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k — 




EvARTS BouTKLL Greene^ Prestdmi 

McKendree Hypes Chauberlin,* Vice- President 

Otto Leopold Schuidt, Secretary. 

Jessie Palmer Weber, Librarian 



'^ James Alton James 

Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin 
? William Augustus Meese 

Edward Carleton Page 
Y5 Charles Henry Rammklkahp 

Clarence Walworth Alvord 
•^ Special Editor of Publications 

*RciifDed, July, 1910. 












In ilir 

■ ■'Tral LtbrBry 


fc g fer ^^ 

4 . ' ' I ' ■»■ 















CorVRIGKT, 1910 

Thb tuJNOis State Historical Library 

€it l,«fcMnir 9tni 









. this work was to include 
troduction a fairly comprehensive history of the pel 
and newspapers of the state. The bibliography g 
yond the expected size, and the historical material 
even more abundant; consequently the introductl 
been made only a sketch, and is to be regarded 
preliminary to a more thorough treatment of the s 
It is to be hoped, however, that even in this bri€ 
it may indicate some of the many ways in whi 
ephemeral stuff of newspapers and periodicals is an i 
part of the literature and history of the common 
That but a slight amount of this material is preserve* 
and that little of what is extant is accessible, are two! 
able facts to be derived from the following pages 
library lists may prove a convenience to those wh 
occasion to consult files of early newspapers. If the 
no other purpose, however, they may call attention 
slight amount of such material now in the safe kee] 
fireproof library buildings, and may indirectly help to 
from attics and storerooms the dwindling legacy that 
for mice and flames. 

The sources of the bibliography include practici 
of the printed county histories and "biographical al 
and some in manuscript; the proceedings of state, ( 


and city historical societies, histories of Illinois and of towns; 
gazetteers, eariy books of travels, memoirs, city directories, 
newspaper directories from 1856, fourteen hundred indi- 
viduals, either through correspondence or through inter- 
views, and the files of many of the publications. In many 
instances it has been well nigh, and in some quite, impossible 
to reconcile conflicts of statement, especially when no files 
of the publication concerned could be found. For instance, 
the desire of publishers to acquire long life for their papers 
has in some cases caused the papers to accrete age simul- 
taneously at both ends of their careers. In the newspaper 
directories for 1871 to 1876, 1868 is given as the year in 
which a certain paper was established. By i88o this date 
had receded to 1864, and, gaining momentum, by 1881 had 
gone to 1861. Sometimes these dates are changed arbi- 
trarily; more often, though, antiquity is acquired by fasten- 
ing paternity upon some preccNiling publication. This 
phenomenon has been a source of confusion, and probably 
of error. Possibly many papers are linked in series that have 
had no other than a chronological relation. 

I wish to acknowledge ray indebtedness to the large 
number of persons whom I cannot mention individually: 
editors, former editors, librarians, members of the State 
Historical Society, and others, who to the number of nearly 
fourteen hundred have contributed to the making of this 
compilation. Special acknowledgement is due President 
Edmund Janes James, of the University of Illinois; Mrs. 
Jessie Palmer Weber, Librarian of the State Historical 


Belvidbks, Boons County . 
Beicent, Piatt County 
Benson, Woodtokd County 
Benton, Fkantlin County . 


Blandinsville, McDonouoh County 
Bloownoton, McLean County 
Blue Island, Cook County. 
Blutfs, Scott Coumty 
Beadfokd, Staxk County 
Braidwood, Will County . 
Briorion, Macoupin County 
Bkiiifield, Peoeia County . 
Bsistol, Kendall County . 
Buceinohau, Kankakee County 
Buckley, Iboqdois County . 
Buda, Bukeau County 


Bushnkll, McDonouoh County 

Bykon, Ogle County . 

Cairo, Alexandkk County . 

Caledonia, Pulaski County 

Cambkidoe, Henky County . 

Cahp Point, Adaus County 

Canton, Fulton County 

Cafkon, Boone County 

Caebondale, Jackson County 

Caklinville, Macoupin County 

Carlyle, Clinton County . 

Cario, White County 

Carrollton, Grbehe County 

Carthage, Hancock County 

Casey, Clark Cottnty 

Central City, Marion County 

Centralia, Marion County. 

Champaign, Champaign County 

Chandlerville, Cass County 

Charleston, Coles County 

Chatswortb, Livinoston County 

Chebansb, Iroquois and Kankakee Counties 

Chenoa, McLean County 

Cherry Valley, Winnebago County 

Chester, Randolph County 

CmcAOO, Cook County 

Chillioothe, Peobia County 









Cbkesman, Edcax CotlNTY 
Clay City, Clay County 
Clayton, Adaus County 
CuufENT, CuNTOK County 
Clitton. iKOQiTois County 
Clinton, De Witt Count- 
COBDEN, Union Coun-fy 


CoixwaviLLE, Madison County 
Coiui£RCK, Hancock County 
CoicpTON, LsM County 
CosNEixvnxE, LivmosTON County 


CowoEN, Shelby County 
Crxstdn, Ocle County 
Crete, Will County . 
Dakota, Stephenson County 
Dallas City, Hascoce County - 
Dana, La Salls County 
Danvebs, McLean County 
DANvn.LB, Veruillion County 
Davis, Stephenson County 
Davis Junction, Ogle County 
Decatur, Macon County 
De Kalb, De Kalb County 
Delavan, Tazeweij. County 
De Soto, Jackson County 
Des Plaines, Cook CoDwrr 
Dixon, Lee County 
Dolton, Cook County. 
Dundee, Kane County 
DuNLEiTK, Jo Daviess County 
Du Quoin, Perry County . 
Durand, Winsebaoo County 
Dmout, Ljvisoston County 
Earlville. La Salle County 
East St. Louis, St. Clair County 
Edwasosvuxk. Madison County 
Er7iNGaAH. Effingbaii County . 
Eldorado, Saline County . 
Eloin. Kane County 
Elikabetbtown, Hardin County 
Elhwood, Peokia County 
El Paso. Woodford County 
EiinzLtr, WauE Counts 


Enolewood, Cook ConNTv 173 

Eta, WHnxsmE County [73 


EvANSTON, Cook County 174 

EwiNO, Fkanklin County 174 

EwiNGTON, EniNOHAy County 173 

exkter, soott county 175 

Faisbusy, Livinoston County 175 

Faiktield, Waynx County 175 

Fawna, Faykttb County 177 

Fakukk City, De Witt County 177 

Faxuinoton, Fulton County 179 

Flora, Clay County 179 

FoREESTON, Ogle County 179 

Franklin Grove, Lee County 180 

Freeport, Stephenson County 180 

Fulton, Whiteside County 181 

Galena, Jo Daviess County 182 

GALESBtnto, Knox County 184 

Galva, Henry County 186 

Gardner, Grundy County 187 

Gbheseo, Henry County 188 

Geneva, Kane County 18S 

Genoa, De Kalb County 189 

Gibbon City, Ford County 189 

Gillespie, Macoupin County 189 

GiLMAN, Iroquois County 189 

Girard, Macoupin County 190 

Golconda, Pope County 191 

Grafton, Jersey County 191 

Grand Detour, Ogle County 191 

Grand Tower, Jackson County 191 

Grant Park, Kankakee County 103 

Granville, Putnau County 193 

Grayville, White County 193 

Greenfield, Gr^cne County 192 

Greenup, Cuubbrland County 193 

Greenville, Bond County 193 

Gridley, McLean County 194 

Griggsville, Pike County 194 

Hamilton, Hancock County 195 

Hampshire, Kane County 195 

Hardin, Calhoun Codhty 195 

Harrisburo, Saline County 195 

Harvard, McHenry County 196 



Havana, Mason Coxmrv 
HzxNEpm, Pdthau County . 
Rehbt, Maxsball Couhty . 
HiGHLAKD, Madison CocirrY 


UoopiSTOM, Vexuiluon County 
HcEV. CLnrroN CotwiY 
Htrrsoifvii.LE, Ckawtord County 
Hyde Pare, Cooe Couhty . 
iLUNocrrowN, St. Clair County 
ImopoLis, Sangauon Coumtt 
Ipava, FutTo.v County 
Jacksonville, Morgan County 
Jetfersonvillk, Wayne County 
Jerseyville, Jersey County 
joLiET, Will County . 
JoNESBORO, Union County . 


Kane, Greene County 
Kankakee, Kankakee County 
Kansas, Edgar County 
Kaskascja, Randolph County 
Keithsbubc, Mercer County 
Kennkv, De Witt County . 
Eswanke, Henry County 
KiNicuNDY, Mariov County 


KNOxvnxE, Knox County . 
Kyte River, Ogle County . 
Lacon. Marsbau. County . 
La Hahpe, Hancock County 
Lake Zurich, Lake County 
Lauoille, Bureau County . 
Lanark, Carroll County . 
Lake (now Rocselle), Oole County 
La Rose, Marshall County 
La Sallk, La Salle County 
Lawnrtoge, Marshall Col-nty 
Lawrenceville, Lawrence County 
Lebanon, St. Clair County 
Lee, Lee Cqukty 
Lehont, Cook County 
Lena, Stephenson County 



Le Rov, McLean Codnty . 
Lewbtowtn, Fulton Coitnty 
LcxiNOTON, McLean Covnty 
LtNCOLH, LooAN County 


Little Fort, I^ce Cqusty 
Little Rock, Kendall Cocmty 
LocrpoRT. Will Coontv 
Loda, Iboquois County 


Lostamt, La Salle Codmty . 
Louisville, Clay County 
Lovington, Moultrie County 
Lowell, Ij^ Salle Countv 
Low Point, Woodford County 
Lyndon, WaiTESiDE County 
McHenry, McHenby County 
McLbansboko, Hamilton County 
Macomb, McOoNousa County 
Macon, Macon County . . 
Magnolia, Henry County . 


Majoettv Point, Cumberland County 
Mai-TA, De Kalb County 
Manchester, Scott County 
Manspceld, Piatt County . 
Maquon. Knok County 
Marengo, McHenxy County 
Makion. WauAMsoN County 
Maroa. Macon County 
Marseilles, La Salle County 
Mabsh-vll, Clark County . 
Martinsville, Clark County 
Maryrville, Vekkillion County 
Mascoutah, St. Clair County 
Mason, Eppingeau County 
Mason City, Mason County 
Mattoon, Coles County 
Meuora, Macoupin County. 
Mendon, Adams County 
Mrndota, La Sallk County 
Meredosia, Morgan County 
Metauoba, Woodpord County 
Metropolis City, Massac County 
MiDDLJtPORT, Iroqdoi!; Countv 



Mn-TON, Pice Counttt . 
MixucR, Tazewell County . 


MoKKNA, Will Coon'ty 
MoLiNE, Rock Island Coitoty 



MoKuoirra, Warken CoutfTV 
Monroe, Oole County 
MoNTicELLO, Piatt Covnxy . 
MoKAis, Grundy County 
Morrison, Whiteside County 
Mokrisonville, Christian County 
Mound City, Plxaski County 
Mt. Cakuel, Wabash Codnty 
Mt. Carroll, Caksou, County 
Mt. Forcst, Cook County . 
Mr Morris, Ocle County . 
Mt. PuLAsn, Logan County 
Mt. Sterling, Brown County 
Mt. Vsrnon, Jetpebson County 
Moweaqua. Shelby County 
Mubphysboso, Japk-son County 
IVai^rville, Do Pace County 
Kaples, Scorr Cockty. 
Na£hville, Washington County 
Nauvoo, Hancock County . 
Neoga, Cumberland Coctkty 
Xeponset, Bureau County . 
Newark, Kendau. County . 
New Athens, St. Clair County 
New Berlin, Sangamon County 
New Boston, Mercer County 
New Burnside. Johnson County 
Newman, Douglas County . 
New Rutland, La Salle County 
Newton, Jasper County 
New Windsor, Mercer County 
NiANnc, Macon County 
Nilwood, Macoupin County 
noeouib. montoomery county 
Normal, McLean County 
NoxKiB City, Johnson County 


NoYBSviLLE, Cook Codnty 264 

NuwDA (now North Cbvstal Laxx), McHkhry County . 965 

Oaelakc, Coles County 265 

Odell, Livingston County 365 

Odin Masion County 965 

O'Fallon St. Clair County 965 

Olkey, Richland County 265 

Onakoa, Isoquois County 267 

Oneida. Enox County 267 

Oquawka, HENDzasoN County 367 

Oregon, Ogle County 268 

Orion, Henry County 269 

OswEOo, KxNDAix County 270 

Ottawa, La Salle County ayo 

Palatine, Cook County 971 

Palestine, Raniwlph Counts 279 

Pana, Chkistian County 97* 

Paris, Edgar County . ■ 273 

Park Ridge, Cook County 274 

Paw Paw Lke County 375 

Paxton, Ford County 975 

Payson, Adams County 276 


Peein, Takeweu. ConNTY 276 

P^OEiA, Peoria County 278 

Peotone, Will County 289 

PEftsY PncK County 289 

Peru La Salle County 38a 

PETERsHirsc, Menard County 283 

Philo, Chabcpaign County 383 


Piper City, Ford County 384 

PirrsFiELD, Pike County 384 

Plainpield, Will County 285 

Plano, Kzkdall County 985 

Plymouth, Hancock County 386 

Polo, Ogle County 386 

PoNTiAc, LiviNGfiroN County 987 

PoEt BvHOH, Rock Island County 388 

Prairie City McDonodceICoijnty 988 

Princeton Bureau County 389 


Prophetstown, Whtteside County 290 

QuiNCY, Adahs County . * 3^ 

Ransom, La Salle County 294 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ CONTENTS ^1 


^^^^^V RANTom., Cbaupaion ConHTV \ 

-65 ^ 

^^^^^^B Rautan, Hekdebson County 



TI^^^^^H Rayuokd, Montcohzby Cocktv . 
F^^^^^H RxD Bud, Randolph Coxjstv 





^^^^H Richmond, CuutK Coukty . 



^5 ' 

^^^^H RicEuoN-D, McHekxt Couktv 


^^^^^1 RicH\-xEw, Washington Coukty . 



^^^^^1 Riverside, Cook County 



^^^^^1 Rivertok, Sangauon Coxtntv 






^^^^H Roberts, Fokc Couxty 



^^^^^1 Robinson, CRAnfORD County 



^^^^^1 RoctrpiJ^ Ogle County 



^^^^^P Rock Falls, Whiteside County . 



^^^^V RocKTORD, Winnebago County 



^^^^H^ Rock Island, Rock Island County 


^ a?' 

^^^^K Rock Run 


V >73 

^^^^H Rock Spuno, St. Clair Couhtv . 


■• >74 

\ ^^^^^M RocKTON, Winnebago County 


B- '75 

^^^^H Rockwell, La Salle County 



• »75 

^^^^H RooDHocsE, Grrrne County 



. 976 




. 276 

^^^^^1 RossviLLE, Vekuillion County 




,^^^^^H RusH^iLuc, ScHtnxEX County 




^^^^^f Rutland, La Sallg County 



St. Anne, Kankakee County 



St. Charles, Kane County 


. aSa 

St. Eluo, Fayette County . 


■ >83 

Saleu, Marion County 


. 183 

Sandoval, Makion County . 



Sandwich, De Kalb County 


. »84 

Savanna, Carroll County 


. »84 

Saybrook, McLean County 



Scottsville, Macoupin County . 


. 185 

SecoB, Woodford County . 


. 386 

Seneca, La Sat.t.t County . 


. s86 

Shabbona, Dk Kai-b County 


. .87 

Shannon, Caskou. County . 


. a88 

Sbawneetown, Gallatin County. 


. 388 

Shelbwille, Shelby County 


. 389 

Sheldon, Iroquois Counts' . 


. ago 

Sheridan, La Salle Coiwty 


- ago 

Shipuan, Macocpin County 



SoMONAUK, De Kalb County 

■ ^M 

• aw 

South CmcAco, Cook County 




Spabuu'd, Marsetau. Countv 
Sparta. Randolph Cout«ty . 


Stantobd, McI-eav County 
Staunton, Macoupin Codnty 
Steeleville, Randolph Countv 
Stekling. Whiteside County 
Stewajhtsoh, SaELBY County 
Stone Fobt, Saune County 
Streator, La Salle County 
Sullivan, Moultkie County 
SuuNER. Lawkence County 
Sycauoue, De Kalb Countt 
Tallula, Menard County . 
Tauaroa, Perry County 
Tampioo. Whiteside County 


Thompson, Cabeoll County 


Toledo, Cduberland County 
ToLONo, Chaupaign County 
ToNicA. La Salle County . 
Toulon, Stark County 
T^EMONT, Tazewell County 
Trenton, Cunton Countt . 
Troy, Madison County 
TuxKSB Junction, Dd Page Coumty 
Tuscola. Douglas County . 
Upper Alton. Madison County 
Uebana, Chaufaign County 
UncA, La Salle County 
Vandalia, Fayette County 
Varna, Marshall County 
Veeuont, Fulton County 
Versailles, Brown County 
Vienna, Johnson Couwtt 
ViBDEN, Macoupin County 
Virginia. Cask County 
Walnut, Bureau County 
Warren, Jo Davxess County 
Warsaw, Hancock County . 
Washburn, Woodford County 
Washinoton, Tazewell County 
Waterloo. Monroe County 
Watebkan. De Kalb County 






Watseka, Isoquois County 
Waukjegah, Laks Codnty 
Wavesly, Mokgan County . 
Wayme, Du Page County 
Wenona, Marshall County 
Wist Chicago, Code County 
Westtisld, Clauc County . 
Weston, McLean County . 
Wheaton, Du Page County 
White Hall, Gkbene County 
Wilmington, Will County . 
Winchester, Scx)tt County 
Windsor, Shelby County 
Woodford, Woodford County 
WooDHirtJ., Henry County . 
Woodstock, McHenry County 
Wyoming, Stark County 
Yates Cmt, Knox County . 
YoREViLLE, Kendall County 
Young America, Wabeen County 

Chicaoo Historical Society 

John Crerar Library 

Newberry Library . 

Chicago Pubuc Library 

State Historical Library 

University of Illinois Library 

Library of Congress 

Wisconsin Historical Society . 

Mercantile Library 

Boston Public Library 

American Antiquarian Socixty 

Lenox Library 

New York State Library 

Index to Newspafexs ■ 
Index to Names ... 
Index to Counties 




This introduction is the result of an effort to si 
historical background for the disconnected bibliograj 
material which forms the body of this work. It is fl 
tended as a history of the newspapers and periodic 
Illinois; but, as one of our county historians has sai 
newspaper lousiness with us has been a '* halcyon and 
erous proceeding," and some outline such as this ti^ 
needed to find the halcyon if not the vociferous in tl 
history of our newspapers and periodicals. Especiall 
purposed to deal with the beginnings in Illinois joum 
and to a less extent to suggest the relation of the news 
to the manifold successive elements that have entered 
making of the state — population, transportation, com 
cation, politics, education, and other materials and mt 
of economic and social development; and to record 
important tendencies and certain isolated facts nol 
conveniently accessible elsewhere. i 

The conditions under which the first Illinois news 
was established, in 1S14, included many disadvan 
which made any other than a meager and tenuous subsii 
for it impossible. The population was small and 1 
distributed ; the means of communication were merely 
mentary and frequently inoperative; and both mone 
labor were exceedingly scarce. That a newspapei 
started as early as 1814 was due not so much to busin 
to political reasons: there was United States and terri 




printing to be done; and the politicians of the territory, 
including a large proportion of the male population, were 
yearning toward statehood. 

The population of the territory of Illinois had increased 
slowly until i8i,^, but with the cessation of Indian raids after 
the close of the war of 1812, and the passage of the pre- 
emption act of 18 1 3, a new epoch in immigration began.' 
A land office was opened in Kaskaskia in 1814, and the influx 
of permanent settlers was much increased. The total popu- 
lation at that time may have been well toward twenty thou- 
sand, but it was thinly distributed. The village and vicinity 
of Kaskaskia, which in 1815 contained between seven hun- 
dred and one thousand persons, was least sparsely settled.' 
Gallatin, with Shawneetown as its chief village, was the most 
populous county on the cast side of the territory. As late 
as 1818 it contained but thirty-two hundred persons." 
Shawneetown, where the second paper in the state was 
established, numbered between thirty and forty families.* 

A fact that doubtless tended to hinder the beginning of 
newspapers in Illinois was the presence, on two sides of the 
populated area, of larger centers of population than any in 
Illinois: Vincennes on the east, and St. Louis on the west. 
In the first a newspaper had been established a full decade 
before the Illinois Herald was issued — so well established 
that it is still published ; in the second the Missouri Gazette 
began, in 1808^ a career which it has continued, under various 
names, to the present. Other papers helped to supply the 
needs of the Illinois settlers. In 1816 the citizens of Shaw- 

' Poolcy, Sfitletturnl 0} Illinois. l8ji>~t8so, p, ji8. 

* Edwards, History 0/ Illinois, 954. 

' DanA, Skf-tthes 0} iJte Western Country, 153. 

* Bui John Woods, in Two Years' Residence in the . . . Illinois Gauntry, 
Mf% that in 1819 Sbawneetowa was "a brislE place" and included about tightf 


neetown gave notice through the papers of Kaskj 
Frankfort (Kentucky), and Nashville (Tennessee), that 
would apply to the legislature of Illinois for the establishni! 
of a bank at that place.' These papers, supported by ; 
population of to%vns larger than any in the new territ^ 
doubtless delayed both the beginning and the spread 
newspapers in Illinois. J 

Means of communication were meager, primitive, t 
did not function with either despatch or regularity. 1 
earliest settlements were naturally on the waterway| 
the Wabash, Ohio, Mississippi, and Kaskaskia rivers. ] 
roads or mail routes were opened until 1805. The first rt 
route was established in that year from Vincennes to Ca 
kia;* the second from Vincennes to Shawneetown in 18 
In 1810 routes were established to St. Louis by way of K 
kaskia, Prairie du Rocher, and Cahokia; from Kaskas 
to Cape Girarrleau, by way nf St. Genevieve; from 
ville to Shavimeetown ; and in 1814 to Johnson Court 
(now Vienna). Over these routes mail was carried rej 
once or twice a week, except in bad weather, or when 
roads were impassable.' But it will appear later that e^ 
when the mail was regularly carried, the whole postal syst 
was so bad that regularity and promptness in the arrivaJ 
expected mail were never assured. 

The transportation of freight su6fered even more seri< 
vicissitudes than the distribution of the mail, and the pi 
pective publisher of the first newspaper may well have 
himself at some disadvantage in being as remote from I 
source of his supply of paper and equipment as was Kask 

• Bumham, Am Early lUineij Xrwspaptr, Pmbi. lU. State Hist. Soc., N« 
p. i8a. 

• Boggess, Settltment cf tUirtcit, r77j-/Jjo, p. 131. 
^ Ibid, 



kia from Cincinnati or Frankfort. All goods had to be 
carried down the Ohio on flatboats, and then poled up the 
Mississippi, or hauled overland by wagon. The rivers were 
frequently too high or too low for ease of navigation^ and the 
roads frequently offered insuperable difficulties. 

Such were some of the conditions in Illinois in 1814, when 
the first newspaper was established. Other circumstances 
and the changes that came with the growth of population will 
appear in the account of the papers of the first decade and 


The first period in the history of newspapers in Illinois, 
which begins with the founding of the Illinois Herald in 1814, 
closes naturally and conveniently with the momentous con- 
vention election held in August, 1824. In the first period 
of ten years five separate papers were established, and all 
continued until the election. 

1. Illinois Herald, established at Kaskaskia in 1814; re- 

named Westerfi Intelligencer in 1816; renamed lUinms 
Inklligen^er in 1818; followed the state capital to 
Vandalia in 1820. 

2. Illinois Emigrant, established in Shawneetown in 1818; 

renamed Illinois Gazette in 1819. 

3. Edwardsville Spectator, established at Edwardsville in 


4. Star of the Wesl^ established at Edwardsville in 1822; 

renamed Illinois Republican in 1823; discontinued 
at the time of the election in 1824. 

5. Republican Advocate, established at Kaskaskia early in 

1823; renamed Kaskaskia -Re/wWicon in 1824; con- 
tinued until 1825; revived early in 1826 as Illinois 
Reporter, and continued for about a year. 



It appears from this list that Illinois had but one terri- 
torial newspaper, which bore at successive times three various 
names. With the coming of statehood in 1818, a rival party, 
and therefore a rival newspaper, was inevitable. As early 
as the twenty-ninth number of this second paper, dated 
January 9, 1819, the Emigrant indicated that two newspapers, 
although they were as far apart as the limits fixed by nature 
and population would i>crmit, could not exist pacifically in 

The coming of the Illinois Emigrant indicated no shifting 
of the population; more significant was the advent of the 
Edwardsville Spectator in 1819. By this year the popula- 
tion of Madison County had increased to a number between 
four thousand and fifty-five hundred; EdwardsWlle, the 
county town, contained sixty or seventy houses, a courthouse, 
a jail, a bank, and a land-office. Alton, but a few miles 
away, had one hundred houses.' The new capital on the 
upper Kaskaskia was already projected by land speculators. 
In the next year the seat of government was moved, and with 
it the Illinois Intelligencer, to Vandalia. The other papers 
of the period were significant only as parties to the conven- 
tion struggle. 

Throughout this period from 1814 to 1824 the country 
was developed rapidly to the northward. The population 
had grown by 1820 to 55,21 1.* In 1814 there were nine 
post-offices in the territory, and three hundred and eighty- 
eight miles of post-roads.^* From that time both post-offices 

' Pooley. SatlemetU of tUinoii. 1830-1850, pp. 319-3x0. 

• V. S. Ctnsus Rtpoft. 1820. 

** Boggcas. SfttUmeni of Ulinais, 1775-1830, p. 131, Statt Paptrs, Ijfh Cong., 
jd Susi&H. 


and post-roads increased greatly." By 1819 a road was 
opened from ShawTiectown, by way of Carmi to Albion, in 
Edwards County. In February, 182 1 , the legislature author- 
ized the building of a turnpike road from the Mississippi 
opposite St. Louis, across the American Bottom to the bluffs. 
Edwardsville, Springfield, and Peoria were connected by a 
mail route in 1822; in the same year a road and a mail route 
were established between Vandalia and Springfield, over 
which the State Capital was soon to continue its migration 
to the northward," In the same year also, a direct path 
was established from Iroquois Post (now Iroquois) to Dan- 
ville. In 1824 this path was extended northward to Chicago, 
and southwest from Danville for one hundred and fifty miles," 
but no mail was carried over any part of this route until 
eight years later. Springfield was the northern terminus of 
the mail route early in 1823, and the next year Sangamon 
County was still almost entirely without ferries, bridges, or 
roads. Over most of these routes mail was carried once a 

River transportation had developed rapidly through the 
introduction of the steamboat. The Orleans had gone down 
the Ohio from Pittsburg in 181 1, the Washington in 1817. 
In 181 7 the first steamboat to touch a port on the upper 
Mississippi reached St. Louis; Galena saw its first steamboat 
in 1822. This was the field, and these were the means of 
communication in which and by which the newspapers of 

" In 1831 there were fifty-seven post-offices, but in 1833 mnd 1835 only fifty 
three. Until ifter the first decade, Shawneelown did more postal Im&incss rhan 
any other tows in Illinois, and in iSi'j it was the only poat-office in the state in 
which a clerk was employed. In tSai it did twice as much as Edwardsville, and 
four times as much as KJislLaskia. See U. S. Official Rtgitiert or *'Blu€ Books," 
for 1817-1825- 

*• Tlllson, Rtminisuncxs of Early Life in lUittcis, 54. 

" Boggess, SatUmetU of tHinois, 1775-1830, p. 158. 


the first decade served and were sen'ed. But the del 
the mail service and in the delivery of freight were so frei 
and so prolonged as to be to-day almost incredible. 
Illinois Emigrant Issued no number between June 23 
August 24, 1819, because paper shipped down the Oh: 
June 13th was delayed by low water and did not a 
until more than two months later. If this delay was 
fered by a paper nearest tlic source of supply and dii 
on the Ohio, more extended gaps might well be exp] 
in the other earJy files. On June 21, 1823, the /flj 
Gazette received through the post a New York Special 
November 22, 1822, a Richmond Enquirer of Deceml 
1822, and a Frankfort Commentator of January 2^ 
"Such is the wretched state of the mails west of the n: 
tains, and complaints and remonstrances seem unavl 
to improve it," remarked the editor. On this mail se 
the early western papers depended for their news of the 
side world. Hall, in the lllin&is Gazette^ pictures the, 
ation in 1821 thus: ^ 

"After a lapse of several weeks (three months, t 
exact) we are now enabled to resume the publication 
sheet. Paper (the want of which has been the cause c 
late interruption) was shipped for us early last fall, on I 
of a boat bound for St. Louis — to which place, owing [ 
ably to the forgetfulness of the master, it was carried 
has but just now come to hand. Our situation is such, 
our means so inadequate to guard against these occas 
interruptions, by laying in large supplies of paper, ink, 
at a time that we are more or less affected by every ch 
in the elements, or defalcation in individual promises, 
and low water it seems are equally our enemies ^ the c 
sure to delay the arrival of some article necessary tc 



prosecution of our labors, while the other hurries something 
of which we stand in the most pressing need, down the cur- 
rent beyond our reach. And high winds, and warm and 
cold weather, equally delight to make us their sport. But 
we assure our subscribers that however much they may regret 
missing a paper for a week, they cannot regret it more than 
we; for, after all, we are the only losers." More than five 
years had been required to complete four volumes. 

This uncertainty, especially in the freight service, lasted 
until long afterward. "You are doubtless waiting with 
some degree of impatience," wrote Hooper Warren to Ninian 
Edwards from Galena, July 6, 1829, "for the appearance 
of the Galena Advertiser. After waiting more than three 
weeks after my arrival, the materials from Springfield 
arrived from St. Louis. How they got there I have never 
learned. . . . WTicn we were elated with the certainty of 
getting out the paper immediately, we were astonished to find 
that the keg of ink had been left behind! I put it into the 
wagon myself at Springfield with the other materials sent to 
Beardstown on the Illinois. Dr. Philleo started down the 
river immediately, which was three weeks ago last Saturday, 
to look for it. We heard from liim by letter at the Lower 
Rapids on the 20th ult., at which time he had not found it, 
and was about to start down to St. Louis. We expect him 
by the next boat or stage." " In the next year, publication 
of the Illinois Monthly Magazine at Vandalia, the state 
capital, was considerably delayed by the failure of paper to 
arrive, and editor Hall gave this difliculty in tlie matter of 
transportation as one reason for removing the publication to 
Cincinnati. "We feel no inconsiderable regret," wrote the 
editor of the Illinois State Gazette and Jacksonxnlle News on 

'* Washbume, Edwards Papers, 40&-409. 


January 17, 1835, "at being compelled to an occasic 
suspension of our publication (o\\ing to a want of paj 
but the regret is lessened somewhat by the fact that 
paper in the state, with perhaps a single exception, has- 
fered like disappointments." The A^ews had then sul 
a suspension of three weeks. 

The general character of the newspapers of the per 
was political, the tone frequently controversial, but hig 
moral and often religious. As newspapers they would to-( 
be regarded, even from the point of view of the cour 
weekly, as sad efforts. Of political news, either state 
national, there was no lack, and the editors sometii 
showed considerable enterprise in securing h; but of Ic 
news in the present sense there was very little. Occasion^ 
some space was given to an account of an unusual mur 
in the vicinity, or an extraordinary rise or fall of the n\ 
but usually the remoteness of the event seemed to incre 
Its importance, and one finds more often an account of 
hop yield in Silesia than of the wheat crop in Illinois, j 
was easier to reset items from the eastern papers, when tl 
arrived, than to gather facts and compose original matte 
This was especially true in the frequent periods when 
politician who ran the paper was absent, and the work 1 
left to the itinerant and bibulous printer. | 

The editorial occupied a variable, but on the whole,' 
important place. These first five papers had pretty defii 
purposes, forwarded or achieved largely by the direct apf 
of the editorial, which, not infrequently in "parlous timi 

■• Sbawoeelotra wa« for many years the chief gaceway for emi^anti to SoutI 
IFIinuis, and a "port of call" for all the settlers bound for Missouri via the C 
River. Equipp«l with th« present newspaper reporter's xeal for news, the e< 
of the Gazette could have mode his paper a highly important record of the 3w 
tide of emigration to the land of proniiiie. Bui the record was not written, Poli 
maneuvers and quarrels were more importam than the incomioK population. 





of political conflict, filled one of the four small pages, and 
in a few instances overran even that ample room. Positive 
or controversial opinion was often expressed over an obvious 
but sufficient nam de plume, though quite as often the name 
of the editor was in itself a sufficient disguise for the individual 
or the interest behind the paper. Thus we find Sidney 
Breese writing to Governor Edwards: "If I continue en- 
gaged in politics, I am determined to make Gov. Reynolds 
choose between Smith and myself, in other words between 
the Crisis and the Democrat. Do give your views . . . 
editorially, thro' me, in the Democrat" " Yet R. K. Flem- 
ing was nominally editor, the paper was referred to by War- 
ren in the Galena Advertiser as "Fleming's paper," and not 
until almost a year later did suspicion appear in print that 
Breese was the actual editor. John McLean, in the lUinms 
Gazette for July 29, 1820, called Ninian Edwards the "actual 
editor of the Edwardsville Spectator^" nominally, and in fact, 
edited by Hooper Warren; and we find abundant evidence 
in Warren's letters to Edwards'' that in editing his papers 
Sangamo Spectator and Galena Advertiser, Warren was con- 
tinually under the influence of Edwards. Yet Warren was 
one of the strongest and most independent of the early 
editors, of quite a different sort from Fleming, and the yoke 
of obligation was burdensome to him." 

