminently successful. He 
located 01. his present farm in 1895. where bis business has gn^atly increased. He 
possesses an enviable character among his friends and. neighbors, who respect him 
for his slraigiitforward and upright dealings, and who look up to him as a man 
of sound and conservative judgment. 

His m.arriage to Mary, daughter of Peter W. and Jane .\pplcgate. of Cranbury 
Station, was solemnized on November 14, 1883. They have had two children, George 
H. and Mary L.. born, respectively. April 24. 1887, and May 7, 1896. 

The Applegates. of which family Mrs. Van Nest is a descendant, were early 
settlers of New Jersey, locating in the section now known as Cranbury Station. 
They are an eminently worthy and respectable Tamily. well thought of and looked 
up to in the community. 

Mr. and Mrs. V^an Nest are both members of the Metliodist Episcopal church. 
He is a highly esteemed member of Jr. O. V. A. M. 



EMIL WTLHELM. 



Emil Wilhelm is a well known representative of the industrial interests of 
Carteret, where he is occupying the rcsponsiide position of foreman tor the Knapp- 
mann VVhiling Company. He is a native of Germany, his birtli having occurred in 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 51 

Stakstat, on the utl'. oi "October, 1865. There he acquired his education and spent 
the days of his childhood, learning the florist's trade, after putting aside his text- 
books. When eighteen years of age he resolved to try his fortune in .America, 
having received very favorable reports of the advantages and opportunities here ex- 
t\.nded 10 men of determination. .-Xccordingly, in iS8,^ he sailed for the new world 
and began the task of earning 1 living in the land where ambition and earnest effort 
are not hampered by caste or class. He was first engaged in painting barns in Wood- 
haven, Long Island, and subsequently he secured employment m a tm lactory at 
Hunters Point, Long Island, owned by the Standard Oil Company. Then he was 
engaged for si.x years on the construction of docks, and on the e.xpiration of that" 
period he entered the works of the Knappmann W'hiling Company, at Carteret, 
New Jersey, where he gained promotion through ability and diligence and novv- occu- 
pies the responsiDle position of foreman. He has the entire confidence of the com- 
pany and the respect of those who serve under hun. 

On the 2d of May, 1885, Mr. Wilhelm was united in marriage to Misi Minnie 
Haffner, and unto them have been born six children: Josie, Michael, Frank, Eva, 
John and Anna. He and his family are communicants of St. Joseph's Catholic churcii, 
at Carterec, and in his political views he is independent. He has never aspired to 
ofiice, preferring to devote his entire time and attention to his business cares. The 
success he has achieved is entirely due to his own efforts and he may justly be called a 
self-made man. 



JOHX EV.VXS. 



In the death of John Evans, December 8, 1873, Milltown and Middlesex county 
lost one of the prominent and highly respected citizens. .\s the day with its morn- 
ing of hope and promise, its noontide of activity, its evening of coinpleted and suc- 
cessful efforts, so was the life of this honored man. His career was a busy and use- 
ful one, but although he was earnest and active in business he never allowed the 
pursuit of wealth to warp his kindly nature. 

Mr. Evans was 'x)rn in Wales, March 15. 1825. and when a young lad came with 
his parents to America, the family settling at Belleville. New Jersey, where he 
remamed until nineteen years of age. About 1844 the family came to Milltown, 
and when the present rubber manufactory was established he became an employe 
in the concern which was then conducted under the name of the Meyer Rubber Com- 
pany. It is now the Milltown India Rubber Company and Mr. Evans' son is now 
its president. The father became superintendent of the establishment and retained 
that position up to the time of his death. His close attention to all the details of 
manufacture, of which lie had an extensive and accurate knowledge, contributed 
much to the success of the enterprise. For twenty years he acted as superintendent 
and during that period he gave to the rubber industries of this country inventions 
and much improved machinery, which have Ikcu universally adpoted for their orna- 
mental and labor-saving values. 

In 1852 Mr. Evans was united in marriage to Miss Mary .Augusta Vanderbilt. 
daughter of Cornelius and Rosanna Elizabeth (Tunison) Vanderbilt, of Mill-.own. 
New Jersey, a most estimable lady who shared with him in all his church work and 
thereby materially advanced its influence. Their living children are Rosa L. (Mrs. H. 
Brewster Willis). John C. Sadie E. (widow of Clirkson P. Stelle. deceased). Alfred 
D., Margaretta M. and May V. A friend, in writing of Mr. Evans' church work, said: 
■'He became a member of the Methodist Episcopal church at New Brunswick, in 
1845, and soon afterward he became a member of a class, which was formed in 



52 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

this community, and llie class remained in connection with flie Liberty street church 
until a church was organized in this place in 1851. At the organization of the church 
'here he was chosen a member of the board of trustees, and upon the establishment 
of the church was chosen a steward, which office he filled with honor and fidelity. 
When the interests of the church in this place called imperatively for a new building 
to meet the enlarged wants of the society, he was an active promoter and laborer 
for that purpose. When the new^ church was in course of building, he was stricken 
with disease and was unable to further attend to the completion of the church edifice, 
but his ideas and wishes were remembered and the church was completed as he 
would have wished. He was a kind and affectionate husband and father; and looked 
well after the interests of his family; a faithful member of the church of Christ and 
an honorable and respected citizen." 

In writing of the death of l^Ir. Evans, the Milltown Herald said: "He most lives 
who thinks most, feels the noblest, and acts the best, for the life of such a man 
speaketh though he be dead. The two great conflicting interests in the world are 
sm and wickedness, truth and holiness, and every life is an influence siding directly 
or indirectly, with one or the other of these interests. Neutrality in view of the 
conflict is impossible. It is therefore not only proper but helpful to succeeding gen- 
erations to keep fresh in the public mind the names of those persons, who by con- 
sistent, progressive and successful living, have left a permanent impress upon the 
community in which they lived for truth and holiness. The life of Mr. Evans stood 
out prominently for God, home and industrial prosperity. Notwithstanding his life 
was only a little more than two score years, yet his devotion to God and His cause, 
his consistent life, his wise council, his superior business capacity, and his great in- 
ventive genius enabled him to accomplish more for the betterment of the worM during 
this brief career than many who have been allotted three score years and ten. He 
maintained an attractive and most hospitable home, where his many friends were 
always welcome, particularly the clergy. He was an earnest advocate of education 
and fully abreast with the spirit of the times. He was an earnest, God-fearing, 
capable man, who desired to do good in his brief day and generation. The home, 
the church and the iiTdustry he left in our midst are silent witnesses, testifying day 
by day to a successful life in behalf of truth, holiness and industrial development. 
May the reading of such a life be an incentive to good works. 

■'Our lives are slbiims written through 
With good or ill, with false or true ; 
And as the blessed angels turn 
The pages of our years, 

Gc'd grant they read the good with smiles 
.•\nd blot the ill with tears." ' 



VICTOR DEAN KENNEY. 

The name Kenney has been perpetuated in that locality of Hunterdon county,- 
in the state of New Jersey, known as Kenney's Mills. There Victor Dean Kenney, 
of Holmdel, Monmouth county. New Jersey, was born April 13, 1863, and is a son 
of Andrew P. and Elizabeth B. (Dean) Kcnncy, the former a native of Hunter- 
don county and the latter of Warren county. New Jersey. Michael Kenney, the 
great-great-grandfather of Victor Dean Kenney, came from Holland about the year 



HISTORY OF THE XE\\" JERSEY COAST. 53 

1700 with his two brotlicrs and settled in the northwcslern part of New Jersey, 
wliere he bought several thousand acres of land and engaged extensively in farming, 
milling, distilling and lumbering. This property in time descended to his sons, 
one of whom was Andrew Kenney, the great-grandfather of Victor Dean Kenney, 
who devoted himself to the pursuits of his father during his active years. Andrew's 
son, Peter, was also active and successful as a business man. He had several sons 
and daughters, and Andrew, one of his sons, was the father of the immediate sub- 
ject of this sketch. The three Kenney brothers were all men of prominence in their 
time, and it is on record that they were foremost among the organizers of the Dutch 
Refonned church of Reddington. Hunterdon county, and they were among the 
moving spirits in the same county. 

Andrew- Kenney was the fourth in line of descent of the Kenneys who owned 
the old Kenney homestead. He was born November 24, 1827. and died April 10, 
1901. He was a zealous supporter of the church of his forefathers and served for 
many years in the office of elder. In politics he was an old-school Democrat, and 
his activity in public affairs was such that he held many important local offices. 

His son, Victor Dean Kenney, was educated in the village school near his 
father's home, and completed his studies by a course in the Kanauss Business Col- 
lege, of Easton. Pennsylvania. After being associated for a short time with his 
father in business he went to Holmdel, where he was engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits for five years. For three years he was employed in a responsible position in 
a wholesale dry goods house of New York City, and for seven years thereafter 
was with the great retail dry goods house of Lord & Taylor of that city. 

On 'the 20th of June, 1895, Mr. Kenney married Miss Lydia Anna Longstreet, 
who was born at Holmdel, May 3, 1855. a daughter of Joseph Holmes Longstreet, 
who was born August 11, 1816, and died May 18. 1856. His wife. Hulda Holmes 
Longstreet, was born February 23. 1815. and died September 28, 1889. Mr. "Long- 
street was a successful farmer and in his early manhood bought the four-hundred- 
acre farm at Holmdel known as the Academy farm. He was a brother of Aaron 
and Mary A. Longstreet. who are represented in a biographical sketch in this work. 
Mrs. Kenney's mother was a daughter of ex-Sheriff Daniel Holmes, who is also 
represented on another page of this work. She and her sister, Mrs. J. S. Holmes, 
inherited their father's old homestead, comprising one of the finest farms and one 
of the best houses in the county. Mr. Kenney's mother was of English ancestry and 
representatives of her family settled early in New Jersey. She was born July 28, 
1832, and died March 8, 1882. Mr. and Mrs. Victor D. Kenney are active members 
of the Baptist church. Mr. Kenney is a Republican, but has never been an office 
seeker, or, in the ordinary sense of the term, a political worker. 



JOSEPH W. SA\-AGE. 



Joseph W. Savage, who is engaged in the real estate an<l insurance business 
at Carteret, is numbered among Nckv Jersey's native sons, his birth having occurred 
in Jersey City, on the 30th of June. 1851. He is the son of the Hon. George W. 
Savage, a distinguished statesman, who was born at West Point, New York, and dur- 
ing the administration of President Cleveland served first as consul to Belfast, Ire- 
■and, and afterw.rd to Dundee, Scotland, his death occurring in the latter place. 
His understanding of the relations of the countries to each other, of the duties at- 
tached to the consulate and his diplomacy in handling foreign affairs made him 



54 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

a most able representative of this nation in foreign courts. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Mary E. Shaffer, »va5 born in Savannah, Georgia, was married in 
1848. and in 1855 was called to her final rest. 

In the public schools Joseph \V. Savage pursued his education and after putting 
aside his text-books turned his attention to the insurance business, establishing an 
agency in New York City. In 1886 he came to Carteret, where he is now engaged 
in real estate dealing, having conducted many important real estate transfers while 
on the value of property in this locality no man is better informed. He is also 
representing a number of fire, life and accident insurance companies, and writes con- 
siderable business in that line each year, thus materially increasing his income. 
He is also agent for the Canada Manufacturing Company of Canada, New Jersey, 
and carefully conducts each branch of his business, so as to make it produce the 
best results. 

In 1870 occurred the marriage of Mr. Savage and Miss Adelia Cooper, a daugh- 
ter of William Cooper, of Covington, Kentucky, and their children are Sue, Anna 
Josephine and Eugenia L. Socially Mr. Savage is identified with the Royal Arcanum 
and is a member of American Lodge of Masons, of Woodbridge ; in his political view's 
he is a Democrat. He has been school trustee of Woodbridge township, Middle- 
sex county, and as a citizen is progressive and deeply interested in everything per- 
taining to the welfare of his adopted city. 



LUTHER GREEN. 



Luther Green, now a veteran of the Civii war, was born on a farm in upper 
Freehold, Monmouth county, New Jersey, March 8, 1840, the son nf Hugh Green. 
His father, born in 179?. and pursuing an agricultural life in the township of Free- 
hold, became an invalid when Luther Green was about two years of age and for 
ten years the property was gradually consumed to defray the family expenses; it 
then became necessary to make some provision to take care of the family of children, 
Luther, at an early age, was adopted by Joseph C. Conover and at twelve years of age 
was apprenticed to learn the milling trade. For sixteen years he worked in the old 
Marlborough grist mill for Mr. Conover. In those days Luther Green, as a lad and later 
a young man, was a familiar figure to the citizens of the surrounding country, either 
helping to unload their "grists" or sitting upon a mill stone with chisel and mallet 
at his work. 

Overpowered by the war spirit in 1861, young Green left his employer and en- 
listed at New York in the Fourteenth Maryland Regiment. It was discharged in three 
months and he then enlisted in the First Maine Artillery. An effort was then made 
to transfer the.-e men against their will to other regiments in the army service. The 
attempt failed and the men were discharged. Mr. Green returned to Marlborough and 
resumed his former position in the old Marlborough mill. 

On November 12, 1865, Mr. Green was married to Amy C. Crawford, of Free- 
hold. They have had children as follows: Eva died in infancy: Ellanora, who married 
George W. Reynolds ; Edgar, deceased : Eva, who married Stephen Girrettson : Addie, 
who married B. Pierce: John L. ; Laura, who married William Storey: .^nrv G., who 
married Elmer Dey : Francis F., and Kate L. Mrs. Green's fa'her. James C. Crawford, 
was a veteran of the Civil war. Mrs. Green is a member of the Dutch Reformed 
church of Freehold. Mr. Green has been a member of the Knights of Golden Eagle 
for many years, having p'assed the chairs and been a noble chief of the lodge, and a 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 5 5 

member of the suprciiie lodge. Since 1898 he has been a mcinber of Capt. Conovcr 
Post, G. A. R.. No. 63. of Freehold. 

A son of Mr. Green was a member of Company G. Second Regiment, New 
Jersey Volunteer Infantry, during the Spanish-American war. 

Mr. Green resides in a beautiful and commodious residence in tlie town of 
Freehold, where he has lived for the past ten years. 



CHARLES H. LUM. 



One of Red Bank's prosperous farmers is Charles H. Lum. the subject of this 
brief sketch. He resides on part of what is w-ell known in that section as the "Grover 
Homestead."' and while the hou.^e was built in 1730, it is in a fine state of preservation, 
and is one of the pict-.iresque landmarks of the place, being situated on the road 
leading from Red Bank to Lincroft. 

Mr. Lum was born in Sandusky. Ohio, on August 2, 1853, the son of Henry B. 
and i^ouisa R. Lum, When our subject was thirteen yearr of age, in the year 1866, 
his parents remo\ed to Xew Jersey, and in 1877 purchased part of the old homestead, 
contaming fifty acres. While in the west Mr. Henry B. Lum, the father of our sub- 
ject, was engaged a.-, a nurseryman. In early life he taught school, and during the 
gold fever in California was on the Pacific coast, where h-^ very successfully engaged 
in the bakery trade. He twice ents;red the matrimonial state, his first wife dying 
in 1863. his second wife in 1892; he. himself, passed away in i8g5. 

Charles H. Lum was reared and educated in the public schools of Ohio. He 
early evinced a strong tendency for agricultural pursuits, in which he has been 
closely interested all his life. In 1882 he went to Florida, where he bought a tract 
of land covering 500 acres: here he remained for eight years, giving his attention 
10 the cultivation of cocoanuts and various oth.er fruits and vegetables. During his 
brief stay in that country, he became so popular that he received the appointment 
of county superintendent of schools and was further honored by being made super- 
visor of registration, as well as other offices of minor importance. He returned 
to New Jersey in 1800. 

His marriage to Effie, daughter of James C. and Rachel (Smith) Grover, oc- 
curred on September 24. 1886; their only child is .-^nnie L.. who was bcprn Septem- 
fK;r 19, 18S8. 

Mrs. Effie Lum is the great-granddaughter of James Grover, to whom the Grover 
estate descended from an uncle, another James, on condition that he niarry at the 
age of eighteen years; this stipulation w-as complied with, his wife being a Miss 
Deborah, at the time of her marriage si.<teen years of age. She was th-; daughter of 
William Voorhees. Their family consisted of twelve children, nine of whom arrived 
at maturity and occupied honorable positions in society. 

James, the first owner of this extensive property, received a grant of 600 acres 
from King James II. On this land Jie built the house (in 17.10) now occupied by liis 
great-great-grandniece, Mrs. Lum. 

James C, Grover, the father of Mrs. Luin, is the grandson of the aforesaid James, 
and great-grand-nephew to the original James, who was, it is scarcely necessary to say, 
a native of England. Mr. Grover was born in Princeton, New Jersey, bin spent many 
years of his life on the old homestead. He finally purchased 120 acres of the 
original tract, which he cultivated to a high stale of perfection. He was a man 
of more than ordinary intelligence, having spent his early years in teaching, and was 
peculiarly endowed with noble principles and high iriindec'i conceptions of life, which 



56 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

110 doubt were ingrafted into his nature through the blood of his Quaker ancestry. 
His family consisted of ten children, namely, Deborah S., Emily. Joseph (deceased), 
Charles (deceased), Alice, Anna (deceased), J. Stillwell. Cornelia, Minnie (de- 
ceased) and Hffie. Mr. Grover was born December 2. 1S16. and died February 22, 
1873. His wife was born October 25, 1S25, dying on February 8. 1891. They were 
members of the Baptist church, to which denomination Mr. and Mrs. Lum also belong. 



EDMUND THROCKMORTON \VOOLLEY. 

Edmund Throckmorton Woolley, justice of the peace of Monmouth county, 
was born in Shrewsbury township, Monmouth county. New Jersey, July 18, 1825. 
His parents were Joseph and Hannah (Williams) Woolley. natives of Monmouth 
county, and descendants of the early Quaker settlers of New Jersey. Joseph Woolley 
was a leading agriculturist of Shrewsbury township, a stalwart Whig and subse- 
quently a Republican, a consistent member of the Society of Friends, as was his 
wife, to whom he was married in the old Quaker Meeting House at Shrewsbury 
'about 1820; he died in 1872, his wife in 1878. Of their children but two survive, 
namely: Edmund T. Woolley; and Elizabeth H.. widow of Hubbsrd Dennis, who 
was for many years a harness maker at Eatontown. ^Monmouth county. 

E. T. Woolley received his initial schooling at Shrewsbury, this being supple- 
mented by attendance at the Friends' School, Westtown, Pennsylvania. After four 
years' association in mechanical pursuits with an uncle, Robert Wardell, in a gen- 
eral store at Eatontown. he entered 'the service of the New Jersey Southern Rail- 
road Company, with which he continued to be identified in various capacities for a 
period of twenty years. During nine years of this time he was foreman for the 
company at Srindy Hook ; was then Adams E.xpress Company's agent and baggage 
master in the steamer service connected with the road. Following this and up to 
1888 he was in the exclusive employ of the .\dams Express Company as train mes- 
senger. Ill the last mentioned year he was installed by the Adams Express Com- 
pany as clerk in their- Red Bank office, where he remained until 1895, t'l^n resign- 
ing to assume the duties of justice of the peace, to which office he had been elected 
by the Republican party in 1896. He was re-elected to the same office in 1901. 

Mr. Woolley has filled all of the large offices of the Knights of Pythias and is 
a member of the grand lodge of the state of New Jersey. He was married April 3, 
1848. to Palmyra, daughter of the late Thomas Riddle, an early packet captain of 
New Jersey. Of the children born to Mr. and Mrs, Woolley nine survive. 



JAMES J. FLY.XN. 



One of the prominent and reliable business citizens of Perth .\mboy. New Jersey, 
is James J. Flynn, undertaker and embalmcr. He is a native of Middlesex county, 
and was born in Perth .\mboy, in 1871, and was a son of Patrick and Eliza'ietb 
Flynn. 

Mr. Flynn acquired a good common school education in the schools of his native 
borough and -iftcr finishing the course learned the trade of tinsmitli. following it 
for eight years and becoming thoroughly proficient. At the expiration of this period 
he became connected with the iiiidortakiiig busiiies? in the cslablishmcnt of Th.mias 




(Scii^T-j^oi^ ^^ ^ PT^rz^^t^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 57 

F. Burke, of Perth Aniboy, and remained here for four years. On February i. 1901, 
he opened a business of his own, at his present location, and is already recognized 
as a most reliable busmcss man and he has long been known to be an honorable citi- 
zen. . Mr. Flynn keeps a complete assortment of all the requisites for funerals and 
gives his personal attention to all details, his courteous manner making his services 
particularly appreciated. 

Mr. Flynn was elected town constable in 1889. filling the duties of that oflice 
with complete satisfaction. Socially he is connected with St. Salvador Council, No. 
299, Knights of Columbia; Chief Ranger of Court Amboy, Foresters of America; 
Perth Aniboy Tribe, I, O. R. M. ; and of St. Patrick's Alliance. He is also foreman 
of the Volunteer Hook and Ladder Company and in all of these various organiza- 
tions he :- highly esteemed. His religious membership is in St. Afary's Catholic 
church. He is a progressive, energetic and thoroughly instructed businc-^s man and 
enjoys the respect of his lellow citizens in Perth Amboy. 



WALTER K. WHITAKER. 

Walter King Whitaker is the junior member of the firm of M. F. Wlrtaker & 
Company, of Sewaren, dealers in groceries. He is an enterprising young business 
man, energetic and tru.'tworthy, and his laudable amliition will prrmpt him to 
efforts that can not fail to bring added success. The senior partner of the firm is his 
brother, Millard Filmore Whitaker, son of John K. Whitaker, a resident of Sewaren, 
who is now practically living a retired iife. The family is one of the oldest in the 
slate and its representatives are well known in Elizabeth, Trenton and other point;. 
Since 1875 they have resided in Sewaren and after long connection with business 
affairs the father is now enjoying a well earned rest. He is a man of prominence 
and influence, highly regarded for his sterling worth. 

Millard F. Whitaker was born November i, i860, in Trenton, New Jersey, and 
is a man of fine business ability, giving close attention to his store and securing 
patronage through reasonable prices and honorable dealing. He is well known as a 
member of the Masonic fraternity and has taken many degrees in thit order. He 
.also belongs t,T the Royal Arcanum. Politically he is a Democrat and for some time 
filled the position of postmaster in Sewaren, his administration of the office being 
one which evoked commendation from all concerned. He married Hiss Hattie De 
Hoven and they have one child. 

Walter King Whitaker, the younger member of the well known grocery firm, 
was born in Trenton October 30, i86j, and attended school in Elizabeth, coming 
with the family to Sewaren in 1875 when thirteen years of age. Reared to manhood 
here, he became identified with its mercantile interests as a member of the present 
firm in T88g, in which year the brothers opened a grocery store, which they have since 
successfully conducted. They carry a large line of carefully selected goxls ami from 
the public receive a large and constantly growing patronage. 

Walter K. Whitaker was married to Miss Nellie Monahan, and they, too, have 
one child. The Democratic p.irty receives his political aliegiancc, and of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity he is a representative, belongnig to the same Masonic divisions as 
does his brother, inclu.ling Aniericus Lodge, No. 8,i, F. & A. M.. of Woodbridge: 
Lofettcr Chapter. No. 1743. R. A. M.. of Rahway; St. John's Commandery, No. 
o, K. T., of Elizabe'h; and Mecca Temple of the Mystic Shrine, of New York. He 



58 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

exemplifies in his life tiie beneficent spirit of the fraternity. Both brothers are wide- 
awake, energetic joung business nitn, enjoying the inu|ualified esteem of the public 
and the warm regard of many friends in social circles. 



CHARLES HENRY THOMPSON, M. D. 

Dr. Charles Henry Thompson, one of the prominent physicians of Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, was born near Marlboro, New Jersey, August 23, 1S43, son of 
Denise and Cornelia (Bergen) Thompson. The name, originally spelled Tomson, 
is of English-Scotch origin. The original immigrant to this country settled on the 
New England coast prior to 1650 and was one of the eighty-six original purchasers, 
in 1667, of that part of Monmouth county known then as Navesink, Narumsink 
and Pootapcck. From this ancestor a long and honorable line descends to Will- 
iam I. Tompson, grandfather of Charles Henry ; he was born in 1779, married 
Margaret Denise, was a farmer, a Presbyterian, and had six children. Through 
the maternal Ime. Dr. Thompson's ancestry traces back to Hans Hansen- 
Bergen, who settled on Manhattan Island in 1633 and married Sarah Rapalie, the 
first white child born of European parentage in the colony of New Netherlands. 
Dr. Thompson's father. Dennis Thompson, born September 23, 1802, was a 
progressive farmer, a stanch Republican, a zealous member of the Dutch Re- 
formed church and many years its treasurer. His children were : Jacob B., Will- 
iam I., John B., Joseph C, Cornelia D., Stephen E.. Tunis D. and Charles H., all 
deceased except John B. and the youngest. 

Dr. Charles Henry Thompson was graduated from Rutgers College in 1864, 
read medicine in the office of Dr. John Vought. at Freehold, and in February, 1868, 
was graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, of Columbia College, 
New York City. He commenced practice at Rosemont. New Jersey, and four 
years later he located in New Y'ork. In 1875 he returned to New Jersey, at South 
Amboy, and after four years came to his present location at Belmar. Dr. Thomp- 
son is in touch with the_ medical progress of his day and is an influential member of 
the Medico Legal Society of New York City and of the Monmouth County Medi- 
cal Society. He is a Republican, and although not an office seeker, was made the 
nominee of his party for assembly in 1890. He has twice served as president of 
the borough commission of Ocean Beach, and for two terms, of two years each, has 
heen mayor of Belmar. He is high up in Masonry, being a past-master of Ocean 
Lodge, No. 89, F. & A. M. ; is a member of Goodwin Chapter, No. 36, R. A. M. ; 
of Corson Commandery, No. 15, K. T., and of the Mecca Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He was an organizer and the first senior 
warden of the Protestant Episcopal church of Belmar. and was chosen to formally 
present the church to the bishop of the diocese. 

In May, 1865. he was married to Rhoda A., daughter of Sanvuel and Margetta 
(Wiley) Holmes, of Pleasant Valley, New York. Their only child. Dr. Fred V., is 
one of the rising physicians of New Jersey, practicing at Holmdel, New Jersey. 



HARRY CONARD. 



Harry Conard is one of tlic youngest bank cashiers in the state of New Jersey, 
holding that position in connection with th.e First National Bank of Perth Amboy. 
He has attained a position of distinction in financial circles that many an older 





1 


ib. 


r 


^ 






\ 



*V-\\iST 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 5 5 

man might well envy, and his advancement has come throngh strong resolution, 
unfaltering energy and laudable ambition. 

Although a native of Pennsylvinia Mr. Conard came to Perth .\mboy in 1877. 
nnd his scliool days were largely spent in this city. For twelve years he was connected 
with the Lehigh Valley Coal Company of New York City, acting as its cashier, and 
in 1892 he aided in the organization of the Citizens City Building and Loan As.so- 
nation of Perth .\mboy, of which he was made secretary and treasurer. When the 
organization of the First National Bank was effected on the 23d of August, iSgg, 
he w-as chosen its cashier and has since been closely connected with the management 
and control of the institution, which has rapidly won its way to a foremost place m 
public favor on account of its safe and conservative busmess policy and the financial 
leliability of its stockholders. The president is Hamilton Fish Kean, of Union 
township. Union county, New Jersey, and the directors are John W. Whilan, of 
Elizabeth ; Robert Carson, of New Brunswick ; A. D. Brown, of Woodbridge ; C. D. 
Snedaker, Peter Nelson and George Haney, of Perth Amboy. All are well known 
business men of marked ability and high financial standing — a fact which insures 
confidence in the institution and has made it one of the leading and prosperous 
banks of this part of the state. It is capitalized for one hundred thousand dollars 
and is the only national bank in Perth Amboy. Mr. Conard carefully controls its 
interests and his correct judgment of human nature, combined with his business 
ability and executive force, has contributed in large measure to the success of the 
enterprise. 

Mr. Conard was united in marriage to Miss Alice Elizabeth Richters, of Eliza- 
beth, New Jersey, and they have one son. Their attractive home is the center of a 
leading society circle and their friends throughout the community are as many in 
number as their acquaintances. Socially Mr. Conard is a member of Raritan Lodge, 
No. 61, F. & A. M., and also has membership relations with the Royal .\rcanum. 
In his political views he is a Republican, but has never been an active worker in 
the party. He served as city treasurer from 1804 to 1896 and is deeply interested 
in everything pertaining to the improvement and upbuilding of the conniiunity, co- 
operating m many measures for the general good. He possesses the requisite quali- 
fications of a successful business man and his future is therefore assured. His 
strong purpose is guided by sound business principles, and his efforts are directed 
along the lines of the strictest commercial ethics. His record is above reproach 
and there is no more honorable, genial or popular young business man in Penh 
Amboy than Harry Conard. 



JOSEPH G. BURNS. 



Joseph G. Burns, who is now- filling the position of superintendent of the water 
works of Penh .A.mboy, was born in this city on the ist of February. 1861. His 
father, Joseph Burns, who died in 1858, was a native of Ireland and was a tailor 
by trade. Becoming a resident of Perth .Vniboy at an early age. he here followed 
tailoring throughout his business career. When the country became involved in the 
war with Mexico he volunteered for service and marched to the land of Montezuma, 
where he aided in establishing the supremacy of the American arms. When the 
south attempted to overthrow the Union he again donned the su!t of blue as a 
member of the Eleventh New Jersey Infantry and through the war of the Rebellion 
served with the Third Army Corps, being discharged with the rank of second lieu- 
tenant. He participated in the battles of Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, Fredericks- 
burg, and other important cnga.gemcnts and was a most loyal soldier. In his political 



6o HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

views he was a Democrat and twice served his constituents a; a member of the 
city counfril. 

Joseph G. Burns is the only son born unto his parents. He has always made 
Perth Amboy his home, and to its public school system he is indebted for the educa- 
tional privileges which he enjoyed. After putting aside his text-books, he entered 
the service of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company, with which he remained for 
eighteen consecutive years, part of the time upon the road, and tlie remainder of 
the period as its representative at this place. His 1 mg connection with the com- 
pany indicates clearly his fidelity to duty and promptness in its discharge. At 
length he resigned his position to become superintendent of the water works of 
Perth Am.boy, to which he was appointed in iSqq. 

Mr. Burns exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and measures 
of the Democracy and is deeply interested in the growth a:id success of his party, 
doing all in his power for its advancement. He was married in i8S6 to Miss Tille 
Simonson, and unto them have been born three children, namely : Arthur, Scott and 
Frank. Mr. Burns is one of the popular young men of the village, where ha has 
a wide acquaintance. His friends are indeeJ mmy, including those who have known 
him from early boyhood. 

» » » 

STAFFORD L. RAPPELYEA. 

A prominent and progressive citizen of Milltown. Middlesex county. New Jersey, 
is Stafford L. Rappelyea, the honored mayor of the town and the proprietor of the 
Milltown Granite Works. His parents are William C. and Hester (Lloyd) Rappelyea, 
and his birth was in North Brunswick township, Middlesex county, on January 
24, 1S65. 

William C. Rappelyea, the lather of the subject of this biography, was a son of 
Jeremiah and Mary Ann Rappelyea and he was born near Denhams Corner, in East 
Brunswick township, and has spent his entire life in Middlesex county, where he 
has been actively engaged in agricultural pursuits, now living retired in Milltoun. 
Both he and wife aie consistent members of the Methodist church. 

Stafford L. Rappelyea, the only child of William and Hester Rappelyea, acquired 
his education in the public schools of New Brunswick, and after his school days 
end'ed he went to work in the Milltown rubber factory, but subsequently learned the 
trade of granite cutting, with William Clinton, of New Brunswick, remaining in his ' 
employ for thirteen years. Leaving jMr. Clinton at this time he went to ElizabefK 
and there took cliarge of the granite yard of Thomas Jardine & Son, and remained 
there for two years, going then to South River, New Jersey, where he became a 
partner in the firm o'f Lupton Bro;.. & Co. This partnership was dissolved in 1889 
and Mr. Rappelyea returned to Milltown and engaged in business for himself, where, 
by studying the wants of his patrons, by good and artistic workmanship, and by 
courteous treatment, he has gained the confidence of the public and has estab- 
lished a large and remunerative business. 

Mr. Rappelyea was united in marriage at South River, New Jersey, on November 
6, 1895, to Miss Ada Arm.strong. who was the daugliter of Robert and .Amelia Arm- 
strong, and one son has blessed this 'inion, Erdnian A., who was born in 1897. 

Mr. Rappeiyea is a valued member of a number of the- fraternal orders, notably, 
of New Brunswick Lodge, No. 6, I. O. O. F. ; Wickatunk Tribe. No. 1,35, Improved 
Order of Red Men: Riverside Council, Junior Order of American Mechanics; in all 
of these he enjoys the liigh esteem of comrades. In his political sympathies he has 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COv\ST. 6i 



been an active and entlnisiaslic Republican and Ins fellow citizens displayed their 
confidence by electing him to the office of mayor on March 12, 1901. He is a 
director in the Van Lien cemetery, and one of the leachng and substantial citizens. 
With his family he is connected with the Methodist church. 



WILLIAM H. NASH. 



There are few men better known or more highly respected in Carteret, Wood- 
bridge township, New Jersey, than the subject of this brief review, William H. Nash, 
who has lived in this section for upwards of thirty years. He is the proprietor of the 
Port Reding Hotel at Carteret, which is well and favorably known to visitors at 
that place as affording entertainment second to none. For ten years Mr. Nash has 
been engaged m the hotel business, although he has not confined himself strictly to 
it, being interested in real estate transactions in connection with Joseph W. Savage; 
in this line he has done an extensive business ; he has successfully negotiated many 
sales, including desirable factory sites, as well as the buying and selling of residence 
property. 

Politically Mr. Nash is an adherent of the Democratic party, in whose welfare 
he takes an active interest. He is an advocate of outdoor exercise, and is a member 
of the Woodbridge Athletic Club. Mr. Nash is happy in the possession of a wife 
and five children. 

♦-•-• 

JOSEPH MARK. 

Joseph Mark, a prominent and progressive citizen and successful business man. 
efficiently filling the honorable position of mayor of the pleasant town of South 
River, Middlesex county, New Jersey, is a son of Bernhard and Theresa (Schesler) 
Mark. 

The Mark family is of German descent, the father of our subject being a native 
of Baden Baden, where he was born in 1828 ; he was a son of Mathias and Susan 
Mark, the former of whom spent his whole life in his native country, but the latter 
emigrated to the L'uited States and died at South River, New Jersey. 

Bernard Mark spent his early life in Germany, where he was educated and learned 
the trade of shoemaker, and until 1848 he worked there at his trade. At this date 
he came to America, landing at New York, and soon after made his way to South 
River, New Jersey, and decided to make that part of the state his permanent home, 
being one of the first settlers of that section of Middlesex county. Here he ;00n 
established himself at his trade of shceniaking, and being a skilled mechanic he 
soon had all of the woik whicii he could attend to. Subsequently he engaged in the 
retail shoe business and carried on the same very successfully until 1899, at which tin e 
he disposed of his business and since that time has been spending the autumn of his 
life free from business cares, amid-t the surroundings of his cheerful home, in 
South River. 

To Bernard Mark and wife were born these children, 'namely : Emma, who is 
the wife of Robert Davison, of South River; William, liorn on December 9. i860, 
married Miss Nellie Dcckenty and has three children, residing in Brooklyn; Joseph; 
and Susan, who is the wife of Charles Combs, has three children and resides in 
South River. One other, named Rosella, died in childhood. 



62 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Mr. Mark has long l)een a prominent citizen of this town and for four years was 
the efficient town commissioner and was one of the directors of the building and loan 
association of South River for eighi years. In political views he hai been a life- 
long Democrat. Bernard Marks is known to be a consistent member of the Meth- 
odist church, and he has been honest and upright in all his dealings through life; 
he is of a progressive .spirit, giving his influence and contributing largely of his means 
to advance all enterprises ten.ding to the promotion of the welfare of his adopted 
home. He is honored and esteemed by all of his fellow citizens. 

Joseph Mark, who is our subject, was educated in the public schooh of South 
River and after completing the course, went to work in a brickyard, where he re- 
mained for five years, and for about three years longer he was engaged at carpet- 
weaving. His next step was an engagement as agent to travel in the niterests of a. 
shirt factory in New York, and thus thoroughly learned the necessary details of this 
business. In 1886 our subject, in association with his brother-in-'aw. Robert Davison, 
established a shirt factory in South River, beginning in a small way. It soon began 
to assume large proportions and has become one of the important and leading indus- 
tries in this locality. 

The factory where the business is conducted is a two-story frame structure, eig'ity- 
fix by twenty-eight feet, in wWch about one hundred machines are operated by 
fleam power, the firm giving employment to about one hundred hands in the factory 
and some fifty families on the outside. 

The marriage of Mr. Mark took place at South River. New Jersey, on August 
7, 1889, to Miss Sarah Brower, of Matawan. Monmout'i county, New Jersey. 

Mr. Mark affiliates with the Democratic party and has filled the office of town 
councilman, borough councihnan and was unanimously elected mayor of the city on 
March 12, igoi. In the South River Building and Loan Association he has been long 
a director ; is a member of South River Council, N-o. 33, Jr. O. of U. A. M. ; South 
River Lodge, Knights of Pythias ; New Brunswick Lodge, No. 3^4 : and Benevolent 
Order of Elks. Tn the Methodist church Mr. Mark consistently holds membership and 
is one of the leading supporters in South River. 

As a clever, energetic business man Mr. ALirk has liuilt up an enviable reputa- 
tion, which is one of unquestioned integrity, and his stan<iing is high in every circle 

of society in South River. 

« » » 

CHARLES ALBERT VOORHEES. 

A man who has attained to prominence through his energy and perseverance 
along agricultural lines is Charles Albert Voorhees, who owns and operates a val- 
uable farm of one hundred acres of land in Jackson township. Ocean county, which 
he devotes to general farming. He is of Dutch ancestry, his great-grandparents, 
.•Vlbert and Catherine Vioorhees, having been natives of Holland, whence they emi- 
grated to this couutry, enduring all the hardships and privations of pioneer life. 
Albert Voorhees was a brave soldier of the Revolutionary war and fought valiantly 
for the freedom of his adopted country. Of the children born to this couple was 
Hendrick, the grandfather of the immediate subject of these memoirs. He was born 
October 7. 1774. and was married Decemiber 4. 1796, to Kessiah Applegate, whose 
birth occurred December 14, 1774. Nine children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Voor- 
hees, only one of whom now survives: Joseph H.. born September 11. iSrg. On 
June 19, 1841. he married Miss Rachel Lucas. Albert H. Voorhees, the father of our 
subject, was a member of this family, and was born in Ocean county, where he 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 63 

spent his entire lite and where his death occurred when seventy-six years of age. 
His wife. Lydia (.Conover) Voorhees, was about the same age. They were the 
parents of twelve children, as follows: Hendrick, deceased; Conover; Catherine; 
James, who has passed away ; Kessiah ; Joseph, now deceased ; John ; Jacob A. ; 
Daniel ; Isaac \V. : Lydia ; and Charles A. The father was a man highly respected 
in the community in which he resided and always led a life of honor and upright- 
ness. Though he made no pretentions as a politician, he was earnest and zealous 
in his support of the Democratic party. 

Charles Albert Voorhees was the youngest member of the family and was born 
January i. 1851, in Jackson township. Ocean county. New Jersey. The common 
schools of his native township furnished him his educational privileges, and his 
father's farm served as an instructor in all the labors and duties that fall to the lot 
of the agriculturist. Here he learned lessons of industry and perseverance, while 
honesty and integrity were early instilled into his mind around the family fireside. 
His valuable farming property and his substantial residence and barns are the re- 
sults of his well guided labor and of the early training he received, and he well 
merits the success which is now his. 

Mr. \"oorhees was joined in the holy bonds of matrimony on the 19th of 
March, 1875, to Miss Eliza B. Wright, who was born in Burlington county. New 
Jersey, in 1853, her parents being Franklin and Jane M. Wright. Mr. Voorhees is 
a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he has held 
the office of steward and is now treasurer. He has been honored with the office of 
collector of taxes of the township, and through his promptness and fidelity to his 
duties has won for himself the confidence of his fellow men. Mr. and Mrs. Voor- 
hees have many friends in Jackson township who honor and respect them for their 

many excellencies of character. 

1 



J. LEON WHITE, M. D, 

Among the suc?;ssful practicing physicians of South Amboy is Dr. J. Leon 
White, whose careful preparation, supplemented by unfaltering devotion to his pro- 
fession, has enabled him to pass beyond the po'nt of mediocrity and stand among 
the successful few. He was born in Bordentown. New Jersey. January 9, 1861, and 
is a son of Jamec and Willmina White. The family is of English lineage and the 
great-grandfather, the grandfather and the father of the Doctor all bore the name 
of James White. The last named was born in Cornwall, England, June 4, 1829. and 
when a year old was brought to America by his parents, who located in New Jersey, 
the greater part of his life being passed in South Amboy. He mastered the business 
of running a locomotive engine, while in the service of the Camden & Amboy Railroad 
Company, and later he was a fireman and afterward engineer on th.- famous old 
engine called the John Bull, which was placed on exhibition at the Centennial in 
Philadelphia ?nd the World's Columbian Exposition, ii Chcago. He remained 
in the service of the Camden & Amboy Railroad Company until 1889 and Was one 
ot its most trusted employes. He now lives retired amid the surroundings of a com- 
fortable home. His children are .-Vnnie. the wife of Charles Cousins, an engineer on 
the Pennsylvania Railroad ; and the Doctor. 

The btter acquired his education in the p-tblic schools of South Amboy, supple- 
mented by study under private instruction. His literary course being completed, he 
took up the study of medicine in the office of Dr. Treganowan and later became a 



64 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

student in the Jefferson ^ledical College, of Philadelphia, wliere he was graduated in 
the class of 1881. For two years thereafter he continued his studies and then began 
practice. He has always been a student, his reading and research continually extend- 
ing the field of his knowledge until he is to-day regarded as one of the best informed 
physicians of South Amboy, and that he enjoys the public confidence is indicated 
by the large patronage accorded him. He began practice near Owego, New York, in 
1883, and there remained until 1888, after which he practiced for four years at Oak- 
dale, near Worcester, Massachusetts. In 1891 he returned to South Amboy, but on 
account of ill b.ealth did not engage in practice until 1898. 

The Doctor belongs to the State and County Medical Societies. For four years 
he was a member of the board of health and for two years was its president, while 
for the past three years he has been borough physician. The Doctor has a wide 
acquaintance and many friends m this locality, gained not only through his professional 
skill but by reason of many pleasing personal characteristics. 



FR.^iXK LEROV SMITH. 

New Jersey is noted for its garden produce ; nowhere do vegetables seem to 
flourish and develop as in the Jersey soil and under the skillful hands of the Jersey 
farmer. Among the most successful of the truck men the name of Frank L. Smith 
stands conspicuous. His extensive place is located near Little Silver and is widely 
known as "Maple Faim.;" it is beautSfuIly situated on the Red Bank road leading to 
Long Branch, and its products are sold at both wholesale and retail. Mr. Smith's 
markets now extend all along Monmouth Beach, and he requires six large team wagons 
in the delivery of his goods. 

Mr. Smith is a native of Oceanport, having been born there October 3, i860. His 
parents were Louis A. and Angeline (Campbell) Smith. He was reared and edu- 
cated in the neighborhood of Little Silver, to which place he removed in 1871. He has 
spent fifteen years on the place he now occupies — years of energetic and well directed 
effort, which have been crowned with well merited success. 

His marriage to Miss Anna B. Quackenbush, of Brooklyn, New York, was cele- 
brated Decemt>er 31, 1891. Three interesting children have been born to their union, 
namely. Percy L., Raymond E., and Helen Smith. 



IRA B. TICK. 



Ira B. Tice has for a number of years been one of the leading residents of the 
city, prominent in political and public life, and in business affairs, wherein he has- 
manifested marked ability and fidelity to duty, thus continually winning advance- 
ment at the hands of the corporations with which he has been connected. Respected 
and esteemed by all who know him, he w-ell deserves mention among the repre- 
sentative citizens of the Jersey coast. 

Mr. Tice is a son of a patriotic house whose ancestors came to America from 
Tyrol, Austria, in 1620. There were three brothers, whose names were John, Henry 
and Joseph. The name was originally spelled Teiss, and the family of that name 
gave the name to the river Teiss, which flows through Austria-Hungary. Early- 
members of the family in this country were firm supporters and defenders of the 
Declaration of Independence and of the forms of government established by our 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 6c 

Continental congress. John Tice, tlie grandfather of our subject, followed farming 
in Hector township, Schuyler county, New York, owning a valuable tract of land 
of three hundred and fifty acres, situated near the romantic Watkins Glen. There 
he resided throughout his entire life and amassed a very desirable competency. In 
his political views he was a Whig and was a most earnest and zealous patriot. He 
served with distinction in the war of 1812 and not only faced the British bullets 
on the field of battle but also gave of his means toward the successful prosecution of 
the war. In religious belief he was a Methodist and took an active part in the work 
of the church, doing whatever lay in his power for the advancement and upbuilding 
of the cause of Christianity among his fellow men. He was twice married and by 
his first union had two children, Simeon and Archellis, wdiile by the second mar- 
riage there was one child, Beardsley. 

Simeon Tice, the father of our subject, was born in Hector township. Schuyler 
county. New York, on the 26th of August, 1813. By occupation he W'as a carriage 
manufacturer, following that business first at West Groton and afterward at Mo- 
ravia, New York, where in 188O he retired from business after an active career of 
forty years. He then took up his residence at Beardsley's Corners, in Tompkins 
county, New York, twelve miles from Ithaca, where he is now enjoying. a well 
earned rest, his wants being supplied by the competence gained by earnest labor in 
the past. In early life he gave his political support to the Whig party and afterward 
joined the ranks of the Republican party, of which he has remained an unfaltering 
advocate, although he has never sought or desired public office. He has long been 
an active and consistent member of the Methodist church and has held office 
therein. Mr. Tice has been twice married and three children were born of the first 
union, namely : Mary Woolsey, now deceased ; Ira B. ; and John, who was a car- 
riage decorator at Syracuse, New York. The mother, Mrs. Harriet S. (Webley) 
Tice, died in 1872. at the age of fifty-three years. There have been no children born 
of the second marriage. 

Ira B. Tice was born at West Groton, Tompkins county. New York, on the 
13th of December, 1849, and in the schools of Moravia, that state, pursued his edu- 
cation. After putting aside his text-books he secured employment with the West- 
ern Union Telegraph Company at Moravia, where he remained for two years, after 
which he became a telegraph operator for the Erie Railroad Company, and at the 
end of three years accepted a position as forwarding agent at Wilkesbarre for the 
Delaware & Hudson Railroad Company, in whose service he remained for six years. 
In 1875 Mr. Tice was for four years train runner for the Lehigh Valley Railroad,, 
while later he came to Perth .•\mboy and was promoted to the position of yard 
master, acting in that capacity for sixteen years or until January i, 1896, when he 
was made general yard master at Perth Amboy. In his new position he had charge 
of all of the yards at that place, including the supervision of three hundred men. 
Well qualified for the important duties of the position, by their faithful discharge he 
won the unqualified confidence and respect of the company and of the men. His 
business career has been a progressive one, his energy and strong determination to 
succeed winning him continued advancement as the years have gone by. 

In November. 1890, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Tice and Miss Florence 
E. Liddell, a daughter of Captain Thomas B. Liddell, of Perth Amboy. They 
now have two interesting children, Harriet and Ira B., Jr. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Tice are widely and favorably known in Perth Amboy and the hospitality of the 
best homes is extended them. He has been actively identified with the interests of 
the town during his residence here; is vice-president of the Citizens Building & 
Loan .\ssociation and a director of the Perth Amboy Home & Mutual Building ant' 
5 



■66 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Loan Association. He is also a prominent Mason, belonging to Raritan Lodge, No. 
6l, F. & A. M., of which he is a trustee. He is captain general of Temple Com- 
inandery, No. i8, K. T., at Metuchen, New Jersey; is a past regent of Middlesex 
•Council, No. iioo. Royal Arcanum; and is a past councilor of Alpha Council. No. i, 
Loyal Additional Benefit Fund. He is vice-president of the E.xcmpt Firemen's 
Association and president ■ of the board of trustees of the Firemen's Relief Asso- 
ciation, while of the "old time" Telegraphers and Historical Association he is an 
active and influential representative. A stanch Republican in his political views, 
Mr. Tice has always taken a deep interest in the growth of his party and the adop- 
tion of its principles. He was elected a member of the board of freeholders and) 
in 1896 was chosen by popular ballot to the position of mayor of Perth Amboy. 
In 1S87 he was a candidate for the state senate, but as his party is the minority 
party in this district, he was not elected. Every office to which he has been chosen 
has found him a reliable incumbent. Wherever known he enjoys the confidence 
and good will of those with whom he has been associated and the circle of his 
friends is only limited by the circle of his acquaintances. 



ARTHUR L. GROVER, D. Y. S. 

Arthur L. Grover, the proprietor of Perth .-Xniboy Veterinary Hospital, was born 
in New Brunswick, New Jersey,, April 24, 1876, the son of Joseph and Anna M. 
'(Elkin) Grover, who are both residents of New Brunswick, New Jersey. Mr. .\rthur 
L. Grover received his preliminary education in the public schools of New Brunswick, 
^nd afterward studied for his profession in the McGill University, Montreal. He 
later entered the American Veterinary College of New York, from which he graduated 
:n 1897. For six months subsequent to his leaving college, he was an assistant in Dr. 
S. K. Johnson's Veterinary Hospital, West 2Sth Street. New York, and during the next 
six months assisted Dr. Burns of Brooklyn. In 1898 he began the practice of his 
profession in Perth ."Vniboy. New Jersey, and has been continuously engaged in this 
business ever since. His thorough knowledge of this line of work and his conscien- 
cious and faithful labor have brought to him marked success, and he is known through- 
out the country as a man of ability and energy. He has many friends in Perth Amboy, 
who have great confidence in his work and look upon him as a rising professional man. 
He is held in high regard by all who know him, and has a bright and promising 
future. 

♦-•-• 

JOHN AUGUSTIN COAN. 

John .Augiistin Coan, one of the leading lawyers of South ."Kmhoy, New Jersey, 
was born at South Amboy in 1877, his parents being Patrick and Mary (Shannahan) 
Coan. They are both natives of Irel'uid, but have for the past thirty years resided in 
South Anilx)v, New Jersey, honored and respected by all who know them. Their 
•children are: Rev. James J., rector of St. John's Roman Catholic chapel, Brooklyn; 
Mary C, wife of William Birmingham: Elizabeth A.: Patrick J.: John A.; and 
Frank P. The family all attend .St. Mary's Roman Catholic church and are highly 
respected in South Amboy. 

Mr. John A Coan. was educated in St. Mary's parochial school at South .^mhoy, 
.and was one of the first graduates from that school. He then attended Seton Hall 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 67 

College, South Orange, New Jersey, graduating from there in 1898, with tne degree 
of A. B. It was his desire to engage in professional work, and in 1900 he graduated 
from the New York Law School, having there received the degree of LL. B. In 
June of that year, he was admitted to the Bar and at once engaged in the practice 
of law in his home town. He has been very successful during the short period of his 
work and is now recognized as a rising lawyer of ability, and bids fair to be one of 
the first lawyers of the community. Mr. Coan is a member of South Aniboy Council 
No. 426, Knights of Columbus, and also of St. Aloysius Lyceum. He is a man cf 
spirit, a deep thinker and promises to be a leading factor in matters of importance, 
which require grave thought and sound judgment. He is greatly respected in South 
Amboy and has many friends throughout the country who wish him success in his 
career. 



THOMAS REDHING. 



Thomas Redhing, a progressive and popular citizen of Perth Amboy, New Jersey, 
-where he conducts a general contracting business with offices located at No. 230 High 
street, was born in the town of Catterstock, near Oundel, Northamptonshire, England, 
■on September 23, 1849, and was a son of John and Ann Redhing, both of whom were 
natives of Northamptonshire. 

In early life our subject received only a limited education, at the age of nine years 
becoming an apprentice in a flour mill, .■\fter gaining a thorough knowledge of this 
business, he went to a town in Bedfordshire where he engaged in work as a journey- 
man. Three years later he went to Hartfordshire where he took charge of a mill at 
Whealamstead for George B. Garrett and remained there three years, during which 
time he introduced inany improvements, increased the business, and gave general 
satisfaction. 

On April I, 1871, Mr. Redhing left his native land to seek his fortune in the far 
west, embarking on the steamship City of Washington, and reaching New York on 
May 4, 1871. After remaining in that great city for a few weeks and failing to find 
employment at his trade there, he engaged as a laborer on a railroad, a lincj^of work 
.different from any he had ever attempted, but he must have given satisfaction, for three 
months later he was made a foreman. 

On April 12, 1872, our subject came to Perth Amboy, New Jersey, as foreman on 
the construction of the Pennsylvania Railroad. About this time gas was being intro- 
duced ior general use in Perth .\niboy, and abandoning the railroad work, he entered 
into the employ of the gas company and assisted in the entire contruction of the 
plant, and after its completion, was appointed superintendent of the works, filling this 
position efficiently for five and one-half years. 

During the following three years, our subject took charge of a mill in Wood- 
bridge township, close to Perth Amboy, and subsequently became a partner in this 
■business, continuing until May 4, 1880, when he abandoned that line of work to enter 
into that of contracting, and since that time has been very successfully engaged. 

The marriage of Mr. Redhing was near Perth Amboy, on March 25, 1874, to Miss 
Mary Emma Munn, who was a daughter of Frederick Munn, and to this union these 
children have been born, namely: George Ernest, who died at the age of si.xteen 
years; Ali)ert Spencer; Mary Emma, the wife of Garret Evans, married on April 29. 
1901 ; Earl Dower; Eva Ann; Bertha; and Cora, who died in infancy. 

Mr. Redhing is well known in business circles and is identified with many social 
'jind fraternal orders, namely: Raritan Lodge, No. 61. A. F. & A. M., Chapter 36. 
R. A. M., Temple Commandery, No. 18, Knights Templar, Mecca Temple, Knights 



^8 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

of the Mystic Shrine. Perth Amboy Lodge. I. O. O. F., Algonkin Lodge. Knights of 
Pythias, New Brunswick Lodge, No. ,^.24, Btnevolent Elks. He has served as a free- 
holder for two successive terms. 

In politics our subject is an active and ardent Republican and ha-; been a useful 
member of his party. The religious connection of the family is with the Epscopil 
church, where all are highly esteemed. 



R. PIOWARD THORN. 



This gentleman, the late efficient postmaster of Ocean City, is proprietor of the 
leading hardware establishment, one of the most extensive enterprises at that place. 
Through the passing years he has added to his capital by the careful conduct of his 
mercantile interests and enlarged his facilities to meet the demands of the con- 
stantly increasing trade, thus becoming the proprietor of one of the largest business 
houses in the city which he makes his home. 

Mr. Thorii was horn at Frankford. Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. January 23. 1857, his 
parents being Richard H. and Rebecca (ShallcrossJ Thorn. Seven brothers by the name 
of Thorn came to America at an early period in the history of this country. One of 
the brothers settled in Salem county. New Jersey, the second in Maryland, and 
John Thorn, the original ancestor of our subject, took up his abode in Chesterfjel'd 
township, Burlington county. New Jersey, where he followed the occupation of 
farming. James came over with Lord Baltimore. The grandfather of our subject 
also bore the name of John, and was born in Crosswicks. Burlington county, in 
1790. He was educated in the schools of Bordentown, learned the potter's trade, 
and engaged in the manufacture of pottery in Crosswicks in early life, but subse- 
quently removed to Frankford, Philadelphia, where he manufactured all kinds o£ 
earthenware. There he spent his remaining days, his death occurring in March, 
1857. at the age of seventy-seven years. His political support was given to the 
Whig party, aiid of the Methodist Episcopal church he was a faithful member, con- 
tributing liberally to its support and regularly attending its services. He married 
Miss Mary Thomas, whose death occurred at the age of sixty-four years. They 
were the parents of the following children : Thomas, who was a tailor and baker, 
married and had three children, Mary E., Siloam T. and Frank; Richard H. ; David, 
a bricklayer, married Mary Wilson, and their children were Silas W., Richard 
Hare. Melvinn. and two who died in childhood ; Hannah became the wife of James 
G. Glenn, a saddler of Philadelphia, and their children were Edwin T., Charles T., 
Clara T., Milton. Fannie, Harry and Laurina ; Mary .■\nna became the wife of 
Charles T. Holme, a master painter at Frankford. and they had seven children v ho 
survive, viz.: Charles W., Mary .•\da. Evadine T., Richard T.. Linwood T., Maud 
and Irene, three children being deceased; Susan became the wife of Christian S. 
Ruth, a master mechanic and foreman of the Pennsylvania Railroad blacksmith 
shops at Altoona, Pennsylvania, by whom she had six children, — James Buchanan, 
Mary, Susan, Wilbur, Linford and Milton; Margaret, the youngest of the fainily, 
married William MacDonough. a wood turner and superintendent of an umbrella 
factory at Frankford. by whom she had four children,— John Thorn. William. Mary 
and Frank. 

Richard H. Thorn, 'the father of our subject, was born at Crosswicks, Bur- 
lington county. New Jersey. March 24, 1820, and throughout his business career 
followed contracting and building at Frankford, Pennsylvania, and executed some 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 69 

of the largest contracts in that part of Philadelphia, furnishing employment to a 
large force of workmen. He exercised his right of franchise in support of the 
Democracy. He married Miss Rebecca Shallcross, and they became the parents of 
nine children : George Bancroft ; Kate S. ; Mary Deborah, who died at the age 
of nine years: Horace St. Clair, who is the secretary of the Frankford Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, and who married Ella Greenly, by whom he had two children. — 
Joseph S. and Walter St. Clair ; Warren Douglass, who died at the age of twenty- 
three years : Richard Howard ; Joseph Shallcross. who died at the age of five years : 
Effie Grey, who became the wife of Abel D. Scull, a contractor at Ocean City, by 
whom she had si.x children, — Olive Pearl, Howard Thorn, Morris S., Thomas J., 
Ruth D. and Lavinia Eyre; and Thomas J., a grocer, who marrfed Ella Smith. 
The father of these children was called to his final rest November i6. 1885, at the 
age of sixty-six years, and his wife, who was born May 8, 1824, died April 21, 1892. 

In the public schools of his native town R. Howard Thorn pursued his edu- 
cation until the age of fourteen years, after which he was variously employed at the 
carpenter's trade, at the cabinet-maker's bench, and later accepted a clerkship in 
Frankford ; he finally mastered the millwright's trade, which he followed until 1885. 
That year witnessed his arrival at Ocean City, where he began business on a small 
scale at the corner of Asbury avenue and Eighth street, carrying a line of hard- 
ware and house furnishing goods. His straightforward dealings, his systematic 
business methods and earnest desire to please his patrons secured to him a con- 
stantly increasing patronage, and in 1887 he bought two adjoining lots and enlarged 
his store by building upon them. At different times he made additions and improve- 
ments in his store until the Thorn block is now seventy-eight by sixty feet, and three 
stories in height. The original building, a part of the block which he now occupies, 
was erected in 1887 for a furniture store, and he purchased the furniture stock and 
fixtures of 01i\er Pierce. He soon built up a good trade in that line, "continually 
enlarging his store and stock, and in 1895 he erected a building twenty-eight by 
fifty-six feet and three stories in height, and the third story is occupied by the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. His store at No. 801 is now used as a retail cigar establishment: 
No. 803 is occupied by his mammoth hardware and house furnishing deapjtment 
and No. 805 as a furniture department, all three floors being utilized, the second as 
a carpet and furniture salesroom, and the third as a general stock department. Mr. 
Thorn has an investment in that location approximating thirty-five thousand dollars. 
Mr. Thorn also owns other valuable property in other parts of the city, and is ac- 
counted a leading merchant in this line at this place, receiving the patronage of many 
of the summer visitors as well as of the permanent residents of the town. He is 
also the treasurer of the Ocean City Building & Loan .\ssociation, a position which 
he has occupied since 1888. He is one of the directors of the First National Bank 
of Ocean City, and of the board of trade. 

Mr. Thorn has been twice married. On the 4th of April, 1878, he wedded 
Alice Kirk, who was born in Manchester. England, February 6, 1857. a daughter 
of James and Alice Kirk. Her father was a skilled textile worker, and when she 
was only six weeks old he brought his family to the new world. Unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Thorn were born two children,— Mary Shallcross and Amy H. The mother died 
April 9, 1887, and on the 20th of November, 1889, Mr. Thorn married Lavinia Eyre 
Smith, who was born in Philadelphia, December 2, 1866, a daughter of Edwin Smith, 
of Ocean City. Her father was a machinist and invenTor, and the manager of 
Sellers' machine works of Philadelphia. He invented file tool machinery, the utility 
of which was demonstrated by its adoption in many of the leading manufactories 
throughout the country. He was also a member of many societies, notably the Ma- 



70 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

sonic fraternity, in which he was very active; he was one of the founders of the 
Knights of Birmingham in Philadelphia, and belonged to the Knights of Pythias 
fraternity and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. By the second marriage 
of Mr. Thorn there is one child, Howard St. Clair, who is now in school. Miss 
Mary Shallcross Thorn was married October l6, 1900, to RoUa Garretson, of Ocean 
City ; they have one child, Alice Thorn. 

Mr. Thorn is the organizer of the lodge of the' Ancient Order of Workmen of 
Ocean City, and was its first representative to the grand lodge. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Royal Arcanum, the Improved Order of Red Men, the Knights of Pythias, 
the Masonic fraternity, Junior Order United American Mechanics, and the Patriotic 
Order Sons of America. In politics he is a Democrat, and served as postmaster' un- 
der the first and second administrations of Cleveland, his second term of office 
expiring April i, 1901. He administered the affairs of the postoffice with the same 
business-like dispatch that characterized his mercantile interests, and his promptness 
and accuracy won him the highest commendation of all. He is a prominent and 
faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and since 1876 has held offi- 
cial positions therein and was for a number of years the chairman of the finance 
committee. He has always given his support to measures for the public good, and 
as a business man he possesses keen discernment and unflagging diligence, qualities 
which have enabled him to acquire a handsome competence. 



WILLIAM H. QUACKENBOSS. 

Willinm H. Quackenboss. who is one of the leading business citizens of New 
Brunswick, New Jersey, was born in the city of Princeton, this state, on February 4, 
1864, and was a son of the late James and Catherine (Lewis) Quackenboss. 

James Quackenboss. who was the father of our subject, was for almost a quarter 
of a centurv a leading business man of New Brunswick in the tailoring lino. During 
the Civil war, he served gallantly and was a valued member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and was a respected and useful member of society. The children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Quackenboss numbered three, viz. : Lilian, who married Cornelius 
McCrellis: William H., who is our subject; and Theodore B. 

William H. Quackenboss attended the Princeton public schools, and after acquiring 
a good common-school education, enjrag.^d in agricultural pursuits. In 1878 he became 
connected with the undertaking business, .'nd since 1880 has successfully and satis- 
factorily carried on an undertaking and eml>alming establishment ol his own in this 
city. His office is located at No. 98, Albany street, where all patrons may be assured of 
kind and considerate attention. Mr. Quackenboss is a graduate of Clark's embalming 
school. 

The marriage of Mr. Quackenboss was in New Brunswick, New Jersey, to Miss 
Annie E. .Stewart, daughter of Robert and Mary (Piatt) Stewart, and to this union 
two sons have been born, namely : .■\lexander W. and William H., the latter being 
drowned on July 11, 1800. through accident. In politics, our subject is in sympathy 
with the Democratic party, and he has long been a leading member of the Livingston 
Avenue Baptist church. 

Mr. Quackenboss is prominently identified with a number of fraternal and social 
organizations, among these being: Union lodge. No. ig. F. & A. M. ; Goodwill Council, 
No. 32; American Mechanics; Friendship Lodge. K. of P.; Royal Arcanum; Ohanda 
tribe I. O. R. M. ; 'New Brunswick lodge. No. 6, I. O. O. F. : New Brunswick Encamp- 
ment, No. 43, I. O. O. F. ; Benevolent Order Elks; and Court No. 40, Foresters 
of .■\merica. 




(3^ 



■^^£:.^c- 




HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 71 

CAn~AIN ABRAHAM T. WOGLOM. 

One of the well-known and htghly respected citizens of Perth Amlx)y, New Jersey; 
is Captain Abraham T. VVoglom, who is one of the largest and most reliable dealers 
and shippers of oysters in this section. Captain Woglom was born in this town on 
September 12, 1833, and he was a son of Peter and Elizabeth (Thompson) Woglom, 
and a grandson of John Woglom. who was a native of Staten Island and who followed 
a sea-faring life. Peter Woglom, the father of the captain, was also l)orn on Staten 
Island, but came to Perth .-\mboy in early life. By trade he was a ship carpenter 
but for many y«ars prior to his death he was engaged in the oyster business. 

Petal" Woglom and wife were the parents of eight children, namely: John 
Thomas, who died in infancy; Abraham ; Mary ; Laney, the wife of James Segine; 
Catherjjie. deceased ; John ; Peler, deceased, and James. 

Captain Woglom has spent his entire lite in Perth .^mboy, where he is recognized 
as a worthy and progressive citizen. He was educated in the connnon schools, and his 
business has been entirely confined to the oyster trade. He is thoroughly familiar 
with all of the details of this business, and his pleasant personality is w'ell known to 
all the residents along the coast with whom he has business relations. 

Captain Woglom was married in Perth Amboy to Miss Annie Tooker, and their 
children are as follows: Harry, who died at the age of twenty years; Catherine; Ella, 
who is the wife of William Walters; Grace; Walter; George; Herbert; and two who 
died in infancy. 

Fraternally Captain Woglom is a member of and is past grand of Lawrence Lodge, 
No. 62, I. O. O. F., and lodge No. 44, K. of P., in both organizations being most highly 
esteemed. He is a Republican in politics. 



FRED FRICK. 



In all centers of population, great or small, there is one individual in each field 
of thought and labor who makes a distinctive impression upon the community. In. 
an entirely unassuming way and without any pretense of super-importance Mr. Fred- 
erick Frick, the proprietor of the Sheridan Hotel at Red Bank, has in a comparatively 
short time won his way to the front in his vocation of catering to the wants of the 
traveling public. While the demands of a rapidly growing busiticss necessitate the 
devotion of the greater portion of his time to its interests and advancement, he has 
lost no opportunity, by excellent business counsel or more substantial contribution, 
in efforts that have lieen made looking toward the promotion of the public welfare. 
Born, reared, educated an<l trained to business in Red Bank, he has been most faith- 
ful in his allegiance to that town and may be truthfully credited with being in some 
measure responsible for its splendid developinent along metropolitan lines. Notably 
in the establishment and conduct of the restaurant attached to his hostelry has he 
appealed to the especial favor of commercial travelers and other visitors to Red 
Bank, in that it is open and well equipped for admirable service every day in the 
year from six o'clock in the morning until midnight, an exceptional accommodation 
in towns of much greater population. An illustration of M.r. Frick's abiding faith 
in the stability of its institutions and his fidelity to the interest of his native place 
is afforded by the following paragraph which occupies the final page of his menu. 

"It is the verdict, freely expressed, of the traveling public, that Red Bank, for 
progressive business, good government, charming homes, splendid schools, and 



72 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

excellent characteristics generally, is not surpassed by any city in the state of New 
Jersey. It has been, is, and will continue to be the aim of the proprietor of th« 
Sheridan Hotel to afford such accommodations to its patrons as shall be in keeping 
with the enviable reputation of the city. To that end neither effort nor expense 
will be spared in providing thoroughly well appointed sleep'ng apartments, a gener- 
ously equipped larder, and prompt and efficient service, and satisfactory entertain- 
ment generally." 

Frederick Frick was born October 4, 1869, and is a son of George and Susannah 
(Soffel) Frick, natives of Alsace-Lorraine, who came as children to the United 
States with older members of their respective famil-es. Both the Fricks and the 
Soffels were temporarily located in New York, whence they came to Red Bank. 
Frederick Frick attended the public schools of Red Bank, and as a youth 
of fourteen entered th€ employment of W. A. French & Company, whole- 
Sale liquor dealers, by whom he was rapidly promoted until he had attained the fore- 
manship of the sales and shipping departments, the duties of which position he 
fulfilled efficiently for a period of nine years. In 1893 he established a cafe and 
restaurant on Front street. Red Bank, which he conducted for three years. During 
the latter period Mr. Frick, who is a general athlete, devoted a considerable share 
of his time to professional bicycle riding, winning the championship of Monmouth 
county for two years, and other honors, including the skating championship. In 
1898, in partnership association with J. Edgar Brower, he established the Sheridan 
Hotel (Front street, opposite Broad), the edifice having been erected for the firm 
by Mr. John W. Stout, Jr. In the following year Mr. Frick purchased his partner's 
interest in the establishment. ?nd has scored one of the significant business suc- 
cesses of Red Bank. A recent addition to the place of a Brunswick-Balke-Collender 
Company bowling alley has served to popularize his resort locally, while the general 
•excellence of his hostelry and his unfailing courtesy have won for him an enviable 
reputation with the traveling public. Incidentally it may be mentioned that the erec- 
tion of the one hundred foot rear addition to his hotel building, which is occupied 
by the bowling alley, affords the most convenient way of access, through well lighted 
rooms, to the river front for winter sports, as well as to the Monmouth Boat Club 
in the summer season, "Mr. Frick permitting its general use for the purpose. 

Mr. Frick was married March 4, 1899, to Matilda, daughter of Mr. George P. 
Kuhl, of Red Bank. Mr. and Mrs. Frick have two children, Ethel and Frederick, 
and reside in the old homestead. No. 45 Shrewsbury avenue. 



GEORGE W. FITHIAN, M. D. 

Fortunate is he who has back of him an ancestry honorable and distinguished and 
happy is he, if his lines of life are cast in harmony therewith. Dr. Fithian, of this 
review, conies of a family whose history will bear the closest investigation, for 
through many generations the men of the name have been diligent, patriotic and res- 
olute, and the wives and daughters, women of gentle courtesy and refinement. The 
ancestry is traced back in direct line to William and Martha Fithian. The former, 
a native of England, came to America prior to the year 1640, making the journey 
across the Atlantic with a colony that settled in Lynn, Massachusetts. The name 
was sometimes spelled Pythian, but the present orthography has always been followed 
by the biaiich of the family to which our subject belongs. 

After lesiding for a time in Massachusetts, William Fithian removed to East 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 73 

Hampton, on Long Island, where he died about tlie year 1680. His last will and 
testament was dated December 11, 1678, and his children were Enoch, Samuel, Sarah, 
Hannah and Martha. The Cumberland county l)ranch of the family is descended 
from Samuel Fithian. but many of the name are still found at East Hampton, 

Samuel Fithian, the second son of William and Margaret Fithian, was married 
on the 6th of March. 167Q, to Priscilla Burnet, a daughter of Thomas and Mary 
Burnet, o: Southampton, Long Island, and after several children were born unto 
them they removed from Ea.sthampton, Long Island, to Fairfield, Cumberland 
county, New Jersey, between the years 1698 and 1702, locating at what is now called 
New England Roads. Their children were as follows: John, who was born Sep- 
tember I, i68i ; Josiah, who was born May 6, 1685, and married Saiah Deannis; 
Samuel, who was born April 17, i686, and married Abigail Maskel ; Esther, born 
March 6, 1691 ; Mathias, who was born February 3, 1694, and wedded Martha 
Hughes ; and William, born March 25, 1698. The eldest son, John Fithian, was mar- 
ried at New England Roads and had a daughter, Priscilla, born May i, 1702. He 
died prior to her birth in 1704; his widow married John Ogden. 

The representative in the third generation in the line of direct descent to our 
subject is Josiah Fithian. the second son of Samuel and Priscilla Fithian. He 
located at Greenwidi, Cumberland county. New Jersey, taking up his abode there 
upon a farm in 1706. He owned e.vtensive tracts of land and carried on farming on 
a large scale. He was also called upon to settle many estates and frequently acted 
as an attorney in securing adjustuient of troubles between people of the community. 
He married Sarah Dennis, and their children were as follows: John, who was 
born in 1709: Jeremiah, who was born in 1713, and married Martha Carl; Samuel, 
who was born in 1715; Hannah, who was born in 1718, and became the wife of 
Ephraim Seeley; Esther, who was born in 1721 and married Thomas Maskell; 
Joseph, who was born in 1724, and wedded Hannah Vickers ; Sarah, who was born 
in 1726 and married William Sayer; and Josiah, who was born in 1728. After the 
death of the mother of these children the father married again, but had no family 
by the second union. He was a prominent member and an elder in the Presbyterian 
church and laid the corner stone in the erection of the house of wori-hip of that 
denominaiion in Greenwich in 1735. He was recognized as a leader in public affairs 
in many ways and exerted a wide influence in matters pertaining to the general 
progress. He served as one of the judges of the county of Salem in 1732-3 and from 
I7j8 until 1740. mclu^ive. His death occurred April 3, 1741, and ihis first wife 
passed away in 1732. 

Samuel Fithian. the third child of Josiah and Sarah (Dennis) Fithian. and the 
preat-grcat-great-grandfather of our subject, was born October 12, 1715, and died 
November 2. 1777. He was married September 3. 1741, to Phebe Seeley, who died 
March 3, 1764. The same year he wedded Miss Mary Clarke. The children of the 
first union were: Hannah, who married Nathan Leake; Rachel, who became the 
wife of Daniel Clark ; Amy, who married Joseph Moore ; Joel, who married Rachel 
Holmes and, for his second wife, Elizabeth Beatty ; Elizabeth, who married Ephraim 
Seeley; Mary, who wedded Joshua Brick; Sarah, who married Thomas Brown; Ruth. 
who married David Bow'en ; Seeley, who wedded Ruth Bnrgiii and after her di'ath 
married Esther Hunt; and Samuel. 

Joel Fithian. the great-great-grandfather, was born September 29, 1748, and 
died November 9, 1821. He was married to Rachel Holmes, whose birth occurred 
January 14, 1751, and who died on the 12th of February, 1779. They had one son. 
Josiah, who was born September 3. 1776, and was married March 26. 1807. to .Mice 
Scudder. His death occurred July 14. 1843. The second wife of Joel Fithian was 
Elizabeth Beatty, whom he n'arried November 4. 1780. and who died .Xugust 6, 



74 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

1825. Their children were: Charles Bcatty, who married Mary Ewing; Saimiol, 
who wedded Sarah Holhnshead and after her deaUi married Sarali Reeves; Philip, 
who married Rebecca Bacon and for his second wife chose Sarah Reeves: Erkurries, 
who married Maria Straiten; and Enoch. 

Charles Heaty Filhian, _the great-grandfather of our sidjject, was born De- 
cember 18, 1782, and died November 21, 1858. On the 16th of January, 1805. he 
w-edded Mary Ewing. Their children were; Ann Eli^dabcth, who was born October 
14, 1805, was married February 19, 1825. to Richard Fithian. and died January 3, 
1863 ; Enos Ewing, born February 22, 1807. died September 28, 1883 ; Sarah Ewing, 
born January 2, 1809, was married November 11, 1831, to William K. Sheppard; 
Erkurries, born December 20, 1810, was married September 17, 1833, to Hannah Hard- 
ing and tlied April 12, 1896; Rachel Ewmg, born August lO, 1813. was married 
October 2^, 1833, to Robert G. Garrison, and died July 18, 1842; Samuel R., born 
August 30, 1815, married Amelia Bacon; Christina C, born April 23, 1817, was 
married March 6, 1839, to Thomas Glaspell, and died July 10, 1896; Mary Clark 
was Ixjrn September 16, 1821 ; and Emily Seeley, who was burn Septendier 13, 1823, 
became the wife of Samuel F. Lawrence. 

Erkurries Fithian, the grandfather of the Doctor, was born at Greenwich. New 
Jersey, December 20, 1810, and acquired his education in the public schools. In 
early life he engaged in farming, but afterward carried on merchandising in Phila- 
delphia and Green\iioh, making his home in the latter place. He was also the own'ei 
Crf a nuniljer of vessels and was president of the board of directors of a steamboat 
company. His varied business interests brought to him a handsome competence, 
that enabled him to spend the last thirty years of his life in retirement from labor, 
his income from his investments beii;g sufficient to supply him wth all the necessaries 
and many of the comforts of life. He held a number of local offiires and gave his 
political support to the Republican party. He was a member of Brearley Lodge, 
F. & A. M., and three of his sons w'ere also connected with the Masonic fraternity, 
the family zealously advocating that organization. His death occurred April 12, 
1896, and the community thereby lost one of its valued representatives. In 1833 
he was married to Hannah Harding, who was born October 21, 181 1. and died April 
10, 1893. They had five children: George B., who was born February 15, 1834, 
married Harriet Mason ; Martha Ewing, who was born March 29, 1837, became the 
wife of Joseph Biaine and after his death married John F, VVheaton : John Nelson, 
who was born December is. 1842. married Abigail Moore; James Hampton, who 
was born January 16, 1845, died May 22, 1871, leaving a'widow, whose maiden name 
was Sarah Jane Waller; and Samuel Patterson, who completed the family. 

The last named was the father of the Doctor, He was born March 27. 1850, in 
Greenwich, Cumberland county, and obtained his education in the public schools of 
his native town and in Shiloh Academy. He learned the blacksmith trade imder the 
direction of his brother George and followed thai pur.suit for twenty years, or until 
the fall of 1S87, when he became a candidate for the office of county clerk. He was 
defeated at that time, but the following year he was elected surrogate by a majority 
of eight hundred, his term continuing until 1893. He was then re-elected by a ma- 
jority of two thousand and held the office until 1898, discharging his duties in a 
most crcdital'le manner, which fact was indicated by the increased vote given him at 
his second election. Since his retirement he has been engaged in the real estate 
business and is also connected with other business enterprises, for he is a man of 
resourceful ability and his efforts have contributed to the prosperity of several coni- 
n;ercial concerns. He is now president of the Crystal ice and Cold Storage Company 
and a director of the Bridgeton Gas Company, Li politics he is a stalwart Re- 
ptiblican and is now chairman of the executive committee of his party, while in 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 7S 

former years he '.ong served as chairman of the county board of assessors. He 
is past master of Brearley Lodge. F. & .^. M. and a member of the Junior Order of 
United American Mechanics. In all hfe's relations he has commanded the respect 
and esteem of his fellow men and is one of the prominent and influential residents 
of Bridgetoii. He was married September 30, 1870, to Margaret K. Stetser, who 
was born June 2, 1850, and died October 2^. 1898. They had three children: Erkur- 
ries, who was born February 4. 1872, is now assistant supervisor of the Camden & 
.\niboy division of the Pennsylvania Railroad; James Hampton, and George Wash- 
ington are the younger members of the family. Two daughters have passed away 
— Martha W., who was born July ;;, 1S76, died on the 23d of August of the same 
year; and Maggie L., born December 16. 1890, died on the 3d of January, 1891. 

The younirest son of the family is Dr. Fithi;\n, of this review. He was born in 
Greenwich, Cumberland county. New Jersey. July 3. 1876, and pursued his literary 
education in the high school of Bridgeton and in the West Jersey Academy, being 
{.-raduated from both institutions with high honors. Desiring to engage in the prac- 
tice of medicine as a life work, he began preparation for practice in 1895 as a 
student in the University of Pennsylvania and was graduated in the class of 1899. 
Soon afterward he was appointed resident physician and surgeon of the Cooper 
Hospital and on the expiration of his term of service in that capacity he began 
the practice of his profession in Perth .^mboy. He is a member of the Nu Sigma 
Xu, a medical fraternity, and is widely recognized as one of the most capable among 
tiie younger physicians of this part of the state. He reads widely and understand- 
ingly and is accurate in applying his knowledge to the needs of suffering humanity, 
so that his erforts are attended with most gratifying success. 



HON. WiLLlA.M S. JACKSON. 

Hon William Scott Jackson, a pharmacist and mayor of Belmar, Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, was born November 13, 1845, in Fulton township, Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, a son of J. Morris and Eleanor J. (Scott) Jackson. He traces 
his English ancestry, who were of Quaker persuasion, back- over two and a half 
centuries. Isaac Jackson, a son of .\nthony, emigrated to the United States in 
1725 and settled in London Grove, Chester county, Pennsylvania. The father of 
this founder was a devout Friend, and both in England and Ireland had suffered 
imprisonment on account of his religious principles. The line descends from Isaac, 
born in 1665. through William, born in 1705; John, in 1748; Joel, in 1776; and Jona- 
than, born September 13, 1810, who became the father of Hon. William Scott. 
Among these ancestors, John Jackson was a scientific man and a botanist of promise ; 
Joel Jackson, his son and the grandfather of Hon. William Scott, inherited his 
father's love of nature and was a man of exceptional intellectual endowments. He 
inherited the homestead farm, a domain of five hundred and thirty-two acres. He 
was prominent in the society of Friends and was a literary man of local distinction. 
Jonathan Morris Jackson, in turn, inherited the homestead farm, was educated in 
the Friends' s-chool. was prominent in the society, was twice married, and by his 
first wife. Eleanor, had six children, and by his second marriage, to Margaret 
Wright, had three children. 

William S. Jackson attended the public schools and the MillersviUe Normal 
School. The Civil war breaking out while at the latter school, young Jackson threw 
down his books at seventeen years of age, and in July, 1862, joined Company B, 
First Maryland Light .Artillery, Captain Alonzo Snow commanding. This company 



76 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

was attached to the Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, and was sent into the Shen- 
aufloah valley of Virginia and took part in Hunter's raid, during which young 
Jackson was captured and sent to Andersonville. During his imprisonment of ten 
months his weight was reduced from one hundred and fifty to seventy-four pounds, 
and he received disabilities from which he has never recovered. Resuming his studies 
at the Millersville Normal School at the close of the war, he was graduated in the 
class of 1868. He soon afterward sold his interest in the Lancaster farm and lived 
in retirement until 1885, when he removed to Behnar, New Jersey. Here he became 
associated with H. H. Yard as superintendent of outside work in the conduct of his 
real estate improvements, continuing until the winter of 1894. In 1895 he purchased 
the pharmacy of F. B. Philbrick in Belmar, and in connection with it now operates 
another pharmacy during the summer months at Hotel Columbia. 

Mr. Jackson is a member of the Penn Hill Friends' Meeting of Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, is an influential Republican, is a member of the county com- 
mittee, of which he has been secretary for a number of years, and since his resi- 
dence in Belmar has served on the board of education and as district clerk of thd 
board. He was for seven years assessor of Fulton township, Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, and at Belmar was borough commissioner for five years. In 1895, 
without opposition, he was elected mayor of Belmar, and has been continuously re- 
elected to that position since that time. In 1897, under President McKinley's admin- 
istration, he was appointed postmaster of Belmar. He is a member of Captain 
Snow Post, No. 461, G. A. R., at Pleasant Grove, Pennsylvania; of Washington 
Lodge, No. 156,, F. & A. M., of Quarryville, Pennsylvania; of Chapter No. 43, R. 
A. M., and Commandery No. 13, of Lancaster; and of Silver Lake Council, No. 92, 
J. O. U. A. M., of Belmar. 

In November. 1877, Mr. Jackson was united in marriage to Hannah R., a daugh- 
ter of Andrew Stuart, of Christiana, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. 



JOHN B?.0\VN.. 



There are few nier, who can more justly claim the proud American title of a 
self-made man than John Brown, who at the early age of fourteen years started out 
in life for himself. His educational privileges were limited and no special advan- 
tages fitted hnn for the cares and responsibilties of life. He was industrious, deter- 
mined, ambitious and resolute, however, and these qualities stood him instead of 
fortune, enablng Iiim to overcome the difficulties and obstacles in his path and work 
his way steadily upward to the plane where success places the laurel upon the victor's 
brow. He to-day ranks among the leading farmers of Monmouth county, and his 
creditable life work has won him the respect and commendation of all who are fa- 
miliar with his history. 

Mr. Brown is a native sou of Monmouth county, his birth having occurred on 
Shark river, on the 22d of October. 1819. His parents were William and Jemima 
■(Newberry) Brown. The father was a farmer by occupation and was a soldier in 
the war of 1812, while his father, John Brown, also followed the tilling of the soil 
as a means of livelihood and was a gallant soldier in the Revolutionary war. On 
the maternal side our subiect's ancestors were among the early settlers of Monmouth 
county. At the early age of fourteen years John Brown, the subject of this review, 
left ihe parental roof and went to sea as a cabin boy. and for fourteen years was 
cuTployed as a common sailor, several times visiting South America and the West 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 77 

Indies, ami also made a voyage to Mexico and Central American ports. In 1845 
he was iniited in marriage with Miss Jane Newnian, and two years later, at the age 
of twenty-eight years, he decided to engage in business near his old home, where he 
has since been engaged in fishing and farming. His farm is a beautiful tract of 
land situated in the outskirts of Belrhar, and he has now divided a part of his land 
into city lots, which have become very valuable. Mrs. Brown was called to the 
home beyond on the 21st of Octolx>r, i8-g. after a long and happy married life. 
They were the parents of thirteen children. si.N. of whom are still living, namely: 
Mrs. Hannah White, a resident of .\sbury Park; Eveline, the wife of John Pierce, 
keeper of the life saving station of Avon ; Anthony, John and Garrett, who are 
painters by trade; and Russell W., baggage agent for the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company at Asbury Park. Mr. Brown is now (he oldest li\ing resident of Belmar, 
and throughout his active career he has been prominently identified with the interests 
cf the co'.inty, standing to-day as one of its most honored and highly esteemed 
residents. 

■» « » 

HERBERT SUTHERLAND COOLEV, M. D. 

Herbert Sutherland Cooley, M D.. is a member of the medical profession, 
residing and practicing at No. 4J -\tlantic street, Keyport, New Jersey. He is 
the son of George F. and Kate T. (Sutherland) Cooley, and was born in New Paltz, 
Ulster county, New York, on November 12, 1872. He acquired his primary educa- 
tion in private schools, and subsequently attended the Peekskill Military Academy 
pnd the Vieuland Preparatory School. He later studied lay at the Columbia Law 
School and then entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons. Columbia Uni- 
versity, at Fifty-ninth street. New York City. After graduating he served in the 
Koosevelt and Sloan Maternity Hospitals, the Vanderbilt Clinic and the New York 
Lying-in Hospital, and was in 1897 resident physician to the New York County Pen- 
itentiary on Blackwell's Island. Since then Dr. Cooley has been engaged in private 
practice. 

Doctor Cooley married Elizabeth N. .\very, daughter of Thomas N. and Eliza 
.Avery, and to tiiis union three children have been born, two of whom are living. 
The Doctor is a n;ember of a number of medical societies and fraternal organiza- 
tions, and is enjoying a very extensive practice. 



REV. CHARLES EVERETT. 

The life and achievements of him whose name heads this ^ketch. worthily illus- 
trate what may be attained by persistent and painstaking effort. He is a man of 
progressive ideas, noted for nobility and integrity of character, gentleness of man- 
ner and pioniptness in all things. He has "high and peculiar gifts of nature." im- 
pelling his mind to creative imagery of the highest type, which enables him to 
reach conclusions seemingly by intuition. As a minister Mr. Everett has few su- 
periors in the east. Although versatile he is not superficial ; exactness and thorough- 
ness characterize all his attainments. His intellectual possessions are unified an.l 
assimilated; ihey are his own. 

Charles Everett was born near Princeton. New Jersey, and is the second son 
of Charles R. and Julia ■^nn Everett. Shortly after his birth the parents removed to 
Dayton, where thev still reside, .'\fter completing the public school course Charles 



78 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

attended the Biainard Institute, of Cranbury, New Jersey, for three years, after 
which he entered the Rutgers College grammar school, of New Brunswick, where 
he was subsequently graduated. He then entered Rutgers College, graduating in 
that institution in 1878 and receiving the degree of B. A. In the following autumn 
he entered the Princeton Theological Seminary, where he was graduated in 1881, 
and also received from his alma mater the degree of M. A. He was licensed to 
preach by the Presbytery of Monmouth in April, 1880, and was ordained and installed 
pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Englishtown, New Jersey, on the 14th of 
June, 1881. On .the 8th of the following September he married Miss S. Ella Pol- 
hcnms, oi Middlebush, New Jersey. At the close of the year 1892 Mr. Everett 
resigned his pastorate of the Englishtown charge in order to take up the labors in 
the First Presbyterian church of Belmar, New Jersey, where he was installed on 
Jhe 1st of February, 1S93, and three .vears later, in 189(1, Rutherford College conferred 
en him the honorary degree of D. D. 

In the early history of Belmar a Union church was built on Tenth a\'enue, where 
;,all denominations worshipped and toward which they all likewise contributed. In 
this Union church building, on the 20th of March, 1877, the First Presbyterian 
church was organized with eight members, and for some time this newly organized 
church continued to worship in the I'nion building, but later their services were 
-held in Bitner Hall, on the corner of 'Ninth avenue and F street. Their first chu.rch 
building was erected for summer service, on the corner of Seventh avenue and A 
street, in which the first service was held on the 4th of July, 1S80, and since that 
time ■ services have been regularly held during the summer months for the benefit 
of the population who tojourn here during the heated season, the character of these 
services being undenominational and fraternal. In the year 1881 the building on 
the corner of Ninth avenue and E street was erected, where during the larger part 
• of the year the regular services of the church are held. The work of the church has 
been continuous, and its influence has been marked and beneficial. I'he present 
pastor of the church is ihe Rev. Chariots Everett, D. D., who began his labors here 
on the 1st of January, 1892, and is the third pastor of the church. He has made 
of life a grand success, and were one to seek for its secret it would be found in 
4hat persistent purpose which has been a motive power in his life, to make the 
world brightei and better by putting to the noblest and best use, under Divine 
guidance, all that he is and has. 



HENRY D. SCOTT. 



