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i^M^lrynr-^ -aU^^^^--~^ £. >^>^>«^t.4^JL_--/t^.^^^2^ 









The several Pans of Speecli — Th(» senders of ilie French Nouns— The accenfs of the English Words 

for the use of Forei^'uers— An Al[ihabt^iical l,ist of the most usu.'il Cliristian and Proper 

iNanies ; and of Uie most remarkable places in the known World. 



With the Addition of the vew fVurds, inserted in Mnitanlirs and J,e Clere's last Edition of the 
National French Dictionary; llie Irreiiulnntirs nf the English Verbs and Noune; 
and a comprehensive View of the Provuncialion and Syntax of tlie « 
French Language. 


Stereotyped by J. Harding. 

-^.0[^ - 


The rapid and increasing sale of this Dictionary leaving no doubt of its 
utility, neither trouble nor expense have been spared in this edition to de- 
serve a continuance of the public esteem. Sensible of such decided pre- 
ference, two different editors in Paris determined to profit by it. One of 
them, in an edition sold by Mr. Santin, copied literally this work, boldly 
assuming the name of the present editor. This was an injury, but not a 
direct insult. The other, in an edition for Mr. Theophilus Barrois, threat- 
ens with a prosecution any person who shall presume to pirate his manuscript. 
Manuscripty indeed ! whoever will be at the trouble to compare the two edi- 
tions, will find that editor to have been a minute copier of this present Dic- 

As to his asseveration of being the first who inserted the several irregu- 
larities in the Enghsh verbs and nouns — nothing, to use the softest expres- 
sion, was ever more groundless. He took them, word for word, from this 
work, in which they were inserted by the present editor more than twenty 
years ago, with the following paragraph in the preface: — *' This edition con- 
tains all the irregularities in the English language — a convenience which is 
not to be found in any other French and English Dictionary .'^--v 

Another paragraph was this: — *' Ladies at the head of sclfeols, and pri- 
vate governesses, will find their laudable wish fully satisfied, as the most scru- 
pulous care has been taken to expunge all improper expressions." It must, 
however, be granted, that the copier followed here his own plan, and re- 
placed with the strictest attention, all the rude and offensive words which 
the present editor had left, and continues to leave out. 

As to some articles which that editor added, they chiefly consist of obso- 
lete and uncouth expressions, which will for ever remain undisturbed, or 
of words minutely technical, which the present editor always avoided to 
insert, because a literary Dictionary can never be made an Encyclopsedia: 
otherwise, why not have added the whole series of words belonging to che- 
mistry, botany, painting, &c. &c.? All the chief words, either naval or mi- 
litary', with those of the several arts and sciences, used in general reading 
and conversation, are, and always were, in our Dictionary, according to the 
excellent plan of the French Academy and of Dr. Samuel Johnson. 

We hope that this moderate defence against an injurious encroachment 
will not be deemed improper here; and we finish with observing, that this 
edition continues to have the convenience of a clear and comprehensive 
view of the pronunciation, accidence, and syntax of the French language, with 
a pailicular Section on grammar in general. 



I. "When polysyllables are spelt alike 
in both lang\iag-es, or are only altered 
at the last, or two last syllables, they 
will be found in tlie following manner: 
Abbrevia/Zon, f. — tion. AbominaZ//£- 
nicnl, ad. — bly. 

II. When several words of the same 
part of speech follow one another, 
the mark of the part of speech is only 
put after the first word, and answers 
to all the others. The same method 
has bvien foUjpfd with regard to the 
gender of tde Jt rench words. 

III. When a letter, or a syllable, 
such as e, re, ease, Sec. follows a French 
adjective, it is to show its feminine. 
As the adjectives ending in e, with- 
out accent, are always of both genders 
in French, they have no special mark 
in this Dictionary. Those that are 
quite irregular, are printed without 

IV. When you meet with a line 
thus: — , tliat begins a new article, it 
means the repetition of the preceding 
word, which generally has another sig- 

V. AVhen there is but one meaning 
to an adverb, if there be near it an 
adjective of the same root, and with 
different significations, the adverb 
generally has them all. — Thus tendre- 
menf, ad. has all the meaning of ten- 
dre, a. This observation, which serves 
for several hundred adverbs and often 
for substantives, will he. of great ser- 
vice to young translators. 

\T. The frequent asterisks in the 
first part, show the following words 
to be Irregular; and such iiTCgularities 
are explained in the second part, iii 
looking for those words in their alpha- 
betical order. 





We divide this Introduction into four Sections. The first exemplifies the principles of the 
French Pronunciation ; tiie second treats of Grammar in general ; the tliird presents a compre- 
liensive view of tiie several Parts of Speech in tiie FrencJi and Englisli languages ; the fourth 
contains the fundamental Rules of tli^ Frencli t-ynta.x. 


Of the French Provviiciaiion. 

The French aiphaliet consists of 25 letters, in 
the order of this Dictionary: a, 6, c, </, e, /, g, 
A, i, j, k, I, ?rt, 7?, o, p, q, r, s, t. «, v, x, y, z. 
They are divided, as in English, into vowds 
and consonants. 

;Some particular marks, called Accents, are 
essential to the orthography of the French 
words, and aflect their sounds. 

The acute accent (') is put upon e, and gives 
to it a slender and acute sound, nearly as a in 
ale, pale. Ex. He, bonte, gcncrosite. 

The grave accent ( ") is put chiefly upon e, a nd 

gives to it an open and grave sound, nearly as a 
in play, day. Ex. frcre, crime, chevre. 

'J he circumflex accer.t ( ) is put upon any 
vowel, and gives to it a brMAsound, just as the 
sound which distinguishes Wpfctoin hat, shaicl 
from shall. Ex. du pldtrc, vo'UMftes, les v'ttres, 
jc bru le. 

The apostrophe indicates the elision of a vow- 
el : as rdme for la dine ; I'arbre for le arbyf. 

The cedilla gives to the c the sound of #, be- 
fore a, o, u. Ex. il lanca, via l^on, novs re- 


Observe first. That the French letters s and z, 
when added to the substantives and adjectives 
to mark the plural number, serve likewise, m 
general, to Icngtlien the sj liable which precedes 
them. Ex. uu solddt, dcs soldats ; un effet, des 

Secondly, a vowel with a circumflex, is al 
ways broad; as, vous ctes drole; but vowels 
Open A ; sounded like o in shall 
Broad A ; sounded like a in shawl 
Slender E ; sounded like a in ale 

and so sound er, ez, and i 
in the final syllables > 
of verbs. ) 

Open E ; nearly like ay in may 

er ; ( : 

ez ; ^ I 

ai ; ( ( 

are often pronounced broad, although without 
a circumflex, as will appear in the following ta- 

The vowels a, e, i, o, u, produce, by their 
combination witli other letters, many other sint- 
ple sounds, which we treat as vowels in the 
following order. 

Bague, cave, mascarade 
Platre, blame, rare 
Th6, caf6, felicit6 
Parler, danser, Jouer 
Vous parlez, dansez, joucz 
J'ai, je sais, il salt 
Regie, zele, caractere 



Broad E ; 

ai, aie ; 
ais, aix ; 

— ois ; 

oient ; 
elB, aits : 

Guttural E ; 

and so sound ai and ei in 
first and middle syllables ; et 
in final syllables; c, not ac- 
cented, but followed by two 
consonants, or a final c, /, I, 
r; oi in the impeifect and 
conditional tenses of verbs. 

I sounded nearly like e in there ; 

\ and so sound ai, aic, ais, aix ; 
•^ also ois and oient in the im- 
perfect and conditional tenses 
of verbs, likewise ets, aits, is. 

at the end of racnosyllables. > 
and in the composition of ' 
words, is sounded like c in ^ 
sister. ; 

eu, OBU, r 

eu. So sound nearly eu and au — 
eux,<| likewise eu, eux, eus, ceux, 
eus, and euse, but much graver. 
OBUX, euse, 1. 

J'aime, vaine, gramraaire 
Haleine, peine, enseigne 
Bonnet, bos<iuet, bracelet 
Toilette, sagesse, denteile 
Bee, chef, sel, enfer 
II parloit, il parleroit 

N. B. Wherever oi has the sound of e or t, 
many authors change oi into ai; Frangaii, .^it- 
glais, il parlait, &iC. 

Tempfete, tfete, conquete 
Maitre, aise, craie, futaie 
Jamais, desonnais, la paix 
Les Francois, les Anglois 
J'aimois, lis airaoient 
Sujets, regrets, presdu prt 
Succes, proces, ici pres 

Je, me. que, devenir, parvenir 

Peu a peu, jeune, le peuple, vocu — 
Jeune, honteux, je meurs, tu peui 
Oiufs, voeux, crease, heureuse 

Silent E ; givesafuU sound to a final consonant, 

which otherwise would be silent 
Slender I ; sounds like ee in sleep 
OpcnO; sounded like o in come; so 

au ; sounds au at the begiiming and end of 

Broad 6, O ; sounded like o in cold ; 

OS, ots, so sound the final syllables 

aux; OS, ots, aux ; likewise au in mono- 
Slender U ; these vowels have no similar 

u ; sound in English ; ix sounds like u, 
but is a little longer 
Slender OU ; sounded like oo in cool 
Open na^al UN, UM ; no similar sound In 

Open njisal OX, > „ , , . 

OM • ( "^^"F '•'^c "^ in tcont 
Broad nasal IX, something of the sound of 

ini, ein, in as pronounced in saint, 

ain, aim; pint 

Broad nasal .\X, something like an in 
am, en, em, tcant, warrant, but still 

ent, aon, aen, more nasal 

Sain, saine ; point, pointe ; charmant, chai 

mante ; m^decin, medecine 
Dislributif, par ici, visible, veritt 
Parole, mode, microscope 
Bateau, tableau, automate 

Aumone, apotre, anemone 
A propos, repos, mots, abricots 
Travaux, m6taux, un seau d'eau 

Perdu, vaincu, tumulte 
Je brule, tu bruies, il brule 

Bf aucoup, dessous, joujoux, amour 
Chacun, comniun, tribun, importun, parfuw 

Cordon, manchon, ballon, charbon 

Pompe, tronipe, surnom, interrompMjns 

Clavecin, chagiin, quinze, dindon 

Importun, timbre, le sein, les reins 

Romain, demain, la faim, un daira 

Sultan, tyran, chantre, rang 

Ambre, chambre, vengeance, printems, sou vent, 

paon, faon, la ville de Caen 
Sa<^ne (a river.) taon (agad-fly,) pron. S6ne, ton 


N. B. 1. When after morn follows an e mute in tlie same syllable, or another »i or » with a 
Towel in the following syllable, the sound ceases to be nasal. Ex. chacun, chachune; miduin, nU- 
iecine; fripon, friponne; baron, baronne; point, pointe. 

2. Ent is silent in the third person plural of verbs, but the preceding consonant has a very full 
lound. Ex. tin sautent ; Us dansent ; Us parlent ; Us mangent. 


C'est un grand joueur 
Des routes boueuses 
Louise est 6blouissante 
Vous fetes tres-enrou6 
Jouet, souhait, il louoit 
II croit que c'est de la moelle de poisson 
lis louoient, je louois, des jouets 
Que les rois soient justes 
Tu jouas afin qu'il jou4t 
Ce rouage va tres mal 
Nousjouons; nouslouons 
II fait son joujou d'un babouin 
Je vis dans mon coin sans soin ni besom 
II vit en jouant ; la ville de Rouen 

A la lueur des 6toiIes 
Son front respectueut 
Donnez lui un biscuit 
Cette nu6e a remu6 vers le sud 
II remuoit ; un langage muet 
Je le saluois ; ils cherchoient des blueU 
II continua d'observer le nuage 
Tu continuas ; tu substituas 
Nous nous saluons ; nous continuonF 
Les liqueurs suintent en Juin 
II a I'air d'un chat-huant 

La chiourme forca de rames 
Les Confucius et les Fabius 
Adieu monsieur le rieur 
I'aime ces vieux messieurs 
Je me conflai a son amiti6 
Ma niece est vieille ; il ^tudioit 
Ils se fioient a ce niais, & je m'en d^fiois 
Un diademe orn6 de diamans 
Ratafia, galimatias 
Ce n6gociant est trop confiant 
Ses passions le font rugir comme un Hop 

Ce lien ne tient4 rien 

ic, e« ««««>,, » »...,..«» . -", Lemaintien d'un client; ^ 

Y, by itself, or at the beginning of a word, or Assis a I'ombre d'une yeuse, il y jouoit de la 
after a consonant, sounds sim ply like the vow- lyre 

y, not beginning a syllable, and followed by a Essayez vos crayons. Ce royaume ee loyal Les 
vowel, sounds u, and forms two distinct syl- passans sont joyeux 

Formed from the Vowels. 


ou andeu ; 


ou eu; 


ou i; 


ou 6; 

Ouet, ouait, ouoit, 

ou 6; 

Oi, oit, oe. 

o 5 ; 

Ouets, ouois, oaoient, 

ou 6; 

Ois, oient. 

ou 6: 

Ouas, ouat, 

ou 4; 


ou a open; 


ou on; 


ou in ; 


o in; 

Ouan, ouen, 

ou an: 

Formed from the Vowels. 


u andeu; 


u eu ; 


u i; 


u 6; 

Ue, net, uoit, 

u e: 

Uets, uois, uoient, 

u— 6; 


u a open ; 

Ua, uas. 

u a broad; 


u on; 


u ^in; 


u an; 

Formed from 

the Vowels. 


\ and ou ; 


i u; 


i eu ; 


i eu; 

lai, 16, 

i 6; 

16, ioit. 

i 6; 

lois, ioient, W.s, 

i 6; 


1 a open,- 

I h broad; 


i an; 


i on; 

len, always in verbs, 

and in some nouns, 

i ain ; 

Jen, in nouns, i ain; 

and i an; 

le soutien d'un patient 


Two dots over a vowel, called trema^ or diisre- Ce poiite a de la naivet6. Les vers lambes sooi 
*is, iodieate that those two vowels are not to sonores, Saul haissoil David, 
be pronounced in the same syllable. 



B has two Bounds ; b, 

Somewhat between p and 6, 

C has three sounds ; before a, o, u, A, 

Before e, i, or with q s, 

In some words, nearly ff, 

L'h has two sounds ; sfi, 

Ch in many words, k, 

D has two s»iunds ; d, 

Before a vowel or /i mute, t, 

F has two sounds ; /, 

Generally before a vowel or A mute, v, 

G has three sounds ; before a, o, u, harsh g, 

Before e, i, j, 

[n some words, A-, 

Gu is generally iiiiuid, i'tja, ifnio^ 

ffJlJ, g^w, 

Sometimes noi liquid, 

H has two sounds ; aspirated, 
Not aspirated, 

K has one sound ; always as a harsh c, 

L has two sounds ; liquid, ^'^'fl? 5'-''-'i 

N«t liquid, /a, /«, /;, 

M has three sounds ; ?«, 

With the nasality of n. 

As in Englisl), gem, sUm, helm, 

N has three sounds ; naaal, 

As n m ten, fen, 

P tag one sound ; ^, 

(i has iliree sounds ; in dropping u, a, 

With u in its natural sound, cu, 

With u sounded ou, cou, 

R has one sound, r, 

Generally mum in nouns in tre before a 

S has two sounds ; s, 

Generally between two vowels, :, 

T has two sounds ; t, 

In substantives in tion ; proper names, in ) 
Uen ; adjectives ic tial, tiel, tieuz, tien, > s, 
and their derivatives S 

V has one sound ; p, 

K. has four sounds : ks. 

As gs in the English word eg^s, gz, 

A hissing sound, as in hiss, as, 

Af in zea/, zephyr, 2 

Bon jour, mon bon ami 
II obiinl un pouvoir absolu 
Du ojnible des grandeurs on le culbuta dans un 

Cedilie, citron, lanca, lecon, recu, 
La seconde fois ; une bccjisse &. une becassine 
Du chocoiat bieii cliaud; un cheval Aug ois 
La voix des bacchantes ; un echo 
Doiinez-nioi des diagees de Verdun 
Repondil a ce grand hoimne 
Jesuis frappo de ctlte faiale nouveile 
Neuf lioiiunes ; pei.dant ncuf ans 
Gusman de GoHzaie : dii gazon 
J'aiuiG 1«; giroile &. !e girigenibrc 
Suer sang it eau ; un long enirctien 
Les vigRobk's de la Bouigogne &. de la Cham 

La gnomoniqne ; des uaux stagnantes 
Lb oherjjs sont h:\idis ; un esprii hargueui 
'Jii liomme hcureux &;^lu)iuieie 
Le Kail desTariarcs ; lasoudo est du kali buill 
Ce snifcii bnli.ant me blesse rail 
Aclihie altaquK la ville tie Troie 
Mei:cz moi cliez ma mere 
Jfe sais son iiom a-sd sou snrnom 
Sem, Jerusalem, Seliin, Epliraun 
Ce chien nc; j>reJid rien 
L'ennemi est ansianii 
L'amcur &. Thymen ; i! <iit amen a lout 
Le pauvre est eans pouvi ir &. sans pain 
Qualite vaut niieux que quantit6 
Une statue iqiiesire ; le quniluple de vingte 
Le veau marin est un quadrupede aquaiique 
Voire argent reslera sans interet 
Voire pere a un autre projet , 

Soyez sage & sarhez vons taire 
Voici une rose : j'ai perdu mon fuseau 
Souvent la traiiison a les dehors de ramiti* 
La patience est la portion du pauvre 
Les Empereurs Domitien &. Dioclelien 
Partial, essentiel, asiiLdtieux, impatient 
Veneznie voir Vendredi procliam 
Les coiifcuses taxenl le beau sexe 
Exigez qu'il vnus en df>ime I'exemple 
Soixante, Bruxelies, Cadix, Auxerre 
Deux oeufs &: s-ix amandej 

Les douze sigiico du zodaique 
Je suis de Metz, & lui de Khodez 

Z haa two sounds ; 

When a final, 

N. B. The consonants c, /, ^, r, are commonly sounded at the end of words ; but the other con- 
sonants are almost always silent, unless they are joined to a final e mute ; as saint, sainte; pru- 
dent, prudcnte; JLouis, Liouise; Romain, Romaine; petit, petite. 

The rule generally given, that a word ending nouncing the final consonants of the verbs; j'a- 

witli a consonant should be joined to a word be- 
ginning with a vowel, is absolutely erroneous, 
and leads to a heavy aflected manner of pro- 
nouncing. It is true that in reading verses, and 
m public speeches, consonants are oftener and 
more strongly sounded before a vowel ; either 
to preserve the measure of the verse, or to give 
a quicker impulsion to the air, and be heard at 
a greater distance. But in conversation, and in 
familiar reading,nothing is more carefully avoid- 
ed by all unaflected people. 

However, as there are many cases in whicli 
the consonants must be joined to the vowels, we 
sliall endeavour to give a clear rule, with its mo- 
difications, for the direction of Foreigners. 

1. Let us observe that the consonants c,/, I, r, 
few words excepted, are always joined to the 
next vowel of any word which follows them. 

2. Tlie same remark stands good for any 
ether consonant that, by custom, is pronounced 
full at the end of some particular words ; which 
for the most part are ancient and modern /o- 
reign nd^mGS. Thus in the words Venus, Bac- 
chus, Memphis, Jlbraham, &c. the final conso- 
nants keep their /ttW and natural sound, eitlier 
before a consonant or a vowel ; therefore pro- 
nounce Venus aimable, Venus blessee, Bac- 
chus endormi, Abraham obeiasant, &c. in sound- 
ing fully the final consonants. 

3. The verbs are never joined by unafiTected 
speakers,to the word which follows them, unless 
tiiat word be their pronoun conjunctive, the in- 
determinate pronoun on., or the supplying pro- 
nouns y and en; which three last always sound 
before and after verbs. — Thus read without pro- 

N. B. The letters to be joined to the next vow- 
els, have approaches (^-') 
Les arbres de mon all6e ; 

The trees of my alley. 

Lcs &, des annoncent le pluriel ; mon & ton 
expriraent la possession. 

vois eavie; il parut accable, nous parlames a 
Antoine. — But, sound the final consonant, both 
of the verbs and pronouns, (according as they 
meet either before or after one another) in such 
constructions as these; allonsy; m'attend-on? 

Donnez-en? en-avez-vous? On-en-aura; vous ai 

mez ma sceur ; & elle vous aime. Parut-il acca- 

bl6 1 Je ne puis qu'y faire, dit-elle. 

4. However, one may sometimes sound, but 
always very gently,the final consonant of a verb 
before the infinitive avoir and elrc. Jlfaut avoir; 
on doit etre. ^~' 

5. The t of est and sont from the verb etre, 
sounds before any vowel. Jl est adroit; elles 

sont aimablcs ^~' 

6. Tlie t of the conjunction et (and) is always 

7. The final n in nasal sounds is never to he 
joined to the next vowel, except in these four 
words; un, on, bicv, rien; and in masculine 
adjectives ending in n, when Ihey precede their 
substantives beginning with a vowel ; as, mon 
bon ami ; j'ai son argent ; donne moi ton epee. 

8. S and x, joining a vowel, take the somid of 
z; d of t; g of k; and / the sound of v. 

These observations being premised, wc may 
now offer tlie general rule. 

The final consonant of a word, (especially v, 
s, t, X, and 2) is sounded before a vowel, when- 
ever ihe first word necessarily affects the second, 
that is, either deierniines, qualifies, or modifies 
its signification; such as, an article and its noun, 
a preposition and its case, &.c. &c. witli the ex- 
ceptions above mention«!d. 
References to the foregoing observations and 
to the general rule. 

Les and vwn, as articles, modify the words 
arbres and allee; therefore, by the general rule, 
the s and it are sniindi d. 

Tlies in its and (/f.*, and the win mon and ton, 
are silent before the in;xt vowels, because lea 

Tlie vDcrds Ics and des show the plural num- 
ber; the '.cords mon and ton announce posses- 
Les y &. les en soat d' un grand usage en Francois. 

The pronouns y and en are of great use in 
Vo'u imitez voa freres; & nous aussi, nous 

les iraitons. 

You imitate your brothers; and we also imi- 
tate them. 

Un avis important, 

Un imponant avis ; 

An important advice. 

Whenever some words will appear to contra- 
dict the general rule, let them be examined with 
care, and the reader will easily perceive that 
such licenses are taken to avoid either an am- 


aes, mon, and ton, are taken abstractedly, and 
do not ad'ect tlie next word witJi their right of 

Hercs is pronounced before y and en, because 
les, as article plural to y and ew, determines tho 
extent of tlieir siguiticaiion — d is sounded before 
usage, because grand qualifies usage. 

Here the a- of vous sounds before imitez, because 
it determines imitez, being its conjunctive pro- 
noun. The s of nous is silent before aussi, be- 
cause it does not adect it, but a farther word 
imitons, the conjunctive pronoun of vvliich it is 
Tlie 5 of les is sounded before imitons, by the 
second paragraph of the third observation. 

The n of un is sounded by the seventh obser- 
vation. The s of avis is silent before important, 
because avis does not qualify important, but is 
qualified by it. The t of important, sounds be- 
fore avis, "because important alfects avis by 
qualifying it. 

biguity or a harsli sound ; because, as says M. 
I'abbe d'Olivet, the Frencli prefer an irreguJarity 
to a discordant sound. 

The French have tvvoe's not accented, as has 
been already seen in the table of the vowels. 
One of them is always silent, and only serves 
(as far as relates to pionunciaiion) to lengthen 
the syllable which precedes it; as, un grand 
point; une grande pointe. Un medecin 

Tlie other unaccented e has a sound of its own, 
which coming from the throat, as in the English 
words daughter, sister, gives to it the name of 
guttural e. 

That e is sometimes pronounced, and some- 
times not ; and in this consists a great ditticuity 
for foreigners, who alwa^'s pronouncing it full, 
are long before they are able to follow a French 
conversation, and thence are inclined to believe 
that the French spyak much fastei than anyothcr 
nation. The truth is, that the French, taking 
them in general, do not speak faster than other 
people, but in conversation, and in familiar read 

tention to the following remarics will remove 
every difficulty. 

When a guttural e ends a second syllable, it 
is not pronounced ; and this is effected in the 
following manner ; the first syllable joins the 
une consonant of the second, and the e thus unsup- 
ported, remains silent: Ejc. (iuand vous se- 
rez le luftnie, vous nie trouverez le meme. "" 

This sentence contains thirteen syllables in 
prose : Quand voiw se rez le meme vous me trou 
ve rez le meme. In verse, mime would be divid- 
ed into two syllables. 

In familiar reading, and in conversation, it 
only contains eight syllables : Quand vouss rei 
memr, vousm trouv rel mem. 

Observe, 1. If the guttural e of the second 
syllable is either preceded or followed by a diph- 
thong or a vowel compounded of ttvo lettersjsnch 
asau, ei,ou,Se.c. thee must then be^en£/y heard; 

iiig, they drop the guttural e, as often as they can such we mark m the following examples with 
do it, and thus go quicker through a sentence an asterisk(*). 

2. The consonant of an e guttural, cannot be 
joined to a syllable ending in e mute. 

3. When you drop an e guttural, let the junc- 
tion bo very smooth, and try to avoid a jerking 
harsh sound. 

In order to apply the preceding observations, we give here some lines of which the c's which 
follow the approaches, are not to be pronounced. 

than does a foreigner, who gives a full guttural 
sound to every e he meets with. 

In tliis consists much of the neatness and ele- 
gance of a good French accent, and a little at- 

Je me rendis le jour suivant cliez le Comte / went the next day to the Count of Olivarez 
^ ^^ -^ before the rising of the sun. 

d'Olivarez, avant le lever de I'aurore. 

You will become the confidant if that Lord; 
should not you like it ? 

It IS what I 

not wish at all^ nor ever 

Vous deviendrez ie confident de ce seigneur ; 
aimeriez-vos a le devenir 1 

C'est ce que je ne souhaite pas du tout, et ce 
que je ne souhaiterai jamais. 

Jc ne pus m'empficher de rire de la sotte va- 
nity de mon secretaire, et cependant, je !e lais- 

sai faire. ^ 

Cette guerre devint le sujct de toutes les me- 
sures de I'Espagne. ~~' * "^ 

Je ne puis nie rappel'.er le souvenir de cette 

ville, sans maudire les trois quarts et denii de 
«es habitans. ^ "^ 

e ne uie plains pas de vous, r6 pond it le bon 

vieillard ; je vous la dirai ni6nie, c'est 

a regret que je ine vois dans le necessite de 

vous nianquer de patole, Sc jc vous conjure de 
me le pardoiuier.""' '-^ 


JVlilch Foniirners find difficult to be pronounced. 

II y a plus de vignobles en Bourgogne qu'en divisibilit6 de la inatiere nous donne rid6e de 
Bretagne. Co procede est ignoniiuieux et in- rinfiiiite & de I'eternite. • 

digue d'un Espagnoi. Essayez de me Irouver L'eleclricite etoit inconnue a rantiquit6. 
un petit epagiieul, semblablc a celui de voire La felicity accompagne plus souvent la m6di- 
fillo. Un ui;:i pasteur veille saas cesse sur sos ocrite que la superiority. 

I could not help laughing at the foolish va 
nity of my secretary, but I did not however op 
pose him 

That war became the sitbject of all the mea- 
sures of Spain. 

I cannot call that town to my remembrance^ 
without cursing nineteen of its inhabitants out 
of twenty. 

I do not complain of you, replied the good old 
man ; I even confess it to you, it is with regret J 
see myself in the necessity of breaking my word 
with you ; and I beg of you to forgive it to me. 


Meitfcz dans ce bouillon des feuilies de certe- 
uil &. d'osc'ilie, Sc joigiiez y une goiisse d'ail. J'ai 
passe une lieure dans le Mail, a faire une pariie 
de quilles. Mon taiiJeur m'a dit que tons les 
grands seigneurs etoient alors en deuil a Ver- 

Je m'amnsai la veille de Noel a consid6rer 

Les artnees entreront mardi en eampagne. 
Marchez, rustres, marchez, ne vous endormez 
pas. C'est en forgeant que vous deviendrez for- 
geton. Formez niieux ces letties rondez et ces 
letires batardes, et ne barbouillfez pas taut de 
papier. Mon agent a mon argent, tinant a moi 
qui n'ai point d'argent, je n'ai pas besoin d'a- 
gent. Prononcez les deux R des mots erreur, 

une vieille Bourgnignone, qui jouoit de la vielle terreur, liorreur, irrito, terrible, erroime. 

tranquillement assise au solcil sur le seuil de sa 
porte. Essayez de bien prononcer I'amour & la 
mort; des citrouilles & des grenouilles ; un clii- 
onliargneux ; une abeille industrieuse. Ne b6- 
gayez pas en disant une anguille et une aiguil- 
le; 6gayant and 6gay6. 
On confond aouvenl la simplicit6 avec la stu 

Qnand un cordier cordant vout accorder sa 

De sa corde a corder trois cordons il accorde; 

Mais, si I'un des cordons de la corde decorde, 

Le cordon, decordaiit fait d^corder la corde. 

La compassion est une aftcction tendre. Les 
factions desolent cette nation. L'ambition est 

pidit<i,&. la regularity avec la singularit6. La une illusion qui conduit souvent a des actions 




Of Grammar in general 

GRAMMAR is the art of reading, speaJting, 
and writing a laiigua^e by rules 

There are nine parts of speech ; llie article ; 
the noun, or substantive; tlie ailjectivt*, or ad- 
noun ; tlie pronoun ; the verb ; the adverb ; tiie 
preposition ; the conjunction ; and the interjec- 

1. The article declares a noun, and deter- 
mines the extei.'t of its signification. Hence ar- 
ticles are divided into definite, indefinite, and 

The word definite, in its literal acceptation, 
signifies sometiiing hniited icitkin a knoicn space 
— ^i'he word indefinite designs something icith- 
oiit knoicn litnits—'rUa word partitive means 
dinidin^r into parts. 

In English, the is definite— a or an, and like- 
wise some or any, \n the sense of wore or less, and 
tchatrver, are indefinite— ^omf, in the sense of a 
portion of, is partitive— 7Vtc milliner has sent 
me the hat wliitli I bouglit yesterday — ^-J milli- 
ner has shown to nie a hat of a new fashion- 
Here are fine oranges, will you liave any ? Yes, 
I will buy sowtc- Here is a fine orange, will you 
have any ? Yes, I will be obliged to you forsDWC. 
Give me some bread. Give me some apples. 

2. A substantive expresses the idea of any 
thing which we may t.)uch and see, or which 
we may conceive existing by itself — A table, l.'ie 
aun, Virtue anirt/cp, are siiijstantives. 

Substantivis may be divided into proper, com- 
mon and abstract nouns. 

A substantive prnpcr, strictly speaking, only 
belongs toonep:rs'»nor one thing, and names it 
—Shiik.^peare, t{,>nter; Shakspeare's Othello; 
Homer's Iliad. 

A substantive common lM;long3 to more than 
one obji'ct. Tree, bird, flower, oak, sparrow, 
pink, are substantives common. 

A substantive ahsimct expresses an object 
which is only conceived by the mind, without 
falling under any of the senses — Virtue, vice, 
ffiiod-nature, and peevishness, are substantives 
abstract; for, though we may know and see 
virtuous, viciiius, good-natured, and peevish 
men, we never saw virtur, vice, good-nature, 
and peevishness, but only conceive Iheni by the 
power of our mind, a<3 particular habits which 
render men virtuous or vicious, good-natured or 

Nouns may liave either a singular or a plural 
meaning, which grammarians ca 1 number— 
There are two numbers—the singular ai.d plural. 

Tile singular designs one — .in apple, a pen, a 
vian, are in the singular number. 

Tl\e plural designs many, or more than one — 
Two apples, ten pens, a hundred men, are all in 
the plural number. 

There are lour genders in English — Mascu- 
line, feminine, neuter, and conunon. 

Tiie masculine belongs to all males— j3 man, 
a horse, are masculine. 

The feminine belongs to all females— j3 uo 
man, a tigress, are femiinne. 

Tiie neuter in English belongs to inanimate 
objects— .5 table, a pen, are neuter. 

The common belongs to tlie order of males 
ami females— CA/W, chicken, thief, are of the 
common gender. 

3. An adjective or adnoun, expresses a parti- 
cular quality ascribed to a substantive — A good 
man, a bad man, a studious man, a lazy man— 
The words good, bad, studious, and lazy, ex- 
press the particular quality which belong to 
such or such a man. 

Adjectives, according to tlie extent of theit 
signification, take the name o( positive, compa- 
rative, and superlative. 

An adjective, in its natural state, is in the posi- 
tive degree— Sophia is studious andobliging. 

An adjective in a state either of increase, dimi- 
nution, or equality, is in the comparative degree 
—Hence comparatives are divided into compara- 
tives nf superiority, inferiority, and equality. 

A comparative of sufjeriority has for its sign, 
the word more, or an ending in er, equivalent 
to more — Cecilia is more studious, and wiser 
than her sister. 

A comparative of inferiority has for its sign, 
the word I'ss, followed by than, or the word so 
with a negation followed by as— You are less 
studious titan your brother. You are not so at- 
tentive as you used to be. 

The comparative of equality has for its sign, 
the word as, followed by a.s— She is as good- 
natured as her mother. 

An adjective in its most e.xtensive meaning, is 
in the superlative decree, and has for its sign ihc 
word most, or an ending in est, equivalent to 
mo3l— Your sister is the inosi prudent woman 1 

know. — He is ti^e proudest, and the most trifling 
man in London. 

4. A pronoun is a word whicli is used instead 
of a noun, to avoid a troublesome and unliarnio- 
nious repetition. 

Pronouns are divided into — Per.foval, posses- 
sive, demonstrative, relative, and indeterminate. 
—A complete list of all the pronouns is given in 
the following section ; our end liere is only to 
give definitions and explain them. 

Personal pronouns, as the word designs It ful- 
ly, represent the names of persons—/ was yes- 
terday with your sister ; she was speaking of 7/o?<, 
when your brother came up to us ; we convened 
with him, and he invited us to his house. 

l'o.ssessive pronouns denote possession or pro- 
perty— Your horse is stouter than mine, is a con- 
cise way of saying: the horse whieh you possess 
is stouttr than the horse which J jfossess. 

Demonstrative jironouns point out the objects 
of our observation or discourse, and clearly dis- 
tinguish them from any other object— 7V//s boy 
is more attentive than that girl. — These pens aie 
better than those. 

Relative pronouns show a reference to some 
substantives which either precede, or follow them. 
—The man who lives with me, and whom you 
know. The poji zchieh I cave to your brother. 
The grammar that 1 read. Which of these roses 
do you like best /—All pronouns, absolutely sjjeak- 
ing, have a relative signification, but irku, that, 
and which, are those which are properly called 
relative pronouns. 

The indeterminate or indefinite pronouns de- 
note their object in a general, vague, and uncer- 
tain manner — One cannot always be happy— 
Somcboily knocks at the door— 07<e and somebody 
dentuc no particular object, and so they are in- 

5. The subject or numinntire of a verb is the 
word which afiects the verb, and «letermines its 
person atsd number—/ read ; we love ; your sis- 
ter sings ; your brothers play. 

The object or ninmcn of a verb, is the word 
which receives its action— I know your brother ; 
he lo\ es you , he will sing a sovfr. 

A verb is a part of speech which signifies to 
he, to ilo, or tc suffer ; that is to say. the verb ex- 
presst-s either the nctunl state of persons and 
tilings, the actions which Ihiy do. or ihe ivjirri.- 
sions they receive — VVe an- free: hf l.eionns 
proud. We ;>ra/.<r candour : \ hate double de.Tl- 
ing. Tiiars ure dispistd ; viriuous men liave been 
fvmetimes^ vvriik. 

Hence tin- natural division of vcr) s into swi- 
ftmitire-^ active, and pa.s;firc verbs. 

A verb substantive denotes what kind of union 
subsists between a subject and its attribute. To 
be is the only real verb substantive — Your bro- 
ther is obedient ; your brother will be rich ; that 
laan is not sincere ; your brother icas not guilty. 

A veib active declares an action, doing, done, 
or to be done — I praise you ; we reprimanded 
him ; we will examine his conduct. 

A xexb passive expresses the impression of an 
action which an object is receiving, has receiv- 
ed, or will receive — He is haled ; your sister tea* 
praised; he will be reprimanded— licwQe it ap- 
pears, that the ditierent tenses of the veib to be, 
joined to a participle, form a xi^vh passive. 

Besides this general division, verbs receive the 
names of auxiliary or helping, reflected, recipro- 
cal, neuter, personal, drj'ective, regular, and »>• 

The verbs to be and to have, are called auxilia- 
ry or helping veibs, because they Jielp to conju- 
gate all other verbs in many tenses— 1 have dined ; 
jou are praised ; we will have sung ; he should 
be corrected. 

A verb nfiected is a verb active, the subject 
and object of which are the same— //c praises 
himself; I hurl myself; you wiW rum yourself. 

A verb reciprocal is a verb active, the subject 
and object of which are not the same ; but as in 
the refiected, they have a mutual action upon 
one another. Hence it follows tliat a verb rc«- 
procal is always in the jdural ntunber — Jf'elove 
one another : they write to one another. 

A verb neuter has no regimen— He /tW down ; 
she runs well. 

All verbs which maybe conjugattd with three 
persons in the singular, and three in ihe |)lural, 
are called personal— I write; thou writest ; he 
writes; we write ; yr write ; tlicy write. 

A verb impersonal is only C(»iijugaie(i with the 
pronoim //,, in the tJiird id-rson singular— /< rains; 
it will snow ; it concerns you. 

A verb difectivr rannot l'o through the usual 
variations ofother verbs— »/lA7//////..<, m< thought. 

A verb rrgulnr agrees with the uMial form;*- 
tion of V(!rbs— / praise ; I prai.-^f d ; I hare prais- 
ed ; I luve ; I lurid; / have lored. 

A verb irregvlir does not agree with the usual 
formation of verbs— / ^o. / wint, I have gone; I 
speak, I spoke, I have spoken- 

Verbs have moods, tenses., pei sons, and num 

A mood is Ihe distinct manner of exprpssing 
the various powers of a verb— Thcfe are four 
modds: the infinitive, the indicntivc, the suh- 
junctivi, and the niipcrutivc. 


The mood infiniticc declares the power of the 
verb io its most extensive sigaitication — it is pro- 
fitable, to study, to converse, and to reflect. Tlie 
wonls to study, to converse, and to reflect, set 
no limits to the ideas of study, conversation, and 
reflection, but leave theui iu a boundless signifi- 

The mood indicative declares in a direct man- 
ner what a subject is, does, or suliers, without 
standing in need of a conjunction— Foa are 
happy; your sister has been, is, and will be loved 
by every body. I now read AnacharsLs, and 1 
icill soon jn-.ike an extract of it. 

The mood subjunctive, likewise called con- 
junctive and optative, cannot have a meaning 
without the help of a conjunction. Its literal 
meaning is a complete delinition; it is a mood 
dependant on a conjunction, either expressed or 
understood.— T/wu Of A the rich be powerful, they 
cannot avoid diseases, and bribe deaih. I wish* 
your brother may come in tuue, (* that is under- 

The mood imperative expresses a command, 
or a desire— y^ead your lesson. Sit down by me. 
J.,et him speak. Let us take a walk. 

All the objects of our tlioughts are either in a 
past, present, or future time— Hence verbs have 
three tenses, the present, the past, and the fu- 
ture, which remain sufficiently expressed by 
their literal denomination, without any other de- 
finition — / speak, I am speaking, is a present 
tense ; I spoke, I have spoken, is a past tense; / 
toUl speak, I will be speaking, is a future tense. 

Those three chief tenses are susceptible of su- 
bordinate divisions, as will be seen in tlie para- 
digm of conjugations. 

Verbs, like nouns, Jiave a singular and a plu- 
ral number. Each number has three persons ; 
/, thou, he, she, or a substantive for the singular : 
we, you, they, a substantive, or many substan- 
tives for the pluial — / read, thou readcst, he 
reals, Huphia reads ; we read, ye read, tfiey ready 
the boys read, Jilury and Jane read — Modern po- 
liteness will have, in writing and conversing, the 
second person plural used instead of the second 
person singular. 

6. The adverb is a word joined to a verb, to 
determme the extent of its signification— For 
example, if I say : you run, you study, you write; 
I only present to the hearer the ideas of motion, 
study, and writing-. But if I make use of ad- 
verbs, and say: you run fast; you study care- 
Leasly ; you write elegantly; the adverbs /a^f, 
carelessly, and elegantly, measure, as it were, the 

parts which arc taken out of the boundlcs? 
meaning, to run, to study, to write. 

An adverb is often formed of many words, 
and is then called an adnerb compound — You run 
with grace ; that is to say, gracefully. 

The same word may be taken adverbially in 
a sentence, and be a preposition in another — Vou 
walk after me, and you should run before me 
I will go before, if you promise to come after. 
In such curcumstances the adverb is easily dis- 
tinguished from the preposition ; for the latter 
has always a regimen, and the former has none 
Indeed, those adverbs in appearance, are real 
prepositions with the ellipsis of a regimen. 
Thus, in the preceding sentence, the complete 
sense is : I will go before you, if you promise to 
come after me. 

7. A preposition is an indeclinable word, put 
before a noun or a pronoun, to govern it, and 
show the relation it has to other parts of the 
sentence— I have lived near your house during 
three months, and I never had the pleasure of 
being in your company before this moment — 
Tile piepositions luar, during, in, before, con- 
nect the relations which vicinity, sociablenesa, 
and time have to one another. 

8. A conjunction is an indeclinable part of 
speech, which unites the dift'eroJit meanings of 
various words, or part of a sentence, into one 
general complete sense— 1 saw your father and 
mother yesterday, and neithcT he nor she would 
believe that you could read as well as your bro- 
ther ; but, though they are so hard to be persuad- 
ed, they will at length believe me, when they 
liear you read. 

9. An interjection is an indeclinable word 
which serves to declare joy, surprise, fear, grief, 
aversion, desire, and other sudden emotions of 
the mind, which no connected sentence could ex- 
l)ress — .lias ! dear mc '. bless us ! oh ! fy ! pshaw f 
zounds! and such like expressions, are called in- 
terjections. There are emotions of the mind 
so lively, and so very sudden, that every body 
wiU at that time make use of interjections ; but 
too frequent a use of them, iu a deliberate 
way of speaking, is a sure mark of ignorance 
atTtctalion, and a dearth of words. Hence we 
see that illiterate people abound most in inter- 
jecUons, and in that worst kind of them which 
is called swearing. 

VVe finish tnis section with observing, that in 
order to avoid repetitions, or an unharinonioua 
style, words necessary to the grammatical con 
suuction of a sentence ar^ often omitted ; and 


fhat omission is, by grammarians, called ellip- taken out of Jlilton's Paradise Lost, points out 
sui The asterisk, in the following examples, the ellips^is. 

O earth, how like to heaven *: (* thou art) 

Nor love thy life, nor hale *; but what thou livest, (* it) 

Live well ; how long, or short *, permit to heaven. (* it is to be) 

Greedily she ingorged * without restraint, (* the fruit) 

And knew not * eating death. (* that she was) 

Grace was in all her steps, heaven * in her eye, (* was) 

In every gesture * dignity and love ! (* were) 

The earth gave signs of gratulation, and each hill *; (*gave siffns of gratulation) 

Joyous ♦ the birds, (,* were) 

But who I was, or where *, or from what cause *, (* I was, I came) 

* Knew not : to speak I tried, and forthwith * spake. (* /, /) 
There are few compound sentences without an ellipsis; and as it may attach to any part or 
speech, it is very necessary, for the gramjnatical analysis of a sentence, to read it carefully, and ob- 
serve where the ellipsis takes place. 



Of the several Parts of Speech in French and English. 

The chief end of tliis section is to present at one view, those words which occur in eveiy line of 
a book, and constitute at least one-third, and often the half of each sentence. Whoever will take 
the trouble of learning them well, (which may be done in a short time,) will very soon be able to 
read French books with ease and pleasure. 

We shall consider the parts of speech in the following order: Articles; accidents peculiar to 
Substantives and Adjectives; Pronoims; Verbs; Prepositions; Conjunctions; Adverbs, and In- 

Abbreviations used in the following Pages, 
ms. masculine singular fp feminine plural 

mp. masculine plural cs. masculine and feminine singular 

fs. feminine singular cp. masculine and feminine plural. 

N. B. For Definitions consult Section II. 


Definite Article, masculine lingular, before a Consonant, or an h aspirated. 
Le, du, ou ; Le pere, du pere, au pere ; father 

the, of or from the,to the; liC h6ros, du h6ros, au h6ros ; hero 

Definite Article, feminine singular, before a Covsonant, or an h aspirated. 
La, de la, a la ; La nifre, de la nierp, :i la nic re ; mother 

the, of or from the, to the; La haiiie, de la haine, a la haine ; hatred 

Definite Article, singular, before a row/l, or av h vnitr.. 
I/, del', A I'; "L'aniour, do rninnur, a i'arpo'ir; lev* 

the, of or from the, to the; L'eiivic, de l>nvip, a I'envie; euvy 

The apostrophe stands for e before masculine L'homnie, do I'liDnmie, .i rhonnne ; man 
and for a before feminine nouns. L'heure, de I'licure, a flieure ; hour 

Definite Article, plural, before any Kovn. 
L«", des, aux ; Los fi's, des fi!s, aux fits ; sons 

the, of or from the, to the Les titles, des filles, nux filks ; davghtcrt 

Les amis, des amis, aux anils; friends 





a le 
de les 
a les 

Du, ms. 


HeV^cs. before avoro- 

el or h mute 
Des, cp. 
De, cs. and cp. before 

D', cs- and cp. before 

adjectives beginning 

with a vowel, or h 


some; any; apart 

N. B. Some is often 
understood in Eng- 

Make always use of the contraction, and ne 
ver write or say : dc le, a le, de les, d les. 

Indefinite partitive. 

( Donnez-moi du pain ; give me some bread. 
II a de la viande : he has some meat. 
II a de r argent, & de Thuinanit^ ; he has money 

Elle a des tils & des filles ; sons, daiLghters. 
i J'ai de bon pain ; de bonne eau ; de bons amis; 
dc bonnes pomines ; I have good bread, water, 
friends, apples. 
II a d'excellent vin ; d'excellentespoirfes ; he has 
wine, pears. 

Proper J^ames are declined with the prepositions de and a. 
Les livres de Sophie ; j'ai parl6 a C6cile & a Einilie ; 

The books of Sophia. I have spoken to Cecilia and Emilia. 

Les Merits de Voltaire ; 11 6crivit a Marmontel, &. a Rousseau; 

The works of Voltaire. he wrote to Marmontel and Rousseau. 

Les rues de Paris & de Londres ; il deineure a Rome ; 

The streets of Paris and I^ondon. he lives at Rome. 


je bon livre, les bons livrea ; look 

NOUNS, either adjective or substantive, form 
their plural by the addition of an s to the sin- 

Observe 1st. Nouns ending in s, x, or r, in the 
singular, never change that termination. 

La bonne fille, les bonnes filles ; girl 

2. Nouns ending in ail and al, form their plu- 
ral by changing ail and al intoajtx. 

Le fils, les fils ; son 
La croix, les croix ; cross 
lie nez, les nez ; nose 
Le travail, lesiravaux ; work 
Le cheval, les chevaux ; horse 
Un 62al, des eganx ; equal 
3 Nouns ending in au, eu, ou, and ieu, require Le bateau, les bateaux ; le feu, les feui ; le bl 
an z in the plural. jou, les bijoux; le lieu, les lieux ; boat, fire, 

jewel, place 
4. Nouns of more than one syllable, ending in Un enfant ob6issant, des enfans ob^issans; obe- 
nt, are cnmmonly written without «, in the pin- dient thild; chiUren 
ral; but they always take .<?, according to the ge- Un serpent, des serpens ; serpent 
nerni rule. 

Monosyllables ending in nt, never lose their t, Une dent, des dents ; tooth, teeth 
in the plural. II est lent, ils sont lents ; slow 

JVouns which deviate from the preceding Rules, or which cannot be uniformly classed. 
Bleu, trou, cou, clou ; blue, hole, neck, nail 

Filou, fou,matou, hibou; sharper, madman, male cat, owl 

Mou, licou, loiip-garou ; soft, halter, hobgoblin 

Take s in the plural, contrary to the third ob- Tout has tOHS for its masculine pi. 10119 Im 


Bal, camaval, pal, r^ca^, bocal ; and proper 
names in al, when used in th^ plural sense, take 
an f in tlu plural, contrary to the second obser- 

hommes; all men 

Hull, carnival, pale in heraldry, a treat, a d»- 
canter — Le crand Annibal; les Annibals son! 
rares aujourd'hui ; such men as Hannibal art 
uncommon now. 


Atlirai!) camail, detail ; Jlpparatvs, priest's cloak, particular 

Eveiitail, epouvantail, gouvernail ; Fan, scarecrow, helm 

Mail, portail, s6rail; form their plural in 8, Mall, larg-e gate of a church, seraglio 
contrary to the second observation. 

The following JVouna are quite irregular. 

Betail, 5. bestiaux, pi. cattle; ceil, s. yeux, pi. eye; aieul, s. grandfather; aieux, pi. ancestors; 
ciel, s. cieux, pi. heaven.; ail, s. aulx, pi. garlic; mon, ton, son, s. rues, tes, sos, jil. viy, thy, his, 
or her. 

Cicl has dels for its plural, when it signifies the tester of a bed, or the clouds in a picture. (Eit 
has mils for its plural, wlien it means an oval window — Other minute exceptions are carefully no- 
ticed in tJie Dictionary. 


N. B. Observe that We say adjectives, and not adjectives and suistaTiUwes.— Substantives never 
vary, but to form their plural.— Beginners often fall into the error of adding an e to all the substan- 
tives feminine tliey have occasion to employ. 

Ali adjectives ending with e without accent, Un homme aimable, une femme aimable ; dep 
commonly called muic, have the masculine and hoinnies ou. des fenimes ahnables; man, wo- 
feminine alike. ?nnn, men, women, amiable 

Other adjectives generally take an c mute to Un homme savant, hardi, prndeni; une femuiC 
form iheir feminine. 

savante, hardie, prudente ; learned, bold, pru- 
Blanc, blanclie, white; franc, franche, sincere; 
sec, seclie, dry; grec, grecque, grecian; pub- 
lic, publique, public; turt, turque, turkish; 
caduc, caduque, injirm. 
Adjectives ending in/, change it into »e to Un homme oisif, vif, naif; une femme oisive, 

Observe 1st. Of the adjectives in c, some 
change c into che, and some others into que, to 
form ilieir fenunine. 

form their fenunine. 

:i. Adjectives in ear and eux, change those 
termmaiions into eusc. for the feminine. 

4. Adjectives in I, with e, u, or ei before I, 
double iliat final I, and take an e mute — The 
o'liers only take an e to form their feminine. 

5. Of the adjectives ending in n, those only 
double #1 in their feminine, which have o before 
n, or end in icn — The others only take e. 

6 7'hp adjectives ending in t, with an e or o 
before it, double the t, and take e for their fe- 
minine — The others only take e. 

Vive naive ; indolent, lindii, candid. 

Un homme heureux, trompeur ; une femme hcu- 
rense, tronipeuse ; happy, deceitful. 

Crue!, cruelle, cruel; nul, nulle, not one; pared, 
pareille, alike. 

Gentil, genteel, has gentille for its feminine. 

Un bon honnne ; un livre ancien ; une bonne 
femme ; I'liistoire ancienne ; good, ancient, his- 

Net, nettc, clean; sot, sotte, foolish. Secret, 
complet, and decot do not double t, but only 
take e; secrete, complete, devote. 
jSdjectives which deviate from the preceding Rules, or cannot be uniformly classed. 

Bas, 771. basse, /. low; 6pais, epaisse, thick; 
cxpres, expresse, precise; las, lasse, tired; gras, 
grasse, fat; gros, grosse, bii>-; b6nin, b6nigiie, 
mild; malin, maligne, malicious; long, longue, 
long; doux, douce, sweet, mild; frais, fraiche, 
frtsh; roux, rousse, reddish; faux, fausse,/aZsc; 
jaloux, jalouse, jealous; absous, absoute, ab- 
solved; dissous, dissoute, dissolved; favori, favo- 
lite, darling, favorite. 

Mou, m. molle, /. soft, indolent; fou, folle, mad, 
foolish; beau, Itelle, handsome, fine; nouveau, 
nouvelle, new) vieux, vieille, old, are formed. 

Un coeur has, une ame basse ; mon f re re est las, 
ma soeur est lasse ; un boeuf gras, une vaclie 
grasse ; un gros homme, une grosse femme; 
un naturel benin, une humour btnigne ; un 
homme faux & jaloux ; une femme fausse &. 
jalouse ; un auteur favori, une chanson favo- 
rite — You may have the plural, in following 
the rule for the formation of plural; F.x. has, 
basse. Sing, has, basses, pi. long, longue, Sing. 
long, longues, 

Un homme mou, de la cire molle -.—{mul is out 
of use)— II est fou, un fol amusement, elle 
est folle ; un beau chapeau, un bel homme. 


from mol, fol, bel, nouvcl, vieil, which are used une belle feniine ; un nnuvcau desseiii, us 

before a vowel or an h mute. Vieux, however, nouvel accident, une mode nouvelle ; un vieux 

viay be used before a vowel ; un vieil ainif or un cheval, un vieil ami, une vieille uialson. 
vtrax ami. 

Bui the masculine plural is always formed from Un bel homme, do beaux hommes; un nouvel 

ihe masculine singular net ending in I. accident, de nouveaux accidi:us. 

Comparatives in cur, form their feminine by the Un meillcur roi, une nieiileure reine ; un g6nj* 

addition of an e, amtrary to the third observation ; sup6rieur, une fortune superieure ; un lieu i»- 

meilleur, mcillctire; supericur, aupericure, &c. ferieur, une partie inferieure. 


Pcrsojial Pronouns. 
We divide tire personal pronouns into three classes — The first consists of those which govern lh« 
verbs; the second of those which are governed by the verbs; and the third of tliose which are go- 
verned by prepositions— Some of them, as it will appear, are CiiuaUy governing and governed. 

Personal Pronouns governing Verbs. 
Je, cs. I; Je Up, j'ecris, je chante ; f reid, write, sing 

Moi, cs. I; Vous ■&. moi nous somnies contens ; you and I are satisfied [supped 

Nous, cp. wc, Nous dtijeunames, nous dinames, nous souiifimes ; we breakfasted^ dined^ 

Tu, cs. thou; - Tu danses, tu joucs, tu dors ; thou dancest, plaijcst, sleepcst 

Toi, cs. thou; Toi qui fais T insolent, qui es-tui thou who spcahest so loud, who art thou? 

Vous, cs. ami cp. ye ox Vou-< mangez, vous buvez; you eat, drink 

II, ms. he; it; II 6tudie, ii parie, il pleul ; he studies, he speaks, tt rains 

Lui, ins. he; Voiis n'dles pas amis vous & liii ; you and he are not friends 

E\\e,fs. she; it; E!le viendra, elle lonibra (la mai??on,) she will cone, it will fall {the house) 

lis, mp. they; I!s ont des amis ; they hace friends 

Elles, /;>. iii-;y: Elles sont polies ; they are civil 

On, c.-.-. one; th'-y: we; On aime a 6tre houreux ; one likes, we men, people like to be happy; oa dit j 

pnnple; men: it i:-.>^c. it is said 

Personal pronouns governed by Verbs. 
Me, C3. mc; H me connoit; he knows me 

Me, to me; Vous me parlez ; you speak to me 

Moi, es. me; Sacourez-moi ; help me 

Moi, to me; ' Parlezmoi Francois; speak FVench to w-e 

Nous, cp. us; II nous estime ; he esteems us 

Nous, to us; II nous paria ; he spoke to hs 

Tc, cs thcr; Je te connois; I know thee 

rv.,^to thee; II te parle ; he speaks to thee 

Vous, cs. r.p. yon; Nous vous aimo:is ; we love you 

Vous, to yon; Nous vous parlerons; we will speak to yon 

Jiui, m.t. to him; Vous lui parlates; you spoke to him 

ii:ii. f.i- to her; Nous lui (icrivimes; we wrote to her 

Lc, in.i. him; Je le respecte; I respect him 

l.a, /*. A-jr; Je la connois ; / knoui her 

L.'S, cp. them: Nous les aimons ; loc /ooe tAcm 1 

Ijeur, ep. to Uum; Je leur parlerai ; Pll speak to them >mcn or women 

■?e, cs. ic >~p. Himself, herself, themselves ) 

F.u, cs. & cp. Of it, of him, of her, of them 

V, cs. & cp. To it, to him, to her, to them, here, there 

Personal Pronouns governed by Prepositions 

Ao\, es me: Devaiit moi, apres moi ; before, after 

»«ous, cp. ^is; Avec nous, aans nous ; with, without 


Toi, c8. thee; Pour toi, loin de toi ; /or, far from 

Vous, cs, cp. you; Malgr6 vous; in spite of you 

Lui, ms. him; Derriere lui, vers lui ; behind towards 

Elle, fs. her; Pres d'elle, aupres d'elle ; near her 

Eux, mp. them; Au-dessous d'eux; below them 

EUes, fp. them; Au-dessus d'elles ; above them » 

Soi, cs. one's self; Prendre garde a soi ; to take care of one's se\f 


Conjunctive possessive pronouns. 

Mon, ms. ^ Mon livre, mon cheval ; book^ horse 

Ma, fs. \ my; Ma plume, ma maison ; pen, house 

Mes, cp. J Mes freies, mes soeurs; brothers, sisters 

Ton, 7n5. 1 Ton courage, Ion pays; courage, country 

Ta,/i. > thy; Ta vertu, la bont6 ; virtue, kindness 

Tes, cp. S Tes onc.'es, tes tantes ; uncles, aunts 

Son, 7715. \ his; Son pere, son cheval ; father, horse 

Sa, /5. \ her; ^^ Yoh9,,sa.i\iY>e; gown, petticoat 

Ses, cp. J its; Scs roues, ses rayons ; wheels, spokes 

Notre, C5. ) ^. Noire roi&. noire reine; Amo-, ^ueen 
Nos, rp. \ °^^' Nos cousins, noscousjnes; cousins 

Voire, cs. \ Voire niari, voire Spouse ; husband, wife 

Vos, cp. (^ J I- > Vos fils, vos filles ; sons, daughters 

Leur, C.9. I th ' • I-'f^ur j^"li'ii 'eur maison ^^art/e/j, Aomsa 

Leurs, cp. j ' Leiirs leurs tleurs ; tj-ces, flowers 

N. B. Mon, ton, son, are used instead of ma, ta, sa, before a noun feminine, beginning with « 
vowel or an h nmte, to avoid a harsh articulation. Ex. Mon ainiti6, 77ty friendship; ma sincere 
nimliQ, my sincere friendship; low \(\?,o\nncc, thy insolence; ta grande insolence, fAy extre77ie ijwo- 
le)ice; son histoire, his history; sa savante hisioire, his learned history. 

Observe also, that all possessive Pronouns, either conjunctive or relative, but more clearly those 
of the third jjcrson, agree, in English, with the po.sses3or of a thing, and in French witli the thing 
possessed. Many mistakes will he avoided by attending to this observation. Ex. II aime sa femme, 
safllle & ses soeurs ; he luoes his wife, his daughter, and hia sisters. Elle aime son mari, son fils, 
& ses freres; she loves her husband, her son, and her brothers. 'i9ire frere a perdu son couteau 
& sa bourse ; your brcth'r has lost his knife and his purse. Votro soeur a perdu son couteau &c sa 
bourse ; j/our sister has lost her knife and hur purse. 

Relative possessive Pronouns. 
Le mien, ms \ ( Voire livre & le mien ; book 

La niienne, sf f • ) Voire plume & la mienne •, pen 

Les miens, mp. C ""'"^•' ^ Ses agneaux & les miens ; I'dmb 

Les miennes,/jj. 1 ' Seschevres & les miennos; goat 

Le tien, ms. \ ( Mon canif & le lien ; penknife 

La tienne, /.!*. f thine- } ^^* '^^V"" ^ '^ tienne; /cs.9<77i 

Les liens, mp. I ' \ Ses crayons & les liens ; pencils 

Les tiennes, /p. ; ' Ses tulipes & les tiennes ; tulips 

Le sien, 771s i ( Mon chapeau & le sien ; hat 

La sienne,/.?. f his and ) Ma rnonire & la sienne ; watch 

Lea siens, »7i;j i hers; j Mes bas & les siens ; stockings 

Les siennes, /p ) ' Mes manchelte8&.les siennes; ri/j^c* 

Le nfttre, ms ) ( Votre laquais & le notre; footman 

La nOtre, fs. > ours; < Voire servante & la noire ; maid 

Les natrt^,,«j». ) ( Vos cousins &. les ii6tres • cousin 


Le votre, ms. ) ( Mon 6ventail& le votre ; fan 

Le votre, ms. ) ( Mon eventauac le voire ; jan 

La votre, /5. > yours; < Ma labatiere & la voire ; snuffbox 

Les volres, cp. ) ( Mes souliers k. les votres ; shoes 

Le leur, vis. i ( Jvotre pays &l le leur ; country 

La leur, fs. )■ theirs; < Noire arniee &c la leur ; army 

Iie« leurs, cp. ) ( Nos chevaux & les leurs ; hors 

liGS leurs, cp. ) ( Nos chevaux & les leurs ; horses 


Although all Pronouns have a relative signification, the followini,' ones are more peculiarlj so 
called — They are of both genders and numbers, except lequcl and quel that are declined. 

Qui ; who, tchom, thai, that ichich 

due; icftom, that, vrhat, how! icky? 

Dont ; whose, of whom, of which 

Quoi ; which, what! what? (never said of persons) 

Oii ; at which, in which, (ou without accent, or, either,) 

Quel ; ms. quelle,/.*, quels, mp. queiles,/p. what— It is always joined to its substantive. 

Lequel, laquelle, lesquleJs, lesquelles, duquel, &c. which 

Application of the Relative Pronoun* 

L'homme qui vous parle ; the man who speaks to you 

La feinme qui vient d'enlrer ; the woman who just came in 

Qui deniandez-vous ici ; whom do you want here 

Les choses qui me plaiseiit; the things that I like 

Apres qui courez-vous 1 whom du you run after 

De qui parlez-vouji ; whom are you speaking of 

L'homme que j'estime ; the man whom I esteem 

La fenmie que vous voyez ; the woman whom you see 

Les chevaux que j'ai ; the horses that I have 

Que vous etes aimabie ! hou! amiable you are 

Que n'est-il plus sage ? why is he not wiser 

La dame dont je parle ; the latly ichom I speak of • 

Les hommes dont vous parlez ; the men whom you speak of 

L'argent dont j'ai besoin ; the mcneij that I want 

Les lois dont il d<^pend ; the laics on which he depends 

La granimalre dont je parle ; the gramviar of which I speak 

A quoi pensez-vous ? what are you thinking of 

De quoi parlez-vous? what are you speaking of 

Le but oii j'aspire ; the point which I aim at 

Le siecic oQ nous vivons ; the age wc live in 

D'oii vient votre frere ? whence dots your brother come 

Quel livre lisez-vous ; what hook di> yuu read 

De quelle femme parlez-vous 7 what woman do you speak of 

Quels sont vos sentirnens 1 what arc your sentiments 

Quelles ^tranges nouvellcs? what strange news arc these 

Lequel aimez-vous lemieux de ces deux tabieaui 1 which of these two pictures do you lik* ottiJ 

Avtrf. laquelle de ces dames avez-vous dans6 1 with which of those ladies did you dance? 
Ce, ms. (before a consonant) this, that; Ce chapeau ; this, that hat 
Cel. ms. (before a vowel or an h nmie) Cet homme, cet oiseau ; this man, that bird 

this, that; 
Ceue,f3. this, that; Cette ann6e, this year 

Ces, cp. these, those; Ces hommes, ces femmes ; men, women 

N. B. Ce, cet, cetle, ces, are always joined to a noun. 
Celui qui, he who; Celui qui parle ; he who speaks 

Ceile qui, she who; Celle qui chanle ; s/ie who sings • 

Ceux qui, Ihey who; 
Celles qui, they who; 
Celui-ci, VIS. this; 
Celui-la, ms. that; 
Ceux-ci, mp. these; 
Ceux-la, those; 
Celle-ci,/s. this; 
Celle-la, that; 
Celles-ci, fp. these; 
Celies-Ia, those; 

Ce qui, ms. thai which; 
Ce que, ms. that which; 

Ceci, ms. this, this iking; 
Cela, vis. that, that thing; 

Ceux qui travaillent ; work 
Celles qui chanlent ; sing 
Prenez celui-ci ; take this 
Vendez celui-la , sell that 
Prenez ceux-ci ; take these 
Vendez ceux-la ; sell those 
Gardez celli-ci ; keep this 
Donnez celle-la ; give that 
Gardez celles-ci ; keep these 
Donnez celles-la ; give those 

Ce qui plait; that which pleases 
Ce que je dis ; that which I say 
Prenez-ceci ; take this 

^.v., ,..„. .. , .,.„. --'"6, Donnez-uioi cela; give me that 

N. B. a and la are added, to point at the object more forcibly, or to mark the distance. Ez. 
Voyez-vous ces livresl prenez ceux-ci, & laissez ceux-la; Do you see those books? take these here 
and leave those. Prenez celui-ci, &, je prendrai celui-la ; take the nearest, and I will take the far- 


( ce qui is always the tubjeei, 
< and cc que always the object 

' the verb. 

Chaque, cs. each, every; {is al- 
ways joined to a noun.) 
(Jhacun, S7n. chacune, fs. each; 
(is never joined to a noun with- 
out the preposition de) 
Q,uelque, cs. quelques, cp. some; 
{is always joined to a noun) 
(iuelqu'un, vts. quelqu'une, fs. 
quclques-uns, mp. quelques-unes, 
fp. some one, some ones; {is ne- 
ver joined to a noun without the 
preposition de) 
Quiconque, cs. whoever; 
Quelconque, cs. any, whatever; 
rersoniio, with ne, ms. nobody; 
Personne, ms. any body; 
On, cs. one, somebody, thaj, we, 
people, ?«e«— And it is oftener 
chanced into a passive verb. 
En, cs. and cp. of it, of him, of 
mr, of them, any, some, like, in, 
away, d,-c. 

I am aware that these two useful particles do not properly belong to tlie indeterminate pro 
nouns, iior even can be considered as pionouns in many of their meanings; but as they generjilly 
have no settled significatiori of themselves, unless their antecedents be ascertained, I thought they 
njjght, without any great impropriety, bo classed among the indeterminate parts of speech. 


The au.xiliary verb AVOIR, to have, to possess. 
'Present, avoir; Qerund, a-y^ni; 

to have paving 

Chaque pays, chaque mode ; every country has its customs 
Chaque homme, chaque femme ; man, woman 
Chacun le dit ; every one says «o— chacune de ces femmes ; each 
of these women 

Quelque traitre vous vendrn ; some traitor will betray you — J'ai 

quelqueamis; I have some friends 
Quelqu'un viendra; somebody will coTWC—Parlez a quel'qu'unc 

de ces dames ; speak to one of those Zadies— Quelques-uns de 

ces homnies, quelques-unes de ces femmes ; some of those men, 

those women 

Quiconque le dit a tort ; whoever says so is wrong 
Vn livre quelconque ; any book 
Personne ne I'aime; nobody likes him 
Personne le croit-il ? docs any body believe it? 
On le dit ; one, somebody says so; wc, people say so; it is said 
so — On halt les tyrans ; tyrants are hated 

Y cs. and cp. to it, to him, to her, to them, to that, there, thither 

Participle en, eue ; ens, eues. 
bad ms. fs. mp. fn. 



Present Tense, I have. 

Compound Tcnset. ^ 

S. J'ai, I have; tu as, thoxi hast; il a, he has; elle a, sAc his; on a, o?/c .T'ai eii, I have had, S,-c. — 

has; mon frere a, my brother has; Tlie compound tenses are 

PL. Nous avon3, we Aace; vous avez, yp Aape; ils onl, t/te?/ Aace; elles firmed in adding tlie />ar 

ont, they have; mes freres ont, mg brothers haoe. tjc'j;/e to the simple tenses. 

Imperfect, I had. 
J'avois, tu avois, iJ avoit ; nous avions, vous aviez, ils avoient— J'avois eu 
Preterite or Definite Tense, I had (at such a time.) 
J'eus, tu eus, il eut ; nous eiimes, vous eiices, ils eurent— J'eus eu 

Future, I shall or will have. 
J'aurai, auras, aura ; nous aurons, aurez, auront — J'aurai eu 

Conditional, I would, could, should have. 
J'aurois, aurois, auroit; nous aurions, auriez, auroient — J'aurois eu 

Present, that I have or may have. 
Que j'aie, tu aies, il ait ; nous ayoas, vous ayez, ils aient — J'aie eu 

Preterite, tliat I had or might have. 
Que j'eusso, eusses, eut; nous eussions, eussiez, cussent — J'cusse eu 


Alej have thou; qu'il ait, let him have; qu'clle ait, let her have; ayons, let us have; ayez, have yef 

qu'ils aient, let them have. 

The auxiliary Verh ETRE, to be, to exist. 


Eire, to 6e; ttunt, being; ayanltik, having been; 6t6, Jeen. 

INDICATIVE. Compound Tense*. 

I am. Je suis, tu es, il est; somnies, fetes, sont — J'ai 6l6 

I was. J'6toi3, 6tois, 6toit; 6iions, 6tiez, ttoient, — J'avois 6t6 

J was. Je fu3, fus, fut; fiirnes, futcs, furent — J'eus 6t6 

J will be. Je serai, seras, sera ; rons, rez, ront — J'anrai3 6t6 

/ wouJd be. Je serois, seroia, seroit ; serions, riez, roient — J'aurois 6t6 


TTiat Imaybe. Q,ueje8ois,soi9, soit; soyons, soyez, soient — J'aie 6t6 

Thatlmightbe. Que jefusse, fusses, fut; 8sion,ssiez,»cnt— J'eusse fet6 


Be thou. So\s, qu'il soit ; soyons, soyez, qu'ils soient. 

Examples of ferbs used interrogatively and negatively. 

Jim I? Suta-jel es-tu? est-il? mon frere esl-il? aim^s ? etis-vous aimes ? wjnt-ils aim6s ? mes 

Bommes-nous 1 fetes- vous 7 sont-ils 1 mes freres freres soni-ils airaes ? 

8ont-il9? Have J loved? Ai-je aim6 ? as-tu aimfe ? a-t-il 

Havel? Ai-je 1 as-tu 1 a-t-il 1 mon frere a-t-ill aimfe 7 mon frere a-i-il ain)6 7 avons-nou» 
Avons-nousi avez-vous7 ont-ils? mes freres aim6 7 avez-vous aime t ontils aim6 ? mes 
ont-ils 1 freres ont-ils aimd- 7 

.am I loved ? Snis-je aim6 7 cs-tu aim6 7 est-il / am not. Je ne suis pas, tu n'es pas, il n'est paa. 
aim6 7 mon frere est-il aim6 7 Bommes-noua 


hio!) frJre n'est pas; nous ne sommes pas, 
vous n'etes pas, ils ne sont pas, me.s fieres ne 
sont pas. 

f k.ioe not. Je n'ai pas, tu n'as pas, il n'a pas, 
uioii frere n'a pas; nous n'avoiis pas, vous 
u'avez {las, ils n'ont pas, mes freres if ont pas. 

f am not feared. Je ne suis pas craiiit, tu a'es 
pas craint, il n'est pas ciaiiit, niou frere n'est 
pascraiat; nous no soinmcs pas craints, vous 
n'etes pas craints, ils ne sonl pas craints, mes 
fteres ne sont pas craints. 

f have not feared. Je n'ai pas craint, tu n'as pas 
craiut; il n'a pas craint, mon frere n'a pa^ 

craint; itous n avons pas craint, vous n avez 
pas craint, ils n'ont pas craint, mes freresn'onl 
pas craint. 

jim I not feared. Ne &ui3-je pas craint 1 n'es-tu 
pas craint"? n'est-il pas craint 7 mon frere n'est- 
il pas craint? ne somnies-nous pas craints? 
n'etes-vous pas craints 1 ne sont-ils pas craints ? 
mes freres ne sont-ils pas craints 1 

Have I not feared. N'ai-je pas craint? n'as-tu 
pas craint? n'a-t-il pas craint? mon frere n'a- 
t-il pas craint? n'avons-nous pas craint? n'a- 
vez-vous pas craint? n'ont-ils pas craint? mts 
freres n'ont-ils pas craint? — Jlnd so of any verb. 

Verbs endins; in e mute in the first person singular of the indicative, clianj^e it into e— J'aiine, / 
looe; aim6-je 1 do I love ? 


A verb is regular when all its tenses derive from the infinitive, or from the gerund ; theretbre tlie 
conjugations in enir and evoir, usually classed among the regular verbs, are irregular 

e admit, in this introduction, three regular conjugations. 

1st. — in er, ant, 6, — donner, don riant, donne t' 

ir, issant, i, — punir, punissant, puni 
ir, ant, i, — sentir, sentant, senti 
re, ant, u, — vendre, vendant, vendu 
uire, uisant, uit, — conduire, conduisant, condui 
indre, ignant, inl, — ^joindre, jolgnanl, joint 
{ oitre, oissant, u, — paioitre, paroissant, paru 
Many verb:?, -with these terminations, are however irregular, as wiiLlie seen afterwards. 

e la; 

2d. branching into 

3d. branching into ■ 

All verbs, eitJ^er regular or irregular, agree together in forming the last syllable of most of their 
tenses; as will clearly appearirom the following Paradigm, which nearly reduces all the conjuga- 
tions to one. 


To show the Similarity of the French Fcrbs, in the final Syllables. 


Present, er 

ir, oir 


parle, agir, devoir, rendre 

Gerund, ant, m all verbs ; 





e, i, u. 

t, 3, 

parl6, a 

„n, dil, fait, mis 















J'aiine, es, e 


< s, 






Je sens, s, t 






ent ; 

Je vends, s, d 






Je veux, X, t 








Je donnois, je sentoia 

r ai, 






Je donnai, j'aimai 







irenl ; 

J'agis, je fis 






urent ; 

Je recus, je sus 




i limes. 



Je tins, je vins 




ra; . 




Je devrai, j'aimerai 







roieiit ; 

Je deviois, j'aimerois 






ent ; 

J'aiine, je eente 







ssenl ; 

J'aimasse, je senlisse 


\ e, < quil 



qu'il d( 


I Jo thou. 

o _-~ 

i 9, |e 

; oris, 

ez, ent, 


qu'il list; 

Some persois of the verbs avoir, ftre, aUcr, fait 
Paradigm, as may be seen in their conjugation. 

concaincrc, and raincrc, deviate from this 



A regular verb keeps its radical letters through all its conjugation. 

The radical letters of a verb are tliose which stand before Uie ending common to all the verbs 
of the same conjugation. Thus, in donncr, ag-ir, the syllables donn and ng are the radical letters. 
So that, wlien you want to conjugate a verb after a model given to you, observe which are the 
radical letters of botli verbs, and add to the radical letters of your verb (according to the tense and 
person you want) the ending which is after the radical letters of tJie model proposed to you. Ex. 
Suppose I want the first person plural of etudier for the preterite, and that donner be the model 
proposed to me in the grammar. I begin wiiJi observuig Uiat the conjugation being in er, the 
radical letters of the verbs are eiudi and donn; I look at the conjugation of donner; and find donn- 
dmes for tlie place required. I take dmes which stands after the radical letters, and I place it after 
etudi, which gives me etudidmes, the word required. — This, well understood, will much facilitat* 
the conjugation of the French verbs. 

. Regular Conjugations in ER, ANT, E. 


Donner, to give; donnant, giving ; donn6, 6e; 6s, 6es, given. 

P. Igive^ 1 1 

Im. / did 

' gice, I am Je, 

Donn-e, es, 

o^rf, / was Donn-ois, ois, 
giving, I gave. 

Pret. / gave, I have Donn-ai, as, 


P. I will or shall give. Donn-erai, eras. 







Compouxd Tenses. 

— J'ai donne 
— J'avois donn6 

ames, atcs, erenl — J'eus donr,6 




-J'aurai donn^ 
-J'ai;rois donn6 

C. I would, could, should Donn-erois, erois, eroji; 
give. * 

Pr. That I may give, Que je, que tu, qu'il; que nous, que vous, qu'ils 

that I give. Donn-e, es, e; ions, iez, ent — J'aie donni* 

Pret. That I might give, Donn-asse, asses, at , assions, assicz, assent — J'eusse donn* 

thit I gave. 

Donne, qu'il donne, donnons, donnez, qu'ils donnent, 

givclhoxi, let him give, let us ^ivc., give ye, let them give. 

Tlie verbs in gen; add an e nmte to tlie ending, whenever iho g meets before an a or a ; there- 
fore WTi'e nous mangeons, nous mangednie^ ; and not nous mangons, nous muvgdmcs. — The verbs 
ending in cer, and cevoir, change die c into c before the vowels, a, o, u. — Je regois, nous commen 
{iimes, il recut. 

II. Regular Conjugation in IR, ISS.\NT, I. 
N. B. As the English verbs have but three variations, we cease repeating the English word far- 
ther than the infinitive. TIm» signs may easily be collected from the preceding conjugation. 
INF. Punir, to punish; punissant, jjmw/^A'w o-,- puni, e; is, ies. punished. 







Compound Tense* 







— J'ai {Mini 

Imp. Pun-issois, 






— J'avois puni 

Pret. Pnn-is, 






— J'eu&puni 

Fut. Pun-irai, 






— J'aurai puni 

Condit. Pun-irois, 


iroit ; 




— J'aurois puni 

SUBJ. Pr. Que je, 

que tu. 


que nous, 

que vous, 








— J'aie puni 

Prrt. Pun-isse, 






—J'eusse puni 

IMP. Punis, 

qu'il punisse ; 



qu'ils punissen:. 

So are conjugated upwards of 200 verbs in cjV, <i*>, gir, mir, nir, tir, &,c. 
•lugir, affermir, Iburnir, avertir. 

III. Regular Conjugation in IR, ANT, I. 
INF. Sentir, to smell; sentant, smelling; senti, ie ; is, ies, smelt. 

-Durcir, applaudir, 







Compound Tenses 







— J'ai senti 








— J'avois senti 








— J'eus senti 








— J'aurai senti 




iroit ; 




— J'aurois sent! 

SUBJ. Pr.aueje, ' 

que tu, 


que nous. 

que vous. 








— J'aie senti 








— J'eusse senti 



qu'il sente; 



qu'il's sentent. 

N. B. The verbs of this conjugation, ending in tir, drop their t in the first and second person 
singular of tlie indicative present; and the other verbs drop the letter they have before jr, iu tlie 
tluee persons sing, of the same tense— Parfj'r; je pars, ta pars, il part. — Dormir; je dors, tu dors, 
il dort. — Servir; je sers, tu sers, il sert. 

So are conjugated the following Vcrhs. 



j'ai consenii 

to consent 



j'ai dementi 

—give the lie 



j'ai desservi 

—clear the table, hurt 



j'ai dormi 




j'ai endormi 

—lull asleep 



je me suis endoraii 

—fall asleep 



j'ai menli 


Parti r, 


je suis, et j'ai parti 

— set oiit 



j'ai presseijti 

— foresee 



j'ai redormi 

—slerp again 

!;e rendormir 

se rendormant, 

je me suis rendormi 

—fall asleep again 

^- Repartir, 


je suis & j'ai reparti 

— set out again; reply 

f5e repentir, 

se repentant. 

je me suis rcpenti 

— repent 



j'ai ressenti 

— resent 

'" Ressortir, 


je suis ressorti 

— go out arrain 



j'ai senti 

-smell, feel 



j'ai servi 


Se servir, 

se servant, 

je me suis servi 

—make use of 



je suis <fc j'ai sorti 

—go out 

* R(>partir, 

r6partis6ant, to distribute; 

* ressortir, ressortissant, to brlon 

g to, arc conjugated like 


IV Regular 

Conjugation in RE, ANT, U. 


Vendre, to s< It; 

vciidant, selling; vendu, no ; us 

ues, sdIiI. 

IND. Pr.^o 


tu, il; 

nous, vous, ils 

Compound Tenses 



vends, vend 

; v.nd-ons, ez, cot 

—J ai vendu 

Iwp. Vend-ois, 

ois, oit; 

ions, iez, oicnt 

— J'avois vendu 

PrH Vt 


iii, it ; 

imes, ins, in nt 

— ,1'fiis vendu 

Fut. Vf 


ra-j, ra ; 

rons, try., rr-lil 

.I'.-iiiriii xciuiii 

CnmJ V< 


r()i«, roif : 

ri( ns, ricz, joif-u 

J'aurois \en<!u 

SIJBJ. Pr. ft< 


que tu, qii'i! 

; que nous, cjtii: vntis, ijirils 


fS, r ; 

inns, !.-/., .'lit 

— J'nic vendu 

Pret. \i 


i.-scs, it ; 

ispioits, yf\i-7, i.-scif 

— J'cirsso vendu 

IMP. V. 


qu'i! vrnde; 

vendi IIS, veudez, qu'iis 



So are conjugated the following Verbs. 
N. B. The verbs asterisk liave a slight irregularity in iheir orthography. Battrt and itk 
derivatives lose one t in lire iJiree persons of the indicative pr. sing, and 2d sing, iinperat. — Je bats 
tu bats, il bat; bats. — Romprc and its derivatives add t to p, for the tliird person sing, indicat. pr. 
— II rompt, coiTompt, interrompt. 

ahattant, j'ai abattu to pull down 

attendant, j'ai attendu — expect or wish for 

battant, j'ai battu —beat 

combattant, j'ai combaltu —fight 

condescendant, j'ai condescendu — comply 

confondant, j'ai confondu confound 

corrompant, j'ai corrompu ^corrupt 

d6battant, j'ai dtbattu —argue 

descendant, j'ai descendu — come dotcn 

s'ebatiant, je me suis 6battu — play about 

6tendant, j'ai 6tendu — spread 

entendant, j'ai entendu — hear 

fcndant, j'aifendu — cleave 

fondant, j'ai fondu —melt 

interronipant j'ai interrompu —interrupt 

mordant, j'ai mordu —bite 

morfondant, j'ai morfbndu —chill 

pendant, j'ai pendu —hang 

perdant, j"ai perdu — lose 

pondant, la poule a pondu —lay eggt 

pr6tendant, j'ai pr^tendu — pretend 

rabattant, j'ai ra'uattu — bate 

rebattant, j'ai rebattu — beat again 

refondant, j'ai reCnndu — melt again 

rendant, j'ai rendu — render, restore 

r^pandant, j'ai r6pandu — spill, spread 

r^pondant, j'ai r6pondu — answer 

rompant, j'ai rompu — break 

tendant, j'ai tendu —bend, tend 

tondant, j'ai tondu — shear 

vendant, j'ai vendu — sell 

V. Regular Conjugation in UIRE, UISANT, UIT. 


Cond-uire, to conduct; conduisant; conduit, uite; uits, uites. 


A itendre, 



Condescend re 






V: tend re, 













Re fond re, 









Compound Tenses 














—J'ai conduit 




uisoit ; 




— J'avois conduit 








— J'eus conduit 








— J'aurai conduit 


. Cond-uirois, 






— J'aurois conduil 



Que je. 

que tu, 


que nous. 

que vous. 








— J'aie condu 




uisit ; 




— J'eusse conduit 


Conduis, qu'il conduise; conduisons, uis. z, qu'ils conduisent 


So are conjugated the following Verbs. 



j'ai construit 

to construct 



j'ai cuit 




j'ai d6duit 

— deduct 



j'ai dt^truit 




j'ai enduit 

— plaster 



j'ai induit 




j'ai instruit 

— instruct 



j'ai introduit 

—bring in 



j'ailui, (no«) 

— shine 



j'ai nui, (no t) 
j'ai produit 




— product 



j'ai reconduit 

• — reconduct 



j'ai recuit 

— bake again 



j'ai r6diiit 

— reduce 



j'ai relui, (no t) 




j'ai st^duit 
j'ai traduit 

— scdiice 



— translate 

VI. Re/rular Conjugation in INDRE, IGNANT, INT. 

INF, Joindre, joignant ; joint, e : s, es, to join. 

TND. Pr. Je, 

tUj il; 

nous, vous, 

ils Compound Tenset 


joins, joint ; 

jo-ignons, ignez, 

ignent —J'ai joint 

Imp. Jo-ignois, 

ignois, ignoit ; 

ignions, igniez, 

iL'noient — J'avois joint 

Pret. Jo-ignis, 

ignis, ignit ; 

ignJmes, ignites, 

ignirent —J'eus joint 

Flit. Jo-indrai, 

indras, ijidra; 

indrons, indrez, 

indront —J'anrai joint 

Cbnd. Jo-indrois, 

indrois, indroit; 

indrions, indriez, 

indroient — J'aurois joint 

BUB. Prct. aneje, 

que tu, qu'il ; 

que nous, que vous. 



ignes, igne ; 

ignions, igniez, 

ignent — J'aiejoint 

Pret. Jx)-ignisse, 

ignisses, ignit; 

ignissions, ignissiez, 

ignissent —J'eusse joint 

IMPER. Joins, qu 

il joigne ; joignons, joignez, qu'ils joignent. 

So are conjugated the folloicing Verbs. 


ast reign ant. 

J'ai astrient 

to oblige, force 



j'ai atteint 

— rearh 



j'ai aveint {obsolete) 




j'ai ceint 




j'ai contraint 




j'ai craiiit 




j'ai enceint 




j'ai enfreint 




j'ai enjoint 

— prrscribe 



j'ai 6teint 

— put out 



j'ai feint 




j'ai oint {obsolete) 

— anoint 



' 'ai pejnt 

—pain, draw 



'ai plaint 


Poindre, to dawn, to hurt; il poindra, he will hurt (obpolfte') 



j'ai rostreint 




j'ai teint 

—dye, colour 

VII. Regular Conjugnt.ton in OITRE, OISSANT, U. 
INF. Paroiire, paroissanf ; paru, ue; us, ucs; to appear. 
IND. Pr Je, m, il ; nous, vous, ils Compound Tenscat 

Par-ois, ois, oit; oissons, oissez, oifsent —J'ai paru 

Imp. Par-oissois, oissois, cissoit; oissiuns, oissiez, oissoient — J'avois paru 


Pret. Par-US, 
Fut. Par-oiuai, 
Cond. Par-oitrois, 
SUB. Pr. aue je, 
Pret. Par-usse, 

que tu, 



oitroit ; 







que noud, 






que vous, 









IMPER. Parois, qu'il paroisse ; paroissons, paroissez, qu'ils paroissent. 

— J'eus paru 
— J'aurai paxu 
— J'aurois pan» 

— J'aic para 
— J'euese paru 











So arc conjugated the following Verbs. 

j'ai accru to increase 

j'ai apparu —appear 

comparoissant, j'ai couiparu —appear (in lawj 

connoissant, j'ai counu — know 

croissant, j'ai cru — grojo 

d6croissant, j'ai decru — decrease 

disparoissant, j'ai disparu — disappear 

ni6connoissant, j'ai nitconnu —forget 

reconnoissant, j'ai recounu — remember 

recroi^ant, j'ai recru —grow again 

* In croUre and its derivatives, tlie letters ot sound oc; and in the other verbs in oitrc, XijC sfune 
letters oi have the simple sound of the vowel c. Many people change o'l into ai, in the latter cose, 

Let the Learner observe carefully that the compound tenses of the reflected verbs are formed in 
French^^by the verb etre (to be) and not as tln^y an.' in English by the verb avoir 'to have.) 

INF. Se lever, 
to rise, 

se levant, 

s'^iant lf:v6, 6e; fes 
kacing risen. 


IND. Pr. 

[ rise; I am rising. 
IMP. / did rise; I 

teas rising. 
Pret. I rose, I did 

Fut. f shall or will 

Condll. I icould or 

should rise. 

Compound Tenses. 
Je me suis Iev6, 
/ have risen. 
Je m'etois Iev6, 
I had risen. 

\ Je me leve, tu te I6ves, il se leve ; nous nous le- 

\ vons, vous vous levez, ils se levent. 

\ Je me levois, tu te levois, il se levoit; nous nous 

\ levions, vous vous levicz, ils se levoient. 

^ Je me levai, tu te leva.?, il se leva; nous nousle- ^ Je me fus lev6, 

J vames, vous vous levfiles, ilsse lev6rent. ^ I had risen. 

^ Je me leverai, tu te levera.*, il se levcra; nous i Je me serai lev6, 

\ nous k'veron.^, vous vous levercz, ilsse leveront. \ I will have risen. 

j Je me leverois, tu te le\erois, il se Icveroit; r.ous I Je me serois levC, 

I nous leverions, vous vous ieveriez, ils se leveroient. ) / would have risen 

SL'fU. Pr. That I j Que je me leve, que tuteleves, qu'il se leve; nous ^ Je nie sois Iev6, 

n'sp, or may rise. ( nous levions, vous vous leviez, ilsse levent. \ I may have risen. 

Pret. That I might \ Uue je mc leva.sse, tu te levasses, ils se lev;\t ; nous ) Je me fusse leve, 

rise; that f ruse. ^ nous levassions,vous vous Ievassiez,ils8elevass€nt. S I had risen. 
IMPER. Leve-loi, qu'U se leve; levons-nous, Icvez-vous, qu'ils se levent. 

IMPERSONAL VERBS, II y a; il faut 

II y a, Ihirf is, there are; 

II y a on, tierc has been, or have been; 

II y avoii, il y avoit eu ; il y eut, il y eut eu ; 

n y aura, il y aura eu ; il y auroit; il y auroit 

eu ; qu'il y ait, qu'il y ait eu; qu'il y cut; qu'il 

y cut eu. 

Y a-t-il : is there, are there? y a-t-il eu 1 has 
thrre been, have there been? U n'y a pas, there is 

not, there arc not; il n'y a pas eu, there has not 
been, there hare not been. — N'y a-t-il pas? is not 
there, are not th^re? n'y a-t-il pas eu 1 has not 
there been, have not there been ? 

il faut, one must, it 7nust, it is necessary; il a 
fallu ; il failoit, il avoit fallu ; il fallut, !l eul 
fallu; il faudra, il aura fallu; il faudroit, il 
auroit fallu, qu'il faille, qu'il ait fallu; qu'il 
fallut, qu'il efit faWu—I must go to Paris, il faut 
que j'aille a Paris ; you must go to Paris, il faut 


que vous alliez k Paris— This verb is not imper 

Bonai in English, and it always requires the sab- 

junaive in French, after the conjunction que. 

11 y a un honime, there is a man; 

II y a des honinies, there are men — 

And so on througliout this verb, in which the 

themselves, or only with one or two derivatives 
— The lormer we shall class according to the ter 
mination of their inlinitive, gerund, and partici- 
ple ; and of the latter we shall give an alphabe- 
tical list. 
N. B. Where only the first person of a tense 

singular in French answers to the singular and is given, the other persons may easily be known 
plural in English. ~ 

by \.\\e paradigm, p. xxii. Thxisfiraiijebus, &c. 
look fur tile future and preterite in the paradigm. 
and you will easily add ; tu iras-, il ira; lu bus, 
it but, &c. 

The leading irregular verbs ate— f aire, icrire, 

dire, tenir, devoir, mettre, courir,prendrefCOur)rir. 

I. Class of irregular Verbs from FAIRE, FAISANT, FAIT. 

FAIRE, faisant, fait, j'ai fait ; to do, make. 

e fais, fais, fait ; faisons, faites, font. Je faisois ; fis ; ferai ; ferois; 

fasse; fisse. Fais qu'il fasse; faisons, faites, qu'ils fassent. 

contrefaisant, j'ai contrefait to counterfeit 

defaisant, j'ai d6fait — undo 

only and forfait forfeit 

parfaisant, j'ai parfait — complete 

red6faisant, j'ai red6fait — undo again 

satisfaisant, j'ai satisfait — satisfy 

surfaisant, j'ai surfait — ask too much 

U. Class of irregular Verbs in CRIRE, CRIVANT, CRIT. 
ECRIRE, (icrivant, 6crit, j'ai 6crit; to lorite. 
J'6cris, tu 6cris, ecrit ; 6crivons, 6crivez, 6crivent; j'6crivois; 6crivis; ^crirai ; ^crirois. 
Que j'6crive; 6crivisse; 6cris ; qu'il ecrive; 6crivons, ectivez, qu'ils 6crivent. 

Among the irregular verbs some have many 
derivatives; that is, other verbs which have the 
same irregularities. Several stand irregular of 
























j'ai cnconscrit 
j'ai d^crit 
j'ai inscrit 
j'ai prescrit 
j'ai proscrit 
j'ai r6crit 
j'ai souscrit 
j'ai transcrit 

to circumscribe 
— describe 
— inscribe 
— prescribe 
— proscribe 
— write again 
— subscribe 
— transcribe 

Je dis, dis, dit 

III. Clasf of irregular Verbs in IRE, ISANT, IT. 
DIRE, disant, dit; j'ai dit; to say, tdl. 

; disons, ditt's, disent. Jedisois; dis; dirai ; dirois. Queje dise; 
disse. Dis, qu'il dise ; disons, ditcs, qu'ils disent. 
confisant, j'ai confit, to preserve fruit 

contredisant, j'ai contredit — contradict 

sc dedisant, jc me suis d6dit — unsay 

interdisant, j'ai interdit, —forbid 

m^disant, j'ai medit, — slander 

prf'idisant, j'ai pr6dit, — foretell 

redisant, j'ai redit — say again 



Se d6dire,* 





* The six verbs with an asterisk, m.akc dtsez in the second person plural of tlie indicative pre- 
sent, and the same person imperative ; vous cotifiscz, vuus contredisez. 

rV. Class of irregular Verbs in ENIil, EN ANT, ENU. 
Tenir, tenant, tenu, j'ai tenu ; to hold. 

Je tiens, tiens, tienl; tenons, tenez, tiennent. Jo lenois; tins; tiendrai ; tiendrois. Queje 

l-ienne. iennes. icnnc 





Con ten ir, 













Se ressouvenir, 






t-cnions, eniez, iennent ; tinsse. Tiens, qu'il tienne; tenons, tonez, qu'Uf 

B'abstenant, je me suis abstenu to abstain 

appartenant, j'ai appartenu — belong 

avenant, il est avenu — happen 

conienaiit, j'ai contenu — contain 

contrevenant, j'ai contrevenu — oppose 

convenant, je suis convenu — ag^ree 

deienant, j'ai detenu — detain 

devenant, je suis devenu — become 

disconvenant, je suis disconvenu — detiy 

entietenant, j'ai entretenu — keep vp 

intervenant, je suis iniervenu — intervene 

maintenant, j'ai niaintenu — maintain 

oblenant, j'ai obieuu — obtain 

parsenant, je suis panenu — attain 

pr6venant, j'aipr6venu —anticipate 

provenant, je suis provenu — come from 

se ressouvenant, je me suis ressouvenu — recollect 

retenant, j'airetenu — retain 

revenant, je suis revenu —come back 

soutenant, j'ai soutenu — support 

subvenant, j'ai subvenu — come by chance 

venant, je suis venu — come 
* Convenir, in the sense of to suit, takes avoir in its compound lenses. Ex. Cettc maieon m's 

convenu, & je suis convenu du prLx; that house suited vie, and J have agreed about the pncc. 

French ^cad. 

V. Class of irregular Verbs in evoir, evant, u. 
Devoir, devant, du, j'ai du ; to ove, to be obliged. 

Je dois, dois, doit ; devons, devez, doivent- Je devois ; dus ; devrai ; devrois ; Que je d-oive,oive« 
oive; d-evions, eviez, oivent; dusse. Dois, qu'il doive; devons, devez, qu'ils doivent. 
.\ppercevoir, apperccvant, j'aiapporcu to discover 

concevant, j'ai cuucu — conceive 

dtcevant, j'ai decu — deceive 

percevant, j'ai per^u —obtain 

j'ai recu 

Red evoir, 


J ai re 


-owe still 

Je mets, tu met 

meite ; misse. 





Se d^niettre 








VI. Class of irregular Verbs from METTRE, METTA>'T, MIS. 

s, il met; meltons, mettez, mettent. Je mettois, mis; mettrai; mettrolH. 

Slets, qu'il mctte ; mettons, mettez, qu'fls mettent. 






BC d6mettant, 








j'ai admis 

j'ai commis 

j'ai comiiromis 


je me suis d^mis 

je me suis entremia 


j'ai permis 

j'ai promia 

j'ai remis 

j'ai souniis 

j'ai iran.>^niia 

to admit 

— commit 


— remote 

—resign, put out 

— mediate 

— omit 



— replace, deliver 

— submit 

— convey 


VII. Class of irregular Verbs from COURIR, COURANT, COURU. 
COURIR, courant, couiu, j'ai couru ; to run. 
Je coins, cours, court ; courons, couiez, coureut. Jecouiois; courus; couirai; courrois. Queje 
coure ; courusse. Cours, qu'il coure ; courous, courez, qu'ila couient. 















je suis -accouru 
j'ai concouru 
j'ai discouru 
j'ai encouru 
j'ai parcouru 
j'ai recouru 
j'ai secouru 

to run to 
— concur 
— discourse 
— ijicur 
— run over 
— recur to 
— help 

to learn 

— understand 

— unlearn 


— mistake 

— take back, blame 

— surjjrise 

Vin. Class of irregular Verbs from PRENDRE, PRENANT, PRIS. 

PRENDRE, prenant, pris, j'ai pris; to take. 

Je prends, prends, prend ; prenons, prenez, prennent. Je prenois; pris; prendrai prendrois. Q,ue 

je prenn-e, es, e ; pren-ions, iez, prennent ; prisse. Prends, qu'il prenne ; prenons, prenez, qu'ils 


Apprendre, apprenant, j'ai appris 

Coniprendre, comprenant, j'ai compris 

D6sapprendre, d6sapprenant, j'ai dtsappris 

Enlreprendre, entreprenant, j'ai entrepris 

Se mtprendre, se m6prenant, je me suis m^pris 

Rtpreiidre, reprenant, j'ai repris 

isurprendre, surprenant, j'ai surpris 

IX. Class of irregular Verbs in IR, ANT, ERT. 
COUVRIR, couvrant, convert, j'ai convert; to cover. 
Je couvre, couvres. couvre, couvrons, couvrez, couvrent. Je couvrois, couvris, couvrirjii, couvri* 
rois. Que je couvre, couvrisse. Couvre, qu'il coiivre ; couvrons, couvrez, qu'ils couvrent 
D6couvrir, d6couvrant, j'ai d6couvert to discover 

Entr'ouvrir, entr'ouvrant, j'ai'ouvert — open a little 

M6sofffir, m6soffrant, j'ai m^soffert —underbid 

Offrir, offrant, j'ai otiert —offer 

Ouvrir, ouvrant, j'ai ouvcrt — open 

Recouvrir, recouvrant j'ai recouveit — cover up 

R'ouvTir, r'ouvrant, j'ai r'ouvert — open again 

Souffrir, Bouffrant, j'ai souffert —suffer 

Of the irregular Verbs which cannot be classed. 
N. B. The a.sterisk (*) announces a verb defective in tlie tenses wliich are not mentioned. The 
obpIi-^l< and asterislt together (t*) point at a verb at once defective and obsolete. 

We have omitted the imperative mood, the tl)ird persons of which are supplied by the pr. of the 
subjunctive ; and the otliers by the pr. of the indicative, Ex. acquires, quii acquiere ; acqu6rons, 
acquerez, qu'ils acquierent. 

* Absoudre, to absolve; absolvant; absous, ab- 
souto; j'ai alisous. J'absous, absous, absout, 
nous absolvons, absolvez, absolvent. J'absolvois, 
alisoudrai, absoudrois. Que j'absolve.— /»^7Jl^ceH- 
ler supplies it 

AccMvWWx, to welcome; accueillant, accueilli ; 
j'ai acrueilli. J'accueille; accueillois; accucillis; 
accueillerai ; accueillerois. Que j'accueille ; ac- 

* Arcrolre is only used in the infinitive uith the 

Abstraire, to abstract; abstrait, j'ai abstrait. hdp of fairc ; a.«, faire accroiro, en fnire ncrroiro, 

J'abstrais, ais, ait, nous abstrayons, ayez, aient. to dccrivr; s'en ftiirc accroire, fo be srlf-(o»niie,l 

J'ahstraiiai— rois; the defective tenses are sup- Arqucrir, to nrquirr; arqii^rnnt, arrpiis, jni 

;;;/>(/*«/ faire abstraction. acquis, J'ncquiers, Wra, iert, nous nrqu* rone, 

acqu<^rcz, acquierent. J'acqu6rois; acquis ;ac- 
querrai; acqufirois. Que j'acquiere, ieres, iere; 
acqu6rioiio, eriez, ierent, acqiiisse. 

AJler, to go; allant, allC ; etre all6, avoir 6t6. 
Je vais, lu va^, il va; nous aliens, ailez, .voiit. 
J'allois; allai or fus; irai ; irois. Q,ue j'aille, 
aill(s, aille ; allions, alliez, allient ; allasse. 

t* Apparoir, to be evidctU, (in law.) 11 appcrt, 
it is'cvidcnt. 

Assaillir, to assault; assaillani, assailli; j'ai 
assailli. J'ai-saill-e, es, e; irons a&sailions, fz, 
cnt. J'ass^aillois; assaillis; assaillirai , assailli- 
rois. Que j'as^aille , assailliBse ; 

S'asseoir, to sit down; s'assejant, je me suis 
assis. Je m'assieds, tu I'assieds, il s'assied ; nous 
nous "ass6yons, 6yez, eyent. Je nf asseyois, je 
m'assis, je m'assierai, je m'assiOrois. Que je 
ni'asseye ; je in'assisse — Grammarians cio uot 
agree about tlie oiUiugraphy of tills verb; we 
follow here the French Jicad. 

Boire, to drink; buvant, bu, j'ai bu. Je bois, 
bois, bolt ; nous Imv-ons, ez, boi vent. Je buvois ; 
bus; boiiai; boirois. Que jc boiv-e, es, e; bu- 
vions, iez, boivent ; biisse. 

Bouillir, to boil; bouillant, bouiili; j'ai bouilli. 
Je bous, bous, bout: nous bouillons, ez, ent; je 
bouillois; bouillis; bouiliirai; bouillirois. Que 
je bouille; bouiilisse. 

* Braire, to bray; il brait, ilsbraient; il braira, 
ils brairont; il brairoit, ils brairoienl. — Crier 
comiiie un dne, supplies it. 

t* Druire, to roar, bluster; il bruyoit; les flots 
bruyoienl; the wines roared — ^^ro/jJcr supplies it. 

t* Choir, to fall; chyi, fallen— Tomber supphts 

Circoncire, to circumcise; circoncisant, circon- 
cis : j'ai circoncis. Je circonc is, is ; it isons, isez, 
isent. Je circoncisois ; circoncis; irai; irois. Que 
je circoncise ; isse. 

* Clorre, to close; closant, clos, j'ai clos ; je clos, 
tu clos, il ch'it. Je clorrai, je clorrois. Que je 
close — Firmer and bouchcr supply it. 

Complaire, to huinaur, to comply ; j'ai complu 
—like pi aire. 

Conclure, to conclude; concluant, conclu; j'ai 
conclu. Je concl-us, us, ut; nous concl-uons, 
uez, uenl ; je coucl-uois ; us ; urai ; urois. Que je 
concl-ue ; usse. 

Conqu6iir, to conquer; conqut^rant, conquis, 
j'ai conquis. Je conqu-iers, iers, iert; 6ron8, 
erez, ierent. Je conqu6rois; conquis; conquer- 
rai ; conquerrois. Que je conqu-icre, ieres ; iere ; 
conqu-6rions, 6riez, ierent; conquisse. 

Convaincre, to convince; j'ai convaincu — like 

Couilre, to sew; cousnnt, cousu ; j'fil coUBli. 
Je couds, couds, cond, nous cousons, ez, ent; je 
cous-ois; is; jecoud-rai; rois. Que je cous-c ; 
isse— ^'e cousus, je coususse, are bad French. 

Croire, £tf believe; croyant, cru ; j'ai cru. Je 
crois, crois, croit ; nous croyons, croyez, croient. 
Jecroyois; crus; croi-rai; rois. Que jc croie, 
cioies, croie; croyious ; iez, croient; je cru&»e. 

Cueillir, to gather; cueillant, cueilli ; j'ai cu- 
eilli. Je cuei(l-e, es, e; nous cueill-ons, ez, ent. 
Je cueiil-ois; is; erai ; erois. Que je cueillc ; 

* Dcclioir, tj) decay; dechu ; je suis dechu. Je 
d^chois, ois, oil; noiisdechoyons. oyez, dechoi- 
ent. Jedetbus; decherrai; decherrois. Queje 
dech oie, oirs, oie; oyioius, oyiez, oient, dechusso. 
— Baissrr, decliner, supply it. 

* Declorip, to unclose, to op'it; j'ai d^clos— 
conjugated like clorre, and wanting tlie same 
tenst's — Ouvrir supplies it. 

Decoudre, to unstw; yai dticouse — like coudrc. 

* Defaillir, (o decay; nous del-aillons, aillCz, 
aillent. J'aidefaiUi; jc defaillois; je defaillis— 
Decliner, tombcr, supplj' it. 

t* Demouvoir, (a ^aw term) to inahe one desist 
of his pretensions — The infinitive is the only 
word in use — Deboutcr, might siipi)ly the rest. 

D^plaire, to displease; j'ai deplu — like plaire. 

* Distraire, to take from, to disturb; j'ai dis- 
trait — like abstraire. Enlcvcr and dissiper may 
suj)ply it. 

* Dissoudre, to dissolve; j'ai dissous — like ab- 
soudre — Fondre, and annulUr may .<upply it. 

Elire, to elect; j'ai elu— /lAf lire. 

Emondre, to whet; j'ai ^moulu — like moudre. 

Emouvoir, to stir up, to move; jai 6mu — like 

Eclorre, to be hatched; mcs vers a soie sonl 
•icios, viy silk-worms are hatched— like clorre — 
S'ouvrir, and paroitre, supply it. 

* Knclorre, to enclose, to surround; j'ai enclos 
— like clorre — Entourer and renfermer S\ipp\y it. 

Enqu6rir, s'enqu6rir, to inquire after; je mo 
suis enquis — like acquerir. 

S'ensuivre, (impersonal) to folloic, ensue; s'en- 
suivant, il s'est ensuivi ; il s'ensuit; s'ensuivoit; 
s'ensuivit ; s'ensuivra ; s'ensuivroit. Qu'il s'en- 
suive; s'ensuivit. 

Entrevoir, to have a glimpse at, to guess; j'ai 
entrevu— ^Av voir. 

Envoyer, to send; envoyant, eiivoy6, j'ai en- 
voy6. J'envoi-e, es, e ; nous envoy-ons, ez, eii- 
voient. J'envoyois; envoyai; enverrai; enver- 
rois. Que j'envoi-e, es, e; envoyions, iez, eu 
voient ; envoyasse. 

fixclare, to czciude; excluant, cxclus, m. exclue 
»«i excluse, /. J'ai exclu ; je suis exclus, je suis 
e.xclue, elle a ete excluse. j'exclus, us, ut; uons, 
uez, umt. — J'exclu-ois; us; urai; uiois< due 
j'excl-ue; usse. 

* Exiraire, to extract; j'ai extrail — like ab- 
<traire— /aire uu eztrait, depouiller aiay supply 

t* Pailiir, to fail, be less, faillant, j'ai failli. 
Je faux, faux, faut, faill-ons, ez, ent. Je faillis; 
je faudrai— /atWir, je faillis, and the coinpouud 
lenses j'ai failli, &c. are still in use — Manquer, 
se tromper, t»iiibcr, supply it. 

t^ Forir, to strike, is only used in this phrase ; 
Bans coup tanr, witkoat striking a bloio — frapper 
supplies the test. 

* Frire, to fry; frit, frite, j'ai frit. Je fris, tu 
fris, il frit ; je frirai ; frirois — Fricasser supplies 

Fuir, to fly; fuyant, fui, j'ai fui. Je fu-is, is, it; 
nous fuy-ons, ez, fui-ent. Je fuyois, fnis ; fuiral ; 
fuirois. Que je fuie ; fuisse — Je pris la fuite, je 
prisse la fuite, are mure in use for Uie preterite 
tewa'cs— S'enfuir, s'enfuyant, je me suis enfui, is 
tonjagated like fuir. 

t* Giisir, to lie; nous gisons, ils gisent; il gi- 
Boit ; ci-git, here lies ; tout git en cela, the whole 
point lies in that — etre couche, 6tre situ6, may 
supply it. 

Hair, lu hate; iiaissant, ha'i, j'ai hai. Je hais, 
tu hais, il hait; nous haissons, ez, ent. Je hais- 
6oid ; is ; irai ; irois. Que je haisse ; haisse — The 
want of the trema is the only irregularity of this 

t* l.<sir, to come from; issu, (in genealogy) de- 
scanded; and issant, (in heraldry) rising out, are 
the only words in use — dcscendre supplies it. 

Lire, to read, lisant, lu, j'ai lu. Je lis, lis, lit; 
nou.s lis-ons, ez, ent. Jelisois; lus: lirai ; lirois. 
Que je lise ; lusse. 

Mandire, to curse; maudissant, maudil, j'ai 
mandit. Je maud-is, is, it ; issons, issez, issent. 
Jt; mau'i-issois ; is ; irai ; irois. Que je maud- 
issa ; maudi:;se. 

Moudre, to grind; moulant, moulu, j'ai moulii. 
Je m<»u-ds, ds, d ; nous moul-ons, ez, ent. Je 
moul-ois ; us ; je moud-rai ; rois. Que je moul-e, 

Mourir, to die; mourant, mort, je suis mort. 
Je meurs, nieurs, meitrt ; nous mourons, ez, 
meurent. Je mour-ois ; us ; mour-rai ; rois. 
Que je meur-e, es, e; mour-ions, iez, meurent; 
mourusse. , 

Mouvoir, to move; mouvant, mu, j'ai mii. Je 
meus, meus, meat; nous mouvons, ez, raeu- 

vent. Je mouvois ; m'.is ; mouv-rai ; rois. Que je 
meuv-e, es, e; mouv-ions, iez, meuvent; je musse. 

Naitre, to be born; naissant, n6, je suis n6. 
Je nais, nais, nait ; nous naiss-ons, ez, ent. Je 
naissois ; naquis ; nait-rai ; rois. Que je naisse ; 

*t Ouir, to hear; j'ai ou'i, I have heard; j'ouis, 
/ heard. Que j'ouisse, that I might hear — J'ois ; 
j'oyois; oyez, &c. are quite obsolete— EnioaAxQ 
supplies ouir. 

* Faitre, to graze, to feed; paissant ; I'oiseau 
a pii, the bird has fed. Je p-ais, ais, alt ; nous 
p-aissons, aissez, aissent. Je paissois, paitrai, 
paitrois. Que je pa.isse— Manger and nourrir 
supply the deficient tenses. 

Plaire, to please; plaisant, phi, j'a! plu. Je 
pl-ais, ais, ait; nous plais-ons, ez, aisent. Je 
plaisois, plus, plairai, plairois. Que je plaise: 

Pleuvoir, to rain; il a plu, il pleuf, pjeuvoit, 
plut, pleuvra, pleuvroit. Qu'il pleuve, qu'il pliit, 
— The third person plural is used fgurat. IjCS 
honneurs pleuvent chez lui, honours pour upon 

Poursuivre, to pursue; j'ai poursuivi— Zi&c 

Pourvoir, to provide; pourvoyant, pourvu, j'ai 
pourvu. Je pourv-ois, ois, oit ; oyons, oyez, oienl. 
Jc pourvoyois, pourvus; pourvoirai ; pourvoirois. 
Que je pourv-oie, oics, oie ; pourv-oyions, oyiez, 
oienl ; pourvusse. 

Pouvoir, to be able; f)ouvant, pu, j'ai pu. Je 
puis or peux, peux, pent; nous pouvons, ez, peu- 
vent. Je pouvois; pus; pourrai; pourrois. Que 
je puisse ; pusse. 

Pr^valoir, to prevail; pr(^valant, pr^valn, j'ai 
prevalu. Je prev-aux, aux, aut ; nous pr6val- 
ons, ez, ent. Je pr6val-ois ; us; pr6vaud-rai ; rois. 
Que je preva le; pr6valusse. 

Pre voir, to foresee; prevoyant, pr6vu ; j'ai pr<^- 
vu. Je prcv-ois, ois, oit ; oj'ons, oyez, oient. Je 
pr6voyois; prcvis, pr6voirai ; pr6voirois. Que 
je prcv-oie, oies, oie, oyions, oyiez, oient; pr6- 

* PrornouvoJr, to promote; proinu, j'ai prt)mu 
— .Ivanccr supplies the rest. 

* Querir, to bring, to fetch — Only used in the 
infinitive, with the verbs aller, venir, and envo- 
ycr; as allei querir, go and fetch. 

Se Rasseoir, to sit again, settle; je nie suis 
rassis — like s'asseoir. 

Rebouillir, to boil again; j'ai rebouilli— h'Ae 

Recoudre, to sew again; j'ai recousu— /i7c« 

Recueillir, to gather^ to collect; j'ai recueilli— 
tike cueillir. 

Relire, to read again; j'ai xe\\x—like lire. 

Kemoudre, to grind again; j'ai reiiioulu— Zj'Ae 

Renaitre, to be bom again, to be revived — like 
naiUe, but Uie participle rene is rallier obsolete. 

* Rentraite, to Jiuedraw ; j'ai rentrait — like 
traire, and wants the same tenses — Jiejoindre 
may supply it. 

Repaiire, to feed; repaissant, repu ; j'ai repu. 
Je rep-ais, ais, ait; aissfnis, ais^^oz, aissent. Je 
repaissois ; repus ; rcpaiirai; repaurois. Q,ueje 
repaiii-e ; repusse. 

Requerir, to require; j'ai requis — like acqu6- 

Resoudre, to resolve; resolvant, resolii, j'ai 
r6solu. Jf resous, oiis, out; nous resulvons, ol- 
vez, oivent. Je resolvois; resolus; rcdouUrai; 
resoudroip. Que jt; resolve ; resolusse. — Jiesou- 
dre, in tlie sense of clia;>i.'ing a thin!| isiio another, 
lias nsoiis for its participle, and lias no feminine; 
as un broaillard lesous en pluie, a fog re.soloed 
into rain. 

Revaioir, to be even icith one; je Ini ai revalu 
— like valour. 

Revetir, to invest with; rev^lant, revfetu, j'ai 
reveiu. Je revets, ftts, et ; rev-ctons, ftlez, clent. 
Jerev-fttois; etis; etirai; eiirois. Que jerevoie; 

Revivie, to revive; j'ai revecu — like vivre. 

Revoir., to see again; j'ai revii — like voir. 

Rire, t'j laugh; riant, ri, j'ai ri. Je ri-s, s, t; 
liCus ri ons, tz, eni. Je riois , rb, rirai, rirois. je r-ii', es, e; ion.-j, iez, enl ; risse. 

* Sailiir, in tlie sen.><e of to gush out, is regular, 
but in the sense of to jut out, it is irrej:ii!ar, and 
lias only the foliowing iciminatioiis — yailljr, to 
jvt out ; ce l)a!c<»:i sailie, sailloil, saillera, saille- 
roil trop; fAw balzomj juts out too much, v\c. 
.""aiilani, saillante, salient, projecting, is an ad- 

Savt(ir, to know; sachant, su, j'ai su. Je s-ais, 
ni>, ait; nous sav-on«', oz, ent. Jesavois; sus ; 
r-uiitii ; saurois. Que jo saclie ; susse. 

t* S«'oir, to Of come, to Jit well — thai verb is ob- 
solete in the inri)iitivc seoir, and gerund scyant. 
'Vim following tenses are still in use — II sied, ils 
BJeeni ; il .«eyoit, lis soyoient ; ii siera, ils sie- 
ronl ; il si6roil, il sieroient. Ex. Cette couleur 
VDUs sif;d bien, that colour fits yon well; ens ma- 
niert.s ne lui t>\wn\. pas, such manni-rs do not bc- 
iimc ki'A. Alter bien, convenir, may snpph/ the 

t' Secir, to sit, be situated; ii(:an{, sittir'g; sis, 

sise, situated (law terms) are Ike only uordo in 
tise — etie situe supplies it 

t* Soudre, to suioc, or reii/^te—qiiiie obsolete 
^, suppiiis it. 

t* tiourd.'o, to spring out, has only the innni- 
live, and il sourd; I'eau sourd de la lerre, the tea 
ter springs out of ilie earth — Sortir may supply it 

Sourire, to sviiLc; j'ai stjuri — like riie. 

* iSoustraire, to subtract, take from; j'ai sou* 
li ait — like absuairc — uter, supplies it. 

Sutfiie, to sujjice; suliisant, sulli, j'ai suffi. Jj 
Euli-is, is, it ; nous sufi-isous, isez, i&ent. Je suf- 
lisois ; suflis ; sunVai ; sufiirois. Que jc sulhsc ; 

Suivre, to follow; suivant, suivi, j'ai suivi. 
Je suis, suis, suit; nous suiv-ons, cz, enl. Je 
suivois ; suivis ; suivrai ; suivrois. Que je suive 

Surseoir, to supersede, to put off; only used in 
law in tne following tenses — Sursoyant, sursis 
j'ai sursis. Je ^ui^-ois, nis, oil ; nous surs-oyor.s, 
oyent, oieiu. Je sursoyois, sursis ; surseoirai ; 
surseoirois. Que je surs-oie, oies, oie; oyions, 
oyiez, oient; sursisse. — Suspendre lemcttre, dif- 
lertT, may supply it. 

Survivre, to outlive; j'ai survdcu — like vivre. 

Taire, to conceal; j'ai tu — Se taire, to hold one'i 
tongue, je nic suis lu — like plaire. 

* Tiaiie, to tailk; trayanl, trait, j'ai trait. Je 
ti^ais, ais, ail; nou.« tray-ons, ez, iraieut. Ji: Ira 
yois; trairai ; trairois. Que je ir-aie, aies, aie, 
ayions, ayiez, aietU. — 7'irtr may sujiply ihe two 
preterite lenses. 

*t Tistre, to weave, (obsolete) is supplied by 
tisser, a verb quite regular, except in ila partiti- 
jile, tissu, woven. 

Tressaillir, to start; trcssaillant, j'ai tressailli. 
Je iressaill-e, es, e ; ons, ez, ent. Je tre^aili- 
ois ; is ; irai ; iiois. Que je tressaill-e ; isse. 

Vaincre, to vanquish; vaiix-ant, vahicu, j'ai 
vaincu. Je vaiacs, vaincs, vaine ; vainquons, ez, 
ent. Je vainquois, vainquis; vaincrai ; vain- 
crois. Que jevaiiique; vainqui.-sc, — Tiie three 
persons singular of tiie indicative inesciil are 
belter supplitrd by /c suis victoricux, &.C. 

Valoir, lo be icorth; valant, valu, j'ai valu. Je 
vaux, vaux, vaul ; nous val-ons, ez, ent. Je va- 
lois; valus; vandiai ; vandrois. Que je v-a;Ue, 
allies, aille; aiions, aliez, aillent; vaiussc- 

V^ijr, to dress; v6ia:it, vciu, j'ai vetu. Je vr ts, 
xti?, v6i ; nous vcI-o;ih, ez, cut. Je \ dt-ois ; vci 
is; vet-irai ; vet-iroi-;. Que je voic ; vc ti^se — The 
three persons sinnular of the indiciUve preseni 
arr better supiilieil by habillr. 

Vivre, to lice; vivant, vecu, j'ai vecu. Jt: vis, 


Vouloir, to be willing; voulant, voulu. Je 
veux, veux, veut; nous voul-ona, cz, veulent. 
Je voulois ; voulus ; voudrai ; voudrois. Que je 
v-euille, euilles, euille; oulions, ouliez; euillenl; 

vis, vit ; nous viv-onf?, ez, ent. Je vivois ; v6- 

cus ; vivrai ; vivrois. Que je vive ; v6cusse. 
Voir, to see; voyant, vu, j'ai vu. Je vols. 

vois, voit ; nous voy-ons, ci, voient. Je voyois 

vis; verrai; vorrois. Que je v-oie, oies, oie 

oyions oyiez, oiciit; visse. 

with a JsToun to determine their Regimen. 
A trois iieures. Parlez a Sophie 
Avam vous ; avant midi 
Apros la guerre. Marchez apres lui 
Aupres du feu. II est bien aupres du roi 
Avcc ma soeur. En guerre avec la France 
Aiitour de la inaison. Aulour de moi 
Chez lui, Chez elle ; chez les Romains 
Ci)ncernant cette affaire importantc 
Contre inon avis. Sa maison est contre la mieiine 
Dans ma chambre. II est tomb6 dans I'eau 
La ville de Paris. Je viens de chez vous. De nuit 
Deca If's Aipes; en-deca les Alpes 
Defii les Pyrenees ; au-deli'i du Rhin 
Depuis mon retour ; depuis Landreci 

Chercliez dessus & dessous le li 

A, at, to 

Avant, before 

ApreF, after, next to 

Aupres, near, with 

Avec, with, against 

Autour, about, round 

Cliez, at, to, among 

Concernant, concerning 

CoiUre, against, near 

Dans, i», into 

De, of, from, by, &.C. 

Deca, on this side 

Dela, 071 that side 

Depuis, since, from 

Dessus, on, upon, above } 

Dessous, under, beneath I 

Devant, before 

Derriere, behind 

Des, from, very 

Durant, during 

En, in, into 

Entre, between 

Euvers, towaras 

Environ, about 

Excepts, except, but 

Fame (le, for want of 

Ifors, lionnis, except 

Dors do, out of 

Jiisquo, ti/l, as far as 

Loin df., far from. 

Mali.'r<;, in spite of 

Moyoiuiant, by means 

Noriobstar.t, notwithstanding 

Oiitre, besides, beyond 

Par, by, through, &c. 

Parmi, among 

Pundaiit, during 

Pour, for 

Pres, near, next to 

Proche, near, by 

Quant a, as to, as for 

Sans, without; were it not for; 

but for 
Sauf, except, with deference to 
Sot'.s, under 
gdon, according to 

Devant le feu; devant le miroir 

Derriere la pone; derriere vous 

Des cinq heurcs; des ce matin 

Durant la guerre; six ans durant 

En lil)erl6. L'eau s'6chappe en vapeur 

Entre votre frere & ma soeur 

Erivors Dieu. Eiivers lui &. nioi 

Environ quinze ans; environ deux heures 

Excepte votre cousine 

Faute dV^conomie ; faute d'argent 

Hors votre frere. Hormis I'honneur 

Hors de danger; hors du royaume 

Jasqu'a Paris ; jusqu'au bout, jusque la 

Loin de la eour. Loin de scs amis 

Malgrti votre Malgre les difficult(!& 

Moyennant sa protection ; moyennant du terns 

Nonobstant la trahison de ces coquins 

Outre scs detles. Outre nier 

Par son ordre. Par 1-a feiietre 

Parmi la noblesse. Parmi vous 

Pendant I'automne. Pendant le sermon 

Pour la paix ; pour vous, pour moi 

Pres de la tour; pres de neuf heurea 

Proche le palais ; proche du palais 

Quant a moi j'aiiiie la sinc6rit6 

Point d'amiti* sans franchise. Sans eux tout iroit blen 

Tout est perdu sauf I'esp^rance. Sauf votre meilleur avii 
Sous votre protection. Sous la table 
Coniportez vous selon les lois 


Suivant, according to 
Sur, on, upon, above 
Touchant, concerning 
Vera, towards, about 
Vi3-a-vi3, opposite 
Vu, considering 

Suivanl I'ordre du roi 
Sur ma parole. Sur nos ifetes 
Toucliant cettc raalheureuse affaire 
Vers I'orient. Vers l'ann6e 1819 
Vis-a-vis r6glise; ris-a-vis de I'^glise 
Vu les circonstances presenles 


With a Verb to exemplify the Mwd they require. 
The following Conjunctions govern the Indicative 

Ainsi que, as; as well af 

A ce que, according to; as 

A mesure que, in proportion as 

Apres que, ic/ien 

Attendu que, as; because 

Aussiidt que, as soon as 

Autant que, as far as 

Comme, koic, as 

Des que, as soon as 

Depuis que, since 

Lorsque, when 

Parceque, because 

Pendant que, while 

Puisque, seeing that, since 

Quand, when 

Selon que, according to; a 

Si, if, whether 

Sitot que, as soon as 

Tamils que, while 

Tant que, as long as 

Ainsi que je vous I'ai dit 

A ce que je puis juger 

A mesure que je uavaille 

Apres que vous aunz din6 

Attendu qu'il a tort 

Aussiiot que vous serez rentr6 

Autani que je puis croire 

Voyez comme ils dispulenl 

Des que la paix sera faite 

Depuis que vous etcs a Londres 

Lorsque le roi paroitra 

Parceque je vous aime 

Pendant que nous somnes libres 

Puisque vous ni'aimez 

Quand vous viendrcz chez moi 

Selon qu'il etudiera 

Si vous venez ; s'il est pauvre ou rio: 

Sit6t que nous tiimes dine 

Tandis qu'il fait beau terns 

Tant que je serai a Batli 

Vu qu'il est ignorant 

Vu que, seeing that, because 

The following Conjunctions govern the Substantive. 

* A condition que, on condition that 
A Dieu ne plaise que, Ood forbid 
A fin que, that; to the end that 
A moins que, ne, unless 
Avant que, before 
Au cas que, in case; if 
Bien que, tho\ although 
De crainte que, ne, /or fear 
De peur que, ne, for fear; lest 
Dieu veuille que, God grant 
En cas que, in case; if 
Encore que, although 
Loin que, /ar from 
Moyennant que, provided that 
Plaise a Dieu que, God grant 
Pour que, to the end that 
Pourvu que, provided that 

A condition qu'il le dise 

A Dieu ne plaise qu'il meure 

Afin que vous s<n ez en repos 

A moins que vous ne veniez chez moi 

Avamt que nous fussions Iev63 

Au cas qu'on vous appercoive 

Bien que je sois pauvre 

De crainte qu'il ne meure 

De peur qu'il ne viennc 

Dieu veuille qu'il reviennc 

En cas que je ne sois pcis chez moi 

Encore que vous soyez riche 

Loin que nous soyons vaincus 

Moyennant qu'il vienne 

Plaise a Dieu que nous ayons la paix 

Pour que j'aille en France 

Pourvu qu'elle soil honorable 

* A condition que, Is also conatrued with the future and conditional ; but then it means certaintf 
and not mere supposition. 


Clnoique, although ' Quoique vous soyez sans amis C 

s?ans que, without Sans que j'y aille ^. i 

•Soil que, whether Soit que vous y alliez ou non 

Suppose que, suppose that Suppose qu'ils fissent la paix 

The following Conjunctions govern the Infinitive. 
A, to, in J'aime— je me plais a converser 

De, to; of Cessez de lui parler. Le plaisir d'obllger 

Pour, to; in order to Pour jouer ; piour se divertir 

I'ar, by, with II finira par se ruiner 

Apres, after Apres, avoh din6 ; apres, s'Stre battu 

Sans, without Sans aimer, sans boire, sans manger. 

N. B. Remember that the conjunctions d, de, pour, apres, par, sans, can only govern verbs in the 
infinilive; and never say: d'ayant, sans ay ant, apres s' etant battu, par se iminant, par V ayant 
fait — or such like expressions. It is a gross error, which beginners leave off with difficulty. 

Most of the French adjectives may become adverbs, by the addition of ment to their masculine, 
if ending in e,i, u; or to their feminine, if ending otherwise. Ex. ais<^, poll, absolu, sage, doux, 
vif, adj. Aisement, poliment, absolument, sagement, doucement, vivement, ad. <S-c. <!S-c. Such ad- 
verbs we leave to the Dictionary, and practice in reading ; we only select here those that are radical 
of tiieinselves, or the meaning of which is not sufliciently explained by their etymology. 

A califourchon, astride 

A contre-coeur, unwillingly 

A couvert, sheltered 

A decouvert, openly 

A di'ssein, on purpose 

A droite, on the right 

\ faux, wrongly 

A. foison, plentifully 

A fond, thoroughly 

A tleur d'cau, even with the water 

A gauche, on the left 

A jamais, /or ever 

Ailleurs, elsewhere 

Aiiisi, thus 

A la file, in a row 

A la t'ois, at once 

A la Fran^oise, after the French way 

A r amiable, amicably 

A !a legere, wantonly 

A la renverse, backwards 

A la londe, round about 

A la volee, at random 

A r6(;art, aside 

A Pendroit, on the right side 

A r en vers, on the wrong side 

A renvi, vying icith one another 

A Vv.lounWe, rashly 

A I'improviste, unawares 

Alors, then, at that time 

A nierveille, exceeding well 

A peine, hardly 

. . plate couture, totally; soundly 

Aller a caUfourchon 

J'agis a contre-coeur, 

Nous sommes a couvert 

Parlez a d6couvert 

Je I'ai fait adcssein 

Tournez a droite, puis a gauche 

Vous maccusez a faux 

Nous avons de tout a foison 

Je connois cet homme a fond 

La digue est a fleur d'eau 

Prenez a gauche, & tournez a droite 

II est a jamais ruin6 

Je m'ennuie ici, allons aiileurs 

Vous le poulcz aiiisi, j'y consens 

lis entrevent tous ;i la file 

Voui entteprenez trop a la foia 

Nous vivons a la Francoise 

Arrangez-vous a ramiable 

Ne faites rien a la Itigere 

Vous tomberez a la renverse 

Buvons a la ronde 

II parle toujours a la vol6e 

Je lui parlorai a I'^cart 

Regardez cette 6toffe a I'endrolt 

Vos bas sont a I'envers 

Ces demoiselles 6tudient a I'envi 

Vous avez agi a I'tlourdie 

Votre frere est survenu a rimproviste 

Je demeurois alni-s a Paris 

Votre sceur danse a merveille 

A peine sait-il fire 

lis ont &Ub baitus a plate couture 

A plaisir, designedly; well 

A pleiii, jfu//y 

A ploriib, ptrpendicidarly 

A point nom;ue, in the very time 

Apros, after 

A propos, in time; properly 

A quartier, aside 

A reculons, backwards 

Assez, enough 

A tatons, groping along; in.the dark 

A tort, wrongly 

Au d6[xjurvu, unawares 

Ajourd'hui, to-day; now-a-days 

Auparavant, bffore 

Auiant, as much, as many 

Autr 'fois, formerly 

Auvaiit, /ur, dtep 

Aulour, round; about 

Beaucoup, much., many 

Bien, well; much 

Bientot, soon 

ca & la, here and there 

C6ans, here 

Cependant, in tlu mean time; however 

C«rtes, indeed 

Combicn, how much, how many 

Comment, how 

D'abord, at first 

Davantage, more 

De biais, slopingly 

De bonne foi, sincerely 

De bon jeu, fairly 

De but en blanc, bluntly; rashly 

De front, abreast; side by sidt 

De guet-apens, wilfully 

De guingois, awry 

De gr6, willingly 

Dehors, out; not at home 

De jour, by day 

Demain, to-morrow 

De niveau, on a level 

De nuit, by night 

De plus, besides, moreover 

De plus belle, again and again 

Depuis, since 

De gaiet6 de coeur, on purpose 

Derechef, again 

Derriere, behind 

Des-lors, even then 

De son chef, of his own accord 

Desormais, henceforth 

Devant, before 

Dor6navant,/ar the future 

Encore, yet: again.- still 

Enfin, at length 

Cet habit est fait a plaisir 

Frapptz le voJant a ploin (shuttle-cock) 

Cette niuraiile est a plomb 

Vous etes venu a point noinm^ 

Vous irez devant &: lui apres 

Nous voici arrives fort a propos 

Je ne puis niettre d'argent a quartier 

Leurs troupes inarchoiit a reculons 

L'avare ne dii jamais assez 

Je suis venu ici d tatons 

Vous me querellez a tort 

II nous a j»ris au depounu [d'hui 

II fait chaud aujourd'hui ; ia mode d'aujour- 

Je veux diner aujiaravant 

Ce diamaut vaut autant que ce rubis 

C'etoit autrefois la mode 

X'allez pas si avant. II creuse trop avant 

Regardez tout autour 

Cet honmie a beaucoup lu 

II se pone bien ; il tiavaille bien 

Dinerons-nous bitntot ? 

Des bataillons epars ca &. Ik 

II dinera ctans 

Cependant la nuit s'approclie 

Certes, dii-il, vous avez tort 

Savez-vous combien ct'la coutel 

Je ne sais comment il pent vivre 

Apprenez d'abord vutic lecon 

Je u'en dirai pas davantaiige 

Ne coupez pas cette eioffe de biais 

Je vous paile de bonne foi 

J'ai gague la parte de bon jeu 

II m'a qiierell6 de but en blanc 

Marchons quatre de front 

On I'a tufe de guet-aj)ens 

Pourquoi vous lenez-vous de guingoisi 

II le fera de er6 ou de force 

Dehors canaille. II est all6 dehors 

II vaut mieux voyager de jour 

Adieu jusqu'a demain 

Ce jardin n'est pas de niveau 

Nous partirons de nuit 

Donnez quelqiie clif>>e de plu? 

II s'est endettt de plus belle 

Je ne vous ai pas vii dipuis 

Vous m'insullez de gaiete de coeur 

Que n'essayez-vous derechef? 

Marchez, ne restrz pas derriere 

Je le connoissois dts-lors 

II s'est ruint de son chef 

Je ne le verrai f)ius d»*sorma!9 

Passez-devant, je vous suivrai 

R6fl6chis9ez-y bien dor^navant 

E^ayez-encore. F.Ile vit encore 

Cette affaire est enfin terminOe 

Kii mdiii!' (le rien, /« a ti ire 

Kii5.tiiil)le, together 

Ensuiie, uftiricards 

Environ, about; near about 

Expres, on pvi-pose 

Fort & fcinie, stoutly; positively 

Guerc, Idtle; but Utile; few 

Hier, yesterday 

Jariis, ^w^ o^o; m ^/ze old time 

Jamais, ever (with 71c, never) 

[ci; here 

Jusqii'ou, how far 

Loin, far 

Maintenant, now 

Alieux, better; rather ^ 

Moinp, less 

Naguere, nut long ago 

Nulle part, no where 

On., where, whither 

Oui, yes 

O Mi-da, yes indeed, indeed! 

Par riie!j;arfie, inadvertently 

Par niejif ise, by mistake 

Par-tout, every where 

Pele-ni6le, in confusion 

Pen, little, few 

Vcut-tue, perhaps, may be 

Pis, worse 

Plus, more 

Pour lors, then; therefore 

Px(;;\.\AhU:men^, previously 

Pres, vtar; ici prcs, hereby 

Q'.iasi, almost 

(iuelquefois, sometimes 

Qiiolque part, somewhere 

Sans faron, without ceremony 

Pens dt4?ns dessous, topsyturvy 

Soxivent, often, oftAvtiities 

Sur le cJianip, immrdiately 

Tanl, so vnich, so many 

Tant ?oit pen, etur so little 

Toujonrs. ahcaijs; still 

T6t ou fard, soon or late 

T<»ur a tour, by turns 

Tout a fait, t/uH*; entirely 

Tf)nt a la lois, nil at once 

Tout antant,j«i;/ tbat 

Tout a rebours, tpiite wrong 

Tout de l)on, m earnest 

Tout do suite, immrdiately 

Tciuf droit, .straight along 

Tout-a-coup, suddenly 

Trop, too much, too many 

Vis-j'i-vi?, opposite, over against 

Volontiers," uiUini^ly 

11 dispaml en nsoins de rlen 

Kous sonmies souveiU ensemble 

i^Cous irons chez voiis ensuite 

II est environ six hemes 

Kous sonijnes venus ici tout expres 

Je ni'y oj;[ioserai fort & fernie 

11 n'y a guere de vrais patriotes 

Elle parlii hier au niaiin 

Jadis lesevcques 6toient pauvres 

Je n'y consentiiai jamais 

Venez-ici, nion bon ami 

Jnsqu'oii devez-vons lire ? 

iS'ous n'irons pas loin awjoutd'liui 

Etes-vons pr&t maii:itn-i!ii? 

Je me porte mieux. .Vain-e mienx y aller 

RIoinsdebiens, moins dc soins 

Je I'ai vu naguere (il i:'y a unere) 

Je ne ptiis le trouver nulle part 

Oil allez-vous si vite ? 

Dites-inoi oui ou nim 

Oui-da, je lui parleiai 

Je I'ai fait par m6garde 

Elle vous a sahi6 p?ir ni6prise 

Jevoiis suivrai par-lout 

Tons rues Ijvrcs sont pele-mele 

I'ai peu <l'argeiit et peu d'amis 

Je vous 6crirai peul-6tre demain 

Vous ne pourriez faiie pis 

Cela ne vaut pas plus d'une giiin6e 

Pour !ors que fera-t-il 1 

Je veux pr^'ahlement payermes dettea 

11 est loge ici pies 

On ?c tronipc quasi toujours en politique 

<iuelquefois je devine juste 

J'ai !u cctte anecdote qnelque part 

Je-vous prie, vi\onp sansfncon 

Tout ici est sens dessus dessous 

Pailez souvent Francois 

Nous noTts eeparfiint's suv le champ 

Voici tant jK.ur vous et tant pournioi 

Donnez ni'en tant poil pen 

Vous parlez toujonrs. II est tougours vivant 

Cela arrivei-a tot ou tai-d 

Parlez lorrr a tcnir 

IVIa sa-ur est. toul-a-fait r<^iaMie 

J(! vous payerai lout a la fois 

Ce «lrnp vaut tout nrttant 

il fait tout ;i revours 

Je vous parle tout fie bon 

Ver;ez tout de suite 

jMlez tout droit 

II entra tout-a-conp 

VoHs parlez-trop 

II demeure vis-a-vis 

Je voui: obligerai voloiitlere. 


INTERJECTIONS. There are not words 
enough in any hinguage, to express all our ideas ; 
especially in sudden emotions of tlie mind — 
Hence the use of interjections — As tlie greater 
part of iJie expressions used on such occasions 
are taken from nature alone, the real interjections 
in most languages are monosyllabical — We think 
it useless to give here an unmeaning list of ah^ 
t)h, ouais, ouJ\ Ji, chut, &c. &,c. ; they are in the 

The same imparity between languages and our 
ideas, has given rise to the figurative style ; by 
which, with proper judgment, the speech acquir^ 
much dignity and energy. As many figures of 
Rhetoric are often mentioned in common gram- 
mar, we shall hure define the chief of them. 

The Simile illustrates one object by conjparing 
it to another, to which it bears a manifest rela- 
tion — Ex. •' She never told her love, but let con- 
cealment, like a worm i' the bud, feed on her da- 
mask cheek."— He behaves like a bear. 

The Metaphor is a figure by which we make 
wso of a word to express an object to which that 
word does not literally belong. Metaphorical ex- 
pressions give great energy to the language. One 
might say that a metaphor is a simile without the 
tiign of a comparison like or as— Ex. Lite is a 
stormy sea. Tliat woman is a crocodile ; her sis- 
ter is a lamb. Envy scatters her venom on ail 
sides, and often withers the bloss<jins of mer^t. 

An Allegory \& a series of metaphors continued 
to some length. A fable might be termed an alle- 
gory. We have the simile, metai)lior, and alle- 
gory combined through the whole soit^ aC Solo- 
mon. — " I am the rose of Sharon, aiKJlly? lily of 
the valleys. As the lily among thnatiffln is my 
love among the daugiiters. As the apple-tree 
among the trees, so is my biloved among the sons ; 
I sat under his shadow, and his fruit was sweet 
to my taste. Awake, O, North-wind : and come, 
thou South, blow upon my garden, that il» spices 
may flow out," 

The J]ntithi.sis is a contrast of words which 
serve, like shades, to set off op|X)site qualities — 
Ex. " In all thy humours, whether grave or mel- 
low—thou art such a touchy, testy, pleasant fel- 
low— hast so much wit, and mirth, and spleen 
about thee —there is no living with thee, nor with- 
out thee." 

Tlie Hyperbole is a figure by which the reality 
of things is either excessively enlarged, or dimi- 
nished— £:z. " So light was Camilla, tJiat she 
might have run over the wavering ears of com 
without bending them." — " His pond'rous shield 
behind him he" cast; Ute brgad cUcumfereqce 

hung on his shoulders like the moon." — A comic 
poet said of a nobleman, proud and poor : Hia 
estate is not larger than a Lacedemonian Epistle, 
and his pride reaches from one pole to the other. 

By the Irony we let understand the contrary 
of what we say. Thus we call a fool a Holomon; 
and a scolding woman a lamb. 

By the ^ipostrophe we suddenly address our 
speech to any object, wlieilier present or atjsent, 
animate or inanimate. — " Ye angels, sing hia 
praise ; on earth join, all ye creatures. Air, and 
ye elements, praise him ; convey his praise, ye 

The Prosopopeia calls forth absent and dead 
pers<inSi and supposes life and reason in inani- 
mate and irrational objects. 'J'here is a great si- 
milarity betwixt this figure and the apostrophe; 
in the latter we suddenly address our speech to 
any object, and in the f(»riner we lend voice and 
passions to it. — Ex. " Hear the voice of your 
country, Catiline, thus she speaks to you ; retire, 
Catiline, retire ; your crimes have overthrown my 
laws, your atrt>cilies desolate me, my veins are 
open; retire, Catiline, and allow some rest to 
your desolate mother." 

As it is very essential to the thorough learning 
of a language, not to mistake one part of si)eech 
for another, we finish this section with giving a 
classical and methodical scheme for parsing a 
sentence. The examples, with very little change, 
may suit any language. 

Article. Qufstions: Is it defiiite, or indefinite 
partitive? What gender 1 What number? 

Examples. Le ponvoir du roi, tke power of tht 
hivg; itt'libette des honunes, the liberty of vicu. 
J'ai du pain, de la viaiule, <its pommes ; I have 
bread, meat, apples. 

.Application. /.«, definite art. ms. — rfit, contrac- 
tion of de le, definite art. ms.— Aa, definite art. 
fs. — de.i, contraction af de ies, dif art. com. gen. 
der pi — (/M,inthescnseofs</>nc,indi;f. part, ms -- 
dcla, in the .' of .•}<;/«e,indef. pait. fs. — des, in 
llie sense of some, indef. part, com gender, pi. 

Substantive. Ques*iiiis: What gender? what 
number? Ifthe noun be singular, name its plural ; 
if it be plural, name its singuliir. 

Examples. Le pouroir du roi; la liberli des 
homines'; le priz des denrees, the price of provi 

.application. I'ouvoir, substantive, ms. pou 
voirs, for its pi. — JAberte, subst. fs. liberies^ for 
its pi. — Prix, subst. i^s. prix for its pi.— Denr^cs, 
subst. f. pi. denree for its singular. 

Adjective. Qursiions: What gender? what 
Duiuber 1 what docs it agree with in tJ\e sM\t<?i^ce1 


If it be masculine, name its fern. If it be femi- 
nine, name its ms. 

Examples. Un beau chapeau, a fine hat; ces 
femmes soxitjolies; those ladies are pretty; cette 
fille est orgueilUuse — tkat girl is proud. 

Jipplication. Beau, noun adj. ms. agrees with 
chapeau; it lias belle for its feminine. — Jolics, 
noun adj. f. pi. agrees with femmes ; it has joli 

for its masculine Orgutilleuse, noun adj. fs. 

agrees with fille; it has orgucilleux, for its mas- 

Pronoun. Questioiis: Is it personal, possessive, 
relative, demonstrative, or iiideterminatel What 
gender 7 what nuntber 1 witli wiiat does it agree 
in the sentence ? 

Examples. Elle a mon livre, she has my book. 
Cette plume ne vaut rien, this pen is good for 
nothing. L'homme qui vous paiioit, the man 
who was speaking to you. 11 y a qudques amies, 
some years ago. 

..fipplication. Elle, pronoun pers. fs. — Jl/o/i, 
pronoun poss ms. agrees with liore — Cette, pro- 
noun demonstr. fs. agrees with plume — Qui, pro- 
noun rel. common gendei and numher, agrees with 
hommc — Quelques, pronoun indoter. pi. common 
gender, agrees with annecs. 

Verb. Questions: Name its infinitive — its per- 
son—its number — its tense — its mood. 

Examples. Pendant tju'lis etoient ensembl6, 
feiitendis sonner midi ; while they were together, 

J heard twelve o^ clock strike. Quoiqu'il paroisss 
heureux, n'aiviez pas son sort; tho' he may stem 
happy, do not envy his situation. 

jipplication. Ktoicnt, iroui itre ; 3d 
imperf. tense, indie, mood — Entendis, ftom en- 
tendre; 1st pers. sing, preterite deriniie, indica- 
tive mood— faroisse, {rom par o'ttre, 3d pers. sing 
pr. tense, subjunct. mood — Envicz, from cnvier ; 
2d pers. pi. imperat. mood. 

Preposition. Wliat does it govern hi the sen- 
tence ? 

Examples. Avant midi; sans argent; before 
noon; without money. 

Jipplication. Jloant, a preposition, governs 
midi — sans, a preposition, governs argent. 

Conjunction. What mood does it require! 
Name the verb it acts upon in the sentence. 

Examples. Eorsque le roi enira, when the king 
came in. — Quoique vous soyez riche, tho' you be 
rich. JeUspour in' aiuustr, I read to amuse myself. 
Jipplication. Eorsque, a conjunction, requires 
the indie. — Here it governs eutra. — Quoiquc, a 
conjunction, requires the subjunct. — Hero it go- 
verns soyez — Pour, a conjunction, requires the 
infinitive — Here it governs amuser. 
Advetbs and interjections. Only name them. 
Examples, jih! mon ami, agissez prudem- 
ment: ah, my friend, act prudently. 

Application. Ah is an interjection — Prudem- 
meat is an adverb. 

GENERAL DIRECTIONS. Never neglect to 
ascertain the parts of speech which compose the 
English sentences you have to turn into French. 
1. For a Verb— Make sure of its mood, person, 
number, and tense, look for its subject, and ob- 
serve whether it has an object. 

that occur in almost every French sentence — 
Tl;e Ibt The verb agrees in person and number 
with its subject. Ex. Je parle, vous parlez, il 
parlc, mon ftere parle ; nous parlous, il parlent, 
mes freres parleront, mon frere et ma siBur ont 
parle.— The 2d. The article agrees in gender and 

2. For a Substantive — Ascertain its gender and number with its substantive, and so do the adjec- 


3. For an Adjective— Find the Substantive with agrees. 

4. For a Preposition and a Conjunction— Ob- 
nerve what word or words they govern in the 

5. Never lose sight of two fundamental rules 

tive and pronoun. Ex. liC bon pere, un inechant 
pere, les bons pcres: la honne mere, une ni6- 
chant mere, les bonnes meres. 

This previous care rcrt//y shortens the time re- 
quired for writing an e.xcrc ise ; anil prevents that 
random manner of composing which torments the 
mast<;rs, and disgusts llie pupils. 


N. B. When the learners come to this sijclion, 
it may be supposed they are ablo to make out a 
common Frt- neh sentence ; therefore no traiisla- 
lioTi will be given to the examples. But, in sup- 
posing the contrary, they may first b<; employed 

in translating the examples, which will thus ac- 
cidentally become doubly useful. 

1. Nouns us<;d in a general sense; take no article 
in English, but they must have the definite arti- 
cle in French. Ex. Le pain est cher. La vie n'esi 


qii'un songe. Lcs rois ne sont que des homines. 
La paii ei raboiidance rendeut les homines heu- 

2. By a consequence of the preceding rule, 
names of countries, kingdoms, and provinces 
lake no article in English^ but tliey receive tne 
definite article in French. 

Rx. La France est plus grande que I'Angle- 
terre, plus petite que la Kubsie, et aussi grande 
que I'Espagne. La Brctagne est moins fertile 
que la Aorinandie. L' Arabic a la Perse a rE:st, 
et PAfriipie au Sud. 

3. If the sentence expresses the going to a 
country (in Europe) or the coining from Tt, the 
article is commonly supplied by the prepositions 
en and de — But, if the country is not in Europe, 
the preceding rule has generally its lull force. 
F.x. Guand irez-vousen France, "en Espagne, en 
Itaiie, en Turquie? II vieui d'arriver de Portu- 
gal, de Russie, de Pologne, de Suede— 11 est alle 
au Japon, a la chine, au Me.\ique, au Perou. 
J'arrive du Perou, de la Guiane, de I'lndostan. 

4. When two comparatives are set, either in 
opposition, or in conipari&:>n, in the same sen- 
tence, the definite article expressed in English, 
is not to be rendered in French. Kx. Plus je la 
vols, plus je I'aime. Plus je le frcquenle, moins 
je restiine. 

5. A noim of measure and u-eight takes the ar- 
ticle a or an in English, and the definite le, la in 
French. — Par often supplies /<•, la in sf>eaking of 
reckoning, salary, attendance, &c. F.%. La viande 
EC vend oiize sous la livre. Cette dentelle vaut 
nne guin6e I'aune. Ce diner nous coulera six 
chelins par t^'te. Ou voiis demandera deux che- 
lins par mille. Je lui donne cinquante guin6es 
par an. Je donne deux guinees par mois, etje 
recois deux leconspar semaine. 

6. Of is frequenly understood in English, and 
pupplied by an aiKistrojihe. but it must be ex- 
pressed in French. F.x. Le cliapeau de mon frere. 
Le manchon de masccur. La modestie de Caro- 
line. Les folles depenses de votre ami. 

7. Of is likewise suppressed in Englieh in 
many comfxtund nftuns, but it must be expressed 
in French ; viz. 

Sometimes by «}, aw, a la, h V , aux, to express 
how things are prepared or combined, or to de- 
fine tlieir fitness and instrumental use. Fx. Un 
inoulin a raft'e. De la prmdre a canon. Le march6 
au foin. Du frcmiage a la creme. La bouieille a 
I'encrc. — Likewise to describe a jierson or a thing 
by some distinctive sijrn or habit, fx La fenuiie 
p.iix huiircs. La demoise le au rnhan bleu. 

Sometimes by de, to express a simple relation 

between two ncruns, the second of which has al 
ways tJie mcanitig of an adjective. In Jiabit d'e- 
cariate. Un jKintde pierre. Des has de soic Une 
maison de bnque. Un carossede remise, a glajsa 

b. When a preposition and a noun, or a verb 
and a noun, present tlie sense of an adjective or 
of an adverb; that is, express only one idea, no 
article is to be used. Ex. Je suis sans amis. IVous 
vivons sans souci. Etudiez avec attention. II a 
confiance en vrus. J'ai compassion de lui 

9. Proper names take no article, excejit those 
of s<jme renowned Italian poets and painters , 
and some names formed from common substnn 
lives. Ex. Ale.vandre, Pyrrhus et Cesar ont de- 
sole la terie ; le Tasse, I'Arioste, et le Titien ont 
illusire I'lialie. Lisez les fables de ia Fontaine, 
et les caracteres de la Bmyere. 

10. When some or any are either expressed or 
understood in English, they are rendered into 
French by the partitive article du, de. In, do /', 
des, or the preposition de before adjectives. Ex. 
J'ai du papier, de la cire, de I'encre et des plumes. 
Avez vous achele du the. delamoutarde, de I'in- 
digo et des cerises? II a du courage et de Ja ge- 
ne recite.— J'ai de beau jtapier, d'excellente cire, 
de bonne encre etde bonnes plumes. 

11 . But if the adjective and substantive form 
together a kind of compound noun, that is, pre- 
sent but one idea, the article resumes its right. 
Ex. C'est un admirateur du bon touet du bel-es- 
prit. Cet homme a du bon sens. 

J2. The French make use of de in some par- 
ticular phrases— After quclque chose, ritn, quoi, 
qudqu'un persovnc, pns, point, avtant, assei, 
benucoup, and all adverbs expressing quantity.— 
Before a participle preceded by a noun of num- 
ber. ITr. Quelque chose d'etoimant. Jenesais 
rien de nouveau. Quoi de plus juste que cette 
loi ! Y a-t-il quelqu'un de mecontent? 11 n'a pas 
d'argent. Je n'ai point d'ambition. Nous avons 
auiant de livresque vous. Elle a beaucoupd'en- 
fans. II y a eu deux officiers de blesses, et dix 
hommes de tue.*. 