While in such cases the nominal editor was the spokes- 
man for some one else, there were other cases in which 
editorial utterances were disguised by means of an assumed 
name. Signed contributions occupied a large and important 
place in the early papers, as they have done, and still do, in 

**Eiwards Paptrs, 543, letter to Gov. Edw&rdi, dated September 31, 1830. 

" In Washburne. Edwards Papers. 

*• See Edwards Papers, 409. 410, 4x1, etc. 



kno\vlcdj;e of the subjw:t, which would rather make me 
appear ridiculous than otherwise." " 

Much of the space afforded by the lack of news was filled 
with "literature." "Want of room alone/' explains one of 
the earliest editors," "has prevented us from fulfilling an 
intention which we had early formed, of devoting a portion 
of our columns to literature. Our own resources at this 
insulated spot, where we can calculate on but little assistance 
and where we seldom receive new books, must of course be 
small; but the columns of many of the Eastern papers are 
tastefully variegated with those lighter productions which 
delight the fancy, and on them we may sometimes draw, for 
the amusement of our readers. But among our friends and 
neighbors there are, no doubt, many who might contribute 
something towards the amusement and instruction of others." 
And indeed, to the many cultural e.xcerpts from the taste- 
fully variegated columns were added stories, poems, and 
essays by friends and neighbors. John Russell, Morris 
Birkbeck, and James Hall wrote often for those earliest 
papers, and made of them sources not to be overlooked by 
those who would know the early agriculture, horticulture, 
society, education, and politics, as well as literature of Illinois. 
Out of the somewhat haphazard occasional use of this kind 
of material in the first papers there grew a well established 
custom of devoting certain columns to such matter, a custom 
that has persisted even to the present in some localities. 
These earlier productions, however crude, had individuality, 
vigor, and genuineness not to be found in the sapless tabloid 
material now supplied in plates at a dollar and a quarter a 

*= Washbume, Ed'-tfcrds Papers, 12$. 

" James H*l] in tUinns Gattttt, July 99, 1830. 


The business of publishing a newspaper in the early d 
was poor enough at best, and the publisher had a hard str 
gle to make a living. The initial cost of a plant was sna 
and the expense of maintenance was low, but the sources 
income were correspondingly meager, iiad there been 
public printing and no politicians who felt the need 
"organs," probably no early paper could have lived a ye 
for the subscribers were few and the advertisements yield 
little income. * 

The first cost of establishing a plant seems to have vari 
from four hundred to a thousand dollars, according to t 
amount of type the publisher felt necessary. The cost 
maintenance was small. In many instances one man c 
all the work: seldom were more than two employed on o 
paper. Usually, it seemsj a lawyer or other ambitious pers 
wishing to start a paper found a printer, furnished the pla: 
editorials, and some of the news, and left the printer to soli 
advertising, gather ''items," make selections of news a: 
"elegant miscellany" from the exchanges, set type, a 
"run off" and deliver the paper. 

Public printing was a boon to the three earliest pape 
and no doubt did much to prolong their careers beyond t 
average length. This was especially true of the first a 
the most successful, which was established at an opportu 
time. There was a great and growing territory rapic 
being settled by ambitious pioneers; there was an increasi 
body of laws, with no newspaper in which to print thei 
there was the United States printing patronage to be secun 
as well as the official job-work. A law in force May 2 1, i8] 
declared that "whereas, it is provided . . . that advertL 
mcnts should be inserted in some public newspaper pu 
lished in the territory . . . ; and whereas, there is at tl 



time no newspaper printed in this territory:" " such adver- 
tisements should be inserted in "some of the newspapers 
published in the Louisiana Territory." The act was to 
remain in force "until a newspaper is established and pub- 
lished in this territory and no longer." " 

The privilege of printing the United States laws was of 
relatively great value and was eagerly sought. An act to 
authorize the publication of the laws in two newspapers in 
each territory was passed but three or four months after the 
first paper in Illinois was established." In 1818 the number 
of papers to be favored was increased to three, and the 
matter to be published was made to include not only the 
laws, but resolutions, public treaties, and amendments to 
the constitution." By this act the compensation was fixed 
at tile rate of one dollar for each printed page of the pam- 
phlet in which the copy was furnished, a page not far from 
the size of standard law books to-day. 

The minimum number of subscribers on which a paper 
could be run seems to have been fixed by Hooper Warren 
when he wrote to Ninian Edwards in 1828 that the Sangamo 
Spectator had but 170 subscribers, of which probably a third 
would withdraw when the year was up, and that nothing 

" This conclusively correcis Reynolds' sUlcmenl that the lUinah Herald was 
established in iSoq, aa error handed down to the present time. (See Doggess, 
SeUlement of tUinoU, i775-:8.^o, p. 132, for the latest instance.) 

* Mv<Ri\, Lav/to! iiu Territory 0} llUnoit, i^o^iMi', Btdlttin lU. StaU Hist. 
Library, 1, No. 3. 

*• Approved November at, 1814. 

* .'Vet approved April ao, 1818. The number of papers to be used in each slate 
and territory w.vt changed (o two in 1846; the practice was discutitinurd in March, 
1875. The amount of income derived intra this .lourcc varied. The first Of^ciai 
Rjigisttr to give the names of the printers of the Iaw3 and the amount* that they 
were paid (tnat of 18^13) gives Ji77.oo fur the (irit sc*uon and $91.00 for the second. 
These amounts were much smoilcr than those paid previously. An incidental 
benefit accrued fmm olTicial favor, There was much printing to he done for the 
Department of State and of War and the Post Office I>epartnientf and the news- 
paper puhEixhen cjftrn received from such sources two or three times the amount 
paid for pubUahin;; the laws. 





could sustain the paper but new type and its enlargement 
Four hundred subscribers were considered a satisfactc 
number, although one finds vain boasting here and thf 
that with proper help from all friends this or that pa 
could increase its list to a thousand. 

Advertisements were few, seldom filling one-fourth 
the paper, and the rates were low. Of these early adv< 
tisemcnts, those of taverns, whiskey, town-sites, and ru 
away negroes arc found most frequently. The last named 
found in surprising numbers, not only in the first decade, t 
on down to the Civil War, many bearing the little woodti 
of a negro with his bundle which so impressed Miss Mi 
tineau, and nearly all oflfering a reward of one cent for t 
fugitive's return. Prospectuses of new papers, and advi 
tisements of eastern, especially Washington, papers we 
numerous. These, together with notices of Philadelph 
New York, and Boston magazines grew in frequency un 
the middle of the century, when the use of the telegrai 
began to shift the whole newspaper situation. I 

Subscribers and advertisers would have been of mc 
value to the struggling publishers if they had paid, but ve 
often they didn't pay. In the case of nearly all early papt 
the subscription price if paid in advance was a dollar low 
than if paid at the end of the year, but from the freque 
appeals for money on account, one surmises that the su 
scribers found a way to save more than the one dollar. Th 
were appealed to in prose and in verse, they were cajok 
praised, lectured, and denounced. Money was wretched 
scarce, but almost any commodity was acceptable. A fi 
list of what the printers offered to receive would be an i 

" Bd-Mirds Papers, .1 lo. After tht Spectator had been sold to Meredith, W 
RQ wrote: "Had not this contract been tnade it is probable the paper would hi 
died a natural deAth." P. 364. 


ventory of the daily needs of the pioneer. The publishers 
of the lUin&is Gazette announced that they would receive 
in pa3ancnt of subscriptions^ clean linen and cotton rags; 
in payment for subscriptions and advertisements, bacon, 
tallow, beeswax, and feathers. Later, hides, deerskins, 
and pork were also acceptable. Had there been no laws to 
be printed and no politicians to have organs, however, even 
prompt payment of subscription and advertising accounts 
would hardly have kept tlie papers alive, or have brought 
about the somewhat surprising fact that in the first decade 
no Illinois paper died through lack of support. 

The climax of this 6rst period was reached in the con- 
vention campaign which began in February, 1823, and ended 
on the first Monday in August, 1824. The newspapers had 
a more important place in that contest than in any other 
important political event in Illinois. They were owned or 
controlled by leaders in the fray, and in the columns of the 
few that arc left one can follow the shifts of o\vnership and 
editorship, the shading off or brightening up of this or that 
aspect of the main question or of contributory questions, 
can catch the tense earnestness of spirit with which the oppo- 
nents struggled, and get much of the violence of invective 
and abuse which one finds nowadays nowhere except in a 
municipal campaign. 

From the beginning until well on in 1823 the papers were 
divided mainly on local issues and on men. The slavery 
question was already looming, but not large, though there 
had been more or less discontent ever since the passage of 
the Missouri Compromise, and the parties to the coming 
struggle were becoming defined. "The anti-convention 

party," says Governor Ford ,' 

" History o) lUincis, 53-S4' 

"established news- 



papers to oppose the convention; one at Shawneetown, 
edited by Henry Eddy; one at Edwardsville, edited by 
Hooper Warren, with Gov. Coles, Thomas Lippincott, 
George Churchill, and Judge Lockwood, for its principal 
contributors; and finally, one at Vandalia, edited by DaWd 
Blackwell, the Secretary of State. The slave party had 
established a newspaper at Kaskaskia, under the direction 
of Mr. Kane and Chief Justice Reynolds; and one at Ed- 
wardsville edited by Judge Smith; and both parties pre- 
pared to appeal to the interests, the passions, and the intelli- 
gence of the people. The contest was mixed up with much 
personal abuse; and now was poured forth a perfect lava 
of detraction, which, if it were not for the knowledge of the 
people that such matters are generally false or greatly exag- 
gerated, would have overwhelmed and consumed all men's 
reputations . . . The whole people, for the space of 
eighteen months, did scarcely an>1hing but read newspapers, 
handbills and pamphlets, quarrel, argue, and wrangle with 
each other." It is a source of wonder that long after these 
events had passed Governor Ford could record that but one 
duel had been fought in Illinois." 

The Edwardsville Spectator was the first paper in the 
state to come out against slavery' in Illinois, and to oppose 
all measures and men that seemed to favor a change 
in the direction of slaver)'. The paper was probably con- 
trolled by Ninian Edwards; it was the mouthpiece of a 
coterie of strong men, and under Hooper Warren's editorship 
it pursued a steady and consistent poHcy that made it the 
most influential paper in the state. Until early in 1824 it 
was alone in its opposition to any encroachments of slavery 
interests. Other papers were less stable, shifted policies, and 

* Hiatary 0} tUinoia, 54. 



until late in the campaign did not assume the positions 
which they were in at the close." 

The Illinois Gazette favored the convention, but was so 
near the fence, and gave space to such free discussion of both 
sides, that writers on this bit of Illinois history have given 
accounts of its position in direct conflict with each other. 
A somewhat extended statement of the paper's position is 
given here in an effort to settle the question. Governor Kord 
has said that the Gazette was against the convention; Gov- 
ernor Coles, that it was for it." These t^\'o authorities have 
been the source of endless conflicting statements, and other 
contemporary writers, like Hooper Warren and George 
Flower, have contributed. In his History of the English 
Settlement in Edwards County, Flower asserts, and offers 
substantial proof, that the paper was pro-convention, while 
the editor, E. B. Washbume, furnishes the information in 
a foot-note, that Eddy, editor of the Gazette^ was against 
the convention. 

Henry Eddy and A. W. Kimmel conducted the Gazette 
until May 22, 1820, when their partnership was dissolved 
and James Hall became Eddy's partner and the editor. 
Hall at once acknowledged his ignorance of Illinois politics 
and chose a neutral course for his paper. This course he 
reaffirmed, when, in printing a letter from Daniel P. Cook 
relative to some poHtical charges. Hall said editorially, *'We 

** .\& late as April 33, 1833, Governor Coles wrote to Nicliolas Uiddic his belief 
thtC the Kiiskaslcia Refntblican would stand against the convention. Ten days 
earlier he liad written to Richard Flower and Morris Birkbeck mif^ftestiiig that they 
take the Initiative in starting ao anti -convention paper at Albion. See Washbume, 
SktUh ef Governor Cates. 

" " Unfortunately for the friends of freedom, four out of five of the newspapers 

f^rinteIl in this state are opposed to them; and the onlv pie»s whose editor u in 
ftvor of frecdum, although a pretty smart editor, has rendered himwif unpopular 
with many of his foolish and passionate attacks upon many pFotiiinent men on his 
side of the qu«tion." Coles to Biddle, Sciitcmbcr 18, 1833. In Washljumc, 
Sketch 0} Coventor Coles, 160. 



wish it to be distinctly understood that we have not forsaken 
the neutral ground which we have thought proper to assume 
with regard to the ensuing election. Our colunins are open 
to all communications temperately written, to which the 
authors place their names, or for which they are willing to 
be accountable. This is the only course which, situated as 
we are, completely in the dark with regard to the state of 
parties, and the merits of candidates, we could with any 
degree of propriety pursue." This position Hall held con- 
sistently for nearly two years, although he was suspected of 
sympathy \Wth the advocates of slavery extension. Hooper 
Warren accused him of such sympathy in 1820 because of an 
editorial in which Hall suggested a disparity between Illinois 
and the states of Kentucky and Missouri, caused by the 
great advantage which the last two had over the first from 
the privilege of holding slaves. Hall denied that what he 
said referred in any way to the political situation in Illinois, 
or that it was meant, as Warren charged, to favor the election 
of E. K. Kane."' Two weeks later," in printing a letter 
from Morris Birkbcck who uttered a word of warning to his 
fellow citizens lest they elect pro slavery oflicials, Hall de- 
plored the fact that the question of slavery should be brought 
up. "From this slate," he said, "it [slavery] is excluded; 
it cannot now be introduced; and were an attempt to be 
made for that purpose we should be among the first to oppose 
so material a change in our constitution." A change of 
attitude is hardly concealed in the following, however: 
April 6, 1822, a communication appeared announcing that 
the subject of the introduction of slaves into Illinois was in 
agitation in Union and Jackson counties. "Great exer- 

'* llUnois GatMt, July as. i8». 
" Ibid, August 5, 1820. 



tions," said the editor, ''will, in al! probability, be used to 
procure a call for a convention to reconsider the important 
provision, in our constitution, against slavery. . . . Good 
cause must be shown before the people will consent to a 
proposition so pointedly opposed to their former sentiments. 
Let those who advocate the measure exhibit their manifesto, 
that the people 'may the better judge.' Our Gazette is at the 
service of all who choose to make it the medium of temperate 
discussion, on this or any other subject, except such as in- 
volve the deadly rancour of political pariies and partisans, 
or the more baneful and unforgiving hate of theological 
dogma. At present we shall take no part in the slave 
question, reserving the right to enter the lists at a future 
opportunity, should we so determine." 

SL\ months later Hall became involved in an acrimonious 
political dispute with Daniel P. Cook, who was a close 
political friend of Eddy, and a schism arose which resulted 
in the dissolution of the partnership of Hall and Eddy in 
November. No matter touching on slavery appeared until 
March, when an account of a meeting held at Jonesboro 
told that Alexander P. Field introduced a resolution which 
proposed an cfTort to elect members of the legislature who 
would recommend a convention for altering and amending 
the constitution. There was no editorial comment, and no 
mention of slavery. On March 8, Eddy strongly repro- 
bated the seating of Shaw, but, unlike Berry, made no 
reference to slavery. Berry's "Extraordinary Legislative 
Proceedings*'" was reprinle<l from the Illinois Intelligencer 
without criticism. Erom March, 1823, until August, 1824, 
the columns of the GazeUf were crowded with communica- 
tions on the convention and the slavery questions. In that 

■• Sec p. xlvU. 



period Birkbeck^s Jonathan Freeman letters were printed 
and other articles on the same side. No one of these was 
left unanswered by the opponents, but the paper kept almost 
clear of the controversy, only once venturing to express the 
prevailing opinion of that part of the state. In the following 
editorial, printed June 14, 1823, the Gazette^ according to 
George Flower, "showed the cloven hoof". 

"The vote of the last legislature, recommending the case 
of a new convention, seems to have produced a good deal of 
excitement in the western part of the state, and to have called 
forth already some pretty warm discussion. In this quarter, 
as yet, we have heard but little said on the subject, owing 
probably to the great degree of unanimity which prevails in 
favor of the measure. The people in this part of the state 
(in this and adjoining counties particularly) have too great 
an interest at stake in keeping up the manufacture of salt 
at the saline, to be easily diverted from the course they intend 
to pursue by making the question turn upon the propriety 
or impropriety of introducing negro slaver>'. They aie 
persuaded that unless the time can be enlarged, during which 
the slaves of the neighboring states can be hired to labor at 
the furnaces, the works, after the year 1S24, must be aban- 
doned, and this main source of revenue to the state be lost; 
besides all the advantages which they individually derive 
from the market, which, when in operation, those works 
create. The people in this part also, in common with others 
in all parts of the state, desire an amendment of the con- 
stitution in other particulars wherein it has been found 
defective, and many (we are far from concealing it) are in 
favor of the introduction of slavery, either absolute, as it 
exists at present in the slave-holding states, or in a limited 
degree — that is to say, to exist until the children bom after 



its admission shall arrive at a certain age, to be fixed by the 

When Coles secured control of the Intelligencer, the Ga- 
zette remarked, "Notwithstanding we have a high respect 
for the former editors, and the manner in which they executed 
their editorial functions, we cannot but hope that the Intelli- 
gcttcer will henceforth be conducted in a course, so as not to 
warrant any person in saying it disgusts tke communiiy.^^^ 
The situation is most clearly revealed in one sentence printed 
August 7. The Gazette had vigorously supported Cook as 
candidate for Congress in opposition to Bond, although 
Cook was a strong anli-slavery man. No doitbt the enmity 
which Eddy incurred by doing all in his power to defeat the 
pro-slavery Bond caused many supporters of the convention 
to regard Eddy as opposed to them on that proposition also. 
But that his loyalty to Cook in no wise influenced his s>'m- 
pathy for the convention is fairly indicated in his remark- of 
August 7: "The convention question is lost — principally, 
we believe, from the effort made by Governor Bond's friends 
to force him upon its supporters, against the declared prefer- 
ence of Mr. Cook.'* 

It is clear from the pages of the paper itself that the 
Gazette favored the convention. But it is more obvious that 
Eddy opened his columns freely to both parties in the dis- 
cussion, that he was as nearly non-committal as an editor 
well could be, and that his course was in striking contrast 
with that of Hooper Warren and his Spectator on one hand, 
and Theophilus Smith and the Illinois Repttblican on the 

'*IU,Caseil£,J\xae 14. iSaj- Sec Gcorxc Fitm-M, Hitl. of Engliik Seitlrmtnl in 
Edwards Co., 253. No copy of the CauUe oi this dt}e ii Freierved. 
"Msy 39, 1824. 




The Illinois Intelligencer, before the beginning of the 
fight, was inclined to ignore the slavery question; its owners 
up to February 15, 1823, Wm. H. Brown and William 
Berry, were on opposite sides. In the number for February 
15, however, there appeared a scathing editorial, entitled 
"Extraordinary Legislative Proceedings/' denouncing the 
legislature " for its playing fast and loose with the Pike 
County members in order to gain the one vote necessary to 
call for a ballot on the convention. To this editorial Wil- 
liam Berry appended a note. "The above 'extraordinary 
legislative proceedings' have been published by my partner, 
Wm. H. Brown, Esq., without my approbation, and shall 
be answered next week." In the issue for the next week 
Robert Blackwell's name replaced Brown's, and signed edi- 
torials from all three participants set forth their respective 
views. Under Blackwell and Berry the paper was less 
partizan, but was friendly to the convention faction." 

At some time between March 19 and May 7, 1824, Berry 
disposed of his interest nominally to David Blackwell, 

" This editori&l broii;;h[ about the only threat 1 have found of lefislative action, 
and the fini instance i>f mob raenact, aniast aa IlUoois newipapcr. Oo Monday. 
February 17, iSa,^, Mr. Field, of Union Counlf, moved the adoption of ihe following 
resolution; "That the Editors of the tiHntns IntetHgmc^ be requested forthwith 
lo inform thU Hou» who is the author of a iiicce which appeared in thdr last 

Eaper, signed A, li and which charfjes thr Lc^slaturc with corruption and dis- 
Qnesty." The reaohition passed, and there the matter ended. Public feeling 
outside of the legislature was so much aroused that a mob collected in front oj the 
office of the newspaper and thw-atenrd lo destroy the press and other cf^uipmenl- 
But this demonstration proceeded no further toward results than the legislature 
itself had gone. 

" James H. Perkins, AnnaUe} the West, appendix, 7"J»-793, says: "The paper 
(al Vandalia) that performed the public printinR, was the strong garrison (of the 
convention party in Oeccmbcr, 1833). On the morning of the meeting of the con- 
vention parlv Ifwlers this citndcl surrendered to their opponents, hoisted the anti- 
convention fUg, and prepaj«d to pour f^-ipesbot into their ranks. . . . Governor 
Coles had purchased an interest in the press; David Blackwell, Esq.. of Belleville, 
had been appointed secretary of stale, to fil) a vacancy and conduct the paper as 

This is inaccurmte. David Blackwell did not become editor until after March. 



though Governor Coles was the real buyer." With this 
change the InielUgeHcer became an active opponent of the 
convention; David Blackwell in his "prospectus," printed 
May 14, asserted that he would give his uniform opposition 
to the convention. And he did so. 

The lUhwis Republican and the Republican Advocate 
(later the Kaskaskia Republican) were less permanent ele- 
ments in the early newspaper field, and did little more than 
contribute to the campaign discussions of 1823-24. The 
Illinois Republican at Edwardsville was established by a 
Pcnnsylvanian named Miller, and his son. Their coming 
was opportune; a paper to oppose the Spectator was much 
desired, and a group of citizens, including Theophilus W. 
Smith, furnished some necessary money to aid the under- 
taking. From the beginning the paper favored the pro- 
slavery party; when the convention campaign opened, it 
passed into the hands of Thomas J. McGuire and Company, 
and became the organ of the convention party," with Smith 
as virtual editor, aided by William Kinney, West, and others. 
Smith was a smooth, graceful, and plausible writer. His 
articles were polished and of considerable literary merit, but 
he was not the equal of his rival. Hooper Warren. No other 
papers in the campaign fought at such close quarters, or 
with such direct personal animosity and bitterness as these 
two at Edwardsville. Yet the editors went only once out- 
side of their editorial columns and their offices to flay their 
opponents. Their pens were facile and forcible. 

The Republican Advocate was established at Kaskaskia 
by Elias Kent Kane and Governor Reynolds, at first under 

" Washbumc, Sketch o] Coventor Coles, 167. 

* An intcrwting sidelight is thrown on this tnuisaclion in Governor Edwards's 
me«sai;e (o the legislature in 1826, and in a letter to Hency I. MiJIs. See Edwards 
Paptrs, 270. 



the nominal editorship of Robert K. Fleming, the printer; 
in January, 1824, in the heat of the campaign in which the 
paper supported the convention party, it was transferred to 
William Orr. Orr renamed it Kaskaskia Republican in 
March, 1824, and continued the paper until early in 1825, 
but the collapse of his cause deprived him of most of his 
support. In reviving his journal in 1826 under the title of 
Illinois Reporter, Orr remarke<i philosophically that he had 
been "taught by experience that his course in the political 
field should not be permitted to transcend the limits of 
temperate remark," and added, with something further of 
philosophy, that "extreme violence in political discussions, 
or unrestrained vituperation of those with whom we cannot 
coincide in matters of opinion, should not be indulged in." 

How much the newspapers affected the results of the 
campaign can hardly be estimated. Two out of the five 
were against the convention, and the convention was de- 
feated; but in three of the four counties in wliich the papers 
were published, the convention faction won. St. Clair 
County voted against the convention, 506 to 408, and the 
result has been credited very largely to the vigorous efforts 
of the Spectator; Fayette County returned 125 for to 121 
against; in Gallatin, where Eddy made his timid stand, 
597 for to 133 against showed the temper of the southeast 
section of the slate; in Randolph 357 were for and 284 
against the proposal. 

The engine of the press finished the first period of its 
career under forced draft and high pressure, as it were. In 
the columns of these pioneer papers the early life of the state 
lies revealed frankly and realistically. The editors or 
contributors included nearly all the leaders in public life, 
and like the leaders, the papers were strongly partizan. 



But the partizanship was obvious and sincere; the earnest- 
ness with which cither party advocated its cause is still 
refreshing; and in this earnestness with which the charge 
was made and repulsed and the countercharge brought forth, 
there are the simplicity and the strength of the pioneers of 
a great commonwealth. When the campaign was over the 
papers lost their strongest writers and much of their patron- 
age. One was discontinued; the others entered the next 
period weakened in character and in influence. 

FROM 1824 TO 1840 

The period from 1824 to 1840, although somewhat arbi- 
trarily limited, extends from the great convention contest to 
the most exciting presidential campaign, relative to news- 
paper activity, before i860. It is also a formative period, 
in which almost every subsequent phenomenon of increase, 
congregation^ and distribution of population was begun or 
indicated ; and in which several types of periodicals were 

In 1824 nearly the whole of the northern two-thirds of the 
state was included in five counties. The military bounty 
land tract was divided between Pike and Fulton ; Sangamon, 
Fayette, and Edgar included their present territories and all 
that part of the state to the north of them and south of the 
Illinois river and the lower edge of Lake Michigan. By 
1840, though fifteen counties were set apart subsequently, 
the county organization was practically what it is to- 

The chief movement of population in the early part of 
the period was the rapid peopling of the valley of the Illinois 
river, of the prairies of the central part of the state, and of 

** B/iM Bouk 0} the Sloif. 0} lUinois, 1905, pp. 414-4JO. 



the Fever river lead region in the vicinity of Galena.*^ The 
greatest immigration into Central Elinob occurred in 1827 
and 1828; from the end of the Black Hawk War until the 
financial disturbances in 1837 there was rapid growth along 
the Illinois river. Springfield, which was established in 1819, 
had a population numbering between six hundred and eight 
hundred in 1830; Jackson\-ille was of about the same size. 
The population of Sangamon County at that time was over 
forty-two thousand; that of the militarj' tract was about 
thirteen thousand; Adams County was the most thickly 
settled district in that now populous area, and Quincy, 
the county town, contained perhaps two hundred persons. 
Peoria, whose first permanent settlers arrived in 1S19, 
grew with great rapidity. Peoria County had been organ- 
ized in 1825 with a population of twelve hundred thirty- 
six; Galena counted a popularion of about two thousand, 
and the county more than t^^^ce that number. After 1834 
the objective point for immigrants to Illinois was Chicago, 
where many stayed, and from which point the whole northern 
part of the state was peopled. This movement was checked 
by the financial depression beginning in 1837, but revived 
a^in in 1842. 

Transportation facihties improved rapidly. Steam navi- 
gation on the Illinois river began in 1828, and on Lake Michi- 
gan in 1832. By 1830 nearly every important point in Illi- 
nois could be reached in a reasonably short time, since steam- 
boats departed almost daily for all IIHnois points along the 
Mississippi, and others plied up and down the Illinois. 

**In llic fall of 1835 ihe Wtslern Emporium. p\ib\\shed ■( Centcndlle. Indiana, 
estimalcd thai between one bundrcil and onf hundred twenty wagons loaded with 
families and ejects passrd through that town in bltccn days on their way to Illinois. 
cbieSj* to the northern f>&rts. It tjelirv- d thai as many mon had passed through 
Bnwksvillc, Lawrencebuix. etc. 



Roads, also, were improved and extended." In 1824 a stage 
line led from St. Louis to Mncennes;" by 1830 trips were 
marie three times a week over this route, touching Belleville, 
Lebanon, Carlyle, MaysviUe, and Lawrenceville.** A stage 
went once a week from St. Louis to Vandalia by way of 
Edwardsville and Greenville; and once a week to Galena 
by way of Edwardsville, Springfield, and Peoria. In 1836 
a line of wagons was established between Chicago and Kan- 
kakee, where connection was made for the Illinois river; 
three years later a stage line operating between Chicago and 
Galena made the trip in two days. 

Four newspapers sur\'ived the convention campaign, to 
connect the preceding wlh the period now being considered. 
To these were added one hundred and fifteen new journal- 
istic ventures, and thirty-one others that belong to a most 
difficult class, based on a sort of incorporeal hereditament; 
papers with new names or old names, but related more or 
less mythically with preceding publications. An attempt 
to follow the wandering titles and peripatetic subscription 
lists of many of these early papers carries the investigator 
too near the psychical for any practical purposes of record. 
However, of these one hundred and sixty that had exist- 
ence in these sixteen years, but fifty-two remained for the 
census enumerator in 1840, several of which were but 
temporary campaign sheets." 

** Tbc General .\s3eTably id 1830 passed many la^vs e»tablishin^ new roads, 
and shortening and improving others. Some of the more importnni hiKliways 
authorized at that session were: One (mm the west bank of the Wabash opposite 
Vinccnnc5, to Chicago, thraugh Palcslinr, York, Darwin, Paris, and Danville; 
one from Sprinj;fi.cld to Rock Island via Sanjiamontown, New Salem, Miller's 
Ferry, Havana, and Lcwislon; one from Pckin to Vermillion County; and one from 
Alton to Galena, yia Cairoillon, Whitehall, Jacksonville, Bairdatovrn (sic), Rushville 
and Macomb. 

* Davidson and Sluv<. History of lUinma, 35a, 

•* Peck, GoMetUer of lUinoh, tS^y, p, 325, sars thai stages ran each way on alter- 
nate day.4 over this route, and twice a week between Snawnectown and Carlyle. 
See also Mitchell, lUinois in iS^?, p- 66- 

"See fourth paragraph lubjeq. 



The geographical distribution of the papers established 
in this period is of much signiiicance. WTiereas in the first 
decade no paper was projected in territory farther to the 
north than Vandalia, two years later the Miner's Journal 
appeared at Galena, two hundred miles northward; in the 
next year the Sangamo Spectator was established at Spring- 
field; Jacksonville followed in 1830 with the WesUrn 
Observer, Mton in 1832 with the Spectator, and Chicago 
with the Democrat in 1833. Add to these the Chronicle and 
Bounty Land Advertisery begun at Beardstown in 1833, the 
Enquirer, set up in the same year at Danville, on the eastern 
edge of the central belt of the state, the Illinois Champion 
attd Peoria Herald in the north central section, 1834, and 
the Bounty Land Register, begun in 1835 at Quincy, on the 
extreme western side, and the limits of distribution have 
been reached. What remained now was but the filling in of 
the spaces between these remote points, and much of this was 
accomplished within the period. 

The filling in process was urged to abnormal activity by 
the grand internal improvement scheme. No fewer than 
nineteen newspapers were established in towns along the 
Illinois river and the canal route, including Alton and ex- 
cluding Chicago, between 1836 and 1840. But as no part 
of the state was left out of this comprehensive scheme, papers 
grew, declined, and died in all parts of the state. Yet aside 
from the impetus of the improvement scheme there was the 
spirit of the time that made for recklessness. Immigration 
and speculation were abnormally augmented, settlers were 
pouring into the state, town sites were being laid out on all 
sorts of theories of future development. A contemporary 
editor has given an explanation of the newspaper situation 
that doubtless is true. 



"The establishment of newspapers appears to be a lead- 
ing characteristic of the present age. So great is the rage 
for getting up papers, that the patronage necessary for their 
maintenance is thought a secondar>* consideration, if, indeed, 
it is not deemed of too little consequence to elicit even a 
passing enquiry. Is there a town or city in embryo, with 
its plat designated, its streets and alleys, and public grounds 
marked out, having within its bounds some half a dozen 
houses, a tavern, a store, and a blacksmith shop ?^ its 
crowded population and wealth and greatness are seen in 
perspective, and a press is wanted, the sacrifice of some poor 
printer is demanded, to magnify its beauties, extenuate its 
faults, transform its ver}' evils into blessings, and give 
assurance to the world of, not what it is, but what it is to be. 
Is there a little \TlIage, with its political parties or factions in 
array? — the one must have its paper to promulgate its 
doctrines and vindicate its rigiits; and anon the opposing 
party, having in their imagination great principles and im- 
portant interests at stake, must also have its organ through 
which it can be heard, that the encroachments of contending 
power may be stayed. Is there a wealthy and ambitious 
demagogue, grasping for office as the only means of obtain- 
ing a short-lived and perchance an unenviable distinction? 
— the press is the great lever by which he is to consummate 
his wishes. Is there a lawyer, brief in years, brief in legal 
acquirements, with professional prospects briefless, the press 
is the fulcrum upon which his last hope for political prefer- 
ment is based — the all-powerful engine by which he is to 
elevate himself to the summit of his imaginary glory, to the 
highest goal of his ambitions,— and straight the learned 
Theban mounts the editorial tripod, and with more than 


sibylline gravity utters forth his oracles of political wisdom 
to a benighted world."'* 

The presidential campaign of 1840 brought into being 
a large number of papers. Of the seventeen established in 
1839, six may reasonably be considered campaign ephemera, 
which were discontinued in 1840 or 1841, or, finding evidence 
of permanent support, changed their titles to indicate their 
altered character. In 1840 such papers as Sucker, Spirit of 
'7*5, Stn>ereign People, lUitwis Free Trader, Old Hickory^ 
and Old Soldier were started merely as campaign sheets; 
and there were at least twelve others primarily of the same 
character. Sixteen of the thirty new or refurbished down- 
state papers established in 1840 ended with the campaign 
or within the following year. 

