(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The New Jersey freeman"

Y FREE 




VOL. I. 



BOOIVTCV, 



1844. 



NO. 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES. 
Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey. 

T ERMS. 

Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications l ust be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary . acririce, and we cannot afford 
to pay postage. 



Fur the Freeman. 
Mr. Editor. Abolititioniits, who are such indeed, 



are all aiming at the same result. Whatever could be 
seen to hasten that result they would hail with joy. 
We believe that all true abolitionists are pursuing the 
one great object by such means as ^»^y, in their honest 
convictions, deem best adaqted to secure it. They are 
of one accord in maintaining the deep and unqualified 
sinfulness and impolicy of slavery, and the obligation of 
immediate, universal emancipation. 

They are agreed in petitioning the government of 
God, and all human governments where they have a 
right to be heard, that slavery's heavy budrens may be 
undone. They are agreed in using to the uttermost all 
moral influence, while they differ extremely as to the 
propriety of using political influence. This difthrnce is 
a serious embarrassment to the anti slavery enterpriz;?. 
Abolitionists cannot walk and labor successfully. together 
except they are agreed. Their differences bring them 
into frequent collision; their power is greatly diminish 
ed, their cause is betrayed, and the deliverance of the 

peer sltnrc re --xetardrxl. Ftw w-i«*w>^ thinking men 

are likely to become active abolitionists while they ars 
compelled to witness such a spirit as was exhibited re- 
cently at the anniversary of the American A. S. Socie- 
ty in New York. That spirit was little* better than the 
spirit of slavery itself, and needs to be corrected before 
we can remove the beam from the eye of the southern 
slaveholder. Had abolitionists been all agreed either 
for or against political action, such a scene would not 
have been witnessed. In this enterprize emphatically, 
"how good it is for brethren to dwell together in unity." 

It seems to me that nothing can be more important 
at the present crisis of the slavery cause, than that 
all who love the down trodden slave, sdould be agreed 
in the measures which it is fitting to use for slaverys 
overthrow. We do not expect liberty will be proclaim 
ed "throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants 
thereof " without a struggle. To succeed in that strug- 
gle, we ought all to be united "in singleness of 'heart, fea- 
. j God." 

There ought not to be a difference on the political 
question. If it is right to vote slavery out of exjster.ee 
as well as w ite and preach it out, all should be agreed 
in the matter and vote with a hearty good will. If vo- 
ting is wrong in the case; if it offends God and hinders 
the enterprize, this should be understood and the polit- 
ical contest given up. God has established laws for the 
/aw/ear, for those who wiil r ot yield to truth and rea- 
son, and if it is right to apply his instrumentality to that 
whereunto it is sent, let us do it; if not, let us. forbear. 

Ir, it not possible then to settle the question of duty 
in reference to political action? What makes it duty for 
one to vote or not to vote? Can we not lay aside preju- 
dice and investigate honestly and prayerfully this ques- 
tion, "Is it the duty of men to vote against slavery?" 

Suppose we take up a kindred reform in another part 
of the world, and see whether we would not agree in 
voting for that, I mean the Irish repeal. The union 
which the Irish wish repealed, exists by law; and that 
law has its strength in the outrageous selfishness ana 



ambition of men. They, with O'Conneil at their head, 
have lifted their voices thro ighft&t the nation, remonstra- 
ting agains' the wrong and oppression under which they 
labor, and exerted all the moral influence they could in 
this way. They have sent O'Conneil to Parlaiment, and 
he has lifted his voice among ths lawmaker.-' to influence 
them morally to do justice. Have not the repealers done 
right in voting? Could they consistently have sent an 
anti-repealer, a persecuter of O'Conneil' to represnt them 
in the house of Commons? Does any A merican abolition- 
ist think of condemning their course? Surely not. Would 
it seem consistent for them to refuse to have O'Con- 
nell's voice heard in Parliament when they had power 
to send him there? 

Is not our case a parallel one? Slavery exists by law. 
That law, it is true, has its stength in the selfishness of 
the slave-holder and his apologist. Bat for their selfish- 
ness they would let the oppress ?d go free. s Yet their sin 
remains although we have rebuked it in high places and 
low; and we have no guaranty that mere remonstrance 
will break their hearts. Many "evil men and seducers 
shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and beingdeceiv- 
ed." While we have used moral' influence and continue 
to do so to the uttermost, v hy should we not, like the 
Irish repealers send our O'Eonnells to Congress to preach 
liberty to those who say "iet slavery be, and slavery is" 
The distinction which is extensively assumed, that 
political influence is at w irwiih moral, is not true: where 
can moial influence be more successfully and profitably 
employed tb;-ji in our legilaiive councils? Is there not 
moral influence in voting for truth as well as speaking & 
writing for it? Is not condemning slavery at the ballot 
box as truly a moral act as condemning it in the columns 
of a journal; and is nottht» ferffcienoe of tli<^ one act as 
much a moral influence as the influence of the other? 
If it is immoral to countenance drunkenness by voting for 
those who will licence the sale of rum, it must be moral 
to discountenance it by voting for those who will refuse 
to license such sale. 

But some object to political action who love the slave 
as well an we do, because it is thought to be destructive 
to piety. It is said that we cannot enter into the strife of 
the political world without losing the spirit and temper 
of Christ. That men do bfteu corrupt themselves in po- 
litical life v ill not be denied. But is this unavoidably 
so? If" It; is, then surely the service of God cannot cail 
us tithe pe-iis; T!v» objection assumes, that that service 



wolves in sh<*fcp ; a clothing. 

Certainly we are to setile this, as we do every other 
question of duty, by an application of the lav.- ci love '■(> 
the circumstances of the case. More a'nou 



in which ft man may become corrupt, cannot be requi- 
red of God. But is this true? Men may become corrupt 
in the most sacred callings. Ministers of the gospel 
may become proud and ambitious, These who speak in 
the Lords name through 'he myriad tongued press may 
speak li'-T. But is the fact that, these things may be so 
and in nvunry cases art- so, a good reason why the gospel 
should not he preached, and tiers d- d on the wings of 
the press to the ends of the aarti: r" Tl e-c corruptions 
come not unavoidably. We am certainly not to expoese. 
ourselves to unholy influences from which we cannot 
escape. Any man may comipt himself in any course of 
employment in life, but no man need do it in any course 
to which God and duty call. With God's panoply upon 
us we can resist the siggrftgate temptations to which any 
path of duty subjects us; we can "fight with beasts at 
Ephesus" or at the polls: without it of course we fall at 
et every step. 

Then ti e question to be first settled still- is, "What is 
duty — what will the Lord bave us to do? If he will have 
us vote for the freedom of the slave as well as pray 
and preach for it, we are bound to do it, and he will be 
with u.s. How t'ien shall 'we settle the question? The 
fact that some have lo3t their moral purity by going to 
the poll ; s cannot iiettje it, any more thau the apostacy of 
some ministers can pi-"ve f hai a'l ministers must be 



THE PRESIDENCY. 
Notwithstanding all that has bwn baid n tela- oil ; s 
slavehoWing dictaiion <»«£airs of go-. <;;•.•••-. 'ir 
of the South still, is give, give; and the hearty liesponst 
of the most pitifully subservient North, is, give, give. 

We would think that, the developemerfts of the t;asi 
were sufficient to open the eyes of the whole posplt?, & 
convince them of the absolute* folly, h not of wicked - 
ness, in alv- ays yielding to the inaolent demands of the 
slaveholders; but we have the continued manifestations 
of the arrogant requirements of the South, and servile^ 
submission on the part o: the North. 

According to the last censiis, there were about four 
millions df tree poeple in the smth. and about ten Trill- 
ions at the north; and this proporiimi has j :ihai* be* 
nearly the same, since the urganizaro': of >he gov.-;, 
ment. Since the adoption of the constitution v. e have 
five southern slaveholders for Presidents, who held tb< . 
office eight years eic-h, and one more whose four v^ar^ 
will terminate next March: making 44 jvars — and w: 
have had three northern Presidents who held the offirr 
four years each, making !2yt.irs only. With ♦his w-» 
think the South should bo satisfied, for a while at lea.* 
but how stands the matter? Within little mure thai, 
one mouth three great political conventions have i-o- 1. 
held, to nominate candidates! for the Presidency; all hi h : 
in a slayeholding atmosphere, and each con vention ha* 
nominated a scitkern sHwhoiiler . 

To say nothing about the characters' of the men ho,> . 
inated in other respects, the fact that these three part'ir-. 
are using every effort to elevate slaveholders to tfc 
higest office in the gift of the nation, when they ha 
had that office 44 out of 56 year, is p. tfnW that ougl" 
to open the eyes, and arose the indignation of ever* ci l 
lover of human liberty. Can this boasted Sand of fre- - 
dom have none but slavholders to preside over it; con: ■- 
cils? Is there not arr-ong the ten millions of norilu-r. 
freemen, one to be found capable of filling ilia* offii - 
who does not wear the badge <it • --ion, > a:- 

. . if ■ 

skirts are net stained with tL« bi-,wd oi'iv. hnocsnt? 

Shall the world look on and behold all th; ear rgies* r-' 
a great and prl'Sssedly free nation, put forth to eusla .. 
the slavekoldiuj interests, and perpetuate su buel, unit • t 
and detestable a system as American slavery'-' 

Let it be decreed otherwise by the poeph of thr 
Free States, 'and our Country sluill be red mod 



KiunaPpino is Phjladkm'HIa. — Tu« Pbi.ladeipha: 
Time?. sta<«-8 that a trios* singular case of attempted kid- 
napping occurred in that city, a few days ago. A tail , 
gaily dressed, nicely jeweled personage styling hims. »;' 
John Shaner, presented to the overseers of the pool >• 
letter signed "John Muhlenburg," representing ft r.- 
Shaner was a wealthy farmer of Barks County, Pa.. & 
that he was in want of a colored girl as a servant on 1. s 
place. The overseers selected from the Blockley Aim- 
house a likely looking girl about twelve years of age-, 
and bound her as an apprentice to Mr. Shaner. He star- 
ted with her for Maryland immediately, in order to d» 
pose of her as a slave, but, stopping at Lancast: r, his : 
tention was suspected, and he was arrested. He v> 
brought back the next day when the whole scheme ^ 
exposed ; as it turned out there was no such man in Be.!., 
county as John Muhlenberg and that Shaner w as a rogt • 

Emancipator. 



Miu-buyers are erractiy ou .i lev 



Vvith JBt'tlr-st'-ftl 

John. Wesleiu 



THE new Jersey 
FREEMAN. 

BOONTON, JUNE 15, 3844. 



Let us throw off the mask — 'tis a cobweb one at best, 
and the world will see through it. Ii will not do thus to 
talk like; philosophers, and act like unrelenting fyrants; 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our text, 
and actual oppression for our commentary. 

Wm. Pinckney, of Mnryland. 

in all things that have beauty, there is nothing to men 
more comely than LIBERTY MiUok. 



We live in age in which almost every part of the civ- 
jfirei! world is flooded with news paper publications; St 
the question may be asked, what need is there of any 
more;" We answer, that although the Press is hourly 
pouring forth its sheets with which the country is del- 
uged, yet there is a great scarcity of such as are deser- 
ving the patronage of those who wish well to the human 
race. The public press of our land, with but very few 
sxceptions, is under the control of political parties built 
upon foudations of party expediency, or swayed by sec- 
tarian influences; arnd are travelling far in the rear of a 
healthy public sentiment. 

They maintain an inflexible opporftioii to the truth, 
■while the truth" is unpopular, and give the whole weight 
of theif influence against those wbo are "persecuted 
for righteousness sake". 1 Whenever a number of in- 
dividuals whose hearts are filled with the love of truth 
ati3 universal philanthropy, band together to labor for 
the removal of popular evils, they not only have that e- 
vil to grapple with, but must struggle against the combin- 
ed influence's of the public press; and for tb : s reason 
mainly^ the business of reform is always a "Herculean 
Work. 

Error, unstrstained by popular influences, would fall 
by its own inherent unworthine;?s; it is only when it in 
interwoven with the imaginary iriteresis of a nation, and 
becomes so popular as to command the support and de- 
fence of the public press, that its removal becomes im- 
practicable or evert difficult. The political presses of the 
country are devoted to the interests 6f tlieir respective 
parties, arid wherl the interests of these parties require 
it, are ready to trample every interest of humanity under 
their feet, and villify, abuse arid persecute every individ- 
ual who loves the truth and dares to advocate it: while 
the religious press, devoted to their respective sectarian 
interests, like the Priest and the Levitt, "pass by on 
the other side," and in numerous instances j not only ca- 
lumniate and persecute the good Samaritau, but heap 
Wounds and bruises upon those even who have "fallen 
among thieves." 

Th«y have not only refused tb comb out 8'n the side of 
truth, but have helped all the ddium possible iipcn those 
who Have espoused it. The public pfess, religious 
and political With but very few exceptions have been lav • 
ish in their abuse of all thdse who fittve dared to adjfro 
eatethe doctrines of the Declaration of Independence. 

They Lave been profuse in the misrepresentation", of 
the views, principles and practices of those who hav- 
labored and plead for the abolition of slavery and :!. 
concomitant abominations, und when these misrepm 
sentatipns have been pointed out to them, tliey ha\i 
oust i ite t< '.ly rrfuse8 to make the corrections which jus 
tice deir&Hded. The column-; df American newspaper.- 
Kavo bwil i'rP'% opened for any, and every thing thar 
ihe cnumiefe of freedom desired to say against dtn:>>icipa 
tion or its friends, and with the rribsi unutterable iujv/. 
tice have been with very few exceptions critirpiy elcsei 
against the injured parties who have been cut off fir on, 
Ml defence. In short we have long been dssgtm i c 1 
with the contemptible prb-skivery subserviency of th 
American Pre a.-:, and we haye abandonee! ail hope »h:> 
through such a press, any thin* can be delicto puri:' 
public morals, to rolifeve the oppressed and u'owri t 
den, to advance trv.tl , brtfipr.:.. y a ..! perpetr ate bar Irt ■ 
institutio is. 



Under this state of things what is to be done. We d< 
u^i know „•: a . paper in New Jersey, the columns 
of which a -" pp&i it> the fronds of libertyV the discuss- 
ion of America.! Slavery either in its moral or political 
b earings, and we &e clear Iq the belief that our country 
requires an increase in the number of impartial, fearless 
and -independent newspaper publications, and under this 
conviction we istftie the NEW JERSEY FREEMAN, 
and proceed, briefly, to define our position. 

©n 8rtc Subject off Slavery, 
we take take the ground that it is a grievous wrong, an 
outrage under every circumstance, and "ihat no possible 
contiiigeitijies ban nvike it right;'" and that it should be 
immediately abolished. We believe that slavery ha.- 
long been consuming the vitafs of our nation, morally, 
polically, and religiously; therefore, we shall not labor 
Jo purify slavery, io remedy its defects, or correct its abu- 
ses; but to abolish it. Believing that God created all men 
Jree and equal, we shall yield to no compromises, but seek 
the total unconditional annihilation of the system itself. 

In laboring .for the accomplishment of this end, we be- 
lieve it our duty to make use of all honest means, and 
we do not believe in the possibiliy of separating moral 
suasion from politcal action. The Ballot Box, is an 
instrument of great power for good or for evil, and we 
cannot agree to give the enemies of truth the exclusive 
benefit of it. As long as we recognize the rightful ex- 
istence of law, we are bound by the highest obligations 
of our natures, to see to it, that we choose just men for 
laxo-malccrs. Slavery exists by law, and must be abol- 
ished by la w. We cannot understand the logic of those 
who believe that slavery is a great, unqualified evil, and 
then vote for slaveholders or their apopolgists; or refuse 
to vote for any. Moral suasion, is incomplete without 
political action, and under Lis view of the case, we 
must go with the Liberty Party, until that Party tram- 
ples under foot its own professed creed. 

On the Subject «»r Te«teper»nce, 
we must go for total abstinence, from all intoxicating 
liquors as a beverage. 

We do not believe that a w ise and benificeut God 
ever created in man a necessity for a drink, that is pro- 
ductive of such infinite mischief to the human race. 

Whatever our columns will permit us to say on this 
subject, shall be said with TOTAL ABSTINENCE 
inscribed on omr BANNER. 

We shall go- for PEACE, For MORAL REFORM, 
and for the correction of eVery abus e forbidden by 
Christianity; for until this is accdlnplisued, we do not 
believe that "peace on earth and good will to men" 
will reign to bless the human race. 

Free Dilcussion; 
We do not believe that honest, intelligent beings, 
should ever incorporate in their creeds, whether in sci- 
ence, politics, moials or religion; any thing that they are 
iwilling to'havejmy and freely" discussed] therefore we 
■ for fr£t dis'amum. And as We heaitiy despise that 
too prevalent spirit of the public press, which gives the 
•oeple one side of a question only, we promise, that 
ivheh we say any thing against any person or party, to 
give that person, or party a reasonable space in our pa- 
per for defence. If we do this, we are sure that our 
paper will difler very materially from the papers of the 
'.ge. If we do thii, we" can feel entitled to a liberal 
-.atronage, and believe that an honest, justice loving 
[ublic will not fail to give rt. 



STATE LIBERTY CONVENTION 

Newark, I nil, 1844, a number of the Libert 
Party friends, met in the Baptist Church foot of Market 
otrcet at 12 ociock. Mr. John Lee was chot-u Pres- 
ident, end Wm. F. Gardner Secretary. 

Prayer was oflered by Mi.- Daniel Wise of West 
Bloomfield: 

Messrs. A. H. Freeman, Wright Flavcl and Daniel 
'Vise were appointed a business Committee, and were 
instructed to nominate a Central Committee. 
The meeting then adjourned to 2' ociock P. ft?. 

At. half past 2 P. M. the convention wascall'oi to or- 
der by the President, and player w«fs offered by Rich- 
ard Kelsal of Orange. 

The Chairman of the" business committee reported 
the following resolutions which were discussed and 
adopted. 

Resdlved, 1, That irt the opinion of this Convention, 
slavekolding, is an utter violation of Benevolence, Jus- 
tice, and of every other moral principle ; therefore no 
•MveholdcT can be fit to hold any o&ce of honor, trustor 
profit. 

2, That while it is the privilege and right of every man 
possessed of the elective franchise to use it in the selection 
of Legislator's and Giheers; we hold it to be our high 
duty so to exercise it, &s to produce a sound moral 
influence upsh the commonwealth, and ;,ot bestow it 
upon any man who is morally disqualified; therefore we 
w6uld be false to our convictions, were we to vote for 
a slavehdltkr, his' deferider) or his dpologisl. 

3, That the nation ia jSst wakirig up to the fact, that 
the Federal Government is, and has for a long time 
been completely under, the dominion, and at the mercy 
of the siave power. Thrit the unwise compromise in 
the Constitution, which gives slave property a repre- 
sentation in Congess, has given to the slaveholder, un- 
due weight in the councils of the nation, which advan- 
tage he hste seized upon with avidity, secured with the 
utmost tenacity, and pursued with untiring industry; 
until we find that if we wrrtdd not be slaves" ourselves, 

we mu^. mui L ,e from our olumber.^ and e^ert our bfest 

energies, or sorm our last hope of liberty for ourselves 
and dur -pos-emy, will be extinguished forever. 

4, That the same drriad of the slave power which 
awes the general government, is found to a great extent 
in our own state; having laws which actually chatteKze, 
according to the last census, 670 of our fellow citrcens, 
and which . more or less oppress every colored man 
within our borders. 

5, That we have for a long time lost all confidence 
in the Whig ithd Democratic parties, in reference to 
action against slavery; we see 1 no hope of deliverance 
through them ; only so far as they may be urged to ac- 
tion by the independent and consistent course of anti- 
slavery men; they evidently haVe as partus, given in 
their adhesion to the tyrant power and courted its influ- 
ence to put them in high places; therefore, we continue* 
to turn aside from them In despair, and will give our 
suffrages to trtle and hdhest rnen of our own selection. 

6, That W3 have hdt only a great out inereasiing c 
dence iri political abolition"; nor can that confidence be 
shaken while the slave power treffibles at it? growth 
and influence, and wiiiie such men as Cassius jf! Clav 
ale complimenting the Liberty Party, as the emboriy- 
trient and impersonation of the true and living anti- 
slavery principle and feeling of the nation. 

7, That we are satisfied that the organization and 
rajfid enlargement of the Liberty Party, are the great 
facts ,whieh impel most of our public men who venture 
at any time, to take a stand more or Iee;;s high against 
ihe s/ave power. 

8, That whi/e we thus express our confidence in p><~ 
lilicil action against slavery, we recognize nothing as 
genuine atuialavery action, which doe's not spring from 
a deep seated and keen conviction of the unutteiabi. 

debfjsemest, wretchedness, and horror of American 
slavery; of the unutterable hardihoods cruelty &tfirilt of 

If the pulpit be silent, whenever, or whereever there }he Amerlt-an slaveholder; and of the absolute opposi- 
: ay be a sinner bloody with this guilt, within the hear-] tion ofbtrth to christian principle of common philfm- 

ng of sis voice, the pulpit is false to its trust. j thropy. 

^Daniel TrVebstcr, hi allusion to the Sieve trade. 9, That we eertlinlly respond to the nominations mitJc 

by tw if e; rsive national conventions, of James (•: 
Birney ard Thomas Morris, for President and Vic:- 
President of thsi United States, and pledge ourselves to 
do whuf we can to ensure them the electoral votS of 
this Slate. 



Tax our lands, villify our country, carry the sword of 
• .nination through our defenceless villages; but spa e 
i impl'ee yon. iiie curse of slavery that bitterest 

hop iioni il e chalice of the tiestroying angel! 



Faulkner ) of Western Vutjlda. 



10, That we'present to our fellow citizens the names 
of Darius Wells, James HoU'e, 
Thomas V. Johosun, Alexander H. Fremah, Stpehen 



Grimes, anc 



Charles F. Glark as 



citable men for Pres- 
idential Electors, true to liberty arid the nominees ol 
the national liberty convention. 

11, That we hold it to be the duly of the Conven- 
tion now sitting, to form a. new constitution for this 
State, to follow the example so nobly set by ri.e State 
of Rhode Island, and recommended by GoveniO! jjaiu win 
of Connecticut, by securing the elective franchise to our 
citizens without distinction of color. 

12, That the whole course of the preaent national ad- 
ministration in reference to Texas; the negotiation of the 
treaty of annexation, and subsequent preparation for hos- 
tilities with Mexico, is a most finished tod expressive 
specimen of slaveholding impudence, contempt of funda- 
mental law, and the wishes of the nations, ahd ought to- 
be regarded us a merited punishment to the peo ple fot 
their outrage upon humanity in elevating f he slave, holder 
to office. 

13, That we appoint Derius Wells, Wright Flaveil, 
Josiah P. Huntoon, Isaac VanBlarcorn, Benjamin Crane, 
John Lee, John A. Paine, John Grimes and Alexander 
H. Freeman, to act as a State central corresponding com- 
mittee until the next convention, with power to fill va- 
cancies. 

14, That when we adjourn, We adjourn to meet at 
the call of the Central Committee. 

15, That the thanks of the convention are due, and 
are hereby given, to the proprie(er of this house for the 
accommodations gratuitously furnished. 

16, That the proceedings of this convention with thti 
resolutions be signed by its officers and published unde/r 
the direction of the central committee . 



Wm. F. Gardner^ Secretary. 



John Lee, President. 



TRUE COURAGE. 
What ia Uue courage? Is it that boisterous spirit which 
brings itself into notice v/hen there is no danger, fight- 
ing boldly in time of peace, and winning laurels ait the 
quiet fireside; that talks long and loudly of meeting op- 
position and difficulty with firmness; but wheu tb.e hour 
arrives that tries men's souls shrinks away in it;* little- 
ness, leaving no'okenof its existence save the echoing 
mutterings of discontent at ways meant & employed? Is 
not true courage rather that calm, selfposse^; led, unos- 
tentatious spirit that shrinks from boasting, Lu tviien the 

hour of trial comes, firm as the adamantine, rock, it I erty and justice, they assert that they have rights in 



EW JERSEY ANTI SLAVERY CONVENT! 

Newark, May 10, 184^. 
In accordance with a call made by the Executive 
Committee of the New Jersey And Slavery Society, 
lie friends of liberty convened in the Free Church at 
half past 11 A. M. The meeting was called to order 
uy Win. L. Parsons, James Howe of Jersey City was 
appointed Chairman pro. tern,, and Wm. F Gardner of 
Newark, Secretary. 

Xhe m eeting was opened with prayer by brother Amos 
G Bernan of New Haven, when Jacob L Brotherton of 
Dover was appointed to take the roll of the meeting. 
On ufotion of Ellison Conger, it was Resolved, that all 
individuals from other States attending our 
meeting, be invited to participate with us in our pro- 
ceedings. On motion, after some discuseion, it was Re- 
solved, That brother George W, Clark of N, York be 
invited to sing an Anti Slavery Ode: when he saug the 
blitid slave boy, with much effect. It was then Resolved, 
thz t a committee be appointed to prepare business for 
the afternoon, to consist of T D Weld. J. Grimes, W L 
Persons, S. I. Dorrahce, J. H. Martyn, E. W. Goodwin, 
S. E. Cornish. 

Resolved, that A. N. Dougherty, and Peter Courter, 
be a committee to procure and distribute notices for the 
meeting this evening. 

The meeting then adjourned to 3 oclock P. M- 
At 3 oclock P. M. the convention came to order, and 
J. Grimes was chosen President. 

Prayer was offered by brother Shepherd of Troy, & 
Abel Brown of Albany offered for consideration the 
tract subject, a as means to forward the Anti Slavery 
cause, in a few very appropriate remarks. 

The business committee reported by their chairman, 
the following resolutions, which, after much interresting 
discussion, participated in by Messrs.Shepherd, Brown 
Godwin, Dougherty, Beamau and others, and an Ode 
by Mr. Clark; were adopted. 

1, Resolved, That by uniting in communities, men 
proclaim that they have interests in common; by erec- 
ting these communities into governments, based upon 
onstitution embodying the essential principles of lib- 



meets it, and despite the influence of public opinion, the 
contempt of the world dares to do right, dare s to be hon- 
est, just, true to Goo, to itself, to its country, 
and to the world, dafes under all circum: stances to do 
unto others as It would be done by; th ; k is a courage 
far more noble than that which lays prosti . rate on the field 
of battle, thousands of lacerated dying; beings cut off 
from existence, in the full enjoyment of life, and in all 
the vigor of manhood, leaving broken hearts, to bewail 
in their desolate homes, the horrors and miseries of 
ruthless war Is it true courage thait sends the chal- 
lenge? that, regardless of the laws of God, heedless of 
the still small voice that 6peaks froni the heart, "take 
not the life of thy brother man," stands a fellow being 
uncalled into the world of spirits? Is it true courage 
that takes from the mother, the staff and comfort of her 
old age, and causes her with unutterable anguish to 
mourn the untimely fate of her first born and only soni* 
Is it true courage, that separates fibreverft'om th>. i ister, 
the loved companion of her childhood, the brother who 
shared in ail her pursuits, and lays him low in all the 
vigor of youth a mournful! spectacle of duelling? Is it trut 
courage that, deprives a large and dependent family of 
its head and protector, thitt makes the children father- 
less and causes the widowed wife to exclaim in all the 
eloquence of grief: I feannot bt; CornfortSd? Is it not true 
courage that refuses the challenge, that regardless of the 
imputations of cowardice, answersl fe&r Godanff Ihav^ 
no other feat Such was the courage of Paul, of Martin 
Luther, and of Our own Washington. Such is the cour- 
age that sust; ins evHy upright man amid all the diffi- 
culty and oppsition that he meets with; that nerves him 
to endure every trial, and in the true spirit of genuine 
christian courage to exclaim I feftr God and I have no 
other fear. D. 



He who upholds oppressiofi shares ;he Qrim*» HorCard. 



ommon; that these rights are inalienable, that they are 
exposed to outrage, and therefore are equally and in 
common entitled to whatever protection these princi- 
ples secure to them, which protection- each claims for 
himself and pledges to eveijy other, and to all. 

2, Resolved, That to secure by law, special privileges 
honors, powers and emoluments, to one class of per- 
sons, excluding therefrom all freemen of any other class, 
ia subversive of the principjes of a republican govern- 
ment," that any government establishing such a prvileged 
class, erects an aristocracy of the most exclusive caste, 
pensioned and perpetuated by the most odious monop- 
olies. 

3, Resolved, That any vaunting its Democracy, yet 
restricting the right of suffrage and eligibility to office, 
is hypocritical in its pretences and in its boat- 
ings, is traitorous* to its principles, and guilty of aposta- 
ey from tiie faith it profebses. 

4, Resolved, That when this exclusion from rights and 
privileges is founded upon the color of the skin, impie- 
ty to ward God whose gocd pleasure hath thus shaded 
the faces of a portion of his equal children, is added to 
atrocious outrage upon republican principles and the 
rights of man. 

5, Resolved, That the law of this State which ex- 
eludes from the right of suffrage and ^legibility to office, 
with all the immunities appertaining thereto, and the 
respectful estimation arising therefrom, all free persons 
of color, thus converting their complexion into a badge 
of degradation and a brand of d.sfranchisement; is a law 
unworthy of a free people, k blot upon republican insti- 
tutions and justly subjects aj professedly Christian State 
to the scoffs of infidelity and heathenism the world 
over. 

6, Resolved, That as all humafl beings possets human 
nature, and as all human righta spring from human na- 
ture; therefore all human {^eirigs have rights, and the 
same rights, consequently ire in common with the fra- 
mers of the Declaration o ; Independence, "hold these 

ru ths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal 
ate." 

7, Resolved, That as all human beings are equal in 
ights, the lights of all are equally entitled to protection 



and therefore it is the sacred dtify of every governmt nt 
equally to protect those whose rigks are equal, conse- 
quently, if a government claiming to be republican :n 
-cts a code of laws to secure i . •>. portion of its peo- 
ple, their rights nd another code expressly to v rest a- 
way from another theirs; it is in this respect a despotism 
unspeakably mo: e vile and detestable than that of the 
Czar6 or the Sultans v inasmuch as while it preaches lib- 
erty ,it practices slavery; while shouting equality, it takes 
those whom it declares and decrees equals and 
makes a part of them proprietors, and the other part 
property; while prating about inviolable rights it wrests 
from human beings all their rights and dooms to slavery 
their unhorn offsprings. Sr.ch a despotism is our Slave- 
hoding Republic. 

Sj Therefore Resolved, the guilt and infamy, of such 
a ditspotism, and of such hypocrisy & falshood, cleave 
to every American, and to every Jerseyman, who refu- 
ses to make his life, in his social, political and ecclesi- 
astical relations, a testimony aginst such an enormity. 

^Resolved, That slavery exists in the Southern 
States of this Union by the consent and power of the 
North; and that therefore we are verily guilty concern- 
ing our brother. 

10, Resolved, That mora! suasion is a means of pre- 
paring the public mind for efficient action for the overthrow 

of slavery, and therefore not to be abandonded; Aud 

that as shivery is sanctioned and sustained by law, we 
are pointed for efficient action to the Ballot Box, as an 
instrumentality for the overthrow of slavery & for let- 
ting the oppressed go free. 

11, Revolved, That Henry Clay, in advancing the fol- 
lowing sentiment in his late letter on annexation, " it is 
less dishonorable to inflict an tffet of injustice upon a pow- 
erful than a weak foreign nation" has unintefttionally 
but most truly spoken a lesson of terrible import to A- 
merican oppressor*. 

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to 
memorialize the Convention about to assemble to revise 
the Constitution of this state, on the subject of human 
rights; to attend the wid Convention, and in all proper 
and respectful ways- to urge upon that Convention the 
duty of regarding" the rights of all men without distinc- 
tion of color, and the injustice of entailing upon the peo- 
ple of this state, a Constitution that makes-such distinc- 
tions. 

The Convention then adjourned to meet again in the 
evening. 

At 8 oclock an ode was sung by Mr. Clark, and 
prayer was offered by Mr. Shepherd of Troy, N. Y. 

The President reported the names of Samuel I. Dor- 
rance, Alexandei H. Freeman and Jacob L. Brother- 
ton, as the committee to memorialize the State Con- 
vention for revising the Constitution. 

The remainder of the evening was occupied bv Mr. 
Weld with his lecture on "Truth and its hindrances," 
and a few Odes by Mr. Clark, and the Convention ad- 
journed. 



The delay in issuing the first No. of the New Jersey 
Freeman, which we intended to send out the first of the 
month, has been unavoidable, and we send it out now 
without being entirely ready. Whatever apologies are 
necessary for the appearance of the print and other things 
connected wilh the mechanical part of the work, we ex- 
plain by saying that we are not printers by profession, 
i and we do not know much about it, and we print with 
a press of our own construction-. If our readers will 
have a little patience we will, without doubt, make 
some improvement. We trust our numerous typograph- 
ical errors will be excused under the circumstances. 

If any apologies are necessary on account of the Edi- 
torial defects, we must say that we can only devote an 
occasional moment to this business, having our daily 
and hourly duties to perform in another profession. In 
this matter also we intend to make improvements. 

We invite the friends of Liberty and Temperance to 
aasist in this particular, to send on short communica- 
tions, post paid, for insertion in the Freeman, remem- 
beringthe size of our sheet. Let the articles be. short, 
and let them bo. worth reading. 



Daniel Q'Cojm^ell 
By the arrival of the steamship Acadia on the 19th, 
information has been received that Daniel O'Connell 
has been sentenced to fine and imprisonment: the fine is 
i£2,000 and imprisonment twelve calendar mouths. 



POETRY. 

SweeJ Spring ! isl! '-lad in flowers, 
VVe welcome thee with juvotis heart; 

T' ou eome'sf fo deck eg;;in our bowers, 
Aud b'lmy fragrance 'o int. art. 

In ci-orai numbers from e*ch {»»<)£->, 

!' ;« f'e.ith.-reJ thois their gl.idness aibg- 
Aii nature teerning into life 

its tribute to thy Coming bribes. 

Al nature greets thee with spile, 

>r Birth, and sea, u->ite their so <«s. 
Tiie tBOuhtuins, labs, the bil's and yaKs, 
The smiling chorus still prolongs. 

All's happv S nv» the ssuhing slave, 

Bowed down, a bcate, and sad opposed. 

Jfat 1 re may-joy, may smile airi sin .-, 
Spring is to him a dreary w;as;e, 

Littleton April 1844. 



Fine Cartridge Box, . e Fi •»»•«! Box, and the 

Ballot box. 



• c following lutes from tbe pen of Mrs. Bailey of 
Ciiwiimati, we believe are founded ©u these cireum- 
e: A family cueisting of l%» parents and four 

filukJrw, one of wh.cd ivaabiind w, re sold and forever 
separated; first the fatter, then three of the children, 
hen the mother ard finally the little blind boy was 
*>ld for one dollar. 1 1 §lV e3 a thriling exhibition of 
'he heart-rending agonies which thousands suffer at the 
South; outrage* that are justified by the lawaof all the 
slave Stnfei in the Union. 

i hey h ive ken set to excellent music by Mr. G. W. 
v lark of ICaw York. 

THE BJLIJfB SLAVE BOY" 

Cone b.ick t. me mother, why linger away, 
! rou-i thy poor little blind boy. tbc long wearv day; 
I .uttrk every footstep. I -list to e!u -h tone, 
.\< d w<. !)£ i. r my mo her fhouH leave me ulone. 

i'lteie are voices of eorrtfcv and voices of glee, 
Bui there's >>o one to joy or to sorrow with me : 
F'-r each baih of pleasures and trouble his share, 
And none for the poor litile blind boy^will care. 

My mother come back to me close to thy breast 
Onto more let thy poor little blind one be pressed 
Once more let me feel tty warm breath on my check, 
And hexr then in accents of tenderness apwli 

0} mother. I 've no one fo love me— no heari 
Can bear like thine ow n in my sorrows a par, 1 , 
No hand in 60 gentle, no toice Is * 0 kind, 
Oh , none hko a mother 'cherish the !>H&r!. 

Corn? back to me ;t.yifc.. r why Wnper awav, ' • 

From thy poor litti, blind b«.y the Urn* Jean day 
T mark every fo ntep, I list to each (one. 
And uo:.dc . my toother hath left mo alone 

Poor Mw>d oh» no mother thy wailing can hear, 
No n.o'-i ir fan beatep to banish l by f ( ar 
For the si iye-ow tier drives her o it mountain and wild, 
And for one paltry dollar hath sold thee, poor child. 

Ah who can in language of mortal revea 

" 'bat none bat a mother can feel, 
* ' ;" wan '» »is vile Inst ofdoniinitm hath trod 
Ou \vA child, who hi stricken and ••...itten of God. 



We heard & quai.i t >] I gentleman a few evenings 
since, speak ii.g upon a suppression of^tfie, rum traffic 
remark, there were but three ways of Kyialating the 
matter. Out was the Cartridge box. Hut that would 
never do hi these days. A i: other was the Band box, 
alias smooth words and (air s-'eechoV, in oral suasion, 
which the ruu.s.-ller cared as little aborj , t us did the 
'toy on the apple tree, the ojd mail's grass! We jmust 
go to ihe Bullot box, re t ie piestion ot'llicense or no 
license brought to the poils ( and submitted to the peo- 
hle. if we are beat, rryagai . aoi i- ; trying until 
we bring the comm r. ; .'v to , by a s»r.inl' vote, they 
will be^ffiicted »;it.h the cm ■ no lou««r \ 

Jtmrmul of the Temperanai Union. 



Hhiid, helpless, forsaken, wit': grangers alonej 
'>hv heer* in her anguish his piteous mojno ; 
ls heeageryl listens— but listens in vain,' 
ratch the loved tones ofhi. n other again. 

h«> ctnsa of the broken in f{ i it sh : ,|i f a j] 

" ' he w;, ' etcn u hobarh mingldS this ..ormwotd ,and 
gall, 

J" 1 "ke a u.ild«w shall blight and d<*trov, 

Bfth torn ficm • i., , H h,r tn <: little blind hoy. 

; -.««mber. Heaven h fcS au uvengip^ rod __ 
i'- ;c: tc tli,. r K ,'-i- ;S l egso.t o-aiott God. 



THE DBi'IKABiB'S I.9«IC. 

Overseer of the poor. Well, Tom, l'vn come to 
put you all into ihe po'u-hotise. Your wife (says she 
can stand it no fapnger, for she cannot get fool ! lor the 
children. 

Tom. — Whatever i.-, is right, I sV ,J se, us thii gram- 
mar book used t« aay. We've all suffered enough, if 
that's all. feu.', it is all 'ici.i.r<litig to law. The law 
said there might be a -h.,p. and the, select-mctft said 
there ought to be a I hap, mid sart bed that otd Red 
Face down there was t'ie best m"Q to keep it, and he 
has made me a dtunka -'i, atd got all my property, and 
now let the town take care of us. I've been thinking 
on't, and it seems to me right, that if a town will let 
then make drunkards and paupers, it ought to hike 
care of them. It seems strange to me that the Legis- 
lator hadn't made a law to bu Id great rich houses to 
put the few rumsellers in; and iben there would have 
been no use for poor houses, sartin. Now twenty years 
ago I «as better off th'o'n Rod Nose; I could have paiti 
cash dowu for him, but he set up bv me, and I took 
little to wet his siga— to hind a harg« : t), etc. till I lost « 
all in his shop, and i» just so with a dozen more of us. 
How much the town wo id have saved had they put 
him into the public ke-pi. rather than al) of us. 
But he's as big a drunkard a* lam, only he can be 
sick, and lay down, and have ride, or the doctor, and 
dress well. But it's a!! \ H% aud he>1 , 800Q bc there 
too, and then I 'll.settle with him. 
Overseer. Are you ready? 

Tom. Ay, ay, sir. I couHn't help thinking there 
was something brewing when the old feller sniffld, and 
said Ais was the last I should ave of him. Well now 
'squir, , I 'rh desput glad they've sent a decent looking 
man arte me, for, if yoa!lTbelieve it, when they sent 
me to the Houiso of Cdrnecti m. the constable was so 
drunk that the beeper was confoundedly bothered to 
tell which he shmiid ke&j, :<wi if the constable had come 
this time, and been slhii up iu the Pi orhous'l with mv 
wife, instead of me, thru T \\ lost mv chance, but now 
I'hope to reform aa(V>f 1 hrlfty did. I little thought 
when Ibo»ig>it h."..r a> d ope: d my carpenter's shop, 
that I should get on th.j wrong side f that fence. But 
it is iiFl/erw. all right, ,1 spose. tbo fdont understand 
the policy of it. I am glad you've com.-. Tarn indeed 
sir. The hewlaw/dont stop them vet, in d 1 see no way 
to change hut to be shut up out of their reach, that's 

all, sir, and out of the reach of everybody, that's all 

nothing short, sir, will do it. Ji«t so f can help drink- 
ing when I sees the door rWei*. and {Jed Nose smack- 
ing bis lips so! Thafs al, sir, 1 -.1 go, sir. 



plirdge, and .another meeting was called fur with but 
one disscnn 1 ':ig <oice. and ivhen the question arose, 
where should trie next meeting be held, we were iu- 
formed that the rum-seller would let us have his bara 
anv day ofth-- vw rk except the 3abhath, he did not 
wish the holy Sabbath desecrated by sue!- meetings. 

Now if this same rum-s. Her does not deal out his 
soul-damtimg poison on the sabbath, he (lore not hes- 
itate to deal it out to every loafer that calls, every other 
day oi the week, and on Saturday night it they de-ice 
it, enough to keep them drunk all dnv on Sunday. 

He need not mink to make others believe his regard 
for the sabbath, any tiling b tter than barefaced hypoc- 
risy whle he continues to deal out the deadly pr ison 
to his fellow beings, knowing it to be suck. The rum- 
seller is the devil's chief agent in tbe business of sab- 
bath-breading as well »» in disturbing the peace of 
the e ummunity on all other daysj and we believe i; ie 
the. soJmin duty of every lover of God's laws to "spare 
no efforts, but to labpr on all davs, and in ail ph.ee*, 
to hold up his detestable business before the world in 
'ts true light. We. call upon all those Ministers and 
Deecons that oppose temperu nee and otber v iiioraT re- 
form meetings on the Sabbath, to look into this mat- 
ter and see if the language of the rum-seller's heart 
is not "you're the Ministers and Deacons for i e." 



The llum-Seller's tender regard for the 
SAB MS A TH. 

Not Jong since, we were invited * 0 hold ■„ Temperance 
meeting in the. neighborhood of a newly established 
rum seller, and as ifb convenient housa could be obtain- 
ed tor the meeting, itwafto be held under the the trees. 

The day however proved unp'easant, and a barn was 
procured for the meeting, which w as to be held on the 
Sahlwth, it being very inconvenient forth, poeple to 
itteurJ any ether day. The ini abitants turned out in 
great nhmbers aud gave mos ah quivocal damaastra- 
tionsbfAfcir con tern pt|for th rum-selter-s traffic; the 
meeting wh one of great i merest, addresses were'giv- 
en by a-.verrd i^di ■-..! >a'«. a ;.*>.! „„mber sighed th 



THE committee appointed at the last meeting of 
the State Society te prepare an address to the poeple of 
Ne w Jersey, to report at the next meting of the Society 
whtch will be in August, now consists of Messrs T. D. 
Weld, and John Lee. We Iwpe they will not fail t» 
report at the August meeting . 

FOURTH OF JULY. 

The Boonton VVasiiingtonians have re* 
solved to celebrate the (approaching Anni- 
versary ©four National- tndipendence with 
out the aid of rum and gun powder, and 
cordially invite all the friends of Temper- 
a nee in the adjoining villages to co-operate 
with them in this praiseworthy work. 

notice! 

Theodore D. Weld will lecture on 
Tem perance in the Free Church in this vil- 
lage, on Monday evening next, June 24th 

On the following evening, (Tuesday.) he 
will dt Oliver an address on the subject ol 
Anti Slavery, at the same place The ex- 
ercises will commence at 8 oclock. 

The public are respectfully invited to at 
tend. IVo one who has ever listened to Mr 
Weld, wi.U fail tn hear him as often as he 
has the opportunity. 

Boonton,, June, 20th, 1844. 



The (blow ing individuals will help on the 
cause of liberty by acting aa agents forth;* 
paper. 

Jacoc L. E'rothertoit. 
John Lee, West Bloomfield. 
C. Peloubet BlooninV..: 
Richard Kclsai, Orange, 
Win. F. Giudnei. Newark, 



Wright Flavell, 
James Howe, 



Paterson. 
Jersey City, 



Joseph J. Fft&WMd, West Mil lord 
Steplien Gv\' 108, Stanhope, 
Kphraim C . . V Succasunna, 
Peter EUis, Crossvviik-, 
Baxtr Sayrt , Madison 

l^ny other frij^n" of liberty, will coi.,. , 
a favor and aid on the cause of Freedom 
dy helping in the eirmlatiou of this paper * 



rct7 




VOL. I. 



THE FEE EM AN 



"WILL BE PL'BL. 

Boonlor., Mon 



ED MONTHLY BY 

grimes' 

County, New Jer.iey. 



1 Jf R M S . 
Single copy 2p ceni/per annum, or for 12 numbers. 
10 copies to one adders for two dollars. 
All communication* must bo post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afford 
to pay postage 

■ For rhffNew Jersey Freeman. 
FtfURTH OF JULY. 
Mr. Editor, The Fourth of July is a day 'which brings 
•with it association! peculiarly instructing to every re- 
flecting mind. I« identity With the history of this na- 
tion is somewhayana' tgous to the Passover in that of an- 
cient Israel ; ana like that event, ought to be observed 
as a religious festival. As the Temperance cause pro- 
gresses we fusel a nearer approximation to this way 
of observing 

As we bad yesterday no celebration in our Town, I 

went to witness the proceedings in N , & thought 

there appeared to be something of a retrogressive move- 
ment in their mode of conducting the exercises. 

The War/spirit seems to be reviving. Several new 
companies of yov.ng men have recently been formed who 
were dressed in gaudy uniforms of red, blue and green 
&c, and efiecteu quite a military display. The house of 
convention being crowded, i did not get in to hear the 
Oratio^, but understand it was very eloquent. 

In the afternoon the Children of the di 1 '* it-rent Sabbath 
* Schools were convene a in one of the Churches ant', 
addressed by several Rev. Gentlemen, and afterwards 
treated very handsomely to refeshmerits of various kinds, 
an excellent custom, which ought to be adopted in ev- 
ery neighborhood . 

The Rev. Gentleman who first addresed them said 
he would take a text which he did not know was in 
the bible untill he saw it upon an old bell that was cast 
about seventy years ago, and put up in the belfry of the 
State House in Philadelphia. 

The text inscribed upon it was, "Proclaim LIBER- 
TY throughout all the land, TO ALL THE INHAB- 
ITANTS THEREOF." Certainly a more suitable text 
could not have been selected, and it is a pity that min- 
isters of the. Gospel do not more generally find out 
that such texts are in the bible! 

The text being announced, now "thinks 1 to myself" 
the children will have an opportunity of knowing the 
condition of the millions of their fellow beings in this 
land of "liberty" who are held in ignominious bondage; 
and will be taught that it is their duty to " remember 
those that are in bonds as bound with them". But what 
was my disappointment w hen, instead of this, he began 
to give the history of that old bell, along with a few rev- 
olutionary legends that had been worn "thread-bare" half 
a century ago! and concluded by hoping that the ri- 
sing generation would imbibe the spirit that actuated 
the heroes of Seventy Six. In fact, 1 did not hear the 
: least inlimp.'ion given by any of the speakers upon thar 
oceasion, thai there w as such a thing as a slave in oil 
the United States. Such is a simple statement of facts. 

Comment is needless. 

Yours in haste. 

VIATOR. 

Comment is indeed needless, if it be to show the w>k 
pd : . ncy of these "Rev* Gentlemen". Th ey have 
f > ■: <! to preach the whole gospel, and yet with V 
;.•>:• ;i V liberty throughout all the land, to ah tb 
1 is a i hereof ' before them, they could not re- 
lixtini-.M the :,iave of theii own land even on the fourth 



BOOWTOJV, JULY, 1844. 

of July. Such men are either utterly regardless of the 
wretchedness of the slave or are' afraid of losing their 
stations in a corrupt church; in either case, they are un- 
fit to stafcd as sentinels on the walls of Zion; and yet we 
believe, though with the deepest mortification, that this 
is a fair specimen of nine tenths of the Rev. Gentlemen 
in the State of New Jersey— "0! Tell it not in Gath." i 



We have received the following from a friend of lib- 
erty in New Jersey; containing the pay for four copies 
of the FREEMAN, and if every Abolitionist in the 
State will do the same, we will issue our paper every 
week. Twenty five cents is not a convenient sum to 
send by mail, and if each frend of liberty in the State 
will send on one dollar the difficulty our friend speaks 
of would be obviated, and each one wouldjjave some to 
distribute among Lis neighbors. 

Mr. Editor, I have received the first No. of the "New 
Jersey Freeman" and like both its title and contents. 

Although it is small compared with the hundreds of 
pro-slavery papers that flood the country, still a small 
'•'freeman" is better than a large bondman — an epithet 
equally appropriate to ail those papers devoted to the 
interests of slaveholding candidates. However I have 
one objection to it. Instead of once a month I think it 
ought to be issued weekly, which at the same rate would 
only cost one dollar, a sum easier transmited by maii 
than twenty five cents, and which surely no 'liberty man' 
would scruple to pay. 
As New Jersey is so far behind most of the* free States 
in abolition sentiment and action, it will require some- 
thing more than a monthly periodical to arouse the dor- 
mant energies even of those who profess to be the friends 
of 'equal rights'. However letns not "despise, the day 
of smali things". I hope you Will meet with such en- 
couragement as to induce jou scon to move your print- 
ing estahlishmpnt down to '(M"inefF8p"dns and issue a 
dailv "Freeman." 



FRUITS OF SLAVERY IN CUBA. 

We copy the following from the Emancipator with a 
view of shoving our readers the merciless atrocities, the 
cruelties, the indescribable sufferings, the confusion and 
discord, which necessarily grow out of the slave sys- 
tem. How can any one possessing the soul of a man, 
be silent and inactive while a system is in existence, 
jfrhich is, and always has been, the hot-bed of the most 
merciless ouhages upon humanity. How can an Amer- 
ican be silent, while the scenes in Cuba, can be exhibited 
in our own Country at anytime, produced by the same 
cause — They are only worthy the darkest and most 
barbarous period of the world. 

Atrocities in cub> .—We find in the Philadelphia 
North American a deeply interesting letter, describing 
some of the horrible cruelties porpe'rated by 0' Don 
nell, the governor general of Cuba, and which power- 
fully illustrates the. fruits cf the slave trade, which our 
government will not co-operate to suppress, as well as 
the natural tendency of slavery itself in Cuba, the abo- 
lition of which, the United Spates government has for 
twenty years stood ready to oppose, even to the extent, 
of war. We do trust the attention of the civilized world 
will at length be called to this eas.-, and effectual meas- 
ures be adopted at once, by a concert of nations, to put 
a final period to these atrocities by exterminating the 
cause — slavery in Cuba. The same means of dis- 
covery and of revenge are in use, which are oustomaiiiy 
employed in the United States upon slaves charged wi 
crime — TORTURE. The use of the same engine of 
wrong in the ca: :., of th» Jews at Damascus in 1839, 
'■ailed forth the interposition of most civilized govern- 
ment, ovr own included, with such remonstrances against 
the inhumanity of the "institution" of torture, that the 
pf."ba cf Egypt*^ielded to their persuasions, and pledged 
ujmv If for its immediate ahciiticu. Ti e writer now 
before us, who daus'-H.- « anna, June ftth, 1844," says: 

"Since 1 last wrote you, I have visited Cardenas, now 



NO. 

another ante-chamber of hell. Cruelties at which the 
heart sickens, are daily practised. Hundreds of negrc^ 
have perished under the lash during examination, au 
protesting their innocence to the last. And many, it not 
all of them, as innocent of participation in the plot of an 
insurrection, as the angels in heaven. The place where 
the negroes are w hipped has become very offensive to 
the neighborhood, from the quantity of putrified flesh 
torn by the whip from their backs! A short time since, 
a Florida Indian, a very worthy man, who had long re- 
aided in the island, was arrested on suspicion of being one 
of the insurgents. He was taken to Cardenas, where, 
refusing to criminate himself, he was whipped to eleath! 

On a sugar estate in -hat neighborhood, forty-six ne- 
groes were most cruelly tortured, seven of whom died 
under the operation. On another estate, after attempt^ 
ing in vain to extort confessions of <ju:lt by whipping, 
those fiends, called in Spanish, fiscales, (solicitors) ap- 
plied red hot irons to the bleeding backs of the ne- 
groes." 

Precisely the same measures were pursued at Charles- 
ton in 1822; and not more than three years ago, in the 
case of some negroes w ho were executed at St Louis, 
the means of conviction were procured by the torture! 

But the letter writer thinks there is a call on which 
our government cannot but interfere. — 

American citizens have been crueliy imprisoned and 
punished without cause. He says: 

' "Many white p<?rsins, princ 'pally foreigners, have 
fallen under the displeasure of tho'hateful inquisition. 
Samuel Moffart, of Delaware; William Bisby, of Ver- 
mont, and a Mr Hogan, a native of the United States, 
are among the number. The latter has suffered a long con- 
finement for having in hi.; possession a letter from a 
friend in the United States, advising him to leave the 
island ! The first two named were arrested on testimony 
extorted from a uegro after he had received twelve ban- 

ired 'ashes. 

"On being arrested, ".bey were tied to a gang of ne- 
groes, and in this condition were driven like convicted 
felons, under the scorching rays of a tropical sun, through 
clouds of dust to Cardenas. Mr. M. was confined in the 
stocks, among whipped negroes, loathsome from their 
wounds, twenty days, and in irons ten days. Mr Bisby 
was in the stocks seventeen days, and in irons nine days; 
and would have ended his J&ya in irons, but for the in- 
terposition of a physician, v. no assured the Inquisition 
that he could nor survive tv.entyfoui hours longer, being 
Very ill of a fever. Thereupon, he was taken out of irons, 
and with the medical and other assistance rendered hint, 
he recovered. While at Cardenas, I learned that an early 
representation of these outrages had been made io our 
government, by our consul at that place, Mr. Gage; ami 
it is to be hoped that it v, illnot be passed overunnoticed 

"After a conefinement of seventy days in Cardenas, 
Mozart and Bisby were sent to Matanzas for trial. On 
their arrival, the officers having them in charge, allow- 
ed them to stop at the United States consul's office; 
but the time wa-; so short, the consul, Mr. Rodney,, 
could not obtain from thein a full account of their sufl— 
erir.gs, and called at the prison the next morning, but 
was not allowed to see them. He has, however, as I 
am informed, sent to the governor of the place, a very 
spirited remonstrance against the proceedings of the in- 
quisition, in these and other ceees that have come to his 
knowledge. It is still confidently asserted here, that a 
force is to be sent from the United States, to redress the 
wrongs of our countryman who have suffered unjust im- 
prisonment, on taseless suspicion of having been con- 
cerned in the plot of the insurrection. Until the arri- 
val of this force, little or nothing can be done for their 
relief by oar consuls, who, 1 am proud to say, have 
discharged their duty in the matter." "'-W 

This writer evidently means well, and feels, in view 
of these oatrageous proceedings, as an American shonld. 

But both he and the editors, who publish his letter 
with such expressions of horror at the atrocities disclo- 
edymnstbs very simple indeed, if they imagine any 
thing will be done by our slaveholder government ade- 
quate to the occasion. What is the case? Why, oppr-. s 
sion has driven the negroes to desperation, and an < . 
tensive revolt is the consequence. Immediately, the 
one great dominant principle of all slaveholding comm 
nine*, comes in p'ay — to wit, that every thing in the 
1 world must give way to THE NECESSITIES C 



SLAVERY. It is necessary to make a demonstration 
and to show by actual experiment, that no waste of life, 
n ) refinement of cruelty, no accumulation of suffering, 
wit! be regarded in support of slavery. The morn blood, 
U e more terror, Now what are the rights of a f w 
white, mechanics, in comparison with the display of ter- 
ror required to support slavery? Our government will 
do nothing. Its sympathies are all with O'Donne!). . 

The following statement with regard to poor Moffart, 
' one of the victims, is in character: 

"He came to the island last year in search of em- 
ployment at his trade, that of a carpenter. — He was 
soon engaged to do some work on an estate iuBemba. 

The day after his arrival at the estate, the inwunve. 
tion, of which you have heard, took place. Pmue 
stricken, all the whites except Mr-Moffart fled. He v?ith 
an intrepidity without a parallel, attacked on Horseback 
with a sword, single handed, and kept in check until the 
arrival of the troops, two hundred and fifty negroes, i!e- 
fended by shields and armed with cane -cutters; and" in 
the affray he received twosevere cuts', the marks of which 
he will carry to his grave. If he were a Spaniard, r this 
daring exploit would load him with titles and immortal- 
ize his name. Instead of this, he is now suffering unjust- 
ly in a Spanish prison, the bare mention . of which fills 
me with horror." 

Well poor fellow, it is hard, but he is only a "white 
slave." The writer proceeds: — 

„To 0' Donnell and his tribe, the affair of the insur- 
rection will be very lucrative. Property to the amount 
of $300, 000 belonging to the free blacks andmulattoes 
now under arrest, has been attatched. That all of them 
will he found guilty will be readily percieved by every 
person at all acquainted with the villany and cupidity of 
the Spanish tribunal. Independently of O' Donnel's 
sallary as governor general, his proportion of the plun 
der, added to the gratification of $17 per head for even' 
negro landed by fee slaves, will give him, this year, a 
handsome fortune." 

We wish our predictions may prove fallacious, and 
that for once, in a case involving the rights of white free 
laborers on one hand, against the blind and brutal venge- 
ance of slaveholders on the other, our government may- 
act like a government; but so deep are our impressions, 
that nothing short of seeing the deeds done will lead us 
to expect any suitable action in the case. 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOONTON, JULY 2.\ 1S44. 



Let us throw offthe mask — 'tis a cobweb one at best, 
and the world will see through it. It will not do thus to 
talk like philosophers, and act like fairclcntivg tyrants; 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our te\-t, 
and actual oppression for our commentary. 

Wm. J'inc.kney, of Maryland. 



In all things that have beauty, 
more comely than LIBERTY 



there is nothing to man 

Millon. 



LIBERTY ELECTORAL TICKET FOR 
^ . NEWjpRSEY, 
DariftsW(}is, Ja nes Howe, Thomas V. Johnson, Alex- 
ander II. Freeman, Stephen prunes, Alexander Black 
Sampriel Hall. 



THE NEW CONSTITUTION 

In the middle of the nineteenth Century, we would 
expect a convention of enlightened freemen in New 
Jersey, to produce a Constitution worthy of freemen; 
yet the fruits of the late convention, are enough to make 
any liberal soul blush, & 'his Constitution was adopted 
in convention with but one nay. It is mortifying in- 
deed to think, that 58 Jerseymen can spend six weeks 
in convention, and then produce' an instrument so far 
behind the age: and it is still more mortifying to find 
the perfect apathy with which it is received by the peo- 
ple of the State, for as far as we know not a single New 
Jersey Editor has spoken out against it. 

It prohibits any move for amendment oftener than 
once in five years, and has a great many other very ob- 
jectionable things about it: bi.t the most objectionable 
item* is.the 'disfranchisement of the people of color. 

It begins by saying. '-All men are by nature free and 
independent," carefully leaving out the word "equal," 
and then declares tfont ' every white male citizen" only 
shall be allowed to vote. We do not know that a sin- 
gle objection was made in the convention to this arti- 
cle, we are certain that not one oote was given agai nst 
it on its final adoption, for the oae nay above mention- 
ed was given for other reasons. 

The peop'e of color have been unconst ilulwnally de- 
denrived of their votes; for the old constitution did not 
disfranchise them. They were disfianchised by an act 
of the Legislature only, but if five constitution be 
adopted bv the people of this Stale, they will be cut off 
with no remedy, but another revision of the Constitution 
which according to this document cannot be brought be- 
fore the people ©fte ier then once in five years. 

It will be seen b y a notice in another colum that the 
Boontonians intend to look into the merrits of this doc- 
ument before the Election, will it be done iu other parts 
of Ihe State >. 



PUBLIC DISCUSSION. 

There will bo a public meeting in the Free Church 
in Boonton on Friday ; v mug August 2d, for me pur- 
pose of discussing the merits of the NEW CONSTI- 
TUTION which is to be presented to the people of 
New Jersey on the 2d, Tuesday in A"gust. tor adop- 
tion. 

All parties are invited to attend and participate in 
the discussion 



ANTI SLAVERY MEETINGS. 

In this boasted land of liberty we would suppose that 
there would be no difficulty in obtaining a suitable house 
in any village to hold anti-slavery meetings in. Bnt 
just the reverse is the case. There is not perhaps one 
in ten of the Towns and Villages in New Jersey, in 
which even a school house can be had for this pnrpose; 
when the best houses should be cheerfully trhowij open 
for the promotion of a cause, for which our ancestors 
were ready to "sacrifice their lives, their fortunes, and 
their sacred honor." 

Why is this? is a question that deserves serious inves- 
tigation Is it because the doctrines we advocate are not 
believed to be founded on truth? then why should any 
be afraid to have discussion on these points, for if they 
are not based upon truth, investigation would show their 
fallacy and there would be the end. This is evidently 
not the reason. The true reason in out view is entirely 
the reverse. Our Anti Slavery views are based upon the 
principles of everlasting truth; such as are laid down in 
language not to be misunderstood in the Bible, and in- 
corporated into the Declaration of American Independ- 
ence; such as wise and good men, in all ages of the \\ orld 
have recognised as truths that ought to govern men in 
all their actions. This we believe to be the true reason 
why the advocates of liberty cannot be heard, viz that 
their doctrines stand fixed, immutably fixed, from their 
very natures, upon the rock of truth. 

When truth is advocated, firmly, faithfully and with 
zeal; error is always in danger; corrupt systems totter 
to their foundations, consternation is into the camp of all 
those parties, whether in Church or State, that are 
not bound together by the genuine love of Justice. 

When we assail any popular systems we are compell- 
ed to contend with all the powers that be: almost every 
Dignitary in Church or Suite will be sure to plant him- 
self in the way. 

This is emphatically true in reference to the slave 
question. The unwillingness of the clergy to have 
churches opened for Anti Slavery discussions, has its 
true origin in the conscious belief that their churches 
are too corrupt to bear the light, which wonld be poured 
upon them by the preaching of Aim fflavery truths. 

The true reason why churches can be divided, by 
such preaching, is, that they have lost the spirit of 



where the truth isand so almost every church door in 

tha State is closed gainst us. 

The same may b said with regard to the two great 

political parties, the Yhigs and Democrats. The whigs 
tell us, they are the oily true friends of the slave, but 

make application in any village or town where whig in- 
fluence preponderates, for a house to hold an anti sla- 
very meeting in and we are told "you cannot hold such 

meetings here, because 'he doctrines you advocate are 
injuring the prospects of Henry Clay. 

"If j ou will go with the whigs md electfljfrat great 
slaveholder and slaveholdiag defender Henry Clay (Pres- 
ident, you could have the best place to hold your meet- 
ings in, with all other accommodations necessary, but 
as it is you can have no Hustings here." This is no 
misrepresentation, we have ihe best evidence on hand 
to prove its correctness. 

The Democrats as a body, are alive to everything 
chat will further loco foco inteiests, will give the friends 
of the slave not the least corner of the country to hold 
Anti Slavery meetings in, unless they can see that, in 
some way it will favor the entrance of another great 
slave holder in the Presidential chair. 

In short there is an unspeakable meanness on the part 
of the leaders in their parties, and among the dignitaries 
of the church, with very few exceptions indeed, a mean- 
ness that deserves the unqualified contempt of everv 
liberal souled man — while boasting of their democracy, 
they are striking down free discussion and show thai 
their democracy consists in gaging- every one that dares 
• to express an opinion of his own, when that opinion 
i does not coincide with their own contracted and illib- 
eral views. We call, and shall continue to call, upon 
all true republicans toseperate themselves forever from 
parties of this description, if they cannot exercise com 
mon courtesy towards those who differ with them, only 
upon condition that they must enter the ir service, and 
labour to promote their views, they show that while 
they are boasting of their love of liberty, they are liv- 
ing down the great principles of Republicanism and are 
deserving of our supreme contemnt. ^• 

We have delayed the publication of the present No. 
of the Freeman 1 ; in order to get answers to written ap- 
plications we have made in several places for a house to 
hold our semi-annual meeting in, and we have received 
negative answers in all these cases, and that too for the* 
reasons specified above. We have now published the 
meeting te be held at Madison, and never fell the duty 
to oppose and expose, the corruptions and*ypoe raiy of 

the great political parties of the land more than at the 

present time. 

Right of Suffrage Denied'.— We think the curse 

of the New Jersey Const tutmnal Convention, in nois- 
ing to extend the right of suffr age to colored persons 
-siy educated colored men, if yon please- will, at this 
day. create som - surprise among the friends of sound 
Republican lustotitious. N.Y.Sun. 



"NO FAITH WITH HERETICS" I 
Our Agent obtained die consent of the till 
hold a meeting ilPthe Melh odist Church at Ml 
in this County, on the 5,th inst, and when the t 
rived, the key was abducted, aud the meeting! 
church prevented. However a private house wd, 
ened and a good meeting held. Ths friends 01 
there will not submit <o this state of things much! 



MOBOCRACY ' 
Our Agent attempted to hold a meeting in th 
house at Flanders in this county a short time si 
cording to previous appointment, by the request 
citizens. When the time arrived a great numbe 
baser sort collected around and by throwing stoi 
eggs not as much adhd as their bead-, firing gu 
looing, shouting, &c disturbed the meeting. Pi 
they w.>«> not so much to blame as the reitjxr.'cbl 
woi leers in the back ground. 

Th" friends of liberty in Manders have a hea\ 
sponsil.ility resting on them, and we h< pe they fee' 

WARREN COUNTY COMING::: 



sucn preaching, is, mai mey nave iosi me spun uium WAKKEN COUNTY COMING^ 
Christianity; hence, are not worthy of, and ought not to qq lc friends in this County are preparing to 
have our support. Anti Slavery discussions are unpop- Mass A nti-SJaverv Meeting, on ha^Oih 0) \ i :•_ 
u Jar and ministers must be on the popular side, no matter | Alliimuchv*. A glorious rnllv 1 th»it> 



*or 



New Seise 



God alone is Lord of the conscience', 
and its dictates are wholly without authority, only as 
they are identical with the requirements of God's law 
If a man "for conscience sake" wilhiot vote for the ab- 
olition of slavery, he must honestly believe the la\v of 
God prohibits ids voting, or he has put a yoke upon 
himself which ought never to be born- It is superstition 



r j <"-v unauu' h,/ a oi (.,0(1 or man. 
suppose it were ever so corrupt, is this a good reason 
wmy a chnstmn or a philanthropist .should not vote for 
the release of the slaved think not. Suppose a compa- 
ny oihighwaymen had assumed civil jurisdiction over a 
given territory, and by superior force were holding it, 
and you have no power whatever to overthrow their go v ' 
Jrnn|^t^ They extend the privilege oMoting to a class 
of !he. community in which you are included. They hold 



(Maimer giving; countc- 



<o be governed by a conscience which commands uc to in ,.-.,.,1 i i, ,. 

., . , . ,, ~ l,J LU ' n cr, -u i and hornblc -bondage vour n'fn brntlmr tu„ 

perform tilings not requ red by the law of love Tbccn ' ■• ; . '"»«u a c vour o,m Diotnei. the 

Petition of the Hindoo who" ^Itiou ^^" ^1 T 7, " " ^ ^ ° f 

his life under the wheels of We^m ifi " 1 1 ' , T U ° ™ to ™ te ' wh * ther >™ ^ll 



his life under the wheels of Juggernaut is perfectly man 
ifest; but the principle is the same, though the supersti 
tion may be less gross, whether the conscience demand \l 
one thing or another, a trivial or a momentous thing, 
which the law of God does not require. The conscience 
ot'every man is to be deeply respected; and certainly it 
is no disrespect, rigidly to compare its demands with 
those of God's law. How can we show more due respect 
to the conscience than to acquaint it with the require- 
ments of the divine law? 1 

No man then justly can array his "conscientiovs 
views" against voting as a bar to the investigation of the 



shall be. n-iot-s.-d or continued in bondage, would you 
id would not the act of voting in this case he- 
one? What .would be your intention in vo- 
ting, for in this would lie the character of the act? You 
would intend the well-being of your brother, and the in- 
jury of no one. ThtfJ^tention surely could not be wrong. 
You could not, by voting in this case, be understood as 
upholding the robber government, or in any way coun- 
tenancing it. 

The case is parallel. You may regard' our government 
aacpmipt, asj-unauthd ' 
ersco '.i;- : given voi ' 



question, "What does the law of benevolence require in L ^ZI ^ 

respect to voting for the aboliton of slavery?" S^f S -pt. e you may, nay yc 

Are we vermi^l hv tu;« w , „ ° U * ht 10 " Se lt God and Will justify you. Whi 



Are we required by this law to vote against slavery? 
To those who deny the validity of civil government al- 
together, & hence infer the wickedness of all voluntary 
participation in it, I have a few words to say. 

God certainly did institute civil government over the 
Jewish nation. Dent. 16:18. "Judges and officers shalt 
thou make thee in all thy gates,] which the' Lord thv 
God giveth thee, throughout thj tribes: and thev snail 
judge the people with jyst judgn eut". Other passages 
might be refer, d to. This was e 
its necessity. li'his direct gover 
Vere sufficient why did he requi 
civil rulers and judges? All williidrait that God must 
have been, benevolent in giving thi institution to the Jews . 
And since the necessities of all halions for civil «-ovei-n- 
<ment are equally imperati ve witl those of the Jews; and 
since God is universally bene-; olent, does not his in - 
stituting government in one. nation, in principle amoum 



uivahmt to admittm; 
unent over his peopk 



' On this principle Paul 
PJ omises to individuals 



ion of all men a princi- 
Men as naturally and 
they breathe,. and with 



K rong among men in ii 
my more than they? H 
example, if this is .th 



to his authorising it in all nation 
represents God, when giving hid 

of eld, as speaking to all whosh uld believe in every age 
and as making to them the sa.m. -pi omises. See HcLlty 
Again.'If God regards all go^ ?rnment as assumption 
| why has he put into the constit 
pie which neessarly assumes i 
universally form governments 
no more conscienc qi its being 

Again. If civil government be 
self, why should God institute it 
has certainly set the worlda ba 

case. Does he not intend his co duct shall be -a safe ex 
ample % his creatures to follow ' Why has he command 
ed all his people to subject thei 
'Why does he say that the pow 
ordained of God" if they are n 
thor of sinful institutions? 

Do any say, "government ha 
we can have nothing to do witi 
rupt than was the Roman, wl 

riflhded to honor and obey, tha |Jf y might "put to si- 
lence the ignorance of foolish n in." The abuse of an in- 
stitution does not nullify it. Th marriage and other in- 
stitutions are often abused, In this does not destroy 
them. If government has corriq ed itself, there would 
seem to be the more reason foAhe interference of good 
men to prevent its spreading si 
rows fire-brands and death". 

Do any say that government is ordained in the like 
^y with physical evils, suel 
quakes, and therefore, that we 
with the one than with the otl 

be consistent, and "honor" ibise eviis, must "submit 
- Ives" to ilhni, affd "nol resist" them. 
But suppose civil governmcit were a sheer and wick 



' a:? you pieasf^yetifaninfltt- 
•h yoy can wield for the de- 

. „ ou 

will justify you. White 
you protest against the evils and assumptions of the gov- 
ernment as you think you onght, who can construe your 
>- ;.<e to have the iniquitous slave la.ws^d prisons aboi- 
isned, into an evidence that you approve the «overn- 
ui^it? Paul took the* liberty' to escapfloln the gover- 
nor o$ Damascus wfco wished to apprehend him unjust- 
ly; and wh,t. is the difference in principle, whether he 
eJcapes by the votes, of hi.fbrethren orbrffeir "letting 
torn down by the waMhrough a windowWa basket i " 
j.The same principle which' justifies the slave in Tnak- 
>ttgh,s escape from slavery, will ju^f, the voter in vo- 
!,S r;i' U ::.°: ^ right to eecape we 

ime a right to assist him in his flight. The «ta tram- 
ples upon Wo man's real right in appropriating ids pow- 
ers to his own use, nor do we -meddle with the riahts 
oFthe South" when we vote -for the freedom of the 
slave. The slaveholder has' no right to the slavi. To say- 
that he has is to. "put darkness for light"- and expose 
ourselves to the "woe" of God. His claim is an unqual- 
ified assumption. The application of the law of love to 
voting the slave out of the legal meshes into which he 
has fallen and in which he suffer? more than if he had 
"fallen among thieves", is as much more forcible than 
its application to "pulling an animal out of a pit", as a 
man's happiness and wdl-being art- more important than 
those of a brute. 

I 

tim't ki irt .tJlBiL-*.*. * i k Glarkson 



Distu'ct of Columbia, oi in 
narce to tlic project. 

Did not Henry Clay dVvalj he could for the ex'on- 
sion of slavery in the western territories of the Unnod 
I States? 

j 3, '-Whether be (James K. Polk.) wan not. in 1=41 & 
1843, detested, vfka a eaudidate for Governor of 
[ 1 ennessee?"' 

j Quere? How many times has Henry Clay been defea- 
ted? 

4, • Whether he, (James K. P(dk.) was not in 1840 
presented as a nuisance, by a grand jury of his own 

Quere? Is not Henry Clay now under $5,0'. 0 bonds 
to keep the peace. 

They are neither of them fit to preside over a nation 
of Freemen. 

They who live in Glass Houses should'nt throw stones 
Let all who believe that the "laborer is worthy of his 
hire;" are willing to sustain the Declaration of Inde 
pendente, and go for Right and Truth, and Liberty, 
good morals, the peace and welfare of the nation, its 
present and future prosperity, abandon both Polk and 
Clay, and go for 

JAMES G. BIRNEY, stf" 
who believes in "payiu fair wages tor .'an- days work." 

We shall in our next give a brief .history .of of the 
Liberty candidate for the Presidency and show that he 
is the ouly man nominated. who u worthy the t^port 
of free poeple. 



There are always to be found in every commu- 
nity a set of self-styled philanthropists, who,' instead of 
laboring for the advancement of humanity, are always 
satisfied with standing at a distance and finding fault with 
others. If the subject of slavery is brought up for dis- 
cussion, they will give a somewhat doubtful manifesta- 
tion ol disapprobaton for it in the "abstract", but will 
finally come to the conclusion that sla very in the aggre- 
gate is no very bad thing after all; or at least that it is 
not necessary to labor for its removal. If the commuui- 
ly seems to require them to act, they will admit slavery 
to be a great evil perhaps and then endeavor to make 
out abolition a much greater evil, and are sure to take 
shelter under the faults of abolitionists, thus endeavor- 
ing to satisfy their consciences in standiug aloof 

If a vicious loafer goes to a Washington Temperance 
meeting and makes a little confusion, or if a few wick- 



Lgpr rcOTrl SIDES BE HEARD. 



ed boys get around the door and make a loud disturb- 
ance'; their souls are filled with holy horror at. Washing- 
toman meetings, and think it is better even to go against 
temperance, than countenance such meetings Instead of 
going to the meetings, giving iheir influence on the side 
ot good order, and helping on the cause of truth- thev 
stand-aside, find fault, though ignorant of what Jg done 
there, aud m this way sanction.the course of the disturb- 
ers ot these meetings and give them the whole weight 
of their influence. We are satisfied that in many cases 
the disturbers ot these meetings, recieve their °rea^s( 
encouragement from this species of cavilers. 



selves to its authoritv? 
rs of government "are 
; loral evil? Is he the au- 

so corrnpted itself th; 



Some of the whig em'tors have propounded^ number ! ' ^ hese ) fauU - findCTK have been very busy for a%w 
"questions for iho S<w.. A „ J... J ' ' 1 ^ eeks enueavoring to bring into ridicule, the Juvenile 



of "questions for the SoOos to answer.'' 

We s-fec.t a few from aqiong diem for consideration. 

1, ' Whether Ja 1T1L . s K, Polk i s tl at the owner of a 
great number of slaves whom he hires out thro' tb- 
State Ol 1 ennessee, thus rocket ing all the earning of 
poor mt . tl , except what suffices for their bare and raise- 
rabie mamtaiuauce?" 

Quere? Flow many skives does Henrv.Clay own, all 

A, L : " 0t mOTe C ° r - oi « h - .« beings HE is pocketing?' * U it any wise 
'h I hristians were com- ,«• , !- • , . 6 y J1- e 

to wnk men without wages in T.-nncssoe, than in Ken- 
tucky? "Has he paid bis washer- Woman 

2, "Whether he, (James. K. Polk,) did not vole a- 
gmnst n resolution for the. effectual abolltio-P-.f the Af- 
rican Slave Trader ■ ■ ", /' J 

QijereV Did not Henry Clay oppose a co:,,ention in 
h-*own State, the object of which was to i oomote e- 
mancipation? and was it not through his influence that 
this conventiorngKas defeated, 

D,<i W Hffiry Clay say in his speech irr I s?0, "he 
wot Id caTRinuc to Oppose any scheme of cmancij.-alion 
gra ual or imrnepiate?" and what .but slavery supports 



as diseases and earlh- 
lave notliing more toab 



r? .Such persons mnst 



would suffer 



the African Slave Trade} 

Did not Henry Clay, say in*1841*T 
the tortures of ihe iaqmsition, 'before ( w> u ;d- si gn a 
bill having for its object the abolition of slavery in the 



Temperance effort, as carried oil in this county by the 
Rev. C. J. Warren. They stand at a distance, whi- 
mng over itas^ effort," as if thev were certain 
that these "babies" were never to be the men and wo- 
men of the land. We. have no sympathy with these 
spirits, we care not whether they 'are Rev. D D's or 
any thing you choose to call them; however hio-h sound- 
ing their titles, or whatever their standing is in societv 
lf their influence is not in all cases directly, it U indirect, 
ly, brought to bear against the advancement of truth- 
and the world is the worse for them. 

This "croaking:" we are informed was very much put 
to rest, .at the Juvenile Convention on the Joat Madison 
m this County. There were about ei-ht hundred chil- 
dren present, a County Juvenile Band was organized the 
children were in high Temperance Glee, and the Lea' 
they manifested, kindled up the temperance fire anew 
m the hearts ot the adults present. This will alwavsb/ 
the case. When child en get on fire in any good cause, 
it the hearts of men and women do not get on fire alsok. 
it will be because ifry hnce no hearts. Success, we say 
to the Juvenile Band . In this time of apparent tempe- 
rance declension, we haj] the Juvenile Banner, as one 
under which every true friend of temperanc, can andwiU 
enlist in some form, and give the temperance cause v 
new and powerful impulse. 

" Mr. Warren got 5,300 children enlisted, who havt 
procured 500 new adult pledges in this County. 
"See thq Juvenile Band is coming. 



POETRY. 

AWAKE THE SONG. 

A LIBERTY GLEE 

Tune—Drir.k to me only. 
Awake the song! 'tie Fredom' ■ hour; 

To Libert} we s'lirj — ^ 
Destruction dire to slavery's power; 

Let the full chorus ring. 

Land of the river and the rock," 

No bondman pines in thee; 
Jfo despot doth thy people mock 

Wiih his vile tyranny. 

Strong as the gnarled oak, thv sons 

Will bend to none hut God! 
Within their veins stili purly runs 

The daring pilgrim's blood. 

To a«»ger slow, tbey have borne 'mng 
Their southern brethren's -corn ;- 

They're rising now— the s'ave's great wrong 
Deep in their bosoms burn. 

He must be free! — the sound has sped 

From Maiue to Texas' bound — 
And w hat New England's sons have said, 

Will ever truth be found. 
Awake the soug! — 'tis Freedom's hour; — 

To Liberty we sing — 
Destruct on dire toslavcry'-s power," 

Let the full chorus riofi. 

Bavgor Gazette. 

FOR THE FREEMAN. 

Come answer freeman, to the call, 

Come forth each Jersey B'.ue ; 
Rekindle freedoms' beacon light, 

Her altar fires ienew. 

Come rally qtiicUy one and all. 

Our Country's honor to retrieve: 
And s-rike for liberty and right, 

And scorn to be or make a slave 

Redeem New Jersey's name from scorn, 

America's bold truth declare, 
Be free in fad as wt.ll as no me, 

The foul reproach no longer wear, 

Let Pat; iot unto Patriot shout. 

Aud echo bear the s<>und away; 
O'er mountain, rill, o'er plain and vale, 

From Bergen to Cape May. 

L. 

Lil'Mon, Jaly 1844. • 

If the following lines need any apology, we state 
#h"y were handed t, ,;s by a tenant of the Poor house, 
who writes from experience and is able IB his own life, 
<o contrast the healthful influence of ris<*«e's beverage, 
Uvith the poisonous eiiets of ihtoxicatisg brinks. 
Cold water O how sweet. 

Cold water, cold water, co'd water, we sing, 

How delightful its rich joys abound; 
Com* down to the Spring colu water we sing, 
Let the grov*-s wiih echoes resound. 

€cme Sire a ,d Son, cheer up with a song, 

The Mother and Daughter rejoice; 
With pleasure and spruise, in happiness raise, 
Lfa.- .,. And tune up your hearts end ;,oui voice. 

For ■virtue ai d praise, are temperance ways, 
■. J With glory and 'love in the he^rt; 

With bliss ? nJ content, the pure mind is bent, 
And from it 0 never, no never, deport. 

Then ttjve and keep it, the.pledg so divinee, 
A light and n lamp tliat ever wil! sh*n.:; 

So cb&et up and sing, the co'd wat r .-.priug, 
To nourish and cherish, thee at;d a l tmue. 



CELEBRATION AT BOONTON. 
The Wushiugtonians had an excellent cde' ranono;. 
theFo«*A*t Boouton-WMi the exception of ne 
firii.* of crackers and other low vulgarity of the 
satellites of he dramshops at a little disUM* we have 
not witnessed any, meeiing in some t-me that gave 
sueh cheering evidence of the glorious i iflufc* >« the 
Temperanfe Reformation upon nil classes 01 people— 
The Juvenile Band recently orgahiz d oy Mr. War- 
ren .assembeled in the Free Church in the morning, 
formed a procession and with Banned dying, marched 
to a orove—Prayerwaic offered by the Rev. Win. LFar 
9 ons, B and after singing and speaking hf fee 1 members of 
the Band and a short address by Air. W tee, the meeting- 
adjourned for dinner. 

At S oclock-P. M. the citizens; Men, Wov.en and 
Children assembled in great jumbors in the grove; 
after prayer by Rev. Wm L. Pa-sons, a,d singing by 
the Cheir, thecongregali-m Ken d *ith gr«at interest 
for two hours to an addrese from Mr.ThW Weed of 
Brooklyn— Mr. Weed truly did honor to himself, and 
contributed much to advance the onus, of Tern^rance. 

Ia the evening the Concert was weh a tended in the 
Free Church, the Music was conducted by Messers 
Elliott, Stone, and Martin, and other members ot the 
Free Church Ct.oir males and females, and s»cn was 
the general satisfaction given that fhey nee.! not fear 
to try it again. They certainly gave the best concert 
we ever had in Boomon. 



TOBACCO AND DEATH. 
It is estimated that of 2u0 deaths in G- rmany, b 
tween the ages of 18 and 35, ten are caused .meetly or 
'indirect by the u* oftobiQCo. in toe United States, 
from the oest calculations, the value of this weed an. 
Ely consumed is, S 16,0o0.0 .0 ; $9.(i0 ,000 of 
which is expended for Span is i oi 3 ars. People have no 
r io-bt to cry out hard times, when they waste s»erv ; ea 
som| sixteen millions of dollars in spitting and ftmo- 
kiug themselves a way^ 



I with weeds, ttv oime neatly trimmed vine was haug- 
' nig i.i its wild iuxur.ance, uutrimmed and uneared for, 
; i.nd the windows gave, the sa l evidence of the drunkards 

1 home, its broKen panes. 

Who, but a drunkards family can estimat - the blight- 
ing, withering, h*.rt c. u ihir.g influence of him who has 
d- based the mtellect which God has given hi m, M in- 
red all the finer emotions of the heart, abused the power 
given him to protecr «l i0S c weaUerand fraler than him. 
self, and repaying affectionate endearments with curses 
and reproaches. 

This unhappy family knew it well-the wife once 
cheerful and happy, »as now the victim ^unrelenting 
d.sease-Her increasing efforts to ma.nta.n her f,.m.!y 
in respectability and comfort had mm nuned a consti- 
tution uaturallv delicate, and she well knew that dre 
many days should pass, her eyes woulu be sealed m 
that sleep which knows no waken "ng-Il was with a 
ad heart that she looked upon he. chflMivu, poor des- 
olate beings thev would be, w,en their only prelector 
was cone. But HE, whom she had frosted Id her day 
of happiness and prosperity; forgot her not in her dark 
hour of advers;ty, but enabled her to yield them up to 
him who is ihe father of the fatherless". 

Days passed on. The kindness of friends prov.ded 
those little delicacies, which are so acceptable to the 
invalid, particular) when administe-ed by the Ba*d ol 
kindness and sympathy; andhcrw.rn spirit .passed a- 
way in the arms of strangers. When her remain, 
were carried; to their last resti .g plan-, he, who at t,c 
alter ha.i^owed to love and cherish lw, waging. in 
astate of utter inebriation. But a brighter day was 
downing for him. Temperance was spreading bergen- 



h War honorable and glori^- What is <he eh.ef 
business of war? It is to destroy h. man life; to mang^ 
the limbs; to gash and hew the body; to plunge the 
sword into .he heart of a Mlowceature; to strew the 
earth with bleeding frames, and to trample them under 
foet with horses' hoofs. l» is to batter down and burn 
cities ; to turn fruitful fields into deserts ; to level the 
cottage W the p'easW and the ma|6i5ceat abede of 
opulence ; to scourge nation With famine, to muhiply 
Sdwsand orrhans \re thetfe booorable deeds ? Were 
we called to name exploits worthy oi demons, ^ a «o 
not naturally seledt such as these ? We h.ve tho ,gh. 
that h was honorable to heal, to , a v. to mitigate t .am, 
to snatch the sick and sinkir.g fro,, thwawa of death. 
We hav placed among *l,e benefactors of the human race, 
thediscoverers ofai.s Which ajfc. iate euinan suffering, 
which prolong, com&rt, adorn, and cheeiiiumaii hfe : 
andiftheseartsbehm, urab!e, ,-,reis the glory ol 

multiplying and aggravating torW es and dea'h- 



ial indlence over the length and breadth et the land; 
wise aud good men were -.uK vmdicatmg its truths; 
they told the poor degraded dru.karJ that he was not 
a worthless weed, idly to be cast away; but that he was 
capable of being helovd and respected bv his lehow 
men. He listened aV.u believed, signed the pledge, and 
became a man. 

Tins is no fiction, it is truth-the subject is now a 
living evidence of ine power and influence of ihis «reat 
reform -lion, and blesses the day that freed him Irom 
his bondage, anrt saved h:m troui a drunkard s grave. 



NOTICE. 



The SEMI-ANNUAL MEETING of the New Je r 
SPV Auti Slaverv S-cjety will be held at MADISON 
i„ Morris County oa Thursday 22d, of August next at 
10 ocloek, A. M- Meeftifis in ihe afternoon and eve- 
ning. Madison is conveniently situated on the Morris 
& Essex Rail Road, and from the known h ,sprtaHty of 
the Friends of liberty there, we f, ; el justified m promi- 
sing all wh > attend he meeting irom a distance, ent< r- 
tainment without erst. 

Let the friends of liberty every where take the best 
midmost effectual measures to get this notice befo.e 
,; K people— I^t us tiave a full meet>»g. 

By ordor of the Exccn ive Comitfee. 

James L. Or*. nes, Secretary. 



. Slavery is the infringement of all laws A «»w hnv- 
.ing a t*n«,r.-y t preserve slavery, ; wooh b. tht .gros 
sest siicarllege— Jul** • 



THE DRUNKARD'S WIFE. 
For the Freeman. 
How trifling is the sum of human Jap.pjn?« H 
varied and diversifi.' our condition. Some enjoy hea- 
ven's brightest gifts, blest with health, s^roum.eo b> 
dear and chosen fneuds; o:her- linger out a weary , x.s- 
l nee, unheard b, the vmce ot kindness, dnnkieg iht 
Lit er draaeht of poverty, racked with pain, or a prey 
t : ,hatt!ftsi,k malady which bafnesthe Phys, .an I 

Sk I l wa« forcibly impressed with this fact last -ummer. 

1 L vi iting boo.0 friends in one of the lovely 

of Ne, Jersey, tuey s.eu,d K enjoy h V «J 
n'.hecomfoitsofadeligh.ful home, an^he c,.,uh 
vinpathy of true hearted uffecticn Sickness, poveny 

aB d caro alike Strangers, ar.4 life — one -ong summer, 

dil Buta.3hort distant from this happy f'fy was 
ulow cement, giving evidence by Us ^P«jg 
and lorlorn a r earenee, th.t o^laltou and r.eglect had 
Lln ^ess o, Th,oncetasuful;ard was overrun 



The folowing ndividuals will help on the 
cause of liberty by acting as agents for this 

Jacob L. Bro herton. 
John Lee, West Bloomheld, 
C. Peloubet Bloomfield, 
Richard Kelal, Orange, 
Wm. F Oarcner, Newark, 
Wright 1'Kivdl, Paterson, 
James Howe, Jersey City, 
Joseph J. tfLtsgerald, West Milford, 
Stephen (Jiines, Stanhopet 
Ephraixn Gui. d, Succ#unna, 
Peter Elite, CrosswioKS, 
Baxtr Sayre, Madison. 
Aw dher fri»nd of liberty, vill confer 
a favor and aid >n the c»i.se of Freedom, 
by helping in tht circulation ot this [ ^per. 



i 





PREEM4I 



VOL. I, 



T H 



FREEMAN 



WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES. 
Soonlon, Morris County, Neva .Jertey. 

TERMS. 

Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for lli numbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary saejifice, and we cannot afford 
to pay postage. 

WHO IS JAMES G. BiRNEY? 

This question is so often asked, that we now proceed 
to give a brief sketch of his life, believing thai u is im- 
portant tnat the inhabitants of ihis.. nation should know 
the man in order that they may appreciate, his worth 
in reference to his qualifications lor the efface of Presi- 
dent of these United States. 

We are sick, and believe the honestly disposed portion 
of the community are sick, of the political strife oi cor- 
rupt pames in favor of elevating slaveholders and thi I) 
apologists to the highest offices in the gift ot the nation; 
particularly when we get before our eyes the whipping 
and driving, the bribery, deception snd falsehood, the 
hard cider and rum drinking and treating, and in short, 
the every-sort-of-meihod used by the coons and polka, 
. to get voles and elevate to the highest posts ot honor & 
power, men that Americans sfccotrld blush to own, as the 
honoured representatives of a nation of freemen; we re- 
joice in having it in our power to assist in introducing 10 
the notice of Jerseymen, a man every way worthy of 
the votes of a free people for the Presidential Chair. 

JAMES G. B1RISEY is a, native of Kentucky, and 
was born Feb. 4, 1792, being 51 y< ars ol age. Hie 
Eather v as a wealthy planter and holder of a large 
number of slaves. The Son was euueated at Princeton, 
6iudied law in Philadelphia, and then returned to. his 
native State and engaged in the practice oi law; was 
once a member of the Kentucky l egislature. 

In Ma he removed to Huntsville Alabama, resumed 
the practice of his profession, held for several years the 
office of Solicitor general, was elected by the Legisla- 
ture one of the Trustees of the fc iaie University, w as a 
member of .the Legislature and candidaie for presiden- 
tial elector. 

In 1826 he made a profesmem of religion, and his 
mind was soon after directed to the subject of slavery. 

He embraced the colonization scheme in the hope that, 
that society was adequate to the work ol eventually a- 
bolishing slavery, & such was, his zt al in the. cause, he 
gave up the business of his profession, and engaged a< 
an agent and traveled as 6uch for some lime, was cho- 
sen one of the vice-presidents oi the Kentucky Coloni- 
zation society,. having returned to thai State. 

Experience soon taught him the fallacy of the scheme 
of colonization. as a remedy for slavery, and in order to 
show his future character and course, we copy as fol- 
lows from the Emancipates We will only add, that 
Mr. Birney s.chaiacter, intellect .filly and mo, ally, is 
recognized as of the first order by slaveholders thVm- 
. selves, while-he is acknow ledged on all sides as a gen- 
tle man and a christian. 

We now come to the commencement of his new career, 
which has made bin in the sight of ihis nation and of 
the world, .the foremost practical laborei in the cause 
of immediate emancipation. Early in the summer of 
1834. his mind became tvJij settled on the great* truths 
of the sinfulness of sjavery, and the duty, of immediate 
emancipation. He forthwith emancipated all his. own 
slaves., and on the Ifkh ol July adthesscd a long lever 
to the Rev. Thornton J. Mills, .secretary of the Ken- 



BOOIVTOJY, AUGUST, 1844. 

tucky Colonization society, jjesigr>in£ h;s onVe-ki that 
society, and giving the reasons of his new position.^ 

Th's letter had a very wide circulation, ar.d produce,! 
a powerfuljmpressior.. The HuntsvilSe (Ala.) Advocate. 
August 14, said of it: " Mr. Birney was lor a longtime 
a citizen of our town> and his talents, his Attainments as 
• scholar, his happy ^ud fluent pen, his pure and unex- 
cvptionaLle morals, djad won a high degree of respect and 
esteenu-trom all classes of society." Mr. Garrison, in the 
Liberator, spoke of it as " ojic of the most important doc- 
uments that the artislavery cause has yet produced in 
ibis country; it contains nothing superfluous, nothing 
tame; as a composition it is chaste, vigorous, and ele 
qUCRt; ijs logic is dear, compact, invincible." From the 
eloquent conclusion we copy a sentence admirably ex- 
pressing the two great clauses of considerations by which 
he was .moved : 

"When, I recarto my own observation, through a life 
of more than forty years, of the anti-republican tenden- 
cies of slavery, and take up our most solemn sial« paper, 
and there see that 'all men are created equal, and have 
a right that is inalienable, to life, liberty, and the pursuit 
of happiness, 1 feel a settled conviction of mind that 
slavery , as it exists among us, is opposed to the very 
essence of our governmei t and thai by prolonging it we 
are living down me foundation principle of our happy 
institutions. When I take up the boek of God's love, 
and there read, 'Whatsoever ye would that men should 
do unto you, do ye even so to them,' my conviction is not 
less thorough that slavery, now is sinful in his sight." 

The Rev. Dr Cox. of JN'ew York, said of the transac- 
tion: "A Limey has shaken the conli^it by putting 
dow n his foot; and Hjs fame will be envied before his 
arguments are answ ered i>r their force forgotten!" The 
Rev. Thomas Lrainerd, how of Philadelphia, then of 
[Cincinnati, said, "Mr. Biney is a man of superior tal- 
ents and education, and enjoys, to an unuajal extent, 
die confidence and affections of his fellow-crrizcnjf; his 
piety we have never heard questioned." 

In April follow ing, a Kentucky Anti-Slavery Society 
w as formed, and measures were taken to* establish a 
paper in Kentucky, called the Philtanhropist, w ith Mr. 
Birney as editor. 1 he paper w as defeated by the tim- 
idity and treachery of his printer, who sold the mater- 
ials to the slavhoiders, and refused to fulfil his comarct 
Mr. B. therriipon resolved to remove to Cincinnati, 
but belore he had sealed his family "here he w as waited 
on by an official gentleman, v ho assured him that his 
paper"v. ould produce an explosion of mobocratic ele- 
ments, more violent than ever was known before," and 



NO. 3. 

Robeht Buchanan, William Greer., D. T Disey, N- 
Longwonh, and other men of standing, a majority of 
them members of different churches. The c'aiiy press 
(except Hammond's Gazette) was filled with inrkmma- 
tory articles. For weeks Mr. Bu»ey'a life had been 
considered in danger, yet he never left his post, unless 
to encoun'er new dangers in lecturing about the State. 
The publishers firmly but temperately told the commit- < 
tee from the market house that the paper eould not stop. 
In the evening a large body of the people assembled 
and demolish- d the types and press, tore down some 
houses occupied by unofh ndmg persons of color, visited 
the houses, of Mr. Birney and several abolitionists, and 
tr<=n proceediddownMain street, where they w ere com- 
plimented by the mayor for their. good intentions ••' to 
pun*h the guilty and leave the innocent," and then ad- 
vised to go home as they "had done enough for prw 
night.!' On the 96th of September the paper re-appear- 
ed, its editorials breaihing the same calm and una wed 
determination as ever. In his first editorial .article or, 
resuming, he says : " Shall it be said that LiFE^parid 
Fortune, and Honor, should net-be hazarded — tnat i|>c 
Constitution, and Law, and Liberty, may fceiesW-<! 
to their lost thron»s, and sway their mild scoptse^jfithon'. 
a rival ! ho — this must be done by those who vvo'js'd 
rather themselves die freemen than slaves; or our com;- 
try - , glorious as has been her hope, is gone forever." 

This conscientious, prayerful, . calm, self-sacrifitinr 
and undaunted spirit, buoyed up with the justice of hi< 
cause and the w arm hopes of yet brmg instrumoni d ir. 
the salvation of his country, carried him through.all fht 
persecutions which servile and slavcholding mslico could 
devise, and gradually won his way to theeonfidoiiee,-!;;' 
respect of the w ise and good; so that he entered upon 
the second year *>f the publication of his paper in com- 
parative peace. Before the close of 1S37, be re,moVe3 
his family to New York, where he entered upon the of 
fice of Secretary of the American Anti-Slavery Sociev. 

His labors in this office, during three years that he 
occupied the station, are extensively known. Cumin- & 
he did, from the midst of slavery, himself a reformed 
slaveholder, a philanthropic observer of things, his cau- 
tious statements, manifest sincerity, candid method of ar 
guing. and persuasive earnestness of manner, give a pr - 
culiar charm and power to his public addresses,, nml di, ; 
much to give .stability and dignity to the anti--'aven 
enterprise. 

The exigences of the cause during those years ( alle< 



thai "rt^pectable and influenzal gentleman would ! for the consideration of many great questions of mun.;c 



encourage it by their silence and acquiescence." Anxious 
to avoid the imputation of a willingness to trifle with 
the public peace, Mr. Birney concluded to. haye the 
paper issued at New Richmond, about twenty miles 
from Cincinnati, but he himself remained in the city. 
The first paper was issued on the firsi of January, 1836. 
On the ggd, the mob spirit came to. a head, and a great 
meeting .was summoned to take into consideration what 
should be, done with the Philanthropist, but Mr. Birney 
Calmly m- t the storm, attended the- meeting, and amid 
threats to take his life, addressed, them w iih such pow er 
of persuasion and such cogency of argument, that no 
violence was a-itn.pttd. The Mayor cf the city presi- 
de! al this meeting, assisted by.Jucge Burnet and c< her 
distinguished citizens. In April,, he removed his press 
to the city. In July, v hen the place was filled with 
the usual summer influx of slaveholder, the printing 
office w as burglariously broken open in the night, and 
the pussand type damaged. On the 23d, a great meeting 
v as called in the n arket house, headed by Judge Et,k. , 
the pes. n aster and a m : nisttr of the gospel, vine i; 
w as resolved to insist on the immediate discdnfinvaaice 
of the Phijfaothropist. The committee to take charge 
of. the business was commposed of JACOB BURNET, 



ipal, constitutional and international law, in their -bear 
ings upon slavery; and in the discussion of the^s point; 
Mr. Birney showed i imsolf truly great as a jurist and . 
statesman. His correspondence w ith Col. Elmore, o't 
South Carolina, solicited by the latter, his essay on Ex 
tradition, on the Ordinance of '87, on the Gue.rantv ol 
Slavery, &c, published in the New York America: 
and the Cincinnati Cazette, generally over the signature 
of B , } ave developed the principles on w hich die gov- 
ernment of this country ought to be administered, for 
the sepport of Liberty and thp protection of the right) 
of indiv'dua^s— principles which must prevail unless v 
are prepared for a general substitution offeree for law 
ard to abandon the weak to the oppressions of the pow 
erftfl. 

His father having died without a w ill, he and a broth 
er-in-!aw were the only persons legally in+erested inth< 
estate. At his request, in division of the estate, tr< 
slaves, tv.pn'y-onc >n number, were set of to him- ail 
ss scon ss the necpssaTy documents covM be exii'cuti <: 
he set 1) all free. He was thus enahhd to execute > 
purpose forp <d \cv« } fieri- of fr»-f : pjr oil his fbther' 
si? vp'. at his ow n expense. The deed of emancipation : . 
as follows: 



» 



m 



''Know all men by these presents, 

TJiat I, James 67. Birneyl late of Kentucky, but now 
flavin;/ my residence in the city of JVtic York, believing 
thai siavehoiding is inconsistent vviih natural justice, 
with the precep-.s ana spirit of ".he Christian religion, 
and with the declaration of American independence, and 
wishing to testify in favor of them all, do hereby' eman- 
cipate, and forever sei free, the following named slaves, 
which have come into my possession, as one of the 
heirs of my father the late James Bik.vei', of Jefferiw 
county, Kentucky they h'-i-ig al! '!- s a- -s 1. •• by said 
James Birney, deceased, at the lime of his death.*H| 

Then follow their names and descriptions, and^re 
deed concludes: "In testimony of the above 1 have here- 
unto set my name and affixed my seal, this third day of 
September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred and thirty nine. Jamf.s G. Birney." (Seal) 
And this, Christian reader, is the man for whom, as 
candidate for the presidency of the United Stales, the 
slave solicits your support. Shall he have it? 

In 1840, Mr. Birney attended the first " World's Con- 
vention" in London, and was one of the vice-presidents 
of that august body. He spent some months in England, 
travelling, and attending public meetings. He also visi- 
ted the green island, and the place of his father's nativ- 
ity, but found, we believe, only one member remaining 
of his father's family — an aged aunt, who was garru'ou* 
in recounting the good qualities and boyish adventures 
of "Jamie," before he went to America. At Dublin he 
was introduced by Mr. O'Connell upon the platform of 
the Corn Exchange, an his distinguished friend from 
America, and a man worthy of the high-st honors his 
country could bestow. Since his return, he has retired 
upon the shattered remnant of fortune which emancipa 
tion, and suretyship and seven years' devotion to the la- 
bors of philanthropy have left, consisting of a tract of 
new- land on the Saginaw river, in Michigan, where he 
has hardened his hands by literal toil, such as his dis- 
tinguished slaveholding competitors would think only 
belonged to slaves, either wbite or black. 

Mr. Birney abandoned the pursuit of political distinc- 
tion when he. yielded^ to whayie believed to be the dic- 
tates of religion, in withdrawing from all other labors to 
devote his life to the deliverance of his country from 
the curse of slavery. But when, h\ 1839, sound philos- 
ophy and bitter experience had tog^th^r taught the wis- 
est of the abolitionists the folly of hop:ng for any great 
good from parties, always and necessarily subject to the 
dictation of slaveholders, their minds were at once turn 
ed upon Birney, as the proper representative of their 
principles and objects, and worthy to be the first man 
elevated to the presidency, for the glorious purpose of 
overthrowing the political power of slavery. 



THE JVEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

ROOtf TO 'SiJL AUGUST 15, W44.' 



List us tlno w oli ui i.ajit — a eobw eb one a. o^i, 
and the world will see through it. It w ill not do thus to 
talk like philosophers, and act like vnrelenting tyrants; 
to be perpetually sermonizing with liberty for our text, 
and actual oppression for our cotnuy ntary. 

Wm. Pincknry, of Maryland. 



In all things that have bt uuy, there is nothing to' man 
more comely ihan LIB E R.T if Milton. 



LIBERTY ELEGTOLtAL TICKET FOB. 
NSW JERSEY, 
Darius W -Ik James Howe. Tho -as V Johnson, Alex- 
in ler H. F eematj, S ep.ien .ri.ne.i, Alex<«oder Black 
Sam iel Hall. 



THE STATE SOCIETY. - 

We cal 1 the attention of the friends of liberty to the 
notice ih another column of the Semi Annual State 
Meeting at Madison in Morris County. 

Since the publication of our iast number, we have 
had information from the friends there, and find we 
were Sbt mistaken as to their willingness to enterta ; n 

friends from a distance without cost; they would like WiT «,nfnlT "T"™*" m ™* Cause > are exc ^- 
• c i_ jti , , , y u " KC ln .f LV sintul tor how can /he cond t on of the slave he 
to have fivp hnnr vr-rl nt,w^ nfi m M ™l,»l 1.. . .. "i iue siave oe 



For the Freeman. 
Mr. Editor, I was much greived at glancing over your 
paper, to find that you have had difficult* ;„ procuring 
a convenient' house, in which to hold your Semi-Annu- 
al Meeting, and the question arose in my mind, why 
should this be? Why should this deep feeling of hostili- 
ty against the abolition cause, be so deely implanted in 
the minds of our couutrymen; many of them having 
large and liberal views on other subjects, and I came to 
this conclusion, that it is because they will not hear, 
read, or have this subject discusssd. 

What at the present day calls for sympathy and ac- 
tion, so much as the emancipation of the slave? The fact 
that so many human beings are crushed to the earth 
compelled to wear the the bitter yoke of bondage, is e- 
nough to awaken the deepest emotions of sorrow in ev- 
ery heart, and calls upon all to act. 

But there are some that have such a morbid dread of 
discussion on this point, they say "slavery is not so bad 
after all, and the slaves will get free in God's own time; 
there is no use in believing the stories of these aboli- 
tionists; they are a dangerous set of men;" and so they 
resolutely close the doors of their churches and school 
houses, determined to hear nothing of the matter; just 
as if public prejudice would be softened, or public o- 
pinion enlightened, without an effort, when an eflbrt is 
required of a mighty character; and I truly believe, that 
cowardice, and slothfulness in this cause, are exceed- 



td to labor for the slave 

Our friends W»ld, Dorrance, Parsons, 
Wi»e, &. others, are expected at the meeting. 



Russel, 



We have thus far sent tee Fre- man 10 al' known ab 
olitioniets in the State, => h I, a* i.:any.. h rs who we 
ta u bt woul i read it. We *hail aiter this send them to 
subscribers only. 
!n our fir-t number w- hvit»d th* friends of libe^v 



lO'contriba!' 



artich'S 1'or th- 



P-'per, as \v« have but lit 



^ An extract of a lei. er from a i.a ive of Richmond. 
"I aft) pained exceedindv, and i o thing but my du»v 
to God. to the oipres-ors. and to he poor dou n-trodd.-n 
slaves, who no mourning a 1 t'.eir davs, could move 
Time to say a word. I will sta'e to you a few cases cf 
the abuse of the slaves, but time ivou ; d fail, if I had the 
language u> tell how many an! great are the inflictions 
of slavery, even in its mildest form. 

Benjamin Jirne.s Han-is, a w althy tobacconist o 
Richmond, Virginia, whip «ed -i slave to death While 
he was whipping her. bis wife heated a smothihg iron, 
put it on her bod\ in various places, and burned tier se- 
verely. The ver lici of the coroner's inquest w. s 'Died 
of excessive whiping.'' He w is tried in .Richftiund, 
and acquitted. I intended the trial. Some years affei, 
this same Harris whipped another lave to dea h. The 
man had not done so much wo: k as «as required of 
him. Aft r a b mi er of protr. ct ri ;ind vi'ol. nt scours 
ings, wiib sliort intervals between, the si iva 'lied mid. i 
the lash. Harr -s was tried, and again acquitted, because 
rum but blacks saw it do-.e. The same man after- 
wards whipped another s av«- sev< el , for n rl di t. o 
work to please h.m. After repeated and sev 're fl .g • 
gi.ig*; in quick succession, for the s.:mo ( uuse, the slave 
in despair of pleasing hi:n, c ,t . ffhi.- ow n Land. 

Harris soon after beeaoie a ba krupt. wer>t to Ivevv 
O I -ar»ta recruit his iinances, failed, removed to Ken* 
fee ime a r".»..-iar a»id died " 



le lei-ure to d -vote t.i t ,is b ■» ne.,s, bat as vet, w,. 
ave hiid but lilt e bel ; < of this k id; we hope to heat 
rom -iime of ou- fri nds >>efore lonj-. 

We co .si ler the pajier of import, nee sma'l as it is 
as a rn< di:;m o r corn . unicat:o'i :i<iiong th>- friends o; 
ib rty \n the S ate, bur our desi e a d n en ions ar- 
to ;u<ute i: «ts instrxt ug aul interesting as po^sbile. 

We have 'ml fh» hilsfort'ine to jjpt very poor paper 
f "r the Freeman — We shall take cai e of tins for the 
futuic. 



THR ANTr SLAVERY ENTERPRKE. 

The v.vs from .11 a rts of the U S is highly 
cbecing to the 'riends of the s ave. Whd<> the people 
ar- fist getting thejf eyas o »e > to 'he anti republican 
-yat:ire an I teiideticfts ot slav. rv — its nior <! obliquit es 
in all its bearings — th • i»jus ice and cruelties w ich 
ire n-cess uily iuc ip.r ated wit i iff and itiseperable 
;V-.m i ! ; they are as f st turuing their HttentionUb the 
Ba! ot Box is the leg i o 't remedy lor all these "vils. 

We fLid Virginia are dv com n in o 'he fid.l. while 
•her 'lave S^.te. a, e in diffi ulties which thev can 
n ve»- -id t iems Ive- of, un-il th y abolish slavery, 

Tn'e friei.d* n New Ha ip-hire promise 1 '.'.000 votes 
this fall, and t'i<' pr. spec is of the Li erty Part, every 
> here is truly e co o t'iug. a d infuse n w hfr and 
z^il into tl.p he;i tsof al true lovers of liberty who in 
l no Vnm e »es asto th ■ acts. 

T e signs of the times are f II of encouragement. 

The question now for the North finally to decide is, 
Shall the slave States dt aw us down wHi them, and 
Loth perish, or shall we, by a dec idjd conjunct exert'on 
of virtuous energy, .save ourselves and them from des- 
truction. Jawen G. jBirney. 



and consciences open to conviction. 

A change cannot be effected, until this subject is free- 
ly arfd openly discussed; and it will be, for it is a» noble 
cause, and the cry of the oppressed has entered into the 
ears of the Lord God of Sabbaoth, and he will not al- 
« ays endure that the work of His hand should suher 
violence. p 

Our correspondent is right in attributing the opposi- 
tion alluded to, to a determination not to Aear. The 
enemies of truth have always feared and opposed dis- 
cussion, unless it comes in the shape of clubs, stones, 
brickbats, tar and feathers, fire, the bowie knife or the 
pistol, or torture in some shape; modes adopted by the 
rabble to carry into effect mischief concocted behind the 
screen by those from whom we have a right to expect 
better things. Free discussion, is abolition in a nfit 
shell; a pro-slavery Boston paper not long since oppo- 
sed discussion for this reason, that "Free dtsc.Lori 
would had directly to emacipation;" and the South Car- 
olina Telescope, which if we mistake not is a religious 
paper, contains the fo'.'owing. 

" The question of slavery, is not, &shaU not be open 
toojscussion. The very moment any individual itlempte 
to lecture us upon itsevi's, and immora ity,and the ne- 
cessity of putting means in operation to secure us from 
them, in that same moment his tongue shall be cut out 
and cast upon the dunghill." 

The spirit of opposition to discussion, is the spirit of 
slavery itself, and demands the candid attention of eve- 
ry true friend of human liberty. 



TESTIMONY OF I), SWAIN, ESQ., OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

Let any man of spirit and feeling, for a moment 
;ast his tlionahts over this land of slavery — thi k of t c 
ia**rf«e«»ofsonv.' t e hungry yearninos of thers, the 
fluwhig tears andheamnu sighs of parti eg re I t ons. t e 
waitings and icbmi bleody 'ciU of the keen lash, and the 
t lilfuljcream that rends the very skies, — an 1 a I t .is 
-gratify ambition, lust pride, avarice, vani'y, a-id 
other de u-av -d t'ceimgs of the hu nan - cart. 
1 H K WORST H NOT GENERALLY KNOW\. 
Were nil the miseries, the horrors ofsjavery, tobur-t at 
once into view, a p al of seven-fold 'hotel, r could sca- 
rce strike greaier alarm." Thousand Witnesses. 



Tf.stimonv of Rev. N. II. Handing, a slaveholder of 
N. C. . "I am greatly surprised that you should have 
been the apologist of a system so full of deadly poison to 

THE NEW^ORK STATE LIBERTY COJ^f" 11 ho5ine8sand benevolence as <l»v*gr, the ' concocted 



VENTiON, is to be held at Uik a Sept. l!)th. 

The friends of liberty in this State expect to poll 3f>, 
000 voles this fell, Success to them. 



essence of fraud, selfishness, and cold hearted tyrany,and 
the fruitful parent of unnumbered evils, both to the op- 
pressor and the oppressed, the one thousandth i-aivt 
Ot WHICH mas nj-\ ei: prKN iikooqiit to light." 



For the New Jersey Freeman. 
Mr. Editor, The mass of your readers admit the 
duty of voting, and for them it needs no discussion. 
They intend to exercise the right, not however, I trust, 
without regard to principle. The law of God 

is not indifferent as to the way in which the duty 
of suffrage is performed. One form of its precept 
is, "whether therefore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever 
ye do, do all to the glory of God." God is glorified in 
the most speedy advancement of righteousness among 
men. Doing the most good we can, glorifies him; and 
to promote righteousness to the utmost of our ability, 
is exactly equivalent to doing the greatest possible good. 

Abolitionists are not all agreed for whom the law of 
God thus expressed, will require them to vote. The 
majority of avowed anti slavery men, who will vote at 
all, feel that they must support the Liberty Candidates, 
Others think they can do more good on the whole, by 
voting for Clay or Polk. If such are equally divided, 
of coarse, they accomplish nothing. 

But let us examine the ground upon which some 
abolitionists intend to vote with the two political par- 
ties. 

THE CHARACTERS OF THE MEN. 

It cannot be said that there is any thing in the char- 
acter of Mr. Ciay which entitles him. to their votes. He 
is a slaveholder and according to our views of this sm 
it reaches the climax of guilt, it includes injustice, stea • 
ling. robb( ry and contempt of the divine government. 
He is adueiisi; and according to Mr. Frelinghuysen, 
"duelling is murder," a- most "heaven daring sin." He 
says, "the blood of the murdered, the tears of the berea- 
ved, and the commands of a righteous God, call upon 
them to speak, and bear testimony againat tiiis HEAV- 
EN DARING SIN." It is needless to dwell upon his 
personal character. If a "clean thing cannot come out 
of an unclean," if a "fig tree cannot bear olive berries," 
if "a salt fountain cannot yield fresh waters," if a man 
"tannoi. serve God and mammon," if "he that oflendelh 
in one po^nt is guilty of all;" surely we cannot iook for 
any thing which God will call good from the heart of 
a s'aveholding duelist. It is useless to say that Mr. 
Clay knows slavery is wrong and wishes it abolished, 
he has the greater s;n if he "knows his duty and does it 
aot." ' . • $ 

Is Mr. Polk's personal character entirely deserving? 
He too is a slaveholder; and all the crimes which ag- 
gregate in this horrid system attach to him. His course 
in congress, and his zeai for the annexation of Texas as 
a slave district, clearly show that he cares neither for 
the freedom of the w hites or the blacks. 

It may never have been to his purpose to challenge an 
antagonist into the field of death, and fight him accor- 
ding to "the laws of honor among gentlemen";, but he 
has fought desperately against those rights of men which 
are dearer than their blood, and for which, rivers of 
blood have been patriotically shed. The man who has 
- trampled upon the petitions of freemen ought to blush 
when he solicits their votes. The slave-lord is not the 
man to serve a free poeple. 

But it may be said by those abolitionists who still ad - 
here to their old parties, "we vote for these men, not 
because we fellowship their personal characters, but be - 
cause they are able representatives of certain great 
principles upon which the welfare of the country de- 
p«n«V In answer to this, it should be remembered that 
the bible says, "Moreover, thou shalt provide out of ail 
the people able men, such as fear God; men of truth, ha- 
ting covetousn- ;;s; and place such over the people to be 
rulers." How can those who love God and his word 
disregard this plain injunction? When they do, is it 
strange vlijat they find even anti -slavery politics "very 
destructive to piety?" How is it brethren, do you find 

whig or loco i'oco politics very healthful to piety? 
"GREAT PRINCIPLES !" 
But bow qreot are these principles, which it is so im- 



portant to have represented that even a bad man may 
be elected to do it? With the whigs, the tariff is cvi- 



sing revenue «nd protecting certain pecuniary interests 
If the whigs prevail with their tariff, the people M'ili m 
necessarily be wiser or better. Many may be made ri<\ 
by it; and their riches may prove their ruin. "Hov 
hardly shah they that have riches enter into the king- 
dom of God." l'he comforts of life do not depend upon 
whig tariff. It will not make the earth more fruitful. 

Grant that it would give the country a money pi 
perity; what is this compared with the prosper^ ot ed- 
ucation, virtue, liberty, human rights? Moreover, thr. 
iariffmay stand, though Mr. Clay is defeated. 
A Democratic Congress has refused to repeal it, and 
many of that party are advocating the tarili as really a^ 
the whigs. The tariff is the great question only to those 
whose god is mammon 

What the "grea^ principles" of the Democrats are,we 
are not able to say. ALL the questions, however 
which seem to be really at issue between these two po- 
litical parties are evidently pecuniary questions. 

The only truly great question before the American 
people is that of HUMAiN RIGHTS, which forms the 
basis of the Liberty Party. Slavery is as deep a wrong 
as was ever inflicted upon man: it is as great a wrong 
as man can do to man: its curse is for' tune and taite» 
hold on eternity. The Liberty party is employing a 
inong other things, the ballot box to destroy this moii 
ster evil. They ask the co-operation of freemeu because 
ihey feel that the slave question is comparatively the 
only one which deserves attention. What are money 
'.arifis and banks compared with human rights? 
r'robably not a man would lay down his lite for the ta- 
riri,but thousands have done it for human rights. Shall 
we gratify the lust for money and care not for die thirst- 
ings of two and a half millions for freedom? Shall we 
serve mammon before God, who has commanded us to 
"undo heavy burdens?" Shall we say to the slave, wear 
your chains, die in dsspair of liberty, while we are le- 
gislating to make ourselves rich in money, and not in 
good works? 

ANNEXATION. 
But all ■abolitionists confess the slave question is the 
great one, & some would go for Ciay to prevent the an- 
nexation of Texas. It is doubtless des irable to prevent 
this, but how shall it be done? The more sober and in- 
telligent part of the democrats are no more in favor of 
annexation than Henry Clay. While this is the case, 
there is no probability that we shall have a Congress 
that will consummate the scheme. A strong abolition 
vote has dor.^, and will do, more to arreist the foul bu- 
siness of adding Texas to the United Sta.tes than any 
thing else. Ail, of ail parties, who love their country 
more than slavery are decidedly against the extension 
of slavery. Su«h is the public sentiment that it will be 
found very difficult, if not impossible, to extend the in- 
stitution in any pirection. Kill slavery, and the Texas 
question will talte care'of itself. The peculiar institu- 
tion has received! already such a stab that it will find it 
difficult even now to flee to Texas. 

THE LEAST OF TWO EVILS. 
Clay abolitionists say further, "one of the candidates 
must, be elected arid w r e ought to go for the better one 
so as to secure the greater good, or prevent the greater 
eVil: it is of no use to vote for Birney now." 

How do they knpw Clay's election will be the great- 
er good? This position assumes thatwt is of no essen- 
; >'a! importance to defend and practice correct principles 
until a majority will do so with us. If reformers had 
always acted upon this principle, where would the 
world now have been? What is reform but defending 
and practising correct principles when the majority are 
trampling 'hem under foot? Reform can never progress 
on the principles of thfAse men. 

They say, "Birney's principles are, right, transc.end- 
ently important and ougiht to prevail," and then go on 
and vote opposite principles into power. What does '.he 
veriest whig in the natioji more? Every man of sens" 
knows what principles ought to be seated in the presi- 
dency, but the difficulty is to persuade men to let their 



against your convictions and better judgment; and if yoii 
Jo it, what better can be expected of those who have 
'ever avowed themselves abolitionists? If the children 
>f Israel will not hear the truth, how will it get audi- 
flfflce before Pharaoh? 

The true way to reform the world, is to stand b\ 
tight principle always, but especially when it is in the 
minority:, and then the truth, by her own inherent pow- 
•r acting through your example, will soon gain the ma- 
ority. The opposite course cripples the truth and de- 
Jays her victory. "Let the dead bury their dead," but 
et men of principle be men of principle when truth is 
n danger of defeat. Clarkson. 

A change, VVh'G Tr cks — Ii is hut a few years 
inc? the pr i -slavery parties were unwflling 'o toie- ite 
an aMi ion'si as much as to admit one m their ranks. 
n..w, «hei thy get n ne wil'ing to go to the Pol s aud 
vo e for a S ave hold r. they cr„vv over it Instil. 

T ie Whig E lifers in this State are eudeavArijp to 
make ran it;t I by representing a'mlftioni-t • as coming 
»v r ;' ?o th ir viaws j., <r r . a i numbers. This .g a great 
mi -(•ke, some seif-suled abo ition.&.'s who never heve 
b en li lerty ea ty men no d..u:>f v.ih go lor Clay, but 
We beh. ve .he Liberty- I arty nev«r was ga.ning nu.n. 
hers faster than at tie present time. They are gaining 
converts from among Whigs and Dem cr-.rs at au un- 
precedented nt<e. Let ihe friends of liherty remain 
firm, aiid victory wi'i b, su e. 

Punishment for Fighting a Duel — ,W« s o it stated 
in a late Eny isn p per, toa; in a r cent i lei oe ween a 
p.o essor of a mil taiy schou o the Net erlauds and 
ieuten nt, the former was killed. The urvkpr has 
e a tr eci lefore a cour m rtial, and s utenc id t > five 
years imprisonment. T se t*o secc« uds *er«tcoad mued 
10 three years of the same punishme it! A few ex im 
pie- of this kind, would seou ba.ish tie absurd and a- 
omim.bie practice ol duelling 



He hat never chanced aav of hs opinio"?, n^ve) 
corrected any of h s 'ni-tekes. and he who was neve 
wis e ougii to fi id any ui st k s. 1:1 hi self, will not 
be haiitable enough to excuse waat uq reciton.s mis- 
takes m others. 



Selling Rum on the Sabbath in Is. Y. is contrary to 
law, ana a whole bevy of Porter House keepers wen- 
brought to the police office yesterday by the Mayors'- 



officers and fined. 



Those men who destroy a healthful constitution c. 
bodv by intemperance and irregular iiK (to as manifest'-- 
tili themselves as those who hang, poison, or dror.': 
tiieinseives. 



THE CRY OF A DRUNKARD. 
A Low- 11 Pa . r tejle us of a drunkard who appliV 
to th.- magistrates tor an asylum .11 the house of c r 
ree'ion, that he might Keep out of the way of the rum 
?e ie !K ! ! ! 

We see pot how anv person can read the statanen! 
witbou burning with ihdigBaaon towards thecommuni 
t'v aid -ne government of a (•Qtnmumty, that will suffer 
\n es .ibiits-ane.it .» their m<«st wh eh" will compel 
mill- t" t "ou ai.eseif w(jj)tn pris .n walls lest by sec! 
etahl hment he e ut erly ruined, jjp, s v £q n ! e, te.or 
al suasiou will st< 1 ■ men from selling! W- II «fc do - 
it tool do i ? Th re has -een metal suasion 36.1 whir.;, 
-hould loeg ai'.. have slopped everv rimiseHei in tlx 
1 lid Bet has -I done it? N «. W.th some m -n i : 
Will effect it and with so ne it ne»«t will. W th fcv. 

di it ■• h ie they have a !icen-e. Wi 1 n ne sea reel > 
who sell h gainst ti.e iaw of the laud and in de'ianr 
oi the voii c ol conscience and he voice. .fan ••ftende 
co iimu t . We beh ve great hin. sh ve be^n don 
b) m«eai s -a i ■■■., >n th- truffic never can he entire! 
ex.iiig.ii»..ed but y the aid of the laws of he land. 

Journal A. T. Union. 



derr ly th" great. qupg-.- : on. To call this a "great priuci- potty selfish interests dropj. and go for the promotion of 
pie" is a perfect solecism. It is but a mere mode, of rai- 1 riyht. If you vote againstiabolittoa principles, you vote 



"I donf know how it is." soliloquized . dVunk nloe, 
et, •' t t -e -ms to me there is the thanderingest bo; 
nine up .f things t%nightt'nat 1 ev- r re,, s e: PVPil 

e.-t : a ho-.se is dancing j as, a d the tn mi ut I ieiV 
go the post, up jumps the sjde walk a- d hits fa*, a d (. 
n the forehead. 1 1 wont d — f w.mt to gr home '■<■ '- 
k v, but I am afraid to stii — its as much as my life 

Visitor. 



worth." 




POETRY. 



The following from cheEmaucipa or, was sung at th 
Baem Celebration. 

A"ine tha eh >rds of free io n*s tyre, *| 1 

To bounding note-: of glee; 
An l swel! upon «ich burning wire, 

Tie anthems of the fr^e! 
Strike, strike a^ iin the notes of old, 

T ia 1 : s »eep t these hi'ls along! 
ilW.re fre 'd m's sons he? - fl'g unrolled, 

A id shou ed freedom's song! 

W.lc'! 'vake, tV ton»s ofvirjtorv now, 

For fre 'do n'< heart beats hi^h! 
AH triii ooh «its on manhood's brow. 

Aid speaks from wom>ri*s eye. 
The sua that rise in cloal and "»loom, 

Njy b°aTn in radiance bright; 
And io one idi*n so'en lor, soon 

Shall fa'az' with freedom s light. 

Whon slavery's n : eV sh.il' pss-t away, 

Ail v» d' ov?r I-i nd a>d sea 
A T aia on e\'erv bre-ze shall play, 
Tnf? banner of the fr-^e! 
l Th "0 tuae the lvre — l*t ra is'c sweep 
I Ou: h ■ i Is and vales alo g! 

Wh le o :e in's waves in srl ulness leap , 
And d mee to freedom's s n^! 



that a bishnp m»v n<r be a slaveholder, — ?.nd ypt that 
he may, provid d he i< billing to live on a fat s !»r\ 
have 'vs si i ves to u ait u >on him, and do nntliing — 
and have a's" the! rdeit'O'ia! Ii'ioor < fhavii» his na ne 
2fo o t in the Hvrnn Book Minute*, and Diseipline as 
>ne of the B ; sh'-ps! Tbi- uns >eakal:l" ydvancement 
ia le in t -ie cause of e r anci' ati >n in t ie cise of B shop 
AnJrevv is, that if a Metn. ; dis' Bishop be.uties a slave 
isol !tr. lie t-h II l'v 'with ,*t wcr*. as ether slaveholders. 
■ hiie otrici' B «■ opshave tow ik for th^ir living !!• Whni 
a !.s ontehing advance towards financing tion is this ! ! 
And t'ie repeal of the colored testimmy resolut on 
>nly ni eces the church ' aek whercshe wae f ur years 
:l _>o — a p r '-sl tver}' church, with a witness ! Where, r h ei 
is th s mighty abo ition refor n ? An«*»er. It :s entirely 
wit oat foundation ! 

Hid t' e General Conference not confi med the 
di>ius:s ofth • Bahiuore Conference in the case of Har- 
•1-ng, »be would ha- e been more pro-slaverj than ever. 
Had s ie not S'emed to disappro- e of slavery in the 
Episcopacy, she would have taken pr '-si: very ground 
.vhich shi; h e never \et occupied. Had she not re- 
j peal-d the colored testimony reso u;ion. she would no! 
have been as free from pro slavery as she *»e four 
years ago. What than has t e M E. Church doiu- 
that looks towards emancioa'ion ? Echo answers, 
whaff 



Taa tiev. C. T. Tarrev. aho is uo»v c-mfiued in the 
B Itira ire J til. ,rj a charge of ai ling in the escape of 
a few S iv >s, rar.tes a very interesting li tter which is 
pa >tis.ie 1 in 'bp £ nmcipator. We hav» o*»ly ro >m 
for thee mclus on, b t our fr en Is shall h 'ar more about 

this matter vet. H^ thus concludes 

' When the mob imprisoned oie, f >r no crime, at An- 
nanoli-, in 1*4 [ mvit'd m nv of t >e prominent ci i- 
z >ns of i his S ate to m -et me there, round that old j-iil 
in Janaa y, 1352, to emm •< uorate heaboli ion o : sla- 
ve v in Mar lan 1 I now extend 'he invitation .<•> you; 
wkh on!v oie correct on. If you, and ali who labor 
forth -lave ••re iai'hful, ( is I do not donbt you will 
be ) T mast name an earlier day, and a lucre' p ace. 