\'.\. Bien, in the sewse of beaueonp. requfresthc 
df finite article, whereas beaucovp takes only de. 
Ex. Bien du chacrin— beaucoup de chagrin 
Bien des amis — beaucoup d'amis. Bien de Tar- 
pent— beaucoup d'argent. Bien de la modestie — 
beaucoup de nKxiesiie 

14. The articles a and the are often inserted in 
the form of a short parenthesis, when they are 
not to ne expressed in French. Ex. Le Due d'Or- 
leans, prince du sang, a ete guillotine a Paris, 
Alexandre fils de Philippe, tua son anru Clym», 


- n guerre, fleau dcs peuples, est le jeu des priu- 
-. Les plus belles tieurs, iiaturelle image de la 
iiut , ne dureiit t;uere i)lus d'uii jour. 

15. 4 and one used in English before hundred 
and thousand, are not to be expressed iu Frencli. 
Ex. J'ai gagne niille guin6fes. Je vous en prete- 
tai cent. L'an mil liuil cent dix ncuC Dussions- 
iious vivre cent ans, disons nreme mille ans, il 
nous resteroit encore bien des clioses a appren- 

16. Tlie article a is not to be expressed in 
Frencli, after tiie verbs etrc, devenir, passer., pour, 
&c. wlien they have not ce for their subject. Ex. 
II est niedecin. Elle est duchesse. Vous devien- 
drez royaliste — C'est un jii6decin. C'est une 

The reason of tlie rule is, that, in the construc- 
tion williout cc, tJie substantive is taken a</;'ecai;e- 


1. We repeat again, as a very essential rule, 
that the adjective must agree with its suljstantive 
in gender and number. Ex. Un liomme adroit, 
des homines adroits. Une femme adroite, des 
femmes adroites. 

2. When two or m'ire substantives have a 
conunon adjective, thai adjective nmst be in the 
plural. — If the substantives are of ditlerent gend<.'r, 
the adjective must be of the masculine plural. 
Ex. Monfrereet mononclesonthardis. Masceur 
et ma tante sont hardit^s. Mont frure et ma soeur 
bont liardis. 

3. If there is no verb between the substantives 
and tlie adjective, Ihat adjective agrees v/iih the 
last substantive. Ex. Cet acleur jnue-avec un 
gout et une nobhwse (;liarniante. Cet acteur joue 
avec une noblesse et un gout charmaut. 

4. The jilace of an adjective in French, is com- 
monly aficr its substantive.* Ei. Je hais le tenis 
froid. J'ainie la nnisique Iialien?ie. Elle avoit 
une robe blene. Une fennne douce et modeste. 

5. However, we may observe here that the ad- 
jectives beau, hon, grand, petit, jeuve,joli, mau- 
vnis, and mf-ehant are generally plac(-d before 
their s'.ibstaiitivcs. Ex. Un bean cheval. Un bon 

ly, and the Frencli syntax does not permit to 
place an article before an adjective, separated 
from its substantive by a verb. We exjilain in 
the syntax of tiie verbs, vvlien cc in to be used. 

17. Tiie article is to be repeated in Frencli be- 
fore all the substantives that are oitiier tiie sub- 
ject or the object of the same vci b. Ex. Le bled, 
le vin, I'huile et les legumes soni les licliesses 
naturelles d'un etat. J'admire la patience, 1' in- 
duslrie, I'economie, la sobriete et la perseverance 
d'un bon agriciilteur. 

18. The preposition in, which follows a super- 
lative in English, is rendered into French by du, 
de la, de V, des, de. Ex. Elle passe pour la plus 
belle femme de Londres. C'est le plus beautema 
de I'annee. Je iiommerois bien hs plus grands 
coquins du royaume. La plus giande villc des 
Pays Bas. 


enfant. Une grande femme. De petits oiseaux. 
Une jeunehlle. Dejolisrubans. Demauvais vin. 
Un intchaiit hoiiime. 

G. JVm, naked, and demi, Jialf, agree with their 
substantive, when they follow it ; and remain in- 
declinable when they precede it. Ex. II va nu- 
pieds, nu-tete ; il va les pieds nns, la tete«nue. 
J'ai achete une aiine et demie de diap, et une 
demi-aiine de dentelle. 

7. Tout, ill the sense of all and whole, agrees in 
gender and number with its substantive. Ex 
Tout le royaume, toiite la terre ; tons les liom-«^ 
UK'S, toutes les femmes. 

But tout in the sense of though, evtr so jnnch, 
and (juitc, has a very irregular construction be- 
fore adjectives, substantives takt-n adjectively, 
and adverbs. — If the adjective is masculine, tout 
is aiioays indeclinable. — If the adj'Ctive is fe- 
minine, most writers make towt deilinalile before 
a consonant, and indeclinable beline a vowel. — 
Ex. Un hoiiime tout jilein de cduir; des homines 
tout pleins de C(Eiir. Tout brave qu'il e&t; tout 
braves qu'ils sont — Kile est tout attligf^'e ; elle est 
loute rejouie ; ellcs sont tout atiligef-s ; elles sont 
tontcs itijouies. — Tout aiinable (jn'elle est ; tout 

* I say cnmiaoiilij, because it often happens that 
t!ie same adji'ctivcs may be placed eitln.'r b(;foie 
or after their subslaiitives. But, this depending 
on a nicety of criticism and ear, which nothing 
but a long practice can give, and which it would 
be injudicious to suppose in beginners, I think it 
necessary to avoid such a dissertation in these 
Clements. - When the learners are well grounded 
in the fundanienial rules ; and liave, by reading 

much, sntticiently harmoiii/.ed their ears to the 
elegant and select turns of the French language, 
they may have lecom-st tu the Complitc Sy.-<tnn 
of ihc French Languagi-, by Mr. SALMON* from 
liage •2!t7 to 310, an e.vcellent treatise, which I 
have carefully consulted, with great pleasure to 
myself, and considerable advantage to this little 


aiinables qu'ellcs sont — Toiiie jolie qu'elle est, 
toutes Jolics qij'elles soiii — Elle est tout ceil el 
lout oreille ; elles soiit tout ceil et tout oreille. 

ri. Quflque in the sense of some, agrees willi 
its substantive. £x. Q,uelque lioniine, quelques 

Quii'jue with que in the sense of though, what- 
ever, is declinable: — when it is joined to a sub- 
stantive alone— or, to a substantive followed by 
its adjective — or, to an adjective iminediatebj fol- 
lowed by its substantive — But, it is indeclinable 
before an adjective, not iiumediately followed by 
its substantive— In all those cases the verb must 
lie put in the subjunctive. Ex. (iur-lques litres 
que vous ayez. Ciu»'lques litres 6clatans que vous 
ayez. (iuel>;ues grands litres que vous ayez. 
Quelque puissans que soient les rois. 

Quelgue, in the sense of whatever, immediately 
followed by a verb, in French, is resolved into the 
declinable adjective quel, quelle, quels, quelles, 
with que close to it, and the verb in the subjunc- 
tive. Ex. Quel que soil cet homme. Quelle que 
jiaroisse sa situation. Quels que puissent etre 
vos litres. Quelles que soient vos raisons. 

y. The adjective, without a substantive, is of 
the masculine gender, and lakes the article ; be- 
cause it has then the full value of a substantive. 
Ez. Preferous I'ulile a Tasr^able. Les enfans 
aiment le rouge. Le beau n'est pasloujours bon. 
J'aime niieux le vert que le bleu. 

10. The adjectives of dimension, such as hipk, 
d'cp, broad, Slc. have a peculiar construction in 
French. — Observe carefully; \st, to use acoir in- 
stead of ctre, when the adjective of dimension is 
turned into a substantive; 2ndlij, to repeal de be- 

Persoiuil Pronouns. — 1. .\ pronoun personal 
subject governs the verb; and a pronoun personal 
ohjlct is governed by the verb. 

s. o n. O. 8. 

F.I. Jo voU3 aiine. Vous nous consolez. — Nous 

0. , .t. 0. o. 

Its proti'geons. II lui parlera. Consolez-la. Par- 


2. A jironoin personal subject cannot be parted 
from its verb but by ,i pronoun personal object, 
tiifc snpplyina pronouns y, en, or the negative nr. 
Ez. \ou3 voyons souvenl voire frere. Je vous 
aimerai toiijours. Vous en parlez sans cesse. Je 
ne m'y fi-^ pas— .^nd not; Je toujours vous aime- 
rai ; no'13 souvent, voyons, &c. 

3. When m»ny pronouns of different persons 
re Uie subject of a verb, they become disjunc- 

fore the number, and before the substantive of 
dimension, with the verb etre, and with void, 
voila. Ex. Ce mur a vingt pieds de hauteur et 
trois de largeur. Voili un mur de vingt pieds de 
hauteur, et de trois de largeur ; or, de haul £z. de 

We might likewise say with the verb 6tre and 
an adjective — (,'e nmr csl haul de vingt pieds et 
large de trois. 

11. When an ordinal number is added in Eng^ 
lish to proper names, in order to point out their 
order or rank, we make use of a cardinal number 
in French, e.vcept for_^rs£aiid seco/iei that remain 
ordinal. Ex. Henri premier, second, trois, qualre, 
cinq, six, sept, hull. 

12. An adjective becomes comparative in 
French, by adding to it plus more, mains less, 
aussi so, tant so much, autant as much. Ez. Elle 
est plus belle, moins belle, aussi belle quesas4Eur. 
II n'a pasiaiitdf vanite que son frere. Voirs ar\'ez 
aut:int d'enncmis que d'amis. 

It appears from these examples that than and 
a.i, in the second term of a comparison, are ex- 
pressed by que. 

Tlie pnposiiion by, after a comparative, and 
Iwfore a noun expre.s?mg dimension or quantity, 
is conuuonly rendered into French by de. Ez. 
Vous etes plus haul que moi de deux pouces. 

I'.L The superlative is expressed in French by 
Ic, la, les, prefixed to plus ou moins— in is rendered 
by de, du, dc la, &cc. and que after a superlative 
retpiires the subjunctive. Ex. Le plus bel homme 
de la ville. La plus belle femme que je connoisse. 
Los ,.lus grands coquins de J'Europe. Le plus 
heurcux jour de ma vie. 

live, and a pronoun conjunctive in the plural 
number, and of the noblest person, is generally 
added to represent them all. Ex. Lui, elle, et 
moi nous allanies hier a la comtdie. Vous, Jul, 
et moi, nous ne nous accorderons jamais. Vous 
et lui, vous apprendrez le Francois. 

You might place the disjunctive pronouns after 
the verb, and say— Nous allames hier a la com6- 
die, lui, elle, et moi, &c. But not — lui, elle el 
moi allames, &.c. Vous el lui apprendrez, &c. 

4. However, when third persons only are the 
subject of a verb, no other pronoun is to be re- 
peated. Ex. Mon '"rere et lui viendront demain. 
Lui, elle, eux et ma soeur apprenent le Fran- 

5. When a pronoun personal i? governed by 
a verb, place it between the subject and the 
verb. Ex. Je le connois. Vous la connoisscz. 


Jc \ee connois, et je leur parlc souvent. — N. B. direct.-'N. B. The .lircci ohj.ct is never nffccl 
i\o pronoun atfecled with de, except e?i, can be ed by a preposition ; and llie indirect object is 
placed before a verb wliich governs it, witliout always afl'ected by de or o, expressed or under- 
being followed by que conductive. Ex. Je parle stood. JEi. Je vous le dirai. Vous nous les 
il« vous— c'est de vous que je parle. Vous avez donnerez. II vous la reconunande. Nous vous 
rnedit de lui, d'elle, de nous— c'est dc lui, d'elle, le rccoinmandons. 
de nous que vous avez medit. 10. If the pronouns are both of tlie third per 

6. If the verb is in the imperative, without a son, the direct pronoun comes before the indi 
rjfo-aejoTi, then tJie pronoun comes after the verb. reel. fia;. Je le lui dirai. Vous les leur donne- 
—if there is a negation, follow the preceding rez. 

rule. Ez. Dites-moi, dites-lui, dites-nous— Ne 11. The supplying pronouns y and en come 

me diles pas, ne lui dites pas, ne leur ditcs pas. close to the verb, wnen they are construed with 

7. When two imperatives, without a negation, any other pronouns; and en always follows y, 
come together with pronouns, it is better to place when they both happen to meet togcrher. Ex. Jc 
the first pronoun after the 1st verb, and the se- vous les y apporterai. II nous en dormera. Vous 

cond before <hc 2d verb. Ex. Voyez-le, et lui 
dites de vonir me voir. Parlez-leur, et leur dites 
de se mieux comiwrier. 

leur y en enverrez. Je leur y en t6moignerai 
mon m6contcnteraent. 
The following list may, with a little ingenuity, 

8. With reflected verbs- with penser, allcr, be of great use to beginners, and soon accustom 

and venir, or any verb taken in a se.'ise in which 
it cannot receive a direct object, place the pro- 
noun personal after the verb.— Ex. Je me plains 
d'i vous. Elle s'est address6e a moi. Je pensois 
a eux. Get enfant veut aller a vous. II veut ve- 
nir a moi. Couiez a lui. II est accouru a moi. 

their eyes and ears to the union of pronouns and 
verbs, either interrogatively, or negatively. You 
are to suppose tlie pronouns in each line to be 
in the same i)lace of the asterisks; read them 
often in that order, and it will soon be out of 
your power to place them wrong. T/itis ; II me 

9. When two pronouns personal are governed le donnera ; ke will gioe it to me. Sec. II fl|t^'y 
by a verb, tlie indirect object comes before tlie enverra; he will send it to me, Sec. ^^ 

Me le, me la, me les, m'en — II * * donnera 
Me I'y, me les y, m'y, m'y en — II * * enverra 
Te le, te la, te les, t'en— * * donnerai-je 1 

Te I'y, te les y, t'y, t'y en— * * enverrai-je ? M 

Nous l!, nous la, nous les, nous en— II ne * * donne pas 
Nous I'y, nous les y, nous y, nous y en- II no * * enverra pas 
Vous le, vous la, vous les, vous en— Ne * * donnerai-je pas? 
Vous I'y, vous les y, vous y, vous y en — Ne * * enverrai-je pas 
Se le, se la, se les, s'en— II * * proraet 
Se I'y, se les y, s'y, s'y en— II * * procura 
Le lui, la lui, les lui, lui en— Nous * * promcttons 
Le leur, la leiir, les leur, leur en — Vous ne * * donnez pas 
Le leur y, la leur y, les leur y, leur y en—* * enverrai ic? 
From iJiis list it appears that no pronoun af- Conduisez-moi ; amusetoi ; donnez-m'en— Don 
fected by dc, except en, can come before a verb, nez-le-lui, la-lui, les-lui, le-leur, &c. 
Ex. Je me moque de lui : il mi'dit de vous ; and Hdly. Jiiui, toi, nous and vous are placed after 
""!•; J^J"^ '"' moque ; il vous medit. le, la, Irs; but the pronoun.s of the tjiird person, 

!tlier, s 
procureles-toi ; promel 
surez-lt's-vous— Donnez-le-hii, la-lui, les-leur,&c 
12. On. The pronoun indeterminate on may 
be rendered into English by one, we, people, men. 
— Uon has the same meaning, and is only em- 
ployed to avoid ambiguity, or a harsh sound. 
. . 13. On has generally a plural meaning, but It 

When tliey are linked with en; but the pronouns always governs its verb in the tingular num 
of the tlurd person are not to bi altered. Ex. b<'r. 

The foregoing list stands good, all through, for linked together, sutler no change. Ex. Donnez 
verbs in the imperative, with a ne.tration—Nc me Ic-moi ; procureles-toi ; promettez-le.s-nous ; as 
le donnez pas ; ne me I'y envoyez pa.«, &,c. 

But, with verbs in the imperative without a 
nriration, make the tollowing observations— 1st. 
The pronouns are jilaced after the imperative. 
Ex. Donnez-le-nous ; envoyez-le-nous. 

2dly. JIfc and tc become 7noi and toi, except 


Rt. On craint de se voir tel qu'on est, parce que 
Ion a*est pas ce qu'on devroit etre. 

14. On must be repeated before every verb 
that has the saun; subject. Ez. On epie'la tor- 
tune, on travaille, on se fatigue, on cherche lous 
les nioyens de la rixer ; el apres bien des soiiis, 
le tonibeau s'ouvre, et i'on s'appercoit trop tard 
que tout ici bas nest que vanite. 

15. Avoid tile passive turn so conunon in 
English ; and by the means of on, bring the 
verbs to an active slate, in such sentences as iJie 
following ones. Ez. On n'a pas encore recu les 
ictlres qu'oa attendoit. On a fait de grandes 
rcjouissances, et Ton ne sait trop pourquoi. On 
a en voy6 ordre de ramener les troupes, et Ton 
espere qu'elles arriveront demain. On seroil 
toujours en pai.Y, si Ton diminuoit de moitie, eu 
teuis de guerre, ies profits des gens en place. 

16. En^ in some particular phrases, and with 
the adverbs of quantity, is not to be expressed in 
English ; but it cannot bo dispensed with in 
French. Ez. Vous avez plus d'oranges que je 
n'en ?i. Vous n'avcz pas tant de livres que j'en 
ai. Avez-vous autant di chevau.x en France que 
nous en avons en Angleterre 1 II en est de vous 


1. All poaaessive Pronouns, either conjunctive 
or relative, but mor-e clearly those of the third 
person, a?ree, in English, with the possessor of 

%^hing, and in French with the thing possessed. 

^Mt. Votre fiere a perdu son chapeau ; votre 
gfEur a perdu son chapeau. Votre mere a perdu 
sa boarse ; votre pere a perdu sa bourse. 

Translate these examples, and you will find 
the English ones ruled by the gender of the 
P')S.?i;s9ors, fnre, sttur, mere, pere; and the 
French, by the gender of the thing possessed, 
chap^fin bourse. 

2. When a noun feminine begins with a vow- 
oT, or an h mii!e, the French sacrifice the syntax 
to harmony, and make use of motiy ton, son, in- 
.stead of ma, ta, sa. Ez. .Min anie est fort uu- 
deasiis de ma fortune. — Ton indn.-Jtrie te nienera 
loin. Son insolence lui fera perdre tons ses amis. 
Mo!i humanit6, ton humeur, son humility. 

3. The personal pronouns supply in French 
the possessive pronouns, when we speak of the 
several parts of the body, or even of any thing 
boloniing to the body, such as life, cnurairc, com- 
■plcrion, sirrht, noicr, mind. Sec. If that turn cre- 
ates no ambiaiiiiy— £;?. J'ai mal a la t6te. II 
s'est coupe ledoigt. Vous avez I'reil enfl6. II 
m'a attaqu6 I'honneur. Vousm'arrachcriez plu- 
tot !a vie. Lc courage lui manque.— But say .• 

cnmme de moi. II en est de cela coinme de la 
plupart des choses du monde. 

17. Le is often usod,to represent either a part 
of a sentence, or an adjective, or a substantive 
e.mployfid adjrcrivcly ;.aud it is then indeclina- 
ble— It is rendered into English by so, and 
someiinies not expressed at all. Ex. Ditcs-moi, 
mon ami, pourriez-vous aller a pied de Londres 
a York 1 Oui, je le pourrois. Ei bien, Mesdamcs, 
etes-vous tres occupees 1 Recllement, nous le 
sommes. Ust-eUii tiWe (unmarried?) Oui, et je 
pense qu'elie le sera long-temps. 

But, when the word "represented is really a 
substantive, or an adjective employed stibstaji- 
ticcly, then make use of le, la, les, according to 
the gender and number of that substantive. Ez. 
<^tes-vous la fille de Mr. West? Oui, Monsieur, 
jo la suis. Etes-vous la malade que ^ladanie 
Clinton m'a recommand6e7 r^on, Monsieur, jc 
ne la suis pas. 

If the substantive is of the plural number, it ia 
better to avoid making use of les, in order to 
give an easier turn to the sentence. Ex. Etes- 
vous les filles de Mr. Coke 1 Oui, Monsieur— 
without nous les sommes. 

See page six, and the N. B. 
Je crois que ma jambe est onflee. Ponrquol 
vous moquez-vous de ma t6te chauvel— /-d 
jambe and la tete would render the sentence am 

4. In a familiar way of addressing persons, 
the possessive pronoun is left out in English, bul 
not in French. Ex. Voulez-vous faire un toui 
de jardin, ma soeur ? Reellement, je ne le puis 
mon frere. 

5. In speaking of inanimate objects, the pos- 
sessive its and thrir are expressed in French by 
en. — Ex. Cette plante est fort commune, ct ce- 
pendant je n'en connois pas les vert us. Cettc 
maison inc plait; j'en aime la situation. 

6. In the English phrases in which the word 
sake \s joined to a possessive pronoun, the French 
make use of a personal pronoun. Ez. Faitoa 
le pour I'amour de moi, de lui, de nous, &c. Do 
it for my sake, &.c. 

7. The relative possessive pronouns mine, 
thine, yours, &;c. agree, like the conjunctive, with 
the nouns to which they relate, and they take the 
definite article in French. Ez. Votre frere et le 
mien ; votre soeur et la mienne. — See page xix. 

8. When the verb to be, in the sense of to be- 
Ions to, is joined to a relative possessive pronoun, 
and has a noun for its subject, the pos.'=essive 
pronoun is rendered into French by a personaJ 


pionouu. JEr. Ce livre est a moi. Cctte uiai- rendered into French by a conjunctive posses- 
ton eat a nous. Cet eventaii est a elle. sive. Ex. \Ji\ de uies amis ma niontre un da 

i3. Tlie Euglish idiom of mine, of yours, Sec. is vos livres ; a friend of mine, &.c. 

I. Qui and que, without a preposition, and he- lative pronoun, in speaking of situation, place, 
r re a verb, are apphcable to any substantive. Ex. and time. Ex. C'estune atiaire oii il vaut mieux 

/Uomuie qui parle; la femme qui chante; ie 

iitjval qui court; les oiseaux qui voleut; les 

etoiles (iui brillent. — L'honune que vous connois- 

ne pas entrer. La maison oii je demeure. Le 
siecle ou nous vivons. 
5. Que, uniting two verbs, and after a noun, is 

saz ; la femme que vous louez; les oiseaux que often understood in English ; but it is always ex- 

voiis elevez ; les chevaox que vous avez ache- pressed in French. Ex. Je crois que vous ave/ 

tes; les etoiles que vous observez. — Hence it raison. On dit que nous aurons bientot la paix. 

appears that qui is used, wlien it relates to a Les Livres que vous avez aclietes. Les femmes 

noun that governs the verb; and que is used, que vous frequentez. 

when it relates to a noun that is governed by the 6. When that after a verb, signifies to the end 

verb. that, translate it into French by afin que or pour 

•2. When a verb governs Its object with the que, with the subjunctive ; or ajiii de and pour 

lielp of a preposition, qui cannot be applied to wiiJi the infinitive. Ex. Je vous enseigue afin 

irrational and inanimate beings ; it is supplied que vous appreniez. Je vous le dis pour que vous 

bydont, duquel, de laquelle, desquels, dcsquelles; le sachiez. 11 est venu afin d'obtenir cette grace. 

auquel, a laquelle, auxqaels, auxquelles. Ex. Le J'ai fait tout mon possible pour gagner son ami- 

cheval duquel, or dont je me sers ; la science a ti6. 

laquelle je m'applique, &c. 

3. Dont is used for all genders and numbers, 
and it is applicable to any substantive, but it can 
never be interrogative. — Ex. L'homme dont je 

7. Quoi is only said of things, and can never 
be used but with verbs that require a preposition. 
Ex. A quoi pensez-vous? C'estde quoi je m'in- 
quiete pen. C'est a quoi je ne pense pas — But 

parle ; la femine dont vous parlez ; la montie say; Q,ue ditcs-vous 7 Que me conseillez-vous ? 

iloiit je me sers. due cherchez-vous ? And not; Quoi dites-vous, 

4. Ou is often an elegant equivalent for a re- &c. It is bad language. 

Demonstrative Pronouns. The list (page xx) some other turn, bring the sentence to a less 

is sutficient for our purpose in these elements, complicated order. Ex. They are not always 

and we shall only make here the following re- happy who seem to be so ; or, such are not al- 

marks. way s,Si.c.—Ii/iilatc the following turns: Ceu.\ qui 

1,. Ho who, she who, they who, &;c. are never to paroissent etre heureux, ne le sont pas toujours. 
b3 rendered into French by il qui, elle qui, &c. — Ce n'est pas toujours etre lieureu.\ que de le pa- 
Out by: Celui qui, celle qui, ceu.v qui, celles qui. loitre. Quoiqu'on paroisse heureux, on ne Test 
Ex. Celui qui m6prise I'etude, n'en connoit i»as pas toujour.-;. Ou paroit souvent heureux, sans 
le prix. Celle qui ne compte que sur sa I)eaut6, J'etre en eft'et — Or, nearer the English, by adding 
batit sur le sable. Ceux qui se battent contre Za— Ceux-hi ne sont pas toujours lieureu.\, qui 
K'ur patrie, sont des scelerats. Celles qui ecou- paroi.-^sent I'etre. 

to. it Ifs riaiteurs, out souvent a s'eii repentir. 3. Ce qui and ce que are expressed in F.nglish 

. 2. Avoid all tiie inversions by which the sub- by tchat, and that which—qui directs the verb, 

jpct of the verb is parted from its relative, and, and que is governed by it. Ex. Ceque vous diles. 

by the means of the demonstrative pronouns, or Cequi me plait. 


verb, try lo find it, before you write a sentonco, 
and you will avoid in;niy errors. F.x. Le bon 
r.ha?ioine,s'\ni»<i\n;\\n q#un si grand intdccin ne 
pouvoit faire de faux raisonnemens, st^ laissa 
sai'»n(;r san.« resistance. fJon .'llp/ioiisr, apreg 
avoir rei-u ses pate!it<:s, piriit de .Madrid avoc sa 
± The subject being sometimes far from its famille. ' 

I. Thi; vor!> agrees witli its subject, in person 
and number. Ex. Je parle, tu danses, il chante, 
e'i'> brode, on s'amuse, mon frere demeure a 
Bath ; nous jouona, vous 6tudiez, il.s dessinent, 
oli( 3 travaillent, mon oncle et ma tante viennent 


S. Many nouns, in Uie singular, connected ns 
the subject of a verb, will have that verb in tlie 
plural number. Kx,. Sa douceur, sa poJitesse, 
sa francliise, et so!i savoir lui lout irouver des 
amis par-ioul ou il va. Voire insolence, votre 
grossierct6, votre duplicite et voire pedanterie 
faliauent tous ccux \\iic vous Iruquentez. 

When \vc conclude an enumeration of objects, 
the words toiu and ricn may determine Die verb 
to tJie singular, and give a lively turn to the sen- 
tence. Ez. Meis simples, ragoiiis, chair, poisson, 
legumes, tout est Iwn quand on a faim. Gestes, 
s'jupirs, regards, pensees, rieu n'6chapp€ a la ja- 

4. After adverbs of quantity, such as beaucoup, 
pcu, tant^ (See. and after collective nouns, such as 
lajjlupurt, nonibre, sorte, espcce, troupe, ice. fol- 
lowed by a noun plural, the verb becomes plu- 
ral. Ex. Beaucoup de personnes sont capables 
de faire une action sage ; mais bien peu savent 
faire une action genoreuse. IJn petit nonibre 
d'amis lui resttrenu Tant de fantaisies devien- 
nent ennuyantes, &.c. 

5. When two verbs come togetlier, if the se- 
cond has no subject, it is to be put in the infini- 
tive; whetlier the sign to be prefixed to it or not. 
Kr. V'oulez-vous me preier votre dictionnairel 
Je n'ose lui parer.— J'ailai sur le champ descen- 
dre a une hotellerie pres du chateau. 

C. If the first verb is the auxiliary to kavc, or 
to be, the second verb must be used in the parti- 
ciple. Ez. II a abuse de mon amitie. Nous 
avons veiidu nos chevaux. Vous ctes arriv6 trop 
tard. II.-: seront severement punis. 

7. When to be expresses a necessity, or an in- 
tention, it is rendered by devoir, with the second 
verb in the infinitive. Ez. Devez-vous partir ce 
5oir? Nous devoiis aller demain a Windsor. 

8. j], de, and pour. A verb, or a noun, may 
govern another verb in the infinitive, either with 
a, de, and pour, or sometimes without any pre- 

y. A is used before an infinitive — when to 
might be expressed by in with a gerund — to ex- 
press an inclination to something— to denote 
employment, occupation, use— when the verb has 
a passive turn which is or might be rendered by 
to be into English.— T^z. II se plait a dtssiner. 
.'" m'amuse a ecrire ct a lire— Jaime a conver- 
?nr. Vous disposez-vous a partir pour Oxford? 
Elle s'attache a vous fiaire en uiut. II m'en- 
seigne a jouer du violon. Vous ra'autorisez a 
vous parler sincerement. C'est une affaire a 
vous ruiner. Cela m'aide a vivre. Ce cheval me 
sert a tirer et a porter. — Voila des fruits bons a 

cueillir. Sa compagnie est a 6vitcr. Celte gucrro 
est difficile a souienir. 

10. JJc is used before an infinitive, when to 
may be supplied by of or from with a gerund. 
£^1 Vous nrempechez de iravailler. J'eus bien 
tot une autre occ;ision d'employer mon credit. 
Ne vous lassez pas de vous monirer a la cour. 
JafTectai de recevoir ses ordres d'un air gia- 

IJ. Pour before a verb, determines the cause 
or the end of an action, and commonly answers 
to in order to in English. Ez. J'interromiJis 
mon secretaire jKiur lui demandcr, oii il avt'il 
pris ces livres. II ne fera jamais rien pour voui 
obliger. Nous eclalions souvent de rire, moina 
pour applaudir a ses saillies que pour nous en 

1:2. Some verbs govern the infinitive without 
any preposition before it. TIil' most usual are 
aller, venir, devoir, oser, paro'Ure, scmbler, pou- 
Toir,falloir, vuuloir, croire, compter, daigTicr,Scc 
Ez. Allez diner. Venez me voir. Je dois ecrire 
a votre frere Osez-vous me repondre de 1? 
sorlcl Vous paroisiez vous ennuyer, Je |>our 
rois me passer de lui. Il faut savoir se taire. J« 
ne veux plus le voir. Je sais vivre de peu. 

13. The infinitive is elegantly used, without a 
preposition ; sometimes iis the subject of th« 
sentence; and sometimes with the ellipsis of the 
verb wliich governs it. Ex. Moiirir n'est lien, 
quand on a bien vecu. S'occuper de fotcs et de 
danses, quand les pauvrcs nieiirent de faini, c'esi 
insulter a riiumanite. Moi: revoir cet hoinine ! 
Jamais. Vous! tamper sous cet ignorant San- 
gradol N'tn faites rien. 

INDICATIVE. 1. Let us ob.<crve that the 
Englisli turn of tlie verb to be, joined to a ge- 
rund, must be av(jided in French. Ex. 1 am 
writing; Jie was dancing, v/e were dining, &.c. 
— J'^cris; il dansait, nous dinions — Or, with the 
preposition a; Je suis a ecrire; il etoit a dan- 
ser ; nous ctoins a diner. — But never: Je suis 
ecrivanl, &.c. 

2. The presait in English answers to the pre-, 
sent in French. Ez. Je travaille. je vols quel- 
ques amis, et je tache de me croire heureux. 

3. The present tense elegantly supplies the 
preterite, in lively descriptions ; and sometimes 
it represents the future. Ez. La fuieur qui 
animoit cet audacieux, excita la niienne. Je 
m'avance pour le punir, et nous commencons un 
rude combat. Dona Helena et sa suivante en- 
tendent le bruit des ep^es ; elles poussent de 
grands cris, qui obligeni Ics valets a se lever 
lis sont bientot sur pied, et ils accourent pou 


j^parer les combatlans ; mais ils arrive rent trop 
t;ml. — Je pars deiuain, avez-vous quelques or- 
ates a me donrior 1 La poste arrive ce soir ; at- 
tiiidez-vous des letlres. 
•1. Tile future is generally used in French as 
I English — Ex. La philnso|)hie tSclairera les 
onnnes; ils cesseront enfin d'etre ligres. Nos 
iM ULs-neveux se demanderont ce qu'on appeloit 
j-uidatsdans le dixneuvieme siecle, et rhunianiie 
li'ur fera verser des larracs, ea hsant noire his^ 

5. The preterite indefinite, or compound of the 
[iresent (fai aime, fai Jini, &c.) denotes an ac- 
iion which has hap[tened in the day in which we 
'rj.eak — (jr, in a lime past, but not specified— or, 
.1 a lime past, but which holds to a period slill 
■ visting. — Kz. J'ai dejenne ce matin avec voire 
Feur, et nous avons beaucoup parle de vous. 
J'ai vu voire frere il y a quelques jours; j'ai 
loujours dit que Tinconstance seroit la cause 
de sa mine ; il ra'a souvent promis de s'appliquer, 
ni;us il ne m'a jamais lenn parole. J'ai en la 
tievre au commencement du prinienis. J'ai din6 
deux I'ois avec voire pcre dans le con is de ce 
Miois. Nous avons eu bien des r6voluiions [)en- 
flant ce siecle.— Here the time of the fever, &c. 
is really piist ; but the whole of tJie spring, of the 
week, and of the century, is not elapsed, when 1 
;ii)i sptiaking ; therefore such a lime isconsideied 
just as the day in which I exist. 

a. Tlic imperfect (J'aaiiois, jc fmissois, Sec.) 
"xpre?ses an action beffuu before the time we now 
hung to our consideration, ax\dfinis/icd we know 
not when — or an action expressed as habitual — 
or an action which miglit have been habitual, if 
nothing had hindered il from taking place. Kz. 
I'oursuivis par les Maurcs, ces inforlun^s vivoient 
sur les montagnes, ou demeuroient dans des sou- 
terrains — J'appercus des cuisiniers qui pr«^pa- 
roient un feslin. Ceux-ci mettoient des converts, 
ceux-Ia remplissoient de vin dee cruches de terre, 
et les aulres tournoient des broches, oii il y avoit 
toutes sortes de viandes. — Richelieu respiroii la 
hauteur et la vengeance ; Mazarin 6toii sonple 
et avare— Si les hommes 6toie.U plus sages, s'ils 
vivoient en freres, s'ils savoient apprecicr tons 
les avanlages de la paix, la guerre ccsseroit bien- 
t6t <!'exercer ses fureurs. 

7. The preterite or definite tense, {faimai, je 
re^us, je vins, &c.) denotes an action begun and 
finished in a time entirely past and specified. Ex. 
Nous vimes alors sortir du village et enlrer dans 
la plaine, uq grand concours de personnes ; c'eioi- 
ent les deux 6poux. Nous aliames au-devant 
d'eux, et Diego se fit connoitre. Des cris de joie 

s'eleverent dans rassembl6e, et chacun s'em 
pressa de courir a lui. Nous passames .a nuit 
dans ce bouig, et nous partimes de leuucmain 
pour Cuenca. 

*;^* A s tiiose tenses are very puzzling to begin- 
ners, let us explain them furlJier. 

In any narration a time of action is chosen, 
wliicli lime the speaker supposes present; and 
all tile actions that nappen then, and finish then, 
aie to he related in a preterite tense— The ac- 
tions whicli existed beloie the lime chosen for 
the narration, and are supposed to continue ex- 
isting during that lime, are to be described hi 
the iinpcrfrct tense. The actions which have 
liappened before the time chosen for the narra- 
tion, but without our knowing piecisely when 
they have happened, are to be related in a ftre- 
terite iiideJiintc—By which it ajipears that the 
Imperfect di. scribes; the Preterite indefinite re- 
lates, without marking any time ; and the Pre- 
terite rtlatis a series of facts past in a lime spe- 
cified, and made now present. 

*:^* Let the beginner try to apply tiie preced- 
ing definitions and remarks to the following past 

J'etois dans cette disposition, quand j'appercus 
dans le jardin un paysan qui me regardoii avec 
alteniion. Je crus que c'etoil un jardinier: je 
I'eiivisageai, el je m'imaginai reconnoitre le 
nialheurcux Alvar. Je poussai un grand cri. . 
J'etois senle avec Ines qui avoit le plus de part 
a ma confiance ; je lui dis le soupcon qui ni'agi- 
toii.— Ehe dcscendit au jardin, et peu de terns 
apres jr la vis rentrer fort 6inue. C'est Don Al- 
var, n;e dit-elie. Connne je pouvois le recevoir 
a riK urc meme, parce que le Marquis 6toit a 
Hurirns, je chargeai ma suivante de I'amener. 
Je !:; ivanruis df's qu'il entra. Ra«surez-vou8, 
Ma<l:inif, me dit-il, je suis instruil de toutes les 
peis. rutions que vous avez soufferles. On a r6- 
pandu le bruit de ma mort, et vous I'avez cru, 
parce qu'aiicune leltre de ma part ne vous assu- 
roii du coniraire. Je sais de quelle maniere voiia 
avez vecn, et que la n6cessit6, p!ut6t que I'aniour 
vous a jct(-e dans les bras du Marquis. 

SURJUxVCTlVE. We have here two ques- 
tions to examine. The 1 jt— When is the sub- 
junctive to be used in French 1 The 2</.— What 
is the correspondence between the lenses of the 
indicative, and those of the subjunctive ? 

Some conjunctions, all comjKiunded oi qv 
wavs require the subjunctive ; for wh' -«, al- 
pnl'r. xxxvi. But que, by itself, sonv -^ "ee 
qnirint: the subjunctive, and sonieti- .stimes re- 
niiisl examine lire cause of that va- ^nes not, we 
A .lation. 

1. After all verbs (either icith or without a ne- 
gaiioa) expressing doubt, ff^ar, icish, uncertainty, 
cornrnanJ, nccessUy; or iiideed any passiov, af- 
fection, or desire of the mind, que governs tiie 
subjunctive. Ex. Je doute qu'il vienne. Je 
Grains qu'il n'y aille. Je voudrois tju'ils fussent 
partis. II est possible qu'elle parte sans voiia le 
dire. Je suis surpris qu'ils vous aient parle de 
la sorte. II faut que je sorte tout-a-l'lieurc. II 
seroit fachoux que les ministres u'adoptassent 
pas ce plan. J'admire qu'il dorme si tranquille. 
Je serois bien-aise que nous les bactissions. Sup- 
posotis que ce bruit vienne a se r6pandre ; que 
ierez-vous ? La pluie empecha qu'on ue s'allat 
promener. II est a propos, il est uecessaire, il est 
juste que j'aille le voir. 

2. After all verbs (without au interrogation 
or a negation.) declaring neither doubt, fear, <Scc. 
aat merely expressing certainty and belief , the 
conjunction que governs the indicative. Ez. Je 
crois qu'il viendra. Je repondis que j'avois tort. 
Nous viinesqu'ils nous trouipoienl. Je demeure 
d'accord qu'elle sait emouvoir les spectateurs. 
Nous sentinies que nous avions atfaire a ua lia- 
bile homine. 

3. But, if such verbs are used either interroga- 
tively or negatively, que governs generally the 
subjunctive. Ez. Je ne crois pas qu'il puisse 
r6us3ir. Pensez-vous que la pais se fasse eel 
liiver 1 II n'est pas certain que vous puissiez lui 
parler. Auroit-nn cru que des homnies hbrcs 
eussent voulu se liguer contre la liberie ? 

*,* I say generally, because it sometimes hap- 
pens that que does not require the subjunctive, 
after a verb used either interrogatively or nega- 
tivcty.—This distinction requires some care and 
judgment. — If the interrogation or negation sup- 
poses uncertainty, then que requires the sub- 
junctive; but, in the contrary case, que requires 
the indicative. 

Indeed, this remark might serve as a general 
rule for the use of the subjunctive in any case, 
but it would perhaps be supposing too much 
grammatical accuracy in young people. 

4. (^ui, que, dont, oil, or any relative jironoun, 
serving to connect a verb with a relative super- 
lative, such as Ic plus sage, la plus sage, ii.c. 
will have that verb in the subjunctive. Ez. Cost 
la plus belle femme que je connoisse. Vous parlez 
du plus grand roi qui ait jamais exists. Un v6ri- 
lable ami est le tresor le plus pr6cieux dont on 
puiase jouir. II s'agit des affaires les plus d6- 
licatca oi jamais ministre se soil trouv6 en 

5. By a consequence of the preceding rule, 

qui, que, dont, Sec. generally require the subjunc- 
tive after ^ew/, unique, premier, dernier, personne, 
&.C. when they have the force of a superlative. 
Ez. Cest le seul h^nmie qui nous ail obliges. 
C'est r unique moycn qui puisse les convaincrc 
de leur folie. Ces doux uiinistres seniles pre- 
miers qui aint calcule de .>;ang-iroid les ressoureea 
de la traude et do I'infamie. Cest le dernier 
remude auquol vous puissiez avoir recours. Vous 
lie irouverez personne qui vous soil plus sincere- 
nient attache, (iuelques elforts que vous fassiez. 
Je n'en ai parl6 a qui que ce soil. 

6. When after si, que is used in the sense of 
si, it requires the subjunctive. Ex. Si vous en- 
trez dans sf)n jardin, et que vous y fassiez le 
moindre dogat, vous le metlrez de mauvats hu- 

7. In many cases the subjunctive is used, witJi- 
out having any word to govern it ; but, il is al 
ways easy to perceive that a wish, a condition, 
or a supposition is understood. Ex. Puissiez 
vous n'avoir jamais besoin des miichansl (/ 
wis/i.) Eussiez-vous la patience de Socrate, ccl 
hom.'iie vous la feroit perdre— I suppose. 

.After having explained when the subjunctive 
is to be used, let us see what correspondence 
exists between the indicative and the subjunc- 
tive. That is, when the indicative in English, 
is to be put in the subjunctive in French, to 
which of the tenses of the French subjunctive 
go£s each of the tenses of the English indicative. 

1. Tbe present and the /uture of the indicative 
go to the present of lite siibjuncUva Ez. Je ne 
crois pas qu'il le fosse expres— Je ne crois pas 
qu'il lo fasse expres— I do not believe he does it- 
er will do it on purpose. 

2. The imperfect and preteritr definite of the 
indicative, and likewise the conditional, go to the 
definite of the subjunctive. Ez. Quoique je nc 
crusse pas ce qu'il me disoit— Je ne savois paa 
que vous /ussic2 amis— Suppose que nous decoj** 
vrissions leur coquineri« — Though I did not be- 
lieve what he said. I did not know you were 
friends. Suppose we should discover their 

3. The comjKjund tenses follow the order of 
the simple tens<*s. That is— the compound of 
the present and future of the indicative, go to the 
compound present of the sulij.— The compound 
of the imperfect, definite, and conditional of the 
indicative, go to the compound definiu of the 
Bubj. Ez. Quoiqu'il ait lu bien des livres, il ne 
saitrien. Croyezvous qu'il ail eu I'imprudencc 
d'en parler ? Je ne m'imaginois pas qu'ils voua 
en eussent parli. Je ne croyois pae que voua 

russiez vote pour lui. D auroit souhait6 que nous 
eussions on son jaidiii. 

PARTICIPLES. There are two sorts of par- 
ticiples ; one is called gtrand or partidpi.e actioe, 
always ending iii ant; and tlic otlier is called 
participle pant — The I'oruier we siiniply call a-e- 
rund in the following observations, and tlie latter 

1. Tne gerund is always indeclinable. Ex. 
George vuyant une rose, vouiut la cueillir ; C6- 
cile ooyant une rose, &c. DeJie et Caroline voy- 
aiU une rose, voulurenl la cueillir ; Guillaunie et 
Coiisuinliii ooi/anl une rose, vouiurent la cueillir. 

There are some gerunds and adjectives which 
aie spell alike; but the adjectives aie declinable, 
and the gerunds suffer no change. Ex. C'est 
uiit honiine charniant; c'est une Itunnie cliar- 
iaaiue— Cieopatre conquit Cesar en le charniant. 
A little practice will soon clear up the dill'erence. 
We shall only observe here- that the adjcctioe may 
svith sense go before or after its substantive; 
whereas the urrrunl cannot be transposed. 

2. We use the gerund as seldom as we can in 
French, and above all, in the same sentence; it 
makes it appear stiif and affected— But, avoid 
tarefully the English turn that permits to use 
the gerund witli an article, or a pronoun. It is 
very bad French— In sucli a case, make use of 
a noun, or of a tense of the verb, fitted to the 
sentence you have to translate. Practice, in this, 
will go much farther than any rule ; but, how- 
ever, we shall give you here some examples to 
direct your stylo. Ex- I think that your speak- 
ing to my father, would be useful to you — Je 
crois que si vous parlicz a mon pere, vous vous 
en trouvericz bien. Je crois qu'en parlant a 
mon pere, &c Si vous consultez vos inttrets, 
vous parlerez a mon pere. .Again; after his 
h'loing given us .that account, he melted into 
tears— Apres nous avoir fait ce detail, il fondit 
en larmes. II nous fit ce detail, et il fondit 

aussitot en larmes. II ne nous eut pas plutdt fait 
ce detail qu'ii fondit en larmes. Again; my 
biing poor and your being rich, is no reason for 
your iudulting /we- Farce que je suis pauvre et 
que vous etes riche, il ne s'ensuit pas que vous 
deviez m'insulter. II est vrai que je suis pauvre, 
et que vous etes riche ; mais cela ne vous donne 
pas le droit de m'insulter. Parce que je suis 
pauvre, et que vous etes riche, croyez-vous avoir 
le droit de m'insulter J 

*^* Remember tliat a verb may have twoobjecia 
-One direct; that is, witliout any preposition — 
The other indirect; that is, with the preposition 
a or dc, expressed or understood. En always 
implies de, and y always implies a. 

3. The participle conjugated with etre has a 
passive meaning, and always agrees, in gender 
and number, vvitii the subject of tJie verb. Ez. 
^lon frere est ckeri el rei>pecte; ma soeur est 
cherie et respectce; mes freres sont cherts et 
respcctcs; mes stjeurs sont cheries et respcctees. 
Ces homnies out ete rtrprimandees et punis; cea 
femmes out 6t6 ri-primandees et punis — By the 
last examples you may perceive that wlien etu is 
joint.d to any of the tenses of the verb avoir, 
with another participle, the meaning is pas.sive, 
and the second participle is considered as being 
conjugated willi etre. 

4. *Tiie participle conjugated with avoir has 
an active meaning, and agrees in gender and 
number with its direct object, when Jiiat direct 
object precedes the participlj ; but, if the direct 
object follows the participle, or if the object is 
not direct, the participle remains indeclinable— 
N. B. Le, la, les, que— me, te, se, nous, vous (jiot 
implyin^iX moi, a loi, &c.) represent llie dkxct 
object~E\i, y, lui, leur, doni, &c.— me, te, se, 
nous, vous [implying a or de, as de moi, a moi, 
&.C.) ropreseut the indirect object of the participle. 
Ex. I^Ion pere a vu les chroaux que vous avez 
achctes. Ma mere, a recu les poinmes que vous 

* This rule is easy to be understood, but its 
principle ofreu perplexed mo, when I tried to 
account for that transition, apparently arbitrary, 
ffOm declinu/'iliCy lo indeclinability and nice vcr- 
sd. I beg leave for a niomenl, to turn from my 
plan, and venture a remark, whi<;h, I think, has 
never been made oi thio subject. If I am wrong, 
I shall only have lost some liiies. 

The participle is so called, because it partici- 
pates of the properties of an adjec-.tive, and of 
(hose of a verb; iiemg variable through genders 
and numbers, like (he former; and re^jarding 
time, motion, and passion, like tlie latter. 

When the participle is before its direct object, 
nothing is there to limit its rights as a verb; it 
helps to tead the sentence, throws its action in 
full on the object, and is not at all submitted to 
it;theiefore it must tlien remain indec4inable. 
Ex. J'ai /tf it voire Icttre; j"ai rrcu vos Icttres. 

But, when the direct object precedes the parti- 
cii)'e, the former announces the sentence, partly 
'eads il, has a primary action on the participle, 
which thus loses its rights as a verb, becomes aR 
adjective, and follows the gender and number 
of the noun that commands it. Ex. La Itttrt 
que j'ai re^at; les Icttrcs que j'ai revues. 

luiavez envoyees; elle m'en a donne deux rfou- 
laines. J'ai lu avec aitentioii !a Uttre que vous 
m'avez ecnie. Ma soeur a rrtrouve Us gants 
qu'elle avoit egares. Les aj^'aires dont vous 
m'avez parli ne reussiront pas. 

5. S'etre, in reflected and reciprocal verbs, has 
the signification of avoir, and lollows the same 
rules. Ex. Mon frerc se seroit excvsi; nia sojur 
»e seroit excuste; nies freres f c serojent excusis; 
mes soeurs 5e seroienl excuaies — II se seroit attire 
la Aainc, &c. lis se seroient altire la haine, &c. 
Elles s« seroient attire la haine, &c. — LaAamc 
yu* votre frere se seroit attiree; les ennemis que 
voire sceur se seroit attiris. 

6. f:«e and /a/Zu are invariable — And so are 
the participles of verbs used impersonally. Ax. 
Cet honinie a Lti: ce que vous eies ; cetie femuoie 
a ite, ces fc^mmes ont iti, Sec. — Les grandes cha- 
leurs qu'd a fnit, c it caus6 beaucoup de mala- 
dies; les grandes chak-urs qu'ii y a eu — thit I 
should write : Les grandes depaiscs qu';7 (s»mL- 
body) a faiLcs; Les grandes chaleurs que nous 
avons eucs—ll, in the two first examples, stands 
for no real ayent, and ihus the verb is imper- 

sonal ; but il and nous, in the other examples, 
aie real agents; and, the verb ceasing thus la 
be impersonal, the rule, No. 4, remains in force. 

7. In the following sentences, and in any sen- 
tence of the like construction, llie participle if 
indeclinable, because it has no object to agree 
with, the object being governed by an infinitive 
which follows, eitlier expressed or understood. 
Ex. La moittre que j'aurois voulu, que j'auroia 
pu, que j'aurois dii achcter. La Ucon que voua 
avez commence d'ltudier. Je lui ai rendu toua 
les services que yai pu (lui rendre is understood) 
Elle ne s'est pas donne toutes les peincs qu'elle 
aiiroit du (se dovner is understood.) 

8. Some granunarians have pretended that 
the particifile should be indeclinable, when the 
subject follows the veib, orwhen the participle 
is immediately joined to an adjective, which 
agrees with the direct object. Thus, they would 
write— Los or dres qu'a donne le roi. Cette re- 
pubhque que ses ennemis ont rendu puissante — 
Write don7us rmdut, to agree witii ordrrs and 
rcpublique. Our best authors now follow, in such 
cases, the general rule. 

OF THE VERBS ccst and il est; ily a; U fait; il faut. 

1. Vest, c'etoit, &c are commonly used— Be- 
fore a substantive, either single, or joined to an 
adjective — Before an adjective pre(;eded or fol- 
lowed by an adverb, or its equivalent— Before 
an adverb alone — Before pronouns; ai<d before 
a verb in' the infinitive. Ex. C"e?t un niLdeciii; 
c'6toit le la-iuais de ma srcur ; c'est une jolie 
femmc ; c'est une femmc charmanie — C'e stroit 
trop imprudent; c'est fait a merville — C'esi assez ; 
c'est demain qu'il doit venir — C'est rile qui me 
I'a dit. C'est nous qui soinmes les agresscnrs — 
C'est vouloir se predre que d'atiaquer ces gens-la. 

2. With tne same verbs, il is commonly used 
before an adjective without substantive ; and be- 
fore a substantive without article. Ex. II est 
prudent de ne pas Uop compter sur I'aveiiir. II 
est lems de diner. — II c.-^t midi a ma montre — 

r,'e sny; c'est vrai, c'est bon, &c. in sentences 
without a regimen, by way of answer, or as a 
remark, in a familiar manner of speaking — ce is 
then a real abbreviation of ccla. 

3. With these same verbs, wnen a substantive 
is taken adjirtivelij, we make use of il. rile, »7,-', 
ellc.i, according to the number. Ex. 11 est m('- 
decin; elle est; its sont soldats; elles 
sont duchesses. Elle est fille (wnwa/^r7erf)— C'est 
la fillede Mr. Blair : c'est la de,&c.&.c. 

4. When c is followed by a noun or a pro- 
noun in Uie tlvird person plural, the verb may be 

either singular or plural, hut ce does not change- 
However, when a question is asked, the verb 
must remain in the singular. Ex. C'est eux, oi 
ce sont eux qui ont gagne la victoirc. Ce sera 
les Espagnols, or ce seront les Espagnols qui y 
|)erdront — Kst-ce eux qui ont gagnii la victoirel 
Sera-ce les E.>-pagiio!s qui y perdront? 

5. It is, followed by icilh, is rendered intc 
French by il ne fst, whh de, or its equivalent 
Ex II en est de vous comme de nioi. II en est, 
dpr^s la mon, du pauvre comme du tiche 

6. Jl y a, il y nroit, &lc. see page xxviii.— This 
verb di«s not vary in Frcii'-h as it doea in Eng- ; it is always in the third prrsim singular. 
Ex. II J' a de bonnes gens dans tons les pays. II 
y a trop de poivre dans ce ragout. 

7. // est, &c. is sometimes elegantly used in- 
stead of i7 y a, &c. Ex II e.<tdes figures d'hommes 
et de femmes pour qui la toilette ne pent rien. 

8. II fait, il faisoit, fee. This verb is the trasi^ 
lation of it is, it wax, &c. in English, to denote 
the disposition and nature of the air and of the 
weather, and of the ways. Ex. 11 fera beau de- 
main. II a fait froid aujourd'hui. II fail crolt6 ; 
the roads are dirty — It likewise extends to the 
nature and disposition of places, with the help 
of an adj("ctive. Ex. II fait cher vivre a Lon- 
dres. II feroif bon en Italie, si le gouvernemept 
y 6toit moins despotioue. 


9. II faut, il falloit, &c. see page xxviii.— 
This verb is not impersonal in English, and it 
id alwaj"^ so in Fiench. Hence t!ie constant 
mistake of young beginners, who, instead of 
Baying — II faut que j'aille a Londres. II laudra 
que vous soyez de retour a quatre heures— 
toould eaij; Je faut, nous faut, &c. It is a gross 

10. This verb, il faut, &c. when used before 
to have, is rendered into French by placing have 
in the subjunctive with que ; or, more elegantly, 
by inserting a personal pronoun. Ex. 1 must 
have money, &c. II faut que j'aie de I'argent; 
il faut que vous ayez de I'argent; il faut qu'ils 
aient de I" argent, &c. Or, still better: II me 
faut de I'argent: il vous faut de I'argent; il leur 
faut de I'argent, &c. 

11. In such senteaces as the following one, 

avoid carefully the passive voice either by mak 
ing use of on with the verb devoir, or, in ren- 
dering subject m French, the word wliich is object 
in English ; or, by any other active turn. Ex. Tlie 
laws must be obeyed— On droit obeir aux loia ; 
il faut obeir aux lois; obeissons aux lois; noua 
devons obeir aux lois. 

1-2. Indeed, I had almost said . Always avoid 
the passive voice in French. The Frencti lan- 
guage bears it with great difficulty, and, wlien 
we cannot bring a verb to an active sense, we 
give it an active appearance by lending a re- 
llective form to the verb. Ex. Le vin se vend 
trois chelins la boute ille. II se irouve des gens 
que rien ne pent contenter. Cela ne peut se 
faire. — The passive sense is so frequently used 
in English, that beginners aie long before they 
can unfetter their sFyle. 

071 prepositions, Conjunctions, Adverbs, <S-c. 6,-c. 

*^* We hope the reader has not neglected to future, in French, instead of the present. Ex. 
study attentively all the practical sentences from Cluand vous sortirez, vous ferrez bien de prendre 
p. XXXV. to xxxLx. We have only room here for un paraplule ; when you o-o out, &c. you icill, <Stc. 
some remarks. Q.uand je saurai dessiner, je ferai votre portrait ; 

I. Prepositions do not always correspond in whan I know,&:.c. I will,&.c. — The same remark 
French and in English. I mean; w«fA cannot al- stands good for any conjunction equivalent to 
ways be translated by avec, nor of hyde, &c. &c. when, as aussitot que des que, &c. 
Hz. Je suis content de vous ; je pensois a vous — 4. The adverbs, in French, are commonly 
I am satisfied «?//,A you; I was thinking o/ you placed after their verbs; and, isi compound tenses, 

-Some of them are not even expressed at all. between tlie auxiliary v<nb and tiie participle. 

Ex. Nous 6tions seuls— We were by ourselves. 
^-Bf careful in translating and composing; con- 
fiult your dictionary, and you will soon write 
wiiliont Ansilicisms. 

Ex. Vous ne vcnez jamais me voir* Je n'ai pas 
encore appris ma lecon. 

5. When jamais, toujovrs, and souvent meet 
another adverb, place tlumi first. Ex. Nous 

2 The verb of a su{)position, affected by the somnios souvetit ensemble. II ne parte jamais 

riinjiinction, si, can, in French, ba neither in the trop. Comportoz-vous toujours polimcnt. 

future nor the conditional. Ex. Si vous me (>. Never p; ace as.>''^2, r/joj/ff A, after its substan- 

j/rgtcz, {or, si vous voulcz me prefer) votre livre, tive, as thf^y do in English. £r. Vous n'avez 

je vous piftterai le mien. Si votre frere venoit pas assez de patience. J'ai assez de livres, mais 

{or, si votre frere vient) avant cinq heures, priez jo n'ai pas assez de terns pour les lire, 

le ds m'attendre.— IVe may say; Je ne sais s'il 7. A mains que, de craintc que, de peur que, will 

viuiidra. Je ne sais s'il le pourroii— Hut thL'n 
ilie supposition aflecls another part of the sen- 
tence— Sui>p>s6 que je I'invito, je ne sais s'il 
MUAui\,:i..ui nc &:ui s'il viendroit, &.c. On the 
cimtraiy, in the first examples, the supposition 
falls on the very verbs atTectcd by *-i — Suppo.s6 
que vous me preliez, <Stc. je vous prt'terai,&c. 
3., before a present tense, and followed 

have ne with the verb, which, in English, is not 
negative, and ne pas, when the verb is negative. 
Ex. A moins qu'il ne- vicnne; a moius ipi'il 7)fl 
vionne2>a5. Decrainte qu'il nevienne; decrainie 
qu'ii nc vienne ;>/!.•.•; de peur qu'il ne vieniie; do 
peurqu'ilMc vicnne 7>'t.9. Unless he comes utUcss 
he should not come, &c. 
8. We apply the same rule to the verbs ex- 

by a present tense, has the same construction in pressing fear, risk, and hinderanre, followed by 

French and English. — Kx. duand il vient, il est que, (with the restriction. No. 9.)— Ex. Je cram's 

toi 1 jours pi esse ; when ho. comes, he is, &cc. — But qu'il ne vienne; je crains qu'il he vienne pas; 

this same conjunction irhm, before a present in J'appr6hende qu'il ne vienne; J'apprehende qu'il 

Enulish, and followed by a future, must have a ne vienne ;>as, &.C. 


D. Attf-r a comparative (of superiority ot infe- 
rtarity,) which is expresBcd in Frtiicli by 7;/^^-, 
vioins, )iutre, antrimnit, or iJieir equivalent, ne 
is jirefi-xed to the setoiul >efb, wh«en tlie lirst verb 
is ajpiniativey or inltmigalice wtlh a nrgation. 
Ex. Elle est pins riche que vous ne pensiez. 
N'est-cl'e pas plus riche que vous ne pensiez. 

But, if tile tirsl verb is ntg-utive, or inUrroga- 
tive vcithout a negation, ne must not be used. 
y.x. Elle n'esi pa^s niuins belle que sa scEur 
lYtoit. Esl-elle nioins belle que sa siear I'eioit ? 

The same rule is true for verbs expressing 
fear, risk, or hindcrance. — Ex. Je crainsqu'il 7ie 
vionr.e. Ne craignez- vous pas qu'il weviennel — 
Je ne crains pas qu'il vieiine, Craigiiez-voua 
qn'il viennd— J'enipecherai qu'il ne vienne. 
N'emp^cherez-vous pas qu'il 7te vienne 1— Jo 
n'cmpecherai pas qu'il viemie. Enipecherez- 
vous qu'il vienne? 

J.e is sometimes added to ne; it is a point of 
taste which cannot be felt without practice. Ex. 
Elle est plus riche que vous ne le pensiez. N'e;»t- 
elle pas moins belle que ne i'eioit sa suiur ? 

As some very respf;clab!e grammarians give 
it as a rule C without exception} that nc is always 
used after a comparative, we think it necessary 
to refer the readers (if they should entertain any 
doubt) to Mr. Salmon's Compute Systan, where 
they will find tlie rules supported by the authority 
of the French ^Icademij, I'oltatrc, JMarieaux, 
Ftnllon, &.C. 

10. -When a verb used negatively, is in the in- 
finitive, ne and pns come together before that 
verb. Ex. J'ainie niieux ne pas ^tre riche que 
(le faire des has?e?ses. II est iniposcible de ne pas 
d6tebter Ics lyraiis. 

11. jV<j, as an answer, is 7? on in French; and 
vnt that, as a conjunction, ia rendered by non 
qui-, or mm pas qur, with the subjunctive. Ex. 
Voudriez-vous 6ire roi, hii dit Cleobule ? Non, 
repoiidit-il, j'ainie trop la vertii. J'evite la cour ; 
non pas que je haisse la soci6t6, mais je d6teste 
l<s flaneurs. Nous ne nous voyons i)lus ; non que 
Ts-n;:- -• yor.s enncmis, mais nos huiueurs ne s'ac- 
r<i. riant pas. 

\l. Point denies more strongly than pas, aiid 
Ihilli re(iuire the i>reposition de before their re- 
rip'n. Ex. U n'a point d'amis. II n'a pas 

1.1. If an adverb follows the negation, pas must 
be used; i)etanse point denies absolutely, and 
rnns«qnently cannot be liniiled by an adverb 
Ex. Je ne vols pas .souvent votre frere. Vous 

Now, I leave my young readers to abler liands, 
U^ss to them. 

n'avez pas beaucoupd'arbres fruititrs dans votr« 

14. When wi is repeated in a sentence, in the 
sense of cither, or, and nor, join nc to iJie preced- 
ing veib in Flench. Ex. Je ne suis ni Demo- 
crate, ni Aristocrate ; jc suis honneie honuue. Je 
ne me plaLs ni a chasser, ni a jouer, ni a buiro; 
j'aime a converscr. 

15. After tlie verbs pouvoir, tavoir, oscr, an(} 
cesser, ne is commonly used without piLs.— Exi 
li n'ose paroitre en public. Nous ne pouvoiu 
r6sister a ia calomnie. Je ne sais ce qu'il veut 
dire. Ce pauvre honmie ne cesse de se rendre 

16. Neither /)fl5 nor point can appear in a sen- 
tence with ja;naja,pti/5, WI, aucun, nul, personnc, 
qui que ce soil, rien, quoi (^ue ce toil, qvelconqiu, 
when tJiry are used as negative terms. Ex. II 
ne faut jarnais se fior auji mcchans. Nous ne 
voyons plus votre soeur. lis n'ont ni argent, ni 
amis. Je n'ai hi aucun des livrcs que vous 
m'avez envoy^s. ,^Vous n'avez nulle exactitude. 
Personne ne le saiL Je ne ledis a personne. Je 
viens dii pare; je n'y ai vu (|ui(iuo ce soit de 
ma connoissance. C'est un homme qui n'aime 
rien, qui ne sti soucie de rien. Je nc lui ai ja- 
mais rien dit. lis ne peuvenl rfussir a qitoi que 

17. Try to avoid the errors often committed ia 
tlie use of the following verbs. 

Jhner; to lead from the place where one is ; to 
guide, i-.x. Menez eel enfant a I'ecolo. Mencz 
mon clieval a I'tcurie. 

j]iiuncr; to bring to the place wliere one is. 
Ex. Amcnez-moi cet enlant. Vous amen era-t-il 
votre cheval ? 

Ennnener; to carry away. Ex. II cmmena 
deux regimens avec lui. 

Remtnir; to carry back. Ex. Remeuez cet en- 
fant a son pere. 

These four verbs generally suppose motion in 
the objects ; they are led and not borne. 

Porter; to carry from the place where one ia. 
Ex. Portez ces livres dans ma cliambre. 

J}pportcr; to bring towards llie place where 
one is. Ex. Apportez-moi du fruit. 

Eviporter; to carry away. Ex. Emportcz cette 

Reporter; to carrj- back. Ex. Reporlez ces 
livres dans ma chauibre. 

These four verbs generally suppose that the ob- 
jects are unable to move of themselves ; they axe 
borne, and not led. 
\\\vh the hope, however, of not having bten uso- 



PART [. 


i. B. The reader is referred to the Observations at the beginnivg, in order to understand tht 

Editor'' s plan. 
Fa' the names of remarkable 
Men, Women, Empires, Kingdoms, States, 

Republics, Isiaufls, Peninsulas, Provinces, Cities, 

Towns, Mountains, Volcanoes, Promontories, Capes, 

Seas, Gulfs, Bays, Straits, Rivers, 

Ancient and modern Nations, &c. see the Supplement at tlie End. 


Asm. an A. 
, A, pr. to, at, on, vith, in, 
into, within, about, .iccarding 
to, for, of, agaiasc, by, after 
\baissement, sn. abasement; 

fall; humblinj^; diminution 
Abaisser, va. to abase; lower; 

* let down; * humble 
S'Abaisser, vr. to * fall; de- 
crease; * sijik; cringe 

Abaisseur, sm. diprcssor 
Abalourdir, va. to stupify 
Abamlon, sm. abandoning; lewd- 
Abandonn6, sm. a rake 
Abandonnee, .«/. prostitute 
Abandorm6, e. a. shameless; im- 

Abandonnement, sm. abandon- 
ing; giving up; dereliction; 
Abandonner, va. to * forsake: 

* give ooer; * leaoe off; deli- 
ver vp; * let loose; desert, 

S' Abandonner, vr. indulge one's 
self; despond [lamn 

Abaquo, sm. Abacus, top of a co- 

Abasonrdir, va. to stun 

\batage, sm. charge of clearing 
a forest 
Pakt T. 


Abatant, shutter, flap 

Abatardir, va. to corrupt; to mar 

S' — , vr. to degenerate 

Abatardissement, 5//t. corrtiption 

Abat-jour, sky-l,gkt 

Abattement, dejection, faintness 

Abatteur, afcilsr 

Abattis, offal; rubbish; over- 
throw; pulling down 

Abattre, va. pull down; abate; 

S'abattre, vr. * fall down; de- 
spond; fail 

Abattu, e. a. afflicted; dejected 

Abattures, .if. foiling 

Abat-vent, .9m. pent-house of a 
steeple; fence against rain 

Abat-voi.K, sm. the canopy above 
a pulpit 

Abb^e, sf. dam; bay 

Abbatial, a. of or belonging to 
an j^bbot 

Abbaye, sf. abbey 

Abb6, sm. abbot 

Abbessc, .<tf. abbr.s.^ 

Aitctder, tm. to turn into an ab- 
scess, or tumour 

AbcciS, sm. abscess, imposthume 

Abdaias. sm. a Persian monk 

Abdication, .if. —tion 

Abdiquer, va. to abdicate 

Abdomen, sm. abdomen 


Abducteur, a. s. —tor 
Abduction, sf. — tion 
Ab6cedaire, 2. a. s. novice 
Ab6cher, va. to * feed birds 
Abcille, sf. a bee 
Abequer, va. to * feed a bird 
Aberration, sf. —tion 
Ab6tir, va. to stupify 
S'abttir, wr. to * grow stupid 
Ab hoc & ah hac, at random 
Abhorrer, va. to abhor, detest 
Abigeat, sm. cattle-robbery 
Abjection, sf. —tion 
Abject, te. a. abject^ mean 
Abime, sm. aliyss, hell 
Ahimer, va. to destroy, to ruin 
S' — , vr. to ruin one's self 
Ab-intestat, abintestate 
Abjuration, sf. —tion 
Abjurer, va. to abjure 
Ablactation, sf. the weaning of 

an infant 
Ablatif, sm. ablative 
Abluer, va. to rerine old writing 
Ablution, sf. —tion 
Abn«';gation, — tion 
Ahoi, aboiement, .om. barking 
Abois, pi. point of death; at bay 
Abolir,t'a <(7 abi>Ush;annul; obh 

S' — , vr. to * be abol'shed 
Abolisscmcnt, sm. annulling 



S" abreu vor.w tmlrhi l.phu tiju II y 
Abjt'uvoii, gi-i witti niij/ place 
Abreyeivua. ti sUUcr, kicpfiom 
Abri, dm. shutr.r^ dcj'cnce 
Abricoi, vprnnt 
Abiicote, cavJied aj,rirot 
Abiicotier, s«.. apncot-tree 

Abiivent, gu- shther p-om tcind 
Alirogaiion, if —\ion 
Abrnger, va. aLrognt^:^ repeal 
Abrupio, (es irut vf hmid 
Abrulir, ra. u Lesot ^ 

S' , vr. tc ifroic stupul 

Abrntissenieiit, sm. brutishvess 
Abscisse, sf van of the axin of 

a curve 
Absence, sf. .J^sencc; ■tvavdcring 
Abs^eiit, e. a - absmit 
S'abseiiU'r,r loabstiitoue's sdf 
AbsJiilhf, ^j uctmnwood 
A\K»\\\,*i.ti. oJ'tolute; pcren.jitory 
Absoiuineiit ad. absvlatdy; 
1 quite; iitti r 
Alsohiiion, /•/ — tion 
p/ Absolutoire, :.;• a. nbsolutory 
1 Absorbaiit, u .•>•• ab.^orbtut 
Absorber, vu lO absorb; nuch ».;>; 

Absolution, . / — fion 

Aboliiion, sf. — tion 
.-vbouiinable, 2. a. — nalle 
Alotuiiiableiuent, ad. — biu 
Aboininatiuu, .sf. — tion 
Abominer, va. to abominate, 

abhor, detect 
VhondainuieiU, ad. abundantly 
Aboiidaiice, sf. abundance. — 
Avoir la come d'aboiulaiicc, 
to be lucky 
Aloiidaiit, e. a. abundant 
Abondtr, i:n. to abound 
Aboniieiiiciil, sm. agreement 
S'auonnor, or. to bargain, 

Abonuir, v. to * make good 

mend; improve 
&' — , vr. to* grow better 
Abord, sm. access; attack; resort 
Abordable, 2. a. accessible 
Aljordage, sm. boarding 
Aborder, va. to accost; board. 

land; attack; resort 
Aborigeiies, sm. pi. — gines; na- 
Abornement, sm. the fixing 

bounds, boundary 
Abomer, ra. to * set boundaries, 

to settle 
Abortif, vc. a. abortive 

, sm. abortive child 

Abouchement, conference 
Aboucher, va. to * bring per- 
sons together; to confer 
S'al>oucher, vr. to confer; parity 
Abougrj, e- a. stunted 
Abouquer, re add fresh salt to 

About, sm. end, remainder 
About(?, 0. a. placfd end to end 
Aboutir, vn. to border on end 
Aboulissaiit, c. a. bordirin<r on 
— ,sm. abutment; abuttals; limit.' 
Aboutissement, sm. eking-picce; 

Aboyant, a. barking 
Aboycr, 7JJ. to bark 
— a la liinc, to bark trVn one 

cannot bite 
Aboy(■1lr,.«;7^. barker; dun;clicker 
Abr/cti, abridgment 
Abrrgi.T, ra. to abridge 
Abrp\int<Mir, tm. — tor 
Abrt^viation, -v/. — tion 
Abrenver, to iiaicr, soak 

Absoudre, r 
.\tsoiil(', sf ■ 
Absu'ine, '2. . 
AlKlcrgem, t 
.Absterger, »f 
Abstersif", \> 
Abstrrsiion, t 
Abstiiit'i»t, e 
.Al)ftraire, »< 


• : sulutio7i 

I s. ibstrmiovs 
to abstain, r-frair. 
s. abstergent 
'o cleanse a icound 
a abstersive 

• —siun 

a. — nntt 
•f. — tion 
'o ahstracl 

Abstrait, e. <• alistmctcd 

.'\bstri:s, e. c 
Alisiirde,2. . 
Absurditi"', *■ 
.Vbus, .ini. a- 
Anustr, V i. ■• 

S' , vr. t 

Abii.sPiir, SI! 
AlHisif, ve. ( 
.\bii!fT, va. 
pliy first 

ubstnt.<r, dark 
ad. absurdly 
(.s/; cirin; fraud 
abv*!-; to deceive 
* VI ig lake 
•(dvcer, deceiver 
6-. abusiv'hf 
' throw who shall 


Abu lion, sm. a sort of marslf 

71! alio ID 

.\ciibH,good or bail taste offrui't 
Acacia, acacia {a tree) 
Acadjinicieii, member of an aca- 

Acadiimie, sf. academy; gaming- 

tabic, or house; liiirng-housc 
Acad^mique, ^2. a. — viical 

Acadcmiquemeut, ad. enllji 

Acadeuiiste, sm. acudemist 
S'acognarder, vr. to grow sLth- 

Acajou, sm. mahegany 
Acaiiac6, e. a. tliomy 
Acantlio, sf. hr'ank vrsii e, 

Acaro, sm. —rus; handicorm 
AcariaUt?, 2. a. peevish 
A cause do, c. because 'hat 
A cause quo, because that 
Accablant, c. a. grievous; trou- 

AccaUlemcJit, sm. opprcs.tion; 

fainUtess; heaviness 
Accabler, vn. to ovcrichclm; 

crush; crpprcss; tire 
Acrapareiutnt, Mjn. nione]>oly 
Accaparcr, v. forestall; engross 
Accarer, to coi front 
Acccder, vn. to accede 
Acceleraieur, * «. — vator 
Acct'leraiioii, sf. — t'on 
Accelcrt-r, va. acrclrruti, f.'jstcn 
Accent, sm. accent; tunr; note 
Accentuer, ra. to nccn:t 
Accentuation, s/. — tion: prosody 
Acceplable, 2. a. reasonable, 

Korih accepting 
Acceptant, e. s. accepter 
Acceptation, sf. acceptance 
Accepter, ra. to accrj>t; leccice 
ACC( pleur, sm. acapter 
.Acception, sf. — tion; accepta- 
tion; respect 
Acces, sm. access; fits 
Accessible, 2. a. acce.ynble 
Accession,*/, accession; increase 
Acccssit, sm. the second best pre- 
Accessoire, sm. occtssart/ 

— , a. accessaiy; tontributivg 
Accident, sm. necufent; chance 
Accidentel, e. a. —dmtiil 
Accidcntelieuient, ad. —ally 


Accise, sf. excise, tax 
Acclanialeur, sm. commendcr 
Acclamation, sf. shout; huzia 
Acclimater, va. to season 
AccoLiitance, sf. fdiniUurity 
Accoi.-^er, va. to calm, still 
Accolade, .«/. embrace; dubbing 
Acco'e, e. a. joined 
Accolt.T, va. to * clip and cull; 
* put together in a dish; add 
into one sum; join 
Accoininndable, 2. a. that viay 

be accumiuodated 
Accoiiiiuodage, sm. dressing of 

miat; fitting up 
Accoinmodant, e. a. good na- 

turcd; complying 
Accoiniiiodatioii, sf. — tion 
Accomiiiode, e. a- tccll provided 

fur; drist out; fated 

expedient; accommodation 
Accominoder, va. to accommo- 
date; to dress; fit; reconcile; 
mend; cook; use ill; * sell 
S'accommoder, vr. to * make 
much of one's self; like; agree 
with; seize upon; * be made vp 
Accompagnateur, sm. one who 

Accompagnement, retinue, ac- 
Accompagner,t)a. to accompany; 

attend; match; escort 
S'accompagner, na. to * keep 

conipany; be attended bij 
Accomplir, va. to accomplish, 

fulfil, perform 
S'— , vr. to * be fulfilled 
Accomplissemcnt, sm. accom- 
ylishment; fulfilment: fulfill- 
Accoquinant, e. a. engaging; 

S'accoquiner, vr. to grow fond of 
Accoquiner, va. to entice, allure 
Accord, sm. agreement, concord 
Accordable, 2. a. grantable 
Accordailles, espousals 
Accordant, e. a. tunable 
Accordo, sf. keep stroke 
Accord^, sm. bridegroom 
Accordee, ef. bride 
Accordeur, sm. tuner of any mu- 
sical instrument 


Accorder, va. to grant; reconcile 
S'accorder, vr. to agree 
Accoidoir, sm. a tuning key 
Accorer, va. to prep, to stay 
Accorne, e. a. homed 
Accort, e. a. complaisant; saga- 
cious; courteous 
Accortise, sf complaisance 
Accostable, 2. a. affable 
Accostcr, va. to accost, * come vp 
S' — , cr. to * keep company with 
Accoter, va. topi op vp 
S' — , vr. to lean against 
Accotoir, sm. prop 
Accouch6e,6/. woman in childbed 
Accouchement, sm. delivery 
Accouchor, va. to * lay a woman 
— , vn. to * be brovght to bed 
Accouclieur, sm. man-mid-wife 
Accoucheuse, sf. midwife 
S'accouder, vn. to lean on one's 

Accoudoir, sm. a leaning place 
Accouer, va. to * strike a stag 
Accouple, sf. a leash 
Accouplement, sm. copulation 
Accoupler, va. to couple 
Accouicir, to shorten 
S' — , vr. to * grow short 
Acc(mrcisscmi^ia,sm. shortening 
Accourir, vn. to run to 
Accoutrement, sm. garb 
Accoutrer, va. to accoutre 
Accoutumance, ,•-/ habit 
Accoutuni6, e. a. accustomed; 

Accoutumer, va. to accuslom,usc 
S' — , vr. to use o7u's self 
Accr6diter, to * give esteem 
S' — , vr. to '* get a name 
Accr(!<tion, sf. accretion 
Accroc, sm. rent; hook; stop 
Accroclie, sf. 
Accrocher,w. to * hang on a hook; 

* catch; delay; grapple 
Accroire, (fairej to * make one 

Accroissement, sm. increase; in- 
crement; growth 
Accroiire, vn. to augment, in' 

S'accroupir, vr. to squat down 
Accroupisscment, sm. sitting 

squat down 
Accru, e. a. increased 

AGO 8 

Accueil, sm. reception 
Accueiliir, na. to receive; * over- 
5'—, vr. to hire one's self 
Accul sm. straitness 
\ccnlvr, *put onehardtoit 
S'— , to * betake ojie's self to a 

corner or wall 
Accumulation, s/*. —tioji 
Accumuler, va. accumulate 
S' — , vr. to increase 
Accusable, 2. a. blameable 
Accusateur, trice, s. accuser 
Accusatif, sm. accusative 
Accusation, sf. —tion, charge 
Accusatrice, she-accuser 
Accus6, sm. party accused 
Accuser, va. to accuse; indict 
Aceiisement,sm lease, farm 
Acenser, va. to lease, * let out 
Acerbe, 2. a. acerb, sour 
Ac6r6, e. a. sharp; keen; acute 
Ac6rer, va. to steel, temper 
Ac^lii, e. acetous, sour 
Ac^teuse, sf. sorrel 
Ac6teux, se. a. sharp, tart 
Acetum, alcalis6, sm. distilled 

Achalander, va. to * get custom 
\charnement, stn. rage, fury 
Acharner, ra. to enrage, provoke 
S' — , vr. to * fall furiously upon 
Achat, sm. purchase 
Ache, sf. smallage 
Acheminement, sm, means to 

bring a thing about 
Acheminer, va. to forward 
S' — , vr. to set off; * go one's way 
Acheter, va. to purchase, * buy 
Acheteur, se. s. purchaser 
Ach6ve, e. a. perfect 
Ach6vement, sm. finishing 
Achever, va. to finish; end; com 

plete; * put to death 
Achoppement, sm. obstacle; rub; 

A chores, sm. pi. the thrush (a 

Acide, 2. a. acid, sharp, sour 
Acidity, .<:/. acidity, sourness 
Aciduler, va. * make aour, 

Acier, sm. steel; sword 
Acolyte, acolyth 
lAconit, sm. aconite; %Dolfbam 




Acoiistique, af. acousUca 
Acqutireur, am.pardiaser, ouyrr 
Acqu6rir, va. to acquire; * f(ct^ 

* buy 
Acquet, sm. acquest 
Acquiescement, compliance 
Acquiescer, vn. to acquiesce, 

yield; comply 
Acquis, sm. ktiowledgc^ acquire- 
Acquisition, sf. —lion; purchase 
Acquit, sm- acquittance 
Acquit de douane, cocket 
Acquit, (au jeu de billard) the 

Acquitter, va. to clear, acquit 
S'acquitter, vr. to discharge, 

perform, fulfil, pay off 
Acre, -2. a. sharp, tart, sour 
Acre, sm. acre 

Acret6, sf. sharpness, acrimony 
Acrimonie, acrimony 
Acroalique, 2. a. acroatick 
ACfobate, sm. rope dancer, 

among the ancients 
Acrocliordon, — don; wart 
Acrocome, s. who has longhair 
Acromion, sm. — mion 
Acronique, 2. a. acronical 
Acrosuche, 2. a. acrostic 
— , sm. acrostic 
Acroteres, acrotercs, pinnacles 
Acte, sm. act, action, deed 
Actes, records, rolls; acts 
Acteur, rice, s. actor; actress 
Acti( ve. a. active 
Action, action; share in stock; 

battle; suit at law 
Actions de graces, sf. thanks- 
Actionnaire, sm. stockholder 
Actioner, va. to sue 
Activenienl, ad. actively 
Activer, va. to put in motion, 

stir up 
Activit6, sf activity, quickness 
Actrice, actress 
Actual, le. a. actual; reed; 
Acmelleinent, ad. now; really 
Acut, e. a. acute 
Acutangle, 2. acute-angular 
Adage, sm. adage; proverb 
Adaptation, */. adaptation 
Adapter, va. to adapt; reply 
Adcquau e. a. complete 

Addition, sj. adUtiun 
Atldiiiuiuii.:i, If. a. auilitional 
AilditiiKiner, ca. to * set up 
ri'addonner, rr. to addict one's 

a, if; to * take to 
Add acteur, A^>/i. adducent muscle 
Ademption, sf. ademption 
Adepte, */«. adept 
Adt^xtre, a. on the right hand 
Adherence, sf. adherence 
Adherent, e. a. s. adherent 
Adherer, to adhere, * stick to 
Adiiosion, sf. adJiesion 
Adjacent, e. a. adjacent 
Adiante, sm. maiden-hair 
Adiaphore, 2. a. indifferent 
Adjectif, sin. adjective 
Adjection, sf. adjectiun 
Adjectivement, ad- — vely 
Adieu, sm. ad. adieu, farewell 
Adipeux, euse, a. adipose; fat 
Adjoindre, va. to adjoin 
Adjoin^, sm. assistant, adjunct, 

Adjoiiction, sf. adjunction 
Adjudant, s. adjutant 
Adjudicataire,s//». highest bidder 
Adjudication, sf. adjudging 
Adjuger, va. to adjudge 
Adjuration, sf. adjuring 
Adjurer, va. to adjure 
Admettre, va. to admit; allow of 
Adminicule, sm. slight proof 
Administrateur, manager 
Administration, sf. — tion 
Administratrice, —tratrix 
Administrer, ra. administer 
Admirable, 2. a. admirable 
Admirablement, va. —rably 
Admirateur, sm. admirer 
Admiraiif,a.5. note of admiration 
Admiration, sf. — tion 
Admiratrice, she-admirer 
Admirer, va. to admire; to won- 

dcr at 
Admissible, 2. a. allowable 
Admission, sf. admission 
Admon6t6, sm the admonishing 
Admoniteur, sm. monitor 
Admonition, sf. warning 
Adolescence, adolescency 
Adolescent, sm. youth 
Adonien, ne a. adonic 
Adoniri, sm. a beau; spark 

Adoniser, va. *o * make fin* 
S' — , to trick one's self out 
Adoniscur, sm. a beau 
Adopter, va to adopt 
Adiiptif, ve. a. ailuptive 
Adoj)tion, sf. atloption 
Adorable, 2. a. adorable 
.\doraleur, sm. adorer, worship 

Adoration, sf. — tion, worship 
.\dorer, va. to adore, worship 
Ados, sm. shelving bed 
.\do5seinent, backing 
.Vdosser, ra. to * put back to 

back, strengthen backwards 
S' — ,vr.tolcini one' shock agaiTtst 
-Adouber, va. to r>yair 
.Adouci, sm. siftening, polish- 
ing, a soft grinding-stone 
Adoucir, to sweeten; appease; 

tame; soften; mitigate 
S' — , ra. to * become sweet; to 

relent; * grow milder 
Adoucissant, e. a. softening 
— , sm. sweetening; soj'lener 
Adoucissenient, sm. softening; 

allay; medium; lenitive; lenity 
Adoue, e. a. coupled; paired 
Adragan, sm gum dragant 
.Adresse, .</. direction of a letter, 

address, industry, skill 
Adresser r. to address; * hit the 

mark; direct 
S' — , * vr. to apply; * be directed 
Adroit, e. dextrous; .'ly 
Adroit, sm. sharji fellow 
Adroitement, ad. deitrously 
Adveniit", ve- a. —titious 
Adverbe, sm. adverb 
Adverbial, e. a. — bial 
Adverbialement, ad. — ally 
Adversaire, s. —sary, opposer 
Adversatif, ve. a. —tioe 
Adverse, 2. a. adverse 
Adversit6, sf. adversity 
Adulateur, sm. adulator 
Adnlatif, ve. a. adulatory 
Adulation, sf. flattery 
Ada\Htrice, Jlatterir 
Aduler, va. to flatter meanly 
Adulte, s. an adult 
Adulte, 2. tt. adult 
Adultere,5m. adultery; adulUrer 
Adultere, sf. adu'tcrcss 
Adultere, 2. o. aduUerout 




Adulterer, va. to adulterate 
Adult6rin, e. l/om in adultery 
Adusle, 2. a. adust, overheated 
Aduster, va. to burn 
Adustion, sf. — lion, burning 
Agr6, e. a. well aired 
Aerer, va. to air 
Aerier,5a. to air {by fumigation) 
Acrieii, ne. a. ethereal; aerosta- 
tic, aerial 
A6rographie, sf. acrography 
Aeromancie, acromancy 
Aerom6tre, sm. acromttcr 
Aeroin6trie, sf. acrometry; ae- 
A6roiiaute, sm. air-balloonist 
Acrophobe, one who is afraid of 

the air 
A6ra«tat, ou vaisseaii aerien, sm. 

A6rostatique, 2. a. —tatic 
Affnbilite, sf. —hility 
Affal)lfi, 2. affable, courteous 
Affableiiient, ad. affably 
Affadir, va. to cloy 
Affadissement, sm. cloyment 
Aff!iire,sf. affair, business ;thing; 
matter; concern; duty; dis- 
pute; action; trouble, scrape 
Affair6, e. a. busy 
AfTaissement, srn. sinking down 
Affaisser, wa. to press down 
S'artaisser, vr. to * sink down 
Affaiter, va. to tawr a hawk 
Aft'ah;, e. a. wind-bound 
AffaliT, va. to lowrr 
Atfainor, tofnwish, stance 
Affamt';, e. a. grcidy of; scanty; 

not strimir mough 
Arteaiiemeiit, sm. Irasrhold 
Affbaser,*'^ <tf * give inleasehold 
Affocratioii, */. —tion 
Atfectt, e. a affected 
Aff«;cter, va. to affict; mortgage; 
appropriate [fictions 

Affeclif, ve a. that moves the af- 
Affection, */. affection, love 
Affectiotin6, e. a. affectionate 
Affcciionner, va. to love 
B' — , vr. to di light in 
Afl«^ctuoiisenieni, ad. kindly 
Affoctucux, se a. affectionate 
Affcrmer, vr. to farm; rait 
AJFennir, to strengthen 
g' — , v" ''» * be strengthened 

Affermissement, sm. support, 

Aftet6, e. a. affected 
Afffeterie, sf. affectation 
Afficlie, sf. bill posted up 
Afficher, va. to post up 
AfRcheur, sm. an advertiser 
Affid6, e. a. trusty, confidant 
Affier, va. to graft 
Affiler, to sharptn 
Affiliation, sf. filiation; adoption 
Affilier, va. to adopt, initiate 
Affinage, sm. affinage, refining 
Affinement, refining 
Affiner, va. to refine 
Affinerie, sf. refinery 
Affineur, sm. refiner 
Affinit6, sf. affinity, relation 
Affinoir, sm. hatchel 
Affiquet, knitting- sheath 
Affiqu(:ts, ornaments 
Affiimatif, ve. a. peremptory 
Affirmation, sf. —tion 
Affirmative, —live 
Affimiativement, ad. positively 
Affirmer, va. affirm, a.sscrt 
Affistoler, to dress, to adorn 
Afflourer, to level; smooth 
Afflicljf, ve. a. afflictive 
Affliction, sf. affliction 
Affligean, e. a. afflicting; sad 
Affligcr, va. to afflict, vex 
S'afliiger, vr. to grieve 
Affluence, .9/. affluence; concourse 
Affluent, e. a. flowing; nriming 
Affluer, vn. to resoi t; abound; * 

Affiiiblir. va. weaken; nllay 
S'aiVoibiir, vr. to * grow wink 
Artbibiis^-enient, sm. weakening 
AtToler, va. to infatuate 
Affolir, vn. to * grow fool 
Afforage, sm. assiied price 
Affiarer, va. to assize 
Aftburcher, to moor across 
Affi:)urager, afCourcr, to fodder 
Afiburagement, sm. foddering, 

AlTranchi, a freed wan 
Affranchie, sf. freed woman 
Affraiichir, va. to * get free; fret 
— unelettre, to frank 
Affranchissemenl, sm. delivery; 

AfftvB, sf. pi. great fright 

Affr6tempnt, sm. hire of a sh^ 
Affi6ter, va. to hire a skip 
Affi-6leur, sm. freighter 
Affreusement, ad. horribly 
Affreux, se. a. dreadful, hideout 
Aflriander, va. to use dainties; U> 

Affrioler, to allure; entice; decoy 
Affriter, to prepare a pan to fry 

Affront, sm. affront; reproach 
Affronlailles, sf. boundaries 
Affront6,e.a./flct»^(in heraldry) 
Affronter, ra. to face; cheat 
Affronterie, sf. cheat 
Affronteur, se. a cheat 
Affublement, sm. covering 
Affubler, va. to muffle up 
S' — , de quclqu'un, to • i$ 

wrapped up with one 
AffiJt, sm. frame of a eanncn; 

lurking place 
Affutage, SOT. set of tools 
— , the dressing of an old hat 
— , the grinding of tools 
— , the mounting of a piece of 

Affutnr, va. to sharpen; mount 
Afin que, c to the end that 
— de, in order to 
Aga ou Agha, sm. an aga, Turk- 
ish officer 
Agacant, e. a. enticing 
Agare, sf. magpie 
Agacement, sm. setting on edge 
Agacer, v. to * set on edge; to 

entice; ver, provoke 
Agacerie, sf. tiuiccment 
Agapes, /. pi. love-feasts; agapa 
Agaric, .sm. agaric 
Agate, .<r/. agate 
AgatLs, sm. waste, damage done 

in fields 
Age, sm. age 
Ag6, e. a. aged; old 
Agence, sf agency 
Agencement, .9wi. arrangement 
Agencer, va. to * set in order 
S'— , vr. to rig one's self 
Agenda, sm. memorandum book 

— Le drAle est sur mon agenda, 

/ remember that fellow 
S'agenouiller, v. to kneel down 
Agenoulller, sm. hassock 
Agent, sm. agent 




— de change, cxchavge broker 
Aggravation, — lion; provocatiov 
Aggrave, svi. threatening muni- 
Aggraver, va. to aggravate 
Agile, 2. a. agile, nimble 
Agilemcnt, ad. nimbly 
Aeilit6, sf. agiltty, nimbleness 
Agio, sm. coarse of exchange 
Agiotage, stock-jobbing 
Agioter, va. to stock-job 
Agioteur, sm. stock-jobber 
Agir, va. to act; * do; deal; * 
have an ivfiutnce; behave; ne- 
gotiate; sue 
AgissaiU, e a. stirring, efficacious 
Agitateur, sm. agitator 
Agitation, sf. agitation 
Agiter, va. to agitate; move; stir; 

disturb; disorder; debate 
Agnat, sm. descending from a 

collateral male line 
Agneau, sm. a lamb 
Agnelcr, ra. to yean 
Agnclet, sm. l/imbkin 
Agnelins, sm. pi. lambs'" skins 

Agnels, sm. pi. ancient French 

Agnes, .«/ a young raw girl; a 

Agnus, sm. a religious toy 
Agonie, sf. agony 
Agonisant, 5m. a dying man 
Agonisant, e. a. dying 
Agoniser, vn. to * be at the point 

of death 
AgralTe, sf. clasp 
AgrafFer, va. to clasp 
Agraire, 2. a. agrarian 
Agrandir, ra. to enlarge; raise 
S' — , vr. to * be enlarged, raised, 

promoted; to increase 
Agrandisscinent, *wi. enlarging; 

Agr6able, sm. what pleases 

, 2 a. agreeable 

Agr6ablemeiU, ad. pleasantly 
Agr6er, v. to allow; accept of; 
please, like 

un vaisseau, to rig a ship 

Agregat, sm. assemblage 
AgT6gatii>n, sf. admission 
Agreg6, sm. fellow 
Agr6ger, va. to aggregate; admit 

Agrement, sm. agreeallcncss; 


music and dancing in a play 
Agres, rigging 
Agresser. va. to aggress 
Agresseur, sm. aggressor 
Agression, sf. — sion; assault 
Agrcste, 2. a. agrestic, rustic, 

clownish; aciu, sour 
Agreeur, sm. rigger of a skip 
Agriculture, .<;/. --ture 
Agriere, groundrent 
S'agritfer, vr. to * cling fast 
Agripper, va. to snatch; pilfer 
Agrononie, sm. lo iter on agri- 
culture, agriculturist 
Agrouper,ru. to group figures in 

Aguerrir, train vp in war 
S' — , vr. to inure one^s self to 
Aguets, (eire aux, to * lie in wait 
Ah! int. ah! oh! alas! 
Allan, sm. trouble; effort 
Ahcurt6, e. a. obstinate 
Alieurlenienl, sm. obstinacy 
S'alreurter, vr. to * be obstinate 
Alii, int. oh dear! 
Ahunx,va to astonish,hurry:f ret 
Aide,s/. aid, help; chapel of ease 
Aido,sm. helper 
Aider, va. to help; aid 
AidPs, sf. subsidies, excise 
Aigail, sm. morning dew 
Aigayer, va. to bathe, wash 
Aiglc, sm. eagle; superior genius 
Aiglon, sm. eaglet 
Aigre, 2. a. sour; brittle; shrill; 

sharp; severe 
Aigre, m. sourness 
Aigredon, very fine doicn 
Aigre-doux, nuce, a. sourish; 

quaintly polite 
Aigrcfin, a sharpen 
Aigrelet, e. a. tart, sourish 
Aigrcment, ad. severely [wort 
Aigrenioine, sf. agrimony; liver- 
Aigret, e. a. sourish 
Aiaretlt, e. a. tufttd [thcrs 

AiizrctlH, sf. egret; tuft of fea- 
Aigreur, sourness; sharpness; 

spite, spleen 
Aigreurs, pi. heartburning 
Aigrir, ra to * make sour; im 
tate, incense 

S'aigrir, va. to tun} sour; to * be 

Aiau, e. a sharp, acute; shrill 
Aigiiade, /rf^A irater 
Aigueyer, va- to souk, water 
Aig,tit'niarine, sf. sort of pre 

c/uus stone 
Aiguieie, ewer 
Aiguieree, ewerfhll 
Aiguillo, needle; spire; hand of 

a watch 
Aiguillee, sf. needle-full 
Aiguillcr, sm. needle-maker 
Aiguillettc,i/. taggcdpoint; slice 
Aigui!letier,ra. to tie 'with points 
Aiguillier, sm. needle-case 
A iguillon, ^oarf; sting; motive 
Aiguilionner, va. to * sting, 

drive with a goad; to incite 
Aiguiser, to sharpen; whet 
Aiguisement, sm. sharpening 
Ail, garlic 
Aile, 5/. wing; sweep; aisle of a 

church; ale 
Ail^, e. a. winged 
Aileron, sm. fin; small wing; pi- 
A\\h\do.,sf. garlic-ragoo,or sauce 
Ailleurs, ad. elsewhere.— D'all- 

leur?, nthericise, besides 
Aimable, 2 a. amiable, lovely; 

Aiinant, sm. loadstone 
Aiinanler, va. to touch with the 

Aimantin, e. a. magnetic 
Aimer, va. to love; like; fancy; 

* be fond iif 
Ainc, .*/. grain 
Aiiic,c. a. cldf St, first-horn 
— , sia. cld'r, nlder, senior 
A]ti(;c,sf. eldest daughter 
.Mnes?e, sf. ehUrskip 
Ainsi, fid. so: thus; just so 

— que, as; even as' so as 
Ajour6, e a. pierced 
Ajoiirncment, sm. summons 
AiemrncT.ra to.<vvimon; * put off 
S'ajourner, vr to adjourn 
Aj'iuter, r-rt to add; join 
Air, sm. air; vent; wind 

— ,sm. manner; carriage; way 
— , sm. tune 
Aiiain. sm bra.<s 
Aire,.*/, area; ii-ind 




-, bir» Jluor; lynj [nest of a 

bird of pr,y) 
Aiiee, a baniJiuorfuUuJ- sheaves 

ready to tkrash 
Aiicr, oil- to * make one's airy 
Airier, mi. to fumigate 
A is, sin. board; plank; shelf 
Ai.-aMce, sf. ease {iyi manners) 
Aisauce, ready money 
Aisunces, sf. jj I. privy 
Aise, '2. a. glad; joyful 
— , sf. ease; content; convenien- 

cy; leisure 
AiiC, e. a. s. easy; rich 
Aisem«ni, sm. prixy; leisure 
AisPUifiiit, ad. easily; fredy 
Aisseiio, sf. armpit 
Aissieu, essieii, axlctree; axis 
Aiti-«3, etres, sm. pL rooms of a 
AjiistejC. a. fttt-t; joined [house 
Ajiisti'fiieiit, S'li. adjusting; 

agrr.'iiieut; attire 
Ajnstt'inens, comicnirnces 
AjiLstiM-, va. to adjust; frame; 
trim; Jit; use ill; reconcile; 
* take one's aim at; direct 
S' — , vr. to prepare one's self; 

suit; trim; agree 
Aiu'Stoir, sm. coinage-scale 
Alaittn", na to suckle 
Alanibic, sm limbec; still 
8'alanibiquer, vr. to puzzle; re- 
fine too much upon 
Alan, sm. bound 
!\iargner,t'H. to * -Hind off to sea 
Aiarino, .of. alarm; fear 
Alariner, va. to alirm., fd^hC 
S'— , vr. to * be frightcKt 
Albatre, s;fl. alaba-t-r ' 
Albeiv-", sf. early prach 
Albian, .sot. a young icild drake 
Allircner, va. to * shout at wild 
ducks [dam-book 

Album, .im. album; memoran- 
Alcade, alcaid; .sheriff 
Alcaique, 2. a. alcaic 
Alcliymie, sf. alchymy 
Alcliyiiiyste, sm. alcliymist 
Alcoran, alvoran 
Alcove, sf. alcove 
Alcyou, .v7rt. kiiig's-fishcr 
Aklerinrtn, alderman 
Altigre, 'i. a. brisk; cheerful 
Alegrement, ad. briskly 
Al^sresso,^ sf. joy; alacrity 

.^rencontre, ad. against; by 
Ale lie, sf. an awl 
Alenlir, va. to slacken 
Aieutour, ad. round about 
Aleiitoars, sm. pi. neighbouring 
places; intimate friends, in- 
Alerion, sm. eaglet [mates 
Alerte, 'J. a. alert; brisk; pert 
, sf. a. warning of being up- 
on one's guard 

, ad. be upon your guard 

Alen (franc,) sm. freehold 
Alexandiin, e. a. aUzandrine 
Alexipharmique, "2. a. antidotal 
Alt.'zan, s. a sorrel horse 

e a. sorrel colour 

Algaradc, sf. insult prank 
Algehraiqu.H, 2. a. algebraical 
Alg(5*re, sf. algebra 
Alg6briser, o. to * ipcak, or * 

write upon algebra 
Algebriste, sm. algchrist , 
Alguazii,— 2/i,cy;(»7.'iiZc in Spain 
Algue, sf. s fa- weed 
Alibi, sm. alibi, absence 
Alibi-forain, pretence, kad excuse 
Aliboron, sm. a. conceited fellow 
Alidade, cross-staff 
Alienablo, 2 a. alienable 
Alienation, sf. —tion, aversion 
A!ieii6, e. a. insane 
Aliener, va. to alienate 
Alignement, sm. line; row 
Aligner, vr. to lay out by line 
Alinioat., sm. a.limcnt; food 
Aliniens, /;/.. alimony 
Alinientaire, % a. —tary 
Albnemer, va. to maintain; feed 
Aiinu;uteux, sc. a. nulritive 
.■\linoa, sm. aiinea, paragraph 
A linger, va. to furnish linen 
S' — , vr. to * bespeak linen 
Aliquante, sf aliquant part 
Alifiuote, aliquot p'irt 
S'aliler, vr. to '^ keep one^s led 
Alite, 0. a. bed-riddm 
Alizes, (vents) a. trade winds 
Alkali, sm. alkaline 
Alkalisation, sf. —tion 
Alkaliser, va. to alkalise 
AlkernieH,.«?7i. (a con) pound drug) 
A116chen.ent., sm. allurement; 

Alle.cher, va. to allure; entice 
\ All^c, sf. entry; walk 

Allegation, quotation 
Allege, a. tender; lighter 
AiKjgeance, allegiance 
Allegenient, sm. alleviation 
Alieger, va. to ease; lighten 
Allegorie, sf. allegory 
Allegorique,^. a. —rical 
AUegoriquement, ad. —rically 
AUegoriser, va. to allegorize 
Allegorisseur, sm. one who is at~ 

ways allegorizing 
Allegorist.c,"sra. allegorist 
Allegro, lively, livelily 
Alleguer. va. to allege, quote 
Alltiuia, sin.vrii.7se t/ie J^ord 
Alleiisand. Iht: German tongue, 
Allemaikle, sf. allcmandc 
A-Uer, va. to * go; walk 
Allen, sm. freehold 
Alliage, sm. mixture of metals 
Alliance, sf. — cc; covenant 
Allie, e. s. relation; ally 
Aliicr, va. to ally; mix 

8' , vr. to match [^c. 

Ailier, sm. a net to catch quails, 
Alligator, — tor, 
AlNibroiie, sm. a clownish man 
Allocation, sf. alloicance in an 

Allocution, — tion 
Allodial, e. a. —dial; free 
Ailodialite, sf. freehold 
Allonge, eking place 
Allongenien, sm. lengthening 
Allonger, v. to lengthen ; to 

stretch; prolong 
S'allonger, vr. to * grow longer 
Ailnual)li', 2. a. allowable 
Allouer, vr. to allow; admit 
Alloue, .s-7/i. a journeyman 
Alliuuer, va. to light; kindle 
8' — , vr. to be kindled 
Al'uniette, sf. a match 
Alliuneur, sm. the snuffer 
Allure, sf. gate; pace; way of 

AUubion, — sion; quibble; jmn 
Alluvion, —i^ion 
Alniageste,sH/.aZ(noo'cs<, or a col- 
lection of astronomical obser- 
Alrnanach, sm. almanack 
Alniandine, s/. sort of ruby 
Aloes, sm. aloes 
Alot'iique, 2. a. aloetic bitter 





Aloi, sm. alloy; value 
Alors, ad. at that time, then 
Alose, sf. a shad 
Alouette, a lark 
Alourdir, va. to stupify, stun 
AJoyage, sm. allaying; mixture 
AloyaU (de boeuf,) sirloin 
Alphabet, sm. alphabet 
Alphab^tique, 2. a. — betical 
Alphab6tiquement, ad. — cally 
Alpiste, sm. canary-seed 
.\Jt6rable, 2. a changeable 
Alterant, e. a. that causes thirst 
Alt6ratif, ve. a. alterative 
Alteration, sf. —tion; adultera- 
tion; excessive thirst; pervert- 
Altercation, contest [ing 
Alt6re,e. a. thirsty; adulterated; 
altered. — Un tigre alt6r6 de 
sang, ii blood-thirsty man 
Alterer, vu. to cause thirst; dis- 
order; alter; adulterate 
Alternatif, ve. a. alternate 
Alternative, sf. —ive, clioice 
Altemativemeiit, ad. —nately 
Alteme, 2. a. alternate 
Altosse, .'•/. highness 
AUier, e. haughty; lofty 
Altiereraent, ad. haughtily 
Altira6trie, sf. altimetry 
Alv6ole, sm. cell, tooth socket 
Alum, alum 

Alumelle, sf. blade of a knife 
Alumiere, j/. alum-mme 
Alumineux, se. a, aluminous 
Amabilit6,s/. — lity, amiabltncss 
Amadis, sm. frill, ruffle 
Amadou, sm. tindrr 
Amadouement, fondling 
Amadouer, va to fondle, coax 
AniadoTieur, sm. coaxrr 
.\maigri, e. a. emaciated 
-Amaigrir. va. to * make lean 
— , vn. to * grow lean,* fall away 
Amalgamation, sf. — tion 
Amalgame, sm. —gama 
Amalgamer, va. to amalgamate, 

Amande, almond; kernel; also 
a piece of crystal cat in the 
form of an almond 
Araandier, sm. almond-tree 
Amrint, lover; suitor 
Amantc, sf. sweetheart 

Amaraate, amaranthus 
to replace those of a taken ship 
Amarque, sf. sea-mark 
Amarrage, sm. anchorage 
Amarrc, sf. a rope; a fast 
Amarrer, va.* to inakefast,moor 
Amarres, sf. pi. checks, or side 
posts of a wind-beam or crane 
Amas, SOT. heap; pile 
Amassement, heaping up 
Amasser, va. to heap up; * lay 

up; gather, collect 
S'amasser, va. to gather 
Amassette, sf. painter's knife 
AmasbCur, so. s. heapcr up 
Amateloter, va. to dicidp the com- 
pany of a ship 
Amateur, sm- virtuoso, lover 
Amatir, va. to unpolish metals 
Ambages, sf. pi. preamble, cir- 
Ambassade, 5/. embassy 
Anibassadeur, sm. amhcLSsador 
Arabassadrice, ><;/ ambassadress 
Amhescis, sm. ambsace 
Ambient, e. a. ambient 
Ambidextre, 2. a. —dexter 
Ambigu, e. a. ambiguous 
— , sm. medl'.y 
— , a game at ca^ds 
.Aiubiguiie, .s/. ambiguity 
Ambigunienl, a-l. —guoiisly 
.\mbitieuiemeiit, — tiously 
.•\mbitifux se a- ambitious 
.■Vnibii.ion, sf. amhition 
Ainbitioiiiier, va. to affect; to 

* be ambitious 
.Amble, sm. amble 
.Ambler, va. to amble 
Amb!eur,s//i. officer if the king's 

Ambre, amber 
Ambre gris, awhergHs 
Ambrer, vi. to perfume 
Anibroisie sf. ambrosia; deli- 
cious eating or drinking; oak 
of Jerus dim 
.Arabroisier., ne. a. ambrosian 
Ambulant. e.a ambulatory, strol 

— , sm. exciseman 
Amliula'oi e, 2. a. —latory 
Ame sf. sjTxli spirit ( 

[ — , middle part of a faggH 
Am6, e. a. well-beloved 
Amelioration, sf. improvement 
Ameiiorer, va. to improve 
Ameliorissemeiit, sm. improve* 

Amen, Amen; so be it 
Amenage, carriage 
Amendable, 2. a. finable; mend- 
Amende, sf. a fine 
Amendement, sm. bettering 
Amender, va. to fine; mend; * 

fall in price 
Aniener, va. to * bring; * strike, 

lower; reduce; cause 
Am^nit^, sf. pleas antncss—Am^' 

nit6 de caractere, sweetness of 

temper.— Amdn'ite de style, 

flowery style 
Amenuiser, va. to * make thin 
Araer, e. a. bitter 
— , sm. bitterness; the gall of 

Amerement, ad. bitterly 
Aniertume, sf. bittirness 
Amesurement, sm. appraising 
Amesurer, va. to appraise 
Am6te,e. a. limited, bounded 
,Am6thysle, 5/. amethyst 
Ameublcraent, sm. furniture 
Ameubler, v. vid. Meubler 
Ameublir,ca. to * make moveabU. 
Ameublissement, sm. the making 

Ameuloner, va. to heap up 
A*ieutemcnt, sm. mob; coupling 

Ameuter, va. to couple hounds; 

to stir up; maintain a good 

understanding amorg 9 body 

of soldiers 
S'ameuter, vr. to conspire 
.Amfigouri, Amphigouri, sm. a 

burlesque discourse 
Ami, friend; siccithrart 
Ami, e. a. friendly: courteous 
Amiable, 2. a. friendly, amicable 
A I'amiable, in a friendly vay 
Amiablemeiit, ad. kindly 
Amiante, sf. amianthus 
Amical, e. a. courteous, amieabU 
Amicalement, ad. lovivghf 
Amict, sm. amice; ^riciti's $A««I> 




\in}don, sm. starch 
Amidonner,v a to starch; powder 
Amidonnier, sm starchman 
Atnie, .?/. friend; mistress 
Amignarder,va to fondle; caress 
Amignoter, to fondle; cocker 
Amincir, to * make thin 
Amineur, sm. salt-meter 
Amiral, admiral 
Ainirale, sf. admiral's ship; ad- 
miral's wife 
Amirante, sm. amir ant; Spanish 

Amiraut6, sf. admiralty 
Amissibilit6, — bility 
Omissible, 2. a. admissible 
Amiti6, sf. friendship; love; fa- 
vour; sympathy; pleasure, 
mellowness of cloth 
Amities, compliments, 
Amman, s>n. a title of honour in 

Ammon, come, d'amraon, /. a 

kind of spiral shell 
Ammoniac, sm. g^um ammoniac 
Amnistio, sf. amnesty 
Amoindrir, va. to lessen; abate 
Amoindrissement, sm. decrease 
Amoins de, c. under; except 
Amoinsque, unless 
Amollir, va. to soften; molHfy 
S'amoUir, vr. to * grow effemi- 
nate; * (trow soft; * he moved 
Amolissement, sm. softening; 

Amonceler, va to heap up 
Amont, ad- up the river 
Amorce, sf. bait; prime; decoy 
Amercer, va. to bait; allure; 

Amorcoir, sm. an auger 
Amortir, va. quench; redeem; 
allay; * put out; fade; deaden; 
S* — ^ ^j. to grow weak; abate 
Amortissable, 2. a. redtema'de 
Amortissement, sm. redeem; 
mortmiin; finishing; abating 
AmovihUit6, sf removing; mov- 
ing away 
Amovibile, 2. a removable 
Amonr, sm- lone; passion 
Amour propre, self-love 
Amours, sm. pi sports; smiles; 

Amours, .?/. pi. a mistress 
S'amrt^iracher, vr. to* be smitten 

in love 
Amourette, sf. intrigue 
Amoureusement, ad amorously 
Amoureux, se. a. in love with 
Amourcux, sm. a lover, wooer 
Amphibie, 2. a. — bious; neuter. 
— Get homme est un amphi- 
bie, that man i? always of 
every body's opinion 
Ampliibologie, sf. —logy 
Amphibologique, 2. a. —gical 
Amphibologiquemenl, ad. am- 

Amphigouri, sm. nonsense 
Amphigourique, a. obscure, af- 
Amphisciens, sm. — scians 

Amphitheatre, theatre; first 

ATnphore,sf. a measure of liquids 
Ample, 2. a. large; wide; diffuse 
Amplement, ad. fully, amply 
Ampleur, sf. amplitude; fulness 
Ampliatif, ve. a. ampliating 
Ampliation, sf. duplicate 
Amplier, va. to prolong; to re- 
Amplificateur, sm. romancer; 

artful pleader 
Amplification, sf. —tion 
Amplifier, va. to amplify 
Amplitude, sf. -de, extent 
Ampoulle, bubble; blister; vial 
Ampoull6, e. a. high-flown 
Amputation, sf. —tion 
Amputer, va. to * cut of 
Amulette, sf. amulet; charm 
Amurer, va. to stretch a cable 
Amusant, e. a. amusing 
Amusement, sm. — ment; delay; 

Amuser, va. to amuse 
A musette, sf. trifling amusement 
Ameuseur, .^m seducer 
Amusoire, sf. amusing trifle 
Amygdales, kernels in the neck; 

An, sm year 
Anabaptisme, —«»•?;« 
Anabaptiste, ^^rist 
AnachorAte, a.iachoret 
Anachroriisme, —nisra 
Anacreontique, 2. q, —tic 

Anagogie, s/. mystery 
Anagogique, 2. a. mystical 
Anagrammatiser, va. to tranS' 

pose letters 
Anagrammatiste, sm. maker of 

Anagramme, sf. anagram 
Analectes, sm. pi. analects; * 
chosen fragments of an author 
Anaiemme, sm. analemma 
Analeptique, 2. a. analeptis ; 

Analogic, sf. analogy 
Analogique, 2. a. — gical 
Analogiquement, ad — cally 
Analogisme, sm. — gism 
Analogue, 2 a. analogous 
Analyse, sf. analysis 
Analyser, va. to analyse 
Analyste, sm. an analyst 
Analytique, 2. a. —tical 
Avialytiquement, ad. — cally 
Ananas, sm. ananas; pineapple 
Anarchic, sf. anarchy 
Anarcliique, 2. a. anarchic 
Anath6matiser, va. to anathema' 

Anatheme, 5/. —ma; person ex- 
Anatomic, sf. — my 
Anatomique, a. — cal 
Anatomiquement, ad. —mically 
Anatomiscr, va. to — mize 
Anatomiste, sm. — mist 
Ancfitres, sm. pi. ancestors 
Anchois, sm. anchovy 
Ancien, ne. a. old; late; ancestor 
Ancien, sm. elder; senior 
Anciennement, ad. anciently 
Anciennet6, sf. ancientness; 90- 

Anciles, sm. pi. sacred shields 
Ancrage, sm. anchorage 
A ncre, sf anchor, iron brace 
Anrr6. e. a. anchored; ankerdOT 

ancree (in heraldry) 
Ancrer, vn. to anchor 
S'ancror, vr. to settle 
Ancrure .9/. a little plait or fold 

in cloih 
Andant6, moderately 
Andouillo. sf hog's pudding 
— de tabac, roll of tobacco 
Andoulllers, sm deer's antlers 
Andouillctte, sf. forced mec^ 





Androgyne, sm. — gynus 
AndroiiJe, 5.71 automaton 
Aiift, sm. ass: idiot 
Arieaiiiir, vi. to annihil ite 
S' — ,ti humble one's selJ\to*come 

to nothinr [tion 

Aneantissement, sm. anniMla- 
Aneedotes, .«/. pi anecdotes 
Anee, sf the load of an ass 
Anemosraphie, — ptiy 
An6moinnre, sm. — meter 
An6raoin3trie, sf. — try 
Anemone, sf unemony, wind- 

Anerie, sf. irross ignorance 
Anesse, a she-iss 
Anet, sm. anise, dill 
Anfractueux, euse, a. uneven, 

Angar, sm. shed 
Ange, angel; chain-shot 
Angeliqae, -2. a. angelical 
Angftliqne, sf. angelica 
Ang61iqiieinent, ad. — cally 
Angelot, sm. a sort of ..\'orman 

cheese; ancient coin 
Angelus, ^oe Maria 
Angle, angle 
Anglican, 'e. a. anglican; of 

Angtici.^m'^, sm nnglicism 
Angloif!. Rngltfthmin 
Angloi3, e. a. English 
Angoisse. sf aacruish, pang 
Angon, sm javelin of th^ ff luls 
Angnichiire, «/ hunls nan's belt 
Angiiillade, lishing 
Anguille, "el 
Angiiilli -re, ai eel-pond 
An^'ilaire, l. a. angulir 
An!|ule't\', sr;. a a'tgalous . 
An!i'i-«ti'^, ft. a. narrjio 
Anicrovha, sf. hini rdnce, sub- 

Anier, s-n- ass-drincr 
Anil, anil: imigo-pl int 
Anunilvprsion .«/. —ton; check 
Ariinn!, sn. animal, brute 
, e a ani ml; sensual; ssn- 

siblc: hhck/ieal 
Animalcule, s 71 — cule 
AnimaMt6, sf. —Uty 
Ani:na?inn, —tinn 
Aniin6, e a animated; brisk 
Animer, va. anin.ite; enlioan 

S' , vr. to * be angry 

Aniinosite, sf animosity, spite 
Ani5, sn. anist; aniseed; sugar- 
ed aniseed 
Annal, e. a. annual 
Annales, sf. pi. annals 
Annaliste, sm. annalist 
Annate, sf. annals 
Anneau, .?OT. ring, boa; curl 
Annee, sf. year 

bissextile, leap-year 

Anncler, va. to curl; to * ring 
Annelel, sm. little ring; annulet 
Annelure, sf curling 
Annexe, anncz; chapel of ease 
Anaexer, va. to annex; unite 
Annexion, sf. annezment 
Annihilation, — tion 
Annihiler, va to annihilate 
Anniversaire, a. s. — sary 
Annonce, sf banns of niitrimo- 

ny; notice of a play 
Annoncer, va. to * make known; 

* gave out 
Annonciade, sf. annonciada 
Annonciation, annunciation 
Annonciateur, sm. procluimer 
Annotateur, annotator 
Annotation, sf. — tion, inventory 
Aunoter, va. to * takp an inven- 
tory; * make remarks 
Annuel, e. a. annual, yearly 
Annnellement, al. annually 
Annuite, sf. annuity, set pay- 
ment for life 
Annnlaire, 2. a. {doigt) ring- 

Annul alien, sf. — tion 
Annuler, va to annul; di.sannul 
Anohlir, va to enno'jle 
Anob'is-seiniitit, sm. ennobling 
Anodin, e. a. lyne 
Anonial, c. a. anomalous 
Anomalia, sf. irregularity 
Anon, sm 
Anonn^r, vn. to hesitate, to * 

read clownishly 
Anonym:;, '2. a- —mous 

-, sm — mous author 

Anse, sf. hanile; ear; creek 
Anseatifiues, 2. (ville.s) hansn- 

Anspe-sade, sm. l.incepesado ; 
I under corporal 
' Antagoniate, antagonist 

Antarctique, 2. a. antarctic 
Aiitecedemment, a I —dently 
Antecedent, e a. foreg-oi^^g 
Anlece<'ent, s.n. antece Itnt 
Antecesseur, predecessor 
Antechrist, antichrist 
Aiitecians, s:n. pi. antinci 
Antenne, sf. sail yard 
Antennes, pi. horns of hnttct 

flies, &c. 
Antepenultiemf?, a. s. —ti>nj 

the lust but two 
Antei ieur, e. a. foremost 
Anterieurement, ad. bnforj 
Anteriorit«, sf. priority 
Antliologie, — logy 
Antliropologie, —logy 
AnihroiK)niorphite, sm. attribut- 
ing a human form to God 
Aniliropopathie, — pathy 
Antliropopiiages, sm. pi. men 

Antliropophagie, sf. -^phagy 
Anticlianibre, —chamber 
Antichrese, antichresis 
Antichretien, ne. o. —christian • 
Antichristianisme, .<tm. — nism 
Anticipation, sf. — tion 
Anticiper,ua. to anticipate^fore- ■ 

Anticiper snr, to usurp, invade 
Antidate, sf. antedate 
AntidatPr, va. to antedate 
Antidote, sm. antidote 
Antldoter, va to mix with anti- 
Anticnii", sf. anthem 
Antilogio, antilogy 
Antimoins. sm. antimony 
Antimonaicliique, -i. a. —chical 
Antinioiiial, e. a. — nial- 
Antinomie, sf. — my 
Antinoinien, ne. s. — miin 
Anlipaps, S'n. antip.ipe 
Antiparalytiqne, 2. a. 3. —lis 
Antipailiie, sf —pathy 
^nripathi'iuft, 2. a. averse 
Antip6ristasfi. sf. —Lasis 
Antipestilentiel, le. a. —tial 
Antipfione, sf. antiphone 
Antiphonaire, Anliplionier, anti 

p'l ofre, book of anthems 
Antiphrase, sf. —pkra.^e 
An'ipodal, e. a. ~dal 
Antipodes, sm. pi. — podes 





A.nt\pode^contrary, contradiction 
Antiptose, sf. antiptosis 
Antipyrotiques, remedy 

good for a burning 
Antiquaille, >/. an antique 
Anticiuailles, pi. old rubbish 
Antiquaire, sm. —quary 
Antiquariat,(Ae knowledge of an- 
tiques and antiquities 
Antique, a. s. antique; ancient 
Antiquire, s/. antiquity 
Amisciens, .fintiscii 
Antiscoibutique, 2. a. —tical 
Antisliophe, sf. —phe 
Antithese, sf. —thesis 
Antitriniiaires, sm. unitarians 
Antitype, sn. antitype; figure 
Antiven(5rit'!i, a sm. — nereal 
Aniiv6ro!ique. 2 a. good against 

the small-pox 
Antre, sm. den; cave; cavern 
S'anniiiter, vr. to be * benighted 
Anus, sm. anu.'i, fundament 
Anxiety, 5/. anxiety., anguish 
\oriste, sm aorist 
Aout, sm. August; harvest 
Ac)Ut6, e. a. ripen: d by the sun 
Aofiteron, sm. h.arvcst-:nan 
Apaaage, appanage; appendix 
Apanager, oa. to settle on 
Apanagiste, sm. a prince whi 

enjoys an appanage 
Apanthropie,.-/..-!;* art//; ropii, i.e 
aversion forths company tfmen 
Aparte, sui. an aside 
Apathie, sf. apathy 
Apathique,2. a. apathie, insensi- 
Apathiste, sm. void of feeling, a 

selfish man 
Ap6deute, S7/1. en illiterate man 
Ai>ercevoir, va. to perceiv. 
Apercu, sm. note, ohservation 
Ap<^ritif,va. a. apcritine. opening 
Apertfimont, nd. aprrtly 
A-peu-pr<'!S, ad- nearly, almost 
Aph^lie, sm. apheii.nn 
Aphorisme, sm aphorism 
Aphoristique, 2. a. aphmistic 
Aphronitre, sm. snll-pptre 
Api, drlir.ate sort of apple; also 

A[)itoyer, va. to moi^e, npct 
Aplaner, 117? to nap cloth 
Aplau'jur, .-in. he who naps cloth 

Aplanir, va. to level; clear 
Aplanissenient, sm. levrlling 
Aplomb, ad. perpendicularly 
Apocalypse, sf. apocalypse 
Apocaliptique, 2. a.— tic 
Apocope, sf. a final elision 
Apocryphe, 2. a. apocryphal 
Apocliryphes, sm. pi. apocrypha 
Apodictique, 2. a. —ctical, de- 
Apogee, sm. apogceum; height 
Apograplie, —phum; copy 
Apologetique, 2. a. sm.— tical 
Apologic, sf. apology 
Apologiste, sm. apologist 
Apologue, apologue, fable 
Apopluliegme, —thcgm 
Apoplectique, 2. a apoplectic 
Apoplexie, sf. apoplexy 
Apostasie, npo.-tacy 
Apostasier, va. to apostatize 
A postal, sm. apostate 
x^L poster, va. to suborn; appoint 
Apostheine, sm. swelling; impos- 

Aposthume, sf. aposthume; im- 

posthume, abscess 
Aoosthunier, vn. suppurate 
A postille, sf. postscript, margin- 
al note 
Apostiller, va. to * write margin- 
al notes 
Apostr)lat, sm. apostlrship 
•\postoli(iue, 2. a. apostolic 
A rapostoliqne, ad holily 
ApostoliciuoiiK'iit, ad. —lically 
Apostrophe, sf. apostrophe 
Apostroplier, va. to * speak to; 

* cut off a vowel 
Apotlxiose, sf. apotheosis 
Apotli6oser, va. deify a man 
Apothiraire, sm.. apothecary 
Apoihicairerie, .'./. apothecary's 

shop or business 
Apothicairesso, the apothecary in 

a nunnery 
A[»otie, .sm. an apostle 
Apozeme, sm. apozem 
Appaiser, va. to appease; quiet, 

.\pparat, .tm. preparation; com- 

Appavaux, sm. pi. all appurte- 

vivc-s of a ship 
Appuniil. sm pre jar ationi Ian- 

da ge;c.quipage; height or thick 

ncss of a stone in the quarry 

Appareiiler, va. to march; * get 

Appareilleur, sm. a marker of 
stones to be cut 

Apparemnient, ad. rcntly, 

Apparence, sf. appearance; sign 
Apparent, e. a. — rent: eminent 
Apparente, e. a. related 
S'apparenter, r?-. to marry into 
S'apparesser, vr. to * grow lazy 
Apparier, to pair, match, sort 

S' , vr. to couple 

Appariteur, sm. — tor; beadle 
Appaiition, sf. — tion; vision 
Apparoir, vn. to appear 
Apparojtre, to appear 

S' , vr. to * show one's self 

Appartenient, sm. apartment; 

Appartenance, .</. appurtenance 
Appartenant, e. a. belonging 
Appartenir, vn. to belong to; to 

* become 
Appas, sm. charms, attractive.^ 
Afipfit, bait; allurtmr.nt 
Ajjpater, to allure, to * feed in 

fant3, birds, <SiC. 
Appauvrir, to impoverish 

S' , vr. to * groio p:or 

Appauvrissenieiit, sm. impovcr 

ishmcnt; d^cay 
Appeau, bird-call; quailpipc; 

Appel, appeal; call, chnllcnge 
Appelant, e. a. s. appiuling; de 

Appellatif, ve. a. app.Uative 
Appellation, sf. appial 
Appeller, ur/.. to C'lLl: appeal 

S' , vr. to * be called 

Appendice, sm. appendix, adden- 
Appendre, tja. to append 
Appontis, sv). a shed 
A pperci'vable, 2. a perceivable 
Appc.«antir, va. (o * make heavy 

or dull 
S' — , vr. to * be made heavy; to 

* groic dull Arnujnfs* 
Appetence, sf. apptcmy 
App6ler, va. to covet 





AppJtibilite, sf. — Uty 
Appjtible, '2. a. desirable 
Appetis, stn. small onions 
Appetissaiit, e. a. relishing 
Appetissemiint, sm. diminiUion 
Appetisser, vx. to diminish; Iss- 

Sfti; * shrink 
Appetit, sin. appetite; desire 
Appi^tiiif, ve. a. —live 
Appetiti«;>, sf. — tion, desire 
Appieceiiieiit, sm. piecing 
Appiecer, vn. to piece 
S'appietrir, vr. to fade 
Applaiier, pa. to raise the wool 

tcit'i bristly cards 
Applaaeur, sm. wool-carder 
Applauir, ca. to smooth 
Applanissement, sm. smoothing 
Applanisseur, se. s. a polisher 
Applatir,oa. to flatten; beat down 
Applatisseraeat, sni. flattening 
Applaudir, va. to applaud 
Applaudissement, sm. applause 
Applaudissaur, commender 
AppliL'enient, bailing 
AppI ;ger, va, to bail 
Applicable, 2. a. applicable 
Application, sf. — tion; study 
Applique, inlaying 
Appliquer, v i. to apply; set; 

* put; * lay; give, bestow; 

* stick up 
Appoint, sm. odd money 
Appointeriienl, allowance, decree 
A\}p'Wiler, *give allowance 
Appoinieur, sm. partial Jud<re 
\\)\xirt, mtrkct; country wake 
Ap;v.»rta<;p, c 
App:)rtiir, 0(1. to * bring; convey; 

ctuse; use; raise; start 
.•\pp(»ser, to put to or in; * set 
.•\pp )sitioii, sf. — tion; putting 
Appreci;i»eur, sm. appraiser 
.AppniciiUi )!1, sf. appraising 
.\',y,n(icitr, oi appraise; rate 
A;>i)ri;!i.;Ti hr, to apprehend; fear 
A|ip'eIii-'\-ir, ve a. fearful 
Apprenrt't;, va. to learn; hear; 

i.ifor n, discocer 
.\p;)renti, e. s apprentice; novice 
App'enti3-!a2;e, sm. apprentice- 
ship: trial 
ApprSt, prepxrition; painting 
on glts.^: dressing of food; 

Appr^ter, va. to prepare; dress 
Appreteur, sm. painter on glass 
Apprivoi.semeiU, taming 
Apprivoiser, oa. to tame; to ac- 
S' — , to * grow tame 
Appreiiension, sf. —sion; fear 
Approbateur, sm. approver; ap- 

Approbatif, ve. a. approving 
Approbation, sf. —tion 
Approbatrice, approver 
Approchaiit, H 2. a. something 

Approchant, ad. about 
— , de. pr. near about 
Approciie, sf. approach 
.A.pproci]er, va. to approach; * 

draw near 
Approfondir, to * malie deeper; 

to search into 
Approt'oudisscment, sm. jnuking 

deeper; investigation 
Appropriance, sf. tJie act of tak- 
ing possession 
.Appropriation, — tion 
Approprier, va- to appropriate; 

to adapt; to fit up 
Approvisionneineat, sm. supply 

of provisions 
Approvisiouaer, va. to supply 

with provisions; provide 
Approvisionneur, s:n. procidfr 
Approuver, va. to approve; to 

like; to allow; con.'seut 
Appro.vimati >?i, sf. —tion 
Appui, sm. support; prop; stay; 

help; lief end sr 
Appui-main, sm. miul.^tick 
Appuyer, vi. to support; * prop; 

protect, keep up 
— , vn. to press or dwell upon 
S' — , vn. to rely: lean; 
.\pre, -2. a. rough; ea^er; hard 
Apreinent, ad. harshly; sharply 
Apres, pr. ad. after, next to 
Apres coup, too late 
Apres quoi, ad. after that; af- 
Apres que, c. when, after [roio 
Apres-demain, ad. after to-nior- 
.\pres-din6e, sf. afternoon 
Apr^s-midi, afternoon 
Aprete, roughness; sharpness; 

Apte, 2. a. apt, fit 
.Aptitude, sf. aptness 
Apuremeut, sm. cleanness; seU 

Aj)urer, va. to cleanse; settle 
Aquatile, 2. a- aquatic 
Aquatique, 2. a. aquatic;ioatenf 
.\queduc, sm. aqueduct 
.Aqueu.x, se. a. waterish; watery 
Aqailin, e. hawked 
Aquiloa, sm. north-wind 
Aquilonaire, 2. a. northerly 
\rabe, sm. griping usurer; Ara- 
bian; Arabic 
.Arabesques, sf. pi. arabesks; 
whimsical ornamentsi^in paint- 
. ing) 

Arabesse, sf. Arabian woman 
Arabique, Arabesque 2.a.Arabia 
Arable, 2. a. arable 
Arac, sm. arrack 
Araigaee, sf. spider; web 
Arainber, va. to grapple 
Arang, sm. a lazy printer 
A rase meat, equal height 
.\raser, vi to level, flatten 
Araioi re,a. belonging to husban 
dry [stajf 

.•\rbal6te, cross-bow; Jacob's 
.Arbalete a jaie', stone-bow 
.Arbalfiter, va. to shore up; * sta} 
Arbaletrier, sm. cross-bow-man 
.Arbaletriers,.*7n pi. pieces of tim- 
ber that * bear up the rafteri 
of a roof 
.Arbitrage, arbitrage; reference 
Arbitrairo, 2. a. arbitrary; ab 

.Arbitrairenient, ad. arbitrarily 
Arbitral, e a. (sentence) sf. awari 
.Arhitralemeat, ad. by way of ar 

Arbitrateur, sm. — tor 
.Arbitration, sf. estimation; priz 

.Arbitre, (libre,) sm. free-will; 

.Arhitrer, va. to arbitrate; order 
.Arborer, to hoist; * set up 
.Arboris6, a. leaved, tufted 
.Arbousier, sm. strawberry tret 
.Arbre, a tree; beam; mast 
.Arbre de Diane, chymical tree 
.Arbrisseau, shrub; small tret 
.Arbqste, s^rub; bu^h 





Arc, a how; arch; section 
Arc-en-ciel, rainbow 
Arcade, sf. vault; arch; arcade 
Arc,nne,Arcanum,s in. particular 

secret of a quack 
Arcboutant, sm. buttress; ring- 
Arcbouter, va. to * prop; support 
Arceau, sm. arch, key 
Archal, brass loire 
Archange, archangel 
Arclie, sf. arch; ark 
Arch6e, sm. vital 
Archelet, sm. little bow 
Archer, an archer; a bowman 
Archere, sf. a bow-iooman 
\rchei,sm. fiddlestick ;bn id: hoop 
\rclietypo, archetype; jnndel 
Archevech'i, archbishuprick; 

archbishop's palace 
Archeveqtie, archbishop 
Arcliidiaconat, archdcaconship 
Arcljidiacoiie, archdeaconry 
Archidiacre, archdeacon 
Archidue, archduke 
Arcliidiich6, archlukelom 
Archiducliesse, sf. archdutcness 
^rchi6piscopal, e. a. —pil 
Archicpiscopat, sm. an archbi- 
shop's dignity 
'Vrchi pedant, errant pedant 
Archipol, — ;>eligo 
Vrchipr^tre, sni archnricst 
\rcbipretre, arrhpHesthood 
Archit«ct«, architect 
Arcliitf'Cturo, sf. — tare; fabric- 

Arcliilrave, sm. — travn 
A rchives,*/. pi. archivs; records 
Arciuvi3te, sm. keeper of the re- 
Arcliivolte, archiimult 
Arrhonte, arrhon, or chief ma- 
gistratein thn Greek republics 
Ar^on, saddle-bow 
Arctiqiie, 2. a. arctic 
\rct'mm, sm..<iort ofprtty mullein 
Ai-cture, sm. Charles's wain 
Ard6Iion, sm. a cringino- rascal 
Ardemment, ad. ardently 
A 'den3, sm. pi- St. .finihony's fire 
A'derit, e. a. ardent; burning; 

Jager; violent; red; fiery 
A dent, sni. jahk-a-lani.ern 
A> deiir, sf. ardour; heat; zeal 

Ardillon, sm. tongue of a buckle 

Ardoise, sf. slate 

Ardois6, e. a- of a slate colour 

Ardoisiere, sf. slate quarry 

Ardre, va. to * burn; consume 

Ardu, e. a- arduous, hard 

Are, sm. fourteen square yards 

Arene, sf. sand, gravel; arena, 

Arener, vn. to * sink under 
Aieneux, se. a. sandy 
Areole, sf. circle of a pap 
Areometre, sm. areometer 
Ar6opa!|e, Jireopagus 
Areopagite, — gite 
Arer, va. to drag the anchor 
Arete, sf. fish-bone; edge; ridge 
Argemone, sf. thorny poppy 
Argent, sm. silver; jnoney; ar 


— vif, quicksilver 

— nionnoy6, coin 

— blanc, silver coin 

Argent coinptant, ready money 
Argent^, e. a of a silver colour 
Argenter, va. to silver over 
Argenterie, sf. plate 
Argeiiteux, se. a. monied 
Argentier, sm. silversmith; house 

steward; purser 
Argeiitifiqiie, 2. a. —tific, that 

which makes .silver 
Argeritin, e. a. silver coloured 

, of clear sound 

Argentine, sf. silver-weed 
Argeiiture, .5/. silver plating 
Argile, white r.lay 
Argileux, se. a. clayey 
Ar;wt, sm. dead bough; stub; 

cant, gibberish 
Arg:>ter, 7;a. to * cut the stub of 

a tree above the ci/e 
Argousin, sm.. sr.dley-sergeant 
Argue, sf. loire-dra'cinrr 
Arguer, va. to * wire-draw 
Argaer, to argue; reprove 
Argument, sm. argummt 
Argumcntant, disputant 
Arguineiitateur, arguer 
Argumentation, .*/. arguing 
Argumenter, vn. to argue 
Argus, sm. ./Irgus, spy 
Argutie, .s/. quirk, cavil 
Arianisme, sm.—nism 

Aride, 2. a. arid, barren 
Aridity, sf. — ty, barrennes 
Arien, ne. a. s. anjirian 
Aries, b6lier, sm. Aries, ram 
Ariette, sf. — ta; tune 
Ariser, va. to lower (a sea term) 
Aristarque, sm. a critic 
Aristocrate, sm. —crat; enslaver 
Aristocratie, sf. — cracy 
Aristocratique, 2. a. —tieal 
Aris!ocratiquement, ad. — call 
Aristod6mocratie, sf. — cracy 
Aristodeinocratique,2. a. artsto- 

Arithm6ticien, sm. —dan 
ArithiTK^ftique, sf — m,etic 
Arithm6tique, 2 a. — tical 
Arithmetiquement, ad. — cally 
Arlequin, sm. buffoon, merry-an 

Arlequinade, sf. buffoonery 
Armadille, little Spanish armcf 

da, a light frigate 
Arinateur, sm. privateer 
Anne, sf. arm; weapon; ar- 
mour, coat of arms 
Armes blanches, bayonets 
Anne a feu, afire-arm; gun 
Arme de trait, a bow, cross-bow 
Aririi^e, sf army; host 
Arineline, ermine 
Armement sm. armament; fit- 
ting out a ship 
Armenien, ne. a. s. Armenian 
Arin6nienne, sf. a. bluish stone 
Ariner, va. to arm; to fit; * bend; 

S'arnier, vr. to arm one's self; 

fortify; defend 
Armet, sm. helmet; head 
Armillaire, 2. (sphere) hollow 

Armilles, sf. pi. mouldings of a 

doric column 
Arminianisme, sm. —nism 
Arininien, ne. a. s. —nian 
Armistice, sm. —tice; truce 
Armoire, sf. cupboard; presa 
Armoiries, pi. coat of arms 
Armoise, mmrwort; mnthwort 
Armoisin, sm. sort of taffeta 
Armorial, book of armory 
Armorier, va. to paint coats of 

Armorique, 2. a. maritime 





Arino'.isto, SH. arm)ri^t; herald; 

Arinure, sf. armour 

.\rimin(ir,s m armorer; gunsrnith 

Aromates,sm./7Z. arom.atics; per- 

Aromatiqtie, 2. o. aromatic 

Aromatisatioii, sf.—tion 

Arosnali^er, va. to perfume 

Aroniatite, s/. a precious stoney 
like myrrh 

Aipailleur, sm. gold finder 

Aipent, French acre 

Arpentage, I'lnl-surveij 

Arpeiiter, va. to survey land; run 

Arpeiueur, sm. surveyor 

Arque, e. a. arched; bent 

Arqiiebusade, sf. — sadc 

Arquebuse, arquebuse 

Arquebuser, vn. to * shoot 

Arquebuserie, sf. trade of a gun- 
smith [smith 

Arqiiebiisier, sm. —sier; gun- 

Arqiier, vn. to * bend 

Arrachement, sm. pulling out 

Arracher, va. to pull, to * draw, 
* pick, * pluck out, or up 

Arracheur de dents, sm. tooth- 
drawer; dentist 

— de cors, a corn-cutter 
Arraisoiirier, v. to arguethecase 
Arranweiiient, sm. scheme; dis- 

posal; contrivance 
Arranger, va. to * set ?n order 
Arras, .9;H a sort nf large parrot 
Arrasement, levelling 
Anaser, va. to level 
Arrentemont, sm. renting out 
Arrenter, va. to * let out; rent 
Arreragcs, sm. arrrars 
Arreragcr, wrt. to * be in arrears 
ArrCt, sin. decree; arrest; dis' 

training; rest; stay; set; stop 
Arrfite, rcsnlution 

— de coniple, a settled account 
ArrMor, * stop; balance; 

dct-^nninc; arrest 
S'arrfeter, vr. to * stop; * stay; * 

be at a stand; tarry; * forbear 
Arrfttiste, sm compiler of decrees 
Arrhe, sf. earnest, pledge, money 

Arrhement, sm. the bailing, or 

giving security 
An her, va. to * give earnest 

Arriere, ad. away 

Arriiire de, pr. far from 

Arriere, sm. stern, abaft 

Arriere-ban, arrierban 

A rrie re-boutique, sf. back-shop 

Arriere-cliange, sm. interest up- 
on interest 

Arriere-cour, sf. back-yard 

Arriere-faix, sm. after birth 

Arriere-fermicr, under-tenant 

Arriere-fief, mesne-fee 

Arriere-garde, sf. the rear of an 

Arriere-main, sm. back of the 
hand; back-stroke 

Aniere-neveu, 5ore of a grand- 
child, or mp'iew 

Arriere petite fille, sf. a great- 
grand -daughter 

Arriere petit fils, sm. great- 


Arriere-saison, sf. latter end of 
autumn; old age 

Arriere-vassal, sm. under-tenant 

Arrier6, e. a. in arrears 

Arrit^rer, va. to * throw behind 

S'arrierer, vr. to * be in arrears 

Arrimage, sm. stowage 

Arrimer, va. to stoio 

Arriineur, sm. stoiccr 

Arriser, va. to lower {the sails of 
a ship) 

Arrivage, sm. arrival of goods 

Arrivee, sf. arrival; coming 

Arriver, vn. to arrive; * come; 

* come to pass, happen, befall, 

* fall out, chance 
Arrogamment, ad. proudly, 

Arroaance, sf. arrogance; pride 
Arrogant, e. a. arrogant,haugh 

S'arroscr, vn. arrogate, claim 
Arrondir, vr. to * make round 

* give a good turn 
S'arrondir, vr. to * grow round 
Arrondissement, sm. rounding 
Arrosage, watering 
Arrosement, watering, soaking 
Arroser, vr. to water; baste 
Arrosoir, sm. watering-pot 
.\rsenal, arsenal 

Arsenic, arsenic, orpine 

Arsenical, e. a. —cat 

Art, sm. art, skill, ability. — D 

n'y a point d'art chez lui, ht 

is a most candid man 
Artere, sf. artery 
Art6riel, le. a. arterial 
Arterieux, se. arteriuus 
Arteriole, sf. small artenj 
Arteriologie, sf. —logy 
Arteritomie, —tomy 
Artbritique, 2. a. —tic 
Artichant, sm. artichoke 
Article, article; joint matter 
Articulaire, 2. a. —lar 
Articulation, sf. —tion 
Articuler, va. to articulate 
Artifice, sm. skill; craft; artifice 
Artificiel, le. a. artificial, artful^ 

Artificiellement, ad. —daily; hj) 

Artificier, sm. fire-worker 
Artificieusement, ad. craftily 
Artificieux, se. a. cunning 
Artillerie, sf. artillery; ordnancA 
Artilleur, sm. artilleryman 
Artimon, mizen-mast 
Artisan, e. s.artificcr; tradesman 
Artison, sm. wood-louse 
Artisonne, e. a. worm-eaten 
Artiste, sm. artist; artificer 
Artistement, ad. artfully 
Aruspice, diviner, soothsayer 
As, sm ace 
Asbeste, asbestos, a stone whiek 

fire cannot consume 
A savoir, ad. to wit 
Ascarides, sm. pi. —des 
Ascendant, sm. — dant; influenet 
Ascendant, e. a. ascending 
Ascension, sf. ascension 
Ascensionel, le. a. — nal 
Ascete, s. ascetic; anchoret 
Asc6tiqne, 2. a. ascetic 
Asciens, sm. pi. ascii 
Ascite, sf. ascites; dropsy 
Ascitiqne, 2. a. —tic 
Ascyron, sm. St. John's wort \ 

Asiatique, 2. a. s. Asiatic; looM 
Asine, (bete) he or she ass 
Aspect, sm. aspect; look; vision 
Asperge, sf. asparagus 
Asperger, va. to besprinkle 
Aspers<'?,sm.holy water;sprinkl» I 
Asp6ril6, sf. roughness ' 





Aspersion, besprinkling 
Aspecsoir, sm. Iioly water stick 
Asphodile, sm. day-lily 
Aspic, sin- asp, slanderer 
Aspic, aspic, slanderer 
Aspiiani, e. a. s. candidate 
Aspiianie, sf. probationer 
Aspiration, sf. — tion; pious eja- 
Aspirer, v. to aspire; * draw 

breath; aspirate; attract 
Aspre, sm. Turkish coin (.about 

one penny) 
Assabier, choke up with sand 
S' — , vr. to run * aground 
Assa.i\\a.ntysm. assailant;aggres- 

Assaillir, va. to assault., attack 
Assaisonnement, sm. seasoning 
Assaisonner, va. to season 
Assaisonneur, sm. seasoner 
Assaki,5/. the favourite sultaness 
Assassin, sm. assassin, villain 
Assassinant, e. a. very tedious 
Assassinat, sm. assassination, 

AssEissiner, va. to murder, kill; 

plague, vex, tire 
Assaut, sm. assault, storm, onset 
A9s6cher, va. to dry up 
Assecur, sm. a collector 
Assemblage, assemblage, join- 
ing; union; heap 
Assembl6e, sf. assembly; meet- 
ing, ball, rendezvous; call 
Assenibler,ua. to assemble;* meet 
Ass6ner, to *' hit the mark 
Assentinient, sm. assent 
Asseoir, va. to * set; * lay; as 
sess; pitch; fiz 

S' , vr. to * sit down 

Assermenter, va. to * swear one 

to confirm by oath 
Asserteur, sm. assertor; rescuer 
Assertion, sf. assertion 
Assertiveinent, ad. affirmatively 
Asservir, va. to subject; enslave 
Assessorial, e. a. belonging to an 

Assez, ad. enough 
Assidii, e. a. assiduous, constant 
Aaaidmt^,sf. assiduity, diligence 
Assidument, ad. assiduously 

Assiegeant, e. a. besieging 

Assieger, va to besicga; * ije.ict 

Assieges, sm. pi. the besieged 

Assiente,^/. sZaoe tradeiAssicnto 

Assientiste, sm. one who has a 
share in theJissiento company 

Assieite, sf. plate; situation; as- 
sessment; fund; temper; trim 

Assiett6e, plateful 

Assignat, sm. mortgage; French 

Assignation, sf. assignment; 
summons, subpoena 

Assigner, ?ja. to assign; to sum- 

Assimilation,s/. — tion,a making 
like; resemblance 

Assimiler, va. to assimilate, 
* make like 

Assimil6, e. a. compared 

Assise, sf. lay of stones 

Assises, sf. pi. assizes 

Assistant, e. a. s. an assistant; 

Assistante, sf. a nun that assists 
the abbess 

Assistance, — ce; audience 

Assistans, sm. pi. assembly 

Assister, va to assist; to * be 
present; to help 

Association, sf. —tion; partner- 

Associe, e. s. partner 

Associer, va. to associate, admit 

Assommer,to knock down; maul; 

Assommoir, sm. load-stone in a 

Assomption, sf. assumption 

Assonance, rhyme 

Assonant, e. a. assonant; chim- 

Assortunent, sm. sortment; suit; 

Assortir, va. to * stop; match; 

Assort issant, e. a. matching 

Assot6, e. a. doating; fond of 

Assoiipir, va. to * make drowsy; 
to suppress 

S'— , vr. to * grow dull, or sleepy 

Assonpissant, e. a. somniferous 

Assoupissemeut, sm. heaviiicss, 

Assouplir, va, to supple a horse 

Asrfourdir, to deafen 
Assouvir, to gl:d; satisfij 
AsaOuvi.ssfMicnt, sm. gLuting 
Assujf.'ttir, va to subdue; * ovtir- 

come; submit 
S' — , vr. to subject, tie onc''s self 
Assujeltissant, e. a. slavish 
Assujettissenient, sm. subjection 
Assurance, sf. —ce, safety: conr 

fidence; tragi; boldness 
Assure, sm. proprietor of an in- 
sured ship 
Assure, e. a. sure; confident 
Assur6inent, ad. assuredly 
Assurer, va. assure; insure; en- 
Assurance, sf. insurance 
Assureur, sm. insurer 
Asterisnie, asterism 
Asterisque, asterisk (*) 
Asthniatiaue, 2. a asthmatic 
Asthme, *;«. asthma 
Astrag-dle,astragal,sham liquor^ 

Astral, e. astral, starry 
Astre, sm. star 

Astreindre, va. to confine, to tie 
up, * bind 

S' , vr. to stick to 

Astringent, e. a. astringent, cos- 
Astrolabe, sm. cross staff 
Astrologie, sf. —logy 
Astrologique, 2. a. — gical 
Astrologiquement, ad. — calty 
Astrologue, sm. astrologer 
Aslronorne, astronomer 
troiogie est cliimerique, maia 
Tastrononiie est ceriaine; as- 
trology is imaginary, but aS' 
tronomy is certain 
Aslronomique, 2. a. —mical 
Astronomiquemont, ad. —cally 
Astuce, sf. wile, craft 
Asyie, sm. asylum; shelter 
Atermoyement, delay 
Atormoyer, va. to * put off, delay 
Athee,2. a. s. atheist, atheistical 
Ath6istne, sm. atheism 
Ath6nienne, sf. glass bowl to 

keep curious fish 
Athlete, sm. nthlet, champion 
Athl^tique, 2. athletic 
Atinter, va. to * tricky * set out 





At]ant\que,'i.a.jJtlantic, western 
AUas^sm. Jit las ;ti\s(t Indian satin 
Atmospliere, sf. atmosphere 
Atonie, sm. atom 
Atomiste, atomist 
Atonie, sf. atony; faintness 
Atourner, va. to attire^ dress 
Atours, am. pi. tcoman's attire 
Atout, sm. trump 
Alrabilaire, 2. a. — larious 
Atrabile, sf. black-choler 
Atre, sm. heartk 
Atroce, 2. a. heinoxis, grievous, 

Atrocite, sf. heinousness 
S'attabler, vr. to * sit down at 

Attachant, e. a. eng-aging; en- 
Attache, sf. a tic; string; eager- 
Altachement, sm. affection; tie; 

Attacher, va to tie; fasten; ap- 
ply; endear; nllure; attach 
S' — , cr. to apply one's self: to 

* stick to 
Altaqiiable, 2. a. that may be at- 
Attaquant, e. a. s aggres.^or 
Atta«iiie,,</. atta-k: insult; ft 
Attaquer, va. to attack; * fall 

upon; insult 
Atteindre, va. to reach; attain 
Atteint, e. a. arraigned; ajjlictt i; 

hit with or hy; charged with 
Atteiiite, sf. blow; f—"*; fit 
Attelage, sm. set oj harne s, or 

Attcler, va. to * put to, ot into 
Attelior, sm. icork.-.hop 
Atteloir, sf. a peg, or pin 
Attenaiit, ad. next to; near 
Attenant, e. a. contiguous 
Attendarit, e. a. that waits 
Attendre, va. to wait; expect; 

* st'iy; * put off 
S' — , vr. to rely upon; to expect 
Attendrir, va. to soften; affect 
8' — , to * grow U ' * be af- 
Attendrissant, e. a. moving 
Attendrissement, sm. resenting; 

Attendu, } fcr^ *-» •ceottnt of 

Attendu que, e. seeing that 
Attentat, sm. outrage, attempt 
Attealatoire, 2. a. illegal 
Attente, sf. expectation, hope 
Atienter, vn. to attempt 
Atleiitif, ve. a. attentive, intent 
Attention, sf. attention; care 
Aitentivemem, ad. —rely 
An6nuant, e. i. weakening 
Attenualif, w a. attenuating 
Attenuation, > f. —tion 
Atienuer, va \o attenuate 
A tie rage, sn . ianding-place 
Atterrer, va io * throw down; 

Atterissemi lit, »m. land increas- 
ed by sei -siitne 
Attestaiio' I, sf —tion; certificate 

sou/ serm-'nt, affidavit 

Attcster va. attest; aver; call 
Alticisii e, sm. ticism 
Attiedi', va. to cool 
Attied'sseniera sm. coolness 
Attife , va. ti * trick up 
Attit't, sm. tfin'itts 
Attijuo, 2. a attic 
At'iqucmeiv afti r the manner of 

he .,'jthenians 
.•*ltirail, sii. bi^gage; train; 

equipage dress 
Attirant, e i. attri.'ctive 
Attirer, v\ to attratt; * draw 
S'altirer, 4r. to * cret into; to 

* win 
Attiser If feu, va. it stir the fire; 

tu inflytmc 
Atliseur, so. s. one xJio stirs the 

Attiser. ia. to suborn 
Altitre' va. to appoint; to com- 
Altitude, sf. attitude, fiosture 
Attou '-heinent, «m. toixh; feel- 
Attoucher, vn. to * be -elated 
Attoumance, «/. attummcnt 
Attournement, sm. attimment 
Altr Ktif, ve. a. atlract.'ve 
Attv action, .<f/. attractim 
Attractionnaire, 2. a. —nary 
Attractrice, a. attractite 
Attraire, va. to entice, allure 
Attrait, sm. allurement, bait 
AttiJiits, pi. charms, bet uty 
Attrape, sf. gin, snare I 

— mouche, sm. gnat-snapper 
Attraper, va. to * caUh; * kit; 
* gft; cheat; reach; * over- 
take; surprise 
Attrapfcur, se. s. catcher; suv 

priser; cheat 
Attiapoir, sf. trap; wile 
Attraj'ant, e. a. attractive 
Attreniper, va. to temper; dilutt 
Attribuer, to attribute; aterib*; 

Attribute, sm. attribute 
Attributif, ve. a. attributing 
Attribution, sf. allowance, pri- 
Attristant, e. a. sad, grievous 
Attrister, va. to grieve; afflict 
Attrition, */. attrition 
\ttro«j)ement, sm. tumult; riot 
Attrouper, va. to * get together 
S'— , vr. to flock in crowds 
Au, art. m. to the; in; with; for; 

'avacliir, vr. to flag 
Avage, sm. hangman's fees 
Aval, surety for payment 
Aval, ad. downwards; down th* 

Avalage, sm. letting down 
Avalaison, sf. flood, t&rrent 
Avalanges, a/, pi. fall of snots 

from the mountains 
Avalant, sm. ebbing, going down 

a liver 
Avaler, va. to swnllow;*let down 
Avaler, vn. to * go down the ri- 
ver; to hew off' 
S'avaler, vr. to * go down; to 

* hang down too much 
Avaleur, se. s. greedy-gut 
Avaleur de couleuvres, toad 

eater; mean parasite 
Avaloire, sf. large throat 
Quelle avaloire ! what a guzzler ! 
Avance, sf. advance; step; out- 
Avanceinent, sm. preferment; 
advancement; progress; for- 
Avancer, va. to advance; * sei 
forth; forward; hasten; * go 
too fast; avail; jut out 
S'avancer, vr. to move; * eofn§ 
or * go forward; * get prefer- 





Avame, sf. oppression; insult 
Avant, sm. prow 
Avaiit,;>r. before; forward; deep 
AvaiUay;e, sin. advantage, en- 
dowment; privilege; honour, 
victory; odds; break-head 
Avautuger,ua. to bestow; gratify 
AvaiitageusemeiU, ad. profita- 
bly; favourably 
Avantageux, se.a.advantageoits. 
— Uiio taille avantageuse, a 
fine shape 
Avaiil-buc, sm.jutiing-stones of 

a bridge 
Avaat-corps, fore-part 
Avam-cour, sf. fore-court 
Avant-coureur, sm. forerunner; 

AvaiU-couriere, sf. harbinger 
Avaat-fosse, sm. fore-ditch 
Avant-garde, sf. vanguard 
Avant-gout, sm. foretaste 
Av&nl-hi(iT, before yester- 
Avant-Iogis, sm. fore-house 
Avaiit-irmr, outward wall 
Avant-veille, sf. fore vigil 
AvaiU-jfmr, time bifore sunrise 
Avant-main, forehand stroke; 

forepart of a horse 
Avant-miili, time before noon 
A.varit-propos, preamble 
Avant-toit, house-cace 
Avant-train, forc-whcels 
Avare, 2. a. covetous, sordid 
Avare, s. a miser 
Avaremeiit, ad. covetously 
Avarice, sf. conrtousness 
Avaricieiix, se. a. avaricious 
Avarie, e. a. averaged, damaged 
Avarie, sf. average, damage 
A varies, ;;/. average, loss 
Avasfe, stop {sea-term) 
A-vaii-1'eau, ad. down the river 
Aiibade, sf. aubadc; reprimand 
Anbaiti, sm. alien 
Auhainage, escheatage 
Aubaine, sf. wind-fall; escheat 
Aiibe, sf. day-break 
Aubepiiie, hawthorn 
Auhorge, inn; albcrgc 
AubiTgiste, sm. innkeeper 
Aiibicr, sm. hasletree; sap 
Aubifoiri, cornflower 
Aubin, lohtte of an egg 

Aucun, e. a. no; none; some 
Aucuneraent, ad. not at all 
Audace, sf. boldness; audacity 
— , a stay (for a hat) 
Audacieuseinent, ad. boldly 
Audacieux, se. a. audacious 
Au-deca, pr. on this side 
Au-dela, beyond 

Audience, sf. audience; hearing 
Audiencier, sm. crier of a court 
Auditeiir, — tor; disciple; judge 
Audilif, ve. a. auditory 
Audition, sf. audit; hearing 
Auditoire, sm. sessions house; 

Avec, pr. with; withal; for; 

against; by; in 
Avoindre, va. * take, fetch out 
Aveiine, sf. filbert 
A velinier, sm. filbert-tree 
Avenage, avenage; kind of 

Avenant, e.a.becoming; suitable 
Avenement, sm. accession; com- 
Avenir, vn. to happen; chance 
Avenir, sm. summons; future 
A I'avenir, ad. henceforth 
Avent, sm. advent 
AventLire, sf. adventure; event; 

fortune; love 
Aventurer, va. to venture 
Aveiitureux, se. a. venturesome 
AvenUirier, e. a. s. adventurer 
Avenue, sf. avenue; walk 
Averer, va. to prove; aver 
Averne, sm. hell (in poetry) 
Averse, sf. heavy shower 
Aversion, sf. aversion; hatred 
Avertin, sm. crazijirss 
Avertineux, se. a- frantic 
Avertir, va- to warn; inform 
Avertissenieat, sm. advertise- 
ment; warning; caution 
Aveu, confession; consent 
Aveugle, a. s. blind 
Aveiigie-n6, e. stone-blind 
Aveuslenient, sm. blindness 
AveugI6inent, ad. blindly 
Aveugler, va. to blind; dazzle 
— to erect a battery against 
Aveuglette a raveuglette, ad. 

groping, rashly 
Auge, sf. trough; tray 
Aug6e, atrayfull 

AugetjS/n. drawer of a birdcage^ 

spout of a mill hopper 
Angmenl, jointure; augment 
Augmentatif, ve. a. — tative 
Augmentation, sf. —tion 
Augmenter, va. to augment, in- 
crease; enlarge 
Augural, e. a. of an augur, au- 

Augure, sm. augury; augur; 

Augurer, va, to augur ate 
Auguste, 2. a. august; royal 
Augustement, ad. majestically 
Auguslin, sm. .Bustin friar 
Augustine, sf. Austin nun 
Avide, 2. a. greedy; eager 
Avidement, ad. eagerly 
Av\d\te, s/.eagerness ; greediness 
Avilir, va- to disgrace, abate 
Aviiissement, sm. abasement 
Aviner, va. season with wine 
Aujourd'hui, ad. to-day; now 
Aviron, sm. oar 

Avironner, va. to draw with oars 
Avis, S7n. advice; opinion; in- 
telligence; motion; project 
Avis6, e. a. prudent; crafty 
Aviser, vn. to consider; spy; 
descry; warn; look to; * thiufa 
of; resolve 
3' aviser, vr. to* bethink one's self 
Avitailloment, sm. victualling 
Avitailler, va. to victual 
Avitailleur, sm. victualler; agent 
Aviver, tjrt. to brisk up; polish: 
Avivcs, swelling [hew 
Aulique, 2. a. aulic act 
Aumailles, sf. pi. black cattle 
Aumone, sf. aims, charity 
Auni6n6e, giving of bread to the 

poor after funeral obset/uits 
Aumftner, va. to bestow alms 
Aumonerie, sf. almoner's digni- 
ty; almonry 
Aunionier, e. a. charitable 
Aumonier, sm. chiplain 
Auinuce, sf. aumttss 
Aunage, sm. measuring by ells 
Anne, sf. an ell 
Aune, sm. alder 
Auner, va. to measure by the c.U; 

to beat ^ 

Auneur, sm. alnagcr J;cr 

Avocasser, vn. to* be apetttfog- 





Avocasscrie, sf. pettifogsriner 
Avocat, sm. lawyer, advocate 
Avocat plaidant, barrister 

— consultant, chamber counsel 
AvDcate, sf. advocate, mediatrix 
Avoine, Aveinc, oats 
Avoiiies, pi. standing oats 
Avoir, va. to * have, * have got; 

to be 

— faim, to * be hungry 

— soif, to * be thir.-ity 

— chaud, to * be warm or hot 

— froid, to * be cold 
A%-oir b ?au— , in vain 
Av(jir, s/n. substance 
Avoisinor, va. to border on 
Avorteinenl. sm. miscarriage 
Avortor, vn. to miscarry; abort 
Avorton, sm. abortive child; 

Avou6, avowee; protector 
Avou^, aroyer; avoyce 
Avouer, ca. toown; avow 
Avouerie, sf. advowson 
Auparavant, ad. before 
Auprp?, pr. near: about; by; to 
Aupres, a I. hard by; close by 
Aur6o!o, sf- glory; crown 
Auriculaire, 2. a. — lar 
Ftinioin, — , car witness 
Aurifiqae, 2. a. that converts in- 
to gold 
Anrillas, cheval aurilias, long- 

eare I horse 
Avril, sm. ..Iprl; prime 
Aiuone, sf. wild icnrmwood 
Aiirore, dawn; aurora; yellow; 

the ra-^t; a fair nirgin 
Aurorn !Vtr6a!e, aurora horealis 
Auspice, sm. auspice, 

Aussi, r. nho, sn,too fiH,trulu,as 
A;i9si^ii!^n,/('r.- ns wHl 
Aussi-peu, 1.* little [.foon 

A'i?ji-l''>!, ad. immediat?lij; as 
A;is?i-lot-<V'<-N '^- "* *"'"• i* 
A 'IS* ('re, 2. a. anvtere, rigid 
Aiisiirt'-nenf, ad. sevrrehj 
Aiist6rit6, "f. aimt^rity, rigour 
Austral, e. a. soulhrrn, aiistralis 
Autan, sm. south wind 
Aatant, a1. as riurh,so much; as 

mnrh, as many 
Autant que. e. as much as; as 
far as; as — so 

Autel, aZtar; religion {in poetry) 
Auteur, sm. author; maker; 

writer; owner; inventor 
Authenticite, sf. — city 
Autlientique, 2. a. authentic 
Authentique, sf. authentic; Ro- 
man laws 
Aulheuliquement, ad. —colly 
Authentiquer, va. to prove 
Autocephale, sm. —lus. i. e. his 

own ruler, or juaster 
Autocratic, sf. despotic govern- 
Autocthones, pi. ahorigines 
Auto-da-fe, sm. auto'de-fe 
Autographe, sf. S- m. autogra- 
phy, original writing 
Automate, sm. automaton; a 

Automnal, e. a. autumnal 
Autonine, 5/. autumn 
Autonoinie, autonomy; liberty 
Autopsie, autopsy; meditation 
Autorisation, impoweriurr 
AutorisorjUi. to impoircr; justify 
S' — , pr. to * get r.ri dit 
Autorite, sf. authority; power 
Autour, pr. about, round 
Autour, sm. ffoss-hawk 
Autre, pr. ot.'ier, ajinthT [fore 
Autrefois, a'l. formerly, hercto- 
Autrefoi?, sf. another time 
Autrement, ad. otherwise; also 
Autrepart, elsewhere 
Autruche, sf. ostrich 
Autrui, sm. others, other people 
A u vent, pent-house; fence 
An vernal, a sort of red heady 

Aux. art. pi to the 
Auxi iaire, 2. n. ai'Tiliary 
Ax"^, N-JTi. azis, ail-tree 
^xil!aire.,2. a. ariUry 
\\iiiomancf?, sf. —nin-y 
Axioms, sm axiom, mixim 
Ay, aye, int, ay! o'l! ah! 
Ayeul, sm. granilfat'irr 
Ayeule, sf rtraxdmnt'irr 
Ayeux, am. pi. forefathers 
Aze, sm. an ass 
A/.imut, azimuth 
Aziinutal, e. a. niimiUhal 
Azur, sm. lapis tazuli, azure 
.\7.UT, sky-colour 
Azure, e. a. skycolourei 

Azj'me, 2. a. unleavened 
Azynies, sm. azymes 
Azynnle,j5. aiymite 


B— inol, sm. B-Jlat 
B-quarre, B-sharp 
Babel, (tour de,) sf. confusei 

place or affair 
Babeurre, sm. butter-milk whe\ 
Baliiclie, sf. lap-dog 
Babichon, 5/71. lap-dog 
Bauil, chat, talkativeness 
Bahillard e. a.chatterer,prnttlci 
Bahiller, ra. to chat, prattle 
Bahine, 5/. lip of beasts 
Babiole, bauble, toy 
Babord, sm. larboard 
Babouche, sf. .Asiatic slippers 
B;ihouin, sm. baboon; simplfton 
Babjuiner, v. play the rogue 
Bac, sm. ferry-boat 
Cacaiiau, stock-fish 
Baccalaureat, buclielorship 
Bacchanale, sf. tumultu-ms de- 
bauch; Bacchanal 
tiacchaiiales, Bacchus' s feast 
Bacclianaliser, vn. to bacchana- 

li.^e; to revel 
Bacchante, sf. termagant; bic- 

BacJia, sm. a hashnw 
Ba-rhelelte, sf. da">sd 
na;:lio!i'^r, sm. bachelor of arls_ 

a kni'/ht 
Ra -liique, 2. a. dru^ikcn, merry 
T5achot, sm. wherry 
Bachot as I'wcAffrry/'nn '5'' K-vHf 5, 
Rar.lioteur, wherrymu'i 
Bai l.'^r, va. to * make fi^i; C'in- 

Baculor, lo Ihr.i.^h, cudgel 
Baculo-.niiirie, sf. —melnj 
Had iiid, e. .f. booby: cochnnj 
N. n. Badaiid at Pari* an s re t.^ 

t> the worrf Cockney in I^mhn 
n uiaidawc, silliness 
P.aduiiler, vn to irape about 
Rp.daiiderie, sf. silly 'jchnriour 
Badi!!iH)n, sm. plaster of Paris 
Baiizeonner, va. to plaster with 

pfnster of Paris 
Badin, e. a. a. playful, wanton 


Badinage, sin. sport, play 
Badiuaat, ahorse of reserve 
Badiiuniuii!, ad. wantonly 
Badiiie, sf. light walking switch 
Badiiu,'!', va. to jest, play 
Badiiicrio, sf.jest; silly trijle 
Badiiies,;;^ small tongs 
bai'etas, sin. a sort of cotton 
Balbuer, va. to ridicule; abuse 
Bafie, .«jf. guttling 
Balier, vn to guttle 
Bafieur, so «. guttler 
Bagage, sin. baggage, liiggngc 
Bagarre, sf. brawl, strife, 0/^1 ay 
Bagatelle, trifle, toy 
Bagatelle, int. stuff! air ay! 