In tone the papers were not materially different from 
those of the preceding period. There were, to be sure, a 
good many very poor sheets, of a colorless, neutral tone, the 
forerunners of the abject bread-getters, never exalted to the 
dignity of bread-earners, which became widely prevalent in 
the decade from 1870 to 1880. But more of the papers 
were run by men of backbone and brains — proportions 
varying. Politics continued to be the primary interest, and 
the political tone was nothing softened since 1824. No 
presidential contest in Illinois produced more violent news- 
paper utterances than that of 1840. It was a campaign 
especially to the taste of the settlers in the young, crude state, 
and the inhabitants entered the lists without reserve, and 
with sufficient vocabularies. Witness this following, from 

* Illinois State Gotette 6* JacksonviUf. Nrun. May v. iS^j. The promptnw* 
with which Dcwtpaipen wen: set up in incipient villAf(cs is well iUustnted in the 
c&w of Grafton. The first seltlen built tht^ir caliia^ in iSja, streets wrre hud out 
in 1336, and John Ruaacit published the Backwoodsman there in tSj);. 



the VandaJia Free Press, edited by William Hodge, for 
July 27, 1838 (extra): 


A "Mousing Grimalkin" for President! 

A practical amalgamator, his vicel 

A Taney Federalist in the chair of Marshall. 

A Secretary of the Treasury whose financial blunders 
would disgrace a schoolboyl 

An Attorney General who has yet to leam the first rudi- 
ments of political honesty! 

A sen'ile Senate fawning at the footstool of Puss's throne! 

Hodge was not a fair representative of the Illinois news- 
paper men of his day, perhaps, but however the papers 
differed in degree, they were alike in being strong party 
organs, one-sided, and never independent. 

The strong bias that seemed to be demanded of the news- 
papers of the time, the bias that fed the party or factional 
spirit, at the same time reduced the power of the papers. 
'Newspapers at present have but little influence," wrote 
Hooper Warren in 1828." "The readers are few, and 
these are taught to believe that all that appears in a news- 
paper is a lie, of course." At this same.time De Tocqueville 
remarked the small influence of American papers," and 
Harriet Martineau had never heard any one <lcny the prof- 
ligacy of newspapers in general, or that the American were 
the worst. Why "the republic has not been overthrown by 
its newspapers"" Miss Martineau might have learned from 
Hooper Warren. 

*' Edwards Papers, 336. 

• Democracy in America, I, 235, (Bowen, 1&82.) Bui ser also 73$. 

* Society in America, \, 75. (Paris, 1837.) 


Though the newspaper readers were few from the point 
of view of an unsuccessful editor, the ratio of neu-spafiers to 
population was large, as the following table will show, and 
their influence was without doubt greater than the dis- 
couraged editor of the Galena Advertiser believed. 


Town Population* FDp. of Co. (1835) Newspaper 

Allon 3,500 9fOi6 4 

Chicago - . 8,ocx3 7»S«> 3 

Galeoa i.aoo 4.350 i 

Jacksonville 2,500 16,500 3 

Ottawa 400 4»754 « 

Pekin 800 5,850 1 

Peoria 1,500 7,000 1 

Shawneetown 600 8,660 i 

Springfield I7,573 2 

Vandalta 850 3,638 a 

In the following statistical view of the publishing in- 
dustry in the state in 1840, presented in the census report 
for that year, two items require comment. The four peri- 
(xlicals assigned to Jo Daviess County it seems impossible 
to identify. There were but two towns of any consequence 
in the county at that time, and neither, so far as available 
materials show, supported a periodical other than a news- 
paper. The same difficulty attends the daily paper in 
Schuyler County. Possibly the Rushvillc Political Examiner 
was issued daily in the heat of the campaign. 

'^ ThcK figures arc fftxa Mitcfaell, lUinois in J837, and are probably estimated. 



religious paper was started; in the next year appeared an 
agricultural journal, the second west of the Alleghanies, 
and a monthly literary magazine. The first harbinger of 
the flock which was to spread the Washingtonian movement 
abroad in the state came in 1836; in 1837 an educational 
monthly endured a brief life of neglect. In the next year 
a paper was started at EdwardsviUe to promulgate a uni- 
versal language. Finally, ambitious Chicago produced in 
1839 the first daily paper in the state, and in 1840 the second. 
It should be noted too, that the two oldest papers in Illinois 
to-day look back to this period for their beginnings. Most 
of these pioneers in special fields require here a word of 

Religious journalism, which has been important numeri- 
cally since the middle of this period, began with the Pioneer 
of the Valley of the Mississippi, established at Rock Spring 
by John Mason Peck and T. P. Green, and first issued on 
April 25, 1829. It was a private venture, and Baptist. 
Baptist journalism in Illinois has been, from the beginning, 
wholly a matter of private enterprise in contrast with that of 
Ohio and Michigan, among the western states.'^ The idea 
of the Pioneer originated \Wth Peck, who felt that his Baptist 
seminary, and the state, needed the stimulus that a weekly 
paper would give. He found a Rev. T. P. Green willing to 
furnish half enough money to start the venture, and to act 
as publisher. The rest of the funds Peck secured from 
eastern Baptists, who, no doubt, at Peck's suggestion, stipu- 
lated that half of the profits should go to the seminary. 
Peck was editor, and in his travels solicited subscriptions. 
But the paper was a dead expense from the beginning;" 

" Justin A. Smith, History of the Baplisti in /A« Western States, 380. 
** Rufiu Bnbcock, Memoir of John Matoit Peck, Phils., 1864. 


the Rev. Mr. Green soon starved out, and was succeeded by^ 
a Mr. Smith, son-in-law of Mr. Peck. In June, 1836, 
office was moved to Alton, where it was a distressing burden 
to its originator until Januar)', 1839, when it was combined 
with the Baptist Banner of Louisville, Kentucky. 

That an attempt was made to establish a pretentious 
literar)' monthly in Illinois in 1830 provokes astonishment 
paralleled only by the wonder that the attempt was carried 
two years toward success. James Hall, lawyer, writer, 
circuit judge, state treasurer, editor of the Illinois Emigrant 
from 1820 to 1822, of the Illinois Intelligencer from 1829 to 
1832, trustee of Illinois College, writer of fiction, literary 
biography, and commercial statistics, vehement politician 
and maker of many enemies — this versatile Pennsylvanian 
established the Illinois Monthly Magazine at Vandalia, 
October, 1830, and published it there for two years. Illinois 
had been a state but twelve years, and contained more horse- 
thieves in the southern and Indians in the northern sections 
than litterateurs in both. Yet here was this hopeful voice 
calling out from Vandalia to the people of Illinois for articles 
on subjects literar}', scientific, cultural — for fiction and for 
poetry — and for approcialinn in coin of the realm. It had 
nearly a score of predecessors in Ijie Ohio valley," including 
The Medley (1803), Western Review (1820) and TransyU 
vanian (1S29) at Lexington, Kentucky; Cincinnati Lit€rary\ 
Gazette (1S24), Western Monthly Review (1828), Sentinel and 
Star in the West (1829), and 0/w, at Cincinnati, the western 
publishing center of that time. Of these predecessors to 
Hall's venture, Olio (1821-22) is of interest here because 
one of its editors was Samuel S. Brooks, who became 

■ Vcnabic, Early Periodical Lilerattve of ikf Ohio Vaiky. Cauns, Oh the De- 
veiopmetU of American LUtralurt from tSt^ to iSjJt pp> 60, 61. 


one of the most active and trenchant of early editors in 
Illinois. The greater age and population of the communities 
in which these early attempts were made, as compared with 
the village capital of Illinois, make Hall's venture seem the 
more hazardous. 

Yet Hall's purpose was largely practical. *'The leading 
features of our humble attempt," the editor explained in the 
preface to his first number, *'wiU be to disseminate knowl- 
edge, to cultivate a taste for letters, and to give correct deline- 
ations of this country to our distant friends. . . . Every 
topic connected with the arts, the industry, or the resources 
of this flourishing state, or of the western country, will come 
within the scope of this work. . . . But while we propose 
to give a prominent place to the useful^ it is not our intention 
to neglect the lighter and more elegant branches of literature. 
Original tales, characteristic of the western people, are 
promised, and we think that our arrangements in this depart- 
ment are such, that the lovers of ingenious fiction will not 
be disappointed. Literary intelligence will form a portion 
of each number.*' Something further of Hall's ideal was 
expressed in the seventh number, when, in the course of an 
article on "Periodicals," the editor wrote, "Our editors 
have become too formal, and stately, and fastidious. . . . 
Instead of the infinite variety of topics, which once gave 
interest to works of this description, nothing is now admitted 
but reviews, talcs, and poetry. ... I am much belter 
pleased with the good old-fashioned magazines . . . within 
whose well furnished pages, the reader, whatever might be 
his taste, was sure to find something agreeable." 

Such, indeed, was the character of the Illinois Mofithly 
Magazitte, for performance followed close on purpose, and 
Hall gathered in those two ambitious volumes a quantity. 



quality, and variety of matter creditable indeed. He drew 
on his own resources hea\Tly — he contributed nearly one- 
half of all that he printed. And he drew at the same time 
on all other available resources in the state, and soon ex- 
hausted them. 

The energetic citizens of Alton, which at that time was 
almost the equal of Chicago in population, furnished the 
first organ of temperance reform, when on June t, 1836, the 
Illinois State Temperance Society published there the first 
number of the Illinois Temperance Herald. The paper 
never received from subscriptions and advertisements a 
support sufficient to maintain it, but the society seems to 
have had fairly ample funds, since for some time as many as 
six thousand copies of the Herald were circulated." Fur- 
thermore they brought Timothy Turner, an effective tem- 
perance lecturer, from New York, and at considerable 
expense secured A. W. Corey as editor of their paper." The 
burden became too great, however; the Missouri Society 
was in 1839 induced to share the expenses of publication, 
and the title of the paper was altered to Missouri and Illinois 
Temperance Herald. The words and Washini^tottian were 
added in 1842, after which time the paper did not long 

Ensley T. and C. Goudy began in January, 1S37, to 
pubUsh the first educational journal in HUnois, probably the 
first in the Mississippi valley. It was entitled Common 
School Advocate, and was issued monthly. Only a printer 

•* Tanner, Martyrdom of Lovejoy, loo. 

"Tanner, supra cii., clcdaml that Corejr provoked bcated opposition in St. 
Louis, especially by printing Ihc names of all wholesale grocers of that city who 
sold liquors, and charKins ihem with panidpating in a common crime. "Many, 
in their fury, would have been glad lo have wiped out of existence not only lh« 
Observer, but also the Temferancs Herald, with tiieir editors, printcn, and o£Bces, 
as nuisances ia society." 



service. In the winter of 1851-1852 the Whigs of Chicago 
had a controlling interest in the Tribune. Scripps was a' 
Free-Soiler, and something of a Democrat, so he sold his 
share in the Tribune, and with William Bross started the 
Democratic Press, through which he continued to act as a 
tonic to the press of the city. The Democratic Press was 
Free-Soil, but supported Douglas until the Kansas-Neb- 
raska question drove it, in 1856, into the Republican 
party, and two years later, into the Trihune, which Charles 
H. Ray made, within this period, the best paper in Illinois, 
and which increased in prestige under Horace White and 
Joseph Medill, until it ranked high in American journalism. 

Although the press was increasing in efficiency, espe- 
cially through the establishment of such publications as the 
Tribune and the Prairie Farmer, and papers at Bloomington, 
Princeton, Peoria, Quincy, and Belleville, the general tone, 
especially of the political press, was still in the greater part 
violent and partisan. Amid the clatter of party discussions, 
however, there arose early in the period signs of reaction, 
of protest, of a demand for rational consideration of politics 
instead of party affairs. The demand was neither wide- 
spread nor loudly voiced, for the general public was far 
from desiring independent newspapers but indiWduals, and 
even communities, were moving in that direction. At 
Jacksonville, then the most cultured community in the 
State, the Illinoisan had, just before the close of the previous 
decade, shown better qualities than generally prevailed, 
but it had passed to the hands of William Hodge in the 
early forties, and had sunk to the common level. In its 
place there arose a short-lived but significant independent 

'*At the suggestion of many friends," Jonathan Baldwin 



paper for the sake of news. Under the head of " Crimes and 
Casualties" he printed:" "Our paper is small, and if our 
readers will for the present just have the goodness to imagine 
a certain due proportion of fires, tornadoes, murders, thefts, 
robberies and bully fights, from week to week, it will do just 
as well, for we can assure them they actually take place." 
Such a news service would have satbfied Thoreau, but did 
not content the subscribers. On the other hand, the edi- 
torial department was strong. The Quincy Whig commented 
facetiously on one of Mr. Turner's thirteen -column edi- 
torialsj and was told in reply that the actual length was but 
eleven columns. These editorials dealt carefully and logi- 
cally, but vigorously and sometimes caustically, with 
current political topics — slavery, the tariff, and banks — 
always considered morally or economically, without regard 
to parties. Agriculture and education were given much 
attention. The editor flatly refused to write "puffs" for 
advertisers. In the second number a great national news- 
paper at Washington was proposed, to represent both politi- 
cal parties, page and page alike. This was to be supple- 
mented by similar papers at each state capital. "The 
constitution provides for catching runaway negroes, but it 
makes no provision for informing free white men," thus 
leaving the press and the people in the hands of demagogues 
and factions. The national bi-party paper was to "miti- 
gate the ferocity of party zeal," and protect the public from 
low ribaldry, sophistry, and abuse. 

Of course the Statesman did not "succeed," and it was 
discontinued at the end of one year; but it is significant, 
even in failure, as having thus early voiced a protest still 
heard, and as having striven for an ideal still but partly 

"On July 17, 1843. 


The free-soil movement in Illinois gave rise to a numb 
of newspapers between 1842 and 1854. The movcmei 
may be said to have centered around the series of papei 
which included Genius of Universal Emancipation, Genin 
0/ Liberty, and Free West, and which were fairly entitled t 
be called the mouthpieces of the free-soil and abolitio 
movement in the state. But by 1845 others had sprung uj 
and by 1848, when Van Buren was supported by an imposing 
list of able and important papers, including the Chicagc 
Tribune, free-soil organs were fairly numerous." f 

On the breaking up of the Whig party a number of neu-s- 
papers, like many individuals, found difficulty in placing 
themselves. The Whigs, like the Democrats in Illinois, 
were divided in two factions. Many Whigs felt that if thej 
were to remain true to their principles, they could not cor- 
dially unite with any party then in existence;" and man) 
felt that no genuine Whig could join a party founded on the 

'■ Lilierty and Free-Soil papcn in Illinms are enumerated as follows by Mr, T 

C. Smith In bis "Liberly and Pree-SoU ParlUt in ikt Nortbvusi" (Appendix B, 
p. 3JoJ: 

liJ,^ Alton, Observer E, P. lx>vejoj 

i83&~39 Lowell, Genius of Univertat Entancifation B. Lundy 

1840-43 Lowell, C;niH5 0/ Liberty . ,Z. Eastman 

1&42-54 Chicago, WesUrn Citizen (with a dniljr edition, the Daily \ 

News, 1845; andanother, the Dat/yriMMj, 1853) Z. Fastniaa ' 

1S48 Chicago, Tribunt T. Stewart 

1848 Woultegan, Lulu County Chromde .A. B. Tobcy 

1848-50 Rockford, Frte Prtss H. W. DePuy 

1849 Waultcgan, Free Drmwrat. N. W. KulLer 

1850-54 Sparta, Freeman (later, Journal) I. S. Coulter 

1853-54 GalcsbuTX) Western Freeman W. J. Lane 

Other names axe those of ihc Altoa Monitor, Geneva Wtiietn Mercury, Priiite« 
ton Bureau Advotaie, Quincy Tribune, and i'cru Telegraph, all In 184S, Tlierc wai 
one German paper, the Chicago Slaali-Zeilung, 1S48, anil one NuiM-ej<i»n Frihrfi 
Banneret, 1853, Tlicre were jirulmbly many o<her ephetncrnl Free-Soil sheets in 
1S48; but their activity was «o brief that they sank at once into obtiWon, along uith 
the plcdgfs of the Illinois " Bflrnliumers." 

To Smith's Ibt may be added the Belleville FreOuitibote fUr Illinois, 1S40; 
Alton Tnttfv^eeker, 1845-46: Kigin Weittrn Chriitian. 1845; Little Fort iafc 
County Visiler, 1847; Greenville Barnbufner, 1849; Galesburg Fret Democrat 
1854; and Waukegan Freeman'j AdveeaJe, 1854-55- 

*' Oraisby, History of tlu Whig Party, 354. 



slavery question." Because of the unusual lack of homo- 
geneity in the state, coalition of free ^^^^igs and free Demo- 
crats was considerably retarded. 

In spite of the popular revolt against Douglas and his 
bill, neither the free Democrats nor the free Whigs soon 
seized the opportunity to lead in forming a coalition party, 
and the free Democrats finally played comparatively little 
part in the Republican movement in Illinois." When the 
Nebraska bill was passed the Democratic Chicago Courafit 
declared: "The political landmarks can no longer be Whig 
or Democratic, Free-Soil or Abolitionist, but must be merged 
into the two great parties. South and North." 

In certain localities the free Democrats indicated readi- 
ness to form a new party, and a call was issued for a con- 
vention in Springfield on October 4 and 5. The meeting 
proved fruitless, however, and "in this campaign, therefore, 
the Illinois Free Democrats lost their identity as a party," " 
as well as their opportunity to assume leadership in forming 
a new one. 

The Illinois Whigs were extremely conservative. While 
the formation of state RepubUcan organizations in Michigan, 
Wisconsin, and elsewhere was going on in 1R54, the Illinois 
State Journal advised against abandoning the Whig organi- 
zation, and its advice was followed." Hence Illinois had 
no Republican organization in 1S54, although the de- 
mand for one was voiced by local conventions at Princeton 
and elsewhere which declared in favor of organizing. Two 
years later, in the absence of any party machinery, a 

" Ormsby, History oj the Whig Party, 358. 

" T. C. Smith, Liberty and Fret Scii Forttts in Ihi Northwttt, 390, 194, 395 

" ihid. 

•• F. A. Flower, Histiny 0} the Republican Party, ao6. 



number of anti-Nebraska editors of the state held a prelimi- 
nary convention at Decatur on February 22, 1856. 

Early in January there had appeared in the Morgan 
Jourtuii of Jacksonville, edited by Paul Selby, a suggestion 
for the holding of such a convention to agree on a policy for 
the approaching campaign, John Moses printed in the 
Chronicle of Winchester the first endorsement of the idea; 
the Illinois State Chronicle of Decatur followed, and sug- 
gested Decatur as the meeting place. After some further 
;ratification a formal call was issued, bearing the endorse- 
ments of twent)'-five papers: 

Morgan Journal, Jacksonville 

Chronicle, Winchester 

Illinois State Chronicle, Decatur 

IVhig, Quincy 

Pike County Free Press, Pittsfield 

Gazette, Lacon 

T'ribune, CMcago 

Stoats Zeiiung, Chicago 

Republican, Oquawka 

Republican, Peoria 

Prairie State, Danville 

Adverti'ier, Rock Island 

Journal, Sparta 

Fultonian, Vermoni 
Joumai, Quincy 
Beacon, Frecport 
Pantograph, Bloomington 
True Democrat, Jolict 
Tdegraph, Lockport 
Caselte, Kankakee 
Guardian, Aurora 
Casette, Waukcgan 
Chronicle, Peoria 
Advocate, Belleville 
Journal, Chicais » 

As a result of this call a dozen persons were present at 
the opening meeting, inchiding Dr. Charles H. Kay, Chicago 
Tribune; George Schneider, Chicago Staats Zcitung; V. Y. 
Ralston, Quincy Whig; O. P. \\Tiarton, Rock Island Adver- 
tiser; Thomas J. Pickett, Peoria Republican; E. C. Daugh- 
ert}', Rockford Register; E. \V. Blaisdell, Rockford Repub- 
lican; Charles Faxon, Princeton Post; A. N. Ford, Lacon 
Gazette; B. F. Shaw, Dixon Telegraph; W. J. Usrcy, De- 
catur Chronicle; Paul Selby, Morgan Journal. Paul Selby 



was made chairman and W. J. Usrey, secretary. The only 
outsider admitted to the deliberations of the convention was 
Abraham Lincobi, who was in conference nearly all day with 
the committee on resolutions, made up of Messrs. Ray, 
Schneider, Ralston, Wharton, Daugherty, and Pickett. 
This committee drafted a platform and appointed a state 
centra] ccmimittce, on the call of which the first Republican 
state convention in Illinois was held at Bloomington, May 

29, 1856." 

The great scries of debates between T-incoln and Douglas, 
and the other political movements centering in these two 
men and leading to the nomination of Lincoln at Chicago, 
make the Illinois newspapers between 1856 and t86o im- 
portant sources of the history of a most critical national era. 
Through the newspapers have been preserved most of the 
speeches made by Lincoln all over the state in those years; 
yet the instances are many in which the papers reported in 
detail the reception of Lincoln, the procession to the fair- 
grounds, the menu of the picnic dinner, and recounted the 
incident in which Lincoln insisted on yielding his scat of 
honor to some humble admirer, but gave no word of his 
address ewrept to mention for how many minutes or hours 
he spoke. This is true even of some of that large class 
made up of first papers to suggest Abraham Lincoln for the 

Nothing short of a history of political parties in Illinois 
would serve to present the situation in the state between 
1854 and the war. Nor is it possible to set forth in detail 
the way in which the newspapers reflected the shaping of 
political affairs. In general it may be said, however, that 

*■ This Kcoani of the DecAtnr and Bloominj^oti met-ilni^ U baaed on a Idler 
dated Jaaaarr 2. 1910, from Mr. Paul Sclby lo the writer, ood on Mr. Sclb/s 
udde in tfae Chicago Tribmmd ol February 33, 1906, 


in Illinois Whig papers became Republican, and Demo- 
cratic papers, less generally, remained Democratic." In 
the border states many Whig papers became Democratic, 
including the St. Louis Republican, which circulated largely 
in southern Illinois, and the Louisville, Kentucky, Journal. 
There were some such changes in Illinois. The Jackson- 
ville Sentinel changed from Whig to Democratic in 1856; 
the Knoxvillc Journal and Clinton Courier, formerly Inde- 
pendent, became Democratic in 1855, the Decatur Gazette 
made the same change in 1856, the Pana Herald in 1858; 
and the Pekin Tazewell Registerj which had been Republi- 
can, altered to Democratic in the same year, as did the 
Peoria Transcript in 1859. On the other hand, the breach 
in the Democratic ranks, especially in the northern part of 
the state, was more marked. The Galena Jeffersoniatiy 
then under the editorship of Dr. Charles IL Ray, afterwards 
editor of the Chicago Tribune, took strong ground against 
the Kansas-Nebraska bill, though it afterward drifted back 
into the ranks of the Douglas Democracy. But many 
staunch Democratic papers revolted at that measure. Even 
the Southern lUinoisan, of Shawneetown, left Douglas on 
that point, and became Republican. Likewise the Aurora 
Guardian, Belvidere Standard, Peoria Banner, Canton Reg- 
ister, Belleville Advocate, and the influential German paper, 
Belleville Zeitung, altered their affiliations between 1856 

"The situation in 1856 is thus deacribcd by Gustav Kocmcr: "Nearly all 
prominent Vorthern Democrais had joined the Renuhlican party, as well as a great 
majority of tlje former Whigs. Nenrly all tiie leAding rwipers advf>caled the Repub- 
lican ticket, the Cliicai^u Tribune, the Evening J oHrnal, the Gcrmna Slaals ZctlUHg, 
In ibc middle of the strife il was rguite diHercnt. A gre^t many of the \Vtii;{S, who 
come from the Souihem states, turned Democrats on the slavery question. It 
__. only in a few counties [in the southern f*art| such as Madison, and above all 
St. Clait, that the larj^c majority of the Deniorrals jntned the Republican party, 
and tills was largely owing to (he preponderance of the Gennan vole. The 
matt southern part M the state waa almost tinatiimous a^Ainst the Republicans." 
Memoirs, II, 33. 



and 1858 from Democratic, either to Free-Soil and then to 
Republican, or directly to Republican. 

These are but isolated instances of changes either way. 
A large number of hitherto independent pa[)ers were drawn 
to one side or the other. Apparently in this the Republican 
forces had the advantage. In the starting of new papers, 
on the contrar)^, and perhaps partly as a result of defections 
from the ranks of Democratic papers, the Democrats out- 
numbered the Republicans, in 1857, 1858, and 1859, at a 
ratio of about two to one. A large number of these papers 
were brief campaign affairs, however, and they did not 
materially change the ratio as far as permanent papers were 


FROM 1861 TO 1870 

The CiWl War greatly affected the ncwpapers and the 
newspaper situation, and set in motion certain developments 
that were not fully worked out until after the close of the 
period with which this paper deals. The stress and conflict 
of public opinion, and popular anxiety for news from the 
armies and from Washington not only revolutionized the 
practice of reporting and revised the form and makeup of 
papers; it made dailies out of weeklies, and overcame pious 
scruples against Sunday editions." 

The immediate effect was on circulation. The papers 
of the larger towns and especially of Chicago were affected 
very advantageously. The circulation of the Tribune rose 
from 18,000 in 1861 to 40,000 in 1864, and other pafsers 
showed like increases. John Wentworth, who, in a panic 
at the prospect of war, sold his Democrat lest he should be 

" For poi'its in this and the preceding section the writer is Indebted to Mr. Tau] 
Selby, ot Cliic.i;io, Mr. Fnsli^y Moore, of Jftcksonville, Mr. >Ionu.-c While of New 
York Citv. and Mr J. W. Mcrrilt of Springfield. 


ruined, saw that journal help to swell the increasing tide of 
subscriptions to a height hardly thought of before. The war 
put the Chicago newspapers for the first time on a really 
money-making basis. Those outside of Chicago, located 
in the larger towns and sufficiently well established to take 
advantage of the desire for immediate news in detail, were 
also given a fresh impetus. 

There were few dailies in the state outside of Chicago, 
and none of them could compete with those of that city and 
St. Louis in furnishing news from the front and from Wash- 
ington. "We had no daily here till 1866," writes a citizen " 
of Jacksonville, "so our people got the State Journal or 
Register for breakfast, the St. Louis papers for dinner, at 
one time, and the Chicago papers for supper." The Chi- 
cago and St. Louis papers gained at that lime a circulation 
all over the state which they have never lost. Yet the larger 
dailies throughout the state held their own, and received 
their share of prosperity. 

Smaller papers, or papers in the smaller towns not able 
to get telegraphic news, or not favorably situated for receiving 
news promptly from other sources, suffered both from the 
competition of papers of the larger towns and from the great 
rise in the price of paper, which came as a direct result of 

The numerical status of newspapers in the state was 
seriously affected. The two causes just mentioned, and 
others, operated to decrease the number of papers, and as 
a result, we find a situation of unexampled prosperity on the 
one hand, and of poverty, decline, and extinction on the 
other. Beginning with 1861 there was a sharp decline in 

•* Mr. £nsl«y Moore. 



gather up and return to the scrWce a number of deserters 
from the 109th Illinois who had returned to their homes. 
His work was seriously impeded by the radical utterances 
of the Gazette, which, Uke a majority of its constituents, 
was bitterly against the war. Consequently he closed the 
office during the six weeks of his stay. Colonel Newbold 
so conducted himself, however, as to make many warm 
friends, and helped materially to change local sentiment 
toward the Government. As a resident of Jonesboro, still 
living, has WTitten, "the episode turned out very well." 

The Loyalist, an extreme advocate of abolitionism, was 
established by George Brewster at Mason, Efllngham 
County, in April, 1863. His radical utterances caused bitter 
feeling, and in nine months resulted in his being forced to 
leave. He was allowed to remove his establishment. The 
Picket Guard of Chester suffered more severely on the other 
side. John R. Shannon, the editor, found fault vituper- 
atively with the measures adopted to suppress the rebellion. 
He became so e.vtremely abusive that a body of soldiers 
broke into the office in July, 1864, and threw the type into 
the streets. The press was not seriously injured, and the 
office was refitted." At Olney the Democratic press was 
broken up by a mob of soldiers and its publication was dis- 
continued. A similar explosion of wrath at Maroa hung 
fire until 1S67. There one T. J. Sharp began a Democratic 
TimeSj in January. His published expressions of discontent 
with the results of the war brought him into collision with 
various citizens, by whom he was badly beaten on November 
27 and ordered to leave town. He did so, leaving also his 
printing equipment.*' Other papers than these mentioned 

** History ol Rnndolph. Monroe, and Ferry Counties, lUinoii (1883), p. 197. 

**Ceitnt%e3 of CumherUnd, Jasper, and RUkland, Iltinois, HisfotUal and 
Biographical (1884], p. 658. 





escaped similar treatment by temporary suspensions or by 
change of editors or policies. 

Several instances of threatened violence to editors or 
their establishments which occurred previous to this time 
are mentioned here for want of a better place. The earliest, 
probably, was that in Vandalia in February, 1823, which 
has already been discussed." The Uiinois Republican at 
Springfield, an energetic Democratic paper to which Stephen 
A. Douglas as a young man was a contributor, was, in 1837, 
twice attacked by a mob, of which the sheriff of the county 
was a member. The mob was prevented from doing destruc- 
tion only by the vigorous defense offered by the Webers, 
owners of the property." In June, 1841, Ogle County 
"regulators" shot to death John and William DriscoU, two 
notorious horsethievcs and outlaws. Philander Knappen, 
editor of the Rockford Siar^ denounced the execution edi- 
torially and printed a communication of similar import. 
Soon afterward three citizens, with the approval of pubhc 
opinion, made pi of all type in the office. Knappen aban- 
doned journalism in Rockford. 

The destruction of the office equipment of the Nauvoo 
Expositor, though the result of a factional disturbance 
among the Mormons, and not connected with any general 

"See p. xlvji, note. 

** A bit of the reminiscences of an oltl settler, publUhed in 1871 and quoted in 
Hisicry of Sangamon County, Winoii (1881), pp. 335-33-1: 

In 1^37 Dr. Henry was one o[ [tie oiinmissianers superintending tbe construc- 
tion of tbe new Stale House in Springlield and a fr(^qijeni contributor to tbe Sangamo 
Jtrttmal. Stephen A. Douglas was at ihc same lime writing for the lilinoii Repuh- 
luan and in several anonymous articles be attackc^d Dr. Henry a«i(l his ofiicial work. 
A comraiilec of friends of Henry called upnn the editor tif ihc Journal to demand 
Ihc name of Ihe aulhor, but the editor dispened them H-itb a vigoroua use of his 
fUtn. Douglax, who witnessed the afFair, wrote a highly colored account which the 
paper published. As a result the oSice was attacked by a mob, Ini by the sheri0, 
on two successive days, Juno 37 and rf, 1837, but the proprietors, with JJouglas 
and other friends, beat them off. The sheriff was stabbed in the fray on the second 
day, fainted, and was carried home. That ended the riots. "These things gave 
notoriety to the pa|jer." 



Stress of public opinion, was a part of the lawlessness that 
resulted in the death of Joseph and Hyrum Smith. • In 1844 
the despotism of Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormons in 
Hancock County, with Nauvoo as their holy city, became 
unbearable to a considerable number of his followers, who 
revolted. In order to publish the causes of their revolt and 
to disclose the iniquities of Smith and Iiis Danite band and 
other new ecclesiastical inventions, these men established a 
newspaper, the Nauvoo Expositor. The first and only issue 
appeared Friday, June 7, 1844. It was published by Wil- 
liam Law, Wilson Law, Charles Ivins, Francis M. Higbce, 
Chaunccy L. Higbee, Robert D. Foster, and Charles A. 
Foster, with Sylvester Emmons as editor, and contains the 
preamble, resolutions, and affidavits of the seceders from 
the church at Nauvoo. On June 10 the city council 
declared the Expositor a nuisance and directed the mayor 
to have the establishment removed, which he did." For 
this destructive act Joseph Smith and sixteen others were, 
after a week's delay, arrested on a charge of riot. ''After a 
long and close examination they were all discharged." •' 
In the meantime the dissenting publishers of the Expositor, 
apparently not awaiting the pretty farce by which Smith's 
mayor and magistrate gave a resemblance of legal consider- 

" The order of removal w»5 worded ihus: 
Voii arc hereby commajided to destroy (he printing press from whence issues 
the ^.^uvoo ExpoiUor and pi the type of said pnatittE establi«hroent in the street, 
and bum atl the ExpoiUors and libelous liRndbills found in said cstablishnient, 
and if resistance be offered to your exwulion of this order, by llie owners or others, 
demolish the house, and if any one threatens you, or the mayor, or the officers of 
th« eity, arrest those who threaten you, and fail not to execute this order without 
<)elay, and make due return hereon. 

By order of the City Council, 

Joseph Smith, Mayor. 
Id a proclamation printed in the same issue of the Neighbor, Smith deemed the 
paper filthy and pestilential, and its pubHsliers a set of unprincipled scoundrels, 
Dlacklcgs, couDlerfeiten, debauchees, and villainous demagogues. 