P.!ihtps th> area ro and Wasihx^tom's Monument, i» 
th"c ty of Bilti no-e, w ll b< a bette' prlai v. It is his 
mnvtwiin: who deciar^d il nos; w th h $ dyins breath, 
thit 'so far as his s .3* '>re cou'o' go" <6 abolish ela- 
v -ry. "it sho il I n >ver b waiting." Meet me around 
W shiagnn's mo-'u:neiit. on th" 4tl> of July, '84-». to 
br'ite the peacprull triumph o c 'i'-iert ■ in Mar viand! 
And miy (rod b ess and keep us all to see that hap? 
•y day. 

Your frienl and prisoner for the slave, 

Charles T. Torre y . 



T i e following is among the Toasts given at n ltrte 
m 'et'iig at Sal"m. M^ss. 

Bimey and Morris — T ie men who pu'l ur) the "young 
hickories'* to drive tho '-co ens" out of '-Uncle Sam's' 1 
cornfield. 



VlRGFJilA 

A Liberty Pirtv is organize ! in full earn-st in Virginia, 
and a full Ticket made oat ffr Ehctors of Presidunt 
and Viee P es'den . 



B »ndage is winter, darkness, death, despair; 
Freedom^ the sun. rh-> s a, the mountain air. 



From he 1'iue Wesleyan. 

T HE GREAT AdVANCEME.VT.OF THE 51. E. ChUSCH 

in the Cause of Abolition! — l a «• at- does it consist' 
Not in t< e confirmation t>f t!ie ditings of the Ba'timor 
C inference in the case 01 H irding; f>r-hadthe Ueuer; 
C nf rea -c reverse I th/t decision, it w uld have sal 
that a minister mav h lu slaves whote the I ws ndm t 
of e nanei..a ion. Tins > oalu < ha ve bean to proitVess 
ba le v fds. T i'' m^st tnerelore tb-.t can he said or! 
tin.1 pain is, that the M E. Church s anda ua her <•! 



g 



Th? flit.o.i in B:sh ).i A » lr j v's cise o ily pr . 



SLAVERY. 
A Hard Case. 
A gentleman in whom we place implicit coufid«nce. 
nas iu f ormed us of the following affair, who was a 
witnfss of the facts: In O toher !ast : the bark Hazard, 
Ci pt. Clark, sa led from Providence for New Orleans, 
having on b ard a free colored man a native of Prov- 
idence, as Co- k. A'ter a dangeroes pa sage, havinp 
arrived at the destined port, the vess 1 wns considered 
unseaworthy, and of course the crw ah n loned her. 
Amo ig th it nnbert'i seek for other employment was 
tt»i« hones I colored man. There is a law in Ne 
Orleans, that no cdor -d person sh 11 bi t'ound in th. 
street ;ifter 8 o'cloik in the avenieg. This poor man 
from t''e tree, pu e a r of New England, knew nothin' 
of this law, and was.io search of business past the 
hour.— He was taKen up by t ie watchraen r and put Info 
pr son. where he was confined six wee!. s; then ta\eti 
nit and let out to work to nay his dungeon fees, whicd 
were ninetv di)ll irs. While thus at w >rk a passenger 
svho w»-n' out in the bark with him, accidentally me* 
him. H was chained aro e>d the ancle a' d knee, un- 
der the la h of the taskmaster — eorjaciated and sick 
He *>egg''d of him t-i iti e him a. /picayune, to buy 
some bread with; for. said he, '? am almost- starved.' 
Oir inform wii sta'es that he , ' ler ' endeavored ■ to get 
hi n from th cl 't hes of the field-fl river, but be>n : un- 
snccssfiil. he It ft him , in ag my bordering upon despair 
The rolore'i m hi h id .'earne-i his fite and was cas' 
■town deietitcd ; and thus suffering by th • (fleets of th 
cliinate andfthe lash, was apparently anproaehlng th' 
ennfines of another, more weJcomelv to be received 
t wuntry than that ruled bv the tyrannic arm ol the 
< \eholdi-r. When he has labored lot g enough to 
pay his jail charges, he is. If luring, to lie pat tin at 
a iction and -old. to the high'jst bidder — sold into p;;r- 
etua! bivd ige ! This is another of ihe null, on oi*f ict> 
'has should l ake th;' bosorfi of every Abo ition isj b irn 
ifitfe zealous indignation— should arouse the dorm m 
fe:;Lngs of fvorv lov r of fi'eedom. Wifthope and be- 
lieve the end of rn;in stealing is at hand "It must be so 
Who ran'lif'p becoming, if he is not ahead\, an Abo- 
it ionist, in tiie fa"e of facts like lit. s' ? Where is the 
an» who will sa\ there isjusti e or humanity in this 
•aso? Look at it uudeif thi li h' of humanity, and 
sveigh t|i< crime and punishment in the bnlence of 
human rig-its. Tho q, gro is guilty of a trivial ofleuce- 

nd the punishment is perpetual bonda'.e. Should 

the Northerners hnv ; nothing to i-6 with S lutherti 
I i-vei y, w en o r norfjjern meii are sto'eo from us, a. id 
a aced nod r th to : im ints of the s'uvc iuquisitton ? We 
i iik t ev s on Id have much t do w th t. The N rth 
ho :'d 'em mo thi- man. If he his broken a law 
et turn by the lota re ceive his d se ts; but n -y< r let the 
V 'irtii give up . man to be h • property "fa Southern 
avt'holdfi-, u> til thu> * evehol it! shall producn a hill 
io sale frooi the Ai..v iiGin v. Yoiifi's Cabinet. 



ANTI-SLAVERY 
CONVENTION. 

A CONVENTION of the friends of Hu- 
man flights for the County of Warren, 
will be held in a grove on the farm of J. & 
S Adams, about half a mile from Allamu- 
chy, for the purpose of forming ounty An- 
ti-Slavery Society, commencing on Friday 
August. 30, at 10 oclock 'V. M., and contin- 
uing the two following days, ending with 
appropriate Lectures on the Sabbath. 

Prominent speakers have been invited, 
and no doubt will be in attendance. 

The Citizens of Warren and adjacent 
Counties, are invited to attend, men & wo- 
men, let them come out and hear for them- 
selves and prove themselves worthy the 
descendants of patriot Sires, wh > could not 
live as slaves: be faithful to freedom when 
her name is desecrated, steadfast for Truth. 
"For the scorned and broken laws. 

For honor and the right; 
For the staked and periled cause, 

( f Libertv and Light." 
July 30. 1P44. 



AMI >LAVEKY BOOKS. 
A variety of Anti Slavery books are on 
hand and for sale at the office of the New 
Jersey Freeman. 



NOTICE . 

The SEMI-ANNUAL MEETING of the New Jer- 
sey Anti Slavery Society will be held at MADiSON 
ia Morris County on Thmsday 22d, of Auir ist next at 
10 oclock, A. M. Meet in rs in the afternoon and »-ve- 
uinp. Madison is conveniently situated on the Mom is 
& Essex Rail Ro:id. and from the known hospitality of 
the Friends of livrtv there, we foe! justified in pro.ni- 
ing a'l wh attend the meeting Irom a tl stance, <enter- 
ainment » ithout cast. 

Let the friends of liberty every where tak» the b st 
ind most eff ctunl measures to get th s notice befote 
t tie people — Let us have a full meetin *. 

By oraer of the Ex cntive Comitte°. 

James B. Grimes, Secretary. 



The folowing individuals will help on the 
cause of liberty by acting as agents for this 
paper. 
JacabiL. Brotherton. 
John Lee, West Bloomfield, 
C. Peloubet Bloomfield, 
Richard Kelsal, Orange, 
W mi F Gardner, Newark. 
Wr^rht I'lavell, Pate/son, 
James Howe, Jersey City, 

Joseph J./ Fitzgerald, West Miflord, 
Stephen Grimes, Stanhope, 
I'.phrtntii Guard, Succasunna, 
Peter Fllis, Crosswicks, 
Baxtr Sayre, 'Madiaon. 

Any other friond of liberty, will confer 

a favor and aid on the cause of Freedom, 
by helping in the circulation ol this paper 



THE LIBERTY I'AKTV. 
This pnrtv n >w has n its service, tor e daily papersi 
a' out thir»y weekly, a, id several monthly an i tie u n 
her p-;.pid'y in-reasing. A number of new Daily Papers- 
ar i, uow in Uontempl alio i, th ; Bustoa Enauci^at <q i 
circulates 14.0 .U pape s weekly. 



fl 




X 



m 

1 j 



T 





VOL. I. 



BOONTOIV, SfcPTEMBfcK, 18-14. 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, 
Boonton, Morris dmnty, New Jersey. 

T E R M S. 

Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary rt.erifice, arid wc cannot afibrd 
to pay postage. 

THE STATE MEETING 

The Semi Annual Meeting of the New Jersey 
Anti— Slavery Society* was held in Mr. Keep's long 
room in Madison, according to previous notice, Aug. 
22nd, 1844. 



lion of peace is, that the minister" Christ, muse cease 
:o preach the v, hoi" .ruth, 'hii* obeying mm rather than 
God, Cease to rebuke sin under its widest and mo; ' hid- 
eous forms, in delerence 10 the narrow selfish prejudices 
of the human heart, oh the pica thai said sin is not in 
our State, and that it is authorized Ly law; then peace 
on such terms costs too much! 

C Resolved, that the aigtmeBt vrged ly fdi c. .] 
anti-slavery men, w ho do not vote for the Whig candi- 
date, do virtually vote for the contrary candidate 
and Texas too; is an absurd and ridiculous sophistry . 

7 llr solved, Thai a Slaveholder is no more qualified 
to preside in a Democratic Government, than a practical 
Atheist is to preach the Gospel. 

8 Resolved, That a Committee of three he appointed 
to take up Collection, and Secure pledges for means- to 
pay arrearages and continue the operations of the So- 
ciety in behalf of the Slave. 

The 8th. resolution v, as then taken up and unanimously 
adopted, and W. F. Gardner, C.Peloubet& D. Wells, 



The meeting was called to order by the President tfiwere appointed to carry it into effect. 



11 o'clock A. M., and prayer was offered by Mr. Coch- 
ran of New York. 

The Secretary then read the proceedings of the last 
meeting. It was then unanimously 

Resolved, That all friends present from other States, 
he invited to take part in the deliberations of the soci- 
ety. 

An Ode was sung by Messrs. Stone & Parsons. 

On Motion, John Grimes, Jacob L. Brotherton, Isaac 
Van Biarcom, Samuel I. Dorrance, Daniel Wise, Wm. 
L. Parsons, and Samuel D. Cochran, M ere appointed a 
business committee. 

Jacob L. Brotherton, made a verbal report of his la- 
bors as agent,which was unanimousl}" accepted, and the 
Society adjourned to 3 o'clock, P. M. 

At 3 o clock P. M. the meeting was called to order 
by the President, and Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. 
Wise. 

On motion of Mr. Lee, the commitee appointed at 
the last meeting to prepare an address to the people of 
New Jersey was discharged, satisfactory reasons being 
given for the omission to discharge the duties of that 
committee. 

An Ode was theft sung by Mr. Stone. 

The Chairman of the business committee reported the 
following resolutions, which were accepted. 

1, Resolved, That the law of God is supreme; and 
therefore, all constitutions, compacts, and statutory e- 
uactments whatever, are valid and obligatory, just in 
so far forth, as they embody and apply its grand 
principle, and no farther; consequently, all contracts & 
laws, constituting ties between the North and the South, 
which in any way compromise this principle, are so far 
of no force or obligation whatever, and should be abol- 
ished. 

2, Resolved, That Slavery or the holding of human 
beings as property, is a sin under ail circumstances, and 
therefore ought to be immediately, and unconditionally 
abandoned. 

3, Resolved, That to deprive a man of the elective 
franchise on account of his color, is not only an act of 
injustice toward the individual, but an insult to his Ma- 
ker. 

4, Whereas the bill of rights contained in the consti- 
tution recently formed for this State teaches the doctrine 
of natural and universal liberty, and 

Whereas, the dictation of this new constitution is 
clearly at variance with all the existing laws of this State, 
which favor the maintainance andepntinuence of Slavery, 
therefore 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to bring 
this matter before the proper Courts, that a decision 
may be obtained, which shall settle the question of the 
existence of slavery under the new Constitution; and 
that this committee he authorized to make an immedi- j 
ate anneal for funds to the friends of liberty, and to pro- 
ceed as early as the receipt of funds will warrant. 

5, Rssolved, That peace, kindly feeling, and harmo-| 
nious action, as between the members of a religious so- 
ciety, is a great and ever to be dsired good — but though 
a good, it is not the ultimate good. When the condi- 



The first resolution was then taken up, and after con- 
siderable discussion participated" inby Messrs. Cochran, 
Dorrance, Wise, Lee. Parsons, Rtissel, Flavt.ll. White. 
Peloubet and others, was adopted, a few dissenting on 
the ground that a resolntion embodying the same truths 
had been unanimously adopted at the last meeting, and 
was on record. m 

The second resolution was next taken up and unani- 
mously adopted. 

The meeting then adjourned til half past seven. 
At half past seven o'clock the meeting w as oiganized 
and prayer was ottered by Mr. Parsons. 

The committee to collect funds, reported $44,18 col. 
in cash including $11,75 by .Iambs Howe from Jersey 
City Monthly Concei t, and ,>2^7o in pledges, amoun- 
ting in all to $ 72.93. 

An Ode was then sung by Mr Stone. 
' JrL:~Brbfh! rtcr: offered (lie folic «.v itig' which wae u- 
nanimously adopted. 

Resolved, That we hail with pleasure, the publication 
of the New Jersey Freeman, as a valuable auxiliary in 
our noble enterpr'ze: and we give it our countenance & 
support, and cordially recommend it to public patron- 
age. 

The remaining resolutions were then taken up and af- 
ter free discussion participated in by many members, 
were unanimously adopted. 

Mr. Gardner then offered the following, 
Whereas, the word requires that when one suffers, 
all should suffer with him; and whereas, we have con 
tributed this day in aid of our colored friend; & whereas., 
Mr. Charles T. Torrey, late of Mass. is now in jail in 
Baltimore, charged with a violation of slave laws by 
aiding in the escape of slaves from their mastere; and 
whereas) his defence will cost from $500 to $1,000, 
therefore 

Rdscolvcd, That we how raise by contribution §5 
or more, in aid of brother Torrey's c.i.se, 
which was adopted, and a collection was then taken 
up amounting to $5,68, and Mr. Wallen of N. Y. was 
appointed to forward the same. 

A hearty vote of thanks was then given to Mr. Keep 
for the excellent accommodations and abundant refresh- 
ments afforded to all in attendance; prayer was offered 
by Mr. Howe, and the Society adjourned. 



ISO, 

w ore discussed, and thrifts and banks reared heavens hijri* % 
and at the njxt round, laknSaw, even to th-> dust, by 
the $Mle inmates of the sTagu. Finally the dreaded — 
the agitating — the h uih-telling subject, (abolittion, Lib- 
erty party, <kc.,)came up, and to soma charges made 
against this subject and its friends, Mr. Brown made 
some happy and horn.. cut replies. 

A warm pohieian of the company called him to an 
account for his temerity, no* in the least knowing him 
to be a colored man, and forthwith accused hifca of the 
old 1842 accusations, such as amalgamation. , ,iIo was 
asked, 'Sir, would you sutler one of your daughters 
to marry a colored man V 'Yes,' was the- ready res- 
ponse. 

'There,' says our catechiser, is amalgamation to the 
brim— just as ail abolitionists want and hold to.' 

Again he was asked, 'then I suppose you v. ould marry 
abiack? 'Moa use Handy 1 wouiu, and no other.' 1 here 
was no ground left for caviling. 'and it was so bold and 
fearless, and so utiexpected^hal the whole subject was 
dropped uy the catecliiser, as too horrible to proceed 
further: 

The dark veil of myterious night was removed — th^ 
curtain that divides the light from the darkness, was 
rolled up, and the sun poured las early and gentle rays, 
iiuo the stage. Our colored friend sat at one end of 
the coach by the side of his instructor in amalga- 
mation. Whilst our catechiser was still nodding and in 
sleep, a number of passengers had awakened, and saw 
the true color and situation of these two friends, and 
were sleeve-laughing and tittering at what they saw 
arid had heard. Our catechiser awoke and saw his 
man — and at the top of hu> yoiife cried out, 'Why, you 
are a nvjaci '.' Sec. put little or no reply "was 



From the Northern Star. 

The following capital story is from the Liberty Press, 
Utica, N. Y. It is an amusimg instance of the folly 
as well as wicke dness of the prejudice against the black 
man. 

COLORPHOBIA 
Mr. Brown, a colored man of some talents, although 
once a slave, was of late traveling east from Buffalo in 
the Stage. Mr. Brown took a seat in the evening, and 
it was not noticed that he was a colored man. During 
the evening's ride, and before late at night, the various 
topics of the day, such as Whig and Loco focn doctrinsj 



mode Ly our sensible, qutft -£ftd .g-iniuuittWily-- ro ! »:vd 
citizen, and they were soon at the stage house, and cal- 
led for breakfast. Soon the bell rang and the colore/1 
man, and the rest of the load turned to the ' table. The 
colored man, and all, but Mr. catechiser. sat down to it 
Mr. Southern Ch.iv.alry was awake, and by him the land- 
lord was called upon to remove the colored man from 
the table — he asserting thai he would not breakfast with 
a nigger. — The landlord cam:: forward and politely aski d 
him to take a side tabie, which should be well supplied. 
He very politely refused, and said he was well scan d 
and satisfied. The host oirered him his meal at free cost , 
if he would assent. — He mildly replied, that he would 
sit were he was and pay his fare. The landlord's chiv- 
alry was aroused at being thus baulked, and w ishing to 
serve his southern master, he approached him in the 
attitude of menace, to forcibly remove him. Our colored 
friend smilingly said : 'I will leav e it to the company 
present.? The host could not refuse, and a vote was 
taken, and lo ! all but Mr. catechiser, were in favor c ' 
his sitting as he was. His ire was up, and he was de- 
termined not to eat at the same table, L he took the side, 
table prepared for our colored friend. 

The leason is complete, and full of sound, moral in ■ 
struct! on. 



The V\ est. — At a Liberty meeting held in Jefferson 
county, la., recently, which was addressed by Hon. S. 
Lewis of Cincinnati, between sixty and seventy farmers 
renounced the old political parties sitd" pledged them- 
selves to Liberty. — Liberty Press. 

The N. Y. Evening Post publishes the following ex- 
tract of a letter from Western New York: — | 

"Already, in this county, men of character and influ - 
ence, who have always voted with us Hitherto, have de- 
clared their intention to abandon Mr Polk and vote for 
Mr. Birnev, or else refrain from voting at all; while a 
deep sense of dissatisfaction with the course of the Bal- 
timore Convention pi rvades the mine's of many.'" 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOONTUJN, A in . U ST lo, 1844. 



Lei us throw oii the masx. — as a cobweu on.- at l>&»», 
and the world will see through it. It will not do thus W 
talk like philosophers, and act like unrelenting tyrants: 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our text, 
and actual oppression lor our commentary. 

Wm. Finckney, of M try land. 

In all things that have beauty, there is nothing to man 
::iore comelv than LIBERTY Mihon. 



LIBERTY TICKET. 
For President, 

JAMES G. BUiNEY, 

OF MICHIGAN. 
For Vice President, 

THOMAS MORRIS, 

OF OHIO. 

For Electors, 

DARIUS WELLS, 
JAMES HOWE. 
THOMAS V. JOHNSON, 
ALEXANDER H. F REM AN. 
STEPHEN GRIMES. 
ALEXANDER BLACK, 
SAMUEL HALL. 



THE STATE MEETING. 

The state meeting at Madison on the 22d ult, was 
well attended, the greatest harmony prevailed, aud if 
we can judge right, the interest for the Slave is on the 
increase in our state. The meeting was held in a largo 
room fitted up for public meetings by Mr. Keep, by 
WTiom refreshments were furnished gratuitously for both 
man and beast, and when the society tendered to Mr. 
Keep a vote of thanks, he arose with the heart of a true 
anli-slavery man, thanked the society for meeting there. 

When the Church was applied for, we are informed 
that it was objected to on the ground that a rich slave- 
holder in the place, would withhold his support from 
the Church if anti-slavery meetings were allowed there, 
and this was one of the reasons why the house was re- 
fused. Comment is needless. 

THE STATE CONVENTION. 
We call the attention of the Friends of Liberty 
throughout the State to the notice on the last page, of 
the convention to nominate a candidate for Governor, to 
ho held at Newark on the 25th. inst., let all come that 
,-an. It is of great importance that the friends of lib- 
el y should be fully organized for the work, Virginia has 
her liberty candidates in the field, and shall New Jer- 
eoins behind; we say NO! Let the FREEMEN of 
New Jersey come up to the work, and show they are 
in earnest, that theu mean what they profess. 

ALSO, 

Let the Voters in the Fourth and Fifth Congression- 
al Districts, read the notices on the last page ioi mee- 
tings in these Districts, & attend them as they should be. 

The County Conventions jn Morris and Essex should 
not be Just sight of; let the "friends in those Counties 
see to it that their respective Conventions are well at- 
tended particMlnrly let the voters of Essex be on the 
ipol as the Stale and Fifth District Conventions are to 
be held al the same time and place. Let the. notices on 
the last page of these meetings be well published. 

There can be a good number of liberty votes polled 
;•; Passaic, Hudson and other Counties, if the right eff- 
ort is made. Let Conventions be held in all the Coun- 
ties where half a dozen voters can get together, and a 
Ticket be formed previous to the State meeting on the 
2 5 at Newark, and the results handed in at that tune 
or publication, as we shall issue our next number nn- 
i i Uately after that meeting, and the Election will be 
hi Id for State and County officers before another ^o. 



T EX A S. 

It is really amusing to look on and see the use that is 
:,iade of the Texas question by the two greai pro-siave- 
ij parties, i»o Whigs and Democrats. Both parties ar 
using ail the exertion possible to make capital out of it, 
tnd both parties taking both sides as will best enable 
.hcin Lo ca:eh votes. 

The Wiiigs say at the North, that if Polk is elected, 
Texas will be admitted into the Union, and every eftoi I 
s made to mislead the friends of liberty by their u falst 
issues," and get votes for Clay. They are exceedingly 
alarmed at the stength they profess to think the slave 
system will receive from annexation; they are horror 
itruck at tne idea, that the cause of emancipation will 
be so retarded, and say, "if you withold your vote from 
^iay, you will go for Polk and Texas" a "false issue" 
without any mistake. 

Tne Democrats like the Whigs, advocate and oppose 
Texas, as it will enable them to guli people, and get 
votes for their party; they too, arc on both sides of the 
question, as best suits them. Both parties are makiug 
use of this-question to deceive liberty men and get their 
votes. 

We commenced this article for the purpose of keep- 
ing abolitionists on their guard, that they may not be 
deceived by the "false issues" of the pro slavery par- 
ties. 

We are among those who are opposed to the admiss- 
of Texas upon principle; we believe it would be wrong, 
aud for this reason we oppose it, not that it would 
strengthen slavery, for we do not believe it would 
strengthen that system; but rather hasten its downfall. 

We believe the only way to fortify "that sum of all 
villanies," and retard the progress of emancipation, is 
to vote for slaveholders and their apologists to fill our offi- 
ces and make our laws. Therefore, friends of liberty, 
he not deceived, the remarkable tenderness which these 
politicians manifest all at once, for the poor slave is not 
without design, and is as hypocritical as it is unbecom- 
ing. 

The whigs are rather taking the lead in this matter, 
and base their sayings on the Texas letter of Henry- 
Clay, which only means that Texas ought not to come 

i. on, by and by it may be proper; and the only really 
fxed difterence between Clay and Polk, on this subject 
is, that Polk's time is now, and Clay's is some future 
time, probably after election. 

In order to show the true feeling of the great body of 
Southern whigs, we copy the following from the Bal- 
timore American, a Journal in high standing among the 
whigs. 

"If those who really desire the annexation of Texas 
would consider the subject fairly, they would probably 
find that the chances in favor of a safe and secure annex- 
ation arc aieatcr with Mr. Clay in the Presidential chair 
them any other man." 

The southern whigs as a body are strongly in favor of 
annexation, and Mr. Clay is recommended to the peo- 
ple of the South, bec ause the chance for annexation is 
greater with him than any other man. 

The ana Texas electioneering of the whigs for Clay 
is all humbng — and should not be suffered to mislead 
the friends of Liberty. We trust it will not. 

The National Intelligencer, a leading whig paper, 
speaking of annexation, says, 

"We do not so much object to the thing itself, as we 
as we do to the man and the party by which it is to be 
accomplished." 

Mr. Prentice a leading whig, says, 

"I believe the question of annexation, as now presen- 
ted, to be a mere party question, brought forward ex- 
pressly to operate upon the presidential election." 



Grand Union Mass Meeting. There will be a great 
Union Mass Meeting of Whigs and Democrats in 1848, 
at the 'ieai of Salt River. 



rue l^v.r of naive 



or Liberty will tell for truth, retev 
iveJMtJ -Freed en; Le at his post 



The President of the state society has handed us the 
names of the following persons whom he has appointed 
as the committee required by the fourth resolution, 

adopted at the recent meeting, at Madison 



For the New Jersey Freeman. 
Warren County .M^ktino 
Mr. Editor. 

The Anti-Slavery Mas* Meet tig at Allamuchnv, 
Warren G«». has been attended v\ it< i mu, h interest and 
• ith good effect. 

P.irsuam to notice, a Co ini v Soc ety was for.ned, 
mxiliary to the N J. Antt-SHaverj Society. 

The requisite officer , were" appom cu; Doct. J D. 
Mil s of Wallnu. Valle.. . is P.-esid at. 

The meeting was continued three days, mornings & 
afternoons, in natures tabernacle, miter heave s ! tiro id 
canopy. When w e consider that it is but recently mat 
ihey co nm-.-nc.cd discussing t tic sn i,ect ol'iiu nan r ghis 
and held iheir hist anti-slavery meeting , we ire led to 
predict that ere lo , g the yeomen ry oi vVa reii County 
will be fully awake to truth a id justice, and win p. ovo 
herself faithful to Freedom. 

This is .he birth place of tne lamented Benj imin 
Lundy, a;d his benevole >t spirit w s ma litest in die 
ki id reception we met w,th. It might be contrasted 
'ith the moboc ratio spirit that is still visible to some ex- 
tent in some parts of N. J., 

lint to return to the. meeting: the fi st day. Fr day 
Aug. 30 th, the time wa^ mos.iy occupi •(! with business 
•ind iu answering a call lor the first principles oi Anti, 
slavery. In the evening the meeting *as held at the 
public house of Mr. Barto. who ki d . offer".] it for tne 
evening meetings. Mr B. Say re of Madison Morris 
Co. d^elt upon the unwarranted soitheni power exer- 
cised over northern interests. 

Saturday A, M. Rev. Wm- L. P.ir-ons of Boontr.n, 
answered the oft repeated question, viz. W iat iuve we 
at the North to do with Slaver.? In he P. M. Mr. P. 
lectured upon the dominent power of slavery over the 
government; also computed the cost oi slavery to ihe 
north. 

Sunday the meeting was large, and attended with in- 
creasing interest. The morniuo th, me. - as — Southern 
Slavery contracted with Bible Slave-y. (so called) and 
viewed in the light of the great distinctive principles of 
revea'ed truth. In the afternoon, the popular objections 
'o anti-slavery doctrines and measures were fully ans- 
wered. 

Several resolutions of im:>or'a ice were passed which 
will hereafter be reported for your prper. 

The exercises were interspersed with a; propri >te 
singing, which added much to ihe interest o; the meet- 
ing. F. S. 

A Caution to Ministers. — The following reso'u'ion 
was adopted bv the Quarter!' Conference of the M E. 
Church, Franklin circuit, (M ehigan) wi!!,out a dissen- 
ting vote: 

Resolved. That in the opinion of this Conference, 
the time has arrived when every Minister of the G'^-pel 
should take a firuinivl decided siaid against American 
Slavery, the sum ofrjll villa iy. and exert his utmost in- 
fluence iu favor ef the peaceful and universal emuneipa> 
tion of the oppressed; and that all those who do not 
take tlii- stand render thems elves unworthy of the. pat- 
ronage and support of the Christian community. I 

Signal of Liberty. 
Abolition. — The Sixth Baptist Church of Ciuejnnaff! 
have recommended a Convention of the B iptst C-iuici- 
es in the Western States, to bo held at Cincinnntti on 
the 2Sth, 29th und 30 h days of September, to prepa re 
lor operating succe-sful.ly as Baptists agamsi 'lie ini- 
quitous system if American la very. — Albany Patriot. 



Democracv Getting Right.— Mr. Lyman, one of 
ihe del 'gat. s rom 01i;o to the Democratic National 
Convention, bus to'u-ed to support Jam s ii Polu.and 
has giveen in his adhesion lo Birney and Morr s. There 
may lie many i'i the parly which he has left, v. ho aro 
almost persuaded to "go and do likewise." 



$^»John G. Curtis, Etq. a leading Van Buren politic- 
ian in Madison N Y., who has been six years clerk of 

vud is out 



John Lee, John Grimes, Wright Flavell, Alexander j the county, has joined the "Liberty Party," i 
Black, Charles F. Clark. I °i K ' lll >' and Tens. 



Our Criewichs friend is informed 1 1 1 ;\ t Bo nton 
our proper a I'. re s, w e have Post-offices near, throug- 
Ilrhicli all communications re.-.ch us. Will hi 1 pleas 
6«n'l ti- the names of the friends in A lenfoww? 

A iriend in Burlington writes that he is ^strong n 
the Whig cause, but he cann t support it w ih a slaver 
head, and shall vole lor J. G. Birney if bo noes it sin 
gle iiuti led.'" 

That's the true spirit, let all who proless to hate 
slavery act in this way, and us end is speedy & certain. 

NEW YORK 
The Aunuiil Meeting of the iNew York Stute Anti 
Slavery Society, is to be hela on t;ic l&th iytli ius> 
The Stat.- Liberty Convention wil: b held on the 20th. 
That will be a gn at Meeting, wa trust New jersey 
wiil :ie rejuesen ed there. 

The new Con>tttution is adoyted by defailt; 20,>?6 
voles m favor of it, 35^9 against ii. The number ot 
Votes ia INew Jersey polled at the Presidential election 
in 1840 amounted to 6-i,3s5. 

It is supposed that this constitution will put an end to 
human chtiUe'ship in the State, thougi it takes from the 
colored citizens the right oi suffrage. 

Theu co-no trie Liberty Party, embracing a lar^e 
portion ol tlie virtue, iuiel licence ai;d iegal know- 
ledge, the Christianity and patriotism of the North. 
Taki.ig t ie gr und first occupied by Washington him- 
self, fua- slavery was the creature of iheia » ana should 
b- abolished tiy law, they appeal to the ballet box, uot 
the bayom t ; l.ke the great Irish Reformer, having faith 
in the power o reason, truth and virtue, they expect to 
aehie v e a bloodless revolution, more glorious than any 
yet arising from force and arms. Tins party, a few years 
ajo, numbered but seven th< usand voters; now in 1*<43 
tbev poll s.x'y-fi^e thousand men at ballot-box; having 
doubled 'heniselve* every year from the time of their or. 
ganizathn. At such a continued r;;teof increase, I leave 
it to the reflecting to determine how long it will be, 
before they absorb the whole political power of the 
Northen men who are opposed to slavery in principle. 

Cassius 31. Clay. 

Froqress. — In a town in Indiana, w here ^otne Liberty 
addressee were latelv delivered, about seventy persons 
heretofore connected with other parties signed the Lib- 
erty party pledge, and have become active supporters 
of B'rney and Morris. In one town of North Carolina, 
the editor of th Philanthropist, a L iberty | aper in Cin- 
ciin^ti, has received »n addition of sixteen su iscribers, 
which is progress in the right quarter. Emancipator. 

"Ain't it wicked to rob this hen roost, Jim ?" 

"That's a great moral question, Gumbo ; we've no 
time to argue it — hand down another pullet." — Granite 
Freeman. 



"Jemmy, what is a member of Congress?". 

"A member of Congress is a common substantive, 
agreeing with self-interest, and is governed bv $S a day, 
understood. " — Granite Freeman. 

Benevolent. — To work a slave from the time he can 
to ; dle till he is fif- v years old, and then send him out aa 
a misioi.ary to Liberia. Liberty Press 



The Present Cabinet. 
President, John Tyler, Slaveholder. 
Secretary of State, John C. ■Calhoun, Slaveholder. 
Secretary of the Treasury, G. M. Bibb, Slaveholder. 
Secretary of War, William Wilkins, Servile. 
Secretary of the Navy, John Y. Mason, Slaveholder. 
P. M. General, Chas'. A. Wickliffe, Slaveholder. 
Attorney General, John Nelson, Slaveholder. 



A VOICE FROM THE SOUTH. 
Says a Baltimore writer, "We must look to the Lib- 
erty Party, and rally around its standard. I would rather 
toil in its behalf — live and die with it — sink with it forcv 
cr, if sink it mast, than swim and prosper with either oi 
the other parties. But it will not sink. There is no sue! 
wor'l »s fail in the catalogue of its princplcs and net?" 



THE CLAIMS OK THE WHIGS. 

The Whigs are, and have been urging their exclusive 
[aims to the votes of abolitionists, because they say, 
sat they are in reality, the only true-liberty party; not 
vithstanding it is nut a short time since they disowne,; 
:1 connection with us ami re garded us as too contempt - 
,)le to ue worthy ot notice. 

What they can louiid this exclusive claim to liberty 
rotes upon, we are at a iusi> co conceive — it is not be- 
cause they have treated tut aboiitionists any better than 
.he Democrats have, tor m fact they have not treateu 
• hem as well. Ihe abolitionists have had. moie kino 
treatment from ine Lemoerais in tins £>tate than they 
have from the Whigs. We nave repeatedly been shut 
out from homing ai.u slavery meetingo in places where 
whig miluence pi-epunuciai.es — wnue.*n pieces where 
democrats ha.t uad the power, *e nave been allowed 
to hold meetings, and have even been invited by them 
io hold such meetings. 

Some of die v> higs are sensible that this is true, but 
question the honesty oi ui«. dcinoqgata in use matter. 
Their motives may be honest, and they may not, we 
will not stop to enquire; the jnct in lac case is, the 
vsfhigs havt throwed more obstacles in our way, ana 
have calumniated anu perscmed us more than the dem- 
ocrats. 

We never, in ah our life, had such a torrent of scur- 
rilous, personal au.ise poured upon us as we had a few- 
days since by a prominent wing on ms return from a 
great whig mass meeting, and that too, without the 
least provocation, ami from a man wiio professes to be 
a christian and a gentleman, and who sometimes talks 
about his hatred to slavery. We have believed him to 
be a strict temperance man, or we wouid without hes- 
itation have pronouced him two thirds drunk. As it 
is, we must suppose him to be literally intoxicated with 
whiggery, and if men under its influence are made to 
forget the true dignity of men, and descend to the inde- 
cent &. base scurrility that issued from this man's mouth 
for a short time; God save us, we gay, from its contam- 
inations. His wicked abuse, (for we are under no ob- 
ligations to call it by any softei name,) was founded on 
our editorials in No. 2 of the Freeman. We have since, 
read them over carefully, and we find nothing in them 
that we feel in the least inclined to take back; on the 
contrary we feel bound to reiterate them, and until our 
views of things change, we shail continue to do so. 
We find nothing in those articles but what we believe 
must be endorsed by every enlightened man who recog- 
nises to the fullest extent, the obligations of God's law. 
We have said things, and expect to continue to say 
things that v, ill offend the time serving, those who love 
popularity, money, and their own ease, more than they 
do truth and justice. Such exhibitions of scurrility will 
ouly tend to make us more firm and faithful in the cause 
we advocate, & we advise the whigs to give him a stea- 
dy job at electioneering, we venture to say he will make 
at least one convert to the v, hig ranks to every ten that 
he drives out of them. 

We were not prepared to see him thus violate all 
rules of dcenecy & propriety, & ride rough shod over 
us in the manner he did. However, we are alive and 
alive like to be in spite of his influence, to do what we 
can to expose the sophistry and falsehood of the whigs 
and all other pro-slavery sects or parties in the world, 
even if they are upheld by the great " I, " above allu- 
ded to; we can assure him that however exalted he may- 
be, fn his own estimation, he appears supremely con- 
temptible to us, and we do not desire to have such a 
man on our list of associates. 

He ordered u.s to send no more of our "scurrilous" 
papers to him; we shall send him no more, but will just 
•jtate that since this tornado of u scurrility " issued from 
his mouth, we have added 81 to our subsription list. 
. If the Whigs expect to get liberty men into their ranks 
to do their work by abusing them, we trust they will find 
tbemseves exceedingly mistaken. 

Neither can the whigs claim our votes on account of 
.heir faithfulness to oft repeated promises. 

Every year sine" abolitionists have felt it their duty 
o carry their. principles to the ballot-box, the whigs 
fcfave been continually saying, '-votewith nslhison.ee," 



md then we will join you. Accordingly a great nuijj- 
ner of the abolitionists have voted with them; and the 
aong every year has been "this once," and was never 
sungwWi such manifest determinations to enforce it in 
■very possible way, as it is at this time. 

They cannot claim our votes on account of their ser- 
vices >u the ami-slavery cause, for they Lave done no- 
ting as a body but oppose" us in ail plates anu at all 
Mines when our cause ha., been unpopular. Witness 
heir public acts while in power, have ti.e-y notio n ve- 
ry great extent done ali they couid to cast odium on 
our cause and bring us under contempt, ridicule and 
persecution. They may boast In vain ot a Gideings 
and a Siade who use all the influence their anti-slavery 
reputations give them, to coax and drive abolitionists 
imo the service of slaveholders. And as for C. M, Clay, 
we have from the first suspected him of sinister designs, 
and his subsequent course has tended very much to 
confirm and establish these suspicions. We never have 
doubted his abhorrence of the slave system; but his com- 
ing out at the time, under the circumstances he did, and 
professing the ultra anti-slavery principles of the aboli- 
tionists, ant! then trampling them unuer foot and acting 
with such zeal and perseverance in direct oppositon to 
their dictates, shows to our mind a deep laid piot to 
entwine himself around the affections of the abolitioists, 
and then wheedle them out of their votes in favor of a 
slave-holding candidate for the presidency. The gross 
inconsistencies of this gentleman, gives his otherwise 
benevolent acts, a suspicious character. How utterly 
unworthy is the course of all the three indviduals na- 
med, w hen compared with die tearless, nobie, dignified 
and consistent course of Thomas Morris. 

When Mr. Adams grappled with ihe monster in the 
House of Representatives, how much sympathy, en- 
couragement and protection did he get from the great 
body of whigs.' Aside from the justice of his cause, his 
arm was held up almost exclusively by the. aboltionists 
The Whigs cannot claim our votes because their can- 
didate for the Presidency, the highest office in the gift 
of the people, is a friend of liberty, far be it from this. 

He is an actual slave holder, and his recently express- 
ed sentiments show that he is a slave-holder at heart, 
and utterly "opposed io any scheme of emancipation , 
gradual or immediate !." 

He has participated in five duels, and now, August. I, 
1844, refuses to say whether he will fnjhi any more or not. 

We give the following extract from his speech in the 
the Senate in 1S39, which no: only shows how he re- 
gards etpuai rights, but shows how much sympathy for 
the slave he believes there is in the whig parly. 

"I know there is a visionary degma which holds that 
negro slaves cannot be the subjects of property. I shall 
not dwell long upon this speculative abstraction. That 
is property which the law declares to be property. Tw o 
hundred years have sanctioned and sanctified negro 
slaves as property." 

"It is not true, and I rejoice that it is not true, that 
either of the two great parties in this country lias any 
design or aim at abolition. I should deeply lament if 
it were true." 

The following shows how much he favors abolition. 
"I w ould suffer the tortures of the inquisition before 
I would sign a bill having for its object the abolition of 
slavery in the District of Columbia, or in any mar.n it 
give countenance to such a project." — Clays remarks 
to TT7.se, in 1841. 

And with all this, to say nothing further, the whi gs 
call Mr. Clay "the great embodiment of whig princi- 
ples." We do not wonder that some of the whigs 
think it is wrong to enquire into the characters of those 
who solicit their votes. We ask with what propriety 
they can claim the votes of abolitionists. 

We might say much more to slxiw how utterly ab- 
surd the c 'aims of the whigs are to our votes, but we 
forbear, as we do not conceive it possible that honest 
minds can think any more necessary. The whigs are 
laboring with great zeal in the use of all sort of means 
to deceive and mislead the abolitionists and get their 
votes for a slaveholder and duelist, end v.c v.iote this 
article to put them on their guard. 

Friends of Liberty, let us be faithful and true at the 
Ballot Box, if we do not plant the seed we can never 
expect die fruit 



IT 



POETRY. 



THINK of the slave. 

Think of t >e slave, in your hours of glee, 
Ye w!io in- treading life's flower- way; 

Nought 'iut as ra iklilig tuorns ha< ho. 
Nought but tne gloom of its wintry day. 

Think of the slave, in your hours of woe!-** 1 
What are vonr sorrows, to hat he bears? 

Quenching the li^ht of his boso >'s glow, 
With a life-long stain of gushing tears. 

Ti'lnk of the slave, in you- hours of pnyer. 
When woridl thoiighis in your hearts are dim; 

Offer your thanks ftfr the bliss ye sh.ire, 
But pray for a brighter lot lor him. 

E. M. Chandler. 



From the Emancipate. 

THE DISGUSTED WIFE TO HER HUSBAND. 

You promised to leave off your smoking, 

Thi dav 1 couseU'ed to wed: 
How '■ • ttie I thought yo" weie. jokingj 

How fondiy bi levrd wh.t vou sai'l! 
Tl> n,aia ! how compieteh vou sold me, 

With blandishments artful and vain, 
W' en \ou emu'ied your snuff-box, and told me 

You never would fill it again. 

Those fumes so oppressive, from puffing, 

Sav, what is the solace that flows? 
Aiid whence the en joyment of stuffing 

A parcel of dust in your nose? 
By h. habits y.>u thus are pursuing, 

Tii< re can be no peasure conferred; 
How irrational, then, in w doing! 

Now is it not very absurd? 

Cigars come to three pence eaeh, nearly, 

And six-pence au ounce is your snuff; 
Consider h«w much, then, you \ early 

Miiit waste on mat horrible stuff: 
Why. the sums in tob..cco ou spend, love, 

The wealth in your snuff box you sii k. 
Wo dd procure me of dresses no e;id, love, 

And kei p me in gloves — only think. 

What's worse, for yo.tr pei-sou 1 tremble, 

Tis going ;is fast as it can; 
O! how should you like to resemble 

A smoky* and snuffy old man! 
Then resign at the call of affection, 

The habits 1 cannot endure; 
Or spoil lioth your nose and complexion'* 

And ruin your teeth, 1 am ^ure. 



Wine and Wuiskey* 

'•Hear those leilows how they are carousing ih that 
tavern/' said a dignified looking man to his friend, o.s 
they passed a drinking house a few months ago. "I 
don't see what our police are good for when they tole- 
rate such riotings," 

"Don't be hard on them, Colonel," said the other, 
"they arc only enjoying themselves as wc do some- 
times." 

"As uedo .'"exclaimed the Colonel ; "why yon don't 
insinuate that we have been guilty of such conduct.'" 

"Do you remember our supper at Tom Soaker's the 
other night, Colonel 

"Yes, I do, but what of that?" 

"Why, did not we absorb the wine diligently ?" 

"We!i ; -what of that?" 

Did we not laugh, and shout most merrily?" 
"Well, what if we did?" 
"Did not some of us go home blue ?" 
"That may he." 

"And did we not carry Hal Sponge to his lodgings, 
because he was too boozy to Walk?" 
"Oh hush!" 

"Well, Colonel, pray tell me the difference between 
our party, and the one you would have the police to 
break bp in the tavern?" 

"The differences are striking. In the first place wc 
drank in a private house, they in a public one. Second- 
ly, we drank wine, theg whiskey. Thirdly, we were gen- 
tlemen and lawyers, they are cobblers and tinkers." 

"Capital! But Colonel, great as the differences are, 1 
think there is one very strong feature of resemblance — 
;;om« of our party got drunk and made a, noise, and some 
of their party are drunk and making a noise." 
' Ghn.or ycuffioneense. Do yt«i think tvintrf issctiri?' 1 



Slavery and t h e C h u r c h. 

' It is a debt we owe to the purity of Religion to nf- 
irm tint it can give no countenance to the law whicn 
sanctions SI very. " — Patrick Henry. 

Ed.iard Smith, of Pittsburgh, Pa., a ponu'ar Meth- 
i list minister, in a recent di.-couisc on shivery, states 
fh it the slaveholders in tne section of Virginia in which 
he formerly res. d«d did not preteudj to justify them- 
selves from the Bible, until 'hey were induced to do 
-o by a leading Docor of Divinity. H ■ savs : 

"The Doctor made the important discovery thai 
•Slavery was not sinful, that the relation was ssjuctton- 
• d by the H >l> Scriptures. He was at that time a pro - 
f -^sor in one of the schools of ihe?prophe!s, i. e a The* 
"logical Stminary. This important discovery, which 
whs a soothing unction to the oppressor'sj soul, w*;s 
m .d itnO'vB in an Ecclesiastical association of my native 
dt.ite, Virginia. 

This Rev. D<'. made another discoverv which did him 
more credit than th.s: That it was a sin fur a sla\elo 
pray to fhe Almighty on thoSabbaath day, it the master 
was administering needful chastiiement. He was a 
slaveholder and a severe one too; and often With his, 
i wn hands he applied thecowhide to the naked backs ol 
his slaves. On one occasion, a'woman that s< rved in 
the house, committed on Sabbath morning, an offence 
of too great magnitude to go unpunished until Monday 
morning. In towns and cities in the South, slaves are 
whipped for the most part in cellars to prevent their 
cries from being heard so far as they would be under 
other situations. This is not the case on the planta- 
tions. The dwellers in towns are not willing- to let the 
neighborhood tn which they live know how often they 
whip the 4avrs. The Dr lived in a town, and on this 
occasion took his woman in the cellar, and, as is usual 
in such eases, stripped her fr irn her waist up, and then 
upplied.-the lash. The woman writheland winccd'uu- 
der each stroke, and cried, Oh Lord ! Oh Lord! 
On Lord ! The Dr stoppi-d, and his hands fell to his 
S'de as though struck with the palsy; he gazed on the 
worn -n with astonishment, and thus addressed her, (the 
congregation must par.ion me for repo iting his words :) 
'•bushy ■•u b — h. will you take the name ol the Lord 
in'vuin on the Sabbath day?" he finished whipping, 
and then went and essived to preach t iat 'lospe! to his 
| congregation which proclaims liberty to the captive, 
and the opening of the 'prison doors to them that are 
bound. This was the man w ho made the important 
liscoi er- that si. -very was not sinful ; and surely he was 
just th" rrfan for «ucb a work." Middlesex Standard. 



STAT!'. LIBERTY CONVENTION. 

A Convention of the Liberty Party Voters in 
die State of New Jersey, will be hell in the Otv of 
Newark, on Wednesday the 85th. day of Sept., IS 14, 
at 1 o'clock P. M., for the purpose of nominating a 
candidate for (r.>\crnor. 

The meeting will be held in fie Church at t'le foot 
of Market Street, near the Depot. 

By order of the State Central Committe, 

D. Wells, Chairman. 

Aug. 22, 1?S44. 



Mr. David HaWley. a class-leader in the Methodist 
Church, at St. Al bail's, Licking county. 0'do, who 
moved from Kentucky to Ohio in 1831, testifies as fol- 
lows : — 

"lUjth'A-ear 1S°1 or 2, I saw a slave hung for lul- 
lirii; his master. T e m ;s er had whipped the s'av'-'s 
mother to death, and, locking him ill a room, threat- 
ened hiirl with the same fat- ; and, cowhide in hand, had 
lv g n the work when {he slave joined battle and s'ew 
the master." Slavery As It Is. 

SAMtfBL Er.'usoN.a member oflhe S ciety of Friends, 
formerly of Southampton county, Virginia, t.oiv o; 
Marlborough, StarS county, Ohio, gives th ; following 
testimony : — 

"While a resident of Southampton county, Virginia 
I k- ew two n,en. a ter having been severely trcaterl.cn 
di avorto make their escape. In this they failed — were 
taki n t-ed to Tees, and whippi d to death by their over- 
seer. I lived a mile from the negro quarters, and nt 
hat distance, could frequently hear ;h screams of the 
poor Cm.lures when b. aten. and could also hear the 
b tons giv.n bv the overseer with some heavy instru- 
ment." — Slavery As II Is. 

TESTIMONY OF RVK. JOHN RANKIN, 

"Many poor .-laves are stripped inked, sin tched and 
tied across barrels, or large bags, and tortured with the 
lash timing hours and even whole days, until their flesh is 
mangled to the very boms. — Slavery As It Is. 

lfe> The hist cu. turner of tao rumeeller is the poor- 
est cortoiiipf to any ot^er trade. 



FIFTH DISTRICT CONVENTION. 

The Liberty Voters of tne Fifth Congressional 
Distri.Ot-, will please meet in convention iu the City of 
Newark, on Wednesday the 25tu, day of Sept. next, 
at 2 o'clock P. M. 
The Meeting will be held in the Church foot of M:r« 
ket Street, near the Depot. 

Darius Wells, 
Aic-x. H. Freeman, 
Wright Fuiveil, 
John Lee, 
Isaac Van Blarcom. 

Augf. 22, 1844. 



ESSEX COUNTY CONVENTION. 

The Liberty Voters of Essex County, will meet 
in Convention, in the City of Newark on the 2oth. nay 
of Sept. next at 3 o'clock in the af eruoon. 

Themeetmg will be held in the Church foot cf 
Market Street. 

Alex. H. Freeman, 
John Lee, 
Richard Kelsal. 

Aug. 22, 1844. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 



The LIBERTY VOTERS of the fourth con- 
gressional district, will meet in Convention tit the 
Free Church in Boon ton on Saturday toe 21, of Ser»t, 
inst., at 2 o'ciock P. M., for the purpose of nomina- 
ting a candidate, for Congress for this District. 
Sept. 6th. 1844. 



MORRIS COUNTY CONVENTION. ' 

The Friends of Liberty in Morris County, are 
hereby notified to meet in Ihe Free Church in Boon, 
ton on Saturday the 21st, of Sept. iust., al 3 o'clock 
P. M., for the purpose of nominating candidates for. 
the Legislature and other necessary business. 
Sept. 6lh. 1844. 

AMI SvLaVeY BOOKS. 

A variety of Anti Slavery books are on 
band and for sale at (he office of the New 
Jersey Freeman 

The folowing individuals will helpojj the 
cause of liberty by acting as agents ibr this 
paper. 

Jacob Ik Brotherton. 
John Lee, West Bloomlield, 



C. Peloubct 
Richard Kelsal, 
\\ tn. F. Gardner, 
Wright Flavell, 
James Howe, 



Blootnhehl, 
. Orange, 
Newark. 



Paterson, 
Jersey Cily. 
Joseph J. Fitzgerald, West IVlilfurd, 
Stephen Grimes, Stafthope, 
I^phraim Guard, Succasunna, 
Peter Ellis, Crosswicks, 
Baxtr Sttyre, Madison. 
Any other friend of liberty, will confer 
it favor and aid ou t he cause of Freedom, 
by helping in the circulation of this paper 







VOL. I. 



BOONTOX, OCTOBEK, !-4 1. 



TT ¥7^ 



FREEMAN 



WILL BE I-t'-BLISlIfcD MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRiMES, Enron and Profiuetok. 
L'ooniov, Claris County, New Jersey. 



TERMS. 

Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our pajier is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afford 
to pay postage. 



meeting intensely interesting. The eitpense of course 
would be considerable, but it could all be rased by on.' 
or two collections each day during its coiHiiHia.ce. I hope 
our friends will take the suggestion into consider* ion 
and be prepared to develop* it at the time already hinted. 

Will tiie committee appoin ei by the State nt;»-; : ng 
for the purpose of having the n m Constitution *djudi- 
cated in reference to our »lave i*v, s, be apprised U*. 
the inquiry on tl a. topic is cp;v».'ing mpiuiy, and the 
public will look tor their action with t*^er interest. 
Yours for tiie rights ol man. 

Aleat. li. Freeman. 



For tlie Freeman. 

Orange, Sept. 7th. 1844. 
Dr. Grimes, The New Jersey Fryman coniiuues 
ii* a.on.iuy Visits, and appears 'o my fancy like a Low 
of promise to our cause ui this State; 1 trust our men. 
who laandie a pointed pen will not lorget to contri- 
bute to your columns. 

Tii-. it tation given in the 2d. number by yourcorroa- 
pendent "Viator," of the celebration ol independence 
day wnich he witnessed, reminded me of a sin oi omis- 
sion not unlike that, enacted in this place last spring, 
perhaps tl might have been as late m the montii it June. 

Tut agent of the American Tract Society, M?. East- 
man, as i an) inibrnnu his name is, visited here i*> pre- 
sent me claims of thai institution and receive. Ene annu- 
al contributions ot ih< people, in ike course of his re- 
m*.. in the second church where I heart) nun, he took 
anextensi\ e vieV pf the prospective condition of our 
na out our population quadrupled in fifty years, our 
Rail roads, Ofenais and other business and traveling la 
cihties increased tenfold, our USstless citizens bussed in 
their multifarious avceations, and a.sked in view of ail 
this, ought not the winged messengers of truth and duty 
to be increased in a much greaTer ta'io. He particular 
ized; divided the aforesaid po^iaiion into chiefs, and 
^■Pried e-Jpecialiy as to what Would thee be the condi- 
tion of the descendants of our German and Roman 
Ca lioiic population whether Germans or other*., a\ rel- 
et, tie,: to the claims and influence of chria'ianivy. but 
notwithstanding all his generalizing and particularizing, 
all the seeming interest which he took in the welfare 



We- are constantly receiving horn all parts of the 
Free State?, ne« and continued momfe** ion- «* ii" 
absoiuie hostility of iLe Wcigg to ti e L >*rty j»t*j 
•nd tiie true reason why »«• a»» bound to • n't-r :i e :»• it! 
J cuntroveiaj • th them m tl a. tl • ; ».■• in a!! j**t* ei 
the couatiy uotay a't they <mr< to whip and dri* e, to«x 
deceive and misl %a the Libar y peters and compel dtere 
them to go folCiay, while they profess u be tiie tru- 
frii iid» oi iiber»y, and do aa they have a . * ay a been do- 
iug— promising to go i«r freedom f<«' never penorming. 

YYe receive Liberty y papers from nearly all dh 
Pre* ;><a es, and the testimony (riot! is, that the v» »..£.- 
a-f-re never putting forth auch untiring and unprim ij i «' 
"i.-erls to annihiia.e the Liberty party as a the pr •» n 
time. As we are charged by aonte of them with grea. 
"#<-nrrillity; M %e g;»e a little specimen of "seurriliuy" 
(Vo n the p n of the New England Quaker Poet. We 
copy the following irum die "MiMdieal it S am ard," a 
i.:hi*riy jiaper published at Low 41, jtass. with John G 
Whitiier for Editor. Such specimens of "scurrillity" the 
Whig*, by the course they are pursuing, are extorting 
lion' a!' Liberty- i«arty_ papqta ju.jliC land, in „ 
forty in ini!!:ber. 

STAIvE FIRM. 

Ne*»r perhaps since the commencement of the anti 
slavery eo.erprize :a»ve such persevering and desperate 
eftdlrts been made to seduce the friends of abolition trout 
their van' age ground of decided and uncomp.vn .s':.g 
opposition U) slavery, as ai tbe present time. All over 
the Free »>att s. Whig orators, from i aniel Webster 
tiownwaru, and Whig uew s{japers, iionithe iNew Fork 



NO, 

bitterness, ""alienat ion and discord." 

And reittemij*^ that the Whig prrx--.es ard Whig or- 
a^ora all said Amen to the nvwsag" of the President. 

k'-memb^r, that tlie VVhig Cabinet under Gen. Har- 
risou wa» composed of siavehoders and pro-slavery men 
e*x»usiv«*ly; tl*t in the esse of the' Post Master Gener- 
al, who from his location vvaasHjspfeeted ot entertaining 
«sti ♦** tv viev. a, ife PreiiUent required him to say 
tfta U- ajsso aholittonist. and- 'that if he shottM ever" 
become one tie attouiu det-m it a sulhcient gt ound for 
h is removal from office! 

And remenii»er tha; no Whig p»p»T arid no Whig cr- 
a'or Bfx**- out against tiiis »»iiol-»a;e proscription ol a 
tilitioti's's. 

h -Jus «ar done under G-"H. Bawison, a non-slavehol- 
d r, ».,d »-.»idt«t ot a Fw*» S-at*-, in the name of hu» 
'•••ii-', . » ! • are we u> expect Irorc a blaVeltolder and 
• r-t-ii n .♦- • ?-lav.' Sra e? 

Once m«r»- we aav to our frFnds every wnfefe: Re- 
meraber and s^-akd fikxi. If you wouid bn-ak 
,-» ,v r «> i m -eiui t»iave Vo v r — if you would prevent 
the armexa.jon of 1-*a», STAfsl) FIRM ' 



of our country, all which was designed to wake up be- 
nevolence in view of the great subject, he never made 
the slightest, allusion to our two and a half million of 
slaves, denationalized., brutalized, men, women and t 

children, with, to say the least, equal claims upon his {Tribune downward, are engaged m a simultaneous, pre 
attention. Our German population mav number, say concerted, and completely systematized etlort to draw 
half a million, the Catholics double that number, and it I away Liberty votes— to annihilate the Liberty power of 
is of unmeasured importance that their feet should be | the i\orlh, h av ing the southern Slave Power once more 
guided in the path of righteousness, but the slaves! 0,1 without a rival— to break the seined lines ot I-reedom, 
there is not < iu i*.e three millions of them, altogether too and thus enable Slavery to regain her old position, a; d 
in.dgr,;iV-r.iit a class in numbers and destitution to arrest advance to new conquests over the rights and liberties 
the attention of the agent and advocate of an Ane riean | of the people. Professing a love for freedom, in vo ici - 
Benevolent Society, and "with which to arouse the sym-j hoarse with singing the praises of a slaveholder, they 
path! -< of Am-riean Christians; alas! alas! vith what | come to us, in public and private, m the street a 
thunder-peal emphasis may the slave groan out in lite our fixe-sio\ s, beseeching us to vote "this once" for 



From the Liberty Herald. 
ADVERTISEMENT. 
TS*> following niitice is clipped from a Baltimore 
paper: 

j J r >0 REWARD. — Runaway from the subscriber, 
on Lfce it. tfc inal:, a bngiu mu.la to woman named Poiy 
*. ary, a>?ed >• ai», li e lee- .wo indies tugh, rather 
dei. au- in t:.», and 1 as thkk lips and 1 igii cheek 
eon- a; her tie t -ng *■ k, good, and she took with her a 
considerable quan .hy oi tu 

Tiie above reward will b» paid for the recovery of 
sa d negi'O out of Uie »ui ♦• of Jrlaryiand, if secured that 
i g -t ws again, and jl »d it n and se ured in 
Maryla.id. . GttoKr.E Rust, 

iNo. 177 North Charles St., Laumiore. 

fri. m: h.r whom -his iii>era3 reward is o'^fed — 

desiring not to be out-don- tn generosity, — has hune.ed 
I us the follow ing for publication. We insert is with 
great pleasure. - 

3 At REWARD will be pa'd for the recovery of 
services, rendered for six years, by tie subscriber to 
George Rust, No. i 77 Nor*!- Una, i •» Street, iianimore, 
n whose employ J I ave U-en for 'hat '.'fee m ithotAaje- 
muneration, and* who is well able to pay his just deles, 
but, like aii slaveholders, has no disposition to do so. 

Poi.y Carv, 
Of Oueeh Victoria's Dominions. 



midst of his unrequited toil, "no man eareth for any 
soul." 

I hav» a suggestion to make to New Jersey abolition- 
is's, otie which. I would have made at our recent State 
Meeting had it not slipped my mind at the proper time, 
and which 1 wish to make thus early that our friends 
may reflect upon it, and be prepared to advise the Ex- 
ecutive Committee in relation to it at the annual meet- 
ing in January next. You know that the great obsta- 
cle to the spr-«d of an'i slavery fee!ing and action a- 
mdng us. is the unwillingness of the people to hear and 
investga<e our real sentments; if we could get our prin- 
ciples fairly before the people, and urge them upon their 
consciences, we would undoubted iy make fine headway: 
w-U, I propose that -onie time, during the next sum - 
mer, and at some well selected place, we hold an Anti 
Shmrn C'tmn Meethifi;. 1 feel satisfied that the nov- 
el'y and romance of such a meeting, with its continu- 
ance for a week, the teterefttion incident to attending it, 
which are always supplied or can he at camp meetings, 
would bring out thousands of poeple; and lh*n we must 
secure the artond&ncje of a dozen or more of our stong 
est men; A'lvan Stewart, Gerrct Smith, Leavitt, Stan* 
ton, Pi.-rn-i-it, Co! ver, B'owh, Garnet, with our owe 
W' hV Porrance, Wise and others, most be there; G. 
W. Clark, the vocalist must be tEre if he can be had 
in a word no efi'ort should be spfttcd to make such a 



.mo a 
the i r 

andidate, and vouching for their party as "an anti-slav- 
erv par v" 

'it is the old game of 1S40 played over, when by per- 
suasives and promises of anti-slavery 7 action on the part 
of theWhigs, if successful, a large majority of thefi ieiK'.- 
of freedom were induced to swell the majority ot "Tip- 
pecanoe and Tyler too." 

Who does not know* the result of Whig promises and 
the end of Whig profession in 1840? — 
QfrNsot one promise has been fulfilled! Not one profess- 
ion carried o< i in practice! 

Remember this. Liberty men of the North. Bene: 
again deceived. Whefl the partisans of a SLAVEfiO] - 
! EB ask for your votes, remember 1840, and STAN 1 
FIRM. 

K' member that the first act of Gen. Harrison was tc 
declare, in his inaugural message, that the schemes oi 
those who w ere seeking to legislate for the District ol 
Columbia should "never be realized" by his agency. 
w'-' -And remember that no Whig editor, and no Whip 
orator, condemned this Whig "Veto Pledge," hut tha 
they on the contrary applauded it. 

Rcmen I er that 'in the same message, the Whir Pies 
ident cow'* mned the w hole anti-slavery movement , a: 
" the certft'ii 1 arh : rgr r of eisunicn, violence and civi 
v. a r"— and pronounced the sin pie "agitation" of ti • 
question "productive of no other consequences thai 



Good HeroMineudntton. At a Contention in Jackson, 
in iVeicingan, the following resolutien was puss- d: 

l Hesolvefi, That we eaution all our Liberty friends 
to keep their necks out of the horrible Folic, and their 
feetirom themirv Clay.'' — I oice of Freedom. 



Mr. Polk as Slave Master. "Roorback's Tottt 

through the Southern Spates in 1836" describes a wretch- 
ed groun of 200 slaves whom he saw on their Way from 
Deck river to some Louisania Sugar Mills. and adds-*- 

"Forty three of these unfortunate beinto* had beer, par- 
chdsed, I was informed, of the Hon. J. K. Folic, the 
present Speaker of the If o use of Representatives. The 
mark of the branding iron 'icftk the initials oi his name on 
their shoulders distinguished i he in from the rest." 

Sentinel of Freedom, 

The humafte reader is left to reflect mat this same 
I. K. Polk, is now a candidate for the highest office i« 
the gift of this American people. 

The above if true, which indeed comports with (In- 
spirit of both the slave-holding candidates, is bat anolh 
-r item added to the thousand reasons w hy ail men 
should desert the pro-siavery partus, and rally around 
he standard of EiRNEY AND LIBEtRTV. 

]\T"int> — Tie- 1. inert' v t in Maine as far fis heard 
...n. s 6 445. There will be a large mCr-Mis • at the 
November election, ot .he Libert;, Vute in U,u Sta.e. 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN, 

BOON TON, OCTOBER. 



Let us thro.v oti the mask. — 'usacouw^to on-, a*, t>. .- 
and the world will see through it. It will not do thus tc 
talk like philosophers, and act like unrelenting tyrants.. 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our text, 
and actual oppression for our commentary. 

Wm. Phickney, of Mnrylav.d. 

In all things thathav beauty, there is nothing to man 
more comely than LIBERTY Mlton. 

LIBERTY TICKET. 
For President, 

JAMES G. I31RNEY ; 
OF MICHIGAN 
For Vice President, 

THOMAS MORRIS 

OF OHIO. 

For Electors, 

DARIUS WELLS, 
JAMES HOWE. 
THOMAS V. JOHNSON, 
ALEXANDER H. FREMAN 
STEPHEN GRIMES. 
ALEXANDER BLACK, 
SAMUEL HALL. 

For Governor, 
JONATHAN P » RK HURST. 

We cail the attention of those in our County to the 
notice in another column of the Mass Meeting in Bo s- 
ton, let all come that can, and we hope that some may 
come in from other Counties. 

The Election comes on Tuesday and Wednesday of 
next week, and wfc believe an important one for the 
cause of Liberty. Let abclitionisis be true to their pro- 
fessions, and forever banish the "this once" idea. Our 
enemies see the importance to our cau>e of being firm 
now, and why should we not see it. Th-jy see that the 
final success of our cause, demands that we should act 
consistent with our professed creed, and carr^ our prin - 
ciples to the Ballot-box now, and tba< is what troubles 
them} they see in tire success ot uur cause, the annihi- 
lation of all the pro-slavery parties in the land. Our 
principles carried out, (and they will be if we are true,) 
will destroy the hopes oftho.se who are fa'tening on the 
unrequited toil of their fellow men, and who are ready 
to enslave the poor every -where, white as well as black, 
as soon as the law is ready to ''make property'? of them; 
those whose aim is to oppress the poor always, in some 
way, whether bond or free, in order to secure their own 
aggrandizment. We say, that our opponeots, the slave 
holders and their apologists, see the power of the Bal- 
lot-box in this cause when faithfully used, and tremble. 
Why should ice not see it? Friends of Freedom, fof 
Justice and Peace, our faithfulness will prove theterroi 
of our foes; and the foes of all mankind. 



STATE LIBER f Y CONVENTION". 

ISkwabk, N. J. Sept. 25tb , 1844 
Aceor».ling*to notice, the friends of the Liberty party 
: n New Jersey, held their convention in the Church 

foot of Market Street. «• 

Darius Wells of Patterson was appointed Chairman 
and Wm. F. Gardner, Secretary. 

Prayer was ottered by Rev. Mr. Parsons. 

Jonathan Parkhurst of Springfield, was unanimously 
nominated as the Liberty Candidate for Governor. 

On motion, A. H. Freeman, John Lee and John 
Grimes were appointed a committee to inform Mr. 
Parkhurst of his nomination, and request his acceptance. 

On Motion, it was'resoived that the present central 
Committee be reappointed. 

On Motion, T. V. Johnson, Wright Flavell, and C. 
Pelouhet were appointed to secure the publication of 
the nominations. Adjourned. 

D. Wells , Chairman. 
Wm. F. Gardner, Secrary. 



Fourth District Convention, 
Was held in the Free Church Boonton Sept. 21, 1844. 
and John D. Mills of Warren Co. was unanimously 
nominated for Congress to represent this District. 



Fifth District C onvention, 
Was held in Newark, Sept. 25, and Dr. John A Payne 
of Newark, was unanimously nominated for the District. 



Essex County Convention! 
This Convention u as held in Newark Sept. 25 1844 
C. Peloubet Chairman, E. R. Crane Secretary. 
The following Liherty Ticket was adopted. 
For Senator, John Lee. 

For Assembly, 
Chabrier Peloubet, William Paterson, Samuel I. 
Dorrance, James Ball, James White, John Gibbs, 
Peter Courier. 

For Sheriff, Richard Kefcal. 
For Clerk, William F. Gardner. 



Morkis County Convention. 

This Convention was held in the Free Church the 21 
Sept., and adopted if* following Ticket. 

For S.. vl! lor, B-'n a nin B. Griswold. 

For Asscmhh/, Hen.y K-cp, Daniel C. Norris, 
James B. Crimes, William Brothertdn. 

For ShrnfjL Charles E Nor/is 

For Coroners, VVihiaro Kmgsland, Elias Genung, 



Wo like the idea suggested by our friend Freemen ol 
an Antislavery Camp meeting and shall make some com- 
ments on his letter in our next. 



Cannot the friends in dint-rent parts, where libcrt . 
voters are, send at least one or more to our meeting O! 
Saturday, and get their Tickets. 



It i-i no crime at all for a Whig to outrageously alms 
a Liberty party man, but it is a great crime for a tibeft 
party man io say anything in his own defe nce. 

We have just r ceived] a lott r Joni a friend i: 
8uas-;x$|Oourryy it brings .encouraging bWws for tl, 
Li!».«rJP psr. e 



Passaic County Tkkci. 
For Senator, Joseph J. Fuzg-ra'd. 
For 4wew%,'#enjamia Crane, L. Rowland Borden, 
For Sheriff, Isaac Van Blarcom. 
For Coroners, Isaac H. Van Riper, William Ball, 
John W. Pulis. 

A COR It REPORT PEN FROM ESSEX COUNTY WRITES, 

"There is nothing so calculated to call forth indig- 
nant feeling, as the deep prejudice existing against a 
race that only need the opportunity of developing their 
intelb'ctua! powers, to !>• come as enlightened and intel 
ligent as theitpiflefaced oppressors. 1 will acknowledge 
U.ut 1 cannot listen Lo arguments with any degree ol' 
calmness when the pi -a constantly bi ought forwa d is 
'they cannot take care of themselves, they have no in 
■dlect." Siranrfe philosophy; load a man with fetters de- 
grade and oppress in every possible mann t, make bin 
irink the bitter draught of slavery to the very dregs, & 
ake from hint e\er\ motive, evarj incentive to exetion 
md then complain hat slavery does not produce speci 
aens of iniolgeiiafe and intellect. A friend speaking 01 
e "N-'w Jersey F. 'Mn,.n," calls it the first ray 0 
n'g it from New Jersey, and I only hope the rays will be 
.ghter & brigh(er-until souk.- oi' th< mists of ignorant 
.all be dispelled; 

A New York Evangelical Congregational Associ 
ion !>as een organized in N. Y., y Fre Chun 
-linisters and ha,*i published ixa atidr. ss to the publi 
.viiici.. v.-e shall gi\e.a move «.\fvt *•<• >t" ice in oat next 



We not only feel it a right, but a duty to examine th 
character and qalifications of men held up as candidate 
for our highest offices- We do not do this because wetuk 
pleasure in so doing, but because we cannot omit it an< 
feel engaged in the discharge of an important duty. 

The two pro-slavery parties are continually labourin 
to persuade abolitionists to vote for a slaveholder as thf 
best means to promote emancipation. The whigs espej 
cially, are making every effort to make the abolitionists 
vote for them, because they have such a good man fo: 
vice President — Mr. Frelinghuysen was recommend ft 
by some as a man that would get Liberty votes in 
C lay- We have thus far said nothing about this man 
but the use that is made of his name to cheat libera 
men out their votes, compels us to speak out in referents 
to him. He received but a few votes at the Ballimort 
Convention the first ballo'ings, but was noinina ed afte; 
a caucus of southern members agreed to it. 

He has recently written a letter to the south, whicl 
sufficiently show s the fallacy of his claims to the sup 
port of liberty men; he does not even give us the leasj 
room, in that letter, to suppose him any tiling but an 
approver and upholder of slavery- We copy it with thf 
editorial remarks, from John G. Whittier's Middlese| 
Standard. 

KISSING THE IMAGE. 

Who doubts that slavery governs the North? — Then 
is the Whig candidate for vice-Presidency down on 1 I 
knees before the devil-alter of the south. Let th« 
whigs read it: It is addressed to Dr. Hall (^Mississippi 
"New York, June 11, lt-44. 

"Dear Sir: I received your kind favor, and than! 
you for the friendly interest you have taken in tin 
matter. I very cheerfully respond that F am not vn oh i 
olHionist and never have been. I have b"en an arden 
friend of the colonization society, and still am. Slave) 
ry in the States is a domestic concern, that Congresj ' 
has not the right or power to interfere with, in its It gisi 
lation. Ver respetcfu//y, 

Your obedient servant, 

THEO. FRELINGHUYSEN 

In 1838 a great meeting was ca//ed in Newark, 01 
account of the Cilley duel, one in which Mr. Clay acte< 
a conspicuous part, and Mr. Frelinghuyson wjS invit 
to attend the meeting. He could not attend, and vroj 
the following letter as an expression of his views an 
feelings, in relation to the object of the meeting. 

Trenton N. J., March 5 1838 

Gentlemen-- On my way to the cars lor this j lacj 
this morning, 1 received your note of invitation to atten 
a meeting ot our fellow citizens at Newark to-nio'roi 
evening, on the subject of the ate duel at Washington 
1 sincerely regret that my professional duties here, wij 
detain me rom the meeting-/or if ever on occasion cal 
for an expression of the public feeling, the late s> n .1 ( 
SHOCKING VIOLENCE most solemly demand i 
Truly "the blood of war has bet n shed in peace; 1 ' ;;ni 
this in high places and among the law makers of oq 
country. 

THE LAW OF THF DUELIST IS AN OUl 
RAGE UPON EVERY PRINCIPLE OF OF IE 
ANDHUMAN1TY.1T .SETS THELAWS 3 
GOD AT DEFIANCE, and if this MURDERUU 
SPIRIT be not met and fearlessly REBUKED, 61. a 
frowns of public sentiment, on ourselves will abide much j 
(he mill of MURDER. It can be checked and eflecn 
ally repressed, whenever the people, true to their hid 
duties'j shall rise in the majesty of public opinion, uti 
frown upon these ATROCIOUS DEEDS OF YM 
LENCE; and the blood of the MURDERED, tin ted] 
f the tfcrec ved, an<l the commands of a righteous C/J 
nail uj>on them now to speak, find hear their stent and ft 
lignemi testimony arpuist this HEAVEN DARi>i 

im. 

I hope, gentlem"n, that your meeting and proce J 
ngs may exert a powerful iuiluence, ant! with kindJ 
:emonstrations all over the land, prevail to crush ih| 
■darming evil. Yours respectfully, 

Taeodork Frei.inchuvskn. 
Wo now End him "Kissing the Imaol m in relation 
.his prac.tice-The follow ing is an extract irom an addrt 
c.niiv given by Mr. F. to thewh^soi Catskill N. l| 
' ■'iiie position in which Mr. C hiy waspiaceo at tl 
imeoi his duel with Randolph, rtnd«redit impossil 
tor liun,a r<-»:dpt ol" sou.t.eni i.nut- whrtc it,; , .■ 
i.ied "law s of ionor" w ere fully rocognia d, to ov| 
aok the pointed K r'tpeattd instut 01 his (UAUtgonisUjI 



retain his standing in Congress. He, Mr. F., believed Mr 
Clay erred, but Mr.G* did not even pretend to be a Chris 
tian, though he had often wished be were, and had no 
therefore that support which the Christian reltgioi. 
would have afforded him. It was a custom-a prevailing 
one in the southern clime, where Mr. Clay, resided 8 am 
wifhiag to vindicate, according to established usage, hit. 
good name from the aspersions of Mr. Randolph, h< 
had sought redress in the manner he did " 

If this is not a criminal steering to the dirty work ol 
a corrupt party— we cannot conceive what would be. 
Truly in our estimation, Mr. F. is very far from occupy- 
ing an enviable position for a gr a and good man. 
Friends of Liberty, be not deceived! 



JONATHAN WALKER'S LETTER. 

Pensacoi.a, July 29, 1844. 
Dear Wife and Children — 1 nave the privilege by 
the mercy of our Goti and Father, of writing to you again, 
but my situation is tar trom being w hat i w ould choose. 
Aooui the time 1 wrote my last letter, which was, 1 think 
the ISthof June, 1 had made some arangements to vaice 
some passengers to iNassau, New Proviuence,a little to 
the eastward of Cape Florida. On ihc 23d 1 started With 
seven colord persons in my boat— i was quite unwell two 
days before we left here, and the sixth day out i did no. 
expect to survive twenty -four hours; but the next day 
1 \.as a little better; and two or three days afterward i 
haa another severe ill turn, which i did but survive. My 
sicKuess was intermittent fever and inward canker, 
brought on by extreme exposure. 1 never saw sucn not 
w r eatljer in my life. We proceeded on our voyage dawn 
the coast, until the 8th ot July, when the sloop Eliza- 
beth Catherine, of Key West, ( a wrecker ) fell m 
With us near Cape Florida, and look us by torce lo Kt) 
\Vesi. There 1 was taken before a justice of the peace, 
asiiicy are called, and from thence to jail, where 1 re- 
mained four days, and then was put down a steamboat's 
hoid, among iiith,where it was extremely warm, and 
put in irons, hands and feet, where 1 remained nearly 
the whole time for six days, during winch time sue 
came to Pensacoia, and here I was taken 10 the court 
house, and from thence to jail, where 1 remain, d secur- 
ed to a large ring boh by a chain made ol i.aii inch iron, 
and a sltackle round my ankle, which weighs about five 
pounds, so that 1 have to lie or sit down ail the time. If 
1 could walk the room it w ould ailord me great relief. 
1 have for four or live daysrecoved my healih quite fast 
but from the 25th of June untill the 23d of July, I was 
not able to sit up three hours in a day, and nearly all the 
the time very much exposed. 1 cannot say when I shall 
have my trial, nor what, the result will be. 
the regular term of court does not come on untill Novem- 
ber, but the judge does not know but thai he shall ap- 
point a special term before thai time. 
In about one day more, if we had not fallen in with an 
enemy, we should have been out of their way altogether. 

Jane! what is to become of thee, and the children' 
I have lost nearly what little I had, in the fracas, and 
I am confident thatyou are needy ai this time. You had 
better send and get the proceeds of that iron and spars 
w hich I sent to Fali River, and do as w ell as you can. 
Write me as soon as you get this, that I may know 
how it is. 

The Lord Jesus has been abundantly good to me 
through all my afflictions thus far, and I feel and trust 
that his Spirit will accompany me through — for I can- 
not let him go. Should I be taken aw ay to day, I feel 
that a!i will be well beyond the grave. My confidence is 
stone in Him, for he has purehsod redemtion by his 
blood for sueh viie sinners as me. 

Dear wife and children, trust to Jesus for help. If you 
do in earnest ,He will prove your best friend here and 
hereafter. Get your information from the New Testament 
and do not trust in flesh. 0 ! my dear old parents, don* 
v nny about me, for I am in good spirits and shall wea- 
ther the storm. JON A. WALFFR. 

"1HK LEAST OK TWO EV1I..V 
"With slave-holders and advocates of eternal slavery 
heading both parties, how can any true anti-s'a cry man 
hesitate? It is hard, in this cass, I think, to choosi 
the leant of two evils." 

The Testimony of Washington. 
"There is but one proper and eliectunl mode b< 
which the overthrow of slavery can be accomplished 
and that is by legislative, authority, and this, so far a 
my suffrage will go, shall not be w anting." 

105 Democrats in Madison Count}' IV . Y. have d< soi- 
led PoUc and come out for pirnejutl ey havf publisher 
nn address to their foimer associate, inviting them t< 
join under the liberty .Standard. 



For the New Jersey iV..cii.au 
Mr. Editor. There' are many v. ho ha\o not don 
testifying slavery; or at least, they have not ceased u 
,'xcuse it. There are not a iew w ho have be imprcs 
sion that the bible countenances the system. They tin. 
chat a system of ser itude did exist among the Jews 
tnd conclude therefore, that the horiidsysiemofSou.h 
em Slavery is not incompatible w i.h the principles oi 
revelation. It is obvious that tiny might by some con 
venient logic, vindicate polygamy, or any other practice 
w hich was tolerated by a necessity w hicn "the hardness 
of men's hearts" in those days created. The argumen 
from the bible for slavery is good for nothing unless an 
essential similarity between ancient servitude and mod- 
em slavery can be es'ablishcd; and even then it must be 
further proved that w hat w as su. ered to exist three 
thousand years ago under peculiar circumstances, may 
be lawful now under totally different circumstances. 

Neither of these points, it is believed c:m be at ali es- 
tablished. 

There is a more summary way, "however, of driving 
slavery from its refuge under the woid ot <Jou which 
I w ish here to_ indicaie It is to bring the system into 
the light of some of the general una universal principles 
of the New Testament. It will be seen at once that the 
system of slavery must flee before them as thedarknesa 
before a meridian sun. 

Take first the pnnciqle's indicated by sueh passages 
as the following: "With what measure ye mete, it shai 
be measured to you again." Whatsoe ver a man sowetl . 
that shall he also reap." "Em ii ye forgive not men 
their trespasses, neither will your Father ioigive your 
trespases." 

Now what does Mr. Slaveholder mete out to his slave? 
Does he expect from Cod w hat he measures to God's 
image which he grinds to ihe earth with his iron heel/ 
There is one thing w hich God supremely values; it is 
the happiness of intelligent matures, 'lo promote thi . 
he has given existence to a rational creation; for this 
end only lie administers his nioial government; for the 
advancement- of this end he Las given Ins Sun to dh 
upon the cross; for this end the law" ol Ccd and ihe gos- 
pel of his Son were heralded hen. 1 cave n. He ha] pi- 
ness of his creatures is as the apple of God's eye which 
cannot be touched without- arousing the angry thunders 
which sleep behind his throne. Now slavery in its 
bold defianc oi God's will and iaw, tears from its subject 
ruthlessly, not only the happiness which inheres to the 
very constitution of human nature, but the very means 
w hich God has appointed to sweli and perpeiuaie the 
tide ofbliss. To possess the knowledge of God, is topos 
sess happiness in its purest form. 

Slavery says to its victims, "you shall not have the 
knowledge ol God nor of any thing else w hich can min- 
ister to your happiness; and if any one would ieaehyou 
to read he shall be fined $-500 for the first ofll nee, and 
be put to death for the seccond." Lnhappiness on the 
other hand, God is infinitely anxious to prevent. 

V\ hat a w orld of unhappiness does slavery give exis- 
tence to! Its horrors who can depict? As it cleaves dow n 
all the social relations, and breaks asunder w ith horrid 
violence, all the tender ties of heart to heart, what des- 
oiutiondose it leave in its path ! 

How can it be that slaveholders shall mete out such 
things, and then have eternal blessedness measured to 
them? Will Cod allow them to tow injustice' sor 
row, tears and anguish broad cast ali over theft plan ;. 
ions, and then to reap "pleasures forevermore at his 
tight hand."? Believe it who can. "Whatsoever a mart 
oweth, that shall he also reap." 

Again,' The great center truth and gospel fact brough 
ml in the New Testament, is equally at w ar w ith Sla 
ery. Thattruil i this: "Thou shah love ihy neighbc 
is thyself, "As ye would .that others should do to you 
■ o ye even so to litem." This principle illustrated it 
he life of christ and his disciples, makes it "more Lies 
ed lo give than to receive," so that when there wa 
teed, the disciples sold all and laid it at the aposile 
••et to be distril uted to tl osc w 1 o might v ant. It v r. 

g dry of Paul who only loved his neighbor as himst. . 
u Le t iOor that he might make many rich, to be in siripv.. 



mprisonrnenis, tumults, labor*, watchings, Ui.-,!ii.g/, J 

• ssiues, and distresses," that he might promote the wo! - 
fare of others. This is the spirit of the gospel of Christ. 

Has it any fellowship with, the spirit of slavery? Cn 
lie two walk together? Let the spirit of the gospel a. : i 
t is, be carried out and it would give freedom to every 
4ave 'n an hour. Every shackle and fetter would fall 
itfat once, ant 1 many would be made rich in the tr-~as- 
ures of blessedness and hope. The tongue of the dumb 
wouid sin/, streams would break forth in the deserts; in 
ihe land ot' slavery would be found "joy and gladness, 

• . a ikogiving and the voice of melody." 

Can it be that any thing less would result were the 
spirit of the gospel to take the place of the spirit of sla- 
very? We thiuk not. How Bishop Hedding ccuid evei 
itave said "the right to hold a slave is founded on this 
rule, Therefore all things whatsoever ye would «] at 
men should do unto you, do ye even so unto them;' we 
cannot conceive, unless he interpcted the rule as did an 
infidel once in our hearing. "I c heat others as much as 
I can and I want they should cheat me as much as they 
can". Could any man w isb himself made the victim o? 
..lave law s and slave-holding tyranny' Such, a man do^a* 
not exist. Then let him not enslave others or '■teach, men 
.«>,' at the peril oi his SOUL. 

.CT APK .SON. 



m 



Jaivies h. Fdl.K 

Tie D> mocrr t 1 Candidate fir the Presidency, has 
done so little as a public man, that we have not bee n 
able o say anything a! out him for good or evil, except 
that he voted in Congress against a bill abolishing t!v> 
Foreign Slave trace. As a private citizen, lie is ii, ; 
owner of about 100 slaves, thataie worked on his plan- 
tation in Alabama under an overseer, and treated as all 
other slaves are treated, where the object is, to get all 
out of them possible in the shortest space- oi time, witlj 
• he least possible return. . 

An article in another column, will show that lie is a 
human flesh monger ora& large scale; 43 slaves out of a 
gang oi 3t>0 (no'. ~0w) slav s on their way io the sugar 
; tov\ 'r.g regions, w here the average tHttatiun of the ■ 
of a slave is only 7 y aj>, v. eie .pun hasi d cf the ih ri 
oeratie candidate, and had been mark • i.e. 'a i.ot bn.a- 
bing iron on ihe shoulder whii the Ir. tia'p, 

J- Ik. p 

We appe al to all hone st L'emocia s to eh sort such a 
standaid of democracy, as unwoi'hy their support, and 
rally around the true Liberty standard. The eleva.n u. 
of such a man to the highes. ofliee in the gift of a free 
people, wili be a lasting disgrace to the nation, expose 
us to the scolis of the civilized world, &sum lion the vil- 
est system of oppression "that ever saw the sim." 



CLAY, FOLK and the TAB IFF. 
The Whigs call upon the Liberty Party to disband 
and vote for Clay in order to save ihe taiiif. We give be. 
low the views ot both Candidates upon that subjcci,and 
we defy any man to tell which most favors a tariff, 
CLAY. POLK.. 
Let the amount which I am in favor of a tar- 



ts requisite tor an econom- 
ical administration of the 
government when we are 
not engaged in war, be rai- 
ed exclusi ely on foreign 
imports; and in adjusting a 
tariff for that purpose, let 
such discriminations be ma 
ee as will foster and en 
'■ourage our own domestic 
'ndustry. All partie.- ought 
o be satisfied with a 
fr'for reve nue and discjim 
Dating for protection. — 

I Speech at I'a't igh, in 
Sat. June 29, l£w4. 



iff for revenue, sue? a or. - 
a» will yield a sumci-Ti; a.- 
nmunt to the treasure to 
defray the exp< ns.s oft! n 
government, eccuomi^aiiy 
administered. In adjusting 
the details oio re - enuo tar • 
ill", I ha» e hereiomre sai c- 
tioned snch moderate m>- 
ei iminatiijg duties as wouid 
produce the timount of rev- 
enue needed,, and at th-,- 
same time afford reasona 
1 ile prelection to our homr; 
industry.. — Letter io J. Ii. 
lichc. Jhuc 13, IS-J4. 



ionic KA'rs CoMltce. 
A friend in Cleavland writes, Antf 5!h: 

"Mr B.was a \ an Buren n an in 1840, but this fall 
• ill go for Birney and Al orris. He is not the oniy 
ne that will leave that party this election. 
Many others cano: go l'olk and La' las. The can.:.-. 
Libei ty is otiv arc; here. All wc have to do is to 
.lutli beiorc the people." — C,n. llxrijd. 



POETRY. 



For the Freemen. 
The Slave Bor. 

Mother the fields are bright and greet), 
And gay with flowers you see; 

The sun sheds jov and ligiu around, 
But all is gloom to me. 

My fetters they are fa6t and elrong, 

I am a poor slave boy, 
Toe voice of gladness never hear 

Or augnt of hope or joy. 

I never see my mother smile, 

i only trace the tear, 
Is it for me that thus you weep ? 

Speak, mother, let me hear. 

Oh shall we never see the light, 
Of freedom's dawning dav ? 

Is slavery then one endless night ? 
Oh mother, mother say. 

There is my boy, a God above, 
He marks our anguish w.ld, 

He sees our sorrows, hear* oar groans, 
And pities us, poor child. 

And to a band of nob e men, 
Strong hearted, free and brave, 

He's given n heart of pitying love, 
Tuey labor for the slave- 

And in their happv freemrn's home, 
They think of ih e and me, 

They'll break the bonds that feter us, 
Wc will, we sh i ! l be free. J. 



T-ie i>nn»>er tax in Massachusetts in IH41, was 
$20 ,00 '. La t y< ar it was re.luced :o $41,00". 
During the last four years. 31,00 'dm kardshave Iv-en 
reformed in that Staic. — Three years ;igo there were 
4o9 inmates of the poor house in Worcester, :VJas-. 
Last vear the numb-T was reduce t to eleven ! In con- 
si eration of this g «at redact ion of the. r pauper t-ix 
the towu vot' d $-'00 to he paid annually to the Wash- 
| ogion Society, together with the use ofa larye Hall, and 
j oti and fuel to w mil >ind ' ii»ht it. S-vera! other towns 



in Massachusetts h ve p: 



'ik • course;. They he- 
gin to see 'hat i' ia hotter for the public to pa\ i<ra H 
sum in order to eecu'-e peace, ha 'pi en- a iid prosperity, 
I h ai to be inert Enormously to sup ort paupers and 
i criminals; that It- is better to encourage virtue Aid in- 
1 dustry, than to paiitie< to idleness, immorality a id crime. 

Newark Tem/iercmce Adaocaie. 
Boontoniaa* will yon consider tl is? This is er-on- 
\-o\n\ worth solving. 
' reap if you faint not. 



Persevere in reform, jon Wiil 



fyf* '( is stated in the *st <n uual report of the British 
Nation il Tempera nee Society 'hat the diminution of 
• ia.t made in Qreut Brit i iu and Ireiandduriu^l • last 
six years w*e .5 percent. The deer a-,e in rum t e 
I i-i t Tee y ttr>, »»\ . 6 per oejit. — in wines 'J 2 pei 
cent. — in French B a dy, n two years, (4 do. a>.d 
Geneva, 3 percent. In I eland, wh akey has dimin- 
ished one n .lf — and S.S 0 b er shops .a^e b • . eloie 

thin a lew y nrs. 1 he number oftetutailers in Greai 
Britain is estimated at 1,000,000. The propo&jpu of 
p edg d clergy oen is about 12 in every hundred ! It 
w i>s at d at the ui< e ing :.bove alluued '0, as a'lamen 
t .ble fact, that o0 i)0n of their fello ( mor als perish ev- 
ery year. — Newark Temperance Advocate. 



"Well, wife, this is too horrible ! I cannot continue 
this buiusiness auv longer. 

Why, cleir, what's the matter now ? 

Oh. such a dream sueh a rattli g of d»a ' mpn's bo'ies, 
such an army of s<arved mort :'s, «o m mv mmderer-, 
such cries and sh>ie<Ran 1 veils, and such horrid gnash 
ing oft'eti a n t glaring of eves, an i sue - Mazing h> , 
and such devils, O ! cannot endure i 1 ! Mv hair si and- 
on end, and I am so fi'lad with horror lean scarcely 
spe-tk. O i, if ever I sell ru n again ! 

My dear, you are frightened. 

Yes. indeed, am I, another such anight will I not 
pass, for wo - 1 is. 

Mv dear, perhaps — 

Oh, don't t:ilK to m-*. 1 am determined to b*vo noth- 
ing more to do wit > ru n, in how. Do yon thfnlt, Tom 
Wilson came to me with his throat cnt fr jm e ir :o e n, 
and such a horrid g is i. and it was so h ird for him te 
speak a id so much hlood, and, sa d he, see h re Joe, 
the result o" you<' rum s-'l i ig. My blood ch I ed a' 'he 
sight, and jus' ih'ii the ho ise seemed to be 'u' ed bot- 
tom ua, th ■ earth ooened ind a I "tie imp took m ■■ h> 
the hand saying, follow me. A- I went, gr in d-vii- 
held out to n3 cups of d iid fire, saving, drink t is 
I dared not refuse. E.erv draught -et oie in a ia e, 
Serpents hissed on e;vh side, in from sb-»»e reached 
down their heads awd whis-aered, rumsei.lek. Oh, an • 
on the imp ltd me through a narrow ass, All at once 
hep aused and s;i'd. a you DRY ? Yes 1 repli d Th n 
he struck a vtKp door with bis font ::nd ''own, dov»n we 
wcni, and legions of fie"y sc p nis rushed in after us. 
whispering, rumsei.ler. ru.mss'.t.eii. A' 1 ngHi *«• 
stopiel a again, and tne imp asked hie as before, are 
ypa dry ? Yes. 1 renlied. He then 'ouch d a apring- 
a door flew open. W tat a sight. Their wer tho - 
s ir.ds, aye iiilho is of ohl worn o it r i ti- 'rink ts er n 
mo -.t piteous! v rum, ram, give me some nun ! Whi 
t'iey sa* me, they stopped a moment to see who I w is 
T ieu 'h ; imp crie font, so as to make a'l shake again, 
Rum.sem.ur! and hurling roe in, shu t e door'. Tor a 
mo iient they fix ;i f rocions ( yes unon me' and the' 
uttere 1 in a r.nited yell — damv him ! — which tilie'l \\\- 
wita such u> ror I awok-\ There, ui e, die m or no 
dreun, 1 wi I never sell another dro|> of ihe infe'in 
stuff. I will ii) longer be accessory to the misefie. 1 
that coins upon me:: in consequence of the tr.tfic i'i i: 
tox cat eg drinks. I »v<H tuA.-MtrMbitrr Wmtk : a '>'")»' 

Ilolia.i j — I'll s • a a dtans o t .• he.tthe • eoriJ, w i 
i-hij) Lion-, JfcUeph nts Slc. Those of c r stian Anicrici 
wo'thio coons ami fox?.s and poik statfn; Wh t a ditto:- 
one . m fivnr of ihos • whn «•;• ;n /.)//.••/•:• • .•>;.'.". 



Drinkiiig and bnioking. 

If wou'd be a profitable bu-iness to go through the 

United S aies and see if the men tha' now ro.is .me 
intttxicatmg drinks are not ale ost entirely the me 
tha' s . oke ; a id, if the on vice is not so , oeuec ed With 
; ie otie r t at to suppr<;ss d i k ug in !he rising een- 
■. e.t on it is a eoiut lv necess-.r. to mike a boll and 
gene a' t tlo t ; o suppr'ss smoL rng. " W- do notbel ve. 
that wiiile our"Vouug men and b" . s a.re tr uie in such 
• x ratai ant habits >t s okfiig, we can elfeotual y f's en 
npon t e uaiion the temperance refor ation. And il 
th i* is so. wiil not lemp rui e 'oen for he good of the 
cause, themselves renoun ce lh> tilthy we'^d? 

Temperance Journal. 



A drunken wa<» in >ew York was leaning against 
the wall of a chu ch, when a pa serby accost d him — 
•■[-'V, s r-iuger. oo you '.'1 ng t n tc |l«eh1"Np," 
was the rep y 'but I am leuninj that wa, !" 

Advocate 



O'w of the best acts of the hist sessiou of Cong- 
ress i law prohibiting the purchase of Wine ^ur the 
President's Cellar. 



(i^ Friends of Temperance s and to veur integrity, 
Re-ware, of he temoter, le-t in this • perilous times, >ou 
er vonr neighbor tall. 

It i< no, les^onaWV 'rue that Wine, Beer and ( ie'er 
■ re m .k ng more drunkard-', an I doing more mischief 
bv forming depriv d appelitee, an.l pernetuating the e 
vils ofdi'unktnni ss.than turn, brandy and giuaitogethi r. 



A npiioPRi ate. — The Clay e'ectorol ticket juf Kef 
■iickv* is h> aued by William «I Gtu^nf, the man wh 
murdered Cilley. — Morning Chronicle. 



APPEAL TO THE PUBLIC. 

Two respec able citizens of Massachuset'S are lying 
in Southern j , il-., loaded w.tii irons, on a charge ol aid- 
ing suffering fellow men in th -iratt mpts to csca|.e from 
cruel bondage; JONATHAN WALKER belongs to 
Hardwick, ('ape Cod. and has bet n engaged in thecoast* 
ing trade. He is a mm of unblemished character, a mem- 
ber of the Bantist Chnrch, and an hone>t and industri- 
ni9, thoug h poor man. He lias a wile a> d large famaly 
r*f children. The anneaed letter tet his story. He now 
i-o in prison at Peuacoia, waiting iiis trial, without 
funds tocmplov counsel, and his family are destit te — 
CHARLES T. TORREY is a Coii .r". gational minis- 
ter, in gr.od and ri ^u ar standing. Ht v.as successor 
otheRev. Dr. Ctteener ol'ihiscitv, in t ie pas'nr il 
charge ofa church in Sa'om, Mass. and has since been 
an auti.sUveiy and i d tor. His grandfather was the 
Hon. ('has Turner, formerly memb r of congress, and 
he marrie d n daughter of the Rev. Dr. Id -. He In s a 
wi'e r.n i three children depending on him for Support. 
He now lies in Baltimore, jail; An appaal to the public 
oas been made in Boston oil bi half of Mr. Torre\; and 
•vith the fun Is contributed council h ive been retained. 
A still larger amount is n 'tes-ary for his defence and 
he co mmittee making rbis appeal will act in concur, 
euce with the commit , e in B si n. 

Friends of Religion^ Humanity 3 Frctdom and the Con- 
stitution! 

.Shall l wo of your fellow-citizens, respectable and wor- 
thy men, who visited t e S mih on lawful business, be 
seized, at the instigation of slave-traders: be thrust into 
1 a lis me jails, b 'liable, to conviction on the tesumon / 
of nte.i«sted oi- perjured witnesses, and te exposed to j 
dr g out the.r days in stite jiristm for the sa^e oI'Liber- 
ty / In the case of Capt. VV • Iker, 'he alleged offence was 
committed, it ai all in a Territory of the United St->t- s 
rtlnre Slavery dees not constitutionally- xs : and in the 
ease of Mr.T' trvy he. is under indictment in the State 
of Maryland ai d Vitg n ia at the same time, and there- 
fore denied the pri> ile .e of bail miner t e laws of one 
•r hot of those States, contrary, as is though bv euu- 
ent Northern Lawyets to (be Constitution o: the United 
St tes. You ate earnestly appealed in for eoutrTbutioiis 
on behalf of Jonathan Walker and Charles T. Torrey, 
nid their afflicted families, ihat able counsel may be 
employed to argue the great constitutional questions in- 
volved in these cases: thflt'BOituble agents may be sent 
to Pensacola an-i Baltimore to befriend and aid our in- 
carcerated fellow oil z ns, and thai every judici usa-d 
I -wfir measure mav be taken to pr-went their '-ouv tiou, 
a t \ enty years' impri-oi ment, and the continued an- 
guish and suffering of their wives and little ones. I n view 
oi the r.alual nyhts of man, of the honor of onrcoun. 
trv, of th -Declarat oa tVf"Indepe.ildaric«, of the eonstiiu- 
tion, and of our Holy R li fion; we appeal to y>uto con- 
tribute liberally tor the i urposes earned, and "the t.'ess. 
ingsofhim that was ready to perish" will come upon > eu. 

Money can b left w ith Lewis Tap pan New Yo<k 
City, or with the following gentlemen in New Jersey. 

Thomas V Johnsen, Newark, 

John Grin es Bofttttou/j 

Wright Flint il Pa teis .n, 

Dr. Charles F. Clark, Woodbury, Gloucester Co., 

.Tab.-z L Alien, Dover Morns County, 

Abijali Wilfson Warn n County. 
The gentleman designated are requested to give a 
wide circulation to this appeal, ued editors of newspa- 
pers are solicited lo g ve it one or more insertion-:. 

Tin letter of Mr. Walker above referred to, will he 
r . .o<i i-, another co'umn. 



Rumsku.frs Beware. Mora] mn-sion for t' e 

Irunkard; and Le_ r i' suasio-ti for the drunkard maker, 
tppears lo be the order at-d d. c rine of the Teetotallers 
hiwn east." In M.is-achus.-t 1 ? the pauper manufac- 
l-trers are an-este 1 y scores in their Befa,riona bosj, eas, 
They fiiid t'ai they'c. nno' mo on scatterin.' "fire 
■ratis, ariows and death." The law appears inde'i tl 
ha' it has bi ftlie been but in 1 t'er; and says to th • 
ile trafficker in wo* and wretchedness, c- ast: your dj 
oraliziug, puupeiiziug, and ran rderiHg btis.n- s • 



§ty. Qukre? Ho v many distillates docs i' r- qnh-' 
i suj-pK a HomoepdXfuc Physician with hkohul "fo 
.c. i'-i n.il purposes?" 



NOTICE. 

A Liberty Mass Meeting Will be held in n grove 
in Boon ton, on Saturday October f>ih. At 3 o'c'o. lc, 
I'. M. Samuel 1. Dorrance Esq, and others will ad- 
dn ss the itiecting. Good music will he secured. 

Ladies and Gi nilemeu of all parties are invited to 
atn nd. Shoul 1 the weather prove unpleasant the mcit- 
ng will be held in the Fice Church. 

By order of. the Boouton Liberty Assticia ion. 

('. B. Norr a, Sect. 

: v - ■ i is is ny lust crop 1 as said uh- culprit Woom 
ram had brought to fhe gallows. 







VOL. I. 



BOONTOJV, OCTOBER 26, 1811. 



NO. G. 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
JOoontan, Morris County, J\ew Jersey. 

TERMS. 

Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afford 
to pay postage. 

For the Freeman. 

Slavery, its influence on Oppressor and Oppressed. 

in the winter 1842, I left my home in Massachusetts 
to reside for a few months with & friend dial had mar- 
ried a Southerner and emigrated to South Carolina. 
I remembered my Cousin as a warm hearted affection- 
aie gin, e\er consulting the happiness of those arounti; 
and when I learned that she was Mistress of a large 
number of slaves, I feared not for their comfort and wel- 
fare, little dreaming in my ignorap.ee and simplicity, 
that slaveholding would completely change the whole 
chaiacter and deportment; for how can the law of iove 
and kindness be exemplified in a heart tliat is fully de- 
determined to oppress and destroy its fellow, or how can 
there be any regard for the feelings or convenience ot 
other*, when the sentiment, that it is "only my slave," 
governs every action, and upon its influence 1 need not 
continent. Often have I seen a poor trembling creature 
writhing under blows inflicted by the delicate hands of 
her misti ess, for some trilling act of remissness, the re- 
sult of ignora nee, until my blood boiled ut witnessing 
such acts ol :njustice, and^jdl my remonstrances could 
only elicit the one answer, "it is my slave," just as if 
an a)!-v, ise creator had framed one portion of the work 
of His Ii<md 1 to be crushed to the earth, the recipient 
of ail injustice; my friend added with a countenance ot 
the most perfect indifference, "why 1 had my cook 
whippet! most severely yesterday for delaying the din- 
ner , she said that she was sick, but I well knew it was 
only an excuse to get off from work, you cannot believe 
one word they say. I made no answer, but i thought 
as 1 contrasted the arrogant, overbearing deportment of 
my friend, with the amiability and lovliness that charac- 
terized her early years, that God had hardened her heart 
even as he did the heart of Pharaoh, in his just displeas- 
ure. 

My friend had a little son of some four years old, and 
w ith proper training he would have been a fine little 
fellow; but the §entirnent, "this is all mine," and "this 
is my slave," was early inculcated, and I need on'y say 
that the slaveholder of four years was a tolerably fair 
specimen of what he would be at forty. Master Char- 
ley's constant attendant was about two years his senior 
and his bright intelligent eye and active movements die 
not lead me to suppose that the darker coloring of his 
skin had deprived him of any of the gifts of intellect or 
reason. His mother was employed as a house servant, 
and I became much interrested in her sad pensive face, 
and the air of sorrowful dejection that pervaded her 
whole appearance. Tell me not that the slave mother 
is indifferent to her offspring; tell me not that the warm 
gushings of maternal love have subsided within her 
breast; if there is an intensity of love that cannot be 
measured, that cannot be fathomed, it is that which ex- 
ists in the heart of the poor slave. I said to her one day 
as I met her in the hall, Yorick is a fine boy, "Oh yes!" 
she exclaimed, and the eyes of the poor creature filled 
with tears, "but he may be sold to-morrow," and her 
fears were too true, for at dinner a gentleman w as intro- 
duced, a planter from Louisiana and my heart misgave 



me as I saw him wathcing the active movements of the 
boy, for I well knew the almighty dollar possessed 
sovereign influence and 1 felt assured that the feelings 
of parent and child would not be consulted where gold 
was the object. I saw the boy torn from the arms of 
his half distracted mother; I saw her raving in the anguish 
of her grief, or silent in mute despair; and alas! I could 
give her no consolation, I could only point her to that 
better land, w 7 here distinction of color is not recognized 
and where it is immaterial what con pit x;on an Indian 
or an African sun may have burned on the pilgrim. 
Oh my heart is breaking when I think of the wrongs, 
the injustice that they suffer, and I call upon the La- 
dies of the North to espouse their injured cause, upon 
your sex does this evil fail so heavily — cast aside your 
prejudices, they are unworthy of you, reflect on this 
object, judge for Yourselves, and I think the kindly 
sympathies of your natures will lead you to act nobly 
and justly. Think not that if you were placed in my 
friend's situation you would still retain your feelings of 
kindness and affection. We are but frail human beings 
and soon learn to oppress those completely within our 
power; tyranny and selfishness are plants that thrive 
well in the genial soil of slavery: it is impossible to 
meddle with fin: and not be burnt d. D. 



A SLAVE AUCTION. 



A correspondent of the Freemen's Advocate and Jour- 
nal, travelling in Louisiana, and who is no Abolitionist, 
gives the following account of an auction held at Ray- 
mond, near Vicksburg ? 

li la the practice here for the Sheriff to sell property 
on which executions have been levied, in front of the 
Court-House, on the first day oi" the session of the court, 
and the citizens of the county in great numbers gene- 
rally assemble on that day. Among the property to be 
sold on this occasion, w ere some twenty ot thirty men, 
women, and children, taken in satisfaction of execution 
by the Sheriff, and 1 saw t}it- effects of Slavery in a new 
form. A young woman was first placed upon the bench, 
in the midst of the crow d, w ell dressed, modest and neat 
in her appearance, and recommended as a good hone 
servant, and sold for $5G0 ; and another, in a conditio" 
which ought to have prevented her exposure, was pre- 
sented to th e public gaze, and sold for about the same 
sum. A man, about forty years of age, described as an 
excellent blacksmith, well skilled in His trade, was then 
sold ; and immediately after him, his wife and three lit- 
tle children were placed upon the stand, and a scene 
of most, painful interest, ensued. Finding the gentle- 
man who had become his pui chaser, he urged him with 
most anxious solicitude to buy his family ; and as the 
bids for his w ife and children were received successively 
from different persons by the Sheriff', and chances of a 
separation set met) to preponderate, his countenance in- 
dicated a heart swelling with painful emotions; and as 
he could not endure the probable fate which awaited 
him; he again spoke to his new master, recounting 'he 
valuable qualities of his wife. The bids already made 
by others were regarded excessive, and his purchaser re- 
fusing to raise upon the sum offered, the fatal w ords, 
"Three times, and gone" announced his separation from 
the object of his affection, by their becoming the prop- 
erty of another. As they came dow n from the stand, he 
advanced to his wife with a downcast look, and remark- 
ed, "Well, Sally, we are separated;" an annunciation 
which at once drew tears from her eyes. Seeing their 
feelings, the purchaser of the man — a gentleman of 
high character and whose bid was nude without a 
knowledge that he had a family — immediately announ- 
ced to the Sheriff" his wish to relinquish his purchase 
assigning as a reason his unwillingness to be the means 
of separating the man from his family, and pre.sumiug 
that the owner of the woman and children would, on a 



second sale, become his purchaser. He w as agam put 
upon the stand, but there were those present in whose 
hearts there w a.^ no sympathy for revered affections, to 
the sacrifice of the chance of a favorable purchase of a 
valuable blacksmith, and the re-sale only inflicted new 
pan^s in the bosoms oi this family, by the revival and 
disappointment of new hopes. He was again struck oil" 
us the- purchase oi another. 

A woman, with two children, one an infant in her * 
arms, were then sold ; and then two other children of 
the same mother, a little boy and a little girl, were sold 
separately, amid the ant-cling cries of the mother at the 
thought of parting w ith her children. A hale girl, 
bout thirteen years old, and nearly as white as any one 
present, was then placed upon the platform, and struck 
off to the highest bidder at £350. The sale continued 
till these human beings were &11 sold to satisfy the de- 
mands of execution creditors. Ant-Slavery Standard. 

Injustice to the North ' 

If all sense of self-preservation and self-respect has 
not perished within the breast of northern freemen, the 
following facts w ill arouse them to a sense of the menial 
position to w hich they are reduced in the relations of 
our government. Such sectional favoritism is glaringly 
infamous. Shame upon thesppw of the Puritans if they 
submit tp it without effort. No matter to w hich party 
you belong, citizens, cast your votes no more &r sou In- 
ert slaveholders. We merely mention a few facts, 
which are true of the present slate of things hi the Gov- 
ernment; saying nothing about the last two years. 
The register of the Navy shows that among the officers 
there are from Maine 33, New Hampshire 30. Massa- 
chusetts 76, Rhode Island 23, Connecticut 35, Ver- 
mont eighteen, New-York I 1 "' 1 .', Nt-w Jersey t •,*, 
Pennsylvania 1<>4, Delaware 19, Maryland 118, 
Virginia 221, North Carolina 41 , South Carolina 1<>, 
Georgia 29, Kentucky 21, Tennessee 10, Ohio 23, 
Louisiana 15, Indiana 13, Mississippi 3, Illinois 2, Al- 
abama and Missouri 3, Michigan 55, Maryland haslISj 
or 1 in 10 37, while she is entitled to 1 in 33. 

Virginia has 1 to 5-70 while she is entitled to 1 in 
14, 13-ldths, Maryland with 8 Representatives kw 
118 officers. Maine w ith 8 Representatives has but 
33 office-is. Massachusetts with 12 Representatives 
has 24 midshipmen. The District of Columbia has so 
Representative-s but 25 Midshipmen. 

Maryland with eight votes in congress, counting ne- 
groes and alt, has 40 appointments, while New-York & 
Ohio with near 4,000, U00, and 49 votes have only K>, 

Massachusetts furnishes 4000 seamen, and Las 77 of- 
ficers, in all the Navy. 

Virgnia furnishes 85 seamen and has 227 officers. 

Now how does this inequality occur ? certainly not 
by accident. Why does the northern Congressmen sub- 
mit to this unequal and oppressive managt men!? The 
answer is obvious — it is the base servility of northern 
demagogues and dough faces, to southern bravadoes, 

The northern laborers have so long been accustomed 
to remain silent unc^er the* things, or to join in with 
one or the other of the parties to "keep it out of poli- 
tics" that it is a kind of second nature to them to fed 
submissive under the most fragrant insult and injustice. 

And if the south demands, as she has just done again, 
that the Presidents should both be southern slaveholders, 
w hy it must be dont — and the liee voters of the h 
seem to he zealous to put the first wreath upon the 
brow of oppression. 

The Liberty Parly, seeing these things, is trying U 
awake the people to a sense pf their condition. Ir'th< \ 
succeed our count) y is safe. Jf they fail all is lost, 
It is for the interests of all, that the Liberty Partv 
succeed. Syracuse Democratic i'reeman. 



\ 

\ 



i 



THE NEW -TTIXSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOONTu.v OCTOTJW 5R TW4t 



L-t us throw oti'ihe lawk^Wi c B on-.- «i. bese, 
and the world will see through it. It will not do thus to 
talk like philosophers, and act like unrelenting tyrants: 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our tex 
and actual oppression for our commentary. 

Wm. Pinckney, of Mnryland. 



In all things that have beauty, there is wooing to man 
more comely than LIBERTY MiUin, 



LIBERTY TICKET. 

For President, 

JAMES G. ijlUXEY, 

' OF MICHIGAN. 
For Vice President, 

THOMAS MORRIS. 

OF OHIO. 
For Electors., 
DARIUS WELLS, 
JAMES HOWE. 
THOMAS V. JOHNSON, 
ALEXANDER H. FREMAN 
STEPHEN GRIMES. 
ALEXANDER BLACK, 
SAMUEL HALL. ^ 



nrefference for Mr. Folk urn d for the Loco-Foco poliq 
generally.'" . . 

On the ocasion referred to, I gave no opinion on the 
general policy of the DesnocmttQ party; nor did I speab 
of any preference that I had, as between Mr. Clay anc 
Mr. Polk; but I spoke of tbcm both, as I always 
have, as utterly objectionable. I expressed the opinion 
that 1 now repeat— that I bad but little fear of it. 
should Mr Polk be elected; but a good deal should Mr. 
Ciay be elected. I placed my fears on ihe ground, tha 
Mr! Clay, as well as Mr. Polk, had expressed himself 
[favorably to annexation, and that he could and would 
lead his partv, whilst Mr. Polk was incompetent to lead 
his: 1 considered Mr. Clay as the adroitest, as well as 
boldest, party tactician we have; whilst Mr. Polk had 
snow n no extraordinary skill and had comparatively lit- 
tle experience in party management. 

If I ave heen nominated for the Legislature of M-chi- 
qan by the Democrats of the County in which I reside, it 
has been since 1 left home. My relation to the Liberty 
party and my uncompromising opposition to both the 
other parties -is as well understood there as elsewhere. 
If. then., I have been nominated by any portion of my 
countrymen, it has been neither as a Democrat nor as a 
j Wnio-." But as I have received no official or authorita- 
tive notification of such nomination, it would be prema- 
I ture in me now to take any farther notice of it. 

Respectfully, &c. James G. Birney. 



i 



THii DESPERATION OF THE Wiiiuo. 
Every day brings fresh .evidenceof the reckless despe- 
ration of the whigs, and their tutler disregard of truth in 
laboring for the election of Henry Clay— their mean 
Hostility to the abolitionists while professing to be in fa- 
vor of hVaty. is without a parallel. They take every 
possible ranm? to coinpl US to CCeme to their relief and 
-bring our whole party with us, and abuse us because we 
do not do so; knowing at the <amc. time that our party 
is composed of men from both the other parties, that a 
.large minority, to say the least, of liberty men, are from 
jimong the democrats, and should we dissolve, they 
would either not vote at all or return to their old party. 

The whig editors know that all over the "country, demh 
ocrats even by the hundred are constantly deserting their 
party, to go for Birney and Liberty, and these editor* 
are publishiug these facts -with great exultation, and 
still go on abusing us because they say we are injuring 

the prospects of the slaveholder and duelist, Clay — and 
descend to the mean est measures and basest falsehoods 

to carry their points and get the abolitionists to go for 
.their party. 

We once thought the Editor of the Tribune above 
such meanness, but we have given him up as destitute 
of common honesty in these matters. If he, and the 
whig editors generally have any governing principles, 
they must be, "that all i fair in politics," and "the end 
■justifies the means." We believe that every cause is 
bad and should cerae touought, that cannot be sustained 
by honest means. 

One of the most wilful and wicked misrepresentations 
now going the rounds of the whig papers, Mr. 
Greely m the front rank, is, that there has been a coali- 
tion between Mr. Barney and the Loco foeos of Mi obi - 
wan; that Birney has heen nominated by an' 1 with hi:- 
own consent, to do their work in the Legislature, and 
give his inflttmce for Polk, with the understanding that 
he if to have a share nf tee spoils. 

Mr. Greely has thrown his charge in an ungenerous 
manner before, the Co intry, aceompaei d wirft so'rriu< 
that is utterly false and abusive, that Mr. Birney. who 
is now on a tour in New England has writt n tlv follow 
ing letter, which we think is enough to silence any hon- 
est uian on that subject. 



Letter atom James G. Birney. 

j\Y.w.Y<or«,Oct. H, 184* 
To the'Kd'Uv of Th« Tribune: 

Your paper at this morning con'ohs a s'n'-m . 
which i wish ie con-eel. 1 is, that, on my pa'ssa; 
from Uelroit to Jmi«ub, J" did not h'.shuie to aeow i- 



As to Birney's nomination for the Legislature of 
; Michigan by the Loco-Focos of his country, we ask ev - 
ery reader to mark well his evasive language, and judge 
i whether we are not justified in our conviction that there 
I is -a - ell understood coalition between the Loco-Focos 
and Third Parly Abolitionists to defeat Mr. Clay and di- 
vide the spoils between them. Does any man believe 
that the J.oco-Focos of Saginaw have nominated James 
G. Birney to represent them without au understanding 
and a clear stipulation of reciprocal service? We cannot. 

[Ed. Tribune. 
Mr. Greely knows that the charge he makes is false 
and his conclusions unfair. 

There is nothing in Mr. Birney's letter that is evasive, 
on the contrary it is a clear and unequivocal denial of 
what Mr. Greely says — it has hohosty stamped on the 
face of it, such as is not to be found in any of the letters 
of Mr. Clay, and we are clear in the belief that Mr. 
Greely does not himself believe the ebarge of coalition on 
the part of Mr. Birney with the loco locos for any put- 
pose whatever; yet he fills his paper with this sort of 
slang to help into office a man that cannot, be got in by 
honest means. 

The whig papers generally are. fallowing in the same 
train giving clear proof that they tremble for their 
Slave holding & Duelling Candidate. 

The Newark Sentinal contains numerous falsehoods 
about coalition of Birney and the abolitionists with loco 
foeos.. and we believe the editor of that paper knows 
they are false: but it is in perfect keeping with the spir- 
it of the whig press generally in relation to this matter. 

We will give another letter of Mr. Birney which we 
♦rust will set the matter right in every honest man's 
mind. 

Another Letter from James G. Birney. 

Hamden, Conn. Oct. 10, 1844 
To the editor of the Tribune: 

I have just now seen in the Tribune of to-day an ar. 
tide headed "Coalition of Janes G. Birney with the 
Polk party." The charge of coalition rests on the fact, 
that 1 have been nominated for the Legislature of Mich- 
igan by a Democratic convention, and that I assented to 
its being done. 
The following is all, of substance, that is necessary \t 
•xphtin the transaction: 

During my absence from home, last year, in New 
England, it was proposed in the Whig Convention o 
rhe county in Which I resid e to nominal m ■ for tb 
i »isfetuVe The nomination, however, was not mad 
on the ground, fte I wa.. infornaod, that 1 mi-jrht nqf 1 
rising, to si rve it" elected, and that the county; in thai 
•vent, would he out to th- 1 ;o b1 : md expends of boh' 
: n . r anofh-r el< "turn. B -'mg asked, on my return 

whether 1 wou'd have s~rv >d Imd I been elected, I r 
alifd that I would; that as e V ->ry vot-r in the coup 
knew that I was an abolitionist — a to \mbey o!' th ■> L 
■rty party, and opposed to both the other |>arties — f< 
' h'adus-vl evry prop r o -a-ion, publicly and private IV 
0 expose th"ir sn&ithful'n J ss— J would r egard my tfli c 
tion as coming from the people, irrespective <S party. 
Last spring and summer complaints of mismana ; -m 
m the part of the county authorities were made by b. 



p-ople of the county. 1 thought the complaints were 
I list. The persons most implicated Were 01 bom .he 
Whig and Democratic parties. A public meeting was 
neld to take into consideration the charges. 1 presented 
die facts of the case to the meeting; and supported a set 
01 resolves enibodying ihe sentiment* of die meeting m 
relation to them. The course i took met with the appro- 
bation of those who were present and of those who were 
lloL — excepting, very likely, the parties implicated and 
their near iriends. 

The same evening I reviewed before a large assembly, 
(unbracing nearly all wiio had been in the county meet- 
ing just men; ioned, the course of the Democratic and 
Whig parties, as connected with ihe cause of human 
liberty — with the just claims of the JNorth, and the in- 
tegrity of the Constitution- This review, could of course 
be nothing else than severe; yet no one, save it might oe 
the party lBunagers, found lault with it; and this, because 
the facts were true- - the treatment candid and impartial. 

It was after this that the wish was expressed o_, p -r- 
sons of both parties that 1 should represent the t oui.-y 
in the Legislature, i was applied to, to say that I 
would serve if elected. My uniform answer — from 
whatever quarter the application came — was, thai if 
the. people of the County, with the full knowledg which 
they possessed of my opinions, w ished me to serve them 
1 would do it. 1 told them moreover, that 1 should re- 
gard my election as proof that the people intended to 
put an end to the pernicious party contests, by which 
their own peace and the interests of the county had 
been so long marred. 

Although 1 have been nominated by my Democratic 
neighbors, no one in the county would have spoken of 
me°as of that party had not the cue been given by the 
wire-workers of the Whig party — especially by the 
originator of the coalition story, the Deunit Adveitiser, 
a print that has spared neither fact nor fiction to win 
over the Liberty party m Michigan to die support of the ■ 
Whigs, by weakening their confidence in me. A spcc-l 
imen of its recklessness may be seen in the statement *ia-j 
nsferred to the Tribune — that if my conference v tk' 
General Hascal at Flint were divulged, it would doubt- 
less disclose, that my mission to the Fast was undertaken 
at die instance of the Loco Focos, as well as leading Ab- 
olitionists of New York, though cloaked under the pre- 
tence of a visit to my so?) residing in Com I nei- 
Ihere saw general Haskell when 1 was at Flint, nor have. 
1 ever exchanged with him a dozen words on any mat- 
ter of parly politics. This is all fiction. Whatever I 
have done lias been done openly: and I absolve from 
every obligation of secrecy all persons u ith whom I 
have conversed on matters pertaining to public men or 
party measures. 

Part of die article in The Tribune is a letter signt d 
by A. P. Davis of Flint, in Michigan. — He professes to 
have, discovered the clue to my "inveterate hostility" 
to Mr. Clay, in the aforesaid nomination, and in the fact 
of my first marriage having been into the Marshall fam- 
ily. — Now it turns out that my first marriage was not 
into the Marshall family, ami that that family, in Ken 
tucky, are, with two exceptions, so far a^ I have heard! 
favourable to the election of Mr. Clay— The cha:g of 
inveterate hostility to Mr. Clav — if it me an any] 
thing more than political opposition — is wholly imagittj 
ary. I have no reasons for opposing Mr. Clay on perJ 
sonal grounds. On the contrary the interroursa we 
have had has been of the most friendly character. ! 
oppose his election, because he disbeli-ves the great po- 
litical truths of the Declaration of Ind- p -nclence, the 
foundation of all just Goverment, and beeawe he repu-< 
bates the paramount objects of the Union, die perpefl 
nation of liberty to all. On the same ground I opp~* 
die election of Mr. Polk. But I more deprecate the 
ection of Mr Clay — because, possessing abilities sup-ri 
or to Mr. Polk's, he would proportionally weaken th« 
inflnence of those truths on the minds of our coutt 
trymeti! 

Respectfully, Sfe. 

JAMES G. BIRNEY. 
P. S. The only direct infomatinn I have had 

voting this nomination has heen conveyed to me 
nember of the Whig party residing at Sac r aw in 
*r hist, received. His language, shews at mj 1 
a ion to the Legislature is not owing tu ffc) 
meut. He says, "I think you may make ujj • 
, spend this winter in Detroit, for the 
; sh of a good number of both parties " 



ni 



Al houest enquiiers after truth wiW read 1 
-.-iter, and hoot down the stories about cna ition 
•.iv not mistaken, the. whigs wdl ose many vot* 
ieh* shameful conduct in this ma.ier. 



"Virs. Cilley, whose husband v •• 

raves at the instigation ot Henrj 
Maine 



»HM4l I . Jtgjrtaaga 



The Maryland Election. 
The "taction in Marj Laid has terminated in favor or 
ihe Whigs by a popular majority of 600; and in the Le 
_gislature a Whig .majority oF 46. Now as all -i 
papers in the North tell us that (he Whig party is ihr 
true Liberty party, may we not expect I hat Slater's 
slave-jail will he demolished, and the doors dfTorrey's 
-dungeon thrown open? Middlesex Standard 



"He who enslaves the blw-k to-day. will enslave the 
Irishman to-morrow- , the Dutchman, next day, and thi 
Anglo American the day after." — C. M. Glay. 

What a character for Cass i us to give of his distin- 
guished namesake at Ashland! Yet he would have 
Liberty men vote for such a man. Signal of Liberty. 

James K. Polk — The story published in our last of 
J. H. folk's 43 branded slaves, tnrns out to be a forge- 
ry. We copied -it from a whig paper, and we believe 
the story originated in Western New York. 

The whigs say it was manufactured by a democrat, 
and the democrats say it was *lone by a whig; how i 
was we shall not stop to enquire, but as the story prows 
•a forgery, we make the correction as we shall always 
i do in like cases. 

Inasmuch as branding slaves with a hot iron, with the 
initials of the owners names, is a frequent practice a1 the 
South, we did not think it strange that J. K. Polk should 
treat his in the same. manner. Mr. Polk, however, is 
still a slaveholder, a trallicker in human flesh, a buyer 
and seller of men, women and children, a -mvierer of 
all family ties — one who compels the poor to vvbrk and 
aoil their lives through under (he lash without page's! 

Dt-mocrats, can you vote for such a man'' 



USES OK OUR t\ A VY. 
1st. To afford berths to gentlemen's suns in the 
South. 

2d. To take care of "domestic institutions." 
3d. To give chase to runaways from our Southern 
roast. 

4th. To prevent Greai Britain from acting too effi- 
ciently for the suppression of the African slave-trade. 

5th. To subserve the scheme oif the American Col- 
onization Society, and furnish reports in its favor. 

oth. To supply writers in favor of Slavery, — Am. 
Freeman. 



Hon. William Jay, in a letter kithe Cincinnati Her- 
ald says: 

"Under existing circumstances, I regard the Liberty 
party as the most effectual weapon we cah wield againsl 
slavery. I have no confidence in Mr. Clay, and Mi 
Webster, in the affair of the Creole, acted as the humble 
tool of the slaveholders. He and Mr. Clay a ill both bo 
in favour of admitting Texas the moment the;' fmti s irh 
a measure aahantaneous to their par'i/. As to the Dem- 
ocratic party, they are full of putrefying sore*, from he 
crown of the head to the soles of the feet. A present^ 
our only hope under God, is in the Liberty party." 

This is the language of a man against whom calum- 
ny has never spoken — & man of acknowledged -* enl 
and exalted mjral character — the worthy son of an il- 
lustrious American patriot. Let eveiy Liberty mar re- 
member it. "UNDER GOD, OUR ONLY HOPE 

IS T' v THF TIRERTY PARTY." 

New Jersey 

The Whig majority hi New Jersey is ! S> '• - * 
get no official returns of the Liberty vote - ea 

as we can make it out from the best da a, 
115 in th' j State; though tl is falls far shof •• oui 
•strength as no organizations existed in an-. ■. 
ties ftxeept 4 or 5. About one third of the voters n 
.Boon : on went for Liberty. 



Wh»gs ! if any <of your near and dear frieud, \ er< toi 
ing in hopeles bondage, on the plantation at /. 
with out pay, would you vote for Clay? 

Democrats ! if your father, mother, bro.t! , 
son or daughter were laboring thST> ''*>' '• " 

aLama under the lash of . . . 
you vote for Polk' 



I LIBERTY COVENTION OF OHIO COUNTY, 
VIRGIN L4* 

Pursuant to adjournment, a Convention was held in 
the hauie-i* j.. Gibnore, Esq.. 