— Vive la bagatelle, away with 

sorrow and care 
Gagaiellier, sm. trifirr 
Bagateilisie, toyman 
Bagne, sni. the place where the 

Turks confine their slaves 
Bagiiolet, sw. Bugnolette, sf. a 

kind of woman'' s head-dress 
Bague, sf. ring 
Bague sauves, clear, safe 
Baguenaude, bladder-nut 
Bagutnauder, vu. to trifle 
Bagueiiaudier, sm. trifler 
Baguer, va. to baste; to * give 

rings and jewels to one's bride 
Baguette, sf. wand; rod; stick 
Baguettes, pi. gantck'pe 
Baguier, sm. ring-case 
Bahut, trunk 
Bahutier, trunk-makrr 
Bai, e. a. bay-colo^acd 
Bai-brun, broirn-bay 
Bai-chalain, of a chesnut colour 
Bai-c!air, bright bay 
Bai-dore, yellow dun 
Bai-mirouette, bright dappled 

Bale, sf. bayberry; flam; gap 
Bale, bay-gulf 
Baigner, va- to bathe; soak; to 

Baigiieur, se. s. bather; bagnio- 
Baigiioir, sm. bathing-place 
Baignoire, sf. bathing- tub 
Bail, sm. lease 
Baile, the Venetian ambassador, 

at Constantinople; a judge, in 



Bailie, .<;/. large sea-tub 
Bailleiuent, sm. yawning 
Biiiller, vn. to gape, yawn 
Bailler, va. to * give, reach, de- 
—a fernie, to lease; * let otit 
Bill lieu r, se. s. yawner 
Bailleur, sm. leaser 
Bailleresse, sf. leaser 
liailli, bailiff; judge; seneschal 
Bailliage, bailiwick 
Baillive, sf. bailiff's wife 
Baillon, sm. gag 
Baillonner, va. to gag 
Bain, sm. bath, bagnio 
Bain-marie, balneum viarim 
Bajoue, .</. hog'scheik 
Bairam, sm. a solemn Turkish 

Baiseniains, sf. pi. cumpUnents, 

Baisement, sm. kissing 
Baiser, sm. kiss, buss 
Baiseur, se. a kisser 
BaLsotier, va. to kiss often 
Baisse, sf. drminution in value 
Baisser, v. to * let down; bow; 
sloop; lower; * strike; de- 
crease; * fall; * sink 
Baissiere, sf. tilt; sediment 
Baisure, kissing crust 
Bai, sm. a ball, dance 
Baladc, sf. a ballad 
Baladine, e. s. dancer at shows; 

buffoon; fop 
Balafre, .9/. gash; slash; rent 
Balafrer, va. to slash; gash 
Balai, sm. broom; besom 
Balais (rubis) a fine ruby; a very 

red pimple 
Balance, sf. balance; libra; scale 
Balanc<^, sm. a balance {in danc- 
Balancement, balancing 
Balancer, va. to balance, poise, 

Se , * swing; hover 

Balancier, am. balance-maker; 

balance of a watch; fly of a 

jack; beam of the scales 

Balancine8, sf. pi. lifts 

Balancoir, S7n. see-saw 

Baiandran ct Balandras, old 

fashioned great coat; ill * 

made garment; clumsy^fdlow 



Balayer, va. to * sweep 
Balayer, to kill, or * drive out, 

or from a post {in war) 
Balayeur, se. s. sweeper; a 

broom man, or woman 
Balayures, 5/. pi. sweepings; 

ichat the sea throws up 
Balbutienient, sm. stammering 
Balbutier, vn. to stammer; lisp 
Balcon, sm. balcony 
Baldaquin, canopy 
Haleine, sf. whale, whalebone 
Baleinon, sm. young whole 
Balenas, pizzle of a whale 
Baievre, sf. under lip 
Balise, buoy, or mast 
Baliser, v. to * set buoj/s, masts 
Balislaire, a r.iilitary officei 

among the Romans 
Baliste, sf. balista 
Balivage, sm. the marking of 

pollards in a forest 
Bal'weau, pollard, slander 
Baliverncr, vn. to trifle 
Balivernes,.?/. pi. ribaldry, trifles 
Ballade, sf. 'ballad, song 
Ballant, a. swinging 
Balle, sf. bullet, ball; bale 
Balleram6e, a cross-bar shot 
Bailer, vn. to dance 
Ballet, sm. interlude; ballet 
Ballon, sm. football; balloon; 

sort of boat in Siam 
Ballon aijrostatique, air balloon, 

vid. Aerostat 
Ballonnier, football-maker 
Baln^able, 2. a. belonging to th« 

Balot, sm. bale, packit 
Balotade, sf. bounding of ahorse 
Balotation, balloting 
Balole, voting-ball 
Balotcr, ballot; discuss; toss 
Balotin, sm. the boy who receives 

the voting-ball,f,c. also a small 

bale; sort of orange-tree 
Balourd, e. s. loggerhead 
Balourderie, Balourdise, sf. ab- 
Ralsamine, balsam 
Bal.saini(]ue, ?. a. balsamic 
Balustrade, sf. baluster, rails 

IBalustie, sm. rail, baluster 
BalustK^, e. a. ornamented wi'M 
balusters, or raiUt 





Baluslrer, ra. to rail in 

Balzaii, black, or bay horse 

Banibiii, sm. a babe 

Barabochade, sf. grotesque pic- 

Bamboche, shrim; puppet 

Bambou, sm. bamboo, sort of In- 
dian cane 

B^n, banns; outlawry; exile 

Banal, e. a. common 

Barialit6, sf. the rights of a ma- 

Banane, sf. banana 

Bananier, sm. banana-tree 

Banc, bank; bench; seat; pew; 
form; sand 

Banc de sable, sand-bank 

Banc du Roi, King's bench 

— common, common pleas 

Bancs, pi. public disputations 

Bancalle, sf. little bandy-legged 

Bancelle, long form 

Bancroche, sm. little bandy-leg- 
ged man 

Bandage, bandage; truss; bind- 
ing iron plates 

Bandagiste, truss-maker 

Bande, sf. band; fillet; gang; 
link: throng; side 

Bandeau, sm. fillet; veil; peak; 
wreath.— Une grosse pension 
est un grand bandeau, a large 
pension is a thick veil 

Bandelette, 5/. little fillet 

Bander, va. to * bind; stirrup; 
* bend; * stand; cock; bandy 

Se — , vr. to cover; overlook; 
unite in a league 

Bandereau, sm. string for a 

Banderolle, sf. streamer; banne- 

Bandit, sm. robber; pander 

Bandoulior, vagabond 

Bandouliere ' sf. bandoleer; 

Banlicue, precinct 

Banne, tilt for a boat; cabin 

Banner, va. to cover with a tilt 

Banieret, a. m. banneret 

Bannetoii,*m. a cauf 

Bannetto, sf. sort of basket; a 
cortain number of hides 

Banni^rtf, banner, standard 

Bannir, va. to banish 
Se — , vr. to withdraw from 
Bannissable, 2. a. banishable 
Bannissemcnt, sm. exile 
Banqiie, sf. bank 
Banqueroute, bankruptcy 
Bangueroutier, e. s. bankrupt 
Banquet, sm. a banquet, feast 
Banqueter, vn. to feast 
Banqueteur, sm.f caster 
Banquette, sf. raised way 
Banquier, sm. banker 
Bapteme, baptism 
Baptismal, e. baptismal 
Baptiste, s. baptist 
Baquet, bucket; tray: trough 
Baqueter, v. to scoop oat water 
Baquetures, sf. pi. droppings 
Bar, sm. handbarroic, barb 
Baraque, sf. barrack, hut 
Baragouin, sm. gibberish; cant 
Baragouinage, gibberish; cant 
Baragouiner, v. to * speak gib- 
Baragouineur, se. who speaks 

Barraquer, va. to make barracks 
Barratte, sf. a churn 
Barrater, vr. to chum, cheat 
Barbacane, sf. kind of fort; a 

Barbare, -2. a. s. barbarous; 

rude; barbarian 
Barbarement, ad. barbarously 
Barbarie, sf. barbarity; rudeness 
Barbarisme, sm. barbarism 
Barbe, ef beard; lappet; fiap- 

pet; waddle; barbie 
Barbe, sm. a Barbary horse 
Barbes, sf. pi. whiskers of a cat, 
iS-c. feathers of a quill, bar- 
bies, fins 
Barb6, e. a. bearded 
Barbeau, sm. a. barbel 
BarbeI6, e. a. bearded 
Barberie, sf. profession of shav- 
Barbet, sm. a spaniel, a tell-tale 
Barbette, sf. stomacher for nuns 
Barbiche, lap-dog 
Barbichon, sm. small lap-dog 
Barbier, a barber, tonsor 
Barbifier, va. to shave 
Barbillon, sm. little barbel 
Barbon, a gray-beard 

Barbon, ne. a. morose; peevish 

Barbonnage, sm. peevishness 

Barliole, sf. eel-pout 

Barboier, v. to mutter; muddle 

Barboteur, sm. a dunce 

Barbotiiie, sf. worm-seed 

Barbouillage, sm. daubing; nonr 

Barbouiller, va. to daub; perplex; 

Se — , vr. to daub one's ace; * 
lose one's character 

Barbouilleur, se. dauber; scrib- 

Barbu, e. a. bearded 

Barbue, sf. a dab, quickset, vine 

Barbuquet, sm. chap; scab 

Barcarolle, sf. a Venetian ballad 

Bardaiie, sf. burdock 

Barde. bard; slice of bacon 

Bardeau, sm. shingle 

Barder, va. to cover with a slice 
of bacon; to bard 

Bardea, sm. partition 

Bardeur, day-labourer 

Bardot, small mule; drudge; in- 
complete book 

Barge, sf. a barge; boat 

Barguianage, sm. haggling 

Barguiencr, h.iggle; waver 

Barguigneur, se. *. hngffler 

Baril, sm. barrel, runTUct 

Barillet, krg; barrel of a watth 

Bariolage, vicllry of colours 

Bariol^, e. speckled 

Barnabite, sm. bamabite 

Barnacle, sf. sea-duck 

Barocher, va. to daub 

Barometre, sm. barometer, wear 

Barom(>tri(iue, 2. a. — trical 

Baron, sm. a baron 

Baronnage, baronage 

Baronnei, a baronet 

Baronne, sf. baroness 

Baronnie, barony 

Baroque, 2. a. rough; odd 

Baroscope, sm. baroscope, baro- 

Barot, a beam 

Barotin, small beam 

Barque, sf. a bark 

Bai:;uerolle, little fishinff-boai 

Barrage, sm. passage-toll 

Barrager, toll-gatherer 






Barre, «/. a bar; spar; whip- 
staff; cross-bar; barrier 
Carres, pi. pari of a horse's ne- 
ther jaw 
Barreau, sm. bar; little bar; 

court; lawyers 
Barrer, va. to bar; * stop; * knit 

fast; erase 
Barrette, sf. bonnet, cap 
Barricade, barricadu 
Barricader, va. to barricade 
Barriere, sf. barrier; hinderance; 

gate; list 
Barrique, hogshead 
Barriquot, sm. small barrel 
BailUiVC\le,sf.large red partridge 
Barses, sf. pi. canister [in which 

tea is brought from China) 
Bas, se. a. low, shallow, base; 

mean; faint; short 
Ba3 fond, sm.Jlat, shallo 

— peuple, populace, mob 

— relief, basso relievo 
Baa, sm. a stocking, hose 
Bas, ad. down, low 

Bas, sm. bottom; foot; lower 

Basalte, sm. a kind of black mar- 
ble; a touchstone 

Basane, sf. tanned sheep's lea- 

Basan^, e. a. tawny 

Basbord, sm. the larboard 

Bascule, sf. swipe; swing gale; 

Base, basis 

Baser, va. to settle; fix, establish 

Basilic, sm. basilisk; sweet basil 

Basiiicoii, — con 

Basiiique, sf. stately church, 
court of justice 

Basiiique, 2- a. basilical 

Basin, sm. dimity 

Casoche, sf. the company oflaw- 
yrrs' clerks of the parliament 
of Paris 

Ba^ochien, sm. an officer of the 
company of lawyers' clerks 

Basque, sf. skirt of a doublet 

Basse, the bass, in music 

Basse continue, a thorough bass 

— taille, counter tenor 
cr- de viole, bass viol 
Basse-cour, poultry yard 
B.^sse-fosscj dungeon 

Basse- voile, the main or foresail 
Basses, pi. shallows, flats 
Bassement, ad. lowly, meanly 
Bassesse, sf. base action 
Basset, sm. terrier-dog of a low 

Bassette, sf. a basset, a game 
Basiers, sm. pi. flats; heap of 

Bassin, sm. basin; pan; vase; 

, a wet dock 

Bassine, sf. a pan 

Bassiner, va. to warm; bathe 

Bassinet, sm. small basinoxpan; 
nozzle; pan of a gun 

, (fleur,) butter-flower 

Bassinoire, sf. warming-pan 

Basson, sm. bassoon 

Bastant, e. a. sufficient 

Baste, ad. int. be it so 

Basie, sf. basket, sort of stuff 
made with the bark of trees 

Baste, sm. basto, ace of clubs 

Baster, va. to suffice 

Basterne, sf. a cart 

Bastide, stn.neat country seat (so 
called in Provence) 

Bastille, sf. the Bastile 

Bastille, e. a. fortified with tow- 
ers {in heraldry) 

Bastion, sm. bulwark; bastion 

Bastionn6, e. a. in the form of a 

Bastonnade, sf. bastinado 

Bastonner, va. to bastinado; 

Bat, sm. pack-saddle; tail 

Bataille, sf. a battle, fight 

Batailler, vn, to struggle hard 

Cataillon, sm. battalion 

Batard, e. a. s. bastardy wild; 
false; mongrel 

Batardeau, sm. a dam 

Batardiere, sf. nursery 

Batardise, bastardy 

Bateau, sm. boat 

Batelage, trick; fare 

Batelee, sf. fare, boatfull. — Une 
batel6e de gens, a great crowd 

Batelet., sm. little boat 

Bateleur, merry-andrew; jug- 

Batelier, waterman 

B^tewe, baptism, c^rUfcning 

Bater, va. to saddle with a pach- 

Batier, sm.maker of pack-saddles 
Batifoler, vn. to romp; to toy 
Batiment, sm. building; ship 
Batir, vn. to * build; to baste 
Batiser, to baptize, christen 
Batisse, sf. the building 
Batisscur, sm.. great builder 
Batiste, baptist 
Batiste, sf. cambric, lawn 
Batiste re, sm. church-certificate 
Baton, a stick, staff, cudgel 
Batonner, va. to cudgel; score; 

Batonnet, sm. a tipcat 
Batonnier, staffman 
Battage, thrashing 
Battant, clapper folding; beat 

Batte, sf. rammer; paving beetlt 

, beater ; sloping^ench ; 

bolster; tail of a fish 
Batte a beurre, chum-staff 
Battement, sm. beating; clap- 
ping; stamping 
Batterie, sf. battery; squabble 

— de cuisine, kitchen tackle 
Batteur, se. .s. beater, thrasher 
Batteurde pav6, sm. idle fellow 

— en grange, a thrasher 
Batteurs d'estrade, scouts 
Battoir, battledore, beetle 
Battologie, sf. tautology 
Battre, va. to * beat; strike; bat- 

Se — , vr. to * fight 

Se fairf^— , to * get one's self beat 

Battre I'estrade, to scour; scout 

— nionnoye, to coin 

— le bl6, to thrash com 

— le beurie, to chum 

— les cartes, to shuffle 

— des maims, to * clap 

— de I'aile, to flap, flutter 
Battures,.*/. pl.breakcrs; shelves 
Bavard, e. *. boaster; babbler 
Bavardcr, wTi. to boast 
Bavarderie, .y. boasting 
Bavaroise, tea sweetened with 

syrup of capillaire 
liaubi,sm.a harrier; large hound 
Baudet,a7i ass; tressel; hammock 
Baudrier, shoulder-belt 
Bave, sf. slover, drivel 




Baver, vn. to sliver, drivel 

B;ivulte, */. a bib \ 

Baveur, se. .s slabberer 

Baveuse (chair) sf. proud flesh 

Bavocher, va. to print dimly 

Bauge, sf. soil of a wild boar; 
sort of mortar; sort ofdru^^et 

Baume, sm. balm; balsam 

Baumier, balm-tree 

Bavoche, e. a. rou^h; dim; 

Bavolet, sm. head-dress 

I5avo)ette, sf. country lass 

liayor, vn. to gape 

Bayotte, sf. a kind of baize 

Bayeur, se. s a guper 

Bayoiiiiette, sf. bayonet 

B6iint, e- a. gaping; open 

B6at, e. s. sanctimonious 

Beatification sf. —tion 

Beatifier, vaUo beatify 

Beaiifique, 2. a. beatific 

B6atiiles, sf. tit-bits, giblets 

B6atitude, —tude; bliss 

Beau, bel, belle, a. fine; hand- 
some; beautiful; fair 

Beau-pere, sm. father-in-laio 

Beau-fils, son in-law 

— frere, brother-in-law 
Belle-mere, sf. mother-in-law 

— fille, daughter-in-law 

— soeur, sister-in-law 
Beau, sm. cicdlcnce, fineness 
Beaucoup, ad. much, many 
Beau-pr6, sm. bowsprit 
Beaut6, sf. beauty; fineness 
Bcc, sm. beak; bill; nib; snout 
Bee d'aiguiere, gullet 
Bec-de-corbin, pincers; halberd; 

cane with a curved head 

— de lainpe, socket 

— d« lerre, point 

— de plume, nib 

— de cicogne, ou bee de grue, 
geranium ;slorkbillfiX crane's- 

Bee de lievre, hare lip 
B6carre, a b sharp in music 
B6casse, sf. 7coodcork 
Becassc de iner, sea-pie 
Bticasseau,j?m.o young woodcock 
B6cassine, sf. a snipe 
Becfigue, sm beccafigo 
Beche, sf. a spade 
B^Ch6c, OH becqu6e, bill-full 

Becher, va. to dig 
B-Jchique, 2. a. pectoral, stoma- 
Bec<ia6e, sf. billful 
Becqueier, va. to * perk 
Btdaine, sf. paunch, g.ts 
Bedeau, sm. bccdle, vergtr 
Bedou, sm. fat man; tubret 
Beer, ca. to gape; hanker 
Beffroi, sm. belfry; nlanu-bell 
Begayemeiit, ita.umering 
Begayer, c. to stammer, * lisp 
Begue, 2. as. stammerer 
Begueule, sf. a silly conceited 

Beguin, sm. biggin, cap 
Beguinage, nunnery 
B6guine, sf. stale maid; nun 
Bejaune,s/«. young bird; a booby 
Beignet, a fritter 
Beiram, one of the Turkishlents 
Bel, a. fine, handsome, vid. Beau 
Belandre, sf. bilander, a small 

coasting vessel 
Bwlant, e. a. bleating 
Beleraent, sm. bleating 
Bfeler, vn. to bleat 
Belette, sf. weasel 
Belier, ram; Aries; battering- 
Belinge, sf. sort of linsey-wolsey 
Belilre, sm. a scoundrel 
Belitrerie, sf. roguishnrss 
Belle, sf. a handsome woman 
Bclle-de-nuit, night-shade 
Belle-fille, sf. daughter-in-law 
Belle-sceur, sister-in-law 
Bellement, ad. softly 
Be!!ig6rant, e. a at war 
Belliqueux, se. martial, wa^ihe 
Bellot, te. pretty 
Belouse. sf. billiard, hazard 
Belouser, va. to hazard 
Se — , vr. to * mistake 
Belv6der, sm. a turret; terrace 
B6mol, ab flat in music 
B6iaoli36, e. a. marked with a 

B6nt^dicit6, am. grace before 

Bt-ri6dicte, an clrctuiry 
Benediction, sf. a blessing 
Benefice, sm. benefit, living 

— simple, sinecure [""£" 

— a charge d'ames aparish lie 

BeneficfTice, .if. bounty 
BcMclicial, e. a. belonging to o 

BeiiLticior, sm. incumbent 
Beiiet, a. s. silly; a ninny 
Benevolo, 2. a. kind, friendly 
Benigneuient, ad. kindly 
B6iiignite, sf. — ty, goodness 
Benin, ?/«. Benigne, /. a. benign 
Benjamin, s.n. a darling child 
Bf'njoin, sm. benjamin ia gum 
Benir, va. tu bltss, preserve 
Benit, c. Belli, o. a. blessed, 

praised; holy 
Benitier, sm. holywater pot 
Bequeier va. to * peck 
Bequillard, sm. one that jcalks 

wiUi a crutch; old dotard 
Bequille, sf. a crutch 
Bequiller, vn. to walk with 

Bercail, sm. sheep-fold; pale 
Berceau, cradle; bower; vault; 

Bercor, va. to rock, amuse 
Se — , vr. to flitter one's self 
Bergame, sf. sort of hangings 
Bergamole, bergamot pear; es- 
sence, perfume, a sort of scent- 
ed snuflf 
Berge, high beach, barge 
Berger, sm shepherd 
Bergere, sf. shepherdess 
— , sort of woman's cap, sort of 

easy elbow chair 
Bergerie, sheep-fold, flock 
Bergeries, pi pastorals 
Bergeronnettu, sf. wagtail; coun- 
try lass 
Borgerol, sm. I'ttle shepherd 
Berichnt, hedge-sparrow 
Beril, beryl 

Berle, sf. water parsley 
Bcrlir'.i!, a berlin 
Berlingot, or Brelingot, sm. small 

carriagr, gig 
Berlue, sf dimness of sight 
B(?rine, a benn; covered way 
Bernable, 2. a. who deserves to 

be tossed in a blanket 
Rernardiere, ?/. sort of pear 
Berne, toss in a blanket; an 

Bernement, sm. tossing in a 
blanket; banter 





Bemer, va. to * toss in a blank- 
et; to ridicule 

ISeineur, sm. tosser in a blank- 

Ceniicles, sf. pi. nothing; pshaw 

Hcsace, sf. a wallet 

Bcsacier, snu btggar 

Bcsaigie, 2. a. sourish 

Bcsaigue, sf. a twy-bill 

Besaiit, sm. bcsant 

Besides, sf. temple-glasses 

Betogiie, work, labour 

Besogiier, vn. to work 

Besoiii, sin. want,7ieel, lack 

Bessoii, ne. a twin 

I'.estiace, sf. nninny 

Bostiaire, sm. one that is exposed 
to wild blasts 

Bestial, e. a. beastly, brutish 

Bestiaiement, ad. beastly 

Bestialite, sf. beastliness 

Of stiaux, sm. pi. cattle 

Bestiole, .s/. little beast, insect; 
a young fool 

Bestion, sm. wild beast 

Btta, sm. simpleton; booby 

Betail, cattle 

Bete, sf. beast, brute, bloclJicad 

Bete fauve, wild deer 

— noire, wild bear 

— asine, an ass 
BOtel, sm. betel 
Rr;tement, ad. sillily 
Betille, sf. a sort of muslin 
R6tise, stupidity, folly 
lietoine, bttony 

Bette, b^ct 

Betterave, red beet 

Btiif, sm. vid. BcEuf, 

Bcuslenient, bellowing 

Beugler, vn. to bellow; low 

Bemie, sm. butter 

Beurrt, butter-pear 

Beurree, sf. bread and butter; 

I?eurrer, vn. to butter 
Beuriier, e. s. butler-seller 
Rtvue,/. oversight, mistake 
Hi^zoard, sm. bczoar stone 
Hia'.s, slope, angle, way, bias 
Biaiseinent, /^<cA, shift 
Ciaiser, va. to shuffle, dodge 
Biaiseur, .»ni. a shuffler 
Biarque, sutler, caterer 
Biasse, sf, raw silk 

Bibeion, ne. 5. tippler; the ip of\ 

a vessel 1 

Bil.Ie, .•?/. the Bible 
Bibiiograplio, sui. — pher 
Bibliographic, sf. —pky 
Bibliomane, sm. one that is mad 

after books 
Bibliomanie, sf. boohishness 
Bibliothecaire, sm. librarian 
Bibliotheque, sf. library 
Bibus, sm. paltry thing 
Bicetre, sm. unruly boy; liouse 

of correction in France 
Biclie, sf. a hind, lap-dog 
Bichon, ne. s. lap-dog 
Bicoque, sf. a paltry town 
Bidet, sm. apovy; a tit; joincr^s 

Bidon, a can 
Bidoris, little pony 
BJeii, good, wealth, bcveft 
Bien, ad. will, right, many, 

much, very 
Bien-etre, sm. comfort, ease 
Bien-tot, soon, very soon 

loin, vry far off 

loin de, pr. so far from 

que, c. altlioMgh 

Bien loin r[U(i, far from. 
Bien-aim6, e. a. s. beloved 
Bienfaisance, sf. brvrfccnce 

faisant, e. a. liberal, kind 

fait, sm. favour, benefit 

Bienfaiteur, benefactor 
Bienlaitrice, sf. benrf actress 
Biens fonds, sm. pi. lands 
Bienhenrcux, se. a. s. blessed 
Biennal, a- lusting two years 
Biens^ance, sf. decency, conve- 

Bienseant,e. a. decmt,convenirnt 
Bienvuillance, sf. good-will, 

free-gift, benevolence, love 
Bien-venu, e. a. welcome 
Bien-venue, sf. entrance money; 

initiation; garnish-money ; 

happy coming 
Biere, beer; coffin 
Bievre, sm. a beaver 
Biez, water-mill, channel 
Biffer, va. to erase, cancel 
Bipame, 2. as. twice married 
Bieamie, .■?/. bigamy 
Bisrarade, a sour orange 
Bigarreau, sm. hard cherry 

Rif;aricauti«r, hard cherry-tree 
Bigarrer, va. to party-colour, va- 
Bigarrure, sf. variety of colours, 

Bige, sj. chariot and two 
Bigle, sm. a beagle 

2. a. s. squint-eyed 

Bigler, vn. to squint 
Bigne, sf. a bunch 
Bigoriie, .*/. an anvil 
Bigorncau, sm. little rising an- 
vil, periwinkle 
Bigot, H. a. s. a bigot, hypocrite 
Bigoterie, sf. bigotry 
Bijou. .<iii.jr,vil, praty seat. — 

Petit hijuu Lttle darling 
Bijouterie, ."f. jewellery, toys 
Bijoutier, sm. toyman, virtuoso 
Bill, a bill in parliomrnt 
Bilan^ account-book 
Bilboquet, sm. a catch; cup and 

Bile, sf. rholer, bile, gall 

— , (colere) anger, passinn 
Biliaire, 2. a. bilious 
Bilieux, se. bilious, choleric 
Billard, sw. billiard, the mass, a 

billiard table 

Billarder, V7i. to * strike a ball 

Bille, sf. billiard-ball, taw, pack- 
er's stick, rolling-pin 

Billebarer, va. to checker 

Billebaude, sf. confusion, bustle 

Biller, va. to * pack with a pack- 

Billet, sm. note, ticket, billet, 
bill, ballot 

— de lotterio, lottery ticket 

— doux, love litter 

— de baiiquo, bank vote 
Billelte, .<;/. a sign at a toll; bill-t 

I Billfcvesce, idle trash 
Billion, sm. thousand millions 
Billon, bad coin 
Billonnage, debasing the coin 
Billonnement, putting off bad 

Billonner, vn. to * put off bad 

Pillonnetir, .im. forger 
Billot, billet; wedge; cudgel, 

Bimbelot, a toy 





Biinbeloterie, sf. toy trade 
Bimbeiotier, sm. a toy-man 
Biiiard, a large cart 
Biuaire, 2. a. binanj 
Biiiement, sm. digging again 
Biner, ra. to * dig again 
Binet, sm. a sace-all 
BLographe, biographer 
Biographic, sf. biography 
Bipede, 2. a. biped; with tico 

Biqiie, sf. a she-goat 
Biquet, sm. a kid; scale to weigh 

Biqueter, vn. to kid 
Biqueter, vn. to weigh money 

with a money-scale 
Bireme, sf. a ship icith two rows 

of rowers on each side 
Biretle, a kind of cap 
Biribi, sm. a game of hazard 
Bis, e. a. brown 
Bis, int. encore, over again 
Bisaieul, great grandfather 
Bisaieule, sf. great grandmother 
BLsbille, sf. qaarrei, discussion 
Biscornu, e. a. ill-shaped, odd 
Biscoiin, sm. sugar-cake 
Biscuit, biscuit 
Bise, sf. north-east wind 
Biseau, sin. cut of a diamond, 

Biseigle, a ruler 
Biser, vn. to * grow brown 
Biset, sm. stock-duce 
Bisetie, sf. narrow lace 
Bisetlitire, narrow lace-maker 
Bison, sm. a sort of wild oz; al- 
so buffalo (,/a heraldry) 
Bisiiuains, horse-cloths 
CisTjue, sf. bisk, cullis, odds 
Bissac, sm. a wallet 
Bissexte, bissextile 
Histouri, sm. incision knife 
Bistre, sf. bistre; prepared soot 
Bitter, c«. to bit a cable 
Biluine, sm. bitumen 
Bituinmeux, se. a. — noiis 
Biviaire, -. meeting of two roads 
Bivoie, .•*/. parting of a road 
Bivouac, sm. extraordinary 

Bivonaquer, vn. to pa^s the 

night without shelter 
Bizurrej 2. a. fantastical^ old 

Bizarrement, ad. fantastically 
Bizarrerie, sf. fantasticalness 

oddntss, whim, caprice 
Blafard, e. a. wan, pale 
Blaireau, sm. a badger 
Biamable, 2. a. blameable 
Blame, vn. blame, fault 
Blamer, va. to blame; reprimand 
Blanc, be, a. white, clean, blank 

Blanc-sign6, sm. carte- blanche 
Blanc-manger, a blank manger 
Bianc-bec, a Tweice 
Biilet-blanc,d blank 
Blanc, a mark at shooting; i 

break; a blank; white slice of 

tJie breast of a fowl 
Blanc, whiting 
Blanchaille, sf. young fry 
Blanchatre, 2. a. whitish 
Blanche, sf. minum 
Bianchement, ad. cleanly 
Blancherie, sf. whitster's field 
Blaiicliet, sm. undcr-waist-coat 

, printer^ s blanket 

Blancheur, sf. whitcne.^s 
Blanchiuit^nt, sm. bleaching; a 

wash j'or siloer 
Blancliir, r. to whiten, dear, 

* grow gray: blanch, roask 
— ail soleil, to bleach 
Elanchissage, sm. washing, 

whitening, bleaching 
Blancliissant, e. a. whitish 
Blanchisserie, sf. whitening- 
yard or field 
Blancliisseur, sm, whitstcr, 

Blancliisseuse,;^/. washer-woman 
Blaiuiices, pi. cajoling, fiattery 
Blanque, blank totttry 
Blanquette, sf. drticate sort of 

z^hit^ wine; sort of pear; white 

Blaser, v. to dry up; * bum 
Se — , /o impair one's health by 

hard drinking 
Blazon, sm.heraldry,blazan, arms 
Blasonnement, blazonry 
Blasonncr, va. to blazon, traduce 
Blasonneur, sm.blazoncr, blazer 
BlaspliematL'ur, blasphemer 
Blasphematoire, 2. a. blasp/ie- 

Blaspheme, sm. blasjihewy 

.Blasphemer, p. to blaspheme 

I B atier, sm. com factor 

! Biavet, com-fiower, or blue bo' 

Ble, ou bled, com, wheat 
Bleche, 2. u. s. weak, silly 
Blt'Hie, 2. a. wan, pale 
Bleiiiir, r;i. to '' grow pale 
Bleuiissement, sm. paleness 
Blereau, cid. Blaireau 
Blesser, va. to * hurt, wound, oj 

fend, stain 
Se — , vr. to miscarry, to * be oj 

Blessure, sf. wound, bruise, inj\ 

Blet, te, a. half rotten 
Bielte, sf. blit, or blils 
Bleu, e. a. sm. blue 
Bleuatre, 2. a. bluish 
Bleuir, va. to * make blu 
Blinder, to cover with blinds 
Blindes, blinds 
Bl'JC, sm. ragged marble, block 

Blocage, ou Uocaille, sm. rui 

bish, shards 
Blocus, sm. blockade 
Blond, e. a. s. fair, flaxen 
Blond ardent, red as a carrot 
Blonde, sf. blond lace; fair toi 

Blonciin, sm. a beau 
Blondine, sf. a fair girl 
Bloiulir, vn. to * grow fair 
Blondissant, ante, o. yellow 

Bloquer, ra, to block up, fill up 
Blot, sm. log-line 
Blotlir, se biottir, to lay squat 
Blouser, ra. to * Uirow a ball in 

to the hazard 
— se blouser, to fall into a mis 

Bluet, sm. a blue-bottle, or co<K* 

Bliiette, sf. little spark 
Blutenu, 5/11. a bolter 
Bkiter, va. to bolt, sift 
Binttrie, sf. bolting-room 
Bliiloir, sm. a boltirr; .<neve 
Bol>eche, sf. cnndUstick' s 8oc\0% 
Bobine, a bobbin, quill 
Bobiner, va. to wind silk, i$-e* 
Bcbuiei'.ses, .'f. windert 


Boho, sm. small ailment^ hurt 

Uoca^e, a grove thicket 

IJocager, e. a. rural 

IJocal, sin. a jug 

Bodiiie, sf. keel of a ship 

Bodruche, thin parchment 

Hoote, vid. Boite 

BiBiif, sm. an oz, beef 

Boeuf, a la mode, alamode beef 

Bogue, sf. the rough prickly shell 

of chssnuts 
Boifue, sm. sort of sea fish 
Boheiuien, ne. s. a gipsy 
Boire, va. to * drink, soak, blot 
Boire, vn. to * put up with an 


^, sm. drink, drinking 

BoLs, wood; deer's horns 

chahli.--, chablish 

taillis, a copse 

de cliarpente, timber 

de lit, a bedstead 

Boisage, timber, wainscot 
Bois6, e. wainscotted 
Boisor, va. to wainscot 
Boiserie, sf. wainscot 
Boiseux, se. a. woody 
Boisiltier, sm. hewer of wood 
Boisseau, a bushel 
Boissel^e, .sf. bushel-full ; as 

much ground as a bushel of 

wheat, S,-c. can sow 
Boisselier, sm. a turner 
BoUson, sf. drink 
Boite, fit time to drink new wine 
Boite, "a box 

de inontre, watch-case 

de presse, hose 

a fusil, tinder-box 

a pond re, powder-box 

Boitenient, mn. halting 
Bolter, vn. to * go lame, limp 
Boiteiix, se. a. s. lame, cripple, 

Boitier, sm. surgeon's case; box 

of jeiDcl.t; case-maker 
Bol, on Bolus, a bolu.i 
Bo! d' Arm6nie, bole ammoniac 
Boinbance, sf. eating; riot 
Bombarde, a bombard [mcnt 
Bomliardeimiit, sm. bombard- 
Bombardi.r, va- to bombard 
Bombardier, sm. — dier 
Boiiibasin, hombazeen 
Bornbe, sf. a bam^ 


Bombement, sm. bunching out 

Bomber, va. to swell 

Bon, sm. promise, acceptance, 

Boii,ne.«. good, kind, brave,skil- 

ful, excellent 
Bon air, good luck, grace 
Bon-mot, sm. witticism, jest 
Bon, int. pshaw ! 
— , sm. good, clear, the cream 
— , ne. sf. dear honey 
— , ad. well 

Bonace, sf. calm, calmness 
Bonasse, 'i.a. sillily good-natured 
Bonbonniere sf. box for sweet- 
Bonbon, sm. dainties 
Bond, rebound; gambol; skip 
Bonde, sf. sluice, fiood-gate; 

bung, bung-hole 
Bondir, vn. to frisk, rebound 
Bondissant,e. a. skipping 
Bondissement, sm. frisking 
de coeur, a rising of the sto- 
Bondonner, va. to bung, stop 
Bondonniere, sf. cooper's tool 
Bondr6e, a bird of prey 
Bonheur, sm. happiness, good 

luck, blessing 
Bonhomie, sf. good-nature 
Bonifier, va. to improve 
Bonification, sf. improvement 
Bonne fortune, good adventure; 

lady's favours 
Bonneau, sm. buoy 
Bonnement, ad. honestly well 
Bonnes, sf. pi. trumps 
Bonnet, sm. a cap, bonnet 
nonnetade,s/. capping, cringing 
Honneter, va. to * cap, cringe 
IJonneterie, sf hosier's business 
Bonneleur, sm. sharper 
Bonnetier, cap-maker, hosier 
Bormette, sf. a bovnrt of a sail 
Bonte, goodnrss, kindness 
Bonze, sm. bonze, chat 
l!o(|iieteau, sm. a little wood 
Boquilloii,rt paltry tcoad cleaver; 

.shirt. I ice 
Borax, borax 

Bord, edge, brim, brink, shore 
Bord a bord, ad. Itvd, even with 
Bqr(\ fnavire,) ship; board 



Bordage, side planks of a ship 
Bordaver, vn. to traverse, sail 
Borde, sm. hem, edge, lack 
Bordee, sf. broadside, tack 
Border, va. to edge, to border, 

Bordereau, sm. note, account 
Bordure, sf. frame, edge, border 
Bor6al, e. a. northern 
Bor6e, sm. north wind 
Borgne, 2. a. one-eyed 
Borgne, one-eyed man 
Borgnesse, sf. one-eyed woman 
Borgnibus, sm. a tall one-eyed 

Bornage, setting bounds 
Borne, sf. a bound; limit; mile- 
stone; post 
Born6, e. a. shallow, small, nar' 

Borner, va. to bound, limit, end 
Se— , vr. to * keep within bounds 
Bornoyer, va. to look over a sur- 
face with one eye 
Bosphore, sm. — rus; streights 
Bosquet, thicket, grove 
Bossage, embossment 
Bosse, sf. bunch on the body; re- 
lievo; bruise; knot; lump 
Bosselage, sm. arelicvo; cmbosg' 

Bosseler,* work in relievo 
Bosselure, */. crimpling 
Bosseman, sm. boatswain 
Bossette, sf bridle-stud, boss 
Bossu, e. a. s. hunch-backed 
Bossuel, sm. a scented tulip 
Bossuer, va. to bruise, batter 
Bot, sm- a boat 

Bot, pied bot, lame of one foot 
Botani(iac, sf. botany 
— ,'2. fi. botanic, botanical 
I?oranifte, sm. botanist 
Botanologie, .sf. hotnnology 
Botte, boot; bunch; thrust: bot- 
tle; step of a coarh 
Bol'os, pi. clod.s of dirt 
Bntfelaire, sm. bottling of hay 
BottrliT, i"i. to bottle hay 
Borti'!<-ui', .sill, viukcr of hay into 

Botter. va. * make boots, * put 

boots on 
Se — , vr. to * pt't one's boots on, 
to clog one's shoeif 




RoUi le, sf. jo:kcy-boot, bicskin 
IJouc, Sill, k -jroat ; Icathrn bud- 
get; S loo "11 

Boucanar, oa. to s.-nokc, dry by 

^—, to hunt ox>:n. 
^^oucanier, sm. buccanier 
Boucajiiii, bo:cassine 
Boucaat, a kin I of hogshead 
Bo jche, sf th". mouth 
Bouche i, 'mouthful, morsel 
Boucher, m. to * stop up, * shut 
Boucher, sn. a butzher 
Bouchere, sf. but:h:r-uioman 
Bouclierie, shambls, butuh-ry 
1 oucheture, fence, enclosure 
Pouche-trou, sm. pin-basket 
Douchoir, lid of an oven 
Bouchon, stopple, cork, bu^h 
Bouchoiiiie, sf. darling, honey 
Bouchonner, va. to rub with a 

joisp, rumple 
Boacle^sf. buckle; knocker; curl; 

d'oreille, ear-ring 

Bouclement, sm. ringing 
Boucler, va. to * buckle; * ring; 

* make an end of; to curl 
Bouclier, sm. buckler, shield 
Boucon, sn poison, gudgeon 
Bonder, vn. to pout, look gruff 
Bouderie, sf. pouting. — lis out, 
toujoursquelque bouderie. tAey 
arc always wrangling 
Boudeur, se. s. who^pouts; sullen 
Boudin, s.'H. black pudling 
Boudiae, sf. middle knot in a 

glass pane 
Boudinier, ^tj. pudding- maker 
Boudiiiiere.s/ a little funnel 
Boudoir, sm. a closet where one 

retires to * be alone 
Roue, sf. dirt, matter 
Bou6c, a buoy 

Boueur, sm. dustman; scavenger 
Boucux, se, a muidy, miry 
Boutruit, e. piling 
Bouffee, •?/. puff; blast; slight fit 
BoutTer va. to puff; * be sullen- 
ly angry 
BouflTette, sf. car-knot of narrow 

Bouffir. va to hloat, * puff up 
Bouffon, ne. a. » jocose; buffoon 

BoulToaer, va. to droll; j.^st 
BouSijniierie, a/, buffoonery 
Bouge, sm. a loigj 

, the middit of a cask 

, a budget, or bag 

, sort of pear 

Bougeoir, fiat wax-candlc-stick 
Bouger, vn. to budge, stir 
Bougette, sf. budget, or bag 
Bougie, a waz-candle; bougee 
Bougier, va. to sear with a waz- 

Bougouner, >nuttsr, be surly 
Bougran, sm. buckram 
Bouillajit, e. a. hot, hasty 
Bouihi, sm. boiled mrat 
Bouillie, s/. thick milk, pap 
BouiUir, vn. to boil; toork 
Bouilloire, sf. boiler, kettle 
Bouillon, sm. broth; gust of pas- 
sion; seething up; puff; bub- 
ble; froth 
Bouilloa-blauc, mullein (a plant) 
Bouilloueinent, bubbling up, 

Bouilloiuier, vn. to bubble up, 

gush out 
Boulanger, vn. to bake 

, sm. a baker 

BoulaugJre, sf. baker's wife 
Boulaugeric, baking, bakehouse 
Boule, a bowl, ball 
Bouleau, s.n. a birch-tree 
Bouler, vn to pout, as pigeons 

do, to swell 
Boulet, sm. a bullet, bati 
Boulelte, sf. a little ball 
Boulevard, 5/rt. bulwark, fortress 

Bouleverser, va. to * overthrow 
Boulcux, sm. laborious man; 

short thick horse 
Bouli, a tea-pot 
Boulier, a fishing-net 
Bouliniie, sf. bulimy, hunger 
Boulin, sm pigeon's cove; put- 
luck, scaffolding pole 
Bouliue, sf. bouline, tack 
Rouliiier, en. tack aJiout. shift 
Bmiliii'iur, sm. a camp tJiicf 

Boulinicr, a ship that * goes with 
a side wind 

Boulon, iron pin, 

Bouloiiner, va. to fasten; to pin 

Bouque, sf a straight passage 
Bouquer, truckl.; buckle to 
Bouquet, sm. a nost gay 
Bouquetier. a fiow-rput 
Bouquetiere, sf. nusegay-wo:nun 
Bouquetin, sm. a wild goat 
Bouquin, old hc-goat- i^ch r.^ 
De vieux bouquins, old books 
Bouquiner, vn. to hunt after old 

books; to couple as a hare 
Bouquiuerie, sf. a heap of quo 

tations from old books 
Bouquineur, sm. book-worm 
Bouquinisle, second-hand book- 
Bouracan, barracan 
Bouracanier, barracan-maker 
Bourasque, sf. sudden storm, a 

Bourbe, mud, mire 
Bourbelier,s/n.ic/W boar's breast 
Bourbeu.x, se. a. muddy, miry 
Bourbier, sm. slough, plung 
BourbiUon, matter from a sore 
Bourcelte, sf. corn salad 
Bourdaloue, sm. hatband 
Bourde, sf. sham, fib, fun 
Bourder. vn. to fib, tell stories 
Bourdnur, se. s. a fibber 
Bourdillon, sm. cleft wood to 

make casks 
Bourdon, drone, staff 
Bourdonnant, e. a. buzzing 
Bourdonne, e. a. pometty 
Bourdonnement. sm humming, 
buzzing, murmuring [buzi 
Bourdonner, vn. hum; mutter; 
Bourdonnet, sm. lint 
Bourg, a country town 
Bourgade, sf. a little town 
Bourgage, sm. burgage 
Bourgeois, burgess, citizen; com 

, e. a. fit for a citizen 

Burgeoiso, sf. citizen's wife 
Bfjurgeoiseinent, ad. citizen like 
Bourgeoisie,.?/. /reet/ow of a city, 

th' citizens 
Bourgeon, sm. a bud, a pimple 
Bourgeon ner, vn to bud, * shoot 
Bouigm'-'Stre, *-/i. burgomaster 


Bounju6pine, sf. buckthorn 

Bourrache, bor ige 

Bourradc, beatings cuff 

Bourrasque, sudden storm; ca- 
price [stuff 

Hourre, wad^ coto's hair; siUij 

Bourreau, sin. executioner; but- 
cher, tormentor 

Bourree, sf. chat-wood, bavin 

', (danse,) a boree 

Bourrelel, sm a pad, hood 

Bourrellier, hamess-malur 

Bourrellenient, sm. torture; re- 

Bourreller, va. to torment, rack 

Bourrellerie, sf. racking- pain 

Bourrer, va. to pad; ravi; abuse 

Bourriclie, */. a basket in which 
game is sent 

Bouriier, e- a. made of cow's 
hair, S,-c. 

Boiirritjiie, sf. ass, ass's colt 

Bourriquet, sm. hand barrow; 
ass's colt 

Bourru, e. a. morose, cross 

Bourse, sf. a pur.te; a pod; an 
exchange, vesicle, bug 

Boursette, small purse 

Boursier, sm. treasurer, purse- 
maker, burser 

Boursiller, vn. to * make a ga- 

3<iursoii, sm a fuh 

Hoursoufler, va. to bloat, * puff 

IjoursoiilHatie, sm. Boursouliluio, 
sf. ."fwrlling, pumpositij 

Bousaid, ou Uouzurd, */«. deer's 

House, sf. cow's dung 

Bousilla2:e, sm. a mud wall ; 
dahhling ' 

Bouoillcr, va.* make a mud wall, 
to spoil a wot k 

Bousilleur, sm. mud-wall, or dab- 
Bousqiiier, vn. to plunder 
Boussoie, sf compaxs, guide 
Bout, .'tm. end, tip, nippl, chape, 
button, heel-piece, ferrule, but 
Bout d'aile, sm. pinion 
Bouts, rimes, pi rhymes 
Bout sai^ueux, neck of mutton, 

Boutade, */ freak, whim; spirt, 


Boutadeux, se. a. whimsical 
Bout-en-train, sm. decoy bird, 

merry companion 
Boute-t'eu, gunner; linstock; in- 
cendiary, firebrand 
Boule-tout-cuire, sm. a spend- 
Bouteillage, butlerage 
Bouteille, sf. a bottle 

, (vessie d'eau,) bubble 

Bouteiller, sm. butler 
Bouter, va. to * put; pare off 
Boutique, sf. shop; implements, 

stall, trunk 
Boutiquier, s^n. shopkeeper 
Boutoir, snout, buttress 
Bouton, button; bud, pimple 
Boutonner, va. to button; bud, 

* break out 
Boulonnerie, sf. button-ware 
Boutonnier, S(n. button-maker 
Boutonniere, sf. buttonhole 
Bouture, slip of a tree, sucker 
Bouvart, sm. young bull 
Bouverie, sf. a cow-house 
Bouvet, sm. a plane 
Bouvier, e. s. cowherd, clown, 

Bouvillon, sm. bullock 
Bouvrenil, bullfinch 
Boyar, a Russian nobleman 
Boyau, a gut, bowel 

, branch of a trench [ker 

Boyaudier, sm. fiddle-string via- 
Bracelel, a bracelet 
Braclier, va. to brawl 
Brachial, e. a. brachial 
Bracliinane, sm. bramm, Ocntoo 

Bracoiiner, va to poach 
HracoMiiicr, sm. a poacher 
Brai, pitch and tar niixt 
Uraie, sf. vurscry-linen 
Wriuis, pi. trowscrs 
Brailiuid, e. a. s. bawling noisy 

Braiiler, vn. to bawl 
Braillciir, se. 5. bawler, scold 
BraieiiKUil, .•?»/!. biuyingof anass 
Braire, vn. to bray a.f an ass 
Braise, sf. live coal: small coal 
Braoier, sm trou^'h 
Biau, coarsest bran 
Bran, int pshaw 
Brancard, sm. a litter, shaft of 



a coacb; hand-barrow; ckaiv 

man's horse 
Brancardier, a Ittcr-dricer 
Brancliaf^e, branches, boughs 
Branche, sf. branch, bough; stick 

of a Roman balance 
Brancher, va. to * hang on a tree 

, vn. to perch 

Brancliier, sm. a brancher 
Brancliu, e. a. branchy 
Brande, sf. heath, bough 
Brandebourg, sm. surtout 
Biandevin, sm. brandy 
Brandevinier, e. s. sutler 
Brandillenient, sm. swinging 
Brandiller, 7;a. to swi»is, see-saw 
Brandilloire, sf. a sicing 
Brandir, ra. to brandish,* stop; 

Brandon, sm. a firebrand; wisp 

of straw 
Brandonner, va to nail wisps of 

straw at the door of a seized 

Branlant, e. a shaking 
Bianle, sm.jogeint^; hammock 
Branlenient, jogging; motion, 

Brani^r, v. to jog; * shake; wa- 
ver,* give ground, tott':r, move 
Branleur, se s. shower 
Beanloiie, s/. sioivg: sec-saw 
Braque, sm. a setting-dog 
Braqueniart, n cutlass 
Biaqiienieni, pointing a cannon 
Braquer, va. to point, to turn a 

carriage \dle 

Bras, sm. arm, chiw, sconce, Aan- 
Brasff, vr. to .'■old'r 
Brasier, sm. coal-fire; a great 

clear fire: pun for coals 
Brasiller, va. to broil 
Biasure, sf soldering 
Brassage, sm. coining fees 
1 Brassart, brassets; bracers 
' Brasse, .<?/. a fathom 
Prassee, an arm/id 
I Brassei, va. bnw, mix; devise 
j Brasserie, sf. u brrwhouse 
' Brasseur, se. s u brncer 
Brassieres, sf. night-waistcoat 
Brassin, ."m brewir'.'.- copper 
Pravache, a swaggerer, bully 
Bravade, sf hectoring 
I Brave, ^ a. s. brave, spruc« 





Bravemenl, aJ. stoutly, finely 
Braver, va. to brave, bully 
Braverie, sf. finery 
Bravoure, valour, courage 
Bravoures, yZ. high, feats 
Brayer, va. to pitch 
Brayor, sm. a truss, pamiel 
Brayes, sf. pi. children's clouts 
Brayette, afiap 
Breant, sm. a siskin 
Brebiage, taz on sheep 
Brebis, sf. a sheep, ewe 
Breclie, breach; gap, notch 
Brechedent, -2. a. s. toothless 
Brecliet, sm. brisket 
Brecin, sm. iron hook 
Bredi-breda, stupid, noisy chat 
Bredouille, sf. double points at 

French backgammon 
Bredouillement, sm. stammering 
Bredouiller, vn. to stammer 
Bredouilleur, se. s. stammerer 
Bref, ve. a. brief, short 

, ad. in short, shortly 

, sm. a brief, calendar 

Brehaigne, 2. a. barren 
Breland, sm. a gaming-house 

, sort of game at cards 

Brelander, vn. to game 
Brelaadier, sm. a gamester 
Brclandinicr, e. s. a dealer who 

sells in stalls 
Breliquebreloque, ad. heedlessly 
Brelle, sf. a raft 
Breloque, a gewgaw, toy 
Breluche, thread and worsted 

Breme, a bream (fish) 
Br6sil, sm. Brr.zil wood 
Bresille, e. a. friable 
Bresiller, va. to * cut small, to 

dye with Brazil wood 
Bresillet, sm. Brazil wood 
Lf'tailler, vn. to tilt 
Brelailleur, sm. a tiller, bully 
Bretaiuler, ra. to * crop 
r.retelle, sf. a strap; handle 
Brclte, a rapier, long sword 
Brette, p.. toothed, notched 
Bretteur, smi a bully, hector 
Brftture, .*/. teeth of tools 
Breve, a short syllable 
Brevet, sm. warrant, commission, 

indenture; bill of lading; 

charm, spell 

Brevetaire, bearer of the king 
warrant for a church prefer- 
Breveier, va. to * give a warrant 
Briiviaire, sm. a breviary; bre- 
Breuvage, drink, potion, drench, 

Bribe, sf. a scrap, lump 
Bricole, bricole; rebound; back 

stroke, tail 
Bricoler, vn. to * toss sideways 
Bride, sf. bridle, stay, loop 
Brider, va. to bridle, curb, tie 

Bridoir, sm. britfle on a woman's 

Bridon, a snaffle, a bit 
Brief, ve. a. quick, short 
Brievement, ad. briefly 
Brievete, sf. brevity, shortness 
Brifer, va. to guttle, claw off 
Brifeur, se. s. a guttler 
Brigade, sf. brigade, troop 
Brigadier, sm. brigadier 
Brigand, highwayman; extor- 
tioner; aristocrat 
Brigandage, robbery 
Brigander, vn. to rob on the 

Brigantin, sm. brigantine 
Brignoles, sf. pi. prunes 
Brignon, sm. kind of plum 
"rigue, sf. solicitation, cabil 
riguer, va. to solicit, sue 
rigueur, s/n. candidate 
Briilant, e. a. shining, bright 
— , sm. brightness; keen sense; 
a brilliant 
Brillanter, va. to * cut a dia- 
mond into angles 
Briller, vn. to * shine; sparkle, 

Brimbale, sf. brake, handle of a 

ship's pump 
Brimbaler, va. to * set a going 
Briniborions, baubles, toys 
Brin, sm. bit; sprig; slip; stick 
Hrinde, sf. a toast; a health 
Brioche, sort of nice cake, briosh 
Briou, sm. moss on trees 
Brlque, sf. a brick 
Briquet, sm. a steel 
Briquetage, bricks; brick-work; 

Briqueter, va- to * make brick 

Briqueterie, sf. brick-kiln 

, brick-making 

Briquetier, sm. brick-maker 
Bris, wreck; breaking open 
Brisans, sm. pi. breakers, shelve* 
Brisanl, sm. shelf; blind 
Brise, sf. a breeze 
Brisees, sf. pi. tracks in hunting 
Brise-fer, sm. a very strong fe/ 
Brise-glace, starling [lou 

Brise-vent, shelter 
Brise-cou, break-neck place 
Brise-raison, noisy chatterer 
Brisenie.nt, dashing; rendering 
Briser, va. to * break; * split 

dash; bruise; * rend; destroy 

* fall out 

Se briser, vr. * break; fold up 
Briseur, sm. breaker 
Brisoir, a brake for flax 
Brisque. sf. brisque (game 9 

Brisure, sf. rebatement 
Britaunique, 2. a. British 
Broc, sm. a leathern jack; f 

great jug 
Brocanter, v. to be a broker 
Brocaiiteiir, a', a broker 
Brocard, sm. brocade; taunt 

Brocarder, vn. to taunt; * nip 
Brocardeur, se. s. a taunter 
Brocaielle, sf. linsey-woolsey 
Broccoli, sm. brocoli 
Broche, sf.spit; knitting-Tieedle, 
faucet; stick, peg, puncher; 

Broch6e, spit-full 
Broclier, va. to * knit, * stitch; 

* do in a hurry; * work with 
gold, silk, S,-c. to * stick; fasten 

Brochet, sm. a pike 
Broclietoii, a small pike 
Brochette, sf. a skewer 
Brocheter, va. to meeisure the 

linbs and side planks of a 

ship; to pin on 
Broclieur, se. 5. a knitter 
Brochoir, sm. smith's shoeing 

Brochure, sf. a pamphlet 
Brode,e.fl. embroidered; streaked 
Brodequin, sm. buskin; the boot* 





K<loder, va. to embroider; ro- 
rroderie, sf. embroidery; ro- 
mancivg; knot [ter 

Bpodeur, se. s. embroiderer, spot- 
Brodoir, sin. a bobbin 
Bfonchade, sf. stumbling' 
Broncheinent, sm. failure 
Broncher, va. to ^tumble; * trip 
Broncliial, e. a. bronchial, of Ike 

Bronchotomie, sf. —tomy 
Bronze, 2. s. bronze, brass 
Bronzer, va. to bronze 
Broquart, sm. a brocket 
Broque, vid. Broccoli 
Broquette, sf. a tack 
Brossailles, pi. brus/ies, briers 
Brosse, a brush, pencil 
Brosser, va. to brush 
——, vn. to brush along- 
Brossier, sm. a brush-maker 
Brouee, sf. fog; mist 
Brouet, sm. boiled milk; gruel, 

thin broth 
Brouette, 5/. wheel-barrow, pal- 
try coach [man 
Brouettier, sm. wheel-barrow- 
Brouhaha, clapping 
Brcuillamiui, hotch-potch 
Brouillard, mist; day-bouk 
Brouiller, va. to shuffle, * mix to- 
gether, embroil, pcrplrx, jum- 
ble, * set at variance 
Se— , vr. to fall out, * be out, * 

be overcast 
Brouilleiie, sf. broil, (/uarrcl 
Brouilleiies, small trinkets 
Brouillon, sm. foul coj>y; day- 
book; marplot 
Brouillon, ne. a. s. shuffling, bu- 
Brouir, va. to blast 
Brouissenient, sm. a rattling 
Brouissure, sf. blight, blast 
Broussaillcs, sf. pi. brambles 
Broussin, sm. excrescence 
Brout, browze-wood; green shell 

of walnuts 
Brouter, va. to browse 
Bromines, sf. sprigs, trifles 
Broye, a brake for flax 
Broyement, sm. pounding 
Broyer, * grind, pound, 

Broyeur, sm. grinder 
Broyon, a hrayer 
Bru, sf. a son's wife 
Riuant, sm. yellow hammer 
Brugnon, a nectarine 
Bruine. sf. rime; hoar frost 
Bruiner, vn. to drizzle 
Bruire, to roar, bustle, * ring 

Bruissement, sm. roaring 
Bruit, a noise, report, uproar, 

quarrel, fame 
Brulant, e. a. burning, hot, eager 
Briile, sm. burning 
Brulemeat, burning, fire 
Bruler,« * burn, scorch, blast 
Bruleur, sm. incendiary 
Bru lot, a fire-ship 
Brulure, sf. a burning, blast 
Brumal, e. a. winterly 
Brume, sf. a fog at sea 
Brumeux, se. a. foggy, misty 
Brun, e. a. brown, dusky; dun 
— , sm. brown colour 
— , e. brown man or woman 
Brunei, le. a. brownish 

, sm. a brown youth 

Brunette, .tf. a brown girl 
Brunir, v. to burnish, to turn 

Brunissage, sm. burnishing 
Brunisseur, a burnisher 
Brunissoir, burnishing-stick 
Brunitisure, sf. polishing 
Bruse, knee-holly 
Brusque, 2. a. blunt; over hasty 
Brusquemeiit, ad. bluntly; has- 
Brusqucr, va. to affront 
Brusquerie. sf. rudeness 
Brut, e. a. rough; brute 
Brutal, e. brutish, rude 
— , sm. churl; blunt; brute 
Brut!i\em(i]it,ad. inconsiderately, 

rudely, clownishly 
Brulaliser, va. to use roughly 
Brutalite, sf. —Uty, rashness 
Brute, a. s. brute, brutish 
Bruyant, e. a. blustering, roar- 
Bruyere, sf. heath: a sort of 

German wool 
Buanderie, a wash-house 
Buandiere, a washer-woman 
Bube, a pimple, blister 

Bubon, sm. bubo, blotch 
Buccinateur, a trumpeter 
Buccine, sf. a cornet 
Bucentaure, sm. bucentaur 
Bucephale, Bucephalus 
Buche, sf. billet; blockhead 
Bucher, sm. wood-pile, wood- 
house, funeral pile 

, va. to fell wood 

Bucheron, sm. wood-cleaver^ or 

Buchette, sf. stick 
Bucolique, a pastoral poem 

, 2. a. bucolic, rural 

ButTet, sm. buffet, side-board, ta- 
ble; set of plate 
Buffeter, va. to suck wine out of 

a peg-hole 
Bufleteur,sm.o7ie who sucks wine 

out of a peg-hole 
Bulfetier, buff'eteer; who stands 
at the side table; hence, by cor- 
ruption, the English word 
Buffetin, a buff coat 
Buffle, buffalo; buff'-skin; block- 
head; buff coat 
Butlietin, a young buffalo 
Bugle, sf. bugle 
Buglose, bugloss 
Buire, ou buie, a flagon 
Buis, sm. box, box-tree 
Buisserie, sf. boards to make 

hogsheads with 
Buisson, sm. bush, thicket 
Buissonnet, little bush 
Buissonnier, e. a. truant 
Bulbe, sf. a scallion 
Bulbeux, se. a. bulbous 
Bullaire, .<i7n. collection of bulls 
Bulle, sf. a bull, bubble 
Bulletin, sm. ballot, certificate of 

health, billet 
Buraliste, a receiver of duties 
Burat,s»t. a coarse kind of cloth 
Bure, sf. a coarse kind of cloth 
Bureau, sm. office; law; court; 
factory ;bench-committee;scru- 
toire; kind of coarse cloth 
Burette, sf. cruet for oil, crystal 

Burin, sm. a graver 
Buriner, va. to engrave 
Burlesque, .sm. a ludicjrovs looy 
of writing 





, 2. a. bbrl,:$que, mock 

UurlesqufiiK'iif, ad. comically 
Bursal, e. a. p'-cuniary 
Busard, sm a huzz ir,i 
Busc, sm. busk, whalcbove 
Buse, sf. buzzard, a ninny 
Busquer, va. to pursue; to stiff- 
en; to prop 
Buste, sm. a bust 
But, a but; mark; jack; aim; 

But a but, ad. even hands 
Buter, vn. * hit the mark, aim at 
Se buter, vr. to dash, be * fixed 
Bulin, 5/71. booty, spoil, prize 
Butiner, va- to pillage, plunder 
Butireux, se. a buttery 
Butor, sm. a bittern, a lob 
Butorde, sj. a stupid woman 
Butte, hillock, mark, point 
Buyable, 2. a. drinkable 
Buvetier, sm. a publican 
Buvette, sf. a tavern, a drink- 
ing bout 
Buveur, so. s. tippler, toper 
Buvotter, vn. to * sip, tipple 
Bysse, sm. byssvs, pecious cloth 


CA, inf. come on 
ca, nn abbreviation of cola, 
5 ' that; ca ira, that will do 

ca &c la, ad. hither, up and down 

Cabale. sf. a cabal, dub 

Cabalt^r, vn to ca'>al 

Cabalcur, sm. a entailer 

rabaliste, a cabalist 

Cabalistique, 2. a. cabali.otic 

Cabane, sf. cottage, cabin, till 

Cabaret, s:n. public-house, tea- 

Carbareiier, p. s. a publican 

Cabas, sm. a frail, basket 

Cahnstan, a capstan 

Cabillaud. a cod, chub 

Cabille. sf. dun, tribe 

Cabinet, em closet, cabinet, sum- 
mcr-hou.<^e, privy, study 

CnhU', a cable 

Cahieau, small cable [a cord 

Cnhier, va. to twi.<t threads into 

Cab«-)che, sf. a lirge-hcadr.d nail; 
head; old nail 

Caboclion, sm. precious stone 

not * cut 
Cabotage, coasting trade 
Caboler, vn. to coast 
Caliotior, sm. a coaster 
Cabrer, o. to prance, irritate 
Se — , to be refractory, to * fall 

into a passion 
C(!bri, sm a young kid 
Cabriole, sf. a capriol; caper 
Cabrioler, va. to caper 
Cabriolet, soi. light low chaise 
Cabrioleur, se. *. a caperer 
Cabron, sm. a kid's skin 
Cahrouet, a little cart 
Cabus (clioux,) cabbage-head 
Cacade, sf. sad balk, baffle 
Cacao, sm. cocoa-nut 
Cacaoyer, Cacaoiier, cocoa-tree 
Cacaoyere, sf. place planted 

icith cocoa-trees 
Cache, lurking-bole 
Cacliemenl, sm. hiding 
Cacher, va. * hide, conceal, cover 
Cachet, sm. seal, signet 
Cacheter, va. to seal, sealing 
Cacliette, sf. lurking-hole 
Cachexie, cachexy 
Cacliot, sm. a dungeon 
Cachoterie, .«/. affectation; mys- 
CachoM, smcachoe, a kind of nut 
Cacocliyme, 2. a. ill'complexion- 

ed, ill-natured, cross 
Cacochyniie, sf. cacochymy 
Cacophonie, cacophony 
Ca"la:-tre, sm. doomsday-book 
Cadavcreux, se. a- cadaverous 
Cadavre, sm. corpse, carca-is 
Cadoau, a flourish, a feast 
CaJenas, a padlock 
Cadinassor, va. to padlock 
Cadence, sf. cadence, harmony 
Cadence, e. a. cadenced 
Cailencer, vn. to cadence; quiver 
Cadenetie, .«/. hair-tressed 
Cadet, sm younger; novice 
Cadette, .«/. younger sister 
Cadi, sm. a judge among the 

Cadis, o kind of serge 
Cadole, .«/. a latch 
Cadran, sm. a dial 

solaire, sun-dial 

Cadre, a picture-frame 

Cadrer, va. lo quadrate, suit 
Caduc, raduijue, a decayed, 

frail, perishable 
Caducee, sm. .Mircury's wand 
Caducite, sf. dicay, craiinet 
Catard, e. a s. hypocrite 
* afarderie, sf. hypocrisy 
Cafe,sm. coffee, coffa-house 
Cafe tier, coffee- man 
Cat'etieie, sf. coffee-pot 
Catier, sm. coffee-tree 
Ca^'e, sf. cage, jail 
Cagnard, e. a. s. lazy, idle 
Cagnarder, vn. to mump 
Cagnardise, *■/. laziness 
Cagneux, se. a. bowlegged 
Cagot, e. hypocrite; bigot; « 

Cagoterie, sf. hypocrisy 
CagotLsme, sm. affected devotion 
Cagou, an owl of a man 
Cague, sf. Dutch fishing-boat 
Caliier, sm. stitched book 
Cahin-caha, ad. untowardly 
Cahol, sm. a jolt of a coach 
Cabotage, j(//«in or 
Cahotef, v. tojoH, shake 
Caliutte, sf. a hut, cottage 
Caieu, vid. Cayeu 
Caille, sf. a quail 
Cai!l6. sm. curds and whf^y 
Cailkbotle, sf. curds a»i whey 
Caillebotte, e. a. curdled 
Caillf bonis, sm. grating 
Caillelait, rennet 
Caillement, curdling of women^t 

Caiiler, va. to curdle; coagulati 
Cailleteau, sm. young quail 
Cailletot, a young turbot 
Cailietie, sf. rmnet, silly gossip 
Caillot, sm. a clot of blood 
— rosat, rose-water pear 
Caillou, a flint, flint-stone 
CailIoutage,y?»nt5, rockwerk 
Caiman, an alligator 
Caimand, a low beggar 
Caimander, vn. to beg 
Cajok-r. va. to cajole, whecdU. 
Cajolerie, .?/. cajoling, coaxing 
Cajoleur, se. s. wheedler, coazer 
Caisse, sf. chest, ca^h; drum 
Caissier, sm. a cashier 
Caisson, sm. covered w<igo% 
I Cal, callosity 





C'alaison, sf. depth of a ship 
(.'alaiiiiue, calamine; lapis ca- 

(^'alainite, — ty, misery, distress 
•C'alauiiteux, se. a. calaviitous 
Calandie, .«/. calender; weevil 
<;alandrer, va. calender cloth 
Calandieur, sm. a calender 
Calcaire, 2. a. that may be reduc- 
ed to chalk; calcareous, limy 
Calc6doine, sf. chalcedony 
Calcination, calcining 
Calciner, va. to calcine 
Calcu!, sm. calculation ; the stone 

in the bladder 
Calculable, 2. a. computable 
Calculateur, S7n. accomptant 
Calculeux, se. a. calculous 
Cale, sf. wooden wedge ; creek ; 
ducking ; ship's hold ; flat cap 
Calebasse, a gourd 
Caleche, calash; chariot 
(/alecon,sm. drawers 
Caleconnier, drawers-maker 
Cal6faction, sf. — lion; beating 
Calemar, sm. cuttle-fish; pencase 
Caiembouig, a pun 
Calendes, sf. calends ; convoca- 
— grecqucs, never 
Calondrier, sm. a calendar 
Gr6gorien, Oregorian ca- 
Calenture, sf. burning fever 
Calepin, sm. book of extracts 
Caler, va. to lower (the sails) 
Calfas, sm. calking, oakum 
Calfat, a calker, calking 
(l'a!fatag<>, calking of a ship 
Culfator, ca. to calk, pitch 
Calfatour, sm.. a calker 
Calfaiin, calker's boy 
< 'alfeulragc, stopping chivks 
Calfputrer, va. to * stop chinks 
Calib6, e. a. chalybeate, impreg- 
nated with strcl 
Calibre, sm. bore, size, sort 
Calibrer, va. to dispart 
Calico, sm. chalice, calix, cup 
Califourclion, a califourchon 

Caiigineux, se. a. gloomy 
Calin, e. s. inzy beggar, booby 
Caliiier, vn. to beggar 

Se — , V?". to * sit, or rest like a 

beggar or boohy 
Calleux, se. a. callous, hard 
Callosil6, sf. callosity, hardness 
Calmande, callimanco 
Calme, 2. a. calm, quiet, still 
— , sm. calm at sea, calmness, 

quietness, stillness 
Calmer, va. to calm, appease, 

quiet, still, pacify 
Calomniateur, sm. calumniator, 

Calomniatrice, sf. calumniatrix; 

Calomnic, calumny, slander 
Calomnier, va. to calumniate, 

Calomnieusement, ad. slander- 
Calomnieux, se. a. slanderous 
Calotin, sm. a foppish clergyman 
Calotine, sf. a grotesque work, 

or figure 
Calotte, leather-cap ; lampoon. 
Calotlier, sm. leather-cap-maker 
Calquer,zja. to chalk the outlines 
Calvaire, sm. Calvary 
Calvinisme, calvinism 
Calviniste, 2. a. s. calvinist 
Calvitie, sf. baldness 
Calumet, sm. large Indian pipe 
Calus, hard knob in the skin, 

hardness of heart 
Calyphe, oa calife, a caliph 
Cama.'iea, precious stone, picture 

of one colour 
Camail, a camail, a capuchin 
Camaklule, a kind of friars 
Camaradc, a comrade, f( How 
Camard, o. a. 
Cambiste, sm. change broker- 
Cambouis, coom,, grease 
Cambrer, va. to vault, * bend 
Se — , vr. to warp as wood 
Cambrure, sf. bending 
Cam6e, sm.. cameo 
Cani616on, a chamdion 
Camelol, camlet 
Camelot6, e. «. woven like, camlet 
Camelotine, sf. a kind of camlet 
Cani6rinr, sm. chumhcrlain 
Camerlingat, the pope's great 

chamberlain's place 
Camcrlinpue, the pope's great 
I chamberlain 

Camion, very small pin; caVs 
claw, little cart 

Caniisadu, sf. assault by right 


Camisole, sf. uudtr-waistcoat 

Camomile, chamomile 

Camouflel, sm. pvff of smoke, 

Camp, a camp ; an army 

Campagnaid, e. a. of the coun- 
try, rustic 

Campagnard, sm. a countryman, 
a clown 

Campagnarde, sf. a country wo- 

Campagne, country ; campaign 
Campane, o tuft, fringe 
Campanclle, — nella 
Campanette, blue-bell flower 
Campanilie, steeple, belfry 
Campechc, (bois de,) sm. log 

Canipement, encampment 
Camper, v. to encamp, place 
Camphre, sm. camphire 
Camphi6, e. a. camphorated 
Campine, sf. fine pullet 
(Campos, sm. a play-day 
Camus, e. a. flat-nosed, balked 
Camuson, sf. flat-nosed girl 
Canaille, the rabble, mob 
Canal, sm. canal, channel, gut 

tcr, pipe, ways, means 
Caiiap6, a canopy-couch 
Canapsa, a knapsack 
Canard, mallard, water-dog 
Canardcr, va. to pelt, * shoot 
Canardiere, sf. a decoy 
Caiiarie, sm. canary-bird 
Cancel, chancel 
Cancellaiioii, sf. rccission 
Canceller, wa. to cancel ; rn-.c 
Cancer, sm. a canker, 
Cancre, a crab-fish ; poor ; ^tin 

Candolabre, a chandelier 
(.'an(l(!ur, sf. candor, frankness 
Caiidi, (sucre,) sm. sugar-can ly 
Candidal, a candidate 
Candide, 2. a. candid, sinrer 
Candidcment, ad. sincerely 
Cane, .</. a duck, coward 
Canebir, va. to channil, chan<frr 
Cancllat, S7n. sugar wortfCinna' 




Canelle, sf. cinnamon, a lap 
Caudio, e. a. of a cinnamon co- 
lour ; ckainfcred 
Canelure, sf. cJiannelling, cham- 
fer, fiutmgs 
Cancpin, sm. fine shrep-skin 
Caneter, vn. to waddle 
Canetille, orsilcerticist 
Canetillcr, lui. to tic with twist 
Caaeton, ^i. tiuckliug 
Caiietto, sf. diir.kliiig 
Caiievas, sm. cancass, rough 

Canictie, sf. spaniel bitch 
Caniculaiies, (jours.) dog-days 
Caiiicule, sf. dog-star, dog-days 
Caiiif, sm. a penknife 
Cajiin, e. a. canine 
Canne, .<?/. canr, stick, measure 
Canon, sm. cannon ; gun-barrel, 
quill-barrel, cannon, gun,catch 
CanoninI, e. a. canonical 
Caiioaicat, sm. a prebend 
Canoiiiquc, 2. a. canonical 
Canoniijuement, ad. — cally 
Canonistp, sm. a canonist 
Canonisation, sf. —zation 
Caiioniser, va. to canonize 
Canoanade, sf. cannonade, can- 
Canoniiagc, sm. gunn ry 
Canonner, va. to cannonade 
Canonnior, sm. gunner 

holf, loop-hole 
Canoi, sm. a small boat, canoe 
Cantaic, sf. cnntata 
Canlati;le, a little cantata 
Canlharirle, Spanish fly 
Cantine. a bottle-case ; a tavern 

for soldiers 
Cantique, sm. a canticle 
Canton, nislrict; part of a town 
Cantonncment, cantoning 
Canlonncr, va. to canton 
So—, rr. to fortify one's self 
Cantonnirre, sf. canton ; addi- 
tional curtain to a bed 
Caunlc, sf. pipe, tube 
Cap, sm. a cape 

Capable, 2 a. capable, able, apt 
Capablement, ad. skilfully 
Capacity, sf. ability, skill, size 
Caparasson, sm. caparison 
Caparassonner, va. to caparison 

Cape, sf. cape of a cloak, riding- 
hood ; main- sail 
Capelan, sm. a poor ignorant 

Capillaire, maiden hair 
Capilotade, sf. a hash ; slander 
Cajjitaine, sm. a captain 
Capitainerie, */. government of 

a ca.-:tle, office of a ranger 
Capitainesse, ou capitaine, ad- 
miral galley 
Capital, e. a. capital, chief 

, sm. main point ; stock 

Capilale, sf. chief city 
Capitales, sf. pi. capital letters 
Capilalement, ad. capitally, to 

Capitan, sm. boaster, hector 
— baclia, Turkish admiral 
Capitane, sf. the admiral galley 
Capitanie, captainry 
Capitation, poll-tax 
Capiteux, se. a. heady 
Capitole, sm. capital 
Capiton, silk welt 
Capitoui, principal magistrate 

of Toulouse 
Capitiilaire, Q. a. of a chapter 
Capitulairement, ad. chapterly 
Capitulant, sm. member of a 

Capitulation, sf. — tion, articles, 

Capituler, vn. to capitulate, par- 
ley [per 
Capon, sm. idle school-boy; shar- 
Caponner, vn. to * trick 
Caponniere, sf. trench, lodgment 
Caporal, sm. corporal 
Capt>t, great coat, cloak 
Capote,' s/. riding-hood ; cloak 
C;\pre, a caper, m. privateer 
Caprice, sm. whim, caprice 
Se capricier, vr. to * take pet 
Capricieuseinent, ad. — ciously 
Capricious, se. a. capricious 
Capriconie, sm. capricom 
(^aprier, a caper-tree 
Caprisant, (pouls) uneven pulse 
Capsule, sf. a case 
Captateur, sm. an inveigler 
Captation, sf. inveigling 
Captatoire, a. fraudulent de- 

Capter, va. to inveigle 
Captieusetnent, ad. subtilely, do- 

Captieux, se. a. deceitful, subtle, 

Capiif, ve. a. s. captive 
Captiver, va. to captivate, eon- 

Cap'ivil6, sf. captivity, great 

Capture, capture, booty, seizure 
Capuce, sm. a cowl 
Capuchon,ridtng-cloak; cowl 
Capucin, capuchin-friar 
Capucinade, .«/. a ridiculous ser 

Capucine, capuchin-nun ; nai 

Caquage, sm. barrelling up 
Caijue, sf. a cag, barrel 
Caque-denier,sm. pinch-farthing 
Caquer, va. to barrel up 
Caquct, sm. babbling, talk 
Caqueter, vn. to chat, prattle 
Caqueteur, sm. a great talker 
Caqueteuse, sf. talkative gossip 
Caqueierie, tittle-tattle 
Caqueloire, a chair of rest 
Caqut'ur, sm. he that guts her- 
rings to barrel them 
Car, c. for, because 
Carabe, sm. yellow amber 
CarRbin, carabimir ; rook 
Catahinade, .<;/. a rook's trick 
Carabine, a carbine 
Carabiner, va. to fire and then 

retreat ; to play the rook 
Carabinier, sm, a carabineer 
Caracol, en caracol, winding 

Caracole, sf. caracol, or wheel 

ing about 
Caracoler, vn. to wheel about 
Caracouler, to coo 
Caractere, sm. character ; stile ; 

humour; charm 
Caract6 riser, va. to characterize 
Caract6ristique, a. s. character- 
Carafe, sf. a flagon 
Carafon, sm. an ice-pail 
Carambole, sf. carambol 
Caramboler, va. to carambol 
Caramel, sm. barley-sugar 
Caraque, sf. acarack 





Carat, a carat 
Caravaue, sf. a caravan 
Caravaiiier, sm. leader of a ca- 
Caravaniste, one belonging to a 

Caravaiiserail, sm. caravansary 
Carboncle, a plague; blotch; 

Caibonnade, sf. a carbonade; a 

Carcan, srn. necklace; iroji collar 
C'arcasse, sf. carcass^ skeleton 
Carcinoine, sm. — ?««, a cancer 
Garde, sf. stalk of an artichoke 

, a card 

Cardee, two cards full of wool 
Carder, va. to card wool 
Cardeur, se. a carder 
Cardialgie, .9/. heart-bum 
Cardiaque, 2. a. s. cordial 
Cardier, sm. a card-maker 
Cardinal, e. a. cardinal 

, sm. a cardinal 

Cardinalat, cardinalship 
Cardinale, sf. (p'.aiite) cardinal 
Cardinaliser, va. to make a car- 
dinal; to -paint red 
Cardon, sm. cardoon-tkistle 
Carenie, lent 

Un careine, preiiaiu, a ridicu- 
lous felluw 
Car6nagc, .sm. carcening-place 
Carene, sf. all the parts of a 

skip under water 
Gardner, va. to careen 
Caressant, e. a. kind, flattering 
Garcsse, sf. caresses, wheedle 
Garesser, va. to caress, sooth 
Gar^'aison, .of. a cargo 
Garguer, urt. to brail vp the sails 
(/argues, sf. pi. brails 
Caricature, sf. an overcharge 
Carle, rottenness in the bones 
Carier, va. to rot, taint 
Carillon, sm. chimes; scolding, 

Carillonnoment, chiming 
Carillonner, vn. to chime 
Carillonneur, sm, a chimtr; a 

noisy fellow 
Cariole,'s/. a kind of calash 
Carisladc, alms, charily 
Garme, sm.^a carmelite 
Carmelite, sf. carmelite nun 

Carmi.n, sm. carmine 

Carniinatif, ve. a. carminative 

Carnage, sm. carnage, slaugh- 
ter, carrion 

Carnassier, e. a. carniverous, 

Carnassiere, sf. pouch, bag 

Canmtion,sf.—tion; flesh-colour 

Carnaval, sm. carnival 

Carne, sf. angle, corner 

Carn6, e. a. carnation 

Garnet, sm. a debt book 

Carnivore, 2. a. carnivorous 

Carnosit6, sf. camosity 

Carogne, a jade 

Caron, sm. a slice of fat bacon 

Caroncule, sf. a small gland; ex- 

Carotte, a carrot 

Carotter, vn. to play low 

Carousse, sf. carousing 

Carpe, a •arp. — Carpe pamCe, 
an affected womaii 
, sm. the wrist 

Carjjeau, a little carp 

Carpetles, sf. packing clothes 

Carpillon, sm. a young carp 

Carquois, a quiver 

Carre, s/. crown of a hat; shape 
of a coat; toes of a shoe 

, e. a. square 

, sm. a square, garden bed 

de inoulon, breast oj mutton 

Carreau, square; pane; garden- 
bed ; cushion ; diamond at 
cards; the ground; thunder- 
bolt: thundtr-stone; tailor's 
goose; bolt 

Carrefour, a cross-way 

Carrelage, paving with square 
tiles, 6,-c. 

Carrelei , va. to pave with square 
tiles, <i'-f. to r.icnd shoes 

Carrclet, sm. a flounder 

Carrelette, sf. a fine file 

Carreleur, sm. one that paves 
with square tiles, S,c. 

Carrolure, .s/. paving with tiles, 

CarrCment, ad. square 

Carrer, va. to square 

Se — , va. to strut 

Carret, sm. rope-yarn 

Carrier, a quarry-man 

Carnere, sf. quarry; career 

Carrosse, sm. a coach 

— de voiture, stage-coach 

— coup6, a chariot 

— brise, a landau 

— de louage, a hackney-coach 
Carrossee, 5/. f^dl coach 
Carrossier, sm. a coach-maker 
Carrousel, a carousal 
Carrousse, sf. riot, loose mirth 
Carrure, shape of a coat 
Cartayer, va. to quarter 
Carte, sf. card, map, pasteboard 
Carte-marine, sea-chart 
Cartel, sm. cartel; challenge 
Carttisianisnie, the Cartesian 

Cartesien, Cartesian 
Cartier, a card-maker 
Cartilage, a gristle 
Cartilagincux, se. a. gristly 
Carton, sm. pasteboard, bandbox 
Canonner, va. to add a leaf to a 
book \^ker 

Cartonnier, sm. pastcboard-ma- 
Cartouciie, sf. a charge; car- 
Cartuiaire, sm. a collection of 

Cas, ft case; fact; chance; mat- 
ter; value 
Casanier, sm. close housekeeper; 

lazy drone 
Casanier, e. a. retired, idle 
Casaque, 5/. a great ccat 
Casaqiiin, sm. a short goicr. 
Cascade, sf cascade, a fall 
Case, a point at backgammon; 
square in a draught-board; 
mean habitation; box 
Casemate, a casemate 
Casemater, va. to fortify 
Caser, vn. to * take a point at 

Caserne, sf. a barrack 
Caserner, vn to * be in barracks 
Casilleux, se. a. brittle 
Casque, sm. a helmet 
Cassade, sf. a flam, sham 
CassaiWe, first digging of afield 
Cassant, e. a. brittle 
Cassation, sf. repeal, abrogating 
Gasse, cassia, pen-case, case 
Casse-cou, sm- unsafe place; tinr 

even ground 
Casstc, Cvoix,1 sf. broken voice 




Casscr, vn. to * break, bruise; 

Ca»i«;r()le, sf. a stew-pan 
La^e-iioiseite, sin. nut-cracker 
C'assie-t^te, puzzle-brain; heady 

<. issette, nf.cofferet; privy-purse 
L .Oiseur, sm. cracker, bouncer 
C.issier, ca-^sia-Uce 
U:isso1ettc, sf. pcrj'umiit<r pan 
Caasnnadc, powdered su^ar 
Castagnette, castanets 
Caste, a tribe 

Castelane, sort of green plum 
Castille, bickering; contention 
Castor, siu. a beaver 
Casualile, sf. perquisite 
Casuel, le. a. casual; precarious 
Casuel, sm. profits, perquisites 
Casuellement, ad. casually, by 

chance • 
Casuiste, sm. casuist 
Catacrese, sf. catecresis 
Catacombs, pi. catacombs 
Catadoupes,/;/. tcater-falls 
Catafalque, sm. funeral decora- 
Calalepsie, sf. catalepsy 
Caialeptique, 2. a. —tic 
Catalogue, sm. — logae^ list, roll 
Calaplasme, poultice 
Cataracts, sf. a cataract 
Se cataracter, vn. to grow dim 
Catarrhe, sm. a catarrh 
Catarrlieux, se. a.catarrhous 
Catastrophe, sf. —pke 
Calecliiser, va. to catechise; tc 

endeavour; to persuade 
Catechisine, sm. a catechism 
Cat6cluste, a calediist 
Catechuniene, 2. s. —men 
Catt'gorie, sf. — gory, class 
Cat6goriqueinent, ad. categori- 
Cathartique, 2. a. cathartic 
Cathedrale, sf. a cathedral 
Cailiedrant, sm. a lecturer 

Cailiolicisme, licism 

Catholicity, sf. Catholicism; the 

catholic countries 
Oatholicon, sm. —con 
Calliolique, 2. a. s. catholic; uni- 

, 2. s. Roman Catfiolic, a 


Catlioiiquement, ad. Christian- 
Caii, sm. a press [^like 

Catiiuini, ad. sidy 
Catin, sf. an immodest girl 
— , sm. a foundry vessel 
Calir, va. to press cloth, &,c. 
Catoptrique, sf. catoptrics 
Cavalcade, a cavalcade, little 

Cavalcadour, sm. an equerry 
Cavale, sf. a mare 
Cavalerie, cavalry, horse 
Cavalier, sm. trooper; genile- 

inan, horseman, spark 
Cavalier, e. blunt, haughty 
Cavalieremeiit, ad. haughtily, 

gentleman- like, bluntly 
Caudalaire, sm. train-bearer 
Cave, sf. cellar; case of bot- 
tles; vault; pool at play 
— , 2. a. hollow 

Caveau,s)rt. little vault, or cellar 
Cavee, sf. a hollow way 
Caver, vh. to hollow; to stock at 

Caverne, sf. a cavern 
Caverneu^v, se. a. cavernous, 

Cavesson, sm. muzzle to tame a 

horse, check 
Ca\\\lnuon,.';f. sophistical reason 
Caviii, sm. a defile, cavity 
Cavite, sf. hollowness, cavity 
Causaliui, casuulity 
Causaiif, ve. a. casual 
Cause, sf. cause, reason, motive 

d'appel, action upon appeal 

Causer, vn. to cause; talk; blab 
Causeur, se. s. a babbler 
Causerie, sf. babbling, slander 
Causticite, malignity 
Caustique, 2. a. caustiit; wasp- 
Cauteleusemeiit, ad. slily 
Cauteleux, se. a. wily, sly 
Cautere, sm. an issue, cautery 
Cauteriser, va. to cauterize; * 

Caulion,sf.bail; security; surety 

bourgeoise, good security 

Cautioimeinent, sm. bailing 
Cautioimer, ua. to bail, warrant 
Caver, sm. a ouire, stitched book 
Cayeu, a sucner, off-set 
Ce, cet, cetie, ;;rtf. this, that, it 

Co que, what, tliat 

C'est pouniuoi, thtrefore 

Ce u'est pas que, not thai 

Ceaus, ad.-within, at home; he^ 

Ceci, pro. this, these 

Cecile, sf. blindness 

Cedant, e. s. grantor 

Ceder, va. to cede, yield, resign 

Cedille, sf. cedilla {r.) 

Cedrat, sm. a kind of citron 

Cidre, cedar 

Cedule, sf. bill, note, cedula 

Ceindre, va. to enclose; '^ put on, 

Ceiutre, e. «. arched, vaulted 

CeiiUure, sf. girdle; t/ie waist, 

enclosure; cincture 
Cf iiituiier. sm. a belt-maker 
Ceiiituroii, a belt 
<,'ii\a, pro. that, thus, so 
Celt'idiJii, sm. sea-green; affected 

sentimental man 
Celebrant, officiating priest 
C6l6brati<)u, sf. solemnity 
Celebre, 2. a. famous, eminent 
Celebrer, va. celebrate, *set forth 
Celtibrile, .«/. — ty, solemnity 
Celer, va. to conceal, * hide 
Celeri, sin. celery 
Ceieriie, sf. — rity; swiftness, 

Celeste, 2. a. celestial, heavenly 
Celestiiis, sm. pi. a sort of fri- 
Celibat, sm. celibacy; single life 
Celibataire, 2. a. of celibacy 

, sm. a bachelor 

, sf. unmarried woman 

Celle, pro. f. she, that 
Cellerier, e. s. caterer; cellarist 
Celiier, sm. cellar above ground 
Cellule, sf. a cell, box-case; hole 

in the honey-comb 
Celui, pro. he, that 
Celui-ci, celle-ci, this 
Celui-la, celle-la, that 
Cement, sm. cement 

Cementation, sf. tion 

Cendre, sf. a.<shes 
Cendre, e. ash-coloured 
Cendree, 5/. dross of lead; small 

Cendreux, se. a. ashy, full of 

' Cendrier, sm. ash pan 


Cene, sf- the Lord's supper 

Cenelle, holy-oaks berry 

Cftnobite, sm. monk 

Ceriobitique, 2 a. tical 

Cenotaphe, sm. cenotaph, i. e. 
empty tomb 

Cens, quit-rent 

Ccnsable, 2. a. of a manor 

Censal, sm. a broker 

Cense, sf. a fee-farm 

Cens6, e. a- accounted; reputed 

Uenseur, sm. censor, a critic 

Censier, the lord of a manor 

, e. 5. a fee-farmer 

(Jeasitaire, sm. a copyholder 

Censive, sf. a manor 

Censiveiiient, ad. in a feudal 

Censuel, le. a. feudal 

Censurable, 2. a. — ble, deserv- 
ing censure 

Censure, sf. censorship; censure; 

Ceiisurer, va. to censure; * chide 

Cent, 2. o. hundred 

, sm. a hundred 

Centaine, sf. about a hundred 

Centaure, sm. a centaur 

Centaurce, sf. centaury 

Cenleiiaiie, '2. a. centenary 

Centenier, Centurion, sm. cap- 
tain of a hundred; centurion 

Ceutierae, 2. a hundredth 

CentO'.i, sm. rhapsody 

Central, e. a. central 

Centre, sm. centre 

Centrifuge, 2. a. centrifugal 

Centripete, 2. a. centripetal 

Centuple, 2. a. sm. hundred fold 

Centupler, va. to increase great- 

Jy . 

Centuriateur, sm. — ator 

Centurie, sf. —ry, hundred 

Centurion, sm. —rion 

Cap, sm. a vine 

Cependant, ad. in the meantime, 

nevertheless, yet 
C6phalalogie, sf. —gy 
C6phalique, 2. a. cephalic 
Ceps, sm. pi. stocks, fetters 
Cerat, sm. cerate, plaster 
Cerbere, Cerberus 
Cerceau, a hoop, net, ring 
Cercelle, sf.^a teal 
Otifcle, sm. a circle, assembly 


Cerclor, va. to hoop 
Ceiciier, sm. hoop-viaker 
Cercueil, a cojjin 
Ceremonial, e. a. — nial 

, sm. — nial, ritual 

Cereinonie, sf. — ny, rite 
C6r6monieux, se. a. ceremoni- 
ous; formal 
Cerf, sm. a stag; a hart 
Cerf-volant, horn-beetle; paper 

Cerfeuil, sm- chervil 
Cerise, sf. a cherry 
Cerisier, sni. a cherry-tree 
Ceine, a ring, circle 
Cerneau, kernel of a nut 
Cerner, va. * take out the kernel 

of a nut, tap a tree 
— yeux cern6s, eyes surrounded 

with black and blue spots 
Certain, e. a. certain, sure 

, sm. certainty 

une nouvelle certain, sure 


une certain nouvelle, a re 

Certainement, ad. certainly 
Certes, truly, indeed 
Certificat, sm. a certificate 
Certificateur, a voucher 
Certification, sf. —lion 
Certifier, va. to certify, assure 
Certitude, sf. certainty, stability 
Cervaison, venison-season 
Cerveau, sm. the brain 
Cervelas, cervelas^ kind of sau- 
Cwrvelet, hind part of the brain 
Cervelle, sf. brains 
Cervical, e. a. — cal 
Cervier, (loup) sm. a lynx 
Cervoise, sf. sort of beer 
C6ruse, white lead 
Ces, pro. these, those 
Cessation, Sf/. — tion,intcrtiiis.^ion 
Cesse, ceasing, intermission 
Cesser, v. cease., * leave off 
Cessible, 2. a. transferable 
Cession, sf. a yielding up 
Cessionnaire, 2. s. cessionary, 

Ceste, sm. cestus, girdle 
Cesure, sf. ctssura, pause, rest 
Get, pro. this, that 
Ctitac6e, a. m. cetaceous 



Coux, celles, pro. these, those 
Clifibier, va fasten to a cable 
Cliiibleur, sm. a water- officer 
Chabiis, wind-fallen wood 
Cliaconne, sf. chacon (a tune) 
Chacun, e. pro. cve^ one, each, 

(it can never be joined to a 

Cliafouin, e. a s. a mean-look 

ing fellow; a polecat 
Chagrin, sm. grief; vexation, 

— , shagreen 
— , e. a. morose, sad 
Chagrinant, e. vexatious 
Chagriner, va. to vex, to fret 
Chaine, sf. chain; warp; ridge; 

Chaineau, sm. a pipe of lead 
Chainelier, a chain-maker 
Chainette, sf. a little chain 
Chainon, sm. a link 
Chair, sf. flesh, skin, quick 
— vive, the quick 
Cliaire, a pulpit; fee; oratory 
Chaise, a chair, scat, sedan 
Chaland, e. 5. customer; chap- 
Cha\HnL\\s<i,sf. custom, good-will 
Chalet, sm. a hut, cabin 
Chaleur, sf. heat; warmth; zeal 
Chalit, sm. bedstead 
Chalonpe, sf. great boat 
Chalumeau, sm. stem.; a pipe; 

Chamade, sf. a parley [glc 

Chaniailler, vn. to fight; wran- 
Chamaillis, sm. fray, squabble; 

Chamarrer, va. to lace, daub 
Chamarrure, .<?/. lacing 
Chambalon, sm. a yoke {to carry 

milk, water, S-c] 
Cliambellan, chamberlain 
Chambranle,7ttni&s; mantle-tree 
Chauibre, sf. chamber, room 
Chanibree, 7)croO/ts lying in one 

room, house-full 
Chambrelan, sm. chamber- artifi- 
cer, a lodger 
Chanibrer, vn. to lodge togetlur; 

to confine, take aside 
Chambrctte, sf. little room 
Chambrier, sm. chamberlain iu 

a manastcnj 





Chambriere, sf. chamber-maid; 

Clianibrilloii, young maid 
Chameau, sm. a camel 
ClKimelicr, camel-driver 
Chauies, Games, .^m. inuscles 
Chamois, shavoy; icild goat 
Chainoiseur, shamoy-dresser 
Champ, afield; matter 

— de bataille, jjieW of battle 

— clos, camp list 
Champagne, iff. champaign 
Champart, sm. field-rent 
Champaiter, va. to collect field- 

Champarleur, sm.. field-rent col- 
Champetre, 2. a.rural 
Champignon, sm. mushroom; 

thief in a candle 
Champignonhiere, sf. a bed for 

Champion, sm. a champion 
Chance, sf. chance, hazard 
Chanceiant, e. a. tottering; un- 
Ciianceler, vn. to totter; to wa- 
Chancelier, sm. chancellor 
Chancel'\eTe,sf .chancellor' s icife 
Cliancehement, sm. tottering; 

Chancellerie, sf. chancery 
Chanceux, se. a. lucky 
Chancir, va. to grow mouldy 
Chancissure, sf. inouldiness 
Cliancre,57n.a cancer, sore; foul- 
ness in the teeth 
Chancreux, se. a. cancerous 
Chantleleiir, sf. Candlemas 
Chandelier, sm. candlestick, a 

tallow chandler 
Chandellc, sf. a candle 
Ciianfrein, sm. forehead of a 

Change, exchange, cha$t^e,bank- 

er's trade 
•.'hanjreant, e. a. changeable, 

Cliangement, sm. change; alte- 
Changeotler, va. to change of- 
Changer, va. to change; alter, 
shift, barter 

Changeur, sm. banker, money- 
Chanoine, a prebendary 
Chanoinesse, sf. a canoness 
Chanoinie, canonry, canonship 
Clianson, a song, idle story 
Chansonner, ra. to lampoon 
Chansonnetle, sf. little song, lay 
Chansonuier, sm. ballad-maker 
Ciiaiit, singing; tune; canto 

du co(j, cock-crow 

Clianianl, e. a. tunable; sivg- 

I i»g 
Chanteau, sm. hunch of bread, 

Cl)anter, v(i. to * sing; to crow; 

Clianterelle,5/. treble- string; de- 
Chanteur, se. s. a singer 

Ciiantourn6, a headpiece of a 

Chaiitre, a chanter, a clerk 
Chantrerie, sf. chantry 
Chanvre, sm. hemp 
Clianvrier, hemp-dresser 
Cliaos, chaos, confusion 
Clia(»e, sf. cope, helm 
Cliapeau, sm. a hnt; man 
Chap.lain, a chaplain 
Chapeler, va. to * rasp bread 
Cliapelet, sm. chaplet, head, stir- 
rup-leather; a chain-pump 
Chapelier, e. ^. a hatter 
Chapelle, sf. chapd, benefice 
Chapellenie, chaplainship 
Cha(ielure, chippings ; chips; 

Ciiaperon, sm. hood; coping of a 
wall; bolster-cap; top; com- 
Chaperonner, va. to * cap one; 
to protect; to hood-wink the 
Chapier, 5>n. copc-bearcr 
Chapileau, chapiter, capital 
Chapilre, chapter; chapter-house 
Chapitrer, va. to reprimand 
ChajKin, syn. capon; crust rf 

bread boiled in broth 
Chaptinucau, sm. young capon 
Chaponner, va. to cajftn 
Clia|)onniere, sf. caponry 

Chaquc, pro. each, every (*is 
always joined to agubEtantive) 
Char, sm. chariot, car 
Cliarancon, a weevil, mite 
Charbon, coals; ulcer 

de bois, charcoal 

de lerre, pit-coal 

Cliarbomiee, sf. short rib of 

Charhonner, va. to daub with a 

Chai bonnier, sm. coal-merchant 

collier; coal-hole 
CiiarbonniL-re, sf. colliery; coal- 
house; cual-woman 
Charbouiller, va. to stain; to 

Charcuier, va. to hcLck, mangle 
Charculerie, sf.hog'sjtcsh; sau- 
sages, <i-c. 
Cliarcutier, e. s. vho keeps a 

Chardon, sm. thistle; spike-head 
Chardonner, va. to nap cloth 
Chardoiineret, sm. goldfinch 
Cljardonuiere, sf. thistle-plot 
Cljarge, load, charge, cargo; em- 
ployment; place, office 
Chargeam, e. a. clogging; te- 

Cliargement, s^m. bill of lading 
Chargeoir, charger in gunnery 
Charger, va. to load; charge; 

burden, lade, clog 
Se — , to *take upon one's self 
Chargeur, sm. a loader 
Chariage, carriage 
Cliarier, v. to carry along 

droit, to mind one's hits 

Chariot, sm. wagon, cart 
Charitable, '2. a. charitable 
Charitablement, ad. —tably 
Charite, ."f. charity, alms 
Charivari, sm. paltry vtiisic, 

a clutter 
Cliarlatarija mountebank; wheed- 

Charlaune, sf. cunning gipsy 
Charlataner, ra. to gull 
Charlatanerie, sf. quackery 

Cliarniaiit, e. a. charming; de 

Cliarnie, sm. charm, yoke-elm 
Charmer, va. to charm; allay 





Charmille, .if. hedge of yoke-elm 

Cliaiiiajje, sni. flesh-time 
Cliamci, le. a. carnal; sensual 
Clianieilemeut, ad. carnally 
G/iariieu.v, se. a. fleshy 
Cliaiiiier, sm. charnel-honse; a 

Cliarniere, sf. a hinge 
Cliainu, e. a. fleshy, plump 
Clianmrc, sf. flesh, s/cin 
Charogiio, carrion, carcass 
CljarpciJte, tunber-work 
CliarpeiUL'r, va. to work timber; 

to mangle 
Charpeaieiie, 5/. carpentry 
Cliaii>u!itier, sm. carpenter 
Chaipie, sf. Cliarpis, sm. lint 
Charrtf, s/. buck-ashes 
Charrolee, a cart-load 
C)iarroli(jr, chart ier, sm. carman 
Clianetlc, sf. a cart 
Cliarroi, sm. carriage, wainagc 
Chanou, a cartwright 
Charionajre, cartiorighfs work 
Cliariuago, arable land 
Ciiairue, sf. a plough 
Charto, cliarire, a charter 
Chaite-pailie, charter-party 
Cliartil, chartis, sm. a pcnt-hous'e 

for carls, great cart 
Charlie, sf. charter, gaol 
Chartreuse, charter-house 
Ciiarlreux, se. s. Carthusian fri- 
ar, or nun 
Cliartrier, .sm. keeper of charters 
CJias, sm needle- eye 
Chaserot, I'itle sash-frame to 

make cheese, sf. shrine; scale; frame; 

Chasse, sf hunting; game; chase 

aux om:mix, fowling 

Chasse-chifii, sm. bradsman 
Chasse-cousiii, sm. bad wine 
Ohasse-coijuiii, bcdsman 
C\vASse\as,(;xcellent sort of white 

Ghasse-niaree, <i fish-cart; a 

Chasser, va. to hunt, * drive a- 

way, chase, pursue 
— ail fusil, to * go a shooting 
Cliasserosse, sf. a huntress 
Chussoiir, sm. hunter, fowlc 

Chasseuse, sf. a huntress 
CJiassie, blear-eyedness 
Chassieux, se. a. blear-eyed 
Cliassis, sm. sash; frame; chase 
Chassoir, cooper's driver 
Chaste, 2. a. chaste; pure; veat 
Chastement, ad. chastely; purely 
Ciiastete, s/. chastity, purity 
Chasuble, a kind of cope 
Cliasublier, sm. maker of ecclesi- 

asiical ornaments 
Chat, cat 

Petit chat, little dear 
Chats, pi. catkins 
Chataignc, sf. a chesmit 
Chataigneraie, chesnut orchard 
Chalaiguier, sm. chesnut-tree 
Chataia, a. m. chesmit- colour 
Chateau, sm. a castle, or seat 
Chateaux en Espagne, airy cas- 
Chatelain, lord of a manor; go- 
vernor of a castle; castellan 
CJiutelet, little castle 
Chatellenie, sf. castle-ward 
(^hat-huant, sm. screech-owl, sul- 
len man 
Chatiable, 2. a. punishable 
Ciiiitier, va. to chastise; mind; 

Cliatiere, sf. a cat-hole 
Charinient sm. chastisement 
Cliatou, a kitten; bezel; catkins; 

Chatouillcnieiit, tickling 
Cliatouiller, va. to ticklr; please 
Chatouiileux, se. a. ticklish, de- 
Chatle, sf. a she-cat; puss; dain- 
ty woman 
Chattee, brood of a cat 
Cliatteinite, demure hypocrite 
Chatter, chatoriner, vn. to kitten 
Chaud, e. a. hot, warm, hasty, 

, sm. heat, hot 

, ad. hot, warmly 

Cliaudeau, sm. caudle 
Chaudeinciit, ad. warmly, earn- 
Cliaufleron, sm. a kettle, caldron 
Chau(ieroiin6e, sf. kettleful 
Chauderoniierie, brazier's ware 
Chauderonnier, sm. brazier, tin- 

Chaudiere, sf. caldron; copper, 

great kettle 
Chauftage, sm. fuel 
Chauffe, sf furnace 
Chaulle-pied, sm. a foot-stove 
Chauffer, va. to heat, warm 
Chaufferette, sf afoot-stove 
Chaufferie, a kind of forge 
Chauffeur, sm.warmerofaforge 
ChaufCoir, JO arming-place; warm 

cloth for a sick person 
Chaufour, a lime-kiln 
Chaufournier, a lime maker 
C]iavirer,« turnupside down 
Chanme,sm.stubble,stubble field 
Chaumer,7;a. to * cut stubble, to 

Ci)aun]iere,s/.a thatched cottag* 
Chauinine, small cottage 
Chaussant, e. a. easy to put an 
Cliausse, sf. stocking, straining 

Chausses, pi. breeches 
Cliauss6, e. a. cross-grained 
Chauss6e, s/. causeway 
Ciiausse-piC, sm. shoeing-hom 
Chausser, va. to * put on shoes, 

or stockings; make shoes; to fit 
— le cothurne, to turn a drar 

matic writer 
Chaussetier, sm. hosier 
Chaussetrap, sf. a caltrop 
Cliausselte, under-stocking 
Cliausson, sm. socks, pumps 
Ch a assure, sf. any cover of the 

leg and foot 
Claiuve, 2. a. bald 
Chauve-souris, .«/. abat 
( 'liauveK?, baldness 
Chaux, lime 
Chef, sm. head, chief, leader; faff- 


de fnmilie, housekeeper 

Chef-d'oiuvre, a master-piece 
Clief-lieu, a manor-house 

de parti, a ringleader 

Chelin, sm. shilling 
Chemia, way, road, course 
Cheuiia6e, .'?/. a chimney 
Cheaiiner, vn. to walk, or * go 
Chemise, >/. shirt, shift 
Clieaiisette, under-waiitcoat 
Chenaie, a grove of oaks 
Chenal, sm. channel 
Ciieaapan, sm. a vagabond 





Ch^np. an oak 
Chciie-veid. holm-oak 
Cli6nfau, ijouvg oak 
, a pipe to cotirey rain-wa- 
ter frum LhP gutt'rs 
Clienet, hand-iron 
Cheneviere, .</. hcwp-fiihl 
Clicuevis, am. hcwp-secd 
Chcnevolte, .<;/. short straw 
Chenevottcr, »«. to peel hewp- 

Cheiiil, sm. a dog-kennd 
Clienille, sf. a caterpillar 
Cheiiu, e. a. hoar;/; gray-headed 
f'lier, e. dear; ca'-flt; beloocd 
Clicrche, */. »e<irch' 
Cl:ircli(r, ca- to* stck, look for, 

* search 
Chercheur, se. *. seeker, searcher 
Chere, 5/. cheer, treat, entertain- 
Chcreinent, ad. dear, dearly 
Clierir, vr. to cherish, love 
Chersonese, sf. peninsula 
Chert<^, dcarness, dearth 
Ch6rubin, sm a cherub 
Ch6ruljiqiie, 2. a. cherubinical 
Chervis, sm. chervil 
Ch6tif,ve. a. mean, sorry, pitiful 
Ch^;tivemeiit, ad. pitifully 
Cheval, 5m. a horse 
Cheval-fondu, Itapfros' 
Chevalerie, sf. knighthood; chi- 
Clievalet, sm. -xoodcn horse; 
bridge of an instrument; easel; 
tressel; buttress; poop 
O.evalier, a knight 

d'industrie, sharper 

de la coupe, toper 

d'honneur, first gentleman 


du guet, captain of a watch 

on horseback 
Clievaliere, sf. kninhVs lady 
fhevaline {hcic,) horse or ware 
Clievance, one's whole substance 
Vhcv^iucMe., judge" s circuit 
Clievauclier, vn. to * ride (obso- 

Chevau-16ger8, sm. light horse 
Chfvecier, vestry-keeper 
Ch6vecerie, sf. office of a vestry- 
Chevelu e. a. long-hairpd 

Chevehire. sf. head of hair; 

a ins; jib re 
Clitvet, sm. a ivhter 
Clieveire, a halter (old) 
("heveu, a hair, fibre, thread 
ChevDIc, */. a peg; uncle-hone, 
broach, botch [roldry) 

Chevilie, e a. branched {in he- 
(."hesilier, va. to peg. to pin 
(,'lievillette, sf. bookbinder's peg 
Chovillon, sm. turner s peg 
Chevillure, sf. the broaches of a 

deer's head 
Cfievir, vn. to manage, overrule 
Chevre, sf. a she-goat, crab 

saiivage, antelope 

Ciievrean, sm. a kid 
Chevrc-feuille, honeysuckle 

pied, a. ni. goat-footed 

Chevrelte, sf. a doe; syrup pot; 

little hand-iron; shrimp 
Chevreuii, sm. a roebuck 
Chevrier, a goatherd 
Chevrillard, /a?rn of a roe 
Chevron, a rafter, chevron 
Chevronnic, e. a. chevror.y 
Chevtoter, i.w. to kid; to fret; 
skip; to * have a trembling 
voice in singing 
Chevrofin, sm. a kid's ski: 
Chevrotin6, sf. deer-shot 
Chez, pr. at, or to one's house, 

among, with 
Chiasse, sf. scum, dung 
Chiaoux, sm. a Turkish bailiff 
Chicane, sf. chicanery, cavil 
Chicaner, va. to chicane; * vex, 

quarrel, cavil 
Chirancrie, sf. chicanery 
Chicancur,se. s chicaner; shifter 
Chicanier, e. wrangler, caviller 
Chiche, 2. a. stingy 
Chichement, ad. stingily 
Chichet6, sf. niggardliness 
Chicon, sm. coss-l/ttuce 
Chicort-e, sf. succory, endive 
Chicot, sm. a. stump 
Chicoter, vn. to wrangle; trifle 
Chicoiin, sm. orpine 
Chion, a dog, cock of a gun 
Chien-c^lcsie, sm. dog-star 

dent, dog's grass 

nr)arin, sea-dog 

Chienne, sf. a bitch 
Chienner, vn. to whelp, puppy 

Chiile, .«•/. sorry silk, or stuff 
CJiitlbn. svi. n rug, ilout 
Chilioiis, pi. niillimry wares 
Chili'onner, va to rumple, tumble 
Cliiffonnier, e. *. a rag-picker 
( \\\X\ui\\\\exe.^sf.lady's work-bag 
CI I in re, sm. cipher, figure, n 
nuuiber.—Mw z6ro en cLillie, 
an insigvifcunt man 
Chifiiei, va. to* ca£t vp; * write 

in cij'hers 
Ciiirt'itur, sm. an accomptant 
Cliignon, the nape of the neck, 

hind curl 
Cliiniere, sf. chimera, idle fancy 
Chinierique, 2. a. chimerical, 

Cliiniferiquemrnt, ad. — rically 
Cliiniie, ,e/. chymistry 
Cl)iniique, 2. a. chymical 
Chimisle, sm. a chymist 
Cliioiirnio, sf- a galley's crew 
Cliipotor, vnto piddle; trifle 
Ciiipotitr, e. s. piddler, trifltr 
Cliiquenaude, sf. a fillip 
Chiqnet, sm. a bit 
Chirograpliaire, written undci 

the disposer's own hand 
Chironiancie, sf. palmistry 
Chironiancien, ne. s. — manccr 
Chirurgical, e. a. —cal 
Chirurgic. sf. surgery 
Chinirgien, sm. a surgeon 
Chirnrgique, 2. —gical 
Chmrti, sf. flies' dung 
Choc, sm. shock; dashing; on- 
set, clashing 
Chocailler, vn, to tipple 
Chocaillon, sf. fuddling gossip 
Chocolat, sill, chocoleitc 
Chocolatier, one who keeps a 
chocoliite-kouse, chocolate-ma 
ker, or sell'r 
Chocolnliere, sf. chocolate-pot 
ChoBur, 5771 choir, chorus 
Choir, rTi. to * fail [elect 

Choisir, vei. io*choose,*piek out, 
Choi.T, sm. choice, option 
Chomable, 2. a. to be kept as a 

Chftmage, sm. respite, rest 
Cboiner, r to* keep holiday, to 

wnvt work, rest from work 
Chopiiie, sf. FYench half-pint^ 
English pint 





Chopiner, r«. to tipple 
Clioquaiii, e. a. thocldtig; ojj'cv- 

(.ijoquer, V. to * shocks offnid, * 

dash.* clash, to * touch glasses 
Se — , vr. Lo ■" take o*Jcnce, abuse 

one another, * clash, * strike, 

Clioi ibte, sm. churisV r 
Ciiorogtaphie, sf. — phy 
Chorogiaphique, 2. a. — phical 
Chorus, laire chorus, lo * sing 

together, * make chorus 
ChO!;e, 5/. thing 
Chou, sm. cabbage; cole-wort; 

puff paste 
Chou-fleur, cauliflower 
Choucas, STO. a jackdaw 
Chouette, sf. screech-owl; langh- 

ing-sU)ck; play of one person 

against two 
Chouquet, sm. moor^s head 
Choyer, va. to cocker; to * take 

great care of 
Chreme, sm. chrism 
Chremeai, chri.'sm cloth 
Chr6lien, ne. a. s. christian 
Chr6tiennement, ad. christianly 
Chretient6, sf. Christendom 
Christiatiisriie, chri.'-tianity 
Chroniaiique, 2. a. sf. —tic 
Clironique, sf. Hironicle 

, 2. a. chronical 

Clironi«iueur, sm. a writer of 

Chroiiogranime, — gram 
Chrouolofiie, sf. — logy 
Clin)nologique,2. a —gicil 
Chronologiste, sm. —gist 
CJironoIogue, — logcr 
Chrysalide, .«/. rhry.orlis 
Chrj'socolle, chrysocol, lorux 
Chrysolite, —Uie 
Chu, part, fallen down [row 

Cliuchet^r, vn. to pip as a ?par- 
CliiichotK^r. vn. to whisper 
Chucholteric, .?/. whispering 
Cliuchoteiir. ge. .•?. whisperer 
Chiitl int. hufh! 
Cliiite, sf. fall, cisnsler, cadevre. 
— I^a chute cles feuilles, av- 
tunln.— line chute d'liumeuis, 
a drflvriov 
Cl5y|p, sm. the chyle 

Chymie, &c. vid. Chiniie, &c. 

Ci, ud. hire 

(-i-devaut, heretofore 

Ci-fipics, hereafter 

Ci-desi;ous, under here 

C i-dcssus, aforesaid 

Cilioire, sm. a pyx, box, cvp 

Ciboule, .<r/. scullion, chibbot 

Cibouloite, chives 

Cicatrice, a scar 

Cicatricule, little scar 

Cicatriser, va. cicatrize, gash 

Cicero, pica, (printing type) 

Cid, sm. an Arabian chief 

Cidre, cider 

Ciel, sm. sky, heaven, canopy 

Ciel de lit, tester, top of a bed 

Des ciels de lit; bed testers 

Cierge, sm. a wax taper 

Cieux, sm. pi. ciel for its singw 
lar, heavens 

C\ga]e,sf. chirping kind of grass- 

- — de mer, a kind of sea craw- 

Cigogne, sf. a stork 

Cigogneau, sf. a young stork 

Cigue, sf. hemlock 

Cii, sm. eyelashes 

Cilice, sm. hair-cloth 

Ciilcnieiit, twinkling of the eyes 

Ciller, va. to twinkle, wink 

Cinie, sf. the top, ridge, height 

Ciinent, sm. ennent, union 

Cinieuter, va. to cement 

CiiTi(;iitier, sw/. cernent-viukir 

Cinietcrre, a civut(r 

Cimetiere, a churchyard 

Cimier, crest, buttock 

Ciniier do ceif, haunch of veni- 

Ciiijilire, cinnabar; red lead 

Cintraire, (unie,) sf. urn in- 
clvdivg aihts 

Cin^ratioii, —tion 

i "inglnge, .'.•7;/ . .ship's envrst ; Insh 

Cingler, vn to fail bifvre the 
icind, lo In.'^h, * cut 

Ciminiiionie, .-m. cinnamon 
Cir.q, a svi.fv 

Cinquaiilaiue, sf. fifty 

Ciiiquniile. 2 a J fly 
Citiquaiitenicr, svi. nnimandei 
of fifty nun 

Ciiiqu'ailtitfne 2. a. fiftieth 

Cinquitnio, 2. a. sm. fifth 

denier, fottr shillings in 

the pound 
Ciiiquiemtmeiit, ad. fifthly 
Cintrage, S7n. the cords which ei- 

titer encircle or tie a ship 
Cititre, an arch, centre 
Cintrer, va. to * make arch-wise 
Cippe, .^»i. cippus 
Ciragc, waxing 
Circoiiciif, va. to circumcise 
Circoncist iir, sm. eircumciser 
Circoncit-ion, sf. circumcision 
Ciconfereiice, circumference 
Circonf1exe,2. a. circumflex [tion 
Circoiik (, sf. circumlocu- 
Circoiigcriptioii, circumscription 
Circonf-criie, ra. to circumscribe 
Circonspect, e- a. circumspect 
Circonspection, sf. circumspec- 
Circonslance, circumstance 
Circonstanccs, & dependences, 

Circonstancicr, va. to relate a 

thing with its' circumstances 
Circonvallation, sf. circumvalla- 

Circoiivenir, va. lo circumvent^ 

Circonvention, .«•/. deceit 
Circor.Yoisin, e. a. neighbouring 
Circonvolution, sf. circumvolu- 
Circuit, sm. circuit, ambit; dis- 
trict, con'pass 
( iiculaire, 2. a. circular; round 
Ciirulairf n;eiU, ad. circularly 
Circulateur, sm. —tor 
Ciiculaticin, .</. —tion 
Cirriilalniie, 2. a. —latory 
Circulcr, vn. to circulate 
Cire, s/. wax, sunt, seal; shoe- 

— 6' V^i^i^we, sealing wax 
Cirer, ru. to wax 
Ciricr, sm waxchnrdler 
Ciron, II handuorvi; little blister 
Ciiure, .</ wax jlnstcring 
Ciiqiie, svi. cirevs 
( iiuie, tf. waxing 
CiFjiillit, * I lip, * shear 
CisnilUg, ,sf. ,«/iffl7vf, clippings 
Cita'f inr,«.j,7J ihi."- ."ide the Alps 
Cif(nu,.<;wi. cAiVf/. graver 



Ciseaus, pi. scissors 
Ciseler, va. to chase, curve 
Ciselet, sm. a graver 
Ciseleur, chaser, pinker 
Ciselure, sf. chasing, carxir.g 
Citadelle, a citadel 
Citadin, e. a. s. citizen 
Citation, sf. —tion, summons 
Cit6, a city, a totrn 
Citer, va. cite, quote, summon, 

Ciierieur, e. a. citerior; hither 
theme, sf. a cistern 
Ciiise, sm. citisus 
Citoyen, tie. s. a citizen 
Citriii, e. a. lemon-coloured 
Citron, sm. citron, lemon 
Citronnat, candied orange, or 

Citronre, e. a. that has the taste 

(f lemon 
Ciuonnelle, sf balm gentle 
Citronnier, sm. a lemon-tree 
Citrouillc, sf. pumpion, gourd 
Cive, kind of onion 
Civet, sm. hare-ragoo 
Civierc, a hand-barrow 
Civil, e. a. civtl, udl-bred 
Civilement, ad. civilly, kindly 
Civilisation, sf. — lation 
Civiliser, ra. to civilize 
Civility, sf. civility, courtesy 
Civi]it6s, pi. respects 
Civique, a. f. civic 
Clabaud, 5m. liar; noisy fellow 
Clabaudage, barking of dogs 
Ciabauder, vn. to bark; bawl 
Clabauderie, sf. clamour 
Clabaudeur, se. s. noisy man, or 

woman, a bawler 
Claie, sf. a hurdle 
Clair, e. a. clear; light; thin; 

bright; plain 
, ad. clearly; plainly; clear; 


; 577!. shi7ie, light 

de lune, moonshine 

Clairement, ad. clearly; plainly 
"lairet, te. a. reddish ' 
Claire-voie, sf. rails in a park 
Clairiere, glade in a wood 
Clairon, sm. clarion 
Clair-sein6, e. a. thin sown; thin, 



Clair-voyance, sf. sagacity; pc- 

Clair-voyant, e. a- clear-si<;hted 
Clameui, sf. clanwvr, outcry 

de haio, citation before the 

Clan, 5771. a tribe (in Scotland) 
Clandestln, e. a. clandestine 
Clar.destinement, ad. — nely 
Ci'andestinite, sf. privacy 
Clapet, sm. the sucker of a pump 
Clapier, covey-burrow; rabbit; 

a tame rabbit 
Clapir, vn. to squeak 
Be — , vr. to * lie squat 
Claque, sf. afap, clog 
Claquedent, nn. a half starved 

wretch, chatterer 
Claquement, clapping, chatter- 
Claquemurer, va. to * put in 

Claqueoreille, svi.fapt hat 
Claquer, vn. to * clap, * snap; 

Claquet, 5771. mill-clapper; chat 
Clarification, sf. clarifying 
Clarifier, va. to clarify 
Se — , vr. to * grow clear 
Cl.^rine, sf. a bell for the neck 

of animals 
Clarinette, clarinet 
Clarie, clearness; light; splen- 
Cias. sm. knell; passing bell 
Classe, sf. class; order; form; 

Classeuient, 5771. disposition, or- 
Classer, va to dispose, to levy 
Classique, 2. a. classic 
Claude, a. foolish, simple 
Claudication, sf. lameness 
Claveau, sm the rot, scab 
Clavel6c, sf. th^ scab 
Clavel^, e. a. scabby 
Clavessin, ou Clavecin, sm. 