*■ Nauvoo Neighbor, June 19, 1844. 



ation and approval to the acts destroying the paper, had 
taken themselves safely away. Smith's paper records their 
flight by noting that the persons concerned in the Expositor 
have all left Nauvoo, and that the guilty fieeth when no man 
pur sit elk.*' 

The war played an important part not only in the changes 
that came in the character, number, and circulation of 
papers; it was more or less directly the cause of three im- 
portant items in the development of the machinery of news- 
gathering and newspaper making. These were the inven- 
tions of the patent inside, the organization of the business 
that became the Western News Company, and the formation 
of the Western Associated Press. 

In July, 1861, A. N. Kellogg, publisher of the Baraboo, 
Wisconsin, Republic, finding that in consequence of the 
enlistment of his patriotic journeymen he would be unable 
to issue a full sheet on the regular day, ordered of the Daily 
Journal office at Madison a number of half-sheet supple- 
ments printed on both sides with war news to fold with 
his own half-sheets. While mailing his edition it occurred 
to him that if the awkward fact of his paper's being in 
two pieces could be obviated an excellent paper could 
be regularly Issued with a decided saving of labor and 
expense. As a consequence, he issued, on July 12, 1861, 
the first sheet with "patent inside." The idea was at once 
taken up by the Madison Journal^ then by the Milwaukee 
Wisc(msin, and in August, 1865, by Mr. Kellogg himself in 
Chicago. G. F. Kimball of the Belleville Advocate began 
to print insides in 1866.*" By 1880 twenty-one establish- 
ments were supplying 3,238 papers, most of them in the 

" Nauvoo Neighbor^ June 19, 1844. 

•• Geo. P. RowcU, The Men IVJto Advtrtist, {N. Y., 1870), pp. aoft-ao?. 



western states. Although the iHca originated in Wisconsin 
and has been developed in all parts of the country, Kellogg 
and Chicago have remained the center of the industry^ 
which has grown to enormous size. 

As Chicago was the center of the patent inside industry, 
it was natural that Illinois newspapers should make nr^ore 
general use of the idea than those of other states. The 
effect was not marked in the first few years, but by the later 
seventies nearly one-half of the smaller country weeklies 
were "co-operative," to use the word by which such papers 
were designated in the newspaper directories. Many of 
them, no doubt, would not have been established had not 
this invention greatly reduced the cost of production. 

The Western News Company grew out of the system or- 
ganized by a young and energetic Chicago newsdealer, John 
R. Walsh, to build up a business on the increased demand for 
prompt delivery of newspapers and periodicals due to the 
war excitement. The system that now distributes nearly 
all of the copies of the larger papers in the country was begun 
by James Gordon Bennett, with the New York Herald, in 
1835. Out of his idea grew the American News Company 
and rivals, most of which were absorbed. Until 1861 the 
business of distributing not only New York, but Chicago 
papers was carried on by that company willi headquarters 
in New York City. In that year, however, Walsh opened a 
news depot in Chicago to capture the business of the middle 
west, and commenced to supply the outlying towns of 
Illinois, Wisconisin. Minnesota, and Iowa. Newsdealers 
in those states soon found that they could get their news- 
papers from Walsh twelve hours earlier than from the 
American News Company, and twenty-four hours earlier 
than by mail."' Walsh soon had all of the business, and kept 

" Andreas, History o} Chicago, 11, 500-501. 



it throughout the war. By this time he was distributing 
fully one-half of the total issue of the Tribune and the Times.*^ 
This competition led to negotiations which resulted, in 1866, 
in the absorption of his business by the older company, of 
which it became the first branch, with Walsh as manager. 

The war had brought prosperity to the Chicago papers, 
and had shown very clearly the need, in that news center, 
of a press association which would do for the Chicago and 
other middle western papers what the American News 
Association was doing for those of New York. On the 
initiative largely of Joseph Medill, of the Chicago Tribune, 
a meeting was held at Louisville, Kentucky, on November 
22 and 23, 1865, at which the Western Associated Press was 
formed. Horace White, managing editor of the Tribune^ 
was made a member of the executive committee. 

The forming of this association not only meant co-op- 
erative use of telegraph news among the papers that held 
membership, but, also through co-operation with the New 
York Association, it greatly broadened, at a minimum cost, 
the news resources of both the western and the eastern 
papers. Without such associations the telegraph would 
never have been able to keep pace with the demands of the 
press, and the telegraphic news service of anything like the 
scope attained even by 1870 would have been possible only 
for the largest and wealthiest papers. The elTect of this 
organization and its successor, the Associated Press, upon 
the number of papers fully equipped with news service, 
particularly the daily papers, of course, is not to be over- 
looked. One direct result was to make a close corporation 
of the newspapers already existing in any particular place, 
and to render it almost impossible to start a new newspaper 

"HtuUon, History c/ Journalism, 204. 



that could compete with them, inasmuch as the newspaper 
could not get the Associated Press dispatches without their 

Immediately following the close of the war there was a 
serious decline in newspaper prosperity. The number of 
papers started year by year at this time increases, but the 
figures do not signify healthy growth. The Chicago papers 
declined in circulation to a point not much beyond that of 
1861, and never fully regained their circulation until after 
the fire. The papers of the larger towns, owing to improved 
telegraphic se^^^cc, the rapid growth of the towns, and other 
causes, did not suffer severely. The country press, on the 
whole, however, began then a decline in quality that has 
continued to a large extent to the present time. That 
decline is not quantitative; it does not include many of the 
daily papers, nor by any means all of the country weeklies 
in the stale. But the increasing encroachment of the dailies 
of Chicago and the other larger cities of the state have taken 
away much of the prosperity and the influence of a large 
proportion of the country press, the quality of which has 
consequently declined. 

In spite of the various causes that operated against the 
newspapers between i860 and 1870, however, there was a 
remarkable increase in their number. The census returns 
for i860 show a total, of all classes, of 286, of which twenty- 
three were dailies, six tri-weeklies, two semi-weeklies, 238 
weeklies, and seventeen monthlies."* By 1870 these figures 
had grown to thirty-nine dailies, ten triweeklies, four semi- 
weeklies, 364 weeklies, eleven semi-monthlies, seventy-two 
monthlies, and three quarterlies— a total of 505, a remarkable 

•Andreas, History of Chuago, III, 706. 

•* Kcnney, in hU American Newipaper Directory and Record 0} the Prest, 
records 453 papers jn Illinois in 18O1, but his list is grossly inaccurate. 



increase over the 286 in i860. Perhaps the most noticeable 
features o( this comparison are the slight increase in dailies 
and the great increase in monthlies. The actual numerical 
increase in dailies between 1850 and i860 was less by only 
one paper than that between i860 and 1870. The addi- 
tional monthly publications, largely in Chicago, were one 
of the indications of the growing importance of that city as 
a publishing center. 

FROM 187 1 TO 1879 

The very bulk of the issue of the newspaper and periodical 
press in the last decade to be considered makes impossible 
here a treatment much more than merely statistical This 
was a time of great numerical increase; it comprehends the 
great Chicago fire of October, 1871 ; the dismal year of 1876, 
perhaps the worst in the whole history of Illinois newspapers; 
the rise of the daily to great importance; and the growth 
of the Chicago press into truly ''metropolitan" proportions. 

The whole list for 1870 was 505." The following decade 
more than doubled that, showing in 1880 a total of 1,017, 
divided into seventy-four dailies, sLx triweeklies, seventeen 
semi-weeklies, 758 weeklies, eighteen semi-monthlies, 118 
monthlies, and twenty-two quarterlies. The number of 
papers in the state each year of this decade is shown by 
Rowell's newspaper directory to have been as follows:** 
1870, 422; 1871, 499; 1S72, 518; 1873, 544; 1874, 588; 
1875, 642; 1876, 707; 1877, 709; 1878, 716; 1879, 732; 
1880, 832. It will be noticed that 1877 had but two more 

** The tolaLi include b few secni-annual and annual publications of which ro 
note M ul.eii in the analvsis. 

• In comparing these figures with those of the cenau* reportK be*r in mind that 
Howell's Agures are made up nt least six months earlier than the census ligurcs. 
'~(owell's number for i8;i, Tor inslaoce, is really for 1870. 



papers than 1876. In the United States as a whole there 
were one hundred and seventy-one fewer newspapers at the 
beginning of 1877 than there were one year earlier. "It is 
apparent," wrote Rowell's editor in 1877, "that the last 
twelve months have, in a financial sense, been unusually 
unsatisfactory to newspaper publishers. Partly by reason 
of the excitements and hopes incidental to a national election 
of an unaccustomed order, a sufficient number of news- 
papers have come into being to have maintained the total 
number reported in 1876, had there not been, in addition 
to the eventual suspension of many of the newspapers, also 
an unusual mortality among those already established. 
Journalistic prosperity, however, is not to be judged by the 
number of papers that are established within a given period, 
but by the number that maintain their existence; and the 
centennial year has undeniably been one of extended pecu- 
niary oppression among the men that publish papers." 
This "pecuniary oppression" seems to have dwelt most 
heavily on the dailies, which were reduced in number from 
fifty in 1876 to forty-seven in 1877. 

The Chicago publishing equipment was almost totally 
destroyed by the fire of October 9-12, 1871, in which every 
newspaper establishment was burned out. Yet the larger 
daily papers all appeared, in small sheets, within forty-eight 
hours. The Journal issued an extra, a small three-column 
sheet printed on one side, on October 9; the issue of 
October 10, printed at a small job office that had been 
spared by the flames, announced that the Evening Post 
would be issued that day, and that the Tribune would be 
issued on the next, October ii. The Inier-Ocean got out 
a number on October 10; the Republican and the Mail 
appeared on the 12th. No important daily paper suspended 


publication permanently on account of the fire, but a number 
of weekly and monthly periodicals were never revived. 
Others, especially several that had New York offices, were 
moved to that city. As an early consequence of the fire, 
therefore, the number of publications in the city was con- 
siderably reduced. But those that remained partook of 
the great revival of the city as a whole; out of the ashes grew 
the great and real prosperity of the Chicago dailies, and of 
the Chicago press in general. 

The increase in the daily press in this decade is important 
numerically. The totals for each year are : 

Outsid? uf Chicago Chic^o" Tulul 

1870 22 10 33 

1871 ....i. aS la 38 

cBja, 35 II 36 

^1873 a6 11 37 

1874 25 u 36 

r87S aS ti 39 

1876 36 14 50 

1877 33 15 47 

1878 35 15 50 

1879 42 12 54 

1880 52 15 67" 

The slow growth of daily newspapers until toward the 
end of the period contrasts sharply with their rapid increase 
later. In fact, the close of the decade marks the real be- 
ginning of their most rapid growth in the state at large. 
This growth is naturally affected directly by the increase of 
population in the towns. The minimum population on 
which a daily can be supported was once set by Horace 
Greeley at about ten thousand, hut at the time he gave that 

" Includes daily marltet rcpons, etc. 

" Cenius Report shows 74 a few months later. 



testimony there were papers in this country supported by 
communities of less than half that size. Since that time the 
number has considerably decreased, so far as the town of 
publication is concerned; but taken in connection with the 
rural population upon which the small dalies have come 
more and more to depend, the decrease has been slight. At 
present, indeed, it is apparently increasing, rather than 
diminishing. The relation of population to daily papers in 
Illinois in 1880 was shown by the census report as follows: 

Locstion PopulacTDD 

Adams County 59-135 

Quincy 17^268 

Alexander County 14,808 

Cairo 9tOti 

Coles County ^7t°4^ 

Mattoon 5-737 

Cook County 607,524 

Chicago S<*3>'8s 

Dekalb County 26,768 

Sycamore 3i038 

Hancock County 3Si337 

Warsaw 3, 105 

Jo Daviess County '7,528 

Galena 6,45^ 

&ane County 44.9,39 

Aurora t-^>^7S 

Elgin 8,787 

Knox County 38,344 

Galesburg ii.437 

LaSallc County 70,403 

Ottawa 7)834 

Logan Cnunty 3St'^S7 

Lincoln 5,639 

Number of 





Location Populdtion 

McLean County 60,100 

Bloomington 17,180 

Macon County 30,665 

Decatur 9,547 

Madison County 50,126 

Alton 8,975 

Morgan County 3ir5'4 

Jacksonville 10,937 

PeoriaCounly 55,355 

Peoria 39i359 

Rock Island County 38t303 

Moline 7r8oo 

Rock Island 1 1,659 

St. Clair County 66,806 

Bdlevaic 10,683 

Sangamon County 53,894 

Springfield I9»743 

Stephenson County 31.963 

Freeport 8>5i6 

Vennillion County 41,588 

Danville 7,733 

Will County 53*433 

Jolict ".657 

Winnebago County 30*505 

Rockiord »3»i29 

Number of 


The daily papers of the state have shown a tendency 
steadily toward afternoon rather than morning issues. 
That tendency first took definite form in this decade be- 
tween 187 1 and 1880. At the beginning of it, the numbers 
of morning and afternoon issues in the state were almost 
equal. Of the forty-two downstate dailies in 1878, thirteen 
were morning and twenty-nine were evening. In Chicago, 


eight were morning and four were evening. The tendency 
in the smaller cities has continued toward evening papers." 
This is doubtless due to the growth and the improved dis- 
tributing facilities of the Chicago and St. Louis morning 
papers, and to the cheap "pony" news service offered by 
the Scripps-McRae, and, later, the United Press Associa- 
tions, as well as others that have been organized since lyoo. 
On the other hand, since 1900 there has been an increase 
in the number and importance of downstate morning dailies. 
This increase has come from cities which have become large 
enough to support papers holding Associated Press fran- 
chises. These papers are, as afternoon papers are not, able 
to compete with the Chicago papers, and will doubtless be an 
increasingly important feature of Illinois journalism as the 
number of larger cities in the state is augmented. At the 
same time the situation is complicated by the help being 
rendered the afternoon papers by more efficient telegraphic 
news service, and by the greatly increasing importance of 
the telephone as an ally of the afternoon press. 

The lower price that came with the general introduc- 
tion of wood-pulp in the manufacture of paper, and the in- 
creased activity in the patent-inside industry helped upward 
the figures of both daily and weekly papers. The decline 
in the quality of many of the country weeklies, mentioned 
in the next preceding section, was remarkable in this last 
decade. This came with the more general use of the patent 

" The increase in the number of papers, by decades, iSSo to igoo, is shown in 
the following tabic: 

Mora- Evco- Tri- Semi- Qwa- 0th- 

ToUl OaUiM tag iDC W'Ur W'klr WkUt MonlUT Inly en 

tSSo toi7 74 30 44 6 17 75.:i uS 31 33 

1890.. 1341 131 44 77 3 30 &$& 1S3 39 39 

1900 1548 *97 44 153 4 7» loo* "9 ^3 "3 

Formucfa similar statistical information covering this period — iSSo to 1900, 
see Report IXh U. S. Cenius, v. 9. 






inside, which convenience was, by the later seventies, used 
by nearly one-half of the weeklies in the smaller towns. 
The patent inside was chiefly used by papers newly 
starting in business; but it has no doubt prolonged the life 
of many a paper that would otherwise have suffered ex- 
tinction, perhaps not in all cases undeserved. There was 
something to be said in favor of the patent inside; more, of 
course, before the development of the stereotyped plate 
matter which has almost entirely superseded the earlier 
scheme of economy, than later. It supplied material often 
of a respectable quality which would otherwise have been 
out of reach of the country editor. Matter of special interest 
and often of value to the country population was thus fur- 
nished; good fiction and less good was disseminated. But 
granting the patent inside full credit of economy, convenience, 
and respectability, it nevertheless lowered the quality of the 
country weekly. Up to the time of the Civil War, however 
violent or crude the tone in many instances, the country press 
had individuality of character, and in its own community 
was as real and definite a force as the great papers of the era 
of personal journalism were in larger spheres. More than 
half of the influence of the paper was dissipated when half 
of its pages were filled and printed by "outsiders." It does 
not seem that this should necessarily have been true, for the 
editor still had two pages at his command; but it was true, 
nevertheless. Many papers, indeed, kept aloof from the 
patent inside, retained their individuality — and their 
advertising space — and have steadily improved, as the 
press as a whole has improved; others have grown into 
dailies; still others, after more or less brief careers as "co- 
operatives," have recovered their individuality, and become 
again "all home print." But it must be recorded that in 


the years just following the war there began in Illinois that 
class of papers which, unlike many that preceded the war 
or survived it, are of mere numerical importance in the story 
of the Illinois press. That class grew and flourished most 
numerously in this period between 1870 and 1880. 

The numerical increase was fostered also by a usage 
developed in this decade by which papers for small towns 
in surrounding territory were printed at a central office. A 
typical instance Ls that of the Jolict Phoenix, which was the 
home office of a brood of Phoenixes bearing date-lines of 
Lockport, Wilmington, Lemont, Braidwood, Peotone, and 
Plainfield. Such papers have at least three pages in common. 
A local editor supplies some news from each town, which, 
with the name, is all of the one paper that differs from all the 

Another mechanical aid to the development of the news- 
paper industry which was contributed by Illinois in this 
period, was the folder, which made the web perfecting press 
a possibility. The invention was made by Walter Scott, 
who was at that time foreman of the machinery department 
of the Chicago Inltr-Ocean. The Bullock presses of the 
establishment were promptly equipped wnXh. the new inven- 
tion, and thus the Inter-Ocean was the first paper to be 
printed on a perfecting press. ^*' 

The political aspect of the period will have to be passed 
entirely, except for a word concerning the Granger move- 
ment and the Greenback party, which stirred the press, 
usually the rural press, of the country In the late seventies 
and early eighties. 

Perhaps a score of Illinois papers supported Greeley in 
1872, including such influential ones as the Chicago Tribune 

'" D. W. LuftW, Politics and Politiciaru of lUinois, 514. 




and Belleville Zeitung. Of these a considerable number 
then became identified with the Granger movement ; within 
1873 and 1874 several new Granger and ant i- monopolist 
papere were started, but most of the supporters of these 
causes were recruits from the old parties. Such papers 
were to be found at Macomb, Bloomington, Salem, Oregon, 
Decatur, Hillsboro, Woodstock, and elsewhere. Usually 
the Granger papers lasted but two years, some not so long, 
a few considerably longer. At least half of them had become 
Greenback before 1876, and, with others, brought to the 
support of Peter Cooper at least thirty papers in the state. 
Some of these had rather fantastic idiosyncrasies. The 
Unicorn Greenback at Barry was written almost entirely in 
verse; the Greenback Gazette at Chester was printed on green 
paper. There was a lull in Greenback journalism between 
1876 and 1878, but in the latter year and 1879 sixteen new 
papers, and as many other recruits, together with those that 
had survived from before the earlier campaign, gave Weaver 
the support of forty papers in Illinois, including such as the 
Pontiac Free Trader, Morgan Monitor of Jacksonville, 
Golden Era of McLeansboro, and New Era of Woodstock 
which were not originally Greenback. A considerable num- 
ber were established to support that party, among which 
were Unicom Greenback, Barry; Express and Senlind^ 
Chicago; National Era, Danville; Independent, Erie; 
Independent, Grafton; Local Leader, Lexington; Herald, 
Milford; Beacon, Milton; Reformer, Morris; Industrial 
Tribune, Murphysboro; Legal Tender, Pekin; Observer, 
Petersburg; Greenback Post, Quincy; National Greenbacker 
and Telephone, Rochelle; Re^new, Roodhouse; Herald, 
Shelbyville; Industrial Banner, Yates City. The Green- 
back party thus brought into existence a number of papers, 



nearly all short lived, and helped out of existence certain 
others which became advocates of the fiat money idea. 

One more discharge of statistics, and the array of figures 
on the press in Illinois at the close of the sixty-five years 
with which this sketch has to do, will have been shown. The 
thousand and seventeen papers in the state left few vicinities 
unprovided with "the source of American culture." No 
county was without its paper. Twenty-eight towns had 
five or more; twelve had four, thirty-seven had three, ninety- 
three had two, and one hundred and seventy municipalities 
were supplied each with one newspaper. 

There were publications in six languages at that time, 
though previously eight tongues had been represented. The 
Bohemians had four, one of which was a daily; nine hun- 
dred and twenty, including sixty-three dailies, were printed 
in Engish; one was printed in French and two in Polish; 
there were nine dailies and sixty-one other papers in German, 
and one daily and nineteen others in the Scandinavian 
languages. In Chicago alone there were two hundred 
and eighty-nine newspapers and periodicals, comprised of 
eighteen dailies, one hundred and thirty-eight weeklies, 
ninety-one monthlies, and forty-two of other periods of 
publication. On another basis of classification, these in- 
cluded sixty-three devoted to news and politics, eight to 
agriculture, fifty-one to commerce and trade, one to finance, 
nine to literature,^"* thirty-three to religious purposes, and one 
hundred and twenty-four to a wide variety of interests, from 
oriental archaeology to trap shooting. 

■"A total of lao "periodicals with some sort o[ literary biteicst dominant In 

their pagts" vrvn altcmptcd in Chicago prior to iSSo; twcoly-seven in Ihc forties, 
and ftftics, forty>six from iS6o U> 1S71 inclusive, and forty-sc\'en in the seventies 
after the 6n:. Of the whole number, lorty cwrtinucd tor Irss than one year, and 
twenty-two for one year only. Fewer ihan half, therefore, outla^tedl a yeax. Herl»ert 
E. Fueling, Literary Interests of Chicago, iia. 




Of religious publications, four were Baptist, one Congre- 
gational, two Disciples, two Episcopal, one Jewish, three 
Lutheran, five Methodist, one Mormon, two Presbyterian, 
one Reformed, sbc Roman Catholic, one Adventbt, one 
Spiritualist, one Swedenborgian, one United Brethren, one 
Unitarian, one Universalist, and fifteen non-sectarian. 

A retrospective glance over the threescore and five years 
between 1814, when the first little three-column paper was 
started at Kaskaskia, and 1879, reveals but a few more than 
a thousand papers still extant out of a total of about three 
thousand that have furnished forth their salutatories and 
their advertising rates. But a third of all those hopefully 
begun have endured the "halcyon and vociferous". The 
newspaper press spread northward over the state like a 
prairie fire; like a fire it has often flared and smoked, and 
gone out; and one turns from the record of two thousand 
failures with a fceUng as of stepping among a residue of 
scorched bones. 

Yet the successes have been more important than the 
failures have been numerous, and these papers, living and 
dead, have played an active part in the life and growth of 
the commonwealth. Long before the close of this period 
there had grown up a number of strong and energetic 
journals, some in every section of the state, upon which the 
journalistic honor of the commonwealth rests secure. A 
sketch as brief as this is left incomplete because it is without 
a more detailed account of the part these papers have played 
in the growth of the state; and especially without some 
more adequate reference to the men who have made these 
papers, and whose lives are the best part of the history of 
the Illinois press. A number of papers in the state have 
long since passed the half-century mark; men are still active 



in joiunalism who began their labors before the Civil War, 
and one has died while this work was in preparation whose 
connection with Illinois newspapers began in 1848. 

Incomplete as it is, however, perhaps this survey may 
serve to give some order and significance to the kaleido- 
scopic record which follows in the bibUography. 





Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

Withers Public Library, Bloomlngton, Illinois 

Chicago Public Library, Chicago, lUinois 

Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts 

New York State Library, Albany 

Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, Illinois 

John Crerar Library, Chicago, Illinois 

Lenox Branch, New York Public Library, New York City 

Mercantile Library, St. Louis, Missouri 

Newberry Library, Chicago, Illinois 

Public Library in the town in which the paper was published 

Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield 

University of Illinois Library, Urbana, Illinois 

Wisconsin Slate Historical Library, Madison 

These letters, following the description of a paper, indicate that 
copies or fik's may be found in the corresponding libraries, the contents 
of which are listed in this volume. The name of a town following such 
description indicates that copies or files are to be found in the public 
library of that town. 

The papers of each town are arranged in the order in which they 
were established, except that aJl papers in any series are grouped, 
for instance note under Albion, page 2, that Journal precedes Bumhie- 
Bee, though established later. Under Chicago, papers established in 
each year arc arranged alphabetically, subject to the same exception. 

+ 1840 means that the paper was a continuation from a preceding 
name or location. 

1840+ means that the paper was continued under another name 
or in another place. 

i36o to date (1875) means that the paper was still in existence at 
the last report. In 1875, but that no later information has been 

Unless otherwise noted, papers were issued wwkly. 

The words Ayer, Rowcll. Coggeshall, refer to newspaper direc- 
tories issued by ihose men; Gerhard, to Illinois As it Is. 

Names of towns as parts of titles are omitted except when 
needed for clearness. 


i8 14-1879 


Messekoer, i80-jS<8: Published by Chambers and White and 

edilcd by O." White. 
Reporter, 1858-1862: Edited by C. C. Button. 
NoHPAitEiL, 1863: It was published by D. H. Elliott. (Sec Chap 

man and Company's History oj Knox County, p. 540.) 

Edpcatjonal Magazine, 1864-1865! Published monthly by J. W. 
Butler in the interest of Abingdon College. 

Progress, (?) (?): Edited by E. E. Chesncy. 

Press, 1868 (?): Conducted foronlyafcw months by IkcCotton. 

Knox CotJNTTi' Democrat, 1870-1876: Edited by W. H. Heaton. 
In 1876 it was sold and merged into Kttoxonian. U 

JoOBNAL, June, 1B70: Condutted by J. C. Chcaney for only seven 

Leader, 1874-1875: Originally established at Monmouth by T. S. 

Clarke, as Monmouth Leader. .After his death it was conducted 

by S. J. Clarke and in 1874 moved to Abingdon, where he 

with J. S. Badger established the Abtogdon Leader. It lived 

about ft year. 
AjfATEtJR News, 1874-1875: Edited by Charles K. Bassett. 
Knoxonian, 1875 (?); Conducted by Henry C. Allen. It was 

published only six months in Abingdon, when the office was 

moved to Augusta, Illinois. 

Express, 1875: Edited by Frank L. Richey. It was notable for 
the number of times it suspended and resumed publiciLtion, 
and fur the many forms it a».sumcd, being at unc time a weekly, 
at another a semi-wepkly, and at cvnc lime a daily. Democratic. 

REGiSTt:R, 1877; Edited by Charles K. Basseit. 

Advertiser, 1877 (?): Edited by George Poff. 

Abingdon Collece Monthly, 1877: Published by the trusteN 
of Abingdon College. 

Nonpareil, (?) (?): Published by Elmer Richey in the 

later seventies. It lived less than a year. 



Hekald, 1854. 


Independent, 1865- (after 1869): Edited and published by J. E. 
Qark. Printed at the office of the Grayvillc Independent. 

Pioneer. 1868-1873 + : Established by R. S. Thompson and J. J. 
Lambert. They conducted it for about &ve years and sold to 
Gil R. Stormont, who changed it to 

JotTRNAL, +1873 to dale: This pai^er was conducted by Gil R. Stor- 
mont until September, 1876, when he sold to Ballentinc and 
Emmcrson. Mr. Ballcntine retired in 1878 and Morris Emraer- 
son continued its publication until Miirch 11, 18.^4, when he 
sold to Colyer and Harris. After about two years Morris Harris 
retired and Waller Colyer continued as editor and publisher 
until March 30, 1900, when the ownership passed to Albert H. 
Buwman. February 25, 1903, Mr. Bowman was succeeded by 
the Albion Journal Company. U 

BuuBLE-Bt:E, i869-iS73(?) : A monthly, published in the interest 
of the patent medicine trade by R. S. Thompson. 

Egyptian Repubuc-in, 1878: A three-column folio, edited by 
Chalcraft and Orange. Suspended after seven months. 


Record, July 14, 1857 to date: Established by James H. Reed and 
Horace Bigclow at the: time uf the canvass for the removal of 
the county scat from Kcithsburg to Aledo. Bigclow became 
sole owner tn 1862, and sold a half interest to John Porter in 
1866. Porter was political editor from 1862. In 1885 Bigclow 
sold his interest to John Porter and Sons who conducted the 
paper until 1894, when it was sold to Mitchell and Bloyer and 
merged with the Times, under the name of the Times Record. 
The paper has always been Republican and is one of the many 
"among the first newspapers to suggest the name of Abraham 
Lincoln as a candidate for the presidency." U 

Mehcer County Press, September, 1866-1869: A Democratic 
paper organized by persons hostile to President Johnson. J. A. 
J. Birdsall was editor. After a year he was succeeded by a man 
named Wilson; then late in 1867, David R. Walters became 
both editor and manager. John Geigcr bought the paper in 
1869 and discontinued it, establishing instead the 

Democratic Banner, April, 1869-1873+; Geigcr opposed the nom- 
ination and election of Greeley; O. P. Arthur bought the paper 

in July, 1872, and supported Greeley. In 1873 the paper sup- 
ported Greenback principles. In this year Arthur changed 
the name to 

Banner, +1873-1881 ; John Geiger became a partner with Arthur, 
and editor in 1877, and in 1878 sole owner, whereupon he made 
it a straight Democratic "organ." P. F. Warner bought the 
paper in the campaign of 1878 and conducted it as an Independ- 
ent in politics until 1879, when he made it Republican. It was 
sold in 1 881 to Geiger, Russell, and Eamcs, of the then recently 
established Democrat 


Journal, 1874 (?); James Everett was editor and publisher 

in 1874: in 1877 A. H. Chaffe was editor and publisher. 
pendent. Suspended before 1879. 


CmzEN, 1872 (?): William H. and George E. Earlie were 

editors. Earlie Brothers and Company were pubUshers. " Every 
number illustrated." Cited in Rowell's Newspaper Directory 
for 1873. 


CouBtER, May, ia73-November, 1874: Begun by G. W. Grove. 

Moved in November, 1874, to Virginia. 

Telegram, March, 1876-81: Established by Loofbarrow and 
Humble; then owned by Loofbarrow and Hale Johnson and 
edited by Mil. A. Bates. Sold in 1877 to C. M. King, who 
removed the office to Gardner in 1881. 


Spectator, 1832-1839: Published first in Upper Alton by O. M. 
Adams and Edward Breath. The firm soon dissolved, and 
Mr. Breath alone removed this paper to Lower Alton (now 
Alton) in October, 183a. Mr. J. T. Hudson, successor to Mr. 
Breath, edited and published it. 1834-1836; W. A. Beaty, 1836; 
D. Ward, 1S36-1837; Wm. Hcssin, 1837; Mr. Hessin and Seth 
T. Sawyer, 1837; Mr. Hessin, 1837-1S38; J. Clark Virgin in 
December, 1838, and he soon suspended it. It was Whig in 
politics, giving much attention to the banking system of the 
country. ESHM 

Amkrican, November 22, 1833-J834: Founded by J. S. Buchanan; 
devoted to the agricultural, mechanical, and mercantile interests 
of Lower Alton and surrounding country; religious but not 
denominational. Published by Messrs. Bailey and Parks and 
edited by Rev. Thomas Lippincott. Monthly. H 


Western Pioneer and Baptist Standard Bearer, +JunB 30, 
1836-1839: Removed from Rock Spring in June, 1836, by Ash- 
ford Smith and Company, under patronage of the Baptist denomi- 
nation in Illinois and Missouri. Its editors were J. M. Peck, 
at first alone, afterward associated with E. Rogers and Rev. 
Washington I>everett. Wiih the hcginaing of its second year it 
was known as the Western Pioneer. It was finally discon- 
tinued as a separate publication about the close of 1S38, and 
combined in Januarj-, 1839, with a paper published at Louia- 
ville, Ky., and New Albany, Iowa, entitlwl, in 1839, Baptist 
Banner and Western Pioneer. (See Rock Spring Pioneer). H 

Telegraph, January 20, 1836 to 1882: Founded by R. M. Tread- 
way and h. A. Parks. Published by Messrs. Treadway, Parks, 
and S. G. Bailey, 1836-1837; Parks and Bailey, 1837; Mr. 
Parks, 1837; Mr. Parks and John Bailhache, 1837; Mr. Bail- 
hache, 1837-1838. In 1838 S. R. Dolbee purchased a half 
interest and ftrm continued until 1850 when Dolbee was succeeded 
by Wm. H. Bailhache, son of John Bailhache. From 1852-1854, 
E. L. Baker was one of the firm. Mr. Baker and L. A. Parks 
conducted it, 1854-1855. In 1855 the Telegraph was merged 
in the Courier (which see) and 90 remained until the Heath of the 
Courier in x86i, when L. A. Parks and J. T. Beem and S. V. 
Grossman revived the publication of the Telegraph. Parks and 
Crossman continued its publication, 1861-1S64; Mr. Parks and 
Thos. S. Pinckard, 1S64-1S66; Mr. Parks, 1866; Parks and 
Chas. Holden, 1866-1867; Parks, Holdcn, and W. T. Norton, 
1867-1875; Holdcn and Norton, 1875-1880; Mr. Norton, 1880 
to 1893. After 1888 the paper was published by the Alton Tele- 
graph Printing Company. In 1893 W. T. Norton sold his stock 
to W. J. A. Cousley and W. H. Bauer, who with other stock- 
holders continue to publish the paper, with W. J. A. Cousley as 
editor. Mr. John Bailhache was its editor, 1837-1841, and from 
1841 for several years it was edited by Geo. T. M. Davis. It 
was known simply as the TcU^mph until April 3, 1841, when it 
became the Alton Telegraph and Demoi ralif Review. In 1853 it 
became the Alton Telegraph and Madison County Record, which 
name it retained until merged in the Courier. When the Whig 
party died it became a strong Republican organ. During the 
fall of 1836 great excitement spread over the country as a conse- 
quence of John Quincy Adams's contest in Congress over the 
right of petition. It is asserted that the Telegraph was the only 
paper west of Cincinnati which supported Mr. Adams in that 
struggle. January i, 1851, a tri-wcekly was begun; in 185a the 
daily was begun; (he weekly was continued. 