Henry D. Scott, who owns a beautiful farm in Raritan township, Monmouth 
■county, was born near Arrowsmith"s Mills, now Raritan township, on the 13th of 
February, 1831. He is a son of the late Daniel and Mary (Long) Scott. The father 
was a millwright by trade, following that occupation throughout his entire business 
career. Bofh he and his wife were natives of New Jersey, their ancestors having 
•been among its colonial settlers. The paternal grandfather of our subject was a 
commissioned officer in the war of the Revolution, and rendered valuable service 
lo his country, but was unfortunately drowned while fording a stream with his 
command. Unto Daniel and Mary Scott were born ten children, five sons and five 
daughters, but our subject is now the only survivor of the family. The father passed 
away at the age of seventy-seven years, and the mother reached- the eighty-seventh 
■milestone on the journey of life. 

Henry D. Scott became a millwright in early life, and for many years was 





^J^^iF/t 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 79 

'also employed as a carpenter and builder, but in later life he abandoned those voca- 
tions to engage in the tilling of the soil, which he has ever since continued. He 
now owns a valuable tract of land in Raritan township, which is devoted to the 
raising of fruit and vegetables, and in this line of business he has become eminently 
successful. As a companion on the journey of life he chose Hannah Smith, who 
was born January 7, 1844, but this union was terminated in death on Ihe 21st of 
August, 1871, when the wife was called to her final reward. She bore her hustand 
six children. Mr, Scott has been a second time married, January 26, 1875, when 
Mrs, Ada L, (Eastmond) Havens became his wife. She was born on the Sth of 
September, 1846, and is a daughter of Langford and Anna M. (Bridgcman) East- 
mond. Mrs. Scott's first husband was Charles Gordon Havens, who died May 14, 
1869, Her paternal grandfather, John Eastmond, at one time owned a very large 
tract of land, which extended from Raritan Bay south, and contained over a thou- 
sand acres. Her maternal grandfather, Thomas Bridgeman, was a florist and 
gardener, and was also a writer oTTiuich abihTy, having been the author of several 
books pertaining to those subjects, vi-hile her mother was also a well known authoress. 
The union of our subject and wife has been blessed with two sons, — Langford E., who 
was born Xovember 2, 1875, and Grover C, born February 16, 1886, and both are still 
under the parental roof. The family attend the Methodist Episcopal church at Keans- 
burg. In his political relations Mr. Scott is identified with the Republican party, but the 
honors and emoluments of office have had little attraction for him, as he prefers 
rather to devote his time and attention to his business affairs. He is numbered 
among the esteemed citizens of his locality, and is a progressive and successful fruit 
grower and gardener, 

■» » » 

PETER VAN KIRK. 

Peter Van Kirk, of Heddus Corners, New Jersey, was born March 26, 1845, at 
Holmdel, Monmouth county. New Jersey, The first ancestors of the family to 
settle in this country emi.arrated from Holland, There were two brothers ; one having 
settled on Long Island and the other took up his residence in Coltsneck, Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey, where he was one of the earliest settlers. The grand- 
father of Peter Van Kirk resided mi Coltsneck and followed farming as an occu- 
pation. He was married and became the father of the following named children: 
Joseph, Stephen, John, Ann (\vife cf A. S. Church), Mrs. Oliver Greene, Henry 
and Mrs. Morris. The father of these children died in Coltsneck at an advanced 
age. Henry Van Kirk, father of Peter Van Kirk, was born in Coltsneck, where he 
resided all his life, pursuing the occupation of farming. He served for three years 
in the Fourteenth Regiment of New Jersey, under Colonel Truix, and participated 
in several en^agcmerits. He was also a member of the staff of Colonel Truix. He 
<iicd while in active service at Malvern Hill, being then between the age of forty and 
forty-five years. He was married to Miss Amy Crawford, and their children were: 
Alexander; Peter; James, who was a member of the Second Regiment of New 
Jersey, was taken prisoner and confined in Libby Prison, from there being trans- 
ferred to Memphis, Tennessee, where he died in 1863, from the exposure he endured 
while confined in prison. He was unmarried. Charles married Mary Alice Patterson, 
and they are residents of Red Bank, New Jersey. The mother of these ch.ddren is 
still living, and is now seventy-eight yesrs of 3ge, 

Peter \"an Kirk, second son of Henry and .Amy Van Kirk, received his education 
in the pu!)lic .schools of his native town, and then turned his attention to acquiring 



So HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

the trade of blacksmith, uhich he has followed as an occupation, taking up in addition 
agricultural pursaits on a small scale. On August 30, 1862. when then only seventeen 
years old, he enlisted as a pr-vate in Company G, Twenty-ninth Regiment of New 
jersey. His regiment participated in the battle of Fredericksburg, where he con- 
tracted typhoid fever, and was confined in the Patent Office Hospital at Washington, 
D. C. He received his discharge from the army February 28, 1SO3. He is a mem- 
ber of the John N. .\rrowsmifh Post, No. 61. 

Mr. Van Kirk married Miss Mary Elizabeth Alley, daughter of J. George and 
Gertrude (.Thompson; Alley, of Monmouth county. Their children are: Amy L. ; 
Elizabeth, wife of .Augustus Crevin ; James H., who married Miss Mary H. Plank, 
of Brooklyn, New York ; George B., who died in infancy ; Sarah Catherine, wife 
of Asher L. Tilton, who reside at Red Bank, and their children are Raymond L. 
and Blanche; George A.; Mary; John and William. 



L. D. VANNOTE. 



J. H. Vannote is a prominent business man of Point Pleasant, New Jersey, whs 
in public service has contributed largely toward the development and prosperity 
of that village. He is a native of the place and was born February 25, 1855. His 
father, William Vannote, was for many years actively connected with the life saving 
service, stationed at Chadwick, in which he distinguished himself on many notable 
occasions' and was awarded several medals of honor, conferred under authority of 
Congress. He retired from the service some si.xteen years prior to his death, which 
occurred at Point Pleasant at the age of seventy-four years. He was a Democrat 
in politics. He was married to Lydia Burge, and they became the parents of 
five children: Mrs. Mary Britton ; L. D. Vannote, the subject of this sketch; Mrs. 
Adelia Rickitts ; Mrs. Julia Erickson ; and Warren Vannote, who is engaged in the 
express and livery business at Point Pleasant. Peter Vannote, the paternal grand- 
father, was also a resident of Point Pleasant, where he died at the advanced age 
of one hundred and four years. The maternal grandfather, Myrick Burge. was 
a farmer at Manasquan, and was twice married. By his first wife were born two 
children Myrrick and Sarah Ann Conover. His second wife, Harriet .\l!cn. bore 
John, Harry, Fanny and Samuel. 

J. H. Vannote was educated in the public schools of his native town. He fol- 
lowed various industrial pursuits as a boy, and later was a sailor on coasting vessels 
for about two years, his business consisting of sailing along the coast, making trips 
as far south as South America. He was later engaged in the ice cream and con- 
fectionery business at Point Pleasant, in which he continued until taking up the 
hotel business in which he has since been engaged. 

He is a Democrat in politics, and has for many years taken an active interest 
in local public affairs, being a recognized leader of his party in that sectio:i of the 
county. He has served three terms as mayor of Point Pleasant. In 1893 he was 
a candidate for that office against William Sagain, receiving one hundred and twenty- 
one votes, tying his opponent, in favor of whom he withdrew. He was again 3 
candidate in 1894 and defeated his former opponent, Mr. Sagain, by twenty-four votes 
in the poll of one hundred and forty votes. He was re-elected in 1895, over O. S. 
Haven, whom he defeated by fourteen votes, and served for two years. In 1897 
he was re-elected over E. H. Murphy, defeating him by fifty-eight votes in a poll 
of one hundred and forty-five or fifty, and served another two-years term. During 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 8i 

his administration as mayor many important public improvements were brought 
about, among which was the introduction of trolley cars to Point Pleasant^ and the 
building of an electric light plant: besides which, many important streets were opened 
and much paving was done. His was altogether the most successful and useful ad- 
ministration in the history of the village. He was elected assessor in 1899, by a 
large majority, having previously served for three years as a school trustee. He is 
a member of Metideconk Tribe, Independent Order of Red Men. 

Mr. Vannote married Ella Egbert, a daughter of John W. Egbert, and of this 
marriage were born five children : Marion, William E., Marion Scott, Beulah May 
and Deborah Eldo. 

« ■ » 

TALI ESEX MORGAN. 

Tali Esen Morgan, of Ocean Grove, is well known not only as a master of his art 
in musical circles, but as a veritable genius in his great ability for organizing and 
maintaining successful choral societies, not the least of his endeavors in- this line 
being the Ocean Grove Festival Chorus, which numbers nearly five hundred voices. 
Mr. Morgan was born at Llangynwyd, shire of Glamorgan, South Wales, just 
one day after the birth of Pre^'ident Roosevelt. The Morgan family originally owned 
large tracts of land in the glen or valleys of the country, from whence the name 
of Glamorgan originates. liis father, Thomas Llyfnwy Morgan, wasj a noted 
historian, in fact probably the greatest writer of local history the provinces ever 
produced. Prior to hi; coming to the United States he conducted business in the 
town of ilaesteg. In 1876, with his family of ten sons and one daughter, he came 
to this country and located at Scranton, Pennsylvania, where he resided, up to the 
time of his death, which occurred in January, 1884. -The latter years of his life 
were spent in quiet retirement, he having abandoned active business pursuits. He 
was prominently and widely known in Welsh musical circles by his literary nom de 
plume of Llyfnwy, and never as Mr. Morgan. He was an extensive contributor to 
various Welsh nswspapers in .this i-niintry. He was a member of the Congregational 
church, and was also well known as a leader of the various Welsh societiesu He 
possessed great executive ability and untiring energy. He died at the age of sev- 
enty years, and his widow, who bore the maiden name of Gwen Beven, is still living 
at the age of sixty-nine years. Their ten children are as follows : John ; Tali Esen ; 
Cyhwyd; Caswallon ; .Aneurin ; Cadivor; Glyndwr; Emrys ; Golyddan and Olwen. . 

Tali Esen Morgan, second son of Thomas and Gwen Morgan, was educated in 
the public schools of Maesteg, Wales. He completed his schooling at the age of 
sixteen years, at which time he began to learn the art of printing in connection with 
the publishing business, in which line he has been more or less identified all his life, 
having published at different times "The Cambro- American ;" the "Saturdai' Re- 
view:" and the "Pennsylvania People," a weekly paper, all at Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania. Prior to his career as a publisher, in 1887. he went west to Cherokee,, Iowa, 
where he was engaged as a clerk until he returned to Scranton. He established 
the National Press Bureau in New York City in 1892, which he personally con- 
ducted for eight years, and while thus engaged originated many methods tliat are 
yet practiced by the International Press Association, the successor of the business 
ol his establishment. 

Music had occupied more or less of his attention, 'and it was at this lime lie 

entered more particularly into this line of work, and shortly thereafter he org.anized 

a choir in the Washington Square Methodist Episcopal church, which under his 

leadership proved most successful. At the same time he taught classes in sight 

6 



82 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

reading and musical theory. .\s a teaclicr lie became so popular and his classes 
increased in membership so rapidly that he was ouliged to give up his newspaper 
.•ind literary work to devote his entire time to music. Anton Seidel. Waller Damrosch 
and others equally ceb-brated in the world of music were among his admirers, and 
recognized in him one of the greatest masters m the control of voices in chorus. .^t 
the present time he has over two thousand choral singers under his direction ; his 
specialty is teaching sight reading of music. Aside from the great work just de- 
scribed he has established an International Correspondence School cf Music, in 
which his nictho.d of teaching is peculiarly his own. A few years ago he came to 
Ocean Grove with Mr. Damrosch as the conductor of his chorus, and the im- 
pression he created was so favorable that he was sought by the Ocean Grove Camp 
Meeting Association to become musical director of its entertainments and concerts, 
a position which he accepted in 1889. and which he has continued to fill with ever 
increasing popularity and success ever since. His Ocean Grove Festival Chorus 
numbers nearly five hundred voices, and has rendered many oratorios, including 
such iworks as "Elijah." "Messiah." "Creation." "Holy City." "Stabat Mater" and 
many others. Mr. Morgan is not only the musical director, but is in full charge 
as manager of all the concerts and entertainments given under the auspices of the 
Ocean Grove Association. He also manages the commercial affairs, and is in touch 
v/ith all the details connected with that immense corporation, both financial and 
professional. Aside from his work at Ocean Grove Mr. Morgan has conducted some 
of the greatest cor.certs ever presented to the American public, having paid as high 
as one thousand dollars a night for a single artist. At the present time (1902) his 
orchestra numbers fifty-five. His celebrated festival choir is well known in New 
York City, where he has given several concerts in Carnegie Hall. 

Mr. Morgan also occupies the responsible position of president of the board 
of trade of Ocean Grove, and under his control and direction the entire institution 
has undergone a complete revolution along practical lines. He resides permanently 
at Ocean Grove. He was united in marriage to Miss Mary J. Jones, of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania. Their si.x children are as follows: Ethel; Edith; Oscar; Kays; Paul; 
and Marion Morgan. 



GEORGE ALBERT BOURGEOIS. 

George A. Bourgeois, of .Atlantic City. New Jersey, who has won a position of 
prominence as a member of the .\tlantic county bar. is a native of New Jersey, born 
in Mauricctown, Cumberland county. May 15. 1864. His early education was ac- 
quired in the public schools of Morristown. and this was supplemented by a two- 
years course in the Woodstovvn Academy. Early in life he determined to follow the 
daw as a profession, and after completing his academical course, he entered the law 
department of the University of Pennsylvania, from which he was graduated in the 
year 1888, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. In June of th.- same year he began 
the practice of his profession in the courts of Philadelphia. He subsequently entered 
the law office of E. B. Leaming. of Camden. New Jersey, and after reading law^ there 
for one year, in 1889 he was admitted to practice as an attorney in the courts of the 
state, and in 1802 he became a counsellor. 

Prior to his admission to the bar Mr. Bourgeois taught school in New Jersey for 
years. He has been throughout his life a most intelligent student, well read in pro- 
fessional and general literature, and possesses special gifts as a mathematician and 
accountant. For three years he was professor of mathemat cs in Peirce Business 
College of Philadelphia, a position in which he acquitted h'nis.lf most creditably. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 83 

Mr. Bourgeois, through patient and untiring application to study and research 
along the line of his work, and with intelligent enthusiasm and energy, has attained 
a foremost place in the ranks of his profession, and a position of recognized use- 
fulness in the community. Mr. Bourgeois is one of the board of directors of Chelsea 
National Bank and solicitor for that institution. 



COURTNEY HILLIARD. 

Captain Courtney Hilliard. who in early life followe-d the sea, but for many 
years has been engaged in agricultural pursuits, is a well known and prominent res- 
ident of Madison township, Middlesex county, and is of English lineage. He traces 
his ancestry back to William Hilliard, who was a native of England and with his 
brother John came to the new world in colonial days. When the country became 
involved in war with Great Britain in an attempt to secure the right which the 
mother country had denied, John Hilliard, not desiring to engage in strife, returned 
to England, but William remained, and joining the Colonial army fought for 
liberty and independence. His heroic conduct at the battle of Trenton is a matter 
of history. He rirst became associated with the army in the capacity of sutler, but 
subsequently entered the ranks and was in active service until honorably discharged. 
Mr. Hilliard located in Middlesex county and was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Berlew, through whom he inherited some real estate. Their children were: Peter, 
Nathaniel, William, Margaret, Hannah, Mary and Margaret, the second of thit 
name. 

Of this family William Hilliard was the father of our subject. He was born 
in Middlesex county in 1799 and devoted much of his time to the coasting trade, 
owning the vessel which he sailed. Finally he abandoned a sea-faring life for that 
of farming and became the owner of one hundred and eighty acres of rich land, 
which he profitably cultivated. He married Hulda Lambert, of Lambertsville, New 
Jersey, and they became the parents of the following named: James, who was born 
in 1826, and is deceased ; Mary A., who was born in 1828 and has also passed away ; 
Sarah C, whose birth occurred in 1831 and who has now departed this life: Mercy, 
who was born in 1833 and is now dead ; William, born in 1837 ; Courtney, born in 
1840; and Lucinda, born in 1843. The father died August 12, 1857, and the mother, 
surviving him for a number of years, passed away on the ist of January, 1871. 
They were Baptists in religious faith. 

Captain Courtney Hilliard was reared and educated in Madison township and 
in early life followed the exami)le of his father and became a sea-faring man. He 
owned and commanded a vessel which plied between South Amboy and various 
northern ports. For ten years he vas thus engaged and in 1865 he began farming. 
He owns fifty acres of land in his home farm and this is devoted to the production 
of grain and the vegetables best adapted to this climate. In addition he also has 
valuable tracts of clay and sand producing land and some town lots. In public affairs 
in his community he is promir.ent and has held the office of township committeeinan, 
commissioner of appeals and for ten years was school trustee, the cause of educa- 
tion finding in him a warm friend. 

The Captain was united in marriage to Miss Lucretia Asore, a daughter of 
Stephen and Dela Asore, the wedding being celebrated on the 29th of March, 1873. 
They Jiave had no children of their own but early adopted Amelia Hilliard, who on 
December 26, 1897, became the wife of LaFayette C. Millspaugh, and they have one 
child, Courtno H. Millspaugh, born October 20. 1898. Mr. Millspaugh was born in 



84 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Monmouth county, August 2.3, 1876; and is a son of Charles H. and Jennie E. 
(ConoverJ Milhpaugh. The tornier was a son of a clergyman of the Reformed 
church and the latter was a daughter of LaFayelte Conover. LaFayette C. Millspaugb 
is now operatmg the farm upon which his accomplished wife was reared and they, 
together with Captain Hilliard and his estimable wife, constitute a happy and highly 
respected household. 

■» ' » 

JOHN FORG REYA. 

There are not living within the borders of Monmouth county, New Jersey, many 
men of French nativity, but most of them do credit as citizens alike to the American 
republic and the French republic. One the best known of these is John F. Reya, a 
prominent farmer and fruit grower near Matawan. 

John F. Reya was born April 15, 1856, in France, where he was reared and 
educated in the public schools and where he learned the silk weaver's trade, at which 
he worked until, at the age of sixteen years, he came to America. For several years 
he was employed at his trade in Jersey City and Paterson. He then engaged in 
farming and fruit growing and in 1893 purchased his present place, which he planted 
largely to peacTi and pear trees. He is a successful and enthusiastic fruit grower, 
a genial and companionable friend and neighbor. 

Mr. Reya was married March 7, 1880, to Anna M. Schenck, a daughter of 
Peter I. and Elizabeth (Randolph) Schenck, and a native of Holmdel, who was 
born June 2S, 1861. Peter I. Schenck was a successful farmer near Morrisville, Mon- 
mouth county, and he was a direct descendant of the Schencks of Holmdel, a dis- 
tinguished family, which is represented in different biographical sketches in this 
work. He died January 25, 1879, aged fifty-one years. His wife, Eliazbeth (Ran- 
dolph) Schenck, was a native of Jersey City, and was descended from the famous 
family of Randolphs, of Virginia, which bore such a conspicuous part in the early 
history of our coimtry and of which John Randolph of Roanoke w-as the most dis- 
tinguished member. She died in 1888, aged sixty-two years. Mr. and Mrs. Schenck 
possessed fine abilities' and the highest character, and were useful, honored members 
of society. 

John F. and Anna M. (Schenck) Reya have children as follows, mentioned in 
the order of their nativity: Lizzie A., born June 2, 1881; Clara, born January 31, 
1884; George P., born August 10, 1886; William O., born March 14, 1889; Alice B., 
born August 24, 1892 ; and Gladys, born July 30, 1899. The family are zealous mem- 
bers of the Baptist church of Holmdel. Mr. Reya is a Democrat in politics, but he 
does not take an active interest in the affairs of his party. 



STEPHEN HEARN. 



Stephen Hearn. the popular proprietor of the Central Hotel nt Morristown, 
Middlesex county, is a native of Kcyport, this state, his birth having there occurred 
in l8S3, his parents being John A. and Hannah (Reynolds) Hearn. He was reared 
j.nd educated in Kingsbury, New Jersey, attending the common schools, and in 
early life he followed agricultural pursuits, but finally began dealing in oysters 
and clams, the excellent oyster beds in this region furnishing ample opportunity for 
that line of trade. Mr. Hearn owned his own sloops, the A. J. Hegerty and the 




f'-i^.^iS^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 85 

Armegicn Terry, and in a short time he had gained a very extensive patronage, and 
therefore enjoyed a very liberal income. Eventually he removed to Keyport, where 
he became interested in the hotel and bottling business. For five years he conducted 
his dual enterprise and in the hotel were found many patrons, while the products 
of his bottling establishment were widely sold. In 1892. however, he left Keyport 
and came to Morristown, where he has continued in the same line of business, being 
the proprietor of the Central Hot^ mrd also owner of bottling works. Around his 
hotel are grounds large enough to enable him to raise his own vegetables, which are 
therefore brought tc the table fresh. The cuisine is all that could be desired and 
everything about the place is kept in first class condition, Mr. Hearn earnestly de- 
siring to please his patrons and therefore putting forth every effort for their con- 
venience and comfort. 

While residing in Keyport Mr. Hearn was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Hines. the wedding being celebrated on the 28th of December, 1878, and unto them 
were born two children: Joseph, who was born in 1880: and Francis, born in i88t, 
but the latter is now deceased. The mother was a native of Keyport and her death 
occurred in that city. In 1S92 Mr. Hearn was again married, his second union being 
with Mrs .\nnie (Loesch) Johnson, who by her former husband had two sons, Joseph 
and Francis Johnson. In his social relations Mr. Hearn is connected with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Red Men, of which he is a past sachem. He is a gentleman of 
unfailing courtesy, of genial manner and jovial disposition, and is a most popular 
landlord, winning many friends among his patrons as well as in the community in 
which he resides. 

» « » 

ADELBERT S. D. LEIGH. 

Adelbert S. D. Leigh, a promiiT';n"t~CiTizeri"arl't~ex-mayor of the town of Neptune 
City, now Avon, has gained his position in the community through earnest work 
•ind honest endeavor, and though he has walked by devious paths, and turned his 
hand to occupations widely differing from each other, at the present time he has a 
large and constantly increasing patronage as a dealer in flour, hay and feed. Mr. 
Leigh was bom in Hopewell township, Mercer county. New Jersey, on September 
8, 1842, and was educated at Mt. Rose- and the public schools of Hopewell. When 
he was sixteen years of age he eiitered - the retail store of Jonathan Stewart of 
Trenton. New Jersey, where Ire remained for only one year ; then deciding that he 
would like 'to become a machinist lie entered the locomotive works of Van Clif & 
Kane, at Trenton; here he continued a^ an apprentice for eighteen months: the 
name of the locomotive works was then changed to the Trenton Arms Company, 
for the purpose of manufacturing ordnance for the Unit-jd States government dur- 
mg the Civil war; his employment continued in this place for two years. From 
Trenton he followed his trade in railroad shops at Lambertsville, South: Easton, 
Pennsylvania, South Amboy, New Jersey, and Elizabethport. New Jersey, spending 
fourteen years of his life in tliis employment. It was in 1882 that he took up his 
abode m .\von, New Jersey, then Neptune City, where, tired of his former occupa- 
tion, he engaged in first one pursuit and then another, namely, the grocery business, 
then the livery and express business, and a line of stages for city business, and finally 
started in his piesent Irne, his place being situated at the comer of Main street 
and Sylvina avenue, Avon. 

Mr. Leigh is a Democrat in his political views, and his worth as a public-spirited 
citizen, and one whose opinions in town .7ffairs is considered valuable, is demonstrated 
in the fact that he has for eleven years served on the borough council of Avon, ami 



86 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 



for one year acted as its mayor. He is a member of Lodge No. 134, F. & A. M., 
at Elizabeth, New Jersey. He is also a member of the First Methodist Protestant 
church of Avon His marriage took place on February 2S, 1864, to Miss Margaret 
A. Selover. Three children have blessed their union, viz. : Adelbert V., born Sep- 
tember 4, 1865; Lizzie S., born Augit-t 5. 1867; Herbert M.. born July 4. 1870. 



ilARRV J. ROCKAFELLER. 

Harry J. Rockafeller, son of John and Susan (McQuade) Rockafellcr, was born 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 24, 1866. His boyhood was passed in Phila- 
delphia until 18S0, when the family moved to Asbury Park, New Jersey. He was 
educated in a common school and Friends school in Philadelphia and the Asbury 
Park high school, in 1887 he went to Philadelphia to take a position with a whole- 
sale drug house of EVench, Richards & Company. Shortly thereafter he returned to 
Asbury Park, and became an employe of Steinbach Brothers. From 1889 to 1891 he 
was associated with his father in the managcn;ent of Sunset Hall. In the latter 
year he opened a men's furnishing goods store, which he conducted until 1897, 
v.'hen he became proprietor of the Gramercy, which he conducted for four 
seasons. In 1901 he took charge of Sunset Hall, which under his management has 
enjoyed the largest patronage that it has ever known. Sunset Hall has a capacity 
of 300 guests. Mr. Rockafeller is an owner of a large amount of the electric light 
plant. He is a member of the Republican party and a chosen freeholder of Asbury 
Park. He was married October 22, 1890, to Catherine McCabe, of Newark; they have 
four boys : John, Eugene, Harry and Thomas. 



WILLIAM K. WARDEN. 

Therf are not among the prominent families of New Jersey many persons who 
are descended from Virginian ancestry. William K. Warden, a prominent retired 
farmer at Red Bank, Monmouth county, is thus distinguished. William Warden, his 
grandfather, was born in Virginia of English parents, and they removed to Mon- 
mouth county about 1771. He became an extensive farmer and a man of powerful 
and beneficent influence. His wife, Catharine, bore him three children, two of 
whom died wiihout issue. His son, William, was botn in Monmouth county in 1786 
and was an e.xperienced builder whose work has stood the tests of time and the 
ravages of the elements, and who was employed at Allaire continuously for seven 
years ; but he later purchased a farm of one hundred acres, to the cultivation of 
which he devoted the closing years of his life. \Villiam Warden mairied Mary 
Brower, who bore him ten children, of whom the subject of this sketch and Miss 
Sarah E. Warden are the only survivors. The father died in 1874, his wife in 1884. 

William K. Warden was born in Monmouth county. New Jersey, February 27, 
183;, and was educated in the public schools and reared to farm life and for thirty 
years was a successful farmer. He began life independently at the age of twenty 
years and his whole career since that time has been a demonstration of what may 
be won by a man of good character, who is determined to succeed and applies him- 
self diligmtly to his chose:i business. Both as a farmer and as a business man he 
has been pre-eminently successful. He removed to Middletown in 1854 and lived 
tlierc three years. Thence h-.- went to Marlboro township, where he purchased a farm 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 87 

of eighty rive acre?, on whijli he lived ;i\ ye;.rs, and which he sold in order to re- 
move to Middletown township, vvhere he hought a farm of two hundred acres, 
which was a part of the old Grover estate. This he managed successfully for seven 
years until l8~3, when he retired from farm life with its many cares and went to 
New York. There, ni company with his brother, he opened an office for the transac- 
tion of re,'.l estate and other busines.^. But in time, his old liking for the soil gained 
ascendancy over him and he returned' to Monmouth county and at Red Bank bought 
a farm of fifty acres, which he has since superintended. 

In politics Mr. Warden is a Republican and in a religious way he is a lover 
of truth and ar. advocate of righteousness in its true form. His interest in the progress 
and prosperity of his township and county has always impelled him to lake such 
action as characterizes a patriotic and public-spirited man. He married Miss Cora 
Sandford in 1852 and she died in 1S63, after having borne him children named 
Ella, Cora. John C. and Margaret. 



WILU.AM H.-VNCE. 



No hiilory of Atlantic township, Monmouth county. New Jersey, would be com- 
plete w'ithout adequate mention ol the family of Hance, of which William Haiice, 
proprietor of the .\tlantic Stock Tarni, is a w'orthy representative in his day and 
generation, 

William Hajice's grandparents in the paternal line were Edwin and Mary 
Hance, farmers and the owners of two hundred acres of good land in .■\tlantic 
township. Of their nine chilJren, two are living at this tiine. One of them was Henry 
Hance. father of William Hance and of Frank Hance. a biographical sketch of the 
latter of whom appears in this work; he w^as a native of Monmouth county, who 
married a good woman, named Alice Smith, who bore him four sons, named Edw'in, 
William, Joseph and Frank. Mr. and Mrs. Hance were members of the Reformed 
church and Mr. Hance was an influential citizen, who was devoted to the principles 
of the Republican party. He died in iSg;, his wife in 1890. The family of 
Hance is of Dutch extraction and its representatives have in all generations been 
men of intelligence, thrift and influence. 

William Hance, son of Henry and Alice (Smith") Hance, was born near Tin- 
tonfalls, Monmouth county, New Jersey, May 25, 1837. and was reared and educated 
in public schools near his home. After his school days were over, he turned his 
attention to ihe care, development and training of man's best animal friend, the 
horse, to which he took naturally because he liked horses, and in which, perhaps for 
ihff same reason, he prospered even beyond his own expectation. Not only is he 
a thorough stockman but a thorough farmer as well. His farm of two hundred 
and twelve acres of rich land is devoted entirely to his stock raising enterprise, and 
is provided with every kind of building and accessory which is necessary to its 
success, Mr. Hance's residence, which came into his possession in 1893. is a building 
of palatial appearance, which was erected by Mr. Stevens, of New York City, an 
extensive contractor, 

Mr. Hance, who is regarded as one of the wide-awake men of his neighborhood, 
has been too busy with his private afi'airs to accept the responsibilities of public 
office. Hi.? keen perception and wide knowledge of men and events, no less than 
his love of horses, have made him successful in breeding and handling stock. The 
stock on his farm is much of it imported, and all of it is of superior qualify. His 
horses are road and race or running horse?, and his racers are swift of foot and 



88 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 



are attractive, pure blooded animals, which commend ihemselvc? to horse lovers 
at sijht. His road horses are of super:or breed and, being well gaited and of fine 
carriage, they are in quick demand. His herd of eighteen pure blooded Jersey 
cattle has received the highest praise. 

In 187S ^ir. Hance married Miss Catharine Grant, who was born near Morris- 
ville. New Jersey, and is a 'daughter of Edward and Harriet Grant. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hance have three children — Hattie, Alice and William. 



EDWARD F. FEXTON. 



Fenton is a well known name in Middletown township, the first one of that 
name to locate m this vicinity being John Fenton, who owned a farm many years 
ago at what is now known as Nut Swamp. The paternal grandfather of Edward 
F. Fenton, our subject, owned a small farm iji_the above named place, where he 
resided with his wife, Leydia Harris Fenton. His son Edward, father of Edward 
F. was born in 1832. He married Miss Esther Harris. For fourteen years he was 
proprietor of the Leedsville Hofel. during which time he satisfactorily catered to 
the wants of the traveling public. He subsequently removed to the place now occu- 
pied by 'his son, Edward F.. which consisted of one hundred acres of productive 
farm land ; here he remained to the time of his death, which occurred in the winter 
of 1896. His wife, Esther Harris Fenton, died the year following. Their family 
consisted of seven children, of whom six are now living: Jennie, John, Frank, 
Josephine, George and Edward F. ; the deceased child was a daughter, Sarah. 

Edward F. F'enton was born at Leedsville February 9, 1S64. He enjoyed the 
advantages of a public school education. Since beginning his career in life he 
has continuously followed the occupation of a farmer ; he has made it a perpetual 
study luntil it has become an art with him. in which he takes an artist's delight. 

On February 22, 1899, he married Jessie, daughter of Charles F. Allen, of 
Oceanic, where Mrs. Fenton was born. Mr. Fenton is an esteemed member of the 
Knights of Pythias, apd enjoys the full confidence of his townspeople. 



PETER JAMES McCLEES. 

Peter James McClees, a leading agriculturist and oyster planter in Middletown 
township, Mcnmouth county. New Jersey, was born December 25, 1841. He is a 
son of Peter and Sarah (Brown) McClees. both natives of Middletown township 
and. of Scotch descent. The late Peter McClees was a son of John and Ann McClees, 
and both of these were Middletown township farmers. No member of the McClees 
family has had political aspirations, but each. has been in turn a stanch adherent of 
the Democratic principles, and well affiliated religiously with the Baptist church, of 
Middletown, of which our subject has been a member for thirty-six years, and of 
which his parents were consistent members and generous supporters. Peter Mc- 
Clees died June 8, 1882, his wife May 11, 1862. Of their ten children four arrived 
at maturity, Peter J. McClees ; Mary Elizabeth McClees, a resident of Monmouth 
county; Charles McClees, who was a hardware merchant at Toms River, and who 
died March 25, 1895, and John McClees, of Middletown township. 

Peter J. MicClees. the eldest of these and the immediate subject of this review, 
had his initial schooling in Middletown township, this l)eing supplemented by two 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 89 

and a half years' attendance at Freeliold Institute. The years of his later youth and 
early manhood were spent in the cultivation of his father's farm. On March it, 
1868, he married Elizabeth R. Morris, daughter of Edmund and Mary Morris, of 
South Trenton, Oneida county, New .York. In 1869 he built his present home, on 
seventy acres of land, then a part of his father's estate, but subsequently inherited 
by him. Much of this land is under a high state of cultivation and is utilized especially 
in the culture of fruits and vegetables. 

Mrs. Elizabeth R. (Morris) McClees died April 16, 1872, and on November 
16, 1874, Mr. McClees married Miss Emma J. Morris, a younger sister of his de- 
ceased wife. To this union have been born three children : Charles McClees, born 
October 13. 1875, attended Red Bank high school and Coleman's Business College, 
Newark, and is at present an employe of the Phoenix National Bank, New York; 
Peter J. McClees, Jr.. born March 5. 1876, was educated similarly to his brother, 
and is associated with his father in the agricultural and oyster planting business; 
and Miss Sarah McClees, born Februa ry -18, *8Si, resides at home. 

Mr. McClees was one of the charter members and stockholders of the Bay 
View Land Improvement Company, and the Bay View Cemetery Company ; served 
several years as commissioner of appeals, and had the distinction at the time of his 
election to this office of holding the largest nuinber of votes received by any candi- 
date at that election. He was one of the investors of the railroad operating between 
New Monmouth station and Atlantic Highlands, now one of the connections of the 
New York & Long Branch Railroad. He was for a time also principle owner of a 
schooner traffic between New York and Red Bank. The home of Mr. McClees 
is one of the beautiful and picturesque places of residences that adorn the world's 
famous Shrewsbury river, and is located on the north side of the river, opposite 
McClees' creek. 

NELSON M. BROWN. 

Nelson M Brown, night dispatcher for the New York and Long Branch Railroad 
Company, is one of the prominent citizens of Little Silver station, Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, and occupies a beautiful residence, which commands a fine outlook over 
the water front at that point and is located on property once a part of the Parker 
e.=tate. Mr. Brown was born in Eatontown. Monmouth county, Febritary 27,. i860, 
and was married October 3, 1887, to Miss Irene Conover, daughter of Garrett S. 
?..nd Delia Conover. Mrs. Brcwn was born in the house in which she now lives, in 
1863. Her grandfather in the paternal line was Tiley Conover, a farmer oL'^romi- 
nence. William Conover. brother of Tiley Conover and grand uncle of Mrs". Brown, 
was in his day a man of much influence, political and personal, who represented his 
.fellow cit'zens ;n. the New Jersey legislature. Mrs. Brown's great-grandfather in- 
the maternal line was a silversmith, whose certificate was number three himdred 
and twenty-seven and was dated March. 179J. The Tallmans, who were Mrs. 
Brown's maternal ancestors, were- pai lic ipaTits- tir the Revolutionary war. and one 
Gf them received from the United States government a land grant as a gift for his 
loyalty and bravery in defense of the struggling infant republic. 

Mr. Brown was reared at Eatontown and in the public schools of that place 
laid the education.il foimdation for his future usefulness: He began active life 
a; a messenger boy. The New Jersey Southern Railroad Company offered' hirfi 
his next opportunity, and he served that corporation in various capacities for a num- 
ber of years, during which he built up for himself a reputation for honesty and 
faithfulness which paved his way to his present position, which he took in 1885, 



50 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

the responsibilities of which I:e meets to the entire satisfaction of his employers. 
During His si.-:teen years' connection with the New York and Long Branch Railroad 
company, he has lost but one week's pay, a fact which speaks much for his industry 
and failhfiilness. He is a worthy member of Washington Ledge, No. 9, Free and 
Accepted Masons of Eatontown, which, as its number indicates, is one of the oldest 
Masonic lodges in New Jersey. 

Nelson M. Brown is a son of Charles and Lydia (Gilson; Brown, both of whom 
are of Scotch descent and both of whom are natives of New York, and his father 
was long known in New York as an experienced jeweler. While not an active politi- 
cian Mr. Brown takes a lively interest m everything pertaining to the public welfare 
and his readiness to assist all movements for the general benefit has made him known 
as a young man of much public spirit. As a Mason and as a citizen he is popular in a 
wide circle of acquaintance and he is well and favorably known to the telegraphic 
fraternitv of the east. 



ALEX.VNDER MULLEN. 

Alexander Mullen, of Avon, New Jersey, was born in the city of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, on July 2^, 1852. Mis schooling was acquired at Scott's school of 
liurlington, New Jersey. His early manhood was spent in farming, first, in the vicinity 
of Long Blanch, and in 1874 he took charge of the farm owne<l by Henry M. Bennett, 
which is located near Avon. Here he remained for ten years, giving his utmost 
care and attention to properly tending this fine piece of farm land. After leaving 
Mr. Bennett's employ, for one year he engaged in the fishing business; then went 
to Avon and entered the milk trade, in which line he has continued up to the present 
time, his place being located on Woodland avenue, corner of Fifth avenue, Avon. 

Mr. Mullen has taken quite an active part in the affairs of the borough of 
Avon, and also of the borough of Neptune City when Avon formed a part of that 
Ixirough. A Democrat in his political adherence, his constituency did him the honor 
to elect him mayor of the borough of Neptune City. He was elected to serve in the 
same capacity a second term, and when the borough of Avon was formed, he was 
duly elected mayor of the new borough. Besides these honorable positions, he has 
served as marshal of the borough of Neptune City, also in the capacity of school 
trustee. Fraternally he is a member of the Tecumseh Tribe, No. 60, Improved Order of 
Ued Men. 

Mr. Mullen, on February 10, 1874, was united in marriage to Sarah Laveina 
Vannote. Five children were born, but only two of them are now living, Ida Bell 
and Clart Louise. Their only son, Jay Edwin, born November 1, 1881, died 
March 15, 1901. This was a sad blow to the little household, for the young man 
pave every promise of a successful career, being highly respected and favored by 
his many friends and acquaintances. 



A. JUDSON BRAY. 



The name above is that of a prosperous farmer, of Phalanx, Atlantic township, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey, who was born in that vicinity May 24, 1853, a son 
of James and Elizabeth Bray. James Bray was a native of Keyport, and his wife 
was born in Middletown township. He bought from the Frenches about sixty-seven 
acres of land, which formerly belonged to the North American Rlialanx Association, 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 91 

to which he added one hundred and ciglit acres by subsequent purchase, making 
an aggregate of one hundred and seventy-five acres, which he has devoted partially 
to general farming, but largely to fruit growing. His wife, Elizabeth, who died in 
1895, bore him five children, David H., James Jr., Catherine L., A. Judson and 
William, four of whom are living. Catherine L. married Jb?eph W. Thompson, of 
Lincroft. 

A. Judson Bray, who is the owner of a fine farm of one hundred and tliirty 
acres, most of which is profitably fruit bearing, was educated in the common schools 
of his native township and was for three years a student at the Peddle Institute, 
at Hightstown, New Jersey. His first venture in active life was as a farmer, in 
which he was successful from the outset ; but, being ambitious and anxious to ac- 
cumulate money as rapidly as possible, he embarked in business in New York City 
as a commission merchant, and for six years handled all kinds of country produce 
there with satisfactory pecuniary results. Since then he has devoted himself ex- 
clusively to farming. He is in the best sense of the term a practical farmer, and 
his farm is one of the best equipped and stocked in its vicinity. 

Previous to his removal to New York City Mr. Bray was a resident of Mid- 
dletown township, where greatly to his own credit and to the satisfaction of his 
fellow citizens he held several important township offices. For six years" he was super- 
visor of roads ; for five years he was a member of the board of education, and for 
four years was clerk of the board. He removed to .\tlantic township in 1897, in which 
year he purchased his present farm. He is a member of and one of the sergeants of 
the Second Red Bank Cavalry Troop, and from time to time has been identified with 
other local organisations. He has in various ways demonstrated that he is a man 
of public spirit, who is solicitous for the welfare and advancement of the com- 
munity in which he has cast his lot. 

Mr. Bray was married in 1875 to Miss Jessie Oliver, a native of England and a 
daughter of Richard and Jane Oliver, who has borne him five children : Alice and 
Jessie, both now deceased; William; Jennie and Maud. 



WILLIAM H. THOMPSON. 

From a long line of tillers of the soil comes a worthy representative of a sturdy 
ancestry in William H. Thompson, the subject of this brief article. He, loo, is a 
toiler in the fields, owning a splendid farm of sixty-five acres, which he has taken 
pride to cultivate to the highest extent. His farm and residence are located, at 
Lincroft, Middletown township, New Jersey, where his family have lived for gener- 
ations. His paternal grandfather was Cyrenus Thompson and his grandmother 
was Catherine (Ray) Thompson; the former was a native of Wales, the latter of 
Scotland ; -hey were the possessors of about forty acres of land, and were held in 
great respect among their neighbors. They had a family of six children, two of whom 
are now living; one. Joseph Thompson, is the father of William H., our subject, and 
was born on the old homestead on .\ugust 23, 1808. His wife, Melvirta Jones, was 
born .\ugust 3, 1814. Their marriage occurred January 23. 1833. They generally 
confined themselves to the cultivation of the soil, although Joseph was by trade 
a shoemaker. Their farm, though small— ^only forty acres — was well tilled and pro- 
duced bountifully. While living the conventional farmer's life, unproductive of any 
great events, yet he was honored by his fellow men for the marly sterling qualities he 
possessed, amoni; them honesty and integrity in his intercourse with those about 



92 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

him. Twelve children were born to them, eleven girls anj one son, William H. ; 
seven of this number are now (1901) living. 

William H. Thompson received a common school education, which amply fitted 
him for the life of usefulness he has lived. He is a man of determination and energy, 
not afraid of putting his shoulder to the wheel and assisting it along the path of 
life, or of persisting in surmounting the obstacles which often obstruct the way. 
For ten years Mr. Thompson kept a general store in Leedsville, now Lincroft. during 
which time he also occupied the position of postmaster. - For thirty years he was 
township trustee, which fact bespeaks volumes for the high esteem in which he 
was held by his townspeople. For five years he was a freeholder, and occupied other 
ofKces of minoi importance, which an appreciative public constantly thrust upon 
him. He proved himself worthy in all respects of the confidence reposed in him. 
amply justifying by the faithful discharge of every trust the high opinion in which 
he was held by his fellow citizens. 

As a member of the Masonic fraternity, Mr. Thompson occupies an enviable 
position; he is connected with the Mystic Brotherhood of Red Bank, in which organi- 
zation his congenialty makes him a favorite member. Through his marriage in i860, 
with Mary, daughter of Hesia Smith, Mr. Thompson has had born to him three chil- 
dren, Joseph W., Anna V. and Lydia A. 



THOMAS ELWOOD SNYDER, Jr. 

The name of Snyder has long been connected with the hotel business in Mon- 
mouth county and the gentleman whose name heads this review is known as the 
genial and popular host of the Metropolitan Hotel in Eatontow-n. From his earliest 
youth he has been familiar with this line of activity, for his father, Thomas E. 
Snyder, Sr., was for many years proprietor of the Colt's Neck Hotel, which he suc- 
cessfully conducted. He is now living retired, at the age of seventy-seven years, 
making his home with his son. He is of Quak er ancestry and has lived a quiet, 
helpful life, being widely known as a respected and prosperous citizen, who has won 
success through honorable business methods. 

Mr. Snyder of this review was born in Atlantic township, Monmouth county, 
July 13, 1871, and in the country schools obtained his preliminary education, which 
was supplemented by a course in the Freehold high school, where he was graduated 
with the class of 1889. Soon afterward he became associated w'ith his father in the 
hotel business and thereby gained the practical experience which is now manifest 
in his able control of the Metropolitan Hotel, which he purchased in 1895. A hotel 
has stood upon this site for more than half a century, the first building having been 
erected by John Wheeler. About thirty years ago it was destroyed by fi.'-e, but 
another hotel was immediately built and it was this which came into possession of 
Mr. Snyder by purchase in the year mentioned. He remodeled and largely refitted 
the place and partly refurnished it. He also put in first-class water connection and 
bath rooms, supplied it with excellent plumbing and sanitary arrangements and now 
has one of the best equipped hotels in this part of the state. It is a three-story 
brick structure, occupying a pleasant location and everything is kept in first-class 
condition, Mr. Snyder personally superintending the management of the hotel and 
looking after the comfort of his guests. 

On the i8th of May. 1896, Mr. Snyder was united in marriage to Miss Lizzie 
Breese, a daughter of Emerson and Elizabeth (.\nderson") Breese. and unto them 
have been born two children — Lewis D. and Florence S. Mr. Snyder is a member 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 93 

of the Washington Lodge, No. o, F. & A. M., of Eatontown. in which he has taken 
three degrees. • He also has membership relations with the Order of United Amer- 
ican Mechanics and the Improved Order of Red Men. In his political views he is 
a Republican and for one term he served as assessor of his town, but has never 
been an aspirant for official honors, as his attention is largely demanded by his 
business interests. Of cordial, courteous manner and genial disposition, qualities 
which render him an agreeable host, he is winning prosperity and enjoys the high 
regard of his patrons. 

*->-¥■ 

JAMKS HUBBARD. 

We glance back three and a half centuries in tracing the genealogy of this illus- 
trious family — back to the time of James Hubbard, son of Henry and Margaret, 
natives of Langliam, England, who with others emigrated to this country in 1643 
and settled in the Xew England states. Even here they were not free from that 
religious persecution which had so warped existence for them in the old world as to 
make life there intolerable, and so they were again compelled to seek a place where 
freedom of religious thought could be indulged without fear of engendering fanati- 
cal opposition. Hence, they made their way to Gravesend, Long Island, where a 
more peaceful existence awaited them. Here James, known as "Sargeant James." 
was made a magistrate of the town for 1650-51-52-53 and 1663. At a convention helrl 
in New Amsterdam, November 26, 1853, "to devise and recommend measures for the 
public security," he acted as the town's representative. His death is recorded as 
liaving occurred prior to 1693. Oil "December '31"," 1664, he married Miss Elizabeth 
Bailies, b> whom he had the following children : James, Rebecca, Elizabeth, John 
and Elias. James was born December 10, 1665, and by his wife, Rachel, had chil- 
dren as follows: Jacobus, Samuel, Tunis, Elias and John. Jacobus was born May 
13. 1744, and took for wife Rebecca Swart, of Monmouth. New Jersey, on November 
17, 1765. Their son, Samuel, married Miss I\Iargaret Stoutenboro, who was a na- 
tive of Coltsneck, while Samuel was born at Middletown. He was a cabinet maker 
by trade, of a quiet, retiring disposition, a man well read and informed on general 
subjects, and well liked by those about him for his many pleasing characteristics and 
his integrity in dealing wiih his fellow men. He served as justice of the peace 
almost all his life after reaching his majority, which speaks volumes for the high 
esteem in which he was held in the community. 

One of his children was James, the subject of this article. He was born in Mid- 
dletown township on September 29, 1822, was there educated in the public schools, 
and after reaching young manhood gave his attention exclusively to agricultural 
pursuits, following the same all his life. He now owns a fine farm of one hundred 
acres of land at Red Bank. New Jersey, which he has brought to a high state of 
cultivation through his persistent eflfort to have his property excel it: quantity and 
quality of its production. Mr. Hubbard retired from active work in 1887, but being 
an all roiuid practical farmer he exercises a general supervision over his extensive 
interests still. His life, though marked by no very eventful chapters, has been one 
of usefulness, and if, as is the view of the more thoughtful minds, to be useful is 
to be great, lie is not without a title to distinction. 

Mr. Hubbard was united in marriage to Miss Jane R. Bannan, daughter of 
William and Rachel Bannan, of New Vork, on March 25, 1856, by whom he had 
four daughters: Agnes P., l^^abelle, .Mice B. and Anna G. Mrs. Hubbard was 
born March 2, 1832. 



94 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

JOHN FEXTON. 

John Fenton is tlie possessor of extensive farm lands at Lincroft, New Jersey, 
where fifty acres are kept in cultivation ; besides these broad fields he hires sixty other 
acres, which are also under his watchful and practiced eye. Out of his large experience 
as a farmer he makes his land produce from sixty to one hundred fold. He is a native 
of Rumson, New Jersey, and was born November 5. 1845. From the public schools 
of Leedsville he gained such general knowledge as amply fitted him for his career 
of activity. When he was twenty-six years of age he began to carve out for himself 
his plan of life work, and judging from his present delightful surroundings one 
must conclude that he attained what he desired. Since 1883, the time at which 
he purchased his present property, bo has continued to improve the same by adding 
every up-to-date convenience, until it now stands in its present state of perfection. 
He has spared nothing in carrying out his ideas in respect to what a place of iits 
kind should be, and the result is a consummation of what was once an ideal. 

His wife is Elizabeth, daughter of John H. and Catherine Hadlem, a native 
of Lincroft, who bore him two children : Henry H. and Bessie. 

John Fenton is the son of Edward and Esther (Harris) Fenton; his father for 
fourteen years was proprietor of the "Leedsville Hotel, was born in iSji and died in 
lSc)6 ; his mother died tlu- year following. John Fenton is one of six children, the 
other five being Jennie, Frank, Josephine, George and Edward F. 

John Fenton possesses, as he deserves, the good will of all who know him, and 
is a worthy representative of his family and the society in which he moves. 



GEORGE B. TWIFORD. 

One of the best manufacturers of toilet brushes of exceptionally fine quality 
is George B. fwiford, the subject now under consideration. His factory and 
residence are located at 221 Spring street, Red Bank, New Jersey, in which town 
Mr. Twiford was born May 29. 1858. He is the son of Charles and Ellen Louise 
(Dudley) Twiford, the former being a native of Sussex county, Delaware, where 
he was born May 12, 1828, the son of Rev. Bartine and Sarah (Perttiman) Twiford. 
also natives of Sussex county, Delaware. Charles Twiford, being the son of a 
clergyman, received his early education at various places, owing to the necessity 
which occasioned his father to locate at different points from time to time. With his 
pirents he made Red Bank his home in 1842. 

In early life he engaged in agricultural pursuits, as well as various other occu- 
pations at different places, but finally took up his residence in New York, where he 
acquired his trade, that of brush making. Ten years of his life were spent in New 
York City. In 1856 he returned to Red Bank, and there established himself in 
the brush manufacturing business, in which he was wonderfully successful, building 
up an extensive and paying trade, until advancing age incapacitated him for further 
active work, and in 1896 he sold out his interest in tiie business to his son, George 
B. He married Ellen L., daughter of George and Ann Dudley, in 1855. Three 
childrrrn were the outcome of this marriage: Arabella, George B. and Alforetta. 
While Mr. Twiford is well along on the road of life, he nevertheless takes an active 
interest in the things about him, retains his ambition-; spirit even to the extent of 
occasonally working at his trade. 

Rev. B. Twiford the father of Charles Twiford. and the grandfather of our im- 
mediate subject, was the founder of the Methodist Protestant church at Fair Haven. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 95 

He was at one time president of the New Jersey conference of that dencmination. 
His family consifted of nine children, five of whom are now living, Charles being 
the second by order of birth. Rev. B. Twiford lived to the advanced age of ninety 
years, passing away in 1886. His father was also a native of Delaware, and his grand- 
father, the great -.jreat-grandfuther of o'lr subject; was a native of England and one 
of the early settlers of the colony of Delaware. 

George B. Twiford received his preliminary education in the common schools of 
Red Bank, after which he served an apprenticeship in his father's brush manufactory. 
.\fter working for several years in his father's employ he finally succeeded to the 
'ousiness, in 1896, as previously stated ; since wh'ch time the enterprise has greatly 
prospered under his efficient management. 

On Xuvember 21. 1881, he was united in marriage to Laura J., daughter of Dan- 
iel B. and Jane E. Stillwagon of Red Bank. Two children have blessed this union, 
Olivette .A., and Jane E. 

Mr. Twiford is a consistent member of the First Methodist Episcopal church of 
Red Bank, of which body he is recording steward. His name is also enrolled among 
the members of the Order of the Shrewsbury K. of P., No. 72, of whidi order he 
has occupied the position of master of finance. He is also a member of the Royal 
Arcanum, in which body he held the office of regent. 



FR.WK H. HODGES. 



Frank H. Hodges, who springs from good New England stock, was born in New 
York City January .?8, 1868, the son of Henry S. and Maria M. Hodges; his father 
was a native of Vermont and his mother of Massachusetts. Our subject received his 
education and business training in the great metropolis. He showed a wonderful 
aptitude for quickly mastering his studies and applied himself so diligently to his 
books that at the early age of sixteen he was fitted to take up the greater problems 
of life. His present line of business presented itself as a field of promise, and without 
fear or hesitation 'he launched out for himself, shouldering responsibilities of a busi- 
ness which few youths of his years -.vould even attempt to face; the line he chose then 
he has ever since continued in, and his business has grown until it can be said of him 
that he is a pre-eminently successful business man, enjoying an enviable reputation 
among the wholesale merchants of the West side. His place of busiticss is located 
at 75 Warren street. New York, where he deals in butter, cheese, eggs and poultry 
to the trade. 

Mr. Hodges' parents had long resided in New York, but in 1890 they removed 
lo Jersey City Heights; thence they removed to Red Bank in i8g8, where Frank H. 
had purchased the old Borden homestead from Mrs. Mary Hendrickson. The home- 
stead is situated between Red Bank and Little Silver. This beautiful spot has been 
converted into a perfect Eden by Mr. Hodges, who has spared no expense in making 
it confoim to his high ideal of what his home should be. It now attracts many 
visitors, as it is one of the interesting features of a section widely known for its 
beautiful residences, private parks, and magnificent estates. The Borden homestead 
is one of the old land marks located on that delightful Branch avenue, and its charms 
are greatly enha-icec by the magnificent old trees which, in their majestic strength 
impress one with a sense of grandeur which corresponds favorably with the splendor 
of the place. 

Since locating in Red Bank, J'r. Hodges has been extensively engaged in the 
poultry business. Last year he raised by incubators over one thousand broilers. He 



96 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

is likewise interested ir the raising of fancy pigeons, and has upon his place man>- 
of the finest breeds, by which lie sets great value. 

In his political views Mr. Hodges is a staunch Republican, having proved himself 
loyal to the principles of his party. He received the appointment of captain of the 
Nmth assembly district. New York, fn which office he labored diligently in the inter- 
ests of his party. He was aUo a men'.ber of the Ninth Ward Pioneer Oarps. New 
York, of which he was trustee, besides acting as secretary and treasurer. Socially 
Mr. Hodges is exceedingly popular ; he has affiliated himself with the Royal Arcanum 
of Long Island Council, and is a volunteer fireman, as well as a member of various 
other organizations. 

Mr. Hodges was united in marriage in .August, 1900, to Miss Mattie E., daughter 
of Charles Williams, of Eatontown, New Jersey. 



ALFRED N. RADLEY. 



During the colonial epoch in our country's history the Radley family was founded 
in America, the original ancestor coming from Ireland to the new world. It is 
claimed that the name was at one time spelled Bradley, but that the first letter w-as 
finally eliminated. The great-grandfather of our subject was John Radky, whose 
son, Benjamin Radley, was born in 1790 and died in 1874, at the advanced age 
of eighty-four years. He was the father of Squire Radley. the father of our sub- 
ject. Squire Radley was born in Westfield, Niew Jersey. September 5, 1812, and 
throughout his active business career carried on farming in this locality. In 1833 
he married Miss Susan Ann Woodruff, and unto them were born the following 
named : Charlotte, Mary C, Ann M., Alfred Newton, Priscilla E. and Hannah E. 
The father has passed away, his death having occurred February ig, 1900. 

-Alfred Newton Radley, whose name introduces this review, is indebted to the 
public school system of his native town for the educational privileges he enjoyed. 
He was born in Westfield, April 19. 1841. and remained on lii< father's farm until 
twenty-five years of age, during which time he became familiar through practical 
experience with all the duties and labors that fall to the lot of the agriculturist. He 
then began farming on his own account and later was proprietor of a hotel. His 
next venture was in the ice business, handling that commodity for five yeiirs, when 
he became engaged in the coal trade. For the past ten years he has engaged in 
dealing in coal and as his reputation as a rclial)le business man was already estab- 
lished, he did not find it difficult to work up a trade. He now enjoys a very liberal 
patronage and derives therefrom a substantial income. 

On the l6th of Jutie, 1866, Mr. Radley was married to Miss Ellen .\. Mears, 
who was born in England, September 29, 1845. Their children are Lizzie J., who 
was born .August ig, 1867; Squire B., born September ig, 1868, and died December 
31, 1894; Susan A., who was born July 4, 1870, and died August 2, 1891 ; David 
A., who was born October 19, 1871, and died March 27, 1874; Grant, who was born 
November 4, 1872; and died March 4, 1873 ; William M., born November 22, 1876; 
Newton, born December 7, 1878, and died July 8, 1885; Mabel, born June 23, 1880; 
and Ellen, who was born April 5, 1882, and died December 2, 1883. Since 1877 
the family have resided in Carteret and are numbered among the best citizens of 
that place. 

To the Democracy Mr. Radley gives his political support and upon the issues 
of the day he keeps well informed. He has served as road overseer in his township- 




SQUIRE B. RADLEY. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 97 

and also as a member of the board of election. No trust reposed in him has ever 
been betrayed and in business circles he sustains a reputation which is above 
question. 



GEORGE K. MAGFE. 



The populiir "Columbia Hotel" has been made so by its genial and affable owner 
and proprietor, George K. Magee.. No hostlery in Eatontovifn, New Jersey, has so 
e.xcellent a reputation for hospitable treatment as has the "Columbia." The hotel was 
originally built by members of the Washington Lodge, No. g, F. & A. iM., on the 
property of Dr. John P. Lewis. Dr. Lewis bought the lodge's interest in the 
house, so that the entire property stood in his name. It was then successively run 
by Joseph Doty. Kruscr Sncdiker. John Rodgers. Capt. John S. Leifbunow, and 
others. George K. Magee, the present proprietor, purchased the property in 1900 from 
Edward Throckmorton. The hotel will accommodate twenty-five guests, is conven- 
iently located amid pleasant surroundings. Courtesy and a determination to meet 
every wish of his guests mark the proprietor jf the "Columbia Hotel" as a man who 
knows how to cater to the general public in the w^ay best calculated to win their good 
will and command their continued patronage. 

Mr, Magee was born in Monmouth county in 1866, and there was reared and 
educated in the public schools. He is the son of Jerome and Catherine (VVillett) 
Magee, both of whom are natives of Momnouth county, and who now (1901) reside 
on their farm in Atlantic township. 

During hii early career Mr. Magee turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, 
which vocation he followed continuously and successfully up to within a few 
years, when on account of defective eye-sight he was compelled to abandon what to 
him had ahvays been a congenial and delightful occupation. 

His wife, whom he married in 1887, was Miimie. daughter of Charles and Aim 
Martin, who bore him two children, Clarence R. ami Mabel S. Mrs. Magee is a native 
of Monmouth countv also. 



EDGAR SCHEXCK. 

Prominent among tlse repre-sentativc farmers of Monmouth county is Edgar 
Schenck, who owns and -npcrates one hundred and fifty acres of rich land in Holmdel 
low-nship, where his entire life has been passed. He was born on the farm which is 
still his place of residence, first opening his eye? to the light of day on the twelfth of 
^Liy, 1853, his parents being George S. and Eleanor (Conovcr) Schenck. Both 
parents trace their ancestry back through several generations to Holland emigrants 
who came to America in the early part of the seventeenth century. John Schenck, 
the great-grandfather of our subject, was a captain in the war of the Revolution and 
fcrved for seven years in the cause for independence, — a valiant and courageous sol- 
dier. George Schenck, the father of our subject, was a man of high principles and 
moral worth, and was beloved by all who knew him on account of his upright life. 
He followed agricultural pursuits and prospered in his undertakings as the result of 
his energy and thrift. In his political views he was a stalwart Democrat and for two 
successive terms was elected to the state legislature, where he served on several im- 
portant coniaiittees, proving himself to be a man of excellent judgment concerning 
affairs of state. He labored untiringly in support of those measures which he be- 
lieved would contribute to the general good, and in all life's relations he manifested 
7 



"98 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY CO'AST. 

his loj-alty to the principles in whicn he believed. He died March 6, 1892. at the age 
of seventy years, and his wife, n most estimable and highly esteemed lady, passed away 
on the 30tli of !May, 1885, at the age of sixty. 

Upon the home farm Edgar Schenck was reared, early becoming familiar with all 
the duties and labors that fall to the lot of the agriculturist, and thus becoming well 
prepared to carry on farming on his own account at a later day. He is now engaged 
in the cultivation of one hundred and fifty acres of arable land, planted to the crops 
best adapted to this climate, and annually he harvests good crops as the reward of 
his labor. His time is mostly devoted to general -farming but some attention is given 
to the raising of fine horses and cattle. An air of neatness and thrift prevades the 
place and is indicative of the enterprising spirit of the owner. 

On the 22d of November. 187". Mr. Schenck was united in marriage to Miss 
Lydia Craig, who was born February 10. 1855, a daughter of William R. and Jane 
E. (Vandtveer) Craig, of Freehold. In early life her father was connected with 
the wholesale drug business for a number of years in New York City, but the close 
confinement to the store proved detrimental to his health and caused hira to turn his 
attention to farming, which he carried on extensively and successfully. Unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Schenck have been born :\vo sons: Norman C, who was born August 5, 
1882, and is now pursuing a four-years course of study in Princeton 'College ; and 
George R., who was born August 4, 1886, and is at home. The family are mem- 
bers of the Dutch Reformed church at Holmdel. In his political views Mr. Schenck 
is a Democrat, but has never been an aspirant for the honors or emoluments of 
public office, preferring to de\ote his attention to the pleasures of the home and lo 
his busmess affairs, in which he is meeting with credital.le and gratifying success. 



WARREN WEBSTER. 



Warren Webster, an enterprising agriculturist of Middletown township, operates 
one of the finest farms in the locality, formerly the property of Daniel C. Hendrick- 
son. The place contains one hundred acres, and is now devoted principally to the 
raising of fruit and vegetables. Mr. Webster was born in Philadelphia, June 8, 
184.5, a son of David and Syndonia (Walton) Webster, whose family numbered five 
children, — Aaron, Mary, Thomas, Byron and Warren. The forefathers of the pa- 
ternal grandmother of Mr. Webster came to America with William Ptnn. The 
paternal grandparents of him whose name introduces this review were David and 
Elizabeth Webster. The latter was captured by the Chippewa tribe of Indians and 
remained in captivity from her twelfth to eighteenth year, on the expiration of which 
period she was ransomed and became the wife of David Webster. 

Warren Webster was eighteen years of age when he came to New Jersey, and 
was for seven years connected with greenhouses of the Essex Company, at Orange, 
and during his residence in Monmouth county has followed various occupations, 
but has principally devoted his time and attention to farming. He has been very 
successful in his chosen vocation, his crops always bringing the highest market price, 
and he now takes rank among the leading agriculturists and horticulturists of Mon- 
mouth county. 

Mrs. Webster was in her maidenhood Miss M. Matilda Willett. their wedding 
being celebrated on the 24th of December, 1868. She was born at Harmony. New 
Jer.sey, on the 17th of March, 1S50. a daughter of John and Qitherine Willett, who 
were members of old and prominent families of the state. The father, who was 




:^^1^^ /y^i^^^ 



HISTORY OF THE XE\\' JERSEY COAST. <,g 

born in ^[onmoutli county. August 25, 1813, was a light-house keeper at Compton 
Light for a number of years, and his family numbered the following children.— 
Humphrey, William, Charles, Matilda, Martin, Ellen Rebecca, and Catherine. The 
grandparents of these children were Garrett and Rebecca (Stillwell) Willett, of 
Long Island. L'nto our subject and wife have been born three children, namely: 
William, born in 1870, who is now deceased; Jesse G., born June 5, 1880; and Kirk 
E.. born September 14, 18S3. 

Mrs. Webster died May 15. 1902, in Red Bank. She had left her home in usual 
health to attend to some shopping, and about nine o'clock in the morning had made 
her last purchase, and yet had her change in her hand, when she was stricken down 
with a heart ailment, and died without a groan or struggle. She was a most estimable 
woman and her sad demise was a sorrow and a shock to the entire community. 

The family are highly esteemed in the community in which they make their 
home and are active in all good work. The family are metnbers of the Methodist 
Episcopal church of Belford, upon the board of stewards of which Mr. Webster 
served for some years. During the years 1881-2 Mr. Webster was temporarily at 
Beaufort, North Carolina, superintending the construction of the fish, oil and guana 
works for C. B. Dye, and a second plant of the same kind for Ralph Rowland. 



REV. WILLI.AM X. DAILY. 

A bit of intere-ting history attaches to Christ church of Shrewsbury, of which 
the Rev. William N. Baily is rector. Christ church is among the earliest of the old 
colonial churches. Two centuries have passed since the first effort was made to give 
It a permanent existence. It .^eems that its inception dates back to the time when 
William III, King of England, granted a charter creating a corporation organized 
under the name of "The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts" 
on June 16, 1701. 

Shortly after the formation of this society in England, a petition was drawn up 
rnd presented to that august body by Colonel Morris on September 19, 1701, praying 
ihem to dispatch a missionary to Shrewsbury w ith as little delay as possible. The 
memorial of Colonel Morris was successful, and Rev. George Keith w^as duly 
appointed by the society as said missionary. It was not until a year later, however, 
June II, 1702, that he, with others, ai-rived in Boston, nor did he reach Shrewsbury 
until October 27. This, then, may be considered the beginning of the church in 
Shrewsbury. From the most authentic sources of information it seems positive that 
the first church was built at Shrewsbury between the years 1703-1705, the second 
church in 1748, and the present building in lybQ. In the year 1708 during the ministry 
of Rev. Alexander Innes. Queen Ann presented the communion service which is 
Jlill in use. 

An important bequest, which materially bcii'-fited the financial condition of the 
church, was made by Mr. William Leeds, in i-,?5. who left his estate' to the Shrews- 
bury and Middletown churches, of which Shi-ewsbury still holds the larger part 
of her share. In 1733 the Rev. J. Forbes succeeded Rev. Geo Keith, and in turn he 
was succeeded in 1738 by the Rev. John Miln. It was at this time, on June 3, that 
Governor Burnet granted the church its charter in behalf of George II. In 1746 a 
new missionary entered this field in the person of Rev. Thomas Thompson; follow- 
ing him came Rev. Samuel Cook in I7.;7, who was the last of the missionary laborers 
in the field. It was during his ministrations in 1752, that the large Bible now in use 
(dated 1717) was presented to the cinirch by Robert Elliston.- It was also during Mr. 



100 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Cook's incumbency, in 1769. that the present church buihjing was erected. In 1842 the 
chancel was built. The present windows were put in place in 1867, the chancel window 
having been presented by Georj\e De Tiaert Gillespie, of New York, in memory of the 
De Haert family. From the time of Mr. Cook's retirement the pulpit remained vacant 
until 1788. During the Revolutionary war the globe and royal crown of George III, 
•,vhich to this day surmount the steeple of the old church, were frequently made a 
target of by patriot soldiers. In 1788 Rev. Henry Waddell became rector of the 
church. His successor -Aas Rev. H. Andrew Fowler, who took up his labors there 
in 1799. He was succeeded in 1809 by the Rev. John Croes. The Rev. Eli Wheeler 
look up hi.j pastorate there in 1S24, and after him in 1830 came Rev. Harry Finch, 
who died in 1864. His successor was Rev. William B. Otis. Rev. Benjamin Frank- 
lin officiated as rector from 1875 up to the time of his decease, in November, 1898. 
The one hundredth anniversary of the laying of the corner stone of the present church, 
was celebrated on July 21, 1869. In October, 1902, the old church celebrated the 
bi-centennial of its existence as a parish. 

The present rector of tliis historic church, the Rev. William N. Baily, is a son 
cf Major Thomas C. J. (of the Regular .\rmyj and Caroline Potter (Ladd) Baily. 
He was bom at Wilmington, Delaware, December 16, 1863; received his early edu- 
cation in Orange, New Jersey, at a later period studying law in Newark. New Jersey, 
and was admitted to the bar on June 3, 1886. He practiced law for a short time in the 
city of Newark, but had always felt that his true vocation was the ministry, and 
in 1893 he graduated fi"om the Philadelphia Divinity School. The same year he was 
ordained deacon by Bishop O. W. Whitaker, of Pennsylvania, and was placed in 
charge of the church of the Holy Comforter, West Philadelphia. In 1894 he was 
ordained priest, and was called as assistant to the rector of Grace Church, Manchester, 
New Hampshire, in 1895. His pastorate at Shrewsbury began in 1899. His minis- 
trations here continue under the most favorable circumstances. 

Mr. Bajly was married m 1893 to Miss Anna Levick Crew, daughter of J. Lewis. 
Crew, of Philadelphia. To them has been born one son, Alleyne William. 



HENRY JOHN TATNELL. 

Enterprise and determination are strong elements in prosperity, and they are 
found among the salient characteristics of Henry John Tatnell, who is the proprietor 
of the Lakewood Carpet Cleaning Works and is also the owner of a carpet store in 
Lakewood, Ocean county. New Jersey. His advancement in business has been through, 
his own efforts entirely, and to-day he is enjoying richly merited success, while the 
future is bright w'ith promise. 

Mr. Tatnell is a native of England, where his birth occurred April 21, 1872. Six 
years later his parents came with their family to this country, where he has since 
made his home. The public school system of this land afforded him the educational' 
privileges which he enjoyed and when a youth of fourteen years he entered upon 
his business career in the employ of a carpenter. Working with the saw, plane and' 
hammer did not prove entirely congenial, and his salary of one dollar per week 
seemed scarcely sufficient, so he abandoned the building art, and in 1888. when six- 
teen years of age, was made foreman of the carpet store owned by the firm of 
Mullens & Son, one of the largest establishments of its kind in Jersey City. There 
he remained for two years and in 1890 he entered the employ of W. and J. Sloane, 
of New York City, in the service of which firm he remained for nine years, acting 
as foreman of that house for seven years of that period, his conduct of its affairs. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW" JERSEY COAST. loi 

giving entire satisfaction to the firm, wlio had implicit confidence in his integrity 
and in his ability. In 1898. in response to an urgent request from citizens of Lake- 
wood, he located at this place. 

Here he established his present business. He is a very enterprising ycung busi- 
ness man, with a very promising future before him, if his past is a guarantee of 
his ability. He owns his own cleaning plant, which is operated by power for steam 
cleaning and has a capacity of one thousand yards per day. During the season he 
cleans approximately one hundred thousand yards of carpet. In addition to his 
cleaning establishment, he has a carpet store on Main street, in which he carries a 
large and well selected line of carpets, linoleums, shades and other goods of that 
character. His cleaning establishment, situated on Laurel avenue, is very spacious, 
having been recently greatly enlarged to meet the necessities of a rapidly growing 
business. Socially Mr. Tatnell is connected with the Royal Arcanum. He is a young 
man of genial disposition, energetic and resolute in business, and of cordial nature, 
and thei^e qualities render him popular with his many friends. 



CHARLES J. SMITH. 



Charles J. Smith, proprietor of one of the leading meat markets of Oakhurst, was 
born at Cream Ridge, New Jersey, October 22, 1866. He is a son of Ruluf and Lydia 
(Herbett) Smith. Charles J. Smith received his education and early training at his 
native place, and until his twenty-first year he worked on his father's farm. He then 
.removed to Long Branch. New Jersey, where for twelve years he was engaged on a 
hack line, after which he became the successor of J. C. Johnson in the meat business 
in Oakhurst. Since entering upon this line of trade his efforts have been attended with a 
gratifying degree of success. His place is clean, neat, and inviting, and his patronage 
is large and lucrative, his books showing an annual sale of eight thousand dollars. 

The marriage of Mr. Smith was celebrated on the 18th of April. 1888, Miss 
Lulu Homer becoming his wife. She is a native of Vanhiseville, Ocean county, 
New Jersey, born in 1871, and is a daughter of Charles and Klla Horner. One child 
has blessed this union, Franklin L., who was born July 29. 1880. The family own and 
occupy a beautiful home in Oakhurst, which is noted for its charming hospitality, and 
the inmates have the warin regard of a large circle of friends. 



WILLIAM H. GARRIG.\N. 

William H. Garrigan, the genial proprietor of the Park Hotel, Oceanport, New 
Jersey, conducts one of the most popular resorts along the Jersey coast. His well 
appointed house will accommodate as many as twenty-five guests, while bis bountiful 
tables cater to a limitless throng The hotel is an old and well established one, having 
been originally built by the Misses Edwards and conducted as a high-class hostelrv 
by men well versed in the hotel business from that time to this. The present 
proprietor is not the least .successful of those who have been established there, in fact, 
his peculiarly well adapted characteristics and affability of manner make him a host 
most attractive to the traveling public. 

Princeton. New Jersey, was the ;cene of Mr. Garrigan's birth, which occurred on 
April 26, 1862. He is the son of P. H. and Elizabeth (Gray) Garrigan, both natives 
of Ireland, whence they came to this country in 1856, taking up their residence in 



I02 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Princeton. New Jersey, wlioie they followefi agricultural pursuits. While there die 
family formed a lasting attachment for the late Dr. Hodge. In 1883 they removed 
from Princeton to Long Branch, thence to Oceanport in 1889, where the family now 
reside. 

Mr. W. H. Carrigan received his early education in his native town of Princeton, 
later supplementing same by a practical manual and mental training which went a long 
way toward fitting him for the position which he at present occupies, his incumbency 
of which has lasted since 1893. ^'■^- Garrigan is unmarried, a matter of deep concern 
to his solicitous friends. 

His father's family consisted of twelve children and in this family of twelve there 
were two pairs of twins. Their children were as follows: \\', H. and James (twins), 
Bessie, Michael, Mary (deceased), Thomas (deceased) and Ann (twins), Luke 
(deceased), John, Kate, a daughter (deceased) unnamed, and Douglas Garrigan. 

The Garrigans are members of the Roman Catholic church and are worthy citizens 
of the commonwealth. Mr. Garrigan is a member of the L O.- O. F., Knights of 
Pythias, and the L O. R. M. ~ 

— «> « » ■ 

JOHN C. SCH.-\\-CK. 

■ The Schancks of Moniiioiuh county. New Jersey, are all descended from one 
Ruloff Schanck Van Nydeck. who, with his brother Jan, emigrated to America from 
Holland in the year I'iso. It is deemed probable that they were born at Doesburg in 
the province of Guelderland. Ruloff Schanck Van Nydeck was married th'ee times 
—first in 1660 to Nultje Van Cowenhoven ; the second time in 1675 t5 Annetje 
Wyrkoff and the third time to Catharine Cregir. November 30, 1688. He had three 
sons, Martin. John and Garrett. Martin, the first born, remained on Long Island, where 
his father settled, and John and Garrett removed to Monmouth county, and from them 
were descended many men and women who in successive generations have been good 
and useful citizens. 

Garrett Schanck married Neltje Voorhees and had ten children, among them Gar- 
rett, who was born August 30, 1712, and who married Jane Conover. Garrett and Jane 
(Conover) Schanck had three sons named William, John and Garrett. John, the son of 
the second Garrett, was born .\ugust 28. 1745. married Maria De Nise. and ardently 
embraced the patriotic cause in the Revolutionary war. He became a captain of militia 
and made a record as a brave and devoted officer, who harrassed the enemy greatly to 
their loss and discomfort and who at one time was severely wounded. John and 
Maria (De Nise) Schanck had nine sons. From this illustrious ancestry sprang hun- 
dreds of loyal citizens of our great republic. 

John K. Schanck. the grandfather of Jolin C. Shanck i:i the pnternal line, 
married Anna Van Clees. who like him was born in Monmouth county, New Jersey. Of 
their family one son was Gilbert, born April 20, 1816, who married Micah Conover 
in 1863, and had children as follows: John K., who died at the age of seven months 
in 1865; John C, who was born September 26, 1866; Mary P.; and Lydia A., born in 
1869. died in January, 1873. Gilbert Schanck died August 3, 1882. Mrs. Micah 
(Conover) Schanck was born December 31, 1829. Gilbert Schanck was a practical 
and successful farmer, a man loyal to his convictions, but without political aspirations. 

His son, John C. Schanck. was reared and educated in .\tlantic township and 
was taught practical farming on his father's farm, which is no.v h's home. He 
married Miss Arianda Curchin, daughter of William and Malviia Curchin. of Fair 
Haven, who was born February 5. i8?2. and who has borne him one chid. Harold, 



HISTORY OF IHE NEW JERSEY COAST. 103 

who was born August 27, igoo. Mr. Schanck's grandparen:* in the maternal line 
were Isaac J. and Alkey (.Bennett) Conovcr. His grandfather was born September 
13. 1795. a"d his grandmother July 30, 1798. 



THOMAS MALCOLM \VALLL\G. 

The name of Walling has long been a familiar one in Monnwuth county, New 
Jersey, and it is well represented at Shrewsbury by Thomas M. Walling, who as a 
dairyman has attained considerable business protninence and has become known as 
one of the successful young men of the town. 

Thomas M. Walling was born at Keyport, Monmouth county, New Jersey, April 
22, 1870, a son of Eugene and ^L'lrgaret Walling anda grandson of Peter H. Walling, 
a native of Keyport, who became widely known as a mechanical genius. Eugene 
Walling and his wife, who have lived at Shrewsbury since 1884, have had five chil- 
dren, two daughters and two sons of whom are living. 

When his parents removed to Shrewsbury Thomas M. Walling was fourteen years 
old. He had already acquired a rudimentary education in the public school near his 
former home, and he studied further in the public schools at Shrewsbury, where he 
made gratifying progress. When he left school he gave his attention to farming, 
which he continued for ten years with marked success both as to practical experience 
and financial advantage. In 1899 he bought property of Mrs. Chasey and established 
his dairy enterprise, in which he was reasonably successful, gaining the confidence 
of a wide circle of patrons. He has recently re-embarked in agricultural pursuits at 
Scobeyville. 

Mr. Walling was married November 28, 1899, to Miss Elizabeth Cook, daughter 
of Daniel Cook, of Tintonfalls, who on the 22d of December, 1900. bore him a daugh- 
ter, whom they named Mary. 

*■"•"♦ 

CH.ARLES THO^L\S WHITE. 

In the vicinity of Eatonlown, Monmouth county, New Jersey, there have been few 
families which in successive generation; have been more highly respected than those. 
of ^\"hite and Wolcott, which are represented at- this time by Charles Thomas White 
and his mother, Maribah (Wolcott) White, and some of their relatives. Charles T. 
White is a son of the late Thomas White and a grandson of Jacob and Catharine 
White, who were born at Eatontown. .Mrs. Maribah White is the daughter of John 
and Lydia Wolcott and John was a son of Henry and .\bbie Wolcott. The Wol- 
coitts. who were of English extraction, were Quakers ..or F. icnds, and were suc- 
cessful farmers and citizens of good influence. Jacob White « as a Quaker, a 
truthful and positive man of retiring disposition, whose word was literally as 
good as his bond. His farm was large and well kept for the comparatively early 
day in which he lived, and by his wife Catharini he had five children, all of whom 
are dead. Thomas White, son of Jacob and Catharine, was born at Eatontown, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1822, and died .■Xugust 12, 1888. He married Miss Maribah Wolcott in 1849, 
and they had one son. Charles T. White, who is the immediate subject of this sketch. 
Thomas White was a worthy man of upright life and character, a Wliig and later 
a Republican in politics, and a Quaker in faith. He held several town.ship offices, 
among them that of surveyor of highways. His farm contained two hundred acres 



104 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

of land and he was a practical farmer and a progressive and prosperous business man. 
The Whites of the present day arc Baptists. 

Charles T. White, a successful farmer and one of the influential citizens of 
Eatontown, Monmouth county. New Jer^ey. was born January 6. 1853. and married 
Eliza Huhbard. daughter of Robert and Henrietta Hubbard. June 6. 1874. Mrs. White, 
who was born at Long Branch in l<>54. ha.-; borne her husband two children. Susie 
M.. March 12. 1877, and Maribah Henrietta. November 12. 1879. Susie M. died 
January 7, 1879. Mr. White, while not an active politician, takes an abiding interest in 
all matters affecting the welfare of the township and county and has in many ways 
demonstrated the fact thit he possesses much public spirit. He has been a generous 
contributor toward the support, of the Baptist church at Eatontown. of which he is 
one of the board of trustees, and ha-; been liberal in his aid of other religious bodies. 



PETER TILLMAN. 



Prominent among the energetic, far-seeing and successful Ijusiness men of this 
part of the state is Peter Tillman, who is the chosen freeholder of Rahway town- 
ship, Union county. His life history most happily illustrates what may be attained 
by faithful and continued effort in carrying out an honest purpose. Integrity, activ- 
ity and energy have been the crowning points of his success, and his connection with 
the various business enterprises and industries have been of decided advantage to 
the community, promoting its material welfare in no uncertain manner. 

Mr. Tillman was born in Raritan. Somerset county. New Jersey, April 28. i860, 
a son of Augustus and Magdalina (Hollanderl Tillman. His paternal great-grand- 
father, Peter Tillman, was the first gold and copper smelter in this country and 
built many of the first smelters erected here. The father of our subject, who was 
well known as a superintendent of mines, died in 1897, but the mother is still living. 

In the public schools of his native town Mr. Tillman acquired his early educa- 
tion. During his youth he entered the employ of the Jersey City Street Car Com- 
pany as an engineer, and remained with them until 1889. when he leased and operated 
the Incline Plane at Jersey City for seven years. He assisted in organizing the New 
Jersey Portland Cement Company of Perth Amboy, to which enterprise he has since 
given the greater part of his time and attention, being at present a stockholder, di- 
restor and superintendent of the company, which was incorporated in 1897 with H. 
B. Needham of New York City, president ; William Kolbe, treasurer ; Harry Rob- 
inson, secretary; Mr. Tillman, superintendent. On becoming connected with this 
concern Mr. Tillman went to Perth Amboy and equipped the plant, and under his 
capable management the business has grown so rapidly that they now employ about 
seventy-five hands and ship their product all over the country. At different times 
Mir. Tillman has become identified with several other business enterprises as side 
issues, owning a plant for the manufacture of bicycles at Jersey City and also a 
carpet cleaning establishment at that place. 

Mr. Tillman was united in marriage to Miss Emma E. Barber, and to them 
have been born three children, namely: Eva Brroks. Peter K.niiet'.i and Sarah 
Dorothy. He made his home in Jersey City from 1882 until 1898. w'hen he pur- 
chased an elegant residence in Rahway. and here he has since lived. He and his 
wife are prominent members of the Presbyterian church of this place and he is now 
serving as one of its trustees. .\s a Republican he takes quite an infiuent'al part 
in local politics; is president of the Rahway Republican Club; and in 1901 was 




Z,^^;^ CV'^^-^-^^t-'i^'-A.-v.--^ 



HISTORY OF THE XEW lERSEV COAST. 105 



elected chosen freeholder. He is also a member of the excise board of the city and 
is its present chairman. Socially he belongs to the Rahway Club : the Business Men's 
Bowling Club ; Bergen Lodge, No. 42. A. F. & A. M. : the Royal Arcanutri ; and 
the Loyal Additional. He is popular in social, as well as business and political cir- 
cles, and no citizen in the community is more honored or highly respecled. 



WILLIAM IRVEN GREEN. 

William Gretn, senior partner of the firm of Green & Borden, of ShreAVsbury, New 
Jersey, who operate the carriage shop known so well as the Van Schaick shop, because 
of its formerly having been owned and run by Robert Van Schaick, is a native of 
Hunterdon county. New Jersey, where he was born September 29. 1852. the son of 
Joseph H. and Rachel M. (Fisher) Green. Joseph H. was a blacksmith of excep- 
tional skill and experience; it was under bis instruction that William I. learned his 
trade. His education was acquired at the public schools of his native town, where 
hiis studious habits early fitted him for a life of usefulness. When nineteen years of 
age he was able to do good work in his father's shop, wdiere, as well as in (other 
places, he worked for a number of years. 

In 1874 he removed to Pattenburg. Now Jersey, where he started business on his 
own responsibility, which prospered. He removed then to Milford, New Jersey, then 
to Durham, Pennsylvania, Sparta, New Jersey, Suffern, New York, Hopewell, New 
Jersey, and finally in 1889 removed to Shrewsbury, where he purchased some prop- 
erty and established his own home. In 1898 he formed the connection mentioned 
above with Mr. Borden. Mr. Green as a mechanic is decidedly successful, having 
mastered every detail of his interesting trade, and besides is an astute busiiness man ; 
combining these qualifications, he is, of course, at home in any department of his 
carriage works and capable of looking after every interest, though he has personally 
taken charge of the blacksmith department for seven years. The firm of Green & 
Borden sell agricultural implements, while Mr. Green carries on a gene al black- 
smithing business and manufactttres vehicles of all kinds. One can feel thatt in send- 
ing work to them, or having work done by tlicm. it is sure to prove satisfactory in 
all respects. 

Mr. Green was united in marriage to Emily H. Fisher in 1874: there were born 
to them five children : Eva A., Joseph K., Lucilla, Be-sic M. and Rachel R. Mr. 
Green is an active member of the Jr. O. U. .'\. M. 



ANTHONV TAYLOR TRUAX. 

Anthony Taylor Truax. of Long Branch, a former hardware merchant and real- 
estate dealer, and now lumber merchant with Isaac H. Cramer, under the firm name 
of Truax & Cramer, lumber merchants and dealers in building material, was born 
October 17, 1847, at Poplar, Monmouth county, J^ew Jersey, son of the late Anthony 
and Tenty Ann (White) Truax. The family had its American founder in one of the 
early Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam, and the name is conspicuous in the annals 
of New York City: the first male child born on Manhattan Island is said to have 
been a Truax. Elias, the paternal grandfather, born at Shrewsbury, Monmouth 
county, July. 1788. owned a large farm in I-Iam Iton, was an old-line Whig, but later 



106 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

a stanch Republican. He served tliroiighout the war of 1812. He enjoyed excep- 
tional health, never experiencing a day's illness until attacked by pneumonia, to which 
he succumbed, June 2, 1881, in his ninety-fourth year. His wife, avno was Hannah 
Layton, died four years later, also at the age of ninety-four years. They had four 
children: Anthony, John and Sarah Ann, who became Mrs. Hamilton Banta. The 
fourth died in infancy. 

Anthony Truax, father of A. T. Truax. was bom at Hamilton. July 17. 1810, and 
arriving at man's estate removed to Poplar. He there added speculative enterprises 
to farm pursuits and invested his profits in bank, building and loan, and other stocks. 
He was an active Republican and was twenty years a justice of the peace at Poplar, 
and for five years he was wreckmaster, which involved his charge of wrecks along the 
Jersey coast, having in 1850 been appointed at Freehold commissioner of wrecks for 
Deal district. He was a member and trustee of the Methodist church at West Long 
Branch. His twelve children were: Henry; Hannah, who married Mathias Woolley; 
Jacob W. : Elias L. ; Mary Catharine, who married George Taylor ; Cornelia, who 
married Charles L. Hulick; A. T. ; George W. ; Joseph Chattel; and two who died 
as chilrdeji. Mr. A. T. Truax spent a brief period in the public schools of Poplar 
and thereafter assisted his father until he reached his majority. Refusing a farm 
which his father offered him, he entered his brother's grocery store for three years 
at Long Branch. In 1851 he opened a grocery store on his own account, continuing 
until 1892, when he discontinued the grocery branch of his business and was thereafter 
extensively engaged in the hardware trade. In March, 1896, he sold out his hardware 
establishment and did not re-embark in business until December, 1899, when he formed 
his present partnership, as above noted. He is a Republican, has been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church since fifteen years of age, and is now treasurer and 
a member of the board of stewards of that chilrch at Long Branch. Mr. Truax was 
one of the charter members of the Citizens' Bank of Long Branch. Mr. Truax has 
contributed to the development of Long Branch by the erection of several business 
and residential properties. 

Mr. Trua.x has been twice married. In March, 1870, he was married to Laura, 
daughter of Charles Hulick, of West Long Branch. She died May 11, 1885. Their 
children were Charles Lincoln, who died in infancy; Henry W. and Chester M. His 
present wife, Minnie Behr Truax, is a daughter of Frederick and Wilhelmina Brink- 
hautz, whom he married in October, 1S87. 



JAMES BRAV. 



The family of Bray, of Monmouth county, New Jersey, is one which has been 
high in honor there for many generations. Its representatives were conspicuous for 
their loyalty in the Revolutionary war and in the war of 1812, and at subsequent 
periods of our history they were patriotic to a degree that was highly creditable to 
them as American citizens. 

James Bray, of Lincroft, Atlantic township, Monmouth county. New Jersey, is 
a son of the late David Sutton and Eliza (McClain) Bray, and was born in Middle- 
town township, January 20, 1824. He was educated in the common schools near 
his boyhood home and at Matawan Academy, and early determined to be a farmer, 
and as such he has shown himself to be enterprising, resourceful, progressive and in- 
creasingly successful. He owns eighty acres of well cultivated and productive land 
and his residence, barns and outbuildings, and indeed all things about his farm, be- 



HISTORY OF THE XE\\- JERSEY COAST. 107 

token taste, thrift and prosperity. While he gives some attention to general crops, 
he devotes his energies more particularly to the production of fruit of the choicest 
kinds. He has been prominent in the affairs of Atlantic township since 1851, when 
he reinoved from Middletown. He has been elected to some important offices, includ- 
ing those of road commissioner and commissioner of appeals. A man known for his 
character and widely respected for his integrity, he is a member of the Baptist 
church of Red Bank, in which for twenty-six years he has held the office of deacon. 
Mr. Bray was married to Miss Elizabeth Grant, who bore him six children, 
named as follows: John A., deceased; David H. ; A. Judson ; James; William, 
deceased; and Catharine E. Mrs. Bray died August 25, 1884, and in 1886 Mr. Brar 
married Miss Gertrude White. 