Clavette, sf. a key; peg 
Clavicule, the collar-bone 
Clavier, sm. a key-chain; the 

keys of an organ, iSc. 
Clause, sf. clause, proviso 
Claustral, e. a. claustrul; mo- 


Clayon, sm. Utile hurdle 
Clayonage, a fence made with 

hurdles and turfs 
Cle, clef. sf. a key, cltf 
Clemence, clemency 
Clement, e. a. clement 
Clementines, sf. pi. the consti 

tvticn ef Pope Clement V. 
Ckpsydre, «7i hour-glass 
Clerc, sm. chrk, clergyman 
Cleige, chrry, churehman 
Clerical, e. a. clerical 
Ciericalemcnt, ad. clergyman- 
C16ricature, sf, clerkship; state 

of a clergyman 
Client, e. s. a client 
Clientele, sf. protection, patron 

Cli^mment, stti. winking 
Cliiincmussette, sf. hide and seek 
Cijgner les yeux, va. to wink 
Clignotciteiit, sm. winking 
Clignoter, vn. to wink often 
Climat, 5177. climate, clime 
Climaterique, 2. a. clii.iacterie 
Clin d'oeil, sm. the twinkling oj 

an eye 
Clincaille, sf. hard-ware; bast 

Clincaillerie, iron-ware 
Clincaillier, e. .s. ironmonger 
Clinquant, sm. tinsel 
Clique, 5/. gang, party 
Ciiqueter, vn. to dark 
Cliquetis, sm. clashing ff swords 
Cliquettes, 5/. snoppen; clapper 
Clissc, little hurdle; splint 
CVisi-or, va. to * make hurdles; 

Cloaque, sm. common sewer; f I 

thy place 
Cloche, sf. a bell, blister, stevf 

Cinchement, sw. hopping 
Clocher, sleeplc; parish 

, vn. to limp, hobble 

Clochetle, sf. hand-bell, bell- 
Cloison, partition 
Cloifonage, sm partition-work 
Cloitre, a cloister 
Cloitrer, va. to cloister up; im- 
Cloitrier, sm. claustral monk 





Clopin-colpat, ad. hohlUng a- 

Clopiner, va. to hobble along 
Cloporte, sm. a woodlouse 
Cloporteux, se. a. very rough 
Clorre, va. to enclose^ close 
Clos, sm. a close 

, e. a. closed, close, shvt 

Closeau, sin. small close 
Clossemont, clucking 
Closser, vn. to cluck 
Cloture, sf. an enclosure 
Clou, sjn. nail; a bile; clove; stud 
Clous de giiotie, cloccs 
Clou a crochet, tcntcr-kook 
Ciouer, va. to nail 
Cloutcr, va. to stud 
Clouterie, sf. nail trade 
Cloutier, sm. a nailer 
CJouliere, sf. nail mould 
Club, sm. a club, society 
Clubiste, member of a club 
Clystere, a clyster 
Coaccus6, accused with, one or 

several persons 
Coacervation, sf. — tion 
Coactif, ve. a. coercive 
Coaction, sf. coercion 
Coadjuteur, sm. a coadjutor 
Coadjulorerie, sf. —torship 
Coadjutrice, coadjutrix 
Coagulation, a. congealing 
Coaguler, va. coagulate, curd 
Cobalt, sm. cobalt 
Cocagne, sm. pays de cocagne, 

a land of milk and honey 
Cocarde, sf. cockade 
Cocasse, 2. a. odd, comical 
Cocatrix, sm. cockatrice 
Cochc, sm. caravan, large coach 

d'eau, a passage-boat 

, sf. notch, old sow; fat ill- 
shaped icoman 
Cocheinar, sm. night-mare 
Cochenille, sf. cochineal 
Cochenillier, sm cochineal tree 
Cocher, a coachman 
Cocher, va. to * tread 
Cochet, sm. a cockerel 
Cochon, a hog, a pig 

d'inde, sm. guinea-pig 

Cochonnee, */. litter of pigs 
Cochoiiner, vn. to furrow j 

Coclionnerie, sf. Jilthiness I 

Cochonnct, stn. jack at bowls \ 

Coco, cocoa 

Cocon, the cod of a silk- worm 
Cocotier, a cocoa-tree 
Coctioii, sf. coction, digestion 
Cocu, sm. cuckold 
Cocuage, cuckoldom 
Cocufier, va. to horvify 
Code, sm. code, codrz 
Codecimaieur, partner in tithes 
Codiciliaire, 2. a. contained in a 

Codicille, sm. codicil 
Codille (gagiier,) vn. to icin 
Codonataire, 2. a. he or she to 
whom a thing is given jointly 
with another person 
Co-6iat, sm. divided ■sovereignty 
t^oegal, e. a. co-equal 
Coercitif, ve. a. coercive 
Co6rcition, sf. coercion 
Coeternel, le. a. co-eternal 
Coeteriiite, sf. —nity 
Coeveque, sm. co-bishop 
Coeur, the heart; courage 
Coexistence, sf. —ce 
Coexister, vn. to co-exist 
Coffin, sm. small neat basket 
Coft're, sm. chest, trunk, box, cof- 
fer, coffin, belly of a lute 

fort, strong box 

Coffrer, va. to * put in gaol 
C'oft'ret, sf. a little chest; trunk 
Coffretior, a trunk-maker 
Cognasse, sf. wild rjuince 
Cognassier, sm. quince-tree 
Cognat, kinsman 
Cognation, sf. — tion, kindred 
Cogne-fetu, sm. a trijlcr 
Cognee, sf. a hatchet, axe 
Cogner, va. to * drive in, beat, 

Cohabitation, sf. — tion 
Cohabiter, vn. to cohabit 
Coherence, sf. coherence 
Colv'-ent, e. a. united 
Coheritier,e.s. co-Aerr, co-heiress 
Cohesion, sf. cohesion 
Cohober, va. to thicken, forti- 
Cohorte, sf. cohort, company 
Cohue, a rout, crowd 
Coi, e. a- still, quiet 
Coiffe, sf. coif, hood 

— de nuit, night-cap 

— d'une perruque, &c. caul 

Colffc de chapeau,Z27i87i^ of a hat 
Cuiiter, va. to dress one's head; 

* stop a bottle 
Se coiOcr de, vr. to * be fondly 
attached to 

Se , to * get drunk 

^e de quclqu'uii d'une opi- 
nion, to * be prepossessed for 
somebody, an. opinion 
Coi&ur, se. s. milliner; hair- 
Coifture, sf. a head-dress 
(-'bin, sm. corner, wedge, coins, 
die; lock of a wig; clock of a 
Coincidence, sf. coincidence 
Coincider, vn. to coincide 
Coing, sm. a quince 
Col, ou con, neck; defile; strait 

, a stock 

Colere,s/. anger, wrath, passion^ 
e holer 

, 2. a. passionate 

Coleret, sm. sort of net 
Colerique, 2. a. choleric 
Colibri, sm. hummingbird 
Coliticht't, gewgaw toy 
Colin-maillard, blindman's but 
Colique, .■?/. a colic 
Colisee, sm. colisamm 
Collateral, e. a. — ral 
Collateur, sm. —tor, patron 
Collatif, ve. a. —tive 
Collation, sf. — tion, advowson 
, eiftemuon's luncheon, tea- 
Collationiicr, va. to collate 
— , to * eat between dinner and 

supper, to * drink tea 
Colle, sf. paste, glue, size 

de poisson, isinglass 

(bourde) sham 

Collecti!, collect,, gathering 
Collecteur, sm. a collector 
Collectif, a. s. in. collective 
Collection, sf. — tion 
Colk'ctivt'nient, ad. —vely 
C'-'l legal aire, a. s. collegatory 
College, sm. college 
Collegial, e. a. cullegiate 
Colleguc, sm. colleague, fellow 
Coller, va. to paste, glue 

du vin, to clarify wine with 

Se , vr. to lie close, cake 





Collerettc, sf. uomuii'd ncck- 

Collet, sm. coilar; ^nare; neck 
of lilt at 

, ciipt; vcck; hand; gin 

Collct-iiioiiie, ujjcct' d 
Colleter, va- to collar; * sttaritis 
Collier, sm. necklace.^ collar 
CoUiger, vn. to collect, infer 
Colliiie, .-/. a hUl 
Collisioii, —nion 
Collocaiioii, — lion 
VoWoque, sm.colluquy,conf/rcnce 
Colloquer, va. to place in orUtr 
Colluder, vn. to collude, juggle 
Collusion, )ff. juggling 
Collusoire, 2. a. —tory 
Collusoiiemeiit, ad. —sorily 
Collyro, sm. — nam, eye-salve 
Colombage, row of pillars 
Colon] be, sf. a dove 
Colombier, sm. a dove-house 
Coloinbin, e. u. columbine 
Colon, sm. a planter^ colore 
Colonel, a colonel 
Colonelle, sf. the colonel's com- 
Colonic, a colony, plantation 
Colonode, colon adc 
Colonne, a column, pillar 
Colonaesd'un lit. bed-^o.-^ts 
Colopbane, rosin, hard rosin 
Coloijuinte, coloquintida 
Colorer, va. to colour; dye, dis- 
guise., cloke 
Colorier, to varnish 
Colori:;, sm. colouring, complex- 
Coloristo, a culourist 
Colos.*al, o. a gigantic 
( 'olo.'^se, sm cohijsu.t 
Colportage, hairJur's trade 
C'r)iiK)rttT, ha. to hatck acout 
<'<!|jM)rteiir, sm a hiicktr 
Coliire, coluri, colure 
< 'on)a, comma 

Coinatiux, se. a. soporifcrou-f 
Combat, sin. a fght. battle 
ConibatiaiU, a coi/tliaUtmt 
C(jnibatlre, v. to * fght, combat, 

oppugn, contnid iciih 
Conibieis, ad. how much; how 

— , sm. price 
— — que, altliovgh 

I Combinaison, sf. combination 
Combiner, va. to combine 
Comble, 2. a. heaped 
Comble, sm. the top,luigh.t, tim- 
ber-work of a roof 
Cciiibleau, cordage of a cannon 
Combler, va. heap up; load one; 

Comblette, sf. cleft, or parting 

in a stag's fool 
Cc.nibriert, a large net 
Combuger des fuiailles, va. soak 

a cask 
Combustible, 2. a. —ble 
Combustion, sf. —tion, tumults 
Couiedie, a play; play-house; 

shamming; sport 
Comedien, sm. an actor; dissem- 
Com6dipnne, sf. actress 
Comestible, 2. a. eatable, s. eat- 
Comete, sf. a comet 
Cornices, sm. pi. comitia 
Coinique, 2. a. comical 
Comiquement, ad. comically 
Comite, s?n. officer of a galley 
Comiie, a committee 
Comitial, e. a. comilial 
Connnandant, sm. commander 
C()mmandement,co7nwta7td; com- 
Commander, va. to command, 

order, * bid, * bespeak 
Commanderie, sf. commandery 
Conmiandeur, sm. commander 

of an order 
Commariuiie, (societe on,) sleep- 
ing partmr.'^hip 
Cfimme, ad. as, like, almost 

v.. as, whereas 

Comniomoiation, sf. —tion 
( <imm<'i:canl, e. s. beginner 
(.'ommencemiMit, sm. beginning 
( ommencer, v. to * begin 
Commendataire, a. sm —tory 
ConiPitnde, sf. commcndam 
Ciimmt;nsal, a. m. messmate, 

eating at the sujne tahle 
Commensalilt, tf. —lily, fd- 

loicship of table 
Commensurabilite, —Hty 
Commensuiable, 2. a. —ble 
Commnil, ad. how, why 
Conuncntaire, sm. comment 

Commentaieur, — tutor 

Commenter, va. to comment, to 

Commer, va. to * make compari- 

Commcrf able, 2. a. negociaile, 
commercial.— BiUei coumier- 
cable, a good, a safe bill 

Comuiercant, e. truaing 

Commercant, sm. trader, mer- 

Commerce, sm. — ce; trade; iw 

Commercer, vn. to trade 

Commercial, e. a. cial 

Commere, sf. a gossip 

Commettant, sm. trustee; consti 

Commettrc, va. to commit; cp 
point; expose 

Se , expose, or venture one's 


Ciimmination, sf. threatening 

Coniminaloire, 2. a. —tory ; 

Comuiis, sm. clerk, deputy, com- 

Connnise, sf. forfeiture 

Commiseration, — tion, pity 

Conuiiissaire, sm. commissary; 
commissioner; overseer 

— de guerre, mnsttr-master 

— de police, justice of Uie peace 
Commission, sf. commission; 

mess age 

Commissionaire, sm. factor; an 
errand mShi 

Commodai, loan 

Commode. 2. a. commodious; con 
renient; good natured {era 

— , sf. a commode; chest of draw- 

Conuiiodement, ad. convcnitnt- 
iy; comfortably 

C<inmn)due, sf conreniency 

Commodites, pi. the iieccssary 

, d'une maison, accommoda- 

Commotion, sf. commotion 

Conanuer, va. to commute; mi- 

Con.mun, e. a. common; usual; 
ntrc.n; public 

Conununaute, sf. community; 

Ccmmune, */. corporation 





Doramunes, inhubituvis of vil- 
lages; covivwn pasture; the 
house of commons 
Coiiumiiienieiit, ad. coninwvly 
— pailaMt, gcnirally speaking 
Cfmiiuuniftii!, e. s. communicant 
Comhiiinicable, 2. a. —Lit; easy 

of access 
CoiiiiJiuiiicatif, ve. a. —live 
Coriiimiiiication, .<;/. —tion; in- 
tercourse; sociity 
CoirniKUiier, r. to receive, or ad- 

viivi^tcr the sacrament 
Coniiiiunion, sf. — nion; fcllotc- 

ekip; the Lord" s supper 
Comiminiqucr, va. to communi- 
cate; to* have correspondence; 
to produce 
Se — , V. a. to * be sociable 
Commutatif, ve. a- —tive 
Commulaiion, sf. —tion 
Compacite, closeness 
Conipacte, 2. a. compact, close 
Compagne, sf. a female compan- 
ion; consort 
Compagnie, company 
Compagiion, sm. companion; 
journeyman; fellow; partner 
Compagnnnnge, jourveymanship 
Comparable, 2. a. —ble; like 
Comparaison, sf. comparison 
Comparaiit, e. a. s. appearing 
Comparaiif, vc. a. — live 
Comparaiivement, ad. — lively 
Comparer,»a. to compare; confer 
Se — a, to vie with 
Coniparoir, vn. to* make one's 

Coiiiparoitre, to* make one's ap- 
roriipaitiment, sm. compart- 
ment; plot in a garden 
Compartir, va. to cornpnrt 
Conipartiteur, sm. —titor 
Comparulion, sf. appearance 
Compas, sm. compasses 

de cordoimior, sin 

dn nicr, compass 

de proportion, sector 

Coinpasstniont, the measuring 

with cornpa-'ises 
Compasser, va. to measure; to 

proportion; order well 
Coniim>F€k, e. a. starched; for- 
ma'.; affrctcd 

Compassion, sf. compassion; i 

Compatibility, — lity 
Compatible, 2. a. —bU \ 

Compaiir, vn. to commiserate ; 
suit; * bear with [ate 

Compatissaiit, e. a. compassion- 
Compatriote, 2. s. one's country- 
man, or country-woman 
Compendium, sm. — dium 
Compensation, sf. —tion 
Compenser, va. to compensate 
Comp^rage, sm. the being god- 
father or god-mother 
Comptre, a gossip, jovial fel- 
low; arch-blade 
Ccmp6teniment, ad. competent- 
ly; enough 
Competence, sf. competence; 

competition; jurisdiction 
Comp6tent, e. a. competcrit; jit 
Computer, vn. to belong 
Comjietiteur, sm. competitor; 

Competitrice, sf. —titrix: rival 
Compilateur, sm. compiler 
Compilation, sf. —tion 
Compiler, va. to con)pile; collect 
Compitales, sf.pL Roman feasts 
in honour of the domestic gods 
Complaignant, e. s. plaintiff 
Complainte, .if. complaint 
Complaire, vn. to please; to hu- 
Se — , vr. to delight in; solace 

one's self 
Complaisance, sf. —sance; com- 
Complaisant, e. a. s. — sant; ci- 
vil; iin complaisant, a flatterer 
Complant, sm. vineyard [Src. 
Comi)lanter, va. to plant vines, 
Complement, sm. —ment 
Complel, e. a. complete, perfect 

, sm. ciimplctencss 

Completement, ad. — tely 
(onipl^ier, va. to complete 
rVnnplexe, 2. a. complex 
Complexion, .of. — jion; consti- 
tution; temper; huwottr 
Con)pUxionn6, e. a. tempered 

(ill 07- well) 
Coniplicntion, sf. — tion 
Complice, 2. a. s. complice; ac 

Complicite, sf. the being an ac- 
Complies, evening prayers 
Compliment, sm. — ment; cere- 
Coniplimentaire, frst partner 

in a trading society 
Complimenter, va. to compli- 
went; to Jiutitr [wcnter 

Complinieiiteur, se. s. compli- 
Complique, e. a. complicate 
Complol, sm. a pht; con.^piracy 
Compioter, v. to plot; conspire 
CompoDction, sf. remorse 
C'omportement, sm. demeanour 
Comporter, va. to allow of,* bear 
Se — , va. to behave; act 
Compos6, sm. a compound, o. iin 
air con)pose, a sedate counte- 
Composer, va. to compose; to 

Composer des almanacs, to * be 
star-gazing [looks 

Se composer, vr. to fashion one's 
Composeur, sm. a paltry writer 
Composite, 2. a. composite 
Compositeur, sm. a composer {in 

music;) a compositor 
Composition, sf. composition, 

Composteur,sm. a composing or 

setting stick 
Compote, sf. slewed fr-uit, <S-c. 
Comprehensible, 2. a.— ble 
Comprehension, sf. —sion 
Comprendre, ra. to comprehend 
Comprcsse, sf. rontprrss, bolster 
Com jiressibi lilt, cvniprcssurc 
Compressible, 2. a. —ble 
Compression, sf. —sion, pressure 
Comprimer, va to compi-ess 
Compromettre, v. to compromise, 

to expose 
Compromis, sm. compromise 
Comptable, 2. a. s. accountable 
Comptant, aigenl, comptant, 

Compte, sm. account; value 
Compte borgne, odd money; 
suspicious oicount 

rond, eveii niovry 

Conipter, va. lo count, settle ac- 
counts ; charge; purpose; 
reckon; value 





Compter, en. to dcpena on 
L'oiiipieur, sni. accoiaptant 
Comptoir, counter; counting- 

liu use; factory; bar of a p^- 

Lc house 
Coiijpuiritr, ca. to compel 
l.'oiUi*u!s,iiiu, sm. a warraiU 
Coiiipal, computation of tune 
Couipuiiblo, — list 
Couile, s.n. a count, an earl 
Couile, county, earldom 
Ccraut'sse, sf. a countess 
Coiicasicr, oa. to pound 
Concave, -2. a. sm. concave 
Coiicavite, sf. coHcaciiy 
Coiiceder, ca. to grant, yield 
Coaceiilratioii, sf. — tion 
CouceiitrtT, ca. to concenter 
Concenl(i(iue, «. a. — trie 
Conce])liuii, sf. —tion; breedimr; 

Concluanl, e. a. concluding; 

Couclurre, va. to conclude; in- 
fer; C'incince 
Coiiclusion, sf. —sion; issue 

ad. in short; Ic conclude 

Conclusions, pi. demands; opin- 
, Concoction, sf. —tion 
. Concoaibre, sm. cucumber 
I Concomitance, ,«/. —tance 
I Concomitant, e. a. —taut 
I Concordance, sf. agreement; con- 
I cor dance 

I Concordant, e. a. — dant 
I Concordat, sm. concordate; com- 
j pact; agreement 
Concorde, sf. concord; union 
I Concourir, vn. to concur; to * 

put in for 
une'conceplion louide, a dui/lConcours, sm. concurrence; con- 
genius } course 
Concernant, pr. concerning Concret, e. a. concrete 
Conccrner, va. to relate to; con- 1 Concretion, sf. — tion 
cern I Concubine, kept mistress 

Concert, 5771. concert; consent 
Concerter, va. to concert; try 
Concerte, e. a. starched; affect- 
Concession, sf. a grant 
Concession naire, sm. a grantee 
Concetti, sm. false wit 
Conceviri»le, -. a. conceivable 
Concevoir, va. to conceive; to * 

breed; to Word 
ConclR', sf. garb; state 
Conchyliologic, sf. —gy; con- 
cern mg skills 
Concierge, '2. s. housekeeper of a 

palace; keeper of a prison 
Conciergerie, sf. a keeper's place 
Conciie, sm. council 
Conciliabule, concenliclc 
Conciliant, e. a. reconciling 
Conciliatt ur, rice. s. reconciler 
Conciliation, .«/. reconcilement 
Concilier, va. 10 reconcile; gain 
Concis, e. a. conci-^e, short 
Concision, ,*/. conciseness 
Conciloyon, sm. ftllow-citizen; 

countryman; comburgess 
Conclaniation, sf. —tion 
Conclave, sm. conclave 
Conclaviste, attendant on a car- 
dinal during a conclave 

Concupiscence, —cence, lust 
Concupiscible, 2. a. —ble 
Concurreinnient, ad. in competi- 
tion; jointly 
Concurrence, sf. —ce; competi- 
tion [val 
Concurrent, e. 5. competitor; ri- 
Concnssion, sf. exaction 
Concussionnaire, sm. exactor 
Condamnable, 2. a. condcmnablc 
Condainnalion,^/. condemnation 
Condainner, va. to condemn; to 

Condensation, sf. — tion 
Condenser, va. to condense 
Condescendance, sf. —dcnce 
Coniiescendant, e. a. —ding 
Condescendre, vn. to condescend, 

to * bear with 
Condisciple, sm. school-fellow 
Condition, sf. — tion; service; 

Condilionn6, e. a. merchantable 
Conditionnel, le. conditional 
Conditionneilement, ad. condi- 
Conditionner, va. to article; to 

* make well 
Condol6ance, sf. condolence 
iCoodouloir, vn. to condole 

Conducteur, sm. conductor ; 

guide; tutor 
Conductricc, 5/. conductress 
Conduire, va. to conduct; steer; 

* drive; convey 
Se conduire, vr. to behove 
Conduit, sm. a conuuit pipe 
— do la respiration, icind-pipe 
Conduitc',*/. conduct; behaviour; 

Cojidyle, sm. a prominence of 

the articulations 
Cone, a cone 
Conlabulateur, tale-teller 
Conlabulation, sf. — lion 
Contabuler, vn. to confabulate 
Confection,*/, an electuary 
Coniederaliou, confederacy 
Se contoderer, vr. to confederate 
Contederos, confede^rateSy 

Conference, sf. — rence; com 

Conferer, v. to confer, admit 
Conteiise, sf. confession 
Coufesser, va. to confess; own 

Se , vr. to confess to a priest 

Contesseur, sm. confesscrr 
Confession, sf. confession 
Contessioaal, sm. confessional 
Contiance, sf. confidence; trust 
Contiant, e. o. sanguine; eonfi 

Contidemment, ad. confidently 
Contidence, sf. trusting; inti 

Contident, e. s. a confidant 
Contidentiaire, sm. who holds ir 

Conlier, va. to intrust 
Se — , vr. to confide in 
Contiguration, sf. —tion 
Con liner, va. to confine; border 

CouJins, sm. pi. confines 
Contire, va. to preserve, pickle 

unc peau, to dress a skin 

Contirmatit", ve. a. confirmatory 
Contiiniation, sf. —linn 
t'ontirmer, va. to confirm 

Se , vr. to strengthen ane't 

self; to * be confirmed 
Conliscable, 2. a. —ble; forfeit 
able [ure 

Coiifiscant, e. a,, liable to forfeit- 

Confiscaiion, sf. — tion, forfeit- 
Coufiseur, sm. confectioner 
Confisquer, va. to confiscate 
Confitures, sf. pi. conjits, sweet- 
Contiturier, sm. confectioner 
Conflagration, sf. —tton 
Conrtit, sin. contention, conflict 
Confluent, conflux, confluence 
Confoiidre, va. to confound 
Confirmation, sf. —tion 
Conforme, ii. a. conformable 
Conrorniement, ad. conformably 
Conforiner, va- to conform 
Contbrniiste, 2. s. conformist 
Conformite, sf. — mity, union, 

Contort, sm. comfort, aid 
Conlbrtatif, vc. a. corroborative; 

Confortation, sf. corroboration 
Conforter, va. to invigorate 
Confraternite, ContVerie, sf. 

brolkerliood; society 
Confr6re, sm. brotker, fellow 
Confrontation, sf. confronting, 

ContVonter, va. to confront, to 

Conlud, e. a. confused, out of 

Confus6nient, ad. confusedly 
Confusion, sf. confusion; super- 
abundance; disorder; skame 
Confutation, sf. — tion 
Con;|i;, leave; discharge; warn- 
ing; play-day 
Congtdier, va. to dismiss 
Congelation, sf. —tion 
Congeler, va. to congeal; * freeze 
Coni^ostion, sf. —tion, mass 
Conglutination, —tion 
Conglutinor, va. to glue 
Congratulation, sf. — tion 
Congralnler, va. to congratulate 
Congrc, sm. a conger 
Congreganiste, a person belong- 
ing to a congregation 
Congregation, sf. —tion 

dfs lideles, the universal 

Congres, sm. congress 
Congru, e. a. congruous; compe- 


Congiuement, ad. exactly 
Congruent, e. a. congruent 
Congruite, sf. congruity 
Conjectural, e. a. — ral 
Conjecturalement, ad. by guess 
Conjecture, sf. conjecture, guess 
Conjecturer, va. to conjecture 
Conjectureur, sm. conjecturer 
Conifere, 'I. a. coniferous 
Conjoindre, va. to conjoin 
Conjoints, sm. pi. husband and 

wife (in law) 
Conjointemcnt, ad. jointly 
Conjonctif, ve. a. conjunctive 
Conjonction, sf. conjunction 
Conjonctive, a conjunction 
Con^oixcinre, juncture 
Conjonissancc, congratulation 
Conique, 2. a. conical 
Conjugaison, sf. conjugation 
Conjugal, e. a. conjugal 
Conjngalement, ad. —gaily 
Conjuguer, va. to conjugate 
Conjurateur, sm. con.-<pirator, 


Conjuration, sf. — tion, conspi- 
Conjurations, pi. entreaties 
Coiijuriis, conspirators 
Conjurer, va. to conspire; to 

conjure; to entreat 
Connctable, sm. a constable 

, sf. constable's wife 

Connctablie, constable's juris- 
Connexe, 2. a. connected 
Connfixion, sf. connexion 
Connexilo, connexion, relation 
Connil, sm. a coney, rabbit 
Coiiniller, vn. to shift; to play 

Connivence, sf. connivance 
Conniver, vn. to connive at; * 

wink at 
Connoissable, 2. a. knowable 
Connoissance, af. knowledge, 
cognizance, acquaintance; 
Co;inoi!5sances, pi. learning 
Connoisseincnt, sm. bill of lad- 
Connoisseur, se. s. connoisseur 
Connoitre, va. lo*know,account; 

* take cognizance of 
Conque sf. a conch, shell 



Conque marine, trumpet 
Conqu6rant, sm. a conqueror 
Conquerir, va. to conquer; svA 

Conquele, sf. conquest 
Consacrant, a. sm. a bishop who 
ordains a person named to a 
biihoprick; a priest who says 
Consacrer, va. to consecrate; to 

devote; adopt; ordain 
Se consacrer, vr. to devote one's 

Consanguin, sm. brother on the 

father's side 
Consanguinite, sf. — nity 
Conscience, conscience 
Consciencieusement, conscienti- 
Consciencieux, se. a. conscien- 
Consecratenr, sm. — crator 
Consecration, sf. — tion 
Consiiculif, ve. a. — tiv 
Conseculivement, ad. —tively 
Conseil, sm. counsel; council; 

resolution; advice 
Conseiller, e. s. counsellor; ad- 
Conseiller, va. to counsel, advise 
Consentant, e. a. consenting 
Consontement, sm. consent 
Consentir, vn. to consent 
Conso(iuennnent,rt(Z. consequent- 
ly; accordingly 
Consiiquence, sf. consequence, 

Consequent, sm. consequent 
Conservatcur, preserver 
Conservation, sf. —tion; pre- 
Conservatricc, sf. —trix 
Conserve, conserve, comfits 
Conserves, sf. pi. preservers^ 

Conserver,r(i. to conserve; servtf 

to * keep in pay 
Se — , vr. to * keep; mind one's 

Considerable, 2. a. —blc 
Considerablement, ad. — ably 
Considt'rant, e. a. considerate 
Considoralion, sf. —tion, note 
Conslder6ment, ad. considerate- 





Cousiderer, va. to consicUr; * 

have a value far 
Consigiiaiaire, sin. a trustee 
Coiisigiiaiiuii, js/. depoaite; car- 
CoiiBigiie, a trust; witchword 
Consigner, vx. to di^pusit 
ConsUtance, sf. consistence ; 

Consistuiit, e. a. consisting cf 
Consoler, va. to consist, * lie 
Coasistoire, sm. consistory, ves- 

Coosistoiial, e. a. —rial 
Consisiorialfineiit, ad. in a con- 
Consolabie, 2. a. consolablc 
Consolaiit, e. a. comfortable 
Consolateur, sm. comforter 
Consolation, */. —tion, comfort 
Consolatoire, 'J. a. —tory 
Coudolatrice, sf. cotufurtcr 
Console, a bracket; prop 
Consoler, va to comfort 
Consolidation, *■/. —tion 
Consolider, va. to consolidate; 

to heal up 
Consoinmateur, sm. finisher 
Consomnialioii, sf. consumma- 
tion; Consumption 
Consomme, sm. jelly broth 
Consominer, va. to consummate; 

consume; boil to rugs 
Consomplil',vo. a. s. consumptive 
Consomption, sf. con.iu~nption 
ConsonncOnce, harmony; thyme 
Consonne, a consonant 
Consort, e. 5. assjciatc 
Consoude, .<?/. comfrcy 
Conspiraleur, s./i. —rator 
Conspiralioii, sf. —racy 
— des poudrei, gunpowder plot 
Conspirer, va. to conspire, plot 
Conspuer, to * spit upon 
Constaniment, ad. constantly, 

Constance, sf. constancy; firm 


Constant, e. a. constant; certain 
Constater, va. to verify; prjve 
Constellation, sf. —tion 
Constell6, e. a. made under a 

certain constellation 
Consternation, sf. —tion 
Constemer, va. dispirit, dismay 

Constipation, sf. — tion; eos- 

ConsupeT, Constipate,* bind 
Conslituant, e. a. s. constituent 
Constituer, va. constitute; place; 

raise; * put 
une pension, tc settle a pen- 
Constitution, —tion, annuity, 

composition; order; decree 
Constitulionnaire, 2. s. annui- 
Coiistrictenr, sm. — tor 
Constriction, sf. — tion, compres- 
Constringent, e. a. —gent, bind- 
Construction, sf. —tion 
CoMsiruire, va. to construct, * 

build; construe; frame 
Consuttstantialite, sf. —lily 
Consubsiantiel, le. a. — tial 
Consubstanliellement, ad. con- 

Consul, 5/71. consul 
Consulaire, 2. a. consular 
Consulairement, ad. — larly 
Consulaires, sm. pi. former con- 
Consuiat, sm. consulship 
Consultant, a. «/«. one who is 

consulted; counsellor 
Consultation, sf. — tion 
Consulter, va. to consult 

son clievet, to deliberate 

Consunian!,e. a. consuming, de- 
Consumer, va. to consume; waste 
Se — , vr. to waste away 
Contact, sm. contact, touch 
Contagieux, se. a. contagious 
Contagion, sf. —ginn, plague 
Contamination, defiling, pollu 

Contamincr, va. to defile 
Conte, sm. story, tale 
Conttinplaieur, rice. s. — tor 
Conteniplatif, ve. a. —tive 
Contemplation, sf. — tion 
Contempler, va. contemplate, 

* behold 
Contemporain, e. a. s. cotempo 

rary, coetancous 
Contempteur, sm. despiser 
Contemptible, 2. a. —bit 

Contenance, sf. capaciousne-w; 

appearance; posture; orde. 
Contenant, sm. container 
Contendant, ante. a. rival; c<tn 

Conienir, va. to contain; * hold 
Se contenir, vr. to refrain 
Content, e. a. contented; pleased 
Conteniement, sm,. content; sa- 
tisfaction; pleasure 
Contenter, va. to content, satis- 
fy; please 
Se — , IT. to * be well pleased 
Conteniieu.\, se. a. contentious 
Conientieusement, ad. contcn 

Contention, sf. — tion; strife; 

Contenu, sm. contents 
Conter, va. tc relate, * tell 
Contestable, 2. a. disputable 
Contestant, e. a. contending 
Contestation, sf. —tion, content 
Conteste, dispute, odds 
Conlester, va. to contest, contend, 

Conteur, se. s. a teller 
Conteurde sornettes, sm. a tellet 

of idle stories 
Contexture, sf. contexture 
Contigu, e. a. contiguous; next 
Conliguile, sf. contiguity 
Continence, —ncnty, chastity 
Continent, e. a. continent 
Continent, sm. main land 
Contingence, sf. — gency 
Contingent, sm. quota 

e. a. casual 

Continu, sm. close by 

e. a. continual 

Conlinuateur, sm. — tor 
Continue, sf. continuance 
Continuation, — tion 
Continue!, le. a. continual 
Continuellemenl, ad. —nually 
Continuement, incessantly 
Continuer, va. to continue, * go 

Continuity,."/, continuance; cohU 

ness; cohesion 
Contortion, contortion 
Contour, sm. contour; outline; 

circumference; winding 
Contoumer, va. to * draw tkt 
contours of a picture 





Coatracriui, e. a. s. contractor 
C(jiitiacter, va. to contract 

— des deite^, to * run into debt 
S3 coiiliaciei, or. to '" s/iriuk up 
Conlractioiiyif. ~tion;s/irin/iiit a- 
Coutraciiiel, le. stipulated 
Contradictcur, sm. opposcr 
vJoiuradictioa, sf. —tion 
Contradicioire, Z. a. contradicto- 
ry; peremptory 

Contradicioiiemeirt, ad. contra- 
dictorily; peremptorily 

Coiitraindie, va. to constrain, to 

Contraitite, sf. constraint; force 

— par corps, a writ to arrest a 
person {Jul 

CoiUrairc, 2. a. contrary; hurt- 

, sin. contrary 

Coutrariuiit, t*. a. contradictory 
Contrarier, va. to contradict, 

Coiilrarifie, af. contrariety 
Coatrarieies, pi. dijuulties; 

Coiilraste, sm. contrast; obsta- 
Coiilraster, va. to contrast 
Coiitrat, sm. contract; covenant 

— do doJialion, deed of gift 

— d.T nuiriage, articles of set- 

Coiitravt'iition, sf. — tion 
Conire, pr. aerainst, near 
Cnntre-allee, sf. a small u/aUc 

alongside of a great one 
Coiitre-ainiral, sm. rear-admiral 
Conlre-approchcs, sf. pi. coun 

ter- approaches 

— balancer, va. to counter-ba 

— baiide, 5/. prohibiledor smug- 
gled goods 

Coiure-bandit-r, e. s. smuggler 

— basse, sf. counter-bass 
■— batterie, counter-battery 

— carrer, va. to thwart 

— coup, sm. rebound 

- danse, sf. country-dance 
Contredire, vn. to contradict 
Contredit, sm. answer; contro 

Contredits, sm. pi. objections 
Oontr6c, sf. country , region 
Conlrefacon, counterfeiting 

Contrefaire, va. to counterfeit, 

to ape, disguise, feign 
Ci)ntie-latle, sf. strong lath 
Conlre-latler, va. to countvr- 


— niaitre, sm. a mate 

— iiiaiidomeiit, .s/rt. counter maml 

— luaiider, va. to countermand 

— inarciue, sf. countermaric ; 

("oiitre-miae, .•'/. counter mins 

— iniiior, va. to countirmine 

— miiiL'Ur, sm. ountcr miner 

— inur, countcrmure 

— murer, va. to countermure 

— ordre, sm. counter-order 

— partie, sf. first and secondpart 
in music 

— pfirier, va. to counterpoise 

— pie, sm. wrong sense, itevcrsc 

— poids, counterpoise, rope- 
dancer's pole, balance 

— poll, sm. wrong coarse — a coii- 
tre poll, against the grain 

(^outro-poiiil, sm. connti.rpui-it 

— pointer, va. to quilt on buth 
sides; to thwart 

— poison, sm. counterpoison, an- 

— pieuve, sf. cnunierproof 

— proiu'!Sse, couutcrbond 
Coiitrescarjje, sf. counterscarp, 


Coniroscarper, va. to counter- 

C/i)iitrescol, sm. counter-seal 

— sceller, va. to coantrrseal 
Coutresigtit, sm. countersign 

— sens, wrong sense, wrong side 
Contre-signer, va. to counter 

sign; to frank 
Contrespalier, sm. hedge-row of 

Contrelenis, mischance; disap 

p ointment 
Contretirer, va. to* connterdrnu 
Contrevallation, sf. — tion 
Contrevenant, e. s. offender 
Contrevenir, va. to contravene 

to infringe 
ContreVent,s/n. an outside shut 

Contrev<^rit6, sf. irony 
Conlrevisite, second search 
Contxibuable, 2. a. taxable 

ConUibuant, sm. — butor 

Coiitriijner, va. to contribute 

Couiribution, sf. — tion 

Contrisier, va. to grieve 

Contrit, e. a. contrite 

Contrition, sf. —tion 

Conlrole, sm. control; mark oh 
platr; command 

Coiuroler, va. to control; veri- 
fy; mark plate; carp at 

L;iji\uC)leur,sm. comptroller, over- 
seer; a critic 

Coiiiroverse, sf. controversy 

Controvoise, e. a. controverted, 

Couirovcrsistc, sm. — vertisi 

Conlrouver. va. to forge; invent 

Co.ilnniace, sf. contumacy 

Coaluniacer, va. to * cast for 
non-appearance; to outlaw 

Coiiuuuax, a. a criminal that 
dots not appear before the 

Coatunielie, sf. — mcly; aJ/use 

Contumelieusement, ad. outra- 

Coatainelieux, se. a. abusive 

(Jonlus, e. a. bruised 

Coatnsion, sf. a bruise 

Coiivaiacaiit, e. a. convictive, 

Convaincre, va. to convince, to 

Convalescence, sf. — cence; re- 

Convalescent, e. a.— cent, on the 
mendinir hand 

Conveaable, 2. a. fit; proper; 
becoming; befitting; condign 

Coaveaablenienl, ad. suitably 

Convenaace, sf. suitableness, 

Convenant. e. a. suitable, meet 

Convenir, vn. to agree, suit, * ba 
proper; * become 

Convenlicule, sm. conventicle 

Convention, sf. — tion, contract, 

Conventioanel, le. a. conven- 

Convenlionnellcmcnt, ad. con- 

Conveatuel, le. a. conventual 

Coavenlaellement, ad. —tually 

Convenu, e. a. agreed on 



Convf rgent, e. a. —gait 
Conveis, e. o. s. lay brother, or 

Conversation, sf. —Hon 
Converser, vn. to convcise 
Conversion, sf.- —.<:oii, change 
Converti, e. jj. a convrt 
Convertible, 2. a. — ble 
Convertir, v-i- to concert 
Se — , rr. to * be concerted; 

change; turn 
Convertisst iiieiit, sm. change 
Convertissi'iir, a cunr.crtcr 
Conv«ixe, 2. rt. crtwrfj 
Convexite, sf. rvnvczity 
Conviction, —tion 
Convi(5, sm. a giifst 
Convier, va. to invite; incite 
Convive, 2. a. a guest 
Convocation, sf. — tion, conrfn- 

Convoi, sm. convoy, fun'ral 
Convoitable, 2. a. cuvctable 
Convoiter, va. to caret 
Convoiteux, se. a. covetous 
Convoilisu, .>./. covrtousness 
Convolcr, m. to many again 
C'onvoqucr, va. to convoke; as- 

Convoyer, va. to convoy 
Convuls;', e. a. couculscd; agi- 
ConvuJsif, ve. (i ccnruhive 
Ccnviilsinn, sf. — sion 
Convnlsioniiaire, sm. ont tcho 

has convulsive fts 
Cooperateur, sm. — rator 
Cooperatrice, sf. —mtriz 
Cooperation, — tion 
Coop^rer, va. to co-operate 
Copeau, sm. chip, shaving 
Copie, sf. a ropy, picture 
Copier, va. to copy, viinic 
Copieusonieiit, ad. copiously 
<^opipnx, se. a. copious 
Copiste, ."m. copier; prompter 
Coproprietaire, 2. s. joint-pro- 
prietor, or oicver 
Copter une cloche, to tint a hell 
Copulatif, ve. a. copulative^vin- 

Copulation, sf. —tion 
Copulative, crnjunction 
Copule, copulation [cock 

Coq, sm. a cock, church xaathcr- 


Coq de biuycre, a heath-cock 

— de niarais, o moor-cock 

— a I'ane, nonsense 

— d'Inde, turkey-cock 

— do bois, a pheasant 
Coquatre, a young ock 
Coque, .?/. egg sh'll, cod 
Coquclicot, sin. wild poppy cock- 

Coqueliner, vn. to crow 
Coqueluche, sf capuchin; fa- 
vourite; hooping-cough 
Coqueluclion, sm. hood; cowl 
Coqueraar, a boiler 
Coqiieret, wintrr cherry 
Coquesigrue, sf. idle tnU:; stuff 
Coquet, te. a. s. a coquet, beau 
Coquptcr, vn. to coquet 
Coquetier, sm. a higgler 
Coquetterie, sf. co'/uetry 
Coqiiillage, sm. shells, shell- 
work, shell-fsh 
Coquille, sf. a shell 
Coquillier,.^m. collection of shells 
Coquiiliere, (pierre,) sf stone in 

which shells are found 
Coquin, e. s. a rogue, jade 

, e. a. idle 

("o<]!iinaille, >/. pack ofrgues 
Coquiner, vn. t.i loiter, i.lli 
Coqninerie, sf. knavery 
Coi, sm. French horn, a corn 
Coniii, Coral, sm. coral 
Coral! in, e. a. coraline, red as 

Coralloides, sf. pi. seed of white 

Coraux, sm, pi. corals 

Corheille, .<^/. bread or fruit bas- 
Corbrill^e, basket-full 
CorbiMard, sm. a large travelling 

coarh, hamper 
Coibillon, small, flat basket; 

Cordager, va. to * make ropes 
Corde, sf. cord, mpc, string 

— de drap, thread of cloth 

— a boyau. cat-gut 

— de bois, cord of wood 
Cord<^, e. a. twisted, stringy 
Cordeau, sm. a line, a cord 


<'ordoler, ra. to twi.^t 
Cordcllotte, sf. small cord or litio 
Cordeliere, hVanciscan nun 
— , cordelier's girdle 
Cordeliers, gray friara 
Cordelle, sf. party, gang 
Corder, ra. to twist, to cord 
Se — . rr. to * grow stringy 
Cord»'rie,.<f/. a rope-walk or hmist 
Cordial, e. a. cordial 
L'ri cordial, sm. a cordial 
Cordialomeut, ad. cordially 
Cordialite, sf. cordialnrss 
Cordier, sm. a rope-maker 
Cordon, Iwi.-t.strino-, band, gir- 
dle, lace, stonc-plint, edge oj 
coin, miiling 
Cordoniier, ra to twist, will 
Cordonncrie, sf. shoe-making 
Cordonnet, sm. cfgivg 
Cordonnier, a shl-e-makcr, hat- 

Coiiace, 2. a. tough 
CoriTiihicn {m arcliirecture,) svu 

the Corinthian order 
Corlieii, sm. curlew 
CorntP, sf. a service, sorb-apple 
Cormier, sm. the service-tree 
Cornjoran, cormorant 
Comae, rt groom for elephants 
Comaline, sf. cornelian 
Corne, horn, hoof comet 
— d'abondance, cornucopia 
Cornee, arnra tf the eye 
Corncille, a rrok, a crow 
Cornenient, sm. tivgle 
Corncmuse, .«/. a bag-pipe 
Corner, vn. to * blow a horn, to 

trumpet about, tingling 
Comet, sm. horv, ink-horn, dice- 

boi, rolled wafer 
Cometier, a horn-dresser 
Comette, .of. a cornet, mob 
— , sm. cornet of a troop of horse, 
a commodore's broad pennant 
Comiclie, .••/. a cornice, gig 
Comichon,«OT. a little horn, gir- 

Comitre, sf. a sloping drain on -. 
the top of houses \ 

Cornillas, sm. young rook I 

Cornonille, sf. cornel-berry I 

Comouiller, sm. cornel-tree I 

Cornu, e. a. horned, comute ! 

Corauc, ?/. cucurbite 





Corollaire, sm. corollary 

Coronaire, 2. a. 


Coronal, e. a. coronal 
Corporal, sm. a corporal 
Corporation, sf. — tion 
Corporel, le. a. corporeal 
Corporellement, ad. — really 
Corporifier, va. to corporify, 

suppose a body, assemble 
Corps, sm. a body, shape 

— de jupe, pair of stays 

— de logis, side of a great house 

— de for, steel backboard 

— inort, a corpse, carcass 

— a cori>s pt;rdu, adv. headlong 
Corpulence, sf. corpulency 
Coipusculaire, ~. a. — lar 
Corpuscule, sm. a corpascule 
Correct, e. o. correct, exact 
Correclement, ad. correctly 
Correcteur, sm. a corrector 
Correctif, corrective, salvo 
Correction, sf. —tion 
Correctrice, she who corrects 
Corr6gid(jr, sin. — dur 
Correlatif, ve. a. s. correlative 
Correlation, sf. corrdativeness 
Correspondanco, sf. — dtnce 
Correspondant, e. a. suitable 
Corret;pondant, sui. — dent 
Correspondre, vn.. to correspond 
Corridor, sm. gallery, corridor 
Corriger, va. to correct, temper 
Be — , vr. to mend, * for.sake 
Corrigible, 2. a. corrigible 
Corroboratil', ve. a. —tive 
Corroborer, va. to corroborate 
Corrodei, (o corrode, gnaw 
Corronipre, to corrupt, taint, 

mar, bribe, alter, temper 
Corrumpu, sm. a debauchee 
Corrosif, ve. a. corrosive 

, sm. a corrosive 

Vorw^ion, sfcorrosion,gnau;ing 
Corroi, sm. dressing of leatli<:r 
Corroyer, va- to cuiry, plane, to 

Corroycur, sm. a currier 
Corrupteiir, dcbauchcr 
Corruptibi!it6, sf. —lily 
Corruptible, 2. a. —ble 
Corruption, sf. —tion, bribery 
Corrupirice, corruptrix 
Cors, sm. horns 
Corsage, shape, form 

Corsaire, corsair, privateer, pi- 
Corselet, corslet [rate 
Corset, stays, bodice 
Cort6ge, a retinue, train 
Cortical, e. a. cortical 
Corv6able, 2. a. averrable 
Corvee, sf. a job, average, sta- 
tute-work, or labour 
Corvette, a cutter, sloop, scout 
Corvoyeur, sm. statute-labourer 
Coruscation, sf. —tion, flashing 
Corybante, s?n. Cijbelc' s priest 
Corymbc, coryvibus, tuft 
Corymbifere, 2. a. —ferous 
(/Oryphee, sm. chief, leader, tcor- 

Coseigneur, joint lord of a ma- 
Cosmetique, 2. a. cosmetic, beau- 
Cosmogonie, sf. —gony 
Cosmographe, sm. —phcr 
Cosniographie, sf. —phy 
Cosmograpliique, 2. a. —phical 
Cosniologie, sf. — gy 
Cosmopolitain, e. *-. —litan 
Cosmopolite, 2. s. —lite 
Cosse, sf. slull of peas, S,c. 
Cosser, va. to butt like a rum 
Cosson, sm. corn-iuitt 
Cossu, e. a. shelly, rich 
(Jostuine, sm. the costume 
Cote, cotte, .■;/. a petticoat' num- 
ber, quota 
Cote, a rib, coast, declivity, hil- 
Cote a c6te, ad. a-brcast 
C6t6, sm. side, sideway, party 
Coteau, sm. hillock 
Cdlek'ae,sf. chop, catlit,little rib 
Coter, va. to quote, endorse, cite 
Coterie, sf. a club, society 
Cothurue, sm. a buskin 
Cotier, a. sm. a coaster 
Cotiere, sf. a range of coast, 


Cotignac, sm. quince, marmalade 
Cotillon, under-petticoat 
Colisalion, sf. assessment, club- 
Cotiser, va. to assess, to club 
Cotissure, sf. bruising of fruits 
Coton, sm. cotton, down 
Cotonner, va. to * stuff with 

Se cotonner, to'" be covered with 

Cotonneux, se. a, spongy, soft 
Cotonnier, sm. a cotton-tree 
Cotoyer, va. to coast along; to 

walk by the side 
Cotret, sm. a little fagot, cotrtl 

— huile de cotret, a sounJ 

drubbing, oakum towel 
Cotte d'armes, sf. coat of armt 

— de mailles, coat of mail 
Cotteron, sm. short petticoat 
Cotuteur, a co-guardian 
Cou, the neck, narrow pass 

— du pied, the instep 
Couard, e. a. s. coward 
Couardise, sf. cowardice 
Couchant, a.m. setting 
— , sm. the west 

Couche, sf. a bed, bedstead, deti 
very, laying in; stake at play , 
hot-bed in a garden, but-end, 
stratum, a lay 

Couchee, an inn ichere one lies 
on a journey, night's lodging 

Couclier, va. to * put to bed, t» 

* lay, or stake, * lie down 
Coucher en joue, to aim at 

— par ecrit, to * write down 

Se coucher, vr. to * lie down, to 

* go to bed, to * set 
Coucher, sm. bed-time, bedding; 

night's lodging, covclue 

— du soleil, sunset 
Couchette, sf. a couch ^ 
Coucheur, se. s. bed-fellow 
Couci, couci, ad. so so 
Cfiucou, sm. a cuckoo 
Coude, the elbow, any angle 
Coudee, sf. elbow-room, cvJiit 
Coude-pie, sm. an instep 
Cuuder, va. to * bend 
Coudoyer, to elbow, hunch 
Coudraie, .-/. hazel wood 
Coudre, sm. a hazel-tree 

, va. to sew, stitc/t 

Coudricr, sm. haid-vut tree 
Couenne, sf. hog's skin 
Cou(MU% feather- bed 
Coulagp, sm. leakage 
Coulannnent, «'/. flunUfy, freelf 
Coulant, 0. a.f.ufvl,j!oicing 
Cou\ant,sm.necklaec of diamonds 
Coule, sm. a quick sinking atep 

in dancing 





Coulee, sf. running hand in 

Coulemeiit, sm. running of a li- 
quid, flux 

Couler, vn. to flow, melt, straijt, 
* run 

a fond, va. to * sink 

Se couler, vr. to * slip along 

Couleur, sf. colour, suit at play 

Couleurs, sf. pi. Ucery 

Coulevriiie, .«/. culvcrin 

Coulevree, snake-weed 

(•oulcuvre, an adder 

Coulis, srn. jelly, gravy 

Voiit coulitf, wind t.'iat comes 
through a chink 

i'onlissc, sf groove, scene of a 
play-house, gutUr 

Couloir, sm. a strainer, colander 

Couipe, sf trespass, sin 

Coulure, running 

Coup, sm. blow, t.'iro:o, aqt, time, 
J}0ut, a viocr, aim, a bit, a 
stroke, a druu^.'it 
' — de pietl, a kick 

Conlre-co'.ip, count-r-hlow 

Coupable, 2. a. culpable, guilty 

C«mpe, sf. cutting, cut, cup, cu- 

Coupd, sm. a coupec, step 

Coupeau, sm. top of a hill 

Coupe-gorge, cut-throat place 

— jnrret, a r.rfian, a.isassin 
CoupeUe, sf cppcl, test 
Coufellor, va to assay gold 
Couper, va. to * cut, * cut off, * 

cut out 
Se — , VT. to fret, Of stuffs.) to 

contradict onc^s mif 
('ouper Ch'jir.ln, to * stop tke way 

— la parole, to intimtpt 

— court, to be * short, in short 

— du viii, to brew wine 

— la racine, ou —pied a, to rout 

— Ir. tfete, to behrud 

— la l>oi;, to rob 
Couperot, sm. a cleavei 
Coupernse, sf. copperas 
Couperose, e. a. full of red pim- 
ples, bloated 

Coup-t6te, sm. leap-frog 
Coupeur, se. s. a cutter 

de boursse, cui-purse 

Coupte, */. C0uple, bracCy yoke 

Couple, sm. couple {of persons) 
Coupler, va. to couple 
Couplet, sm. a staff, coxiplet 

saiirique, lampoon 

Coupleter, va. to lampoon 
Coupoir, sm. cutter 
Con pole, sf. a cupola 
Couiion, sm. remnant, dividend, 

Coupure, sf. a cut 
Cour, court, courtyard 
Courage, sm. courage, heart, 

, cheer up ! 

Courageusement, ad. courage- 
Courageux, se. a. courageous 
Cour^uinient, ad. currently 
Couranl, e. a. current, running 
Couraiit, sm. current, course 
CouVante, sf. courant, looseness 
Courbatu, e. a. foundered 
Courbalure, sf. foundering 
Courbc, 2. a. crooked 
, sf. a crooked piece of tim- 
ber, rib of a ship, curbs 
Couibcmenl, sm. baiding 
Courber, va. to * bend, to bcw 
Courbette, sf. curvet, mean com- 
Courbettor, vn. to currct 
Courbuttcs (.faire dcs,) to cringe, 

to fawn 
Courburc, sf. curvity, bent 
Courcaillet, sm. quails-call 
Coureur, sia. a running fvolman, 

rambler, racer 
Coureur, scouts 

Courcuse, sf. gadder, street- 
Courge, a gourd, a yoke 
Courier, sm. courier 

— (le cabinet, state-messenger 
Courir, vn. to* run, rumble 

— h touips jambcs, to * run with 
full speed 

— la poste, to * ride post 

— le corf, to hunt a stag 

— la pretanlaiiie, to gad up and 

— lea mcrs, to infest the seas 
Courlis, sm. a curlew 
Couronne, sf. a crown, coronet 
Couronnement, sm. coronation, 

finishing, crown-work 

Couronuer, va. to crown 
Couroisaure, sf. sumv,it of c 

stag'' s horns 
Courroif.-, sf. leather string 
Courroucer, va. to irritate 
Se cournjucer,rr. to * begrcailt> 

incensed, to rage 
Courroux, sm. wrath, raging 
Cours, coursr, run, airiug-placi, 
Cours de ventre, looseness 
Course, sf. running, race, cruise, 

Coursier, sm. courser, charger, 

Court, e. a. short, brief 
Court, ad. short, quick 
Courtage, sm. broksrage 
Conrtaud, a thickset vian. crop' 

prd horse 

— (ie boutique, shopman 
Courlaudcr, va. to ♦ crop (a 

horse's tail) 
Court btiuillon, sm. a particular 

way of dressing fl.^'h 
Courie-liuleiiie, sf. short breath 
Courterr.t nt, ad. brirfly, short 
C(.urt< pointe, sf. counterpane 
Cuuitihaut, sm. thick and thort 

Courtier, a broker 

— de chevaux, a jockey 
Courtine, sf. a curtain {in for- 

Ciiiirtisau, sm. a courtier 
Courtisaue, .«/. a courtesan 
Courliser, va. to court 
Courtois, e. a. courteous, civil 
Conrtcistnicnt, a!, courttoush 
Courloibie, sf. cnurt^ousnc^s 
Cous^ii), e. 5. cousin, rrnut [drcd 
Cousinage, sm. covsinship, kin- 
Cousiner, va. to call cousin, to 

Cousinfere, sf. fence of gauze 

against gnats 
Coupoir, sm. a sewing-press 
Coupsin, a cushion, pillow 
Cous.-;inet, bag, pad, quilted etO' 

Cou?u, e. a. sewed 
Cout, sm. cost, price 
Couteau, a knife 

— de chasse, a hanger 

— a pied, shaemaker's cutting 





< 'outelas, sm. a cutlass 
Cijutele, e. o. slaughtered 
Coutelloiie, sf. cutlery 
C'outellitTe, a case of knives 
Cnuter, vn. to cost, * stand in 
Couteline, sf. coarse calico 
Couteux, se. a. expensive 
Coutier, sm. ticking- maker 
C'outil, Coutis, ticking 
Coutre, coulter, plough-share 
Coutuiiie, sf. cusiovi, toll 
Ctoutumier, e. a. customary, com- 
Coulum'ier, sm. common-law book 
Couture, scam, sewing, scar 
Couturicre, sf. a mantuamakcr, 

a sca7nstress 
Couv'-'e, a covey, vest of eggs 
t'ouve, e. a. fusty 
Couvent, sm. a convent 

— d'lioiiiincs, friary 

— de filles, nunnery 

Couver, va. to brood, sit on, * 

breed, incubate, lurk 
Couvorcle, sm. a cover, lid 
Couvert, the cloth, cover, lodg- 
ing, shady place 
Couvert, e. a. covered, clad, hid, 
Couveite, .s/. a deck, enavul of 

China ware 
CouvertPinent, ad. secretly 
Couveiture, sf. cover, blanket, 

rug, roof, cloth 
Coiivfjrturt'j^, pi. bed-clothes 
C'ouvcrt'irif r, sm. bed ding- seller 
Couvet, a sort of slave 
Couvouse, sf. that broods 
C'ouvi, a. m. addle, rotten 
Couvrc-cJiff, sm. kerchief 

— feu, curfew, fire- screen 

— pied, cover-feet, quilt 

— plat, dish-cover 
Couvreur, sm. a tiler 

— en ardoise, a slater 

— eu chaunie, thatcher 

— de chaises, chair-maker 
Couvrir, va. to cover, * hide, 

conceal, defend, load 
Se — , vr. * be overcast, * put 

one's hat on, * put on a suit 
Crabe, sm. a crab 
Crabier, sm. erab-eattr, (a West 

India bird) 
Crac, sm. crack, crackling noise 

Crac, ad. that's a fib 
Urachal, sm. spittle 
Crachemeiit, spitting 
Cracher, va. to * spit 
Cracheur, se. s. a sjntter 
Crachoir, sm. a spitting-pot 
Crachotenient, spitting often 
Cracljoter, vn. to * spit often 
Craie, sf. chalk 
Ciaiiidre, va. to fear, dread 
Crainte, sf. fear, awe 
Crainte de, for fear of, lest 
Craintif, ve. a. fearful, timorous 
Craintivement, ad. fearfully 
Cranioisi, sm. crimson 
Cramoisi, e. a. crimson, dyed in 

Crampe, sf. cramp 
Crampon, S7n. cramp-iron 
Cramponner, vn. fasten with a 

Se cramponner, to * cling at any 

Crampounet, sm. little cramp or 

Cran, notch 
Crane, the skull, a hot-brained 

Crapaud, a toad 
Crapaudaille, sf. thin crape 
Crapaudiere, swampy place 
Crapaudine, toad-stone, iron 
wurt, malt-worm, sort of pear 
— a la crapaudine ; pigeons a 
la crapaudine, broiled pigeons 
Crapoussin, S7n. a little ill-shap- 
ed man 
Crapoussine, sf. a little ill-shap- 
ed woman 
Crapule, gross intemperance 
Crapuler, vn. to*cat and * drink 

to excess 
Crapuleux, se. a. intemperate 
Craquehn, s7n. cracknel 
Craquement, crack 
Craquer, ra. to crack,!ioait,snap 
Craquetement, sm. cracking 
Craquetcr, vn. to crackle 
Craqueur, se. 5. a boaster 
Crasse, sf. dirt, nastincss, rust, 

Crasse, a. gross, thick 
Crasseux, se. a. filthy, sordid 
Cratere, sm. crater, round cup 
Cravate, sf. cravat 

Cravaie, sm. a Croat 

Crajon, pencil; description ; 

rough draught 
Crayonner, va. * draw, sketch 
Ciaj'onneur, sm. a drawer with 

Cieance, sf. trust, belief, debt 
Creancier, e. s. creditor 
Ureal, sm. an usher in a riding 

Crealeur, Creator, Maker 
Creation, sf. creation 
Creature, creature 
Crecelle, a rattle 
Cr6cerelle, a hawk 
Creche, a manger, crib 
Uredence, cupboard where the 

church plate is kept 
Credibiliie, —lity 
Credit, sm. credit, interest 
Crediter, va. to credit one in tht 

Credo, sm. creed 
Ci^A\x\e,2. a. credulous, 
Credulite, sf. credulity 
Creer, va. to create 
Cr^mailliere, sf. a pot-hanger 
Cr6maillon, sm. a hook 
Creme, sf. cream 
fouettce, empty, frothy dis- 
Crcmer, vn. to cream 
Creneau, battlement, pinnacle 
Crenel6, e. a. embattled 
Cr6neler, va. to indent, notch 
Cr6nelure, .<■/. indenting 
Creole, L'. 5. Creole, Crcolian 
Cr6page, sm. the glossing of 

Ciepe, sm. crape 
Crejip, sf. pancake 
Cr^^pir, va. to frizzle, * crisp 
Crepi, sm. rough cast 
Cr6piiie, sf. fringe 
Cre|)ir, va. to parget 
Crepigsure sf. rough ca&t 
Crej)ilation, crackling of fire 
Crepoii, sm. thick crape 
Cr6pu, e. a. crisped, frizzled 
Crdpuscule, sm. twilight 
Creeson, sm. cresses 
Cressonniere, sf. cresses-plot 
Crete, crest; cock's comb; bank 

of a ditch, tuft 
Baisser la crfcte, to decline 





Crfile marine, samphire 

— de ble, pyramidal pile of * 

Cr6t6, e. a. tufted 
Cretonne, sf. sort of white linen 
Creva'iWe, g^uttling- 
Crevasse,* crevice, gap,scralches 
Cr6vasses aux mains, chap^ in 

one's hands 
Crtvasser, ra. to * chap; * crack 
Creve-coenr, sm. heart-break 
Crever, va. to* burst, cramp, put 

Crevette, sf. prawn 
Creusemenr, sm. digg^ing {into 
Creuser, va. to dig, or * drive 
Creuset, sm. crucible 
Creux, hollow pit, mould 
Creux, ee. a. hollow, detp, chime- 

Cri, sm. cry, shriek, motto 
Criailler, va. to bawl, scold 
Criaillerie, sf. bawling 
Criailleur, se. s. a bawler 
Criard, e. a. s. bawling; bawler 
Criant, ante, o. glaring, shame- 
Cril)le, sm. a sieve 
L'ribler, va. to sift 
Cribleur, sm. a sifter 
Criblurc, sf. siftings 
Cribration, sifting 
Cric, sm. ivgine for lifting bur- 
Cric-crac, crick-crack 
Criee, sf. an auction, butcry 
Crier, vn. to cty out, proclaim, 

inveigh, clamour 
Crierie, sf. cry, clamour 
Crieur, se. s" a bawler; crier, 

Crime, stn. crime, .^in 
Crime (ie lozc-majost6, high- 

Criminaliste, sm. a writer upon 

criminal matters 
Cnmin*'!, le. a. criminal, guilty 
Criiiiint^l, stn. malrfactur 
Criiriiiu'llemeut, ad. — nally, ca- 

Crin, sm. horse-hair 
Cr\i\<i,e. a. hairy {hair 

Criiiier, sm. worker or dealer in 
ChiVii-tc.sf. horse or lion's mane, 
paltry wig 

Criole, Creole, 2. 5. a Creole, 

Crique, */. creek 
Criquet, sm. a tit; bad horse 
Crise, sf. crisis 

Crispation, sf. —tion, wrinkling 
Crisper, va. to draw, squeeze 
Crista), sm. crystal 
Cristallin, e. a. crystalline 
Cristallisation, sf. — zation 
Cristalliser, va. to crystallize 
Critiquable, 2. a. censurable 
Critique, critical, captious 
Critique, sm. a critic 
Critique, sf. criticism; criti-, 

Critiquer, va. to criticise 
Croassement, sm. croaking 
Croasser, vn. to croak {pole 

Croc, sm. houk; fangs; sharper. 
Croc en jambe, trip 
Crocs, SOT. pi. whiskers 
Croche, 2. a. crooked 

, sf. a quaver 

Crochet, sm. hook, steel yard, 

vicklock, crochet 
Crocliets, fangs, braces 
Crocheter, va. to * pick a lock 
Crocheteur, sm. porter, pickLck 
Crocheteuse, sf. basket-woman 
Crocliu, e. a. crooked, houkcd 
Crochuer, va. to * bend, crook 
Crocodile, sot. a crocodile 
Crocus, saffron-flower 
Croire, va. to believe, * think 
Croisade, sf. crusade, hoiy war; 

Crois6, sm. a croise, a dupe 
Crois6e, (serge,) .s/. kersey 
Crois6e, casement; cross-bar 

Croisement, sm. crossing 
Croiscr, va. to * lay cross-wise; 

* strike out; cruise; cross 
Se — , vr.* lie cross; * take upon 

one the cross of the holy war, 

to play the fool 
Croiseur, sot. a crui.tcr 
Croisiere, sf. cruise 
Croisure, cross-web 
Cro'issance, growing age; growth 
Croissant, sin. crescent, hook 
Croit, increase {v)az 

Croitre, vn. to* grow, increase, 
Croix,*/, a cross 

Qx(H\nKnX,e. a. scrunching, crack- 
Croquant, sm- a poor wretch 
Croque-lardon, spunger 
Croquer, vn. to scranch; crackle- 
devour; pilfer 
Croquet, sot. thin and hard gin 

Croqueur, a devourer 
Croquignole, sf. a fillip 
Croquigiioler, va. to fillip 
Croqiiis, sot. sketch 
Crosse, .*/. crosier, but-end, bat 

drumstick, or pestle 
Cros-sC, o. who has- the privilege 

of carrying the crosier 
Crosser, vn. to plar^ at cricket; 

treat with great contempt 
Crosscur, sm. a cricket-player 
Crotle, sf. dirt, mud; dung of 

Crotter, va. to dirt 
Crotiin, sm. dung of horses, S>c. 
Cro\iWmer\\,sinking{of a house,) 

Crouier, va. to * sink, * shake 
(^roulier, e. a boggy 
Crou{)adi', sf. bounding of a 

Croiipe, croup; top of a hill 
Croupi, e. a. stagnated 
Croupier, sot croup, crovper 
Croupitl'te, */. crupper 
Croupion, sot. rump 
Croupir, vn.. to * stand st.ll; 

Croupissant, e. o standing 
Crousliile, .-/. pince of cru.^t 
Crousliller, vn. to * cut a cni.-t 
Crouslilleuseiiient, ad. comical- 
ly, with mirth 
Croustilleux, se. a. droll, delicate 
Croulc, sf. crust; scurf; rind 
I Croutelolte, a little ciust 
Crouton, sot. a crusty piece of 

Croyablc, 2. a. credible 
Croyance, sf. beliif, trust 
Croyant, sot. a believer 
CruautC, sf. cruelty; grievous ' 
thing I 

C rue he, a pitcher; llochhead ' 
j Crucfi^c, a pitcher-full 
Cruclion, sm. little pitcher 
' Crucial, u. a. crucial 


Crucift;re, 2. a. cruciferous 
Crucifier, va. to crucify 
Crucitieiiieiit, sm. crucifixion 
Crucifix, a crucifix 
Crucifixion, sf. — zion 
Cru, e. a. raw; blunt; kard; un- 
mannerly; indigested; imper- 
Cru, S7a. growth; soil 
Crudite, .«/. rawness; crudity, 

Crue, increase 
Cruel, Ic. a. cruel, hn-d 
Cruellouic'iit, ad. crudbj 
Crueiueiit, bluntly, rashly 
Cturol, e. a. crural 
Cnislac6e, «. crustaccous 
Cruzadc, sf. cruzado 
Crypto, sf. burying vault 
Cu, cul, sm. bottom 
Cd de laiupo, a tail-piece 
Cu de ploiub, a sedentary man 
Cu de sac, a blind alley 
Cu bianc, white tail 
Cu de jalle, a lame man 
Cu de ba.sse fosse, a dungeon 
Cu d'arlichaut, bottom of an ar- 
Cube, sm.. a cube 
Cubaiioti, 5/. cubation 
Cubique, 2. a. cubical 
Cubital, e. a. cubital 
Cucurbitaiiis, sm. pi. flat worms 
Cucurbite, sf. cucurbitc 
Cueilie, a breadth of sailcloth 
Cueiiicret, s/rt. the rent roll of a 

Cueillefte, sf. haroest^gathering, 

Cueiileur, se. a gatherer 
Cueillir, va. to gather, to * pick 
Cueilloir, sm. fruit- basket 
Cuillor, sf. a spoon, ladle 
— a pot, a pot-ladle 
Cuilleree, a sitoonful 
Cuilleron, sm. bowl of a spoon 
Cuir, leather, hide 
Cuirasse, sf. a 
Cuirasse, e. sf. with a cuirass; 

Cuirassier, sm. cuirassier 
Cuire, v. to cook; digest; smart; 

bake; tq * do; * dress; digest 
Cuisant e. a sharp, smart 
CuUiue, sf. kitchen; cookery 


Cuisiner, va. to cook 

Cuisinier, e. s. cook 

Cuissart, sm. thigh armour 

Cuisse, sf. thigh; leg of a fowl 

Cuissoii, dressing of victuals; 

Cuissot, sm. haunch of a deer 

Cuistre, servant in a college, pe- 

Cult, e. a. done; dressed; boil- 
ed, baked, roasted 

Cnile, sf baking 

Cuite des briques, burning of 

Cuivre, sm. copper 

jauue, copper 

Cuivrer, va. to copper over 

Cul, bottom, see Cu, <^c. 

Culasse, sf. the breech of a gun 

Culbute, sf .overthrow ;hcels over 

Culbuter, v. to * overthrow; * 
break; tumble 

Ciil6e, sf. butment of a bridge 

Culminant, a. m. — ating 

Culmination, sf. —tion 
Culminer, vn. to culminate 
Culot, sm. a nestling; dross 
Culotte, sf. breeches; hack part 

of a pigeon; rump of beef 
Culottiu, sm. close breeches; child 

newly breeched 
Culte, worship 

Cultivable, 2. a. capable of cul- 
Cultivateur, sm. husbandman 
Cultiver, va. cultivate, manure 
Culture, sf. culture, tillage 
Cumin, Am. cumine 
Cuinnlatif, ve. a. accumulative 
Cutnulativement, ad. accumula- 
Cumuler, va. to accumulate 
Cupidite, sf. cupidity, lust 
Cupidon, sm. Cupid 
Curable, 2. a. curable 
Curage, sm. cleansing 
Curatelle, sf. guardianship 
Curateur, rice, s. guardian 
Curatif, ve. a. curative 
CuTC, sf. a cure; living; par 

sonage; cleaning 
Cur6, sm. a parson, rector 
Cure-dent, a toothpick 
Cur6e, sf. hound's fees, carnagi 



Cure-oreille, sm. ear-picker 
CuTer,va. to cleanse, to * pick 
Cureur, sm. night-man; cleanser 
Curial,€, a. belonging to a par' 

Curie, sf. part of a tribe in aw 

cicnt Rome 
Curieusement, ad. curiously 
Cuiieux, se. a virtuoso 
Curion, sm. a priest instituted 

by Romulus [show 

Curiosiie, sf. curiosity, rare4 
Curviiigiic, 2. a. curvdineal 
Curvite, sf. curcity 
Curule (chaise,) curule chair 
Curures, sf. pi. dregs of a wett 

or sink 
Custode, sf. holster-cap, pyx 
Custode, sm. warden 
Cutanee, 2. a. cutaneous 
Cuticule, sf. cuticle, thin skin 
Cuve, a tub 
Cuveau, sm. little tub 
Cuvee, sf. a tab-full 
Cuver, vn. to work, fret 
Cuvette, sf. a cistern; a little 

Cuvier, sm. a fish tub, bucking 

Cycle, cycle 

Cycle solaire, cycle of the sun 
Cycle lunaire, ou nombre d'of, 

cycle of the moon, or golden 

Cyclopc, a cyclop, a smith 
Cygne, swan; great poet 
Cyliiidre, cylinder, roller 
Cylindrique, a cylindrical 
Cymbales, .</. pi. cymbals 
Cyniqiii!, 2. a. cynical 
Cynique, sni. a cynic 
Cynisme, moroseness, impudence 
Cypres, cypress-tree 
Czar, czar, emperor 
Czarine, sf. czarina 


DACTYLE, sm. dactylt 
Dada, hobby horse 
Dadais, a booby 
Dague, */. dagger; pricket; t%uk 

de pr6v6t, cat o' nine tail* 

Oaguer, va. to stab 





Daigiier, va. to deign, vouchsafe 
Dagdel, sin. young slug 
Daim, a buck; deer 
Daine, sf. a doe 
Dais, sm. a canopy 
Dalle, sf. afiag (flat stone) 
Dalmatique, a. dalmatic 
Dam, sm. cost; loss; torments 
Damas, damask, dmnsoii 
Daraasquiner, va. tu damask 
Damasquinure, sf. —quining 
Daniasse, sm. damasked linen 
Damasser, va. to work damask- 
Daiiiassure, sf. damasking 
Da;nc:, sf. lain, goo lij, draughts 

— dc; trefle, queen of clubs 
Dame-jeaime, a large bottla 
Dame, ad. nay, marry 
Iia.mGT,v crown{ai draughts) 

— le pion, to * outdo one 
Dameret, sm. a beau., a spark 
Dainier, draught-board 
Damnable, 2. "a. damnable 
Da;uuableraent, ad. damnably 
Damnation, sf —lion 
Dainner, va. to damn 
Damoiseau, sm. a fop, spark 
Damoiselle, .'?/. a damsel 
Danch6, e. a. indented 
Dandin, sm. a ninny, a dandy 
Dandinement, sm. jolting 
Dandiner, va. to behave like a 

Danger, sm. danger, 
Dangereusement, ad. danger- 
Dangereux, se. a. dangerous 
Dan5, pr. in, into, within; with 
Danse, sf. dance, dancing 
Danser, v. to dance 
Danseur, se. s. a dancer 
Dard, sm. a dart, spindle 
Darder, va. to dart, * shoot 
Dardenr, sm. dart-flinger 
Dariole, sf. a custard 
Dame, slice offish 
Darse, a wet dock 
Darsine, a small wet dock 
Dartre, tetter, ringworm 
Dartre farineuse, scurf 
Dataire, sm. datary 
Date, sf. a date 
Dater, va. to date 
Daterie sf. datary' s office 

Datif, sm. dutioe case 
Dade, sf. date (fruit) 
Datiier, sm. d its-tree 
Davaniage, ad. more; besides, 

Daiibe, sf. a kind of sauce 
Daiijbfr, va. to drub, to jeer 
Daubeur, sm. bantercr; sneenr 
Davier, pincer for tseth 
Dauphin, dauphin; dolphin 
Daupliine, sf. Dauphincss 
D'autant que, c. whereas 
D'autant plus, ad. the more 

mieux, the rather 

De, pr. of, from, some, to, with, 

by, at 
De nuit, in the night 
De la sorte, so, thus 
De plus, moreover 
De par, in the name of 
De ce que, c. because, that 
D6 sm. die; thimble 
Debaclage, sm. clearing 
Debacle, sf. breaking of a frozen 

Debaclement, sm. breaJdng of 

the ice 
D6bacler, vn. to break as ice in 
a river; clean a harbour, or 
Debacleur, sm. water-bailiff 
Debagouler, va. to *talk at ran- 
Deballer, to unpack, to pack up, 

or * go away 
Debandade, a la d^bandade, 

confusedly disorderly 
Debandemenl, sm. relaxation 
Debander, va. to unlock, relax 
Se — , vr. to slacken; disperse 
Debanquer,t?a. to ruin the bank- 
er (gaming term) 
D6barassement, sm. clearing 
D6barasser, va. to clear; * get 

D6barbouiller, to wash the face 
Debarcadour, sm. place for the 

landing of a ship's cargo 
Dibardage, unlading 
D6 harder, va. to unlade wood 
Debardeur, sm. a lighterman 
D6barquemcnt, disembarking 
D6barquer, v. disembark; land; 

Dcbarras^er, va. to clear 

Dcbarrer, to unbar 
Diihat, sm. debate, strife 
Dtl'batcr, ca. * take off the. pack- 

Dobafiser, to unchristian 
Debattre, to .lebote 
Se debattre, iir. to struggle; toss 
DebaiKhe, sf. debauchery 
Debauclie, sm. a debauchee 
Debauchee, sf. a lewd woman 
Debaucher, va. to debauch; to 

bribe, to entice aicay 
Se — , va. to folloxc ill courses^ 

* l''ave off one's work 
Debet, sm. balance, debtor 
Debitfer, va. to disorder; cloy 
Debile, 2. a. feeble 
Debilement, ad. feebly; weakly 
D6biiitation, sf. —tion 
Sy&hWn^, feebleness, —lity 
Debjiiter, va. to enfeeble 
Debit, sm. sale, utterance 
Debiter, ra. to vend, utter 

— en gros, to * sell hy wholesale 

— en detail, to * sell hy retail 
Debiteur, se. s. spreader ofnewi 
D6biteur, rice, o debtor 
Deblayer, va. to * rid, to clear 
D^boire. sm. twanrr, griff 
Deboitement, disjointing 
Deboitcr, va. to*put out of joint, 

to 7Carp 
Dobniidc.r, to open the dam 
Dobonder, vn. Se debonder, vr. 

to sluice out: * break forth 
Debondonner, va. to unhung 
Df-bonnaire, 2. a. affable; gra 

c/ou.^; kind; good 
Debonnairement, ad. kindly 
D6bon!iairet6, sf. kindness 
Dtibord, sm. spreading of bat 

Debonl6, e. a. dissolute 
Dehordeinoiit, sm. overjlowing; 

Dcbordor, vn. Se d6border, vn. 

to * overflow [out 

Deborder, vn. to leap over; jut 
D6bord(!r, va. to unhorder 
D*^ hotter, to pull off one' .^ boots 
Delxjuch^, Deljoiichfment, sm. 

'-p-^ninrr, opportunity, means 
Di^boiKher, ra. ti* unstop; open 
D'bniirler, to unbuckle; uncurl; 

* uv wring 





Deboiiilli, sin. the trying of co 

lours (in dying) 
Ufcbouillir, va. to try colours in 

Debouquement, sm. disembogu 

ing; sailing off 
Debijiiquer, va. to sail out of a 

Dtibourber, va. to cleanse 
Debourier, to polish a young 

Debours6, sm. money laid out 
Debourseinent, disbursement 
Dobourser, va. to disburse 
Debout, ad. up, standing 
Debouter, va. to reject (in law) 
DHboutouner, to unbutton 
Debrailler, (Se) vr. to open one^s 

Debredouiller, va. to save the 

D6brider, to unbridle; despatch 
Debris, sm. wreck; waste; rub- 
Debrouillemcnt, clearing 
Debrouillcr, va. to clear" 
Dcbrutir, to polish^ clear off 
Debuclier, vn. to start out of the 

iDood (hunting term) 
Debusquenient, sm. driving out 
D6busquer, va. to * drive out, to 

supplant; turn ovt 
Debut, sm. the had, the begin- 
ning of an enterprise 
Debater, vn. to * begin; to knock 

away; to play first 
Deca, ad. on this side 
Dficacheter, ua. to unseal 
Decade, sf. drcade^iiumbcr of ten 
[)ecadciice, decay; decline; ruin 
Decagone, sm. decagon 
Decaijiser, va. to * take out of a 

Decalogue, sm. decalogue 
Decani6ron, dccauicron (ten 

Diicaiiipment, decampment 
Decaniper, va. to decamp; march 

Decanat, sm. dranry 
D6cantation, sf. decanting 
Df^canter, va. to decant 
D6caper, to part iUr verdigrise 

from the copper 
Decapitation, .«/. beheading 

Ddcapiter, va. to behead 
Decarreler, to unpave 
D6casquer, to * take off' one's 

D6ceder, vn. to decease; to die 
Deceindre, va. to ungird 
D6c6lement, sm. detection 
D6celer, va. detect, disclose, be- 
D6celeur, se. s. informer 
D6cembre, S7n. December 
D6cerament, ad. decently 
Decemvir, sm. decemvir 
D6cemviral, e. a. —ral 
D6cemvirat, sm. decemvirate 
Decence, sf. decency, decorum 
D6cennal, e. a. decennial 
Decent, e. a. decent, becoming 
D6ception, sf. deception, deceit 
Dccerner, va. to decree; ordain 
D6ces, sm. decease, death 
Decevant, e. a. deceitful; crafty 
Decevoir, va. to deceive 
Dechainement, sm. outrageous 

D6cliaincr, va. to unchain; to 

Se — , vr. * break loose; rail at 
D(^chalander, va. to * hurt a 

shop's custom 
D6clianter, to change one's note; 

to yield 
Decliarge, sf. unloading; volley; 
storehouse; casement ; dis- 
charge; acquittance 
Decliatfjer, va. to unload; dis- 
charge; ease; open. 
Dechargeur, sm. porter, dis- 
D6clianner, va. to unbeiritch 
Dcchai'iie, e. a. scraggy; Iran 
Decliaruer, va. to * pick off the 

flesh, ■* make lean, thin, lank 
Style decbarn6, ajrjnne stijlc 
D6chaussement, sm. the pulling 

off shoes or stockings 
Dechaiisser, va. to pull off on"' s 
tfhocs and stockings; bare the 
roots of trees; clear the tooth 
of a gum 
D6chaussoir, sm. lancet 
Dficheance, sf. forfeiture, loss 
D6ciiet, s?n. diminution, loss 
D6cheveier, t)a. to dishevel 
D6chevetrer, to unhaltcr 

D6chiffrable, 2. a. that can ba 

D6cliifFrement, sm. deciphering 
Dechiffrer, va. to decipher; clear 
Dccliiffreur, sm. a decipherer 
Dechiqueter, va. to pink; slash, 

* cut 
Decliiqueture, sm. a pinker 
D6chiqueture,5/. pinking; slasJ^ 

ing; cutting [boats, Src. 

D6chiirage, sm. breaking of old 
D6chirement, tearing, breaking 
D6chircr, va to * tear; defame 
Decliiruie, sf. rent 
Dechoir, vn. to decay, * fall off 
Decliouer, va. to ^ get off 
D6cider, lUcide; resolve; dispose; 

* put an end to 
D6cimable, 2. a. tUhablc 
Decimal, e. — mal 
D6cimatcur, sm. tithingman 
D6cimation, sf.—tion 
Decimer, va. to decimate 
D6cimes, sf. pi. the tenths 
Decircr, va. to free from wax; 

to clean 
Decisif, ve. a. decisive, clear 
Decision, sf. decision 
Di^cisivement, ad. positively 
Ducisoire, 2. a. decisory 
Declarnateur, sm. noity orator 
D6(!aniatiou, sf. —tion; abuse; 

Declamatoire, 2. a. declamatory 
Declainer, v. declaim; inveigh 
Declaraiif, ve. a. —rative 
Declaration, sf.—tion; list 
Declaratoire, 2. a. — ratory 
D6c!arer, vn. to declare; shoio 
DcclJM, sm. decline; wane; end 
Declinable, 2 a. — ble 
Dediiiaison, sf. declension; dc 

Deciinatoire, — tory 
i)ecliu(r, v. to decline; decay 
Declivite, .9/. declivity 
DecioJtre, c. «. vncloistcre.d 
D6clorre, v. to unclose, open 
Declos, e. a. disclosed, opened 
Decloner, vr. to unnnil 
Decoci'.enient, sm. shooting 
D^cncJier, va. to * shoot 
Dtcocfion. .<tf. decoction 
D6cojfler, vn. to uncoif; uncorhf 

discompose hair 





Decollation, sf. beheading 
Decollemem, sm. ungluing 
D6colleie, e. a. uhose breast is 

Decoller, va. to unglue; behead 
Decolorer, to discolour, tarnish 
Decolleter, va. to uncover the 

D6conibrer,t« clear from Tmbbish 
D^combres, sm. pi. rubbish 
D6coinposer, va. to discompose; 

to dissolve, resolve 
Decomposition, sf. dissolving 
D6compte, sm. discount 
D6compter, va. to discount, de- 
duct; * give way 
Deconcerler, disconcert ; con- 
found, * put out, baffle 
Se — , vr. to be out of countenance 
Deconfire, va. discomfit; rout 
D6confilure, sf. discomfiture, 

rout, defeat 
D6confort, sm. despair 
D6conforter, va. to discomfort, 

* cast down, despond 
D6conseiller, to dissuade 
D6ct»ntenancer, to put out oj 

countenance, confound 
Deconvenue, sf. misfortune 
Dt>corateur, sm. decorator 
Decoration, sf. ornament 
Decorations, pi. scenes of a the- 
atre; scenery 
Decorder, va. to untwist 
Decorer. to decorate, adorn 
Decortication, .«/. — tion 
Decorum, sm. dtcorum, decency 
Decouclier, va. to * lie abroad 
Decoudre, en. to unsew; * rip up 
Decouler, vr. to trickle, to * run 

DecouIement,«m. trickling; 7-un- 

ning; fluxion of humours 
Decoiiper, va. to * cut into fi- 

gurfs; to pink; to carve 
Decoupeur, se. s. a pinker 
Decouple, e. a. veil-set 
Decoupler, va. uncouple; let 

Decoupure, sf. pinking; cut 

cloth, cut paper- work 
Decouragement, sm. discourage- 
Decoura^or, va. to diswurage, 

Decours, sm. decrease, wane 
Decousu, e. a. unsewed; out of 

order; ript 
Decousure,5/.a breach ofstitches 
Decouvert, e. a. uncovered; dis- 
covered; revealed; open 
Decouverte, sf. discovery 
Decouvrir, va. to uncover; dis- 
cover; perceive; reveal 
Se — , vr. to pull off one's hat; * 

make one's self known 
Decouvrir le pot aux roses, to 

discover the mystery 
Decrasser, va. to clean; polish 
Decreditement, sm. discredit 
Decrediter, va. to discredit 
Decrepit, e. a. decrepit; crazy 
Decrepitation, sf. — tion 
Decrepiter, va. to dry salt by the 

Decrepitude, sf. — tude, decay, 

Decret, 5/71. decree, warrant 
Decretales. decretals 
Decreter, va. to decree, award; 

Decri, sm.cryin/r down; disgrace 
Decrier, va. to cry down; to dis- 
grace; * make odious 
Decrire, va. to describe; draw a 

D6crochement, sm. unhooking 
Decrocher, Decroctieter, va. to 

Decroire, vn. to disbelieve 
Decroissement, sm. decrease 
D6croitre, rn. io decrease 
Decrotter, va. to rub off the dirt; 

Decrotieur, sm. a shoe-boy 
Decrottoire, sf. a shoe-brush 
Decruer du til, va. to prepare 

raw thread 
Decuirasser, to * take off one's 

Decuple, 2. a. sm. tenfold 
Decupler, va. to increase tenfold 
Decurie, sf. a committee of ten 
judges; band of ten troopers 
Decurion, sm. a decurion 
DedaiRner, r. to disdain, scorn 
Dedaigneusement, ad. disdain- 
Dedaigneux, se. a. disdainful, 

Dedain, sm. disdain, scorn 
Dedale, a labyrinth, a maze 
Dedamcr, vn. to * put a man oitl 
of the first row {at draughts^ 
Dedans, ad. pr. in, within 
Detians, sm. the inside 
Dedicace, sf. dedication; eonstr 

D6dicatoire,2. a. dedicatory 
Dedier, va. to dedicaU; address 
Dedire, to disown, blame 

Se , vr. to recant, * go from 

one's word 
Dedit, sm. a forfeit 

Dedornmager, va. to indemnify 
Dedorer, to ungild 
Dedoubler, to unloin [tion 

Deduction, sf. —tion, cnumera 
Deduire, va. to deduct; deduce 
Deesse, sf. goddess 
Se detacher, vr. to * be pacified 
Defaillance, sf. fainting, swoon 
Defaillant, sm. he that contemns 

the court; wanting' 
Dofailiir, ca. to fail; to decay; 

to swoon 
Se defaire, vr. to * be dashed; 
* rid one's self of; kill one's 
self; * sell off; * leave off 
Defaite, sf. defeat, evasion 
Defalcation, —tion 
Detalquer, va. to defalcate 
Defaveiir, .«/. disgrace 
Defavorahle, 2. a. unfavourable 
Defavorablement, ad. unfavour- 
Detaut, sm. defect; blemish; 

want; default; flaw 
Detaut des cotes, small of the 
back (moon 

— de la lune, change of the 
Defectif, ve. a. defective 
Defection, .<:/. defection [ly 

Defectueusemenl, a'i. imperfcct- 
Defectueux, se. a. drftctive 
Defecluosiie, s/. defect 
Defenderesse. sf. she-defendant 
Defendeur, sm. defendant 
Defend re, va. to defend; prohi- 
bit; * forbid 
Se defendre, vr. to defend; (« 

excuse one's self 
Defenae, */. defence; prohibit**^ 





D6renses,;>Z. reply in law; fence; 

L»efenseur, sm. defender 
D6fensif, vc. a. defensive 
Defequer, va. to defecate; re- 
fine; clarify 
Def6rent, e. a. complying 
D6fereiice, sf. compliance; re- 
D6ferent, a. sm. deferent 
Deferer, i;. to yield; impeach; 

defer; decree; administer 
Deferler, va. to unfurl the sails 
D6ferier, vn. to * be dashed 

, va. to unshoe; nonplus 

Se , to * be confounded, 

come off 
D6fet, sm. waste 
D6fi, challenge, defiance 
Defiance, sj distrust; mistrust; 

suspicion; jealousy 
Defiant, e. a. diffident; jealous 
Deficit, sni. wanting 
Defier, va. to defy, challenge 

Se , vr. to mistrust, suspect 

l)6fis;urer, va. to disfigure; de- 
D6file, sm. a defile 
Defiler, va. to * unstring, file off; 

frazc (as a cable) 
D(ifiiiir, to define; appoint; de- 
Definiteur, sm. dcfinitor 
Uefinilif, ve. a. definitive, per- 
Definition, sf. —tion 
D6finilivemenl, ud. — vcly 
Definitoire, sni. the chapter of a 

religious order 
Deflagration, sf- — tion 
Dt.fl(Miiit, vn. to * shed blossoms 
Defluurir, va. * nip off the blus- 

.soiiis; take off the bloom 
Dt^llnrer, va. to corrupt, vitiate 
Defliixion, sf. defiuxion 
Di;fonceniont, sm. staving 
Defoncer une futaille, va. to * 

stave a ca.s/c 
D^former, to * put out of form 
D6fourner,* draw out of the oven 
Defrayer, va. to defray 

D6fnser, va. to uncurl 
D6froiicer, to * ^indo the gathers 
Se defroquer, * throw off' the 

monkish habit 
Defroque, sf. goods, movcubles 

left by death 
Defuiier, va. to unrig 
Defunl, e. a. deceased, late 
D6gage, (d6gr6) siu.back stairs 
D6gagenient, disengagement ; 
freeing; passage; calling in 
D6gager, vn. disengage; redeem 
D6gaiuer, va.* draw one's sword 
Degaineur, sm. a bully 
Deganter, va. to pull off one^s 

Degarnir, to unfurnish; * strip, 

Degasconner, to teach a Gascon 

to speak true French 
D6gut, sm. havoc; waste; spoil 
D6gaucliir, va. to plane; level 
D6gaucliissenieikt, sm. levelling, 

Degel, sm. thaw 
Degeler, va. to thaw 
Dt;g6n6rer, va. to degenerate 
Degingand6, e. a. swinging in 

one's gate 
D6gluer, va. to unglue; get rid of 
D6glutition, sf. deglutition 
D6goiser, vn. to blab, * chirp 
Degoigenicnt, sm. overflowing 
Dtgoigor, I'rt. to clear, purge, 
spread out 

Se , vr. to overflow; empty 

's self 
Degoigeoir, sm. an engine to 

clear a gun 
D6gourdi, e. a. sharp, acute, re 

D6gourdir, va. to quicken, to 

warm {water;) to polish 
Diigourdisseineut, sm. quicken 

ing; removal of numbness 
D6goul, disgu.^t; satiety 
Di';goutant, e. a. distrustful 
D6gout6, c. a. squeami.'^h; out of 

conceit with 
D6gouter, va. to di.'igust 
Se , vr. to * be out of con- 
ceit with 

Defricheiuent, sm. grubbing up 

D6fricher, va. to grub up; clear J Degouttaut, e. a. dropping 
Dfefricheur, sm he that grubs up I DCgoulter, vn. to * drop 
untiUid ground I Degradation, sf. —tion, waste 

Degrader, va. to degrade; waste, 

Degiartcr, to unclasp 
Degraisseinent, sm. scouring 
Degraisser, va. to scour; clean; 

* take away the fat 
D6gi aisseur, sm. a scourer 
Degrapiner, vn. to lift the small 

Degie, sm. stair; step; degree; 

Degringuier, vn. to * rtm down 

stairs; to tumble 
Degrosbir, to chip; to clear up; 

to fa.-hion 
Deguenille, e. a. tattered; in 

Degucrpir, va. to quit in a hurry 
Degueipissement, sm. quitting 
Deguiseinent, sm. disguise 
Deguiser, va. to disguise 
Diguslation, sf. —tion 
Dehdier, va. take off the swrt- 

D6hauch6, e. a. hipshot 
Dchaiuacljer, va. to unharness; 

* set free 
Dehors, ad. pr. out; abroad 
Deliors, sm. outside appearance; 

D('j;'i, ail. already 
Ueicide, sm. dcicide 
Dejection,.-;/ a stool; depression 
Dejeler, vn. to jet out 
Sr — , vr. to warp [fast 

Dejfjuie, dejeuner, sm. break' 
Dejniner, vn. to breakfast 
D6ilication,.<?/. —tion; apothesia 
Dcilior, va. to deifij 
Dejoindre, to di.yoin, warp 
Deisnie, sm. d ism 
Deisle, a. deist, who believes in 
Qod, but admits no revealed 
D6ile, sf. deily 
Dejuc, sm. time when the hirds 

come from roost 
Dfjuchcr, vn. to unroost; coma 

down; * bring down 
De-la, ad. off'; from thence 
De-ra fi. de-la, up and down 
De-fii, pr. beyond, over, above 
Dei-Jilirenient, .sm. ruining; r%f 
inotis condition \rvin 

D61abier, va. to rend; impair; 




D^lacer, to unlace 
D61ai, sm. a delay, adjournment 
D6laissement, desertion 
Delaisser, va. to forsake; * cast 

Delassement, sm. refreshment, 

Delasser, va. to refresh 
D6lateur, sm. an informer 
Delation, sf. an information 
D^Iatter, va. to unlath 
D61av6, e. a. weak in colour 
Delayaut, 5m. diluter 
Delayer, va. to dilute; temper 
Delectable, 2. a. delightful 
Delectation, sf. deliifht 
D61ecter, va. to delight 
Delegation,.?/. — tiu7i,commission 
Dei6gatoire, 2. a. ddegatonj 
Dei6gu6, sm. a deputij; delegate 
Del6guer, va. to delegate; ap- 
Deiestage, sm. unb Ulasttng 
D61ester, va. to unhallnst 
Deiesteur, s^n. unballastcr 
D61ibalion, sf. —lion 
Deiib6rant, e. a. unresolved 
Deliberation, sf. — tion, resolve 
Deliberaiif, ve. a. —live 
D61iber6, e. a. bold, resolute 
Delihereinnnt, ad. boldly 
Deifb6rer, vn. to deliberate; de- 

termini',, resolve 
Deiicar, e. «. di licate,ntce; weak 
Deiicatement, ad. — tcly; dain- 
tily; tenderly 
Deiicater, va. to pamper; cocker, .«/. drlicacy; scru- 

pulousn'^ss; n^cencss 
Deiice, sm. delijin 
Deiices, .«/ pi. di light 
Deiiciei!sem«iil,-<trf. 'icUcioiuily 
DeiicieuY, se. a. delicious; vo- 
Re tieiicoter, vr. to unhalter 
Deiie, e. a. slendrr; u ulc; loose, 

fine; thin; itnti.'d 
Delier, va. to uniic, nlsolve 
Delineation, .</. — tion 
Deiinqnanl, sm. dlinqumt 
Deiinqner, vn. to offend 
Delire, sm. delirium, raving 
Deiit, jfa«lf, crime 
Deiivrance, .<?/. deliverance; de 
Uvering; release 

Delivre, sm. after-birth 
Deiivrer, va. to deliver, free 
Delogement, sm. a removing 
Deloger, va. to remove; to turn 

— , vn. to go away, remove 
— a la sourdine, to leave one's 

house clandestinely 
De loyal, e. a. disloyal, pcrfdious 
Deloyaletncnt, ad. perfidiously 
Deloyauie, 5/. disloyeilty 
Deluge, 5m. delude, flood 
Deluter, va. to * take away the 

lute of a vessel 
Demaconner, va. pull down the 

Demagogue, sm. demagogue 
Demaigrir, va. to * cut off 
Demaigrissement, sm. cutting off 
Demaillotler, va. to unswathe 
Demain, sm. ad. to-morrow 
D6niancher, va. to unhnft 
Se — , vr. to * be off the hinges 
Demande, sf. demand, question, 

petition, suit, postulatum 
Deinander, vei. to demand; beg, 

ask, require 
Deniandeur, se. s. an asker; a 

Dcinandenr, sm. plaintiff 
ncinanderesse, sf. plaintiff 
Detnaniroaison, itching 
Denian<rcr, vn. to itch 
Demanteleinent, sm. di.<^mavt- 

ling. undoing 
DemanfHer, va. to di~mavtle 
Denianlibuie, e. a. broken; out 

of order 
Demaratie, .9m. unmooring 
Demarcation, .«/. (ligne de) an 

imn gin 'iry line to dinide coiin- 

triis, sens, A r 
Demarche, gait, proreeding 
Deniarier, r t. to un marry 
Demarquer, to vnmark 
Demarrcr, va. to unmoor; * sit 

Demasquor, va to unmask 
nema.-itiqiier, «rt separate, to free 
DeuiAter, to dismast, unmast 
Oemeie, sm. debate, quarrel 
Demf'ler, va. to S'j.nratc; dis- 

riiiirr, contest, unravel, disen- 
tangle, decide, pereeire 
Se — ', vr. to *■ get off clear 

Dcmeloir, sm. a winding-reel, g 
large comb 

Denieinbrement, sm. dismem 
bering, cutting off 

Demembrer, va. to dismember 
cut off 

Demenagement, sm. removing 

Demenager, vn. to remove , 
march away 

Deraence, sf. madness 

Se deraener, vr. to * make a bus 

Dementi, sm. lie; balk 

Dementir, va. to * give one the 
lie; to contradict; to dis- 

Se — ,v. to* be inconsistent; to 
fall, to warp 

Demerite, 5m. demerit; desert 

Demeriter, vn. to * do amiss 

Demesure, e. a. huge; excessive 

Demesur6meiit, ad. out of mea- 
sure; immoderately 

Demettre, va. disjoin; discard; 

Se — , tr. to resign; * have out 
of joint 


Demeubler, va. to unfurnish 

Demeurant, sm. remainder 

Demeuraiit, e. a. living; dwell- 
ing; abiding 

Demenre, .-/. dwelling; stay; 

Domeurer, vn. to live, continue, 
* stay, rnnnin, tarry 

Demi, e. a. half, devii 

Demi, ad half 

Df-mie, 5/. half nn hour 

Dcnii-iuiie, half viuon 

Demi metal, sm. semi-metal 

l)emi-diam<'tre, semi-diameter 

Dcini-setier, half a pint 

nemi-quene, .«/. a hogshead of 
Champaign wine 

Demis, e. a. put out; removed, 
out of joint 

Demission, sf. resigning 

Democrate, sm. —crat, fond of 
a popular gorrrvment 

Democratic, .«/ d/mocracy 

nemocratique, 2. a. —tieal 

Demoiselle, sf. a miss, waitinf^ 
woman, rammer 





D6niolir, va. to demolish; pull 

Deiiiolilion. sf. demolishing 
Demon, sm a demon., devil 
Denioiiiaque, demoniac 
Dejnoiisiiable, 2. a. — ble 
Denionstraieur, sm. — tor 
Deiiioiistiaiif, ve. a. — tive 
DenKJiistration, sf. — tion; assu- 
Demonstrativement, ad. clearly 
Uenionter, va. to unhorse, * take 
to pieces, confound, dismount, 
* undo, nonplus 
Ddmonlrer, to demonstrate, to 

Denioraliser,i; corrupt, stain 
Deuiordre, vn. * let go one's 

hold; recede from 
Demouvoir, va. to * take off 
D6muiiir, to uvprovide 
Demurer, to open a wall 
D6natter, to untwist, unmat 
Denatur6, e. a. unnatural; cruel 
D6naturer, va. to pervert; to 

Dendrite, sf. stone with figures 

of trees 
Denegation, sf. denial 
D6ni, sm. denial, refusal 
Deniais6, cunning J'dlow 
Ueniaisoment, sharping trick 
Deniaiser, va. to * teach wit; to 

Se — , vr. to* learn wit; to* grow 

D6niaiseur, sm. sharp fellow 
Deniclier, va. to unnestle, to 

— vn. to * brush off; march away 
D6niclieur, sm. who goes a bird- 
Denier, money, interest, farthing 

— tie poids, pcnny-wiight 

— a dieu, earnest-penny 

— vingr, Jive per cent. 

— vingt-cinq, four per cent. 
Denier, va. io deny, refuse 
Deniers du roi, sm. pi. king's 


— d'octroi, a toll, or passage- 

D6nigrement, s?a. slandering. — 
Un grand denigrenient, a 
heavy disgrace 

D6nigrer, rw. to revile; slander 

Denombrement, sm. enumera- 
tion, list, survey 

Denominateur, —natur 

Denominatif, ve. a. — tive 

Denoiniiiation, sf. — tion 

Deuommer, ra. to name 

Denoiicer, to proclaim; to i.i- 
form against, impeach 

Denonciateur, sm. an informer 

D6noncialion, sf. informing 

Denotation, — tion 

Uenoter, va. to denote 

Denouer, to unite; * make sup- 
ple; unravel 

Denouement, sm. discovery, ca- 
tastrophe of a play 

Deiir6e, sf. commodity, ware, 

Dense, 2. a. dense, thick 

Densit6, sf. density, thickness 

Dent, a tooth, notch, gap 

Dents, pi. teeth, notches 

Dents dev ant, foreteeth 

machelieres, jaw-teeth ; 


incisives, incisors 

de lait, young teeth 

oeilleres, eye-teeth 

Dent-de-lion, dandelion 

Dental, e. a. dental 

Dent6, e. a. notchcd,indentcd 

Dentee, sf. a bite 

Dentele, e. a. jagged 

Denteler, va. to indent, jag 

Dentfclle, sf. bone lace 

Denlelure, inderMng, notching; 
dented work 

Denticule, denticles 

Dentier, sm. set of teeth 

DentifVico, dentifrice 

Dcniistc, dentist 

Dentition, sf. —tion, cutting of 

Denture, sf. set of teeth 

Denudation, denudation 

D6nucr, vr. to bereave, * strip 

Denuement, s?«. drjirivntivn 

D6paquotcr, ra. to * unpack 

Deparager, to marry a girl be- 
low her condition 

D6pareille, e. a. not completeffT)i 

D^parciller, va. to unmatch 

D6parcr, to * strip, disfigure 

Deparier, to unmatch 
Deparler, to* give over talking 
Depart, sm. diparttire, parting 
Dcpartager, vn- to * give the 

casting vote 
Departenient, sm. department; 

distribution; district; quarters 
Dejjartir, va. to imparl; to dis' 

Se — , vr. to desist; recede from 
Depasser, va. to * go faster, to 

* get beyond, to pull out 

Depaver, to unpave 

D6payser, io curry one into an- 
other country; to * put on a 
wrong scent 

D6p6cement, sm. cutting up 
Depecer, va. to * cut up; carve 
Depeclie, sf. despatch; express 
Depeclier, va. to despatch 
Se — , vr. to * make haste 
D6peiiidre, va. to depict, de- 
scribe, represent, express 
Depenaill6, e. a. ill clad 
D6pendamment, ad. —dently 
Dependance, sf. dependence 
Dependant, e. a. held of another; 

Dependre, vn. to depend on; * 

hang on; * take down; hold 
Depens, sm. pi. expense; cost 
Depense, sf. expense; till; pantry 
Dei)enser, va. to * spend 
Depensier, sm. expensive man; 

De perdition, sf. —tion 
Deperir, vn. to decay 
Deperist^cnient, sm. decaying 
Depetrer, va. to disengage; to 

* get rid of 
Di'peuplenient, sm. depopulation 
Dcpcuplor, va. lu diiptoplc 
Depilalif, vo. a. (upilutury 
D6pilation, sf. — tioJi 
Depilatoire, sm. —tory 
Depilur, vn. to cause the hair to 

conic off 
l>epiqu(;r, to allay resentment 
Depil, 67«. vexation; pet; ange 
Depitor, va. to vex; to provoke 
Se — , vr. to frit [sionate 

tpileux, se. a. fntful; pas- 
Deplacenient, sm. displacing 
D6placcr, va. to displace; re 





D^plaire, vn. to displease 
Se — , vr. not to like 
Iteplaisance, sf. dislike 
D6jtlaisaiit, e. a. disagreeable 
Depiaitir, sin. displeasure; ill 

q{jict; urief; trouble 
Deplanter, va. to * pluck up 
Depiantoir, sm. deplanter 
DepJalier, va. to uvplaster 
Deplier, to unfold; open 
U<iplisser, to unplait 
Deplorable, 2. a. deplorable 
Depiurabieineiit, ad. — rally 
Deplore, e. a. desperate; past 

Dnp'orer, va. to deplore 
De plover, to display 
Depiuincr, va. to plume; * strip 
Depolir, to unpoUsh 
Deponent, s/rt. a. deponent 
Depopiiiaiiier, va. to deprive of 

Depopulation, sf. —lion 
Depoii, sm. delay .first fruits of 

a liriiig 
Deportation, sf. transportation 
Deporleineiit, sm. deiiorlmmt 
Deporter, va- to banish; exile 
!?e deporter, vr. to recede from 
Deposant, e. a. s. deposunt 
DejKJser, vn. to depose; to re- 
sign; to deposit 
Depobitaire, 5. depositary; con- 
rieposiiion, sf. — tion; deposing 
Deposg6der, va. to dispossess 
Depos.-essioii, sf. turning out of 
possession [pust 

De poster, va. to * drine from a 
Depot, sm. deposit: trust; chest; 

settling; ^tdimevt 
Depot«r, va. to take out; to emp- 
Depoudrer, comb out the powder 
Depouille, sf. skin; cast off 
clollies; books; crop; employ- 
ment or en'icls of a deceased 
person; upcil; slough 
Dfc|Miii)liiintnt, sm. stJf-denial; 
parting with an;/ thing 


cast off 
Depourvoir, va. to unfumish 
have destitute; deprive 

Depravation, sf. — tion, corrup- 
Depraver, va. to deprave 
Deprecatif, ve. a. —tive 
Deprecation, sf. —tion 
Deprecier, va. to undervalue 
Depr6dateur, sin. — dator, robber 
Depredation, sf. —tion, robbery 
Depreder, va. to plunder 
Deprendre, va. to part; loosen 
Se — , to extricate one's self 
Depreoccupe, e.a. unjiripossess- 
De-pres, ad. near [ed 

Depression, sf. depression 
Deprier, va. to dismvite 
Depriiner, to depress, debase 
Depriser, to despise, vilify 
Depuis, since; from; after 

— qiiand? how long? 

— pen, not long since 

— long terns, this great while 

— que, c. since 
Depuration, sf. —Hon 
Depuratif, ve. a. purifying; 

Depuratoire, 2. a. —tory 
D6purer, va. to depurate 
Deputation, sf. — tion 
Deput6, sm. a deputy, delegate 
Deputer, va. to depute, *send 
De quoi, pro. uherewilhal; what 

of; reason, matter 
Deracinement, sm. rooting vp 
Deraciner, va. to root up or out 
Deraison, sf. noiiscnse 
D6raisonnable, 2. a. unreasona- 
ble, unjust 
Deraisonnablement, ad. unrea- 
T)eiciisonneT,vv.*speak nonsense 
Derangement, sm. disorder, con- 
D6ranger, va. disorder, embroil 
Se — , vr. to*take to bod courses 
Derate, e. a. cunning, sharp 
Se derayer, vr. Kx. Une roue 
qui se deraye, a jxheel with 
loose spokes 
Derechef, ad. again, anew 
D6regle,-e. a. dfsorderly; unruly 

Dtpouiller, va. to * strip; to * per6glenienl, sm. irregularity, 
n the crop; deprive; *' debauchery, disorder 

Dor^glement, ad. disorderly, 

loosely, unruly 
Der6gler, va. to disorder 

Se der^gler, vr. * grow lewd; 

* be out of order 
Derider, va. to smooth, clear up, 

Derision, sf. deiision, ridicule 
Derisoire, 2. a. derisory, derisive 
Derivation, sf. —tion, orig-in 
Derivatif, ve. a. — tive 
Derive, sf. c ship's Ite-icay 
Derive, 57/1. a derivative 
D6river, ra. to* put off from the 

shore; deflect from the course; 

derive; unclinch 
Dernier, e. a. last; utmost; 

worst; greatest; highest 
Dernier, sm. the last; the utmost 
Dernierement, lately, newly 
Derober, va. to rob; conceal, 

deprive; *hide; divest 
Se — , vr. to * steal away 

Derogation, sf. tion 

Derogatoire, 2. Derogeant, e. a. 

T)erogeauce,sf. degrading action 
Deroger, vn. derogate, degrade 
Deroidir, va. unstiffen; supple 
Derouillenient, sm. rubbing off 

the rust 
Derouiller,ra. to rub off the rust 
Derouler, to unroll 
De route, sf rout, disorder, defeat 
Derouter, va. bewilder, puzzle 
Derrieie, pr. behind; backward 

, sm back part 

Dervis, ou Derviche, a dervis 
Des, pr.from, which, at 

— que, c. when, since; us soon at 

— aujouid'liui, this very day 

— lore, /ro/n that time; then 
n^sahusenient, sm. undeceiving 
D6sabuser, va. to undeceive 
D6saccorder, to vntune 
Desaccouplir, to uncouple 
Desaccoulunier, to icean from 
Desachalander, to*hurt the cus- 
tom of a shop 

Desaffourcher, va. to heave up 

an anchor 
Desagencer, to disorder 
Desagr6able, 2. a. di.'^agreeable 
D6sagreablenient, ad. disagree- 
ably [unrig 
D6sagr6er, vn. to displease; to 
D6sygrement, sm. disagreeable 
ncss; vexatioti 


O^eajuster, va. to discompose 
D6salterer, to quench the thirst 
Desancrer, vn. to weigh anchor 
Desappareiller, va. to umiiatch 
D^sappliquer, to divert from 
D6sappointcr, to cashier; also 
used now by many people in 
the English sense of to disap- 
Desapprendre, to * forget 
Desappropriation, sf. divesting 
Se desapproprier, vr. to divest 

one's self 
Desapprouver, va. to disapprove 
Desaiconner, to unhorse, to non- 
Desargenter, to * wear off the 

silver; to drain off cash 
Desarmement, sm. reduction of 

forces; unrigging of ships 
Desarmer, va. to disarm; to un- 
rig; to appease 
Dtsarrol, sm.disorder, confusion 
Desassemblcr, va. to * take to 

Desassortir, to unmatch 
Desastre, sm. a disaster 
Desastreux, se. a. disastrous 
Dcsavantage, sm. disadvantage 
Desavaniageuseuicnt, ad. dis- 

Desiivaiilageux, se. a. disadvan- 
DCsavcu, S771. disavowment; de- 
Desaveugler, vn. to uablind 
Diisavoiier, va. to disavow; de- 
cry; disown; deny 
Descendance, sf- descent 
Descendant, sm. offspring; the 

Descendre, vn. to descend; * come 

down; light off' or out 
Descendre, va. to take down 
Descente, sf. descent; taking 
down; declivity; invasion; 
rupture; deflax; gutter 
Description, — tion 
Desemballage, sm. unpacking 
Desemballer, va. to * unpack 
Desenibarqueinent, sm. landing 
Desembarquer, va. to unlade, 

to disembark 
Desernbouiber, to * take out of 
the inire^ 


D6semparer, to quit a place; lay 

up a ship; disable 
D6sempenn6, a. at random, 

helpless (old) 
D6seinpeser, va. to unstarch 
D6semplir, to empty a little 
D6senchainer, to unchain 
Deaenchantement, sm. disen- 
Desenclianter, va. to disenchant 
Desenclouer, to unnail a cannon 
Dtisendonni, e. a. just awake 
Desentiler, va. to unthread 
Desenfler, remove a swelling; 

D6senflure, sf. unswelUng 
Desenivrer, vn. to remove drunk- 
Se desenlacer, vr. to disentangle 

one's self 
Desennuyer, va. to divert 
Desenrayer, va. to unbind a 

wheel; to * leave work 
Desenr61er,£o dismiss {a soldier) 
Descnrouer, cure the hoarseness 
Desenrhumer, to cure a cold 
Desensabler, to get off a boat, 

(i'-c. that has run aground 
Deseusevelir, to * dig out of the 

Desonsorceler, to unbewitch 
Desensoicellement, sm. iinbe- 

w itching 
Desenieter, va. to undeceive, to 

* bring to reason 
Doseutorliller, to untwist 
Uesentiaver, to unfetter 
Desert, e. a. desert, solitary 

, sm. desert; wilderness 

Deserter, va. to * lay uaste; to 

desert; to * run away 
Deserteur, sm. deserter 
Desertion, sf. —tion, deserting 
Desrsperade, a la desesperaUe, 

Desespere, sn. desperado 
Desesperee,.*/ desperate woman 
Desesperenieiit, ad. desperately 
Destl'sperer, vn. to despair 
Desesperer, va. to * drive to de- 
spair; provoke; make mad 
&e desesperer, u/'. to * be frantic; 

to make away with one's S'lf 
Desespoir, sm. despair, grief 
Desliabillti, aw xindress 



D6shabiiler, va. to undress 
D6shabit6, e. a. umnhabited 
Deshabiter, va. to dispeople 
D6shabiteur, to disaccustom,di»- 

Desh6rence, sf. desherison 
Desheriter, va. to disinherit 
Deshonnete, 2. a. dishonest; in- 
decent; shameful 
D6shonnetement,fld. dishonestly 
Deshonnetet6, sf. dishonesty 
Deshonneur, sm. dishonour; dis- 
grace; discredit 
D6shonorable, 2. a. disgraceful 
D6shonorablement, ad. shamo- 

Deshonorer, ra. to disgrace; dis- 
D<ishuinaniser, to divest of hw- 

Designation, sf. appointment; 

Designer, va. to describe; denote; 

appoint; assign; design 
Desincorporer, to disincorporate 
Desinance, sf. termination 
Desint'atuer, va. to undeceive 
Desinf'ecter, to disinfect 
Desinfection, sf. disinfection 
D6sint6ress6, e. a. disinterested; 

uninterested; indemnified 
DesinT,eress6nient, sm. disinter- 
Desint6ress6ment, ad. imparti- 
D6siiu6resser, va. to indemnify 
D6sinviter, to disinvitc 
D6sir, sm. desire, wish, longing 
Desirable, 2. a. desirable 
Desirer, va. to desire, wish, long 

Desireux, se. a. desirous 
Desistenieut, sm. desisting 
Se d6sister, vr. dtsist; * giw 

Des lors, ad. from that time 
Desobeir, vn. to disobey 
Desobeissance, sf. disobedience 
Desobeissant, e. a. disobedient 
Desobligeanaueut, ad. unkindly 
Dtsobligeant, e. a. disobliging 
Desobligeanto, sf. a narrow car- 
riage for one pirson; a sulky 
Desobligcr, va. to displiast 
D<'soccupaiioii, sf. Itisure 





Dcsoccujie, e. a. unemployd; at 

Se d6soccuppr, vr. to retire from 

Dcs-CBuvre, e. a. out of work 
Desolaiit, e. a. grievous 
Dcsolateiir, rice. *-. desolator 
Desolation, sf. — tion; extreme 

grief; ruin 
Dusoler, va. to afflict^ to * lay 

Desopiler, va. to open, to dear 
D6sordoni)6, e. a. inordinate 
D^sordoniiciuent, ad. disorderly 
Dtisoidre,sm.disordtr; debauche- 
ry; tumult; havock 
Desorgaiiisateur, sm. a disturber 
Dc'sorganiser, va- to unorganize, 

to disturb 
Desorieiuer, va. to*put out, dis- 
Desorinais, ad. henceforth 
D6sorner, va. to * take off an 

Dcaosser, to bone, unbone 
D6sourdir, to unravel; unwarp 
Desponsation, sf. a solemn en- 
gagement of a marriage 
Despote, sm. a despot; a scourge 
Desjwtiiiue, 2. «. despotic 
Despotiqueriient, ad. — lically 
Dcsjio isine, sm. despotism 
Dcspuinatioii, sf despumation 
Despuiiier, va. to * take off the 

Se dcssaisir, vr. to disseise, to * 
give up [ing 

Dessaisisseinent, sm. dispossess- 
Dcssaisonner, va. to manure un- 
Desoale, e. a. uncalled, cunning 
Dessaler, va. to freshen, unsalt 
Dessangler, to ungird 
Dessechanl, e. a.dcsiccative 
Dess^chement, sm. a drying 
Des^eclier, va. to wither; to 

drain; to dry up 
Dessein, sm. design, drawing, 
plan, pattern 

— a dessein, ad. on purpose 
Desseller, va. to unsaddle 
Dcpserre,.''/- opening of the purse 

— dur a la desserre, close fisted, 

Desserrcr, va. to loosen; wrench 

Dessert, sm. desert, fruit 
Desseile, sf. that which comes 
from the table; parochial duty 
Desservaiit, sm. vicegerent 
Desservir, va. to clear the table; 

to * do an ill office 
Dessicatif, ve. a. desiccative, 
DessiHer, va. to open one's eyes; 

Dessinatuur, sm. a designer; 

Dessiiier, va. to design; * draw; 

Dessoler, to unsole 
Dessouder, to unsolder 
Dvissoudure, sf. unsoldering 
Dessouler, v. * make, or * be so- 
ber (low) 
Dessous, ad. pr. under; beneath 
Dsssons, sm. the under part 
Dessus, ad. pr. above., upon, 
, sm. the top; treble; super- 
Destiu, sm. destiny, fate 
Destinalloii, sf. —tion, appoint- 
Destinee, destiny, fate; pros- 
Dcstiiier, v. to design, appoint 
Destituable, 2. a. that may be 
turned out of his place; pre- 
Destitu6, e. destitute; deposed 
Destitiur, va. to depose; deprive 
Destitution, sf. deposing 
Deslructeur, rice. ^ destroyer 
Destruction, sf. — tion, ruin 
Desuetude, cessation from bring 

accustomed; disuse 
Dosunion, disunion, variance 
Desunir, vn. disunite; divide 
Se — , vr. * fall out; * come 

Dttaclicnieut, s-m. detachment; 

disengagement; impartiality 
D(!?tacher, va. to detach, untie; * 

take off; * undo 
Se — , vr. to loosen; * leave off; 

go off 
Detacher, to * take off a stain 
Detacher une ruade, to kick up 
Detail, sm. retail; particular ac- 
count; particulars 
D6tailler, va. to * cut in pieces; 
retail; * tell particulars 

Detaiileur, sm. a retailer 
Detaler, va. to* shut shop; scour 

off; run away 
Diiteindre, va. to discolour 
Se — , vr. to * lose its colour 
Detekr, va. to unyuke; unteam 
Detendre, to unbend; * take 

Deteiiir, to detain, * withhold 
Detente, sf. a trigger 
DeteniL'ur, rice. s. one that keeps 
wrongfully another man's 
Detention, sf. — tion, detaining 
Delerger, va. to purge, clean 
Deterioration, sf. —tion; wasta 
D6teriorer, vd. to waste; * spoil 
Determination, sf. —tion 
Determine, e. a. bold, froward 

, sm. a desperado 

D6termiu6menl, ad. absolutely; 

boldly; positively 
Determiner, va. to determine; 

Se — , vr. to * be resolved 
D6terrer, va. toJ^fftg out of th* 

grave; to discover 
Dcterreur, sm. a discoverer 
Detersif, ve. a. detersive 
D6testable, 2. a. detestable ' 
D6tcstableinent, ad. abominablr 
Detestation, sf. — tion 
Diitestcr, va. to detest; abhor 
Detirer, to * draw out a stuff 
Detiser, to rake out the fire 
Detonation, sf. —Hon 
Detonncr, va. to jar; be out oj 

— fc fuiniiner, to expel from mi 

ncrals the volatile parts 
Detordre, untisist, ."prain 
D6torqucr, to wrest, to force 
D6torse, sf. a sprain 
D6toriiller, va. to untwist 
D6toupilloner, va. to lop a tree 
D6tour, sm. winding; byway; 

way about 
Detourn6, e. a. turned away 
Detourner, va. to turn aside; 
wrest; embezzle; dissuade; 
deter; divert 
Se , vr. to *go about; * leavt 

D6tracter, va. to slander 
D6tracteur, sm. slanderer 


Diitiaction, sf. — tioii, slander 
Dotniquor, to * put out of order; 

seduce; * take from 
Deticjiipe, sf. water culours 
Detreniper, va. to dilute; soften 

D6tresse, sf. distress 
Detrier, sm. a led horse 
Detrinieiit, sm. —ntr.nt, loss 
Diitroit, straits; frith; defile; 

precinct; district 
Delromper, va. to undeceive 
Djtioneiuenl, srn dethroning 
DiJtioner, va. to dethrone 
Detioussor, to untuck, rifle 
Detioiisseur, sm. a robber 
Detruirc, va. destroy; demolish 
iiii — , vr. to * fall to ruin 
Dette, sf. debt; duty 
Dette active, a debt dan to us 

passive, d'jht owing to others 

Dovaiur, v. to * let down 
Devaliser, va. to rob 
Devaaceuicnt, sn. out-running 
Devanccr, va. to * outstrip; * 

outrun; prcoenii. precede 
Devancier, e. s. predecessor 
Devaiit, ad. pr. bifore; over- 

que, before; before that 

Devaut, sm. forepart 
Deva:itior, sm. coarse apron 
I)^.\'astalmi,.<>f.- ti.on,desolation 
D6 vaster, va. to * lay waste 
Diiveloppeaieiit, sm. unfolding 
Developper, va. to unfold; un- 

Deveriir, vn. to * become; * grow 
De venter, va. to * lose the wind 
(said of the sails of a ship wiieii 
the wind siiifts) 
Devergonde, e. a. shamdrss 
DViverrouiller, va. to unbuU 
D6vers, e. a. warped; crooked; 

not perpendicular 
Devers, pr. towards^ about 
Par — , by, to 

Deverser, vn. to * bend, lean 
D6vetir, va. to * strip; undress, 

Se — , vr. to divest one^s self 

Deviation, sf. tion 

D6vidage, stn. the winding into 

a bottom 
Divider, va. to * wind to a skein 



a winder 
Devidoir, sm. a red, spindle 
Deuil, mourning, sorrow 
Devin, e. s. conjurer 
Deviner, va. to dinine, guess 
Devineresse, sf, a divincrcss 
Devineur, sm. diviner; conjurer 
Devise, estimate of a building; 

dialogue; talk 
Devisager, va. to disfigure the 

Devise, sf. device; motto; posy 
Deviser, vn. discourse togettier; 

to chat 
D6voile»ient, sm. unvcihnfr 
D6voiler, va. to unveil; reveal 
Devoieiaent, sm. looseness 
Devoir, duly; a boy's task 
, va. tu owe; to * be; * must; 

* be bound; * ought 
Devole, sf. the having no trick 

at cards 
D6voiu, e. a. devolved; escheat- 




Devolu, sm. lapse of right, 

D6 volution, sf. —tion 
Devoraiit, e. a. aeoouring; ra- 
D6vorateur, sm. n dcvourcr 
Dovorer, va. to devour, consume, 

brook, stifle 
Devot, e. a. s. drvout, votary 
Devo:onient, a>l. devoutly 
Devotion, */. —tion, disposal 
Dcvoueinenl, sm. 
Devouer, va. to devote; dedicate 
D6voy6, e. a. astray; erroneous 
Duvoyer, va. to mis 1/ ad, err 
Deuterononie, sm. —nomy 
Ueux, a. two 

, fois, twice 

, sm. two 

Deuxienie, 2. a. s. second 
Deuxiemcment, ad. secondly 
I3extcrit6, sf. —rity; skill 
Dextre, the right hand (old) 
Dextreinent, ad. dextrously 
Diable, sm. devil, the deuce 
Diableinent, ad. devili.vhly 
Diablerie, sf. witchcraft, devilish 

Diablesse, a shrew 
Diablotin, sm. a little devil 

nds skeins, Diaiiioiins, sm. pi. chocolate svr 
gar plums 
Draboiique, 2. a. diabolical; do- 

Diaboliqucinerit, ad. —lically 
Diacode, sm. — dium, syrup of 

Diaconat. deaconry 
Diaconesse, sf. deacones 
Diacre, sm. a deacon 
Diadenie, a diadem; crown 
Diagnosiique, 2. a. s. diagnos- 
Diagonale, sf. a diagonal 
Diagonalenient, ad. — nally 
Dialecte, sm. dialect; idiom 
Dialecticien, a logician 
Dialectique, sf. — tic; logic 
Dialectiquement, ad. like a lo- 
i)ialogis;le, s. — gist 
Dialogue, sm. dialogue, colloquy 
J)ia!oguer, v. to dialogue; to * 

put scenes in dialogue 
niansant, sm. diamond, adamant 
Dianiantaire, alapidary 
Diametral, e. a. —trial 
Diametralcment, ad. diametri- 

cully; directly 
Dlanietre, sm. diameter 
IJiapason, an octave in music; 

concord; union 
Diaphane, 2. a. transparen 
Diaplian6il6, sf. transparency 
Diaphoretique, 2. a. pui-gin^ 
DiapiirajTnie, sm. midrijf 
Diapre, c. a. diapered 
Diaprure, sf. diapering 
Diarrliee, diarrhcea 
Diastole, diastole, dilatation 
Diatonique, 2. a. diatonic 
Dichotoniie, sf.^my; the half of 

the moon 
Dictanie, sm. dittany 
Dictateur, dictator 
Dictatiire, sf. dictatorship 
Dictee, copy; what is dictated at 

one time 
Dieter, va. to dictate, prompt 
Diction, sf. diction; style 
Dictionnaire, sm. dictionary 
Dicton, common saying, proverb 
Didactitiue, 2. a. didactic; doc- 
Di6rese, sf. diceresis, division 





DiLse, Diesis, sm. diesis; sharp 
Dieie, sf. dit, assembly 
DIEU, s,a. GOD 
Dieu-doiiii6, Dcodatus, a title ej 

Dittuiiiaat, e. a. drfamivg 
Ditlhnialcur, sm. a defamer 
Uitfaomiioii, sf. culumny 
Difiainatoire, 2. a. defamatory 
Uiffaiucr, va. to defame; slan- 
DiiiertMnment, ad. differently 
Ditiereiicf, sf. dij^erance 
Ditlereiicit.r, va. to distinguisk 
DiJierend, sm. variance; dilfer- 

€71 ce 
Diti'erent, e. a. differing; unli/cc; 

Dilferer, v. to differ; delay 
Dilficile, '2. a. dijicult, hard-, 

Difficiloment, ad. with difficulty: 

Difficulie, sf. difficulty; doidt 
Difficiillueux, se. «. cxaptious 
Ditfoniio, i- a. mishapf/i. 
Diffornier, va. to defona 
Diiroriuite, sf. deformity; ugli- 
Dirtus, e. a. diffuse; tedious 
Ditfiiseiiient, ad. diffusely 
Dittusioii, sf. sprctiding 
l>ii:esle, sm. «//n-(S/.<, pandects 
Digestif, ve. a digestive 
Digestion, sf. digestion, concoc- 
Digiiale, fox-glove 
Digne, ii. c. worthy, deserved 

de foi, crcdH.le 

Di^cnient, ad. worLhihj 
Diaiiitaire, sm. diisnilanj 
Diirtiitc, sf. dignity, honour 
Di<rno, a dyke, h<\n/;, pier 
Dii^ressioii, digre.'fsion 
Dilac6ratioii, —tim 
Dilac»irer, va. to lacerate 
Dilapidation, sf. —tioa 
Dilapider, va. to dilapidate 
Dilatation, sf. widrnivg 
Diiatatoire, sm. dilator 
Dilaler, va. to dilate, extend 
Dilayer, va. to pitt off 
Dilatoire, 2. a. dilitory; making 

Dilection, sf. — tion. loijs 

Dilenime, sm. dilemma; trouble, 

Diligeninient, ad. diligently 
Diligence, sf. diligence, careful- 
ness; stage-machine 
Diligent, e. a. diligent; quick 
Diiigenter, vn. to fia.-tm 
Dimanche, sm. Sunday 
Dime, Dixine, sf. tithe 
Dimension, dimtnsiun, size 
Dinier, va to tit'ie 
Dimeiir, dixmeur, sm. a tithcr; 

Diininuer, va. to dimini.<h; less- 
Diniinutif, ve. a. diminutive 

. sm. II diminutive 

Diminution, sf. — tion; decrease 
Diinissoire, sm. dimissory letter 
Dimissorial, e. a. dimissory 
Dinanderie, sf. brazier's ware 
Din-andier, sm. a brazvr 
Dinde, sf. a turkey-ken 
Diiidon, sm. a turkry-coek; a 

Dindoaneau, a turkey-pcwt 
Dindoniiier, a lurknj-herd 
Dindonriiere, sf. a country elow- 

dy; a turkey-keeper 
Dine, diner, sm. dinnrr 
Dinee, sf. the dining plare on a 

Diner, ca. to dine 
Dioc6&ain, sm. a diocesan 
Diocesain, e. a. of a bishop's 

DiocV'se, sm. diocese 
Dioptiique, </. dioptricts 
Dipihoiigne, a diphthong 
Diplomatique, — tical 
Diplouie, sm. diploma, charter 
Dire, va. * tdl, * say, * speak, * 

mciin, * bid 
Dire, sm. tchat one says; saying 
Direct, e. a. direct; straight 
Directe, sf. tenure in capite 
Direciemenl, ad. directly 
Directeur, rice. s. director; ma- 
nager; governess 
Direction, .-/. — tion, conduct 
Directoire, sm. directory; guide; 

Diriger, va. direct; rule: frame 
Dirimant, ante, a hindering, 

Discale, sm. tret; loaste 
Discernement, judgment, dif 

tinction; discretion 
Discerner, va. to discern 
Disciple, sm. disciple; pupil 
Disciplinable, 2. a. docile 
Discipline. .«/. discipline; scourge 
Discipliner, va. to discipline; to 

Discontinuation, sf. discontintt- 

Discontinuor, discontinue^ 

to cease; * give over 
T>\scouveitSLncK,sf. disagreement , 

Discouvenir, vn. to disagree; 

Discord, e. a. discording 
Discordant, e. dissonant; jat^ 

Discorde, sf. discord; variance; 

Discoider, va. to * be out of tun* 
Discoureur, se. s. a talker 
Discourir, vn. to discourse; to 

talk idly 
Discours, sm. discourse 

, figure, rhetoric 

Discourtois, e. a. discourteous, 

Discourloisie, sf. discourtesy 
Discredit, sm. discredit 
Discrct, e. discreet, wary 
DiscrfitemeiU, a/, discreetly 
Discretion, sf. — tion, wisdom 
Disculper, va. to exculpate; to 

Discursif, ve. o. —sive 
Discussif, ve. a. —sive 
Discussion, sf discussion; debate 
Disculer, va. to discuss; distrain 
Dist.'rt, e. a. copious; eloquent 
Discrtcnient, ad. at large; fully; 

Disette, sf. want; scarcity 
Disetteux, se. a. needy 
Diseur, se. .^. a teller 
Di.sLTace, sf. disgrace; misfor- 
Dis2racie, e. a. deformed; home' 

ly, out of favour 
Dissiacier, ra. to * put out of 

Dis'jrracieuscment, ad. disagree- 





I'iisgiacieux. se. a. disagreeable 
Oisgregation,s/. — twn {iiioptics) 
Disgreger, va. to separate {in 

Disjoindie, to disjoin 
Disjonctif, ve. a. disjunctive 
Disjonction, sf. disjunction 
Dislocation, bone out of joint 
Disloquer, va. to dislocate 
Disparat, e. a. unsuitable 
Disparate, sf. impertinence; od- 
Disparity, disparity; difference 
Disparition, disappearitig 
Disparoitre, vn. to disappear 
Dispendieux, se. a. expensive 
Dispcnsaire, sm. dispensatory 
Dispensateur, dispensator 
Dispensation, sf. —lion 
Dispensatrice, disposer 
Dispense, dispensation; license 
Dispenser, va. to dispense*ioilh; 

distribute, dispose, depose 
Se — , vr. to * forbear,* let alone 
Disperser, va. disperse, scatter 
Dispersion, sf. — tion 
Dispos, a. m. active, nimble 
Disposer, va. to dispose, * make 

over, enact 
Se— , vr, to * get ready; * be re- 
Dispositif, ve. a. preparatory 
Dispositif, enacting clause 
Disposition, sf. —tion, disposal; 

genius; good-will; mind 
Disproportion, —tion 
Disproportionne, e. a. — tionate, 

Disproportionner, va. to dispro- 
portion,* make unequal 
Dipputable, 2. a. disputable 
Dispute, sf. quarrel, dispute 
Disputer, va. dispute, contend 
Disputeur, sm. wrangler; dis- 
Discjue, disk, quoit 
Disquisition, s/. — tion, discussion 
Dissecteur, sm. —tor 
Dissection, sf. — tion 
Dissemblable, 2. a. unlike 
Dissemblance, sf. unlikencss 
Diss6miner, va. to disseminate 
Dissension, sf. dissention; strife 
Dissequer, va. to dissect 
Diss6queur, sm. an anatomist 

Dissertateur, author of a disser- 
Dissertation, sf. — tion 
Disserter, vn. to treat upon 
.Dissimilaire, 2. a. dissimilar 
Dissiniulateur,rice, s. dissembler 
Dissimulation, sf. — tion 
Dissimul6, e. a. dissembling 

, e. s. dissembler 

Dissimuler, va. to dissemble; to 

* take no notice of 
Dlssipateur, rice, s. spendthrift 
Dissipation, sf.—tion, waste 
Dissiper, tjjt. to dissipate, quash 
Se — , vr. to relax one's self 
Dissolu, e. a. dissolute, lewd 
Dissolvant, e. a. dissolving 

, sm. a. dissolvent 

Dissoluble, 2. a. dissoluble 
Dissolument, ad. lewdly 
Dissolutif, ve. a. dissolvent; dis- 
Dissolution, sf. — tion; lewdness 
Dissonance, dissonance 
Dissonant; e. a. discordant 
Dissoudre, ?ja. to dissolve; melt 
Dissuader, va. to dissua(ie 
Dissuasion, sf. — sion 
Dissyllabe, sm. dissyllable 

, 2. a. dissyllabical 

Distance, .sf. distance, interval 
Distant, e. a. remote 
Distention, sf. stretching 
Distillateur, sm. a distiller 
Distillation, sf. distilling 
Distiller, va. to distil; puzzle 

one's brains 
&e —en larmes, vr. to melt into 

Distinct, e. a. distinct, clear 
Distinctement, ad. distinctly 
Distinctif, ve. a. distinctive 
Distinction, sf. — tion, note 
DisUnguer, va. to distinguish; 

to note 
Se distinguer, va. to*makc one's 

self eminent 
Distique, sm. a distich 
Distorsion, sf. — tion 
Distraction, —tion, separation, 

absence of mind 
Distraire, va. to separate, to di- 
vert from; dissuade; quit 
Distribuer, vr to distribute, di- 
Distributeur, sm. —butor [vide 

Distributif, ve. —butive 
Distribution, sf. — tion 
Distributrice, she who distributes 
District, sm. district; precinct 
Dit, saying, apophthegm 
Ditiiyrambe, dithyramb 
Dilliyrambique, 2. a. dithyr ambit 
Diton, sm. second {in music) 
Divaguer, vn. to ramble; to * be 

Divan, sm. divan 
Divergent, e. a. — —gent 
Divers, e. a. diverse; many 
Diversement, ad. diversely 
Diversifier, va. to diversify,vai'y 
Diversion, sf. —sion 
Diversite, — sity, variety 
Divcrtir, va. to divert; embezzle; 

recreate; convert 
Se — ,vr. to*take one's pleasure, 

make merry or sport 
Divertissant, e. a. diverting, 

pleasant, entertaining 
Divertissement, sm. diversion; 
embezzlement; entertainment 
after a piny 
Dividende, dividend 
Divin, e. a. divine 
Divinateur,s7n. diviner ;conjurcr 
Divination, sf. —tion 
Divinement, ad. divinely 
Diviniser, va. to deiftj 
Divinil6, sf. divinity, deity 
Divis, 5/. division, share 
Diviser, va, to divide; part; dis- 
Diviseur, sot. divider; divi.?or 
Divisibility, sf. —lity 
Divisible, 2. a. divi-^iblc 
Division, sf. —sion, disunion 
Divorce, sm. divorce; variance 
Divorcer, va. to divorce; to sci^ri 

Diuretique, 2. a. sm. diuretic 
Diurnal, sm. daily prayer baJc 
Diurne, 2. a. diurnal 
Divulgation, sf. divulging 
Divulguer, va. to divulge 
Dlx,2. a. ten 
Dix-huit, 2. a. eighteen 
Dix-huitieme, cigliteentk 
Dixieme, 2. a. tmth 

, sm. tenth part 

— denier, '2s. in the pound 
Dixiememcnt, ad. tcnthly 





Dix-neuf, 2. a. vinetefA 
Dix-neuvieme, nine'eenth 
DiA-Sf pt, seventeer 
Dix-seplieiue, se'.entccnth 
Dizain, 5771. ast^Aza oftenverses 
Dizaine, sf. U n ; tithing 
Uizeau, sm. shvck; heap of ten 

sheaves of corn 
Dizenier, a litliing-man 
Docile, iJ. a. docile; tractable 
Docilemeiit, ad. docilely 
Docilitc, irf. docility 
Docle, 5. a. s. learned 
Dticteinfnit, ad. learnedly 
Ditcteur, sm. a doctor 
— regent, a professor 
Docioiai, e. a. doctoral 
Doctoral, sm. doctor's degree 
Doctorciie, sf. disputation for 

the degree of a doctor ofdivini- 
Doctriiiai, e. a. doctrinal [ty 
Doctrine, sf. doctri^ie, tenets 
Document, */. — mcnt; precrpt 
Dodinur, va. to rock [self 

Sedodiner. va. to pamper one's 
Dodo, svi. nurse's lullaby 
Dodu, e. a plump; fat 
Dojrat, sm. dignity of a doge 
Doge, a doge, chief magistrate 

0f yen ice 
{)i)gn\:i.Wi\vic.,sm .dogmatical style 
Dognialiquc, 2. a. —tical 
Dn^jmatiqupnient, ad. —cally 
Dogmatirfcr, vn. to* leach magis- 

tcridllii; to dogmatise 
Dogiiiaiiseiir, sm. a dogmatiser 
Dogmaliste, dogmatist 
Dogme, dogma, tenet 
I>')ric, a mastiff 
Dociiin, e. 5. whelp of a mastiff 
Drict, 5)". a.fvgcr; claw; digit 

(1;; pie, a toe 

DciK'ier. sm., cover for fingers 
Do!, fraud, deceit [ancc 

Df '' iirice, sf. complaint; gricv- 
l'nici:;nient, ad. inoanfxilly 
\)< '.: nt. r. a. doleful; querulous 
i"'Mcr, ra. tn plane 
I), 'inian, 5;n. a Turkiskdress 
Doloire, sf. plane; truss; adze 
Dom, sm. don; lord 
Domaine, domain; demesne 
Domanial, e. a. of ov belonging 

to a demesne 
Ddmr, sm. a cupola 

Domesticite,«/.tAc being servant 
Domestique, 2. a. domestic; tame 

, sm. a domestic of a house 

or family; servant 
Domestiqueraent, ad. servilely; 


Domicile, sm. dwelling-koiisc; 

abode [place 

Se domicilier, vr. to settle in a 

Dominant, e. a. reigning; ruling; 

Dominatcur, sm. ruler, lord 
Domination, sf. dominion 
Dominer, vn. to rule; predomi- 
nate; command 
Dominicain, sm. a Dominican, 

or -white-friar 
Doniinicaine, sf. dominican nun 
Domino, sm. short cloak 
Dominoterie, sf. paper-staining 
Dominotier, sm. paper-stainer 
Dommage, damage, loss 
Dommageable, 2. a damageable; 

Dompiable, donitable, 2. a. tame- 
Domp_ter, domier, va. to subdue; 
to tame [ror 

Dornptenr, domteur, sm. conpue- 
Don, a gift, knack 
Donataire, ^. donee 
Donateur, rice. s. a donor 
Donation, sf. grant; deed of gift 
Done, c. thcrcfure; then 
Dondon, sf. plump jolly woman 
Donjon, sm. a turret 
Donnanl, ante. a. generous (its 
chief use is with a nega(ion) 
— il n'est pas donnant, he is 
Donne, sf. dealing at cards 
Donn6es, sf. pi. data 
Donner, va. to give, * to father 

on; * deal; engage 
Donneur, se.s.a giver^in a slight 

Dont, pr. vhcreof; of whom 
Donzelle, sf. a young gentlewo- 
man (byway of ridicule) 
Dorade, dorado, (a fish) gilt head 
Dorenavant, ad. hencefurth 
Dorer, va. to * gild 
Doreur, sm. a gilder 
Dorien, a. s. Greek dialect, and 
Grcc/i music 

Dorique, a. s. J oric 
Dorioier, va. to fondle; pamper 
Dormant, e.a.sleiping, titgnant 
Dormeur, se 5. sltcpir 
Dormeuse, .«/. a sedan with a bed 

in; an easy chair 
Dormir, vn. to * sleep 

, sm. sleeping; sleep 

Dormitif, ve. a. soponjic 
Dortoir, sm. dormitoiy 
Dorurc, sf. gilding, washing 
Do?, sm. back; ridge 
Dosd'ane, shelving on both sides 
Dose, sf. a di se 
Dosse, plank, flitch of wood 
Dosserel, sm. a little pilaster jut- 
ting out 
Dossier, back of a sent or coach; 

head board of a Led; Jile of * 

law pup'rs , 

Dot, sf. a portion; dowry 
Dotal, e. a. of or pertaining tc » 

a dowry 
Doter, va. to endow, pvrlivn 
Douaire, sm. Jointure 
Douairiere, sf. a dowager 
Douane, custom-house; duty 
Douanier, sm. a custom-hovsi 

Double, 2. a. c^ouile, deceitful »- 

, sm. twofold, copy 

Donbleau, sm. chief arch; joist 
Douhlenieuf, aJ. duubly 
Doubier, ra to doidlt; to line; 

DovbletjStn false stone; doublets 

(at dice) 
Doublon, a doubloon 
Doublure, .•;/. a lining; siilstitute 
VoucK, a. f. sweet; mild; easy; 

T)ouceatre, 2. a. sw'cti.-h 
Doucenient, ad. softly; gently; . 

pretty will * 

Doucer'eux, ?e. sweetish; precise 
Doucette, sf. a prim woman; 

yenus's looking-glass 
Dnucet, te. a. s. affected 
Douceur, sf. sweetness; softness; 

mildni'ss; profit 
Douceurs, pi. swiet thing; fla' i 

terivg eTpre.'.?ions 
Douche, medical primping 
Doucher, va. to pump one 
Doucine, sf. waved moulding . 


Douer,«a. to * make a settlement; 

Douillage, sm. stuff badly woven 

Douille, sf. a socket 

Douillet, tc. a. soft; nice 

, siH. a self-lover 

Douillettenient, ad. tenderly 

Douleur, sf. pain; ache; grief 

Do\i.\o\iYeusii\mi\\.^ad. grievously 

Douloureux, se- a. painful; sor- 
rowful; tender 

Doute, sin. doubt; fear 

Douter, vn. to doubt; question 

Se — , vr. to suspect 

Douteuseinmit, ad. dubiously 

Douteux, se. a. doubtful 

Douvaiu, sni. wood Jit to make 
staves for casks 

Douve, sf. pipe-staff; sideboard 

Doux, a. wi. Douce, a. f. sweet; 
mild; easy; affable; soft; 

Douzaiiie, sf. a dozen 

Douze, 2. a. twelve 

Douziemement, ad. twelfthly 

Douzieme, 2. a. twelfth 

, sm. twelfth part 

Doyen, sm. dean, senior 

Doyenne, o dianry 

Draclime, diagme, sf. drachm 

Dracuucule, a small worm 

Drag6e, ."f. sugar-plum; small 

Drageoir, sm. a comfit-box 

Drageon, a sucker 

Drageonner, vn. to * shoot forth 

Dragon, sm. dragon; termagant; 

Dragonnade, ••/. dragooning 

Dragonner, va. to dragoon 

Drague, sf. grains; sand-shovel 

Draguer, va. to search something 
that lies under water 

Dramaiique, 2. a. dramatic 

, sm. dramatic poetry 

Drame, sm. a drama 

Drap, cloth, sheet 

mortuaire, a pall 

Drapeau, a pair of colours ; a 
rag; a clout 

Draper, va. to hang with mourn- 
ing; to mill stockings; to jeer; 
to * make cloth [ry 

Draperie, sf. cloth-trade; drape- 


Drapier, s7n. a woollen-draper ; 
a cloth-maker 

Dreche, sf. malt 

Drege, sort of net for turbots 

Drelin, sm. tingle 

Dresse, sf. a piece of leather to 
underlay a shoe 

Dresser, va. to * make straight ; 
raise; train up; direct 

Se — , vr. to * rise, * stand up 

Dressoir, sm. a sideboard 

Drille, a fellow; hard oak 

, sf. old rag to make paper 


, a borer, piercer 

Driller, vn. to scour away 

Drillier, sin. a collector of old 

Drogman, intei-preter 

Drogue, sf. a drug; a sorry com- 
modity; stuff 

Droguer, va. to physic too much; 
give bad remedies 

Se — , vr. to * take remedies with- 
out proper care 

Droguerie, sf. drugs 

Droguet, sm. drugget 

Droguier, a virtuoso^ s cabinet ; 

Droguiste, a drxtggist 

Droit, e. a. strait ; right ; just ; 
upright; good; up 

— , sm. right ; law ; claim ; fee; 
tax; equity; pn'oilege 

— divin, sm. divine law 

— naturel, law of nature 

— canon, canon law 

— civil, civil law 

— commun, common law 

— des gens, law of nations 
Droit, ad. straight; directly 
Droite, sf. the right hand 

— (d'une arm6e) right wing 
Droilement, ad. uprightly; wise- 
ly; sincerely; roundly 

Droitier, e. a. right-handed 
Droiture, sf. uprightness 
d'esprit, soundness of rea- 
Drole, 2. a. droll; funny; co- 

— de corpfl, comical or queer 

Dr6Ie, sm. fellow 
Drolemeni, ad. comically 



Dr6Ierie,5/. drollery, merry trick 
Drolesse, a wench 
Drouiadaire, sm. dromedary 
Drouine, sf. a tinker^ s bag 
Drouineur, sm. a tinker 
Dm, e. a. fledged; brisk; thick; 

pert; rank-close 
Druide, sm. a druid 
Dryade, sf. a dryad 
Du, sm. due; duty 
Du, art. some, of the, from, from 


— nioins, at least 

— tout, at all 

Du, e. a. due, owing, owed; ought 
Dubitation, sf. — tion 
Dubitative, a.f. —tive 
Duo, sm. duke; horn-owl 
Ducal, e. a. ducal 
Ducale, sf. patent of the Vene- 
tian state 
Ducat, sm. ducat 
Ducaton, ducatonn 
Duch6, dutchy, dukedom 

— pairie, sf. dutchy, peerdom 
Ducliesse, sf. dutchess 
Ductile, 2. a. malleable 
Ductilil6, sf. malleableness 
Du6gne, duenna, governess 
Duel, sm. duel; also dual num- 
ber in Greek nouns 

Duelliste, a duellist 

Duire, v. to fit, or please; train 
up (old) 

Duit, 0. a. trained up ; instruO 

Dulcifier, va. to dulcorate 

Du!cin6e, sf. sweetheart 

Dulle, culte de dulie, sm. wor- 
ship of the saints 

Dument, duement, ad. duly 

Dunes, sf. pi. downs 

Dunette, sf. poop (of a ship) 

Duo, sm. duct 

Dupe, sf. a dupe; bubble; ninny 

Duper, va. to dupe; to gull 

Duperie, sf. fraud; cheat 

Duplicata, sm. a duplicate 

Duplication, sf. —tion 

Duplicit6, —city; double deah 

Duplique, rejoinder, duplicate 

Dupliquer, va. to rejoin 

Duquel, pro. of whom, ofiokieh, 





Dur, e. a. hard; firm; tough; 
harsh; stale; sad; cruel; 

— d'oreillc, dull of hearing 

— a la desserre, close-fisted 

— a la fatigue, hardened to fa- 

Dure-mere, sf. dura mater 
Dure, ground, fioor 
Durable, 2. a. lasting 
Duraine, sf. a sort of peach 
Duraiit, pr. during 

que, ad. whilst, uhen 

Durcir, va. to harden; to dull 
Se — , vr. to * grow hard 
Dur6e, sf. duration; continu- 
Durement, ad. hard; harsh; 

UiiTtr,,vn. to last; * hold out; 

* abide 
Duret, te. a. somewhat hard 
Durete, sf. hardness; harshness; 

roughness; cruelty 

d'oreille, dvlnrss of hearing 

(de style) roughness 

(de pinceau) stiffness 

Durct6s, pi. hard words 
DunWon, sm. callosity ; hard skin 
Duriuscule, 2. a. somewhat hard 
Duvet, sm. down; ease 
Duvcteux, se. a. downy 
Duumviiat, sm. a magistracy 

among the Romans 
Duumvirs, sm. pi. the name of 

some Roman magistrates 
Dynaniique, sm. — mics 
Dynaste, sm. a petty sovereign 

Dj-nastie, sf dynasty 
Dysyonlerie, bloody flux 
Dy-snenterique, 2. a. sm. one af- 

fiiclcd with the bloody flux 
Dy?uiie, sf. dysury; ritcnlion of 



IIAU, sf. water ■ rain; toet, 
A tears; gloss; juice 
Eau douce, fresh water 
— d<^ mer, salt water 
— de fontaine, spring water 
- de source, spring water 

Eau de puiis, pump water 

— de riviere, rirer water 

— rose, rose water 

— (lustre,) water or gloss 

— de vie, aqua-vitcc, brandy 

— regale, aqua rcgnlis 

— forte, aqua fortis 

— d'arquebusade, arquebusade 

S'6bahir, vr. to * be amazed 
Ebahissement, sm. wondering 
Ebarber, va. to shave; barb 
Ebaroui, e. a. desiccated 
Ebat, Ehattement, sm. diversion 
S'6battre, rr. * make, or be merry 
Ebauhi, e. amazed 
Ebauche, sf. a sketch, rough 

Ebaucher, v. sketch, rough hew 
Ebauchoir, sm. chisel, hatchet 
Ebaudir, ra. cheer, * make merry 
Ebe, sf. ebb, low water 
Ebene, ebony 
Eb6nrr, va. to * give wood the 

colour of ebony 
Ebenier, sm. an ebony tree 
Ebenistc, a cabinet-maker 
Eblouir, va. to dazzle 
Eblouissant, e. a. dazzling 
Eborgner, vn. to * put out an eye; 

to blind 
S'ebouffer de rire, to * burst in- 
to laughter (low) 
Ebouillir, vn. to overboil 
Eboulcment, sm. falling dojm 

{of a building) 
Ebouler, vn. to * fell doicn 
Eboulis, sjn. rvbhi.'h 
Ehourgeonncment, pruning lurgconner, V a. to prune vines; 

Ebourgconneur, sm. apruner 
Ebourifft, e. a. disordered with 

the wind 
Ebrancliement, sm. lopping, 

Ebrancher, va. to * lop off the 


Ebranler, va. to * shake; stagger 
S'— , vr. to move, * give way 
Ebrecher, ra. to notch 
Ebrcner, to clean a child 
Ebri6t6, 5/. drunkenness 

Ebrillade, j«-;t with the bridle 
S'ebrouer, vr. to snort 
Ebruitcr, vn. to divulge 
S'— , vr. to * be talked of; to 

* take air 
Ebullition, 5/. ebullition; blotch; 

Ecacliement, sm. bruising 
Ecacher, vn. to * crush; squa^ 
Ecacheur d'or, sm. gold-beatc. 
Ecaille, sf. scale; shell 
Ecail!6, e. a. scaly 
Ecaillor, v. to scale, vnscale 
S' — , vr. to peel off' 
Ecailleur, sm. oyster-man 
Ecailleux, se. a. scaly 
Ecale, 5/. a shell nf walnut, Se 
Ecaler, ra. to shell 
S' — , vr. to come off 
Ecarbouiller, va. to * crush; 

Ecarlate, sf. scarlet 
cramoisie, scarlet dyed in 

Ecarlatine, fievre tcarlatine, 

Eccrnuiliement, sm. spreading 

Ecarquiller les jambes, va. to 

Ecart, sm. ramble; cards laid out 
EcarteI6, e. a. quartered; quar- 
Ecarteler, va. to quarter 
Ecarter, to disperse ; * mislead ; 

discard; avert; scatter 
S'drarter, vr. to ramble; swerve; 

to lo.9e 
Eccl<^siaste, sm. Ecclesiastes 
Ecck-siastique, Ecclesiasticus 

-, churchman 

, 2. a. ecclesiastic 

Ecclesiastiqucment, ad. ecclesi- 
Ecervel6, e. a. hairbrainei, 

Ecbafaud, sm. a scaffold 
Echafaudage, scaffolding 
Ecbafauder, vn. to scaffold 
Ecliala.s, sm. a prop for a vine; 

a pole 
Eclialasstment, sm. propping 
EchaJasser, va. to prop a vine 
Echalier, sm. a fence 
Echalote, sf. shalot, scallion 





Ecbancrer, wo. to * cut sloping 
Ecljancrure, 5/. a slope 
Ecljange, sm. exchange; barter- 
Ecliunger, va. to exchange; bar- 
ter; * chop 
Ecliauson, sm. a cup-bearer 
Echansoiiiieiie, sf. the king''s 

Echaniillon, sm. sample; pat- 
Echantilloner, va. examine by 
the standard; * cut out pat- 
Echappade, sf. mistake, slip 
Echappatoire, a come off; a 

I^happee, a prank 

de vue, a vista, prospect 

Ecliapper, va. to escape; * let 
fall; * forget one's self; * slip 
Echarde, sf. splinter 
Ecliardunuer, va. to pull out the 

Echarpe, sf. a scarf; a sling for 

the arm 
Echarper, va. to slash 
Ecliars, e. a. niggardly 
Echars (vents) shifting icinds 
Echasics, j)l. stilts; pules 
Echaubuule, e. a full of pimples 
Ecliauboulur*.', sf. a pimple 
Echaude, sm. folding-stool; sim 

ncl; bun 
Ecbaudcr, va. to scald 
S'6ciiauder, vr. to * burn one's 
fingers by ill success in some 
ufair; to smart 
Echaudoir, sm. scalding-home 
Ediaurt'aison,.«/. anoocr-hcating 

one's self 
Echauffement, em. heating ; 

Echautfer, va. to heat; warm; 

stir up 
S'6chaaffer,ua.«o over-hrat one's 

self; * grow angry; fume 
Ecliauffiire, sf. red pimple 
EcliaurKjuiee, a rash enterprise; 
^ a bajjle 
EcJiauguelte, spying-place 
Eclieance, expiration 
V^cliec, sm. ehech; loss; jn awe 
— k, mat., ch'ck-mate 
Echccr?, sm. pi, chcsa 

Echeletto, sf. a little ladder 
Ecbelle, a ladder; scale; a 
trading seaport town in the 

de rubaiis. a stomacher of 

Echellon, sm. a ladder-step 
Echeniller, vn. to clear of cater- 
Echeveau, sm. a skein 
Echevele, e. a. dishevelled 
Echevin, sm. a sheriff 
Rchevinage, sheriffalty 
Ecliine, sf. chine; spine 
Echinee, a chine {of pork) 
Echiner, va. to * break the head; 

to knock on the head 
Echiqufct6, e. a. checkered 
Ecliiquier, sm. a chess-board; 

Echo, sm. an echo; a tool 
Echomtitre, a scale to measure 

Echoir, vn. to expire; * fall due; 

* fall out: happen 
Echoppe, sf. stall; flat graver 
Ecliouenicnt, sm. running a- 

Echouer, vn. to * run aground; 

to miscarry 
Ecliu, e. a. expired; fallen out 
Ecimer, va, to * cut the top of a 

Eciabousser, to splash 
Eclaboussure, sf.thc dirt or wa- 
ter one is splashed with 

Eclair, stn. lightning. Com- 

me un 6clair, in a trice 
Eclaircir, va. to clear; clarify, 

thin; inform; unfold 
S'eclaircir, vr. to * become clear; 

to inform one's self 
Eclaircissement, sm. explication; 

Eclair^, e. a. lightsome; know- 
ing; understanding 
Eclairer, va. to light; enlight- 
en; sparkle; watch 

, vn. to glitter; shine 

Eciaiicho, sf. a leg (of mutton) 
Ecljit, sm. pomp; lustre; splen- 
dour ; brightne.'is ; clap, up- 
roar; burst; noise 
Eclataut, e. a. shining; bright; 

Eclater, vn. to burst; crack; 

shiver; to exclaim; glitter 
Eclipse, sf. eclipse 
Eclipser, va. to eclipse 
S'6clipser, vr. to vanish away; 

to * be eclipsed 
Faire 6clipser, to eclipse; to help 

to make one's escape 
Ecliplique, «/. the ecliptic 
Eclisse, splint; cheese-vat; side 

of a lute, 4"C. 
Eclisser, va. to splint 
Eclopp6, e. a. lame 
Eclorre, va. to * be hatched; 

* blow; peep; come to light 
Ecluse, sf. a sluice; dam 
Eclusee, sluice full of water 
Ecolatre, sm. professor in divi- 
Ecole, sf. a school, college 
Ecolier, e. s. a scholar 
Econduire, va. refuse; shift off 
Economat, stewardship 
Econoine, 2. a. s. saving; a 

steward; housekeeper 
Economie, s/. economy, order 
Econoniiquft, 2. a. economical 

, sm. economics 

Economiquement, ad. frugally 
Ecoiiomiser, va. to use sparing 

ly; to manage well 
Ecorce, 5/. bark; shell; peel; 

Ecorcer, va. to peel 
Ecorclier, va. to flay; to gall; to 

exact upon 
S'6corcber, * tear off one's skiiu- 

* be galled 
Ecorchfrie, sf. slaughter-house; 
exorbitant demand [tioncr 

Ecorcbeur, sm. a flayer; extor~ 
Ecorcliure, sf. excoriation 
Ecore, a steep shore 
Ecorner,i;o. to * break the horns, 
curtail; * break the corners of 
a thing 
Ecoriiitler, to spungc 
EcorniHerie, .«/. spunging 
Ecoriiitieur, se. 5. sp anger 
Eco.*se, sf. shill; pod; Scotland 
Ecosser, va. to sh'll 
Ecosseur, se. s he, or she whD 

are shelling 
Ecot, sm. scot; club; company; 





Ecouane, 5/. mint-file 
Kcouaiier, va. to file off gold or 

silver to its standard 
Ecoiifle, sm. a hawk; kite 
YLcoMlexaenl^ flawing; illapse 
Ecouler, va. to * run, or flow 

S'^couler, vr. to * slide away 
Ecoiirgeon, sf. a species of bar- 
Ecourtcr, va. to * crop 
Ecoutaiit, e. a. s. hearer 
Ecoute, sf. a private place for 

Ecouter, va. to hear, listen; to 

hearken; to mind 
Ecouteur, sni. a listener 
Ecouleux, a. skittish 
Ecoatille, sf. scuttle, hatch 
Ecouvetle, a brush 
Ecouvillon, sm. mop; drag 
Ecouviilonner, va. to sweep with 

a drag 
Ecran, sm. a screen 
Ecraseraent, crushing 
Ecraser, va. to crush; squash; 

Ecremer, to skim milk 
Ecrevisse, sf. crawfish; lobster; 

the sign Cancer 
S'ftcrier, vr. cry out; exclaim 
Ecrin, sm. a jewel-box 
Ecrire, va. to * write 
Ecrit, sm. a writing, work 
Ecriteau, bill; sign; title 
Ecritoire, .<?/. an inkstand 

de table, standish 

Ecriture, writing, scripture 

— Sainte, the Bible 

Ecrivain, sm. a writer; purser 

of a ship 
Eciou, nut of a screw 

, gaoler's book 

Ecrouelles, the king's evil 
Ecrouer, va. to enter into the 

gaoler's book;delicer by scrolls 
Ecrouir, va. to cold-beat metals 
EcrouissementjSm.fAe cold-beat- 
ing of metals 
Ecr6u\tmiiiH, falling in 
Ecroiiler, vn. to * shake down 
S'ecrouler, vr. to * fall down, to 

* give way 
Ecroutcr, va. to * cut off the 


Ecru, e. a. raw {of silk and 

Ecu, sm. shield ; escutcheon ; 

crown piece 
Ecubiers, sm. pi. hawsers 
Ecueil, a rock; sands; shelf 
Ecuelle, sf. a porringer 
Ecuell6e, a porringer full 
Eculer, va. to * tread down at 

the hsel 
Ecume, sf. scum, froth, foam, 

Ecumer, va. to foam; skim 
Ecunier les mers, to infest the 

Ecumeur de mer, sm. a pirate 

de inamiite, a spunger 

Ecumeux, se. a. frothy 
Ecuuioire, sf. a skimmer 
Ecurer, va. to scour, cleanse 
Ecureuil, sm. a squirrel 
Ecureur, a scavenger 
Ecureuse, sf. a char-woman 
Ecurie, stable; equipage 
Ecusson, sm. an escutcheon 
Ecussonner, va. to ingraft 
Ecu5Scnnoir, sm. grafting knifes 
Ecuyer, esquire; gentleman of 
the horse; riding-master; gen- 
tleman usher; equerry; groom 
Ecuyer tranchant, a carver 
Edent6, e. a. toothless 
Edenter, va. to * break a tooth, 

notch, <S,-c. 
Edifiant, e. a. edifying 
Edificaleur, sm. a builder 
Edification, sf. —tion; improce- 

inent; edifying 
Edifice, sm. edifice; building; 

Edifier, va. to edify; improve; 

Edile, sm. edile 
Edi]it6, sf. office of an edile 
Edit, sm. edict, ordinance 
Editeur, an editor 
Edition, sf. edition, impression 
Edredon, sm. fine down [tion 
Education, sf. —tion; instruc- 
Edulcoration, swufening 
Edulcorer, va. to sweeten 
Effacable, 2. a. that may be ef- 
Effacer, va. to efface; strike out; 
deface; blot out 

Effacure, sf. blot; dash; cross 
Eifare, e. a. sacred; aghast 
S'^narer, vr. to * be scared 
Eiiarouctior, va. to fright; to 

disgust; to startle 
S'elfarouclier, vr. to * grow wild 

or fierce 
Eifautilcr, va. to baste; to * 

draw a thread 
S'eiiauliier, vr. to unravel; to 

* drop a stitch 

Effeciii, ve. a. — live, effectual 
Etieclivement, ad. really 
Eliectcur, va. to effect, perform 
Eifemine, e. a. effeminate 
Eifeminer, va. to effeminate 
Edeivescencc, sf. ebullition 
EU'et, sm. effect; deed; execu- 
tion; design; product 
EiieuiUer, va. to * strip off 

Etiicace, 2. a. efficacious 

sf. efficacy, fores 

Efficaceinem, ad. tffectually 
Efficacit6, sf. influence, virtue 
Efficient, e. a. efficient 
Effiiio, sf. effigy, likeness 
Eliigier, va. to execute in effigy 
Effile, sm. fringe 
Effile, e. a. slender; unwoven 
Effiler, va. to unweave; unravel 
Effiloclier, draw threads 
Etfianquer, to * make lean 
ElUeurer, to glance on 
Efloiidrer, va. to * break into; 

* draw afoul; * sink 
S'efi'ondrer, vr. to sink down 
ElTondrilles, sf. pi. grounds; 

S'eilorcer, vr. to * strive; to 

* do one's endeavours 
EtTort, sm. effort, attempt, en 

Elfraction, sf. burglary 
Ellrayant, e. a. frightful 
Eflfrayei, va. to frighten; scare 
Effr6ne, e. o. unruly 
Effriter une terre, to exhaust a 

Effroi, sm. fright; trrror 
Eifronl6, e. a. shameless 

, e. s. brazen face 

EiTrontement, ai. impudently 
Effrontcrie, sf. effrontery; im 






Eifioy.ible, 2. a. frightful; hi- 
deous [liorribly 
EfCvoy aW^mtiUt, ad. frightfullij; 
Effusion, sf. effusion; overflow- 
Egal, e. a. s. equal; even 
Egalcinent, ad. equallij; alike 
Egaler, va. equal; * make even., 

coiiiparc; match 
S'egaler, vr. to cojnpare one's 
self [equal 

Egalisation, sf making shares 
Egaliser, va. to equalize 
Egalite, sf. equality, evenness, 

rights of man 
Egaid, sni. regard, respect 
Egai'6, e. a. wandering, wild 
Egarenieiit, sm. going out of the 

way, wandering, mistake 
Egarer, va. to * mislead; to mis- 
lay a thing 
S'egarcr, va. to lose one's way; 

to wander 
Egayer, va. to enliven; rejoice 
Egi(ie, sf. .Jupiter's shield; wgis 
Eglaiitier, sm. eglantine; sweet- 
I Eglantine, sf wild rose 
Eglise, a church; religion 
Eglogue, an eclogue 
Egoiser, vn. to cgolizn 
Eg()i:«iiie, sin. egolisiit 
I Egoiste, 2. ."?. an egotist 

Egorger, va. to * cut the throat; 

to slaughter 
fe'egiisiller, or. to * make one's 

Ihroat sore by vociferation 
r>_'()iit, sin. running "f watirrs; 
(amnion setter; sink; housc- 
E^iiiillfr, vn. to drain 
H't'goiitKir, vr. to drain 
J'.L"iiitt()ir, ;>•/(/. a drainer 
i'uraligiior, ■««• to scratch 
I I'liiaiigiieiir, ««;. s. scratchrr; 
i pinker 

Fgraiigmire, .</. a scratch 
\ I'gravilloiincr, va to imgravcl 
j l"'ji>'iier, to * shake out the grain 
[._'ii!lar(I, e. a. .uprightly; mct- 
tli .<onic; pert; wanton. 
\ Fill iser, va. to * grind diamonds 
j ] ;;ii isoir, sm. a box for grinding 

I Epv.iieoir, a mortar 

Egruger, va. to grate, scrape 

Egiugeure, sf. grating 

Egueuler, va. to * break the gul- 
let of a pot, (J-c. 

Egyptien, ne. s. gipsy; Egyptian 

Eii ! int. ah! alas! 