The mfteting was organized by calling Hugh Brown- 
lee to the chair, and Thomas Todd, Secretary. 

After several addresses, the following preamble and 
resolutions were unwnrraosiy adopted. 

Whereas', 'God, the Supreme Lord and King of all the 
world, hath -ordained civH Magistrates to be under Him, 
over the people, .for his own glory and the public good: 
And hath saM, "He that ruielh with men must be just, 
rrjing ,n the f a;- of God — men of Truth, hating covet- 
eousuess." And whereas; slaveholding is clearly con- 
demned in the Bjhle, "wo uiko him that Luiideth his 
house by unrighteousness, .and his gjjiambers by wrong; 
that useth his neighbors service without Mages and 
givefh him not toi- his work." And whereas the two 
great political parties have select* -d candidates for the 
highest office in the gift of the people, men who advo- 
cate slavery, and are practical slaveholders, and also 
guilty of olher gioss immoralities, snowing their subser- 
viency to slavery and disregard ot morality, therefore, 

Resolved, Thai in organizing a Liberty Party in the 
State of Virginia, we do it from a sense ot dirty to God, 
and are determined to support no man or party in the 
management of political affairs, farther than measures 
and men in off.ee are governed by the Bible, which we 
take as oUr supreme law, to which all other laws must 
conform. 

ResoSaeid, That we can no longer give our votes to 
elevate, slaveholders t 0 office, nor assist either of the 
great political parties, soiongas they sustain slavery, 

R.,'.*o!oed, That in our opinion, the removal of its in- 
fluence in our general government, would remove the 
gi >ai di&cu&y, which besets its legislation, and conse- 
quently fender -more stable thdf policy of .said govern- 
ment. ' 

Resrdved. That our experience fully confirms us in 
r) p assertion that the use ot the ballot for the slave's 
redemption, in • disi inci organization, is demanded of 
us as iivte republicans, as christians, patriots and phi- 

• umhropiKts. . Mgd^ 

P.esoln.'f, Th.at the principles we profess, are the 
prfhdipTes offtie Dechs ■* ion ot independence, and if car 
rt c oh a- 1 ording to th% indentions bfthe fathers of our 
coimtryy&ur . hole land will soon be free from one of 
the foulest stains that ever dhgvac d any nation. 

Resolved, Thai if slavery had been abolished accor- 
ding, to the fond anticipation of the Father of our Coun- 
ta^c^t.heloyed Siafe would yet ibe in the enjoyment 
oi tha.: emim pi position sh* occupied in his day. "But 
alas l ow are the mighty fallen." She now stands 
fourth in 'he. hst of S'atcs; and well may the finger of 
scorn aiih contempt be pointed at us as sons of the sign- 
ers oi 'he L-ecin'a'ion of Independence, for our recrean- 
cy in the cause of human rights/' 

Resolved That we cali upon our fellow citizens to 
examine, ow principles, and come forward and aid us 
in raising the standard of liberty and morality, >• hich 
we believe to be the tru* prii ciples of democracy, and 
the only w ans of bringing back and saving our country 
from the withering grasp of slaveholders. 

Rt&heti, That J Gihnore, J. Emery and S. M. Bell 
be a committee to ^prepare an add; teas', together with a 
ticket, and have published with the proceedings of this 
m'-eting, in pamphlet form. 

L That we respectfully solicit all editors 
ause to publish the proceedings of this 

ioyon. Resolved, That we adjourn. 

electors. 

1 Joseph 'Bryant, 8. William "Wallace, 

2. Thomas Freeman, 9. John Wiis >n, 

0. .'« .;s • .-km* all, 10. Samuel Thompson, 

•«. Bsnethc Btashear, 1 1 . Thomas Workman, 

5 David Clyife, 12. Hugh Brownlee, 

! h P ifcison, 13. William Wright, 



15 Johja DIXON, 16 JAMES CLEMENS, 
17 THOMAS WOODS. 

The above has been published in many of the Lib- 
<~rly papeis; we copy from the Liberty Herajd, a large 
well conducted paper published at Warren, Ohio, be 
L. L Rice. The names of the Electors are all given 
to show that they are not afraid to have their abolition- 
ism known in a slave Slate. An article in anothef place 
will show that Freemen are fearlessly moving in 
heart of the State of Delaware, in favor of ballot-bos 
abolitionism. Truly a man must be worse than mad fee 
doubt the speedy triumph of Liberty Party Principles t 

We expect Delaware and Virginia with us before 
long, if freemen stand firm. 



Fact.s fok Thinkejis — Supreme Coup.t ot 

THE U. S, 

The free population of the United States excluding 
the Territories and the uistricl of Columbia, according 
to Uie cecaus of 1^40, was I4,434,ly0 persons. Of 
these the non-siavehoitiiiig States contained 9,ti53 ; Gt ; 3; 
the slaveholding 4,?60,^9 . lhatistosay, the free 
States contained just twice as many free in habitants 
as the .slave fataics, and b2,bUti persons over. 

Now it is a very important thing to the slaveholders, 
to secure judicial decisions of the highest authority fa- 
vorable to slavery. To effect this, it is thought neccs* 
sary to have a majority of the Judges of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, from the slave States — 
And accordingly Congress has so divided the Circuits as 
to give io the slave Stales, having not one third cf th^ 
iree population, five Judges, and to the free States, hav- 
ing more than two-thirds only four. The Circuits, al- 
so, are so arranged that no slave State is iw luded in the 
Circuit of a Judge residing in a free State, nor atiy free. 
State in the circuit of a Judge residing in a slave' State 
Th" following table exhibits the enormous inequal- 
ities of live population in the several Circuit." 

Free States 

Circuits. States composing iL fudges, population 
1st Me. N. H. Mass. R- I. Jos. Story 1,632,850 
2d Vermont, Conn. N. York, Vacant, 3,030,826 
3d N. Jersey & Pennsylvania, Vacant, 2,G9*3,C01 
7th Ohio, la, 111, it Mich. J. McLean, 2,803,446 



Slave States 



Jacob Muss, 



14 George Whitham, 



4,'h 
5th 
6th 



Del Maryland, Va R.B.Taney, 1,246,074 
Alab. and Louisina, McKinley, 604.082 
N. Car. S. Car. Ga. J. M. Wayne 1,185,410 
8th Ky. Tenn. & Missouri, John Cntron; 1,569, 183 
9th Missippi & Arkau. P. V. Daniel, 258,07P 



The largest population of a slave State Circuit, is 
only a fraction over one -half the largest population of n 
free Stat- j Circuit, and less by sixty thousand than 
the smallest, while the smallest population of a free 
Sta e Circuit is more ihan six times the smallest pop- 
ula'ioa of a slave State Circuit. The 7th Circuit, ot 
which Ohio is part, contains more than Eleven mot 
as many free inhabitants as the 9th of which Missippi 
forms part. 

Do the people see any degradation of the Free fitatty 
in this ? — Philwhropht. 



Anti-Slavery Meeting in a Slave Slate. 

— An Anti-Slavery Meeting has recently been heJd m 
Wilmington, Delaw are. The subject of slavery was 
discussed i-n all its tonus; the wrong of voting for slave 
holders however, and the effect of slavery upon the pros 
perity of the State were prominently before the meeting 
At the close, the following resolutions were passed, 
with only one or two dissenting voices: 

R-esolved, Th.at Slavery ought to be abolished ir 
Delaware at the next session of the Legislature. 

Resolved, 'I hat we will vote for no candidal fox .of- 
fitje, unless he is in favor of such abolition. 
Bangor Gazette. 



The Liberty vote in Pennsylvania is set down b" 
the papers at 7,000. Ohio at 10,000 to 12,000 



P OET11Y. 



THE TEMPERANCE LIFE BOAT. 

Ply the oar, brother, ami speed ie boat, 
Sw.ft over life's j^iitle; ing waves we float, 
Then onward b >uud. an i strive to sa e 
Brothers from filling a drunkard s grase, 
CHORUS. 

Then pull away, haul away, row bovs row, 
A long pull, a strong puU and oft we g >, 
Off we go, ott" we go, off we go, off we go- 
Loudly the heart-cheering tetriperahae ca'1, 
Bounds oyer tie nation>to wcPome us all, 
It sweetly swells fro;n hill and grove, 
Calling return unto all t'mi rove. 
T ie "i p ill aw ty etc. 

.Now o'er the ocean our good bark ri dee, 
And safely in harbor >he smo t : 1 glides, 
But should the cry of help he heard, 
Quickly to duty is our Watchword. 

Tlien pull away etc. Emancipator. 



From the True Wwsleyan. 

A NEW CATECHISM 

truest. What is the ch;ef en I of m n ? 

Aim. To gather up rides ; to c eat .ill he can; 

To flutter the rich ; the poor to despise ; 

To pamper the fool ; to humble the wise ; 

T..e rich to assist ; to do aU in his power 

To k'ck the unfortunate still a peg lower: 

To cry up for freedom, to rielend it with vigor, 

iHave slaves without number,- aud use 'hem with rigor; 

To deal fair wi.h all men when rches attend them; 

To grind down ihe poor when heie's none, to defend 
them; 

To he angol w itho'it, and devil within, 

To pretend to all virtue, and pr etice all sin; 

This is most men's chief end, or tin ir actions be'if 
the in — 

And if you don't believe it, you can just go and tiy 
them. 



Tne Rev. Win, L. P-irsons, of th F>ee < huch, 
in Boouton, has ac.rp'ed a call from the C'U'xh in 
Aurora, Illinois. Mr. Parsons was very relucta .tL v 
given up bv his friends in Boonton; b it he goes into 
a wider field of usefiln"««s with the r best wishes, and 
is cordially recommended to tiie people of Aurora , as 
a faithful, fearless, and zealous advocate of 'he truth, 
We do not doubt h it tiat ae will make himself emi- 
nently useful wherever he go s. 

The Rev. Henry Belden taiies his place in the Boon- 
ton Free Church. 



ORDINATION. 

T^e Rev. Heiirv jiehien will he O'daii'd by an 
ordaining Co mcil, and l ist lied Pastor of 'he I re 
Chureli in BOONTON, on Wednesday, O- tuber 30th., 
at 7 o'cloek P. M., at the FREE CHURCH. 

A number^of Ministers from a distance w.ll be in 
attendance. 

The Public are invited lo attend. 
October, 26, IS? 4. 



Mr. Editor, — I have h ard from au»hority t at 1 
cannot doubt, that i Presbytereaa Clerg. man ttiia eai 
voted the Liberty Ticket in New Jers y wh ■ in vjor- 
ris Cunt] last \ear, w.>s a violent "pposcr of Abolition 
a -d a stro g advicate for a slaveholder and du list for 
the hig il st office in the Nation. 

The Clergy are aceouirta >le for the continuance el' 
Slavery, and when they act riyld, slavery will b> 
abolished. IV ash- n<) ton. 



H O N G, 

■Vlfp** J»i- j% .i- , '.fl^^l T W\ 

BY A FREEMAN. 
Ah— Yank- e Girl b, G. W Clark. 
A b'ast from the bugl ' was heard from afar, 
it sumn oued the nation to conquest a id war; 
On the breeze 't wa borne from tne north far away, 
Aud a shout shook t; e skies for *our own Hemy Ciay. 

A slave heard the hlast, as ht toiled in despair, 
A id breathed out his wees to the cold, dewy air; 
He sig 1 ed jo his cha ns at the Bugle's shrill lay, 
As it played loud a^ d long for "our own Henry Clay. 

With a start he < xcl. imed that .shout is for him, 
Who b, ds crushing tetters on spirit and limb; 
Who i a>es ...e t weep for that freedom which all 
Vla\ claim as rig t, but the ne^io in thrall. 

My wile h»s 'een si Id; m\ sons a eno more; 
'I . e . bbtd 'ueath he las • on the f; r southern shore; 
T the lust of >he man thie', niv daughter's a prey; 
The orice of their bio d feeds 'our ow n Henry Clay.' 

O could ye but wear once the feiters I leel, 
Piercing body and spirit more cruel thau .-teel; 
Th u champion oi freedom' no more would ve say 
In the iong, iourt hmra for'ourown Henry Clay.' 

Shout on lor our Ch ef, although prostrate I lie; 
With his heel on my neck' am! the scourge in my eye 
Iluslrd husb'd be my - ghs, tor they sing in the lay! 
How fat and how sfcek are the slaves 'our Clay.' 

•A 1 !a<t Iromt e b :gle,' woke the dead from their sleep. 
And Randolph came torth irom the grave's siknt deep; 
With a ten i hie g i he shotted aloud 
As he gathe ed around him his icy-cold shroud. 

So soon, ah! so soon for 'he ' eing « bese hand, 
W uid h ive eut my sou! headlong t > hel "s gloomy land, 
Wi!i ye say to ;he hugle; -a louder b) st play,' 
To the ho.Lor and truth of our own Henry Clay?' 

Nexl CMlev came forth from the grave's gloomy bed, 
A 1 fres'i were his wounds and most frightfully red; 
He IHd in his h nd- to the li^ht of t lie day. 
The challenge dr:wn up by -our own Henry Clay.' 

H'- cried wi'h a voice mo.e loud, than the rear 
Of the or e n's proud waves, rolling mad to tho shore; 
My hleod nt the door of your Hco i lay; 
For the el a!f Dge was > earned by 'our own Henry Clay. 

Lo k, look nt m]f wife her hra.n is on fire; 
My orphans distracted, still calls for their sire; 
My home is all dprkne.ss; and sorrow their lay; 
For their hearts have been crushed bv our own Henry 
Clay. 

Shout on then, ye, 'christians' ve 'pri-sti' join the song 
Let the 'blast of the Husrl' .' its echo prolong; 
W kethe N rth. South. West and East in your lay; 
^ho'it lo id for that worthy, the DtieHixt Clay. 

fir is wor'bv to file o'^r a Nation of Saints; 
A 'id woe to tho wr"t<*h, who in Henry's cause faints; 
*T" is rnn-ifin"' in triumph : haH. hail, to <he da\ ; 
Huzza for the gambler, our oood Henry Clay, 

' ■o, ?n to th>» nltT. ve pvi st-i of the Lord, 
•\ d si' to 'he peonle. sob it to his word; 
For the fust and the riohfeovs, we fervently pray, 
Th<m go to the polls and vote '■for our Clay.' 

Sh"ti'd conscience revolt nt the thought of *in, 
\nr] doubts rni^e the hil'ow s of trouble within; 
If * on d ead tho d ; i k doom o r 'he "rent burning day, 
A"d shrink from the sin of electing Henry Clay; 

W : th Clav. Freelinghiusen, the best of mankimd; 
Wake n pill o' them both, <xnet to \our mind; 
Th n shout to a'l Christians) w* ve found out a way 
To make you all swidlow the < nod Henry Clay. 



Vermont. — The Lib. it voto of Veinioii la-.t year w-.s 
3,56l. This >cur us efficially leported; i. is 5,<jl&-a 
glorious gaia. 



APPEAL TO THE PUBLIC. 

Two rcspeciable c.t:zens of Massachuset s are lying 
in South 'in j ;ils, ioaded w.th irons, on a choree ot aid- 
ing suffering fellow men in theiratt mpts to escape from' 
cruel bondage. JONATHAN WALKER belongs to 
Hardwick, Cape Cod, and h is been engaged in ih. coast- 
log trade, He is a man of unblemished character, a inem- 
uer of the Baptist Church, and an honest and industri- 
ous, though poor man. He has a wife and large famaly 
oi ehitdreu. Tne annexed let.er te;ie ins story. He now 
lies in prison at Pen.-aco'a, waiting his trial, wit .out 
funds I o employ counsel, and his family arc destitute — 
CHARLES T TORREY is a Con-rt gationai mons- 
ter, in g< od and rt^u ai stai ding. He was successor 

0 tne Rev. Dr. Cheever, of this city, intiiepaso.nl 
charge of a church in Sa.ein, >iass. and has since beeu 
an ami sla\e:y anu tditor. His grandfather was the 
Hon. Chas Turner, formerly memb. r of congress, and 
he married a daughter of the Rev. Lr. ide. He h s a 
wile .ino ihree children depending on him lor auj poit. 
He now iies in Baltimore jail. An appaal to toe public 

1 as been made in Bosiouon b< halt of Mr. Torre); and 
with the funds contributed council have been retained. 
A still larger amount is necessary lor his deh nee, and 
the co.omitt e making i his appeal will act in concur- 
ence with the Committee in B ston. 

Friends of lleliyioit, Humanity, Freedom andthe Con- 
stitution! 

Shall i wo of your t'ellow -c tizens, respectable and wor- 
thy men, who visited t e i>< ..ih on lawful I business, he 
seized, at the instigation of slave-traders: be ihr .st ii«.o 
I aihs me jails, b^ liable to cynyictioii o.i the les.monv 
of interested oi perj re I wi nesses, and oe expose to 
dr.ig out the r days in state prison for the sake of Liber- 
ty? In tiie case of Capt. Walker, the alleged oftence was 
committed, if a. all in a 7'crrUory of 'he United States 
where Slavery does not constitutionally ■ x si: and in th 
ease of Mr.Ti re y. hr. is under indictment in the State 
of Maryland aud Virg nia at tho s \me time, and there- 
tore der ied the iiri'il«>_e of bail under tee laws of one 
or bot of those States, contrary, as is thought by e - 
nent Northern Lawyeis x, the Constitution o the United 
St tes. Y> u aie eareestly npieahd to tor eoutributio s 
on behalf of Jonathan Walker and Charles T. Toi rey, 
and their alllictet families, that hie counsel mav be 
employed to argue the ureat constitutional questions in- 
volved in 'bese cases: thatsu table ngents may be se 
io Pensacola ano Baltimore to befriend aud aid • ur . 
ca'reerated fellow ci' zens, and that v\e<y judici us d 
U wfu 1 measure roai be taken to prevent their eonv rtion, 
a twenty years' imprisoi ment, and the eontinued an 
guishandsuff ring of their wives and little on^k I n view 
o ; tiie natuial rights of man, of the honor of our coup 
try, ot i hi Declaration of Indcpeudance, of the constitu- 
tion, and of our Holy R li. in; we appeal toy Utoci n 
tribute liberal!* tor the ui poses named, and ''the blesa« 
ingsof him that was ready to perish'' will corerujion >«u 
Money can be left with Lewis Papuan New Ymk 
City, or with the follow ing gentlemi n in New Jersey. 
Thomas V Johnsen, Newark, 
John Grimes Bomiion, 
Wright Fiavell Pa ters on, 
Dr. Charles F Clark, Woodbury, Gloucester Co., 
Jab-z L Allen, Dover Morns County, 
Abijah Willson Warren County. 
The gentleman designated are requested to give a 
wide circulation to this hppoal, ard editors of uewspa- 
pers are solicited to eive tt one or more insertions 

The letter of Mr. Walker aiiovc referred to, will be 
found in another column. 



Hi raid of Freedom, 



The sales of pu' lie lands la (ye; r amounted to 
67-1 acres, und the ^roceiiS to i.bout $^,055,034. A F. 



NOTICE. 



A LIBERTY PAPTY MEETING will beheld in 
the FREE CHURCH. B- onion, Saturday evening, 
Nov. 2d. next, at 7 o'clock. 

Srveral individuals will address the meeting. 

Ladies nnd Gentle m< n of nil parties are invited to 
attend. C. B. Norris. Sec. Lib. A, 

<Vt. ?r,«h.. 1P44. 



in tin priiici|aiiiy m Waldeck, Gertuauy, none u-e 
to marry is heicaher iobe guiuud toany oue addicted 
to drunkenn ss. This is us it should be. — American 

Freeman. 





VOL. I. 



BOOtiVTOIV, IVOYEM BEK 28, 1844. 



NO. 



THE FREEMAN 

will hi; published monthly uv 
' JOHN C! H I M ES, Editor and Probuiktpr. 
Boemtm, Morris County, Jersey. 



T . E R M 8. 

Single copy 2o eepts per annum, yr lor numbers. 

!l) copies to »ric address for, two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at. a pectin"iary sacriifkp, and; we -cannot afford jjP-EAB Sin 
to pay postage. 



Ul« « (ini: Letter from Mrs. Aurelia A. Work, 

. Whose husband is on$. of the three men who have 
.been confined in prison in Missouri three years for aid- 
ing a fugitive slave. They have njne years each to 
stay yet according tq the- sentence of a Slave . holders' 
court. Judge, LAWLESS, we belive presid«s.,in the 
Courts of Missouri. 

How long shall these things continue? 

Theopolis, (Ill-miis,) Aug. 13, 1844. 



I received your kind letter this afternoon, and I will 
improve the first opportunity to 'answer it, for I do truly 
believe I have found a friend in a stranger; and a friend 

rili need is a friend-indeed.'' Many a friend has sympath- 
Mr. Editor,- r^v il! \ou please permit me through the j z; .d with me whom 1 never saw, and never expect to 
cofumtifi of your paper, to express the deep 'interest 1 j see, this side of the g»ave; but 1 tnust I shall meet them 
fee! liu the great abolition movement, and .only regret j in heaven, where we shall tune o.ur harps and sing hal- 
ihaj ) cannot more ablv vimltcahi the cause of truth, j l?Uyah,tO the Lamb 

ma. . . When mv husband went away, i and my children were 

But pe V haps feeble end^s may .are tbett tmlu- ^ V ^ for QW daily hread . M y health was 
encc, and ther^o! times' >-hen it is trm^.m ^ n6 , g0 ^ }vhen he went.away. ■"^Myself and youngest 

child, a little girl eighteen months old, were forty miles 
from home at the time, he went, which was onMonday, 



fence — when justice cammey/ds «{•» to jifl up om v'dee jpr\ 
the truth. -Surrounded by opposers to abohtion, lam 
compelled to hear the Liberty Party blamed *nd misrep- 
resented, and shall I sit quietly without defeudmg it? 
No never! as long as I ha.ve an existen'fc'cc. 

1 was conversing a few days £ ago with a gentleman, 
that.^as calumniating the Lihesty .Party in n<3 gentle 
terms. Listen to me' said I for one moment; look upoai 
slavery as it really exists, stealing- men from their' own;-. 



and I got home the next Friday, with my little girl sick 
in my arms, and found. my youngest son quite sick. 

As soon &s 1 got into the house, my eldest son, of the 
age of nine years, said to me, 'Mother, where is father - 1 
he .went avV-iy on Monday, and we have not se^n him 
since.' Judge .mat my feelings were at that moment, 

I was at home but a few hours, before 1 heard he 
was in Palm via jail', in Missouri. In two.weoks L.wetn 
over to s"e him, a»id saw him upon. an average once a 



],,„ m .g__t} u . horrors of the Slave-ship— the Auction,— 

the sundering of ties dear as life L'stdt— (he weary (lays | , T(% ,| { v bi!t :be^\as in jail, which, was more than, eight 
0 f unfewuited toil— and then- the train, of evils that ne- j y Qe ] ts . I Jo .pot know how they could live so long 
..j-sarily follow andattciul such a system: luok at it j there in so dismal a placo. I have been tp .Jefferson 
bom-'lvand rmididfv. and then te!4 me if VQH should j twice, and expect logo (if the Lor4-spaues i»y life imc 

ody 'of that are eiMUav«nng to free | mi: strength and means) again noxt_ November. 



mot respect a..,...., -,. , v 

'jweoiintry from sTo monstrous an'.eyil, spyedlly as 
possible. "Ah":" said he," I cannot look upon .lavoryas 
it exists, it is so ho.rr.ihle; but tho.ab<>h'ti\;«ists ar» going 
too fest, they will defeat their-own-ends." Br.*, 1 said, 
why do you not suggest a bgtter plan, instead of ven- 
thjg your spleen against them.'. You say Jhat you. "can- 
not look at slavery, it is so 

by every means in ycrtu* power* (q hinder itsextinction. 

• Ah! .said he, '-let tlie -South legislate upon it them- 
selves, and,!!! ti^-tley will all be, free. The Liberty 
Partv are too fast, 
to atoms." I th-uk no).,, 



when the legislature sits, and plead with them for the 
release of my husband. But 1 will drop the subject, and 
write upon the one. you wish me to. . 

We have a small house which I have called our own 
but how long I can do so. 1 kupw not, for the sherifc 
came out yesterday morning, and banded me a writ, 10 
appear at the court-house the third Monday in Septem 
horrible," and' still endeavor | ber, to answer to a certain bill of complaint. Where it 
iwiU end, 1 know not. It is for the lawyer's fee in Mis- 
souri'. 1 am owing some cash debts: one, which is the 
most (except the lawyer's he,) is about twenty dollars; 
it was thirty -nine," but some friends iirConnectlcut sent 
uid vou will soon see them all blown j , R e some money sqme time ago, ayii paid the othe'i 
I answered, .vonsidermg how 'part. The man 1 owe it to lives somewhere in theeas- 



„• , ,, • Leri'States He bar; sent out twice to na\ r e it sued, but il he 

ars. Jiu* 1 thought il , J • , . ... u- n *■ * * * 

r . ,^il have pafence-, I will pay htm all. 



the. have -increased within ;i few Vea 

useless to di»crs-; the quest ior .-M lfft -him, predictingj Jfit hp-i^pt been forkin/ friends,' I do not know 

the oerttm pth- of '.he .Liberty Party; while 1 'hquglit ; w h<. r! . i -.hoit'ld have been aow. No living being but 

he iro-.-W Jhe <l ! " ( l •'" ''eliuq to their skirt* yet. and mean. e- \ myself kaoVS the troul 

m&ihx mVH^Hoq'.' * • •' ' ; for the last three years 

f But i bone. Sir, that your eilorts will n'eVof he -elax- ' ^fiuainted with gnet. 

I poorer and poorer ever since my husband Avent away 



Uii. i 



r -ality, wh 



Hi h< 

she is now peetieal- 



; & trials 1 have passed through 
1 aiii ri.wr\«xun of sorrow and 
My health has been growing 



thottgh 1 at: 



abb' to attend to my 



work. 



I wash for 

b'KrKI'Vnnfil the tVeotnan's song on. Piymbu'.h rock, thietfstud.-nt: , and take in a little spying. They paj 
shall hiet:t with a response from every heart in ti'iijj land mc j n work' again, ov let me have oy<«rs; but 1 cannot al- 
i fapV flee \merica! v. hat a contradiction, alasl.the Wavsget the most needfularticles with them, such asgro- 
; ighs and groans of Ab ie's injured irare, might well jus- ceries and flour. I am willing to do what I can to get 
Ltfv the eontemptuous couplet of the Poet, j a living, hut my family requires a good deal ot my time. 

.-The M flag that proudly »me* r • \ 1} am%bled to get a suflicency ot flou,; we bvemost- 
In Bpk&d mockery ie'r a la.td of slaves." •' i % $ ^e coarse article Perhaps y^^TdThen 
. . , • ' , ,-.;)i. that is: the superfine is taken out ot the wheat, and then 

hei toe v. bole W orld say that y S u "go too fast," what i ^ ^ and th is that I use is the next. I do not say 
mutters* it, the freedom of two millions and a half ofhu-| { ^ l() cbmplaip, for 1 should be glad to get enough 
man beings, toiling under the folds of America's proud even of that. I have had but a very little meat in my 
flu.',' is not so lightly won, the deep stain of slavery can- house for a good while. A friend sent me afrw pounds 

of pork, the- other day which 1 thanktully received. 

I have seen the time since my husband went away 
that 1 should be glad of bran to make bread of. It has 
got to be an old story, his being in prison. TheTC has 
beet: little jaid or done abput it. It troubles meto think 

s 1 . — ■ ; •- I about it. It troubles me to think that t]ie press is-sosi- 

Wo have Jelaye'}.'.th>; ^u'dicati^of the present num- j h n t about it. ¥ou wish.rqe to tell you what will make 
her, in order, to present in One view the Liberty vqto. of, my f;miily comfiirtable. It is hard for me to tell. 1 have 
all the States, but raimot get tin in, so ax to giv-e ''learned to get along witlL little. My Master knows what 
them Sufficiently co:t-ci. fir I'm on* reference, ami shall W( . need, and has sent me hei'p more than once when I 
doit in our next. • ' ' '. 'was nadV to despair. 1 musi trust in the Lord for a 



supply (for he is kind, and your kindness shows it) for 
the remainder of the summer and the coming fall and 
winter. You may think I look a great ways ahead. I 
do notknow aa I shall live till that time, but I remem- 
ber the winters that are gone by, and .what we suffered 
I can bear cold and hunger-much better than I san sj -_ 
my childuen bear them. Many a time ha^e. we shiver- 
ed over a few embers, and. I have waded through snow 
for wood, and to-.takneare of my cow, till my dottier 
have been fr^xzen jiear a : quarter of a yard de**p*. M any 
a time last winter did 1 travel through the snow to rind 
my cow. For the want oifood she wandered, off and 
I do not know but she will have to do the same the 
coming winter. You may think 1 1 tell you a great deal, 
but the one half? I have not told you. 

'If .the friends can spare bed • -clothing, or vvihlcs 
rlothes or shoes, or any such thing, or clothing of any 
kind, I should be very glad, for 1 think 1 could -.-x 
change somes of them for food, and some of therrnL 
want. I know money is very scarce. One. of the 
•eachers here has gone East, and I beard that himsdfer 
his agent was going to Vermont to get something, if m 
couldstbr the institution here. If you and your friends 
could, with out robbing yourselves, send me a small box 
by this man, I think the Lord will reward you. it is a. 
great favor to ask, and I will aot urge it If you sheu-Ld 
see fit to send a box; you will put in a paper contaniktg 
the names of the donors. It w ould be a comfort to me 
to read; them over.. 

I am glad to hear you speak so much about freedom 
If you were as near a slave State as 1 am, you v. oulc 
want to give two votes to a man. 1 live twosmiles f;,.a. 
the Mississippi-, which divides Ilhncis. inm M •:>sov.-: 

I have four children. I have buried «ne sim-v r 
husband went to prison. I have a little sonadde'dtomj 
family since he went away, His name is Alanson. ife 
is in his third year People that come htie ask hi:.', 
where his father is. He tells them he is in the pew ltn~ 
eta. They ask him what they shall do to the men whe 
put him there. He says, 'Pay them about the putting -jf 
sin?.*' that, is pray about their repenting of their sia- I 
think my husband being taken was the causa of av 
little girl's death. Shi- would lay in her cradle iron, 
■morning till night, and call for her father, till sht pined 
away and died. The day but one before she lied, 
^-he called for papa, and said she wanted to write- to 
father. The night before she died, (1 was watchhjg 
with hflft — it was past midnigt— no one in the. house hut 
my children, ,;xnd they asleep; it. was a very cold u-;ht, 
and I had no wood cut for a fire, and was shaking with 
he cold.) she went intoa fit, and I held'her in mv amis, 
I should think ten minute - that she did not breath- 

I awakened my eldest-child, and sent for a nei.ghi. ~ 
She did notbrea'he when the neighbor came. After she 
nad been here awhile. Ellen came partly out of the fit. 
;nd went into a another, which she never came cut o£ 
0! I thought if my husband had been here al the tier 
what would I have given ! But no ! it cou'd not hi 

There is a world which we are looking forward tr. 
where sorrowing and sighing will be done away, a; A 
where the w.tekedi will cease from troubling, a"nd ih'_ 
weary will be at rest. Perhaps you have not been cal- 
led upon to wade through the furnace of affliction ; hut 
with me I sometimes think it has been hea ted one sever, 
times* hotter than before. Bui the Lord's wiii, not :nin<v, 
fie done. 

My husband wishes me to go into Missouri and eir- 



uot be effaced without passing through the strong, wa- 
ters of opposition, but bear ye nobly' on, the victory shall 
be w-}:i, and 'futur;> gencrat-ons will bless the liberty 
Party in America. . • .1). 



culate petitions. I have already been three times, and 
exposed life and health, and Lam willing to do it again 
;r I caii get him released ; but my faith is very weak. 
Kind Sir, pray for tne and mine. 

Yours truly, AURELIA A. W011K. 



Editorial Duel- — In the New Orleans Republican, of 
the 28th ult. we find itstated that on the previous eve-' 
ning-a hostile meedng took place on the Metario track 
between two well known members of the party press. 
Weapons,. pistols— distance five paces. At the word, 
one- pistol missed fire ; the other's exp'oding, wounded 
his antagonist in the abdomen and left thumb. The par- 
ties exchanged salutations and separated. The names 
are not given. — Sentinel. 

The example has been fabhfuf'v set by Henry day, 
and well apologized for by Mr. Frelnghnysen. 



THE NEW JEKSEY 

B0OiSTui\, ^oVjJM.bh'R. 28, 1844. 



»T- , ,• , , . \y October, 1844. 

In this way, wo Del .eve the whigs have done thorn- ; ; Rout. R. Page, Justice of the Peace 

selves vast injury every where. 

According 'to the last testimony, the first Roorback ; . , The New Vork Evening Posf says —"Nov; it is ov- 

story about^Mr. Polk's branded slaves, is fas'.' ned upon - ld °,S| U P°" thp facc 01 *» ^j**" is r a , *>tf*ty 
. •' ... . . . 1 1 ne scheme is on>' nt Ihp mnd iliarrif-ofn) onrl 



Lei us throw log' lite mask — 'us a cobweb one aj. best, , g rea t numbers 



The scheme is one of the most disgraceful and dastard- 

thc whm- This falshood, has done much to prevent : , y lhat has t heen devftlope( , » 6 

s oi Demoorats who were, disgusted with ; ,vr. t> „*,. •* . . ,,, . ~ . , 

„ , * B ! Mr. Birney it was supposed would hc*k Sa«*inavy- be- 

.vorld will see through it. it will not uo thus to . thc proceedings oi the Baltimore Convention, from vo- fore the Ohio Election, but by accidentfe was detained 



talk like philosophers, and act like unrelenting tyrants; \ t j u » fae liberty ticket; in this way the vote for Pglk has 'so that he arrived in Cleveland on the day of election, 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty fos our tex j been swelled much beyond what it would have lieen, ' ^ there 6» the first found this letter and immediately 
a'.,,. uctua i oppression for our commentary. | had the whigs acted honorably, i writes |s follows to the Editor of the Boston' Chronicle. 

But the greatest of all mean things, is their persevo- ri«»vi.»irn K nv { ig.44. 



Wm. J'inckney, of Maryland. 



Oleavland. Nov 

; ring attempts to make out a coalition between Mr. Bir- ; Dear Sir— I saw, a few hours ago, at Fuirport, where 
In ail things that have, beauty, there is nothing to man : ney an j (ne loco focos. This attempt of the whigs, and i the steamer stopped a few minutes, the let icr purporting 
•pore comely than LIBERTY Milton. their dishonorable perseverance in it, after thev knew to be written by me to Mr. Garland. . dated Sept. 2(i, 

- — - ^ 5- -rr-r ! it to be false; the simultaneous publication of forged let- ! * 8 ;"- Thu * ette r, Is AN ABSOLUTE FOR- 

t u-s and affidavits in different parts of the countrv on ! E , V ? V,° ^ ^ w ^Tf! 1 do , not 

- , .-' » . " , . , •' .think iiirdsall, I hayer and Davis would do so base 

the eve ot the election, too late to oe contradicted' 1 „, f u„j „ A, 

. ■ . ' . r an ac t, bad as the times ate. 

sho vs a baseness 1 if the business of electioneering in- ! • T IMES G BIR\"E V ' 

trigue without a parallel.- Mr. Birney war nominated | j R Garland ,ays that Mr. Birne" has neversaid or 

at a Convention 111 Sagiriaw County, for a suit in thc. •« „ ... . « lL .. . , 

J . •- • -written any Mich things as the forgonk iclier contains 

Legislature, as a fit person to protect the interests ot thc t 0 him. 

County, which had been verv much vroug.-d, awl- ex-.i u 4 ,.„„ 0 f v . ,1 ■ ■ , , .. . > , , 

It turns out that there is no ;.uch Justice as Rohl.i 



For President, 

TAMKS G. USUNEV. 

• OF MICHIGAN. * • 
For Vice President, 

THOMAS MORRIS, 

OF OHIO. 



1 ex- i 

j.pected to be voted for by all parties. Such . was the R p agC) am| « ierefort! the manu fr, tm . ors of the lct!er 
! confidence of all parties in him us a man ,f '^^"ty ! must F epare something to. remedy this difficult?, artS 



The result of the late Elections, prove most unequiv- 
ocally the folly of leaving principles to follow after a j 



1 ihat they were willing to forego a!J party attachments, , „...!.„ .u,. 

' j majte the nunibag down among the poeplc at a dis 



and vote for him, without asking or expecting any pledge ; tance. 



time serving expediency. This lesson comes with pe- 
culiar force to those abolitonists, who have turned their 
backs upon the Liberty Party to vote "this once," for 
a duelist and slaveholder to fill an office, which above 
all others, should be filled by pure minded, honest rxen; 
who above all others, should be in theory and practice, 
tru*. lovers of impartial, universal liberty — LIBERTY 
FOR ALL. 

Such abolitionists have not only thrown away their 



Statk or Michigan, County of Gei 



I Th< 



from him, other than that of seeking the good of '.he ; 
County he should represent. The SccretarD oftliati~; . 

r , - .. .. -Vi i r • j- T ' 1* ,lh K - *-uninungs, Clerk m and fcr Ir.e county ( f Genc- 

Convention, writes as follows to a lnend in LoweS:. mn -,f,,™,;j J„ „„,» r . <i . n • 4 t> ti .i_ 

' ,see aioresaid, do certify-, that Robert K. Page, the per- 

"It was not with any expectation that Mr. Birney | yon before whom the above affidavit purports' to bave 

had changed or would change his political principles. The ; been taken, was, at the time of taking the same, an ac 

people of the county, knowing the relation in which Mr. ! ting Justice of the Peace, duly qualified lb administer 

Birney stands to the Liberty party, could not expect any i oaths; and I further certify, (hat 1 am acquai'iufd with 

■suah change for a seat in the. legislature. In fact I en, i the handw riting of said Page, and believe the same to be 

tortain too high an opinion of him as a citizen and apoli- i genuine . 

fician, to hope for fliat. ; ' % 1 , In testimony whereof, I have hereunto s.-t my Hand 

The October election having passed and the first edi- i affixed the seal of the Circuit Cout of the Cotuuy 0 f 
votes, but they have to^ay the least, for the time being, j t ; on 0 f|he coalitioB/hmubug having becwv.e exhausted, j i t c ) Genesee aforesaid, on this 21st of Qcto- 

) ' \ ber, 1844. 



thrown away their principles also. 

When we look upon these men, as men whose muic!>- 
have been enlightened in 0 certain degree upon the cor- 
rupting influence of slavery, not only upon the morals 
of the whole country, but to an alarming extenf, upon 
the administration of the government; and see the 
whig candidate for the vice Prsidency, deserting his high 



THOMAS CUMMINGSj 

Clerk of said County. 



it was necessary to hatch it up in a new form in order j 
to operate on the elections in Nov. A letter, purporting 1 
to be a letter from Mr. Birney to .1. B. Garland of Sijg- j 

inaw, must be manufactured, and published in a hand-; iile i)<-ll ' ,lit Eree Press, says that CummingJ is not 
bill from a whig office in Genesee Co. Michigan? andj lhe aame of - ,he clcrk of Genesee County, 
placed at the disposal of the whig editors in different j Now follows forgery the third. 

_ parts of the country, to be ready for publication on the j Stath or Mic iik^an, County of Genesee. We the 
moral character, by consenting to be placed on the same | eve of the most important elections, too "l.Ho 'to have j undersigned, Whig County Corresponding Committee, 
Ticket with with the ""-reat embodiment" of slavery ! their influence counteracted, before the votes of the ! !or the County of Genesee, aforesaid do certify that we 

apologist for the same great duelling transaction, that he j 1 his letter, which appeared in the whig papers in the | a mem b<. r „f the Presbyterian church, in good standing 



hut a few years before condemned in the most unqual 
l!ed terms; we feel that the defeat of the whigs, was 
the just decree of Heaven, and a most righteous rebuke ' 



extreme parts of the .Country at the same time, we 'in this village— that he this day called upon us and ex- 
give as follows, from the Boston Chronicle. I hibiled for our inspection the letter of which the above 
Sagin aw, Sept, 26, 1844. f's a true copy— that he stated to us that he had called 

rWfl Si« I have for several davs nasi been serious I u P on l ' 10 publisher of the " North Star," published at 

BdftiHustercd to those men wno have trampled principles [ ^f' ™* > 1 n «» e ,w ' 1 v :': u s P dS » l '^ cn SC) ,0 " h yko-inaw and rennest..d him t« ««ki; -k .id • ■ 

.. ■ , . t - j : ly reflecting upon the proposition made xm hv vmi and ! p a gmaw , ana reooesteo mm to publish the foregoing, 

under foot, and suttered themselves to be found, oven j a{our p rivate V„ee.ta.g, on the evening of M t|,is h " «WM« all of which we hereby ce,-tif> . 



«<this once" propping up the abominable slaveocracy of|the -17th inst. To-morrow I start for the Eastland! 
this nation. j shall not return until after the election. My journey is 

The Whigs charge their defeat upon the abolition- i indispensable, else a duelist and. gamble* will soon 
6 ts. If this were true it would not make us weep that j 611 the seat ofa Washington, a Jefferson and a Jackson, 
we had defeated the elevation of Henry Clay, the only 



thing v/e can regret is, that we could not have defeated 
Po'k, his equally unworthy competitor also. But it be 



After mature reflection, i have concluded to accept 
the nomination of representative to the StifLalegislnture, 



I'AMF.S BIRDS VLL 
\. THAYER, 
A. P. DAVIS. 
Oounly Corresponding Committee-. 
Flint, Genesee county, Oct v 21, 184 V. 

The foi'o^ ing letter to the Editor of the Boston 



provided your convention see fit K/nomiaate me. Chronicle, show s the temper and ipirit of Mr. BifMf 



In case my abolition principles are assigned as a rca- j Rs>ad it imd compare it with the" spirit of the u hiss" 
comes us to look into this matter: if it is so, it will prove I son why I should pot rcfiwve the nomination nt -the j . • .. ,. , 

hands of the democrats, you are hereby authorised to ! Uear brother, how ought I to praise and magnify the 



the faLity of one thing, that whigs and democrats have 
from the .first, endeavored to make out; viz., that we 
arc too insignificant to deserve any notice. We think 
the conduct of the whigs during the last electioneering 



sav to the Convention, that I am x.,w u:iu weu iUve S na me of the JLord 1 lie gives me powers to stand up 



been, a Democrat of the " Jeffersonitm school." The 1 "gamst my enemies, witliout any feeling of ill will a- 
democracy of the country 1m1st.be Well satisfied that / Jgainstthem. He enables me to sec the. dreadful con- 
am rendering them more effectual service bt t udrocting ah- i d,tlon , "* to . w^fchUtey have brought 



campaien, proves bevond a doubt, jthat they have not oHtim principles, <A«m if I were orENi.v a democrat, j no ° tncr « ( ' sin ' 
" . *, e ;• You aj'e lurther authoris»id to say to the convention, 3N "e .appro /cs 

cons.dered us unworthy of notice. j m ^ , shoul(| u feIcctpd t0 \ hc olfice 0 f r ' £ ■ held by his < ve, 



We deny the chyrge, and can, we think fasten it upon 
the whigs themselves. Their base attempts' to deceive 
liberty men by their sophistry, actual falshoods and for- 
geries, their bitter and persecuting war upon the Liberty 
Party; their. mean and unprincipled humbugs, have been 
sui'dcia! to their cause. Those Liberty men who had 
jnce been whigs, $1 listened to their misrepresentations, 
and decided to vote for Clay, have not helped the whigs, 
but bave inflicted a two fold injury upon the liberty 
party. It has operated in this way, we are informed 
that in a village in this county, a liberty man, one who 
'■Mid beer, so for some years, yi'ddtd under these clam- 
ors, and concluded to vote for Clay. Two democrats 
w ho had decided to vote for Birney, declared (hey 
would neutralize that vote by voting for Polk. Thus 
Clay got ona vole, Polk two, and Birney lost three. 



ght the country, with 
110 other desire than to reform it — and by such means 
es. Never have J so felt that I am up- 
1 lasting arm, and that his good provi- 
tative from this county, I shall cheerfully ar»d gratefu|y i was ab(m ' «nd around me, as* I have since I saw 

perform the duties assigned me, and hereby pledge my-jy 0 '"" •'■ " 

self to go for Democratic men and measures, and (as| ' We would like to extend the testimony in this case 
you suggested in our recent conversation) will forego the | much farther, but space will not permit, This diabol • 
agitation of the slave question in our State Legislature. 1 ' ca l u ork of ths whjgs, lias lessened the liberty vote 
Commend mo to your amiable lady, and believe me, | 'his fall, but it has rebounded upon the whigs with ter- 
rible effect. We believe it has deprived them of the vote 
of the state of New Vork, if not of other stale:;. 

It is their own act. In their desperation (hey have 
committed suicide, and rendered themselves contempti- 
ble before the world. We think this matter should be 
kept before the people until it is thoroughly understood 
every \«here. Let some. one. bo is competent, become 



truly yours, &c, 

James G. J5:;ctt, 

J. B. Garland, Esq. 

State of Michigan, ^ ■ 
County of (renesrn. <| 

J. B. Garland, being sworn, suyn, thai he had arc- 



ully compared the above copy with the original,. now in ; aoquainlpd n . ith the whole transaction from beginning tt 
his possession, and believes thc same to be correct. J P1K |. cond ;, nse aM tha? is ini , 10 rtant in tract form, and 

J. B. GAKLA.VD. (1, „„„.♦!,„,„ I. ».U-1i.«J \\ p ^Jj,. 



Ihrwv them broad cast over .the wad. — 
Sworn and subscribed before me, this 21st day of 1 00, and pay for them. • 



w-y &dinfi&r fvM '-.•^***.zr r .e,yi£_ tl ± w.-^y/Mnnanw. - 



Liberty in Use United Stales !! 0 57JR JEXC'JHMl.VGJES. 

Throe young men are now in prison in Missouri char'- j Wh^i we commenced the publication of the Free- 
ged with i i ling in the escape of Slaves. They have wm, • small sheet once a month, we had not the con- 
heen sentenced to 12 years hnprisoiimeat; throe years | fidesce to ask an exchange; but inasmuch as we began 
have expired without any manifestation of sympathy •• ith no other motive' than to help on the cause of free- 
from the government of that slate. They were men of'Idom, we have sent our paper to all known abolitionists 
unsullied characters, engaged in works of benevolsoce. S i» the State end many who are not abolitionists, and to 

Jonathan Walker of Mass, lies in prison in Peusaco-Jall the Liberty Papers, where we have known. the ad- j persons who had become disgusted at the selfishness 
la, and Rev, Charles T.' Torry in jail in Baltimore, <$har- j dress'. We have distributed twice as many papers as j-which appeared to prevail in both the other pa; tie; ai 
ged with the same offence, loaded with irons. \ we have had subscribers for, and have done it exclu j bad -resolved to stay away from tlx polls, »u<1 L.v. • n • 

The Rev. Calvin Fairbanks of Ohio, and Miss. Delia ; sivc% at our own expense. \ wing more to do with politics. 

A. Webster of Oberlin, niocs of Hon: Daniel Webster,'* j ' We have had the satisfaction of receiving nearly all j But when the question was fairly pfes< tiled [)< tor 
are now in jail in Lexington Kentucky, "under charge J the Liberty papers in exchange where we have sent the them, and they saw that by going to fhe ballot bos «n< 



A Correspondent WrUes; 

During the fate Hb&eu&i! 
election I was in Blooming Grove N. V. Th ■ 
of the people in that town have begun to be. cansidcxabh . 
interested in behalf of the. Liberty cause. Twelve , > :'.. 
were cast for our ticket: only seven bad been give;; ;.• ■ 
fore. Two or three of those who voted this tms'e weio 



of "negro stealing," the Jailor writes, WJ certify for (jood . Fre.eman, and feel grateful fork, because it has given 
cause, I have had the said Fairbanks ironed," I us important intelligence from all parte of the country, 

It will no doubt be for the good of the cause of negro tpd we have faithfully distributed our exchange papers 
stealing, 'these things call for the speedy interference j among the people, and by. this meajs, we have done 



casting their voles for the Liberty ticket i\i> 
ert an influence for the oppressed; i! ny 
They felt that they could now vote in sue; 



isk-G 



rl'fi hB 



One of them, a \i. 



I have fn\'% 



ssing upon it. 

of the free .States. Shall oav live and respectable citi- j much to prepare the way for efficient future action at i spoken man, having deposited his vote , was about I 
sens be incarcerated in loathsome prisons, with common the ballot box in New Jersey. . '(leave the polls, when au individual pv sei . ••miaikeu 

felons, under the most false and frivolous pretences; 1 We intend to continue using the papers we receive in j "There, you have thrown away your vote!" ^No'Wul 
whipped in ike public streets without' trial, while enga- 1 the same way in future, arid we hope soon, to come, up I he, "1 haw up; throw n away my vofo, 
ged in lawful business; and outraged in evf ry possible ! .weekly to the battle ourselves; but this will depend up- j for Cod, and it it: registered in maven. ' 
manner, and no notice takjn of it by the states whose on the aid we receive; we canifot do any more thau we ; -o — u--«- 

cjitizens are thus outraged ' We believe not. A few are now doing without more support from othevs. «Bnc*K it Down " Thfeseems •;' • 

more siich outrages v ill no doubt, arouse the just i-o- ; We also intend to give a list of the Liberty party pa- i Q £ Whigs this yettr in reference to th< Lib 
s-ntinenl of the people, and operate for the "good of the pers as fast as space will permit; with a view of getting I The Boston Chronicle suvs that a man of 
cause." j 'them before the people, and giving information where ! tinable veracity rode in the cars with an Old friend fro: 
' Probably not a niece < ,f Daniel Webster. i they can be had, so that any who choose can subscribe,.' Maire— a Whig- who said in substance We j tVJu : 



ocr- 
* 

ues- 



Vrec llepuMic! 



\ and get intelligence from any part of the country. 



have no "expectation of carrying our Slate for Clay. 

, , , — We have bent all our efforts" tills year to bnafc >;;■ 

We had it in our power to give in our last, but a very j 'be Liberty party, and if we can get them to vot« c-itb 

I for Clay or Polk, wc don't earn which, they are g >ue. 
! The Chronicle adds:— We have it from (he !:«•.,». au 
hority, that this remark was made by au active Whig of 

Bangor U^xlt". 



Among the .efforts made by the whigs before election 
to frighten the members of the iibertv party from- their 

posts, and make them vote for Clay; the doctrine boldly ; return ef the Liberty vote in this State at th< 

advocated in Boonton, where there are a few natural- i ^ ,ol f r eleClioH - The political papers ,i^ew Jersey 

ized foreigners, that all such citizens who vote the Lib- r the Same m other Statps > the >P * m "f* j Mah " ' a , a ™ in Fryebjarg .» i 

ertv Ticket commit perjury, and are liable to he sent to ! re S artl lhc abolltM > n votes as of ' hp & M ! * . 1 

fhe" State prison; is the most ridiculous: and shows the P ort f f before election ' butt <> 0 contompt.bte to be no- 

.. , . /; m „„ „„. A„>„ ticedsfcer election. Before election they talk as if the | .. ■ . .he kighi siuplr. 

petty shuts resorted to, to wfieeflle men our o! taear •> 

lionet votes. A very desirable citizenship tvulv! in I 0,ll >' salvation * f thc couhtr ^ was 111 lhe Ub ^ \ The following excellent resolutions were ado- 

these F*c States it must be, when we e»r.not vote us ! aiter olcclio;i v ' e cmnot fim1 out throu S h lluir i 5a " ' a late Liberty meeting in Philadelphia 
we please without committing perjury; and making our- ; P rts owa tI,at flierfc ls such a P^" Resolved, 'fhat we are in iavcr of « tenlf lU 

.selves liable to imprisonment. "But we forbear', iiu I The 9n! >" rctu!ms oflibert y votes, at th ^ieiooer ne,- 
t .. • , . ... , , ■ •, „ , i lion we" have" s^'en iii the papers, were taken froio th 

thing is too contemptible to merit a coalmen'. r i > ■ 

Newark Sentinel; and that paper sot down the vott 



The Whigs call themselves the only true liberty par- ! Co " « 15 which we find ™ cal,,n § at 

ty, and their leader, the "great embodiment of Whig ! offx * to be 26 ' In lhp samc P a P er tfae L,bcrl > r voto ol 
principles." Their party contrails the legislature of j ™ P" 1 at 9 i a friend fror!! thatCoun- 

Kentucky, and Ashland is but one mile from Lexington j % roturns us 20 ' k returns lbr 3VIort,R Count > 33 » ,h(> 
Where Fairbanks and Miss Webster arc in prison, for an ! r,;cords sa >' • 34 " 0ur volc is smal! in New Jerse >*' bl " 
act of humanity, the former in irons. Let us now see j ,JU1 ' strength Js not what our enemies represent, owing 
if the Whig Liberty party of Ohio, and Kentucky with i t0 a ^»»t of organization; only four or five counties in 
her "great embodiment," will interfere and set thoir | thei Slate having a regular Ticket, 
outraged citizens free? — — o o o 

The doctrine of some politici«Bs at the. present day, 

that wo cannot speak of the Grimes of one bad man, with 
out praisfeg another bad mail is a most ritlic h is soph 
is'n • The Whigs Insist upon it that in exposing the 
crimes Of Heniy Clay, we are the advocates of Polk. 
This h to absurd to deserve a serious refutation. 

It iv©uld lir just as ->roper to charge those, who ex- 

, posing the wickedness of Satan, with worshiping Be* 1- 
i; h>q. Weil, vou lik.' to have good wages I suppose? i . t w . u . , .v, I .... • , . 
_ - ° o ii I zebuo, nut what renders the charge stih more absurd 

Coll. Yes, certainly, like to be paid for m is t!l0 1Vl tlial hQ Liberlv Editor or Lecturer that we 

oor, the laborer is \> or'hy ot his hire." . . , ... ,"', k 

' J ; are acquainted with, and they are numerous, has ever 

W lua. 1 iien vou should vote for Henry C;av, heV, ; . . « t v n n e .i_ 

•' - . . * " ceased to expose the crimes of J . K, Polk, as far as the> 

the man that will give us wood wages, . . , i .i < 'i 

, f .... - , _ , ° ,• nave been known; nor have they ceased to hoid hitn up 

Coll. How can that be f They sav Henry Clay dont , , . , n . ^ , • , 

. . , , , , - - « - i brioro the people as utterly unfit for the office fo which 

pay his laborers any thmj; but th\) lash. — it's no eo.i- k • • 

c- , . . , , «? - he was aspiring. 

feir, I go tor men that pay, and "Henry dont my, 

that's all. _ The result of the late election shows . very plainly 

Nkw Jerskv: — I he returns iti t>:is Stau; show*a small j '-bat the whigs hold the balance of power, and had they 
gain since thc October Election — As usual it is impos- j voted for Birney, a slave-holder would not have been, 
sible to get the true returns. . We think considering the j 0 l e vated to the presidency. But in voting for Clav, they 
unexampk-ti baseness ol die whigs m their reiterated \. a ; j « ™ „ ,»'_!. ,? j ■ 

falshoods and forgeries, their whipping and driving, V0?5cl for Polk > and the y owe rt to th " lr own 



"Henry <&ont Ptiy" 

Trie followiiig DSalogus took {»laco a- the iate ekc- 
tion in this place, between a. whig* and a working man 
from the mountains, 

Whip. Yon are a collisr, I believe? 

Colt. Ves, I am. 



coaxing, threaten! ' . b-'bing, and compelling; we have 
done well in gai n g twelve per cent, in one month. 



obstinacy in refusing to vote for Birney, that J. K. Polk 
a human flesh monger, and immediate annexationist i* 



Our vote in October was 115, according to the best! elected. Had they voted for Birney, New York would 
mformatien; in .November 135, vb Morris, 34, Essex; notWe gon , ; for p olk . an4 Birney would have recciv- 
29, Gloucester, 27, Hudson, 8, Bmluurton, 7, Susssx,7. 1 , , ,,, , * t ,.\.' 

The whig pap .rs report 9, for Passaic. ■ which we do I cd a wajonty-we should have a true friend of liberty, 
not believe is correct. A few vo. es in other counties, an( ' an °PP osc r of annexation either remote or immedi- 
as .near as we can come at them make 135 ' afte, at the head of Government. 



be sufficient in its magnitude to proper the 6cd$ -t stir 
..uman being in the United States; and that after rsta!.- 
Ashing such a tariff, it v. iii not be aSScuit to adjust that 
• oinor and insignincaut tarifi which protects; the gar- 
ments.' 

Resolved, That we. are in favor «f a ^nitcd Stau.- 
Bank that will honor a </»•(//*, drawn by the poorest ei; 
zen for "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness -/'ai-.e 
lhat after establishing such an snslitutu !• it will not : 
difficult to regulate an institution for rhe i . nefit of thcs- 
sordid minds .hat deal in nothing but dollars and cent:-. 

Resolved, That we go for a law establishing a sound 
national curre ncy, which shall lm-.ke every human being 
pass free and current throughout the Uhifod Stater At'y. v 
this, the petty considerations of cn's.andmills canea sir 
be settled. 

Resolved, That we are in favor of a ^uh-treasury fo- 
>-d with jewels composed of every human being withn. 
the United Spates, and so curiously constructed as 
to admit a coin lew than a whole man. After this. :•" 
box can easily be constructed that will I oh! "the rev< 
nue. 

Resolved, That .we are in fa vor of imeriu.: im|>rovc- 
ments such a< shall improve the moral- intelh ct-jat^ a<id 
political condition of man, and open a ."highway oi hat 
iiness," lhat every human being may walk therein, and 
breathe the pure air of freedom. After this great nation 
al work shall have been accomplshed, we sndl find leis- 
ure to consider of such trifles as Cumberland : mk^ 
railroads and canals. 

Resolved, That our first object is. to make a distribu- 
tion of the proceeds of the human race in such a man - 
ner as shall establish and protect the - relation of hut 
band and wife, parent and child, and brother and sister 
After that shall have been done, we can attend to tht 
petty consideration of -the proceeds of the public lands 

Trie Forged Garland Lettter.-^-Th- Ohio State Join; 
nal copies the letters of Mr. ESriiey, declaring iheiettef 
purporting to have been written by him to J. B. Gar- 
land a forgery throughout, and savs, "We shall unite on:- 
best exertions with those of our friends to trace the iry 
position to its source and expose the authors, ^hoevr; 



they may be. 
the subject.'] 



\tc;'_-ures h:iv-> r-lr^ady !:e-?i": taker, ov. 



( 



J 



POETRY. 



TO K VJtl SJELEjJEMtS. 

Of you, oh, ye rum sellers, wdl heaven require, 

An account of your traffic in this liquid fire. 

By you is thearmoi'the murderer neived; 

By you are the public with robbers well served ; 

By you is the razor of suicide guided ; 

By you is ourhoiy religion derided ; 

By you are o;ix prisons and poor houses stocked ; 

By you arc the doors of misery unlocked ; 

By you our asylums for insane are filled; 

By you are the troops of the devil first drilled ; 

By you is the fond parent's heart often krokc; 

By you the white slaves must submit to his yoke ; 

Bv you brightest' talents are covered with rust; 

By you are ten thousand now crumbling to dust ; 

By you hcl! throng'd by legions unnumber'd; 

Bv you are all happy pltces encumbered ; 

By you and your traffic all misery flows ; 

By Yor the sad grave o'er the drunkard is closed. 

Liberty Standard, Me. 

To Freemen. 

•'Do your duty. He will aid; 
Dare to vote as you have praved; 
Who e'er conquered, while his blade 

Served his open foes? 
Right established, would you see.' 
Feel that you yourselves are free, 
Strike for that which ought to be, — 
;God will bless the blow." 

Middlesex Standard, Ms. 



COLO VIZ A - ION BENKVOLdENCE til 

The kite Stephen Henderson of New Orleans; provi- 
|ed i i hi< will for. th" liberation of certain slaves', pro- 1 
jvidd thev would go to Liberia and on condition that ! 
i; thev soou'd ever come back to 'his country, they i 



should return to slavery ! 



A. S. Reporter. 



Horrors of the Slavt- Trade. 

The S >uth African Commercial Advertiser of Jan., 
«,>ys, that in some ol the slav-ng vessels recently cap* 
tured, the space between decks, where the living cargo- 1 
was s'owed a«ay, was 30 small that young clii^reti, 
boys and girls from ehjht to tw< fve \, oars of age. L'ould 
not creep in on their hands and knees -they were posh- 
ed in, or lying flat on their fares-, crawled in like sc r 



We recently had the Pleasure pf'ronversing v,ith a 
well-known Fi iend from Loudon comity V'iginia. He 
givesuBncoiuaging accounts ot the state of sentiment in 
that region. The Friends there arc renewing the ir 
cflorts against slavery, and; the public sentiment sus- 
tained such efforts. ' We shy to our friends throughout 
the free Slates, be of good cheer, abetter day is dawning. 
We know from, source's to be relied upon that in. K( 1 - 
tuck y, Vi.iginia, Tennessee, and Maryland, private ef- 
forts, .judicious, and more and more effective, arc 
now on foot against slavery. The time will soon come, 
when the fruits shall he made manifest. ''—rCin. It/raid 



The Clergy noth ing to do with Slavery ? 

William T. Hamiltan, D. D..of Modile,' who pub- 
lished under his own band in the Tribune; Ortob r :2f)\ 
184H, that h»- did not believe sjajecho'dhnftjo bee .si;/ 1 
and that he saw no more sin in pnrrluas\ii(f a negro than 
in the purchase of a Iporsfi, has recency visited this city 
to 'solicit funds fyr the erection of a Se.in Cha: el at 

Mobile, wh" re they imprison t ern colored .-.camen 

during their stay in that port. The America n Sean) >m's 
Friend Society cor.) mended "puHirdiher llauiil'tou" to 
I 'he confidence and liberal aid of the Chris jail < (i;:mu 
j nity, and Gardiner Spring, D. D., and 'Rev. Mr. Jaco-'j 
! bus. of ti'c Old School Presbyterians, and Rev. Edwin i 
|F. Hatfield, of the New School Presbyterians, and' 
compiler of " Freedom's Lyre, or Psalms Hymns, and - 
Sacred Songq for the Slave mid his Friends," invited' 

said Hamilton to preach in flieir pulpits!! .!. S. Hep. 

i :i ( I 

Mow Slavery plunder* the Siaje, 



A Twin-Uncle ! — At Massat, in Fiance, i n the 20th 
iilt'., two females, mother and daughter, gave" birth to a j Sixty-eight thousand dollars have been I 
rnalechild within two minutes of each other. The babies I State of Kentucky up to the pros, tit tunc, for s|i 
-.vere put into one cradle whilst ( he mothers were attend- eculcd as crimir.a 1 - !■.!. 
edto, ajid the result was an impossibility to distinguish j 
which was the uncle and which was the nepheyv.-- Ncn 
tinel. 



v nil- 
's ox 



list ol 



Tcetotalhrs. — We have never known but or.e Liberty 
voter who was not a thorough going teetotaller. He 
was a rumseller, and he stopped the People,s Advocate 
because it said so much against the traffic, hut he has 
latelv given up the vile business, and, we trust, he will 



Some of the Lib'-ity papers l)au». a itii?*tliii ■ 
Temperance Ho'els, for the States iVherc the pj perVajc 
published'-- wish e$j> New Jersey friends would 'make 
out such a list for us, we cannot even tfegin it ourselv es, 
for we do not know of one such House in the Stat'-.: 



'the only party that can say, "We are ail teetotallers.'* 

Granite Freeman. 



Ordination. — The iiev. Hem v ridden was ordained 
and installed pastor ol the Free Church in Boonton 
return to his anti-slavery duty. The Liberty party is j 0rt 30 1S44 The Scrm - on bv th( , Rov s> ^ Cuchnrn 

of New York, from Mark 1.6:15, "preach;he gospel 6ic. 
was a very solemn and impr, ssive exhibition of the 
necessity and character of the Gospel of Chiitfi. It 
was listened to with deep interes , am! will I , , \, ■ re- 
membered by those who heard it.' 

Ordaining prayer, and pghi hand of fellowship, bv 



CBacap Postage 

The Penny Postage system in England works ad- 
mirably. The last dates give'an increase of revenue, 

in last quarter, over the corresponding quarter of 1343, jRev Wm> p KusS( ,, of p 4)leis , )M , mtH ( |,. ( .,,, v S1 ,| ,„„ 
upwards of forty thonsand pounds sterling, equal to near and a ^ c ,i llg . He made a n.0.1 touchii. r-.allasion fM',, 
ly TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS. wickcd , rosc „ ption „ f Mr , U ;, dell m , ,,' , v , ,, „,„„■,. , 
That is the result, of a system, corresponding with Our sa|<e . ,, y the PrtsUvtery of which In- had been a member, 
demand of TWO CENTS POSTAGE. We w.sh tne membes of tha. body aulfl ofbkrd il 

The two ceuts system would work well here. Let us ' The , |utips aI)( , re8p0 , )sib j| lt j, s , „ i>„,,|,, r „! n 

^ 1 " c were ably and solemnly set forth by Rov. ) . Undi iv cod 

^«my.- Whnt has Unclf. Sam gained, by his ojj- j 0 f Newark, in hi.- charge to the mintstcr.'' 

The charge to the people, by the Rev. .Mr. Maitin of 



The Skcond Advi-nt.. 

The believers in t c.secoiid. adyeul Doctrine, as re- 
cently advocated, have .-et one time after another for the 
worlds* destruction. The last time set has gone by, 
and as we have froyj the first, oelieyed,, the world is still 
11: br ing, and things are going on very much as usual. 

The great mass of the conductors of 4hc political and 
n 'igious press, hav*- from the first, in an ungenerous 
and iiiif«-cling miinii i„lal-ored unceasingly to pour con 
t( nipt and ridicule upon the believers of that di.e trim 
Wit!) such we i;c>5$ have biwi tie least s\ mpathy. \V<- 
hiivu always rega'rrt'jtl the ^L-riles, as in an en;or, bijJE 
from the fir.-t, have b l:e\ ..-i.'it'icm irnly honest. Belie v- 
ng as they a.d. the grtat»mass ol them have douejii&t 
as they sliould^o. Jt was najhkig less than a firm and 
unwavering failL in the writle,; revelations of God f thar 
made them Millerites. Take from them ihut faith and" 
thev never eoujd believe the doc.rine of the second ad- 
vent. They erred in their calcubiti'ot.s, 'bet they have 
been consistent, and we repeat, believi:ig as they did 
thev haye done. as they should dV, 

I Bel :eving that the, end ol all things eaiihly was near, 
and that they in common'wiih al! tln-i;-- felifiw-bcingf 
would s^ion be exiled to th-eir final account; i| «as their 
duiy t« go out and preach. If they had pr<yi;trtv,,l'. e\- 
have been consistent in ffistrihuting .t among 1 he poor; 
! Foil i-toncy repaired ifietqt to labor fan h.'i IK . :v.;a| 
ous'Vnn,, ^easMigly I* W3eii tbiir fuliiiw v.i$u, and-, 
piepare ih.jm for the sole|iiu event so.nen 1 at h ind. 

'J hey erred 111 tbe'r enJeuhit hik b u thev have bOeh 
jCO!*sistent and faiihful, and so far vfp honor tfaim* 

We. Cannot say this of the great i\iuss of tho*e w,ilo ■• 
have en dea, cared to bold them opto ridicule. The his- 
i toiy of the lives of a majority of these, we believe 
[ would- be otfe continued history of mighty diserepencies 
between profcs-ion aed practice. Not r() wit i :hc sec- 
dud advent people. Their course of conduct has been 
in ac< oid nice with their bel ei", and sti for we feel that 
they are more entitled to our respict'and confidence as 
honest men, than those wl o have laughed them tfi scorn. 

We think those. chri -tin 11s, \<ho do not r.-ceive thuin 
without a iv dhiiinntioil ol rc. pic , are not w< rthy.lhe 
ikiu'C thev beair 



pressive system, in the last quarter? 



JLiberty Jffinstrel. 

* By Geo, W. Ci.ark, the Liherty Singer, is now 
in market, it contains some of the choicest poetrv, n- 
daptcd to the Liherty causr.'and set to appropriate mu- 
sic. We cheerfully recommend it to all the lovers of 
Liberty and Melody. . 

_0 0 

Massachusetts. — The Liberty voto is 10.959. In 
1843 it was 8,911, gain 2,048. 

Delaware. — Whig majority in the State, 21H. In 
1840, 1,U83. 

North Carolina — Wilis majority in the State is 
4,061. 

Ohio.— The vote for Clay is 155,113. Polk 119,059.. 
Birney 8,0f>0. 



New Vork, was such as we would like to have urged 
upou every congregation of ehnst aus in the !nn 1 lb- 
was not lengtiiy, but in. a, very forcible and impressive J 
manner spread belbre the | ebplc, their duties in 1 ifcr* 
ence to their min ster, and concluded bv' sayi.no but 
above all, let this Pulpit be free, urging with great pow. 
er the wickedness of trammeling one. who isansueiatde 
before heaven for the discharge of tho<high duties of a ; 
christian minister, who is bound to declare the whole! 
counsel of God-. . I 

On the' wholo the exercises-tbronghoiit were of the 
most solemn and impressive char icier, such as did lion, 
or to the heads and hearts of those who officiated, and 
the cause of truth. They will not soon be forgotten in 
Boonton. 



FALL AND WINTER 
GOODS. 

1 la ving- enlarged his Slore» is prfpareq\ to inform 
his old customers and the public generally, that he has 
just r< ceived a large .-took o iwi i. and winter cioous, 
and is disposed to sell for. ready pay, as" low as any 
othec More in the vicinity. Call'and axamine. 
Uoonton, " Nov. 2S, IBM. 



Huoplou lV<j0ib^gltm Tcn^pnancx Benev- 
olent Soa$y,~iW&f&& every' Muiiday eve- 
nii;$r in tiic Fcco Cliurrii. j£lt£lMltxfit$ 
President, 1 "red rick me, Secret a/.;/. 

Boontori Liberty Association — meets the 
first .Sat urday evening of every month. 
M. iM tiris. President. C. B. Nonis, See. 





nn w 





VOL. I. 



BOOFIOIV*, DECEMBER 31, 1844. 



T H E F EE E M A N 

\VtLt SF. PUCUSHED MONTI?!,!' BY 

JOIL'n GRIMES, EpfTOR and PidMiWoa. 
jBomiion, Moriis Co nfy, Xeto Jersey. 



fulfij her engagement. This lady resided twT) hundred 
mi. ! 'You: tl ■■■ plantation of Mr. C. -n.th" in 1 ' rior of the 
| State, and thith tilliam was despatched with the car- 
' riagi and horses to bring the expedted visitor. He was 
i obliged to wait a i -v. days for the lady, and while there 
' among strangers, and -with nothing but thought to ocu- 



pv dm, lie first formed the definite determination to es 
|cape, and make one effort to become a frer man. 



' T K H M a. j. -I !% 
Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numh< rs. 
10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

Ail communications must be post paid, our paper is j He was able in some degree to count the cost, and j ghiened and fainting Lucy, while he made bis own way 
published a' a peeuniarv sacrifice, and wc cannot afford | knew that if he tailed, a fate worse than death awaited j across the river; but when he reached the bank, he had 



iifiittediate neighboahood, they went for-a long distance 
up and ciowh the stream, until jusl a., day-brvak, iiicy 
resolved to make the desfie rate .stu mp. ;<• f-wirn aero;.:-, 
and if they perished, to die together. To do this, they 
w ere obliged to leave most of their few articles of food 
and clothing they h.id thus tar carried, and trust Prov- 
idence for :.ho supp y of their future wants. By mcred- 
ib.o-p*«?rtion& William succeeded in holding up ihe. in- 



to pay postage. 



• him; and his resolution was taken. But his wife scarcely strength to* throw hujpselt upon it. For seme 



I should he escape and leave her behind, or should he 
! seek the for South, and endeavor to find her, and make 
: her the companion of his Slight?' A moment he hesita- 
l ted. for the star of freedom pointed to (foe north; and 
j he knew not in what part bi the sca'e o s« -k his Lue\ , 
I but love triumphed, and the dav befcr he was to have 
ted id a gentleman bi high standing in the community, by | sla .., ed {<x homC) . he fled> iliav - n? no trace behind, by 
the benevolent friend a. whose house William first sto P -j wWdj his tfack niight be Covered. It was ci course 
ped in Pennsylvania, and they were afterward corrobora- ^ that'.he had gone to the north, and thus pur 
ted by Oiv who lute. ju»l returned from Canada, whtv 



From the Atlvocrlc of Moral Reform. 

The Grave in the Wilderness. 

The following narative, strange as it may seem "to the 
tastier, ts strictly true. The circumstances were rela- 



he had met wi h William, who was in a respectable bu- 
siness A; 're, an*t! had received the account from his ow n 
lips. 1 oy prove that "truth is sometimes, stranger 
than fictioli, Asa proof likewise of .love stronger 
than death, which nvny waters cannot quench., nor 
flood: drown; they may interest your readers. 

V/ tiiiam was a slave, belonging to the plantation of j , 
the Hon", V rri. C. oil Seizin" Carolina. He was a inui 
lato of :iiv" appearanc - and uncommon intelligence, and 
as the coa; i.n.an ci his master enjoyed many privileges 
denied to others of his class; he had formed an attach 
men: icr a young Quadroon, who was the personal a 
tentiant of her tmslfefes, and who had profited to the u 
moa- by the few opportunities aifoided her, so that m 
mind afflfd manners she was far superior to many who 
looked down upon her as a slave, with contempt. Her 
personal appearance was likewise, uncommonly attrac- 
tive, and poor William' soon found that ".though his at 
tad men:, was warmly ruurrt.-d, and she had bccon.t 
his wife according ;o he simple form recognized anion 
s'av s, his claims to the c hosen of his heart were net 
lib iv to He undisputed'. A gentleman (!) on a visit to 
his mastei sav the beautiful Quadroon, took a fancy to 
her, and by the payment of a large sum of money bt- 



jmreimr, alel • 
fat ' >." : but S constats foyer wasted her strength, and a 
■•aclrfn? cough told too ptaiuly chat her days were num- 
bered. For some weeks they jjurnoyed on, white her 
emaeiated'Yorm was frequently horn in the anns of her 
poor husband, until from sonjofo and farisruc he was 
compelled to drop the precious burden, and throw hhn- 

us;.'<i. I ui y was sens- 
ible that she was dving, and ber only remaining wish v as 
to reach a fr"c State, 'hat her last brea'h might be drawn 
.'"neath a fite* 4 sky, and w ith the blessed breeze of free- 
dom fanning her fevered brow. For this, sh- bore up, 
with a bburage and energy almost superhuman, but "it ■ 
w as not so to be. They had entered Maryland, and. were. 
::rul*ing in the prospect oi soon reaching Pennsylvania, 
y* hen her strength failed, and she became convinced 
..-.at her last Lour was rapidly approaching;. Thoy were 
in the midst of an extensive forest, far from ■he habita-' 

on of man., and this, which under other circumstances, 
would have aggravated their distress, was now the only 
olace ontheir misery. But who. can describe, or con- 
ceive, the aj-cnv of the heart-broken husband, as he 
razed on the fad"d form of the w ire of his bosom, the 
companion of his sufferings and toils, the being who was 
literally ail the word to him, and without "whom even 
jarodis'e v. odd. he a desert. Talc, on aciafed, but still 
'ovely, with hath her attenuated bands fond'y cTasping 
His, and her large dark eyes fixed on him with tea ten- 
der. comVlng expression of infancy, she lay like abnii- 
jed ro"d in his arms, calmfy awaiting the dr^ad summon - 
-•-, hich was to lefrtferhim a'ono. wi f hout one ray of bono 
or comfort from *he future. A'as ! he had not then 
learned to se«k consolation v hence aloe." i: can be <>•» 
rivod. Tbo bWsed book which brihgs life and immoi - 
••ditvio licht. v as <o him a sealed volume, re d '>.<> dfii 
i>,id evor guii'oc'" his feet to that dbm passionate Savior 
• ho wi*pt with Mary and Martha over the tomb of La;r- 
■ -us. v Who c?n wonder then, that his heart grew sick, 
and his brain turned round, in that dark hour, vhile 
images of tn^ past cam» thronging up before his mind, 
as if to mock h^ enruish. He remembered the ehiW- 
hood of his Lucy: the early love wh'cb inade ever lis - 
v»rv seom less bitter, and the few short months of v. 
d"d bliss, which had onCe beon his own. Then 
the memory of th" deep and hitter wrong — of avarice 
and lust, st"pping in b"<ween those v horn God hr,..\ 
joined together, end crushing human hearts With the 
relentless graso of despotic dower. He thought too 
the months of 'oil and suffering which had fop owe,*; 



suit was avoided by l»im, in his perilous thght. After 
some wei-ks wandering, he reached 1 Alabama, and gui- 
ded by that providence which watches over the friend 
loss, he. came at last to the neighborhood in which th" 
plantation of Lucy's master was? situated. Having mad-' 
acquaintance with a slave on the pu.mation, he conti 
ved to send w ord to Lucy ha. he was near, and to en- 
ourgge a meeting And what a meeting was that !! 
His hunger and wretchedness, his torn and bleeding fe- 1. 
his danger, his suite-rings all were forgotten as he clasped 
dial beloved and. long lost wife to his heart, and h arc! 
her whisper words of tenderni ss and pity. But alas- 

she was not free, and her a'\.:n:e :r. gj - be no r. -J m i w vx ^tly; e 

thus brine ruin on them both. She must leave him,hui 
before they separau d, a plan was agreed on by »vhio: 
fhev might daily meet, and he had told her his wii«. 
tiop«S iind projects, ' to which she listened w ; th a smile 
o atfor incredulity. It was impossible, she said, for 
h tn ;o travel such an immense distance Without dis- 
overy, and to" one who had bi-er. delicately brought up. 
lie perils and sufi«rings of sucn a High., a' such a sea 
Boo were appalling. He plead his cause with alt the elo 
nence of love, and the assurance =.at he must go with 
out her if she refused, wrung her heart. When she next 
visited William, her mind was- made up to accompany 



came her legal owner. True, she v as known to he th- j ^ ft . (>||ng - she saidj thatshe had ra ther suflcr a thou 
wile of William, who was devotedly attached to ^' >' ! .^.^ deaths- with him, than to b. again separated, and 
arid if. was known too that she was purchased as tne i y &e p()Wf . r of her present mas ter. In one week, 
intended parajnour of her rn-ter, who w as a iMrnf ' (! : s ^ ^ ^ad? alt "e dful Reparations, for them both 
man; but Wilham might soon consote .himself with an j ^ ^ {m the iand ofIibertV) gu5<i ,.; 

other, and the ft dings ot the- v:r -tched girl were not one . ,v u> 
taken into the account. Indeed ss a slave, what, rigl | 
had. she to feedings on the sultjocl? So she was tomj 

away from home and husband, and friends, and carri d 
, : ,, , „-.„. ill onvations durine he sad and weary months which wer 

bv her hew owner to Alabama. William locked up h: - kuJU "" , 

i ,. . ,. . i „„„, ,k«.„»t ' ocennied in' traversing the swamps & forests Oi the sou 
sense of wrong done him in his own bosom, and tnough , -i 1 ., , , .,.""■ „ , 

, , , , i i • . i hem States. All mtrht the poor fugitives travelled, anei 

his m«rrv laugh was huabeu. and his brow was always : ^•"■^ 1> - "V e n ' 

, , v , " . • • • '.i r -."u ; Inrinc the dav. faint and. 'oi' worn, thev lay conceal c, 

clouded, h, : attended to m» dun-. ss with the same iauh- ; - ,U), -B uu „ 1 " , ' /. ..... 

, c i-> . i • i • •> t'-e woo-l« hn-dlv darng to breathe, lest their hiding 

fulness and precision as before. But his sleeping am a t.-<- voo..». t.s.my u»..i j, , & 

wakin, droughts were alwavs full of one image-that of' ««* ***** kp ^ f~ T ^ Klrtd ca ^ W ^'j 
his d Led Lucy; 9 «para*ed from him foreVer, and com j food to Ehjan by th- agency of ravens, Supplied 
pellr d to forg'-t, in the arms of a stranger, the husban' 
who would gladly have died to save her from this dread 



north star," which has led so many pi! 
• tn-5 to hope ana happiness. 

I will not dw ell on the detail of their sufferings and 



hours thev lay there, utterU incapable of moving, and 
so completely exhausted in mind and body, that the fear 
of discovery ceased to operate as a stimulus to farther 
exertion. When at length the henuming Influence of 
cold, fatigue and hunger had in some measure past away 
they found; thgt the little wallet, w hich contained all 
their remaining provisions, was lost, leaving them total- 
ly destitute ot food, or a change of raiment. It was a 
moment of sore trial, but even then, they found conso- 
lation in the consciousness off strong menial afieetien, 
and the certainty tl.a* nothing but death' cou d . part 
them, for William was resolived, if retaken, to yie"W his 
libertv only w ith his life. From that day, the privations 
and sufii rings of the fugitives were increased ten foid; 
and poor Lucy, who bore them fell with heroic fortitude 
and unshaic ;i cor.rage, v. as evidci.ily diooping. She 



mode no < omr'bmit, aid ex< rtgd herself ever mor : an 



pelted to foWet, in the arms of a stranger, the- husbam | ->™ by means almost equally miraculous; and cok. an. 
who would gladly have died to save her from this dread were unheeded while they shared it together, 

ful fat- Could he not even now, rescue her? the ve Often, from their entire ignorance of the geography ot 



ry thought was rapture, but how was it to be accom 



j the States through which they passed, they took a wrong 



m almost in another world I direction; and after a Ion,: and (d iguing circuit found 



plisned? Alabama seemed to hi... 

and the tearful risks he ran in attempting to escape, were j themselves at the point from which they started. Often 
vividly present to his mind. Std the- idea haunted him j too, with alarm and horror ind,scnoabte, they heard thf 
continually, and while his sou! was thus agitated, an un- j deep baying of hounds in pursuit of some fugttiyes like 
cxpece d opportunity presented to caxry.his plan into j themselves, and trembled, lest at tl e nex moment they 
H.« master was away from home for the ! might dash in on" their r-.r -at, and .-ray them to their 
friend of his mistress who had been long | inhuman pursuers. A* one time, they cam- to a huge 
Dromisina her a visit, wrote to request that the carriage j and deep river, over which they could find no bridge, 

might k'.ent for her, as she was now in readines J and not daring to avail themselves of the terry m the , joyful reunion, arfof the patience and fortitude, rm.,ov • 



execution, 
winter, anel a 



which had sustained the partner of his flight, and made 
her voice to him as the voice of an angel. W unou.: one 
murmuring or reproachful word, she had endured a the 
hardships of iheir lot, encouraging and cheering him, by 
the buoyant hopefulness of her nature, in his moments 
of deepest depression. And now this cherised object of 
his lov« and care was dying — dying just as the goal was 
in sight, and they were aoout 10 enter ..hat land of free- 
dom, for which she had so pined, and which even in 
dreams -.vas always before her eyes. How valueless 
then, seemed to him the liberty which sue could not 
2>a'rtake ! How vain -a 1 die sacrifices he had made 10 
secure it ! While his hear! was thus wrung with an- 
guish, the sufferer revived, and after thanking him for 
the love and kindness which had been the blessing of 
her life, she entreated him to make no deiay uuor her 
death, but to hasten nis flight, lest even ..hen the pursu- 
er, might be on the tracis; and the cup of freedom be 
dashed from his lips ere he had tasted us sweetness. . 

'True to her unselfish, and affectionate nature' to the 
last, her latest breath was 'spent in comforting the poor 
mourner, who sat stupified with grief, long -after the 
spirit had fled, holding the lifeless body in hisar ns, and 
gazing on it with a look in which every emotion of the 
soul seemed concentrated. 

"There was darkness all within his heart, 
' And madness in his brain," 

During that lon<j\ long; nie;ht, in which lie was sensible 

O O / .90' 

only ot one overpowering, absorbing feeling of hopeless 
misery. But with the morning light, came calmer 
thoughts, anil as he looked on tne marble features of the 
dead, from which all traces of sorrow and suffering had 
vanished, he couid almost rejoice chat her pilgrimage was 
over, and she had found the rest 'of the grave. 

The day following the death of Lucy, was spent by 
the poor fugitive, on the spot where she' had breathed 
her last, and where her remains were still lying in the 
fixed repose of the sleep that knows no waking. VYnile 
he could still gaze oh the lifeiess^orm of his wife. W il- 
ium hid not feel himself utterly bereaved, but he re- 
membered her parting injunction not to delay his flight, 
and knew that one solemn duty remained to be perform- 
ed, before he took his departure. He must bury his 
dead out of 'his sight; but how was it to be done under 
his circumstances ? There was but one way — and with 
an aching heart, poor William scooped out the earth 
with his hands, on a side hill, to a depth which would 
rentier her resting place secure, and then prepared to 
deposit his sole earthly treasure there, to slumber till 
the heavens be no more. Once and again his resolution 
failed, and he turned away from the open grave, unable 
to commit the precious remains, without a shroud or 
coffin, to its cold embrace. At last, with the strongest 
effort of which human nature is capable, he lowered the 
body into the grave, and hastily covering it, ran from 
the spot without once looking behind him. 

He had gone but a short distance, when it seemed 
impossible to proceed one step farther, and an impulse 
which he could not resist, drew him once more to thai 
hill side where his Lucy w as sleeping. With maniac 
eagerness he tore away the earth that covered her, and 
almost felt as he gazed upon the body, as if his wife 
were given back to him again. For three days and 
nights, the poor fellow lingered about the grave, making 
several fruitless attempts to quit it, till at last, feeling 
•that he must soon die without food or shelter, he was 
Impelled by the natural instinct of self preservation to 
hasten his northern flight. He tore himself from the 
spot whieh contained all that he loved on earth without 
daring to trust himself with a single look. A few days 
travel brought him to Pennsylvania, and the first house 
he entered was that of a benevolent Quaker, who accos- 
ted him kindly; and bad'' him welcome to his roof. 

Poor William was toil-worn, and faint and sorrowful 
-still. had he met with refusal, his indomitable resolution 
would have borne him from the door. But the voics of 
kindness, so long unheard from man, and the feeling of 
security so long unknown, were too much for his shat ■ 
lered and feeble frame. He fainted iu-tantly, and fell 
to th ■ floor like one dead. The worthy family into 
which he had been providentially led, fed, and warmed 
and cheered the fugitive, and had the satisfaction of see- 
ing him in a few days able to express his sense of their 
kindness, and to give a narrative of his thri ling adven- 
tures. When able to leave, he was furnished with all 
necessary advice and assistance for th" prosecution of his 
journey. H is now in the British dominions, establish- 
ed in a good bnsiuess, and respected by a 1 ! w ho know 
him, as an upright and int"llig"nt man. But il is man- 
ifest to the casual observer that he has been a man of 
sorrow, and those who have heard his sad story, well 
known, that whatever objects may claim a parsing in- 
rest. his hear! is buri >d with his Lucv, in thai grave 
th" wild—ri" -s, where she sleeps in the dark and dis- 
t forest of eastern Maryland. • • ■ 



THE IVEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN, 

BOOxSi^ c^.i;»ii>^l. 3*1, 1844. 



meeting. *• •. 

The perusal of Mr. Freeman's article brought sever- 
al thoughts lo our mind to which we would like to give 
full expression, if time and space would permit, hut as 
— | :t is, we can only say a few words. Camp and throve 
Let us tiuo w oil the uwoit — cis a cobweb one at best, mee tj n gs have been held frcm time immemorial, and 
and the world will see through it. L will not do thus to aave ;i i wa y S been resorted to by the persecuted, those 
.alk like phiiosopners, and act like unrelenting tyrants , no have been prohibited the use of houses in w hich to 
to be perpetually .sermonizing, with liberty for our tex ,^ ot together, and speak their honest convictions, to ex- 
and actual oppression tor our commentary. , ose error, and projuulgate.truth. This was rendered 

Wm. I'nickiwy, of Maryland, lecessary 1800 years ago, when Jesus C hrist came to 

! i deliver his message to fallen man. He and all his apos- 

Inall things that have beauty there is nothing to man i ^ ^ ^ successorS) for a long time were compell- 
more comely than LIBERTY Milton. d ^ ^ intQthe streets and lanes the fields and forests 

- - ■ — - , .. - ! 0 pj. eac jj salvation to men. Those who undertook to 

ixposethe errors and corruptions of the established 
church in England, w ere driven to the same. 
We. direct the attention of the friends of Liberty in the John Wesley not only had to get into the streets the 
State, to the JNotice in another column of the Annual fields and woods, but in many cases had to do this pri- 
Meeting of the New Jersey Anti Slavery Society, to be vatelv. The Friends, who laboured for the same refor- 
held at Jersey City on Wednesday, January 22, 1845. matiom were driven to the same resorts. In short all 
Let every*Freeman in the State see to it that the no- i moral reformations have been brought about in (he same 
tice is well published in his vicinity, and then attend i way. Americans are always free in their sympathies* 
the Meeting, and bring on others; let us see it demon- j for those who suffered, and were driven to those neces- 
strated that the vital spark of freedom is no? extinct in ' ities in bv -gone ages, and equally free in denouncing 
our State. , their persecutes; and yet the idea occuivd to us, wheth- 

Slave- holders not being satisfied with incarcerating ! er the same spirit among the people of New Jersey was 
for years in loathsome prisons, many of our most wor- I not now driving the friends of the slave to think about 



THE STATE MEETING. 



thy and respectable citizens, Torrey, Burr, Thompson, 
Work &c. but they have now sentenced to "two years 
imprisonment, an innocent and respectable female; con- 
demned by slave-holders to confinement, in a Ky. Prison. 

Come to the Meeting. Let New Jersey put in her 
voice. Let the united indignation of the Free States 
roll over the South in thunder tones. Let slaveholders 
find that in their frenzy and desperation, they have rung 
the death knell of their detestable institutions. 

In this day of slaveholding arrognace and desperatiou, 
who can stay away from the meetings. From the vicin- 
ity of Jersey City to N. York, we. do not doubt that a- 
ble advocates of the cause will be there. The friends 
there wid provide "plain,, wholesome food and pure 
water" for those from a distance - • 



Anti-Slavery Camp Meetings. We believe that such 
meetings w ould never have been thought of, but for the 
fact that those who feel it a duty to "break every yoke 
and let the oppreesed go free," are denied the privilege 
of meeting together for the promotion of that object in 
the houses where they have the right to do so, and where 
other philanthropists are permited to assemble. 

Churches, public Halls, school houses, and all such 
places, are in New Jersey with very few exceptions 
closed against those who feel it a duty to labor for the 
slave. Time-serving Priests and laymen, brace them-' 
selves behind their church doors, and; say "you cannot 
come here, this is not the proper, place, you'll divide 
the church." Politicians say you must not bring anti- 
slavery into politics, you'll injure the party." &c. 

Our opinion is that ail Churches and political parties 
that will be divided by anti-slavery principles, ought to 
be divided, cut up, and scattered to the winds. Tne 
truth is we do not believe they are willing we should 
discuss anti-slavery principles any where. Had they 
the power they would not let us carry anti- slavery in 
our own hearts. If our rights (which have lmng been 



j^uireeiy of the N. Y. Tribune lays down the rule 
that no charge is toJje belived against any candidate for 
office, which is made too late to ado t him time to refute 
it. This is a good rule. — Signal of Liberty. 

A good rule we say, and wish Mr. Greelv would j wrested from us) to assemble in public places, aud dis 
live up to it a little better. I cuss the principles of human freedom, are not soon sur- 

. ' I rendered to us, we shall go fq»- anti-slavery camp meot- 

j ' ings. We will assemble under Heaven's broad canopy 

The article on our first page, "the' Grave in the] and there tell of the wrongs of the slave, and expose 
Wilderness" is recommended to the honest perusal of! the wickedfiess and hypocrisy of pro-slavery Priests 

every individual. It was not selected as a rarcjtem in j a,1(1 ' Pol,t,c,aMS - 

the history of slavery, for the details of that iniquitous, ^ At a regular meeting of the Boonton W. T. B. 
system, teems from beginning to end with Stick fruits. Society in theVree Church, Monday evening Ore. 30 
• Tyrants may frown, fools and' unfeeling! minds may 1844, the follow ing resolutions were un;niiinonsly 
point the finger of scorn, and politicians niay bluster; ' adopted. 

we are determined to go against slavery in all its forms, j Resolved, That recent developements have very much 
political'lv, morally; and in every other honest way, until ! diminished our confidence in the f Morris County T tin- 
man shall not be compelled to dig a gravs wilh no tools ! 1™°'' %* ie ty al ! (1 wc fed . 6 * wi " d to ll [ ok to s<>m0 
, ... , . , e . , V . ,. ., other organization for successful effort m Una cause, 

but his ow n hands, without a friend m the sohtarv wil- „, , • i i i 

, ,, ,. .» ■:' " j. . • >_ * ■ , Resolved, l hat, we nave iindimmshed confidence m 

derness, and bury his own w ife, through fear of the hu- ])rin( . iplpS) th( ,' great efficiency, & permanently bene- 
man Hyena's ot this free and christian country. We fi c ia] influence of the Washington Temperance Bencvo- 
rejoice to see the article in the Advocate of Moral He- ! lent organizations. 

form Slavery is oftevast system of legalized licentious- Resolved, That in the opinion of this Society, the 
ness. this species of wickednes exists there in its mos condition of things in this County in reference to tem- 

„ if i • , , . , c i •. | perance, demands the formation of a Countv Washing- 

cruel lorm;. and no consistent advocate ol moral purity 1 1 



can sav, "let it alone." 



ton Temperance Benevolent Society for this County. 

Resolved, That the Secretary transmit a copy of these 
resolutions to each of the W. T. B. Societies in the 
County, soliciting their aid, and the aid of friends of the 
cause generally, in this movement; and propose the 22 
Feb. next, as a proper time, am 1 Whippanv as a suitable 



,tnti Slavery Cntnp .flretiua. 

V\ e published a short time since an article from Mr. 
freeman, in whichAe suggested th" propriety of hold 

ing an anti-slaverv Camp meeting as weather became fil ' place for a convention to organize such a Society; aud 
. We intended to offer a few thoughts on that subject, w (> propose that a committee consisting of one delegate 
■ ,- • , ,. .. , . , ,' .r • from each society, meet at the house of Abinthnr D. 

Iielore this, but want ot tune has prevented. As the . T _ . •" . „«■ , o ~>„i l- d Yf 

' Lyon in Parsippanv, Jan. 25 at 3 o'clock r. M. y to 



State meeting will be held before we shall issue anotb 
er paper we think proper to bring 'his subject before 
the friends of liberty al this time, as it may be though' 
best to bring the matter hp for consideration at the 



make all necessary arrangements for the Convention-. 

Resolved. That these resolutions be published in all 
the papers printed in the County. 

Frederick Stone, Secretary. 



I 



We copv the following article from the Free labor harpoons have to foot this bill; lor all the guns and long! /W lkf*lkfJT /M T ~M/g~jni J71 rfl y 

, . .../„.v...i.„.i .x /-..-.i...- i-jj »....: . butcher knives thai have been used since Cain beat his «^*«/»VT *J •JllJEjMl* 1. JUJJ %W 



Advocate published at New Garden Indiana; .Beujamm 
Stanton Editor. We believe the Liberty Party papers 
ar ■ all in favor of peace, and regret that they do-not be- 
stow more attention upon that subject — We are strong- 
ly in favor of Peace, and think it is a thing that cannot 
v-.t, easily be carried too far. Friend Stanton's paper 
is much devoted, to this subject, and we should like to 
see his example followed by other Liberty Editors. 
The War-ship. 
Yes, there it is yet ! thai huge lazy leviathan, with 
a hook in his jaws, feathered out to float and rot within 
the ;i oU ' sweep of a chain cable. Great, pampered 



butcher knives thai have been used since Cain beat his 
brothers brains out, never earned enongh to pay for a 
charge of powder and shot. 

EZEK1EL HUMPHREY, JR. 



New Jersey 
jersev 



L.OOM .IT AT. 

We give the following extract oi a letter from Judge 
Cheeves published in the Charleston. Cqurrier. 

The letter as \Ve find published in the Liberty Her- 



THE ANNUAL MEETING of the 
Anti Slavery Society, will be held in Jcn.ev Oily 
onthe22d. of January next, at 10 o'clock A. M. 

Meetings will be held in the Afternoon and Evening, 
j and measures will he taken to secure the attfindaiKri , if 
| possible, of Alvan Stewart, Horace Dresser, Theodore, 
I D. Weld and others; and as the meeting is to be held 



aid of Warren, Ohio, is worth Ji, perusal of every j SQ near , Vw York) w e have no doubt of having, the at 
Northern man, we commend it to the special attention [t . ndallcc of m abie ;m( , trie(] of thc slav . 



of those people of the nor. h who think they have 
thing to do with slaVery. 

Any president, who should be insane enough to plant 



bully !*swaying and swaggering about in this beautiful j himself on abolition ground in the canvass, would band 
ear after year, when so many canvass- vvange a ! the Souih in a solid phalanx as one man against him, 
hard at work, like so many bees; indolent old j and ring the death-knell of his hopes The uni ted South 
]. . . e -_ e | with but a respectable party at Uie North, can always 



harbor, year after year, when so many canvass- w m< 
things are 

drone ! borrow a pair of wings-if you have none of your 1 ^ presklencv 011 the objecl 0 f its choice and 



o> n— and be off. Your room is better than your com- j tne representative of its principles 

panv, and is wanted for mud-scows and other better j «Qur past experience; ic.o, has show n that the 
gu< sts. Arn't you ashamed, you pussy old cormorant, | weight oi the South has. been heavily felt in the poltical 
to be living on poor people's earnings at this rate? | balance, and has almost always monopolized high led 



Why, you are worse tban Sinbad's giant before he had 



eral office. The southern or slavehoiding states had 
1 1 six out of' our ten presidents, (Washington, Jefferson, 
h,s eye* burnt out with a gridiron: his appetite was not j Madison? Monroe, Jackson and Tyler; of the Union- 
half as expensive as yours; for it costs the labor of tw o I tn( . northern or non-slaveholding Stales have given but 
thousand honest men a day to keep you in lounging or- | four, namely, John Ada:, is, John <$aincy Adams, Mar- 
der. | tin Van Buren and William Henry Harrison, and of 

Uncle Sam ! have you nothing for this big ship to do? j these four, the two last named were chosen bj a large 
Set it about something; it takes up to much room here, majority of southern votes, and the last named was a 
Come, these Boston folks will give it a job that will set native Virginian, filially e, v 
all its lazy hands at work to some profit to the country. 
They want a thousand ship loads of gravel to build new 



two first 



ests of the land of his birth — and even the 
named enlisted a strong southern su; port. 

Again, of the six southern presidents, five were re- 
wharves with, and your lubberly ship here is just the elected to their high office, and each occupied it for 
thing for it. Up with your anchor and be off; — it is the | eight years, and only one, the prea$Q incumbent, will 
best°freight it will ever get. Come, bid it spread its j have occupied it but four years, giving in ail to ihe 

i • j „ ;<■;< a,. v Q „,t t~ „™w« slavehoiding interest the possession a d control of the 

huge wings once, and see it it can fly. Send to some .-, 9 r . r • ■ c . 

6 ' , .. presidency for forty four years oui/ot tilty-six, while oi 

foreign shore for a load of mules, guano, or sheep-skins; ! thc four non _ sfayetoWiag { n side nis, airee occupied the 



or let it go a whaling, cod-fishing, or after mackerel, or 
follow any honorable and useful vocation Throw over 
board that black, savage freight of granulated sulphur 
and cast-iron, and ship a thousand hoes, harpoons, hand 
saws, or any implements of honest labor, and set those 
able and costly bands at work'. 

Uncle Sam, are those your boys swarming out like 
bees upon that forest of bare poles - un - suspendered, 
check-shirted boys? It is a bad way in which you are 
bringing them up, in the sight of this busy, working 



presidency but four years each, and one, the lamentet 
Harrison; only a little month, giving in ail to the non- i 
slavehoiding interest the possession ami control ot the 
presidency for only twelve years out of fifty -six. 

So of thc rhief justices of the Union, the South has 
had three, (Rutledge, Marshall and Taney,) and th< ; 
North but two; (Jay and Ellsworth,) out of the five j 
incumbents of that August Judicial seat. 

At this moment, the southern or slavehoiding interests 
enjoys a monopoly of high federal ofice — executive, ju- 
dicial, legislative, military and naval: John Tyler, a 
Virginian, is President, and his cabinet consists of John 



Dec. 29, 1844. 



James B, Grimes, £< c. 



world. We can't afford, sir, to have our boys used up c Calhoun, a South Carolinian, secretary ofstatc 
in this fashion. This is a great country, and they are George M. Bibb, a Kentuckian, secretary ot the treas 
wanted to hoe corn, dig potatoes, and go to mill, and to jury; John Y._ Mason, a V irginian, secretary of w ar 
the dif.trict school, and fill other honorable professions. 

Send to Africa, and ship a crew of light-footed apes 
that can skip from yard to yard, or bask on your fore- 
main, and mizzen tops, and we will risk the country. 
To be serious, old fellow, you are making us pay too 
much insurance upon this terra firma. and we can't 



.harles A. Wickiiffe, a Kentuokian, postmaster gen. ra 
John Nelson a Marylauder, attorney general ; and Wi 
Ham Wilkins, a Perinsylvanian, ( the single exception 
on the list,) secretary of war. Roger B. Taney, a Mary 
lander, is chief justice of the United States; Willie F 
Mangum, a North Carolinian, is president of the Senah 
and John W. Jones, of Virginia, sp> aker of the House o; 
, Representatives, and Southern men stand at the head o 
stand it much longer. Why, just look at it for a mo- 1 of th „ important committees of both branches o 
ment. Take vour slate and pencil, and foot up the bills | Congress. Winfield • Scott, a Virginian, is made gen-; 
of sost you have made poor people pay for defence for | al of our army, and James Baron, a Virginian, seni 
a few years past. There, you see, don't you, that a n ; officer of our navy, and to crown all, Henry Clay, 



that has been earned by all the merchant ships, and mud 
scows and schooners of the United States, for the last 
ten years, would not pay the bill of your bullying, swag- 
gering navy, during the same time? Uncle Sam, do be 
a man of common sense, now, and listen to reason: if, 
instead of r/e-ferfce, you will take, all your cannon and 
muskets and make a Virr/inia fence of them around your 
new lands, and row all your war-ships up Salt river, the 
broke; -- of this old Federal city will insure the defence 
of all tMs American country and commerce for $1,000, 
000 a year, and make a "speck" at that. O, you do 

defend this country witl a verigance, Uncle Sam! 

Pretty much in the way that the rostering sportsman 
defended the peasants cabbage-garden. 

It is the sober truth, sir; this single war-ship, ever 
since it began to swing around its anchor in Boston har- 
bor, has cost more money than the wholesum appropri- 
afed i r ligious and intellectual education of the 
city during the same time. Think of that, sir! and ev- 
ery dol li of it lias been coined out of the sweat of honest 
labor. Men that wield crow-bars, hoes, hammers, and 



Kentuckian is the Whig and James K. Polk, a Tonne; 
seean, the Democratic candidate for the next presidency 
securing to us the future as well as the past. If this be- 
not thij lion's shore of political power, words have los; 
their meaning — if this be not enough to satisfy the SouJ 
she must be insatiable indeed. 



Wailing anil Gnashing of Teeth. 

The following precioijs effusion is from the New 
York Tribune; we give it as a specimen ot muehrno; 
of a similar stamp. 

"You, Third -Party wire-workers! forced this man 
(Polk) upon us, instead ofthe only anti-Texas candidal.' 
who could possibly be elected. On your guilty heads 
shall rest the curse of unborn generations ! — Riot in 
your infamv and rejoice in its triumph, but never ask us 
to unite with you in any thing! We prefer Calhoun and 
McDuffic to you. They at least fight a manly battle, 
and win what they win fairly. You do the dirtiest 
journey work of a party which despises you, and vhich 
will pay you for the victory you have given them by 
trampling on your Petitions and robbing the Mails of 
of your papers. And you will have the consolation of 
knowing that you have deserved it all. — TV. Y. Tribune. 
Try again, Mr. Greely. 



MAKING PROGRESS. 

A Meeting of the Whigs was held in Newark 37th. 
inst., William Rankin in the Chair: at which there was 
much rejoicing over the whig success in New Jersey, 
and much lamentation over the defeat of Mr. Clay. 

An address and several resolutions were adopted; we 
can only copy the following. 

Resolved, That as men, as Americans and Christians, 
we protest against the anexation of Texas — manliness 
forbids the robbery of Mexico — regard for the memory 
of our fathers and the honour of our name, cause us to 
w ork against a crusade tor slavery — and a sense of duty 
to Him whose mandate is to preach deliverance to the 
captive* and suqpor to the oppressed, impels us, while? 
we resolve ever to uphold our Constitution as it stands, 
o s PUggle fofevei against the extension of slavery one 
fopi-beyond its present confines. 

Resolved, That our fellow citizens in the several 
counties ofthe State, be requested to assemble to ex- 
press iheir irreconcileabie opposition to the Annexation 
of Texas, and the extension of slavery institutions 

Glad, Gentlemen that you are not willing slavery 
should be extended "one foot beyond its present con- 
fines," though w e think if you believed this a "duty to 
Him whose mandate it is to preach deliverance to the 
captive and succor the oppressed," you would be w il- 
ling to do something to abolish it idthin "its present con- 
fines;" at all events, we think you would stop working 
in defence ofthe slavery within our own borders. 
. In 1835, a great anti-abolition-sout'nern-ceax-favor- 
meeting, was held in Newark, pursuant toa call publish- 
ed in the Newark Daib , signed by more than 500 names 
exclusive of 16 names of business firms. Among them 
we find the names of William Rankin, and three others of 
..e officers of the above whig meeting. The business 
inns read thus, Wm. Rankin & Co., Smith & Wright, 
-:c. They were "makers of shrines for the great God- 
i- ss Diana," and the craft w as in danger; but they did 
ne work faithfully, cleansed their skirts of all anti- 
•iai'ery and quieted the .South as far as Ihey were con- 
erned. 

Newark has been somewhat celebrated for its .slave- 
whip manufactories, we wonder if any ofthe officers of 
he meeting on the 17th. inst., have any interest in 
hat I usiness. But we rejoice to find slavery getting 
oo unpopular to be extended. Keep on gentlemen, 
a e'll get you right yet. 

From the Liberty Standard. 
PAINFUL INTELLIGENCE ! 

The following afflictive informatoin is, received, which 
■ i lis thc death of Thomas Morris. He was an emin- 
. nt and excellent man, and had filled many important 
offices with fidelity and ability. — He had been a Judge, 
member of the Legislature, U. S.' Senator, &c. But 
the most conspicuous act of his life was his hold and 
dble defense of liberty against slavery in the U. S. Senate, 
in its wily attacks by Henry Clay. He is the 'only man 
who has stood erect in that body for nearly' 30 years, 
and for that his party rejected him. We hoped he 
might be spared to preside over that body, redeemed 
from the slave power, but an all wise Providence has oth 
rewise ordered. Let his spirit be embraced by those 
who yet remain to carry forward our great Hraven-or- 
iginated cause. The Philanthropist says : 

Death of Thomas Morris. — It is with melancholy- 
feelings we annouuee the decease of Thomas Morris. 

He died suddenly, last Saturday morning, at his resi- 
dence, near Bethel. We had the pleasure of peeing 
him in Cincinnati, a day or two before, iu apparent vig- 
orous health. 



\ 



POETRY. 

From t2ae liberty minstrel. 
TME FOGK VOTER'!? SOXG. 

Air— , ( 'Lncy,ti>'ng." 

They know 'hat I was i.oor, 
And the th 'is t that i was 



Fn m The Tc noerance Journal. 

Said Experience of a Drunkard's Wife 

W , Northern New York, Or!. 13. 

! Hev. Me. Marsh. — Iuould desire w.th mv wh le 
i hea t to ijo some ttiiog for th< glorious cause of Tern. 
I per 'nee. There s much ,)<» be don- ; but my abiiin is 
small. I will simply give a few facts of tny life, cou- 
! u'eete \v h inlemnerance. I was a y-«uug. artless 
igiti.au 1 iguoraut as to intemperance. Twenty- two 
years tt/i vi goo* inn. Eternir'y since I maim, d him at 
[whom 1 shall. sneak. He ■> is not a drunkard 'hen 
hut an i li'u il drinker. liy way of apology, 1 must 
sa< wo a 1 h d our bitters, Jhere was io light!! I was 
so ign»rant as to think if once, I asked bun, lor my 
sak he r.nu d tit once leave off But, mistaken gir. ! 
■ u.ued at .e.-e; ill mime hopes blas-e I ; ail ..tie sun- 
shine of ho e atpace clodded over. I ivatc ed bim 
closely, and uhe the dr. ad re litybn kc ippti my mini 
' it was almost to much to me to b' ar. f womd sit u 
n j^hts to waiehyhis return and 'he-jp !<ia meals war n, 
b i t last go to; my Weepies* piliow; t> moisten It, with 
; my tears; and w < n he e.me, he won!-! excuse himself 
in some sra <• H. manner that Would be <|n te saisfact- 
I ry. Thus passed mouths and years. At leuh we 
I moved in'o the w.-od:' as we called it, ami cleared up a 
j new farm and alu,o-t paid for it. We were well t0 
for new he-iuue-s. I think w.- had nine go d I a-'s 
I of goods ud -rovisio s and will) then a barrel of wh s- 
j ! 1 have noC« >rds to convev toany one w.. .t l..rk< d 
[in hat barrel SnffieHtosjs.it was uukindness in 
jail its v ricd forms. He would lea • e mc with my 
li'tl" abe niotrt after n-ght, till the' midni»nt hour; an- 
;(requ t<v al' eight. He ueglsc d his work, n.h.-ed 
so uuch a t our property was all levied .,n, and our 
j contra -t b . a e v i i. and. in tWo years, farm was sol 
from, under .is. and wc were turn d nto |he street, not u 
i home to I v ottrhc id- in We moved toa iitile coimtn 
> T ge, thci-e my sorro<" s were doubled, dmpant 
ud * lie love.oi'stro . • d in m .de him forget his inn."- 
t babe and Millermg i'e. We nin d asmal house 
j and I was almost fotgo ten. Th': long winter evenings 
I »•«";'• s ent bv my husband at t'.c grog shop or tavern., 
i ' ile 1 was alone in a strai g place. However. 1 i«rk 
j d light and da f to sap aort <\ lam ly; while he to. k 
< he money : hat 'belong o me and Jraitk it up No 
jt ' ° 0! ' — "oprovtsi'-n- ; sometimes he would s 11 wl a - 
is, to sv* ,r,en and w men with al le d rtv blackl V T 0:1 ' ,!)e "c asi ui, to get hqnor, he 

pipe in he, r mm) th 5 p tt.u, ..Wj -ud puffin- oui 7° ? t Z! °' ^ 1 was sick, but I seni my 
-smoke, .ike a walking s>am eni be** , ,e n "- v ' Ith mae ' Utte '-t» g"tsom- meal, while his 

ither was gone a fiumberpt days. M n a time would 

■ ie:ve me in the joining without <ihe stick of woo 
my door. We i.Wouid heu of him • oui poo c .Id 

e., woule cry but • oth ns> woul.l move ni m. Some 
t,me«.he wdildsiaj fi e, six. and . v-u < U en days, 

O one occasion i>e had hi* h-.se, harness uid wag- 
aa ken. 1 had :o g. and ,. a . for h w skv arid; ei 
e wagon. Mora hau once h' has come home ire 
iea,ded w.thpui mittens, or p..c!<et-hook, or hn.dk»»- 
chief. Once he nari seventy pounds of sausa es and 
t n dollars ii ci, .ri^'e; he we t o market and to k ■ >y 
itlrgtrlw th bin., and either all ugh iong iu the v ill- 
e; tne next day sft- ca chome alone^ainl a»ke - t- 
a her com, ?" a--d burn, into t- ars. I ha a ae six 
•ve ks old, a d t a, very - old; ;he last of Noveliih r, 

■ mo hei went h.h.i m 1" and hm ; d a h-.rse and cii • 
ior just as the sun \Vas si ki g be ind he lest.-rn hor- 
rizo' ; we started or th- ^e, and when we gottber 

tuund him n a ily diunkjh" g**rve me hree -hill, gs 
nd I iv* at o the mil mi b.. ght some c ar-e fl ur v . 
tthi there • nd .ca e lisia ce of live mils/th 
v bai, we turind o\er— he horse an uoni 



as 1 ; ; 

They th nigh' that I'd endure 

To be covered i'h d sgr ce; 
Thev thQright me of tiieirtxibe, i 

Who ou li tliy lucre float, 
Si th . . offere'i me a bribe 

For my vot'-, boys! my vote ! 

U shame on ury betters, 

Wh • wo dd my conscience buv ! 

Bui I'll not wear theii fetter-, 
No| I, indeed, NO T I ! 

My -vote? It .s ri"t mine 

To do b itn a> I will; 
To c a 4. iik pearls, to swine, 

To these wa'iowers in ill; 
It is ury eountr 's due, 

And ni :iv>- 't, • hile I can, 
To the honest and the me, 

Like a man, like a m .n ! 
O shame, &.c. 

'JN T o, n ., I'll hold my -vote, 

A- a treasure and a trust, 
My dishonor none shall ouote, ' 

When I'm (iriftgle<J t with 'he dust; 
And my children when I'm gone, 

Sh ill be .-trengt ie end by the 'h-ught, 
That then- ia er wes, not one 

To be bought^ to be bought , 
0 shame, &.c. 



Irom th- Temp ranee Journal 
Wh- re is the good ofsmokin? —and 



ow nasty 



The p actire ofsmoki • is productive «findojene; i 
opens the n. res r> ilu head t roat, neck and chest. »nd 
then going rnrothi cold, vour pores are sudden:\ cln- 
eed — hence a'ise disorders ot the head, throat, • 
lungs. 

'■Thetfse of toba-co." saj's John We .fey, "is an 
uncleanly and unwholesome self-iDtlulger.ee;. .and th 
more cu-tomary it is, the ...ore resolutely s uld you 
break ofi'ft>m ever degree of thai e- flcustorhJ?; "S u ■ 
taking," cou in-e.- he, '<ie a sill , nasty, dirt* rustoiv; 
a vile bondage, which we shoul ! break at one ." 

Dr. A In iu CI <rke 4n s: Th - c mmon use'f o 'sn T 
has a direct te 'der c to dry up >he brain, em ciat th 
hody, enfoeb'e the memory, and destro iji a grea 
measure the dedicate sense f - raellimr — !■. prod c- 
po dexies, ab-cess s, consijeipt ons, e neer on ibe lip 
and innumerable other liseasees." " * * * 

If is an uncl-aulvb 'bt; tvitat s 'he o'srans .fsm ' 
taints the breath; wentten- the -ight >■. wfthdrn - in - t 
humors fr -m t e-ves: impairs the gene oHv ur n « 
d-rs breilhin- diffi uli, deur vw he appetite; and 
taken in , und nee ;rts mm the -tomac and injures , ' 
a high d.'gre- th<- organstnf di • stio ." 
Let none begin to smoke, who nevgr s eked ' ef re. 
An.: th .se who us- d to sin k • now «m ke .NO MOK f 

' l am an abolitioui.-t. but I (oni like carivineit inf 
pel it cs." } 5 

Well,takr stnver out** p litics, ^d we wont ca- 
rv antt slavery n. W. Citizen 



CFNSUS OF LIBERIA. 

The t"tal population of this colony, in 1 34ft. was 
2S5H; of this po ul . i. u fi l5'u-ere children bom in the 
eo'ony. The avenge annual iimNa' ty is about four 
percent. The first prnigr n s ir>ii r t ere • lc< U 
t wenty lour ye i s ago. Churches 23 coe-mmiicnnts, 
Americans; IW14, reeap uri d AM iin-1 6. Airiea' ; 
total 148 i. Sehoos lt>; schoTais, A heri< nu, 370 Af- 
i ueaus in.-, total 342.. Convicii-.n.s— M u ,|er Uid- 
uappina I, mrglary 17, grand larceny 1-7. petit lar- 
ceny it-,1, other oiie..ces47. * * 

A- - e a as wte n-.w ecollect' a' leas' mie third 'nore 
pers ns have gone there fro ■ this country thun can 
now be fo md there, iucl tiding the increase of ii years! 
Liberty Standard. 

Li ie iai- said to h ive an e.xte t of '\ - milssoti the 
Seaci ast, and according io the accounts ot the c.- ioni- 
zat o iis-e, we would suppos that it was dmost om< eon. 

inued se.tlement the wh de e.xttJe.t, filled up with flour- 
ishing Tow s ..nd Vfilag.s. There., Monroyiu.Ed.na, 
Louisiana, Bass , Cove, Cape Pal.mas. Cal.-lwe 1 Bex- 

eyi VJiilsburg, S-oekton, Mars all, Green. He. .New 

Georgia an others, hi.-h aie Hour s . d on ,.aper in 
gfeat style, an I yet the whole population is only 2:3m, 
The average annual deaths st ted at lour p. r cent, 
is 94 in a popuUtoh of2»50{ The de tbs take iHthu 
increase bv births, and one thffdol tne emi rau.s. A. 
•'grave-j id" truh and vet it swallows the .. nvo- 
lenceefal -g port ioii of American Chris- atisj in ref- 
ei ence to the col. red population of bt se United Stales'. 

fhe Col..- izatiou Societv was-oga i.-ed iu .,?i;6, 2-s 
years ago. and we believe has evpe tied more than naif 
a Hitliion ot dollars. Call it bcnevbknceW siw y'., wd 
say, w-tn such oimageous misnomers; \ et the advo- 

■ates.-iths hiarilesa sc en.e of exp atriati -n. hav irom 
th. first, and are still, among the most mvetera.e. Qfiipo- 
sers of immediate »ina. cipatiou. 

We are unable to u ideisland how it is tb'nt'goo ' men 
can b. so uelude i as t 0 run after & extol this d. testab e 

ro slavery sehetne. 



LIBERTY MINSTEEL. 

A few copies of Cork's Liberty Miuslivl an for 
sa c at ihi- office. 

This is superior to any thing of the kind we have 
seen and sh add be in t e |>ossession of every one ihat 
loves good tiusie, -md loves to make a good u c of it. 
P- ice, 44 cents. 



nd we ere h i 



Congreg:itiottalism and 
Church Action: 

WITH the PRINCIPLES of CHRISTIAN UNION, 

BY JOHN KEEP, 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. 
This is the title of a Duodecimo Volurm ju>i publish- 
J, ein a'faitbful exposition of thejustj) wekuecele- 
siastical bod es, the rights of iudivid ml meuubi rs and 
t e evils ef Sectarianism. It is a work tbj» - „h be 
r ad by every man and woman in the land A few cop- 
i s may be had* of Rev. Henry BeieVo, B o io. " 4 K ... 



tr m 



. 11 honsi?: et.i 1 



TROOfS OF THE REVOLUTION— The 1 m' r Of sold 

iersfuraishfd tiy each section .ftiie c.uutrv is as fpl 

By New England, 
B.t the M ddle States 
Bv the Southo States. 
Th*; ivhul. numb, r of me 



117.141. 
66,57 i. 
57.279. 

fnrnfel ed bv South C..ro 



iin*, 7,447, v/hile Massachusetts turn shed o7,i07 



oug die deep snV.wt the fiist house; t ey got u 
audg toarh .rse, ud we. en he est of thv \\!U- qu it- 
omf'o,- tabic. 1 iititl- aeacak i,| the Hour, w'.iieiny 
ooor a.otuer 'ck ome h. horse. M> husBii"d we 1 
10 gel so a. flour two da- s bef.re. 

. wri e th. se injjuto .e. % on lui w .om.- hiir: ol 
j.y tie U Howine tvtm itit.un. erance I t ke a d read 

ithgivatcouif.u- ih« .Journal of he Uni.m: Ilov t 
he r u ,.t the. tn ,. erance cause is oiog in of er la 
r s. an ow oth-i annUes are finding relief. In th 
name ol ma«y . -le r omen sum ring the sunn thai 1 
sutii r. I ,i-k ha: t e I -cense systi m ma he abolished. 

There is o other w-.y to reiortn a b ref eid drunk 
ardonyt du a,,; th. license system, and impo - a 
h. a y penalt 01 all ., ho will t en si:!! s ritous liq 01 . I 
Our ea thly h.ippin s- now d,epe dsoii tin law do. g 
w ay th- ,sa of uox eatiny drmks rom .he ia d. 

The sir fc g < , 11,, dou, t, w ill be .. Jiard 0 in , h u per- 1 
se- ere and .1 id b a«- c - n plishtut, and (I oiisands »il 
r.se up and cull you blvssed tf>i your exo. lions. 



FALL AND WNTIER 
GOODS. 

D. C. JVORRIS, 

Having eulnrged Kfs Store, is pru pared to i-iform 
is ol customer's and the p bli'c ge. er.llv. that he has 
st r ceivd a arge -tr ek of tali, and winter g .. ds, 
<n' is d-sp-sed to .-11 for ready m»v, as |„ w as any 
tHer vtor in tie vicinity. Call and e a- due. 



BoontonJ 



1844. 



fimntort ' lashing 'tyn T:mpcmrm B>-„cv- 
olent Society. — rneets every Monday eve- 
ning in the Free Church John Maxneld, 
President. Fredrick Stone. Serrrtaru. 



liwntott Liberty Association, — meets the 
first Friday evening 0 f every month. 
M. Evans, Preuidcnt, C B. iNouis.-^r. 





EEMA 




VOL. I f 



BOOST OX, JANUARY ,] i, 1S45. 



THE FREEMAN 



WILL gl£ PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GIJIAJES, Editor and PRor-KU.ToR. 
Iloonton, Moms County, New Jiiwey. 

T E R M S. 

Single copy 25 cents per annum,. or far 12 numbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afford 
to pay postage. 

SIXTH. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE NEW JEK- 
SEY ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. 

W.e 'nave again come together to record, the transac- 
tions of another year in the history of the New Jersey 
Anti-S'avery Socibty; to take a review of tho past, and 
learn lessons to direct us in the futuje. 

Six years have passed away since the Society was 
organized, and if we' then felt . the necessity of toiling 
for the advancement of human freedom in our state, the 
experience of these six years labor has abundantly con- 
vinced us that we were notdeceived. — We have learned 
that we have nqt over-estimated the alt-controlling in- 
fluence, and the all corrupting power of the slave sys- 
tem. We have found it entwined around almost every 
interest of Church and State, as well as almost every 
other interest of Society. — It rides forth with restless 
effort to claim and maintain supreme dictating power — 
it has lashed the public presa of the State into its ser- 
vice, and with few exceptions, it has closed the dqors of 
even our school h, ouses and public halls, and almost 
universally holds the keys of the professed churches of. 
God. It has put forth a mighty, and hitherto success- 
ful effort to hinder human action, and done all it could 
to fetter human thought.— rlt has made it an exceedingly 
difficult, and in some cases a perilous business to advor 
.cate the doctrine of human equality, as, set forth in the 
Declaration of American Independence, or to yield obe- 
dience to the imperative commands of Qod, in dqing to 
others as we wqqld have them do to us, and in laboring 
to break every yoke, and let the oppressed go free. 

This is indeed a dark picture of things, in reference to 
the slave question in our state; but the labors of the 
past year have prayed that there is a sprinkling pf true 
and genuine Abolitionism in eyery part of the {State, 



I and he received no encouragem tu from the clergy, 
j »Ve believe by persevering effort, much may be accom- 
! plished in these counties,. — -In the Southern parts of the 
I Siaic, there are no organizations that we know of, but 
we are gratified to team that there is much kind feeling 
ind individual action, we have reason to believe that 
y organized effort, the friends in this part of the Sta < 
w outd <to much to facilitate the progress of the cause 
here, — In the Eastern counties, the cause is regularly 
hough slowly progressing. 

The time is at hand however, when we think many 
obstacles will be out of the way, and in these counties 
a more rapid progjess will be made, if the friends of 
freedom are not recreant to their creed. 

Tin-: new ceNSTiTi'Tiox. 
New Jersey originaily had a Constitution that made 
no distinction on account of color, and recognized all 
inhabitants, under a property consideration, living in the 
county where the vote " as claimed one year, as citi- 
zens entitled to the right of suffrage; — but under an ex- 
planatory act of the Legislature, her colored citizens 
have: been entirely disfranchised for a great number of 
years. 

Within the past year, a convention has been held, 
and a new constitution adopted, which found the ines- 
timable right of suffrage upon the color of the skin, and 
this cuts off entirely the colored people of our State. This 
Constitution was adopted in Convention with but one 
dissenting vojee, and that was not witheld on account of 
these odious cutaneous distinction. We regret to say 
that when it was submitted to the people of the State 
tor final adoption, it became the fundamental law of the 
State by default, only about 24,000 votes being polled 
from among 75,000 voters in the State. 

It is really mortifying to us as Jerseymcn, to feel thai 
5S of her citizens can spend six weeks in Convention, 
and then publish to the world as the result of their uni- 
ted labors, in the middle of the nineteenth century, a 
document that strikes down the Declaration of Ameri- 
can Independence, and perpetuates these odious distinc- 
tions, which have long rendered us ascoff'an*} bye-word 
among the nations of the earth. 

This Constitution, as much behind the age as we be- 
lieve it to be, and striking down as it does, seme of the 
most important principles of human rights, still in the 
opinion of many, it emancipates the small remnant of 
slaves in our state, from the actual bondage of chattle- 



ship. We will not say whether this was the design of 
which we believe will yet become fully developed, and . ° 

J I ilstramers, or whether it was the result of accident, this 

is not material for us at present to decide. 

New Jersey has'upon her Statute Book many of the 



er'e long produce an. entire regeneration. We have 
found genuine anti-slayery men whope we did not before 
kuow they existed., and belieye the labors of the past 
year have considerably increased the number. 



most abominable slave laws, and if the opinion referred 
be correct, then laws are rendered null and void 



At the last annual meeting, a resolution was adopted, , . i k , , . r c , , , .. 

, w , 1 . ' i and the colored man is free as far as he can »e, wink- 



authorizing the Executive Committee to employ a suit 



he has wrested from him those fundamental rights, 



able a^ent to labor in tho State for the advancement of - 

o H i without which he must feel himself, as he undoubtedly 

the cause; in accordance with this resolution, the com- 1 . , , . , . 

' - ns ' is, a degraded ana oppressed being, 

mitree employed Jaeqb L. Brotherton for about four . , . . . . , c . 

1 J " • . . . I At the last semi-annual meeting of the Society, a re- 

mon'.hs in the Spiring and Summer, and his labors have , . , , , . .. ..' . „ . „ 

' . , T , ,, . ,„. . solution was adopted, appointing a committee to collect 

been suspended during the if all and W inter for want ol , . , ... , . 11 ° . 
- 1 • . I funds, and bring this matter before the proper courts 

nieans .u pay. j for decision, so that our colored citizens may know 

Hi., labors have been mostly confined to the counties j ■ wh<>ther thoy are mejlj and own themselves, or ^ e 



of Sussex, Warren, and Morris. The labors in Warren 
have resulted in the formation of a county Society. 

In the Western counties of the State, little ojf n,o ef- 
fort had ever been made to dissemminate anti-slavery 
truth, but individuals are fqund in almost every village, 
who are willing and anxious to have the subject fully 
discussed, though, they are not numerous enough to 
frown down the opposition of others, and get suitable 
places to hold meetings in. All that could be done 
was in small congregations, in private dwellings, occa- 
sionally in a school house, and sometimes under the 



trees, — churches were invariably closed against him,}'"*' Umt ^ indicate a speedy overthrow of that sy»U raj 



the property of others.— Nothing has yet been done, we 
believe towards carrying out. the spirit of this resolu- 
tion. 

As the means in our hands have been so small as to 
exceedingly limit the operations of the society in our. 
State, we roust bring our observations en this part of the 
subject to a close, and proceed to take a view of the 
cause, as it has progressed in our 

Nation and the World. 

In taking a broad surv >y, and comparing what is past, 
w ith the present state of things, v o feel that the sign 



which not only chattelizes, hut brutalizes a farg^ por- 
tion of our country men, and renders insecure our whole 
populaHon.«=-The developernents of the past year fiasve 
increased in our views, if possible, the odious deform- 
ities of the whole slave system, while it has showed in 
new and more clear lights, the folly and wickedness, the 
madness and desperation of slaveholders, and- the. mise- 
rable subserviency of pro-slavery men. 