CAPTAIN DAVID S. OLIPHANT. 

Captain David S. Oliphant, prominent both as a soldier and in civil life, was born 
in Barnegat, then in Monmouth county, now in Ocean county, New Jersey, June ir, 
1841, son of William D. and Eleanor (Pharo) Oliphant. both of Holland ancestry. 
The progenitor of the family, emigrating from Holland, settled in the Mohawk Valley, 
New York, during the seventeenth century, and tlhere in 1750 his great-grandfather, 
Johnathan Oliphant, was born, and was a substantial farmer. The line descends 
through David, born January 2, 1784, son of the preceding, and William D., son of 
David and father of Captain Oliphant. William D. was the second child of David 
and Mary McDonald Oliphant, was one of the most prominent citizens of the county, 
held the position of justice of the peace for many years, and for four years was 
county judge. He was born on his father's farm in the Mohawk Valley, New York, 
April 15. 1809, and died in Freehold, New Jersey, February 9, 1882. Besides Will- 
iam P., the eleven other children of this family were : Nancy, Hope. Selah, James, 
Jane Ann, Hannah, Ann, George, Caroline, Elizabeth and David. William's own 
children were: Mohlon. Eliza L., Hope, Thomas P., Mary E. Margaret A., David 
S., Theodore F. and Eleanor. 

Captain David S., the sixth child of the preceding, was reared on his father's 
farm and educated in the public schools of Monmouth county. His early life was 
shaped by the events of the Civil war, which broke out the year in which he reached 
his majority. August 7, 1861, he enhsted as a private in Company A, Sixth Regi- 
ment, New Jersey Volunteers, and continued in the service with many thrill ng ex- 
periences until the close of the war. Up to 1863 he had served as corporal and sec- 
ond sergeant. In October, 1863, he was discharged for promotion and commissioned 
second lieutenant Company D, Thirty-fifth New Jersey Veteran Volunteer Infantry, 
by Governor Joel Parker. On August i, 1864, he iwas made first lieutenant of the 
same company, and on April 12, 1865, he became captain and was assigned to Company 
E of the same regiment. He was mustered in as captain by special order of the Secre- 
tary of War; "Special order 378' reads: "Extract 45. To complete his record on 
the rolls. Second Lieutenant David S. Oliphamt, Company D, T.hiirty-fifth New Jer- 
sey Volunteer, an escaped prisoner of war, is hereby mustered out to date April 30, 
1865, and in as captain Company E, same regiment, to date May i, 1865. By order of the 
Secretary of War. 

"E. D. TOWNSEND, 

"Asst. Adj. General." 



io8 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

His final musltr out at the clo;e of the war is d; ted July 27, 1865. Be- 
tween May 4 and August 27. 1862, th.e records show that he_ part'cipated in the 
following engagements : The siege of Vorktown, Williamsburg. Virginia, Fair Oaks, 
Virginia, Pines, Virginia, Savage Station', Virginia, Glendale, Virginia, Malvern Hill. 
McClellan's seven days' retreat, Catlitts Station, Bristoe Station, second battle of Bull 
Run, Chancellorsville, Virginia, and Gettysburg. At Fair Oaks, June 2nd. he was 
slightly wounded. At second Bull Run he was taken prisoner by Longstreet's forces, 
paroled, but w-as exchanged in lime to take part in the Fredericksburg campaign. 

In 1863-4, assigned to the army of western Teimessee. he took part in engage- 
ment at Meridian, Mississippi, Resaca, Georgia. New Hope Church, Big Shanty, Kene- 
saw Mountain, Roswell Mills, Ruffs Mills and Decatur. Captain Oliphant was taken 
prisoner near Atlanta, Georgia, July 22, 1864, the same day that General McPherson 
was killed. Transferred to various southern prisons at Macon, Georgia, Charleston. 
South Carolina, and Columbia, South Carolina, he finally at the latter place effected 
his escape with three other officers ; by concealing themselves in the day time and 
traveling nights, they arrived after a perilous journey to the Federal lines at Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, January 17, 1865. A brother of Captain Oliphrnt. William D., also 
fought in the northern army, served through the war with an excellent record, 
and died soon after his return home with shattered health. 

Captain Oliphant's subsequent career, devoted entirely to business pursuits in 
Freehold, New Jersey, has been a prosperous one. He is at present retired from 
active pursuits. He is a charter member of Captain J. W. Conover's Post. No. 63. 
G. A. R., and has been adjutant for a number of years. In July. 186". he was mar- 
ried to Elizabeth Hale at Freehold. Tliey have one daighter. \vh 3 is now Mrs. 
Alfred Vandoren. 



JOSIAH A. STRATTON. 

No man in Monmouth county is more widely known or is more universal}' pop- 
ular than the subject of this review. He was born at Lakewood. New Jersey, Octo- 
ber 10, 1861, and is a son of George B. and Margaret (Guice) Stratton. The father, 
who was a molder by trade, is an honest, industrious and upright citizen, and his 
life has been uneventfully passed, with the exception of two years which he spent 
in the Union army, having been a brave and gallant soldier in Company I. Thirty- 
ninth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. Both he and his wife are still living, and 
now make their home at North Long Branch, New Jersey. They became the parents 
of ten children, five of whom still survive. — William. Josiah A.. Rachel. Josephine 
and Mary. 

Josiah A. Stratton. the fourth child in order of liirth. was reared and educated 
at Lakewood, his birthplace, and at the age of sixteen years he removed to Asbury 
Park, but shortly afterward returned to his native town in order to coinplete his 
high school education, remaining at that place for two years. In 1880 he became 
a resident of Elberon, New Jersey, entering the employ of Conrad T. Jones, who 
was one of the best known hotel proprietors in the state, and who also conducted 
an express office. In this office our subject spent the following five years as a clerk, 
after which he was given charge of the business and has ever since remained in con- 
trol. For thirteen years he has served as agent for the United States Express 
Company, and for fourteen years has been engaged in the real-estate business. 
Through the careful direction of his business interests and by indefatigable industry 
he has acquired a handsome property, and at the same time has so conformed to the 





^^ (AZZ^^B[^t?^iry\. 



HISTORY OF THE XEW lERSEV COAST. 109 



ethics of business life that he has the uiKiualified confidence of all with whom he 
has had trade transactions. For the past live years Mr. Slratton lias filled the re- 
sponsible office of judge of elections, discharging his duties therein with efficiency. 
His marriage with Miss Eveline Sickles was celebrated November 15. 18S3. The 
lady is a daughter of George and Catherine Sickles. Their union has been blessed 
with three children, but two died in infancy ; the surviving daughter, Florence, was 
born in 1884. In his social relations Mr. Stratton is a member of Long Branch 
Lodge, No. 78, F. & A. M., the Knights of the Golden Eagle, the Junior Order of 
United American Mechanics, and of Hose Company, No. 4, of Elberon. He owns 
two tine cottages in this beautiful little city, one of which is occupied by the Strat- 
ton family and the other is rented. During his long residence in Monmouth county 
Mr. Stratton has ever possessed the respect and confidence of his fellow citizens, 
and in this volume he well deserves honorable mention. 



WESLEY MASON. 



This well known citizen of Monmouth county resides on his beautiful farm near 
Keyport, where he owns eighty acres of land, to the cultivation of which he devotes 
his energies with excellent success. He was born in Middletown township, Monmouth 
county, October 20, 1833, a son of John and Phoebe (Seeley) Mason, both natives of 
New Jersey. The father was a carpenter and builder by occupation. The paternal 
ancestors were of English origin, and the maternal side is Holland Dutch. 

Wesley Mason learned the trade of a carriage-maker in early life, following that 
business for over twenty years at Middletown and Eatontown, in Monmouth county, 
but since 1865 has devoted his attention to the cultivation of the soil. In 1873 he 
purchased the farm on which he now resides, where he is extensively engaged in the 
raising of fruit and garden vegetables. He has one hundred and sixty apple trees, 
seven hundred and forty pear trees, one hundred cherry trees, and also raises large 
quantities of small fruits, such as blackberries, raspberries and many others. He also 
has about four hundred and fifty plum trees and twenty-eight hundred grape vines, 
and his annual sales amount to from four thousand to five thousand dollars. He is 
widely known as a successful fruit grower and gardener, and as the result of his 
well directed efforts he now has a valuable farming property, supplied with all modern 
conveniences and accessories. 

The marriage of Mr. Mason occurred on the 2d of October, 1856, Miss Mary M. 
Youmans becoming his wife. She was born March 24, 1836, a daughter of Henry and 
Jean Youmans, natives of New Jersey, but afterward settling near Long Branch. Mr. 
Mason's maternal grandmother and his wife's paternal grandfather were brother and 
sister. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Mason have been born eight children, four sons and 
four daughters, namely: Emma, who died at the age of twenty-two years; Wesley 
H., who passed away when two years of age; Phebe S.. also deceased, dying at the 
age of fourteen years ; Etta, the wife of Joseph Thornc ; Charles W.. who is engaged 
in farming near the old homestead; James S.. who assists his father in the cultivation 
of his farm ; Adeline S., at home ; and Daniel W., a druggist of Keyport. Mr. Mason 
gives his political support to the Democracy, and for many years has served as town- 
ship committeeman in Holmdel township, has been president of the board of educa- 
tion since the law was passed creating that body, and for a number of years has 
served as a commissioner of appeals in Middletown township. Mr. Mason was one 
of the founders of the Fruit Growers Association of Monmouth county, served as its 



no HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

buyer for several )-ears and has been one of its directors at intervals since its organi- 
zation. The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church at Harmony, in 
which he has served on its boards of stewards and trustees. Mr. Mason is a de- 
scendant and remote heir of Anneke Jans. 



JOHN HILLYER CURTIS. 

Tracing the genealogy of his family, John H. Curtis finds his paternal ancestors 
were natives of England, and on the maternal side spring from Spanish origin. He 
was born in Middletown township, April 2, 1848, a son of John and Elizabeth (Hill- 
yer) Curtis, both families for generations having been inhabitants of the county. The 
father of our subject started out in life a poor boy, but by patient industry and never 
failing tenacity of purpose he worked himself up from a farm boy, receiving the 
most meager wages, to become a man of wealth and position in his section. He was 
twice married; his first wife died in 1850; his second wife was Elizabeth Wilson, 
by whom he had one daughter, Elizabeth, wife of Fitzroy Walling, of New Mon- 
mouth. He died February 16, 1899, at the age of seventy-one years. 

. John H. Curtis, our subject, owns a fin-e farm of fifty acres with homestead at 
Raritan, and also a farm of one hundred and thirty acres, located near by in the 
township of Holmdel. He raises an abundance of fruit and garden truck, and is won- 
derfully successful in obtaining the best results. Our subject married on October 
20, 1872, Susan Clark, born September 29, 1851, daughter of Thomas S. and Susan 
(Walling) Clark. (See sketch of Cornelius V. Clark, and also of the Wallings.) 

Mr. and Mrs. Curtis have three children ; Florence, born November 8, 1873. 
wife of Charles X. Crawford, a farnner of Holmdel ; Harry P., born June 20, 1876, 
who married Blanche Thorn, and is a farmer of Raritan township ; J. Grover, born 
October 16, 1884, now living at home. 

Mr. Curtis adheres to Democratic principles and is quite active in political affairs, 
is well informed in regard to party measures and national affairs generally, has oc- 
cupied several public offices with dtie credit to himself, and is now serving his third 
term as commissioner of appeals. The family are active and zealous members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church at South Keyport. 



TEN EYCK CONOVER .\xd J. DON CONOVER. 

• Ten Eyck Conover, of Matawan township, Freneau Postofiice, New Jersey, 
is associated with his brother, J. Don Conover, in the growing of fruit, particularly 
apples, pears, peaches and plums. Their property consists of thirty acres of very 
productive farm land. For the number of acres involved, the farm is considered 
one of the best producers in the county. This is accounted for by the progressive 
spirit of its owners, who are thoroughly up to date in their methods, always bring- 
ing into play such practical, scientific principles as promise the best results. 

Ten Eyck Conover was born on June 28, 1855, in Madison township, Middle- 
sex coimty. He is the son of Garrett W. and Tahmaroo (De Nyse) Conover, na- 
tives of Monmouth county and descendants of the oldest families of the state. 
Garrett W. Conover, father of our subject, was a successful tiller of the soil and a 
highly respected citizen. His son follows in his footsteps, as he, too, is a farmer 





^^TPtiyiAK^ 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. iii 

of repute, and one who has served his fellow citizens in various capacities. Po- 
litically Mr. Conover is a Democrat; he is now (1902) serving his third term on 
the township committee, has been for nine years a member of the board of edu- 
cation, and was surveyor of highways for a number of years. He is a very genial 
and popular man. 

Mr. Conover was married on September 29. 1883. to Miss HoUie C. Denyse, who 
was born June i, 1871, and is a daughter of X. Harrison Denyse and Anna (Groser) 
Denyse. Mrs. Conover is a first cousin of her husband ; their children are — J. Don, 
born August 5, 1888, and Isabella D., born May 22, 1892. 

J. Don Conover, the brother of our subject, with whom he is connected in busi- 
ness, was born July 3. 1865, is a Democrat, and has for several years been collector 
for the township of Matawan. For some twelve years prior to the purchase of 
their present farm the brothers carried on farming in Madison township. 

J. Don Conover was married in 1885, to Hattie Walker, who died in 1888; 
they had one child, w'ho is deceased. Mr. J. Don Conover bears a reputation among 
his fellow citizens which would do credit to any man; he is a man of genial dispo- 
sition, and is persistent in carrying out his undertakngs. 



LEWIS C. ACKERSON. 

One of the fine dairy and fruit farms of Monmouth county is that owned by the 
Ackerson brothers, Lewis C. and Jefferson. Seventy-five acres in extent, it is sit- 
uated in Holmdel township and is a rich tract of land, especially adapted to the culti- 
vation of apples and pears, which are the principle horticultural products there raised. 
Everything about the place is neat and thrifty in appearance, indicating the careful 
supervision of energetic owners. 

The birth of Lewis C. Ackerson occurred on this farm July 30, 1854, his parents 
being John T. and Catherine (Laquier) Ackerson. The former was born on the 
old homestead in 1810 and died at the age of seventy-five years, while his wife, whose 
birth occurred in April. 1811, departed this life iDn the 29th of April, 1890, at the 
age of seventy-nine years. They were the parents of nine children, seven of whom 
reached years of maturity, while six are yet living, as follows: Jefferson, Lewis C, 
Abram L.. Garrett, Sarah J. and Catherine A. 

Reared upon the old hom-estead and educated in the common schools of the neigh- 
borhood, Lewis C. .\ckerson has always followed farming and with his brother is an 
equal partner in the home place of seventy-five acres. They are widely known as 
successful agriculturists and gruit growers, following the most modern methods in 
both departments of their business and gaining a substantial financial reward for their 
labor. 

On the 17th of February, 1891, Mr. Ackerson was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary A. Clark, of Scotch Plains. L'nion county. New Jersey, born September 20, 
i860, a danghter of Joseph and Harriett Clark. The father was a painter by trade, 
following that pursuit in order to provide for his fatnily. In his political views he 
was a Republican and filled the office of justice of the peace for a number of years, 
his long service well indicating his ability and fidelity. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Lewis 
C. .\ckerson has been born one son. Grover C.. whose birth occurred January 7, 1892. 
In politics Mr. Ackerson is independent, supporting the candidates whom he regards as 
best qualified for office. For several years he has served on the Ixiard of registers, 
and his official career is above reproach. Socially he is connected with the Inde- 



112 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and wherever he is known he is held in high regard 
for his genuine worth, his loyalty to his duties of citizenship, and his trustworrhiness 
in all life's relations. 

»« » 

JOHN HEXRY WILLEY. 

The farm of John H. Willey, near Keyport, in Monmouth county. New Jersey, 
consists of ninety-six acres, devoted to the culture of apples, pears, peaches, grapes, 
blackberries, raspberries, strawberries and other small fruits, and is one of the especially 
productive farms of Holmdel township. Mr. Willey bought this farm thirty years 
ago and since then has been constantly improving it in every way. 

John H. Willey was born in Middletown, Monmouth county, New Jersey, August 
5, 1844, a son of John and Harriet (Cotton) Willey, both natives of Derbyshire, 
England. His father was a furrier by trade, who died at the age of forty-five years 
in 1855. His mother died in 1863, aged fifty-five years. John and Harriet (Cotton) 
Willey had six children, five of whom ure living : Mary Ann, who became the wife 
of William Tanner, of Middletown; William, who is a carpenter at Red Bank; Sarah, 
who became the wife of David Walling, of Keyport, and is dead; Henry, who is 
a farmer at Keyport; and John H., the immediate subject of this sketch. 

Mr. Willey received but a limited education in the common schools of his native 
town. He was early initiated into the inysteries of farming. He was married Sep- 
tember II, 1863, to Syndonia Webster, a daughter of Aaron W. and Harriet (Smith) 
Webster, the former a native of Bucks county, Pennsj-lvania, the latter of Monmouth 
county. New Jersey. Her father was a farmer and her mother was a descendant of 
Penelope Stout. 

Mr. Willey is a Democrat in politics and keeps himself well informed concerning 
the affairs of the day and is one of the influential and respected citizens of his com- 
munity. Mr. Willey was one of the founders of the Monmouth County Fruit Grow- 
ers Asociation. and has served as buyer for the organization at intervals siiKe 1890. 



MICHAEL CRINE. 



Success has been worthily attained by Michael Crine, who is to-day accounted 
one of the prosperous farmers of Monmouth county. To his energy, enterprise, 
careful management and keen discrimination this is attributable. He started out in 
life a poor boy, a stranger in a strange land, and is now the owner of one of the 
most desirable farming properties of the locality. He was born in county Galway, 
Ireland, December 25, 1838. He received only meager educational advantages in 
his native land, and when eleven years old he left his home across the sea and came 
to America, landing in New York City without a cent in his pocket. His only 
relative in this country was an older brother, who had preceded him here by a few 
years, and after his arrival Michael made his way mostly on foot to near where he 
now resides, and for the first few years worked at any employment that would yield 
him an honest living. When fifteen years of age he began working at farm labor, 
receiving four dollars a month and his board, and with this small salary he was 
able in a few years to purchase seven acres of land. As the years have passed 
prosperity has attended his well directed efforts and in zSqj he added to his present 
beautiful homestead one hundred and ninety-five acres, formerly known as the Jona- 




/i^lyCcXyCZ^tjlL ^^l-rJp^^^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. iij 

than Morgan place, and located east of Morganville. His land is under a fine state 
of cultivation, and he is engaged in general farming and also in the raising of straw- 
berries for the market. Energy is one of his most marked characteristics, and he 
prosecutes his labors with a zeal that has brought to him rich returns. Substs.ntial 
buildings, the latest improved machinery, well kept fences and good grades of stock — 
these are among the accessories of the Crine farm. 

On the lOth of January, 1857. was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Crine and 
Miss Catherine Murphy, who is also a native of the Emerald Isle, coining to this 
country with relatives when a child. Of the children born to Mr. and Mrs. Crine 
ten survive, namely: Mary Elizabeth, at home; James, who married Mary Kelley; 
Delia, the wife of Michael Holland; Rosanna. wife of John Severs; Michael, who 
married Anna Cain; Walter, vvho married Kate Malloney ; Theresa, the wife of 
John Killcommon ; Robert V. ; Cassie ; and Agnes. Almost the entire life of Mr. 
Crine has been passed in Monmouth county, and he has a wide acquaintance among 
her best citizens, many of whom are included within the circle of his friends. 



JACOB E. WILSON. 



Jacob Edgar Wilson has passed the eightieth milestone on the journey of life, 
and yet, to a limited extent, still follows his trade of carriage-making, putting to shame 
many a man even of much younger age. w'ho. grown weary of the struggles of busi- 
ness life, would relegate to others the burdens he should bear. The career of Mr. 
Wilson has been a busy, useful and upright one, and his example in many respects is 
well worthy of emulation. 

His life record began in Holmdel. Monmouth county. New Jersey, where he first 
opened his eyes to the light of day October 25. 1821. He represents one of the ok! 
families of this state. His grandparents were John and Rebecca WiLsoii. in whose 
family were three children : William. James and Rebecca. Of these William became 
the father of our subject. He was a carpenter by trade and in conjunction with his 
building interests he owned and operated a small farm. His life was quiet and 
uneventful, but true to every duty, both public and private. He married Ann Newell, 
a daughter of Thomas Newell, who was a valiant soldier in the Revolutionary war, 
loyally aiding in the cause of independence. He lost a leg in battle. When the second 
war with England was inaugurated in 1812. William Wilson, the father of our sub- 
ject, entered the army as a defender of American rights. By his marriage he became 
the father of ten children, of wli/im three are yet living, namely : Jacob E.. Joseph and 
Albert. 

In his parents" home Jacob E. Wilson spent his boyhood days, and in his early 
life learned the wheelwright's trade, which he has follow-ed to some extent up to the 
present time; the milling business has also occupied his attention at times. He has 
spent the greater part of his life in Monmouth county, but for six years was a resident 
of Sharon Springs, New York, and removed from there to Mount Pleasant, now 
Freneau. in 1850. There he purchased property, built his shop, and erected a dwell- 
ing. He also purchased the old gristmill known as Henninger's Mill, which he owned 
and operated for ten years. In 1861 he removed to his present place of residence, 
where he has for forty years enjoyed the full confidence of his numerous patrons. He 
was an expert machinist, who could do anything in the line of mechanical construc- 
tion, and even though the snows of many winters have fallen upon his head, his hand 
has not yet lost its cunning; and although he is largely living retired, he often does 
8 



114 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

some piece of mechanical work that is an exposition of his skill and ability. In addi- 
tion to his home property he owns other houses, which he rents, and his income sup- 
plies him with the comforts of life. 

Mr. Wilson has been thrice married. He first wedded Maria Gilborn, and unto 
them were born two children — Frances, and an infant who died unnamed. For his 
second wife Mr. Wilson chose Matilda Piper, and they had one son. Edward. His 
third wife bore the maiden name of Elizabeth Warn, and they became the parents of 
seven children, — Emma, Florence, Minnie, Delia, Lydia, Albert and William; but the 
last named is now deceased. Mrs. Wilson died in 1872. 

Mt. Wilson has never taken any active part in politics aside from voting for the 
men and measures that are best calculated to promote the general good. His declining 
years are spent in ease and quiet. 



JAMES D. AVERY. 



James Denton .\very is the treasurer and general manager of the Cliffwood 
Brick Company and a very progressive, energetic young business man. His birth 
occurred at Highland Falls, Orange county. New York, April 20, 1861, and after 
acquiring a liberal education, which well prepared him for the practical and responsible 
duties of business life, he became, when nineteen years of age, interested in the brick 
manufacturing business with his father. He has since continued a member of the 
firm, which is now 'Conducting its operations under the name of the Cliflfwood Brick 
Company. The enterprise, energy and tireless industry of the young man, added to 
the broad experience and sound judgment of the father, make a strong business com- 
bination, and their ability is shown in the excellent success which attends the industry 
that now turns out upward of forty million bricks annually. 

February 15, 1882. Mr. Avery of this review was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary L. Billings, a daughter of Stephen and .■\nn Billings, of New York, and they 
have had five children. One son, Thomas, is deceased. The surviving children are 
Ann. Stephen, James and Charles. 

' James D. Avery is a member of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics 
and like his honored father holds membership in the Metliodist Episcopal church. 
Quick to note and improve opportunities, resolute and determined, he belongs to that 
class of citizens who are a valued addition to any community, contributing in a large 
degree to its commercial activity and thereby promoting the general welfare. 



MELVIN R. VAN KEUREN. 

Mclvin Randolph Van Keuren is a representative of an old Dutch family of 
Manhattan Island, which in different generations has played an important part in 
the history of that locality. His grandfather in the paternal line was Robert Van 
Keuren, who married Miss Odell. a member of a very prominent and influential 
family of New York. One of his great-grandfathers in the maternal line was a 
Price and a soldier in the war of 1812. and in the marine service he also did gallant 
service in defense of his country, dying while in the service. The grandmother of 
our subject in the maternal line was a Roberts, a member of the old Roberts family 
in Middletown. New Jersey, and Iut father was a soldier in the war of 1812, sta- 
tioned at Sandy Hook. The parents of our subject were Benjamin and Mary E. 
(Price) Van Keuren. The father, who was born at Poughkccpsie, New York, is a 





•-dixJCucYti^i^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 115 

prominent business man in Jersey City, where he has served his fellow citizens 
as police commissioner, as alderman, and as commissioner of public works. His 
wife, who died in 1891. bore him seven children, three of whom are living. — Charles, 
who is chief engineer of Jersey City; Mielvin R., the immediate subject of this sketch; 
and Mrs. Day, — Mrs. Day's brother-in-law represents the United States government 
as consul at an English port. 

Melvin R. Van Keuren, a civil engineer, is one of the most prominent citizens 
of Eatontown, Monmouth county. New Jersey. He was born in New York City, 
January 19, 1855, and received his primary education in the public schools of Jersey 
City. Later he took up the study of engineering at the Hasbrook Institute, of Jersey 
City, and completed the course at Cooper Institute. New York. He adopted civil 
engineering as a profession and succeeded in building for himself an enviable pro- 
fessional reputation. From 1872 until 1876 he was employed as assistant in the 
engineering corps of Jersey City, and was then successively employed in the audit- 
ing department of the Pennsylvania Railroad at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, as en- 
gineer of construction for the Jersey City and Albany roads; he then went to west- 
ern Pennsylvania as resident engineer for the Pittsburg, New Castle & Lake Erie 
Railroad, now a part of the Pittsburg & Western system. He was afterward chief 
engineer of the Pittsburg, Marion & Chicago Railroad, and in 1882 went to Ten- 
nessee, where he built the Knoxville & New River Railroad, of which he was the 
projector, a stockholder and also the chief engineer and president. Soon after the 
completion of that line he sold his interest therein and returned to New Jersey, and 
for a short time lived near New Brunswick, where he owns a farm, and there also 
built a large modern house. From there he went to Eatontown. where he was associated 
with and employed by the Monmouth Park Association as its engineer, in which 
capacity he laid out its grounds, located its buildings, and fitted its park for its in- 
tended use. In iSo,^ the act of the New Jersey legislature prohibited racing, thus 
causing the dissolution of the Monmouth Park Association, and its grounds were 
purchased by Mr. Van Keuren, who returned to Jersey City and is now employed 
as contracting engineer. 

In 1897 he purchased his present home, which is beautifully situated on a slight 
elevation at the border of the quaint old village of Eatontown. His estate consists 
of six hundred acres of land, the limits of which touch Shrewsbury. Little Silver, 
Ocean Port and Eatontown on the south and west. Mr. Van Keuren's object, to which 
he is devoting his best abilities a-s a civil engineer and his extensive knowledge of 
landscape gardening, is to so beautify the locality as to induce suburbanites to seek 
residence places on this estate. He is a man of much public spirit, and w-herever 
he has lived has devoted himself zealously to the public good. He is a member of 
Washington Lodge, No. 9. F. & A. M., of Eatontown. and of the Palma Club of 
Jersey City. 

Mr. Van Keuren was married September 15. 1880. to Mary Emma Coriell, a 
slaughter of Abner S. and Catharine Coriell. She was born near Plainfield and is 
descended from old and honorable New Jersey families. Mr. and Mrs. Van Keuren 
have five sons, named respectively Melvin R., Walter C, Raymond. Benjamin and 
\'alcntine. 

< » » 

JOHN HENRY SCHL'LTS. 

The sturdy, enterprising ciuality of the English character, which has become ap- 
parent wherever Englishmen have settled in .-Xnierica, has been manifested in Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, by several prominent citizens, notably by John H. 



ii6 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Schults, a nierchant farintT. who lives and does bus-iness at Pine Brook, and wliose 
posloffice address is Tiiitonfalls. 

John H. Schults is a son of John and Caroline (Brown) Schults. natives of 
England, who emigrated to America and located on the farm of seventy-five acres 
which is now the home of their son, the subject of this sketch. They had children 
named John H., Joseph, Carrie, Lydia. Ann and Frank. William Brown, Mr, 
Schults' grandfather in the maternal line, was an Englishman, who married an Eng- 
lishwoman named Mary White. He was a millwright by trade and became a promi- 
nent figure in Moninouth county, where he erected a number of mills, which have 
been in constant operation to this day. In every way he was a man of usefulness 
and influence in his adopted country and ably filled the office of justice of the peace, 
and otherwise served his fellow citizens in a pulilic way. William and Mary (White) 
Brown had children named Job, William, John. Margaret, Mary A. and Caroline, the 
last mentioned of whom was Mr. Schults' mother. 

John H. Schults was born at Pine Brook, Monmouth county. New Jersey, Au- 
gust 30, 1856, and was educated in the public schools and early initiated into the 
mysteries of practica-l farming, a pursuit to which he has devoted himself diiring 
all his active years. His farm, consisting of sixty acres of valuable land, is devoted 
to miscellaneous crops and garden stuff. In 1901 he bought a store at Pine Brook 
and is achieving a satisfactory success as a merchant. 

Mr. Schults married Miss Rose Dean, a daughter of John and Mary Dean, who 
was born in Shrewsbury township, and who has borne hinr children named James, 
Mary. William. Maggie. Henry and Kittie Mr. Schults is a member of the Ben 
Hur society, takes a patriotic interest in political affairs and is a citzen of much enter- 
prise and public spirit. 



WILLIAM H. POTTER. 

The Potter family, of which our subject is a worthy representative, is one of the 
oldest of Hunterdon county. New Jersey. Pottersville was first settled by. and the 
town derived its name from, this family. William H. Potter, the son of Jonathan 
and Carolin (Crater) Potter, was born at Pottersville on July j. 1859. Here he re- 
ceived his early mental training at the public schools, and later he took up a course 
of study at the Cornell Preparatory School, at Somerville, this state. He early com- 
menced his comrnercial career as a clerk in his father's store, where he remained until 
1878. He then located in Asbury Park, New Jersey, and entered the employ of Stein- 
bach Brothers, dry-goods merchants. For six years he continued in this position, when 
in 1884 he entered the dry-goods business on his own account, locating at North 
Spring Lake, this state. In addition to. and in connection with, his well established 
trade, in 1885 he took up the real-estate and insurance business, and since then has 
successfully carried on his widely differing business enterprises up to the present 
time. 

A Democrat in politics. Mr. Potter has occupied positions of trust and responsi- 
bility of a public character, having been collector for the borough of North Spring Lake 
from 1884 to 1893, also having occupied a position in the borough council of North 
Spring Lake, extending over a period from 1893 to the present time, and is vice-presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Spring Lake. New Jersey. 

.Socially he is afliliatcd with Wall Lodge. No. 73. F. & A. M.. of Manasquan. New 
Jersey, and with Wall Castle. No. 57, Knights of the Golden Eagle, of Spring Lake. 
He has been a member of the F'irst Presbyterian church of Asbury Park ever since 
its organization. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 117 

It can be said of Mr. Potter that ho is a seU-nuide man, and so well and pro- 
portionately has he carved out his career that it would be dit^cult to discover any 
flaws in the pattern he has set himself. 



D.\RIUS V.\NDEMARK. 

A well known and respected resident of Eatontown, Monmouth county, New 
Jersey, is Darius \'andemark. who was born in Sullivan county. New York, Septem- 
ber 28, 1851. His parents were Washington and Harriet (Dutcher) Vandemark, 
and he was reared and educated in the public schools of his native place. Mr. 
Vandemark early displayed ability in the handling and rearing of stock, particularly 
horses, and has owned some celebrated ones, among which may be mentioned Mam- 
brino Pilot, Jr., time 2:22; Beauty, time 2:16. .A. number of his horses have won 
some most hotly contested races in the state, and he is regarded as an authority on 
the good points and probable speed of the racing horses in this vicinity. Mr. 
Vandemark has handled stock for market very extensively, also selling and exchang- 
ing. Prior to i8g5 he owned a fine farm in Westchester county. New York, but after 
selling that property he came to Monmouth county and purchased a valuable farm 
01 Mr. Smock, consisting of seventy acres, in Shrewsbury township. This tract 
has been greatly improved by Mr. Vandemark, and he has already shown that he 
is a thorough and capable agriculturist. 

On March 2. 1S81, our subject was united in marriage to Miss Ida L. Umpstead, 
a native of Brooklyn, New York, who was a daughter of Andrew and Mary Ump- 
stead. To this union have been born three children, namely: Flora D. : Winfield, 
deceased : and Anna B. 

Mr. Vandemark is a self-made man and has been prominent in public affairs 
wherever he has lived. In Sullivan county. New York, he took a leading part in 
county politics, and was both assessor and road cominissioner. Since his location in 
Monmouth county he has made many warm personal friends, has established a repu- 
tation as a true horseman and has become a valued citizen. 



HOWLAXD REYNOLDS. 

Howland Reynolds, who is identified with the building interests of Monmouth 
county, resides south of Eatontown, near the farm on which his birth occurred 
November 5, 1866. He is a son of Robert and Anna L. (Howland) Reynolds. The 
father was born near Eatontown in 1844 aud made farming his life work, always 
following that occupation, with the exception of a few years which he spent in New 
York City. His parents were James and Phebe (Dangler) Reynolds. The grand- 
father of our subject was the first cf the name to locate in Monmouth county. He 
owned a farm of one hundred and sixty acres near Eatontown and was a man of 
excellent business ability and capable management. His industry, enterprise and 
keen sagacity brought to him success and as his financial resources iiKreased he in- 
vested his money in farms, 'which he left to his children, eight in number, na,mely : 
Mrs. George Mount, Mrs. H. Chamberlain. John. Robert. William, Mrs. A. T. Metzer, 
Mrs. Charles A. Post and Mrs. Solomon Gardner. The ladies named above are 
all residents of West Long Branch, and the brothers of Eatontown. Jami-s Re.vnolds 



I IS HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

dieri September i. iS8y. but his wife, who was born in 1815. still (1902) survives. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Robert Reynolds are also living and make their home in Mon- 
mouth county upon their farm near Eatontown. Their children are: Howland ; 
James, deceased; Cora M., deceased; Phebe A., deceased: Calvin R. ; and Jthn H., 
deceased. ■ " — ■ - 

In the neighborhood where his birth occurred Howland Reynolds was reared, 
his time being passed in the usual manner of farmer lads of the period. He acquired 
his early education in the common schools, and it was supplemented by a course in 
Freehold Academy. During the summer months he assisted in the work of the 
home farm and continued to aid in the labors of the fields until his twentieth year, 
when he began to learn the carpenter's trade. The occupation proved congenial and 
he .soon mastered the business, which he has since followed with excellent success; 
for as the years have gone by he has secured a constantly growing patronage, many 
residents of the community desiring the benefit of his skill and experience in build- 
ing and repairing. 

On September 4, 1892, Mr. Reynolds led to the marriage altar Miiss Ann Dangler, 
a daughter of Joseph C. Dangler. She was born near her present home, and by 
her marriage has become the mother of one daughter, Elsie, who was born No- 
vember 17, 1894. The family have a very attractive home, which was remodeled by 
Mr. Reynolds in a modern style of architecture and is supplied -with all modern 
conveniences, while the lawn and other surroundings are very tasteful. Mr. Reynolds 
belongs to Mizpah Lodge, No. 61, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of which 
he is the vice grand, and to the Order of Red Men, filling the chair in the latter 
order. He enjoys the good will of his brethren of these fraternities, while in business 
circles his word is as good as his bond. 



RICHARD WILSON. 



Richard Wilson, an enterprising business man of Ocean Grove, New Jersey, 
also prominent in various fraternal societies, and a Civil war veteran, is a native 
of the state, born in Burlington, March 18, 1834. His parents were William and 
Caroline Wilson. His education was obtainetf tn-the pirblic schools of his native 
city, and was amply sufficient to enable him to transact all the business in which 
he has been engaged during a busy life. He performed farm labor until he was 
nineteen years of age, when he undertook to learn the trade of a wheelwright, and 
devoted to it two ye'ars, during which time he obtained an excellent practical knowl- 
edge of that important department of mechanics. For two years afterward he was 
again engaged upon a farm. He then located in Florence, New Jersey, and took 
employment in the pattern department of the foundry in that place. He had de- 
veloped fine ability for that particular class of work, involving something of the 
talent of the artist as well as the skilled labor of the finished mechanic, and 'had 
he persisted in his calling, he would undoubtedly have attained to distinction. 
The Civil war, however, moved him to take up arms in defense of his country, and 
incidentally gave to his life a new direction. 

In the early summer of 1861 he enlisted in the First Regiment, New Jersey 
Volunteer Cavalry. He had acquired considerable knowledge of horses while upon 
the farm, and he was made a non-commissioned officer and placed on duty in the 
important position of battalion veterinary surgeon, and he served in that capacity 
until October. 1862. His usefulness in this department had been amply demon- 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. ng 

strateti, and on the latter date he was transferred to the quartermaster's depart- 
ment in Wasliington, where he was charged with the responsible duty of inspecting 
and treating horses for field service, an indispensable prerequisite to the efficiency 
of the cavalry arm. During this period, the government employes were formed into 
companies and regiments for the defense of the capital, and he was commissioned 
captain of the company known as the Meigs Guards, thus named for Quartermaster 
General Meigs ; he served in that capacity, often under arms and on guard duty, 
until November, 1866, when he was mustered out, the war having ended. 

Captain Wilson then returned to Florence. New Jersey, and conducted a hotel 
for four years. In 1870 he w'ent to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and entered the 
employ of the Knickerbocker Ice Company, with which he remained for ten years. 
In 1S80 he took up his residence in Ocean Grove, which has since been his place of 
abode and the scene of his effort. He immediately engaged with the Ocean Grove 
Association as a carpenter and as superintendent of their ice business, and for 
fourteen years his service for that company was continuous and useful. In 1894 
he established ?n ice business on his own account, which he has since prosecuted 
with entire success. In his business relations he enjoys the confidence of all. and 
he is held in esteem throughout the community as a man of unimpeachable integrity 
and a public-spirited citizen. He maintains his business office at his residence, the 
building whch he has occupied from his first coming to Ocean Grove, at No. 108 
Heck avenue. 

He is prominent in various of the leading social and fraternal organizations, 
holding meiubership in C. K. Hall Post. No> 41, G. A. R. : in Coast City Council, 
No. 813. Royal Arcanum : and in the following named bodies of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows: Neptune Lodge, No. 84: Atlantic Encampiuent. No. 22: 
Canton Atlantic. No. 7. Patriarchs Militant: and .Atlantic Rebekah Degree Lodge, 
No. 2. He has held official position in all the.-e orders, and frequently in the latter 
named. 

Captain Wilson was married December 25, 1855, to Miss Sarah Elizabeth Rich- 
ardson, daughter of James B. and Mary Richardson, of Florence. New Jersey. 
Born of this marriage were the following named children : James R.. born January 
9. 1857; Harriet H., born April 10, 1858; William R., born November 13, i860; 
Benjamin F. and Richard, twins, born July 13. 1863. who died, respectively. March 
10 and March 13, 1864 ; George W., born May 9. 1865; Sarah £.. born March 31, 
1867; Richard, born October 31. 187 1 ; Mary E.. born September 17, 1873, and died 
September 25. 1886: Samuel S.. born December 17. 1876. and died .\pril 5. 1882; and 
Frank T. born December 27, 1878. 



JOHN SHEEHAN. 



One of the most popular and prominent citizens of Red Bank is John Sheehan. 
the well known proprietor of the Abbott House, on Shrewsbury avenue, where he 
has carried on business for twelve years. He is a native of Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, his birth having occurred in Shrewsbury township. December 25, 1849. his 
father being Patrick Sheehan, who emigrated to America from the Emerald Isle in 
1845. Educated in the schools of his locality. John Sheehan in his early business 
career was engaged as foreman for James M. Lowree. a prominent contractor for 
the building of water works in various cities, operating largely in the southern 
states and erecting many important plants of this character. Mr. Sheehan in this 



I20 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

capacity gained a wide reputation for efficient workmanship and for the fidelity with 
which he lived up to the terms of his contracts, thereby winning for his employer 
a liljcral patronage. About twelve years ago he erected the Abbott House in Red 
Bank and has since conducted the hotel, which has become a favorite with 'the 
traveling public on account of the comforts and conveniences which the guests are 
there enabled to enjoy. Parlors, dining room and sleeping apartments are all well 
equipped and the genial and obliging landlord wins many friends among his patrons. 
In public affairs Mr. Sheehan is an active and prominent figure and his influ- 
ence is always on the side of progress and improvement. He votes with the Democ- 
racy and on that ticket was chosen a commissioner of the town of Red Bank. He 
has filled the position for two terms and at a recent election ran as an independent 
candidate, not having been nominated at the primaries, and was elected by the 
largest majority ever given any candidate for the office, and by far the largest vote 
ever polled at a city election. Nearly all of the leading business men gave him their 
support and influence. His record is one of which he has every reason to be proud 
and indicates that he has a host of warm friends. , 



LVTTLETON WHITE. 



The well known resident of Eatontown. Monmouth county. New Jersey, whose 
name is above, is an honored representative of two old families who have lived on 
the New Jersey coast for three centuries. The Whites are of English descent and 
trace their origin to Samuel White from Deal, England, who came early to America 
and settled on the present site of Deal, New Jersey. Of Quaker faith, the Whites 
were of that sturdy stock who adhered to those primitive principles, simple yet 
sufficient, which when carried into practice elevate the standard of humanity and 
bring it nearer to its Creator. 

Robert R. White, the paternal grandfather of Lyttltton White, was born near 
Red Bank, New Jersey, and became a prominent and respected farmer in Shrews- 
bury township. He married Clemence Dennis, daughter of Jacob and Margaret 
Dennis, and had children named Elisha, Lyttleton. Ashur and Ann. In politics he 
was a Whig and in religious affiliation he was a Friend. -He died September i6, 
1815, his wife March 8, 1847, at the age of eighty-seven years. 

Elisha White, son of Robert R. and Clemence (Dennis) White, was born near 
Red Bank in 1791. After he left school he learned the carpenter's trade, at which 
he worked at Eatontown and later at Red Bank. He was a mechanic of unusual 
skill, and his reputation brought him such a lucrative patronage that he was enabled 
to amass a considerable fortune. He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and by political affiliation was a Whig. He married Miss Mary Lewis, 
who was born in I7g8. and who bore him children as follows: Reding L.. dead; 
John P., dead; Foreman, dead: Anna E.. dead: Gordon D., dead: Catharine, dead; 
Mary C. dead; Lyttleton: Barzilla : Catharine, dead. The father of these children 
died in March, 1868. at the age of seventy-seven years. 

Mr. Lyttleton White's great-great-great-grandfather on the maternal side was 
Samuel Dennis, and his wife's Christian name was Increase. He came to this coun- 
try from England in 1675, and died in 1723. and was the founder of Mr. White's 
American ancestry in the maternal line. He was the father of Jacob Dennis, whose 
wife was Clemence. They had a son Jacob, whose wife was Margaret, and their 
daughter, Clemence Dennis, married Robert R. White, who was Mr. White's grand- 




<^^^»^^^fcl/^^^.^C^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 121 

father in the paternal line. Jacob Dennis was a Whig and was a standi suppdrter 
of the cause of the colonies in their struggle for independence. He was a fearless 
soldier in the ranks of the continental army and a price was set on his head by 
those who sought to compass his downfall. At one time he was taken prisoner, but 
he was finally liberated. Before the Revolutionary war he held the office of magis- 
trate under the king of England, and after the independence of the colonies had been 
recognized he was elected a member of the colonial assembly, and in that body and 
elsewhere proved himself a man of worth and influence. His descendants in suc- 
cessive generations have been good and loyal citizens. 

I.yttleton White, of Eatontown, Monmouth county. New Jersey, son of Elisha 
and Mary (Lewis) White, was born .-Kpril 7, 1833. He acquired a primary edu- 
cation in the common schools and was later a student at the high school at Red 
Bank, then learned the tinner's trade, at which he worked for a time in his native 
town. Later he removed to Long Branch and finally settled at Eatontown, where, 
in the enjoyment of the confidence of his fellow citizens, he is likely to spend the 
remainder of his days. Since he retired from business in 1892 he has been honored 
with various offices of trust. He was for several years a school trustee and for 
nine years a freeholder and is now the incumbent of the office of county auditor 
of Monmouth county, which he has filled for six years with great credit. He is a 
member of the Protestant Episcopal church and is an influential member of its 
vestry, and he affiliates with Oceanport Tribe, Improved Order of Redmen. 

Lyttleton White married Miss May Lambertson, February 4. 1853. Mrs. White, 
who was born in Middlesex county, New Jersey, in 1835. a daughter of Joshua Lam- 
bertson, has borne her husband three children: Their daughter, Anna E.. is dead. 
Their son, William L., is a prominent business man of Easton, Pennsylvania, and 
ex-coniptroller of that city. Their son. Harry, is a minister of the gospel, of Uni- 
tarian faith, having a charge at Duluth, Minnesota. 



ADON LIPPINCOTT. 



.•\don Lippincott has been identified with the beautiful city of Asbury Park 
during the period of its history in which it reached that high development which has 
made it an ornament among seaside resorts, sought by European as well as American 
tourists. In that work he bore a full part, and to him is awarded, by common 
consent, a large share in the credit due for praiseworthy accomplishments. He also 
enjoys the high distinction of having been specially honored by the war department 
for faithful and gallant service during the Civil war. 

Mr. Lippincott was born at Harrisonville, Gloucester county. New Jersey, May 
25. 1839, son of Chalkly and Phoebe Lippincott. He received a public school edu- 
cation, and he assisted his father on the home farm until he attained his majority. 
At the outbreak of the Civil war. in 1861. he enlisted as a private in the Forty-eighth 
Regiment, New York Volunteers, and re-enlisted at the expiration of the three years' 
term of service, being mustered out at the end of the war. April 16, 1865. He rose 
through the various grades to a full captaincy, and was brcvetted major of volun- 
teers, his commission bearing the signature of the President. During the earlier 
part of the war he served in the department of the South, and in the latter por- 
tion in the department of the James. The engagements in which he participated 
were those of Hilton Head. Port Royal Ferry, Fort Wagner, Olustee. Drury's Bluff, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg. Chapin's Farm. Fort Fisher. Wilmington and Raleigh. 



122 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

After leaving the army Major Lippiiicott engaged in carpentering and worked at 
the trade first in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and then in Camden. New Jersey. In 
1878 he took up his residence at .Asbury Park, New Jersey, and began contracting and 
building, an occupation which he has successfully followed, and in which he is yet 
engaged, with his offices at No. 907 Main street. During all these years he has 
been busily engaged, and in the extension and beautifying of the city with modern 
residence structures he has contributed a full share. In all bis transactions he has 
displayed the qualities Of a discerning man of afifairs and of eminent uprightness. 
He is remarkably well preserved, despite the hardships and exposures he encoun- 
tered during four years of service in the field in time of war, and gives promise of 
many added years of usefulness. 

Mr. Lippincott is a member of the First Congi^egational church. In politics he 
is an ardent Republican. April 16, 1868. he was married to Miss Anna C Clark, 
daughter of William P. Clark, of Philadelphia. She died April 8, 1894, leaving one 
son now living, Walter C. born February 27. 1871, now associated with his father 
in business. Mr. Lippincott was married April 18, 1901, to Miss Irene Wilson, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Arthur Wilson, a prominent citizen of Asbury Park. 



A. PETFORD CRANSTON. 

A. Petford Cranston, who has held the office of superintendent of the Com- 
mercial Cable Company building in New York City since the formation of the com- 
pany, was born in Brooklyn, New York, March 17, 1865. a son of Alfred and Eliza- 
beth H. (Petford) Cranston, the latter mentioned being a native of the state of 
Ohio, and the former being born in Georgia; the father removed to Brooklyn when 
quite a young man, and decided to make his home there ; he enlisted with the 
Fourteenth Regiment, and served all tihrough the Civil war : for his bravery and 
daring during that trying ordeal he was appointed to a captaincy. He and his wife 
still reside in Brooklyn. 

.A Petford Cranston, who resides at the present time in Colonia, W'oodbridge 
township. New Jersey, spent his youth and early manhood in Brooklyn, and Mor- 
ristown. New Jersey. He acquired his education in the common schools of the latter 
named place, and upon attaining manhood he became interested in railroading in Ari- 
zona, and subsequently engaged in building smelters for copper in Arizona and other 
parts of the southwest. During the same period he was also engaged in government 
service, in connection with Indian affairs. He came to New York City about nine 
years ago, when the Postal Telegraph Building was being erected, and became con- 
nected with that company ; he remained with them until 1897, when the position he 
now holds w-as offered him and accepted. 

In 1894 Mr. Cranston decided to purchase the Jones Mill place at Colonia, New 
Jersey. There had been some litigation about an ancient title to the property ; Mr. 
Fullerton, who was a man of considerable consequence, and the first schoolmaster 
in Woodbridge, claimed it, as did also Jeffrey Jones, who fir.ally appealed to the 
King of England ; the king sustained the claim and Mr. Jones took possession 
in May, 1695. as the old grant shows. It remained in the Jones family until bought 
by -Mr. McDonald, \vh<i left it to Samuel McDonald, from whom Mr. Cranston pur- 
chased it. 

Mr. Cranston has been a niernber of the Woodbridge township school board. He 
is a member of the Masonic order of New York City, I.o:lge No. 67, and of the 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 123 

Iiulepeiulent Order of Odd Fellows. .\rti.-^tic Lodge. No. loi. of Brookly.-. Mr. 
Cranston married Miss Florence A. I-ovatt. Mrs. Cranston was a daughter of Mr. 
William Lovatt, for many years a promincnit manufacturer in Niewark. 



NICHOL.-\S WILLIAMSON, M. D. 

To know Dr. Williamson is to esteem and honor him. He occupies a position in 
the ranks of the medical fraternity never attained except by meil of pronounced 
ability, and, moreover, in the affairs of the city he has been a most important factor, 
filling the office of mayor for three consecutive terms ; his administration has won 
him the highest commendation of men of all parties, for his course has ever been 
characterized by reform^ by progress and improvement. New Brunswick has bene- 
fited by his efforts in large measure, and she justly honors the man who has so 
greatly promoted her welfare. 

The Doctor is a native of New York City, his birth having there occurred 
on the gth of March, 1845. He has back of him an ancestry honorable and dis- 
tinguished, including James .\beel, one of his great-grandfathers, who served ?s deputy 
quartermaster general under Washington in the Revolutionary war and rendered 
valuable aid to the colonies in their struggle for independence. His father, Nicholas 
Wiliamson. was for some time paying teller in the Bank of New York and after- 
ward president of the Novelty Rubber Company of New Brunswick, an industry 
which proved an important factor in the upbuilding of this city. His death oc- 
curred in 1862. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Mary Rebecca Burlock, was 
a native of the West Indies. 

Dr. Williamson spent part of his youth in New Brunswick, but after his father's 
death the family returned to New York City, spending three years in the metropolis. 
On the expiration of that period they again came to Middlesex county. The Doctor 
pursued his education in private schools, having been a pupil of the present Judge 
Jonathan Dixon. He entered Rutgers College in 1862. but finding an oppmtunitv 
to go into business with his father in the Novelty Rubber Company, he gave up col- 
lege. He remained in business until 1869. when he left that enterprise in order 
to prepare for the practice of medicine, which he had determined to make his life 
work. His preceptor was Dr. Henry R. Baldwin, a distinguished member of tlie 
medical profession of ^Middlesex county. He further continued his studies in the 
University of New York, in which he was graduated with the class of 1871, and he is 
also a graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York. A man 
of Dr. Williamson's nature could never content himself with mediocrity — the highest 
degree of perfection attainable being his goal. To this end he pursued an advanced 
medical course in Edinburgh, Scotland, being graduated in the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons of that city, with the class of 1879. He has always been a deep, 
earnest and discriminating student of his profession, continually broadening his 
knowledge by reading and investigation, and using with excellent result those medical 
agents known to the calling. The large patronage accorded him stands in unmis- 
takable evidence of his ability, for people do not risk their most priceless treasure, 
health, in the hands of the unskilled or incompetent. 

The Doctor has been twice married, his first wife being Sarah, the daughter of 
Dr. George H. Cook. She died in 1878, and on the 2d of June, 1881. Dr. William- 
son was joined in wedlock to Miss Clara A. Gurley, of Troy, New York, a daughter 
of William Gurlev. Their children are Clara C, born March 21. 1882; Ruth A., 



124 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

whose birth occurred May 31. iSSd; Charles Gurley, born Februay 23, 1888; and 
Mary Agnes Burlock, July 29, 1891. 

In addition to his professional duties the Doctor has other business interests, 
being a stockholder and director in the New Brunswick Savings Instituton. His 
social relations connect him with Union Lodge, F. & A. M.. with the Phi Beta Kappa 
Society of Rutgers College, and with the Sons of the Revolution. He belongs to the 
Second Reformed church of this city. In the line of his profession he is connected 
wiith the Middlesex County Medical Society and the New Jersey State Medical 
Society ; and .American Medical Association. He is always deeply interested in any- 
thing that promises to disclose the key to the mystery which we call life, and to aid 
him in his important work in the restoration of health. But wtiile professional 
prominence has been won by him. Dr. Williamson has also been honored in other 
ways by his fellow townsmen, for in 1882 he was elected to represent the fifth ward 
in the city council and was continued in (that office until 1886. In 1895 he was chosen 
by popular suffrage to the highest elective office within the gift of his fellow towns- 
men, and for two successive terms was re-elected mayor of New Brunswick. The 
city has never had a more capable officer, for while his course has been progressive, his 
administration has been practical and free from extravagant expenditures. He lias 
labored earnestly and effectively for improvement along substantial lines, and while 
a stanch Republican, has never been biased in his official acts by his party allegiance. 
Not only men of his own party, but those in the opposition praise him for 'his wise 
and judicious management of the city affairs. He commands public confidence and 
respect in every walk of life and in New Brunswick there is no man more honored or 
more deserving of honor than Dr. Williamson. 



GEORGE WILKINS. 



Atlantic township, Monmouth county, New Jersey, is the home of several re- 
tired farmers who are recognized as leading citizens, but none of them is known 
more favorably than George Wilkins. Sr., who began life without the advantage of 
a good education and without financial backing, and has accumulated sufficient to 
make him more than well ofT. 

Mr. Wilkins was born in England, March 24, 1828, a son of John and Mary 
(Needle) Wilkins. His parents brought him to the United States when he was a 
year and a half old, and his father, who was an able veterinary surgeon, located at 
Matawan, New Jersey, where he long practiced his profession and where after a use- 
ful yet uneventful life he passed away at the ripe age of eighty-one years. His wife 
died six weeks earlier than he, aged seventy-one y?ars. They had three children, 
named William, Elizabeth and George. 

George Wilkins, Sr., son of John and Mary ( Needle 1 Wilkins, was reared and 
educated in Marlboro and Freehold townships, Monmouth county, and early evinced 
a natural aptitude for his father's profession, in which he has become so expert 
that his skill in the treatment of diseases to which the horse is subject surpasses 
that of many college-bred veterinary surgeons ; yet with all his skill and all his 
success he makes no pretentions to special prominence, and has given to farming 
such time as has not been demanded in the practice of his profession. His first pur- 
chase of real estate was sixty acres. Later he bought fifty acres more and still 
later fifty-six acres, and he has since bought a farm of eighty-six acres and several 
wood lots of from ten to fifteen acres each.' He is the owner also of real estate 
at Long Branch and at Freehold. New Jersey. 




\ 




GEORGE WILKIKS. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 12s 

Mr. Wilkins was married December 24, 1851, to Miss Paulina Cottrell, daughter 
of William T. and Eleanor Cottrell, who was born in Monmouth county, Novem- 
l)er. 1830. To Mr. and Mrs. Wilkins have been born children as follows: Job, 
Hannali M., John T., George, Jr., Sallie E. and Wellington. Mr. Wilkins' inclina- 
iioiis have never led him to active partisanship in a political way, but he has pro- 
nounced opinions upon all questions i.if public policy and is a man of more than 
ordinary public spirit, who is ever ready to exert himself to the utmost for tlie up- 
building of the interests of his community. 



LEOxMARD FURM.-\N. 



Over the official career of Leonard Furman there falls no shadow of wrong or 
suspicion of evil. For eight years he has filled the position of surrogate of Middle- 
sex county, and his long retention in the office is unmistakable proof of his ability^ 
promptness and trustworthiness. His patriotic spirit is manifest in the active, pro- 
gressive way in which he administers the county business, — a public office being to 
him a sacred trust and not an avenue for personal gain or self aggrandizement. 

Mr. Furman was born in South Amboy, New Jersey, March 20, 1851, and in the 
schools of that place he began his education, which was continued in the high school 
of Lawrencevillc, New Jersey. .\t South .\mboy his father had established a clay 
business in 1844, and after putting aside his text books our subject began assisting 
his father in business, and in 1886 was admitted to a partnership, which was main- 
tained for two years, when Noah Furman, the senior member of the firm, was called 
to his final rest. The business then passed into possession of our subject, who is still 
the sole owner. He is engaged in getting out clay, -which is used in the m: nufacture 
of stoneware, sewer pipe and moulding sand ; the large potteries in this part of the 
state make an excellent market for those who own and operate extensive clay fields. 
The business had grown to be a very important one, and Mr. Furman through this 
line of activity is meeting wifh very creditable and richly deserved success. He fur- 
nishes employment to a large force of workmen and his products are extensively 
shipped to many points in the United States and Canada. 

Mr. Furman has long been prominent in public affairs in his county. For two 
years he was collector of taxes at South Amboy and for a like period he was a 
member of the township committee. In politics he is a Democrat and was elected 
surrogate in 1892 and again in 1897. so that his incumbency will cover ten years. 
He is a man of 'high social standing, his business qualifications and untarnished repu- 
tation, his unassailable record in office and his pleasing qualities in social life winning 
him the respect and good will of all with whom he has been brought in contact. 



CLARENCE M. I.IDDI.E. 

In an analysis of the character of the successful man we find that there is no 
unusual cause which leads to his prosperity, but that it has come to him through 
enterprise, close application and diligence, — qualities which may be cultivated by alt 
and which never fail to win the desired result. It has been along these lines that 
Mr. Liddle has gained a place among the leading business mei of Wnodbridge. where 
he deals in ice, enjoying a liberal and well merited patronage through the season. 



126 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Mr. Liddle is a native of Woodbridge township, Middlesex county, New Jersey, 
born September 30, 1871, his parents being Joshua and Anna L. Liddle. His paternal 
grandfather, Joshua Liddle, Sr., was born in Westmoreland, England, March 8, 
1807, and when a young man crossed the briny deep to the new world, locating in 
Perth Armboy, New Jersey. Subsequently he purchased land in Woodbridge town-* 
ship and turned his attention to farming, which he followed with creditable success. 
The place is now owned by his son, Joshua Liddle, Jr., who was born October 3, 
1840, and is the father of our subject. 

Clarence Melick Liddle acquired his education in the public schools of Wood- 
bridge, but at the age of fourteen entered the "errrptoy of his father, who was engaged 
in the ice .business ajt Woodbridge. At the age of eighteen he became manager of the 
business and has since been associated in the enterprise with his father and his brother, 
Arthur M., giving his personal supervision to the trade. In February, 1897, he 
e.xtended the field of his business endeavors by entering into partnership with his 
brother-in-law, William H. Pfeiffer. in the livery business at Perth Amboy, which 
association has been maintained to the present time. 

On the 17th of September, 1891, occurred the marriage of Mr. Liddle and Miss 
Clara M. Pfeiffer, a daughter of John Pfeiffer, of Metuchen, New Jersey; she was 
born November 2, 1871. They have two sons, Clarence Kelley, born September 24, 
1895, and William Pfeiffer, whose birth occurred on the 27th of February, 1899. The 
family home is pleasantly located on Main street in Woodbridge. Mr. Liddle i» 
quite prominent in political circles as an advocate of the Republican party, and he 
labors untiringly for its welfare and success, believing firmly in its principles. He is 
a member of the township committee of Woodbridge township and has filled the po- 
sition for six years, being secretary of the board at the present time. In 1899 he was 
appointed treasurer of the township. He belongs to the First Presbyterian church 
of Woodbridge, and socially he is connected with the Roj-al Arcanum and with the 
Order of Red Men. His interest in the town is shown in his advocacy of all measures 
tending to promote the general welfare. 

In his business life he is regarded as strictly upright and reliable, and the fact 
that many of his warmest friends are numbered among those who have known him 
from his boyhood is proof that his career is worthy of respect. 



C. HERBERT WALLING. 

At all times and in all places the conscientious teacher has rightly commanded 
the respect of his fellow citizens. This is especially true of C. Herbert Walling, 
principal of the high school at Oceanic. New Jersey, who fitted himself for his 
position by the most careful, systematic training, and whose success has been so 
great that throughout Monmouth county ' he "rs" regarded as a leading educator, 
whose promise of success in the years to come is most brilliant. 

C. Herbert Walling was born at Keyport, Monmouth county. New Jersey, Sep- 
tember 26, 1873, a son of Thomas B. and Henrietta (Stoney) Walling. He was 
graduated from the Keyport high school in i8gi. and then entered the State Normal 
School (Trenton), where he thoroughly mastered a three years course in two years, 
and from which he was graduated with honor in February, 1894. He began teach- 
ing at Saddle River, New Jersey, and remained there two years, when he resigned 
his position to accept a position at Keansburg. Monmouth county, where he began 
his labors in September, 1896. In 1897 he accepted a call to th.- Navesink public 




CMj^^ 




HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 127 

school, where he served so faillifullv for two years th;it he was re-cKcted for a third 
year, but decHiied the honor in order to accept his present position, which he has 
tilled since September, 1899, with entire satisfaction. He has under his charge two 
hundred and twenty-five pupils and four competent teachers'. 

Mr. Walling was married in -August, i8g6, to Miss Josephine T. Covert, a na- 
tive of New York City, daughter of George Covert, long a resident at Keyport. 
Mrs. Walling has borne her husband three children.— Herbert R., Helen and Dor- 
othy, the first mentioned of whom is dead. Mr. Walling is a member of the Mon- 
mouth County Horticultural Society, in which he holds the office of secretary; he 
is secretary also of the Oceanic Social Club and of the Oceanic hook and ladder 
company. He is a member of Bayside Lodge, No. 191, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and has taken the patriarchal degree and is past chief patriarch of his or- 
ganization. He is record keeper of finance in the Keypoit organization of the Order 
of Maccabees, and is a member of Narumsunk Tribe, No. 148. Improved Order of 
Redmen, in which he holds the office of chief of records. 



WILLI.XM M.-\SON. 



This venerable citizen, who almost reached the ninetieth milestone on life's jour- 
ney, was always a resident of Monmouth county, his birth having here occurred in 
Millstone township, December 15, 1812. His grandparents were residents of the 
county at the time of the Revolutionary war. and thus from colonial days the name of 
Mason has been connected with the agricultural interests of the county. James Mason, 
the father of our subject, was born in Manalapan township and always engaged in 
the tilling of the soil as a means of livelihood. His death occurred prior to i860, and 
his wife, Mrs. Catherine Mason, who was also a native of Monmouth county, died 
about 1S70. at the advanced age of ninety-three years. Ten of their children, five 
sons and five daughters, have now passed away, namely: Joseph, Samuel, James, 
Charles, .•\nnie, the wife of William Cravatt, Catherine, the wife of William Shomay, 
Betsey, Margaret, William, and Mary, wife of John Hulse. of Hightstown. All were 
residents of Manalapan township. Only one of the family still survives. Gertrude, 
who makes her home in Hightstown. 

Throughout the long years of an active business career W^illiam Mason followed 
farming. He was industrious, energetic and enterprising, and as the years passed he 
acquired a handsome competence which supplied him with all of the necessities and 
many of the luxuries of life. In 1835 he was luarried to Mrs. Rebecca (Wyckoflf) 
Herbert, who died in November. i8c)9. after they had traveled life's journey together 
for thirty years. She left but one (adopted) child, Ella, the wife of John Gagen, who 
reside on the farm and have two children, Raymond and Betsey; Elizabeth I. is dead. 

At the time of the Civil war Mr. Mason manifested his loyalty to the Union and 
deep interest in the welfare and safety of the country by enlisting in August, 1862, 
as a member of Company C. Twenty-eighth New Jersey Infantry, with which he 
served until mustered out on the 29th of June. 1865, after the practical cessation of 
hostilities. He participated in the hard- fought Iwttle of Fredericksburg, in December, 
1862, and the battle of Chancellorsville. May 2-;^. 1863. and was in other engagements 
where his bravery was fully tested. Although he was never wounded his health was 
greatly impaired by his army service. His was an upright life, devoted to his busi- 
ness interests and to his duty, whether it called him to the battlefield or led him in 
the quiet walks of the world. Through almost nine decades he watched the progress 



128 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

of the country. He was born during the presidency of James Madison and voted for 
the twenty-fifth President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt. Wonderful 
changes have occurred in all these years in inventions, in science, in business, and 
political life, and though well advanced in years Mr. Mason always felt a keen interest 
in the progress of his country, which he ever loved and honored as a loyal citizen. 



WILLI.XM H. WHITE. 

William H. White, of Red Bank. Xew Jersey, is one of the highly esteemed 
citizens and a descendant of one of the oldest families on the Jersey coast. This 
family has been a power in the Methodist church and has always stood for tem- 
perance, law and order. 

Grandfather Robert White while following his trade of blacksmith served also 
as a minister in the Methodist church, and in all his worthy efforts was seconded 
and assisted by his estimable wife, Sarah. Twelve children were born to them, and 
five sons of the family became preachers. James J. White, one of the sons of Rob- 
ert White, became the father of our subject, and he was born in Ocean county. New 
Jersey. He married Miss Adaline Mount, who was also born in Ocean county. 
and they reared a family of twelve children, all of them becoming consistent mem- 
bers of the Methodist church. Eight of these children still survive, estimable mem- 
bers of society, but the father passed out of life in 1898, the beloved mother gtill 
living. 

William H. White was the fourth in the order of birth in the family of his 
parents, and he was born in West Philadelphia in January, 1854. He was reared and 
educated at Cream Ridge and was early interested in agricultural pursuits. Mr. 
White, however, inherited some mechanical skill and decided to encourage it by 
becoming a carpenter, and in 1893 began to learn this valuable trade, cherishing a 
reasonable hope that it might prove a leader into a high line of w^ork. This hope 
was justified, for he later became associated with the Deering Company in the manu- 
facture of harvesters and other agricultural machinery, and so well did he satisfy 
his employers that he remained with that company for a period of twelve years. 
His natural ability had play and his work was far beyond that of an ordinary car- 
penter. Since that time Mr. White has been engaged in contracting and building 
very successfully, his own fine residence, which he erected about 1899; in Red Bank, 
testifying to his ability. 

Mr. White was first married to Miss Mary E. Smith, and at her death, on 
August 4, 1892, she left two children, — Albert G. and Lillie A. Mr. White's second 
marriage was on February 11, igoi, to Mrs. .Anna Layton. who was a daughter of 
Peter and Elizabeth La Valley, who were natives of France 

Like his forefathers Mr. White is active in the Methodist church, while Mrs. 
White is a consistent Presbyterian, both of them most highly regarded. Frater- 
nally Mr. White has long been a member of the I. O. O. F. order. In business as 
well as social and religious circles he is numbered among the best and most re- 
spected citizens of Red Bank. 



MILO C. GRIFFIN. 



Mi'.o C. Griffin, a prosperous contractor and builder of Ocean Grove, New Jersey, 
was born at Greenville. Green county. New York, .\pril 14. 1854. His early mental 
training was acquired at the public scl^oo!s, later supplemented .'mkI fortified by a course 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 129 

;it the Greenville Academy. For some time after the completion of his studies he 
worked upon ;i farm, thus affording his body a good physical development, which, 
with his strength of intellect, admirably fitted him to successfully cope with the 
exigencies of life. He selected as his vocation the trade of carpenter, devoting his 
time up to his twenty-sixth year in acquiring a thorough mastery of the business ; it 
was at this time thai he located in Ocean Grove, New Jersey, where for three years 
longer he worked as a journeyman ; he then opened up business on his own account as a 
contractor and builder, and has succeeded in steadily developing and increasing same, 
until at the present time he has a large and lucrative patronage. He spent three winters 
on contracts for construction work in the state of Florida. His residence is at No. 66 
Heck avenue. Ocean Grove, where he also has his office. Mr. Griffin is a Republican; he 
takes no part in party strife, how'ever, simply exercising his right of franchise as an 
American citizen. He is a member of several popular fraternal organizations, namely: 
Asbury Lodge, No. 142, F. & A. M. ; Neptune Lodge, No. 84, L O. O. F, ; Park 
Lodge, No. 38, A. O. U. W. ; Tecumseh Tribe, No. 60, Improved Order of Red Men ; 
Atlantic Rebekah Lodge, No. 2, L O. O. F. ; and is also a member of Washington 
Fire Company No. i, of Ocean Grove. 

Mr. Griffin married Miss Amanda F., daughter of Oscar and Sarah E. Hoffman, 
of Rahway, New Jersey, on February 14. 1882. Their three children are as follows : 
Carl M., born July 22, 1885; .Mice E.. born October 16, 189.?; Oscar D., born Decem- 
ber 26, 1899. 

♦-•-♦- 

WILLIAM CAMPBELL KELLY. 

William Campbell Kelly, whose residence is at Oak Tree post office, Raritan 
township, Middlesex county. New Jersey, one of the most useful and enterprising 
residents of that region, and whose activities have been exerted successfully in other 
and more distant fields, is a worthy descendant of one of the oJdes>t families in that 
portion of the Raritan valley. 

Daniel Kelly, paternal grandfather of William Campbell Kelly, was born Janu- 
ary 15. 1769, and died May 17, 1849. Of his marriage with Rhoda Drake (January g, 
1798) was born a son. Christian L., April 8. 181 1, at Oak Tree, in that part of Wood- 
bridge township, Middlesex county, which is now Raritan township, in the same 
county. Christian L. Kelly was married, October 17, 1832, to Jeannette E., daughter 
of Henry Campbell, born .\pril 9, 1814, and died Scpteniiber l,^, 1893 ; he was a suc- 
cessful farmer and an honored citizen, and died June 19. 1850. The children born 
to Christian L. and Jeannette (Campbell) Kelly were: George Henrj-, born Decem- 
ber 20, 1834; Elizabeth, born February 20, 1836; William C, born August 17, 1837; 
Alexander C, born February 2, 1839; Rachel Ann, born May 10. 1843; and Oliver, 
born November 11, 1847. 

William Campbell Kelly, the second son in the faniily last named, was born on 
the family homestead near Oak Tree. His education was limited to that afforded 
by the neighborhood school, and his attendance ended with his fifteenth year. He 
made excellent use of his opportunities, however, and estaWished himself lin the com- 
mon branches so well that he was enabled to advance himself in later years to the 
acquisition of knowledge amply sufficient for the conduct of large business affairs. 
When fifteen years of age he began to learn carpentering at Plainfield, and followed 
that calling for about five years. When twenty jears of age he and his brother Alex- 
ander opened a general store at Oak Tree. Their combined capital amounted to twenty 
dollars. William's contribution being eight dollars. The brothers, however, bore 
9 



130 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

excellent character, which afiforded them credit sufiiciemt for a beginning, and through 
their close application to business they were soon well on the high road to success. 
At the end of five and one-half years the partnership was dissolved, William selling 
his interest to his brother for the sum of three thou^nd dollars. William then went 
iwest, returning at the expiration of a year, when he bought a farm, which he soon sold. 
iHe then returned to the west and purchased pine lands in Wisconsin and Michigan, 
besides setting up at iManistee. in the latter named state, a mill for the manufacture 
of building lumber for shipment to eastern markets. He further extended his opera- 
tions by forming a partenrship with Palinateer Brothers, at .\5bury Park, New Jersey, 
where they established a lumber yard to handle a portion of the Michigan mill 
product. This venture was successful from the first, and the business expanded to 
such an extent that Mr. Kelly found it expedient to Iccate at Asbury Park in order 
to give it his personal attention. .At the expirat'on of seven years he rcturnod to 
Oak Tree and bought a fine farm. He was not content, however, to confine his 
attention to farming interests, and he associated with him elf four others and pur- 
chased ninety-six thousand acres of pine and cypress lands in the sou.h, nearly one- 
third of the area being fine cypress. This property they sold in 1899. 

Mr. Kelly, as is to be discerned from the foregoing, is an eminently capable busi- 
ness man. In all his transactions he has mainta nsd an unsullied reputation for 
sterling integrity", and his simple word is held by h ni ai binding and obligatory as 
would be his bond. In his home neighborhood he has ever been a leader in all worthy 
causes for the advancement of the community. He is a Democrat in politics, and has 
no affiliation with any order or society. 

Mr. Kelly was married in November, 1863. to Miss Bessie M. Palmateer. daugh- 
ter of .Mbert and Lorania (Jones) Palmateer, of Albany county. New York, where 
she was born October 2, 1845. Born of this marriage was one daughter. Eva L. Kelly. 
She was married to John H. Campbell, and their children are: Bessie Kelly, born 
April 25, 1890; and William K., born June 2. 1896. 



DANIEL GATES. 



As a general auctioneer and furniture dealer, our subject, Daniel Gates, of .Asbury 
Park, New Jersey, has established one of the most successful and substantial busi- 
nesses along the Atlantic coast. Out of a life of varied experiences in many places, 
and in pursuing lines of business that have materially differed, he deserves credit for 
having persevered until he has phiccd himself in the right position to attain the object 
of his ambition. 

Mr. Gates is a native of England, where he was born on April 8. 1853. in Brad- 
ford. Yorkshire, England; he is the son of Charles L. and Sarah Gates. The course 
of his education was followed in his native town, the knowledge then attained being 
supplemented in later life by experience gained by contact with the world. After the 
completion of his studies he entered the tailoring trade, which he followed up to the 
time of his determination to seek for a wider range of opportunity in .America, for 
which he sailed in July. 1882. Arriving here he located in Rabway. New Jersey, 
where for eight years he continued to follow his trade. Still feeling, however, that 
he was not yet launched in the business best suiting his ability, he moved to Perth 
Amboy, New Jersey, where he started in business as an auctioneer and dealer in furni- 
ture ; this he carried on for about seven years, wdien he recognized the fact that 
Asbury Park offered greater promise for a man engaged in his line. For him to 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY CO^AST. 



•3' 



arrive at such a conclusion meant the inimcuiatc execut'on of his idea, which has 
since proved its wisdom. He located on Mam street, and is among the foremost 
business mtn of that growing sect.on. 

Mr. Gates is an adherent of the Republican party, and while not in any sense 
seeking its patronage, he is interested in its success. He is a member of the First 
Episcopal church of .\>hury F'ark. in whose work he takes a keen interest. His 
marriage took place December 25. 1878. to Miss Mary Ann Harrison, also a native of 
Bradford, Yorkshire. England. Their living children are as follows: Herbert W. ; 
Martha \V. ; Pan-v: and Pearl. 



ERXEST SCHXITZLER. 

The history of .\slHiry Park and the other seashore resorts of New Jersey has 
been written in general terms upon other pages of this work. In all that enters 
into the kaleidoscope scene presented there is. no feature more caprivating than the 
amusement halls and pavilions which are found at every little interval. Among them 
are some which are contemptible and others which are objectionable. Others there. 
are which are in every sense pleasure-giving and refined, and their conductors are 
deser\-ing of prai.se, for man can confer no greater boon upon his fellows than to 
provide amusements which are exhiliarating and innocent, and in which his children 
and their mother may participate with him. This proposition was never so true 
as it is in the present times, when the pressure of business and the exactions of 




Pal.ace of Amusement. 



society are so intense, making more necessary than ever before some new attraction 
which w^ill afford diversion to the mind and work no injury to good morals. 

The one mammoth and leading Pleasure Palace at Asbury Park— the largest, 
most unique and mo<t complete under one I'oof of all found on the Atlantic coast — 
is that established, owned and conducted by E. Schnitzler. This establishment is 



132 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

at the same time an exceptionally refined place of amusement, admirably well 
adapted for- ladies and children, and has been delightfully visited and revisited by 
thousands of foreigners as well as Americans. 

The completeness of the establishment may be imagined, in a degree, when it is 
said that it represents an outlay of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars and the 
employment of inventive and constructional skill of the highest order. From a 
great distance are visible the lofty observation tower and its gigantic revolving wheel. 
These are so combined that when a car on the wheel has reached its greatest eleva- 
tion, the passenger may ascend one flight of steps to the tower, which commands 
a wonderfully broad view of ocean and shore, affording a bird's-eye view of .■\sbury 
Park, and glimpses inland of outlying towns. The great merry-go-round is of itself 
a work of art and mechanical ingenuity, and cost sixteen thousand dollars, and an- 
other remarkable fact is that during over nine years of operation not a single acci- 
dent has occurred. A remarkably attractive feature is the bewildering maze, with 
its countless multiplying mirrors, among which one is lost among the countless 
duplications of himself and deceptive passage ways visible to the eye, but which 
afford no egress when closely approached. The entire structure is brilliantly illumin- 
ated with myriads of electric incandescent lights of every conceivable hue, giving to 
the interior a peculiarly dazzling and spectacular aspect, and especially when the 
rooms are thronged (as they are at all open hours) with an ever moving panorama 
of pleased and wondering human beings. While the eye is thus delighted, sweet sounds 
come to the ear from various directions, from instruments . of exquisite construc- 
tion, capable of giving strains of solian softness and sweetness, or the full volume 
of a gigantic brass band or orchestra. These orchestrions and other instruments 
cost ten thousand dollars. 

Mr. Schnitzler, the creator of this great Palace of Pleasure, was the pioneer 
of such amusements in Asbury Park. He came in 1888, and made his first small 
beginning, when the place was altogether destitute of all which he had in mind. 
He began with a modest merry-go-round, and he made additions from time to- time 
as his means would permit. He was first in New Jersey to introduce magic mirrors, 
and he was the first private individual to erect an electric light plant. This, put 
up to illuminate his Palace of Pleasure, comprises two si.x-hundred-Kgbt-power 
dynamos, and is of sufficient capacity to light the entire city if necessary. 

Mr. Schnitzler, who has introduced and maintained this splendid aggregation of 
innocent and inspiring amusements, is a modest, unassuming gentleman of sterling 
character. He was born May 26, 1852, in Cologne, Germany. When he was only 
six weeks old his parents came to the United States, settling in Camden, New Jersey. 
His father, Anthony Schnitzler, was closely related to Dr. Schnitzler, the dis- 
tinguished German surgeon and chemist. Anthony Schnitzler was a college bred 
man, of excellent business qualifications, and he conducted a mercantile establish- 
ment in Camden until the time of his death, at the age of sixty-eight years. 
He served in the Crimean and other wars before coming to America, and 
while a resident of Camden, New Jersey, his deep knowledge of military affairs 
led to his being commissioned captain of a militia com.pany. By his marriage with' 
Margaret Hilgers he became the father of three children : Ernest, Charles and 
Alfred. 

Ernest Schnitzler, eldest son of Captain Anthony Schnitzler, was educated in 
the public schools of Camden, and afterward entered college, from which he with- 
drew in order to assist his father in his business. After the death of his father 
he became interested in a hotel and -rea-water bathing' business at .Atlantic City. 
This he soon disposed of to purchase and operate a merry-go-round in the same 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 133 

place. A year later he sold the property and removed to Asbury Park to engage in 
the business of which we have previously written. 

Mr. Schnitzler was married to Miss Mary Gmining. of Philadelphia, and a 
daughter, Mary, was the fruit of this marriage. The parents are members of the 
First Presbyterian church of Asbury Park, in which Mr. Schnitzler has been a trus- 
tee for the past five years. He enjoys the esteem and confidence of the best of the 
permanent residents of the city, and acquaintance with an army of people of all 
sections of the country — among them many of national reputation in the professions, 
in commercial and financial affairs, and in politics — to whose pleasure he has con- 
tributed and who also value him for his worth as a man. 



TAULMAN ALLAIRE MILLER. 

Taulman Allaire Miller, the well known cashier of the Ocean Grove National 
Bank, is the son of Ozias N. and Hannah Conover Miller, and was born on March 
19, 1869, on the Peter Drummond farm near Asbury Park, Monmouth county. New 
Jersey; his father, Ozias N., came from Westchester county, New York, and settled 
on the Drummond farm in 1855. Our subject's early education was acquired in the 
public schools, where he remained until his seventeenth year, finishing his studies 
with a fair general knowledge, which has served him in good stead during his active 
business career. In 1886 he secured a position with the First National Bank of 
Asbury Park, which position he retained until the organization of the Ocean Grove 
N'ational Bank, which was consummated on June 6. igoo, when he became cashier of 
that institution, which responsible position he still holds. 

His sympathies, politically, are with the Republican party, although be does not 
engage personally in its activities. In church relations he is identified with the First 
Methodist Episcopal church of Asbury Park. On October 5, 1897, Mir. Miller was 
joined in marriage to Miss Edith May Finch, daughter of Cornelius and Mary A. Finch. 

Mr. Miller is not only well known but exceedingly well liked by the people of 
his community; he has won his way in the business world by the honest and faithful 
carrj-ing out of the duties assigned him and of the many responsible commissions 
given him to fulfill ; in all these he has not been found wanting in integrity, and he 
has fairly won the honorable position he now holds. 



J. EDWARD FLITCROFT. 

J. Edward Flitcroft, of Ocean Grove, New Jersey, is properly 10 be named among 
■those whose energy, business tact and public enterprise have- made them important 
factors in the devekipment and improvement of one of the most important and popular 
summer resorts and residence places on the .Atlantic coast. His effort has not been in 
the field of finance, nor in the promotion of great schemes employing vast capital, but 
it has been in the walks of ordinary business and social life, in th^s:; undertakings 
upon which are built the entire structure of social order and free institutions; in 
short, in the labor near at hand, faithfully performed, and of real and enduring value 
to the community. 

He is a native of New Jersey, and was born November 18, 1869. at Farmingdale, 
son of James and Anna (Smith) Flitcroft. He received his education in the public 



134 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

schools of his native town. At the age of sixteen years he left school to learn 
plumbing and tinsniithing under the instruction of his brother, who was established 
in business in Ocean Grove. He occupied a subordinate position in the shop for 
six years, during which time he became a skillful workman, familiar wv h every detail 
of the trade, and amply able to perform any work in his calling. He then became 
partner with his brotlier, and this association was maintained for five years, when 
he purchased his brother's interest, and has since conducted it alone. Not only a 
master mechanic, but an accomplished business man, he has succeeded in placing his 
establishment in the forefront of its class, surpassing in volume of business and char- 
acter of contracts fulfilled all competitors ori the New Jersey coast. With such a 
record, it may be estimated how important has been his part in the building up of his 
town and adjacent villages and in the equipment of the many elegant villas and cot- 
tages in their vicinage. His place of business is located on Pilgrim Pathway, opposite 
the post office. 

Mr. Flitcroft was married, November ii. 1891. to Miss Mary E. Winvtanley, 
daughter of James and Rachel Winstanley. of Hoboken. New Jersty. and to them 
has been born a daughter, Gladys, May 10, 1894. 



IS.\.\C B. WHITE. 



Isaac B. White is one of Oakhurst"s most widely known and highly respected 
residents. He was born at Oakhurst on .\pril 23, 1848, and is the son of the late 
Samuel T. and Rebecca (Tallmani White, then residents of Oakhurst. Both of his 
parents were of English extraction, his paternal grandfather being Robert White, 
and his maternal grandfather Ellis Tallman. 

Samuel T. White, the father of Isaac B., in early life followed agricultural 
pursuits: later his attention was given more exclusively to gardening, in which 
he was wonderfully proficient and successful. His family consisted of nine children, 
six of whom are now living, namely : Rachel, Hannah, Ozella, Bloomfield, Mar- 
garet A. and Isaac B. .^mong his deceased children the Rev. Samuel T. White was 
one of the most promising young divines of the Methodist conference of New 
Jersey. He was born at Oakhurst November 18, 1857. He was admitted to the confer- 
ence in the year 1882. and was ordained deacon the same year in which he died, his 
death occurring December 28, 1884. 

Isaac B., the subject of this chapter, received his early mental training in the 
public schools of his native town. During his early n;anhood he engaged in various 
pursuits, having Ijten employed by some of the' most prominent men of his section. 
-An incident of peculiar interest occurred in the year 1870, which aflfected in 
a marked degree his whole after life. While the young man was on an excursion to 
Toms River, and while crossing the river the bridge parted without warning sufficient 
to enable pedestrians to seek safety, and precipitated those upon it into the water. 
Here it was that Mr. White showed his daring and courage by his gallant rescue of 
two ladies who might otherwise have been drowned: they were Mrs. Julia (StillwoU) 
Spinning and Miss Cornelia A. Pettie. Mr. White's act of heroism did not go un- 
rewarded. Miss Pettie presented him with the most precious gift she possessed, 
that of a true and loving heart. Two years later, in 1S72, they were united in 
marriage, a happy culmination of a romantic episode. To them have been born two 
sons: Charles P., born in 1874, and .Albert T., born in 1878. 

During these years Mr. White bu-jed himself in mastering the painter's trade; 





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HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 135 

this accomplished, in the fall of iSf>j. he becaniie a contractor on his own accoinit, 
his first contract being for work on the Elberon hotel. Since that time he has unin- 
terruptedly pursued this business, and has deservedly become both pronxinent and 
popular because of the superiority of his workmanship. Among his pat.ons are 
numbered such men as L. B. Brown, C. T. Cook, W. Wilson and E. W. Gawtery. 
When such men as these accord him the preference, it certainly speaks well for his 
ability to please the most fastidious. In the same year (1882) in which he launched 
out on his independent business career, he purchased a lot in Oakhurst, upon which 
he erected a neat but commodious cottage, which he takes special pride in making 
attractive, not only to the eye of the passer-by, but in its interior decorations and 
furnishings. 

In the religious field Mr. White has gained a wide reputation for his consist- 
ent and zealous work in behalf of the church of his adoption. As a mere lad he 
was susceptible to religious influence, and at the age of fourteen he became a con- 
vert; two years later he joined the Methodist Episcopal church. He has remained 
stanch and true to his membership ever since that early time, and has successively 
filled every office of the church except that of steward. For the past six years he 
has held the position of superintendent of the Sunday-school, and for twelve years 
past has acted in the capacity of local preacher, in that time having filled the pulpits 
of the various Methodist Episcopal churches in and around Long Branch. Indeed 
it is safe to say that no ordained minister in the New. Jersey conference is more 
widely known than Mr. White. 

-Mr. White is an honored member of the Junior O. U. A. M., and also of the 
Knights of the Order of the Eagle. He has been for a number of years a member 
of the school board, of which he has-been since 1898 president. Last year the board 
erected a school house at a cost of twelve thousand dollars ; this was a unanimous 
movement on the part of its members, there not being one opposing vole. 

In 1901 Mr. White took a trip to California; this will live in his memory as 
one of the most delightful experiences of his life, as his artistic nature fully and] 
heartily appreciated the beautiful scenes through which he passed, and nature's God 
seemed more clearly revealed to his spiritual vision than ever before ; and this, 
to a man of his temperament means pleasure immeasurable. 



GRANDIN JOHNSON. 



Grandin Johnson, a representative of a family that were among the earliest set- 
tlers of Farmingdale, Now Jersey, was Ixirn at Howell, Monmouth coinHy, New Jersey, 
September 20, 1877. a son of Austin P. and Mary E. (Chapman) Johnson. John K. 
Johnson, paternal grandfather of Grandin Johnson, was a resident of Farmingdale, 
and by occupation he was a farmer. He was united in marriage to Charity A. Taylor. 
He died in August, 1866. aged forty-five years, and he left a widow, at the present 
time (1902) aged seventy-six years, and the following named children: Williami L., 
Austin P., Grandin V., Elizabeth, and J. N. Johnson. John H. Chapman, maternal 
grandfather, resided at HoAvell, Momnouth county. New Jersey; he followed farm- 
ing as an occupation, and was also at difTerent itimos by election in positions of trust 
in the township, all of which he filled most acceptably. He was a member of the New 
Jersey state militia. His wife was Eleanor L. Throckmorton, by whom he had three 
children, namely : Mary E., Anna T. and Frank M. Chapman. 

Austin r. Johnson, father of Grandin Johnson, was born at Farmingdale, Mon- 



136 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

mouth county. New Jersey, and learned the carpenter trade, but never pursued it to 
any extent. He is acting in the capacity of marshal o£ the town of Freehold, ap- 
pointed in 1885, and lis also at the present time (1902) sergeant-at-arms of Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey. He also served as first lieutenant of Company E in the 
Seventh Regiment, National Guard, New Jersey. He is a member in high standing in 
the following lodges : Freehold Free and Accepted Masons, Kn'ghts of Pythias, 
Adelphia Lodge. He was united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Chapman, and the 
following named children were born to them: Grandin V., Harry N.. Ella C. (de- 
ceased) and Howard A. Johnson. 

Grandin Johnson acquired his education in the high schoDl of Freehold, from 
which he was graduated with the class of '93. He then engaged as a clerk with 
Duryee & Conover, druggists, conducting business at Freehold. W'hile he was in 
their employ he entered the New York College of Pharmacy, from which he was 
graduated in 1899: in the spring of the same year he passed the state pharmacy 
board. He continued in the service of his old employers until he accepted his pres- 
ent position as pharmacist with C. A. Pittenger at Englshtown, New Jersey. Mr. 
Johnson is a member of the Alumni Association of t'le New York College of 
Pharmacy, lie belongs to the Dutch Reformed church of Fie .hold. 



JAMES E. WORTMAN. 



James Edward Wortman is numbered among the most useful and influential 
residents of Asbury Park, and is recognized as one pre-eminently worthy of honor 
for the important part he has taken in promoting the development and improve- 
ment of that charming little city, known to tourists from all countries upon the 
earth. 

Mr. Wortman was born at East Millstone, Somerset county, New Jersey, Octo- 
ber 7, 1857, son of Peter P. and Margaret A. (De Mott) Wortman. His educa- 
tion was begun in the 'public schools at his home, and was completed at Eastman 
College. Poughkeepsie, New York, from which he was graduated in 1873, at the 
early age of sixteen years. His record in the latter named institution was phe- 
nomenally creditable. He was one of- but three- graduates out of a class of forty- 
nine, and he was one of the two who graded the full one hundred of perfection in 
his class standing, and in each of his individual studies. To achieve this commend- 
able success, not only did he apply himself closely to his books, but he passed the 
vacations of his college years as errand boy in a clothing store in New Brunswick, 
which he entered when thirteen years of age, in order to defray the expenses of his 
schooling. 