Voice or Illinois, 1838 to close of campaign. Supported Cyrus 
Edwards for governor, Wm. H. Davidson for lieutenant governor, 
and George Churchill for senator. Campaign paper published 
by a Whig committee for Madison county. 

AltoniaNj March 13-27. 1838: Kditcd and published by L. A. 
Parks and Edmund Breath. Favored Whig principles. Only 
three numbers issued. S 

CoMMEBCLU. Gazette, 1839-1R40: Published by Samuel S. Brooks 
and John H. Pettit. It was suspended in March, 1S40, and 
revived for the campaign, after which it was again suspended. 
It was Democratic in politics. A 

Sucker, 1840: Published by Parks and Beaty, and edited by "Our- 
selves," who were understood to be Wm. S. and John f.tncoln 
and James Hall. It was Whig and supported Harrison for the 
presidential nomination. It was merged in the Telegraph in 
March, 1840. 

People's Miscellany and Illinois Herald, July 27, 1842- • — ( ?) : 
Another paper edited by A. W. Corey, who in the first number 
announced the discontinuance of the Illinois Temperance Herald. 
The prospectus announced the paper to be the organ of the 
Illinob Slate Temperance society, and all other temperance 
societies that wished to use its columns; but unlike its unsuc- 
cessful predecessors, this was to be a general newspaper. Parks 
and Souther were its publishers. AF 

Presbytery Repokter, 1845-1860+ : Edited by Rev. A. T.Norton. 
Only two numbers were issued the first year. Issued quarterly, 
1847-1850; bi-montbly, 1850-1854; suspended; revived in 1855 
and issued monthly. In i860 it was taken to Chicago, but later, 
publication was resumed at Alton. Its subscription list was 
finally sold to Herald Presbyter, Cincinnati. S 

Truth Seeker, November, 1845- September, 1846: Quarterly. 
Edited by the Rev. Lemuel Foster. The occasion of the paper 
was the suppression, by the Chicago Western Citizen, of the 
report of the discussion which took place in the annual meeting 
of the nUnois Anti-Slavery Society, held June, 1845, at Alton. 
After almost a year Truth Seeker abandoned the task of reforming 
Mr. Eastman el al., and left the Western Citizen still impenitent. H 

Protestant Monitor, 1846-1848: Removed from Greenville. 
E. M. Lathrop was editor; Lalhrop and John M. McPike were 
publishers. Suspended with vol. 3, no. 32, May 24, 1848. Re- 
vived as Alton Monitor, 1848; edited by John W. Buffum. 
Suspended at close of campaign. It was Democratic, and a 
violent religious sheet. H 


COURIEK, May 39, 1852-1861: Published by Geo. T. Brown; 
associated nith him wore James Gamble and John Filch (see 
Banner, Carrolltoo). It was edited by Mr. Fitch, 1853-1854. 
Mr. Brown was its sole editor and proprietor. 1854-1860, when 
he sold to B. J. F. Hanna and S. V. Crossman. In May, i86o, 
Benjamin Teasdale and B. F. Webster obtained an interest. 
Mr. Webster retired in December, i860, and its publication was 
abandoned b January, 1861 (see Alton Telegraph). In the 
Kansas-Nebraska controversy it strongly favored free soil and 
in 1856 favored Fr&mont for president. In 185B the Courier 
became Republican and supported Lincoln Douglas. 
When they reached common political ground the Courier and 
TeUgraph were merged. Daily, iri-wcekly, and weekly. 

Jennie D. Hayner, Lib. Assn. HUSF 

VoEWARTS, 1852-54: Published by P. Slibolt and V. Walter. Mr. 
Stibolt took it to Galena, and subsequently be went to Peoria, 
where he became the editor of the Deutsche Zeitung. It was 
Democratic. German. 

National Dkuocrat, 1854-1869: Published by Geo. M. Thomp- 
son and edited by John Fitch, 1854; John and T. N. Fitch, 1854- 
1859; John Fitch, 1859-1860. In i860 building and press were 
destroyed by a tornado. In seven weeks Robert P. Tansey 
resumed its publication. In a short time it passed into the hands 
of Wm. T. Brock and from him to W. T. Dowdall with Thomas 
Dimmock as editor. In 1S64 Mr. Dowdall sold to John C. 
Dobelbower, but Mr. Dimmock continued editor. In 1866 it 
was destroyed by fire but was re-established and its publication 
was continued until 1869, when it was removed to Lafayette, 
Indiana. H 

Illinois Beobachteb, 1855-1S66: Established and published by 
John Reis, 1855-1863; V. Walter, 1863-1864; G. H. Weiglcr, 
1864-1866. WTiile conducted by Mr. Reis it favored the 
Douglas wing of Democracy, and under Mr. Walter was Repub- 
lican. It was a weekly German paper. Destroyed by 6re. 

Sucker Life Boat, January to July, 1855 : Comic sheet edited and 
published by John T. Beem, Martin Brooks, and Wilbur T. Ware. 

Missouri Ccmberiant> Presbyterian, 1855: In 1852 it was 
started at Lexington, Mo. In 1853 removed to St. Louis, and to 
Alton in i8s5- Edited hy Dr. J. B. Logan. In June, 1855, *^^ 
subscription list was sold and transferred to the WalchmoH and 
Evangelist, Louisville, Ky. 

Ladies' Pearl, 1857-1861: Edited by Dr. J. B. Logan and Rev. 
W. W. Brown in the interest of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
church. Monthly. 


Freie Presse. 1858-1859: Eslablished by Dr. Canbius, and with 
the second issue transferred to ChnsUan Schneider, who con- 
ducted it about one year. German. 

Weeklv Alton Telegkaph, 1858: A campaign paper edited by 
Messrs. Parks and Hnnis, Mr. Parks being the political editor. 

Daily Evening Democrat, 1859 to date (1865); H 

Star or Bethlehem and CANnin Kxaminer, (?): Edited by 

A. Doubleday. A religious paper; died with the first number. 

Western Cumberland Presb\teeian, 1862-1868+: Foundedand 
edited by Rev. J. B. Logan, to take the place of the St. Louis 
Observer, which left the northwest without an organ. Devoted 
to religion, morality, church news in general. In 1866 he sold 
the subscription lists to T. H. Perrin, but remained editor until 
1868, when Rev. j. R. Brown, bought one-half interest in the 
paper. Dr. Logan then purchased the subscription lists of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian and united with Dr. Brown. The word 
"Western" was dropped, and the paper called 

Cumberland Presbyterian, +1868-1874: In 1874 it was sold 
and removed to Nashville, Tennessee. D 

Good Templar, 1S65-1868: Edited by B. H. Mills. It bad been 
published formerly at St. Louis. Temperance. 

Banner, i&66-date: Established by Pfeiffer Brothers. In five 
months John Mold purchased paper and continued publication 
until 1868, when the leaders of the Republican party bought 
paper and put V. Walter in charge as editor. In i86g it was 
sold to Messrs. Meyer and Voss; 1870 Meyer purchased Voss' 
interest, and in 1877 sold to R. Boelitz. who in 1S81 sold to 
Messrs. Zcchmeister and Henzel; in 1882 Messrs. Kleinwot and 
Henzel became editors and publishers. Independent in politics 
after 1882. German, 

Temperance Watchman, 187a: Monthly. Edited by R. S. 
Smiley; published by E. A. Smith, "in the interest of the 
Temple of Honor and Temperance". Probably the ancestor of 
Temperance Banner. 

TempeKvVNCE Banner, 1S73-75: R. L. Snjiley, editor. Published 
by Eugene Smith. 

Our Faith, 1875-76: Monthly. Established by T. H. Perrin 
and Dr. J. B. Logan. It took the place of Cumberland Presby- 
terian. In 1876 it wa.<i sold to the St. Louis Observer. 

Christian News, 1875-1876: Monthly. Edited by Rev. Robert 
West. Published in the interest of the Congregational church 
by E. A. Smith. In 1876 it was sold to the Advance Company 
of Chicago. 


Democrat, 1875-1882+ : Established by J. N. Shoemaker and 
Hugh E. Bayle. In 1876 a daily was begun. Id three mcHiths 
the paper passed into the hands of Perrin, Smith and Company. 
The "company" was D. C. Fitz Morris, editor. In 187S FiU 
Morris withdrew from the firm but continued as editor. Com- 
bined with Scntinei in i88a. See below. 

Morning News, 1876: Edited by James J. Mclncmcy and Eugene 
J. Bsunson. Daily, Independent. Suspended in three months. 

Madison County Sentinel, 1879-1882+ : Established by James 
J. Mclnemey as an Independent daily. In 1&82 it was com- 
bined with the Democrat as Daily Sent inri- Democrat, with Mc- 
lnemey as editor and proprietor. Later it was published by a 
stock, company. In 1905 W. H. Muiphy l>ought a half interest; 
Mclnemey died in 1909, and Murphy sold bis interest to bis 
associates, who still conduct the paper. 


MiSKOR, 186S-1870: A shut lived Republican paper edited and 
published by E. Johnson and Company. J. S. McClelland was 
editor and publisher in :iS70. 

Swede, i86g{i) (?): Weekly. 

JocHNAL, i878-8o(?): Edmund H. Waldo was editor and pub- 
lisher in 18S0. Independent. 


Lee Coonty Times, 1855-1856: The stockholders were A. Ktnyon, 
W. E. Ives, John L. Skinner, John B. Wyman, H. B. Judkin, 
and W. B. Stuart. Edited by A. N. Dickens, brother of 
Charles Dickens. Changed to 

Ahboy Times, 1856-1866: Published successively by Cotrell, Pratt 
and Miller ; Cotrell, Pratt, and Somers ; Pratt and Co. ; Pratt, 
Shaw and Co. ; Gardner, Shaw, and Lewis ; Pratt and Shaw. 
Messrs. Goff and Shaw changed it to HF 

Lee Coonty Journal, +1866-1870+ : Originally the Lee County 
TirHcs, which changed to tlic Aniboy Times, tliis in turn chang- 
ing to the Lee Ctfunly Journal. First published, February 25, 
1866, by Goff and Shaw; from Februarj- to December, 1867, 
by Burrington and Shaw. From January 16 to December 24, 
1868, B. F. Shaw was editor and proprietor. Stimson and 
Corbus were publishing the Journal January- 6, 1870, and at 
least until March 10 following. In September, 1870, Wm. 
Parker changed the name to 

Amboy Journal, + 1870 to date : Changed by Wm. Parker from the 
Lee County Journal, and published by him from September, 1870, 



to September 6, 1873; W. H. Haskell, September 6, 187a, to 
October 15, 1879-, E. W. Faxon and Company, October 15, 1879, 
to February i, 1S81; Dr, C. E. Loomis, after February i, 1881. 
The paper was Republican in politics throughout its course. U 
News. 1878 to date: Established by J. Henry Adams and Wm. M. 
Gtddcs, who together published it for five years. Until 1882 
the News was issued from the office of the Paw Paw Herald; 
since that time from its own office. In 1882 William M. Parker 
was editor. For a short time in 1884 Adams and Preston were 
publishers; then, from October 18, 1884. until February 19, 1897, 
James H. Preston was editor and proprietor; Mrs. James H. 
Preston, publisher; Charles H. Eby, editor and manager, 1897- 
March 3, 1899; C. H. Eby to Januarj", ipoo. E. E. Chase 
bought an interest at that time and became sole owner in August. 
In December, 1900, he sold to Hcniy F. Gchant, who sold 
August 15, 1902, to Dafoe and Vaughn. Edited by R. G. Sher- 
wood for two months in 1902; then by E. O. Trickey. Since 
July 10, 1903. E. L. Carpenter has been editor and publisher. 
Under Preston, Democratic; since, Independent with Repub- 
lican tendencies. 


Union Codnty Record, i860 (?): Established July, i860, 

by W. H. Mitchell. Republican. 

Union County Herald, April 17,1 869 ( ?) : Established by S. D. 

Rich; Democratic in politics; soon sold to Dr. J. J. Underwood, 
who re-sold in a short time. The office was moved to Cairo. 

Advertiser, 1870-1873: Published by Dougherty and Galligher; 
Republican. After about two years it was taken to Jonesboro, 
where in a short time publication ceased. The office was sold 
to John H. Barton, and taken to Carterville, Williamson county. 

Union, March 1, 1875-1875: Started by A. J. Alden, of Cairo, who 
soon sold to J. J. Penny and returned to Cairo. Mr. Penny pub- 
lished the paper about six months ; then it died. 

Medical Rf.cister and Advertiser, 187 5-1876: Monthly. 
James I. Hale, M.D., was editor and publisher. 

Farmer and Fruit Grower, 1877-1897: Established by H. C. 
Bouton; semi-monthly until the fall of 1877, then weekly; 
devoted to agncultural and horticultural interests of Union 
county and Southern Illinois. It was sold to the Prairie 
Farmer about 1897. U 

Missionary Sentinel, 1879-1880: Establkhed by Rev, S. P. 
Myers in the interest of the German Reformed Church. After 
one year it was moved to Dayton, Ohio. 



Union County News, 1879: Edited and published by Hale, 
Wilson and Company. Independent. 


Index, 1870: D. A. Sheffield, editor; Herat C. Gann, publisher. 
Printed at the office of the Warren Smiinel. 


Record. November, 1866 to date : EstaWished by Richard Gruelle, 
who conducted it until his death in 1883. The paper was sub- 
sequently owned by Bassett and Wamsley. In 1899 M. H. Bas- 
sctt sold the paper to Nathan Collins and Sons. In May, 1905, 
Collins and Sons purchased the Areola Heraid, established 1S83, 
of J. L. Avey and consolidated the two as the Areola Record- 
Heraid, which they still own and edit. Nathan Collins died in 
1908. The paper is now published by Collins Brothers with 
Frank F. Collins as mana^ng editor. The paper devotes one 
page each week to the subject of broomcom. It was the first 
"aD home" paper in Douglas county. Republican. H 

DoDCLAS County Democrat, 1870- (after 1881): Independent. 

Established by H. H. Moore. 1870-1875; C. M. Leake, i87fr-(?) 

S. G. Cleviston was editor and publisher in 1879; in 1880 K. H. 

Moore ws£ again named as editor and publisher. 
Rock, 1872-1875: An evangelical weekly, edited and published by 

T. J. Shillon. 
Moore's Houk Monthly, 1877: "Devoted to home and Preside 

miscellany" by H. H. Moore. 


Cook County Herald, 1873- (after 1881): F. W. Hoffman and 
Company were editors and publishers in 1877. In 1879 A. S. 
Lindaey was editor, and John Flaherty and Company publishers; 
Herald Publishing Company in 1880. Republican. 

Cook County Chronicle, 187G (?): F. D. Dalton was editor 

and publisher in 1876. 


Gazette, 1875-1877: Edited and published by Lowe and Kloke. 
John Lowe was editor and publisher in 1877. Independent. 
Printed at the office of the Onarga Rtrviav. 


Weekly Eagle, March 2, 1876: A neutral paper started by John 
S. Harper. Weekly was dropped from the lille at the seventh 
number. After four months sold to A. F. Smith and removed. 


News, 1879 (7): John J. Smith was editor and publisher in 



Enquirer, June-September, 1856: Established by M. L. McCord. 
The excitement occasioned by the presidential campaif^n was 
too much for a paper that was trying to be neutral. Its publi- 
cation ceased late In September of 1856. 

Herald, 1870-1871: Established by L. E. Knapp. 

Gazette, 1876 to date: Established by A. W. O'Bryant, April 5, 
1876. Mr. O'Biyant was in 1879 still proprietor and pub- 
lisher. The name was changed to the Washington County 
Gazette, April 27, 1906, at which lime F. E. and W. C. O'Bryant 
became publishers. Republican. Files are kept in the office. 


Sentinel, i877-i88o(?): P. O. Sproul was editor and publisher 
in 1880. 


Independent, April 22, 1871-1874+: R. M. Carr, was pro- 
prietor; J. M. Rirce, local editor. Neutral in politics. Carr 
printed lite Independent in the ofEce of the Pana Gazette, until 
April 15, 1S72, when T. V. Park began its publication at Assump- 
tion. Six months later, the office pas.sed into the hands of a 
joint-stock company, with John L. Marvell as manager and 
editor. Owing to the lattcr's erratic management he was 
replaced by Richard Couch, July, 1874, who changed the name 
of the paper to 
Record, +1874-1876: Richard Couch was manager and editor 
for one year after its establishment in July, 1874. Then A. 
W. Chabin assumed management for nine months, after which 
the office was sold to A, M. Anderson and moved to Windsor, 
Shelby county. 

Press, September, 1872-1873 : John P. MamcU was editor and 



Advertiser, 1871-1872: C. R. Spore was editor and publisher. 
AsGtJS, 1876- (after 1881) : Independent. 


Logan County Forcu, 1855-1858: A weekly paper edited by S. 
B. Dugger. 



"Argds, May, 1869 to date: Established by Albion Smith. It was 
at £rst printed id Bloomingtoa. The Argus was edited and 
published from 1870 to the spring of 1873, by Albion Smith and 
F. B. Mills; 1873 to August, 1874, A. W. Briggs; August, 1874, 
till after 1880, George h. Shoals ; Horace Crihfield, then Crihfield 
Brothers, to date. Complete files owned by the office and by A. 
J, Ludlam of Atlanta. 

Property Skller, 1S71-1872: A monthly real estate advertising 
sheet, edited by Frank B. Mills; published by Smith and Mills. 


Herai.p, 1S73-1874+: I'ublished by I-owdermilk and Stover a.s an 
advertising medium. After five months sold to stock company. 
In 1874 M. G. Wadsworth of Auburn and W. F. Thompson of 
Virden purchased from stock company and changed the name to 

Citizen, +1874- (after 1881): M. G. Wadsworth was editor and 
publisher in 1879. Independent. 


Times, 1856-1857 : Established by L. S. Grove and Son. F 

Home Banner, December, 1864-1867: Established by W. P. 

Campbell, who after a year was succeeded by W. R. Carr. 
Hkr-ULd, August, 1878-1880: Established by Henry E. Allen. 

After about a year it was transferred to Silas Robinson, by whom 

it was dl^icontinued in 1880. 


Peoplk's Pi-ATFORM, 1846+: Established, issucd, and edited by 
Isaac Marlett; Democratic in politics. This was the first paper 
published in Aurora. It was soon removed to St. Charles, 
Kane county, then a more important town than Aurora. It 
continued to be puldishcd in St. Charles under difTercnt names, 
but ceased puljticatiou shortly after the presidential campaign 
of J 860. 

Deuocrax, August 6, 1846 (?): Established by C. and G. 

Ingham. In politics it was "Democratic as understood by the 
Jefferson and Jackson school." C. and G. Ingham were the 
publishers. Short lived. P 

Beacon, June, 1847 to date: Founded by M. V. and B. F. Hall, the 
former a Whig, and the latter a Democrat. In politics the paper 
had two political departments, one Whig, and the other Demo- 
cratic. B. F. Hall disposed of his interest and the paper was 
Whig till the organization of the Republican party, when it 
warmly espoused the principles of tlial party. In the winter of 
1353-1854 James W. Randall and bis brother Dudley purchased 


the Bt4icon. The RandaUs were succeeded by a number of pro- 
prietors, among them N. S. Greenwood and George Brewster. 
On September 6, 1856, the Daiiy Beacon appeared, with A. C. 
Gibsonaseditor, and J. W. Randall and N. S. Greenwood as puJ>- 
ishers, but it was suspended April 30, 1857. lo July, 1857, the 
Beacon and the Gtiardian were consolidated, and called Republican 
Union, owned by J. W. Randall and Simeon Whiteley. Suspend- 
ed, butin September, 1857. reifivcd by Augustus Harman, whohad 
been the editor of the Republican Union, and Oscar B. Knicker- 
bocker. In 1858 Harman retired. 1858-1859, George S. 
Bangs; Bangs and Knickerbocker, 1859-1866. In 1S66 Bangs 
sold to Knickerbocker. In the same year John H. Hoddcr pur- 
chased an interest. Knickerbocker and Hoddcr continued the 
publication until the death of Mr. Knickerbocker In 1885. In 
the early 70s the Beacon started a semi-weekly edition, and in 
March, 1891, Mr. Hodder issued a daily, published ever since. 
On Mr. Hodder's death, in 1903, the paper was sold to a stock 
company. George W. Stephens is the present editor. Com- 
plete files in the office. PUF 

Guardian, 1852-1857 -f : Established by Simeon \Vhileley and Ben- 
jamin Wilson, editors and proprietors; politics Democratic 
until the repeal of the Missouri compromise; then Free Soil, 
and afterwards Republican. Mr. Wilson retired from the paper 
at an early dale. In July, 1857, the Guardian and the Beacon 
were consolidated, tlic new paper being called the Republican 
Union; the proprietors were James W. Randall and Simeon 
Whiteley. This firm lasted but a few weeks. PF 

Republican Union, +1857+: A consolidation of the Beacon 
and the Guardian; James W. Randall and Simeon Whiteley 
proprietors, Augustus Harman editor. After five numbers Ran- 
dall sold his interest to Whiteley, who then engaged as editor 
T. Herbert Whipple, afterwards one of the editors of the New 
York World. After the retirement of Randall this paper was 
caUed PF 

Repctbiican, 4-1857-1858: With the change in name the paper 
was re-reduced in size. February la, 1858, Mr. Whipple became 
"corresponding editor," Mr. Whiteley assuming the general 
editorship. The last issue appeared November 5, 1858. P 

Temperance Monitok, March, 1858-1859: Started as a temper- 
ance organ by James P. Sndl. It survived about a year. Mr. 
Snell entered the army at the beginning of tlie Civil War, and at 
ita close became editor of the Mendoia Bulletin. £ 



Reformek, July, 1S58-1860: A sixteen-page monthly. Established 
by Augustus Harman and Ellen Beard. It was discontinued in 
June, i860, h declared itself "to be what its name indicates," 
and fought ardently for proliibition. dress reform, etc. Miss 
BL-ard soon became Mrs. H.»rman. She assisted her husband 
in the editorial department, set type, canvassed for subscribers, 
and lectured. 

Temperance Tocsin. April lill fall, i860: A sliect half the size of 
the Rejorntfr, established liy .Augustus Harman and wife, in- 
tended for local circulation. Mr. Harman died in (he fall of 
i860, after which Mrs. Harman continued the publication of the 
Tocsin for a short time. 

Chfonicle, Fcbruaiy, 186 1 : Established by John H. Hodder, 
editor and proprielor. This paper existed about six months. 

flERALD, June, iS66-ipo.i: Established by Tliomas E. Hill. He 
was succeeded in the ownership of the paper by the lirms 
of Hill and Gale; Gale and Shaw; Shaw and Bangs; Ban«s, 
Owen and Ford; and Bangs and Owen. In 1^71 the paper 
was purchased by Pierce Burton, who in 1874 sold a half 
interest to Mr. James Shaw, who re-sold to Mr. Burton in 
1880. The latter continued the paper until he established 
the .Aurora Daiiy Exl>ress in rSSa, and ihereafter the Herald 
was the weekly edition of that pajier. Originally Republican 
in politics, under Mr. Burton it was Independent. In 1876 it 
supported Peter Cooper for President; and it advocated Green- 
back principles as long as the party of that name had a 
national organizalion. Mr. Burton retired from business in 
1903. After several changes of ownership, the Express ceauied 
publication in 1Q03, and with it perished also the Herald. PU 

Weekly, June, 1H67 : EstablUhed by Dudley Randall ; had a brief 

Argus, 1S67: This paper was in some sort the successor of the 
.Aurora Weekly. It was established by Dudley Randall, and 
edited by him and W. H. H. Brainard. Possibly there was 
simply a change of name without change in proprietorship or in 
the character of the paper. 

VoLKSFREiJND. iS68 lo date; Established by Peter Klein and Jacob 
Siegmund. In 1871 Mr. Klein purchased the interest of Mr. 
Sicgmund, and has since continued sole proprielor. Republican 
until 1884, when it supported Cleveland for President. It soon 
became Republican again, and has remained so. May 27, 1895, 
a daily edition was started, and has been conlinued. U 

City Life Illustrated, 1871: Founded by Dudley Randall and 
continued several months. Life attained a large circulation for 
those days. 



Free Methodist, 187J-1874+: A Free Methodist weekly, moved 
from New York City by Louis Bailey. Purchased in 1874 by 
D. P. Baker and T. B. Arnold, who moved it to Sycamore. 

Aiurv RxcoRD, 1873-1874 : Monthly advertising sheet edited and 
published by James D. Fox. Apparently chaut^cd the next year 
to Army Register, and the dale of cstablishraoit moved back 
one year. 

Vedette, 1S73-1874: Edited and published by Toimshendeau and 

DAitY Globe, 1874; Issued only one day. Establi-shcd by a Mr. 
Turner, a printer employed in the Beacon office, and printed by 
Jacob Sicgmund. On the very day of publication, however. 
Turner left, and a Utile later Siegmund presented Turner's 

Daily News, February 22, 1874; Founded by Jacob Siegmund 
and Charles M. Faye. The first daily paper in Aurora to main- 
tain a permanent existence. Mr. Faye sold his interest to Mr. 
Siegmund in September, 1875, and was succeeded for a few 
weeks by Orville B. Merrill. On Februao' 1. 1876, Willis B. 
Hawkins became owner of oue-tialf the plant. Hawkins 
remained with the News for several years. On his reliriiiK, Mr. 
Siegmund published the paper for a time, with Richard W. Cor- 
bett as editor. In 18S4 Mr. Siegmund sold the plant to Edward 
Northam and Eben F. Beauprd, who published the paper about 
two years, and then sold il to John K. Dewey, la i8qi Mr. 
Dewey sold to Walter S. Frazier. From Mr. Frazier ownership 
of the paper passed at his death to Lincoln B. Frazier, a son. 
Under the proprietorship of L, B. Frazier the News has con- 
tinued. W. W. Clark is the present editor. P0 

Evening Post, 1878-1897 : Daily ; established by a printer named 
Welch. From Welch's hands it passed to those of Peter Klein 
and Louis A. Constantinc, under the firm name of Klein and 
Constantine. This co-partnership was of less than six months' 
duration; then Peter Klein transferred his interest in the paper 
to his partner, who kept the Post going for nearly twenty years. 
In 1&97 Constantine was appointed postmaster of Aurora, and 
soon after this the Evening Post was discontinued. 

Independent, .September. 1878: Established by F,dward Keough, 
formerly of the Elgin Times. The Independent was started 
as a Democratic paper; but the Democrats of Aurora apparently 
did not care fur an organ, and the Independent lived but a 
short time. 





Register, 1876 (?) : Established by George Jahn and Bethune 

Dishon. Democratic. Mr. Uishon retired in 1877 leaving Mr. 
Jahn editor. In Rowell for 1879, Dishon is given as editor and 


News, 1876 { ?) : Lambert, and Connor were editors and pub- 


Sentinel, 1879 to date: Established by H. J. Herbertz. Mr. Her- 
bertz retired in 1880, being succeeded by Mark Ullery. In 1881 
H. G. Leigh purchased an interest, the partnership of Ullery and 
Leigh continuing three months, when \V. E. Stevens purchased 
Mr. UUery's interest. In 1883 Mr. Stevens became sole owner, 
leasing a half interest to Geo. E. Simmons for two years; in 1885, 
W. W. Vose succeeded Simmons, the partnership continuing two 
years. W. E. Stevens has been the editor and publisher since 
Januarj' i, 1S88. Files are at the office. 


Hekai.d, 1877-after 1881 : Edited and published by J. A. Ballinger, 
and later by W. G. Alden. Printed at the office of the Palatine 


Entekprise, {Y) : A paper establislied by George W. Smith in 

the sixties. Not mentioned by Rowell for 1869. 

Dispatch, (?): A short-lived publication begun in the sixties 

by Shaffncr and Goldsmith. Not mcDtiuued by Rowell for 1869. 

Observer, 1870-1871: Established by L. L. Burke. Within a 
year was suspended and removed. 

Adage, 1871 to date: Established by M. H. Cobb, publisher, and 
J. H. Cobb» editor, 1871-1878; S. E. Colgrove, 1878-1K79; 
John H. Cobh and W. W. Watson, 1879-1880; W. W. Watson, 
1880-1898; A. E. Hess, 1898 to date. Independent. 

Unicorn, 1877+ : Edited and published by Simeon Fitch. Started 
as Republican, soon changed to Greenback, and the name was 
changed to 

Unicorn Greenback, +1878-1887: Edited and published by 
Simeon Fitch, who is said to have written chiefly in verse. The 
paper declined with the Greenback movement, which il had 




Expositor, 1852: Edited by James Risk and others. Short-lived. 

Fox River Expositor, January, 1856 (?): Another short- 
lived paper, apparently not connected with the foregoing. Edited 
by James Risk; published by Risk, J. Van Nortwick, and A. M. 
Moore. Democralic. F 

Abgus, 1857 : Edited by T. W. Stitt, M. D. and Elijah H. Eyer. 
Soon moved to St. CharleR. 

News, i86tj — December, 1908 : Published by Clark A. Lewis. Asso- 
ciated with him were A. J. Roof at the beginning; O. B. Merrill 
for awhile in 1870; R. N. Youngblond; and C. A. Schaffter. 
Mr. Lewis was sole editor and proprietor, iSS^-igc?. In 1907 
he leased the paper to Whittleton and Merter. They continued 
three months. After two weeks' vacation the publication was 
resumed by William M. Wrightman Ijut was again discontinued 
in De<;eniber, 1908. U 

YouNC .\DVOCArii, 187 1 : An amateur semi-monthly, edited by John 
F. Dewey. Short-lived. 

Fox RivtR Times, 1876: Kslabli.shcd by A. J. Roof, Mr. Gales, 
and Mr. Fox. Lasted three months. 


Beardstown Curonicle and Illinois Bounty Land Adver- 
tiser, June i8, 1833-34: Establiiihed by Francis Arenz "as one 
of several enteq)riscs he engaged in for dcvcUipinji; the new coun- 
try and incidentally promoting his own ba-iiness interests." 
Arenz was a Whig, but the paper was neutral, under the manage- 
ment of John B. Fulks. In the fall or winter of 1834 the plant 
Was sold and moved to Rushville. S 

Gazette, August 15, 1845-1853+: Established by Sylvester Em- 
mons, who had precipitately removed from Nauvoo after issuing 
one number of an .Anti- Mormon Expositor at that place. The 
paper was Whig, violently inimical to Democracy and Mormon- 
ism. Emmons sold in 1852 to C. D. Dickerson, who after less 
than eight months sold to J. L. Sherman, who changed the 
title to S 

Beardstown and Peteksburo Gazette, December 9, 185a- 
1854-f-: Conducted by J, L. Sherman as a Whig organ until 
probably 1854. when he sold to B. C. Drake, who changed the 
name to S 



Central Illinoisan. + t854-i86i : Conducted by B, C. Drake as 
a WTiiR paper until the organization of the Republican party, 
of which ii at once became a supporter. In 1858, before the 
beginning of the Douglas and Lincoln joint debates, Drake 
began a daily, which he continued until the beginning of the Civil 
War, when he closed the office and enlisted. S 

Democrat. March 12, 1858-1865: The lirsl Democratic paper in 
Beardstown ; established by W. D. Shurtliff, and at first edited 
by Shurtliff and Davis. Tn 1863 J. K. Vandemark was made 
editor. He resij^ned in ihefall; in 1863 Charles R. FLsk and wife 
bought the paper and continued it until the close of the war. S 

Gazette, 1860+ : Esublished as a Rcpublicun paper by one 
Mitchell, who conducted it until the fall of i860, when it was 
taken over by a joint slock company of Republicans, who changed 
the name to 

Central Illinoisan. + 1861 .\prii 5, 1883 + . Managed by Logan 
V. Rea\ns for four or t'lve years, then by the office foreman until 
March. 1867. when John S. Nicholson took charge. He be- 
came sole proprietor in June, 1868, and conducted the paper 
until April 5, 1883, when he sold to James G. Rice, owner of 
the Cass County Democrat, who merged the two papers as Illi- 
tunsan-Dnnorrat. He sold in (Jctoher to Kugcne Clark, who 
rechristened the paper Beardstown lUinohan, and sold to Jnhn 
S, Nicholson. Ch.ingifd from weekly to semi-weekly, April, 1884. 
In April, iHgy, united with Star 0} the IVesl (established 1S88 
by H. C. Allard and made a daily March 7, 1892) as Illinoisan- 
Star, etlited by Nicholson and ]iubtished by Nicholson anil Al- 
liLrd unti[ igos; since then by Nicholsrin and Fulks. It is 
now edited by J, S. and E. F,. Nicholson. It has been coiisijil- 
ently Republican. S 

HEHALn, 1872-1873: Established by Henley Wilkinson and J. U- 
Lusk as an "out and out" Democratic paper willing to support 
Greeley to beat Grant. A county-seat fight and the election of 
Grant discouraged the proprietors, whu sold early in 1873 to D. 
G. Swan, who made the paper Liberal Republican. It lasted 
but a few months, when it was removed to Bushnelt. 

Craitpion, September 25, 1875-1876: Established by George Dann, 
Sr, George Dann, Jr., and George W. Thompson,' with the first 
named aseditor. Independent in politics. Soon suspended. 