Eliancli6, e. a. hipshot 

Elionte, e. shameless 

EJiouper, va. to * cut the top of 
a tree 

Ejaculation, sf. —tion 

Ejaculateur, sm. — lator 

Ejaculatoire, 2. a. — latory 

Elaboration, sf. — tion 

EIabour6, e. a. wrought, done 

Elaguer, va. to * lop, to prune 

Elan, sm. an elk 

Elaiiccinent, pungency ; shoot- 
ing of a pain; ejaculation 

Eiaiicer, vn. to rush upon; shoot 

Elan, sm. jerk, leap, rapture 

Elargir, va. to widen; release; 

Elaigissement, sm. enlargement; 

Elargissure, sf. widening piece 

Elaslicit6, — city 

Elastique,2. a. clastic 

Electeur, sm. an elector 

Eloctif, ve. a. elective 

Election, 5/ — tion, choice 

Electoral, o. — ral 

Electoral, sin. — rate;clcctor.';hip 

Electrice, .■>/ clrctorcss 

Eleclricite, —city 

Electricjue, 2 a. rlrctric 

Electriser, na. to electrify 

El(;ctuaire, sm. an dcctuary 

l^leganinicnt, ad. elegantly 

Elegance, sf. elegance 

Elegant, e. a. elegant, fine 

Elegiaque,2. a. elegiac 

Elegie, sf. an elegy 

El<^inent, .<.///. element 

Elenientaire, 2. a. — tary 

Elephant, sm. an drpkinl 

Ele valit m ,sf. rising g ran n d;prc- 
ferment; front view; exalta- 
tion; htiglit 

Elevatoire, sm. elevator 

Eleve, a jrupil; disciple 

Eleve, e. a. bred, educuVd 

Elever, va. to raise; exalt; pre- 
fer; * bring xip; cztul, * puff up 

S'6Iever, vr. to * rise, arise; 
* bear off; raise; * grow proud 

Eievure, sf. pimple; blister 

Elider, va. to * make an elision 

Eligibility, sf. —lity 

Eligible, 2. a. eligible 

S'elimer, vr. to * wear out 

Elire, va. to elect, * choose 

Elision, sf. elision 

Elite, choice; best part 

Elixir, s7n,. elixir 

Elle, pro. f. she, her; it 

Elles, they, them 

Ellebore, sm. /lellebore 

Ellipse, .<;/. ellipsis 

Ellii)tiqiic, 2. a —tical 

Elocutid'i, .<'/. —ti'jn; styl 

Eloge, sm. clog'!, praise 

Elogiste, elogist 

Eloign6, e. a. removed, distant 

Eloignement, sm. removal; ab- 
sence; distance; aversion; ea- 

Eloigner, va. to remove; delay; 
alienate; estrange; * withhold 

S'61oignier, vr. remove; * for- 
sake; fail 

S' de bon devoir, to * be 

toanting in orie's duty 

S' de son sujet, to ramble 

from one's subject 

Elongation, .tf. —tion 

Eloqueninient, ad. cloquentljf 

Eloquence, sf. eloquence 

Eloquent, e. a. eloquent 

Elu, e. a. elected; chosen 

Elucidation, */. —tion; cxposi- 

Eluder, va. to elude; frustrate 

Elysee, sin. clysium 

Chanqis elysres, ("Mysiens, ely 
siiiv, happy fields 

Email, sm. enamel 

Eniailler, va. to enamel 

Eniailleur, sm. an cnamcller 

Eniailiure, sf. evamelling 

V,n\a.\\i\\'wn,is suing from, Ulapse 

Ernancipaiion, — tion 

Einanciper, va. to emancipate; 
*#( Set free 

S'enianci|jer, vr. to * take too 
much liberty 

Enianer, vn. to emanate; to prif 
cced from; issue 

Eniasculation, .«/. —tion 



Emasculer, va. to emasculate 
Emaux, sm. colours, enamels 
Embabouiner, va. to inccigle 
Eniballage, sm. packing up ; 

packer s fee 
Emballer, va. * pack up; banter 
Enballeur, sm. packer; roman- 
Embargo, an embargo 
Embarquement, embarkation ; 

Embarquer, va. to embark; to 

Embarras, sm. embarrassment; 

impediment; trouble; crowd 
Embarras d'esprit, perplexity of 

Embarrassant, e. a. troublesome; 

Embarrasser, va. to embarrass; 

encumber; perplex 
S' — , vr. to * be at a stand; en- 
tangle one's self; * bepuzzled 
Embarrill^, e. a. barrelled up 
Embater, va. to * put on a pack- 
saddle; to tease 
Enibauchage, S771. hiring; decoy- 
Fmbaticher, va. to hire; decoy 
Embaucheur, sm. a recruiter 
Embaumement, embalming 
Embauiucr, va. to embalm; per- 
Enib6guiner, muffle up 
S'omb6gruincr, vr. to * be infa- 
tuated 7Cith 
Embellir, va. to embellish; adorn; 

* set off 
— , vn. to * grow handsome 
Ejnbellissement, sm. embellish- 
S'emberlucoquer, va. to * be 
fondly taken vp with a thing; 
blind one's self 
Einbesogni!, e. a. busy 
Krnblavcr, va. * sow with com 
Emblavure, «/. a piece of land 

sown with corn 
Emblematique, 2. a. —tical 
Bmbi(ime, sm. an emblem - 
Embler, va. to * steal, purloin 
Emboire, to soak in 
Emboiser, to coax, gull, decoy 
Emboiseur, se. s. a coaxer 
Kmboilcraent, .im. jointing 


Einboiter, va. to joint; * set in, 

put in a box 
Enibciture, tf. a joint 
Embonpoint, sm. a good case 
Enibordurer, va. to frame 
Eniboucliement, sm. mouthing 
Eiuboucher, va. to bit a horse; 

* give one his cue 
S'emboucher, vr. to discharge 

(as a river) 
Embouchoir, sm. a boot-tree 
Embouchure, sf. river's mouth; 

bit; mouthpiece; socket 
Embouer, va. to dirty with mud 
Embouquer,Ba. to enter a strait; 

to * begin 
Emboufbe, e- a. mired 
Embourber, va. to * put into the 

mire, or mud 
S' — , va.* be mired; to entangle; 

* sink; pester 
Embourer, va. to stuff 
Embourrure, sf. stuffing 
Emboursemeiil, sm. pocketing 
Embourser, va. to pocket up 
Embrasement, sm. conflagra- 
tion; commotion 

Embraser, va. to * set on Jire; 

S'— , vr. * take fire; * burn 
Ernbrassade, sf. embrace; hug 
Embrar^scment, sm. embrace 
Embrasser, va. to embrace; com- 

prihend; encompass 
Embrasure, sf. embrasure; port- 
holes; chamfrctting 
Embrcner, va. to foul; to dirty 
Einbi ion, sm. embryo 
Embrocation, sf. — lion 
Embrochcr, va. to spit 
Embrouilleincut, sm. confusion; 

Embrouiller, va. to perplex; to 

Embruin6, e. a. blasted; spoiled 
Embrum6, e. a. foggy 
Eml)uche, .s/. ambush; snares 
Embuscade, ambuscade 
S'embiisquer, vr. * lie in ambush 
Emender, va. to amend 
Emeraude, sf. emerald 
Eniftrgftnt, a emergent 
Emeri, sm emery 
Em6rilIon, merlin 
ErnerUlonn6, e. sprightly; merry 


Erne rite, s. a. who has served hit 

Emersion, sf. emersion 
S'euierveiiler, vr. to wonder 
F^metique, 2. a. emttic 
Emeule, sf. uproar; commotion 
Emeutir, vn. to mute; to dung 
Emier, va. to crumble 
Emietter, va. to crumble bread 
Emigration, sf. — tion 
Emigr6, e. a. emigrated 
Emigrer, vn. to emigrate; * leave 

one's country 
Emincer, va. to * cut thinner 
Eminemment, ad. eminently 
Eminence, sf. eminence; hillock 
Eminent, e. a. eminent; immi 

nent; high; lofty 
Eminenlissime, 2. a. most emi- 
Emir, sm. emir 
Emissaire, emissary, spy 
Emission, sf ejection; emission 
Emmagasiner, va. to store 
Emmailktler, to swathe 
Emmanclier, to haft; helve 
Emmancheur, sm. a haftcr 
Emmantcle, c. a. lovered with a 

Emmanteli^c, (corneille) sf. a 

Emniarin^, e. a. hardened in 

Emmarincr, va. to man a skip 
Eniminagement, sm. the fur- 
nishing of a house 
S'emm6nager, vr. to provida 

one's self with furniture 
Emmener,ra. to carry away; to 

* lead 
Emruenoter, to handcuff 
Emniieller, to sweeten with Ao- 

nry. flatter 
Emmiellure, sf. ointment for 

F!mmilouflor, va to mnfflic up 
Emmortaisei, to murii.ic 
Emmuseler, to muzzle 
Emoi, SMI. trouble, anxiety 
Emollient, e. a. rtno'limt 
F'.moliinient, sm. emotumciii 
F^mo!um<nter, vn. te gain 
Emonctoire, .«/.T. twunctory 
En)onder, vn. to prune. * top 
Emoiui' s, .</. branches lopped 





Emonde, dung of birds of prey 
Emotion, emotion; insurrection 
Emotter, va. to break clods 
Eiiioucher, va. to * rid of flies 
Eaioucliet, sm. musket-hawk 
Einouchette, sf. a horse-cloth to 

* keep off the flies 
Emouciieur, sm. a fly-driver 
I'mouclioir, fly-flap 
Cinou'lre, ra. to* grind {knives, 

l.Diouleur, sm. a grinder 
uousser, va. to blunt; dull 
iiouvoir, to move; affect; ex- 
cite; stir up; start 
I.Hipailleur, se. s. chair-viender 
Euipailler, va. to * put in^ ox fill 
icith straw 

iipalement, sm. impaling 
; I paler, va. to impale 
i nijiaii, sm. a span 
Enipanacher, vn. to adorn with 

Eiiipaqiieter, to * make into a 

bundle; to * pack up 
i-^'emparer, rr. to seize; invade 
Einpa.siue, sm. perfume 
Empaleuient, base of wall 
Empater, va. to * make gluish; 

to join together 
Empillure, sf. joining together 
Empauiner, va. grasp, wheedle 
Empdchemont, sm. hinderance; 

obstacle; impediment 
Einpcclier, va. to hinder; pre- 
vent; disturb; stop 
Seiupecher, va. to * forbear 
V.Mpe'i'^no, sf. the upper leather 

of a shoe; a vamp 
Enipeniielle, a little anchor 
Einpcniier, va. to J'eafhcr 
I'nipeieur, sm. an emperor 
I'lnpesage, starching 
"'.inpeser, va. to starch 
1 inpeseur, se. 5. a stai-cher 
}'. ill pester, va. to infect 
( Jiipetrcr, to entangle; engage 
}"inpliase, sf. emphasis, energy 
["luphatique, 2. a. — tical 
Emphatiqiunnenl, ad. — tically 
Einphj't6(»se, .«/. a long lia^e 
Eniphyteotp, ou Einphyteutaire, 
s. he, or She who enjoys a long 
Enipi6ter, va. to 'mcroach 

Empiffremeiit, sm. guttling 
Eiiipifl'rer, va. to guttle, cram 
Empirlrerie, sf. cramming 
Empiier, va. to pile tip 
Empire, sm. empire; command; 

sway; power 
Empirer, va. to * viake worse 

, vn. to * grow worse 

Empirique, 2. a. —rical 
Empiiisrne, sm. empiricism 
Emplacement, state ; seat ; 

ground; place 
Emplatre, sf. a plaster 
Empletle, a bargain; purchase 
Emplir, va. to Jill; fill up 
Eaiploi, sm. use made of any 

thing; employment; office 
Employer, va. to use, to employ 
S'einploycr, vr. to apply one's 

self; use one's interest 
Emplmuer,i)a. to feather; to pen 

{a spinnel, &c.) 
Empocher, to pocket up 
Empolgner, to gripe, grasp 
Empois, sm. starch diluted 
Empoisonnemenl, poisoning 
Empoisonner, va- to poison; to 

infect; to put an ill construc- 
tion upon 
Empoisoniieur, se. s. poisoner 
Einpoisser, va. to pitch over 
Empoissonnement, sm. stocking 

a pond with fish 
Empoissonner, va. to stock a 

pond with fish 
Emporl6, e. a. s. passionate; 

Emportenienl, 57/1. passion 
Em porte-pie ce,»( ipp ing- tool; bit- 
ter jest 
Emporter, va. to carry away; 

excel; prevail; obtain; * take 


— la balance, to prevail; turn 
the scale 

— line place, to * take a town 

— de haute lute, to carry one's 
point with a high hand 

S'emporter, va. to * fly into a 

pa.'! si on 
Empoter, va. to pot; enclose in 

pots of earth 
Empourpre, e. a. bloody 
Empreindre, va. to imprint 
EinpTeinie,sf. impression; stamp 

Empressd', e. a. eager; tn haste 
Empressement, sm. eagerness, 

earnestness, haste 
S'empresser, vr. to * be eager 
Emprisonnemenl, sm, imprh 

Emprisonner, va. to imprison 
Emprunt, sm. borrowing 
Empiunter, va. to borrow 
Emprunteur, se. s. boi rower 
Empuantir, va. to cause an ill 


Empuantissement, sm. stench 
Empyr6e, a. empyreal 
Emu, e. a. moved; angry 
Emulatcur, sm. a rival 
Emulation, sf. emulation 
Emule, sm. rival competitor 
Emulgent, e. a. emulgent 
Emulsion, sf. emulsion 
En, pr. in, into, for, by; of; like 

— Jo vous parle en ami, I speak 
to you like a friend 

avanl, ad. forward 

— tant que, as 

— haul, above 

— l)as, below; down 

— suite, aftirwurds 
Enfin, at length 

En, pro. of him, of her, of them; 

of it, on it; for it, at it, to it, 

it, any, some 
Encadrement, sm. the putting in 

a frame 
Encadrer, va. to* put in a frame 
Encager, to cage, to * lay by the 

Encaissemenl, sm. putting in 

Encaisser, va. to * pack vp; 

Encan, sm, public sale, auction 
S'encannailler, tT. to * keep low 

com]) any 
S'encapuchonner, vr. to cover 

one's head with a hood 
Encaquer, i>a. to barrel up 
Encat^lelurc, sf. the being hoof- 
Encastremcnt, sm. setting into 

a groove 
Encastrer, va. to fit; set into a 

Encaventont, sm. lowering into 
a cellar 



Encaver, va. to * put in a cellar 
Eticaveur, sm. a tcinc porter 
Enceindre, va. to enclose 
Enceinte, sf. enclosure; circurr.- 

ference; compass 
Enceinle, a. with child 
EnccDS, sm. incense; praise 

de terre, ground pine 

Encensement, censing; perfum- 
Encenser, v. to cense; to praise 
Encenseur, *m. a flatterer 
Enceusoir, a censer 
Enchaineuient, connexion 
Enchainer, va. chain; cmiTicct 
Encfiainure, sf. chain, links 
Enchantenmut, sm.C2ichantment; 

charm; wonder 
Enchanter, va. to enchant; 

charm; to delight 
Enchanteresse, sf. sorceress; a 

Enchantcur, sm. a magician 
Enchaperonner, va. to hood a 

Encha.sser, to enchase 
Enchassure, .</. enchasing 
Eiich»?re, auction, outbidding 
Enrherir, va. to outbid; excel; 

rai.'se the price tf 
Enclierir, vn. to raise in price 
Eiich^rissenient, sm. rising in 

Riirlierisseur, oufUdfler 
Eiichevetrcr, va. to halter 
S'encliovdfrer, vr. to entangle 

one's srlf in a diffieulty 
Enclifveirure, sf. excoriation; 

Eiu-hifrciie, e. a. xcho-^e head is 

.*toijped Kith rhrunt 
Enchifrpneniciit, » ;i. stoppage 

in th>- head 
Encliifn;ner, va. to stuff one's 

hat or 1I0SC 
Enrirer, va. to wax over 
Kiiclave, «/. a bauuJary 
K.iic'avoment, sm. hounding 
Knclaver, wa. to enclose; mor- 


Eiiclorre, to mclo.-e 

'nclincd,pronr, apt, 
a. to cloL-it'^r vp; 


Enclos, sm. an enclosure 
Enclouer, va. to nail up 
Encloure, sf. pricking a horse's 

foot; a difficulty 
Eiiclume, an anvtl 
Encocher, va. to notch 
Encoffrer, to * lay up in a trunk 
Encognure, .</. corner, angle 
Eiicolure, the chest of a horse; 

looks; mien 
Encombrc, sm. cumber of a ship 
Encoinbrement, incumbering 
Enconil>rer, va. to incumber 
Encontre, 5/. luck, chance 
Encore, ad. yet; again; even; 

besides; still; also; more 
Encore que, c. although; though 
Encorne, e. a. horned 
Encouragement, 5m. — ment 
Encourager, va. to encourage 
Encourir, vn. to incur 
Encrasser, to daub; to soil 
S'encrasser, vr. to grow dirty, 

or rusty 
Encre, sf. ink 
Encrier, sm. an inkhom 
S'eiicuirasser, vr. to* grow rusty 
Encuvement, sm. putting into 

a tub 
Encuver, va. to * put into a tub 
Encjclopedie, sf. encyclopedia 
Encyclopedique, 2. a. — dical 
En^dente, e. a. indented 
S'endetier, vr. to * run in debt 
End6v6, e. a. mad 
Eiidever, vn. to * be mad 
Eiidiabl^, e. a. devilish; mad; 

S'endimanclier, vr. to * put on 

Sunday clothes 
Kitilive, sf. endive 
Kiid<Kiriner, va. to instruct 
r.Mdoinniager, endamage, hurt 
Endornnnir, sm. a whcedler 
F'ndoriiiir. va to lull asleep; to 

coax; benumb 
SVndnrmir, vr. to * fall asleep; 

* be .<leepy 
Endorniissenient, am. drowsi- 
ness; numbness 
En(!o«se, sf. trouble, toil 
Endossenient, sm. cndarsemevt 
Endosser, va. to endorse; * put 

EndOiSeur, gm. an endorser 


Endroit, a place; a bit; the ^ 

right side of a stuff; part 
Enduire, sf. va to * do over 
Enduit, sn^■ plastering 
Endurant, e. a. patient 
Eiidurcir, va. to harden; inure 
Endurcisseuient, sm. hardness of 
heart [* bear 

Endurer, va. to endure; suffer; 
Entide, sf. F.neid (a poem) 
Energie, energy, force 
Energique, -. a- cnergical 
Eiiergiqucraent, ad. — gically 
Energumene, s. a demoniac 
Enor\er, va. to enervate; weaken 
Enfaitenient, sm lead-covering 
Enfaiter, va. to cover a house 
Enfance, sf. infancy; childish- 
Enfant, 5. child; infant 

— de cha-ur, singing boy 

— trouv6, a foundling 

— a Je manielle, a sucking 
child, a baby 

Enfans de France, the French 
king's children 

Enfans perdus, forlorn hope 

Enfaiiti ment, sm.bringing forth 
a child; delivery 

Enianter, va. to * bring forth 

Enfantillage, sm. childishness 

Enfantin, e. a. childish 

Enfarin^, e. prepossessed; un- 

Enfariner, va. to * make white 
with meal or with powder 

Enfor, sm htll; a ckymiral ves 
scl to calcinate mercury 

Enfers, the hell of the hea- 

Enfernier. va to * shut; to en- 
close; comprther.d 

Fiiferrer, va. to * run through 

8'—, vr. to * hurt one's s'.lf in- 

Enfeu, sm. a burying vault 

Enficeler, va. tie close with a 

Enfilade, sf a range of cham- 
bers; a long, insipid speech 

Enfiler, va. to thread; * string; 
* go through; * run through 

Enfin. ad. injine; at last 

Eiifiaiiinier, va. to inflame; * set 
in aflame^ * catch flre 





E'lflechures, sf. pi. rattlings 
Eiirier, v. to * swell, " pujjf up 
Eiiflure, sf. swelling pride 

de stile, bombast 

r.ifouceincnt, sni. bottom; sole; 

breaking open; sinking 
E il'o:ice, e. a. immersed; sunk 
Eii'oiicer, ?;a. to* break open; 
to * tlirust in; to * sink; rout 
.-^'■iifnacer, u?'. to plunge one's 

^::lf wholly into; to * sink 
V- il')nceur, sm. one that breaks 

Eaoiicure, sf. boarded bottom 

'if a bedstead; a hollo w 
I ir")icir, va. to strengthen; to 
■nthnr strength 
i;ur, to * hide in the ground 
jiircher, to bestride 
Eiiiourner, to * put in the oven 
Kwfreindre, to infringe 
Eiifreinte, sf. infraction 
.^'(jnfroquer, vr. to turn monk 
■^'cnfuir, * run away; leak out 
Eiifumer, va. to besmoke 
En!|a?eant, e. a. engaging; al- 
Eiigageantes, sf. pi. women's 

long ruffles 
Engagement, sm. — ment; mort- 
gage; enlisting 
Engager, va. to induce; enlist; 

mortgage; engage; pawn 
S'ongager, vr. enli.--t; hire one's 

self; * run in debt; engage 
Engagiste, sm. a mortgagee of 

the king\i demesnes 
Engainer, va. to * sheath 
Engeance, sf. breed; spawn 
I'.ng'ilure, chilblain 
Engondrer, va. to engender; 

produce; * beget 
Eiiger, to encumber; pester 
Engerber, * bind up into sheaves 
Eiigin, .<?/«. 071 engine; tool 
Eiiglober, va. to unite; * miz 
Eagloutir, to swallow up; squan- 
der away 
Engluer, to dauh with birdlime 
Engoncer, to cramp; confine; 

Engorgement, ttm. being choked 

up, obstruction 
Eiigorger, va. to choke up; ob- 

Engouement, sm. choking; in- 
fatuation; fondness 
S'engouer, vr. to choke one's 

self; to * be infatuated 
S'engrouifrer, to * be ingulfed 
Engouler, va. to gobble up 
Eiigourdir, to benumb; to dull 
Ilngoardissement,sm. numbness; 

Engrais, pasture; manure; coiw 

post; fattening 
Engraisser, va. to fatten, ma- 
nure, cram: marl 
Engranger, to inn, * get in 
Engraver, to * run aground 
Engrelure, sf. border; edging; 

Engrenage, sm. the disposition 
of several wheels which* catch 
one another 
Engrener, va. to catch 
— , va. * put the com in the mill- 
hopper; * feed with corn 
Engross66, a. f. got with child 
Engrosser, va. * get with child 
S'engrumeler, va. to clod, to co- 
Enhardir, va. to embolden, en- 
S'enhardir, vr. to * grow bold 
Enharnachement, sin. harness- 
ing; strapping 
Enliarnacher, va. to harness 
En haut, ad. above; up stairs 
Enhaz6, e. a. busy to no purpose 
Enhuiler, va. to oil 
Enivr6, e. a. drunk; infatuated; 

Enivrcment, sm. fuddling; in- 
Enivrer, vn. to * make drunk; 

S'eiiivrer, vr. to get drunk; to 

intoxicate one's self 
E:ijaml)6e, 5/. astride 
Etijambenient, sm. running of 

a verse 
Enj amber, v. to * stride; pro- 
ject; encroach 
Eiijavelor, va. to * hind into 

Enjeii, sm. a stake {at play) 
Enigmatique, 2 a. enigmatical 
EnigmaliquenieMt, ad. —tically 
Enigme, sf. enigma; riddle 

Enjoindre, va. to enjoin, charge 
Eajoler, to wheedle; cajole 
Enjoleur, sc. s. a wheedler 
Y.n']o\'\\iiment,sm. embellishment 
Eiijoliver, va. embellish; * setoff 
Eiijoliveur, sm. setter off 
Enjou6, e. a. cheerful, gay 
Enjouejnent, sm. cheerfulness, 

sprightliness, gaycty 
Enjouer, va. to * viake merry 
Enlaccment, sm. entangling 
Enlacer, va. to entangle; *string 
Eulaidir, v. to * make ugly; to 

* grow ugly 
Enlaidissement, sm. the growing 

Enl6vement, a carrying off; a 

Enlcver, va.tolift up; carry off; 

charm; engross; * take off 
Enlevure, sf. pustule, blister, 

Enluminer, va. to colour 
Enluraineur, sm. a map ot print- 

Enluniinure, sf. colouring maps 

or prints 
Ennemi, e. a. s. an enemy; foe; 

— , e. a. unfriendly, hostile 
Ennoblir, va. to ennoble 
Ennui,5m tediousness;vexation; 

lassitude; heaviness 
Ennuyer, va. to weary, tire 
S' — , vr. * be weary, or tired; to 

* be low-spirited 
Ennuyeusement, ad. tediously 
Ennnyeux, se. a s. wearisome; 

tiresome; tedious 
Enonc6, (un simple, un faux,) 
an assertion without proof, a 
faUe proof 
Enoncer, va. to express; declare 
S' ^nonceT,vr.toexpress one' ssclf 
Knonciatif, ve. a. expressive 
Enonciation, sf. expression; de- 
Enorgueillir, va. to*makc proud; 

puff up 
S' — , vr. to * grow proud 
Enorme, 2 a. enormous; huge 
Enorin^metit, ad. unmeasumbly 
Enorniit6, .s/. —mity, heinous 

ness; hugeness; vastness 
Enqueranl, e. a. inquisitive 





S'enqu6iir, vr. to inquire 
Enquete, c/. inquiry; starch 
S'eisqufjlcr, vr. to inquire 
Enqueteur, sni. an inquisitor 
S'enraciunr, vr. to take root, to 

* grow inveterate 
Enrage, e. a. mad; outrageous 
•Enrageant, e. a. provoking 
Enrageraent, am. being mad 
Enragcr, vn. to * be mad, enrage 
Enrayer, va. to * put the spokes 
to a wh'd; to trig a wheel; to"* 
make the frst furrow; to begin 
Enrayure, sf. the first furrow; a 

Enreginientcr, va. to enrol 
Enrcgislrenient, sm. registering, 

Enregistrer, va. to reffister; to 

Enrhumtr, to cause a cold 
S'enrhuiiier, vr. to * catch cold 
Enrichir, vr. to enrich 
S'enrichir, vr. to * grow rich 
Enrich isjtineiii, sm. enriching; 

Enrolemenl, listing, enrolling 
Enroler, va. to list, enrol 
EnrouenieiU, sm. hoarseness 
Enrouer, va. to * make hoarse 
Enrouiller, vr. to * make rusty 
S' — , to * groio rusty 
Enrouleriii.iU, sm. rolling 
Enrouler, va. to roll; wrap vp 
Ensablf.r, to * run aground 
Ensablciiient, sm. heap of sand; 

Ensachcr, va. to * put in a bag 
Ensaisim-ini.-iit, sm. seisin 
EiisaisiiKT, va. to invest 
Ensangkiiilcr, * make bloody; 

Enscignp, sf.sign; token; mark; 

colours; cluster of diamonds 
Eiiseigne, sm. an ensign {in the 


Enseignoment, instruction 
Enseigiier, va. t» traeh 
En?clle, e. a. saddle-backed 
Ensemble, ad. tufrcihcr 

, sni. the whole 

Enspmencenieni, sowing {of 

Ensemencer, va. to * sow 
Enserrer, to * shut up; contain 

Ensevelir, to lury; to inter 
Kiisevelissenieni, sm. burying 
Eiisorcellement, bewitching. 

Ensorceler, va. to bewitch 
Ensorccl«ur, sm. bewitchir 
Ensouffrer, va. to * dip in brim- 
Ensuite, ad. afterwards; then 

de cela, after that 

Ei\sm\-^n\., jfollowing next 
S'cnsuivre, vr. tof allow, ensue 
Entablement, sm entablature 
Entachcr, va. to taint, inftct 
Entaille, entaillure, sf. notch; jag 
Enlailler, va. to notch, to jag 
Eiitanier, to * make the first cut, 
* bcgir., enter hpon, bespatter 
Eritame (homme,) a suspicious 

Entamure, sf. cut, first cut 
Entant que, ad. ns, because 
Enlassement, sm. a heap 
Entasser, va. heap up 
Elite, sf. a graft, grafted tree 
Entement, sm. grafting 
Enteitdement, understanding, 

Enlendeur, of ready wit 
Entendre, va. to * hear, * under- 
stand, * mean 
S'ent< ndre, vr. to * be skilful; 
have secret intelligence; play 
booty; juggle 
Entendre malice, to * take some- 
thin fr in a bad meaning 
— fit](:iso,to*find out some wit 

in a thing 
Entendu, e. a. knowing; well 

performed; skilful 
Entente, sf. meaning, skill 
Enter, va. to graft, ingraft 
Ent6riner, to grant, confirm 
Fnt^rinemcnt, sm. a grunt 
Enterrement, burial, funeral 
Enlerrer, va. to bury, inter 
Entet6, e. a. infatuated, fond 

, sm. ohstinatc man 

Ijitetee, sf. obstinate woman 
Fnietemeni, sm. infatuation 
Enieter, va. to affect the head, 
cause the headache, to prepos- 
sess, puff vp 
S'— , vr. to * be conceited, * be 
prepossessed, * be fond 

Eulliousiatme, *wj. cnthusias 
Enihcui-iasiiier, va. to transport, 

Euthousiaste, sm. enthusiast 
Enthymeme, — mem, idea 
EnticUer, va. to taint, to mar 
Eiitier, e. a. entire, whole, com- 
plete, obstinate 
Eiitierement, ad. entirely, wholly 
Entite, sf. entity 
Enioihr, ra. to * put linen to 
P^ntoimement, sm. the putting in 

a cask 
Entonner, ra. to barrd vp, to * 

blow; chaunt 
Entonnoir, sm. a fvnnel; a hole 
Entorse, sjf. sprain 
Entorlillement, sm. twisting, 

Entortiller, va. to * wind, to 

twist, to perplex, entangle 
Entours, adjacent parts 
Enlourrer, va. to surround 
Entourr.ure, sf. cuff, slope 
Entr'acte, sm. an interlude 
>'cntr'accuser, vr. to accuse one 

S'ontr'a'dir, to* hilp one another 
Entrailks,.>./. pi. inirails,bowels, 

S'entr'ainier, rr. to love one an- 

Entrainer, va. to drag, to hurry 

S'entr'appclicr, vr. to call one 

Entraver, va. to shackle 
S'cntr'avertir, vr. to * give one 

another notice 
Enlraves, sf. pi. .-thackles, fet- 
ters, clog 
Entre, pr. between, among; in 

— deux, between [i»5 

— cbien el loup, te<wards even- 

— bailler, vn. to gape, open 
S*entreb:iiser,fr. to kiss one an 

S'cntrtbattre, to * beat one an^ 
1 other [other 

I S'entrtbk-?ser, to wi.und each 
Entrecliat, stn. cross-caper 
S'entrechoquer, vr. to * hit 

against one another; thwart 
S'entre-comniuniquer, vr. to im- 
part to one another 





Entrecouper, va to traverse^ in- 
terpose, interrupt 

S'entreci6faire. vr to defeat one 

S'entredetruire to destroy each 

Entre-deux sm. middle space, 

S'entredire, vr. to say * some- 
thing' to one another 

S'entre-donner, to * give each 

Entr6e, sf. entry, admission, en- 
trance-money ; first course ; 
duty; importation ; hint 

S'entrefAcher,<o quarrel toirethcr 

Entrefaits— siirces entrefaits, in 
the mean time 

S'entrefouetler, vr. to* whip one 

S'entrefrapper, to * strike each 

Enlregent, sm. acutcnrss 

3'entr6gorger, vr. to * cut one 
anoth(jr''s throat 

S'entregronder, to scold, or chide 
one another 

B'entreheurter, to * knock one another 

Entrelaca, sm. pi. knot within 

d'.amoiir, love-knot 

Eiitrelarder, va. to interlard, 

Entrclasscmont, sm. interlacing,, mixture 

EiUielasscr, va. to interlace,* in- 

Entreligiie, .«/. interlineation 

Eiitrelire, v. to read cursorily 

S'entrelouer, vr. to praise one 

S'fntremanger, vr. to * cat one 

Entremfilcr, va. to intermingle 

S'emremeler, vr. to * mix toge- 

Entremets, SOT. abij-dLili; second 

Kntremettant, e. a. meddling 

Eiitrcrnetteur, so. s. a go-between, 
mediator, mediatrix 

S'l'ntreinettre, vr. to interpose 

Entremise sf. interposition 

S'cntr'empechcr, vr. to * clash 

S'entremordre,* bite one another 
S'entrenuire, * hurt each other 
Entr'ouir, v. to * hear by the by, 

to overhear 
S'eiilreparler, vr. to talktogether 
Entrepas, sm. a broken amble 
S'entrepercer, vr. to * run one 

another through 
S'entreplaider, to sue one another 
Entrepot, sm. a staple,magazinc 
S'entrepousser, vr. to * push one 

Entreprenant, e. a. bold, assum- 
ing, venturesome 
Entreprendre, va. to * undertake, 

to attempt, encroach 
Entrepreneur, sm. undertaker 
Entrcpris, e. impotent, cripple 
Entrcprise, .'•/. enterprise, under- 
taking, encroachment 
S'entreriuereller, vr. to quarrel 

Entrer, vn. to enter, * go in, * 
come in; express ; * fall, side 
with, embrace,* begin 

en age, to * be of age 

S'entrcregarder, vr. to stare at 

one another 
S'entrc-rcpoiidre, to answer one 

S'entre-saluer, to salute one an- 
S'cntrc-secourir, to help each 

Entresol, sm. a little room be- 
tween two floors 
S'cntrc-suivre, vr. to follow each 

Entre-taillure, sf. a cut on the leg 
Kntrctems, sm. intermediate time 
Enlretenir, va. * hold together, 
tain, * keep up 

ing in repair, discourse 
Entre-toile, sm. cut work 
Entre-toise, sf. a cross quarter 

of timbir 
S'entre-toiiclier, vr. to * be con- 
S'enire-tiier, to kill one another 
Entrevoir, * have a glimpse of, 

* have a conference 
S'entrevoir,»r. to visit each other 
Entrevue, sf. interview 

S'entr'obhger, vr. to oblige one 

Entr'ouvrir, va. open half way 
— une porte, to * put a door 

upon the jar 
S'entr'ouvrir, vr. to open,togape 
Enture, sf. grafting 
Envahir, va. to invade, usurp 
Envahissement, sm. invasion 
Enveloppe, sf. a cover 
Enveloppement, sm. wrapping 

or folding up 
Envelopper, va. to * wrap up, 
hem in, cover, surround, itf 
volve, perplex 
S'— , vr. to muffle one's self up 
Enveninier, va. to envenom, ev 

asperate, fester, irritate 
Enverguer, to * bend the sails 
Envergure, sf. bending of sails, 
their breadth, length, S,t. th» 
extent between the two extra 
mities of the wings of a bird 
Envers, pr. towards, to 
Envcrs, sm. the wrong side 
Envi, a I'envi, with emulation; 

vying with one another 
Envie, sf. envy, desire, fancy ; * 
mole ; spot ; mark of the mo- 
ther^ s longing 

de vomir, a qualm 

Envieilli, e. a. inveterate 
Envier, va. to envy, to wish for, 

to vie 
Envies, sf. pi- flaws about the 

nails, agnails 
Envieux, se. a. s. envious ; jea- 
Environ, pr. about ; thercabovJ. 
VA\\\KO\ adjacent parts ; 

Environner, va. to environ; sun- 
Envisager, to eye, view, consider 
Enumeration, .ff.—tion, account 
Enum6rer, va. to enumerate 
Envoi, sm. srndinff; envoy 
S'envoller, vr. to * bend 
Envoisin6, e. a. who has neigh 

Envoler, vn. to* fly away 
S'— , vr. to icing it away 
Envoyti, sm. an envoy 
Envoyer, va. to * .'^end, to emtt 
— querir, to * send for 





Envoyer en i' autre monde,to kill 
Eolypile, sm. eolipile 
Epacte, sf. epact 
Epagneul, sm. a spaniel, a 

cringing fellow 
Epagneule, sf. a spaniel bitch 
Epailler, va. to clean gold or sil- 
Epais, se. a. thick, dull 
Epais, sni. thickness, thick 
Epaisseur, sf. thickness 
Epaisiir, va. to thicken 
Epaississemeiit, sm. thickening 
Epamprer, va. to unleave 
Epancliement, sm. pouring out; 
effusion; overjloicing , dis- 
Epancher, va. to pour out; dis- 
S' — , vr. to overflow, trust 
Epandrc, va. scatter; * shed 
S'epanouir, va. to blow; to bloom; 

cheer up 
Epanoui5sement,am. blowing of 
flowers; cheerfulness 

— de coeur, de rale, laughter, 

S'tparer, vr. to * fling the heels, 

to kick 
Epargnant, e. a. saving, parsi- 
Epargac, sf. savingness, parsi- 
Epargner, vn. to spare; to save 
Eparpillement, sm. a scattering 
Eparpiilcr, va. to scatter 
Epars, e. a. scattered, loose 
Eparvin, sm. ."parvin, tumour 
Epate, a. (verrc) a glass without 

— (nez) a broad flat nose 
Epater, ra. to* break the foot of 

a glass 

Epave, 2. a. f. strayed 

Epaulard, sm. large sea-flsh, 
like the dolphin 

Epaule, sf. shoulder, flank 

Epaulee, a. striving with the 

Epaulement, sm. shouldering- 
piece: demi-bastion 

Epauler, va. * slip one's shoul- 
der; * prop; back; cover 

Epaulette, sf. shonlder-piece 

Epeautie,*»i.spe/f Ca kindofcom) 

Ep6c, sf. a sword 
Epeler, va. to * spell 
Eperdu, e. a. extremely disor- 
dered, dismayed 
Eperdument, ad. desperately 
Eperlan, sm. a smelt 
Eperon, spur; ship's beak-head; 

buttress; starlings 
Eperonne, e. a. spurred 
Eperonner, va. to spur 
Eperonnier, sm. a spurrier 
Eperonniere, s/. spur-leather 
Epervier, sm. sparrow-hawk; a 

sireep net 
Ephebe, a youthjust come to the 

age of puberty 
Ephelide, sf. large freckle 
Ephemere, 2. a. ephemeral; ex- 
isting only a single day 
Ephem6rides, sf. pi. ephancris 
Epliore, sm. ephorus 
Epi, an ear of com 
Epiale, a. f. continual 
Epice, sf. spice 

blai\che, pounded ginger 

Epices, sf. pi. fees, drugs 
Epicene, a. sm. epicen 
Epicer, va. to spice 
Ep'icerie.sf. spices; grocery-ware 
Epicier, e. s. a grocer 
Epicurion, ne. a. epicurean 
Epicuiien, sm. an epicure 
Epicycle, sm. epicycle 
Epidemie, sf. cpidemy 
Epidemiquc, a. epidemical 
Epiderme, sm. epidermis 
Epier, rn. to shoot into ears 
Epier, ca. to icatch, to spy 
Epierrer, to clear of stones 
Epieu, sm. spear, javelin 
Epigrammatique, 2. a. —tical 
Epigramniatiste, sm. —tist 
Epigramme, sf. an epigram 
P^-pi^raphc, epigraph, motto 
Epilepsie, falling sickness; epi- 
Epileptique, 2. a. epileptic 

, 5. one troubled with the 

Epiloguer, v. carp at, censure 
Epilogue, sm. —gue; conclusion 
Epilogueur, fault-finder, critic 
Epinards, sf. pi. spinnage 
Epine, sf. a thorn; prickle; rub; 
intricacies; crosses 

Epine blanche, hawthorn 

noire, blackthorn 

vinette, barberry 

du dos, back-bone; spins 

Epinette, a spinnct; virginal 
Epineux, se. a. thorny; difficult 
Epingle, sf. a pin 
Epingles, sf. pi. a pair of gloves 

(a present) 
Epinglier, e. 5. a pin-maker, oi 

E{)inicrs, c thorny grove 
Epiplianie, sf. epiphany; twelfUt 

Epique, 2. a. epic, heroic 
Episcopal, e. a. episcopal 
Episcopal, sm. episcopacy 
Episcopaux, pi. m. —palians, 

Episcopiser, vn. to * make inter- 
est for getting a bishopric; to 

Episode, sm. an episode 
Episodique, a. episodical 
Episser, va to splice 
Epissure, sf. a splice 
Epistolaire, 2. a- epistolary 
Epitaplie, sf. an epitaph 
Epiiase, cpitasis 
Epiihalaine, sm. —lamium, a 

wedding song or poem 
Epithott', sf. an epithet 
Epilhyme, sm. dodder {herb) 
Epiioge, sf. a Roman great coat 
Epitome, sm. epitome; abridge 

Epitrc, sf. an epistle 
Eplorc, e. a. all in tears 
Epioye, e. a. displayed (m Ad- 
j ra'ldry) 

Epiuchomcnt. sm. picking 
Ephichcr, ra. to * pick; to sift, 

* lop off; * cut off 
Epluclieur, se. a picker 
Epluchoir, sm. a basket-maker $ 

Epluchures, sf. pi- pickings 
Epode, sf. an epode 
Epoinler, ra. to blunt 
Epois, sm. trackings of deer 
Eponge, sf. a sponge 
Eponger, va. to wash witi 

Epop6e, sf. epic poem 
Epoque, epoch, (sra 





Epoudrer, va.. to dust, * beat the 

dust off 
S'epouft'er, vr. to * steal away 
Epouiller, va. to cleanse 
-Sepoumonner, vr. to tire the 

Epousailles, sf. pi. a wedding 
Epouse, sf. a spouse; consort 
Epousee, a bride 
Epouser, v. to marry; espouse 
Epousaetter, to dust; brush; 

rpf)ussettes, sf. pi. a brush 
E'pouvantable, 2. a. dreadful 
E|)ouvantaljleinciU, ad. terribly 
E[)Ouvantail, sm. a bug-bear 
Eijouvante, sf. fright, terror 
J>pouvan1er, va. to frighten 
J'poiix, 5771. spouse, bride-groom 
Epreindre, va. to squeeze out 
Epreinte, sf. a tenesmus 
>:^'eprendre, vr. to be smitten 
i:pieuve, sf. trial; proof 
Epris, e. a. smiticn, taken 
Eprouver, va. to try, to prove 
Epfouvette, sf. a probe 
Eptagoiie, 5771. heptagon 
Epucer, va. to * flea 
Epuisable, 2. a. that may be ex- 
Epiiisement, sm. faintness; ex- 
Epuiser, va. to drain; waste; 

exhaust; * wear out 
Epiiier, va. to refine; purge; 

Eipiarrir, va. to square 
Eciuarrissade, sm. squareness 
l^(iuarrissemeiit, squaring 
Eqiiairissoir, instrument to * 

make square holes 
Equateur, sm. equator 
llipjation, sf. equation 
[ Equerre, 6quierre, square rule 
I Jiquestre, 2. a. equestrian 
i l-](piiangle, 2. a. eq^iiangular 
r.qiiidistaat, e. a. equidistant 
Equilattiral, e. a. — teral 
Eqililibre, sm. equilibrium 
Ecpiinoctial, le. a.—tial 
Equinoxe, sm. equinox 

— du Printems, Vernal equinox 

— de V AnloTane,Autumnal equi- 

Equipage, equipage; ship^s crew 

Equipemeiit, sm. equipment; fit- 
ting out 
Equiper, va. equip, accoutre; fit 

Equipollence, sf. equal value 
Eciuipollent, e. a. equivalent 
Equipoller, va. to * oe equivalent 
Equitable, 2. a. equitable; just 
Equitablemenl, ad. justly 
Equitation, sf. the art of riding 
Equite, equity , justice 
Equivalent, e. a. s. — lent 
Equivaloir, vn. * be of equal va- 
Equivoque, sf. pun; play on 


, 2. a. equivocal 

Equivoquer, va. to equivocate 
S' , v. to * mistake one word 

for another ^ 

Erable, sm a maple 
Eradication, sf. — tion 
Eiadicatif, ve. a. —live 
Erarter, vn. graze on, scratch 
Eralfure, sf. slight hurt; scratch 
Erailler, r^a. to fray, to rub 
— fBil eraille, bloud-shot eye 
Eialliure, sf fraying 
Eraic, <;. a. brisk, Ihu/y 
Erater, va. to * cut the spleen 
Etc, sf. (cra, epoch 
Eiecleur, sni. erector 
Erection, sf. erection, standing 
Ereintcr, va. to*break one' aback 
Er6niitique, 2. a. —tical 
Er6sipcle, sf. St. Anthony's fire 
Ergo, sm. therefore, inference 
Ergot, a cock's spur 
Ergoi6, e. a. spurred 
Ergoter, va. to cavil; wrangle 
Ergoteur, sm. caviller 
Eriger, va. to erect; raise 
S'6riger, vr. to * set up 
Erosion, sf. erosion 
Erolique, 2. a. belonging to 

love, amorous 
Errant, e. a. straying; vagrant; 

wandering; errant 
Errata, S77i. an errata 
Erratique,2.a.wa;i(/e7-m^; wild, 

Etoilcs erratiques, sf. pi, the 

Erres, the traces of a stag 

Errement, sm. last proceedings 

{in a law-suit) 
Errer, vn. to err; wander 
Erreur, sf. an error; folly 
Errone, e. erroneous 
Erronemenl, ad. erroneously 
Erudition, sf. — tion, learning 
Erudits, sm. pi. the learned 
Erugineux, se. a eruginous 
Eruptif, ve. a. eruptive 
Eruption, sf. eruption, burst 
Escabeau,S7/i. a stool; joint stool 
Escabelle, sf. a stool; joint stool 
Escabelon, 5774. stand for a bust; 

Escache, sf. a scotch, bit 
Escadre, a squadron {of ships) 
Escadrille, a little squadron, 

small Jleet 
Escadron, sm. squadron {of 

Escadronrrer, vn. to squadron 
Escalade, sf. scalade 
Escalader, va. to scale 
Escalier, S7n. a staircase 

— a vis, winding stairs 

— d6gago, back stairs 

— derobe, private stairs 

— droit, strait-stairs or fliers 

— en liniace, s^/rai, or winding 

Escaliii, S771 a Dutch shilling 
Escai}iale,sf. juggler's cork-ball 
Escamoier, va. to juggle; to 

palm ; pilfer [ferer 

Escanioteur, sm. a flicker; pil- 
Escainper, va. to scamper away 
Escanipette ; prendre de la fiou- 

dre d'escaui[)ette, to run away 
Escapade, sf. a prank; fling of 

a horse 
Escarbot, sm. a beetle 
Escarboucle, sf. a carbuncle 
Escarbouiller, va. to squash 
Escarcelie, sf. a lar^e purse 
Escargot, sm. a S7iail; ill-shaped 

Escarniouche, sf. skirmish 
Escarniouclier, va. to skirmish 
Escarmouclieur, S77i. skirmisher 
Escarpe, sf. scarp {of a ditch) 
Escarp^, e. a. steep 
Escarper, va. to * cut steep dovm 
Escarpin, sm. pump 
Escarpolette, */. a swing 





Escarre, slough, eschar, gap 
Escliet, sm. cscluat 
Esclanilre, a disaster; vuisc 
Esclavage, slavery, bondage 
Esciave, s. a slave 
Escogiifi'e, sm. a spunger, a 

shabby fellow 
Escomple, a discount; deduction 
Esconipter, va. to discount 
Escopelie, sj. a sort of carabine 
Escopettei ie, a volley 
Eocorto, an escort, guard 
Escorter, va. to escort; convoy 
Ei:couade, .9/. the third pert of 
afoot company, a ditachmcnt 
EscoureC-fi, a scuurge, whip 
Escoui goon, sm. anntl-com : 

Escoiisse, sf. a spring iji run- 
ning or leuping 
Escrime, fencing; tilling 
Escriioer, va. to fence; to tilt; 

to dispute; debate 
S'eccriiiicr de, vr. to dabble in, 

pretend tu 
Esciiincur, sm. a fencer 
Escroc, a sharper, pilfcer 
Escroquer, va. to * trick; spunge 

Eicroqiieur, sc. s. a sharper, a 

Espacc, sm. a space, distance 
Espaceim-nt, distance, space 
Espacer, ca. to distance 
Espadon, sm. a two-handled 

sicord; swurd-fish 
Espadonnor, vn. to * fght with 

the back-sicord 
Espagnolelle,s/.^7i« raleen 
Espalier, SHI. hidgc-row of fruit- 
trees; fir .^t rower in a galley 
Espece, sf. species; kind; caste 
F.<pi.C(iS, pi. coin; forms 
Esperaiicu, sf. hope, trust 
Esptrer, va. to hope; to expect 
Espi^gJe, 2. a. s- waggish; a 

Espieglerio,'/. a frolic; a wag- 
gish trick 
Espion, sm. a spy, a scout 
Espionnage, the being a spy; in- 
Espioniicr, va. to spy 
Esplanade, sf. aparc^de, glacis 

Espoir, sm.hope, trust 
Esponlon, sponton. half pike 
Espiit, sm. spirit; mind; ge- 
nius; sense; wit; motive; 

ghost; soul 
Esquif, sm. skiff (a boat) 
Esquille, sf. splinter {of a broken 

Esquiuancie, squinancy, smc- 

Esquipot, sm. barber's money 

Esquisse, sf. a sketch 
Esquisser, va. to sketch 
Esquiver, to eschew; avoid 
S' — , vr. to * steal away 
Essai, sm. essay, proof, trial, 

taste, specimen 
Essaini, essain. sm. swarm 
Essainier, vn. to swarm 
Essanger, vn. to wet foul linen 

before teas/ting 
Es>arter, to grub up, to assert 
Et:>ayer, to try, attempt, taste 
Essa}erie, sf. the assaying of 

Essayeur, sm. assayer 
Esse, sf. any piece of iron^ like 

an 6' 
Esst-au, sm. hatchU 
Essence, sf. essence; nature; 

perfumed oil 
Essentiel, le. c. essential, real 
Esseniiellcmciit, ad. essentially 
Esseule, e. a. lonesome 
Essieu, sm. aile-irce 
V.ssor, Jiight; soaring up 
Essnrer, vn. to soar up 

, va. to air, to dry 

Essoriller, to * rut off the ears 
Essoufler, to * put out of breath 
Essui, sm. drought; drying place 
Essui main, a towel 
Essuyer, vn. to wipe; dry up; 

* bear; * endure 
Est, sm. East 

Estacade..«/.fl staccado, palisade 
E«tafte, contriuution-ir.oney 
Estaffette, a courier; express 
Estalfier, sm. footman in livery 
Est.ifilade, sf. slash; rent 
Estafilader, va. to slash 
Estame, sf. worsted 
Estaminet, sm. gin-shop; a club 

of drunkards 

Estampe, sf print, cut, stamp 
Estaniper, va. to*stamp; emboss 
Eslarapille, sf. excise, stamp 
Estimable, 2. a. estimable, valu- 
E>timateur, sm. an appraiser 
Estimation, sf. —tion; estimate 
Estimo, esteem; value; regard 
E^timor, va. to esteem; appraist 

reckon; estimate, value 
Estive, sf. trimming a ship 
Estoc, sm. stock; lineage 
Estocade, sf. a thrust 
Elstocader, t-.i. to till, to dun 
Estomac, sm. the stomach 
S'ostcmaquer, vr. to resint 
Estrade, sf. an alcove; path 
— battre I'estrade, to * go on a 

reconnoitring party 
Ebtragon, sn-.. tarragon (an herb- 
Estraniac.n, the edge of a sabre, 

a cut jvcr the head 
Estr?.(iaconner, vn. to play, or 

fght with a sabr0 
^trap:!de, .<■/. strappado 
Estrapadcr, va. to * give tlie 

strappado, to ichip 
Eslropie, e. s. maimed body 
Esiiropier, va. to lame; maim; 

Esiurgeon, sm. sturgeon 
Et, c. and, dj- 

Et ca tej-a, and so on, so forth 
Etablage, sm. stabUng 
Etable, »/. coia-housr; ox-stall; 

Etabler, va. * put in a stable. S,c. 
Elabli, sm. shop-board; joiner's 
bench; bank of a printing- 
press; counter in a shop 
Etablir, va. to establish; ap- 
point; assert; * make good; 
state; * lay; broach; settle 
S'— , vr. settle, * set up 
Etablisscnient, sm. cstablishr 
ment; settlement; foundation 
Etage, a story, degree 
Etager, va. to * cut the hair 

slanting ^ 

Etai, sm. a stay (in o- ship) 
Etaie, sf. a prop, support 
Etaim, sm. carded wool 
Etain, pewter 

Etal, a butcher^ 8 or fishmonger' 






Ktalage, stalling, sample, show 
Etaler, va- to hang out for sale; 

to * make parade of 
Etaleur, sm. a stall-bookseller, 

I Etalier, a stall-butcher 

Etalinguer, va. to * bend the ca- 
ble to the anchor's ring 

Etalon, sin. stallion; standard 

Eialonnement, the marking by 
the standard 

Et;iloimer, va. to * stamp with 
a public mark 

E;alo'iricur, sm. officer appointed 
to mark measures 

Fa ^miigo, the tinning 

i:i liner, va to tin over 

Eiamcur, em. a pewterer 

l^i.iinine, «/. bolting cloth; bom- 
basine; a sieve 

— jiasser par I'^tamine, to ez- 
':iiiine, or * be examined in ri- 

iiines, pi. stamina of flowers 
tnire, sf. tinning 
iicheinent, sm. stanching 
Mclier, va. to stanch, stop, 
icnch; dry up 
I icon, sm. support, prop 
- I anoiiner, va. to * prop; * stay 
V- :ui_', sm. a pond, lake 
\Mi'ig\\e, sf. large pincers, or 

nippers used at the mint 
t^lapo, sf .staple; store-house; 

.s\ildicr's daily allowance 
Etapier, sm. sutler 
Etat, state, case, way, purpose, 
condition,list, estimate, plight, 
Elan, sm. stall; vice 
Etayemont, staying, propping 
Etayer, va. to support; to * stay 
Et6, sm. summer; heat 
Etoignoir, extinguisher 
Etcindre, va. to extinguish; * 

put out, quench; abolish 
S'6teindre, vr. to * go c >it 
'Eiient,e. a. extinguished; quench- 
ed, extinct, dull 
Etendage, sm. lines 
Etendard, standard, banner, co- 
Etendoir, a printer' s peel 
Etendrc, va. to extend; * spread, 
stretch, explain, enlarge 

S'etendre, vr. to stretch one's I Etouffant, e. a. sultry, close 
self, reach, * go^ last, enlarge, j Etouflement, sm. a stoppage of 

Etendu,e. a. spread, large, long; 
prolix ; tedious ; sprawling, 
Etendue, sf extent, extension, 

tract, space 
EterneJ, le. a. eternal, everlast- 
ing, endless 
Eternellement, ad. eternally, 

everlastingly, for ever 
Eterriiser, va. to eternize 
Eternit6, sf. eternity 
Eternuer, vn. to sneeze 
Eternuement, sni. sneezing 
Eternueur, se. s. sneezer 
Et6sies, sm. pi- Etesian winds 
Etetement, sm. lopping 
Etfiter, va. to * lop off the top 
Eteuf, sm. a tennis-ball 
Eteule, sf. stubble, stalk of corn 
Ether, sm. ether 
f]th6r6, e. a. ethereal, subtle 
Ethique, sf. ethics, moral 
Etincelant, e. a. sparkling ; 

Elincelle, sf. a spark 
Etincelloment, sin. sparkling 
Etincelei", vn. to sparkle 
Etiologie, sf. —gy 
Etique, 2. a. consumptive, lean 
Etifiueter, va. to * put a note to 
Etiquette, sf. note, ticket, cere- 
monial, concert, title 
Etolfe, stuff, cloth [furnish 

Etotfer, va. to * stuff, garnish 

breathing, stifling 
Etoiiffer, va. to stQle, smother^ 

choke, suppress 
Etouffoir, sm. an extinguisher 

(for coals) 
Etoupe, sf. tow 

Etouper, va. to stop {with tow) 
Etourderie, sf a blunder 
Etourdi, e. a- hair-brained 
Etourdi, e. s. blunderer 
Etourdiment, ad. rashly 
Etourdir, va. to stun, parboil^ * 

take off the chill, benumb 
S't^tourdi, vr. to * beat out of 

one's brain 
Etourdissant, e. a. stunning 
Etourdissemeiit, sm. stunning 
Etourneau, a starling 
Etraiige, 2. a. strange, silly 
Etraiigemeiit, ad. strangely 
Etranger, e. a. foreign, strange 

, e. s. a foreigner, stranger^ 

Corps — , extraneous body 
Etranger, va. to *■ drive away^ 

to * forsake 
Etiaiiglenient, sm. contraction, 

Etraiigler, va. to strangle, to * 

■make too scanty, * choke 
EtranguUlon, sm. the strangles 
Etre, on. to * be, exist, belong 

— debout, to * stand 

— de Mioitie, to * go halves 
Etre, sm. a being, existence 

Etoile, sf. a star, a star-fish, j Etres, pi. the several parts of a 

tarwort, luck 

— five, a fixed star 

— erraiiie, wandering star 

— coiirante, shooting star 
Etoil6, e. a- starry, cracked 
Etoiler, S'6toiler, vn- to crack 

to .shiver 

Etole, sf. a stole 

Etomiainment, ad. wonderfully 

Etoniiant, o. a- wonderful, ama- 
zing, strange 

Etoiinemeni, sm. amazement, 
wonder, terror, stunning 

Etormer, va. to astonish, sur- 
prise, stun 

S' — , vr. to wonder, marvel, * 
be concerned 

house, (S-c. 
Etr6cir, va. to straiten 
S' — , vr. to * grow strait, to * 

Etrecisseiuent, sm. straitening 
F^trecissure, sf. .straitening 
Elreiiidre, va. * bind, or * wring 

Etreinte, sf. binding, squeezing 
Etreime, a Christmas-box, hand- 
Etrenner, va. to * give a new 
ycar'sgift,to* make a present, 
to handsel, * take handsel 
Etr6sillon, s/u. a prop 
Etresilloiiiier, va. to prop 
Etricr, sm. a stirrup 





Etrille, sf. a curry-comb; spuiig- 

Ettiller, va. to curry, to thrash 
Etriper, to unbowel, to unrip 
Etriqud, e. a. narrow, scanty 
Etriviere, sf. stirrup-leather 
Etrivieres, pi. horse-whipping 
Elroit, e. a. strait, narrow, inti- 
mate, strict, eract 
Etroiteraein, aeZ. strictly, sirattly 
Etronconner, va. to * cut the 

branches of a tree 
Etrousser, va. to adjudge, decree 
Etude, sf. study, learning 
Etudiant, sin. a student 
Etudier, va. to study, mind 

S' , vr. to endeavour, addict 

one's self 
Etiidiole, 5/ a scrutoire 
Etui, sm. a case; tweezer 
Eluve, sf. a stove, hot-house 
Etuv6e, stewing, stewed meat 
Etuvement, sin. fomenting 
Etuver, va. to bathe, to foment 
Etuviste, sm. who keeps a bagnio 
Etj'mologie, sf. — logy 
Etymologique, "2 a. —gical 
Etymologisie, sm. — gist 
EvacuatU', -an cvacuant 
Evacuation, sf. —tion, voiding 
Evacuer, va. to evacuate; void 
S'6vader,i> make one's escape 
Evagatioii, sf. —tion 
Evaluation, estimate, rating 
Evaluer, va. to appraise; rale 
Evaiigelique, 2. a. — lical 
Evangeliiuement, ad. —licalUj 
Evang61iser, v. to preach the gos- 
KvangelLste, sm. —list 
Evangile, the gospel 
S'evanouir, vr. to swoon; vanish 
Evaiiouissemeut, sm. swoon 
Evaporation, sf. — tion; rash- 
l'vapor6, e. s. giddy-brained 
Evaporer, va. to evaporate; to 

JiiJ off 
Evaaer, vi- to widen 
Evasion, .«/. escape; evasion 
Evasurc, widening 
Eucharislie, eucharist 
Encliaristiciue, 2. a. —tical 
Evftch*, sm. a bishop's palace; 
bishopric; episcopacy 

Eveil, hint; roaming 

Evcille, e. a. spHghtly, diligent 

Eveiller, va. to awaken; to a- 

wake; rouse 
Eveneinent,5/n. event; end; issue 
Event, smack; twang: vent; size 
Eventail, sm. a fan; an air-hole 
Eventailliste, /au-maAer, or sell- 
Eventaire, sort of flat basket; 

Evente, e. s. flighty; giddy; fiat; 

Eventer, va. to fanr * air; di- 
vulge; * take vent 

S' , va. to * groxo flat; to * 

take wind, 01 vent 
Eventoire, sm. a fire-fan 
FAentrer. va. embowel; * draio 
Eventuei, le. a. eventual 
Eventucllement, ad. eventually 
Eveque, sm. a bishop 
Everrer, va. to worm out (a dog) 
Eversion, sf. aversion, ruin 
S'evertuer,cr. (0 exert one's self, 

to * take pains 
Eviction, sf. eviction, evidence 
Evidemnieut, ad. evidently 
Evidence, sf. evidence; demon- 
Evident, e. a. evident, plain, 

Evider, va. to unstarch; to * cut 

sloping; * make a groove 
Evier, sm. a sink 
Evincer, va. to evict, recover 
Evitable, a. 2. avoidable 
Evitee, sf. breadtli of a river, or 

channel to * be navigable 
Eviier, va. to avoid, shun 
Eunuque, sm. an eunuch 
Evocable, a. 2. that may be * 
brought before a higher court 
Evocation, sf. conjuration; sum- 
Evocatoire, 2. a. summoning 
Evolution, 5/. —tion 
Evoquer, va. to conjure up; to * 

bring before a higher court 
Eupatoire, .«/. sweet maudlin 
Eupiionie, — ny, harmony 
Euphorbe, sm. — bium 
Eux, pro. them, they 
Exact, e. a. exact, accurate 
Exactement, nd. exactly, duly 

Exacteur, sm. an ezacter, extor- 
Exaction, sf. — tion, extortion 
Exactitude, exactness, accuracy, 

carefulness, cure 
Exageraieur, sm. amplifier 
E\ag6raiif, ve. a. exaggerating 
Exage ration, .tf. amplifying 
Exagcrer, va to exaggtrate^ ag 

gravate, amplify 
Exaltation, sf. — tion, advance- 
Exalier, va. to exalt, to extol 
Exanien, sm. examination 
Exaniinateur, an cxauiimr 
Examiner, va to examine; t» 

weigh; discuss, sift 
S'exauiiuer, vr. to weigh out 
Exarchat, sm. exarchate 
Exarque, an exarch; a kind of 

ancient magistrate 
Exaucer, va. to * hear favour- 
Excavation, sf. — tiony hollowing 
Ivxcaver, va. to hollow 
Excedant, e. sm. overplus 
Exceder, va. to exceed, abuse. 
Excelleninienl, ad. excellently, 

Excellence, sf. excellence; excel- 

lenc.i'^ eminence 
Excellent, e. a. excellent; nota- 
ExccllenlisBiinc, 2. a. m^st excel' 

Exceller, va. to excel, surpass, 

* outdo 
Excentricit6, sf. —city 
Exccntrique, 2. a. eccentric 
Excepte, ad. except, save, but 
Excepter, va. to except 
Exception, sf. —tion 
Exces, sm. excess; riot; abuse 
Excessif, ve. a. excessive 
Excfc:!siveraent, ad. — vely 
Excise, sf. tax on goods; custom 

Excitaiif, ve. a. excitative 
Excitation, sf. —tion, stirring 
Exciter, va. to excite, incite, stir 
Exclamation, 5/. — /ion 
Exclurre, va. to exclude, debar 

Exclusif, ve. a. sire 

Exclusion, sf. sictn 

Exclusivement, ad. — vehf 





Kxcommuuication, sf. —tion 
Excommunie, e. s. an excommu- 
nicated person 
Excommunier, va. to excommu- 
Excoriation, sf. — tion^ fretting 

of the skin 
Excorier, va. to * take off the skin 
Excortication, sf. peeling- off 
Excrement, sm. — ment 
Exrrementeiix, se. a. excremen- 

titious, excremental 
Excrescence, sf. excrescence 
Excrelio':, excretion 
Excretoire, 2. a. —tory 
Excroquer, vid. Escro(iuer 
Excursion, sf. — sion, inroad 
Excusable, 2. a. excusable 
Cxcusation, sf. exemption 
»'xcuse, sf. excuse, pretence 
Excuser, va. to excuse 
S'excuser, vr. to desire to * be 

excused, to decline 
Exeat, sm. a pass to * go out 
Execrable, 2. a. execrable 
Execrablement, ad. execrably 
Ex6cration, sf. — tion, abhor- 
Ex6cratoire, 2. a. accursed 
E::ecnter, va. to execute 
— quelqu'un, to distrain one 
Executeur, .sm. executor, execu- 
tioner, hangman 
Execution, sf. — tion, perform- 
ance, distraining 
Executoire, sm. a writ of execu- 
Executoire, 2. executive 
Exocutrice, sf. executrix 
Exemplaire, 2. a. exemplary 
Exemplaire, sm. a pattern; a 

copy of a book 
Exemplairemenl, ad. ezempla- 

Exemple, sm. ($- /. example; pat- 
tern; incident; instance; lorit- 
ten copy; a copy 
Exempt, e. a. exempt, free 

, sm. an exempt; life-guard 

Exempter, va. to exempt; free 
Exemption, sf. —tion; freedom 
Exercer, va. to exempt; train up, 

to practice 
Elxercicd, sm. exercise, practice, 

Exergue, exergue of a medal 
Exfoliation, sf. —tion 
S'exfolier, vr. exfoliate; flake, 

scale off 
Exhalaison, sf. exhalation 

Exhalation, tion 

Exhaler, va. to exhale; to eva- 
porate, to vent 
Exhaussement, sm. raising; 

Exhausser, va- to raise 
Exher6dation, sf. disinheriting 
Exher6der, va. to disinherit 
Exhiber, to exhibit, produce 
Exhibition, sf. — tion; produc- 
Exhortation, — tion 
Exhorter, va. to exhort, stir up 
Exhumation, sf. unburying 
Exhumer, va. to * dig a corpse 

out of the ground 
Exigeant, ante. a. exacting; hard 

to please 
Exigence, sf. exigence; urgency, 

Exiger, va. to require, to exact 
Exigible, 2. a. dcmandable 
Exigu, e. a. exiguous, small 
Exiguit6, sf. exiguity, smallness 
Exil, sm. banishment, exile 
Exile, e. s. an exile 
Exiler, va. to banish, exile 
Exilit6, sf. smallness, weakness 
Existant, e. a. existent 
Existence, sf. existence, being 
Exister, va. to exist, to * be 
Exode, sm. Exodus 
Exorable, 2. a. cxorable 
Exorbitamment, ad. exorbitant- 
ly, extravagantly 
Exorbitant, e. a. exorbitant, ex- 
travagant [one 
Exerciser, va. exorcise, conjure 
Exorcisme, sm. exorcism 
Exorciste, an exorcist 
Exorde, exordium 
Exotique, 2. a. exotic, furdirn 
Expansible, 2. a. —blc; spread- 
Expansif, ve. a. expansive 
Expansion, sf. expansion, extent 
Expalrier, va. to expatriate 
S'expatrier, vr. to quit one's 

Eypfctant, sm. an expectant 

Expectative, a. sf. expectation^ 

Expectorant, e. a. expectorative 
Expectoration, sf. — tion 
Expectorer, va. to expectorate 
Expedient, sm. expedient, means 

-, a. m. proper, fit 
Expedier, va. to despatch; expe 

dite, * send, * draw up 
Expeditif, ve. a. expeditious 
Expedition, sf. —tion; despatch, 

Expeditious, sf. pi. despatches, 

mission, patent 
Experience, sf. experiment, ex- 
perience, trial 
Experimental, e. a. —tal 
Experimente, e. a- tried; skilful 
Experimenter, va. to experience, 

Expert, e. a. expert, skilful 
Experts, sm. pi. viewers 
Expiation, sf. atonement 
Expiatoire, 2. a. expiatory 
Expier, va. to expiate; to atone 
Expiration, sf. —tion, end 
Expirer, vn. to expire, die, end 
Expletif, ve. a. — tive 
Explicable, 2. a. explicable 
Explicatif, ve. a. explicative 
Explication, sf. explanation 
Explicite, 2. o. explicit, plain 
Explicitement, ad. explicitly 
Expliquer, va. to explain; ex- 
pound, signify 
Exploit, sm. exploit, achieve- 
ment, writ 

— d'assignation, a summons, or 

— de saisie, an execution upon a 

Exploitable, 2. a. that may be 

distrained, hewed 
Exploitant, sm. officer serving 

Exploitation, sf. the execution of 

some works in agriciillure 
Exploiter, va. to * do feats; workf 

felt; serve warrants 
Explorateur, sm. — raior 
Explosion, sf. explosion 
Exportation, —tion 
Exposant, e. s. a petitioner 
Expos6, sm. suggestion of a pc 

tition; preamble; pretence 





Eiposer, va. to expose; to * set 

forth, expound 
Expo^iiif, ve. a. eipositite 
lli'posiiion, sf. — tion, exposing, 

account, situation 
Expres, se. a. express, plain, 

Expres, stn. an express 

, ad. purposely, on purpose 

E ipr esse men t, ad. expressly, 

Expressif, ve. a. expressive 
Expression, sf. expression, ex- 
pressing, squeezing out 
Exprimable, 2. a. expressible 
Exprimer, va. to express; squeeze 

Ejcprovincial, sm. a monk that 

has been provincial 
Expulser, va. to expel, turn out 
Eupulsif, ve. a. expulsive 
Expulsion, sf. expulsion, expel- 
Expuigatoire, a. m. —gatory 
Exqiiis, e. a. exquisite, fine 
Extant, e. a. extant 
Extase, sf. eztacy,rapture,trance 
S'extasier, vr. to* be in rapture; 
to * fly into an extacy; woji- 
der at 
Extatique, 2. a. extatic 
Extensible, 2. a. —siblc 
Extension, sf. —tion, extent 
Extenuation, —tion, a falling 

Extenuer, ra. to extenuate; ema- 
Exterieur, e. a. exterior, out- 
ward, external 
Exterieur, sm. the outside 
Exterieuremeni, ad. outwardly 
Exterininateur, a. m. destroyer, 

Exlerniinalion, 5/. —tion; ex- 
Exterminer, va. to exterminaU, 

extirpate, destroy 
Exteriiv;, 2. a. external 
Exierne, s. day-scholar 
Exlinction, sf. —tion; quench- 
Extlrpateur, sm. a destroyer 
Extirpation, */. —tion 
Extirper, va. to extirpate; root 

Extorquer, to extort, wrest 
Exlorsion, «/. extortion, exaction 
L'xtraction, — tion, descent, pedi- 
Extraire, va. to extract; abridge 
Extrait, sm. extract; abstract 

de proces, a briif 

Extrajudiciaire, 2. a. — dicial 
Extrajudiciaireuient, ad. extra- 
Extraordinaire, 2. a. — dinary, 
uncommon, singular 

— , sm. extraordinary 

— , a supplement to the gazette 

— des guerres, an extraordinary 
/M«d (,m time of war) 

Extraordinairement, ad. extra 
ordinarily, extremely 

Extravagamment, ad. extraca 

Extravagance, sf. —ce 

Extravagant, e. a. s. —gant, sil- 
ly, mad 

Extravagantes, sf. pi. decrees of 
the popes, added to the canon- 

Extravaguer, vn. to extravagatc, 
to rave, to dote 

Extravasation, sf. —tion 

E'extravaser, cr. to cxtravasate; 
to run out 

Extrfime, 2. a. extreme, utmost, 

Extreme, sm. extreme 

Extremement, ad. extremely 

Extrcnie-onction, sf. extreme 

Exir^mite, — mity, utmost part; 
extreme; strait; misery 

Extrinseque, 2. a. extrinsic 

Exuberance, sf. —ranee 

Exultation, sf. —tton, a leaping 
for joy 

Exuller, va. to exult, to * leap 
for joy 

Ex-voto, sm. thing voted, voiced 


F.\, orf. (musical note) 
Fable, sf. fable, story 
Fabliau, sm. a tale in verse 
Fabricateur, coiner; forger; fal- 

Fabrication, sf. coining; forg 

Fabricien, sm. churchwarden 
Fabriquant, a manufacturer 
Fabrique, sf. fabric, manufac- 
ture, coinage 
Fabriquer, va. to manufacture, 

to coin, to forge 
Fabuleusoment ad. fabulously 
Fabuleux, se. a.fuoulous 
Fabuliste, sm. fabulist 
Facade, sf. front, frontispiece 
Fate, face, front, state 
Faire lace, va. to face 
Faceiie, sf. pleasantry, witty 

Faceiieusement, ad. facetiously 
I Faietieux, se. o. facetious; wit- 
I ly; jovial; merry 
Facelte, sf. facet 
Facetter, va. to * cut into facets 
Fache, e. angry; sorry 
Facher, va. to * vex, grieve; to 

tease, to anger 
Se — , vr. to '* be angry 
FacUerie, sf. vexation, grief 
Facheux, se- a. grievous; ill-na- 
tured; hard; peevish 
Facile, 2. a. easy, free 
Facilement, ad. easily, with rase 
Facility, sf. — ty, rasiness 
Faciliter, va. to faciiitate 
Facon, sf. fashion; manner; 

ceremony; nffectedness 
Facon d'agir, de faire, conduct. 

proceeding, behaviour 
Faconner, va. to form, J'ashion, 

polish, compliment 
Faconnier, e. a. s. ceremonious 
Factenr, sm. a factor; postman 
Factice, 2. a. factitious; coined 
Facti.nix, se. a. factious 
Factieux, sc. s. a ringleader 
Faction, sf- faction, cabal 
Factionuaire, sm. private centi- 

Factorerie, sf. factory 
Factotum, sm. factotum 
Factum, a case (in a pica) 
Facture, sf. invoice 
Faculte, faculty, power, talent, 

Fa»iaise, foohry; trifles 
Fade, 2. a. insipid; squeamish, 


Fadeur, sf. insipidness, silliness 
Facot, sm.fairot, bundle. — Cen- 
ter des fagi)Ls, tal/f nonsense 
Ffignlage, sm. making of fagots 
Fagoter, va. * make into fagots; 

I/) * r^rcss up awkwardly 
Fagoteur, sm. afngot-maker 
Fagotin, jack-pudding, sorry 


Faiauce, Faience, sf. dclft-ware 
Fniance, e. a. china-like 
Faiancerie, sf. china-trade 
Financier, sm. china-man 
Failli. sm. a bankrvpt 
Faillibilit^, s/. fnilure 
Faillir, m. to fail, * mistake, * 
come short, * be near, * be rea- 
dy, to VIVE'S 
Fniilite, sf. bankrvptcy 
Faim, hunger; stomach, desire 
Faineant, e. a. lazy, idle 

, e. s. a sluggard 

Fain^anter, vn. to loiter,* be idle 
Faineantise, sf. slothfulness, 

Faire, vn. to make, to * do 
Faire faire,* bespeak; to prompt 

Faire une question, to aok a 

— senihiant, to pretend 
Se laire, vr. improve; * get, be- 
come; turn; * grow; use; in- 
Faisand, sm. a pheasant 
Fair^andeau, yovvg phensan* 
Faisandf , vr. to * keep meat till 

It g.ts a venison taste 
F;iit^nil<rie, .*/. pheasant walk 
Faisandicr, >?». one who breeds or 

scl/s pheasants 
False* an, n bundle 
Faiseur, se. .s-. makir, doer 
Fai.welle, sf. n cheese-form 
Fait, sm. fait; act; case; feat 
Fait-a-fait, ad. in proportion 
Faitage, sm. covering of a house; 

roof-timber; ridge-lead 
Faitardise, sf. idleness, sloth 
Faite, sm. top, ridge,. pinnacle 
Faitieie, sf. a gutter-tile 
Faix, sm. a burden, weight 
Fakir, a MaJtojnctan friar, fa- 
Faiaise, sf. a steep shore 


Falbala, sm. furbelow 
- — volant, a flounce 
Failace, sf. fallacy 
Fallacieusement, ad. fallacious- 
Fallacieux, se. a. fallacious 
Falloir, v. imp. to * be needful 
Fallot, sm. sort of lantern and 

large lamp 
Falot, e. a. ridiculous, merry 
FaJotement, ad. ridiculously 
Falotier, sm. the light-man at 

the king^s court 
Falourde, sf. a great fagot 
Falsificateur, sm. a falsifier 
Falsification, sf. — tion; forgery 
Falsifier, va. to falsify, forge, 

Faluner, va. to manure with sea- 
weeds and shells 
F§me, sf. fame, reputation 
Fam6, e. a. bien ou mal fam6, 

of good or bad fame 
Famelique, 2. a. hunger, starved, 

Fameux, se. a. famous 
Se familiariser, vr. to familiarize 

one's self 
Familiarite, sf. familiarity 
Familier, e. a. familiar, free 
Familiereinent, ad. freely 
Famine, sf. family, household, 

kindred, stock 
Familleux, se. a. hungry 
Famine, ,s/. famine, dearth 
Fanage, sm. hay-mnkivg; leav- 
ed branches; hay-maker's sa- 
Fanaison, .sf. mowing-time 
Fanal, sm. ship's lantern; light- 
house; watch-light 
Fanatiqne, 2. a. s. fanatic 
Fanatisme, sm. fanaticism 
Faner, va. to cause to fade; to * 

make hay 
Se faner, vr. to withir; to fade 
Fancur, se. s. a hay-mnker 
Fanfan, 2. s. dear child; honey 
Fanfare, sf. a flourish of a trum- 
pet; a parade, show 
Fanfaron, ne. a. bragging 

, sm. a bully 

Fanfaronnade, sf. bragging 
Fanfaronnerie, habit of brag- 



Fanfreluche, sf. gewgaw. 

Fange, mire, dirt, mud 

Fangeux, se. a. miry; muddy 

Fanion, sm. a banner 

Fanon, dew-lap; fetlock; pen- 
dant; funnel; beard 

Fanons, pi. the dressings of a 
broken leg or thigh 

Fantaisic, sf. fancy, mind, whim, 
humour, ojnnion 

Fantapque.'i. a. fantastical, odd 

Fantasquement, ad. fantasticah 
ly, whimsically, oddly 

Fantassin, sm. foct-toldier 

Fantasiique, 2. a. fantastic 

Fantome, sm. phantom, chime- 
ra, image 

Fantomes, pi. images of sensh 
ble things 

Faon, sm. a fawn 
Faonner, va. to fawn, to calve 
Faquin, sm. a scoundrel; a 
wooden statue to run a tilt 

, e. a. base, vile, mean 

Faquinerie, sf. meanness 
Faraillon, sm. a light-house, 

small sand-bank 
Farce, */. stuffing, farce 
Farcer, vn. to droll, to jest 
Farceur, sm. a buffoon 
Farc'm, farcy, ahorse disease 
Farcineux, se. a. that has the 

Farcir, vn. to stuff, cram 
Farcissure, sf. stuffing 
Faid, S7n. paint, tinsel, dissi- 
Fardeau, burden; load; weight 
Farder, vo. to pmnt; trim 
Farfadet, sm. hobgoblin, prig 
Farfoniller, va. to rummage 
Fari boles, .9/ pi. idle talk 
Farine, .«/. meal, flour 
Folle-farine, mill-dust 
Fariner, vn. to flour over 
Faiineux, se. a. white with meal 
Farinier, sm. mral-man 
Farinitre, sf. meal or floui^ 

warehouse, miller's wife 
Farlouse, n mtadow-lark 
Faroucht', 2. wild; stern 
Fascinape, sm. fascme-work 
Fascination, sf. enchantment 
Fascin*!, fascine, barin 
Fusciner, va. to inchant 





Fasier, va. to quiver; to mi^s 

the wind 
Faste, sm. pageartry, pomp, 

pride, vain show 
Fastes, pi. caundar; record 
Fasiidicusemeiit, ad. nauseously 
Fasiidieux, ee. o. tiresome; over- 
nice, fastnous 
Fastueusement, ad. proudly 
Fastueux, se. a. ostentatious 
Fat, sm. a corcomb 
Fatal, e. a. fatal, unlucky 
Fataiemem, ad. fatally; un- 
Fataliste, sm. fatalist 
Faialite, sf. fatality; destiny; 

Faiidique, 2. a. prophetic 
Fatigaxit, e. a~ fatiguing; tire- 
Fatigue, sf. fatigue; weariness; 

Fatiguer,ra. to tire, to fatigue; 

Fatiguer, tn. to * labour; * take 

Patras, sm. trash, trifles 
Fatuit6, sf. silliness, foppery 
Fauchage, sm. mowing 
Faucbaison, 5/. mowing-time 
Fauche, mowing; reaping 
Faucher, va. to mow 
— le grand prt, * be a galley- 
Fauchel, sm. a rake, a scraper 
Faucheur, a mower, spinner 
Faucille, sf. a sickle 
Faucon, sm. a falcon, hawk 
Fauconneau, falcon (a gun) 
Fauconnerie, */. falconry 
Fauconnier, sm. a falconer 
Faucormiere, */. hawking bag 
Faveur,/ar our, kindness 
Faufiler, va. to baste 
Se — , vr. to*keep company with 
Fauldes, sf. pi. charcoal- ovens 
Faune, sm. fawn 
TdiVora.b\e,2.a. favourable, kind 
Favorablcment, ad. favourably, 

Favori, te. a. s. favoured; fa- 
vourite, a minion 
Favoriser, va. to favour; be- 
Faussaixe, tm. a forger 

Fausse-couche, sf. miscarriage 

monnoie, false coin 

porte, a back-door 

Fausses-manches, pi. shams 
Faussement, ad. falsity 
Fausser, va. to * break; to * 
bcyid; to flinch 

— sa parole, to * hreait one's 

Fausset, sm. faucet; peg; faint 

treble [in music,) falset 
Faus3et6, sf. falsehood, forgery 
Fauie, fault, error, want 
Faute de, for want of 
Fauteuil, sm. an elbow chair 

— a roulettes, ea.^y chair that 
rujis upon wheels 

Fauteur, rice. s. a favourer 

Fauiif, ve. a. faulty 

Fauve, 2. a. fallow, rufus 

Fauvettc, sf. tom-tit; hen-linnet 

Faux, sm. a scythe 

Faux, fausse, a. false; sham 

Faux, sm. falsehood 
bourg, suburb 
frais,pl. idle expenses 
fuyant, sm. a shift, evasion 
luonnoyeur, false coiner 
semblant, deceitful appear- 
brillant, tinsel 

— bourdon, church-music 
pli, a wrong fold 
eaunage, smuggling of salt 
saunier, smuggler of salt 

F6age, sf. feoffment 

F6al, e. a. trusty 

— , sm. F6aux, pi- liege, vassal 

F6bricitant, e. troubled with an 

Febrifuge, sm. febrifuge 
F6c^s, sf. pi. feces, dregs 
F6cond, e. a. fruitful, teeming 
F6condil6, sf. fecundity, power, 

genius, plenty 
Fecule, sf. lees, sediment 
Feculence, sediment 
Feculent, e. a. feculent, foul 
F^d^raliser, va. to unite, to as- 
F6deraiif, ve. a. federative 
F6e, sf. a fairy 
F6er, va. to enchant 
F6crie, sf. fairyism [* limp 
Feindre, va. to feign; dissemble; 

Feinte, sf feint, di.'gi^isc 

Feinli.<^, dissembUvg 

Felcr, va. to * eruck 

Felicitation, sf. congratulation 

FcWrite.flicitiJ, bliss 

Felicitor, ca. to congralhlntc; te 

F^lon, ne. a s. felonious, felon 

Felonie, sf. felony, rebellion 


Felure, a crack, chink 

FmrneWe, female, hen 

, 2. a. frmale 

Femiuin, e. a. feminine; wo- 

Feininiser, va. * make feminine 

Femme, sf. a woman, wife 

— dc cliarge, housekeeper 
Femmelette, a silly, mean wo- 

FcnaiK)n, hay-harvest 

Fendant, sm. a cutting blow 

Faiie le fendant, t« butty, to hec- 
tor <^ 

Fenderie, sf. the cutting of iron .:\ 
bars, chafery w 

Fendeur, sm. cleaver 

— de naseaux, a bully, hectoring 

Fendoir, a cleaving tool 
Fendre, va. to * cleave, * split, * 

crack,* rip up,* break through 
Fenetrage, sm. the windows 
Fenetre, sf a window 
Fenil, sm. a hay-loft 
FennuU, fennel 
Fenouillelle, sf. aniseed brandy; 

sort of apple 
Feme, a cleft, chink, crack, slit, 

F6odal, e. a feudal, feodal 
Fer, sm. iron, strord 

— a f riser, a pair of pinchin/f 

— a passer, smoothing irov. 

— de lacet, tag of a lace 

— d'unecdinne, ferrule of a cent 

— de cheval, horse-shoe {in for- 

Fer blanc, sm. tin 

Fers, pi. chains, slavery, fetter* 

Ferblantier, sm. a tin-man 

Ferler, va. to furl 

Fermafje, sm. rent, hirt 

Ferniail, a clasp 





Ferine, 5/. a farm 
Bail a ferme, sm. a lease 
Ferme, 2. a. firm, steady , reso- 
lute, strong, lusty 
— , ^id. fast, hard 
Fermenient, firmly; resolutely 
Ferment, sm. ferment, leaven 
Fermentatif, ve. a. —tative 
Fermentation, sf. fermenting 
Fermenter, va. to ferment 
Fenner, to * shut, to close, * stop 

— a la clef, to lock 

— au verroii, to bolt 
Be fermer, vr. U * shut, close up 
Fermet6, sf. firmness, hardness 

courage ... 

Fermeture, shutters, &-c. for the Festiner, va. to feast 

security of a house \ Feston, sm. festoon; scollop 

F6rulc, ferula, palmer 

Fesal)le, 2. a. feasible, lawful ] 

Feseur, Faiseur, se. a. stn. ma- 
ker; doer 

Fesse, sf. buttock, hack 

Fesse-cahier, s?«. a hired copyist 

Fcsse-mathieu, a miser; a stin- 
gy fellow 

Fessee, sf. whipping 

Fesser, va. fiog, * whip over a 

Fesseur, se. s. aflogger 

Fessier, sm. bottom 

Fessu, 6. a. that has good but- 

Festin, sm. a feast, banqxut 

Fermier, e. s. a farmer 
Fermoir, sm. a clasp, chisel 
F6roce, 2. a. fierce, savage 
Ttroc\Xt,sf. ferocity ,sa:vageness 
Ferraille, old iron 
Ferrailler, vn. to fence, to tilt 
Ferrailleur, sm. a tilter, bully 
Ferrandine, sf. fe-rrandine 
Ferrandinier, sm. ferrandine- 

Ferrant (mar6chal,) /arrier 
Ferrement, an iron tool 
Ferrer, va. to * bind about with 

iron work 

— un cheval, to shoe a horse 

— un lacet, to tag a lace 

— une canne, to * tip a cane 

— la mule, to cheat one 
Ferret, sm. a tag 
Ferrenr, a taggrr of laces 
Ferri6re, sf. furrier's pouch 
Ferronncrie, sf. iron ware-house 
Ferronnier, e. 5. ironmonger 
Ferrugineux, se. a. ferruginous 

Ferrure, sf. iron-worh, shoeing 

of a horse 
FehWe, 2. a. fertile, fruitful, full 

of, terming 
Fertilement, ad fruitfully 
Fertiliser, va to fertilize 
Fertility, ef, fertility, plenty 
Fern, e. a. smitten with; fond 

of a thing 
Fervemment, ad. fervently 
Fervent, e. a. fervent 
Ferveur, sf. fervour, zeal 

Fcstonner, va. to festoon; scollop 

Festoyer, to feast 

F6te, sf. a feast; holyday ; festi- 

Fete des morts, Ml Souls day 

Fete-Dieu, Corpus Christi day 

Fetes du palais,^^. vacation-time 

F^ter, va. to * keep holiday; to 
* make welcome 

Fetiche, sf. the name of idols 
among the negroes 

F6tide, 2. a. fetid; stinking 

Fetu, sm. straw, mote 

Feu, fire; beacon; family; pas- 
sion •» 

— de joie, bonfire 

— d' artifice, fire-work 

— de paille, a sudden blaze 

— du ciel, thunder and lightning 

— follet, ignis fatuus 

— grtgcois, wild-fire 

— saint elnie, ig-nis fatvMS 
Fen, e. n. late, deceased 
Ftadata'ne, sm. feiulafory 
Feudiste, a. stn. ftudiat 
Feve, sf. bean 

— de inarais, a garden bean 

— de haricot, French bean 

— dc catie, coffee-berry 
Feve role, small bean 
Fenillage, am. leaves of a tree; 

branched work 
Fenillans, begging friars 
Feuillantine, sf. pastry * made 

Fenillantines, pi. nuns of the or- 
der of i>'t. Bernard 

1 Feuille, sf. leaf, sheet of paper, 

tfoil, minute, bill, foilagc 
— volanle, loose sheet 
Feuillee, a bower; shady place 
Feuille-morte, a. filemot, brovm 
Feuiller, vn. to * draw the leavet 
Feuillet, sm. leaf of a book 
Feuilletage, puff-paste 
Feuillet6, a light cake 
Feuilleter, va. to turn over a 

— la pate, to * make puff-paste 
Feuillette, sf. half hogshead 
Feuillu, e. a. fall of leaves 
Feui'.Iure, sf. the groove into 
which doors, &,-c. * are inserted 
F6vrier, sm. February 
Feurre, sirew,chfff 
Feutre, felt, scurvy hat 
Feutrer, va. to felt 
^^^- fy I fy upon! 
Fiacre, sm. a hackney coach, a 

Fiancailles, sf. pi. a betrothing 
Fiancfi, sm. bridegroom 
Fianc6e, sf. bride 
Fiancer, va. to betroth 
Fibre, sf. fibre, filament 
Fibrcnx, se. a. fibrous 
Fibrille, sf. a very small slender 

Ficeler, va. to tie, to * bind 
Ficelle, sf. packthread 
Ficcllier, sm. a reel 
Fiche, .<;/. hinge hook; fish {at 

Ficher, va. to * stick in 
Fichu,«m.a woman's neck-hand- 
Ficliu, e. a. pitiful, silly 
Fichnmfnt, atl. pitifully 
Fictit", ve. a. fictitious, .supposed 
Fiction, .sf. fiction, lie, story 
Fidei-coinniis, sm. feoffment cf 

— cf)nnniptsaire,/«>^ce nf trust, 

Fi'drle, 2 a. s. faithful, loyal, 

Fidt'lement, ad. faithfully 
Fidelity, .«/ fidelity; faithful- 
ness; loyalty 
Fidnciaire, 2. u. fiduciary 
Fief, sm. fief; tenure; fee; mOf 
nor; feud 





Fief dominant, manor belonging 

to a lord paramount 
t'ieffe, e. a. arrant^ mere, very 
FicSiiC, va. to enfeoff 
Fiel. sm. gall, grudge 
Fieate, sf. dung 
Fieuter, va. to dung, to mute 
Fier, va. to intrust 
Se fier, vr. to rely, trust to 
Fier, e. a. proud; lofty; fierce 
Fier a bras, sin. hector, bully 
Fierement, ad. haughtily 
Fierte, sf. pride; haughtiness; 

stateliness; fierceness 
Fierte, shrine for relics 
Fievre, a fever, ague 

— iatermittente, intermitting 

— lente, hectic fever 

— scarlaiine, scarlet fever 

— inilliaire, miliary fever 

— ardente, calenture 

— cliaud, a violent fever 

— tierce, a tertian ague 

— (juarte, a quartan ague 

— pourpree, spotted fever 
Fievrcux, se. a. feverish; aguish 
Fievrote,s/. little fever 

Fifre, sm.fife,fifer 
Figcment, congealing 
Figer, va. to congeal, coagulate 
Fignoler, vn. to strive to excel 

others (low) 
Pigue, 5/. a fig, a sneer 
Figuerie, orchard of fig-trees 
Figuier, SOT. a fig-tree 
Figuratif, ve. a. figurative 
Figurativcment, ad. —vcly 
Figure, sf. figure; form; shape 
Figur6mcnt, ad. figuratively 
Figurer, va. to figure, express 
Se — , vr. to imagine, fancy 
Figurer, vn- to look well; to 

match; suit; rank 
Figurines, sf. pi. very little fi- 
gures in painting 
Fii, sm. thread; wire; edge; 

— retors, twine 

— d'or, gold wire 
Filage. sm. spinning 
Filament, filament, thread 
Filatnenteux, se. a. that has fi- 
laments, filaeeoris 

Fjjandiere, sf- a spinster 

Filandres, pi. sea-weeds on a 
ship's bottom; motes ; filanders 
Filandreux, se. a. full of filan- 
ders, motes, iSc. 
Filasse, sf. flax, or hemp, ready 

to * be * spun 
Filassier, sm.flax or hemp dress- 
Filature, sf. spinning 
File, file, row, order 
— a la file, ad. in a row 
Filer, va. to * spin, * wire-draw; 

vn. to rope; file off; purr 
Filer doux, to * give fair words 
Fi\er-^,sf. the place where hemp 

orjlax * is * spun 
Filet, sm. string, filet, net,ridge; 

Fileur, se. s. .ipinner, wire-draw- 
er; string-maker; spinster 
Filial, e. a. filial 
Filialement, ad. son-like 
Filiation, sf. —tion, descent 
Filiere, wire-drawing iron; win- 
Filigrane, sm. filigrane, or fili- 
Fille, sf. girl, maid, daughter 
Fillette, a young lass 
Filleul, sm. a god-son 
Filleule, sf. a god-daughter 
Filon, sm. vein in a mine 
FHoselte, sf. ferret-. 'ilk, gro- 

Filou, sm. sharper; pick-pocket 
Filouter, va. to pilfer; cheat 
Filoulerie, sf. pUfi-ring; sharp- 
Fils, sm. son, child, boy 
Filtration, sf straining 
Fillre, SOT. stuff for strainino li- 
quors, a filter, charm 
Filtrer, va. to filtrate [ing 

Filure, .f/. spinning, icire-drmo- 
Fin, sm. end, aim, scope, design 
F\n,cunning; main point; cream 
Fin, e. a. fine, thin, subtle; sly; 

cunning; sharp; nimble 
Finage, sm. extent of a juris- 
Final, e. a. final, last 
Fina!ement, ad. finally 
Finan'-e, sf. duty, tax 
Finances, pi. finances, trejsury, 
exchequcTi spunae 

Financer, v. to raise money 
Financier, sm. financier 
Finasser, vn. to carry it cun 

Finasseur, se. o. s. sly man, of 

Finasserie, sf. cunning, craft \ 

FinauA, e. a. low, cunning man \\ 

FinemenlfOd. finely; cunningly ^ 

Finesse, sf. fineness; art^ce; 

slyness; ingenuity; jest; de 

Finer, te. a. subtle; sly 
Finiment, sm. the finishing of a 

Finir, va. to finish; to end 
Finis.seur, SOT. a finisher 
Fiole, sf. vial 
Fioti, SOT. the finishing 
Firmament, the firmamsnt, sky 

cope of heaven 
Fisc, the king's treasure 
FiscaJ, e. a. fiscal 
Fissure, sf. fissure, crack 
Fistulc, fi'tula, ulcer 
Fistuleux, se. a. fi.Hulous 
Fixation, sf. — tion, setting oj 

Fixe, '2. a. fixed, steady 
I'ixement, ad. fixedly, steadfast 


Fixer, va to * fix, settle 
Fi.\it6, sf. fixity, fixidify 
Flacon, sm. a decanter, smelling 

Flagellation, sf. scourging 
Flageller, va. to scourge 
Flageolet, sm. afingeUt 
Flagorner, vn. to * pick-thanks 
Flagornerie, sf. picking of 

Flagoinour, se. s. a pick-thank 
Flauranl, fere pris en flagrant 

u6!it, to * be * taken in the 

Flair, sm scent (in hunting) 
Flaire, va. to * smell; to * fore' 

Flairenr, sm. a parasite 

Flamhant, e. n. blizivg 

Flamhe, sf flig 'afiower) 

Flamheaii, sm. a flambeau; can' 
dlestick; light; link; fire- 
brand; bouie-feu 

Ftamber, ra- *Q siv^e; to basU 





Flamber, vn. to blaze, flask 
Fkimberge, sf. a rapier 
Flamboyant, e. a. glistering 
Ftamboyer, vn. to glister 
Flamine, sm. flamen (a Roman 

Flamine, .«/. flame; ship's pen- 
dant; steam 
■-Flammeche, a spark of fire 
Flan, sm. custard; plate 
Flanc, flank, side 
FJandrin, slim, long-backed fel- 
Flanelle, sf. flannel 
Flanquer, ^Ja. to flank; to * give 
Flaqtie, sf. splash; pond; 

Flaqmie, a dash of water 
Flaquer, va. to dash, to sluice 
Flasque, 2. a. faint, flabby 
Flatter, va. to * bum in the fore- 
Flatter, to flatter; please,* make 

much of, hug 
Be flatter,?5a. to flatter one^ s self 
Flatterie, sf. flattery, fawning 
Flatteur, se. a. s, flattering, flat- 
Flatteusement, ad. flatteringly; 

Flatueux, se. a. flatulent 
Flatuosit6, sf.flatuosit.y, wind 
Fleau, sm. a flail, a plague, a 

beam of a balance 
Fleclie, sf. arrow, stitch, beam, 

Fl6chir, v. to * bend, to soften, 

to relent, to submit 
FI6chissable, 2. a. flexible, pli- 
Flechispenient, sm. genuflexion, 

Flf^chisseur, bender 
Flegrnatique, o. a. — tic; grave 
FKitrir, v. to fade, to blemish, 

Fif^trissure, sf. withering, ble- 
mish, mark of having been 
branded, disgrace 
Fleur, a flower; blossom; bloom.; 
lustre; choice; prime; flourish 
Fteur de fArineffine flower 
Fleur-de-lis, a flower-de-luce 
Fleur de la passion, passion- 

Fleur a fleur, ad. even with 
Fleuraison, sf. the blowing time 

of flowers 
Fleurdeliser, va. to flourish with 

flower-de-lu-ce, to brand 
Fleurer, Flairer, vn. to * smell 
Fleuret, sm. a ferrety fencing- 
foil, gross ailk 
Fleuretis, flourish in music, 
empty stuff [joling 

Fleurette, sf. a little floioer; ca- 
Fleurir, vn. to blossom, to * blow, 

to flourish, * grow hoary 
Fleuriste, s. a florist 
Fleuron, sm. aflower-work, gem, 

border, tool 
Fleuve, sm. a large river 
Flexjbilil6, sf. pliableness 
Flexible, 2. a. flexible, supple 
Flexion, sf. flexion, bending 
Flibustier, sm. a buccaneer 
Flic tiac, ad. thwick thwack 
Flocon, sm. flake, flock, tuft 
Floral, e. a. floral 
Florentine, sf. sort of * wrought 
satin, also a sort of fine tulip 
Florin, sm. afiorin, one shilling 

and tenpence 
Florissant, e. a. flourishing 
Flot, sm. a wave, tide 
Flottage, the carrying a fioat of 

wood down a river 
Flottant, e. a. floating, waver 

ing, fleeting 
Floite, sf. a fleet, a crowd 
Flotter, vn. to float, fluctuate 
Flotille, sf. flotilla 
Fluant, e. a. running, blotting 

Fluctuation, sf. —tion 
FluctueuXjSe. a.fiuctuous; bois- 
Fluer, vn. to flow; to * run 
Fluer & refluer, to ebb and flow 
Fluet, tc. a. puny; tender 
Fluide, 2. a. fluid; fluent 
Fluidity, sf. —ty, volubility 
FlOite, a flute; pink (a ship) 
Fliite Allemande, ou traversiere, 

a German flute 
Fliiter, vn. to pipe, to tope 
FJuteur, sm. a piper 
Fluviatile, 2. a. of fresh water 
Flux, sm, flood; tide; flux; 
flush at cards 

Flux de sang, bloody flux 

— de venire, looseness 

— d'urine, diabetes 

— de bouche, chattering, always 

Fluxion, sf. defluxion; cold, iry. 
flammatiun; rheum 

— aux yeux, a course of humours 
in the eyes 

Fluxionaire, 2. a. rheumatic 
Focus, sm. focus, centre 
Fauns, fcBtus, embryo 
Foi, sf faith; evidence; fealty 
Foible, 2. a. feeble, weak, faint 

, sm. foible, iceak side 

Foiblement, ad. weakly; faintly 
Foiblesse, sf. weakness; swoon 

— de courage, faint-hearted- 

Foiblir, vn. to slacken; to * give 

Foie, sm. the liver 
Foin, hay 

— d'arriere saison, after-math 

— d'un articliaut, the choke of 
an artichoke 

Foin, int. fy upon ! 

Fo i re , sf fu ir; fairing; looseness 

Foireux, se.a. *. troubled with a 

Fois, sf. time, bout 
Foison, plenty, alundance 
Foisonuer, vn. to abound, in- 

Folatre, 2. a. s. playful, wanton^ 

waggish, a romp 
Folatrement, ud. wantonly 
Folutrer, vn. to play, to toy 
Folatrerie, */. ploying, wanton 

Foliclion, ne. a. s. sportive, a 

Folie, sf. folly, madness, debau- 
chery, fondness; wanton dis- 

Folle, a. f vid. Fou 
Follement, ad. mndly, foolishly 
Follet, te. a. wanton 
Folliculaire. 2. a. follicular 
Folhcule, SOT. follicula, or the 

bladder of the gull, follicule 
Fomentation, sf —tion 
Fonienter, va. to foment; abet 
Fonc6,e. a. monicd,well-ground- 



Couleut fonc6e, */. a deep co- 
Foncer, va. to supply with, *^put 

a head to a cask, * fall upon 
Foncier, e. a. skilled in, learned 
Fonciereinent, ad. thoroughly 
Fonction, sf. function, office 
Fond, sm. bottom, ground, main 
point, back part, head of a cask 
Fond de cale, hold of a ship 
Fond de lit, tester 
Fondamental, e. a. fundamen- 
Pierre fondamcnlale, sf. foun- 
dation stone 
Fondamentalement, ad. funda- 
Fondant, e. a. melting 
Fondant, sm. dissolvent 
Fondateur, a founder 
Fondation, sf. foundation, en- 
Fondatrice, a foundress 
Fondement, sm. foundation, ba- 
sis, cause, fundament 
Fonder, va. to found, ground, to 

* lay the foundation; endow 
Se — , vr. to * be grounded 
Fonderie, sf. a foundry, the art 

of casting 
Fondeur, sm. a founder 
FondiC, va. to milt, * cast, *fall 
in; * fall away; * sink, *push 
upon, stoop doicn 
Fondriere, sf. a quagmire, bog 
Fondrilles, pi. grounds, lees 
Fonds, sm. land, soil, fund, stock 

d'anioriissement, sinking 

Fonger, va. to sink, to blot 
Fongible, 2. a. con.-<u:nable 
Fongueiix, se. a. sp on gio us, fun- 
Fongus, sm. ercresci-nce 
Fontaine, sf. fountain; spring, 

cistern, issue 
Fontange, a lop-kvot 
Fonte, mlting; cast-iron, font 
Fontenier, sm. a conduil-muker 
Fonticule, sf. fnntanel, issue 
Fonts, sm. pi. the font, baptismal 

Forage, sm. duty on wine 
Forain, e. s. foreign, alien 
, e. s. foreigner, alien 


Forban, sn. a pirate 
Format, a galley-slave 
Force, sf. strength, fortitude, 
violence, force, power, magna- 
nimity, energy 
Force, a. many, plenty, store 
Forcement, ad. forcibly 
ForcenA, e. a. mad, in a fury 
Forcener, vn. to * be mad 
Forcer, va. to force; to * break 

Forceps, sm. pi. surgeon's pin- 
Forces, sf. pi. shears, forces, 

troops, strength 
Forcettes, pi. small shears 
Forclorre, va. to forejudge, pre- 
Forclusion, sf. forejudging 
Forer, va. to bore, to drill 
Foresiier, sm. forester, ranger 
Foret, sf. a forest 
Foret, sm. a gimlet, a piercer 
Forfaire, v. to trespass, forfeit 
Forfait, sm. a crime; misdoing 
Forfaiture, sf. forfeit, offence 
Forfanterie, romancery, quack- 
Forge, a forge 

Forger, va. to forge; to ham- 
mer, to invent 
Forger, vn. to over-reach (as 

some horses do) 
Forgeron, sm, a blacksmith 
FoT'^eur, forger, hammerer 
Forligner, vn. to degenerate 
Se forlonger, vr. to * run a 

length, linger 
Se formaliser, to * take offence 
Formaliste, 2. a. s. formalist 
Formality, sf. formality, form 
Forniariage, sm. clandestine 

Format, size of a book 
Formation, sf. forming 
Formalrice, a. f. formative 
Forme, sf. form, last, shape, 
figure, manner, formality; 
block; staU in a choir 

— (pour des has,) a leg 

— de cliappau, crown of a hat 
Forrael, le. a. formal, precise, 

Formellement, ad. formally, ex- 


Former, va. to form, frame, 

* make, fashion, start, * put 

— un siege, * lay a formal siege 

— le proces, * draw an indict- 

— (instruire,) to inform; train, 

* bring up 
Se — , vr. to * be made, to * be 

bred, to arise; to * grow a 

Formidable, 2. a. formidable 
Foniiier, sm. a last-maker 
Formulaire, a. formulary 
Formule, sf. set form 
Fornicateur, sm. fornicator ■ 
Fornication, sf. —tion, idolatry 
Fors, pr. save, except 
Fort, e. a. strong, stout, hard 
Fori, sm. master-piece; skill, 

main point, middle, height, 

heat, bias, fort 
Fort, ad. very, very miuh, hard 
Fort et ferme, stoutly 
Fortement, strongly, stoutly 
Forteresse, sf. a fortress 
Fortitiant, e. o. strengthening 
Fortiticateur, sm. strcngthencr 
Fortification, sf. — tion 
Fortitier, va. to fortify, to 

strengthen, corroborate 
Se — , vr. to gather strength 
Fortin, sm. little fort, sconce 
Fortraire, va. to convey away 
Fortuit, e. a. fortuitous, casual 
Fortuiteinent, ad. accidentally, 

casually, by chance 
Fortune, sf. fortune, luck, condi 
tion, destiny, chance 

— de mer, storm 
Fortune, e. o. fortunate; happy 
Fortvetu, sw. a scoundrel; up 

start, beggar 
Tox\in\, forum 
Forure sf. key-hole, bore 
Fosse, grave, pit, hole 

— de I'estomac, pit of the sto 

Fosse, sm. ditch, moat 
Fosset, a pfg, faucet 
Fossette, sf.' chuck-hole, dimple 
Fossilc, 2. a. sm. fossil 
Fossoyer, va. to moat round 
Fossoyeur, sm. a grave digger, 


Fou, fol, le. a. mad; silly; very 

fond; foolish 
— , sm. a fool; jester; a bishop 

at chess; beech- tree 
Fouage, hearth-money 
Fouailier, va. tofiog^ to lash 
Foudre, sf. thunder-bolt 
— , sm. a large tun 
Foudroiement, sin. thunder- 
Foudroyant, e. a. thundering^ 

Foudroyante, sf. squib; rocket 

resembling a thunder-bolt 
Foudroyer, va. to thunder-strike; 

batter; fulminate 
— , vn. to storm 

Fou6e, sf. fowling by candle- 
light [lash 
Fouet, sm. whip, whipcord, rod, 
Fouett6, e. a. whipt 
Fouetter, va. to * whip, lash, to 

* cut 
Fouetteur, se. s. afiogger 
Fouger, ya. to root, to * dig 
Fougeraie, sf. femey ground 
Fougere, fern {ship) 

Fougon, sm. a cook-room (in a 
Fougue, sf. heat, impetuosity 
Foiigueux, se. o. fiery, hot; un- 

Fouilie, sf. trenching, raking up 
FouilJe-au-pot, sm. a scullion 
Fouiller, va. to trench; to rake 

up; to rummage; * search 
Pouine, sf. a polecat 
Fouir la terre, va. to * dig the 

Foulage, sm. the pressing of 

Foale, sf. crowd; throng; op- 
pression; fulling 
Fouler, va. to tread; to fall; 

trample on; oppress; gall 
— du drap, to mill cloth 
Foulerie, sf. hatUr's or fuller's 

workhouse; wine-press 
Fouleur, sm. a grape- treader; a 

Foul6e8, sf. pi. deer's tracks 
Fouloir, sm. hatter's working 

board; trough of a press 
Foulon, a fuller 
Foulure, sf. sprain, surbating 
Four, sm. oven; kiln; bake-house 


Fourbe, cheat, impostor 
, 2. a. cheating; deceitful, 
— , sf. imposture, cheat 
Fourber, va. to cheat; to * trick 
Fourberie, sf. imposture, cheat 
Fourbir, va. to furbish 
Fourbisseur, sm. a sword-cutler 
Fourbissure, sf. furbishing 
Fourbu, e. a. foundered 
Fourbure, sf. foundering 
Fourche, a pitchfork 
Fourches patibulaires, a gibbet 
Fourcher, vn. to * grow forked 
Fourchette, sf. a fork 
Fourchon, sm. a fork with three 

Fourchon, prong of a fork 
Fourchu, e. a. forked, cloven 
Fourgon, sm. a sort of wagon, 

an oven-fork, poker 
Fourgonner, va. to stir the fire; 

to poke; to fumble about 
Fourmi, sf. ant, pismire 
Fourmiliant, e. a. swarming 
Fourmillement, sm. pricking; 
itching [to* be full of 

Fourmiller, vn. to swarm with 
Fourmilliere, sf. an ant's nest, 

a throng; a swarm 

Fournaise, a furnace; kiln, 

trial [mine 

Fourneau,S7n. a stove, kiln, small 

Foumee, sf. batch of bread, 

Fourni, e. full, thick 
Fournier, sm. an oven-tender 
Fournil, a bakehouse 
Fourniraent, powder-flask 
Fournir, va. to furnish; * find; 

afford; * make up, supply 
Fournir, vn. to serve the turn 
Fournisseraent, sm. furniture; 

Fournisseur, contractor 
Fourniture, sf. furnishing: pro- 
vision, furniture, remittance, 
trimming, small salad 
Fourrage, sm. fodder, forage 
Fourrager, v. to fumgc, ravage 
Fourrageur, sm. forager 
Fourreau, a case, scabbard 
Fourreau de robe, a frock 
Fourrer, va. to thrust in; to * 
stuff with; to fur 



Se fourrer, vr. to intrude one's 

self; engage.—Faix fourr^e, 

deceitful peace 
Fourreur, sm. furrier, skinner 
Fourrler, harbinger, provider 
Fourriere, sf. a wood-yard, 

Fourrure, a fur, fur-lining 
Fourvoyemem, sm. a going 

astray; error 
Fourvoyer, vn. to * mislead 
Se — , vr. to go out of one's 

way, to err 
Fouteau, sm. a beech-tree 
Foyer, a hearth; heat; house; 

centre; seat; a tiring-room; 

Fracas, crash, clatter, noise 
Fracasser, va. to * break in 

Fraction, sf. fraction 
Fractionnaire, 2. a. fractional 
Fracture, sf. fracture, breaking 
Fractur6, e. a. broken 
Fragile, 2. a. frail, brittle 
Fragilit6, sf. —lity, frailty, hrit- 

Fragment, sm. a fragment 
Frai, spawn, fry, wearing out 
Fraichement, ad. coolly; newly; 

FrdLicheur,sf. coolness; freshness 
Fraichir, vn. to increase (speak- 
ing of the wind) 
Frairie, sf. a merry-making; 

Frais, fraiche, a. cool, fresh, 

new, recent, raw [air 

Frais,; coolness; fresh 
Frais, pi. charges, expenses 
Frais, ad. newly, coolly 
Fraise, .«/. a strawberry; ruff; 


de veau, calfs pluck 

Fraiser, va. to plait; knead; 

Fraisette, sf. small strawberry 
Fraisi, sm. cinders 
Fraisier, strawberry plant 
Framboise, sf. raspberry 
Framboiser, va. to * give a tastt 

of raspberry 
Fi^mboisier, sm. raspberry bush 
Franc, livre, a piece of money, 
value 20 pence French 




Franc, fra.iche, a. free; frank; 

mere; arrant: true, op :n 
Fra ic, a J: pliialij; jlJily; coni- 

Franc-sale, sm. allowance of salt 

alleu, afreeholi 

lenancier, a freeholder 

Francheinent, ad. pi linly, freely 
Fraachir, * leap ooer, to 
overcome [dom 

Franchise, sf. immunity; free- 
Franciser, vn. to Frenchify 
Fran(:ois, sm. Francis 
Francois, e. a. s. Frejick 
Francois, sm- F.-enchman 
Francoise, sf. Frenchwoman 
Fraiige, fringe, border 
Frangcon, sm. little fringe 
Fraagar, va. tu fringe 
Franger, e. s. fringe-maker 
Frangipane, sf. kind of perfume, 

cream and almond cake 
Fmnque, a. (!a langue) a lan- 
guage used in the L.eoant; 
lingua franca 
Franquett»i— a la fraiiquette, too 

freely; without ceremony 
Frappaiit, e a. striking; essen- 
tial, material 
Frappe, sf. st imping 
P'rappo-inain, sm hot cockles 
Frappera ;nt-d j-inains, clapping 

of hinds 
Frappcr, oi. to * strike, * smite, 
kno k [ney 

— (le la inonnoie, to stamp mo- 

— des mains, to * clap 
Frapp.jur, Suv .«. striker, knocker 
Fra-sque, sf. a trick 

Fraier, sm. a young barber 
Fratcrnel, le a. brjtherly 
Frateriiellement, ad. fraternal- 
ly; looingly 
Fraterniser, on. to lioe in a bro- 
therly manner 
FratiTiiite, .*/. -nity; brotherly 

looe, 8o:iily 
Fratriciili!. -a. fratricide 
Frajl-i, sf. frail I; deceit; cheat 
Frandfr, o.i to defraud; cheat 

!es droits, to .^mu^g'e 

Fraudeur, sn. d^frauder 

de douane, a smuggler 

Fraudnleusetnent, ad. fraudu- 
lently; by a trick 

Frauduleux, se. a. fraudulent 

fraudulous, crafty 
Fiayer, vn. to open, to * show, 
rub against,grdze,spawn,agree 
Frayeur, sf. fright; dread; fear 
Fredaine, a prank; frolic 
Fredon, sm. trilling; quavering; 
a glee [* shake 

Fredonner, vn. to trill; quaver, 
Fregate, sf. afrigati 
Frein, sm. bit, bridle, curb 
Frelampier, a mere scrub 
Frelater, va. to adulterate 
Freiaterie, sf. sophistication 
Frele, 2. a frail; weak; brittle 
Frelon, sm. a hornet, drone 
Frelucue, sf. a tuft 
Freluquet, sm. a prig, spark 
Fremir, vn. to shudder; chafe, 

to roar, to simmer, tremble 
Fremisseinerit,*.-?!. a shuddering; 

trembling; humming 
Frene, an ash tree 
Frenesie, sf. a frenzy, madness 
Fr6netique, 2. a. s. frantic 
Frequeiunient, ad. frequently 
Frequence, sf. frequency 

Frequent, e. a. frequent; usual 
Freiiueniatif, ve. a. —tative 

Frequentation, sf. frequenting, 
hunting, conversing 

Frequeuier, va. to frequent, 
haunt, * keep company with 

Frequenter, va. to use a place 

Friire, $ni. a brother 

Frere (religieux,) /nar, monk 

dt Vait, foster-brother 

Friires jumeaux, p/. twins 

Frerot, sm. little brother 

Fresaie, sf. screech-owl 

Fresque (peindre a,) to paint in 

Pressure dt reau, sf. calf s pluck 

Pressure de cochon, */. hog's 

Fret, sm. freight 

Freter, va. to freight 

Freteur, .sm. freighter, owner 

Frctillant, e. a. fluttering; frisk- 

Freilllemeut, sm. frisking 

Freiiller, vn. to frisk, flutter 

Fretin, sm. a fry, trash 

Fretle, sfferrnils; ferril; iron- 

Frette, e. a. fretton {in herala 

Friabiiit6, sf. —lity 
Friable, 2. a. friable, brittle 
Friaud, e. a. dainty^ nice 
Friaud, e. s. sweet tooth 
Friandise, sf. daintiness 
Friandises, pi. tid-bits 
Fricaudeau, sm. Scotch- collops 
Fricassee, sf. fricassee 
Fricasser, va. to fry; to squander 

Fricasseur, srn. a paltry cook 
Friche, sf. land untilled 
Friction, — tion; rubbing 
Frigidite, natural frigidity; cool- 
Frigorifique, 2. a. cooling 
Frilleux, se. a. chilly 
Friinas, sm. rime, hoarfrost 
Fringant, e. a. gamesome; airy, 

Fringuer, v. to frisk, to rinse 

Friper, vn. to rumble, gobble 
down; * spoil, squander away 

Friparie, sf. a second hand 

, broker's trade 

, broker's street 

Fripe-sauce, sm. lickspit 

Fripeur, a waster 

Fripier, e. .s. a salesman; a bro- 

Fripon, ne. a. s. roguish; rogue 

Friponneau, sm. little rogue 

Friponner, va. to cheat; to play ' 
the truant^' 

Friponnerie, sf. knavish trick 

Friponnier, sm. a sharper 

Friquel, a slice; a prig; a kind 
of sparrow 

Frire, va. to fry, squander 

Frise, sf. frieze, flannel 

Friser, va to curl, crisp, graz^ 
rufie, knap 

Frisoir, sm. hatr%odkin 

Prison, under petticoat 

Frisotter, va. to frizzle, crisp 

Frisquette, sf. a frisket 

Frisson, sm. a shivering; a cold 

Prissonnement, /eccnaA, shiver' 


Prissonner, vn. to shiver; shud- 


I risure, s/. curlivg., cvrl 

!• 1 itiilaire, sf. —lanj, (a flower) 

■ u I u re, frying; fried fish; drip- 

] ii\o!e, 2. a. frivolous, vain, 

Frivolito, sf. frivolousness 
Froc, sm. monlc's habit 
Frocard, a monk {ironically) 
Frocqu6, a. who wears a monk's 

Froid, e. a- cold; frigid; grave 
Froid, sm. cold, coldness 
Faire, ou battre froid, to receive 

coldly, to look cold on 
Froidcment, ad. coldly, weakly 
Froideur, sf. coldness, cold re- 
ception, indifference 
Froid I r, vn. to * grow cold 
Froidure, sf. cold {of the air) 

, winter (in poetry) 

Froidureux, se. a. chilly 
Fio\ssumeni,sm. collision; bruis- 
ing, dashing 
Froisser, va. to bruise; to rum- 
ple; to dash to pieces 
Froissure, sf. a bruise 
Frolonient, sm. grazing , 
Froler, va. to graze 
Fiomage, sm. chrcsc 
Fromager, e. s. cheesemonger 
Fromagerle, sf. cheese-market, 

I'l'icr. where cheese is * made 
Froruagcux, se a. cheesy 
rroment, sin. wheat 

d'liide, Indian corn 

Fr()ineinac6e, a. f. of the genus 

of wheat 
Froiicement de sourcils, sm. 

Froncer, va. to gathrr; pucker 

le sourcil, to froicn 

Fmncis, sm. gathrr, pucker 
Fronclc, a bile, f dan 
Fronde, sf. a sting, faction 




Frontiere, sf. frontiers, borders i Fulniiner, v. to fulminate, to 

Frontiere, a. f. frontier fret and fume 

Frontispice, sm. frontispiece, Fumant, e. a. smoking, fuming 

Fronton, a pediment 
Frottage, rubbing 
Frottement, friction; rubbing 
Frotter, va. to rub; * do over, 

Fronder, va. to *(Ming, stickle, 

to blame; to 

Frondeiir, sm. stinger, anticour- 

ficr, a stickler 
Front, forehead; front; 


Front a front, face to face 
Frontal, si7i. afrontlet 
Fronteau, frontlet, head stall 

Tsure govern- 


He — , vr. to meddle with 
Frottenr, se. a rubber 
Frottoir, sm. a rubbing-cloth 
Frouer, va. to call birds 
Fructifier, v. to fructify; to '* 

thrive; to * be fruitful 
Fructitication, sf. — tio7i 
Fructueusesrient, ad. successful- 
ly, profitably 
Fructueux, se. a. lucrative; pro- 
Frugal, e. a. sober; frugal 
Frugalenient, ad. soberly; fru- 

Frugality, sf. frugality, sober- 
Frugivore, 2. a. frvgivorovs 
Fruit, sm. fruit; advantage; 

profits; progress; effects 
Fruitage. }rw/« {in general) 
Fniiteiie, sf. fruitery, fruit-loft 
Fruitier, a. fruit-bearing; fru- 

Fiuilicr, sm.fruit-gard'm; fruit- 
Fruitier regrattier, /rw/icrer 
Fruitii-re, sf. a fruit or herb wo- 
Fruition, — tion, enjoyment 
F'nisquiii, sm. one's all 
Frustrcr, ?ja. to frustrate; balk; 

deprive of; disiippoinl 
Fugitif, ve. a. s. fugitive 
Fug{iC,sf.fugue, rhacc{in music) 
Fuie, .imall pigeon-hou.'ie 
Fuir, va. to * fiy, to * run away, 

to shift off, to shun 
Fuir, vn. to appear at a certain 

distance, to puff 
Fuite, ."if. flight, avoiding; eva- 

FulL'uration, — tion 
Fuligiii('u.\, se. a. 

F'uliniiiant, ( 

Horming; mad 

f. —tion 

Fumee, sf. smoke, steam 
Fumees, sf. pi- fumes, fumets 
Funier, v. to smoke, to dung, to 

fret, to chafe 
Fumet, sm. flavour, taste 
Fumeur, a smoker 
Funieux, se. a. smoky, fumy, 

Fumier, sm. muck, dung, dung- 
Fumigation, sf. —tion 
Funiiger, va. to fumigate 
Funebre, 2. a. funeral, dismal 
Funer, va. to rig 
Funerailles, obsequies 
Funeralre, 2. a. s. funeral, fth 

Funeste, 2. a. fatal, unlucky 
Funestenient, ad. fatally 
Funeur, sm. a rigger 
Funin, rigging, a rope 
Fur— a fur el a inusure, from 

hand to mouth 
Furet, sm. a ferret 
Fureter, v. to ferret, to * search 
Fureteur, s?H. aferretter; pryer 
Fureur, sf. fury, rage, madness, 

Furibond, e. a. s. furious; raging 

Furie, sf fury, passion, heat 
Furieusement, ad. excessively 
Furieux, se. a. mad, furious, pro- 
Furtif, ve. a. clandestine, by 

Furtivenicnt, ad. by stealth 
Fusain, sm. the spindlc-trec 
Fuseau, spindle; bobbin 
Fusee, sf. spindle-full, rocket, 

squib, fusee, barrel, fillet 
Denieler une fus6e, to clear an 

intricate business 
Fut-i'r,rrt. to slake,* run,* spread 
Fusihiliie, sf. —lily 
FuHibli', 2. a. fusible, fusils 
Fusil, sui. fire-lock, tinder-boz, 

steel, light gun 
FuiiWier, fusilier 
Fusillade, sf. a general discharge 

uf small guns 
Fusion, sf. fusicn, or melting 





Fustigation, fiogging 
Fustiger, va. to scourge, lash 
Fut, sm. gun-stock, shaft of a 
pillar, drum-barrel: cash, staff 
Fuiaie, sf. a forest of lofty trees 
Falaiile, a cooA-, a vtsstl 
Futaillerie, wood Jit for casks 
Futaine, /usaan, dimity 
Futainier, sm.. fustian or dimity 

Fute, e. a. crafty, cunning 
Futile, 2. a. trifling, vain, futile 
Futilite, sf. futility, vanity 
Futur, e. a. future, to come 

, sm. future tense; futurity 

, e. a. said (in law) of per- 
sons who are on the point of 
m arriage 
Futurition, sf. —tion 
Fuyant, e. a. flying; faux-fuyant, 

Fuyard, sm. a runaway; coward 
, e. a. apt to run away, fear- 


GAB ARE, sf. a lighter 
Gabari, sm. a model for 

Gabarier, lightermen 

Gabelage, the drying of salt in a 

Gabeler, va. to * let salt dry in 
a magazine 

Cabelcur, sm. a gableman 

Gabelle, sf. excise, duty on salt 

Gabion, sm. a gabion 

Gabionnade, sf. — nade 

Gabionner, va. cover with ga- 

Cache, sf. staple, wall-hook 

Giicher, va. to *mix; rinse linen 

Giicheux, se. a. miry, slabby 

Gachis, sm. slab, plash 

Gadelle, sf. currants 

Gadellier, sm. currant-bush 

Gadouard, a nightman 

Gadoue, sf. ordure, filth 

Gafle, gaff, iron hook 

Gage, sm.pawn, token, pledge 

Gager, va. to hire, to bet, * lay 
Gages, 5771. pi. wages, salary 
Gageur, se. s. a better 

Gageure, sf. wager, bet 
Gagifete, sm. hired man in a 

Gagnage, pasture-ground 
Gagnages, Gagnerles, crop 
Gagnant, e. s. a winner 
Gagne-denier, sm. a labourer 
Gague-pain, livelihood 
Gagne-pelit, knives, or scissors- 
Gagner, va. to * get, gain, * win, 

carry, reach, earn, bribe 
Gagner a>i pie, scamper away 
Se gagner, vr. to * be catching 
Gagni, sf. jolly plump girl 
Gai, e. a. gay, merry, lively 
Gaiement, ad. merrily, gaily 
Gaiete, sf. gaiety, mirth 
Gaillard, e. a. merry, brisk, tipsy. 

gallant, jolly, pleasant 
Gaillard d'avant, sm. forecastle 
Gaillard d'arriere, quarterdeck 
Gaillarde, sf. a sprightly dance 
Gaillardement, ad. merrily 

bluntly, boldly 
Gaillardise, sf. frolic, gaiety 
Gain, sm. gain, lucre, profit 
Gain (au jeu,) winnings 
Gaine, sf. a sheath 
Gainier, sm. a sheath, or case- 
Gala, /fflif, entertainment 
Galamnient, ad. genteelly, finely, 

gallantly, widely 
Galant, e. o. genteel, clever 
Galani, sm. spark, sweetheart 
Galant, knot of ribands 
Galanterle, sf. gallantry, in- 
Galaxie, the milky way 
Galbanum, sm. — (gum) 
Gale, sf. the itch, the mange 
Galee, a printer' s galley 
Se galer, vr. to scratch, to rub 
Galere, sf. gaily, cornice 
Galexie, galley^', balcony 
Gal6rien, sm. a galley-slave 
Galet, a shufiie-board, pebble 
Galetas, a garret 
Galette, sf. a muffin 
Galeux, se. a. itchy 
Galeux, se. s. scabby man or 

GaJiniafr6e, sf. gallimaufry; 

Galimatias, sm, bombast, non 

Galion, a galleon 
Galiote, sf. a bark, galliot 
Galiote a bonib*>s, bombketch 
Galipot, sm. rosin 
Galle (noLx de) sf. gall-nut 
Gallican, e. a. gallican 
Gallicisme, sm. —cism 
Galoche, sf. galosh 
Galon, sm. galoon, lace, gallon^ 

grocer's box 
Galonuer, va- to lace 
Galop, sm. gallop 
Galopadc, sf. galloping 
Galoper, vn. to gallop, hunt 
Galopin, sm. errand bo,, 
Galvauder, va. to scold in lata 

Gambade, s/. a gambol; jest 
Gambader, vn. to gambol 
Gambage, sm. malt-tax 
Gambiller, vn. to play with one't 

Garuelle, sf. a wooden bowl 
Ganime, the gamut 
Chanter la gamme, to rcpri 

mand; to rattle 
Charger de gamme. to altet 

one's conduct 
Ganachc, sf. thick-skulled fel 
low; nether jaw of a korsct 
an old wig 
Gangrene, sf. gangrene 
Se gangrtner, vr. to gangrene 
Ganse, sf. a loop 
Gant, sm. a ^Zoce.— L'amiti6 
passe le gant, true friendship 
is not certmonious 
Gantelee, sf fox-gloves 
Ganteli-t, sm. a gauntlet 
Ganter, va. to * put on gloves 
Ganterie, sf. glove-trade 
Gantier, e. s. a glover 
Garance, sf. madder 
Garancer, va^ dye withmaddcT' 
Garant, sm. iWa-ranter; voucher; 

guarantee; author 
Garantie, sf. warranty 
Garantir, va. to warrant; prO' 

Garcon, sm. a boy, a bachelor^ « 

Garconnet, a little boy 
Garrouniere, sf. a romp, rig 





Garde, guard, keeping nurse, 
watch, waiting, protection, 
Gaide (d'6pee,) hilt 
Garde, sm. a keeper, warder 
Gaide-bois, a forest-keeper 
Garde-boutique, unfashionable 

wares, shop-keeper 
Garde du corps, life-guard 
Garde-cendres, a fender 
Garde-chasse, a game-keeper 
Garde-cote, a cruiser 
Garde -feu, iron bars before a 

fire; fender 
Garde-fou, rails along bridges, 

quays, ire. 
Garde- inagasin, a store-keeper 
Garde-maiiger, larder, buttery, 

Garde-nieuble, a ward-robe, yeo- 
man of ditto 
Garde-note, a notary 
Garde-uoble, sf. guardianship 

of a nobleman''s children 
Gardes d'uue seirure, sf. pi. 

wards of a lock 
Garder, v. to * keep, * lake heed 

(uii maiade.) to nurse 

Se garder de, to * keep from do- 

ng any thing amiss 

Garderobe, sf. wardrobe; closet; 

Garde-role, sm. the master of 

the rolls 
Garde-vaisselle, a gentleman of 

the ewry 
Gardeur, se. s. a herd-keeper 
Gardieii, ne. s. a guardian, a 

Gardon, sm. roach, a fish 
Gare, int. make way, take care 
Gareruie, sf. a warren 
Garennier, sin. a warrener 
Garer, se garer, to * take care, 

to protect one's self 
Se gargariser, vr. to gargle 
Gargarisme, sm. — rism; gar- 
Gargotage, shabby meal 
Gargote, sf. paltry eating-house 
Gargoter, vn. to haunt hedge 

ale-houses; to * eat and drink 

Gargotier, e.s. paltry victualler 
Gargouille, sf. a gutter-spout 

Gargouill^e, spouting 
Gargouillement, sm. a grum- 
bling in the bowels 
Gargouiller, vn- to dabble, pad- 
Gargouillis, sm. noise of a wa- 
Gargousse, sf. a cartouch, a car- 
tridge • 
Gargoussiere, a pouch for car- 
Garnein^'.nt, sm. a profligate 
Ganiiraent, apparatus 
Gariiir, va. to furnish, trim, 

store, adorn, garnish, * bind 
Se garnir, vr. to seize 
Ga.i:mson,sf.garrison, people put 

in a house on an execution 
Garnisseur, sm. haberdasher 
Garniture, sf. furniture, gar- 
nishment, set 
Garou (loup,) sm. were-wolf 
Garrot, withers; packing-stick; 

Ganotter, va. to * bind with 

Gars, sm. a lad, boy, stripling 
Gascon, ne. a boaster, cracktr 
Gasconnade, sf. gasconade, bra- 
Gasconner, vn. to boast 
Gasconisme, sm. gasconism 
Gaspillage, spoiling, wasting 
Gaspiller, va. to lavish, to waste, 

to * spoil 
Gaspilleur, se. s. spendthrift 
Gastrique, a. s- gastric 
Gastriloque, sm. ventriloquist 
Gastrolatre, a glutton 
Gastromanie, sf. daintiness 

Gastronomie, my 

Gateau, sm. a cake 

de micl, honeycomb 

Gate-metier, a spoil trade; one 
who works, or sells at under 
Gater, va. to * spoil, loaste, soil, 

mar, corrupt 
Se gater, to taint, to be .tpoiled 
Gateur, se. s. spoiler, corrupter 
Gauche, 2. a. left; awkward 
Gauchemenl, ad. awkwardly 
Gaucherj e. a. s. left-handed 
Gauchene, sf. awkwardness 
Gauchlr, vn. * shrink back, shift 

Gauchissement, sm. shrinking 

Gaude, sf. woad 
Gauder, va. to dye with woad 
Se gaudir, vr. to * be merry 
Gaalfre, sf. a honeycomb; past- 
ry; wafer 
Gauffrer des 6toflfes, to figure 

GautFreur, sm. one who figures 

Gautt'rier, wafer-iron 
Gaufl'rure, sf. figuring 
Gaule, a switch, pole 
Gauler, vn. to * beat down with 

a pole 
Gaulis, sm. long sprig 
Gavotte, sf. gavot (a dance) 
Gaupe, a slut, trollop 
Se gausser, vr. to jeer, banter 
Gausserie, sf. jeering, jest 
Gausseur, se. s. a jeerer 
Gaz, sm. clastic fluid 
Gaze, sf. gauze 
Gazelle, an antelope 
Gazer, va. to cover with gauze 
Gazer une expression, to veil an 

indecent word 
Gazetier, sm gazetteer; hawker 
Gazetin, a little gazette 
Gazette, sf. a newspaper; blab 
Gazier, sm. a gauze-maker 
Gazon, green turf [turf 

Gazonnenient, covering with 
GazonTier, va. to line with turf 
Gazouillcnieut, sm. warbling, 

Gazouiller, vn. to warble; purl, 

Geai, sm. a jay, jack-daw 
Geant, e. giant, giantess 
Gehenne, sf. hell, torment 
Geindre, vn. to whine 
Gelatineu.x, se. a. jelly-like 
Gelee, .s/. frost, jdly 

blanche, hoar frost 

Geler, vr. to * freeze 

Geline, sf. a hen 

Gelinotte, a fine tit; pullet; 

wood-hen, water-quail 
G&Wvure, freezing of trees 
G6meaux, sm. pi. the sign Ge- 
Geinir, vn. to groan, to coo 
Gemissement, sm. groaning 





Gf nant, e. a troublesome; un- 

Geiicive, sf. the gum 

Geiidariije, sm. life-guard; a 
termagant; spark of fire 

Se gendarmcr, vr. to blimter 

Geudanneiie, sf. horse of the 

Gendre, sm. son-in-law 

G^ne, sf. rack, pain, constraint 

Geuealoeie, genealogy, pedigree 

Gen6alot;i({ue, -2. a. gemalngical 

Gern'alojriste, sm. — — gist 

G6ner, va. to clog, constrain, 
cramp, straiten 

G6n6ral, sm. a general, chief 

, c. a. gene^ral 

Gen6ia\at,~'g cjieralship 

G6n6rale, sf. the general (a beat 
of drum) 

Generalonient, ad. —rally; uni- 
versally, commonly 

GeneralisLT, v. to * make gene- 

G6n6raliBsirae, sm. a generalis- 

Gen6ralite, .~f. — ty, precinct 

Generalitos, sf. pi. general dis- 

Generateiir, sm. generating 

G6neratif, ve. a. —tivc 

Generation, sf. —tion; prcgein;, 
propagation, descent 

Gentreusenicnt, ad. generously 

G6nereiix, se. a. gmcrous 

G6nerique, 2. a. — rical 

G6norosit6, sf. generosity 

Gentso, Genesis 

Genet, sm. broom, genet 

Genet, a Spariish horse; a little 

Genette, sf. a wild cat 

Gen6vrier, sm. ajun'pcr-tree 

Gonie, genius, talent, temper 

G6nievre, a juniper-berry ; ge- 
neva, or srin 

G6ni?se, sf. a heifer 

Genital, e. a. genital, genera- 

Genitif, sm. genitive case 

Genitoires, sm. pi- genitals 

Geniture, sf. offspring 

Genou, sm. knee 

Genouillere, sf. the top of a 

Genre, sm. kind, style, gender 

Gens, sf. pi. folks ; people; ser- 

X. B. This word is f. when pre- 
ceded by an adj.; and m. when 
the adj. follows 

Gens d'egiise, churchmen 

— de guerre, military men 

— de condition, gentlefolks 
Gent, sf. nation, tribe, people 
Gent. e. c. neat, spruce 
Gentii, sm. a. heathen, pagan 

, le. a. genteel, pretty 

Gentjlhomriie, sm. a gentleman; 

Gentiliiommerie, sf. gentleman" s 

seat; gentility 
Gentilhoniniiere, neat country 

Gentiiite, the heathens, heathen- 
Gentillatre, sm. petty country- 
Getn\\\esse,sf. genteeln ess; pret- 
ty saying, pretty trick; toy 
Gentimt"nt, ad. pr,ttily, neatly 
G6nuflexion. 5/. kneeling 
Geocenlriqiic, -2. a. —trie 
Geode, sf. an eagU-stone, (kind 

of pthble) 
Geographe, sm. —pher 
Geograpliie, sf. —phy 
Geographique, -2. a. —phical 
Geolaee, srn. pri'sonfees 
Geole, sf. a gaol, prison 
Geolier, sm. a gaoler 
Gcolicre, sf. a gaoler's wife 
Gcomancie, geomancy 
Gtiomancien, sm. gcomancer 

, ne. a. gcoinantic 

Geometral, e. a. geometrical 
Geonirtre, sm. a geometer 

Gfonietrie, sf. try 

Geoni6trique, 2. a. — trical 
G6om6lriqnement, ad. — cally 
G6oT2iqurs, .«/. /'/. Georgics 
Geranium,^*;;/, stork-bill; crane's 

hill or geraniuin 
VTprhe, sf. a sheaf 
Gorhee, bundle of straw 
Gcrbt-r, va. to * make up in 

Gerce, sf. bookworm 
Gercer, v. to chop, * crack 
Gerciire, sf. chop, cleft, flaw 

G6rer, va. to manage 
Gerfaut, sm. gerfalcon 
Germain, aine. a. —cousin ger 
main, cousine germaine, first 
Germe, sm. bud, shoot, sperm 
Germer, vn.* shoot, bud,* sprinff 

Germination, sf. — tion 
Germ u re, budding 
Gerondif, sm. a gerund 
G6sier, a gizzard 
G^sine, .«/. lyin^ in 
Gesir, vn. to * lie 
Gesse, sf. vetch 

Geste, sm. gesture, action, gesti 
— de tele, a nod 
Gesticulateur, a man full of ac 

tion in speaking 
Gesticulation, sf. —tion 
Gesticuler, vn. to use much action 

in talking 
Gestion, sf. —tion 
Gibbeux, s-e. a. gibbous 
Gibbosity, .</'. gibbosity 
Gibeciere, pouch, bag, scrip 
Gibelet, sm. a gimlet 
Gibt-lotte, sf. a fricassee of chick- 
Gibernc, a cartonch-box 
Gibet, sm.a gibbet, gallows 
Gibi<T, game 
Giboul6e, sf. a shower 
Giboyer, va. to fowl, haick 
Giboyeur, sm. afuwlrr 
GIga'ntesque, 2. a gigantic 
Gigot, sm. leg of mutton 
Gigote, e. a.''irell limbed 
Gigotter, vn. to * kick about. 
Gigue, sf. a Jig; a tall frisky 

Giguer, vn. to jig about 
Gile, .■!/■. large fishing-net 
Gilet, sm. under-waislcoat 
Gimbleite, sf. cake, ginger-bread 

Gingcmbre, sm. ginger 
Gingembricr, ginger- seller, gro- 

Ginguet, tart wine 
Ginguet, te. n. poor, sorry, small 
Girandole, sf. a chandelier, a 

cluster of diamonds 
Girofle, sm. cloves 
Girofl^e, sf. stock gillyflower 





'Jiroflier, sm. a clove-tree 
l«iron, lap, pale, giron 
Uirouelte, sf. weather-cock; flag, 
vane. — Tete de giiouette, gid- 
dy fellow 
Gisoment, sm. bearing (a sea- 

Gi-git, here * lies, <S-c. 
Gite, sm. hare\s form; ichere one 
liet at night on a journey; 
Giter, vn. to * lie 
Givre, sm. rime, hoarfrost 
Glabre, 2. a. bare, smooth 
Glace, sf. ice, glass, flaw 
Gunts glaces, sm. pi. glazed 

Glacer, va. to * freeze, to chill 
Glacial, e. a. frozen, sharp 
Glaciere, sf an ice-house 
Glacis, sm.. a sloping bank 
Glacon, a piece or jlakc of tee 
Ghidiateur, a gladiator; prize- 
Glaire, .«/. slimy matter; glair; 

white of an igg 
Glairer, va. to glair, to smear 

with the white of an egg 
GLiireux, se. a. slimy, ropy 
Glaise, sf. potter" s earth, clay 
Glaiser, va. to * do over tcithpot- 
- ter's earth or clay 
Glaiseux, se. a. clayey 
(^laisiere, sf. clay-pit 
Glaive, sm. a sword, glaive 
Glanage, gleaning, picking 
Gland, acorff, mast, hand-string, 

Glande, sf. a gland, kernel 

au con, mumps, tonsils 

G!and(''o,a. that has the glanders 
Glaiid6e, .sf. forest-mast 
Glandule, small gland, or kernel 
Glanduleux, se. a. glandulous 
Glane, sf. gleaning 

d'oignons, a rope of onions 

de jioires, cluster of pears 

Glanor, va. to glean, to lease 
Glaneiir, se. s. gleaner 
Glanure, sf. gleaning 
Glapir, vn. to yelp, to squeak 
GIapissant,e. a. squeaking, shrill 
Glai>issenf\ent, sm. yelping ; 

Glas, sm. tolling of a bell, knell 

GlayeuJ, corn flag 
Glebe, sf. glebe, land, ore 
Glissade, slip, slipping, sliding 
Glissant, e. a. slippery 
Glisser, vn. to^slip, slide; glance 
Se glisser, vr. to * slip, * creep 

Glisseur, sm. a slider 
Glissoire, sf. a slide 
Globe, sm. a globe, the world 
Globeux, se. a. round, spherical 
Globule, sm. a globule 
Glohuleux, se. a. globidous; glo- 
Gloiie, sf. glory, pride, honotir 
Glorieusenient, ad. gloriously 
Glorieux, se. a. glorious; osten- 
Glorieux, se. s. a proud man or 

Glorification, sf. —iion 
Glorilier, va. to glorify 
Se glorifier, vr. to glory in 
Gloriole, sf. wretched vanity 
Glosateur, Glossateur, sm.aglos- 

sographer, scholiast 
Glose, sf. gloss, comment 
Gloser, vn. to comment, censure 
Gloseur, sm. censurcr, carper 
Glossaire, a glossary 
Glossographe, —pher 
Glossopetres, sm. pi. petrified 

Glbtte, sf. glottis 
Glougiou, sm. gulling of liquor 

out of a bottle 
Glougloutcr, vn. to cry as a tur- 
Gloussenient, sm. clucking 
Glousser, vn. to cluck 
Glouteron, sm. a bur 
Glouton, e. a. gluttonous, greedy 

, e. s. glutton, greedy-gut 

, .sm. sort of badger 

Gloutonnement, ad. greedily 
Gloutonnfiie, sf gluttony 
Glu, bird-lime 

Gluatit,C. a. viscid; gluey; clam- 
Gluant, sm. a lime-twig 
Gluer, va. te make clammy 
Glui, sm. thatch 
Glutineux, se. a. glutinous, vis- 
cid, clammy, gluish 
Gnome, sm. gnome 

Gnoniide, sf. female of a gnomt^ 

(both mere ideal beings) 
Gnomique, 2. a. sententious 
Gnomon, sm. style, index 
Gnomonique, sf. dialling 
Go (lout de go, )icithovt ceremony 
Gobbe, sf. poisoned food 
Gobelet,sm.goblet,cvp, juggler" s 

box, the king^s buttery 
Gobelins, m. pi. a famous car 

pet manvfattory in Paris 
Gobelotter, vn. to guzzle 
Gober, va. to gulp down, to nab 

to swallow down 
Se goberger, vr. to banter, Ut 

* make much of one"s self 
Goberges, sf. pi. boarded bottom 

of a bedstead 
Gobet, sm. a snap, a hasty meal 
Gobeter, va. to plaster the joints 

of a wall 
Gobin, sm. a hunch-back 
Goblin, a goblin 
Godaillc, sf. paltrii wine 
Godailler, vn. to guzzle; tipple 
Godelureau, sm. a fop, a beau 
Godenot, a juggler" s puppet 
Godet, a little cup, or mug 
Godiveau, sort of pie 
Godron, a puffy plait in linen 
Godronner, va. to plait linen 
Gofle, 2. a. ill-shaped, awkward 
Gogaille, sf. merry-making 
Gogo — vivre d gogo, to live in 

Goguenard, e. a. s. jocose; plea 

Goguenarder, vn. to juke; droU 
Goguctlcs, 5/. pi. merry stories 
— clianter gouguettes, to call 

one names 
Goinfre, sm. a toss-pot 
Goinfrer, vn. to guttle andgttizlc 
Goinfrerie, sf. guttling and g^t- 

Goitre, sm. hernia guttuns, 

Goitreux, se. a. throat-burstcn 
Golfe, sm. a gulf 
Gomme, .s/. gum 
Gonimer, va. to gum 
GommeuX; se. a. gummy; gum- 
Gnnimier, sm. gum-tree 
Gond, hinge 





Gmiclale, sf. gondola, cup 
Goiidolier, sm. goit'lolicr 
Gunfaloaier, a holy standard- 
Gonfleinent, swdlinsr, pujpno' 
Gontier, va. to swell * puff up 
Goret, sm. a little pig 
Gorge, sf. throat; breast; defile, 
neck, gorge, gule 

chaude, the hawk's feet; 

banter, insulting joy 
Gorg6e, sf. a gulp 
Gorger, vn. to gorge, to cram 
S ; — , vr. to glut one's self 
Gorgerottc, sf. woman's neck- 

handkerchief, a tucker 
Gorgerin, sm. neck-piece 
Gosier, gullet, weasand 
Gotliique, 2. a. gothic 
Gouche, sf. a painting in water- 
Goudron, sm. pitch and tar 
Goadronner, va. to tar 
Gouffre, sm. abyss, pit, gulf 
Gouge, sf. gouge, trull 
Goujat, sm. soldier's boy; black- 
guard, hodman 
Goujon, a gudgeon (a JisA and 

a pin so cilled) 
Goujonner, va. to pin (with iron 

or wooden pins) 
Goul6e, sf. a large mouthful 
Goulet, sm. o v arrow entrance of 

a harbour, hole in a bomb 
GoiiliaiVe, a. s. rrreedy-gut 
Go'ilot, 5m. neck nf a bottle, Sc. 
Goulu, o shark [gut 

Goulu,e a. s. gluttonous; greedij- 
Goulumcnt, ai. gluttonously 
Goupillc, ,e/. a watch-pin 
Goupillon, sm. a holy water 

sprinkle; a bottle-brush 
Goupillouner, va. to cleanse bot- 
tles with a brush 
Go'ir.l, e. a. numb, stiff 
Gourde, sf. a gourd 
Gourdin, sm. a cudgel 
Gourdincr, ra. to cudgel 
Gourgandine, .'■/. a trull 
Gourmado. fisty-cuff 
Gourmand, e. o. s. glutton 
Gounnander, ra. to scold, curb 
Gourmandise, sf. gluttony 
Gouruie, th^ strangles, (a disease 
in young horses) 

Gourmer, va. to curb, box 
Gourmet, sm. connoisseur in li- 
Gourmelle, sf. a curb 
Goussc, cod, husk, shell 
Gousset, sm. fob; gussii; brack- 
et, arm-pit 
Gout, taste; palate; smell; re- 
lish, style, fancy 
Gouter, ra. to taste, approve, 

relish, * eat 
Gouter, sm. beaver; collation, a 

Goutie, sf. drop, gout, jot 

gypseuse, chalk gout 

iciatique, sciatic gout 

sereine, gutta serena 

Goutte, ad. not at all [by drop 

a goutte, ad. by drops, drop 

Gouttelette, .'?/ a little drop 
Goutteux, se. a. gouty 
Un goutteux, sm. a gouty man 
Gouttiere, sf- gutter 
Gourernail, sm. rudder, helm 
Gouvernaiite, .if. go'^crness; go- 

vemante, housekeeper 
Gouvemement, sm. government, 

governor's house 
Gouvemer, va- to govern, rule, 

steer, husband, manage 
Gouverneur, sm. governor; txitor 
Grabat, a truckle bed 
Grabataire, 2. a- sickly 
Grabuge, sm. a sguahhle 
Grace," s/. favour; grace; par- 
don; thanks; agreeablcncss 
Graciable, 2. a. pardonable 
Gracieusement, ad- kindly 
Gracieuser, vn. to treat kindly 
Graciouset6, sf. kindness, gift 
Gracieux, se. a. kind, gr>iceful 
Gracilit6, sf. shrillness, slender- 

Gradation, — tion, climajr 
Grade, sm. degree 
Gradin, a step 
Graduation, sf. —tion 
Gradu6, sm. a graduate 

, e. a- graduate, gradual 

Graduel, le. gradual 
Graduellement, ad. — dually 
Graduer, ra. to confer degrees 
Graillon, sm. a remnant, scrap 
Grain, com, grain, berry kernel, 

Hrain de cor:ii\, bead of coral 

de raisin, a grope 

de petite vorole, pimple of 

the small-pox 

de nioutarde, mustard seed 

d'or, a bit of gold, as found 

in a rivir 

de folic, cnick-brained 

do grele, a hailstone 

de vent, squall of 

Graine, sf. seed, kernel 
Grai:?se, fat, grease, dripping 
Graisser, va. to grease 

la paite, to^gcin, to bribe 

Graisscu.x, se. a. greasy 
Grainen, sm. cow grass 
Graminajre, .*/. grammar 
Gianiriiairien, sm. grammarian 
Gramuiatical, e. a. —cal 
Grammaticalement, ad. —cully 
Grnmir.o,s:u. a French weight of 

nineteen gi ains 
Grand, e. a. g^eat, large 
Graiid^ sm. grandee 
(Jrandelel, le. a. pretty big 
GraMdemcnt, ad. largely 
Graiidos^se, sf. the quality of a 

srrandce of Spain 
Grandeur, tallness, largmess 
greatness, lordship, honour 
Grandir, vn. to grow tall or 6»^ 
GrandlffSime, 2. a very great 
Grand-maitre, sm lord steward, 
chief master, great master, 
head master 
Grange, sf. a bam 
Grangier, sm. a farmer 
Grangiere, sf. a farmer's wife 
Granit, sm. granite 
Granulation, sf. —tion 
GranuliT, ra. to granulate 
Grapliique, 2. a. graphic 
Graphiquement, ad. with exact- 
Graphometre, sm. — tneter 
Grappe, sf bunch, cluster 
Grappiller, rn. glean, scrape up 
Grappilleur, se. s- a grape-glean- 
Grappillon, sm. a little bunch of 

Grappin, grappling-irim, li*.tU 





Gras, se. a. fat; plump; greasy; 

Gras,8m.fat [leg 

de la janibe, the calf of the 

double, double tripe 

Gias-fondu, sm. molten grease 
Grassemcm, ad. plentifully 
Grasset, te. a. fatty, plumpish 
Gias66yeinent, sm. lispivg 
Grasseyer, vn. to * lisp 
Grasseyeur, se. s. a lispcr 
Grassouillet, te. a. plump 
Gratification, .«/. gratuity 
Graiifier, va. to* make a present 
Gratin, sm. the burnt to in a 

sauce pan 
Gratis, ad. for nothing, gratis 
Gratitude, sf. gratitude; grate- 
Giatte-cu, sm. hip (a berry) 
Gratte-papier, */«. a scribbler., a 

paltry clerk 
Gratteile, sf. rash 
GratteJ^ux,"ie. a. itchy 
Gratter, va- to scratch; scrape, 

Gratter le papier, to be a scrib- 
bling drudge 
Grattoir, sm. scraper 
Gratuit, e. a. gratuitous, volun- 
Gratuit6, 5/. mercy, favour 
Gratuitement, ad. freely 
Grave, 2. a. grave; serious; 

Grave, sm. gravity 
Grav6, (visage,) pitted face 
Gravellee, sf. tartar, lees 
Gravelleux, se. a. gravelly; 

troubled with the gravel 
Graveile, ;/. gravel 
Gravement, ad. seriously 
Graver, va. to grave, etch, im- 
Graveur, sm. engraver 
Gravier, gravel 
Gravir, vn. to clamber up 
Gravitation, sf. — lion 
Gravity, gravity; importance 
Graviter, vn. to gravitate 
Gravois, sm. gravel, rubbish 
Gravure, sf. engraving 
Gr6, sm. acc^ord, will 
Grec, Greque, a. s. Greek 
Gr6cisme, sm. Orecism 

Gredin, e. a. s. beggarly; shab- 
Grcdinerie, sf. beggarliness [by 
Greer, va. to rig (a ship) 
Greffe, sm. the rolls; a register, 

a graff 
Grcfl'er, va. to graff, or graft 
Greffier, sm. a register 
Greflbir, grafting knife 

Greguer,.</. pi. breeches 

Grele, sf. hail 

Grain de grcle, sm. hailstone 

Grele, 2. a. slim, lank, shrill 

Grele, e. a. much pitted with the 
small-pox, poor 

Gidler, va. to hail; to ruin 

Grelin, sm. small cable 

Greion, a large hailstone 

Grelot, a little bell 

Grelotier, vn. to shiver 

Grement, sm. rigging 

Grenade, sf. a pomegranate, a 

Grenadier, sm. pomegranate- 
tree, grenadier 

Grenadiere, sf. grcnado-pouch 

Grenaille, small shot 

GrenaiJler, va. to pound 

Grenaison, sf. plants forming 
into seed 

denat, sm. granate 

Grenaut, garnet, (a fish) 

G render, va. to * make rough 
like shagreen 

Gr,'nor, to pound seed, to seed 

Gr6neterie, sf. corn-trade 

Grenelier, e. s. corn-chandler; a 
huckster; comptroller of the 
king^s magazine of salt 

Grenetis, sm. ingrailid ring 

Grenier, granary, loft, garret 

a foiji, hay-loft 

a set, magazine of salt 

Grenouille, s/. a frog 

Grenouiller, vn. to tip-plc 

Grenouillere, sf. a fen 

Grenu, e. a. full of corn, grained 

Gres, sm.asort of" made brown 
stone, freestone 

Gresil, hoarfrost, rime 

Gr&Bdlement, shrivelling, wr ink- 

Gr^siller, va. to shrivel 

Gres.serie, sf. stone-ware 

Greve, strand, the gallows 

Grever, va. to oppress 

Gribiette, sf. a pork-steak or 

griskin, chittcrling in slices 
Gribouillage, sm. scrawl 
Gribouille, morose or sullen fel- 
Giibouillette, sf. scramble 
Gridelin, a. of a gray violet co' 

Grieche, 2. a. speckled 
pie-greche, a scolding wo- 
man, a shreiD 
Grief, sm. grievance, injury 
Grief, ve. a. grievous 
Grievement, ad. grievously 
Grievete, sf. grievousness 
Grifl'e, a claw, clutch 
Griffade, clawing 
Grifibn, sm. a grifp.n 
Griflbnnage, scrawling 
Griffonnenieni, rough drawings 
Griffonner, vn. to scrawl, sketch 
Griguon. sm. a crusty piece of 

Grignoter, va. to nibble 
Grigou, sm. a beggarly fellow, c 

sordid miser 
Gril, a gridiron 
Grillade, sf. broiled meat 
Grille, a grate 

Griller, va. to broil, long impa- 
tiently, grate up, parch 
Grillon, sm. a cricket 
Grimace, sf. grimace, wry faces, 

Griniacer, vn. to * make wry 

faces, grin 
Griniacier, e. s. one who makes 

wry faces; hypocrite 
Griniaud, sm. a raw schola 

ime, a vulgar boy 
Giimelin, mean boy, low game- 

Gtimehnagc, playing for a trifle, 

trifling gain 
G rinieliner, v. to play for a trifle 
Grinioirc, sm. aconjuring-book 
Grinipenient, climbing vp 
Grimper, t'7i. to climb 
Grinipereau, sm. a woodpecker 
Grinipeur, se. 5. climber 
Grincenient, sm. gnashing 
Grincer, vn. to gnash 
Gringotter, vn. to warble 

-, vffl. to hum a tune 
Griolie, sf. a black cherry 





Griottier, sm. black cherry-tree ' 
Grippe, sf. ichim 
Gripper, va. to clutch, seize 
Se gripper, vr. to * have crotch- 
ets, to shrivel 
Grippe-sou, sm. a petty agent 
Gris, e. a. gray, brown, tipsy 
Gris, sm. gray colour 
Gris de liii, gridtlin 
Grisaille, sf. daubing 
Grisailler. va. to daub 
Grisiltre, 2. a. grayish 
Griser, v. to * grow gray, fuddle 
Grisette,sf.gray gown; mean girl 
Grison, ne. a. s. gray-headed, 

spy, ass 
Grissonner, vn. to * grow gray 
Grive, sf. a thrush 
Grivel6, e. a. dappled, speckled 
GriveI6e, 5/. extortion 
Griveler, va. to extort 
Grivelerie, sf. plunder 
Griveleur, sm. extortioner 
Grivois, a jovial fellow 
Grivoise, sf. a soldier's wench, 

tobacco grater 
Grogiieraent, sm. grunting 
Grogner, vn. to grunt; growl 
Grogneur, se. s. a grumbler 
Groin, sm. snout of a hog; chops 
Grommeler, vn. to grumble 
Gronder, va. to groicl; scold 
Gionderie, sf. scolding 
Grondeur, ee. a. grumbling, 

, s. grumbler, shrew 

Gros, se. a. big, large, coarse 
Grosse viande, butcher^s meat 
Gros terns, foul weather 

— mcuble, lumber 

Gros, sm. main part, chief point, 
— , a dram [body 

— de Naples, grogram 
— , ad. much 
Groseille, sf. gooseberry 

rouge, currant 

Ctosemer, sm. a gooseberry-bush 
Grosse, sf. gross, copy of a 

Grosserie, iron ware 
C.rossesse, pregnancy 
Grosseur, bigness, swelling 
Grossier, e. a. coarse, thick, 

rough, raw,rude,gross, clown- 

Grossicrement, ad. coarsely, 

clownishly, in general 
Grossiexei^, sf. CO arseness, clown- 

ishness, rudeness 
Grossir, va. to * make bigger, 

enlarge, increase 
Grossir, vn. t« * grow bigger 
Grossoj-er, va. to engross 
Grotesque, 2. a. grotesque, odd 
Grotesquement, ad. oddly 
Grotesques, sf. pi. antics; idle 

Grotie, .<;/. grotto 
Grouillant, e. a. stirring ; 

swarming, crawling 
Grouppe, sm. group 
Groupper, va. to group 
Gruau, sm. oatmeal, water- gruel, 
ounrr crave 

Gu^rison, sf. cure, recovery 
Gueri.ssable, 2. a. curable 
Guerile, sf. sentry-box, turret 
Guerre, war, warfare 
Guerrier, c. a. martial, warlike 
Guerrier, sm. soldier 
Guerroyer, vn. to * make war 
Guenojeur, sm. a warrior 
Guel, sm. the watch 
— a pens, ambush 
Vn guet a pens, wilful murder 
GiiCtre, sf. a .'patterdash 
Guetve, e. a. who has spatter- 
dashes on 
Se guetrcr, vr. to * put on spat- 
Gui.-tter, va. to watch, wait fur 
Gueule, .«/. the mouth of a beast, 

Ji.'<h, oven, <$-c. 
Gueulee, a huge mouthful, free 

Grue, sf. a crane; a fool 
Gruerie, court of justice in eyre iGuculer, vn. to batcl 
Grugcr, va. to crunch, * grind Gueules, sf. pi. gules 
Grumeau, sm. a clod, lump |Gueusailie, sf. company of beg 

Grumeler, vn. to grunt {like a \ gars 

stag) iGueusailler, »7i. «o &fO', mump 

Se grumeler, vr. to clod I Gueusant, e. a. begging 

Grumcleux, se. a. rugged, gru- \ Gueuse, sf. a sow \if iron) 

vious j Gueuser, l'. to mump, beg 

Gruyer, sm. justice in eyre i Gueuscrie, sf. beggary, trash 

Gruyere, a sort of cheese * wiarfc' Gueux, se. a. beggarly, poor 

in Switzerland 
Gue, sm. a ford, a pass 
Gu6able, 2. a. fordable 
Guide, sf. woad 
Guilder, p. to woad, to cram 
Gu6er, va. to ford, soak, wash 
Guenillc, sf. a rag, tattir 
Guenillon, sm. a little rag 
Guenipe, sf. a slut, strumpet 
Gucnon, an ape, homely puss 
Guenuclie, a young ape 
Guenuchon, a vrry little ape. 