In 1879 Mr. Wortman opened a real estate and insurance office at Asbury Park. 
He was diligent and careful in business from the beginning and his conduct won 
such regard from those with whom-he came in contact that he soon had substantial 
foundation laid for the important part he has long taken in commercial and finan- 
cial affairs. His judgment as to real estate values is regarded in the community 
as all but infallible, and he has been the factor in many of the largest real estate 
dealings in that place for a number of years. Energetic and public spirited, he has 
constantly exerted himself to advance public interests, aiding in the establishment 
of all that could conduce to the development and added attractiveness of the place 
and its surroundings, and his leader.ship in all such efforts has received general 
recognition, .\ttestation of this is found in unnortant public positons to which he 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 137 

has been called and in which he has rendered nsefiil and creditable service. For two 
terms he represented the city of .\sbury Park on the board of chosen freeholders for 
Monmouth county, and he was for two terms commissioner of appeals for the city. 
Mr. Wortman affiliates with the Kepulilican party, and he has ever maintained 
its principles and policies with intelligent enthusiasm. He is a member of the 
Republican Club of Asbury Park, which he joined in 1876 at its formation with 
but fifteen members, and he was its first secretary; for fifteen years past he has been 
a member of the executive committee. 



\V1LLI.\M A. BELL. 



William A. Bell, who during a long and active career has given diligent and suc- 
cessful effort to advancing the mat;rial interests of Atlantic City, was born in Phila- 
delphia. Pennsylvania, December 3, 1859. Upon the completion of a general course 
in the public schools he set about learning intimately 'the carpet business. His first 
employment was in a prominent carpet house in Philadelphia, where he worked dili- 
gently for several years, and succeeded in mastering all the details of the trade. He 
came to Atlantic City in 1875, and became associaited with his father in the carpet 
business under the firm name of E. S. Bell & Son. Prosperity attended the two, 
father and son, from the beginning, and in 1890 the senior member of the firm, well 
content with the competence he had been able to accumulate, retired, leaving the son 
to continue the business. The junior Bell then associated with himself Mr. L. P. 
Soott. under the style of Bell & Scott. By nxutual agreement this partnership was 
discontinued in 1896. and the business was conducted under the present name of Bell 
& Gorman. 

From the first. Mr. Bell took a keen delight in matters of public intcres't. Appre- 
ciation of his public spirit was manifested in 1896. when he was made a metnber of 
the board of education, in which position he rendered most useful service. He was 
one of the first mcinbers of the board of directors of the Real Estate and Investment 
Company. From the outset his career has been one of progress, and he has long 
been identified with every important movetnent of local iinterest. and. in association 
with others, his zeal for the expansion of the city has proved most successful and 
advantageous. No more fervent testimonial is needed by a man than that tribute 
which is paid his business thrift and integrity by a people who have recognized his 
worth and made him one of the custodians of their advancing interests. 

I 
» « » 

CHARLES HANKINS. 

Charles Hankins. a well known resident of Elberon. New Jersey, w^as born in 
Freehold, New Jersey, the son of James and Sarah (Anderson) Hankins. James Han- 
kins. the father of our subject, was one of eight children, and was born near Free- 
hold in the year 1801. He carried on farniing as an occupation, spending a quiet, 
uneventful life until the time of his death, which occurred in 1881. His wife bore him 
eight children, namely: David, Zachariah. Eliza, Elmira, Elias, Charles (our subject), 
Joseph W. and Sarah Jane. 

The father of James, the grandfather of our subject, Zachariah Hankins, took an 
active part in the Revolutionary war, displaying intrepid heroism and dauntless cour- 



13^ HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

age in defense of his country during the dark and trying days of the struggle for 
independence. He participated in the battles of Valley Forge and Princeton, being 
severely wounded in the latter battle. At the battle of Monmouth he had a very nar- 
row escape, his gun being cut in two by a bullet, shattering it in his very grasp. 
Nothing daunted by the occurrence, he stooped and picking up a gun lying beside a 
fallen comrade continued in the thickest of tlie fight. This gun was his constant 
tompanion during the rest of the w.r, and is now in the pos-ession of his grandson, 
our .-ubject, Charles Hankins. It is in perfect condition, and is as capable in the 
hands of its present owner as it was in the days of that bitter conte t. when it per- 
formed its deadly mission. For his patriotic devotion to ihe cause of liberty Zacha- 
riah Hankins received a pension of twelve dollars per month during his life time. 
He lived to the advanced age cf ninety-six years. 

Our subject, Oiarles Hankins, received his early education in Freehold, New 
Jersey, where he also served his time learning the trade of carpenter. Here he was 
united in marriage to Miss Sarah Pettie, of Hightstown, on January il. 1863. To 
them were born: George G., June 2, 1864, now occupying the position of inspector 
of electrical supplies, his headquarters being in Philadelphia. Pennsylvania; and Ben- 
nington H., born November 26, 1866, now a resident of Elberon. New Jersey, who is 
also an electrician. 

In 1863, shortly after his marriage. Mr. Hankins removed from Freehold to New 
York City, where for twenty-five years he successfully followed his vocation as a 
contractor. In 1889 he returned to New Jersey, this time locating at Elberon. He 
purchased a delightfully located plot of ground upon which he erected an attractive 
and commodious cottage, where he now resides. Mrs. Hankins departed this life 
November 3, 1899. 

*—-¥■ 

CH.\RLES A. SMITH. 

.\niong the prosperous farmers of Monmouth county. New Jersey, is Charles 
A. Smith, who has proved that a small farm well cultvated can be much more 
productive than one of much larger area, if neglected or farmed in a cireless man- 
ner. Mr. Smith owns fifty acres of fertile land, located just north of Port >Ion- 
mouth, and here are raised many of the succulent vegetables and flourishing plants 
which finally reach and delight the patrons of the city market. He understands 
his business thoroughly and has every appliance and modern invention to assist in 
the successful conduct of it, his hot houses covering about three thousand square 
feetj he has one-half acre of frames covered with glass, which are filled with plants 
that supply the farming community. 

The birth of our subject, Charles A. Smith, occurred in Middlctown town- 
ship, Monmouth county. New Jersey, on September 17, 1843, and he is a son of 
Henry and Phebe A. Smith, the former of whom was a native of Morristown, New 
Jersey, although he resided in Monmouth county from early youth and lived to the age 
of eighty-two years. A family of eight children were born to Henry and Phiebe 
Smith, but only two still survive, our subject and his brother, James M. 

Charles A. Smith was reared and educated in his native township, and selected 
agricultural pursuits as his business in life, a choice which has proved to be a wise 
one. The outbreak of the Civil war determined our subject's career for a con- 
siderable period, as he entered Company D. Twenty-ninth New Jersey Volunteer 
Infantry, in 1862. in tim« to take an active part in the great battle of Fredericks- 
burg, under General Hooker, and he lived through the dreadful slaughter at Chan- 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 1.9 

ceI!orsviI!e. In iS('\^ he was honorahly discharged and ri.-tnrned once more to peace- 
ful pursuits. He remained for some time on his father's farm, hut hiter purchased 
his present desirable property. 

The marriage of Mr. Smith occurred on August 9, 1868. to Miiss Mary Wood, 
who was born at Keansburg, New Jersey, and is a daughter of Charles and Joanna 
Wood. The father was a "native of England, and for a number of years after locat- 
ing in America he was a merchant in New York City, carrying on a ship chandlery 
store. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Joanna Pew, was a native of Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey. Five children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Smith, 
namely: Steven W., .Adelaide D., Joanna W., Lydia A. and Charles L. 

Mr. Smith is well and favorably known both in Port Monmouth and Keans- 
burg. being actively connected with the Methodist church in the latter town, in 
which he has served as superintendent of the Sunday-school for thirty-seven con- 
secutive years. This flourishing school is the result of his zealous and conscientious 
effort. When he took charge, the assembly room was an old school house, and the 
attendants numbered only fifteen pupils, but the interest he was able to arouse has 
resulted in the erection of a commodious new edifice and the gathering together of 
two hundred children. This surely reflects great credit upon Mr. Smith as a Chris- 
tian leader. He has long had the best interests of the church at heart and has 
served both as trustee and as steward. In public affairs he has also been prominent 
in his locality, holding the office of judge of elections for ten years; he is ec|ually 
valued in the various fraternal orders, being a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and belonging to the grand lodge of the state, and also' to the 
Junior Order of United American Mechanics, and to the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. Throughout his neighborhood he is valued as a man of integrity and high 
principle. He has been successful in his business because he has given time and 
attention to it, thoroughly studying every phase and giving his patrons the benefit 
of his experiments and successes. 



WILLI.^M H. CASE. 



i 
William H. Case, a veteran soldier in the service of his country-, was born near 

Medfcrd, Burlington county. New Jersey, March 22. 1828. son of Lewis and Susan 

Case, both natives of New Jersey. His father, Lewis Case, a chair-maker by 

trade, was born in 1787 and died in 1S60. His mother died during the manhood of 

William H. 

William H. received an ordinary education in the common schools of his day, 
and at sixteen years of age was apprenticed to learn the carpenter's trade in Trenton, 
New Jersey. His apprenticeship lasted five years, and having become a master work- 
man in 1S55 he came to Freehold, where he afterwards followed his vocation as a 
carpenter and builder. 

Mr. Case's war record is connected with the record of Company E, Twenty-ninth 
New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, in which he enlisted September 3, 1862. He was with 
his regiment in the mid-summer campaign of Fredericksburg. Virginia. For three 
days and nights he was in the trenches and sustained such injuries therefrom as to 
wholly disable him from work. Chronic deafness and rheumatism resulted. He took 
part in the battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia, May 2 and 3, 1863, and was mustered 
out of service in June. 1863. 

Mr. Case is a member of the Conover Post, G. .•\. R.. of Freehold, and was one 



HO HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

of its organizers; and is a conMnunicant of the Methodist Episcopal church of F.eehold. 
In ^fay, 1858, he was married to Sarah Roberts, who died in 1894. They had 
four children, Eleanor, Margaret F., William H. and Emma C. Emma C. was mar- 
ried in Freehold, in 1888, to John F. Sickles, a carpenter and contractor, and son of 
David H. Sickles, a substantial farmer of Monmouth county. 



HARRIET ARROWSMITH THORNE. 

The subject of this sketch, who lives in Raritan township, near Keyport, Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey, is the widow of the late Garrett Thorne, 'who was born 
November 5, 1828, and died May 24, 1897, aged sixty-nine years. Mrs. Thorne, who 
was born June 17, 1831, was married to Mr. Thorne January 26, 1852. 

Mr. Thome's ancestors were among the early settlers of Monmouth county. 
He was a successful business man of the most sterling integrity, and politically he 
was a Democrat, but he was personally so popular that his advice was sought in 
township matters by the leading men of all parties. 

Mrs. Thorne was a daughter of George and Catharine (Flynn) Walling. The 
ancestors of the Wallings of Monmouth county were Dutch and settled there at a 
very early period; the family has been prominent in New Jersey and New York 
for successive generations. One of Mrs. Thome's cousins long held the office of 
chief of police of the city of New York. George Walling, popularly known bs 
Captain Walling, was for several years commander of a vessel in the coasting trade 
between New York and Virginia and the Carolinas. He was associated with his 
relative. Captain Thomas M. Walling, whose home was on the shore of Raritan 
bay. and spent his declining years on the farm on which Mrs. Thome now lives and 
where she was bom. 

Garrett and Harriet A. (.Walling) Thorne had three children. Their son George 
married Harriet Clark, by whom he had six childen, three of whom reside with their 
grandmother and three are married. Their son Theodore R., who is a farmer in 
Holmdel township, maried Emma Van Brakle, daughter of James M. Van Brakle, 
w'ho is represented in a biographical sketcli in this work. Their son, Holmes, died 
March 15, 1897, leaving one child. 



JOHN H. TUZENEW. 



John Tuzenew, farmer of Freehold, was born in Wall township, Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, May 31. 1841, son of Stephen and Amie Tuzenew. His grand- 
parents were natives of Quebec, Canada, and his father, Stephen Tuzenew, was the 
first of the family to settle in the United States. He was born in Quebec, December 
25, 1812, and when twenty-one years of age. came to Monmouth county and engaged 
in farming, which he folknvcd throughout his life. He died May 12, 1901 ; his wife 
died in 1884. 

John Tuzenew was educated in the district schools of Wall township, Monmouth 
county, and followed farming from the time he was a boy. At the outbreak of the 
Civil war, responding to the call to enter into the service of his country, he enlisted 
in Company K, Twenty-ninth Regiment. New Jersey Volunteers. The military record 
of this regiment dates from September, 1862. until the spring of 186,?. On September 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 141 

28, 1862, they left Camp Vredenburg, on the old Monmouth battle field, and being 
attached to Casey's division in defense of Washington, they did duty along the Potomac, 
in Virginia, opposite Washington, until November of that year. Being next sent 
to Aqua Creek, Virginia, they did provost and guard duty along the railway until 
December, and during that monlh were attached to the Third Brigade, First Division, 
First Corps. They were subsequently engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg and 
Chancellorsville, the latter occurring on May 2 and 3, 1863. ^Ir. Tuzenew was 
mustered out with his regiment on June .30, 1863. Since the war he has been a 
resident of Freehold. He is a member of Conover Post, No. 68, G. .-X. R.. of Free- 
hold. 

In September, 1867, he was married at Eatontown, Monmouth county, to Louisa 
Sater. They have had nine children: Louis E., born January 29. 1S68; Franklin H., 
July 6, 1870; Kinnoth F., born March, ig, 1872: Ennis .-\.. born February 23. 1874; 
Asher B., born January 17, 1879; Caroline M., born October 4, 1876; Sarah J., 
born February 24, 1880; Hannah E., born August 29, 1882; and Bertlia ^^., born 
June 24, 1888. Of these Ennis died October 13, 1875; Caroline d!ed September 10, 
1877; Asher died September 19, 1880; and Sarah J.. March 24. 1881. 



MRS. GEORGE W, EVANS. 

T^he lady whose name opens this sketch belongs to one of the oldest and most 
substantial families of Monmouth county. New Jersey, one which has become well 
known in both social and business circles and especially conspicuous in military life. 
In all of the wars for the preservation of freedom and human rights this family has 
taken a part, ever since its founder came from Holland and established a home on 
these shores: 

An early ancestor nanied John Hendrickson was born about 1700 and liis son, 
Daniel Hendrickson, was one of those who took a prominent part in aiding the 
Colonies to attain independence in the dark days of the American Revolution. Daniel 
was born in 1735 and married Nellie Van Mater, who was born on August 4, 1735, 
and the children of this union were: Anna, born on February 14. 1761 ; Cyrcnius, 
born on May 3, 1766; and John, born on June 13, 1773. 

Daniel D. Hendrickson, born in 1786, was the grandfather of our subject and 
figured conspicuously in the war of 1812, holding the commission of a captain, and 
he raised the largest company of any in the county for service during that time of 
peril. By trade he was a cabinetmaker, and he was also a successful farmer. He 
married Catherine, a daughter of Thomas Bedle, and they reared a family of thirteen 
children, one of the number becoming the mother of our subject. 

Mrs. Elma B. (Hilyer) Evans, the subject of this sketch, was born at Middle- 
town, Ne\v Jersey, on .August 11, 1861. and ?he was a daughter of John and Emma 
(Hendrickson) Hilyer. On December 27, 1882, she was united in marriage to George 
W. Evans, and to this union have been born children as follows : Percival H., 
born on June 24, 1885; Emma H., born on January 17. i804; and George W.. Jr., 
born on October 11, 1895. 

George W. Evans is one of the substantial and well-known farmers of .Mon- 
mouth county. His birth was at Nut Swamp, November 16. 1858. and his parents 
were Thomas and .Ann (Prothero) Evans, who emigrated from England in 1851 
and located at Nut Swamp, where Mr. Evans purchased a farm which was his home 
until the time of his death on November 26, 1896, his widow still surviving. Mr. 



142 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Evans received an excellent common-school education at Lincroft and his inclinations 
have always been in the direction of agriculture. At the age of nineteen years he 
commenced his business career, and in 1884 he bought his present productive farm. 

Mr. Evans belongs to a family of eight children, who are among the most 
highly esteemed residents of the county. They are: Ella, born on June 4, 1850; Will- 
iam H.. deceased, born on November 9, 1852; Margaret A., born on September 27, 1854; 
John P., born on October 29. 1856; George W,, born on November 16, 1858; Sarah E., 
born on May 8, 1863; Joseph B., born November 13. 1866; and Edwin T., born December 
18. i860. 

Mr. Evans is well known through the country as a very successful farmer and 
his tract of fifty-two acres, located near Chapel Hill, shows in its improvements and 
cultivation that he takes a great interest in the raising of fine fruits and vegetables. 
He is one of the highly esteemed citizens of this locality, both he and wife number- 
ing friends among all with whom they become acquainted. 



THOMAS H. GRANT. 



Thomas H. Grant, a prominent civil engineer of Middletown township, is de- 
scended from an old English family. He traces his ancestry back to Edward B. T. 
Grant, his great-grandfather, who, in 1793. emigrated to the United States with his) 
family, locating on Long Island, where he remained for two years. He then re- 
turned on a visit to France, spending three years in that country, after which he 
again came to the United States and purchased a tract of land on Rumson Neck, 
making his home thereon until his death. He married a Miss Butler, and they had 
four children. — Lucy, Elizabeth, Martha W. and John. John Grant was born in 
England, January 31. 1781. He was united in marriage with .\nn Hance. who was 
born on the loth of October. 1786, and their family consisted of the following named 
children: Thomas, born in 1809: Martha, born in 1810; John, born in 1813 ; Edward, 
born in 1815; Caroline, born in 1818; and William H., born December 24, 1820. John 
Grant was engaged in various pursuits during his active business career, being first 
a teacher, afterward a merchant and finally a fanner. 

William H. Grant, the father of the subject of this review, took an active interest 
in the affairs of his township, which led to his nomination to many responsible offices. 
In 1884 he was elected to the state legislature, where he was instrumental in securing 
the appropriation for the Monmouth battle monument, and while a member of that 
body served on several important committees. In his social relations he was a mem- 
ber of the State Horticultural Society, and in his religious views was a member of 
the Christ Protestant Episcopal church of Middletown, in which he served as a 
vestryman and business manager for many years. His death occurred on the 3rd 
of November, 1897. In 1854 he w^as united i.i niarriage with Anna Morford, &nd 
they had two children, — Laura, deceased, and Thomas H., the subject of this review. 
The wife and mother was called to the home beyond on the sth of March, 1868, and 
on the 22d of .^pril, 1875, Mr. Grant married Mrs. Eliza J. Watson, bf New York 
City. 

Thomas H. Grant was born on the farm where he now resides. October i, 1858. 
He entered Rutgers College in T877, and graduated with the class of 1881, taking the 
Bradley mathematical prize in his senior year. From the date of his graduation until 
1895 he followed railroad engineering exclusively. In that year he established an inde- 
pendent engineering practice, his attention being mainly directed to railway terminal 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 143 

and water front work and foundations. He is a member of the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, the Mattano Club of Elizabeth, the Jersey City Club and many 
of the local social organizations. He is a Republican, and an Episcopalian, connected 
with Trinity church of Red Bank, and Christ church of Middletown. He devotes 
a part of his lime to the management of a two-hundred-acre farm and the various 
business interests with which he is connected. Mr. Grant takes considerable interest 
in public questions and improvements, and in several of the field sports, which he 
follows to some extent for exercise and recreation. 



EDWARD M. COOPER. 

Agriculture forms the principal occupation of Edward M. Cooper, and the wide- 
awake manner in which he takes advantage of all methods and ideas tending to en- 
hance the value of his property, has had a good deal to do with his obtaining the 
competence which he now enjoys. Per.sonal popularity results from the industry, 
perseverance and close attention to business which a person displays in the manage- 
ment of any particular branch of business, and in the case of Mr. Cooper this is 
certainly true, for he has closely adhered to the above mentioned pursuits, and he 
has gained the high esteem of all. His property and interests are located in Mon- 
mouth county. 

Mr. Cooper was born on the farm on which he still resides, on the 22d of No- 
vember, 1855. and is a son of George F. and Elizabeth (Applegate) Cooper, whose 
history will be found on another page of this volume. Edward M. was reared and 
educated in his native township, and as a life occupation he chose that of a farmer. 
He has been very successful in his ventures in this direction, and has done much 
toward developing the agricultural interests of his cotnmunity. He has never sought 
or desired the emoluments of public office, preferring rather to give his undivided 
attention to his business interests, but as a citizen he is public-spirited and pro- 
gressive, and every movement calculated to prove of public benefit receives h's hearty 
support and co-operation. . 

In 1884 he was united in inarriage with Miss Sirah L. Patterson, who was born 

in Middletown township. Monmouth county, in Decetiiber, 1862. a daughter of Samuel 

and Susan (Hance) Patterson. Unto this union have been born three children: 

Frederick L.. born on the lOth of January, 1885 ; Guy. horn July 26. 1887 ; and Robert 

A., born on the 20th of June, 1895. The family is highly esteemed by the people of 

their locality, and they enjoy the hospitality of a la-ge circle of friends and flcquaiint- 

arjces. 

*—-*■ ■ 



JAMES HARVEY, Sr. 



This venerable gentleman, although he has passed the eighty-third milestone on 
life's journey, is still actively engaged in farming, and such a_ career should put to 
shame many a man of half his years, who, grown weary of the struggles and cares 
of business life, would relegate to others the burdens he should bear, Mr. Harvey 
resides in Ocean township, Uronmouth county, and in that township he was born 
December 24, 1818. His paternal grandparents were Thomas and Rachel (Bennett) 
Harvey. The former was at first a farmer, subsequently built a forge and upon the 
destruction of the forge by fire entered into the milling business, at one time operat- 



144 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

ing the Old Ocean Mills. His family numbered six members, who became prominent 
citizens: Isabelle, Catherine, Rachel, Samuel, James and Gavine. The last named 
was the father of our subject. After arriving at years of maturity he married Sarah 
Jackson and they had nine children, of whom Thomas, James, Samuel, Benjamin, 
Gavine and Ann reached years of maturity, the others dying in infancy. 

James Harvey is now the only .surviving member of his father's family. He was 
educated in the common schools and in early life followed the business of burning and 
selling charcoal, working for himself and others ; he did shad fishing in the spring. He 
is a self-made man in the best sense of the term^ By close application and through 
honest dealing he has secured for himself an enviable character, which riches could 
not buy. In 1S65 he purchased a small place, to which he has been adding from year 
to year until at the present time he owns forty acres of land. This he devotes to the 
raising of garden produce and his land yields a good return for the cultivation be- 
stowed upon it. His vegetables, being of excellent quality, command a good price 
on the market and provide him with a very desirable income. 

In 1844 Mr. Harvey married Miss Susan King, a daughter of Joseph and 
Catherine King, and unto them have been born five children, of whom four are 
living: John, Charles, William L., and Sarah (wife of Edward T. Brand, of Long 
Branch) ; while one died in infancy. The mother departed this life January 2, 1896. 
•In public affairs Mr. Harvey has taken a deep and abiding interest and served for 
many years as commissioner of appeals for Ocean township. Since 1843 he has been 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church and has served as trustee and steward. 
Irt its work he takes an active interest and his life has ever been in harmony with his 
professions. 

♦ « » 

ALBERT C. SMITH. 

That cleanliness is next to godliness seems to be evidenced most clearly by the 
success which attends generally upon any properly projected laundry enterprise. 
This line of business has been followed by our subject, Albert C. Smith, of the firm 
of Smith & Smock, at Red Bank, New Jersey, where he established himself in 
1898. His plant is known as the Red Bank Steam Laundry and is located at No. 
64 White street. 

Mr. Smith is a native of Keyport, New Jersey, where he was "born in 1867. 
He is the son of Holmes W. and Jane A. (Baily) Smitli. His early education was 
acquired in the common schools of Keyport. In early life Mr. Smith acted as clerk 
in a grocery store, which line he followed up to 1891, when he took up the laundry 
business at Asbury Park, New Jersey. Here he continued for three years, at the 
end of that time, in 1895, removing to Freehold. New Jersey, where he conducted 
an extensive laundry business. His present profitable business was established as 
above set forth in 1898, with Mr. Smock as partner. Their plant is capable of turn- 
ing out five hundred dollars' worth of business weekly. During the summer season 
they employ as many as twenty hands. They run a twenty-four-horse-power boiler 
and a twelve-horse-power engine ; two wagons are kept on the road continually collect- 
ing and delivering. The business has grown to extensive proportions under its able 
heads, and promises to outstrip even its present standard. Mr. Smith is so well 
versed in the laundry business, that he is capable of running any branch and attend- 
ing to its numerous details. His thorough understanding of his business is one of 
the causes of his success, coupled with his determination to treat his customers 
fairly and honestly. While there are several laundries in Red Bank, both of foreiga 






* JC^ f 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 145 

and native origin, yet the Red Bank Steam Laundry leads them all in popularity, 
superior workmanship and despatch in the execution of the work. 

Mr. Smith has one son. Lester, by his wife Charlotte L.. wlmm he married 
in 1S9J. Mrs. Smith is the daughter of F.dwin and Mary Bawden, of Freehold, 
New Jersey. 

< » » 

JOSEPH T.-WLOR BURROWES. 

Joseph Taylor Burrowes. a !uml)er merchant of Monmouth county. New Jersey, 
and prominent citizen of Red Bank, was born in Middletown township, Monmouth 
county, Xew Jersey. July 7. 1836. His parents were Richard and Miary (Taylor) 
Burrowes. Richard Burrowes was a soldier in the war of 1812, and two of the same 
stock fought for the independence of the American colonies in the war of the Revo- 
lution. Richard Burrowes was a successful agriculturist of Monmouth county up to 
the time of his decease in 1850; his wife survived until 1874. Their son, Joseph 
Taylor Burrowes, received a common school education and was thereafter, up to 
his twenty-second year, engaged with his father in the cultivation of the lat'ter's 
farm. In 1858 he went to California, where he was variously employed for seven 
years. Returning to New Jersey he became associated in 1868 with his brother 
Thomas in the lumber business at Keyport, Monmouth county, under the firm name 
of T. & J. T. Burrowes.' This partnership continued until 1875. when the junior 
member withdrew therefrom, and in 1877 established himself in the same business 
at Red Bank, New Jersey. Here j\Ir. Burrowes continues in the successful conduct 
of one of the leading industries oj„ his . comniutiity, to the development of which he 
has contributed, among other material ways, by the erection of a number of substan- 
tial dwelling houses. !Mr. Burrowes is a. stalwart Republican, but without aspiration 
for political preferment. He served efficiently for two years as commisioner of 
Red Bank. He married Sarah, daughter of the late James Lemmon. Three chil- 
dren born of this union survive, viz. : James Albert, Harry and Miss Ada Burrowes. 
Their deceased children are Edward, George and Joseph; of these the last named 
married Miss Sarah Hance, who resides at Red Bank and has one child, Joseph Tay- 
lor Burrowes, who was born in September, 1894. Harry Burrowes is associated in 
business with his father. 

■ •-•-♦ 

JAMES COOPER, Jr. 

James Cooper, Jr., secretary of the board of education of Red Bank, and a lead- 
ing druggist of the Jersey coast, was born in Monmouth county. August 10, 1S58. He is 
a son of the late John Patterson Cooper and Catharine Kerr (Pringle) Cooper, natives 
of Xew York City. Jehu Patterson Cooper was a prominent agriculturist of Mon- 
mouth county and from the time of attaining his majority up to the clos ; of his life 
was a stalwart Democrat. He was c.mtinuously elected clerk of Middletown town- 
ship for a total period of thirty years, and was a freeholder for Middletown for ten 
years. He was one of the distingui-fhed Freemasons of the state, having been grand 
higli king of Royal -Arch Chapter. James Cooper, Jr., received public school and 
academic courses of instruction, and as a youth entered the employ of F. T. Chad- 
wick, druggist of Red Bank, with whom he remained nine years. He then established 
himself in business at Broad and White streets, Red Bank, where he coiducts one 
of the best equipped wholesale and retail drug houses in Monmouth county. He is also 
10 



146 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

a member of the firm of Antonides & Cooper, druggists, Main street, Atlantic High- 
lands. Mr. Cooper is a member of Mystx Bro.herhood, No. 21, F. & A. M., Hiram 
Chapter, No. i, R. A. M., is past chancellor of the Knights of Pythias, member of the 
Independent Order of Foresters, .'\ncient Order of Foresters, and other social organi- 
zations, including the local clubs. He married Laura, daughter of George W. Van- 
derveer, of Freehold, New Jersey. Mrs. Ccoper died December 31. 1896. leaving 
three children, James Oakley Cooper. George Vanderveer Cooper and Jehu Patterson 
Cooper. 



MORRIS PACK. 

Morris Pach. wholesale and retail dealer in cigars and tobacco. Red Bank, was 
born in Berlin. Prussia, April 3, 1837. He came with the remainder of his father's 
family to the United States in 1853. locating in Boston, Massachusetts, whence they 
removed in 1864 to Long Branch, New Jersey. Five years later Morris Pach estab- 
lished his present business at Red Bank, where he has met with a success that has 
placed him in the forefront of the men of affairs in Monmouth county. He served 
efficiently for one term as commissioner of Red Bank. He was married in 1863 
to Miss Rosa Libko, a native of Austria. Mr, and Mrs. Pach have four sons, 
all of whom are graduates of the high school at Red Bank. They are .Alex- 
ander Pach, superintendent of Pach Brothers; Mortimer Pach, associated with his 
father; Lester Pach, law student; and Ernest Pach, also associated with his father 

in business. 

< ■ » — ^- 

J.\MES G. CRAWFORD. 

James G. Crawford, who is a prosperous fa-mer residing near Holmdcl, Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey, traces his ancestry as far back as 1672. whei John Craw- 
ford emigrated to .America from Scotland, settling in the state of New Jersey and 
locating at the hamlet of Holmdel, his numerous offsprirg still being among the most 
prominent residents of the locality. The emigrant John was accompanied b.- three 
brothers and they first stopped at New Haven, Connecticut, but during the French 
and Indian war, John Crawford moved to this state, buying in 1686 two hundred 
acres of land near Morrisville. One of the maternal ancestors of our subject was 
named William Frost, and both he and Richard Crawford, on the father's side, took 
part in the Revolutionary war. the former suffering imprisonment and the latter 
being wounded. 

The paternal grandfather of James G. Crawford was also James G., and was horn 
in Holmdel in 1794. He was a prosperous and extensive farmer, a leader in the 
Democratic party, and he was also identified with the Baptist church. His mar- 
riage was to Elizabeth Smith, whose death occurred in 1883, and their children were: 
James, William, Ann, Caroline, Elizabeth, Mary and John. 

John J'. Crawford, the father of James G. Crawford of this sketch, was Ixirn at 
Holmdel. on February 22. 1829, and acquired his education first in the primary schools of 
his locality, but later enjoyed the advantages afforded by the Glenwood Institute at 
Matawan, and after his return settled down to the life of an agriculturist. During 
his whole life he was an active and devoted member of the Baptist clnirch. In 1S55 
he was married to Miss Mary Frost, who was a native of Chapel Hill. Avhcrc she 
was born in 1832, her death occurring in 1872, Mr. Crawford surviving until 1888. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW" JERSEY COAST. i47 

The children born to our subject's parents were as follows: John. Janves G.. William, 
Sarah. Caroline. Mary. Esther, Theresa and Emma. 

James G. Crawford was born near Holmdel on ScptLnvber 2. 1S60. where he was; 
reared and educated. His occupation has principally been that of farming and he 
has attained high excellence in this chosen pursuit. H"is fine property consists of one 
hundred and sixty acres of land, which he has improved and placed in a fine state 
of cultivation, causing it to be counted among the most productive tracts of land in 
the county. ' 

Mr. Crawford is unmarried. In politics he is an active and ardent supporter 
of the Democratic party and has been of signal use in its local councils. He was 
reared in the Baptist faith and is a consistent and worthy member of that church, 
and is one of the most highly esteemed citizens of Holmdel, where his family has 
so long been a leading one. 



ADDISOX HEXRV RIGGS. 

The Riggs family of New Jersey had its origin in ancestors who came from Scot- 
land far back in the colonial days, and their sturdy traits of character — integrity, 
industry and persistency — are discernable in their descendants to the present day. 

The ancestral imniigants were three brothers, who settled at that famous Revo- 
lutionary war spot, Baskingridge. in Somerset county. Lewis Riggs (great-grand- 
father of Addison H. Riggs) taught a school at Cheesequake, in Middlesex county, 
in his young manhood. He afterward removed to Hightstown, Mercer county, where 
he conducted a store, and then to Perrinville, Monmouth county. He subsequently 
returned to Hightstown and occupied a large farm, and there died. By his marriage 
with Mis'S Ida Bergen he became the father of the following named children : George, 
William S.. Elias. and a daughter who became the wife of John Chamberlain. 

Elias Riggs. youngest son of Lewis Riggs. was born near Hightstown. and lived 
his entire life in that locality, and died there at an advanced age. He was a man 
of strong and exeinplary character, and was a deacon in the Presbyter'an church ; 
for many years he was a justice of the peace. He married Rachel, a daughter of 
Captain David Baird, of Manalapan. who bore him the following named children : 
Lewis, David Baird. John C. and Ida, who became the wife of Charles H. Perrine. 

Lewis Riggs. oldest son in the last named family, was also born at Hightstown. 
where he received a common school education. For some yeat;s he was successively 
in the employ of the Camden & Amboy Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Companies. He married Margaret E. Allen, a daughter of John Allen, and of this 
marriage were bom the following named children: Addison Henry': Frank P.. who 
married Alma Herbert, and to them were born Frank P.. Jr., and Frederick; Mary 
Blanche, who married Joseph P. Lisk, of Palmyra. New York, now a mechanical 
draftsman and consulting engineer in New York City, residing in Brooklyn; and 
Drucilla. who is unmarried. The father of these children died at the age of forty- 
four years, and the mother is living in Brooklyn at the age of sixty-six years. 

Addison Henry Riggs, eldest son of Lewis and ALirgaret E. (.\llen) Riggs, was 
born near Hightstown. Mercer county. New Jersey, in 1857. He began his education 
in the public schools in his native village and took a special course in the Pcddie 
Institute. He entered the employ of Wannamaker & Brown, in Philadelphia, with 
whom he remained for two years. His experience during this period •w'as highly 
advantageous to him in after years. He was subsequently engaged in a general 
store at Hightstown. which he left in 1876. and removed to .'Xsbiiry Park. In the 



148 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST, 

city last named he served in a clerical capacity in various leading establishments, 
among them those of J. S. Ferguson and George Farmer, coal dealers. At the death 
of the latter named, a corporation was formed under the name of the G. P. Farmer 
Coal and Supply Company. Of this Mr. Riggs became a member, and he was elected 
treasurer and manager. The company conducts a coal, wood, lime and cement business 
at Asbnry.Park, and a coal, wood, hay and feed business at Belmar. Their transac- 
tions .extend over a wide scope of territory, and aggregate a large sum annually. 
Methodical and thorough in his business affairs, Mr. Riggs is enabled to direct and 
oversee all promptly, and with thoroughness and accuracy. He occupies a highly 
creditable position in the business cominunity and his name is a synonym for integrity 
and pubHc spirit. His influence has been extended to every laudable enterprise, and 
he has borne a full share in the development of all municipal improvements, without 
seeking personal advancement. In politics he is a Republican. 

April 14, 188S. Mr. Riggs was Tiramed to-^^ti-ss Nora L. Allright, a daughter of 
Frank Allright, of Reading, Pennsylvania, and this marriage has resulted in one 
child, a son, Earl, now aged fourteen years. 



ALFRED F. SOFIELD. 



One of the leading men of Avon. New Jersey, and one, too. who has giined his 
present position of prominence by indefatigable labor aiW perseverance, is Alfred 
F. Sofield,- whose name heads this sketch. The early ancestors of the Sofields were 
natives of England. It is supposed that there were several of them, and lh;se set- 
tled along -the Raritan river in New Jersey prior to the war of the Revolution. 
The grandfather of our- subject was Runyon Sofield. He was born on his father's 
farm oa the Saritan river, where he lived and died. Enos Sofield, the father of 
our suhjdct, was born on his father's farm, subsequently removed to Perth Amboy, 
where he engaged in the business of growing oysters. He carried on this business 
on a large scale for many years, and died September 4. 1880. at Pert'.i Amboy. 
His wife was. Mary E. Sofield and to them were born two sons and five daughters. 

Alfred Avas born July 30. 1848, at Perth Amboy. Such elementary kncnvledge 
as he acquired in his boyhood was imparted by the schools of his native place. 
Young Sofiled early entered his father's line of business, which he follow'ed up to 
the year. 1883, carrying it on during the later years in his own name. Not, how- 
ever, feeling satisfied that this was the field of labor in which he could accomplish 
the best results financially, or yet satisfy his ambitions, Mr. Sofield disposed of his 
oyster interests and went to Avon, where for a while he contented himself with 
keeping boats for rental to pleasure parties during the summer months; this only 
bridged over an unsettled period, however, until he should find something more to 
his liking. He was ever on the alert for the opportunity that he felt certain would 
present itself sometime; in this he was not disappointed: in igoi what he hid always 
desired was brought about, and he began to handle and ship sand to steel foundries 
in various parts of the country for use in sand blasts and core-sands. His sand 
blast material is pronounced by experts to be the best and finest for the purpose 
to be found in the country. He al?o furnisher clays of different kinds suitable for 
all sorts of purposes. 

A Republican in politics, Mr. Sofield has the honor of being a member of the 
borough council of Avon, in which capacity his voice is always raised in advancing 
those, propositions which look to the betterment of the town and to the best interests- 





le^ 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 149 

of its inhabitants. He is an esteemed member of Freedom CoiincM.-.Nq. ii6, Jr. 
O. U. A. M. 

His marriage to Afiss Mary Ella Page, daughter of Edward C. and .\nna Maria 
(Blackney) Page, of New Brunswick, New Jersey, was solemn zed on October 
26. 1869. Six children have been born to them, as follows: Francis A., born De- 
cember ID, 1871 ; Leroy, born March i8. 1874; Isabella H., born June 26, 1877; Emma 
G.. born December 28, i88t ; Howard S., horn May 12. 18S8: Hilton W.. born Au- 
gust 13, 1890'. 



E. H. PRICE. 



Among all the summer resorts on the New Jersey coast Pleasure Bay stands 
pre-eminent for its natural advantages and for those pleasing accessories which large 
means and cultivated taste will conimatid.' 'All these and the famous aquatic opera 
are written of at length in a chapter of this work. 

Chief among the founders of this resort is Captain E. H. Price, proprietor of the 
palatial hotel known by his name. His family has been prominently identified with 
Monmouth county. His father, John Price, a man of sterling character, vi-as a native 
of the county, and was throughout his life a well-known and successful seaman. He 
served before the mast and became a capable ship commander, sailing vessels from 
his home to New York, in the coasting trade, and at times extending his voyages 
to the Gulf of Mexico. He was an Odd Fellow; in politics he was a Whig.- He was- 
married to Miss Mary Lane. 

Born of this marriage was E. H. Price. May 6, 1827, at Oceanport, Monmouth 
county, where he was reared and educated. He had thei-ailor instincts of his father, and 
he went to sea at the early age of twelve years. In course of time he bcame a master 
and owner, and for several years his '"Triton" was famous in New York bay and 
adjacent waters. 

In 1854 he retired from this life and took up his residence at Pleasure Bay, 
where there were but two cabins. In the begiitning he established and conducted a 
stopping place for lumbermen, which was well known as "The K'tchen." The bay 
was then only inhabited by men engaged in cutting timber for ship building, and was 
known as "The Sheep Pen." The region was a veritable wilderness, just as it was 
known to the Indians, and no one was bold enough to prophesy the future which was 
destined for it. After a time transient visitors engaged in lumbering interests came 
to the place; and they were so well pleased with Captain Price's "Kitchen" that 
they made it known in New York, and it became quite a resort. Among the first 
who thus came and were instrumental in spreading its fame, were Dr. Kane, the 
Arctic explorer, Frank Leslie, the well-known publisher, Eddie Stephens and other 
celebrities. 

In 1859 Captain Price built the present commodious Price's Hotel, and this has 
long been known to all visitors to the New Jersey coast as one of the most homelike 
and pleasant places of entertainment in the entire region, and is much sought by the 
best class of summer sojourners, and especially by picnic and excursion parties. It is 
picturesquely situated upon a beautiful tract of three acres contiguous to the 1>ay and 
to the beautiful park and grandstand, reaching almost to the water's edge, from 
which may be witnessed the unique operatic performances upon a stage erected in 
the stream. The hotel contains sixteen rooms, beautifully furnished, and the cuisine 
is all that the most exacting epicure could desire. The resort is reached by the 
Patten Line steamers, and has trollev connection wi;h all other resorts on the coast. 



ISO HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

An accomplished landlonl. Captain Price is also a genial gentleman, and his 
social traits have endeared him to multitudes who have enjoyed his hospitality. 
lie is an ardent sportsman, and delights in contributing to the enjoyment of the 
gunner and fisherman. He was for seven years a member of the Long Branch 
Company in the New Jersey State Militia. He is a Freemason and an Odd Fellow, 
and it was his unusual distinction to initiate his four sons into the mysteries of the 
former named ancient and honorable craft. In politics he is a Republican. 

Captain Price was married to Miss Anna West, daughter of Mr. "Elishi West, 
a former proprietor of the Newbold Hotel, Long Branch. Ten children were born of 
this marriage — Mary Eliza, Melissa. Elisha W.. John Lawrence, Willi3m, Crystal, 
Clark, Edith, Blanche and Thomas Frazier. Of these named, Clark, and Edith and 
Blanche (twins) are deceased. The mother, a most not-ible woman and devoted 
wife and mother, died January lo, 1898, aged sixty-four years. 



JOSEPH H. C. SCHEX'CK. 

The last war in which the United States was engaged found Captain Schenck 
of this review among the defenders of the nation's flag and the cause it repre- 
sented. He is well known in military circles on the Jersey coast and in Long 
Branch and Monmouth county is numbered among the enterprising young business 
men. His birth occurred at Point Pleasant on the 28th of March, 1871. It is thought 
that Peter Schenck, a very wealthy merchant and an importer of foreign goods, was 
his great-grandfather. He was of Dutch lineage. His residence and place of busi- 
ness was New York, where he carried on an extensive trade. Elias Schenck, the 
grandfather, was an experienced mariner and throughout his busine s life was 
connected witih the sea. He married Harriet Newman and their only child was 
Zacharias Schenck, the father of our subject, who was born at Manasquan, New 
Jersey, April 17, 1838. He iwedded Margaret J. Harvey, and th.-y became the 
parents of five children: Henry E., a painter of Long Branch; Elias E. and George 
E., both of whom are deceased ; Thaddeus R., wdio is engaged in the painting busi- 
ness in West Long Branch; and Joseph H. C. Schenck, also a painter and decorator. 

The public schools of his native town afforded Joseph H. C. Schenck. his edu- 
cational privileges, and his youth was passed amidst play and study in a manner 
not unlike most boys of the period. After leaving school he was variously employed, 
working for a time in a pharmacy and later as a machinist. Other occupations also 
claimed his attention, but eventually he began to learn the painter's trade, and in 
due course of time became thoroughly proficient in the work, his services giving 
excellent satisfaction and securing for him continuous employment. During the 
summer season he is etiiployed as bathing master or life saver — a position of im- 
portance on the coast, where so many summer visitors spend a large amount of 
time in bathing in the Atlantic, who in ignorance of danger would frequently venture 
too far, were it not for the watchful care of Mr. Schenck. 

When the country became involved with Spain in the war of i?i)8, he was among 
those who readily offered their services to strike a blow for l.berty, and enlisting 
in Company B, Third New Jersey Infantry, he served for nine months with credit. 
He is now captain of Company K, Third Regiment of the New Jersey National 
Guard, and also belongs to the Knights of Pythias fraternity and the Order of Red 
Men, in both of which he is a past officer. He was married October 15, 1899, to 
Miss Hannah Wardell, who was born at Long Branch. .August 15, 1874, a daughter 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 151 

of John H. and Emily VVardell. They now have an interesting little daughter, Clara 
S., w'lo was born November 27, 1500. Captain Schenck, by his ple:isant, genial man- 
ner, has made many friends, is popular in miliiary circks, and trusted in busi- 
ness life. 

« ■ » 

I 
WILLI.-\.\I TUCKER HOPPER. 

Monmouth county. New Jersey, is favored in having represented upon its list 
of officials, individuals whose endowments fully capacitate them for the discharge of 
the responsible duties which devolve upon them. The subject of this review has 
held a number of important offices, to which he has been appointed by those high 
in authority or elected through the suffrage of the Republican party, in whose interest 
he has rendered timely and effective service, being known as one of the stalwart 
and uncompromising advocates of the principles of that party. 

Now a resident of Long Branch City, William T. Hopper was born in West 
Long Branch September 12, 1837. His grandfather, John Hopper, was a native of 
New York City and was the first of the name to locate at West Long Branch, where 
he purchased property of Alexander McGregor. The town was then called Mc- 
Gregor, but later became known as Hoppertown, and subsequently by various names, 
now West Long Branch. Mr. Hopper owned about fifty acres of land beside other 
property. He began merchandising there and continued in that line of business up 
to the time of his death. He was a baker by trade and had followed that pursuit in 
New York City, but after coining to New Jersey was actively identified with mer- 
chandising for many years. He was a very consistent and faithful member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and his home was the place of entertainment for all the 
traveling preachers who visited the neighborhood. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Eunice Russell, shared with him in all good works in which he bore a hand. 
There were two children in the family, Maria and Abraham. 

.\braham M. Hopper was born in New York City in 1798. He engaged in the 
baker's business, and was also the owner of a vessel which plied between vari- 
ous ports along the seaboard, .\fter his father removed to West Long Branch he 
assisted in the management of the store and thus became a well known figure in busi- 
ness circles there. He w'as twice married, his first union being with Miss Deborah 
McGregor, by whom he had four children, three of whom grew to maturity. For his 
second wife he wedded Miss Mary Tucker, and they became the parents of eight 
children, three of whom survive : R. F., Egbert and William T. 

In his native town William T. Hopper of this review received his education 
and training for a life of future usefulness. In the early years of his manhood he 
followed farming, but subsequently turned his attention to politics and has been a 
most earnest and efficient worker in the ranks of the Republican party. He has 
creditably served in a number of official positions, including that of constable, his 
incumbency covering a period of nine years. He was a coast inspector of customs 
of the Perth Amboy district for seven years, and during that time also filled the 
position of freeholder. For three years he was assessor, was collector of port customs 
under President Harrison for four years, has been judge of elections and was coroner 
for a period of three years. His official service has ever been most commendatory, 
for at all times he has been prompt and notably reliable in the discharge of his duties 
and has therefore won the approval of even his political opponents. 

On the I2th of March, 1861. Mr. Hopper married Miss Henrietta Brown, and 
unto them have been born seven children, of whom five are living: Britton T., 



152 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Eunice, Henry T., Charles H. and Frances. Those who have passed away are Louis 
E. and Elizabeth. Mr. Hopper had been married little more than a year when he 
left his young wife and Went to the front in defense of the Union, enlisting on the 
7th of September, 1S62, as a member of^ the Twemy-ninth Regiment of New Jersey 
Volunteers. He was made commissary sergeant and remained at the front until the 
regiment was discharged June 30. 1863. He is now' a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic and also belongs to the Royal Arcanum. He has a wide acquaintance 
in Monmouth county, where his trustworthiness and reliability have won for him 
high regard. 

*-'-*■ 

GEORGE \V. BOWMAN. 

George W. Bowman, proprietor of the Sunnyside farm, which is located one and 
a half miles west of Long Branch City, is a practical farmer and an enterprising 
business man. He was born at Coltsneck on the 4th of October, 1831, a son of 
Samuel and Charlotte (Matthews) Bowman. The father was a weaver by trade 
and was an honest and upright man. His family numbered four sons and four 
daughters, and of this number George W. and Andrew J. are twins, the latter of 
whom is now a resident of Kansas. 

George W. Bowrnan received the educational advantages afforded by the common 
schools of his district. During his youth he spent much of his time in working 
on neighboring farms, and later he farmed on rented land. In 1865 he purchased the 
land on which he now resides, known as the Sunnyside farm, w-hich is one of the 
most beautiful places on the road, and a glance at its neat and thrifty appearance 
indicates to the passer-by the supervision of a progressive ow-ner. On the 4th of 
December, 1858, Mr. Bowman was united in marriage w-ith ;\Iiss Mary Bennett, wlio 
was born in Atlantic township, Monmouth county. Her grandfather, John L. Ben- 
nett, was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and for nine months of his army 
career was confined in the British prison in New York, the old Dutch church, Broad- 
way and Ann streets, being used for that purpose. Mrs. Bow-man is a daughter of 
Logan and Mary (Holmes) Bennett. Unto our subject and wife have been born 
the following children : Samuel L. ; Sarah, who became the wife of C. J. Bridge : 
and two sons who were named George, but both are now deceased. Mr. Bowman 
has always been an industrious man and a good manager, and the result of his long 
years of careful toil is a beautiful homestead, well improved and well kept. He has 
contributed his share toward the public improvements of the county, and he stands 
to-day as one of the representative men of his locality. 



JOHN EDGAR I\IO\TGOAIERY. 

One who has gained public f;ivor througli ennscimtious labor in the public's 
interests is he of whom this brief sketch treats. John E;!gar Montgomery of South 
Amboy, New Jersey, who has deservedly attained a prominent place, not only in 
local, but in state affairs as well. He was birn at Old Bridge, New Jersey, on May 
13. 1844, a son of John and Ann Montgomery. The f.mily is an old one in that 
section; the grandfather. John Montgomery, was an active and energetic cld-Iine 
Whig, well known and highly respected throughout the county. 

John Edgar Montgomery's school days were spent at his home in Old Bridge. 



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HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY. COAST. 153 

Soon after the completion of his s'.udies he entered the employ of John \V. Fore- 
man, as a clerk, next with Foreman & Disbrow, and later with Ward C. Perrine, 
with whom he was finally associated as a partner in business. About eighteen years 
ago he opened a general merchandise store at South Amboy, which he has since car- 
ried on with more than ordinary success, and is to-day one of the oldest estab- 
lishments in the town. 

During his busy life he ha? found time to interest himself in local affairs gen- 
erally, and so valuable has he proved to the Republican party, that they honored 
him by electing him in 1900 to the- assembly by a handsome majority. He fulfilled 
the trust reposed in him so satisfactorily to the people whom he represented, that 
he was re-elected to serve a second term. He was also made chairman on labor and 
industries, railroads, canals and printing, and did most effective work. He was elected 
in 1901 for a third term. Seldom is any person elected in Middlel)ury county for three 
terms. He served again as chairman of railroads and canals. 

Mr. Montgomery is a Mason and a member of St. Stephens Lodge. No. 63, of 
South Amboy. and a member also of the Lincoln Club. He married Miss Elizabeth 
L. Hayes, and has one son, John L. Montgomery. 



HENRY W. MIELKE. 



The field of business is wide and the opportunity for advancement lies before all 
who have the will to dare and to do. That so comparatively few win success is the 
result of a lack of application or of business sagacity to direct their labors, but in both 
these particulars Mr. Mielke is well qualified, and added to this is a thorough knowl- 
edge of the business to which he directs his energies. He is a noted florist of Long 
Branch, whose fame in his chosen calling has spread far and wide, and to-day he is 
conducting a very extensive and prosperous business. 

.\ native of Prussia, he was born in 1854 and was reared and educated there. 
His father, Henry VV. Mielke, Sr.. was forester to Bismarck, and at the age of fourteen 
years our subject began to learn the florist's business, serving for three years in 
the greenhouses of the Iron Chancellor, there becoming thoroughly acquainted with 
all the various phases of the work, the needs of all kinds of plant life and the best 
methods of supplying these needs. He next entered the service of Emperor William I 
as an e.vperienced horticulturist, and remained in charge of important floricultural 
interests on the palace grounds for twelve years. In 1882 he determined to .'eek a home 
and fortune in the. new world, and crossing the Atlantic he spmt about one year 
in travel in the west, visiting many scenes of beauty and interest. In 18S3 he took 
up his abode in Greenville, but aft<r -a-«h-ort time went to EngLwrod. New Jersey. 
where he was married. On the ist of March, 1887, he removed to Long Branch 
and entered the service of D. S. Brown as landscape gardener, and so beautified his 
place that it came to surpass anything on the sea front. In 18C7 he saw the necessity 
of establishing himself in a business of his own in order to meet the demands of 
patrons who sought the most superior skill in his line. .Accordirgly he purchased 
his present location, erected his residence, his conservatories and his greenhou es. and 
embarked in what is now a most extensivQ and profitable business. He handles cut 
flowers, potted plants, palms and indeed everything in his line, raising many very 
choice and valuable specimens, and as a landscape gardener he also has a very ex- 
tensive patronage, receiving a very large share of the bus'ness from the constantly 
growing population of the various towns along the coa:t. ■ He ha^ a' oit fifteen 



154 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY CO'AST. 

thousand square feet of space under glaes, containing beautiful specimens of all kinds 
of flowering and ornamental plants, and continually is he adding to his stock and 
enlarging his facilities to meet the demands of a constantly growing trade. 

In Englewood, New Jersey, in i88> Mt. Miekle was united in marriage to Miss 
Dorothea Mecklenburg, a most c-t:mable lady, and unto them have been born five 
children: .-Mice, Caroline (deceased), Henry, Otto and Elsie. The family are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. 



D.WID i\I. WILLF.TT. 



David M. Willett, one of the leading business men of Belford, and a native of 
that place, was born February 21, 1856. He is a son of the late William and Susan, 
(Walling) Willett. He was reared and educated in the place of his nativity, enjoy- 
ing in his youth the educational privileges afforded by the district schools of his neigh- 
borhood. Being of a studious mind, he applied himself closely to his studies and, 
thus, early in life fitted himself for a clerkship, entering the store of Charles Montanye 
when eighteen years of age. This gentleman was the first to establish a store in 
Belford, in 1855, beginning business in a very small way. but at that time sufficiently 
large to supply the demands of a sparsely settled community. Mr. Willett continued 
to fill the position of a clerk for seven years, and then, in company with Mr. Lohsen, 
he purchased the store, beginning business under the firm name of Lohsen & Willett. 
In 1888 this firm rebuilt, beautified and enlarged the store, it being now forty by 
forty-two feet, with a large store room attached. In addition to this store and 
entirely independent of it, they have built and are operating a drug store, which is 
modern in all of its appointments, and the entire establishment is furnished with the 
best goods that can be procured in the market. This enterprising firm is now enjoy- 
ing a large and constantly increasing patronage, the result of honorable business 
methods and earnest desire to please their patrons. 

The marriage of Mr. Willett was celebrated in 1882. when Miss Amelia A. Lohsen 
became his wife. She is a daughter of the late Lohder and Margaretta (Wendelcke) 
Lohsen, and a native of Belford. Two children have blessed this union, Harold and 
Meta L. In his social relations Mr. Willett is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics. He is a 
man of pleasing manners and of a winning disposition, traits of character which go 
far in making the firm a successful one from a business standpoint. Both members 
of the firm command the good wishes and esteem of all with whom they have business 

or social relations. 

■- ♦-•-♦ — : 

TUNIS SUYDAM K.\RKULOO. 

The value of an upright character and a good business reputation has been 
demonstrated most clearly and explicitly in the career of the well known citizen of 
Oceanic, Monmouth county. New Jersey, whose name forms the caption of this brief 
sketch. Tunis S. Barkuloo was born in Brooklyn, New York, June 8, 1851, a son of 
Abraham and Amelia M. Barkuloo. His parents removed to Oceanic, New Jersey, 
when he was three years old, and he was there educated in the public schools. He 
was early initiated into the mysteries of farming, which he followed more or less 
regularly for some years, until about a third of a century ago he became associated 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. iS5 



with the mamifacturiiig enterprise with which he has won liis enviable success in life. 

In 1S49 John S. Midwinter and son opened a factory at Oceanic for llic manu- 
facture of mops of every description and of superior workmanship. During the entire 
period of the history of tlic concern its products have been sO'Ught in the market. 
John S. Midwinter died in July. 1876. and the business was carried on l)y tlie widow 
of John S. Midwinter until her death, the son having died in 1872. May 18, 1897, 
A. H. Midwinter succeeded her mother, Sarah F. M\idwinter. in whose name the 
business is still carried on under the management of Tunis S. Barkuloo, who has had 
it in charge for luore than thirty-three years. The plant has an annual capacity of 
fifteen thousand mops and from every point of view the enterprise is a profifable and 
a successful one. 

Mr. Barkuloo enjoys in the highest degree the respect and confidence 0>i his 
fellow citizens. He is a man of much public .stjirit. who lakes a deep interest in all 
the affairs of his town. He is a charter member of the Oceanic hook and ladder 
company, of which for twenty years he has been treasurer, and he is a charter mem- 
ber and treasurer of Narumsunk Tribe, No. 148, Improved Order of Red Men. He 
is a charter member of Seaside Lodge, No. 217. K. of P. (Seabright), and member 
of Mystic Brotherhood Lodge, No. 28 (Red Bank), F. &. A. M. 



ALBERT DENNIS. 



The reader of mature years who has traveled much can easily picture to hinnself 
a hotel keeper whose geniality is so pronounced that his very pr^^sence breathes hospi- 
tality and good cheer. Such a "Landlord" is .-Mbert Dennis, proprietor of the oldest 
hotel at Tintonfalls, Monmouth county, New Jersey. Mr. Dennis, who from his youth 
has been a hotel man and a horseman, was born at Eatontown. Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, June 7, 1857, a son of Hubbard and Elizabeth H. Dennis. His father, 
who was a harnessmaker by trade, removed from Eatontown to Red Bank, and even- 
tually removed from Red Bank to Tintonfalls to take charge of the Tintonfalls Road 
House. That was in 1881, and he managed the house successfully for twenty years, 
making for it and for himself many friends, some of them from remote parts of our 
great country. He was a worthy member of the Masonic fraternity, who lived up to 
the beneficent teachings of the order as fully as it was possible -for any man to do, 
and he was known to his fellow citizens as a man of unusual public spirit. He died 
in 1892. 

Mr. Dennis is descended from an old Scotch family, his branch of which has been 
represented on the New Jersey coast for three generations. He was educated and 
trained for the practical business of his life at Red Bank. From his yout)i he has 
been fond of horses and he has always loved to handle them and to care for tlifem, 
and it may be said that he has made the horse a lifelong study. Some of the 
horses which have been trained by him and have passed into the racing circuit are 
marvels of speed. The following named well known horses, trained by him, are only a 
few of the many which have been under his care: Bcldie has a record of two minutes 
and fourteen and one-fourth seconds ; Paddie has a record of two minutes and twenty- 
two seconds; Senator is a promising young horse, the property of a New Yorker; 
Dannie A. has a pacing record of two minutes and nineteen seconds. The records 
given represent the best training time of the animals mentioned, which as soon 
as they have been well started by Mr. Dennis are taken away and put on reil contest 
work. Mr. Dennis owns Carrie C, whose time is better than two minutes and twenty 



156 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

seconds. Mr. Dennis has been proprietor of the ''Tintonfalls Road House" for thirteen 
years, during which time he has managed it so much to the satisfaction of the travel- 
ing public that he has made it one of the mp^t popular of the public houses in its 
vicinity. 

Mr. Dennis married Miss Carrie Gulliedue, a lady of American and French par- 
efifage. in 1899. He is a popular member of the Junior Order of- American Mechanics. 



WILLIAM E. PALMER. 

William E. Palmer is a wealthy and representative farmer of Monmouth county, 
his residence and well cultivated fanm lands being located in West Long Branch. 
His success along agricultural lines is not due to his having been feared in an 
atmosphere of such pursuits. — for he was born in the city of New York, November 
19. 1850, — but to an inherent love for a vocation toward which his every inclination 
leaned. His parents were Gilbert and Sophia (Gorton) Palmer, both natives of 
New York City. Gilbert Palmer, father of our subject, was. a butcher by trade, for 
many years successfully conducting a stall in Old Tompkins Market. He was a 
sturdy, upright and honorable man- &f-btisiness; -to which fact his prosperity is due. 
His father, Stephen Palmer, also an uncle, Henry Palmer, took an active part in the 
war of 1S12. 

As already stated, William E. Palmer was born in New York City, where his 
education was acquired. After completing his studies, he learned the cigar manu- 
facturing business, which he followed for some time both in New York City and in 
Brooklyn. 

On July II, 1S75, Mr. Palmer was joined in marriage to Miss Ellen P., daugh- 
ter of Henry G. and Ellen (Fulton) Julian, residents of West Long Branch, but 
both natives of New York City. Mr. and Mrs. Palmer were blessed with ten chil- 
dren : George P.; Elwood T., Henry W., Charles G., .Louis .G., Walter E., Lillian 
F., Albert J., Florence E. atid Ellen J. Mts Palmer died December 10, 1896. George 
F. is a graduate of )the New Y^ork Homeopathic School of Medicine. 

It was in 1882 that Mr. Palmer took possession of his present farm, on wliich 
was located the old Methodist parsonage, and which still remains standing -in a good 
state of preservation, notwithstanding its old age. Near. the old house stands an 
ancient tree, which for years guided the mariners of the coast before the present 
improved system of beacons was instituted. It was in 1885 that Mr. Palmer erected 
his present palatial residence, which commands a wide and interesting view of the 
ocean with its constantly varying scenes, bearing its wonderful burden of sailing 
craft to and fro, some engaged in commercial pursuits, others on pleasure bent. 
The same reason assigned for the prosperity which attended the efforts of the father 
of our subject can be ascribed to the son. for in all respects he has been a man of 
unimpeachable character, energetic, honorable and justly favored with the good will 
of .his fellow men. 



ASA WILLIS. 



The raising of fruits for the New York market occupies the attention of a large 
number of excellent horticulturists in Monmouth county, and one of these is Asa 
Willis, who is the subject of this biography. The birth of Mr. Willis was in New 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 157 

York, and for twenty years he was there engaged in the commission business in 
Washington market. 

Captain Asa Willis, who was the grandfather of our subject, was a native of 
Mystic, Connecticut, and was a deep-sea mariner of extensive experience, and was 
also the owner of several vessels which sailed to foreign ports. In 1841 he removed 
to Keansburg, Monmouth county, and there he bought a small farm and on it made 
his home until his death, in 1858. His marriage was to Deborah Burrows, and their 
children were as follows: Abel, Asa, Daniel, William B., Lavina, Nancy. Mary and 
Weltha. 

William B. Willis, the son of Captain Asa Willi.s and the father of our subject, 
was born in New York on March 20, 1823, and he was the first man to locate on the 
ground upon which was situated the West Washington market. During the Civil 
war he became a member of the United States navy and was made purse/ en the 
transport Cossack, serving faithfully on this vessel for two years. After the close of 
the war Mr. Willis returned to the south in a business capacity and engaged as a 
shipper for seventeen years ; his death occurred on August 7, 1897, when his useful 
and busy life ended. His marriage had been to Miss Catherine Hendricxson, of 
Xevv Y'ork, a lady of social position and estimable character, who still survives hint, 
and these children were born to them: Asa. born on December 17. 1S52 ; William 
B., born in April, 1856; John D., Charles R., Robert, Deborah. Weltha Fannie, 
Saphronia and Ida. 

Asa Willis, of this sketch, is associated with his brother. William B.. in tlie truck- 
ing business in Monmouth county, and they are most successful growers of all kinds 
of fruit possible to the climate. Their product finds ready sale, and th> business 
under their able management brings them handsome returns. Mr. W'illis is considered 
an excellent man of business and is socially connected with the J. O. U. A. M. Both 
he and brother are unmarried. 



WILLIAM L. JONES. 

Among the successful farmers of Monmouth county. New Jersey, is W'illiam L. 
Jones, who owns and operates a farm of on« hundred and twenty acres of fine land, 
located in Atlantic township, this tract being known as the old Van Mater home- 
stead. The birth of Mr. Jones was-in this to-vmship, February 14, 1833. and he was a 
son of Hon. Samuel W. and Letty Ann (Smock) Jones, the former of whom was 
born in Burlington county, in 1808, and the latter in Monmouth county in 1806. 

The maternal ancestry of our subject reaches as far back as 1654, when Hendrick 
Smock left his home in Holland and came to the United States, bringing with him 
his wife, formerly Geerje Hermans, who died in 1708. Mr. Smock settled in New 
Utrecht. New Jersey, purchasing land in 1665. In 1687 he took the oath of allegiance 
to the new government and served as a magistrate until 1689. His children were as 
follows : Matthias, Johannis, Marritje, Lecudert, Sarah, Martyntje and Rebecca, Jo- 
hannis Smock removed to Monmouth county and in 1672 married Catherine Barents, 
to whom were born: Hendrick, Barnes, Martje, Anna and Femmeke. Hendrick 
Smock, son of Johannis, was born in 1698 and died on May 30. 1747. He married 
Mary Schanck in 1721, and eight children were born to them. John Smock, son of 
Hendrick, was born in 1727, and in 1747 married Elizabeth Conover. who bore twelve 
children, of whom George, the direct ancestor, was born on November 24. 1754, mar- 
ried his first wife, Sarah Conover, in 1779. and on November 27, 1794. married his 



158 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

second wife, Margaret \'an Devcnter. The cliildren of the first marriage were as 
follows: John, Aaron, Hcndrick, Peter, George. Alary and an infant; and the children 
of the second marriage were these: Jacob; Janett ; Sarah; Elizabeth; Jane; Letty 
Ann, the mother of our subject; Isaac J.; and Eleanor. 

Hon. Samuel \V. Jones, who was the father of our subject, was one of the leading 
Democratic statesmen of Monmouth county. When a mere boy, he was brought to 
Monmouth county and lived in Vanderburg for some seven years, engaged in farming 
in the county, and was here married to Letty .-Vnn Smock, as above sta;ed. In 1839 
he returned to Burlington county, but in 1846 returned to Monmouth county, which 
was his home until. his death in i885, his wife surviving until her eightieth year. Sam- 
uel \\'. Jones was a man of energy and industry, and applied himself to the improve- 
ment of his five hundred acres of land. Promin-cnt in public affairs and enjoying the 
confidence of his fellow-citizens, he was called upon to fill many of the minor offices, 
and in 1850 he was made assemblyman and filled that honorable position with a 
dignity and efficiency which reflected credit upon him and also upon his constituency. 
His early training in religious matters had been in a community of Friends, but later 
he became associated with the German Reformed church. His family of children 
numbered ten ; nine of these grew to maturity, and eight still survive. 

William L. Jones, who is the subject of this biography, was the second in order 
of birth in the family of his parents. He attended school both in Burlington and 
Monmouth counties, but has resided continuously in Monmouth county since he was 
thirteen years of age. By trade Mr. Jones is a carpenter, but he is more than that, 
being in reality a natural mechanic, handling the tcwls of both carpenter and wheel- 
wright with more than usual skill. For twenty years he has been engaged in building 
in Holmdel, and in addition has demonstrated, since 1892, that he is also a practical 
and successful farmer. His specialty is the breeding of fine strains of poultry, and 
he owns great numbers of fancy and full-blooded birds, some of these bringing the 
highest prices ever paid in this county. 

The marriage of Mr. Jones was in 1863 to Miss Catherine Holmes, and to this 
union two sons were born, namely: Jonathan H., who is a merchant in Vanderburg; 
and Charles W^., who manages the poultry business on his father's farm. The family 
are connected with the Dutch Reformed church, where they are constant attendants 
and to which they are liberal supporters. Mr. Jones is well known in this locality 
and enjoys the esteem of the neighborhood in the highest degree. 



CORNELIUS ACKERSON. 

Cornelius AckeTson, one among the prominent financier.- and useful men of 
Monnwuth county, residing at Kcyport, conies of honored Dutch stock of the early 
colonial times. 

The first three generations of the family in America are named in "The New 
York Genealogical and Biographical Record" for July, 1876. According to this 
authority, Jan Thomaszen j. m. Van de Manhattans, who came from Holland, 
married (November 8, 1865) Appolonia Cornelis. daughter of Cornells Claeszen Siiitz 
(Sintsart, Wits) and of Arientio (feminine .\drian) Cornelis — she was baptized 
October 25, 1648. The issue of this marriage was twelve children, and in each case 
the baptismal record gives the name of the father as Jan Thomaszen. About the 
year 1692 he assumtd the surname of I^ckcrson. and this form was retained by his 
children as their family name. It is to be noted, however, that in the Dutch church 





<^CCA.<!>'^-i:^'^''\. 



HISTORY OF THE Xi:W JERSEY COAST. 159 

records of New York the name variously appears as Echons, EckL-ns, Eckcs, Ecker- 
son, Ekkissc, Etkins, and with other niodiiications. 

Cornelis Eckerson, third child of .Ian Thomaszen (.Eckerson), was baptized 
April 9, 1&71. August 24. 1693, he married Wiilemtje Vlierboom j. d. ; both lived 
at Tappan. New York. Their children were : Jan, baptized June 26, 1695, died in 
infancy: Malthye. baptized November 8. 165(1. married, first. Margrietje Blauvelt, 
second, Jannetje Straat ; Jan, baptized March 22. 1696, married Geesie Straat ; Cor- 
nelis, baptized January u, i/Ci, married Rachal Blauvcl; Jacob, baptized February 
28, 1703, married Tryntje (Catherine) Hartje; Thomas, baptized March 3, 1706, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Meyer. The marriages herein noted are believed to be as given, but 
are not of record. 

Jan Eckerson, third child of the above named Cornelis Eckerson, by his mar- 
riage with Geesie Straat became the father of the following named children, as 
appears from church records: Cornelius, born August 14, 1723: Dirk, born Feb- 
ruary 12, 172S; Jan, born October iS, 1730; Trej-ntje. born March 6, 1734. died in 
infancy; Jacob, born November 30, 1735, married Susanna Sarven; Tryntje, born 
Ja:niary 5. 1739 : Garret, born February 24. 1743. 

Garret, youngest child of Jan Eckerson and Geesie Straat. born in Rockland 
county. New York, gave the family name its present form of Ackerson. He served 
with gallantry in the Continental army during the Revolutionary war, as it is attested 
by the fact that he rose to the rank of captain. He died May 30, 1811, aged sixty- 
eight years, three months and six days. His remains were interred in the Warwick 
cemetery, and his memory as a patriot soldier is honored on Decoration Day, as 
are those of other heroes of later wars. Captain Garret Ackerson married Dorcas 
Springsteen and removed to Warwick. Orange county. New York. Se\en children 
were born of this marriage: James, John. Garret. Cornelius. Jane, Betsy and Mary. 
Cornelius, the fourth son in this family, born in Warwick. New York, in 1782. mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Elijah Townsend, of Dutchess county. New York, and they 
became the parents of five children : John T.. deceased ; William W.. deceased ; 
Maria .\.. who became Mrs. Joseph Hoff; Henry E. ; and ."Xnn Eliza, who became 
Mrs. Joseph H. Gibson. 

Henry E. Ackerson, third and only surviving son of Cornelius Ackerson, of the 
last named family, was bon; July 24. 1S21, at Warwick. Orange county. New Yorlc. 
When he was quite young his parents removed to Monmouth county, New Jersey. 
His educational advantages in the common schools were liyiited, and his youth was 
principally occupied in farm labor. On attaining his majority he farmed with his 
father on shares, and when the father died he inherited a share of the patrimonial 
estate, and purchasing the remainder continued to manage the farm from that 
time forward. For a time, beginning in 1865, he was also interested in a stock 
company which owned the propeller "Holmdel.'' and for two years he was master 
of that vessel, which plied between Kcyport and New York City. In 1840 he was 
united in marriage to Mary, daughter of William Hyer, of Matawan. and their chil- 
dren were: Sarah, who became the wife of Daniel I. Stillwcll ; Cornelius; and 
Margaret, who became the wife of George H. Melville. 

Cornelius .A.ckerson. only son of Captain Henry E. and Mary (Hyer) Ackerson, 
and sixth in direct descent from Jan Thomaszen (Eckerson), the founder of the 
family in America, was born in Holmdel township, near Hazlct. Monmouth county. 
New Jersey, September 11, 1852. He received his initial education in the district 
schools of his native place, and during his eighteenth year entered Packard's Busi- 
ness College, in New York City, from which institution he was graduated with 
a thorough training in a commercial course. He afterward became a farmer, a voca- 



i6o HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

tion which he successfully pursued for sixteen years. He removed to Keyport, April 
I, i8go, to become identified with the People's National Bank of that place, subse- 
quently retiring from the directorate to accept the position of assistant cashier, in 
which capacity he served until July i, 1900, when he was advanced to his present 
position of cashier. Mr. Ackerson is a member of the board of water commis- 
sioners of Keyport, and is also treasurer of that body, and is a member of the 
Keyport board of education. In various other ways he has rendered material aid 
in advancing the business and general interests of the town. Careful and exact in 
his methods, dispassionate in judgment, and of uncompromising integrity, he is re- 
garded as especially trustworthy in nil financial concerns. He is a Democrat in 
pohtics. Fraternally he is connected with Coronal Council, No, 1456. Royal Ar- 
canum, in which he is past regent. 

On February 3, 1875, Mr. Ackerson was married to Miss Anna B. Stihvell, a 
daughter of John S. Stihvell, of Hazlet, Two sons were born of this marriage, 
Henry E., Jr., and Cecil S. Ackerson. 

Henry E. Ackerson, Jr., oldest son of Cornelius and Anna B. (.Stillwell) Ack- 
erson, w-as born at Hazlet, Monmouth county. New Jersey, October 15, 1880. He 
was graduated from the Keyport high school on June 8. i8g8, and from Packard's 
Business College, New York City, on June 7, 1900, with honors in each instance. 
He entered upon the study of law in the New York La'w School, and on June 12. 
1902, was graduated from that institution with honors and at the head of his class 
of one hundred and forty members, winning the highest distinction, tlie fellowship 
prize.. His, splendid success was the more pronounced in view of the fact that in 
the competitive examinations of the course the majority of his classmates were col- 
lege bred men of more mature years. Immediately after his graduation, on June 14, 
he registered for the New Jersey bar from the law office of Blair, Crouse & Perkins, 
of Jersey City. 

Cecil S. Ackerson, second son of Cornelius and Anna B. (Stilwell) Ackerson, 
was born at Hazlet, Monmouth county, New Jersey, on October 28, 1887. He 
was promoted with honor to the senior class of the Keyport high school on June 
4, 1902. 

* ' » 

RUFUS OGDEN WALLING. 

Rufus Ogden Walling, pharmacist of Keyport and Matawan, New Jersey, was 
born October 11, 1879, at Keyport, Monmouth county. New Jersey. He is the 
youngest of the children of the late Alfred and Henrietta (Ogden) Walling, whose 
personal memoirs Jire contained in this volume. Rufus Ogden Walling was gradu- 
ated from Keyport high school in 1895. While a student at Ke>T)ort he was during 
a portion of his time from 1893 associated in a clerical capacity with a cousin of the late 
Alfred W. HofT, pharmacist of Atlantic Highlands and Keyport. Dete;nTini;ig upon 
the adoption of the pharmaceutical profession Mt. Walling entered the New York 
College of Pharmacy, from which he was graduated with the cla-^s of 1897. In 1898 
he purchased from the A. W. Hoff estate the Keyport drug store, in the successful 
conduct of which he has since been engiged. In 1901 he added a branch establish- 
ment at Matawan, purchasing, restocking and generally improving the Amcricus Bell 
store at that place. Mr. Walling is president of Raritan Hose Company No. 2, of 
Keyport. a member of Bay Side Lodge. No. 193. I. O. O. F., and of Caesarea Lodge, 
of Keyport, F. & A. M. He was married December 2. 1901. to Miss Mary Hanson 
De GrofF, daughter of William P. De GrotY, of Keyport, whose personal history is 
contained in this volume. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. i6i 

JUDGE ALFRED WALLING, Jr. 

The late Judge .•\lfrcd Walling, Jr., was a grandson of Cornelius Walling, 
who was one of the prominent and successful agriculturists of Raritan (now Mid- 
dletown) township, Monmouth county. Cornelius Walling married Elizabeth Mur- 
phy, a member of one of the oldest families of the county. The children of this 
marriage who lived to attain maturity were Alfred. Eusebius, Elizabeth (widow of 
Thomas V. Arrowsmith, of Keyport), and Amelia (wife of Thomas B. Stout, also 
of Keypoit). Of these but one, Jilrs. .■\.rrowsmith, survives. Mr. Walling was an 
influential citizen of the county, having represented his district in the state legisla- 
ture and filled various offices of lesser importance. 

His son, Alfred, whose birth occurred at the homestead in Raritan township 
on the loth of June, 1812, at a later period of his life removed to Keyport, where 
he resided until his death, having been among its earliest citizens and largely identi- 
fied with its development and progress. He was for years associated with Leonard 
Walling, Esq., as a merchant, and later adopted the profession of a land surveyor. 
His services were also much sought in the settlement of estates and the execution 
of important trusts requiring not only financial ability but marked integrity. He was 
elected to the state legislature in 1844, and vi'as especially active in affairs of a local 
character. His death occurred on tlie 8th of November, 1875. Mr. Walling married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Stout. Their children were : Matilda, wife of Jeremiah 
Hoff, resides at Keyport; Eusebius died at the age of eighteen; and Alfred Walling, 
Jr., the immediate subject of these memoirs. 

Judge Alfred Walling, Jr., was born on the 26th of October, 1845, at Keyport, 
Monmouth county, Mhere, with the exception of two years spent in mercantile life 
in New York, he continued to reside up to the time of his decease, November, 1897. 
He was educated in the public schools of his native place, and for ten years associated 
with his father as an engineer and surveyor, combining with this pursuit the business 
of conveyancing. Meanwhile, having begun the study of law, he was admitted to 
the bar in 1874, and at once became established in practice in Keyport. He contin- 
ued the successful pursuit of his profession until 1879, the date of his appointment 
as law judge of Monmouth county by Governor McClellan, an office which he con- 
tinued to fill by successive gubernatorial appointments until 1890, serving witli marked 
ability. Judge Walling manifested his patriotism at the age of sixteen by enlisting; 
for the late Civil war; but being a minor, his servces were rejected. He, however,, 
was identified with the state militia as captain of Company G, Third Regiment 
National Guards of New Jersey, in i86g, and as major of the same regiment, which 
commission was also received during that year. Judge Walling was identified with 
the material, social and moral interests of Keyport, and co-operated in various en- 
terprises tending to advance the development of the place. He was for several years 
president of Moninouth Trust Company, Asburj Park. He was a director of the 
First National Bank of Keyport, having formerly held the same relation to the 
Farmers' and Merchants' Bank of Matawan. His political affiliations were with 
the Democracy, by which party he was in early manhood nominated for a legislative 
position, but which he at the time declined. Subsequently he was nominated and 
elected to the assembly and served one term. 

A prominent member of the bar of Monmouth county paid the following tril)ute 
to Judge Walling during the latter's lifetime: "Ai a man he is mild and una-smi- 
ing in his manner, yet very resolute and infle.xible when once convinced as to his 
proper course. He is courteous in his relations and honorable in his dealings, having 
established an enviable reputation both as lawyer and judge. Since presiding on' 
11 



i62 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

the bench he has examined with great care bo:h the law and the facts in the various 
cases under his jurisdiction. Impartial in his dealings he has commanded the unani- 
mous approval and respect of the Monmouth county bar." Judge Walling, on the 
9th of January, 1867, married Henrietta, daughter of Rufus Ogden, whose personal 
memoirs are contained herein. Their children were Alnetta, who became wife of 
Dr. R. W. Jewett, of Keyport; and Rufus O. Walling (sec sketch in this volume). 



DANIEL HENDRICKSON ROBINSON. 

Among the well known farmers of Raritan township, Keansburg Postoffice, the 
name of Daniel H. Robinson deserves a conspicuous place. Mr. Robinson was born 
near Old Bridge, on July 28, 1836. He is the son of ihe late George G. and Catherine 
(Hendrickson) Robinson. His father was born December 28, 1806, and departed this 
life November 15, 1871. The mother of our subject was born December i, 1809, and 
died July 12, 1859. Their children were as follows : Ann L., now deceased, who 
was the wife of John J. Antonides, a farmer ; Thomas W., now residing in Iowa ; 
Ellen H., who died in childhood; Elmira, wife of John McGrogan, of Paterson, New 
Jersey; our subject, Daniel H. ; Mary E., wife of Albert Polhemius; James H., who 
met his death during the Civil war ; Marsenia, wife of Joseph Pope, of New York 
City; Henrietta, wife of John Polhemius, both now deceased; and John Franklin 
Robinson, of Asbury Park. 

For many years the father of our subject was proprietor of a hotel, which he 
erected on the shore of the bay at Keansburg, a location not far distant from where 
Daniel H. now lives, a business in which our subject was interested in early man- 
hood. On the maternal side our subject's grandfather, Daniel D. Hendrickson was a 
captain in the war of the Revolution, and made for himself a splendid record, which 
is a source of pride to his descendants. 

Daniel H. Robinson, the subject of our sketch, purchased the farm which he 
now devotes successfully to the cultivation of fruit trees, the raising of a general line 
of garden truck, and the growing of asparagus. 

He was united in marriage July 7, 1857, to Ellen Hayward. daughter of John 
and Ellen Hayward, of New York City, where she was barn February 23, 1834. 
Four children were born to them, namely: Emma, born May 7. 1^59, who died 
March 14, 1875; George G., born June 7, 1864, died June 2, 1866; William B., born 
December 2, 1861, a farmer, who married Eva Eastmand, daughter of Thomas J. 
Eastmand ; and Inez, born in March, 1896. 

In politics Mr. Robinson is a Democrat, but he has preferred to live a quiet and 
retired life rather than engage in political strife. Mrs. Robinson's parents were 
natives of Sheffield, England. 



JAMES P. B. BENNETT. 

Among the prosperous and highly-esteemed young agriculturists of Monmouth 

county, New Jer.sey, is James P. B. Bennett, who was born in Middleto.vn township, 

this county, on May 28, 1862. His parents were the late John O. and E. L. (Conover) 

Bennett, the former of whom was one of the excellent farmers of this locality. By 

"his second marriage, with the mother of our subject, he acquired this excellent farm. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 163 

which was formerly a part of the Conover estate. Mr. Bennett was noted for his 
fine horses and took great pride in possessing a number of high-bred animals. The 
two surviving children of Mr. and Mrs. Bennett are our subject and his brother, 
William. 

James P. B. Bennett received his early education in the public schools of his 
native township and later enjoyed higher advantages in the New York City Grammar 
School, No. 59. In 1886, about the time of his marriage, Mr. Bennett bought the 
home farm. It is situated near Vanderburg and consists of one hundred and thirty- 
five acres of the most desirable land, under great improvement and a high state of 
■cultivation. The principal crop that Mr. Bennett raises is asparagus, his proximity 
to large cities insuring ready sale and great demand for this delicious vegetable. 

The marriage of Mr. Bennett was to Miss Maggie P. Conover, a native of Atlantic 
township, where she was born on July 7, 1867, and was a daughter of D. Rezeau and 
Eleanor Conover. To this union these children have been born, namely: Nellie L., 
born February 3, 1887; Emma W., born on July 4, 188S; Ada C, born on January 31, 
1890; Maggie, born on March 3, 1891 ; Charles A., born on October 9, 1892; Bertha, 
born on January 17, 1894; aid John O., born on April \y. 1895. 

Mr. Bennett is one of the energetic and popular young men of his township and 
the "confidence of his fellow citizens was shown by his election to the office of school 
trustee, in which position he discharged the duties to the satisfaction of all throi'gh 
three years. He is thoroughly representative among the excellent citizens of Mon- 
mouth county. 



JOHN HENRY SMOCK. 

The threads of the history of the family of Smock, of which John H. Smock, a 
prominent farmer of Holmdel, whose postoffice address is at Matawan, Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, is a representative, reach back into those events which make up 
the early history of that part of the state. Mr. Smock's farm of two hundred and 
thirty acres has been owned in his family for four generations. 

Mr. Smock's great-grandfather in the mat;Tnal line was Cornelius Cowenhoven 
(Conover), a Hollander, who emigrated to Ani'crica about 1692, bringing with him a 
brother and sister, who married into the Schenck family. Together they took up 
about one thousand acres of land and each built a house which is standing at this 
time in good condition. A part of the residence of Mr. Smock is one of those old 
Tiouses which was rebuilt by Mr. Smock's father over eighty years ago. The Smocks 
came over from Holland alx)ut the year 1700, and the original progenitor of the family 
here is believed to have been Mathias Smock (then spelled Shniolck), who brought 
with him a coat of arms dated about 1654, which is held to be certain evidence that 
the family was related to royalty. With the Smocks cam« members of the families 
of Vandeveer, Polhemius, Leffert, Van Mater, Romine and Aten. The farm now 
owned by John H. Smock came into the ownership of his uncle, Daniel G. Schenck, 
from whom it passed to his father. George G. Smock, -whose first wife was Sarah S. 
Smock, who bore him five children, named as follows : Eleanor S., married Garrett 
G. Polhemius, and both are dead ; Garrett G., Daniel G. and Robert C. are dead ; 
John H., who is the immediate subject of this sketch. George G. Smock's second 
wife was Ellen, a daughter of Ruloff and Mary (Van Doren) Smock, who bore him 
no children They were zealous members and supporters of the Dutch Reformed 
church at Holmdel. 



i64 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

John H. Smock was born on the farm on which he now lives, October lo. 1827, 
and was educated in the common schools near his home. He early took up the life 
of a farmer, and was married January 13, 1870, to Jane W. Van Doren, who was 
born March 14, 1845, a daughter of Isaac P. and Eleanor Conover (Hankinson) Van 
Doren. of Marlboro township. 

The Van Dorens were of Holland-Dutch ancestry. The original progenitors came 
to America about 1690, and a member of this family is said to have been the first 
white child christened in the county of Monmouth; the ceremony is believed to have 
been perfonned in the Baptist church at Middletown. Peter, Van Doren, a Hollander, 
and a grandfather of Mrs. Smock, was the original progenitor of the family in New 
Jersey. He was a zealous supporter of the Dutch Reformed church and was an active 
factor in the organization of "the old brick church." He married Jane Williamson, 
who bore him eleven children, named: Arthur, William, Jacob, Peter, Isaac, Polly, 
Sarah, Albert, Ann, Williampe E. and Jane. Isaac, the father of Mrs. Smock, received 
a good education and early in life was a farmer, but eventually he became a mill- 
wright and as such achieved extraordinary success. He was deeply intere-tcd in 
political affairs and as a Democrat was elected to many important township offices. 
He married Eleanor Conover Hankinson, daughter of Captain Kenneth Hankinson, 
who between 1760 and 1790 owned most of the desirable land, amounting to several 
thousand acres, in what is now Manalapan. He was an extensive farmer, miller, 
distiller and lumberman, and in his time was known as one of the wealthy men of the 
state. He fought for American independence in the war of the Revolution with the 
rank of captain. Mrs. Smock's grandfather Van Doren and her father were soldiers 
in the war of 1812, and three of her brothers fought for the Union cause in our late 
Civil war. Her brother William enlisted as a private and was elected first lieutenant 
of his company and for gallantry was afterward promoted to be its captain. Mr. 
Smock's grandfather Smock fought seven years during the Amierican Revolution for 
the cause of the colonies and his father was a soldier in the war of 1812. Peter and 
Eleanor Conover (Hankinson) Van Doren had four daughters and two sons. Their 
posterity is now quite numerous, and some of their descendants have attained un- 
common prominence, one of their grandsons having been the late Governor William 
A. Newell, who is distinguished as the inventor of the life-saving service now in use 
by the United States government, one of the most beneficent and practical inventions 
of the last century. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smock have in their house many ancient relics, all of which are 
from two to three hundred years old and some of which were brought from Holland 
by the original American ancestors of the family, .\mong these articles are many 
odd pieces of furniture, including chairs, sofas and clocks, together with a warming 
stove for the feet, curious dishes, a "gossiping stick" and numerous other things of 
interest. 



ROBERT L. BROWN. 



Classed among the prominent and enterprising farmers of Raritan township, Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, is found the subject of this review. Robert L. Brown, 
who is a native son of this state. He is a son of Henri' P. and Eliza (Byers) Brown, 
both natives of the north of Ireland, the former born in 1828 and the latter in 1830. 
They were married in their native land, and in 1850 came to .■\merica. locating on 
land which is still owned by members of the family. The father passed away in this 




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JOHN E. BECKMANN. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 163 

county in 1883, but the mother is still living, having reached the age of seventy-one 
years. They had a family of nine children, all of whom grew to years of maturity, 
namely : Joseph, a commission merchant of Denver. Colorado ; Mary A., the de- 
ceased wife of William Coe; William, a farmer of Raritan township; Jane, deceased; 
Eliza and Emma, who make their homo with their mother; Robert L., our subject; 
Elsie, a resident of Asbury Park; and Richard, who resides on a farm adjoining the 
old homestead. 

Robert L. Brown was born on the farm on which he still resides, on the 4th of 
July, 1861. He received his education in the common schools of the locality, and 
early in life he engaged in agricultural pursuits, having since been engaged in the 
tilling of the soil. He now conducts his farm in a scientific manner and is extensively 
engaged in the raising of vegetables and small fruits. He was married on the 14th of 
April, 1896, to Anna Walling, who was born March 15, 1867. a daughter bf William 
R. and Marie (Nivison) Walling, both natives of Monmouth couny. their ancestors 
having been among its earliest settlers. He has followed agricultural pursuits through- 
out his entire business career, and is now employed as superintendent of the poor 
farm at Keyport. Unto our subject and wife have been born two children. — Laura 
and Robert. Mr. Brown votes with the Democracy, and religiously the family are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church at Keansburg. The family is one of 
prominerice in Monmouth county, where they have a wide circle of friends and 
acquaintances. 



JOHN EIBE BECKMANN. 