No sane man can look at the reckless and terrible re- 
ports to which the ad> qcates of the slave system are 
driven, without feeling that their peculiar institutions 
are tottering to their foundations, and are syon to be 
numbered among the things that were. 

In briefly reviewiugthe past year, we will first notice 
the progress of the principles of Abolitionism in some of 
the ecclesiastical bodies — The most important of lh< se 
is the action of the General Cofnerence of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Although it is denied by the lead- 
ing members of this body that it contained scarcely an 
Abolitionist, yet it is admitted that they are driven to 
the necessity of making a show at least of deposits a 
glliye" holding bishop, in order to save the Qhuieh from 
being divided and scattered to the w inds. The length 
of time spent in the discussions,,and the feeling devel- 
oped an the occasion in that body, shows plainly that 
they dare not refuse to give this subject a serious consid- 
eration. In this case we have abundant proof that anti 
slavery discussions have had their legitimate influence, 
and that the principles of human rights are making irre- 
sistible progress, and must e're long be recognized by 
every individual who claims the respect due to the chris- 
tian- and philanthropist. 

As another illustration of the progress of anti-slavery 
feeling in the Church, we cannot omit to mention the 
acuon of the third Presbytery of New York, in elec- 
ting the R.'v. Theodore S. Wright, a colored member of 
(hat bod v, as moderator for six months. Abolitionists 
a few years ago were mobbed for thus noticing-ouB fel- 
low beings when thev happen to have a skin "not col- 
ored like our own." We claim these,, with numerous 
cases of church action in favor of equal rights, to which 
we cannot now refer, as some of the fruits of the labors 
of Abolitionists in the anti-slavery cause; and feel that 
we ought to thank Gqd for the past, and press forward 
with increased seal and encouragement for the future. 
We can go forward rejoicing in the belief, that while we 
are laboring for the emancipation of the slave, we ar<j 
carrying out principles under which every other good 
cause must be . advanced, and the christian 'church' re- 
generated arid purified. 

Among the many evidences of the onward progress 
of free principles, we shall briefly notice the fojlowi,- - 
The wicked desperation qf the. slaveholders, in win, 
they betray the weakness of their cause, is, strongly 
manifested in their determination to enforce their heat, 1 , 
eirish and barbarous laws upon all who come ■• i-.l, , 
their borders. , when suspected of putting into fexercfei 
even in the most trifling degree, their sincere sympa 1 i. . 
for the oppressed people of the South. The slaveholders 
of the South cannot carry this practice much further 
without securing the United indignation of all .parties a 
the North against them, and we are not certain but £ha 
they have already done enough to secure such a res-jl 
We cannot. believe that the repeated indignities coin'mi' 
ted by the South, upon the free and respectable in! .ah 
itants.of the North, the imprisonment .of man v of ou 
best citizens , under the- most .frivolous pretences, and 
mere forms of trial, that are totally. at variance With 
every prim-ip! of justice, under circumstances that ef- 
fectually shut all justice out of the question; can much 
longer be continued, without an outpouring of Northern 
sentiment and feeling, that will effectually veb e 
Soiithr>rnrnsolen<4*. and tWrh Southern men that their 
ro^ant dictation; and bacbWous eiue-ties a . no. « 



I 



wajd to be submitted to. 

Thompsen, Burrand 'Work, three % ; ery worthy citi- 
zens ci Illinois, have been sentenced to 12 years im- 
prisonment in the Missouri penitentiary, charged with 
directin"" an enquiring fugitive toward the'land of liberty. 
It is said they were all in company together, and that 
but one of them gave the direction so anxiously solicited, 
by pointing to the' iNorth. f< It was not even plead that 
tht; fugitive escaped, but under laws enacted for the 
perpetuity of slavery in this boasted land of liberty, a 
Missouri Court has sentenced them to 12 long years of 
confinement with common felons at hard labor. Three 
years of the time have already rolled around, and no 
manifestations of kindness or sympathy have ever yet 
been made by the people of that State for them, and 
they and their families of suffering friends are doomed 
to all appearance to struggle on, nine long years more 
under these cruel inflictions. 



friends, and the friends, of downtrodden humanity, on 
the recent repeal of the gag rule in our National Con- 
gress. This is truly a great victory, and should fill us 
with encouragement to go on. The tenacity with 
which slaveholders have held op to this rule for many 
years, proves how important they considered it to their 



and what chance will am others have under like cir- 
cumstances. They have been tried before courts com- 
posed of individuals who traffic in human flesh, or are 
the defenders of that traffic. They with the jurors and 
witnesses have in most cases a direct interest in the 
question, and that interest invariably requires the con- 
demnation of the accused, — all have an interest of! cause- 
greater or less extent in the punishment of those charg- j 1 his bulwark of oppression is broken down, and we 
ed with offences against the peculiar institutions of the ' nia y soon expect the subject of slavery discussed in all 
South. Besides this, there is a public sentiment to j ' te lengths and breadths. 

overawe, and prevent the due course of justice. Then-j A Committee of the Ohio legislature has recently 
add to this the immense bills of cost, which in most ca- j reported a bill to that body, for the repeal of the black 
ses make it impossible for an accused person to maK<= ! laws, which have disgraced the statute books of that 
any defence, unless friends at a distance interfere and j State. In short we feel that the Legislatures of the 
contribute the means. . , j free states are very nearly prepared to act on all sub- 

Miss Webster states at the conclusion of her letter, j jeets appertaining to human liberty as becomes rational 
which was written some time before her trial, that her j beings. This is owing to a more healthy public senli- 



lawyer's fees amounted to $750, and made this aston- I ment, brought about by the numerous anti-slavery dis- 
The Rev. C. T. Torrey, a citizen of Massachusetts, j ishing declaration, if anything about slavery can be as- j cushions in those states, and it gives us grea* cause for 
charged with aid in" a few fclldw being- to the land of \ 'omshing, that such was the state of public sentiment, j rejoicing, that the same discussions are already going 
freedom, where they might enjoy the privilege of cwn- j <-hat lawyers did not . like to risk their reputations by j on in' some ofthe slave states. Delaware, Maryland, 
in? themselves, is doomed to six years imprisonment in j pleading her cause,— that is, to plead the_ cause of an \ Virginia and Kentucky are fast "developing a strong an- 
Mcryiand, a! hard labor, without any hope of rescue, innocent and resgectable female: How entirely desti- J :i-slavery feeling.— Delaware has her fre;;uent public 
but. hi an overpowering expression of public sentiment tute of every clement of justice are these Southern discussions, without molestation, and Virginia -has hc-r 



at the North, such as will effect an entire revolution at 

South. iT^WBr^'iuiW'/lt • ni If -* * ■ * 

Jonathan Walker, another respectable citizen of Mass. 

has been punished by branding, the pillory,* fine and im- 
prisonment, and is now still confined in Pensacola. 

John D. Lane, a colored man, is going through a 
twelve years imprisonment in a Virginia penitentiary, 
charged with befriending a fellow being under similar 
circumstances. 



Courts! 

We are clear in the belief that they were all fount! 
guiity before trial, and that this business will continue 
until the United -.North shall arise, and pour forth On< 
voice of burning indignation upon the South for these 
multiplied outrages. 

Besides the interest which we are bound to feel ami 
exercise in all cases of on/raged humanity; wc hav>> a 
direct interest in the cases of Waiker at Pensacola, and 



citizens that dare walk up, and opeidy, in^he presence 
of slaveholders, exhibit their abolitionism at the ballot 
box, which to slave holders is the mosl.territa- sort. 

Slaveholders have found it lately exceedingly unpop- 
ular as well as unprofitable, to pursue fugitives at the 
.North, and the panting slave can now litid a secure rest- 
ing place in almost any part of any of the free states. 

'In short w*; feel that a rapid change is going on \o t 
favor of freedom, and that we can press forward with 



Very recently the Captain of a vessel belonging to Bush at Washington, who are suffering under United I our hearts full of encouragement in the work— and with 

New Bedford, in Mass.. sailed from Norfolk' in Virginia .States, law. Wc.as Jerseymen, and belonging to the 
After b->in» some i mc under wav , he discovered a slavt |g»«*t confederacy, cannot innocently remain silent in 
concealed on board, and immediately returned to Nor-'i *™ cases. While wc do continue inactive, the guilt 



folk, and there surrendered the slave and the steward ci 
his owh vessel, whoiwas cast into prison. He Hassmei 
bad his trial, and been sent to the Penitentiary, We do 
not know the particulars of this case, but we think, in- 
asmuch as no crime known to Massachusetts law had 
been committed, but rather an act of humanity obeyed, 
the citizens of New Bedford should put the brand of 
public odium on the captain of .that vessel; and that . 
should be held responsible for the return and surrender 
of those innocent men to Southern barbarity, before the 
court of, public, opinion at. least, in Massachusetts. 

Henry Bushes.. also said to be suffering imprisonment 
in Washington, the District of Cohunbia, charged with 
< beving the common dictates of humanity, bv helping a 
feliofr being from bondage.- 

Miss Delia A . Webster, of Vermont, is also found 
guilty of being suspected of a similar offence against a 
slayji holding despotism, in Lexington Kentucky, and 
i sentenced to two years imprisonment in the Penitentia- 
ry, and the Rev. Mr. Fairbanks *!s now awaiting his 
trial, in the same place, under a like charge, and judging 
from the past, we have no hope of his fareing any bet- 
ter than the others. 

Thus ten individuals are now groaning out a cruel 
and unjust servitude in Southern prisons, not even 
charged v.ilh an. act, that in our State, or any other of 
the Northern. States would be regarded a» a crimed but 
on the eontratTj ac'.: that e very true man whose heart 
pulsates .with- the common ' sympathies, of humanity, 
wdfald feel bound to put into execution on every. possi- 
ble occasion. 

These individuals, are ; most of them, we believe, 
men of helpless families, who are also great sufferers. 

There is one feature of injustice in these cases that 
we cannot omit to mention. Thev have all undei-gone 
the /ww of a trial only. A tribunal of justice, it will be 
acknowledged, must be composed of men who have no 
interest in the cases which come before them for ajudi- 
cation. Jurors and witnesses, who have even an indi- 
rect interest only , in the question at issue, are entirely in- 
admissabjfe in common courts of justice. This we pre- 
sume will not be denied, everv common sense man will 
dmH it; and with this view of the case, what chance 
;ive the individuals nllud'-d to Iwl for an impartial trial. 



the fullest expectations of success. The general aspect 
of things in our own country, is fnlljjof promise for the 
future. 

And we find that our cause is making great progress 
throughout the world. In this cause our own naaon 
is travelling in the rear, and is taking rank with Spain, 
Portugal, and Brazil, while ajl'thc other nations of Eu- 
rope, and some others of the semi-barbarous stamp, are 

engaged in a war against all involuntary servitude, wiih- 
i -ights to due course of law, is the treatment Mr. Hoar j out cr j mc 

has received from the Governor and Legislature of Groat Britain continues to take the bad « this enter- 
south Carolina. This state, with some others, subjects > ^e, after haT ; ng emancipaied ll0| . CWIlslaT at „ 
.i,efrce citizens of color arriving m their ports to im- ; cosf of $100,000,000, according to a recent statement 
prisonment during the stay of the v essel, without even J 0 f Mr. Calhoun, Secretary of State, she has spent anoth- 
the charge or pretence of crime. In these casee the j er $100,000,000 in efforts to suppress the foreign slave 



s ours in common with the rest, and we leave it with 
his' society to say w hat action shall be taken in refer- 
•nee to these matters. 

Another proof of the progress of our cause, and the 
he determination of slaveholders not to submit their 



ownersofvesselsmustloo.se theservices of their men, 
he men must loose their own time, and what renders it 
gull more odious and absurd, these innocent men must 



trade; — while our own Government vessels have yet to 
take up th" first slaver, though they have on some oc- 
casion^ manifested great zeal and fidelity to the slave 



pay their own prison expenses. But these arc all true holding interest of the United Stales, by pursuing and 
•haracteristics of Southern justice. 
Free citizens of Massachusetts have thus been impri- 



taking up those who were making their escape from fhe 
bondage of the South. This is truly a humiliating state 
soned in South Carolina and Lousiana, and its palpable ! of lhm '^ but *? think that thv si S ns of lhe tiint> s indi- 
iniustice has induced Massachusetts to send, agents tol cato vor >' c,ettrl >' ^ a ' c - risis is at liaD<I >and that the 

those two states, to have the constitutionality of those i ind '- nant fi ** M * Rn of the Nortu wi " arisp »' their 
i i ; . . j • .i I might, and resolve no longer to be ruled, or permit f in- 

laws peaceably ksted in lhe proper courts. \ . , , S , w |«l«Ul wit, 

.'. „ , ■ .l . it II i i • i , I nation to be ruled bv 2a0,000 slaveholders. 

It is well known that Mr. Hoar has been violently I 

expelled from South Carolina by the legislature of that i ' 

state, and Mr. Hubbard is promised even worse treat- Among the evidences of the rapid growthof the Li- 
ment in New Orleans. These mea are the legally au-.j berty party, is the continued increase of liberty papers, 
thorized agents of Massachusetts, and it yet remains ^ intendedjto give a full list of them/btit tlu jejmrt 



to be seen what course hhc will take in reference to 
the treaimcnt her agents have received from those Stales 
Th> insult is of an. aggravated character, and we at • 
bound to render Massachusetts our sympathy and sup- 
port. The cause we have direct interest in, our own 
free citizens are liable to be imprisoned under the same 
luws, and we should make common cause with her in 
this matter. — South Carolina dare not take a colored 
seaman from any foreign vessel in her ports, and it 



Mid proceedings of the state society have crowded 
out this, and much other matter. One daily, and three 
br four weekly Liberty pipers have sprung into exist- 
ence since the election, and preparations are making for 
several others. 

When we look back upon the desperate means made 
use of to destroy the Liberty party, during the lust elec- 
tioneering campaign, we feel great cause for rejoicing, 
that as a party, we have not only held our own, but made 



amounts to this, that our own citizens under Southern ! an increase of 6000 votes, in this year of falsehood and 



laws, are not entitled to the protection that foreigners 
everywhere receive. In refusing to let justice take a 
legal course, they show the rottenness and injustice of 
their cause. 

Each year as it rolls around, gives fresh evidence that 
the cause of freedom is on the advance in our Legislative 
Halls, and we rejoice in being able to congratulate our 



forgeries. Wc can rejoice in another fact which tells 
well for our cause, and that is, not a single liberty party 
editor has been found wavering. As far as we know. 
They are all reading men, and it shows the importance 
of increasing papers, and their circulation. We antici- 
pate the' accomplishment of great things this year in ' 
this way. 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOONTON, JANUARY. 31, 1845. 



Let us throw bffthe mask— His a cobweb o'na at best, 
and the world will see through it. It will not do thus to 
talk like philosophers, and act like unrelenting tyrants; 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our text 
ond actual oppression for our commentary. 

Wm. Fin>'knetj,of"3lnnjhtnd. 



In all things that have beauty, there is nothing to man 
more comely than LIBERTY Milton. 



THE STATE SOCIETY. 
k By the proceedings in another Co umn, it will be ; 
seen that the annual meeting was held in Jersey City j 
on the 22d inst! The distant parts of the Slate were j 
not represented as they should have been, but the meet-; i 
iiig was one of interest. By the resolutions adopted,! 
it will be seen that the active abolitionists in the State, 
at any rate, all those who attended the two last state J 
meetings, have full faith in the efficacy of ballot box- 
abolitionism.— The resolutions after full discussions; 
were adopted ' without a dissenting voice. The re- j 
marks made by Alvan Stewart, Esq 1 , on the duty of J 
voting our .principles as well ns to talk about them, we | 
think were enough to convince any one whose mind is 
open to conviction, that praying and talking against 
slavery, and then voting for it, is a palpable absurdity. , 

It is hoped that the friends through the State, will 
proceed without delay to organize liberty~associations 
according to the plan suggested in the resolution. 

In any place where there is but one liberty man, le- 
him organize, let him make himself President. Secreta- 
ry, Treasurer and Agent, in short, all that is necessary 
to get and distribute tracts, papers, and whatever .else 
will advance the cause. Now is the time for action, 
we believe the people almost everywhere are willing 
to investigate and know the truth in reference to this 
matter; let them have the light. 

Our annual meeting was one of great interest, a num- 
ler-of friends, were there from New York and Brook- 
lyn, and participated in the discussious; and the citizens 
of Jersey City turned out well in the afternoon, and in 
the evening filled the Hall, and listened to tke discus- 
sions evidently with interest until a late hour, when the 
society adjourned. We believe the individuals at the 
meeting are willing to be enlightened, and let us see to 
it that the laborers are not few. 

It is hoped that the committee appointed to make in- 
quiries respecting the publication ofa weekly newspaper, 
will discharge its duly faithfully: such a papej I 
published in the city of Newark would tend j 
greatly to forward the caiise. The principles of liberty, j 
like ali other truths, will take hold of the people in pro- j 
portion to the light that is shed abroad; and a weck'y | 
paper will do much to enlighten the people of New i 
Jersev. Newark, though it be in one corner of the j 
State, yet from its easiness of access to a-li parts, it may j 
be considered the .grand centre, and we believe that 
6hou!d be the phfee for a paper. I 



In order to carry into op'-ration the views of the State 
Soeie.li , as expressed in the resolutions adopted, funds 
will be necessary, and it is hoped that the friends 
throughout the State will make a systematic effort to 
collect money, not refusing the smallest sums. A lit- 
tle money laid out for tracts, which will be placed at 
convenient depositories, will accomplish much, besides 
the Society owes a small debt which should be dis- 
charged. Let organizations be made, the money col- 
lected, and our next paper will tell where tracts may be 
bad. 



It was stated by J)r. Jewett, in his address at a Tem- 
perance Olio, recently, that there are, at the present 
time, one hundred and twenty towns in Massachusetts 
destitute ofa grog shop. 



SIXTH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE 
NEW JERSEY ANTI SLAVERY SOCIETY; 
Was he'd, January 22nd, 1845. in Washington Hull, 
Jers'-. City. 

Meeting was called to order by the President A. H. 
Freeman at 1 1 o'clock, A. M. and prayer was offered 
by Rev. Mr. Weed of B'rooldin. 

The/Secretary being absent, J. Grimes was appoin- 
ted Seeretar Pro. Tern. 

The minutes oi the last meeting were then read and 
approved. 

It was then Resolved, That all individuals present 
from olher states acknowledging our principles, be invi- 
ted to participate in the deliberations of the Society. 

After some remarks l>\ the President, the annual re 
port was then rend, and after sonic very interesting re- 
marks by Mian Stewart and others, was amended and 
directed to he published. 

Tho following committiccs were then appointed. 

Busies committee;' John Grimes, Al.vuu Stewart 
T. V. Johnson, Rev. Henry Beldcn, and Rev. A. 
LJ uderwood. 

Newspaper Committee; J. Grimes, J. L. Brothvr 
ton, Wright Plavell, T. V. Johnson, Richard Kel-ai. 

Nominating Committee; Josiah P. Huntoon, Swain 
A- Condit, Jacob L. Brotliertori. 

The meeting then adjourned to half past 2 o'clock 
l\ M. 

Half past 3 o'clock, the President being absont, (hi 
Rev. Mr Belden was appointed President pro. teni. and 
praver was offered by Rev. Mr. Underwood. 

The lusiiiess committee roported the following reso- 
lutions. 

1. Ilcr.ol ;■(■(!, that we consider it, not only absurd 
but impossible to *eparat« tree moral suasion from pol- 
itical action on the subject ol slavery — e.xis'ing us i 
does by' virtue of the. law inaktng power on/y— suppor- 
ted, strengthened, perpetrated and extended bv. ler sin 
tiori: it is ohIv by legislation, that its extinction eau 
exffectually accomplished, 

2. Rwtofoed, that no consistent anti slaver man, .can 

vote either directU or indirectly for slaveholders or thee 

apologists, and it is the boon en dutv of each voter, to 
vote for the Liberty Party candidate, or Litieru- Party 
men, at ea<'h City, Countv, Town, State or Nation i 
Elecion, 

3. Resolved, that each Town or City in the State 1 e 
requested to organise a Liberty Party in s- id City oj 
To*n, for the purpose of having hnovm friends (•■■;' 
whom we can rely to raise fun^s, to pay for £ traets, and 
toaiii ill tbe circulation of our 'paper. 

4. Resolved, tuat the following form of organization 
b" re.-omrnen^ed to our friends in tins State, to wit: 

"We, the, inembeis of tin Liberty Party abolitipnisl . 

of the Township (or City) of — -, do assert* that 

Slavery is n si'i against God, and a crime against man, 
and vb"i'hl be immediately abolished. W.e therefdn 
promise lb vote the Liberty Puny Ticket, or for Liber- 
tu Party men ut each City, Town, (.'aunty or Stat' 
"lection.*' . . * 

5. Resolved, that we recommend that each Town 
or City have a standing committee to provido each cir 
or township with :inti-s'a*e»y tracts; isnd for their- j-.tli- 
cious distribution. 

6. Resolved, that we consider the proposed an - - 
tion of Texas, >\ disgrace to us as a free ai d enlight- 
ened people, and derogatory to the diameter of om 
Country. . . 

These resolutions called forth an interesting discus- 
sion, participated In bv Messrs. Stewart, Flavell, Rav, 
Knigiit, Hill, Parmer, Underwood, Lewis, and Howe; 
and were then* laid on the table for farther consideration. 

The nominating committee then made the following 
report of officers for the year, which was unauimonsb 
adopted. 

For President, 

THOMAS V. JOHNSON of Newark. 
Vice Presidents, 

Chales F. Clark of Woodbury, 

John D. VI ills oi Warren, 

Joel Bnckly, do 

Benj. Crane of Paterson. 
Rev. Henry Beklen o B onton, Cor. Secretary, 
Alexander H. Freeman of Orange, Rec. Secretary, 
George W. E9teu Boonton, Treasurer. 



Executive Committee. 

John Grimes, Geo. W. Esten, Henry Belden, Swain 
A. Condit, James S. Norris. &Frederic Stone of Boon- 
ton — John -Lee-of B'o"mfirld. Samuel I. Dorrance of 
Caldwell, Wright Flavell of Paterson, John A. Payne 
O' New rk; Ja e Howeol Jeisey City, and Joseph.;. 
Fitzgerald of Wes Milford. 

The meeting then adjourned to maet at seven o'clocl- 
in the evening. 

Seven o'clorK P M. 

The meeting wi- a>. iin Cu'led to Order by The Pres- 
ide oan.i Pr.yer was ofier«>' by M . Roll iason. 

The Paper comn itte reported the foil-owing resolu- 
tion, which was adopnd, 

Resolved, That we b lievp, tk« ccusfr of Liberty in 
our Sta e- reqo res th< publicaii- n o a weekly Liberty 
Paoer; and that Th mas V. Johnson, Rev. A. Under- 
wood. Richard Kelsal, Alexander II. freeman, C. 
Peloubet and John Lee, be • committee to make all 
n-.cess i ry enquiries m referenr c t this matter, and 
repo t a' tne me. ing of ihe Socety in mav next. 

The Business Committee then made an additional re- 
i.o t of the following resolutions. 

Resolved, That » e extend our warmest sympa*hic3 

0 Mes rs. B'uir, Work and Thompson, who have' been 
confined lor thre-- years in the Missouri. Penitentiary, 

ud who are sentenced to remaiu there for nine years 
to come. — Rev. C. ,T. Torry recently sentenced to six 

,i ars confine ent in the Maryland Penitentiary, Capt. 
Jonathan Walke , who has been branded, fined, placed 

n the pillor . be te; and is still b. pnssoned in Pensa- 
eo'a. Miss. Del'a- A. Webster and Rev. Mr. Fairbanks 
now imprisoned in Lexington Kentucky, Messrs. Lane 
ami Buyer ;'n Virginia, and Henry .Bush in Washing- 
ton ( jty; all of w.iom are suffering imprisonment, and 
s ...e of whom are in irons, on the charge of endeavor- 
in;- to.assisi slaves to escape fr"m their oppressors. 

It matters not whether they did the things which are 
laid o their charge i not; ii they did, we honor them 
for it, and ogatd th- m as suffering for acts of philan- 

hropy and mercv; if tiiey did not, then they are seffer- 
ing-for '-eincr suspected. In either case we vie. > their 

1 uprisonmeut a id pt:rsecution, wi ; h mingledt emotions 
of indignation :*nd ^net, and we invoke the prayers and 
the efions-ot ever * friend of freedo.TT, for ihe overthrow 
ot'thi.t sjystoni of oppression which thus seeks the des- 

ruction of every one who would remember those in 

onds as bound w ith them. 

• . Resoived, tnat theforcible expulsion of Mr. Hoar 
irom Soe-th ' an lina. : i the Legislature and populace 
o that State, and the like exoulsion of Mr. Hubbard 
'torn L u.-iana, dri ves the unuterahle condemnation of 
ever just celov. ng man. and that it is the dutv of Mas- 
sachusetts te p' rsevere in this matter, until the eoftsti- 
iu ionalry m those laws under which the free colored 
l izens of the free states are imprisoned at the South 
vithoul the commission of crime, and that it is the du- 
y of nil the otiier states of the North to. sympatnize and 
o-b'pera:e with her in the work. 

9 Resolved, that the Executive Committee be di- 
rer ied to employ an agent to secure organizations in 
very township where it is practicable, and to purchase 
and distribute anti-slavery tracts. 

10. Resolved, that the Executive Committee be 
instructed to make arrangements to hold an anti-slavery 
amp meeting, some time during the ensuing summer, 
,,rovfded they have a prospect of being sustained in 
;he expenses, and can provide suitable speakers to 
make the meeting interesting. 
A collection was then taken up, amountingto $12,72. 
The eighth first resolutions were then taken up, 
and after a general discussion, by Messrs. Flavel, Robin- 
son, Johnson, Stewart, Parmer and Dorrance, were ad- 
opted. 

It was then 

Resolved, that a hearty vote of thanks is due to our 
Jersey City friends, for furnishing at their own expense, 
so p'easant and comfortable a place to hold a meeting 
ii;, a:id ihe excellent entertainment provided for .those 
in attendance. 

Resolved that this Society now adjourn to meet 
again in May next. 



Queries ? — If Texas be annexed to the United 
States, will England be restrained from taking hold of 
Cuba, by any regard for this Government? 

If Cuba gets in the possession of the English, how 
long will slavery last there? 

If Cuba becomes free, how long will this Govern- 
ment be able to prop up Southern slavery, with Canadas 
all around them, besides the numerous Canadas in the. 
United States? 



RESULT OF A JOKE. 
. The ^ew For* Organ, states that at Norwich, 'an 

' ^i5lfj1r'*ch"ri dresj,' three ot whom he destroyed by smasii- 
inew heads with a hammer, and ihe fourth, an in- 
iant, by putting jts head m a jar of » alur. The'prison- 

• ,'*r Acquitted on the ground of insanity. I is said 
iha!. Frost was formerly intemperate, but had for a long 
time: b<|en a sober and' exempjary man, and had" been 
tricked into the swallowing of a draught ot liquor by his 
.fellow workmen. ■ The scandalous joke had the feBect 
ot producing the dreadful calamity, which has been de- 

. fa» ed above, and ,the poor fellow, is now a perfect ma- 
'niac. Oh, ye tempters beware! 



A Goqd Story. They tejl a good story at . North- 
hampton about the editor of the New Orleans Picayune. 

He stopped at .the stage house, with the inteption of 
spending some da vs in that .beautiful town. , After a 
reasonable time he became dry, apd called for a glask 
. of brandy. "No," s.tys the landlord, "we 'have no li- 
cense to sell spirits— we don't keep the article." The 
editor visited the other public houses, looked into all the 
groceries and cellars, made close enquiries, but found 
. them all teetotal. He returned to the stage hpuse' with 
.a long face— ''•Landlord," said he, tell me the nearest 
place where I pan get a glass of brandy, for I am top dry 
<o stay here '.any longer." "I guess you- can" get it at 
Oreenfield, for they grant licences there' and it is said 
they sell spirits.?'— "How far is it?" "Twenty miles." 
"What time does the stage start ?" — "Twelve o'clock 
•at night." "Well landlord, book-me for Greenfield. n 
• Voice of Freedom. 



♦STRANGE INCONSISTENCY'. 
The Portland Tribune condemns, the efforts 
now making in bebaif of Mr. '. Torrey.,. and , Jon- 
alhoii Walker, "'who are .confine d jail for aidinir 
runaway slaves,. 'and calls it "unmerited sympathy," 
-'hopes no attempt will be made to interfere, kc &c.'''' 
This same paper nor long since occupied three columns 



and had just ben .vjild to a speculator, who was now 
taking them to the Charleston rharketj "Upon the shore 
w as a number of colored persons, w omen and chil dren 
waiting for the departure ol the boat; and. my attention 
v*as particularly attracted by two colored females, ot 
uncommonly respectable appearance, n ally attired, who 
stood together, a little distance from the crowd, and up- 
on whose counteances v. as depieftd the keenest sorrow 
As the last- bell was tolling i saw tears gushing from 
their eyes, and they raised their neat cotton aprons and 
wiped their faces, under the cutting anguish of severed 
affection. They were the wives of the two men in chains. 
There, too, were mothers and sisters, weeping at the 
departure of their sons and brothers; and there, too, 
were fathers, taking the last look of then- wives and chil 
dren. My whole attention was directed to those on 
the shore, as they Seemed to stand in solemn, submissive 
silence, occasioualiy giving utterance to the intensity of 
their feelings by a sigh, or a stifled groan. As the boat 
was unloosed from her moorings, the. cast a distress-d, 
lingering look towards those on board, and turned away 
in silence. . 

My eye turned to .those in the- boat; and although I 
had tried to control my feelings, amiflst my 'sympathies 
for those on shore, I could conceal them no lon- 
ger, and I found myself literally "weeping witj'r those 
that weep." I stood near them, and w } len one of the 
husbands saw his wife on the shore wave her' hand for 
the last time, in tok»n of her affection, his manly efforts 
to restrain his feelings gave way, and fixing his watery- 
eyes on her, he exclaimed, "This is the most distressing 
seeue of all ! My dear wife and children, farewell !" 
•The husband of the other wife stood weeping in silence 
with his manacled hands raised to his face, as he looked 
ueon her for the last time. Of the poor women on 
board, three of them had husbands, whom they left be- 
hind. One of them had* three children, another two. 
and the thiid none. Three husbands and fathers were 



On t Thursday, the loin mst. i»y the Kev. H. nry 
Belden ot iioonton, Mr. Asa B. Peloubet, to Mis 
Carolini [ an V'v inkle, ol Powerviile. 



Lost, — Yesterday, somewhere betweed sunrise and 
sunset, two golden hours, each secured with sixty diaL 
mona .minutes. No reward ottered, for ihey are "one 
forever " 



A MEETING OF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 
Of New. Jersey Arrtj-Slayery Society will be held at 
tbe pffice of the Freeman in Boonton on Saturday 8th 
of Febuary next, at 6 o'clock P. M., to transact Im 
portant business 

A full attendance is particularly requested. 



to excite sympathy in behalf ot a forger in this oily, , - A \ . 
whose crime was-.committecl under aggravated eireum- anudst ^e throng on the shore, witnessing the departure 
stances: Alas for the inconsistence of pbor humaii na- oi ' th '-''r--wives and children, and as they took their leavi 
jure! Should any honorable person attempt to justify a : of them they were fitting together upon fhe floor of the 

■-. _ ' ll0a1 -sobbing in silence, but giving utterance tp no com- 

CONMDER. J. plaint. But the.. dist>--.««i>,« scene was not yet ended 



T jE M P E R A N C E 
CONVENTION. 

A Convention will be held on Thursday, the 20th of 
February , 1845, in the Church at Whippany. for the 
purpose of organizing a county Washington, Tempe- 
rance Benevolent Society for the County of Morris. 

Let all true Washingtptvans in the country be at 
their posts on this occasion. 

Meetings at I o'clock P. M. and co: cert V, thy. eve- 
ning. 

Addresses by several individuals. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

A few copies of Clark's Liberty Minstrel are for 
sa'e at 'hi office. 

This is superior to any^ thing of ;he hind we hove 
seen and should be in tlie possession of every one that 
loves good nusie, and loves to make a good) use of it v 
Price, 44 cents. 



' — •••;- • • . 

We commend the following sentence from the Chris- 
tian Index, (Geo.) to the especial notice of our cotem- 

J :! It JTr_ II _i I ii i» . • 



poraries: " W<c are decidedly o f opinion these professed- 
ly neutral papers are more hostile to Southern interests* 
•hen papers conducted by avowed, but honest abotitioi- 
ists."—phr. Politician. 

The outspoken, honest abolitionists have. ever been 
more respected by slavebolers than their northern apol- 
ogias. If any. one would influence the south, let him 
plainly declare his sentiments and act from them; 

Middlesex Standard. 

The Horrible Traffic. 

We call the attention of our readers and ask them to 
call the attention of their neighbors of all. parties to fhe 
fol owing extract of a letter from a Baltimore gentlemaii 
. of the highest standing and -talent,- addressed tp the ed- 
_ itor of the New York Christian Advocate, and copied 
from that paper into the . Baltimore Saturday 'Visitor, 
w.ith the significant remark that " the writer need not 
have gone beyond our own precincts, to witness similar 
rry.ues of woe." Let all,' at the North, who are dispos- 
ed to favor the scheme of the annexation of Texas 
0 */« '■<' lerritonj, remember that sueh a measure must in 
• •^itably increase four-fold this dreadful traffic. There 
vv;Jl be jpytin the heart of every human flesh-seller in 
the Routji over such an event. ',■■»'■. 

As I wei,t on hoard the steamboat I noticed eighteen 
colored men, hand-cuffed and chained together in pairs, 
four Women, and eight or ten children, of the. apparent 
ages of from four to ten years, all standing' in the bow 
<>f the boat, in charge of a man standing n^ar them. 

Of the men, one was <jt), one was 52, three of them 
ultout 30, two of them about; 25, and one of thtJm abou' 
:»() years o age, as I 'sub^jquenUy .learned from th m. 
<\vr.ing near them, I perceived that they w -reall g^.'at 
Jy agilateil, and uppn inquiry I found that ihey wfflfe ai! 
tarns, who had been born and raised in North Carolina 



Sailing down the Cape F ar river twenty-five miles, 
we tou-ched*at the little village of Smithporf. on the south 
side of the river. It was at this place that one of the 
slaves lived, and here was his wjfe and five children; 
and prhife at work on Monday last his purchaser took 
him away from his family , apt! carried "him in chains to 
Wilmington, where he has since remained in jail . As 
we approached the wharf, a flood of tears gushed from 
his eyes, anguish seemed to'havt pierced his heart. 
The bqat stopped but a moment, and as she left, he bid 
fareweTto some of his acquaintance upon the shore, ex- 
claiming, "Boys,' I wish yo.u well; tell Molly (brewing 
his wife) and the children I wish them well and hope 
God will b|e SS them." At that moment he espied his 
wife on the sfpop of a house some rods from the shore 
and wjth one haijd which was not in the hand-cuifs, he 
pulled pfPhls old hat, and waving it toward her, ex- 
claimed, " Farewell." As he saw by the waving of her 
apron, that she recognized him, he leaned back upon the 
railing, and in a faK-ring voice repeated, " Farewell 
forever." After a moment's silence, conflicting pa,- 
sions seemed to tear his heart, and he exclaimed, "w hat 
have I done that I should deserve this doom? Oh, my 
wife and children, I want to live no longer ;" and when 
the big tear rolled io^n his cheek, which he w ipe, 1 
away with the palm of his unchained hand, he looket 
once more "at the mother of his five children, and the tur- 
ning of the boat hid her from him forever. 

As 1 looked around I saw thai mine was not the on!-, 
heart that had been affected hy the scene, but that th( 
tears standing in the -eyes of many of my fellow passe;, - 
gers, bore testimony tp the influence of human sympa 
thy; and I cqifld as an American, citizen, standing with 
in the limits of one of the old th'irteep States, but u ; 



Congregationalism and 
Church Action: 

WITH the PRINCIPLES ofCHRISTj \N UNION, 

BY JOHN KEEP, 
Pastor of a Congreoational Cuuncn in Ohio. 

This is the tile of a Duodecimo Volume jus' publish- 
ed, '.einv a taithful exposition of the ;ust p. weru eccle- 
siastical bod es, the rights of individual members, and 
the* evils, ef Sectarianism, It is a work mat .v.oiuld be 
read by every man and woman in the land A tew cop- 
ies may b^had of Rev. Henry Bdder,, B ooton; 25cts. 



he la-cmage-of Mr. lefferson in relati'oV to the' 
Hfbject, 'I tremble 



genet 

frhen I reme ni.e.. that God is jus- 
Middlesex Standard. 



FAhh AND WINTER 
GOODS. 

D. C. J^OliRIS, 

Saving enlarged his Sfegre, is prepared to Ufona 
i>- of - customers and the p. bb- ge lerally. that be has 
j st receive^ a large *tock of fall ANp winter ^ot-nu, 
an I is d sposed to sell for 

RE. IDT P.1Y 9 

as low as tlftey can he had at any other sUne the 
vicinity. Call and examine. 
Boonton. Nov. 25, IH44. 



Boonton Washington Temperance JJuht- 
nknt Socie/y.— meets every Mojiday eve 
ning in the Free Church Jolm Maxfield, 
Ptfsirhmt, Fredrick Stone, Secretary. 



houn&tm Liberty Association,— meets the 
first Friday evening of every month.' 
M. Ev«rts, President, C. B. Hmifi, &c 



/ 



THE NEW 





n, MAN. 



VOL. I. 



BOOJVTOJV, FEBRUARY 28, 1845. 



JVO. 10. 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

• .JOHN GRIMES, Em TOR AND PUOPRIETOK. 
Boonton, Moms County, New Jersey. 

TERMS. 

Single copy 25 .cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afford 
to pay postage. 



I '* a "umber of our hitherto staid friends had not, most 
I unfortunately got their feet into the Roorback trap. 
I Like yourself, I could scarcely believe it when I heard 
j it, but so it was; Birney had turned Loco was the cry, 
| and those who used to be whigs swallowed it, and those 
i from the Democratic ranks bolted too. ' Strange fatu- 
| ity. But this will never do; we must be better politi- 
; cisns than to be carried away by a dose of strong lying 
j just on the eve of an election, scared off like a flock of 
J sheep by a dog, or a group of children by a lunatic; if 
we are to be moved from our steadfastness as easy as 



i this, we M il) have enough of it,$nd will soon be the 

^^^^^ aa=H ^ =a ™ HH ^ =H : standing laugh of the shallow, and the wonder of sensi- 
The following communication was omitted in our ble men. 
December number, and we h&d not room for it in the ) I have seen no response to my 'suggestion relative to 
next, but we thiak it is not too late now. j an anti slavery camp-meeting next" summer, except one 

For, the Freeman. editorinl scintillation. I will not urge the -idea, but I 

Orange, December 16th, 1844. j should like to know what is thought about it. 
Dr. Grimes : You say you would like to give '» list of Temperance 

The official report of the Presidential j Houses, but do not know where to begin. Put down 
election in New Jersey gives Birney W votes, which i the name of Albert Gurnee, in Patterson, at the head 
is nearly double the number given him in 1840; we j of (he list. My friend and your's, Dr. Clarke of Wood- 
have then 131 enfranchised men in the State, j bury gave me the. name of a Temperance Innkeeper in 
who have sufficient stamina to withstand the seduc- : his town, but unforunatelv, as it sometimes happens 
tions of the slave power, in its New Jersey modifica- j when we write proper names, I could" not decipher if 
tions, and prove themselves true to the interests of the I perhaps he will send you a Woodbury paper with tht 

; gentleman's advertisement in. 



ALEX. H. FREEMAN. 

For the Freeman- 
Is it likely that the Liberty Party 
will hecotne corrupt i 

Much has been said of late years in this country 



The shoulders of these 131 men may be safely calcu- 
lated upon as the foundation of the Liberty party in 
our state; it is four years sioce we knew how many 
there were of us; we know our strength cow, and we 
know where to find its constituent parts; too much' 
scattered, perhaps, to make a concentrated effort, but, 
just enough to act as leaven, which it appears to me is ■ „ k „, ,' 

,i „ , rr ; about the corruptions of party politics That moss co 

the manner we are called upon to act, we are too weak t - ■ t \. , , f * engross co. 

f „ __i„ i „ • . - ' , i ruptions exist there can be no doubt. The ongaas a) 

to make much noise by the force of numbers; our ac- ; u . u j f -n • • , " , 

m _. , k , . . ' ; each party abound with accusations against the others, 

tion must be by personal intercourse; conversational! j * , , , 

amimM( atwl ,^4. j- ♦ -u «- ■ i- • , ',- , and many ot our citizens had become so disgusted wit! 
argument and tract distribution, judiciously app hed, are t i > M f ..• . • , . 8 ' 

*„ u • , i "»e proceedings of the two great parties, that for vear 

to be our weapons, and we must settle it in our minds L , , k S , ... S . , V ■ 1 7 \ 
that WP will Hnn,„ n „ i i? u j " us they had abandoned the pons, and retrained from a 1 

mat we will do our own work. Each and every one ... ,., \ .. , . , 

^f*k„ ioi t j -j /• , '• ,,. . connection with politics, while the evils complained of 

of ihe 131 must decide for himself that he will be one 1 u u .• u ■ „. 1 1 

e , , havcbeencontinuallygrowingwor.se. The number of 

of the vanguard, he singled out from the populace, be a wi,^ 0 „.i „ i, , A i 't v. u • 

, y \ , , tllose wao have thus stood aloof has been increasing, 

common mark to be shot at, or whatever else mav be ! 4 -i 4 i n . « . . ' . • 

. , TV • ' , , „ ■ y j until recently a goodly number of them have been ed 

ne essary toadvance the cause;-And further, that he to ^ and , he inquir> , whether thcy had a 

; !be ; M ^ * weave it mto. re,, day life, live it nght thus to wlthold thcir ^nce from their coun- 

Zl^STZt"*!?*?* ^****^>\£>* cause; whether as patriots and philanthropises, 
and satisfy them, that on this sub ect he is -wool- .u * i j . j > , , , 

, w .. . ' , . , ... ?° uo Jeci ne is uool they were not bound to do what they could to wrest 

dyed, that it is chinked into him, that with h'uv t u e i c ,i ■ ; I • , 

* V . ... . ' " Wlw : the reins of Government from the hands of unpr nc pled 

true democracy is a Imm, active, ac/r/rcsaivc realitv '■ - i • ■ • • H F 

, m „, .... c , . ,' , ,' "w"« ,Bwe rcam yT: demagogues, who were prostituting the powers with 
unsusceptible of being seduced, thwarted, frightened, or ' ' , l Ai a .IT' 

smothered y entrusted, to their own selfish purpo- 

c„ 0 „„ , iscs. This enquirv led to the formation of the libertv 

Success attending activity, and serous bss attending i t m u ••' • r • 
„i„,i,f i ■ . -i • , , * autuuing ()ar t v . The beginning of this party was small Oniv 

slothfulness, is strikingly exemplified in the history of ' f * n .„ ra -? v * , . . 1 3 , . 5 

our vote in Passaic County. In 1840, this cou^ ' Z I f % , • * v"! T ^ 
gave Birney and Earle 17 voL, one fourth of the Lib-i ^ CqUal "f^^' TT 
erty vote of the State; in 1841 Patterson polled 38 i ° f ^T'"^ 

votes, and the County Passaic 55 votes, within about a 1 T" 1 ^ i th6SR ^ ^ 

doze of what the State gave a year before.-This was j ^ Stl " d ^ ^ T ^ - - ^ ^ ^ 

a fine increase, and was the result of a few meeti ngs, " gh 'r T , the " B ' 1 ^ - hand, and the 

and some agitation. Had these meetings, and this agi- ! ^ ? Independence in the other, they vowed 
tation been kept up, there would have been 100 votes! *" and children, that they would ne- 

ver cease to carry on the contest, until our Govern 



there this fall instead of NINE. The Creole Cas 
happened about that time, and sundry other matters ag- 
itated Congress, and we fancied 1 that our efforts were 
not in pressing demand. — Congress had taken the work 
out of our hands, and would do it better and quicker 
than we: fatal mistake! superinduced by our unwisdom 
and slothfulness, and rewarded in 1844, by 9 votes all 
told. Let me admonish the 131 men of New Jersey to 
beware of the rock on which Passaic County, and es- 
pecially Patterson split, and to avoid it, let them be all 
at it, and always at it. 
But after all, we would have had more votes there,' 



ment shou'd be administered with impartial justice, atid 
an equal regard to the rights of every humun being, 
irrespective of color and condition. 

But tho' their beginnings were small, the course of 
things has given promise that their " latter end shall 
greatly increase." Four years ago they numbered 
about 7000. At the election last fall they came up to 
the polls with nine times that number. The eyes of 
the nation and of the word are now fixed upon, them 
with absorbing interest. But still there are many who 
wish well to their country and the world, who hesitate 
,,to connect themselves with this party, from the fear lest 



in a few years it shall become corrupt like the other two 
prominent parties. Is this fear well grounded? Will 
the Liberty party be likely to become corrupt? 

Without claiming any peculiar discernment with re- 
gard to coming events, I would unhesitatingly answer 
this question in the negative. And I have no doubt that 
any candid mind acquainted with the principles and the 
oiganization of all the parties would come to the same 
conclusion.* With the exercise of all my charity I 
cannot but think those who express a contrary opinion, 
are fettered' bv prejudice, and in want of information as 
to the true character of the Liberty Party. Permit me 
to give my views of this subject, bv asking and answer- 
ing two questions. 

1. What are the causes which have led to the en- 
tire corruption of the Whig and Democratic parties ? > 

First, I mention as the principal cause of their degen- 
eracy, that they have proposed to themselves a selfish 
end as the main object pursuit. While they have 
professed to aim at the settlement of questions relating 
to pecuniary interests of the nation, they have in reali- 
ty b*-on striving to get possession of the profits and hon- 
ors of office for themselves. This has been the case at 
least with those who have made the noise, and exerted 
the influence which has controlled the mass. But even 
the objects which they have pretended to have irijlview, 
are of no greater importance than the protection and 
increase of the wealth of the greater part of the people. 
They have agreed in turning- a deaf ear to questions of 
infinitely higher import; questions which affect the lives, 
the liberties, and the happiness ofa large portion of the 
population. In order to do this, they had to become 
mean and selfish, and it could not well be otherwise 

rhan that they should, become corrupt. An unworthy 

c,( ! dishoiidrable course of action necessarily results in 
a corruption of morals, and the longer that people pur- 
stie such a coarse, the more corrupt must they become. 

' Their principles of operation have been of a most de - 
moralizing character. ; 

Both parties taking it for granted that the ends they 
had in view were of the greatest importance, have 
considered themselves justified in using any means to 
secure success. Not satisfied with using fair and hon- 
orable means, they have openly defended the principle 
of doing evil that good might come. It is hardly neces- 
sary here to mention the betting on elections, the bribe- 
ry both direct and indirect, the circulation of false and 
slanderous reports, the illegal voting, and the worse 
than useless expenditure of time and money in theerec- 
j tion of log. cabins, and hickory and ash poles, with the 
[ p'entiful supply of hard cider and harder rum and bran- 
' dy. The patriotic and virtuous have witnessed these 
thiijgs, until they have been constrained to elevate n 
standard under which none but men of integrity may 
expect preferment. 

I mention one other thing which has a been great cause 
of corruption. That is the blind subssrnency of the 
parties to their political leaders. 

This has been such that whatever principles were, 
advanced by the leaders, they were sure to be endorsed 
bv their parties. Whatever course of action was pro- 
posed was. most readily concurred in. Their organiza- 
tion has been so complete that in fact the will of the 
leaders has been the will of the party. They 
would approve or condemn, they would favor or oppose 
according to the beck and nod of those to whom they 
were accustomed to look for guidance. I was struck 
with a little illustration of this some time since, at a 
great mass meeting of one of the parties. The number 
of people present was so great that but a small portion 
of them could hear anv thing from the speakers' stand. 
But in order to have everything go on right, a man was 
placed in an elevatsd situation, near the speaker, and 



character to the Liberty Party, aud they must ever ex- ; vocatc, society a valuable member, and a husband a 
ert a controlling influence in its councils. They cannot-j kind and affectionate companion, who was always rea- 
be intimidated, deceived or bought; aud' they cannot bei<b' and anxious to assist him in his labors for the ad- 



driven from the ranks of the party, or shorn of their 
moral power. The Liberty Party have no leader.., in 



vancement of every good cause. 

She was, we believe, a native of Western New York, 
and was married to the Rev. YVm. L. Parsons about 4 



the sense that the other parties have. There arc those years pincC) , v!u>n thoy imm ^ lalely n ; ovcd t0 NWar k> 
among them who from their moral excellence and intel- j N. J. w here Mr. Parsons became the Pastor of the Free 
lectual power, -must evert a great influence, over tiio.se.' Church, and Continued thereuntil the Fall of 1843. 
with whom they associate. Cut such nn influence is of Hc tht ' n . mo Y e< L to Boonton, and preached about ten 



a healthy character and is a mighty safeguard against 



months in the Free Church, . hen he received ft call 
from the Church at. Aurora, which he accepted, bejiev- 



eorruption. The individuals of the party', examine and j llg t j H , y coul ,i be morc lu . efu , there , t wa g bc 



judge fojr themselves 



II. B 



LIBERTY PAPERS. 



■here he could be seen by all in the crowd. YVhen I not only remain pure and free themselves, but they will j Communicated for the Freeman. 

man heard anything which he considered worthy of present an immoveable phalanx, in opposition to all mi- 1 T ., , c ~ „,. . 

i I , a * m- . • ♦ f„ , T , \ e i A • I» the death of Mrs. Parsons, of Aurora, Illinois, on 

• -'plause, or when he considered that a sufficient inter- hallowed intrigues. Those men have formed and given j t ] le -, u j£ t ^ c rttutte 0 f truth has lost i JHithful ad- 

val had elapsed since the last expression of admiration, 
he would take off his hat and wave it about his head. 
At this signal, the people, not one in ten of whom had 
the remotest idea of what was spoken, would make the 
welkin resound with their three hearty cheers, or if the 
man continued to wave his hat, they would give three 
times three: And so they have acted in everything 
\ believing all that their editors have published, and 
. /porting all whom their leaders have chosen to nomi- 
nate. And while this has been going on, the people 
have been amused with the appointment of delegates 
and committees, and persuaded that their will alone was 
consulted. 

Were it proper to occupy the space in your small pa- j 
j Sr, We might proceed further into the causes of the j 
hraption of these two great parties. But let me add, 
if the Liberty party follows in the same steps, it will i which we intenri to Oofttinue as we ca 
cease to be a Liberty party. Notwithstanding all their; rec ; ess. 

professions, both the Whigs and Democrats are slave-; The' E M ANCIP ATO R AND CHRONICLE, Bos- 
ry parties. .They were '.organized under a slave influ j f - on i Joshua Leavitt, and E. Wright Jr. cdilors— weekly 
i ncc, they are ruled by slaveholders, and they both at : an( ^ daily. 

the late election had slave holders for their Presidential | LIBERTY STANDARD, Hallowell, *Iaiae, Aus- 
candidate*. It is the slave power which regulates their ' : ' n WiHey editor. 

principles and controls their operations. 1 The Bangor Gazette is suspended for the present, 

i • j i | , a tv. _ •! to be resumed again in a short time, 

i will now ask the second question. Are those caus- 
es which have corrupted the Whigs and 
operation among the Liberty Party? 
will not require a. prophet to predict the event, f-verj , 
body understands the universal principle that 'like caus- J 
cs' produce like -effects.' But it is equally Lruc tnatoppp 
site causes produce opposite effects; &o that if causes of 
an opposite character to those we Jiave m ntioited, an 
everting their influence over the Liberty Parly, they j 
must result in the continuation and growth of a pure' 
and elevated character. • • ! 

It is to be clwerved with reference to their niaiii <>h j 
ject of parsnip that the Liberty Party has great and no j 
bk end's in view. According to the dictates of true be- | 
lr volence they seek to promote the most important ob- ; 
j ct first. While tliey allow that the pecuniary inter-.: 
» :, sts ofb'lsiness men are to be looked after; they consid- 1 



tween three and four months only after they left 
Boonton, before death parted them. — Mrs. Parsons ex- 
hibited in her life, one of the most lovely specimens 
of Christian c haracter. Her great desire was to do God, 
. . v'K '. : ' . r . » l ^ it was what she lived for ; she was readv to saerifice 

We give u.ulrr thrf head a list of me L.brrty topers her own comfort for the accomplishment' of good, and 

do it with cor- for "this end her labors were incessant ; her unassuming 
manners; her kind and faithful attentions, end' aied her 
co all who became acquainted with her The poor 
ere always "welcome, And made lo feel at home in her 
presence; to know her was to love her. AH «ho knew 
her, her desire, her qualifications, and her zeal fordoing 
good, must view the premature termination of her earth- 
ly existence as one of the mysterious providences of 
God. But as she lived to do the will of God, so un- 
doubtedly she yielded cheerfully to his will in death. — 
All who knew . Mr. and Mrs. Parsons, will sincerely 
1 Democrats, in j 'MIDDLESEX STANDARD, at Lowei. John G. sympathize with her bereaved, partner. His loss is 
If they are ii Wmltier » an(I C - Knapp editors great, but he will not murmur, in the fulness of his 

event Every] V0ICE 0F FREEDOM, Brandon. Vermont, J. heart he is ready to exclaim, "The Lord gave, and the 



Lord hath taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord." 
j He has lost a kind, faithful, affectionate and efficient 



Holcomb edit«r. 

GRANITE FREEMAN, Concord, New Hamp- u 

_ ' " ; helpmeet; and though he will not murmur, he cannot 

nire - • but feel the infliction of ?&o qreat a wound for any earth- 

ALBANY'PATRIOT, Albany, James C. Jackson ', ly balm lo heal. 
tditor. -I 



The LIBERTY PRESS, Udca, W. BailcV editor. 

HERKIMER FREMAN, Little Falls, New York. 

The SIGNAL of LIBERTY, Ann Harbor, Michi- 
gan, T. Foster, and G. BeekJoy editors. 

LIBERTY HERALD, Warren, Ohio, Tait. and Wai- 
uig editors. 

CHRISTIAN POLITICIAN, Cincinnatti Ohio, Dr. 
Brisbane editor. 



Below we give the returns of the Presidential Elec- 
tion in 1844, as near correct as we can give them from 
the best sources within our reach. 

'Flic National Vote. 



,r that ths jifeerties and the happiness of the oppreaed, ! FBEK LABOR ADVOCATE, New Garden, In-; 

T « I diana, Benjamin Stanton editor. 



ar-' matters of greater moment. Consequently they 
s r ek to equalize the benefits of a good government | 
a. lioug all the inhabitants of the land. ' Not content to 
enjoy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness them- 
. Ives, they purpose to extend the same blessings to 
every being who bears the image of God. This isano- 

J o o 

ble purpose, and the possession of it is what constitutes 
>trae nobility of soul. Wherever it is acted upon, it has 
a cent! anally elevating tendency. It is an absurdity to 
say that men arc likely to become corrupt when they 
forego selfish purposes and seek the good of their fellow 
men. Instead of becoming corrupt, it is probable that 
the Liberty party will continue lo become more pure 
until they 'present a spectacle of moral grandeur, such 
as the political world has never shown. 

As to their principles of action, it is obviously the 
wise policy of the Liberty Party to use honorable and 
righteous means to attain their ends. And we find in 
all their publications and from the closest scrutiny of their 
proceedings that they are actuated by the principles of 
righteousness and truth. They do nothing themselves, 
and they ask nothing of others of which an honest man 
need be ashamed. From such principles and such a 
course of conduct we cannot surely expect corruption, 
but rather purification. 

The Liberty Party is at present composed of such 
materials as to give the fullest assurance that the strong- 
est tendencies will exist against corruption. 

Who are the men ? The most virtuous and pious 
tha t the •country atlbrds. Many of them such as had 
withdrawn in disgust from the strife of politics in the 
old purtifis, an.l who have returned to the political arena, 
from a high sense of duty to their fellow-men, and 
their God.. Such men, can never be carried along with 

I'd ■ )' ;hn nil b?50?ni corrupt. They will 



INDIANA FREEMAN, indianapofe, Henry W. 
Dr Puy editor. 

WESTERN CITIZEN, weekly, and NEWS daily. 
Chicago, Illinois, Z. Eastman; editor. 

AMERICAN FREEMAN, Milwankie,'Wi«konsin. 
. SPIRIT OF LIBERTY, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania- 
Reese C. Fleeson editor. 

These papers 'with two or three exceptions, are of 
the largest size, . all of them are ibly conducted, of the i 
highest mora) 'tone, true- to temperance, and every sort 
of moral reform. Every good cause will go forward 
with the Liberty party, with such papers 'to advocate it. 

There is a daily and weekly at Cincinnatti, and seve- 1 
ral weeklies in Other states that w% have never seen, 
but they are . in able hands. Several otheW ate ; to bc 
started soon. 



SINGULAR FACT.— Dr .Smith who has rcemly j 
visited the Forks of the Mississippi, gives a most Ting- 
uhir fact, l»y stating from good authority, that no person I 
officially associated with the rid, uib of theUpp-r Mi.-?-'- 
issippi ever saw or heai'd of n deaT Indian, or irtio whose 
eye-sight w,is impaired <>y age, or whose teeth wer e rs 
sentially d< cayed. 





Clay. 


Polk: 




Birney. 


Maine. 


. 34,378. 


- - 45,719. 




- 4,836 


NewlHampshire 


. . 17,86f>. 


27,160. 




- 4,161 


Massachusetts. 


.. 07,418. 


- - 52,856. 




- 10,950 


Rhode Island. . 


. . 7,323. 


. . -4,848. 




- -' - 5 


Connecticut. . . 


. 32,842. 


- - 29,841, 




- 1,943 




9fi,770. 


- - 18,041.' 




- 3,970 


New York. . . 


. 232.473. 


- -237,588. 




-15,875 


New Jersey . . 


. .3S,318. 


- - 27,495. 




- - 131 


Pennsylvania. . 


. Ifil,8fi3. 


- -167,245. 




- 3,143 


Delaware. . . . 


. .(5,257. 


- - -5,969. 






Maryland. . . . 


. 35,984. 


- - 32,676. 






Virginia 


. 13,677. 


- - 49,417. 




00r 


North Carolina. 


. 43,23J. 


- - 39,287. 






■South Carolina. 


. 18,000. 


- - 37,000. 


estimated. 


Georgia. . . . . 


.. 42,100. 


- - 44,155. 






Alahama. . . . 


. aCj§&0-. 


- - 36y22S. 






.Mississippi. . . 


. »f»,103. 


* - 85,£88.; 






Louisiana. . . . 


. 1<},818. 


* -' 13,477. 






To/messee. . . 


. 00,03!». 


- - 00,915.' 






\rkahsSs. . . . 


. . 5,504. 


- - -9,546. 






Kentucky. • . • 


.*il,255. 


- - 51,988. 






Ohio. ..... 


. 155,103. 


- -149,05!'. 




- 8,050 




07,867. 


- - 70,181. 




» 2,100 


Illinois. .... 


. 46,612: 


- - 98,M5. 




- 3,721 


Michigan. . . . 


. -24,223. 


- * £7,703. 




- 3,632 


Missouri. . . . 


31,251. 


- - 41,369. 






TjRtal 


1,314,568 


1,372,401 




62,583 



(jr^>The Rev. C. Fairbank, is sentenced to 15 years 1 
imprisonment in Kentucky, as an accomplice of Miss : LIBERTY VOTE OF NEW JERSEY IN 1844. 



D. A. Webster under a charge of assisting in the escape j 
of slaves from bondage, by slave-holding or pro-slavery \ 
Judges, Jurors, Witnesses and Lawyers, backed up by 1 
pro- slavery mobs. 

"Whom the Gods wish to^destroy, they fifst /deprive ; 
of reason." 

The Texas debt is said to bc £22,000,000. 



Burlington 

Camden 

Essex 

Gloucester 

Hudsou 

Morris 



7 Passaic 

4 Salem 
29 Monmouth 
27 Sussex 

8 

34. • 



3 
7 

131 



That which is morally wrong, cannot be politically 

right 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOOtfTON, FEBRUARY. 28, 1845. 



Let us throw oti'the mask — 'tis, a cobweb one at best, 
and the world will see through it. K will nut do thus to i Gr - iraes Secretary 
talk iike philosophers, and act like unrelenting Lyrantu 
to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our text 
and actual- oppression for our commentary. . . 

Wm. Pitickncy, of Mnrylawd. 



COUNTY TEMPERANCE CONVENTION. 

This Convention was held according to notice, in the 
Church, at Whippany, the 20th inst. 

The meeting was called to order by Mr. (Stone, and 
the Rev. H. R. Hedges was chosen chairmau, and J. 



In all things that have beauty, there is nothing to man 
more comolv triad LIBERTY Milton. 



We hope the article commenced on our first page 
wjll be carefully read and reflected upon. 

The idea that the Liberty Party would become cor- 
rupt as the othossiOW, has madej many honest men he- 
sitate about coming into it. — We believe' this to ,be a 
great mistake. Their is a certain support that i»e« al- 
ways receive from the principles they advocate. If men 
advocate bad measures, there will be a downward ten- 
dency, for;* the vety feature of the case. No man can 
labor for the advancement of error without becoming 
corrupted. Oil the other hand, good principles, as the 
writer of (he article referred to- very properly, remarks, 
have an "elevating tendency." The legitimate • influ- 
ence of all ir«&, is to purify the minds of. those who 
advocate it. While men advocate Christianity, they 
grow in a ! l the loveliness of Christianity. When they 
cease to advocate it, they -cease to t be Christians. It is 
so with every thing; there ;p always, a strong reciprocal 
support exerted betiveeli men and their principles. We 
hope the writer of that article will -continue to furnish 
us with his arguments on that point. 



Prayer by the Rev.- Henry Belden. 
The following resolution, after considerable discus- 
sion, was unanimously adopted. 

ResoVed, That in our view it is now expedient to 
form a county Washington Temperance B.$nevoIeftt 
Society for this county. In proceeding to this' organi- 
zation, we would have it undesrtood that we have no 
disposition to oppose or hinder the efforts of any other 
•Society. Wherever individuals or associations may be 
engaged in promoting the cause of temperance, we shall 
always be ready to encourage them, and rejoice in their 
success. 

On motion, Calvin Howell, the Rev. Mr. Riddel, 
Rev. H. Belden, J. M. Brown, J. Grimes, and J.Graa- 
nis were appointed a committee to prepare a constitu- 
tion. 

The Committee presented the following constitution, 
which was adopted. 

WHEREAS, We believe that under the Washing- 
Ionian Temperance Organiza'ions, great good htjs been 
accomplished: Within, the last few years, hundreds of 
drunkards have been reclaimed, who. had previously de- j 
fied all efforts from other sources; under the blessed in- ( 
fluencc of Washington Temperance Benevolent Socie- I 



forming a society for our mutual benefit, to guard agaihs 
a pernicious practice, which is injurious to our health, 
standing and families, do pledge ourselves as gentle - 
men and ladies, that we will not drink any spirituous or 
malt liquors, wine or cider, and that we will in all 
suitable ways discourage their use in the community. 

The privilege of voting shall belong' to represehfa- 
tives from the local societies, and no society shall be en- 
titled to a greater representation than one for ever 
twentvfive members; but no society shall be debarred 
from sending one representative. 

Articles. — This society shall Bold its annual meetings' 
on the first Thursday in September of each ye^af . 

Article 9th. This Constitution may be amended at 
any an'nual meeting, by a vote of two thirds the mem 
bers present. 

The following individuals were elected officers. 
■ John Grimes, President. 

Vice Presidents. — ,SitasTuttle, Daniel Dehari, Jsic h 
L. Brotherton, James L. Woodruff, Archibald Swift. 

Cs*\ Secretary.— Rev. Mr. Ridtcl of Whippany. 

Recording Secrelery. — E. L. Blyth.iug. do 

Treasurer. — G. W. Esten, Boonlon. 

Executive Committee. — Henry R'. Hedges, Calvin 
Howell, Henry Belden, B. B. Griswold, S. V. CdrYdity 
Fi Stone, Edward Howell, Wm. Conek'in, H, P. 
Green, Morris Johnson, Thovuis Riley, Marcus EvariS, 
S. A. Cnndit, John Ivlaxiieki, John Grannis. 

It was then 

Resolved, That the Executive Committee be autho 



■ The Executive Committee of the State Society. 
«k>es not reel it their duty, under the exhausted state of 
their treasury, to employ an agent at present. A circu- 
lar will be sen: to the active Liberty men in the State in 
a few daj s, on the subject of funds and organizations, 
and we wiil leave the matter principally for that com- 
mittee. But we hope the friends in every p ace will 
organize Liberty Associations without delay; get the 
nam^sof all pledged h». some form, to support the prin- 
ciples of liberty. Cannot some one or mow be found 
in each county, to volunteer, and get up the village or- 
ganizations. The editor of the Freeman will go any- 
where in Morris County and assist in the matter, and 
the Rev. Mr. Belden of BoOSton will go on the same 
business any where in the counties of Warren, Sussex, 
atad Passaic, without charge. Who will do likewise in 
the same or other counties ? Now is the time for ac- 
tion. Tracts can be had at ve^'low terms of • Lewis 
Tappan, New York, and ^arrangements will probably 
soon be made to have depositaries in several places 
within our own state. 



ties, we have seen peace, happiness, arid prosperity car- I rized to employ an ogent, provided a way can be de- 
tied to thousands of famdies of our fellow beings, who j vised of raising funds to pay with; also 'to. take sue- 
, ,, , ,. ■"' . j * ,., i other measures as will tend to advance the objects oi 

had long been strangers to everything that renders In- 



valuable; we have seen the prison doors unlocked, and 
thousands of beings stamped with the image of God, 
released from bondage to the tyrant Alcohol; — we have 
seen lunatics restored to their right mind, the sick heal- 
ed, the blind made to see, the deaf to hoar, the lame to 
walk, the hungry fed, the naked clothed, and if we 



the Society. 

Resolved, That, the proceedings of this Convention 
be published in all the papers printed in thjfi County. 
The Convention then adjourned. 



Striking to the purpose. 
An invalid sent for a physician, and after dctainiBfj 



.1 , 1-1 1 .1. 1 1\U IMVUlRi 51'Ul I'll .1 U/IV.-iKUU. UUU HilVI <J> . txmii. 

have not seen the dead .raised, we have seen thousands i „ , ' ?),;.■• • , e> , 

' ! him Some time wiui a description ol his pains, acne;. &: 



of immortal Accountable beings rescued from premature 
graves, and believing that while these societies continue 
.based upon pure benevolence, as they have heretofore 
been, they will continue, with God's blessing, to be the 
most efficient instrumentalities in the temperance cause: 



he thus summed urh-t "Now, doctor, you have hum- 
bugged me long enough with your good- for-nothing pill-: 
ancTworthJess syrup*; they don't touch the real difficul- 
ty. I wish you to strike at the real cause of my aiJmeii 
if it is in your power to reach it." "It shall be done, 
said the doctor, ;tt the same time lifting his cane, and 



ed by a bystander with a complaint for opening a run* 
hole on the Sabhoth. Sig. of Lib. 



we therefore agree to form such a society for this coun- j demolishing a decanter of gin that stood upon the sid 
ty, and adopt the following j board. Liberty Pjres's'. 

CONSTITUTION. j An Albany barber, while exercising his art u po v. 

A .. , . . rp,. . . , „ , , » r . j dram-drinker last Sunday, chanced to open his custom 

• Article 1st. lhis society shall be called the Morris , it i i ,u... 

J | er's mouth, whereupon he was verv property tbacawn- 

Courity Washington Temperance Benevolent Society. 

Article 2d. The object of this society is toreliev 
and reclaim the drunkard, and lead him by acts of mer- 
cy and kindness to reformation and union with us, and 
to do all we can to advance the glorious cause of tempe- 
rance, and extends its blessings to the whole human 
family. 

Article 3rd. The officers of this society shall be a 
President, five Vice Presidents, a corresponding' Secre- 



THE TEMPERANCE CONVENTION. 

This meeting in consequence of the almost impassable j appointed. 

state of the roads, and other difficulties, was not large; j Article 4th. The duties of the President and Vice 

the delay in getting together, and the shortness of time j Presidents, Secretaries, and Treasurer, shall be such as 

before the concert in the evenings rendered it riecetsary • usually devolve upon such officers. 

to do up the business expeditiously, end we regret that j Article 5th. It shall be the duty of the executive 

the officers are not more, distributed through the county. ! committee, to call special meetings, to examine, and en- 

But this matter can be made right next September. | dorse by their chairman, all bills proceeding from the 

We trust much good will grow out of this organization. ! committee, and they shall draw upon the Treasurer 

| for all sums required to defray the expenses of the So- 

' niLb_™*! r< ' iiiJ. _riLu .H* • r< . , ty; and make all contracts subject to such rules as the 

Jr> Tbc W«t.ve Committee of the Moms Couflty s ^ iet shall a(k t . J 

Washington!. B. Society, will meet at the house of, ■. ;. , * „ . . , • , , ■ 

A. D. Lyon in Parsippany, on Saturday 15th. March' Article 6th '. . The &ocl£,t y ma y make such by-laws 
184S, at 3 o'clock P. M. jfrotri time to rime as maybe deemed expedient, pro» ; i- 

Mr. J. M. Brown is requested to be present. ^ed ^ e y ^° not ' n an y AVa y conflict with any article in 
' . j this constitution. 

- The "Rev. C. T. Torrey has been set to weaving. | Ajticle 7 " This Societ y shal! " reccive as Members 
A New York Editor says he will weave, the winding I a11 who ado P t trie ™Ho^Sflg pledge, 
sheet of Slavery. 1 "We v/ho»c ljames are hereunto annexed, desirous of 



Deacon Holy Pucker and his .clerk. — A Fact:— 
Jarri'-S have vou -;\S-pt the Stor- this morn 'tig :' ' Ye- 
sir.' ' Watered the rum and sanded tHe sugar?" Ye.-. 

Mixed the piaster in the flour ?' ' Yes. ' ' Wcl'.cen •> 
in and nitetidl prevers. ' 

It migb fi ve be<>d a'idf-rl. 'Got the ballots for the 
tary, Record i"ig.SecreUir£, Treasurer, and an Executive ! s'aveholdfrs ready V 'l 7 cs.' '^ell, come in aiidai- 
Committee of fifteen, fiv<' of whom shall be a quorum ! tend prayers. r - — Lib. Sianderd. 
for the, transaction of business — these officers shall be ; 
elected annually, and continue in office until others afe j 



A Territory applying lor admission as a state, has 
heretofore required a population of 70,6S0. Florid;;, 
has about 60,000 inhabitants including slaves, and tin 
slave interest requires that she be admitcd into tit- 
Union as a State without delay. 

Shall it be done 1 , 



'Johjri. how I wish ii was us much Hje fasl 



tr. de wives, as i' is to trade horses." 
"Whs so! Jim?" 

"I'd ehea, somebody mosi sIkk 
night !" ' 



ine bad ft&>; 



CUBA. — It i» said there, are now, 450,000 le.& •■ 
Slaves in Cuba, than .have been imported into that K: 
and since 1764 
What has become of those, and the increase .by birtb< 

" O Slavery ! disguise thyself as thou wilt, stii! tlici 
nrt a hit for draught 



I 



PROSPECTUS 

Of aWcefcly Newspaper in 

CINCINNATI, O., 

ENTITLED 

The Christian Politician, 

The Christian Politician. I intend shall be the advo- 
cate of Truth, mall religious, political and social rela- 
tions, and not the advocate of narty lor there is some- 
thing more important tnan nami-s, something more glo- 
rious, more ennobling, more immortal, than phraseol- 
ogy, more precious than the perishable material in 
•which God his chosen to invest his Virgin Daughter 
<'ii Earth, and that 13 Truth herself. 

I believe the Bible to be the great Repository of 
Moral Truth ; the only authoritative Written 
Rule op Faith and Practice; a sufficient Direc- 
tory to- Heaven ; 

That G 'd has made of one blood all nations of the 
Earth; ha> as all ages, all eolors, all conditions in life 
will stand n the same platform at the Judgement, 
c. ii h no ieequaliu exempt in character, 60 the_\ should 
stand together pft Earth ; 

That God never delegated to one creature unlimited 
power over another; that voluntary slave-holding is sin 
hi all cases, sin in all circumstances, sin. forever; that 
the church in particular should withdraw herself from 
all participation in this guilt; that Ged now eommandeth 
all men everywhere to-repent >, 

That .iar is antagonistical to the spirit of the Gospel 
which breathes and inculcates a spirit of Peace, that 
flie followers of the blessed Jesi:s should emphatically 
be in principle and practice, the followers of the 
Prince of Peace; 

Tin drunkards, fornicators, adulterers, idolaters, the 
covetous revilers extortioners and such like, are no 
more fit to partake of the emblems of Chi ist's broken 
, body and spilt blood, than they will be to sit down in 
he.ivcn at the great Marriage. Supper of the 
Lamb; ' 

I hat it is the duty of Christians, as sneeddy as pos- 
sible, to give the pare and unadulterated Gospel to the 
whole world; ! hat the spirit of Christianity is in truth 
the spirit of missions, n id that even Christian has' a 
part to perform in this Great* Work. * • • 

In accordance with these views I shall endea or t<> 
encourage everv movement by any part or denomina- 
tion, the object ami tendency of which may be to ■m- 
pro-ve the suei d virtues, the political gemd the moral 
haraeter. and the religions affections. *. # • 

I wish it to be well understood that I pledge myself 
to net 0 e >artv to advocate its i"easurev But I do 
pledge myself to all parties. to adv. cite what I conceive 
to bo their r/oocf principles and their good measure)}. * * 
WM. HENRY BRISBANE. 

Cincinnati. O., Jan. 10th. 1845. 

TERMS — Single subscribers, $1.50, in a.lv-tnce, $0, 
I » five subscribers at tae same P< s> Cffice. in advance. 



DIE It. 

At Parsippany, on Wednesday the 5th February 
inst, Mr. Jonathan Grimes, aged 72 years. 

On the 21st inst., at the house of her Son-in-law, 
Wm. Bertholf in Powerville N.J., Mrs. Polly Perry 
of Owego, New York, aged 65 years. 

At Aurora, Illinois, on the 15 January last, .Mrs. 
Lavinia B., wife of the Rev. Wm. L. Parsons, aged 
34 years. 



- - -* - • Yxoni "the True American. 
HOW THE SOUTH GETS WITNESSES. 



A Polk Majority. A day or two before the Election 
in this county, says the Missisippi Guard, two negroes 
were discussing politics, and from words they came to 
blows. The owner of one of the negroes, hearing the 
rumpus, thrashed both of them, giving the Clay negro 
ten lashes, and the Polk negro fifteen. The latter, afu r 
valking about a huridred yards, shrugged his shoulders 
and shouted at the- top of his lungs, "Hurrah for Polk! 
fire ahead yet."— Jour. Com. 

These two negroes are an exact type of. the two pro- 
j-lavery parti s at 'the i\orth. The slaveholders thrash 
them both, and fleece }hem both; but they are as keen 
at the game of politics right after it as ever. "Hurrah 
for Clay," "Hurrah for Polk," shout the whipped slaves 
— and the one that is whipped the hardest shouts the 
loudest. Look at New Hampshire for example. — 
lfost.cn Chronicle. 

fa'f* Sentenced. Madison J. Mullen, lately, convicted 
in the Parish of Union La. for using language to slaves 
calculated to excite insubordination among them, was 
sentenced to 21 years hard 'labor in the penitentiary a. 
Baton Rouge. V. Y. I'lebian. 



From the Liberty Herald. 

A Slave's reason for Absconding. 

I would Uot live alwav I'd rather not stay, 
In this land of oppression, were tyrants bear sway ; 
Where the wife ol my you'h from my b»som is torn; 
And far away so"th by the shu ehuluers borne. 

I would not live alway, where bloody scenes are. 
And look on those faces long furrowed with care; 
Or bare my ow; back to the slave driver's lash, 
Nor be bought and sold for the task master's cash. 

I would not live alwav, where my flesh and bone 
Could never be, never, no never my own ; 
Midst cruel oppressors, whose hearts hard as steel, 
Could never for poor crushed humanity feel. 

I would not live alwav, wher .the slaveholder's la si. 

Is Ljiven so freely, instead o the cash, 

To induce us to labor by night and by day, 

And these man stealing nabobs pocket the pay. 

I would not live alway, where Christianity bright, 
Is never permitted 10 shed its sweet li ^ tit , 
But the alack man is doomed in ignorance to dwell; 
And his soul goes um ared for down swiftly to hell. 

I would notlive alway, where the slave-driver's rod, 
h superior far to he law of his God — 
Where the marriage relation is broken for nought, 
Aud our wives and our daughters are sold and bought. 

I would not live alway, where freedom's a name, 
The bare mention of which my bosom must pain; 
And waere I must never expect to lie free. 
Or enjoy but a taste of wh .t's called Li:>orty. 

I would not live alway, but now bid farewell 
To this land where no kinoly Samaritans dwell, 
That will bind up our vvouuds or give ear to our griefs, 
Who hav h..d the mishap 10 fall among thieves. 

Then farewell ye land of oppression's dark reign! 
Determined am I e,y own righ s to regain; 
And if from the Eagle's proud taions I flee, 
In the paws of the Lion better days may I see. 

D. SAVAGE. 

.•Parkman, 0. 



The following advertisement, which we copy from the 
Charleston Courier of Jan. 3, 1845, shows how they get 
proof to convict men, who they ma> chance to suspect 
of showing kindness to their fellow mwi who have had 
the misfortune to fall "among thieves." No wonder 
they have convicted Torry, Walker, Miss Webster and 
others. 

"ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD 

will be paid for proof to convict any white, or r sponsi» 
ble person of color, of harboring my Coachman WILE* 
who absconded on the 7th inst. Twenty dollars reward 
will be paid for lodging him in the Work House." 

JOHN L. NOWELL. 



Liberality. Rev. Charles. T. Torrey, is permited 
to write to his wife, once in three months, and on busi- 
ness matters oftener, if absolutely necessary. He is not 
permited to answer his correspondents, but can receive 
their letters, provided, — 1. That the postage is paid. 
2. That they contain no allusion to slavery derogatory 
to the character of the institution. 3 . That they contain 
no information of what is. going on in the world. 

A learned doctor has given it s his opinion, that 
tieht lacing is a public benefit, insomuch as it kills off 
the foolish girls, and leaves the wise ones for < omen. 

Youths Cabinet. 

* Will you take a pinch of snuff Mr. Sprigging?" 
"No thank vou, if mv nose had been intended for a 
dust hole, it would have been turned the uther side 

up, 



$3f»Valuable improvement ! 'It is said the much 
celebrated manure, Guano, is extensively used in the 

manufacture of Snuff. The deleterious properties of 

the Tobacco are no doubt very much diminished there- 

by 



Temperance Houses. 

ALBERT GURNEE, Paterson. 
Please forward the names, and thus favor a temper- 
ance community. 



The lorong manhanyed! — A Liverpool paper says 
that Wm. Towns, a solder in the 2lst Fazileers. ntwin 
India, has confessed that it was he who dashed out the 
brains if a ga.ee keeper in Essex, about 9' years ago 
■ nd that a man named Chalker, who was executed for 
the' murder, was innocent. 



The Alpaca. — We think it has been published that 
one of these animals had been imported into New York. 
But, ai all events, it may be of interest to observe that 
the Alpaca yields a fleece of seventeen pounds of fine, 
long silky wool. — Some of these animals have been car- 
ried to England and Scotland. They cannot live in a 
hot climate, but thrive on the Andes, and are said to be 
very hardy. Their flesh is something between mutton 
and venison. We should think these animals might do 
well on the rocky hills of Maine and Vermont. It is 
said they would live where sheep would starve. 

As they travel well, they might be summered on the 
highest mountains all .along the Alleghany ridge, and 
■■' Entered in the valleys, as is done with the Merino sheep 
a 'pain, and they are kept with little or no fodder. 

Signal of Liberty. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

A few copies of Clark's Liberty Minstrel are for 
sale at thi- office. 

This is superior to any thing of the kind we have 
seen and should be in tbo possession of every one- that 
loves good inustcjtand loves to make a good use of it. 
P ice. 44 c nts. 



Congregationalism and 
Church Action: 

WITH the PRINCIPLES of CHRISTIAN UNION, 

BY JOHN KEEP, 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. 

This is the title of a Duodecimo Volume just publish- 
ed, heinji a faithful exposition of thejust pnwerso) eccle- 
siastical bodies, the rights of individual members, and 
the evils ef Sectarianism. It is a work tbat should be 
read by every man and woman in the land. A few cop- 
ies may be had of Rev. Henry Belden v Boonton: tJ5cts. 



Buonton Washington Temperance Benev- 
olent Society, — meets every Monday eve- 
ning in the Free Church. John Maxfield, 
President, Fredrick Stone, Secretary. 

Boonton Liberty Association, — nieeis the 
first Friday evening of every month. 
M. Evarts, President; C. B. Noras, Sec. 



i 





VOL. I. 



BOONTOIT, MARCH , 



S 0 . 11. 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHxN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor 
Boonion, Morris County, New Jersey. 

TERMS. 

Single oopy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 

10 copies- to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afforu 
to pay postage. 



For the New Jersey Freeman. 

Thau^Eifs ofi Slavery. 

NO. 1 

It has been wisely enjoined by the great and all con 
trolling power of the Universe, that in all the various 
relations of life, there should exist between Jhan and mai: 
a constant fe-ling of reciprocal symyathy. To .his end 
there is implanted in the heart of every rational creature 
a principle which when uninfluenced by passion is ca- 
pable of deciding with accuracy, whatever constitutes 
either an act kindness or injury Hence we need never 
hesitate Tor a moment, to know when to exercise an act 
of humanity m behalf of those who implore it. 

All iha! is necessary Is to ask ourselves, whether the 
situation from whence proceeds the entreaty, would if 
incident to ourselves, be entitled to the commisseration 
of others. Happy indeed would it be for humanity, if 
this course were universally adopted and pursued. But 
how many are there who tie er think of the unfor tunate 
until coorpeBcd by rfilsfor.nne, to endure the same suf- 
ferings themselves. A whole community may groan 
beneath the accumulated w rongs of ages, and scarce re- 
ceive from the world a pitying glance. And why? Be- 
cause the world is comparatively insensible to their woes. 

Do any ask the proof? If so, let them turn for a mo- 
ment o .be Southern States of this Soi disaht Repub- 
lic, and there gaze upon the condition of the millions of 
human beings, whom tyranny, remorseless and iron ner- 
ved, hath robbed of every heaven descended right, and 
blotted as it were from the scale of humanity. From 
this wronged and hopeless people, the appeal of mere 
is daily arid hourly ascending to the throne of a righ 
eoiis God, whilst their entreaties for human commisera 
tion, are wafted on every breeze that sweeps from th<- 
land of manacles and chains. 

The melancholy story of their wrongs has been told 
times unnumbered, and .Philanthropy with her myri 
ads cf ceaseless tongues, is still echoing the sarc: ' 
tala. And yet the people of the north, with all theii 
boasted magnanimi*y and professed attachment to thi 
principles of human liberty, and firm adherance to the 
cause of Christianity, bv which are strictly inculcated be , 
nevolence, humanity and universal love, regard the . hoi 
with feelings of apparent indifference. Almost in vain 
have' the agonizing scenes of their every day suffering:- 
been pictured to their view. In vain have they heard 
of the countless market places, upon whose bloody 
shambles, the image of the immaculate God is daily bar 
tered for a paltry piece of gold. And in vain have they 
heard of the outlawed fugitive from the iron grasp of 
oppression, hunted like wild beasts through swamps an 
evergrlades, by bloodhounds, aud human fiends, armed 
with weapons of death. 

But should misfortune once frown upon those misan- 
thr : pists and change their condition to that of the slaves 
they w ould doubtless call down the wrath of God upon 
their oppressors, and look upon an unfriendly world in 
the same light as the slaves now groaning beneath the 
crushing v. iight of despotic power, is wont to look upon 



ie& Bu . it is urged by them that the representations 
f ai i< s. oerpe rated upon the. slaves, which foi years 
nave been scat, red before, every community by the free 
press of Lhe land, and the fearless champions of human 
rights in the shape of abolhion lecturers, are ullely false, 
wiihou a shadow of foundation, un'ii .herefore uuwbrthy 
ot b :iie£ — '.hat they ^annot reconcile an iuea to absurd 
as thai, of any portion, of a people descended from the 
patriots of the Revolution, and acknowledging the sen- 
timents of Washington, Jefierson and their illustrious 
compeers, exercis ing such absolute despotism over th . 
lives of human .beings. 

How very strange is ibis ! They can believe every 
thing else but this. They can credit every iota related 
by the host of historians concerning the hardships and 
sufferings endured by the American colonies, a; the hand 



of the British Parliament. They can credit the Story of 
he barbarities inflicted by the merciless Ottoman of 
Turkey, upon the unoffending inhabitants of Give : =\ 
They can credi: the every day account of ruthless tyr- 
any, exercised by the despot of Rusia over the unhappy 
Polanders, who have long been striving to secure for 
themselves the blessing;, of'civil and religious liberty; 
and they can also give full credence to the enormities 
practiced by the church of Rome in the age of inquisi- 
torial tortures, besides a thousand other things of like 
nature, no", only in modern, but also in ancient times. 
But when 'hey are presented with the true stories of 
American Slavery, they feel great reluctance in believe- 
ing them. 

W. H. S. 



From the Liberty Press. 
Andrea Jacksor. 

The name here presented is not that associated with 
th< glorious ac': v . men is of New Uih ans, yet dear me, 
however ir.c;,i. ..e .able it may be to others, nor is it 
mine .o boas of 'having swayed the scepter of a nomi 
naily free people STe; my shor. career is no; altogether 
without striking events, of which 

"1 will a round, unvarnished tale deliver." 
Though my skin be black, yet of a truth I can say, I 
was thrown into life under ih. glorious safe-guard of the 
American Insignia of LIBERTY, My education (prii 
cipally moral) was conducted by Rev. Geo. Wail, of 
the M. E. order, of Warren county. Ky. 1 was always 
told by iiim that i was free, as also had been my :.. oilier, 
v.. ose Condition, agreeably to law, 1 am to follow. 

Afer the lamented death of my Rev. good guardian, i 
was seized as a slave by his adminisiratoi and sold a 
pubiie auction. B -ing asked while on the stand, what 
1 thought myself worth ? 1 rep ied, not a. dollar — hot 
any thing, 16 any man thai buys me as a slave — I an. 
a free man and no slave, — 1 will runaway. I was then 
liormed my services only would be soid, the avails of 
• t.ich should b°. at my disposal and was struck off at 
144 per year. ( 

The master into whose hands this kindness had pla- 
ced me, was d sirous 1 should ^.s - the talent I had ac- 
quired 1 at the hand of my Rev. t:i. nd to his advantage 
so I was ordain d a minister to pr-ach Christ and him 
crucified; pa, but master and km- spotless — for he in 
strutted me w hat o say . and then would appear in a by 
corner to hear if I said it right. ' He belonged to th< 
sum- church with me, and of course had an undoubted 
right to attend. 1 must confess it was beyond a Negro's 
di pth oi tl ought to explain to the slaves the rightful 
nesis of master to require us to labor on Sunday upon a 
turnpike job. the avails of which we were to spend for 
hoots and shoes at his stor», to be worn oir in his Ser- 
vice. 

One dnyi id my perfect surprise, I was informed tl 
so far from securing wages, 1 was to be sold a ,-lavi to 
another matte i , upon which 1 turned my eye to the 
iNorth Star, to which I have paid many an evening de- 
votion sine -. O. glorou* Star !, Ride on-iti the cool 
emhiaces of the chaste North ! Thou hast shown many 
an unforttmatr on ; where wa« safety from the talons of 
t hf .-rue! Eagb thai feedeth tlijse of her charge with 
the carcasses of the unfortunate. 



At my d parture, I had but few friendly hands -o take 
m a last fare* oil. My grandmother i ieit m tears, mv 
own eyes betrayed th. same w-akr.es>,.' But what ore 
tea's, and wan filial amotion; mother was not 

and my father, if living, w orse than dead — a slave ' 
Liberty , Liberty before, and eternal slavery tehino 

Sallying forth, 1 commended myself to God. and ad-* 
dressing myself to persevering dilig-nce, relt 'my v.a-*'"-" 
through th-.- snares. of long headeu rnensters, and "elm P <] 
the pursuit of k-en-scvnu.d dogs, (that we're almost con- 
stantly at my heels) by walkmgW brooks, whose course 
lay toward the land of erty. and, not •' unfre- 
queoUi) , being sprung upon In n,. u f rom ambush, with 
bloody bludgeons, and pursued by men on horse-back 
over open fields, 1 was obliged to extricate myself by 
f arful personal exvrlon. aiming myself with whatever 
weapon ot defence Providence seemed to throw in mv 
way. By Strang- m and b« many little devices, such 
as running backw ards in sandy parts ©f the road, so that 
my tracks' might seem to radical traveling in an opposite 
direction, and a thousand other little make shifts, ecmon- 
lyd, nominated by hook and by crook, I .managed to 
reach the Ohio, which 1 scrupFec but liule to cross in a 
boat found secured to the shore. After dockinr the lit 
tie boat on dr land that it might be found by its owner, 
I gave it a formal farewell, for, to me, «h had broaght 
Caesar «nd all his fortunes." I turned and ha}led the 
land of Liberty. — Thinking the difficulties, with which 
my progress had been continually asailf>d, were now 
comparatively over. I moved forward with more bold- 
n'ess. But soon, casting my eye over mj shoulder i 
found myself pursued by traitors to fmmanuv. and only 
owed my escap- to a frightful precipice over which I 
.leaped, just escaping two balls that whist ed over rni 
le ad, but was safe for the night. Next day I v. as pur- 
sued/, taken and imprisoned in the FREE State of] 
nois. 

Six weeks rolled aw ay — no own°r caine I was or- 
dered to the auction block by the Sheriri and mj ser- 
vices sold for ;;7,bH for a month, at. the expiraWn of 
which time. I was to fall into the sheriff s hands and be 
re-sold and re-sold till die full charges were satisfied 
amounting to upwards of 535. Bu< a Mf.'R. R. Hop- 
per a Friend, by whom my services were purchased, 
being satisfied by my labor for the amount he w bal- 
den for, I ran away before my month w as ite up 

my Quaker Friend telling me not to run to bur, nu 

my conscience giving me but little uDeasiness about th j 
ballance of the Sheriff's jail fees. 

After laboring a w hile in Wisconsin to procure some 
clothes, I commenced a: Milwaukie to talk publickly, 
by request, to white people as master had tafi'ghl me fo 
pi each to his slaves, i. e to tew* harder. And I have 
been since and afn still preaching the same doctrine. 

How ever inconsiderable 1 may be to others, f must be 
su posed' to be something to myself. So feels those 
whom I have left behind: though de graded, yet do not 
despair of attaining self respect and esteem among thi m • 
selves, if freedom shall ever throw the tegis of her pro- 
tection around their honored efforts. 



-ANDREW JACKS O.N 
By his friend, agreeably to his request, 

M. S. BAIL'i 

Paris Hill. Jan. 15, 1845. 



Arrival. — James K Polk, the President elect, ar- 
rived at Washington on the 6th instam: He was receive 
by crowds of gaping blockheads, and anxious expect- 
ants, w ith extravagant demonstrations of that man-«vor- 
shiping spirit, w hich is so prevalent in these degenerate 
imes, and which is so disgraceful to a people professing 
to be republican.':. — F e< Labor Advocate, 



Pennsylvania. — A great Liberty Convention has re- 
cently been held in Philadelphia, and active measures 
are taken to establish a Liberty paper in that city. 



Slavehoi ding Chivalry. — Miss Susan Yates has 
been committed to jail in St. Louis, under a charge of 
aiding her fellow b< ings to escape from "the vilest slave- 
ry that eveiesaw the sun." 



— ' -w«r.fr- 



THE YEW JERf'EY 

FREEMAN, 



a., tm'ow oft' the mask — 'usaoobVvcD oat a<. u^ai, 
■ orkJ will see through it. It will not do thus to 
philosophers, and act like unrelenting tyrants; 
. -petually sermonizing, with liberty for our text 
, iuial oppression for our commentary. 

Wm. Pinchncy, of Maryland. 

1 . :i2 things that.havc beauty, there is nothing to man 
more come ly than LIBERTY MiUon. 



PSHAW : YOU LOiVT DO IT RIGHT. 
The following i^'one of Mr. Cough 's admirable illusl 
tra .ions. 

j doct believe in any one man looking on and gruml 
blrng — Sliding fault with the work of others. Matrl 
men will say, "You don't go the right way to work,! 
w no never take bold themselves. It puts me in mmdL 
of si circumstance which happened in Boston. A carfcl 
man was driving a heavy load down the street, whej 
one o: the wheels got into a hole. A gentleman on th( 
sidewalk, seeing tlie difficulty said, as he stood with his 
-i.iim! * in the arm-holes of his. waistcoat, "Now driver 
iik i Did of the horse's head — give him a cut — now. 



1'he next number of the Freema n completes the hs 
we originally engaged to publish once a momh. VV • 
.. sen undecided whether to continue it as a month 
- :■' weekly, on acount of the move making to es- j 
h a weekly paper in Newark.— It seems to be 
jsary however that we should come to a decision, &. 
hare decided to continue the Freeman once a month, 
-, rate; and if the effort to establish a weekly, at 
some v. * place in the State proves a failure, we will 
... n 1 out the Freeman every week. — We wish the 
qi the cause would try to increase the circulation j 
paperj-and we will endeavor to make it moiej 
tiy of patronage.— ■ If our friends kne the circum- ! 
nces unoer which the Freeman has been published,! 
id of wondering why it has not been better, they j 
would wonder why it has been pupiished at ml; give us a , 
B , . . -j, and we will try to make the Freeman better. 



;.■> We have just received intelligence that a friend 
of I. :vs acceded in bringing the case of a girl 
claimed as a slave under the laws of this State, with 
htscavSitit beforfi the supreme Court of the State by 
which the existence of Slavery under the new constitu- 
te wS4*«f«tly tested. The question will be argued 
besfere a full court in May. 

- ■ : . tnted to carry this matter through as it 

idd Be: Who will contribute ? 
Fundi r.. y be sent to T. V. Johnson Newark, James 
How^ of Jersey City, Wright Flavell of Paterson, Dr. 
C. F. Ciark of Woodbury, Peter Ellis of Croswicks, 
and at this offiioe. The money will be wanted in 
May. rA 1 • 

TRACTS. — We expect in a few cays to receive a 
qu . .. i of Liberty tracts, and intend to keep an assort- 
tat Lt on haw*** the puposc of supplying individuals 

. associations at the wholesale prices for distribution 
Let all who feel any interest in the cause of liberty, go 
to work- get up organizations, collect money, procure 
aad distribute the tracts; arrangements are making to 
Have tract depositories in other more convenient places, 
in our next we will give a list of tracts, and point 
out the places where they can be had. 



C M< '.'l*v. — Wcn;ive the access of this gen le.raan 
to tie- j >uj!i' of Kentucky on the subject of slavery. 
..oi having room for 1 ngthy do'cuta jnis in our small 

tj er v. iii'.ended to abridge it somi wi.ai, but as i: has 
b en verj difficult to kn..w what conid be best ioft out, 
we have given nearly the whole oi it. It is a valuable 
document coming from a Slave Suite. He goes for ail 
that the Liberty party asks, though he has not as yet 
published himself a Liberty parly man. Perhaps he 
thinks '.hat at present he can exert a more powerful in- 
fluence in a State where dta: Party is little and iijstood, 
and much hated, by not identifying himself with any 
organized ami-slavery party. He : s now telling tile 
people, what the abolitionists have been telling, tor ten \ (Eratftt v. en. the whip: "Get up! shouted the driver 
years pas:, but what the great mass have been unvvi.kng j the hi r.«? made a desp rate efiort, but all in. vain. "Ohj 
to hear. He sees slavery as it is and with a feariese. \ s 1 pshak* f* said the gentleman on the sidewalk, "you don't 
and independence that commands our respect arid ad- do is rrrht! This operation was repeated, but with no 
miration, has grappled wtih the monster in his den. j bette! f success, and was followed by this exclamation oj 
• He is about establishing an Anti-Slavery paper in ; dissa lisfaction by the good gentleman on the wall 
Kentucky, and is determined that the subj ct shall be i "Oh , pshaw: you don't do right," At length an oi 
fully & i'ar'y discuss d; success to him we say.' j blacl : man went out into the street, took of! his coat, 

The following letter to Gcrret Smith shows that he and iavir.g Ids should, r to the wheel, he said, '"Now 
understands what sort of an enemy he has grappled with, boss give him a cut! — altogether, and away went th 
that he has counted the cost, and prepared himself fori ait. There area great many people just like thi: 
the contest. Kentucky will yet be proud of Casslus M. 
Clay. 

Lexington, Kv , Feb. 14, 1S45. 

G. Smith, Esq. 

My Dear Sin :■— You wrote tome some time si re 
Inquiring w hat I am about. You ill see i'rom the wiu, 
within Prospectus. They threaten my life as usual, 
and 1 fear i; may go hard with me- - but I was born a 
freeman, and 1 in tend to die one . 1 hays about 2* 
subscribers in this county ami hope for more. .Will ire 
north not send us in 5 or 6000 names to the help of the 
greaf cause of the day ? You may suppose we don't 
go far enough. We go as far as v, e can to do good. Let 
us judge for ourselves. 

Rmember me to Mrs. Smith. 

In great baste, 

Your friend and serv't. 

C. M. Clav. 



• uac', they stand off, make no effort to push forward th( 
;r of temperance themselves, and are yet continually 
comiplaining — Oh pshaw! you don't do it right!' Now 
w e want these gentlemen v. bo seem to know, allabout it 
to «do as the old black ma did — put their shoulders to 
he wheel, and help us to do it right 



The Presbytery of Chilicothe, Ohio, (Old School 
h as 'adopted a resolution, by a vote of 25 to 7, declaring 
t! nat if the Gene ml Atestibly at its next meeting shall re 
f use or neglect to lake such action as is calculated irn 

ran dBately to free the church from the sin and scandal 

of slaveholdinq, then the Presbytery ought to cease al! 

further ccclcs-easticai connection or fellowship with sail 

Assembly: 



What has the Church to do with Slavery: 
Rj;v. Dr. Richard Fuller, \ybo is writing letters in j 



THE NEW JERSEY SENATORS. 
Mr. Dayton in his anti-annexation speech in. the Sen- 
I rite bragged that they had fewer abolition votes in his 



state, he believed, than they had in South Carolina! 

repl td Dr. Wayland, m defence of slavery, is the own- ' v ' ., 

1 „ „ „. " , , j'.i So savs tne Moraine Chronicle, 

er of from 7o to SO slaves: he says be dont know ex- ; , 

, , rr . , • » ! Mr. Miher in his speech on the same subject, savs a 

actly how many. H - affirms i hat slavery is sanctioned 'j fi|] 

tion thus : "On the subject of slavery he denied the 
i power of Congress to touch it any way— to act for o: 
against it— that his own state had abolished slavery— 

Texas.— Texas is not yet aim xed; let us do all v- M***™ iini< ' ,,lodo for Hr-** his P lan0 ^ 

can to prevent its final consuraation, if we fail, it wF 1 •' miuicipai.on was to send the Africans (!) back to then 



Dorrespeadent of the Albany Patriot, defined hisposil 

by the Father Son, and Holy Ghost; that if you would ! ,* <</s ., , . ./ r ,„. .L_ l. , • , ., _i 

jirove slavery sin, you must h 
crty Prss. 



:ve a new 



Bible 



STATE SOCIETY. 

A quarterly meeting of the New Jersey State Ami 
Slavery Society will be held in the city of Newark, on 
Tuesdaj j the 13th day of May next, at 10 o'clock A. 
M. Meetings wilt be h<dd in the afternoon and even- 
ing. - 

March 20, 1845. 



be in a good cause 
done our dutv. 



and wi shall then feel that we hat.c f*** rtmn 



End of the Cuba Slave Trade. — The Can* air. j 
General of « uba has issued a proclamation dcc'ariw ; a'l ; 
vessels arriving^ Cuba with slaves on board (Joiiffsca 
ted . — Li bert y Stun d a rd. 



Temperanee 

ALBERT G URN EE, 



Houses. 



Paterson. 



Please forward the names, and thus favor u temper 
ance community. 



LIBERTY ASSOCIATION. 

Subjects for discussion at the monthly meeting of the 
As elation, to be held at the Free Church m 
Boonton, 1st Friday in April. 

I. Has the slaveholder any more moral right to hold 
la i in bondage, than ihe slave has to subject him to 
the same bondage. ' / " 

t Is it not the duty of all men to disregard such 
s^tutes'as contravene the fundamental law of God. the 
red law of Love, «hichsays "Thou shah not d liver 
master the servant whicli has eseap. d from his 
master unto thee: He shall dwell with you, even 
ong you in that place which he shall choose, in one 
. he gates where itlikethhim best: thou shalt not op- 
esBhim." Deut! 23: 15 16 vs. 



L1BEU L'Y PAPKRS. 

The TRUE AMERICAN, a new Liberty Paper, of 
a genuine siampj .jus started at Cortlandvill;, Neyt 
York — Eelesand Goodw in Editors. 

Tn\- BANGOR GAZETTE appears again, after but 
one month's susp nsion, true to ihe cause of Liberty, 
and we trust to live. 

New York! — Th town election returns in this stale 
are'eheering lor the friends of Liberty. In Sjmitbfield 
the Liberty vote is greater than die whig and Demo- 
cratic taken together. 



Maud Drinker. — " I uiders;ji>d," said a deacon to 
bis ndigbor, " that \oti aire becom ng a lined Drinker .'* 
• T i' s aa ler," sa.d the neigh or, "for no nun caj 
r uk easi r.'' — lb. 



A la\ernkeepcr in Nashville, cn the 20lh ult. indu- 
ced two little boys brothers, to drink raw whiskey on a 
. riiling Wager, in consequence of which one of the bro- 

thers died. 



New Hampshire. — Many tow ns in this state give a 
Liberty .majority, The gain throughout the State will 
be abou. fifty per ct n . since las. ^>o\\mber. 

New Jersey. — We are gra.ifiedto learn that the com- 
mittee appointed at the last annual meeting to take 
measures for .-..ailing anew Liberty paper at Newark, 
are pursuing JmeU labors with a prospect oi success- 



There are at the presun time, 122 towns in Massa- 
chus :tis destitute of a grog shop. 

A Contrast. — Who is thai man, so neatly attired 
in the extreme of fashion, w ending his w ay to cAwc*?*] 
' Oh he is a rumseUer." Indeed! And praj* who is 
that poor fellow spraw ling in the gutter?* "Why, 
it is his pu.ron." "Well, 1 dec are, it must be a conso- 
ling reflection to him to know that he is sustained by a 
i lass who cannot sustain ihai.sclvrs.—Mcr. Jour. 



TO THE PEOPLE OF KENTUCKY. 

* * * # V 

To h- people o 'K' n ucky I Wbiim hmiibjv sag 
that I !,m the sot: ot'.oi o of the hYstpToueers of the We 

a man who, in an « 'scure a y, rendered some - rvW 

to his com try, both in the council and i;i the field; h 
-was o of he founders o' the 8t*»e C -nstit-it on. an 
tih services were nntun pproc atod by 'h so who I av 
pc.-pe uated his m-mor , by giving his n une to. ..no 
the counties «• •heC.-mmouweaith. I -p •• k -*>t i>i 
these things in a vai -pi it. or from m-enve. ning filial 
alff t on, but <o remind those men of yeso rduy, h:, 
they are 'presuming too much upon popular credit 
lit- and tludr own si;> -incan -'\ when they set the ui- 
s.-lv. . up as the exclusive guardians of the. horror and 
welfare F the St ite and undo' take to denounce and os 
tracts, me as an cnem of the country". Hum. . soni- 
small in en st n the soil, as in the grtiid nnmej of 
Cummonw a'th. with all my brifiiility and love of equal 
itv, I cannot but giv Utterance to -ome touches ol 
contempt and indisr - ation towards those lewi rsupou hi 
crumbs which fall from o her men's ables. who nftept 
so 01 'ch seoswbil V. abou the pn*p«rit\ dl th count: . 

If here, s in our St-fe something iui roper or da a 
jrerou.sto ne tajfe? I or rin>na out, I put it to ever true 
and manly Kentuckian, if ;ha! tiling >s.not i n rope an 
d.ngerous m its existence a Qugj us? An it .-o is h 
who u ertake to remove th evil, h enemy ■ hi 
c. unir ? Or rather, is hot th' t ma-, whb ? seeing t e 
wr ng, for the sake oT pop darity, and a na row el. 
inters , in opposition t. the • elfare of th gr at mas ol 
the peo 'e, dares not a'ttem t i s e.xt n- i n, a trai or & 
a c w d tr.ly deservi g the i veer tio-t of hi 

C'untivm fit? Iam no' ashamed 'oad ... tth.it I am ! ! e 
ueeoin onvs.ng toe ol t rauny. wherever d sola ed; 
an Iprou 1 avow msself he • terua< en my fsLvey. 
* # # # * 

Br iHiaug -lave . I regard d them with indiffer m . 
seeing no epai ture ora mo als or co omica prog e-s 
in he te ure. T..<- Pmaucipa i n .,..o-e - nt about 
I »3n affe te I nc .s 't did ?6stpefsr>nsau»he i ne; an.. 
| felt • me new and ide-ssing emotions sprmg-n: up in 
ire. b .sMii) w on res.dred, in commo ith nn la 
m nte >i t.-er. to li -era e my sli ves. laut iori^ed m 
to p .t m- na s- olthe Eoifenoipatidu bocii- formed 
;ido t tna une i Al rcer Con >t . In tii s.me yea 

I enj <»n to Y.le oil ge. in a Free.Sta.e. I was not 
blind, and n rel'ore saw a • eop.e 1 \in ther< luxu i us- 
lv on s il QIC her . wo .Id ha^e e n d; em -d th 
the high ro.d to fa (ne and t e ilms h us. V city ol 
ten ot fi eeu thonsa d n.hab teuts ose up the niom- 
ji p as d hroug a!! the busy strifi of the day, and 
lay d ;Wn ga/in at nig tin qu et and -ecur 11 , tnd uoi a 
sin le -olice officer was an 1 whereto '»• se. n. tier 
v.ere more tha.i fiv- hu dre ouni men ortngreg.il d 
from all climes, of vn .-us Bbits -,n i temperaments, "in 
the quid blood of youth a dalle quer ng passiou, d 
there Was not found in all the city; so far as the p.. 1 < 
Avere aware, :i single watnah so fallen as to demand a 1 s 
pric o love hau honor bl ma. riage. A - ray-haire 1 
Judsre ol seventy ye -.rs or more, in alifet me of servio 
aud ha : pronounced -eotencc of' death u^on bat five 
c. iui n Is in a Wiiol. State, and ton e ot the.-e we <• 
bioug d - tor i, ibyiatem erm e. I -ad beeenuiught 

- to regard C. n cctic it as a land of wood n nut eg- 
and lather pu pkm»geed.: -.et there was a laur' oi 
sterility wi h ut pau ers, and peo >Je where no ma 
wast bef i: (I ho could not Write his nam >nd r 
h • Bible. T e^e wer- strange things ; but far m r 
str mge. pas-i <: strange, will it be Kentuck ns , f 
vu sh.'l'. e i oe to the sam con Insion t wh • h I as 
co >ejled — hat lib rty, re gion and ed cat. on w*r 
thecaiiso fall th se.thin.rs, au I the :rue fou -d tion of 
i divi I a ipp u ss m I n-ttio.-.al glory.. 

In r .'5 I inti.idueed <i ommon School bid into th< 

II us Representatives oi' KeutucRy: if 'was lost In 
1S3 Ih U th leisure of vo n for he present com 
mon hool law, m c >in.(ion wiih a ^reat najority of 
tA\ com e. is. Befir-' I -.40, I was cmivin e I that u i- 
vcsaledu a. on n a s; tv State was impossible. 

VV ils Ini w i c, '.he ei:.ht h udred thmisn : do lars 
se' a ide, from th ■ proceeds of the s les of the pupil 
1 nd . for common schools; surrepii . ioush appropriated 
to .ij..jr.iil ».ap; j /j.nMts, cj.ifi. a .n/ eoa^ldsioa. 



T .e.eisnota ,i gl cent in th gr a comm-uwc 1th • great the" he.t.t'if il'tl,,.^ ■ ifflnlHSffi the , 
i'^eetucky pp opnati tu the eel . ation ol'her people 



<J. A. VV ckl ff, ... . i . nve «.io' of.Te c ■ is, i efc4u, 
i F aukt r , sa ci: -'It SI. ve y an C mmo o ho Is be 
o oiwp tible, i say let S.aveiA perish." The si nt rn nt 



t mtg *fea**c»s into ;h- hi id^» trsasuri« of #ivt i ii •• 
n -m e. i»?ik;«jr th* wifd-., rbttiajtevfc 'he : le ami 
•mpa! able < s; 



itm a or Mint .siriluita-yro mar.- 

g>a ideation for (he body UMhiimiR: iavM (•»•:. : 
>as ..et w th tre endons applause. Aleilo. Iv : Uickv!; a ,„} 



imat say you? Tune has proved .hat ihe\ are ioconi- 
,.a bl<-; not * sin - , ie slave State h s succee.eed- , fro.. 
eginnin^, in ih -eu'-ral « du ation o. , ci Citizens. 

oi einor Ha'umotiLl, i.f South C -olina, says in h s 
m s ag to the Legislature: "T e Free School system 
is , failure. Its failure is owin to the .a •. that it does 

ot soil our people or our pover.'m. m ." I0\ .cr.ei.c. 
md ica-ou ave long s nee p ocljirnrd the uriuclcoin 



WW 1 '" to Wofsoulf inc. ro-urisfi . were; rhonght 
and action «r- tHitntmj-vijerij.Mor. iCirir.jr bet! 
.s drif of g»n.os; its omoipot«-na- W U:ix : « -,ad- ;.. ;\ .. 
free. A loose and inad qunte rui-nect fat thctftiaiits of 
P'-oiierry of necessif. fo ows jji. tilt- w..!::e bf slave-,, 
Dufliing bloodshed, :.nd lynch fl i w h-aw lm \k;:<> situ 
riyio ner-wn. A general d.-jn-ra izaiioii has tor, ..p. 
te<l the lii-st mie.s nji -ih. isuio-; is hot e m>u. 



gion has spread anmn..the vdiaia pet-pit; 1 cer„ 
"Whil-t Mr. Wickl.fie wa- s -ecu!, ting I m ac rig. I t '°": ness ' c ' ime ' ** d l,ntl ' r ; a uf i t;a. , , - 

Bv aio of.thelaw of ,«.!3, Ih p, ultima ely to em n | 1K!rJil °"; ;,nJ ti,e ^ !'ro : - -•»,:<•.*,,. <,r s - ;;v , ,y 

uipatt the Stat- from ignorance, p vertv and crime. [*? a "fy& *8 " !ST "sitbe w.a-id in arm-.- i appeal - 
Kgf tucky <:all< : d upon ail her sous, by all the glori u, l ' hMor >'' to rcas ° n ' u ' Ea "*»> •o'cotwionee; >v h ch 
me nories ol the past, by all the fond hopes of the future \ Beith * tl,ne - nor *P ™, -or fe.-.r, in r b-te. nor hope of 

0 resist those who by the rep al hal .aw and a retro- 1 r,:Ward ' nor , Y]m "i pri.U; nor soifisr„.ss:c.« n I tteilv 
r de movement, wouhi sink her into tile eveidur ng 

u ght and lower deep' ■ f perpetual slavery. T.ietime 
had at las come when I was t pi y he selfis time-ser- 
ver for otlic. :.nd op rar\ elev.t ion, or planting- n y 
self upon th et; r d p m iple- of truth, j- st cu and 

1 son. lo'oking lo r use, nee, to po-teruy :ind to God 
o : 11 proudly in their cause. W.,at ough I be a 

fan tie r an e-thus:ast in holding iha' lav rv i 
con ary t th Declarati n o Amer-ca ftidepeudauce 
t e Consti ution oft e United S atos, t ie common iau 
: ■ ur Eng sh n erita ce, .n l m Violation of the laws 
of nat'ure and d God — the eff ct it are be qnd all 
c»utrovoi sy; th mo u e t lh nd oft m- has written 
then, in ehir c ers ofhorri ledi.-;in tness — fnimihg.i e 
dew\ a\c- is in brass and sc th g he 2 een cart 



s ene. Aro not th-.s- fitigstru? A niinuto M „, 
.aMson of the freei an I slave s.a'es, ,-o ol"-cn and ably 
• ade; I forbear, I le ve th s i.stwdhng and'. tiller • roof 
to each man's ohse-v tion % nd rcfUetiow ffl ere is. 
.'•weve:,o!7e c/ns^d ,t».n which 1 wou.d ifa-ge up n 
all, -.ccao-cit fcjcefsA-s .,1 tana, cisrn rm ienti, siasm, 
Ke .tu ky will be ri - her in rd'uu-s and Sen* by email- 
ipat on, and slaveholders will bcwcttitliirtb)/ the chanac. 
I ..ssert !' .,m my nvn k-o (e»%e that \ ,rids of iho 
tome quahty in the fro, , ate from I 0 to .0 ccjit 
i . er in \ alue < an in. the slave ..state-, in some cases 
probabK 81* -utdre p-r Wht hi, her! ' la <!s six 
" i,es ir<,m ! i« c;lia:ti i 0 w, I a m cr. c'i ily Lnf rme !. 
re worth $6 per acre, ihils in Kei« .cl.-y, at the 
same d -tu nee from that city, Hail of \hd ««Wie- quality 
itlisterdiya dec y. The v.hole S...,th c:i s om th€ T "o-w.-rth only $\v ct a re ! j^fla thte dElavt hold- 
wt\a guis a.ai st '< is or that ieastire of n tionai e ' s ol the State a-e.-wi-h rare eveptiens. t/e l-.-Hiheld- 
injury; implores I nd d no nces in alternate puer lit/: K* a of ,he StH ' e: tJl >' 1 «' °' re soluieiy iucn as th- ir 
makes au ! unmakes P; esi len-s; e act- and repeal- la • > ' tortun " °y ''berating their sla M eve;; wii.-out eon pen, 
w.th a petitionee .nd 1 cklessuess more ■ .f ay an- i sa lon - Thu-, if i ftffr* l>.'.0 acres of fajjfl Fa < 
ly inoignaf:on,than hep tiabl forbe raace of the No ith. ! u 18 w '" r,h - ,r, °- 11 ! sfl 1 I own 12 s'avos w«flh, 7.U- t), 



Yet no ri lief can * o he si k ug patient; tier hy o- j tl,e P'-opom n -b < ratio Itetw ten land ami -lates; 
condriac i! i lusions .:;e n dispel l..; she ili not see mJ5(1 rise lo t! e valuc <>*' t'-e het stat- s 4 4ft rt| whi« 1 it 
tha. slav ry, 110 h ng ut si i'vi ry, is tie cause < f her run. ! u<t ' in m V estvc becomes worth g the value of 

H r fields relap- it.to primtive steri it ; her r puia- j ?600(.) $9'\0C0. If it rKcs to j-er acre, toco 

tion wastes' av ay; manui' ctures recede from the infected [Wmes its presefli vat ir, a- I it'ccr 1 lei. eve it would 
b .rder; ;ra e langui-hes: deca enche upon h. r me - ' 0 - yea s after e.oa ■ ipat . n, h- lijan o-vning 

s a*. -j] °' ° arl ' e * s ol '^ a h'd'. n • w h $8 1 [)t»r acre,, v. onid bo 

i^cw thus as. 



gr'e accumulation';, of taste or util^t ;gua tf ncs 

into the sh .«• r d po t is oft e homestead; the hearth- 1 ™rj& '"dcr the free s'y'sY m, ' 14o,60i).' 
.-one is invaded by a more relei.tles intruder t an h Lsenjon is fully pr,ot< n t>\ fe s open t > at}; Kentucky 
officer of the la«; and th.- castl that may stand b. fo c ' w;,s re" 1 " V wealthy en igran':'s: Ohio hy laborers, 
the sword, fal's bv this slow, secret nd res stl'ess eue- 1 ;,ve t,,cIc .V j* «««* senior of Ohio by nearly one hail" 1 I' 



.•zen t ihe core; 'he existence of the' fatter. K ht'iic! v i- ftc lAiperior uf 
1 despair be. ins 0 ' 0'' '° in ?o 1 cl 1 ate, m n< raS* and timber, to s -y noth- 



ai.y; the blood of the body polite is . 
atr ph paralysr s all iis li bs; sulle 
display itself ii on the care-w rn face; f me ; ue \ 'ngof ihe e.o.ty olh: sur ace— nd yi t Ohio's faxes 
Heavens and the earth cr. al nd— eter al 1 ws < f h p- j t; »" 18« am on ed to '."2, .6 .4-2 1 »hilfi Keutiitk V. 
pines- and evist. c have deen trampled under toot; j tax ' s °"1- $-.54o,6 17 6(3. T- us no wing 'Ohio's sppe- 
*W JTfi wjUt »» '.a«ost pitiable infatuation, the South still I nor productive energy o: Kc t:itk-.. Ohio h i.; 
clings to Slavery. | elect ■ al vote to our 3. aud . u't-iriss us at about the 

T e compctit n of un qui ed service, sla e labor.; ame ratio'iii all th-ugs else. A coinpar son bl the ol I- 
dooms th labonag h.te a.illi us of lh st Slates to pov- j cr free an slave ta es will s ow a o <• thvorab n bah 
rty; povert. gives them oyer to ign r ace; and igno-j a (-e sheet to he f <•• labor stafes*: wh Is the slav o 
r nee a. id poverty are t .e fast ig roads t . crime • nd j st tesluve greatl h adv ht^ge jh cliuiaJWaiid soil, 
a..d suff rinj. Among 'he more I rtunaie roperty tp say LOtiiing of th^ vastly gniater stent VA v ijBe territory 



holders, religion m.d moralit\ are stag enng and dying. 
. le s, extr vaga >c- , mitbriftines>. and w.t t of ue - 

:y pr ipitaie -lave mlders into frequent and unhe 1 I 
nk ptcies, such as are unknown in fee States nd 

e l rd ed monarchies. h p r it of um-outrolled 
c rams d vit ates ou> te peraine t-, d d; t oys that 

venness ol temper and equapiniity of sou', wh.ch ar 
the sheet anchors of happtu --and safety in a woild t 
unattainable desire an. mex 1 r b e evil. Popul ion is 
spar- , and with ut n m iers there is .ei er co p itio. 
nor div -ion of lahor, ano of necessity, a mechanic 

rts la guish am .n us, Ag icu tu e dra .s along its 
sl">w li u^th, \v tii -loyeu y, lgno ant, r> c less la or. 
Science, literature, an ar are st a _efs ere; p ts, 



of t^e slav stati s. 

Massachusetts pr.'iluces more in cr s manufactures 
yearly, tha all the cotton in trie tJriion sells for! Let 
Louisville look o Cincin att., n d ask hers. If how rnauy 
millions of do'l .rs slavery cost her? A'! our towns 
dwindle, and ou farmers lbs In con'sequenee^ all H rne 
markets Every, farmer broiignt ou i>v he slave sys- 
tem, sends off on of the consumers of the manufactures 
f the towns; when t e c^usurm rsare»oi5e, thu mechan- 
ic musi go nisi..' A has . cquir d auoth -r 1000 tier s of 
1 nd, but B. h. s iion. to 0 o wit life ^5^6,000 paid 
for .t, and he -tate is that much ne poorer in the g- 
gr" ae. A has increased lis pp rent ue aus, but his 
mark' t has flow o Lnds . r v ried bv .se h ads than 



h.s. oria.is, artists, i.vchani»ts, th. iove/s o. th> ideal, I tno laud of iLvc-ry can bo:;»t. Beef from Pajetti 



» 




eegpg ', 1 — 

thss Soring iu tue city of New York >or $6 per hun- 
dred b>t he expanse of the ^erri ige was ^3 per httti- 
dred: 'hus f >r v.adof a me market, which an ot 
exist to a slave state, the eef raiser lo s - ••». hail of 
the >• rty proc^ds o' v his farm Slavery cost? every 
man i" th. comrnu uy about the su « unce — on- ball 
ar.d more o! the proceeds of his a 01, as h price of 
la ds has 8 (ready shown! 

P 1 • <a dirficultie- t eke around us; war, for thi' 
p, r .etna i of this ottist threaten us iti the ds ae e; 
nark clouds of b ood hed, .lissof on a d tte r in o 
er on the h r zo ;th g at u tic a! h art lies bli i -i g 
in the list. uud. r t e rel tle-sh .1 f the s ive pow 
veryqu.ck y o ^ee that the po t 
u ky as gone '.orever, ml s so 
>nd rev ves under the Free r 
truth, no c m icq i ter st w th the 
h, we b a. all the ey Is 
the su posed <• mpe - 
sating bean fi.s which slavdry c<>nf rs upon the cultiva 
orsof nee, sugir. *ud cotton. The South is begi - 
nmtttobe supplied w.th roduc fro 1 ., s ates .>ea < 
them in distance a d facil ties : o transport io the 
o rs, whilst he i alri a toe poor to ay fr m us: we 
• loo* for markets aim si • xcl .sivel Ciucin.i ti, an 
New York and New Orieans, ,>hich la is but riv «• t- 
!e.t to the other notions' Until Keutuc' i- prepared 
all 1< "gt s for !ave-y he is ow. rless; not r< • 



er! I- requires n 
ical power of Ke 
akes a n. w taek. 
system. Having 
e!a-eh ldi g p.di.y of th. Sou 
of th afianee, without any 



forever deluded by the silly cry of ''abolitionists;" is not 
this becoming contemptible? Can you not see that ma- 
ny base demagogues have be. -n crying wolf, whilst they 
were playing the iraitors to iheir party and the country 
forp rsonal . Ieeation? Is it not time lhatsome sense of 
returning justice should revive in your bosoms, and that 
you should cease to denounce- those who in defeat do 
not d spair of the Republic. 

Washington, Jetierson, and Madison, and the grV 
founders of the Republic are my standard bearers; Lib 
erty and Union is my motto .Never yet luis a Kentuc'k- 
ian deserted |his country's s'landard and fled the field. 
Shall J be the first to prove recreant to the sentiment 
v._hich should <-ver be uppermost in the bosoms of the 



He replied they were not. 

"Then why did you leave that State?" 

"Because," was bis answer, "Kentucky is a slave 
State. I was not able to ptiiv base . laves, nor should I 
have been willing to own them if 1 had been able; and 
for a free man to v crk among slaves necessarily degrades 
him, and I thought 1 would do better toremove to afjee 
State." 

This is nearly the gentleman's language. 
We asked if he had ever known any one else who had 
1 ft Kentucky for the same reason. 

"Yes many." 

'•And did you ever know a farmer, who designed to 
do his own work, move into Kentucky because it is a 

slave State?" 



gallant and the free, when danger, ho matter whether of 
the sword, 'or more damning despotism threatens hisna-i "Never." 

tive land. * •, "Having lived many years in Kentucky, you aro 

j doubtless able to judge, with considerable acuracy, what 



to gc 

srlavery ong tor he en va ry,' nor free en ugh <>r 
the free; between two sto iseheflo u es'oth ground 
dris i ns, moral sts, politicians, and «>< rel tet liv 
lahorers eel these biter nuth . Kentucky ever il 
unite h. rs If to -h> a av.- « ..ptre, bom f -on ei dis- 
union: the lether at onoe had o the 'an f r f <■ '.Horn 
Is t e cry ol liberty less o erfttl th c s v ry t m ve 
th. hearts I m< •? L't us then be ju< and fear not. 
Let us liberate .ur slaves, «d make trie d* instead of 
•enemies fin the e%i! day; -or alt. signs <>; the im 
proc tin that the elements ■ .ev u'ionaie among us; 
w(>en the crisis ft. mes, if we are ree, all wij be a t ; if 
not no man can se the end. Briti- • ernancip t on has 
g..ne before us, :>r..vi ig all things safe 1 h. puceof 
lauds in the c lonies is admitted on .11 hai <i.- to have 
risen in .value, in spite of a 1 th enemies of nee o : 
the-"? are n ete nal an I and.sp.i-abl- .roofs of suc- 
cess ul reform. T e dav you s ik off the bonds- 
slavery, texperi nee and statistics prove he piopljfcy of 
Th m s Jeff r-on, that t be rat o .1 the inc aae of the 
black upo ag'v n basis, diminishes, compared wi h 
the increase o slavery, whil- the influx f white emi- 
grati n swallow - up Hie gr atma-s «.f th African rare„ 
in the pro^re-s d civ Uzation of t e5inore enerjje c 
w i e. A..^»l am iti n of the two r es. so affectfcdl 
dreaded >y so ne ;;ro-slaver\ men, is fyr I ss iu the f . 
than in the si es ites; thi all ne kuo r m obser 
vati >n; whit a I ttle fl ct o i would h ve ah ' hem. 
a priori, to hav deie mined. Many of the on- fai h 
and adastrious siayes ay'-e em pi yed by t ell 
dum.taasters, WB e the idle and v.c ous u it s i r thi 
the c ns q -.once of the.r folly. St aling v '1 u t in- 
crease as some argu . bu be di ai 'is md, or vig lance 
will be m re active ad p i is ■ nt oore c.rt.iu and 
severe. Let candidates be started in all the counties iti 
favor of a'conventton, and ran a ja':n and again, I'll vic- 
tory shall perch on the standard of the free. Wh, th- 
emancioat on >e r mate or miaeliite regard uus b 
had to t ie rights ot ow . rs, the habi - f t ie id, a d 
the general good feeling of he people. T t se wh'> 
cry out forev r, " vh.it sh .11 b 1 n 1 vith the .'av. s : ' 
it will occur that upou ihis ph.:., no more will u left 
among us tl an we shall absolul ly ee 1 "or we have 
every r< a>on to su pose hat m m ofth ppn n s of 
the m'.ve nen is will lea\e us b f re its consu. nation 
taking their slaves > ith t :em; and he state ought not to, 
if sh • co dd, at once iep ieherseli of th- slave la .ore'rs 
n.-w here. 

Then let us have no regard to the clamors of the ul 
tras of the North or the South, move on unshaken in 
our purpose to the glorious end. Shall sensible men be 



— 'Think -hrough wfiom 
Thy life blood tracks its parent lake, 
And then strike home ! ; 

I have given my slaves freedom for the public good, 
is more needed ? — Tax me to the verge of sustenanc- 
and life, and make my country free ? I call upon an 
Kentucky o speak out upon this subject; let us hear 
others — hear all. TrusT not to those who in private 
whisper approval in your ear, but denounce the open 
advocates of the same admissions. I do not profess to 
be infallible, if 1 am wrong, show nee the right — no man 
will d-j more, suffer more for conciliation. I listen to 
advice. I implore counsel; but neither denunciation nor 
persecution shall silence me; and so far as the voice of 
OiK individual makes up the omnipotence of public will, 
I say Kentucky shall be free. Let no man be startled; 
a few years ago most men looked upon slavery as a mat- 
ter of rourse, a thing of necessity, which was trj live 
for centuries. Nov, few are so hardy a* to deny that 
some twenty or thirty years will witness its extinction. 

The tape is, to my judgment, yet nearer at hand. A 
space of three counties deep, lying on the Ohio^i'-cr, 
contains a decided majority of the people of the State, 
as well as the greater part of the soil. Hew long before 
slaves there will be, from obvious causes, entirely use- 
less? Soon, very soon will they find themselves bear- 
ing all the evils of slavery, without any, the least remu- 
neration. Does any man believe that they will tamely 
submit to this intolerable grievance? If slavery does 
no tumbledown of i.seif, they will vote it down, for 
the will have the power, tind it will be their interest to 
do so. The rich interior counties of the State have ihe 
least Heed of slave labor of any portion of the g : obe. 
Th<' mountains are ruined by the decreasing population 
of the owlands, and the inability to consume their pro- 
ducts where slaves abound. The Green River country 
should remi mber hat if Pandora's box was opened again 
upon mankind, ihat two greater curses and forerunners 
of poverty and ruin than slaves and tobacco could no; 
und! K< niuckians be w orthy of your past fame — 
heroes once more. God has not designed this most 
favored land to be occupied by an inferior race. Italian 
skies mantle over us, and more than Sicilian luxuriance 
is spread b'-nealh our feet. Give us free labor, and we 
shall indeed become "the gat den of the vorld." But 
whai if not? Man was not created for the eating of In 
uian meal, the mind, the soul must be fed as well as the 
body. The sam - spirit that led us to the battle field, 
gloriously to illustrate the national name, yet lives in 
the hearts of our people: they feel their false position, 
their impotence of fu ure accomplishment. This weight 
must be removed. Kentucky must ttefree. 