— line vieille guenuchon, an 

old scolding woman 
Gu^pe, a wasp 

Gnkpier, sm .a snar£,w asp' s nest 
Guerdon, sm. reward (old) 
Guerdonner, ra to rticard 
Guere, Gueres, ad. but little, 

not very, not long, but few, not 

Guerei, sm. fallow ground, field 
Gu6ridon, a .^tand [cured 

Guerir, r. to cure, * heal, to be 

Gueux, se. s. a beggar 
Gueux rcvetu, sm. upstart 
Ga'i, mislctoe 
Guicliet, wicket, shutter 
Guiclietier, a turnkey 
Guide, guide, tutor 
Guide, sf. a rein, cundurt 
Guide-one, sm. a directory 
Guider, va. to guide, * lead, 

conduct, * bring 
Guidon, stn. a guidon, cta7ida-dj 

sight of n gun 
Guigne, sf. black-heart cherry 
Guigner, v. to leer, to * have in 

one's eye [ry-trcc 

Guignier, sm. black-heart chcr- 
Guignon, ill luck (at play) 
Guil6e, sf. a shower 
Guilledin, sm. gelding, nag 
Guilledou— courir le guiUedou, 

to gad about 
Guillemets, sm. pi. inverted 

Guillemo sm. sort of plover 


Guilleret, te. a. sprightly-, gay 
Giiillocher, va. to wave 
Giiillochis, sni. waved work 
Gui!lotine,s/. beheading machine 
Giiiinauve, sf. marskmallow 
Guimbarde,a?icie7it dance; game 
at cards; sort of wagon; 
Jew's harp 
Gniinpe, nun's stomacher 
Guiinper, v. to * make a woman 

nun, to turn nan 
Guiiidft.e. a. bombastic; starch- 
G Hinder, ca. to hoist up; over- 
Se giiindtir, va. to soar up 
Giiindeiie, sf. constraint 
Guiiiee, a guinea 
Guiicois, sm. a wryncss 
Guingetie, sf. a public house out 
of town, a little country house 
Guipure, vdlum lace 
Giiirlaiido, a garland 
Guise, way, fancy, humour 
Guitare, guitar 
Guttural, e. a. guttural 
Gyniiiase, sm. college 
Gymnastique, 2 a. — tic 
Gyinnique, 2 a. gymnic 
Gymnosopiiiste, sm. — phist 
Gyn^cee,gyh'Biia; women sroom 
Gyneocracie, sf. gynceocracy 
Gypse, sm. parg: t stone 
Gypseux, se. a. of the nature of 

GyroMjancie, sf. — mancy 
Gyrovague, sm. wander ing monk 


N. B. Tlie fl's that are aspirated 
in Frencli are tlius marked (') 

HA, int. ha! oh! 
Habile, ^ owing; able, 
clever, active, qualified 
Habilemeiil, ad. skilfully 
Habilet<^, sf. ability, skill, parts 
nabilissinie, 2. a. very able 
Habiliter, va. to qualify 
Habillemeut, sm. attire; clothes 
- de tete, a headpiece 
Habiller, va. to dress; to clothe; 
palliate; to skin; * draw 


S'habiller, vr. to dress one's self, 

rig one's self out 
flabilieur, sm. a skin-dresser 
Habit, suit of clothes, garb,dress 
Habit de cliasse, sm. a frock 
— ^ de deuil, mourning clothes 
— - dechire, ragged clothes 
Habits de ceremonie, pi. forma- 

d'ordonnance, tegimentals, 

Habitable, 2. a. habitable 
Habitacle, sm. habitation; habi- 
Habitant, e. o. inhabiting 

, sm. inhabitant 

Habitation, sf. — tion, abode, co- 
lony, plantation 
Habiter, va. to inhabit, live, co- 
Habitude, sf. habit; ar.qi^aint- 

Habituel, le. a. habitual 
Habiluellement, ad. —tually 
Habituer, va. to accustom, use 
S'habituer, vr. to use one's self 
S' — en un lieu, to settle in a 

'Habler, vn. to romance 
'Habi'^rie, sf. romancing, lies 
'Hableur, se. s. romanar, liar 
'Haclie, sf. an axe, hatchet 

• d'arnies, battle-axe 

'Hachette, sf. hatch' t 
'Hacher, va. to hash, mince, hag- 
gle, hatch 
'Hachis, sm. hash, minced meat 
'Hachoir, chopping-bourd, knife, 

'Hachure, sf. hatching 
'Hagard, e. a. wild, fierce, hag- 
Hagiographe, sm. hagiographcr 
Hagiologique, 2. a. —gical 
'Haha, sm. a prospect, opening 
'Hai, int. hey! 
■Haie, sf. a hedge, lane 
' — vive, quickset hedge 
'Haillon, sm. a rag, tatter 
'Haine, sf. hatred, grudge 
' .-.. cachee, secret hatred 
'Haineux, se. a. full of hatred 
'Hair, va. to hate, abhor 
'Haire,s/ hair-cloth; poor wretch 
'Haissable, 2. a. hateful, odious 



Halage, sm. towing 
Halbran, a young witd duck 
Hale, sun-burning, drying wind 
Hale, e. a. tanned, sun-burnt 
Haleine, sf. the breath 
Haleriee, breathing 
'Halener, va, to * smell one's 

breath, to * get scent of 
Haler, vn. to tow, to hale; to 

* set a dog at one, to tan 
Se 'hfller, vr. to tan, * be suTtr 

'Haletant, e. a. out of breath, 

'Haleter, vn. to pant 
'Hallage, sm. market-duty 
'Halle, sf. a market-hall 
'Hallebarde, a halberd 
'Hallebardier, sm. halberdier 
'Hallebieda, s. a lubberly fellow j 

a tall ungainly wench 
'Hallier, sm. a thicket 
'Halo, halo, circle 
'Haloir, the place where hemp is 

'Halot, a rabbit's hole 
'Halte, sf. halt, refreshment 
'Halte la, stop, silence, no more 

of that 
'Halter, vn. to halt, * stop 
'Haniac, sm. a hammock 
'Haniadriade, sf. — driad; wood- 
'Hameau, sm. a hamlet 
Hamecon, a fish-hook 
'Hampe, sf. shaft of a weapon 
'Hanap, sm. clumsy drinking cup 
'Hanclie, sf. a hip, haunch 
'Hangar, sm. a cart-horse 
'flanicroche;.*/'. hinderance; rub; 

'Hanuelon, sm. a May-bug 
'Hanse Teutonique, sf. Hanse 

'Hansiere, sf. a halter, hawser 
'Hanter, vn. to frequent; haunt 
'Hantise, ."»/. keeping company, 

'Happe, a cramp-iron 
'Happee, seizure, distress 
'Happe-foie, sm. a sea-bird 
'Happe-chair, a catchpole 
'Happelopin, a catch-bit * 
'Happelourde, sf. false diamond, 

an empty fop 



"Happer, TO. to * snap, * catch 
'Haquenej, sf. nag; pad; staff; 

Spanish genet 
'Haquet, sni. a dray 
'Haquetier, a drayman 
'Harangue, sf. speech, oration 
'Hsu^nguer, vn. to harangue 
'Haraugjeur, sm. a speech- 
maker, a preacher 
'Haras, stud, breed of horses 
'Harasser, va. to harass, tire 
'Harceier, to tease; to vtz 
'Harde, sf. a herd of deer 
'Harder, va. to leash hounds 
'Hardes, sf. pi. clothes, goods 
'Hardi, e. a. bold, impudent 
'Hardiesse, sf. boldness, courage 
'Uardiment, ad. boldly, stoutly 
'Hareng, sm. a herring 
'Hareng-blanc, fresh herring 
'Hareng-saur, red herring 
'flarengeaison, sf. herring-sea- 
'Harengere, a fish-woman^ 

'Harengerie, herring-market 
'Har^eux,se. a. morose, peevish 
'Haricot, sm. kidney-beany hari 

'Haridelle, ?/. a jade 
Harlequin, sm. a harlequin, a 

Harlequinade, sf. buffoonery 
Harmonica, sm. a set ofmufical 

Harmonic, sf. harmony 
Harmonieusement. ad. harmo- 
Harmonieux, se. ad. — nums, me- 
Harmonique, 2. a. —nical, in 
mu^ic, geography, and mathe- 
Harmoniquement, ad. —nically 
'Haniachement, sm. harness 
'Harnacher, va. to harness 
'Hamacheur, sm. harjuss-maker 
'Haniois, armour; horse-trap- 
pings, harness, a dray 
'Haro, a hue and cry 
'Harpagon, a miser 
Se 'harpailler, vr. to scuffle 
'Harpe, sf. harp, toothing 
'Harper,t)a. to grapple, to string, 
to halt, to harp 


/'Harpie, sf. harpy, shrew 
Se 'harpigner, vr. to quarrel 

and * fight with one another 
•Harpon, sm. harpoon, grapple 
'Harponner, va. to harpoon 
'Harponneur, sm. a harpoonrr 
'Han, sf. band of a fagot; halter 
^ hazard, risk, chance, 

peril, danger 
'Hasarder, va. to risk, venture 
'Hasardeusenient, ad. hazard- 
ously, by chance 
'Hasardeux, euse. a. dangerous, 

'Hase, sf. a doc, hare, or coney 
'Hate, haste, speed, hurry 
Hatelette, sf. a small dainty bit 
'Hater, va. to hasten forward 
'Hater le pas, mend on^'s pace 
Se hater, vr. to make ha.ite 
Hatereau, sm. liver and bacon 
'Hateur, sm. overseer of the roast 

in the king's house 
'Hatier, spit-rack 
'Hatif, ve. a. forward, hold 
', sm. hasty pear 
'Hativement, ad forwardly 
•Hativet6, sf. forwardness 
'Havage, sm. hangman's fees 
'Haubans, sm. pi. shrouds 
'Haubereau, sm. a hobby, a petty 

country 'squire 
■Haubergenier, haubergeon-ma- 

'Haubergeon, haubergcon, coat 

of mail 
Haubert, large coat of mail 
— Fief de haubert, a tenure by 

knight's service 
'HAve, 2. a. pale, wan, dismal, 

'Havir, v. to scorch, as meat 
'Havre, sm. haven, harbour 
'Havresac, a knapsack 
'Hauese, sf. piece of leather to 

underlay the shoe, bindings 
'Hausse-cou, sm. a gorget 
'Haussement, raising 

' d'6paules, shrug 

'Hausser, va. to * rise, * swell 
Se 'hausser, va. to * stand a tip- 
toe, clear up [lofty 
Haut, e. a. high, tall, upper, 
Hautes cartes, sf. pi. court-card^ 
marces, spring tides 


'Hautc-taille, sf. a treble 
'Haut-bout, sm. upper end 
'Haut-mal, falling sickness 
'Haut, sm. height, top, ridge 

' , ad. high, aloud, big 

'Haut-a-bas, sm. a pedlar 
'Haiit-a-la-main, (wi. with a high 

'Hauiain, e. a. haughty, proud 
'Hnutainement, ad. proudly 
'fiaiithois, sm. hautboy 
'Haut de chausses, breeches 
•Haut-cote, breast of mutton 
'Haute-contre, sf. counter-tenor 
'Haute-futaie, lofty trees 
'riaute-li?se, tapestry 
'Haute-maree, high water 
'Haute-paye, high pay 
'Haute-tai!!e, alto, counter-tenor 
•Hauioment, ad. haughtily, open- 
ly, briskly, boldly 
'^ll-AnXiissc,sf. highness, the Grand 

Seignior's title 
'Hauteur, height, eminence, hil- 
lock, haughtiness, bcldne^s, 
pride, greatness ; full lengt\ 
'Hauteur de bataillon, depth of A 

'Haul le corps, sm. bound, fi 

'He! int. eh! ho! 

'He bien, well 

H^l ha! soho! 

'Hcaume, sm. helmet 

•Hcaurnier, armorer, or helmet 

Hebdomadaire, 2. a. weekly 

Hebdomad ier, sm. he whose leeel 
it is to be on duty 

L'eberser, va. to harbour 

Hehet6, e. a. stupid, besotted 

, e. s. a dunce 

Hel>6ier, va. to stupifii, to dull 

Hebraiqne, 2. a. Hehrrw 

Hebraisme, sm. an Hebraism 

Hebreu, a. s. Hebrew 

H^caiombe, sf. an hecatomb 

HecJre, sf. hfgira 

Heidiique, sm. an Hungarian 
foot soldier 

Helas! int. Sr sm. alas! 

H6ler, ra to hail a ship 

H6liaqup, 2. a. heliacal 

Heliastes, sm. pi. heliasteg 





Helice, 5/. a spiral line round a 

cylinder ' 

Heiiopcope, sin. —pc, prospect 

Ilelioliope, atumsol, sun-Jiower 
'Hem, int. htm! 
Hemerocale, sf. a day-lily 
H6niicycle, sm. hemicycle; semi- 
Hemine, sf. hemina, measure 
H6inis'pliere, sm. hemisphere 
Ilemispheriquc, 2. a. —cal 
H6misticlie, sm. half verse 
H6morragie, sf bloody flux 
H6moirhoida(, 0. a. —dal 
H6inorrIjoides, sf. pi piles 
'Hennir, vn. to neigh 
'Hennissenieiit, sm. neighing 
H6paiique, sf. liverwort 

, 31 a. hepatic 

Heplarchie, sf. heptarchy 
Htraldique, 2. a. heraLiry 
'Heraut, sm. a herald 
Herbac6e, 2. a. herbaceous 
Herbage, sm. herbage, greens, 

pasture ground 
Herbe, sf. grass, herb 
Herbe Robert, geranium stork- 
bill, or crane's bill 
Herber, va. to * spread on the 

Herbetle, sf. grass, tender grass 
Herbeux, se a. grassy, herbous 
Herbier,57n. herbal 
Herbiere, sf. herbwoman 
Herboriser, vn. to * go a simp 

Herboriste, sm. an herbalist, 

who sells simples, a botanist 
Herbu, e. a. grassy, herbifcrous 
'iHere, sm. a poor wntch 
H6r6ditaire, 2 a. hereditary 
Her6ditairement, ad. by inheri- 
B(^r<^dit6, sf. heirship, heritage 
H^resiarque, sm. heresiarch 
Ileresie, sf. heresy 
II(irelj(|ue, 2. a. s. heretical, a 

Herissfe, e. a. bristling, thick set 
'Hcrisser, vn. to * stand on end 
Sf 'lierisser, it. to stare 
'H6risson, */«. hedge-hog; drain- 
Heritage, inheritance, estate 

H6riter, vn. to inherit 

Heritier, e. s. heir, heiress 

pr^somptif, heir apparent 

Hermaphrodite, sm. — dite; one 
of both sexea 

Hermetique, (science,) sf. alchy- 

H6nii6tiquemenl, ad. — tically 

Hermine, sf. ermine 

Hermin6, e. a. ermined (m he- 

Hermitage, sm. hermitage 

Hennite, hermit, anchoret 

Herniaire, 2. a. hernious 

on Herniole, sf. rupturo- 


'Hernie, sf -^upture, hernia 

'Hemieux, -c. a. bursten 

H6roi-comique, 2. a. heroi-comi- 

H6roide, sf. heroid 

Heroine, a heroine 

H6roique, 2. a. heroic 

, sm. lofty style 

Heroiquement, ad. heroically 

H^wisme, sm, heroism 

'Heron, a hern 

H6ronneau, young hem 

Heronniere, sf. hernsmew 

'Heros, sm. a hero 

'Hersage, harrowing 

^Hcxse, sf.a harrow, a portcullis, 

'Herser, va. to harrow 

'Herseur, sm. harrower 

Hesitation, sf. — tion 

H6siter, vn. to hesitate, waver, 

Heteroclite, 2. a. irregular, 

H(ilerodoxe, 2. a. —dox 

Hetcrodoxie, 5/. opposition 

Heterogene, 2. a. —geneous 

Hct6rog6n6Jt6,6/. —ty 

H6t6rosciens, heteroscians 

'Hetre, .sm. beech-tree 

Hon ! int. good lack ! 

Heur, sm. luck, fortune 

fleure, sf. hour, time 

Fleures, pi. primer, prayerbook 

Hcureusement, ad. happily, luck- 
ily, fortunately, safe 

Hemeux, se. a. happy, hicky, 

'Heurt, sm. hit, mishap 

'Heurler, w. * Alt; knock; butt; 

offend; clash 
'Heurtoir, sm, knocker 
Hexjigone, — goji, six angles 

— 2. a. — gonal 
Hexametre, a. s- — ter; six feet 
Hiatus, sm. gap, intergaping 
'Hibou, an owl, cross fellow 
'Hie, sm. the knot, principal dif 

'Hideusement, ad. hideously 
'Hideux, se. hideous, ghastly 
'Hie, sf. paviour's club 
Hier, ad. yesterday 

— au soir, yestemisht 
'Hi6raicliie, sf. —cly 
'Hierarchique, 2 a. — chical 
'Hierarcliiquenient, ad, —cally 
Hi6roglyphe, sm. —glyphic 
Hieroglypliique, 2. a. —cal 
Hi6roglyphiquement, ad. hiero- 

Uilame,sf. hilarity, cheerfulness 
Hippiatriquc, the art of curing 

the diseases of animals 
Hippodrome, sni, a place for 

Hippoglosse, horse's tongue, 

Hippogriffe, a feigned monster, 

half horse and half griffin 
Hippopotame, a sea-horse 
Hirondelle, sf. aswalloio 
Hispanisjne, sm. Spanish idiom 
'Hisser, va. to hoist 
Histiodromie, sf. histiodromia or 

Histoire, history, story 
Historia], e. a. historical 
Histoiien, e. s. an historian 
Histoiier, va. to embillish 
Historiette, .s/. a novel, story 
Histoiiographe, S7«. —pher 
Historiqne, 2. a. historical 
Hi.slori(iuen)ent, ad. — cally 
Histrion, sm. a buffoon, stroller 
Hlver, winter, old age 
Hivernage, winter-rest 
Hivernal, e. a wiuterly; brumal 
Hiverner, vn. to winter 
S"lVi\erver,vr, to inure one's sdf 

to cold 
Ho: ivt. ho! 
Hobereau, sm. a hobby, country 




•Hoc cela vous est * can- 
not avoid it, you*are sure of it 
'Hoche, sf. a notch 
'Hocheinent, sm.jogg^ing; wag- 
'Hochepot, hotch-potch 
'Hoche-queue, a wag-tail 
'Hocher, va. to jog, * shake; wag 
'Hocliet, sm. a child's coral 
Hoif, an heir 

— de quenouille, heiress 
Hoirie, sf. inheritance 

'Hoia ! ad. hold! peace! ho there! 

'Hollander, va. to cleanse quills, 
to dutch the in 

Holocausle, sm. a bumt-offering 

no!o2raphe, 2. a. all written 
with the testator'' s own hand 

'Hoiuard, sm. a lobster 

'ilouibre, ombre {game at cards) 

Uomelie, sf. homily 

Homicide, sm. homicide; imir- 
der; murderer 

Homicide involoiitaire, man- 

Homicide, 2. a. murdering 

Honimage, sm. homage, duty 

Honima4?er, homager 

Hommasse, 2. a. manly; strong- 

Homme, sm. a man 

— fait, a grown man 
— de robe, a lawyrr 
Hotnogene, 2. a. homogeneous 
Honiogeneite, sf. homogcneous- 


Homologation, allowance, con- 
firmation {law te^m) 

Homologue, 2. a. Iiomologous 

Homologuer, va. to allow; con- 

Homonyme, 2. a. homonymous 

•Horn I int. hum ' 

'Hongre, a. sm. gelding 

'Hongreline, sf. sort of ancient 

'Hongrer, va. to geld (a horse) 

'Hongrie, sf. Humrary 

Honn^te, 2. iL honest; virtuous; 
ciril; creditable; decent; gen- 
teel, obliging; kind 

Honnfete, sm. honest 

Un honneie liomme, an honest 
man; un homme honnutc, a 
civil mar* 


Honueteniont, ad. honestly; de- 
cently; pretty well; kindly 
Honnetete, .«/. civility, virtue, 

honesty, modesty 
Honneur, sm. honour, modesty, 

credit, respect 
Honneurs, regalia, honours 
— funebres, funeral solemnities 
'Honi soit qui mal y pensc, evil 
to him that evil thinks, (motto) 
Honorable, 2. a. honourable, 

splendid, noble 
Honcrablement, ad. honourably 
Honoraire, 2. a. honorary, titu- 
— , sm.fee 

Honorer, va. to hono r respect 
Honorifique, 2. a. titular 
'Honte, sf. shame; modesty 
'Honteusement, ad. shamefully 
'Honieux, se. a. shameful, bash- 

Hopital, sm. hospital 
'Hoqufcl, t/ie hiccough 
'Hoqueton, a coat, Serjeant 
Horaire, 2. a. hornri/ 
'Horde, sf. horde, clan 
Horion, sm. agreat blow, a bum- 
per, helmet, the rut 
Horizon, horizon 
Horizontal, e. o. —tal 
Horizontalement, ud. —tally 
Horloge, 5/. a clock 
Horloger, sm. a clock-maker, 

Horloge re, sf. a clock-maker's or 

wntch-makt^r's wife 
HotlogGri.^, clock-making 
llormi.s, pr. except, but 
Horograpbie, sf. horography 
Horosccps, am. casting one' s na- 
Horoscoper, vn. to * cast one's 

Horreur, sf. horror, shuddering 

fright; dread; antipathy 
Horrenrs, pi. shocking things 
Horrible, 2. o. horrible; horrid, 

jufandous, nefarious 
HorriDlement, ad. — bly, extreme- 
Hors, pr. out, except 
Hors de doute, without question 
Hots de rai?on, uvr'^asonable 
Hors d'lieurc, unseasonabie 

blaiM I 
iar I 


'Horsde hldme, free from blam4 

— d'oeuvie, without the clear 

— d'ceuyre, sm. outwork; 
gression; by dish 

Hortulage. sm. pot-herbs 
Hospice, a sort of hospital fot 

Hospitaller, e. a. hospitable 

, e. s. hospitalier 

Hospitalite, sf. hospitality 
Hostie, victim, host, waf 
Hostile, 2. a. hostile 
Hostilement, ad. in a hostilf 

Hostility, sf. —lity 
Hole, 57;». host; gutst; la.Mord 
Hotel, lodge; house: hotel 

— Dieu, hospital {tu France) 

— de la moiinoie, the mint 

— de ville, guildhall, towit-house 

— de Mars, hospital for invalids 

— de la conipagiiie des Indes, 
East or / India house 

Hotelier, e. s. inkceper, host 
Hotellerie, sf. an inn 
Hotesse, hostess, landlady 
'Hotie, a dosser, scuttle 
Hot'ee, a dosser-full 
'Hotter, vn. to carry the dosser 
'Hoiteur, se. s. who carries tht 

'Houage, 'bou<u;he, sm. a ship's 

furrow or wake 
'Houblon, hops 
'Houblonner, va. to hop 
'Houblonniere, sf hop-ground 
'Ho\ie, hoe; spade; dibble 
'Holier, vu to hoe; ' dig 
Houille, sf. ptt-eoal; spade; hae 
'Houle, billow, skillet 
'Houlette, a crook: dibble; hoe^ltk 
'Houleux, se. a ('illouy V* 

'Houppe, sf a tuft, a kvol<,apu^ 
'Houppelande, a li-.'ing-coat 
'Houp(>er, va. to tuft 

— do la laine, to comb wool 
'Houppier, sm. wool rooibcr 
Hoiirailler, va. to hunt with bad 

dogs [work 

'Honidagc, sm. rmigh masonry 
'Honrd'-r, va to romrti ♦ work 
'Hoiirei, ,«/. a bud hound 
Hoiiri, .«/. najne of women which 

the Turks hojie to inect in Pa' 



Ilourque, sni. great hoy, hulk 

'llourvari, a rt'/'faf uproar; stor- 
1111/ wind ill the IVest ladies ; 
tke return of the hounds when 
they haue lost the scent 

'House e. a. dirty 

'Huuseaux, sm. pi. coarse spat- 

'Houspiller, va. to pull and haul; 
to hug 

'Houssage, sm. enclosure of a 
windmill, sweeping 

Hoiissaie, sf. holly-uak grove 

'tloussaid, sni. a hussar 

'Ilouoso, sf. a horse-cloth ; a case 
for a chair 

'Ilousser, va. to * sweep; dust 

'Housseur, se. s. sioeeper 

'liousaina, sf. a switch 

'Houssiner, va. to beat 

'Ilou.ssoir,S7«. hair-broom; whisk 
Iloux, hully-oak, holm 

Hoyau, a mattock 

'Hiiche. sf. a hatci't; bin; trough; 
mill-hopper; viealtub 

'Hiiclier, va. to hallo after one 

'Hucliut, sm. posfboy^s or hunts- 
man\^ horn 

Hue, hue hoi int. gec-ho! 

'Hu6e, sf. hooting, halloo 

'Huer, va. to hoot at 

'Hiiijueaot, e. s. —not 

'iJuguenote, sf. a pipkin 

'ffuguenotisiiio, sm. —tism 

Iluile, sf. oil 

— (lecoteret, a stick 

Huiler, va. to oil 

Huileux, se. a. oily 

Huiler, sm. an oil-man ; cruet 

Huis, a door 

Huisserie, sf. door-case 

Hqissier, sm. door-kicpcr ; tip- 
staff; bailiff ; verger 

'Hull, 2 a. eight 

'Huilain. sm. stanza of eight ver- 

'Huitainc, sf. eight days 

'Huitieme, 2. a. sm. eighth; the 
eighth day 

'Huitiemeinent, ad. eighthly 

Huitre, sf. an oyster 

'Huilotte, an owlet 

Huniain, e. a. human, humane, 

iiuinains, sm- pi. mortals, men 


Huniainement, ad. humanly, hu- 
Humaniser, va. to humanize; * 

make tractable 
S' — , vr. to * grow gentle 
Humaiiiste, sm. — uist, gramma- 
rian, philosopher 
fluinanii6, sm. human nature, 
kamanity, kindness, mildness 
Huiuanite, , learn- 
Humble, 2. a. humble; lowly 
Hainbleinent, ad. humbly 
Huniectant, e. a. moistening 
Huinectation, sf. —tion 
Huuiecter, va. to moisten 
'Huiuer, to * sup up, suck in 
Humour, s/. humour; moisture; 

Humide, 2. a. damp, moist 
Humide, sm. moisture 
Huinidement, ad. damp place 
Humidity, sf. —dity. dampness 
Humiliant, e. a. mortifying 
Humiliation, sf. — tion; mortifi- 
Humilier, va. to humble; to mor- 
S'lminilier, vr. to humble one's 

Huinilit6, sf. humility 
Humoral, e. a. humoral 
Humoiiste, 2. a. m. — rist 
'fluue, sf. scuttle of a mast 
'Huiiier, s»/i. top-mast, lop-sail 
'Huppn, sf.puet; lapwin<r; tuft 
'Hu|)|)e, e. a. tufted; topping; 

cunning; rich 
'Hure, sf. wild boar's head; j oil 
'■\\nr\j.Ai'., a great howl 
'Hurlcment, sm. a howling 
'Hurler, va. to howl, roar 
Hurlubrelu, ad. abruptly 
Uii hurlubrelu, sm. hair-brained 

'Hutte, sf. a hut 
Se 'hutter, vr. to lodge in a hut 
Hyacinthe, sf. —cinth ; purple 

Hyades, sf. pi. hyades 
Hydrauli(iuo,2. a. sf. —lies; wa- 
Hydre, sf. hydra, adder 
Hydrographe, sm. —pher 
Hydrographie, sf. —phy 



Hydrographique, 2. a.—phicai 
Hydromaucie, sf. — cy 
Hydromei, sm. mead 
Hydrnoliobie, sf. hydrophobia. 
Hydropique, 2. a. s. —pic 
Hydropisie, sf. dropsy 
Hydropote, s. water-drinker 
Hydrostalique, sf. — tics 
Hygiene, diet, regimen 
Hygromeire, sm. —meter 
Hymen, Hymenee, Hymen, wed- 
Fymne, sm. S,- f. a hymn 
Hyperbole, sf. — bole; fib 
Hyperbo'ique, 2, a. —licul 
Hyperboliquement, ad. —cally 
Hyperboree, a. f. —borean 
Hypercritique, a. sm. —tic 
Hypocondre, Hypocondriaque, 

2. a. — driac, hippish 
Hypocras, sm. hypocras 
Hypocrisie, .sf. —sy 
Hypocrite, 2. a- s. — tical; hypo- 
crite ; dissembler 
Hypostase, sf .personality; sedi- 
Hypostati(iue, 2. a. hyposlatical 
Hypo3tati(piemenl, ad. —tically 
Hypothenuse, sf. hypothcnuse 
[lypothecaire, 2. a.—cary 
Hypothecairement, ad. by an 

action of mortgage 
llypotheque, sf. mortgage ; 

HypotliL'(iuer, va. to mortgage 
Hypothose, sf. —thesis 
Hypollietique, 2. a. —tical 
Hypollieliquemenl, ad. — tically 
Hypotypose, .sf. —posis 
Hysope, hyssop 
Hysterique, 2. a. hysterical 
Acces liysterique, hysterics ; fits 


N. B. See wit/i the J whatyoudo 
not find with 1. 

Ism. droit r.omme un i, as 
^ straight as an arrow 
fambe, a. s. iambic 
Ibis, a kit/id of stork 
Icelui, icelle, pr. he, him kis, 
she, her, it 





Iciineiimon, $m. —tnon, a rat cf 

lei, ad. kere, hither 
Ici pres, hnrd by 
Ici bas, here below; ui this 

Icoiiociaste, sm.. —clast 
Iconograpliie, sf. —graphij 
Ideal, e. a. ideal [conceit 

Idee, sf. idea; notion; hint; 
Identifier, v. a. to identify 
Ideutiqiie, 2. a. indent ic ; the 

Identiqueinent, ad. identically 
Identit6, sf. identity., s imeness 
Ides, sf. pi. ides 
Idiorae, sm. dialect, idiom 
Idiot, e. a. s. silly, idiot, ninny 
Idiotisme, sm. idintism 
Idoliitre, 2. a. s. idolatrous, ido- 
later, excessively fond of • 
Idolatrer, va. to worship idcls, 

Idolatrie, sf. idolatnj 
Idole, an idol ; statv^^post 
Idjile, idyl {short poem) 
If, sm. yeiD, yric-tree 
Ignare, 2. a. lUitcnite 
Ignee, 2. a. fiery, igneous 
Ignicole, 5. an adorer of fire 
Ignition, sf. ignition 
Ignoble, 2. o. ignoble, base 
Igiioblement, ail. ignobly 
Ignoniinie, sf. igiwminy, infamy 
Ignominieusenient, ad. —iiiously 
Ignominieux. se, a. ignominious 
IgnorammeMt, ad. ignoranily 
Ignorance, sf. ignorance 
Ignorant, e. a s. ignorant 
Ignoranlisaiaie, 2. a. most igno- 
Ignorer, ra not to * know 
II, pro. he, it 
He, sf. an isl :nd, i.-l- 
[!es, 57/1. pi- ilia boicils 
Iliaque, 2. a. dine 
Iile?al e. a. ill g-l 
Illesralit^, sf. —lify 
Illegitinie, 2 a. ill gal ; iU giti- 

Illogitinjement, ad. illrgaliy 
Ill^sitiniit^ , sf. —tiuiacy 
lllicite, 2. a unl iicful 
Illicitement, nd unlawfully 
lliimit^, e. Ulimited 

IlliLminatif, ve. a. — noted 
Illuniination, sf. — tion 
Illumine, e. a. lightsome, clear 
[Iluminer, va. to illuminate 
Illusion, sf. illusion, fallacy 
DIusoirc, 2. a. illusive, prestigi- 
ous; deceitful 
[llusoirement, ad. deceitfully 
Illustration, .«/. —tion 
[llustrc, 2 a. illustrio..s, famous, 

noile, noted 
Illustrer, va. toillaslrate; adorn; 

* set off [OUS 

niustrissime, 2. a. most illustri- 

Ilot, sm. a small island 

lis, pro. they 

N. B. The syP.ables im, in, urn, 
vn, in the composition ol 
words, answer to not, and ol 
late the French make use, ra- 
ther too freely, of tliese parti- 

[mage, sf. image, fancy 

Imager, e. a printseller; aprint- 
shop ; im age~m aki r 

Imaiiinable, 2. a. —nable 

Imaginaire, 2. a. imaginary 

Imaginalif, ve. —tioc, full of in- 

Imagination, sf. —tion, fancy, 


Iniagiaer, va. to imagine ; con- 
trive [think 
iS'imaginer, ra. to imagine ; * 
rman,~s;n. a mahometan priest 
Imbccillo. 2. a. s. weak, silly 
ImbeciliK^ sf. imbecility 
Inibf^rbe, 2. a. beardless 
Imbiber, vu. to imbibe; soak 
S'inihiber, vr. to soak; * be im- 
Imbriaqne, s. drunkard 
Imbricee, tuile inibric6e, con- 
rave tile 
fmliroillf;, sm. confusion 
Inibu, e. a. imbued; possessed 

xc ith ; full, filled 
Tmitable, 2. a. imitablc 
Iiiiitatour, sw. imitator; follower 
liiiiiation,*/.— <iV?M 
Imiiatrice, —tatrix 
Imiter, va. to imitate ; follow 
Iminacule, e. a. unspottid 
Tniinanmralile, a. not eatable 
Immanquable, 2. a. infallible 

Inm.anquablement, atL infalli- 
Imniatorialite, sf.—Uty 
Innuateriel, le. a. immaterial 
ImmattMielleinent, ad. immate- 
Immatriculation, sf. matriculor 

tion. registering 
Inmiatricule, matriculation 
Iinmatricu'er, va. to enrol 
Immaturite, sf. unripeness 
Inun^diat, e. a. immediate 
Imniediatement, ad.—tely 
Immemorial, e. a. —rial 
Immense, 2. a. immense; vast 
Inimen5<^ment, ad. vastly 
Immensite, sf. — sity; vastness 
I Immersif, ve. a. site 
Immersion, sf.sion 
Iimneuble, sm. real estate 
Imminent, e. a. imminent 
S'iaimiscer, vr. to intermeddle 
[mmisericordieux, se. a. unmet 

Immobile, 2. a. immoveable 
Im.mobilier, iere, a. inseparable 
Immobility, sf — lity 
InnnoeleTMion, inl cmperance 
Immod6re, e. a. immoderate 
Immoderement, ad. —ratcly 
Immodeste, 2. a. —dest 
Imniodestcnient, ad. — dcstly 
Imraodcstie, .<•/. immodesty 
Immolation, — tion, sacrifice 
Immoler, r<j. to sacrifice 
Immonde, 2. a. unclean, foul 
Inmiondicps, sf. pl.fillh, dirt 
lumiortaliser, va. to immortalize 
Inmiorialite, .tf.—lity 
Immortel, le. </. immortal 
Innnortello, sf. amaranth 
Imnmable, 2 a i^untutablc 
Imnuiablement, ad. immutably 
Immunile, .s/'. immunity 

Imnmtabilite, lity, un 

Impair, 2. a. odd 
Impalpable. 2. a. —He; not to 

Impardonnable, 2. a. unpardon- 
blc [j'ectice 

Imp'.rfait, e. a imperfect: de- 
Tmparfait<ment, ad. imptrfctly 
Impartagcablc, 2. a indivisible 
ImpaniaJ, c. a. impartial 





Impartial ement, ad.—tiallij 
liiipartialile, sf. — lity; justice 
Iiiipassibilite, — lity, impassable- 

rmpassible, 2. a. —hie 
Iiiipatiemmenl, ad. — tiently 
Impatience, sf. impatience 
Impatient, e. a. impatient 
Impalienter, va. to * put out of 

patience; procoke 
S'lmpatienter, vr. to fret; be 

Simpaironiser, to * get autho- 
rity; to ■• be forward 
impayable, 2. a. inestimable 
linpeccabilite, sf. — lity 
Impeccable, 2. a. impeccable 
Impen6trabiUt6, sf. — lity 
Impenetrable, 2. a. —trable 

Irapen6trableraent, ad. tra- 

Imp6nitence, sf. —tcnce 
Impenitent, e. a. impenitent 

Imp6ratif, sm. tive, a mood 

Imp6rativement, ad. haughtily 
Imperatrice, sf. an empress 
Imperceptible, 2. a. —tible 
Impercepliblement, ad. — tibly 
Imperdable, 2. a. inadmissible 

Imperfection, sf. tion; defect 

Imperial, e. a. imperial 
Imp6riale, sf. coach's roof; the 

imperial lily 
Imperiaux, sm. pi. imperialists 
Imperieusement, ad. — riously 
Imperieux, se. a. imperious 
Imperissable, 2. a. imperishable 
Imperitie, sf. ignorance 
Impersonel, le. a. impersonal 
Impersonel lenient, ad. imperson- 
Impertinemment, — tinently ; 

Imj)ertinence, sf. — nence 
Impertinent, e. a. s. impertinent; 
absurd ; silly ; foolish ; intru- 
sive ; meddling 
Imperturbability, sf. immobility 
Imperturbable, 2. a. immoveable 
Iinperturbablement, ad. steadily 
Impetrable, 2. a. obtainable \ 

Impetrant, e. a. s. grantee., pa-\ 

Iinp6tration, sf. —tion [treaty j 
Impetrer, va. to obtain by en- ! 

Impeteuscment, ad. —tuously 
Impetueux, sc. a. impetuous 
Imp6tuosit6, sf. —sity, fury 
Impie, 2. a. impious ; ungodly 
Impiet6, sf. impiety, ungodliness 
Impitoyable, 2. a. merciless 
Impitoyablement, ad. unmerri- 

fully, cruelly 
Implacable, 2. a. implacaule 
Implexe, 2. a. intricate 
Implication, sf. — tion 
Iniplicite, 2. a. implicit 
Implicitement, ad. — citly 
Impliquer, va. to embarrass; im- 
plicate; imply 
Imploration, sf. the act of im- 
Implorer, va. to implore, to beg 
Impoli, e. a. unpoUte; clownish 
Impolitesse, sf. rudeness 
Importance, importance ; conse- 
quence; work; moment 
Important, e. a. important 
Importation, sf. —tion 
Importer, vn. to import ; concern 
Importnn, e. a. s. importunate ; 

troublesome ; sad 
Importun6nient, ad. — natcly 
linportuner, va. to importune; 

to trouble; vex ; dun 
Importunit6, sf. —nity, dunning 
Imposable, 2. a. liable to be taxed 
Imposaiit, e. a. striking ; awful 
Imposer, va. to impose, * lay on 
Imposition, sf. — tion, tax 
Impossibility, — lity 
Impossible, 2. a. impossible 
Imposte, sf. keystone 
Imposteur, sm. impostor ; cheat 
Imposture, sf. imposture 
Impot, sm. impost; tax ; custom 
Impot, sur cliaque tete, poll-tax 
— sur chaque feu, hcartk-monty 
Impotent, e. a. impotent; lame 
Impracticable,2 a. im_ racticable 
lmpr6cation, sf. —tion; curse 
Imprecaloire, 2. a. — tory 
Impregnation, sf. — tion 
Impr6gner, va to impregnate 
Impregnable, 2. a. impregnable 
Inipr6scriptibilit6, i>f. —lity 
Imprescriptible, 2 a. —tible 
Impression, sf. impression ; per 

suasion ; printing 
Impr6voyance, want of forecast 

Imprevoyant, e. a. improvident 
Imprevu, e. a. unforeseen 
Imprime, sm. any thing printed 
Imprimer, va. to print; prime; 

engrave; stamp ; * strike 
Imprimerie, .«/'. printing ; print- 
ing-house; press 
Imprinieur, sm. a printer 
Imprimure, sf. canvass -plaster- 
Improbable, 2. a. improbable 
Improbateur, trice, a ccnsurer; 

Improbation, sf. disproving 
Improbite, want of honesty, vice 
Impropre, a. improper ; unfit 
Improprement, ad. —perly 
Impropriete, sf. — prir.ty 
Impromptu, sm. extempore 
Improvistc, a I'improviste, sud- 
denly, unexpectedly 
Improuver, va. to disapprove 
Imprudemment, ad. imprudent- 
Imprudence, sf. — denct: 
Imprudent, e. a. imprudent 
Imprudent, e. s. a fool 
Impubere, 2. a. s. not adult, wn- 

der age 
Impudemment, ad. impudently 
Impudence, sf. —dence 
Impudent, c. a. s. — de7it; saucy 
Impudicite sf. lewdness 
Impudique, 2. a. immodest; lewd 
Impudiquement, ad. letcdly 
Impugner, va. impugn; oppose 
Impuissance, sf. inability; im- 

Impuissant, e. a. impotent ; in- 
Impulsif, ve. a. — sive ; driving 
Impulsion, sf. — sion, impulse 
Inipunement, ud. with impunity 
Impuni, e. a. unpunished 
Inipunitc, sf. impunity 
Inipur, e. a. impure; lewd 
Inijiurenient, ad. impurely 
Impurete, sf. impurity; lewdness 
Imputation, — tion; charge; de- 
linputer, va. to impute ; charge 

vith; ascribe; deduct 
Inabordable, 2. a. inaccessible 
Inaccessibilite, sf. inaccessible- 





lii.iccessible, 2. a. inaccessible |Tncertaiucment, ad. -uncertainly 

luaccoiiuuoduWe, not to * be * Incertilude, sf. nuertitude; un 

711 a de up 

Iiiacttetable, unsociable 
Iiiaccoulume, e a. unaccustomed 
luaciion, sf. inaction 
Inaduiiscible, ti. a. not admittable 
Inadvertence, sf. — tency ; over- 
InalienabiHie, —lity 
Inalienable, ;2. a. —Lie 
Inaliiable, that can't be mixed 
Inaiieral)lc, unaluraiLe 
luainis&ibilite, sf. —lay 
Inamissible, '2. a. — ble 
Inamovibie, uinemocable 
luajiime, e. a. inanimate 

certainty; suspense 
Lucessamment, ad. incessantly; 

forthwith: eiury moment 
Incessible, -2. «. inwiienable 
Inceste, sm. incest [ly 

lnce5lu"\iBi:inent, ad. incestuous- 
Inctstueux, se. a. incestuous 
Incidemment, ad. incidently 
Incidence, sf. — deuce 
Incident, sm. incident, accident 
Incident, e. a. incidental; casual 
Incidenier, en. to * split a cause 
Incineiaiion, sf. reducing to 

Incirconcise, e. a. s. uncircum- 

Inaniliou, sf. weakness for want i ciscd 

of food 
Inapplicable, 2 a. — ble 
laapplicaliun, sf. heedlessness 
Inapplique, e. a. supine; care- 
Inappreciable, 2. o. invaluable 
Ir.aptitude, sf. want of aptitude^ 
Inarticuie, e. a. inarticulate 
Inaitaquable, 2. a- that cannot 

be attacked 
Inattend'j, e. a. unexpected 
Iriatteniit", ve. inattnitice 
Inaiteniion, sf. heedlessness 
Inauguration, — tion 
Inangurer, la. to initiate 
Incalculable, 2. u. nut to * be 

co:nputtd or nckonid 
Incantation, sf. — ii,ni, charm 
IncAiiable, 2. a. —LI-, unfit 
Incapacile, sf. — ciiy, inability 
Incaniadin, e. a. light fccsh-co- 

Incarnat, e. a. carnation; flish- 

Incarnation, */. — tion 
lucamer, ra. to cortr (a wound) 

with II eiD flesh 
S'incarner, vr. to * become man 

(s[»eaking of ('Inist) 
Incanadf, .•>/. insult, fraud 
Incendiaire, sm. inctndianj 
Incendie, .«/. a ^rrcat fire; com- 

bu-^tiun; broils 
Incendier, va. to * sit fire to 
Inc^ration, sf. mizture of wax 
Inccrtain, e. a. uncertain, doubt- 
ful; irresolute; in suspense 

Inciiconcision^.'tf. uncircumcision 
Inciser, va. to * make an incision, 

to * cut 
Incisif, ve. a. —site, cutting 
Incision, sf. — siu7i, cutting 
Incisoire, 2. a. iiicisory, incisive 
Incitaiion, sf. —tion, motion 
biciter, va. incite; entice; induce 
Incivil, e. a. uncivil 
Incivilenient, ad. uncivilly 
Inciviliie, sf. incivility; a piece 

of radices s 
Incivisme, sm. want of subjection 

ti the laws 
Inclenience, sf. inclemency; 

Inclement, e. a. — ment, severe 
Inclinant, e. a. inclining; in- 
Inclinaison, sf. incliyuition 
Inclination, —tioji, love ■ 
Incliner, v. to incline, * bend; 

bow down 
Indus, 6. a. enclostd 
nclusit', ve. a. inclusive 
Inclusivement, nd. — ccly 
Incoatif, ve. a. beginning 
Incognito, — to, unknown 
Incombunlibilite, sf. — lity 
Incombustible, 2, a. —tible 
lncomnieii3urabilit6, sf. -r-lity, 

(ncommensurable, 2. a. —ruble 
Incoiniucdant, e. a. troublesome, 

inconvenient; uneasy 
Incommode, 2. o. troublesome; 

Incomniodement, aa. uneasily 
Incomnioder, ra. to incommode; 

* distress; disturb, trouble 
Inconmiode, e. a. disturbed, in- 
disposed; disabhd; at a pinch 
Incommodite sf. —dity, incon- 
vtniiney; indisposition; want; 
Incommunicable, 2. a. - ble 
Inconunutabilit6, sf. —lity 
Incomnmtable, 2. a. —ble, that 

cannot be exchanged 
Incomparable, 2. a. —ble 
Incomparablcnient, ad. — bly 
Incompatibilite, sf. —lity 
Incompatible, 2. a. — tible 
Incompt^temment, ad. —tent 
Incompetence, sf. — ttney 
Incompetent, e. a. — tent 
Incoruplaisance, sf. incompli 

ance; sulUnness 
Incomplaisant, e. a. sullen 
Incomplet, e. a. — plele 
Incompkxe, e. a. simple 
Inconiprehensibilit6, sf. —lity 
Incomprehensible, 2. a. — ble 
Incompressible, —ble 
Inconci vable, inconceivable 
Inconciliablc, that* cannot agi-e. 
Inconduit^, sf. misconduct 
Incongru, e. a. incongruous; un 

suitable; inconsistent 
Incongruement, nd. — gruouslf 
Incongruite, sf. —gruity 
Inconnu, e. a s. unknown 
Incoiiiequence, sf. —quence 
Inconsequent, e. a. incunsisten 

Inconsideration, sf. —tion 
Inconsiderti, e. a. — derate 
Inconsider^ment, ad. rashly 
Inconsolable, 2. a. —ble 
Inconsolablfuient, ad. —lably 
InconMamniei.t, lightly 
Iiiconstanci', sf.fcklmess 
Inconstant, e. a. inconstant 
Incontestable, 2. a. -table 
Incontestablement, ad. undopkt 

edly, most certainly 
Inconti-ete, e. a. imeovtr^ted 
Incontinence, sf. —nevcy 
Incontinent, e- a. — nent 
Incontinent, ad. immediately 
Inconvenient, sm. inconvenience 





Incorporation, sf. —t/on 
Ihcorporel, le. a. bodiless 
Incorporcr, va, to incorporate; 

annex: admit: unite 
Incorrection, sf. —tion; negli- 
Incorrigibility, —gihleness 
Incorrigible, 2. a. —ble 
Incorruption, sf. —tion 
Incorruptibilite, — lity 
Incorruptible, 2. a. —iible 
Incrasser, va. to thiclum. 
Incredibilit6, sf. —litij 
hicredule, 2. a. s. incredulous ; 

an unb.lievcr 
[ncr^duliie, sf. — litij: unbelief 
[iicree, e. a. uncreated 
Incroyablc, 2. incredible 
Incroyabloment, ad. incredibly 
Incrustation, sf. — tion 
Incruster, va. to incrust * 
Incubation, sf. —tion, ike setting 

upon eggs 
Incube, sin. night-marc 
Inculpation, .t/ accusation 
Inculpor, va. to accuse of a fault 
Inculqiicr, to inculcite 
Inculte, 2. a. uncultivated 
Incurabilite, sf. incurablatess 
liicuiable. 2. a. s. — blc 
liicurio, */. carel-ssncss 
Incursion, — sion, inroad 
\iu\its (los,) East Indies 
[ndttccniinenl, ad. 
liidecencc, sf. —cencij 
huvicent, e. a. —cent 
IndecliiftVable, 2. a. not to be de- 
ciphered, inexplicable 
[ndi'cis, e. wavering; undctcr- 

Indecision, sf. — sion 
Indeclinable, 2. a. — nnble 
Indecrotable, 2. a. odd; whimsi- 
cal; siillni 
lndelectibilit6, s/. —lify 
Indefectible, 2. a. —ble 
Ind^fiiii, e. uiuLfnife, unlimited 
Indcfininiont, ad. — nitcly 
Indefitiissable, 2. a. unaccount- 
lndel6bile, 2. indelible 
Indelib6r6, e. sudden 
Indenmisation, sf. indemnifica- 
Ind6mni9er, va. to indemnify 

Indemnity, sf. indemnification 
Independaniment, ad. — dently 
Indcpendance, sf. — dence 
Independant, e. a. — dent 
Indestructibilite, sf. —lity 
Indestructible, 2. a. —ble 
Indaterminalion, sf. irresolution 
Indetorniine,e. a. indeterminate; 

undetermined; irresolute 
Indetcrminenient, ad. —minately 
Ind6vot, e. a. irreligious 
Indevotement, ad. ungodlily 
Indevotion, sf. — tion; irreligion 
Index, sm. index, for e-Jinger 
Indicatif, ve. a. —tive, showing 
Indicatif, sm. — tive mood 
Indicaiion, .«/. — tioji, mark 
Indice, sm. sign, probability 
Indicible, 2. a. unspeakable 
Indiction, sf. — tion, calling of 

a council 
Indien, ne. a. s. Indian 
Indienne, .s/. printed calico 
Indiflereminent, ad. - rcntly, 

Indirterencc, sf. — rence 
Indiir^rent, e. a. indifferent; im- 
partial; insensible 
Indigenat, sm. bring a native 
Indigence, sf. — gence, want 
Iiidij^ene, 2.a. indigenou.<; native 
Indi'icnt, e- a. — gent; poor 
Iiidi'icslp, 2. a. undigested; raw 
Indigestion, .s/. —tion, surfeit 
Inf'ignaiion, — tion. 
Indigno, 2. a. unworthy; base; 

Indigne, e. a. very angry 
Indignement, ad. basdy 
FndiL'ner, ra. to irritate 
Si;i.lii.'nor, vr. to * be filled with 

indignation, to fret 
Indigiiite, sf. unworthiness ; in- 

Indiifo, .s-;/i. indigo 
Indigoterie, sf. indigo manufac- 
Iiidi()nor, va to indicate, appoint 
Indirect, e. a. —rrct, sinister 
Indirecteinont, ad. — rectly 
Indisriplinable, 2. a. indocile; 

frownnl; unruly 
Indiscipline, e. not disciplined 
Indiscipline, sf. want of disci- 
pline; rawness 

Indiscret, te. a. s. — erect 
Indiscretion, .s/. — tion, folly 
Indiscretenient, ad. rashly 
Indispensable, 2. a. —sable 
liidispensablement, ad. —ly 
Indispose, e. a. out of order, 

disaffected; set against 
Indisposer, va. to disincline, to 

* set against 
[ndisposition,.s/. illness, disaffec- 
Indisputable, 2. a. — ble 
Indisputahlenient, ad. — bly 
Indissolubiliie, sf. —lity 
Indissoluble, 2. a. — ble 
Indissolubleinent, ad. — bly 
Indistinct, e. a. indistinct 
Indistinctement, ad. — tincthj, 

Individu, snu individual 
Individnel, le. a. — dual 
Individuellonient, ad. —dually 
Indivis, e. a. unparled, undivided 
Indivisil)ilit6, sf. — lity 
Indivisible, 2. a. — sibte 
Indivisibleinent, ad. —bly 
Indocile, 2. a. untcachable; un- 
Indocilite, .<;/. —lity 
Imlolence, indolence; supineness 
Indolent, e. a. indolent, supine 
Indoniptable, 2. a, untameable; 

Indonip'6, e. not tamed ;■ unruly 
In-douze, sm. a book in twelves 

or duodecimo size 
Indubitable, 2. a. —ble 
Indnbitableinent, ad.— bly 
Induction, sf. —tion, inference 
Indu, «\ a. undue 
Indiicnient, ad. unduly 
Indnire, va. to induce, * lead; 

Indulgcnunent, ad. indulgcutr 

Fndnlwncc, sf. — gence 

Indulgent, e. a. — gent, kind 

Indult, sm. an indulto 

Indnliaire, one that * has * gt/l 
an indulto 

Industrie, .«;/. industry 

Industrieusement, ad. industri- 

Indnstrieux, se. a. industriova ; 





Iiiebranlable, a. immoveable; 

stea'ly; frin 
Inel)ianlabiement, ad. -unmove- 

ably; steadily 
Ineffabilite, sf. unspeakableness 
Ineffable, 2. a. hieffuble 
Ineffacable, indelible 
Ineflicace. ineffectice 
Inefficaciie, sf. inefficacy 
Illegal, e. a. unequal, uneven 
Inegalenieiit, a.l. unequally 
Li6galite, sf. inequality, uneven 

Inelegant, e. a. —gant 
Ineliffible, 2. a. who * cannot, be 

Iiienarrable, 2. a. unspeakahle 
luepte, 2. a. inept; unfit; silly 
Lieptie, sf. foolery 
luepuisable, 2. a. inexhaustible ; 

Inertie, sf. inertia, dulncss 
Inespere, e. a. unexpected 
Inesperement, ad. unexpectedly 
Inestimable. 2. a. inestimable 
Inevitable, 2. a. inccitable, un- 
Inevitablement, aJ. bly; un- 
Inexact, e. a. inaccurate 
Inexactimde, sf. ifiaccuracy 
Inexcusable, 2. a. inexcusable 
Inexecuiion, sf. non-pcrfvrm- 
Inexorable, 2. a. — blc ' [ance 
Inexorablemcnt, ad. — bly 
Inexperience, sf. — ricnce 
Inexperiniente, e. a. inexpert 
Inexpiable, 2. a inexpiable 
Inexplicable, 2. a uncxplicablc 
Inexpriniable, 2. a. inexpressible 
Inexpugnable, 2. a. impregnable 
Inextinguibilitc, sf. quality of 

being unquenchable 
Inextiuguible, 2. a. inextinguish- 
able, unquenchable 
Inextricable, — cabler 
Inlaillibilite, sf. infallibility 
Intaillible, 2. a. infallible 
Infailliblement, ad. infallibly 
Infaisable, 2. a. not to * be * 

done; impossible 
Infamant, e. a. defamatory 
Lifamation, sf. defaming 
Infanie, 2. a. s. infamous; shame- 
ful; sordid; filthy 

Infamie, sf. infamy; scandalous 

action; foul names 
Infant, e. a. s. infant; infanta 

(a title in Spain) 
Intanterie, sf. infantry, foot 
Infanticide, sm. — cide, murder, 

or murderer of an infant 
Infatigabilite, sf. indefatigable- 

Infatigable, 2. a indefatigable 
Infatigableinent, ad. indefatiga- 

Infatuation, sf. infatuation ; 

Infatuer, va. to infatuate 
Infeccud, e. a. unfruitful 
Infecondite, sf. barrenness I 

Iiifi'Ct, e. a. iiifected, tainted 
Infecter, va. to infect, taint 
Infection, sf. —Hon, taint 
Intiiicite, — city, unhappijiess 
Inleodation, infeoffment 
Infeoder, vr. to infeoff 
Inferer, to iufer, conclude 
Inferieur, c. a. inferior; lower 
Inferieurement, ad. below 
Inferiorit*^, sf. — rity 
Infernal, e. a. infernal, hellish 
Infertile, 2. a. unfruitful 
Infertililt', 2. a. barrenness 
Iiifester, va. to infest 
Inlidele.2. a. unfaithful; treache- 
Inlidele, 5. infidel; unbeliever 
Intideleinent, ad. unfaithfully 
Inlidelite, sf. ijifiddity, treachery 
Infini; e. a. itifinite; endless 
Intiniment, — nitcly; great deal 
Infinite, sf. infinity, a world 
Intinitif sm. — tive mood 
nfirniatif, ve. a. annulling 
Inlirine, 2. a. s. infirm, sickly 
Infirnier, va. to invalidate 
Infirmerie, sf. infirmary 
Jnfirniier, e. 5. overseer of an in- 
Infirmite, sf. — ty; sickness 
Inflamniabilitt\ — lity 
Inflammable, 2. a. inflammable 
Inflammation, sf. —tion 
Inflaminaloire, 2. a. — tory 
Inflexibility, sf. — lity 
Inflexible, 2. o. inflexible, stiff 
Inflexiblement, ad. —bly 
Inflexion, sf. inflexion, bending 

Inflictif, ve. a. —tive 
Infliction, sf. — tion, punishment 
lufligcr, va. to inflict, punish 
Influence, sf. influence 
Influer, va. to influence 
In folio, sm. a folio-book 
Information, sf. —tion, inquest 
Informe, 2. a. shapeless 
Informer, v. to inform, * tell 
^'informer, vr. to inquire 
Infortuue, sf. misfortune 
Infortunee, a. s. unlucky; un 

Infracteur, sw-. infringer 
Infraction, sf. infringement 
Infrnctueusement. ad. unprofit 

ably; to no purpose 
Infrucf.ieux, se. a. fruitless 
Infus, e. a. infused 
Inser, va. to infuse, * steep 
Infusion, sf. — sion 
Ingambe, 2. a. active, nimble^ 

S'ing6nier, vr. to look for meant 
Ingenieur, sm. an engineer 
Ingenieusemeiit, ad. wittily 
Ingenieux, se. ingenious 
Ingenu, e. a. ingenuous, free 
Ingenuite, sf. ingenuousness 
Ingeuument, ad. frankly 
S'ingerer, vr. to intermeddl 

with, to * take upon one 
lugrat, e. a- s. ungrateful 
Ingratitude, sf. ingratitude 
Ingredient, sm. ingredient 
Inguerissable, 2. a. incurable 
jinhabile, 2. a. unqualified, inca 
I pable. unapt 
jinliabilite, sf. incapacity 
Inhabitable, 2. a. uninhabitable 
Inhabite. e. a. uninhabited 
Inherence, sf. — rency 
Inherent, e. a. — rent 
Inhiber, va. to prohibit 
Inliibition, sf. — tion 
Inhospitalite, —lity 
Inhumain, e. a. s. inhuman; a 

crufi man or woman 
Inhumainement, ad. cruelly 
Inhumanit6, sf. —nity, cruelty 
Inhumation, interment 
Inhumer, va. to inter, bury 
Injecter, to inject, * cast in 
Injection, sf. —tion [imagined 
Inimaginable, 2. o. not to * be 





Ijiimitabie, 2. a. —bis 
Iiiiiuitic, sf. enviity 
IiiiiitelJijj'ible, 2.a. unintelligible, 

Injonction, 5/. injunction 
Inique, 2. a. iniquitous; unjust 
Iiiiquement, ad. unjustly 
Iniquity, sf. — ty; injustice 
Initial, e. a. initial 
initiation, sf. —tion 
Initier, va. to initiate, admit 
Injure,//, injury; abusive lan- 
guage, abuse, names 
Injtiner, va. to call one names 
Injuiieusement, ad. — riuusly 
Injurieux, se. a. injurious ; a- 

busivc, wrongful 
Injuste,2.a. unjust, unreasonable 
Injustcmeni, ad. unjustly 
Injustice, 4./. injustice 
luHC, e. a. inmate 
Innocemment, ad. innocently 
Innocence, sf. innucevce 
Innocent, e. a. innocent ; harm- 
Innocent, e. s. an idiot 
Innocenter, va. to acjuit 
Innonibiable, 2. a. innumerable 
Innombiablenient, ad. innume- 
rably; sans nonibre, is better 
Innom(^, a.— Comrat innonie, 
reciprocal agreement without 
icri tings 
lnnomin6, e. a. nameless 
Innovations, sm. innovator 
Innovatcur, sf — tio?i; change 
Innovur, va. to innovate 
lnobiH}r\ancc,sf. non-observance, 

Inobseivaiion, non-observance 
Inoculateur, rice. s. —tor; in- 

Inoculation, sf. — tion; grafting 
Inoculer, va. to inoculate; in- 

Inoculiste, sm. a partisan of in- 

Inofficicux, se. a. unkind 
Inondaxion^sf. inundation, flood; 

Inonder, va. to overflow; * over- 
S'inonder, vr. to * drown one's 
self; * drink much [den 

Inopin6, e. a. unforeseen; sud- 

Inopinemeiit, ad. unexpectedly 
Inoui, e. a. unheard of; strange 
In-promptu, sm. extempore 
In-quarto, a book in quarto 
Inquiel, e. a. uneasy; restless 
Inqui6ter, va. to disturb; * vex 
S'— , vr. to * be vexed ; * be un- 
Inquietu'le, sf. disquiet; uneasi- 
Inquisitour, sm. inquisitor 
I.nquisition, sf. —tion 
Insalubrile, unwhulesomeness ; 

Insatiabilite, insatiableness 
Insatiable, 2. j. —ble, insatiate 
Insatiablenient, nd. — tinily 
Insciemnient, ad. not knowing 
Inscription, sf. inscription 
Inscrire, va. to inscribe 
S' — , vr. to * undertake a charge 
Inscrutable, 2. a- —ble, unfa- 
Inscu, a mon inscu, ici'hout my 

Insecte, sm. an insect 
In-seize, a book in sixtecns 
Insense, e. a. s. scns'lcss; a fool 
Insensibilite, sf. — lity 
Insensible, 2. a. —ble, not * felt 
Inscnsiblenient, ad. — sibly 
Inseparable, 2. —Lie 
Ins6parablement, ad. — rably 
Inserer. va. to insert; add 
Insertion, sf. — tio}i; inoculation 
Iiisidieusernent, ad. — diously 
Insidicux, se. a. in.-idious 
Insigne, 2. a. notable, notorious; 

noted; signal; arrant 
Insifrnement, ad. notably 
Insinuant, e. a. engaging; pleas- 
Insinuation, sf. —tion; register- 
ing [ter 
Insinuer, •ya. to insinuate; regis- 
S'insinuer, vr. to * steal in; 

* creep 
Insipide, 2. a. insipid, flat ; wit- 
Insipidity, sf. —dity 
tnsister, vn. to insist; urge 
Insociabilit6, sf. unsociableness 
Insociable, 2. a. unsociable 
Insolation, sf. exposition of a 
vessel to the sun 

Insolcmnient, ad. insolently 

Insolence, .«/. —Icnce; pride 

Insolent, e. a. insolent, proud 

Insoler, va. to dry in the stin 

Insoiite, 2. a. unusiial; obsolete 

Insolvabiiit6, sf. insolcency 

Insolvable, 2. a. insolvent 

Insoluble, 2. a. insoluble 

Insomnie, sf. want of rest, wake 

Insouciance, carelessness 

Insouciant, e. a. devoid of care, 

Insoumis, e. a. unconquered, re- 

Insoutenablp, 2. a. indefensible ; 

Inspecteur, sm. inspector; over- 

Inspection, sf. —tion - 

Insj>iiation, — tion 

Inspirer, va. to insj>ire, suggest 

Instabilite, sf. —liiy 

Instable, 2. a. unstable 

Installation, sf. —tion 

Installer, va. to instal 

fnstamnient, ad. urgently; earn- 

Instance, sf. entreaty ; process ; 

Instant, sm. instant 

Instant, e. a. urgent, pressing 

Instantan6e, 2. a. instantaneous 

A I'instar, ad. like 

Instauration, 5/. — tion; restora- 

Insti^ateur, sm. Instigalrice, f. 

Instigation, sf. — tion 

Instiguer, va. to instigate; en- 

Instiller, to instil, pour Jn gently 

Instinct, sm. instinct 

Instituer, va. to institute; *tcach; 

Institut, sm. institute 

Instituaire, a reader of the insti- 

Instituteur, sm. founder, tutor 

Institution, sf. —tion; founding; 
instruction; training up 

Institutrice, a governess, a foun- 

Instructeur, sm. — tor, teacher 
- de proces, a solicitor 





Instruciif, ve. a- instrnctite ] 
Instruction, sf. — tion 
Instruire, va. to iv,^trucf., inform 
Instruisaiil, e. a. instructive 
InsiruinoiU, sm. —mcnl, tool 
Instruiiienlal, e. a. —tal 
InstniirieiUer, va. to * viakt 

Insuffisamment, ad. —fid-ntly 
Iiisutfisaiice, .-/. —Jiclcncy 
Insuftisar.t, c. a. ins tijjici'rnt, un- 
fit, iipiorant 
Insuiaire, a. s. 2. —lar, {.'^lander 
Iiistilialiic, 2. a. assailable 
Insultant, e. a. abusive 
Insaltc, .»/. insult, affront 
Insultcr, va. to iustdt^ abuse 
Insupportable, 2. a. — table 
Tnsupportablenient, ad. —tahltj 
Insui?eu9, sm. pi. Hungarian 

militia; revolters 
Insurnionta'^le, 2. a. invincible 
Intact, c. a. whole, pure 
Inlarissab'.e, 2. o. inexhaustible 
Integral, e. a. integral 
Intftirrant, c. a. int'-grant 
Ini^irrc, 2. a konrsi, upright 
l!il<^?rite, sf. inlco-r't'j. honesty 
Intellect, sm. inVllct 
Intellectif, ve. a. inlcUcctual 
Intcllectii'-'l, le. a. —tual 
Inteliisiiiminent, ad. knowingly 
IntellL'enco, .t/. —ce; undr- 

stanilimr; skill; .ipirit; union 
Intf;lli?>-Mf, e. a. intelligent; 

kvoirin g 
Iiitclii'^'ible, e. a. intelligible; 

Inteiligiblcmcnt, ad —gilfly 

Intenler une action, v. to* bring 

an action, institute, a suit 
Intention, sf. intention, intent; 
purpose; design; meaning; 
Bien ou mal intenlionnfe, well or 

ill affected 
Intercalaire, 2. a intercalary, 

Intercalation, sf. — tion 
Intercaler, va. to insert; to add 
[ntcrceder, vn- to intercede 
Inleicepier, va, to intercept 
Interception, sf. — tion 
Intercesseur, sm- cessor; me- 
[ntercession, sf. —tion, media- 
Interdiction, — tion 
Interdire, va. to prohibit; * take 
out an act of lunacy ; amaze; 
shut uv; suspend 
liiterdit, sm. interdiction ; sus- 
Iiilerdit, c. a. confounded ; for- 

Inleres^anl, e. «. of great con- 
cern, affecting 
liUeresse, e. a. seljish; covetous, 

l;i'eress6, sm. a party concerned; 

Inieresser. va. to concern; affect; 

3' — , vr- to* be concerned, moved 
Interei, sm. intrcst, profit 
Ir.ierjeclion, sf. — tion 
Iiileijeiier un appel, va. to* bring 
in an appeal 

Intemi>6raniment, intempcratcly i Interieur, e. a. interior; inward; 

Intemperance, sf. —ranee 
Intenijv' rant, e. o. — perate 
lntcinpir6, c. a. immoderate 
Intcmperie, sf. —peruture 
Intondani-e, manmr-mcnt, off.ce 

of an intendant ; district; in- 

tendiinVs house 
Intendant, sm. lor l-lientmant ; 

stetrard; commissioner 
Intendante,.';/. lord-lievtcnanfs, 

strward''s, or commissionir's 

Intetisc, 2. a. intense 
Intensity, .<>f. intenseness 
Intcnsivement, ad. intensely 

Interieur, sm. inward parts, in- 
ner rooms; man's heart 
Inttrieuremenl, ad. inwardly 
Interim, em. interim, meantime 
laierliffne, .«/. int'rline 
Interlintaire, 2. a. interlined 
Interlocuteur, sm. — cutor 
Interlocution, sf. —tion 
Interlocutoire, 2. a. s. —tnry 
Interlofje, sm. a. smuggler; an 

Interloquer, v. to grant an im- 
Intermede, sm. an interlude 

Intcrmediaro, 2. a. —medial 
Interniediat, e. a. — diate 
Interminable, 2 a. —ble, that 

* cannot be decided 
Intermission, sf. — sion, pans 
Intermillence, discontinuance 
Intermittent, e. a. — mitting 
Interne, 2. o. internal, inward 
Internonce, sm. internuncio 
Internonciature, sf- place or dig- 

vity of an internuncio 
Inter,K'l!aiion, — tion, summon? 
Interpeller, va. to sumfhon ; to 

Interpolateur, sm. —lator 
Interpolation, .«/. — tion 
Interpolcr, va. to interpolate ; 

Interposer, to interpose 
Interposition, sf. —tion 

Interpretation, tion, cxplce- 

Interpretatif, ve. a. — live 
Iatcrpr6tativement, nd. —vely 
Iiiterprete, ^. —preter, cipoumh r 
Interi>reter, va. to interpret; 

translate, explain 
Interpreter mal, to misinieiprct 
Interregne, sm. interregnum 

Interre.v, 7-ez 

Interrojrat, question, trial 
Interropateur, an examiner 
Interrasatif. ve. a —tive 
Interrocation, sf. tion; de- 
mand; question 
Inlerropaioire, sm. examina'inn 
Inlerrouer, va. to interrogate; 

examine; ask questions 
Interrompre, to interrupt; dis- 
turb; * break off, * leave off 
Interrupteur, sm. intrmiptcr 
Interruption, sf. —tion 

Intersection, tion 

Interstice, sm. interstice, inUr 

Intervalle, interval, space 
Inteivenant, e a. — vening 
Inter^'cnir, vn to intervene 
Intervention, sf. —tion, media 

Interversion, disorder 
[ntervertir, rr. to * overthrow 
Intestable, 2. a. intestable 
Intestat, e. a. intestate 
Intestin, sm. bowel, entrail 





Intestln, e. a. intestine, internal 
Intestinal, e. a. — nal 
Intimation, sf. a summons 
Intim6, e. a. s. intimate, hearty 
tntime, e. s. a defendant 
Intimenient, ad. intimatchj 
Iiitirner, va. to summon ; * give 

notice; intimate; signify 
Intimidation, sf. threatening 
Intimider, va. to intimidate; ter- 
Intimit6, sf. i'»timacy 
Intitule, srn. title of an act, S-c. 
Intiluler, va. to entitle 
S" — , vr. to call une's self 
Intolerable, 2. a. —able 
Infol6ral>lcment, ad. —rably 
Intolerance, sf. —ance, impa- 
Intolerant, e. a. one who opposes 

a toleration 
Intoi6rantisme, sm. intoleration 

Intonation, sf. tlon 

Intraitable, 2. a. untractable 

Iiitransitif, ve. a. tive 

Intrepide, 2. a. intrepid 
Intrtpiderncnt, ad. boldly 

Intrepidite, sf. dity 

Intrigant, e. a. s. an intriguer 
Intrigue, sf. intrigue, amour; 
plot [puzzle 

Intriguer, Tja. to embroil; plot; 
B'iniriguer, vr. to bustle; * put 

one's self forward 
Intrinsrqtie, 2. a. intrinsic 
Intrinsequement, ad. —stcally 
Introducteur, rice. s. introductor 
Introduction, sf. —tion 
Introduire, va. to introduce 
Introit, sm. introit, beginning 
Intromission, sf. —sion 
Intronisation, enthroning 
Intrdniser, va. to enthrone 
Introuvahle, 2. a. not to be * 

Intrus, 6. a. s. intruded; intru- 

Intrusion, sf. sion 

Intuitif, ve. a. intuitive 
Intuition, sf. — tion 
Intnitivement, ad. — tivdy 
Intumescence, sf. a swelling 
Invaincu, e.- a. unvanquishcd 
Invalide, 2. a. s. disabled; of no 
force: invalid 

Invalidement, ad. without force 
Invalider, va. to invalidate, to 

annul, to * make void 
Invalidite, sf. — dity, nullity 
Invariability, immutability 
Invariable, 2. a. —ble, constant 
lnvariah\ement,ad. firmly ;stead- 

Invasion, sf. invasion 
Invective, — tive, railing 
Invectiver, vn. to inveigh 
Inventaire, sm. — tory, auction 
Inventer, va. to invent, contrive 
Inventeur, sm. —tor, forger 
Inventif, ve. a. ingenious 
Invention, sf. — tion, device 
Inventorier, va. to * draw out an 

Inventrice, */. — tress 
InversabJe, 2. a. that * cannot * 

be overturned 
Inverse, 2. a. inverted, s. reverse 

Inversion, sf. sion 

Investigation, tion 

Investir, va. to invest; vest; * 

Inveslissement, sm. investing 
Investiture, sf. — tare, vesting 
Inv6ier6, e. a. — tcrate, old 
Ihvet6rer, vn. to * grow old; or 

Invincible, 2. a. —ble 
Invinciblemcnt, ad. —eibly 
Inviolable, 2. a — ble, — late 
Inviolablemont, ad. —lably 
Invisibility, sf. —bilily 

Invisible, 2. a. ble 

Invisiblement, ad. sibly 

Invitation, */. tion 

Invitatoire, sm. tory 

Inviter, va. to invite, * bid 

Invocation, sf. tion 

Involontaire, 2 a. —luntnxy 
InvoloMtairement, ad. involun- 

Involution, .<!/. tion 

Invoquer, va. to invoke, call up- 
Invraisemblab'e, 2. a. unlikely 
Itivraisemblance,*/. MnitTceiiAood 
Inusite, e. a. unusual, not used 
Iinitile, 2. a. useless ; heedless ; 

Inutilement, ad. needlessly; in 


Inutility, sf. —lity; trifle 

Invulnerable, 2. a. —ble 

lonique, 2. a. sm. ionic 

Iota, sm. a jot, a tittle 

Ipreau, Dutch elm 

Ipso facto, ad. immediately ; at 

once (Latin) 
Irascible, 2. a. —ble, apt to be 

Ire, sf. wrath 
Iris, iris, the rainbow 
Ironie, irony 
Ironique, 2. a. ironica. 
Iroiiiquement, ad. — ntcally 

Irradiation, sf. tion 

Irraisonnable, 2. a. irrational 
Irraisonnablement, ad. irration- 
Irrationel, le. a. —nal 
Irr6conciliable, 2. a. -cileable 
Iri6conciliablement, nd. irrecon- 

Irreductible, 2. a. irreducible 
Irretbrmable, not to be reformed 
Irrefragable, undeniable 
Irregularite, sf. — larity 
IrrCgulier, e. a. irregular 
Irreunlierement, ad. —larlg 
Irreiigieusement, ad. profanely 
Irreiigieux, se. a. — gious 
Irreiigion, sf. —gion, atheism 
Irremediable, 2. a. —ble, irrfctf- 

Irremediablement, ad. irreoo- 


Irremissible, 2. a. ble 

Irremissiblemont, ad. sibly 
Irreparable, 2 a. —ble 
Irreparablenient, ad. —rably 
Irreprehensible, 2. a. —sible 
Irreprehcnsiblement, ad. — stblf 
Irreprocbable, 2. a. blameless 
Irreprocliablement, ad. nublam- 


Irresistible, 2. a. ble 

Irrosistiblcment, ad. —tibly 
Irresolu, e. a. -lute, undrcideU 

Irresolument, nd. lutrly 

Irresolution, sf. l>on 

Irreveremineilt, ad ineuex^tl^ 

Irreverence, sf. rence 

Irreverent, e. a — rent, ruiis 

Irrt'.vocabilite, .of. lity 

Irrevocable, 2. a. ble 

Irr6vocablen»ent, ad. — rabify 





Irri'ajit, e o. anvvllinj 
Irritation, */. — tion 
Irriter, va. to irritate, ivceiise 
Irruption, sf. — tion, inroad 
Isabel le, o. *. yellow, dun 
Isoccle, 2. a. of two eqtial parts 
Liole, 6. insulate, lonely 
Isolemeiit, sm. distance (in ar- 
Isser, va. to koist up 
Issu, e. a. bom; * spnng 
Issue, sf. issue; outlet; purte- 

Islhme, sm. isthmtis 
Iralien, ne. a- s. Italian 
I'aliqup, 2. a s. italic 
Itfirn, nd. iccm; also 
It6ratif, ve. a repented 
I'.erativement, ad. repeatedly 
Ifinftraire, sin. itinerary 
Ivoire, irory 

'vi»irier, ivory- turner; toyman 
Ivro, 2 a. dninfam 
Ivresse, sf. drunkenness 
Ivrogne, 2. a. s. a drunkard 
Ivrofijnor, vn tofu'ldle, bib 
Ivrognerie, sf. drunkeitness 
ivrogness*', a drunken woifan 
Ivroie, Ivraie, tares; bad doctrine 

J-\, ad already (old) 
Jable, gm. notch of a cask 
Jabler tin lonneau, va to croe a 

Jabloir, tm. notching tool 
J abut, a bird's crop ; the bosom 

of a .■!hirt 
Jabottrr, rn. to prattle 
Jafi'p, .«/. heart's ease 
Jarcnt, a common: trrres jac«n- 

t«'fl, I'lntli) in abeyiivcr 
.1 icliorp, .«/. falloK ground 
Jaclierf-r, vn. to plough for the 

frst time 
Jacinth.^, sf hyacinth 
Jacobtc, rugwirt 
Jnr#)in, sm. a white fri'ir; Do- 

111 iv icon 
Jaa»btnf»,rn pl.apartyin France, 

.-II called from the Dominican 

convent vhere they asse.mhlcd 
J.U'-jbine, sf Dominican nun 

I Jacobites, 5m. pi. Jacobites 
Jacobus,tjn. Jacobus, broad pitcc 
I Jactance, sf. boasting 
Jaculatoire, 2. a. — tury 
Jadi*, ad. vf old, in old times 
Jaillir, vn. to spout out 
Jailljssant, e. a. spouttng out 
Jaillissenicnt, sm. spouting 
Jai^, jet; black 
Jalap, ja/op 
J ale, sf. a bowl 
Jalet, svi. a pebble; a stone 
Jalon, a pole, stake 
Jalonner, vu. to * stick poles in 

the ground 
Jalouser, va. to * be jealous 
Jalousie, sf. jealou.ty, aice 
Jalousies, pi. blind.^ 
Jalou.v, sc. a. jealous 
Jamais, ad. never, ever 
Jaiiibage, sm. stroke; door-posts 
Jambe, sf. leg; prop 
Jambette, clasp-knife, janba 
Jambon, sm. gammon; ham 
Janihonncau, a small hum 
Jaiiissaire, a janissary 
Jans^nisnie, sm. —nism 
Jans6niste, —nist 
Jante, sf. jaunt of a uhecl 
Janvier, sm. January 
Japoner, va. to imitate china 
Jappement,5W. ylping, barking 
Japper, vn. to yelp, * bark 
JaquPinart, *m. a jack ; to strike 

the hour 
Jaque de mailles, sf. coat of mail 
Jaquette, child's coat 
Jardin, sm. gardtn 
Jardiiiage, gardening; gardens 
Jardiner, va. to garden 
Jardinet, sm. a little garden 
Jardinier, a gardener 
Jardiniere, sf. a gardener's wife 
Jargon, sm. jargon ; gibberish ; 
Jargonncr, vn. to jabber [cant 
Jargonneur, se. s. jabberer 
Jarre, ."f. a jar; a pitcher 
Jarret, .tct. the ham; hough 

de bcKuf, shin of beef 

de vcnu, knuckle of veal 
Jarieliere, sf. a garter 
Jars, sm. large gander 
Jas<'r, TTW. to chatter, to blab 
Jasrrie, .*/. prating 
jjaseur, se. s. a prater, a blab 

Jasmin, sm.jusn^ive 

Jmsj)c, j isvrr, also, green am' 

rermiiiov to sprinkh a boik 
JasjM,'r, CO. to nitirlfie, to viin 
Ja.-puie, ."f. warbling 
JaitP, a bowl 
.JattOf, a bowlful 
Javart, sm swilling in the foot 

of a horse 
Javeler, v. to * bind iv sheaves 
Ja\ rlfiir, sm. gatherer ofsheavej 
Javeline, sf. a javflin 
Javel'e, skraf 

Javelot, sm dart; truss of oats 
iTM^e,sf. gage, gaging, standard 
JaugcagH, sm gaging 
Jaugtr, vn. to gage 
Jaugeur, sm. a gager 
Jaunfitre, 2. a. yellowish 
Jaunt', 2. fl. S771. yellow; tlu yolh 

of an egg 
Jaunet, sm. a butter-Jlowcr 
Jauiiir, va. to * make yellow, • 

grow yillow 
Jaunisse, sf. the jaundice 
Jp, pro. I 
Jertn.iade, sf, a frequent coiOr 

Jesuito, sm. a Jesuit 
Jet, cast; throw; swarm; sprtg; 

set; jesses; casting 
Jet d'eau, sm. a water-spout 
Jel6e, sf. jettee, bank, v.ole 
Jeter, va. to * throw; * cast; 

suppurate ; swarm; * shoot; 

.tpoiit; shed 
St- jpler, vr. to fall upon; * get 
Jclon, sm. counter 
Jcu, game: sport; play; jest 

— de mail, a mall 

— de theatre, attitude; gesture 

— d'echecs, chess-board 

— de pan me, a tennis-covrt 

— de billard, a billiard-table 

— de boule, a bowling-green 

— de quilles, a set of pnis 

— de carte?, a pack of cards 

— «le main, rough play 
d'espiit, a witlicistn 

de mots, quibble, pun [gan 
d'orffues, roie of pipes in an or- 

— de la nature, any formation 
out of the common order; lusus 


Jcudi, sm. Thursday 
Jeudi-Saint, Maiindi/- Thursday 


a. young; younger 

Jeune, sm. fast, fasting 
Jeuner, vh. to fast 
Jeunesse, sf. youth, frolic 
Jeunet, te. a. very young 
Jeuneur, se. s. a faster 
Jeu.T, sin. pi. games, sports 
Joaillerie, sf. jeweller^ s trade; 

Joaillier, ere. s. a jeweller 
Jocrisse,5m. simpleton; cot quean 
Jodelet, an empty fellow, fool 
Joie, sf. joy, delight, gladness 
Feu de joie, sm. a bonfire 
Jolgnaiit, pr. hard by, next to 
Joignant, e. adjoining, next to 
Joindre, vn. to join, * overtake 
Se joindre, vr. Lo * meet close 
Joint, sm. joint, seam 
Joint que, c. besides, to which add 
Joint6, e. a. legged 
Joint6e, sf. two handfuls 
Jointure, joints, juncture 
Joli, e. a. pretty, genteel 
Joliel, te. a. pretty enough 
Joliment, ad. neatly, prMily 
Jolivct6s, sf. pi. toys; pretty do- 
ings or sayings of children 
Jonc, sm. rush; hoop ring 
Jonchije, sf. strewed flowers; 

Joncher, va. to * strew 
Jonctioii, sf. joining; conjunction 
Jongleur, sm. a juggler 
Jonglerie, sf. juggling 
Jonque, an Indian boat 
Jonquille, a jonquil 
Joualller, vn. to play for a trifle, 

for nothing 
Joubarbe, sf. house-leek, jubarb 
Joue, the cheek 

J on^c, thickness of a window wall 
Jouer, va. to play; to act; sport 
Se jouer, v. to sport; droll; * be 

in jest 
Jouoreau, sm. a bungler at play; 

one who plays low 
Jouet, plaything; sport 
Joueur, so. s. gamester; player 

de gobulets, a juggler 

Jouflu, e. a.. f%t, buxom 
Joug, sm. yoke; slavery 
Jovial, e. a. jovial, merry 


Joujou, sm. a plaything 
Jouir, vn. to enjoy, possess 
Jouissance, sf. enjoyment; frui- 
Jouissant, e. a. enjoying 
Jour, sm. day; light; day-light 
Jour de I'an, new year's day 
Jour des rois, twelfth day 
Jour des cendres, jlsh- fVedncs- 

Jour des Morts, Ml-Souls-day 
Jour de cong6, play day 
Jour de la naissance du roi, the 

king's birth-day 
Jour (nioyen,) way, insight 
Jour, space; clear space 
Journal, sm. journal; day-book; 

diary; acre 
Journalier, e. a. daily; diurnal, 

Journalier, sm. journeyman 
Journaliiite, nalist 

Journ6e, sf. day; day's journey; 
day's work; a battle 

Journellement, ad. daily 

Joute, sf. just; tilt 

Joute de coqs, cock fighting 

Joutcr, va. tojtist; to * fight 

Jouteur, sm.jusiler; tilter 

Jouvenceau, a lad, stripling 

Jouvence, sf. youth (old) 

Jouvencelle, a lass 

Joyau, sm. a jeicel 

Joyeusenient, ad. joyfully 

Joyeuset6, sf. a joke, jest 

Joyeux, se. a. joyful, merry 

Jub6, sm. a lobby 

Jubilation, sf. rejoicing 

Jubil6, sm. a jubilee 

Jubiler, va. to grant an annuity 
to an old servant 

lucher, vn. to roost 

luclioir, sm. a roost 

Judaique, 2. a. Jewish 

Judaiser, vn. tojadaize 

Judaisme, »m. .Judaism 

Judicature, sf. judicature; law 

Judiciaire, judgment 

Judiciaire,'2. a. judiciary; judi- 



Juger, va. to judge; try 
Jugulaire, 2. a. jugular 
Jujf, vc. a. s. Jewish, a Jew 
Juillet, sm. July 
Juin, June 
Jujube, sf. jujube 
Jujubier, sm. jujube-tree 
Juiverie, sf. Jew's quarter; bi-(r 

ker's street 
Julep, sm.julap; decoction 
Jules, Italian coin, sixpence 
Julienne, sf. Julian-flower 
Jumart, sm. a mule 
Jumeau, Juinelle, a. s. twins 
Jumeaux, sm. pi. Gemini 
Jumelles, sf. pi. cheeks, side 

beams of a press, 4c. 
Jumeller, va. to strengthen with 

cheeks, beams, Src, 
Juinent, sf. a mare; mould to 

make money 
Junte, junto, cable 
Jupe, a petticoat 
Jupe piquee, quilted petticoat 
Jupiter, sm. Jupiter {a planet) 
Jupon, under petticoat 
Jurande, sf. wardenshin ; the 

Jurat, sm. alderman, sheriff 
Juratoire, 2. a. to * be* sworn 
Jur6, e. a. sworn 
Jur6, sm. warden of a company; 

juryman; jury 
Jurement, an oath 
Jurer, v. to * swear 
Jureur, se. s. a sioearer 
Juridiction, sf. jurisdiction 
Juridique, 2. a. juridical 
Juridiquem', nt, ad. — dically 
Jurisconsulle, sm. a lawyer 
Jurisprudence, sf. — dcnce 
Juriste, sm. civilian, jurist 
Juron, affected kind of oath 
Jus, juice, gravy 
Jus de r6glissc, Spanish liquorice 
Jusant, reflux, ebb 
Jusque, Jusques, pr. to; as far 

as; until; till; even to 
Jnsqu'a, Jusqu'au, even, very 
Jusques a quand 1 how long 
Jusques Iri, so far, hither 
Jusqu'ou ! how far 

Judiciairement, ad. —daily 

Judicieusement, —-ciously 

Judicieu.x, se. a. judicious; aji^el Jusquiaine, sf. hen-bane 

Jugo, 5/71. a judge; umpire I Jussion, command 

J ugcment, judgment; sentence I Juste-au-corps, sm. close coai 



Juste, p. a. sm. just; Jit; tight 
Juste, ad. rifiht^ exactly 
iustument, justly; exactly: right 
Justesse, sf. justness 
Justice, justice, law; rightcous- 

Justiciable, 2. a. — ciable 
Justicier, va. to execute 
Justicier, em. a judge 
Justifiable. 2. a. — ble 
Juslifiant, e. a. justifying 
Justificateur, sm. -tor (a let- 
ter founder's instrument) 
Justification, sf. — tion; defence 
Justifier, r a. justify; prove 
Sc justifier, vr. to clear one's self 
Jurcr,* swear; jar; clash. 


KABAK,SOT. thenamcofsome 
public houses in Russia 

Kabin,a«k6bin,seco7i<i marriage, 
or hired wives among theTurks 

Kali, sm. kali (a sea weed) 

Kan, u commander among the 

Karab6, yellow amber 

Karmesse, 5/. annual fair in the 
Low Countries 

KazJne, the Grand Signior's 

Kennes, sm. kermes 

Kiosque, a sort of pavilion in a 

Kyrielle, sf. a legend, a long te- 
dious story 

Kyrielle, the litany 

Kyste, sm. a tumour, swelling 

LA, art. the 
La, pro. her, it 
La, sm. a note of music 
La, ad. there, yonder, thither 
La, la, so so; come come; softly 
La-haut, above 
La-has, below 

La-Tn6me, in that very plate 
La-dessus, upon that, up there 
La-dessous, under there, under 
this or that 


La-dedans, within, in that place 
Labarum, sm. Constantine' s im- 
perial standard 
Labeur, sm. labour; work 
Labial, e. a. labial, verbal 
Labie, e. a. labiatcd 
Laboratoire, sm. — tory 
Laborieusement, ad. hardly 
Laborieux, se. a. laborious 
Labour, sm. tillage 
Labourable, 2. a. arable, manur- 

Labourage, sm. tillage 
Labourer, va. to till; * dig; toil 
— avec la charrue, to plough 
Laboureur, sin. ploughman; til- 
Labyrintlie, — rmtA; maze; in- 
Lac, a lake 

Lacer, v. to lace; to tag 
Laceration, sf. — tion 
Lacerer, va. to lacerate, * tear 
Laceron, sm. sow-thistle 
Lacet, lace; snare; noose 
Lache, 2. a. loose; slack; faint; 

slothful; cowardly; base 
Uji lacbe, sm. a poltroon; i 

L4cbement, ad. basely; slackly 
Lacher, v. to loosen; * let go 

fire; * go off 
S'j l.iclier, vr. to slacken: to * Jly 

off, to unbend 
Lacliot6, sf. cowardice; sloth 

Lacini6, e. a. lacinated 
Lacis, sm. netting 
Laccnique, 2. a. —nic; concise 
I-aconiquement, ad. — nically 
I^amnisme, sm. — j>ism 
Lacrynial, e. a. —mal 
Lacryniatoire, sm. Itchrymarii 
Lacsj \:u\s,string; noose; spring; 

snare; gin; knot 
Lactee, 2. a. lacteal; milky 
Lacune, sf. a gap in a book 

something * left out 
Ladre, 2. a. leprous, stingy 
Ladre, esse. s. a leper, miser 
Ladrerie, .«/. leprosy; lazaretto; 

sordid avarice 
Lagune, sf. Venetian canal 
I Lai, e. a. s. lay, layman 
I Laid, e. a. ugly, homely 


Laideron, sf. a homely puss 

Laideur, ugliness, diformity 

Laio, wild sow ; lane through 

Lainagc, sm. woollen goods 

Laine, sf. wool-fleece 

Lainerie, woollen trade 

Laiiieux, se. a. woolly 

Laiiiier, c. s. a wuolmonger 

Laique, 2. a. s. lay, layman 

Laisso, lusse, sf. a leash; a hat- 

Laisser, va to * leave; to * lei 

Lait, sm. milk 

Lait lie cliaux, whiting, size 

Ijuxta^e, milk food 

Laitanre, laite, sf. milt; white 

Laife, e a. soft roed 

Laitetie, sf a dairy 

uajteron, sm. sow-thistla 

Laiteux, se. a. milky 

Laitier, sm. scummy matter of 
melted iron 

Laiticro, sf. a milkwoman 

Laiton, sw. latten; brass 

Laitue, sf. lettuce 

Laize, breadth of cloth, or stuff 

Laina. sm. a priest among tht 

Lamanp'.ir, roast-pilot 

Laniboau, a mg, a shred 

Lambel, a label 

Laiiibin, 0. s. humdrum 

Lambinur, va. to * dream, to* be 
a loungfr 

Lanibourde, sf a joist 

Lainbris, sm. ceiling, wninstot; 

Lambrissagp, ceiling; wainscot- 

Lanibrisser, va. to ceil; wain- 

Lanii', sf. a plate of metal; a 
blnitc; wave; flake; reed 

fjam^, e. a. plated 

Lamentable, n. — table 

Lanieiitablonient, ad. moavfullf 

i.aniontation, .-/. —tion 

Lanienter, vn. to lament; be- 

Lamie, sf. laviia (a kind of 

Laminage, sm. the flattening of 
I metals 



Lamiaer, va. to flatten melals 
Laniiuoir, */«. afluttcncr, 
Lainpas, sm. tumour 
Lainpass6, e. a. languid 
Lampe, sf lamp 
Lampee, bumper, brimmct 
Liainpcr, vn. to toss off brimmers 
Laiiiperon, sm. pipe of a lump 
Lampion, a small lamp for illu- 
Lnuipnllou, small lamprey 
l^amproii,', sf. a lamprey 
Laiice, a lance, spear 
Lajice a fiiu, a squib 
liaiictM, va. to dart; * sting; 

l:anch; rouse; * cant 
Se lancer, vr. to rusk; * shoot 
Laiiceltc, sf. a lancet 
Laiici.jr, sm. a case for chirurgi- 

cal instruments 
Laiiciorw, sf. a viilV s sluice 
iiHiiCoir, sm. amill-dam 
La,i«'k>, sf. heath 
Laiitli,a-/H. a fair near St Dennis, 
and remarkable holidays for 
the collfges of Paris 
Landgrave, sm. — grave; Ger- 

m in count 
Laiidgraviat, —gr aviate [ess 
l^amliiraviiii;, */ German count- 
L;i[i(lit;r, am. a kitchen handiron 
J^anaoreit, lunner {hawk) 
Laiiguge, langu'ige, tongue 
Liijigcs, pi swaddling clothf 8 
Laiigf, sm. a printer's blanket 
Laii<|oiiruuseiiient, ad. languish- 
ing! y [pining 
LaiiKOurcux, se. a. languid; 
f^aiiuoiiste. .-/. large lobster 
LaiigDustiri, sm. a prawn 
Laiiiriie, sf tongue, language. — 

Coup de laiii;ue, slander 
Laaguatc, tongue of several 

Laii^nmir,/ i/i^wor; pining away 
Laii'iiieyer, va. to examine a 

hog's tongue 
Larig,i6yeur, sm. searcher of 

h'ig.i' tongues 
Laauuier, drird hog's tongue 
l^aaguir, on. to languish; pine 
awnij: linger [i^g^b 

Laa^uissaiiauoat, ad. lunsrai.ih- 
L^asiuissaiit, e. a languishing; 
ining; weak; faint 


Lanier, sm. a lanner 
Laniere, sf. strap, lash, lures 
Lanifere, 2. a. lanigerous 
Laasqiieaet, sm. — net, German 
foot soldier; a game at cards 
Laalerne, sf. lantern, cupola 
Laaterne sourde, dark lantern 
Laaterae de moulin, trundle, 

head of a mill 
Laaterne magique, magic lan- 
Laaternes, pi. fooleries 
Laateraer, vn. to trifle, bamboo- 
Laatcincrie, sf. silly stuff' 
Laiiteraier, e. s. lantern-maker; 

tedious talker 
Laatiponnage, sm. nonsense 
Laatiponner, va. to talk non- 
sense; to tease 
Lauugineux, se. a. hairy; woolly 
Laper, vn. to * lap, * lick up 
Lapereau, sm. young rabbit 
Lapidaire, lapidi- ry, jeweller 
Lapidaiioa, sf. stoning 
Lapidcr, va. to stone to death 
Lapidificatioa, sf. — tion 
Lapidifier, vn. to lapidify; to 

turn into stone 
Lapidifiqae, 2. a. —fical 
Lapin,sy«. a rabbit. — Bravecom- 

nm un lapin, a coward 
I^apine, sf. a doe rabbit 
Lapis, sm lapis lazuli 
Laps, e. a. lapsrd, fallen 
Laps de terms, sm. length of time 
Laps & relajra, a rencgado 
Laquais, sm. a lackey, footman 
Laqui!, sf. gum lac; lacker 
Laqiie, .tm. China varnish 
Lai^uelle, pro. f. that, which, 

Larcin, sm. theft, robbery 
Lard, bacon, lard 
Lardi;r, va. to lard; * run 

Lardoire, sf. a. larding-pin 
Laidon, sm. thin slice of bacon 
fjnrdui), sneer, sarcasm 
Large, 2. a. large; wide; broad; 

Laige, sm. breadth 
Largcaiw'nt, ad. —gely, fully 
LargL'sse, sf. Imgeness; gift 
Largeur, largeness, breadth 



Largo, ad. slow {in music) 
Largue, sm. offing 
Larguer, va. to * let go 
Larigot, s/ft flute, or pipe 
Larix, the larch-tree 
Larme, sf. a tear; a drop 
Larmette, a stnall tear 
Larmoyaat, e. o. weeping, in 

Larmoyer, vn. to * weep 
Larnioyeur, se. s. weeper 
Larron, nesse. s. thief; the pith 

of a quill 
Larronaeau, sm. a young thief; 

Larves, sm. pi. hobgoblins 
Larynx, sm. larynx 
Las, int. alas I 
Las, lasse, a. wearied, tired 
Lascif, ve. lascivious, lewd 
Lascivement, a/' — viously 
Lascivet6, sf. lasciviousness 
Ijassant, e. a. tiresome, tedious 
Lasser, va. to tire; fatigue 
Se — , vr. to * grow, ot * bt 

Lassitude, sf —de, weariness 
La.«te, sm. a last; two tons 
Lafanier, Jlmericmi palm-tree 
Latent, e. a. latent; hid; hidden 
Lat6raJ, e. a. — ^al 
Lat6ralenient, ad. — redly; sid^ 

Latin, e. a. Latin 
Latia, sm. the Lutintongue 
Laiiaeur, a pedantic Latinist 
Latiniser, v. to I^atiniae 
Latinisme, sm. J.atinisia 
Latiaiste, J^atinist 
Latinil6, sf latinity 
Latitude, latitude 
Lutit.udiaaire, a. s. — narian 
Latomies, sf. pi. quarries 
Latrie, ciilte de latrie, worship 

of God. 
Latri!ies, sf. pi. house of office; 

Latte, sf. a lath 
Latter, va. to lath 
Latlis, sm. lathing 
Lavage, washing; puddle 
Lavande, sf. Itnender 
Lavaadiere, a laundress 
Lavaagi-, full of snow from ti« 




Lavasse, violent rain 

Laudanum, sm. laiulnnum 

Laiides, sf pi. prayers 

Lave, sf. lava 

Lavement, sm. glister; icaski7ig 

Laver, va. to * wash; clean 

Se laver, vr. to * wa^h, or clean 

one's self 
Laveton, sm. short wool 
Laveite, sf. a dii>ltcluut 
Laveur, se. a wa.-^her 
Laveuse d'6cuelles, sf. pexnter 

Lavigjion, sm. sort of cockle 
I-avis, a wash (in drawing) 
I.avoir, a wa.^hhousr; a sink 
Lanr6at (poiite) poet laureat 
Lauri^e, sf. crown of laurel 
Laur6ole, sf. spurge-laurel; 

wreath of laurel; bay 
Laurier, am laurel; bay 
— d'Am6rique, ou d'lnde, In- 
dian laurel 

— cerise, cherry-bay 

— chSne, kind of cork-tree 

— rose, rose-laurel; rose-bay 
— thym, wild laurel 
Lavure,*/. dish-water, hng-wash 
La.xatif, ve. a. —tivc; opening; 

Layer, va. to * cut a lane 
Layette, sf. a drawer; box; 

shelf; childbed linen 
Lazaret, sm. a pest-house 
Lazzi, dumb show; trick 
Le, art. m. the 
Le, pro. him; it; so 
Ii6, sm. breadth of linen 
L6che, sf. a thin slice 
Leche-frite, a dripping-pan 
L6cher, va. to * lick 
Lecon, sf. lecture; lesson 
Lecteur, sm. a reader; lecture; 

Lectrice, sf. a female reader in 

a nunnery 
L«;ture, reading; lectureship; 

L6gal, e. a. legal; lawful 
L6salement, ad. honestly 
Legalisation, sf. the making a 

writing authentic 
L6ga!iser, va. to * make authen- 
Legality, */. honesty; saftty 


iL^gat, sm. a Pope's legate 
Legiitaire, a. a legatee; legacy 
Legation, .5/. leg-'teship 
Lege, 2 a. eniphj (sea term) 
Legendaire, sin. a writer of le- 
Legendc,^/. legend; inscription; 

tedious narrative 
Lf^ger, e. a. light; nimble ;fcklc; 

Lf^gprement, lightly; nimbly 
Legerete, sf. lightriess; agility; 
nimbleness; hvity 

d'esprit, levity of mind 

Legion, legion, vast number 
Legionnaire, sm. legionary 
Legislatoiir, legislator, lawgiver 
Legislatif, ve. a. —tive 
Legislation, sf. l,gislature 
Legislatrice, a she lawgiver 
Legiste, sm. civilian, lairycr 
Legitimation, */. —tion 
Legitime, 2. a. legitimate; just; 
lawful [many 

Legitime, sf. portion; patri- 
Legitimement, ad. justly 
L^gilimer, va. to legitimate 
L(^gitimit^, sf. legitimacy 
Legs, sm. legacy 
L6guer, va. to bequeath 
L6gume, sm. legume, pulse 
L6gumes, pi. greens, roots 
L6gumineux, euse. a. —ous 
Lendemain, sm. the next day 
Lendore, m. iV/. a humdrum 
L6nifier, va. to lenify, soften 
L6nitif, sm. lenitive; allay 
Lent, c. a. slow; dull; dilatory 
Len'e, sf. nit 

Lentement, ad. slowly; heavily 
Lenteur, sf. slowness, duljuss 
Lenticulaire, a. m. —cular 
Lentille, sf. a. lentil; freckle; 

Leniilleux, se. a. freckled 
Lentisque, sm. mastick-tree 
L6onin, e. a. leonine, unequal 
L6opard, sm. a leopard 
L6opard6, a. passant, guardant 
Li'pre, sf. leprosy 
L^pr'^ux, se. a. s. leprous; a leper 
Lepinserie, sf. a lazaretto 
Lequel, pro. m. which, who, that 
Les, art, pi. and pro. the, them 
Lese-majest6, .«/. high-treason 


L6scr, va. to wrong 
Lesine, sf. niggardliness 
L6siner, vn. to * be sordidly par 

Lt'sion, sf. wrong 
Lesquels,;?ro. ichich; who 
Lesquelles, /. that, which, who 
Lesse, sf. hatband 
Lessive, lye to wash with 
Lessiver, va. to * wash in lye 
Lest, am. ballast, last 
Leslage, lastage 
1-este, 2. a. spruce; neat; clever 
Lestenieiit, ad. sprucely, cleverly 
Lester, va. to ballast 
Lesteur, sm. a lighter 
Lctliargie, sf. lethargy 
Leiliargique,2. a. s. lethargic 
Leltre, sf. letter, epistle 
— de cJiaiige, bill of exchange 
Lettres, pi. literature [credit 
Letires de creance, letters of 
Lettres de recision, a writ to 

annul a contract 
Lettree, a. Inter ed, literate 
Let trine, sf. very small letter or 
type {in printing) 

Lettris6, e. a. (in poetry) that 
begins with the same letter 

Levain, sm. leaven; yest; relics, 
old grudge 

Levant, the east, the Levant 

Levantin, a. sm. J^evantins 

Leve, sf. hollow mallet 

Lev6e, bank; levy; rising; rats- 
ing; recess; harvest; trick at 
cards; riding 

Lever, v. to lift up; levy; re- 
move; collect; * shoot; * take 
up or off; * ri.oe; ferment 

Se lever, vr. to rise; * break up; 
* arise 

Lever, sm. levee 

uu soleil, sun-rising 

Leveur, tax-gatherer 

Levier, a lever 

L^vigation, .«/. lecigation 

L6viger, va. to levigate 

L6vite, sm. a Levite 

L<^vilique, Leviticus 

Levis, pont-Ievis, draio-bridgn 

Leur, pro. their, them 

Le leur, les leurs, their 

Levraut, sm. a levcrel 

Levre, sf. the lip 





Levre supcrieure, upper lip 

-• inforioiirt;, under tip 

L(;vrette, greyhound bitch 
Levrettefj vn. to hunt hares 
L6vrier, sni. a greyhound 
Levron, little greyhound 
Leurre, a lure; decoy 
Leurrer, va. to lure; decoy; to 

* teach wit 
Levure, sf. yest 
Lexicograplie, sm. —pher, a win 

ter of dictionaries 
Lexicon, lexique, a Greek die 

Lizard, a lizard 
L6zarde, 5/. a chink or crevice in 

a wall 
Liais, sm. very hard free-stone 
Liaison, sf. binding; connexion; 

stroke of a pen; tie 
Liaisonner, va. to * bind stones 
Liaiit, e. a. affable; mild 
Liani, sm. a farthing 
Liartler, vn. to club small sumx; 

to join 
Liasse, .9/. bundle of papers; 

Libation, — tion, offering 
Lihelle, sm. a libel; a bill 
Liheller, vn. to declare upon an 

action of trespass 
Liberal, e. a. liberal, free.— Arts 

Hb6raux, sciences 
Lib6ralenient, ad. —rally, freely 
Lib6ralit6, sf. —lity; generosity 
Ijibr-iatenr, rice. s. deliverer 
Liberation, sf. di.fcha/ge 
I^ibi^rer, im. to free, clear 
Ss liberer, to clear one^s aebts ; 

get * from 
Libend, sf. liberty; facility; 

Libertin, e. a licentious; lewd 
Libertin, e. .?. a lewd person 
Lil»erlina!:!;e, sm. lewdness 
LibortiiKT, vn to * be libertine 
So lihitincr, vr. to * grow lewd 
Liliidi.'KMix, se a. lewd 
Lihiliiiain's, sm. pi. libitinarii, 
undertakers of funerals among 
the liomans 
fiibiaiio, sm. bookseller; station- 
Librairie, sf book trade 
^ibr^tioii, —rtini; poising 

Tiibrc, 2. a. free; easy; open: 
bold; loose 

Libiement, ad. freely; easily 

Lice, sf. list for combats; hound- 

Licence, license; licentiousness 

Licencie, sm. licentiate 

Licenciemenl, disbanding of 

Licencier, va. to disband 

Se licencier, vr. to * grow licen- 

Licencieusement, ad. lewdly 

LicencieuXjSe. a, licentious, lewd 

Licitation, sf auction 

Licife, 2. a. laioful 

Licilement, ad. lawfully 

Liciter, va. to * sell by auction 

Licorne, sf. a unicorn 

Licou, sm. a halter 

Licteiir, lictor 

Lie, sf. lees, dregs, grounds 

Li6ge, sm. cork 

Linger un filet, to put corks along 
a net 

Lien, sm. string; tie; band 

Liens, bonds, chains; irons 

Lienterie, sf. lientery 

Lier, * bind; tie; knit; 
join; unite; thicken 

Se lier, vr. to * bind one's self; 
to league; thicken 

Licrro, sm. ivy 

Lierr6, e. a. with try leaves 

Liesse, ."if. joy (old) 

Lieu, 5WI. place; room; cause; 

Lieux, pi. privy 

Lie'jx-coniinuns, m. pi. common- 
place book 

LitMi de piai.:ance, a fine seat 

Lieue, sf a league, 3 miles 

Lieur, sm. tier of sheaves 

Licvre, a hare 

Lievreteau, sucking young hare 

Lieiilenance, sf. licutciinncy 

Lieutenant, sm. — tenant 
de roi, lord lieutenant 

Liganncnt, a ligament 

Ligamentcux, se. a. stringy 

Ligance, sf a ligature; band 

Lice, 2. licgp, vassal 

Lige, 5712. allegiance 

Ligence, .if allegiance 

Ligement, ad. by allegiance 

Lignage, sm. lineage; offspring 

Lignager, one of the same family 

Ligne, sf. line; race 

Lignee, lineage; issjie; race 

Ligneiil, sm. shoemaker's thread 

Ligneux. se. a. woody 

Ligue, sf. league ; faction; cow 

Liguer, va. to league 
Ligueur, se. s. a leaguer 
Lilas, sm. lilac, pipe-tree 
Limace, sf. limas, sm. a slug 
Limacon, sm. a snail 
Limacon de mer, periwinkle 
Limafile, sffile-du.^t 
Limniide, hurt or bre'.fsh 
Limbe, sm limb, border 
Limbes, pi. limbo 
Lime, sf. file, lime, sea-froth 
Linier, va. to file; polish 
Limeur, sm. a filer 
Lin'iier, a bloodhound 
Liminaire, 2. a. dedicatory; prey 

Liinitatif, ve. a. restrictive 
Limitation, sf. — tion 
Limiler, va. to limit, confine 
Limites, sf. pi. limits, bounds 
Limitrophe, 2. a. bordering close 

on, close to 
Limon, sm. mud, slime; lemon; 

Limonade, sf. lemonade 
Limonadier, c. 5. a seller of le- 

Linioneux, se. a. muddy; slimy; 

Limonier, sm. a thill hoise; a 

lemon- tree 
Limpide, 2. a limpid, clear 
Limpidit6, sf. clearness 
Lin, S7n flax; linseed 
Linceul, a .thret, linen 
Lint^airc, 2. a. linear 
Lin(''al, e. a. linenl 
Lineament, sm. lineament; fea- 
Linge, linen cloth 
Linger, e 5. one who makes, or 

sells linen; a linen-drnprr; a 
seamstcr, .<teiimstress 
Lingerie, sf. linen trade; thr. 
place of a nunnery irh'-re the 
linen is kept 





Lingotto, sort of fianml and 
Lingot, S'u. ingot, iccdire [serge 
Linsofiere, sf. ingot mould 
Lingual, le. a. linguadental 
Linsue, sf. sort of cod-fish 
Linier, am. flax- seller 
Liniere, sf.fiax-plot; flax-woman 
Liniment, sm. a litiiment 
Linon, lairn 
Linotte, sf. linnet 
Linteau, sm. lintel 
Lion, a lion, Leo 
l>ionceau, a young lion 
Tiionne, sf. a lioness 
I.ippe, llubber-lip 
Lippee, a mouthful 
— , Tranche Iipp6e,/rce scot 
Lippilude, 5/. — de, bleareduess 
Lippu, e. a. blubber-lipped 
Liquefaction, sf. —tion 
Liquefier, v to liquify; to melt 
Liqueur, sf. liquor 
Liqueurs, pi. drams; cordials 
] Ai\n\ia\ion,sf.. settling, clearing 
I.iqiwdc, 2. a. liquid, clear 
Liquidetnent, ad. clear 
Liquider sesdeltos, to clear one's 

Liquidity, sf. liquidity 
Liquorcux, se. a. luscious 
Lire. va. to read, study 
Lis, sm. a lily 
Lis^rage, embroidering 
Lis6rer, ra. to embroider 
Li«eur, se. s. a readc 
l.isible, 2. a- legible 
LirJiblonient, ad. legibly 
Li^i."^, .«/. list; leading strings, 
>hrt of a place; ridgr: sclcagc 
Lissc, 2. a slrek; smooth 
Li.«.^er, ra to aUck, smooth 
Lissoire, sf. n sleehing-tool 
[.is^urc. si'cking 
List*', a /i.-/; a roll, catahigue 
fiit,swi a b(d; channel of a river 
Lit de plume, fe'Ohcr-brU 

— dc duvet, dotmt-'bed 

— de Yhmttc. flock-bed 

— de pail'e, straw bed 

— dc parade, bed of state 

— d' re|»o.'5, a couch 

— nuptial. W'dding-bfd 

— d<^ jnstii e, jndgmcnt-srm 

— d'lnge. hid vvd r a ca»opy 

— do cii'.ni,,Ji' Id-bed 

Lit a la ducliesse, raised tester- 

— a roulettes, truckle-bed [bed 

— en forme de garde-robe, a 

— en liousse, angd-bed 

— de sangles, horse-bed 

— de veilje, bed for a nurse 
Litanies, sf. pi. litany [story 
Longue liianie, long-winded 
Liteau, sm. a wolfs haunt 
Lileaux, sm. pi. blue streaks in 

Litharge, sf. litharge 
Liihologie, —logy 

Litiere, litter; sedan 

Litigant, e. a. s. litigant, suitor 

Litigc, s;n. a suit at Imo 

Litigieux, se. litigious 

Litispendance, sf. the duration of 
a law-suit 

Litron, sm a wooden measure 

Literaire, 2. a literary 

Lilieral, e. a. literal 

Litt6ralement, ad. literally 

Litlt rateur, sm. a great scholar 

Litlt^rature, sf. literature 

Liturgie, liturgy 

Livide, 2. a. livid, black and blue 

I.ivldil6, sf —dity 

Livraison, deliv^y of goods 

Liines, /. pi. lindivg ropes 

Livre, sm. a bo,>k 

Livre, sf. pound lirre (coin) 

h\\ree, licenj , se^rants ; board 
vcnges [rotiT 

LiviCe de la nf»ce, wedding fa 
Livrcr, ra. to dchrer up 

J?e livrer, or. to confide in 
T.,ivret. sm. a liltlt book 
Local, e. a. Inral, oj a place 
Locaiairo, .« lodge; , tenant 
Local if, ve of, or belonging to a 

Location, sf. a Ittting out 
Locli, sm. lois, v-ay of a ship 
Lochcr. vn. lo * be loose 
Locution, sf. —tion, phrase 
Lodjcr, sm. quilted counterpane 
Lody & venies, sm- pi. fines of 

hnf, .sm. loof of a ship 
Loaarithmc, logariUim [tic 

Loaiirithni-qui', 2. a logarithmr- 
IjO'if^. .'f. hut; c'll; hot; lodge 

Logeable, 2. a. tenantable 
Logenient, sm. lodgment; apart- 

Logette, sf. a small cottage; a 

little box 
Loger, V. to lodge, harbour; to 

Se loger, vr. to * take a lodging 
Logicien, sm. logician 
Logique, sf. logic 
Logis, sm. dwelLng, home; lodg- 
ing; inn 
Logiste, a legist, magistrate oj 

Logistique, sf. logistic, algebra 
Logogriphe, sm. rebus, riddle 
Logoniachie,s/. dispute on word. 
Loi, law; dtcree; dominion 
Loin, ad. far, far off 
Loin de, loin que, far from 
Loin H loin, at a great distance 
Loin d'ici, away, be gone 
Lointain, e. a. remote, far 
Loir, sm. a durmcns,'. 
Loisible, 2. a. lawful 
Loisir, *;/i. leisure; time 
Lok, ch'^ishing draught, dcctu 

Lomhaire, 2. a himbary 
Lombard, sm. a pawnbroker 
Lombc'S, sm. pi. the loins 
Long, longne, a. long; jrreat 
Long. sm. length, long, along 
Long-joint6, e o. long jointed 
Longanimit6, .«/. furhiarance 
Longe, loin; strap 
Loniier, va. to * go by the side ty' 

a place 
— de longue main, long ng» 
L-vngitudp, sf longitude 
Longitudinal, e. a. —vol 
Long-tem?, od a long wh-le 
Longuenu'iu, a t-ng ichiL- ; a 

long time 
LongJiet, te. a pretty long 
Ijonguenr, .^f. length, .-liiwues^ 
L<xpiaril6, .*/. eTrr<'siL'e talkck 

tiv nrS'-; loqunrify 
Loqu**, a rag, tatVr 
Lnqiiet. sm a litch 
LoquPfpnu, Ht'lr lafch 
Loqiietfux. -«<•. a. ragged 
Loqnotte. .of. littlr h.t 
Lorgner, ra. f" Ircr, to ogle 
l.orgr.erie, .-/. o^Hi t[ 





Lorgnette, a spying-^rla^s 

Lorgneur, se. s. an o<rler 

Lorioi, sm. loriot (a bird) 

Lors da, ad. at the time of 

Lorsque, c. when 

Losange, sf. a lozenge 

Lot, sill, lot; portion; prize 

Loterie, sf. a lottery 

JjOtiou, lotion; medicinal wash 

Lotir, vn. to divide into lots 

Lolissage, sin. distribution 

Lotissemeut, distribution 

Li)ti»seur, distributor 

L<Xte, sf. eel pout 

Louable, 2. a. laudable; com- 

Luuableiiieul, ad. laudably 
Loiiage, sin. hire; rent 
Louange, sf. praise 
Louanger, va. to trumpet; cry up 
Louaiigeur, sm. panegyrist; flat- 
Louciie, 2. a. squint-eyed, ambi- 
Loucher, vn. to squint 
LoiK.T, VII. to hire, * let; praise 
Loueiir, se. s. one who lets out; 

a flatterer 
Louis, sm. Lewis 
Louis U'or, a louis d'or 
Luup, wolf, ulcer, black mask 
Louji-gaiou, unsociable man 
L(»u|)-uiaiiii, base {sea flsh) 
Loup cervier, a lynx 
Loupf?, sf a wen, a knob of a tree, 

round magnifying glass 
Lourd, e, a heavy; dull; hard 
jjOurdtau,de. aujkward per- 
Lourdciueiil, ad. awkwardly; 

Loiiiderie, sf. a gross fault; a 

Louitluuf, heaviness, dulness 
Lourer, va. to join, unite 
Loutre, sm. an otter 
Louve, sf. a she-wolf; slings of 

a crane 
Louveleau,s/ wolfs cub; wedges 

of iron 
LnuveliT, vn. to whelp 
Louveterie, sf wolf-hunting 
tiOUvetier,sj«.tAe master of wolf 

hunters " 
JjQUViere, sf, the haunt of a wolf 

Louvoycr, va. to tack about 
Louvrt-, sm. palace in Paris; 

any magnificent house 
Loyal, e. a. loyal; just; market- 
Loyalemcnt, ad loyally 
Loyaute, sf. loyalty, fidelity 
Loyer, sm. rent; salary; reward 
Lubie, sf. crot^iet, whim 
Lubriciie, lubricity, lechery 
Lubrilier, va. to lubricate 
Lubrique, 2 a. lecherous 
Lubiiqueinent, ad. wantonly 
Lucarne, sf. dormer-window 
Lucide, ii. a. lucid, bright 
Lucifer, sm. J.ucifer 
Lucratif, ve. a. lucrative 
Lucre, sm. lucre, gain 
Luette, sf. uvula, palate 
Luette abattiie, palate down 
Lueur, a glimmer, faint light 
Lugubre, 2, a. doleful, sad 
Lugubreinent, ad. dolefully 
Lui, pr. him, her, to him, to her 
Lui-nieme, himself 
Luite, vn. to glitter, * shine 
Luisant, sm. the gloss of a stuff 
Vur luisant, glow-worm 
Luisaiile, sf a shining star 
LuuiicTc, light, touch-hole 
Luinignou,"s;n. snuff of a can- 
liUrninaire, luminary, light 
Iiuuiiiieux, se. a. luminous 
[iunaire, 2. a. lunar, luuary 
[^unairc, sf. lunary, moonwort 
liUiiaisdu, lunation 
Lunaiique, 2. a. s. lunatic 
Luiidi, sm. Jlonday 
Luiie, sf the moon, silver 
Lunette d'approche, perspective- 
glass, telescope 
Lunette a facettes, a multiply- 

liUiiette polyedre, magnifying- 

Lunette, merry-thought 
T.uuelles, pi speitaclrs 
Luiietlier, sm spectacle-maker 
Lupercales, sf. pi. —calia 
l^upiu, 5m. lupine 
Lustral, e. a every fifth year 
I^iust ration, .s/. —tion 
Lustre, .*/;/. lustre; gloss; sconce, 
lustrum, i. e. five years 

Lustrer, va. to give a gloss 
Lustreur, sm. a calender 
Lustrine, */. glossy silk stuff' 
Lut, sm. lute, or chemist's clay 
Lut ou Lutii, a lute 
Lulation, sf. —tion 
Luter, va. to lute, or cover with 

Luthee, a. like a late 
Luilieranisrae, sm. — nism 
Lutiierien, ne. s. Lutheran 
Lulliier, sm. a lute-maker 
Lutin, sm. a hobgoblin; a child 

full of tricks and noise 
Lutiner, va. to plague; to * make 

a great noise 
Luliin, sm. a rcadivg-desk 
Lutte, sf. wrestling, struggle 
Lultcr, vn. to wrestle, struggle 
Lutteur, sm. a wrestler 
Luxation, sf. disjointing 
Luxe, SHI. luxury 
Luxer, va. to * put out of joint 
Se luxer, va. to lutate, or * be 

out of joint 
Luxure, sf. lust 
Luxuriance, —ce, exuberance 
Luxurieux, se. a. lascivious li- 
Luzerne, sf. lucern; Spanish tre- 
foil [foil 
Luzurmercafidd sown with tre- 
Lyccc, sm. lyceum 
Lymi)liaii(iue, 2. of— tic 
Lyniplie, .«/ lymph 
Lynx, sm. lynx 
Lyre, sf. a lyre, or harp 
l^yrique, 2. a. lyric, lyrical 


MA, pro. f. my, mine 
Macaron, sm. macaroon 
MacariHii, macaroni 
Macaronique, 2. a. — romc 
IVlaceration, sf. —tion, mortifica- 
Mac6rcr, va. to mortify, * st^ep 
.Macbe, sf. corn-salad 
Macbeier, sm. dross of iron 
Dents niacliflieres, grinder 
Machenioiire, .«/ biscuit dust 
Maclitr,i'a to chew; to claw it off 
Macheur, s. great eater 



Macliiav6li.sinc, sm. duplicity, 

spirit of drspoti.-iiii 
Macliiaveliste, sm. a craftij man, 

a favourer nf tyranny 
Macliinal, e a. mechanical 
Macliiiiateur, sm. a plotter; con- 
Machination, sf. contrivance; 

plot; device 
Machine, mac/t/ne; engine; sly 

JIachincr, va. to devise; machi- 
nate; hatch 
Machiniste, sm. a machinist 
Maclioire, sf. the jaw; chops 
Machonner, vn. to mutter; * eat 

Machurer, va. to daub 
Macis, sm. mace 
Made, sf. water-chcsnut 
Macon, sm. a mason, bricklayer 
Maconnjige, masonry 
Maconner, va. to * build; wall 
vp a door ; to * do in a bung- 
lino- manner 
Maconncric, :/. masonry, hrick- 

Maaiue, tool to * break hemp 
Macquer, va. to * break hemp 
Macreiise, sf. sca-iiuck 
Maciilatiire, a made, a wasU 

sheet of printed paper 
Macule, a spot, a stain 
M.iciilcr, vn. tt> spot, to stain 
M.iflaine. sf. my lady, ladyship, 

madam, nii.itre.'is 
JMademois(-ll(», madam, miss 
Madre, e. a. sprddrd, sly 
Madreimro, sm sort of sca-pctri- 

Jird plant 
Madrier, a thick plank 
Madrinal, madriiral 
Madriaalet, little madrlnnl 
Madrtire, sf. speckle, spot; vein 
!Mai!Ie, ^. a. ctuh-chreked 
Ma^rasin, sm. mairazinc ; coach- 
bask rt; warehouse 
Masa-siiiage, hire of a warehouse 
Masasiner. va. to fill a wnrihonsr 
Maga-sinier, sm. warehouse-keep- 
er, or clerk 
MasTf, a wise man nmomr the 

Magici'.n, rt sorrcm, conjurer 


Magicienne,5/.fl witch; sorceress 
.M:iaie, magic, black art 
Magi(iue, 2. a. magic, conjuring 
.Magisme, sm. magistn 
Majiisier, country schoolmaster; 

Magistere, magistery ; grand 

mastership of an order 
Maiislral, e. a. imperious 
.Ma2istraleinent, ad. imperiously 
Magistral, sm. a magistrate 
Magisiraiure, sf- magistracy 
Magnanime, 2 a. magnanimous 
Magiianiiuement, ad. magnani- 
Magiiauiinit6, sf. — mity; great- 
ness of mind 
Magiie, Magnese, ou Magnfesie, 

magnesia, mineral stone 
Magntliqiie, a. magnetic 
Magn^tiser, va. to agitate the 

spirits and fancy 
Magneiisnie, sm. — tism 

Magnifier, va. to magnify 
Mairnifique, 2 a. magnificent 
>lagtiih(iueiT>ent, ad. rmbly 
.Magot, sm. baboon; uffly fellow; 

hoard; grotesque china 
Mahometan, ne. a. s. — tan 
Mahonieiisine, sm. — tism 
-Mai, J\tay, JStay-poU 
.Majt;st6, .«/. majesty 
MajesiueuiHJiaent, ad. nobly 
Majestiieux, se. a. majestic 
Majeur, i-. a. of age, senior 
Majeure, sf. major of a syllogism 
Maisre, 2. a. lean; thin; slight 
Maiirre, sm. the lean 
Maiffreler, te. a. leanish 
Maiirement, ad poorly 
Maicrcf. te, a. lean: thin 
M*iigr»Mir, .t/. Irannrss; lean 
Maigrir, vn. to ' grow lean 
Mail, sm. mallet, a mall 
Maille, sf. mesh, stitch, web in the 

eye: mail: haw 
Mniilean, sm. sort of mallet 
Mailler. v. to * make the meshes 
of a net; to arm with a coat of 
mail: * ^row .vp^ckleu; bud 
Maillft, sm. mallei 
Mailijcr. chain-maker [let 

MaJIItKhe, .■;/■ small wooden mal- 


Maillon, sm. sort of small ring 
Maillo'., swaddling clothes 
Main, sf. hand; trick at cards, 
tassel in a coach, pale; quire 
.Main cliaude, hot cockles 
Main levee, replevy 
Main niorte, mortmain 
Main d'oeuvre, workmanship 
.Main-}X)le, o lame hand 
V.n nn tuurncniain, in a trice 
.Maint, e. a many 
Maint li'ninie, many a man 
Maimefois, ad. oftentimes 
.Mainienant, ad. n-w 
.Maititenir, v. to maintain 
Se — , vr. to * keep up 
.Mainleiiu, e. a. maintained 
.Maintcnue, sf. a possession ad- 
judged upon a full trial 
Mainiien, sm. maintainance ; de- 
-Major, a major 
.Majordoine, majordomo 
.Majority, sf. majority of age 
.Maire, sm. a mayor 
Mairie, .«/. mayoralty 
Mais, sm. Indian or Turkey com 
.Mais, c. but 

iMaisoii, .^/ house, home, family 
Maisoii du roi, king's household 
.Maison do viile, town-house, 

— spigneuriale, mansion-hous 

— roWs'u'Ui'f, convent, monastery 

— de correciion, bridewdl 

— de sersent, spungincr-house 

— de plaisance, country-house 

— rusti(|ne, a farm 
Maisiinnee, sf. the whole family, 

■^laisonneite, a small house 
Mailre, sm. a master, owner 

— garcon. head journeyman 

— d'hotel, steward 

— dVcole, schoolmaster 

— ri danser, dancin tr-master 

— a clianter, music-master 
Pptit maitre", a fop 
.Mailre fripon, arrant knnv» 

— lioninip, a clever man 

— clf-rc, head clerk 

— alihoron, a busy body 

— a-itel, hiirh altar 
Mailresse, sf. mistress, sweet- 






Maitrcsse femme, a notable wo- 
— piece, chiff price [man 

Waitrise, //•(£(/«»{ of a company 
Waitriser, ?)a. io domineer; suL- 

Majuscule, sf. capital letter 
itlal, svi. evil^ ill, ache, disease, 

harm; sore; hurt; sickness; 

— d'enlant, labour 

— de mer, sca'siclcncss 

— d'aventuie, viischance; whit- 

— de dent5, tooth-ach 

— de l^le, head-ach 

— de gorge, sm. sore throat 

— d'ycux, sore eyes 

— contagieux, the plague 

— caduc, fjllinff sickness 
Mai, ad. badly, ill, not well 
Malade, 2. a. s. eick; ill; patient 
Maladie, sf. sickness; disease; 

Maladif, vc. a. sickly 
Maladrerie, 5/. lazaretto 
Mal-adresse, unskilfulness 
Mal-adroit, e. a. unhandy 
Mal-adroif,e' s. awkward person 
Maladroitement, ad. awkwardly 
Malaise, sf. trouble; state of 

Malaise, e. a. difficult, uneasy 

under misfortunes 
Malais^nient, ad. with much ado 
Mai a propos, unseasonably 

— aventure, sf. mischance 

— avis6, e. a. imprudent 
~ bati, e. ill-shaped; indisposed 

— content, o. a. dissatisfied 
Male, S7n. male, cock, he 
Male, 2. a. male; manly; viffor- 

Malobfite, 5. a bad person 
Malediction, s/. a curse 
Malefice, S7n. sorcery, witchcraft 
Mal6ficie, e. a. sickly; fascinated 
Rlalefique, 2. a. mvlignunt 
Malencontrc, sf. mischiif 
Malejicontreustinent, ad. unfor- 
Malcncoiitreux, i-e. a. unlviky 
Mal-on-point, ad. at an ill pass 
Mal-entcndn, sm. amistakc 
Malepestc, int. udsbuddil.ins 
Mnl-etre, sm. uneasiness 
Ml icvole, 3. malecolcnt 

Mal-faiie, vn. to * do ill 
Mal-faisant, e. a. mischievous, 

Mal-fait, e. a. ill made, or done; 

Malfaileur, sm.. malefactor 
Malfame, e. a. defamed 
Malgracieusemeiit, ad. rudely 
Malgracicux, se. a. clownish; 

awkward; ungenteel 
^la\gre, pr. in spite of, notwith- 
standing [bred 
Mal-liabile, 2. a. unskilful: ill- 
Mal-habilite, sf. want of parts; 

incapacity; ill-breeding 
Malheur, sm. mis fortune, ill 
Malheur, ad. wo to [luck 

Malheureux, se. a. unhappy; 

unlucky; pitiful 
Malheureux, sm. an unfortunate 

Malheureusement, ad. unhappi- 
Malhonnfite, 2. a. indecent; 

rude; dishonest 
Malhonn^tement, ad. dishomst- 

ly; rudely 
MalhonnStete, sf. rudeness; dis- 
Malice, malice, roguish trick 
Malicieusement, ad. maliciously 
Malicieux, se. a. mischievous 
Maligncment, ad. with an ill 

design; mischievously 
IVIalignilc, sf. malice, malignity 
Malin, igne, a. mischievous; un- 
lucky; hurtful; bad 
INIaliiie, sf. spring tides 
Ma line, Jhchline lace 
Malingre, 2. a. pining, sickly 
Mal-intentionn6, e.a. ill-affected 
Aialitorne, a. 3. awkward; un- 
Mal-jugc, sm. illegal decree 
Malle, sf. trunk, mail, box 
Jlalleabilite, malleablenesa 
iMalieable, 2. a. malleable 
Mall«;iier, sm. trunk-maker 
Mallctte, sf. little trunk; scrip 
IMalllcr, sm. a pack-horse 
Mal-nieiier, va. touse ill 
MaUttru, e. a. sad; vngaivly 
Malotru, sm sad, pitiful wretch 

Malpropre, a- sluttish; unfit 
Malpropreinent, ad. slovinly 
Malproprele, sf. dirtiness; sUh 

Malsain, e. a. sickly; unwholc* 

Mals6ant, e. a. unbecoming 
Malsonnant, e. a. ill-sounding; 

Malt, sm. malt 
MaltOte, sf. oppressive tax 
Maltotier, sm. tax-gatherer 
Maltraiter, va. to use ill; wron/* 
Malveillance, sf. ill-will; spite 
Mai vein ant, sm. malevolent 
Malversation, sf. misdemeanor 
Malvenser, vn. to inisbehave 
Malvoisie, sf. Malmsey wins 
Malvoulu, e. a. hated 
Mainan, sf. mamma 
Mamie, sweetheart; honey 
Mammelle, the breast, pap 
Mamnielon, sj«. a nipple 
Mamnielu, c. a. full-breasted 
M amour, love, dear 
Manant, sm. a. clown 
Manclic, handle, helve, haft 
— k balai, broom stick 
Manche, sf. a sleeve 
LaManche, the English Channel 
Manchette sf. a ruffle 
Manchon, sm. muff 
Manchot, e. a. maimed, lame 
Mandarin, sm. a mandarine 
Mandat, mandamus, bill 
Mandatairo, sm. a proxy 
Mandoment, order, mandate 
Mander, va. to * write word 
Mandcr quclqu'un, to send far 
Mandille, sf. footman's great 

Mandoline, a smull guita 
Mandore, mandore; lute 
Maiidragore, mandrake 
Manducable, 2. a. eatable 
Manducation, sf. tinn; eat- 
Manege, sm. managing a liorse; 

riding- ho rsr; in t r igu e 
Mines, ///. shade, ghnst, manes 
Manccable, 2. a. ratable 
Maneeaille, sf. food, victuals 
Manpcoire, a manger 
I Manger, va to rat; diet 

Majicignc, a sloven 

Malplai.'^ant, e. a. disa^rrecablo ' Manger,, mcatf eating 





Muiigerie, sf. eating; exaction 
iSlaiigeur, sc. a. eater 
Maiiiabie, 2. a. supple; tracta- 

Mauiaque, 2. a. sm. maviac, mad 
.Maiiicles, sf. pi. hand-fetters 
Maiiie, sf. madiicss; excessive 

fonlttess [nage 

Mauler, va. to handle; to ma- 
Mariie, e. a. eligant^ {of words 

and phrases) 
Maiiit-iiieiit, sm. feeling; hand- 
ling; management 
Manjere, sf. manner; way; style 
De niaiiiei'e (jue, so that 
Miuner*iS,pl.carriage; behaviour 
iNJaiiiere, e. a. affected 
Maiiieriste, sm. an affected 

Rlanilesiation, sf. —tion 
Mauifeote, 2. a. manifest, clear 
Maifeste, sm. manifesto 
Mauifesteiiioiil, ad. clearly 
Manilesier, va. to declare 
Se iiianilesler, vr. to*sfww one's 

Maiii^ance, sf. sly dealings 
Mariigancer, va. to brew, to plot 
Maiiille, 5/. Mandla 
Manioc, #?«. yucca root 
Maiiipuie, maniple; h.milful 
Manipulaiioa, sf. —t'on 
Maiiique, a liand-lfuther 
ftlauiveaii, *■«. a fish-basket 
Maiiivrtilt', sf. handle; ruunce 
Maiiiif, manna; coider; cradle; 

Maiirieqwi'i, sm. a hamper 
Manoeuvn.-, sf tac/dnig of a 

ship: motion; /procedure 
Maiiifiivrer. vn. to work a ship; 

I; plot 

M.irupiivrer. sui. skilful seaman 
Ma:ii»ir, mniLiiiiifhoase, munur 
>'aM!iMii:i, .*/'/. a Korkmnn 
Ma-i.:iic. .»/ w .ut, luck 
MiKKIllC de, ad. for tcunt nf 
Mn!:i|iit'iiieiil, sni. fault, slip 
Mamjiiein.'Mil de paiolu, thi 

br-ach of one's word 
Maiiquer, ra. fail; miss; * di 

amiss; want; * fall short;' 

he mi.tsing 
Mansards, .«/. roof of a house 
MaiisuOtiide. gentleness 

Mante, mourning mantle, or veil 
Manteau, snC. a cloak, mantua; 

Manlele, e. a. mantled 
Mantelet, sm. mantlet; capu- 
chin; mantle; pent house 
Manieline, sf. riding-hood 
Manuel, le. a. manual 
Manuel, sm. a manual 
Manuelieinent, ad. manually 
Manufacture, sf. — ture 
Manufacturer, va. to manufac- 
ture [turer 
Manufacturier, sm. manufac 
Manumission, sf. — sion 
Manuscrit, sni. a manuscript 
MawiiteiUwu , sf. preserving, up- 
Mappenionde, 5/. a map of the 

Maqucreau, sm. a mackerel 
Maquereaux, pi. spots on the 

legs by fire 
Maquii;non, sm. jockey 
Maquignonnage, jockeyship; in- 
Maquignonner un cheva), va. to 

fit a hursefor sale 
Maquignonner, to play the part 

of a broker 
Maijuiilcur, sm. a mackerel-boat 
Marabout, Mahometan priest; 

ugly fellow 
Marais, marsh; swamp; garden 

Marais salans, pi. salt-pans 
Marjujuie, sm. marasmus 
Maraire, sf. a step-mother; a 

cruel mother 
Maraud, sm. rascal, villain 
MarauJaille, sf. "ascals 
Maraude, 7a<Ze; marauding 
Marauder, vn. to * go amaraud- 

ing, or rubbing 
Maraudeur, sm. a marauder 
Maravedis, — dis, little Spanish 

Marbrc, sin. marble 
Mar brer, va. to marble, vein 
Marbreur, sm. paper- marbler 
Mai brier, marble-cutter 
Marbrure, sf. murbling 
^Imc, sm. eight ouncis; htisks; 

Marcaige, sm. tax on sea-fish 

Marcassin, yo((??o- ;fi7(i boar 
Marcassite, sf. marcasite stone 
Marcliand, e. a. merchantable; 

trading; navigable 
Marcliand, sm. a merchant; 

dealer, chapman 
Marchand en gros, a wholesale 

dealer [dealer 

Marcliand en detail, a retail 
Marchand libraiie, bookseller 
Marchand de sole, silkman 
Marchand de toile, linen-draper 
Marchand drapier, a woollen' 

Marchande, sf. merchant's wife; 

a trading woman 

— de modes, milliner, 
Marchand d'herbes, greengrocer 
Marchander, va. t« cheapen, 

Marchandeur, se. s. cheapener 

Marchandise, sf. merchandise; 

goods, ware 
Marche, march; way; step 
Marches, /^Z. marches, limits 
Marclie, sm. market; bargain 

— au pain, bread-market 

— aa.\ herbes, herb-markit 

— aux ffouies, poultry- market 

— an foin, hay-market 
Marchepiid, sm. footstool; foot' 

Marcher, vn. to walk; march; 

* go; rank; * tread 
Ma.cher droit, to * be honest, to 

behave well 
Marcher, sm. gait; way of 

Marcheui, ee. .« a walker 
Marcotte, sf. layer; shoot; sprig 
Marcotier, va. to * set shoots 
Maidi, sm. Tuesday 
Mardi-gras, Shrove- Tuesday 
Mare, ^. a pound; meer; pool 
Marcciige, sm. marsh, swamp 
I Marecageux, se. a. marshy, 


Mar6chal, sm. farrier; vior' 

I shal [mastei 

j Mar6clial des logis, a quartet 

I Marechal de camp, adjutant 

i general 
Marechalat, sm. marshal-hip 
Maruclialcrie, sf. fairier-trada 





Marechaii9s6e, viarshaL^hip 
Maree, tile; fresh sea-fish 
Margajat, sni. urchin., brat 
Marge, sf. margin 
Margelle, briia of a well 
Marginal, e. a. marginal 
Margot, sf. Pc^jy; mi'jp' 
Margouillis, 5/ft. a paddle 
Margrave, margrave 
Margraviat, margraoiate 
Marguerite, sf. daisy; pearl 
Marguillerie, churchwardenship 
Marguillier, sm. a churchwarden 
Mari, a husband, spouse 
Mariable, 2. a. marriageable 
Mariage, sm. marriage, wedlock; 

Marie graillon, sf. a slut 
Marier, va. to marry; join 
So marier, vr. to marry 
Marieur, se. s. watch-maker 
Marin, e. a. belonging to the sea 
Marin, sm. a seaman 
Marinade, sf. pickle 
Marine, naoy; naoigation; ma- 
rine; sea-affairs; beach; sea 
Mariner, vn. to pickle; souse 
Maririgouin, sm. a muscketo 
Marinier, mariner, seaman 
Marjolaine, sf. marjora.n 
Marjolet, sm a fop 
Marion, sf. Polly 
Marionette, a puppet; a little 

Marital, e. a. matrimonial 
Maritaleinent, ad. like a husband 
Maritime, a. maritime 
Maritorne, sf. a clumsy woman 
Marie, &c. vid. Marno 
Marmaille, sf. brats 
Marmetaue, marmalade, jelly of 

bois unrinetitean, sm. orna- 
mental trees 
Marmite, sf. porridge-pot, kettle 
Marmiteux, se. a. whining 
Marmiton, sm. a sculliun 
Mtirmonner, u. to mutter 
Marmot, sm. a kind of monkey; 

a puppet; a brat 
Marmotte, sf. a mountain-rat 
Marmotter, va. to mutter 
Marmouset; sm. of a grotcsqw 
fi.'^ure; marmoset 

Marne, sf. marl, clay 
Marner, on. to marl, manure 
Marniere, sf. a marl-pit 
Maroquiii, sm. Turkey, .Spanish, 

Russia, Morocco leather 
Maroqiiiner, va. to counterfeit 

Turkey leather, I'Jc. 
Maroquinerie, sf. art of making 

the above leather 
Maroquinier, sm. Turkey lea- 
Marotique, 2. a. Hudibrastic 
Marotte, sf. whim; hobbyhorse; 

fuoV ■ bauble 
Marouho', sm. scoundrel, booby 
Marque, sf. mark; token; print; 
mole; spot; note; proof; 
Marquer, va. to mark; score; 

signify; * show; * tell 
Marqueter, to speckle; inlay 
Marqueterie, sf. inlaid work 
Marquear, se. a marker 
Marquis, sm. a marquis 
Marquisat, inarquisate 
Marquise, sf. marchioness, tilt 

over a tent 
Marraine, a godmother 
Marri, e. a. sorry, concerned 
Marron, sm. large chesnut; 
buckle of hair; riding wig- 
box; a runaway slave.; a work 
printed clandestinely; sort of 
Marron (ITnde, horse chesnut 
Marronner, va. to curl in great 

Marroiinier, sm. large chesnul- 

Marronnior d'Inde, horse ches- 
nut- tree 
Marronnier, a sledge-driver on 

the jJlp>; 
Mars, J\lirch; Mars 
Marsouin, porpoi.'<e, sea-hog 
Martagon, mountain lily 
Marti'au, hammer, knocker 
M artel, an.c/i.-iiiie.'is 
M;irt»;Ia'je, mark sit on trees for 

Martelet.'S, .</. pi. dung of fal- 
Marteler, va. to hammer; * vex 
Marlelet, sm. little hammer 
Marteleur, /wrcmaii in a forge 

Martial, e. a. martiaL, u/urlike 
Martin sec, sm. stony kind of 

Martin, or mattinet-pecheur, 

king's fisher 
Martinet, flat candlestick; a 
mill hammer; a cat o'nine 
tails; a kind of swallow 
Martingale, sf. martingale 
Martre, marten, inarten-akin 
Martre zibeliue, a sable 
Martyr, e. 5. a martyr 
Martyre, sm. martyrdom; suf- 
Martyriser, va. to torture 
Martyrologo, sm. — logy 
Martyrologiste, —logist 
Mascarade, sf. masquerade 
Mascaret, sm. eddy of loater 
Mascaron, a grotesque head 
Masculin, e. a. masculine, male 
Masculinite, sf. viasculinenesSf 
boldness • 

Masque, sm. a mask; a masqu9' 

rader; s/. ,in ugly witch 
Masque, e. a. ma.iked, counter' 

fcii; dissembling 
Masquer, vn. to * mask; to clothe 
Se — , vr. to * put a mask on 
Massacre, sm. ma.isacrc; bungler 
Massacrer, va. massacre; bungle 
Massacreur, sm. bungler; mar- 

Masse, sf. mass; stock; mjiXlet; 

mace; bullion; club 
Massopain, sm. sweet-cake 
Masser, va. to stake 
Massicot, sm. yellow colour 
Massier, mace-bearer 
Massil", ve. a. massy; heavy; 

Massif, sm. masonry work 
Massiveinetit, al. heavily; dvUhf 
Massue, sf. a club; mace 
Mastic, sm mastich 
Masticali'Mi, sf. chcioing 
Masticatoire, sm. — tory 
Mastiqiier, iia. to cement toith 

Masulipatan, sm. fine India* 

Masiire, sf. the ruins of a houeef 

a paltry house 
Mat, te. a. unwrought; heaof 
EJcIjcc et mat, check-mate 





Mat, sm. a mast 
Matage, masting 
Matador, matadore 
Matamore, a bully 
Matelas, mattress; icad 
Matelasser, va. to quilt; read 
Matelassier, sm. quilt-maker 
Matelot, sailor; consort-ship 
Maielotage, a sailor's pay 
Matelote, sf. hotch-potch of seve- 
ral sorts offsh 
Mater, va. to mate; subdue; 

MAter. va. to mast 
Materialisme, sm. — lism 
MateriaMste, sn. —lisl 
Mat6ria!ite, sf. —lily 
MateriauY, materials 
Materiel, le. a. material; lump. 

ish; dull; heavy 
Materielleinent, ad. — rially 
Maternel, le. a. maternal 
Mateniellement, ad. motherly 
Maternit6,.s'/. —nity, motherhood 
Mfitcur, stn. a mast maker 
Matlieinaticien, —tician 
MatliKmatiqtu^. .</. pi. — tics 
Math(iniatii|iie, -2. a. —cal 
Mathematiqiieijient, ad. — cally 
Matif're, sf. matter, subject 
I^Iaiin, sm. i^- aJ. momins- 
Matin, a masfij": mean fellow 
Matiiial, e. a. an early riser 
Matine, sf. a she mastiff 
Matini an. sm. a little mastiff 
Matinee, .«/. forenoon 
Matiner, va. to abtufe 
Matiiics, sf pi. matins 
Matincux, se. o. early riser 
Matois, e. a. s. cunning; sharp; 

'a sharper 
Matoiserie, sf. cunning trick 
Matou, sm. a male cat 
Matra-i, a matrass; vial 
Matricaire, sf. mothcncort 
Matrice, matrix; womb; mother 
Matriciilaire, sm. member of a 

Matricule, sf. register 
Matrimoniai, e. a. —nial 
Matrone, sf. matron, lady 
Matir, to * make unpolished 
Matoir, sm. chisel, scraper 
Mdture, sf. masting, masts of a 

Maturity, ripeness 
.Maiulire, va. to * cu^se 
.Maudisson, sm. a curse 
Maudit, e. a. s. cursed, accursed 
Maugreer, va. to * curse 
Mausolee, sm. mausoleum, tomb 
Maussade, 2. a. slovenly, clumsy 
Maufsadement, ad. nastily 
.Mau^aderie, sf. slovenliness 
MauVais, e. a. bad, evil, ill 
Mauwis, sm. bad 
Mauvais, ad. bad, ill 
Mauve, sf. mallows 
Mauviette, a kind of lark 
Mauvis, sm. inauvis; thr sh 
Manx, evils, pi. of nial 
(Maxiiiaire, 2. a. maxillary 
Maximo, sf. maxim, axiom 
Maximum, sm. the highest point; 
greatest price [play 

Mazette, sf. a tit; a novice at 
.Me, pro. me; to me 
Mecliamment, ad. wickedly 
M6chanceie, sf. wickedness 

wicked action 
M^chanicien, sm. a mechanician 
Mechanique, sf. mechanic 
Jleclianique, a. mechanic; sor- 
Mechani(iuenient, ad. — nically; 

Mechanisuie, sm. — nism 
Mediant, e. a. wicked, bad, pall- 
Meclie, sf. wick; match; tinder 
•MecJief, sm. mischance (old) 
Mecher, va. to vapour a cask 

with brimstone 
Mcconipte, sm. misreckoning 
Se mecompter, vr. to misrcckon, 

to blunder 
M6coniuni, sm. juice of poppy 
Meconnoissable, 2. c. not to be * 

known again 
M^connoissance, sf. ingratitude 
Meconnoissant, c. a. unthankful 
Meconnoitre, vr. to *forgct; not 

to * know; to disown 
Se — , vr. to forget one's self 
.Mecontent, e. a. dissatisfied 
.Mecontentement, sm. discontent, 

M6contenter, va. to displease 
.Mticr6ant, sm. a miscreant, a 
villain, an infidel 

.Mficroire, va. to disbelieve 
.Medaiiie, sf. a medal 
Medaillier, sm. cabinet of medals 
-Medailliste, medallist, antiquary 
Medallion, a medallion 
Mt'decin, a physician 
Medecine, sf. physic, purge 
Medeciner, va. to physic 
Mediane, ./. median vein 
.M6dianoche, sm. midnight r^ 

^fediat, e. a. viediate 
.Mediatement, ad. by means 
.Mediateur, sm. a mediator 
Mediation, sf. mediation 
Mediatrice, a mediatrix 
Medical, e. a. medical 
Medicament, sm. —ment, medi- 
Medicamentaire, 2. a. physical 
Medicanienter, va. to physic 
M6dicanienteux, se. a. medicinal 
Medicinal, e. a. medicinal 
Mediocre, 2. a. middling; mode- 
M6diocrement, ad. indifferently 

so so 
M6diocrit6, sf. mediocrity, me- 
Medire, va. to * speak e^il; rail; 

revile; slander 
M6disance, .■?/. evil-speaking 
Medisant, e. a. s. evil speaker; 

slanderer; slandering 
M6dilaiif, ve. a. — tive 
Meditation, sf. — tion 
M6diter, va. to meditate, * think 
Mediterraniie, sf. —nean 
.M6diuni, sm. medium, middle 
Medullaire, 2. a. medullar 
Mefaire, vn. to * misdo 
M6fait, sm. misdeed 
M6fiance, sf. mistrust, suspicion 
M6fiant, e. a. mistrustful 
Se m6fier, vr. to mistrv-^t 
Megere, .</• bitter scold, shrew 
M6gie, tawing of a skin 
Megisserie, tawing 
.M6gis6ier, sm. a tawer 
Meillcur, e. a. better 
M61ancolie, sf. melancholy; »a* 

M61ancolique, 2. a. s. melanekolf 
M61ancoliquement, ad. with me- 





Mtiiaiigf, sm. viixtnrc, medley 
■Miilatiger, jm. to mingle; blend 
iMuiasse, sf. molisses 
Meiee, the thick of a figkt; 

fray, or debate 
Rlijler, va. to mix-, blend; shuffle 
— uue serruie, spoil a lock 
Se tneicrde, to viaddle, to * be 

concerned in 
Melisse, sf. balm., mint 
Melortie, melody 

Mclndiouscinniit, ad. melodiously 
Rlelodieux, se. melodious 
Melon, sm. a melon 
Meloiiiiier, one who sells melons 
Meloniii'he, sf. a melon-bed 
Membrane, membrane 
Memliraneux, se. a membranous 
Membre, sm. member; limb) 

joint; moulding 
Membrn, e. a. stout 
Menibnire, sf. a panncl-square; 

cord for measuring icood 
Meine, a. same; self; itself 
Mftme, ad. even, very; also 
Mftmeiuent, likewise 
M6mento, sm. a memento 
M6moire, sf. memory 
M6moire, sm. memorandum^ 

note; bill 
Menioires, sm. pi. memoirs 
Mtjinorabie, 2. a. memorable 
M6moralif, ve. a remembering 
Menioiial, sm. a memorial; a 

waste book 
M6nioiialiste, — list 
Mt;nacant, o. /i. threatening 
Menace, sf. threat 
Menacer, va. to threaten.; huff 
MenacLMir, sm. a tkre/Ucner 
Monado, sf. a bacchanal 
Mcna.^e,s m. housekeeping, house- 
hold, family; goods ;husbandry 
Menagenicnt, sm. regard; con- 
duct; discrttion 
M6nager, va. to husband; ma- 
nage; * be trndrr of; procure; 
contrinc; conduct 
Se menuger, vr. to * make much 
of one's self; to * Keep fair 
Manager, e. *. thrifty house- 
Mfenagi're, sf. housewife, house- 
keeper; case for needles 

M6 nagerie, place for keeping fo- 
reign birds or beasts; a poul- 
Memliant, e. a. s. a beggar 
Mendicitt^, sf. beggary 
Mendier, va. tu beg 
Men<ic, sf. underhand device; 

iMener, va. to * lead; * drive; 

head; amuse; carry; * bring 
Menetrier, sm. a fiddler 
Meneur, genllcman'usher; part- 
ner; driver 
Menin, aminion; attendant 
Menotte, sf. a Lttie hand 
Menottes, pi. handcuffs 
Mense, sf. income; stock 
Mensole, key-stone of a vault 
Monsonge, sm. lie; illusion 
Mensongor, e. a. illusory; false 
Menstruel, le. a. menstrual 
Mcnstrue, sm. menstruum 
Menslrues,/. pi. menses 
Menstrueux, se. a. menstruous 
Mental, e. a. mental 
Mentalenient, ad. mentally 
Menteiie, sf. a fib, a lie 
Menleur, se. a. s. lying; liar 
Menthe, sf. mint 
Mention, mention; naming 
Mentionner, va. to mention 
Mentir, vn. to * lie, to fib 
Menton, vn. the chin 
Mentonniere, sf. chin- cloth 
Menu, e. a. slender, small, thin 
Mt-imho\s,sm. brushwood; bavin 
Menus plaisir?, pi. privy purse 
Menus droits, ;;/ hounds fees 
Menu peuple, sm. vulgar, mob 
Menus grains, pi. oats, barley, 

pease, vetch, ^^c. 
Mcnue nionnuie, sf. copper mo- 
Menu, sm. bill of fare, bill of 

parcels; small linen 
Menuet, a minuet 
Menniser, va. to work in joinery 
Menuiserie, sf. joinery 
Menuisier, sm. joiner 
Sc m6prendre, vr. to * mistake 
Mepris, sm. contempt, scorn 
Mepris, e. a. ynistakcn 
M6prisable, 2. a. contemptible 
M6prisableinent, ad. contempti-\ 
bly I 

Meprisant, e. a. disdainful 
Mfi prise, sf. a mistake, blunder 
Mepriser, va. to despise 
>[er, sf. the sea 
Mercantille, small trade 
Meicenaire, 2. a. s. mercenary; 

a hireling 
Mercenaireinent, ad. mercenari- 
Mercerie, sf. mercery 
Mercerot, sm. pedler, hawker 
Merci, sf. mercy; pity; power 
Mercier, e. ^. a haberdasher, 

Mercredi, sm. Wednesday 
Mercure, Mercury 
Mercuriale, sf. a reprimand 
Mercuriel, le. mercurial 
3rere, sf. mother, dam 
Meridien, sm. the mei-idiam 
Meridian, ne. a. meridian 
Meridienn^/. nap after dinner 
Meridional, e. a. southerly 
M^rise, sf. tart kind of cherry 
Merisier, sm. small cherry-tree 
M6rite, merit, desert, worth 
M6riter, va. to deserve; procure 
Meritoire. 2. a. meritorious 
Meritoirement, ad. meritoriously 
Merlan, sm. a tchiting 
Merle, blackbird 
Un fin Merle, a cunning fellow 
Merlesse, sf. hen blackbird 
Merler, sm. battlement 
Merlette, .•*/. a marlet 
Merlin, sm. conjurer 
Merluclie, .?/. stockfish 
Merrain, sm. ship-timber 
Merveille, sf. wonder, marvel 
Merveitluusement, ad. wondei^ 

Mervcilleux, se. a. wondeiful, 

strange, admirable 
Mcrveilleux, sm. marvellous 
Mes, pro. pi. my 
M6saise, sm. trouble 

rt/it's self 
Mcsallier, va. to undermatch 
Se mdsallier, vr. to marry below 

one s self 
M6sange, sf. a tom-tit 
Mesarriver, vn. to * come to any 

harm; to succeed ill 
M6saventure, sf. mischance 





Mesdaines, pi. I lUics 
Mesoiit(>re, sm. mcjintfri/ 
iMeseriterUjiie, 2. a —Or-e 
Mesentiiinr, ca. to disn-^rard, to 

Jlcsiiiielliseiice, gf. misurdcr- 

MesoflTrir, po. to * tuiderbid 
Mesqnin, sin. a nigsrardly man 
Mes<iuiue, sf. niir^ardli/ icoman 
Mes«|iiin, e. a. niggardly 
Mesqiiinement, nd. sordidly 
Mes(iuineric, sf. stinginess 
Mi'ssage, sm. mc^'sage, errand 
Messager, e. s. messenger; a car- 
rier; a penny-postman 
Menagerie, 5/. the post-house 
Messe, a mass 
Slesseance, ind-cency 
Messeant, e. a. unbecoming 
Messeigiieiirs, my lonls 
Messeoir, vn. not tq^iii 
Messie, sm. J\lrssiaK 
Messier, keeper of vineyards 
Messieurs, grntlemcn, sirs j 

Me^sire^ title of honour, sir ! 