Most of the prominent citizens living at and about Coltsneck, Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, are descendants of old New Jersey families. A notable exception are 
the Beckmanns, John Frederick and John E:be, who are natives of Germany, and 
possess all those sterling qualities which mark the German character. 

John E. Beckmann is a merchant doing business at Brooklyn, New York, who 
has established a palatial summer residence near Coltsneck, near the elegant home 
of his brother, John F. Beckmann, who is a wealthy farmer. John E. Beckmann 
was born in Germany in 185^ and came to America in 1869 and located in New 
York City, where for six years he was engaged in the groceiy business and for three 
years after that in the dairy business. He began business life for himself in 1878, 
when he established a grocery, which he managed successfully until 1889. After tak- 
ing a vacation, du ing which he made an extensive tour through the west and a voy- 
age to his native land, in which he traveled extensively, in iSgi. he again established 
himself in the grocery trade at 1031 Flushing avenue. Brooklyn, New York, which 
he has built up to large proportions. He purchased his place at Coltsneck in 1807. 
in the following year built the handsome structure and outbuildings which constitute 
his summer home, and has since devoted much of h-s spare time to its improvement. 
He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Felfows and has passed through 
all the chairs of his lodge. Since 188=; Mr. Beckmann has been a member of the New 
Jersey Corps of Schutzen. 

John F. Beckmann, elder brother of John E. Beckmann, was born in Ger- 
many in 1846. and emigrated to America in 1866, and for a short time lived at St. 
Louis, Missouri. Then locating in New York, he was in the milk trade there untij 
1868. when he removed to California, where until 1889 he was employed as delivery 
clerk and baggage agent for the Southern Pacific Railway Company. He then re- 



1 66 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

turned to his native country, wliere his daughter was finishing her education, and 
that same j'ear purchased a farm of sixty acres, which he named Silver farm ; this 
was his home until 1895, when he removed to his present beautiful place near Colts- 
neck. He married Miss Augusta Kemps in 1874, and she bore him a daughter named 
Ann Sophie. By his present wife, who was Miss Johannah Snedeker and whom 
he married in 1890, he has a daughter named Harriet L. 

John E. Beckmann has made repeated trips to the land of his birth, which have 
necessitated his crossing the Atlantic ten times, and counting his first voyage over 
he has crossed eleven times. Notwithstanding Messrs. Beckmann are patriotic lovers 
of their fatherland, they are at the same time thorough Americans, alive to the 
interests of their adopted country and solicitous for its progress and prosperity. 
The parents of these wide-awake German- American citizens were Henry F. and 
Sophia Beckmann. 



ALFRED H. MORTON. 

Alfred H. Morton, treasurer and general manager of the .\merican R'ce Food & 
Manufacturing Company, was born July 12, 1863. He is the son of ,hj late James and 
Jane Morton, natives of England, where they were married rnd from whence they 
came to the United States, locating in New York City. James Morion was a manu- 
facturer of glass, .with offices in Duane street. New York City. He is now deceased, 
but his widow survives him and lives at Matawan with her son, the immediate 
subject of this sketch. 

Alfred H. Morton was educated in the schools of Monmouth county. New Jersey. 
His first business connection was in a clerical capr.c ty at Matawan, and he was 
then for a number of years employed as traveling salesman for a wholesale grocery 
house in New York City. Since i8q6 his business associations have been in con- 
nection with the manufacturing of Cook's Flaked Rice. The plant is at Matawan, 
New Jersey, and for particulars concerning this industry see sketch of Mr. H. H. 
Longstreet, in this volume. Mr. Morton was married, in 1893, to Minnie, daugh- 
ter of the late Sidney Walling, of M tawan, ar.d they have one child. Mildred 
Morton. The family reside at Matawan and attend th; Methodist Episcopal church. 



AZARI.\H CONOVER HURLEY. 

Azariah Conover Hurley, city surveyor of Red Bank and Atlantic Highlands, 
who pursues his profession of civil engineering principally in Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, w-ith offices and home at Red Bank, was born in Middletown township, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey, September 25, 1857. He is a son of the late Hudson 
and Eleanor (Bennett) Hurley, natives of Monmouth county and descendants re- 
spectively of the early Scotch-Irish and German colonial settlers of New Jersey. 
The late Hudson Hurley was one of the prominent agriculturists of the community 
?nd he died April 30, 1880, while his wife, Elanor S. Hurley, died April 27. ifSi. Of 
their children three survive: Margaret A., wife of James .•\llcn, of R-.d Bank; 
Lafayette Hurley, also a resident of Red Bank: and .\. C. Hurley, the immediate 
subject of this sketch. 

The last named received a common-school education, assisted in the cultivation 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 167 

of his father's farm and was thereafter variously employed up to 1881, when he 
entered the service of George Cooper, a civil engineer. Under his especially compe- 
tent preceptorship Mr. Hurley thoroughly mastered the profession which he has since 
followed. He was continuously associated with Mr. Cooper up to the time of the 
latter's decease, in 1896, and during the following year attended to the winding up 
of the latter's husiness as manager for the widow of the deceased. He has since been 
engaged in the same pursuit. The late George Cooper laid out Atlantic Highlands, 
and with him in his work Mr. Hurley was associated. Later he very naturally suc- 
ceeded Mr. Cooper to the surveyorship of the place named. He was appo nted surveyor 
of Red Bank in 1897. His political affiliation is with the Democratic party and his 
fraternal connection is with the Junior Order of the United /Xmerican Mechanics, 
the Order of the United American Mechanics, the Improved Order of Heptasophs and 
the Independent Order of Foresters. He was married January 6, 1887, to Margaret A., 
daughter of Cyrenius V. Bennett. Mr. and Mrs. Hurley have four children, Frederick 
T.. George C. D., Azariah C. and Howard J., and the family reside at the corner 
of Bridge and Herbert avenues, Red Bank.- 



JOHN B. GROVER. 



A vein of romance threads its way into the early history of the founders of the 
Grover family in this country. John P... our subject, traces his line of ancestry from 
James Grover, who came into possession of six hundred acres of land, situated in 
Monmouth county, New Jersey, by will of his uncle, an early settler of Shrewsbury, 
to whom these lands were originally granted by King James II of England. The 
unique and romantic condition imposed on the legatee was that he should marry at 
the age of eighteen years. From time immemorial conditions of equal and surpassing 
strangeness have been laid upon gifts of this character, but few have be;n much 
easier of fulfillment than the one imposed upon young James Grover. Therefore, 
looking about for a suitable helpmate, he selected Deborah, daughter of William Vor- 
hees, whose family consisted of twelve promising children, nine of whom arrived 
at maturity. 

James Grover was one of the first citizens of Lcedsville. His popularity was 
attested by his being selected by the people of Monmou'h county to repescnt them 
in the New Jersey legislature. His wise conduct of the affairs of the office and his 
close adherence to the interests of those he represented reflected credit not only upon 
himself but upon those who had made him their mouthpiece. He was a prominent 
and interested member of the Presbyterian rhi-rch, a devout man who contributed 
generously to every holy and righteous enterprise of the church of his choice. 

John B. Grover, whose name precedes this chronicle, was born on the old Grover 
homestead, situated in Middletown township, on July ^7. 1830. His education was 
acquired in the public schools. His initiation into business was a'ong agricultural 
lines; this he abandoned in 1858 for mercantile trade, which he followed successfully 
at Red Bank up to the year 1876, at which time he determined to carry on farming 
again; this he continued for some time, but finally disposed of his property, interest- 
ing himself extensively in building-sand, a large bank of which he own-;. He is also 
interested in other real estate. 

The old Grover homestead in wh'ch our subject was born and received his early 
training was originally built by his granduncle in 1730; tl.'is date is authentic, since 
it is plainly cut into the old sh'ngles of the roof whch stiil form ample protection 
against wind and wcalher. 



168 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Mr. Grover married Miss Sarah A., daughter of William and Elizabeth Borden, 
in 1854; to them were born six children, four of them being now living, viz.: William 
B., Elizabeth B., James, Abbie L. ; Charles C. and Caroline are deceased. Mrs. 
Grover is a native of Monmouth and a member of an old and illustrious family, of 
whom mention is made in this work. Mr. Grover and his family are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church of Red Bank. 



JUDGE JOHN REM'SEN. 

No man in Monmouth county became the idtal citizen, attained the affection ol 
his neighbors or the lasting regard of the Democratic party in a higher degree perhaps 
than Judge John Remsen. The uprightness of his private life, his simple, unassuming 
ways, his keen, analytical mind, and shrewdness as a political manager placed him 
among the eminent men of his locality. 

Judge Remsen was born in New York City in 1819, a son of Abraham and Eliza- 
beth (Palmer) Remsen. The father was an ofificer in the war of the Revolution. The 
family is of Holland Dutch descent and came to .\merica many years prior to the 
memorable struggle for independence. The Judge remained in the place of his nativity 
until reaching middle life, having been engaged in mercantile pursuits, and after 
coming to New Jersey he was engaged for several years as wrecking master along 
the coast of Monmouth county and at the station at Spring Lake. He was subse- 
quently appointed to the responsible position of judge, in which he served for two 
terms, and it is needless to say that he proved an able administrator of the affairs 
of this important office. He was a man of stalwart simplicity and fine discrimination 
between right and wrong, and an accurate reader of human character. 

Judge Remsen was united in marriage with Jane F. Osborn, of Spring Lake, a 
daughter of Captain Forman and Elizabeth (Baile>) Osborn. the history of whom 
is given with that of Abratn Osborn, a brother of Mrs. Remsen. Four children were 
born unto this union, namely: Carrie, the wife of Dr. Abram E. Frantz, of Wil- 
mmgton, Delaware; Bessie R., wife of Gilson S. Humphrey, a retired mercliant of 
Binghamton, New York; Edward W., who married Miss Flora Campbell and lives 
in retirement on his farm at Spring Lake Beach, Monmouth county : and J. Howard, 
who married his cousin. May Osborn. and is a retired farmt-r in Manasquan, Mon- 
mouth county. In political matters the Judge allied his interests with those of the 
Democracy, and was an active and influential worker in the ranks of his party. He 
was always considered an impartial and fair-minded judge, as well as a prosperous 
and influential business man, and when called from the scene of earth's activities, on 
the 17th of November, 1884, the commwnity mourned the loss of one of its truest and 
best citizens. His life was characterized by energy, perseverance and determination, 
and as a man of business and as an honorable Christian gentleman no man had 
a cleaner record or was more highly respected than he. 

The widow of Judge Remsen makes her home at Spring Lake, Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, where she has a beautifiil cottage. 



FREDERICK ELISHA HALL. 

There is scarcely a mure popular man in Belniar. New Jersey, than the subject 
of this sketch. Frederick Elisha Hall, who was born at Farniingdale, New Jersey, on 
July 2, 1872. He is the son of Edwin Louis and Mary .Vnna (Stillwell) Hall. The 




T. Frank Appleby 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 169 

first of tlie family to settle in America was a native of Scotland, wlij located at Farm- 
ingdale, New Jersey, where Britton Hall, the grandfather of our subject, was born. 
Up to the time of Edward Louis Hall, father of subject, the family followed agri- 
cultural pursuits. Edward was born at Farmingdale, where he was reared, and early 
began the mastery of the carpenter's trade. Subsequently he located at Spring Lake, 
New Jersey, where he was a contractor and builder for some years. He is now 
employed as superintendent of the Montana Gold Dredging Company, of Bannock, 
Montana. From 1886 to 1900 he served as the justice of the peace for Wall township, 
and no man could have more faithfully or honestly performed the duties of the office. 
He organized the Spring Lake volunteer fire department, was its first chief, and also 
a member of council of the borough of Spring Lake for several years, which he was 
instrumental in organizing. 

Mr. Hall, our subject, was educated at the public schools of Como. New Jersey, 
and graduated from the high school in 1887. He has been employed for fifteen years 
in various positions on the New York & Long Branch Railroad ; was station agent 
at Como from October, 1896, to May, 1899; he was promoted to the responsible 
position of agent of the New York & Long Branch Railroad at Belmar on June i, 
1899. which he fills most acceptably. He is also agent for the Adams Express Com- 
pany, manager of the Western Union Telegraph Company and member of the firm of 
Dillon & Hall's Express. Mr. Hall takes quite an active interest in political affairs, 
being a member of the Wall township Democratic executive committee for Belmar. 
There is every promise that his career will be a brilliant one, if present indications 
count for anything. He is president of Good Will Hose Company No. i, of Belmar, 
which proves the high esteem in which as a man of ability and intelligent foresight 
he is held. 

Fraternally he is a member of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics 
of Manasquan and of the Tribe of Improved Order of Red Men of Belmar, New 
Jersey. He is a member also of the Methodist Protestant church of North Spring 
Lake, of which he was elected trustee in 1898, and in which capacity lie 'served 
three years. 

Mr. Hall was united in marriage on August 17, 1892, to Miss Carrie Louise Algor; 
their three children are: Mildred Jennie, born March 15, 1894; Anna Lillian, born 
June 5. i8g6 ; and Cora, born in August, 1898. 



T. FR.ANK APPLEBY. 



None of the residents of Asbury Park has labored more industriously to ad- 
vance the interests of the city than he whose name heads this sketch. From the 
time that he reached his majority he has not only been active in business and mu- 
nicipal affairs, but has also been foremost among those to whom the material pros- 
perity of the city is largely due. 

T. Frank .Appleby, son of Theodore F. and Margaret S. (Mount) Appleby, was 
born October 10, 1864. at Old Bridge, Middlesex county, New Jersey. In 1875 the 
family moved to Asbury Park, where the father of our subject, in addition to pur- 
suing his occupation as a merchant, invested in real estate. He built the Appleby 
house on First avenue, north of which streets had not then been laid out. Ho after- 
ward built the Hotel Bristol. 

The lx>yhood days of our subject, until his eleventh year, were passed at Old 
Bridge. He was educated at Pennington Seminary and at Fort Edward Collegiate 



I70 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

Institute, from which he was graduated in 1885. While at the Collegiate Institute 
he was deeply interested in athletics, and wliile at Pennington acted as captain of 
the football team. His summers were parsed at Anbury Park, and during those 
months he was not idle, doing many small things that brought him a few dollars. 

At the age of twenty-one he began his business career by becoming a member 
of the real estate and insurance firm of VVillisford, Dey & Company. He at once 
became active in his line of business, and from the start gave indications of what the 
future would bring. Having unbounded confidence in the increase of the value of 
property along the New Jersey coast, and being willing to back his opinions by 
making investments in property, he found it necessary to sever his connections 
with his partner. Therefore in 1887 he established himself in business without a 
partner, and since then has conducted a large and profitable real estate and insurance 
business. He has bought large amounts of property, and has sold much thereof 
profitably. In 1886 he built the Appleby building, and in 1897 enlarged it by adding 
an additional story. It is the only office building with passenger elevator service in 
the city. He was one of the original company that laid out Allenhurst, aSd asso- 
ciated with Mr. Winsor, he laid out Bradley Park. His business extends up and 
down the coast for many miles and is by no means confined to tlie limits of Asbury 
Park. 

For ten jears he was a member of the board of education, during which time 
he served as president and district clerk, and as chairman of high school building 
committee. He also held membership on the state Ijoard of education for seven 
years, and by his splendid qualifications and activity ma^e hiiufelf prominent in 
school affairs throughout the entire state. 

In 1898 Mr. Appleby was elected to the city council, of which he is now presi- 
dent, and it was chiefly through his efforts that the local water rate was lowered 
from three dollars to one dollar a thousand cubic feet. He was also largely instru- 
mental in changing the methods of conducting the financial affairs of the city and 
succeeded in reducing the interest charges. He is also president of the Wesley En- 
gine Company; a director of both the Asbury Park Building & Loan Association 
and the New Jersey Fire Underwriters Association, a director of the Asbury Park 
& Ocean Grove Bank, and member of the board of directors of the board ot trade. 
He takes an active interest in the doings of the Junior Order United American Me- 
chanics, and is also a member of the local Masonic lodge. Being a foremost real 
estate dealer, he is thoroughly informed on all matters pertaining to improvement, 
and is an acknowledged authority on sucii subject.--. 

A Republican in politics, he is classed as a conservative in local affairs, but 
has not confined his efforts in bcha'f of his party to this vicinity. In 1896 he was 
a delegate to the national Republican :onvention, and stumped the state fcr Presi- 
dent McKinley. He also has been delegate to most of state and county conventions 
since 1896. He was one of the party that accompanied the Piesident on his trip 
from Vice-President Hobart's home to Ocean Grove in 1899. when the auditorium 
at the latter place served as a rostrum for a number of talented speakers. At the 
big political meeting m Asbury Park in July, 1900, Mr. .\ppleby was temporary 
chairman, while Senator Mark Hanna filled that position permanently. 

Mr. Appleby has been chairman for several years of the Joint Carnival Asso- 
ciation, which conducts the carnival held annually on Wesley Lake. He was chair- 
man of the Fourth of July celebration committee in 1900 and 1901. and at the celebra- 
tion in the latter year read the Declaration of Independence. Possessed of a pow- 
erful and magnetic voice, together with natural declamatory al)ility, his delivery of 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 17 » 

the forceful lines of Jefferson was received witli marked interest and attention, and 
received words of praise from Dr. Talmage, who was the orator of the day. 

In iSSg ^.Ir. Appleby married Miss .Mice Hoffman, of Lebanon, Hunterdon 
county, New Jersey. Mr. and Mrs. .\ppleby are the parents of three children, 
Stewart, Harry and Theodore. He is a member and trustee of the First Methodist 
church and is deeply interested therein. 

The career of Mr. i\ppleby as illustrated alx)ve proves most forcibly the power of 
energy and perseverance. He has made himself a success, and although devoted to 
his business, he has ever been willing to give of his time and means to all worthy 
public enterprises. No man has been more zealous in behalf of enterprises organized 
for the advancement of .•\sbury Park or for the well-being of its inhabitants. 



G. G. HO.-\GL.\ND, M. D. 

Dr. G. G. Hoagland, one of the most capable and highly regarded physicians in 
the state, was born on February i6, 1857, at GriggsHown, Somerset county, New Jer- 
sey, a son of John S. and Rachael (Garretson) Hoagland. He is descended from 
Holland Dutch ancestors, from one of four brothers who emigrated to .\merica in 1638. 
Lucas Hoagland. grandfather on the paternal side, was also born at Griggstown, 
and attended the public schools of that place : he then became a farmer in Hillsborough 
township, and spent the remainder of his life there. He was an old-line Whig in his 
political views, and he believed in the doctrines of thi Reformed church. Mr. Hoag- 
land was unted in marriage to Miss Phoebe Staats, and three sons were born to them, 
namely: Christopher and Peter, both deceased; and John S. Hoagland. 

John S. Hoagland, father, also claims Griggstown for his birthplace, where he 
was reared and received his education. Upon the completion of his school days he 
worked for several years with his father on the eld farm, but pos-essirg excellent 
business qualifications and sound judgment, he was often requested to settle the estates 
of deceased farmers in the vicinity. He took an active interest in all municipal affairs, 
and his sympathies were with the Republican party. He filled most acceptably the 
office of justice of the peace for several years, and in the assembly of New Jersey 
he represented Somerset county for three successive terms. He was one of the found- 
ers of the Reformed church at Griggstown, and one of its most consis ent members. 
He married Rachael Garretson. and the following three daughters and two sons have . 
been born of this union: Cynthia, deceased; Phoebe, deceased; John, deceased; 
Dr. G. G. ; and Maggie, deceased. Mr. Hoagland died on June 12, 1870. 

Dr. G. G. Hoagland, son of the abovj named, at. ended the public schools of 
Griggstown. subsequently becoming a student at the Voorhees Institute at Middle- 
bush, New Jersey, from which he was graduate! in 1876. He then served as clerk in 
the drug store of William Ru t, at New Brunswick. New Je: sey, in the meantime 
diligently pursuing a course of reading in medic ne. He afterward entered Jefferson 
Medical College at Philadelphia, in i8-ii. and was graduated in 1884. He began the 
practice of his chosen profession at Franklin Park. New Jersey, and for ten years he 
ministered to an ever increasing and appreciative class of patrons. November I, 1894, 
he removed to Keyport and engaged in the building up of a new practice there, which 
he has successfully accomplished through his ability as a physician and his genial 
and kindly manners. 

Dr. Hoagland does not take an active part in political affairs, but his affiliations 
are with the Republican party. He is a member of Sir Walling Lodge. No. 109, 
Knights of Pythias, Cesarea Lodge. Xo. 64, F. & A. M.. Coronal Council, No. 1456, 



172 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 

Royal Arcanum, and is highly regarded l.iy all his fraternal brethren for his many 
good qualities. 

Dr. Hoagland was joined in marriage to Mary Beekman, daughter of Theodore 
Beekman, of Middlebush, New Jersey, on June g, 1886. Their five children are as 
follows: Marjorie, Kathlene, Gardens, Barbara and Frederick Hoagland. Mrs. 
Hoagland died July 8, 1901. 



REV. JOSEPH NELSON BROWN. 

Joseph Nelson Brown, pastor of the iVIethodist Episcopal congregation worship- 
ing at West Creek, was born in Log Salem, Norfolk county, Ontario, July 23, 1850, 
of pious, industrious Scotch-.'\merican parents. He began his education in Walsing- 
ham, Ontario. In i860 and 1861 he studied at Leon, West Virginia ; in 1862, at Galli- 
polis, Ohio; in 1863-1864, again in Walsinghani. Ontario; from 1865 to 1868, in Hud- 
son, Michigan, and the following year in White Pigeon. In 1871 he was a matricu- 
lant in the Michigan State Normal, at Ypsilanti, where he remained for two and a half 
years; in 1874 and 1875 he pursued collegiate work in Adrian College, Adrian, Michi- 
gan, and from 1876 to 1880 at the Drew Theological Seminary, in Madison, New 
Jersey, from which institution he then graduated. 

.'Vfter his graduation he served as supply preacher on the Methodist charge, at 
Adrian, Michigan, and the following year entered the Methodist itinerancy in the 
Genesee conference, serving as pastor in the following churches in New York state : 
Lindley, six months as supply ; thence as a member of the conference he was stationed 
at Hartsville in 1881 ; North and East Gainesville, in 1882: West Sparta, in 1883; 
Machias, in 1884; Centerville and Eagle, in 1885 and 1886; and Short Tract, in 1887. 
The following year he was transferred to the Newark conference and stationed at 
East Millstone, New Jersey; in i88p and 1890, at Coolbaugh, Pennsylvania; in 1891 
and 189Z, at Mount Freedom, New Jersey: at Broadway, New Jersey, in 1893 and 
1894; and at South Centerville, New York, in 1895 and 1896. In 1897 he w^s 
transferred to the New Jersey conference and stationed at Windsor, where he 
remained for two years; in 1899 and igoo. at Crosswicks; and in looi at Hamilton, 
where the membership numbers about one hundred. It. is the only religious organiza'^ 
tion in the village and one of the oldest of its denomination in the county of Mon- 
mouth, its history extending back to the beginning of the nineteenth century. In its 
early days its services were held in school houses, after the manner of the times, 
and in 1836 its first house of worship was erected by Jonathan Yonians, a member 
of the board of trusitees. and was known as Yoman's Chapel. The present house of 
worship has been standing twelve years and is one of the most s'ghtly rural public 
edifices along the Jersey coast. 

Pastor Brown considers West Creek, to which he was appointed in March, 1902, 
the most promising field of lalxir he has yet served. With his well-to-do, well in- 
clined, genial, appreciative, industrious, talented band of co-workers, inspired by many 
inviting open doors of opportun'ty and urged on by convictions that now is tl:e time 
to act, most welcome victories are brightening the church's hor'zon all around. 



GEORGE T, COMINGS. 

George T. Comings, a veteran soldier of the great Civil war. was born at Peters- 
burg. Morris county. New Jersey, May 23. 1841. a son of Gilman T. and Rhoda 
( Worthington) Comings. 

Gilman T. Coming-;, the fiilher. wa; born in New Hampshire, where he acquired 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 173 

his education in the common schjols. He turned his at;cnt on to the trade of mill- 
wright; he subsequently purchased a farm and mill, which he successfully managed 
for sixteen years, when he sold his property and took up his residence on a farm 
which he bought in Middlesex county, New Jersey. He resided there and cultivated 
his farm until his death, which occurred in 1876. In early life Mr. Comings yielded 
his allegiance to the Democratic party, but later became a Republican. He married 
Rhoda Worthington, and six children were born to them, namely: George, deceased; 
Elvira, wife of Henry La Forge; George T. : Jeanelte and Martin L., both of whom 
are deceased; Daniel G. Comings. Mrs. Comings d'ed in 18S2. 

George T., son of Gilman T. Comings, was born and his early life was spent on 
his father's farm. He secured h!s education in the public schools of his native town; 
he then worked upon the farm until the breaking out of the Civil war, when he 
enlisted in the renowned Fourteenth Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, and partici- 
pated in the campaigns projected for the capture of Richmond, taking p:.rt in many 
of the desperate battles fought in Virginia, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, 
Cold Harbor and various others. Mr, 'Comings served throughout the e itire war, 
and at its close he was honorably discharged and returned to peaceful pursuits. He 
resided for three years on the farm, and then located in Woodbridge, where he re- 
mained until 1872. He followed farming in Kansas for three and a half years, when 
he again returned to the old homestead and farm life. In 1885 he settled in Perth 
Amboy and engaged in a livery business, building up a large and lucrative trade 
through his popularity and fair, honest dealings. In his politics Mr. Comings was 
a Republican, and also an energetic member of the G. A. R. post of Perth Amboy. 

His marriage to Miss Sarah Cory took place in March, 1867. and eigh children 
have been born to them, namely: Virgil C, deceased; Ella C. ; Worthington 'G.; 
Robert M. ; Frank C. ; G. Raymond; Harry E. ; and Walter W. Com ngs. 

Mr. Coming's deith occurred February 12, 19:1, at the time of which he was 
engaged in the insurance business and was also a member of the board of chosen 
freeholders of the county of Middlesex. 



ARTHUR WOOD BOSTWICK. 

The expression "the dgnity of labor" is exemplified in the life record of this 
gentleman, who attributes his success to earnest work and close application. He is 
a man of strong force of character, purposeful and encgetic, and his keen discrimi- 
nation and sound judgment are shown in his capable management of one of the most 
important industries of South .•Xmboy, being agent at that place for the Westmoreland 
Coal Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Bostwick is a native of the Empire state, born at Sandy Hill, New York, on 
the loth of February, 184Q, and a son of Rev. S. B. Bostwick. now deceased, who 
was pastor of the Episcopal church at that place for thirty-one years. Our subject's 
brother, E. B. Bostwick, is now principal of one of the public schools of South Amboy, 
New Jersey, and is a man of much experience as an educator, having [ireviously 
taught in some of the best private schools in New York and Massachusetts; he was 
a private tutor for several years, having traveled abroad as such for some time. 

Our subject had good educational advantages during his youth and attended 
school at Sandy Hill, New York, and later the Fort Edwards Collegiate Instiitute and 
the Glen Falls Academy. He began his business career as an employe in paper mills 



174 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

of New York state, but about thirty years ago came to South Amboy, Niew Jersey, 
and entered the employ of R. H. Rathbun, who was then agent at this place for the 
New York coal shippers, remaining with him some time. Having become thoroughly 
familiar with the business, he then began dealing in coal on his own account, and at 
length accepted a position with the Westmoreland Coal Company of Philadelphia, 
•with which he has now been connected for atout fifteen years, and is their present 
agent at South Amboy; he has charge of all tlieir shipments, which are extensive, 
this being the largest coal shipping point on the .'\tiantic coast. In one year the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company has shipped as high as three miiroii tons of coal 
from this place alone; the Westmoreland Coal Company is one of the large.-t com- 
panies shipping through their wharves, and much of the success of the business is 
due to the untiring, energetic efforts of Mr. Bostwick, who is a very wide-awake and 
progressive business man. 

In his political views he is a pronounced Republican and has taken quite a promi- 
nent and influential part in local politics. Fraternally he is connected with St. 
Stephen's Lodge, No. 63, A. F. & A. M., of which he is past master, and he is also 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, the 
Improved Order of Red Men, the American Mechanics, and the Knights of the Golden 
Eagle, having held the highest office in all but two of these. He is also a member 
of the Episcopal church, and takes quite an active part in church and Sunday-school 
work. 



BENJAMIN D. DAVISON. 

Among the representative citizens of Jamesburg. New Jersey, i^ Benjamin D. 
Davison, who is a prominent lumber, coal and furniture dealer of that city. He was 
born June 28. 1847, and is the son of Abraham Snydain and Ursula (Voorhees) Da- 
vison. The Davison family is of Scotch ancestry, and were among the earliest settlers 
of that section of Middlesex county, then called South Amboy township, but now 
included in Monroe, Cranbury and part of East Brunswick township. 

William Davison, the grandfather of our subject, was born in South Amboy 
township, where he spent his entire life, engaging in farming. He married Sarah 
Doughty, by whom he had four children: Nancy, who married Cornelius Mount; 
Margaret, who married Davison Applegate; Rebbecca, the wife of John .■\pi)l<:gate ; 
Abraham Snydam, the father of our subject. Abraham S. Davison was born in James- 
burg, New Jersey, and engaged in farming in Middlesex county, where he resided 
throughout his entire life. Unto him and his wife were born six children: Peter V.; 
Benjamin D. ; Sarah Virginia, the wife of Asa Applegate; Isaac Snydam, who mar- 
ried first Louisa Marsh and for his second and present wife Elizabeth Scarlet; Will- 
iam H., who married Lauretta Davison ; and Annie M., wife of Robert D. Whitlock. 
The eldest son, Peter V., born October 26, 1845, received his education in the public 
schools and has been engaged in agricultural pursuits throughout his life, and has 
held the office of township commissioner. He has never married. 

Benjamin D. Davison, the subject of this review, was educated in the common 
schools, and upon leaving his studies at the age of fourteen years accepted the posi- 
tion of clerk in a store. In 1878 he engaged in business as a partner with Joseph C. 
Magee. This partnership was dissolved in 1892, and Mr. Davison has since carried 
on the business alone. " " 

In April, 1878, Mr. Davison was "joiiud in wedlock to Miss Eudora Worts, a 



HISTORY OF THE NEW" JERSEY COAST. 175 

daughter of Charles S. and Mary E. (\an Pel.) Worts. This union has b.en blessed 
with two children — Mary Elizabeth and Roscoe Glenn. Mr, Davison is a member of 
Daphne Couneil. No. I3fi6, R. A. He is well known throughout the community 
as a successful business man and consistent Christian, upright in all his dealings, 
devoted to his family, and at all times he enjoys the confidence of his ma.iy friends. 
The family are members of the Presbyterian church, Mr. Davison having filled the 
offices of trustee and treasurer. He is a most worthy citizen, deeply interested in the 
welfare of the community, and is honoied and respected by all who know him. 



THOM.VS N.\SH .AVERY. 

The history of a country is no longer a record of wars and conquests, but is 
the account of industrial and commercial development, leading to the upbuilding 
and progress of various sections, the united forces of which form the prosperity 
of the nation. Along the Jersey coast are many important industries and among 
these is numbered that conducted and owned by the Cliffwood Brick Company, of 
wHiich Thomas N. Avery is the president. Entering upon his business career in a 
very htmible capacity, he has steadily worked his way upward and with marked 
ability has extended the enterprise which has contributed not alone to the individual 
success of the stockholders, but has in large measure increased the material pros- 
perity of this locality. 

Mr. Avery was born at Highland Falls, Orange county-, New York, January i, 
1837, his parents being King and Hannah (McClellan) Avery. His maternal grand- 
father. Hugh McClellan, was one of the Revolutionary patriots, who aided in driving 
the British soldiers from the land and making this a free and independent nation, 
which now takes its place among the great powers of the world. Hugih McClellan, 
among other things, rendered significant service by stretching the chains across the 
Hudson river from West Point to Constitution Island, thereby preventing the passage 
of the vessels of the British up the river ; and it is traditionary in the family that he 
it was who carried General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, who was wounded, to a place 
of safety at Stony Point. King .'\very, the father of our subject, was a loyal soldier 
in the war of 1812, and liis discharge, bearing the date of February 25, 1819, is in 
the possession of his grandson, James D. Avery. 

In the common schools of his home district Thomas N. Avery pursued his edu- 
cation, and in early life,— following his inclinations, which seemed to tend in that 
direction — he learned the carpenter's trade, at which he worked for some time. In 
1877 he became interested in the manufacture of brick on the Hudson river, which 
he has continued subsequently in New Jersey with almost phenomenal success. The 
excellent clay beds found at many places along the Jersey coast offer splendid oppor- 
tunities for brick manufacture, and the industry has become a very important one. 
Mr. Avery purchased a plant owned by Watson Stillwagon, which was then turning 
out three million brick annually. Under the skillful management of Mr. Avery the 
output has been increased almost fifteen fold. The increased business is due to two 
causes, the excellence of the product sent out and the reliability of, the company, 
whose business integrity is never questioned and whose word is as good as any bond 
that was ever characterized by signature or seal. Of Mr. Avery, the president, it 
might be said, as it was of Goldsmith's village preacher, that "e'en his failings leaned 
to virtue's side." His honesty is proverbial, and he has never been known to over- 
reach any one even in the smallest business transaction. 



1/6 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

In 1857 Mr. Avery was united in marriage to IMiss Eliza Carroll, and their 
home was blessed with six children : Catherine, who married Charles Carman, sec- 
retary of the Clifford Brick Company; James D. ; George, who is now deceased; 
Grace, the wife of Frank M. Dain, of Peekskill, New York; Thomas, who also has 
passed away ; and Elizabeth, the wife of Dr. H. S. Cooley, of Perth Amboy. Mr. 
Avery and his family attend the services of the Methodist Episcopal church, of 
which he has long been a faithful member, and for a number of years he has served 
as trustee. He 'has never been prominent in political circles, preferring to devote 
his entire attention to his business interests, in which he has met with very gratify- 
ing success. His enterprise and determination have enabled him to overcome all 
obstacles and difficulties, and his transactions have ever been conducted according 
to the strictest commercial ethics. His example is certainly well worthy of emula- 
tion, and all who know him entertain for him the highest regard. 



CORNELIUS OSBORN. 



.\mong the prominent business men of Monmouth county who liave attained suc- 
cess and are counted among the most worthy and honored citizens, may be mentioned 
Cornelius Osborn. No name stands more properly placed in the history of the county 
than his, for he is not only one of its progressive business men, but is of such a social, 
genial nature that he has made many friends. 

IMr. Os'xjrn was born on the old home farm at Spring Lake, on the 29th of Jan- 
uary, 1843, a son of Forman Osborn, mention of whom is made in the sketch of his 
brother, Abram Osborn. Our subject received the educational advantages afforded by 
the common schools of his neighborhood, and after laying aside his text-books to 
engage in the active battle of life, he chose as his occupation the quiet pursuits of the 
farm. He now owns about fifty acres of the finest land to be found in Monmouth 
county, which was formerly the property of his father, and in its cultivation his efforts 
have been attended with a high and gratifying degree of success. He is energetic, 
honorable, and cordial, and all who know him esteem him for his sterling worth. In 
political matters he exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and measures 
of the Democracy, but he has never taken an active interest in public affairs, although 
he has ever Leen a loyal and public-spirited citizen. 



THEODORE BAU..EY QUACKENBOSS. 

The business of burying the dead has been developed into a profession, practically 
speaking, which commands the enterprise and abilities of many first class men. The 
successful undertaker must be first of all a gentleman, and beyond that he must be a 
man of tact and resource. Such a man is Theodore Bailey Quackenboss. the leading 
funeral director of South Ambcy, Middlesex county, New Jersey, who conducts a large 
undertaking business after the most modern and approved methods, with all oppor- 
tunities known to the profession. 

Theodore Bailey Quackenboss is a son of James and Caroline Quackenboss, and 
was born at Princeton,- New Jersey, July 23, 1856. He was educated in the public 
schools of New Brunswick, New Jersey, and after leaving school, was for three years 
engaged in the coal trade, then spent four years as supririntendent of letter carriers in 
the New Brunswick postoffice. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 177 

Afier that Mr. Qr.ackenboss engiageJ in the undertaking business in association 
with his brotlier William at New Brunswick, and March 14, 1901, he purchased the 
undertaking business of the late Edwin Applegate, of South Aniboy. He is a member 
of the Relief Council, No. 40, Order of United American Mechanics, of New Brunswick; 
oi Joel Parker council. No. 6q, Junior Order United American Mechanics of South 
Amboy; of Washinglor. Comaiandery, No. I, of New Brunswick; and of Washing- 
ton Engine Company, No. I, of New Brunswick. 

July 6. 1899, Mr. Quackenboss married Emma, daughter of Lewis D. W^ood, and 
iias a daughter named Elizabeth Annie, and a son, Theodore Quackenboss, Jr. He 
is a progressive man, who has a happy faculty of making and retaining friends, 
and his personal popularity commands for him a very satisfactory patronage at South 
Amboy, where he has in more than one way demonstrated a very commendable public 
spirit. In addition to conductmg his undertaking business, he is proprietor of the 
street sprinkling enterprise in his village. 



THOMAS ALSOP, M. D. 

One of the prominent nicir.bcrs of the medical fraternity now in the successful 
practice of his profession in New Brunswick, New Jersey, located at 422 George street, 
i? Dr. Thomas AIsop, who was born in the city of Richmond, Virginia, on October 
14, 1872. 

The early education of Br. .\lsop was acquired in private schools in his native 
city, and he later graduated at the Virginia Military Institute, in Virginia. At a still 
later period he entered the University of Virginia, where he studied medicine, and 
there he also graduated with honor m 1895. Two years were then spent at the City 
Hospital, New York City, and there he graduated in 1897, having carefully studied 
both general and special cases, and becoming thoroughly instructed in every branch. 

With this thorough preparation Dr. Alsop soon succeeded in gaining the con- 
fidence of tlie citiztns of New Brunswick, where he located for practice :.nd where 
he has continued ever since. 

Dr. .Msop is a member of the ISIiddlesex County Medical society, the Kappa 
Alpha fraternity, and a visiting physician and surgeon of the John Wells' ]Me- 
morial hospital of Neiw Brunswick. 



REV. STEPHEN SZYMANOWSKI, 

The important Roman Catholic church of St. Stephen's, in the city of Perth 
.Amboy, whose congregation is composed of natives of Poland, a frugal and industr-.ous 
class of tradesmen and wage earners, and of their children, owes its organizatio:i to 
the effort of one of Iheir own nationality, the Rev. Father Stephen Korwin Szynn- 
nowski, who has been their beloved priest and friend from its beginning to the present 
time. 

Father Szymanowski was born March 10, 1854, in the city of Kutais, once the cap- 
ital of Imerethia, but now the chief city of a Russian province in the Caucasus. His 
parents were John and Salomea (MesarkofT) Szymanowski. The father, a native of 
the city of Warsaw, was an officer in the Polish army, and was one of the patriotic 
band which engaged in the glorious but disastrous insurrection of 1831. For this he 
vas exiled by the Russ'an governme.vt to the Caucasus. His expatriation was for life, 
yet his condition was not altogether miserable, his high character, intelligence, and 
12 



178 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

former position enabling him to enter into friendly relations with many excellent fam- 
ilies in the city of K;ita:s. 

The son, Stephen, was pk;ced in the parochial schools of the city to which his 
lather had been banished, and in which he himself had his birth. Of studious dis- 
position, his advancement was rapid, an.d when nine years of age he entered the 
Aleksandrowkaya, a govermental collegiate institution in Kerch Enikale. He subse- 
quently entered upon a course of study in theology under private instruction, and after- 
ward alteiuiec' the Schaol of Theology cf Adrianopolis. September 14. 1876. when 
somewhat more than twenty-two years of age, he was ordained to the priesthood, and 
was sent by the Patriarch of Babylon to the charge nf the mission among the Nestor- 
;ans. After four years of useful labor in this field, he returned to his native land and 
v,-as appointee, to a rectorate in the ,-ily of Stawropoli, where he remained for about 
seven y«ars. In 1887 he made a tour of Greece, Italy and France, which occupied about a 
year, during v<hich time his observant and studious habits enabled hmi to acquire a 
fund of knowledge which was soon to serve him to a useful purpose. His attention 
meantime had been directed to the United States, and realizing the necessities of 
his countrymen in that far-off land, he determined to seek it and endeavor to minis- 
ter to their wants. Accordingly. September 26, 1888, he left Paris, sailing by way of 
Liverpool, England, and arrived in New York on October 6. He at once proceeded 
to Buffalo, and his credentials so commanded the respect of the Right Reverend \'in- 
rent Stephen Ryan, that he was appointed to the position of assistant to St. Stanis- 
laus church in that city. His service in this position was so acceptable that in little 
inore than a year, on February i, 1890, he was appointed by the Right Reverend 
William O'Hara, Bishop of Scranton, to the rectorate of St. Mary's church in 
Plymouth, Pennsylvania, and the following year he was appointed rector of a more 
important parish at Camden. New Jersey. 

His translation to Camden almost immediately introduced him into a field of 
great usefulness, and eventually brought him to his present station. At Camden 
he found quite a number of his countrymen who. without knowledge of the English 
language, were necessarily deprived of the spiritual teaching which they craved, for want 
of a priest speaking their own tongue. In their interest he contemplated the for- 
mation of a Polish congregation, but at this moment more urgent necessities of a 
similar character turned his attention to Perth Amboy. A committee of Polish 
Catholics of that city had waited upon the Right Reverend O'Farrell. bishop of 
the diocese, urging the great needs of their people, and he delegated Father Szyman- 
ovvski to visit the place and investigate the conditions. 

April 26, 1892, Father Szymanowski began a three days' mission in St. Maf>''s 
church, Perth Amboy. During this time he ascertained that there were so many 
as one hundred and thirty-five Polish Catholic families in that parish, and he deter- 
mined upon the establishment of a church which should be their real spiritual home. 
He secured the use of Schiller's Hall, in which he arranged a temporary chapfl. and 
therein he celebrated mass on May 8. 1S02. and thereafter until a church edifice was 
provided. Witliin a short time he purchased a lot on State street, and on October 
16. 1892, the erection of a plain but substantial and comfortable building was begun. 
Work was expedited as rapidly as possible, and February 5. 1893, less than a year 
after the coming of Father Szymanowski. he celebrated mass in the new, although as 
yet uncompleted, building, in the presence of a deeply affected and grateful congre- 
gation. May 30, of the same year. Bishop O'Farrell officiated at the dedicatory 
services, which were attended by many priests and members of other parishes. 

Early in the same year the residence of Mrs. Alfred H;ill, adjoinng the church 
edifice, was purchased at an outlay of six thousand five hundred dollars for use as 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 179 

a rectory, and it was occupied May i. In October following Father Szymanowski 
formed a parochial school with about 45 pupils. At the present time St. Stephen's 
Parish numbers some three hundred and sixty-five families, and a congreg.Uion of 
over two thousand souls. At the same time, the school has been largely mcrtased 
in numbers. 

Father Szymanowski took a deep interest in the upbuilding of the new public 
library, and Mayor Compton solicited him to become one of the seven trustees of 
that institution, and it was largely through his effort that Mr. Carnegie's munificent 
donation of $20,000 was secured for it. He is also one of the board of managers 
of the Perth Amboy Savings Institution, appointed to the posit'on by Mr. Thomas 
K. Johnston, of the department of state banking, in full knowledge and appreciation 
of his great influence and ability to add to its prestige. 

The record of these great accomplishments would be incoir.plete without sug- 
gestion of the fact they were only possible through the most unremitting labor on 
the part of the devoted priest whose effort is here feebly narrated, and through the 
piety and devotion of a congregation holding him in the most affectionate regard. 
Deeply beloved bj- them, he is also held in honor in the community at large for the 
useful part he has taken in contributing to the welfare of a large and well-deservi.'ng 
element of its people, and to the beautifying of the c!ty. Notwithstanding his long 
and useful service. Father Szymanowski is yet in but middle life, with mental and 
physical powers unimpaired, and gives promise of many more years of earnest and in- 
telligent effort in behalf of the people to whom he is so deeply attached. 



JOXATHAX EDGAR BROWX. 

The sons of Scotland have ever been noted for their loyalty to the duties of 
citizenship, their devotion to principle and their industry and perseverance in busi- 
ness affairs. These traits have through succeeding generations down to cur subject 
been manifest in the members of the Brown family, since George Brown, a native of 
Scotland, left the land of hills and heather and established his home in the new world. 
He settled in. Woodbridge township, Middlesex county. New Jersey, and became 
identified with its farming interests. He also aided in promoting its reUgious activity 
and was one of the trustees of the first Presbyterian church organized in Wood- 
bridge. His son, John Brown, and grandson, Thomas C. Brown, like the progenitor 
of the family in the new world, devoted their energies to farming. The latter was 
the father of William H. Brown, who was the father of the subject of this review, 
and was born on the old family homestead in Woodbridge township, February 9, 
1823. He acquired his education in the schools of that period and has made the pur- 
suit to which he was reared his life work, being accounted one of the enterprising and 
progressive agriculturists of his community. In politic; he is a Republic: n. having 
given an unwavering support to the principles of the parly for many year.-:, and of the 
township committee he has served as a member. For almost a half century 
he has been an elder in the First Presbyterian church of Woodbridge. with which his 
ancestor. George Brown, was so prominently connected. 

On the 24th of October, 1855. Mr. Brown was united in marriage to- Miss Susan 
Edgar, a most estimable lady, and their home was blessed with five children, of whom 
three are now living: Jonathan Edgar. Frederick Clark and Lilian. The elder 
daughter, Caroline, has passed away, also William H. The mother also passed away 
on November 25, 189J, dying in the faith of the Presbyterian church, in which she 
held membership. 

Jonathan Edgar Brown, the eldest of his father's family, was born on the old 



1 80 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

family homestead in Woodbridge township, August 9, 1858, and in the public and 
private schools he acquired the education which fitted him for life's responsible duties. 
He worked in the fields in early youth, and since attaining his majority he has con- 
tinued to follow farming, whereby he annually gains a good income as the resuh of 
his care and diligence in cultivating his fields. 

On the 30th of November, 1881, Mr. Brown was joined in wedlock to Miss Nettie 
E. Walker, a daughter of Sidney Walker, of Rocky Hill, New Jersey, and they now 
have two children, a daughter and son: Edna Jane, born April 23, 1883, and Percy 
Edgar, born October 9, 1885. The family attend the Presbyterian church, of which 
Mr. Brown is a trustee. Socially he is connected with the Royal Arcanum and politi- 
cally with the Republican party, warmly endorsing its principles. He keeps well 
informed on the issues of the day. so that he is able to support his position with 
intelligent argument. He is a pleasant and agreeable gentleman and a worthy rep- 
resentative of one of the oldest families in th« tciwnship. , 



MICHAEL HENRY PARKER. 

"What's in a name?" Well, where it is an old and honored one, there is much 
to make a man proud that bears it. Mr, Michael H. Parker takes great pride in trac- 
ing his ancestry back to as early a period as 1667, when two brothers, Peter and George 
Parker, emigrated to this country from England, preferring life here in the unknown 
western world rather than to live under the tyrannical rule of a despotic sovereignty. 

Peter Parker, of whose branch of the family this chronicle treats, settled in 
New Jersey. In due course a son, William, was born to him, who in turn had a son, 
also named William. The last mentioned William's ^wife's name was Ann. It was 
this William ■who built the house now occupied by his direct line descendant, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, Michael H. Michael, the son of William and grandfather of 
Michael H., was born at Little Silver on the old homestead on the 5th of February, 
1774. His wife Ann, also a native of the same place, was born in 1778. Jacob C. 
Parker, the father of our subject, and his wife, Julia A. (Morford) Parker, are also 
natives of Monmouth county, the former having been born at Little Silver, Novem- 
ber 17, 1816, the latter in Red Bank on May 0. i8ig. Jacob C. Parker was a highly 
successful cultivator of the soil ; a mercantile life appealing to his fancy, however, he 
lost no time in establishing a store in the little village of Little Silver, being the 
first to start a business venture of that kind in the place. Success marked the 
enterprise from the beginning, and he continued to carry it on up to 1853. He was a 
man who stood high in the estimation of the community in which he lived and held 
the good opinion of his fellow citizens, which fact manifested itself substantially on 
several occasions, when he was urged to accept public office. He was no office seeker, 
however, and ever maintained his position as a private citizen. His death occurred 
in 1855; his wife still survives him (1901). Their family consisted of four children, 
two of whom are living, namely: Mrs. Theo. Sickles and Michael H. 

The fact that the land upon which the Methodist Episcopal church of Little 
Silver (the oldest church in this section) is erected, was presented to the church by 
Michael, the grandfather of Michael H.. is one in which there is pardonable family 
pride. 

Michael H. Parker is a man entirely worthy of the ancestry to whom he looks 
back with so much pleasure as men of exemplary character. He first saw the light 
of day in the old homestead, where he was born on October 25, 1852, and where he 



. ' i iw iiwi in).: I i i iniii ]»i> i 



-f' 




SAMUEL J. BENNETT. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. i8i 

was reared, educated, and lias since passed an luieventfiil life, engaged f)rincipally 
in attending to his well cultivated fields. He is a man of practical ihouglit, and 
one in whom his neighbors have implicit confidence, and hold in the highest esteem. 

He was married o.i Xovember 30, 1S84, to Susan E., daughter of Louis and Ange- 
line Smitli, cf Oceanport, New Jersey. Their children arc: Louis K., October 6, 
1885; Henry C, December 13, 1886; Frank L., June 30, 1888; Helma (deceased), 
April 6, 1892; George D., February 20, 1S94; Stanley, April 26, 1895, and Julia, Oc- 
tober 26, iSpg. 

Mr. Parker and family attend the Episcopal church, of which he is vestryman. 
He is a trustee of St. John's Chapel, and is also a member of the Jr. O. U. A. M. 



SAMUEL JAQUETT BENNETT. 

A veritable landmark at Tinton Falls, Monmo-uth county. New Jersey, is that 
represented in the Tinton Falls flouring mill, one of the oldest enterprises of its 
kind in this section of the state and one which, with its modern equipment, has a 
capacity for the output of fifty barrels of flour per day, while it has the best facilities 
for the grinding of all kinds of grain. The mill was formerly owned and operated 
by the firm of Hendrickson & Combs, and subsequently the senior member of the 
firm assumed full control, while the enterprise has been under the management of 
its present proprietor, the subject of this review, since 1891. As thus identified with 
the industrial activities of his native county and as one of its representative citizens 
it is signally consonant that we here incorporate a brief review of the career of 
this worthy representative of one of the old and honored families of the state. 

Samuel Jaquett Bennett was born in Atlantic township, Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, on the 15th of December, 1849, being the second son of Sidney and Ann 
(Wainwright) Bennett, there having been three sons and three daughters in the 
family, of whom five attained years of maturity and are living at the present time. 
Sidney Bennett was likewise a native of Monmouth county, and in his earlier years 
he followed the carpenter's trade, but eventually turned his attention to agricultural 
pursuits, in this county, and in this connection his efforts were attended with grati- 
fying success. He was one of the prominent and influential citizens of his county, 
where he was made the incumbent of various township offices of trust and respon- 
sibility, while he was a stanch advocate of the principles of the Democratic party 
as exemplified by Jefiferson and Jackson. He was a man of sterling character and 
ever retained the unqualified confidence and esteem of all who knew him. His death 
occurred in the year 1S94 and his widow still survives, residing on the old home- 
stead and being a woman of noble and gracious character, one who is loved and 
venerated by a wide circle of friends. 

Samuel J. Bennett was reared to the sturdy discipline of the farm, and he con- 
tinued to be identified with agriculture until he had attained the age of twenty-four 
years, though during the last decade of the period noted he gave his attention to 
carpenter work during the winter seasons, having served a thorough apprenticeship 
in this line. In 1872 Mr. Bennett left the homestead and took charge of a farm 
of one hundred and eighty-five acres on Shelter Island, New York, where he re- 
mained until the following year. He had received an excellent ctmunon-school 
education, and had developed that self-reiance and maturity of judgment which led 
him to undertake the exploitation of an essentially different line of enterprise, and 
in 1873 he opened a general store at Tinton Falls, in his native cotmty, his stock 



182 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

including groceries, dry goods and hardware. Two years later his elder brother, 
John W., was admitted to partnership, and thereafter the enterprise was successfully 
conducted under the firm name of Bennett Brothers, this association continuing 
until i8gi, when our subject disposed of his interests in the business and purchased 
the flouring and grist mill in Tinton Falls, the business of which he has increased 
very materially, making the enterprise one of the important industries of this sec- 
tion. Within 'his regime the mill has been completely remodeled, entirely new 
machinery, of the most modern and approved type, being installed, and by his correct 
business methods, progressive policy and marked executive ability Mr. Bennett has 
made of the venture a success of no indefinite order, the mill now handling more 
corn than any other in the county, while its products in the line of high-grade flour 
find a ready demand on the market, being recognized for superior excellence. The 
mill draws its trade throughout Shrewsbury and several adjacent townships, and 
Mr. Bennett is now the most extensive shipper of corn products in the county, while 
his position is assured as one of the influential business men and honored citizens 
of the community. He enjoys marked personal popularity and in many ways has 
demonstrated his public spirit. In politics he gives his allegiance to the Democratic 
party, and fraternally he is a prominent member of the local organization of the 
Improved Order of Red Men, in which he has been incumbent of several of the 
important offices. 

On the 15th of October. 1874, Mr. Bennett was united in marriage to Miss Susan 
Roberts, the third daughter of William L. and Susan Roberts, of Matawan, New 
Jersey, and of this union two children have been born, — Reginald S. and Cora E. 
To the son has been accorded the best of educational advantages and he has duly 
profited by and appreciated the same. He was graduated in the high school at Red 
Bank and later in the Glenwood Institute, while he subsequently passed a year as a 
student in Rutgers College, in New Brunswick. Having determined to prepare him- 
self for the medical profession, he was then matriculated in the medical department 
of the Columbia University, in the city of New York, where he was graduated as a 
member of the class of 1899, and since that time he has been actively and success- 
fully engaged in the practice of his profession in .A.sbury Park, being a young man 
of sterling character and marked professional skill. The daughter of our subject 
took a thorough preparatory course of study at Red Bank, under the discriminating 
direction of the Misses Calahan and Chamberlain, and she is now prosecuting her 
studies in Vassar College, at Poughkeepsie, New York, being a member of the class 
of 1906. 



JOHN H. FIELDER. 



By becoming masters of a trade, so many men have not only won for themselves 
the respect of their fellow men, but success of a pecuniary nature has almost invariably 
crowned their efforts. 

Mr. John H. Fielder is one who, through his perfect understanding of his trade 
of carriage building, has gained such renown in his section for first class workman- 
ship, that his services are in great demand by New York's capitalists, many of whom 
make their homes in Monmouth cotnity throirgh the year. 

His place of business is located at Fair Haven, New Jersey, where he occupies a 
two-story building covering an area of 90 x 30 feet. In 1871 he succeeded John 
Vanderveer, who formerly owned the business, started in a small shqp erected some 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 183 

time in tlic fifties: Mr. Fielder lias added sucli iinprovemcnts from time to time as 
have made the place an itp-to-date carriage factory. He gives employment to five 
experienced mechanics, and sees that nothing hut the best class of work is turned out. 
It is his conscientious adherence to honest principles that has made his iwpularity; 
and then again his reputation as a thorough master of his trade gives his patrons a 
confidence that they never find misplaced. 

Mr. Fielder is a native of MtMimoiitli county. New Jersey, where his birth oc- 
curred in 1851. His pareiits arc John and F. Phoebe (Van Note) Fielder. H« received 
his education in the common schools of Mormouth county, which amply fitted him 
for his vocation in life. 

Mr. Fielder was united in 'marriage to Miss Etta L., daughter of Joel 
W. and Mary Ayres. iTheir union lias been blessed with three children, namely : 
Stanley J., Eunice W. and Addie. Mrs. Fielder is a native of New York state. 

Socially Mr. Fielder enjoys the love and esteem of those with whom he mingles. 
He is activel} connected with the following fraternal organizations: I. O. O. F., 
No. 39, Navesink iLodge : Royal Arcanum. Grand Patriarchs and the Jr. O. U. A. 
M. Politically he is a stanch adherent of the Republican party. 



JOHN DAVISON. 



We now come to a consideration of the peculiarities and principal points in the 
life of one of Monniou;h co'inty's most illustrious citizens, — one prominent on account 
cf his fine family connections, his success in business, and his honorable principles 
in all of life's activities. A native of this county, born in Wall township, he has passed 
his entire life here, and is therefore well known to his neighbors, and during all 
of this time he has steadily maintained his high character. 

Mr. Daviscn vas born on Shark ri'-er. near where he now resides, on the 5th 
of April, iS3.V- and is a son of Peter and Elizabeth (Jackson) Davison. The father, 
who was born in Englifhtown, New Jcsey, came to Wall township wIk'U three 
years of age. where he became a successful farmer and a representative citizen. He 
held the office of justice of the peace for many years, and was an active member 
and a deacon in the Baptist church. He was a son of John Davison, who was a 
large land cv.nor. having at one time about one thousand acres in VVall township, 
which he afterward sold to James P. Allaire, and then purchased land at Shark river. 
He was an influential and respected citizen in his locality. His father was a native 
born Scotchman, having come to America prior to the Revolutionary w'ar, and i:i 
that struggle for independence his son John was a brave and gallant soldier. 

John Davison, the immediate subtect of this sketch, received his educational ad- 
vantages in the common schools ot his locality, and after putting aside his text- 
books to engage in the active battle of life on his own account, he chose the vocation 
of farming. He later also learned the mason's trade, and for twenty years followed 
that occupation as a journeyman and as a contractor, many of the fine buildings of 
Now York City standing as monuments to his thrift and ability. He acted as super- 
intendent in the building of the Presbyterian Hospital, the Old Ladies Home and 
Lenox Library of that city, and in the rebuilding of the Orphans' Home. In 1880 he 
turned his attention exclusively to agricultural pursuits, locating on the fine farm 
which lie yet owns and which he had pre'iously purchased. He and his wife now 
own over six hundred acres of the finest land to be found in Monmouth county. 
Mr. Davison is also a director of the F'rst National Bank of Relmar. 

On the 18th of May, l8.-8. he was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth White, 
who was bor.i October 13, 1834, a daughter of Peter White, of Belmar, whose history 



iS4 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

will be foiir.d in that of D. F. Van Nortwick in this volume. Mr. and Mrs. Davison 
have had a family of four children, one of whom is deceased, and those living are: 
John F., a physician of Asbury Park : Robert W.. who is engaged in farming on th'j 
old homestead; and Fred M., a clerk in the First National Bank of Belmar. Our 
subject and his w-ife are members of the Baptist church at Manasquan, of wdiieh 
he is a liberal supporter and a deacon. Wherever known, he is held in high regard, 
and in Monmouth county, (where his entire iil'e has been passcu, ho has a host of 
V arm friends. 



GEORGE TURNER. 



George Turner is well fitted for the occupation which has received his attention 
up to the present time, that of plumber, steam and gas fitter. He was born in Brooklyn, 
New York. J-.ily 13, 1867. where he acquired his education in the public schools, and 
upon the completion of his school life he learned the trade of plumber, and in 1894 
lie removed to Asbury Park. New jersey, and worked as a journeyman at his trade. 
Three years later he decided to start in business for himself, and he established a 
general plumbing, steam and gas fitting business. This has proved so successful 
and has grown to such an ex'.ent that he now employs as many as fifteen workmen, 
and his returns amount up to twenty-five thousand dollars annually. This prosperity 
is due to tiie fact that all his work is performed in the best possible manner, as no 
man is kept in his employ who is not a capable and thorough workman. Mr. Turner 
has secured the contracts for v.'ork of this kind in a number of the largest hotels and 
private residences of Asbury Park and vicinity, as they know that he can be trusted 
to perform his work satisfactorily. Aside from his business he has invested considera- 
ble money in different ventures, from which he derives a goodly income. 

Mr. Turner is a man of pleasing personality, quiet, unostentatious, and devoted 
entirely to his business interests. He is 'what might be termed a self-made man, as 
he has risen to his present position solely through his own energy and perseverance, 
thus proving that it does not require wealth to start with in order to make a success 
in life. 



REV. ROBERT BELL, B. D. 

Rev. Robert Bell, B. D., has the distinction of being rector of one of the oldest 
churches in Middlesex county. New Jersey; the church is St. Peter's, located at 
Spotswood. Mr. Bell is a native of Ireland, the son of William and Margaret Bell. 
His rudimentary studies were followed at the common school of his native 
town ; subsequently he entered the Glasgow high school in Scotland, after which 
he completed his college course at University of Glasgow. His theological studies 
were followed at the Episcopal School, oi Cambridge. M.issachusetts. from which 
institution he graduated, receiving the degree of B. D. It was in the year 1803 that 
i-.e'was made deacon, and in 1S94 he was regularly ordained a priest. After his ordina- 
tion in i8g.3 he became curate of Calvary church of Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania. From 
1896 to i8c9 he acted as curate of St. Mark's church, at Frankford. Pltiladelphia, 
Pennsylvania. In the year 1899 he was made rector of the churcli of the Redeemer 
of Sayre, Pennsylvania, which pastorate he left in 1901 to take up the work of his 
present church. St. Peter'?, of Spotswood. New Jersey. 

Rev. Mr. Bell was united in marriage in .Xpril of If^oo to Eleanor, daughter of 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 1S5 

George S. R. and Mary Wilhraliani Wright, of Philadelphia. To them has been 
horn one daughter, Anne Wilbraham Wright Bell. 

A concise account of the church of which Mr. Bell is pastor will not be ani'ss at 
this point. Its age entitles it to a conspicuous place in the annals of church history, 
antedating, as it does, to the Revolutionary war, and for this reason should claim our 
interest. I:i 1720 the English society far the propjtgation of the Gospel in foreign 
parts, despatched a missionary to Is'cw Jersey, to take charge of the work already bo- 
gun at Neiv Brunswick. Freehold and 'Spotswood. In 1760 a new missionary was 
placed in the field in the person of Rev. M. Kearn, who divided his time ministering 
to the people at the three points above mentioned. At this time the communicants 
of the Spotswood congregation numbered twelve. In 1768 another change in the 
pastorate occurred, this time Rev. William .'X.yres being appointed by the society 
to minister to the spiritual needs of the parishes. During this time twenty-two 
children and two adults were baptized. About the same time ground was purchased 
at Englishtown by the congregations of Freehold and Spotswood, where the mis- 
sionary dwelt up to 1779, when a separation between the two above named congrega- 
tions took place. Mr. Ayres was succeeded by Rev. Andrew Fowler, who retained the 
charge but fifteen months, being succeeded by Rev. Mr. Cotton. From 1802 to 1809 
the Rev. John Croes served the New Brunswick and Spotswood churches co-jointly 
(he was made a bishop later). In the year 1S16 the church was thoroughly remodeled 
£nd refurnished, making it a more ccmfortablc place of worship ; before this time it 
amounted to little more than a simple enclosure. In 1822 Rev. John M. Ward was 
installed as the regular rector of St. Peter's; for fifteen years he carried on his work 
among this people, resigning his duties in 1837. Rev. Thomas Tauser then took up 
the work, but in 1838 he was succeeded by Rev. Robert B. Cross, who served for two 
years, and then resigned. The work w^s next taken up by Rev. Isaac Smith in 
1842, he resigning five years later. Then followed Rev. Joseph S. Phillips, who re- 
mained as rector up to the year 1858. It was during his rectorship that the present 
church building was begun and completed, the work being in progress from 1850 -o 
1857. Following Mr. Phillips came Thomas Lyle, John Stevens, A. J. Stewart, Mr. 
Crow, Mr. Bird, Rev. Dr. Compton. Mr. Russell and Rev. A. W. Cornell, under whose 
supervision the church was enlarged and a parish house constructed. Mr. Cornell 
was followed by Rev. W. E. Daw. jnd he in turn by the subject of this sketch. Rev. 
Robert Bell. 

The conmumicants of the church at the present time number one hundred and 
twenty, and the property is valued at Sn.ooo. 



PETER J. DEV. 



Peter j. Dey is a direct descendant of Lawrence Dcy. who was a soldier of 
some repute diiring the Revolutionarv war: he followed the fortunes of the Colonial 
army uivdcr Washington, particularly displaying his valor at the battle of Monmouth, 
although he was engaged in nnny other fierce conflicts in which his valiant behavior 
vas acknowledged. Lawrence Dey was an ex'ensive land owner in both Middlesex 
and Monmouth counties. His family consisted of four children, namely: Joseph, 
William, Catherine and Lawrence. His son Joseph is the grandfather of our subject. 
Peter J. tie (Joseph) was born in Monroe township, and was quite a lad during the 
struggle of the Colonists for independence. He was twice married, his first wife 
being Euphcinia Chuseman. who bore him six children, as follows: Matthew R., 
Lawrence, Margaret, Mary. William and Joseph. His second wife was Elizabeth 
Middletoii. wlio gave birth tc two children, namely: Peter J. and Elizabeth. 

Matthe.v R., the father of Peter J., whose name heads this chronicle, was born 



186 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

in Middlesex county on September lo, 1792. He married Achsali E. Herbert, also 
J native of Middlesex county, born on .\pril 5. i8oj. Their marriage occurred on 
January 20. 1822: they had the following family: ' Joseph, born March 17, 182J; 
John P.. born February 2i, 1825; William H.. born February 10. 1827. died in i8,u ; 
Matthew R., born Maich I, 1829; Peter J., born April 18, 1831 ; Allason E., born Oc- 
tober 12, iSj3. died in 1844: Elizabeth j\l.. born October 12. 1S33. (twins): Sarah A., 
born January 22, 1836. died in 1838: .\chsah E.. born July 3. 1839; and Margaret A., 
born July 27, 1841. Matthew, the father, departed this life on March 3, 1865; his 
wife, Achsah, survived him until February 18, 1875. Matthew R. was an extensive 
farmer, an upright man, and one who believed in the practical application of the 
"Golden Rule" to every day life. In religious belief he v.-as a Presbyterian, and in 
politics a stanch Republican. 

The son of this worthy gentleman, Peter J., our subject, is a resident of Mon- 
roe township, where he was born, reared and educated. He is a carpenter by trade, 
having mastered it in early life and continuously followed this line of business ever 
since. He is everj' inch a mechanic, and one whose workmanship is consiaered among 
the best. Aside from his carpentering businass, he carries on in a practical and 
rip-to-date manner the cultivation of his fann lands, which consists of forty acres 
of valuable and productive ground ; for the past forty years he has made his home 
upon this property, which he devotes to the raising of general farm products. 

As a public man Mr. Dey has been honored by the people of his community with 
election to various township offices, which he has tilled to the entire satisfaction of 
all concerned. For thirteen years he has occupied the position of clerk of the district 
school board, and for a number of years has been overseer of highways. Mr. Dey 
has not lived eittirely within the bounds of his native place, having had occasion 
10 travel lo distant pomts from time to time, thus widening and deepening his view 
of life: in this connection he has performed many offices of trust and responsibility. 
At one time he was employed by a Philadelphia house as collector. 

On January l, i860, Mr. Dey was joined in wedlock to Miss Caroline E. .\cklay, 
of Philadelphia. Six children were the result of their union, viz. : Clara, born March 
8, 1861; F'lorence, bom May 23, 18(13: Irene, born March 18, 1868: Ray. born .\ugust 
S, 1870: and two other children, who died in infancy. Mrs. Caroline E. Dey was born 
in Philadelphia in 1833. 

Mr. Dey is naturally proud of having descended from men of Revolutionary dis- 
tinction, and exhibits with keen satisfaction a sword now in his possession, but once 
the property of Captain Conover, who did valiant service for the cause of freedom 
in many hotly contested battles. 



DANIEL A. MOUNT. 



Daniel A. Mount is proprietor of what is known as "Pine Tree Farm," w-hich 
contains about twenty acres of land, which Mr Mount devotes exclusively to the rais- 
ing of the finest breeds of poultry. He was born in Monroe icwnship, Middlesex 
county, ill the year 18.10. the son of Joseph B. and Margaret (.\pplegate) Mount. 
Of this branch of the Mount family, of the preceding generation, only an aunt still 
survives (1902). The earliest recollections of Daniel .A. Mount carr>- him back to 
life upon the old farm, and for many years he devoted himself to agricultural pur- 
suits ; this, however, he abandoned to enter the mercantile trade, in which his efforts 
were crowned with success; he built up a fine and lucrative business, but liis health 
failing, he was forced to relinquish ihe business that promised so .well, and in 1885 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 187 

he commeiicec'. operations along his present line of business, beginning in a small way, 
however, t.nd in conjnnction with other matters in which he was at the time interested. 
In 1887 he turned his attention exclusively to poultry raising, which since that time, 
under his caieful and thorough supervision, has grown to enormous proportions. 
His operations have been carried on at Jamcsburg .=ince 1895. His stock consists of 
turkeys, ducks, geese and chickens ; four thousand chickens can be properly cared for 
in the commodious space set apart for their breeding. Has buildings cover about 
thirty thousand square feet of ground, while his feni:es, enclosing his pens, extena for 
about two miles. Mr. Mount exhibits his superior stock in the largest cities only. 
viz.: Boston, New York and Philadelphia, where mvariably he is awarded first prize. 
During the World's Fair at Chicago, he carried off both the first and second prizes on 
some of his fine specimens of white turkeys. 

Mr. Mount was married on September 10, 187.^, to Helen E., daughter of Samuel 
N. Stiilnian ; they have had but one child, namely. Otto R., born on September 10, 1877. 
Mr. Mount is a member of Jr. O. U. A. M., is a highly respected citizen, an ex- 
cellent neighlxir, and one whose sagacious business capacity is evidenced by his 
well regulated establishment. 



\V.\LTER RANDOLPH BRINLEY. 

Walter R. Brinley, of Long Branch, a descendant of one of the oldest families 
in that section, was born on October 31, 1844. at Long Branch, Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, the son of Henry and Jane (Wilson) Brinley. His education was ac- 
quired at the public schools, and his first e.xperience in the commercial line was in 
the ma*!ufacturing and bottling of mineral waters, which he carried on in his native 
town: his was the first establishment of this kind in Monmouth county. Since that 
time he has been in the hotel business, was from 1874 to 1880 a merchant at Long 
Branch in the clothing and boot and shoe business, and his latest venture was in the 
real estate line, in which he has met with success, and is still engaged in it. 

As a public man. he has acquired distinction from the fact of his having been 
elected in the spring of 1876 justice of the peace, which official position he has con- 
tinuously held, through re-elections, up to the present time (1902), a period of 
twenty-six years. ?Ie has always been a stanch adherent of the Democratic party, 
in W'hose interests he has been actively identified ever since attaining to majority, 
serving as campaign committeeman and delegate to numerous conventions. 

In November of the same year that he was elected justice of the peace he was 
united in marriage to Miss Harriet De Nyse. daughter of W. H. and Hannah De 
Nyse, of Long Branch. Mrs. Brinley died September 30. 1880, in giving birth to her 
son, who is now (1902) a student at Cornell University. 



WILLIAM HEXRY PALMER. 

.\niong the prosperous farmers of Monmouth county, New Jersey, is William 
H. Palmer, of Kcansburg, Middletown township, where he was born November 7, 
1852, his parents being Dr. Warren W. and Weltha A. (Mason) Palmer, both of 
whom belonged to highly respected families of New Jersey. 

Captain William Mason, who was the maternal grandfather of our subject, was 
prominently identified with the shipping interests of the coast, owning and sailing 



1 88 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

a vessel plying between Port Monmouth and Ne^v York City. He also engaged in the 
mercantile business both in New York and at the same time in Keansburg. near 
which latter place he owned a. large and productive farm. It was 'largely through 
the efforts of Captain Mason that the public school was established at Keansburg, 
and through life he was one of the most progressive and public-spirited men of his 
section. Captain Mason was born in 1794 and died in 1865. while his wife, Malvina, 
born in 1800, suivived until 1883. Their children were: John W. and .Weltha, the 
latter becoming the mother of our subject. 

Dr. Warren W. Palmer, the father of William, -was one of the prominent phy- 
sicians as well as a useful citizen of Monmouth county. During his younger days 
he was a justice of the peace and had the transacting of much legal business. Dr. 
Palmer became a large land owner, his property consisting of farms, houses and lots. 
His family consisted of five children, these being: William H., our subject; Dr. 
Warren, a piacticing physician of Brooklyn; Annie W., .wife of John E. Giberson, 
of Kean.iburg; Dr. Charles A., of Farmingdale, New Jersey; and Sarah D., wife of 
Aaron E. Johnston, of Freehold. 

William H. Palmer acquired his education in the public schools of his native 
town and then prepared himself for the vocation of teacher, following this pro- 
fession from ]S6S until 1895, with credit to himself and much advantage to those under 
his c.ireful and scholarly instruction. He has been identitied with public affairs, tak- 
ing a deep and intelligent interest in all enterprises which promise to be of benefit to 
his county or state. Mr. Palmer has served in a number of useful capacities for 
the public and has long been town committeeman. 

The nnrriage of Mr. Palmer took place in 1870, to Miss Louise Thomas, who 
was born at Harmony, Monmouth county, New Jersey, and to this union have been 
born the following named: Willard N., born in 1871 ; Mary P., born in 1875, died 
in 1896; E. Judson, born in 1876, now in the employ of the United States government 
as inspector at Governor's Island in New York City; Abbie L., born in 1879, now Mrs. 
Edward Bennett; and Annie W., born in 1885. Mr. Palmer is fraternally connected 
with the .\tlantic Highlands Anchor Lodge, No. 218. I. O. O. P.. and is one of the 
most highly esteemed citizens of Keansburg. 



IRA T. SPENCER, M. D. 

From no professional man do we e.xpect or exact so many of the cardinal virtues 
as from the physician. If the clergyman is austere we imagine that his mind is 
absorbed with the contemplation of things beyond our ken; if our lawyer is brusriue 
and crabbed, it is the mark of genius ; but in the physician we expect not only la 
superior mentality and comprehensive knowledge, but sympathy as wide as the 
universe. Di. Ira Thorp Si>eiicer in large measure meets all of these requirements 
?.nd is regarded by many as an ideal physician. He is a young man, studious, am- 
bitious and resolute and already he has won enviable success. 

The Doctor is a native of Martinsville, Somerset county, New Jersey, born July 
28, 1870, his parents being Aaron and Anna (Drury) Spencer. The family is an old 
and distinguished one of New Jersey, having been founded in the state several gen- 
erations ago. The first of the name of whom we have record is Caleb Spencer, the 
fireat-great-grandfather. and his son, also named Caleb, nvas the founder of the family 
in Somerset county, where his descendants are still found. He had two children, 
John and Ann, the wife of Peter Martin, who are still residents of that locality. 
The former is the grandfather of our subject and is still living near Martinsville at 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 189 

the age of eighty years, but his wife passed away about two or three years ago. One 
of their children was Aaron Howe Spencer, the father of the Doctor. He was born 
in Martinsville, Somerset county, in 1849, and in early life was connected with com- 
inercial pursuits, conducting a feed store in Rahway, New Jersey, and a grocery store 
in Elizabethport, but 'luring the great financial panic of 187J financial reverses over- 
took him and he located upon a farm near Martinsville, where he is still engaged in 
the cultivation of peaches. He has been quite active in politics as a supporter of the 
Democratic party and has filled various township offices. Of his four childcen three 
tre living, the Doctor being the eldest. The others are William A., a practicing at- 
torney of Perth .^mboy, and Musette, the wife of Charles Skillman, of Skillman Sta- 
tion, New Jersey. The youngest child, a daughter, died in infancy. 

Dr. Spencer pursued his educatio-i in the schools of Pennington and the University 
of Pennsylvania, being graduated from the latter institution in the year 1893, hav- 
ing completed the medical course. He began practice in Harlingen and in 1895 came 
10 Woodbridfe, where he has since been engaged in general practice. Pie is a 
member of tiie State and County Medical societies ; has for four or five years been a 
member of the board of health of Woodbridge; was township physician for four or 
five years, and is medical e-caminer for a number of societies and four or five insur- 
unce companies. In addition to this he has a large general practice, and tlie ability 
he has manifested in handling the cases entrusted to his care has won for him a po- 
sition of prominence among the representatives of the medical fraternity in Wood- 
bridge. He i? a stockholder in the Carteret Electric Light Company. 

In 1897 Dr. Spencer was married to Miss Anna Ensign, a daughter of Albert and 
Anna (Potter) Ensign, and they now have an interesting little daughter, Madeline. 
Socially the Doctor is connected with several societies, belonging to the Athletic 
Club; American Lodge. No. 83, F. & A. M., in which he has held the office of junior 
deacon ; the Knights of Pythias lodge of Woodbridge, in which he is past chan- 
cellor ; and Court Carteret, of the Order of Foresters. He was also one of the stock- 
holders in the Woodbridge Athletic .Association. His home is a handsome residence 
on L'pper Main street and the functions there held are an important part of the social 
life of the city. Widely known, the Doctor possesses those sterling traits of char- 
acter and sterling worth wh'ch everywhere command respect and good will. 



J. WESLEY CROSS. 



After a career of many changes and vast experience, our subject, J. Wesley Cross, 
of Asbury Park, New Jersey, is at last enjoying a season of well merited pea;e 
and quiet. Born in Baltimore county, Maryland, December 31, 1843, the son of 
Andrew and Amelia Cross, his education was acquired at the public schools of Balti- 
more. At the time of the breaking out of the Civil war he was too young to enlist 
i.n the ranks, but with all the ardor of youthful ambition he desired to take his place 
in defense c>f his country's honor; ii he could not do this in one way, he determined 
to seek anotlier, and to win by hard work a place for himself where he could substan- 
tially demonstrate his patriotism. First, in order to accomplish something for the 
cause in which he was greatly interested, he served for one year in the sutler de- 
partment ; tnis, however, did not give him the opportunity he sought, so he made up 
liis mind io prepare himself to become an engineer in the United States navy; with 
this object in view he took up a course of study, and after considerable hard work 
and close application he successfully passed the examination, and on September J5, 



I90 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

1863, he became z. duly commissioned etigineer, and was ordered almost immediately 
to do duty on tlie "Zouave" at Fortress Monroe. Here he participated in General Grant's 
assault on Petersburg, and from this time on saw more or less of the dangers and 
horrors of actual and deadly warfare. Shortly after the Petersburg conflict he was 
transferred to the sloop-of-war Shenandoah and engaged in the assault on Fort Fisher 
which resulted in its final capture. Next he was ordered to Charleston, South Caro- 
lina, and as the captain of his vessel was senior commanding officer, it happened that 
Mr. Cross was vouchsafed the privilege of being the second man in the navy to enter 
Urnt city alter its evacuation by the enemy. He then returned to Philadelphia on 
waiting orders. His next berth was aboard the Paul Jones, on which gallant vessel 
he served lor two years ; this he left to take up his quarters at the Washington, D. 
C, navy yard, on the Talapoosa, which was then known as the President's yacht, 
where he remained until his discharge in 1868. He then returned to Baltimore, where 
he entered the commercial field, which line of business he carried on at that place 
for fifteen years : during the 'great conflagration there, which destroyed so vast a 
section of that city, he was unfortunate enough to lose the greater part of his prop- 
erty. Somewhat disheartened, he turned his face toward the great west to labor in 
r.n enirely new field, and to repair, if possible, his financial losses. He located in 
Portland, Oiegon, where he remained until 1894, a period of five years from the 
date of his arrival there (1889). Then he again journeyed east, this time taking up 
his residence at Ocean Grove, New Jersey, where he established himself in the hotel 
business; in this he has been eminently successful, owing to his genial temperament, 
which enables him to make his guests fee! that everything is being done for their indi- 
vidual comfort, as indeed it is. 

Politically Mr. Cross is greatly interested in the success of the Republican party. 
His popularity as a citizen is attested to by his having been elected to the responsible 
p,osition of justice of the peace of Ocean Grove, which position he must have mo.;t 
acceptably filled, judging from the fact that he now occupies the same office, which 
has been conferred upon him by the citizens of Asbury Park, New Jersey. 

Mr. Cross is affiliated with the F. &: A. M. and the Knight Templars, and is alfo 
a respected member of the First Methodist Episcopal church of Asbury Park. 
His marriage to Miss Mary A. Westwood, of Baltimore, took place on May 
2, 1867. She died May 17, 1808. Their living children are: Morton W.. Herbert M., 
Howard W., Guy E. and MaUie M. -His second Tnarriage occurred on September 
27, iQoo, to Miss Carrie L. Jackson, also of Baltimore. 



ELDER WILLIS G. BROWN. 

CoinciJent with the founding of the Second .\dventist church of Eatontown, 
New Jersey, in 1853, occurred the birth of Elder Willis G. Brown, our subject, and 
'he present efficient pastor of the church. To Mr. Edward T. Welch. Sr., of Ocean- 
I'ort, is credited the church's inception. S<> earnest was he to propagate the truth 
as he understood it that he set apart a room in his own house for the gathering 
together of those inclined to the acceptance of the then new doctrine, which lie 
so ably and patiently taught. For twenty years these meetings continued, for which 
purpose the school houses where Mr. Welch and others taught were often called 
into service. 

It was in 1862 that Elder Wolcott instituted a school of chirography, which he 
conducted m (he Locu-t Grove school house. To this he ad<led a Bible reading class; 





()-^/^^£>^ 



cz^ t^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 191 

from this humble orijjin developed ihc present church, which \v?s erected in 1S70 
and is situated midway between Locust Grove and Eatontown. The building, though 
small, affords ample accommodation for its membership. Elder Wolcotl ministered 
to this people for twenty-seven years and w.'-s succeeded by Elder S. W. Bi^^hop. who 
served as pastor for six years, when Elder VVolcott again took charge. The present 
pastor, Eider Wiilis G. Brown, our subject, was called to the pastorate iti 1895. The 
church membership, though numbering only seventy, is composed of faithful, con- 
secrated, earnest men and women, stanch and true to the faith of their adoption. 
About forty-ti\e children on an average attend the Sunday-school each session. 

Elder Brown is a native of Orrington, Maine, where he was born on Noirembt-r 
r,. 1853. He is the son of the late Captain Stillman and Mary (Bartlett) Brown, both 
of wnoni vers natives of Maire. The title of captain was applied to Mr. Brown, the 
lather of our subject, when he was ii'it nineteei'. years of uge, he having evinced such 
superior genius in his chosen (-.•■lling that even at this early age he became the master 
of a vessel ; from this time until he w-as forty-four years years old he followed the 
sea, upon which he made many lon;^ voyages to various foreign ports. He died in 
his forty-fourth year. His family consistcQ of nine children, only two of whom are 
now livin.g. 

Willis G. Brown received his early mental training in the public schools of his 
native town. He was early recognized as a boy of thoughtful and studious mind, and 
by closely applying himself to his books he opened up an intellectual capacity wliose 
continued growth he never allows to lag. as he is ever feeding it with the best literary 
products that the mind of genius has produced and is producing for the benefit of him 
whose soul craves the food on which it alone can flourish. He and his books are insep- 
arable, and it is his well stored mind which makes Elder Brown so capable of hold- 
ing his hearers and impressing them with his logical arguments. At the age of 
twenty-two he engaged in evangelistic work, which has occupied his attention for 
eighteen years. The eitablishmcnt of a church at Bradley. Maine, is directly attributa- 
ble to his untiring efforts. During his years of ministry he has traveled extensively 
throughout the New England states, and on every hand his labors have been abundantly 
blessed in the spread of the truth he so ardently advocates, and in the leading of 
many darkened minds out inl.-i the light of an inspiring faith. Xot only by his 
preaching does he e.\ert a wide-spread influence, but among his people who know and 
love him. his life speaks more eloquently than words a message none can fail to un- 
derstand. 

In 1878 Elder Brown married Lcis Josephine, daughter of Stephen and Rebecca 
Holt, of Maine. Four children havs been born to them — Willis IT.. .\nna J.. Susie 
M. and Karle E. Elder Brown is an active member of the C. B. B. .\. 



ALBERT MORRIS BRADSHAW. 

Xo man in Ocean county is better known than Captain A. M. Bradshaw. who 
has been a prime mover in the advancement and upbuilding of Lakewood. His his- 
tory is so closely interwoven with that of the city that to give an account of the 
development and improvement of Lakewood will be to chronicle the life work of the 
Captain, who more than any other man has controlled the growth and instituted the 
improvements of this place. 

Prior to 1832 the territory upon which the town now stands was known as 
Washington Furnace and in that year named the Bergen Iron Works, taking its 



s 



192 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 



name from the indiistry which had been established there. A tract of land of about 
twenty-five thousand acres had been secured ; there was a store, foundry buildings, 
a business and commercial system, all created and dominated by a single individual, 
J. W. Brick. Such was the beginning of Lakewood, but no marked progressive step 
was taken until July 4, 1865,' when the name was changed to Bricksburg. By 
special act of the legi.slature the Bricksburg Land & Improvement Company was in- 
corporated in 1866, with Robert Campbell as its president. Under the regime of this 
company the old industry gradually decreased in importance and died out. It was 
at this period, in 1866, that active work was done in laying out streets and avenues ; 
the souijd of saw and hammer was heard, indicating the progress of building inter- 
ests ; real estate was placed upon the market and land was sold under sensible re- 
strictions. The healthful conditions of the locality being recognized, the people came 
in great numbers and rapid progress was made for a time, but much of the property 
was purchased for speculative purposes, and such a course is invariably followed 
by a period of depression in the growth of a town. In time, however, the work of 
progress and improvement was resumed and has since been carried steadily forward. 
It was in 1879, in conjunction with Mr. Charles H. Kimball, that the progressive 
spirit of Captain Bradshaw was first infused into the development of the place, and 
since that time he has been a power for good in the town, which largely stands as a 
monument to his enterprise and business ability. In 1879 he induced New York 
capitalists to interest themselves in the place and then was formed the Lakewood 
Hotel and Land Association, under the direction of the following ofiicers: C. H. 
Kimball, president; S. D. Davis, treasurer; and Captain A. M. Bradshaw, secretary. 
By these gentleman a liberal system of improvements was inaugurated and the Laurel 
House was opened in 1880. Ten years later the Forest Hotel Company was organized 
with C. H. Kimball, president; Francis S. Freeman, treasurer; and Captain Brad- 
shaw, secretary. In the same year the Pine Forest Land & Improvement Company was 
organized, and the same year the Lakewood Hotel was built. 

All modern improvements and the accessories of a city of the twentieth century 
have been introduced, including an electric light plant, which was installed upon 
modern scientific plans ; a sewerage system, in the perfection of which no expense 
has been spared ; fine streets and avenues, which are paved and bordered with well 
kept sidewalks, and other progressive improvements, which made Lakewood a most 
desirable place of residence. The educational advantages here are unsurpassed in 
a town of this size, for in addition to the two large public schools, one embracing a 
kindergarten in connection with the grade work, there are two private schools— the 
Lakewood Heights School, for boys, and The Oaks, a preparatory school for girls. 
Lakewood also has fine churches to accommodate the large number of visitors of vary- 
ing denominational preferences. 

Another of the attractive features of Lakewood is the beautiful bodies of water 
which lie adjacent to the town, the largest being Lake Carasaljo, which was named 
by its old-time owner, Joseph W. Brick, for his three lovely daughters, Caroline, 
Sarah and Josephine. The second daughter was called Sally, and to form tlie name 
he took the first syllable of each daughter's name. 

Lakewood is situated about sixty miles from both Philadelphia and New York, 
thus affording easy access to either city. The history of Lakewood as a winter resort 
dates from 1880, when the New York capitalists, through the instrumentality of Cap- 
tain Bradshaw. succeeded in acquiring possession of about nineteen thousand acres 
of land and began the improvement of the place, making it very attractive as a resi- 
dence locality. With its broad, well shaded streets, beautiful homes, excellent school 
and church facilities and other advantages, Lakewood may appropriately be termed' 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JE-RSEY COAST. 193 

a model village. The tcniper;iturc in winter is from ten to fifteen degrees warmer 
than in \e\v England, the soil is sandy and the air wonderfully pure and dry. Cap- 
tain Bradshaw has not only kept in touch with every line of progress here but has 
instituted many of the most important movements for its advancement and growth. 
His business ability, keen foresight, executive force and capable management have 
all left their impress upon the development of the town, and Lakewood may well 
term him its modern founder and feel grateful for his efforts in its behalf. 



LYMAN CROXK. 



Much speculation has been indulged in concerning the futility of effort. Statistics 
state that ninety-five per cent, of those who enter into business for themselves meet 
with failure. This is doubtless due in large measure to an unwise choice of a voca- 
tion. Abilit}- to correctly judge one's own powers, combined with a willingness to 
work and with keen discrimination in management, — these are the factors of success, 
and it is such characteristics which have won for Lyman Cronk a foremost place in in- 
dustrial circles in New Brunswick, where he carries on business as a manufacturer 
cf and dealer in lumber, sash, doors and blinds. 

His life lecord began in Roxbury, Delaware county, New York, on the I2th of 
March, 1858, and it was in that county that the first American ancestors of the 
family, U'atives of 'Holland, located on crossing the Atlantic to the new world in 
1770. The founder of the family was Lawrence Cronk, who continued his residence 
;n Delaware county until after the beginning of the Revolutionary war, when he 
entered the army and gave his life for the cause of liberty. He left one son, Law- 
rence Cronk, Jr., who was bi,irn in Tarrytown, New York — a place immortalized 
through Washington Irving's beautiful "Legend of the Sleepy Hollow." After arriv- 
ing at years of maturity the grandfather of our subject married Nancy Crary, and 
they became the parents of ten children, the fourth in order of birth being Nathaniel, 
lite father of Lyman Ci'onk. Throughout his business career Nathaniel followed the 
occupation -of farming, l:is life's labors .being ended in death in 1872, when he was 
sixty-seven ytars of age. In politics he was a Whig until the organizaton of the 
Republican part)-, vvhcn he joined its ranks. His wife, who was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, died in 1881, at the age of eighty-four years. Their 
children were Harvey B., Volney. Laura, Alvah, Lyman, DuBois and Martin. 