CASSIUS M. CLAY. 
Lexington. Kentucky, Jan. 1845. 



proportion of the slaves have u Anglo-Saxon" blood in 
heir veins." 

•Yes, I think more than half of them are partially 

white 1 ." 

"Wfdl, did you eA'er knew of a cose of amalgamation 
if the North?" 

"I heard of one in Indianapolis, several years ago." 

' And it probably made a very great excitement?" 

Yes, very great, and I believe the Legislature acted 
upon the subject." 

And, in Kentucky , probabl- , no one expresses any 
surprise to see a colored slave have a child half white." 

"Why, sir, the occurrence is so common that it at 
tracts no attention, it is looked upon quite as a matter 
of course:" 

Here is the testimony of one who said he was no aho- 
.itionist. Southern men, if they w ould examine the 
subject, would find important truth in it. They would 
b arn the grand secret of the prosperity of the North. 
Th. ave s stem at the South makes southern people 
look upon labor as degrading; consequently none wo 
w ho can help it. and those who do labor are despised. 
The slave's themselves w ill not do near as much work 
as if they w ere receiving pay in proportion to the amo- 
unt of labor they do. Instead of having any inducement 
to work, they feel interested in doing as little as they 
can, adS escape the Irish. 

The first objection to the abolitionists is that they are 
amahjamationista. This objection has been refuted 
thousand times and yet it is still u- d against us. T 1 e 
first instance of an abolitionist practically adopting amal 
Kamation principles is yet to be witnessed, while amal 
gamajjon is a common ocfi njrence m slave Spates. 



CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION Is a small book published by JOHN KEEP 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. It shouh 
he read by every body. A few copies for sale at th< 
Freeman Office, Boonton, N. J. 



ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For sale at the Office < 
lie Freeman, Boonton, N. J 



From ihe Indiana Freeman. 

A CONVERSATION. 

In conversation with an intelligent gentleman from 
Kentucky, a few days since, we asked him if the soil in 
Indiana was more ferule, or the climate more agreeabl 
than in Kctnucky. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

\ le cpies rif Clark's Liberty M u6lr I a'< foi 
sa e at hi offir-e. 

T is is sup iior t.> any thing • f the lurid we h.ivf 
s. en and should be in t e possession of every one hal 
l .ves oid us'i ••, • nd 'oves t. make a good use of it. 
P. ice, 44 cents. 



ti a >ii ion Waaldftgton Temperance B ncv 
fdc.it Society, — meets every Monday eve 
niriijf in the Free Church, iqhrn .ttxlutd 
Pi cedent, Fredrick Stone, &ccn/ary. 

Boon/ on Liberty Association.— nieeit, th 
first Friday evening efevery mom 
M. Evarls, President, (J. B. Aon'is, Sec. 



I 



THE NE 





VOL. I. 



BOONTOJV, APRIL 



1845. 



ISO. 12 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey. 

T E R M S. 
Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 
10 copies to one address for two dollars. 
All communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afford 
topay postage. i 



FATHER TAYLOR 



but the easy smile that played about* his mouth, and 
the heart cheerfulness that gleamed in his hazel eyes 
:lirew over his whole countenance a halo of intellectu- 

sunshine. 

As he walked up the aisle, the fond mother looked 
arouned with an air of admiration as much as to say 
"see you not my noble boy ? why do you not rejoice 
with me ?" But there was no occasion for it, if such 
were her thoughts, for u hereever he • came, in view, he 
• as the observed of observers. Nor was his exterior 
■> t better pari of him: hisbeaii was nobler and his soul 
- as large enough to take in all mankind- I had fre- 
,y . , quest oportimities of seeing him during the week and 
jstiii he seemed unchanged. 

But my heart bleeds while I tell hy-in the early part 
of the second week he was seen standing at the corners 
of the streets, smoking and talking with some of his ship 
mates. The day oivwhich they received their wages 
s ailor like, they all assembled in a rumshop to take a 
parting glass. That glass was fatal t.o William. 

Each treated in his turn, and ere they separated, 
'icy were nearly. all intoxicated William was one of 



Several years since, a large Temperance meeting was 

convened in the Bethel Church., North Square, at which 

many seamen related their experience in run drinking. 

Mr Taylor's voice, of course, whenever the bashful- 

ness of the seamen prevented them from taking part in 

the meeting, was raised to encourage them; and so easy 

and familiar was his tone on such occasions, that even 

the most diffident of the company soon found themselves I t j r 

... _ 1 J ,te.os'> proud spirits who at times are possessed of con- 

cntirely at home. Bv way of parenthesis, we mavi.-i, ,.„i,i„ (• i u r : ,i . . • 

J , „ r m , . smeiajye firmness, and believe that they can abstain 

here remark, that one of the causes of Mr Taylor'ssuc- j r ,, jm lh , ust , oflif)U()r by )h( . , R , r ^ of ^ ^ 

cess in the faculty which he possesses ofrendermg those ^ ^ ^ be ^ ^ to a . pledge . 

The , first debauch had diseased his appetite, his self 



around him as much at home as himself. On the pres- 
ent occasion the meeting was quite interesting, and a 
large number of seamen signed the pledge. Among sev- 
eral incidents he related the following, which we noted 
at the time, was peculiary affecting. 

"Brethren," Said Mr Taylor, "about three years since , 
I called to see a widow, one of our sisters, who had long 
been < xpecting her son, a noble young sailor from sea. 
The ship in which he had sailed had been due over three 
monthsf, end the poor widow began to think thather dar- 
ing boy, her only support, had found a watery grave. 

Weii, I talked the matter over with te^ptoT^^'^^^^^^ And 
to cheer her with the hope of seeing hunt soon- (you lhere ^ by hjs gat y 

know, gentlemen my motto is, never say die)-and while bathing his fevcred tempk> w!ih vilu , 
I was yet speaking she seized me by the arm, and ex- a sif her heart would break. 
ck,med,.hush! hush! hush! that's my William's voice- , 01H , eavor(?d toIsooth ^ bnt she , vas like Raohol? 
I kftowft is-h.s step, too on the sta.rs-he comes ! my ; v , cepin? f or her children, yefusin^to be cemfor, d. Wr e. 

' ' °P pnflcw the door ' aml thfire he heard my voice, he raised his head, and in a rough 

demanded of his mother, more rum. 



posession had left him, and more rum was required to 
quench his burning (hirst. 

Need I tell you that before Saturday he was a con- 
firmed drunkard reeling about the streets, and wallowing 
in the Gutter. At iast nature give way, and he was 
carried to his mother's dwelling, drunk and insensible— 
that^dwelling which but a fortnight before his presence 
had rendered the scene of so much happiness. 

I called to see him, and there he lay, extended on a 
matrass, his once glossy locks clotted with mud, and 

he i 

disconsolate mother, 
lr, and weeping 



• had SO Electors, and gave 447,C f >: v A > 
1 Elector 10 5,530 voters 



stood the noble youth, with arms extended, and for a 
spring. He gazed for an instant, his eye caught his 



savage voice, 

"Rum!" he exclamed, "rum 1 want- 



-Ci rse i;oi 



mother's, and they where locked in each other's embrace.. giye mp sorm , m . . m] ^ your foolish prating." Here 

The^ kissed and wept, and kissed again, and I wep j ^. Taylor threw his arms"; .upwards' and gazing in th 
too, and there all three stood weeping w ith joy 



O 



I sami 



;vum, brother* 
■ features!" 

Here Mr. T. pausi 



nan did this for the noblest of God's 



.but'sueh was the in teres! w hich 



Styior rnrew nis armsjiipwards' and ga: 
direction, as if his whole soul was w as in eyes 
was a glorious sight lit was truly a happy return! Web j his voice and contiriued-'vw™ his mother!- 

Brethren, when we had recovered breath, the old la, . - lo , y God , ^ <i>nvn /h(> wim i <r , vs 0 f Heaven "down, 
yet s.mpenng inquired what had detained her William j und Iot Qdt ihi , S(j , im , ^ fi^fe cursns his mother! 
60 long. 

"Why rnother, i'you see we lost our mast in a gale i 
off the cape, and. have been hobbling along ever sine; 
under jury masts ; nobody got hurt, ship's a line boat. ] 
captain a noble fellow;but — what, is this Father Taylor ' 
(turning to me) — God bless you. 1 am glad to see you 
how are all your fo'ks? and he graspi d me in both hand 
and shook me as if 1 had been laboring under a Florida 

ague. But come, continued he, my trap (chest and, 

° .. ., , T , ! mother is suil witn us singing glory to God." 

pack) are below, and 1 must get them up, so vou mu.-: i TT , , , , ,, ■ ., , 

r ' „ „ ,. . ° . i fie sat dow n and w hen all i as quiet a gentle manly 

excuse me. ' A tew minutes alter we separated. r , • - ...... 

, r. i t ,i t i .i i man rose up, and after surveying the audience a mo- 

I he next Sunday, 1 stood where 1 now stand; the! , • j _ A - r . l-_ i. 

greater part of the seats were nearly full, and brother 



nquired. 



he narrative excited, that several voices 
'what became of him? what did he do ?" 

" he did," resumed Mr. T., "what I want you ah 
'.o do to night — when he recovered he signed the pledg. 
jand now commands a vessel *ut of this port, and his 



Foster was getting some settees ready, when my at- 
tention arrested by the young sailor^with his fond mother 
on his arm. O ! he was a noble young fellow! straight 
as an ash, firm as a pillar, yet when he walked, seemed 
pliant as a willow.. Shall I forget him? No never 
That day, it w as summer at the time, he wore a blue 
jacket, white browsers, and on the down collar of his 
eno'wy shift, dangled the glossy locks of raven hair. 
His face and neck where deeply bronzed by the bud, 



ment and wiping the perspiration from his forehead, 
said, " I am the man ! " and resumed his seat — JST. 
E. Wash.. 



ON A DANDY 



A dandy is a chap hat would 
Be a young lady if he co Id; 
Bui as he can't does all lie can 
To show the world he's not a man. 

of L berty 



POLITICAL BURDEN OK SLAVERY. 

The following facts, not generally k no- 
show the great injustice which the systei 
of slavery, as authorized by the constitution 
imposes on the free States, in the matter i 
political influence and pnwer. In the pre 
sent ratio of representation, it will be r'e- 
nembercd that five slaves are counted 
three freeman. 

In the Presidential election in 1840, 

13 free States had lf!S Electors and gave 1 ,7 1 f..T0?vctcs- 
I Elector to 10,1-ls. Votes; 

ISslave States had 115 Electors, and gave 693,00d > . • . 

1 Elector to 6,025 votes. 

New York had 42 Electors, and gave 441,139 vctei;— 
1 Elector to 10,503, VQtos. 

Virginia 
Tennessee 
Kenmcky 
N. Carolina 
Louisiana 
Arkansas 
Missouri 

Ohio had 21 Electors, and gave 07.%R<10 votes — 

1 Elector to 13,010, viffes 
Virginia had 23 Electors, and gave 86.394 vote — 

1 Elector to 3,75b, v. . 
Michigan had 3 Electors, and gave 44,299 votes-- 

1 Elector to M,7<"C votes 
Louisiana had 5 Electors, and gave 18,912 votes — 

1 Elector to 3,782 vo' . 

In the presidential election in 184-1 — 

13free States had 161 Electors, and gave l,8i • : 14 
votes — 1 Elector to 1 1 ,73; ' vol i. 

12 slave States* had 105 Electors, and gave 7:;K; •. 

votes — 1 Elector to 6,608 vou . 

Michigan had 5 Electors, and gave 56,222 votes— 

1 Elector to 11,244 votes. 
Louisiana had 6 Electors, and gave 26,865 votes — 

i Elector to 4,477 votes. 

In 1822, Mr. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy, being 
called on by the Senate to state the rule adopted by 1 
in apointments in the navy, reported (10th May; : 
"The rule followed by myself, and which is iinae'rs(c . j 
to be the rule of the office, distributes of the appoint 
ments ampag the several States according to their rt 
presentation in Congress. 

I soon dissovered that that the rule could rot he a] 
plied. From Rhode Island there was no applcfetiout 
and from several of the new states, the appficatTO! 
in many instances were unsupported by proper :< ; 
ials, so that the due proportion of those Slates cor. 
not properly be appointed. This rendered ner.easa.1 • 
many appointments at large, as it is called." Tl 
Secretary appends to his report n list of 191 appoiL' 
ments madeby him up to the date of the report; fogetht . 
with the States from which they were taken. II a 

pears tliat the application of the rule gave to the I 
States, - C9 offict rs, 

To the slave States - 90 " 

This left 32 to be appointed " at large." 
Now mark Mr. Upshur's selections : 

He took from the free States 4 " 
From the slave States 27 M 

Residence unknown 1 " 

l"hus, of 190 naval officers appointed by the Secre'r • . 
he took from the free States 73 
From the slave States 117 !! ' 

But it was possible that hereafter a nOrtheren S 
tary might apportion apointments according .to the I 
population of the States. To guard against such an . 
the Senate the the same session added a clause to 
Navy Approbation bill, requiring appointments of I 
shipmen to be made according to "federal numb 
thus giving {he slaveholders a representatain fi 
slaves in the navy, as well as in Congress. This . 
passed without a division. 

It was resisted in the House. The Senate, how 
insisted on the clause and a Committee of Confer 
w as appointed, which resulted in the abenddnmeii 
the clause. 



«t* 



The proceeds of the rale of public lands were dis- 
•:ibuted in compliance with the act of 1841 according 
■•i "federal numbers." The following are some of the 

; strajoraiuary results : 

Free population. 
284,573 received $ 9.055 
'.'07,300 
.'.12,207 
1 S3, 050 

23,7(10 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

COO XT' » V APRIL 30, 1 R45 - . 



S^eW^Iiampstrir 
ioutli Carolina, 
". lichigui:, 
iouisjani, 
"'crmonfe 
Mississippi, 
I-jwa, 
1 IoriSs, 



10,218 
7,420 
0,971 
10,213 
10,410 
1,598 
1,545 



On eiatoinaiifm' it will be found that judicial and : more comelv thai* LIBERTY 

ijiplopaauc appointments tire all made according to "fod- 
■ ra! numbers, 1 ' with a huge number "at large, " ac- 
• 'trding to IVIr.UpslfUJc'splan. 

Thus, of the nine Judges of the Supreme Court, five 
jfe shlve holders, and of five members of Mr. Tyler's 
fist Cabinet, only one was from a free State. 

Aup ROW let us inquire, what is the comparative pop-, 
.'ilatiotr.of Um tree; »:.-;! slave regions, including- both 
.•;ta*c? and Territories ?' •' 

The last census gives us 8,727,S28 free inhabitants in 
fte fisfce States and Territories, and 4,843,405 free in- 
habitants hi tfW slave States and Territories. 

Th'es we And 'that the slave rigon has not quite one- 
tfiirdofthe Union. Is it then in consequence of in- 
tellectual .superiority and literary ;ittainmets that our 
Southern brethren have required such a predominating; 



jries were all true, that Birney was a "traitor,"^" Lc- 
' co Foco in disguise," and' that the Liberty party was 
going for Polk, &c. &c. We believe the great mass 
of the constant readers of whig newspapers still befleve 
the wicked allegations made by whig editors' against 
Birney and the Liberty party in reference to this Sagin- 
aw affair, and think it & still important for Liberty men 
everywhere to expose it,4nd keep on exposing until 
the public mind is right or. that point. It is lrue that a 
I full and faithful exposition of this has been giVefij hut 
:the exposition has been read by few excep! anti slavery 

In all things that have beauty, there is nothing to man ; mcn ' and much remains to b * done F 1 ? fn «*r to set 

Wilton public mmd right on this subject. 

I This exposition has only been made in anti slavery- 
newspapers, the great mass of readers do not file their 
I papers, and are now unable to refer to the documents it; 



I Let us throw off the mask — 'tis a cobweb on.- at best, 
i and the world will ape. through it. It will not do thus to 
' talk like philosophers, and net like unrelenting tyrants; 
j to be perpetually sermonizing, with liberty for our text 
| and actual oppression for our commentary. 

Wm. P'mckney, of Maryland. 



THE STATE MEETING. 
We trust the friends of Liberty throughout the State ! ordc ' r to meet the objections of cavillers. We still be- 
will remember the jjneoting in Nov ark, on the 13th of^' evo ^ a faithful exposition of this whole affair should 
May, according to a notice in another column, and as I b " S !vcn t0 mo public in pamphlet, in as small n c ompass 
the notice in the Freeman will not reach everybody in as . P ossib!e > and do hill justice to thesubject,.that every 
the State, let every friend take measures to give it as Libqrty man in the land should have one ready to re- 

' ter to on any occasion, and some to distribute amowr 
the , people. 

As we have never given the following testimony of a 
cost much. Why cannot we have a meeting that will | KVntuekian, and a political oppohArt of Mr. Firney in 
make the people believe we mean to do something? Ow$ reference to his purity of character, we give it now, and 

< - 1 i n V\ mnntlUT^ in + \i <-s Olntr. -.-'.11 ... _• - ._ - 



extensive a circulation as possible. Let it be a greal 
meeting. Our friends hi Newark will entertain those 
from a distance free from cost, and travelling does no* 



such meeting" in the State will give our cause an im 
pulse that will be felt by all parties, one that will Drove 



irresistable. Remember the 13th of May ! ! ! 

The legal existence of slavery under the new consti- 



.jct answers this question. 

Wc learn from, the census, -that there a 
United States 549,691 white persons ov 



influence ife-the government pfirttbe nation ? A single 1 tution in this state is to be argued before the Supreme 

Court in May, and some funds are wanted to carry 
re in the this through. This wlli be a great anti-slavery meeting 
over twenty I of itself in the light place, and able men are already cn- 
ars of vge who cannot read and write. in proper- goged to argue the cause for liberty. 

Fund's are also needed to pay a small debt the So- 
ciety owes, a small trifle from each one of the friends of 



'ion to their free poHulation as we have seen, the slave 
States and Territories ought not to embrace more than 



.•ue-thirdofthisnumb-r, vk: 183,231. But the ccd.sus | libert y wiU : enable us to sunnoant all the obstacles 
-.lis us that "they have 34.\SR7 white over twenty j :n th ? of ol!r present onward progress. Work 



Years of arte who cfafinot read or write, that is, very 

yearly thn*e-ftfths of the igronunceof the nation, with 

July ^r:i-fhird of its free population. 

Another very roratirkacile fact is the small number 
■ • f slaveholders jn the United States, Human flesh, 

like L::d in England, is monopolized at the South j tho s i a ve, IT is' AN IMPORTANT°TIME FOR 



should be done now, it is perfect folly to wait until the 
approach of elect ion, when all is strife, and reason is de- 
throned. Let us be up and doing, and do it NOW! 
LitSlfT J, L'-t the people have LIGHT. The pros- 
pects of r. weekly paper are quite encouraging, let not 



commend it to the consideration of all honest men. 

Rosedale, September 1st, 1842. 
Mr James Longhead — Sir: Your letter of. the 10th 
of August, reached me a few days since, and my apolo- 
gy for not havin? answered it sooner, is absence, and 
sickness in my family. No man differs from Mr.- Bir- 
ne\- in relation to his abolition views more widely and- 
absolutely than I, yet I am convinced of his entire sin- 
cerity, and perfect puritv He has made greater private 
sacrafices for his opinion, than would be required by 
the most tvrannical bigot Mr. Birney has not only 
abandoned his patrimony, but he has deserted his native 
state, and a wide circle of fond friends and relations in 
pursuit of the phantom of opinion. In Alabama where 
he resided, before he returned to Kentucky, where he 
Was born, he liberated al/ his slaves, and made it op- 
tional with them to remain or come with him. He paid 



.Jn some ta*ts qf the slave Stales whites r.re to the 
'.vick: ; .:i WO to 1, and in one county in Arkansas as 
(1 to 1. In other parts the slaves ore' exceedingly nu- 
•„;..rous, and far outnumber the whites. 0 

It i.i reduced nearly to douaonstratrien that thrs slave- 
hy}'£$w cannot, an average, ^bssewi less than tea slaves, 
"ttftisdinjj woni'jii ana children and probably thiey pos - 
. ■■•»}. many isorc. 

J?ow the Oriole nunvtier of slaves is 2,487, IL^whicl 



OUR CAUSE. A little slothfulness now may be fatni;a 
little self sacrificing; zeal now will give our cause per- 
manency, respectability, and a rapidly onward progress. 
The people of New Jersey were never more disposed 
to receive anti slavery truth than, now. Shall the op. 
portUBtty pass unimproved? What nnti slavery man 
will make himself answerable for such nedect? We 



this fall through'by a lack of zeal among the friends of tho f 1 bire - He hved on a farm, in a slave state, were 

white laborers Avere not readily to be had. He purcha- 
sed a negro man at an executor's sale on credit; before 
the time of payment arriv d, he found it inconvenient 
to keep him,, and having offered him the opportunity of 
purchasing his freedom, which uas not done, he restor- 
ed him to the family out of which he had been bought, 
and cancelled his note. This is my understanding of 
this case. 

After the death of Jawes G. Birney '> father, fray fn- 



trust every man will be at his post, ready to do battle for i 

K berty — while the eneniic's ranks are brenkino;, and dis- i tbor ,n low,) J. G. Birney came to my house. I was 
imdecl bv ten, gSves 2 18,71 1 as the •kale liuliiber 6f \ ?0rd reigtis ever the pro slavery camp, let us, be up and ; not home. On my return, I found he had been urging 
hfchoidOis h tkctfatlmt. Yet this handful «)f men dbing. mi his sister that the assignment of the negroes, (twenty 

, :i: ;'..:.:: -*' 1 ; e u,!> ■:. .'> ffth thi ■ ; three in number,) which had descended to us jointly, 

■dtyyf ' ' - 

t n'.: 



THE GARLAND FORGERIES should be entirely made out to him, in order to enable 

■>ih th<; N'o; :h In iS; ■ Lie A Congress, 6 more 'SonsUc;> i Not one in one hundred of the whig editors have had ' ,m lo cmanc,pate tbem - 
take tlteir i e its— 2 from Iowa, 2 from T«:xas, and he maniiness to come out and acknowledge that they 



ajJUt i«..s nq>v an p^ual number <;f Senator: 



.jV^m' i'lorid-i , giviivj; the slaveholders a major' ty in on 



After much discussion, this erranc;ement was finally 



.»r&n«l 



the 



etional Le'/islaiure. 

wiil bet 

lf&. many new sla ,r c States 



slaving, the majority, they wiil become absolute, a:; 
. v.«i»l, frorriifi'me Co time, nrake :.' 



Inev see at. 



v.LF Of ah ASIAN BEINGS FOR THE BENE- 
FIT OF /HEOLOGICAL EDUCATION. 
-The. foli6'.ving notice t>f a •puhfie sale is taken from 
«• Savaru&ij Republican of March 3rd, 1845. Aftei 

•i.-scribin:; tlv ..v'autaliju that was to be. sold, the notice 



a.!m 



the ssfflne time 



«, the following uegii 
Atitonctt, Davy 6*j 



jjiavej, to xtx/fr": Charles, Peggy 
'♦■■r.iber, Mi f 'ria, Jewhey, and Isaac — levied on a«j tH 
.V"op?rty cf Ucpvy I). Hall, to satisfy a mortgage fi la 
. ; ;;;;d oat of Meltitosh iSup'rior Court, in' favor of U 
L,. r.: !i of Dire: tors of thv; Theological Seminary of 
L'riMtii of S&tth Cij:\>li:it:- and dfiorjtU, vs. sa»J Hem- 
f.iliil. C«r.l(|ifJO;:3 Cadh. ' C. O'NEAL, 

WpVy Sherifi, M. C. ,. 



e deceived, in the representations which they gav | made. Mr. Birney took the slaves and did /iberatc 
.,f the dbomiftable falsehoods and forgeries by which j them,' and they are now free, and most of them in Lou- 
Mr. Birney' and the cause of liberty were exceedingly ! isville. 1 shou/d not have agreed to ibis settlement, had 
injured. Wc never did expect those editors, who i it not been for my invo/ved situation, and I apprehended 
by simultaneous concert of action, published these lies,! the shves would be sold if I took any of them. 
kndivina them to be such, to mftkc any amends; we looi : Any doubts as to Mr. Birney's devotion and siBCeriiy 
for no ^ood to come from men who cah descend, tot to the cause he has espoused is.. folly — is preposterous 
■uch wilful baseness: but wc Have expected, that men He will have been unfortunate, indeed, to have refused 



who put forth the claims of respectability, and who 
t.ave, in the heat of great political excitement, publish- 
ed these documents believing them to bs true, would 
■-. hen they discovered the imposition, have the manli 
eess to retract. But such has not been the case. 
We have heard but three or four whig editors in I 

hole nation who have exhibited any part of such ma i. 

iess. 

They first made the great mass of their readers 1 
••• their diabolical lies, and led them to act in acco^ 
■ with such belief. And the course they have puvi 
-le d since, has evidently been designed to fasten up' . 
.. • minds of their readers the conviction that these t>uj 



home, friends, relations, and fortune, for an opinion, and 
only to have achieved a doubtful recognition from the 
advocates of that opinion. Mr. Birney is well known to 
me. A man of more pure mora/ity, more honest prin- 
■ iples, and a warmer heart does not exist . My wife is his 
■mly sister, he has no brother. His abolition doctrine* 
avfe severed us. I have not seen nor had a letter from 
Vim for more han three years; yet there is ih my bosom 
■warmestand kindest personal friendship and regard 
ior him. Had it not been for his notions upon abolition, 
- should now and ever have breathed he same atmos- 
ire. I have iold you all I know. 

Yours, JOHN J. MARSHALL 



#5*G00D. We understand a resolution wasado;- 
at the Town Meeting in Hanover in this County, 
structing the Assessors to tax Distileries to the extei 
of the law. 

If we efcmot kill the tyrant Alcohol an once by is 
single blow, k?t us mutilate him in every possible ma - 
ner, cut a branch here, and a root there and kepn on 
doing so until there is nothing loft of him ; he has Id: 
enough trilled with the peace and happines'bf men. 

The following is Sec II. Chap 1 ofK< e 
Congregationalism and Church action 
worli that should be read in ever * family 



THE . FREEMAN'. 
This makes, the last number of the first volume of 
Freeman^ and we have already published 'hat we 
s! ovad continue it once a month at. ! -ast, and have re 
rived some new subscription;-;. We trust New Jersey 
■ i}l soon have a paper thai, can be published by some 
i" \\ ho wilt not have to do .all th e labor in odd mo- 
rn e*.;, he can catch while in the discharge pf other du- 
ties, enough for any one man; but tjie Fre .man shall 
id. stop till the slave can be heatd in x ew Jersey by 
md oilier chahnely and probably not then. We shal 
gratified to receive additions to our subscription list, 
ad the renewal of our last years subsbriptions. 



DIED. 

On the 16th of October, Adeline Amelia, aged 5 
months and one day, and on the 18th March. HELEN 
J A.NE, aged two years, two months, and 7 dsye^dajigli' 
ters of Henry and Jane Eliza Tuttle. 

On the 1st January /ast, JOHN TUTTLE, of a liiig. 
ering illness, aged 69 years. 

On the 19th ins* ELIZABETH, daughter of James 
and Catherine Crane, aged I year, 7 months, and 10. 
days. 



25. He that would work for ma' , must also work f • 
God, in his strength, and in use of the means he has ap- 
pointed. 

26. The invasion of human rights is en assault uf.o., 
human salvation. The oppressor is a destroyer : aiij 
a conversion which leaves men at varience with th 



Tl 



c present coloquies of the- leading wJiVs i.in c.'» 



iter' i is sort, as we opine: 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. At the Election in I Judge .4.— This is too had, we have borne *9tk fort* 
i Vfarch the Liberty vote was ahead of the Whigs in 42 < bo ne. but the South is insatiable. We must have u. 
I Towns, ahead of the Democrats in 8 Towns, and in § | p:!r t- to rescue the Government from the grasp of tho 
j "owns, ahead, of both Whigs and Democrats: S members I slaveholders. 

i w " re elected, fii Canaan, where a few years ago, ao \ Hon. Mr. j?.—Tlvt is verv.tn". We b'un 'eted 

fundamental principles of a sound morality, leaves then | tcadamy was drugged into a sw«tmp by a mob of respec j nomi-'attujr Clav- Mr. Webster" w;-s ri-vht. iWUJ) 
unsaved. j -yble men, and left thercybecause- colored children were | we -ad nominated him and stood i*-v him. * , 

27. To divorce the positive from the moral in religio- | iught in it,-- -the vote was Dem. 99, Whig- 94, Liberty j Col. C. — That can,'! be helped u ---v. .\:sd we felon, 
is to destroy both. . i 106. The vote in the State last N ovember was 4161, in | *j' r< ^ . :, ? ain . ir ! . Parting this Nat iv jam. It is plavioj 

28. Hearts dead to the claims ofmafc, eannotbe aliv ! ^.farch abo.ut GOOO-^gain about 45 per cent in fou 

Dying away is it? 



to the commands of God: and religon cannot flourish <» ,j . 



A WSib; liiJci'iiss'etriiioss. 



the ground where humanity withers;. 
■ 29. What God determines to accomplish, He will see j 
that in some form, andat some time, and by somebody i 

it shall be done — all reformations from evil are of bis i Jl _ , . . 

instisnation and those who engage in them are on .the ! 1 he 1 °™ Courier & Enquirer whicH gav* the 

Lord's side. ' < present Whig party its name and is one of the leading 

30. The religion of Christ assumes as an essentia! papers of the party, thuscxplains the defeat of the Whigs 



clement the doctrine of individual responsibility, and 
inalienable rights, upon which the whole framework of 
moral law and human accountability is erected. 



in the recent PreBiaehtiaZ contest: 

."Mr. Clay, as the whole country well knows, lost the 
State of N. York in November /ast, and consequently, 



31. Really to admit the claims of religon anywhere, ; s Jl0i now the President of the UmM States, becaus 



is to admit them everywhere. 

32. The practical Christianity of Christendom is most 
deplorably below the Bible standard, inasmush os^jtho 
burr <nt religion even of the ptotestantand dissenting sects 
is, to a great extent, a religion of outward observan- 
ces, of constitutional arrangements — of idolized rituals. 

33. The commands of God to his people cover the 
whole ground of their civil and political duties, and clear- 
ly teach, that to set up the workers of iniquity and el- 
evate oppressors to places of power, is the climax of a- 
postacy and rebellion. 

34. Religon and morality inseparable, and the attempt 
to dissever them, in any reformatory movements, is to 
err fatally in the start, and to ensure defeat in the re- 
sult. 



J 

he placed on record his dcUben-ie ofinion that the Ancx- 
afion of Texas cm , Id in no manner affect the question of 
Slatcrg; arid avowed himself is: favor of annexa- 
tion, ichencver the assent 6/ Mexico end'ofour even peo 
pie could be obtavrjcd." 

For thus daring to be honest, and for honestly be- 
/ieving that the annexation of Texas hi a constitutional 
manner would be a pub/ic blessing — which opinion we 
hues advocated jbr eijht years — Mr. Clay was deprived 
of the Presidenc y." 

The above extract from the Courier and Enquirer, 
shows that the editor of that paper regarded Mr. Clay 
as favorable to annexation, and that because of this he 
lost his e/ection. It is wort' >y of note, too, that the fead- 



the mischief with u<. Ail this pfi-ves'to my inind thgt 
we want % grea' priiuipl- to rally on ■ . ' 

Judqe A. — Just so. We must have a party opposed 
tn t e slave power. That its, a'tor all, the gre.-.t ques- 
tion; of this republic. I have made up m. mr.ri iVIy to 
su< h a pa ty. 

Tlon. Mr. B. — B"t what shall we do w th the fciber. 
ty p rty? I would take that ground if it h.d not «»on 
spoiled. 

Col. C. Yes. Judge, the Libert^ men are ri^-ht. buj 
they are *n ini<.rac-icabl.e set. To join them won! ) \ • 
letting our elves down. And to -top short of then p?» 
smon would be ridfcul -ug. There is not to»vH eh •• 
Nvbere to form a party. — Host Chrcr- 



(<@> A mass Liberty Convention for the State of a .!:- 
ana, is to be held at Indianapolis on the 22d '"laV, 19 
last three daj-s. 



ing whig papev in New York, edited bv the godfather 
3-x A revival cf religion is no father genuine than it [ of the - w hijj piivty , has advoeated the annexation of Yex- 
cxtends its influence to overcome thesin.s of the cdm-j M f or 8 years— yet when, before the e/evatioD, we de- 
munl, y- j e/ared that the whig pattv were, divided upon the ques- 

36: Christianity requires mankind to unite in one 1 tion, we were, accused "of misrepresentation. Whai 
common brotherhood, under one common Lord; impres- j v , i// 0 ur accusers now sav to "this frank avowa/ of Col. 
ses the comprehensive fact of mans's equality with man, j Webb? During the rfignt years that he has advocated 
and teaches him his own equality with his own mother's | annexation, has he boon considered any the /ess a whig 
children. j f or sue h ar l ; 0 cacv? Not. at all. We commend these 

37. The religion we propogatc abroad cannot be ex 1 facts to the attention of the thoughtful. — C'hr. Freeman. 
pected to be more pure than that which is maintained a I 

home - 1 GREAT ANT I SLAVERY CONVENTION AT 

38. Betterthata corrupt Christianity were buried outj. CINCINNATTI 

of sight, than that it should continue to stalk abroad, an.: , E h ■ ^ * ^ rendc . r it certa ,- n that th 

utter meaningless incantations and idle bravadoes, a» .„ ? , ,„ , ,. , 

*. 1 , 0 r . .1 i • • . • .. . ' . i-.roposed southern ana Western anti slavery conven- 
it always aoes, after the vrtat principle is extinct ; an. J ^ u -' vt " 

when, in the midst of its vain formalities, it confess :.^n wdl by held m Cincmnatti mthe early part of June. 1 iTHFR riTivr 

its own want of courage, to look gigantic crimes in th T««call rwill be issued this month, signed by several | ^ , 

face. ' .' hundred p •.•sons from five or sjx states, and letters from , 1 he * r ^ nch ° mcer gave the foilowing toast Ma 

39. The religion of no' people can rise higher'than tl • , very dhi-trtion assure us that the peopfe receive the centlyat Washington, waw quite savage upon "de grand 



T!ic Executive Committee of the Morris County 
W. T. B. Society, have engaged the services, of Mr 
J. M. Brown, the Temperance Singer an-.: LecjtiWibr 
a season. He will lecture as follows: On HfoRday, 
May 12th, at Boonton; Tuesday, 13th at Beavertov.i.; 
Wednesday, 14th, at Montv'ille; Thursday 15th. at 
Rockaway Valley; Friday, 16th at Denviilc; Satordsv, 
17th, at Paitippa.nj r . r 



"No man with a soul so large as a flea's gizzavC, 
could possibly be so mean, so cruel, so covvard.v, ta 
go round, pop, popping at little birds in the briars ai:J 
bushes, wing breaking sparrows, and maiming chicka- 
dees-- and yet there are things inhuman shape juii'caso 
enough to do it. These, where they bury their d.'rn, 
vity in some dark den cr %-aat wilderness, may esc^pa 
human observation; but in the vicinity of cities, tlrcy 
subject themselves to the disgust and loathing cf eveiry 
one in whom the image of God is not defaced and obi;'.- 
■rated."-—",". Y. Tribune. 



theology upon which it is founded. A false philosophy proposition with an enthusiasm that wi/1 secure the 

|wmot fail to produce a false theology. A dead-letter greatest Gi nvention of the kind eVer held in the West. 

Ijeology always involves a low standard of ethics, an- Let a u v^ho believe that the Genera/ Government 

Bhe corruption of the p-iblic morals is a matter 0! . t . <utA-i* »„ 1, . .• lL , 

f. i r and the livsc states ought at once to relieve themselves 
Bourse. . . 



I 4ft. The continuance of civil liberty depends upon th 
naintenance of pure religion. Both civil liberty and reli- 
;ion involve human rights: therefore human rights should 
je made a test question in religon. 



leetle repuhlique," unintentionally. 

"Gentilhommss ! I shall give you one sentiment. It 
ish dis. 

f A.meirique! de grand little republique vat ieh just bc- 



from connection with slavery, and all who wish to hear gin for to devil-up itself." Cin. Herald. 



Alvaa Stewart has written a long letter, to the 
»°stQn Chronicle on the true objects of the Liberty 
ttrty, and the duty of tre 'ting all objects of mere pok 
By, as minor questions. We desired very much to 
give it in the Freeman, hut thought if too Ion?, and vet 
we are not satisfied in so doing, and shall probably give 
l t in our next. 



what can !ne said on this subject, come up on the IHh 
of June. Let the farmer lay out his work so as to spare 
a few days - between planting and harvest. Let theme, 
j chanic lay aside his tools a few days and work for his 

! country. Let the professional man, the literary man 

let all who lov> their coun ry and hate slavery, come 
up to the g reat gathering of free spirits. The various 
local convi mtions now in progress in different parts of 
he country, should take measures to procure a large 
representation. 

Distinguished speakers from all parts of the country 
wil/be present. Let noiif therefore who can possibly 
attend, be absent from' this great council of freemen. 



We know some professed Temperance men who arc 
just beginning to devil-up themselves.— Ed. Freemae. 



NOTICE. 

The Annual meeting of the Pastern ft. 
Y A. S .Society will be held Anninermty 
meek— first week in May— in %ew York 
City. — A lanje ffatherin»- is expected and 
it no doubt wiil prove a neb treat to the 
lovers of Libertv. 



THE BONDMAN. 

SELECTED. 

Am, " Troubadour: 7 

feebly the bondman toiled, 

Sadly he wept- 
phen to his wretched cot 

Mournefuliy crept: 
JJLovf doth his free-born soul 

Pine 'neath his chain ! 
Slavery ! Slavery ! 

Dark is thy rei^n. 

Long ere the break of day, 

Roused from repose, 
Wearily toiling 

Till after its close- 
Praying for freedom, 

He spends 'his last breath: 
Liberty! Liberty! 

*uire uvb. or death. 

Wheri, when, oh Lord! will right 

Triumph o : er wrong 1 
Tyrants opress the weak, 

O h Lord ! how long ? 
dark ! Hark'! a peal resounds 

From shore to s 1 ore— 
Ty r a n n y ! T y r a n n y ! 
Thy reign is o'er. 

E'en now the morning 

Gleams from the Hast — 
Despots are feeling 

Their triumph is past — . 
Strong hearts are answering 

To freedom's loud call — 
Liderty ! Liberty ! 

Full and for all. 

'ffHE TEETOTAL MILL. 

Two jolly topers once sat in an inn, 

Discussing the merits of Brandy and Gin, 

Said one to the othert "I'll tell you « hat' Bill, 

I've been hearing 10 day of the Teetotal Mill. 

You must know that this comical mill has been built, 

Of old broken cnsks,when the liquors were spilt; 

You go up some steps, and when at the door sill, 

You've a paper to sign »i the Teetotal-mill. 

You' promise, by signing this paper, (1 think,) 

That ale, wine and spirits, you never will drink; 

You give up (us they call it.) such 'rascally sw ill,' 

And then go into the teetotal mill. 

Theft's a wheel in this mill that they call 'sclfdenial, 

They turn it a bit to just give you atrial: 

Oi'i clothes are made new on-s, and if you've been ■ i 

You are very soon cured at the teetotal mill." 

Bill listened and wondered, at i»-n«rth hr cried out, 

" Why, Tom, if its true what you're telling abou > 

What fools we must be, to be here sitting still, 

Let us go in and look at the Teetotal Mill." 

They gazed with astonishment — there come a man 

With excess .vm. disease his visage was wan 

U . mounted the steps, signed the pledge with go 

♦\r..l went for a turn in the Teetotal Mill." 
He quickly came oat with the pic aire of health, 
Ai.fl walked briskly ©n io the highway to wealth , 
' Ajid as onward he passed lie shouted out still, 
"Success to the wheel of the Teetotal Mill!" 
The next that vent in w re a man and hut wife, 
For many long years they'd been living in strife , 
lie had • ■ Jftmd abus' d her, he swore he would k . 
.Bui. hi.-, h att look a iurn in the. Teetotal Mill; 
And when ho came, out how altered was he, ; 
St udy, boh ?,t, ami soix-r — how happy was she: 
They no mqro contend, u no you shan't," "yes, 1 v.i. 
Tt. "< were bles -iuir together the Teetotal Mill. 
Ci;n. a felow, as grim as a lurk, 



To curse and to swear seemed his principal work, 
He swore that that morning his skin he would fill, 
And drunk as he was, he reeled into the mill, 
And what he saw there I never could tell, 
But his conduct was changed, and his language as 
well ; 

I saw, when he turned round the brow of the hill, 
That he knelt and thanked God for the Teetotal Mill. 
I The poor were made rich, the weak were made strong: 
; The "chalk," was made short, and the purse was mad 
long; 

I These miracles puzzled both Thomas and bill, 
i At length they went in for a turn in the mill. 
1 A little time after, I heard a great shout ; 
j 1 turned around to see what the noise was about; 

A flag was conveyed to the top of a hill, 

And a croud, amongst which were both Thomas and 
Bill, 

Were shouting "Hurrah fur the Teetotal il/;7/." 

Elevator. 



NOTICE 



(Ji^ A Tf.mperance Cit". The citizens of Bangor 
have decided by a large majority againgst licensing 
Taverns for selling rum. The state of Maine has han- 
ded the the license system over to the Towns, and rum 
finds but little favor. 



The Quarterly Meeting of the IVEU 
JERSh Y AN II LA VER Y. SOCIETY, 
v. ill be held on Tuesday the 13th. of May 
1*45, in the FREE CH VRCffat 

NEWARK, 

at 10 oclock A. M. Meetings will be held 
in the afternoon and evening. A committee 
will be appointed to attend at the New 
ork Anniversaries, and the services of Al- 
van Stewart and other able advocates of the 
cause of Liberty, will be secured for the 
occasion. Let us have the largest and most 
energetic meeting for freedom ever held in 
the .Slate. 

A. H. Freeman, >Sec. 
April' 30th. 1845. 



Vermont. In seven'Counties in Vermont there j The AMERICAN CITIZEN a new weekly paper of 
are said to be no rum sel'ing Taverns, If we mistake genuine Stamp and very respectable appearence has just 



ot there are just 14 Counties in the State 

Communion Trine. A recent analysis of communion 
| wine obtained of a clergyman proved its composition to 
be " New Rum, Logwood, sugar of Lead, and some- 
thing resembling boiled cider" The operator had analized 
a great many specimens and did not believed there was 
a single quart of the juice of the grape in any shop in 
New England. 



Gamblers. The following pa agraph is a transla- 
tion from the German of Lichweha. It is a bold picture 
und forcibly drawn : 

' A man who had gone over a great part of the 
world returned at length home from his travels: his 
friends came and requested him to relate what he had 
seen. ' Listen,' said he — 'eleven hundred miles be- 
yond the countrv of the Hourons, I saw what I thought 
very strange, they frequently sit at a table until late 
in the night; there is no cloth laid, they do not wet 
thefc mouths; lightnings might flash around them, two 
armies might be engaged in battle; even the sky might 
hreaten to crush them in its fall, they would re- 
main unmoved on their seats for they are deaf and dumb. 

Yet, now and then, there escapes from their lips a 
half broken, unconnected, and unmeaning sound, and 
ihey horribly roll their eyes at the same lime. 

I often stood looking at them with astonishment, foi 
when such sittings take place, people frequently go to 
witness them. 

Believe me bn thren, I shall never forget the hptribl 
• ontortions which I there Bawi Despair, fur}', ijiaticiou 
>v, and anguish, were by tnrns visible in their coun 
nces. Their rage, I assure you, appeared tohletbn 
f the furies-- thiep gravity that of the judges of hel!-- 
id -heir anguish that of malefactors. 'But what w; 
•ii object?' asked his friends. 'They attend perhaps . 
welfare of the community ? ' 'Oh no !' 'Th y r 
king the philosopher's stone ?' 'You are mistake?, 
i " >y wish to discover the quadrature of the circle 7 * 
I [ftp, 1 'They do pennance for old sins?' ° 
j T ' '-n they are mad; if they neither hear, nor speak, no 
! 1, nor see, what can ihey be doing?' 'They ar 
1 'Ambling ! ' 



been started in Philadelphia, we trust long to live and 
fight the battle of Liberty — Lucius C Matlack Editor. 

The BANGOR GAZETTE is soon to be published 
Tri-Weekly. 

WESTERN TRANSCRIPT. Dr.Brisbane's Chris- 
TIAN POLITICIAN is now called the WESTERN 
TRANSCRIPT. 

A new Daily is in Contemplation at Cleveland Ohio 
to be issued at the office of the OHIO AMERICAN, 
a weekly Liberty paper. 



f f I $ 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE. 

Myron Finch and Thomas A. weed have opened an 
office for the sale ofAnti Slavery Books, Panwhlets 
Tracts &c. at 118 Nassau Street, New York, Let them 
be well patronized. 



Temperance Houses. 

ALBERT GURNEE, Paterson. 
Please forw ard the names, snd thus favor a temper- 
ance community. 

CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION Is a small book published by JOHN KEEP 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. It should 
h read by every body. A few copies for sale at the 
Freeman Office, Boonton, N. J. 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For sale at the Office of 
Freeman, Boonton, N. J 



I've eat the frait of many a tree, 
The grapes of ruanv a vine; 

But none, O ilcohol, have fired 
And burnt my flesh like thine, 

Lid. i i ecinan. 

re ar no hAn triers like votes to knock thei 
,n<in the slaves. Voting placed them thwu 
vo ing must gfct them oti. Ind. Freeman. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

V fe« copies -if CI rk's Liberty M ustr 1 are for 

■ • at this office. 

T is is sup ri'ir to any thing f <ho Kiud we have 
a and should be int >e possession of every one i hat 
es rood riusie, ;uid loves ti> nake a good un« of it. 
Price, 44 cents. 

i . niton Washington Tcinpei uncn JJcnev- 
it Society, — meets every Monday eve- 
ig in the Free ( hurcn John ' a x iield, 
i sideut, Fredrick Stone, Sea clary. 

mfon Liberty Association. -*-meets the 
Friday evening of every month. 
<i. Evarts, President, C. B. Norris,' Sec. 



THE NEW JERSEY FREEMAN. 



VOL. 2. 



NO. ]. 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
Boonton, Morris County, New Jcrsaj. 



j membership. In fact, if he votes the liberty parly tick- 

' et, he is a member of the fraternity, in spite of the 

i whole world, and we cannot turn him out. 

j To be sure, when we come to exercise our right of 

iselectiug candidates, we have the right to ask, is b 3 a 

TERMS I devoted Liberty party man? is he upright, a man of in- 

„.r™io nnm hm j tegrtty, and a man of sufficient abilities to fill the station 
Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 cumbers. , ° ■ ' . 

^> . w ,, * f . j„u___ lor which we desire him, with credit to himself, an J. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. L i/T ' . . ' 

r . . , -j i„„ ^r.p,. ; benefitito our country? Or in otcei words; is he hon 

Ml communications must be post paid, our papei is \ u ? 

„„j „„„„„, iJffivrrKI §st > capably ana devoted to the great, cause of emantt- 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot. ofttorti - ' t ' 8 
r F .„.. 1 .nation 1 By standing on this sublime and simple, around 

to pav postage. . .„ , , , . . ■ 

1 *f 3 . .j we 01 1 lie gr;>at one mea, will march to certam victory. 

From the Chronicle and Emancipator. ; dozen different propositions, equal in power and glory 

LETTER FROM ALVAN STEWART. ; v , ith thp 

slaveys emancipation, our car wiil break dov n 
Mr. Editor: — I confess I am somewhat grieved i oc f 1>re we come in sigh* of Mason & Lixon's line, 
when I discover an attempt hi some of our good broth- This has always be. n a maUor of fear to the discern- 
ren to place divers questions of political economy, and ing; that the moment we acquired strenglith so as tobt- 
other points on the same level, in point of importance C( ,me respectable in our own eyes, and 'hose of na ions, 
with the emancipation of the slaves of this Republic. 1 : ;1 p.u the car began tOiincve to th'i Scfeth, we should b 
had supposed that the elevation of the denationalized {ha^dd and asked to lake oH board Mr. Tariff or Mi. 
free colored citizens of the free states, to the enjoyment ! FrcjDj Trade, so as to appear like the KHor par'ies and 
of the right of voting, was r a subordinale*part of oui , ,.vc on assortment of principles to retail on re igion, ;.o 
work, though important as a part of thejj^tass of means 
to Accomplish the work of emancipation of three »ui 
lions of slaves; and that the three millions of Son! hen. 
poor whites, Row crushed under the (great wheel 01 
slavery, (which makes the labor of the whites for v. a 
ges. by the side of the slaves, more disgraceful in tb> 
oy.s of slaveholders, than the most abject poverty, cau- 
sed by indolence,) would, as a suboriinat* eonsequonc 



Ik 



ft v.'i from the chains of the labor despising, a: 
;e 'a k to the honest possession of their long d'sus 
uliijsa, of their own limbs, which they hnd long fo 
•ao to exereis*, for the honor and glory of the,. • p 



,, teal economy, the rights of w on), h] our nothern hired 

elnj non r rcsisiance, distribution of the avails of public 

••nds, andfhe distribtrionof the buds ufcemselves among 

: ose v ho have no land- The Sub Treasur'v says he 

■ 

, 'ist get in, and a Bank of ibt Untied S « m 1 not 
■f\\y be kept out, but oc v hipped for offering o g.t in 
I i\t# may think that Mr. Dorr shouio come in, al- 
bougii ids friends vote d ;nai colored nun should not 
. ave ilie. elective irniichis'-. And <ack of these nev 
•••:ti:crs"wijl leiljyou tiia*"they are to be *reaied as equal 



arid be regarded as belonging to the slaveholdnig epoch 
We shall then be astonished at many of our present 
views on politca! economy. 

We must b< ar in mind that slavery is an element of 
eternal disturbance, and that its influence does not term- 
inate in. or on itself, bur. is forever throwing its hooked 
talons into every interest of this nation, in the frer states 
as well as the slave. Every man of observation at 
Washington, the past winter might see this. While 
the Northern Democrat, in the acquisition of Texas, 
talked of enlarging the area of freedom, the slaveholder 
♦bought of nothing but enlarging the area of slaverv. 
And ^o of the post office bill, and of all improvement 
of northern fivers, lakes or harbors, these selfish slave- 
holders speak v iih contempt of Northern.men, Northern 
free labor institutions, and vote against almost all and 
everything that might aid us. and are in an unceasing 
conspiracy to ax and crush free labor and build up a 
system of piracy by law. Have we not all seen that 
slaver\ has poisoned the streams of Christian benevo- 
nce itself, in the American Bible Society, and in the 
Foreign and Domestic missions, and now exercises a 
; ower so direct over the Northern pulpits, that throe 
quarters of those pulpits dare not say one word in a year 
agains' slaverv, and dare not even prayforits overthrow, 
and that the colleges dare not, (nine tenths of them) 
impart iasrruction to the colored young men, however 
worth v , and several of the free states have denied the 
free colored man his vote, in truckling subservience to 
slavery. 

Give the colored man his equal vote, 15,000 in Penn- 
sylvania, and 8000 in this state, and 3000 in Ohio, tho 
>outh would never attempt to chase fugitive slaves 



cut; 



ir institutions, which require them to remain in -un- 
bounded misery., ignorance and rags, that the cart whi, 
institutions might flourish and prevail — and woir.e-. 
whijep- ~s be tn the ascendent. 

So for as we could help the fre.oJeolorcd men, it wa 
[only as a means to an end; and that jrn.»lend was th 
^mancipation of three millions of slaves. The dclivei 
mice of three millions of undone whites, w»s a const 
, quince of doing justice to the enslaved. Buhgrea' ar 
glorious as even these two points may be, in result , 
they are but adjuncts to the colossal column of emu; 
cipation. 

L r -t us define a Liberty party man as he has beeii 
und' rstcod for five years, or since the formation of ft < 
Liberty party. An individual presents himself to o 1 .!> 
[Liberty party. No Liberty man has a right to ask 
Candidate for admission in the Liberty party any of tJ 
following questions. 

Are you a Mahomedan, Jew or Gentile? Native a 
you or foreign born? Or do you believe as a papiv 
protestant? Do you follow Luther, Calvin or We.J.. 
aire you Unitarian, Universalis, or free thinker ' A: 
Irou for canals or rail-roads or opposed to^them ? A- 
rou for the distribution of the public lp^.ds or not ? f, ', 
lur common school system or not? for our naturalizaHo 
fcws, or twenty one years of extension? None of thes. 
loes ions can be asked, it soems to' me: but the follow 
kg pledge is all that we can, r S Liberty pr.rty ien, re- 
■ire of a candidate: 

I Do you believe slavery a sin against God, and : crime 
fcainst man; and will you vote "or ft* Liberty >-r'ty 
feandidates? or if you have a. personal objection to them, 
fill you vote for Liberty party men, for town, city, coun- 
ty, .Male, and National offices? Will you do all you 
Pvfuily, can to overthrow slavery in this land." 

To this the candidate answers "yes," or signs a pledge 
ike ih,s, and he instantly becomes a Liberty party man 
n full communion. No other test can be required fo' 



in dignity and honor with the slave's oimiaupaiion; and 1 where the constables. of the free states and public men 
'•"you will not so trr at. them, you are not a gooo aim j l 00 k for those majorities which brought them into pow- 
. tit} Liberty party man. and you muss go ou. Ql the cui ' at If the free colored men of the free states had tho 
; iysPlf, or they wiii throw you overboard. | right of voting, the free states would have been a per- 

t-l.ns- enquire for what have we torsateai old parly jfec't asvlum for the slave, and Virginia, Maryland, Ken- 
|sspeiati<th"s and quetuioite? Was i. U cause the abo i vcky, and Missouri, ere this, wwda have ceased in nil 



UUpmsis who came from >the whigs were disguh.e.. 
ivith tbek old parti' notions about Tariffs and interna! 
mprovements? Oh no, they liked the whigs on tha 
-...conn:, and that, in their opinion, these were gloriou 
uihs. Ah, says the Democrat, did 1 leave my ol: ! 
-iiorsonian Democratic friends because they believed 
f -.-egress had no power to raise impost duties, except 
tor re\ enue, and incidentally for"protection, or becau^.-- 
i .hey oppose the re-charter of a Ubifced States Bank, and 
• he distribution of the avails of the public lands? One 
.> iys this gentleman. On these points 1 ;hink the Den 

: ats were right, and I still entertain these opinion . 
' Bat what made you, Mr. Whig or Mr. Democrat, for 
: j -:e your old parties and join the Liberty party? T. 
j liberty party Abolitionist v, ill answer yon in the sin 
'< rity of his soul, that the abandonment of old . friends 
■ ti parties, and his uniting with the Liberty party was 
' y him intended to form a high mora' and political fore . 
• which three millions of his countrymen might b? d. 
i ered from the most frightful bondage, to th® tender 
rh -rcies of liberty, law, justice, and equality; which n 
its operation v.- ould also elevate 500,000 denationadze .- 
freemsfch to citizens, and 3,000,000 of white vagabon 
and beggarf. to the honorable independ - nee wherf f; 
labor wonld be emancipated from contempt, and the dis 
grace s'uveVolders hive ntamped upon it, when -pe 
formed in the presence of a s"l#freh©ldiifg community. 

We Liberty aien further believe that the fierce strif 
and contention going on in this land in relation to pro- 
motion and free tri.de doctrines between the North and 
South, international improvements. &c, and most of 
thtrie questions will come to an end by the abolition of 
slavery, and thenceforth- will cease to exist in their pre- 
sent form, and will become extinct fashions of opinion, 



i robapility to be slave states, by the emigration of slaves 
to the /North. So it will be seen it was necessary to 
strike down liberty iu the North to sustain slavery in 
the South. Then its effect on our Northern politics i.s 
o plain, I will .not waste time in showing how botb 
parties nominate sleveholding candidates for the Presi- 
ncy; and the unsuccessful one wishes us Liberty men 
ail destroyed from the earth, because we did not vote 
or that one who had, by his single e'oquence, intrigue 
end vote, made Missouri and Arkansas slave states. 
To return to the matter in haad. Has it entered into 
mind of the wisest man in the world to foresee the 
Obition of the mind of the nation may wish to occupy 
>n these momentous questions, when delivered from 
his all pervading and disturbing force. 

We must remember that we have formed all oilr 
mi ions on moral, political, economical, and physictd 
ujbjects, under the weight and influence of slavery as a 
.""rmanent institution continually pressing upon us. 
•uppose ten men with clumped feet, which turned in- 
• i.rdly, who had labored from infancy under an incn- 
b!e dyspepsia, should be well persuaded that they had 
ueovered a remedy which at the end of five years, 
eu d make them all healthy and vigirous, with their 
. . | strengthened and made whole, natural and strong. 
" Vould it not appear passing strange and foolish if these 
men should calculate on arriving at health" and strength 
to limit all their exertions undertakings and business, 
by what they had been able to do, under the strango 
despoolings and weakness of dyspepsia, and their ina- 
bility for locomotion from their clumped feet? Why 
will you, O ye ten men, adopt these strange methods 
to hobble about with staves and crutches, gloom and 
crutches, gloom and weakness, when you come to bo 



healthy and cheerful, and able to bound like a deer over 
the fields? Why not waif until you are cured of your 
infirmities, and look out upon a new heaVen and a new 
earth, and not waste your time in hot contentions as to 
the best form or best mode of using; your crutches, or 
what kind of timber, or what shall bo the length of the 
staves, and whether seasoned or dry, and as to what 
kind of diet you shall use or avoid, to saw you from be- 
ing bed ridden, when you are no longer to be lame, no 
longer to use crutches or staves, and when you are to 
have the most buoyant health, by which you can eat 
and digest with perfect comfort all that ever entered the 
stomach of Jew or Gentile? 

It seems to me our present position is entirely a false 
one; it is too early to face the consequences which may 
spring from surrounding and subordinate interests, which 
must be mojt wouderfully affected, and even revolu- 
tionized, by the abolition of slavery. 

Agsrff, we are'" now down in the valley, fighting om 
way up to the top of the mountain; let us wait unti' 



bors of his own complexion and others around him. 1 
never will admit it any more supposeable, than that 
George Washington was a horse-thief, Benjamin Frank- 
lin a counterfeiter, or John Hancock a blackleg. 

I am willing to trust all my rights to that noble body 
of men, who will, as legislators, abolish slavery. 

Yes, let every man be the opponent of my opinions 



gospel at home and abroad; twelve limes as much as 
they devote to the cause of Foreign Missions. May we 
not hope that the moral sentiment of the civi/ized world 
will be roused against this vast immolation to War, which 
engulphs the revenue of Christendom, crushes its hard- 
toiling milions in the dust, suppress commerce, fetters 
and corrupts the Christian religon ? Let every man 



^ . ~, _ . — j L i - - aiw v 

on political economy, and I will vote for them, trust that wholovoshis raco . p i aC( . up0 nthe open record of the pub- 
noble integrity: and I should a thousand times ratheract 



under such a body of men and be governed by them, if 
they went diametrically opposite to my opinions, after 
they had abollished slavery, than to act with a body of 
men who refused to abolish slavery, but would do exact- 
ly as I wished on every other subject. 

The, integrity which would abo'ish . slavery, would! 
vt honestly for what they believed the best interests of 
all concerned demanded For if they discovered they 
were wrong on any point, they would have the integri- 
1 v to correct it. 



ic mind his testimony against the sin-breeding custom of 
War, and this green world would soon be rescued from 
a burning curse, whose progeny — inheriting all the at- 
tributes of their parent — are Slavery, Anarchy, Piracy, 
Intemperance, Iufidelity, and the whole legion of lust. 

E. B. 



Mk. Editor. I ulmostblusk to own that ) was atone 
time an advocate for Slavey, and . that my feelings of 
right and justice, could have been so completely warped 
But let us undertake to agitate .questions of polittcalc- j s to me a matter of the greatset astonishment. Pcr- 

' haps however, I could frame for myself an excuse in 



this 'ight. I was surrounded by those, whose every ar- 
gument tended to prove Shivery just, and the Abolition- 
ists an artful and designing class of men, and that it was 
realy nesasery that Slavery should exist, for there must 



svay up io vac uupui tuc iuuuuuhu, »v ua ■■ . .-, i - 

got to the top ©tthe mountain before we describe th ! onomy, and the days of the Lib Hy party arc numberd 
sccier? of tV- surrounds countrv. or provide modes or i But pursue the great idea, and i the time we have 
ways & desee, dfafe on the other side. A<rain as vet, ; .">w,r to turn opinions into law, w ■ shall not differ 
i j ? t JM^rtfaL** if* ! on political economv. and if we do after slavery is abol- 

wc have uo power to make our J^gg**^ isll d , then let us so differ: We can then afford to dif- 
be- ever ko wise ones on this subject. Uut suppose we I ' 

form a code of these opinions; thon they must stand u- | fer '** ut "J""* , . . , u nndrpds 0 fl'be hewers of wood and drawers of water. That God 

ride bv side with emanation: and if to make a man-! »H J? « *• ^^^^k^^ blacks for a stale of sen Undo, their 

good ehoHtionist he must be sound on all these points, v j ' ;'™an b « n S^^^^ ^"foi the! Physical an Intellectual conformation evidenced it, and 

they were the happiest creatures in the world; they 
loved there masters, and there masters loved them I ke 
children. The tie that connected them was like that 
of Parent and child. And thenfeame a host of witness" 
why Mrs. C. had lived two winters at the south, and 
she never saw any thing butthe most uudcviatir.g kindnes 
toward them. I could now ask Mrs. C. when she was 
at the south only aVisiter in a freads family, if she saw 
both sides of thegpicture, if she sa\v the seperatico of 
husbands and wives, parents and children, if sh<- heardihe 



,70. .d p+wlitiomsl he must tie sound on an tnese pouus. \ - r- " ° " „~ t l,n,n from the 

e r..i shore- and crvfor niercv, to save them irom im 

should turn hundredst and thousands out of our litlf ■ •> ' snore , ana ciy ioi >, das he« 



should turn hundredst ana tnousanas oui oi our mw . ... j-^hes 

party ; who would go with us to the death on the gre* IJ» of the angry waves; every hftuig urge dash 
Point ^emancipalionn; but as an honest man he woui ' ' 



say, if I a>n called on as an abolitionist to adopt thiss 
hordinatg creed, 1 cannot do it. 

Owing to the notions men have on political eeonom 
hundreds might might join us, believing in these d . 
trines, who at heart regarded the cmancipotion of ! 
slave as subordinate, and would forsake us in our tryin 
hour, for the sake of his preferred dogma on political 
couoiriY. 



i h m further and further on the rocks; every timber 
aks and groans in her noble frame : I shout, Ho ! help 
ime Jew and Gentile, co/d water and alcoholic men, 
■h and poor, the righteous and the profane, the virtu- 
ous and the vicious, old sailors and landsmen; come, 
me to the resent, whether in skiffs, canoes, fishing 
■icks, sloops, brigs, vessels, or single planks, or rafts, 
life preservess, or without; the men and women on 
sinking ship will welccme you as their deliverers 



• sinking snip win weiccme vuu uo — - nusoanus auu wives, [«ucuviiiui«v M ,»»> 

' ,; " ! . ny ' , f , ... e ■ • „id benefactors: vou will be asked noquestions. abstract merci / ( , ss i, is i , am l the loud wail of anguish, that ascen 

I thought I learnt something from an .enemy of on ; * 1 .. wi „ not be serutiniz „ d f your o- : * . ■ ^ told , s owfe Uil c of Wrong. I could 



can,, las* month in Philidelphia. vho is a slaveholder * concrete; your lives will not be j ot u o din? up t0 ]wa ,,. v 1old ,ts own tale of wtong 

in hear* a .n.n of rrafe penetration- who gloated over pinions as to the mode of nianagmg those >tto "ij if she saw the deep express^ tt hlfter at„ d, oi 

L r in o th.; Lilrty party with" a fiendish which are sailing in -he eye ot the wind, of what chutcL 

yoo belong to, or what party or opinion tn politics you 
have favored or opposed. 0 come to the rescue. 



resentful feeli'ngjthat cannot hot exist in a he#< sohaso< 
ly wronged and which the gag, the lash, and the de. p 



ram o 

smile. He said, "Ah, vou will destroy yourselves by . . „ T . 

-rotthxr tin* of your one idea of -mancipation, and by have favored or opposed. U come to tnt re ; eu .. bounds, cannot stifle, although that heart may 

edging othor ouestions to make your cause more pop- It seems to me that th is is ^ 

^ a,d these 0 ^ T i.>stions willsetyou to quarrelling ^.on tot been f lav h Let» ay ^J And there was Mr. B. why ho had ived hv, 

mou > vonr, lves, and that will he your ruin." ! «nder the rally.iig cry of ^J^^ 1 "* at the South, and he certainly could judge con-cctly <-n 

'Yours truly. I th(v suh '" (,t and what w<>i « hl >' arguments he 1 rou:hi ; lor 

ALVAN STEWART 
New York, March, 1845. 



[)n r vo.tr v. lves, and that will he your ruin." ™ r 1111 ^ J Am ;,, ran sl " 

°" , • ,■ nf pmancirjfttion for every American sia\e. 

Tie then alluded to non-res:4anee, making war upon ot emancipaiion « j t , 

the ehnrches, ;iud disolving the Union, and woman's j 
rights questions as instances of loading the question of 
emancipation with what did not belong to it. 

1 t. ',d him we h.id no communion with those philoso- 
phical abstractionists of Vfiv England of, Philadelphia — 
that we wire further from therm than any other party 
on earth. 

But I confess I was startled at the depth and sagacity 
of his remarks, believing them to be true as a proposit- 
ion. He admitted that no man could say, in sound 
philosopy, with reason on his side, "that we would not 
succeed, if vc remained one and indivisible on the great 
4 idea ' of emancipation, and that alone. 

It is urged .that we must not only be sure that a can 



ward that Slavery is after all' a fine institution, as it keeps 
the blacks where they should be, and then their masters 
are so kind to them, why when they are to old to work: 
he makes provision for them as for the whip, it is realy 
From the Liberty Press ^ & tW ^ & rpa , in n ic . tion , and the seperation 

«.ln Time of Peace prepare for * ar. of fiimi ,; rt< , ( ,,,,,. is ll0 truth in the esa . d s.o- 
This pagan maxim is the only gospel which has been ries ^ ^ at tht . Nor {b. I o»«td now ask Mr. B. 
admitted into the policy of Christian nations. Nearly j hfi p ^ M the Soutb, a partner in a lurg mer- 
three-forths of all their revenue has been, sacrificed to | cantilp jj 0HS ' e and engaged in business that required his 



this heathenish precept. Christians have bowed down 
to it with a reverence whieh the Inst injunction of Jesus 
Christ could not command at their hearts 

The Christian nations of Europe, "in time of peace,' 1 
are expending $100,000,000, annually in preparing for 



didate of the liberty party is sound on the subject of e- 1 war with ca ch other; while all the Christians of the world 

-» . v . .. i !B I. I . •/» ~r iU n :« «V,;i^i\tVirnnv.. hnve. 



mancipation, but on several other questions; and if h 
is not sound on these others, we >.v'ill not go with him 
to a^cotnplrsh "mancipation. 

The cas» is 'hen suposed, that a man is red hot for 
the emancipatian of the three millions of slaves, but is 
a tyrant and to enslave, white ra»n at the north . 

Now in all candor I must say, some things are not 
wipposeable, not to say ridiculous. This matter of sup- 
posing opens in to a very large field, and a great deal 
may be done in it. 

Have I a right to suppose that John Rogers, the 
blessed martyr of Htnitfiheld, who perished in the flame, 
for the doctrines ot Jesus Christ, was a knavish cheat, 
and would occasional}- steal, lie, and gamble ? 

No, I deny it asupposeable case ; but no more so than 
•f n- /.nglo-Saxou to submit, for long years, to be in a 
mlBOrkjr, has* continual and insulting reproaches, acting 
for a distal good, for meu whom he had never seen 
paying hi^jnoa&J" freely to support the cause, to sup- 
poste eueh a map CfM and desirous of injuring his neigh- 



immediate pn'scnee, if he.ever while them th-ught im- 
partially on the subject at all,jtif he ever visited the plan- 
tations and saw matters as they really were; if he ever 
witnessed the undeserved punishments, the namless 
miseries inflcte by a savage overseer, or listened t< /he 
sad tale of wmngs unr -dressed. I could ask him t-o 
if he thought a suit of cott-n and a hide cm meaf wou/d 
ver given more than $.,000,000 a year in prepare, ng l^^^ ioT> long'weary fife -f labor 

preach the gospel of peace to the benighted regions o | ^ ^ ^ ^ a , kn . w/edge Mr 

the earth. The operations of the Amer.can Board 0 f teachings, I imbibed draughts of 

Commissions for Foreign Miss.on* .are are attracting th MM jwy^ »^ was convinced; 

notice of the civilized world, and are everywhere re- ^^^S a 'change came over the spirit 

if my dream, and as; the first rays of light and truth 
dawned upon my benighted soul— there came an ear 



in the largest munificence of their philanthropy,, have 
never given more than $.,000,000 a year in Feeing 
to 

the earth. The cpei 



garded as a magnifi -ent enterprise of Christian benevo 
fence. Almost every Christian church in the Union is lam 
under contribution to sustain and cxtend these oper- 
tons. Still the annual cost of supporting a single ship 
of the line, even when anchored in one our harbors, ex- 
ceeds in amount a/1 that the American bord can raise in 
a year, to cam the bread and light of life to the regions 
of pagan darkness. 

Eighteen millions of dollars are annually expended by 
our government in prepareing for War in time of peace. 

Of this sum, six millions are paid, indirectly, if you 
p/ease, by professing Christians and those intimately as- 
sociated with them, in sustaining the preaching of the 



nest longing tor justice, and an utter contempt for the 
hearties cruelty of man. What is man dressed in a lit- 
tle brief auth- rity. He lords it over his weaker breth- 
r n for a brief spac- , and then goea'to render his fin* 

account. tk( 
He arises in his miserable weakness, and with his 
puny arm tvrannizes over the work of God's own hand 
—that which he created in his own image and pro- 
nounced good. Poor insect of a summer day! he crush- 
es to the earth his fellow— beings his neck with h aw 
fetters, and says with a voi<* of high auth«,rit> , come 



M, and q o ther^ for thou art in slav ; but there -will j THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN 



»J°"he"has desecrated and trodden under foot, shall j 
e one day account and receive a just and righteous ret- j 

bution. . . . j 

ThU subject was brought to my mind with thrilling 
rce. as I took up a paper, not a Liberty but a Pro 



BOO S TON , JUltfE. 1st. 1813. 



laverv paper and read the following. "When the great j Hearts dead to the claims of man, cannot be alive to 
re raged in the dismal swamp, many slaves were driven j lhe commands of God : and rehgon cannot flourish on 
•om their hiding places, one woman with eleven Child- j ^ EJ . 0UU j where humamt. withers. Keep. 
en. also a large number of Bears, Panthers, 
?ox-s." Oh! I exclamed as the pap< r fell from 
nd, what a burning stigma upon Slavery, now let Mia • ^ ghal , spnd tnp F ree man by mail to all 



and Mr. B. come with a host ot tOcircietestaDte argu- - adistanc al)d i 10pe t } 1( , subscribers will call 

nents, and with these few word? Will 1 toll them a 11. b - ^ j ntend to 

Tlx- Dismel Swamp! Would that my pen couM por- *t their Post ouici s toi to u paptis, a 
Uv in JS colon! the horrors of that fearful place, j issue it the first day of each month regularly. Some 
The horrid Aligator trailing hit; loathsome form through i | ia yp complained that they have not received them 
the durk stagnant marshes, finds there a home. The j ^ e ^ QQi j jnow tm , rPasoni -we have sent them all reg- 
ard and the poisonous adder wi^ Ued f Qt thc Pos! 
Tlnouch the thick underwood, the dark turbid water ™*W aiu -' 
eepsand soaks its wav through tangled; weeds, thc- ; ethos.. 
mV abode of reptiles too hide -us for discription. Aitf j 
the giant trees twined with thick creepers, shut! 



M il «llMi maBMWMMMBaa8M|»£tr t 

to come while they held three millions in bondage. 

Be would have all abolitionists carry out their princ:- 
pies, and whereever thev ssw a colored person exert 
himself to better his condition, to encourage and helo 
him on. for a colored man was more capable of pleading 
his own cause than a white man; and he would refer 
them to S. R. Ward a native of Maryland, a powerful 
and eloquent pleader for his brethren who are in bonds. 

Judge Foote then concluded by exhorting the friends 
of Liberty to »xert their every influence to promote the 
cause of abolition. 

The R-v. J. H. Garnett of Troy and Mr. L. Tappan 
followed by interresting the audience with a recital of 
a series of entertaining facts proving the rapid advance- 
man' of ;he cause. 

The meeting was then adjourned to 8 o'clock in the 
evening. 

Evening Meeting was opened with prayer by Mr. 
I Garnet. Present a respectable audience. 
Seercrarv of the State Society has sent us j A; van Stewart Esq. was then introduced to the mcc- 
the follow:;^ proceedings of the State meeting; the , ting who read the following resolutions reported by tha 



remaiOiug resolutions have not reached us. 

The Quarterly Meeting of the NEW 
JERSEY 'AN 7/ LA VERY fETY 



the bright sun beams, making it a see.no of horror deso- 
lation and death. Can the imagination picture a scne 
of greater desolation And is„it here, tint human be- 
Ugs immured themselves in this living grave, this dark 
abod.- of h»rmr. What! sever the tender tie of Slavery 
& all the kindered associations "fa slave's life, for a hi- H 
ding place in that delation? Exchange the balmy oirf W*S > tleM on Tuesday the loth. ofMiy 
Sheaven for the dank, heavy air and pestilential m-'ng.^ in the ftRMM CHURCH at Newark 
asma of the great dismal swamp alike destructtv to the * 

health, rather than /ive in sla»ery? If » « as not a ,;enuu- \ The President, Mr. T. V. Johnson, called the mee- 
a subject for a jest here -certainly is r'»om.. Poor Cira j ( 0 order ut 1 1 o'clock .A M. 

fees, they wre safe there; for if ahundre^loodhouuds J Tb« rsremrais? was occumVd in the appointment ot 
each a savage as Cetera* himself had been set upon <,,e - ; ^ m scyera . subjects- 

trail, they would have returned appalled, ahb> unable 4* 

and unwilling t« explore its horrid recess s. -Let the, At 2 o'clock P. M., thc meeting was again called to 
candid mind weigh th"so facts impartially, not looking, ^ ^ husing^fionimittee reported a number of 

throu h th misty glass' of preiudice but ith a dgr ■ ^ ^ ^ , L ,„ 0 ne of these reso- 

■ n evnlonn-T the length and breadth, the neigtu ana v , • 

I pth of Slavery with an unprejudiced mind, calm and lutipas called for S 1:^,00 to carry through tUe Suprem 
Liiberate, weighing facts. I bes*»ah of yu m\ leader:-! Gettl* fhe cases now pending there, on hich the cjucs 
Mai aside ns utterly unworthv, ail illiberal prejudices. ' t ; on c f slavery 'or no slawrv in the State is to be deci- 
fcd -nd judg- , each mr himse/f, and ye. u w ill never v-l 3 . ^ t0 lh? o«Jwa of peM&5*b the same. 
ere 1 t}v.\t vim hav buckled on vouv armor, and spoKe.j , • 

f" - n ' u -' " T i f «. tt> 'nn - \ lri»-.. , ivhofo'-i 1 hi"- nimifv was ph-cged v;iih a promptness ihat d.d 
f»no-<--Hi.- ,->nd nmd words tor tic po r Jvtncan, woo v \ 1 . ° 

fh- sir. of having u skin not c-lored like y -ur !:asi honor to the abolitionists present. 

HP nook, 1 The nor. Judi/e Foote of Western ISew York was 



the iron yoke of bondage firnai> fixed upon 



,•1 his spirit hopeiesly. efushed and withered 
■Chung, soul destroying curse of Slavery. 



STATE 



The nor 

the,* Cidled upon to address the meeting. He aros- 
and sa ; d he would rather some others more able than 
hints slf should occupy the time as he was young intlv, 
j pause but as he had been called upon, he was willing 
' -o give? his voice in favor of abolition: and it aflbrded 
• him jn uch pleasure to mret with the friends of the op- 
. j presse^l in the State of New Jersey, for he, believed that 
.'.he : oeo pie of that State would do their duty; he felt 
great ph -asure in seeing so many females present, for he 



The Executive Commit cc of the ffifc 
Wcrsey Anti-slavery Society, at a meetinc ! 

held May 31 1 845 for the purpose of taking j ^ ^ thaf they wpre cr , at auxiliaW e 8 > 
into consideration the condition'. wuL^mcatf^ fy^nxi this great work of human redemption. 

pPCts of about TOO Slaves & SOtllC 3.000 aj>-| h ^ t0 thp f, ma ] PS «hey were to look, for mothers 
prentices, held under the lavvs of this Sta -C-' IRU . }t teaoh their children diff-rent from what the chil- 
in the condition of sja ven; decided that the : ^ r( , n 0 f f oro -i Cr ircncrations have been taught, for he. 
abject and insecure condition of this class j Ufa. c ,?her y< wth, had been taught to treat the colored 
of our population, as well as that of the free races with c< unempt,he, like others had imbibed early 
persons of Color generally. c& the desire to prejudices, as d had never fastened to anv auti-slavery 

se< ur the highest honor of the state of New [ lectures^ b«l h.»d always considered abolitionists as fa- 
Jersey, calls for a Convention of all the jnatiee, but in order of providence he had obtained 
friends of the'slave in the State, and the I some pamphlets which led him to investigate the sub- 
committee therefore invite all friends of| and he <w» happy to say as a man and a christian. 

that he was ci>nvi.cced it was a sin against God, and 



Justice & humanity of every creed: to as 
emble in a convention in the city of Vew 
ark .n Thursday the 26 day of June 1845 
at I P. M , to give these subjects the atten- 
ion their importance demands. A meeting 



opp€«cd to the inalienable rights of man, irrespective 
of caste or color. 

He said that be was not for dividing the Union, nor 
was he for destro ying the Churches, yet he admitted 
that there was very r.nuch corruption in the churches 



business committee. 

1 , That we believe the Constitution of the U.S., tru- 
y interpreted, is an anti-slavery document in its gene- 
ral principles and tendencies. 

2, That we trill s/rrnd by tlie Iniion of this Nation, 
Slavery in or out, Texas in or out, for the purpose of 
delivering our poor crushed Brethren the slaves, and 
we will do all in our power to purify and exalt the Un- 
ion of the States, by blotting Slavery therefrom, through 
th° Ballot box and all other lawful means. 

3, That we will never surrender a foot of the 27 
States and Territories to the lawless dominion of Slave 
holders, or yield to th« threats of nullificatio- , secession 
or dissolution of the Union; but we will do all in our 
pow ■'■ to bring it to a glorious point of universal freedom 
a;,d equality. 

Mr. S. said there was sufficient i" these resolutions 
to occupy his time and he would that there were more 
present, but when he co sidered how New York had 
been thronged by men who preferred g''ing to Long 
Island to see two horses expend their breath running 
against each ther as a trial of strengtl and skill, than 
of directing th^ir minds to the consideration of such 
subjects as are calculated to ameliorate the condition of 
oppressed humanity, he was ready to enquire when 
will the day come that men will come from Maine and 
L uisiana to attend a meeting for the defenceless; but 
the present audience encouraged him, and it was fbo 
faith which removes mountains that bids us go 'n. 

Here Mr. S. entered fully into the constitution and 
its preamble; proving that the Constitution legitimately 
construed, was sufficieatly liberal to destroy all slavery 
which its Preamble confirmed by securing to every per- 
son Life, Liberty aud the Pursuit of Happiness 

Much had been said by southern expositors relative 
to the guarantees >fthe C- institution, but the so much 
talked of is invisible, th present constitution is not one 
that is seen, but one that is felt. He would ask, what 
is a Constitution? It is a covenant of one with the whole 
and the whole with one — a covenant for the protection 
of the weak against the strong and the wicked — it is a 
fence thrown around the people for the protection of 
their rights, and this Constitution was so viewed by its 
framers, as they have left ample proof of by the Pream- 
ble which is the living expositor of the Constitution 
itself. 



will also be held in the evening. It is also j w hich must be rooted out. It had been said that thc 



urged that the friends of the slave in every 
p;irt of the State immediately circulate a 
call for this Convention for signatures and 
send it on to T. V. Johnson of Newark for 
publication before the 15 Tune, l.etno one 
wait for his neighbor to do this work The 
meeting will be held in the Clinton Street 
Church. 

Papers friendly please copy. 

John Crimes 
Chairman of Committee. 



the cause was on the wiine. but the statistical returns 
would prove the contrar v of that, for every return cer- 
tifies that it is growing fo ur-fold. There was one fact 
that fastened itself on his mind, and that was that the 
colored man was travelling to the same bar of the same 
God, and he well knew that if both colored and white 
were faithful, they would have to sit down at one table 
in the Kingdom of Heaven, for God is no respecter of 
persons. 

He was pleased to see that the churches were bestir- 
ring themselves in this matter, for he was at a loss to 
kjiow how cixijrtiarw coaiJ ^ray for Christ's Kingdom 



Mr. S. summed up his observations by showing the 
inconsist ency of attempting to support slavery by the 
letter of the constitution, and demonstrated by conclu- 
sive argument that the power which adopted the con- 
stitution, had power to destroy and strito? down the hy- 
dra monster slavery. 

The Hon. Judge Foote followed by an eloquent ap- 
peal to the audience on religious principles, to do their 
utmost to remove the evil. 

The Resolutions reported by the business committee 
were unanim usl adopted. 

The Newspaper committee were reappointed and 
thc Society adjourned. 

Let the notice for a State Convention, in another 
column, not be forgotten; circulate the call, and send 
n the names wihout delay. 



LINES 

Written during an And- Slavery Convention. 

BY J. R. LOWELL. 

We wil/ speak out, we will be heard. 

Though all earth's systems crack; 
We wi/1 not bate a single word, 

Nor take a letter back. 

We spf ak the truth, and what care wo 

For hissing and for scorn, 
While som- fain' gloamings we can see 

Of freedom's coming morn? 

Let liars fear, kt cowards shrink, 

Let traitors turn away ; 
Whatever we have dared to think, 

That dare we also say. 

Whatever we deem Oppression's prop, 

Time-honored though it be, 
Wo break, nor fear the heavens wi/1 drop 

ii cause the earth is free. 

The only chain we dare not break 

Is our own plighted word 
To piead for our poor brother's sake, 

And perish or be heard. 

Exchan e Paper. 

The following resolutions were ado: e 

by the Boouton W T. B. Society on M->.. 

f!av evening I2tii of May. 
■ 

Wkev.as, The practice of dealing out mtoxicalm. 
drinks in Stores with oilier merchandize, either for p...- : 
or for th- purpose of facilitating the sale of other go... 
we Believe to Be so manifestly injurious, that it has Ion 
since "been abandoned by the common consent of all 
those who have least etaimes to respectability.— Th r - 

Rcsol.cth That any merchant who in this day of light 
introduces into Uis store intoxicating 'drinks either to 
sell or to give away for the purpose of en. xmg custo- 
mers, shows a time serving and selfish spirit, an utter 
disregard for sound principle, the peace and welfar of 
the community and should be discountenanced in every 
honesi and lavvtul way by all order loving people, 
that the brand of public odium should be fixed upon 
a/1 »uch transgressors be the who they may. 

Resolved, That the' foregoing Preamble and reeo/u 
lies be published in the New Jersey Freeman. 



DIED. 

In Boonton on the 17 »,ay Wi/liam Riley son of 

Thomas Riley ag d 21 y< ars. 



iuu ' ouut) Hakim gtun Temperance 
Sucicij lias engaged the services of James 
31 Biovvn, and ne is now ready to attend 
mee ings any place in the County w here his 
services are desired. If he docs not do a good 
work for Temper i nee, it will be the fault 
of the professed friends of this great Cause 



YOUTH'S CABiA KT.— This is an excellent paper 
for chrikiren and youth, puphshed semi-monthly at ISO 
Nassau S^eet N. Y. by Myron Finch. Terms, one 
Dollar a year for asingie copy. Ten Copies toom adress 

for S 10". 

The SABATH SCHOOL MO A ITOR, also a semi- 
monthly paper for children is pup' ished 118 Aas.sau St. 
by \Iyron Finch. G copies to one address for f. 1,00. 
13 for $ 2. 20 for $ 3. 40 for t 5. 60 for * 7,50. 80 
for $ i'J. 100 for $ 12,50. Subscriptions received at 
this office. 

OHIO. — The Ohio Anti Slavery Society has r< 
solved to hold fifty Comvn.:oiih before the second 
Tuesday in October. Fifteen are already published to 
Jake place before !2th of Juiy, fourteen of Which ar; to 
cvnuaue two days each. 

Ohio we believe has five week y Zibeny paper* and 
one Daily, another Dai/y is about to be ■varied at Cleve- 
land. The liberty men of Ohio are doing a large bu- 
siness this year. 



A Fact t-OR ni;i:\KiN& ..iKN. — On a cer- 
tain Saturday night a few weeks since (as 
w learn from the New Haven Fountain,) 
•' m .nen wi&e gathered ogether in a grog 
shop in the town Weston where they spent 
the evening in drinking. 

U the end of one week from that time 
three of : hose ten ;>en were in the drunk- 
ard's grave, h ivi i [ -lied of delirium tre- 
rnsns! Before tt* conclusion of a second 
week, two other* <<i the number died with 
i%t same diseas, am! at the latest accounts 
three more were suffering under its horrors! 

tsf and ponder ye who seek the intoxi- 
••.ng cup lor gratification, ere it be for- 
mer too late! — fi ue Amurxan. 

The following from the Vew Terse. 
Hate Gnze.te not only shows that 'sew 
Jersey is thr hunting ground for Southern 
slaveh.iMer- b t tint she has on her soil 
beings that are owned as Citizens, enjoy- 
ing offices under the laws of the -State who 
are willing to do the dirty work, of south- 
ern \il od hounds for the human Hyennas 
of the .SWath Read it Jerseyman and say 
no more that you have nothing to do with 
slavery. 

Arrest of a Fugitive Slave. 

A great ferment was excited in Crosswicks, last 
week, by an attempt made by the Sheriff of Burlington, 
Joseph Kirkbride, and Constable Alexander Pearson, to 
arrest a colored man named Lewis, said to be a fugitive 



ANTI-SLAVERY TRACTS.— The following 
tracts are on hand and for sale at this office, by the Lib- 
erty Association. 

Condition of Living. 

The cause of Hard times. 

Influence of Slave power 

One more appeal to Christians & Churches. 

Bible Politics. 

Jewish Servitude. 

Smith & Clarkson. 

Persons he/d to service. 
"Loyal National Repeal Association. 

Duties and Dignities of American Freemr-n. 

Ill Treatment of People of color in the. U. S. 

Testimony of a Southern Witness. C. M. Clay. 

The lawlessness of slavery. 

Poems on S/a very by Longfellow. 

The Missouri Compromise. 

Smiths Constitutional Argument. 

Two cents Postage 

Address to the People of Kentucky by C. M. 

Olay. 



The American and Foreign Anti Sltvfprp Society 
ha e made preparations to do a good work for liberty 
th<^ cnmmincf veir. 

The R*v. A. A. Phelps of Bos + or is en<ra<rf d as 2- 
2ent and Editor of th" Anti Slavery Re DO rtfr. T 
R«r>orter is an excellent paper published monthly -*t 
118 Nassau street N- Y. at $ 0.50 a yea- for » single 
copy. 5 copies to one address for * 'i 00 10 eooie« % 
3.50. and 50 eonias for 13»50. suberiptions will bet 
received at this office. 



? ? ? 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE. 



Myron.Fiuch and Thomas A. W ■•"> bav 
office for 'he sale of Anti Slavery Book-; 
Tracts fee. at 1 IS Nassau Street, New York, Let them 
' ewell patrooi'apd. 



arc 

• »hie!s 



Temperance Houses. 

ALBERT-GURNEE, Pearson. 
Please forward the names, ajid thus favor a tsniiper- 
ance community. 



NEW JERSEY.— The slave case pen 
ding betbr the Sup.cnie Court of this Stale 
on which hangs the Freedom » f some oOOO, 
human beings, has been argued and thede 
cision put off to the next term of the Court 

WAR. — We rejoice to see the Liberty Papers 
genarajy taking strong ground against this most execra- 
blt system, we are all guilty in sleeping over, this 
rna ier so long as we have, and wish we could give the 

Cause more space in the Freeman. 



s/avf 

They found him at the house of William Idell were CONGREGATIONALISM AND CrjT/R'cH AC- 
he was at work, , laimed him as tlveir prisoner, & called TION Is a small book published by J0I5N KFFP 
upon Garret Benettand Charles Applegate, who were Pastor of a CongVegational Church in Ohio It should 
a. .work near by, to bring . rope and he/p secure him. ^ read by every bodv. A few eopi S for sal at the 

W hue these men were hesitating whether to obey the, Freeman yfe ., Bo0 n ton . N. J. 
Sheriff or to follow their own feelings I 

Lewis who was firmly grasped by each arm, with an al j ; i ~~ 

most superhuman effort, dashed the officerB from him to ' r^NTl SLAVERY BOGK.S For >»alc at ike Cfflce of 
some distance, and jumpad a! a bound over a high gate, 1 tne F reem » n ) Boonton, N. J 



aud then over a high pale fence with out touching 
either. He then ran across a fiV/d and partly through the 
creek, but recollecting that if his clothes were wet th«y 
vrouid impede his flight he returned and crossed the 
creek by a neighboring b'idg -. He ran te the house of 
a friend aear by, in o-rent alarm, crying oat, Ihey havr 
had, we ! they ore after me ! 

Fiuding his pursue! s were ne »r, he fled to another 
house, and there concealed himself. The same wig t he 
«s-s landed in New York, and it presumed to feu now 
safe from a/1 pursuit. 

We are informed that the celored n>an was much es- 
teemed in Crosswicks and that the atempt to arrest him 
has produced a great excitement against the officers. It 
is to presumed, however, that those officers considered 
that they were performing there duty under the law ; 
though it is the opinion of many, that in consequence 
of a recent decision of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, no state /aw, in regard to the arrest ing«of fugi- 
tive slaves has any force, and that no 6tate officer is 
I bound to arrest such persons. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

\ fo" copies <«f ftkdsU Ltbeitv M nsir I n" for 
«ia'e at hhi office. 

T is is snp rior tn any^ thinp- f 'he ' ind jve hivr 
* en and -ib' tild b« in t e !>oss"ssion of every o> e hnt 
1 'tes 'jood usi", and loves to make a good u«e of it. 
Price, 44 cents. 

Btontnn Washington T:mpt<anCt'B<iicv- 
olent Society, — meets every Monday eve 
nuig in the Free Church John axlit ld, 
President, Fredrick Stone, Secretai-y. 

Btontnn Liber tu Association, — meets the 
first Friday evening of every month. 
M. Evarts, Pi evident, C. B. iNunis, Sec'. 



•sfwtar. -nil ft»< iwir . . ..-x» --*> i i -a 



THE NEW JERSEY FREEMAN 



VOL. 2. 



HOOXTON, JULY c, 1845. 



NO. 2« 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Puoprietob. 
Boonlm, Mor ris County, N ew Jersey. 
TERMS. 

SitMc copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 numbers. 

1 .pies to one address for two dollars. 

Ml communications must be post paid, our paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, aadwc cannot aflbrd 
topay postage. 



Letter frott* James G. J*iruey. 



only untried means of saving our yet gallant ship from 
the diigraceful and reckless pilotage of bucaneers, who, 
iu an evil hour, had possessed themselves of the helm, 
and of swaying her course towards the pure and deep 
waters of universal Liberty and universal right, pointed 
out to u*by our fathers in the declaration of 177b'. 

The anti-Blavery societies, embodying the anti-slavery 
spirit of the country, had made trial of the existing po- 
litical parties— appealing to both of them in the most 
earner,! and friendly terms, to- relieve the country, so far 
,as thev coukl constitutionally do so, from the guilt and 
j shame 4ud cost of slavery— and to clear away from the 
administration of its afftirs the blast and mildew of 
Uavehokliug control. We "interogated" their candidates 
j at the outset — observing tow ard those of both parties, 
1 the most scrupulous fairness and partiality We re- 



Prom the Argus. 

JAMES G. BIRNEY, AND THE EVENING j ce j vcr ] ; u re turn, at first, promises, that were never 
JOURNAL. . , kepi; next, argument, disingenuous, hair-splitting, so- 

jWc do not feel at liberty to deny Mr. BIRNE\ fhe l^j^^ without point or aim—the furniture of petti- 
use'fjj our columns; though tlrc controversy fa otie jfoggers, uot of statesmen; and at last, nothing at all. 
in which of cuursc we do not participate.] We petitioned Congress—our names were vilified, 

\ld»ny, May§20, 1543. | our petitions scouted at, and, as if to mock us, the very 



To the Editor: 



right of petition was struck down and trampled under 



■\boutthe Is* instant, an editorial article, concerning [foot by both parties, as they respectively possessed the 

myself false in its statem't nts 6 and Offensive in its king- j power of maintaining it Northern Senators and Rep- w „ 6 r-i— 

" y a ' i' J eaired m the Evening Journal. Yesterday are jresentatives, with here 1 ana there in honorable exception j the Whigs, such of the Liberty party men as had form- 

. .t <x*aii — -j? ii.~i I ..~-., r .,c\ i,.>f,„r, ci(iT7,.VinlrtiTi<i- hr.icr crnflnrifis. as soaniels erly been Democrats, would at once fly off from as, and 



lition would be increBed by its success. We remonstra- 
ted against it before the public 

We petitioned Congeress and the State Legislatures 

against it. 

We insisted on its unconstitutionality— we depreca- 
ted the 6hame with which we should be visited by the 
just every where, for meanly conniving at the wrong 
done to Mexico, that we ourselves might ultimately 
take advantage of it- — shame that would be agravated, 
too, tenfold by the only motive that spurred us on to 
tho deed — the perpetuation of the curse of slavery. We 
did all we could do against annexation, and, if I mistake 
not, originated nearly all that was done by asy party, to 
prepare the country to resist it. 

But we never once dreamed, important as we felt the 
question of annexation to be, of making it the question 
of our party — of making its defeat the sole object of our 
movement, and when we had succeeded or failed in this 
disolve — having no more to look after. 

There was no one among us numskull enough to pro- 
pose such a thing. 

'But why not, in order to carry or defeat a particular 
measure that we aprove or condem, unite ourselves for 
the occaeion to one of the other parties ?' To do go, 
would destroy us. A single instance of coalition 
would be enough - If we should propose uniting With 



.some half 0 dozen lines? 
pullisn it in ihc Arglis? 



Will you do -U 

Resp'i 



wlHlinciwiim{;jwni.i. ; - 

pi v to it was prepared and sent to the Editor of thai cowered before slaveholding brag gadocios, as spaniels 
prlnf for publication. The publication of it was. prom- before the larger species of their r fife 
ise hit 1 vas not been kept — except in the publication of j The distribution of surplus revenue — of the not pro- 

the favor to jceods of the public lands, according to the three-fifths 
'rule of slave representation, by which the slaveholders, 
j only because the-!/ were slaveholde.ro, got the lions's share 
j — the law for the armed occupation of Florida — our 
I Indian relations and treaties — money appropriations — 
j appointments to office — the anr.y — in fine, the whole 
' drift of legislation, fickle and unsteady though it was, 
j convinced us that so completely subjugated had become 

the <»roat bodv of the northern members, both Democra 
As I pased through this city a shore time smce on * : to expect of them an 

my way to Newark, on business relating solely to k ^ vindication of the equal rights of the North, 
mvown private, interests, vou were pleased to an • ' lv "* u 1 a 

• <ki! \*i «f «W ,enlr/ -md vn- and the rescue or the government. from the grasp of those 
nounce my presence m this part ot tnetounuy, ami you, \ : o o 



'l or the Albany Ei 



Tu the Editor: 



tfifijy, 

Jamls G. Bnorri. 

;:ir>g' Journal - ' 

_n%'i United. i M 

Alsany, May 19, 1845. 

flfOy <Vn.7A.IV. J 



reasons for it, in these terms: 

" James C. Birney passed through our city yesterday. 
When last among us, he was labouring as an Abolition 
rarididate for President, to promote the election of Air. 
Polk; So that Texas might be annexed to the Unicoi. 

He is now it is said, preceding to a convention, v. hid, 
contemplates the dissolution of the Union. This cer j 
tairily preserves the consistency' white it carries lor. 



vho are trained daily to despise the principles on which 
it is found od, would have been evidence of our weak- 
ness, and of our incapacity to conc'uet a great national 
movement to a happy consummation. It was this one 
conviction — slowly and reluctantly admitted — that both 
Eh 



return to the Democratic party. 
So would it be if the case were reversed. Nor couid 
they ever again be marshalled as a Liberty party. You, 
Mr. Editor, are competent to judge in such matters, 
having once as a member of a small party in this State, 
submited to the process of absorption by a lazger party 
for a particular object; since which, so far as I have 
learnt, you have not been restored with enough of your 
original Anti-Masonic shape and jesture, to be recogn- 
ized by such of your former friends as would not submit 
themselves to the process by which yon have been eo 
transformed. 

I will admit for a moment, and with a view to placing 
your objection to the course we did pursue in its strong- 
est light, that it was practicable for ' our "leaders" to 
transfer us in a body to the Whig side; I will suppose 
that with our aid, you had succeeded in electing Mr. 
Clay, and that we had thui secured the coutry so far a« 
any party could secure it from Anaexation. 

Where would the Liberty party have been ? Anni- 



existing parties were wholly unworthy of being j h ;i ate( j_ a bsorbed. And what would the country havo 

! rusted in any matter connected with human freedom or j . , m . ma^animous self-immolation? Secu- 

taiiilV preserves the consistency' while it carries i«r, , . ,* , , i, c + i„t;k gained Dy us very rna 0 aimiiuuB bc.. u . 

ward the principles of that patriotic and philanthropic |nortncrn rights, that drove m* the formation of the L*-!^ against Annexation for four years, the longest peri 

. . i '■ , n ! mrh. -ics the, cnli. roinci i ii i n-T hone of TOfMl for the ] ...I.' U tin /^ni/li-orminl rf>/-)lTf>TlCP Clf OUrtirt* 



presidential aspirant." 

Such an article appearing in the Evening Journal caii 
not be passed by without deliberate, notice. I owe ii 
to myself and to your readers, to make that, notice an 
spectful one. The baldest falsehoods, springing from 
respec*uble authority and resolutely persisted in, will at 
last begin to be believed — almost by the fabricators 
themselves. The charge pf 'ibargain and corruption,' 1 
made against Mr. Clay and Mr. Adams, is a well known 
instance, verifying the truth of the remark. Sa are 
likely to become the charges made against me in the 
foregoing article from the Journal, unless they be promp- 
tly contradicted and their falsehood exposed. As the 
charge that I was "laboring" last year to promote the 
election of Mr. Polk, so that Texas might be annexed 
to the Union," applies with equal force to all the mem 
bera of the Liberty party whose faithfulnes remained 
rooted during the tornado of the late presidential canvass, 
my reply shall be for them as well as for myself. 

The Liberty party is the offspring of the anti-slavery 
societies that havbeen formed throughout the free States 
up to 1839. It was brought forward, not because it 
was to be a party — not because it was desirable, for its 
own sake— but as a matter of sheer nece:sity~— as the 



erty party, as the sole remaining hope of good for the Q( j t0 which, from the quadrennial recurence of ourpre- 
country , or of freedom for the slave. sidential elections, any such security can be extended. 

Its bond of union— its great central object— was the And what would the Liberty party have gained to- 
same as had bound together the anti-slavery societies— j ward their great object, the Abolitim of Slavery in tfea 
the entire abolition of slaveri/ in the United Stales — ih'-j United States?. 

Nothing absolutely nothing. The blood-king would 
still have been seated on the throne of his power, as ho 
was in 1839, when with the Carthageman oath we 
banded together against him for eternal war; whilst all 
organized opposition — the only opposition that can ever 
be. effective — would have passed utterly away 

And who would have been at the head of the govern, 
ment, dispensing at its pleasure, its honors here, its e- 
moluments there ? One who had begun the world poor 
and without a slave, but whose successful industry en- 
abled him now to count a countryman in chains as the 
blessed reward of each year's virtuous toil ; one whose 
neighbors were slaveholders— whose relatives and con 
nections were slaveholders— whose fortunes and whose 
fame were embarked with slaveholders— whose person- 
al habits and notions of right and wrong were peculiarly 
those of a slaveholder; who delibrately published before 
the world that the extinction of slavery in this country 
must be looked for at some indefinite period, and onl, 



volving, of course, the overthro v of the political power 
of the slaveholders. Nothing short of this was to be 
" the end and sea-mark of our utmost sail." 

We foresaw that our work * ould be long one and a 
hard one, by reason of the torpifying influence which 
both tho Whig and Democratic, parties had exerted 
over the puplic sensibilities, ft was a matter of small 
concernment to us, by which of these mercenary band- 
the "spoils" were carred away at each succeeding con- 
test. 

Not expecting early success, the elections for a long 
time to come w ere to be regarded by us mainly as oc- 
casions for ascertaining the progress of our principles 
in the community, the increase of our numbers, and as 
tests of the fidelity of our friends. 

Our organization as a party was tD 1839 — two y?ars 
after the full development of the iniquitous scheme of 
Texas annexation. We were quite aware of this 
scheme. Wc knew how greatly the obstacles to abo- 



t 



• the aperajion of natural causes of the inost disgusting 
and demoralising influence; one who dogmatizes thus: 
;aio may make a man property— time will saorfifj the 

• teed; one who, disregarding ihe spirit of the Constitu- 
tion -4he "plainly-expressed object of the Constitution-- 
*.he well-known expectation of the country, at the time 
•he Constitution was adopted, that another slave State 
-as never to be added to th* original number, toiled 

<fey and night year after year, as if gifted with the ever 
dnriag activities of a disembodied spirit; that he bring 
into the Union Missouri, in her garments unwashed from 
ihe blood of our fellow mca— from the bh.od of father 8 
and of mothers and their little ones 



Slavfrt as it is. We have rarely met with a 
more revolting instance of inhumanity and hypocrisy 
than the one recent/y related at a public meeting at Cin 
cinati, by the Rev. Mr. Boucher, a Methodist minister 
who formerly resided at the South. While he was on 
the Alabama circuit, he spent a Sabath with an old cir- 
cuit preacher, who was also a doctor, living near the 
Horse Shoe, celebrated as Gen. Jackson's battleground. 

Early Monday morning, he was reading Pope's 
Messiah to Mr. Boucher, when his wife called him out. 

Mr. Boucher glanced his eye out the window, and saw 
a slave man standing by and the husband & wife consul- 
ting over him. Presently the doctor took" a raw hide 



The. mar, who raised the flood-gates of slavery, so . from under his coat began to cut the half naked back of 
that they have never again been shut down; who refer- 



.F-rem the»Srgnal of Liberty 
NEW I MPk ESMOND 

Lewis Clark, formerly a white slave of 

Kentucky, who has been lectureing in the 
East, has published a narativeof his life for 
twenty-five years among the Algerines of 
Kentucky. Here is a passage describing 
his impressions on coming into Ohio. 

Since coming to the free States, I have been Btruck 
with great sttrprls#at the quiet and peaceable manner in 
which families live. I had no conception that woman 
could live without quarreling, till I came into the free 
States. After I-- had been in Ohio a short time, and had 
not seen nor heard any scolding or quarrelings in the fan: - 



he slave. Several inches of the skin turned up perfect- 
ith ^ratifying self-complacency to the success with j y a t every stroke, until the whole back was red with 
-vhich he. resorted to alternate blandishments and men j At first, the lacerated man cried out in his ago- | ilies where I was, I did not know how to ac 

:vcas. to seduce or expel the keepers from their places; f n y ; at which the doctor and divine cried out a*M»very i I told Milt«>n, one day, what a faculty _the.se women 
ho ev.-n tw •-, vncn.ls tbjfi as the most meritorious cf- j <.* r oke, 'Won't ye hush • won't ye hush !' till finally he J have of keeping all their bad feelings to thei»selv<je. I 
, ft ...f a kmg political life; and who, notwithstanding a!: j , jM ] still, aR( ) bore his tortures with only a groan. As j have not seen them quarrel with their husbands nor 

c»pn as he had completed his task, the doctor came in ! with the girls, or children, r^inco I hare been here; 
• mting and almost ont of hrea'h. addresing Mr. Bench- j "O." sa.id Milton," these women are not hkc 0 »ir 
r said, 'Won't you go to p-ayer with ns, sir.?* The { women in Kentucky; they don't fight at all." I told 
■nazed circuit rider fell upon his knees and prayed, ut j him I doubted that; 1 guess they do it somewhere— in 
; ; ng he hardly knew what. When he left the house j the kitchen, or down cellar "It can't be," strfd I < that 
« Poor creature of a slave had crept up and knelt | a woman can live, and not scold or quarre/." Milton 
■ ring prayer, with his body gory with blood down to j laughed and told me to watrh them, and sec if I could 
f ver T heels.— Congregational Journal. , catch them at it. I have kept my eye* end ears onui 

j from that day to this, and I have not fcmnd the place 

Front the. Stirling Journal and Advertiser. j where the woman get mad and rave like they do in Ken 

THiJ FREE CHURCH AND SLAVERY. j tuck >' >' et> If the >' ' lo k hore th( V orc uncommon sly : 

i but I have about concluded that thov are altogether djf- 
At a large meeting of the citizens of Bannockburn, j f ere nt here from what thoy are in the .Slave States I 
he evening of April 23d 1845, the following pre- j rec kon slavery must work upon their minds r-id dm-O- 



that he Bias said, and all that he has done, to bring int 
tishqfrj 'die fundamental principles of the governmen 
Uas y t .t the amazing jvDDr.E*i — as if it wore F ASCII*.' 
•nox.-io i'.-ad in his train half the people of the fr 
States, touting with hoarse throats, in dust-cloud 
'Behold the great Evamjile of Human Freedom inth. 

do- 



,~n r S sir, did the Liberty party show no wi 
i:i resisting the enchanter? 

Bat admitting for a moment., that the as3urence off"- 
--,1 to us by the. Whigs, of staying Texas annexation I" 
nt least agfe prcsid-nual term, would have fully justifi 
us iH committini; suicide, or if you please, in undergoi 

-.,:» ci ivjdily Migration into the Whig party, wo., 
v.-e have done' wisely to have trusted thctn? Let us s 
Wlu< placed Mr • 'i'yler in the presidential chair! T 
\Vhi<*s. 'But he played false, and decieved u 

Did be. Didn't you hold him up before your coi n, 
try a* in every respect a liting man for the first office 

-.it. How dare you do this without knowing him 
Tou) had seen lam in public stations: in the Virginia Le 
i isldltee; ax a member of the House of Representative.- 
; it Washing on; as a Senator in Congress; and yet h< 
^'•e -ived your whoie party! And now; forsooth afte> 



I :Ac. and resolutions were unanimously adopted, j sitions and make them uglv. It has he. n a f itter of 
aching Christian intercourse with American r.lavehol- j grea t wonder at me also, to see all the c hildrr-n rich and 
lets, and the duty of the Free Church in reference to poor> going t0 sc}l6ol Eveiy fc , r iniIrs r sec whoo] . 
^ money obtained of them : ' . ' j house here, I did hot know what it meant hen I saw 

Whereas, Theft, robbery and concubinage are cssen- ^ h v , hcn j fet camc (o 0hio 



ial elements of existence in American slaver} - ; and 

Whereas, To hold ^Christian fellowship with Amer- 
ican slaveholders, is to throw the sanctions of Christ- 
ianity over the foulest system of oppression and. injus- 



the amplest opportunity that ever could be afforded aj icc — to encourage them in the commission of the gro- 



r>arty of ki/nvir.g what there was of him or in him, your 
own want of sagacity and insight, for palming on us for 
four years, the weakest — not to say the wickedest — 



In Kcntuc) ■■ 

y, if you should feed your horse only when ron com,-> 
to a school-house, "he would starve to death. I never hail 

heard a church bcii only at Lexington, in my life. 

When I saw steeples and meeting houses po thick. It 
seemed like I had got into another r. arid 1 



A SLAVE'S COMMRXTAllY. 



sest crimes — and thus to join hands with thieves, -and 
become partakers with adulterers; therefore 

Resolved, That it is the duty of the Free Church of 
u ta that has ever iiUed the presidential chair, and tha' j Scotland to send back the money which they have ob- j , A Sla V c ".IS scnt to meeting, \vi??l a par- 
n all likelihood, ever will fill "it. And this Whig Pre*i- j , a i ne d of American slaveholders by recognizing them as { ticillar charge from Ills master t« I mncii; 
leal it '.van who made the first movement toward the i Christians, and not to build their churches and pay ! her what the minister Said SO »S to give ail 

■ y.hihi'j iniquity of Texas annexation, and who has • their ministers with money obtainod by making merch- ; n CO unt of it when he returned The tin'-- 

. lit it i.-to its present form. And who proposed ' andise of men— and thus, to wash their hands clean «.fi, i i . T '. 

, • , , tU , ■ Li. 1 1 i c 4\ i i t had a son named Jona harr to whose 

-• - Vexas iv.-olutions, under which the government is ! the blood of the slave. • . , , , ' ****** 

now acting? A Whig Senator. Who offered them in j i° rdcrs the slave »™ subject. Pomp 

lions.- t;-.r- sam- day that the drafter of them offered i A Slave Shot Dead. | accordingly : went to meeting, and was 

the* in the Senate? A Whig member. What Senate j ... , . , . ■ . I questioned bv hifl n:a«tcr, Oil hia return 

•uss-id them? A Whig Senate: the same on whom the J f he American has learned upon the authority of a MQ ^ , , * 

J ,ib.,tv party nun wer« told they might fully rely to | l-tter from Charles County Maryland received by a gen- j na '^ a > ™« h ^ mmtSter tell 

•iu-ul" even Mr. Clay, should be inclined, in the e - 1 tlem »n of this city, that a young, wan named Mathews .'Wo great lies. 

vnt of his election, to look annexation-wijo. | a nephew of General Mathews and whose father it is • "What! what!"c.\clamed the master, yoil 




it:.'.io::s aud downright forcitvY, we labored to pro- 
mote the emotion of Mr. Po/k, loith a view to bring a- 
boul more surely rhe annexation of Texas, my reply is, 
not only that it is false, but that no particle of evidence 
ean he produced, out of all that we have said or written 
or done touching annexation, to prove it true. 

C^nally d$it& is Uie insinuation that I visited the. East 
. ■ :.. ■ present at a convention which contemplated a 
lisso^urioti of the Unio:i. (live rne a single name, Mr. 
/' Idi'or, to fb.ow that there is any truth in your "if is 
vii," and I v/i!I cheerfully acquit you of having borne 
! i!j'.i Witfiesc against your neighbor: but not till then. 

Respcctfu/ly yours, &.c, 

J.«ir:2 c. Emxny. 

> r.-nV. Allen, a colored mam has been admitted 
rw a regularly licenced Lawyer in the courts id Boston. 



house, obtained, a gun and returning shot the servant j Jonathan teHj. 



He immediately, the letter continues, fled to his far- ; 
thcr's residence, where he rernaind unmolested. 

We hope he may speedily be brought to justice. It 



'Well what chc did he Bny^' 
| "Why, he say, 'He will love one and hate 
i the other ' Dat am a lie too; for / Imt.e you 



is time to put a stop to such highhanded and Moody out 
rages on the part of slaveholders and their departments. ! >>othalikor —Indiana i'rccwor 



Baltimore Visitor. 



JAMES M BROWN, The Temperance Agent will 
be at Boonton on Monday 7th July — Beavertown Tues 
the 8th. Pompton plains Wed. 9th, Montvillc Tim. 
10th, Rockaway- Valley Fri, 11th, Denvtile Sat' 12th 
and Sunday 13th,will hold meeings under the trees near 
Spltrock. 

Many country Postmasters are, resigning their ojfice s 
in consequence of the operation of the new Post Ofiicey 
law. Washington Vtfion. 



I Proposals arc made by Wrn D Parish of No 4 
North 5th Street Philadelphia to publish the Life of 
Benjamin Lundy. This is as it tshoulb be, the services, 
rendred to the cause of universal liberty by Mr Lundy 
should never be forgotten. Let subscriptions he snni in 
speedily in order to insure its publication without delay. 
We believe the price is 70 cents -— 



. {Jr^p Let it be remembered that the Frccmau will go 
postage frco tlirough the moil to all pubscribers jvifhin- 
30 mi/c? 



m 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOONTON, JULY. 1st. IS4£ 



I . The. object of the meeting was to take iutoeonsidera- 
: *' o:i l "C prospects of the enslaved in our own State, and 
to ( r.,v;(le plans nhd means to circulate through the 

S»at« the Argument of A/v*an Stewart Esq. beftue the 

1 tarts dead to the claims of man, cannot be alive to ; ^'^'r ®«g State, j _ , 

.1 i .•>/-, iii- „ , i < n ii. ;.: t.: ie Document, and should be extensiv- 

he commands of God : and rohgon cannot flourish on ! clydpeplated^^ the state'; and even In o£r Se- 
the ground where humamt\ withers. Keep. jaaho. 

ciijeij brought before the Court in which this 
A ■ ~ TT . ~ _, . J^!J«-".«ut war made, was brought forward by C.B.Pal- 

A bundle containing ten of the Preeman has mef of Jersey City. The faithfulness, zea/ with which 
been returned to us without the least information whence J Mr. Partner bus pursued this matter, without any com- 
they came. N ow inasmuch as we send out a goodly ' P'jnso.fciou except v.hc conciousness of doitw ^ood in a 
number of such packages," we cannot tell which one to cause, eniit/es him to the esteem ofa/ltiue lovers 
discontinue unless the person who returned it, will do| 01 
it according to h>w, or at least let us know iu some way j - 
nhe lie is, and where he lives. * J n< 



! Jppathsu Parkhcrst of Springfield was called to the | The Lideiua Hit at n r n i .. 

; chair. ■ | . ^'beiua iilf.ald.— Govenor Robcrle, like e!! 

! L.berian Governors, represents the colony in a pro^er- 
ous condition; but the collonial paper that has been so- 



long appealed to as proof of the elevating effect ofu- 
voyage across the Atlantic, and a residence amidst the 
rams and miasmas of Western Africa, is about to be dis- 
continued- -preparatory to which the editors let out 
some precious secrets in respect to its past support and 
the reasons of its present untimely end. They say- 

ducSl?e C nT" f01 ' fiV ° l0np ' years, been con- 
ductmg he paper on our own responsibilities and at 
own cos In no one year has it paid the outlavlfn 
most of them we have sunk one half the cost oflsuS 
ing it. 

"The largest number of subscribers we have ever hn<* 
• - , u /art generously volunteerd his services in j on «w books, did they pav, will not by any meanf^ 
- ' uh " ' ^nipensation, does not ask any. All P ? rt ™ c P a P er - ^igkh, & the highest number ofeoSS 
- - paid, the monev he has « , *" hm * fl »» we h ™ cucr and Tnnr.r fiftf^p 

vrmrcd wtiMedj tod pav for the printing of his ar^u- ! To Tm K " AVE K f* BR f** D a CENT - 
fhc Executive committee of the Morris County ! «*&t on the great , r ..estion at issue involved in these ' the wSnP^ c J ? r ««PPort— especially to 

'" " 1 fi ' "" ' " 1 * ^ Mwnt f« ^onMitwn Society who allured as to 



ItlCC, 



Washington Temperance Benevolent Society arc re- 1 cascs - 'tiscr'th 
quested to meet at the houoe of Daniel De. Hart near 
1 'arsippanv eu Friday the IS July inst. atGoclock P. M- 
• n business of importance. ' A "full attendances is re- 
quested. _■' 



, — i '""""wiii v oionisation Society who nllniw? 
neatest importance that the docu- | the enterprise, bv lofty assurances" Jf «ta22 

<-.l brOa/WJld mw lU olnli. n.J *k„ a/as! nnra- Vnrlnli- .. . ! "S*v 



meat llu\il 1 be sowed, broad-cast over the state, and the 
| rnoafis raised to defray the expenses of printing them 
| and pav the other bids which have been unavoidable. 
| Our friend.* can Lave them at a very low rate, and 
I can soil enough to t vt the money back- All that is ne- 
eessar is a little, labia*; Shall this labor be withheld? 



a/as! poo'r Yo'rick '''JnZ^WiT m « airona ? c - But 
i, Z , u ,/s on» who was then (IP. 

39) I. power ordered the Society to bo put down for 
loO copies, and said he had ordered all he a^ent, rf 
the Society to act as agents for the Herald, and He lent 
also at the same time the address of 7-1 add i ion 1 st • 

"'TIS subscS" ?V eqe - tea paP ° r ,0 ^ 
lii&SO* Wokk Tin, porsecuku n.r,, v Ijas : Will the friends u the slave stand baclc and 'w^h'co/d j to Oie «0^y^ the^etytSd a'eo»-!rf SCTp ^ D 
heen tnfcrisoncd in Missouri nearly four years with Baa I ^^'^reace , arniii Messrs. Stewart and Pa/mer do all I The payment for the 74 sub-crib * US . ' 

and Thompson under a sentence pf IS year, to the Pen- 1 thc ^ ^ then pay all expenses. The few friends j publisher; the 150 cofaibs were nS t B . 

tcntiary. lor attempting to aid a few slaver, pantii.g for | that « era at the convenrion cxclusive/v from the North | cty for two years, 1639 and 1840 WC> 
ttertyj to escape from the land of Hum.;:; rtferiniV, ^ st corner of the state, took 1700 copies of this docu- 1 "Since then the account has remained ir „„/ 
has been pardoned by the Governor. \ h>eat and «f-h« X pa'd for th«m, or pledged to do so, and j Wo h *™ repeatedly one instance to bre-k his Shi^S 

We had the pleasure of a visit from Mr. Work las I are der- thc feast f.hftv can with them for themsel»es I , . T ]? en hc '^sured us that we were exertine a 

babbath, (July 6,) and heard him give an account of his j Will cur iii the middle, southern and Western j iZrfl^T^ ^ ^~^ S wonderfully faTthc 

tnals to a- full congregation in the 1-Vee Church. It wajpart. of the ^ cut. r into this matter with the snirit 3^^,^'^ ° Ur th *™ occa- 

M ? ^ *« ^ &«^i|c;ii demand. The "Documents Tjt^^^t^^r^^^ 



iniong tiiose who have hearts. 

Burr and Thompson are yet in pru,;u in , Mi^uri 
N if tht autliorities thora wj^tocitildp^jSoCtiteist 
let thcra.fc sen then; thero. 



Be had 



bftho: 



^ demand-s. The Documents may j °"r account'. We hope «-«" s haii ™'ZZln"rw™Z 

V . Johnson Newark and of Finch ! f° P raist> '^ ut so much compliment to a hunrfr V man i* 

I like a cambric nrffla o l-. oj 



& Weed ll'g Jtu^iiti Street New York 
Messrs Alvcn Sie\Vfrt and Arnold Uhlh; 



: ... - , , ■ Jr* , *" t '** t •*» i 

I uke a cambric ruflie on a crocus shirt 

iL."^^^^ with sUttft and mortification, 

?ant of its po- 
no mound re- 



, — ., , , . - >"'U niorilUC 

the eouVmhoa and made interesting speeches in the af- we>ociety is so systematically recreant of it, p 
'• rf!.d»in olid «- Vfc2 i:,r. . nia !' v obliga/ions and liabilities to us, that no ground f, 

W r <; have sustair 



mains of hope that if will dniiwfloo 
. j „i i . ' , " . 11 ao .)u.suce. vi v nave sustain- 

:Wave...Seiznre and Fscape. ^^^S."^^^^ 

, .. , W^f^^^^t^^y^ia^irti* m mint 

^e^cua^) was produced in thc neighbood of I which we could not venture to mention wererA^K 
"ur oi.r.i, by Mc-day afternoon -last, bv an attempt to j a ' ™ to sustain the charge. We, a<=k, therefore ' V 
| 3 120 a:id «"y«« :"«i mulatto lad, of about eighteen years j R ? V,a - V of ^t'ng the Society to do same li'ttln 

• f*>** * * runaway slave. The boy had been em- °* 1"*™ " 

■ ployed in the barber shop of William Burley, in the Di- , pa P er was nevor ^PPorted by its Liberan 

I unond, near cur .Tee, lor a short time previous to the Stt^i?^ Uv f °» {he P«^o re.orec, 
| ntempt to arret The man-sfealer who claimed him | counuy Tn^emS of? e ^ SSffi^ 
rvMueMU Lo«,.vnIe, and having come to this city on a \ once made so much noise in this ^t^w^^S 
! -tiduappmg expedition, met thc boy in the street, seized at fas * not to h ave been grown in Liberia, but to have 
mm, ru{han-/:kv : y the throat, and attempted to stifie beer, l j n P° Ttcd from some other place, and theft 
j his ones, sy thai he could carry him off by force into I S *° edwai *3 as * genuine Liberitm produc- 
I davery. The boy h< wever. sileci>odorl ; n u:L ! 1 " 

THE REFORMER, This is the title of a Sfe, 



l Ol HTIlefJljJL V in liOOJYT^r. 

We had an excellent cebbratio.i on t'aenh fi 
Pooiiton upon right principles. It „ a , i a thu troo s»-ns- 
r t0rms a 11 ^c/r/bfic and a Tempcranc 

hlebrathn. It was held in Liberty grove, and wo saw 
Pt one man intoxicated during the day, 

Our esteemed Friends AlVan Stewart Esi;. Sauiue 
I Dorrance and Rev. Mr. Morris addressed "the fnee't- 
Pigs, which were held in the fbrenoona:;d aftcrtKion atM 
a Liberty concert in thc evening in the Free Church 
The singing by Mr Patten of New York assisted by Mr 
PfKtin of this place, wascxcelle.it; Tho attendance wa> 

good and thc speeches had great elil ct. A great work ! <lavcr >"- ' l he ho Y however, succeeded in using 'his 
yas done for Liberty on this day. Soma have already ' un ^ s to salB - c * ,!t Purpose to attact a crowd aroundhim. 

eclared that they hare voted for proslavery men, fo, aad M them John Sibbet, Esq., exchange broker, | W**!y l^^'li^^l^^^^L^t 
ijP lastnme; many others, are thinking as they never ' wh ° of the man who held tho bov what hc j been issued by Henry Peterson, at 187 Merket Strce- 

was about. The reply was that the boy was arunawav | . PMadel P« a » devoted to liberty and other reforms It 
j slave. Mr. Sibbot, who is a man of powerful physical I Z TJ'^T ^ ^ shou1 ' 1 be WeU. patronised, ft 
< strength, bmuediutclyloosed the boy from his captor's ! Smlar! a ycZ ™ U Reprice is Two 

: %aap, cud informed the claiment of human flesh and j 
his Convention was hold in Cincinnari according to : t,1<wJ thut h « i;:Ust co ™ before Mayor to make good I 7 '™/ 3C ™ 3l£ * «» <te IFes/ 7/^/ cs .-There now a -r. 1 . 
Wwntm^nt and lias fully come up to tho highest anii- ! his daii,! ; ;1I1U Mr - Sibbet himself took hold of the bov' ' 
Rations ot warmest friends. THREE THOUS \ND an " k ' Qil bvck to ,he ^atnond, and up stairs in the 
*nds of Liberty were in attendance JAMES G. DIR. 1 old ^urt-hou.e, to the Mayor's office. A large and 
' the ohair - We perceive by the proceedings ' N*' '' xciteJ cr «W d followed the parties up toward 



„' aic Lltl.'llxlllg }. 

bought before on the subject of slavery 

THE GREAT SOUTHERN & WESTERN 
CONVENTION 



!»t u i,.,, i-^uivu vy me proceedings ° v . ~* *wiiu»ircu uie parues up toward 

P the BALLOT BOX is believed to be one of t hJ the olucp ' aad Bboafc *e moment that they had fairly 
*t instruments to be used in breaking down the slave ^'"^ <h ° **** ° f th ° stairs ' beforc the M W h ^ «- 
' * Cr and frccin g «be slave in this great Republic ! VC " * g '" npS of boy ° r claiment » by some invisible, mis- 
. . enous agency, the boy was pushed through the crowd, 

^numhorofthe Fr^™ ^ u i to heaJ of tbe stairs, down the stairs into thc street, 

' -tothT^h h,tad ^^ M ^^J^ h ^»*A* an alley, leading into Fifth 
: *-l.t of the month. UWu S^^ff^ - ^ illto a! ^ thcr a - d ^ther alley, and, ^m/o' 

'I happen agaih. V °* " 0t l ° hav * | hc d ^appeared-none but his friends knew where. 

THP THC kidna PP'" r wns eonfounded— looked unuterablc 

f ^ EVr JERSEY STATE CONVENTION. | thir, S s - at slowly recovered from his trance, and 
According to oreriotx. r,nt;^ ,k r • i , , l SCtt0 ' h(; - rti! :'". to damn the Abolitionists and the nig- 

tfewJerTey ^convened X a ^° f T ^ ™ a > his This hurtnl 

' ' I Spiri; p/ Liberty. 



road 
; interior. 



in progress from Kingston, Jamaica, to the" 
Some fifty laborers were broughtfrome Eng. 
laud and have been toiling undor a vertical sun in an in- 
salubrious district in the neighborhood of swamps and m 
morasses, and not a single person has die.], and oniy one 
slightly indisposod, aud the cause of this was attribut- 
ed to the fact that not a single one was a rum-brinker. 

We commend to the special attention of our readers 
the letter of Mr Birney on our firstpage. The Albany- 
Evening Journal is we believe one of the leading Whig 
papers in the country, course persued bv its editors in 
relation to /his mater , is in perfect keeping with tho 
spirit of the Whig press genarally, iu all things 
which appertain to the Liberty Party. They ttr e con- 
tinually throwing out before the people the basest false- 
hoods, and the den\ all defence or . xplanations of any 
kind from the accused, more barefaced meaoness and 
injustice is not often found among slsvholders fhero 



POETRY. 

From the liberty Minstrel. 

THE MAN FOR ME. 

Air, "The Rose that all arc Praising." 

Oh, he is not the man for me, 

who buys or sells a slave, 
Nor he who will not set him free, 

But sends Him to his grave; 
But he whose noble heart beats warm 

For all men's life and liberty; 
Hho loves a-like each human form 
O h that's the man for me, 
Oh that's the man for me, 
O h that's the man for me. 
He's not at all the man for mc, 

Who sells a man for g;»in, 
Uho bends the pliant servile knee, 

To Slavery's God of shame! 
But he whose God-like form erect 
Proclaims that all alike are free 
To think, and speak, and vote and act, 
O h that's the man for mc. 

He sure is not the man for mc 
If hose spirit will succumb, 

J'flien men endowed with Liberty- 
Lie bleeding, bound and dumb; 

But he whose faithful words of might 
King through the land from shore U 
sea, 

For man's eternal equal right, 
O h that's the man for me. 

No, no, he's not the man for me 

ilhose voice o'er hill and plain, 
Breaks forth for glorious liberty, 

But binds himself the chain! 
The mightiest of the noble band 

Who prays and toils the world to free, 
with head, and heart and voice and hp, 
Oh that's the man for me. 



YOUTH'S CABINET. — This is an excellent paper 
for children and youth, published semi-monthly at 120 
Nassau Street N. Y. by Myron Finch. Terms, one 
Dollar a year for asingle copy. Ten Copies tooneadress 

for $5. , 

The SABATH SCHOOL MONITOR, also a semi 
monthly paper for children ispuplished 118 Nassau St- 
by Myron Finch. 6 copies to one address for $. 1,00. 

i3 for $ 2. 20 for $ 3. 40 for $ 5. 60 for $ 7,50. I 



for $ 10, 100 for $ 12,50. 
this offiice. 