Cass County Mkssf.nckk, 1876-1879 -(- : Established by George 
Oann, Sr., as a Democratic paper. Before the end of the first 
year Forrest H. Mitchell was associated with Dann as editor and 
publisher, but withdrew In August, 1877, and was succeeded by 



W. B. Bennett. Oann sold in 1879 to Joseph P. Sailer, who 
changed the name to 
Cass County Democrat, +1879-1883+: Democratic; conducted 
by Joseph P. Sailer until i88a, when J. Sam Fulks and George 
Martin became associated with him and they started a dally. 
It was unsuccessful, was sold in 1883 to Darb. McAulley, and by 
him tu James G. Rice, who merged it with Central lUinoisan to 
form lUinoisan-Dcmocrat. 

Bf.ciba<:htf.r am Illinois Fluss, 1877-1878+ : Established by 

Rev. A. Schabcrhom, who in the faU of 1878 sold to Theodore 

Wilkins, who changed the title to 
WoCHENBLATT, +1878-1882: Conductcd by Theodore Wilkins 

until bis death in 1881 , when the paper was sold to Ross and Sod^ 

who removed it in 1882. 


Eastern Will Union, 1S79 to date (1880): C. E. Carter was 
eilitor and publisher. 


Westehn News, 1826-1827 • -^ weekly paper, published irrqjularly 

by Dr. Joseph Green. Politically "whole hog'* Jacksonian, but 

conducted chiefly 10 serve Green's political aspirations. 
St. Clair Gazette, 1833-1838+ : A "whole bog" Jackson paper 

nublkhed by Rolwrt K. Fleming; publication often interrupted. 

For a part of this period the name was St. Clair Mercury. It 

was merged with 

REPHESENTAmT AND BELLEVILLE News, 1837-1838+ : Edited 
and published by Edward S. Cropley. At some time after 
December 22, 1838. combined with Gazetle to form H 

Representative AND Gazette, + i 838-1839 +: Edited and pub- 
lished by Edward S. Cropley, who had run the Representative. 
It failed, and from it came the 

AuvocrATE, +1839 todate: Editcdand published bv James L. Boyd 
and John T. C. Clark, 1840; Mr. Boyd. 1840-1842; Philip B. 
Fouke, 1842 ; R.K.Fleming,- -: E. H. Fleming, 1849; 

William K. Plcming, 1849 

Mr. Fleming changed it to a 

daily which was edited by Jehu Baker. It was in charge of 
and edited by John W. Merritt, 1850-1851; Judge Niles, late 
in 1851 ; E. H. Fleming and Mr. Xiles, who bought and absorbed 
the Illinois Independent in 1852, when a daily was issued, 1851- 
1854; Mr. Fleming and James S. Coulter, 1854-1855; Mr 
Coulter, 1855-1856; Judge Niles, 1856; Mr. Niles and F^ward 
Schiller, 1856; Mr. Niles, 1856-1857; Collins Van Cleve and 
T. C. Weeden, 1857-1860. In i860 E. J. Montague be- 



came proprietor. In i86i the Newsletter of Mascoutah was 
consolidated with the Advocalr; the title was made Weekly 
Belleviile Advocaic and News Letter, and Alexander G. Dawes 
became assistant editor. In the same year the property reverted 
to Van Cleve. Dawes soon retired and F. M. Hawes became 
editor. In October Weekly was dropped from the title. G. F. 
Kimball bought the paper in 1863. Hawes was still editor. Id 
1867 F. M. Taylor bought an interest. In 1873 Taylor bought 
out Kimball, and continued the paper till 1S90, when he closed 
the oflicc. J. H. Thomas bought the equipment and the paper 
was continued after a month, with G. F. Kimball as editor. He 
soon retired. The Advocate is now edited and published by 
Belleville .Advocate Publishing Company. Originally Dem- 
ocratic, the paper had become I'>ee Soil in 1857, and later 
Republican, AEWSPHUF 

Der Frfiheitsbote fur Illinois, 1840: The tirst German paper 
in Illinois, priutcd in St. Louis, but is-sued in Belleville. It was 
conducted during the Harrison- Van Buren campaign and "griff 
mit hcsonderer Schiirfe den Nativismus an." Gustav Kocrncr 
was publisher, and wrote nearly all the editorials. ^Viter two 
weeks its title was changed by the addition of utid Misiouri. 

Spirit of '76, Januar>', 1839: A Whig paper, started by Casper 
Thielc and Company, which lived but a short time. 

Great Western, May 11, 1839-1841 : The material of Uie Spirit 
0} '76 was bought by J. R. and H. H. Cannon, who in effect con- 
tinued it under the title ol Great Western. Whig. File owned 
by descendants of Edward W. West, in Belleville. A 

Fabmkrs and MKrHANi(--s Repository, September 3, 1842-1843: 
Started by C. and J. L. Sargent, with Flam Rust as editor. They 
leased the Great Western establishment after Cannon had died 
and his paper had ceased. R. K. Fleming was printer. In 
1843 the Repository suspended and the outfit was sold to Louis 
P. Pensoneau, who started the Si. Clair Banner. Whig. A 

St. Clair Banner, August i, 1843 (O: Edited by Wm. C. 

Kinney. Democratic, supportinj; Van Buren. Apparently not 
same as Banner below. F 

Politician, April 13-June 8, ( ?) 1844 : A small humorous paper ed- 
ited and published by F. A. Snyder and Company, in which the 
editor asserted that he would support no man for public office 
who was not confident that he deserved the office. S 

Illinois Beobachter, 1844: A German paper started by Theodore 
Englemann, who sold it to Bartholomew Hauck and he moved 
the ofEce to Quincy, where it was continued until 1848, when Mr. 
Englemann induced Mr. Hauck to remove the of&ce back to 
BeUeville, and the Zeituni appeared. A 



St. Clair Banner, April, i845-Mav, 1847+ : Edited and published 
by Louis P. Pensoncau, who in 1S47 sold lo D. W. Gelwicks and 
Louis Tramble,' Changed to APF 

Times, +1847-1849+ : I-Mited by WLlUani C. Kinney and pub- 
lished by D. W. Gelwicks and LouL»i Tramble. It represented 
Democracy. Sold to (Jcorgc Han*ey and Tom Walker, who 
changed it lo 

Illinois Republican, +1849-1852: At first it was published by 
Messrs. Harvey and Walker, and edited by Jcdediah Judson. In 
181J2 it was purchased bv judge Nilcs and absorbed by the 
Advocaie. ' PHF 

Zeitung. January, 1849 ^^ date: A German paper established by 
Theodore Englemann and Bariholomcw Hauck ; the former was 
editor. Che latter, publisher. Gustav Koemer became connected 
editorially with the paper in 1849; Hauck bought Englemann's 
interest in 1852; Franz Grimm first became edit<]r in 1853; 
after four months he was succealcd by August Kattmann. 
Grimm went to Memphis and in T854 established Slimrne des 
Voikes, the first German paper in Tennessee. January, 1854, 
Hermann Fiedler became editor ; then Hannibal Seylem ; 
Dr. r. Wenze!, 1855-1856. Dr. Wenzel established the Volks- 
blalt soon after his withdrawal from the Zeitung. He was suc- 
ceeded by Franz Grimm, 1856-1857; W. Vollrailh, 1857. 
Hauck sold to Friedrich Rupp, 1858, who formed a p^irtnerj-lup 
with F. Grimm of the Volksbiatl, which was then discontinued. 
F. Grimm was editor, 1S58-1861; Ludwi^ Seibold. 1861-1862; 
Edward Lindemann, 1862; Adelbcrt Lohr. 18G2-1863; Charles 
Neubert, 1863-1874; Heinrich C. Miiller, Baruliardt Hartmann, 
1874-1875; Eugen Seeger, 1876-1877; G. Rentschlcr, 1877; 
L. W. Habercom, 1877-1879. Stern dcs Wexterfi was absorbed 
in 1877, and Der Slrrn la 1881, when the title of the paper be 
came Ztitann und Stern. Sebastian Feilsam bought the paper 
in 187.^. He owned the litimtis Rcpublkan, which was then 
absorbed in the ZcUung,. George Semmelroih bought a halt 
interest in 1874; Heinfelden, Semmeln.»tli, and Metschan became 
its owners in 1881 ; Heinlelden became sole owner in 1886. In 
1888 C. Angleroth became editor, and the title again became 
Zeilung. August von Lengerke was editor in i8go; William F. 
Dose, 1S91. In i8gi Fred W. Kraft and Kred j. Kern bought 
the paper and Carl Brandt became editor. The Zeitung was 
consolidated with the Post in 1893 as Pat und Zeilung. Ma.\ 
Gronefeld became editor; William C. Kuffner and George 
Scmmelroth were owners. In the same year Kuffner died; Mr. 
Scmmelroth formed Ihc Belleville Post and Zeitung Publbhing 

■Giut&v Koerner In hla Memolrt nid that Iw wrote moat of the u-licl«s tn 
both tbft Baniur Attd th* BtobathUr. 


Company, of which he was chief stockholder :ind business man- 
ager. He died in 1895 and his son, Hermann Semmelroth, 
succeeded him. A. W. Fischer was editor 1895-1896; Otto 

Steucmagcl. 1896-1898; Krilger, 1898 . Began Asa weekly; 

a daily was considered in Januar)'. 1853, and a trial number issued 
in December, when Belleville had no railroad and no telegraph 
office. A few numbers of a daily were issued in January, 1855 ; 
began again November, 1855, and continued till June, 1857; 
pennauenlly established August, 1876. In politics originally 
Democratic, moditied under Wenzel; ^itrongly anti-sIavcry 
under (Jrimm, who made the paper a piwerful influence from 
1858 to 1861; supported Lincoln in 1860, (irecley in 1873; 
Independent til! 1884, Democratic until 1893, Republican 
since. Files 1856-1857, i860 to date in the oflSce. PUF 

Sun. 1851 : Kstablished by E. H. Fleming. After thirty-six numbers 
it was joined to Advocate and conducted by Mr. Fleming as fore- 
man and Judge Niles as editor. 

F.ACLE, 1854+ : Managed by Bevirt and Shoupe and edited by 
Governor Reynolds for a while. At first it was a daily but soon 
changed to a weekly. Changc<i to S 

St. Clair TjtimiNK, + 1854-1858: John B. Hay was manager and 
William Orr editor, 1854; Edward R. Stuart and G. A. Harvey, 
i8!;4; Mr. Harvey and William E. Hyde, 1854-1856; Mr. Har- 
vey, 1857. In 1857 it was sold to Van Clevc and Weeden, 
owners and publishers of the Adiveale. P 

Der Farmer des Westens, March, 1856 : An agriculturalpaperpub- 
lished frum the Zeitung office. It was continued but a short time. 

Voi-KSBLATT, 1856-1858: German and anli-slavcr)-. F.slablislied 
by Dr. F. Wenzel and edited by Louis Didicr, 1856-1857 ; Franz 
Grimm, 1857-18^8. In 1858 it was con.solidatecl with the Zei- 
tung. P 

Demokrat, 1856-1857: Edited by Dr. Wenxel, except for a few 
weeks, during which time it was edited by A. RuoO. German 
and a supporter of Democracy. P 

Sun, 1857: listablished by E. H. Fleming, it was also joined to 

Democrat, 1857-1883 + : Published by Messrs. W. F. Boyakin and 
H. L. Fleming, 1857-1859; E. R. Stuart and W. H. Shoupe, 
1859-1860; W. F. Boyakin was editor from the tirst; G. A. 
Harvey, 1860-1863; Duelinger and Russell, 1863 to 1883, when 
the Democrat was combined with the News as the Xetv.K-Demo- 
crat. Fred J. Kem succeeded William J. L^nderwood as editor 
and manager January t, 1890, and has continued in that position 
to date. HPU 


Star op Egypt, 1858-1859: Campaign paper edited and published 
by Ex-Govemor RejTiolds and J. W. Hughs. Supported Sidney 
Breese against Douglas fur the Senate. 

Banner, 1859; Edited and published by H. L. Davidson. Dem- 

Daily Despatch, March y-August 3, i86i : EstablishL-d by Thomas 
H. Fleming and G. M. Williams. In twelve days it was trans- 
ferred to G. A. Harvey; in five months it cea.*ied. P 

Miner AND Workman's Advocate, 1863-1866 : Established by John 
Hinchclifie. It was very successful and u'as printed on the first 
steam power press run in soulhem Illinob. Removed to East 
St. Louis, where after one year it was discontinued. 

Stern df.s Westens, 1S65-1877: Published by Mr. Schmall from 
whom it passed into posses-sion of Semmelroth and Kircher; 
Kircher sold to Daniel Hertel; Hertel retired and Semmelroth 
became sole proprietor. In 1868 to 1872 Henry Huhn was 
editor. It was sold in 1873 to Frederick E. Scheel; in 1877 it 
was consolidated with Zeiiung. U 

Freie Presse, 1868-1870: Established by a joint stock company 
with Mr. Mueller as editor. Democratic campaign paper. After 
the campaign the press was bought by Mr. Brickley of Red Bud, 
where publication was resumed with A. C Helmicj as editor and 
Peter Baker, publisher; soon after removed to Belleville, where 
after another year it was suspended. German. 

People, 187&-1874: Union Newspaper Company editors and pub- 
lishers, 1871; Kimball and Taylor, 1872; F. M. Taylor, 1873; 
Western Printing Company, 1874. Printed at Advocate office. 

Illinois Republicaner, 1872-1873: Established by a stock com- 
pany of leading Republicans, with Henry Huhn as editor and 
manager. In 1873 Sebastian Feitsam bought the stock and. 
soon afterward, bought the Zeilung and merged the two, 

TREtTBUMD, 1873: German; run in the interest of a benevolent 
society. Eslahlisbed by Messrs. Semmelroth and Company. 
Edited by Dr. Neubert. Short-lived. U 

Independent, 1877-1878: Removed from New Athens by George 
Auerswald. Continued but a few months. 

Stern, 1877-1881: Established by Belleville Printing Company 
with Frederick E. Scheel. editor. In 1878 made daily, at which 
time Henry Huhn became editor. German. Democratic. It 
was absorbed by Zettung. 

Reform. 1878; Established by George C. Bunsen. Advocated 
socialism and communism. Died after four or five months. 


Journal, 1878; Established by L. W. Habercom. German. 
After twenty issues sold to Zeitung. 

Republican, 1879 (?): Established b> Dr. T. W. Erkert. 

In live months be sold one third interest to G. F. Kimball and 
one-third lo S. C. Mace. In four months Erkert purchased their 
interests and became sole owner again. In i88i one-half in- 
terest was sold to H. U. Knight. 


Journal, 1877: Glesaner Brothers were publishers. Independent. 

Praikik Bkacon, about 1847: A neutral paper edited by J. P. 

Nichols. Listed in Illinois Annual Register for 1847. 
Standard. 1851-1897: Published by Ralph Roberts, 1851-1897. 
Democratic up to 1856 when it became Republican. PublishwJ 
weekly. PSF 

Republican, 1848-1850: Edited by J. W. Snow. It was an ex- 
ponent of Whig principles. 

— , 1859; Two or three numbers of a weekly Issued by 

a "Professor" Gowcr. Printed in Rockford. 

Indkpenwent, (?) (?): J.Nelson Brockway. Republi- 
can. Printed for a short time only. 

Union, (?) (?): Jackson Republican. Lasted a ycaror 


BooNK CouNTV Dbmocrat. 1 864: Established by a Mr. Wilson 
and continued throuf^h the campaign of 1&64. 

BooNR County .Advertiser, i867(?)-i87o. Established about 
1867 by W. H. Caldwell. OlTKe movttJ to Rock Falls. 

Northwestern, 1H67 to date: Established by F- H. Talbot. 
Sold to R. W. Coon in 1S70 and to Alson W, Keelcr in 
i888. Charle.s R. Truitt owned a half interest for several years. 
commencing 1895. In 1899 it was sold to Professor Wilgus and 
conducted by him for a lime and sold again lo Mr. Keelcr. It 
was afterwara conductorf for a short time by J. H. Carpenter and 
then by an incorporated company untlcr t!ie editorship of A. C. 
Collins. Republican. Daily edition began in 1893. Later 
combined with Rf publican as RepubiUan-N orthwcsUm. UE 

Courier, 1870: An advertising sheet issued by Caldwell and 

Daily Index, 1875: Established by W. C. Coatcs. Lasted two 

or three months. 
Curiosity Hunter, +1876: A paper published September, 1837, 

to July, 1874, at Rcxrkford; discontinued; resumed at Bel\*idere. 


Recohdek, 1878-1881: Founded by C. E. Kelsey and W. A. 
Welsher. In November, 1878, Welsher retired and ('. A. 
Church succeeded him. Messrs. Church and Kclsej* published 
the paper as a semi-weekly until 1881. 


Union, 1861; Established by James Shoaff. Shori-liveil. 

Courier. i86g(?) (?); Weekly. 

F.-^RMERs' Ad\ocate, 1873-1875 : Mil. A. Bates was editor and 

Reoister, 1875-1.S77; J. H. Jacobs, editor and publisher. Re- 

In'dependent, 1 878 : Kstablishetl by Bcnn Biddlecome. Inde- 
pendent. Short-lived. 


Journal, 1872-Cafler 1880); F,. F. Baldwin, editor and publisher 
1874-1875; Journal Company, 1876 . Republican. 


Standarp, 1849 to date: Democratic paper er.ited by Ira Van 

Nortwick, 1849-1850; Edward V. Pierce, 1850; Mr. I'ierce 
and John G. Goessman, 1850-1851 ; Mr. Goessman, 1851-1857. 
For a J ear or two James Macklun associated with Mr. Goes.s- 
man. Up to the time Mr. Goessman became editor the pres.s 
and material were owned by citizens of Bentim. Kdiled ana 
published by Mr. Pierce, 1857-1858. From before 1S79, iind 
after 1887, .\. M. Brownlcc was editor and publisher. Hassett 
and Oultcn, who changed the name to Plaindeairr, moved ihe 
concern lo Du Quoin and established the Du Quoin Repuhlkan, 
advocating the election nf Lincoln as United States Senator, 
(Boss,' Early Newspapers 0} fUtnois, p. if.) ' Only partial 
files in oRicc. UF 

Democrat, i860 (?): Edited and published by A. and G. 


National Banner, 1868: Failed and published by Thomas Gal- 
lagher. Republican. Short lived. 

Bapiist Banner. 1874- (after 1881) ; A Baptist church publication 
with \V. P. Throgmorton editor, and J. C. Turner, publisher. 
Apparently it was moved lo Cairo in 1881 and there published 
as lianntr and Gleaner. 

■ Bum's tUttaowat Mtcin* in ntvz. m the editor g( SianiiarJ uuerU tlwl it 
liw been pubUihsd oontlnuoualy ia Beatoa since 1849, and U stfll there. 



Franklin County Chronicle, 1879 to dale: Established by John 
A. Wall. Sometime later owned by Charles H. Sneed. 
James S. Barr, Jr. was edilor and publisher in 1887. Plant 

burned in -(?). Afterward James Barr revived the paper 

under the name Republuan. Sold to R. D. Kirkpatrick; then 
to J, T. ChenauU and W. \V. McCreery (Mr. Chcnault was 
editor) ; in 1898 to Uarr)' L. 'I'ricr, who still conducts it. Repub- 

Frankllv County Courieb, 1874-1877: Hinson and Gamer, 
1875-1876; J. M. Hinson and Brother, 1R77. Democratic in 
187s; Independent. 1876-1877. 


Henukr!M)n Plaindealer, 1867-1869; Moved (rom Oquawka 
liy a stock company and edited by Ira D. Chamlx:rlin. After 
a year it was turned over to Judson Gravc-s. After about a year 
and a half he removed the paper to Kirkwood, and attcrward 
to Galcsburg. 
CuppEH, May 29, 1875 to date: Established by M. M. Rowley, 
who was editor and proprietor until May 1, 1908. He is stiU 
proprietor, but S. Frank Rowley has been edilor and publisher 
since May i, 190S. Republican. 


.\rgds, 1857 (?)+: It was published for about a year by 

George W. Smith, who was followed by Charles Cornell. It 
was changed to the Hmllcr, and is now the Gazeite, edited and 
published by John H. Bayliss. Democratic F 

Lancet, 1869-1871 : R. L. Kimble, edilor and publisher. Neutral. 

Era, 1875-1876: W. C. Brawn, was editor and publisher. Inde- 

McDoNOucn County Deuocrat, 1877 (?): .\ Democratic 

paper, edited and published in 1879 by J. G. Hammond. George 
S. Fuhr, editor in 1880. SliU extant in 1881. 


Observer and McLean Cointy Advocate, January 14, 18J7- 
1839: The newspaper published in McLean County ; 
foundeil by James .^llin, Je*.se W. Fell, and Ijeneral A. Gridlcy. 
The fir^t editor wa." WiUtam Hill; aftcraycar he was succeeded 
by Jesse W. !"cll. The material for the paper was shipped from 
Philadelphia via New Orlcana and was several monltis in transit. 
The issue of January 13, 1838, is in the Withers Public Library; 
that of .April 32, 18.^7, owned by McLean County Historical 
Society. P 



McLean Codntv Register. i845-i84G*- SUrted by Ru&sell B. 
Mitchell, who was succeeded by C. P. Mcrriman. Ht began the 

Westehn Whig, 1846-1852 + : Established by C.P. Merriman, 1846- 
1849; Messrs. Johnson and Underwood, 1849-18511 published 
by Messrs. Mcrriman and Jesse W. Fell, and edited by Mr. Fell, 
1851-1852. Files in Withers Public Library; vol. 3, no. 45- 
v(M- 5, no. 52; (September 18, 1849 — November iQ. ^^51. 
many missing). McLean County Historical Society has odd 
copies from December 25, 1847, to August 27, 1851. In 1852 
Mr. Merriman became its proprietor, the name having been 
changed by Mr. Fell to the PF 

Intelligencer, +1852-1853+; Mr. Merriman changed the name to 
the Pantograph. File, January 14, 1852 -November 16, 1853, 
in Withers Public Library. Copies owned by McLean County 
Historical Society. PS 

, Pantagraph, + 1853 ( ?) to dale : In June, 1854, Jacob Morrb bought 
a half interest; C. P. Mcrriman became sole owner and editor 
in November, 1855. In 1855 he sold to William E. Foote, who, 
with E. J. Lewis as editor, continued it till January, i860. Then 
in 1861 he was succeeded by Carpenter, Steele, and Briggs; 
tlicn, in 1867, by Jobn D. Scibird and Orin Waters; Jesse W. 
Fell, W. O. Davis and James P. Taylor, 1868. Editors 
smce E. J. Lewis; William E. Foote, H. B. Norton, Thomas 
Moore, J. H. Burnham, F. J. Briggs, B. F. Diggs, E. R. Roe, 
J. B. Bates, W. O. Davis. Davis was publislier and proprietor, 
F'ebniary 20, 1871, to December 18, 1907, when the property 
was incorporated, with W. O. Davis, president, H. O. Davis, vice- 
preaidcnt, C. C. Marquis, secretary ana treasurer. Started as a 
weekly, a daily was issued beginning June 19, 1854. After a 
few months it was changed to tri-weckty, till October, 1855. 
Weekly till February 23, 1857; daily and weekly ever since. 
Republican. The Pantagraph has long been one of the best 
known papers in Illinois because of i(s conservatism and re* 
liability. The peculiar name is explained by C. P. Merriman as 
derived from panta, neuter accusative plural of the Greek adjunct 
pas, plus graph, imperative of grapho. 

Complete file in rooms of McLean Co. Hist. Soc. AUPSF 

Reveille, 1848-1850: A Democratic paper started by James 
Shoaff, editor, and Joseph Duncan. Removed to Pekin. Copies 
owned by McLean County Historical Society. 

State Bulletin, May, 1850-1853+ : Established by H. K. Davis; 
edited and published by him until 1852. Sold to E. Strafford. 
In 1853 edited by Washington Wright and owned by C. Wake- 
field. In the same year its name was changed to 



IlunoisCentbal Times, +1853-1855+: Conducted by W. Wright 
until [854; then by Wright, Underwood and Sharp; then bought 
by Meyers and Miller; then Mc>ers and D. J. Combs; bought 
by J. and B. F. Snow in 1855. The establishment was destroyed 
by &re in October, 1855. The paper soon reappeared as the S 

Times, November, +i855-Augusl. 1862: The paper was con- 
ducted by J. and B. F. Snow with such marked southern pro- 
clivities and such expressions of sympathy for the southern states ) 
that tile ninety-fourth regiment, Illinois Volunteers, a McLean ( 
County regiment, abetted by prominent citizens, destroyed the ^ 
office and press, and with them the paper, in August, 1862. A 

National Flag, 1855-1858+ : Published by Samuel Pike and his son, 
Wallace Pike; a daily edition was published in 1857 by Edson and 
Aiken. It became the McLean Co. Hisl. Soc. Lib. F 

Illinois Statesman, -^1858-1860: Published by Henry P. Mer- 
riman and Charles E. Orme. McLean Co. Hist. Lib. 

Illinois Teacher. i855-T857-f : The first annual state teachers' 
institute, held at Peoria originated the idea of the Teacher. W. 
F. N. Amy wa.«; appointed its first editor. It was conducted at 
Bloomington for two years, with Merriman and Morris as pub- 
lishers ; then it was moved to Peoria, and later to Springfield. S 

Illinois BAPnsT, 1856-1858 (?): A religious publication, pub- 
lished by William P. Withers; edited by S. J. Bundy, H. J. 
Eddy, and E. R. Rue. After a brief career it was combined with 
Northwestern Baptist or Christian Times of Chicago. 

McLean Co. His. Sac. Lib. F 

McLean CouNrk' Echo, June 12, 1863-1864: A daily, edited and 
published by C. P. Merriman. Vol. r, nos. i, 6, 9, 15 owned by 
McLean Co. His. Soc. Lib. 

Repubucan, May, 1865-1774: Established as a daily, with Major 
S. P. Remington as editor. Soon changed to weekly, and con- 
ducted by A. B. Holmes and brother. 

Repciblicas Advkrtiser, 1865-1874: A bi-weekly advertising 
sheet issued by the Republican. 

McLean County Journal, 1865-1868+ ; Established by F. F. Luse 
and £. B. Buck. It was sold to A, J. GuS and changed to 

Journal, i868-t- : A. J. Goff was editor and proprietor. In No- 
vember, 1868 Goff sold to Scibird and Waters, who changed it to 

Leader, -f-November 15, 1868-May, 1899; John D. .Scibird and 
Grin Waters were proprietors and Elias Smith editor. Estab- 
lished as a weekly, an afternoon daily was started February 23, 
iSOy. This soon changed to a morning i^suc but was changed to 
evening again in 1870. B. F. Uiggs and C. P. Merriman were 



political editors; owned by a stock company, 1872-1874, with Orin 
Waters as manager. In 1874 Orin Waters became sole owner 
and publisher. In 1875 the establishment became the property 
of M. F. Leland; in i8gi Leader Publishing Company; in 1893 
L. A. Cnss was owner and editor; in iSg; Owen Scott and H. 
C. De Molte, who continued the publication until 1899, when 
it was absorbed by the Bidi^in. Republican. PU 

Democrat, April, 1868-1873+ : S. S. Parke and D. B. Williams 
arc mentioned as the first editors, followed Ijy C. L. Steele, P. H. 
Hayaud E. P. Stephenson. Weekly until April, 1871 ; daily and 
weekly after that date. Purchased by Joseph Carter andrenamed. 

Anti-Monopolist, -f-August, 1873-1874+ : Established by S. S. 
Parke. After August, 1873, it was edited and owned by Joseph 
Carter. Ably edited and frequently quoted. It was merged with 
the McLean County Anti-Monopolist. 

ANZKtc.ER, i868-i873(?): A German pa[)er L-stablishcd by G. 
Clemen. In 1872 C. M. Henrici was editor and proprietor; in 
1873 Dr. E. H. Makk, after which it seems to have been dis- 
continued. Became a semi-weekly. Republican. 

Temperance Standard, 1868-1873: .\ pajier devoted to temper- 
ance and prohibition. J. E. Nichols was editor and owner. 

Wesleyana, 1866 — (?): Issuedat Wesleyan University. James 

H. Shaw was editor ; R. A. Eaton and R. B. Cresswell, publ^hers. 

Merchants' Advertiser, 1868: Published by A. B. Holmes. 

Schoolmaster, 1873-1886+ : Succe.ssor, in a way, to the JUinois 
Sckooltf acker. John Hull was the first editor. He was suc- 
ceeded by Aaron Gove, E. C. Hewitt and John W. Cook. Mr. 
Cook and R. R. Recder edited it until 1886, when George P. 
Brown became editor and tlic title was changed to Public School 
Journal. The name was again changed in 1900 to Home aftd 
School Education. H 

Advance, (before 1870) : Had a brief existence. 

Evening Argus (before 1S70): 

Deutsche Volks-Zeitunc. 1870: Edited by Carl Vesofskt. Short- 

McLean County Deltscite Presse, March, i87o-(?): Estab- 
lished by John Koester, and conducted by him until his death, 
when it was discontinued. Liberal in politics. For several 
years it was the only German paper in the county. U 

AtDMNi Journal, June, 1870-1876: Issued by Illinois Wesleyan 
University. Edited by Professors H. C. De Molte and B. S. 
Potter. It was succeeded by 



Studknts' Journal, 1877-1881: Published by ihe Students* Pub- 
lishing Assomtion of Illmols Wcslcyan University; edited by 
H. C. De Mottc. Monthly. 

Real Estate Joubval, 1871-1876: O. B. Harris was editor and 

Banner op Holiness, October, i872-<after 1881): Established 
by Henry Reynolds and John P. Brooks. Brooks sold to L. B. 
Kemp in 1874; Or. J. E. Voak became publisher in 1875, and 
Brooks was editor. Religious. 

Little Watchman, 1873 (?) : A Sunday School paper pub- 
lished by the Leader Company, with Levi H. Dowling and knox 
P. Taylor as editors and owners. 

Illinois Trade Review, November, 1873: Established by A. J. 
Goff and E. C. Hewitt. Short-lived. 

Enterprise, 1873: Published by Patrick H. Day. 

Western Jurist, May, 1874-Apri! 28, 1881 : A monthly law jour- 
nal, edited by Thomas F. Tipton ; published by Tipton and HiU, 
1874-1876; Newton B. Reed was associate editor, William Hill 
and Company publishers, 1876-1877; Thomas F. Tipton and 
James B. Black (Indianapolis, Ind.), editors, Newton B. Reed, 
managing editor, 1S77-1878; Orlando \V. Aldrich, editor, 1878- 
i88t. Title was changed with vol. 4 to Monthly Jurist; the 
name and character were changed with the issue of June 36, 1879 
(vol. 6, no. 9) to Weekly Jurist^ a Newspaper. Discontinued 
April 28, 1881. H 

McLean County Anti-Monopolist, 1874: Removed from Say- 
brook by O. C, Sabin. After one year A. J. Goff bought the 
Anii- Monopolist and combined with it the Saybrook Banner 
under this title. Supported the Grange movement. It was 
probably succeeded after about a year by 

Rehcjblic, 1875: A short-lived paper edited and published by A. 
J. Goff. 

Post, 1874-1878: A German weekly estabUshed by H.J. Stierlin. U 
Appeal, 1875 : An independent weekly established by Henry Sturges 
and Thomas Wolfe. Suspended after about a year. 

Western Adv.\nce, 1875-1879: EstahlisbeH and edited by Robert 
D. Addis and George L. Curtis. 

Odd Fellows Herald, 1876-1891(7): Established by Matthew 
T. Scott, with George M. Adams as editor. Removed about 1891. 

Deuocratic News, January, 1877-1879: Edited and published 
hy Dudley Creed. Consolidated with the Courier^ November, 
1879. P 



Sunday Hebald, July, 1877; Continued for only three months. 
Herald op Health, 1878- - — t?): Pubtisbed by Dr. Elias W. 

Gray. Not mentioned m newspaper directory of 1879. 
Spuut of the Grange, July aa . 1876 ( ?) : A weekly, published 

by R. M. Guy. Vol. i, no. 7, August 3, 1876, owned by McLean 

County Historical Society. 
Sunday Morning Star. 1879-1880; A. B. Holmes, publisher. 

SoNDAY Morning Eye, January, 1878-1898: A society and literary 

paper, the second attempt at Sunday journalism in Bloomington. 

Established by H. R. Persinger, who sold in 1S86 to George M. 

Hutchin. Mr. Hutchin sold to the Bulietin in 1898 and the 

paper was no longer published. The paper is referred to in one 

place as Saturday Truth and Sunday Eye. 
Journal, 1878 to date: A German paper established by Frederick 

A. Schmitt. After a few months H. Meyer became editor 

and owner. It was later bought by Julius Dietrich, who stilt 

conducts it. 

Weekly Courier, 1879; \ short-lived Sunday joumaL 


Herald, 1873-1876+ : Established by C. A. Feistcom. In 1876 a 

daily was established under the name of Press. Changed to 
Standard, + 1876 to date: A. F. Freed, editor and publisher, 1877- 

; Wade Errett and John Volp were editors and publishers, 

1890-1894; Wade Errett, 1894-1904; L. L. Errett, 1904-1908; 

C. Errett, 1908 to date. Independent. P 


Record, April 25, 1878 (?): Edited by Dr. W. C. Carverand 

published by him and James Linkins. W. C. Carver ioon be- 
came sole proprietor and editor. 