Lyman Cronk acquired his education in the common schools of his native county 
and was employed tipon his father's farm through the summer months until fourteen 
years of age, after which he was employed as a farm hand in the neighborhood for 
seven years. It was thus he made his start in life. In March, 1861, he was employed 
on a steamboat, running between South Aniboy and New York City, and in that posi- 
tion he continued until November, 1862, when he enlisted in the United States navy 
and was attached to the ship Commodore Morris, commanded by Captain James 
Gilles. The special duty of this vessel consisted in cruising around the James and 
York rivers and Chesapeake bay and doing picket duty in the first named river, 
watching especially for the appearance of the second Merrimac. He was honorably 
discharged from the service November 7, 1863. 

Upon leaving the navy Mr. Cronk went to the west, locating in Champaign. Illi- 
nois, where he was employed as a salesman in a grocery store for about a year. On 
the expiration of that period he returned to New Jcrsev-, and, establishing his home 
1 



19-4 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

in New Briinswkk, he souglit and obtnined a position in a grocery store, where he 
remained for six years. At the end of tlint lime he began business on his own account 
on John street, as a manufacturer of packing boxes, and this business he has since 
successfully followed, although he has extended the field of his operation to include 
the manufacture of sash, doors, blinds and moulding, and the sale of lumber. He 
did not have -wealth to aid him in his business career, but he was determined and 
resolute, and jcorned not honest labor nor that close attention to business without 
which success is never won. He has made good workmanship in all his manufactured 
products one of tiie characteristics of his establishment, which is also widely knoan 
on accouni of the honorable business policy therein maintained. 

In 1866 occurred tiie marriage of Mr. Cronk and Miss Anna A. Clayton, daughter 
of James G. and Maria De Hart Clayton, of New Brunswick, New Jersey. After more 
than a quarter of a century of happy married life, sfie passed away October 28, 1892, 
at the age of forty -nine years. Six children were born unto them ; of whom three 
are yet living: Hubert B., who was born May 8, 1872, and is now associated with his 
father in bu.siness under the firm name of L. Cronk & Son: Sadie L., horn November 
19, 1875; and Edwin Irving, born November 29, 1876, now a student in Hahnemann 
Medical College, of Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. On the 20th of June, 1894, Mr. 
Cronk married Miss Carrie L. Laird, a daughter of Alexander and Hannah Laird, 
of Pleasant Plains, New Jersej-. She is a most estimable lady and, like her husband, 
is widely and favorably known in New Bruns'tt ick. Th'.^y have one daughter, Mildred 
S., born Augi'.st, 1898. 

In his political afi'liations Mr. Cronk ic a Republican and is deeply interested in 
the growth and success of his party. He has served on the county executive committee 
and for one term v/as on the board of aldermen of New Brunswick. He belongs to 
the board of trade and is identified with several fraternal organizations, including 
Union Lodge, No. 19, F. & A. M. ; New Brunswick Lodge, No. 6. I. O. O. F. ; and of 
Robert Boggs Post, G. A. R. He is a zealous and cousi.-tent member of the Afeth- 
odist Episcopal church, is serving as one of its stewards and is treasurer of its finan- 
cial board. Such is the life record of an honorable and upright man. who is deeply 
interested in the welfare and prosperity of his adopted city and is always ready 
to uphold the principles of municipal and national integrity. 



FRED VAIL THOMPSON. M. D. 

It is h.nrdly probable that a knowledge of medicine is even in the slightest degree 
inherited, but an aptitude for the work of a physician may be inherited and many a 
medical practitioner is a belter physician because his father before him was a physi- 
cian and many such have been students of medicine from their childhood. Dr. Fred 
Vail Thompson, late of Belmar, but more recently of Asbury Park and now of 
flolmdel Monmouth county, New Jersey, is a son of Dr. Charles H. Thompson, a 
successful and popular physician of Belmar, Monmouth county. 

Dr. F. V. Thompson was born September 12, 1866, at Freehold, and at the age of 
ten years was sent to a private school at South Ainboy. For two years he studied 
there and for a year afterward was a student at a private school at Asbury Park. 
He then entered Freehold Institute, from which he was graduated after a five years' 
course, with the class of 1885. After completing his classical course he entered the 
medical department of Columbia College, New York City, where he studied for three 
years. He next entered Long Island Hospital Medical College, from which he was 
graduated in i8yo, when he associated himself in the practice of medicine with his 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 195 

father at Bclmar. This relation existed for six years until, in the spring of i8q6, 
Dr. Thompson engaged in independent practice at Asbury Park, whence a year later 
he reniovcQ to Holmdel, where he has a large and lucrative practice. He is physicia-.i 
to the board of health of Holmdel and is examining physician for the Pennsylvania 
Mutual Life Insurance Company, the New York Life Insurance Company and the 
Travelers Life and Accident Insurance Company. He is a thorough student and a 
painstaking physician, and is a member of the Monmouth County Medical Society 
and of the Practitioners' Society of Eastern Monmouth. He is thoroughly abreast of 
the times in new dis^coveries and medical diagnosis and treatment of medical diseases. 
Politically Dr. Thompson is a Republican, though he is not active in the affairs 
of his party. He is a member of Ocean Lodge, No. 89, iFree and Accepted Masons, 
of Belmar, and is secretary and past master of that organization. He is an active 
and zealous member of the Episcopal church of Belmar. in which he has held the 
office of vcstr;.Tnan from iSgj to 1897, and he is liberal in its support and active in 
Christian work. 

Dr. Thompson was married June 14. 1894, to Grace A. Gassin. who was born July 
24, 1S75, a daughter of Charles E. and Elizabeth A. (Kessler} Gassin, a native of New 
York City. Her father, who was of French ancestry, was a successful wholesale 
druggist jn Ne\v York. Her grandfather in the paternal line w'as a captain in the 
French army and served under Napoleon the First. Her mother was of German descent. 
Dr. Charles H. and Rhoda A. (Holmes) Thompson are represented in a separate 
biographical sicetch which appears elsewhere -in -this work. 



FRANCIS CHADWICK. 

The late Francis Chadwick, who in his time was one of the well known business 
men of Red Bank, Monmouth county, Ne>v Jersey, was born there March 18, 1813, 
and died May 30, 1882. His father was Taber Chadwick, in his time a representative 
attorney at Red Bank, who was bom March 7, 177,^, and died October 7^ 1843. His 
mother was Deborah Longstreet, who was born July 25, 17S7, and died September 
14, 1883. They had children as follows: Francis, Richard, Jeremiah, Lydia, Francis 
Ohe second of the name), Richard L., Sarah Ann, Catharine, Jeremiah (the second 
of the name). Deborah, Lucinda and Angeline. Taber Chadwick's father was Francis 
Chadwick, who was born July 18, 1741, married Huldah Taber, and died January 13, 
1809. John Chadwick, father of Francis Chadwick, was born March 12, 1713, and 
died April, 1783. The Christian name of his w'ife was Alartha A. John Chadwick 
was the son of another John Chadwick, a native of England, who came to America 
with. Governor Winthrop's fleet in 1630, and died in New Jersey June 20, 1639, and 
whose wife. Johanna, died the same year. 

Francis Chadwick received such educ.?tion as was obtainable in the common 
school near his boyhood home and was self-taught to such a degree that in time he 
tame to possess an extensive fund of useful knowledge. Early in life he became cap- 
tain of a schooner plying between Red Bank and New York. He was married Sep- 
tember 9, 183;', to Miss Margaret A. Parker, daugliter of Captain Joseph Parker, of 
Red Bank, a descendant of the old English family of Parker in Kent. George Parker 
emigrated to this country in 1S35 in the ship '"Elizabeth and -Ann," and settled in 
New England, but subsequently removed to Runison. New Jersey. Peter Parker, who 
was born at Portsmouth, came to New Jersey with his brother, Joseph, who was con- 
stable at Shrewsbury in 1667. The Parkers of this family proved themselves worthy 
?nd loyal citizens of their adopted country, and their descendants fill \arious offices 



196 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

of trust in llic departments of human endeavor to whieh tlicy h.ave been called. Fran;is 
and Margaret A. (Parker) Chadvvick had children as follows: Richard L., who is 
dead; Joseph P., captain of the Sea Bird; Mary }!., who is Mrs/ Wood; Frank T., 
a physician and druggist at Long Branch; Alviii ; Margaret, who is dead; and S. 
Matilda. 

At his marriage Mr. Chadwick abandoned the career of a mariner and as a 
member of the firm of Chadwick & Parker, embarked in a mercantile enterprise, which 
nnder able management w'as advanced to considerable importance. In time he began to 
deal in lumber and eventually became interested in shipping and ow'ned a line of vessels 
which plied between Red Bank and New York. In these various enterprises he 
was successful and came to rank commercially among the most important business 
men of Red Bank and adjacent towns. He continued in business until he suffered 
from a disastrous conllagration, and then, instead of rebuilding, 'he retired. Politi- 
cally he was a Republican and tliough he was not himself a party worker he was a 
firm believer in the principles enunciated by Lincoln and his successors, and was 
3iiuch interested m every forward movement of his party. It may be said of him that 
his public spirit was such that he was always in the front rank of those who con- 
tributed to the progress and prosperity of his town and county. He was a Presbyterian, 
liberal in the support of the church and long active in Sunday-school work, for 
which he had a happy faculty and in which he was most efficient. 



JOSEPH MAGEE. 



For eighty years Joseph Magee has traveled life's journey,, and now, in the 
evening of a long, useful and honorable career, he is enjoying a well earned rest, 
relieved of the burdens and responsibilities of business life ; for through many 
decades he was laying by the competence which now supplies him with all the neces- 
sities and many of the luxuries of life. He has been prominent in public life as 
well as in business circles and has left the impress of his individuality for good 
upon many lines of progress and advancement in the city of Jamesburg, where he 
makes his home. 

A native of Monmouth county. New Jersey, Mr. Magee was born on. the 8th of 
October, 1821, and is a son of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Hultz) Magee, both of 
whom were natives of Monmouth county. The father w-as born February 28, 17S6, 
and was a son of Richard Magee. He served his country in the war of 1812 and 
when a boy learned the blacksmith's trade, but devoted the greater part of his life 
to agricultural pursuits. He spent his later years at the home of his son Joseph in 
jamesburg, and there died, September 15, 1861, while his wife passed away on tjie 
19th of July, 1822. They were the parents of six children: Margaret, who was born 
December 9, 1810, became the wife of Mr. Stutts and died in Mercer county, New 
Jersey; James, horn September 12, 1812, is still Hving; William, born March 26, 1815, 
died in March, 1893; Lydia, born June 22, 1817, became the wife of Daniel Taylor and 
after his death was again married, and is now deceased; Alfred, born January 8, 
1819, died in childhood; and Joseph is the next of the family. For his second wife 
the father married Mrs. Ann Bartlett, a widow. 

In the country schools Joseph Magee began his education and at the age of 
twelve years began earning his own livelihood by clerking in a general store owned by 
Elias C. Clayton. He subsequently became a partner in the business and four years 
later he sold his interest and entered into partnership with John E. Hart, a relation 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 197 

that was maintained for three years, when in 1851 Mr. Magee disposed of his inter- 
est and removed to Jamesburg. Here he estabhshed a general store and later he 
also embarked in the lumber business. He w-as thus identified with the commer- 
cial interests of the city for many years and enjoyed a large and profitable trade, 
which was accorded him by reason of his honorable dealing, his enterprise and 
his earnest desire to please his patrons. He continued actively associated with the 
business interests which he had established until January, 1896, when he retired to 
private life. He has made judicious investments and is now a leading stockholder in 
the First National Bank of Jamesburg, of which he is serving as president, although 
the active conduct of the bank is left to others. 

Mr. Magee has been twice married. In Philadelphia, o'n the 25lh of March. 1846, 
he was joined in wedlock to IMiss Elizabeth Van Atsdale, and unto them were born 
six children : Harriet C. the wife of Thomas E. Perrine ; Mary E., the deceased wife 
of John Finley; Eugene V., who resides in East Orange; Anna B., the wife of E. 
S. Hammcll, of the Jamesburg Record ; and George V. and Laura J., both of whom 
have passed away. The mother was called to her final rest on the 22nd of March, 
1866. In Monmouth county, New Jersey, on the 20th of April, 1871, Mr. Magee was 
united in marriage to Mrs. Eleanor Mount, the widow of Joseph Perrine, and by this 
union were born two children : Joseph, who died in infancy, and Alice. 

Mr. Magee has been very prominent in public affairs and has contributed in a 
large measure to public progress along material, social, intellectual and moral lines. 
He lias filled the office of township collector and for two years was a freeholder. 
He was also honored with an election to the position of representative to the general 
assembly and ably labored for the interests of his constituents. He was the organ- 
izer of the building and loan association and served as its president for thirty-two 
years, largely promoting the growth of the institution and extending its usefulness. 
For twelve years he was postmaster and at one time served as president of the 
school board, the cause of education finding in him a warm friend. He was one 
of the organizers of the First National Bank, served as director and vice president, 
and for one year has filled the position of president. A lifelong member of the 
Presbyterian Church, he has been one of its elders for a quarter of a century and 
has labored earnestly and effectively for its upbuilding and progress. He was also 
president of the cemetery association. In politics he has. ever been a Democrat and 
is a man fearless in defense of his honest convictions. His has been an honorable 
career, well worthv of emulation. 



JOHN H. CRAWFORD. 



John H. Crawford, who is eng.-.gcd in the wholesale butchering business in Tin- 
Ion Falls, where his slaughter houses are located, is one of the leading business 
men of his localiiy. The birth of Mr. Crawford was on October 29.- 1841, and he was 
a son of James G. and Elizabeth Hagerty Crawford, the former of whom was a shoe 
maker by trade, and wiih four of his sons served gallantly in the Civil war, aiu'i 
the latter of whom was a member of an old an J respected New Jersey family. 

John H. Crawford, of this sketch, was reared in Tinton Falls and there acquired 
his education. He began life as a farmer boy, with the intention of following agricul- 
tural pursuits, but his plan? were changed, like those of many others, by the outbreak 
and continuance/of the Civil war. In 1H63 he enlisted for service in the defense of 
his country, er.tering the Twenty-ninth New jersey Volunteer Infantry, First .-Xrmy 



198 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Corps, ^indei' General Reynolds as cominandcr, and served faithfully through his 
term of enlistment, being honorably discharged at its close. 

Upon his return from the army our subject was engaged through four years in 
the butclu-r business in Eatontown, but then returned to agricultural life. For eight 
years 'Mr. Crawford v;as a fanner, at the close of which period he entered into his 
present business and has been succe-sfuliy conducting it ever since, although since 
1897 he has not been actively engaged, the firm of Crawford Brothers, his two sons 
succeeding him at that date. This business was founded by our subject twelve years 
ago and is now one of the important ones in Tinton Falls, and under the able manage- 
ment of John C. and Albert B. Crawford, energetic and thorough business men, prom- 
ises to reach to greater proportions. 

The marriage of our subject was in 1865, to Miss Rebecca A. Croxson, and the 
children of this marriage were as follows: Elizabeth, Hannah, Nathan, George, 
Louise, Dora, John C. and Albert B. 

yir. Crawford is much respected and his home in gladdened by the presence 
of many bright grandchddren. -He built up a business which has brought an ample 
competency and he al':o established a reputation tor honesty and fair dealing, which 
policy is still pursued by his successors. 



NICHOLAS BUTTERBACH. 

To compel Nature to \ield obedience and bring forth flower and fruit according 
to the will and wish of the patient and intelligent gardener, is the business of 
Nicholas Butterbach, the capable and enthusiastic superintendent and gardener for 
C. N. Bliss, of Oceanic, jS'ew Jersey. The birthplace of our subject, Mr. Butterbach, 
was on the classic Rhine, in Germany, and the beautiful scenery presented to his view 
while a child may have had an influence in forming his character and giving a bent 
to his natural, inclinations. Mr. Butterbach was liberally educated, first at the lower 
schools, and later he entered the institution at Saargemund in Loraine, subsequently 
graduating with honors at the seminary at Montigny. 

At the age oi twenty-eight, in 1881, Mr. Butterbach emigrated to the United 
States, and located at Greenwich, Connecticut, where for a time he filled a com- 
mercial position, but later he went to New York and entered upon a successful career 
as a landscape gardener. For nine years he continued in this line, many of the finest 
estates ill Manhattan profiting by his-^skill and -taste. Since 1892 he has had charge 
of the beautiful estate of the Hon. C. N. Bliss, of Oceanic, this being one of the most 
artistic and attractive spots on the New Jersey coast. 

The marriage of Mr. Butterbach was in 1886, to Miss Alice Connelly, and one 
daughter was born, in 1888, who bears the beautiful name of Helena. Mr. Butterbach 
is a most enthusiastic and accomplished member of his profession and has attained a 
high position in the estimation of his colleagues. He'is a member of the executive 
.committee of the American Rose Society; is a member of the Society of American 
Florists ; a member of the New York Florists Club ; and he was the organizer 
of the Monmouth County Horticultural Society and was its first president. Socially 
he is a member of the L O. R. ^L order, Navesink Tribe. No. 14S, of which he is 
a past officer. 

Mr. Butterbach is of most genial and pleasing personality, loving his work as a 
master docs and producing some most artistic and pleasing designs; and he is also 
successful ill making every natural resource of as much value as possible, his trained 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 199 

eye iinmeciiately telling him what is best. In the domain of gardener he is supreme. 
Mr. Buttcrbach has conitributcd many valuable articles on horticulture to contempo- 
ran-ous publications, horticultural papers and magazines, notably an article on "The 
Cultivation of the Rose Under Glass," which took the first prize of thirty-three 
competitors. .-\n article which attracted much favorable comment and was widely 
copied was "The Cultivation of the Pineapple Under Glass." Mr. Butlerbacli's lec- 
ture teiort the State Horticultural Society in Trenton in 1899 was commended most 
highly. ^ 

* « » 

D.WTD MURR.W. 

David Murray was born in Bovina. Delaware county, New York, October 15, 

1830. His parents were both natives of Scotland. He was graduated from Union 
College in 1852 ; received the honorary degree of Ph. D. from the University of the 

State of New York in 1863, and that of LL. D. from Rutgers College in 1873 and 
from Union College in 1874. He was principal of the .Mbany .\cadtmy from 1S57 

until 1863 and in the latter j-ear was elected professor of mathematics and astronomy 

in Rutgers College, in which position he served until 1873. 

The embassy from Japan which visited .America and Europe in 187:2 invited him 

to become the adviser to the imperial minister of education in their country in order 
to aid in the work of reorganizing their system of public education. This position 

he held from 1873 until 1879. .-^t the time of the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia 
m 1876, he was sent to the United States tor tht purpose of collecting material for 
an educational museum in Japan. On leaving that country in 1879 the eniperor be- 
stowed upon the Decoration of the Rising Sun in appreciation of his services. 

On his return home in 1879 he was made secretary of the board of regents <rf 
the University of the State of Xew York. Ill health obliged him to resign this posi- 
tion after a service of ten years. He gave lectures on education in Japan at Union 

College in t88i. and at Johns Hopkins University in 1897. He wrote for the extensive 
book on tiie public service of the state of New York that portion referring to the 

organization and work of the board of regents. He wrote for the Putnam series "The 
Story of Japan," and for the bureau of education at Washington "The History of 
Education in Xew Jersey." He contributed to and edited "The Centennial History of 
Delaware County, Xew York." He also wrote for the .American Historical .'kssocia- 
lion an article called the "Anti-Rent Episode in Xew York." He has written also 
various papers and monographs for other publications. 

Dr. Murray has been trustee of Union College and of the Albany .-Vcadomy, 

and is now trustee of Rutgers College. He was one of the original founders of the 

Xew Brunswick Historical Club and was its president from 1898 to 1902. 

In 1867 the Doctor married Martha .\. Xeilson, of New York City, and his present 
lesidcnce is in Xew Brunswick, Xew Jersey. 



B. EVERETT CARPENTER. 

One of the most progressive and prosperous business citizens of Woodbridge, New 
Jersey, is B. Everett Carpenter, who owns and operates the most complete carriage 
building and blacksmith establishment in this city, and is considered the best of 
its kind to be found in Middlesex county. 



?.oo HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

The birth of Mr. Carpenter was on June 20, 1863. at Carteret, Woodbridgc town- 
ship, Middlesex county, in this state, and he was a son of the hue David P. and Marj- 
(Vanwart) Carpenter. Our subject acquired his education in the pubhc schools, 
graduating from there into the trade of carriage blacksmithing. After faithfully 
serving through a rigorous apprenticeship. JNIr. Carpenter then worked as a journeyman 
in the business for some ten years. In 1888, in association with his brother, David 
P. Carpenter, he erected his present connnodious shops and warerooms and since that 
date has been engaged continuously in a successful and lucrative business in Wood- 
bridge. He manufactures all kinds of light and heavy wood and driving wagons, 
and conducts a general carriage building, blacksmithing and horse shoeing business. 
His methods being upright and honorable, he has placed his house on a firm founda- 
tion and is regarded with the highest confidence by the business world and tile com- 
munity. 

Mr. Carpenter has one hobby, and that is a love of fine horses. Fortunately he is 
in a position to gratify his taste and is the owner of five of the fastest trotting 
and pacing horses in the state of New Jersey. Mr. Carpenter is still unmarried. 



HENRY J. CHILD. 



Henry John Child, justice of the peace of Monmouth county, notary public, and 
commissioner of deeds, was born in Chertsey. county of Surrey. England, January 4, 
1830. His parents, William and Sarah (Wall) Child, also natives of England, came 
to the United States in 1852, and located at Red Bank, New Jersey, where they died, 
the former March 2, 1882. and the latter in the early '70s. The elder Child, like 
the immediate subject of this sketch, most efficiently fulfilled the duties of the office 
of justice of the peace, which he held for a period of fifteen years. He was a Demo- 
crat in his political affiliation, but did not allow his partisanship to blind him to the 
iruterests of his community, frequently and openly supporting the nominees of his 
political opponents where he believed them better qualified than the nominees of his 
own party to occupy the offices to which they aspired. He was a valuable citizen and 
a life-long member of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he was a lay preacher, 
and to the support of which he contributed liberally. Of his children but two survive. 
Henry J. and Miss Sarah Child, the latter a retired teacher, who was for many years 
associated with the schools of Red Bank. Of the deceased children Joseph Child 
attained local prominence through his active identification with the interests of the 
Democratic party, by which he was elected to various offices, including those of town- 
ship clerk, county committeeman and judge of elections. 

Henry J. Cliild received his initial schooling in England, and this was supple- 
mented by home study at Red Bank. .•\s a youth he found employment in the general 
store of John Hubbard, with whom he remained for seven years. For a few years 
thereafter he was engaged in mercantile pursuits in New York City. In 1861, in con- 
nection with his brother Joseph, he established a bakery at Red Bank, his personal 
connection tlierewith ceasing at the expiration of two years. The business thus estab- 
lished is still conducted by the members of his brother's family. For a number of years 
Henry J. Child conducted a stationery and fancy goods business at Red Bank. In 
1881 he was elected to the office of justice of the peace, which he has held continu- 
ously by re-election ever since, save during the year 1900. when by reason of his in- 
cumbency as a member of the board of elections he was incapacitated from filling the 
office of justice. He married, in 1868, Margaret, daughter of William Palmer, who was 





<^r^^^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 201 

for ten years justice of the peace at Red Bank, and vvlio now resides in Missouri. Mrs. 
Child died June 30, i8g8, leaving three children, Mrs. Marietta Hughes, widow of Joseph 
Hughes ; Clara B., wife of Robert Rocap, of Bridgeton. New Jersey ; and Anna, wife 
of Satterlee Arnold, of Newark, New Jersey. Mr. Child was a member of Navcsink 
Lodge, No. 39, I. O. O. F., of which he filled all the offices. 



HOWARD W. PHILLIPS. M. D. 

Prominent in professional circles in Perth .Amboy. New Jersey, esteemed in every 
relation of life, and identified with educational movements in his locality, is Dr. 
Howard W. Phillips, who is also a veteran officer of the Civil war. His birth was in 
Brooklyn, New York, on July 24, 1837, and he was a son of Henry Miller and Jane 
Elizabeth (Howard) Phillips. 

The Phillips family is of English origin and. with the Howard family, was one 
of the oldest to locate in eastern New York. Tliere was a time when the Howard 
family owned all the land extending from Bedford to Jamaica avenues in Brooklyn, 
and a portion of this land is now included in Evergreen cemetery, and in this beauti- 
ful spot reposes the remains of Whitehead Howard, our subject's maternal grand- 
father, with his wife, tw'o sons, and two daughters. 

Henry Miller Phillips, vv'ho was the father of our subject, was born on the 
old homestead farm in Dutchess county. New York, and there spent his boyhood and 
early manhood, but he subsequently removed to the city of New Y'ork. His loyal spirit 
made him a soldier under General Worth, in the Mexican war, and during the Civil 
war he was attached to the staff of General Slocum as a veterinary surgeon. This 
profession he followed in private life. After the close of the Civil war he went to 
California, and subsequently removed to Illinois, but later returned to his native 
state, locating in Bath, Steuben county, where he died at the advanced age of ninety 
years. Two children were born to him and his wife, namely : Howard W. and 
Henrietta, the latter dying at the age of sixteen years. 

Howard W. Phillips acquired his primary education in Clinton Street Academy, in 
Brooklyn, under the tuition of the late distinguished Dr. Bigelow, prepared for Co- 
lumbia College, at which he graduated in 1S58, and entered immediately upon the 
study of medicine in the old College of Physicians and Surgeons, which is now 
the medical department of Columbia College, and he graduated at this institution 
in 1868. 

At the outbreak of the Civil war Dr. Phillips entered the army in Company E, 
Thirteenth New York Militia, and after completing his term of service, re-enlisted 
in the First Long Island regiment, known as the Sixty-seventh New York, and in 
this regiment he served as second lieutenant until 1862, when he left this regiment 
to accept a captain's commission in Company F„ One Hundred and Thirty-ninth New 
York Regiment, which was formed in Brooklyn ; and with this well-known regiment of 
brave men he served until 1864. when he was discharged at McGredy, Williamsburg, 
Virginia, on account of disability, and returned home. 

After a tedious convalescence. Dr. Phillips resumed his medical studies and 
graduated, as mentioned previously, in 1868. During the latter part of 1868 he served 
as an interne in the Charity hospital on Blackwell Island, and in the fall of 1869 he 
began the regular practice of his profession in Brooklyn, his old home, and became 
a successful mcinber of the profession in that city for eleven years. Desiring a 
change and rest from the trying life of the physician, our subject removed to a farm 



202 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

near Middletown, Orange county. New York, where he engaged in farming for a 
year and then went to Providence, Rhode Island, where he spent one year in prac- 
tice. In 1883 Dr. Philhps located in Penh Amboy, New Jersey, and since that date 
has been actively engaged, has built up a successful business, and has become one 
of the esteemed citizens. His long army experience, although not in the medical 
line, gave him opportunities which interested him in his chosen work, and since then 
he has steadily progressed along the lines of latest discovery in medicine and surgery. 
The Doctor is a reflective reader and a close student and has been appointed medical 
examiner for the Catholic Benevolent Legion, his known skill and ability having 
gained for him universal confidence. Dr. Phillips is connected with the U. S. Grant 
Post, G. A. R., of Brooklyn. 

Dr. Phillips was married in Brooklyn. New York, to Miss Philemon Clavel, who 
was a daughter of Joseph and Adel Clavel. 



THOMAS F. ZETTLEMOYER. 

Thomas F. Zettlemoyer, the efficient postmaster and capable and obliging station 
agent for the New Jersey Central Railroad at Sewaren. Middlesex county. New 
Jersey, was born at Lenhartsville, Berks county, Pennsylvania. 

The education of Mr. Zettlemoyer was acquired in the schools of Watsontown, 
Pennsylvania, and after completing his studies, he learned telegraphy, entering the 
offices of the Western Union Company at that place. 

Afterwards our subject entered the service of the New Jersey Central Railroad at 
Carteret, as station master and telegraph operator, and remained there until 1884, 
when he was transferred to Sewaren and has so conducted th; business that he has 
gained the confidence and esteem of the officials of the road, as well as the high 
regard of the public. On May 7, 1897, he was appointed postmaster and still efficiently 
fills that position, with entire satisfaction to the residents of the village. 

The marriage of Mr. Zettlemoyer took place at Carteret, on June 4, 1885, to 
^liss Lena Zinck, who' was a daughter of George and Mary Zinck. and two children 
have been born to this union, viz.: Hattie and Walter F. Our subject is fraternally 
connected with American Lodge, No. 83. Masonic, of Woodbridge ; Woodbridge Coun- 
cil, R. A. ; and both he and his wife are devout and valued members of ths Episcopal 
churcli. 

<» « » — ■ 

CHARLES P. WHITE. 

Charles P. White, the respected postmaster of Avon, New Jersey, was born on a 
farm situated about three miles west of Avon, Monmouth county, New Jersey, March 
13, 1836. He gained his education in the public school located near his birthplace. 
Farming has occupied his attention almost exclusively; his entire life has been spent 
in and about the place of his birth, with the exception of ten years, one year of 
which time was spent in the state of Connecticut, and nine years in the state of 
North Dakota. He returned to his -native state in 1894, and in 1897 permanently 
settled in Avon. His appointment as postmaster was received during the late Presi- 
dent McKinley's first term, and in 1901 he was re-appointed by him. Mr. White's 
political views arc Republican, and while not a politician, he is keenly alive to the 
interests of his party. He has connected himself with the First ^lethodist Protestant 
church of Avon, of which he is an honored member. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 203 

He was united in marriage on April 3rd, i860, to Miss Catherine E. Davison ; 
their children now living are as follows : William P. White, born February 27, 1861 ; 
Olive M., born November 2, 1862, now the wife of John Thompson of Avon; Irene, 
born March 7, 1865. the wife of George Harrison, now residing at Humeville, Penn- 
sylvania ; Samuel D., born September 23, 1867, now a resident of Portland, Oregon ; 
Minnie, born March 5, 1872, the wife of Albert Hanson, residing in Wells county. 
North Dakota ; and Charles E. White and Katharine E. White, born January 9, 
1877, died March 7, 1877. 



FREDERICK DEY CLAYTON. 

Frederick Dey Clayton, the well known station agent at Avon, New Jersey, came 
into the world at !Manalapan, Monmouth county. New Jersey, on November 5. i86g, 
and is the son of William V. and Elizabeth B. (Tilton) Clayton. He was educated 
at the public schools in the vicinity of his home. Believing that a better field would 
open up for him in the commercial world were he to become master of some par- 
ticular line of work, in 1886 he undertook to learn telegraphy. After devoting him- 
self to studying for one year he was given charge of an office on the Amboy division 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad ; from this he was transferred at various times to Potts- 
wood, Riverside, Branchport and Belmar, and lastly to .'\von. where he located in 
1890. and at which place he is now serving as station agent. The Clayton family, 
of which our subject is a descendant, is one of the oldest in Monmouth county. Over 
two hundred years ago his forefathers, coming to the new world in search of a 
larger liberty and nobler manhood, settled in the county that has known them so 
favorably ever since. 

As young as he is, Mr. Cla\-ton has already served three terms on the .\von 
borough council, showing that he is a man whose opinion is valued by his fellow- 
citizens. His political affiliations are with the Democrat'c party, and he is ever prompt 
to serve its interests whenever opportunity offers. He belongs to United Lodge, I. O. 
O. F.. No. 199, of Belmar, New Jersey. 

His marriage to Miss Jennie E. Snyder, daughter of William and Louise Snyder, 
was celebrated on November 17, 1891. Their children are: Norma Shaw, born May 
4, 1894, and Edward Carroll, born February 8, igor. 



JOHN STEVENSON. 



Numbered among the most useful and most public spirited citizens of the thriv- 
ing town of Point Pleasant, is Mayor John Stevenson, wliose effort has been actively 
devoted to the advancement of its interests from the time he became one of its 
residents. 

He is a native of Scotland, born in Edinburgh. February 4, 1859. His parents 
were Walter Scott and Margaret Glass Stevenson, and his father was a member of the 
same family of which was George Stevenson, the great engineer, who performed 
such monumental work in railway and bridge building in Breat Britain three-quarters 
of a century ago. Walter Scott Stevenson came to the United States in 1864, bringing 
with him his little family. He located first in Baltimore and then in Philadelphia, 
where he worked at his trade as a bookbinder for the firm of J. S. Lever. His chil- 
dren were Margaret, Elizabeth, John, Nellie, Alexander and Walter. He died in 



204 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

1888. at the age of seventy-three years, surviving his wife, who died in 1884, aged 
sixty-three years. 

John Stevenson, oldest son in this family, was five years of age when his parents 
came from Scotland, and his entire education was necessarily American. His boy- 
hood was passed in farm labor in the vicinity of Bordentown, New Jersey. He subse- 
quently engaged in railroading, and displayed such aptitude in that line, that in 1882, 
when he took up his residence in Point Pleasant, New Jersey, he was placed in charge 
of the engine house of the New Jersey Central Railroad Company, in the capacity 
of foreman, and he has served uninterruptedly as such until the present time, a 
period of more than twenty years. 

Deeply imbued with a feeling of pride in the town which is his home, and having 
an accurate mechanical conception of conditions and necessities, he has devoted his 
effort in promoting the advantages of Point Pleasant and to making it an ideal resi- 
dential spot. Particularly for the past twelve years he has actively aided every im- 
portant public enterprise, and some of the most important owe their inception to him. In 
1900 the people, in recognition of his valuable services, and in order to enable him 
to still further advance desirable enterprises which he had in mind, elected him to 
the mayoralty, and his worth and popularity were attested by the fact that he re- 
ceived a majority of fifty-five in a poll of one hundred and seventy-seven votes — very 
nearly two votes to one as between himself and the opposing candidate. He had 
previously served for eight years as a member of the town council, and for one 
term as commissioner of appeals, and in his new position he undertook to carry out 
more thorough development of the sewer and water systems. In this he was en- 
tirely successful, he having succeeded in securing an appropriation of $100,000 for 
the purpose, and the work which he effected has served to place Point Pleasant in 
the front rank of seaside resorts as regards sanitation • and its accompanying ad- 
vantages. 

Mayor Stevenson is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, of Wall Lodge, 
No. 7z, F. & A. M., of the Knights of the Golden Eagle, and of the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Firemen. He was married to Miss Martha A. Ferguson, a daughter of 
William Ferguson, of Mount Pleasant. Four children have been born of this mar- 
riage : Frances, Walter, Eva and William. 



MICHAEL BRADY. 



Michael Brady, who resides in Woodbridge town.ship, Middlesex county, is of 
Irish parentage; his parents, Terrance and Rose (MicGuire) Brady, were natives of 
Ireland and crossed the Atlantic to America in 1861, locating at Bayonne City, New 
Jersey, where they both died, the father at the age of ninety-three and the mother 
when seventy-four years of age. Michael Brady was born March 17, 1828, in Ire- 
land, and there he received his early education. When twenty-three years of age he 
came to America, locating at Easton. Pennsylvania, where he worked at railroad 
building. So faithfully did he labor that he soon became a railroad contractor, and 
for forty-five years pursued this occupation. He has built railroads in many of the 
states of the Union, and for a number of years engaged in the manufacture of nitro- 
glycerine and giant pow-der, which he used in the construction of railroads, .\fter 
successfully carrying on this business he finally settled on a farm near Carteret. 
Woodbrige township, where he now resides. From this farm lie produces mostly 
hay. He has also for nearly eight years been engaged in the ice business, the ice 
being cut from a lake which is on his farm property, and it is sold in Carteret. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 205 

Michael Brady was joined in marriage on the 14th of August, 1854, to Catli- 
erine Fox, by whom he had eight children, namely : Rosanna : Terrance ; Charles ; 
Bridget; Michael, born 1869, died 1902; Mary; Catherine; and Thomas. 

Politically, Mr. Brady is a loyal Democrat, always casting his ballot for the men 
supported by this party, and is also a consistent member of St. Joseph Catholic 
church at Carteret. He has been honored with the office of justice of the peace of 
W'oodbridge township, which position he held for five years. He was also elected 
overseer of the highways, and all the duties pertaining to these offices were per- 
formed by him with promptness and fidelity, thus winning to him the confidence and 
commendation of his fellow citizens. Mr. Brady is a bright, intelligent man. with a 
ready sympathy and a hearty good-will that have made for him many friends in the 

community. 

♦-•-♦ 

HENRY L.\KE. 

Henry Lake is a descendant of the Long Island branch ijf the family of that name 
who emigrated to this country from Stockholm, Sweden, and settled in Long Island 
and South Jersey. Four Methodist Episcopal clergymen of the Methodist Episcopal 
conference of New Jersey are members of the New Jersey branch of the same 
family. Joseph Lake, grandfather of Henry Lake, lived at Green Grove farm, and 
participated in the Mexican war. He was a member of the artillery, and Henry 
Lake, our subject, when only eight years old, remembers the last celebration of the 
battle of Monmouth, when his grandfather charged with the same gun he used 
forty-seven years before. He was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Van Mater, and 
they reared a large family of children. 

Joseph Lake, father of Henry Lake, resided at Freehold, New Jersey. He was 
a carpenter by trade, but at the breaking out of the war, he joined the Fourteenth 
Regiment of New Jersey, and was appointed corporal. He participated in many en- 
gagements and was struck by a bullet, which necessitated his removal to the Queens 
Street hospital, Alexandria. Virginia. He was killed in 186.3 at the battle of Mine 
Run, when he was only forty-six years old. He bore an excellent record while in 
the service of his country. He was joined in marriage to Miss Lydia Megill. daiigh- 
• ter of Joseph Megill, of Farmingdale, New Jersey, and the following named chil- 
dren have been born to them: Henry; Catherine Louise; Harris Stillwell, of Brook- 
lyn; John and Emma, who reside at Farmingdale. The mother of these children 
passed away in 1881, at the age of sixty-two years. 

Henry Lake, oldest son of Joseph and Lydia Lake, was born at Freehold. New 
Jersey, September 15, 1846. He learned the trade of baker at Freehold and New 
York, and worked as a journeyman baker for three years; he then started in business 
for himself at Farmingdale, and four years later he removed to Freeport and worked 
for one year ; he then went to Brooklyn and remained one year ; in 1874 he came to 
Ocean Grove, two years later went' to Trenton, and finally located in .\sbury Park, 
where he built two baking shops under one roof; the building has a frontage of 
one hundred feet. He has the best trade in the village, and his business extends to 
Point Pleasant and Red Bank. He gives employment to ten people. 

Mr. Lake is a member of the Masons, Asbury Lodge, No 142; Corson Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, and the Royal Arcanum. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church of Aslniry Park until that organization went out of existence, 
when he joined the First Methodist Episcopal church, and acts in the capacity of 
steward. He also takes a great intcreit in the library and Sunday school attached 



2o6 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

to the church. He has been a church member since he was seventeen years of age, 
and in fact there is a strong religious tendency among all the members of the family. 
On November 24, 1869, Mr. Lake was united in marriage to Miss A. Irons, daugh- 
ter of Cornelius Irons, of Toms River, New Jersey. Three children have been born 
to them, namely : Theodore, deceased ; Minnie, wife of William H. Patterson, a resi- 
dent of Asbury Park; their child, Willard L. Pa'.terson, is employed as an inspector in 
the post office department; and William A. Lake, who married Georgia Reynolds; they 
reside at Asbury Park, New Jersey. 



GEORGE D. RUNYON. 



Few men are more prominent or more widely known in the enterprising city of 
Perth Amboy than George D. R-unyon. He is an important factor in business circles 
and his popularity is well deserved, as in him are embiaced the characteristics of an 
unbending integrity, unabating energy, and industry that never flags. He is public 
spirited and thoroughly interested in whatever tends to promote the moral, intel- 
lectual and material welfare of the city of his residence, belonging to that class of 
representative American citizens who, while promoting their individual success, also 
advance the general prosperty. 

Mr. Runyon was born in New Brunswick. New Jersey, February 7, 1854, and 
represents a family of French Huguenots whO' at an early period in the development 
of this country sought homes within its borders. The great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject was Reuben Runyon, and his son, Vincent Runyon, was the grandfather. He 
married Asenath Buckelew, and both were lifelong residents of Middlesex county, 
New Jersey. John Runyon, the father of our subject, was born in New Brunswick, 
this state, March 21, 1824, and there spent his entire life, engaged in business as a 
shipwright. He was also one of the directors of the Mutual Fire Insurance Com- 
pany and was prominent in public affairs relating to the administration of the city 
government and to the public progress and improvement. He served for two terms 
as city alderman and was also one of the water commissioners. He voted with the 
Democracy and did all in his power to extend the influence of his partj-. He was 
also a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he served as a trustee, 
and in the faith of that denomination he died, in July, 1892. His first wife bore the 
maiden name of Amelia Oram, and died in 1854. There were three children by that 
marriage, but our subject is the only one living, the other two having died in child- 
hood. For his second wife Mr. Runyon chose Anna Beck, who still survives him. 
Their children were: Ann Amelia, the wife of George W. Outcalt; W. Parker; 
Frank K. ; John B. ; May F. ; and Theodore V. 

George D. Runyon obtained his education in the public schools of New Brunswick, 
and in the Newark Business College, after which he learned the shipwrigbt's trade, 
eventually succeeding his father in that line of business. In 1880 he removed his busi- 
ness to Perth Amboy and conducted the enterprise successfully until 1802, when he 
extended the field of his labors by engaging in the lumber business. The following 
year he sold his shipwright business and has since given his attention exclusively to 
dealing in lumber and building materials as a member of the Farmington-Runyon 
Company. Their patronage has steadily increased in volume and importance and their 
trade is now extensive and profitable. 

On the 29th of April, 1879, M""- Runyon was married to Melvenia Lewis, daugh- 
ter of William W. Lewis of New Brunswick, and they now have six children : Lewis 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 207 

P., born March 3. 1880; Cornelia, born May 11, 18S1, and died November 29, 18S6; 
Harry H., born March 2, 1885; Helen M., bom June 22, 1893; Ruth A., born August 
3, 1895; and G. Vincent, born October 31, 1897. Through his social and fraternal re- 
lations Mr. Runyon is connected with Good Will Council, Junior Order American Me- 
chanics and Middlesex Council, Royal Arcanum. He and his wife, also their sons, 
Parker and Harry, hold membership in the Simpson Me hodist Episcopal church, in 
which he is treasurer and trustee, and in its work he is deeply and actively interested. 
He exercises his right of franchise in support of the Democracy, but takes no 
part in political work. In business he is energetic, prompt, and notably reliable, fully 
meeting every obligation and gaining success through honorable business methods and 
untiring industry, which qualities also insure him the confidence and regard of his 
fellowmen. 

*—-* 

ALONZO L. GRACE. 

Alonzo L. Grace, who is engaged in the real estate and insurance business in 
South Amboy. New Jersey, and is also serving as justice of the peace, is one of the 
representative citizens and reliable business men of the county. He is a son of 
Tobias and Jennie (Kelly) Qrace, and was born in the city which is still his home 
on the 7th of November, 1877. He pursued his education in the public schools and 
after laying aside his text books entered the service of the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company in the steamboat department, where he was continuously employed until 
July, 1895, when he became associated with his father in the real' estate and insurance 
business under the firm name of T. & .\. L. Grace. This business relationship was 
maintained until the death of the senior partner, since which time Mr. Grace has 
been alone. He also conducts a butchering business and has a good trade in his 
market, at the same time having a large clientage as a real estate agent. In business 
circles he is well known as a reliable, energetic and resolute man, and is enjoying 
success as the years pass by, his prosperity being the reward of his own labors. 

Socially Mr. Grace is connected with Sterling Castle, No. 50, Knights of the 
Golden Eagle, and also belongs to the South Amboy Yacht Club, of which he is 
rear commodore. He is local treasurer and secretary of the Metropolitan Loan and 
Savings .Association, and is serving in two positions of public trust, having been 
appointed justice of the peace in March. 1901, while in April of the same year he 
became borough recorder. He is a public spirited citizen, deeply interested in the 
welfare and progress of the community and this fact insures the faithful performance 
of his duties. 1 

It will be interesting in this connection to note something of the family of which 
our subject is a representative. His father, Tobias Grace, was one of the leading 
and honored residents of South .\mboy. and was born in St. Peter's Place, now Church 
.street, New York, January 4. 1848. His father, Tobias Grace, Sr., was a native of 
Castlecomer, Ireland, and in 1830 came to this country, where he died in 1852, his 
wife surviving him until 1862. Their only child, Tobias Grace, completed his edu- 
cation in Columbia College and afterward traveled extensively in Europe with his un- 
cle. John Just, of New York. Subsequently lie learned tlie trade of a morocco finisher 
and then became a salesman in that line of business. In 1872 he located in South 
Amboy and entered the employ of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company as a clerk in 
a freight office, remaining in this employ until 1878. when he was appointed general 
agint of the New Brunswick, Amboy & New York Steamboat Company, filling that 
position with marked ability for ten years. He filled the office of justice of the peace 



2o8 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

from 1888 up to the time of his death. About 1885 he engaged in the real estate 
and insurance business, which he conducted successfully, handling much valuable 
property and conducting many important real estate transactions. 

His fellow townsmen, recognizing his worth and ability, frequently called him 
to public office. He held several positions of prominence in the community, in all 
of which he exhibited great care and conscientiousness in the discharge of the duties 
assigned to him. In i88g he was appointed police justice and efficiently filled that 
position until 1895, and during that period he also served as coroner. He was a 
member of the board of trustees and clerk of school district No. 39 for several 
years, and was secretary of the South Amboy Star Building and Loan Association, 
proving an officer well suited to the requirements of the position. His ability as an 
accoimtant, coupled with his care and patience, made him a valued and highly appre- 
ciated official in both these institutions. He was greatly interested in the fire de- 
partment of the borough and was connected with Steamer Protection, filling the 
olfice of foreman and later that of chief of the department. He was also a 
member of the Firemen's Relief Association 

For many years Mr. Grace held membership in General Morgan Lodge, No. 96, 
L O. O. F. ; Lady Grace Lodge, No. 27, of the Rebekah degree ; and of Monmouth 
Encampment, No. 51, L O. O. F., of Keyport. He likewise belongs to Seneca Tribe, 
No. 23, L O. R. M., of South Amboy ; Ilanthe Council, No. 6, D. P. ; Sterling Castle, 
No. 50, K. G. E. ; Banner Temple, No. 8, Ladies of the Order of the Golden Eagle, of 
New ]3runs\vick. New Jersey; Columbia Castle, No. 242, K. G. R. of South Amboy; 
and he hcid membership at large in the order of Chosen Friends and Seneca Lodge, 
No. 23^, of the Haymakers' Associ.ition. In all of these fraternities he was promi- 
nent, having served in the state bodies, and although these duties necessarily occupied 
much of his time, it was always a pleasure to him to give it. He kept well informed 
on current events and was ever ready to give his opinion on questions of importance 
at home and abroad. He took a great interest in aquatic sports, was a memlier of 
'.he South .Amboy Yacht Club and was instrumental in securing the ground on which 
the club house is built. 

On the 4th of October, 1870, Mr. Grace was united in marriage to Miss Jennie 
Kelly, of Fairview, Bergen county. New Jersey, which place was settled by her an- 
cestors — members of the Engle family. This happy union was blessed with five chil- 
dren : Frank ; Charles T. ; Maggie Belle, the wife of W. A. Applegate ; Alonzo L. ; 
and Ruth. Mr. Grace was a communicant of the Christ Episcopal -church: He was 
a worthy citizen, whose interest in all matters was evinced by an unselfish spirit, and 
by intelligent and honest efforts in behalf of everything that he believed would con- 
tribute to the general good. He died on Wednesday, April 28, igoo, and during his 
prolonged illness was tenderly cared for by his devoted wife and children, who antici- 
pated his every want in administering to his comfort. In his death they lost a loving 
husband and devoted father, who throughout his married life jound his greatest hap- 
piness in promoting the interests of his wife and children. 



WILLIAM SMITH BROWER, Jr. 

One of the most successful truck gardeners and fruit growers of Raritan town- 
ship, Monmouth county, New Jersey, is William S. Brower, Jr., who lives near 
Keyport. on a valuable farm which is under a high slate of cultivation, a brief sketch 
of whose antecedents and active career it is intended to give in this connection. 









Mn><^^-t^^ 




HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 209 

William S. Brower. Jr., is a son of William S. and Fannie (Walling) Brower, 
and was born in Raritan township. February 8, 1864. His father was born in the same 
township March 21, 1840. and died there May 20, 1897. ami his mother was born in 
the same neighborhood May 27^ 1842, and lives on her late husband's homestead. 
William S. Brower, Sr., who was a successful farmer and a zealous member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church of Keansburg. was a prominent citizen of much public 
spirit. His wife bore him three children, as follows: His daughter, Mary E., lives 
with his widow; his daughter. Anna L.. is the wife of Captain William Brown, owner 
and manager of several vessels which are employed in coastwise trade ; his son, Will- 
iam S. Brower, Jr., is the immediate subject of this sketch. 

William S. Brower, Jr., is a Democrat and is the present incumbent of the office 
of school district clerk in his township. He is a member of Monmouth Encampment, 
No. 51, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of the Junior Order of the United 
American Mechanics and of the Daughters of Liberty of the State of New Jersey. 
He and his wife are zealous and active members of the Methodist Episcopal church 
at Keyport. He was married July 5, 1885, to Miss Sarah A. Rogers, of Keyport, 
who was born November 23. 1866, a daughter of Luther R. and Abigal (Hendrick- 
son) Rogers. The Browers and Hendricksons are descended from early Dutch- 
Holland immigrants, who located in New Jersey among the pioneer settlers, as is set 
forth more fully in biographical and genealogical sketches which give interest to other 
pages of this work. Mr. and Mrs. Brower have had eight children, the following 
named six of whom are living: Mary E., born March 19, 1886; Sadie A., 'born Au- 
gust 6. 1888; William \V., born January 18. 1891 ; Frank S., born August i, 1893; 
George L., born May 25, 1896; and Charles P., born July 19, 1900. 



WILLL\M BURDGE. 



Among the finely cultivated .farms that beautify the banks of the Manasquan 
river in Brick township. Ocean county, is that owned and operated by William 
Burdge, who ranks among the leading agriculturists in this portion of the community. 
He is the eldest of a family of five children who claimed Ocean county as the place 
of their birth, of whom three are now living. The parents, Hugh and Lydia (Stout) 
Burdge, were also natives of Ocean county, but the father earned his livelihood on 
the water. He was part owner of a vessel which he sailed out of Barnegat bay to 
various points of interest along the coast where his business took him. 

William Burdge was born April 10, 1824, and was reared and educated in his 
native county, Ocean. His entire life has been spent in agricultural pursuits. During 
his boyhood days he became thoroughly acquainted with the work on the farm, 
learning lessons of thrift, industry and perseverence. which have served him in good 
stead during his later life. His farm shows the evidences of the teaching received 
and the habits formed in earlier life, for the buildings thereon are all substantially 
"built, the fields are under a high state of cultivation, and the implements and equip- 
ments with which he carries on his work are of modern construction and design. His 
crops are abundant and his stock of a high grade, all of which indicate that a man 
of ability and experience directs and oversees the operations of the farm. Mr. Burdge 
has been the owner of this property since 1878. upon which he has erected the com- 
fortable residence and outbuildings which now stand as monuments to his care and 
indefatigable labor. For his bravery and daring Mr. Burdge is widely known, for in 
the year 1846, when the vessel John Minturn was wrecked, he eagerly' gave his as- 
14 



2IO HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

sistance in bringing to shore and in caring for those who had escaped death and 
those who perished in the storm. He was also an eye witness of the wreck of the 
schooner Alabama from Philadelphia, to which no aid could be given, as the sea 
ran so high that no boat could be put from the shore. 

William Burdge was joined in marriage in 1848 to Miss Jane Havens, a daughter 
of Aaron and Jemima Havens. They were the parents of five children, three of 
whom are now living, namely: Charles, born in 1856; Aaron, born in 1859; and Mary 
E., born in 1853. The two sons are actively engaged in the manufacture of first-class 
brick and are very successful. They are both married, Charles Burdge having wedded 
in 1885 Miss Sarah Estell, by whom three children were born, only one of whom is 
living, namely: Joseph E. Aaron Burdge was joined in marriage in 1881 to Miss 
Ada R. Murry. Their children are : Jennie, Carrie, Raymond, Arthur, Vernon, Rose, 
and Selma. The family of William Burdge is highly respected, of cultivated tastes 
and refinement, and show plainly the inherent qualities of intelligence, honesty, and in- 
tegrity, an inheritance of far greater worth than mere worldly possessions, and Ocean 
county is proud to name this family as one of its residents. 



WINFIELD MAURER. 



Winfield Maurer, proprietor of a popular hotel in Keyport. Monmouth county. 
New Jersey, was born in that village. His parents were Joseph and Catherine (Gchres) 
Maurer, both natives of Germany, who made their home in Keyport, where the 
father died. 

The son, Winfield Maurer, was educated in the local schools. He was brought 
up to the hotel business and has conducted an establishment of that character during 
his entire active life. He is a member of the Keyport \'ohmteer Fire Department, 
and of various social organizations. 



PETER NAPOLEON ROHRBACH. 

Prominent among the worthy German-.\merican citizens of Woodbridge, New 
Jersey, is Peter Napoleon Rohrbach. who is one of the leading business men of this 
city. He was born in Rinbyer, Province of Bavaria. Germany, on November 14, 1838, 
and he was a son of Peter and Margaret Rohrbacli. While our subject was but a 
child, his parents emigrated to the United States and located in the city of New 
York. There Peter was afforded most excellent educational facilities, after which he 
engaged in various occupations to enable him to take care of himself and be no bur- 
den to any one. 

In 1858 Mr. Rohrbach located in Woodbridge, which at that time was but. a 
small village, and for the succeeding five years was engaged in carrying clay, bricks, 
etc., by boat to New York, later returning to the metropolis, where he remained 
until 1871. In June of that year our subject returned to his present home and estab- 
lished himself in the hotel business, conducting the same very successfully for a 
period of four years, but later, in iSfo. went into the bottling business and has so con- 
tinued since that time. 

The marriage of Mr. Rohrbach to VVilhelmina Henklenian took place in New 
York on March 5, 1863. She was a native of Saxony. Germany, and to this union these 
children were born: Louis, who died in childhood; Minnie, who died in ch'ldhood; 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 211 

Louisa, deceased; George; William; Edward, deceased: Emma, who is the wile of 
F, W, Bohlcn; and Lilian S. 

Our subject is a member of Warren Lodge, No. 84. L O, O. F., of New York; 
Chirovsky Lodge, Knights of Honor of New York; Rahway Grove, No. 12, Druids; 
and the Union German Benevolent Association of Woodbridge. The family are at- 
tendants of the Presbyterian Church, to which Mr. Rohrbach is a generous contributor, 
and where he is held in high esteem. 



HARRISON MATHEWS, 

A highly respected citizen of Soutliard, Monmouth county, is Harrison Mathews, 
a young and enterpribing mechanic, who was born in the place in which he now re- 
sides, on the 4th day of June, 1862. He is a son of Ivins and Ruth A. (Johnson) 
Mathews, who followed the pursuit of agriculture and were steady, industrious peo- 
ple. The family consisted of five children, four of whom are now living, namely: 
Gecrgcanna, Lavina, Joseph R., and Harrison. 

Harrison Mathews received his early education in the common schools of his 
native town, end in his boyhood was taught the trade of carpet weaving, which 
business he has followed *he greater part of his life. In connection with this trade 
he deals in box lumber, feed, shingles, and is engaged in bee culture to some extent. 
He has been vi ry successful in this line, his honey being of superior quality and al- 
ways finding a ready market at the best stores in Lakewood, New Jersey, Born with 
the natural qualificatior.s of a mechanic, he has followed this branch of trade also, 
becoming very experienced in this work. .^.11 the machinery necessary to the conduct 
of his business is set up and operated with his own hands, and in its workmanship 
is a model of neatness and perfection. He docs all his own building and repairing 
necessary in his establishment, and everything about the place indicates the thrift 
and ability of the owner. 

In 1893 Mr. Mathews was joined in marriage to Miss .A.nnie Wight, a daugh- 
ter of William and Sarah Wight, and she has been to him a faithful and helpful 
companion in his life's work. Mr. Mathews has always been interested in the welfare 
and progress of his community, and lends his aid in the support of any movements 
which tend toward its advancement. For six years he held the position of constable, 
and discharged his duties with promptness and ability, thus winning the confidence 
of his friends. Socially he is identified with the Junor Order of United American 
Mechanics, of which he is past commander, and also Imlds membership with ihe 
Independent Order of Red Men. He has always led an upright, honorable life, and 
enjoys the respect and confidence of many friends in Monmouth county. 



J, HERBERT W.\RDELL. 

Every day acts as a test of men's characters. One of the greatest tests of char- 
acter is opportunity; even though a man be born in obscure circumstances, if he learns 
to grasp the small opfKjrtunities as they one by one present themselves, he will find 
them stepping stones to a goal of which perhaps he has scarcely dreamed. Many men 
are accounted failures in life because of an ambition which has made them look high 
above their heads in search of the great opportunity that shall at once launch them into 



212 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

positions of power, ihus failing to see the little thing-;, which if taken as they come 
would more certainly lead them to the height of their ambition. 

J. Herbert Wardell, the son of Henry and Elizabeth (Herbert) Wardell, was 
born May i6, 1838. at Long Branch, Monmouth county, New Jersey. In him we 
find one who, while surrounded by no great opportun'.ties for intellectual devel- 
opment, yet quietly pursued the small duties of every day life, which he performed 
faithfully and' well, and took quick advantage of everthing that ofifered a wider range 
for his latent capabilities. . During his school days and for some years after complet- 
ing his education, he assisted his father in the cultivation of his farm lands. At the 
age of eighteen years feeling the confines of the farm irksome, he -looked about for 
larger space in which to give rein to the energy and force pent up in his muscular 
frame; it was the most natural thing in the world that he should be attracted by the 
water, with whose broad expanse he has been familiar since childhood. He therefore 
launched out as a wholesale and retail dealer at Long Branch in fish. For twenty 
years the charm of the life held him. and then another avenue opening up for the en- 
listment of his enterprising energy, he opened a restaurant at Long Branch, which 
he successfully conducted for fourteen years. In 1830 his present house, well known 
as "Warden's Port-au-Peck Hotel," which is picturesquely situated opposte Pleasure 
Bay, New Jersey, was established for the entertainment of guests and the engaging 
in the specialtj' of New England clam bakes and the catering to private dinner parties, 
in which his siiccess has been more than ordinary. Sailing and fishing parties are 
also accommodated with every requisite their pleasure demands. His post office ad- 
dress is Long Branch, New Jersey. 

In politics Mr. Wardell adheres to the principles of the Republican party. On 
March 3, 1866, he w^as united in marriage to Miss Annie West. Their children are 
as follows : Ida L. and Edward E. The former married Richard Tyner, a decorator 
of New York City. Edward E. Wardell married Miss Kate, daughter of Mr. James 
White, plumber, of Long Branch. Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Wliite have three chil- 
dren: J. Herbert, Josephine G. and Anna E. Wardell. 



WALTER D. BROWN. 



One of the prosperous farmers of Matawan, New Jersey, is the subject of this 
sketch, Walter D. Brown. Mr. Brown was born on July 13, 1865, on the McKee 
farm, adjoining the estate of his grandfather, James E. Brown, which is located in 
Marlboro township, near the Middlesex county line. He is a son of Joel and Harriet 
(Van Cleef) Brown, Ixith natives of Marlboro. The Brown family have been resi- 
dents of Monmouth county for several generations, being well know-n and highly 
respected by their neighbors. The Van Cleef family also is among the very earliest 
settlers of this section, originating from a Holland-Dutch ancestry. The name ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work accompanied by a more detailed description. 

Walter D. Brown received his early education in the common schools of the 
town in which he was born and reared, and at a very youthful age began his career 
as a farmer. His long experience has made him a thorough and practical agricul- 
turist. His fine farm located near Freneau, recently purchased by him, is devoted 
entirely to the growing of fruit and asparagus. These specialties he is most success- 
ful in producing in their highest state of perfection, and for them he finds an ever 
ready market. 

Mr. Brown was married on December 28, 1877. to Georgianna Dexter, of ALtt.iwan. 
Mrs. Brown was born on March 28, 1864, and is a daughter of Charles and Sarah; 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 213 

(Maxsom) Dexter. Bolh her maternal and paternal ancestry dates back to the early 

settlers of this vicinity. Mr. and Mrs. Broun have two children, namely: Fauline 

A., born December 4, 1892, and Walter D., Jr.. born December 27, 1896. 

In politics Mr. Brown is a Democrat, and although interested and well informed 

as to matters of public interest, he does not take an active part in political affairs. 

Mr. Brown is affiliated with the Royal Arcanum, in which organization he is an 

esteeined member. The family are attendants of the Methodist Epi^^capal church at 

Matawan. 

♦ » » 

GARRETT IRONS LA COMPTE. 

Among the prosperous farmers of Howell township, Monmouth county, is Garrett 
I. La Compte, whose progressive methods of tilling the soil result in the production of 
excellent crops, whereby his income is materially increased each year! As the family 
name indicates, our subject is of French lineage. His grandfather. John La Compte, 
was a native of France, and during the colonial epoch in our country's history, crossed 
the broad sea to the new world. When the colonists took up arms, aroused by the 
oppression of the mother country, he joined the colonial forces and fought for American 
liberty. Locating at Toms River, he was there living when the English burned the 
town. He was a man of broad intelligence, and taught school in Monmouth county, 
giving instruction in several languages. Among his children was William La Compte, 
who was born at Toms River in 1779. and when about fifty years of age took up 
his abode in Howell township, Monmouth county, where he purchased three hundred 
acres of land. Much of this he placed under a high state of cultivation, while part 
of it is still owned by Garrett I. La Compte. The father was industrious and enter- 
prising and in his farming operations met with success. He lived an honest, upright 
life, commanded uniform respect and was a very popular and influential citizen. He 
married Elizabeth Applegate and they became the parents of ten children, but our 
subject is now the only surviving member of the family. 

Mr. La Compte of this review was born on the farm where he now resides, 
his natal day being August 21, 18,32. In his youth he became familiar through prac- 
tical experience with the work of fields and meadows, and was thus well prepared to 
carry on farming when he entered upon an independent business career. He owns 
one hundred and forty acres of rich land and the farm is productive and well kept. 
It is devoted to the cultivation of general produce and in its neat and thrifty appear- 
ance indicates the careful supervision of a progressive owner. 

^Ir. La Compte has been twice married. He first wedded Mi-s Lizzie Longstreet, 
and unto them were born five children : Deborah ; .^latilda ; William, Elizabeth, and 
Luhama, who have all passed away. For his second wife he chose Miss Margaret Still- 
well, and their union was blessed with five children: Esther, deceased; Franklin E, ; 
William ; Reuben .-X. : and Margaret, deceased. The eldest son. Franklin, married 
Miss Georgie Stokey, and they have two children, Clarence, born in 1896, and Ray- 
mond, born in 1898. 

In his political views Mr. La Compte is a Prohibitionist. He has held a number 
of township offices, including school trustee and overseer of the highways. He is a 
man whose influence is felt for good in the community. He holds membership in 
the Methodis' Episcopal church, of which he is a class leader. He has also been 
licensed to exhort, and makes good use of his talents for the advancemeiU of the 
cause which he represents. He has been superintendent of the Suiiday-scl'.onl and 
has filled many other off.ces of trust in the church. 



214 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

T. FRANK JOHXSON. 

One of the representative farmers of Jackson township, Ocean county, New Jersey, 
is J. Frank Johnson, who has successfully foUowe'l the pursuit of agriculture through- 
out his life. He was born at Point Pleasant, New Jersey, April l8, 1853, and is the 
youngest son of James and Mary A. (Irons) Johnson, who also devoted their lives to 
the duties of farm life. The parents were both natives of Ocean county, but later in 
life they removed to Bay Head, where they both passed away, the father August 4, 
1881, and his wife in 1.S83. They were the parents of nine children, seven of whom are 
now living. The maternal ancestors of our subject -were old settlers of Ocean county, 
and were numbered among the heroes of the Revolutionary war. The grandfather, 
Gilbert Irons, was born February 5, 1787, and his wife, '"Tacy" (Johnson) Irons, 
fir.st saw the light of day on the 4th of November, 1790. Unto this worthy couple 
were born nine children, as follows: Mary A., born December 30, 1809; Sarah, born 
February 17, iSii; Elizabeth, whose birth occurred November 24, 1812; Ivins, born 
September 11, 1814; Deborah, born October 6, 1818; James, born November 15, 1820; 
Hester A., born April 15. 1823; Daniel, whose birth occurred April 6, 1825; and Gil- 
bert, born February 4, 1827. 

In 1871 J. Frank Johnson chose for his wife Miss Hannah E. Brower, whose 
birth occurred June 22, 1851. She has been an able and faithful helpmate to him in 
his life's work, and is ihe mother of seven children, namely: James F., born June 24, 
1873; Maria, born December 17, 1874; Margaret A., born April 29, 1877; Martha. 
born February 22, 1879; Caroline, born January 19, 1882; Mary E., born September 
0, 1884; and Teresa E., born October 22. 1888. Mr. Johnson is a thoroughly upright 
and honorable man, whohas devoted his life to his family and his farm duties. He is 
the owner of a tract of sixty acres of rich la:id devoted to general farming and 
"truck." His farm has always yielded to him a bountiful reward for his care and 
labor, and in its appearance plainly indicates its owner to be a man of industry and 
ability. Mr. Johnson takes an active interest in the .welfare and development of his 
community, and is a member of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics, giv- 
ing his aid whenever possible to the advancement ot this organization. Mr. Johnson 
is a Republican politically, and the family attend the Methodist Episcopal church. 



WILLIAM HEXRY CARHART. 

History, here and there, records th.e lives of bright and enterprising men who 
have risen out of an almost impenetrable obscurity to positions of the highest dis- 
tinction. These are usually men who have commanded recognition through their 
superior intellectual force. How many who have achieved such brilliant successes, — 
as it were, climbing the ladder of progress and prosperity by sheer force of will, draw- 
ing themselves round by round up to tlie topmost point, — are ever credited with fight- 
ing the battle of life valiantly and well? They go their way quietly. unob:rusively, 
known only to a few intimates. Such a life can be accredited to the man who figures 
as the subject of this sketch. 

William H. Carhart, born in the obscure town of Holmdel, New Jersey, on July 
20, 1854, was reared and made the most of the educational advantages offered at Long 
Branch, New Jersey. Through conscientious industry and a determination to excel in 
whatever he undertook he worked his way from an apprentice in the horse-shoeing and 
carriage-building business to the proprietorship of one of the best regulated blacksmith 




■ffV"-' • --^^-nn 





HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 215 

shops and most reliable vehicle buiMing establishments in the state of New Jersey. He 
owns, controls and operates his niamu'acturing; plant, which is best known as the 
"Little Silver Carriage Factory." Being, himself, a practical mechanic, he supervises 
the construction work, permitting nothing but the best w-orknianship to pass from his 
place. The business which he now controls and which he entered in 1879, at the time 
he took up his residence in Little Silver, was formerly owned by R. B. Campbell, with 
whom Mr. Carhart serveo his apprenticeship, and in whose employ he remained con- 
tinuously, with the exception of a short period spent at Shrewsburj-, until he bought 
the business from Mr. Campbell. He associated with him in the new enterprise De Witt 
C. Hyer, operating under the firm name of Carhart & Hyer, which partnership contin- 
ued until January, 1901, when Mr. Carhart bought out his partner's interest, and now 
exercises entire control of the prosperous business. Many needed improvements have 
been added to the plant since his complete ownership. 

In the year 1884 three important events, vitally bearing upon Mr. Carhart's life. 
occurred : First, the aw'akening of his religious nature, resulting in his affiliation with 
the Methodist Episcopal church in the same year ; second, the close of his apprentice- 
ship ; and last, but not the least important, his marriage to Lena, daughter of Joseph 
and Hannah H. Brower. A few years after joining the Methodist Episcopal church, 
10 interested did he become in its work, that he often raised his voice in behalf of the 
truths in which he so firmly believed. In iSgg he was licensed as a local preacher by the 
Methodist Episcopal church at Little Silver, under the pastorate of Rev. J. W. Lee. 
Twelve of the seventeen years he has been a member of the church he has spent 
as a class-leader and local exhorter, endeavoring to direct others in the paths which 
to hiiTi have been so fruitful of conscious benefits. Mr. Carhart's parents were John 
and Mary Carhart — both highly respected by those with whom their lot was cast. 
The children born to Mr. Carhart and his faithful wife are as follows: Percy (de- 
ceased), Grace B., Lena, Esther and W. H., Jr. Mrs. Lena Carhart is a native of 
Shrewsbury, New Jersey. Mr. Carhart is an active member of the Jr. O. L^. A. M., in 
which he is held in high esteem. 



HAR\EV BROXXER. 



Harvey Bronner. one of the prominent business men of South Jersey, was born 
in Syracuse, Xew York. March 31, 1865, a son of Isadore Bronner. While Harvey 
Bronner was quite young, his parents removed to Louisville, Kentucky, where he 
received his education: subsequently he was employed as a clerk, remaining in that 
position until 1882, when he associated himself with his father in the millinery 
business. In the same year he removed to Keyport, New Jersey, and entered into 
business relations with Mr. .\. SaU in a general mercantile line : he continued in 
this until 1887, when he entered into his present association with Mr. John S. Hen- 
drick>on, in the general hardware, house furnishing and agricultural business. They 
occupy a commodious structure, consisting of three floors, its dimensions ninety by 
thirty-five feet, and they are carrying one of the largest and best equipped stocks in 
that line in South Jersey. 

Mr. Bronner is a past regent of Coronal Council, 1456, Royal Arcanum, past grand 
chaplain of the Lloyd Additional Benefit Association of the state of New Jersey, 
also past councillor Monmouth Council Xo. 80; he was one of the organizers of 
the state council of X'ew Jersey, and has served as Fenior warden of Caesarea Lodge, 
Free and .\ccepted Masons, X'o. 04. He also acts in the capacity of secretary of the 



2i6 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Keyport Engine Company, No. i. and he is a member of the fire police. In his poHtics 
he adheres to the principles of the Democratic party. 

Mr. Bronner was united in marriage to Miss Eva M. Sickels. daughter of E. 
M. Sickels, of Fairfield, Iowa. One child has been born unto them, Frances Berenice 
Bronner. 



GEORGE B. COHEX. 



George B. Cohen is the head of the well known firm of George B. Cohen & Sons. 
The latter are Nathan. Jacob and Julius Cohen. They arc the leading butchers and 
poultry dealers of Elberon, New Jersey. 

George B. Cohen was born in Germany, on October 29, 1850, and in 1865 emi- 
grated to this country, locating in New York City, where, with the exception of four 
years spent in Ohio, he has always had his interests. October 11, 1874, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Bella Weinstock, and their union has been blessed with the follow- 
ing children: Nathan. Jacob, Flora. Julius. Milton. Albert. Herbert, Jerome, Blanche 
and Charles, besides two who died in infancy. 

Mr. Cohen conducts a store at 862 Park avenue, in New York City, in which he 
does a thriving business. In 1895 he opened a place at Elberon, on a very moderate 
scale, living and doing business in what might well be termed a "shanty," the income 
from which was very meager during the first couple of years ; to-day, from this same 
source, his yearly net receipts are well up in the thousands, and, added to the income 
from his New York store, make a yearly revenue far in excess of his family require- 
ments, so that indications point to his accumulating quite a goodly competence. 

Mr. Cohen has recently purchased a plot of ground ninety by two hundred feet, 
situated on the corner of Pearl and Norwood avenues in Elberon. upon which he has 
built a fine shop and residence. He possesses right business principles and the wish to 
treat his customers fairly and squarely, which is the secret of his success in his several 
business enterprises. 



HON. IS\.\C A. VAN HISE. 

Hon. Isaac A. Van Hise. a prom.inent and influential resident of Lakewood, New 
Jersey, was born in Ocean county, March 7, 1825, and is the son of the late John and 
Sarah (Ashton) Van Hise. His early education was received in the common schools 
of his native county, where was laid the firm foundation for a useful and honorable 
career. When twenty-five years of age he removed to the settlement known as the 
Bricksburg Iron Company, now Lakewood. In 1850 he entered the employ of this 
company and has witnessed and materially contributed to the growth and develop- 
ment of the place. Through his natural intelligence and ability and the careful habits 
formed in early life, he steadily advanced his position in the company until he became 
an important adjunct to the firm. In 18.17. previous to his arrival in Pricksburg, the 
elder Mr. Brick passed away and the business was carried on by James W. Pharo and 
Robert Campbell ; the resident manager being Benjamin Snyder. In i860, however, 
it was transferred to Riley A. Brick, a son of the former owner, who subsequently re- 
moved the plant to South Amboy, New Jersey. Mr. Campbell still retained the 
executorship of the real estate. For five years previous to the removal of this plant 
to South Amboy, Joseph H. Van Hise. a twin brother of Isaac A., held the position 
of business manager of the concern, who through his close application and fidelity to 





/^O. ^ if'-^^c^^ ^^^^^^ 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 217 

business became a man of superior business ability and value. He died October 30, 1900. 
In 1865, by a special act of tbe legislature, the Bricksburg Land and Improvement 
Company was organized, with Robert Campbell as its president ; the heirs conveyed 
all the real estate, which consisted of twenty-five thousand acres, to this company. 
Then began the work of settlement and development of the town. Property was 
purchased by eastern people, who erected homes, and the growth of the town became 
rapid and well established. In 1866 the work of laying out streets, grading and other 
improvements were inaugurated by Mr. Campbell and was carried on successfully until 
1879, when the franchise and stock of the Bricksburg Land and Improvement Com- 
pany were sold out and transferred to Charles H. Kimbe'l, Samuel D. Davis and others. 
The officers of the newly organized company were Charles H. Kimbell, president; 
Samuel D. Davis, treasurer, and Captain A. M. Bradshaw, secretary. At this time 
the name of the town was changed to Lakewood. In 1887 the water works of the 
town were put in, whose title was the Lakewood Water Company, and was incorpor- 
ated the same year, with Isaac A. Van Hise as president; Samuel D. Davis as secre- 
tary and treasurer. Soon after, the electric light company was organized and was 
eventually incorporated with the water company. Other improvements were made to 
the rapidly growing town, and through the earnest and well directed endeavors of 
many of its prominent citizens it b.came a flourishing city, now tak'ng its place 
among the beautiful and attractive cities of the state. Mr. Van Hise was one of the 
early active workers in the progress of the city, and it is in tio small measure to his 
well directed and personal effort and excellent counsel that the advancement and 
prosperity of Lakewood are due. His opinions have always carried weight with the 
citizens of Lakewood, and as an evidence of the confidence and respect with which 
he was regarded by his friends, he was chosen as a member of the state legislature 
(1876-7) , where he served in a manner creditable to himself and satisfactory to his 
constituents. He has also been a township committeeman for Brick and Lakewood 
townships for a number of years, always discharging his duties with intell gence and 
promptness. His life has been one of activity and usefulness, and he now has re- 
tired to enjoy the fruits of his labors. Throughout the county and state he is 
honored and revered for his nobility of character and for the gcod work he has 
accomplished in the development of the beautiful city in which he resides. Mr. Van 
Hise took especial interest in the establishment of the library at Lakewood and has 
continued to contribute to the advancement of that institution. 



REUBEN EMMONS. 



Reuben Emmons, a substantial farmer of Howell town-hip. was born in Free- 
hold township. iMonmouth' county. New Jersey. December 16. 1S18. son of Job and 
Phoebe Emmons. He comes from a family for generations residents and farmers 
of Monmo'ith county, the land in the family being handed down from father to son. 
His grandfather inherited the land, and the cultivation of it was his life work. His son, 
Job Emmcns, born June 7, 1796, died August 2$. 18.55, upon the farm where he was 
born and lived, in Freehold township, Mrs. Phoebe Emmons, the mother of Reuben 
Emmons, died in 1S78. 

Reuben Emmons was educated in the common schools of his native place, con- 
tinued the occupation to which he was reared, and I'vcd on his farm until about ten 
years jigo. He then built a place at Blue Ball nenr his farm where he has since re- 
.'ided. He has always been interested in the life and progress of his native town 



2 18 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

and community in which he resided. He is a member of the Freehold Baptist church. 
In April, 1841, M.-. Emnic.ns was married to Mary, daugluer of Abraham and 
Mary (Johnston) Havens. Her father was born in Squan in 1787, was a life-long 
farmer of Howell township and died in 1865. Her mother was born in 1795 and died 
in 1852. Mrs. Emmons was born in 1818, the same year as her husband, and is now an 
active woman. Mr. and Mrs. Emmons have had six children : Phoebe Ann, born 
April I, 1842, and married to Henry Slricklin in 1864; Abraham H., born December 
24. 1843, who married Rosa A. Harris in 1869; Job E., born December 16, 1843.. 
married to Sallie Clayton in 1868 : Asa E., born March 6. 1848, and married to Mary 
E. Applegate in 1S70: Henry E., born June 22, 1854; and Clark H., born September 
3, 1856. 

* ' » 

PATRICK L. RYAN. 

In the year 1838 Patrick L. Ryan arrived in America, coming from the Emerald 
Isle, and .'■ince thai time, adapting himself to the conditions found iu the new world, 
he has steadily advanced until he now occupies a position prominent among the lead- 
ing business men of Middiese.v county, and is the possessor of a very ample com- 
petence, which is the reward of his earnest and honorable labors. He first located on 
Staten Island. New York, and worked at the clay business, but in 1862 removed to 
Woodbridge township. Middlesex county. New Jersey, where he has since made li's 
home. Here he purchased clay lands, which he began to develop, and adding to 
his possessions he is now the owner of a valuable tract of two hundred and fifteen 
acres, from which he minfs an excellent quality of clay. This he sells, to manu- 
facturers, and in 1902 he erected a fire plant and began the manufacture of clay products, 
mostly fire brick. He secured the latest improved machinery and all modern accessories 
that would facilitate the work and already he has secured a good market for his output. 

In 1869 Mr. Ryan was united in marriage to Miss Catherine Doyle, and their chil- 
dren are : Margaret, Mary, Patrick Joseph, John F., Richard T., Julia J., William 
A., Lawrence C. and Catherine V. In the management and control of his business 
interests and the working of his clay lands and the operation of his plant Mr. Ryan 
is ably assisted by his sons. He and his family are communicants of St. James 
Catholic church at Woodbridge, and in his political views he is a Democrat, but he 
has never sought or desired office, preferring to devote his entire time and attentioji 
to his business interests, in which he is meeting with creditable and well deserved 
success as the reward of b.is indefatigable labor and capable management. 



JAMES C. BLAIR. 



The enterprising spirit so characteristic of .America is manifest in James C. Blair, 
who has improved his business opportunities and by indefatigable energy has worked 
his way upward to a position among the successful men of Woodbridge township, 
Middlesex county, where he is nowengaged in farming and dairying and is al-o dealing 
in agricultural implements and in hay. His activity along these various lines has 
brought to him richly merited prosperity and he is justly regarded as one of the 
leading men of his community. 

Mr. Blair was born in Woodbridge township. October 20, 1857, a son of David 
Blair. He began his education in th- public schools near his home and continued 
his studies in the Morris school in Woodbridge. He firs', followed farming, but 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 219 

afterward became a licensed grain weigher in New York City. Eventually, however 
he returned to his native county and has since eng.iged in farming and dairying, 
having one of the best dairy farms in this part of the state. He owns about one 
hundred head of cows of good grades, and his milk product finds a ready sale through- 
out the locality. His place is well equipped for carrying on the business, and his 
neatness and method in carrying on the dairy are an element in his success. He is 
also e.xtensively engaged in dealing in hay and sells agricultural implements, and in 
all branches of his business has a liberal patronage, which he richly merits. 

On the 24th of November, iSjg. Mr. Blair was united in marriage to Miss 
Josephine Gibson, a daughter of Joseph Gibson, and their hospitable home is noted 
for the air of cheer and comfort which pervades the household. Five children have 
been born unto them : David Henrj', born April 26, 1881 ; Lulu May. born February 
3. 1883; Walter, born January 11, 1884; Elizabeth, born March 14. 1887; and Clifford 
DeWitt, born July 3, 1892. 

In his political views Mr. Blair is independent, believing it his duty to support 
the man best qualified fdr office regardless of party ties. He belongs to the First 
Presbyterian church at Woodbridge, New Jersey, and is a man of high character, 
whose public and private record alike are commendable. His time and energy are 
devoted to his business, in which he is meeting with gratifying prosperity, and as 
one of the leading citizens of his locality he is widely and favorably known. 



ABRAHAM McDERMOTT. 

An honorable retirement from labor has been vouchsafed to Abraham McDermott 
in reward for the years of honest toil which he devoted to his farm, where he is 
now living in the enjoyment of a well earned rest. His birth occurred in ^ferc'.'r 
county, New Jersey. January 29, 1833. His grandfather, William McDermott, who 
was born in Ireland, was a member of the British army and came here at tlie time 
of the Revolution, in the English army. His wife belonged to the well known Yetman 
family. Their son Esek McDermott, was born in Manalapan township, Monmouth 
county, was a wheelwright by trade, and met his death in a railroad accident in 1875, 
when in his seventieth year. His wife, Mrs. Rebecca McDermott, died at the home 
of our subject in November, 1S74. They had four sons and a daughter who are yet 
living: Jame^, a resident of Newark. New Jersey; Charles, who is living in Trenton; 
John, who makes his home in Middlesex county; and Mary Elizabeth, the wife of 
Lash .\nderson, of Kingston, New Jersey. 

The other member of this family is Abraham McDermott of this review. Edu- 
cated in the public schools, he began work in the fields at an early age and from prac- 
tical experience soon became acquainted with the use of all the farm implements. 
After assisting his father throughout liis minority he began farming on his own account 
and continuou.-ly followed that pursuit until his business career was terminated in the 
honorable retirement from labor which he is now enjoying. He kept his fields in giu"! 
condition, followed the most approved methods of modern farming and as the result 
of his untiring industry won a very desirable competence. Although he still resides 
upon the farm he leaves the active cultivation of the fields to others. 

In 1856 occurred the marriage of Mr. McDermott and Miss Margaret A. Dye, 
the wedding taking place in Englishtown. New Jersey. Their union was blessed with 
three children: John, a resident farmer of Manalapan township; Louisa, who is 
acting as her lather's housekeeper; and Letitia, the wife of John McCabe. who is an 



220 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

agriculturist of Middlesex county. The wife and mother died at the fam ly home 
September 23, 1899. and her loss was deeply felt not only by her immediate family 
but also by many friends who had learned to love her for her many excellent traits 
of character. 

When the country was involved in Civil war Mr. McDermott could not content 
himself behind the plow, but went forth to the field of b;itile, enlisting in August, 
1862, as a member of Company H, Fourteenth Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers. 
He was with his company and on duty at all times until after the cessation of hos- 
tilities. He was never wounded and never m'ssed a roll call — truly a phenomenal 
record. His obedience to commands, his loyalty and bravery made him an exemplary 
soldier and after three years' faithful defense of the nation's honor he was discharged 
at Trenton, New Jersey, June 18, 1865, conscious of having done his best to preserve 
the Union. He is now a valued member of the Presbyterian church at Englishtown, 
which shows that in matters connected with man's spiritual nature Mr. McDermott 
is found on the right side. He is a man of high principles, firm in support of his 
honest convictions, and well does he deserve mer.tion in this volume. 



ELI H. CHANDLER. 



Eli H. Chandler, a prominent and popular attorney and counsellor at law of At- 
lantic City, New Jersey, is a directTiescendant of the oldest family of that name in the 
state of Delaware. The founder of the family in that state was George Chandler, of 
Great Lodge, Wiltshire, England, where he was born April i, 1633, the son of Thomas 
Chandler, who was born aliout Fcliruary 15. 1602. the ?on of Syytliine. born about June i. 
1578, the son of Nicholas Chandler. George Chandler died at sea while en route to 
America in 1687; his wife Jane and seven children, however, were safely landed at 
Marcus Hook in the same year, and settled in New Castle county, Delaware. The fam- 
ily in religious belief were Quakers. The line of ancestry down to the present genera- 
tion runs as follows: George (founder). George second, his son: John, son of George 
second; Amor, son of John, born February 16. 1739: Amor second, son of Amor, born 
.August 21, 1785; Hayes, son of Amor second, born October 27, 1821 ; Eli H., son of 
Hayes, born October 17, 1857. 

Hayes Chandler, the father of Eli H., was born, as stated above, on October 17, 
1821, at Brandy wine Hundred. New Castle county. Delaware, where he received his edu- 
cation in the common schools. He is a farmer by occupation, a Republican in politics, 
and a Quaker in his religion. His wife, Rachel Garrett, daughter of Simeon and 
Julia (Hall) Garrett, was born ALiy 2i, 1S35, at Springfield, Delaware county, Penn- 
sylvani.l. 

Eli H. Chandler was born at Erandywine Hundred, New Castle county, Delaware, 
(October 17, 1857. His education was acquired in the country and public schools, and 
III the private academies at Wilmingtrn, Delaware. He subsequently took a law course 
m the State L'niversity of Iowa, from which he was graduated in the class of 1878. 
He was admitted to the Delaware bar in December of the same year as an attorney; 
to the Kansas bai in January, 1879; and to the New Jersey state bar in November, 
:897, as an .ittcrney, and in 1900 to the latter bar as counsellor. 

While Mr. Chandler is interested in political arfairs and is a Republican of 
repute and influence, he has never sought or held a salaried office. He served as 
a delegate to the Republican national convention held in St. Louis, in 1896. and in May. 
1890. he was appointed by the Marquis of Salisbury as the first British Vice Counsel 
at Kansas City, which ofiicc he resigned in 1893. 





^^g...^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 221 

Mr. ChaiiLllei. like his forsfathers, is a QuakL-r, as is also his wik-. iter Laura 
Park Minster, whom he married on January 29, 1881, at Westchester, Pennsylvania. 
Mrs. Chandler is the daughter of Chalklcy and Edith (.While) Minster, the former 
•rientioned a prosperous farnicr, and both Quakers. Her education wa; acquired in 
the Friends' schools at Westchester and Westtown. Penn.sylvania. They have one 
daughter, Edith Minster Chandler, born in Wilinington, Delaware, April 20, 1884. 
Mrs. Chandler is descended from Nicholas Minster and Olive Titus, who were married 
May 16, 1759, by the minister of the Old Swedes' Church, Philadelphia. After the 
death of the father the family removed to Chester county and settled in Goshen town- 
ship, now East Goshen, where the mother died in July, 1801. Their children were 
as follows: Tacy, married Garrett Funzant (.or Vanzant) : Christy, married to Jesse 
Severs; John, married about 1798 to Mary Thomas, daughter of Enos and Sarah 
Thomas, of Goshen; Jacob, hereafter mentioned; Shadrach, a tailor, who lived in 
Goshen ; William, also a tailor, who was married in 1800 to Lydia Smith, daughter of 
William and Jane Smith, of Goshen — he died in September, 1825 ; Evan, supposed to 
have left a family; and Edward probably died unmarried. 

In 1802 Jacob Minster occupied a farm of one htuidred and sixty acres, in Goshen, 
perhaps rented land, on which the buildings w-ere of logs. April ,3, 1813, he purchased 
a small farm of thirty-eig'ht acres in that township from Nathaniel lioskins and wife, 
but sold it '.he next year to William Warner for four thousand two hundred dollars. 
For a short time he resided in Willistown township, but April 4. 1820, purchased a 
farm of about eighty acres in East Goshen, adjoining the line of Westtown to.vn- 
ship. and on the Westchester and Philadelphia road. Here he died May 30, 1825. 
The name of his first wife has not been ascertained. iHe was married about the 
year 1818 to Sidney Hoopes, born July 31, 1783; died July 10, 1857, daughter of Amos 
and Margaret Hoopes, of Goshen. She was a member of Goshen Friends' Meeting 
and made an acknowledgement June 2, j8i<), for marriage by a magistrate to one not 
? member. October 22, 1846, she was married to William White, a widower, and aft- 
erward resided in Westchester, but died at the home of her daughter, Mary Cox, 
in Westtown, and was buried at Goshen Friends' Meeting. 

The children of Jacob Minster were these: Sarah, by first wife, married Joseph 
Hall; Mary H., born January i, 1821, died March I, 1900, married Caleb H. Cox, of 
Westtown ; and Chalkley G., died October 24, i8t)2, and was buried at Goshen Meet- 
ing on the 27th. 

Chalkley G. Minster inherited the homestead in East Goshen, and on September 
16, 1847, was married in Philadelphia to Edith White, daughter of his step-father, 
William White, by his first wife, Edith Spackman. The Minster homestead was sold in 
1870 and the family removed to West Chester. The children of Chalkley G. and 
Edith Minster were: William White Minster, born May i, 1852, died August 19. 
1890, married Mary E. White; Laura P.. l>orn January 29. 1859, married January 27. 

:88l, to Eli Hayes Chandler. 

■» « » 

JOHN C. DILL. 

.*L leading and influential citizen of Morganville, New Jersey, is John C. Dill, 
who was born on his father's farm near the village in 1856, and was a son of D ;n;el 
and Catherine (Lamberson) Dill, the former of whom was born in 1823. Daniel 
Dill was a native of New York but came to Monmouth county with his parents when 
he was a small boy. He carried on extensive farming operations, became one of the 
esteemed citizens of the county, and passed out of life on September 20. 1898. 

John C. Dill, who is the subject of this sketch, attended the district schools of 



222 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

his township and when about twenty years of age began the wheelwright trade and 
has made this his business in life. Mr. Dill has been established in his present 
location since 1877 and has been most successful in his line of work. A great blow 
fell upon him when his building was burned on July 10, 1897, but he was not dis- 
couraged, and immediately rebuilt, on a larger and better scale. He has now most 
commodious quarters and every appliance for the management of his business. His 
patronage is large and is constantly increasing. 

The marriage of Mr. Dill was on September 2, 1876, at Freneau, New Jersey, 
to Miss Sarah E. Lane, and to this marriage one child has been born, Charles J., born 
on May 10, 1878. He is connected with his father in the business. Two other chil- 
dren, Parker and Arthur, died in infancy. The father of Mrs. Dill died when she 
was young, but the beloved mother is still surviving, residing at Freneau, New Jersey, 
in her ninety-eighth year. In 1896 Mr. Dill built an elegant residence in Mc>rgan- 
ville, of modern design and finish, and here he and his estimable wife dispense a 
pleasant hospitality. M.r. Dill has taken a leading part in public affairs and is one 
of the best-known as well as a highly regarded citizen of the village. 