Mestre cle camp, a colonel ' 

Mesurable, 2. a. measurable 
Mesurage, sm. measurement 
Mesure, sf. measure, time, size, 

metre j 

Mesure, e. a. circumspect 
Mesarer, ineasure, to weigh, 

to proportion I 

Se niesurer avec, to enter into 

composition with 
Mesiireur, sm. measurer, meter 
Mesuser, vn. to misuse, abuse 
Mesvendrc, va. to * sell under 

Mesveiite, sf. sale with loss 
Melairie, a farm 
Metal, sm. metal 
M^taHi(iue,2. a. —lie 
Melallurgir, .<?/. metdlur^j 
Metallurgiste, *7«. metallist 
M6tamorptiose, .«/. — phasic 
Bletaniorplioser, vr. to metamor- 
Se — , rr. to transform one's self 
M6taphore, sf. — phor 
Mttapliorique, 2. a. — rical 
Mt^taphoriquement, ad. meta- 
M^taphysicien, — ciaii 

Mitaphysiqup, .<?/. — sics I 

.Nieiaphysique, 2. a. —sical; ab- 

.Metaphysiqiieineiit, ad. — sically 
.Metayer, sm. a fanner 
Meiayere, sf. a-fantier's wife 
.Meleil, sm. meslin; brown 
.Meienipsycliose, sf. — chosis 
Meteore, sm. a meteor 
Meteorologie, sf. — logy 
.V16teorologiq(ie, 2. a. --gical; 

Meiliode, sf. method; way 
iMethodique, 2. a. — dical 
Methodiqiicmen., ad. —cally 
.Metiiodisle, sm. methodist 
Metier, trade: loom; frame 
Metif, ve. M^tis a. s. mongrel 
.Melives, karrest-time 
.Melivicr, e. s. a reaper 
Metoposcopie, sf. —copy 
.Metre, sm. metre 
Metrique, 2. a. — trical 
.Metromaiiie, sf. a violent desire 

of making verses 
.Metropole, —polis; mother-city, 

Metropolitain, e. a. archiepisco- 

Mets, sm. mess; dish 
Meltable, 2. a, wearable.; pass- 
Metteur en ceiivre, stone-setter 
.Mfltre, ca. to * put; * set; * lay 
Meuble, sm. household goods, 

Meiihle, a. s. moveable 
Meiibler, va. to furnish 
M6vendre, to * undersell 
M6veiite, sf. underselling 
Meiiiilenieiit, sm. bellowing 
.Meugler, vn. to I6w, bellow 
Meiilo, .<?/. millstone, grindstone 
Meiile de foiii, a hay-cock 
Meule de paille, stack of straw 
.Meiile, burr of a deer's head 
Meuliere, millstone quarry 
Mcimit^r, sm. miller; pollard 
>ieuiiiere, .«/. miller s wife 
Mourtre, sm. murder 
Meurtrier, e. a.murdrrous 
.Meiirtrier, e. .«. a murderer 
Meurtriere, sf. a loop-hole 
Meurtrir, ca. to bruise 
Meurtrissiire, sf. a bruise 

Mfiifo, pack of hounds 
Mez/.o-tiiitn, sm. mezzotinto 
.Mi, half, middle 
Mi-.-Vout, .*/. middle of August 
.Mi-careine, mid-lent 
.Miaulant, e. a. mewing 
Miauletnent, sm. mewing 
Miauler, vn. to mew, caterwaul 
.Miclie, sf. manchet, loaf 
Micmac, sm. intrigue, plot 
Micote, .*/. bending of a hill 
Microcosine, sm. microcosm 
Micrometre, micrometer 
Microscope, microscope, magni- 

.Microscopiqiio, 2. a. —pic 
Midi, sm. noon, south 
Mie, sf. a crumb; nurse 
M'el, sm. honey 
M\e\3il, hone y-d- id 
Mielleux, se. a. luscious 
Mien, ne. pro. mine, my oicn 
Miette, sf. little crumb, little hit 
Mievre, 2. a. unlucky, roguish 
Mievrerie, sf. a prank 
Mieu.t, ad. better, rather, best 
Mignard, e. a. pretty, nice, deli- 
Mignardement, ad. nicely, ten- 
Mignardcr, va. to cocker; to fojt- 
die [tures 

Mignardise, .<r/. delicacy of fca- 
Migiiardise, China pink 
Mignardises, pi. beauties; deli- 
cacy of features; style; en- 
Mignon, ne. a. delicate pretty 
Mignon, ne. s. a darling, a fa- 
Mignonemcnt, ad. delicately, cU%. 

.Mignonnelte, sf. minionctte 
Mignolter, ra. to fondle 
Migraine, .*/. megrim; hcad-acJie 
Migration, — lion, pa-^sage 
Mijaiiree, affected woman 
Mijoter, va. to boil gently; tt, 

fondle, vamper 
Mil, sm. millet 
.Milan, a kite, gurnard 
Milicf, .*/. militia, soldiery 
Milicion, sm. militia-man 
Milieu, middle, medium; tcmp^ 
Militairo,/. a. s. military 





flilitaircmeiit, ad. —tarily 
Miliunte,/. a. militant 
Mililer, va. to militate 
Mille, oit mil, sm. thousand; a 

Millefeuille, sf. milfoil; nose 

Mille-fois, ad. often 
Mill^naire, 2. a. s. millenary 
Millesime, sm. tke date of coin 

or medal 
Millet, millet 
Milliaire, 2. a miliary 
'■"fiUiard, sm. thousand millions 
Milliasse, sf. world, thousands 

of thousan'ls 
Millieine, 2. a. thousandth 
Mi.iier, sm. a thousand 
Millioa, a million 
Millionaire, averyrichman 
Milord, a lord 
Mime, /arce; buffoon 
Miiiage, measuring of corn by 

th '. mine; fee thereof 
Mitiauder, vn. to prim it 
lilinii\iderie,sf.p rimming; affect- 
ed nicety 
Minaudier, e. s. a prim man or 

Mince, 2. a. thin, slender, small 
Mine. sf. a mien, pretence; show; 

looks; mine; ore 

de piomb, black lead 

Miner, va. to undermine; prey 

Min6ral, sm. a mineral; ore 
Mineral, e. a. mineral 
Mineralogie, sf. —logy 
Mintiralogiste, sm. —logist 
Min6i-alogue, mineralist 
Minerve, sf. Minerva 
Minet, te. s.puss, kitten 
Mineur, sm. a miner 
Mineur, e. a. s. minor, under age 
Miniateur, sm. aminiature-pain- 
Miniature, sf. miniature [ter 

Miniere, 5/. mine 
Minime, sm. sort of monk; dun 

Ministere, office; agency; minis- 
try; ministers 
Minist6riel, le. a. — terial 
Ministre, sm. minister, parson 


Minium, minium; red paint 
Minois, look, face 
Minon, a puss, kitten 
Minority, sf. —rity, non-age 
Minot, sm. half a mine, three 

Minotaure, sm. minotaurus 
Minuit, midnight 
Minuscule, sf. small letter 
Minute, minute; small writing 
Minuter, va. to * make a rough 

draught; to propose 
Minutie, sf. trifle, minuteness 
Minutieux, se. a. trifling 
Mi-parti, e. a. divided into two 
Miquelets, sm. pi. banditti 
Miquelot, sm. a young begging 

Mirabelle, sf. a sort of plum 
Miracle, sm. miracle, wonder 
Miraculeusement, ad. wonder- 
fully, miraculously 
Miraculeux, se. a. miraculous; 

Mirauder, va, to gaze 
Mire, sf. aim of a. gum 
Mirer, vn. to aim; look at 
Se mirer, vr. to view one's self 
in a glass [man 

Mirmidon, sm. conceited little 
Miroir, louking-gla^, mirror 
^liroller'uifSf. looking- glass trade 
Miroitier, sm. a looking-glass 

seller or maker 
Miroton, sm. kind of hashed 


Misaine, sf. foremast; foresail 
Misantlirope, s. misanthrope, 

Misantliropie, 5/. — Ihropy 
Miscellan6e, sm. miscellany 
Miscible, 2. a. miscible 
Mise, sf. disbursement; current 
Miserable, 2. a. miserable; wick- 
ed; worthless 
Mis6rabieinent, ad.—bly 
Misere, sf. misery, calamity 
Misertire, sm. a twisting in the 

bowels; moment 
Misericordo, sf. mercy, pity 
Misericorde: int. bless me! 
Mis^ricordieusement, ad. merci- 
Mis6ricordieux, se. a. compas- 
sionate, merciful 

Missel, sm. mass-book 
Mission, sf. mission 
Missionnaire, sm. missionary 
Missive, a. (lettre,) sf. epistle 
Mitaine, sf. a mitten.~De Von- 
guent miton-niiiaine, uselest 

Mite, a mite; cheese-mite 
Mitliridate, sm. mithridate 
Mitigation, sf. —tion, abatement 
Mitiger, va. to mitigate 
Mlton, sm. furrowed glove 
Mitonner, v. to * let soak; fondle 

— quelqu'un, to humour one 

— une atfaire, to * let a busines 

Mitoyen, ne. a. middle 
Mur-mitoyen, partition-wall 
Mitraille, sf. iron,ot brass 

Mitre, sf. mitre; bauble 
Mitre, e. a. mitred 
Mitron, sm. journeyman-baker 
Mixta, 2. a. mixed, mixt 
Mixte, sm. a mixt body 
Mixtion, sf. mixture 
Mixtionner, va. to * mix 
Mobile, 2. a. moveable, fickle 
Mobile, sm. mobile, or mover 
Mobilier, e. a. moveable 
Mobilite,s/. —lity, moveableness 
Moca, sm. best coffee 
Mode, sf. mode, fashion, way 
Mode, sm. modality; modvdation; 

Modele, sm. model 
Modeler, va. to model 
Alod6rateur, sm. a president 
Moderation, sf. moderation; a- 

Mod6r6, c. a. moderate; abated 

Moderement, ad. soberly 

Mod6rer, va. to moderate; re- 
press; abate; lessen [self 

Se modtirer, vr. to refrain one's 

Moderne, 2. a. modern 

Modernes, sm. pi. the modems 

Modeste, 2. a. modest; grave 

Modestement, ad. modestly 

Modestie, sf modesty 

Modicit6, smallness 

Modificatif, sm. — tive 

Modification, sf. —tion, limitO' 

Modifier, va. to modify 





MoiJillon, sm. modillon, bracket 
Modique, 2. a. moderate, small 
Modiquement, ad. moderately 
Modulation, sf. — tion 
Module, sm. a model, module 
Moelle, sf. marrow, pith 
Moiilleux, se. a. full of marrow; 

pithy; substantial 
Moellon, sm. rough stones 
Moeurs, sfpl. manners, ways 
Mohatra, 2. a. usurary 
Moi, pr. me, I 
Moi-menie, myself 
Moignon, sm. stump 
Moiiiaille, sf. the monks (term of 

Moindre, 2. a. less, least 
Moine, sm. a monk, friar; 

wooden warming-pan 
Moiiieavi, a sparrow 
Moinerie, sf. monkery [tempt 
Jloinesse, nun; by way of con- 
Moinillon, sm. a petty monk, in 

Moins, ad. less, except, but 
Moios, sm. the least 
A moins que, c. unless 
Moire, sf. mohair 
Moire, e. a. clouded, watered 
Mois, sm. a month 
Moisi, mould, koarincss 
Moisir, va. to mould 
He moisir, vr. to g-row mouldy 
Moisissure, 5/. inouldincss 
Moissiae, a branch full cf grapes 
Moisson, harcest, crop 
Moissonner, va. to * reap, to 

make the harvest 
Moissoiineur, se. s. a reaper 
Moile, 2. a. moist, damp 
Moileur, sf. moistness, moisture 
Moitifi, half, moiety; wife 
Mol, le. vid. Mou [grinders 

Molaire, 2. a. dents molaives; 
Mole, sm. a mole, a pier 
Mole, sf. a moon-calf, kind of 

Molecule, particle 
Moleater, va. to molest, * vex 
Molette, sf. the rowel of a spur; 

painter's mullar; tcindgall 
Moliere, quagmire; mill-stone 

Molasse, 2. a. fiabby, fiimsy 
Molle, a /. vid. Mou 

MoIIement, ad. softly, fainibj, 

Muiiesse, sf. softness, effeminacy, 

Mollet. te. a. softish, light 
Mollet, sm. the calf of the leg; 

short fringe; nipper; pincer 
MoUetou, swanskin 
Molliiier, va- to mollify 
Mollir, v. to soften, to * grow 

soft; to flag; slacktn 
Moly, sm. moly {a plant) 
Moment, moment, minute 
Momentanee, 2. a. momentary, 

Momerie, sf. mummery, hypo- 
Momie, a mummy 
Momon, sm.. bet-money wiy [ish 

Monacal, e". a. monachal, monk- 
Monacaleraent, ad. like a monk 
Monachisme, sm. monkery 
Monado, .«/. monad, unity 
Monarchic, a monarchy 
Jlonarchique, 2. a. — chical 
Monarque, sm. monarch 
Monastere, monastery 
Monastique, 2. a- monastic 
Monaut, sm. one-eared 
Monceau, alienp 
Mondain, e. a. s. worhlL,; proud 
Mondainenicnt, ad. after a icorld- 

ly manner 
Mondanit^, sf.worliilincss; pride 
Monde, sm. the world; servants; 

Monder, vn. to cleanse; peel 
Monditicatif, ve. a. s. cleansing 
Mondifier, va. to cleanse 
Mon6taire, sm~ warden of the 

Moniale, sf. a nun 
Moniteur, sm. monitor 
Monition, sf. — tion, looming 
Monitoire, 2. a. monitory 
Monnoie, sf. money, coin, mint, 

Monnoyage, sm. coining 
Monnoyer, va. to coin, * stamp 
Monnoyeur, sm. a coiner 
Monochorde, monochord 
Monoculairc, 2. a. one-eyed 
Monogramme, sm. monogram, t 
kind of cipher 

Monologue, — logne, ."ol.loquy 
MonoiHjIe, sm. —ly; tax 
Monopolcr, oa. t» monopolize 
Monopoleur, sm- monopolist 
Monosyllable, monosyllable 
Moiiosyllabique, 2. a. —bical 
Monotone, 2. a. —nous 
Moiiutonie, sf. monotony 
Mons, sir, {scornfully) 
Monseigneur, sm. my lord 
Monsieur, sir, master; monsieur 
Monslre, a monster 
Monstrueusenient, ad. prodigi- 
Monstfueux, se. a. monstrous 
Monstruosite, sf monstrosity 
Mont, sm a mount, hill. — Muntd 

ei merveilles, wonders 
Montage, coming up 
Montagnard, e. a. s.mountaincer, 

Monlagne, sf. mountain, hill 
Montagneux, se. a. mountain 

ous, hilly 
Montant, sm. the upright in a 

building; total; flowing 
Montee, sf staircase, step, ascent 
Monter, v. to * go or * come vp, 

* rise, * get up, to * flow 
Se monter,~«o amount, * ccme to 
Monticule, sm. little mountain 
Mont-joie St. Dt nis, the ancient 

cnj of wnr of the French; also 

the first king at arms 
Montoir, a mounting block 
Montre, 5/. a watch, sample, 

muster, shoio 

— a repetition, a repeater 

— d'orgues, outside of an organ 
Montrer, va. to * show; * teacl 

— Ics dents a quelqu'un, to ro 
sist one 

— ses talons, to * run away 
Montueux, se a. mountainous 
Monture, sf. a beast for a sad- 

die; stock; frame 
Monument, sm. a monument 
Se moquer de, vr. to laugh at, 

ridicule, scorn, jeer 
Moquerie, sf. mockery, foolisk 

1 Moquette, mockadoes; yam 
I Moqueur, se. 5. mocker, joker 
Mo<iueur, se. a. jeering, scoffing 
I Morailles, sf. pi. horse barnacles 


Moraillon, sm. clasp of a trunk 
Moral, e. a. moral 
Morale, sf. morality 
Moralement, ad. morallij, pro- 


Moral iser v. to moralize 
Moraliseur, sm. a moralizer 
Moraiiste, moralist 
Moralit6, .9/. morality^ moral 
Morbide, 2. a. morbid 
Morbifique, 2. a. morbific 
Morbleu, int. zounds 
Morceaa, sm. bit, piece, morsel 

— de la souris, venison, bit 

— gras d'une eclanche, pope^s 

Morceier, va. to cantle, parcel 

Mordacite, —city, corrosiveness, 

acrimony of speech 
Mordant, e. a. sharp, smart 
Mordant, sm. a printer's visori- 

um; two-pointed nail; claw 
Mordicaat, e. a. acrid, sharp, 

Mordiller, va. to * bite a little 

and often; * carp at [lour 
Mordore, e. a. brownish red co- 
Mordre, * bite; corrode; carp 

— a la grappu, to like a thing 

— la pousslere, to * be killed 
More, sm. a Moor 
Morean, sort of bag to * feed a 

horse as he * goes along 
Morel le, sf. nightshade, morel 
Moresque, 2. a. Moorish 
Moresque, sf. morris dance; a 

U'^jre^s; vioresh-ioork 
Morfil, sm. a wire-edjre; un- 

wrought elephant's teeth 
So inorfondre, vr. to dance at- 
tendance, to toait in vain, to 
* catch cold upon heat 
Morfondure, sf. cold upon heat 
Morgeline, chickweed 
Morgue, bone-house; haughty 

surly look 
Morguer, va. to bully, * dare 
Moribond, c. a. in a dying con- 
Moricaud, sm. a tawny man 
Moricaude, sf. a tawny woman 
Morig6ner, va. to tutor; school 
'HoxiWe, sf. morel, sort of mush- 


Morillon, sm. fine black grape, 

sort of emerald 
Morioe, sf. chickweed 
Morion, sm. morion 
Morne, 2. a. dull; sullen 
Morn6, e. a. tipt, blunt 
Mornifle, 5/. box on the ear 
Morose, 2. a. morose 
Morosit6, sf. moroseness 
Morplon, sm. a crab-louse 
Mors, a horse bit 
Morsure, sf. a bite, biting 
Mort, death, decease 
Mort, e. a. dead, deceased 
Morte fnar6e, neap-tide 
Mort, e. s. a dead body 
Mort aux rats, sf. rats-bane 
Morte-eau, low tide 
Mortadelle, Italian sausage 
Mortaiae, mortise, joint 
IViortalit6, mortality, plague 
Mortel, le. a. s. mortal 
Mortellement, ad. mortally 
Morte-paye, sf. a soldier's ordi- 
nary pay during life 
Morte-saison, the dead time of the 

Mortier, sm. mortar 
Mortifere, 2. a. deadly 
Mortifiant, e. a. grievous, sad 

Mortification, sf. tion, cross, 

grief, gangrene 
Mortitier, va^ to mortify, * vex 
Mort-ne, e. a. still-born 
Mortuaire, 2. a. funeral 
Morue, sf. a cod; stockfish 
Morye, snot, glanders 
Morveux, se. a. s. snotty 
Mosaique, sf. Mosaic work 
Moscateline, musk-weed 
Mosquee, a mosque [ing 

Mot, sm. word, note, motto, say- 
Mot du guet, a watch-word 
Mot pour rire, a joke, jest 
Mot a double entente, apnn 
Mot a mot, word for word 
Motet, sm. anthem 
Moteur, an author, contriver, 

Motif, a motive, aim, cause 
Motion, sf. motion, action 
Motiver, va. to relate the motive 
Mbtte, sf clod, turf, hillock, peat 
Se motter, vr. to * lurk behind 



Motus, int. hush, mum 

Mou, sm. lights of a sheep, or 
cat's meat 

Mou, molle, a. soft, mellow, dull^ 
loose, sluggish 

Moucliard, sm. a spy, rascal 

Mouche, sf. afiy; patch 

Mouche a miel, a bee 

Mouche, a game at cards 

Moucher, va. to * blow one's 
nose, to snuff 

Moucherole, sf. gnat-snapper 

Moucheron, sm. gnat; snuff of a 

Moucheter, va. to * pink; spot 

Mouchette, 5/. a kind of joiner's 

Mouchettes, pi. snuffers 
Moucheture, sf. pinking; spots 
Moucheur, sm. a snuffer 
Mouchoir, handkerchief 
Mouchure de chandelle, sf. the 

snuff of a cayidle 
Moudre, vn. to * grind 
Moue, sf. grimace, face 
Faire la moue, to pout 
Mouette, sf. sea-mew; a gull 
Mouffette, foul air (in mines) 
Mouflard, e. s. bloated face 
Moufle, sf. mitten; bloated facof 

Moufler, va. to * swell the cheeks 
Mouillage, sm. anchorage 
Mouillebouclie, sf. bergamo 

Mouiller, va. to wet; anchor 
Mouillette, sf. slice of bread 
Mouilloir, sm. spinning vessel 
Mouillure, sf. watering, wetting 
Moulage, sm. moulds, mill-stones 
Moulant, a miller's 7nan 
Moule, a mould, model 
Moule, sf. a muscle 
Moule e, grinder's clay 
Mouler, va. to mould, * cast, 

print, pile up 
Moulettes, sf. pi. Small shells 
Mouleur de bois, sm. assizer »f 

Moulin, a mili 

— a vent, wind-mill 

— a eau, water-mill 

— a papier, paper-mill 

— a catfiie, coffee-mill 

— a foulon, fulling-mill 





Moulin a coton, cotton-mill 

— a dreche, malt-mill 

— a piJer, ffrinding-mill 

— a v&n, fanning-mili 

— a nef, a mill built on a boat 
or vessel 

Moulin a bras, hand-mill 
Moulinage, sm. the last dressing 

of silk before- it is dyed 
Boi3 njouline, rotten uood 
Mouiinet, capstan^ hand-mill, 
turnstile, chocolate-mill, mill- 
ed money 
Mouft, ad. much, very much 
Moulure, sf. a moulding 
Mourant, e. a. dying; pale 
Mourant, sm. a dying man 
Mourir, vn. to die, to * go out 
Se mourir, vr. to * be dying 
Mouron, sm. chick-weed; pim- 
Mousquel, 5771. musket 
Mousqueiade, sf. musket-shot 
Mousquetaire, sm. musketeer 
Mousqueterie, sf. a volley of 

small shot 
Mousqueton, sm. a musketoon, 

Mousse, sf. moss; lather; froth 
Mousse, sm. a cabin-boy 
Mousseline, sf. muslin 
Mousser, v. to froth, lather 
Meusseron, sm. small uhitc 

Mousseux, se. a. frothy 
Mousson, sf. monsoon, trade- 
Mousu, e. a. mossy 
Moustache, sf. whiskers 
Mout, sm. mu^t, wort 
Moutardc, sf. mustard 
Moutardier, sm. a mustard-pot, 

a mustard-maker 
Moutier, monastery, convent 
Mout»n, a wether, mutton, sheep, 

Moutons, sm. pi. billows 
Moutonnage, tax on sheep 
Moutonnaille, sf. a parcel of 

Moutonne, a tower of false hair 
Moutonncr, vn. to foam, curl 
Moutonnier, e. a. sheep-like 
Moulure, sf. grinding; mized 
com, miller's fee 

Mouvance de fief, dtpendance of 
a fee upon another 

Mouvanl, e. a. moving 

Mouvemeni, sm. motion; nurcc- 
mcnt; accord; time 

Mouvemens, pi. broils, commo- 

Mouver, va. to stir the mould in 
a garden 

Mouvoir, va. to move, stir, in- 
cite, stir up [tion 

— unc question, to start a ques- 
Mouvoir, vn. to * hold, depend 
Moyen, sm. means, power 
Moyen, ne. a. middling, mean 
Mo\enna!it, pr. for; by means of 

— que, c. provided that 
Moyenncuient, ad. so so 
Moyenner, va. to procure, * get 
Moyeu, sm. a stock of a wheel; 

yolk of an egg; nave; a pre- 
served plum 
ISlu, e. a. moved, stirred 
Muable, 2. a. su'/jtct to change, 

Muche-miiclie, ad. in secret 
Mucilage, *?/». mucilage 
Mucilagineux, se. a. — nous, sli- 
Mucosit6, sf. mucous matter 
Mue, slough; skin; coop 
iMuer, vn. to moult, mew, shed 
Miict, te. a. s. dumb, mute 
MuRie, sm. muzzle 
Mufli, ou Muphli, .Mufti 
Muge, a mullet 

Mugir, vn. to low, bellow, roar 
Mugissant, e. a. lowing, bellow- 
ing, roaring [ing 
Mugisseinent, sm. lowing, roar- 
Muguei, lily of the valley; spark, 

Mugueter, va. to court, aim at 
Muid, stn. hogshead 
Muid de bl6, comb and a bushel 

of com 
Muliitre, s. a mulatto 
Mulcte, sf. mulct, fine 
Mulcter, va. to fine, t? mulct 
Mule, */. a woman's slipper; she 

mule; mow or cock 
Mules, pi. kibes, chilblains 
Mulct, sm. he mule, mullet 
Muletier, a mule-driver 
Mulette, sf. a ealfs maw 

Muiot, sm. a field-mouse 
Multiple, 2. a. multiple 
.Multipliablo, -2. a pliable 
Multiplicaude, sm. —cand 
Mulliplicateui, —catoi 
Multiplication, sf —tion 
Muitipiicitf^, — city, multitude 
Muliiplier, va. to multiply 
Multitude, sf. multitude 
Municipal, e. a. municipal 
Muuicipalite, sf. corporation 
Munilicence, — ce, bounty 
Munir, va. to supply, provide 
Munitions^/, pi. ammunition 
Munitions de bouche, provisions 
Munitiomiaire, sm. commissary 

of stores 
Miir, a wall 

Mur mitoyen, a partition-waJi 
Miir, Mure, a. ripe, mature 
Muraille, sf. a wall 
Mure, a mulberry 
Murt'Uient, ad. maturely 
Murene, sf lamprey 
•Murtr, va. to wall, mure up 
Muricr, sm. mulberry-tree 
Murir, vr. to ripen 
Muinmrateur, sm. murmurer 
Murumie. murmur, purling, 

humming noise, grumbling, 

.Alunnurtr, v. to murmur, to 

ichisper; purl; warble 
Musard, c. o. s. a loiterer 
Muse, sm. musk; Indian beast 
.Muscade, sf. nutmeg 
Muscadtlle, musk-pear 
Muscadet, sm. muscadine grape; 

INIuscadier, nutmeg-tree 
Mu.~cadin, sm. muscadine; dain- 
ty cake; fop 
Muscat (vin,) muscadine wine 
Muscat, muscadine grape 
Muscle, a muscle; strength 
Muscosite, sf. — sity 
Musculaire, 2. a. muscular 
Musculeux, se. a. musculous 
Muse, sf. muse 

Museau, sm. muzzle, snout, nose 
Mus6e, museuin 
Museliere, .«/. a muzzle 
Muser, vn. to loiter, trifle 
Muserolc, sf. the head-band ef a 






Musette, sf. abag-pipe 
My^\im,3m.m,iLseum, repository 

of curiosities 
IMusical, e. a. musical 
Musicalement, ad. musically 
Musician, ne. s. a musician 
Musique, sf. music 
Musique enragee, caterwauling 
Musquer, va. to scent with 

Se musser, vr. to lurk in a cor- 
Musulman, sm. —man, Turk 
filusulraan, e. a. Turkish, Maho- 
Mutability, sf. —lity 
Mutation, — tion, change 
Mutilation, — tion, maiming 
Mutiler, va. to mutilate; cas- 
Mutin, e. a. s. headstrong, stub- 
born, mutinous 
Se mutiner, vr. to mutiny, * rise 

in arms, * befroward 
Mutinerle, sf. mutiny, froward- 

Mutuel, le. a. mutual 
Mutuellement, ad. mutually 
Myriade, sf. ten thousands; 

numberless; infinity 
Myrobolan, sn. Indian-plum 
Myrrhe, sf. myrrh 
Myrte, sm. myrtle-tree 
Mystere, a mystery, secret 
Mystiirieusement, ad. mysteri-\ 

My3t6rieux, se. a. mysterious 
VIysticit6, sf. mysticalness 
Mystifiar, wz. to ridicule a man 

slyly, to quiz him 
Mystique, a. mystical 
Wystiquenieut, ad. mystically 
Vlytliologie, .?/. — logy 
Mylholouique, 2. a. —gical 
Hythologue, or Mythoiogiste, 
sm. — los'ist 


fM'.VnOT, e, 8. shrimp, dwarf 
l^ .Vacarat, e a. light red 
•facelle, .<tf. a small boat 
vlacre, mother of peat I 
f^Hd'iT, sni. nuiir 

Nageolre, sf. fin; cork, &i-c. for 

swimming; lid 
Nager, vn. to * swim, sail, row 
A la nage, by swimming 
Nageur, se. s. a swimmer 
Nageur, sm. waterman, rower 
N'aguere, ad. not long ago 
Naiade, sf. naiad, nymph 
Naif, ve. a. artless, downright, 

Nain, e. a. s. dwarf 
Naine, 5/. sort of bean 
Naissance, sf. birth, nativity, rise 
Naissant, e. a. nascent, rising, 

growing, newly born 
Naitre, vn. to * be born; * breed, 

* arise, * spring, * grow 
Na'ivement, ad. plainly 
Naivete, sf. ingenuousness; in- 
Nanan, good, ^oo<i (childish ex- 
Nanti, e. a. possessed of 
Nantir, va. to insure 
Se— , vr. to secure 
Nant\sseaient,sm. security, pledge 
Nappe, sf. table-cluth; deer-skin 
Nappe d'eau, a sheet of water 
Naqueter, V7i. to dance attend- 

Narcisse, sm. daffodil, conceited 
Narcotique, 2. a. s. narcotic 
Nard, sm. spikenard 
Narguer, va. to hector, to bully 
Nargue de vous, a fig for you 
Naiine, sf. nostril 
Narquois, e. s. a sharper; gib- 
berish; cant 
Nairateur, sm. a relater, teller 
Narratif, ve. a. —tive 
Narration, sf. a narratioe, a re- 
lation, account, recital 
Narre, sm. a recital, a narrative 
Narrer, vn. to relate, to * tell 
Nasal, e. a. nasal 
Nasarde, 5/. afi/'ip 
Nasarder, va. to rap on the nose, 

to jeer 
Naseau, sm. nostril of a beast 
Nasillaid, e. a. one who speaks 

through the nose 
Nasiller, vn. to * speak through 

the nose 
Nasse, sf. an osier fish-net 
Nfital, e. a. natal, native 

Natation, s/.tAe art of swimming 
Natif, ve. a. native, bom 
Nation, sf. nation, race, tribe 
National, e. a. national 
Nativit6, sf. nativity, birth 
Natte, a mat, twist 
Natter, va. to twist, plait 
Nattier, sm. a mat-maker 
Naturalisation, sf. — lation 
Naturaliser, va. to naturalize 
Naturaliste, sm. a naturalist 
Naturallt6, sf. being a native 
Naturel, le. a. natural, native, 

free, ingenuous, plain 
Naturel, sm. nature,constitution, 

genuine temper, humanity 
NatureJlement, ad. naturally, 

plainly, freely 
Naval, e. a. naval 
Nav6e, sf. a bargeful 
Navet, sm. a turnip {root) 
Navette, sf. rape-seed; shuttlef 

small vessel; pig of lead 
Naufrage, sm. shipwreck 
Naufrag6, e. a. wrecked, damag- 
Navigable, 2. a. navigable 
Navigateur, sm. — gator, sailor 
Navigation, sf — tion, voyage 
Naviger, Naviguer, v. to navi' 

gate, to sail, steer 
Navire, sm. a ship, vessel, sail 

— de guerre, man of war 

— marchand, merchant-man 
Naulage, nnu\is, freight, fare 
Nauinachie, sf a mock sea-fight 
Navrer, va. to wound, *be sorry 
Naus6e, sf. a qualm, retching 
Nautique,"2 a. nautical 
Nautonnier, sm. a mariner, a 

Ne, ad. not, no 
Nd, e. a. born 
-Veanmoins, c. nevertheless 
Neant, sm. nothingness 
Nobuleiix, se. a. cloudy, dark, 

\cbul6, e. a. cloud-like 
Ni>cc3«aiic, a- necessary 
.V6ces#aire, sm. competency 
NecessainMncnt, ad. necessarily^ 

Niicessitant, e. a. necessitating 
Necessit6, sf. necessity, need 





N6cessit69, pi. necessaries 
N6cessiter, va. to necessitate, 

N6cessiteux, se. a. necessitous, 

indigent, poor [dead 

N6crologe, sm. register of the 
N6cromancie, sf. —ancy 
N6cromancien, ne. s. —manccr, 

Nectar, sm. nectar, good wine 
Net', sf. nave or body of a church, 

Nefle, sf. a medlar 
Neflier, sm. a medlar-tree 
N<^gatif, ve. a. negative 
Negation, .9/. —tion 
Xtigativc, negative, refusal 
Negadveinent, ad. — vcly 
N6glig6, sm. undress 
N6gligemaient, ad. negligently 
Negligence, sf. negligence 
Negligent, e. a. negligent 
N6gliger, va. to neglect, slight 
N6goce, sm. traile, commerce 
N6gociable, 2. a. negociable 
N6gociant, sm. merchant, dealer 
N6gociateur, a negociatur 
N6gociation, sf. negociation 
Negocier, va. to trade, negociate 
Negre, negrcsse, s. a negro 
N6grerie, sf. negro yard 
Negrier, sm. a Guinea man 
N6griUon, ne. a little negro 
Neige, sf. snow, whiteness 
Neiger, v. imp. to snow 
Neigeux, se. a. snowy 
N6m6en3, c. m. pi. J\remean 
N6mes, 5/. pi. nenia 
Nenni, ad. no indeed 
Nenuphar, sm. water-lily 
N6ologie, «/. the making of new 

N6ologique, 2. a. — col 
N6ologisme, sm. — gism 
N6ologue, — gist 
N6ophyte, 2. s. new convert 
N6phrfttique, 2. o. s. nephritic, 

Ncpotisine, sm. nepotism 
N6r6ide, sf. sea-nymph 
Nerf, sm. sineto, nerve, hand 
Nerf optique, optic or visual 

Nerf de boeuf, a bulVs pizile 
N6roli, sm. essence of orangss 

Xerprun, buckthorn 
Xerver, va. to cover wtth sinews 
Xerveux, sc. a. nervous, brawny 
Xerviii, a. nervine 
Xervure, sf. a twi!>t, round 
Xervures, /)/. moulUings, edging 
Xet, \e.a.ncal,cleanly, clear, clean 
Xet, ad. cltarly, cleverly 
Xetteinenl, ad. neatly, plainly 
Xetlet6, sf. cleanness, plainness 
Xettoyement, sm. cleaning 
Netloyer, va. to clean, scour, to 

clear, to * sweep 
Neveu, sm. a nepheu) 
Neuf, 2. a. nine 
Xeuf, sm. a mine 
Xeuf, ve. a. new, unexperienced 
XeutialemeiU, ad. neutrally 
Xeutraiite, sf. neutrality 
Xeutre, 2. a. neuter, neutral 
Xeuvaine, sf. a nine days^ devo- 
Neuvieme, 2. a. s. ninth 
Xeuvieme, sm. ninth part 
Xeuviement, ad. ninthly 
Xez, snu a nose 
Xez a nez,/ace to face 
Xi, c. neither, nor 
Xiabie, 2. a. deniable 
Xiais, e. a. silly, simple 
Xiciis, e. 5. simpleton 
Niaiseraent, ad. sillily 
Xiaiser, vn. to * stand trifling 
Niaiserie, sf. silliness 
Nice, 2. a. silly (old) 
Niche, sf. niche; roguish trick 
Nich6e, whole nest of birds 
Nich6e de ssouris, brood of mice 
Nicher, v. to place, nestle 
Nichet, sm. nest-egg 
Nichoir, breeding cage 
Nid, a nest 

Nidoreiuc, euse. a. musty 
Niece, sf. a niece 
Nielle, mildew, blast 
Xieller, va. to Hast, mildew 
Nier, to deny, disown 
Nigaud, e. a. s. silly, simpleton 
Nigauder, vn. to play the fool 
Nigauderie, sf. silliness, silly 

Nille, vine tendril 
Nirabe, glory (in painting) 
Xipper, va. to rig out, furnish 
Nippes, goods, clothes 

Xique, faire la nique, to * make 

game of 
Xiquedouille, sm s^illy simpleton 
XiLouche, sf. demure hypocrite 
Xitrc, sm. nitre 
Xitreux, se. a. nitrous 
XitriL-re, sf. nitrous vein of earth 
Xiveau, sm. Lvcl 
\iveler, va. to b. eel 
Xivelcur, sm. Icvclhr, trifler 
Xivoite, .*/. sort of peach 
Xobiliaire, sm. book of peerage 
Xobie, 2. a. s. noble, nobleman 
Xobleincnt, ad. nobly 
Xoblesse, sf. nobility, nobleness 
Xoce, noces, marriage, nuptials 
Xoce, wedding, the company at 

a wedding 
Xoclier, sin. a pilot, steersman 
Xoctambule, s. one who walks in 

his sleep; noclambulist 
Xoctiiuque, 2. a. shining in the 

Nocturne, 2. a. sm. nocturnal^ 

the planet Vtnus 
yiod„is,sm. nodus, node [rol 

Xoiil, Chnslmas; Christmas ca- 
Xoeud, knot; stress; tie; knuc- 
kle; node; knob; band; in' 

Xoir, e. a. black, base, dismal 
Xoir de fumee, sm. lampblack 
Xo\r,sm.ablack, negro, the black 
Xoiratre, 2. a. blackish 
Xoiraud, e. a. s. dark, tawny 
'So\iCG\xx,sf.blackness,black spot 
Xoircir, v. to blacken, asperse 
Xoircissure, sf. olackcning, a 

black spot 
Noire, a crotchet 
Xoise, strife, squabble 
Xoisette, hazelnut; filbert 
Xoisetier, sm. a hazel-tree 
Xoix, sf. a walnut 
Xoix de salie, a gall-nut 
Xoix du genou, knee-pan 
Xoix contitt's, candied nuts 
Xoli me tangere, sm. a thorny 

plant, a bad ulcer 
Nolis, ou nolisseraent, sm. hiring 

of a s/iip 
Xoliser, va. to hire a ship 
.\om, sm. name, noun, fame 
Xoiiiade,2. a. wandering,errana 





Nombre, s^m- number, many 
Noiubre iiombrant, m;Utiplier 

— noinbr6, multiplicand 

— d'or, golden number 
Nombrer, va. to number, to * tell 
Nombreux, se. a. numerous 
IVorabiil, sm. the navel 

Nome, law, order [brance 

Nom^nclateur, —tor, remem- 
Nomenclateur, sf. vocabulary 
Nominatif, nominative case 
Nomination, sf. nomination, ad- 

Nomm^ment, ad. namely, par- 
Nommer, va. to name, nominate 
Nonpariel, ie. a. matchless 
Nonpareille, sf. crimp riband; 
nonpareil; small sort ofsugar- 
Non, ad. no, not 
Non-seulement, ad. not only 
Nonag6naire, 2. a. ninety years 

of age 
Nonante, ninety 
Nonantieme, 2. a. ninetieth 
Nonce, sm. a nuncio 
Nonchalamment, ad. supinely, 

Nonchalunce, sf. negligence, su- 

Nonchalant, e. a. s. supine, neg- 
ligent, careless 
Nonciature, sf. nunciature 
Nonconforinistc, s. a nonconfor- 
mist, a dissenter 
Nonconformite, sm. — mity 
Nones, nonrs, prayer 
Nonnain, sf. a nun 
Nonnant, sm- a kind of sprat 
Nonne, nonnette, sf. a nun 
Nonobstant, pr. notwithstanding 
Nonpair, e. a. odd, not even 
Non-payement, sm. want of pay- 
Non plus nltia, ad. utmost 
Non-residence, sf. want of rest 

Nonvaleur, deficiency, waste 
fion-vue, fog, misty weather 
Non-usage, sm. disuse 
Noid, north 
Nord-est, north- ea.H 
Nord-ouest, northwest 

Nos, pr. pi. our 
Nota, sm. note, mark 
Notable, 2. a, eminent, remark- 
Notablement, ad. notably 
Notables, sm. pi. chief men 
Notaire, a notary, scrivener 
Notamment, ad. especially 
Notariat, sm. notary's business 
Notarie, e. a. settled by a notary 
Note, sf. note, remark 
Noter, va. to observe, note 
Noterd'infamie, to brand, to dis- 
Noteur, sm. copier of music 
Notice, sf. account, knowledge 
Notification, — tion, declaration 
Notifier, va. to notify, signify 
Notion, sf. notion, idea 
Notoire, '2. a. notorious, plain 
Notoirement, ad. manifestly 
Notori6t6, sf. notoriety 
Notxe, pr. our 
Les noties, pi. our people or 

Novale, sf. new ploughed land 
Novateur, sm. an innovator 
Nou6, e. tied; ricketty 
Novembre, snu JSTovember 
Nouement, tying 
Nouer, va. to tie, to * knit; join 
Se nouer, vr. to* set, to * knit 
Noueux, se. a. knotty 
Nougat, sm, cakes made of al- 
monds and honey [celli 
Nouilles, sf. pi. German vcrmi- 
Noulet, sm. a drain 
Novice, 2. a. s. novice, raw 
Noviciat, sm. yrobntion-timc 
Novissirnii, ad. lately, just now 
Nourrain, em. youjigj'ry 
Nourrice, sf. a wet nurse 
Nourricier, e a. nutritive; fos- 
ter father 
Nourrir, va. to nourish, * feed, 

suckle, * nurse up, i^istruct 
Se — , vn. to lice or feed upon 
Nourrissant, e. a. nourishing 
Nourrisscur, sni a. grazier, a 

cow keiper 
Nourrisson, sm. foster-child 
Nourrissons des muses, ou du 
Parnasse, pi. ..'Ipollo's sons, 
Nourriture, */. food; breeding 

Nous,pr. we, ns, to us 
Noveau, nouvel, Ie. a. new 
Nouveaut6,s/. newness, fiovelty., 

innovation, change 
Nouvelie, news; a novel 
Nouvelle apocryplie, doubtful 

piece of news 
Nouvellement, ad. newly 
Nouvelliste, sm. newsmonger, 

Noyale, sf. coarse canvass 
Noyau, sm. the newel of a winc^ 

ing staircase 
Noyau, the stone of a fruit., key 

nel, mould 
Noyer, wnlnut-tree 
Noyer, va. to drown 
Se — , vr. to * be drowned; drown 

one's self 
Noyon, n6yon, sm. the end of a 

Nu, nue, a. naked, plain 
Nu, sm. a naked part 
Nuage, a cloud, mist 
Nuageux, se. cloudy 
Nuaison, sf. a settlei wind 
Nuance, shadowing 
Nuancer, va. to shade, variegate 
Nub6cule, sf. a spot on the reti- 
na of the eye 
Nubile, a. marriageable 
Nubilitt^, sf. marriageable age 
Nudil6, sf. nakedness, nudity 
Nuc, a cloud, sky 
Nue, a. s. vid. Nu 
Nuee, sf. a cloud, swarm, crowd 
Nueinent, aa. candidly 
Niior, va. tn shadow, to bleiul va- 
rious colours 
Nuire, vn. to * hurt, annoy 
Nuisance, sf. — ce, damage 
Nuisible, 2.o. hurtful, projudiciai 
Nuit, sm. nig/U 
Nuitarnment, in the night 
Niiilcie, sf. a night's expense at 

an inn, a night's work 
Niil, Ic. a. void; none; not one; no 
Nullepart, ad. no where 
Nulle, .s/. a. null: unmeaning 
Niillement, ad. by no means 
NiiU'nii, sf. nullity, error 
Numeraire, 2. a. numcrary 
Numeral, e. a. numeral 
NirnK'-rateur, sm. — tor 
Numeration, sf. — tion 



Nujn6rique, 2. a. numerical 
Numeriqueinfirxt, ad. exactly, 

precise number 
Num6ro, sm. number 
Num6roier, va. to number, to 

mark with a number 
Kumismatique, 2. a. — matic 
IVumismatographie, sf. —phy; 
i. e. knowledge of ancient me- 
dals and coiiu" 
N luicupatif, ve. a. —tive. verbal, 

Nuptial, e. a. nuptial, bridal 
Nuque, sf. nape of the neck 
Nuiritif, ve. a. nutritive 
Nutrition, 5/. —tion 
Nyctalope, 2. s. owl-eyed 
Nymphe, sf nymph, nympha 
Nymphee, public bath 


Of int. oh! 
• O ca, now, well now 
Obedience', sf. obedience 
Obediencier, sm. obedicntary 
Obedienlel, le. a. —tial 
Obeir, vn. to obey ; * bend; * be 

cosy; * be wrought 
Ob6issance, sf. obedience, sub- 
Ob6isgant, e. a. obedient 
Obelisque, sm an obelisk 
Ob6rer, tta. to * rf.n in debt 
Objecter, va. to object, reproach 
Objectif, sm. object glass 
Objectif, ve. a. —tive, ideal 
Objection, */. —tion, difficulty 
Obier, sm. maple-tree 
Objet, object, aim, motive 
Obil, a dirge, obit 
Obituaire, book of burials 
Oblal, oblat; disabled soldier 
Oblation, sf. oblation, offering 
Obligation, obligation, bond 
Obligatoire, 2. a. obligatory 
Obligeamment, ad. obligingly, 

Obligeance, sf. kind lumper, good 

Obligeant, e. a. obliging, kind 
Obligor, va. to oblige; * bind 
Oblique, a. oblique, fraudulous, 


( Obliquement, ad. obliquely, slop 

ingly, fraudulously 
Obiiquite, sf. obliquity 
Oblong, ne. a. oblong 
Obole, sf. obolc, a base coin of 

Obcmbrer, va. to conceal, cover. 

Obreptice, 2. a. subreplitious ■ 
Obreption, sf. — tion 
Obscene, 2. a. obscene, filthy 
Obscenit6, sf. obscenity 
Obscur, e. a. dark, gloomy 
Obscurcir, va. to darkni; dim 
S'obscurcir, vr. to grow dark; 

Obscurcissement, sm. darkening. 

Obscurement, ad. obscurely 
Obscurity, sf. obscurity,darkness 
Obsecrations, sf. pi. — tions 
OLsieder, v. to * beset, possess 
Obseques, sf. pi. obsequies 
Observance, observance, rite 
Observateiir, rice. s. observer 
Observation, sf. —tion, remark 

observance, keeping 
Observatoire, sin. — tory 
Observf^, va. to observe, watch 
S'cbserror, vr. to * be upon one's 

guard; to witch one's self 
Obsession,sf .obsession, besetting 
Obsidional, e. a. -nol 
Obstacle, sm. obstacle, bar 
Obstination, sf. obstinacy 
Obstine, a. s. stubborn, obstinate, 

stiff firm 
Obstinemont, nd. obstinately 
S'ubstiner, vr. to persist, to * be 
obstinate [stopping 

Obstructif, ve. a. obstructive. 
Obstruction, sf. obstruction, 

stoppage, kindernnce 
Obstruer, va. to obstruct 
Obtemp6rer, va. to obey 
Obtenir, va. to obtain, * get 
Obtention, sf. obtaining 
Obtus, e. a. obtuse, dull 
Obvier, vn. to obviate 
Obus, Obnsier, sm. howitzer 
Oca, cavi, sm. a kind of Ameri- 
can potato 
Occasion, sf. occasion, opportu- 
nity, fight 
Occasiouel, le. a. -^nal 


Occasionellement, ad. —nally 
Occasionner, va. to occasion, ta 

cause, to produce 
Occident, sm. west, decline 
Occidental, e. a. western 
Occipital, e. a. — tal 
Occiput, sm. occiput 
Occire, va. to * slap, to kill 
Occjsion, sf. murder 
Occultation, — tion 
Occulte, 2. a. occult, secret 
Occupant, e. s. an occupier 
Occupation, sf. occupation, bi^ 

sivcss, employment 
Occup6, e. a. busy, taken up 
Occuper, z)a. to * take up; emr 

ploy; possess; * hold; plead 
Soccuper, vr. to busy one's self 
Occurrence, sf. occurrence, event 
Occurrent, e. a. occurring; inci' 

Ocean, sm. the ocean 
Ocblocratie, power of the mob, 

Ochre, Ocre, sf. oker 
Octant, sm. a quadrant 
Ortante, 2. a. eighty 

Outantienie, 2. a. eightieth 

Octave, sf. octave, diapason 

Ociavine, small spijinet 

Octavo, sm. an octavo 

Octobre, October 

Octog6naire, 2 a. s. octogenari- 
an, eighty years of age 

Octngone, 2. a. sm. octangular 

Oc'.roi, svi. grant 

Octroj'er, va. to grant 

Octuple, 2. a. eight-fold 

Oculaire, 3. a. ocular 

Oculairenient, ad. visibly 

Oculiste, sm. an ocvli.H 

Ode, sf. an ode, a hymn 

Odeur, odour, smell, scent, fra- 
grance [liciously 

Odiousenienf, ad. odiously, ma' 

Odieu.\, se. a odious, heinous 

Odonn>tre, sm. o'lowcttr 

Odontalgic, sf toothnch 

Odoriint, e. a odorous, fro gran 

Oditrat, sm. smell, sviellivg 

Odorileraul, c. a, odoriferous 
sweet siinlliMir, fragrant 

Oecum';niqu'', 2. a. —vical 

Oeil, sm. eye; bud; gloss 

Ot-jl traille bloodshot eyf 





Oeil de boeuf, an oval 
Oeillade, 5/. ogle^ leer, glance 
Oeillader, va. to * cast a sheep^s 

eye; to ogle 
Oeillere, sf. a horse^s eye-flap 
< if.'illet, sm. carnation, pink 
L'uillet, an eyelet hole 
Oeilleteri6, sf. a bed of carna- 
tions and pinks 
Oeilleton, sm. sucker of a pink 
Oeilletonner, va- to take suckers 

of plants 
Oenas, sm. a wild pigeon 
Oesophage, — phagus, windpipe 
Oeuf, egg, spawn, roe 
()euv6, e. a. hard-roed 
Oeuvre, sf. work, action 
Oftensant, e. a. offensive 
Offense, 5/. offence, trespass, 

sin; injury; abuse 
Offense, sm. the party offended 
Offenser, va. to offend, injure 
S'offenser, vr. to be angry 
Offenseur, sm. an offender 
Offensif, ve. a. offensive 
Offensive, .''/. assault, attack 
Offensivement, ad. — vely 
Offerte, sf. offering 
Offerloire, sm. the offertory 
Otfice, office; part; good turn 
Office, .9/. a buttery, pantry 
Official, sm. official 
Officiality, .tf. doctors^ commons, 

episcopal court 
Officiant, a. s. officiating priest 
Officier, V7i. to officiate 
OtRcier, sm. officer, butler 
Officjensement, ad. officiously, 
niil'gingly, frieyidly {officious 
Officieux, se. a. obliging, kind, 
OrFrande, sf. an oblation 
(Mfrant, a. s. bidder 
OriVo, .«f. iffer, proffer, tender 
' )!frir, va. to offer, * bid, tender 
Oirii«quer, to darken, cloud, e- 

rlipsr, dazzle 
OiTo, sm. an ogre, glutton 
Oh : int. ho! or oh! 
Oie, sf. a goose 
Oies, sf. pi geese 
— petite oie, giblets, trimmings 
Oigneinent, sm. ointment ■ 
Oignon, an onion, root 
Oignonette, sm. small onion 
Ojgnoniere, a bed of onions 

Oiile, oglio, rich soup 
Oindre, va. to anoint 
Oing, sm. cart-grease 
Oiseaiij'a bird, a hod 
Oiseler, va. to * go a fowling 
Oiseleur, sm. bird-catcher 
Oiselier, a bird-seller, foioler 
Oisellerie, sf. bird-sdling 
Oiseux, se. a. idly, lazy 
Oisif, ve. a. idle, not busy 
Oisiilon, sm. young or little bird 
Oisivement, ad. idly 
Oisivet6, sf. idleness, laziness 
Oison, sm. a gosling, ninny 
Oleagincux, se. a. oleaginous 
OI6andre, sm. roscbay 
Olfactif, olfactoire, a. s. olfacto- 

Oli brills, sm. conceited fool 
Oligarchic, sf. — chy 
Oligarchique, 2. a. —chical 
Olim, ad. formerly 
Olivaison, sf. crop of olives 
Olivatre, 2. a. olive-coloured 
Olive, sf. olive 
Olivette, sort of fenugreek; 

Olivettes, pi. the haymakers (a 

country dance) 
Olivier, sm. an olive-tree 
Olyinpe, sm. Olympus, sky 
Olyinpiade, sf. olympiad 
Olyinpien, ne. a. oli/mpic 
Olympiques Ot^u-^'i) ■*'«■ pi- Olym- 
pic g limes 
Oinbi.'llf!, sf. pi. umbel 
Ombellifere, 2. a. umbelliferous 
Oniljjlical, e. a. umbilical 
Onibrage, sm. shade, umbrage 
Ombrager, vn. to shade 
Ombrageiix, se. a. skittish; sus- 
picious, jealous 
Ombre, .«/. shade, shadow, ghost; 

protection, pretence 
Onibrer, va to shadow, shade 
Oml)reux, se. a. umbrageous, 

Om<^ga, sm. last letter of the 
Greek alphabet; end; the low- 
Omelette, sf. omelet, pancake 
Omettre, va. to omit, leave out 
Omission, .«/. omission, neglect 
Omniscience, omniscience 
Omoplate, shoulder blade 

On, pr. it, they, one, somebody, a 

man, people 
On dit, it is reported, they say 
One, onques, ad. never 
Once, sf. ounce 
Once (sorte de panthere,) an 

Oncle, sm. an uncle 
Onction, sf. unction, gract 
Onctueux, se. a. unctuous, oily 
Onctuosil6, sf. unctuosity 
Onde, a wave, surge, billow 
Ondee, shower 

Ondoiement, sm. a private bap- 
Ondoyant, e. a. undulary 
Ondoyer, vn. to undulate, wave, 

Ondulation, 5/. undulation 
Oiiduler, vn. to wave, undulate 
Oneraire, a. (tuteur) guardian 

in trust 
Onereux, se. a. onerous, burden- 
Ongle, sm. a nail, claw 
Ongle, a. armed (in heraldry) 
Onglee, sf. a numbness of the 

finga-s' ends; whitlow 
Ongiet, sm. a sharp graver ; in- 
verted comma 
Onguent, salve, ointment 
Onirocrilie, sf. interpretation of 

Onocrotale, sm. a bittern 
Onoinatnpi'je, sf. likeness of a 
word with the thing it .'.ignifies 
Onyx, .sm. onyx, precious stons 
Olize, 2. a sm eleven 
Onzieme, 2. a. eleventh 
— , S7n. eleventh port 
Onziemement, ad. in the eleventh 

Oolites, sm. pi. petrified little 

Opacit6, sf. opacity, darkness 
Opale, opal, precious stone 
Opaque, 2. a. opaque, dark 
Op6ra, sm. opera; mastcr-pieee^ 

troublesome business 
Operatenr, operator, quack 
Operation, sf. —timi, effect 
Op6ratrice, a female operator, or 

Op6rer, va. to operate., work, 01 
- do 





Ophite, a s. green yellowish mar- 

Opiat, sf. opiate 
Opinant, sm. a voter, opinator 
Opiner, vn. to vote; to * give 

one's opinion 
Opiner du bonnet, io voteasothers 
Opiniatre, '2. a. s. obstinate, stiff 
Opiniatrement, ad. obstinately, 

Opiuiatrer, va. to maintain ob- 
stinately; to render obstinate 
S'opiniatrer, vr. to be obstinate 

in a thing, to * be bent 
Opiniatrete, sf. obstinacy 
Opinion, opinion; mind; belief, 

conceit; vote 
Opium, sm. opium 
Opi\atif,ve. a.— tive, obstructive, 

Opilation, sf. — tion, obstruction 
Opiler, va. to obstruct 
Opportun, e. a. of need, conve- 
nient, seasonable 
Opportunite, sf. —nity 
Opposani, e. a. opponent 
Opposer, va. to oppose, allege 
Opposite, 2. a sm. opposite 
Opposition, sf. opposition, hin- 

derance, exception 
Oppresser, va. to * oppress 
Oppresseur, sm. oppressor 
Oppressif, ve. a. oppressive 
Oppression, sf. oppression 
Opprimer, vn. to oppress 
Opprobre, sm disgrace, reproach 
Optatif, opt'itine mood 
Opter, va. to * choose 
Oplicien, sm. an optician 
Opticisme, optimity, the best 
Optiniiste, optimist 
Option, sf. choice, option 
Optique, 'i. a. sf. optics, optic 
Opuleinment, ad. plentifully 
Djiulence, sf. opulence, riches 
Opulent, e. a. opulent; rich 
Opuutia, sf. Indian Jig- tree 
Opuscule, sm. a small piece 
Or, sm. gol't; or, {in heraldry) 
Or, c. but, now, and 
Or, ca, now 
Or sus, come on 
Oracle, sm. orncle 
Orauo, a storm, broils 
Orageux, se. a- stormy 

Otaison,sf.<(pceck, oration, praij- 
Oral, e. a. oral [er 

Orange, sf. orange 
Orange, e. a. orange-coloured 
Orangead, sf. orange-sherbet 
Orangeat, sm. orange chips 
Oranger, an orangn-ti-ee 
Orangerie, sf. a green-house, an 

Orateur, sm. an orator 
Oratoire, 2. a. oratorial 

, sm. a house-chapcl 

Oratoireraent, ad. orator-like 
Orbe, sm. orb, circle 
— , 2. a. obscure, dark, hid 
Orbiculaire, 2. a. — lar, round 
Orbiculairement, ad. —larhj 
Orbite, .9/. orbit; socktt of the eye 
Orchestique, art of dancing 
Orcliestre, sm. orchestra 
Orchis, orchis, satyrion 
Ord, e. a. nasty; filthy 
Ordalie, sf. ordeal, trial 
Ordinaire, sm. the post, a cou- 
rier ; an ordinary ; commons, 
Ordinaire, 2. a. ordinary; vjtl- 
gar. — A rordinaire, as usual 
Ordinaixenient, ad. ordinarily, 

Ordinal; a. — nal; sm. ritual. 
Ordinandi sm. one that is to be 

Ordinant, a bishop, &c. who con- 
fers the holy orders 
Ordination, sf. — tion 
Ordonnance, ordinance; pre- 
scription; warrant 
Ordonnateur, sm. disposer 
Ordonner, va. to order, dispose; 

prescribe; ordain 
Ordre, sm. order, rate, disposi- 
tion, word, warrant 
Ordure, sf. filth, dust,swccpinos, 

Ordurier, sm- dust-baskrt 
Ordurier, e. a. s. obscene talker 
Ore, sm. treasure, mine 
Oree, .if. the skirts of a wood 
Orcillaid, e. Orillard. e. a. wide- 
eared, as a horse 
Oreille, sf. the ear, fold 
Oreiller, sm. a pillow 
Oreillette, sf. the auricle of the 
., heart; wire far the ear 

Orcmus, sm. prayer, orison, col 

Ortuvre, a goldsmith 
Orfevrerie, sf. a goldsmith''* 

ware or trade 
Oifraie, screech-owl 
Organe, sf. organ; meam 
Organique, 2. — nical 
Organisation, sf. —tion 
Organiser, va. to organize 
Organiste, s. an organist 
Oigansin, sm. sort of twisted silk 
Organsiner, va. to ticist silk 
Orgasme,sm.orgasmus, swelling 
Orge, sf. barley 

Oijieai,sm. sugared barlcy-watey 
Orgies, sf. pi. orgies, frantic re 

Orgue, S771. Orgues, sf. organ, 

ship's scupper-holes 
Orgueil, sm. pride, loftiness 
Orgueilieusenient, ad. proudly 
OrgueilleuX; se. a. proud 
Orient, sm. east 
Oriental, e. a. eastern, oriental 
Orienter, va. to * set in an cast- 
ward exposure 
S'orienter, vr. to consider when 

one is 
Orifice, sm. an orifice 
Oriflaoinie, sf. orifiam, royai 

Origan, sm. wild marjoram 
Originaire, 2. a. originally issuea 
Originairement, ad. originally, 

Orijiinal,e a original, primitivi 
Original, sm. original, an odd 

Originalit6, sf. originally 
Origine, origin, cause 
Originel, le. a. original 
Originellement, ad. — nally 
Orignac, Original, sm. elk 
Oriliaid, e. a. wide-cared 
Orillon, 5>«. ear; handle; swell 

ing about the car; casement 
Orin, buoy-rope 

Orion, Orion, a fine constellation 
Oripeau, tinsel, thin brass 
Ornie, an tlm 
Oiincau, a young elm 
Orniilie, sf. a bed of young elm$ 
Ormin, sm. a. sort of clay 
Ornioie, 5/. an elm-plot 





Orne, sm. a wild ask 
Ornement, ornament, set-off 
Orner, va. to adorn, embellish 
Orniere, sf. a wheel-rut 
Oi nithogale, star of Bethlehem. 

a plant 
Ornithologie, — logy 
Ornithoiogiste, sm. — logist 
Ornithomancie, sf. — mancy 
Oniobanche, chokeweed 
Orpailleur, sm. collector of gold 

Orphelin, e. a. s. an orphan 
Oipiment, sm. orpimcnt 
Orpin, orpiment « 

Orteil, a toe 

Orthodoxe, 2. a. s. orthodox 
Orthodoxie, sf. —dozy 
Orthogiaphe, —phy, spelling 
Orlhographie, — phy, profile 
Ortliographier, va. to spell, or * 

icrite true 
Orthographique, 2. a. —ical 
Ortliographiste, sm. — grapher 
Orthopedic, sf. good nursing of 

Ortie, sf. a nettle 
Ortolan, sm. an ortolan 
Orvale, sf. clary 
Orvietan, sm. orvietan 
Os, a bone 

Oscillation, sf. — tion 
Oscillatoire, 2. a. — tory 
Osciller, vn. to move like a pen 

Os6, e. a. daring, bold 
Oseille, 5/. sorrel 
Oser, vn. to * dare; * be so bold, 

Oseraie, sf. an osier-plot 
Osier, sm. an osier, loicker 
Osselet, small bone; cockall 
Ossemens, pi. bones; bones of 

dead bodies 
Osseux, se. a. bony 
(Ossification, sf. —tion 
Ossifier, va. to ossify 
< issifrague, sf. a large eagle 
Ossillon, sm. ossicle, small bone 
Ossu, e. a. large boned 
Ost, sm. host, army 
Ostensible, 2. a. —ble 
OstentAt\on,sf. o3tentation,vain 

glory, parade 
Ost6ologie, —logy 

Ostracee, 2. a. ostraceous 
Ostracisme, sm. — cism 
Ostracit6, sf. ostracities 
Ostrelin, sm. easterling 
Ostrogot, barbarian, clown 
Otage, a hostage 
Otalgie, sf. a pain in one's ear 
Ot6, ad. except, save, but 
Oter, va. to * take away, pull off, 

Ottomane, ^f. a large sopha, a 

Ou, c. or, either, else 
Oh, ad. where, whither; wherein, 

in which; to what 
Ouaille, sf. flock of a pastor 
Ovaire, sm. ovary 
Ouais : int. hey-day ! laclc-a-day ! 
Ovale, 2. a- sm. oval 
Ouate, sf. wadding 
Ouater, va. to furnish with wad- 
Ovation, sf. — tion,small triumph 
0\x\A\,sm. f or getfulness, oblivion 
Oublie, sf. a wafer 
Oubrier,ua. to * forget, to* leave 

S'oublier,ijr.<<» * forget one^s self 
Oubliettes, sf. pi. a dungeon 
Oublieur, sm. a wafer-man 
Oublieux, se. a. forgetful 
Oyest, sm. west 
Ouf! int. 01 pho! 
Oui, ad. sm. yes, ay 
Oui-da, yes indeed 
Oui-dire, sm. hearsay 
Ouie, sf. the hearing 
Ouies, gills {of fishes) 
Ovipare, 2. a. oviparous 
Odir, va. to hear 
Ouragan, sm. ahurricane 
Ourdir, va. to * warp; * frame; 

to brew; plot 
Ourdissoir, sm. weaver^s beam 

or loom 
Ourdissure, sf. warping 
Ourler, va. to hem 
Ourlet, sm. a hem 
Ours, a bear 
Ourse, sf. a she-bear 
Oursin, sm. sea hedgehog 
Ourson, a bear's cub 
0\irv!ir\,recallof apackof hounds 
Outanle, sf. a bustard 
I Outardeau, sm. a ynug bustard 

Outil, a tool 

Outilie,e. a. furnished with tools 
Outiller, va. to set up, to settle 
Outrage, sm. outrage, injury, af- 
Outrageant, e. a. outrageous 
Ouirager, va. to affront in the 
most gross manner, to abuse 
Outrageusement, ad. — gerously 
Outrageiix, se. o. outrageous, 

Outrance, a outrance, a toute 

outrance, excessively 
Outre, sf. leather bottle, budget 
Outre, ad. further, besides 
Outr6, e. a. incensed; grieved, 

rank; vexed, furious 
Clieval outr6, horse quite spent 
Outrement, ad. excessively, be- 
yond measure 
Outremer, s. beyond sea, ultra- 

Outre-mesure, ad. beyond mea- 
sure, excessively 
Outre-passer, va. to exceed 
Outrer,to * overwork, * override, 
incense; * run into extremes; 
Ouvert, e. a. open frank, free 
Ouvertement, ad. openly, freely 
Ouverture, sf. an opening; hole; 
opportunity; hint; overture; 

d'esprit, genius 

Ouvrable, jour ouvrable, work- 
ing day 
OnvTdige,, workmanship 
Ouvrag6, e. a. wrought, figured 
Ouvrer, v. to * work 
Ouvreur, se. s. boxkeeper at the 

Ouvrier, e. s. artificer, labourer^ 

author , maker 
Ouvrir, v. ta oj^en, to begin 
S'ouvrir, vr. to open one's mina 
Ouvroir, sm a workina--place 
Oyez, * hear; silence O^ld impe 
rative of the verb ouir) 

PACAGE, sm. pasture 
Pacager, vn. to graze 
Pacant. sm. sorry fellow, poor 
I wretch 





Pacificateur, sm. pacifier 

Pacification, ,«/ — tion 

Pacifier, va. to picify 

Pacifiqiic, 2. a. peaceable, pacific 

Pacifiquement, ad. peaceably 
Pacotille, sf. seaman" s venture 

Pacte, sm. compact, treaty 

Pactiser, c?i. to covenant 

Padou, sm. ferret; riband 

Paganisme, heathenism 

Page, a page; ship-boy 

, sf. page, side of a leaf 

Pagne, a piece of cotton cloth 
Vised by the negroes 

Pagne, sm. pun gar (sea fish) 

Pagnote, s. coward 

Pagode, 5/ apagod 

Paillasse, a stra^w bed 

, sm. merry- andreio 

Paillasson, garden-mat; umbrel- 
la for windows 

Paille, sf. straic.fiair, chaff 

Pailler, sm. f arm-yard; barn- 
door; landing-place 

Paillet, sm. light red wine; boWs 
spring [stamina 

Paillette, sf. spangle: goll-.^and; 

Pailleur, sm. a strair-seller 

Pailleiix, cuse. a. britilc 

Paillon, sm. link; solder 

Pain, bread; loaf 

Pair, a peer; mate 

Paire, sf. apai'-; brace 

Pairessc, a peeress 

Pairic, yeemtre: peerdom 

rai3, vid Pays, &c. 

Paisiljle, 2. a. peaceable, still, 

Paisiblcment, ad. r/victly 

Paissanl, e. a. grazing {in he- 

Paissoaii, sm. a prop for vines 

Paissclor, va. fo * prop vines 

Paitro, va. to feed, graze 

Pe paitre, to feed upon 

Pait, ."?/. pace, pax, blade-bone 
of mill ton, Sc. 

Paladin, sm. knight-errant 

Palais, pnlace; court of Judica- 
tnrr; the palate; triple 

Palanque, sf. feme 

Palanqner, va. to liol-t 

Palanqnin, sm. a sedan 

Palatin, a Pnlatins 

, c. a. Palatine 

Palatinat, sm. — nate 

Palatine, sf. a tippet 

Pale, a dam; a sluice 

Pale, 2. a. pale, wan 

Pal6e, sf. the fiat of an oar; 
piles of a wooden bridge 

PaJefrenier, sm. a groom 

Palefroi, palfrey, lady's horse 

Paleron, shoulder-blade 

Palestre, sf. wrestling place 

Palet, sm. a quoit 

Paleter, vn. to play at quoits 

Palette, sf battledoor; painter's 
pallet; printer's slice; por- 

Paieur, paleness 

Palier, sm. a landing-place 

Paiinodie, sf. recantation . 

Pfilir, va. to * grow pale 

Palis, sm. fence of pales 

Palissade, sf. palisade; stake; 

hedge; row of trcs 
Palissader, va. to palisade 

Palissant, e. a. that grows pale 

Palisser, va. to pale 
Palot, sm. silly clown 
Palliatif, ve. a. palliative 

, sm. a palliative 

Palliation, sf. palliation; exte 

iLuation; colou7-ing 
Pallier, va: to palliate, colour 
Pallium, .«m. a pall, cloak 
Palmi Christi, —ti, {a plant) 
Palme, sf. a branch of the palm- 

— , sm. a hand's breadth 
Palinirr, palm-tree; date-tree 
Palombe, sf. a kind of pigeon 
Palonnoau. Palonncr,s;rt. s/>rin^ 

tree bar of a coach 
Palpable, 2. a. palpable; clear 
Palpablement, ad. palpably 
Palper, vn. to * feel 
Palpitant, e. a panting 
Palpitation, sf. palpitation 
Palpiter, vn. to palpitate; pant 
Paltoqnet, sm. a clown 
So pamer, vr. to swoon: faint 
Pamplilet, sm. a pamphlet 
Pamoison, sf. a swoon, or faint- 

in g fit 
Pampe, corn-leaves 
Pampre, sm. vine-leaves 
Pamprd, e. a. decked with vine- 

Pan, .<>m. lappet; flap; pane; 

Panache, sf. panacea 
Panache, sm. bunch of feathers; 

mixture ^colours in afiuwer 

, sf. a peahen 

Se pan ar her, vr. to * be streaked 

with various colours 
Panade, 5/. panado 
Se pauader, vr. to strut with a 

proud gait 
Panage, sm. pasture price 
Panais, parsnip 
Panaris, whitlow , felon 
Paiicaliers, sm. pi. sort of cab 

Pancarte, sf. bill posted up 
Pancreas, sm. pancreas, or 

Pancreatique, 2. a. pancreatic 
Pandectes, sf. pi. pandects, 01 

Pandora, .<t/. pandora 
Pandou;',5m. Hungarian soldiet 
Pan«^gj'rique, a panegyric 
I'aniJ'gyri.sto, sm. a panegyrist 
Paner, va. to * do meat ovei 

with crumbs of bread 
Panccrte, .«/. a basket-full 
Panetiine,' pantry 
Panetier, sm. pa'ntler 
Panetiere, s/. shepherd's scrip 
Panic, Panicuni, sm. millet 
Panier, basket, hoop-petticoat 
Panneau, sm. panncl; panej 

trap; snare 
Paneton, the key-bit 
I'ansard, e. a. s. paunch-bcllicd 
Panse, .«/. paunch; guts 
Pansement,s//i dressing wounds', 

looking after 
Panser, vr. to * dress a wound; 

to look after a horse 
Pansu, e. a. s. paunch-bellied 
Paiitalon, sm. —loon, buffoon 
Pantalonnade, sf. droll, dance, 

Pantelor, vn. to pant 
Panthdon, srn. pantheon 
Panthcre, sf. a panther 
PantifTC, a draw-net 
Pantosraphe, sm. —graph 
Pantois, e. a. short-winded 
Pantomime, sm. — mime; minus 


pantoufle, sf. a slipper 

I'aon, sm. a peacock 

Paone, sf. a peahen 

Paonneau, sm. youngpeacock 

Papa, papa, father 

Fapable, 2. a. that may be made 
a pope 

Papal, e. a. papal 

Papaute, sf. papacy; popedom 

Pape, sm. the pope 

Papegai, wooden bird to shoot at 

Papelard, e. s. a hypocrite 

Papelaidise, sf. hypocrisy 

Papeline, poplin 

Paperasse, old dusty writings, 
waste paper 

Paperasser, vn. * be ever scrib- 

Paposse, sf. a female pope 

I'apeterie, paper-mill, paper- 
trade [tioner 

Pa[)etier, e. s. paper-maker; sta- 

Papier, sm. paper; manuscript; 
book; writing 

Papier-monnoie, paper-money, 

Papillaire, 2. a. papillary 

Papille, sf. papilla; teat 

Papillcs, sf. pi. small eminences 
on the tongue 

Papillon, sm. a butterfly; a fop 

Papillonner, vn. to flutter about 

Papillotage,s»i. the putting hair 
in papers 

Papillote, sf. spangle; curling 

Papilloter, va. to * put hair in 

, vn. to twinkle 

Papisme, sm. popery 

Pajjiste, s. a papist [pish 

Papistique, 2. a. papistical; po- 

PapolAtrc, Tffi. a papist 

Paipie, 5/. the passovcr 

T'aqiierette, Easter-daisy 

Paciiies closes, 2>Z. Rogation Sun- 

Paques fleuries, Palm Sunday 

I'aques, Easter devotions 

Paciuf', Paques, sm. Eister 

Patpiet, packet; parcel; bundle 

Paque-hot, a packet-boat 

Pacjuoter, vn. to packet 

Paquis, sm. pasture 

Par v^ by; on; through; out; 


of; for; with; about; in; 
over; at 
Par oii, which way 

— ici, this way 

— la, that way; thereby 

— de la, 071 the other side 

— tout, every where 

— tout ofi, wherever 

— dessous, under, underneath 

— dessus, over; on; upon 

— le haut, upwards 

— en haut, upwards 

— lo bas, duicnwards 

— en bas, downwards 

— haut & par bas, upwards and 

— deca, this side 

— dedans, within 

— dehors, without 

— devant, before; forwards 

— derrierc, behind; backwards 

— ici par-la, ad. here and there 
'— fois, sometimes 

— trop, too much 

— devers, by 

Parabola, sf. parable: parabola 
Parabolique, 2. a. — Lical 
Paraboiiquenient, ad. —lically 
Paracheveuient, sm. ending 
Parachever, va. to finish, end 
Parachronisme, sm. — nism 
Parachute, parachute 
Paraclet, the Comforter 
Parade, sf. parade; state; show; 

Paradigme, sm. — digm, model 
Paradis, paradise, the upper gal- 
Paradoxal, e. a. — doxical 
Paradoxe, sm. a paradox, aii 

odd opinion 
Parafa, Parapho, a flourish add- 
ed to one's signature 
Parafer, Parapher, va. to sign 

with a flourish 
Parage, sm. part of the sea 

, extraction; lineage 

Paragogique, 2. a. — gical 
Paragraphe, sm. paragraph 
Paraguante, sf. pair of gloves, 

a present 
Parallaxe, parallax 
Paranoic, 2. a. sf. parallel 

, sm. comparison 

Parallelisme, —lism 



Paral]elo:,'rannne, —gram 
Paraiogisine, — gism 
Paralyser, va. to deprive of feel' 

ing; to numb 
Paralysie, sf. a palsy 
Paralytique, 2. a. s. paralytic 
Parangon, sm. type; primer; 

model; black marble 
Paraiigonner, va. to compare 
Paranoniasie, sf. affinity of 

Paranl, e. a. adorning 
Paranyniplie, sm. public eulogh 

Paranynipher, va. to praise 
Parapet, sm. parapet; breast)- 

Paraphrase, sf. paraphrase 
Paraphraser, va- to comment, to 

Para|)hraste, sm. an expounder 
Parapluie, an umbrella 
Parasange, sf. parasang 
Paraselene, sf. a mock moon 
Parasite, s)n. a spungcr 
Parasitique, sf. craft of a spta>r 

Parasol, sm. an umbrella 
Paravent, folding screen 
Paibouillir, vn. to parboil 
Pare, sm. a park; a fold 
Parcago, sheep-folding 
Parcelle, .sf. aparccl; partick 
Parceciiic, c. because 
Parcheniin, sm. parchment 
Parcheminerie, sf. place where 

parchment is made; parck- 

Parciicniinier, sm. parchment- 

Parcourir, va. to travel over, 

* run over; survey 
Parderricre, ad. behind 
Pardessous, pr. underneath 
Pardessus, sm. over and abaw 

, pr. over; higher; beyond 

Pardjvant, before; in presence 
Pardevers, by, against 
Pardon, s?r.. pardon; forgive' 

Pardonnablc, 2. a. pardonable 
Par.lonner, va. to pardon; * for- 

give; spare 
Pareil, le. a. s. like; equal 






Pareillemeut, in like manner 

Parelie, sf. a mock-sun; meteor- 
ous deception 

Paremeut, sm. facing of gar- 
ments; free stone; pavement 
on the sides of streets; man- 

Parent, relation; kinsman 

Parente, 5/. kinswoman 

Parentage, sm. —ge, relations 

Parens, sjn. pi. parents, parent- 

Parente, sf. kindred 

Parenteie, relations 

Parenllicse, parenthesis 

Parer, va. to * deck; * set off; 
parry; ward of; weather 

Se parer, vr. to adorn one's self; 
boast of; avoid 

Parere, sm. commercial decisions 

Paresse, sf. sloth, idleness, lazi- 

Paresser, vn. to be indolent 

Paresseux, se. a. s. slothful; 
idle: lazy; sluggard 

Parfaire, va. to perfect 

Paifait, e. a. perfect, complete 

Parfait, sm. preterite. 

Parfaitement, ad. perfectly 

Parfois, sometimes 

Parfondre, va. to melt 

Parfournir, va. to complete 

Parfuni, sm. perfume 

Parfumer, va. to perfume 

Parfumeur, se. 5. perfumer 

Pari. sm. a wager, bet 

Pariade, sf. pairing time; brace 

Parier, va. to bet, * lay 

Pari6taire, sm. pellitory of the 

Parieur, a better 

Parite, sf. parity, equality 

Parjure, 2. a. s. perjurer 

, sm. perjury 

Se parjurer, va. to * forswear 
one's self 

Pa.T\ement, sm. parliament, ses- 

Parlementaire, 2. a. s. a whig 

Parlementer, vn. to parley 

Parier, to * speak, talk 

Se — , vr. to converse 

Parier, sm. speech; discourse 

Parlerie, 5/. loquacity, talki 

Parieur, se. s. a talker 

Parloir, sm. parlour {in a mo- 
Panne, sf. a little round buckler 
Parmesan, sm. — son cheese 
Parraesane, sf. sort of ancmony 
Parmi, pr. among, atnidst 
Parnasse, sm. Pamassus,poetry, 

Parnassien, a. of or belonging to 

Mount Parnassus 
Parodie, sf. parody 
Paradicr, va. to parody 
Parodiste, sm. parodist 
Parol, sf. partition wall 
Paroir, s/rt. a farrier's buttress 
Paroisse, sf. a parish 
Paroisslal, e. a. parochial 
Paroissien, ne. s. parishioner 
Paroitre, vn. to appear, * look 
Parole, sf. word; speech 
Parol], siii.paroli 
Parotide, sf. parotis 
Paroxisme, sm. paroxysm 
Parque, sf. destiny, fate 
Parquer, va. to park,-fold 
Parquet, sm. bur of a court of 

Justice: inlaid floor 
Parquetage, inlaid work 
Parqueter, va. to * inlay 
Perrain, sm. a godfather 
Parricide, 2. a. s. parricide 
Parsemer, va. to strew 
Parsimonie, sf. —mony 
Part, part; concern; share; 

side; place. A part, aside. 

Nnlle part, no where 

Paitage, sm. a share,loi, division 
Partager, va. to share, divide 
Partance, sf. sailing, departure 

of a ship 
Partant, c. therefore, wherefore 
Parterre, sm. flower-garden, 
grass-plot; pit of a play-house 
Parti, party; means; offer; re- 
solution; place; side; way 
Partial, e. a. partial 
Partialement, ad. partially 
Se partialiser, vr. to be * partial 
Partialite, sf. partiality 
Participant, e. a. partaker 
Participation, 5/. —Hon, share 
Participe, sm. —pie, partner 
Participer, vn. to partake 
Particulariser, va. to particular- 

Particularito, sf. particularity 

Panicnle, particle 
Particulier, e. a particular, odd^ 

Un particulier, private man 
ParticuliL-rcmcnt, —cularly 
Parlie. sf. pirl; qualiflcation, 

sum; game; party; client; 

match [pat of 

Partiel, le, a. not the whole, a 
Partir, vn. to * set out, to * go; 

* go away; proceed; start; 

* spring; depart; * flow 
Partir, va. to part, divide 
Partitcur, a divisor 
Partitlf, ve. a. partitive 
Partition, sf.—tion, division 
Partout, ad. every where 
Paivenir, va. to arrive, reach, 

come to preferment, attain 
Parvis, sm. court before a church 

Parure, sf. finery; attire; dress, 


Parures, pi. shags; parings , 

Pa5, sm. step; pace; stile J 

— , ad. no, not ; 

Pascal, e. a. paschal 
Pasquinade, sf. a lampoon 
Pasquiniser, vn. to slander 
Passable, 2. a.passable, tolerabU 
Passablement, ad. so so 
Passade, sf. going through, turn 
Passage, S7n. passage; way; toil 
Passager, e. a. passing; tran- 

, c. s. a passenger 

Passaccrement, ad. for a littls 
while; lightly [vcllet 

Passant, sm. a passenger, a tra 
Passavant, a passport 
Passe, sf. pass; channel; over- 
plus; way; hen-sparrow 
Passee, a. past; over; out of 

use; last; dead and gone 
— sm. times past; things past 
Passe-droit, sm. indulgence^ 

Passee, sf. passage of troopa 
Passefleur, holly-hock 
Passement, sm. orris, lace 
Passemen^r, va. to cover with 
lace, silk, Src. 





Passementier, sin. a laceman 

Passe-partout, a master-key, a 

passe, juggling 

port, a passport 

pied, Scotch step 

poil, list of cloth 

Passer, v. to * pass; excel; * go 
beyond: exceed; * come or * go 
by; * skip; * out-run; allow 

Se passer, or. to fade; * do with- 

Pasrierage, sf. dittandcr 

Passereau, sm. sparrow 

Passe-rose, sf. holy-hock 

terns, sin. pastime, sport 

velours, amaranth 

Passeur, a ferryman 

Pdssibilil6, sf. — lity, aptness to 

Passible, 2. a. — able; apt to 

Passif, ve. a. passive [suff'er 

Passion, 5/. passion, love 

Passionne, e. a. passionately in 
love; prepossessed; greedy 

Passiounement, ad. passionately 

Passionner, va. to humour a tune, 
a part 

Se passionner, vr. to * have a 
strong desire; *fall into apas 

PassivemeiU, ad. —vely 

Passivete, sf. passiveness, pas- 

Passoire, a colander, strainer 

Pastel, sm. woad, pastel 

Pasteur, shepherd; pastor; mi 

Pastille, sf. pastil; crayon 

Pastoral, e. a. — ral, rural 

Pastorale, sf. a pastoral 

Pastoraleuient, ad. like a good 

Pasioureau, sm. a sioain 

Pasiourelle, sf. a lass 

Patache, advice-boat 

Patagoa, sm. a patacoon 

Pataraffe, sf. a Strawl, a dash in 

Patard, sm-. the smallest coin 

Patale, sf. a potato 

Pataud, sm. thick-footed young 

Pataud, e. *. great plump boy or 

Patanger, vn. to walk in muddy 

Pate, sf. paste; dough; consti- 
tution; temper 
Pate, sm. a pie; pasty; blot; pate 
Piitee, sf. paste for poultry 
Patelin, sm. a crafty fellow 
Patelinage, wheedling 
Pateliner, v. to wheedle; gull; * 

Patelineur, se. s. wheedler 
Patene, sf. chalice's cover 
Patenotre, chaplet; bead 
Patenotrerie, bead-trade 
Patenotrier, sm. bead-maker 
Patent, e. a. patent 
Patente, sf. a patent 
Pater, sm. the Lord's Prayer 
Pater, va. to paste 
Patere, sf. a kind of cup [nal 
Paternel, le. a. fatherly, paler- 
Parens pateinels, pi. m. relations 

on the father's side 
Paternellement, ad. —nally 
Paternite, sf. — ty, fatherhood 
Pater-noster, sm. — ter 
Pateux, se. a. clammy 
Patlietique, 2. a. sm. pathetic 
Patli6tiquemcnt, ad. — tically 
Pathologie, sf. — logy 
Pathologique, 2. a. — logic 
Pathos, sm. pathos, mooing 
Patibulaire, 2. a. — lary 
Mine patibulaire, /. a gallows 

Paiiemnient, ad. patiently 
Patience, sf. patience 
Patience, ad. well and good 
Patient, e. a. patient, constant 
Patient, sm. malefactor going to 

be hanged 
Patienter, vn. to * have patience 
Palin, sm. skaii, clog, patten 
Patiner, vn. to skait 
Patiner, va. to fumble, paw 
Patineur, sm. skaiter, f ambler 
Pater, vn. to suffer 
Patis, sm. pasture [jcork 

Patisser, vn. to * make paslry- 
Patisserie, sf. pastry-work 
Patissier, e. s. pastry-cook 
Patois, sm. gibberish 
Paton, fattening ball 
Patraque, sf. gewgaw, old stuff 
Patre, sm. a herdsman 

Patriarcal, e. a. —dial 
Patriarcat, sm. —chate 
Patriarclie, a patriarch 
Patrice, patrician, noble 
Patriciat, patriciate 
Patricien, ne. a. — cian 
Patrie, sf. native country 
Patrinioine, sm. patrimony 
Patrimonial, e. — nial 
Patriote, sm. a patriot 
Patriotique, 2. a. patriotic 
Patriotisine, sm. —tism 
Patrociner, va. to preach 
Patron, sm. patron; pattern 
Patronage, —age; advowson 
Patrononiique, 2. a. — mic 
Patronne, sf. patroness 
Patrouillage, sm. paddling; pud 

Patrouille, sf. patrol, rounds 
Pairouiller, vn. to paddle; paw; 

Patrouillis, sm. paddhe 
Patte, sf. a paw; foot; flap 
Pattepelii, sm. a cheating coaxer 
Patlee, sf. rap with a ferula 
Pattu, e. a. rough footed 
Paturage, sm. pasturage; feed- 

Pature, sf. provender, food 
Patureau, sm. a green or common 
Paturer. vn. to '^ feed 
Patureur, sm. a feeder of horses 

in the army, in war-time 
Paturon, a pastern 
Pavage, paving 
Pavane, sf. a pavane dance 
Se pavaner, vr. to strut 
Pave, sm. pavement 
Piivumaiil, pavement, paved floor 
Paver, va. to pave 
Pavesade, sf. netting sails 
Paveur, sm. a paviour 
Pavie, sm- nectarine tree 

, a nectarine 

Pavilion, pavilion, tent-bed,Jiag 
Paulette, sf. paulet; tax 
J'aunie, palm of the hand; hand. 

Jives; tennis 
Paunier, va. to * give a slap 
Pauniier, sm. the master of a 

tennis court 
Pavois, a great shield 
Pavoisser un vaisseau, to fence a 




Pavot, 5m. a poppy 

Paupiere, sf. eye-Lid, eye-lashes 

Pause, pause; stop; rest 

Pauser, to pause, to * stop 

Pauvre, 2. a. s. poor; berrgar 

Paiivremeut, ad. poorly; beg- 

Pauvret, le. a- poorish 

Pauvrete, sf. poverty, meanness, 
silly thing 

Payable, 2. a. payable 

Paye, sf. pay, salary 

Pavement, sin. payment 

Payen, ne. a. s. pagan 

Payer, va. to * pay 

Payeur, se. s. paymaster or mis- 

Pays, sm. country 

Paysage, landscupe 

Paysagiste, landscape painter 

Paysaa, ne. 5. countryman or wo- 
man; peasant; clown 

Paysan, ne. a. clownish, rustic 

Peage, sm. toll, turnpike 

Peager, turnpike-man; publi- 

Peau, sf. skin; hide; rind; peel 

Peausserie, skinner's trade or 

Peaussier, sm. a skinner 

Pec hareng pec, pickled hemng 

Peccable, 2. a. peccable 

Pcccadille, sf. peccadillo 

Peccavi, 5/71. repentance 

Pdche, sf. peach; fishing 

P6ch6, sm. a sin 

Pecher, va. to sin, transgress 

P6clier, va. to fish 

Pocher, sm. a peach-tree 

Pecherie, sf. fishery 

P6cl)etir, pccheresse, 5. a. sinner 

Pechour, sm. a fisherman 

P6core, sf. a stupid creature 

Pecque, a silly woman 

Pectoral, sm. a breast-plate 

, c. a. — ral, stomachic 

Peculat, sm. embezzlement of 
public money 

P6cnle, peculium, substarice 

Pecune, sf. money 

Pecuniaire, 2. a. pecuniary 

Pecunieux, se. a. monied 

Pedagosie, sf. —gy 

P6dag(jgique, 2. a. — gic 

Pedagogue, sm. pedagogue 


P6dale, sf. pedal, low key of 

Pedant, e. s. a pedant 

, e. 5. pedantic 

Pedanter, vn. to * be a school 

pedant; to be conceited 
Pedanterie, sf. pedantry 
Pedantesque, 2. pedanlical 
Pedantesquement, ad. pedanti- 
Pedantiser, va. to act a pedant's 

Pedamisine, sm. pedantry 
Pedestre, 2. a. pedestrious 
Pediculaire, 2. a. —lar, lousy 
Pcdicule, sm. stalk; pedicle 
Pogase, Pegasus 
Peigne, coiiib, cards, brake 
Peigner, va. to comb, to card 
Se poigiier, vr. to comb one's head 
Peigneur, sm. a carder; comber 
Peignier, comb-maker, ^^-c. 
Peignoir, combing-cluth 
Peignures, sf. pi. hair combed off 
Peindre, va. to * draw, paint; 

describe, * xcrite; adorn 
Se peindre, vr. to * be repre- 
Peine, sf. pain; penalty; pains; 

a peine, ad. hardly 

Peiner, va. to pain, trouble, * 

work hard 
Se peiner, vr. to * take great 

Peinense (semaine,) a week of 

Peinlre, sm. a painter 
Peinture, sf. painting; picture; 

court card 
Peinture, e. a. painted only with 

one colour 
Peinturer, va. to paint with one 

colour; to colour 
Peinlurlurcr, va. to daub 
Pelade, sf. falling of the hair 
P6le-mele, ad. confusedly 
Peler, va. to * make bald; pare; 

Pele, sm. abaldpated man 
PcMe, sf. a bald-patcd woman 
P6lerin, e. s. pilgrim; sharp fel- 
low; cunning gipsy 
Pt'leriiiage, sm. pilgrimage 
P61ican, a pelican 


Pelisse, sf. a furred robe 

Pelisson, sm. furred petticoat 

Pelle, sf. a. shovel 

Pellee, Pelleree, shovel-full 

Pelleron, sm. a little oven-peel 

Pelleterie, sf. skinner's or /mt* 
ritr's trade; fur skins; skijf 
ncr's street 

Pelletier, e. s. furrier, skinner 

Pelliculc, 5/. a pellicle, cuticle 

Pelote, pincushion; bottom qf 
thread; clew; ball 

Pelote, ou 6toile, star in a horse's 

Peloter, va. to * toss; to bang", 
to throw snuw balls 

Pelotoii, sm. a clew of thread., 
snow-ball; knot of people 

Pelotonner, va. to run into heaps; 

Pelouse, sf. down; greensward 

Pelu, e. a. hairy 

Peluclie, sf. shag; tuft 

Pelure, paring; peel 

Penaille, monkery 

Penaillon, sm. a rag; (in con- 
tempt) a monk; a friar 

Penal, e. a. penal 

P6nalitc, sf. penalty 

Penard, sm. a dotard; old fusty 

Penates,dieux iteaales, pi. house- 
hold gods 

Penaud, e. a. out of countenance 

Penchant, sm. declivity, propcn- 
sion; decline; brink 

Pencliant, e. a. leaning; bend- 
ing; declining 

Pencliement, sm. leaning; loU- 

Pencher, va. to * bend; to in- 
cline; to * be inclined 

Se pencher, rr. to * stoop; ♦ leanj 

Pes airs pench^s, lolling 

Penable, a. hanging matter 

Pendaison, sf. hanging ofi 

Pendant, ;7r. during 

que, ad. whilst 

Pendant, sm. ear-ring; ship^e 
pendant; hanger of a belt 

Pendans a 3 grains, 3 drop pen- 

Pendard, e. s. a villain, jade 





iidcloque, sf. an ear-b 
hanging crystals 
reticlentif, sm. arch, vault 
Penderie, sf. hanging [fro 

Peiuliller, vn. to dangle to and 
Peudoir, sm. cord to hang bacon 

P.-'iidre, V. to * hang 
P.iudiile, s/. a cluck 
1' -iiduk', sm. a pendulum 
['lue, bolt of a lock 
IVastr.-ibilite, sf. —lity 
i'.'iietrable, 2. a. penetrable 
? jiietraiit) e. a. penetrating; sa 
., gacious, (juick, sharp 
Pti;i6tratif, ve. —live 
P.iiiclration, sf. — lion, sagacity 
P(iiiolft;r, V. to penetrate; * go. 

*gct,pierce or soak through; * 

understand, dive into 
Penible, 2. a. laborious, hard 
Pfinihleinent, ad. painfully 
P6ni!isale, sf. peninsula 
P6iikeiice, repentance, penance 
Peniltiicerio, the penitentiary 

court at Rome 
P6nifenciel, le. a. —tential 
Peuiieiicier, sm. — ientiaru 
P6niteiit, e. a. a. vemtcni 
PenileiUiel, sm. penance oouk 
Penuage, the feather of a hawk 
Peane, sf. beam feather of a 

Penombre, penumbra 
PeAs6e, thinking; care; notion; 

thought; sketch 

heart's ease 

Penser, v. to think; imagine; 

beliecc; suppose 
Penser, sm. thought 
Pcnseiir, s. a t/iinking 7nan 
Pen3if, ve. a. pensive 
Pension, sf. board, boarding 

house; sc/iool; pension 
Ponsionnaire, s. boarder, pen- 
Pensionner, va. to give a pension 
Penstim, sm. imposition 
Penm^one, a. pentagonal 
Penta£;one, sm. pentagon 
Penlanietre, —meter 
Pentateuque, sm. — teuch, the 

five books of Muses 
Pente, sf. declivity, valance, 



Pentecote, JVhitsunday, pente- 

Pentuie, iron-work of a door, or 

Penultienie, 2. a. s. last but o7ie; 

Penuiie, sf. —ry, indigence 
Peoto, small Dalmatian ship 
P'jpie, pip, thirst 
Popier, vn. to pip; * chirp 
Pepin, sm. kernel; stone 
Pepiniere, sf. nursery, seed-plot 
Pepiniftrisle, sm. nursery-gar- 
Peicant, c, a. piercing; sharp; 

acute, boring; shrill 
Perce en perce, ad. broached 
Du perce en perce, quite through- 
Percc-foret, sm. a great hunter 

leltre, a bodkin 

neige, sf. snow-drop 

Oreille, sm. ear wig 

• pierre, sf. sea fennel 

Percement, sm. an opening 
Perceptible, 2. a. —bis 
Perception, sf. — tion, receipt 
Percer, va. to pierce; * tap; * 

break through, bore 
Percevoir, va. to gather 
Perceur, sm. a borer 
Pcrche, sf. a peich, pole, rod 
Percher, vn. to perch, roost 
Perchoir, sm. a perching stick or 

Perclns, e. a. who has lost the u^e 

of his limbs; imputent 
Percoir, sm. a piercer 
Percu, e. a. received, gathered 
Percussion, sf. —tion, stroke 
Perdant, e. s. loser 
Perdition, sf. perdition; wreck 
Perdre, va. to * Ijse; ruin; cor- 
Se perdre, vr. to * lose one's 

self; to * be cast away 
Perdreau, sm. young partridge 
Perdrigon, sort of plum 
Perdrix, sf. a partridge 
Perdu, e. a. lost; leicd, undone 
Perdurable, 2. a. lasting 
Pere, sm. father 
Pere-nourricier, foster-father 
P6r6grination, sf. — tion 
P6remption, nonsuit 

Pereinptoire, 2 a. peremptory 
Peremptoirement, ad. — torily 
Perennial, e. a. perennial 
Perfection, sf. perfection 
Peifectionnement, sm. improve 

Perfectionner, va. to perfect, to 

Se perfectionner, vr. to improve 
Perfide, 2. a. s. perfidious 
Perfidemcnt, ad. —diously 
Perfidie, sf. perfidy, falsehood 
Perforation, — tion 
Perftjrer, va. to bore; to pierce 
Pericliter, vn. to * be in danger 
Pericrane, sm. — cranium 
Peridot, —dot, a precious stone 
Perigee, perigee 
Perih6iie, —Hum 
Peril, danger, peril 
Perilleusement, ad. perilously 
Periileux, se. a. dangerous 
Perimer, va. to nonsuit 
Perimetre, sm. circumferenc* 
P6rinee, perinaium 
Periode, piich; summit 
Periode, sf. period, lime 
P6riodique, 2. a. — dical 
Periodiquement, ad. — dically 
P6ripat6ticien, a. peripatetic 
Peripat6tismp, sm. Aristoth'a 

P6rip6tie, sf. sudden turn of 

Ptiriplirase, — phrasis 
P6riphraser, »ra. to periphrase 
P6ripnennionie, sf. —ny, or in- 
flammation of the lunga 
P6rir, vn. to perish, decay 
P6risciens, sm. pi. Periscii 
P6rissable, 2. a. perishable 
Peristyle, sm. — tyle 
Peritoine, sm.periton<Bum 
Perle, sf. a. pearl; rarity 
Perle, e. a. pearled; curled 
Perlures, sf. pi. curlings of a 

Perlustrer, 7m. to * run over; to 

stray over 
Permanence, sf. — nency 
Permanent, e. a. lasting 
Permettre, va. to permit; svffor, 

* let; allow; sive leave; toi« 

rate; to * wink at 
Permis, e. a. Iniaful 



Pcrmis, sm. a permit 
IVrinission, sf.permibsioTi, leave 
reriiiuiant, sm. pcrmutcr 
Periiiuiation,s/. — Lion, exchange 
of Utiing {iiig 

I'cj uiuter, vn. to ezchange a liv- 
reniicieusemeut, ad. prmiciotis- 
l*iiiiiicieux,se. a. pernicious [lij 
Peroiie, sm. the shiii 
I'eronnele, sf. slut, saucij jade 
Peroraisoii, peroration., close of 
an oration {late 

Perorer, va. to sum up, recapitu- 
Pt;ri>tjiitliculaire, 2. a.sf. —cular 
Ptsimndiciilaircmenl, ad. per- 

Perpeiidicularii6, sf. — ritij 
PoipeutUcule, sm. a plummet 
P<;i[wtrer, va. to commit 
P-.ipeiuaiiou, sf. — tion 
Perjieiuel, le. a. perprtual, pe- 
rennial, endless 
Per|>6iiicllement, ad. — tuallij 
Porpetiior, va. to perpetuate 
»?e — , vr. to * be perpetuated 
Per|)6liiitu, sf. perpetuity 
Pcrpleve, 2. a. perplexed 
Perplexit6, sf. perplcxitij 
Perquisilioii, strict inquiry; tho- 
rough search 
Perriere, a stone qunrry 
Perron, sm. steps before a house 
Pt'iroquet, a parrot; a top-gal 
lant-mast; top-sail; fulding- 
Pciruche, sf. a paroquet 
Perruque, a wig, peruke 
pprruquier, em. periwig-maher 
PijiS, e. a. bluish gray 
i*erse, sf. Persian calico [ing 
Pers^culanl, e. a. — culing; teas 
Pers6ciiter, va. to persecute, to 

PerscciUeur, rico. s. persecutor 
Pei"S«icution, sf. persecution 
Perseverance, perseverance 
pL-rsfvuraiil, e. a. s. constant; 

PtrsfevAror, vn. to pei'scvere, to 

Persicol sm. a kind of spiritu- 
ous liquor [blind 
Persionne, sf. Venetian icinduic- 
Per9l*?age, sm. jeering, s'^oijmg 
Pcrsirter, va. to jeer, ridicule 


Pfstifere,2. a.-/crou5,conta^zVm 
i*<'>ii!t;re, e. a. s. infected votth 

the plague 
Pesiiieiico, sf. -pestilence 
Pestilent, e. a. ptstilevt 
Pesiileuiiel, le. pt.>siilent;eux, 

euse. a. pcstilcntinl 
Pet, sm. crack; wind 
Pelale, pital 

Petarade, .«/. a s>gn of contempt 
Petard, sm. petard, cracker 
Petatder, va. to * blow up with 

a petard or mortar 
Petardier, sm. a pUardcer 
Pesaudiere, sf. a bear-garden, 

a confused company 
Peter, vn. crackle, bounce 
Perspective, sj. perspective, view I Poieroile, sf. small cracker 
Pesp\cnc\le, perspicacity iPetillant, e. o. sparkling; met. 



Persifleur, sm.jeertr, scoffer 

Pi:rs}\, parsley 

Persiliade, sf. beefsteaks with 

Persique, large peach; order in 

Persister, vn. to persist, * hold on 
Personnage, sm. person, person- 
age; part 
Personnaliser, va. to personalize 
Personnaiit6, sf. personality 
Personne, a person 

pr. nobody, any one 

Personnel, le. a. personal 
Personncllement, 'a(Z. —sonally 
Personnifier, va. to personify 
Perspectif, a. optical 

Perspicuite, perspicuity 
Perspiration, — tion, sioeating 
Persuadant, e. a. prrsuasice 
Persuader, vn. to persuade, sa- 
tisfy; advise; induce 
Se perenader, vr. to fancy 
Persuasible, 2. a. —ble 
Persuasif, ve. a. pcrsn-isiee 
Persuasion, sf. persnasivn 
Pcite, loss; damage, ruin 
Pertinennnent, ad. pertinently 
Pertinent, e. a. pertinent, pat 
Perluis, sm. narrow pass, hole 
Pertuisane, sf. partisan; kind 

of halberd 
Perturl)ateur, rice. s. disturber 
Perturbation, sf. — tion, trouble 
Pervenche, perriwinkle {an herb) 
Pervcrs, e. a. perverse 
Perversion, s/. — sion, corruption 
Perversil6, — sity, wickedness 
Pervenir, va. to pervert 
Pesainnient, ad, heavily 
Pesant, c. a. heavy; dull 
Pesant, sm. weight 
Pesanteur,s/. weight; heaviness; 

dulness; bulk 
Pes6e, weighing; all that is 

rceighcd at once 
Pcse-liqucur, sm. areometer 
Peser, va. to weigh, ponder 
Pt'senr, sm. a weight r 
Pe.son, a steelyard; whirl 
Pesie, sf. the plague 
Pester, va. to mil at; * tell talcs 
to the mast-r; * be mad; tear 


Petiller, vn. to crackL; sparkle, 

long, * be eager 
Petit, e. a. littlr, small, petty 

lait, sill, whey 
Petite verole, .«/. small-pox 
Pctits pietis, pi. m. small birds 
Pttittnient, ad. little, meanly 
Peiitt'>se, .s/. litllcntss, loizness 
Petiti.-i,, — tloii, demand 
Pciiniire, sm. drman 
Peton, a little foot 
Petoncio, sf. a coc'.le 
Petreau, sm. sprig, wild stock 
Poirce, 2. a.pctrc, slony 
Petrification, »f. —fying, — tioi 
Petrifier, va. to petrify 
Petrin, sm. kneading trough 
Petrir, va. to knead 
Peirisseur, se. s. a kneadcr 
Petrole, sm. rock-oil 
Potulaminent, ad. —luntly 
Petulance, sf. pttulancy 
Petulant, e. a. petulant, saucy 
Petun, sm. tobacco 
Petuner, vn. to smoke, to fxaik 
Pen, ad. little, few 
Peu-a-peu, od. by degrees 
Pcu sonvent, seldom 
— s'en latit que, there wants but 

littlt of it 
Un pen, sm. a little, some 
Penpladc, sf. colony; plantation 
Peuple, sm. people; nation; the 





Peupler, va. to people; stock n 

pond; propagate; iiiultiply 
Puuplier, sm. poplar 
Pour, sf. fear, dread, fright 
Peureux, se. a. fearful 
Teut-etre, ad. perhaps 
Phaeton, sm. phaeton 
Plialange, sf- phalanx: also a 
^ort of dangerous spider; the 
bones of the hand and foot 
Plialangite, sm. soldier belonging 

to tha phalanx 
P]ialariqae,5/. —rica; long spear 
Phalene, sm. a kind of biuterjly 
Pharaon, a chance game 
Phare, sm. a lighthouse 
Pharisaique, 2. a. —saical 
Pharisaisme, sm. — saism; hy- 
Pharisiea, sm. pkarisce 
Pharmaceutique, 2. a. —tic 
Pliarmacie, sf. pharmacy 
Phannacien, sm. apothecary 
Pharmacopse, sf. — copeia, dis- 
Pharinacopole, sm. —pcUst; apo- 
Pharynx, pharynx 
Pliase, sf. phasis, aspect 
Phas6ole, French-bean 
Phebu3, sm. bombast; the sun 
Phenix, a phenix 
Pli6nomene, phenomenon, pi. — 

Philanlrope, humane 
Philantiopie, sf. philanthropy, 

Philautie, sf. self-love 
Philodoxe, sm. an egotist 
Philologie, sf. philology, univer- 
sal learning 
Philologique, 2. a. —gical 
Philologue, sm. — ger 
Philomelf, sf. — mel, nightingale 
Philooophale, (pierre,) the phi- 
losopher's stone 
Philosophe, am. philosopher 

2. a. philosophical 

Philosopher, vn. to philosophize; 

Philosophie, sf. philosophy 
Philosophique, a. philosophic 
Philosophiquemeiit, ad. philoso- 
Pliilosophisme, sm. sophistry 

Philo3ophiste,SOT. a sophist, false 

Philtre, sm. —ter, love potion 
Pliimosis, phymosis 
Phiole, sf. vial, glass bottle 
Phlebotomie, — my, letting of 

Phlebotomiser, vn. to * let blood 
Plilebotomiste, sm. — tomist 
Phlegiuatiqae, 2. a. s. —tic; 

dull; sedate 
Phlegino, sm. phlegm 
Phlegiiioneux, se. a. — nous 
Pliiogisiique, sm. — giston 
Piiospbore, —phorus 
Phosphorique, 2. a. phosphoric 
Phrase, sf. phrase, expression 
Phrasier, Phraseur, sm. empty, 

pompous talker 
Phthisie, sf. phthisic, consump- 
Phthisique, a. phthisical; con- 
Phylactdre, sm. —tery 
PJiysicie'.i, a natural philoso- 
pher; a physician 
Physio logie, sf. —logy 
Physionomiser, va. to judge of 

one's temper by the looks 
Physionomiste, sm. physiogno- 
Phyjiiiue, 5/. physic; natural 

Physique, 2. a. —sical, natural 
Phi'siqiieinent, ad. — sically 
Piaculaire, 2. a. piacular 
Piaffe, 5/. strutting, parade 
Pialfer, vn. to strut 
Piaillcr, to scold, bawl, pipe 
Piaillerie, sf. scolding, bawling 
Piailleur, se. s. a scold; squaller 
Piano, ad. gently 
Piaste, sm. a native of Puia:id 
Piastre, sf. piece of eight 
Piaulnr, va. to whine 
Pic, sm. a pick-axe, woodpecker; 

Pica, longing, green-sickness 
Picher, a pitcher 
Picholine, sf. small olive 
Picoree, plundering 
Picorer, va. to* go a plundering 
Picoteur, sm. freebooter; pla- 

Picotement, a pricking 
Picoter, vn. to * prick; * peck; 

anger; tease 
Picoterie, sf. bickering; teasing 
Picotin, sm. a peck 
Pie, sf. magpie, pied horse; a 

broiled blade-bone of mutton 
Pied, pi6, sm.foot, set, plant 

sur le pied, in proportion, as 

D'arrache pied, without ceasing 
Piece, sf. a piece, stomacher 
Piedestai, sm. a pedestal 
Piedouche, little pedestal 
Piedroit, piedroit, pier 
Piege, snare; spring; wile 
Pierraille, sf. a heap of small 

Pierre, a stone, drain 

• ponce, pumice stone 

Pierre.;, loatcr-course, drain 
Pierreries. pi. jewels 
Pierrette, s/. little stone 
Pierreux, se. a. stony 
Pierrier, sm. swivel gun 
Pierriero, sf. a quarry 
Piete, piety, godliness 
Pi6ter, vn. to * stand fair at 

Pietiuer, to dangle one's legs 
Pi6ton, ne. s. a walker; foot' 

Pielre, a. paltry 
Piatromeiit, ad. pitifully 
Pistrerie, sf. trash, pitiful thing 
Picii, sm. a stake 
Pieiisenient, ad. piously 
Pieux, se. a. pious, godly 
Pitfre, e.?se. s. a glutton 
Pigeon, sm. pigeon; bubble 
Pigeonne, .if. little dove; honey 
Pigeonneau, sm. young pigeon 
Pigeonnicr, sm. pigeon-house 
Pigniie, a pigmy, dwarf 
Pignoclier, vn. to * cat slowly 
Pignon, .9/». gable-end, pine- 
apple; kernel; watch-pinion 
Pilastre, a pilaster 
Pile, .9/. a pile, a heap, pier 
Piler, va. to pound; bruise 
Pilier, sm. a pillar, a post 
Pillage, pillage; plunder 
Pillard, e. a. s. filching; plun 

dering; plunderer 
Pilier, va. to plunder, pirate, ' 

steal; * set a dog at ono 



PiJlerie,^/. plundering, extortion 

Pilleur, em. plunderer, plagiary 

Pilon, pestle; drumstick 

Pi lore, p floras 

Pilori, the pillory 

Pilorier, va. to *• set in th" pillory 

Pilotage, sin. pilotage; pilework 

Piiote, a pilot 

Piloter, va. to * drive in piles; 

to pilot a ship 
Pilotis, sm. a pile; stake 
Pilule, sf. a pill 

Piembeche, affected silly woman 
Piment, sm. allspice; pimento 
Pimpaiit, e. a. flaunting, gaudy 
Pimpesoii6e, sf. a formal lady 
Pimprenelle, hurmt 
Pin, sm. a pine-tree 
Pinacle, a pinnacle, top 
Pinasse, sf. a pinnace 
Pinastre, sm. wild pine-tree 
Pince, sf- nippers; crow; toe of 

a horse' s foot 
Pinc', pi. horse's foreteeth; 

lobster's claws 
Pinccau, sm. pencil; brush 
Pinc6e, sf. a pinch 
Pincelier, sm. painter's snuff-boz 
Pince-maille, a miser 
Pincemcnt, a pinching 
Pincer, va. to * pinch^* nip, jeer 
Pinceter, to * nip off the hair 
Pincette, sf. tweezers 
Pincettes, /) J. tongs; pincers 
Pinchina, sm. a kind of coarse 

woollen cloth 
Pincon, the mark of a pinch on 

the skin 
Pindariqup, 2. a. Pindaric 
Piiidariser, vn to affect loftiness 

of expression 
I'lndarisenr, sm. one that speaks 

I'inf^c, sf. sort of dried rod 
rin''ale, a. belonging to Vie brain 
Pinnas, ou anana, sm. pineapple 
I'lnquc, .t/. a pink (a ship) 
TiiiFon, sm. chaffinch 
Pinfonne, sf. hen-chaffinch 
Pintade, a Guinea-hen 
Pin'e, pint, quirt in France 
Pinter, va. to tipple 
Pintereau, sm. a dauber 
Pinule, sf. pinnule; sight, {of an 



Piochage, sm. digging of ground 
Pioche, sf. mattock, pick-axe 
Piocher, va. to * dig the ground 

with a mattock 
Piochon, sm. small twibill 
. Piole, e. a. speckled, spotted 
I Pioler, vn. to * pip, * chirp 
I Pion, sm. a paicn at chess: a man 
I at draughts 
Pionnier, a pioneer 
Piot, jcine (in jest) 
Pipage, duty on each pipe of 

Pipe, sf. a pipe 
Pipeau, sm. a pipe, bird-call 
Pip^P, 5/. a way uf catching birds 

with a bird-call 
Piper, va. to * catch birds 7cith 

a bird-call: to cheat at play 
Piper, vn. to excel 
Piperie, sf. a cheat, a slight 
Pipeiir, se. s. sharper, cheat 
Piquant, e. a. tart, poignant; 

keen: prickly; sharp 
Piquant, sm. a prickle 
Pique, .«/. pike; bickering; 

Pique, SHI spadc.f [low 

Pique-bceuf, a drover, stupid fe!- 
Piquenique, clubbing at a reck- 
Piquer, va. to * prick; * sting; 

quilt; lard; anger 
Se piquer, vr. to pretend to, to * 

take pet; * be angry 
Piquet, sm. a stake, picket 


Pi*, sm. vAder; dug 
Pis, a. s. worse; worst 
Piscine, sf. a pool, or pond 
Piscine proliaiique, the pool of 

I isiloam or Btthesda. 
Pistaclie, a pistac/iio-nut 
PistHcliier, sm. pistachio-tree 
Piste, sf. a track, footstep 
Pistil, sm. pi.-til 
Pistole, sf. a pistole 

\ Pistciler, 'va. to * shoot with a 

; pistol 

j Pis-tolet, sm. a pistol 
Piston, sucker of a pump 
Pitatice, sf. a monk's mess 
Piiancier, sm. pitanccr 
Pitaud, e. s. a clown 
Pile, sf. a mite, old coin 
Fiteusenient, ad. pitifully 
Piteux, se. a. pitiful, tcoful 
Fitie, sf. pity, compassiun 
Piton, sm. a pin, or nail with a 

round eye 
Pitoyabie, 2. a. compassionate; 

pitiful; paltry 
Pitoyable:nent, ad. pitifully 
Pittoresque, 2. a. picturesque 
Pittoresqueinent, ad. in a pic- 
turesque manner 
Pituitaire, 2. a belonging to the 

Pituile, .<;/. phlegm 
Pituiteux, se. a. s. phlegmatic 
Pivert, sm. woodpecker; spider 

Pivoiiie, sf.pionh 

piquet, {gajne at cards) j Pivoine, sm. gnat-snapper 
Piquette, .«/. tart sort of wine | Pivot, pivot; ciis; trendle 
Piquer, sm. huntsman; overseer; \ Pivoter, va. to hang on apivut 

Piquier, a pikeman 
Piqure. sf. pricking, stin^ 

<7 « Uting; p inking 
Pirate, sm. a pirate 
Pirater, va. to pirate 
Piraterie, .9/. piracy, extortion 
Fire, 2. a s. worse; worst 

Placagp, sm. inlayi.ig 
j Placard, bill posted up, libel 
i Placarder, va. to post up, or hbtl 
I one 
I Place, sf. place; room; square; 

Place, clear the way, make rcom 
Placer, va. to place; * put; * lay 

Piroirue, sf. pirogue, Indian boat ! Placet, sm. low stool, petition 
Pirole, winter-green ,' Placier, e. s. owner of a market 

Pirouette, whirligig, turning on plarr 

Plafond, sm. the ceiling 

Pirouetter, vn. to turn on one's I Plafonner, va. to ceil 
Ifg; whirl about J Plage, sf.flat shore, region 

Pirrhonien, ienne. a. who doubts Plagiaire, sm. a plagiary 
of every thing i Plagiat, plagiarism 





riaid, speech of a pleader 
I'i.iider, V'l. to plead, to sue 
riaiJeur, ss. a. s. one who is at 

law, litigious 
I'laidoirie, ^f. pleading law-suils 
Jiiiu plaidoyable, court day 
I'laidoyer, sin. plea; pleading; 

V\x\As,pl. court-leet 
I'laie, sf. a wound; sore 
i'lai^iiaat, e. a. s. plaintiff 
Pi ii:i, e. a. plain, fiat, even 
Piaia-cliaiit, m. church-music 

Dj plain pied, on the same 

r.aiii.lfe, oa. to pity; grudge 
Se plaiadre, vr. to complain 
Piuiiio, sf. a plain 
Paiiate, conplaint, lamentation 
Piaintif, ve. a. plaintive; doleful 
P.aintif, ^-.ti. plaiatiff 
Plaiijuvem nit, ad. moanfullg 
Plairc, on. to phase; * be agree- 
Si) p.'aire, vr. to love; delight; to 

* thrive in 
Piaisaru nant., ad. pleasantly; 

PI lis lace, iica, mai^joa do p'.ai- 

.saa;o, neat villa 
Plaisaat, e. a. pleasing, pleasant 
Pi-iiiu u, sm. a jester 
Plaisa ittir, vn. lojoke 
Piai3a:it3:-ir^, sf. a joke, a jest 
P aisaitjrie a pi.t, seriously 
Piaislr, .?,«. plr.iswe, joy; diver- 
sion; sport, fancy 
PLin, plin, 
-— , e. a. pliin; even 
Pia.icho, «/. plai'c; board; shelf; 
garlmjed; copperplate; pre- 
PI inclier, sn. floor 
PlaarliPltH, sf. a little board; a 

sh -If 
Plaachayer, va. to jloor; board 
Plaiic:>a, s X. a s-.t, a twig 
Pla ij, a pliw-tree 
Phiu), sf a plaae (tool) 
Plaaer, vn. tu hover, to/lit 
Piaiur, I'l. t ) plane, planish 
Pla:iitiirfj, 2. a. -tary 
P!ai6taire, jj n orrery 
Pla.iiti!, sf. I planet 
Plasiriur, sn. i ^t inishcr 

Piani:n6lrie, sf. — rnetry 
Piaiiispliere, sm. — sphere 
Plant, a set, a plant 
Piaiitado, sf. a set of trees 
Plantain, sm plantain 
Piaata^e, planting, plantation 
Planturd, a set, a twig 
PJautat, vine a year old 
Plantation, sf. — tion, planting; 

colo ny 
Plante, a plant; the sole of the 

foot, vineyard newly set 
Planter, va. to plant; to * set; 

fix; * drive in 
Se planter, vr. to plant, or * put 

one's self 
Planteur, sm. a planter, setter 
Plantoir, a dibble 
PiaaHirenseinent,ad. plentifully; 

in abundance 
Plantureux, se. a. plentiful 
Plaaure, sf a chirp, a plain 
Plaque, a plate; a crown of a 
wig; shell of a sword; back of 
a chimney 
Plaquer, va. to plate, to inlay 
Plaquette, sf. French coin 
Plastron, sm. a breast-plate 
Se plastronner, to * we ir a con- 
cealed breast-plate 
Plat, sm. dish; mess; flat side 
— , e. a. flat; insipid; mean 
Pied plat, Sin. a wretched fellow 
Platano, the palm-tree 
Plaaleau, a woolen scale; a tea- 
board, a platform 
Plate-bande, sf. plat-band; bor- 
'der \^0of 

Platftforme, a platform; a flat 
Platine, scutcheon of a lock; 
plates of a watch; platen; 
apron of a cannon 
Piaiitadi!, dtdness; insipid talk 
Platonique, 2. a- piatinic 
Piatonisine, sm. —nism 
Platraje, plaiter-w.irk 
Plilras, rubbish, rains 
P\:\lr -, pi ister, piriret, paint 
Pi itrer, va. to plaster, to * cloak; 

patch up; daub over 
Platrinix, se. a. limy I 

i'iatrier, sm. a plasterer I 

Platri jr.?, sf. a line pit j 

P!aasil)iliC'i, —lity [oi.)us\ 

Piaasitjlf;, 2. a- pl.iusilile, spe-\ 

Plausiblement, ad. —sibly 
Plebeien, ne. a. s a plebeian 
Plebiscite, sm. pLebiscitum; \. e. 
decree from the Roman people 
Pleiades, sf. pi. Pleiades 
Pleige, sm. pledge, bail 
Pieiger, u. to bad 
Pleia, e. a. full; whole; close 

Pleine, /. with young 
Plein, sm. the full 
Plein-chant, church-music 
Pleinement, ad. fully; entirely 
Pleuier, e. a. plenary, free 
Plenipotenliaire, sm. — tiary 
Plenitude, sf. -de, fulness 
P16onasine, sm. — nasm, redun 

dancy of words 
Pleihore, sf. plethory, fulness of 

Pieuraat, e. a. weeping 
Pleurard, e. a blubberer 
Pli-'urer, v. to * weep; cry; be- 
Pleuresie, sf. a pleurisy 
Pieur6tique. 2. a. s. — ritic 
Pleureur, se. s. weeper, mourner 
Pieureuses, sf. pi. weepers 
Pleureux, se. a. crying 
Pleurnicher, vn. to sham crying; 

to whine 
Pleurs, sm. pi. tears 
Pleiivoir, v. imp. to rain 
Pioyou, sm. a twig, an osier 
Pii, a plait; fold; wrinkle; 

rumple; hs'iit 
Piiable, 2. a. pltable, flexible 
Plia'^e, sm.foldinj- up 
Pliant, sm. a folding chair 
Piiant, e. pliaat, flexible 
Pile, sf. a plaice 
Plier, «. to plait, fold; * bend; 

yield; * give ground, furl 
Se plier, vr. to * bend; conform 

one's .self 
Plieur, se. s a folder 
Plioir, sm. a fdiing-stick 
I'lisser, va. to plait, fold 
Piissure, */. plaiting, folding 
Pioinl), sm. Lad; plummet; level; 

ballets; shot 
Pioiabagine, sf. lead and silver 

Pioniber, va. to dye over with 
lead; to lead 





Plomberie, sf. Icad-vcork., or 

Ploinhier, sm. a plumber 
Plongeon, diver, sea-j'oicl 
Ploager, va- Lo * dip; immerse; 

dive; plunge 
Plongeur, sm. a dicer 
Pioyable, 2. a. pliable 
Ployer, va. to * bend, to fold 
Pluie, sf. rain 

Pliunage, sm. feathers, plumage 
Plumail, feather-broom 
Plumart, large feather-broom 
riainSissi:a.u,a haipsichord-quill; 

a pledget 
Plumassier, a fatkcr-man 
Plume, .sf. feather, quill, pen 
Pluni6e, ptnfiil of ink 
Pliimer, va. to * pick; fleece 
Pluniet, sm. a feather for a hat; 

a plume; a beau; a porter 
Plumeti*, foul copy 
Plumeux, se. a. downy, soft 
Pluraitif, sm. a minute book 
Plurality, sf. — lity, majority 
Pluriel, le. a. plural 
Pluriel, sm. plural number 
Plus, more, most 

, ad. more, item, ditto 

Le plus, the most [part 

La plupart, 7nosl, the greatest 
Plusieurs, a. pi. many 
Plus loin, ad. farther 

— prus, nearer 

— Urd, later 
Plutot, sooner; rather 

— que de, c. rather, than, to 
Pluvier, sm. a plover 
Pluvieux. se. a. rainy 
Pneumaliiiue, 2. a. —matic 
Pneuinalniogie. sf. —logy 
Pneuinonique, 2. a. s. — nic; 

good for the lungs 
Poclie, sf. pocket; bag; kit; crate; 

net; crease 
Poclier TcEiI, va. to * give a 

black eye 
Poclittitir, sm pocket-maker 
Pochette, */ purse-net; little 

purse, pocket or bag 
Podagre, 2. a. s. gouty, gout in 

^ f'Cl 

Podi'siat, sm poJe^tate 
Po<^Ie, a stove; pall; canopy 
Pofile, sf. frying pan 

Poclier, sm. ironmonger 
Poclo 1, skillet, s lucfpan 
t'oiikmnce, sf. a sUilLt-full 
I'ooine, *.7i. a poem 
Poeoie, sf. poetry; poesy 
Po'Jte, .J. a poet, a poetess 
PiM'lereau, sm. a ptctdstcr 
Poenijue, -•. a. poetical 

, sf. art of pottry 

Poetiquement, ad. —iical 
Poetiser, vn. lo * make verses 
Poids, sm. load; weights; plum- 
Poignant, e. poignant, sharp 
Poignard, sm. d>igger; poniard 
Poignarder, va. to stab 
Poignee, sf. handful, handle of a 

Poigiiet, sm. wrist, wristband 
Poil,Aa/r, colour of a beast, beard 

of men 
Poile, see Poele, &;c. 
Poiloux, sm. a wretch 
Poilu, e. a. hairy 
Poincon,sm. bodkin, punch, pun- 

Poindre, rn. to dawn, * shoot 

forth; * sting 
Poing, sm. tficfist 
Point, ad. no, not, none 
— du tout, not at all 
Point, sm. point; dot; hole in a 

stirrup-leather; stitch; size 
Point du jour, sm. break ef day; 

Pointe, sf. point; lop; sprig; 
pun; peak; edge; gore of a 
shift; gracing toel; printer^ s 
bodkin; tartness 
Pointenicnt, sm. pointing, level- 
ling, (a cannon) 
Pointer, v. to * stitch; dot; point: 

l^vcl; soar high 
Pointtur, sm. a pointer 
Poiniillage, dotting; pricking 
PoJMtille, .of. bickering; cavil- 
ling: punctilio 
Puiniiller, va. to dot; quarrel; 

nittle; * prick 
PoiiiiiiliTie, sf. bickering 
Poiiuilleux, sc. a. captious 
Poinlu, e. a. pointed; sharp 
Poire, sf. a pear, a powdt.r-horn 
Poire, sin. perry 
Poircau, a leek; wart 

Pointe, sf. beef 
Poiiier, sm. a pear-tree 
i'ois, pen; pease 

PoisiKi, sm. poison [styl* 

Poissard, C^iy'e,) Billingsgatt 
t'oissarde, sf. fsh-wumaa 
Poiss-er, va. to * pitch; to glue 
Poi^^^>n, sm. aji^h 

d'Aviil, an ^-Jpril fool 

Piiissoiis, Pisces (one of the 

tictlce sig-ns) 
Poissonnaiile, sf. fry 
Vi)\!imnin:rie, Jish-market 
Poissjouneux, se. a. full of fsh; 

Poissoimier, e. s. fishmonger 
Foissonnierc, sf a fish-pan 
Poitrail, sm. breast of a horse; 

Poitrinaire, s. consumptive 
Poitrinal, e. a. which affects the 

breast or the lungs 
PoiUine, sf. the breast, lungs 
Poitroa, sm. sort of yellow plum 
Poivrado, sf. a pepper and cine- 
gar sauce 
Poivre, sm. pepper 
Poivrtie, sf. pcppcr-wort 
Puivrer, va. to pepper 
Poiviette, sf. bishop's wort 
Poivrier, sm. pepper-plant; pep- 

per-boz; p'pper-silUr 
Puiviiiif, .s/. spice-boz, pepper- 
PoLx, pitch . [box 
— lesine, rosin 
Polacrc, lappei coat 
, oa Polaquc, a Levantine 

Polaire, 2. a. polar 
Pole, sm. a pule, extremity 
Po!cuii(iu<-;, -J. a. — mical 
Poii, sm. polish, gloss 
— , c. a. polite; neat; polished; 

blight; terse 
Police, sf police, policy 
Poiicer, o t. lo govern, or order 
Poiiiliinel, sm. punchinello; 

Vo\\\nKi\\l,polishing, brighUning 
Poiinionl, a</. puliteUj 
Poiir, va. to pclish; smooth, bur 

nish; biighlen; civilize 
PuliSsfur, Silt, polisher 
Pollssoir, polishing- 'ron 
Polisson, ila^kguard, icag 





?61isS0ticr, vn. to play the fool; 
to crack olces 

I'olissoiiorie, sf. vo^ggcrij; play 
iiig in the :itreits 

Pulissure, polishing, smoothing 

Politesse, politeness 

Politique, ± a. political, artful 

Politique, sm- a politician 

, sf. politics, policy 

Poliiiquement, ad. — tically 

Politiquer, va. to talk politics 

Poitron, ne. a. cowardly 

, ne. s. a coward 

Poltronnerie, sf. cowardice 

Polygaine, sm. polygamist 

Polygamie, sf. — gamy 

Polygarchie, chy 

PolygloUe, 2. a. glut, of se- 
veral languages 
—, sf. the American mock-bird 

ifolygone, 2. a- s. —gon,of many 

l*olygraphie, sf. —phy 
Colype, sm. polypus 

V*olypetale, 2. a. —lous 
Polysyllabe, 2. a. s. —table 
Poli'tfieisinc, stn. — theism 

Polytheiste, thcist 

Pommade, sf. pomatum; a feat 

of horsemanship 
Se poirimader, use pomatum 
Poinmaitle, sf. bad sort of apples 
Puinme, appUj head of a cane; 

lettuce, i^-c. * 

Poinmc, e. a. healed 
I'o.ninc, sm. cider 
Poin:neaii, a pommel, knob 
Pommelle, e. a. dapple 
So Y><^xnnv:\\iit,^ grow dapple 
Poramer, va. to pomn; cabbage 
Pouinieraie, sf. an apple orchard 
Poininette, pommel, ball of wood 
or metal [r-jasfcr 

Poinmier, sm. applr-tree; apple- 
Pompe, sf. pomp, splmdour 
Poiiipo, {engine) a pump 
Pomper, va. to * pump 
Pompetiseineiit, aJ. stately 
Pompeux, se. a pompous; Infty 
Pompier, sm. pumper [monds 
Pompon, trinket; rose of dia- 
Pompoaiier, va. to adorn 
Ponaiit, sm. the locst 
Ponco, sf. small co<il-dust [L t 
?onccau,smred pnppy,dcrp scar- 

Poncer, va. to pounce a print; to 

rub with a pumice-stone 
Ponclie, sm. punch 
Poncirade, sf. briony 
Poncire, sm. great lemon 
Pouci.s, print pricked and rubbed 

over with coal-dust 
Puuction, .s/. puncture; tapping 
Poiiclualite, punctuality 
Ponctuation, punctuation 
Ponctuel, le. a. punctual 
Pouctuelleinent, ad. exactly 
Ponctuer, va. to point 
Pondre, to * lay eggs 
Pont, sm. a bridge; deck 
Poin-levis, a drawbridge 
Pome, a punter, better 
Ponte, sf. laying of eggs 
Pont6, e. a. with a deck 
Ponter, vn. to * be the punter 
Pontife, sin. a pontiff 
Pontifical, e. a. pontifical 
Pontificalement, ad. —cally 
Pontifical, s7n. pontificate 
Ponton, a lighter; ponton 
Pontonage, pontage, bridge-toll 
Pontonier, ferryman, lighterman 
Populace, sf. populace; mob 
Populaire, 2. a. popular 
Populairement, ad. —larly 
Popularite, sf. —rity 
Populeu.K, so. a. populous 

Popiilo, sm. a plump little child 

Pore, a hog, pork 

Pore-epic, porcupine 

Porc-sanglier, toild boar 

Porc-mariu, sea-hog 

Porcelaine, sf. china; porcelain 
Venus' shell 

Porcliaisoii, cenison time 

Poiclie, sm. purdh 

Porclier, a swiniherd 

I'orc, a pore 

Poreu.x, se. a. poron.t 

Porosit6, sf. — sity 

Porphyre, sm. porphyry 

Porphyriser, va. to * grind, or 
pound on porphyry 

Porreaii, sm. a Ire/:; wart 

Port, port; harbour; wharf; bur- 
den; po-H'Lgc; gait; presence 

PortagH, carriage 

Portail, front gate f.f a church 

Portaiit. haml ot ring of a trunk 

Portatif, ve. a. portable 

Pone, sf. a door, a gate 

, the Porte {the Grand Seig>- 

nior's court) 

bris6e, folding-door 

a 2 baltans, folding-door 

vitree, a glass dour 

De porte en pone, from door to 

Pone de devant, street-door 
Porte de derriere, a back door: 

a subterfuge 
Porte-assiette, sm. a table-stand 
Porte-balie, a pedlar 
Porle-chape, a cope-bearer 
Porte-crayon, a pencil-case 
Porte-crbix, cro.-is-bearer 
Porte-cro.sse, crosier-bearer 
Porte- drapcau, enMgn-bearer 
Porle-enseigne, ensign-bearer 
Porte-ep6e, sword-bearer 
Porte-epee, belt 

Pone-eiendard, standard-bearer 
Porte-faix, street-porter 
Porte-feuille, portfolio 
Porle-guignon, a person who 

brings another ill-luck 
Porte-lettre, Ultcr-casc; post- 
Porte-manchon, sm. the ring of 

a muff 
Porte-manteau, portmanteau; 

Porte-moucheltes, snuffers-pan 
Porte-mousqueton, swivel 
Porte-queue, train-bearer^ mean 

Porle-sel, salt-basket 
Porle-presse, bookbinder' s shav- 
Porte-vent, pipe of an organ, 6rc. 
Porte-verge, a verger 
Porte-voix, speaking-trumpit 
Portt'e, sf. brood; litter; reach; 

capacity; linglh 
Porter, va. to carry; * bear; * 

wear; induce; convey 
Se porter, to * be inclined; to 

believe one's self 
Porteur, sm. a porter; bearer; 

Porteuse, sf. basket-worn ajs; 

Portier, .sm. a house-porter; door- 
Portitire, sf. coach-door; do: r- 





keeper in. a nunnery; wind 
Portion, pari; portion; allow- 
ance; share 
Portique, sm. a portico; piazza 
Portoir, a tray 
Porter, marble with deep yellow 

Portraire, ro. to * draw; portray 
Portrait, sm. portrait; picture; 

description; likeness 
Portulan, bearing and plan of 

Posage, sm. Pose, 5/. the laying 

of a stone 
Pose, e. a. staid, grave, sober 
Fosement, ad. softly, gravely 
Fitser, va. to * set; * lay; sup- 
pose; grant, admit; * bear; 
rest; * lean; '"lie; * put; place 
Poseur, sm. a layer of stones 
Positif, ve. a. positive 
Position, sf. position^ situation; 

Positiveinent, ad. —vely 
PosjKiIiie, sf. the armed Polish 

Posseder, va. to possess; enjoy; 

* have; be master of 
Se posseder, vr. to keep one's 

Poss6d^, e. s. a. possessed with 

the devil' 
Possessear, sm. possessor; owner 
Possessif, a. possessive 
Possession, sf. possession; enjoy- 
Fussessoire, sm possession 
Possibility, sf. possibility 
Possible, 2 a. sm. possible 

, ad. perhaps 

Postcommunion, sf. —nion 
Postdate, postdate 
Postdater, va. tn postdate 
P'lSte, sm. post; station; place 
Poste, sf post; post boy, post- 
office; had-shot 
Poster, va. to post; place 
Poster, vn. to * run up and down 
Pe poster, vr. to * take a post 
Poslerieur,e. a- posterior; latter; 

P.->sterieuremcnt, ad. after 
Fosteriorit6, sf. posteriurity 
Posterity. — rity; offspring' 

PoEtlmme, 2. a. posthumous 
Posticlie, 2. a. sham; false; pre- 
posterous; done after 
Postilion, sin. apo.^tiliun 
Postposer, va. to esteem less 
Postscript, sm. postscript 
Postulant, e. a. s. candidate 
Postulat, sm. pustulatum 
Postuler, va to * be a candidate; 
to * stand for an employment; 
to plead 
Posture, sf posture, '.cay 
Pot, sm. pot 

Petit pot de terre, a pipkin 
Pot a couvercle, tankard 
Pot-pourri, hotch-potch 
Potage,' 2. a. drinkable 
Potage, sm. pottage, soup 
Pour tout potage, in all 
Potager, sm. a stove for cooking; 

a kitchen-garden 
Potasse, sf. pearlashcs, potash 
Pote (main.) swelled hand 
Poteaa, sm. a post, a stake 
Potee, sf. apotful; piiV.y 
Potcle, a. plump, chubby 
Potence, sf. gallows, gibbet 
Potences, ;>i. crutches 
Potentat, sm. potentate 
PotciUiel, le. a. potential 
Potent iellerneiit, ad. —tially 
Poterie, sf. earthenware; putter's 

?ow.rne, postern gate, back-door, 

Potior, e. 5. a potter 

d*6taia, sm. peicterer 

Potin, brittle brass 
Potion, 5/. draught, potion 
Potiron, sm. a large mushroom, 

a pnrupion 
Pou, a louse {Wee, pi.) 
Pona, ini.fylfau^h! 
Pouacre, 2. a. vasty; sloven 
Pouacrerie, .•>'/. nastmess 
Pouce, sm. thutiib, iurh 
Poucier, jcorker's thimble 
Pnud'in, pudding 
Poudre, sf. powder, d'list 

a canoii, gunpowder 

Poudrer, va. to powder 
Poudreiix, se. a. dusty 
Poudrior, sm. a sand-box; gun- 

powirr-maker; hour-glass 
Poui"! plump ' bang ! 