Chronicle, 1871-1872: Established by B. F. Thomson, editor, 
and E. H. Edwards, publisher. It was printed at Princeton 
until the Wyoming Post was started, after which it was printed 

at that office. Short-lived. 


Western Mlner, 1870-1873: John Jamas and WUliam Mooney 

were editors; Alexander Mcintosh, publisher. 
News. 1S73-1874: Establi.shed by Jacob Warner. Soon sold to 
Oliver J. Smith. 



JOUSNAI., 1S73-1S76: Established by Thomas Simooton, and cod- 

'lucted by him until 1876. 
REPUBticAN, June, 1875- (after 1881): Established by Fred Dalton. 

Soon sold to H. H. Parkinson. Became a daily in 1877. 
Herald, 1876: A campaign paper nm by Jacob Wamer. 
Daily PufENix, 1877: Established by R. W. Nelson. Only a lew 

numbers isaued. 
Reporter, i879-(after 1884): Established by Edward U. Conley- 


Advance. April, 1871-1880: A. G. Mcacham was editor and pro- 
prietor until 1875, when A. M, Parker bought in the Shipman 
'Inie Flag and the firm became Meacham and Parker. R. D. 
Suddclh leased Mcacham's interest in 1876. and was succeeded 
in 1877 by L. H. Chapin. Parker bought Mcacham's share in 
the next year and continued the paper. Neutral in politics till 
1876, thenceforward Republican. U 

Nkws, 1879 to date: Eatablisbfd with Holly Glcnny as editor; 
Snively and Kessncr, publishers. After a year L. H. Chapin 
succeeded Gleany. Later a Mr. Rtibcrtson bought the paper; 
then Frank Mernll. succeeded by William C. Merrill. A. Wil- 
liam and George Amass bought the paper from Merrill, and 
in 1907 sold to W. D. and Roscoe Franklin. They sold January 
I, 1909, to W B. Teistort, and he, July i, 1909, to Frank W. 


Gazette. 1874-1879+: F.stabli»hcd by R. H. Miller, who Liter 
moved the paper to Elmwood and from there issued a Brimfield 
edition with C. H. Hamilton as associate editor. Independent. U 

Peoria CovtiW News, 1879 to date; Established by Moody and 
Chapman; sold to R. P. Chaddock, 1S80; Charles F. Ovcracker, 
1S88; J. F. Pope and Addison Pace>', 1889; Addison Paccy, 
1S94 to date. Files since 1889 in the office. The name has 
been changed to the Brimfield News. Independent. 

Kknijall Clarion. 1859-1861. 


MoNiTOB, 1879+ ; Established by William L. Courow. Bought by 
John W. Bartholomew and changed to 

News, -(-i879-(after 1883) : F^Ublished by John W. Bartholomew; 
sold to a Mr. Van Doren, who was conducting it in i&S^. It has 
since been discontinued. 



Enqdir£R, 1875- (?): Lowe and RiRgs were etlitors and 

publishers, 1875-1876; Lowe and Cowan, 1877; Lowe and 
Warren, 1880; E. W. Warren, 1882: J. F. Pierson, 1884. In 
dependent. Printed at the office of the Onarga Review. 


Telegrai^, 1869-1870: Charies M. King, editor and publisher. 

Call, October 26, 1877-1879: Established by M. M. Monleith 
and continued aljout two years. 

Home Gdard, 1879 ^- : Established by H. P. Fitch. Soon changed 

WeeklyCajx, +1879+ : AodsoldtoD.B. Payne, who changed the 

name lo 
Gleaner, 4-1879-1880+: This continued one year, when it became 

the Bureau Couniy Times. In 188a it became the Buda Prexs 

Afterward discontinued. 


Journal, December, i8s9-May, i860; Edited by E. J. Branson. 
Union Gazette. Januarj-, i866-r869(?)-f-: Established by A. W. 
Edwards and conducted by him as a Republican paper until 
Januaf)'. 1867, when he sold to A. R. Sawyer and F. Y. Hedley, 
who made it Independent in politici. Sawyer died in 1868 and 
the paper again became Republican under Hedley- The name 
was changed to 

Gazette, +i86gC?) to date: F. Y. Hedley continued as editor and 
proprietor until January, 187H, when W. S. Silence became 
publisher. Said and Poorman leased the paper in January. 1S79. 
1-ater, Phil C. Han.'^en edited the paper for a stock comjiany of 
local merchants, who bought it about 1895. Hansen bought the 
stock later and sold in 1903 to \V. B. Powell, then running the 
Nrws (established 1900), who combined the two as Cazelle-News, 
an Indqiendent paper. He sold lo Edward Wilson in 1904, 

who a year later sold to Trucsdale, the present editor and 

publisher. Independent Republican. P 


Union Press, 1865-186S+; Established by D. G. Swan. After 
about two years he sold lo .Andrew Haguman, who changed its 
name to 
Record, +1868 to date: After two years sold to .^i. W. Van Dyke; 
he sold in 1873 to S. A. Eppersan and W. A. Spencer. Epperson 
became sole owner in 1874. In 1S79 it was edited and published 



by the Record PubUshlog Company. In 1907 John R. Camp 

was editor and publisher. Republican. 
People's Paper. 1872-1873: D. G. Swan was editor and publisher. 
Gleaner, January, i876-(after 1S84): Established and edited by 

J. E. Cummings; Van Dyke and Cummings, 1882; A. W. Van 

Dyke, 1884. Indqjcndent. Discontinued. 


Nkws, 1874-1877 : P^tablished by Isaac B. Bickford, who had pur- 
chased the Forreston Journal, moved it to Byron and changed 
its name. It was not revived after the fire of November 13, 
1877, when the office was entirely destroyed. 

Times, 1876 (?) : Established by E. H. I^ve, soon succeeded by 

Dr. \Vm. V. Artz, who sold to C. E. Howe. On May i , 1877 G. 
W. Hawkes purchased an interest in the paper, and it was puh- 
ll*5hed by Howe and Hawkes until October 32, 1877, when Howe 
retired and Hawkes assumed entire management. Apparently 
it had been discontinued before 1881. 

Express, 1878 (?): Ervin and Hewitt were editors and 

publishers: in 1884, A. VV. Ervin. 


Gazettk. 1 841: Established by a Mr. McNeer. The paper was 

forced to discontinue after a short timp, owing to its failure to 
support one Holbrook, then the most intluential man of Cairo. 

Delta, 1848-1849: Established by Add Saunders; neutral as to 
politics. A file, April 13, iR48-JuIy, 1849, is extant in Cairo. F 

Sun. 1851-1852: Established by Frank Rawlings. It was run in 
the interest of the Emporium City Company, which company 
desired to break down Cairo and to buUd the great city at that 
point. Democratic. 

City Times, 1851-1855+: Edited by Lcn G. Faxon and W. A. 

Hacker, 1854-1855; latter part of 1855 by Hacker and Willett. 

It was merged with the Delia. Democratic. 
Delta, 1855-4-: It contained in its columns but little politics. 

Edited by L. G. I'axon, and after four months' existence it united 

with the Times and became known as the 
ToiEs AND Delta, +18^5-1859: Edited by Faxon and E. Willett. 

Tri-weekly and wcL-klv. 
Egvptlan, 1856+ : Established by Messrs. Bond and McGinnis. 

This was Ben Bond, the youngest son of the first governor of 

Illinois. Democratic. It soon passed under the control of 

5. S. Brooks, and the name was changed to F 


Gazette, +1856-1864: Edited bv Mr. Brooks. 18^6-1858; John A. 
and James Hull, 1858-1859;' M. B. Harrcll, 1859-1864. It 
was destroyed by fire in 1858 and the Messrs. Hull moved the 
Carhondalc Transcript to Cairo. Harrcll sold the paper tn 1864 
to Cairo News Company, Republican, organized by John H. 

Journal, 1858: Publbhed for only a few months. A German 

ZErroNC, 1859: Published semi-weekly for four months. It was 

issued from the office of the Gazette. 

Egyptian Obelisk, 1861: Established by William Hunter; Re- 
publican ; continued through two issues only. 

Daily News, i86.?-i865: Established by a joint stock company 
under management of John W. Trover; Republican; the first 
Cairo paper to take the Associated Press dispatches. Dan 
Munn, its tirst editor, was succeeded in a short time by John A. 
Hull. Publication continued intermittently until 1865. 

Democrat, August 3, 1863-1868: Daily and weekly; established 
by Thomas Lewis, who moved it from Springfield, niinois. This 
was the first effort made to run a fully equipped metropolitan 
daily in Cairo. A serious obstacle was the maintenance of mar- 
tial law in the town. .\ll of southern Illinois and parts of Ken- 
tucky and Missouri supported the Democrat. H. C. Bradsby 
was first editor, assisted by C. C. Phillips and John \V. McKee. 
Bradsby was succeeded after one year by J. Birney Marshall, 
who, retiring after some months, was succeeded by Jod G. 
Morgan. After a short time John H. Obeily replaced Morgan. 
In 1868 the Democrat and the Cairo Times, were consolidated 
imder the name Democrat; John H. Oberly, editor; H. L. 
Goodall, general superintendent. After fifteen months the paper 
was sold by the sheriff to John H. Oberly, and publication 
ceased. Files are owned by Hon. J. M., as follows: 
October- December, 1865; '1S66, 1867, a part of 1868. SHP 

Camp Register: May, June, July, 1861. Daily, for soldiers mostly. 

Daily Dramatic News, winter of 1864-1S65; Published by H. L. 
Goodall in tlie interest of the Cairo Alhcnenm. 

War Eagle, -1-1864-1866-*-: A soldiers' paper first published at 
Columbus, Kentucky, by H. L. Goodall, who moved it, 1864, to 
Cairo; Republican; enlarged and published from the latter part 
of 1 866 as the 

Times, -f- 1866-1878-)- : Major CafTrey was general editor. 
After a brief suspension it was re\-ived, 186&-1871, by H. L. 
Goodall. In 1869 it was published by Goodall Brothers. In 



1878 it was absorbed by the Democrat. Files of the War Eagle, 
for three or four months including April, 1865, are owned by Mr. 
Lansdcn. Republican. Dafly, then daily and weekly. P 

Monday Leader, March, 1865 ^?): Vol. 1, no. 4, April 17, 

1S65, is in the Public Library. P 

City Item, September, 1865-1866: Established by Bradsby 
and Field; not a serious efiEort at a paper; Independent in 
politics; lived something over a year. P 

Union, 1866: Established by H. L. Goodall; Mr. Hutchinson, 
editor. The paper was soon sold to J. H. Barton and publica- 
tion discontinued. Republican. 

Sdkday Leader, 1866: Established by Edward S. Trover. A 
literary paper, issued every Sunday morning; its editor was 
the sole contributor. 

Oi.i\'E Branch, 1867: By Mrs. Maiy Hutchinson; a family paper; 
lived one year. 

BtTLLETiNf November, 1868 to date: Daily; established by John 
H. Oberly. who was chief editor, with M. B. Harrell as associate. 
July, 1878, the office was leased to Mr. Burnett, who, January r, 
1881, became sole owner and proprietor. During the first years 
of Burnett's control, M. B. Harrell was editor. He was suc- 
ceeded by Ernest Thielecke, and he, by the present editor, E. W. 
Thieleclce. Files, 1868-18S2, are owned by Hon. J. M. Lansden. 


Son, 1869-1881 : Established by D. L. Davis. After a few months, 
changed to a daily and soon thereafter sold to the Jay brothers, 
who, having discontinued the publication of the Sun .started 
the Nrws, January 1, 1881. After the daily was established 
the weekly was called Sun and Commercial. A file, August- 
October, 1878, is owned by Hon. J. M. Lansden. U 

Paper, 1871-1876: Established by M. B. Harrell; name changed 
after a short time to Gazttte,- which it remained imtil 1876, 
when the paper was sold and moved to Clinton, Kentucky. 

CouMERCiAL, 1872-1873+ : Louis L. Davis was editor. Consoli- 
dated with Sun in 1873. 

Argos-Jofrnal, + 1876-October, 1907 ; Begun in 1864 at Mound 
City Ob Weekly Argus and Mound City Journal, this paper was 
moved to Cairo In 1876, named Argus- Journal, and issued from 
both towns. Edited and published by H. F. Potter. Indepen- 
dent. Soon after the office was moved to Cairo, there was issued 
Uotn the same office the U 




Daily Abcus, iSyS-October, 1907: An independent paper edited 
and published by H. F. Potter. It was discooLinucd with the 
preceding. U 

Radical Republican, 1878: Issued for a short time from the office 
of the Sun. Louis L. Davis v>-3A editor and publisher. 

Three States, ^ (?) -February, 1883: Colored; politics un- 
known; died February, 1883. 

Gazette, (?) ( ?) : W. T. Scott, a negro, was editor, 

proprietor, and publisher. 

Pulaski Democrat, 


(?) (?): 

Given in Gerhard's list 

for 1856 as published by Mr. Miller. 


Henry CotTNTV Gazette, i853-i856(?): Edited by J. W. Eystra. 
Sold to citizens of iCewanee. 

Henry Codntv CHROpacLE, 1858 to date: The first editor was Dr. 
Dunn, 1858-1861. In i860 Messre. Patten and Dcnison leased 
the office and press of the company. Mr. Patten was botli owner 
and editor, 1861-1866; Everett and Casson, 1866-1867; George 
C. Smithc, 1867 till after 1S79; in 1907 edited and published by 
John M. Mavity. 

Democrat, July, 1S69-1871 + : Started by a number of Democrats, 
with J. L. Rock, from the Chicago Times, as editor. After a few 
months it was sold, and then edited by J. G, Ayers until iSyi, 
when it was sold to B, W. Stuiton, who brought his Prairie Ckiej 
from Galva via Toulon and renamed the Demotrat 

Praisie Chief, -|-November, 187 1 to date: Given in Rowell as a 

Democratic paper established in 1867, and edited and publiiihed 

in 1879 by B. \V. Seaton.^ The name was afterward changed to 

, Chie}. In February. 1902, B. W. Seaton sold bis interest to his 

son, John H. Seaton, the present editor and publisher. U 


Enterprise, April, 1866-Novemlicr, 1872: Established by Wil- 
liam R. Carr. In 1869 Ira D. Chamberlain was editor and E. 
E. B. Sawyer, publisher. Material purchased to establish the 
Journal. No files in existence. 

Journal, February, 1873 to date: Established by George W. 
Cyrus and Thomas Bailey. Mr. Bailey retired in 1876; Mr. 
Cyrus still publishes the paper. Independent in politics. Com- 
plete 51es in the ofBce. 




Herald, 1837: Edited byG.B.Perryand P. Stone. It was short-lived. 
Western Telegraph, 1840-1841-!-: Edited by Stone and Christ. 

Changed to 
Fulton Telegraph, -f-1841 : Edited by Messrs. A. L. Davison and 

P. Stone, and published by Mr. Stone. A 

Fulton Bamnfb, 1843 (?): Augustus R. Sparks was editor 

and publisher in 1846. Democratic. A 

Democratic RtPOsnoRV, 1847-1848; Edited by C. J. Scllon. 

Register, 1849 to date: For a few months it was edited by C. J. 
Sellon, and the next few months by Slaughter and Sharkey. With 
Mr. Sharkey as sole proprietor it wa.s edited for a short time by 
John S. Winter. In 184Q Mr. Sharkey secured the services of 
John S. Brooks a.s editor, when it Iietame a Democratic organ, 
being neutral before. Il soon became neutral figain, but opposed 
the Kansas- Nebraska bill- In 1856 it became Republican. In 
February, 1850, its publication ceased and the ofljce fell into the 
hands of T. Maple, who. in August^ 1850, sold it to Thomas J. 
Walker of Belleville, Illinois. He revived il and employed Wil- 
liam H. Haskell as editor. M. A. I-. Davidson became partner 
and editor. From 1852 to 1853 the paper was run by Mr. Nicolet 
and Mr. Davidson. In 1853 Mr. Davidson died and his interest 
was purchased by AIphcu.s Davison — it now became neutral as 
to politics, (t was susfHrnded for two months in i86a, both of 
its proprietors being in the array. In 1866 the firm name became 
Nicolet and Magie, issuing a Republican paper. I-alcr the firm 
name was Magie and Tanquary ; in 1875 Mr. Magie became 
sole proprietor. Jesse N. Berrj- and F.. R. Magie, .ton of former 
editor, lea,sed and edited it from 1877-1878, when James K. 
Magie and Son became its editors. In 1878 it favored the 
National (jieenback party and lost its inilucnce. Then C. E. 
Snivcly purchased it, changed it to a Republican organ, and has 
conducted it ever since. Files in the oStce. A dailv was started 
in 1890. ' SUF 

Illinois Public Ledger, 1854 to dale: It was started at I^wis- 
town in 1850, and is now knoftu as the Fuiton County L^ger. 
Eaited by Griffith and Bideman, 1854-1856. Thornton and 
Bideman, 1856-1857; S. Y. Thornton. 1857-August 2. 1909, 
on which date S. Y. Thornton died and was succeeded by his 
son, W. E. Thornton. Mr. Thornton was the first editor to give 
space to local notes in the Ledger. The Illinois Public ledger 
was changed to the Fulton l^lger, and after Mr. Thornton got 
possession it wa.s changed to the Fulton Couniy Ledger. Dcmo- 
aatic. F 


Advertiser, 1877-1879+: EsUblished by Horace J. Leigh and 
Gilbert L. Miller. Successively non-partisan, Republican, 
Don-partisan. C. W. Kent purchased Mr. Miller's interests in 
1879, when the paper changed its name to 

Courier, +1873-1875: Davidson and Son, editors and publishers. 

Illinois Master Workman, 1875-1878: Succeeded by 

Advertiser, 1878- — ~ (?): This was succeeded by 

Times, 1879 {?): "Independent of party or sect." Succeeded 

in tuni by Repuhlican, Cantontan, and Leader, the last of which 
expired in 1906. H 


Messenger, 1869-1871; Edited and published by Wing and Saw- 
yer, 1870; M. W. Nesmith and Rev. J. Hitchcock, 1871. 

Herald, 1878 (?)- 1887 : A. H. S. Perkins ran thb paper "for eight 
or ten years" and discontinued it in 1887. 


Transcript, 1857-1858+; Edited by J. A. Hull. The paper was 
moved to Cairo In 1S58. Files in possession of General D. H. 
Brush, U. S. A. (See Cairo GaictU.) 

TncES, 1859-18634-: Established and edited by J. A. Hull. Al- 
though Democratic in its politics it denounced the Southern 
cause and strongly favored the Union. It is said to have been 
the first Democratic paper in the West to assume this attitude. 
Hull sold in 1863 to J. H. Vincent, who changed the name to 

New Era, -f 1863-1873 -I- : J- H. Vincent, who had made the paper 
Republican, sold to John H.Barton in 1866. In 1870, J.H.Barton 
is named as editor; Hull and Roberts, 1871 ; John A. Hull, 1872. 
Sold to Reverend Andrew Luce, who changed the name to 

Observer, + i873-i883(?) : Lucesold after several years to Colonel 
D. H. Brush, who soon sold to C. W. Jerome. Reverend Mr. 
Holding became editor. In 1876 Will, Van Bcnthuscn and Mor- 
gan bought the paper, but in 1877 it reverted to Mr. Jerome, 
who later sold to A. Ackerman, who was editor and publisher in 
1879. Republican. 

Herald op Truth, t869(?) (?): Weekly. 

Jackson County Era and Southern Illinoisan, 1873 (?): 

Published at Murphysboro; dated from Murphysboro and Car- 
bondale. Republican. (See Murphysboro.) 



Democrat, 1876: A Democratic campaign sheet established by 
Bell Irvin, who edited it till August, when it was taken in charge 
by John \V. Burton. He sold to Morgan Brothers, who started 

Free Press, 1877 to date : E^ted at first by J. H. Barton ; and pub- 
lished by the Free Press Company in 1907. It b managed by 
Charles Reitb and John Galbraith. A dally was started in 1903. 


Macxjppin Statesman, March 4, 1852-1855+ : Edited by Jefferson 
L. Dugger, 1853-1855. It was an advocate of Wliig principlef. 
Changed to SF 

Macoupin County Spectator, +1855-1868+: Edited by George 
H. Holliday, who made it a Democratic paper, 1855-1857; 
Charles E. Foote, 1857-1858; John F. Meginness, 1S58-1861; 
Messrs. Shinkel and Gray, T86i-i86a; Horace Gwin, 1862; 
J. R. Flynn and P. B. Vanderen, 1862. The last named soon 
became the responfible proprietor and editor and he continued 
it until 1868, when the Mcrritts of Springfield and J. A. I. Bird- 
sell became possessed of it. Pending the negotiations between 
Foote and Meginness the Spectator was suspended from De- 
cember 21, 1858, to January 12, 1859. The Merritts were con- 
nected with the paper for only a short time. BirdscU changed 
its name to 

Macodpin Times, -hi868-i87i+ : He remained its editor, 1868- 
1870; H. R. Whipple, 1870-1871. In 1871 the leading men of 
the Democratic party of CarlinWIIe concluded to form a joint 
stock company and publish a more thoroughly Democratic 
paper. The work of canvassing for the stock was assigned to 
Restores C. Smallcy. Wlien the stock was sold and the money 
raised, the company bought the Times printing office. The 
name of the paper was changed to 

Macoupin County Enquirer, +1871 to date: Edited by E. A. 
Snively, 1871-1877; Samuel Reed, 1877-1879. In 1873 the com- 
pany leased the institution to Mr. Snivdy and he published it until 
1877, when W. H. Reed leased it. In January, 1879, Reed was 
succeeded by E. A. Snively and L. C. Glessner, and in March, 
1883, Mr. Gles.<incr sold out to Mr. Snively, who soon sold the 
paper to E. B. Buck. In August, 1886, W. J. and C. J. Lumpkin 
took charge of the paper and eventually bought it. Since the 
death of W. J. Lumpkin a few years ago C. J. Lumpkin has been 
owner, editor, and publisher. When Messrs. Snively and Gless- 
ner succeeded Mr. Reed, Ihcy discontinued the Herald. The 
paper was semi-weekly until 1879. A daily was started in 1896. 




CUNTON County Pioneer, February, 1874-1878. Established by 
Harc^n Ca«. George E. Doying, and John Schuster. It 
was issued from the ConsUiiition-Urtion office. In 1876 Doy- 
ing retired and his interest was purchased by H. Case. Schuster 
retired in 1877. Case sold the paper to F. IliJdebraadt; publi- 
cation wa5 suspended in April, 1^78. German. 

Sued Illinois Zehitng, 1876- (about 1898): .-V paper established 
by John Ruf, who was editor and proprietor until about 1898, 
when, on the death of J. W. Pt-ierson, Ruf bought the Union 
Banner and discontinued the Zriiung. German Republican. 


White Cotn«TY News, 1833: 

White Countv Advocate, +1859-1873+: A Democratic paper 
moved from GrayvMle to Carmi before the fall of 1859 
(See Graj-ville). In the course of 1858-1859 the Advocate was 
edited by Henry Charles, R. F. Stewart and John Craig, who 
moved it to Carmi; George A. Malone, fall of 1859 to August, 
1869; Charles W, Beck, August, 186^ March ao, 1873, Mr. 
Beck changed the name of the paper to the 

Weekly Courier, March, i873-(after 1883): Originally the U7j;V« 
County Advocate; changed by Mr. Beck before he soEd to W. F. 
Palmer. March 20, 1873. While still in Mr. Palmer's charge, 
February, 1881, the name was changed to the Dollar Courier. 
W. F. Palmer was succeeded January 15, 1882. by C. L. Hayes. 
Mr. Hayes was still editor of the Courier in 1883. 

Times, July, 1872 to date: Established by Thomas L. and Andrew 
Joy, with the firm name of E. Jo/ and Sons. E. Joy's 
connection was financial. All of the editorial and mechanical 
work was done by the Jny Brothers. From August 29, 1873, to 
1888 the Joy Brothers had complete charge. T. L. Joy went to 
Centralia in 1888 and bought the Seniinei. Republican in 
politics; the paper began its career by supporting Grant for 
president and Oglesby for governor. 


Advocate, 1843- (?): It was the first paper published in 

the county. Edited by Edward F. Fletcher who bad been con- 
nected with the publication of the Backwoodsman in Jcrscyville. 

Gazette, 1846 to date: A paper "devoted to politics, agri- 
culture, literature and morality," edited by George B. Price. 
1846-1860; H. L. Clay, 1860-1863; Thomas D. Price, 1863- 
i88i; H. H. Montgomery, 1881-1883; H. P. Farrclly, 1883- 
1886; then by James McNabb. W. A. Hubbard and James 



McNabb were editors and publishers in 1907. It espoused the 
cause of the Whig party until 1856. when it supported John C. 
FrfetDont. Since that campaign it has advocated Democratic 
principles. Complete tiles in office. F 

Observxb, about 1847: A Democratic paper listed in Illinois An- 
nuai Register for 1847. A. S. Tildcn was editor. 

Greene County Banner, i848-(after i84g): Started by John 
Fitch. Democratic. It is listed in Coggeshall's Newspaper 
Directory publi.shed in 1856. F 

Democrat, 1855-1856: Edited by H. C. Withers. 

Press, 1858-1861-H . A Republican paper edited by S. P. Orr. 
Changed ic 

Patriot, +>86i to date: Edited by Elder Craig, followed by Wil- 
liam B. Fairchild; Lee, Lusk and Plait; Miner and Lindlcy, 
1873-1875; Dement L. Clapp, 1876-1888; Cha'-les flradshaw, 
1S88 to dale. Republican. Files since 1875 are in the office. 

Gospel Ii^cho: Name given in Rowell for 1869 with no report. 
Listed by Cook and Cobum, 1869. 


Carthagenian, June, 1836-1837 : It was the Erst paper in the county 
and was edited by Thomas Gregg. Finally it was purchased by 
Dr. Isaac Galland and taken to Montrose, Iowa, and was known 
there as the Western Adventurer. 

Echo, 1836: It was issued only a few months, being a campaign 
sheet advocating the election of General Harrison to the presi- 
dency. Issued from the office of the Carthagenian by W'altcr 

Wkstehn Euichants' Magazine and Historian op Times m the 

West, April, 1837 (?): A monthly publication established 

by Thomas Gregg as a guide to those who might be lured to the 
new Bounty Land district. A 

kEPUBUCAN, 1853 to date: Published and edited by Clarke 
and Manicr, 1853-1854; G- M. Childs, 1854-1861 ; R. W. Mc- 
Claughry, 1861-1863; J. M. Davison, 1863-1894; Mrs. S. C. 
Davison, and later I. C. Davison, 1894 to date. Mr. Childs 
converted it from an ladependent to an intensely Democratic 
sheet, but under Mr. McClaughry it supported the cause of the 
Union. After the war it became under Mr. Da\'ison a Demo- 
cratic paper. There are files in the office Mncc 1863. Earlier 
copies (scattered) in the hands of J. B. Gordon of Hamilton. 
(See Warsaw Commercial Journal.) ULF 

T'ramscript, 1860-1863 : Established by James R. Magie. 


Gazette, 1865 to date: Conducted by a Mr. Fowler, then by him 
and Noble L. Prenlis. In 1869 or 1870 it was bought by Thomas 
C. Sfaaqj and conducted by him as a Republican paper until his 
death April g, iS<i4; since then his son W. O. Sbarp has been 
manager. UL 

Hancock Deuocrat, December, 1869+ : Removed in 1R69 to Dal- 
las by G. M. ChUds. 

Carthaciniak, 1878-1881 : Published under the management of 
the faculty and literary societies of Carthage College. Printed 
at the othce of the Republifan. 


TniEs, August, 1872-1897-1- : Established as an Independent paper 
by John Garrison and B. F. Ward; H. A. Boyd purchased Gar- 
rison's interest after seven months and made the paper a Green- 
back organ, later a Democratic sheet. (Moved to Marshall and 
merged into the lUtnoixanf See Banner.) 

Exponent. 1877-1878: A Republican paper started by a stock 
company and edited by Edward Hitchcock, and Hitchcock and 
Garrison. Moved to Mt. Huron. 

Bannkk, 1879 to date: Started by B. F. Ward; an Independent 
weekly. It was united with the Timei as Banmr-Tintei, in 1897, 
wlien Fred E. Moure bought the papers. Sold to F. L. Gillespie 
in 1904; he sold in OclobtT, 1904, to H. M. Brooke, who still 
owns the paper. There were apparently lapses in both papers 
that are not quite clear. 


Gazette, 1854-1856: Edited and published by Edward Schiller. 
Republican. Schiller went to Belleville in 1856 and became 
connected with the Advo<aie. File, vol, 2, no. 22-37, ^*^" 
ruaiy 29- June 13, 185A, owned by Mrs. James L. Kennedy, 
Central City. 


(Jazette, 1856; It wasestablUhed by Messrs. Gall and Omelveny. 
Short -lived. 

Enterprise, 1856- two months: Edited by U. A. Burton. 

News Letter, 1857: In 1856 H. S. Blanchard purchased the Ad- 
vocate of Salem and moved it to Centralia. He formed a partner- 
ship with Mr. Holcomb and they published the Nrws Letter. 

Centralian, 1857-1860: It was edited by William Parker, Jr., 
and published by William and James Parker. P 

Rural Press, 1858-1859: It was edited by M. L. McCord, who 
had moved the office of the Richview Phoenix to Centralia. 



I Egyptian Republic. 1859-1S61 : A Republican paper edited and 
published by J. G. D. Pcilijohn, 1859-1861 . Messrs. Blackford 
and Taylor, publishers, vnth Mr. Pettijohn as editor, 1S61. It 
I was edited and published for a short period in 1S61 by Wesley 
Bailey, when the office was closed. 
Independent, 1861: Edited by N. W. Fuller. 
Couu£RCiAi., April-Septemlier, 1861 : Issued by E. T. Thor|). 
Suspended September i, same year. 

Meteor, December 30, 1861-1863 : Edited and published by Honiy 
^^ Welker. Actively Union in tts sym[>athics. Vol. 1. no. ii, 
^f March i, 1863, owned by Mn. Lvllen Smith, Central City, 
'^ Illinois. 

I Sentinel, May. 1863 to date: Established by J. W. and C. D. 
Fletcher, with E. S. Con^t and J. VV. Fletcher as editors, but It 
is said Mr. Gondii's editorial connection with the pa)>cr was only 
nominal. After a year J. W. and F. W. Fletcher became the 
editors and publisher). In 1869, J. C. Cooper bought the interest 
of J. \V. Fletcher and the Sentinel was published by J. C. Cooper 
and C. D. Fletcher, until 187a, when L. C. Wilcox purchased the 
interest of J. C. Cooper. On January 1, 1875, it passed into the 
hands of J. W. and F. W. I-leicher. who were succeeded by 
Frank D. Goodall, and later by J. N. Kerr. Kerr sold in Octo- 
ber, 1888, lo T. L. Joy, who was editor and publisher until 1906, 
^H when he was succeeded by Vera E. Joy. Daily established In 
^H 1884. Republican. 

Democrat. Novcml«r, 1867 to date: Established by W. H. Mantz. 

Afterwards Isaac McClelland became nominally a co-editor and 

' publisher with Mr. Mantz. In October, 1870, the office was 

partly destroyed by dre. but the press soon after came into the 

possession of S. P. Tufts, by whom the paper was revised and 

continued; and from February, 187 1, the pCTWcro/ was published 

I by Mr. Tufts, until 1884. when he was succeeded by C. D. Tufts, 

' who still conduct"; it. The Daily Democrat was begun May 30, 


IwDDSTRiAL, i875-i879(?) : IMited and publbhed in 1879 by J. 
W. EvarL". Independent. 


SptRiT or THE Agriccltcbal Press. May, 1857, till autumn : Estab- 
lished at what was then called West Urbana, by h. G. Chase 
I and Albert Gore. A^ritlture, politics, and local affairs were 

given attention. F 

jCentral Illinois Gazette, March, 1858-1861 + , 1868 to date: 
EfiUblished by John W. Scroggs and Company (Cunningham 



and Flynn) out of the materials of the Press, as a Republican 
papjer. William O. Stoddard was associated with Scroggs as an 
editor until i860. Sold to John Carrothors of the Uhwh, Ur- 
bana, and the papers were combined as the VA 

Chaupaion County Union and Oazktte, +1862 to date: This 
combination continued for about a year. Then the Gazette 
was bought, moved to Urbana. and continued by John \V. 
Summers until the summer of 1864; John Robbins a short time; 
George W. Flynn, George N, Richards with J. O. Cunningham 
as editor, October, 1864, to April, 1S66; Flynn alone until 1868; 
moved back to Champaign by George Scroggs and Flynn, 1868- 
1879, where it has remained ever since. The name was changed 
to Champaign County Gazetlt in 1869. After 1879 it was con- 
ducted by Scroggs's executor, H. J. Dunlap. who sold to H. H. 
Harris, whereupon J. R. Stewart became editor. Mr. Stewart. 
O. L. Davis, and E. C. Flanigau bought the plant February 7, 
1900, and still own and conduct the paper. The daily edition 
was begun November 6, 1883. The Gazftte was one of the 
earliest papers to advocate the nomination of Lincoln for 
president. US 

Union, August, + 185^1882 : Established at Urbana (which see) in 
185a. It was moved to Champaign in 1859 by Dand S. and 
Charles E. Crandall. In iS6i Uicy sold to John Carrolhers, 
who, in the winter of 1862-1863 bought the Ccntrai Illinois 
Gasette and united the two papers. In :865 the properly of the 
Union reverted to the Crandalls. David S. and DuiUey S. 
Crandall continued it until 1868, when they sold to H. L. Nicolet 
and C. E. SchofF; Schoff and I. H. Moore, 1877-1883. For a 
lime between 1865 and 1868 the name was changed to Saturday 
Visitor. File owned by J. O. Cunningham, Urbana. 