HON. JOHN D. HONCE. 

One lof the distinguished citizens of Monmoutk county is the Hon. John D. 
Honce, who has four times represented his district in the state legislature. His 
life is crowned with the honor and respect of- his fellow men, for through more than 
sixty years' connection with the county's history his has been an unblemished char- 
acter. With him success in life has been reached by his sterling qualities of mind 
tind a heart true to every manly principle; he has never deviated from what his judg- 
ment has indicated to be right and honorable between his fellow men and himself, 
and in an unusual degree he has labored for the welfare and advancement of his 
community, which ht has so long served in one official capacity or another. 

Mr. Honce was born in 1834 upon his grandfather's farm in the northern part of 
Marlboro township, Mionmouth count}-. He comes of a historic family, prominent in 
public affairs at the time the country was struggling for independence. Holland an- 
cestors of the name of Honce came to the new world at a very early epoch in the 
development of the country and settled on Ixing Island in the sixteenth century. 
The great-grandfather of our subject was born on Lxing Island and when a young 
man removed to Monmouth county, New Jersey. No sooner had the oppression of 
the British aroused the opposition of the colonists than he joined the army, and 
thrughout the entire struggle he served under General Washington. loyally fighting 
in many of the battles which resulted in winning freedom for the English colonists 
on this side of the .■\tlantic. His son, David Honce, was born in what was theft 
Freehold but is now Marlboro township, in 1772, and our subject remembers hearing 
him often tell of how he listened to the boom of the cannon from the hill on his 
father's farm — the old family homestead, — which indicated that the battle of Mon- 
mouth was in progress, June 28. 1778. He was at home with his mother, for his 
father was fighting in the engagement, and they were anxious, fearing that the British 
might be upon them any moment. Throughout his active business career the grand- 
father carried on farming there and died in 1856. David Honce, the father of our 
subject, was born in Marlboro township in 1808, and when he entered upon his 
business career it was to follow the same pursuit to which he had been reared and 
to which his ancestors had given their attention. He was successful in his farming 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY CpAST. 223 

operations and was thus enabled to provide his family with a comfortable living. He 
died in 1S84, while his wife, Mrs. Jane Ann Honce, passed away in 1878, both dying 
on the old homestead. 

In the district schools of Marlboro township John D. Honce, of this review, began 
his education, which was completed in the Freehold Institute, and later he engaged 
in teaching in that school for two years. When a young man he assisted in the culti- 
vation of his lather's farm and after his graduation he worked on the farm through 
the summer months, while in the winter season he taught in the district schools fpr 
several years. He was then oflfered a position in the Freehold Institute and when 
two years had thus passed he resumed farming, which has since been his only occu- 
pation. He has continuously resided upon the farm where he was born and has 
carefully conducted its improvement, adding thereto all modern accessories and con- 
veniences and making it a valuable place. 

In 1867, in New Brunswick. New Jersey, Mr. Honce was married to Miss Kate 
J. Combs, who died in 1874, and he has ever remained true to her memory, devoting 
much of his attention to the care of his children until after the surviving son had 
attained manhood. He is Cyrus B. Honce, who was horn in 1869 and is now a 
successful and prominent business man of Belmar. New Jersey, where he is engaged 
in the real-estate and insurance business. He is a valued member of the Masonic 
and Odd Fellows lodges and is also connected by membership ties willi the Order 
of Red Men. Jennie, the only daughter of Mr. Honce, was born in 1871 and died 
in 1880. Our subject belongs tft the Brick church in Marlboro township. His fellow 
townsmen, recognizing his worth and ability, have frequently called him to public 
office, and he is regarded as one of the leading members of the Democratic party in 
Monmouth county. For thirty-one years he has been collector of Marlhtoro township ; 
was superintendent of schools in his township for several years, and during the past 
eleven years has been clerk of the board of freeholders. Four times he has been 
chosen to represent his district in the state legislature, his elections occurring in 1879, 
i88o. 1892 and 1893. He was a most active and earnest member of the house and 
during the last two terms he rendered particularly valuable service as chairman of 
the committee on education. He gave careful consideration to every question which 
came up for settlement and even his political opj^nents entertained high respect for 
him. by reason of his absolute fidelity to the principles in which he believes. His 
public and private life are indeed commendable, and high on the roll of New Jersey's 
leading sons appears the name of Hon. John D. Ilcmce. 



ELIAS P. SCHANCK. 



From early boyhood until his death Elias P. Schanck was actively and honor- 
ably connected with agricultural interests in Monmouth county. He always lived 
upon one farm; there his birth occurred on the Oth of July. i8ji. and there his life's 
labors were ended in death April 12, 1889. The ancestry of the family can be traced 
back to Captain Schanck, who won his title by valiant service in behalf of freedom in 
the war of the Revolution. Rulef H. Schanck. the grandfather of our subject, was 
born on the old family homestead in ^^onmouth county, April 17. 175,^. and died on 
that farm on the 12th of October. 1800. He had thirteen children, all of whom are 
now deceased. Among the number was Jonathan R. Shanck. the father of Elias P., 
who was born in Marlboro township, then Freehold township, on the 15th of De- 
cember, 1782. After arriving at years of maturity he married Sarah Peacock, who 



224 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

was born March 20, 1797, on the old homestead of the Peacock family. The farm 
which was so long in possession of the Schanck family is now owned and occupied 
by Henry Hayes, who made the purchase in 1891. 

This farm was inherited by Elias P. Schanck, who there spent the days of his 
boyhood and youth, early becoming familiar with the work of the farm in its various 
departments. He was a man of broad intelligence, continually adding to his knowl- 
edge through experience, observation and reading. His agricultural pursuits had 
been carried on along lines of modern improvement, and his well directed labors 
resulted in bringing to him a very gratifying competence. His fields were always 
well tilled, and the neat and thrifty appearance of the place indicated the careful 
supervision of the owner. 

As a companion and helpmate for the journey of life Mr. Schanck chose Miss 
Ida V. Morgan, the marriage being celebrated in Marlboro township, October 12, 
1864. Her only living sister is Mrs. D. P. Conover, who resides on a farm in 
Marlboro township. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Schanck were born two children. Thomas 
M., born September 9, 1869, is engaged in the grocery business in Freehold; he was 
married May 4, 1892, to Jessie Mcllvaine, and their only child is Ray, who was born 
April 19, 1893. Eleanor, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Schanck, was born February 
17! 1875, and on the 28th of December, 1892, became the wife of William W. Craw- 
ford, who for the past ten years has been the superintendent for the Prudential Life 
Insurance Company in Freehold ; their children are : Lyall, who was born July 28, 
1894. and died in infancy ; Leola, born August 9, 1895 ; Alma, born June 19, 1898. 

Mr. Schanck was an active and influential member of the old Brick Reformed 
church of Marlboro, took an earnest interest in its work, and was a generous con- 
tributor to its support. His life was in harmony with its teachings, and by all who 
knew him he was held in the highest regard for his genuine worth. He passed away 
at the old homestead April 12, 1889. and the entire community mourned the loss of 
a valued citizen, his family a devoted husband and father, his church a consistent 
member. In 1892 Mrs. Schanck removed to Freehold, where she is now living amid 
many warm friends. 

« «■» 

FRANCIS E. COOPER. 

One of the successful and highly respected business citizens of Red Bank. New Jer- 
sey, is Francis E. Cooper, who for a period covering thirty years has carried on a busi- 
ness which has depended for its success on the energy, industry, and uprig'ht manner 
of dealing with which it has been conducted. 

Francis E. Cooper was born in Middletown township, Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, on May 26, 185a, a son of Stephen M. and Mary (Swan) Cooper. Stephen 
M. Cooper was a carpenter and builder, and for fifteen years operated an extensive 
mill for the manufacture of carpenters' supplies at Red Bank, with Timbrook Davis, 
under the firm name of Davis & Cooper. He was a man of high principles, honest 
and upright in all his dealings. He was a son of Jonathan Cooper, who was also a 
native of Middletoun township. The Revolutionary ancestor of this family was the 
maternal great-great-grandfather of Francis E. Cooper ; and a soldier in the patriot 
army, who is known to have been severely wounded in the face, from which his death 
occurred. Stephen M. Cooper died in 1876; his wife survived, beloved and respected, 
until 1898. The family of children originally numbered eight, but only two of these 
survive. 

Francis E. Cooper, the immediate subject of this sketch, was reared and educated 







U^AM/y\J>VO b '^o-o-^iA^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 225 

in Middletown and served a carpenter apprenticeship in that township and in Red 
Bank, and has made this locality his hotne ever since, successfully engaging in the 
business of builder and contractor. For twenty-five years Mr. Cooper carried on this 
business alone ; the five previous years he performed the same work under the super- 
vision of others. The territory whicli .\Ir. Cooper covers in his work includes a 
large part of ^;onmout', county, contracting and building extensively through Long 
Branch. Oceanic, Sea Eright, Middletown. Atlantic Highlands, and other points. 

Mr. Cooper was married, first in 1870, to Miss Ella Denise, who died without 
issue, on September iS. 1899. In igoo he married Miss Emma Denise, and to this 
union one son has been born. Stephen C. Not only is Mr. Cooper a strict business man, 
but he is also a first-class mechanic, and his pleasant and attractive residence is the 
work of hi? own hands. Socialy he is connected with the I. O. O. P., and attends the 
Methodist church. 



GEORGE C. GORDON. 

In the death of George C. Gordon, on May 29, 1892, at his residence in IVIarlboro, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey lost one of its most highly esteeined and useful citizens 
and substantial farmers. The birth of Mr. Gordon occurred on August 24, 1824, and 
he was a direct descendant of a long line of honorable ancestors, a number of these 
being distinguished in the military and commercial life of the country. The common 
ancestor of the Gordon family in .America was Thomas Gordon, who came to this 
country with his wife, five children and seven 'servants, settling in New Jersey in 
1684, He was a native of Pitlochie, Scotland, was the younger brother of the Laird 
of Strobach and had received various honors from James II, to whom he was per- 
sonally known but politically opposed. He became involved, with others of the Gor- 
don clan, in the insurrection of 1680 and was compelled to emigrate to .America. He 
located near Perth .Amboy, New Jersey, but subsequently removed to Freehold, where 
he purchased a farm, upon which the battle of ^lonmouth was afterward fought and 
which for many generations remained the home of the family. The first two years 
of Thomas Gordon's residence saw the death of his wife and five children. .At a 
later period he married Janet, daughter of David Murdie of Aberdeen, a merchant in 
the Scotch colony which had been planted in that part of New Jersey known as 
.Scotch Plains. Three sons and two daughters were born to them. 

One of these sons, Jonathan Rhea Gordon, was the great-grandfather of George 
C. Gordon. He was born in Monmouth county in 1717, married Margaret Cole and 
died -August i, 1780. Seven children were born to them, namely: Ambroz, Brazilla, 
Ezekiel, Lydia, Catherine, Elizabeth, and Lewis. Ezekiel. the grandfather of our 
subject, was born July 3. 1754, married Mary Combs June 24, 1784. and died February 
7, 1830. Four children were the fruit of this union, — Jonathan Rhea, John E.. Sarah, 
and Joseph E. John E., the second son, became the father of our subject and was a 
farmer during his entire life. He was married to Lydia Hampton and died in 1850, and 
was buried beside his ancestors in the old Tennent churchyard. One of his cousins, 
William J. Gordon, v\ho was born on September ,^0. i8r2. became a business man 
of national reputation. In 1840 he became interested- in business in Cleveland. Ohio, 
and in 1856 he was elected president of the Cleveland Iron Mining Company. Later, 
about 1865, he secured two hundred and .^^eventy-five acres of land in what was then 
but the suburbs of the growing city of Cleveland. This land he laid out in a beauti- 
ful park, which he subsequently deeded to the city of Cleveland and is now known 
as Gordon Park, one of the most attractive pleasure grounds along the shore of 
IS 



226 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Lake Erie. His one child. Charles Gordon, is a prominent and successful business 
man of Cleveland. 

George C. Gordon, late of Marlboro, was a well-known and esteemed farmer 
for many years. He occupied the historic old farm which had been watered with 
patriots' blood, fpr some years, then removed to Marlboro township, where he pur- 
sued a quiet agricultural life, ever ready, however, to take active interest in matters 
pertaining to the good of his community. Both he and family had long been con- 
nected with the old Brick church. He was deeply interested in promoting the inter- 
ests of the county agricultural society and long was one of its prominent members. 

The marriage of the late George C. Gordon was on January 9, 1854. at the resi- 
dence of John E. Conover, in Marlboro township, Monmo'uth county, to Mary S. 
Conover, a daughter of John E. Conover, and the two children of this union were : 
Miss Ella C, who resides in Trenton. New Jersey; and John E., born in 1861, who for 
the past fifteen years has been a resident of Brooklyn. New York. Mrs. Gordon for 
the past six years has resided with her cousin, Miss Mary Matilda Conover, who is a 
daughter of the late Elias Conover, and is the sister of the wife of David VanDerveer 
Perrine, of Freehold, New Jersey. The only brother of our late subject was Ambrose 
Gordon, who died when a boy. and his two sisters were Lydia, who d!ed in young 
girlhood, and Mary Matilda, who married John V. Hartshorne. of Monmouth count\-> 

The family of our subject and its connections reflect the best type of Monmoulh 
county, in religious, business and social circles. It is not so numerous as in former 
days, but still keeps to the high character for which its first founder h:is bL»en noted 
through the generations. 



HENRY SCHENCK. 



Henry Schenck. a substantial farmer of West Freehold township, Monmouth 
county, was torn January 24. 1805, in Freehold township, and died in West Free- 
hold township. December 20. 1891. He was the son of Peter V. Schenck and Sarah 
Shepherd. The former was born September 15, 1775, in Marlboro, then Freehold 
township, and died there July 3. 1857. The latter was born May Ii, 1785. at Marlboro, 
and died December i. 1807. His father. Peter V., married in 1808 a second wife. 
Elizabeth Smock, who died November .^, 1855. The Schencks of Monmouth county 
descended from Roelof Schenck Van Nydeck. of Doesberg, Province of Guelderland, 
Holland. He was a son of Peter Schenck. The latter was a brother of the noted 
General and Sir Martin Schenck. Roelof Schenck came to this country and was one 
of the original .settlers on Long Island. He married Mecllje, daughter of Garret Van 
Cowenhoven. In 1661 he obtained a patent for land at Flatlands. Long Island, and 
had three sons, MLartin. John and Garret, and seven daughters. Manin was left the 
land at Flatlands on the death of his father, and John and Garret came to Mon- 
mouth county in 1696, and with Cornelius Cowenhoven (now the Conovers). who 
married their sister, Margaret Schenck.' settled in Pleasant valley, now Atlantic town- 
ship, on a five hundred acre tract of land, purchased of John Bowme, a merchant 
of Middletown. Garret Schenck was born October 27. 1671. and died September, 
5, 1745. and built the mansion situated on the five hundred acre tract. One of his five 
sons, Garret, born August 30, 1712, died August 20. 1757. had three sons, William, John 
and Garret. This Garret, born in 1747. was the grandfather of Henry Schenck. 

Henry Schenck was educated at Marlboro and was reared to the tanning busi- 
ness by his father, who was a tanner. In 1844 he removed to West Freehold township. 
where he purchased a farm upon which he passed the remainder of his life. Tliis farm 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 227 

he cleared and subsequently brought to a high state of cultivation, but as late as 1845 
he killed deer on his land. He was surveyor of highways for his township and 
served also as a justice of the peace. 

In May, 1827. he was married to Mary Ann Monat. Their children were : Koer- 
ienons; Susan; Darius; Samuel M. ; Elisha; Elizabeth; Rachael and George. Of 
these Darius died in 1846; Mary Ann in 1888, and Samuel M. in 1899, The marriages 
in the family have been Koerlenons. now a retired farmer living in Freehold, to Re- 
becca Eli ; Elizabeth to Joseph C. Gulich. a farmer of Monmouth county : Samuel, 
who died in 1899. who married Mary .\. Lloyd; Elisha H.. to Jane E. Du Bois; and 
George W. to Mary Jane Tajlor. 



L. A. CHASE. 



How many men one meets in the cour.^e of a lifetime, and how few there are 
who seem to be worthy of following as an example. Some writer has said that when 
we meet a true man we say to ourselves, let us be men ; which shows the influence that 
a man's character may exert. 

Earnest, faithful and conscientious service have marked the career of the subject 
of this sketch. Mr, L. A. Chase of Carteret. New Jersey, whose efforts have been ap- 
preciated by those whom he has served, and for many years he has retained their 
utmost confidence. He is at the present time superintendent of the American Lucal 
Company of Carteret, w-here they operate an extensive plant, having their principal 
office at 44 Broadway, New York City. 

Mr. Chase was born in New York, and in 1893 came to New Jersey in order 
to superintend the construction of ihe afore-mentioned company's plant at Carteret, 
where he has since made his home. Prior to entering upon his duties at this place, 
he had charge of the erection, and subsequently the operating of the same company's 
plant in California. It is needless to say that Mr. Chase is an active and progressive 
man of business, which accounts for the success he has attained and the confidence 
he has won. Busy men are the ones who usually are foremost in matters of public 
interest; so it is with Mr. Chase. He is a stanch Republican, and naturally it did not 
take his associates long to recognize his peculiar adaptability for public service; he has 
therefore been made chairman of the Woodbridge township committee ; has presided 
over the board of education : has been a member of the Republican county committee 
and served as delegate to state and other conventions. Besides all this Mr. Chase 
finds time to serve as a director and treasurer of the Carteret Electric Light and 
Power Company, which concern he was active in establishing. 

It is not to be wondered at that with all his business cares and responsibilities 
Mr. Chase is inclined toward social life, which he fosters by his connection with 
various organizations, such as the' Improved Order of Red Men. the Maccabees, 
the Woodbridge Athletic Club, and the Rahway Club. Mr. Chase is happily married 
and has one child. 



CAPTAIN HENRY CONINE. 

Captain Henry Conine, one of the brave soldiers who gave 'his life for his 
country during the Civil war. was born in Freehold. Monmouth county. New Jersey. 
September 11. 1826. son of John C. and Elizabeth (Bennett) Conine. His father. 
John C. Conine, was twice married. By a first union he had three children, and by his 



228 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

second marriage, to Elizabeth Bennett, he had John B., Henry, Joseph, Rachael, Alcha, 
Rebecca, Mary Eliza and Mathilda. He died about the year 1848. 

Captain Henry received his early education in the public schools, was reared 
to and pursued a farmer's life. In 1850 he married Sarah Voorhees of Freehold, by 
whom six children were born to him: Mathilda. Charles H., John W., George, William 
H., and Sarah Ella. Charles H. and William died in early childhood. 

When the call in July, 1862, for 300,000 volunteers was made by President Lincoln 
to uphold the old flag, Mr. Conine, although he had a wife, two sons and two daugh- 
ters, the eldest child but fourteen years of age, responded to the call of his country 
with patriotic ardor, and enlisted as first lieutenant of Company D in the noted Four- 
teenth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, August 15, 1862. Mustered into the service 
eleven days later, he did duty in Maryland along the B. & O. R. R., until July. 1863, 
w'hen his regiment was attached to the Third Army Corps of the Potomac, under the 
command of General Sickles. 

Captain Conine was with his company in active service continually to his death. 
He led his company in the battles in \'irginia, at Manassas Gap, Wapping Heights, 
Culpepper. Bristol, Keeley's Ford, Brandy Station, Locust Grove, and Mine Run. 
Immediately following the battle of Brandy Station he was selected from among the 
first lieutenants in the regiment, on account of bravery and capability, for promotion 
to a captaincy. His commission bore date, November 21, 1863, and he was transferred 
from Company D to Company A, of the same regiment, and commanded this company 
until his death. In 1864 he was in the fearfully contested battles in Virginia, of the 
Wilderness. Spottsylvania Court House, Poe River, North Anna River, Hanover Court 
House, Cold Harbor, Bermuda Hundred, and Petersburg. Upon the call of the 
Fourteenth Regiment to Washington, in the first battle in its defense. Captain Conine 
was killed at the head of his regiment. It is a strange coincidence that Captain 
Conine, of Company A, and Captain Conovcr, of Company D, both of whom passed 
through the battles of 1863 unscathed, one as captain and the other as first lieutenant of 
the same company, should both fall as captains in the same regiment and at nearly 
the same time. 

Captain Conine was known to every person in Freehold, and was universally 
loved. His company was strongly attached to their brave, fearless leader and were ever 
the object of his especial counsel and instruction. Through all the vicissitudes of 
battle and army experience he was the sincere Christian soldier. 



WILLIAM CURR. 



Even in the humblest walks of life men have been recognized and admired for 
what may justly be called their sterling worth. "No matter where a man as found 
who, through his own honest endeavors, creates for himself a position in life which 
proves him to have been one of perseverance and thrift, he will be accorded the 
credit which is his due by those with whom he mingles. 

The life of Williajn Curr, while in the main uneventful, offers an example of 
application to the accomplishment of a given task, and affords material for the con- 
sideration of those starting out on the highway of life's endeavor. Born at Hamilton, 
Scotland, on August iS. 1S48, the son of Gaving and Ellen Curr, he left his native 
land to come to the country of so much promise in the tenth year of his age in the 
company of an aunt. He located in Brooklyn, New York, where until his fifteenth year 
he attended the public schools. He then began to learn the plumber's trade, which he. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 229 

follouetl for three years in Brooklyn, and for one and one-half years in the city of New 
Vork. In iSoS he went to Long Branch, New Jersey, and here commenced his 
business career on his own account, establishing the first plumbing, gas and steam 
fitting plant in Monmouth county, in partnership with Mr. Barham, imder the style 
cf Barham & Co.; this connection lasted until i88S, when Mr. Curr purchased his 
partner's interest in the business and conducted it alone until 1900. He then took into 
the business Alexander P. Paul, and the business was then carried on under the firm 
name of Curr & Company, which contimies up to the present time. The concern, is 
now (1902) the largest of its kind in Monmouth county; it carries on an extensive 
plumbing, steam and gas fitting business, including the handling of all the necessary 
accessories of such a business, and necessitates the employment of twelve to fifteen 
skilled mechanics and helpers. The building which they occupy is situated at 94-96 
Broadway, Long Branch, New Jersey. The establishments of Banham & Company 
and its successor, Curr & Company, was the source from which a number of similar 
prosperous businesses in the county of the same kind emanated, their proprietors 
having been originally in the employ of these firms. 

Mr. Curr is a Republican in political views, but has confined his attentions .so 
assiduously to the business which has- proved so successful under the impetus of his 
concentrated effort, that he has found no time in which to enter the political field. 

He is a consistent member of the Presbyterian church.^ His marriage to Miss 
Barbara Paul, daughter of Alexander and Barbara Paul, of Glasgow, Scotland, was 
solemnized in 1881. Their only child, James B., was born February 21, 1882. and is 
learning his father's business at Long Branch. 

Among tho interests of Long Branch, other than his immediate business, with 
which ilr. Curr has had connection, was his assistance as one of the initial stock- 
holders of the Long Branch Banking Company, and as having been active in the 
formation of the Atlantic Fire Company, the first to be established in Long Branch. ■ 



SUSAN SMITH BRISTED. 

Susan Smith Br-sted, a most highly esteemed resident of Red Bank, New Jersey, 
was born on the Shrewsbury River, in Middletown township. She is a daughter of 
Jonathan and Eleanor (Burdge) McLane. Tlie father was one of the most promi- 
nent and highly respected citizens of his county, a man of large means and great in- 
fluence, and he assisted materially in the upbuilding of Red Bank and the surrounding 
country. He owned several stores and much property in Red Bank, and was also 
largely interested in steamboating, being a part owner of a number of vessels which 
plied in the Shrewsbury River. His residence was one of the inost beautiful and at- 
tractive ones on that river, and in that palatial home of wealth and refinement our 
subject was reared. She is now the only surviving member of her father's family of 
eight children. She enjoyed liberal educational advantages in her j-outh. and has 
devoted much of her time in late years to music and botany, which contribute not a 
little to her own pleasure, and also to that of her many friends. 

On the 24th of December, 1856, she was happily married to William M. Smith, of 
Middletown township, and they had two sons — W. M., a promising youth who died in 
early life, and Charles J. McLean, who received his education in the Freehold Insti- 
tute, in the South Jersey Institute, and at Coleman's Business College of Newark, 
New Jersey; his time is now occupied in looking after his mother's property. William 
M. Smith, the father, was born in Middletown township, Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, in 1803. His father. Daniel Smith, was a descendant of John ami Mary Smith, 



2 30 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

who emigrated to this country in 1670. They subsequently took up their abode in 
Middletown township, where they purchased a large plantation, the warrant of which 
bears the date of 1676. William M. Smith was a practical farmer, and few were more 
industrious or more respected than he. Although much absorbed in the care of his 
large and well conducted estate, he never neglected his duties as a Christian. Con- 
verted at the age of twenty, he became a member of the Baptist church at Middletown, 
but later removed his membership to Red Bank, where he was serving as trustee 
and deacon at the time of his death, which occurred on the 2Sth of February, 1879. 
He was straightforward in all his dealings with his fellowtiien. and as the result 
of many years of honorable toil he became one of the wealthy and substantial citizens 
of the county, while he was honored and respected by all who had the pleasure of his 
acquaintance. Few husbands were more devoted and affectionate, few fathers more 
indulgent, few neighbors more obliging, and few Christians more conscientious than 
this honored gentleman. In his life he was interested in the Fair View cemetery 
and his remains now rest in peace in a circular plot enclosed with granite, beneath a 
shaft of costly Quincy granite, with the appropriate inscription, "I know that my 
Redeemer liveth." 

•-•-• 

JOHN B. CRAWFORD. 

The ancestral home of the Crawford family in Holmdel township, Monmouth 
county, was the birthplace of the subject of this review. w*ho throughout his entire life 
has been identified with the agricultural mterests of this portion of the state. The 
great-great-great-grandfather. John Crawford, came from Fenwick Parish. Ayrshire, ■ 
Scotland, to .'\merica in 1672. The first positive record is a deed dated 1678 for a 
town lot in Middletown. New Jersey, and he is described as ''John Crawford. Gentle- 
man, Ayrshire, Scotland."' William Crawford, the great-grandfather, received many 
hundred acres of land through his wife. Catharine Bowne. which has remained in 
the family to the present generation. William Crawford, the gnandfalther, was an 
enterprising and successful agriculturist and lived to a very advanced age. The farm 
was inherited by his son, William H. Crawford, the father of our subject, who 
was born on the ?ld homestead and there spent his entire life. He, too. pros- 
pered in his undertaking and in public affairs he took a deep interest., exerting a 
strong influence in many matters which affected the general welfare. He married 
Leah Conover, who was of Dutch descent, her ancestors having been pioneer settlers 
of New Jersey, while many representatives of the family have been distinguished in 
connection with affairs of state and county. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford became the 
parents of ten children, five sons and five daughters, nine of whom grew to maturity, 
while four are yet living. Two of the daughters occupy the old homestead, which was 
the residence of their ancestors for more than two centuries. 

John B. Crawford was born on the 20th of October. 183S. and pursued his literary 
education in the township schools, while upon the farm he early learned the use of 
agricultural implements throijgh practical experience in the work of the field. Through- 
out his entire life he has carried on farming and is to-day the owner of two hundred 
acres of the old homestead, which is under a high state of cultivation. It is largely de- 
voted to fruit growing, sixty acres being included within his apple and pear orchards. 
On the 19th of June, 1867. Mr. Crawford was united in marriage to Miss Hen- 
rietta Schenck. who was born October 4. 1837. a daughter of John and Jane A. (Haz- 
zard) Schenck. Ixith of whom were of Dutch lineage, their ancestors having emi- 
grated from Holland to the new world in the early part of the seventeenth century. 
Many of them have been well known in affairs of state, and their influence has been 




JOHN B. CRAWFORD. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 231 

felt for good in the promotion of the best interests of the comnionwcallli. Kuliff 
Schenck. tlic grandlatlur of Mrs. Crawford, was born on a farm in Marllioro town- 
ship, Monmouth county, owned by his father, and was highly respected throughout 
the commmiity, where he was widely known as "good Uncle Ruliff." Urato our sub- 
ject and his wife was born but one child, Charles X., whose birtili occurred July 28, 
1874. He was educated in the schools of the neig'hborhood, married Florence Curtis, 
and is now following farming on the old homestead. Mr. Crawford and his family 
are adherents of the Reformed church, and in his political views he is a Republican. 
His life has been quietly passed, but his upright, honorable career has won him the 
respect and good will of all by whom he is known. 



VERA DE XOIE. 



The thousands on both sides of the Atlantic who know Miss Vera De Noie as 
playwright and actress are few of them aware that her home is at Long Branch, 
Monmouth county. Xew Jersey, that it is one of the most beautiful at that fashionable 
resort, and that it is widely known to Americans as "Pass More Inn," by ^vhich 
quaint name Miss Dc Noie herself designated it. 

Vera De Noie is a native of Iowa, born in 1871, a daughter of Jean De Noie, a 
Frenchman and an officer in the army of his native country. She was educated in 
Paris and Bologne. w'here by superior advantages she developed the latent powers 
which have served her so well in securing for herself a place in the hearts of her 
audiences. Miss De Noie is a fluent linguist, and with both tongue and pen com- 
mands six languages. Not only is she well known in this country, but she is popular 
in Europe, where she has played for ten years, and she has made two tours round 
the world, appearing at all important dramatic centers in the principal roles of her own 
plays. She dramatized the Dreyfus case under the title of "Devil's Island." and in 
order to give her work the proper local color and to get certain hidden material, she 
spent some time in France. Among her other plays may be mentioned "A Godly 
Man," "Over the Line," "Queen of the Xavahoes" and "The Tory's Daughter," in 
all of which she has played the leading characters. 

Miss De Noie's home at Long Branch, which is a marvel of beauty, was purchased 
by her. September 22. 1898. and she has remodeled it into a fashionable summer re- 
treat, the guests at which are entertained in first-class style and served with every- 
thing in season. 

Like any other spirited woman of broad sympathies. Miss De Noie has a passion- 
ate fondness for animals of many kinds, and she takes an especial interest in horses 
and dogs, which she regards as man's best friends, unselfish, always constant, never 
forsaking him in the hour of adversity. . 



I 



REV. B. F. SHEPPARD. 

A life consecrated to the cause of Christianity is one which ever commands re- 
spect from all classes of individuals. The life that one lives leaves an unmistakable 
evidence upon the person, and the face mirrors forth the inner man. Consecrated to 
the ministry, one cannot be long in the presence of Rev. B. F. Sheppard without rec- 
ognizing his strong character and deep earnestness and h's complete devotion to the 



232 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

cause which he champions. He is pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church in 
Southard, Howell township, Monmouth county ; also preaches at Greenville and 
Squankum and superintends the work at Herbertsville and Cedar Ridge, the pulpits 
there being supplied by his assistants. 

Rev. Sheppard was born in Port Elizabeth. Cumberland county. New Jersey, 
June 28, 1866, and is a son of Abram and Margaret J. (Steelman) Sheppard. The 
father has long been a very active and consistent member of the Methodist Episcop^al 
church and during forty years of that time has been an enthus'astic and successful 
exhorter. He has filled every office in the church of his choice save that of pastor, 
and his influence has been by no means small. 

His son. Rev. B. F. Sheppard, was well fitted by birth and home culture to take 
upon himself the solemn vows of a preacher of the gospel. At the usual age he 
entered the public schools, and there, by close application and thorough mastery of 
the branches taught, he fitted himself for advancement to higher attainments in intel- 
lectual pursuits. His theological training was received from Rev. William D. Stultz, 
and in igoo he was admitted to the New Jersey conference and appointed to his 
present charge, preaching for three churches, at Southard. Greenville and Squankum, 
and superintending the work which is carried on at Herbertsville and Cedar Ridge 
by his assistants. At Southard, where he makes his home, the church has a mem- 
bership of eighty, the Sunday-school an enrollment of one hundred, and the church prop- 
erty is valued at $2.2co. All the different branches of the church work are in flourishing 
condition, and the earnest, consecrated effort of the pastor is producing marked results 
as a Christianizing influence in the community. 

In 1887 Mr. Sheppard was united in the holy bonds of matrimony with Miss 
Ada E. Megill, a daughter of William and Hannah (Osborn) Mcgill. The lady was 
born in Salem county. New Jersey. August 13, 1868, and is a most able assistant to 
her husband in his work. Their home has been blessed with the presence of four 
interesting children: Bessie, born February I. 1889: Abram. borii Mnrch 19. 1890; 
Oliver, born March 31, 1895; and Benjamin, born August 20. 1899. 



RICHARD CRAWFORD. 



Richard Crawford is one of the wealthy and influential farmers residing in 
Middletown township, Monmouth county, where his ancestry dates back to "Gentle- 
man John" Crawford, who came from Scotland to Connecticut in 1668. He was one 
of three brothers, and after the close of the French and Indian war removed to 
New Jersey, where he took up three hundred acres of land which had been granted 
to 'him by the English crown. The paternal great-grandfather of our subject was 
William Crawford, while his wife v.^as a daug'hter of Judge Bowne, and they had 
two sons, John and William. Richard Crawford, the maternal grandfather of our 
subject, was a brave and gallant soldier in the Revolutionary war, nobly performing 
his part in the struggle for American independence. William Crawford married 
Rebecca Patterson, and they became the parents of five children, namely: .\m\, Will- 
iam. John B., William H., and James P. Jcvhn B.. the father of the subject of this 
review, was born in Holmdcl, then a part of Middlelown township, in 1789. As a com- 
panion on the journey of life he chose Catherine Craw-forJ. a distant relative, and 
their children were as follows: George W.. born December 13. 1825. died October 
19. 1878; Rebecca S., born July 20, 1828. died April 17. 1876; Elizabeth S., born .\pril 
16, 1832, died October 2. 1836: William, born .August 8. 1834. died October 27, 1836; 




/Lc^&n^ao-cL C^<^:u^(;^^o^!C^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 233 

Catherine E., born April 5. 1837, died April 16. 1893; and Richard was born December 
I, 1838, and is now the only survivor of this large family. 

He has spent his entire life in this locality, and he now owns a highly improved, 
and fertile farm of one hundred and sixty-five acres, wliere he is engaged in general 
agricultural pursuits. He has served as overseer of highways and in niany other 
]>ositions of honor and trust, and is public-spirited in an eminent degree. 

Mr. Crawford was united in marriage with Miss Julia A. Robinson, a daughter 
of William and Catherine Robinson, the wedding being celebrated on the 21st of 
November, 1S66. The union was blessed with one child, which died in infancy. The 
Crawford family were formerly identified with the Baptist church, but since his 
marriage our subject has attended the Presbyterian church. He is a genial, whole- 
souled gentleman, and, pleasant, scholarly and courteous, he has many admirers. 



BENJAMIN M. COOPER. 

Benjamin ^I. Cooper, a successful dairyman and agriculturist of Howell township, 
Monmouth county, New Jersey, was born in 1841 at Farmingdale, Monmouth county. 
He is a representative of an old family of high respectability and is of German 
descent, his great-grandfather, Philip Cooper, being a native of Germany, but leaving 
the Fatherland for this country about 1740. He aided the colonies in their struggle 
for independence, showing the characteristic German courage and fortitude in defense 
of American principles. He followed farming extensively and accumulated consider- 
able property. He and his wife, Margaret Cooper, resided at what is now Farming- 
dale, and there reared a family, one son of whom was George, the grandfather 
of our subject. George Cooper was born at Farmingdale and throughout his life fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits. In religious faith he was a Methodist. He married Miss 
Ann Lovett, by whom he had ten children, all of whom are deceased. Of this num- 
ber was James G. Cooper, the father of our subject, born in 1805 at Farm'ngdale, 
New Jersey. He was a man of intelligence and influence in his locality, and was 
honored with several township offices. His po-sessions in real estate amounted to 
about one hundred acres of valuable property. Like his father, he was a member of 
the Methodist church and led an earnest and consistent Christian life. He married 
Miss Charity Van Note, also a native of Farmingdale, who became the mother of 
four children, as follows: Margaret A.; Joseph G. and Halstcad \V., twins; and 
Benjamin M. The parents are both deceased, the father passing away in 1867, the 
mother in 1882. 

Benjamin M. Cooper, whose name introduces this record, was reared and edu- 
cated in his native county. From the t'me he was old enough to handle the plow he 
assisted with the work on his father's farm, when not occupied with school duties. 
He became thoroughly familiar with all the duties pertaining to the life of an agri- 
culturist .nnd followed farming as an occupation. He has become quite prominent in 
this line, and has made a specialty of dairy products. His c:ittle are of a very fine 
grade, producing about thirty thousand quarts of milk per year, which finds a ready 
market in Lakewood. New Jersey. This, in addition to his harvests, brings to him an- 
nually a handsome competence. 

In 1863 Mr. Cooper was united in marriage to Mis^ Mary H. Estcll, a native of 
Lakewood. New Jersey, who is a daughter of James and Mary Estcll. Four children 
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Cooper, two of whom are now living, namely : An- 
drew J. ; and Irene. Mr. Cooper takes an active interest in the welfare and progress 



2:4 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

of his C0!iiniunity, and is very popular in political circle.;. He supports the men 
and measures of the Democratic party — all his immediate relatives being Republicans — 
End aids very materially in advancing the principles of this party. For over twenty 
years Mr. Cooper has been honored with the office of justice of the peace, and for four 
years has served as commissioner of appeals. He also served as township committee- 
man for a period of nine years, and in all his various positions has always discharged 
his duties with promptness and fidelity, thus winning to himself the confidence and 
respect of his fellow men. He holds membership with the Presbyterian church, of 
which he is a trustee, and has ever lived in consistency with its teachings, and all 
who know him respect him for his honorable principles, his upright dealings, and his 
true worth. 

♦-•-♦ 

HENRY G. COOKE, A. M., M. D. 

Dr. Cooke, one of the leading physicians of Holmdel township, Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, was born in that township on February 3, 1836. His parents were Robert 
W. Cooke, M. D., a native of Sussex county, and Susan (Gansvort) Cooke, who was 
bom in the city of Albany, New York. 

Dr. Henry G. Cooke, son of the above mentioned parents, received his early educa- 
tion in ;he select school in the vicinity of his home : in 1850 he entered Rutgers Col^ 
lege, from which he was graduated in 1853 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and he 
received the degree of Master of Arts in 1856. Meanwhile he commenced reading 
medicine in the office of his father, then a physician of prominence with an extensive 
pr?.c-.ice : in a few months, however, he became installed as a student in the office 
of the celebrated Willard Parker of New York, then professor of surgery in the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York. His preparatory stud'es com- 
pleted, Dr. Cooke matriculated in the before mentioned college, and in 1857 he was 
graduated therefrom, receiving the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He at orce be- 
came associated with his father at Holmdel, and it was not long before he acquired 
an enviable reputation, not only for his marked ability as a physician, but for faithful 
attention to his patients. His undeniable success, however, did not prevent him from 
enlisting in the cause of his country and humanity, which he did in 1862 as surgeon in 
the Twenty-ninth New Jersey Volunteers, with which regiment he remained for nine 
months. After being mustered out of the regular service he was placed in the 
volunteer corps of surgeons and acted in that capacity until the end of the war. He 
then returned to Holmdel. where he has since been continuously engaged in his pro- 
fessional duties, making the old homestead his residence. His father. Dr. Robert \V. 
Cooke, died -n 1867, and the son succeeded to his larg; practice, which he has since 
successfully conducted and increased year by year, numbering among his patients 
the most influential citizens of his section. 

Dr. Cooke is prominently identified with the various prominent medical associa- 
tions. In 1859 he was presiding officer of the Monmouth County Medical Society, 
and in 1868 he was made a delegate to the American iMedical Association, which con- 
vened in New York. He has frequently represented the profession of his county in 
the state society. He is now- a member of the New Jersey State Medical Society, and 
acts as medical examiner for a number of leading insurance companies. Dr. Cooke 
has ever been conscientiously devoted to the highest and best interests of his profession, 
and the result of his devotion is the high esteem in which he is held and the ex- 
cellent reputation he bears. 

Dr. Cooke married Maria B. Coudrey of New Rochelle, New York, on June 8, 1876. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 235 

PIERSOX H. CLAYTON. 

One of the worthy citizens of Jackson township. Ocean county, who has attained 
prominence through honest effort and strong perseverence. is Pierson H. Clayton, 
who was born in Monmouth county in 1823. and is a descendant of an old English 
family. His ancestors came to America, settling in Monmouth county near Free- 
hold, and during the Revolutionary war took an active part in the struggle in 
behalf of the English sovereign. The newly established colonial government took 
exceptions to this and confiscated their property, which was of considerable value. 
After this misfortune befell the family they scattered, locating in different parts of the 
then thinly populated territory of the country. The grandfather of our subject was 
William Clayton-, and his parents were Garret and Rebecca (Woodward) Clayton. 
The father was a very prosperous farmer, being the owner of one hundred acres of 
rich land. He lived to be about eighty years of age. 

Pierson H. Clayton was one of a family of ten children, four of whom are now 
living, namely: Francis; Pierson H. ; John W. ; and Britton. In early life our subject 
learned the shoemaker's trade, at which he has been engaged ever since. For thirty 
years, during the best part of his life, he worked at his trade in Philadelphia, and in 
1868 returned to the scenes of his youth, there purchasing one hundred and thirty 
acres of land. For several years he taught school with marked success, his intelligence 
and fidelity to duty winning for him the confidence and high commendat on of all 
concerned. He also served as school trustee for a number of years, very acceptably 
filling the position. 

Mr. Clayton was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Cox, of Philadelphia, a 
lady of culture and refinement. They are the parents of four living children, as 
follows : Byron W. ; Willard C. ; Clara A. ; and Ida A. The other children born to 
them are now deceased. 

For the past twenty years Mr. Cl.iyton has held membership in the Methodist 
Episcopal church, taking active part in church and Sunday-school work, and always 
leading a consistent Christian life. For some years he was a successful class leader 
in the church, and was held in high esteem by those with whom he associated. 
His life record is one of earnest endenvor and honorable dealings and is an example 
worthy of emulation. 



M. C. LOHSEN. 



M. C. Ivohsen. one of the leading and representative fishermen of Belford, New 
Jersey, was born in the city of New York, in 1842, and he was a son of Lohder and 
Meta (\\ endelke) Lohsen, both of whom were natives of Germany. 

Lohder Lohsen, the father of our subject, removed from New York to Belford 
when the latter was about five years of age. He purchased a small farm of forty acres' 
of land, which he cultivated until 1861, when he sold this property and rtturned to 
again make his home in the great metropolis. Some years later he came ;gain to 
Belford and his last years were spent with our subject. 

About the time that his father sold the farm our subject, M. C. Lohsen, became 
inlerested in clam fishing and successfully engaged in this industry, in fact adopting 
nielhods now followed by other fishermen, without which fishing at this date would be 
unsuccessful. Mr. Lohsen was the first to adopt gasoline engines in connection with 
fishing operations, which greatly facilitated matters as to time, distance, and labor 
saved. This has proved to be a very profitable business, both on account of the great: 



236 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

(''inland and exceptional transporlation facilities, as well as the close and intelligent 
attention that Mr. Lohsen has given to the business. Supplying even in small degree 
a market like New York City means a vast amount of labor as well as business ability. 

The first marriage of our subject was in 1S67. to Miss Eliza Walling, the two 
children cf this union being Jessie M., and Martin W., deceased; the mother died in 
1SS4. The second marriage of Mr. Lohsen was to Miss Catherine Johnson, and to this 
union these children have been born, viz. : Maud, Clinton B., Charles, Bessie, and Anna 
M. Mr. and Mrs. Lohsen have a beautiful home, surrounded by twelve acres of land 
and attractive and substantial buildings, and here friends are most hospitably enter- 
tained by our genial host and worthy wife. 

For more than twenty years Mr. Lohsen has been actively connected with the 
Methodist church in Belford. He is one of the financial _pillar5 of the church, has 
been an incumbent in most of the church offices, is one of the trustees, and its capable 
superintendent. Fraternally our subject is connected with the orders 1. O. O. F. and 
Junior O. U. A. M., and is one of the most highly respected business men of this 
section of Monmouth county. 

♦-•-• 

PETER F. DODD. 

Peter Franklin Dodd, of .\sbury Park, Monmouth county. New Jersey, is one of 
the most widely and favorably known residents of that portion of the coast, highly 
regarded for his business ability, sterling integrity and those personal traits whicii 
command confidence and regard. 

Mr. Dodd was born Tune 12. 1853, '" 'lie township of Hampstead. Long Island, 
New York. His parents were Peter Francis and Elizabeth (Rhoads) Dodd, estimable 
people of the county named. He received his education in the public schools of 
Brooklyn. At the age of sixteen years he took employment in a printing office, but nt 
the expiration of two years, when he had gained sufiicient kno.vledge of the printing 
art to be almost able to command a man's wage and conduct a business, impairment 
of health obliged him to seek another calling. He then secured a position with 
the firm of M. Young & Compatiy, of New York City, importers of china and glass- 
ware, remaining for seven years, during which time he became amply capable in nil 
departments of the business and established such a reputation that various important 
positions in the same line of business were at his command. He elected to enter 
the employ of John Wanamaker, the merchant prince of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
in a position in the china and glassware department 01 his mammoth establishment. 
His service was highly appreciated by his superiors, and he only relinquished his em- 
ployment, after a continuance of seven years, in order to enter upon business upon 
his own account. He located at Asbury Park and conducted a grocery establishment 
successfully for four years, when he sold it to another. 

For some years past Mr. Dodd has busied himself with the duties of the 
office of justice of the peace, to which he was fiVst elected in 1893. and in which 
position he has served, through successive re-elections, to the present time. He is 
also police justice and commissioner of deeds. In politics he is a Republican, and his 
intelligent activity in advocating the principles and supporting the policies of the 
party in county, state and national campaigns, has given him place among the influ- 
ential leaders in his county and district. He has served for three years on the Re- 
publican executive committee of Monmouth county, and for ten years on the Re- 
publican executive committee for Neptune township, and he was for five years secre- 
tary of the last named body. His religious affiliations are with the West Grove 
Methodist church, which for ten y^ars he has faithfully and wisely served in the 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 237 

capacity of secretary of the board of trustees. He is a member of the Knights of 
Pyrhias, the Junior Order of United American Mtchanics, the Knights of the 
Golden Eagle, and the Tribe of Ben Hur. For ten years he has been a member of the 
fire department, and he is now its assistant chief. 

Mr. Dodd was married to Miss Annie B. Haisjht, daughter of Charles W. and 
Susan Haight. of Brooklyn, Long Island, .September 28, 1875. Tlicir children were: 
Hattie M., born November 14, 1S76, who was married to J. M. Strudwick, December 
20, 1898; Thomas H., born August 22, 1878, who married Anna Gertrude Davison, 
October 23, 1901 ; Franklin R., born September 2,1. i87g. who married Bessie B. 
Bentell, November 12, igoo; Mary E., born March 16, 1885; Georgie B., born October 
13, 1886; Raymond M., born September 11, 1888; Stanley, born January 30, 1891; 
Curwin F., born October 14, 1892: Ruth B., born October 17, 1895 ; and Harry I., 
born October 2, 1897. The married children named have all entered upon useful po-v 
sitions in life, and all except the youngest children have received excellent educational 
advantages. 

- — ■ ■♦« » 

WILLIAIM ELWOOD JEFFREY. 

Among those most extensively and successfully engaged in the fishing interests 
of the New Jersey coast is William Elwood Jeffrey, one of the progenitors of the 
Elberon fisheries. He is also prominently identified with all concerns of public moment, 
and has always given his earnest aid to every movement looking to the advancement 
of the interests of the community. He has made his own way in life by dmt of in- 
defatigable industry and persistency, and he has established an enviable reputation not 
only for ability and integrity, but for attaining that high degree of financial success 
which is the fitting reward of such effort. 

His father, William W. Jeffrey, was a native of New Jersey, born where is now 
the village of Oakhurst, in 1830. William W. Jeffrey passed his life at Deal Beach, 
engaged as a waterman and in the fishing business. During the Civil war he served 
for one year in the Twenty-eighth Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, and for nine 
months in the Twenty-ninth Regiment, participating in some of the most arduous 
campaigns and battles in which the army of the Potomac was engaged. He yet lives 
in Deal Beach and is a member of Asbury Methodist Episcopal church and of the 
Grand .\rniy of the Republic. He married Mary Jane White, and of this marriage 
w-ere born three children: William Elwood, named below; John R., a farmer and 
real estate agent of Elberon; and B. A. Jeffrey, who manages a retail fish market for 
his father. 

Elwood Jeffrey, eldest son of William W. and Mary Jane (White) Jeffrey, was 
born at Elberon, New Jersey, .Vugust 25. 1835. He was educated in the district schools, 
and made his beginning in life as a clerk in the store of A. Taylor Truax. at Long 
Branch, in which he was engaged for five years. In 1877 he became a member of the 
firm of West & Jeffrey, dealers in groceries, crockery, etc., at Long Branch, and this 
association was pleasantly and profitably maintained for a period of twenty years. 
In 1897, with his old partner, Mr. West, he bought the Elberon Sound Fisheries, in 
which he had been interested for some years previous. This business has been de- 
veloped to l;irge proportions, one of the most important on the coast, the output 
reaching the large figure of a million pounds annually, and disposed of in the New 
York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington markets. 

Mr. Jeffrey is largely interested in real estate operations, particularly in Elberon, 
and is identified with various financial enterprises which conduce to the welfare and 



2 38 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

development of his own and adjacent villages. One of the most important real 
estate transactions in which he has been interested was the recent purchase, in asso- 
ciation with others, of the old Cook homestead at Point Pleasant. \cw Jersey. This 
place was for many years the favorite haunt of artists from different parts of the coun- 
try, and clustered with pre-Revolutionary associations. The estate comprises nearly 
three hundred acres, is in a state of natural wildness and is rich in picturesque and 
lovely scenes. The artists who resort there feel as distressed as a nest of hornets 
whose covert is threatened with destruction. Among the legends of the place is the 
story tha; Prince Lucien Murat, who prided himself upon his skill as a whip, driving 
down to the Cook homestead from the Bonaparte place in Bordentown and entering 
the ground with a great flourish, wrecked his carriage by running foul of the big gate- 
way, the massive posts of which still exist. It is said the Prince was greatly morti- 
fied over the mishap. Mr. Jeffrey is also a director in the Citizens' Bank of Long 
Branch, a director in the Long Branch Building and Loan Association, and vice- 
president of the Long Branch Press. For fourteen years he has served in the fire 
department, as a member of the Atlantic Wreck Company, and he holds membership 
in the Royal Arcanum and in the Order of United Workmen. In religion he is a 
Methodist, being a member of the Simpson church. Politically he is a Republican, 
but maintains independency in local issues affecting the commun ty. 

Mr. Jeffrey was married on March lo. 1879. to Miss Jane Cook, of Monmouth 
Beach, and of this marriage were born two daughters — Ella M. and Clara S. Jeffrey. 



WELLIXGTON KENNEDY. 

No country produces more worthy sons than does the little strip of land im- 
mediately north of England ; they are men of honest worth, who are recognized uni- 
versally as standing for uprightness, integrity, and fearless moral courage. Of such 
slock is our subject, Wellington Kennedy, the well known florist, market gardener 
and pigeon fancier of Red Bank. New Jersey. 

Mr. Kennedy is a native of Scotland, where he was born in 1855. He came to this 
country in 1883. locating at Rumson. New Jersey, and entered the employ of Edward 
Kimp. in whose ser\'ice he continued for seven years. His next employment was 
found with John Wagner, with whom he remained for nine years. It speaks well 
for a man when he can remain so continuously in the service of one employer. He 
has since created a widespread demand for his own products, which are excelled by 
none throughout the state, and conmiand the best price. 

In "goo he erected his present beautiful modern home, which is not only a delight 
to the eye, presenting as it does an almost perfect picture of neatness and thrift, 
but it is practically faultless in its interior arrangement. 

Not only has Mr. Kennedy made a reputation for himself as a truckman, but he 
has became famous as an authority on pige<ins. having devoted considerable time to 
their study and breeding. He possesses one of the finest and most expensive collec- 
tions of birds, among them being rare specimens of Turbits, Jacobins, English and 
African Ow-ls. These birds are of the very best strain, best blood, and of well merited 
points, which is admitted by those best qualified to judge, as is evidenced by the 
great number of medals of both gold and silver, silver cups, spoons, etc.. awarded 
him at the Madison Square Garden. New York, exhibits. At Boston, too, he has won 
many special prizes on account of the superiority of his birds. In fact his skill in 
raising and selecting these feathery pets and his collection itself are well known 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 239 

throughout the country by men interested in the fancier's art. ^Ir. Kennedy was 
honored by being appointed judge of the pigeon exhibit at the Pan-.\merican Expo- 
sition at Buffalo. 

Five years before leaving hi~ native land. Mr. Kennedy took to wife Miss Sarah 
Armstrong, also a native of Scotland. To them have been born the following chil- 
dren: James, John, Joseph, J. P., Robert A.. Bessie L., Wellington, and Lester H. 

Mr. Kennedy is treasurer of the Monmouth County Horticultural Society, and a 
member of the I. O. R. M. of Red Bank. In politics he is an independent. In religious 
belief he follows the faith of his forefathers, the Presbyterian. 



TAMF.S K. WALLIXG. 



The Walling family is an old and prominent one of New England, its ancestors hav- 
ing come to America in 1623, and according to tradition were closely identified with 
the Pilgrim Fathers. Among its members who participated with the colonists in the 
Revolutionary war were Carhart Walling. Daniel Walling, James Walling. John Wall- 
ing and Philip Walling, the latter having been wounded at the battle of Monmouth. 
Thomas and Hannah (Bogart) Walling were the great-great-grandparents of our sub- 
ject, and but little is known concerning their history. Their son. John Walling, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Roberts, and they had the following children: John, Thomas, Daniel, 
Cornelius, Joseph, Mary, Elizabeth, and William. John Walling lived to be over 
r.inety years of age. He was a natural mechanic and was a wealthy and prominent 
citizen •? his locality, while in the Baptist church of Middletown he held the office 
cf deacon, his influence for good having been felt by all with whom he came in 
contact from day to day. John Walling, the grandfather of our subject, was a promi- 
nent and wealthy farmer of the locality, and his demise was caused by an accident in 
early life. He was united in marriage to Mary Taylor, and their children were John, 
Jo?eph, Cornelius, Daniel. Elijah, Elizabeth. Catherine, Lydia. Garret, Michael, Mary 
and David. Elijah Walling, the father of him whose name introduces this review, 
was born on the i6th of October, 1791. On the 21st of February, 1816. he was united 
in marriage to Jane Kelsey. who was born in 1797. and their children were as fol- 
lows: Mary, born January 8. 1817: Elijah, born in 1819: James K., born December 
.11, 1821; William, born April 17. 1824; Permelia, born March 5. 1826; Kelsey, born 
August 15. 1830; Wesley, born September 17, 1833; and Elizabeth born June i. 1836. 
Elijah Walling was a shoemaker by trade, was a Whig in his political affiliations an4 
was a worthy member of the Baptist church. His death occurred on the 28th of 
Ai!gust, if6C. while his wife passed away on the 23rd of .August, 1882. 

James K. Walling, whose name introduces this review, was born at what .was 
known as Wallington, in Monmouth county, where he was also educated. In early 
life he Itarned the tanner's trade, which he followed for over sixteen years. He, 
however, devoted the greater part of his time to agricultural pursuits, and in 1872 he 
pui chased the place where his family now resides and where he raised an abundance 
of fruit and vegetables. His efforts along the line of his chosen vocation brought to 
him gratifying returns, he having placed his fields under a high state of cultivation, 
and everything about the place has ever indicated the supervision of a neat and pro- 
gressive owner. On the 24th of July, 1843. he was united in marriage to Mtss Sarah 
A. Erower. who was born in Middletown township. Monmouth county, in 1826. Her 
parents were Hendrick and Helena (Hoff) Brower. whose family numbered three 
daughters, but Mrs. Walling is now the only survivor of the family. Her paternal 



240 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

grandparents were John and Eleanor (Hendrickson) Brovver, and they had five chil- 
dren. Her paternal great-grandfather was Hendrick Brower, and her ancestors were 
also Revolutionary heroes. Unto our subject and wife have been born six children — 
Sarah, Jane E., Edward, Eleanor S., Huldah T., and Emily V. On the 26th of Sep- 
tember, 1901, Mr. Walling was summoned into eternal rest. For many years he had 
made his home in this locality, and his career was marked by signal integrity, justice 
and honor, and no word of detraction was ever heard from those who knew him 
well. The family occupy a high social position in the community and have many warm 
friends among the best residents of Monmouth county. 



ADAINI ECKERl. 



Not only prominent in industrial circles in Perth Ainboy, but also a leading figure 
in public affairs which concern the welfare of his city and state. .\dam Eckert is 
well known and justly counted one of the representative men oi New Jersey. His, 
energy, perseverance and capable management have secured him advancement in the 
business world and he has also gained distinction as one who is devoted to the public 
good and 'who fails not in the faithful performance of any duty of citizenship, no 
matier if it be trivial or important. 

Mr. Eckert was born in Germany in 1S50, and as far back as the ancestry can 
be traced the family resided in the Fatherland. Joseph Eckert, his grandfather, was a 
native of Wertsburg, Bavaria, and throughout his entire life served as a forester on 
the Livmgston estate. In religious faith he and his family were Roman Catholics, 
strongly adhering to that faith. He had six sons and one daughter, namely: Adam, 
John, George. J;'cob, Joseph, Henry, and Mary. Joseph Eckert, the grandfather, de- 
parted this life in 188.4. 

Jacot) Eckert, fatlier of the one whose name introduces this ceviow, was born on 
the Livingston estate in Germany and acquired his education in the public schools. In 
early life he learned the shoemaker's trade, which he followed for many years. In 
1852 he started with his family for America and located at Middletown, New York, 
where for thiee years he carried on shocmaking, after which he took up his abode in 
Albany and engaged in the same pursuit for two years. In 1861 he came to Perth 
Amboy and established himself in the shoe business, but the following year he re- 
sponded to resident Lincoln's call for troops to crush out the rebellion and enlisted 
in Battery K, Third New York Light Artillerj-, fighting for the land of his adoption 
until the close of the war, when he received an honorable discharge at Richmond. 
Returning to the north he located in New York City and, subsequently, again came 
to Perth Amboy, where he couducte 1 a hotel until his retirement from business life 
in iSrio. In politics he was a firm believer in the principles of the great Democratic 
party, in behalf of which he cast his vote and influence. He was also an active mem- 
ber of fhe Grand Army post at Perth Amboy and was ever a loyal citizen, who in days, 
of p;ace manifested the same fidelity to his adopted land that he displayed when fol- 
lowing the Stars and Stripes upon southern battlefields. Before leaving Germany he 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary Ott, and unto them were born two sons and 
two daughters: Adam, George, Marguerite, and Mary. 

Adam Eckert was only two years old wiien brought liy his parents to the new 
world. He acquired his education in New York, and when fourteen years of age 
entered upon a six years' apprenticeship to learn the jeweler's trade. Later he wis 
his father's assistant in the conduct of the hotel in Perth Amboy, his time and en- 




>^Avl.a^tylyL^ ci^t^^t^ij^ 



• HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 241 

ergies bsing devoted to tliat work until 1884. wlien ho embarked in his present line 
of business as a member of the firm of Schantz & Eckert, proprietors of a machine 
shop, and iron and brass foundry. They engaged in general machine work, in the 
building of marine engines, and in a general line of repair work. Mr. Eckert's partner 
was his brother-in-law, .Andrew Schantz, a capable machinist, who was born in 
Philadelphia. He died in iSgg, leaving a family of six children. Since that time 
Mr. Eckert has been sole proprietor of the business, and in his foundry employs 
thirty-two workmen. The output of the foundry is of such superior grade that his 
sales extend to all p^rts of the coim.try and his patronage is constantly increasing, 
thus bringing to him a good annual revenue. 

In his political views Mr. Eckert is an earnest Democrat, believing that the 
best interests of the country can be secured through the adoption of the principles of 
that party. He has been a member of the city council and at the present time is 
serving as alderman at large for Perth .^mboy. In 1892 he was appointed superin- 
tendent of the city water works and filled the position with credit to himself and 
satisfaction to his constituents. He has also servecf as one of the board of chosen 
freeholders, and for two terms he was a member of the general assembly. He has 
filled many positions of public trust m a creditable manner and the vote of his 
fellow-cilizens is proof of his popularity and capability. He usually attends the 
conventions of his party and is unfaltering in support of whatever he believes to be 
for the general good. 

Outside of politics Mr. Eckert is interested in other affairs connected with tlie city's 
prosperity and activity. He is a member of the chamber of commerce and the Perth 
Amboy Loan and Homestead Association, of which he is the president. Socially he 
is a representative member of Raritan Lodge. F. & A. M. : Lafayette Chapter, 
R. A. M. of Rahway. and the Knights of Pythias. His name is a synonym for all 
that is progressive and his own career has been one of substantial advancement along 
many lines. In business he has worked his way upward, step by step, to a position 
of affluence, and in public affairs he has attained to a distinctively eminent position 
in the city ind state. 



H. F. DAVIS. 



Prominent among the young and enterprising business men of Monmouth county 
stands the subject of this review, who is engaged in the grocery business at Oakhurst. 
He was born at Red Bank, this state, on the 4th of September, 1870, and is a son of 
Thomas and Marie (Pitcher) Davis. He received his education in the district schools 
of Middletown township, where by his close application to his studies he laid the 
foundation for his present prosperity and progress, .'\fter his .school days were ended 
he entered the store of a Mr. Conover, of Lincroft, where he made himself familiar 
with the grocery business in every detail, and thus became a very profitable employe. 
In i8gi he came to the village of Oakhurst, Monmouth county. After being employed 
by Thom.as Cook for five years he purchased the business in 1891, and since his occu- 
pancy Mr. Davis has brought the establishment to its present high degree of prosperity. 
Since removing to this place he has also been honored with the position of postmaster, 
an office which he filled to the entire satisfaction of all concerned, and for several years 
he also .served as a member of the board of education. 

On March 17. 1897, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Davis and Miss Vannie 
Harvey, a native of West Long Branch, and a daughter of Charles and Clara Harvey. 
This union has been brightened and blessed by one child, Harry L. In his social rc- 
16 



242 HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST.. 

lations Mr. Davis is an active member of tlie Junior Order of United .-Kmerican Me- 
chanics. }Ie is a man of superior business capacity and resourceful ability, his reso- 
lute purpose and keen discrimination enabling him to carry forward to successful com- 
pletion whatever he undertakes. He has made for himself an enviable reputation and 
is popular in social, business and political circles. 



JOHX \'. FISHER. 



John V. Fisher, an old and highly respected citizen of Prospect Plains. New Jersey, 
was born in Mercer county. September 2. 1818. the son of Henry and Lydia (.Voorhees) 
Fisher. Their family consisted of John V., our subject: Sarah, deceased; Jacob: Mary; 
Gertrude, deceased: and Cornelia, deceased. 

When John V. attained his tentii year he removed with his parents to Middlesex 
county, in the neighborhood known as Half Acre, where he continued to reside till the 
year 185,^. at which time he purchased his present farm of fifty acres, part of which is 
in Cranbury and part in Monroe township. During his active career as a practical 
farmer, which vocation he conducted on scientific principles, Mr. Fisher succeeded in 
accunuilating quite a goodly competence, and is now retired from personal conduct 
of his farming interests. 

In 1852 Mr. Fisher wedded Miss Phoebe Perriue. and two children were born to 
them, viz.; Mary and Anna, both of whom reside in Monroe township. Mrs. Fisher 
departed this life in 1875. 



CORXELIUS V. STl'LTS. 

Cornelius V. Stults is a wealthy resident of Monroe township, Middlesex county. 
He was born near Cranbury, New Jersey. July i, of the year 1819, 'his parjnts being 
Albert and Maria (Van Doren) Stults. whose family consisted of eight children, four 
sons and four daughters. Of this number Henry and Cornelius are the only survivors. 
The father of our subject, Albert Stults, was born and reared in Monroe township, 
followed farming as a vocation, and served his country during the war of 1812. He 
lived to the ripe old age of eighty-nine years. Henry Stults, the father of Albert 
Stults, and grandfather of Cornelius V.. was a native of Germany, hut came to this 
country in early manhood. He was fully in sympathy with the country of his adoption, 
entering heartily as one of its citizens in all matters pertaining to its welfare. In poli- 
tics he was a stanch Democrat. In religious views he was a Presbyterian, being a 
communicant of that faith. He was eminently respected by all with whom lie was 
thrown in contact, and he, too, engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

Cornelius V. Stults, the subject of our sketch, is the possessor of one Imndrcd 
and forty-five acres of well cultivated farm land at Prospect Plains. Monroe town- 
ship. New Jersey, upon which he resides, cultivating the land to the highest state 
of perfection and growing a general line of farm products. Material gam has crowned 
his cflTorts. and he is looked upon a= one of the most successful farmers in his sec- 
tion. Mr. Stults has been the owner of his present farm since the year 1849. and has 
made it his home ever since that time. His first wife was Miss Gertrude Applegate. 
who Iwre him two sons, John E. and Rostene S. His S'.cond wife wa; Gertrude 
Fisher, now also deceased, who gave birth to six children, namely. Mary .-\.. F.ll.i. Miua, 
Cornelius, Addison, and -Albert. 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. Ui 

Mr. Stults has ever commanded the respect of his £eilo\v-c:tizens, and this they 
have shown by electing him to many township offices, whicli he has always creditably 
filled, keeping constantly before him the interests of those he represented. He is an 
honored member of the Presbyterian church of Cranburv. 



OAKHUR.ST PUBLIC SCHOOL. 

Under the direction of a capable school board having due regard for the intellec- 
tual development of the community, the Oakhurst public school is doing excellent 
work. In 1843 — almost sixty years ago — about two acres of land were purchased from 
Richard Wyckoflf and Jacob White by Taylor Hagerty, George T. Brown and Joseph 
Thompson, who were the school trustees of Ocean township. L'pon this ground was 
erected a one-story building for school purposes, and there was an attendance of ninety 
pupils. In 1861 the number of children in the school district was one hundred and 
thirty-seven. In 1870 the schoolhouse was enlarged and two teachers were employed. 
In 1875 there were one hundred and seventy pupils, and the following year the num- 
ber had increased to two hundred and five, but after this there came a decline in at- 
tendance, and in 1880 there were only one hundred and sixty-two school children in the 
district. At the' present writing, in igor, there are three hundred and eleven school 
children in the district. In 1900 a new building was erected on the site of the old 
one. at a cost of twelve thousand dollars, and in addition to this furnishings were pur- 
chased at a cost of two thousand dollars, so that the entire structure was built and 
equipped at a cost of fourteen thousand dollars. Two of the leading members of the 
school board are Isaac B. White, president, and Adam W^orth. secretary and treasurer. 
Both have the educational interests of the district deeply at heart and give their 
aid and influence toward raising the standard of the school und making its work attain 
a high degree of perfection. 

♦-►♦ 

GEORGE SPARKS. 

George Sparks, in early life an English soldier and later a soldier in the Civil 
war, was born in England. September 26, i8.^5, son of Thomas and Rebecci Sparks. 
His grandparents lived and died in England. His father, born and mirried in England. 
came to Monmouth county, Xew Jersey, and settled 0:1 a farm in Manalap?n township 
in 1854. He died in 1889, aged eighty-two years, and his wife d!ed in 1891, aged 
eighty-four years. Their children besides George are: Anna Eliza, who married a 
veteran of the Twenty-ninth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry; Dorcas.' now Mrs. Moran, 
residing upon a farm in Marlboro township, and.Hcnrietta. now Mrs. L^wis P. Clay- 
ton, of Elton. 

George Sparks was educated in the schools of England and was mustered into 
the English army August I, 1853, at Westminster, London. His regiment was as- 
signed to duty in India and with it he served through the various engagements in the 
Sepoy insurrection from 1854 to 1859. under Sir Hugh Rose. K. O, B, In 1857 he was 
the corporal in charge of the squad of five men who, under orders, tied the six Scnovs 
to the cannons' nKniths, from which they were blown tn pieces. The verdict of the 
court martial was that six Sepoy; should be shot to death, six hung and six blown to 
pieces at the cannon's mouth. He was discharged from the British army June 27, i860,. 
In the latter part of that year he left England and cime to his father's farm, where 



244 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

he remained uiilil June, i85i, then enli-ting in the Union army. He was mustered 
into service June 22, 1861, in Company H, Forty-eighth New York Volunteers, as 
sergeant. He served with his regiment in North and South Carolina, participating in all 
its engagements up to July 18, 1863. when at Fort Wagner he was wounded in the 
right hand, which necessitated the amgutation of his thumb and middle finger. In 
June, 1864, he was assigned to duty in the Veteran Reserve Corps and was mustered 
out of service January i, 1864, with an enviable record as a soldier. 

In 186S he was married to Anna Keyes. Their children are: Rebecca Jane, 
George Thomas, Edward Goddard, and Charles L. 



THOMAS F. DUNIGAN. 

One of the leading and popular young business men of Woodbridge, New 
Jersey, is he of whom this brief biography treats. He was born in the town of Wood- 
bridge on May i, 1850; he is the son of Dernard Dunigan, an old resident of the 
town. Thomas F. attended the public schools of his birthplace, and acquired an excel- 
lent education. In 1883 Jie became interested in clay mining, which he followed till 
1890, when he became a contractor m grading, etc., which he has since carried on 
extensively; besides this he has been a large dealer in coal, having yards located on the 
Philadelphia & Reading railroad near Woodbridge. He keeps a number of teams to 
meet the demands of his trade; so g;"eat has his business become in this line that he 
is entitled to a position among the foremost merchants in the town. Apart from all 
this, he now operates the clay mines for Henry Maurer & Son, one of the largest 
brick and tile manufacturers in New Jersey. He is also a director of the Car- 
teret Electric Light and Power Con'pany; and was a potent factor in the organiza- 
tion of the fire company, being chairman of the committee, 

Mr. Dunigan finds time to take an active interest in politics. He is an ad- 
herent Off the Democratic party, and in 1898-99 was a member of the township com- 
mittee ; for some years he has been prominently identified with local affairs. He is 
an esteemed member of the Royal Arcanum, the Catholic Benevolent Legion, and 
other fraternal orders. 

Mr. Dunigan married Miss Jane Finn, and Iheir children are, Florence, George. 
Jennie and ."Xnna. The family are attendants at St. James church. 

From this brief sketch of Mr. Dunigan's life the energy characterizing the man 
is the one predominant feature which stands out more prominently than any other. 
The varied business interests in which he is engaged marks him as a man of sagacity 
and keen menial discernment, and few men can clann so high a place in public esteem 
as' he. He was elected in March, 1902, to the office of chosen freeholder from 
Woodbridge. 



THE LAFAYETTE HOTEL. 

The Lafayette hotel, one of the most popular and well conducted hotels of 
Asbury Park, New Jersey, has won its success through fourteen years of intelligent 
management. Quite a number of years ago, w-hen the present commodious hotel was 
scarcely more than a cottage, it was conducted by Mr, and Mrs, Frost, who gradually 
enlarged the building until at the present time it has accommodation for about three 
hflndred and fifty guests. During these years Mr. Frost has passed away, but the 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 245 

house has since been ably conducted by his widow, the present sole proprietor, who 
is a practical hotel woman, having for many years kept a large and fashionable board- 
ing house in New York City before becoming interested in the Lafayette. For the 
past eight years Mrs. Frost has been ably assisted in the management of the hotel 
by Mr. Frank B. Covert, an experienced hotel man. who has been identified with many 
of the most prominent and successful hotels of the south, among them being the 
Ormond and St. James at Jacksonville, Florida, as well as with large hotels in both 
New York and Philadelphia. Mr. Covert possesses peculiar adaptability for the 
position he occupies, having many genial social qualities and being endowed with 
pronounced executive ability. 

The Lafayette hotel enjoys a reputation second to none of the more prominent 
houses of Asbury Park, as the superior character of the internal appointments, and 
the attractive architecture of its exterior, the new and improved bedding. Carpeting 
and furniture, together with the artistically decorated walls and ceilings, make it one 
of the most elegantly appointed hostelries on the Jersey coast. It has a hall, fifty feet 
square, with a Holland brick fireplace, which is used as a reception room and for 
social gatherings. Its polished floor and brilliant electric lights make it peculiarly 
fitting as a place of amusement, and dances, gernians, progressive euchre and musicals 
are given here under the direction of Edwin Jeffrey, master of ceremonies, ably 
assisted by a fine orchestra. They also have an extensive dining hall, with ample 
capacity for seating three hundred people, and an Otis electric elevator, of the best 
construction and entirely fire-proof, connects with all floors. 



STEPHEN WILLIAMS NEWBURY. 

Stephen Williams Newbury, one of the most useful and successful business men 
of Asbury Park, was born at Manasquan, New Jersey, October ii, 1846. His father, 
Tyler Newbury, was also born at Manasquan (in 1812), where he lived all his life, 
a farmer by occupation and the owner of a large and valuable farm. The elder New- 
bury was the father of seven children. Those still living are as follows : Amelia, 
who became the wife of Jeremiah Yeomans; Stephen Williams; Zilpha, who became 
the wife of Charles Bergen: Sarah, who became the wife of Frank Lohgstreet : George; 
and Charles. He died in 1873. aged sixty-two years. His widow is still living, at the age 
of seventy-nine years. 

Stephen Newbury, grandfather of our subject, was a farmer, a fisherman and a 
successful man of business of Manasquan, and at the time of his death possessed con- 
siderable property. He died at the venerable age of ninety years, and his widow 
passed away in advanced years. Stephen Williams Newbury was educated in the public 
schools of his native village. He early learned the carpenter's trade, which he fol- 
lowed as a journeyman for several years. At the age of twenty years he engrged in 
contracting and building, first at Elizabeth and later at Manasquan. finally locating at 
Point Pleasant, where he continued in business from 1874 to l88g. during which time 
he erected many public buildings and large hotels at Spring Lake and other places, 
employing on his contracts as many as forty men. In i88g he engaged in dealing in 
western horses, conducting sales-stables at Manasquan. and handling as many as a 
carload a month, many high priced horses among them. He continued in this busi- 
ness until 1896. since which time he has been engaged in the livery business at 
Asbury Park. 

He is a member of Excelsior Lodge. I, O. O. F., at Manasquan, of Wall Lodge, 



J46 HISTORY OF THE XEW ^RSEY COAST. 



Free and Accepted Masons, and of Goodwin Royal Arch Chapter. He is a Republi- 
can in politics and is quite active in public affairs. He formerlj- held the offices of 
treasurer and collector at ^^anas(luan for several years. 

Mr. Newbury was married December 24, 1868. to Mis^; Jane Sutphin. and to 
them were born six children, two of whom died in infancy. Those still living are as 
follows: Adeline, who became the wife of James Cregg. their children being Stephen, 
Katharine and Florence ; the next child was George, w*ho married Marion Palmer, 
and they had one child. Claud ; Frank married Miss Cornelia Palmer ; and Howard 
married Ada Brown, and they have one child. 



ROBERT E. STEPHAXV. 

Among the citizens of .Atlantic City w'hose effort was ever active, public-spirited, 
and devoted to its advancement, none was regarded more favorably than Robert E. 
Stephany, the late city recorder. Robert E. Stephany was born at Egg Harbor City, 
New Jersey, October 6, 1872. His father w-as August Stephany, a native of Xord- 
hausen, Germany, where he was born December 16. 1841. The latter came to this 
country in 1858, and soon thereafter secured employment on the "Staats Zeitung." 
In 1865 he removed to Egg Harbor City, then almost in its infancy. He held the 
positions of city clerk and justice of the peace, and was admitted to the bar in Feb- 
ruary, 1881. 

Robert E. Stephany received jais-cducatioa iii-.the public schools of his native 
village, from which he was graduated in 1887. Upon his removing to Atlantic City 
he entered the law office of his father as a student, and after completing his studies 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in 1894, and as a counselor in November, 1897. 
,On January i, 1895, he became associated with his father under the style of A. 
Stephany & Son. This partnership was only dissolved by the death of the elder Mr., 
Stephany. Subsequent to that time Robert E. Stephany conducted the business most 
successfully up to the date of his decease, September 2, 1901. He had a large clientele, 
and deservedly won the confidence and respect of all who had occasion to test his 
professional ability. As city recorder Mr. Stephany filled the position most creditably 
from his election to that position in 1900. 



GEORGE COMSTOCK. 



George Comstock, of the highlands of Navesink, New Jersey, was born in New 
York City, January 21, 1827, a son of David Comstock, w'ho w-as born in Granville, 
Vermont, but later removed to New York City, w'here he spent the greater part of 
his life. He served in the war of 1812-14. and participated in the battle of Lake 
Champlain, under the command of Commodore McDonough. 

George Comstock pursued the usual course of education in the public schools 
of New York, and when fifteen years of age he enlisted in the United States navy 
as an apprentice boy on board the brig "Somers." He served for three years luider 
Captain Alexander Slidill Mackenzie, wh6 was connected with the West Indian 
station. Later he entered the merchant marine service in the packet line of ships 
plying between New York and New Orleans, Louisiana, being on the ships "Galena" 
-and "Union," and served for five vears. For the following nine years he acted in 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 247 

the capacity of shipwright imdcr Bell & Brown, ship builders, in New York. During 
the Mexican war Mr. Comstock served on two government transports, one being the 
propeller "Eudora." which carried munitions of war from the Baton Rouge arsenal 
'lo General Taylor at Matamoras. Mexico, and the other was the ship "Hercules," 
which conveyed munitions of war to General .Scott at Vera Cruz after tlie bom- 
bardment and before the capture of the city of Mexico. After leaving the service of 
the United States navy Mr. Comstock followed a seafaring life for many years. He 
then decided to go to California, where he spent the years from 1854 to 1856 in 
mining. Subsequently he removed to the highlands of Navesink and for twenty-five 
years he was engaged in se.i fishing. One day he was out fishing with two otlier com- 
panions, when their boat was capsized and his comrades were drowned, but he man- 
aged to cling to the boat and was finally rescued seven miles from .t/he coast, the boat 
being wrecked. This accident caused him to abandon that line of work, and he then 
built a number of houses, disposing of all but two, which he still retains in his 
possession. 

Mr. Comstock was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Hutton, daughter of 
George Hutton. a seaman. In his political aflSliations he is a Republican, and he served 
for three years in the volunteer fire department of New York. 



E. WELLING LEON.\RD. 

One of the representative farmers and dairymen of Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, is E. AVclling Leonard, who is a descendant of one of the loyal subjects of 
King George the Second, of England. It is recorded in the family annals that in the 
thirteenth year of the reign of said ruler, in 1739. a commission was issued to 
Nathaniel Leonard. Gentleman, appointing him lieutenant of Middletown Middle 
Company, of what is now known .as New Jersey. This Nathaniel married a wife 
named Deliverance, and they had four sons, namely: John, who was born in 1738, 
emigrated to Cuba, married a Spanish lady and established a home there; Nathaniel, 
■who was born in 1739; Joseph, who was born in 1743: Samuel: Sarah: and Annie. 

Captain Thomas Leonard, who was the paternal great-grandfather of our subject, 
was born in 1753 and married Alice Lawrence, the children of this union being 
Elizabeth. William and Joseph. In early life Capt. Thomas Leonard followed a 
sea-faring existence, being master of a vessel which sailed along the coast between 
New York and his native town.ship. sometimes even going to ports as far south as 
Virginia. Soon after his marriage he abandoned the water, bought a farm of forty 
acres of land and settled down to agriculture and merchandising. A stanch Re- 
publican and a consistent Baptist, he was regarded as one of the reliable and sub- 
stantial citizens of his native place. 

William Leonard, a son of Capt. Thomas and the grandfather of our subject, 
first married Elizabeth .\pplegate. and to this marriage six children w'cre born, as 
follows: Richard A.. John S.. Thomas. Mary. William and Elizabeth. His second 
marriage was to Elizabeth Conover, from which there was no issue. 

William Leonard, son of William and father of our subject, was born in 1819, 
and died in 1885. His farming lands comprised one hundred acres and he was one 
of the largest and most successful truck farmers of his locality. For many years he 
was an honored member of the Baptist church, in which he w-as a trustee, and his 
political sympathies were with the Republican party. He was highly esteemed in his 
home in Atlantic Highlands, and when he passed away the county Igst a loyal 



248 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

citizen and an estimable man. His wife was formerly Abigail Grover. who was a 
daughter of James and Deborah Grover. A large family was born to these parents, 
but only three yet survive, these being: E. ^^'elling. our subject; John S., also a sub- 
ject; and Mrs. D. Woodward. 

E. Welling Leonard was born at Leonardsville. New Jersey, on March 25. 1847, 
and lie was reared and educated in Middletown. bis native township. Since attain- 
ing his maturity he has been continuously engaged in agricultural pursuits, one-half 
of his father's farm belonging to him. Our subject, in connection with his brother, 
conducts one of the most popular dairies in the county, the output from this estab- 
lishment meeting with ready sale on account of its uniform excellence. 

Mr. Leonard was married in 1871 to Miss Mary E. Hendrickson, who was born 
at Nut Swamp, and who was a daughter of Daniel and Mary Hendrickson. To this 
marriage these children have been born, namely : William W.. born on February 13. 
1872, married Mabel L. Leonard, and they have one son, Harold ; Philip, born on 
April 18, 187s, married Eva Laux ; and Abigail G.. born on March 23. 1881. 

M'r. Leonard and family are connected with the First Baptist church of Atlantic 
Highlands, where he fills the ofiice of deacon with dignity and consistency. 



JOHN S. LEONARD. 



John S. Leonard, of Leonardsville. New Jersey, is a descendant of one of the 
oldest and most honorable families in this country, and they maintain a notable or- 
ganization known as the "Leonard Family Genealogical. Historical and Memorial As- 
sociation." This association is composed of hundreds of members, who are dispersed 
throughout the entire United States. In July, 1901, they held their annual meeting in 
Taunton, Mas.sachusetts, under the auspices of the Old Colony Historical Association. 
The first ancestor of the name of whom there is any recoid was Nathaniel Leonard. 
Gentleman, who received a commission in 1739. the thirtCLnth year of His Majesty 
George the Second's reign, appointing him lieutenant of Middletown Middle Com- 
pany. He married and had four children, namely: John, born in 1738, emigrated to 
Cuba and married a Spanish lady; Nathaniel, liorn in 1739. of whom there is no 
trace at the present time; Joseph, born in 1743. married Minnie Bray; Samuel, who 
married Lydia Madden ; Sarah ; and Annie Leonard. Thomas Leonard, great-grana- 
father of John S. Leonard, was born in 1753, and married Alice Lawrence, and three' 
children were born of this union: Elizabeth. William and Joseph Leonard. William 
Leonard, second son of Thomas and Alice Leonard and the grandfather of John S. 
Leonard, in early life became a seafaring man, sailing vessels between Middletown 
and New York, and at times extending his voyages to Virginia. He was twice mar- 
ried, his first wife having been Miss Elizabeth Applegate. and the following named 
children were born lo them : Richard. Mary. Thomas. John S.. Will am and Eliza- 
beth. For his second wife he married Miss Elizabeth Conovcr. After his marriage 
he abandoned the •perils of the deep to become a farmer and merchant. William, 
the fourth son of William and Elizabeth Leonard, married .-Kbigail. daughter of the 
late James Grover, of Shrewsbury. Three children were born to them: E. Welling, 
Deborah G. and John S. Leonard. The last named was born December 6. 1852. He 
received his early education in the Peddie Institute, and this was supplemented later 
by a course of study in Eastman's Business College, .^fter completing his studies he 
entered upon his business career as a commission merchant in Washington Market, 
New York City, where he remained for eight years, conducting a large and remun- 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 249 

erative trade. Later he turned his attention to farmiing on a portion of the old 
ancestral Leonard homestead, where he has resided for the past fourteen years. He 
is principally engaged in truck gardening and dairying, at which he has l)een very 
successful. 

Mr. Leonard was united in marriage to Miss Jennie Frost, daughter of Daniel 
Frost, an old and respected citizen of that locality. Three children have hcen born 
to them, namely: Daniel F., Welling and Lillian P. Leonard. 



WILLI.\M E. WOOLLEY. 

Raritan Bay has been made known in the markets of the world through its 
oyster exportation, and particularly from its largest oyster shipping point, Keyport. 
And in this line of business no firm in the bay region is so well known, as is that of 
Elsworth & Company, one of the oldest and largest in extent of operation. William 
E. Woolley, a member of the firm named, is a son of Charles and Mary W'oolley. 
The father was a commission merchant, carrying on a large business in New York 
City and making his home in Keyport. where he died at the age of forty-five years; 
his widow is yet living, aged seventy-one years. Their children were Angeline, 
William E., Lavinia, Alice and Frank. 

William E. Woolley, only son in the family named, was born in Marlliorough. 
Monmouth county, July 30, 1852. He was educated in a private school in his native 
town, and as a youth followed various industrial pursuits. He subsequently engaged 
in oyster planting, and is recognized as one of the most capable and successful pioneer 
planters in Raritan Bay. He aided in the establishment of the celebrated firm of 
Elsworth & Company, planters and wholesale dealers and exporters of oysters, whose 
product reaches not only all portions of the United States but also Canada and 
Europe. The central offices of the firm are in New York City, with a shipping office 
in Keyport. Mr. Woolley is actively identified with the operations of this great con- 
cern and has personal charge of the extensive oyster fields, a task for which he 
is eminently well fitted by reason of his long experience. He is loyally devoted to the 
famous old town which is his home, and is interested in all that conduces to its pros- 
perity and development. He has served for five years past as chief of the Keyport 
fire department. He is a member of the orders of Free Masons. Red Men and the 
Royal Arcanum, and of New- York Harbor Pilot Association No. I. 



DR. A. J. JACKSON. 



Dr. \. J. Jackson, of Matawan, New Jersey, and a worthy descendant of an old 
English family, was born in Pouglikeepsie, New York, December 24, 1842. His 
paternal grandfather, Robert Jackson, was born in Yorkshire, England, from whence 
he emigrated to this country, and settled in Wisconsin, where he remained until his 
death. Dr. Robert Jackson, doctor of veterinary surgery, and father of Dr. .\. J. 
Jackson, was also born in Yorkshire, England, in 1806. He acquired his education at 
Hanover, that country, subsequently taking up the study of veterinary surgery, which 
he practiced all his life. While in his young manhood Dr. Jackson came to America 
and took up his residence in Poughkeepsie. New York, where he established the most 
extensive trade in that line of business at that time in New York. He married Miss 



2 50 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

• 

Nancy Hodge, and the following named children were born to them : Robert, now 
deceased, who held for many years a responsible position in the business department 
of the "New York World:" William, a veterinary surgeon; James; A. J.; Walter, 
a veterinary surgeon ; and Mary E. Jackson. 

Dr. A, J. Jack?on received his preliminary education in the public schools of 
Poughkeepsie, this being supplemented later by a course in MacGeorge's .Xcademy, 
Eastman's Business College and Bellevue Medical College. He was graduated in 1872 
at the Buffalo Medical University and began the practice of his profession in Buffalo, 
New York, but shortly afterwar'J 'was persuaded" by some friends to remove to 
Matawan, New Jersey, where he has since been considered the most skillful physi- 
cian in the town. His extensive practice is not confined to local patronage alone, 
but covers a wide range of territory in Monmouth county. His characteristics are 
thoroughly in harmony with his professional life, to which can be attributed much 
of his popularity, and he also has marked ability from a professional standpoint. The 
Doctor is a member of the Monmouth Coimty Medical Society, and also of the Free 
and -Accepted Masons, the Royal Arcanum and the Red Men. He also acts in the 
capacity of examiner for the New York Life. Mutual and other insurance companies. 

Dr. Jackson was united in irarriage to Mrs. Eleanor Vanderbilt Crane, of Mata- 
wan, New Jersey, in 1876. 



H.\RRV T. HAG.\MAN. 