Subscriptions received at 



From the Indiana Freeman. j 
"a she devil." { 
A Mrs. Hailoway, of Preston county, Virginia, mur- j 
! uelfcd her female slave tUo.ro.. Having induced her hus- 
i band to tie her hands, she heated a pan handle red hot, j 
i and put it down the slave's throat, after burning her ■ 
j lips tea crisp. After death she buried the poor thing j 
! -Ut feet in the ground; and lied, she and her husband j 
it tt sunposed, to Texas, "the valley of rascals." 
! We publish it on the authority of the Richmond Star. | 

I A colored man visited woodbury, N. J., a few 

i lay/since, and attempted to lecture on slavery, when he 
was ruffianly assailed by a number of men and boy s 
! ,nd compelled to desist. On* stone struck an inonYn 



ANTI-SLAVERY TRACTS.— The following 
tracts are on hand and for sale at this office, by the Lib- 
erty Association. 

Condition of Living. 
The cause of Hard times. 
Influence of Slave power 
One more appeal to Christians & Churches. 
Bible Politics. 
Jewish Servitude. 
Smith & Clark-son. 
Persons he/d to service. 
Loyal National Repeal Association. 
Duties and Dignities of American Freemen. 
Ill Treatment of People of color in the U. S> 
Testimony of a Southern Witness. C. M. Clay. 
The lawlessness of slavery. 
Poems on S/avery by Longfellow. 
The Missouri Compromise. 
Smiths Constitutional Argument. 
Two cents Postage 

Address to the People of Kentucky by C. M. 



Cbv. 



(jtj. The American and Foreign Anti Slavery Society 
j has made preparations to do a good work for liberty 
ive citi-'en from the country, and injured him consider- the ct)rnm i n£ r year. 

ab i y __iV J. State Gazette. ! The Rev. A. A. Phelps of Boston is engaged as a- 

i» Pnllrr Vnt and Editor of the Anti Slavery Reporter. Tin- 

Reporter is an excellent paper published monthly at 



i A cobler and his wife haveing removed from the 
i lountry to this city, were overheard holding the fol- 
| /owing conversation together upon religious expediency 
. now they had got to Cincinati." 
j Husband. "Since we have got here to live, it's ne- 
j , SS ary we should join ourselves to some church, eause 
; it will' bring in custom— ye know! Which soct will be 
the most advantageous to us, in that respect? The great 



US Nassau street N. Y. at $ 0,50 a year for a sing 1 . ' 
copy. 5 copies to one address for $ 2,00 10 copies $ 
3,50. and 50 copias for $ 12,50. subcriptions wili \m 
received at this office. 



j folks want much work in our line. The denomination 
i where there is the greatest number of common, poor 
j people, like ourselves, will best answer our purpose; 
j n ..w, for my part, I think the Methodist church is the 
I 0 nc— they are wonderful plain sort'r of Christians? 

Wife. "Now, husband, I think the Baptist people are 
more kind'r like our sort of folks, them 'ere what'lldeal 
with us— I think we'd better join there." 

Husband. "I wish we could manage and contrive 
so's t<> get the custom of both these numerous classes. 
I'm sure they're the people forus,we;must ha mighty 



% 9 A ? ? 
ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STOltE. 

Myron Finch and Thomas A. Weed have opened on 
office for the sale of Anti Slavery Books, Pamphlets 
Tracts &c. at 118 Nassau Stree'., N'-w York, I them 
be wellpatronized. 



' serious. 

Wife, "Husband I'll tell ye— you join the Methodist 
and /'//join the Baptists.— So as you bring custom from 
them 'ere,/'« bring work from 'tothers; then we'll have 
twe strings to our bow, ye know— there can be no harm 
i»'t.--Try and keep it [sly— shine dark!" 



Temperance Houses. 

ALBERT GURNEE, Patcr.om 
Please forward the names, and thus favor a temper- 
ance community. 



li.-- in .uiu . -'j - * t> "VT 

Husband." Well said— that's the plan— give mc you j Freeman Office, Boonton, «. J 



hum'? i>oi*r.s - It is said the Great Pittsburg fire, 
(p which about $9,000,000, were lost and hundreds ot 
families turned out into the streets houseless, was caus- 
ed by the carelessness of a drunken washer-woman. 

Fruits of Emncipation. The following letter, in 
the United States Gazette, ^^^"^^^J wh^ontrives.-^o ftl soon have cobbling enough to 
which emancipation has brought upon the British West, ^ ^E.rchanqe paper 

TV | & O J 

Indies. , i . . e 

Barbados, Aprif 25.— Since my last, business has ; T „ E D EAC bti Eon mp..— 'Papa.' said one of Uu 
been extremely brisk in the in products of the Island; i £ the Deacon. 'I hud a funny dream last night.' 
the amount brought to market exceeds that remembered i < Wd/ T„mmy, what was your dream? 
for many years.— Thequantily shipped of the present ! q iTetm „\ t h c devil came into your stom.' 

,-rop amounts up to this pr^sen dale, to of : <The devil !' 

sue ah. i *y cs Pa, the devil, that ho fouud you drawing a glass 

Hhd*. Tierm. Mb. of . for p()or Ambro j ams , w h<> had cruelly broke a 

761 h2 ° R jjg babp , s ann the same day WcW she cried when 



CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION Is a small book published by JOHN KEEP 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. It should 
be read by every body. A few copies for sale at the 



ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For sale at the Office ot\. 
boys I the Freeman, Boonton, N. J 



12,382 

MOt.ASsr.*. 

Puncheon*. Hhds. 

1,205 95 • l S 

This quantity, compared with that, of the enrspondm^ 
period of last year, shows an excess m sugar ot BjWB 
packages and in molasses of 700 packages. 

The West India bank made its half yearly report on 
the 21st April; its assets $4,832, 555,84; its debts on 
current drafts and accounts, are $3,110,007,39; , circula- 
tion $ 547,285. A dividend has been declared of four 
per cent, for the six months. A surplus profit has been 
carried to reserve fund. 

The Barbados Globe of the 23d April states, "that 
the consumption of Hour and corn meal in this island,** 
late, amouuts to up wards of 1500 barrels a week. A 
tow cargoes of /umber would be acceptable hero at pres- 
ent as it is extremely scarce." 



he came home drunk. 

And I thought the devil, came up to thc counter, and 
laid his tail on the chair, and leaned over the barrel 
where you were stooping to draw if, and asked you if you 
was a deacon. And I thought you did'nt look «P but 
said you was, and he grinned and shook his tail like a 
cat thathas a rat, andsays he tome, that's the deacon for 
rne !' and run out of thc shop laughing so loud that 1 pu t 
my fingers in myears and woke up., 

The deacon quit the traffic and joined the Washing- 
tonion Temperance Society. 

A State Liberty" Convention is to ba held hi Maine 

on the Fourth of July at Portland. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

A few copies of Clark's Liberty Minstrel are for 
sale at ibis office. 

This is superior to any thing- 01**0 kind we hue 
seen, and shoud be in the possession of every one <hat 
loves good music, and lores to make a good iiso of It. 
Price* 44 cents. 



Boonton Washington Temperance Bmcv* 
olent •Wypr-incets every Monday eve 
rriftg in the Free Church. John Waxfield| 
President, Fredrick Stone, Svcrlmij. 

Boonton Liberty Association,— meets tl 
first Friday evening of every month. 
M. Evarts, President, C B. Morris, Sec. 



THE" NEW JERSEY 




VOL. 2. 



BOGJYTOJy, AUGUST ?, 1845. 



NO. 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHIN GRIMES, Editor and PEOPniETec. 
Boonton, Morris Coimty, New Jersey. 



land, Joseph Shotwell, Hugh Davids, Elijah Pound. 

.Essex, Jesse Clark, Joseph Stackhouse, Jeremiah 
Shotwell, John Webster Jan., William Shotwell Jun. 

Moumou;h, Richard Wain, Edmund Williams, 
William Hartshorne. 

Morris, Hartshorne Fitz Randolph, Henry Moore 
Isaac Harjs. 

Sussex; Thomas Anderson, Samuel Lundy, Christian 
Schmuek, William Ryerson. 

Hunterdon; James Ewing, Moore Freeman, Peter 



TERMS. 

Single copy 25 cents per annum, or for 12 cumbers. 

10 copies to one address for two dollars. 

All communications must be post paid, onr paper is 
published at a pecuniary sacrifice, and we cannot afford j Qonh ^ John p ottS) 6eorgB BulIick 
topay postage. j Burlington; Peter Sliiras, Thomas Newbold, Bur- 

_iaiaz^irr~~WTTMirii ri , ifi n ■ 11 i;! --- : - a - ; '" k -* jgiss Allison, John Hopkins, Robert Pearson 

For the Freeman. G/ouccstcr; Franklin Davenport, Thomas Stitcs, 

(Joseph Alvan, John Kilie, Tin mas Carpenter. 

Mr. Editor, In these degenerate times, and amid j Sa]eia . j oh „ Wistar, Allen Cougleton, Edward 
the denunciations so liberally bestowed upon the aboli- j Burrough, Clement Half, Josiah Shin, 
lioniits, it may be well to look back to good old times I The Anti Slavery Sor>.-ty organized some years ago 
and see what were the conduct and principles of our K n Gloucester County, adopted the Preamble of the old 
Farhers. To show this, I copy for your paper, the ! Society as being expressive of their principles. Are 
Preasoble and Constitution of the New Jersey Society j these sentiments any more i ncendiary or fanatical now 
for promoting the abolition of Slaver/ of 1733, and ap- ; than they were then? A::d' yet wiseacres often de- 
pend the names of the members. Alas! where are their I .,, , UU ee modorn abolition, while they attempt to laud 
Sons? degenerated, too many of them, or mere oppo- 1 the old Society. Indeed I have heard a learned Judge 
6crs of slavery in the abstract, which you know is pro - ( upon the bench do this in no nice terms. 



ductive of no good results. 

"PrwiaJ/c; When we consider the principles v hid. j 
animated our Forefathers to fly from u rannv and pi i 
secu'.ion, and seek an asylum in the then inhospitable j 
tho' now favored land: when we c nlemplate. oiir sitiia- : 
tioD as citizens of a free and ' enlightened Governm- :. j 
in foil possession of the inestimab/e bkgssijjgs of rivi, j 
nod religious liberty, and peculiarly favored by that high j 
degree of political prosperity to, which Providence hath'j 
been pleased to conduct us; when wc rilcct that v . j. 
are beiisgs of one nature, acknowledging one common | 
parent; we conceive it to be our duty to consult ape i 



OLD GLOUCESTER, 



HORRIBLE 



The following facts are related by G. W. Clark' 
They, transpired near Oakland college,Miss.: — 

A '-laveholder, a short time previous to his death, 
made provision for the /ibaration of his slave*. Those 
bo were intrusted with the execution of his d> sigus, 
jailing, or refnsiag to carry ont his last will and testa- 
meut concerning the slaves, the iaiter became restive 
and impatient to enjoy th ir long looked for boon. At 
length, disappointed, expecting to besdld, and incensed 
promote the happiness of our fellow men, however di* j at their oppressors, taey set tire to the overseer's dwell- 
vur8ifiei*fcy colour, rank or re/igion. It is our boast, ling and burnt it to the ground. A little chiid which 
that wk livi under a government founded on principled j. hey M ere unable to rescue, was consumed in the 
of Justice and Reason, wherein life,* liberty, and the ; dames. The slaves, > i^bi or nine in number, were ta - 
pursxrit of hnppincss,' are recognized; ns the' 1 ' universe i ken, and two of them hung up on the spot. The oth- 
righrs of men: and whilst -we arc anxious to preserv j ers were taken iuto en old log house and chained to the 
those rights to ourselves, and^trsiismit them inviolate ti j 5oor« The house was th* a set on me, and these poor 
our posterity, Ve abhor that inconsistent, illiberal an i of American slavery, after having been degra- 

i'nterested policy, which withholds those rights frqn J deprived of education, of liberty, of the fruits of 
from an unfortunate and degraded class of our. felloe i ;r labor and of all their rights, were, by a slow fire 
creatures, under a full conviction of the truth of the: ■, burned to death in this most shocking mauner,while the 
principles, which we are desirous to promote and car: Jair was rent with their unavailing shrieks and screamy 

into effect, by all constitutional and lawful ifleons, the 

Subscribers do nsree to associate themselves under th. 
title of the New Jersey Society for promoting the nl o 
lition of Slavery. 

The different Sections of the constitution adop: 
under this Preamble, relate principally to order of but 
ness, and I omit all of them except the 12 sectio; 
which explains more fully the objects of the Society. 



j Stealing Stable Boys.— Mr. Kirkman the owner 

' : Peytonia, published a card from Baltimore, express 

e.;g his senso of the -''gentlemanly courtes and chiva! 

! ous impartiality with wkich he was treated by the 

\ ntleman of tho Northern Turf." The trip to the 

j North was of unalloyed pleasure, but for "the theft" of 

, ! ' « o of his stable boys [slav- s] by the. Philadelphia ah- 
Section 113, The duties of the acting committee shai! lion j st; . , 

be to carry iuto execution the resolves of the society,; tx, , t , ,, , , 

, C± , J - ,. , ., , , VI he 'boys' have probably uudertakea u toot kale 

and of the county meetings; admit members, to seek, > 4 u ' iw »i r±. 

. t .•„,,, ij /L 4 i, i „ e L. j , .awards the. North 3tar. The prize m that race s 

out obiects entitled to relief by the laws of the lano ,. . l 

i ■ , , " • ii .. worth strugelmE for. 

state their cases by themselves in counsel, and use a : 00 - 

diligence in procuring by lawful and peaceable means; STEWARTS ARGUMENT. We again appeal to 
emancipation from slavery. j the friends of liberty in our State to see to it that this 

Joseph Bloomfield was President, Rebcrt Smith Jr. ; document is scattered over the State. It is an importea! 
Secretary. j document and it is a very important time to get it be - 

[Here follows a list of 81 names; members of the Soci- 1 fore the people. Let there be no delay in this mattet 



ety.] 



| Small sums of Money can be well kid out in this mat- 



The above names, ) believe belong to the County 0{ \ ^ f ^ n6t J e don< '-, ™™$f& ?° jmpor- 



Gloucester; of those in other Counties I know nothing 
except as giveu for officers and acting committees, as 
folio s; William Parrot and Richard Hartshorne were 
vice-Presidents; William Coxe Jun. was Treasurer; the 
acting committees were, for 

Middlesex County, Joseph Bayard; Ambrose Cope- 



The people of New Jersey should un 
derstand this subject thoroughly. The slave question 
in our State is not settled. Who can be inactive . and 
remain innocent? 

These Documents maybe had of Finch & Weed, 118 
Nassau Street N. Y. and of Thomas V. Johnson Mar- 
ket Street Newark- 



The True Liberty Pni fy. 

In the New England States generally, colored p00p l o 
enjoy the right of suffrage. Connecticut is an exception 
to this remark. The Anti-slavery Society latch peti- 
tioned the ledgislatnre to extend the sufijage to the 
proscribed colored man; their petitions were referred 
but the committee reported against them, their report 
was unanimously accepted, and a resolution passed for 
leave to withdraw the petition. The majority in the 
legislature is Whig'; and the Tribune urges upon the 
abolitonist the po'icy of uniting with the whigs, who are 
so favorable to a removal of the disabilities from the 
blacks! Alas! Mr. Tribune —Gin. Weekly Herald. 

Shameful! — :! The tow-boat Swan pas- 
sed a dt-ad body on the 22d inst about ten 
miles above the passes, supposed to be a 
bright mulatto— had on a flannel shirt, & 
duck pantaloons with and an iron collar a- 
round his neck to which was attached about 
en fee! of rope!! 1 itch is the statement 
found in the New Orleans Bee. of April 24 

mz>. 1 1 '■ 

hi w eh. era cl eristic <} r ; i (' rTn<rr(( n an 
ifested here \ 0 one eared ab ut it. It rra i; 
only a dead slave. V\ hai wa> there stranffe 
about it ? Slave- were often s en by these 
travelers, "ron collars were common; and 
ropes were no novelty how entirely is he,- 
inanity effaced from the he ar! by slavery. 

S gval <>j Liberty. 

Most Horrible!-- An merican at Rio, 
writing an account of the . razilian slave 
tradc : give* the following terrible descrip- 
tion of'< scene ou board one of these float- 
ing hells. 

'The first night af er we left the east 
coast of \frica with a cargo of about 650 
blacks, a part of the men got loose from 
their manicles anil attempted to rise ot; the 
crew. /"Brazilian.) but they being armed 
with muskets, and cutlasses, soon drcve be- 
low again and for some time after they 
submitted and cried for quarter, continued 
fire upon them and killed a good many. A 
few days after a mock trial was had, and 
a number was condemned to be executed. 

Accordingly some were hoisted up to the 
foreyard, being two chained together and 
then shot dead And when two were taken 
out of the hole and only one was to die, in- 
stead of knocking theironsoff. they took the 
po-r fellow and. chopped his foot off, and so 
slipped his loot out. and then run him up to 
the yard and shot him. In this manner forty 
six men and woman were murdered by 
these wretches in human form. 

And when Manuel Pinto da Fonseca 
says the slave-trade could not be carried on 
but for the assistance of the American flag, 
it is time that something should be done by 
our government to enforce the law oa this 
subject,— J I e.x/r-m Citizen- 



From the Albany Patriot. 



LT3 



'iVarrative 
v. ity ol more 
oiKen.ucsy.' 



the sucermgs oi juewis ui: r«. aurmg : 

twentj .ejjesrs among the Aigenae 
It is only a single s ■; 1 ;fo::ai.:! o: me siive 

louring the ten years inat 1 uvea wim iviKs r anion 
I do not tbink — ~r - wa& as ma.iy cays, v/iieu ene was 
at home, that 1 or some other slave, did'nbt receive some 
kind of beating or a. _ . a> her i.aadi». it seemed as 
though sue oouid not live nor sleep, unless some poor 
back was smart ng, some head beating with pain, or 
some eye tilled with tears, around r»er. 

When about nine years old, i was sent m me evening 
to catch and toil a turitey .They were securely sleeping 
in a trey — their accustomed resting place for me high;-. 

I apprjdehed as cautiously as possible, selected the 
vhtim 1 was directed to catch, but just aa i graspeu 
him in pay hand ray foot slipped, and he mads hk> escape 
from the tree and lied beyond my reach. 

1 retained with a heavy hear- to my mistress, with 
the story of my uusfonuhe. She was enraged Ley oik.; 
measure. She determin< d at.ooceihat 1 should jSaife 
Whiping of tho worst kind, and she was bent on adaing 
all tne agravauoaapossmle.. Master had gone to I ten 
drunk, and was now as fast aeie- p as drunkard eve.; 
ore.* -A., any rate he was tilling lh« house with the 
r.oirjv. of his ;;uoricg and with the perfume of h;s breath. 

i was ordexd to go and call him-r-wake him up- 
and ask him to be kind enough to give me fifty gooa 
emart lashes. '£■■< be whipped is bad enough to ask for 
it is worse — to ask a drunken man to wnipycuis to bad. 

i would sooner have gone to a nest of rattlesnakes'; i 
than to the. bed of this druaimrd.> ; 

But go I must Softly I crept along, and gently i-hook 
his arm, and said with trembling voice, 'Master, Mas- 
tor, Mistress •'ants you to get up.' This did not go to 
the exteo' of her command, and ia .great fury t>hc called 
Otic — *vv'hat, you wont ask him to whip you, will you?'' 
I th-n added, Mistress wants you to give mo fifty lashes. 

A bear, at the smell of a lamb was never roused quick- 
er. 

'Yes, ye 7, that i will; IrU give you such a whipping 
as you will nover will wan: ag.i:a.' And sure enough 
so ha did he .'.prarfg from the bed, seized me by the 
hair [ashed me , ith a hanb'ful .f switches, threw me my 
wacie length on the ioor, kicked and cuffed mo worse 
than he would a dog, and then threw mo with all his 
(Strength out of the d 'Or, d>ad than alive. There I lay 
for aioe.g lime, scarcely abie and not dareing to move, 
till I could hear no sound of the fuf.es within, and then 
crept to my couch, longing for death to 
tut an end to my misery. I had no friend in the world 
to whom 1 could utter nc word of complain., or to 
■whom i could look for protection. 

Mr. Eantoa owned a blacksmith shop ia which he 
r»^2ut soma of his time, though he was not a very cf- 
ficent hand at the £re One day Mistress toid me 
o go over the shijp, and let Master give me a good 
flogging, I know the mode of punishing there too well. 

I would rather die than go. 

The poor fellow who worked ia the chop, a very 
skilful workman, neg/ected one day to pay over a hall 
a dollar that he received ofa customer for a job of work. 

This wa-> quite au unpardonable! offenc-. No right if; 
n:re strictly maintained by the slaveholders, than the 
Tight the- have to every cent of the slave's wages-. 

Th" slave kept fifty cents cf his owe wages in his 
pocket one night. 

Th : .3 came to the knowlekge of his Master. He cal- 
led for the money, and it was not speut — it was hand- 
ed to him; but there was the horrid iutcnticn of keeping 
it. The enraged Master put a handful of nail-rods into 
the fire, and*when they wh" re red hoi took them out, 
and coaled one after another of them in the blood and 
flesh of the poor slave's back. I knew this was the 
sh->p mode of punishment; I wou ! d not go, and Mi 
Baptjd came home, and his admirable lady told him 
the st tv of my refusal. He broke forth in a great 
rage, and gave me most an unmerciful beating, adding 



that if I did not come, he would have burned the hot 

nail rods into my back. 

Mrs. £anton, as is common among slaveholding wo- 
man, seemed to hate and abuse me all the more, be 
cause I had some of the blood of her father in my veins 
There are no slaves that are so badly abused, as th<;> 
that are related to some of the women — or the children 
of their own husband; it seems as though they never 
could hate these Lai enough. 

My sisters were quite as gpftd! looking as any young 
ladies in Kentucky, it happnaed once of a time, that a 
jour.g man called at the house of Mr. Campbei!, to set 
ja sister of Mrs." jBanton. Seeing* one of my sisters in 
.he house and pretty well dressed/ with a strong fam- 
ly look, He thought it was Mrs. Campbell, and with 
chafvupposilioa addressed some conversation to her 
which he had intended for the private car of Miss. C. 

The mistake was noised abroad and occasioned .some 
arous! me t to young people. 

Mrs Eaatoa h>.arJ, itjumde her cauldron of v/rati 
sizzling hot — every thing mat diverted and amused 
other people seemed to ensage her. There -jars ho< 
prings in. Kentucky;' .-die as just like ope of them, onij 
ehuck-full ofifebiiiKg passion. 

. She must wreak bet? veageaeee for ibis inner eat m's- 
^ake.pf tho.yj^mg- ,mam upon me. 'She wohld iti*. 
me so that nobody should ever think tin! I whiter 
.accordingly,' .ia burning hot day, che made me ra/.c i,f< 
<xeT'j rcg cftsoikeS) g6\cit into theigarden an pick hul'b.s 
Ibr hours— 'irrlfcrdcr to^jburn me b!ack. When I vre.nt-ou' 
;he ti.Tew c'oid water 'on me so that the sun might U\kC 
dec* uppor. me.; "v^hen 1 crime ir.,s!ie gave rrveasevctt- 



never hav been seduced in?e so close an a//ience with 
Slavery, had they known no ecclesiastical connectio 

but the /ocai church. 

13. That the doctrinee. cf modern Abolitionism arc 

th iloctrines of orthodox Christianity brought to bear 

ti .: the specific ein of s!s% - ery. 

That ail legitimate church government is in favor 

of justice Humanity, and Universal Liberty, and thn 

efficient handmaid of righteous civil government. 

li>. That to seperate the active energies cf tho eh:* lb 

?hd ministry from moral aud religions reform?, is a con- 
servatism which betrays religion with a kiss. 

1G. That we cannot carry the /cgis.'atio:i cf a country 
to higher degree in morals than what is indicated in the 
practice of the church; and so far as the practice con- 
nivoe at injustice, the church lies directly across tho 
pathway of all. attempts to, reform the legislatirn cf tho 
country. | ( 

17. That the e ommocds of God to bis people cover 
re whale ground of their civil and political duti.-s, ar;d 

/.eatly teach that to set up the workers c* ioiqhity, 
•tad 'abor to elevate oppressors toplr.ee v f • u er, 
the climax of apostasy and rebellion. 

18. That we deeply (eel tfcit a revival cf rehgioa w 
;o farther goau'ce, than it extend" ."if •:■ iafiw*^ t5 orer« 
e>:u--- the siu of the consmuii'.'y. 

K'. That American slavery isvolvc a I? - :. of til 
ae'Ccinrhands iathp Decalogue, covers as deep crCei- 
i<;.^ sr,d wick<-im-;is a." eo«!d be p. .tic- d am ag men, 
r e i.T wtihuut a redeeming quality ; aud but for the aid 
. receives from ministers and professed Christiaas, by 
die pcsitlvb defence, of it, and by ccgh ct br< p:oto Jt.a 
their h heidua; caTJacity, and as churchet> ; and in their 



The following resolutions Trcreladojitca at a convention 



T.i Junt 



1. 



.tssoeiate, it w 
SO: That tb 

in;.' States ca 1 



- c-.v t- 



eo rc a 



4 



'ally rospdiiit'iblc r 



discern between true Chnr.tiar.ity nr.d the 
gions commrro at this day., 
1 2: That pure Ghj^tiaruty, while it cot 
tUswtfe c«nilden<re'yi Gcd, and laboni.ii 
■ rights and pri'/liit- to ajl men, is direct!; 
:hc eystem of Ameriean tilavery, wi'iich tcducej man tt. j 



The Convention war- ehlressed hyRo. 
•cmt), Ellip, Cheney, wid also by Preside 
lik uir.il eloquent and effective manner. 



■i't 



a chattel and denk 
crcatTires.'' 

3. That while \ 



preroeiut 



of Or 



r 



ovi r 



vancmoni of true Cbrir.tiaaily, consirtcr.cy requires thai 
we separate our selves iroai /he sysjeas pf Ajabrican 
Slavery, that we may give i: ©ox urirjualifjedcoi'ajlemnt'.- 
tion. 

4. That the gospel miftistry i» aa appointed djgencj 
of God for the good of man, 

5. That religicte teachers in the church shtuid oc- 
upy the foreground in all moral reformations. 

6. That we regard, a faithful Ministry as on: of Gel's 
greatest blessings io a fallen world, and i! 
faithfully sustained by the church ; (jut ffi 
expi diencv-loving, time-s.Tvir-7, chcfcsi 



Tho foilo ti ir g resolutions, Uvcro pai 
if th'a McrrisCceuaty Tem:». :aneo S<X^ 
on the 81 ft. el' July. . '•• >,.»».• 

Vy.$ are glad to :ve' th.-m taltmg sue 
looha like bebg.in enpest. . Temp. 
'■ •"m'ah; ' So learn that if they want to 
■•but no. thev havc?:"t to sst s*o at tho 



tPa: ppariy 



IT :i 



lis of mtc/idesi?:: , 
ranee with iti mi 



is ccc o» 



f^thEuV. 
•twet-n- 



two-moral-cvi!? rr.ir. ; : 
upon mankind. 

V That it is the. duty of tho mizdstc-rsjof &o gospel to ; 
faithfully present Bible eourael reojHiCting cttii ct'4 ■ 
tieal duties of thepcoph, and act as the. faithfu! a: A un- 
compromising reprovers of irdequity end evil d<>CK. 

8. That in our pinion, political action, political 
preaching, praying, and political voting,, would never 
have comet.- bad odor' if .professed Christiana and Min- 
isters had not joined the wicked in putting vile men int. 
civil office and sustained oprcsstvc legislation. 

9. That to find aecer-^ to the mere -seat, men Oius 
truly regard the c/aims of the poor and needy, and take 
part With the week against the strong — with the ob- 
preaftd against the oppressor. 

10. That, we understand the Bible piairdy to teach 
that ail who refuse alctiv'e wuccor to the poor wi/1 be re- 
jected by the Saviour, who r< gurds the ncglecJ of such 
as the neglect of hinfcr'f. 

1 1 . That in our opinion, the slaves of these United 
Stales, held under a system sustained and legalized by ]<jmeivnt fempi'ianee Societies 'of this'sUtT«S 



y.Whcrcaa the : 

I .iuf the veun- en 1 coif<cs5dent , ; i'i ura aJBtt fo elittl 
I for such drinks and cncouragiDg ead t.aptingJiSMC who 
have already formed such appetites, to rrotmue the.r| 

[indulgence. tad*t!Pfccrc^3 tb:3tra$r hyfittcttaaiti 

idrunkonners, pcnperjsm, <it;d crime, :r;.p: .• •> hoav; 
I a«d unjust tax upon thoc.o who are oppotwo to it f ^— au 
1 Whoreas thqre is bo Vpo avoid^Bg.^se ^^s i a fc 
t tnrc but by removing tho caw, viz. cupjj?^$wg thl 
{ traffic,— — and Whereas this can otiy be done by L 

gislaiivc actica, Therefore, Rccidvcd, 'V..i 

petition the Legislature to'psss a law .giviag to *-ach 
Town-ship ihc power cf deciding by a majority of vote 
whether they will, cr will not allow the ;-. • c f ::.t r. 
cati-sg drinks in their respective Township? - . 

2. In order to carry this into affect,-- •R«)e!* , ed tha 
it is our f:rmnnd unchangeable purpose net to vote foi 
any person to become a member of the Legislature o 
this state who will not advocate the passage of such 
law. ***** • ' 

3. Kcrolvc-d that wo w ill endeavour by all lawful an 
I 

iion of such cmdidnU- : iu each of the pari s to v. hie I 
we are politically uttarhed, as will e i lat 

4. Resolved that in order to secure unit I and i tHeie I 
action a circular prepared, and forwarded, to til 



.'his who e nation, are the poorest of th poer 



13. That we believe tho churches in this land could \ concert with no. 



I the importance of t.ds subj .-:t a id uiyinc them 



asp? 



- ~- - -- ■ ; * " * i — — ~rr- -^cr t J. l." .-rr:- 



THE JTEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

ROONTON, AUGUST. 1st. |1845, 



Hearts dead to the claims of man, cannot be alive to 
the commands of God : and religion cannot flourish cn 
the ground where humanit withers. Keep. 

State Meeting 

Qnr friends will perceive a notice in another column, 
that the semi-annual meeting of the N. J. Aati-hiavery 
Socifcty is to be held in Newark, on the 23 th. August. 
Newaik has rccn selected as the most central and con- 
venient of access of any cf the places where we were 
core the meeting could be heid. The Executive Com- 
mittee w*.s desiroas cf getting inf .• scrno new place, in 
s-crne oti .i r • art of the aiate, and accordingly we wrote 
to friends in several places w ithout success; and'the 
meeting has at ibis late hour Leon appointed c,t Newark 

We. do net know what ttfc reason is, tnat mere othei 
piae«s are hot acce^obfc; batws knovy wjiat was in the 
way last yen r. A year ago wo wrote to Rahway, to 
know if wc cem'd held our faceting in that Town, and 
received for answer that if wc would go with the Vikip 
nad elect Henry Clay , wc conld'hold car meeting' there, 
otherwise noti- PerhttpVth? un; abolition party ^ac ine 
Whigs style themselves) wish to haw all the glory ox 
c mancipation thejSselves. 

Let the friends every -where see to it that the notice 
o{ this meeting is well published by reading it in the 
< nurches, handbills aud where convenient let it be pat in 
the Nev/Kospers. The Committee will sea that compe- 
tent men will be secured fox epoakera. 



Hons to allow them to conc/rcgrctc ir. the capacity of Sun- 
day School schollars, tor^eid: instructions) no mAttkr 

OF WHAT KIND. 

Those who are engaged in the occupation may assume 
it through motives of philanthropy, but I doubt very 
much if thay have counted the injury that may result 
to the community at large, by a misguided idea of 
Christian kindness or benevolence. Co not construe 
my words into an intention to impugn the good m-otivc.: 
of persons thus enr/cu/cd in this((o me)dar.r!erous cr.trr- 
■prize, but only a. desire to have this matter attended to 
before evils arise which would be difFi-nlt to quelh i 

If this measure is ope that has been considered by the whether the new 65nstiin*.ian bs 1 y. .';%-> j the hw 



regularly manumitted according to the tefta* 

by law, and this court has irorn iirae to time, 

the claim of the master to tho.slavfc; 

in 1320, the; leg:slttiurejadc.pteda.plapiPPi 

abolition of slavery, in which the fciatiwS of : 
slave vvc-s aguin rcccr:u2'-.l, and aa: - Ir which : 
nearly disappear!: a; 
to the faiecch.-uij 
a legal claim uii the 
inability t-> support 
ed rogatory by the 



umber beipg! 

, '< O V a 

--cvi i cubs: 
it n west 'on 



j to tiit" act, 
•oia c'tseal 



proper authorities, and granted because of a belief thai j slaVery; The £n '. E'eeti : .-. ::: 
it may ameliorate the condition of cur slave population I fed as fclib'wk 
'n any religious point of view, end that it has been s;:ne- ! 11 men are by ualJjJ :"r: • 



tioned by the community who are to suffer anv evil j 



! err. am mi 



vrihV 



that may result frpxa this plan, then it is enough that 'j Q y; Eg »si'd defending life r.ci liberty', 
this matter shou/d only be represented in its prc?erj b& ^ r rotwtiugVcrcriy, and 'V: 
fehfein its infancy. , , • -.„,,- ,., „ ^ 

°. , , ' • • 1 u it.-, - , !tai.;.ng salety ex. i easiness)'. . 

I have always conceived ;t ft daaibtfni liohcyto al- I ,■- ■ - , : 



:his 



pxirsu^bg^aodjeb* 



Ihe JAdge, in relation to t^is ^.a-. 

low negroes to woK»tup m masses excmssvely of slaves: ; ,, ' . , 

! .:.. 1 • *. ., . \ , 1 tneconrentjofl 1 m irammsr th:s lupuai 

nose I'sstncticos yrlach tnast ndc^sarily{>c''p!&eea upon : . . . ,J 

, <• • , . with the peacral «rcp«jitica, that men in 

them by the presence ot white persons is removed, and 

»hey are left tree t.cj act upon any measure the xnelftilf- 

rior.g cf some of the more crafty may suggest. I hope 

this may call tb.e attention of the public to this affair 

those who feel interested in the matter should examine 



the law 
farther. 



Prixjreis% cf T.-mpcra-tcc. — Twenty-one towns in 
Rhode Island, including ail tho large towns, have voted 
vol to erant licenses for the tale of ardent spirits. In this 
' city ths question of granting iicenses has been iod'efi- 
idtoly postponed in the. Board of Aldermen. The 
whole number of licenses granted in the State a ft-w 
years ago was aix hur/irtd. — The whole number this 
year is less than fifty out of the city of Providence, and 
probably less than one hundred if licenses are granted in 
the" dty-^Procidfice Jourwl. 



I am yo-irs, fa A CITIZEN 

THE NEW JERSEY SLAVE CASE. 

This cace, to the astonishment of ajmest all Jorseymen, e 
ventnany rack pro-eiavery men, has b< en decide d agains; 
the Slave. Chief Justice ilornblov/i-r dissented rrr- 
bfilbf — Justice Whitehead gave no opinion because he 
did not hear the argument— justice* Nevius & Randolph 
gave a written ■ opinion and Carpenter concurred with 
them. It appears plain that the Slave power can wield 
more influence over .New Jersey Judges than over the 
elaveholding Judges cf the United States Courts — I:' a 
question, involving a fev^ dollars hadrbeen the question, 
Judge Hornbiower could have given somethit g more 
than a mere rerbal oqinioa. Judg; Whitehead takes a 
very plausible method cf dfcdging. We give beloW an 
abstract of the opinion of Judge riefius from the IN'c v, 



uIIIO. 



Jfnp Ant 



laver 



Society has voted 

t v,00l) Ibid year for Ltcfres. Tracts &e. Tbev will 
raise it fi: use it too, and more bfsidai, ' 
■T; si thirds ih's year in Ohio. 



icy are uoi 



Pour well educated color d youth '08 FbiiadclpKia 
wt-ro recently refused admittance in Middlcbury Col- 
ege, Vermont; but were promptly received at Dart - 
month, N.H-^— 



Qpen thy mouth for the dttosb, in the cause 
uch are eppoiuUid to deafr^ctioa. Prc-v. 31 : 



ell 



, get out 

ir Bociai- 

state are fsc 1 to a iouxth sir ov.n : sreis cf soverment an; 
enact *be;r own laxya— that ibey are isjucpendoat tt'u'. 
foreign societies and .governments -inu of the wili of on? 
oa; man or set cf nice — feat in framing their iuv s th/y 
have a right to consult their own safety ana bitppincsx, 
1 irv&eth&r in the protection of life anb iintrty, or the a<> 
1 qu:?:tiori cf prowrty — that the language u^d nevir 
intended to t* applied to rrian m bis vrivatj individual, 
ox domestic cjapacity, or to define Lis mdividuyi raglitSjOi 
intcrtcrfe with his di-rneetic rtlatio&s. Ilg,fegarded itu;i 
speaking of nfen in their (?bciai capacity, and tj..ugiittLc: 
if the conventibn intended to aboiirh elavcrr .which .was 
veil knov/n to exist, and with it the' right of the master 
to his slave and the right of the slave to projection an> 
maintenance, no one can d> ubt that the frame rs cf ihf* 
constitution would ha _- e engrafted cn it acme clear end, 
dffir.it'"- provision for effecting meir object, and net left 
eo important a question and onf which involve*! suci, 
grave cpnsBquehces;j to depend cn the ccn^tiptieaofan 
indefinite and abstract preposition. 

He •• e;u on farther to say, that it had been determin- 
ed by the federal and state court, that the language used, 
in the Federal Constitution, and m the Declaration c: 



. , ttidecendehce of similar imioprt. did not distoib the lav: 
djk Sentinel Hi which Judgcc '. arpent-r fe liauuolph ! 



eosiE7UjNo tuat sgc:; 



LOCJEBO INTO. 



(J'- ntlcnmi—lt was witJs jjpme degree ofsurpidy; thai 
t have 'ately been informed that there is now in our 
cit'.- three negro Sabbath School.! under operation. I was 
incredulous of the fact of their existence until !a3t Sab- 
bath morning. A spirit of inquiry caused me to visit St. 
James's Episcopal Church, where I saw asembled sev- 
eral hundred negro children, together with, some grown 
ones. I asked what it meant, and was informed that it 
was a Sunday School for negroes. Whether there be re- 
etrictioir; or not as to the extent they are to be taught, 
I am not aware — but would respectfully ask those v/ho 
are concerned in the matter to give information. 

1 am clearly fer allowing servants all Relvjious privi- 
lege} consistent with tlxir condition. It is a pleasure no 
doubt to them to csscmbic to worship Cod according to 
the li hts before them; it is a gratiflca'ion to owners 



concurred. Wo envy not the head, the heart, nor th 
fame of the Judge that can in the Mi idle cf the Nine- 
teenth cmtury pen such a document — Slavery has Cx 
isted "by law from time immemprial" and therefore 
must continue to exist, rotwith.e.tauding the. constitution 
says "Ail men ere by nature free end independent fix"-- 
We have no space f?r comment, bit wc hope Jersey- 
men will not fail to read it we!!, -arid compare it with 
the Bill cf Rights in the Cotx ituticn. I<'o sane man 
can read it with cut detecting the barefaced sophistry it 
contain?, and cc^iderwdrlg the ridiculous conclusions ar- 
rived at. Wo clusi'i for our New Jersey Court, and re- 
joice that this rijptter iatnb- carried to pn other Tribunal. 

j The opinion of Justice JSj&pi'w :tce.? oa tostate that the 
prcccedings ia this caac were designed to investigate and 
settle the que:'ticn, whether elavctf can existt in this 
State, under its present constitution and laws — wheth- 
er it has ever had a legal existance, and if so, whether 
its cxistanc? is legal still. It was the law of the case, 
on which the Court was called to pronounce'. 

He went on to quote large ly Irom authorities to chow ■ 
that the relation between master and slave had been re- ! 
eognized by, law, from time immemorial. On this point 
he referred to the grants in Cai terett's time 1664, to the 
minutes of the Colonial assembly. 10R0, 1694, and the 
instructions of Lord Cornbury, 1702, & the acts of 1713, 
1751, 1768 and 1769, which were quoted to show that 
while New Jersey was a eo ; ony the institution of slavery 
was olerated, recognized, guaranteed and regulated by- 
law. 

As early as 1798, the legis'atyre declared by statute, 



tn, relation >.-» slavery, or in any way affect tjle^rights cf 
.r.asterj or slaves. 

in examinir.g the decisions qf the Massachusetts courta 
and those of'virgihia'j the learned judge showed thai 
hey differed in their construction cf similar previsions- , 
end in this conflict cf cpir.iers among judges, the prcei 
- ut case :r.;;st rest on what this cee2.11 shall consider too 
fair, legal and safe construction: He concluded by say- 
ing that from the best consideration which he had been, 
aide to give, the'f ubject, he was of opinion: 

1st That the relation of master end slayp existed ty 
law at the adaption cf tlie constitution of 164-1. 

CThat, that Constitution has not destroyed that rela- 
tion or abolished slavery. 

3d That the cob red man, WiZliam, sboufd bo - mar. 
ded -o the cus'tpdy of the defendent. 



TEM SEMI AT* 
MEETING. 



of slaves to see them thus interested; but I ant of opinion 

• . ,• , 01 t that every neero then a slate shouici remain a slave, till 
that tt is clearly aqa:n#t the policy of our Slave Institu- J 6 



The Semi Animal Meeting cf the New Jersey Aih 
Slavery Sccic-r'ywi<l he heid in the Free Church in thi 
City of Newark, on Thursday ihe 23 of August inst. et 
11 o'clock A. M. 

Meetings wdl be held in the af'crnoon and, evening 
Prominent Anti Slavery men will be engaged to b; :a 
attendance 

Atigust 5 1845. 

k. H. Freeman Sec. 

He who supports the system of slavery is the enemy 

ci tbt whole human e race. Abbe ifoyW. 



POD TRY. 



GET OFF THE TR \( K. 

Air Dan Tucker." 

Ho! the car Emancipation 
Rides majestic through our nation, 
Shearing on iis train the story, 
Liberty! a nation's glory. 

Roll it along through the nation, 

Freedom's car, Emancipation. 

Men of various predi/ictions, 
Frightened, run in all directions; 
Merchant?, editors, physicians, 
Lawyers, priests, arid politicians. 

Get out of the way! even station! 

Clear the track of Emancipation! 

Let th M l'sters and churches 
Leave Behind sefctarin lurches- 
Jump on. board the car ot'Freedom, 
Ere ii he too late to need them. 

Sound the alarm! Pulpits thunder! 

Ere, to late you see > our blunder 

Politicians gazed, astounded, 

When at first, our bell resounded; 

Frcnjht trains are coming, tefl these foxes, 

With our i.'0/es and ballot boxes. 

Jump for your lives! politicians, 
From yonr dangerons, false positions. 

Railroads to Emancipation 

Cannot rest oh Clay foundation: 

And the road that Polk erects us, 

Leads to slavery and to Texas! 

Pull Up the rails! Emancipation 
Cannot rest on such foundation. 

All true friends of Emancipation, 

Haste to Freedoms railroad station) 

Quick into the cars get seated, 

All is ready aud completed. 

Put on the steam! all ar crying, 
And the liberty flags are living. 

On, triumphant see them bearing, 
Through sectarian rubbish tearing: 
The bell and whistle and the steaming, 
Startle thousands from their dreaming. 

Look out for the care while the bell rings. 

Ere the sound your funeral knell ringS: 

See the people run t<> meet us, 

At the depots thousands greet us — 

All take seats with cxulratibu 

In the car Emancipation 

Huzza ' Hn/.za !! Emancipation 
i-roon will bless our happy uatioti. 
Hnzza ! Huzza ! ! Huzza ! ! ! 



f 1 ^ Pr posals are made by Wm D Parish of No 4 
North 5th Street Philadelphia to publish the Life of 
Benjamin Lundy This is as it should be, the services 
rendered to the cause of universal liberty b 1 Mr Lundy 
should never be forgotten. Let subscriptions be sent in 
6peedily in order to insure its publication without delay. 
We believe the price is 75 cents — 



THE REFORMER, This is the title of a New 
Weekly paper the specimen number of which has just 
been issued by H-mry Peterson, at 187 Market Street 
Philadelphia, devoted to liberty and other reforms. It 
j is an excellent paper and should be well patronized. It 
j is a sjood size and well executed. The price iS Two 
\ Dollars a year. 



"The Charleston Mercur, speaks liius, of Gov. Ham- • 
| tnonds letter in defence of slavery — 
i '''We like, too., the. bold position he takes in the out- I 
j i — it is the only one that souihvru men ought to! 



j faike. Slavery , as it exists With is ncixher a moral, : 
j Social, or Political Evil, bw it i$. on >ke contrary, the 1 
j most beneficent form of organized society that has yet 
} existed." 



ANTI-SLAVERY TRACTS.— The following 

tracts are on hand and for sale at this office, by the Lib- 
erty Association. 

Condition of Living. 
The cause of Hard times. 
Influence of Slave power 
One more appeal to Christians & Churches. 
Bible Politics. 
Jewish Servitude. 
Smith & Clarkson. 
Persons he Id to service. 
Loyal National Repeal Association. 
Duties and Dignities of American Freemen. 
Ill Treatment of People of color in the U. S. 
Testimony of a Southern Witness. C. M. Clay. 
The lawlessness of slavery. 
. Poems on S/avery by Longfellow, 
The Missouri Compromise. 
Smiths Constitutional Argument. 
1 wo cents Postage 

Address to the People of Kentucky by C. M< 

Clav. 



• The following Toasts, among others were 
; given at the late Fourth of July celebration 
jut Hi mer N Y. 

I Slavery and Intemperance — The great- 
est wrongs hat can be inflicted on man 
Luis tide the grave; and therefore the first 
| object to be struck down by the American 

1 'allot. 

\ Freedom and Temperanc — Lot the . 
[flout ish and triumph ogether. 

The Clergy of the U * — When true to 

• th. ir high trust; they are (rod's light* in 
the pathway of national glo y — when false, 
they are the corrupters of our religion, trai- 
jtors to Freedom and HumaniU ; fitted by 
I heartlessness and subserviency to a vraal 
jand corrupt public opinion, to precipitate 
i a nation's ruin 



(j^ The American and Foreign Anti Slavery Society 
ha* made preparations to do a good work for liberty 
the comming ye:ir. 

The Rev. A. A. Phelps of Boston is engaged as a- 
gent and Editor 'Of the Anti Slavery Reporter. T' 
Reporter is an excellent paper published monthly al 
118 Nassau street N. Y. at $ 0,50 a year for a single 
copy. 5 copies to one address for $ 2,00 10 copies $ 
3,50. and 50 copias for $ 12.50. subcriptions will be 
received at this office. 



EASTERN CONVENTION. 
A great Liberty Convention is to be held in Boston 
the hist of September for the New England States 
.N.York, N. Jerse>, ami Pennsylvania. This is an 
•important move aud we trust will Ix; one of the great- 
est meetings ever held in the Country. We believe it 
wiil be well attended; and will, like the Cincinnalti 
convention, te/1 slaveholders and proslavery men that 
abolition is not dying away, but /hat there is a zeal 
,md enthusiasm on this subject that will result in the 
.iccomplishment of great things. Go ahead \ve say 
with the Eastern Convention. 



! Dandies. — There are some fools in the world who 
j after long incubation, will hatch put from the hot-bed of 
| pride a brood of fuzzy ideas, and then go strutting along 
j the path of pomposty, with all the importance of a 
speckled hen with a black chicken. I have an antipa- 
thy to such people. They are mere walking sticks for 
i female flirts — ornamented with brass heads, did I say > 
j Their caputs arc oDly half ripe muskim Ions with 
i the rinds all hollow in side, containing the seeds of fool- 
i ishness twining about in vast quanity of sap. 
• Tinkered up with broadcloth, tiiiger-rings, safety-chain., 
'. soft colder, vanity and impudence; theyurc no more bu-u 
i than a plated tea-spoon is solid silver. I detest a *jui- 
dy us cat does a wet floor. — Dow Jr. 



?~\ "©> <S> 

f f J. 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE. 

Myron Finch and Thomas A. Weed have Opened an 
office for the sale of Anti Slavery Books, Pamphlets 
Tracts &c.'at 118 Nassau Street, New York, Let them 
be well patronized. 

Temperance Houses. 

ALBERT G0RNEE, Patorsot. 
Please forward the names, and thhs fovor a temper- 
ance community. 



CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION Is a small book published by JOHN KEEP 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. It should 
bf read by every body. A few copies for sale at the 
Freeman Office, Boouton, N. J. 

, , ■ •; 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS Wot sale at the Ofceof 

; the Freeman, Boonton, N. J 



TEM PE RAN OE IN P A.TE RSON — We rejoice 
to find the friends of Temperance in Patersou g 'ing for-! 
ward in this great work, with a determination not to 
give way until the rum sellers give np. They hav« 
been for some weeks holding meetings ever) night, on ] 
an island below the Falls. Thousands attend their 



Michigan. A State Liberty Convention has been 
held in this State, Sixteen Counties were well repre- 
sented, aud TAMES G BIRNEY was nominated for 
Governor. The Cause of Freedom is rapidly onward 
;n Michigan. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

A fe» copies of Clark's Libarty Minstrel are for 
<ti * at 'hi- office. 

This is sup- rior to any thing of the kind we have 



meetings every night — we 6aw Mr.Perry. about h i « , '*n aud sh"iid be in tho nossesdion of every one 'hat 



week since the Presideu/ of the Washington society 
there, and then about 1,000 hud signed the pledge b< 
sides about 400 pledges that had been procured by th* 
catholic clergyman. Great praise is due to the Pate ram 
Washingtonians, — Their meetings still continue. 



Remember Heaven has an avenging rod — 

To :<mitc the ponr is treason against God. — Cowper. 



Jonathan Wai.kkr. — This persecuted man is at 
length released from unjust confinement in Florida, 
and is at home with his friends. — Hecalis the letters S. 
S. which the authorities of Florida under the U.S- 
goverment, branded in his hand, the; U. S. coat of arms. 

We hope he will travel through the Free Stales and 
shew that hand, and tell to the people the tale of 
wrongs hi, has endured- 



•ves ;'ood nusie, and loves tu make a good use of it. 
Price, 44 Cents. 



Boonton Washington Temperance Benev- 
olent Society, — meets every Monday eve 
uing in the Free Church. John Vlaxfield, 
President, Fredrick Stone, Secretary . 

Boonton Liberty Association, — meets the 
first Friday evening of every month. 
M. Evarts, President, C. B. Morris, See. 



THE NE »V J 





VOL. 



BOOOJVTOT, SEPTEMBER p, 1 r> 



jyo. 4 » 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BT 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
Boonton, Morris County, IVeiv Jersey. 

TERM S. 
Single copy 25. cents per annum, orfor 12. numbers. 
10. copies to one address for two dollars. 
All communications must be post paid. 



From the Emancipator. 
ADT ANTING SENTIMENTS OF THE AGE. 



gardisrn, it has nevertheless mad- the once strong sj Y 
of the North bow with mean ohse/piiousness before i 
and our senators and representative s cover at its in 
potent threats, ti!! a few brave spirits, brand- d as fans 
ics, and sornr of them at the last made such by th -l 
trials, arose and r call' d us to our ancient honor. 

It has destroyed our national- self-respect, made u- 
bush for our pretensions to liberty, and rendered us a 
" hissing anb a by-word " among the nations. We de- 
! iberntely say thbre is no parallel to it among *he civili- 
zed or semi-eiviliz"d communities of the earth. If it 

were to be ascertained tkat the government of China : King has ever been said in these papers that venie -Q 



ut they were drowned by repeated and ovev, helming 
, clause. It was a very successful experianeiit. I see 
iso tha; some of the young men at Jacksonville. I1L at 
.;:eir Commencement, so handled the 'peculiar •instiru- 
on' as to excite the wrath oi pro-slaverj men i&^thax ; 
ate. 

Freedom op the pres3. Each ef the grest Beuevt?- 
*nt societies has its oigan of cenmuuicntiou v itb its 
atrons. Usually this organ is a monthly jartptlet in 
■vhich the progress of the cause is u^ade k^own 'letters 
'.om agents and missionaries published, fccaroe any 



held, from spleen or interest, one of its great provinces 
with a population "f three millions, in precise! v tpp con- 
|We never doubted that, in the end, the simple truth jdition of our slaves, violating their domestic relations. 
LrtAe slants of the dated Sides ttrrjncn undo r brelh- j disposing of them as chattels, depriving them of the 

L would be received ::o fully. u.s to procure a genera/ ! gains of their toil, prohibiting all intetfectua/ develop- j slavery soeiety, the Missionary Herald, the official or 
sest to the fret and obvious contfasion, 1" wil that ri( t-nd. rn fin-, converting theia and their children, j ga n of the society said not a word about it, and uothir,; 

b 



a' a l likely to displease the slave-holders, wh'fle *e 
missionaries at the Sandwich Islands ielt a deep interest 
n slavery, held meetings on the subject, drew* up au 
Appeal to the American churches, and formed an am;- 



gr oasc involves the same rights and duties, both in j inexorable processes, into a hopeless exception to 
rmselves and in others fts would attach {<> other men | th " law« of development and pr gress which God 
i sin.i-ar circumstances. i has stamped on ihe dfstujies of the human race — the 

The inception of this inference is what is com.mon'y ! ''' s ovri T ° 1 '' ™eh an anosuah- would astound th<- world, 
llfed "ultra abolition." There arc few own of the n- j Any oii; ' rt wry quarter to break it up wou'd be 

olitionists themselves, who have comprehended the \ mnsidnred right— the sentiments of mankind would 
{scope of the tinth. Inpropurtion r.s they have nc- joonipol their governments to interfere with it in th*-ir 
auBceirod it, their feelings been enkindled, their ef- j negotiations— Ih^oiogiar.s would point to it ais proof of 
rts«al!ed forth. Ibo neeessitv of divine revelation — Christians v ouldat- 

dBie actual recoi'tion of the.tru,di that the slave is a l t " m V t to invade it with mfesioarws and Bibles— the 
vkand my brother, is a change of characU r on this sub.- i f, ' iend;5 liberty w ould furnish it with arms as they did 
Karinga resemblance to the change «.f religious yreew and Poland, for a revolution— to help men to es- 
Ufcctcr jtrod.'.-ctd by the actual recepttion of the '. ra P° 1 " rfim ;t would be cons'dered a holy service, and 
B that ./<*/<.< Christ is the Son of God & i/iy Saviour. !,{ "' s ' !0,lt of insurreeiiou coming fiom it would be re- 
Some portion of the Christian comninnity have fcU | spohiJed to by the voice oftlv civi isBejd world. Amer- 



jhatly scandalized, lately, by the utterance -of the doc- 
P£ in ti:e general association of Connecticut, that it is 



hi to 



behalf of American slavers, whatevi 



cJld be right to do for Americans w ho should h 
rid and < ! • ; 1 < < hi Barbary. 
Ifc rejoice ti at the time has arrived, when the 



isan Christians, look not to China for it--tb.ere is nene 
such there; it is under the banners and amidst the tem- 
ples of your own land ! 

Let it not be said, that it is a matter of necessity ; God 



would ever have been gathered from its pages to show 
that a single misionary detested American slavery. 

A similar course of conduct, has been pursued, by 
most of the other Benevolent Societies, for a succession 
of years. But after all this, it is cheering to see some 
indication t>f,awilltngn< ssin one at least ot'fhcs* societies 
to make known the opinions of its missionaries in oppo- 
siiisn to slavery. I note it as indicating tha. the shackles 
ara beginning to faU from the press. In the Fcrr.e 
Missionaiv for August we have the following in a com- 
munication from Rev. L. Foote, Si. Charles, 111. " tH* 
Anti-Slavery Soc. has been formed, in vhich most of ike 
members of our church Jecl a deep interest. " Also Rev. 
E- Colton, of Michigan City Indiana, writes « Good 
morals have been promoted, especially on the saGftct of 
temperance ; more interest is Jelt in behaif of the slate, 
and objects of benevolence gem ally occupy a larger plat e 
in the heart. " 

These societies, must begin to speak, and act t3C, 



ci- allowed such a«ire necessity to enter this world. | against the giant siu of our nation; or they will socn 



loose the confidence of a christian community. They 
have been pro-slavery, and silent as long as it is safe ior 
them. Even the political party papers will row very 



sup- ' '^ a . v r '°t that th re are mam Christians th»re, who r*- 
irt of such principle* does not rest upon the heads of liL ' v0 these abuses ; the- are but exertion* to the g 
§)T zealous pioneers, the foice of whose testimony j whole, and scarcely appreciable amidst the evil. Say 

iffbe weakened by branding them as fanatics. Men ! not things ; it is but the "sma 1 Mk " about the e- generally publish the proceedings of anti-slavery meet- 
itosiiion, publications speatking the voice of largi ! vil and good men have long since grown weary of it j Agitation at the south. _ Scarce a T\eek pass s 
jm of p»>opie, are now read\ not only to utter -he < It knows no mitigations, withes no lim Cations, bat is jbut we receive some evidence thet the slave pov ei iS 
^timent that ihv slave i/u man and my bro'/cer, but to stretching out its grasp at this*moment at all Centra 1 1 wounded in its very vitals. Like a wounded serpent it 

writhes and hisses, and exhibits its malignity by striking 
its fangs into its own body. The Virginians have inva- 
ded Ohio, and seized three of the citizens of that state 
and imprisoned them ; and the Georgians have impris- 
oned a schoolmaster from Massachusetts : all of thena 



Aw the contusion, that it would he right to do for him : America. 
hlcvir it Mould Ac rh;ht to do for others in like ^„ 

r of tise times. 

tiastances. j „ 

K 'cannot e^ss the emotions with which we | C°*v.zxtxox*. One of the most cheering indications 
lliust read an* elaborate editorial article in "Zion's i oI tue l )r0 S ress ol the Anti-Slavery cause is the grea 
of this date. This is the papor of the Meth- Liberty conventions which are being held in different 
wlEpiscoprd Church in New Etfigaud. It is c 



charged with favou ing the escape of slaves. A conven- 
iens of the country. One was held recently at Cincin- ( *ion,was recently held ar Port Tobasco, Md. to devise 
IkB v.-ith distinguished ability, by the Rev. Abel i liail ' ^* at v> ddch there were 3000 delegates present, means to secure their slave property. About the tame 
(■pens, who has never taken a verv active part i u j another at Port Byron \n£$. Y. audit is proposed to j time a band of nearly one hundred slaves marched off 
■ working of antislavery societies. The subject ot : ' !0 '^ an otlier in. Boston, f.ome time during : he latter part j in a body ; a part of whom succeded in reaching Canada. 
4artfele relates to the present position of that church' ! this month. The delegates to these conventions do ■ Northern men, are becoming more bold and determined 
■Wbe misguided efforts of some to cover over th ! some thing more than meet together and have a round . n helping their oppress" d brethren <>u' of bondage. The 
"fry and anti-slavery aspects of the 'ate separation.! 01 " hollow-hearteH declamation. They prepare aat 'act that Torrey, Fairbanks, Burr and Thompson, and 



fcthe course; of it, he takes occasion to give som 
views respecting the nature of American slavery, 
relations and duties growing out of it. We 
attention of those who informed the Rev. Mr. 
Jhat the principles of the Emancipator are viewed 
horrence by the pastors of New England, to rhe 
Wig brief extract from the article before us: 



AMERICAS SLAVERY 

[incarcerated some of our noblest young men and 
■ for doing what the Levitical law dmanded to- 
pthe escaping captive, and what, if d..rj C on the 
Barbary, wou'd commended by all good men as 
rcfcallv virtuous. It has corrup 
-roiBus principles, and is wrecking the great religiout 
w«8 of the laud. Strong oni) in iniquity and brag- 



ublish able addresses w hich are calculated to enlist the j others, languish in prisons does not seem to dishearten 
energies of all who love justice and liberty. In addidoi jotVrs in the least : it rather causes a noble spirit of 
to this, the conventions are addressed by the most pow 
ei ful speakers in the land : spirited resolutions are pass- 



ed, the strength of the party demonstrated , and th 
delegates go home to infuse a spirit of ren< wed act'vi \ 
among people in the sctions whete th^y reside. 

Freedom or speech. It is becoming not only allow 
able but quite popular at public exhibitions and on 
anniversary occasions to speak out agains' slavery. Ai 



mutation. The slaves are escaping in considerable 
numbers; the slave-holders are alarmed and enraged. 
Agitation is increasing from Maryland to Louisiana, -yea 
i en to Texas, and mere is no h°lp for it, in the present 
| state of things. It must go on, and increase, until 
avery ceases. God speed th" day. H. B. 



Ex-Gov steward deci .red, in his letter 

the late Commencem. n at Union College, Schenectada. I lo'the Cinciaati convention, that "the ab<. - 
one of the graduating class delivered agood anti-slavery j l 1(lon 0 f s j av erv is an object whose impor- 
; uoyaugooamenas fa I wa s informed that it was permitted as a sort L„ _ ■ n „ " tt .\ f , 1 " 

ted the church to its 1 ce i t .u L1 - • j w , . t , , tance is parmount to that ot every other 

lcu me cnurcn to its of feeler to th.- public mind. The subject of slavery , - , 3 

Texas annexation, &c. were hand! d ' in a bold an ^ wnicli engages or can engage the consider- 
faithful manner. There were some few hisses heard,! aticLCllLt ^n.tritai. j to^ie.'' ^n.fcll. 



: * 



CORRESPONDENCE. 
For The Freeman. 



' #i - 7o5 ad a vert Rearing meeting of tie Stat e Aoti 
■ ' rv shifty cn Thursday afternoon and cyeniag. 
, -ll mteresting speakers, and one admirable Liberty. 
- •ere present. After the report of the busmen 
• - nee, most oftpe afternoon was occupied by Rev. 
' = ' We Bourne of New York in speaking npon the sub- 
- It of th retrograde action of the Presbyterian church. 
/- Bonrne, was formerly settled over a Presbytery 
; htficE in Virginia, for seven years. He was then and 
has been ever since ; a most zealous advocate for the 
oppressed, . 1 should be glad to give you a good sketch 
f the speech with which he entertaiend, and instructed 
rV audience : but l ean only give some tilings, which 
he said in the course of it. He commenced by obser- 
ving that he was almost at a loss in endeavouring to 
, re 4w the events of thirty-five years ; but flu-tog * 



cher, who would tie Qp his staves-, both- boy* and gills, 
by their thumbs, to a rafler in the garret, so that they 
could oaly r«t on th.ir toe*, and whip them us long as 
ae pleased; then go to church, aud preach, leaving 
*«m tied up till he came home and then whip them 

again. . 

The meeting in the evening was also very interesting. 
Several liberty songs, were sung with great effect by 
Mr Ludlow Patton, sob of Rev. Dr. Patlon, of N. Y. 
The spirited song called " Get off the Track " appeared 
^ -» a^-rUett were made 



is to be du..:>.. • ©• «-•-.• , . , , 

Christ. This minister contended, that such was faut? 
meaning, and that he was. the slave of Jesus Chr^t 
Another slavf -holder on hoard the vessel, was so disgus- 
ted, that he declared he would not sj* ok lb that minister 
again during the pass*ge. H- B- 



THE FOLLOWING RESOLUTIONS WERE 
ADOPTED AT THE MEETING OE THE NEW 
JERSEY ANT1 SLAVERY SOCIETY ON THE 



Ecclesiastical Action. 



The spirited tjoag caiieu v»ot u« t«^ » v -~- . rf . l;r , naT 
to amuse the alienee highly. Speech* were made 28 ALGLST. 
ey Rev Wm. Pattoa of Boston, Rev. Amos A. Phelps,! 

and Lewie Tappen Esq, of New York- jj^r That siaveholding is directly opposed to 

offered the resolution declarmg it the duty ol .Northern . ^ Ch ^i, and ou<rht never to be tolerated or 

church*., to wthdraw fellowship, from all who are guilty J J ^ ^ ^ any church . 

of claiming property in their fellow men. rte sustaineo . R ^ • SUveholding hao n0 san cflon or ol- 

U in » forcible «d eloquent speech I ^> ^ance in the precept^ or the practice of the Apostol- 
been glad if .-very pro-slavery preacher m the land could, ( _^ _ . 
v lta*e hewd.gm, ts todwH^upoa ^ .^ttewwe mean- , ^ That flfc »e'«lW^*^.1* ttfr-taifc* 

ni^ht be.ihterestin g to those presentto hear ^oine ^ If^^g. He remarked, if I 1 allowably , . ^^^^ £ c A v ' car , 5n the action of 
whih hedfallen under his observatton ; tQ Ufie tha term noble, in connexion w.th things so *ea» , ^ Uhm J P ^ > ; ^ advauco 

deavonr > do so. « Thirty-six years ago" . he, wicW; he would say, it was a comparatively noble |\£ ' 6ml scnlin cot in the churches 

■J' I removed to Virginia. , h"#£**^£%* thing to go and seize a full grown man, on the co&d "J^K ^ ^ in{he FrccSltttcs 
that I was not in my element. The next monnng^ after S ^ ^ ^ chancc to defend himself, , ^ action of the lato 

^ started from Richmond, I had my first vie* of sla ^ & glav ^ what U is , t0 await the b.nh Res oh c c , Thjt ^ «^Q| 

wry. At the Tavern, where we stopped both mysel | her{? and then CDC e upon ^^^^3^ bas equal o^dencc 

my wife were particularly struck fjfc HtaJ . nd enslave it, in its utter helplessness. Yet the law j Umid , ont no c ^ this action be- 

mm '-t-een the mulatto slave ^^f^ ot ' the ,and, makes the first cose piracy, PO^MP^* , ; ***** Jj^any cTses, in which .be defenders and 
.ndthe white girls in the parlour. ^ ™ 0Bt ^ n ^ L^ging ; whiie the other, is not even regardclas a ba, £g g J Ul01 ,,er to maintain their position^ 

^axds, I had the second picture JJj^^cSw? to christian fellowship, except in a very few churches. 1 t0 lako gronnd and maintain doctrine* 

. me at a meeting of the 1 raster, ^crfem^ c()urgc of his remarUs , he reared to the con- ; ^ ^ ^ ^ couW evef ^hmce them 

One of th.-se Trustees, a Presbyterian Eldei, told aboul ! Rey . Dr Hamillon , .formerly of Newark; and,^ mannes . o; ^ ^ ^ ^ tW J 

a slave whom he had severely whipped ; and he was ^ wh o had said that he would as soo. 



ible to whip with severity, being a very stout man, 
: knd at the conclusion of the account, he turned to me 
, ft nd 9aid in my ear < Will you buy a nigger feller . -1 
t Wringing there yet. » Mr. B, remarked that he had 

^.slaves m*^£ ^ " iman to preach in his ^ 

after they had been whipped. He spoke oi f _^ r ^ ^ ^ 

.Id slave, ealled'Uncle Jack'who wasa Bapust preach- 
' er, and Vhose back was remirkab 4 ! yscrrred with the 

' ' % Bourne, preached plainly, aud faithfully, against 
the abominable oppressions around him. Before long 
however, he found his brother ministers of the 
Presbytery, coming down upon him for it. lhis set 
bim about preparing for his defence. But in doing , 
he was aware that it would be of no use to quote the 
testimony of the Bible. " J had had enough experi- 
ence " said he, " to know that the Bibkis of no authority 
. rn Ecclesiastical Bodies. 1 might be encased in all the 



duct of Rev. Dr. Hamilton,. formerly ot J NewaiL, ana, conscious of the desperatewssft of the: 

now of Mobile, who had said that he would as soon buy , «J ^ , 

a slave, as a leg mutton. Dr. Hamdton had . said this ; ^ ^ itl vicw 0 f jt he great criminality of 

to Rev. Albert Barnes, of Philadelphia .; and Mr. B, ^ , ^_ h M^, it is incumbent on the. cbnreh^ of the 
mentioned it, in his hearing, at. his father s table in , t0 withdraw fellowship from all who are gu lly 

New York -. adding, that he would not permit such . a . ? ^ propcrty in (heir fellow man. 

"is pulptt. ... ., : C. M. Clav. ; 

Rev. Amos A. Phelps, followed Mr. Patton. He; Ro .; 0 l vod , That those rc.^cr«6/c ctHtetis of Lexin* 
argued, that the Scriptures no wh-re give th\ir ^ction . ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ halids upon , Cassias M. Clay't 
to slavery. 1 presume his audience were tally sut.sh. J ^ aro j,, lihy 0 f B crhne of the btackesl a. 

that he Sustained his position. .. , f , 1 (r0 citv— that the deliberateness which eharai t-rizei 

Lewis Tappan Esq. made an ironical *£ cch ' ™f > 1 their procccdi a? s, iwtead; of mitigating,. iVH»rfully oug 
which the audience were highly amused. He said hat ( ^ ^ 9inr(% jt rfoVe& ^ oft to be, not th. 

he should occupy .the little time that remained, m aelen- ; ^ . rf ^ ^ of ^ tempomily ovennliug tl 
ding the southern clergjmen, against the attacks of L ho rf con9c fcfoe and reason, but of a most « 
these t ,o northern ministers, *h«> had beefl ^e^puTing ^^j, e0|wldered ejection of all author* 

them during the whole evening. Mr. PneTps tad been ; V ^ ^ , f ^ 
quoting Scripture; but the southern minister conk 



rolillcal Action. 
Resolved, That the Constitutional power of the Fee 



» h,m, to e«m.M the Cod&»». rf ^ ^ BWc for somc; lin „, M J , ra J, *^ 0 i ' . „ ,„ rrc „ M . ,hc chancer ot 1 

which H. old Doccr, with »- cprflljon, «M | B~> "J. J 1 ^™"^. rf Anltrkan 
.. thai he had quoted the wnag (MV I »• "* t B ^ ) . T |„,, , h ..» W „| bM il ooe of oor cooat I 

■ T^tloae a,.o» S the ""-^^E^^*^ ^« '« ~ »» *T " * 

the perpetrators of it to capital punishment ; Exod. 21 | Mr. Tappan lemarkea tmy «i ^ ^ _ w nf phiflrv t(} that pD<1 . 



to him, to exauiiue w«»»>"~ 

found, under Question 142, of the Larger Catech.sm,.n 
relation to the sins forbidden by the Eighth Command- 
ment, the following statement. 

" 1 Tim. 1 : 10, (The law is made) « for whoremon- 
*era for them that defile themselves with mankind, for 



the perpetrators of it to capital punisnmenw , »«~- - _| — • . J , #lftv cs a leg 0 f 

: 16 and the Apostle here classes them with sinners of saying that ^ t ^ ^ jshrd 9laten5cn t, of 

the first rank. The word he uses, in its onginaUmport, mutton.^ u ]k ^ fl , soon bniJ a shre 

as a horse. " 



oomprchends all who are concerned in bringing any of 
the human race into slavery, or in detaining them m it 
tiominum fares, qui servos re/ liberos ubducunt re.Unent, 
re.ndunt, tel emunt. Stealers of men are all those, who 
brin- off slaves or freemen, and keep, sell or buy thenu 
To steal a freeman, says Grotius, is the highest kind of 
theft. In other instances wc only steal human property , 
but when we steal or retain men in slavery, we seize 
those, who in common with ourselves, are constituted, 
by the original grant, lords of the earth. Gen. 1 : 26. 
Vid. Confession of Faith, Catechisms &c. Ed. Wilming- 
ton : i8or 



'.*£. ootther. ^iniatera," Said Mr. T, " o„ g ht to I » « I - ^ 

a i_ :. L il,,,.r cAnfni>ni * 



chifley to that end. 

EASTERN CONVENTION 
Resolved, That this society higb/y approve the pr 
posal for a great^Liberty Convention, to be h< lAt Rc 



•* 1 ncse nonuciu iun.'cvv.. u , , - , 

consider the inconveniences, to which the.r southern 
brethren would be subjected if they did not buy orfh.re 
slaves They would have to do their own house-work. 
They would have to cook and wash. And how would 
a Doctor of Divinity look, overja wash tub, washmg all 
sorts of things ? It might do well enough for Mr. Phelps, 
or Mr. Patton, who were not D. D. s, but it would nev- 
er do, to put doctors of divinity at such work. 

Said Mr. T, our southern ministers contend that slav- 



Said ;vir. ljum oyuunn' — 

T h !s 8 °»'coo,.„„dcd,hc m , .ha, tho-had 0 .thi„ g t„L, ia.anc.ioncd ,,y ^^^^i 



- ; 0 lvcd that this was no part of the Confession ot 
Faith, and that it should be left out of the future edit- 
ion*. The erasure was accordingly made ; and it has 
no beenifound an any. edition, published, since 
" B for : M sat down , Mr. Bourn, told us ot a prea- 



'clouios- iniiisint' " »«>»■•] - - . . 

He recollected meeting a minister on ship-board when 
crossing the Atlantic, who contended that such was the 
correct interpretation. . ■ It was replied to lv,m that th, 
.Vposth Paul says he was the » S erv^.(d|ul<pj^ 
Jesus Christ ; " and if 'doulos' means slave, then I aul 



FREQUENT MEETINGS 
Resolved, That the Executive Committee be r-qu* 
ed to take measures for holding general meetings 
least, once a month at such places as may be 
for the purpose in different parts ofthe state. 

Resolved That we recommend to County Soeieti 
»o cam into effective operation a system of ne.ghb* 
hood meetings' and that they procure places % appj 
ments for meetings and Speakers & Singers to atU 

them. ^ . . _ 

ORGANIZATIONS 

Resolved, Thar we recommend to the friend! 

form organizations in their sev ral count.es and ncf 

borh ods where none exist. 



lit who upholds oppression sban s th; jj™^ 



t 



m A *k- 



F ]VEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

Eoointov September 8th. 1845 



Hearts dead to the claims of man, cannot bo alive to 
the commands' or GSS : and religion cannot flourish on 
the ground where humanit withers. Keep. 



tf&The article in ©ur last, entitled, "Something that 
should b. looked into," and signed, "Arisen " should 
have been credited to the Richmond Whig. It was in 
Richmond that a "citizen " was so much alarmed at th,> 
cKistauce of a sabbath school among colored children. 



and John B. Clay son of Henry Clay & living in bis 
house was secretary of the mob committee of sixty that 
sacked the office of the TiucAmericrii ar.C published 
the pr-cedings of that committee with his signature af- 
fixed. Henry Cfay himself while the mischief is brewing 
thinkshis health calls for a visit to the springs, and among 
the whig friends of C M. Clay in Kentucky not one is 
found to stand up for him. Slaveholders are all alikr 
none of them are to be trusted. In reference to this mat- 
I or we feel the full force of the old saying "Whom the 
Gods Wtsh to destroy the. first deprive of reason," 
• They are every day eqgag.-d in some deb-stable acts, 
which show the desperate meanness of their cause and 
which will yet arouse the righteous indignation of al' 
<rood men, 

It is truo they have liberated Jonathan Walker with 

. ... »_ '.. .., « . . •. 1 IJl... 



MEETINGS m 

Rev. George ^BoiuriP, of Ketv York, 
(formerly of Virginia,) will Lecture on tha 
subject of slavery in the-£rev Church ir» 
Boonton, on -Saturday •• evening <Sfept. 13; 
preach on Sunday Jtntf~ ; Ledtu;e again on 
Monday cvchiiTg 15;. ' ; ; • 

A Goon Anecdote.— As the good Deacon A', on o 
cold morning in January was riding fi'y the, house of 
F., the latter was chopping Wood and threshing his 



One or two of our subscribers have complained tha 
the Freeman is not printed as plain as it should be. A 
few words w>e believe will explain all thisj es well as 
some other things,,connected with the paper. 

Until this paper was commenced, the abolitionists of 
..New Jersey had no paper in the state through which 
they could communicate with each other, get meetings 
made knowh',|and many other things that were indispen- 
f,ibie in the progress of the cause. The pro-slavery pa- 
pers-were constantly teWing the people tAa» slavery was 
a subject we had no right to meddle with, while their 
columns tecDled with misrepresentation and calumnies 
respecting our views and Baeasun s, no opportunity was 
jgivep the aggrieved ones of explanation or defence. 
When ah editor was asked to publish a notice of a meet- 
ins;, he would do so and then make some i vidently in 
t. ntional blunder in the day, hour, or place of meeting 
that'would confuse the friends of the slave and hinder 
their attendance, b'omc would promise to print, re 
ceive their pay for it, and then when too laletfor us to 
help ourselves, would refuse to do it, and hand back 
our money, Sq much have the abolitionists of this part 
of the state been imposed upon in this way that the ed- 
itor of the Freeman for one resolved, that he would no 
" Wre ask snch men to print . onti slavery matter. Ud- 

• tfer this «tate of filings .he commenced the Freeman; 
not with a view of furnishing the people of New Jersey 
with all the onti-siavery information they should have, 
hut to opeu a channel thyoUgh which the friends of the 
slave c . aid bs informed, of the time and place of meet- 
ings, as J soch other things os could be accomplished 
through its columns. Ho is not a printer, knows very 
litfte about the business, and the roce pts for the paper 
will no! ouablo bira to .bin the Work <:cneit'has 
.0 U done in bis ©w*. family, its the inidst of othr 

" rr duties cuoo?h to occupy the mind of any one man. 
Besides this tho Freeman Vws to be printed on a press 
oi domestic construction necessarily very imperfect. 
Alter this brief t^ptonation we trust onr friends will 

• be charitably disposed, and bear it hi mind at the same 
toe that it is with difficulty that we can. get a moment 
of time to devote to the editorial department. 

Now cannot each of our subscribers get at least one 
m«rr, and, send; us "n tho money free ' o 
This will enablo us to hire some of the w °rk 



It is true they have liberated Jonathan - - » j d ^ ****** 

his branded hond,& Alanson Work; but it shouldbekept J » 



.n view that Bnrr, Thompson, Fairbanks Torrey Lane 
and many other are lying in their prisons still, three in 
Virginia dragged with voiolence from Ohio, and bow 
they have undertaken to hide their meanness by destroy * 
ipg liberty of the press Eet them continue this busin - 
ess and the righteous indignation of ali good men in tb»- 
and every other Country will be upon them, and the end. 
of slavery be speedily brought about. 

It "is the opinion of many that that the sickness of 
C. M. Clay was seized upon by the mob as a fa« ottra 
ble time to accomplish what they did not dare u d r ak< 
while he was in health. This moi. differs from mo., 
other mobs. They are generally set in motion by wire 
workers who accomplish their wicked design and keep 
out of s ighU 

In this case the leading influence of both tho great 
political parties of the State openl- took the lead, made 
speeches read resolutions and addr< sses, said and did ev- 
erything that was nessary to k- • p th< thing in motion till 
their nefarious designs were accomp ished. Wr hold 
them responsible for the tarring and feathering of inoffen- 
sive citizens which followed. 

There js another most humiliating reflection produced 
by this outrage, and that is theNorrh-n Press, with 
few exceptions as usual in such cases do not come out 
and condom then-proceedings in an unequivocal man 

It is true they have generely declared mobbing t- b 
wrong, that lawless outrage had been committed, an- 
various ways found fault with Marshal, Metca f- 
their law'ess herd; but they have in the same coin; 
insinuated that "it was just wha* might be exp*c: 
"C M. day 'was imprudent,'' "he had no business 
print abolition paper there" "abolitionistts aie to blame, 
and num. rous other declarations and insinuations, th* 
tendency of which is to make the mobocrats think the\ 
have done a smart thing, and that they ha>e the sym 
pathies of the great mass of the people of the country, 
North as well as South. If a m- < ting is got up in th 
free States for the purpos- of expressb g a just indigna- 
tion at the outrage, it is to be done by the abolition- 
ists while the great mass of others are as still, as if noth- 
ing had happ ned, excopt to ridicule these meetings. 

WhatC. M, Clay will do we do not know, but we 
believe that if he sun s his sickess under the exciting 



ed, the severity of the weather - : briefly discussed, and 
the horseman made demonstration'of passing on, when 
his neighbour detained him with "Don't" be. in a hurry, 
Deacon; wouldn't you like a glass Of'ggpd old Jamaica 
this morning?" "Thank you kindly," said the old 
gentleman, at the same time begiriing to' dismount with 
a'l deliberation of aDeacon; H don't' care if I do." 

"•Ah, don't" trouble yourself to get off, Deacon," said 
trie wag, "1 merely ask jot; for information; we haven H a 
drop of mm In the heuse. 



From the Cincim.ati Herald. '' 

LIBERTY VOTE IN INDIANA. 

{j^>Wc have been waiting some time for the news- 
papers in Indiana to give us information concerning the 
Liberty vote. But, the', are: silent. We: '6ope that; 
the Liberty men. in Indiana willrgiVe us- immediate in- 
telligence. Let some one who knows, in every county, 
transmit to us, the accurate returns. "They .can easily 
be obtained. A few items have reached us . from dif-. 
ferent quarters. 1 ' '. , 

In Marion the Liberty candidate for Congress recei- 
,ed 51 votes. Last November, {hrpey received 25. 

Wayne gives 403 for A- W! Lewis, '(Liberty,) tho 
highest on his ticket. • 

In Tippecanoe, Doming received 75; ''last November, 
'he vote for Birney was 37. 1 ' . - 

Elkhwfie. — Pemipg, 31 ? .. . Last November, for Bir- 
jj« y, one. .. .. 

In Randolph, Dan'i 1 Worth's vote stands, 171, 35 
s than the Liberty vote last fall. 
Johnston. — Senatorial vote, 54; average' vote 33. 
:.itst fall, 15. - . ••' !' 



postage 

done , our paper will be. better printed, better edited & j iu fl uel3ce avoun d him and cannot poceed with his pap 
double the number of people will receive a little Anti- | ^ Kenluc ky ; t ; 9 his duty to follow his press where the 
Slav.-.ry News. The Freeman shall live until New • mob ha§ gent it and from that p | aCP j Pt tho Slaveholders 



Jersey can afford a better. 



hear his thunder aginst slavtrj louder than evr, and we 
! belii ve he will do s o 



Our readers are apprised no doubt before this time < 
the ra vements in Kentucky among the slaveholders i 
reference to C. M. Clay's True American. 

The sam ■ chivalric citizens of Lexington that coui. i 
imprison and fine vliss Webster, have taken advantage oi 
Mr Clay's sickness, pecked up his Press type &c. 
and sent them on to Cincinnati where they have arrived 
in very bad condition. 

The Whigs have been endeavoring to show that it 
is all a vv *k of the Loco Focos, but the accounts show 
that both the old parties have participated in that detest- 
able business with about equal guilt. 

A whig presided at the great rnob meeting the Loco 
T F ftfarshel read a engthy address to the citizens, 

1 1 V. h ig t x Govtmc 1 Met£a<t made a leqgthy tfxxdm 



CO UNTY CONVETIONS. It is time the friends 
of liberty began to think about conventions forming 
Tickets ior the Nov. Election. W- shall issue the next 
paper the 1st. of Oct., and will be glad to insert notices 
for such conventions in any counties in th- State. 

Let this matter not b d layed; there should^ b a 
Convention in every County m the State and a Ticket 
formed . 

Just God ' behold a negro's woe, 
Th> whit man's sin forgive ; 
Open his heart thy love to know, 
To bid hk> broth r live. 



'Decency' The New Y or If Express, a 
leading Whig paper, of July 17th; contains 
the following in relation to Mr Birney and 
the Liberty party Q f course/Liberty men 
respect themselves too much to reply tn 
such language: — Bangor GazettQ. 

'If Birney and his accursed clans were 
huno; on the topmost crags of the Cordilleras, 
or hu led alive into the burning craters of 
Potocatepetl they would be but receiving 
the fare their foul treason to humanity de- 
serves.' {. 

At the time of the admission of Florida 
as a Slave State, there wt re 27, Whigs in 
the U. S. Senate — a majoiity of the whole 
body. Yet this new Slave State was ad- 
mited, only vine Senators voting against 
it ! So much for zeal'of the "true Liberty 
Party" in resisting the ^lave Power Mr, 
Woodbridge, to his credit, voted nay But 
what about -Senator PcDer, whom his 
Whig friend* would so much rejoice to have 
as a candidate for (iover or Did tier 
Porter vote yeal Will tin Advertise 
form us?-- 8ig of ■'Liberty 

Touch no dramjit is liquid ire. John Wu-ky. 



X 



POETRY. 



From t/ t ^ C'ncinnali Marvin Herald. 
THE LIKE H TV .llt.fl I\ 

Our brother, lo! w come,! 
But not with sounding drum 

come to thee, 
No bloody flag we bear; 
No implements of w-ir, 
Nor carnage red shall mar 
Our Victory. 

Our flag is spotless white, 

Our watchword, Freedom's Right. 

To all be given." 
Our emblem is the Dove;' 
Our weapons, Truth and Love; 
Our Cap'.ain, God abovii 
•Who rules in heaven. 

Behold! Salvation's King, 
, On the dark tempest's wing 

In haste come down! 
Oppression's cheek is pale, 
And despots blanch and quail ;— 
The parting clouds reveal 

Jehorah's frown! 

Exult, ye valleys, now! 

Ye Melting mountains, flow 

To meet your King! 
L'-t Slavery's kneli be rung! — 
Oppression's dirge be sung/ — 
And" every bondman's tongue 
Of freedom sing ! 
troy, 0., July, 1845. 



Pr posals an made by Wm D Parish of No 4 
North 5th Street Philadelphia -o publish the Life of 
Benjamin Lundy This is as it should be, the services 
rendered to the cause of universa liberty b Mr Lundy 
should never be forgotten. Let subscriptions be sent m 
speedily in order to insure its publica'ion without delay. 
We believe the price is 75 cents 



THE REFORMER, This is the title of a New 
; Weekly paper the specimen number of which has just 
j been issued by H^nry Peterson, at 187 Market Street 
j Bhiladolphia, devoted to liberty and other reforms. It 
i is an excellent paper and should be well patronized. It 

'■i a good size and well executed. The price is Two 

Dollars a year. 



sV^Birney has been nominated by his 
"""^ fiilowtTs in Michigan as their; 



candidate for Governnor. Alter his impor-j 
| lant service in aid of the • It and Texas 
' coiispiricy, can the 1 „oeo F »»•< »S he so cruel j 
j as to refuse him their support ? — [ Tribune. | Cla . 

Answer. — ''We do not scruple to char- 
acterize such insinu -tions as unworthy of 
i»>f any m*n of right princi dev and honor- 
able bearing." — ['\ M. Clay. 



ANTI-SLAVERY TRACTS. The following 
tracts are on hand and for salt- a: this office, by the Lib- 
erty Association. 

Condition of "Living. 
The cause of Hard times. 
Influence of Slave power 
One more appeal to Christians fe Churches. 
Bible Politics. 
Jewish Servitude. 
Smith & Clarkson. 
Persons he/d to service. 
Loyal National Repeal Association. 
Duties and Dignities of American Freemen. 
Ill Treatment of People of color in the U. S. 
Testimony of a Southern Witness. C. M. Clay. 
The lawlessness of slavery. 
Poems on S/avcry by Loagfellow. 
The Missouri Compromise. 
" Smiths Constitutional Argument. 
Twa cents Postage 

Addrcrs to the. People of Kentucky by C. M. 



L«vi. 



» A. fugitive alave, in <<n address at Port 
L»yron. .V V., the other day, said that a 
minister who "could spend the twelv months 
wi liou. opening his mouth for the slave, 
.oust be ctllege-made, money-called, and 
devil- sent." 



The American and Foreign Anti slavery Society 
ka* made preparations to do a good work for liberty 
the comming year. 

The Rev. A. A. Phelps of Boston is engaged , an 
gent and Editor of the Anti Slavery Reporter. Th> 
Reporter is an excellent paper puhibhod monthly at 
118 Nassau street N. Y at $ 6,30 a rear for a sin r i 
copy. 5 copies to one address for $ -,<)') 10 copies j» 
3,50. and 50 copras for $ 1D.50. puhcriptions Will lie 
received at this office. 



Stray Minister! — $400 Reward. 

The N. Y. Tribune coutains the following: 
A late Kentucky paper contains an advertisement, 
offering a reward of $400 for the recovery of a "negro 
jaan named Richard," who is 40 years old, reads and 
-.nv.es ver wll, is a preacher and has a license to ex- 
ivi, endorsed b the Elder of Stone River Circuit or 
Murfreesborough Station. The advertisement states 
i ! iul he preaches and sings well, and it is supposed he 
v, ill try to make his living in that way. The crim 
for which he is advertised is two-fold— he is black .and 
■•\ as born contrary t> the Declaration f Independence. 
~V.rna.ps he has some wild notions of his responsibility 
;is a preacher, and is inclined to give a too literal con 
;:truction to the. passage, ^Go ye into all the world, &t. 
is not liiis n great Country, where, preachers of the #v- 
i rlasting gospel are advertised like stray cattle? 



E A S T R\ 
COJV EN f 10 N . 



ANECD*OTE. At the recent peace convention at 
Portland, Gen.Fesscnden took ->ccasiou to relate the 
circumstances of his conversion to peace principles - 
He had formerlv been a military man and had passed 
throngh all the grades of oilice, from a corporal up to 
commander of a ful division. He was, on a certain 
occasion, going to a military review, riding in full dress 
regimen als, when he happened to meet a Quaker ac- 
quaintance. The latter did not aqpear to notice him 
as he approached, until he came so near that he was <>- 
blged lo cneck hish>rso, to avoid running against him. 



? 9 ? ¥ 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE 



Myron Finch and Thomas A. Weed have opened sn 
office for the sale of Anti Slavery Books, Pamphlets 
Tracts fee. at 118 Nassau Street, New 'York, Let them 
be well patronized. 

Temperance Houses. 



ALBERT GfUBNEE, Peterson. 
Please forward the names, and thus favor a temper- 
The honest Quaker then looking up to him with a pe- 1 ance community. 

culiar significance, ' Friend Fesscndcn, has thee not thy : ; 

Christian armor on ? ' The*e words struck him acute- ■ 

'v. for he was then a professed disciple of Christ ; and \ CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
while riding in the fi. Id and reviewing his troops, with ! TION Is a small hook published by JOHN KEEP 
a multitude of bristling bayonets b fore him, he though j Pastor of a Congregational Church m Ohio. K Should 
of 'he old Quaker and his Christian armor! from that byroad by every body. A few copies for saWat tbe 
m be lost his interest in military afiairs, and no* j Freeman Office. Boontou. N. J. 

anks araonj the most zealous advocates ofthec.auf> ' ■ 



j of peace . 



ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For sate at (he Office of 
the Freeman, Boonton, N. J , 



.Tt is now decided that this great convention is to h 
! M in Bn.on on W ■ inesday the First day of Oc** • 
1845 at 10 o'clock. A. M. • 



Cutaneous Democracy. 

I endorse without reserve, the much «- 
Th Call issued is signed by individuals from ad uV j bused sentiment of Gov George McDuffie 
New England 'States, New V .rk, New J * % " n ' , hat SLAVERY IS THE CoR Erf Stqsr ->P OU 
nsylvania and Delegates arc invito 1 from other Stat"-. ... 
R e"l specified in the call. tPUBUCAN EDIFICE while / repudiate as m\, 

Thiaiwil' be a great Electing convened far gi*» uloVH & absurd, that much lauded but. n 
purposes; may iibe great in its results j where accredited dogma of Thomas Jeffri 

Wc trust S, Jersey will be r-spectably rcpr-. q | that all men are born equal " 

ted there, All should go that can. • " „ r , 

(-«ov Hammond, or S. L. 



ft is an incontestible truth, that there i.- 
more !i;ivoc made in one year by men, than 
has been uvuic by all the lions, timers, pan 
ihera; leopards hyena?), rhinoceroses, eh- 
phants, bears, and wMvt\s. since thi beg'n 
ning of the world " — Ehrwd. Burke. 

With all thy soul love God above, 

And aft Ji ;vh' thy neighbor Iovp. 



"Take the Liberty Party. They stand by ( 
i.ieCons ituaon in iu wuole letter and spn ! 
it, and are for legal and equitable reform ' 
uly. ' — astsifis M. Clay. 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

\ few copies of Clark's Liborty M nstr 1 are f»r 
<a « at 'hi- ofih-e. 

Tnis is sup rior to any thing <-f 'be Mnd we have 
en and *h mi be in t >e ooss'-ssion of every one 'hat 
ves 'ood nisi'', and loves to nakc a good useof it. 
Price. 44 Cfnts. 



i .<mton ilasltington Tcmpu uncc Bcncv- 
lc.it Society, — meets every Monday evc- 
,ug in the Free Church. John Uaxlield, 
/'/ trident, Fredrick Stone, Hecraary. 



"From every clime beneath the skeis, 
Brotaned by Slavery's cuain, 
The prayers of captive mi ions rise; 

And shnll ihaj, p cad in vain 



i Boonton Liberty Association. — meets the 
| irst Friday evening of every mouth. 
; j I >,\\in% J'.csidcnt, C.B. Morris, Sec. 



THE NE 





MAE 



VOL. 2^ ■ 

THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES. Editor a\d Proprietor. 
Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey. 



i)ONTON, OCTOBER •, W 



NO. 5. 



nominal Christians, in a 'and of liberty and 
law! While writhing in the nudist of the 
flames, and struuling in tlv 1 agonies of death 



meeting, as well as my previous handbills addressed to 
tlie people, that this «tory is calumnious; end morally 
impossible. It is enough that th<- Committee of Sixty 
have authorized the Lexington Observer and Reporter 



his murderers were making the welkin to state that no such proposition came from me or any 



TERMS. 
Single copy 25. cents per annum, orfor 12. numbers. 
10.. copies to on° address for two dollars. 
All communications must be post paid. 



A THRILL! \ G I \ I DE N T. 



ring with obscene jests and blasphemous 
[oaths! 

I Should the Misionary Herald report such 
ja scene from heathen shores, what a sensa- 
tion would have been produced ! Mow many 
hearts would swell with indignation aginst 

savage perpetrators and what an impulse 
So long as individual Chrisik.ns can be woultl be given to C } n . istian zeal in al ; the 

found, and even ecclesiastical assemblies, j churches, to send those benighted people the 
who doubi whether slavery is sinful, it may |,, ( , spel ofpeacc! But vvhen perpetrated by 
be prohtablo to keep beilnc the people | ourofVn citizens, within the jurisdiction of 
*uch incidents as the following:—!;. <- iU- ! 0 ur own human laws in a Christian city.and 
zcn - j within the hallowed precincts of Christian 

'A Colored man by the name if Mack- ; churches, wit-; effect dose it produce? only 
intosh employed as a boatman upon the j one editor of the bloody city, dared mention 
Mississippi, him self free, had a Wife in bond- j the fact in a tone of condemnation; and he 
age at St. Louis, was cruely treated, as 
mc/si slaves are. On a visit to his wife. 



paid the forfeit of his penalty with his life! 
4, The next day, the Rev. Mr. Lovejoy who 
wa&if publishing a religious paper in St 
Louis, hearing of the disgraceful scene 
walked out to see the spot. He there found 
among others a large collection of boys a- 
musing themselves by throve ing stones at 
eer stale,. Mackintosh defended himself as I the skull of the murd. red Mackintosh! O- 
who would not? The slaveholder called tq j verwhelmed with sorrow and indignation 
aid constables who undertook to arrest this j he turned U ! his stud >"' aud P enned : ' . dc 



learning what she had suffered, by good 
motives he ventured to go to Iter Master 
aud remonstrate with him on ;he real- 
ine'it of his wife. The slaveholder under- 
took to'chastize him on t he spot, in true over* 



of my friends. This attempt, therefore, to degrade me, 
on the part of those who failed to destroy me, is of a 
piece with this whole outrage of cruelty and wrong, as 
I shall be able to show as soon as my health will allow 

I hope I shall be able to show that I am neither a 
"madman" nor a "lunatic." 

They who sent hack from Themopylas the sublicaa 
message, "Go tell it at Lacedamon that we died here ia. 
obedience to her laws" — the Roman who returned to 
captivity and t<i death that his country might be saved — 
Sydney, Hampden, and Russet— Emmet, who uttered 
the mighty instincts of a great soul, "the man dies but 
his men.ory lives" — Adams who exclaimed " Survive 
or perish I am for the declaration" — Henry who cried, 
"Give me liberty or give me death" were all, io tie 
eyes of these men, "madmen" and "fanatics-" 

It was necessary that some one should bear the stan- 
dard of Liberty into the enemy's camp, and by so doing, 
whether he stood or fell, arouse this great nation firocs 
the lethargy and death, which have come over the spir- 
it of a once free people. It has been the policy of wise 
statesmen ; n all ages, to clothe the humblest citizen with 
the concentrated power and inviolability of the whole 
empire. It was enough for one amidst the w ildest bar- 
barians to say, "I am a Roman citizen," and he was 
safe. No country in Europe is so careful of individual, 
and national glory as Fiance, the first nation of Europe, 
and England, but a few years ago, was ready to per:! 
her thirty millions of lives on the rescue of a single sub- 
ject. It cannot, therefore, be less than madness in the 
American people, if they expect long to live as a nation, 
and not to fall an easy sacrifice to foreign aggression, or 

/. c . r , ., V"' j SCl'ipti.'-n of the whole transaction which ! or internal anarchy and despotism, to look coolly on, 

freeman guilt v of no crime, but that of in- , . r ,.. , * •_. j, , „ , !„.„,.„„ , 7,",, ' r J -. 

• . ibeing published kindled another flanie that j wheneven the numblcst oftnose contea ding for consti^ 

Ournngdang r (or hlSOWnwile.Hcresisted| wasqiR>nrhedonlv by the murder of Love- tutional and national honor are overborne and 

and in the scuitie that issued one of the con- Jj 0 y himself! " ! tram P lcd down in the battle.— Surely that nation cannct 

stables was killed. — Mackintosh Was 'bound ' " j live long, far less be free, that sees time after time, 

dragged awav to prison, and locked up in j Letter from Cassius IH Clay. | whatever of spirit and manly independence may any- 

a IHon's cell." At the dead of night the en I Lexincton, Ky. Sept. 4th, 1845. M**" C f ,blt ^ hed and utterly extinguished. 

T »AA tri| . : , n) , " Ctn \Benj.Umn, Same, S Glascoe, Jacob Ernst. Other n tW >"° U then and thc P e0 P lc of Cincinnati, my 

raged popnl ,ce, uil U iron bars, sledges and I mw> Geo. W. Phillips, R. G. Mhch.il. JamJ «^-**«». ™* gathered under the same national 
picks, repareu to the prison and commenced j Calhoun. j Constitution, to w hich I owe allegiance, and which 

moving the" walls, stone after stone I Gentleman : I have iust received your letter of th j owes me protection, brothers of the same blood, inherit- 
was loosed from its bed and the enfuriatt d - 7th uIt - enclosing the proceedings of the citizens o, I the same recollections of the past, and looking in the 
rabble with horrid oathes and imprecation- i Cincinnati nnd their resolutions in public meeting 



Their words of kindness and generous pnreciation 
Simmered revenge; and With the zeal plfU noble- and dignified avowal, have moved me mo, 
devils iTItarnale Urged <m the hellish Work j the studied cruelties and wrongs of my enemies, thougl 
When at leng h they got sight of there ! 1 was unnerved by diSeasej and threatened for long day* 
victim a savage veil rent the air such a: , H nights, with a horrible death 

I 1 thank vou that vou have not allowed the calumnious 

would do honor to the nether pit. | manifesto of the revolutioil!Sls of lhe 18th of Augus: 

Mackinto-h was seized and dragged from jto weaken you- confident* ir my loyalty to the Costi- 
out the enclosure of the law, and thence jfuuon and laws. 1 thank you that you have seen no- 
taken out of the precim ts of the city i hin S in thp P ast 0 causo - vou t0 losc confidence in the 

A Stake Was erected the victim was '"'"'•<•> that mv « measures and m ans "will be - saf-, 

made fast to it, a pil of faggots was laid 
ar und, the infuriated moV, eager to glut 
their vengence in the blood of an innocent 
man, formed a circle, and a torch was ap 
plied. 

Can the history of Paganism present a 
bh ker scen^ 1 Those scenes of savag 
Da barity the recital of which has so often 
made our youthful blood run cold are inno- 
cf-o recreations compared with cold blood - 
jrder perpetrated by the hands of 



'^ctical and p 'acab e." I thank you, that you deem 
\r)\ ^fwork high and hoh ," and for the reverent and 
oul-sustaining invocation of Divine protection on me 
and r^n it. 

You, gentlemen, have taken me on trust ; the tinv 
for my defence will come vith my re-established health, 
when, I venture to say, your se nt^nce will not be revo- 
ked by "Kentucky and the world." 

I shall allude to onlv one eharsre coin" the rounds of 

v ODD 

the papers — that there was a compromise between m. 
and the Rebels of the 18th, and that I agreed to discon- 
tinue the publication of the True American, provided 
they would spare the press. It is unnecessary for me 
to say to you who have seen my letter addressed to the 



future to the same inseparable destiny, that you have 
not cowered before the slave power ; but that you stood 
by the friendless, the powerless, the fallen,' and dared to- 
*peak out for constitutional republicanism and eternal 
!ustice, which have been violated in my person. Above 
aP, am I deeply affected by the fact, that you assembled 
; n "mass meeting" without distinction of party ; and as 
and as both parties here lost in overwhelming subservi- 
ence to slaverv, so you of the Free States begin to unite 
iri the defence of your rights and in the cause of nation- 
al liberty. 

If the Whigs and Democrats and Liberty Men shall 
become really what they assume, then is half my 
"work" aceomplised, and the repuclic safe — for though 
my State should sink into irrevocable despotism, there 
there will be left somewhere on this wide continent, a 
home for the exile and the oppressed. 

With regard to the Press, I would briefly remark, that 
my banner "God and liberty" will never be struck. 

Though overpowered by numbers, I have the saiuo 
unconquerable w ill and defiant spirit, as though the day 
had not gone against nie. It is for those who fight for 
the wrong, to despair in defeat. 

I shall not "die through mortification" es my enemies 
would have it. t tru^t I shall yet live to see those wh. . 
on the lSih of Au?uht, l846,rog^Snarms, erverpewesed 



m 



\ 



> v civil authorities and overthrew the constitutional 
liberties of the State, and established on its ruins an 
irresponsible despotism, hurled from their usurped pla- 
x:s of fanci<*3 security, and Kentucky yet made free. 

If, hou ever, this be a vain hope, still I w ill not repine, 
! for I should feci prouder to have fallen with her honor, 
and to have ingloriously triumphed with my enemies, 
over the grave of the liberties of my country. With 
gratitude anp admiration, I am your friend and obedient 
rvant, C, M. Clay 



Self Marriage. 



A couple had been living together, as man andwif 

In Philadelphia, for some time. — The gentleman — per- 
haps becoming tired of the incumbrance — refused snp- 

port his reputed wife: She instituted a suit to obtain 
iier share of his worldly substance. The defence was 

hat they were nut legally married. It appeard that no 
•clergyman , or minister of law, officiated at the mar- 
riage" ceremony; but that the parties acknowledged j the Washingtonian movement, in 
themselves man & wife in the presence of witnesses. 
This Judge Sargent decided to be legal marriage, am 
brded ihc husband to give seenrity for the payment of 
$ 10 per week for the support of his wife. With this 
decision the husband refused to comply, and was im 
prisoned for eomtempt of court. He was subseqnen • 
v; brought before the court, backed by an extraordinary 
- ombination of legal talent, on aplication for adischarg . 
3ut all to no purpose; the judge was inexorable. 

The decission is not new. This interpretation of Il- 
ia w was estableshed in England many years ago, air 
a law pro' iding for marriage in this form was adop ! 
in South Carolina in 1609, "in order that none mig 
>,.: hindered in so necessary a work," "there being n. 
ministers." 



EXTKAV agance in churches. 

New York seems to be seized with a rage for fine 
< Lurches. The New York Sun says it is rumored 
that St. Paul's church, a venerable edifice in that city, 

I j bo pulled down, and an edifice as magnificent as 
Trinity church to be erected in its place. Men never 
attach more importance to the externals of religion, 
*han when they have lost its inward life. The true 
* imple of God is the sincere and humble heart. When 
C is displaced from this temple by Pride or Worldli- 
r ' . then it is the man deilghts in decorating temple.-* 
ma c with hands. It would do well for some of these 
; V w Yorkers to re-member the woe pronounced upon 
'. em who made clean the outside of the enp and pla - 
•' : but Within were full of defilement. Cin. Herald 



■ Ehe torpor and positve crimes ef so many professors 
-of Christianity, especially with regard to slavery, have 
in::ck- mole infidels in this country, than all the false 
philosophy and thought ess sneerj of had men pnt to- 
gether. 21ie cause of Christianity is betrayed in the 
housi of its friends." 

Tits above paragraph is taken from C. M. Clay's 
True Amricaa, and it is true to the very letter Tht 
c >urse pursued by a large majority of American min- 
is :rs and American churches on the subject of slavery, 
has done more to establish infidel principles, than ail 
t he Paini . , Voltaircs and Rosseaus that ever lived; and 
• rt iionc :irc denounced with more bitterness as infidels 
tbauarc -J'A those who dare to question the infallibility 
fthos churches and ministers. It is not to be won- 
dtfrcd that uudcr such circumstances honest men 
;-hould<bc found at war with the church. They must 
ft tfctj nature of the case, for honest men must disowu 
. u h cfayrches as the churches of G"d, and such minis- 
t ::• -3. tV: true Ambassadors of God. They will yet bo 
wei :hc 1 in the balance and found wanting. 



To Gild access to the mercy seat, men must duly re- 
..;*.•!«'■' claims of the poor and needy, and take part 
with the weak against the Ptroiig — with the oppressed 

■'• ••» r :j-y Krrp, 



FIRST ANNUAL MEETING. 
Horris C ounty Washington Temperance 
Society. 

The first annual meeting, of the Morris County 
Washington Temperance Society, was held in the Pres- 
byterian church at Parcippany on Thursday Sept. 18 th. 
in ihe afternoon and evening. The President, Dr. J. 
Grimes of Boomon was in the chair. The meeting 
was opened with prayer by Rev. Henry Belden. 

A song appropriate to th> occasion, was then sung by- 
Mr J. M. Brown; after which a resolution was passed 
inviting all the friends of temperance present to partici- 
pate in the me- ting. 

The business committee introduced the following rcs- 
jiutions, which were discussed during the remainder of 
.he afternoon, by Messrs. Sayre, Dr. Fairchild, Belden, 
Grannis, Bradley, Brown, am others, and unanimously 
idopted, at the close of the evening session. 
Resolved, That the great success, which has attended 

i is land, is to be 
tributed, so far as human instrumentality is concerned, 
• the spirit of kindness, which has characterized it from 
le commencement. 

Resolved, That those objections, sometimes urged 
igainst our enterprise, which are founded on the fact, 
hat some violate their pledge; are entirely unreasonable. 
The pr sentation of such objections, has the appearance 
at least, or a want of philanthropy. 

Resolved, That the sole object of this society is, and 
ver ought to be, the promotion of temperance ; to this 
>bject alone, all our efforts, as an association, onght to 
invariably and perseveringly directed. 
Whereas — It is the duty ofeverv friend of temperance 
■ .6" all proper means for the suppression of the vice 
. intemperance; — and whereas, there is but little hope 
at accomplishing this, until the traffic in intoxicating 
drinks is entirely stopped ; — and whereas, according to 
the genius of our government, it is right, and it is the 
duty of even citizen, ^to express, and enforce, his vir- 
tuous sentiments, by means of the ballot-box : Therefore 
Resolved, That we wil vote for such men, and forsuch 
only, as are in favour of the immediate and entire sup- 
pression of the traffic in intoxicating drinks. 

Resolved, That all laws licensing or protecting the 
traffic in intoxicating brinks, ought to be repealed, while 
all prohibitory statutes now in force ought to be contin- 
ued in operation. 

Resolved, That the practice now becoming somewhat 
common, of removing the Bar in Taverns, from the 
front room on the first floor down into the cellar, is to be 
hailed as an indication of the powerful influence of that 
public sentiment, which is frowning destruction upon 
the unhallowed business. 

Resolved, That those landlords, who let out their 
houses to be occupied as rnm-shops, are as really res- 
ponsible for the miseries which are entailed upon their 
neighbours as the rum-sellers themselves. The partak- 
er is always to be regarded as bad as the thief ; and th 
man who, for the sake of a few more dollars rent, is 
willing to hire out his tenements for rum-shoqs, is as 
guilty as the person who stands behind the counter, and 
for the sake of three, cents, poisons a man, and sends 
misery and starvation into his family. 

In the evening Mr. Alexander We'sh of New York, 
delivered a very entertaining address, and temperance 
songs were sung by Messrs. Martyn and Brown. The 
following 'ist of officers was then chosen for the ensuing 
year. 

Rev. H. R. Hedges President. 
Vice-Presidents, Silas Tuttle, D. Dehart, Geo. W. 
Esten, G. L Woodruff, and S. A. Condit. 

Corresponding Secretary, Jacob Blythiug. 
Recording Sjbretary, John Grimes. 
Treasur r, G. W. Esteu. 



Executive Committee, J. Bly thing, B. B. Gris cr >ld, 
S. A. Condit, F. Stone, Ed .ard Howell, H. P. 
Green, T. Riley, M. Evarts, J. Maxfield, J. Grannis, 
and i. Mc Gee. 



SIXENCIN© A WHIG. 

Mr C' dding, of Illinois, in a letter to the Chicago Cit 
izen, giv> s the fo lowing account of the manner in which 
he silenced a whig who charged the Liberty party with 

having elected Polk: 

1st. That the issue between the two parties on tLo 
subject of Texas, was not Texas or no Texas, but im- 
mediate or ultimate ami xation. But dropping this and 
admitting that was the issue, and that the Liberty party 
had the balance of power and could have elected Clay 
<ndhav ke.pt out Texas, they where not so guilty 
as the Whigs. Reason: — If three a-d two are fiv , so 
are two and three five. My friend asserts. Well,theri 
if the Whig party and the Liberty party added to it, 
could have i lect d Clay and kept out Texas then the 
Liberty party and Whi b party added, could ha v. elected 
Birney and have kept out Texas. But not only would 
the Libeity parti have kept out Florida as a slave State 
and Iown as a negro oppr ssing State; it would have 
abolished slavery in the District of Columbia, the inter- 
state slave trade, slavery in Florida; it would have re- 
stored ballennc s of the Federal Govunment, divorced 
it from the support of slavery, itself would have sunk 
like lead in the mighty waters. W hat has prevent* d 
al this ? Why the obstinacy of the Whigs in bow ing 
dowa to ther- Clay idol, aui refusing to vote for 
Birney the just. — They then artnot ouly responsible lor 
the annexation of Texas, but for the continuence of 
slavery itself, (if the oxersize of all the righful powers 
of government would lead to its overtrow, which irho 
doubts?) Bui says i y whig friend, "you could not 
expect the Whig party to do any such thing." No, 
no! The Whig party were so bent on elevating th© 
great duelist, slaveholder, Missouri compromiser, cham 
pion of perpetual slavery, to the highest scat in tbo 
gift of the people, that they could not vote for the ac- 
complished the noble Birney, the repentant slaveholder 
revenue tariff man, the anti-anexationist, the man who 
would have all the legetimate powers of governmeut 
enlarge the area of freedom, and to dest roy slavery. If 
the Whig party could not leave its few dollar 
and cent questions, to promote the great and unspeak- , 
able interests of justice and humanity, how much less 
ought it to have been expected, that the Liberty party 
cou'd leave these great fundamental principle to promote 
the time & space questions of the Whig party. The Lib- 
erty party responsible for annexation ! Who in the name 
of the past elected "Tippecanoe and TYLER TOO?" 
Do you say he has deceived yon ? We the Liberty- 
party warned you in 1840, against this man, a weak, 
narrow and bigoted slaveholder, we tuld you that your 
votes might place him not only where he would have 
the casting vote in the Senate, but whe re by a possible 
contingency (enhanced to an almost certainty by the age 
of Harrison.) he might be the President of the U. States. 
That contingency has occurred, and is matter of histo- 
ry- 

When Usphur was nominated by J. Tyler, to the 
Secretaryship on acount of his knov n interest in the Tex 
as conspiracy, nnd abilitv to consummate it; a Whig 
Senate confirmed his nomination; — When by act of 
death God removed that man, and J. C. Calhoun was 
nomina'ed to consummate the infamous schem* , who 
but a w hig Senate, with an indecent haste and, I believ<> 
withont a dissnting voice, con firmed the nomination? 
In the last act of the drama, who had the balance of 
power but too good and true Whigs? They gave that 
power to Texas and Slavery. And now the Whigs turn 
the annexation upon the Liberty party ! Shame !•— ■ 
shame ! ! where is thy blush ? 

the . S Government paid $ 51 00 each 
lor the Blood hounds imported to joi the 
1'. S. Troops as allies in exterminatirg the 
Flo ida Indians . 

Eternal vigilence is the price of freedom anywhere 
and everywhere. Anti-republican church govenrnunt 
is a dangerous element in a RejjuWieao civil govern 
fTH.ni. 



I 



« 



J 



THE WEW J RSEY 

FREEMAN. 

SQONTON, OCTOBER 1, 184' 



Hearts dcod to tho claims of man, cannot be alive to 
the commands of God : and religion cannot flourish on 
the ground where humanit . withers. Keep. 



THE COUNTY CONVENTIONS. — It is to be 
hoped that these Conventions may be well attended 
The one for Essex County on the 14 Oct. and for 
Morris on the 15. A committee has been appointed to 

6. :cure able speakers to attend the one for Morris at 
Madison, and there should be a full meeting. Let ev- 
ery abolitionist in the County be there and bring others 
with him- Thv [citizens will be addressed in the evening 
and we tope to have a large meeting and do much good. 

We regret that so few of the counties in the State ar; 
giving evidence that thoy are moving in reference to 
jconvcntinns for th- j purpose of forming lickets in pre- 
paration for the November election, but we hope they 
will do so yet. There are Hudson, Passaic, .Sussex, 
"VVarr'is, Burlington, Gloucester and some others, with 
liberty voters enough in them to make out a Ticket and 
give a dsmoftstnytion at the ballot box. We do hope 
the friends ox .liberty in these counties will see to it 
that th« wojk ii done up as it should be. 

L'Jt ujt o k- fricri i of the slave be found sleeping. 
Jfe« Jersey has b en disgraced by some of her public 
functionaries the past yenr, in reference to slavery in our 
State. It h-di been pronounced a slave State bv the 
highest judicial authorities in the State. Let vis clear 
•oar skirts in this matter by giving a faithful testimony 
in the right place. "• 



Frcm the Anti Slavery A roanac for ie46. 
"ONE IDEA PARTY" 

Behold this picture! Both Whig and Democrat -be- 
lieve the great object of government and its main design 
is to make dollars by Tariffs, Banks. SubTresures, Free 
Trade, Corporations, Monopolies, Canals, Rail-roads, 
and by obtaining the money paid for governmental jobs 
in the shape of salaried officers, and in expending thir- 
teen millions annually on sea and land, by the army and 
navy, to keep three mil'ons of slaves from inserrection 
at home, and other nations from invading the assailable 
whip extorted labor in the South. 

The Liberty Party, the great One Idea Party, believe 
that arepub'ican Government is made to protect and de- 
fend every human being in the enjoyment of his natural 
rights, of life, liberty, safety, and happiness, and give 
wages to all, education to all, protection to all — the man 
first, his clothing afterwards; tho man first, his mode of 
transportation afterwards; the man first, and curvney af- 
terwards; the man first and all human contingencies af- 
terwards. 

j The party that respects the man, white, black, 
i brown, or rod, will see that he is fed, clothed' and 
I furnished, and justice done his natural wants, because 
i he is a man, and a man neads them. But the Whig 
j and Democratic Parties act as strangely as if they saw 
' a man fall into the River — his hat falls one way, his 
! great coat another, his pack another; these old parties 
! cry out Save that hat ! Oh, save that great coat or it 
'■ will be lost ! Oh, save that pack or it will "sink forever 
The Whigs and Democrats put out there skiffs and 
scull for the coat, the hat and the pack; the Liberty 
Party cry, Oh, save the sinking man ! and put out their 
skiffs, and, by his locks they save the drowning man , 
and will then look for the hat, coat and pack, because 
as a man he needs them. 

AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE. 



And there is very little loss in that trade. Nothiag 
is lost if two out of five trips succeed. And that trade: 
has of late rather increased than diminished." 

"To the enquiry, why American vessels are prefer- 
red and sought for by the slave-dealers, and why they arc; 
willing to pay such high prices for them, it may be an- 
swered that no other flag caries with it the same mm%? 
nities. 

The apathy at home on this subject is attributed jui*- 
ly to an almost total ignorance of its importance and 
cons" quences, and especially of its detail. This will 
no longer be the case. The powers that be, and the 
pnblic too as far as depends upon me, shall be reacted 
in future. Listlessness itself shall be aroused; and tfea 
fear of the laws at home and abroad, and full attention 
everywhere, shall be struck by the crowds of GaJpritp 
tsrrested and sent home to justice, unless onr citizejie 
immediately desist from the practices of this trade." 



Resolved That we will never call colored people 
niggers, nor other hard names, but that we will love 
them and do them all the good we can. 

? 



It will bo seen by the Cwunty Washington Society 
recently held in Parsippauy, that the W$shiljgt#oiass 
are becoming more and more satisfied that consistency 
requires them to carry their principles to the ballot-box 

We rejoice that this fooling is gaining ground rapidly 
through the country generally, and wc tejoiee still 
more when »p know that the disposition to carry all 
moral principles to the ballot box is rapidly on th< 
gain every where. People arc not much longer to be 
humbugged with the foolery of designing politicians and 
hungry office-seekers, and made to believe that moral'- 
has nothiug to do with politics; that it will do to b 
honest ever day in the year hut ©ae~, though that one 
may be the most important of the whole year. 

Intelligent Temperance men every where, are be- 
coming satisfied that their cause cannot progess mud: 
more while rumsellers and their Auxiliaries hold tfe< 
power for legislation, and use that power for their own 
benifit, or at least refuse to do any thing to stop the 
floods of iniquity that are contimialy issuing from the 
dramshops. 

They have used and advocated moral suasion uni' 
they believe that they can do liltle more with mor 
suasion separated from the suasion of the Balio 
box. In this age of light on this subject when th 
indescribable, and innumerable crimes and miseries that 
are the legitimate offsprings, of intemperance are held 
np before the eves of all tho people ic their best ligb 
we have but little charity for those who can sell rum, 
and we believe that all rum. sellers that can resist tho 
light f this age, & that have thus far turned a deaf ear 
to the thrilling appeals that have been made to them b 
the wretched victims of their trade as well as the elo- 
quent advocates of the temperance cause, are hopeles 
cases, and require something stronger than mere "moral 
suasion as the term is too generaly understood. 

Let us banish the notion that we have done all we 
can by moral suasion, till we have voted right. 



Moral questions have to a great extent a political 
bearing, and all political questions have a moral bearing 
Step. 



A series of articles upon this subject have lutely been ! 
published in the New York Evangelist, under the head j 
of Letters from Brazil The writer gained his informa j 
tion from Hon. Henry A Wise of Virginia, now residing I 
at Rio de Janeiro as American Minister to Brazil. 

He states that Mr. Wise has been vigorously prose 
J euting an investigation into this infamous business ev- ; 
! since he has been here, and it is his statement, tbat no' ! 
j less than 64,000 slaves have been imported from Africa j 
j during the past year ; and 5000 since August last, in ( 
American bottoms. He adds that Mr. Wise has a Jarg j 
I folio volume, a good part of it closely written w itfc { 
j opies of the despatches on this subject to the Depar 
J meat of State, from which he read to him extracts, to 
j show his views upon it, and to make him acquainted 
with the names and ownership of a number of vessels 
>>om tho United States, that have been and still ar 
orosecuting this infernei traffic. 

The following extracts from letters and despatches, 
are- given from Mr. Wise's book. 

"Documents herewith transmitted, will show the na 
fure, connections, anb extent of the African slave-trad 
as it is, and has for some time been, unblushingiy caried 
an by oar citizens under our flag. It has grown so 
I old and so bad as no longer to wear a mask, even to 
; .hose who reside here, and who are at all acquainted 
with the trade between Brazil and Africa. Upon infor- 
mation showing more than probable grounds I hesitated 
not to advise our Consul, Mr. Gordon, to cause the ar- 
rest of the master, mates, and crew of the brig Monte- 
video, and to hold them in custody on board of the 
Boston sloop-of-war until he could examine into the 
cas . The examination has proceeded to a great length, 
and I have given to it my personal attention and atten- 
dance ; and I must say, ft has developed a combination 
of persons and of means to carry on this infamous traffic, 
to the utter disgrace of human nature, and to the dis- 
honor of our flag and of all three nations— England, 
Brazil, and tne United States." 

"I had no conception of the extent, the universality, 
and the notoriety of the traffic ,until duly called upon to 
aid in arresting its crimes. 



HEVER GIVE VVl 

BY MAHTIN F AKQUU AS TUWE*. 

Never give up! its wiser and better 

Aiways to hope than once to despair: 
Fling oft the load of doubt's cankermg fettei 
And break the dark spell ot tyrannica. care: 
Never give up! or the bnrdenmay sink yot>— 

Providence kindly has mingled the cup, 
And in all trials or troubles, bethink you, 
The watchword of life must be, Never give try! 

Never give up! there are chances and change 

Helping the hopeful a hundred to oae, 
And, through the chaos, High Wisdom arrange* 

Every success — if- you'll ^nly i opt on: 
Never give up! for the wisest is boldest, 

Knowing that Providence mingles the cup, 
And of a 1 maxims the best are the oldest, 
Is the true watchword of Never give up. 

Never give up! though the grape shot may rattle, 

Or the full thunder cloud over you burst, 
Stand like a rock, and the storm or the battle 

Little shal harm you though doing their worst : 
Never givi up! if adv. rsity press, s 

Providence wisely has mingled the cup, 
j- And the best counsel, in all vour distress, 
Is the stout watchword of Never give up. 

! VERMONT. The Election in this State shows a 
J great gain for liberty, a gain of 62 percent while there 
has been afalling off' from the other parties. This State 
has assumed a new aspect in reference to the cause of 
he Slave. 12 Liberty men have been elected to the leg- 
is lature and in many towus ther. is no ch ice, leaving 
a chance for the election of more true men. 

NOTICE. 

The Executive Committee of the Morris Comity 
Washington Temperance Society will meet at the 
house of Calvin Howell in Whippany on Saturday the 
I8th. Oct. inst, at 3 o'clock P. M. 

Men who will elevate property above humanity — 
matter abo\e Spirit — will sacrifise human life on the al 
tar of property. Keep 

There is nothing so high of so holy which the touch 
of sectarianism will not taint and transmute into its own 
debased image. 

It is a peculiarity of soctarianism to substitute the pro- 
fession for the practice: hence it fails, when the Chare b 
insists upon practice, or a fair Christian character, 
as a test of membership ; Keep. . 



POETRY. 



The following line's from the p u of the Quaker poet, 
v.-ere addre sed to Jonathan W alkt r on his return from 
Florida where he had been long imprisoned, fin d, pu, 
:n the pil ory and branded w ith the letters S S in t)w 
hand with a hot iron by an officer of the U. S. govern- 
ment, for endeavoring^to assis/ in the < scape of some 
fugitive slaves. 

THE BRANDED HAND, 
BY JOHN G. WHITTLES.. 
Welcome home again, brave seaman! with thy though 

ful brow and gray, 
And the old heroic spirit of our earlier, better day — 
With lhat front of calm endurance, on whose steady 
nerve in vain, 

Pressed 'he iron of the piison, smote the fiery shufts of 
pain. 

Is the tyrants brand upon thee! Did the brutal craven;- 
aim 

To make God's truth thy falsehood, His holiest work 
thy shame? 

"/.Tien all hood qucuched, from the torture the iron 

was withdrawn, 
How laughed their evil angc ! the baffled fools to 

scorn. 

They change to wrong the duty which^God has written 
ouf 

• >n the great heart of humanity too legible for doubt! 
i'/jcy, the loathsome moral iepers, blotched from foo' 

sole up t<> crown, • 
tjive to shame what God hath given unto honor am' 

renown. 

Why that brand \s highest honor! than its traces never 
yet 

1 pan old armorial hatchments was a prouder blazon set 
And thy unborn generations as they crowd our rocky 
strand, 

. bill tell *vith pride the story of their father's BRAND- 
ED iiAiND! 

As the tcnmlar home was welcomed, bearing back from 
Syrian wars 

The scars of Arab lances, and of Paynim scimetars, 
The pallor of the prison and the shackles crimson span 
^o we meet thee, so we greet thee, truest faiend of God 
and man! 



That he who treads profanely on the scrolls of low 

and cr'-ed 

In the (1 "pth of Gods great goodness may find mercy 
in his need; 

But woe to him that crushes the SOUL with chain 

and r. dj 

And herds with lower natures the awful form of God! 

Then lift ihat manly right hand, bold plowman of 

the wave, 

[Its broad palm shall prophecy "SALVATION TO 

THE SLAVE!" 
I Hold up its fire-w rought language, that whoso reads 
U may feel 

' His hear' swell strong within him, his sinews change 
to steel. 



j A }*( ung gentleman at the temperance 
I meeting on being asked to sign the pledge, 
! excused himself by saying, "1 am not quite 
! ready"' At the close of the meeting, he pro- 
posed to one of t he young ladies present to 
see her home "I am not quite ready." was 
the laconic reply. 



> Proposals are made by VVm D Parish of No 4 
North 5th Street Philadelphia to publish the Life of 
Benjamin Lundy This is as it should be, the services 
rendered to the cause of universal liberty bv Mr Lundy 
.hould never be forgotten. Let subscriptions be sent id 
speedily in order to insure its publication without delay. 
We believe the price is 75 cents 



ANTI-SLAVERY TRACTS. The followin; 
tracts are on hand and for sale at this office, by the Lib 
erty Association. 

Condition of Living. 

The cause of Hard times. 

Influence of Slave power 

One more appeal to Christians & Churches. 

Bible Politics. 

Jewish Servitude. 

Smith & Clarkson. 

Persons he/d to service. 

Loyal National Repeal Association. 

Duties and Dignities of American Freemen. 

Ill Treatment of People of color in the U. S. 

Testimony of a Southern Witness. C. M. Clay. 

The lawlessness of slavery. 

Poems on S/avery by Longfellow. 

The Missouri Compromise. 

Smiths Constitutional Argument. 

Two cents Postage 

Address to the People of Kentucky by C. M. 

Clay. 



THE REFORMER, This is the title of a New 
Weekly paper the specimen number of which has just 
be^n issued by Henry Peterson, at J 87 Market Street 
Philadelphia, devoted to liberty and other reforms. It 
is an excellent paper and should be well patronized. It 
is a good size and well executed. The price is Two 
Dollars a vear. 



He suffered for the ransom of the dear Redeemer's 
grave; 

Thou for his living presence in the bound and bleeding 
slave; 

He for a soil bo longer by the feet of angels trod, 
Thou for the true Shechinah, the present home of God. 

For while the jurist sitting with the slave whip oc'r 
him swung. 

From the tortured truths of freedom the lie of slavery 
wrung, 

And the solemn priest to Moloeh, on each Ged-deserted 
shrine, 

iiroke the bondman's heart for bread, poured the bond- 
man's blood for wine, 

While the multitude in b indness to a fa- off Sav- 
iour kneit, 

And spurh-'d, the while, the temple where a present 

Saviour dw ell; 
Thotl be he id 'si him in he task field, in the prison 

shadows dim, 
And thy mercy to the bondman, it waa mere unto him! 



THE ANTI SLAVERY ALMANAC, 

for 1846, is just; published b FINCH & WEED, 118 
Nassau Street New York, and for sale by them, whole- 
sale and retail. They an' also for sale at the office of 
th Fr man in Boonton. 

Even ami slavery man in the State should constitute 
himself an agent for the sale and distribution of this Al- 
manac. Let this be done without delay. 



$gr» The American and Foreign Anti Slavery Society 
has made preparations to do a good work for liberty 
the comming year. 