Poufferde rire, vn. to * burs' 

with laughter 
Pouille,sm. a registry of livings 

with an account of their revv 

Pouilles, sf. pi. blackguard'* 

Pouilleux, se. a. s. lousy 
Pouillier, pouiliis, sm. a paltry 

PoulaiJle, sf. domestic fowls 
PouJaiiler, sm. hen-^oost; poul 

Poulain, colt, bubo, pulley 
Poularde, sf. pullet 
Poule, hni; pool, {at cards) 

d'Inde, turkty-hen 

d'eau, moor-hen 

Poult,'t, sm. a chick; love-letter 
Poulette, tf. young htm; girl 
Pouliciie, pouline, sf. she-colt 
Poulie, a pulley 
Poulier, va. to * lift up with 

Poulier, sm. pulley-maker, or sel 

Poulincr, va. to foal 
Pouliot, sm. pennyroyal, small 

Poulot, little child 
Poulpe, sf. pulp 
Pouls, sm. pulse 
Pounion, the lungs 
Poupard, a babe, baby 
Poiipart, a kind of crab 
Poupe, .«/. the sltrn,poop 
Poiipte, a dolt 

Poupelin, sm. sort of soft cake 
Poupc'tier, a doll-maker 
Poupin, e. a. beanish, spruce 
PoujOTii, ne. s. plump; a pretty 

child; darling 
Pour, pr. for; in order; to 

— lors, at that lime; then 

— neu que, c if ever so little 

— it' uioiiis, at i ast 

— cei etrct, therefore 

— que, til the end that 

— ainsi diic, as it were 
Pour-bi>ire, sm. pul-monry; com 

Pourc( ail, hog, swine 
Pourchasser, va. to piirsre {i% 

hunting;) to * ."crk after 
Pourtcndre, to 9^'lit; dash 





Pourfiler, va. to * miz with 
Pourparler, sm. parly, confer- 
Pourpicr, ■pitrslain 
Pourpoint, a donilit 
Pourpre, sm. purple; th" pnrplcs 
Pourpre, .<?/. purple dye 
Pourpre, e. a. purple colour; 

Pourpris, S7n. premises, Inclosure 
Pourquoi, ad. c. why 1 
Pourrir, v. to rot, jmtrefy 
Pourriture, sf. roltninrss 
Ponrsuite, pursuit; pmr'ss 
Poursuivant, sm. a candidate, a 

suitor, a pursuer 
Poursuivre, va. to pursue; to 

prosecute; put in form; * go 

Pourtant, c. however, notwith- 
Pourtour, sjp. circumference, 

compass v 
Pourvoir, v. to provide; look to 
Se pourvoir, vr. to * make ap- 
plication; to sue 
Pourvoycur, sm. a purveyor 
Pourvu, an incumbent 
Pourvu que, c. provided that 
Pousse, sf. shoot: pars in ess 
Pousser, v. to * push, thrust; 

shave, force, * shoot; jut out; 

drive in 
Poussier, sm. conl-dust 
Poussiere, sf. dust 
Poussif, ve. a. pursy 
Poussin, sill, a young chick 
Poiissiniere, sf. the Pleiades, or 

seven stars, a cage for young 

Poutre, a beam 
Poutrelle, a small beam 
Pouvoir, V. to * be able; * may; 

* can 
Ponvoir, sm. power; interest 
Praginatiqup, .<?/. regulation 
Prairip, a meadow, afidd 
Praline, crisp almond 
Prumcjlat-bottnmcd boat 
Praiicahle, 2 a. practicable 
Praticicu, sm. a practitioner in 

tfir law, or physic 
Prati(]ue, sf. praiiirr, custom, 

skill, customer 
Pratique. 1.'. a. practical, skilful 

Pratiques, clandestine de- 
Pratiquer, vn. to practise; * keep 

company ?c/{h; tamper tcith 
Se — , vr. to * be in use 
Pie, sm. a meadow, f.eld 
Preachat, payment before hand 
Pr!:-adaniite, prcadamite 
Prealable, 2. a. previous 
Prealablement, previously 
Prea!legu6, e. a. before quoted 
Preainbule, sm. a preamble 
Preau, a green, a yard 
Pr6l)ende, sf. prebend 
Prebcndier, sm. a prebendary 
Precaiie, at request, by desire 
Ptecaire, 2. a. precarious 
Pr6caireuient, ad. precariously 
Precaution, sf. — tion, caution 
Se pr6cautionner, vr. to * be 

Preccdeinment, ad. formerly, 

Pr6c6iient, e. a. former 
Prec6(lcr, vr. to precede^ * go 

Pr6copte, 5m. a precept, rule 
Precepteur, precrplor, tutor 
Prece])torat, tutorship 
Preceptoriale, sf. — tory 
Precession, — sion 
Pieche, sm. 2>rote.'<tant chtirch; a 

Prcciier, v. to preach; cry up, 

PieclK'ur, .v?w. a sorry preacher 
Precicusc, sf. ajinicdlwoman 
Precieuscuu nl, ad. choicely 
Pri cieux, se. a. precious; affect- 
ed; orer-vicc 
I'rccipice, .<im. a precipice, ruin 
Precipitaninient, ad. hastily 
Pjecipitalion, sf. — t>on 
Precipite, sm. prccijiitate 
PrecipitO, c. a. tatcd; over- 
hasty; hurried {hurry 
Pr6cipiter, va. to precipitate ; 
Pr6ciput, sm. jointure 
Pr(';cis, summary, substance 
Precis, e. precise, fixed 
Prtcisement, e. ad. precisely 
Preciser, va. to fix, ditcrminc 
Precision, sf. — sion, exactness 
Pr(5coce, a. forward, early ripe 
Pr6coces, srn. pi. hastings 

Precocile, sf furwardncss in 

fruits,, >.Vc. 
Pi<if,OM!pter, vu. to diduct, dis- 

Prt3coi)i^alion. sf. report, decla- 
Preconiscr, va. to prccovise; * 
make a report; to extol (a 
jocular wvrd) 
Prtcar?eur, svt. forerunner, har- 
I'redeceder, vv. to die before 
Predect's, sm. death before that 

of another 
Predecesseur, predecessor 
Prt^dfeces-seury, pi. unvrstors 
Pr^'desiiuatiou, .'■/. — tion 
Prcdeslin6, e. s. av elect 
Pr6dostiiier, va. to pn dcslinate 
Pr6detern;inatio;i, .'f. previous 
determination [minate 

Pr6d6terniiiier, va. to predetei- 
Predicable, 2. a. —ble, in logic 
Predion JiitMt, sm. — ment, name 
Predicant, a preacher 
Prt^dicat, predicate 
Predic.'ilcur, a preacher 
Predication, .'■/. preaching, a ser- 
non [er 

I'rf(!icat'i(e,s/. a vr a man-preach- 
I'rediction, prediction 
Pied i lection, prrdilection 
Pre dire, va. to fori tell 
Pietion.innnt, e a. — nant, pre- 

Pi<5doiiiiiier, rn. lo j'vcdominate, 

Preeniiiie.'-ict, sf. pre-eminence 
Pi(^tniiii( lit, e. '/. — ntvt 
Pr(^e.\•i^.•;,•>l;l,e. a. — tent 
Prc^'exi.-tence, sf. — ce 
PiYil'ace, preface 
Prefecture, — tore 
Preferable, 2. a. preferable 
Prererablenient, ad. —bly 
Preference, sf. prifertnLe 
Pt6ferer, va. tvpnfer 
Prefet, sm. prefet; inspector 
Piefinir, va. to * s'l; appoint 
Prefix, e. a prefixed, settled 
Pielixion, sf. settled time 
Piefrnaiil, e a. acute, violent 
Prejudice, sm. detriment, loss 
Prejudiciabie, 2. a. hurtful 
Ptejudicier, vn. to prejudict 





Pr6juge, sm. precedent; presage; 

Prejuger, va. to conjecture, pre- 

Ste prelasser, vr. to strut 

Prelat, sm. a prelate; a drone 

Prelaiion, sf. — tinn 

Prelaiure, prelacy , 

Pr^le, horsetail (a f.lant) 

Preler, ra. to rub wtih horsetail 

Prelever, va. to deduct 

Preliminaire, 2. a. sm. — nary 

Prelire, va. to prepare a copy for 
the press 

Poudre de prelinpinpin, sf. pow- 
der of post; quackery 

Pr61ire, va. to * read and correct 
a copy 

Prelude, sm. prrludc 

Pr61uder, vn. to prelude 

Pr6inaiure, e. a. premature, not 
yet ripe 

Pr6m;uureraent, ad. premature- 
ly, too soon 

Pr6maturit6, sf. — tureness 

Prem^diiation, —tion 

Pr6m<iditer, va. to premeditate 

Prtimices, sf. pi. firt fruits; 

Premier, e. a. first, former 

Pr<'mi"'roinent, nd.jirst 

Vremi-igps, /.. pi. prc:ni.fes 

Pr6inolion, sf prcd- termination 

Premunir, va. to forearm 

Pr6posfe, sm. an ovirster i Prcssainment, ad. prcssingVj 

I'reposer, va. to * set over Pres-safil, e. a. pressing, urgent 

Pr6posiiion, .*/. —tion \ Press^-, sf. crowd, press; hurry 

Prepuce, sm- foreskin \ Pri-ss<i, e a. in haste, in a hurry 

Prerogative,.?/. — tire, privilege] I'rt^s --nu^iit, sm. compression 

Ptes, pr. at. near, hird by, al- \ Pres.semiinent, surmise, preset 
most; by timent 

A peu pres, within little \ Prisseiilir, va. to * foresee 

Pnis;i^e,.<tm. presage, sign, omen ! Pretsetilir quelqu'uu, sift one 

Pit-K^scr, veto presage, portend \J?res:fVT, ti * press; squeeze; 

Prc^yle, s. one tcho can only set I crow I; close; urge; hasten, 
at a distance require hast ; tease 

Pre^b\ieral,e. a. ral,pricstly\ Sf prt-sa-r, rr. to * be in haste; 

Prcitbyiorc, sm. parsonage \ _ * lay c«'«/.s 

Presliyt6ria!iisiue, — nism 

Presbyteriat, prcsbytership 

Presbyi^rien, no. a. s. — nan 

Prescience, sf. a foreknowledge 

Prescriptible, 2. a. — ble 

Prescripli/jn, sf. —tiun 

Prescrire, cri. to prescribe 

Prisenncc, sf. precedence 

Presence, pn since 

Present, e. a. present, ready 

Present, sm. present time; pre- 
sent tense; a gift; a present 

Preseniatear, patron of a biue- 

Presentation, sf. —lion 

Preseiitcinenl, ad. at present 

Presenter, va, to present, offer 

Se presenter, vr. to * come, ap- 
pear; offer Itself 


Pressier, sm. a pressman 

Pression, .«/ pre us ion 

Pn.'ssis, sm. juice or gravy 
squeezed out 

Pressfiir, a pres.v; silting tub 

Pies.surage, prtssing; wine ex 
pressed; pres- -fee 
■ Pn^s^iirer, oa. to * mess, squeeze 
I * wring ^ 

I Pressureur, sm. a pressman 
1 Prestanco, .^/. noble carriage 

Prestaiit, sm. chief row of an 
\ organ 

I Pies-iatinn cle scrment, .</. taking 
an oa>h 

Preste, 2. a. quirk, nimble 

— , ad, quick 

Pre.stenieiit, bluntly, hastily 

Preslcsse, sf. agility, nimllcmtt 

Pres:i<4<', sm. prestige, illusion 

rvniit, ve. a. sm. — tive 
Se premunir, vr. to proriie one's j Preserver, va. to preserve,* keep ! PrestigiiUeur, wizatJ 

self Presidence, */. />rej?/'/t?(cy ! Presto, sw. <irf. — to, quick 

Prenable, 2. a that maybe takenlVxi'sMenX, sm. presilcnt.speakiv^ Preriolet, prirstling 
Prendre, pa. to ♦ tjke; * catcli; Pres'idenlK, sf. president's Li.iy \l'nifiiimi^r,ra. to presuT.e,* think 
Presider, va. to preside; occr- j Presiipposcr, r. to prcaKy»;»t»»e 

rule I Piesiipposiiioa, 5/. — tton 

Prd'sidial, sm. — dial court , i'restiri-, rennet 

, e. a. of or belonging tu the \ Prel, sm. a loan., money lent 

prasidial court ] Prel, e. a. rendu at hand 

PiOssdialeinent, ad. witliaut ap- . Vn::a\i[a\n>; .■'f g iddtiig about 

peal ' Pt^l'Miaanl, e. s. prttendtr, can- 

Pr^&iinptif, ve. a. presumptive,^ JnJcte 

apparent • Pretiiulre, r ta pretni I; claim; 

PreM)iiiptiim, »/. pr/ | expect: aspire at; maintain; 
Pr'i.«)mptu«n.seii)Ciit, ad. pre-'. dcsirrn 

siimptuou.tly I Pr6U;ndii, e a. supposed 

Pi«is()niptueux, se. a. prcsunp-^. Preie-nom, sm. one who lends to 

tuous I another his name 

Presque, ad. almost, rrry near Pretention, sf. — 6/071, claim 
Presqn'iJe, */. apminsula 1 Prater, tr. to * lend; stretch 

Presqu'ombre, penumbra I Se prater, vr. to co.nply; * be 

' put on 
Preneur, se a taker; a lessee 
Prenoin, sm first name 
Pre notion, sf. notion, surprise 
Prtoccupaiion, prcjiossrssion 
Pr6ocruper, va. to prepossess 
Prtopiiiant, sm. first voter 
Pr6opiner, vn. to vote- brf ore 
Prtpaidtif, ve. a. — Hre 
Pr>paratif, sm. prrpnra/ion 
Preparation, .<f. —tiun 
Preparatoire, 2. a. prtpiratory 
Prej>arer, va. to prepare 
Re preparer, vr. to * get onr'a 

/■If rra-ly \r:incy 

Prf-[>iiijdi'.ra'nce, sf. preyonde- 
Pr'jpondcrant. e. a. — rating 





accessary; humour; counte- 
nance; favour 
Prfeter, sm. lending^ loan 
Pr6tfcril, prcter-tense 
Pretcrition, sf. —Hon 
Preteur, se. s. lender 
Preteur, pretor, Roman ruler 
Pr^texte, —text, pretence 
Pietexler, va. to pretend 
Fretinlailles, sf. pi. woman's 
trimmings, trinkets [trim 
Protintailler, va. to furbelow, to 
Pretoire, sm. judgment-hall; 

prctor's palace 
Pretorien, ne. a. s. — rian 
Prftlre, sm. priest 
Prfetresse, sf. a priestess 
Pretrise, priesthood 
Pr6ture, prctor's dignity 
Prevaloir, vn. to prevail 
Se prevaloir, vr. to take * ad- 
vantage, to glory in 
Prevaricateur, sm. —tor 
Pr6varication, sf. collusion 
Pr6variquer, vn. to prevaricate 
Prevenance, sf. forwardness to 
oblige [engaging 

Pre\enant,e.a. forward to oblige, 
Pr6venir, va. to prevent; hinder; 
prepossess ; anticipate ; * get 
the ."tart of 
Prevention, sf. prepossession 
Prfevenu de crime, arraigned of 
a crime [seeing 

Prevision, sf. foresight, forc- 
Pr6voir, va. to * foresee, * be 

ate are 
Prevot, sm. provost, sheriff 
Pr6v6talemcnt, ad. by martial 

Pj6voi6, .sf. provostship, court 
, andprecinct of a provost-mar- 
Pr6voyance, foresight 
Pr6voyant, e. a. provident 
Preuve, sf. proof, ordeal 
Preux, a. s. courageous, brave 
Viie.Dien,svi.prayiugdesk, pri- 
vate chapel 
Prier, ra. to pray, beg, incite, 

desire; * beseech, * bid 
Priere, .if. prayer, desire 
Pricur, sm. a prior 
Prieuro, .1/. a prioress 
Prieure, sm. priury 

Primal, a primate 
Primatie, sf. primacy 
Primaul6, priority ; eldest hand 

at play 
Prime, prenaum, prize, prime 
Prime, thejimst Spanish wool 
Primer, va. to surpass; prevent 
Vnn\e\ere,sf.])rintrose; cowslip 
Primeur, first coming in of 

fronts; newness of liquors 
Primicier, sm. the dean in some 

Primipile, the first centurion 

among the Romans 
Primitif, ve. a. sm, primitive 
Primitivement, ad. —vely 
Prime, ad. sm. —mo, first 
Prlmog6niture, sf. birthright 
Primordial, e. a. —dial 
Prince, sm. a prince I 

Princesse, sf. a princess 
— de coulisse, actress 
Principal, e. a. principal, chief 
Principal, sm. principal, capital 
sum; main point 

Principalement, ad. pally, 

Principality, sf. the place of a 

Princ;paut6, principality 
Principe, sm. principle 
Principion, a petty prince 
Printanier, e. a. of the spring, 

Printems, sm. the spring; youth 
Vnoxnl, priorship 
Pri()rit6, sf. priority 
PrLs, e. «. taken, seized 
Prise, sf. taking; prize; dose; 

hold; scuffle; pinch 
Pris6c, an auctioneer'' s prize 
Priser, va. to rate, to value 
Priscur, sm. an auctioneer 
Prismatique, 2. a. —tic 
Prisnie, sm. prism 
Prison, sf. a prison, a gaol 
Prieonnicr, e. a. s. prisoner 
Pritance, sm. the council-house 

at Jithens 
PrivabU;, 2. a. dipiicable 
Privataire, .sm. treasurer of a 

Privalif, vc. o. — tivc 
Privation, sf.' — tion, want 
Privativement, ad. exclusively 

Privaut6, 5/. privity, intimacy 
Priv6, sm. a privy; house of 

Prive, e. a. private; tame; pri' 

vy; familiar; intimate 
Privenient, ad. intimately 
Priver, va. to deprive, bereave 
Se piiver, vr. to deprive or debat 

one's self 
Privilege, sm. privilege, advan- 
Privilegi6, e. a. s. leged peo- 
PriviI6gier, va. to privilege 
Prix, suL. price, rate, prize 
Un prix, a premium. — De prix, 
dear; au prix de, in compari- 
son of 
Probability, sf. —lity, likelihood 
Probable, 2. a. probable likely 
Probablement, ad. probably 
Probatcur, sm. — tor 
Probation, sf. —tion, trial 
Probatoire, 2. a. probatory 
Probit6, sf. probity, honesty 
Problfimatique, 2. a. —tical 
Pmblematiquement, ad. —tically 
Probleme, sm. problem 
Proc6d6, procedure, dispute 
Proceder, vn. to proceed, act 
Proc^iinre, sf. proceeding at law 
Proct s, sm. law-suit, action 

verbal, verbal process 

Procesf^if, ve. a. litigious 
Procession, sf. —sion, proceeding 
Processionnc'I, sm. —sionnl 
J'roces^sionnellement, ad. in a 

Procbain, e. a. next, near, nigh 
Prochain, sm. neighbour; fellouy 

Procliainenient, ad. next 
Proclics, sm. pi. relations 
Proche, pr. near, vigh, close to 

, ad. by, hard by 

De procbc en prociic, one after 

Proclamation, j?/ — tion 
Proclamer, va. lo proclaim 
Proconsul, .vw?. — >i// 

Proconsulate, sul.^hip 

Procicaiion, sf. sion., gent 

Pinrr«^«T, va. to * beset 
I Prucurateur, sm. —tor 



Prociiralion, sf. a letter of at- 

Procuratrice, proxy 
Procurer, va. to procure, * get 
Procureur, sm. atiurney^ proxy 
Procureuse, sf. attorney's wife 
Prodigalement, ad. — g'ally 
Prodigalite, sf. extravagance 
Prodige, sm. a prodigy 
Prodigieusemeat, ad. — giously 

Prodigieux, se. a. gious; 

Prodigue, 2. a. profuse, prodigal 
Prodigue, i'. sptndtkrijt 
Prodigaer, r.a. to lavish, waste 
PrOiUroircmeiit, aJ. treacherous- 
Production, sf. — Hon; product; 

Produire, va. to produce, yield, 

cause, * make, * show 
Se — , vr. to * put one's self for- 
Produil, sin. produce, product 
Prooine, proem, proemium 
Profanaicur, a profaner 

Profaiiaiioa, sf. tion 

Pro'.aae, 2. a. s. profane; pro- 

Prol'aaer, va. to prof ins, abuse 
Proterer, to utter, to * speak 
Protes, se. a. s. professed Jiionk 

or nun 
Profesoer, va. to profesn 
Piolessrt'ir, sm. a professor 
Profession, sf. profession, busi- 
ness, caking; art; vow 
Protessorat, sm. —sorship 
Proiii, prof.le 

Profiier, va. to * draw the con- 
tours [ciency 
Profit, sm. profit, gain, profi,- 
Profi.aliie, 2. a. '—iU, u.ieful 
Proliler, en. to gain, improve; 
profit; * tarive; * take udoan- 
ProlVjiid, (;. «. deep, profound 
Piolbndenit'nt, a i deep, deeply 
Protbadeur, sf. depth 
Profoatife (vaiss 'au,) ship draw- 
ing much water 
Pro-tbrind, for form's sake 
Piofns6ajeiit, a I. profusely 
Profusion, sf. profusion, pro- 
fusencss, phnty 


I Piogonie, progeny, ojspring 
Prograaiiiie, sm. bill upjn a door; 

Progres, progress, projiciency 
I'rogrRssif, ve. a. — sioe 
Progression, sf. —sion 
Proliiber, va. to prohibit, * forbid 
Prohibitif, ve. o. prohibitory 
Piohibiiion, sf. —tion 
Proie, prey, booty 
Projectile, sm. projectile 
Projection, sf. — twn, casting 
Projecture, juttt/, projecting 
Projet, sm. project, rough 

draught, design, scheme 
Projeter, va. to project, design 
Prolation, sf. — tion 
Prolegomenes, sm. pi. prolego- 
mena, long preface 
Proiilique, 2. a. prolific 
Prolixe, 2. o. prolix, tedious 
ProlLxement, ad. tediously 
Prolisite, sf. — ty, tediousne-ss 
Prologue, sm. — gua 
Prolougatioa, 5/. — tion, delay 
Prolonger, vu. to prolong 
Prolusion, sf. e.ssay, trial 
Promenade, walk, w iliiing 
Proniener, va. to walk, to * lead 

Se promener, vr. to walk 
Pronienoir, sm. walking place 
Proraesse, sf. promise, vole 
Proinetteur, se. s. promiser 
Promettre, va. to promise 
Se — , vr. to hope; believe 
Prominence, sf. —ce,jutty 
Promission, lerre de promission, 

blessed land 
Promontoire, sm. — tory, cape 
Promoteur, advancer, promoter, 

Promotion, sf. promotion 
Promouvoir, va. to promote 
Prompt, e. a.^quick, sudden, ac- 
tive, passionate 
Promptement, ad. quickly 
Promptitude, sf. haste, nimble- 

nes>; passion 
Proniulsatiou, — tion 
Promulguer, va. to promulgate, 

Prone, sm. sermon, scolding 
Proner, va. to cry up ; to preach 


Proneur, se. s. boaster ; a great 

Pronom, sm. a pronoun 

Pronominal, e. a. — nal 

Pronouce, sm. sentence, judg 

Proaoncer, va. to pronounce, de- 

Prjnonciaiion, sf. pronouncing, 

Piouoslic, sm. prognostic, omen 

Pronosticatiou, sf. prognostica- 

Proaostiquer, va. to presage, to 

* foretell 
Prunosiiqueur, sin, foreteller 
Propagaade, .«/. propagation; 

tlie congregation to promote 
Propagateur, sm. — tor, spreader 
I PiopagHtion, sf. — tion 
j Propager, vn. to propagate 
i Pinpeasioii, sf. — sity 
I'rophane, vid. Profane, &c 
Proplieie, sm. a prophet 
Prophetesse, sf. a prophetess 
Propiieiie, prophecy 
Propheiique, 2. a. — tical 
Propiieiinuement, ad. — tieally 
Prophetiser, va. to prophesy, tn 

* foretell 

Propice, 2. a. propitious 
Propitiation, */. atonement 
I'ropiiiatoire, 2. a. — tory 
Propiiiaioire, sm mercy seat 
Proportion, */. — tion 
Proportii>nne, e. a. proportion- 
able, adjusted 
Proportionnel, le. a. — tional 
Proportionnellement, ad. pro- 
Pruporliounement, with propor- 
Proportionner, va. to proportion 
Propos, sm. discourse; proposal; 

A propos, ad. suitably, now I * 

til ink of it 
De propos d6libcr6, onpvrpose 
Proposable, 2. a. that may be pro- 
Pro()Osant, sm. proposer; student 

in divinity 
Proposer, va. to propose; offer; 
move; * make a motion 





Se proposer, vr. to propose; 171- 
tend [motion 

Proposition, sf. — tion, proposal, 
Pain dc — , showbread 
Proposition d'erreur, a writ of 

Propre, 2. a. proper; own; neat; 

self ; fit; apt 
Propre, sm. property; real es- 
Proprement, ad. properly, neatly 
Propret, to. a. nice, neat 
Proprete, sf. cleanliness 
Propretcur, proprietor 
Propii<';laire,5. proprietor, owner 
Propricie, sf. propriety, property 
P.-oipiesteiir, sm. a deputy 
I'rorata au prorata, in propor- 
Prorogation, sf. — tion, delay 
I'roroger, va. to prolong; pro- 
rogue, * put off 
I'rosaique, 2. a. prosaic 
Prosateiir, sm. a prose-writer 
Proscripteiir, a banislur 
Proscription, sf. outlawry 
Proscrire, va. to outlaw, banish 
Proscrit, sm. an outlaw, fugitive 
Proso, sf. prose 

Proselyte, s. a proselyte, convert 
Proser, vji. to * write prose 
Prosodie, sf. prosody 
Prosodique, 2. a. belonging to 

Prosopop6e, sf. — popceia 
Piospectna, sm. plan of a book; 
subscription [oourablc 

Prospere, 2. a. prosperous; fa- 
Prosp6rer, vn. to prosper, to * 

thrive, to * be lucky 
Prosp6rite, sf. — rity, good luck 
Prosternation, prostration 
Prosterneinent, snt. prostration 
Se prosterner, vr. to prostrate 

one's self 
Prostituee, sf. prostitute 
Prostituer, va. to prostitute 
Prostitution, sf. prostitution 

Prostration, tion 

Protasc, sf. protasis 
Protecteur, sm. a protector 
Protection, sf. — tiov, shelter 
Protectrice, a protectress 
Protec, a proteus 
Pfoteger va. to protect, defend 

Protestant, e. a. s. protestant 
Protesta.nlisme,sm.the prottstaiit 

Protestation, sf. protestation 
Proteriter, v. to protest, affirin; 
summon one to discharge a bill 
of exchange 
Protet, sm. a prot''st, summons 
Protocole, a register, protocol 
Protonotaire, prolhonotary 
Prototype, — type, first model 
Protuberance, .«/. —ranee 
Prouc, sf. prow of a ship 
Provoditeur, sm. — tor, overseer 
Provcnant, e, a. accruing, aris- 
Provende, .•?■/. provender 
Provetiir de, vn. to proceed 

from; to accrue; to iaoue 
Provenu, sm. profit 
Vrovcxbe, proverb, saying 
Proverbial, e. a. — bial 
Proverbialeinenl, ad. — hialhj 
Prouesse, sf. prowess, exploit 
Providence, providence 
Provigner, v. to propagate, in- 
Provin, sm. layer of a vine, new 

Province, sf a province, shire 
Provincial, e. a. s. — cia/; coxin- 
try-like; country gentleman or 
gentlewoman (Jnj way of con- 
Provincialat, sm. —cialship 
Proviseur, provisor, patron of a 

Provision, sf. provision, victuals 
Provisions, pi. grant, paten's 
ProvisloniK-l, li;. a. — sionnl 
Provisioanellcineiit, ad. provi- 
Provisoire, 2. a. — sional 
Provisoircmeiit, ad. —sionally 
Provocation, .?/. —-tion 
Provoquer, va.toprovoke; urge; 

viovr; promote 
Prouver, to prove; * make good 
Proxiniite, sf. nearness 
Prude, 2. a. s. sober; prudish 
Prudennnent, ad. prudently 
Prudence, sf. —ce, wisdom 
Prudent, e. a. prudnit, wise 
Pruderie, sf. prudery, affected 

Prud'Iiomme, sm. honest man 
Prud'lioniniie, .?/. probity 
Prune, a plum 
Pruneau, s.m. a prune 
Prunelaie, sf. orchard ofplumr 

Prnnelle, a sloe; the pupil of 

the eye 
Pruneliicr, sm. a sloe-tree 
Prnnior, a plum-tree 
Psaliiiiste, psalmist 
Psahuodie, sf. — dy 
Psaimodicr, v. to * sing psalm 
Psalteiion, sm. psaltery 
Pseannie, a psalm 
Pseautier, a psalter 
Pnaninient, ad. stinkingly 
Puant, e. a. stinking, fusty 
Puanleur, sf. stink, stench 
Pubere, 2. a. of age for marriage 
Puberi6,s/. ripe age 
Public, que. a. public, common 
Public, sm. the public 
Puliiicain, —can 
Publicauon, sf. — tion, publisJt. 

rubiich&, publicity [out 

Publier, va. to publish; * put 
Publiquement, ad.pxiblicly 
Puce, sf. afiea 
Puc«lage, sm. virginity 
Pucerou, grub, vmc-fretter 
Pucliot, a water-spout 
Pudenr, sf. modesty, chastity 
Pndihond, e. a. bashful 
Pudicite, sf. —city, virtue 
Pudique, 2. a. chaste, modest 
Pudiquciiieiit, ad. chastely 
Puer, vn. to * stink 
Pu6rile, 2. a. puerile, childish 
Pucrilenu-nt, ad. childishly 
Puerililo., sf. puerility 
Pugiiat, sm. hoocing 
Puiue\ e. a. younger, second 
Puine, sm. younger son or bro- 
Puinec, sf. youuger daughter or 

Puis, ad. thrn, afterwards 
Puisage, sm. the drawing up 

Puisard, drain-well 
Puiser, ra. to * draw up 
Puisque, c. since; seeing thd 
Puissaiunicnt, ad. mightily 



Puissance, «/. power, might 
Puissant, e. a. powerful; lusty 
Paits, sm. a well 
Pulluler, vn to multiply; to * 

spring up 
Pulmouaire, 2. a. pulmonary 
Pulmonaire, sf. lungwort 
Pulnionie, consumption 
Pulmonique, 2. a. coiisumptii^e 
Puipe, sf. pulp 
Pulpeux, se. a. pulpous, soft 
Pulsaiion, sf. — tion, beating of 

tke pulse 
Puiverin, sm. priming powder 
Pulverisation, .-/. — lation 
Pulveriser, va. to pulverize 
Puniicin. sm. palm-oil 
Panais, e. a. s. one who has a 

fetid nose; buggy 
Punaise, sf. a bug' 
Punir, va. to * punish 
Punissable, 2. a. punishable 
Puiiilior, sf. punishment [nor 
Puiiiilaire, 2. a. — lary, of a vii- 
Piii)illarite, sf. pupillage 
Piipiiie, s. -ward, pupil 
Pu|)illf:, sf. tlie nje-bull 
Piipilre, s"(. a desJc 
i'ur, e. a. pure; mere; clear; 

entire; clean 
Puree, sf. pease sovp 
Purenieiit Sc siniplenient, icith- 

out any reserve or condition 
Piirenient, ad. uprightly; pure- 
ly; entirely; vicrcly 
Pureie, .'/. purencss; purity 
Piireile, bLuk shining sand 
Pnr^rati!', vc. a. s. purging; purge 
Pur-raiion, sf. purge 
Purjiaiions, ;;/. monthly courses 
PurgalDirc, sm. purgatory 
Piirger, va. to purge, clear 
Se — , rr. to take physic 
Purgeiio, */. refining; whiten- 
ing of sugar 
Purilicalion, — tion, cleansing 
Pnrilicaloire, sm. — tury 
Purifier, va. to purify; cleanse 
Purisnif, sm. nicety in the use of 

Puristo, a purist 
Puriiains, —tans, Calvi7iists 
Piirpurin, e. a. purplish 
Purpurinc, sf. ground brass 
Purulent, c a. —lent, mattery 


Pus, sm. pus, matter I 

Pusillanime, 2. a. — nimous 
Pusillanjuute, sf. -nimity 
Pustule, pustule, pimple 
Putatit", ve. a. supposed, reputed 
Pulois, 5771. a polecat 
Putrefaction, sf. — tion 
Putrel'ait, e. a. putrefied 
Pulrefier, ca. to putrefy, * rot 
Putride, 2. a. putrid, rotten 
Py2;niee, sm. a pigmy, dwarf 
Pyloro, — rus, lower orifice of 
the stomach [dical 

Pyramidal, e. a. — dul, pyratni- 
PjTamide, sf. pyramid, heap 
Pyrrhonieu, nc. a. s. — nian, 

Pyrrlionismc, sm. — ni^m, scep- 
Pyrrliiquc, sf. a military dunce 
Pylliie, sf. priestess of .Apollo 
PithoM, sm. Python, a faudliar 

PyUionisse, sf. Pythoness, witch 


£\ UADERXES, 5771. pi. two 
f:i fours {at dice) 
Quadraijenaire, 2.a.s. —narious, 

forty years old 
Quadragesimal, e. a. —mal, of, 

or belonging to Lent 
Quadraacsinie, sf. — ma, the first 

.'Sunday in Lent 
Quadrangle, sm. — glc, square 
Quadrangiilaire, 2. a. —lar 
Quadrat, sm. quadrat 
Quadrature, sf. — tare; sgnar 

ing: motion 
Quadrer, vid. Cadrer 
Quadriennial, e. a. quadrennial 
Quadril'oliuni, sm. sort of trefoil 

or clover -with four leaves 
Quadrilatero, sm. quadrilater 
Quadrille, sf. troop of horse for 

a carousal 
Quadrille, sm. qnadril (game) 
Quadrupede, a quadruped 

,2. a. quadruped, four-footed 

Quadruple, 2. a. sm. fourfold 
Quadrnplcr, va. to quadruplicate 
Quai, ini. the quay on a river 
Quaiciic, sf. a ketch 


Qup.kre, esse, s. a quaker 
Quakeri.sme, sm. — risni 
Qualiricateur, —catur 
Quaiificaiiou, sf- — tion, name; 

Qualifier, va. to call; to * give 

the title of; to qualify 
Qualiie, sf. quality, title 
Quand, e. though, if 

nieme, though; although, ij 

Quar.d, ad. when 

Quant a. ad. as for, as to 

Quanlieine, 2.a. sm.what, which; 

day of tlie mouth 

a vast deal 
Quaraniaine, /oriy, quarantine 
Quarante, 2. a. forty 
Quarantieme, 2. a. fortieth 
Quarre, vid. Carre, &;c. 
Quart,s7/i.a quarter; aseaman'.^ 

Quart, e. a. fourth [years old 
Quariaiiier, sm. a wild boar four 
Quartaut, a quarter cask 
QuartP, sf. a quart; a fourth in 

music, at piquet, >S-c. 
Quarlonier, sm. alderman of 6 

Quarteron, quarter of a pound; 

quarter of a hundred 
Quartier, a quarter; quarters; 

Quasi, ad. almost; even 
Quasimodo, .e^. Low Sunday 
Quatorzain.e, sf. a fortnigJU 
Quatorze, 2. a. sm. fourtcai 
Quatorzienie, 2. a. s. fourteenth 
Quatrain, sm. stanza of four 
Qnatre, 2. a. four [verses 

Quatre-tenss, pZ. ember-week 

— vingts, 2. a. fourscore 

— viiigt-dix, 2. a. ninety 

— vingtieme, 2. a. eightieth 
Quatrienie, 2. a. sm. fourth 

, sf. fourth {at picket) 

Quatrieinement, ad. fourthly 
Quatrieimal, e. a. quadrennial 
Quayage, sm. quay-toll 
Q.UK,pro. that, which,whom,what 
Que, ad. how, how much; than, 

but, less, unless, let, that 
Quel 1 quelle? jjro. a. whal 
Quelconque, whatever 
Quel que soit, whatever be 





Quelquefois, ad. sometimes 
Q.ueliiu'un, somebody, one 
Cluenotte, sf. first tooth 
Quenouille, distaff, bed-post 
Quenouillee, distaff full 
ttuencuillette, little distaff 
Guerelle, a quarrel, debate 
Q,uereiler,^jji. to scold, quarrel 
Be — , vr. to quarrel 
Querelleur, se. s. a quarrelsome 

man or woman 
Qucrir, va. to * fetch 
Questeur, sin. questor, purser 
Question, sf. question, query, 

matter, debate; torture 
fiuestionnaire, sm.. a torturer 
liuestioiincr, va. to * ask ques- 

Questionneiir, sm. an examiner 
^uesture, sf. questorship 
Qutte, quest, search, gathering 
Quetei, vn. to hunt; * make a 

gathering; * go a begging 
Qufeteur, e. s. one who makes a 

Queue, sf. tail, train, handle, 
end, latter end, loin; vessel, 

cue, stalk, rear. Queue a 

queue, one after another 
Queue, sf. a bone 
Q.ue\ix,sm.the king' s master cook 
Qui , pro. thatjicho, xohom, ichich; 

Qui que ce soil, whoever; no- 
Quiconque, pro. whoever 
Quidam, sm. a certain man 
Quldane, sf. a certain woman 
Quiet, e. a. quiet, at rest 
Qui6tisme, sm. — tism 
Quietiste, — tist 
Quietude, sf. qxiietness, rest 
Quignon, sm. luncheon of bread 
Quillage, a ship-toll 
Quille, sf. a nine-pin, keel 
Quiller, vn. to * throw who is to 

gcther, at nine-pins, Sc. 
Quillicr, sm. nine-pin square 
Quinaud, e. a. abashed, silly 
Quincaillerie, sf. ironmonger' s 

Quincailler, sm. ironmonger 
Quinconce, quincunx, checker- 
Quines, sm. pi. two fives {at dice) 

Quinola, sm. knave cf hearts (al 

Quiiiquagtiiialrc, 2. a. s- fifty 
years old [day 

Quinquai:<';siirie,s/. — sima-Hun- 
Quinqueunal, e. a. — 7iial 
Quinquina, sm-jesjiiVs bark 
Quint, e. a. fifth 
Quiiitaine, sf. guii'tin 
Cmhita\,sm.quinta/, stone pitcher 
Quinte, sf. aviohntfii. of cough- 
ing; a freak; quint; fifth in 
Quinte-feuifle, cinquefoil 
Quintessence, — ec; substance 
Quintessencier, va. to be nice or 

Quinteux, se. a. whimsical, pet- 
Quintuple, 2. a. quintuple 
Quinzain, sm. fifteen all 
Quinzaine, s'f. fifteen; fortnight 
Quinze, 2. a. fifteen 
Quinzieme, 2. a. sm fifteenth 
Quiproquo, sm. a miitake 
Quiqueron, a nightman 
Quillance, sf. an acquittance, 

Quittancer, va. to * write a re- 
Qnitte, 2. a. quit, clear, free, rid 
Quittcuient, ad. clear 
Quitter, vn. to quit, * forsake; 
pull or ■* cast off,* leave, yield, 
* let go, desist, excuse 
Quitteur, se. .«. aforsakcr 
Qui-vive7 who * goes then? 
— Etre sur le qui vive, to * be 

watchful; to * be uneasy 
Quoailler, vn. not to * stand still 
(X\ioi, pro. which, what, that 
Quoi I what! how now! 
Quoiqr.e, c althoush, though 
Quoiibet, sw. quirk; pun,ji/ke 
Quolihelier, punster 
Quotepart, */. quota, share 
Quotidien, ne. «. daily 
Quotient, sm. quotient 
Quotitti, s. quota, share 


RABACIl AGE, sm. tiresome 
repetition in discourse 

Rabaclier, vn. to*make tiresome 

Raliachenr, se. one who * makaa 

tiresome repetitions 
Rabais, sm. abatement, fall 
Uabaif^stiuent, lessening 
Rabaisser, v. to abate; lessen; * 

check; * fall; lower 
Rabat, stn. a band; the tipping 

at vine- pins 
Rabatage, tare, deduction 
Habat-joie, a sad balk 
Rabattre, va. to abate; bate; * 

tip; * fall on; parry; pull 

dowji again; to humble; les- 
sen; plait and sew 
Rabbi, ou Rabbin, sm. rabbi; 

Jewish doctor 
Rabbinage, the study of the rab- 
bis' books 
Rabbinique, 2. a. — nical 
Rabbinisme,6/n. — 7iism,Judaism 
Rabbiniste, —nist 
Rab6tir, v. to stupify; * grow 

Rabillage, sm. patching, piecing 
Rabiller, va. to * patch, to piece 
Rable, sm. back of a hare; rake 

for an oven 
Rablu, e. a. strong-backed 
Rabobeliner, va. to * patch up 
Habonir, to meliorate 
Knbot, sm. aplane; beater 
Rabotcr, va. to plane 
Rai)()teu.\, !?e. a. rugged, rough 
Rabougrir, vn. to* grow, stunted 
Rabouiliere, sf. a rabbit's hole 
Raboutir, va. to piece, to * patch 
Rabrouer, to snub, to chide 
Rabroueur, se. s. snubber 
Rac.aille, sf. rabble, trash 
Racroinmodage, sm. mending, 

piecing, patching 
Racconmiodement, reconcilo- 

Raccommoder, va. to mend; * 

set right, reconcile 
Racconiniodcur, se. .s. a mender^ 

a botcher 
Raccordenienl, sm. levelling 
Raccnrder, va. reconcile again, 

to nnc tune; level 
Raccouplcr, to couple again 
Raccourci, sm. abridgment 
Raccourci, va. to shorten 





Raccourciasenient, sm. shorten- 
ings abridfrivg 
Ractoutrenioil, mewling 
Raccoutrer, va. to mend 
RaccouUeur, se. s. a botcher 
Se raccoutuiner, vr. to use one^s 

self again 
Raccroclier, va. to hook again; 

to recover; to * be reconciled 
Race, sf. race; breed; kind 
Racer, vn. to race 
Rachalander, va. to retrieve 

custom or customers 
Kacliat,5m. redemption, recovery 
Raclie, 5/. dregs of pitch; scurf 

on the heed 
Raclietahlo, -2. a. redeemable 
Kaclieter, va. to '^ binj again;. 

redeem; regain 
Raclieux, sc. a. that * has a 

scald head 
Racliitique,-2. a. ricketty 
Racliitis, sm. rickets 
Racine, sf. root, principle 
Raciiier. v. to * spring up; dye 

With roots 
Racle-bovau. sm. scraper, sorry 

Racier, va. to scrape; grate; 

clean; to * strike off corn 
Raclour, sm. scraper; sorry 

Racloir, scraper, rake 
l^.acloire, sf. a strickle 
Raciure, scraping 
RacoIa<:e, sm. the enticing men 

to list Uiemsclces 
Racoler, va. to entice men to list 

Racoleur, sm. a crimp 
Racoiiter, vu. to relate, * tell 
Raconteur, 5771. arelater 
Racornir, va. to * make tough 
R acquit, sm. winning back 
Sc racquitter, vr. to * win back 
Rade, sf. road for ships 
Radeau, sm. raft of timber 
Rader, S77i. to come into a ship's 

Radeur, S77i. salt-meter 
Radial, e. a. radial [out 

Radiation, sf. —tion, crossing 
Radical, e. a. radical 
Radicalement, ad. —cally, ori- 

Radicrition, .-f. radication 
Radicule, radicle 
Radie, e. a. radiated 
Radieux, se. a. radiant 
Radiometre, 5771. radiometer; 

Jacob's staff, cross-staff . 
Radis, a kind of horse-radish 
Radius, Rayoii, radius, ray 
Radotage, dotage, raving 
Radoter, vn. to dote, to rave 
Radoterie, sf. dotage 
Radoteur, se. s. a dotard 
Radoub, sm. refitting a ship 
Radmbemenl, refitting of a ship 
Radouber, va. to refit, caulk 
Radoubeur, sm. a caulker 
Radoucir, va. to sweeten, soften 
Se — , vr. * grow mild; relent 
Radoucissemenl, sm. mitigation 
Rafale, sf. a squall 
Se rafiaiser, vr. to * sink down 

again [harden 

Rafi'ermir, va. to strengthen, 
Se — , vr. to * be confirmed; set- 
tled [ing 
Raffermissement, 5771. establish- 
Raffinace, refinement 
Raffineinent, refining; affected 

nicety; subtlety 
Raffiner, va. to rtfine; * be nice 
Se raffiner, 7-7-. to grow sharp 
Raffinerie, sf. sugar-bahehnuse 
Raffineur, sm. a sugar-bakrr; 

hypercntic [fond of 

Ralfoler, vn. to * be passionately 
Raffolir, vn. to * grow mad 
Raffuter, va. to *"dress or clean 

a hat 
Rafle, sf. pair-royal at dice; 

grape's stalk; raffic-net 
Rafler, va. to * sweep the board 
Rafraichir, v. to cool, rcfit,*blow, 

relieve,* crop, *cut off the ends 
Se — , vr. to grow cool; to * blow 

fre.''h; refresh one's self 
Rafraichissant, e. a. cooling 
Rafraichisseinent, sm. a cooling; 

Reigaillardir, va. to brisk up 
Rage, sf. madness, rage 
Ragot, e. a. thick and short 
Ragot, e. s. dwarf, shrimp 
Ragoter, vn. to grumble 
Ragout, sm. ragoo, enticement 

Ragoulanf, e. a. relishing, plea 

sant, savoury 
Ragouter, va. to revive one's sio- 

hiach; to quicken; stir vp 
Ragtatier, ca. to * clasp again 
Kagrandir, to enlarge; raise 
Ragrement, sm. new fronting^ 

Ragreer, va. to neic front, to 

finish apiece 
Raie, sf.line, stroke, streak, fur- 
row; thom-back; stripe 
— a la raie, one with another 
Rajeunir. va. to * make young 

, vn. to *grow young 

Rajiunir^cnicut, sm. growing 

yuuvg again 
Raiiort, horse-radish 
Railler, va. to rally, banter, jest 
Se — . vr. to jeer, * laugh at 
RaiJIcrie, if. i-un trying, jest 
Railleur, se. a. s. bantering; 

bantet er, jester, jeerer 
Rainceau, svi. leafy buugh 
Raine, sf. a frog 
Rainure, a groove 
Raipouce. rampiun 
Raire, va. to shave; bellow 
Rais, sm. a spoke of a wheel 

, beam of light {in poetry) 

RdL\i\n, a grape [grapes 

Raisine, thick confection oj 
Raison, sf. reason, sense; proof, 

cause, matter, satisfaction 
Raison, (d'une socieie.) a firm 

(in trade) 
Raisonnab!c,2. a. reasonable, ra- 
tional, ju-^t, right, zcise, conf 

Rni&om).^h\emex\X,ad. rationally, 

justly, reasonably 
Raisonn6, e- a. rational; accvr 

Raisonnement, sm. reasoning, 

judgment, argument 
Raisonner, vn. to reason; argue 
Raisonneur, s€. s. a reasoner 
Rajustenient, sm. reconciliation 
Rajuster, va. to * set in order 

again, reconcile 
Rale, sm. wheezing, rattling in 

the throat 
Ralement, rattling in the throai 
Ralemir, va. to slacken, abate, 

lessen, relent 


Ualentissement, sm. slackening 
Italer, vn. to rattle in the throat 
He raliter, vr. to relapse 
Ka'Iiement, sm. raUying 
llailier, va. to ralUj 
Ralloiiger, va. to lengthen 
Railuiuer, va. to light again 
So — , vr. to kindle^ or * break 

out again 
Raiiiaclaii, 0iiRamazari,5»i. Ma- 
hometan Lent 
Raauidoaer, va. to coax 
Raniadoueur, sm. a flatterer 
RamadouY, Indian rat 
Ramage, the warbling of birds; 

flowering; a right of cutting 

l/ranchts in a forest 
R.aiuager, on. to warblo, * chirp 
Rainaigrir, v. to* make or * grow 

lean again 
Raiiiailler, va. to * dress goats' 

skins shamoy-like 
Raiaas, sm. collection, heaps 
Ramas-se, sf. sledge used on the 

Xlaniasser, va. to gather, collect; 

pick up; * bang 
Ramasser, to lead or * drive 

sUd'Tes on the snow 
Ramasseur, s,n. a sledg-^ driver 
Ramassis, heap of rags, <Vc. 
Rainburge, </^. adoice-boat 
Ranibour, sm. sort of fine large 

RaoiLiou"-?, ou Haiubourg, sm. 

sort ofca-'k for pickled salmon 
Raine, sf. an oar; a ream; slake 
Ratimiu, sm. a bough, branch 
— , {in anat.) raniiflcations 
— , (in war) branch, return gal- 
ley, or arraignee of a mine 
— , (?-i geneal.) brunch 
— , (id nat. hist.) veins of gold, 

silver, i^c. in mines 
Rainai;, •;/. arbour, agrem bough 
Ua iietnler, v. to * fall in price; 

to meni: recover 
Rameiier, va. to * bring back; to 

Rainequiii, sm. Welch rabbit 
Rainer, vn. to row; * set up 

sticks for peas, Src. 
— PoLs rallies, sm. pi. peas that 

grow upon sticks 
Ramcreau, sm. young ring-dove 



Rameur, a rower 
Rameux, se. a. branchy 
Ramier, sm. wood-pigeon, ring- 
dove, stock-dove 

Rainiticalion, sf. tion 

Se ramitier, vr. to ramify, lopart 

into branches 
Ramiugue, a. restive, stubborn 
Ramoindrir, va. to lessen, dimin- 
Rainoitir, to * damp, moisten 
Rainollir, to soften, slacken 
Rainolli.sdaiit, sm. emollient phy- 
Raiuollitif, ve. a. emollient 
Raiiiou, sm. old broom 
Raiiioner, va. * sweep a chimney 
Rn\iione\u,sm.achimncy-s weeper 
Rampant, e. a. pant; crawl- 
ing, cringing, servile, mean 
Rampant, sm- sort of truss 
Rampe, sf. flight of staircase; 

balustrade, slope 
Rainpeineni, sm. creeping 
Ramper, vn. to crawl, creep, 

cringe, to be * mean 
Ramure, sf. horns of a deer 
Ranee, 2. a. sm rancid, rusty 
Raiicidit6, sf. rustiness 
Rancir, vn. to * grow rancid 
Ranci;-siue, sf. rancidness 
Raiicon, ransom 
Ranconnement, sm. extortion, 

Raiiconner, va. to ransom, to 

extort, exact 
Rancouneur, se. 5. extortioner, 

Rancune, sf. rancour, grudgt 
Rancunier, e. a. s. rancorous 
Rang, sm. rank, row, tarn, rate, 

sta-ck, class, order 
Rangee, sf. a row, range 
Ranger, va. to * set in order; 
range, rank, * put, * draw 
back, .subdue, tame 
Se ranger, vr. to * stand by, to 

side, to veer 
Ra;igier, sm- vid. Renne 
Runinisr, va. to reanimate, re- 
vive, stir up 
Ranulaire, 2. a. ranular 
Raiiiile, sf. ranula; tumour 
Itapace, '2. a. rapacious, irreedy 
Rapacile 5/. —iy, greediness 



Rapatelle, horse hair cloth 
Rapatriement, sm. reconciliation 
Rapatrier, va. to reconcile 
Rape, sf. grater, rasp, file; rape 
Rape, sm. new wine 
Raper, va. to grate, * rasp 
Rapetasser, to * patch v.p, piece 
Rapetissei, v. to lessen; * grow 

less or short; * shrink 
Rapide, 2. a. rapid, swift 
Rapidenient, ad. swiftly 
Rapidlte, sf. —ty, swiftness 
Rapiecer, va. to piece, '*' patch 
Rapiecetage, sm. patched work. 
Rapieceter, va. to patch; piece 
Rapiere, sf. a rapier, a sword 
Rapine, rapine, plundering 
Ropiner, va. to pillage, rob 
Rajjinerie, sf. plunder 
Rapineur, sm. plunderer [again 
Rappareiller, va. to * set sail 
Rapparier, to * match again 
Rappel, SOT. recaW; second calling 
Rappeller, va. to call back, call 
over again; recall; trace back; 
* draw hack 
Rappliquer, to apply again 
Se — , vr. to apply one's self 

Rapport, sm- report; produce; 
ajjinity; respect; rising uf the 
stomach; relation, tale 
Rapporter, va. to bring back; 

relate; yield; tell tales 
Se — , va. to agree; join issu^; 

refer, relate 
Rapporteur, se. s. a tell-tale 
Rapporteur, sm. recorder, pro- 
Rapprendre, va. to * learn again 
Rapprivoiser, to tame again 
Rapprochement, sm. reconcile 

Rapproclicr, va to * draw near 

again; reconcile 
Se — , va. to * come nearer 
Rapsodie, .«/. rhapsody 
Rapsodisle, sm. rhapsodist 
Rapt, rape; violence 
Rapure, sf. raspings 
Ra«,ue, rack; arrack 
Kaciuelte, a racket 
Raquette, ou figuier d'Inde, In- 
dian fig-tree 
Raquetlier, sm. racket-maker 



Rare, 2. a. rare, uncommon, 

scarce, thin, exquisite 
naretaclif, ve. a. —live 
Rarefaction, sf. —Hon 
Rarefiaut, a. rarejiable 
Rar6fier, va. to rarefy, * make 

So — , vr. to graio thin 
Rarement, ad. rarely, seldom 
Earet6, sf. rarity, scarcity 
Rarissinie, 2. a. very rare 
Ra5, e. a. shaved close, smooth, — 

Couper ras, to cut oj}' close 
Ra^ade, sf. brimmer, bumper 
Rase, caulking pitch 
Rasement, sm. demolishing 
Raser, va. to shave; raze; graze j 
Easibus, ad. close 
Rasoir, sju. a razor 
Rassade, sf. glass beads 
Rassasiant, e. a- cloying 
Raasasieinent, sm. satiety 
Rassasior, va. to fill; satiate 
Se — , vr. to be satisfied^ to * be \ 
cloyed j 

Rassembler, va. to gather; col- | 
lect; join together again; * | 
meet again, reassemble \ 

Rasseoir, vn. to settle; * put 

5e — , vr. to * sit down again 
Rassdrener, va. to * make serene 
Se — , vr. to clear up 
Rassieger, va. to besiege again 
Raasis. C. a. stale; staid; settled, 

calm, sedate 
Rassis, S7n. mending of a horse- 
Rassoier, va to * beset, infatu- 
Rassurer, va. to secure; * set in 

hewl again 
Se — , vr. to cheer up again; 

Rat, sm a rat; small raft 
Ratafia, —fia, cordial liquor 
Se ratatiner, vr. to * shrink, shri- 
Rate, sf the spleen 
Rateau, sm. a rake; ward of a 

Ratelee, sf. a raking 
Rateler, va. to rake 
RaK^It'ur, sm. a raker 
Riuelc'ii.v, 90. a. s. splenetic 


Ratelier, sm. rack; set .■•ftcaJi I 
Uater, vu. to * snap; * jla^h iu > 

the pan \ 

Raiier, sm. a humorist ■ 

RaiisJre, sf. rat or tnousetmp; 

a small room | 

Raiificaiioii, —lion j 

Ratilier, vn. to ratify, confirm l 
Ratiilon, sw. a littL rat ' 

Ratine, sf. rateen 
Ratiocination, — tion, argument 
Ratiociner, vn. to argue 
Ration, s. share of provision 
Ratiounel, le. a. rational 
Ratiser, va. to stir the fire; ex- 
Ratisser, va. to scrape, rcke oif 
Batissoire, sf. an iron rake 
Rati:?sures, /. pi. scrapings 
Raton, sm. cheesecake; small rat 
Rattacher, va. to tie again 
Ratteindre, to * overtake 
Rattrapjier, to * overtake, regain, 

* catch again 
Rature, */. ru^ure, scratch 
R&turer, va. to erase, scratch, 

blot out 
Ravage, sm. ravage, waste 
Kavager, va. to ravage * spoil j 
Ravaiement, sm. disgrace; plus- 1 

tcriiig of a wall j 

Ravaler, va. to debate, swallow I 

down again; * fall; * lop off \ 
Se — , vr. humble one's self j 

Ravaudage, sm. botching j 

Ravauder, v. to botch; scvld; to \ 

ti-ifle; to plague i 

Ravauderie, sf. silly stuff 
Ravaudeur, se. s. a botcher 
Raucite, sf. hoarseness | 

Rave, a radish i 

Ravelin, sm. ravelin j 

Ravigote, sf. a shalot-sauce i 
Ravigoter, va. to revive \ 

Ravilir, to vilify, disgrace | 

Ravin, sm. a hollow road; a 

gutter caused by a food j 

Ravine, sf. a great Jloud; hollow | 

in a road | 

Ravir, vn. to * ravish; to rharm\ 
— a ravir, wonderfully well \ 

Se raviser, vr. to * think bitter { 

of it ! 

RavissantjC. a. ravenous; charm- I 

ing I 


Ikrvi^.'Cni'.nij.vw. ravishing, rap 

Ravi.^teur, a raviskcr 
lJavilai'!«;i!:eot, supply of provi- 
sions and ummiiuition 
Raviiailier, va. to victual again 
R;;\iver, va. to brisk up; nvive 
Ravoir, to * get again, reaver 
Uiiuque, ~. a. /lO.irisc, hars.h 
Raver, va. to streak; erase; rijle 

a gun 
Rayon, 5ffi. a ray; furrow; spoke; 

Rayonnant, e. a. radin:!t 
RayonncHient, sm. radiutiim 
Rayoniier, vn to emit rays 
Rayuro, sf. stripes, the rife of a 

Ra/e, kind of serge 
R*", sm. d, viiisictil note 
lie, and Uc, a rcriupi'caTivo par- 
ticiu which cntiMs in tlie com- 
position of many \V(>id.<5, and 
is trantlaled into English b) 
tlie word again, or bach Ex 
6cii:p, * to write; recrire, ta 
write again; venir, to * come; 
revcnir, tv come back.— AW the 
words in w'jich Re or lie is 
merely redirolicative, are fof 
the most pait omitted in this 
Dictionaiy, at^d in Uiat of th« 
Freiicli academy 
Reaction, sf. reaction 
Rf^aggrave, sm. last threatening 

Reaggravcr, vr. to reaggravate 
R6ajourncment, sm. new sum 

R(^ai, e. a. regal, royal 
Reale, .«/. commander's galley 

teal (ipcnish coin) 
R6a!tral, sm. red arsenic 
R6alis(.r, ra. to realize 
Reaiite, sf. reality [survey 

RearjK-ntage, sm. second land 
Rea.ssigiiaiion, sf. new assign- 
ment, new sumnuns 
Reatteler, va. to * put to again 
R6ai!X, Sin. pi. reals (.Spanish 

Rebarbatif, ve. n. crabbea 
Rebattre, to * beat again; shuf- 
fe again; rcpea^ over and 





R6baudir, va. to encourage the 

Rebec, sm. rebec; fiddle 
Rebelle, 2. a. s. relellious; re- 
Se rebeller, rr. to rebel 
Rebellion, sf. rebellion 
Se rebequer, vr. to * be mala- 
Rebondi, e. a. round, plump 
Rebondir, vn. to rebound 
Rebondissement, sni. rcbour.d 
Rebord, border, hem, ledge 
Reborder, va. to new-border 
Reb(;Uis, sm. wrong side, wrong 

sense, reverse 
Rebours, e. a. cross-grained 
A rebours, an rebours, against 

the grain 
Rebrassnr, to brew again; * mix 
together again; ''tuck up one's 
Rcbroder, to embroidir again 
Rebrousscr, va. to turn up the 

Rebrousser, vn. to * go back; to 

* run, or * Jloic back 
A rebrousse-poil, against the 

grain; peevishly 
Rebroussoir, sm. cloth-brush 
Rebruiiir, va. to burnish again 
Rebuffade, sf. a rebuff, denial 
R6but!, sm. rebus, siLhj pun 
Kebut, repulse; trash, nfvse 
Rebutant, e. a. crabbed; forbid- 
ding; loathsome 
Rebutur, V a. to refuse icith harsh- 
ness; * thrust away; disheart- 
en; dii-gviel 
Se— , vr. to despond; * be dis- 
Rccatber, va. to * hide again 
Se — , * hide one's self again 
Rccalcilrant, e. a. reluctant 
Recalcitrer, vn. to * be obstinate 
Recamer, va. to emboss in gold 

or silver 
Recapitulation, sf. — lion 
Recapituler, va. to recapitulate, 

to sum up 
Recarrelcr, to new-pave,new-sole 
Receder, to restore back again 
Receleinent, sm. concealment 
Receler, va. to conceal, secret- to 
receive stolen goods 

(Recelcur, se. s.receicir of stolen 
gouus; concealtr 
Receumieut, ad. lately, recrxtly 
Recensemeur, sm. a new verifi- 
cation of goods 
Recenser, va. to verify goods 

R6cent, e. a. recent, fresh, new 
Rcc6page, sm. hypping a tree 
Receper, va- to lop the tops of 

Recd'piss6, sm. a receipt 
Receptacle, a receptacle, nest; 

CO mmoji sewer 
Reception, sf. reception, admit- 
Recette, receipt; recipe; recei- 
ver's office 
Rccevable, 2. a. receivable; laic- 

Receveur, se. s. a receiver 
Recevoir, va. to receive; adihit 
Rechafauder, va. to new-scaffold 
Recbange, sm. change of arms, 

cordage, S,-c. 
Reclianger, va. to change again 
Rcchanter, to * sing u^ain; to 

* tell over and over 
R6chapper, vn. to escape; reco- 

Recharge, sf. fresh charge; ad- 
ditional tax 

Reclia^eer, to * bed back,* drive 
buck, turn out 

Rccliasseur, sm. a driver back 

Hechaud, chafing-dish 

Recbauf, Rechaufl'tment, hot 

Recliaufler, va. to warm again, 
stir vp again; renew 

R6chauffoir, sm. small stove for 

Recliausser, va. to *■ ■■>;' en, 
again; * lay on neu lar.ii ■ x 

Recherche, */. inquirr; fciirh; 

Recherche, e. a. far-fetched, af- 

Rrcliercher, va. to * seek again; 

* make inquiry; to court 
Rechigne, e. a. crabbed look 
Rechigner, vn. to look sr^iff 
Rechoir, to* fall again; relapse 
Rechute, sf. relapse; second fall 

F.ecidive, arilapse 
ROcidiver, va. to relapse 
Kdcipe, sm. prescription, recipe 
Recipiendaire, a candidate 
Recipient, — pitnt, vessel in chy- 

mis try 
Reciprocation, .9/. —tion 
Reciprocite, —city 
Reciproque, 2. a. s. reciprocal 
R6ciproquement, ad. — procal- 

Reciproqucr, va. to requite 
Rccirer, va. to wax again 
P.eci!;ion,s/. — sion,disanAulling 
Recil, sm. recital, account, riia- 

tion, report, recitative 
Recitateur, rthearser, reciter 
Recitation, sf. rehearsing 
Reciter, va. to recite, tell, relate, 

repeat, disclaim 
Reclamateur, S7n. claimant 
Reclamation, sf. —tion 
Reclame, directiun or catdfiword 
Reclamer, va. to claim, implore, 

object against 
Se reclani'jr de, vr. to make use 

of one's name 
Reclamper, va. to mend a broken 

mast or yard 
Recliner, to recline 
Reclouer, to nail again 
Rcclure, to cloister up 
Reclus, e. a. s. tccluse 
Recogner, v. to * beat back; * 

knock in again 
Recoin, svi: nvok; by-place 
Recolement, re-examination 
Recoler, va. to re-examine 
Recollection, sf. —tion 
Recoller, va. paste or glue again 
B.(^cn\k:t, to. s. Franciscan friar 

or 7iun 
Se recoiiigcr, vr. to recollect 

one's self 
R^toite, sf. crop, harvest 
Recolter, va. to * make the har- 
Recommandable,2. a. commend- 
able, praiseworthy 
Uecomniandaiesse, sf. woman 

who keeps an office for maida 

and nurses 
Recommendation, sf. —mendor 

tion, esteem 





Recommander, va. to recom- 
mend, desire, pray fur 
Se — , vr. to look for protection 
Recommencement, sm. new be- 
Recommencei', begin again 
Recompense, sf. a reward, 

amends, need 
En — , ad. in return 
Recompenser, va. to reward, * 

make amends, compensate 
Recomposer, to compose again 
Recomposition, sf. — tion 
R6concil\able,2. a. reconcilcahle 
R6conciliateur, sm. reconciler 
R6concilialion, sf. —cilcment 
R6conciUer, va. to reconcile 
Reconduire, to reconduct 
R6couf6rt, sm. comfort 
R6confotter, va- to cheer; to 

Reconfrontalion, sf. the con- 
fronting again 
Reconfronler, va. tc confront 

Reconnoissable, 2. a. easy tc be 

knoicn again 
Reconnoissance, sf. gratitude, 
reteard, confession, a knowing 
Reconnoissant, e. a. grateful, 

Reconnoitre, va. to know again, 

acknoicledge, observe 
Se — , vr. to * come to one^s self; 

to repent 
Reconquerir, va. to reconquer 
Reconter, to relate, or tell again 
Recopier, va. to copy again 
Recoquillement, sm. shrinking; 

curling up 
Recoquiller, va. to curl; * shrink, 

cock up 
Recorder sa lecon, va. to con 

one's lesson 
Recorder, to twist again; re- 
Recorriger, to revise 
Recors, sm. bailiff's folio irer 
Recoucher, va. to * put to bed 

— ,io * throw down again; to 

bet again 
Se — , vr. * to go to bed again 
Recoudre, va. to sew again 

Rcroupe, sf. rubble of stones; i 

chipping of bread; Jirst bran, 

pollard I 

Recoupement, sm. recess in a\ 

wall or building 
Recouper, va. to * cut 
Recoupetle, sf. coarse meal 
Recourber, va. to * bend 
Kecourir, vn. to * run again, to 

* have recourse to 
Recourre, va. to icscue 
Recours, sm. recourse; redress 
Recourse, sf. rescue, help 
Recoiivcr, va. to brood again 
RecoTlvrable, 2. a. recoverable 
Recouvreinent, sm. rccvcery; 

gathering of tazts 
Recouvrer, va. to ncover, to re- 
trieve; levy, gather 
Recouvrir, to again 
Recreance, sf. a procisionalpus- 

session given in a suit 
Recrcatif, ve. a. diverting 
Uf creation, sf. —tion, sport 
Recicer, va. to recreate, rcfnsh 

, to create anew, regenerate 

Se — , vr. to rcfnsh or divert 

one's self 
Recrement, sm. — went, dross 
Rccrcpir, va. to parget again 
Se recrier, vr. to rcilaim, cry out 
Recrimination, sf. —tiun 
Rccriminer, vn. to reirimincte 
Recroqueviller, »-n. to shrivel, to 

* shrink up, to roll up 
Recru, e. a. jaded, quite spent 
Recruc, sf recruit, recruiting 
Kecruter, va. to ricrnit,fll up 
Recta, cd. dinctly, straight 
R'jclangle, 2. a- s. rectangle 
Rectaiigulaire, 2. a. — lar 
Uecteur, sm. a rector 
Rectification, .if. —tiun,rffning 
Rectifier, va. to rectify, rijine 
Rectiligne, 2. a. rectilineal, or 

Rectitude, sf. rectitude; equity 
de la vue, directness of the 

Rec'o, sm. the frst page vf a 

Rectoral, e. a. rectoral 
Rectorat, sn. rectorship 
Rectorerie, sf rector;/ 
Kt-cu, sm. a receipt, discharge 

Recuei!, a. collection 
Heciieillement, recollection 
Recueiliir, va. to gather; * reap; 
recollect; compile; sumup 

ses espriij;, to come to one's 

self again 
Se — , vr. to meditate 
Recuire, ra. to roast or boii 

again; toneul 
RecuiL, e. a. overdone; nealed; 
dune again 

, 0. s. nealing, baking 

Rocu., sm. a recoil, recoiling 
Reculade, sf. drawing back 
Recuic, e. a. distant, remote 
lietulemenl, sm. putting off, 

drawing back, delay 
Retiiltii, va. to * put back, * fall 
baik: letnrd; lecoil; extend; 
shift; * give ground; Co * fun 
A leculons, backwards, unwill- 
Recupcier, vn. to recover 
Recusable, 2 a. cxceptwnalle 
ReL•^l^atioll, sf. exception in law 
Recuser, fa. tu ixc pt against 
Rtdacteur, sm compilir 
Redaction, sj. digesting, con pil- 
Rfdan, sm. redan 
Redarfiutr, va. to rebuke, re- 
prove \up 

Uedililion, .'/. surrenelcr, gicmg 
Redefairt-, va. to * um.'o again 
Redi uiantler, ask again; require 
Rcd( mpteur, sm. hedeemcr 
Redi-n-ptioM, sf. —tion 
Rede \ able, 2. a. indebted: bound 
Kf'dcvaiue, .«/. nni, sirvice 
Redevancier, e. s. tenant, vassul 
Kcdevfiiir, vn. to * become again 
Redevtiir, to owe stili 
Rediuer, pa. to con.mitto writ- 
ing; digest 
Se rtdinitr, vr. to free one's s^lf 
RedinKOle, sf. riding coat 
Rtdiie, ra. to say * ovir again; 

to blab; to * Jind fault 
Rrdisriir. sm. npcntcr, Idl-tnls 
Rcditc, .-/ rrjniition, tuvtuli gy 
Redondanr e. redundance 
Rcdondani. e. a superfluous 
Redonder, ra. to redound; to 





Redoinier, * give again, * fall 

on again 
Kedoier, to new-gild 
Rtdoublemeiit, sin. a violent Jit; 

Redoubleniens, pi. paroxysms 
Redouble!-, to. to ncw-lme ; to 

increase; redouble 
Redoutablc,2. a.forvMalle, aw- 
Drdiule, sf. a redoubt 
Rcdouter, va. to fear, dread 
Redrefttiritiit, sm. rcfo'ivdng 
Rtdres-scr, va. to rectify; * make 

straight again; * set up again; 

redress; do justice 
Sc—,*grow straight again; 

to * be trinimtd 
Redrc^teur, s7n. ridrcsser ; a 

sk arpcr, sp i vg cr 
Rt dief s* use, sf. subtle courtesan 
Reduciible, 2. a. reducible 
Rfeductif, ve. a. reductive 
Rtduciion, sf. — tiw, reducing 
Reduiie, V7i. to rtdiue, subdue ; 

conipil ; rifurni ; digest ; con- 
Se leduire, rr. to amount ; be 

reduced; mend; * cowe; va- 
Beduit, sm. a little habitation ; 

ly-pluce; nook; intrenchment 
F«!'(lui)licatit, ve. a. —tive 
Reduplication, sf. — tion 
Kcedificatioii, re-edifying 
Rt^difiei, va- to re-edijy ; * re- 

Rtcl, Ic. ft. real, true, current 
Rteieclion. sf. re-eliction 
Rtelltnitiit, ad. really, indeed 
Ktei, va. to billow 
Rcl'ncoiirur, to form again 
Relaitioii, sf. uLativient 
Befaire, vn. to * do again; 

iitind; * ueal again 
Ee lefaire, vr. to recover; to 

Wind, sm. a drawn game 
Rtfcctioii, sf. II post, repair 
RoletToiiP, .-m.rifictoiy 
Reiciid, Diiir dc ieiei:d, parli 

rcf«i;tiie, va. to * cleave ugain 
Biii^.iii,fni. ripcrt [eery 

Relt'itudaflc , - — da7-y in chun- 

R6feicr, va. to refer, ri] crt 
Se leierer, vr. to * be 7 ij erred; 

Rel', v. to * slut agaii, ; 

close vp again, to In al 
Eelener, va. to i.ew shoe a horse 
Reflechir, to * thivk en, njicct 
Reflechissant, e. a. rejiexive 
Refiechisgement, sm. rejleetion 
Reflet, refexion of the tight 
Rtfleter, va. to rejlect the light 
Reftcuifct, sm. second sort of 

Spanish wool 
Rttlturir, vn. to blossom, or 

Jiourish again 
Reflexe, 2. a. reflected 
Rtflexibiiite, sf. —lity 
Reflex! ble, 2. a. —lie 
Reflection, sf. refection, luedi- 

Rffcur, vn. to * rrfcw 
Reflux, sTn7 db, njlux 
Rticiv.dci, va. to tifund 
Relci'die, neic-cast; v.ilt again; 

Rel(ji;te, sf. melting down again, 2. a. that may be 

Reloiinaicur, sm. refurmer 
Reloiniaiioii, .'■/. — tion; reform. 
Relbime, rrfoimation ; riducc- 

ment of troops 
Eelotm«^s, sm. pi. Protestants 
Refoini6, e. 5. a puritan 
Refoinier, va. torefvim, cashier 
heluulcr, to full, * stan.p again; 
ebb; * go against liae ; to 
ram ; to work a hut again 
Relouloir, sm. cannon-ranmier 
Refouibir, va. to new-furbish 
R^fiactaire, 2. a. refract 01 y 
Rd'fi action, .'./. — lion 
Refrain, sw.a burden {of a song) 
Relraiigibilitt, sj. —lity 
Refiangible, 2. a. — giblc 
RefiCner, to. tu njriiiv. to curb 
V.tUS^<t\a\\l, e. a. cool.jg 
P.efiifitiaiit, svi. a cooler 
Refii{;eialif, ve. a. *• —tive 
Rtfiigcratioi), .'/. a cooling 
Fc-fiingtnt, e. a. rrfractive 
Rein finenieiil, sm. a svllenness 

of look 
£e It t'locner, vr to * knit one's 
brews; to * look grim 

Refit idir, v. to eocl; refresh; 

luuLe ccld; * grow cool 
ce— , vr. to* become cool; to 

slacken; to relent 
RfcfioidisseiLcnt, sin. cooling; 

Rfcluge, refuge; cxcuF:e 
Relugie, e. s. a refugee 
t;e lefugier, vr. to * fly for re- 

Relus, sm. refusal, denial., re- 

Refuser, va. to refuse, deny 
He refuser quelque chose, to de- 
ny one''s self something 
Refusion, sf. refunding 
Rtfulalioii, — tion, confutation 
Refuler, vu. to refute, confute 
Regagiier, va. to * win back; 


Rt^aillardir, to enliven again 
Regain, sm. aftergrass or math 
Regal, a treat; a feast 
Rtgale, sf. regale; right 
Regaltnient, sm. assessment; le- 
Rtgakr, va. to treat; assess; 

Rt{.aliste, sm. incumbent of a 

Rtgaid, a look, view 
Rcgaidant, looker on, spectator 

, a. regardat.t (in heraldry) 

Rtgaider, va. to * look at, or on; 
* behold ; face ; front ; const' 
dir; eoticirn 
Rtgatti-, 6/. y/. rQces of gondo- 
las, at Venice 
Regtijtr, va. to comb fax 
Regayoir, 6m. a flax-comb 
Rtgayure, .'/. nfvse of flax 
Regi i.ce, rigeney; schoolmaster- 

sh ip 
lic^ui eiation, regeneration 
RcfeiitK r, va. to regenerate 
5^f 1 1 gt iitner, vr. to *gruw again 
R( j.(M, e. a. s. regent; protec- 
tor; .••ihoeln.aster 
Lt<;tniti, vr. to * keep bckool; 

to elominier 
Rigeiniei, to bud again 
Regicide, sm. —dc; king-kiilcTj 

nurdir of a king 
Fegie, sf. adnivistrotion 
iRtgin.btii.tiit, .-»/. kicking 





Regimbcr, V7i. to * lack; to dis- 
Regime, sm. ditt; regimen ; ad- 

ministration; government 
R6giriieiit, sm. a regiment; a 

great nmnber 
R6ginglette, sf. a bird-trap 
Region, a region 
R6gionnaire, a. m. rcgionary 
Regir, va. to govern; to rule 
R6gisseur, sm. a manager 
Registraire, a register-keeper 
R6gistrata, enrcgistired deeds 
R6gislratour, sm. a recorder 
Kejistre, rcgJtre, register, record 
Ee^istrer, rfgitrrr, v. to register 
Regie, sf. rule; ridtr ; pattern 

model; a sum 
R6gle, 6. a. set; regular, order- 
ly, exact 
R6gienient, sm. regulation 
R6gl6ment, ad. regularly 
R6gler, va. to rule; regulate; 

order; assign 
Reglet, sm. a reglet; ruler 
R6gleur, se. s. ruler of books 
R^glisse, sf. liquorice 
R6gloir, 577!. a ruler 
R6glure, sf. ruling; lines 
R6gnant, e. a. reigning, predo- 
minant; chief 
Regne, sm. reign, kingdom, the 

pope's triple crotcn 
R6giier, va. to reign; rule; reach 

along; * be in vogue 
R6gnicole, ^. a denizen 
Regonflement, .«77!. the swelling 
of the waters by some obstruc- 
Reconfler, vn. to * swell (of tea- 

Regorgcnient, sm. overflowing 
Regorger, vn. to * overflow; 

Regouler, va. to snnb ; to * giv: 

a crabbed answer 
Rpgouiiner, to * cuff again 
Rpgoiiter. to tfl.«fc ngatn 
Regrai, sm. regrating, huckster- 
Rpgrattrr. va. to^.'cratch ngain; 
scrape the out fide of a house ; 
nnc-vamp; huckster 
Regratterir, sf. huckstrr's trade 
Regrattier, e. #. o. huck.9tcr 

Rcgrcffor, va. to mic-grafl 

Regies, sm. a regress 

Regret, rrgrct; concern; gJ-udg- 

Regrets, .'m. pi. complaints, 

woes, lamentations 
Kf-gienahle, 'J. a. to be lamented 
Regieticr, va. to rignt ; to 

Regiilariser, va. to arrange, dis- 
R6gulaiit6, sf. regularity 
R^gule, *?7/. regultts 
R^gulier, e. a. regular, punctual 
Regulier, S7n. regular monk 
RegalieicmciU, ad. regularly, 

Rehabilitation, .•>/. ^tlon ; re- 
Rehabiliter, va. to reinstate 
Se i6habitucr, ^•r. to use one's 

self again 
Rehaclier, va. to mince again or 

Rehaiissenient, sm. raising 
Reliausscr, va. to raise; aihai'ce 
KeJiauts, sm. pi. sl.y parts in 

ReJieurter, va. to * knock or 

hit again 
Rejaillir, vn. to spirt up ; to 

Rejaillisseniont, sm. resilier 
Rejet, sucker; new assessment of 

a tax; refusal 
Rejeton, sucker; sprig 
Rejeitable, '2. a. tliat deserves to 

be rejected 
Rejetier, va. to * throw back ; to 

* cast up, reject,sworm;*shoot 

again; to * lay 
Rd impression, sf. reprinting 
R6iniiirimrr, va to tipiint 
Rein, 577*. t/ie reins, kidnni 
Reins, 77/. the loins; the Luck 
Reine, sf. a queen 
Reinc, sort of fnc tulip ; sort 

of ancient coin 
Reine-cJaudc, ^reaigngc 
Rfiin'tte, rennet, pippn, 
Reinstailer, va. to rrii:stall 
R»'int«^, c. a. .<:ti-ovg-hatkid 
R^intil-giantie, sf. u replevy 
Rcii'iegrer, va. to rctore one 1o\ 
his own; i7;-prison agdin \ 

Rtjoii.die, to * piU Ugither 
cfiuin; to * mat ugain; rejoin^ 
* overtake 
Se — , vr. to * be joined together 
agoiv; to^* lOi.e together 
Rcjimir, va. to rejoice; revive, 
Rt j( ui^taiue, sf. rejoicing 
Rei;eiaiioK, sf. — ticn 
Ifeiieier/Va- to npeat 
ixtilie, sm. rciitre (German 

I ii!i \i(iix reitre, an old fox 

a ihiirp ftllow 
Reiatiie, s7ii. relaxation 
Relache, sf. road, harbour, bay 
Re!acl;6, e. a. loose, remiss 
Relachenient, sm. slackening; 
relaxation ; abatement ; con- 
Keiaclier, va. to slacken; re- 
lease; remit; * put into 
Se — ,vr. to* glow remiss; * 

forego; * vnbn.d one's mind 
R( iais, sm. fresh horses; relay 

for hou7 ds; hiivre 
Reiaiicn, va. to rouse; to * give 
ine a liuwU-vd for his Oliver 
Relapp, e. a. s. a relapse 
Rulargir, va. to * make wider 
Relater, to new-lath 
Reiatif, ve. a. relative 

, sm a relative 

Rilati( n, sf. —tion, narrative 
RelaiivmRnl. ad. —vely 
Relaxatil, ve. a. laxative 
Relaxatitm, sf. —tion 
Rela.\er, ra. to nliase 
Re.'aytr, to relieve; * take fresh 

h V rses 
Sf — , tr. to rest one's self; to 

relieve one vnthtr 
R< :«'f:a!iun, sf. lanishment 
IU;tt,ii« r, vu. 10 la7iiih. exile 
R( Init. .sn\ a uhstii.'-iRill 
R(l. \ui!lts, sf pi. the churching 

of a iconitu: 
R( Uve, e a. raistd • nolle; 

, .5 7/- rtiis7vg CLgoiv: extract 

of a rirkiitii g; j,h.fting of a 
horse's i:hi.e 
R< i\(e, .«/. th> u fill noon 
RlVvi I! < 1,1, SB<, raising vp 





Vlclever, va. to raise again; 

* set off; extul; relievo; lift 
up; turn up; * tuck up; ease; 
qaicken; raise 

Se relovcr, vr. to recover a loss; 

* get up again; appeal 
Heliage, sm. new hooping 
Relief, relieno; relief; oraamcnt; 

fine; offalj 
Relior, va. to * bind; tie again; 

to new-hoop 
Reiieur, sm. a bookbinder 
Reiigieusement, ad. godly 
Religioux, se. a. religious; pious 
Religiftux, se. a religious monk., 

or nun 
Roiigion, sf. religion; piety 
IJoIigioiinairn, s. a dissenter 
Rcliquaiie, sm. shrine for relics 
Relitjuat, sm. remaiutler of an 

account., a remnant 
Rcliqiiataire, one that is behind- 
hand in his accounts 
Roliijiio, sf. a relic 
Ilc'liques, pi. relics; remainders 
Reilic, va. to * read over again 
!{eliiiic, sf. binding 
Relouer, va. to * kt again; 

under * let 
Reluire, vn. to * shine^ glitter 
Reluisant, e. a. shining 
Rc\n(\w:r,va. to ca-H sheep's eyes, 

or leer upon 
Relnstrer, va. to * give a second 


fieiriA-clier, to chew again 
Reiuacoiiner, to repair 
Roiiiamlcr, to * itcnd word again 
Roinainer, to handle again; to 

* do over again 
Sn reiiiarinr, vr. to marry again 
Reinarquable, 2 a. remarkable 
Remariiiie, sf. remark, note 
R(>«iarquer, va. to * make an- 
other mark; iibserae 
Reiuii.-qucur, sm. an observator 

{in contempt) 
Se reinasqticr, vr. to * put on 

one's mask again 
Retulialler, va. to * pack up 

Rcuiliarqiietncnt, sm. re-embark 

Rombarq'ier, va- * to re embark: 

tc eng ige again 

Rembarrer, to baffle with keen 

words; repulse 
Reniblai, s/«. the working for a 

bank; a causeway 
Remblaver, va. to * sow again 

with corn 
Reniboitement, sm. setting into 

joint again 
Remboiter, va. to* set into joint 

Rembourrement, sm. stuffing 

Renibourrer, va. to * stuff' 
Rembourseuient, sm. reimburse- 
Rciiibourser, va. to reimburse 
Renibrocher, to * spit again 
Reuibninir, to * make dearer 
Renil)rimissemeiit, sm.. the being 

Rembuchement, driving back 

into the lair 
So rembuclier, vr. to * go back 

into the lair, to * skulk 
Remede, sm. remedy; medicine, 

Rein6dier, vn. to remedy 
Remeler, va. to mix again 
Remembrance, sf. — brance 
Rem6moratif, ve. a. remem- 
Rcni6morer, va. to * put in 

Rernener, carry or bring bark 
Remercier, to thank, ^dismiss, 

divest of 
RemercimeiU, sm. thanks 
Reni6r6, power of reilcmptimi 
R6iii6rer, va. to redeem {in law) 
Reuiettre, va. to * put or * set 
again; delay; * forgive; re- 
st orr; recovr; resign; commit; 
remit; * send 
Se remettre, vr. to recollect; re- 
fer; * be reconciled; rccov.'.r 
Reineubler, va. lo nrw-furaisk 
Reminiscence, sf. virnuny 
Remise, a coac.'i-; ikidcct; 

d'^lay; miiit'-i'irc 
RemisiT, va. to b ick a cnriin're 

' Remolade, sf. a kind of sham 

R6mnle, whirlpoo' 
Remollient, e. a. emollient 
Remoilitif, ve. a. emollient 
Remonte, sf. a set of new horses 
Refnoiiler, va. to * go tip again; 

* make up again; * wind up 
again; * run back; remount; 

* set up again; lift up; trace 

Remontrance, sf. remonstrance; 

Remoiitrcr, va. to remonstrate; 

show again; * tench again; 

advise, rrprfftent 
Reiiioriiic, to * bite again 
Reinora, sm. obstacle, delay 
Remords, remorse 
Remore, sf. a sea-lamprey 
Remorque, towing of a ship 
Remorqucr, va. to tow a ship 
Remotis a remotis, aside 
Remoudre, va. to * grind again 
Remouillcr, to wet or * dip 

again; anchor again 
Remouleiir, sm. a grinder 
Remous, dead water 
Rempailter, va. to stuff, mend 
Rempaquemeiit, sm. barrelling 

of herrings 
Rempaqueter, va. to pack up 

Rempardiere, sf. a prostitute 

Remparenieiit, .<>m. a fence 
Se reiiiparer, vr. to intrench one's 

IJempart, sm. a rampart; fence 
Remplacement, replacing; corn- 
pen snt ion 
Remplacer, va. to replace; * 

make amends 
Remplafre, s:n. a filing up 
Ren \l)]i, folding in, taking in 
Re mplier, va. to * take in; turn 

Rempiir, to fll up; fll again; 

Remplist-aw, sm. lace-mending; 

a tilling up 

Rfiiiissible, * a. remis-ile 

Renii~si(in, sf r m.'->6ioii ' Rc!iipli>;-;<;uM', sf. lace-mender 

Rcmis.-iomiaire, x.//. lii.e /lt-/?/ ' Rftnp'oi, sm. m placing of m<f 

w':o has a pn-.l(i>i j n-y, o'l.pcn.-int.ion 

Rvnx'wr, o:. to iir y '/uck \ Rjiiiployer, lui to use again 





Uempluraer, to new-feather 

Se — , to * put on new feathers; 

to * begin to thrive 
Rempoclier, to pocket up again 
Rempoissonnement, sm. the new- 
stocking of a pond with fish 
Rempoissonner, va. to new-stock 

icith fish 
Remporter, va. to carry back; 

obtain; *get 
Remuage, sm. a moving 
Remuant, e. a. stirring; un- 
quiet; uneasy 
Remue-menage, sm. removing; 

commotions; noise 
Remuement, removing; disturb- 
ance; stir; motion 
Remuer, va. to move, stir 
f:e remuer, vr. to move; stir, 

remove, bestir one's self 
Remueuse, sf. a woman wico 

rocks a child 
Remugle. sm. mustiness 
Remunfeiaieur, rewarder 
Remuneration, sf. reward 
Remunerer, va. to reward 
Renaissance, sf. new birth; re- 
generation, revival 
Renailre, vn. to revive; * spring 
up again; * be born again; 
rise again 
Renal, e. a. renal; of the loin 
Reuard, sm. a fox, a cunning 

Renarde, sf. a she-fox 
Renardeau, stn. a fox's cub 
Renardier, a fox-catcher 
Renardii're, sf. a fox's bury 
Renasquer, vji. to snuffi^ 
Rcncliainer, va. to chain up 

Reucherir, v. to make dearer; 
* grow dearer, excel [price 
R6ncherissement, sm. rising in 
Renchier, large rein-deer 
Reiicogner, va. to press close 
Rencontre, sf. accidental meet- 
ing ; accident ; rencounter; 
pun; occasion 
Rencontrer, va. to * meet; hit; 

pun; * find; * fall in with 
Se — , vr. to meet together; to 

agree; to tally 
Rencorser, va. to * make a new 
bodice, or stai/s 

Se rendetter, * run in debt again 
Rendez-voiis, sm. assignation; 

the place of meeting 
Rendonnee, sf. the windings of 

a hunted animal; tedious talk 
Rendormir, va. to lull to sleep 

Se — , vr. to * fall asleep again 
Rendoubler, va. to turn in; fold 

Rendre, to render; restore; pro- 
duce; void; surrender; express; 

Se rendre, vr. to surrender; 

yield; repair; resort; * run; 

* be spent; to * had to; to 

* fall into 

Reiiduire, va. to new-plaster; 

daub over again 
Rendurcir, to harden ag-ain 
Rene, sf. the rein of a bridle i 
Renfegai, sm. a renegado 
Eenotte, sf. apple-pippin 
Renette, farrier's paring knife 
Reiifaiter, va. to mw-roof a 

Reiiferm6, sm. musty 
Renfernier, va. to * shut up 

again; enclose; include 
Se — , vr. to recullsct one's self 
Rentiler, va. to thread again 
Renflammer, to new-kindle; in- 
flame again 
Reiiflement, sm. swelling of a 

Reiiilor, va. to * sioell again 
Penfoncement, sm. hollow place 
Renfoncer, vr. to new-head or 

bottom a cask; * sink again 
Renforcement, sm. strengthen- 
Renforc6, e. a. thick, strong 
Renforccr, va. to reinforce; 

strengthen; fortify, raise 
Se — , vr. to gather strength 
Renfort, sm. supply, recruit, re- 

Reiigagement, sm. re-engage- 
Rengager, va. to pawn again, 

re-engage one's silf 
Rengainer, to shealh, * put up 
Se rengorger, vr. to bridle it 
Se rengouHVer, to be ingulfed 
1 again 

Rengregement, sm. increase %' 

a disease 
Rengreger, va. to increase one'f 

disease or sorrow 
Rengrener, to * put again ayrn. 

in the mill-hopper 
Renliardir, to spirit up again 
Reniable, 2. a. that may he dO' 

Reniement, sm. cursing ani 

Renier, ru. to deny; abjure; • 

curse and * swear 
Reuieur, se. s. profane swearer 
Renifler, va. to * snuffle 
Reniflerie, sf. snuffling up 
Renifleur, se. s. one who snuffle* 

Reniveler, va. to level a piece oj 

ground again 
Reime, sf. a rein-deer 
Keiioircir, va. to blacken again 
Reiioni. sm. renown, fame 
Renomme, e. a. rejiowned; fa 

mou.-s; noted 
Renonnnee, sf.fame, report 
Renonimer, va. to * give rcpuU 
Renouce, sf. renounce; trump 
Kenoncemeut, sm. raiouncing 
Renouceraent a soi-meme, self 

Reiioncer, f. to renounce; for 

sake, revoke 
Renonciaiion, sf. renunciation 
Renoncule, ranunculus 
Renovation, renovation 
Renouet, blood-wort 
Renouement, sm. reconciliation 
Renouer, vn. to tie again; re 

new, reconcile, resume 
Renouenr, sm. a bone-setter 
Renouvcau, the spring 
Renouvellement, renewing; re- 
Renouvcller, va. to renew »■« 

Se — , vr. to * be renewed 
Renseignenient, sm. a token 
Rensemenccr, va. to new * sow 
Rentamer, to * cut again 
Rente, sf. rent; yearly income 
Renter, va. to endoio 
Rentier, e. s. annuiiant; tenant 
Rentoiioi, va. to '-^ put oikerlixieu 






Rentonner, to turn up again 
Reiitortiller, to new-twist 
Rentraire, to fine-draio 
Reiitraiture, sf. fine-drawing; 

Rentrayeur, se. s. 
Rentree, sf. beginning of term; 

opening of the sessions; taking 

in at cards 
Rentrer, vn. to * co7ne, * go, or 

* get in again 

Ren verse, a la renverse, back- 

Renversement, sm. overturning, 
ruin; pulling down 

Renveiser, va. to * throw down, 

* overthrow; ruin; overturn 
Renverseur, sm. overthrower 
Renvi, an increase 

Reuvier, vn. to increase; im- 
prove upon; surpass; * outdo 

Renvoi, sm. sending back; re- 

Renvoyer, va. to * send again; 
*send back, dismiss, * put ojf, 
return, deny, refer 

Repaire, sm. haunt or deii of 
wild beasts; shelter of thieves; 
hare's dung 

Repairer, va. to haunt, as wild 

Repaissir, to thicken again 

Repaitre, to * feed, bait 

Se — , vr. to * feed upon; de- 
light in 

Repaitrir, va. to knead again 

Repandre, to *■ spill, * shed, 
scatter; * spread; leak; * 

Se — , vr. to *be spilled, or *shed; 
to * be lavish of 

Reparable, 2. a. reparable 

R6parateur, sm. repairer; re- 

R6paration, sf. repair; repara 

R6parer, va. to repair, retrieve; 

* make amends; recover 
Reparoitre, to appear again 
Repartie, sf. repartee; reply 
Kepartir, v. to * set out again; 

* go back aijain, reply 
R6partir, to distribute, a.9sess 
Repartition, .<./. assessmmt 
Repas, sm, a repast; mval 

Repasser, vto repass, carry over 

again, whet again; to iron, 

call over, revise., polish 
Repaver, va. to new-pace 
Repayer, to * pay a second lime 
Repecher, tojish up again 
Repeigner, to comb again 
Repeindre, to * draw or paint 

Repenser, to * think of again 
Repentance, sf. repentance 
Repentant, e. a. repentant 
Se repentir, vr. to repent 
Repentir, sm. repentance 
R6pcrcussif, vo. a. —cassive 
Repercussion, sf. — sion 
R6percuter, va. to rcpercute; to 

reflect; * drive back 
Reperdre, to lose again 
Rep^re sm. a mark, a sign 
R6pertoire, — tory 
Repeser, va. to weigh again 
R6p6tailler, va. to repeat over 

and over, tire 
R6peter, to repeat; to * do again, 

to * teach in private 
R6p6titeur, sm. private teacher 
R6 petition, sf. —tion, tautology, 

rehearsal, recovery 
Repeuplement, sm. supplement, 

Repeupler, va. to repeople; re- 
plant, stock 
Repic, sm. repcck {at picket) 
Repiler, vn. to pound again in 

a mortar 
Replquer, to * prick again 
Repit, sm. respite; delay 
Repiacer, va. to place or -' lay 

Replaider, to * go to law again 
Replancheyor, to new-floor 
Replanter, to transpla-it 
Rephitrer, to new plaster 
Replet, te. a. replete, too fat 
Rep!6tion, sf. — tion, surfeit 
Repli, sm.afold, winding recess 

Replier, va. to fold again; turn 

Se replier, vr. to * fall back, 

wriggle (as a snalce) 
Rei)lique, sf. reply, replication 
Repliqiier, va. lo reply, answer 
Re|)lissor, to plait again 

Replonger, to * dip or divc^ 

again; to involve again 
Repolir, to polish again 
Rf:ponce, sf. rampions, an herb 
Repondaiit, sm. bail, surety, re 

Repoiidre, v. to answer, reply^ 
agree; * leap; bail; warrant, 
equal, solve 
Re pons, sm. response 
Keponse, sf. answer, reply 
Reporter, va- to carry back 
Repos, sm. rest, quiet, landing' 

place, pause 
Reposee, sf. lair of deer 
R.epaser, v. lo rest, slumber,*lie, 

"^lie by, * lie still 
Se reposer, vr. to take rest^ set- 
Reposoir, sm. resting-place,altar 

{among the Papists) 
RejMjuser, va. to marry again 
Repousscnient, sm. recoiling, re- 

pulsing, rep lling 
Repoiisser, va. to repel, repulse^ 

rtcoil, bud again 
Repoussoir, sm. driver, chisel 
Repreliensible, 2. a. — sible 
Reprehension, sf. —sion 
Re prendre, va. to * retake; r*- 
new; resume; * chide; * carp; 
profit; reply; * take up a 
Se reprendre, vr. to collect 07U*S 

self, to close again 
Reprcsailles, sf. reprisals 
— Par repre dailies,* through re- 
venge; tit for tat 
Representant, sm. a proxy 
Representalit', ve. a. — tive 
Representation, sf. —tion; ex- 
hibition; acting 
Represenier, va. to represent; 
produce; call to mind; act; 
act like one's self; personate 
Se — , vr. to fancy 
Repreter, vn. to * le7id again 
Repriniande, sf. reprimand 
Reuriiiiander, va. to reprove 
Reprinier, to repress, curb 
Reprise, sf. retaking; renewing^ 
burden of a song; time; re- 
turn; a ship retaken; a gama 
{at cards) 
Ucprisi.r, va. to ncjc-aj^praiiie 





R(ij)io{)iilioii, sf. —lion Requisition, sf.rcqi'Oit^j'ctition 

Reprocliabif, 2. a. rtj/roachful; i Ut;(juitiit(iire, mn. 6u,t; rt/uct 

ezcfjiUoHuble Kcsciiidant, dcmund to obLain i 

Reproclie, v^;. reproach; i//>- recision 

braiding; excfptioii i Resciiider, va. to rescind; * inah 

T\.e\noc\n.ii,pl.exceptions,chargcs '"' ' 

'.gainst a witness 

Reitrochei", va to reproach, ex- 
cept against, to i:riulge 

Roproductjoii; sf. — tioii 

lleproduire, va. to rcprodnct 

lleprouve, sm. a reprobate 

ReprouvtT, va. to riject; disal- 
low; reprobate 

Rej)tiie, 2. a. sm. reptile; crap- 
ing; cringing 

Re()ul)licaiii, e. a. s. repul/Ucnn; 
a whig 

Rcpublicaiiisiue, sm. .•'pirit of a 

Rcpubli(iiie, sf. republic, com- 

Repudiaiioi), — t.ion, divorcing 

Rcpudier, va. to repudiate; *put 

Repdc, sf. meal, repast 

Kipii;;ii:i!ici3, — cy, nluctancy 

lt<(iuirna!il, e. a. repugnant 

R(.-l)iiL'i!L'r, vn. to * clash with, 
*go against 

Repui.iilir, to * grow or bud K6biiiriit, 
again exceed in jily 

Repulsioii, sf. —.<iun 

Rcpurgf-r, vu. to purge again. 

Reputation, sf. — tion; churac- 
tcr; rtputf ; fant! ; name 

Ilescision, sf. —sion, abrogation 
Rescitoire, 2. a. sm. —svry 
Re^ciifilioii, sf assignment 
Rcscril, sm. rescript, edict 
Rescau, bag-mt; net-work 
Reseda, mignonclt:, swret balm 
Reseiiielier, nncsole 
Rest luer, to * sow a>^a.n 
Reservation, sf. rcstrvation 
Reserve, reserve; proviso. A la 

reserve, except — En resiive, 

in store.— ^ans reserve, abiu- 

Ri's^crve, e. a. s. reserved; close; 

shy; modest 
Reseiver, iti. to reserve; save; 

Se — . * keep one's self, to * slay 
Reservoir, sm. rcsi; fish- 
^ povl 

Rescuil, a sort of nit 
Residant, e. a re. -iding, living 

s/iip; sediment 

Resolutif. sm. a. —live, or dis- 
solving medicine 

[le^ohniou, sf. —tion; resolve; 
stoutness: cancelling 

Rp:-oiinaiil, e. a: sounding, echo- 

ReMinnement, sm. resounding 

Resoinier.rn. to sound; resound; 


air ail 

ResitJer, va. to reside; "■' abide 
Residu, siu. residue 
R^signaiil, e. s. a resign er 
Resijinaiaire, resignee 
R('#i;.'iiation,*/. —lion, diini-'^e 
Repuier, va. to rejnite; areoant j R6.^ij;nfr, va. to resisjn, yield up 

•sill nit 

Rei)Ui:ral)ie, •!. a. ilcinaud.ible 
Reqiieratif. e. a plaii.tijf 
— , e. rrt/uiriiig; de.nonding 
Requ6rir,7j(7 to r- quest; n i/uire; 

* fitch again, 
RoqiK'te, .if. request, petition 
Requetei, va. to qa st again, in 

Yl(:(\\i\i in, sm.riqnicm,rest,qnict 
lieqiiin, a shark 
Re(|uiller. vn. lo * throw again 

who is together at ninr-pins 
So requi?H|Ui'r, vr. to * trick 

one's SI tf up 

Se — ,vr. to 
Resiliaiion, sf. cancilling; an- 
Resllier, va. to suptrsci'c; can- 
Rusine, sf. rosin, or r. sin 
Kc.-iiieux, s-e. a. resini:u.-' 
Resipi.<c«:nce, .tf. rcsipsrivce 
Resrstance, — c* , I'ppusilion 
Resisler, vn. to ncisi; o/i/ ase 
R(;:Jf)!u. e. a s. resolved, resolute, 

hold, stout 
Re.-,nl\anl, e. a. resolvent 
iResohilile, 2. a solrailc 

Reqiiini, sm. fifth part «/ /Ac j RtrrOliiMienI, ad. absolutely; 

fifth penny, a tax I boldly, stoutly 

l{6(|uipor, ra. to new-rig | R6s«luiif, ve. a. — tire, dissolv 

Requis, e. a requisite i irg 

Resondrc, va. to resolve; solve; 
induce; cancel; vult; reduce; 
?e lesoudro, vr. to * be resolved; 

to viclt; * be turned into 
Ref-ous, a vi. resolved 
Kitpccl, S7n. respect, regard 
lU.-p.ctable, 2. a. respectable 
J't >j,!:c;tr, ra. torr.spcct 
sJe re sjecter, va. to act suitable 

to one's station 
Rui-pectif. \c. a. rrsptctive 
Rf<p('cti\( lueiit, ad. —vely 
Res; i( tu('iis( UKul, respectfully 
Ke^J)l(lueu.v,^e. a. respectful 
Re^jiiiabii', 2. a. that may be 

br lathed 
R< spiiatitiii, sf. —tion, bnath 
Res|.jrer, v. to bnatlic, gape af- 
Rcspk'iidir, v. to * thine, glitter 
Rcsp!cndi?,-aiit, e. a. rcsplm- 

R(>[ileii(!ist-t in(;nl, sm. gnat re- 

Ret:i;0!ifrab!(', 2. a- responsible 
RCi^sac, sm. the breaking of a 

wav vpon the .-here 
R( *.-;ji!-:<rr, vu. lo sfl again; ex- 
amine can fully 
Ih'fgaul. sm. jnt:y /•rolection 
Rrssai;t!r, vn to * liap again 
R< 6-( u.hlance, */. risai;:blan£e, 

h' UHiliiii y, til. encss 
nes.-euibla;it, c. a like 
Resprnibler, on. to resemble 
Rcsseuieler, ra. to ' put neto 

Rj'ssenthiient, sm. a slight touch 
of; sensi; rescntvicnt; grati- 
Rcssentir, va to * feel, resent 
Be — , vr. to * feel, resent 
Repserniiieut, sm. obstructior,, 

Ros.-crier, ra. to 

bind up; 


lighter; contract; * lay up 
again; * coop; * bind 
llessorl, sm. spriiig,ward, cogni- 

lancty resort, cause 
Ressorlir, vn. to * be under the 

jurisdiction of a court 
liessorlissant, e. a. lying under 

a jurisdiction 
llcssorlir, vn. to * go out again; 
— ressortunt, going out again 
Re-souder, va. to new-solder 
Ressource, sf. resource, shift, re- 
Resouvenance, remembrance 
Be ressouvenif, vr. to remember 
Ressouvenir, sm. remembrance, 

Rcssui, sf. lair of deer 
Uessusciter, v. to raise, * rise 

from the dead, revive 
Ressuyer, va. to icipe again 
Restaiit, e. a. s. remainder; left 
Reslaupagc, sm. darn 
Restauper, va. to darn 
Restaurant, sm. restorative 
Restaurateur, rice. s. restorer 
Reslauration, 5/. restoration 
Kestaurer, va. to restore 
Reste, sm. remainder, remnant, 

^estC; sm. change {of money) 
Rester, vn. to remain, * stay 
Rnstituabie, 2. a. rcstorahlc 
Restituer, va. to return, refund, 

restore; repair 
Restituleur, sm. restorer of lame 

passages in authors 
Reslitulioi), sf. — tion 
Ilestreindre, va. to * bind, re- 
strain, confine, to curb 
fje — , vr. to use a restriction 
R«strictif, ve. a. — tive 
Restriction, .«/. — tion, limita- 
tion; res'rvation 
Restriiii^enl, e. a. binding 
Rcstriiigetit, sm. a restiingent 
Resuliant, e. a. resulting 
RC'suItal, sm. result, up.ih^it 
Resiiilrr, n. to result, follow 
R^suiiif, sm. summary 
Restimer. va. to resume, sum vp 
liesi\niptii)n, .sf. summinis up 
R^-siire, bait to caich fish 
Ri-SMrn-ciiou, sf. —lion 
Ri;tah:e, sin. all j^r piece 


Retablir, va. to restore, retrieve, 

repair, recover 

ment, repairing 
Relaiiles, sf. pi. shreds 
Retainer, vn. to * cxU again 
Reiaper, to * cock up a hat 
Retard, sni. stay, delay 
Retardatifiri, sf. delay 
Retardenient, sm. delay 
Retarder, va. to delay, * come 

later, to * stop, to hinder,* go 

too slow, as a watch 
Retaxer, to reassess 
Reteiiidre, to die again 
Retendre, to * stretch again, to 

extend again 
Reteiiir, to retain, hinder, * get 

hold again, * bespeak, carry, 

* stick at, to * hold, refrain, 

* stop, hire 

Reienir, 2, 3, to carry 2, 3, in 

doing a sum 
Se reieiiir, vr. to * forbear, * stop 
Retenter, va. to try, or attcinpt 
Retentif, ve. a. —tive [again 
R6tention, sf. — tion, reservation 
Retenlir, vn. to resound, * ring 
Reteriti^sant, e. a. echoing, re 

sounding, ringing 
Retentis-seuient, sm. great sound 
Reientum, clause, proviso 
Retenu, e. a. reserved, discreet 
Reteuue, sf. reservedness, dis- 
Reticence, concealment 
Reticulaire, 2. a reticular 
Retif, ve. a. restive, stubborn 
Re tine, sf. retina of the eye 
Retlpore, sort of stony plant 
Retirade, intrcnchmeni 
Retire, e. a. retired, solitanj 
Retiienient, sm. contraction 
Relirer, va. to * draw again, 

* draw out, harbour, redf-.^m, 

* shoot again 

Se — , to retire, * go home, * go 

ut, * shrink, * leav- 
Rt'loiser, va. to measure over 

IJetoniljiU', >/. dfch'iuty, in nrrhi. 
Retnnihcr, vn. in * fill again 
Ketmidre, va. to sliear atuin 
llitordoiiiiii!,^//; ticistin;; again, 

in manufact. 



Retordeur, Iwistr 

Retoidre, va. to twist or * wring 

Reiorquer, to rttort 
Kelorg, e. a. tici.-ited; cunning 
Retorsion, retorting 
Reiorsoir, s/;i. cord-whccl 
Retorte, sf. retort, in chym. 
Retoucher, va. to touch again, 

revise again 
Retour, sm. return, arrival, to- 

pentance, vicissitude; decline, 

old age 
Rctourue, sf. trump 
ketourner, v. to return, twn 
S'cn — , vr. to * go back 
Retracer, va. to * draw again, 

describe [tation 

Retractation, sf. — tion, recavr 
Retracter, va. to retract 
Retraction, sf. — tion, inphy. 
Rctraire, va. to redeem an estate 
Rctrait, sm. privy, redeeming 
Rctraite, sf. n treat; tatoo; re 

tiremcnt; recluseness; refuge 
Retraiiclienient, sm. retrench- 
ment; intrenchment, refuge, a 

by-room, partition 
Retrantlier,ua. toretrcnch, * cut 

off, lessen, intrench, * take off, 

* forbid, suppress 

Se — , rr. to confine one's se{f, 

* pinch, fortify one's self 
Retraj ant, c. s. one who redeems 
Retrecir,t)a.t<j .-straiten; * shrink 
?e — , vr. to * grow narrow 
Retrial i.-senipnt, sm. contracting 
Retrcinte, .ff. raising of metal 
R(;treniper, va. to * soak again; 

to temper metal again 
Retressor, to mw-wiave 
Retrihiitioii, .-/. requital, fee 
RiHn actif, ve. a. —tive 
Relroceder, va. to * make over 

Retrocession, sf. making over 

RttrcLTadation, —tion 
Retro^radi', 2 a. retrograde 
— jnou'. « III' nt i(?iiograue, ro- 

treat, prudent Jhght 
Retroiitadi'i, I'u. to letrograde; 

to * fv 
Relioii?s<ii!rni, sm lucking up 

u^u n, cc: king up 



Rfltrousser, va. to * tuck, to * 

cock up 
lletriiussis, 5m. cock of a hat 
iiotrouver, vit. to * find again. 
Rets, 5 HI. a ust 
Ilevaioir, vn- to return like for 

like, to * be even willi 
B£vancher, vn. to * take one's 

Se revancher, vr. to retaliate, 
* be even with [fender 

Revanciieur, am. rcoenger, de- 
Kevasser, r/i. to have a great 
many dreams^ "^ be full of 
Reve, sm. a dream 
Reveclie, -2. a. harsh; froward 
Reveclie, 6-. backslider 
Revechc, 5/. kind of baize 
Reveil, sm. awaking, alarm 
Reveille-madn, alarm-clock 
Reveiller, va. to awakc^ recite 
Reveilleur, sm. a waker; bell- 
R6veillon, midnight revel [ing 
Revelation, sf. — Hon, discover- 
Reveler, va. to reveal 
Revenant, e. a. likely, taking 
Revenaul, sm- ghost 
Reveiiaiit-bon, perquisite; emo- 
Revendeur, huckster, retailer 
Revemleuse, sf. ends-woman 
Revendicatioii, claim 
Beveiuliquer, r i to claim 
RjVi'iidre, to * sell ag iin, * sell 

by rttail 
Revenir, vn. to * come or * grow 
asain: suit; return, appear, * 
risc,plea.^e, * forgive, amount 
Reveille, sf. S'lling again; se- 
cond hand 
Reveiiu, *//« revnue, income 
K<'ven'.ie, sf. young wood 
Rever, un. to * dream, rav, * be 

lijht hral'-d; mtise; think 
Rev»rb6raiion, x/. —tion 
Reverbere, ^'JI reverbere 
Reverb^rer, va. to rcjlect 
Reverdir, or. to * become green 

asrain: * break out agair„ 
— , to p lint green again 
Reverdissein>iiit,s;/i. the growing 
jprecn a^ain 


Reveremraent, ad. reverently 
Reverence, */. reverence; bow; 

Reverencieusement, ad. reve- 
Reverencieiix, se. a. reverential, 

full of curtsies 
Reverend, e. a. reverend 
Reverendissiinc:, sm- most, or 

right reverend 
Reverer, va. to rt^ere, reverence 
Rfeverie, .9/. reverie, musing, idle 

fancy, delirium 
Revernir, va. to glaze over again 
Reverqiuer, sm. a kind of back- 
Revers, biick of the hanl; re- 
verse of a coin, back stroke, 
Reverter, va. to ponr again 
Reversible, -2. a. reversible 
Reversion, sf. reversion 
Reversis, sm. a game at cards 
Revestiaire, a vestry 


Revolu, e. o. revolved, come 

Revolution, sf. revolution 
Revoinir, va. to vomit again 
Revoijuor, tj rpeal, question 
Reus=ir, to succeed, prosper 
lieusoite, sf, succrss., issue 
Revue, review; diligent search 
Revulsif, ve. a. pulling back (m 

Revulsion, sf. revulsion 
Rez pied, rez lerie, even with th» 

Rez de cliaussee, sm. ground 

Rezeau, vid. Roseau 
Rliabiilaae, sm. patching 
Rhabiller, va. to new-clothe, * 

dress again, * patch up 
Rheteur, Rlieloricien, sm. a rha 

torician, an orator 
Rheioriqiie, sf. rhetoric 
Rnin<x;eros, sm^hinoccroa 
Rlionibe. rho/ub, or rhumb 

Rev^temeiit, lining of a ditch, I Rhomboide, rhomboid 

bastion, <$•£. 
Rev6tir, va. to clothe, confer, 

line, invest 
Se — , vr. to * put 1/71 
Revetu, e. a. invisted; endowed; 

lined; adorntd 
I Rev&tissement, sm. investiture 
lR6veur, se. a. s. thmghtful 
Reveur, sm. dotard; {die talker 
Revirement, tacking about 
Revirer, va to * tack about 
Reviser, to revise, review 
Reviseur, sm. a reviser 
R6vision, sf. review, revisal 
Revivification, — Hon 
Revivifier, va. to revive 

Rhubarb'.', sf. rhubarb 
Rbaniaib.ine, sm. rheumatism 
Rlnuiie, rheum, cold 
Itliuine de cervoau, cold in th> 

Rliyilniie, rkythmus; haimony 
Riam, e. a. cheerful, pleasant 

pretty, SJiiiUng 
Ribler, vn. to ramble 
Riblelte, sf. a broiled steak 
Ribleur, .9m a r-imbler 
Ribot. churn-staff 
Ric-a-ric, ai. exactly; neitha 

more nor less 
Ricaneuient, sm. sneering 
Ricaner, vn. to titter, to sneer 

Revivre, TJrt. to * come to life] Ricaneur, se.s. gigglcr; sneerei 

again; to renno Richard, sm. a monied man 

Reunion, sf. reunion,rcconciling | Riche, '2. a. s. rich, wealthy; 
Reunir, va. to reunite, reconcile : opulent; copious; costly; loft} 
Rt^vocable, 2. a. revocable j Riche, s/n. a rich man 

Revocation, sf. repeal j Richement, ad. richly 

Revocatoire, '2. a. that revokes Richesse, sf. wealth, richness 
Revoir, va. to * see again,rerise\ Riches.«es, riches 

Revojin, sm. squall of wind 
Re volte, */. revolt 
Revolte, sm. rebel 
Revolter, va. to raise a rebelli.rn, 
to revolt 

Ricin, sm. pulma christi 
Ricochet, rebound; ducks and 

Ride, sf. wrinkle 
I Rideau, sm. a curtain 

3c revolter, vr, to revolt,to rebel'- Ridelle, sf. rack of a cart 





llder, va. to wrinkle 
Se — , vr. to frown; to * he 

Rider une corde, * stretch out a 

Ridicule, sm. —le, impertinence 
Ridicule, 2. a. ridiculous 
Ridiculement, ad. —lousbj 
Ridiculiser, va. to * laugh at 
Rica, ad. nothing, any thing 
Riens, sm. pi. nothing, trifits 
Ricur, se. 5. a laugher, jccrcr; 

Riflard, am. large plane 
Rifler, va. to rijie; * sweep away 
Rifloir, sm. a sort affile 
Rigide, 2. a. rigid, stiff, stern 
Rigidemenl, ad. rigidly 
Rieiilite, sf. rigidity, sternness 
Riwdon, sm. a rigadoon 
Rigole, sf trench, gutter 
Se rigoier, va. to * make tnerry 
Rigorisme, sm. stiffness 
Uigoriste, stiff moralist 
Kigoureusement, ad. sternly 
Rigoureux, se. a. rigorous, se- 
vere, hard, cru,.l 
Rlgueiir, sf. rigour; severity, 

A la rigueur, en rlgueur, se- 
verely; literally 
Rimaille, sf. paltry verse 
Rimailler, vn. to * make sorry 

liiiiiailleur, sm. a poetaster 
iliino, sin. rhyme 
Iliiii :;r, vn. to rhyme, jingle 
U linear, sm. rhymer 
ll'mcaaii, foilage 
Riucer, riiiser, va. to rinse 
Rincure, rinsure, s/. water used 

for rinsing 
Uiiigrave, pantaloon 
Iiiiistruire, 21a. tj * teach anew 
Iviole, e. .1. streaked 
Ivlotcr, vn to giggle, titter 
Ki|»aille(faire,) to bim:/uet 
lMl>c, sf. joiner's pi ine 
Kip'rT, va. to smooth 
RiiKipe, sm. sorry wine; foolish 

Riposte, sf. keen reply; parry 

and thrust 
riipnster, va. to reply sharply; 
parry and t'lrnst 

Rire, vn. to * laugh; to juke; 
to * be injest; smile 

Se rire, vr. to laugh at 

Riie, 5/71. laughter, laughing 

Ris, a laugh, smile; rice 

Risde veau, sweetbread 

Rishan, a flat ground with can- 
. nons to defend apart 

Risdale, sf. German dollar, tioo 
shillings and sixpence 

Risee, laughing, laughing-stock 

Risibilite, —lily 

Risible, 2. a. risible; comical, 
pleasant, ridiculous 

Risquable, 2. a. hazardous 

Risque, sm. risk, hazard 

Risquer, va. to risk, hazard 

Rihsole, sf. sort of minced pie 

Rissol6, e. a. iiwny, shrivelled 

Rissole, sm. crackling 

Rissoler, va. to roast, fry, or 
bake brown 

Rit, rile, 5m. a rile 

Rkournelle, sf. a flourish, a vo- 
luntary in music 

Riluel, sm. a ritual 

Rivage, a shore, bank; side 

Rival, e. a. rival; competitor 

Rivalite, sf. rivalry 

Rive, bank, water-ni'/e 

River, va- to rivet, clench 

Riverain, sm one that inhabits, 
near a river or wood 

Rivei, a rivet 

Riviere, sf. a river 

Rixc, combat, conflict; scvjjlc 

Riz, sm. rice 

Itiziere, sf. a rice-field 
j Rize, .s/. a bag of fifteen thou- 
sand ducats, in I'urkcy 
I Rob, sm. rob, inspissated juice 
I Robe, sf. asfown. sack, robe, law, 
j skin, hull, husk [ 'iub 

I Robin, sm. a limb of the lax; 

Itobiiiet, a cock, spout 

Roboraiif, ve. a. corro'jorant 
I Roburfte, 2. ft rohu.<t, lusty 
! Rdbur'teuiei't, ad. robustly 
I Roc, sm. a rock, tower 

Rocaitie, ■■^/. pebbles fur a grot- 
to, ror.k-wort 

Rocailleur, sm. a grol-makcr 

Rocambole, 5/ sort ofshal-t 

Roche, a rock. — .\iiiisde la vi- 
eille Tochu, old friends 

Rocher, sm. a rock 
Rochet, lawn sleeves 
Roder, va. to rove, ramble 
Rddeur, sm. rover, rambler 
Rodoinout, a bully, huff 
Rodomontade, sf. boasting 
Rogation, — tion, request 
Rogations, pi. — tion-week 
Rogaton, sm. waste pdpcr 

Rogne, sf. scurf, scab 
Rogner, va. to * clip, * shred^ 

pare, * cut 
Rogneiir, se. s. a clipper 
Rogiienx, se. a. scabby 
Rognon, sm. kidney, testicle 
Rognoaer, f7i. to growl 
Rognute, sf. parings, shreds, 

clippings, scrapings 
Rogue, 2. a. surly, proud 
Roi, sm. a king 
Roide, 2. a. stiff, steep, rapid., 

Roide, ad. swiftly 
Roidcnient, ad. stiflly 
Roidcar, sf. stiffness, steepness; 

Roidillon, sni a little hill 
I Roidir, stiffen, * stretchout 
i S-u roider, va. to stiffen, * bear 
I up against, to * be stiff 
! Rois, .<;«. pi. twelfth-day 
I Roitelet, sm. petty king, wren 
iRoiteleUe, .-/. ahen-wnn 
Role, sm. roll, scroll, list; part 

of a play 
I Roler, fa. tc * write rolls 
I Rolet, sm. little roll, list, <S-c. 
jl>oinain,e. a. s. Roman 
Remain, sm. ronian (printing 

Roniauie, sf. steelyard 
Roman, sm. a lomanct 
Romance, 5/. Spanish ballad 
Roinancier, sm. romancer 
Romanesque, 2. a. romantic 
Roman;;s(juement, ad. falsely 
Romaiii.sor, vn. to romance 
Romauisle, sm. mmanist ^ 
j Roniaiuitiijc, 2. a. romantic 
I Romarin, .sm. ro.-emary 
I Riimir.asrobis, a grave piece of 

form ality, grimalkin 
Rompcmenl de tCto, czces.tri^ 
1 noise 



Romiire, v. to * break, * break 
off; * kerp off; * break up, 
ilisband, train, destroy 
A tout 10111}. re, to the utmost 
Konce, sf. bnar 
Ronccroi, sni. a thorny place 
Rond. e. a. round, circular 
RoDfl, sm. rouvd, &i-b, river 
Roiidaclie, sf. lar<re shield 
Ronde, round, the rounds 
— a la ronde, round about 
Rondeau, sm. rondo; pasty-peel; 

Roiidflet, te. a. plumpish 
Roudelet, sm. Spani.^ii poein, 
Rojidelin, lusty and fat man 
Rondelle, sf. a target 
Rondeiiicnt, ad. roundly.^ frank- 
ly, even 
Roiideur, sf. rouvdnes.s 
Rondin, sm. billet; cudgel 
Roudiner, va. tocuilgcl 
Ronfiemeiit, s:n. snoring 
Roiiflcr, vn. to snore, ramble 
Rontleur, se. s. snoVir 
Roager, va. fognmo, * pick, nib- 
ble, * cat, bite, fret, * champ 
lloguelaure, sf. ruqaclaur, or 

Roqiier, va. to castle, at ckess 
Roquet, sm. a shock dug; short 

Requeue, .<^/. rocket, {a salad 

Roquillo, a gill 
Ri'tsagCiS-'/t. oa Rosagino, sf. rose 

Rosaire, sm. rosary 
Rosat, a. of roses 
Rosbif & rot dc bif, sm. roa.ft.- 
beef; straiig'.ly taken by the 
fVenrh to signify any roa^-ted 
meat;— thus t/i-'i/ say; rosljifd- 
riioulon, rosbif d'agiicau, &.c 
Rosj, .«/. a rose 
Itn?i^k| sm. a reed 
liosoo,"?/. dew; small and agrce- 
_ able rain 

Hft^ie, sf. garden of ro-^es 
Rosereau.>c, 5m. pi. Ihtssianfi'rs 
Rosette, .sf. artificial rose; red 
ink; molten copper; sort of 
Rosier, sm. a rose bush 
Rosse, sf. a jade; roach 


Rosscr, va. to * lick, belabour 
Rossignoi, sm. a nighlingale; 

— d'Arcadie, an ass 
Rossignoler, vn. to mimic the 

warbling of the nightingale 
Ros^iiiBiite, sm. a jade; sorry 

Roi?(ilis, rosolis, rosa solis 
Roslralo, u. rostrated, beaked 
Rot, sm. eructation 
Rut, roasted meat 

Ro:ation, sf. tion 

Rotf, rota, court of justice 

Roter, vji. to eructate 

Roti, S}.'i. roasted meet 

Rolie, s/. a toast 

Rotin, sm. Indian rend 

Rotir, va. to roast; toast; broil, 

* parch 
Rolisi-f rie, sf. a cook's shop 
Roli-sour, se. s. a public cook 
Rotis&oir, sm. Dutch ovin 
Rotoiide, sf. rotunda, pantheon 
Rotonditt', rotundity, roundness 
Rotule, the kee-pan 
Roture, soccage, commoners 
Roturicr, e. a. s. plebian; com- 
moner; by soccage 
Roturiireiiient, ad. meanly; by 

Rouable, sm. rake for an oven 
Rouage, icheelwork 
Rouan, a roan 
Rouannc, etto. sf. amark 
Ronanner, va. to * mark casks 
Rouble, sm. a rouble (a coin) 

four shillings and sixpence 
Rouche, sf. the carcass if a ship 
Roucouler, vn. to coo, (la coloiu- 

be roucoule) 
Roue, sf. a wherl, peacock's tail 
RowWc, little wheel, round slice, 

fillet of veal 
Roller, va. to * break on the 

Rouet, sm. spinning-wheel; lock 

of a gun 
Rouelte, sf. osier, twig, wicker 
Rouge, 2. a. red 

Rouge, sm. women's paint; rud- 
dock, roach, red colour 
Rougcjilre, 2. a. reddish 
Rougeaud, e. a. red-faced; rud- 
dy complexionecl 


Rouge-gorge, svi, robin-red 

Rouge -hord, a bumper 

Rougeole, sf. the raeasles 

Rouge-queue, a nd-tuil 

Rouget, sm. a roach, rocket 

Rongeur, sf. redness, pimple, 

Roiisir, V. to redden, colour 
* blush 

Rouille, sf. rust 

Rouiiie, e. a. rusty 

Rouillcr, va. to rust 

Se — , to * grow rusty 

Rouiliure, sf. rust 

ilouir, V. to steep, to taint; pu- 

Roulade, sf. trilling, in music 

Roulage, sm. rolling 

Roulant, e. a. easy, (of a car- 
riage or road) 

Eouitau, sm. a roll, rolling-pin 

Roulement, rolling; trill; roll 


Rouler, va. to roll, ramble; rove^ 

reel, * run, revolve 
Roiilet, oil jiouloir, sm. roller 
Roulette. 5/. little wfuel; caster; 

trucklc-bcd; go-cart; book- 

bindrr'' s tool 
Rcuiitr, sm. a wagoner 
Roulis, rolling, tossing about 
Rouloir, a roller 
Roup'e, sf. snivel 
Roupie (nioniioie,) a rupee, twt 

shillings and threepence 
Roupieu.x, se. a. s. sniveUy 

Roupille, sf. short cloak 
Roupiller, rn. to doze 
Roupilleur, se. s. dozing 
Rouque, sm. a rook 
Rouquet, a luck hare 
Roure, .«/. a drug to dye in green 
Rousse, a. f. red-haired 
Roufsalre, 2. a. reddish 
Rousseau, stn. red-haired 
Rousselet, the rnsselet pear 
Ronssetie, sf. king's fisher 
Rousseur, redness 
Rousseurs, sf. pi. freckles 
Roussi, sm.Iiussialeafher;bitnU 

Roussin, strong huilt horse 


Roussir, V. to * grow red; 
* make red look yellow or 
Route, sf. road-ioaij, course of a 

ship; route; vieans 
Routier, sni. road-book 
Routine, sf. rote, practice 
Roiitinier, sm. mere practitioner 
Rnuveriii, a. m. brittle, friable 
Rouvieux, (cheva!,) a mangy 

Rouvre, sm. the hardest oak 
Kouvtir, va. to open again 
Roux, rousoc, a. s. red, red- 
haired; riifus; carrotty 
Royal, e. a. royal; regal; noble 
RoyaJe, if. a sort of pantaloons 
Roya!eint!iit, ad. royally; prince- 
Royaliste, sm. — list; Tory 
Royauine, kingdom, realm 
Royaute, sf. royalty, crown 
Ru, sin. the channel of a Utile 

Riiade, sf. a horse's hick 
Rulian, sm. riband 
Rubanerie, sf. riband-trade 
Rul>anier, e. s. a riband-weaver 
Rubante, e. a. trimmed with ri- 
Rubican (cheval,) a bay horse 
Rubieond, e. a. red, ruddy 
Rubis, sm. a ruby, red pimple 
Rubiiciare, sm. compiler of ru- 
brics; a sly or cunning man 
Rubriq'ie, sf. rubric; title; rule; 

Ruclie, a bce-Uve 
Ruchee, sf. a hive-full 
Rudaiiicr, e. a. surly 
Rude, 2. a. aarsh, rough 
Rudcriieiit, ad. roughly; harsh- 
ly; very hard 
Rudosse, sf. harshness; severity; 

harsh words 
Umlijiient, sm. — 7nent; acci- 
dence, dement 
U udoyer, va. to use harshly 
Ruo, sf. rue, a street, lane 
Uu(^I!e, a narrow street or lane, 
alley, brdsidc, meeting at a la- 
Ruer, va. to * fling, * kick 
Se ruer sur, to * rush upon 
Rugir, vn. to roar 


Rugissant, e. a. roaring 
Rngissemeiit, sm. raaring 
Rugosit6, 6/. roughiuss, ui'.even- 

Ruiue, ruin, decay, f'dl 
iluiner, va. to rain, destroy 
Se niiuer, to * fall, to dicuy 
RiiiiieiiXj se. a. ruinous, p^rni- 

Ruisseau, s:n. brook, rivulet, 

RmssQ\VLnX,e. a. gushing 
Ruisseler, va. to*gush;* runout 
Rumeur, sf. rumour, uproar 
RiiiiiinaiU, e. a. ruminating 
Runiinaiiou, sf- — tio7i 
Ruiniiier, va. to rumiuate; chew 

the cud; muse on 
Rupture, sf. fracture, rupture, 

Rural, e. a. rural 
Ruse, sf. cunnivg; ;>hifts; trick 
Rust';, e. a. cunning, sly 
Ruser, vn. to shift, use cunning 
Rustaud, e. a. s. boorish; clown 
Rusticit6, sf. rusticity, clownish- 

Rustique, 2. a. rural, cloionish 
Rus(i(|uer, va. to * make rustic 

Rustiqueinent, ad. rudely 
Rustre, 2. a. s. rustical; churl; 

a lout 
Rut, sm. ratling 
Ruunr,pnol to strep Jlax or hemp 
Rye, sea-shore 
Rylhnie, measure, harmony 




Sabbat, sui. sabbath; a sup- 
posed nightly meeting if witch- 
es; racket; great noise; ca- 

Sal)batine, .if. thesis oii logic, or 
moral ])hilosophy; great noise 

Sabbaticjiie, 2. «. — tical 

Sabeipine, sm. the adoration of 
fire, I.S-C. 

Sabine, sf. savin 

Sable, s//i. sa}id,hour-glass, sable 

Sabler, z;?j. to gravel, cover with 
sand, swallow at a draught 

I Sahleux, se. a. gritty 
Saliiier, sm- a sand hour-glasa 
Sahliere, .s/. sand-pit 
Sah:on, s.v(. small sand 
Sal.'loniier, va. to scour with sand 
.Subloriueux, se. a. sandy 
Sa!)l<>nt;ier, sm. a sand-man 
Sab:.,iiiii;;re, sf. a sand-pit 
Sabord, sm. a port-hole 
Sabot, wooden shoe; horse^shoof; 

a top 
Saboter, vn. to * jchip a top 
Saboteur, sm. one that whips a 

Sabotier, a wooden shoemaker 
Saboulor, va. to * toss, tumble 
Sabre, sm. sabre, hanger 
Sabrenauder, va. to work clum 

Sabier, va. to * cut with a sabrt 
Sac, sm. sack, bag, pillage 
Saccade, sf.jcrk, reprimand 
SaccagemeDt, sm. sacking 
SaccMger, va. to * sack, ransack, 

Sacerdoce, sm. priesthood 
Sacerdotal, c. a. —tal, priestly 
Sacliee, .■'/. a sackfull 
Saciiet, .9///. a satchel, pouch 
Sacoche, sf. a couricr''s bag 
Sacramental, o. a. — tal 
Sacramenlalenicnt, ad. — tally 
Saci"e, 57/;. coronation, consecra- 
Sacre, a villain 
SacrO, e. a. sacred, holy 
Sacrcinent, sm. a sacrament,ma- 

Sacrcr, va. to consecrate; crown 
Sacrer, vn. to bla.-phr.7ne 
Sacret, sm. tassel hawk 
Sacrificateur, sacrificer 
Sacrilic.ature, .<?/. priesthood 
Sacrifice, stn. a sacrifice 
Sacrilier, va- to sacrifice; destroy 
Sacrilege, 2. a. sm. sacrilege; 

Sacrilegraient, ad. —Icgicuslg 
Saci islam, sm. a srxton 
^acristie, sf. a vestry 
Sacrisline, vestry-7iun 
Sacrum (i'os,) srn. os sacruvn 
Sadiicecn, ne. s. Saducean 
Sadticeisme, sm. SaduccitM 
Sail an, saffron 





Safrau, c. a. of a s.ijron colour 

Safraiier, va. to saffron 

Safraiiier, u. «. a Oro/ccn iradcs- 
vian or woman 

SalVe. -. a. grcrdij 

SasaciU'. sf. sii<ritcit7j 

Saae, 2. a. wise; modest; sober; 

Sage, sm. sage, wi.-ic mmi 

Sag?; rtMiiiiK;, sf. midwife 

Sageiiii-'iit, «'/. wisely, sobcrbj 

Sagc'SSi;, sf. wisdom, VKidcsti/, 
honour, sol/riclij 

SasetlP, bolt, arruw 

Sagiltairi^, sn. Sagittarius 

Sagittale, -Z. a. sagittal 

iSagouin, s.;i. inxnnoset, sloven 

Sagouiiio, sf. sloceuly woman 

Sale, coat of mail 

, hard brush; serge 

Saiettf, thin serge 

SaVetter, vn. tu clean with a 
smith's brush 

SaiLMiam, e. a. bleeding 

SaiiTiK.'r, V. to * bleed, blood, 

Saiguoiir, sm. a bleeder 

Saigiieu\, se. a. bloody 

Saillaiit, e. a. jutting out 

Saillie, sf. sally, projer.ture; 
rant; * flight 

Saiilir, vn. to project; * gush 

out; leap 
Siiiii, e. ft. it. soinil; wholesome 
Sain-doiiX, sm. hag's lard 
Saiaemem, ad. somid and well; 

Sain-foin, sm. sain-foin 
Saint, e. a. s. holy, saint 
Saiiiteiaent, ad. holily 
Sainteic, sf. holiness, sanctity 
Saique, sciick, sort of ship 
Saisi, sm. a debtor 
Saisie, sf. seizure, distress 
Saisine, seisin, possession 
S;\isir, va. to seize, * lay hold of, 

grasp, distrain, * stricc 
Se — , to seize upon, arrest 
Saisissaiil, e. a. s. seizor 
Saisissemeiil, sin. shocic; qualm, 

flurry, prisoner's rope 
Saison, sf. season, time 
Salade, salad, head-piece 
Saladier, sm. salad dish; basket 
to drain salad in 

Salage, salting; salt duty 
Salaiio, salary, reward 
Salaison, sf. salting; salt pro- 
Salanialec, sm. Turkish saluta- 
Salainaiidre, sf. — dcr, kind of 

Salaiit (marais,) sm. salt inarsh 
Salari»;r, va, Xo reward 
J^ale, 2. a. foul, dirty, fiUhy 
S.ale, sm. suit pork, or meat 
Salt'O, ft. /. brinish 
Saleineiit, ad. pithily, nastily 
Saler, va. to salt, powder 
Salerou, sm. the upper part of a\ 

Saielo, sf.fll.'hincss, dirt 
Saleiir, sm. he who cures flsh 
Salicoqup, .«/. a kind of lobster 
Saliere, salt-cellar, salt-box, 
Saliert's, pi. hollow pits 
Saiigaud, e. a. slutti.i/i 
Salignoii, sm. a s<ilt-lonf 
Saligot, water-nut, or water- 
Saliii, e. a. snlinc, brinish 
Saline, sf. salt meat; salt flsh; 

Sali(\;iu (lor.) .Sialic law 
Sa!ir,rt«. to dirt, to foul, to daub, 

staiUf^sully *- 

Salir^son, .«/. a young slut . 
Saiissure, snot, dirt, fillh 
Salivaire, 2. a. claiwity; salival 
^^alivatioiij iif. — lion; fluxing 
Salive, spittle 
Saliver, vn. to spit much 
Salle, sf. hall; parlour; ward; 

boiotr; room 
Salmi, sm. a hash 
Sa'niigoiulis, hotch-potch 
Saloir, salt-tub, powdering-tub 
Salon, great hall; parlour 
Salope, 2. a. s. slovenly; sloven, 

Salopemcnt. ad. nastily 
Saloperie, sf. sluvenlivcs.f 
Sa!()rgf', sm. heaps of salt 
Salpotre, saltpetre, nitre 
Salpt'li ior, saltpetre-man 
S^lpolriere, sf.; 

Sarsapareille, sarsaparilla 
Salsifis, sm. goal's beard 

Sa'stiiineiix, so. a. saLsugmous, 

siintewhit salt ■* 

Sallinilianque, .■*?«. a quack 
Saluade, nf. salutation 
Salviige, sauvelajf*;, sm. salvage- 
money [law 
Salv.iiioiis. .<?/. pi. pleading in 
Saliihrc, 2. ft. salubrious 
Salnlirite, sf. salubrity 
S;il\'v., anoliry; discharge; oval 

saucer, or sulocr; si loe 
SaliMT, na. to salute; bow; * 

d-iiik to one ■ 
Saiiire, stf. dullness, brine 
Saint, sm. salutation: safely. 

salnntion: salute 
Salntaire, 2. a. salulary; whole 

Saliitaironi.Mii, ad. usefully 
Suluiation, sf. salutation, bow 
Saincdi, sm. Saturday 
Sancir, va. to * sink, founder 
Sanclilicaieiir, sm. sanctificr 
Sajic-liri! aiion, sf. — li n 
Sanciitirr, va. to sanctify; to * 

keep holy; to hallow 
Sanction, sf. sanction 
Sanciionner, va. to * give a 

sanction [eel 

Sanctnaire, sm. tiiary; clian- 

Sandal, sandal-wood 
Sandaie; sf. a sandal, open shoe 
Sandalier, .em. sandal-maker 
Sandaraipie, sf. — rac, orpin 
Sang, sm. blood, race 
Sanglade, sf. a lash 
Sanglanl, c. a. bloody, gricvoiLS 
SaiiglH, sf. a girth 
Sangler, i/-a. to gird, * lash 
Sanglier, sm. a wild boar 
Sanglot, sob, sigh, gmin 
Sangloiter, rH. to * sob, to groan 
Sangsne, sf. leech; blood-sucker 
Signification, 5/. — tion 
Sanguin, e. c. sanguine, red 
Saniruinaire, 2. a. sanguinary^ 

bloody, cruel 
Saniruine, sf. red-lead; blood- 

Sansuinolenl, e. a. bloody 
Sanicic, sf. self-hea' 
Sanie, nutter of a sore [lent 
Sanieux, se. a. sanious; purvr 
Cannes, sm. two sizes or sixes 
3a:\s, pr. without; were it not f of 


I Inns-culottes, (nickname) /or a 

French republican 
IJansonnet, sm. a starling 
Sant6, sf. health; a toast; pest- 

Santon, sm. cheating priest, 

false prophet 
Saoul, e. vid. Soul, e. 
Sapajou, sm, marmoset 
Saphique, 2. a. saphic 
Saphir, s)n. sapphire 
Sapience, sf. wisdom 
Sapin, sm. a fir-tree; fr; deal 
Sapiniere, sf. forest of fir-trees 
Saporifique,'2. a —fie 
Siipo, sf. undermining a wall 
Saper, va. to * sap, dig, mine 
Sapeur, sm. an vndcrnnver 
Saiabande, s/. a saraband 
i^'avltacaiic, shooting-tube 
Parcasine, sm. sarcasm, taunt 
Sarcelle, vid. Cercelle 
Farcepareille, sf. sarsapariUa 
Sarcler, va. to weed 
Sarcleur, se. s. a wcedcr 
SaiCioir, sm. a hoe 
Paiclure, sf. weedivgs 
Barcocele, sm. swelling 
, Sarcoine, sarcoma, tumour 
I Sarcopliage, a tomb among the 
Parcotique, 2. a. — tic 
Sardine, sf. sardina, pilchard, 
, Sarrloine, the sardonyx 
I Sarment, sm. vitie branch 
Sarrasin, buckwheat 
Snnasine, i?/. a portcullis 
Sarrau, .<tm. a wagover^s or 

groom^s frock 
Sarrictte, sf. the hnb savory 
Fas, sm. a sieve, search 
Sasser, va. to sift, examine 
Sasfet, sm. little sieve 
Satan, Satan, the devil 
Saiellitc, guard, satellite 
Snti6t6, sf. satiety, surfeit 
Sal ill, sm. satin 
Satinade, sf. satinet 
Satin6, e. n. satin-like 
Satiner, va. to * make satin-like 
Satire, sm. satire, lampoon 
Satirique, 2 a. —ric, abusive 
— , sm. a satirist 
Saliriquement, ad. —rically 


Satiriser, va. to satirize 
Satisfaction, sf. satisfaction 
Satisfactoire, 2. a. satisfactory 
Satisfaire, v. to sati.'^fy, please, 

discharge, gratify 
Satisfaisanl, e. a. pleasing 
Satisfait, e. contented 
Satrape, sm. a satrap 
Safrapie, sf. satrajjy 
Satteau, sm. sort of bark, to fish 

Saturation, sf. impregnation 

with alkali and acid 
Satiir6, e. a. impregnated with 

alkali and acid 
Saturer, tirt. to saturate 
Sa'urnales, sf. pi. —nals 
Saturne, sm. Satvr7i 
Saturnien, ne. a. saturnine; 
Satyre, sm. a satyr [gloomy 
Savanmicnt, ad. learnedly 
Savanne, sf. Savanna 
Savant, e. a. s. learned 
Savantagse, sm. pedantic scholar 
Savantissinie, very great scholar 
Savate, sf. old shoe, or slipper 
Savaterie, old shoes trade 
Sauce, sauce 
Saucer, va. to * dip in the sauce; 

Sauciere, sf. saucer, sauce-boat 
Saucisse, sausage, pudding 
Saucissier, sm. sausage-maker 
thick and short sau- 



sage; sqwb 
Saveter, va. to cobble 
Savetier, svi. cobbler, bungler 
Saveur, sf. savour, relish 
Sauf, ve. a. safe 
Sauf, 7)r. save, under, but 
conduit, sm. safe conduct; 

pass; license 
Saiige, sf. sage 
Saugren6e, a. seasoning with 

salt, pepper, and small herbs 
Saugrenn, e. a. foolish, .Hlly 
Saule, sm. icillow or sallow-tree 
Sauinatre, 2. a. briny, brackish 
Saumon, sm. sahnon,pigoflead 
Saumoneau, a little salmon 
Saurnure, sf. brtne 
Saunage, sm. salt trade 
Sauner, va. to * make salt 
Saiiiierie, sf. saltern 
Saunier, sm. sail-maker, salter 

Faux-saunier, salt-smuggler 
Savoir, va. to * know; * be 

Savoir, sm. knowledge, learning 
Savoir-faire, skill, wit 
Savon, soap 

Savonnage, soaping linen 
Savonncr, va. to * wash with 

soap, scold 
Savonnerie, sf. soap-house 
Savonnette, a wash-ball 
Savoniieux, se. a. soapy 
Savonniere, sf. soap-wort 
Savourer, va. to savour, relish 
Savouret, sm. marrow-bone 
Savoureusement, ad. relishingly 
Savourcux,se. a. savoury 
Saiipiquet, sm. high-relished 

Saupoudrer, va, to powder ; 

corn; sprinkle; * strew 
Saure, 2. a. yellowish brown 
Saurer, va. to dry in the s7nokc 
Saussaie, .<?/. a wtllow-plot 
Saut, sm. leap, jitmp, tmnble, 

watc" fall 
Sauter, va. to * leap, * jump, 

* skip a word, tumble 
Sautereau, sm.jack of aspinnet 
Sauterelle, sf. grasshopper; lo- 
Sauteur, sc. s. Icaper, tumbler, 

vault er 
Sautillement, sm. skipping ; 
tripping along [along 

Sautiller, vn. to * skip, * trip 
Sautoir, S7n. saltier 
Sauvage, 2. a. savage, wild 
Sauvage, sm. salvage; savage 
Sauvageon, wild stock 
Sauvagin, e. a. s. fishy, rammish 

Sauvagne, sf. wild foicls; skins 

of foxes, polecats, die. 
Sauvegarde, safeguard, pro tec- 

Sauver, va. to save., excuse 
Se sauver, vr. to escape 
Sauvcl6, .sf. safety 
Sauveur, ."m. Sarinur 
Saxatile, 2. a. that is ninongsi 

Saxifrage, .»/• stone-break 
Sayon,.f7n. a kind of coarse habit 





SbLrc, a constable in some coun- 
Scahellon, a stand 
.Scal>icuse, sf. scabious {herb) 
acubitiiLX, se. a. itch-Like 
Scabieox, se. a. rugged^ difficult, 
Scalene, '2. a. scalene [ticklish 
rioalpel, sm. scalpel, a surgeon's 

iJcaxuonee, sf. scammony 
Scaudale, sm. scandal, ojfcnce 
ytandaleusemeni, ad. — lously 
Scaudale iix, se. a. s. scandalous 
ticandaliser, va. to scand'dize; 

* give offence 
Se scandaliser, vr. to*beoffend- 
Scaiider, va. to scan [ed 

Scapulaire, sm. — lary 
Scarabtie, s;/i. scarab, beetle 
Scaramouche, Italian zani 
Scarificateur, sm. — cator 
Scarification, */. —tion 
Scarifier, va. to scarify, lance 
Scarlatine (fievre,) scarlet fever 
Sceau, sm~ a seal 
Seel, a seal [villain 

Scelerat, e. a. s. flagU>ous; a 
Sceleratesse, sf. villany 

Scell6, sm. the seal 

Scellement, cramping 

Sceller, va. to seal, cramp 

Scelleur, am. a sealer 

Scene, sf. a stage; scene 

Scenique, %. a. sccnical 

Scfinogiaphie, s/. —phy 

Sceplicisme, sm. — cism 

Scepiique, 2. a. 3. sceptic 

Sceptre, sm. a sceptre 

Sclieliii};, a shilling 

Schismatique, 2. a. s. — tic 

Schisme, sm. schism 

Sciagc, sawing 

Scialcre, sciateric, sun-diul 

Sciai6rique, 2. a. sciateric 

Sciaticiue, 2. o. sciatic 

Suiotiiiiie, sf. sciatica, kiti-gout 

iscie, a saw 

Scie-a-main, a handieaw 

.Sciemment, ad. knowingly 

Science, sf. science 

Scientifique, 2. a. scientific d 

Scientirtqucinent, ad. learnedly 

Scier, va. to * saw 

Scieur, */«. a sawyer 

Sciuullution, sf. twinkling 

fccion, sni. ttoig, sJuot, i-c/V?! 
Sciojijle, 2. a. scissde [vision 
Scission, sf. scission, cuUing,di- 
Scissuic, sciasure, crack, rent 
Sciute, saw-dust 
Scolaslitiue, 2. a. scholastic 
Scolasiique, sm. schoul-dicine 
Scolasiique, sf. divinity 
Scolastiquenient, ad. learnedly 
Scoliasle, sm. a scholiast 
Scolie, 5/. commentary 
Scolopendre, — dra; hart's 
Scorbut, sm. scurvy [tongue 

Scorbutique, 2. a. s. scorbutic 
Scordiuiu, sm. water-germander 
Scorie, sf. dross, scoria 
Scorificaiiou, the reducing to 

Scoiificatoire, sm. vessel serving 

to reduce to scona 
Scorinur, va. to reduce to scoria 
Scorpiojt'lle, s/. oil of scorpion 
Scorpion, sm. scorpion, scorpio 
Scorsoncre, sf scorioncra 
Scribe, sm. a scnbc, copyist 
Scripieur, the writer of the 

Pope's bull 
Scripmraire, —turixt 
Scrofulaire, sf. blind-nctil: 
Scrofuleux, se. a. scrofulous 
Scroton, sm. scrotum 
Scrupule, scruple; duubt- 
Scrupuleuseuient, ad. — lously 
Scrupuleux, se. a. scrupulous 

Scrutateur, sm. ter, searcher 

Scrule<-, va. to scrutinize 
Scrutin, sm. scrutiny, ballot 
Sculpter, va. to carve; engrave 
Scuipteur, sm. carver, sculptor 
Sculpture, sf. — tare, carving; 

carved work 
Scurnle, 2. a. — ril, saucy 
Scurrileiuent, ad. buffoon-like 
Scurrilile, sf. — lity, drollery 
Se,pr. one's self, himself, herself, 
themselves, itself, each other, 
one another 
Stance, sf. place, seat, session 
S6anl, e. a. becoming; decent; 

fitting; sitting 
Seau, sni. a pail, bucket 
Sebile, sf. a tcoodcn bowl 
Sec, a. VI. Seclie, /. dry; blunt; 

sharp; tart; Uan 
A sec, dri, poor, silenced 

Sec, sm. dryness 

Secablo, 2. a. Ui visible 

Sccancc, sf. stquLUce 

;?ccunle, secant 

SccJie, eutlle-fish 

Seclienienl, ad. dryly, coldlj 

Seclier, Cii. to dry, wither 
Scclieresse, sf. dryness, uvidili 
siccity, drought, jijcuneuesi 
Seclioir, sm. horse or board fo 

drying linen 
Second, c. u. s. second 
Secondaiie,2. a. —daiy 
Secoude, sf. second 
Secondeiiient, ad. secondly 
Seconder, va. to Sicond, assist 
iiicco{n^iUf.nX,sm.sliaking; jolting ■. 

Secouer, va. to * shake, ♦ shak- 1 

t'l, Jolt, jog, bang 
Sfcouiable, 2. a. helpful 
Secourir, oa. to succour; * h Ip ^ 

Sccours, sm. succour, help; sup ' 

ply; chapel of ease 
Secousse, sf. ahakc, jolt, fil 

check, spring 
Secret, U;. a. secret, private 
Secret, sm. secret, mystery 
Secretaire, secretary 

Secreiairerie, sf. the secretary' 

Secretariat, sm. secretaryship 

t^ecrete, s. secret prayer 

Secretenient, ad. secretly 

Secretion, sf. — tion 

Se«:reloite, 2. a. secretory 

Seclaiie, sm. a sectary 

Scclatenr, follower, disciple 

Secte, .sf. a sect 

Sectenr, sm. a sector 

Section, sf section, division 

Seculaire, 2. a. secular 

Secularisation, sf. — zation 

Srculariser, va. to secularize 

Secularii6, sf. secular life 

Seculier, e. a. s. layman 

Secnlierement, cd. worldly 

Sticurite, sf. security 

Sedanoise, pearl {hi printing] 

Sedalif, ve. a. anodyne 

Sedeniaire, 2. a. sedentary 

Sedimenl, sm. sediment, drigs 

Seditieusenient, ad. —tiuusly 

SOditieux, se. a. s.siditious,rfbel 


Sedition, 5/. sedition; uproar 
Scductcur, rice. s. seducer 
S6ducteur, rice. a. seducing, de- 
ceiving, debauching 
Seduction, sf. siduction 
Seduire, va. to seduce 
Seduisant, e. o. sediicing; en- 

begineat, sm. segment 
Segregation, sf. —tion 
Seigle, 5m. rye 
Seigie blanc, amel-corn 
Seigneur, lord, seignor 
Seigneuriage, seignoruge 
Seigneurial, e. a. of, or belong 

ing to the lord of the manor 
Seigneurie, sf. lordshi]*, manor 
Sein, sm. breast; bosvin; womb; 

gulf; middle 
Seine, sf. JUh net 
Seing, sm. signature, name, hand 
S6jour, stay, abode, mansion 
Sejourner, vn. to * abide, * stay 
Seizainc, sf. thick pack-thread 
Seize, 2. a. a. sixteen 
Seize, sm. six-teen 
Seizien>e, 2. a. s. sixteenth 
Sel, sm. salt; wit 
— altique, sterling wit 
S61enograi)hie, sf. —phy 
Selle, saddle, pinion, stool 
Seller, va. to saddle 
SellerJe, sf. cupboard for horse- 
Selletie, stools {at trials) 
Sellier, sm. a sadler 
Selon, pr. according to, after 

que, c. according as 

Seraaille, sf. sowing; seed sown; 

seed time 
Semaine, week, week's work, or 

Semainier, e. a. weekly 
Semainicr, sm. on duty 
Scmblable, 2. a. sm. like, alike 
such, equal, fellow 

, sm. fellow creature 

Seniblahlenient, ad. likewise 
Semblance, sf. likewise 
Semblant, sm. pretence, show 
Faire semblant, to pretend 
Sembler, va. to seem, * look 


Semestre, 2. a. six months' duty 
Semestre, sm. six months' se- 

mestra, ot furlough 
Semeur, a sower 
Semi, half 

Semi-preuve, sf. semi-proof 
Semillant, e. a. frisky, {of a 

Sfeminaire, sm. — nary, nursery 
Seminal, e. a. —nal 
Sfeminarisle, sm. a seminarist 
Semis, a seed plot 
Semi-ton, semitone 
Semoir, a seed bag 
Semonce, sf. summons; warning 
Seniondre, va to invite; sum- 
Semonneur, sm. summoner 

Sempiternei, le. a. everlabiing. 
vieille seinpilernelle, old sul- 
len woman; old witch 

S6nat, sm. senate, senate-house 

St^nateur, senator 

Senatorial, e. a. senatorial 

Senatorien, ne. a. senatonan 

S6iiatrice, sf. senator's wife in 

Sf^natule, sm. little senate 

Senatus-consulte, decree of the 
Roman senate 

Senau, /ast sailing boat 

Sene, sen a 

S6nechal, seneschal 

S6nechale, sf. seneschal's lady 

i:cn^ch3LUSS*ic,stneschal' 8 juris- 

Senecon, sm. groundsel 

Senegr6, fenugreek 

Senelle, */. haw 

S^nestre (main,) left hand 

Senev6, sm. mustard-seed 

S6nieur, senior, elder 

Sens, sense; opinion; constric- 
tion; side; way 

Sens-dessus-dessous, ad. topsy 




Sensation, sf. sensation 
Sens6, e. a. sensible, rational 
Sens6ment, ad. rationally 
Sensibilit6, sf. sensibility 

Sensiblenient, ad. sensibly 
Sensilif, ve. o. sensitive 
Sensitive, s/. —tive plant 
Sensorium, sm. sensoHum 
Seusualite, sf. sensua, Hy 
Sensuel, le. a. s. sensual 
Sensuellement, ad. sensually 
Sentence, sf. sentence 
Sentencier, va. to sentence 
Sentencieusement, ad, senten- 
tiously [pithy 

Sentencieux, se. a. sententious, 
Seuteur, sf. odour, smell 
Seinems,pl. perfumes, sweets 
Sentier, sm. path, by-way 
Sentiment, —ment, sense; feel- 
ing, sensation, opinion 

inlime, consciousness 

Sentimental, e. a. — tal 
Sentine, sf. sink of a ship 
Sentinelle, sentinel, sentry 
Seiitir, va. to * feel; be * sensi- 
ble of; * S7nelt; taste; savour 
of; * look; foresee 
Se — ,vr. to ''feel; * know one's 

Seoir, va. toft well, to * become 
Separable, 2. a. separable 

Separation, sf. tion, divorce; 

partition; parting 
S^paratiste, s. dissenter 
Separ6, e. a. distinct, different 
S6par6ment, ad. asunder, sepa- 
Separer, va. to separate; part 
Se — , vr. to break up, part 
S6pte, sf. thicket or clump from 

one root 
Sept, 2. a. seven 
Sept, sm. a. seven, seventh 
Seplante, 2. a. sm. seventy 
Septembre, sm. September 
Septfenaire, (nombre,) septenary 

number; seven 
Septentrion, sm. the north 
Septentrional, e. a. northern 
Septenlrionaux, *?«.?/. northern 

Semelle, sf. sole; foot; lee-board I Sensible, 2. a. sensible, tender, 
Semence, seed; cause 1 grievous, exceptions 

Semer, va. to * sow, * spread I Sensible, sm. sensible part 


Septieme, 2. a. sm. the seventh, 

Septiemoment, ad. seventhly 
Septier, sm. twilve bushels; two 

Septuag6naire, 2. a. seventy 

years of age 





Septuag^sime, sf. — sima 
S6pulcral, e. a. sepulchral 
S6pulcre, sm. sepulchre; grave 
Sepulture, sf. burial; a burying- 

place, tomb, grave 
S6que!lc, gang, crew, club 
Sequence, sequence 
Sequestration, —tion 
S6questre, sm. sequestration 

, sequestrator 

S6questrer, va. to sequester; se- 
crete, separate 
Sequin, sm. zechin 
S^rail, seraglio 
S6rancer, va. tohatchcl 
S6rancier, sm. hatchrller 
Seraphin, a. seraph 
S6raphiqu<?. 2. a. seraphic 
S6raskier, sm. a general of an 

army among the Turks 
Serdeau, office in the king's 

Serein, evening dew, mildew 

, e. serene, clear, quiet 

S6r6nade, sf. serenade; night- 
music; merriment 
S6renissime, 2. a. most serene 
Ser6nite, sf. serenity, calmness 
S6reux, se. a. serous, water ish 
Serf, serve, a. s. a bondman, 
bondwoman; a villain 

Serfouette, sf. email hoe 

Serge, serge 

Sergeant, sm. Serjeant, bailiff 

Sergenter, va. to * send bailiffs 
after one 

Sergenterie, sf. serjeanVs place 

Sergcrie, serge trnilc 

Sergette, thin and light serge 

Sergier, s. serge-maker 

S6rie, sf. a series, sequence, in- 

S6rieusemenl, ad. seriously; in 

Serieux, se. a. serious, grave, 
earnest, sincere 

Surieux, sm. seriousness 

Dans le s^rieux, in earnest; 

au serieux, bluntly 

Serin, a canary bird; hatchel 

Serine, sf. hen canary bird 

Serinette, a bird organ 

Seringal, sm. serinira {flower) 

Seringue, sf. a syrins-e 

Seiinguer, va. to syringe; squirt 

Serment, sm. an oath 
Sermon, a sermon; discourse 
Sermonette, sf. sort of anemo- 

ny or wind-flower 

Serinonnaire, sm. collection of 

sermons [fault 

Sernionner, ra. to preach; *Jind 

Sermon neur, se. 5. preacher, 

S^rosite, .c/. serosity, serum 
Serpe, a hedging bill 
Serpent, sm. serpent, snake 
Serpentaire, sf. snake root 
Serpentaire, sm. .Serpcntarius 
Serpenteau, young snake; ser- 
pent or small squib 
Seipenter, vn. to * wind; ser- 
Serper'in, e. a. serpentine, spi- 
ral, winding 
Serpentin, sm. cock of a musket 
Serpentine, sf. —tine stone; 

grass plantnne 
Serper, vn. to weigh anchor 
Serpette, sf. pruning knife 
Serpilliere, packing cloth 
Serpolet, m. wild-thyme 
Serrc, sf. green-house, fruit- 
house; a talon; squeezing 
Serre, e. a. reserved, closr-Jist- 
cd; close, compact, tight, con- 
Serre, ad. hard; soundly 
Serre-file, sm. bringing up 
Serre-tdte, nirrht-cap b md 
Serr6menr, ad. close,, nig- 
gardly [pressian 
Serrement, sm. squeezing, op- 
Serrer, va to * squeeze; * draw 
close; tie tight; * lay up; * 
Se serrer, to * sit, *