Harry T. Hagaman is the founder, editor and proprietor of the Lakewood Citizen, 
which was established November 9. 1500. and is a w-orthy representative of the jour- 
nalistic interests of the Jersey coast. He was born near Toms River, New Jersey. June 
:;, 1869, and is the son of John and Alice (Applegate) Hagaman. His father wa.J 
born in 1845, was reared upon a farm, where were instilled into his mind lessons of 
industry and honesty, which have proved of great practical benefit to him in the 
years of his manhood, resulting in a successful business career and an honorable citi- 
zenship. He first took a prominent part in political affairs in 1880, as an advocate 
of Republican principles. For six years he served as constable ait Toms River, and 
in November, 1890, was elected sheriff of Ocean county, defeating one of the strongest 
Democrats in the county, the Hon. A. W. Irons, now deceased. He prove.! a mo.;t 
capable officer, discharging his duties in a fearless manner and with marked prompt- 
ness, so that his public career is entirely blameless. Socially he is connected with the 
Rauni Lodge, No. 132, Independent Or^er of Odd Fellows, of Toms River, of which 
he was thrice nohk grand. He is past patriarch of the encampment and is the senior 
warden of Harmony Lodge, No. 18, Free and Accepted Masons, of Toms River, 
while with the Knights of Pythias, of Silverton, New Jersey, he holds membership. 
In his religious faith he is a Methodist and is serving as treasurer of the church in 
which he and his wife are members. Mrs. Hagaman is also active in the work of the 
church and its auxiliary societies, and is a most earnest Christian woman. She was 
born in Ocean county and is descended from one of the old families of Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey. By her marriage she became the mother of three 
children : Grace Lee Hagaman, deceased ; Ada L., a graduate of the State Normal 
.School who for seven years was a successful teacher in Bergen county. New Jersey, 
and who in 1901 taught at Rutherford, this state; she was married April I, 1902, 
tc Rev, Frederick Richardson, of Clinton, New Jersey, 

Harry T. Hagaman, the only son of the family, was reared in his parents' home 
and pursued a high scliool course of study in Toms River. He also received private 




(fkyOAA^ U /^oyQ-cui^^^-c^-^^^ 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. ^5,1 

instruction in bookkeeping an;l other higher branches of learning, and thus entered 
i:pon his business career well equipped for its practical and responsible duties. He 
laid the foundation for his Journali^tic career as an employe in the office of tlie 
Ocean County Democrat, where aft«r two years' service he was promoted to the 
position of foreman, acting in that capacity through the succeeding decade. In 1895 
lie removed to West Hoboken. \ew Jersey, #here he purchased a newspaper plant and 
for about a year edited the North Hudson Leader, at the end of which time he sold 
put to Berggren Brothers. Removing then to Long Island, he accepted the position 
of business manager of ihe Islip Herald, and after serving one year in that ca- 
pacity, went to Asbury Park as pressman in the office of the Daily Press. Poor 
health at length forced him to resign that place and he returned to his former po- 
sition as business manager of the Islip Herald. When a year more had gone by he 
returned to the office of the Ocean County Democrat, where he had first been em- 
ployed, and remained there two years, at the expiration of which period he came to 
Lakewood, and on the 9th of November, 1000, Jie established the Lakewood Citizen. 
The office is furnished with power which operates the presses, and is w^ell equipped 
with modern machinery and an excellent printing outfit. The Citizen is published as 
an independent Republican paper, devoted to the interests of the locality and the 
dissemination of general news, and already it has become an important and valuable 
factor in the town, beirg the champion of all progressive measures and movements: 
On the 26th of June, 1895, Mr. Hagaman married Miss Maude Walton, the ac- 
complished daughter of George L. and Mary E. (Bailey) Walton. They have an in- 
teresting little son, Casper Lyle, who was born January i, 1898. Mrs. Hagaman was 
born at Toms River, November 20, 1870. Mr. Haganian is a valued member of 
.several fraternal and benevolent organizations, including Harmony Lodge, No. 18, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Toms River, of which he is a past master. He is also 
a past grand of Raum Lodge, No. ij!2. Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Toms 
River, past sachem of the M.innahassett Tribe No. 95, Improved Order of Red Men : 
and the Magnolia Council of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics, the 
last two named being also local organizations of Toms River. He is likewise past 
chancellor cf the Knights of Pythias lodge in Lakewood. He stands as a representa- 
tive type of the progressive American citizen, who in the midst of active business 
cares finds time to devote to the best interests of his town, state and nation, and who 
by a busy, useful and upright life retains the respect of his fellow-men. 



JOHN G. GARRETSON. 

A half century ago John G. Garretson, then a young man, first came to Perth 
Amboy. Since that time he has been an important factor in the development of the 
city, and no man has ever lived within its borders who has been or is more highly 
esteemed or sincerely respected. Few if any residents here have a wider acquaintance, 
and certainly none have a more extended circle of friends, for added to the qualities 
that have made him a reliable business man and a loyal citizen are certain social 
elements which have rendered him a genial and companionable man, gaining for him 
the good will and regard of all. 

.\ native of New Brunswick, New Jersey, Mr. Garretson was born on the ijtli 
of August, 1829. a son of Garritt I. and Cornelia De Hart (Suydam) Garretson. The 
Garretson family was one of the first to establish a home in that locality, and through 
many years its representatives were prominent in the development of that portion ot 



252 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

ihe state. John Garretson being one of the most influential and leading men of his 
neighborhood. He was the grandfather of our subject. Prior to the building of 
railroads the family engaged in carting between Perth Amboy, New Brunswick and 
Trenton. Garritt I. Garretson followed the same pursuit, his route being between 
Perth Amboy and Trenton. He married Miss Cornelia D. Suydam. a daughter of 
Rike Suydam, who served throughout t?ie Revolutionary war as one of the brave 
and loyal soldiers of the Continental army. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Garretson 
was blessed with four children : John G., of this review ; Peter, who died in child- 
hood; Ferdinand, who is a graduate of Yale College and is a minister of the Con- 
gregational church, now located in Seattle, Washington ; and Samuel, who is engaged 
m the real estate business and is also- a justice of the peace in Perth Amboy. Sam- 
uel served throughout the war of the Rebellion, and John and Ferdinand, who were 
drafted for the service, sent substitutes to the front. 

John G. Garretson spent the first twenty years of his life in New Brunswick, 
during which time he mastered the branches of learning taught in the public schools. 
He afterw-ard learned the ship-carpenter's trade, at which he worked on Staten 
Inland for three years, from 1849 until 1852, and then came to Perth Amboy, where 
for si.x years he engaged in building and overhauling vessels on his own account. 
Later he engaged in the butchering business for ten years, and then entered the 
service of the Camden & Amboy Railway Company, now the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company, with which he remained for more than three decades, or until he had 
attained the age of three score years and ten, when he was put upon the pension 
list. He is one of the oldest employes of the company. He had charge of the liarge 
and schooner department of the road, and that he gave excellent satisfaction is indi- 
cated in an unmistakable manner by the fact of his long retention in the service. 
During his early connection with the road he made himself familiar with every detail 
of the work which lay in his department, and was therefore capable of superintending 
the interests of the company to the best advantage. 

Mr. Garretson throughout his residence in Perth .\mboy has taken a deep interest 
in everything pertaining to the welfare of the city and to its promotion along lines of 
substantial improvement and material progress. In politics he is a stanch Democrat, 
and in 1856 was elected a member of the city council and in 185" as one of the 
aldermen. On four different occasions he was also a member of the board of chosen 
freeholders, his term of service covering about ten years, during which time he served 
as a director of the board and as chairman of the finance committee, also on many 
other committees. During the Rebellion he assisted in issuing bonds for the payment 
of substitutes for the drafts, and although this was considered unconstitutional, th« 
bill was passed through the legislature and the bonds were legal. For more than 
twenty-one years Mr. Garretson was overseer of the poor, and also served on the 
board of education. In 1872, while holding both those offices, he was elected mayor 
of the city. He then resigned the other positions in order to devote liis entire time 
to the duties of chief executive of the city, and capably administered the public affairs 
of Perth .-Xmboy from 1872 until 1874. He was again elected mayor in 1882, and was 
city treasurer for seven years. He has held many minor offices and positions of 
public trust, and over the record of his official career there falls no shadow of wrong 
or suspicion of evil. 

Mr. Garretson w'as united in marriage to Miss Rachel Vcrvalen, who was born 
in New York City but was reared in Rockland county. New York. The children 
of this marriage are: Captain Joseph Garretson, who is commanding a vessel owned 
by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company ; Mary J., the wife of Robert McCan : Edith, 
at home ; Captain Elvert S. Garretson, who is also commander of one of the vessels 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 253 

owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company : John, who died at the age of twenty- 
six years; and Cornelia, who died at the age of nine years. .A.fter a happy married life 
of thirty-three years the wife and mother was called to her final rest, and two years 
later our subject married Anna W. Hubbard, of Utica, New York. 

Mr. Garretson is identified with the Masonic order, being a member of Raritan 
Lodge. No. 61. and for fifty-one years he has been a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and in his life has exemplified the beneficent spirit of the fraterni- 
ties. He likewise holds membership in the Methodist Episcopal church, and for 
thirty-five years has been a member of its board of trustees, acting as its president 
during a portion of the time. He is the author of the Municipal History of Perth 
Amboy, which appears in the General History of this volume, and no man is better 
prepared to write or, such a subject than Mr. Garretson, who has been so closely 
identified with official life here through many years. While in the service of the 
railroad company he traveled over a million miles, visiting every city of importance 
in the country and covering fourteen states. He thus added greatly to his knowl- 
edge, for travel proves one of the most effective schools. He is broad in his views and 
liberal in his judgments, strong in his convictions and earnest in his opinions. Self- 
willed but not obstinate, a strong, stalwart character whose life record will bear 
the closest scrutiny without suffering criticism. Such men leave a lasting impression 
for good, and the story of their lives cannot fail to exert a beneficial influence on the 
youths of the succeeding generations.' 



ELISHA SHEPARD CONOVER SCHANCK. 

Elisha S. C. Schanck. one of the old time substantial farmers of .\tlantic township, 
Monmouth county. New Jersey; was born on the homestead farm. Pleasant Valley, in 
the year 18.57. and died in i88s. He was the son of Garrett D. Schanck and Sarah .\nn 
Schanck, and came 01' Holland stock. The family was established in colonial days and 
became conspicuous during the Revolution. His great-grandfather. Garrett Schanck, 
fought in the war of 1776. and was commissioned caiptain in the Fifth Regiment, 
city and county of New York. October 9, 1793. The original commission is still in 
possession cf Mrs. E. A. Schanck, and recites that the captain was in the regiment of 
Lieutenant-Colonel James M. Hughes. The commission is signed October 9, 1793, by 
Governor George Clinton and Lewis A. Scott, secretary. The original seal is still 
affixed to the conmiission, and the document is in a good state of preservation. 

The Schancks came to Monmoutli, county. New Jersey, after the war of the 
Revolution. Garrett D. Schanck. father of Elisha S. C. Schanck, was a native of the 
township of Marlborough, and a lifelong farmer. 

Elisha S. C. Schanck attended the early schools of his day. was reared to farm 
life, and spent his early days on the homestead farm. He then lx)ught a small farm of 
Samuel \V. Jones, where he lived and died, after living an active, influential, and sub- 
stantial life as a citizen and farmer. He became identified with the current life of 
his native township, and was foremost in helping on the advance made in the material 
growth of town and county during the years of his useful and well spent life. He was 
an active nieniber of the Dutch Reformed church at Holmdel. and exerted a wide 
influence in religious circles. 

In 1867 Eiisha S. C. Schanck was married to Eliza Ann Jones, a farmer's daughter 
of ,\ilantic township. They have two childien: Williard Schanck, living with his 
mother at Freehold: and Marianna, now the wife of Jacob L. Pittenger, a farmer cf 
Freehold township. 



2 54 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

Mrs. Schanck's parents were Mr. and Mrs. Samuel W. Jones, natives of Monmouth 
county, who died on their farm in Atlantic township, in 1888 and 1890 respectively. 
Their children were Jacob S., William L., Daniel, George S., Samuel, and Isaac W., 
all of whom are farmers of Monmouth county; Garrett S.. a bank cashier in Rahway; 
and Sarah Jane, now Mrs. Garrett V. Conovcr. Mrs. Schanck is living at home in 
Freehold, with her son Williard, having made this her home since her husband's death 
ill 1886. 



HON. WILLIAM HENRY BENNETT. 

A man who has won for himself a place among the prominent and highly 
respected citizens of Bennett Mills, Ocean county. New Jersey, is William H. Ben- 
nett, who through his industry, his upright and honorable principles, and his genial 
nature, well merits the confidence and esteem in which he is held by his fellow men. 
He is a representative of one of t'he early families who settled in that portion of the 
country, his great-grandparents, Samuel and Mary Bennett, being residents of Toms 
River. Of the children born to this w'orthy couple was Aaron, born August 27, 1750, 
who passed away December 5, 1834. Unto him and his wife, Margaret Bennett, were 
born several children, one of whom was Moses, the father of our subject. His birth 
occurred at Toms River, July i, 178^. For thirty years Moses 'Bennett followed 
the sea as an occupation and became one of the safest and most experienced pilots 
that sailed a vessel from Barnegat'~Bay. DufnTg' this time he had accumulated 
considerable property in Toms River, but in 18^5 removed from this place to Bennett 
Mills, having left the sea and emfcarked in llie nidling business. He purchased the 
mill property stil! known as Bennnet Mills from the ftrm of Stilwell & Cook, thor- 
oughly renovating and repairing it and putting it into operation, and thus contmued 
the business until 1840. At one time he was candidate for a member of the assembly, 
but was defeated only by a small majority. In all circles of society Mr. Bennett 
was active and inrtuential. In educational work he was especially interested, bein.g 
earnest and zealous in all matters that would provide educational advantages for 
the children. At his own expense he built and equipped a school, as well as hiring 
a teacher, and in all movements pertaining to the advancement and welfare of his 
community he lent his material support. The cause of Christianity was advanced 
by his earnest endeavors, as well as by his financial support, he being a consistent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he served as class leader, and 
his opinions in all matters pertaining to church government carried great weight 
with the congregation. His home was always- a place of entertainment for the minis- 
ters of the church, and indeed the latch string to his door always hung on the out- 
side to those who came to him for aid. His acts of philanthropy were widely known 
and his influence for good was felt throughout the community in which he resided. 
He left to his children a legacy of far greater worth than n>ere worldly possessions; 
that of honesty, integrity and noble purpose. Moses Bennett was twice married. He 
first led to the marriage altar Miss Patience Lnlay, who was bcrn January 24, 178S. 
This union was blessed with eight chddrenr Caroline, born in 1807; David I., born 
in 1808 ; George W., whose birth occurred in 1810 ; Margaret, who was born in 
1812; Abig.iil, born in 181.^,; May A., born iii 1817; Moses C, whose birth occurred in 
1S20; and ."Varon E., born in 1822. After the death of his wife he was joined in 
marriage to htr sister, Lucretia Imlay, w.ho was born August 23, 1795. To this 
latter uni in were born seven children, namely: Patience, born in 1823; Charles P., 
born in 1825; Amelia, whose birth occurred in 1827; Hannah A., who was born in 





^ByP-t^^^-Z^€^i^f-^^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 255 

1S30; Williani H., born March 19. 1832; Sarah E.. bom in 1834; and CaroHne A., 
laorn September 22, 184c. The father lived to be sixty-three years of age. his death 
occurring on the 4th of April, 1846. Mrs. Bennett survived her husband many 
years, she jiassing away in December. 1861. 

William H. Bennett, whose name introduces this record, is the fifth in order 
of birth under the latter union. His early education was received (in the common 
schools of his native township, where he laid a firm foundation for his future life. 
Upon iinislnng his education he taught school in his native state and in Ohio, whither 
he removed, and where he also engaged in mercantile pursuits. In 1856. however, 
he returned to New Jersey, where he has since resided and where he has risen to 
prominence through his ability in the political as well as the mercantile lines. 

Mr. Bennett responded to the call for troops in defense of the Union in 1862, 
enlisting in Company E, Twenty-eighth New Jersey \'olunteer Infantry : he served 
for the full term of the enlistment, and received an honorable discharge as 
orderly sergeant. He participated in the battles of Fredericksburg (December 13. 
1862) and in the two d.nys' terrible engagement at Chancellorsville. May 3 and 4. 1863. 
. In connection with his active business career and while also discharging tlie 
duties of the public office to which he has been elected, he has followed agricultural 
pursuits quite extensively, in which he has met with marked success. In i860 
he was superintendent of schools in Jackson township. In 1880 tlie citizens 
of his county, not only members of the Republican party, to which, he be- 
longed, but the opponents of the party, elected him to a seat in the assembly, which 
office he filled with credit to, himself aiid benefit to his constituency. For two years 
shortly thereafter he served as the engrossing officer cf the assembly. He has also 
held the office of justice of the peace for ten years and other minor offices in the 
township, always discharging his duties with promptness and decision, and proving 
himself to be a man of ability and trustworthiness. 

On the igth of November, 1S63. Mr. Bennett was united in marriage to Miss 
Kessiah Strickland, a lady of intelligence and refinement, who was to him a loving and 
faithful companion during her married life. She passed away on the i/th of May, 
1892, greatly mourned by her husband and many friends, who esteemed her for 
her many excellencies of character. The youngest sister of Mr. Bennett. Caroline 
A., was united in marriage to Gilbert L. Bilyew. a native of I'pper Freehold. Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, who was born in 1S42. and who pas-ed away at 
Toms River in October, 1879. They had one child. Laufa B. 

Hon. William H. Bennett is now enioying the fruits, of his former labors and 

can look back upon a well spent life, full of noble purpose, upright dealings, ri;vl 

acts of kindness and generosity. His influence has always been for good along all 

' lines, both in public and private life, and those with whom he has been associated 

revere and honor him for his true worth. 



CAPTAIN JACOB BORDEN. 

Captain Jacob Borden comes from a line of sturdy and industrious English 
ancestors. There were three brothers of the name that emigrated from County Ken'. 
England, to this country in 1C36. Richard Borden settled at Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, but which is now included in the state of New Hampshire. Joseph Borden 
settled at Bordcntown, New Jersey, and he became the ancestor of our subject. Jacob 
Borden, and the other brother located at Shrewsbury. Monmouth county, New Jersey, 



256 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY CO'AST. 

now known as Red Bank. George Borden, grandfather of Jacob Borden, was a son of 
Asher Bordeii : he was a thorough business man and accumulated considerable wealth 
during his life time. The fatlicr of Jacob Borden is still living at AUentown, Xew 
Jersey. By occupation he was a farmer, but when he reached the age of seventy-three 
years he retired from the active duties of life. 

Captain Jacob Borden was born in Upper Freehold township, Monmouth county, 
Xew Jersey, on October ig, 1851. He was reared on his father's farm and attended the 
public schools of his native to\*n ; when he attained the age cxf twelve years, he 
enlisted as a private in the Third Regiment, National Guards of New Jersey ; after a 
short period of time he was promoted to be color sergeant of Company A, then he 
became first lieutenant, and finally was appointed captain of the same company. Cap- 
tain Borden distinguished himself during his career in the regiment as a sharp shooter, 
and he was presented with nine marksman's medals which he received nine years in 
succession. For the past twenty-five years he has been connected with the Asbury 
Park police department. 

Captain Borden is one of the most prominent Masons of South Jersey. He is 
a member of the Free and Accepted Masons, No. 143, Asbury Lodge. Standard 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, Corson Commandery, No. 15, Knights Templar, and the 
Mecca Temple Order of Mystic Shrine. 

Captain Jacoij Borden was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Cafiley. and three 
children have been born to them, namely: May A., Olga B., and Lillian B. Borden. 



EDWARD HARTENSTELN. 

After a life spent in following various occupations. Edward Hartenstein has settled 
down into one of the most affable and popular hotel proprietors of Monmouth county. 
His present hostelry is located at Freneau, New Jersey, his house being one of the 
oldest in that section, it for the past one hundred years having been conducted as a 
hotel. Since possessing this property Mr. Hartenstein has greatly enhanced its value, 
having enlarged the building and thoroughly renovated and otherwise generally im- 
proved the grand old place. The hctel is conducted on a first-class scale, has com- 
modious roomi, well and handsomely fitted up with new furnishings: new barns and 
sheds have been erected, and in fact every convenience and accommodation is- at thi; 
disposal of its guests. 

JMr. Hartenstein was born June 27. i8.s8, in the city of Hartford, Connecticut, 
in W'hich he acquired his education and whence he started out on his business career. 
He was first engaged in the general market business at Rockville, Connecticut, where 
he continued for several years. From this he branched out n\ an entirely different 
direction, becoming manager of several theatrical companies, and in this capacity 
lie traveled through tfie New England states for several years. Again he made a 
distinct chmge, this time entering the restaurant business, which he followed for 
eighteen years in the city of New York. He was next engaged as manager of the 
Montclair Club House; this jiosilion. however, he soon abandoned to become pro- 
prietor of the Mansion House at Montclair, New Jersey. He continued to con- 
duct this well-known hotel until February, lyoi, when he sold out and bought his 
present property at Freneau. 

The parents of Mr. Hartenstein were Tobias and Elizabeth Hartenstein, both 
natives of Germany, who emigrated to America In early life. The father entered 
into the boot and shoe business in Hartford, Connecticut, and his venture was most 




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HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. 257 

successful. He and his wife both were held in high esteem by every one in the locality. 

Mr. Hartenstein o^vcs his success to the manner in which he treats his patrons, 
making them feel that he is desirous of pleasing them in every way. 

Mrs. Hartenstein, formerly Mrs. I.oie Morton, was a daughter of Charles Apple- 
gate, of Morgan, Middlesex county. Her marriage look place May 5, 1896. Mr. 
Hartenstein is a member of the following fraternal organizations : The New York 
Lodge of Elks; the Montclair Lodge, No. 144, Free and Accepted Masons; the Red 
Men of Bloomfield, and the Foresters of New York City. He claims independence 
in the matter of politics. 

♦-•-• 

OLIVF.R H. BROWN. 

Oliver H\itY Brown was b-irn Deccmher 12. I'-^S,;. i;i Farmingdale, New Jersey, 
and paternally is of Sco ch extraction. His father, Peter Brown, a younger son of a 
Scotch family which for generations had numbeed amongst its members educators 
and preceptors, left his native land when nineteen years of age and with several 
others of about his years came to the United States. Previous to leaving Scotland he 
had learned the tailor's trade, and upon his arrival in New York pursued that voca- 
tion. Having met, wooed and married Sarah M.gill, who was a native of Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, and whose ancestors f^r several generations had resided there, 
he located in Farmingdale. where he established himself in business. Upon the out- 
break of the war of the Rebellion he tendered his services to the government, and 
having had some knowledge of military tactics was employed in the recruiting service, 
being for the first two or three years of the war occupied in drilling recruits. Two of 
hi; sons were old enough to enlist and entered the army, and as soon as his duties 
enabled him to do so he accepted a commission as first lieutenant in the Fourteenth 
Regiment. New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. While participating in the second battle 
of Cold Harbor he was wounded and taken as a prisoner to Libby prison, where his 
left arm was amputated and where he died shortly afterward. 

The boyhood days of the subject of this memoir were passed in liis native 
county. At the age of eighteen he entered upon his mercantile career. He was 
ambitious, energetic and determined to work his way to success, but he little dreamed 
of the rewards the future had in store for him. He became a clerk in the general 
store of William Laird in New Branch, now Avon, at a salary of fifteen dollars a 
month and board. Attentive to business and zealous in behalf of his employer's in- 
terests, he proved himself worthy of trust, and during the second year of his associ- 
ation with Mr. Laird was placed in charge of the business. In 187,? he was offered 
a position with Mr. John A. Githenj, at Asbury Park, the principal merchant there, 
and remained in his employ for eight years, spending seven years of the time as chief 
clerk. He was industrious and economical and saved a portion of each year's income, 
so that when, in his judgment, opportunities for safe investments offering reasonable 
chances for profit were presented he was able to grasp them, and in that manner began 
to accunmlate a few' hundred dollars. In 1879 he went to Europe, visited the homes 
of his ancestors in Scotland, and also spent some time in the capitals on the continent. 
While absent on this tour he described his journey in a series of interesting and well 
written letters to the Asbury Park newspapers. Upon his return he resumed his position 
with Mr. Githens. with whom he remained until 1882. In that year he began his 
career as a merchant. With the sum of fifty-five hundred dollars, which he had ac- 
cumulated, he tegan business on his own account in Spring Lake. He had had more 
than ten years' practical experience, knew the value of merchandise, was endowed with 
17 



258 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. ■ 

a genial disposition which attracted and held a large circle of customers, and his busi- 
ness has constantly increased and the yearly sales are surprisingly large. The mer- 
chandise handled consists of a general line of furnishings and fittings, and includes 
some of the most artistic pieces of bric-a-brac, china and furniture imported into 
America. Naturally endowed with artistic taste, Mr. Brown has from time to time 
visited Europe to purchase directly from the manufacturers many of the gems of art 
which now adorn homes of wealth in the principal cities of the country. So well 
and artistically selected is his stock that goods are shipped to cities and towns in all 
parts of the country from the small town of Spring Lake. In 1891 he established a 
branch of his business in Lakewood, New Jersey, which also prospered from the start, 
and is now the largest of its kind in Ocean county. 

Although remarkably successful as a merchant, Mr. Brown has by no means 
confined his efforts to mercantile aflairs. As a financier he is an acknowledged leader, 
and has been the leading spirit in the organization and management of several im- 
portant institutions. While residing in Asbury Park he participated in the organi- 
zation of the Asbury Park Building and Loan Association ; was one of the organizers 
of the First National Bank of .\sbury Park, and acted as its vice president for a 
period of ten years; was one of the organizers of the Monmouth Trust & Safe Deposit 
Company, and served as one of its board of directors until 1901 ; and was also an 
organizer of the Lakewood Trust Company and a member of its board since its or- 
ganization. He was the controlling spirit in the formation of the First National 
Bank of Lakewood, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars and surplus of twelve 
thousand five hundred dollars, also of the First National Bank of Spring Lake, capi- 
talized with twenty-five thousand dollars and surplus of twelve thousand five hundred 
dollars, and has been president of both of these institutions since their organization. 
He w'as one of the promoters of the Monmouth Water Company, capitalized at one 
million dollars, for the construction of the water works to supply all the Atlantic 
seashore resorts between Mantoloking and Long Branch, and he is president of the 
company. He is also president of tlic Spring Lake Hotel Company, capitalized at 
three hundred thousand dollars, for the erection of hotels at Spring Lake. Among 
others interested in this enterprise are the well known Martin Maloncy, Mr. Schoon- 
maker and S. B. Calloway. Mr. Brown is also largely interested in coast shipping, and 
is part owner of a number of vessels, one of which, a large schooner, bears his name. 
His real-estate investments have been conducted upon the same sound business prin- 
ciples which have characterized all of his affairs and have been profitable. He is one 
of the largest owners of real property in Spring Lake and Lakewood. This property 
is nearly all improved and is well managed, insuring him regular and adequate returns 
from his investments. He has traveled extensively throughout America and Europe, 
and has, through his warm-hearted geniality, drawn to himself a large circle of 
friends. Some of these are men of influence in the world of finance, and through 
them he has been able to make some very advantageous business investments. 

Politically Mr. Brown is a stanch and zealous Republican. He was one of the 
members of the first council of the borough of North Spring Lake, and acted in that 
capacity until his election to the mayoralty ten years ago. Since then he has retained 
his position as executive head of the borough. In 1896 he was elected to the assembly 
by a plurality of two thousand one hundred and eighty-two votes over Heyer, the 
highest candidate on the opposition ticket. As a legislator he introduced and passed 
several measures important to his constituents, notably the bill authorizing the open- 
ing of Shark river. He was honored in 1900 by being chosen a delegate to the Repub- 
lican national convention at Philadelphia, which nominated McKinley and Roosevelt, 
and has also frequently served as delegate to county, congressional and state con- 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 259 

ventions. He is a member of St. Andrews Methodist Episcopal church of Spring 
Lake. His career illustrates most forcibly that success can be achieved without ad- 
vantageous surroundings and without the aid of influential friends or relations. He 
has taken advantage of the opportunities offered, and has by hard work and honorable 
business dealings carved for himself a way to success. 



JAMES EDWARD BORDEN. 

The ancient and lionorcd family of Borden originated at Bourdounay. in Nor- 
mandy, France, and its Engl'sh branch was planted by some of its members who went 
into England with William the Conqueror, and settled upon lands granted them by that 
monarch. 

Richard Borden, founder of the American branch of the family, according to 
'"Gunn's Genealogies," was a son of Mathew and Joan Borden, and was born and 
baptized at Hedcorn, in Kent county, England, February 22, 1595-6. Concerning the 
date of his birth, Gunn says in a foot note that "the date of Richard's birth is in- 
correct : if his date is from a deposition by R. B., he misstated his age, 'which was 
and is a comnion thing to do"- — this with reference to a statement that he was born in 
1601. But the parish baptismal record would seem to set that point at rest. 

Richani Borden was married in Hedcorn church, September 28, 1625, to Joan 
Fowle. In i6::8 he removed to the neighboring parish of Canbrook, whence he came 
in 1637-8 to America, locating at Portsmouth. Rhode Island. The latter date is given 
on the authority of Gunn, but Austin has it that he came two years earlier (1635), 
arriving in Boston on the ship "Elizabeth and Ann," and this particularity appears 
conclusive. His son Matthew was the first child born in Rhode Island of English 
parents. He was appointed commissioner from 1654 to 1657, and held several other 
important positions. He was one of the original holders, by patent of 1667, of land 
in New Jersey. He died May .?8, 1671. 

Francis Borden, the third child of Richard and Joan Borden, was baptized Decem- 
ber 23, 1628, at Canbrook (England; parish church, according to the baptismal record. 
He removed from Rhode Island to Shrewsbury, Monmouth county. New Jersey, 
about 1670. He and his brother Benjamin, who was the eleventh child of the same 
parents were the pioneers of the family in that region. He married Jane Vicars, at 
Shrewsbury, New Jersey, in 1677, who is commonly accepted by family tradition as 
a native of Yorkshire, England. In faith he was a Friend, and he was employed 
by William Penn as a surveyor. His children were Richard, Francis, Joyce (who mar- 
ried John Hance), and Thomas. Thomas, son of Francis, born in 1684, had a son 
Richard, whose son, Benjamin, was born in 1766. Benjamin had sons named John L., 
Richard. William L., Thomas T., Hannah T., Joseph L., Benjamin, Ann L., and 
Sarah T. Thomas T. Borden was born June 24, 1800, and had two children, Eliza- 
beth C. and James E. Borden, the latter named being the immediate subject of this 
sketch. 

James E. Borden, son of Thomas T. and Susan (Corlies) Borden, was born in 
Warren county. New Jersey. May 4. 1836, and was reared and educated at the locality 
now known as Deal, in Monmouth county. The territory now embraced within the 
present limits of Deal was once the property of his father. He was but a mere child 
when his parents located at Deal, and his boyhood days were spent in school and 
in assisting his father on his farm and at the Hathaway Inn, which the elder Borden 
founded. He attended a Friends' school in New York City and another in Bucks 



a6o HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

county, Pennsylvania, and left home at the age of twenty-two years to engage in the 
market business in New York City. He relinquished that enterprise two years later, 
however, and busied himself during the succeeding two years in the employ of the 
New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company Company. He then took a 
position in a bank in New York City for a period and after that for a time he was the 
proprietor of a clothing store at Long Branch, New Jersey. Later for six years he 
was associated with A. Hance & Son, in their nursery enterprise. 

About 1875 Mr. Borden engaged in surveying and conveyancing, a business which 
he has followed with the approval of the public to the present time, and his business 
in real estate, together with the care of his estate, keeps him busy. Notwithstanding 
the demands upon him of his personal affairs, he has found some time to devote to 
public interests, and he has been honored by his fellow citizens with offices of com- 
missioner of appeals, town committeeman, assessor and surveyor of highways. He 
is a life member of the Monmouth County Historical Society, and a close student of 
men and events, who uses all his spare time to the best advantage in acquiring a fund 
of useful knowledge which is not only gratifying to himself but is of benefit to many 
others. Like his forefathers, he is of the Friends' faith, sturdy, truthful, and upright, 
practicing that rule in which he has been educated — "Do unto others as you would 
that they should do unto you." He married Miss Julia H. Harned, daughter of the 
late Jonathan and Ruth .Anna Harned. The latter were residents of Rahway, 
New Jersey. 

* ■ » 

FRANCIS EUGENE HEYER. 

Among those old families of Holland-Dutch ancestry which have been identified 
with the hstory of South Jersey through many generations is that of Heyer. Kor- 
trnius Heyer, the grandfather of Frank E. Heyer in fhc paternal line, was an extensive 
land owner and a farmer of prominence, who lived on a fine farm of two hundred 
acres near Freehold. He was a communicant of the Reformed church and an advo- 
cate of the principles of the Democratic party. He married Rachel Worth and they 
had eight children, named Jolin H., Jane, Aaron, Ann, Eleanor, Harriet, Mary, and 
Elizabeth, of whom only Aaron was living in the year 1901. John H. 'Heyer. son of 
Kortenius and Rachel (Worth) Heyer and father of Fr^nk E. Heyer, was born at 
Holmdel, Monmouth county. New Jersey, April 25, 1802. He early learned the 
wheelwright's trade and eventually won a wide reputation as an inventor. .\s 
early as 1839 he invented the sweep power threshing machine, which was in use for a 
number of years. About 1850 he invented the Heyer mowing machine, the first machine 
of the kind placed on the market. In 1859 he removed to Coltsncck and there manu- 
factured his machines until he eventually became connected with the MicCormick.s, 
Nvho have become so widely known for excellent agricultural machinery. 

John H. Heyer married Amanda Smith, December 4, 1836, and they had nine chil- 
dren, five of whom grew to manhood and woman'hood. and three of whom were living 
in 1901 — James, born in 1838; John W., born in 1845; and Francis E., the immediate 
subject of this sketch. John H. Heyer died January 14, 1868. Amanda Smith, who 
became his wife, was bcrn June 3, 1S14, and died October 27, 1898. 

Frank E. Heyer was born September 9, 1843. and was educated in the public 
school at Holmdel. He early evinced a liking for mechanics and his early life 
was spent in his father's machine shop, where he became practically conversant with 
the machinist's trade. After the death of his father in 1868. at t'he request of 
the heirs of his father's estate, he took entire charge of the latter's extensive manu- 



1 




\n/<S^^ 



'■^±, 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 261 

facturing interests, of which he was manager until October 3, l833, when the con- 
cern becanif. his by inirchasc. At this time he is extensively engaged in manufactur- 
ing and dealing in lumber, and owns large mills located near Coltsneck. He has 
during all his active years been a very busy man, but he has found time to give atten- 
tion to public affairs. In 1884 he was elected to represent the second district of the 
County of Monmouth in the state legislature, of which he was a member during two 
sessions and in which he acquitted himself most creditably and entirely to the sat- 
isfaction of his constituents. In 1890 he was elected to the board of freeholders of 
Monmouth county, in which otlice he has served continuously to this time, having been 
repeatedly elected to succeed himself. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity in 
good and worthy standing, and affiliates with Washington Lodge. No. 9, Free and 
.Accepted Masons, of Katontown, New Jersey. 

Mr. Heyer was married September 25, 1871, to Miss Caroline E. Kellogg, daugh- 
ter of George and Elizabeth Kellogg, and they have three children, named Carrie E., 
Jeanette, and George K. Their son is now at Rutgers College fi.ting himself for the 
profession of electrical engineer. 



JEFFERSON ACKERSON. 

One of the successful and enterprising men of Hohndel township, Monmouth 
county, is Jefferson .-Vckerson, a dairy farmer and fruit grower. He was born on the 
place which is stdl his home, his birth occurring on the 29th of December, 1851. This 
land is a part of the old homestead which l>elonged to his grandfather and which was 
purchased by the father of our subject when he attained his majority. The tract was 
originally four hundred and eighty acres in extent and is said to have been purchased 
from the Indians for three gallons of whiskey. John T. Ackerson, the father, was 
the eldest son of Cornelius Ackerson, and on attaining his maiority he married 
Catherine Laquier, who was also a native of Monmouth county and of French lineage, 
her ancestors having come from France to .'\merica at an early period in the history 
of this country. Both Mr. and Mrs. John T. Ackerson were people of the highest re- 
spectability and enjoyed the warm regard of many friends. He was a Democrat in his 
political views, held most of the township offices, and was judge of elections for 
many years. 

In the scliools of his native township JcfTcrson .\ckcrson acquired his early edu- 
cation, and throughout the period of his youth spent the summer months in assisting 
m the work of the home farm. Throughout his business career he has engaged in 
farming and fruit growing, and at present, in connection with his brother, Lewis C, 
he conducts an extensive dairy business. They milk about twenty cows on their farm 
and also buy large quantities of milk, which they retail to the people of Keyport, 
their annual s.iles of this conunodity amounting to about two thousand dollars. A 
large part of their farm is utilized as orchards, the principal fruits raised being apples 
and pears. 

On the 23d of December, 1880, Mr. Ackerson was united in marriage to Miss 
Melissa Hayes, of Matawan, who was born January 7, 1854, a daughter of John Hayes, 
of this locality. Her father was a soldier of the late Civil -war, serving for about 
three years, until a rebel bullet terminated his life. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Ackerson have 
been born three children: Maude, John T., and Ethel. The family are adherents 
ot the Reformed church and are well known people of the connnunity, where they 
have spent their entire lives, so tiiat their history is familiar to the people who recog- 
nize iheir true worth. 



262 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

MRS. JOHN H. HANKINSON. 

John Henry Hankinson, now deceased, was dnriiig life one of New Jersey's 
valned self-made men. Favored by birth and circumstances, he lived up to the full 
measure of his capabilities, 'and among his business associates he was known as a man 
of stri-ct integrity, sound in judgmenl. and one who ever recognized tbose courtesies 
of life which mark the true gentleman. 

Mr. Hankinson was born near Freehold, at Black's Mill, Monmouth county, New 
Jersey, on October 20, 1847, and sprung from an old and respected Jersey family, his 
parents being Theodore and Hannah (Wainwright) Hankinson. His rearing was in 
his native place and his education was acquired at Tinton Falls. His business career 
began as a clerk in Freehold, but soon his ambition took him to a larger field. Remov- 
ing to New York City he became associated w'th William H. Jackson & Co., manu- 
facturers of mantle and with the Jackson Architectural Iron Works, of which latter 
Mr. Hankinson was vice-president and treasurer. Mr. Hankinson formed a partnership 
in 1880, in this great business, a connection which continued to exist until his demise 
in 1900. 

In 1882 Mr. Hankinson purdhased the beautiful home and farm where his family 
now reside, near Eatontown, this land comprising two hundred and fifty acres, and here 
Mr. Hankinson delighted to take his rest from business care. He made many import- 
ant improvements on this property which not only added materially to its value, but 
also to the adornment of the surrounding landscape. 

Mr. Hankinson was a firm believer in the truths of Christianity and was for 
many years one of the Ixsard of elders of Madison Avenue Reformed church, in New 
York City, and for seven years he was the superintendent of the Sunday-school.. 
Socially he was a member of many clubs both in business and social life, and of the 
chamber of commerce. 

October 18, 1881, Mr. Hankinson was united in marriage to Miss Mary F. 
Hunter, born in Newburg-on-the-Hudson, and a daughter of Joel Du Bois and 
Frances H. Hunter. Three sons were born to Mr. and Mrs. Hankinson, — John H., 
George H., deceased, and Kenneth Hankinson. Mrs. Hankinson has passed her life 
m New York City, where both she and her esteemed husband were prominently 
identified with both the social and religious life of the metropolis, and where a large 
ciicle of friends sincerely mourned the death of so estimable a man, public-spirited 
citizen, and firm friend, as John Henry Hankinson. 



SAMUEL C. C. HARRIS. 

To a large degree the growth and development of a locality is due to its real estate 
dealers, those -who control the purchase and exchange of property. Foresight, tact 
and business skill will do much to secure a good class of citizens and cause improve- 
ments to be made that are of a substantial and attractive character. In this regard 
Mr. Harris has done much for the town of Carteret, where he located in 1871 and 
where he has since handled property, conducting transfers and aiding in the judicious 
investment of capital. 

Mr. Harris was Ixirn in the city of New York, February 18. 1832. and is a repre- 
sentative of the old Harris family of Connecticut, many of whose representatives have 
been men of prominence. His father, David C. Harris, was born in New London, 
Connecticut, and married Miss Margaret M. Conyard, whose birth occurred in Nor- 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 263 

folk, Virginia. For many years they resided in New York City, where Samnel C. C. 
Harris was educated, attending the public schools and also private schools conducted 
by the society of Friends. At the age of eighteen he entered upon his business career 
in the capacity of bookkeeper in the employ of Sheldon Martin, who was in the lumber 
trade on Cherry street. A year later he obtained a situation as clerk with the firm of 
Hardman & Osborn, of New York City, who were agents for many of the largest 
estates in the metropolis at that time. For about ten years he remained with that 
firm and his duties were often of a most responsible character. He then became 
associated with Edward J. Powers, a real estate dealer of New York, for whom he 
bought and sold property for a number of years. Mr. Powers owned a large tract of 
land in that part of Woodbrige township, Middlesex county, New Jersey, where the 
town of Carteret now stands and Mr. Harris sold the first lot on that site. Locating 
there in 1871, he has since been engaged in real estate dealing and has handled some 
valuable property. 

On the nth of September, 1861, occurred the marriage of Mr. Harris and Miss 
Victoria E. Huber. They have two sons; Uriah L., the elder, was born in Brooklyn, 
November 2, 1868, is a moulder by trade and resides in Elizabeth, New Jersey. He 
married Miss Margaret Smith, and their children are Leverson Smith and Edwin 
Scott. Samuel M. Harris, the second son of our subject, unmarried, was born in 
Carteret, February 18, 1877, and is a machinist and electrician of his native town. 
Mr. Harris exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and measures of 
the Republican party and lias filled the office of commissioner of appeals for Wood- 
bridge township, Middlesex county, for nine years. He is also a notary public and 
commissioner of deeds and in connection with his other business interests he writes both 
fire and life insurance. His religious faith is that of the society of Friends. His 
worth as a man and citizen is widely acknowledged and is manifest in the high regard 
and good will which are uniformly extended to him. 



JOHN W. BORDEN. 



John W. Borden, real estate and insurance, a prominent figure in public affairs 
of the town of Manasquan, New Jersey, was born in Howell township, Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, May 16, 1843, the son of Aaron Borden and Sarah (Emmons) 
Borden. The ancestral line of the family goes back to two brothers who came from 
England and settled in colonial times at Fall River, Massachusetts. The family par- 
ticularly descended from Richard Borden, whose children located, some in New York 
state and others at Shrewsbury and Bordentown, New Jersey, giving their name to 
the latter place. The Shrewsbury branch were among the most thriving farmers an<f 
extensive land owners of Monmouth county, descending from Francis, the fourth son 
of Richard. Amos, Mr. Borden's grandfather, was a foremost citizen of Farmingdale, 
a prosperous hatter, and died there in 185;. Aaron Borden, the father of John W., 
a shoemaker by trade, by vocation a farmer, later a conveyancer and successful business 
man at Howell, New Jersey, was a Democrat in politics, a school trustee and a man of 
progressive ideas in educational matters. In early life he was a Baptist, subsequently 
a Methodist, and an active member of the Jerseyville Methodist Episcopal church, 
where he was a trustee and active Sunday-school worker. He was twice married. 
By his first wife, Sarah, daughter of David Emmon*;, of Howell, who died in 1845, 
he had three children: Daniel, a farmer in Howell township; James A., a contractor 
and builder at Howell, now deceased; and John W. By his second wife, whom he 



264 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

married in 1861, Eslhcr, daughter of Jolin Robbins, of Howell, he had one son, 
Aaron, a farmer in Howell township. He died in Januarj'. 1894. at the age of eighty 
years. 

John W. Borden, was educated at the district school and for five years in early 
life taught school in the district now Asbury Park. In 1865 he established at Manas- 
fjuan a general mercantile business, which he followed successfully for four years. He 
then resumed teaching at Manasquan for three years. In 1874 he laid the foundation 
of his present thriving business at Manasquan. His business has a wide scope and 
lakes in real estate, insurance and conveyancing, surveying, civil engineering and auc- 
tioneering. He is also a notary public and commissioner of deeds. In his business 
operations he has become a large real estate holder in Manasquan and vicinity and 
elsewhere. 

Mr. Borden is active in local affairs, and in politics is a Democrat. He served as 
justice of the peace of Manasquan at twenty-one years of age and held the office 
continuously for five years. He has served as clerk of the board of education and 
while a member of that board organized the school districts under the new law, in 
1893. He is a member of the board of trade and is a director of the First NatJional 
Bank of Manasquan, and was one of its organizers in 1883. He has also served as a 
member of the board of his township committee and filled other important local po- 
sitions. For many years he has been secretary of the Manasquan Building and Loan 
Association, and for over a quarter of a century has been superintendent of the 
Sunday-school of the Presbyterian church of Manasquan, and has been also an elder 
in the church for many years. He is a member of Excelsior Lodge, No. 88, I. O. O. F., 
Unity Encatnpment, No. 25 ; and was one of t:he organizers of the I. O. R. M. He 
is a Knight of Pythias, a K. of G. E., and is a past officer of all the above orders 
at Manasquan. 

He has been twice married; in 1868 to Elizabeth, daughter of Captain John Os- 
borne, of Manasquan. She died in 1871 ; a daughter, Lottie, died in infancy. In 1874 
he was married to Hannah V.. daughter of Osborne Curtis, by whom he had one son, 
John. He also has an adopted daughter. Bertha B. Curtis, a niece of Mrs. Borden. 



AARON W. HAND. 



Classified among the leading business men of Cape May, and one who has e.verted 
a strong influence upon the coiiimcri-ial, social, mora! and intellectual development of 
the city is .Aaron Willman Hand. He was born in Camden, New Jersey, February 10, 
1857, and is descended from one of the oldest families in this section of the state. 
His ancestors came from England in the seventeenth century and located on Long 
Island, .'\fler a few years they removed to Cape May, where members of the family 
became owners of a large acreage in the Fishing Creek neighborhood. Elisha Hand, 
the great-grandfather of our subject, held a commission as an officer in the colonial 
army during the war of the Revolution, and .Aaron Hand, the grandfath.er, was on- 
rolled in the Cape May Independent Regiment in the war of 1812. Noih Hand, the 
father, was born in Cape May county and in early life went to sea as first mate on a 
sailing vessel trading with southern ports. He was afterward quartermaster cf a 
steamer of the same line. He resided in Camden, New Jersey, for many years, and in 
1873 canje to Cape May coimty, whcie he ha? since resided and enjoys the respect 
and coniidince of all with whom he has been associated. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Jane A. Hannah, died December 31, 1895. at the age of seventy- 
seven vears. 




^>7r/v4:._^ 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 265 



Aaron VV. Hand acquirefi liis eariv education in Camden, completing tlie grammar 
school conr?e there at the age of eleven year.s, and then attended (he public schools 
of Philadelphia for two years. He aflcr.vard studied under a private tutor and also 
spent a year in the United States Military Academy. His love of books has prompted 
him to continue his reading, study and investigation in later years, and he is con- 
tinually adding to his fund of knowledge. When he put aside his text books to 
learn the more difficult lessons in the school of experience he was employed for three 
>ears in various capacities in Philadelphia. In 187,3 he came to Cape May with his 
father. At the age of nineteen he became a teacher at Heislerville, Cumberland 
county, and subsequently was engaged in teaching at Dennisville and at Rio Grande, 
for six years at Cape May Point, Cape May county, and for two years was the prin- 
cipal of the schools of Cape May city. In 1881 he became associate editor of the 
Cape May Daily Star, published during the summer, and in i88g purchased an interest 
in The Star c.f the Cape and the Cape May Daily Star printing and publishing busi- 
ness, with V. hich he has since been connected, being now general manager of The 
Star of the Cape Publishing Company. He is also interested successfully in several 
other business enterprises. 

In 1877 Mr. Hand was united in marriage to Miss Letitia Byers Reeves, a member 
of one of the most prominent pioneer families of Cape May county. Her grandfather, 
David Reeves, was a member of the militia during the war of 1812 and was a leading 
factor '.n all public aftairs in Cape May county for forty years — the middle of the 
nineteenth century. During the Civil iwar Abijah D. Reeves, Mrs. Hand's father, 
served in Company F, Twenty-fifth New Jersey Infantry, as color corporal. David 
Reeves, the great-grandf.-'ther, was the ensign in Captain Forrest's company in a 
brigade formed in southern New Jersey for service in the Revolution, and Abijah 
Reeves' great-grandfather was also a soldier of the Revolution. Mrs. Hand's mother 
was .Amanda Depretontaine, a daughter of John Deprefontainc, who was a French 
Huguenot. an<l Hannah, nee Gardner 

In his political views Mr. Hand of this review is a stalwart Republican, and, 
keeping well informed on the issues of the day, gives an intelligent support to the 
principles cf the Republican party. He has held several minor offices, achieving a 
reputation for thorough attention to duty in them. In 1896 he was appointed super- 
intendent 01 public schools for Cape May county, to which position he was reap- 
pointed in 1899. In this capacity he has reorganized the school system, placed it on 
a modern basis, and has greatly stimulated interest in the schools throughout the 
county. He has devoted himself to the work of rhis office with untiring zeal and en- 
thusiasm and his labors have been productive of great good, placing the schools of 
the county on a higher plane than they have ever before occupie<l. 

In his religious faith Mr. Hand is a Presbyterian, having joined the Cold Spring 
Presbyterian church in 1875. Socially he is connected with various civic societies. 
In 1885 he joined Cape Island Lodge, No. ,30, F. & A. M., and was its organist fnr 
several years. He became a member of Cape May Conclave, No. 183, I. O. H., in 
1890; of Ogallalla Tribe, No. 157, I. O. R. M., In 1892, passing all the chairs and 
entering the great council of New Jersey in 1895 as a representative. In 1897 he joined 
Cape May Lodge, No. 2\, A. O. U. W., passed through all the chaii^s and was elected 
to the grand lodge. He has ever been an active business man, who has energetically 
carried forward to successful completion whatever he has undertaken. In all life's 
lelations his career has been honorable and upright, commending him to the confidence 
and good v/ ill of all with whom he has ccnie in contact. He is a man oi social nature, 
genial disposition and unfailing courtesy, and his circle of friends is almost co- 
extensive with the circle of his acquaintances. His children are Albert R., who has 



266 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

been united in marriage to Sara E., daughter of Mayor Thoma; W. Millet of Cape 
May, and whose only child is Millet Hand; Bernard R. ; Rena ; Ellwood S. ; and twin 
daughters, Jeannette R., and Anita R. 



HON. FR.\NK E. De GRAW. 

Hon. Frank E. De Graw comes from an illustrious ancestry, one branch ot wfiich 
is traceable to Francis Joseph Paul, Comte Grasse-Tilly. popularly known as Count 
De Grasse, who in company with Lafayette and Rochambcau devoted his sword to the 
cause of American freedom, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis in 1781. 
Three brothers named Df Graauw, French Huguenots, natives of Picardy, France 
(twenty-two miles west from the city of .A.miens), fled from the religious persecutions 
in France, 1620, to 'Utrecht, Holland. Between 1620 and 1630 they left Holland 
for the port of New York. ■ One brother settled in New York, one in New Jersey and 
one on Long Island. (See records of "Old Dutch Church," New York, June, 1675.) 

Abram Voorhees De Graw (grandfather) resided in New Brunswick. New Jer- 
sey, where for years he was the proprietor of a public house in that place. He was 
also connected with a line of packet-sloops carrying pa-sengers and freight between 
New Brunswick and the city of New York. Politically he was an adlicrcnt of the 
Whig party, and in his religious relations he was a member of the Dutch Reformed 
church. His wife was Elizabeth Voorhees, and they were the parents of six children, 
named as follows: Peter Voorhees; .^bram P.; Jane, wife of Rev. William Van 
Doren, of Washington, D. C. ; Eliza, deceased ; Katharine ; and .\delaide. wife of Dr. 
John Baylis, of Princeton, New Jersey. Mr. De Graw died in 1832. and his wife 
survived until 1856. 

Peter Voorhees De Graw, the father, was born in New Brunswick. New Jersey, 
where he received his education. After complet'ng hi'i studies he found employment 
with his father in the packet line, subsequently locating in the city of Princtton, New 
Jersey. The Camden & Amboy Railroad subsequently employed him as collector on 
the Delaware & Raritan canal, and this position he held for many years, while at 
the same time he conducted a large farm in the vicinity of Kingston, New Jersey, 
of which he was then owner. When the Camden & Amboy Railroad completed the 
new freight piers at South Amboy he was placed in sole charge, and acted in that 
capacity from 1854 to 1864. In the latter year he became weighmaster for the same 
company, and continued as such until his decease in 1870. Mr. De Graw voted the 
Democratic ticket ; in his early life he was a member of the Presbyterian church, and 
he subsequently embraced the Protestant Episcopal faith. Mrs. De Graw passed away 
in 1877. They were the parents of the following children: .\nna ; Virginia: Charles 
S., deceased ; .Antoinette and Imogene, who both died in childhood ; Frank E. ; Peter 
v.; and Elii:abeth, who died in infancy. 

Frank E. De Graw, second son of Peter Voorhees De Graw, was born September 
17, 1844, at Princeton, New Jersey. He acquired his education in the public schools 
of South Amboy. In 1861, when he was seventen years of age. the Camden & Amboy 
Railroad Company employed him as a telegraphic operator, and so faithful did he 
prove himself in the discharge of his duties, and so proficient did he become, that 
three years later he was appointed train-dispatcher at Bordentovvn. After a short 
period he resigned and accepted the position of operator for the United States Tele- 
graph Company at New York. In 1867 he was placed in charge of the telegraph and 
cable systems of the Camden & Amboy Railroad and of the Western Union Telegraph 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 267 

Company. He resigned from this position in i86g. in order to accept employment with 
the firm of E. A. Packer & Company, coal shippers, with whom he remained for three 
years. In 1872 he formed a partnership with Leonard Furman, under the style of 
De Graw & Furman, and engaged in the lumber business. Earlier in the same year 
he was engaged in tlie wholesale and retail coal business on his own account. Both 
of these ventures proved remunerative, and at this period he built a handsome resi- 
dence on Main street, South Aniboy, where he now resides. In 1875 he disposed of 
his business interests and removed to Norfolk, Virginia, where he engaged in farm- 
ing and market gardening. He only remained there one year when he returned to 
South Amboy, and became a wholesale and retail dealer in coal, hay and brick. In 
1877 he became general foreman of all shipping and shipping wharves for the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company at South Amboy, where he is at the present time. 

Politically Mr. De Graw is a Republican, and he served as a member of the 
council in 1888, the first council elected after the organization of South Amboy, and 
the following year he was elected mayor of the town. He was also a member of the 
Middlesex county Republican committee during the years 1880 to 1885. and he has 
been a delegate to various conventions of his party. In March, 1900. F. E. De Graw 
was elected a member of the board of freeholders of Middlesex county, receiving the 
largest majority ever given any candidate for any office, upon either political ticket, 
having more majority than his opponent had votes, and being the first Republican 
candidate ever elected from his district. He has been a member for sixteen years 
of the board of education, and in 1895 he was made president of that body. He is 
actively interested in the Protestant Episcopal church of South Amboy, holding the 
position of vestryman for thirty years, and also acting as treasurer and warden. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with St. Stephen's Lodge, No. 63, F. & A. M., Goodwin Chap- 
ter, No. 36, R. A. M., and Good Samaritan Lodge, No. 52, Knights of Pythias, of 
South Amboy. He is vice-president and treasurer, as well as chairman, of the 
regatta committee of the South Amboy Yacht Club. He was president of the Inde- 
pendence Engine and Hose Company of South Aniboy in 1893-94. He also served 
for three years as colonel of the First Regiment of New Jersey, Unifonn Rank, K 
of P. At the termination of that period he was appointed and sers'ed two years upon 
the staff of Major-General Carnahan. 

Mr. De Graw was thrice married, his first wife being Katherine D. Stewart, a 
daughter of John and Jane Stewart. They were married December 28. 1865. and she 
died in 1867, leaving no issue. His second wife, whom he married in 1869, was 
Theodora H. Bostwick, daughter of the Rev. S. B. Bostwick, of Sandy Hill, New 
York. She died August 15, 1889, leaving him five children : Lillian, wife of Frank M. 
Parker, of Brooklyn, New York ; Annie H. ; Ruth F. ; Arthur, deceased ; and Theo- 
dora. On June II, 1891, Mr. De Graw was married to his present wife, Eliza Watson, 
daughter of Hugh Watson, of Sou'.h .Aniboy. 



WILLIAM CLEMONS. 



There are in every community men who are recognized leaders in public affairs, 
exerting strong influence in molding pul)lic policy and assisting miterially in the work 
of progress, improvement and advancement along those lines which are beneficial to 
the majority. Such a one is William demons, who at the present t'me is serving in 
several positions of public trust, discharging his duties with marked promptness and 
fidelitv. 



268 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

He was born in Pennsylvania on the ulli of February, 1844. and in the publio 
schools and the academy of his native town pursued his education. During his youth 
he worked upon a farm and afterward went to Scranton, Pennsylvania, wl:ere for 
ten years he was employed as a clerk in a furniture store. He aft.rward engaged 
in agricultural pursuits for a few years and then served as first officer in the reform 
schools at Jamesburg, New Jersey, and at Providence. Rhode Island. In 1886 he re- 
turned to Pennsylvania, and, again purchasing a farm, once more engaged in the tilling 
of the soil and the production of crops until 1889. 

In that \^ar Mr. Clemons came to Helmetta and accepted the position of outside 
superintendent for the George W. Helme Company, now the American Snuff Com- 
pany, serving in that capacity for one year, and for twelve years he has been manufac- 
turing superintendent. He thoroughly understands the business and his capable super- 
vision is an active factor in the success which is attending the industry. Although 
his business interests claim the greater part of his attention, he yet finds time to 
devote to the faithful discharge of his duties of citizenship, and his fellow townsmen, 
recognizing his worth and ability, have frequently called him to public office. He is 
now serving as president of the board of education, is chief of police, and chief of the 
fire department — thus representing three divisions of the public service which are! 
of the greatest value and importance. 

Mr. Clemons was married at Montrose, Pennsylvania, to Eliza Isabel Spencer, 
a daughter of Ambrose E. and Abigail Spencer, formerly of Massachuse ts but at 
that time residents of Montrose. The Spencer famly is of English origin and the 
grandmother of Mrs. Clemons was a descendant of Governor Winslow, of Massa- 
chusetts. Unto our subject and his wife has been born one son, Arthur H., who was 
born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, June 14, 1876, and is assistant superintendent of the 
American Snuff Mills. Mr. Clemons is a member of Maple Council, No. 1407, Royal, 
Arcanum, and assisted in the organization of the Episcopalian Memorial church, of 
which he is one of the vestrymen. 



EDWARD E. HAINES. M. D. 

The concomitants which insure success to the medical practitioners are strong 
mentality, earnest purpose, a love of scientific research and a deep and abiding interest 
in one's fellow men. All of these qualifications are found in Dr. Haines, who is "well 
known as a competent and reliable physician of South Amboy. 

A native of New Jersey, he was born in Vinccnttown, Burlington county. April 
30, 1859. a son of John and Rachel (King) Haines. The Haines family is of English 
ancestry and was founded in America by five brothers of the name, who at an early 
period came from England to the new world, the progenitor of the branch to which 
the Doctor belongs settling in New Jersey. The father, John Haines, was born in 
Burlington county, in 1818. a son of John Haines, Sr. He learned and followed the 
stonemason s trade and spent his entire life in his native county. He married Rachel 
King, and they became the parents of ten children, namely: William K.. .^nnie, the 
widow of Edward Hazelton ; Elwood. who married .Annie Deacon; Barclay P., who 
wedded Lydia Garskill ; Albert L., who married Lucinda Wright ; Emma, the wife 
of William A. Weber; Mary, who died in infancy: George, who married Sarah Aus- 
tin; John B., who is engaged in preaching the gospel, and who married Buela Brown; 
and Edward E. 

The Doctor pursued liis primary education in the schools of his native town, and 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COiAST. 269 

from the 'imc of leaving the common schools he worked at various occupations. 
During the winter of 1877-8. and also through the succeeding winter, he engaged in 
teaching school. With a determination to devote his life to professional labors, he 
then matriculated in the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia, where he pursued a 
thorough and systematic course, being graduated on the 2nd of April, 1890. .\fter 
leaving that institution he went to Pennington, New Jersey, where he cared for the 
practice of Dr. Dwelling for a short time, and since the 17th day of May. 1830. he has 
engaged in practice in South Amboy. He is a close and discriminating student, a 
conscientious practitioner, and has won enviable success as a representative of the med- 
ical fraternity. 

Dr. Hiines was married at Litna. Indiana, on the 8th of June. 1894, to Miss 
Lola Maude Springle of Virginia, and they now have one daughter. Maude Cordelia, 
born on the loth of December, 1896. The Doctor afhliatcs with several fraternal or- 
ganizations, including the Knights of the Golden Eagle, at South Amboy. He like- 
wise belongs to Central Lodge, No. 44. F. & A. M., of Vincenttown, and is a past 
master. In his religious views he is an Episcopalian, and in his political belief is a Re- 
publican. He has served as a member of the school board and is now president 
of the town council. Public-spirited and enterprising, he co-operates in a hearty 
manner in every movement for the general good and his labors have been of marked 
benefit to his community. In the line of his profession he has membership relations 
with the Middlesex County Medical Society, of which he is now vice-president. For 
ten years he has been surgeon for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company at this point, 
antl has in addition a very large and important private practice, which is indicative 
of his ability and the confidence reposed in him by the public. 



WILLIAM R. HAM. 



William R. Ham, the popular proprietor of the drug store located at 167 Main 
street, Asbury Park, New Jersey, was born January 20, i860, at Martindale. Colum- 
bia county. New York. He is the son of Martin and Mary (Miller) Han. His 
father, Martin Ham, was a merchant conducting a general store at Martindale. He 
was a man who enjoyed great popularity throughout the section, and this fact is in- 
disputably maintained by the circumstance of Martindale having been named in his 
honor. His death occurred in 1866. Upon the death of her husband Mrs. Ham 
removed to Hudson. New York, where William R. was reared and secured his edu- 
cation. At fourteen years of age he launched out into the commercial field as a 
clerk in a dry goods store in Hudson. For four years he continued in this business, 
and then entered the employ of his brother, who was in the drug business in the 
same town. Here he spent another four years, leaving to take a position with a whole- 
sale drug house located in Albany, New York. In 1884 he came to Asbury Park as a 
drug clerk for Woolley & Reed, with whoin he remained for two years, from thence 
going to Lakewood to occupy a similar position ; later he was induced to accept a 
position with the Prudential Insurance Company of Newark. New Jersey. In 1888 
he returned to Asbury Park, once more to follow his professional line, and took 
charge of the drug business of Kimmouth & Company, which he conducted for seven 
years. In the year 1895 he established his present store, located as above, where he 
enjoys an ever increasing patronage. 

Politically Mr. Ham is a Republican, but takes only the interest a good citizen 
should in the outcome of political strife for supremacy. 



270 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAS T. 

Mr. Ham's natural social tendencies have led him to become a member of Asbury 
Lodge, No. 253. I. O. O. F., and Tecumseh Tribe, No. 60. Improved Order of Red Men. 

His marriage to Annie, daughter of Paul Dakin, of Hudson, New York, took^ 
place in the year iS8g. They have two children, Bessie and Warren. 



WILLIAM BRIXLEY SINGLETON. 

William B. Singleton, one of the most active and useful citizen? of Toms River, 
New Jersey, is a native of the village named, and was born March 14. 1859, a son of 
Thomas and Esther (Brinley) Singleton. The father was born in Pennsylvania, and 
came from Scotch ancestry, and his wife was born in Ocean county, New Jersey. 
For some years he conducted a restaurant in Toms River. He has been an active 
participant in public affairs, having served one term as assessor and several terms as,- 
collector, to which position he was elected as a Republican. 

William B. Singleton, son of these parents, acquired his early education in the 
public schools of his birthplace, and subsequently attended the Toms River high 
school. When he attained the age of twenty he was employed by his father as clerk 
in the restaurant then carried on by him, and was so engaged until 1890, when he 
was appointed to the office of postmaster at Toms River by President Harrison. After 
the expiration of his term of office in 1894 he again entered upon his former occu- 
pation, in which he was engaged until .\ugust 8. 1898, when he was re-appointed post- 
master by President McKinley. Mr. Singleton has always taken a kffen interest in 
politics, being a stanch Republican. Governor Griggs appointed him chairman of the 
county board of registrars of election in i8g6, and he served through that and the 
following year. 

On October 14, 1885, Mr. Singleton was married to Miss Jersey A. Bancker, 
daughter of John Bancker, of Brooklyn. New York. Two children have been born 
of this union : Esther and Elizabeth Singleton. Mr. Singleton is a member of the 
Artisans Order of Mutual Protection, and has passed all the chairs of his lodge. 



ISAAC N. BEEGLE, M. D. 

-Among those who devote their time and energies to the practice of medicine and 
have gained a leading place in the ranks of the profession is Dr. Beegle. He was 
born in Bloomfield, New Jersey, June 12. 1848. a son of Rev. Henry and Mary P. 
CLoomis) Beegle. both of whom were of English descent. The father was a well 
kno\vn and prominent Methodist clergyman, and was also superintendent of Ocean 
Grove from the time of its inception, where he was interested to a considerable extent 
in real estate. The mother was a member of the Loomis family, whose history is 
traced back to 14.^6 in the peerage of England. 

Isaac N. Beegle, whose name introduces this review, received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of his native town, later attending Pennington Seminary. 
Deciding to make the practice of medicine his life work, he accordingly began the study 
of his chosen profession with Dr. Avery Cook, of Orange county. New York, and with 
Dr. L. D. Moesdon, of Boston, Massachusetts. He later entered the Bellevue Hos- 
pital Medical College, where he was graduated with the class of 1870. and immediately 
thereaftcrward entered into the active practice of his profession in Howell township, 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 271 

Monmoutli county, where he remained for ten years, enjoying a large and lucrative 
patronage. He then removed to Ocean Grove, New Jersey, in the fall of 1880. where 
he has also built up an extensive patronage, his patients coming to him from almost 
every state in the Union. 

On the 15th of .^pril, 1869, Dr. Becgle was united in marriage with Elizabeth 
Conover, a daughter of Cornelius Conover, of Freehold, New Jersey, and they have 
three children, namely: Sumpter L., a druggist of Orange, New Jersey; Alice, the 
wife of Joseph A. Greene, of Plainfield, New Jersey ; and Elizabeth, at home. 
The Doctor is a member of the Monmouth County Medical Society. He is a pleasant 
and agreeable gentleman, and his influence is often solicited in the promotion of lead- 
ing movements which have in view the upbuilding of the community. 



JACOB SCHWARTZ. 



Jacob Schwartz, a successful mason and builder, of Asbury Park. New Jersey, 
was the son of Jacob F. and Sarah Schwartz ; he was born in the city of Trenton, 
New Jersey, on September 21, 1854, and was educated at the public schools of the 
same place. Completing his studies, at the age of seventeen he entered the employ 
of Captain R. S. Johnson, of Trenton, with the view of thoroughly mastering the 
mason's trade. By close application to his work, his natural aptitude quickly carried 
him through his days of apprenticeship, and after three years' service he had so far 
advanced and absorbed the ideas and methods of his able instructor that he was made 
foreman by Captain Johnson, with whom he remained in this capacity for seventeen 
years. His employer having received the contract for erecting the post office building 
at Asbury Park, in 1888 Mr. Schwartz located there to superintend the work of con- 
struction. At about this time Mr. Schwartz began to look forward to a more inde- 
pendent career, feeling within himself the capability of conducting business on his own 
account. Thus in 1890 he established himself as a mason and builder at Asbury Park, 
and met with a marked degree of prosperity in his undertaking. He gave employment 
to over twenty men, and was constantly busy keeping a supervising eye over the 
progress of his many contracts. His offices and residence were located at 821 Central 
Avenue, West Asbury Park. 

His political interests were with the Republican party. He was an esteemed 
member of .\sbury Park Lodge, No. 253, I. O. O. F., and of the Tecumseh Tribe, No. 
60, lu'proved Order of Red Men. 

Mr. Schwartz was united in marriage to Miss Mary A. Callahan, of Newark, 
New Jersey, on December 18, 1875. His death occurred March 25, 1902. 



FREDERICK SICKLES. 

Frederick Sickles, an extensive and successful market gardener and fruit grower 
of Navesink, Monmouth comity. New Jersey, was born at the place where is now his 
residence, NovemI)cr 28, 1856, a son of Judge George H. Sickles. 

George H. Sickles was born at Shrewsbury, on the old family homestead, a son 
of John I. and Charlotte Sickles, and his mother was a member of the old Burdge 
family. John I. Sickles was a soldier in the war of 1812. Their son, George H. 
Sickles, was a man of high character and great ability. As a young man he assisted 



272 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

the Rev. Harry Finch in conducting his private school at Shrewsbury, and afterward 
taught school at Tinton Falls, Parkerville (now Little Silver), and Navesink. When 
he taught school at Navesink he walked to and from his home at Shrewsbury. He 
gave up teaching school at Navesink to engage in the commission business in New 
York with William Johnson, of Navesink. He was in the New York market about 
ten years and he then opened a general store at Navesink, his brother, TV.eodore 
Sickles, of Red Bank, assisting him in the management. About forty-five >ears ago he 
moved on the farm at Navesink where he lived until his death. In 1872 he was ap- 
pointed lay judge of Monmouth county. In 1872 he was appointed collector of Middle- 
town township, when the finances were in a chaotic condition, but he made an accurate 
adjustment of them. In 1878 he ran for county clerk on a union ticket and came 
within one hundred and thirty-two votes of defeating Captain Thomas Arrowsmith, 
who was the Democratic candidate for the office. The county at that time was over- 
whelmingly Democratic. In 1890 he was appointed jury coinmissioner under the new 
jury law, and he held this office until the law was repealed by the Democrats. Mr. 
Sickles has also been postmaster of Navesink, and he had been for many years a jus- 
tice of the peace and a commissioner of deeds. For more than a generation he had 
been a prominent figure in the primaries of Middletown township and in the Republi- 
can county conventions. He was a member of the Navesink Episcopal church for 
nearly half a century and for. a long time he was warden in the church. He was treas- 
urer of the church from the time of its organization until sickness incapacitated him 
from performing the duties of the office. He married Sarah A. Johnson, a member of 
the old Burdge family, and a daughter of William Johnson, his former partner in the 
commission business; these parents reared an excellent family of s!x children, named 
as follows: Frederick, who is referred to at length below: William H., who mar- 
ried Jenny Sherman, of Perrinville, Monmouth county. New Jersey, and to whom were 
born two children — Hattie and Howard; John I., a farmer and gardener, who married 
Almira, a daughter of George D. and Mary Ann Smith, and to whom were born five 
children — Edith, Myra, Ashton, Bessie and Schuyler Colfax; Omar, a salesman in New 
York City, who married Melinda Hopkins, and to whom were born three children — 
Bertie, Lester and Florence; Addie L., who married Frank J. Davis, of Hillside. New 
Jersey, and to whom were born three children — Elsie, Hanford and Albert ; Albert, 
who lives in Hillside, New Jersey, who married Martha Ingling, and to whom were 
born two children — Lloyd and Helen, The father died February 12. 1901, aged 
eighty-one years, and his widow died March 22, 1891. 

Frederick Sickles, as eldest son of George and Sarah A. Sickles, was educated 
in the public schools of his native village. He has always made his home on the 
ancestral homestead farm, a beautiful garden and fruit place of seventy acres. In- 
dustrious and careful, he is known as one of the successful farmers of his neighbor- 
hood, and he enjoys the esteem of the community for his excellent personal qualities. 
He holds membership in the Improved Order of Red Men. 

Mr. Sickles was married May 12, 1884. to Miss Euphemia, a daughter of Walter 
and Agnes Hendrickson, of Fairhaven, New Jersey. Of this marriage have been 
born three children. — Gracie, Maud and George H. Sickles. 



JAMES DAVIS HOLM AN. 

One of the prominent business men of Whitesville, Ocean county. New Jersey, 
is James D. Holman, who ;s a member of the firm of C. L. & J. D. Holman. They are 
engaged in cranberry growing and are agents for some of the most extensive marshes 





O^-O) 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 273 

in the cranberry belt. Tlie Holnian iamily may be traced back two hundred years, 
and are of Scotch lireage. Three brothers einigrated to the new world, one of whom 
was Loui.s Holnian, the paternal grandfather of our subject. He located in New 
Jersey, becani'.- a farmer and lumberman on an e.\tensive scale, and was also quite 
noted for his experiences as a hunter. His intUience for good was widely felt through- 
out his community, where he was highly respected. In religious faith he was a Presby- 
terian. He married Jane Trua.x, who became the mother of ten children. Of this num- 
ber the youngest is Charles L. Holnian, tiie father of James D. Holman, and a ■senior 
member of the above named firm of C. L. & J. D. Holman, growers of and dealers 
in cranberries. Louis Holman and his wife both lived to an advanced age, he 
passing away when eighty-seven years of age. Charles L. Holman was born near 
Holmanville. November 20. 1830, and there received his early training. The common 
schools furnished him a limited education, but this has been supplemented by reading, 
observation and experience, and being of exceptional natural ability and intelligence, 
he has become a man of influence in the financial circles of his native town. Always 
interested in the advancement of his line of business, he has done much to increase 
the cranberry industry by indi'cing men of wealth to engage in this business. In ad- 
dition to this occupation, he was successfully engaged in mercantile pursuits as well 
as the lumbering business, but is now devoting his time exclusively to his cranberry 
interests. He gives his political support to the Republican party, and has been twice 
elected to the office of sheriff of Ocean county by his party. He has also held several 
minor offices (for thirty- seven years as school trustee, serving with conspicuous 
efficiency), all of which he has occupied in a most acceptable manner, receiving the 
well-merited confideiKe of his fellow-citizens. He holds membership with the Prei- 
byterian church, of which he is elder, but in the cause of Christianity his interests 
are not confined to one denominatioii, for he assisted very materially in the building 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, and throughout Whitesville he is regarded with 
high esteem and confidence. Mr. Holman was for forty years conspicuously identified 
with Odd Fellowship. He was united in marriage to Miss Sarah E. White, a 
daughter of Judge James D. White, in honor of whom the city of Whitesville was 
named. They are the parents of nine children, namely; Charity, deceased; Amy; 
James D. ; L. W. ; George H.. who succeeded his father as sheriff; Charles Strattoni 
John W. ; Hattie T. ; and Robert I. Holman. 

James D. Holnian first saw the light of day near Whitesville, August 29. 1857,. 
and attended the common schools of his native city in childhood. In early life he fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming, for si.\ j'ears making his home with Julius Foster. 
In 1879 he left his native state and removed to Connecticut, where he entered the 
employ of D. C. Spencer, accepting the position of overseer of his cranberry marsh an-i 
larm. .\fter his father's election to the oftice of sheriff of Ocean county. New Jersey,, 
he returned to his homo to assume the management of the mercantile and lumber in- 
terests of his father, a position which he still retains. James D. Holman, like his 
father, is a man of generous impulses, who accepts all that is good in humanity an-l' 
overlooks the evil. He has won a large number of friends bv his genial nature, his 
deeds of unselfishness, and his high character. 

In 1888 he lead to the marriage altar Miss Wilhelmenia Downing, an accomplished' 
and highly cultured daughter of William H. and Catherine Downing, who became the 
mother of two interesting children, namely: Agnes H., and James D. Mrs. Holman 
comes from a family of superior intelligence and refinement. Her maternal great- 
grandfather Davison was l;ut a lad of fourteen years when he entered the Revo- 
lutionary war, and served long and faithfully. Her paternal grandfather was engaged 
very extensively in cranberry growing near Burrsville. Mrs. Holman herself has been 
considered one of the brightest students and most able teachers in her native county 
18 



274 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

and in other fields. When but fourteen years of age she passed a first grade teacher's 
examination, which required examinations in seven different studies. At the age of 
fifteen years she completed her examinations in the remaining eight studies, receiving 
in many branches a mark of one hundred per cent., while averaging a percentage of 
ninety-five. With such exceptional ability her success as a teacher was assured and in 
all her work she received the high commendation of all. 

James D. Hohnan is conspicuous as a successful cranberry merchant; his firm 
lias control of nearly all the cranberry product in this part of the country. Their force 
of pickers in one .season is five hundred, and they average each season a shipment of 
sixty carloads. Mr. Holman succeeded his father in the office of vice-president of 
the American Cranberry Growers Association. Mr. Holman has always taken an 
active interest in the welfare of his community, and has held the office of road 
overseer. He also served as president of the school board for ten years, and in all 
his duties was a competent and faithful worker. Socially he is connected with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and with the Knights of Pythias, and in religious 
faith is a Presbyterian, serving in his fathers place as elder of the Presbyterian church 
of Whitesville. Throughout his business career his honesty and integrity have been 
v.ideiy recognized, and he and his wife are highly respected for their many excellencies 

of character. 

■» » » 

JAMES GROVER TAYLOR, 

The late Captain James Grover Taylor was born on the farm in Holmdel town- 
ship, Monmouth county, New Jersey, on which his widow and children now live. 
May 31. 1830, and died February 22, 1897. He was a son of James Grover and Sarah 
(Morford) Taylor. James Grover Taylor, Sr., purchased a fine farm of one hun- 
dred and forty acres in Holmdel in early life and became a successful and enterprising 
farmer, but died when his son, the subject of this sketch, was eighteen years old; 
he left a widow and six other children, the care of whom devolved upon the eldest 
son, a duty which the latter discharged with fortitude and self-denial. The young 
man brought the farm into a high state of cultivation and productiveness, and later 
it became his property by purchase and inheritance. 

Captain Taylor was reared to farm life and was a successful farmer during all 
his active years. He was educated in the public schools of his native township and at 
Keyport. He was for eight years engaged as commander of a steamboat plying be- 
tween Keyport and New York City, in the service of the Keyport Transportation 
Company. Politically he was a Republican, and though he took no active part in 
public affairs, he was a well informed man, whose advice was often sought and 
acted upon by his party friends. 

Captain Taylor was married December 9. 1869, to Elizabeth E. Perrine. who 
was born March IS, 1842, a daughter of James W. and Deborah Ann (Dey) Perrine, 
both natives of Monmouth county. In the paternal line Mrs. Taylor was of French 
extraction, and many of her ancestors have been active and prominent in state and 
county affairs. Her paternal grandfather was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, 
as were also some of his brothers. Her maternal ancestors were also well known, and 
some of them were noted. Her grandfather. Captain William Dey, performed gallant 
service for the colonies in the Revolutionary struggle. 

Captain James Grover and Elizabeth E. (Perrine) Taylor had children born to 
them as follows: Eva Augusta, who was born August 25, 1870, married Hiram E. 
Deals, a farmer and literary man of Flemington; Sarah M. was born May 20, 1872; 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 275 

Lizzie E., who was born October 30, 1874, is a teacher of music; Alberta, who was 
born August 11, 1876, married Thomas Elvin English, and died December 16, i8g6; 
James Grover, Jr., who was born June 12, 1883, is a student at Peddie Institute and 
is also a farmer. All of the children of Captain and Mrs. Taylor, except James 
Grover, Jr., were graduated from Peddie Institute. 



JOHN. HURLEY STOUT. 

John H. Stout, who owns a beautiful farm of sixty-three acres in Neptune 
township, Monmouth county, a part of which was originally the property of his grand- 
father, Elhanan W. Stout, and part of which was inherited by his father, Elhanan H. 
Stout, was born on the i8th of October, 1842. The original ancestor of the Stout 
family in America was Richard Stout, who w'as born in Nottinghamshire, England, 
about 1620. and as a youth came to America, the exact date not being known. He 
was employed as a seaman on a war vessel, where he served for about seven years, 
receiving his discharge at New Amsterdam, now New York. Soon afterward he 
married Penelope Van Princes, whose life history is given elsewhere in this volume, 
and they had seven sons and three daughters, — ^John, Richard, Jonathan, Peter, James, 
Benjamin, David, Deliverance, Sarah and Penelope, all of whom reared large families 
cf their own. John, the eldest son, named his eldest son Richard, the latter locating 
at Squan and was called Squan Dick. The place is now known as Manasquan, and there 
he reared a large family of children, of whom the grandfather of our subject was 
descended in about the tenth generation. The latter, Elhanan Stout, married Mary 
Hurly, and they had a large family of children ; among them were Elhanan H. Stout ; 
Judge John Stout, who died while on the bench of Somerset county. New Jersey; and 
an older brother, who was a brave and gallant soldier in the Revolutionary war. The 
grandfather of our subject was a blacksmith by occupation, as was also the father 
•of our subject, while the latter was also employed as a farmer and fisherman, at one 
time carrying on an extensive business in that lin-e. One of his sons. Captain Samuel 
Lippencott Stout, followed the sea, and at the commencement of the Civil war was 
a mate on the schooner "John T. Williams," which was the first vessel, to receive a 
shot at the firing on Fort Sumter. The mother of our subject bore the maiden name 
of Mary Lippencott, and was a member of one of the oldest families of the county. 
For many generations they have been successful tillers of the soil. 

John H. Stout, whose name introduces this review, was married on the 20th of 
October, 1886, to Hannah A. Benard, w-ho was born December 27, 1856. She is a 
daughter of Frederick and Deborah (Brand) Benard, successful farming people of 
Wall township, Monmouth county. The father was a Frenchman by birth, while 
the mother -was a member of one of the oldest families of Monmouth county, the 
Perrines, who were of French-Huguenot descent, and were among the first to locate 
in the colony of New Jersey. Her grandfather Brand was a Revolutionary hero. 
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Stout have been born four children, — John B., Fred B., Joan and 
Samuel B. Mrs. Stout is a member of the Baptist church of Manasquan. She was 
a popular and successful teacher for many years before her marriage, and four of 
her sisters are also engaged in that profession. In his political affiliation Mr. Stout 
is a Republican, but the honors or emoluments of office have had little attraction for 
him. He is, however, a public-spirited and progressive citizen, and the agricultural 
interests of Monmouth county find in him a worthy representative. 



276 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 

GARRETT HENNESSEY. 

Garrett Hennessey, contractor and builder and an extensive dealer in pound- 
fishing. Long Branch, Monmouth county. New Jersey, was born near Ocean Grove, 
New Jersey, July i, 1841, son of John and Elizabeth (White) Hennessey. The an- 
cestral line is of French extraction, the ancestors of the family going from France to 
Ireland in 1690, and in the second generation from this removal John Hennessey 
emigrated to ihis country at the age of seventeen years and became the founder of 
the Hennessey family of America. He located in Monmouth county, after residing 
on Long Island for one year, married Elizabeth White, and died at Long Branch in 
his seventy-sixth year. His twelve children were: Garrett. James, John, Annie, 
Michael, deceased, Elizabeth, Edward, deceased, Jordan, deceased, Washington, 
Walter, Maggie and Emma. 

Garrett Hennessey acquired a common-school education, and was reared under 
his father's care until sixteen years of age. He then engaged for four years in the net 
fishing business. He next decided to learn brick-laying and plastering, and then taking 
up the study of drawing, he learned the carpenter trade, and after serving a full 
apprenticeship found employment in New York. In the meantime he studiously 
applied himself to the higher features of his trade, including architecture and mechan- 
ical drawing, his purpose being to prepare himself for the practical duties of a con- 
tractor and builder. He began business in Brooklyn. Long Island, where he filled a 
number ot important contracts. After carrying on his business here for a period 
of years, he returned to Long Branch, v.here he has established a suoecjsful business 
as a contractor and builder, and since iSqt, has been engaged in pound-fishing, a 
business which has also extended to large proportions. 

Mr. Hennessey has been twice married, his first wife being Charlotte Renderman, 
daughter of Robert Renderman, of London, England. The issue of this marriage 
were nine children. His second wife is Juliet, daughter of Robert Thompson, of 
Canada. Mr. Hennessey is a member of Sariadeather Lodge, No. 478, of Brooklyn, 
Long Island, I". & A. M., and of Seaview Lodge, No. 228. I. O. O. F., of North 
Long Branch. 



MAJOR JOSEPH TAYLOR FIELD. 

To the intelligence, industry and thrift of her agriculturists, more than to all 
other causes combined, does the county of Monmouth. N«w Jersey, owe her remark- 
able development, and of this large and useful class of her population the gentleman 
whose name is the caption of these memoirs is a worthy exponent. 

Joseph Taylor Field was born in Middletown township. Monmouth countv. New 
Jersey, November g. 1840. He is a son of the late Thomas S. and Martha (Taylor) 
Field, also natives of Middletown township and descendants of colonial settlers of 
New Jersey who located in the latter colony, coming from Long Island in 1760. The 
founder of the New Jersey branch of this family of Field was Elnathan. His son 
Thomas was the father of Thomas S. Field, the father of the immediate subject of 
this sketch. 

The late Thomas S. Field was one of the most prominent, progressive and 
successful of the farmers of Munmouth county. Polit'cally he was an old-line 
Whig, and subsequently a Republican : he was ahvays actively interested in the work 
of his political party and was honored with numerous trusts. He was for many years 
recognized as the leader of his party in his township, and his unquestioned ability and 
recognized uncompromising integrity led to his frequtnt support by many of his 




J^i^^^U/^^ 



«_-^-.^-<-^ 



HISTORY OF THE XEW JERSEY COAST. z-jj 

political opponents. He took an especial interest in tlie educational advancement of 
his community; he served for a number of years as director of Freehold Institute. 
He was a charter member of the First National Bank of Red Bank, and from its 
establishment up to the time of his decease served as a member of its board of 
directors. He was senior member of the firm of Field & Burrowes. leading lumber 
dealers of Monmouth county. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas S. Field had four sons and 
three daughters: Eleanor died in infancy; Thomas S. Field was a surveyor by pro- 
fession, subsequently a farmer of Middietown township, and died in 1862; his wife 
was Rebecca Patterson (see Patterson family memoirs in this volume) : Joseph T. 
Field; Henry Field, a surveyor and civil engineer by profession and also a farmer. 
married .\da Brooks, of New York; Susan Field died in childhood; Edwin Field. 
M. D., a graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York City 
(class of 'yi). is a leading surgeon of the state and located at Red Bank; Martha 
Field (deceased) married Dr. John Van Matre. of Atlantic Highlands. New Jersey. 
Joseph Taylor Field received his initial schooling in his native township, then 
attended Freehold Institute for three years, and took an academic course at Irving 
Institute. Tarrytown. He assisted in the cultivation of his father's farm up to Sep- 
tember 4. 1862, when he enlisted as a member of Company D. Twenty-ninth New 
Jersey Volunteer Infantry, of which he was elected captain. His command served 
with the Army of the Potomac, and the principal engagements in which he partici- 
pated were the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. His title of major was 
secured by promotion in January, 1863. He subsequently served on the staff of 
General Paul, First Brigade, First Division, First Army Corps. Returning to Mon- 
mouth county, he entered upon agricultural pursuits in Nut Swamp valley. Middle- 
town town.^hip. where he has ever since been engaged in successful farming operations. 
For a period of twenty years Major Field made a feature of the breeding of blooded 
stock, in which he was conspicuously successful. Politically his affiliat on has always 
been with the Republican party, but he has never had aspiration for political pre- 
ferment. He is a member of the Loyal Legion ; New Jersey Department, No. 6. 
G. A. R. : Mystic Ix)dge, No. 21, Free and Accepted Masons ; Hiram Oiapter. Royal 
Arch Masons. He is a member of the Monmouth Boat Club and a director of the 
Shrewsbury Mutual Insurance Company. Major Fields has been twice nxarried; 
in 186,^ to Mary, daughter of the late Borden Hance. She died a few days subsequent 
to her marriage. In January. 1866, Major Field wedded Isabella Wikoff. Their 
children are: Miss Julia H. Field; Thomas S. Field, farmer, who married Mis9 
Emeline Conover, daughter of W. W. Conover, and whose children are Thomas S. 
and Rachel ; George and Harrison Field, who died in childhood : Charlotte, whd 
married Harry Gulick. a farmer of Middietown; and Walter Field, who was color 
sergeant of the Fourth Regiment. New Jersey Volunteers, which served in the Spanish- 
American war. 

♦-•-♦ 

EDWIN S. QL'IN. 

The genial and popular proprietor of the Carteret Pharmacy is Edwin S Quin, 
who was born at Rossvillc. New York. September 8, 1869. His father, John .A. Quin, 
was a native of Bucks county, Pennsylvania, born on the 8th of December, 1829. He 
followed the trade of a carpenter, engaging in that pursuit for many years as a means 
of support for himself and family. He was married, July 26. 1863, to Miss Henrietta 
M. Alker. of New York City, and his death occurred in Cartertt. on the 24th of 
July, 1899. 



278 HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY CO'AST. 

In his early youth the subject of this review entered the public schools on Stateir 
Island and later became a student in St. Peter's parochial school at New York City. 
He entered upon his business career as manager for his father. In 1892 the family 
removed to Carteret, New Jersey, and on the nth of June, 1894, Mr. Quin was 
appointed postmaster of Carteret, in which position he continued for four years and 
ten months, retiring on the 31st of March, 1800. He then entered the real estate 
business, and afterward accepted a position with the Philadelphia & Reading Rail- 
road. Tn September, 1901, he purchased the Carteret Pharmacy, of which he is now 
proprietor. He conducts a first class establishment, keeping a full line of drugs, 
paints, oils, proprietary articles and all goods usually found in such a store, and he 
is receiving a liberal patronage. 

Mr. Quin exercises his right of franchise in support of the men and measures of 
the Democracy. He has held the office of light commissioner, having been four 
times elected as secretary of th^board of light district No. 2, in Woodbridge township, 
Middlesex county. In 1898 he was the Democratic nominee for tax collector of his 
township. He belongs to the Volunteer and Exempt Firemen of Carteret, and socially 
represents the Improved Order of Red M'cn and the Foresters of America. He is 
also a member and trustee of St. Joseph's Catholic church at Carteret. 



RULIF F. HOPPER. 



For almost twenty-two years Rulif F. Hopper has been connected with the busi- 
ness interests of Eatontown as a coal and lumber merchant, enjoying a constantly 
increasing patronage as the years have passed by. His birth occurred on the gth 
of November, 18,38, at West Long Branch, Monmouth county, at which time the place 
was known as Hoppertown, having been so called in honor of his ancestors. His 
grandfather, John Hopper, came to Monmouth county from New York City in the 
early part of the nineteenth century and purchased the old McGregor homestead. 
The house which was then the family home is still standing in a good state of 
preservation, on the southeast one of the four corners at Long Branch. For more, 
than a hundred years it has been a mute witness of America's progress through what 
will always be accounted an important century in the world's history, and is now 
one of the landmarks of the Jersey coast. 

Abram M. Hopper, the only son of John Hopper and the father of our subject, 
was for many years in command of a company of the New York state militia and 
was therefore always known as Captain Hopper. He was a man quite prominent in 
public affairs and a leader in thought and opinion. The family has always been noted 
for loyalty and patriotism, and during the Civil war was represented by four brothers, 
sons of Abram Hopper, in the Union army. The eldest son of the family served in 
the United States navy and in the regular army. 

In his native village Rulif F. Hopper passed the days of his boyhood and youth 
and acquired his early education in the common schools, after which he became a 
student in the New York Conference Seminary. He engaged in teaching in early 
manhood, but at the time of the war of the Rebellion he put aside all personal and 
business considerations and in 1862 offered his services to the government. For three 
years he was at the front, participating in a number of hotly contested engagements, 
and for meritorious conduct on the field of battle was raised from the ranks to the 
position of second lieutenant, and before hostilities had ceased was commissioned 
first lieutenant. He was always found at his post of duly whether upon the tented 



HISTORY OF THE NEW JERSEY COAST. 279 

field or on the firing line, and at the close of the war received an honorable discharge. 
In 1868 Mr. Hopper was married to Miss Elizabeth C. Wikoff, a daughter of 
Peter Wikoflf, and for several years they resided in .Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where 
Mr. Hopper was engaged in merc