The Rev. A. A. Phelps of Boston is engaged as a- 
gent and Editor of the .\nti Slavery Reporter. The 
Reporter is an excellent paper ■ published monthly at 
118 Nassau street N. Y. at $ 0,50 a year for a single 
copy. 5 copies to one address for $ 2,00 10 copies > 
3,50. and 50 cop'rns for $ 12,50. subcriptionu will bo 
received at this oliieo. ■ 



f 



5St 

<4» 



ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE 

Myron Finch and Thomas A. Weed have opened an 
office for the sale ofAuti Slavery Books, Pamphlets 
Tracts &c. at 118 Nassau Street, New York, Let them 
be well patronized. 



{jcgp The Washingtonians of Newark have sent out 
proposals for a Stale Temperance Convention to be 
held in Trenton on the 2d. Tuesday in Oct. inst. 

We like the move, bnt think th time rather short to 
make it ful y kno vn throughout the State. 



arches, sky above and 
than the babblinsj 



la thy lone and long night 

wave below, 
lieu did'st learn a higher wisdo 

school-men know; 
Go&'fe clars add silence taughf thee as his angels 

orny can, 

-3!frat, tb.J one, -.-acred thing beneath the cope of heaven 
id taav.. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 

A C( ) \ V E NT O \ of those fa\ ourable 
to for ning a Liberty ticket for the Coun y 
of Lssex will be held* at the House of A H. 
Freeman in Orange on Teusday the 1 1th 
davofO'-t 1845, at one o'clock P. M 



MODERN PROTESTANT CHURCH COURTS 
UNMASKED, is the. title of a Book by the Rev. 
George Bourne, exposing some of the iniquitous pro- 
ceedings of Ecclesiastical bodies in the Protestant 
church. It should be read by every body. 

For sale af this office, price 31 conts. 



-CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION Is a small book published by JOHN KEEP 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. It should 
be read by every body. A few copies for sale at the 
Freeman Office, Boonton, N. J. 



MORRIS C JUNTY 

Those citizens of Morris Counry in favor 
of holding a Co en ion for the purpose of 
forming a Liberty Ticket for this County 
are requested to meet at M; Keeps lonjg 
room in Madison oa Wednesday the 15day 
of < October at 3 o'clock P. M - Let all thcMe 
who think more of fh • man, than thev do 
of his .hat & coat be in attendance, 
speakers will be engaged for the occasion. 

Qct. 1 1845. 



Able 



ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For sale at the Office of 
the Freeman, Boonton, N. J 



LIBERTY MINSTREL. 

\ lb copies of Clark's Liberty Mtnstr I are for 
sa e at hi - office, 

This is sup rior to any thing -.f 'he Kind we have 
s.-en and sh-iid be in t e osscssion of e\ery ot e hat 
l ives ood nusi , ;ind loves to make a good use i<f it. 
Price, 44 cents. 



li,<>nt<m Hashin gton Tcmpemnu benev- 
olent Society?— meets every Monday eve 
umg in the Free Church John axfieid, 
PresUU/U, Fredrick Stone, Hartlaiy 

Bounton Liberty Association. — meets the 
first Friday evenn. of every uioni' 
M. Lvaris, J'.evnUnt, L JB. A on is, 




v OL. 

THE FREEMAN 

WIJ.L BE . PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and 'Proprietor. 
Boontbn, Mdrris Co nty, New Jersey.. 

T E R M S,. 
Single copy 25. cents per annum, or.for T2. numbers. 
10. copies to one address for tv, o dollars. . 
All communications must-be post paid. 



B joTOi\, XQ EMBER , 1845; 



Orange, .Oct. 15, 1845. . 

Dr. Grimes, 

The Anti Slavery friends of. this 
Township have recently .organized .themselves with the 
viev.- of laborns more efficiently for the Airier, can slave 
and the colored man: avpiding the tedious and needless 
formula of a series of ' Articles'for a cOsstition, we have 
united upon a pledge for a "basis, which is as tear as 
my memory perves, it not 'being -within ray reach while 
f write, in the fo lowing words. >■ ': 

"l'h" undersigned believing Am'erieah slavery to be 
an outrage on humanity and sin against. God, and believ 
ing it to be a duty to labor for its overthrow, agree to 
form blur selves in'o an association known as the Aati- 
S'.av-ry Assoc ration Of Orange, New Jersey. ■ 

By treating the colored man as our brother man, re- 
refusrno- to .bestow 'our suffrage upon the slave holder, 
his defender or a >o! g ; st for any office in church or S ? ate 
and by end avoring on all occas ; ons to" make our neigh- 
boj s^ 0 fir enormity pf Slave-holding, we will act out 
the light that is v> ithin us. . 

To this foundation *re have nine signatu res, all men; 
when our women write their names, there will be about 
twice that number. . This will do to begin with, and 
if vv do not forge.t Vmr individuality because we are as • 
Wiat d, the same truth that ■ has brought 
us to this position- wiil be likely to bring m any more 
Richard Kelsal is our P/esident. Our -County, 

ticket was r..r.d yesterday, how many wiH be found 
willjft"- to vote for the recognition Dt" every rrian as a 
bran, is •■ et :c be sscerrjiii^d; butt:." re £ a prospect of 
=a Llnusotne increase, upon the last . vote. 

JWKjfc' : < ■ You]-, ■-• ^ ■>»/ : >... : :/i. ■!' 

' ■-. . ••• A.'.H. -Freeman. . .. 

fli''. following Ticket Was niade out for Essex 
LIBERTY TICKET. • • 
For Senator 

' Jonathan PaVkfrutSfv 
Fcr Assembly) 

John A. Pain**, 
William Patersoh, 
John Lee, ' 
Jemeh White,' 
• Alexander H. Fr>eraatt, 
Aaron B. Harrison, 
James Ball. 

. • ' F* Sheriff, 

> . Richard Kelsal. 

For Car oner », 

William G. Crane,. 
Peter C'ourter, 
John Gibbe. 

A^,f>ont • forget the State M • 'tiwr on »be 12th'. 
a t p, -son. Let our Pater:- n fri ndss^e that this meet- 
ing is well pub lished in their Towp- 



• A \bcd< 'TE of Geii. Fessedeu. — : After 
(■Jen Fessendeo had taken a st atin an Om- 
an bus ii. Cambridge; last', week, a colored 
man of respectable ppearence eniered the 
vehicle iand t..»ok a seat be i< 5e him.- imme- 
diately a person seized him by the collar 
and o dered him out Gen. Fe^seuden, in 
his turn seized this- person by the collar and 
commended him -.to let the unoffending col- 
ored man alone He had no rigm t«» thrust a 
man -out of a public >]riage in t: s way. 

' itlt,' said the fcllew , l ain from the 
S uth,' and not accu*temed to riding wilh 

riggers:' ' . 

I also airi f.:< m the ' outhy -aid another 
passenger, 'ancl am ver'v sorry to hear tha 
you are from that part of the. count y. Iain 
from Mobile, and am acust'omed to vi-df 
with blacks every day and I have no 
objection to ride yvi.-h I his- it an 

On inquiry, tie-,. Feseuden learned from 
the sqwamikh slayeholdcr *hat he mas ori- 
ginaily a ,\ew Kinghin.: raati \—B. Guzett 



THE BRAtfDElKHAlsP 




^eiigion (in Cbfe popular cerise we shou'd 
think is a low etrb in the Ffa $ei n 'chu relies 
There is a great breaking i way from pre- 
conceived opinions -obi i r^.xls -sectaritui- 
ism reverence for the clergy There seems 
to be a disposition msnifeste.d on the part 
of tlie people to t dak and art for the "iS^lyes 
independant (»f ec'ch siasfica! or politic .ii or- 
ganizations. This to some is ah: ( ahtrtiiing 
stale of things; but for our part, if irui.h he 
left .'fre«. to combat error, open, fearles, bold 
we think there is nothing -to fear. • 

We »re (rf. opinion tint she j;re i m *s f 
tbe people are begining bt-'er to uu. ^i sland 
<!ieir 'daty to God, the selves and e.a< h 
o' her and ' e rejoice thxt the march of 
truth is (»nward., Stg uf Li ". 

/»•;. ■ »' <y& ' ■■ sty-.w ' .ii' V- • ' ' "•• ••' '• (.. 

"The Mu.i.ion Meviber • h'p*( h - -There 5-as be< ii, 

;i ^reat fd ing off in; the M :>;hodist Ej>«copal ebure : 

■hroughout the countr the past . ar The t tal d 

<-r»>ase (say nothi:i<; : the recent division ) is 31, 

The increase of local ' 8cl-e.ni. is bu< 14-in the' y. ho: 

onnection ! La.- 1 was 586 And , he total in 

reas'e last year' was ver 155,000. Had the ihcrea*. . 

. seja the same this y u as test, in pr porli n t'i» i\\< 

capital, it would have amounted .o .about 175,000' 

whereas there is an ju t ua;-- falling ot ' of .ov r 30.000 ! 

This makes a di.i. rence of more than 200,000 compa. 

r-d with last year '!— a loss on 1-hr capi a greater than 

the whole M. E. chdrch -as forty f years 'from the tim 

the -first MetimdR! pi'-acht rs comrn m-i-d in Americ 

This looks more lik'- coming to' naught' . especial I y 

when taken in c nnexion with thergr'.ai division and lo 

cal broils all over the connection', than like claiming in 

infallibility on the ground -of a' div'.n> approbation!'! — 

Tr 'C Wedeyan. 

The overthrow of civil and eceli>ias h a! despotisms 

is undoubtedl the grand oharaceii.- it ej prise of the t 

pres nt nd the nejtt coming age. ■ T.. en rpribi- will 

Succeed' and -hose now in active, lif- should go in ad 

vance of the past Keep. 



The above 'cut is' an'exact re'pres?ritati.cty of :th« -.4' 
of Jonathan' Wa'ker. who -had the letters, S. 9. if.trp.'V. 
in his hand with a hot i : rohv.ufider-the laws of .the TJ.-''-. 
by. an officer of the U. S- 'government. at' Peiiiaeoirt fqi 
attempting to -aid a fe-w slaves in their escape from - 
mo g the barharians «»f Florida - He was also, i 
.be r •membered, put ii) the pillory,' where he wat "r 
^n.with rotton-eggs, whipped, imprisoned a loqj- tir. 
and h^javily fin< j d for doing a praiseworthy act. fTl 
lettets S. -S. wer^ intended to mean Slave Swah.r 
Mr U'a k'-r and th. friprids of liberty at the >.ortl yen ■ 
prop ii v read.it "Salvation- for the Slave," so it wiij I •• 

• The following is -an -extract /rorn Mr Walker's nt*r- 
rativt"- which shows some of the. beauties' of the slavt 
•tliafrec.ivess the sancti-n of the TJ. S. Government. 

EXTRACTS 'FROM/ WALKERS NARPvATRT 

During his detention in jail at Pensacola, Mr. Wa.t: 
er endeavored to keep a journal ofevents as they tranj 
pired under his. own observation,- 'or-' came v-ithhi - 
knawA'dgo'. -{V.. T.) — t-'^ ijis^rfe, and six chil- ' ?fi 
a molatto woman (a cook) and her child, five-' r -sik 
months', old. How that poor- stavo mother, was tr <- 
appears from the following extracts -from Mr. W l 
journal: -..'.- >• .- ' ■■ ':• \ 7.VtJ' f '• 

July 22. L. T. whipped the cook. 
1 24. L. T whipped the cook. • 1 

25. L.'.T. whipped the cook twice 

28, L. T. whipjOed the cook. . ; ' 

Aug. l.-L.:.T. whipped the cook. 

4: -L. T. whipped the C' ok. '. ' 

8. Cook -whipped twic-. once- by L. T. and'*nce t 

12-. L.-T. whipped- the cook. .- ; . '. 

T.4! L.' T. 'whipped the cook. • 

17.- L. -T. whipped the cook four times. —Mi ri. . . - 
iieadfully ciross.- . ' ' .', . .'■ . '■-.' ■-. 

19. h, it: -whrpped- the cook. ' ■ » ' 

•, 21. L. T. whipped the. cook twice 

28. L- T-. whipped tli.e cook- ,','■' "•. ' ,' ■ 

30*. 1»- T: whipped tl»e cook:- L. T. confined; broug:,-. 
t.^rth » fine- boy,'. . . . ' .' •. . 

• Engaged in i/oggmg almost to the hour of her cv : 
onfint mejat ! And w h?n unable to wie-ld the %h he r 
elf. employing her brother to do so ! Thus — . 

Sept. 13. Cook whipped severely. L. T. Y broth 
at her request. v . . 

Once more she is able.to renew Kcr cruelties: 

24. L- T whipped the cook. 

Oct. 1,1 T, whipped the cook; children cry ! j 
wiolosale. ' 

2. Li T. whipped the cook. 

8. L. T. h hipped me cook severely, with hot!. 
■ nd>- of the cow-hide. 

15 L. T.'s mo her whipped the cook. 
19. L. T. whipped the cook. 

25; L. T. Whipped' the vook twic , and another 
servan once. 

Nov 3. L. T. whipped the c ok severely wfaj 
brojomstick >eo!ds tremehdotisly : gives unlimited sco] 
to passion and 'ap rs of! by cr ing herself. 

7.. L. T. whipped the cook. 



-53* 



•lo. 'L. T. whipped the eook. 

T. and mother whipped the cook, alternately, 

■ ill spell- : '• •■. ■ • 
j ; T. whipnod' the; cook; severe/%-. 
i)Vc -2i. X. whipped the cook. 

184*5. L. T. whipped the cook twteo. . 
11. L."-f. whipped the cook. 

vhipped th«? -cook twice. . 
to L f whipped the cook. • 
<Jo*tflinentij>S?#^ case of attroeions erudty; Mr. 
.. jilkeT saV* 



acknow'edge to be an almost intolerable curse to ourl generations 



thirteen southern states, and what we know to be suc» 
to.the whole country be - branded upon dv virgin soil 
I of w ;ich thirteen more Slates are 10 be made? Thank 
God, this is a question which 'the people of the free 
«' Sia.es. have yet .the po er to oecide ! Whatever the o- 
1 pinions of any of them may be in regard to the annexa- 
J tion <>f territory, it is not a ibel upon them to say that 
| they will not vmnimoushj oppose the annexation of slnve 
\ru'l ' Let us look intently at that point for one moment. 
Slavery is a fundamental, total., and entire Violation 



Under the festering wing of this great nation, popu- 
lation will spring forward with a rapidity almost un- 
precedented in Texas, — tens of thousands of victims of 
th<- slave-trade will be carried there from Maryland, 
Virginia, and Kentucky. A new market will give fresh 
impulse to the slavc-bre' ding energies of the northern 
slavf States; the African slave-trade, too, will aid, in 
spite of all laws, in supplying new subjects for the 
naan-market. 

That this result w ill follow, is too obvious for argu- 



i Ma-very is a lunuameuiai, un»i, uu« «.i.v..^. --• , . . 

i of the common, sense' ami common honesty maxim that! meat. Is the North ready to become a partner in this 

.-• ixriii — * u;„ "«>.-^^' Have we lost our consciences and our bu- 



cket says: - • • . m j of the common, sense and common honesty maxim thai , meat. 

S, lH! cs^theyave ££2 KhSH * <*** **» make a oartjainl Without his consent, {Equity 

as being dogged by it takes ail .that a mau has, even that which he canno maniy? 

.*70.^-.nt S for each whipping, the amount wo . , ^ — ^ £ yield> . and glVPS £ t "t6 another I But the slaveholders seek ! :in Texas not only anew 

■mi about $30. from the 19th JU y, wi.on w« | ntd that other, for- awiihl slavery provides, may be iht j market for their slaves, but an accession to the slave 

^M.tothelOth February, whoa the iamily mov , , , ^ "V^- man ; u u J wor!d to receive it. ' Throwing i power m Congress. Th- free and slave States have 
' ; W-he>l. The' reader will- have K^^J&L^i^ bodv and soul, as a chattel, it subject* ' -ach 20 votes in the U. S. Senate. . In the house the 
. whipping? were rnUeh more frequent $ mv warm j _ ^ ^ o{ a chatt , :!) wilh this added "expo tfiee Slates- have 135 votes, the slave slates 89. 

. than "".the cold, and also betorc.her m*h«* | . ^ ^ ^ noble a „ a upward tendency ... [ Hitherto - slavery has bound the Southern- States so 

aftttj ;.;ev,t that, af^rwards.. Jh ■ ^.^^ to t j> | |,- s nature ; s treason against the authority. under which j strongly together that they have contrived by union and 
- ; . i? ke his or her c ..mmonts or conjee. . ^ ^ placed, anb is likely to.be puhisfcei as such.- If it I -oncort, vigiieYice -and political sagacity, always to dc.- 

of ft i- , ' . - •.. . I „.„ ra •* „ • ,ver fail to be punished as such, it is because the mas- 

i he thought ttiat those .whipping!, weie qt no , . -».-.- 



.'oncort, vigilence and political sagacity, always to tlo : 
|f-at the North. But they fear lest new Slates to he 
ft may u« iiiw« 8 — - - . . •«•.•- ^ paren'l eriiH not ye so bad as the system would make him. -| -ormed -from thr northwest terri'.orv should oveturn tbo 
. . ,, ,, rl !y, and merely W^ le ; . '' \ yi the sacred domestic relations are .sacrificed to slav< L a , an( , e •„ thft Senate, at-d add to the strength of tbo 

-^..i ccrrt-et a child; but to test tho qual, y, let a rt K • ^ ^jj^ tjfis'that heaven cau sanction or t)i'e Kpar I - Statos in the „ ouso 
. be covered dnly with a thin cotton no^k ,und U t j ^ feel . ^ made t6 taU asun( i ai - at the exigencies o< 1 ' 
veiled to uncontrolled passion, apply a raw 



If Te:-;;:s can bo annexed,, 

he' balance in the Senate Nvill turn in favor of slavery, 

ind the free majority in the House will be din ir.ished. 

Half a dozen slave States can easily tr formed out •>€ 
idwer of the master. The protection of lite is only . • , 

1>ow . , , , •„• i • L I Texas n a few years. This will give sMcry. an wve&- 

.nomM, tor, though killing a slave is no uncommon oc- ■ , . . ^ ^ 

urrence, the first. master is yet to be hung or doing so , ^ ^ ^ ^ y to dclJvef themselves up, 

n support of his authority. % teach as lave the al , ( d hand ^ f()pt t0 th ; 8outh v Wil , ,h v ,ho!ders' 

Thus slave law biots out from him | „ .. ; ., , „„ , ^,.^. rA ^ ly xnyfar fo tlu . 



in excited to uneonvroutu » t -rv ■! property.'- Whips, chains,.hrandiDg-irons; all the inflie 

- -itcli to the back of the other ith h-r gieate.v j wh j t . h - malice or ra g e : ca n invent, are within th 
:, r*th from twenty to fifty blo« s, and the* wouk. | 
,. 8 repetition of it to ascertain its mildness. . 
• u t some of those floggings were applied by a mor 
.'wefful arm than that of the mistress; and the mark 



11 .arm "* — ■ . " — r 

,Yi .cars were visible upon the slave s neck and tact ifj a crime . . , ftus slave law p W B ou, iron. «.«. I p ^ ^ B g r , Mlv an ., benrvoleilth 

■ :« m th e ante 1 was first committed, to the day otm. t one dash , God's written word -Does practice moldy ; ^ « t ^ j,^ nothing to fea'r? T be 

ad .to my heart mex ! h e severity of law? Took at the daily and hourly se F . ? ■ 



leasve. My senses have conveyed to my _ ( 11C scvclllJ ut 1B> , .-. ~ > — . 

, =sib'.e feeling* yf aiogvwt a.id abhorrence for such a 1^ 1[)n of husband and wife, par< nt and child, yes, 

- -• • ,«;. J K w .*.u nnon rational' huma.. 1 rtcnh , T ond ; „, aIU x i lot tikae place under the great 

American siave-trade, a trade whose favorite mode of 



i^de of discipline or.punishmeiit upon rational humai. 

Heicgs- 



slaveholders 

hate the -free labor of the North. They are ,ealous of 
our agricultural, commercial, and manufacturing pros- 
perity, our increasing w ealth, our free institutions.. 
a iraue ^^'^lo^e uxv-ukaub ltju^it: ui ( e - j . , 5 ^ 

. " x ■■ . . 1 , . i With all their bluster of chivalry, thev are neither non- 

sale is . 'at auction, m lots t6 suit the purchaser.' Are[ d " 1 ■ " 

, the cruel inflictions necessary to inspiu that fear which ' -tnorjust. II 1-kos be annexed we i f d espect no 

iD'feSfi OF THE NORTHERN AND EASr-j the raight work ofhope, in exciting to ^ justice or mercy at their hands man they hav 0 

' ?l the whole of that labor, which produces the whole bf *pwn t0 ^ ^ tad ,• , 

, .,' . . . . • . . 1 The most momentous question wnica lias ever oern 

the tobacco crop, and the sugar crop, and the . boastee ■ \ 

. ■ ' ■ , rp, , hrourht helon" the nation- since the th elaration of mde- 

cotton -crop, ot unfrequent occurrence / Then they an , - 
, . • ... •» ■ xx. 1 ' 1 ,i u * . • nvndance, is now presented. Shall the voice ot the 

the more terrible when they do occur. Is the brunt 01 . 1 1 " .' , , p. , 

- j . • a. • - « .1 I t'nited States he-given for hbenv or shivery? Early 

imperious temper, and unbridled passion, which the . 6 - ^ 

Slaves endure, a light affair? Remember the bowie * " the next sess.-n ot Congress the Texan Cons.uution 
knife horrors between the whites themselves, will j -be presente d for ratification or rejeet.on. \\ hether 

. - - I i 1 l.i , U.,H l.o v-.. ■•;.»! nv r.-.ior-l-r'il (Inrif.nfk on inO Vi.U'H (it 



0 TFE FRIENW^ KReS INSTITUTIONS 

N AND EAS' 
SUBJECT OF 



CJN 



:\*TiOIN ON THE 
TEXAS. 



3 L-T.OW CITIZENS, 

The Texas question is yet undhcided. Tha M 
■ - so far as it is of any importance to the United 
0. Mexico, or mankind, is not whether the peo- 
;S "arc to inhabit that vast territory are to be coii- 



, ' % ^"S^^T^i^^ pSS^hSth" t ;ems;'and"that" between thes I ' shall be ratified or rejected depends on the votes of 

-^^ amc whiles, whom law itself is unable to restrain fron ! - ^» ^ fr< « ^tes. U hat those votes w ,11 

* 4 - ^ - _ * 1 1 1 • J ! J .. J I- . . t i- . . n •* ■* ■«£ mi w11IK.1l !\n VP. 1 I - h< ill- 

butchering each other, and the slaves, there is no la 
whatever. • ' 



ft , but whether they are. to consist bf slaves and 
"V hoklers^whether those' fertile plains shal m all 
;S tin^reioico under the plough of tree laoor or 

^^^^t^^t^^l The:iimi t s.fthes,pagesdonot,er,iteve r nalh : 
>ia> B so »y»'j , i" . 1 1 .... tiivnArl into n mere I . o tltho of th<> sins and miseries w hich flow troi 



, will he derided by the coursi? pursued' by their t-w - 
ituents. If the people of the North raise, a strong and 



alt ot 
;uinea 



•ar voice of remonstrance, their representatives mu 

\ >bey. '.'■> .'..* '-' 

10 rapid! v consumaa py incu t V .., -•■»- • j " — «r?V . . '. ... a , l„ the subjoined report and resolutions an attempt 1 

• " } ..,„hlir shall be turned into a mere l s ; oa to a tithe of the sms and miseries which now troi . ' . • .. , .,». 

r present republic snail oe iuin siou o ^ - ,,ade to show what indeed admits ot no dispute, that 

. ♦,' W,. r . rnthesuuolv. The question is. t he accursed system ot Southern oppression. &« , ,, 

u-^«mJnat;«n«. and nature shrinks froi i • xas is not annexed, much 1- ss Us naver.v, and Iha 

i <e true way to defeat the wicked design of the sluv 



K«tber in order to fortify the present most unnght- 
.',,;*P«w.,r of our eluvehokh rs, both over their s.avcs 
li if, p..oolc of the free states^slavery shal! he crea- 

| t ,-nct ».oon- 



-rroans with its abominations, and nature shrinks froi 
the recital of them. .■'.». 

Yet this is. a svste'm' which the brazen, ctlront ery 



•ile ol trie tree sia.w.-&, »w.»v.j - , ., , . , . 1 » 

1 L otirseiVes do it, - over a vast coun- slaveholders calls on us not merely , to lolerat^ but 



tod anew,- 

, where Mexico had abolished it. 

Abetter this or that mode of annexation is const.tu- 
or uot -will violate our treaties with Mexico 
'V^Sukad us into war or not,-though thes, are 



loldejcs is to lay immediately before Congressman over 
heiniing expression of the \\ili of the people. Ever 
a into whose hands these pages mat fall is earnest 
quested to give all the aid in his qowei- by sigmn 
nc 'dating and forwarding renions' ranees. 
Fellow citizens ! now is the lime for action. Tlu 



extend and perpetuate, in the vast territory of Texas 

Be it as they claim,- that -we have nothing to do w 1 
slavery among them, except to be bloodhounds on th- , 

»e are ticks' of fugitives from labor. ' Be it, that the. const! j 

" " V', t abd P^-haps not yet irrevocably] t utio n binds as to be deaf to. the affecting appeals of th ! I M >orth can send to t ongrvss the names of mor. 
££i feJare compurativriy insigni.fi- ' slave , to be blind-to his fetters and the scars of theW, i hap a million voters agamst the anne*atfcn of any 
l! Jluc l : -' ; • , deendeepiy discussed. The slave- ; on his back. Be it, that the United States' constitution ! ...ore slavery.; Use all your efforts, and doubt not they 
.nt, ittuj u.a _ * - l/ tUn A„rvoii«nts of slavery ! nu i|-.i'j. s 0UE conscienct 9 and religion. , - ill be successful. Have confidence in the country. 

Yet we will see, and w- will sp- ak when the ques ! Have faith in God. 
lion comes shall we be accessory to the crime btj We conclude in the Words of the venerated Channin 



IdE-a have carried many of the opponents of slavery | 
' p- em on' these' questions, acting with apparent 
on their old principle of *«, an, c— 



ti ir r 'd nrinciiue ot mnne ana m/«(/»w. |Uon comes, sn.ui y- ou™ u ,j - - . ,. . 

- ; on their 01 I t S tiK, the all 1 8prca ding, fostering, and perpetuating sli.v. ry in a new "Every, principle of our government and rehg.o 
,c't these, questions pass 1 _ - A. _. % condemns slavery. The spirit of our aae condemns it 



ill' i llUlOt.wm' V „ ' 

P r,,ant one remains, that to which we have reterreu 
^ The fi hiv.d.olbers,-whose, from first to last, 
, . ^euio^aunexation is,-have thus far cunningly 
• ai^jon almostfwhollyaway fron, that issue. 

£ u - :e the utmost|address to complete their ne- 
, '-',-;,-,;t without raising it.. But it is the real 



HOI 11,1 * 

8ilcU t!y or vocally, for sveal or for woe, we, by 
. ,, ; t ives.at Washington, must soon dec.de. 

11 Jh-tWne tenths of iho slaveholders themsolvea 



j i ondemns slavery. The spirit of our age condemns it 
This is the question now before the nation, and to be j The decre. of th. civi ized w-.rld has gon< out' agains 
decided at the next session of Congress. Texas has I it. England has abo ished it. France and Denmarl 
now formed a constitution, which sustains slavery and , meditate its abolition. The chain is fa ling from th 
makes its abolition almost impracticable. This const'.- : serf in Russia. In the whole circuit of civiliztd no 
lution she now offers to our Congress to ratify, thkt she tions, with the single exception of the United States 

not a voice is lifted up in defence ofislavery. All 1I1 
great names in legislati n and religion are against it.l 
The most enduring reputations of our times have bee 
won by resisting it. Recall tin great'weu.of this a 



lf a V f.^ialkd by any. thing yet done, may become a star in our constellation Are the peo- 



pie' of the North prepared to admit her? Are they 
ready to sanction slavery atld the slave-trade, with all 
their horrors, to an unknown extent, now and for fulure 




,„ ,„s. g . nation, and be «h,y philosopher, j|M» - 

fc ""he ? ri" "i *fc 

„5Sn one solemn Mtimonv agnins slaver)-. And 
, thi an" go in which a free ami chnsUan people . ha I 
l«b Welv rosol.o to extend ami p rpetna.e tho ev.l 



With (he evidences, continually becoming d< vetop* 
of the Chanel taking p'ace among people ah par- 
ties in the land, on the subject of Slavery before him a 
mar must, be worse than mad to ask-'-'What have the 
abolitionists done?" Parties of almost every na^ne are 
coming out with the met ultra doctrines ot Liberty 
Party abolitionists. Ft has Ions; been our opmjon* *a 
if the. Liberty Party did not ever reach the ten* of gov- 
ernment, it would be' because the other parties wot>>d 



aboil its triumphant success. 

Resolutions of the dominating Whig Convention o; 
Lorain Cotm'y, O. 

'Stesohd Tiat the great truth, ***** all men are? 
born equal and have certain inaiianable rights amcrg 
these are life M and the pursuit of bupp-ness, » a 
Mf-evident truth, upon which our revolution w as turn- 
ed and one which was cwmed and blessed ot Heaver, 
dt: ' . . ■ i j Ri-if&h nnnressiom establish- 



ed, anc one vnwun 7"*° - -y 

in cede, mini: tl is land horn British oppress.' on, K statolish- 

•• name it :cng the r.a- 



M™^^«" 0f ""^ : Pi i: * &«oon ,. S - 8 — Acr, <he . 

Lite the .corn, indignation and abhorrence of the- folldwtng rescluto ns adopted by whig and f } h> 

fc£r nbXlfoftheW.Ueefor Massachusetts * the state of Ohio, from the ^ o/m , That :he departure from th, greats , 

SAMUEL E SEWALL, C7,««. Herald We wouU like to comment on thc loraia , ion of the Ce,n S ,tm.cn ot me Limed Stat, 




Euzni Wkiufr, .lux- Secretary 

THF. NEW 3 KSEY 

FREEMAN. 

uWPNTOiN .NOVEMBER 



1 R i;' 



irfOVir.! 



?'rlaims.of man', cannot be ifhv-o t< 
,d ; and religion feavuiol flourish o 
minuit'-wife: Hag ; *' 



™ the departure from this great trut h in 
the formation of the Cons'itmicn of the United States 
by which the owner of slaves has bestowed upon hap 
political pov or in the administration of L. S. Govern- 
ment, not enioyed by Other men, as brought upon this . 
I na'ion all the calamities it has suffered, and >3 often 
threatened, and now ihrca.ens its ver> existence,. . 

Resolved, That at the time of the formation of tha 
constitution of the. United Suites, s avety, having beer. 
God and the of man, m excluded forever.fr. m thc North-western ™<^ ™ 

to republican institutions and to the so limited that it Was expected soon to ceas,. and no 
— ~» d,ngerwa, apprehended fr.m it but now it has becor,., 
so extended by the purchase of Louisiana and Florte a 
that it controls at its *iU the legislation of th'e eouury 
and excludes from the most iirportan cff.ces of the gov- 
ernment, all tW who will not bow down and worship 



tieinoci am. <.uii> fcf>«»iv~~ - 

Cincinnati Herald. We woutf like to commen- on 
Vm, with other pre* .eediugs of iike t chamcter among 
Politicians and Ecctesia^s^t length; but have nether 
irac nor space, and give th-m to oar readers just as 

Resolutions .of the Fortage v.oun.y i^' 0 

«Resolml t That we be iete slavery to be alike re- 
.„..„,.,,; to the. m of God and thc fiyhts of man, in Us 
J % ; , v . i ..,. hostile to republican institutions and to the 
!p-.rc and peace of the country; we are ready in ail 
, „nerwn'Tsto 'oppose its dsteUtim and labor for Us 

1 ' * 1 ... !_ c «P 4l-rt am*nf>J3*f7tPi 



:,^e;'es F eilly.wearemfav ur ot the mm^ate 
gl i rtv , c tll( . factions are to h- held in this of a 0 n<,rM t of its «,u^6fed power to abolhsh 

Mr^dit ^bop^'^ < very li'r.erty man - ill b< , J .p?^^/ ^Coto^a,^ the Temtones 

I;.:;;;;;-:;, ^^4;;^ ^ ^^^^ r ^ F T^e^, ThattheboW^desitisnow^kingt 

S£i — ! ^ priU,,i5 S nferSbv the people cxfSt borders and strengthen its P ower by amtexi, 

A ^ frbW the Poll, ee^ th^ ^ ^^^^^^S ^ UStSn T-,as .0 this Luion, in violate of the .Constitutor 1 , 



mv nwav from tin. Poll, becftus, there ,s , ^ ( , 30 /„,/ ) That Ute powers comexcu p ^ 

' L ' T is much to be gained by being ; i>fthe Uniu>d States open thc Geneva government 

£35 VI thnos; -rhc price of liberty » Eiem- , ; fe to . proroole the gene-re I welfare and secure 

he who ,nli^ in the e.use of fceedo, ; , , ^ ^ have beet most gro* ty pervertec 
I fi'S r.^ki ^ for the enemies of men . J° aM llf , 1;lV ery; that it is the duly of c.toe* 



v r T iieiu « ; , — rrf ■<: • ..■ ..... « 

Rlu ; t (pel no timetoVeep, foi the enem.es : ot mn 
6 l..«, not; we havi neither time nor space tor apnea 
i0 i n t& lie f^bfnl >-ext Tu'-lay, and shall therefor- 
Wlghri*> duties of abolitionists on that dilt , to be set 
tied between them end their consciences, am. trust a 
<HM m their accotmtabiUty and prove laithftih 

"Tkkas 'theMaiicn Review, of the 17 ull., stat 
liatGen. Sam. Houston, in his late address to the , 



in 
the 
verted to 

S ,e stmport of slavery; that it is the duty of Citizens of 
\ f,ee Spates to resist the constant encroachments of 
^'slavery upon their own rights; and to entrust polecat 
,ou er » no man who xbttl not resist them. 
.' «j{ eM krd, That the wvs • f this State wnich make 



I'AHIIU li£J o - . 

Texas to this Union, in violation of the .Consotuticn c . 
thei Unued Sta.es, and the plighted faith and honor oi 
nation and its unceasing and murderous efiorts to c r- 
throw the fre. dom of speech and the press, proclaim in, 
language not to be misunderstood, that slavery »ust e»- 
ther be destroyed or itwui des ttcy il e htatics oi «.v 
country. ",/«» 

Resolved, That to this day we pledge our lives, our 



t Gen. Sain. Houston^ in his lateness to t ; , . ^ M for'^ 

S cfthnt County on the. ^/f;^.^, ^ft^ That the 



v.'lv.io y > with Mexico," asserted that "every town 
Tevi'.Sj whose population ' amounted to five hundr 
s ou!s, contains at least two hunderd loafers,'' and 0. 
Worses the chsrgeahat »* a»o«w« «, 

From the. Cincinnatti Herald 

-N!iVEU GIVE UP." 
■ -lAiiy one w'^o- has watched the cours» of events to: j , 
SOtoo years past, if he be a believer in- Divine Prox 
cannot •crape thc conviction that through tl 
workings of that Almighty Agency the Au-nctm p- ; 
»lg are to be permit led to sleep no more over the ev 
„„d peril, ofslaven. -tU things se-m to be so arran 

! as to Force the subject upon their attention ara-n 

the Evil, and ^dually to bring the public mmd to tl 
.Vrn resolve that it must be extinguished. Amoi 
Ujeso eyeWs *« n^e the anexationof Texas, the hrrai 
din. of Captain Walker, the imprisionment of l orr 

• • 1 rVT„„- Vorlr IhP. PSC&I 



, v ..,C;J., W c». /ft C »ii« ^«c W ^ ^'-fortunes and our sacreo bono o a. ve ce... 
•' ' rr^ iro^ vnntst in tktnselves, and ut- tiohaUy for ih destruction ot slavery • 

^ t 2 Jfte ^ and o«M Resold That we deeply sympathise wuh tc: 

" ^ ^ ^'Tf^ f 1 fp. nd s ef frerdom in the slave States, and espec. 

, ( , ; aml Auction of Peter j with Casius M." day, th- bold and fearless chap, 

' J^^rlton v^n n a d Mordecai Thorr.as, 0 f liberty who are labouring to redeem the 

¥ ^ ^ there countryme ^oppre^; 



>nt of these men in a Virginia jail, the trial of them 
k ntvtcnde.l offences comnuttcd within the territory of 



VeS UU Ult.lC tuumij"" 

ilco/rcrf, That we have no sympathy with any mai 
be he Whi.. or Dmocrat, live North or South, shojavaui 



bnt it must go up again. 

aNW never must anti-slavery men abandon a single ^ unalit ,. ;ible determination to use every — , v , nlDg .Nov. It) by «JT. 
'post they have taken. Almost every free State in the ^ ^ m ^ <lischv ^ ( a his pfficial duties io 6«»S | |tou> auc f*T^» W ' 

Uwon, has maia^ncd a fierce battle fo r ^di 3 cuss.on. j 



. 1, 1 „«;.r, ■■«•.! comndtt-d with n the territory 01 he he win, or -jm.uai,^^-— 
* . Z^rrk* of our citizens m<l the extension W perfection of slavery-or to* 0 

vrcjo- av.uonmtn'~paiiojou . a j^^/ped, That the Union 'of these States- is ='c •• 

. 0 ! sarv t 0 the 'well-being of both bond and free, and ■ m 
Resolutions of the Portage County Democratic Con- - 1. 

-ntion. ! EesoJwd, That the laws of this State which make 

i a7 s , , n,., ; n ^ „ r inion of this Convention | distinc-ion on account of color, are an aborning r. 
I ■ ° fth ' ^ iie^ght of heaven and ah good men, and ought .0 I 

[iT^il Z JL and en odious stain «?ou | i mme diaiely and nncondittionally repealed. 
! » u r national honor. j From the Cort/and True Am-rican. 

1 --Rosohed, That we as Northern freemen are in du- \ D-R-U-N-K. 
j v bound thus publicly to express our vncomprornim j t't\Yhatha s Alcohol don- to me?" I answer: 
(rMility to an'mstMvtiov fraveht icith so much mj fsftcf : ^-ei sho . s has forced my toes j 
4 total discard of individual ^ ^^ ,C L ] And ma de m. friends my bitter toes: 

And on my head rained showr.rs of blows ; 
TV eehts r dii{?ed my gold half Joes; 
And caused my wife her fc aviest woea ; 
With hogs in gutters made me dose— 
T ipped up my heels • n winters' snows j 
And kept m dure until 1 froze ; 
So poor and ragged made my c othes. 
That I'm just fit to scan the crows ; 
With many ills the Devil kn- ws. 
These truths m whole appearance shows— 
But should you doubt it view my r.cse. 

J Michael Cassio. 

' A TEMPERANCE CONCERT 
will be held in the Free Church in Boonton c '. k 
evening Nov. 10 by Mr. Brown, assisted by M 



fling 01 v,i|>i«.« .......... i _ - 

thed^mte between Virginia and New fork, the esqp, ^ ^ { ,„ ; ,, t0 „. VJ „„„ 

ami pursuit of the seventy fugitiveslaves from Mardan ■ ^ ^ r , pro: ,ch upon our conion counuy . , 
^-ith the bloody struggle which ended in the recapture ; UResoI . t)e<h That inonler the more effectually to carry | 
nf . larcre portion of them, the Parkersburg outrage ,and . out aml t in practical operation our pr.ncipl. s upon 
t SionLid destruction of a Free Pre SS in Km uc and impo-f.n, subject, u, pledje ovrsele 

The truth is, with the exception of the terrible con- ' ^ DsiHOcrn(ic party of our county to male use oj 
flWions which are occurring from time to time, am : , ^ ^ ^lly in onr power io ^comphsh the 
SHoslwar with Mexico, there -i, .scarcely ; J ^ o/ slavery in tl. United Stole* and 

' event of importance to be rec rded, «inch is no Mnesandespecialy toc^ the repeat of all M, 

connected with Slavery in such a way as to compel j ^ •„ 0k ; 0 impos ^ any distinct^ whatever 

the People to see its abominations. j between lhe co l 0 red and Ac free nh te poptdatwn oj im 

"Never give up,'-' then, is our motto.- v\ hen Prov • I ^ 
id, nee is so manifestly co-operating with the . fforts of I uJUao}ved that, regarding the strict observ,nce oi 
' Philanthropists, wbv should they grow disheartened ^ Us ln the light of our our imperative duty 

True a'Free Press has been put down in Lexington, 



we mS» pie eye o-.r.vc/res /o support no man for Repre- 
sentative, to the State Legislature, who will not avow his 
firm ami unalouable determination to use every honor 



TIfE ANTI SLAVERY ALMANAC, 

for 1846, is just: published b FINCH & WEED, 1 ? : 
Nassau Street New York, and for sai ! by tUem, whole- 
sal? and retail. Th-y are also for sab ai the office of 
■ . Fr emaa in Boonton. 

Every anti slavery man in the State should c nsti u: 
himself an agent for the sab and distribution of this AI 
manac. Let thisb-j done wiuiout delay. 



tt i 1. ij] tl < 1 it 4s. 

Don' 1 bill the Birds — .ne littla Oirds 

That sing about your door, 
Soon as the joyous spring has come, 

And the chilling storms are o'er, 
The little birds, how sweet they sing 

0, let them joyous live ? 
And never seek to take the life 

Which you can never give. 

Don't kill the birds — the little birds, 

Thai play among the trees ; 
'Twould' iaaXi he ^arth a chee less place, 

Should >ve dispense with these. 
The litt.e birds, how fond they play ! 

Do not disturb their sport ; 
But let ihem warble forth their songs 

Till winter cuts them short. 

Don T t kill the birds — the happy birds 

That bless the field and grove ; 
So innocent to look upon 

They claim our warmest love, 
The happv" birds — t >e /unefull birds 

How pleasant 'tis to see; 
No spot can be a chearless place 

Where'er their presence be 

STATE MEETING*. 

Fhe QtMrrterly neeting >f the ew ,Ter»e\ 
\ti*i Slavery S »cieiy will be h Id on VVVd 
iesday, the 12 day of Vqv inst , in Pater 
son at 11 o'clock A. M. 

Me'-* in?-? wilt be held in the afternoon 
and evening. 
Nov, 1 1845 

A H Free ma a Sec. 



A 1 C«i3dwel] on Wt dsegday 22,nd Oct., John Grimes 
oi Boonton to Sarah E Orton of the former place. . 



DITD 

At Boonton, on Mom a> be 2!)th Oct. Henry Fia- 
n y, son of the R-v. Henry Belden, of c repression of 
the brain -aue-d by a tall from a ch lir, on the saturda . 
ev 'oing previous, aged 3y>*ars and 3 months. 

A Fact to *e Po <d<£hed. Ah inteligent 
friend, recently irom New Orleans, has in- 
heres* ied us not a little in ijivin^ a relation 

•f the state of feeling at theSouth. respect- 
ing t lie political .u>vement of Yholitionists 
• lie sort!; This friend was preaent at 
n Democratic gathering just, before the 
election .ast fall, at which «.ov. Brown 
tde t speec'i. In his speecli he reviewed 

le history --of the Vnti Slavery' movement j 
.-mi trs rise wiili astonishing .accuracy and 
trecision. lie said i li.i trit he movement up 
the period of the formation of a di*- : 

ii. t p^irty for the overthr -,w of slaver\ 

M sen'ed ti thing to excite the -smallest a j>- 1 .Th» Rev. A. A. Pholps of Boston'is winged as a- 

,'ehension. JUt f ■ nri that momen t ii a, \ - ^ ^itor of % Anti Slavery Reporter.. The 
, . , ■ porter is an excellent paper published monthly at 

71 a v a :pe t nost Inreafnnn and po/te - \ ? Xassau sfreet N . Y , at $ ^ ft ^ fcr a 

»nd to crash the movemeni he S«l»' j , py . 5 copies to one address for $ 2.00 10' copies $ 

le South must unite Let the \'orther<! i 3 fSO- and 50 copias for $',12vj0. subctfptions will bo 

eu remember this fact when he »is dis - " :rivf ' d a V- his office - 

1 >»el elittle .he effect of Liberty part} ; 

action. [Lib Inteligencer. ! 



a Wi-iLkVVW TRACTS. The following 
tracts are on hand and for sale at this ©Mice, by the Lib- 
erty Association. 

'Condition of Living. 
The causa 'of Hard limes. 
Influence of Slave power 
One more appeal to Christians-fit. Churches'. 
Bible Polities. 

Jewish Servitude. ' '• 

Smith k Clarkson. 
Persons held to service. 
Loyal National Repeal Association. 
Duti<-sand Dignities of American Freemen. . 
Ill Treatment of People of color in the U. S. 
Testimony of a Southern Witness. C/M. Clay. 
The lawlessness of slavery*. 
Poems oh S/avery by Longfellow. 
The Missouri Compromise. 
Smiths Constitutional Argument. 
Two cents Postage . 

Address to'thepeoplc of Kentucky by C. *M. 



Tlie American ; ard Foreign Anti Slavery Society 
made"peparations to do a good work for liberty 



MORRIS COUNTY CONVENTION 

Madison Oct 15th 1845. 

At a na^et'iig of citizens of dorris ( 'ounty 
hold at. VI,. Keep's Long ftomii in Madison 
for the purpose >f no niriatina County offi- 
cers for tlv ensuing ejection Mr ^. A on. lit 
was railed to the chair & Daniel fjeliart 
.vi< ip'>oiated •^•cre arv. 

The meting vva- >p ned with prayer »y 
Rev Henry Belden 

jThft ueecnig then aJopt^d the fplluwuig 
ticket, 

LIBERTY TICKET. 

i^or Assembly, 
Jacob L. Brotherton, 
Benianain B. Griswold, 
John Grimes 
Henry R. Hedge* , 

For Sheriffs 
Charles 3. Morris, 

For Coroners, 

John Grannis, 
William Ha naway 
Jn.ncs B. Grimes. 



j Co eticut. The general n^llt, of Town j 

i .leetious. in the " .and pi steady Habits, 
i- most chewing. Mfosl of the usnaldou!^ 
ful towns fleeted Whig Offi.vrs but that, i-j 

.fa secondary moment M.ne than ihre j 
frm th&oftke Towns in the State have pretty] 

e tat ly. footed no. to he nee th sale of I -1 
t<).cicatin<; Liqoirs \mong these'aie SarT- 
; >rd .Vew ilaven, Vorwich iqd Bridgeport 
the t four 1 ! rgest owns, in the State >1i,i- 
d e>ovvn is ihe largest own in which Rii 
prevailed md in Litchfield neither tick 
was elected. «n the smaller towns, the 
Temperance ('ornmissi »ners are pntty g;< M :- 
fr.illv clmsen W'e think there will hardly 
he fortv Towns in the State in which a 

■ op pf the \rd nt" wi.'l b<- / c:\Uy sold.ai 



ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE. 

M yron Finch and Thomas A. Weed have opened an 
omce for the sale of An i Slavery Uoi.ks. Posr.phlets- 
T>acts &"c. at 118 Nassau Street, New York, Let them 

well patronized. 

MODERN PROTESTANT CHURCH CuURTS 
I \ MASKED, is' th^ title" of a Book by Ike Rev. 
. -orgc Bourne, exposing some of the ihiqnifuns pro- 
dings of Ecclesiastical bodies m the Protectant 
-.arch. It should be read by every !io;:v. 
For sale At this ofBcO, price Sl'cents. 



>r t!i? close of tiie preseni year 
one, Connecticut ! 



Nobly 



:.iJKiRrY.---The l: Razor Strop mnn v says — " Wh , 
[first go ac^uain'-'id with strong drink ii promised , 
dogtpat v.hings for mi. It promised m liberty- — and 

tiherty. 1 and th • liberty .0 see my toes poke ou' 
of my boots— -the water had the ib >rty lo go in a* m 
toes and nome o<i< at my heels my knees had liber . 
o 'in out of my ;ian's ■ my elbows had the liberty o 
com.- out of :nv oat— -I hid th>> liberty to lift up the 
the crown of my bat and scratch my head withou' 
pulling offmy hat. Not only liberty 1 got, but I go' 
nusii-. When I walk 'd along on a windy day, the 
the erb wn of 

A 11 vn'i 51 l'pp^rty lap, 
Ani .Su vvi.iJ ^hisil-e hpw Jo y.o» do.' 

Wia ngh'. vo'.lng -io-'s' Th inhabitants of Handyer 
Township in Ehis ! >aa f voted la|S %pr ig o Tax Dis 
till r-*« .0 tne ix. in. of .h "la v. This vote has shut up 
all th distil' -ri >s in he luwn. W hope to hear of more 
.uc • t ug aid .v.- hop iil«o ) §ce the rue brought 
n j *xir'c.'se apbh ii mjrai subjebtb 



CONGREGATIONALISM AND CMltROH AC- 
riO\Is a -m.! beck published by. JOB.. 'KKP 
Pastor of a Congr -gational C'n..Tch In Ohio. It rhonld 
be read by every body. A few copies for ".sale at thd 
Freeman Office; Boonton, N. J. 

ANTI SLAVERY B00H3 For sale nt the Office of 
he Freeman, Boomon, N. J- 



LIBERTY MINSTREL* 

A e copies of Cl rk'- Like.t) M imit I af* .for 
sa e at hi offi •. 

T is is sup : ior t ey • hing 'f he kind we hive 
i, u and h id be in t e ioss^^Sob of a* ety<oie hat 
i ves oid usi , A loves 1 1 nake • good u-e •>! it. 
Price, 44 c tits. H 



HiontOfi Yax'riugtoii T:mpeninci B nev- 
ole it Society^ — meets every Monday eve 
ning in the Free Church John axtkld, 
President, Fredrick Stone, Secretary. 

8- niton Liberty Assoeiattori, — meets the 
first Friday evening of every mom 
M. iivarttt, J Resident, (J. B. A orris. See. 




vol. 2. 

THE FREEMAN 

IB BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
JJoon'on, Morris Cour.ty, New Jersey. 

TERM S. 
Single copy 25. cents per annum, orfor 12. numbers 
10. copies to one address for two dollar*. 
All communications must be post paid. 



Agrippa Hull. 

It the villiage af Stockbridge, Mass., livei t black 
MM by the name of Agrippa Hall, who served in the 
ItyrolatiMtry w ar. At the eleae of it he was honcrably 
discharged, in teatimoay of which he chows a eirtifteste 
algned by General Washington He was for same years 
the aerrant af Gen. Koseiusea, of wkeae g-aereu* and 



BOOTOW, DECEMBKR 9a 1845. 

JVecks — Ike glaring Infamy and injust- 
ice of Negro Traders, escaping with Im- 
punity under t!ie American Flag. 

' 1 deem it mv duty to suggest, that the land is not 
wholly free from the contaminations of a traffic at wich 
every feeling of humanity must revolt: I mean the Af- 
rican slave trade. At the moment v hen God in his 
mercy, has blessed the world with univer- 
sal peace, there is reason to fear, that to the disgrace 
of the Christian name and character, new efforts arc 
making for the extension of the trade, by subjects and 



NO. ' 

board the Boston sloop of war, until he could examine 
into the case. ^ 

The examination nas proceeded to a great length and 
and I have given to it my persona! attention and attend- 
ance; and 1 must say it has developed a combination of 
persons and of mear s to carry on this infamous trafic to 
the dishonor of our Hag, and of all three Dations, Eng- 
land; Brazil, and the United Slates." — American Min- 
is! n- to the secretory of state* 

He expresses the opibion that if the people of the V - 
nited States knew the extent to which th? worst of pi- 
racies is conducted under their flirg, and by *e ssela 



citizens of Christian Staics, in whose hearts no senti- j aunched and owned in their free Northern waters, a 
ments of justice r ?. ; «!s,and over vhom neither the fear law would be passed at the. very next session of Cun- 



of God nor of man excrsis°s a control. In the sigh: 
"f oar law the aim an slave trader is a pirate and a f< Ion, 
and in th* Sight of I'»jv n an of wi.it far beyond *i : 
ordinary depths of human guilt. 

If there be within the extent ••'our knowledge or in 



gress, forbidding ail trade with the coast cf Africa. 

He says moreover, that every conscientious Americas 
ship owner n>»y be given tc understand that if he semis 
his verse! to this port w ith instruction* or peimiss-ko t* 
the captain to gel her chartered for the coast of Africa 
she v i l be sure tc be engaged directly or indirectly iu 
the slave trade; either as a tender to other s-Iaveis «r 
herself to carry the dreadful cargo of miserable Africa!.. 
American merchants here, to whom the American cap- 
tains coHS'gn, knowingly aid and abet the slave trade,, 
by chartering (he vessels so consigned to them for the 



smr.ane character he. speak* with lore and admoraUon. 

Agrirra has an uncommonly fne head, in* w r«- ; ?«eiK« **J fWtidpati^ in thit ttoff.c, it is our duly to 
markahlf f. r bio excellent anderstaRdipg »ad gaod char- ; it'Anmek and to do tur »tmo»l to extirpate and dsi- J 
se'.er. By hi? industry he has become possessed of • j >r*y it. 

KUble farm, which at the age cf 78, he cultivates ; f T j S j» 0 T f IT THAT THE LAND OF THE 
Eftfcffc l^i «t«iT)ent for hi* piety, »nd those who ! pj LC ,j n: . I3 tJhM;Ll) BEAR THE SHAME 

Lftbftrd him ape*k at conference mestiBgi,. which • LONGER." vhbster^s fl'jn.outh Speech Atimmodo,- coast of Africa, at a much higher "rate per month tha* 
|e is in the habit cf attending with hiswHt^r^ ghU»s, | • • jj can be go! ifasnl elawhera; not indeed for anyihog thai 

A reeeatcill upon the A uerienn Minister to B.a/'.i, | appears on the- face of the charter party, i© be Wigaee* 
Hon Henry A V. .sr- of Virg n * furnishes material m j in the slave trade, but not the less sure for that, on pwfc 
iaets, *nd ruel for reflection, which I feel disposed to pose to prosecute the trade of blood, 
lay before the. readers of the Evangelist, or any tod} j American houjes, I repeat it are the age nut or medium 
else that has a rnind thereto'. 1 found him in the fine j through « hich American brigs and berquc-s are chartered 
house he has taken in ilu norllnv st part of the city, a j for the coast of Africa to Manuel Pinto da ca- fl a 

lon» way out of to«n, in the subuib called Eagentvolho. ! notorious great slave merchant of Kic de Janeiro, 

After making a few profitable trips with alaves on 



♦ay thai in 'prty« he is drstingu-shed for fertor and el- 
oquence, pecaiiararigir.ality and rfchae« oflsaguf^ 

The arcutea «»"d wisdom of bis viev.a upon A<*1 
Bmjeet0,attd the wit and fore- of nts illuatr* tic-pa, 
make his eenvereatiaa so impressive that y. a remember 
w h«t he has sa.d long after you bare parVd from him. 

Daring » B 'Bterview of perhaps hott an f.»t«r, I v *s 
•a struck with his r? marks, that &a eocntas he left me I j It is favorably located for the quiet and health of an in- 
wrote do* a hi« aery words, -without any * te/»:ie.i or j tefesting fs.mil v of six children, one of them a little babe 
embleaaisbmeat. \^ 9T * * Rr«zilian. They are busy enough in stadias 

When I eapreased ta *jrippal r»y tpiaien .open th« i»sjd past time within the ample and shaded limits of the 
(subject of prejudice igaihat color, he said, "When j enclosure, yet *ot s^ but that the older oaes often sigh 
fmire is a l!«r.-k cf sher P , and acme black OSes amors j for thf " ocie; J Mlf 9 '^es ofhoms, and wish themaalvea 
th m, I tlwaj a think that if they behave well, th- * , , ? !,,a th?Te 

httt good a right to be f d es the white on?5. God. Althcugh irfthout a letter of introduction I met with 
will rat tak what is cur color, but what Ism beca wt » *** a^,ble reception from Mr. Wise and an 

tenad«e> 1 he Alm r-t. m»'»e . 1 <«'or 3 . Ifwft-d immediate reply to'a'l my inquiries concerning the 
RauR with th. work, W*,.fi.S fat* with the tr ^" ni ri "' 1 Attorns, which waa the object 



Hit wetk* are all good. It is not the corer of the h ek, 
but what the book contains is /.he question. Mssy a 
good book hss dark coy. i:» Which ia the worst, ths 
thite'black ftif>n, or the ble^k white man?" 
I «On;e," tsidAg rippa, "v hea I wsw a serMst tc » 
gaa*.iem«» wl;o w»» aery averb^aring end haughty, we 

Both went to the can.* ehnwrh. One Sunday s. m- '!•:- 
te gentlemen by the name af Heynes preached. Whan 

tire came cut meeting my master said to me. " Well 

•Agrippa how- do von like nigger preaching? " 

: "Sir, " answered I, "he was half black sad half 

.white; I liked my half h"w did you like yours?" 

Upon, the assertion that the slave holders cannot a- 

/bolish slavery Agrippa said, "No one can say he is o_- 
blig-'d to do wrong. When the drunkard says he cae. 
So? live, without spirits, I tell him to take tewf>er»t<- 
things fo a v hile and see if he is not better. It is his 
will that is in the fault. There is 90 aeeeaity 
wrong. God never makes ua do wrong." 



of my call.' He has been vigorously prosecuting an in- 
»»ati^»tioa inte this ii fumous business, ever since he 
has bees ther^,and it is his statement tha" not less than f 4 



charter, they are g acrally sold to Lonaeca or the Okvi 
factors fu the coast of Africa, at Cabiuda and ei.;>-v. here, 
for three timfs the money they would bring foi lawful 
voyages. The Amerirnn house gets two & a half per 
cent, commission on the charter money; then thxvt k a 
half per cent, more if they guarantee it; men two a 
half percent, more if employed tc transmit the mUm to 
the owners in the United States. The EugliA broker^ 
house, Holkiik, H r rctman & co.. the' w hich they ac T 
complish these negotiations, gets a'so two &. a haliper 
cent. The vi sseis clear at the custom house for the 
coast of Africa, with slave drcks. shackles, water tanks,, 
and appnrtenr.nces, and with a cargo of trdent spirits, 



COO *!*y«s have Ives imported from Africa during the j powder, muskets, cotton goods, &c, and aomctinses 
last year, and o,000 sinea August last in American bot-j having both an American and Brazilian or 'Portugue>:« 
toms. He ^rrew olcxjoenl in expatiating upon the pros- j captain and crew. 



ta do 



From the N. Y. Evangelist 
letter from Brazil. 

Conference with the American Alinisf-cr. tlis 



tira'iai cf the .* mcrican f to the slave trade ( and! 
said his ebirf husin*ss whilt? here, had beer, to exsminr 
depoaitioe/j afld'patpdra and make inquisitions into the 1 
recent casas in which American m-rvl.antmen hai been 
eagaged in fts nefarious fr«»tTie and transmit the proof- 
to >V»«hie;ion; and that he h»d n ter spiked harder ir, 
his life before. He has .» large fojio vol urn* a good gar] 
of it closely written with copies of despatches on this 
subject to the department of slat", fiom which he r«n'l 
'■x'ree'a. to si ow his views oj on it, aud to make me ac- 
quainted with the names nnd i>\\ nersl ip of a number cf 
sessfd^from the Uiiited States, that have been and are 
still prosecuting this infernal traffic. 

Documents hcrev iih transmj ted willshon the na- 
turr, cohnictioBS, and .» tent of the African s'ave /rid/ 
nnbluthingly'carricd on by our citix< ns under our flag. 
It S.nsgrov 11 so ' old sml * . ba -\> no longer to »<hi 
a ma»k, even to .h •• I; t s if, I • tt .. and f no arc '»t 



closure respecting the Slaw Ttode-Uff- ac( l UB ' D * < 

e it ri 11 • wr 1 / Up»n mformf 

(irnry uf {ion Mr. lline-^C. rat Covne { f\ ■ , j j .... ; 

the Ti atl<.'—H-n&- it in thai ' A/writ am sh\ r, 

jfesponsifmity and Guilt, and sane Uien j • • * 



The onlj' medium of exchange among the Africans 
is in the form of goods, wares, and merchandise, by bar- 
ter; and that between the ag-nt there and the large deal- 
n rs in »!sveg, or in goods for that market, in this coun- 
•r",is in the form of bills on Brazil. The very ivory 
and other producis of Africa for export tre brought 
from the interior lo the coast cn the heads of the tie 
groes, who are themselves to be shipped as slaves. 

It is said there is hot a merchant nor dealer of uny 
soy cn this >>i.o : e coast, froiri P ; .ra to Rio Grande, en- J 
gagrd in the. trade between Brazil and Africa, who does, 
not, direcily or indirectly, participate in the slave trade - 

Nothing is io^t if t»vo out of five, trips succeed. 

And th'at trade has of la'.e rather increased perhaps 
as Rio de Janeiro, but increased to every province of 
Brazil. 

" Slave decks are no longer indispensable. ?he water 
, ' \ I in 1 or more tiers according to th* 

-.',■>.■!. fbre a.i.d aft, and ludi mats, spread o- 

' . {tf'tlwm , \i th la»t.i • :'i'ove;rieut,of fitting a slaver. 

. .- i-.-.v. at.ip — —in deed it is proved uu- 
-i • n>r*hat took the Montevideo, 

a ..\.ei.. hol ', .01.1 but two to seven he;:; : iO ship 



cargo of bCO>hv,s. Ti«? U* 1*W v .at,-r pipes i. KXTRACT OF A LETTER FOM A FKlExsD | 
hl>d and buried iijltLe sand of the beach; and the saves* * A . '*? 

the farinha. thejirked beef, the provisions and stores, & ! "We feel en'reniely desirous that something should be 
i-he water, are moved at a moment's warning in canoes done to arouse the public wind to the cause of humanity 
and launched to the vessel waiting at a distance of five j the coining winter. Thejpresent teems a favourable time 
Irtiuutes row from the shore — Hon. Mr. Witeto the '■. to make a:i impression, in this direction; the elements 
Secretary of Stale. | of political excitement are nearly quiescent, excepting 

Having discharged their goods, the medium of bar- [ so far as the subject of slavery is involved with them. 



trr, and laken^n board their closely packed living car 
goes, the ylmerrcan captain and crew , if they had them, 
are shipped on board a brig that has gone before to act 



But here there is no such thing as quietude iu the po- 
liticai staie; the great quostion of slavery, on the very 
broadest scale, is to come up afresh, if I mistake not, 



s their trader, and a Brazilian or portvgucse captain i th( , com ,; ug winter. The attention of the people of this 



and crew are supplied if they had them not; 

In the one case, the trader brings returns to Rio de 
Janeiro, either navigated by Americans, or w ith them 
as passengers, and not un'iepuentiy with some branded 
slaves for Fonseca in some capacity as passengers For 
aught that appears, she will have performed a lawful 
voyage, that is, having only waited upon the slavers, 
wiih some goods for purchase money of the slaves, and 
got them ready, and having then helped the slavers to a 
Brazilian or Portuguese crew, who, if taken by English 
cruisers, cannot be hung like Americans or subjects o* 
Great Britain. The bloody slaver then speeds her way 
through the'middle passage, 'slily lands her human cargo 
more dead than alive, at Cape Frio Mangaratiba or oth- 
er places along the coast of Brazil, and boldly runs into 
this port in ballast, and fits again for the'atrocious voyage. 

Mr. Wise has now in custody on bord the frigate 
Raman, two Afiican lads with Fonseca's brand upon 
them, that were broughtuto port as pretended passen- 
gers in an American brig, along^with Fonseca's agent, 
who ha* been in the brig up and down the African cost 
to contract for slaves, said American brig/acting as tend- 
er to 3 or 4, others immediately employed in exporting 
slaves, she was seized by the U. S. brig Bainbridge", 
on the charge of being engaged in the (slave trade; bu 
afterwards delivered up to the Brazilian authorities for 
judgment, who have, if I amgrightiy informed released 
the master and officers, whom Mr. Wise was desirous 
of sending for trial to the United States. 

There is a tale of blocdjind horror connected with 
this brig, to be in due time unfolded. It was given on 
oath, a few weeks ago, by aseamanof an other American 
brig, the Kentucky, that the first night after leaving the 
coast of Africa with a cargo of 650 blacks, a part of 
theta got loose from their manacles and rose on the crew. 
But being armed wiih muskets and cutlasses, the crew 
soon drove them below again, and killed a number by 
firing into them after they had cried for quarters. 
A tew days after, others of the survivers were condemn- 
ed, then to be hoisted up to the foreyard arm, chained to- 
gether, and shot dead. When two w. 



whole union must be turned to it ; and it is very clear 
to me that if abolitionists make sufficient exertions, and 
avail themselves in a proper manner of recent and pass- 
ing events, the anti-slavery sentiment, and feeling may 
he diffused to a wonderful extent, and much real pro- 
gress be affected. At such a time, when all things seem to 
invite us onward, when providence has prepared the 
way for bold and vigorous efforts to be made with of 
feet, shall we labor, or shall we be idle? The question 
appeals to every one who can read or speak to his 
neighbor, but especially to those who arc capable of pub- 
lic speaking. And I ask with an earnestness which but 
few subjects can excite in me, if we have not in our 
state the means of employing public lecturers to visit 
every neighborhood the ensuing winter. 

In my immediate vicinity, we are indeed few in name 
if not iu reality, though I am much mistaken if here 
in Sussex County, where no man who is not sworn to 
stick to the democratic party whether right or wrong, 
dares open his mouth, there might not be awakened by 
a suitable public speaker, an anti-slavery agitation that 
should tell heavily at the polls another year. 
Such a speaker would find in Deckertown a fewindivid 
uals who would welcome him with open hearts, acd 
stand by him in the public assembly. I had intended to 
present this subject to the State meeting at Patterson, 
if I could have been' there. I desire you through your 
paper or otherwise to inform me if any thiDg in this 
way can be affected by the State society. 

We have for several months past been doing an active 
business in the cause of temperance in this quarter, 
and are now about closing the season of frequent public' 
meetings 

In this business wc have no difficulty in enlisting the cler 
gy , who, we are thankful and happy to see do not set their 
faces against ull reforms. But in the cause of the poor 
degraded down-trodden slave, a cause that of all others 
most addresses itself to the feelings of humanity, we 
hear but faint and indistinct murmurs ; or find them un- 
der the mantle of some D. D., urging their apologies 
for a sin that is u organic.'''' But I will not trouble you 



ere taken out of. 

the hold chained together, of whom only one was to Ion S er on thia t0 P ic - 
die; to save the shackles, and to save time, they chopp- We are compelled to inform our friend that the 
ep off their victims foot at the ancle, let the leg loose. State society has no funds to pay an agent with, but if 

the Friends in his village can raise a little to pay the 



then run him up the yard arm, and finished by shoot.ng 
him. In this manner „ — i j a& _ , ° 



In this manner were mnrdered 4G men and cne expenses of a Lecturer we can send on a man to labor 
woman ) short time in his county: We trust our Friend will 

and fat If 8 Infrrnal busill(ss «• carried on eagerly j uot fail to be at the annua! meetiag in Jan. at Trenton, 
or ii rt * " V *f eV f ei '' a " d Americ an merchants, knowingly j where arrangements may perhaps be made to do the 
, panaer lor it; and make what gain they can by work we are gratified to find he is so ar.::ious to have 
such fltfertbh! pimping Mr. Wise has written his legal I accomplish^ 

opinion to Maxwell, Wright & co. on their par' in the t — 

bnsmess which the law of his country have declercd pi- ! FREE STATE RALLY AND TEXAS CHAIN 

racy, warning them and other American merchants a- [ BREAKER. 

gainst it, und.declareing his fixed purpose to see to iti This is the title of anew paper just started at Boston, 

that the laws of his country are enforced and the star- I to be continued until the Texas question is settled, aud 

•palled batter cleansed from the blood of this atrocioas ! is published by Jordan & Willey. 

trafic.k which in fact it is made to shield British cruis- ! The freemen of Massachusetts are making a«strong 

CM s eldo.u daring to overhaul a vessel under uVAn.er- 1 effort to p revent final consummation of this infamous 

lean n»?; American citizens, and they- too "en^ralh ' • ti a i- 

, lU1 .' £tuerB!i\ , o,„„„„ I he same effort is makin 



7v- * j scueme. i ne same cnori is ma-King in other States, 
trom the north, not scrupling to employ their vessels j^j wc (rusl the slaveholders will vet hare a stru^le 
wftite thev can get the most 



pay,* May Gob hies; 
those , I believe, hoi, est and earnest effort* to suppre.-; 

Slave trade, by a rn;m who is himself a stateKoldei 
aud wl... has stood in such nn attitude to abolition, et 
lnalfpn tin' anomaly "f his present position and varfan 
tht- more retuarkchle. But of this more hereafter, 

T)»»'t forjffij, the Ratitioaa agatait Texas. 



I to accomplish their Resigns. 



MAINE. 

The offieiaS vote in Mn ; »p-rs thus given. 

.. » ' - fa 
Democrat . 30,0«lti 
Whig ' 23,983 

Lib- rt v \ "M37 , 



1844. 
45,17H 

4.8*9 



LIBERTY PARTY IN N- CA lit) LIN A. 
A friend in IN. Carolina, says he is converted 
to the liberty party, and writes to another: 
trend in /ndiana thai he is going to estadlih 
a Liberty party press in N. Carolina Here 
is an extract from his letter, which we take 
from the Cincinnati Herald. 
'I now come to the subject of slavery 
which I want to say something about. 

Thou knowest that I was once a whig, 
because I know no better ; but now I belong 
to the Liberty party, and am a whole soul- 
ed opponent to all pro-slavery parties. I 
knew that slavery was an evil before I e- 
ver saw thee, but this much I will say, thou 
hast the honor of making to the Liberty- 
party one feeble prosolyte. 

"But, the one great object of this epistle 
is this: — There is one man bold enough 
and philanthropic enough to send out a 
Prospectus for an Anti-Slavery paper. 

"But here k the point. He will be com- 
pelled to have 400 subscribers from the free 
States the first year. This will give the 
paper a start, after w hich 1 think its pat- 
ronage here will support it. /say, and re- 
iterate, that tbe existence of t he paper rest 
with you." 

This is very important intelligence. We 
hope the 400 subscribers fr om the North 
will be quick supplied. The preaching 
must be done here first, and the money 
must be raised here next in subscriptions 
for liberty papers at the South. C. M. 
Clay had only 300 subscribers in Kentucky 
and 1.700 at the North, when he commen- 
ced the "True American." We must re- 
member that there are few like Birney, C 
M. Clay. &c, &c, that dare speak out, and 
they depend upon the North for encourage- 
ment and support. The ball is rolling. 

[True American. 

Can't thet take care or themselves. — Two fugi- 
tives from slavery in thfe free republic, to freedom in 
the dominions of a monarch, travelled from the far 
South, several hundred miles through the slave States, 
in the night time and on foot. When ona of tken was 
asked how they obtaiained provisions, he replied in true 
Irish brogue, that he was raised in an Irish family, and 
learned their manner of talking ; and a* they bad nco- 
ney with them, which they had earned by »atra work, 
I hey wen able to pay for what they wartad to eat. To 
obtain which he would approach near caoogh fa a 
house after the darkness of the night .set Lr», "so thrt bis 
color could not be distinguished at a little distance, aitd 
calf from the road inquiring in his Irish dialect for such 
articles as he wanted. If the reply was favorable, ha 
would ray, "Well I'll send my servant to gat hr, >. 
Having thus prepaid his way, be would enkr boldiy, 
and reoive and pay for the needful provision, to eoavay 
to his |rish master. If any of the i ..suspecting iaaiatea 
of the house took it into their heads, as they sonetiae* 
did, to accompany him to the road, his ma.-irr was sure 
to be r»issing,having,us he told them, gone ahaad. Civut 
they take cure of themselves ' Tret lobvr vdvwut*. 

$5=. We trust our friends iu West Jersey will be a- 
wake to the importance of the meeting in Jan. next and 

come up to the meeting in great numbers full 'of Zv.il 
tor the redemption of our <>s\ n State and the .Word from 
he withering curst' of slavery. Why should they .no*;. It 
k a noble .object Worihy ofsr<taf sa<?rihoea. 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOONTON, DECEMBER 9, 1845. 



Hearts dead to the claims of man, cannot be alive to 
the commands of God : and religion cannot flourish on 
the ground where humanity withers. Keep. 



influence in other State. 

Letters have been written to Wm. Elder, Samuel 
Aaron, Lewis Tappan, & others and it is expected .that 
Alvan Stewart will be there with other eminent advo- 
cates of the causes of freedom. 

The time of the meeting and other particulars will be 
given in the next No. of the Freemen, without fail, 

The Pennsylvania Freeman, Elevator, and American 
Citizen please notice this meeting. 

The Rev. George Bourne, long knowu as a true 
and earnest friend of the slave, died suddenly, on thurs- 
day, Nov 20th, in the office of the Christian Intelli- 
gencer, in this city. About twenty five years since he 
was driven from Virginia, and virtually from the Presby- 
terian Church, in consequence of his faithful and fear- 
less opposition to slavery. It was his case, more than 
any other one thing, that was the occasion of striking 
from the Presbyterian Confession of faith and Discipline, 
tho note to the eighth commandment in which the hol- 
ding of slaves was declared to be man stealing 

He had promised to write out for us the whole his- 
tory of that important proceeding. But he is gone. 
His " Picture of slavery" will be read with new 



rhat fpanj good 
which s?a oes are 



'.. ■<■'■■. ;<>i!ii,l for the truth . I know 
. . ; i e '.ci av. are of (he treatment to 
i0taily s>>bjec.<cd, nor have they any 



just idea of the extent of the evil." 



THE FREEMAN. 

We have to apologize again for the delay of our pa- 
per, which should have been out the first of the month, 
but we had the misfortune to lose some of our help and 
at the same time have been burdened with a heavy in- 
crease of other cares. If we could receive paying sub- 
scribers enough to enable us to hire regular help, punc- 
tuality in these matters would be easy. It is very mor- 
tifying to do business in this way and therefore we 
make tho following 

PROPOSITION : 

We will enlarge the " Freeman " a little, print it bet- 
tor, edit it better, and send it out punctually every 

week, if our friends will find us 400 PAYING subacri- j - nterest and he m bc loRg rtrntrn bered as one of the 
bers, at one dollar each. We must have this number ! 



of subseribers with pay in advance. It will require great 
economy to make this sum meet the expenses, which 
will cost the cash. Our own services must be gratui- 
tous, with all the volunteer aid we can get. 

THE ELECTIONS. 
The late elections have shown a great degree of apa- 
thy on the part of politicians of every creed- The fal- 
ling off in the vote from last year has been immense in 
the Whig and Democratic parties. In Pennsylvania 
the Whig vote has fallen off 72,000— the Democratic, 
48,000 — while the Liberty vote has increased 494. The 
Whig and Democratic votes have fallen off much in the 
iaaa way in the other States, while with one or twe 
exceptions, the Liberty vote has had a small increase, 
ttaugh in some of the States the increase of the Liber 

y »ote has been very respectable. Dying uw&j seems 

'» have got on the other side. 

NEW JERSEY. 
We have teeeived returns from oaly 4 counties in 
iia State, via : 

Morris, 35. 
Essex, 

Had; ;©s , 17. 
Gloucester, 26. 
la Pasaaic co ticket was formed, where th.*y ahculd 
give 30 »otes, Sussex had 7 totes and several others 
returned a few votes last year. 

C'ir Jersey City friend* are doing nobly in the cause, 
and we trcst their spirit will yet prevail throughont 
the State. 

;| ? ? 

It w;!l be perceived is the proceeding? of the Str.te 
meeting reeektfy held in Patterson, that the Society h;s 
resolved to hold its anacal meeting in Trenton in Jim. 



earliest and most faithful pioneers in the anti-slavery 
cause in this country. 

ANTI SLAVERY BIBLE ARGUMENT, BY 
AC1TIZEMOF VIRGINIA This is the title of a 
pamphlet of about 100 pages just published by S. W. 



THE STATE MEETING. 

This Society held its Quarterly Meeting 
on the 12th iSov. in the Free Churcjj Pat- 
terson, 

At 12 o'clock A. M. the meeting was 
called to order by Benj. Crane of Patesou 
one of the vice President & prayer was 
offered by MrWeed. 

The minutes of the last meetings were 
read, and Messrs Grimes, Belden & Howe 
were appointed a committee to prepare 
buisinesa for the day. 

The meeting then adjourned to. 3 o'clock 
P. M. 

3 o'clock the meeting was called to or- 
der and prayer was offered by Mr. Belden. 

The business committee reported the 
following resolutions which were adopted. 

Resolved, That true philanthropists will never grow 
weary in well doing; that to relax effort in a good cause 
on account of the slowness of its progress or the lew 
individuals engaged in such cause, is to show ourselves 
unworthy the name of christian or philanthropist, and 
proves all such as grow inactive from this cause ne un- 
faithful Sentinels. 
2, Resolved, That we regard the proposed annexation 



Benedict, N. Y. and for sale by Finch & Weed 118 j of Texas to this naton, as unconstitutional; that it 



Nasasu Street N. Y 

All who think slavery a divine institution should read 
this pamphlet. It is of peculiar value coming from one 
who lives in the midst of slavery, but it contains in itself 
enough to reach any conscience that is susceptible to the 
influence of Christianity. 



The Missouri. — By private letter whr.h has reached 
us from Gibraltar, we are inform': . upon good authority 
that 20,000 slave shackles for men, women, and chil- 
dren, in all fourteen cart-loads, have been fished up 
from the wreck of the American war-steamer Missouri, 
lately burnt at that port. Hampshire Telegraph (Eng.) 

By the last arrivals, we see that a correspondent of 
the London Times re-affirms this fact. Can it be true ? 

This statement has been some time before the public 
in this country and as yet we have seen no attempt to 
disprove it. If true, here is one of our government 
vessels, built, manned, and sustained at the expense of 
oar National Treasury, giving very important aid to the 
most abominable species of piracy that ever disgraced 
any civilized nation. Our government hangs, as pirates, 
all these found guilty cf participating in the African 
Slave trade, and here is one of her own vessels engaged 
in furnishing these pirates with the cruel means of con- 
ducting their business. Only look at it ! " Fourteen 
cart-Iaads of shackles for men, women, and children, " 
found on board &f a vessel belonging to the navy of the 



only free nation pi earth! This is a fair specimen of ! *he^ Liberty Party 
the encouragement which lave traders and slave-hcld- 



proposed to be done for the base purpose of propping 
up the abominable crime of slave-holding in this 
nation, by securing a slave holding majority in both bran- 
ches of congress, thus turning the whole current of our 
national legislation to the support and perpetuation of 
slave-holding interests, aud r.nd that it is the duty of 
every true friend of human liberty to continue firm, 
faithful, and unceasing, in his labor? of opposition to the 
final consummation of this wicked scheme. 

Resolved, 3. That we approve of the suggestions 
made at the great Eastern Convention, of renewed ef- 
fort in opposition to the final passage of any act of cong- 
ress, ratifying the act of annexation passed at the last 
session of congress, and agreed upon by the government 
Sf Texas, sad earnestly recommend to the friends of 
liberty in all parts of the s tate, to circulate without tic- 
lay, petitions against the annexation of Texas, to be 
sent on to congress at the commencement of ' its next 
session in December. 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend to all aboli- 
tionists to take some one or more of the Libery Party 
papers, inasmuch as the papers of the either parties, 
studiously avoid publishing those things' which are most 
important to the cause of liberty. 

Resolved 5. That whether the Liberty Party as such, 
ever reaches such a majority as will enable it directlv 
to wield the civil power of this nation or not, is not 
a question which is to decide the past, present, and fu- 
ture usefulness of the Liberty Party; inasmuch as we 
believe, that most if not all of what the other parties 
have done, and are doing for human liberty, either by 
lfgisiation or otherwise, they are driven to by the in- 
fluence of the principles enforced at the ballot box by 



for a Ions; time. Shall it be continued ? 



This we believe at this time to be of the greatest im 

i f . , ... . . . era have receivec m vane us v, ays trom our government 

pcrwon'e. Jnr Legislature will be in session at that;,. , .„ ., .. , .. , „ b 

time. A great many people of intelligence feoin all "parts 
of tH State will be there, and it is of the greatest im- 
portance tb.st the friends cf Liberty in all parts of the 
St»te ehonld coma up to thtt meeting. Liberty demands 
it, Truth demands it, Humanity demands it, tho injured 
honor of our State demantis it. Several times within 
the. past ycir New Jersey has been made the hunting 
ground d southern desperadoes, and the peaceable, un 
offi 



The Ladies of Loonton will have a F&IXt on Christ- 
mas day in the Spacious Carpenter Shop near the Fac- 
tory It will be opened at, 10 o'clock A. M., and contin- 
ue op«i: in the afternoon and evening. A great variety 
ol useful & Fancy Articles will be "offered for sale. 



'ending citizens of cur State have beec forcibly dreg-! ' i 

..... J ;ar.tt r. «T..-at abundance of first rate refreshments will be 

gsd away at midnight, contrary to our tews kto slavery j , ro ,id<?d 

Shall these outrages continue ? Is it sot the duty of ev- j r Dec. 9 1845. 

ery man to eome out and testif, in tne beet pouihfeway i ■ 

against such infamous outrages on justice and humanity ' Extract of a letter d:i ^ J J % 2nd '» 1834 Mr , 

and wicked violators of our laws, and how can he do it | ! f athan Cole ' of St Louis ' Missouri to Arthur Tappan j 



beter than eome up to Trenton in Jan. lf-this meeting 



is well attended it can bt' made to tell for the cause 
yfew^r feftNfotg wiffl power and have a rhiarl 



Esq. of New York. 
j-| " Iain not an advocate of the immediate unci uncon- 



I diti 



onal emancipation of the slaves (four country, yet 



Resolved 6 That it is the duty of all consistent adva- 
cates of liberty to extend a helping hand to fugitive 
slaves; to clothe, feed, entertain, encourage cud help 
them on to places where they can live ic jx'a^c and se- 
curity in the enjoyment of that liberty which is denied 
them in most parts of this land. 

Resolved 7 That when this society adjourn it will 
abjourn to hold its annual meeting in the City of Tren- 
ton in January next. 

The first was taken up and freely commented on by 
Messrs Belden, Weed, Flavel, Howe, Morris and oth- 
ers, and adopted. The seventh was then taken up and 
discussed and unanimously adopted. The remaing res- 
| clutions were then laid on the table, for further discuss- 
I ion in tliL evening and the meeting adjourned to hal 
1 past seven o clock. 

j In the evening addresses were given by the Re 
I Messers Belden, Morris and Weed, Mr. Howe an 
others mostly on the subject of prejudice against color- 
i ed people A remonstrance against Texas was sigfted 
I by many of the audience, the remamder of lthe reeolu 



mini has «r«t yd depicted the uretchednefa of the sit- ■ lions w ere adopted and the Societi fcdiournerl. 



■ ttSBSSSBESSSBtSBA 

TfclE A NT! SLAVERY ALMANAC. 

for ISi is ju.il; published by FINCH & WEED, 118 
;:;,.> . $t?§et New York, and for sale by them, whole- 

saie : .> I t> ait. They are also for' sale at the olfice of 

th • Freeman in Boon-ton. 

E.-ery aati slavery man in the Srate should constitute 

Edftisulfaa asjeiit for the sale and distribution of this Al - 

mauac; Lot this he done without delay. 



MARRIED 

D .c Oih,hy the Rev. Mr Barker; at Metutchen Mr.' 
Isaac EvarUfp- Beonton,. to Miss Eiiza Jane Riker. of 
.hatiiam. 



Temperance Record. 

Temperance Anecdote.— Hn old lady residing not 
many Mitel distant, k?pt a very large family of turkies, 
perhaps* sixity. the, like a great many other people, 
the ight a v at deal of her turkies, consequently valued 
them 1 eery highly. Opposite ler door was a West 
Indian Good S ore. The man who kept it one day 
emptied his casks of cherries, intending to replace with 
new. This ojd lady, being economical, thought it a 
peat pity to have all these cherries wasted, and in 
ordefc to have them saved, she would just drive over 
her turkies} and let them eat them. In the counte of 
the dav the old, lady thought she would look after them 
and see they were in no mischief. She approached to- 
ward and Id ! in one corner lay her turkies in one huge 
pile, dead. Yes they were stone dead. What was to 
Le done ? 

Surely the good matron cou ! d not loose all the fea- 
thers ! Sh3 must pick them ! She called her daughter* 
and picked them intending to have them buried the neat 
mprning. Morning came, end behold ther- were her 
turkies a'aiking about the yard fea herleu enough, a. 
maybe supposed, crying out 'quit, quit,' feeling ao 
doubt mortitfod that their drunkest fit had "been the 
means of loosing .heir coa's.— - Pour thingJ, if they had 
b*id quit b.-;fora they begun th y would not have been 
in this ' bad fi*.' 

I n^ic a Ivite all young men who are in tLe habit of 
nking, to leavi o.l fofore they get picked : auJ ttj 
these who do not, let every young lady say, 4 quit.' 

Some Yankee editor says he -likfd to died larfiu' tea*. 
| drunken chap trying to pocket the ehedvw of • 
»winjivij sign which he mistook for a pocket laudker 
phief. Exchant}* Paper. 

The Alleghany (Pa) Methodist Confer- 
ence L :4 1 1 ! * required "thai no minister shall 
be admit led into liie conference who uses 
Lobacco in any of its forms except as a medi- 
cine, and in that case satisfactory evidence 
shall foe giveu" ' 



POET'S CORNER 

A N T I - S L A V E ft Y LYRIC. 

BY JAMES SJILLMAW." 

He quails, the dsmon despot q nails, 
liis coward cheek is blansh'd with fear, 
For Freedom's marshalPd host assails, 
And well tie knows his end is near ; 
Truth sheds abroad its glorious rays, 
And shows the mighty vict<>ri<s won, 
While err. r shrinks before the blaze, 
As clouds are aeatter'd by the sun. 

In vain the despot fiend invokes 
His leigon band* to gather round, 
And bring fresh chains and heavier yokes, 
That many may yet he lighter bound; 
For lo ! the fiat hath gone forth — 
Heaven wills the freedom of the thrall, 
And o'er the universal earth 
The thrones of slavery shall fall. 

A dauntless spirit is evoked 
Which force o~ fraud can never quell, 
And voices long with anguish choked 
The song of triumph soon shall swell, 
And echoing round from shore toshers, 
O'er mountain, prairie, land and sea, 
Loud as ten thousand thunder's roar, 
Proclaim our country now is free. 

Ye who would human spirits crush, 
And quench the soul's aspiring risn.a, 
When you can stay the lava's gush, 
Or the tornado's fury tame, 
Then hope to stay the onward i r : 
Of Liberty's embattled train — 
Crash moral might by brutal fore*, 
And Slavery's hat ful rale sustain. 



From the yoeh'e Monthly visit r 
In theytar 1911 n -ar the city of Louisville, Ky. a* 
the » 'XLon went to open a grave yard he found there a 
si»v* mo.'her digging a grave for h- r o*u infant which, 
without shroud or coffin was lying by hen a the earth. 
Her ifosterss led sent fo-r thus to bury her iefoni tesiv.- 

the expense of grav c'oths and coffin; Mr. Need- 

t •■■■«, Speech in the Liberty Coaventiou, June 13, 1815. 



TJIX SL..1VK .1IOTI3XU. 



ANTI-SLAVERY TRACTS. The following 
tracts are on hand and for sale at this office, by the Lib-, 
erty Association. 

Condition of Livinsr. 

a 

The cause of Hard times. 

Influence of Slave power 

One more appear to Christians & Churches. 

Bible Politics. 

Jewish Servitude. 

Smith & Clarkson. 

Persons he/d tp service. 

Loyal National Repeal Association. 

Duties and Dignities of American Freemen. 

Ill Treatment of People of color in the U. 

Testimony of a Southern Witness. C. M. Clay. 

The lawlessness of slavery. 

Poems on S/avery by Longfellow. 

The Missouri Compromise. 

Smiths Constitutional Argument. 

Two cents Postage 

Address to t'ae;Peepl»Jof kea'.aehy ay 0. M. 

Cloy. 



J J» The American and Foreign Anti Slavery Society 
has made preparations to do'a good veeik for liberty, 
the comming year. 

The Rev. A. A. Phelps of Bostea ie engaged aa a-i 
gent and Editor of the Aoti Slavery Reverter. The 
Reporter is an excellent paper pualieae« monthly at 
llt» Nas-au s'rret N. Y. at $ 0,50 a year far a aingla 
copy. 5 copies to one address for 3 5».W 19 capias $ 
i.ij. end bJ ci;.r-s for -~> i 2,50. auberierieae will ba 
received ot this atiics. 



V 



v.- n» *» 
V ¥ 

ANTI SLAVERY BOO si STOHhV 



?>Iyroa Finch and ThoB»«« > A. Weed esee epaaed a* 
•dice for the sale of Aati Slavery Boaka, Pataphleta 

Ti scU Slc. at 118 Nassau Street, New Yerk, Lei tkaaa 
ba well > w. id. 



; m- us,— It is said the editor »t tie 

)qtk)la.rid Qa,zet\.%. Michigan ■ has su«cUhe 
editirofthc I'ontiac i.-. .'• . tn, for char 

ging l'.i'm with having ptiiilcd the Garland 
ior^cry- Won't the fttath come o«t ou the 

iair. 




's.-k rnii a runaway s'.ave irm th? South, arvi*- 
;J Dft jil ; iv : -r oiti morning i.» v. .uiui;»»r, atJ a.»« h-~ 
mg -»re of- hiV * hereabouts, skulked arovte bates 
knees; until foiling In with s-ime of ii* <» *, tt sliiy 
accosted tbcm au l inquired of tb«sin the ehertest ro'it 
toCaiiada, te wliich Ihry rejdied, H G\it swsy * tt < 
yo« ibfli • J "U are iq Ci r.c <:.'■ 'I t r i,. »«> aj a w» t •.- 
uenless for a tnoment, locking nt i i.> infs sr.sr.Cs iv\ 
t'»e • jamping up and down as ttVaViy perjesdio • e: 
ii* bow t.-frs would permit, snd WneoKiVg v 1 1 i-i 1 and 
around aiappiflg Inck his coat le.il will' botli r.»r<'.v. ex- 
Vla ; med 'Ms 3 free 9 »— "is 1 W'-'- is 1 i>v. ?*1 he 
iween eaah cx^ia-uat'on hlowin? off itte^iu in a v-rr pc- 
culittr to his :<i::l-. — -D;Cij Adc«rlit$r. 



Air: — A,ah>/t T)awj\:w. | 
The slave mothor leaved o*: h?r maftock full weary, 
At the grey of th* dawi, in (hat home nPihe desldt : 
Where the tall city's shade made eachgreefl jrave lao's j 
dreary, 

Though spangled w ith tears which kind nature hvl shah i 
Rat »h« recked not that cold dews were filling (ouud he | 
i'hou^'h weary with toil and ikoujh fainting for food, 1 
l'«*r the last tia was anokas tvhich to feeing had bound 
h-r, 

And ftfeaas ti e fstedtjdsi fo.- lif» i:i her biaii 

v \*r ehihlren %• n.i.l.»r t love ei re she had !ov»d thssa 
J* it • 'Id were tii- y savf !»,•• c.irpae by her aide.; 
\)4>i all fo r fs;»rs for ».rr chihLand removed them, 
ksi s«r J«v. pa «• «:j ho^e *iih r.«-s \ml f»b« had died; 

0, Ue>, %i»\. f * ••'« i ku« ■> i-# it • J »a 6rst i» tt U'.t. 

1. < U a| |-«sge v.. «•>•,>..».(. ti.e lips totald not »p»..ik, 
Site theu|fhl that : s Safety In d-«(th was for b»tur, 
Thiii the joy fo»dfo'l » i»»u-i» b» athsd ou her cheek; 

A tad she prayed, ti< s : a k i * i »v Utt sUangi ta-.», pre- 

The »t k-wLiiikss a-rJ cwtTui, «« rest for her c' ild, 
hat- 'soon L.-r to.-' biya.! might L-rr bale's sleep, bf 



MODERN PROTESTANT CHURCH COURTS 
UNMASKED, is the title of a Book by the Rev 
George Dourne, exposing some of th* iniqui/oue pro- 
ceediags of Ecclesiastical bodies ia the Protestant 
church. ll khould b* read by every body, 
sale a< this otbee, prica 31 caaUt. 



CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION U » •>" "1 hook puhlishad by JOHN 1.EEI* 
Pa. tor of a Congregational Church is Ohio. It should 
he read by every body. A few copies for aala at taa 

Freeman Office, Booaton, N. J. 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For wis at ths OHeaef 

the Freeman, Boonton, N. J. 

L <H EETYMIJrSTRE.£, 

A 'few copies of Clurk's Liberty Minstrel srs f*>c 

jale a: t h i - office. 

'Phis is sup ri t to rtny thing (Y the kind we have, 
seen, am' shoud be in t'<e posscaaton of everyone that 
loves \'o >d musi , ;tud loves to make a good use of it. 
Price, 44 cents. 



Her heart c> tnore wnvp. avil her brain no more wild: 
^orsi.e sail!, v . i.it. rod u r.ei dtrk vapors -ispirantj, j J$ 0 on,';OV Liberty A <W>cialiafl>-r-r\\eGt* th©- 
T l ••• cvii; from A,r moss furf wliich covered the Ef.avej . , .'J, r,,...^ n.nntli 

T,,i,l ih •, . d r ■ heiar) fta ty^n*. | farst * ,,ldaV * VCWV * ^ ^ 2 " L 

A..d d, for i..., cu-ear tUti d.c life of a stave. | M, HvtirU ; Presided, V. i) ^OlTts, 9m 



Boanton Washington Temperance Benev- 
olent Socieffr-meets every Monday W» 
ning til the Free Church. D Norri^ 
President, Martjds Evarts Secretwy ? 




vol. 2. 



BOONTOW, JANUARY 10, 1846- 



If©. 8« 



«!3 



THE FREEMAN 

IS BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey. 

TERMS. 
Single copy 25. cents per annum, or for 12. numbers 
10- copies to one address for wo dollars. 
All communications must be post paid. 



From the Luzerne Democrat. 
THE YOUTH THAT WAS JET UNO. 

The Sheriff took out his watch, and said '"If you 
have anv thing to say, speak now, for you have only 
live minutes to live. " The young man burst into 
fears, and said — "I have to die. I had only one little 
brother ; he had beautiful blue eyes, and flaxen hair, 
and I loved him; but one day I got drunk for the first 
time in my life, and coming home, I found my little 
brother gathering strawberries in the garden, and I be- 
came angry at him with out a cause, and I killed hirn 
atone blow with a rake, I did not know anything 
about it until next mourning when awoke from my 
sleep, and found myself tied and guarded, and was told 
that when my little brother was found his hair was 
clotted with blood and brains, and he was dead. — 
Whiskey had done this. It has ruined me. I never 
was drunk but once. J have only one word to say, 
and then I am going to my final Judge. I eay it to 



secret poison ! See the wasted form — the anguished 
eye — the dread of friend and foe — the horrible war oi" 
the necessary craving for food-^and the instinctive 
keen sence of fatal poison — now when all that God ha& 
intended for support in the trying hour are turned bite 
the bitterest curse — look there, misery and madness 
struggling for supremacy — and cold, certain inevitable 
death the sole arbiter and giver of rest ! Tell us now 
the untaught impulse of the heart of man, is not this 
worse than death in the Wattle field ? Go see the- "cat 
o'nine" buried in the flesh of the unprotected slave — 
see his ashy shrivelled from — his rags — Lis foul and 
comfortless hut — tear him from his home — blot outfrcm 
his eye the loved images of wife, children, and Irkndt 
—and who are the men who do this tiring ? Every cit- 
izen who by his cole allows the vilest icrctch to do the 
deed ivith impunity ! But the ciziten was bom to it — 
love of wealth, pleasure and pride, have usurped the 
place of unbought conscience: many palliatives ccme to 
his help-— and if conscience awakes heaven help us — 
there is a great and merciful and omnipotent God, who 
can purify the most deep stained sou!, and upon repen- 
tance make the tortured spirit happy once more! 

But when and how shall we class that man who 
knocks from under our tottering and weary feet. this 
last scaffolding of hope, and makes God himself the 
worst of tryants— the falsest of friends — the most unjust 
of fancied existences' The man w ho attempts tc just- 
ify slavery from the Bible is that man! If he wins us 
to his opinions,' he tnnkes us an inlideJ — we lose our 
belief in the existence Of a God — our idea of the immor- 



and endless eternity. 

I was melted to tears at the recital and the avvfu/ 
spectacle. My litlle h"art seemed as if it would burst 
and ireak away from my aching bosom, so intolerable 
were my feelings of grief. And there in that carriage 
while on that cushioned seat, streaming eyesupon the 
body of that unfortunate young man, as it hung, dang- 
ling and writhino betw een heaven aud earth, as . unfit 
for either place, there it was that I took the Pledge 
never to touch the hurtful poison. 

Long years have passed away. — White hairs have 
thickened around those temples, then so ruddy & young 
but I have never forgotten the laet words of that young 
man, and I have never violated that pledge. When 
the tempter has offered me the sparkling goblet, the 
words of that young man have seemed to sound in my 
ear again. — [Old man's Story. 



youns, people. Never! Never!! NEVER!!! take 
any thing that can intoxicate P As he pronounced these ta!it y of the soul - al > distinction betwee n right and 
words, he sprang from the box, and was lauuehad into wron g-~ we sink fr°™ the man into die beast— we 

would not scruple to muid -r our mother for a meal of 
victuals — or scatter the desecrated remains of a dead 
sister, er father, or wife, to^manure cur cucumber vines? 
We thank God that instinct is stronger than reasoning 
and conscience more powerful than argument. We do 
most sincerely believe, and we deliberately weigh what 
we say, that a!! the books and papers which have been 
written to prove slavery a divine institution, has never 
con vinced a single man or woman that it was right— 
no not one! We have not read the argume nt above re- 
ferred to — life is to short for a man to read a long dis- 
course to prove that a man may not murder his fatiier 
or sell his country for gold, or enslavs his fellow man! 
If then we will not and cannot read the argument of our 
able frienei, "A Virginian, "in defence of the right, what 
shall we say of the God "defying defender of the wrong? 
We promised to give the "Alabama Preacher' and his 
class around when we get cool, Ave now postpone itfor- 
The following article from C. M. Clay's ever, for until this miserable and dying being of ours be- 
True American is one of the best he ever ^mes yet most de serving of all the ills that flesh is 
_ . , i i j ,i • i • . , , , . heir to, we never can associate in our mind Religion 

wrote and we should think it would bring a . CT ... .., 4 .... , , ° , 

° and slavery without tbe< most unqalrned loathing and 

blush upon the cheeks of some Northern hot indignation? 
men of "standing and influence," as well as 
proslavery voters every where Lib .Stand 

R We have before us "a condensed anti-slavery Bible 
^argument, by a Citizen of Virginia,'' a pamphlet of 90 
wages, New York, 1845, — We are ever pained when 
IWe see or hear Religion and Slavery mentioned in con- 
nexion. Hear we confess we lose all that charity which 
IWe can at limes feel towaids the greatest criminals and 
the worst of crimes. We imagine that no one looks 
Upon the lion and snake with the same feeling, although 
path may be threatened by both. Goto the field of bat- 
tle and sec the brains scattered from the crushed scull 
or the great gush oi the heart's blood! and the. greatest 
"work of Gexl has been marred! This site is horrid en- 
Bu* 50 to the gboi.iy c) arober of the victim o* 



THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

This body, in 1787, recommended it to all their peo 
pie to use the most prudent mesures; consistent with 
the interests of the state of civil society in the countries 
where they live, to procure eventually the final abolit- 
ion of slavery in America. 

They re-affimcd the same judgement in 1793. 

In 1784, the General Assembly adopted certain 
"scripture proofs and notes" to the Confession of jPaith. 
Note b, appended to a question of the larger Catechism 
vpon the eighth commandment, was as follows; 

"I. Tim. i., 10. The law is made for ; man-stealers. 
This crime, among the Jews, exposed the perpetrators 
of it to capital punishment; Ex. xxi., 1ft; and the aposr 
tie here c asses them v ith sinners of the tirsi rank. The 



word he uses, in its original import, comprehends all • 
who are cont\erned in bringing any of the human race 
into slavery, or in retailing them in it. Honminw fares 
;/»» servos vel iiberos abduevnt, reiintrA, ver.dviit, vel 
emtmt. Stealers of men are all those who bring off 
slaves or freemen, and keep, sell, or buy them. To 
steal a freen»an,says Grolius 'is the highest kind of theft 
In other instances, we only steal human property, 
out when we steal or retain men in slavery, we seize 
those who in common with ocrselves are constitutent 
by the- original gi ant, lords of the earth." Gen. j., '28. 
Vide Poll synopsin in /oc." 

This remained as il e judgment of the Church for 
some twenty years. About the end of that period, a 
Worthy abolitionist, who still lives, was Preaching in 
Virginia In good set terms. and true Christian fidelity, 
he assailed slaveholding and insisted that slaveholders' 
were m? n stealers. Seme oi his Presbyterean and min- 
isteriakbrcthreu were greatly annoyed t Mid sought to 
discipline him as a disorganize^ But to their surprise 
he quoted not the Bible only, but theii own Confes- 
sion against them, and they were for the time' obliged 
to stay proceedings. At jence however, the}- and thciis 
siaveho'ding accomplices set themselves to getting the 
obnoxious note out of the Confession. They effected 
this by characteristic manoeverir.g, in ISlC. A minori- 
ty resisted aud protested, and brought the subject t;p> 
gain the following year. It was evident sotnathifig 
must be done to cover the servile iniquity; and thanexi 
year, the famous Declaration of 1818 was made. It. 
served its purpose admirably. Since that, slavery has 
nestled qoiellv and increased nicely :n the bosom off 
the Church until, in, 1845-the Old Scoot PrcsLytennn 
church, the lineal descendant in this thing of the Pres- 
byterian church thai was has even gene back IVcm the 
ground of ISIS, and now allows and justifies slavery i :v 
principal as a Bible institution. 

STRAINING AT GNATS AND SWALLOWING 
CAMELS. 

It will take the light of eternity to reveat .ill the in- 
fluencs that have wrought the above degeneracy in 
fhe Presbyterian church. In the providence of God, 
however, some of her sins in tfiis thing are "open be- 
forehand going to judgement." One of them is at hand. 
It will be interesting and instructive, probably, to all 
religions broker;: and stock-jobbers in the .mantrade. It 
is as follows: At the meeting of the General Assembly, 
at Pittsbug. in 1836, the Trusters of the funds of tho 
church reported respecting the succesful operation they 
had lately mr.de, to increase the revenues of the church 
by a sale of certain northern securities, and the invest- 
ment of the proceeds in huik stock at Vicksburgh and 
Grand Gu'f. One transaction was dwelt upon with 
great interest: among the stocks so transferred, were 
a numbe'- of shares in (he Hackensack Bridge Company, 
N, J., concerning which the consciences of the pious 
had lone; bee:i troubled, from thn circumstance that 
the bridge was a thorough-fare for travelling on the 
Sabbath, and 8 portion of the profits of this Sabbath 
profanation went into the treasure of the Lord. So 
tht j trusters relieved the tender consciences, and re- 
moved the scandal, bv investing the funds in south- 
ern banks, to be used buying the new cotton fields of) 
the south-west and stocking th^m with negroes; from 
which they anticipated a much larger in ccme than a 
mere 6 per cent, interest/ The s«mo year these trus- 
tees-;ind their southern friendsmadc stubborn and stout 
resistance to any action of the Assembly condemnitory 
f slavery. 

Time rolled on. Koux year." after, in 1840, the pro- 
ceedings of the General Assembly (Old ScBOQl) contain- 
a report of a committee on the funds of the Church, the 
Hon. Johii Fine, chairman, which though cautiously 
deficient? i» spcific data, coatair.ee the fduowihg stgnta- 



«ant paragraph: . ! ined — >yea litterally crowded — with slaves-. Whim | 

" The comiiii .tee regret that nay previous Assem- | toey arrived, the immense number (swelling to rise of 
blvshould have approved of ihT" funds of tlv; Church 1 40,000) made the callows hearts ofal! the traders ache. | 
beith' invested in i/t' stacks of distant banks, with the* They pitched their tenis upon they brow of every hill 
expecl<:i : ou r>f rvclvchfj « lartjer income than 9 per. cent (surrounding each town aud village iu the Slate, await- 
tntercst." The r. pori states that "for one or more pig the call of purchasers. None came. Theuinterof 



yearsftbis expectation Was realized. But the Commit- 
tee fear that some portion of these investments is now in 
extreme hazard. It is plain that the Assembly would 
not at the present time, recommended a further invest- 
ment of the Church funds in .south-western banks. Is 



1837 approached, and but few, very few, sales were ef- 
fected. At last they advertised *hey would give one 
and two years' time, by bills on New Orleans, adding 
ten per cent interest discount. 

"The terms were accepted by the planters, and many 



it not worthy of the consideration of thejtrustees,weth- j were induced to purchase a second, and even a third 



or it be not the part of wisdom to sell the stocks of the 
uuproducfivc banks as soon as it may be judiciously 
done, and invest the proceeds in securities which are 
less fluciualiug and less hazardous." 

May 27th , s 1842, brought out a statement from the 



supply at from $1200 to $1S00 each. All the slaves 
were soon sold. But by this the merchants began to 
give way. Nearly all the bills made by the planters 
in the fall of 1 S.'Jo and spring of 1836, at from twelve to 
fifteen months' time, were protested for non-payment. 



"Standing committee on Finance,' t showing "the cost | The bills for the whole of the purchases in the winter 
and estimated value of sundry stocks, and loss theeron" ! and spring of 1837wcre protested for non-acceptance. 



The whole cost of the stocks *named, Was §136,339 
For some of these stocks a handsome piemium was 
paid at ths time of purchase, amonnting in all to $11^ 
331. The whole low, as estimated in 1842, was $89, 
C34. The following table shows for what the premi- 
ums were mostly paid, andj| were most ITofthe losses 
were. 

No of Estimated 
Shares. Cost. Premium. Loss. 

100, PI. B. Miss. 511,077,62 $1,077,62 $10,827,62 
200, Ag B. do., 23,700,70 3,791,79 21,701,76 
10, G. G. B. do., 992,00 
200, PI. B. Term. 22,100,25 
eoO, Un. B. do., 15,262,50 
100, B. of Mob., 11,027,50 
100, B. of Lou., 10'526,25 



The negro speculators became alarmed. They went to 
work in Febuary and March, and in three months' time 
had secured their debts by deeds in trust and mortgages 
upon nearly the whole property of the State. In three 
yers, the slave population of Mississtppi increased from 
70,000 to 160,000 slaves! at an everege cost of at least 
$1000 each! making the debt for slaves alone, in three 
years, swell to $90,000,000 ! ! From 1833 to 1S37, 
cotten bore an extraordinary high price. This together 
with the incrensed force, induced the planter to diicct 
all his energy to its cultivation, relying upon purchas- 
ing every article of consumption. He neglected to raise 
2,106,25"! 16,106.25 jk' s corn an d pork; he had to purchase more mules, hor- 
262 50 '1 1 1 062 50 aud P lou ohs, open more lands,and increased his bills 
with the merchants, whom he totally neglected to pay. 
When the cash came in May. 1838, all the paper 
held against the planters by the merchants, or nearly all 
was transferred to the banks, or such upon by the mer- 
chant?. The crowd of business in the different Courts 



942,00 



1,027,50 
526;25 



3,527,50 
4,726,25 



$94,692,88 $8,701,88 $68,893,88 
From this it appears that the Church paid nearly the 
whole of her premiums for and realized nearly the ' ¥& ed judgement was at last obtained; the sheriffs and 
whole of her losse.: from," the stocks of those south | marshals could find nothing, scarcely to levy upon, 
western banks, that were to pay such ga handsome in- j Bankruptcy and rum among some of the merchants 

come over G n<- cent intcre-t' and - ere to earn it al- ! were illevita bk ' 5 and «P their faH the !f the Banks again.Stdl angry at himself and all the rest, he sat a 

some pu» b p.. cent, interest, and were to earn it al- ! .* . I ] 0 n<r time till nearly all was (rone, and then came upjto 

fnost who/1 v in the cotton and negro speculation^ the The mgro-lradors .stood by wuh a cold md.ffcrence, ; ^ ^ 0 f his ] aCe and very 

time. What a deli^htfuil piece of pious financiering it and bej ( ,e ' d lowu f dp I>opulated and large plantation after j ' a iarge sum to the treasurer. "Very well," said 



ANNUAL MEETING 

Tbe next Annual Meeting of the New 
Jersey Anti-Slavery Society, will be held 
on Wednesday 28th day of January inst. in 
Trenton at 1 o'clock P." M. 

Able speakers will be in attendance to 
make the meeting interesting and we trust 
profitable. The Friends of Liberty in the 
State who receive this notice are requested 
to use ail the means possible to get the no- 
lice of this meeting before the people of the 
State without delay & we trust the impor- 
tance of coining up to this meeting will 
befell by all the lovers of Liberty. If they 
all do their dutv we shall have a large 
Jan. 10th 1846. 

Alex. H. Freeman Sec. 



How to Give.- -At a missionary meeting held a- 
amougst the negroes in the West Indies, these three re- 
solutions were agreed upon : 

1. We wi'l all <rive something. 

2. We will all give as God has enabled us. 0 

3. We will all give willingly 

As soon as the meeting was over, a leading negro 
took his seat at a table, with pen and ink to put down 
what each came to give. Many came forward and 
gave, some more and some less. Among those that 
came was a rich old negro, almost as rich as all the oth- 
ers put together, and threw down up pon the table a 
small silver coin. 'tTake dat back again," said the n«- 
gro that receved the money, "Dat may be according to 
de first resolution, but it not according to de second." 
The rich old man accordingly took it up, and hobbled 
back, again to his seat in a great rage. One after 
another came forward, and as almost all gave more 
than himself jhe was fairly ashamed of himself, and a- 
gain threw down a piece of money on the table, saying, 
"Dere ! take dat !*' It was a valuable piece of gold ; 
but it was given so illtemporedly, that the negro answer- 
ed again, 'No! Dat u on 't do yet ! It may be accor- 
ding to de first and second resolution, but it notaccord- 
ing to de last;" and he was obliged to take up his coin 



was, to take the funds from the Haekensack : Bridge 
Company, endjhe like, for conscience sake, and invest 
them were besides yielding more than lawful interest, 
they would go to stimulate the trade in souls and blood ! 
Thank Heafen, "the biters were bitten." We fear 
they will meet an account at the day of judgement, not 
so easy settled as this. As God is true, if they repent 
not, chained, tortujed, sold, and murdered men Bnd wo- 
man will meet them there, and ask redress. Brokers 
of men, how will yon meet them ? 



large plantation laid waste, growing up with thorns and 
briars, without feeling one pang of remorse for the ruin 
and wretchsdness they had brought upon the country; 
laughing at their own safty and security." 

And when the banks went, the General Assembly's 
funds and all its golden dreams of more than 6 percent, 
interest went with them. These funds be it remem- 
berred, constituted a large portion of the funds of the 
Church. Is|it any wonderthat the trustees and leaders 



of such a Church have ever been ready to step forward 
j as tW apolijjists, patrons and defenders of slavery? 
"YlOW THE M A. N- TRADE WAS DRIVEN AT j wotdd tr, ink such losses might cure them of this 

THE TIME THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY fiTS"?* ^ ^Tf ( 0,d Scho ° I ) 

FUNDS?WERE LOST. , ' As8enibl >' *° w the » te *» though spaniels. 

In January, 1840, a correspondent of the United j WHAT MIGHT BE DONE WITH THE MO- 
Rtatcs Gazette, who signed himself Spectator and who- j N EY WASTED IN WAR. — Give me, says Steb- 
ss accuracy the editor vouched for, gave an impressive j bins, the niecey that has been spent in war, and I will 
account of the course of events in Mississippi, in those ; purchase every foot of land on the Globe. I will clothe 
palmy days of negro speculation, (hat were to bring j every man, woman and child, in an attire that kings 
such revenues to the Picsbvterian Church. He said : i and qu'ce^S v,ou!d 1>c 1 roB fl of - 1 will build a school 

" In the faflfot 183.'), slaves in great multitudes were j hrus! ' ,! ! i:n evi ' r >' hil1 sid *» and in every valley over the 

driven to the State, qnadtupling anv previous y«ar. The , habilaible earth— I will supply that school house with 

demand abroad advanced the price. The competition j a com i*' l,;,,t ^achcr I will build an acadamy in every 

forced the traders to give from twelve to fifteen 'months • toWn < ut " 1 aBd e,K,ow 11 7* ' Col,f> S c in cver >' State > & 

time adding ten per cent interest. Soon so as the plan- i M J J m * a!:,t ' P ro '^ >ssor » I will crown every hil! 

ter frame* he could purchase oti time, by bills on New I Wl,h \ ^ COn f ( ^ to lhc Promulgation of the 

Orleans, he bought liberally. The traders soon sold all ° f ^ ~ W " ,a its ^ fJ*f 

<u ■ , .ii .,, , , ' '^acher of r»h,teousnesS, so that on evcrv Sabbath 

they had; retard home with accepted foils, cash-,' , m ; U:e chilTH> of „ Rl . sba „ ansWP1 . to lhe c!limp 

them m Banks and not m, y embarked >n .t aga.n mor, | oflht . ot , !Cr aroU!1(] Ac eul ,,,, s broU(1 c ; rcumfcrcnce .... 

;,rge y themselves, but induced their Wrjends and ac ^ the voice of pravcr, n:vl th, son;r of praise should 



ounVitaneies also to enbark in il. Every corner of th r 
Slaveholdine States was now ran ackid, and evev 
• ■ 'elling visited by the trader. Prices advanced hfghri 
aud higher. The fall 1836 is a time long to be remem- 
aercd. All the public highway? to Mis^issppi became 



ascend like an universa 
Citizen. 



to He 



IV est 



"Tlin wid tdffcome — it will not wait — 
"Bonds', yok'-s, Mid scourges have the.'r date." 



the nejro, "dat will do; dat according to all de resolu- 
tions." — Children's Miss. Portfolio. 

FACTS. 

In Ohio alone, there are 51 812 more public scholar 
than in, the thirteen slave States. 

In the free States there are 504 Sabbath scholars, 
in the slave States, 82.582 The State of 4 New 
York has twice as many Saddath scolars as the entire 
thirteen slave States. 

After the great break down in 1837, a committee was 

formed to ascertain, as far as possible, the amounts that 
the North lost in an indefinite period in the South. 

It was ascertained that Main New Hampshire and 
Vermont lost about $16,000,000; Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island and Connecticut. $196,000,000: New York. 
$200,000,00.0: New Jersey, $13,000,000: Philidelphia. 
$79;000,000, and Ohio $37,000,000. 

Slavery in this country, between 1840,and lS44,com- 
mitted the wholesale murder of human beings. 

In the chivalrous State of Mississippi, only one of 
every twenty white persons over 21 years of age can 
read. 

The Missionary Society of the American Board, iu 
1S42 received into its treasury upwards of $310,000\ 
Of this sum the free States contributed $303,00O.and 

!he "generous" South $7,000. 

Upon most moderate calculations botween 1820, and 
1^:?0 — a space of ten^fears — not less than 320,347 hu- 
man beirgs were pn maturely worn out and killed on 
the cotton and sugar plantations at the far South. 

The only slave States which have actually diminish- 
;cl the number of felavcs since 1700 are Delaware and 
Maryland^ Delaware hrs lost 70pcr cent: Maryland 14 
per cent The wide increase of slaves in the Union, frota 
17'JD to 1840,18 1 , 123,2 J;y or" 2C6 Tp<.T cci>i.— [True 
Wesley an. 



THE NEW JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 

BOONTON, DECEMBER 9, 1845. 



Hearts iead to the claims of man, cannot be. alive to 
he commands of God : and religion cannot flourish on 
he ground where humanity "withers. Keep. 



Will the Pennsylvania Freeman, Elevator, and 
\merican Citizen please publish the notice of the New 
lersey State Meeting on the 28 inst. at Trenton. 



:!osed against the claimes of Justice and humanity and 
lew Jersey lose its rank among the Free States ? The 

: rents of the last year ahow that slavery has found a se- 
ire retreat in the high places of our state and her soil 
ade a hunting groudd for Southern Kidnappers- 
We have mither time nor space to mention 
If the raasons why the froemon of the State shou/d 
oie up to Trenton on the 28th. Is it not enough that 
en, women and childeren are bought and so'.d and held 
bondage among us? 

jlf more is necessary, we can call !o mind the fact, 
tkt s/aveholders have just succeeded in accomplishing 
Air nefairous designs of extending Slave Teritories by 
rfc annexation of Texas, and securing the ascendency 
if the Slave power in the Senate of our nation; while 
brts are continued to secure the future control of the 
ler branches of government where they have not the 
atrol already Is this.- a time for Freeman to sleep 
eir posts ? 

Must we call in vain for Jerseymeii to come up to the 
feting? Duty says come ; humanity, justice, phi'an- 
ropy say come; God sayscome. Cannot our friends 
ho have influence, and they all have influence, use it 
get people tip to this meeting. Let not small things 
eap them away. Our object is a great and glorious one 
jjis worthy of great sacrifices. We call upon our 



Anti - Slavery Memorialist. Mo ^V H Mesmerism.- We understand 

that a couple of mesmerizers met With quite 
a mishap at thir exhibition in this place on 
Wednsday night last. At one point of their 
experiments, they undertook to mesmerize 
the arm of one of the subjects, (who was 
one of our town boy?,) and apparntly fixed 
it upon the wall; whereupon something of 
this sort occurred: 

Mes'r.-(To the boy.) Take down xmr 8£r«i 
Sir. 

Boy — i can t. 

Mes'r. — (To the audience .) Th* you:/g 
mairs arm is magnetiyed. will stme gentle- 
man' be so good to request aim to take it 
down' 

A spectaor — (In an ironical tone.)— Tal'e 
down yore arm Johnny. 
Boy — I can t Sir. 

Mes'r.-If'any gentleman wilt put half dollar 
near the subject, if be is able to pick it p 
he may have it and I will return the mariey 
Here a gentleman put dawn a half doilar 
two others a quarter each.] 
Mes'r.-Now ( Sir, pick vzp- the money and 
you may hav it. jonny stooped down pock- 
eted the cash and "walked off in A-iumph 
He was unmesmrizedL.-Prov. G:t/v 



Emancipation in Kentucky — A large meeting was 
i held in Mason county, Ky., on the 13th inst. to con- 
j sider the subject of emancipation and the suppression of 
{ Cassius M. Clay's paper. The closing resolution was 
j in the following words : — 

I Resolved. — That we regard gradual emancipation, 
accompanied with colonization, as the true and only 
true policy of Kentucky ; and we confidently hope that 
the time may come when this great system will be 
established by the peoplcjof this State. The discussion 
of its propriety and the time when that discussion is to 
commence, are matters which should be left entirely to 
individual judgment, under the promptings of an en- 
lightened patriotism. When that discussion does com- 
mence, it should be faithfully protected by law. 



We tall tho attention of the friends of freedom 
a New Jersey to the notice of the Annual Meeting of 
lie State Anti-Slavery Society to be held Trenton on i 
hb 28th of January, with more than ordinary earnest- 1 

t L s It is of the greatest importance to the cause of 

' . 0i . ,, . r,. ,„^,„„,, ,,f I "Let any inan of spirit and feeling f(>r a moment cast 

fe Slave. m our State, that iieeman should make an ei- / f . b 

Mnoxo a good meeting at Trenton this wihter cannot \ hl3 thou S hts over tins land ot slavery- think of the na- 

. otherwise than productive of great good. j k ¥** ° f sol » c > tllft hun( J"J yearnings of others, the 

New Je-sey is still, according to, the last legal de- \ft owin 9 teo " a » d heavi *<J "S^ ot P»* in g relations, the 

kion a SLAVE STATE. Shall it continue to be so | Tailings and ico, the bloody cut of the keeu lash, and the 

tail the last legal refuge, of the slave* in the State be' frightful scream that rends the very shies — and all this, to 



TESTIMONY OF B. SWAIN, ESQ., NORTH 
CAROLINA. 



gratify ambition, lust, pride, ararice, vanity, and other 
■depraved feelings of the human heart.... THE 
WORST IS NOT GENERALLY KNOWN. 

Were all the miseries, the horrors of slavery, to burs* 
at once into view, a peal of seven-fold thunder could 
scarce strike greaterjalarin." — See "Swains Address," 
1830. . • 

STUBBOKN FACTS. 



Statistics of War.. 



At the last Presidenhal election, the Free states cast „„...,, __„'ii. „ 'a 

, onnno* * rujin i < i t * i smith " makes tne lol Jo-.vuio 

1.89O,0S4, votes, and had 161 electors, — one elector to 



Tlie Learned 11 \n k. 
ooamit'at ion s 



.the economy of war: — "The war-*iebt.s < i 

The slave states cart 70S,848 votes and had 105 elec- 1 the Europeau _ nat it >BS amount s $ ! 0 r 
tors — one elector to 7,608 votes 

Thus seven thousand sieve holders had as much in- 
fluence as eleven thousand freemen! Every two south* 
c rn voters were equal to three northern voters! Is it not 
lime to carry this question to the polls; 
New Hampshire at the last Presidential election cast 
-10,273 votes and chose six electors, — S,213 votes to 
each elector- Louisiana at the same time, gave 29,29^5 
votes and chose six electors — one elector to 4,382 votes 

So that every Louisiana voter is eqnivalent to two 
New Hampshire freemen in the choice of President; 
How do you like this feature fin onrj government, ye 
democrats, who believe in equality of political rights; 



Are vou ready to add a batch of slave states from the 
ids in Burlington, Crosswicks, Allontown, Wood- j iorrJ ' tory of texas everv 1 voter in which shall have 

Salem, and throughout all West Jersey <o | hvicf! or lhrice as 111U€h " political ])0Ave ae a free yoter 
e np to that meeting irf great numbers full ^ of zeal j of New Hampshire ? Are you ready to give the ab- 
^'' )Pr, y- i solute control of the general government, irretf.iev- 

Tappaa, A. A. Phelps and others of New York | ABLY AND F0 ^ E v ER) the hands ofo the men-owners 
liam Elder and Samuel Aaron of Philadelphia w ith j G f ;} IC south ? 
)V others have been invited to attend the meeting,] 

We have full •confidence to believe tliat it will be a j The whole number ef slaveholders who are voters, is 
Stable meeting for the bleeding s?ave. Will Jersey- j said not to exceed 75,000; while there are, in the free 
n stay away from this meeting, and say they are for j S'ates, near a million of voting freem 



m. 



>artial Liberty. 



Liberty for all? Can thy\lo it ? 



"Indiana Freeman." 

Indiana Freeman has be.cn enlarged, and also 
•d its subcription price to $2 a year. That is right, 
♦w looks respectable. The paper is a good ope, 
our Indian:; friends ought not [,\-v it to languish. 
De Puj-, its editor, is a self-denying mnn.Cin- 
« Herald. 

De Puy "wasTOoLL'.-d not long since in the streets 
lianapolis while at the seme time an inoffensive 
•d msn was shot and it, Tlv sc are'; reason:- 

ient wbv the oiiP'-r J..:': .: :•; rr.Urec-J, and w, 



in 

Yet these 

I few slaveholders rule, withfabsolute sway the whole 
j laud;— engross most of the offices, Sponge up most of 
the oflices'of government. How long must we submit 
jtoit — Sig. o f Liberty. 

All the votes for polk and Clay in 
1844 gained by the state ot Arkansas, 
added together, do not eqnal the Liberty 



000. It would require the labour of :<n,r 
millions of men, 15 0 bear annum for ipac-h 
man,'o pay the interests- of this sum at tiper 
ceut. To pay the p.viaeiqal, in would he ne- 
cessary to levy a «t$x of at least ten tlolars 
on every inhabt'iaat of the globe! Another 
fact, rendering tlas more impressiv\ inavbo 
found in the sera ps of curious information 
that no heathen natios are in arrears for the 
butcheries they have perpetractd on liio 
human race, t hey pay cash bown for all 
tha£ is done for th« devil under therahand:?. 
Christian natio ns Sflone "go on tick" Jbv t!ta t 
kind of service. 

From March 4 : th, 1739, to june ^th, 1M I , 
our Government expended on the wan Dei 
partment $6G S/438,851. The interest of tins 
sum, at 6 per t cent, would build Whitny's- 
great railroad from the Lakes to the pacif- 
ic, of 25 miles inlenth , at $15,000 per jui;l 
and thus evbci a highway for tlia coirtrnftfco* 
and com mi m real, ion oftlie familjfofnatioriSi; 
which she aid be- rec koned in a!! corairtg.-, 
time one of the greatest enterpsises ihat 
ever blessed the race." 



A Favored State 
The vote: of Texas is set down at forfyfiw 
hundred.. She has two representativss Ar- 
kansas gave over fifteenMhotisand at the 
vole in (he state of ?vcw York at the late j l P<s t P. residential election. She had b;it one 
elect ion. Our party cast moe votes at the representative, we suppose that one Texan,, 
late election, than the- Way party' gave toj i s as good as four Kentuchians according 

to this rule* Ait people who in tlfetr constitu- 



Cay^or t!ie-Po!k pa tv gave loPoik in the 
whole state of Louisiana in 1844, by, more 
(hail 2,000 Trite American. 

emar.cipafiit.g his 
Amen, 1 

hen hy gjt irantee '<( all my slaves their iibert.v, hearti 



JOHN RANDOLPH'S will, emar.ci 
'.avrs, bc::in» .'I;t!s: "In- die 'name of ;fJoc 



regfetfig 



that i haVe ever.bee 



eivncr of cms. " 



provide thai vi:o legislature shall have no 
power • to pas* "laws for the emancipation 
f slaves and who in their bill of riglils de- 
clare, that freemen havoequal rights', oug'hs 

a 



;o Be fovore d 
man.. a Ineri t is 



Thp te ; 
dovoliei 



:. bow a days of 
to t lavej v. 




l or Liberty Si&ada 

Never despair, there's a God who rules o'et us, 
Blessing Oft eftbrtn when niede to his will, 
Opening the pathway of duty before us, 
Helping us onwaruo'ur task to fulfill. 
Whit though the legions of earth shall oppose us, — 
What though the Prince of the power the air 
Strikes with the vengence and hate that he owes us, 
',God is our shield," let us never despair. 

What though success for to-day be denied us, 
What though defeat and contempt be our lot. 
What thougn Uie world in its madness deride us. 
Let us look upward, and thus head it not. 
No human voice for the right has e'er spoken, 
No human weapon for justice been hur/ed, 
No human lance has for freedom been broken, 
Thut hay not been a blessing, to- truth and the world. 

Who will look back o'er the history of ages 
Filled with defeat, and with sorrow and pain, 
And say as he weeps and laments o'er tho pages, 
That effort defeated wasever in vain : 
Where is (he tyrant whose knees have not trembled 
As he thought of Spartans who died for the right ? 
Why are tho noble.* of England assembled ? 
The Spirit of Curreu has filed them with fright. 

Why are the tyrants of Cuba no shaking? 
Placido has gone to his place of repose,-- 
But his murderers know that his spirit is waking"! 
The oppressed of all climes to a sense of their woes. 
They know full well, that "tho' dead,heyet speaketh" 
In ^ones that will louder, and still louder grow, 
'Till a spirit is roused that for liberty seeketh, 
And slaveholding tyrants shall fall with the blow. 

Then let us labor, what'er miy befal us, 
"God, and the right," let our motto still be ; — 
Dangers and troubles shall never appal us 
'Til the anthem of Earth is the song of^thys Free. 
Life |s t);e season for action, for trial, 
All for our good are its dangers, its care 5 
The?iew«rd is for those who though all self-denial 
Still labour on, — let us never despair. 



temperance Kecoa*(l, 

The difference. 

«<THE&E f GOES' A fK'fbf 

A lii-.UNKAui; assailed a Washingtonian, but eould 
only say, "There goes a tetotaler !" The , gentleman 
waited until a croud had coliectcd,and then turned upun 
the drunkard said, "There stands a drunkard! Three- 
years ago he had a sum of $800, now he cannot product 
a penny. I know he cannot. I challenged him todo„it 
for if he had a penny he would be at a public house'. 
There stands a drunkard, and here stands a tetotaler 
with his pnrse full of money, honestly earned, and care- 
fully kep/. There stands a drunkard! — 
Three vearsago he had a watch, a coat, shoes and de- 
cent clothes; now he has nothing but rag.j upon upon 
him, his watch is gone and his shoes afford free passage 
to the water. There stands a drunkard, and here stands 
a tetotaler; with a good hat, good shoes, good clothes, 
and a good watch, all paid for. Yes there stands a t; - 
totaler! And now my friends; which has the best of it?" 
The bystanders testified thetr approval of the tetQtafer 
by loud shouts, while the crest-fallen drunkard slunk 
away too happy to escape further castigation. Tem. Aim- 



THE WELCOME BACK. 
Sweet is the hour that brings us home, 

Where all will spring to meet us; 
Where hands are striving as we come, 

To be the first to greet us. 
When the world has spent its frowns and wrath, 

And care been sorely prsesing; 
'Tis sweet to turn from our roving path, 

And find a fire-side blessing. 
Oil, joyfully dear is the homeward track, 
If we are but sure of a welcome back- ■ 
Indiana, Freeman. 



THE ANTI SLAVERY ALMANAC, 

for 18-10, is just; published by FINCH & WE El), 118 
Nassau Street New»York, and for sale by them, whole- 
sale arid retail. They are also for sale at the office of 
theJI'V. emau in Bocntcrs. 

Every anti slavery man in the State should constitute 
himself an agent for the sale and distribution of tin's Al- 
mimac. Let this be done without delay. 

Smoked to Death. -Mr. Christopher Sewell 
<xf Boston, tiled n few days sinc-fjfforn the ef- 
fect of smoking cigars to an immoderate ex- 
tent He had often consumed thirty a day 
which pernicious practice brought on so gr- 
eat a defollfty that lie died from flhe rupture 
of a small blood vessel. — Lib. Prist 



It is stated that a man some where dc»wn in Cape 
Cod, has drank ninety one thousand nine hnndred and 
eighty three glasses of rum in the last thirty years. 
The cost would amount to near six thousand dollars, 
and we venture to say he is not worth a six-pence, Btods 
fault with hard times, and wonders why he cannot get 
alone in the world. — Bochestcr American. 



A rather red nosed man walked into a store in the 
pleasant village of South bridge, the other day, and in- 
quired for cheese. "Walk into the other room and 
select one for yourself, replied the accommodating shop 
keeper The man passed in, selected his cheese, put it 
into his bag, returned into the front shop, and laid it on 
the counter. Some "cold wafer" men who where pres- 
ent, however, becoming rather suspicious determined 
to know what kind of cheese the man kept. According- 
ly one. of the maa managed to move the bag that it 
fell on the floor, when lo ! the cheese , broke "'all to 
smash" the glass rattled — the red nosed man looked 
white — the white shop keeper looked red. ;>nd both 
toookod blue. The cold water men looked on for a mo- 
ment to wituess their confusion, and then departed, lea- 
ving the cheese dealer and his customer "alone in their 
glory." 

We would advise those who patrpnize this cheese 
shop in future, to to take something better than a glass 
bottle to get their cheese in. — Dew Drop. 



CONNECTICUT. 



^ointment 01 



At the late town meetings held for ap. _ 
license commissioners, the temperance ticket glorious- 
ly prevailed in Hartford, New iJaven, New London, 
Norwich, Meriden, Bridgeport, Sufiicld, Wethersfirkh 
Sharon, Farmingion, Bristol, Litchfield, Milford, and 
a large proportion of the state. Rumselling will soon 
be outlawed in New England. 



Clay. 



!» »*t i :gU ll » l . ll .SB B ft l ftg-L ' .J. 

-SLAVER 1 TKACTSb" The following 

To: t.;ilc at thisofliee. by the Lib- 

Condition of Living, «f . 

The c,aUse of Hard times, •- i /,» ,. jJ . , 

Influence of Slave power 

One more appeal to Christians & Churohoa, 

Bible Policies. 

Jewish Servitude. 

Smith k. Clarkson. ' .. i/ii-iT^ffc ' 

Persons hfi/d to service. 
Loyal National Rapea! Assoeiatio%^iCTB^?Jf*] 
Duties and Dignities of American Freemen, 
111 Treatment, of People of color in the U. S. 
Testimony ofa Southern Witness. C. M. Clay, 
The lawlessness of slavery. 
Poems on S.'avcry by Longfellow. ' 
The Missouri ComprcaiisewV' MiiN •f&f$t(p''tJ 
Smiths Constitutional Argument. >4}«l.\;j* 
Two cents Postage c u Juki « tfctLiift^i 
Addreis to the People?of Kentiicky by C. M, 



§5> The American and Foreign Anti Slavery Society 

has made preparations to do^i good work for liberty 
the comming year. - ■- ; '' , vj t Jf|f&M 

The Rev. A. A. Phelps of Boston is engaged as a- 
gent and Editor of the Anti Slavery Reporter. • The 
Reporter is an excellent paper published monthly at 
11S Nas.;au street N. Y. at $ 0,50 a year for a single 
copy. 5 copies to one address for $ 2,00 10 copies $ 
3,50. and 50 copias for $ 12,50.. subcriptions will bo 
received at this oilice. ,.' -..It ai--**J*USF*>) 



AJNTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE. 

Myron Finch and Thomas A. Weed have opened^an 

oflice for the sale of Anti Slavery Books, ' Pampldets 
Tracts &lc. at 118 Nassau Stroct, New York, Let them 

be well' patronized. ' - 



"What are you doing, Jane?" 

"Why, pa, I'm going to dye my pin-a-fore red." 

"Pu,t what have you got to dye it with? 

"Beer, pa." . " . 

"Beer! who cn earth told you that beer would dye 

"Why ma said yesterday it was beer /that made 



your nop; 



so red, and 1 thouflht"- 



Exit papa, fluffing his nose very tcdy-hiy. 



CU1HCUS CAUSE OF IMPRISONMENT. 

The N, Q. Picayun^ in mentioning the ar;iv;:l of a 
brig from Jamaica, says: "The crew 01 this vessel, ah 
blacks to a men, were at once placed in the caffnbrjbsi 
here until the vessel is ready u>r tie's again." — U Wth 
Citizen, 



MODERN PilOTESTANT CHURCH COURTS, 
UNMASKED, is the title of a Book by the Rev. 
George Bourne, exposing some of the iniquitous pro- 
ceedings of EccLsiaa'.ical bodies in the ProtesUnt 

church. It should be read by every body. 

For sale af this oi£ce, price 31 cents. c 

CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION Is a small book published by JOHN KEEP 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. It should 
be. read by every body. A few copies for sale at the 

Freeman Of!ic;>, Booctonj N. J. 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For sale at the Office of 

-He Freeman, Boonton, N. J. 



\ ;/ strel. 

A few copies of Clark's Liberty Minstrel are for 
sale at this office, • , 

Tils is superior to any thing of the kind we hare 
seen, and sboud be in the possession of everyone that 
teves good :niisic, and loves to make a good use of it 
Pike, 4-4 cents. 



Bimnlon Washington. Tcmperam* Bcnes- 
tlent Sucicty, — meets every Monday eve- 
aing in the Free Church. D .C. Norm, 
Pfosideiit, Riarctis Kvarts Sccrelwy. 

Btiovton Libarlii. Associution, — meets tUe 
first Friday evening of every month.. 

At. Evarls, Presidcrd, C. B. Nwris, 





v ol. 2. 



BOOiVTON, FEBRUARY 1 



1846. 



NO. K 



THE FREEMAN 

WILL BE PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
Boonton, Moiris County, New Jersey. 



TERMS. 
Single copy 25. cents per annum, orfor 12. numbers 
10. copies to one address for two dollars. 
All communications must be post paid. 

SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE NEW 
JERSEY ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. 

In presenting our seventh Annual Report we feel 
that we have great reason to acknowledge pur obliga 
tions to God for his goodness towards us as a Society. 

Although there has not been that general tngageded- 
ness in the cause of Liberty during the past year, that 
we could wish; yet we trust that the efforts which have 
been made will not prove to be entirely useless. We 
are thankful thiit we are enabled to cast even a small 
weight of influence into the scale of free dim and the 
longer we live, we are more thoroughly convinced of 
the necesity of the greatest activity &thf most untiring 
effort in order to accomplish the work before us. 

We have commenced an enterprise which we must 
not, and cannot abandon until our efforts have been 
crowned with entire success. We commend it for the 
the sake of others, whose deprivations and miseries en- 
listed our deepest sympathies; but we soon found that 
we must continue it for our own sakes as well as theirs. 
We had no conception when we began to labor in this 
cause, that the fitters were already forged for us. 

BUI We SUUII AjUIld «-'■ — ';- "'"'"''-f Q 

000.000 of our fallow men should be held in Slavery 
we had well nigh brought our necks into the yoke We 
found thai not unlv the Declaration - f Independence 
wjs regarded as a Rhetorical flonrish, 1 ut the Bdl of 
Rights of eyorv state was c r«aly unmeaning and inope- 
rative in all it said aLout freedom of speech &the liberty 
of the press. 

As we have gone on from year to year there 
have been n. w deployments of the slave power un- 
til we have found it ramified throuhoul all the depart- 
ments of church and State. It legislates in the Sen- 
ate chamber; it directs the arm of executive power; it 
controls the derision of the ballot box, it pr.-acho*, yen, 
prays in the pulpit; it pleads at the bar it gives the de- 
cisions from the bench & the verdict from the jury-box, 
jt incarcerates some of the nobtest sons and daughters, 
Ojf our land in its .gloomy prisons for doing 1 that which 
Qod's law, and which if done on the c ast of bn.bary 
«o>lld be applauded by all good men as heroically virtu- 
ous; it sails our na* y and marches our army, both of 
which are created and sustained at an enormous expencw 
solely to protect and extend the slave interests: It tran- 
scends the constitution, it violates the constitution, it 
tramples the constitution under foot. 

In a word the slave power originating in the despo- 
tism of two hundred and fifty thousand whites over 
three millions of colored men has by its subtle and gras- 
ping efforts gained a controling influence throughout 
our land. 

But its encroachments have aroused an undying op- 
position- Thirteen years ago a little band of true hear- 
ted men and women pledged them selves to labour for 
the overthrow of the system of oppression Sinse then 
the contest has gone on with success, but with a con- 
stant increase in the number, influence, & efficiency of 
the friends of liberty. They have thrown ablaze of ligh' 
over the land. They havedaboured to good purpos. 
in exposing the hidden abominations of Slavery. The\ 
have dragged cruel laws, and more cruel practices into 



he open light of Heaven. They have succeeded in 
,,>me signal instances in thwarting the machinations oi 
ippression. They have in some cases procured the en- 
ictmentof rightous laws & the repeal of unrightous ones 
They have helped thcusands on their way toward th< 
polar star of freedom; and last, not least they have 
>hown at the ballot-box that they held the balance of 
power between contending parties; & that they were 
letermined to use it for the deliverance of the slave. 

Seven years ago this society enlisted in the Anti-Sla- 
.'ery enterprise as a State organization. 

Since the last Annual meeting we have held a sem' 
Annual and two Quarterly meetings. The semi-annu 
il and one quarterly meeting were held in Newark. 
The other quarterly meeting was held in Paterson. Ir 
addition to these, several other meetings have been heli" 
by local societies, and some by the people, where then 
ire no organizations. In Morris County the peopl- 
held Anti-slavery celebration on the Fourth of July in 
Boonton. 

We trust that all these meetings have had seme in- 
fluence to advance the cause. We believe however 
hat more can be accomplished at present by holding 
our quarterly aud semi-annual meetings iu country 
pl*c<s than in large towns and cities. 

The committee have employed no regular agent du- 
ring the year to labor in any part of the State. They 



gave his voice in favour of liberty. 

An appeal from this decision, to the court of Errors is 
contemplated; but it is yet undecided whether such ap- 
peal be taken, until the funds can be provided to carry 
it through. It rests with this meeting to decide 
that question. 

B:it a small sum of money is needed to defray the 
xpenses as two eminent counsellors have offered their 
services gratuitously to argue the case before the Court. 

The committee trust that the meeting will only need 
'.o understand the true state of the case in order to fur- 
nish all nesasary means, that it may proceed forthwith. 
Itis believed that at the present time one of the most ef- 
ficient ways of advancing the cause of liberty, is the em- 
ployment of well directed efforts to secure judicial de- 
cisious in its favour. It was in this way that Slavery 
was overthrown in England. A Succession of decis- 
ions in favour of freedom gaduallv weakened the Slave 
power until it was finally overthrown by the famons 
decision of Lord Mansfield that "a Slave cannot breath 
in England." 

Justice is the same all the world over. It is the 
same here that it is in England. All that is Wanting to 
secure the same decision in our own country, is the 
right kind of effort persoveringly directed. Legislative 
enactments & judicial decisions have erected the barri- 
ers around the slave power, and the same means are re- 



are however of the opinion that if a -suitable person j quired to throw them down. But we can never 



could be employed to hold meetings and leciure , es- 
pecia ly in the coun'ry villag<s and school districts, 
great good might be accomplished by it. 

The New Jersev Freeman has b. en r- gularly pub- 
'ished at Boonton once a month by John Grimes. The 
c< mmittee feel that this pap.r is a valuable auxiliary to 

wie cauac, aii.*tv un. Msnc m 

tween its publicati n somewhat long. It is published 
however, mostly at the individual expense of the Edit- 
or, and consequently must be burdensome to him; the 
subscription list as yet being very limited. The com- 
mittee would recommend to the friends of the cause, 
that they make some special effort td increase the num- 
of subscribers. 

We have endeavoured to secure tie freedom of the 
enslaved within our own borders. 

New Jersey is a Slave State. Between three and 
four thousand persons are held in Slavery; a part of 
them are held ui.der the name of apprentices but all of 
them in reality slaves. 

We believe that the new'constituton rightly inte rpre- 
ted would set them free, but such ai interpretation has 
not as yet been allowed. It is in oir state as it is in the 
general government that pro Slavev pervertions pre- 
vail in place of just interpretations. During past year 
we have had the question tried in tfe supreme court of 
the State. 

It came up by two writs of habea corpus, the one in- 
volving the constitutionality of slavry & the other of 
the apprenticeship system. 

Tne case was argued before the Supreme Court at 
Trenton on the 21 & 22 of May lat 

Alvan Stewart Esq. of the Statof New York acted 
as counseller & advocate for the Sve and apprintice & 
afforded his own services gratuitoily. His able and 
■Iqueut argument ©n that occasionas been publishe & 
i large number of copies put into rculation. 

The judgement of the court wagiven in July. It 
iffcrmed the constitutionality of sWy & the apprenti- 
ceship system in our state. 

This opinion however was not lanimous. It was 
not ev< n a judgement of the majoy of the court. 

One of the Judges declined votj on the questior 
lot having heard the argument lother was abscn 
.vhen the decision was givi n & ou:enerable chief Jus* 
lice dissented from the judgement his co'leaguts S 



< x- 

pect to obtain the repeal of unjust laws, or fh • enact- 
ment of those which are rightous until the t"o-r,Vai. s of 
Legislation are purified. The friends of Liberty .re 
begining to feel very extensively, that there is bfit one 
way to accomplish this. Thatis bv carrying their prin- 
ciples to the Ballot-box and electing just men tp enact 
°'h' [^p.jate the laws. 

small number who stand firm"and"we dou'bt nVfbut'lhe 
time approaches when the cause of humanity will pre- 
vail at the pol's and in our legislative halls. At pres- 
ent we can on v hold on our course and say "Godspeed 

the day." * , 

Our State still continues to be the huntiixr ^round . f 

11*1 

the kidnapper, and some of our inhabitants have during 
the past year, been dragged, y way with out even the 
forms of law, into hopeless Slavery 

In looking abroad beyond the borders of our own 
State we behold on one side the desperate struggles < f 
Slav, ry to sustain its existence, and increase its power, 
while on the other, legions of liberty are gathering 
strength aud presing forward with the assured conrld. n- 
ce of ultimate succtss. All that Slavery can do to savt.- 
herself from the crushi g u eight of a worlds indignation., 
she does. National honor or individual rights, are of 
no account, when they conflict with her selfish interests 
she sacrifices them both without a scruple. We ha\e 
one proof of this in the Annexation of Ter.as. This 
great scheme of villany has been accomplished. A 
neighbouring nation while on terms of au.iiy with us 
has been robbed of large extensive & fertile provinces, 
for the purpose of throwing the balanc e of power in th« 
hands of Slaveholders. But even this does not satisfy 
their unprincip'ed rapacity. Scarcely has the act of 
annexation passed before propositions are brought for- 
ward for obtaining Cuba & Calafornia, while at the 
same time every obstacle is thrown in the v ay of the 
settlement of the Oregon question, lest the undisputed 
possession of that Territory should extend in reallity 
the area of Freedom. 

Another proof of this has been given in the conduct 
if the Govcrnmen of Virginia which sanctioned the 
lawless violence of her citizens v ho crossed the Ohio 
river and violated the Territory of Ohio by sei;;in^ three 
•itizens of that State and convey ng (h< m to a Virginia 
prison for the alb dged oftence of assislir rr some fuei- 
dvs slaves. 




I V il & 



Tfie history of tHFpasFyfear presents-- s- me glaring 
•^.n n^ of tlP 5i obition of individua l rights in the a' 
tempts wlilcTs haVebei'n 'mailc' io^M uMVII thi fettVum. 
of speech and the press.., An Irishman hy the nan., 
of O'Meira iva.-i imprisoned in Savanna!, for f>m ak;i, 
his "mind on the subject of slavery, though, no cl.arg. r 
were brought against kfni that he did ii in an oilensiv, 
manner.' The mob aft mpted to gel possession of l.h 

In the state of Kentucky a large mob, headed b: f 
many of Hie hading men in the s a.e, with the . rcaU v 
coolness and deliberation removed the printing pre s ol 
the True Amercan fn m Lexing t<m and had it tranpoi- 
ted to Chacinniui. Tl.i* was. done \vhil" Cossius M! 
Clay, the Editor of that papvr v. as p|pstia|^ «' on a fc. «' 
of sickness with v?ry luila prospect of his recovery. j ' 

In the stale of Miss, do .Is of harharpui cjrasli* 
been p rpetated, worthy the barbarity of he most >u\ 
age tiibes. Some time about the month of Slav, th. 
house of a Mr. Wade of Prospect Hill was burned, 
and some negroes were suspected of having set the housi 
onrfire. These negroes had belonged to Capl. Ross 
Wade's Grandfather, who had ljberajted them at his 
death and ordered that they should be .-cot 1 Liberia. 
Wade had retained them notwithstanding a law suit I y 
the decision of which they had been adjudg 
as ordered in the iv ill. 
of having fired the !. ; / i> • 
Wade in retaining tle-m. 
from then, by pom ing 
threainieg them withiiistai 
non. Some of them were then i 
era were Shot. 

One would suppose tpa! 
perpetrated such atrocities WQuld 
ba'uon of all who profess any regi 
no! the demon of Slavery fin 



les. 
The Am 




th 
in 



Wh'.t!.' 
rot-ro- 



ican Board of C ommissioncrs for Foreign 
;i^^L, Id tin ir yeariy Srtee^n^ 4,t J.*W*1J nA<W y 
,.rk in Sept. "efl'brts 'vrere' made 18 fndiftjettsem-t***^" 

15 ms Ives irvm eonmeetion p iihSJ^'e^. } , ( ^^ost the 
hple time of their meeting for several days was occu 
pied in discussing llie subject w hen th. y declined taking' 
uJ. anion and virtually and impliedly they gave the; 
luinlmdus countenance to Slave- Holding, 'ihey pro 
ssed in their report, to disapprove of Slave y as j 
vs.. to; ai.d Where it is sustained by a community the;, 
undemn the community as a body while theyapprov. 
1)4 conduct of indivdual slave holders who compose tht 
ummunity and pronounce them worthy of christian 
1 liowship. l4i ^io ■iisl'i & en •»',-i<i\Mir> v 

These i re some of the things which the enemies oi 
; heriy are doing. They may protract the struggle, 
hey mav for a while prop up the falling system of op- 
pression but they cannot save it. The days of slavery 
ire numbered and the siuns of the times indicate a 
Sole dy dissolution. Indeed these very things are to 
lur minds most encouraging evidence of the onward pro- 
gress of our e ause. 

The treat enthusiastic Liberty Conventions which 
have- been hvld^dtfririg the'-«>aar shtf>y tbt^.p ople are 
awtitfh* 'ai i # fcf isihg \ih l«amght,fr 
t. !■« of oppress ton-. .* ' ( .neiunat:, at t ori. - m 

rind at BbstonitlwMe '.sferetiwbjft^gafJifliiti^.^.J^ii, 
pfeonle, vi ho come by thoosatids to , manifest, f^-^ 
j fUka 8 jmr^setfc overtbrdw Slavery. 

Th- .ostabl'shment and t .u;co.ssft.l operation oi 
;•. ss-iis M. CUu's paper in Ken ucky, r.o wi.hs'an.'- 
Hi-.g 'ihe , fWh>''^ ^"«*# theviyress and other otioit.- to o- 
v -throw b; tbe- crganiza km of a Liberty Parly 
of vot' rs in Virginia; aim od.i r, mow meats in the bor- 
Siatrs hfangag a Miuhar < nd in view, an- tut of en 



But among tli$- efibrts'for the- suppression of this j&c- 
..!•>. d traflie we would mention with peculiar satisfac- 
, ionj the establishmefil of flte ' "rtlfendi A'Jis»W)F«M*«== 
L|k| || t ^.f the R ev. Win. Raymond at Shetbro on* 
: e \\ est coast of"ATr!ca~ab'ouToBe tftBUl'PtHmles from—-, 
•sierra L# ne / ^^^'f '| ^^f 1 froro-tiisjiunj 
Wry about four yt ars ago, and already his lnfloenW on 
hat part of the coast 1 as eoi.tributed not a little to the 
«p],ression of the s'ave trade. In consequence of s.ate- 
Klfts made by him, th^ slave factory at Sea Bar has 
:>een destroyed; and under his plain and faithful preach- 
n°- upon this subject, seme of the Chiefs have b gun lo 
tremble in fear of future retribution. 

In the North of Africa the Bey of Tunis has entirely 
ihblished Slavery in his dominions. 

In view of a'l these things wefeel that there is the 
greatest encoitragemet to press onward. The prospects of 
our cause were never more favourable either in pur own 
country or in foriegn lands than at this moment. But 
we trust that whether there' be few or many visible to 
kens for good, the friei.ds of Liberty will-not only ton- 
linue their eCbrts, but redouble them, for the sale of 
he Slav-, and for their own sakes. We have entered 
into a contest where ir-'re 




where il -re is r.o retreat. If wo fail "ion- a 
let. ". ' - n r.; rest assured that the iro» •»* 
r.. 'w ■;: only 1 ti-amp'e down *he ^rigfctflt«.d 
-v v African descent, hut it will grind.*.* sic 
'. the in. When wfitfiest flM^-tw 
-1 - | ;-.hd proclaim d'o*r aiotlg..,,j 

ait the brotherhood-fofadl 
t : .i 4 e had encountered a .dfttQi^, 
v.v f... .;:,(] every succeeding year has- 
te $fi i i. the belief that we Rqrd«. R 
na • v. isi'.e:- and more than human pow- 
su.ccs. hut we doubt not,- that, ^Ije.d, 
God ofinfinjte eve, will gran', us every needed grace,, - 
bat we may secure a speedy and glorious triumph. 



man w < 
miir i! at 
only s< I 
more ti.a 
er to sjiv 



By ord 



of the Executive committee. 

Henry Belden, Cor. .Sec, 



give movement. Sixty years ago w n; n "h" friends of 
humanity in Gr at Bri.ain were labor. n? to overthrow 



Cool'. — The New Jersey Freeman asks the Pent 



humanity m Gr at Bn.am «, laoot. to ovult-.w ,!, ; nson v,nia Freeman to give a notice of the next meeting of 

the African Slave Trade, a man named P. Hants v , C„ P t Walker ha a! o bee. de ..red |» Mg ^ state Society-Liberiv party. Thould the editor^ oi 
was then clerk in a Slave house 5, Liverpool vie; „ue* He ,nu,v, t,.e e,s welcome oo, shores be- & J ' > agrees- with 



had been formerly a clergyman, and a ffMiit wrote a 
' book to prove ilihf the enslaving of the m groes wa- 
ponkstent with the Bible'.' (vid C!arks< n> List. \ ii. 2 
page 89.) This fact is mentioned in the history ot the 



cause be bears the marks of Southern Spr/c. 

The validity of Jbp. Randolph's will which has long 
.-en c»s,t< !■ « ,! is st last selthdand some SOO'tff n •<>:•> 
i.-ivi-, have been delivered ou of the bands of thost 



iuho heldtlfin in bmdage. 

times as an awfu' mstancc ofd T rovtty. But now in en ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ft( ^ ^ ^ T i,!ing> 

eiiantend christian America, not merely a tens gad e Jet-- 1 ^, fW „„ ^.j,.^! our hearts Lave ccme uneven fron 



•emgaoe . t> ( , | )at naV( . g a dd,-nd our hi aris \ ave ccme v 
Hit but Presb. Methodist fr.ptis & Kf iseor^! 5 oclor»J !, ^ S i. ive markietg «f Brazil. H< nry A. « 
Divinitv and Professors in Colleges and 8*»'nft«t*, <•<• sa() orto the court a]Rio Janeiro, bimse'f 

Iff. i ■ i i -.. ii. t. *..c!al!iK\i'nt.lO:mi , i . 



j.'ivmuv ano rioic»sy.a >n 

the same thing and glory in their sham-v Asl/iilisuatioiu. I 
. f this which have accurrrd during the year we may :.o~ 
ti'ce the proceedings of a convention of Methodist Min- 
ister held ot Louis-vide, Kentucky, which result' d^ m 
the sepe.ation of the great l-ody of the churches of ti.at 
connection in the Slave States Irom their brethren m, 
the Free States.- The occasion of this division wa:- 
solelv the refusal of the northern portion of tin- di nom 
lhation to have a slave holder for a Bishop. 

The result has been the division of that large eec'.cse 
' astica! body into two parts. Histobe regretved ho- 
over that while the North, ffi eoe.fej-.-nees I ave become 
sep- rat, d from the Southern, en acto»,m of their Ami 
eiaverv tendencies they l ave not purge. 1 , themselves, 
from the sin o' slavebolding. s. vera- of tin- border erne 
trances «h:ch be on Both **d*»s of Mason and Diw>n 
line are composed in part of nread.e.t,. am. ii.< mbu - 
who continue to llraft'ic m lire b' dies anil .-• «• ■• el n.t i. 

The old school General Assembly of^be I'.esby u-. ,ai 
Church at their m-eling i-. May, acted in a i:-.a::.,e- pei 
fectly consistent wrhthe u::. :.:y. ii^ p.o .v-'av <> cours. 
which they have pursued for s -J : 
they took soine.m v, s.eps and wen: ,_■■<•' t'ouet, far'.l«-i 
than ever before, that s.-nv. of .heir Pf; h|jjj;'-J s : "fi 
coresponding etch vast.^i '<;.<: i : tv' r, ' l ' : \ !l 1 ; ; ' 

They gave their direct sa:ic;ion and ;'| ; |.i"oyal el the 
practice of holding Slaves. , They < :.pr< ts th. .i um» 
probation of what they are pit as. d to regale, as 0.1 us- s: 
But the institution ofslave.v rtself, .they \ rentmce a 
o-oef iiiir.V. Hviprtje ncnction of CI i\& U. Itis Ap-s- 



fi on 
bas 
lolder 



and hitherto a detemini d supporter of the Slav .- power 
' "aseiiusirtl id' Ids Herg'os U> expose and I reak dov\n 
Slave trade het+ee»« the coast of Africa and. -1118! 
■. ountrv. l"n 'be p>>gress of th's buisness he has made 
vorue astonishing tiscisur- s ir.piieatiue merci.au-.s in 
New Yoii. and; JLiojon and in England as being eng; gpd 
in tl./e traflie. Mr. Vise has carri d >n an 'extensive cor- 
respondence with ur gove'rnin nt and h(^ declares thai 
if he can be sustaitd in bis efforts he -will so exposi 
he .-no: rniies of th trade as 'o wake up the iiiebga lioi 
of the whole Ameevm p. o^ie. Vv.- mu.-t eonfesi tba 
all this would soujl iwuch more pjeasopt in our ear 
i .Mr. Wise bad^oinmefited bis aril! African-Slav. ■ 
i;:. 1 .. operatianS htr'aiismiting a deed of m-.numissioi. 
;o those whom I lio ds in bondage on bis oui 
■ .lan-ation. Hut vht-vei may be his motives, or i.ow- 
ver his rtii'its uv succeed &l, Washington ue can- 
•iot but rejoic hi a- Pfi^j^ct of great good grpwip!g 0,0 

The British go-rthnent sti'l continue their efibrta t« 
op-press the slavurtde on the cp:>st of Africa. i t i 
^.'iira ].. one Wahmaii of A ig. 30th. says that sine: 
he strength ol f . squadron was augmented by ll). 
addition ot steamower in Anrn 1844 tip to the ]\h 
, c nth Junf ls4co short a period as fourteen months 
„ fewer than be'eeti Wr/yatid srrcnty ves.s-ds of vari 
u;s sizes Iku e bo captured by her magesties cruisers, 
i'.-r b: ing e-nngag. in (he slave trade! Outofthis nutn. 
i er not . ne has t'ape'd eoiuh mnade.-n, either f'-r bein; 
e<iuip. d for the ive tia.ie, or for having Slaves oi 

-.:;;■<!; in the hit.: a-e uj^vaids of 500 slaves bav. 
been rescued ammaneipated by the courts ..f the col- 
onv.' 



th6 Pi" usyivania h'retman or any one who agrees with 
them in regard to anti-siavery duty, attend this meeting, 
Ihey v^ ouii! be ele nied trio right to give their views H e. 
will, however, give the notice w hich the Freeman does 
not ask . fits — namely, that the meeting will be he'd at 
Tr nton. on the 28th instant; and I moreover earnestly 
urge id I Abolitionist who I ave no fancy to being gag- 
ed, to stay away from it. Anli- Sloven} Standard. 

Very "coo/" indeed to ask an "ant isla very editor to 
publish a notice of an onii-Siavery Meeting. 

We did indeed ask the Pennsylvania Freeman topuh- 
li-h the notice of our meeting, for in the: hone st simplic- 
ity of our hearts we could not conceive of narrow ness of 
soul enough in such an editor to make him even desire 
to do otherwise: we askeel the Freeman and tw o oir.n- 
papers in Philadelphia to give ih.'s notice and we did 
no. li. fi the uted of asUug any one else. Our objtct in 
asking these, v>as to. get the notice of our meeting b. - 
u.re the pteple of JWst Jersey, and we are hoi y t sen* 
sible of an \ impropriety in so doing. 1 he Simuiani htu 
^iven Us a specimen of noble generosity, with a totfkb 
Li.o.ive in publishing our meeting for the sakeot advistv. 
ng li.c people'-io stay aV ay from it." \N'e will feciplo- 
„a;e tb.sunt ur w ti. une exception, we will 7<i'e? ad- 
vise the. people, ll Losia\ awav tiom" any Ot rise ' tand- 
ud's me» tings. The S.andard is the oigan of a So.cie- 
y that has pledp U. "to do all that is lawi'tds%"' il its 
,a) -m i to I ring about 1 the extinction of slavery , r j Wbis 
■> just what the V J. -Society is tie ing, il nevei-hat fan 
put one or two members that we know of, op;.osue; to 
ua'lot fox abolitionism, yet no one was ' tvtv "gyvged^l 
a. .o none have ev.t been "denied the light to giVtt<til«i> 
views'^" -\ *' w "' ! "'" ' r ' d,f ""» ni iMumvmi tng)* 

We cannot appreciate the i'liberality of those who 
ire disposed to quarrel with s!ll thoS'-'w ho h lmui- lorthe 
iverthrow of slavery in any way not marked, .out in the 
: tat.d..rd. We sa; , God speed to every man who. Utȣ$ 
.awfully, for the ovcrJiro* of slavery. ' 



■1 



THE NJ.W JERSEY 

FREEMAN. 



Hearts dead to the c'a7ms" a n.aa, cannot be alive tc 

,e coBtW^W&A&f W\ ?¥'T fl ° UnSh °' 
ne ground where hunr.mil withers. Aeep. 

THE ANNUAL 
MEETING. 



it not be done, that tl.t work may t oi ling< : 7 

Many who do not call themselves abolitionists wi! 
. he.-rfuilv give something for this cause, and we fr.-s- 
that the appointment of this committee will not pre-., n 
my one from sending on his contribution, whose hea 
n-ompts him to do so. 
Again, we say, let not this matter he delayed. 



on on the 28. and 3 
nw t obi West Jerso, 



This Meeting wajgj 
,fjan. It. did the ht 
Wends and rind them such true hearted men 
:uuse of ti e. com. 

The Meeting 



in the 



hv 



nistake tiieiSjate Tempe.atte. SfAely held its meeting 
it the same lime, some of our frimds did not car.e bV 



' MEETING OF THE STATE ANTI SLAVERY 
SOCIETY. , 
• Wednesday January 23, 1846. 
The Society held its Annual M eiing in the City o. 
Trenton in the Temperance Had. The President, 'J 
V. Johnson of Newark, toqk the chair at 2 o'cloc k I 
I , Prayer by Mr. Burr of Philadelphia. The Minute 
tithe last me. ting were rend amended and approved. 

He nry Belden, the Corresponding Secretary read iht 
Annjual Report, which was accepted and re erred to 
Messrs. \Ve«d,BcMen, Parkhurst and Plumly for re- 



vision 



Messrs Grimes, Clark and Plumly were appointed a 



.t the same -lme^some o. oui n.^u, u.» — V»"»«?> » . , 

•ausethcy undei-tco(fMfttW ; p&« ctt*ldjf« prncutod '. eomimfoe forepart on the state and prospers ot me 
to hold a meeting' in and m-sides this it is very unpopu- [slave Case involving the right to hpld slaves under the 
ar in this 'and to hold Uii Silvery Meetteys. How- new restitution. 

Messrs. Grim s, Woodruff, Parkhurst, Underwood 
and Clark, were nppt&T&d a committee to report busi- 
ness resolutions. 

Messrs. Eelden Bla:k ami Parkhurst were appointed 
a committee. U report a list of officers fo> the ensuing 
year. , 

On motion, Resolved, That the Society present each 
member of the Legislature, a copy of 'Alvan Stewart's 
argumen' before the Supreme Court on the slave Case- 
Mr. Underwood from the business committee repor- 
ted the following reso ution, in reference to the employ- 
ment of an agent, which v as accepted and laid on the 
table. 

Resolved, That we advise the Executive Committee 
to employ some competent agon , to go through the 
court the j State and Lecture on the subject of slavery. 

The nominating committee reported the following 
list oimcers for me ensuing year, which was ud pled. 
Thomas V. Johnson, President. 
Edward Weed, John D. Mills, Charles F. Clark, fir 
Alexander Black, vice Presiu. nts. 

Henry B Iden, Corresponding Secretary. 



ver we' Iiad'a very ; ^ J r \ °. ; \ lace to. meet in. 
,-hich was secured ft>r us Lv H. Rush i-indy wAfefl 
indefatigable labours for the cans. 61 ll i i m disUngu- 
,h HWf torn all the other bit!?.. «•. T, m n 

fm-We«m^'W'eVe.oi f»*B» UHAr-ad to thn.-e win. 
lave, hearts, at* '. ser " sue b 
ixtremiu-s ol the stat mim 
casfen The eve.-.ing « ft: be 
.re*eS**m Messrs. h r s 
vith most exccellent i free/ 
for a whi i.e. c on i maty i .. 
sey we think a very ■. -a: e! 
mong them on dfe su. o 
The other m<etm^ ■• 

Vb 
ti 



con U ;t. 

. » tT-»fJO 



tw o 

ti . l it ad- 
I'hii'.'Oiphia 
i p.; n. couk. 
■ c ;' Nt w Jer- 
eiiec'icd a- 

i; 1 ooim ss, 
rejoice 



at.a.s.tar.d^vas lakeu to car<\ up o ano' 
slave cas s. which wer.- in the pinion of so m-ny, un- 
justly'^ 1 ei'ded in our .supreme court a si year This is 
pi' great importance to the cause in our Slate; under the 
jnlerprgiaUofi'o! fhe 'WSw (^{ is' tit ut'ion given by this 
court. SitH-e'i ■,U«Wl*JWs , ii3 c'a. .5 at v ami must contin- 
ue a*itfug»Ai<?d J6«tsb*ilW s^W^ e§ptt "> gJ 1 
black tam wiped a«v ■ \i v; full in all ihe courts we 
will Soto the Leg st^-u < . -.: ! ..' >•«.• / = ! i 
pack to the people^ aim p-'ise.- 4 . cnui 
heaid and jus ice bft u.-fte 

Ail the Anti-Slavery friends were exlr 



Resolved, That in doing this for the open and avow 
d purpose of expending the area, and stn ngthning th.e 
nstitution of shivery, it has outraged the moral sense of 
>i the nation, prostituted its high powers to a base and 
hjectj and made us weak ;<s a nation, by strinph g us 
.f our re utation for Justice and Freedom, from ambi- 
ious ends, and by provoking against us the jealousy 
,nd hatred of the whole civilized world. 

Resolved, That unless the government can be wrest- 
d from the control of the slaveocracy, its dissolution 
s inevitable. 

Adjourned. 
Thursday morning, 9 o'clock. 

Dr. C. F. Clark, vice President in the chair, prayer 
JV Mr. Be'den. The committee f r revising the ar.nu- 
il Report recommended several emendations which 
were agreed to, and ike report was adopted. 

The committee on the slave Case reported by reom- 
nending that the Case be carried up, and that a com. 
be appointed to raise the necessary funds, (about $250.,) 
and take, charge of the matter, whereupon the following 
res.-.lution was unanimously adopted. 

Resolved, That the Case be carried to the Court of 
Errors and Appeals, and that a committee of 25 be ap- 
pointed to raise funds and lake charge of the Case. 

The fol' owing it dividuals were appointed on this 
Committee. 

Thomas V. Johnson of Newark; Jonathan Parkhurst 
of Springfield; John Grimes, of Boonton; ..Isaac Van 
Biarcom and Benjamiu Crane, of Paterson; Jacob L. 
Brotherton, of l5 ver- Dr. C. Allen, of Deckertown; 
Jam s Howe, of Jers y Citj ; Alex. H. Freeman, of 
Orange; T D. Weld, of Belleville; B. Rush Plumly of 
Trenton; Enoch Middleton and Peier EHis, of Cro»s- 
wi.eks; Samuel A ins-n, of Sa-.dhi 1; Charles Stokes, of 
Moorestown; Dr Joseph Parish, of B irlinat^n; Jacob, 
Ford, ofAlientown; George T. Aikins.m. of Mnilica 
Hill; Alexander Black and D. C. Ogdcn, of Swtrtlesfc'di 
rough; Dr. C, Clark and Win. E. Cocpcr, cf WbpdW 
bury; Henry Keep, of Madison; Jo.-eph J. Fitiperaid, 
of West M'ilford- and Samuel Hack, t, of Wood,... v, r,. 

The resolutions reporte d yes • rd. y by the committee 
with that of Mr, Und.-rwo. d were adopted. 

On motion, Reso ved that the executive- CoimmU.'e 
be advised to call he next Annual Meeting in Tremor.. 

Adjourned, sine die. 



will go I 
nafi be 



next aunuaj 
au holiest., c< 

for Juanght. 

' H 1 '-.1*1 



: l ed 
iding the 
(I under 

it.v-eihef 



^|ejK.a/id,(jxj jH. . Freeman, Reeordi n g , Secretary . 
George W. Est-n, Trea-urer. 

Executive Committee. 
Johr/Grimes, George W. Estvn, Hetiry Belden, S. 
A. Gondii, James S. No: ris, George Atkinson, Rich- 



ard V» ilkii.s. 

Dr. Eid.-r ol Fh.il; 

: v.-:.- d 11. * a.U nt ion oi 
joumnv nt in a r 



audience 



called 43PO' 



i.l) 
cu- 



^.THE COM 



xe unui e nour o 
igly agreeable manner. 

Adicurn»d. 



* We 4> all send r. c r r - : 
■timbers of this commit ee 
of th • Slate meeti n g junnil 
one^iCTt-rMbOBt'ji»'to:*'V 



if 



•■i:ai> lo all tt e 

appi al to lacli 
ol..'xt T n L-i- 
uoi get- so much, 
is oidei^to nteet.^e expense of car yii.g up to another 
Court, the Cases' which w. re so unfortunately decid.d 
against the slave las; year. This is a small sum, and 
we trust that every one will v el th<- importance of at- 
t.-> ding to'it without d'-lay, th t the eoivmiiie may taii 
labor underifie^olsaclvrintn'g. s of p eu. iarv .-ntbarrass 
ment in pj-osecuting tins woik. A sub -committee con 
sisting we b dievey-of B. iiu>.i. Pium'y of Tr inon, ant 
Enoch Middleton of Ui-...'-: - i- htis hv n appointed 
to, carry o 1 'the-yotk^eith.-r of whi. h nay tea'ddress- 
co by any v. }.o ha\TB funds ft cenj I . u.e. 
'* ¥Ae pV.soculion*o.f this w- ri, ... re c tfcari y corntct. < 
with some .jtor>onal iiatnhtii-s, -i.-..ha.s ii.g bends 
and it is proposed l!.<:t each mi mter ol ihis committei 
K*6d aT»ie}>»-*iioteiy 4 io ^heroftheiabpve n rnedgen- 
.1 . .1..1U— .... ^ s pledge to do so when SalltC 



o'clock P. M. 
in the chair, prayer by Mr. 



Il mCll t i. U - I . k! i - .„ .... - ;, • - — 

fr. _ Thisis'a-ma!. sum .0 U roll ted.^t ...xh ,,^h ^M&mtoriwtii- 
borhOod, -and Wl5*l»^4ione hv a in- it- a-.i'on, and slfl^l I 



The president in the chair, prayer dv ivir. Under- 
wood. The committee on r solutions reported the fol- 
lowing, which were laid on the table, and Mr. Burr 
a. d Dr. Elder of Philadelphia occupied the evening 
v ilh highly interresting addresses. 

Resolved, That as in individual, so also in national 
proceedings, perfect uprightness, both in purpose and 
action, is the highest expediency 

Resolved, That tl.e strength of a nation consist, not 
so much m its wealth, numbers, and munitions or war., 
as in the purity and uprightness of its government, tin 
v iriue and moral heroism of its citizens, and a go d rep- 
utation. 

Resolved, That the area of Liberty cannot be ex ten 
ded by war, aud ition, or baud; these have always been; 
her implacable enemies. Her allies, are peace, truth 
and justice. 

Res. h ed TBm ail acquisition of territory, not obtain 
.-dly strictly honest aiid honorable means, and for ; 
■.ooo purpose, weaken and corrupt the nation, au; 
.arnishes its glory. 

Resolved, That our General Govenmv-nt, in tie 
acquisition and annexation of Texas, has shown an 
u t.-v disregard to its own professed principles of action 

4l...',l..™„„,l.. , ..^.,0 .7 . i , 



CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. » 

In the reign - f Henry VII,acccrding fo Hume, 2,000 
criminals w$°rc executed annually; and during the whole 
period that he swayed the sceptre, 72,000 were put to 
death;, \ et Sir TWbn 0- J-U ore averred that property and 
person were never more insecure. In the reign of E- 
iizbeth from 300 to 400 persons ufiered, every year, by 
the hands of the executioner. England, nevertbeltss 
v. -us in a dreadiul s ale of moral disorder. It was ft cu- 
rious, and, in every respect, a striking and extraormr.a- 
lact, stated by the late excellent Sir Thomas Fowell 
Buxton, in the House of Commons, that whilst in the 
leign of th» PlaiUagcntes, 4 ofiences only were made 
eap.i.al— in the times of the Tuders, 27 — ar.d under 
sway of the Stuarts, 36— there were 150 additional of- 
fences rendered capilai. during the reign of the house of 
Brunswick! In the time of George III a one, more 
crimes were denounced as capital than in the reigns ot 
the Plantagenets, the Tudors,and the Stewarts combin- 
ed. 



We have had some cheerirg news from pr Chirk of 
Woodbury, in relation to the s ave case now hi our 
Courts, there is much room for cncouiagement. Let 
every one who feels for the slave and the honor of this 
State be up and doing. 

;ii - : Stevatfs Aigunn At '. • fov* the Supreme court 



hei 
n t! 



. 1.1 doc urn* nt to i licit interest 
)act. Let every friend of 

Liberty procure some to lend, sell nrfgive away iri'W«s; 
\ illage. flu y may he had at the office of the Fi-epma;i 
m Boonlof), T. V. Johnson in Newark and Finch s-t 1 
Weed'l'lS Ni.ssau Street N. Y. 



POET'S CORNER 



CH ARIT Y. \ 

OH charity! thou heavenly grace, 

All tender, soil, and kind, 
A friend to all the human rac?, • 

To all that's good inclined. 

The man of charity extends 

To all his helping hand; 
His kindred, neihbors, foes, ard friends, 

His pity may command. 

The sick, the prisoner, deaf, and blind, 

And all the sons of grief, 
In him a benefactor find; 

He loves to give relief. 

'Tis love that makes religion sweet 
'Tis love that makes us rise, 
- With willing minds and ardent feet, 
T-> yonder happy skies. 

Liberty Minstrel. 

CASSIUS M. CLAY and the N. Y. LEGISLATURE 

While Mr. Clay was in the city he received an invi- 
tation from several prominent members of the Legisla 
'ure at Albany, to deliver an address on Slavery in that 
city, Mr. Clay felt h ; mself obliged to decline the 
invitation, but in doing it, heenunciated some fundimen 
'.a! truths on the great subject, in his own nervous way 
which we present. They are copied from the Tribune 

I have before me now, in addition to your invitation, 
requests from many of the most distinguished men of 
Boston, of Brooklyn, of New Haven, and other p'aces 
in the free States, and from Wilmington and Baltimore 
in the Slave States, for me to address them also, so that 
there seems to be no limit to to these flattering eviden- 
evidences of public confidence aud sympathy, I must 
break away at once. 

This request on the part of sixty-two American citi- 
zens so distinguished, encourages mc to hope that the 
true issua between Liberty and Slavery is beginning to 
be understood and felt, that Slavery isindeed. "an insti- 
tution affecting deeply, for weal or for woe, all portions 
fvf our common country." 

Tf labour be the. basis of the rights of property, Slave- 
ry violates that law. 

If justice, and Virtue, and intelligence are the founda- 
tions of permament Liberty, Slavery saps them! 

{{'constitutional Republicanism be the only guarantv 
of national freedom, slavery has utterly trampled it under 
•foot! If they are not freemen who tamely submit to the 
1 >•• of one right, then are the Ameiican people slaves' 

This is the doctrine of '7*j and the law of common 
sense. 

When Northern citizens are imprisoned and habeas 
corpus denied, and Northern ambassadors ignominiously 
driven a way from seeking redress under the National 
judicature ; 

When Northern citizens are torn from their own 
once free soil and hurried by force into Southern dun- 
geons? 

When Northern citizens are hung in the South with 
out a trial by a Jury of their peers, and without having 
violated any law, or the freedom of speech ; 

When Northern blood and Northern treasure are ex- 
pended for the acquisition of Slave tenitory destined to 
increase the capabilities of oppession ; 

When-Slave Texas has about four representatives to 
one among the Free — thus trampling under foot the 
revolutionary doctrine that taxation and representation 
should be co-ordinate; 

Who shall be so ba*e as to as-k any more in servile 
tones, "what has the North to do with S a very?'' 

The Liberty of the Press in the South is gone to 
day! Will it live in the North to motiow? 

This is nij" longer a question about Africans — 
whether they be beasts or men? — a deb -.te about maud- 



lin philanthrophy! but whether we the eighteen miliivis 
of white men of these States, shall be Free men o, 
slaves ! 

Know, Americans, that the sword and the chain en- 
<>r not the flesh till the spirit — ay, the spirit — of a peo- 
ple is dead! 

Heaven help us to feel, to see, to dare — now — to-dav 
— "Awake, arise, or be forever fallen. 

Pardon the warmth of my language, for I and min- 
ire in chains, and sil -nee is a crime! My constitutiona 
ights are b >me down by violence and per.verted judi 
.'ial dec'sion, and remembering that we were once free, 
we must vindicate them, or die! 
I have the honor to be, 

Your obedient servant, C. M. Claj'." 



Very True. — Mr. Belden in the Annual report gives 
a new definition of the Letters S. S. on Jonathan Walk- 
er's hand, "SOUTHERN SPITE." 

The Slave-holders Prayer. "Lord, bless me and my 
wife and my half cuff." 



Confessions of a pickpocket.— A. eelebra 
ted pickpocket, who was latly sent to Stat 
prison for his misbeeds, being noted for 
liis marvellous adroitness in pocket- lifting, 
was repuested to reveal the secref of his 
success, u-hen die following, among other 
disclosures, were made ; we publish them 
as likley to be useful to those who are will 
ing to take the hint ; 

' Persons in an omnibus who take out 
their pocket book after the stage stops are 
sure to be countrymen. Those who sifop to 
converse on the sidewalks, or in /horough- 
fares ; or who take out pocket books at the 
box or pit offices of theatres or steamboat 
offices. All those who stop to gaze at shop 
windows or count money, or show pocket- 
books in thestreet, or call at the Funk Auc 
lion rooms. All t hese, said he, " are com- 
mon victims. 

"If I find a man eating oysters or fruit or 
carrying an open knife in the street, in nine 
times out of ten he is green, and we victim- 
ise him. Persons who stand up in Thea- 
tres, or on cross-walks, are generally coun- 
try folks, and we make sure of them.' - 

The shrewdness of these observations of 
the pickpocket must be obvious to all city 
people and accounts for the remarkable 
fact that city residents never suffer by the 
operations of these light fingered gentry. 
y. Gazette. 



"iJemocrai" — Poor people are not allowed in South 
Carolina, to become members of the Legislature. One 

f the members of that body recently communicated 
he intelligence to the Speaker, that by a recent misfgr- 
une. he had lost his property, and wii obliged to va- 

ate his seat. 



YOUTH'S CABINET, This very valu- 
able publication appears in a new form, 
pamphlet suitable for binding and preser- 
ving, and is published once a month for$l, 
a year at 135 Nassau Street N. Y. 

The work is elegantly executed and is 
worthy of extensive patronage. 



An Annual State Liberty convention for 
Mass., is to be held in Boston on Wednes- 
day 25 February, We trust there will be a 
great rallying of the friends of universal 
Liberty. 

The American and Foreign Anti Slavery Society 
has made preparations to do ji good work for liberty" 
the comming year. 

The Rev. A. A. Phelps of Boston is engaged as a- 
gent and Editor of the Anti Slavery Reporter. ' The 
Reporter is an excellent paper published monthly at 
118 Nassau street N. Y. at $ 0,50 a year for a singb 
copy. 5 copies to one address for $ 2,00 10 copies $ 
3,50. and 50 copias for $ 12,30. subcriptions will be 
received at this office. 



? ■ ? 



Slaveholders.— The whole number of 
slave-holders who are voters are said npt 
to exceed 72 000; while t here are in the free 
States nearly a million voting freemen. Free 
Lab. Adroevte. 



THE ANTI SLAVERY' ALMANAC, 

for 1846, is just; published by FINCH & WEED, 118 
Nassau Street New York, and for sale by them, whole- 
sale and retail. They are also for sale at the office ol 
h" Freeman in Boonton. 

Every anti slavery man in the Slate should constitute 
himself an agent for the sale and distribution of this Al 
mauac. Let this be done without delay. 



ANTI SLAVERY BOOK STORE. 

Myron Finch and Thomas A. Weed have opened an 
office for the sale of Anti Slavery Books, Pamphlets 
Tracts &c. at 118 Nassau Street, New York, Let them 

be well patronized. 

—————— 

MODERN PROTESTANT CHURCH COURTS 
UNMASKED, is the title of a Book by the Rev. 
George Bourne, exposing some of the iniquitous pro- 
ceedings of Ecclesiastical bodies in the Protestant 

church. It should be read by every body. 
For sale at this office, price 31 cerfts. 

CONGREGATIONALISM AND CHURCH AC- 
TION Is a small book published by JOHN KEEP 
Pastor of a Congregational Church in Ohio. It should 
be read by every body. A few copies for sale at the 

Freeman Office, Boonton, N. J. 

ANTI SLAVERY BOOKS For sale at the Office ef 

he Freeman, Boonton, N. J. 



LIBERTY MLrYSTREL. 

A few copies of Clark's Liberty Minstrel are for 

sa'e at thi* office. 

litis is superior to any thing of the kind we have 
■seen, and shoud be in tlie possession of every one that 
loves iiond music, and loves to make a good use of it. 
Price, 4-1 cents. 

Boonton Washington Temperance Benev- 
olent Society— meets every Monday eve- 
ning in the Free Church. D .C. Norris, 
President, Marcus Evarts Secretary. 

Boonton Liberty Association, — meets Che 
first Friday evening of every month. 
lVI. Kvarls. President, C. B Norris, Sec 



0 





B JCNTOJV, MARCH I 1846- 



T H E 



B E E M A N 



Single cop 

10. copies 
AU commi 



Now O:'! a 



. r > . s arc. 



Whoso C ' " • •> ii 's ''ay mcM 

se, the', it is lea- .: i t - i C's» St.- 

ety is a va^: a> o. . . ,r . ■; .. ,.s n m 'n whic! 
•e bohing.ee.t' struggling, a: >■• a-rop. ic ej< m nt:.. stri 
ing for recoo 1 > en < Tt i ri: ' 

emiserall'. - weight o 

ii? wor'ei'i . - ; i i.' -- 

">e poor stru-jgl .o it"'-... .•• • •.>... of Kar i ': 

un and daug! ; rs !al u <•... '.I. r . . u p ru. 

: of destitu i« : ! < J i i i j \ i • e ■-■ k ••• 
he. hs slue:- it >' •;>" ; : . <>; :i w i. 

le k'red Ubo'fi r f r.. h I I ■; 

>r the chatteL of Am t. » . a..., d una l>iu;i. 

at operatives of 1 1 o!< v r •'» 'i i i i • i: 1 1 j - u 
ope is in God and I i.- \ u \ i 1 nu i.i i v ( tt.d our t j, 
rtnuis are parte oi .Lis j, oi tum. The vast vavt o; 
rogrt-ss rolls on, ; ulnn iging o} | o>i em We |p>pc n 
Sod; w I ope in ours-. iV'-s. Tl e v r'd i.- rrtjaiir.g 
wa mtgb'y < i ..i.e.- . V.'< j, km' tt: ' eve of * tre- 
iend<-Ui, bloodless k vo'isiiou v.ejnuK 1 . m> r it. I 
to ordained. Tie fri< fids of pToer st v. ill go stt adil ■ 
irw nrd through o't'cjuy, through s ; ruggles of • every 
anae aud kind, 'La. impede them on h. ir way. I: is 
ne of the most i new racing : ij. c! I < 'I h > , la 
tind every wh •»•.* is av as n •;— m> hi re and tin re, Lu 
ivry where. Hap|jv for u», it* mi i ^ n.en ag« 
facovery. Link a.' -:r in 1 : of i. g.,i. n , ;.;rn i>t Trutl 
i grasp d by m n and , v, n a k p.i. i..m hcgr»s to see 
hat the upp. r link of that chain is fast* m d to the- ihron 
f God. God has gi en gr a' minds our agej to dis 
over Truth, to to* ' t otw n*c s; .• : d 1 i ' as <>ivei 
» de%*oted aou!.- . ..n' di- for this i ru'.i 

'need be — we h d i op d t] a- -li.' I iter nd ;ts:.«.: 
ay had da- nod, a ••'.>•.. id •.. r ■. h - sa'd 

hat" chains and stri.; ,-. : tn| ii. r.t ir.« n: ar.d -he « o. 
jre the wot id's market {'riv e for v i. .'■ m if rewar/ 
vith which -he: gref.8 -t.i>s« wi o come to rnfigfr.c 
ler." V&'.i iv e y."t a Ii leng r- \ • n'gh: <»f dart 
less has not quit- passed — l.ul lc*l Ui> he rar fui tl.a 
»ur patimce b n i another nam" for ndolence—At t eac! 
•k himself in ill Urwvy. "v ! at is for me to do.' 1 
Then he will find an on ,w r, "w runs! gird ourscl«< 
or actual doing. 7 ' \V mus! a;n T.u h any here ! 
wry where: in I <*gi v ay • nnd I V»- v ays. in lanes afn 
lle\8. Ae.d il«r ■ • e n. ..-.In \f Tiu h we 1 a\ 
•artied. Freedom ' '" ; n 

itJfl.7 the ! of hroai 

(waning--wej)io' k t ul .- . n • of:< n ly l.t way i< 
hich we use it. Ti »• « ' «om lal o r. whose soul i 
indev-'oped, cru»l d 1 v ■! < cdm tes-'onci s ly v i id 
le is sarroundf d, v. : :l. star !y a g'tr| s o r M.e giori 
>us Truths '.vl.iel a •• ! - i . rigl l is beritag 
hinks he is frf i i I • ; . «i 1 l alh.tlox 
tnd vote twice a y at . Uat List; cm hing if it '>> 
lot freedom, iti^- a step toward it and the laborer ha 
ome cause for sMf gra'ula ion. v.l en i «- Ii^oks on tl 
'monsti^ machine''' t 1 at has throv n fiiy men out* 
mployment, and sa\<; to <ant v- to. 

There is work for humanity. To create man froi. 
lie fortolass material, wLich we call meti, is the true la- 



s' of lov^". How is this to be don First, he mu^' 

mad j t" feel that he is a man,— that he Las a Goc 
v n right to hhr.self— to his ov. n so;-/, to his ow u LmL 
■d trunk— -to his own exertions. !fhe ; must he so! 

hin i.ng and degrad rg servitude, it is v something t< 
e1 that he has the li^ht to sell hims-if, to choos^ 

an. t- his master. And ti.t n it is sov-.t'.h'.n-: to him th. 
s can say to the Machine thai is depriving him of bn a 

0 . cant vote." ll lf you ruh' rti j in rca/.'/y, you cat. 

• • appecr.rce." Tiuly, this see i s slight comfoi 
it -light com.'orts are better il an no e. And tl.e firs 

• y-; , g,. s given to the mist able, are not so much valu 
..v for themselv s, ,ts f r that to which they lead. 

Let the right of all mm to education and d«-v lop 
i nt he conceded, and we 1 a>e#Bpe, the nali?atioi 
f this right v; ill fol ow sooner, or later. Man mm- 
ase t'. be a chattel, he must cease to he a "At nd,' 
or when th - first step towards fm c'om is taken, 1 y * 
t.lshing slavery, stiil m< n are to dfgrad<-d flat the; 
>re not called men but "A'/.^d.v." Ail this must ceasi 
•na mm.t he eduieait d. Educaiitn c« mj n J < re's ma 
:*Hal and fj.irhua! cu'ture. The \» 1 o'.e man must I 
'ocated Literary nrr n, Tivin'^ and philosophers ar 
. i d tducatrd. Ii is a fact, from which these cat 
> ei escape, tl at "Lalor is a Lr.iverta! duty, r.r.d r. 
soix-r.-a! netssity. RItnta' activity atone, let mrn'a 

1 or b.- ever s vari> d and excessive, dot s no' fulfil tfci 
w, We see in thesi men olitu the large brain, tht 

! rvous' temperament, the soft, shriveled and tisehs 
ar.d Weq&ts factions of humanity, sen out to ttacl 
he w ay heaven wa.d, when, o.\ing to their own wrong 
raining, their u'.teily (tlKtin <t"v<ation, they art 
« itl.out h< a'th or fp i jts. Can such, in their misery , 
mir.is.ter to a mind diseased? Like the rest of the wor'd 
they fold their I and* and say, tl at "Evil is in* vit* hit 
nd reaigna'i n the highest virtue." This doctrine, 
may do for Fa alists and Tiiits: hut it is fatal to Chri»- 
tians. 

Ac rroN is the Law of Existence. The condition qC 
Life and the condition of Happiness no less. 

L. ORIENT, 



From the Signal of Liberty. 

SLAVEIICLE1NG CHRIS I'lA^lTY — TO THE 
LIFE. 

It tony strike seme minds that the f Rowing tetter 
.-■iu-.'. Lt- a Lurlt sqe. Fo> the t&ke of tuch it may b< 

rnpor ant to bay tl a', its genuine ness is Lcycr.d question 
Fbe individual to whom the I ttcr was addressed i; 

: j r*-, is vsell kft v. n, and is himself well acquaint! t 
with the writer. We lave all the 'fines in full: Lu 

up; ose it t etter to give iht j uLlic ocl the initi. Is. 
The letter may herefore he read as a veritable portrai 

ure. of at h ast one of tl.e forms of a slavehpldfng Chris- 

ianity. 

13. Goorg'a Sep . 4th. 1843. 

Dear Sin: 

1 te-k^ u;> my pen !o write t" > ou one- 
riore, though is not 1 thm write hut the Lord tl a 
» riteth through me. Permit me to inform y«>u that sin • 
■ wrote t" you last, I have come out and tmhiactd ti.t 
•ligion of the Lortl Jesus Chrisi and atvi now living it 
e glorious, light, and liberty of the children ot God. 
\'e have had quite an intern sling church meeting hei 

is week in relation to -Deacon It was th< ugl 

y many that be v. on Id be di ftllo- -shipped, hut fina.l 
i« ease - as set faith in such » tru ia arid vivid light 1 
' c most inlu'-p'ial members of the Church, our ras'i 
:nong the r-st. tl a' be was honorably discharged. F* 
' ar yon will think the case v o s>e tl an it r< ally is. 
ill |ust sta*e the facts,(though you are such an al o'i 
ouit, I suppose you will think it I ad enough asil is 
The Deacon had an old slave, that had b< en in th< hal 
of miming away, lut had al»ayp been caught, unt 
iaally i.Lout two weeks ago, he made another attempt 



jVO. i0 . 



Ko sooner was the old thing missing, than cousin 

I . — loi r wed neigbor P s hounds and started 

i search of him. He had not proceeded far in the 
->'.''?, bi fore he fou:.d W.e old man perched upon the 
Hib of. a hwge tree. He ordered him several times to 
urn - down but tht old man who v. as as stubborn as an 
:ss t sti 1 n ai* a n< d I -s j ositxn. Tl ■■e'Deact n then 
coming £.umt v. 1 a' i ?.c itt d. fiu tl his gun at him. 
'he hall passed hiough his ar.l.l ■, and mar.gie d it in- 
uch a manner h t in three days the iishnaortifted and 
e diid. 

But as I have before s'&ttd, our good Easter ("may 
h< L rd LI ss l is sou ) held fov.li for the ju t.fica-icn. 
f the Deac n in such a vivid ant; heaiyen approving 
vie tl al he v.as dlselaigfd t] en d.t gttvet tJat^a 
ad a r'ght to do wl at he pi -ascd v. i-1, hi., ov.n prop.-r- 
y, ajut'gment t! at wonld have 1«<m] parsed by rr.y 
ghtecus nen. Yt ur t' i.c It J. I t.rh d Ids ycurgeit 

liiid last week Your cousin V>' thought r- a e 

f s udying at CLt riin lut it fs suth tn al oiition hols,. 
! do not tl ink l is f ther v,iii let him go. I have partly 

: a:gaint d !or tl t v.! £G s ; v« s, i t It ogir.g <o Mr. J 

If I get ti.t m as tht ap as I e>] ett to, I si all muke u 
a d cme profit « n tl.tm, for I understand that lb Cr- 
i ans n.aiket is quite go c new. 1- expect o &; r.c ti:fro 
do«n as scon ?$ my drivt r rcovers: for in fioirgi'rig one 
of Toy o'd s av s the other day, he received a very se- 
vere wound fit m h'm, Is' 1 a- ing struck him with 1 h 
I oe, v hereupon the drivei ins tan- iy drew his t is 'c4 
forn his pocket, and tl ot i im d«-ed on the f.pot, a fa'.-:: 
which he justly m> rjtfd. Fit m his extreme &ge. fl-icg 
ncaily 80 years old.) I consider his death fc ga?« ?-r<i 
not a loss to me, 

In your last you sp.cke cf visit ; rg us n< xt v< r.r. It* 
you come I \ ray you have your al oliiir-nisn^cl iid. fc 
show yourself r. n an. Il it i. ov tin e (ft go to p.'i'-. p 
tOeetiteg aLd 1 must clcs- . v ik ¥ c'iit me in itva 

to you. 

Yours. 

J. W. F 



Frcm the CtcrUr C;.k. 
REGRO PEWS. 

We reccgnize no Church as a Church cf Chrst, ia 
he fu 1 anc It au i;ul t'j.i f t u 1 lat u-ira, which 
abuts ;i portion of iU numbers in:i, «emc ou!-of-the-vsy 
corner, hecaus. of tl.e col r bearskin' VY« ctr.r.et s.- 
wrong the founder of our K< hgion. — 1 h spirt: and let- 
ter « f -he go-«pel are like condt rr.n d iy such t>cicu£ 
istincticn. I s . o to'ortdman who rrope-riy re;ptctE 
himsehf,'can sul mit to this pub ic proscrfpiien t it e.e- 
cennt of the complexion '^»-hicb his maker gave him, 
without ad ep si nse injury, if bol of indignation. We 
have know, n instances, v. here the rth'g'cub principle 
was not a control I tag « h n - nt in 1 e cl Riacte'¥,in v. hich 
his invicluous dislinc ion has driven colored jectle 
cm the Cl urch— and the enh v e ud- r is tl at it does 
iot always 1 ave such nn ef. ct. We once beard the 
lev. T. S. Wright <fN.Y rk. r« n«:k. tli.t cck'fta- 
nd in the Churches. 1 ad driven many of the people into 
nfidt lily. Tl is heyt nd all c n'.ioversy is i r.dsncy. 

A religion tl at juetifi* i sr< 1 d : 1 1 1 t rr ir. tl.< ltcee 
•t" God, v ill n- 1 If ; kciy ft r n < nd i-t if toll cu- vl o 
offer Iy tht m. WtsicnY le terry ii it did— for it is 
ot the r*ligi n of < 1 ri-t. It n ay t> n n 1.1c it in feme 
aturrj — lui tie gitr.d » !• m< nt oi lc*e \ ni t : rg. Lcve 
oes not mj est cdi. us distifcti' r.r uj e n i's tl jec(. 

Christie ti love, esp< c'aily . do' s rot inst il the Most 
hgh 1 y c nit r, [ i < 1 1 tin r ■ i ri 1 it < 1 i'd;er. Let 
o msn I f deee i\t d : G< d i: til n f t hi d. Hi v 1 o dts- 
: s' s m< n. because of the c ici Cod fs\e tltm, 1< ves 
ot the UnivrrssI Fail.- r. Ii maj be in the Chuich, 
is praye m= j It it t s. ; i f i 1 1 - i : : : ":ti trn- 
nding tor the faith ti.t t ol'uin til - i ii tr," u sy 
tf e txct&shc — Lut, in Lis ci LUii.ut oi CLi.li'b little 




pacs he r< jecls Ci r'tt. f?P ifiirp fce'vtiy~ rfj *0i *, I ; 
j ? c is jj.lt a Cl.iU :,Jy«.— For to be a Christian, is U.hav 
the -spirit of Christ. C'pi: crx cit.cen. i.iCl.firt; 
sending a o riion of his auditors to a r mote p»rt of th 
temple — excluding tl«oi from all j.esail.k pi intact wi.i 
ft* rest— because of • n.v physical peculiarity whici 
might mark .the m ? Ev- n If.e vtiu pf| -1 a^r i» ;' f 1 
:and * ou d rejoct such an Idea as deroga to Ch s i|i 
Yet whole Church. -giv ihcir sane. Ion I 0 he con rnti 
ance of the "Negro V w," *&nJ sdil cla.m that the; 
have th spirit of Curia?,. and are his! $u they lie 
greatly misapprehend his spirh, or ihei. own.'— ^ Wo 
ask them to consider the in -it r. If th y are right 1 
this treatment ofih i color d bre hre-n -if their ccadue 
towards th m is s n;.ior. d by Cbriii .i-.i.y— the" shout 
we be glad to ko.»w in what ivs/.cl A religion of Chu.. 
is better than th /c of Mahomet » 



nd numbers of Christians anil Pagans, at the commence 
«-nt of il e reign .-f "Diocletian. After suggesting som« 
,timat< s, he proc eds : 

"It is ernmeous to estimate their strength and influen 
.•by Irmi.iral calculation.- All pliieal chang s ar- 
m ought by i compact Organised disiplinod minority 
'He mass of mankind follow any vigorous 1114 ulse frcn 

d.'term'n-d f w." 

3u?h is the r sult of the obs -rva ion< fone who ha: 
udi- d history profo nd y. Let it not b- lost on the 
.iberty party.— Slaveholders a pitiful minority as 1 
lumbers!; 1 ave c< ntie 1 <d tl e v 1 o e octic of our gov 
rnment for fifty yrora, because they vcic a c'mpac' 
traahised. determined minority. Let abolitionists b 
uch a minority, and th'fy ran r. nllol, ^within a fe\ 
ears, the action ol the G n"ral Governm' nt." 



Ftcmthe Bangor Gazette. 

Slave Ti;.\or.. Interesting accounts of the Slav. 
Trade have he :i r ; ctive-d in this c'ounMy fttm Siem 
Lrooe. The c'at. s aie up to 3Uh of August last. 

Sixty vessels engaged in this trade %s cr; captured be- 
between the 1st of April,-!-: and he 1? 1 April, 1845 
fjome of them \vero eommanckd b> mos c ar-ng vilyam 
aud several of iht-n C*»gl» v.i.h dcspera.e valor ere 
they surtnd- red. 

One of these vessels, the Airicsno, v as captured 
soon after she left 1 er j on.— Her hold contained fa* 
hundred end tu Afj-t.sec iU-va! 1'hese v.,e tiovcd to 
pellv r there wit! < u Itgl v iihou- air- wit! out w» 
t er_ Mriibm beds. 1 he first nigl I aft* 1 1 < r capture, 
twenty-eight dh-d; thir.y move perished 1 core he ves 
.sel arrived at Free Tow ;., the sum*" number the day 
after her arrive! at the port ! Wh.-n he po »r wr -tcl.es 
left were land, d, tl .y !< upl en tl. u tftd f4 for the ca 
f^es.haul?d on the^-ach, pushing and fightieg with 
each other, while attempting to drink the stage mt »a 
,cr contained in tin m. The in! abiian s of Free Town 
succeeded in reducing them to orde;« and, very soon re- 
lieved '.hum by supplying tlvm with food, dr.uk i-nd 

shelter. • 

The bififtors of t is traffic no ionugueccn te'L ^ 
may conceive then. ; but language fat's % lay bare iff 
horrid imqui.y. Of all record, d 1 un.an gu 1 , : he guilt of 
this traffic is deepest. If we ejiier a S ave vessel an:! 
l,cokal the seen* s thert — ' I < Icatttoon hole— heRv 
often eh-dntd to th.- dead- n oti ens tramj-hi g fron 
\ cry va. t upon the weakness of th>ir children, am' 
fathers dashing out the brains of their wi'es — the ah 
putrid with death vapor, and horror surrounehng ah-- 
or if turning fr .m the^'a sigata we look at the cruel and 
and sordid avarice . f civilized man, in pursuing this fraf 
f.c in l.umari tiocd witl a ferocity v.hich harrows «] 
'.he soul, and a il ndish spi it that mocks at. every hu 
ir.anenonni y— we cannot but won Jer that the civiliz e 
uatipnsof the earth do not co> bine to crush il. K< 
wave should be darkened by th- flag of the pirate Slav 
dealer and aea p Huted with his bloodstained villain . 
the ensign of no na io i should piotcct him one insta 
from the doom of death. It is the c/nn ■ of ear.h an. 
the power of m m should b<; put forth 10 the u.termos 
uith industrious and indignant zeal, to track out th 
m-mster villains tha: thu-; s.ain the act a With blooe 
mid sweep them foiever from its free a d v. ide circum 
ferefteo — Ex. Pace, . 



THE POWER OF A MINORITY. 

The able Editor of the Christian Freeman thus an- 
swers to the Liberty party that it is a se.i II minority 
"We are s metafiles ashed, w i n the < on emp uous a 
of those who once despised the fi.eLle cp'rainencemcn 
wall of. Jerusalem, and insultingly inquired; f'what A 
these feeble Jew.-" — of what use is your Liberty Party 
Wh-itc.n you do with 60,000 vptes aga'nst 2,500,OCc 

It s eir.s to us that Mitman, one of the mns' profouni 
and philosophical histor'ins 0? the day, has statdd a prin 
cip'e which will answer he above inpjiry respeclir 
the Liberty party. He u discussing the relative bteengtl 



D I E 



From Clafs True American. 
IT IS COMING.' 

Freedom, universal Freedom, is coming: and th. 
gates of hell cannot prevail agatost it. 

In the border slave States, discussion isgoirgon. in 
,.imc form or another, f 1 educaiion — lor the white 
basis— for a larger m cl.a ical interest— for labour — foi 
pecuniary advance men:— or f< 1 < mai cipatio'n directly i 
nd in all these foims, (excluding lh< last.) wl ethei a- 
owtd or not, the seed's ol d. a h are being sown for hu- 
man slavery, if the be sustained. 

The men who participate in this action, may qualify, 
and gvaid their language, as they phate; lie y nay d. - 
ncut.ee Et.d scorn anti-slavery men ; but the sling is 
there, and they are leaping to iveit.feet. G."l add 
to their -tr i gth ! We \v. uld put into their hearts tl e 
ire of the spirit, and 1 cur cut frcm their mouths its 
higneet end holiest truths! , 

The pre=.s is no sign oi;the times. On t)ie subject ol 
-laveiy it is kckid in the South. a< d l' e.slav.-. cracv 
carry thg key. In the Nor. b. with limited exceptions, it 
is ye' trammel ed by a sub -erv.n and cold pohcy, o. by 
covardly fears. It eel Of s id \ 1 'lull lg pulsa.iou 
f the public heart, beating loud and s r.-ng f»r hun?an 
liberty. Buti the Soa-.h . leading pa tical jbir6« 
;peaks out ojiafjiii'slavery. ve h ive a aign worth no- 
. icing — not because its editor is hoeest ad bold— but 
chicfily because it is conitfisiv ofthe wish; as well as 
determi alion, oi the people to heave oft this gna an. 
clinging curse. It would n- t be d..i:e were it "1 cr 
.use. It would not be, but at the risk of pecuniary ru- 
11, . nd personal ditfu'.cr, a. ^ th.Lc tic i.«t (he t 'm. ; 
when men court the loss of • ne or of the other. 



At Koonlon on Thur-day Che 20 last, aft. r a 

lingering illness, Francis Stkci'd, wife of Samuel C. 
Tibbals, and daughter of George Whipple, aged 28 
\ r ears. 

On the 1 3 f h. it It. athjis residence, Rancocus, N. J. 
oseph Lundy, father of tha 'aire nted pioneer, in the 
ause of the s'ave. B -nJamin Lundy, in the 85th year 
f his age. jje v, as a wor by and ste. med membej. 
,f the Society of Friends Feun. Ficcn.un. 

Tiie Slave Kule. 

In the \ :tvy depart oteivl at Washington, 
there are fro .. the s ate tales 31, from the 
free States 12-s44. Mr. Secretary Upshur 
tpjminitetl 32 niulshipnien, lO from Vijgin- 
hit, 17 IVoid M:ti vl;».U(l. I'thtuare and Dis- 
i riot, of Ctil tiul'ia ar.d 0 irt»m the free 
-tales — s\/w7>. riilniL. 



Bi.eachp.g \ l'< si n paper says: 

' It is noticeable in thi.s market, tlult 

Shernian's Lozenges are not so hlack as 

(hey were." 

Upon which the New Orleans Picayune 

remarks: 

"And in litis maiket, that negro babies 

tire neit so block as the v used to tie." 



''slavery as it is. 



99 



Men Hunted by Qqgst—A late number of 
iho Sumte r Co. V\ hig, published at Living 
iton Alabama, e ontains the fallowing atro- 
:io :s advertisement-proving what is noto- 
iously •fin'- that it is n regular business at 
be soulh,.to train dogs to catc'.i negroes, 
md to let thtMii out by the day or job, to 
mut poor runaways in the swamps and 
©rests! The advertisement is copied pre- 
isely as it appears in lite whig. Load il 
aen and wome n of the i\orlli! 

Negro Bogs. 

THK undersigned having bouaht the en 
ire pack of Ve^ro d isfs, («f live Hays 
t Allen siuck ) lie now proposes. 1. > calcl 
imaway ^ eg roe.-. His charges h il! I" 
t'hree pollars per day for hunlifui, a.»d ^ii- 
feen DpHars for catching :> runawy. He re 
idev3 \-l miles \orih of Livingston' neat 
■he lower .Jones' IJIniT roa'ti. 
Vov 6, 1845. — (im. 

WILLIAM GAMUUEL. 



Treason, murder rape and arson, are 
crimes punislBtble with death in Massachu- 
set.s, and the (iovenw r commends such 
sfK'vi.Asion oftlte ciimimtl code as will cou- 
fi' e that penally m murd.-r in the first de- 
aiosyv He mentions tl e case oferunin^ 
ais who haw c<m,miiied some of the other 
1 rimes na ted ami 'he*.! p.-.;petrated -murde*? 
in ..re:* 1 to dtsiri y » « inter s r- West. tit. 

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. 

The Prisoners Friend reprrs. etc those who are la- 
bouring for the Abolition o this ancient practice, have 
avourablo prospect* before them. 

In Congress, John Qui ncy Adams has given notice 
hat he will introduce a hill f r the Abolition of the 
Death P. nalty. 

A bill to abolish public executions in capital cases 
has aUeady been brought in Ly J. R. Ingersoll, pur- 
suant to notic.", read twice and committed. 

A motion is mqw b fore 1 he Legislature of Tennes- 
see to ahlish the death pena'ty. A similar motion is 
,iow bef re tha Ohio Le^ : s a ure, »ni also b.fore the 
Legislatures of AJabinu, Indian , • 11 d Rhode Island. 

In Indiana a bill has passed he Kou>e of Reprecen- 
alives by a vote of 63 to 20, that gives to the jury, in 
.ascs of capital crimes, a dWreti nary power of finding 
he prisoner be pieced at solitary confinement in the 
State Prison for life, or that he be hung. 

Ti.is is e veidently but ^n i direct mode of abolishing 
langing. — Sig. Libe-Uj. # 

The town council of Edinburgh, Scotland, has carried 
1 motion for the abolition of all capital punishment, by 
1 majority of 12 to 5. 



To r m • k f't i : s . — nmhing^is a filthy habit, 
itykf the b vt of it, so aj o are chewing and 

*ir>tiffiiio <»ei'inau i>' v " loerists assert that 

oft weni y drn I lis of m. h. 1 «iv. ecu the ages. 
»f eighteen and 1 wenty -fiu-, ten are the re^ 

Milt of w aste of the constitution by smok- 

iuiir-Lib. Standard. 



Krafts 3<?8 ' 
tie com-"' 



^ THE NEW JERiLY ; I AVE « ASE«£jJ 

The particular a i ami of Am* ■ in'.errested iu the <n 
i-e abolition of sla< ■ ry in IS « w Je sry (and v\ l.al Jer 
eyman can !••• ■ i.evv. -se -bun in < rre»:ed.) is earnestly 
{kdihefav U ■ • d-r : avo a r.«dy teen torn 
Ihcedihb «. .. vi jch *te lost ° 

iveinour' ■ tie- Cou i 

f Errors; an. i . *3 costs. 

)ur friend, Ii t - • • . i as dir. ad., 

tdvauced fit - . ' -~ um, ' d to hin! 

mmedialc y, a- !. u hi v. a .i i.-oin-y. Will no 
|ote gVntlem -n who con chute 'he committee for co'- 
fcting funds, each for himV f, go iir.ua -diaii 1 So work, 
tad collect wha moivy h vsm m-d .-( r.d it cn to Mr. 
Ramlv wilho-t d<- w* W...i !.- • t>-iv.-* m -re than 



be has already nd a c d 



of such costs as v. i;i v c.;, in. ... . ■ 

llknotgrea ly d sirable, tha; our ita e bs redefined 
from the stigma of If ing in ;"■<_•• a i i a i\ is, a Slave 
State? It will bn a « o.-i'-a-. i u . .:»• i ''espot sm 
if we succeed and if w fail w« <■■■ i ' f 1 thai w • hav« 
gone our duty. Can anv on- n •'•« urging in this mat 
t!r? Let it no', b- u d»rs'o<»<' 'in' - tin nrm 



TH NEW JERSEY 

FREF>M/ t N. 



jjaymen 



v a k 



■ a] uj«> e i - 

:! : his fi J ld OI 

■ i y. A rghte- us 

. it hon r of those 
porr. will confer 



Iters of that r< irn.it', e oi I; , 
ry friend of lib v.y in i. • ^ 
labor tor tht roim-u > » 

jecisi n of this c s « : 1 r 
who labor to at <. ■ n j. i.- 1 i 
happiness on l < u amis tf 1 1.: ia. c , ;-. d he |> the caus 
pfjiberty ev- r} w h r 

There are l.un he of in n in l.c State, ' ho d not 
ta'l tberr.H ad I't'onists, il a', will give -om ■ thi g 
for this cavte if th. y ar- a.-k d. S! al! they u t be 
:al'ed on? W< h p- the -importance f his ma t- r may 
>e /eft, and that actio:!, en rgelic and fai'hlul ACTION 
nay show som thing mere than r aefcelinr. 



THE BALI OT BOX. 

I It is matter of gr-at rejoicing 1 a th re is a growi g 
teling among m a ev ry wh- re in favor of carrying 
teir moral principles '0 tl e I allot I ox. 'I he absurdi- 
ty of separating a man's politic I and moral duties, be- 
fns to bssi'.-n and f It. and u.- fust that honest men 
fe not much long r to he humbugged » Uh the w icked 
lonjense that (o rupt and dssiming m n are, by all the 
arts they are masters of, endeavoring to thrust down the 
throats of the p opie, to show the necessity <if establish- 
ing such a s para. ion. 

fii : \ v;» c iv.' % - n ■■ •' ) i ' i : 'i ! n • V >. ; fr >-n the -hack 
9| which hav n > jx'tm'l ••<! them to «ee the glaring 
nconsistenc tof beii--ving s'av -1 o+ding to be a mam- 
iiftth crime, and then in the exercise of a God-giv n 
ighl at the ball, t Lox. give lh< ir votes for slave hold, i: 
4d pro-sla' ery-m n, to rn i'c • a.i 1 x • ute our laws- 
'Temperance m *n are fast shaking oS these shack' cs. 
Chey see thai the great obstacle in the way of progres 
■ this groat cause of b?nv->l -n'-a, is tlT^ sanction am 
At clion gi-ven to the rumseller 1 y the lcu\ The, 
( i that these breeders of moral pestilence; tbes* 
i mufactori -s of m'serv and .pt.veny, 
> llutioa and c-i'ti ■; th -s» mak -rs "f w idows & orphans 
i these ver.d ,-r.s of d a h, dam ta.ion and wide «pr a 
] in, must be stripped of the Iter which the LA Y\ 
;vesthcm, before we have any right to « xpect th 
he blessings .of Temperaace to extend to even a sma' 
lortion of those who most heed them. Temperanc 
jiea are fast opening their oyes to the great iuconsis- 



•»ncy of crying out agaiiust the rom * Her and the lav 
hic't sanction his u ho'y lus'ness and ft%n toting ' c 
tarfi d cidedly oppos- d to the reprrd < f all suci; lavs. 
They have b> gun to f ef, that their dut^P to vote ft; 
none but thosR who will pledge to.do the Temperanc 
work. Our mcst ard< nt 1 errs < f cur Country's ar 
h- World's n d. mpiicn are U ilt i j cn the far', th 
aim] t, s Ifioh and design'ng politicians, are fast losin; 
bi ir influtnc. orc-r I curst I < a; s ri t in h ne dcry 1; 
feeling tl at ho < st, censts < n'. acth n at the hallot-b S 
i- ore of the tl it gs to which \.e are to leek, (cr thi. 
world's redemption. 

We were very forcibly rrprc?£id with the rezltty of. 
hese truths, and received muc cncor.rEgf menl in th< 
con'.emplati(U> of them, b\ spending a si ort t'me atth. 
.it the A: nual Meeting of the N. J. IVtfrnerancc Soci 
ty, recently h Id at Trent' n. The following resolutior. 
v. as offered forcensid ration. 

Resolved, That we exhort all men, who are favora 
b'( to the cause of T« mpoiance, to act ?cn&istcntly a 
he ballot box, and not give their votes forany caudic 
ate who is knotvn to be opposed to granting the meas 
ures for vhkh we petition. m 

This resolution produced not a little sensitiveness a 
mong a very few individuals rret«nt, vil ose lo-?e fpi 
T mperance was somev. ha* weaker peihaps, than then 
ove for Clay or Polk, :<nd to annihilate the spirit of the 
resolution as a binding duty to be put in practice by 
Temperance men, seme one propes' d that all after the 
words "ba lot box," be strickken out, which w as agreed 
o, and the first part of the res luiiou w as adopted w ith- 
out discussion. But vvh- n the part after ' ballot box" 
came up for c< nsideration, then came the "<ug of war.' 
Such was the spirit and the spe- chrs in favor of etop- 
ing the whoV, that after a short sruggle, it v>as adop- 
ted t,r.aiih> o:shj, and the resolution has gone forth to 
the uorld in he foii^a above given, as the voice of the 
N. J. Temperance Society. 

We cannot vote for truth, without vdSi-g for those 
men wko wilJ advocate the truth") If v « \o.e for any 
other 'ban scth m n. we give our tcsilm ny on the 
ir.cst in p< riant cay in the y< cr in fav r of i nor. Le 
consistency r igu among the lovers of truth a-.d all will 
be s ight yet. 

— tro — 

LA FAYETTE AND SLAVP;RY. 

The following is the conclusion of a letter written b} 
the veneiable Thomas Ciaik^on to a frit nd in this coun - 
try, j 
"I will finish my ldt<r w ith a spying rf cne of the 
dear» st friends I ever had, namely, Gen> ra' La Fayette. 

1 was with him oft n, and corresponded with him af- 
er his ccming out of his dungeon at Olmutz. But the 
first time I knew him was win a I was in Paris, after 
the French Re volution, on the subject • f the slave trade, 
8j 1 assis*< d him materially. He w as decidedly as uncom- 
promising an eiv my to the slave trade, and slavery, a» 
•iny man I ever knew. He freed all his slaves i > French 
Cayenn- , who had come to him by inheritance in 1786. 
ind shewed me i ll his rub s and n gulaticns for his es- 
tate when they were emancipated.. 

"I was with him four difleient times in Paris. H. 
was a real gei tleman and of soft and gen ie manneis. 
I have seen him put out of temper, but m ver at any 
ime except v l.i n slavery was'lhe subject. He has sai< 
Veque tl y, 'I BeVsr would ha» e drawn my sword in thi 
ausc of America, if I could l av- conceived that there 
>y I u cs fouedfrg a I; Bd if slavt i \ .' " 



The Sfrivfit GrflHvd". — Tn a recent conversation 
i'.h a fri'-nd wi o had B-ecH much of slavery in his trad- 
ig voyae^s on the Mississippi, 1 e said tl at on cne oc- 
asion. wl en I e wa« s'opp-'ng a' ^plantation landing a, 
S- ight little slave bov of 12 or f4 years of age came cn 
oard his boat, and b-srg"d for something to rat. Hr 
ave l ; m rome b'fad and butter, which was 
eceived with than^fufh<S9$, and the poor child said 
o him i'» his own uneduca'fd dialect, 'When I dies 
nd goes to God, P I tell him that \ cu gave me this.'-- 
inti- Slavery Ba je. # 

Will th* Ke» Yo-k Tib r.c have the g odness to in- 
brm its read- rs. I at n ) < recent admisM«in of the Pl- 
ate S:a.-> of 1 : xas into the Uni n, r.ol a sir.ijle Whig 
:o'4 was riven arc : tst ilfion the State of hertvchy ! 
Of the »ri? ? Wl ig m-mb rs ■ f Congress fton. that "ga'- 
lant Slate ^ five vgtf.d is favokof axkexation, and 
■our shot thepit! as the "gallant Harry" himse'f did at 
the time of the Ltxingfon mcb, last Aug'-'. 

Those ar- thee! a- s '! at w re to. h-.ve kept Tcx?s 
outofihe Union -are ih y? I'itv the Abo!ilior.!£ts 
couldn't 1 ay< vote d \\ i h j ucl. a sett^ moial beauties in 
1S44!— Jls.k. Freeman. 



What y ext! ! ! A '.notion was xmM iij 
the l.eei^hHitre of Maryland recently, to 
sellMhe free negroid and apply (he p.cceecs 
to the payment of ihe State debt ! 

1- H — \ i 

IIakd Times ro« T«*PEas. In rr.es* of the 
towns of t oi'.nt ciiut..' topers are %vI*tTT!y de- 
prived of I he tiiea is of :;H fit ,% drunk, 'ihe 
law utterly forbids t he > Ai- of vt irr:-. » r ■ pMt 
■uous liquors, in either lame or %aial,i Q'-i 
ties. In must t.f t-he towns tfxy J'efure '«i 
°rant lit enses. It'i New Ftaven and N LotJ- 4 
don n ne hu; apotlseciiries are iict im d ; as si 
trey arc ivqutn. d to koep a lecerd t i, rll 
ttiey seil. 

-4 onnetir.ut lias been caiicd 'Ute Land of 
I lue Laws;' and we presume that the in- 
habitants iiifiuihrv p;i' t'i- mpk ligid ruics 
with rigtird to Temperance rather tl*an to 
see anv among t em Iv^tHg feariully Lk;t- 
as arrayed in the urm&s %f Kins Akho&oV 



Freedom of the Press. --The Legislature of Ke: 
ucky has now before, it, propositions, the o&ject < 
vhich is to render the circula ion of Cos-sius M.^ Cla\ 
aper p .vishable v:ith fnc end imprisonnent ! The ci 
ingui.'hed friends of IT nry Clay ar ■ aciively engag 
I procuring this ettactment against the fretdem ot th 
>ress. — Harr.p. Herald. 

"War is a game, 
That were their subjects wite, 
Kings would not play at." 



The Penn. Freeman gives the Pfofepecttis of i> new pa- 
per published by H.mry Lo'iigstreth 347 Market t.?!cct, 
Philadelphia, once ;t morCh at one dollar ret ci ; vm. 
It is maiely io advocate the use of free lalor prtduc's, 
but goes for all ki sdred reforms. We cxtictt the fol- 
lowing. 

"Directing our op rtiohs mrii.iv agafiist i-!cvf-:y, we 
shall not be precLd.d fn.ni (.-cca-- : ( rr:l y rc'vcitir-o to 
parallel re forms — tins to :l ct< v>l\il t*\ k »hf sveic- 
mce ot war and the ahropati n oi 'I e e'e o l.-pri.nly. 
Lil -, Liberty, ;md the pur.m't of h.t\)\ i; e.-s ere irxlii n- 
ible ripl is, and scarcely separab'o." 

Abraham L. Peimock, Spvnu 1 Rhbads; and Gecrge 
\V. Taylor are the Editors. 

"L1EEBTY SENTINEL," is the tub- of a new 
Liberty paj er jnst star ed at P ; t sftcld, Ma:S., Ward 
liulhird Editor. It is - n; j of the tight, sort, ably con- 
lucted, and will a-eomplibh much good. 



The Stars and Stsiffs. — Seventy ncgroeswrrc ar. 
"stedjn CI ntl'-s'r v. n S. C, in the act of worshipping 
Jodaft- rG 1-1 P. M. o the srd I a'h day, ar.d were 
!> alt with as the law din cis," thaii it fulclly f<('_(d. 

a W<>e frr those vlo Irrmple <.v\ra mind — 
A deathless thing !"--- 

Do not forget the N'.v Jeuey fkvt ! 
Qy-. A sweeping cxp^ure of the Gail; r.d Forgery 
.8 received ar.d w ill s>i ixu in cv- uc x'- 



qui— j-f aW l u a waJt HI 



i -HfYln.Mn 



oet'S' Corner. 



OUR DUTY. 

EY BENJAMIN F. JONES. 

Why sl:ould v e rest ing'oricusly 
. Wh n earth is fil ed wit strife, 
And Error shou s her bank' cry 
Up a the field of LifV 

The labour we were s< tit o do, 

Is steadfastly io s ak 
A knowledge of he R'ght and Tru 



With spirit strong, y« 



mctk. 



To tread, unmuirrn nr.g. the way 
The Sinless Cm La h ..rod, 

And thus draw n arer ev'rj day 
In likjeness unto G d.' 

The sha 't>wy Past has f;cm us flow n,* 
. Trie Futurk cometh 1 te, 
Thr- Present ■ nly is our o\v--, 
Nor wil' the Present wait. 



THIKK OF GUP. COUNTRY'S GLORY 



M. CHANDLER 



5farjt."K of our coun ry's glory, 
All dicitn'd- w ith Afric's tfars — 

II r broad flag sisi 'd and gor 
With the boarded guilt tif y< ars '. 

Think of the fi antic uol.fr, 
. Lamenting for her c ild, 
Till faiKiig lash s'srhothi r 
Her cries of anguish w ild ! 

Think of the prsyeiS asct nding, 

Yet shvitk'd, al&j ! in vain', 
When h< art fr'otn Lt an is Ti tidii g 

Nr*er ►o b joiu'd again. 

ibhall we b<hoid, U' heiding, 

Life's holies' fee irigs eiesfc'a ? — 

Whi D woman's heart is bl ( ding, 
fil ail w man's voice be 1 utl.V. ? 

,_Jr^> The American and Foreign An^ Slav-try Socici. 
r>av rr.ade preparation's to do e ^od w k lor hb-. i 
ffat eorniaiug yeifr 

The Rev. A. A. i-beips ot Boston i»* ngug. d as a 
£. >ht and Editor of jthe An. ; Slav -ry Repor.er. TI 
V porter is an exdejhft paper published monthly ; 
J \H Nassau s'reet N« Y. at > 0,59 a year tor a sing' 
» ipy. 5 cop!e» to one address for $ 10 copies 
; ,J0. and 50coplas fur > >J. subcriptions will L 
eceived at this oiiiee. 



f 



Temperance Record. 

THE C'ONSlirTE.NT NEGRO. 

The le. vcn is still at v. oik atnmu all classes cf j.< < 
le. In proof of this, permi me to record an oecui 
nee that took place not lui g since. A gentle ma, 
oopcr called upon his negro, who owns a fine iaim i: 
.lis neighborhood, and wished U> purchase some sa\ 
inber. Our "colored" friend inqulrt d for what pui 
ose he wanted it. He lec ived for antw r. "1 ha* 
i contract for so manv whisk y barrels." 

" Weil, Sir," was the prompt reply, u I have the tin 
er to sell and went the ;no ,ey,bul no man can purchas 
single stave or hoop pole, or a par tic e of grain i f iri 
or that purpose." 

Of course Mr. Cooper w as n -t a litt'e "up in th 
track" to meet such ster r pr«of— gol mad, ;.nd, c< n 
• mj tuously made up ir.ou hs at him, ai d < ailtd him t 
nigger." (£m rt.) 
u Tl.at is vi ry tn e," mildly rr pli. d "daikit ." It i 
■ny misfortune to be a n»gro; Vcan't ht-IprAat, but I car. 
h- Ip seizing my timber to make whiskey barrels, ant' 
I »i car; to dot'. 

Aint tint too goidto le bit? Tass it louud fr n 
pole t«i pole. "Do you hear that boys ?" Mr. Editor, 1 
have had no temptation to exaggerate; but h vc simph 
recorded the fac sa- given me from an un justionable 
•ource. 1 knew the co or^d man well. The Ethiopian 
shall rise up in the day of judgement : gainst st me ' > I 
■ he men of this generation, in r> fer< rce to this grea. 
mor I nd benevo'ent e'lterprise. — Ohio. Pemp. O/^an. 



lit the Ul.it li Jl 
oitHiiisrd of five < 
nmh tl.txn ja in 
;,' (I iln 1 (.i Iv tyk-i' 
1st- \Vhute > iii • i. 



;.l i in-lit e uf Oliio, 
tit s, tit ensis were 
t ut nt y%p seii liquor; 
•s i.lt iii.ti battery in 
ii he » oitnty which' 



oiiiihiti ii lolvgftliav i t-ji.oi dealing. Titit. f. 

Facts a e Sti imm . \ Things We see it 
• .ateil in thi-liisi M:iss;;i i.;i>i !t > Cataract 
aat in the viilageol 1'a.v. n niiiiibt ring 665 
tere have been in ot) ye-ars'thi.r - -« ne rum- 
ellers. Si.ifnn I'.av*- filler! it business — 
jg'.d have died iie»v l\eiit. of whom seven- 
aere driiiikards— ot t die-i deleriun; tre- 
nens — one a phujier in Veiniont. 'Two' 
lied in Ohio, one in I tiea. .\. Y., two in 
Grafton, and ihne in I'axtni. One was 
>ent to the house of eonectinn for three 
years, one is n v\ -,\ pauper in the town- - 
-is. ran i ff, ;>nd a majority of those now liv- 
ii"; are not worth a shil ing" Ex P. 

The >!ass. Oi w i rop says that the Di- 
rectory of the Fall iiiver Hail road have 
tlettided by a vote lli.it no ardent spirit* 
shali be iransj ericd over th -ir vo\id hx. /*. 



ANTI-SLAVERY TRACTS. Tke .following " 
tracts ai'eon baud and iVr sale at iKis otiice. by «r.e 
crty Ass-jciation. 

Condition of Liv ; ng. 

The cause of Hard times. 

In uence of Slave pov er 

One more appeal to ( hris.i&ns &. Churches. 

Bible Polhics. 

Jewish Servitude.. 

Smith & Clarkson. 

fersons he/d to service. 

Loyal National Repeal Association. 

Duties and L»ignitii> of American Fret mi n. 

Ill Treatment of People <>t ei.lor in the U. I 

Testimony ofa Southern Wi n- as ('. M. C'lu_ 

The law!e>stiess of slavery. 

Poems on S/avery by Lorigfellow. 

The Missouri Compromise. 

Smiths Constitutional Argument. 

Two cents Postage 
A<Wpi*i i n tb». P(4sple ofKonhicky hv 0. M. Chv. 



TemperCT.ee in Prusticn Selesia., Temperance Soci- 
eties havr no w l.t le jitc't ltd more fateiable efects 
tl an in ij } * r Sehsi-. Fiim a rfpert julrliihid b 
^he authorities of this province, under the older of t e 
King, aiid posted up about th.e cit> , it appears lhal du- 
i ing the last year, eighteen distilleries l ave been con 
verkd into csu.bli*-! mtiUft for seme other -branch > f la- 
bor, and an hundred i nd eight oth ts have been eft un- 
mploy<d. That iii the quantity of biaudy made during 
(he same t me there 1 as i k n a d»ci«a.'e d more tl an 
! 3,050,OOC qiiHrts, ficm tl at made in'tl e jcar jrtct 
'mg; aid ,1 at ccnsiquentU lie duties on spirituouf 
inuors 1 ave bit n if sufct Cf( \<U \laUii>. Tl at tki 
ower classes of the people 1 ave been much n;ore eon 
•ant at church tl an before; that the app!i< a» : oii to labor 
' as 'been gr< a'f r, demffetinHife more tian^uil, and very 
' w- di-turi ances in the j iblic stre I av takt n place 
Tl es" facts hi-ve bi r:i made ki Ow n to all the h-tri" 1 it>n 
1 d proprietors of Se'e>ia b\ circulars addressed to th. 
i : rectors of (listric's. Cor. tj tt.t Joi rr cl ('a Ecl< ts. 

lylect if the firm tuffj (,n ti'it e.i 
rug din it. — !n i'eterboro, [Vladis«n county 
9 pt r.M.fis Jut \ * bit-en !i< tn.'td tostft iat x 
.-aling drink.'-. Five a bandci ed ti e bui- 
iiess Vtahoul any «.»in to (iieisiswves bn 

iving oceasione^ great !'»..:. to ilietr iiidn - 
:iotis rei^hbors. 'Iwiniy \v: ie stdi lit 
n£ when /lie account \vas taken nil <lratil- 
t d> and pt)or, a nd inosl of i hem a cbai-ffi 
villi their lafnilies upon ti e tiwii. t#An. 
ad died liiiii.kau'.s, and j t t,r. 

Timely Heiike — A stage driver w;u 
hffervtd to take a glass of brandy at even 
ivern he stopped at. '-|)o giVe youthorst*! 

little of your br ndy," said a pasengt'i 

hey do all the work, anil ii brandy is n 
■sary to keep up iheir strength ihey ni 
ntltledto it." The driver hemmed am 
aueda little, looked hard at. the passer 

nger, mounted hiftbox, but said nothing 
lix. Pr. 



A fa; mrr who all along supj ostC ! r v a.°. a citizen of- 
C n;id , but wh • was tuned over m Vermont by the 
lat' liming of .be boundaiy, lin • ri( Crartfd h : msc!f high 
Ip satisfied wi.K lh ! n! aij.\ b ".-aus" Canada was al- 
wavsa «■"/;■' ■ p'n^; ^ . r>'~ T. 



V » -' V # 

A.NTI 'SLAVERY BOOK wSTORE. 

Myron Fiush and Tl omas A. W d lave opened an 
ofltcw^ for the sale of An i Slav r\ Books, Pamphlets 
Tracts &c. at lift Nassau S'r -\, N--w York, Let them 
be well patronized. 



• MODERN PROThk/l A./i CHURCH COURTS 
UNMASKED, is th.? titk of a K .ok" 'by the Rev. 
George Bourne, expos -ng sum of h in.quijous pro- 
;eetfiagi of Eccl siasifea b<<di. s ih the ProtesUat 

church. It shou'd be r ad by %vt-ty body. 
Tor sale a: this oiuce, pri:e 3! c. nts. 

CONGREG ATtO.N ALIsM A I < HURCH AC- 



TION Is a Sftiall I pt.k t ilii 
Pastor of a Congregsitfonfil C't 
St» read ly u vtv body. A f- 
freeman Office, Boon'. on. N 



JOHN KEEP 
Ohio. It should 
r>v 'it the 



ANTJ SLAVERY R JjX..^ For sale at the Office of 

he Freeman, Boon .i n, N. J ' 



LIBER T YJMJjYS TREL< 

\ le ■ <•■ pi '3 • f Cl rk - l.ioe i M t-strd art fur 
i e a! bi < fli 
T"is is sup li-irt n y 'hiujr ( he hind we hive 
• en ti nd i-h mkI b- in t e o-» n • < f every ore (hat 
.ves eoi'd I list--. » ltd 'eves t »!;•; a good use of it. 
P ice. 44 Cents; 



liutnlnn Has'i'mgif'/ii i wfiijuntfi Uoicv- 
leiil Sbdfffy. — luecis evei v Monday eve- 
ing in") lie Fri-e l lmreti L> .C. iSorris, 
'i csio'ciit., Marcus \\\ ai t > •Secretary. 

Biftnluu Libit'/ ij Assw itttion, — meets th€ 
irst I-'iiday evening ol'i \ cry month." 
A. Livarts, Pi esidwii, C li. Norris, t9in\ 



> OIL. 2. 

THE FREEMAN 

0"» f.^W^' ljflLL BE PUBLISHER MONTHLY BY 

JOHN GRIMES, Editor and Proprietor. 
Boonton, Morris County, New Jersey. 

T p M S. 
Single copy 25. cents per annum, orfor 12. numbers 
10. copies to one address for two dollars. 
All communications must be post paid. 

From the Emancipator 

\<m«\ 'ki oTHE GARLAND FORGERY 

We liavc h;ul the documents in our hands sver- 
hl w eeks, but w ithout feeling fully -at liberty to^use 
•Jho.m as our own inclinations dictated. Being freed 
from doubt on this seotp, we hasten to lay them bet re 
the public. They show beyond all question, whowore 
the guilty agents in the celebrated "Garland Letter'' — 
Mb forged letter from James G- Birtiey to James B. 
Ga'land, by which the Whig leaders in Michigan, In- 
diana, Ohio, New York, Maine and Qihei States sought' 
to blast the character of one of the most upright men liv- 
ing, because they thought he stood in the way- of their 
eWating their idolize d slaveholder and duellist to the 
highest office of the natioa. 

*L Ad the eireumshuici s may not be all fr.esh in the 
minds of all oqr readers, we w ill premise, that shortly 
r befor the presidential election in. 1844, the leading 
"Whg papers throughout the North were simultaniou.-dy 
famished with a slip, purporting to be an extra of the 
"G en see Democrat, "-a Whig paper in the State of 
Michigan, and to contain a letter from Mr. Birney, the 
Libeity candidate for the presidency, to J. B. Garland 
declaring his. RirJO.ey.'s adhesion to the.Democraticparty 
-j-with an affidavit by Mr. Garjand, befoie**i magistrate, 
of the ^enuin.Mio.ss of the l-.dl.er — all forged. So import 
tan' was diis deemed to be, that the State Committee in 
Indiana hastily issued it in an extra, judiciousy- timed 
\jp as to reach every part of the. State about three dasy 
lefoie the election; the Portian Advertiser did the same 
mi. G id dings, hi the Western Reserve* Mr. V> er. 
In Massachusetts, and other orators, pledged (".i-ru - 'iw-- 
f i its genuim-m-ss, kr. Uc. A Jew whig papers <>eem to 
nave been mysteriously cautioned nat to commit them- 
selves to it, but tin? party made free a r d full use of it, to 
[the, utmost, to draw off Liberty voters from their fuh>'i- 
(ty^and induce them to vote for Mr. Clay. ... 
[ Jilr. Birncy was at this juncture o\\ his way to his 
home fti saginaw, in tho remote partof Michigan, return- 
ing from i journey to N. England for- twq.of his children. 

JBeingumex-ppctedly detained three or four days at 
Jiuffaloj tat- a violent snowstorm, he met the forced 1-t- 
ierat Cleveland, on the day of the Ohio election, which 
0th 'revise he would not have seen until after all elections 
fcere over; and was thus enabled to expose it in season 
for the lections in. New England. But for a very long 
time it seemed as though the guilty authors of the for- 
j^iy had'eovered their crime from human detection. 
w» Ath:ngth,however, the eye of justice has pierced the 
darkness, and the immediate agents have been discov- 
ered, and their guilt fully proved, by the following affi- 
davits, to which we now call our readers' attention : 

. "Tie !'•> buying statements are made at the request of 
pharles 11 Stewart, of Detroit, on behalf of James G. 
Jirney. (w \ 

statement of mr. sherwood, of 

'pontiac., 

In October lH .44, 1 w;v> 1- idol aWl publisher of "The. 
Geanessre County Democr-at," which advocated the 
Erection of Henry clay. During said month a gentleman 

ifie whig party, residing in Pontiac, informed me tiia. 



BOOWTOJi", APM3L,;V:, \$ y ±6. 




a measure was on foot >\ L:c,b. would, $geiire thc.t* lection 
of Mr Clay and I wouM probably bfj,app'ied to on th< 
subject, and if so I was neither to affirm B#r deny tht 
matter Vrjquitea apbut, He did net acqain.t me wj.ti 
imyofthe partjculatg, nor bed I any suspicions . o 
what they we're. Soon afterward, vt ithin a few days 
-i letter was received hv the Whig Central Commiite. . 
stating thai a certain <1 cum ut purporting to be "jJk- 
Genesee Cotinty Democrat Exira" was in.chr uhitice. 

rlhtsfnin'g an alb dgedjletter bom James G. Birncy ... 
J/ R; GVlnnd, an aftfefayit from tU latter^ with otb^ 
••ociimpn *. arid Mr, Howard enqm'red whether the said 
Docrimerit was genine. The c> rnmtftee showed n. 
'.he. letter. -* I immediately' kheV t!iaf mr .document wa ; - 
that about whose forthcoming I htfcFweh w'ainod,as al- 
ready staffed. Tfife Committee infeffped ;i1r. Howard 
by the'next post, that it was a gross forgery, and a. 
their request added my' affidavit, subSfan'ially the satm 
bI nn ■■■ I subsequ' ntly niade. This letter was received 
at least ^ n da; s before the November electron, T first 
st^hht'^mm^ l^if Fr# Press of 1st No 

'oT^rv'.' ' On the' 4th 



vernbi r, puldisb.^d rif 

being election day, I published an l-^x'tra Democrat con- 
ntainmg an expdstire » f the forgery,' nercto annexed, 
and continued in the regu'ar paper ofsKe Nth. Although 
I did not then know the authorship iff the • forg'-ry, i 
suspected in Pontiac among the Whig leaders. My 
drst positive information was from Ifbthl A. Stim.son 
and Josej^h Becbe, then comro?'^!^ ft the "Oakland 
Gazette office", of Font inc. They late'y informed 
me it was, printed in the < ffiice of that paper, by the 
Editor Mr. Tompsoa. 

"I also have in my possession »rie of the original for-^ 
geries; it is the -ty p< ami paper itwUl'.'.hv lite Oa!(^, 



c bn 4 Jf we knew what they were doing in the office th e 
vening before. The question irdo';ed us to make a 
lose search in the office, and we there found the form 

It was not distributed, but w as tied round with a cord, 
nd enclosed in some paper, and was hid isway rifld r 
:•• -ni" hooks and papers. It was the form which ] it] 
struck off the article in question. We read enough of 
, Co knowbsotm'ents'nnd recognize it; and more" par- 
a:;!i-:v, because someitype fell out,. and we had-t'o 
,earch for their places' to restore them. The. article 
v.- cam». .public shortly auonvards anrt we at once r<- 

Pontuic, Oct. 25, 1845.. ,,,. r 



N.. A. STJ> f SON. 
JOSJIEPH BEEBE. 



■(Signed) 

Statf. cr-MrentGAN, } 

Oakland County, S«. $ ' ' * 

Win. -B.. Sherwood, N. A. Stimson, and Jliqseph 
Beebe, 'being duly s« or ; n, io depose, and say«tfiat the 
facts set forth in their several statements iu the above 
made are flue to the best of their knowledge and belief. 

Sworn before me on this 29th dgy of October, A. D. 
IS45. '"' 

(Signed) WM." J. HENDERSON, 
Justice of the Peace. 
The most material facts here stated are these: 



1. That some time .prior to the appearance of the 
Garland Forgery, the editor of the paper who-, name 
was surreptitiously used, Mr. Sherwood, u a.- n-.u::. ti- 
ed fo'answer cva?uvely in case he should be er.i:-: <-. d ot 
bout an irnpor'.au disclosure that was to take pla-'.e. 

We have information from another. quarter :ha' the 
name of the individual who ga,v.o him the cau't >• v i j-ii- 
*md Gazette, and the .type and form stiil used; facts? df f rom personal consid. rations honorable to Mr. S , 

but that he is one -very high among the Whig manag'-rs 
If nooessary his name wi4 be disc losed. 

That Mr. Sherwood, to his honor, refus '. t- • 



which I -speak w ith confidence from ny familiarity 
with the subject. The Pontine Jaeksonian of the 1 Oth 
September last, distinctly charged that the forgery was 
"prit lid by Whliain M. Tompson, Oakland Gatf tie 
Ohice, Pontiac, Miohigan," And it was so pnnted be- 
yond all question. 

(Signed) : WM. B* SHERWOOD. 

STATEMENT OF. NATHAN1EL-A. STIMSON 
AND JOSEPH BEEBS. 

" In Octoher 1844, we were compositors in (h^ of- 



2. 

meke himself a too! hf the comspirators, but immedie- ■ •> 
answered that the -Garland Lett'-'-r was a gross f« g y, 
communicated the fact to the Hon. Jacob M. Row; am 
of D troit, Chairman of the Whig State Corjnniittee^ ut 
ledat ten days before the. election in MWlngPU/JPsOV. 4 

3. That the "Geiv see County Democrat Kxti.v' 
was printed at the office of the Pontiac Gante, a Whig 



lice offhe Oakland 'Gazette. Tuwards (lie end of stid | paper, by W. Tompson, the publisher of that paper, nd 
month, the jprWis? time not going now recol!ected ? Mr. j-j. H. Duncklee, in the night time, the^egu .ar eon: 
William M. Tompson, editor and pid-ivher of the pa 
per"; told us tqyn to his he-is that night to Lodge. 



We had a bed in the office, and had a'wr 



v. s previous. 



lv slept there. This unusual direction 
surprise alio ctiwosny. We left trie office 
but returned to discover if posible, what was going on. 
The office is on the giound flour, and wc-re ena- 
bled to look over the 'top a curtain which hung ai;.eh- 
st the window, and -re •!>'- ; re'-" ; er of e riffiee. W 
perteivd some printing was doing, and that in the offic e 
were M. Tompson, the editor, togeih »r wijh H. H 
Dnnklccj M'.'ses Wisr.er and Claries Draper, of .Pom 
iac, and all Whigs. The first two were setting type 
the latter two ; Wcre sitting down. The following morn- 
ing we examined the press, to discover w hat had been 
printed. The Tyrppau," Shye.t had been removed, bt< . 
i*n the Tympnn itse lf there remained the impress of the 
work done plainly discernible. The tvmpan islhoeu-e 
on which rests trie paper to b f * print' d. In this Co 
the article "was that which was .^ubs -quently so w e! 
knbwn as "The Garland forgery." 

We have seen, and there new is, in the .lacksoniai 
Office one ofthe original forgeries. It is the same 
as the article we saw on the y < 



lpan/rind was struck <j' 



i)y the same form that nrtdeWe ith] i ■ ; oi, thereon 
Duiiii<- the same day we were asked by Mr Thomp- 



pipsitSrsbpihg sent-out of the oITcp, and Moses Wisr, r 
and Charles Draper being presen. The Whig candidate 
for Congress in that Dw! i ret was George W. Wisner ; 
jxcJted our | W( . know not whether Moses Wisner is his brother or 
as desired. no t. 

4. Mr. Howard, in one of his puhlicMii ns reft rs to 
! fitters that l»e wrot'e to his easteru friends, cau.tirr.'ng 
them about the Garlai-id letter. We have rep :i <- ". : y 

d 'ondly called for the predwetion of one of t'-»-s, b '.- 
ters, but not one has been produced. We \ :, 
comi'are them with 1 he fact that Mr. Howard was ex- 
pressly informed by Mr. Sherwood that it was a '-'gross 
forgery," at least ten days before the .-lection — thai ii , 
us only as the- 24th of October. .We Print to see the 
dates of Mr, Howard's letters, and see wheiher he i x- 
plicitly declared H to he forger} - . The editors of the 
Boston Al as, New York Tribune, and Portland A' : '. < r- 
):*->•, probably haVo such let U is. Let us havi a lock 
■d them. 

5. One of the editors of the Detroit Advtjuiser was 
a nu mber of tin- Slate Onti-ai Commulee. In bis pa- 
of November 1, 1844, a week after th y had rec-ived 
Mi. Sherwood's letter, denouncing the afiair as a "gross 
forgery," he has the follow ing editorial cci.c« tning tin's 
forged letter.: 

"Mu. Bjunkvs L;. ; u:e.. — As to .tlie genuiac-ness 'of 



the alleged copy of Mr. Birney'e {ettor to Mr. J. B 
Garjand, to which the Fvee Press of last evening de- 
votes a column and a half, we kqow nothing, and can 
say nothing. 

It is certain that gome such Icttor was written ; but we 
wait for further developments. The Free Press may 
find its curses, another Roorback, tried on some Loco- 
foeo. We should n't wonder." 

"We know nothing" — saysthie editor, with Sher- 
wood's affidavit before him a whole week, declaring it 
a "gross forgery." These are the arts with which men 
of standing sought to secure the election of 
"Clay and Frclinghuyscn." 

"Some such letter was written." No such le'tef 
waa wiittcn ; and this direct and palpable falsehood has 
never bfi-ri retracted or apologized for. 

6. It is of great importance, we* believe, that these 
affidavits should ho widely circulated, and the facts here 
reiterated before the people, until they will understand 
it, and see who are the guilty ones. It is of great im- 
portance to c.irctilatejjthe facts, and let the people pro- 
nounce their acntegce. We have no doubt the Liberty 
party papers will do all that is in their power for this 
purpose. Will the Whig papers have the honor and. 
honesty to publish the truth in this case ? We shall 
B*e. 

7. Watch against the efforts which the"guilty party 
Cttjr make, first to make light of atrocious crime against 
the people's'liberty, and thenjpervert the truth, or buy 
Hp the witnesses." 

8. Sherwood woa cautioned before-hand what to 
answer when inquired of. Howard writes at once to 
the Genesee Committee to makefthe predetermined in- 
quiries. Sherwood refures to make the answer expect- 
ed. Still, Howard and the Advertiser treat him as if 
they had received the evasive answer from Sherwood. 
No one supposes that Thompson conceived the plot, or 
wrote the letter. Where did it originate ? We hope 
this question may yet be answered. 



From, the Liberty Standard. 

We >::mnot fill a column more usefully than with the 
following extracts. Very few names in England or Amer- 
ica are more belnvedjjby christians than those of James 
Had! Barnes. WilLnot their truthful testimony be re- 
garded? If thu language of others is surrounded with 
odium so that chmtiuw cannot embrace the truth it 
contains, will not these men be heard? 

Fro^n the Advocate of Peace. 
THE JDUTXES AND DERELICTIONS OF THE 
CHURCH. 



By Rev.|Iohn Angel Jatnea, England. 

»Var is one of humanity's direst curses; one of the 
most horrid demons that ever escaped from hell to des- 
olate the earth; and yet there is a fascination and a spell 
in it, which all its blood, and groans, and unutterable 
iniseiyjjare ao^yet strong enough to break. The mil- 
itary passion which one wou'd imagine to be the first 
^ha*. Christianity would subdue, will be found to be a 
rnoB? the last to yield-to its power; and the glory ?>i 
firms, as it is so called, will be, perhaps, the latest to h 
eclipsed and lost amid the mild radience of the Sun o 
righteousness. But, assuredly, even this shall be ac- 
complished, if there be any truth in revelation, oran\ 
powerlin Qod. How is it that the pacific principlei 
of the rtfew Testament make way so slowly in the 
world? Just because they make so little way in tht 
z,\urck. The church of Christ does not seem. tftk;UOw hei 
vocation, r;s a mirror to reflect truth upon the world, 
ijiqt sho has committed (mother mistake; and that is, in 
not rightly appreciating what the truth is. She has 
.">u fined her attention too exoluslv ( dy to creeds and for 
uiularies of doctrines, and has held up to the world -only 
p portion of truth. Things that ought to be done are 
truths, as well as those that ought to be believeed. 



Lovt} Js » great, glorious and fundamental truth, for Got! 
the first truth is love, The church ought to shine forth 
in the. lustre of all practical truth; She as little knows 
herpoicer as she does her vocation. She underrates 
her iufluence, forgetting that she is the habitation, the 
body, the organ of the living God. The Lord her Cod 
in the midst of her is mighty. And then it must be con- 
fessed and lamented, that what right principles, either 
theoretical or pradical, she does hold and exhibit, lose 
their efficience & influence for want of vigor and consis- 
tency in her own spiritual state and conduct. Her voice 
isnot heard, her counsels are not followed, her example 
is not imitated, her power is not felt, for want of more 
that is divine and heavenly about her. She is too like 
the world to lead her. She does not appear as tht; 
tabernacle of the Lord. Let the church be what she 
ought to be, what she might be, and what she one day 
will be, and she would command the attention, secure 
the reverence, and obtain the submission of the. world 
on all points of truth and morals. Slavery and wars, 
at their bidding, wonld come out of the bodies they have 
possessed, troubled and tormented, just as the demons 
did, which at the voice of Christ, left the men who 
dwelt among the tombs, and entering into the swine, 
left their former victims in liberty and peace. Men do 
not see the sin of .slavery and war, however clearly they 
perceive and willingly acknowledge their evils. And 
why do thev not see it? Because their spiritual vision 
is weakened bv the feebleness of their piety. The sense 
of the spiritual eye is in the heart; and if that be dull & 
obtuse, moral truth is not, and cannot be clearlv dis- 
cerned. 

"The animal man discerneth not the things of the spir- 
it of God, neither can he know them, because they are 
spiritually discerned;" and this effect must be felt just 
in proportion as the animal nature gains power even in 
those who are renewed. Our great aim therefore, must 
be to bring up tone and vigor of practical godliness in 
churoh; to prepare her clearly to see the sin of war 
Hnd slavery, and, at the same time, to give tenderness 
to the conscience, and resoluteness to the will, for the 
destruction of these enormous crimes. 

And who ought to be foremost in the church, but its 
pastors? If the church is the light of the world, they 
are the light of the church. Instead of sinking to the 
level of the people, they should draw up the people to 
their own; instead of a timid, shrinking, time-serving 
spirit, and acting upon the law of expediency, let them 
in the spirit of martyrdom — and what else, or less, is the 
spirit of the gospel? proclaim from the pulpit, and, if 
need be from the prison and the stake, the sin of what- 
ever qpposeth itself tq the kingdom of God. When 
the church is what it ought to be, the world will be 
converted; and the church will be what it should be 
when its ministers are. A better chureh^vill make a 
better world, and a better ministry wil| make a better 
church" Let this be sounded forth through all lands. 
Birmingham, Nov. 14th, 1845. 



Rev. A. flaws on Slavery , 
Th following remarks occur in the thanksgiving ser- 
mon of Rev M.\ fiarnjes of Philadelphia.. He had. been 
-peaking 6fW»n, Penn and the Quakers; 

"Now hero, \ am persuaded, ia a w ise mode) for all 
other denominations of christian men, and the true idea 
>fall successful efforts for the removal of this great evil 
torn the land" Let s%\\ evangelical denominations but 
follow the simple example of the Quakers in this coun- 
ty, and slavery would soon come to an. end. Then 
•s not vital energy enough; there is not power of nuni 
hers and influence enough out of the church to sustain 
it. J\eX «cwy religious denomination in the land detach 
tself from connection with slavery, without saying ;i 
word against others; let the time come when in all the 
mighty denominations of christians, it can ht» announced 
that the evil hat ceased with tkem forkwk; and let thr 
voice from each denomination be lifted up in kind, bu. 
firm and solemn testimony against the system — w ith n< 
'mealy word$; with no atteSapt at apology; with no 
wish to blink it; with pp effort to throw the sacred shield 
>f religion over so great an evil, and the work is done 
There is no public retime nt in this land — there could bs 



none created, that would reaist the power of such ates«, 
timony: there Is no power out of the church that could 
sustain jjlRvevy an hour, if it were not sustained in it. 
Not a blow ne< d be struck. Not an unkind word ut- 
tered. IN o man's motive need be impugned. No man's 
proper rights invadtd. All that is needful is, for each 
christian man, and for each christian people, to stand 
up in the sacred majesty of such a solemn testimony; to 
free themselves from all connection with the evil, and 
utter a calm and deliberate voice to the world, and the 
work will be done." 

Por the New Jersey Freeman. 

POSITION OF THE LIBERTY 
PARTY, 

Mr. Editor; 

Will you permit us, who have long been 
engaged in the Antislavery cause, to present to your 
readers, very briefley, a few considerations on the pres* 
ent condition and future prospects, of the Liberty Party? 
The positions we shall advanoe will be of material im- 
portance, and are therefore deserving of a careful and 
candid examination. We trust, then, that no one of 
yeur readears will hastily commit himself against them, 
but follow the apostolic injunction-^"pruve ail things, 
and hold fast that which is good." 

Lest we make this communication too long, we will 
present what we havo to say in the shape of simple 
propositions. 

J. Slavery will be abolished before the present moral 
and political movement against it shall cease. 

IL It will be abolished by some national political 
party, that shall have the power and inclination to do it. 

III. The Democratic party will not abolish it; it has 
the power, but not the inclination. On the contrary, it 
has laboured, and will continue to labor for its aggran- 
disement and surpreamacy. 

' IV. The- Whig party, as now organized, will not a- 
bolish Slavery: for it has not the power nor the will to 
do it. It never has taken any ground, as a party, a* 
gainst Slavery: prominent Slaveholders are its haders: 
it musters three or four hundred thousand voters in the 
Slave States, of whom a hundred thousand, probably, 
are personally Slaveholders. While these are members 
of the party, it cannot become an av(nl#very party; and 
should these be withdrawn from fits ranks, the result 
would be radical disruption of the party, and its final 
extinction, or its reorganization on another basis. 

V. The Liberty party have the vWto abolish Slava^ 
ry, butthay have not the power. Can they attain the 
requisite power to abolish it by their own legislation? 
We answer' that thi'y cannot, while they refuse to toko 
ground or any subject except the abolition of Slavery — 
The reasons, fur holieving this are these: 

1 . If there be three national parties, the Liberty party 
must have a-willion of votes; if there be but two, it 
must have a million and a half of vetes to abolish Sla- 
very, This gre;U number cannot be obtained by ap- 
pealing to the antislavery principle only. No politi- 
cal partyovor attained such numbers by advocating one 
principle, and refusing all expressions of opinion on oth- 
< r subjects. 

2. Thoao who aet with the Liberty party must for- 
sake »H connection with the determination of all other 
political quostious until Slavery shall be abolished, even 
if that be accomplished in six, twelve, or twenty yeajri 
This will net be done by one-third or one-half the vo- 
ters of the United States. 

3. The appeals to the antislavery principle thus far 
have not secured the votes of the massct in any pajft of 

he country. In 500 counties in the FTee State*, the 
Liberty party, in six years, have not carried a sigle one, 
but their votes have been almost entirely from the class 
of Philanthropists and of Religious men. 

4. The past success of the party doesnot warrant the 
xpectation that it can become a permanent, na.tioual k 

triumphant party; on its preaeout basi*. The vote last 
o ar, after six years existence, was about ?0,AOft. To 
iholish Slavery, ffteot, or twenty t\at »w»ia*r aff 

tndesp*$rib,k. 

VI. The Liberty party attain the requaftr power 
o abolish Slavery, by taking such ground as wilt bring 
to its standard sufficient nmnhev*. This ran be. done 



by taking right ground on all political questions; by 
making it a party of progress; of national reform; of 
justice, economy and peace; just such a party as our coun 
try needs — such an one as every Patriot and Christian 
can sustain, and ask the God of Heaven to bless. To 
make it such, it should, take such ground on everysub- 
ject as will beat promote Hie goodof the whole country. — 
This should be done without reference w hatever to old 
party distinctions. With out presuming on any superi- 
or wisdom, we will «tate what we conceive that ground 
should be, on some of the most important topics that 
present themselves s 

1. The Abolition of Slavery, — by constitutional 
means should continue to be the paramount object of the 
party. 

2. Equal Political and Civil Rights, — should 
be secured to every citizen without reference to nativi- 
ty, color or descent. This principle would do away with 
all monopolies and special privileges, granted to corpor- 
ations or individuals, and also with all unequal taxa- 
tion. 

3. A thorough Reform ov the Judici ary System- 
-«-both State and National, so that the Laws shall be 
made more intelligible, decisions more conformed to 
justice, judgement more speedily rendered, the num- 
ber o i technicalities dmoished 5 and the cost of admins- 
tering justice greatly reduced. 

4. Tii£ Election of all National and State Of- 
ficers, — so far as the nature of the circumstancee will 
permit. Especially should this reform be applied to 
Postmasters, who should be elected by the citizens of 
the town or city in which they are located. 

5. The Reduction of Salaries — of all pesons in 
public employ to ns low a rate as will secure incumbents 
of the requisite qualifications and abilites. 

6. Tin: Gradual Reduction of the Army and Na- 
vt — with a view to their ultimate abolition as soon as 
the circumstances. of the country, and ofonther nations, 
shall render it advisable. Every President recommends 
an increase of the preperations for War, and they now 
swallow up two-thirds of the National Revenue. Du- 
ring the fifty-six years that our Government has been 
in operation, there has been War with civilized nations 
only threi< years. Yet according to a recent report of 
the Secretary of the Treasury, Congress has appropri- 
a*ed during that period — 

For Military Service, $286,998,357 
For Naval do 178,933,121 



VII. If they refuse to do this, they will be a men 
Temporary party, shortlived in existence, few in num- 
bers and accomplishing no other good than