Illinois Democrat, March, 1867-1872+ : Established by George 
N. Richards and Rufus P. Canterbury, who moved from Urbana 
the Champaign County Journal. After one year Canterbury 
sold to Richards. P. Lochrie bought an inleri'sl in April, 1869, 
and became sole owner in October. G. W. Gore was editor 
for a while in 1869. In 1872 the estatilishment was bought by 
William Haddock, who changed the name to 

Liberal Democrat, +August, 1872+; William Haddock con- 
ducted the paper in support of Horace Greeley for the presidency. 
The name was soon changed to 

Times, +1872 to date: William Haddock was owner and editor 
until 1879. The paper was then Iwughl by William H. Smyzer, 
William J. Mize, and Isaac Fielding. Elmer F. Powers soon 
afterward bought an interest In 1887 Smyzer sold to his part- 



ners and Mize soon afterward did likcwist. Messrs. Powers and 
Fielding have since conducted the paper as a weeklj. A daily 
was issued for a few months in 1906. 
Journal, 1876-1879 (?): A Herman paper established by Theodore 
Fisher and John Becker. Becker soon bought Fisher's interest 
and associated with him his son. 


New Era, February 7, 1874-1875: Established by John J. Buncc; 
J. J. Bunce and Son, publishers. Discontinued in the summer of 

Cass Couttn Journal, August 5, iS76-August 3, 1878-h : Kslal> 
Ushed by Charles A. Pratt, who after two years of service to 
Democracy sold the paper to Skaggs Brothers. They changed 
the name to 

Independent, +Augu3t 3, 187&-1883+: Edited by John W. 
Skaggs. published by John W. and Gilbert Skaggs. After one 
month, G. B. Skaggs alone undertook the combined labonj of 
editor and publisher. Klx'nezer Spink bought an interest in 
December, 1879, and resold to Skaggs in 1881. Spink bought 
out Skaggs in 1882 and changed the name to Sangamon Vaiiey 
Times, which was changed to Chandlerville Times in 1887. E. 
O. Spink became business manager in 1904, and. bought the 
paper in 1908. Independent. Files in the oifice. 


CoUHiER, 1841-1863+ : Established as a Whig organ by William 
Harr and William Workman. Mr. \\'orkman soon retired and 
bb place was aftenvard filled by George Harding, who was con- 
nected with the paper until 1857. Mr. Harr conducted the 
paper alone from 185710 i863,whenhesoldouttoEliChittendeD, 
and John S. Theaker, who made the paper Republican and 
changed it.<i name to AH 

Plaindealer, +1863 lo date: In the late sixties Al and Lucien 
Dunbar were publishers. The former sold to A. E. F,aton; the 
property reverted to Dunbar and was sold to John .A. Martin, 
A., and W. M. McConnell, In 1889 they sold to H. B. Glassco. 
Later the Haindealcr Printing Company was organized. This 
company published the PlaituUaUr; bought the Heraid (estab- 
lished 1881); and became the Plaindealer-Herald Company. 
A daily was started in 189a. 

Owl, i843-i846(?): Published by James Shoall. In 1846 Mr. 
Shoaff went to Greenville, and apparently tlie Owl was dis- 




Reposter, 1846 (7): A Democratic paper edited by W. D. 

Latshaw. Before Januar>' 6, 1849, the lille was changed to 

Illinois Globe,' +i848(?) (?); "A decided and orthodox 

Democratic journal," edited by W. D. Latshaw and published 
by Latshaw and Brown. Vol. 4, no. i, was issued July 28, 1849; 
the numbering was endcntly continued from the Reporter. AF 

Rkpublican. about 1847 : A Whig paper edited by W. W. Bishop. 
It is listed in lilirms A nmmi Register for 1847. 

Coles County Ledger, 1857-1867+ : Edited by G. C. and W. 
P. Harding. 1857-1859; McHenry Brooks, tSsg-iSG?. In 1867 
Mr. Brooks sold to James ShoaiT and Asa Miller, and they 
changed its name to F 

CouRiEH, + 1867 to date: Shoaff sold his interest to I. N. Under- 
wood; later Miller sold to £. B. Buck; then Buck alone was 
editor and publisher till 1879. George E. Mason was editor 
and publisher, 1879-1893; Mason and Charles D. Strode, 1892- 
'893 ; Strode and Charles L. Lee, 1894; Charles L. Lee became 
sole owner, January i, 1895. He sold an interest to Cyrus N. 
Walls, but Walls sold out and Lee now owns the paper. He has 
been editor and publisher since 1895. A daily was started in 
i8gs. Democratic. Files since 1885 in the office. 

Palladium, 1871 (?): George Torrance, editor and publisher. 

Plaindealeb, 1873 (?): Established by E. M. Harte, editor, 

C. B. Holmes, publisher; John Jackson, editor, John Culver and 
Compiinv, publishers, 1876; R. M. Spurgin, 1877-1880; James 
A. Smith, 1S82-— (?). U 


Hekalu, 1868 to date : Established, owned, and edited by Thomas 
Sawyer. In 1897 W. H. Ovcrhue was editor and publisher; in 
1902 R. W. Lane became editor and manager and William Lane 
proprietor. Republican. 

Independent, 1872-1880: J. De Veling was editor and J. M. De 
Vcling was publisher throughout. 

Times, July, 1867-1875+ : Established bj Silas F. Dyer and James 
McMurtrie. In 1871 Miss L. M. Dyer, sister of S. F. Djer, 
after the death of both former owners, edited the paper for jwv- 
eral months. It was bought by C. H. John and the Bovard 
Brothers. In 1875 Bovard Brothers bought it and named it 

'Hanid, in N*S*o Srrvilude in lUtttnis, tia n.., refers U»Cct4sCimMlyGlolft »nii 
CliArl«ston Ghbt for October. 1847. Thcx ouiy be varia,nta that ihould find 
placp between Ktporl^ ead tUinoit Gtob*. No copy of dther cf Ui«9« Gtab*t b 
known to b« in cxuUnca. Tlur rdeieooM died should pcrhapi be io (b« Wim«i% Chit 
In which CAN (he chance Iroco tUp^Ur wu nude Id 1S4T, 



Monitor, +1875-1877+ : Bovard Brothers soon sold lo C. H. 

John, and he to Mann Brothers, who renamed it 
Gazette, +1877-1900+: C. H. Stickncy bought it ahoul 1879. 

In 19CX) it was bought by E. S. Pike and merged in the Cttpper, 

which was established in 1S93. and is now ovMied and published 

by G. E. Stump. 


Courier, JiJy-October, 1869: Established by Dr. L. Foote. Con- 
tinued three months. 


Southern Ilmnois Advocate, April 4, 18.^9-1840: It was edited 
by John Smith and H. M. Abboit, and was conducted for the 
purpose of calling attention to that portion of Illinois lying be- 
tween the Ohio and Kaskaskia rivers. A 

Rextille and Hosiesteat Advocate, February 20, 1847-1850: 
It was edited by O. F. McMillan; established by Robert Smith 
to promote his candidacy for Congress. Sold in 1850 to Hanna 
and Whitehurst of the Herald. 

Herald. 1849-1857 (?): Edited by Messrs. B. J. F. Hanna and 
Whitehurst, 1849-1853: Hanna and William PhilUps, 1853- 

1856; E.J.Montague, i8s6 (?). (SeeKaskaskiaiCe^fc/iVan) 


Randolph County Democrat, 1857-1878: Editors and pro- 
prietors, Judge J. M. Ralls, 1857-1858; H. B. Nisbet and C. 
C. Clemens, wlio conducted it indc})cndent of politics, 1858- 
r86o; Mr. Nisbet, who made it a Republican paper, 1860-1865; 
John W. Dean and M. W. Rolrock, 1865-1876; Mr. Dean and 
Mr. Nisbet, 1876-1878. H 

Egyptian Picket Guard, +1862-1867+: Founded by John R. 
Shannon and Robert McHcnry. P. W. Baker helped organize 
the paper. In 1863 McHenry withdrew and the paper became a 
radical Southern partisan. In 1863 it was suspended for two 
months. Then the Democrats formed a stock company, pur- 
chased the paper, and dropped Egyptian from the title. S. St. 
Vrain was general manager, P. W. Baker was publisher, ajid 
John R. Shannon continued as editor. Shannon was so active 
in his criticism of the measures adopted to suppress the Rebellion 
that a body of soldiers broke into the office in July, 1864, and 
scattered the type in the streets. The ofBce was refitted. In 
1864 John McBride became proprietor. Shannon remained 
as editor. In 1865 William H. Toy succeeded McBride. In 1S67 
McHenry returned and assumed control, changing the name to 



Valley Clarion, +1867-1899+: Roben McHenry was editor 
and publisher untfl 1868, when he died. Robert E. Deitrich con- 
tinued the publication until he was succeeded by William J. 
Armour In 1869 Charles L. Spencer became editor and pub- 
lisher; in 1875 he sold to John H. Lindsey and Company; in 
1876 the firm was changed to Valley Clarion Printing Company. 
In 1S76 John H. Lindsey sold out to Charles L. Spencer and 
John McBride; they remained proprietors with Spencer as 
editor until 1878, when John H. I.indsey purchased the interests 
of the company and became proprietor; he associated Robert 
E. Deitrich with him in the editorial department. In 1S80 he 
soid to William H. Holmes. About 1886 Holmes sold to Frank 
R. McAtec, who a few years later changed the name to Chester 
Clarion, and in 1S95 sold to James A. Madack. He sold to 
William H. Matlack in iSg6 ; Frank Moore bought the paper in 
1898, and in 1899 sold to Frank R. McAtec, who merged the 
Clarion in the Herald, dropping the name of the former. The 
Herald was started in 1895 by F. W. Hempler and C. A. Smith, 
and sold in 1897 to Frank R. McAtee. Democratic. 

Randolph County ZtiTtTNG, 1868 (?): A Oerraan paper of 

which J. W. Dean and Company were editors and pubHshers 
in 1869. 

Tbibune, 1872 to date: Established by William Knapp and C. B. 
Wassell. Repuhlican. In 1874 Wassell retired and Knapp 
was sole owner until 1881, when he sold to James B. Matlacx 
and James F. Wassell. Alwul 18S5 Wassell became sole owner 
and in 1886 sold to Theodore Saxcnmeyvr. Saxcnmeyer sold 
in 1889 to William H. Matlack and John McBridc. Matlack 
became sole owner a year later, and in 1894 sold to Thomas J. 
Howorth and John A. Pyron. In 1896 Pyron sold his interest 
to James B. Matlack, who in turn sold in 1&98 to Thomas J. 
Howorth. Jn the same year Warlield P. Smith bought a half 
interest in the paper, which has been run since that time under 
the firm name of Thomas J. Howorth and Company. Now 
edited by Thomas J. Howorth, published by Thomas J. Ho- 
worth and Company. 

Greenback Gazette, 1876: A campaign paper printed in the 
Tribune office, edited by R. P. Thompson and A. G. Condon. 
It was printed on green paper. Suspended at dose of campaign. 


Demochat, November 26, 1833—1861-1-: Edited by John Calhoun, 
1833-1836; John Wcntworlh, 1836-1861. This was the first 
paper published in Chicago. It supported Jackson's adminis- 
tration; known as a "hard money paper" because it denounced 



wild-cat aad other fictitious paper money. It was the official 
paper of the town of Chicago. Because the needed supply of 
paper failed to arrive before the dose of navigation, its publica- 
tion was suspended from January i to May 30, 1835, with the ex- 
ception of an Usue Januaij 21 and another on March 25. It 
appeared weekly to 1840, and daily, beginning February 24, 1840. 
It was a Democratic paper up to the time of the Kansas-Neb rajika 
issue, but when the slavery question was again raised it assisted 
in the formation of the Republican party. On July 34. 1861, 
the Democrat was absorbed by the Tribune. WHAEF 

American, June 8, 1835-1839+ : A Whig paper, issued daily after 
April 9. 1839. Edited by T. O. Davis, 1835-1837; William 
Stuart and Company, 1837. Changed to EHNWA 

Daily .\iierican, + April 9, 1839-October 18, 1845: Edited by 
W'illiam Stuart, 1839-1841; .Mexander Stuart, proprietor, and 
W. W. Brackett. editor, 1841-1842: Buckner S. Morris. July 
to October. 184a. ENHF 

CouuERCiAL .\dvertiser, OctobcF II, 1836-1837: A raWd 
"liberty" paper, edited by Hooper Warren. In 1837 the print- 
ing outfit was removed to Lowell, LaSalle County, and used by 
Benjamin Lundy and JCebtna Eastman in publishing the Genius 
of Universal Emancipation and Gmiua 0} Liberty, 

Voice of the People. June 9-August, 1838: A campaign paper 
published weekly at the office of the American, until after the 
August election, by the Whig Young Men's Association. A 

Hakd Cider Press, June 6-October 74, 1840: A Harrison cam- 
paign paper published weekly by William Stuart from the A mer' 
icon office. H 

WfeEKLY Tribune. April 4, 1840-August ai, 1841: Published by 
Charles N. Holcomb and Company, \\nth E. O. Ryan as editor. 
In 1841 it was sold to Elisha Starr of Milwaukee, and the Mil- 
waukee Journal was its successor. H 

Union Acricultubist and Western Prairie Farmer, January, 
1R41-1843+: Established by the Cnion Agricultural Society, 
and edited in the bc^nning by the corresponding secretary, John 
S. Wright. At the close of the second volume the publication 
passed fmm the society to John S. Wright, with whom J. Am- 
brose Wight became associated as editor. The title was changed 
to E 

Prairie Farmer, + Januaiy 1, 1843 to date: The scope of the paper 
was enlarged to include mechanics and education. John Gage 
was the first editor of the mechanics department. At the begin- 
ning of 1851 Luther Haven became part owner and was associ- 
ated with Wright in publishing, and with Wright and Wight in 


editing the paper. In 1852 Wright and Haven were editors and 
publishers; J. Ambrose Wight was editor, John A. Kcnnicott, 
horticultural tclilor in 1853-1857; Wright and Wif^hl were pub- 
lishers, 1853 -1857. A new series was bei;un January, 1857, at 
which time publication became weekly instead of monthly as 
theretofore. October i, 1858, James C. and William H. Medill 
sold the property to Emery and Company; Henry D. Emery 
and Charles D. Bragdon became editors; Kennicott remained 
horticultural editor. Mr. Emery united his Journal 0} Agri- 
culture and the Prairie Farmer as Emery's Journal oj Agriculture 
and Prairie Farmer, October 7, continidug publication under this 
title until Januar>- :, 1859, when Prairie Farmer was resumed. 
In i86t \V. W. Corhett replaced Bragdon as one of the editors. 
In 1867 the Prairie I'armer Company became publishers; in 
18A8 Henry T. Thomas rame in as a third editor; in 1869 Rod 
ney Welch was added. Tn 1879 Jonathan Periam was editor 
and continued in that office until 1884, when Orange Judd be- 
came editor and manager. He was succeeded in i88g by Jon- 
athan Periam, who seni-cd as editor until 1903. James J. 
Edgerton was editor throughout 1904 ; on March 20, 1905, C. P. 
Reynolds became editor, and has been so to date. The stock of 
the Prairie Farmer Conijjany was bought by Rand. McNally 
and Company and incorporated as the Prairie Farmer Publish- 
ing Company, February 16, 18S2. They disposed of their stock 
to Burridge D. Butler on April 8, 1908. Mr. Butler is pR'sidcnt 
of the company and publisher. The paper is now published 
semi-monthly. (See p. 73.) WDSUHE 

Express, October 34, 1843-April ao, 1844: Edited by William W. 
Brackctt. It was sold in 1S44 to a company and discontinued. 
Supported Henry Qay for president, The Journal was estab- 
lished in its stead. Daily and weekly. N 

NoRTHWKSTKHN Baptist, September 15, i84a-Scplember 15, 1844: 
A semi-monthly edited by Thomas Powell. Only forty-eight 
numbers were issued. This was the first religious publication 
in Chicago. H 

QoiD Nunc, July 12-August 16, 184a; Edited by Davis S. 
Griswold and published by Ellis, Fergus, and Company. It 
was devoted to the advancement of literature, the fme arts, 
science, commerce, agriculture, and the mechanical arts. No 
comraimicalions on religion or politics were admitted. It is .taid 
to have been the first oae-cent daily published west of the .\lle- 
ghanies. \t first intended as a morning paper it was issued 
at noon. A 



Republican, 1842-1844: Edited by A. R. Niblo, 1843-1843; F. 
W. Cleveland. 184,^-1844. It was established to create a public 
sentiment favoring the re-election of President Tyler. F 

Wkstf-rn CmzKN. July, 1842-Octobcr, 1853+ : A temperance and 
anti-slavcrj' paper edited by Zebina Eastman and Asa B. Brown, 
1843-1845; Eastman and Davidson, 1845-1849; Eastman and 
McClellan, 1849-1852; Mr. Eastman, with Hooper Warren as 
associate, 1852-1853. This was the organ of the Liberty Party 
in Illinois, and successor to the Genius 0} Liberty, the subscription 
list of which pajier it took over. See Lowell, Genius oj Liberty 
and Genius oj Universal Emancipation', also Alton, Trvth 
Seeker. In 1853 the name was changed to AEHF 

Free West, +Dccembcr t, i8s3-July 19, 1855+: Edited by E. 
Goodman, Hooper Warren, and Zebina Eastman. Although 
the paper was announced in Western Citizen of October i8 to 
begin October 25, it did not appear until December i. The 
names of the editors are not printed afler the issue of October 1 2, 
r854. until November 23. when Z. Ejistman is given as editor 
and publisher. K. Goodman and H. Warren associate editors. 
Their names disappear in the issue of July 12, 1855. The last 
issue announced that the paper would be merged with the Tribune. 
Established as the avowed organ of the Freedom Parly of Illinois; 
beginning with the issue of November 23, 1854, the paper carried 
the statement that " this journal does not profess to be the organ 
of any parly or sect." It was strongly anti-slavery, however. H 

Youth's Gazette, May-July 23, 1843: Edited by Kiler K. Jones. 
It was "devoted expressly to the interests of the youth of the 
west." Eight numbers were issued, weekly. H 

Better Covenant. +1843-1847: A religious paper, established at 
Rockford : taken soon to St. Charles and thence to Chicago, being 
published at Kockford and Si. Charles from January 6, 1842, to 
April 6, 1843. I'-dited by Kcv. Seih Biimes, 1843-1844; Rev. 
William Rounse\'ille and Cyrus B. Ingham, 1844-1845; Mr. 
Ingham, 1845-1847. In 1847 it was sold to John A. Gurley 
of the Star of the West, Cincinnati, Ohio. Issued weekly. (See 
Belter Covenant, Rockford and St. Charles.) H 

Democrat Advocate and Commercial Advertiser, February 3, 
1844-1846; Publishers and proprietors were Messrs. Ellis and 
Fergus; nominally without an editor. It was the corporation 
paper, 1844-1845. XJF 

Gem of the Prairie, May 29, 1844-1852+ : A literary p.^per 
edited by Kilcr K. Jones and James S. Beach, 1844-1845; J. 
Campbell and T. A. Stewart, 1845; T. A. Stewart, 1845-1846; 
Mr Stewart and James Kelly, 1846-1850; Messrs. Scripps and 


Stewart. 1850-1852, with Stewart, Waite and Company as 
publishers. It was devoted to literary miscellany and infor- 
malioo. In lenKth of life it surpassed all other early periodicals 
of predominantly literary lone. Its motto was "To please be 
ours." In 1847 the proprietors, in order to meet a growing 
demand for news alone, established the Chicago Daiiy Tribune. 
as an offshoot to the Gem of the PrairU. The latter paper was 
continued under the same name until 1852, when it was merged 
in the Tribune, and published as the Sunday edition of that 
paper, wnth the title Chicago Sunday Tribune. HUF 

Illinois Medical and Surgicvl Joornal, 1844-1846+ : This was 
the first medical journal issued in Chicago. Kdited by Dr. 
James V. Z. Blaney. in the interest of Rush Medical College, and 
printed by Ellis and Fergus, 1844-1846. It was a monthly paper, 

1844-1846; bi-monthiy> 1846 . In 1846 the Journal was 


Illinois and Indiana Medicvl and Surgical Journal, +1846- 
184S+ : Its editors wca- Drs. Blaney, Daniel Braioard, VVilLiam 

B. Herrick, and John Evans. It was published m Chicago by 
I-Ulis and Fergus and in Indianapolis by C. B. Davis. In 1848 
the paper became known as the H 

Northwestern Medical and Surgical Journal, +i848-De- 
cember, 1857+ : It continued under the same editorial manage- 
ment, but was published in Chicago by William Ellis and in 
Indianapolis by John D. Defrees. In 1849 W. B. Herrick and 
John Evans appeared as editors with J. \V. Dugan, Chicago and 
Indianap^jlis. as sole publisher. The subsequent year John 
Evans and Edwin G. Meek comprised the editorial staff, with 

C. A. Swan as printer. In 1851 the same editors appear with 
James L. Langdon, Chicago and Indianapolis, as printer. In 
1852 John Evans was editor, and Langdon and Rounds printers. 
In this year another new series was commenced, being issued 
monthly. W. B. Herrick was editor, assisted by H. A. Johnson, 
with Ballantyne and Company as printers. Dr. N. S. Davis 
became editor in May, 1854, with Dr. Johnson assistant, and 
A. B. Case, publisher, who in 1856 was succeeded by Robert 
Fergus. In 1857 Dr. Davis was sole editor, Bamet and Clarke 
printers. The December number, 1857, terminated the maga- 
zine under the name of the Northwestern Medical and Surgical 
Joumai. It was continued as the HJ 

Chicago Medical Journal, -f 1858-Scptembcr, 1875 +: Daniel 
Brainard was publisher in 1859 and 1S60, and the Joumai was 
monthly. In i86g it was semi-monthly. J. Adams -Mien, M.D., 
LL.D., was editor at that date ; C. N. Goodcll, publisher. The 



f>eriodical was still devoted to the interests of Rush Medical Col- 
cge. J. Adams Allen and Walter Hay, M.D., were editors, 
1870-1875; W. B. Keen. Cooke and Company, publishers. The 
Journal became the H J 

Chicago Medical Journal anu Examjnek, -f Septennber, 1875, 
to date (1884) : William H. Byford, A.M., M.D., became editor 
in 1876; the Chicago Medical Press Association, publishers. 
The Journal had the same editor and publishers in 1880; in 
1S83 N. S. Davis, M.D., James Ncvins Hyde, M.D., and Daniel 
R. Browcr were editors. Monthly. HJ 

Daily Journal, April 23. 1844 to date : A Whig paper at first issued 
by an editorial committee appointed by the company that pur- 
chased the Express. Edited and published by Richard L. Wil- 
son and J. W. Norris, 1844-1845; Mr. Wilson and Nathan C. 
Gcer, 1845-1847; Mr. Wilson, 1847-1849; Charles L. Wilson, 
1849-1851; R. L. and C. L. Wil.son, 1851-1853; R. L. and C. 
L. Wilson and C. H. Morris, i853-i8«;4; Messrs. Wilson, 1854- 
1856; C. L. Wilson and C. H."^ Pierce. 1856-1860. John L. 
Wilson became a member of the firm in 1861. Charles L. Wil- 
son died in 1878; John R. Wilson became connected with the 
paper and later became publisher. Charles L. Wilson was suc- 
ceeded as editor by Andrew Shunnan. Mr. Shuman was editor 
from 1 861 to 1864, and again from 187810 1888; W. K. Sullivan, 
1888. In 1893 the paper was sold to Dr. S. F. Farrar, who 
formed a company with himself as president and treasurer, 
Slason Thompson, editor, J. R. Wilson, publisher. There was, 
beside the daily and weekly, a triweekly edition which was con- 
tinued until after 1881. For a number of years John C. 
man has been editor, the Chicago Journal Company, publishers. 
Until after 1881 the paper was listed as Republican; it is now 
Independent. It is now called ^z'lrnin^ 70urnaJ. EDACNSUHF 

Gabla.nd of Tire Wkst, 1845 : It was projected by Robert N. Gar- 
rett and Nelson W. Fuller. But one copy seems to have been 
issued, that of July 30. 

Daily News, latter part of 1845 -January 6, 1846: A liberty paper 
managed by Kastman and Davidson, with S. W. Chapel assistant 
editor. This was the first daily issued without a weekly edition. 

Spirit of Teuper.*nce Reforu, 1845: .Started by J. K. Ware. It 
soon died. 

VoLKSFREimn, 1845-1848 : The pioneer German paper of Chicago. 
Edited by Robert B. Hoeffgen. 

Western (Literary ?) Magazine. October, 1845-Oclober, 1846; 
The first literary magazine published in Chicago, was first issued 
io October, 1S45, by Rotinse\*ilIe and Company. In the belief 



"that the western people were able and willing to support a mag- 
azine of their own," William RounseWlle undertook the develop- 
ment of weslera literary talent. His hopes were not fully realized 
and he sold ihe magazine after the publicalion of ten numbers. 
John J. Moon, the purchaser, published but two numbers, be- 
ginning September, 1846. H 

Ariel, 1846: Published for a short time with Edward Augustus 
as editor and C. H. Boner as publisher. 

Daily Cavalier, 1846-1847: Edited by Robert Wilson. For six 
weeks Rev. William Rounseville wa.s editor. A one-cent paper. 

Dollar Weekly, 1846: Issued three or four months by William 

Duanc Wilson. 
LtBKRTY Tree, 1846-1848: Lssued by Eastman and Davison. 

with Zebina Eastman as editor. A monthly. 

MoRNiNo Mail, 1846-1847 : Edited by Rev. William Rounseville. H 
Valley Watchman, 1846-1847: Published by J. McChesney. 

Western Hehalii. 1846-1847+: A weekly anti-slavery, anti- 
masonic, temperance paper, and advocate of the .Society of 
Friends, edited by Rev. J. B. Walker and B. F. Worrall. Changed 
to H 

Herald of the Prairies, +1847-1849-1-: Edited by Rev. J. B. 
Walker and B. F. Worrall, 1847-1849. In 1848 James Shaw 
was assistant editor. The paper was *' devoted to the promotion 
of practical religion, the maintenance of essential truth, and the 
advancement of the benevolent enterprises of the age." J. Am- 
brose Wight and William Bross bought the office and material 
and changed it to 

Prairie Herald. +1849-1853+: Rev. G. S. F. Savage, of St. 
Charles, 111., and Rev.A.L.Chapin of Bcloil, Wis. .were appointed 
corresponding editors. Mr. Wight was sole editor, 1851-1855. 
From 1846 lo 1853 the paper enunciated the doctrines of the New 
School Presbyterians and the Congregalionali.sts. Changed to F 

Congregational Heralu, +1853-1861: Edited by Rev. John C. 
Holbrook, 1853-1854; Rev. Holbrook and Rev. N. H. Egglcston, 
1854-1S56; several editors from 1856 to 1857 ; Rev. H. L. Ham- 
mond. 1857- ( ?). The Herald advocated the establishment 

of the Chicago Theological Seminary. EF 

Commercial Advertiser, 1847-1858; Edited by Alfred Dutch, 
who WBfi instrumental in obtaining the grant of lands from 
Congreas for the Illinoia Central Railroad. The Advertiser op- 
posed the Maine law. It was issued irregularly. Weekly tu 
1849, when it became daily with a weekly edition. HAEF 




Science, January, 1847-1849: A monthly, cdilid and published 
by James L. Enos and D. L. Curtiss. In the issue of February, 
1849, James L. Enos is given as editor and publisher. He writes 
editorially in that number concerning the influence of the Edu- 
color: "It was commenced under the most unfavorable circum- 
stances, in a country where no like publication had ever circu- 
lated, where the people were comparatively little imbued with 
a love for education — or at least, that mculcated by professional 
teachers — and with the privations incident to a new country 
pressing heavily upon them; yet, notwithstanding these diffi- 
culties, the influence of the Ediuator has steadily increased, and 
within the last three months the circulation has nearly doubled." 
The objects of the magazine were to expose the dangers of fal- 
lacious theories of education, and to set forth and to defend the 
true principles of instruction. Vol. 111, no. 2 owned by Frank 
W. Scott, Urbana, Illinois. S 

Porcupine, winter of 1 847-1 R48: Edited by Charles Bowen and 
Thomas Bradbury. 

TaiBCNE, 1847 to date: Established by Joseph K. C. Forrest, 
James J. KcUy and John E. Wheeler. Messrs. Forrest and 
Kelly very early retired and Thomas A. Stewart became 
editor. Id 1847 the Gem of the I'rairu was absorbed by the 
Tribune and became the Sunday edition oi that paper. The 
Tribune was managed by Wheeler. Stewart and Scripps, 1848- 
1851; T. J. Waite, manager, Wm. Duanc Wilson, editor, 
1852-1853. Gen. Wilson's interest was purchased by March 
23. '853, Henry Fowler, Timothy Wright and Gen. J. D. 
Webster. On June 18. 1853, Joseph Medill came from Cleve- 
land and purchased a share in the paper, whereupon the issue 
was made under the auspices of Wright, Medill, and Company, 
and Stephen J. Staples is specified in the directory for 1853- 
1854 as assistant editor. On July 21, 1855, Thomas A. 
Stewart retired from the partnership, and September 33, Dr. C. H. 
Ray and J. C. Vaughn were editors. At the same time Alfred 
Cowles became a member of the firm, whicli was then composed 
of Messrs. Medill, Ray, Wright, Webster, Vaughn, and Cowles. 
Under the vigorous influence of Or. Ray the paper soon became 
of primary importance in Chicago and UUnois. It was one of 
the first to endorse the formation of the Republican party in 
Illinois, and did much to bring about the successful organiza* 
tion of that party, and the nomination and election of Lincoln 
in i860. March 2(3, 1857, Mr. Vaughn withdrew and the part- 
nership name became Ray, Medill, and Company. In 1858 the 
Triune, being consolidated with the DaUy Democratu: Press, 
was known as the Press and Tribune, issued by the proprietors 



of both papers (see Democratic Press). In 1861 the word 
Press was dropped and the Tribune Company was organized. 
Scripps, Bross, Ray, Medlll, and Cowles were the principal 
stockholders. In 1861 the Tribune absorbed the Democrat. 
In i366 Horace White, who bad previously been connected with the 
paper and had acquired the stock of Mr. Scripps, became editor. 
He was succeeded in 1874 by Joseph Mediil. Under White the 
Tribune had supported Horace Grcclcy, but Mediil brought it 
back into the Republican fold, where it has remained, though 
manifesting a considerable independence.' Mr. Mediil died in 
March, 1899, and was succeeded as editor by R. W. Patterson, 
who was «litor until his death, on April i, 1910. The Tribune 
has be..-a since 1908 in direct charge of MedUI McCormick. It 
has been a daily from its beginning. For many years it had 
also aemii-weckly, tri-weekly. and weekly editioDS, all of which 
have been aiscontinued. The lilc at the office of the Tribune 
is complete from about i86o. Fiie, 1861-1876, in Boston 
Athenarum. EWDNACSUHF 

Watchman of the Prairies, 1847-1853 -f- : First weekly Baptist 
newspaper published in Chicago. It strongly opposed slavery. 
Edited by Rev. Luther Stone and published by Messrs Walker 
and Worrall, of the Weslertt Herald (which see). In 1849 Wight 
and Bross became its publishers. In 1853 Mr. Stone sold the 
paper to Dr. J. C. Burroughs, Levi D. Boone and A D, Tits- 
worth, and it became the H 

Chrjstian Tjmes, + August 31, 1853-1865+: Mr. Biiirougha 
was the chief and H. J. Western and A. J Joslyn a&s'stant edi- 
tors. November 34 of the same year the paper was sold to Rev. 

•The T^thtiM fotloirod cloMly tha lead of GrMley mad iht tiewVork Trilmnt 
la uTEioe, UnmAdiftMly ftftcr tbo defsst o( C«nertl Scott tar the pi»idcacy Ea 
TS5*, that the Whig party had bst ita usefuinraB: ■m!, »fler the KarwAi-Nc- 
brasks bill had bean paiaad In iSs4, took the lead in the West.a< Greeley and the 
New York Tribuit* did In tbe Bast, in asitattng a nnioD, Ln the Repoblican party, 
ot all a(iti-«IavBfy and anti- Nebraska clemeou. 

" lo i9s6 I made a» ttrong a tight tor Fremont a> waa in my power," Medlll 
wraH, "worleed for Abraham Lincoln a«aJnit Stepta«n A. Oouftlaa for setiator in 
■ 858: printed vrbaiim the great debates in. which theae two men wera engased, 
and la 1859 besan ptuhins Ur. Uaoola for the prerideacy." 

to it6o the Tribuiu put (orth every elTort for the nnminatjon and alaetion 
of Ltottda, and aft«f war broke out, was the most icflucDtial Unioa acmp^Mr 
west of New York City. It urged Linooln ta laaua an emandpatioa piodafBatioil. 
opposed Jotuuoo's recanstrueUon policy, upbcM the irapeachment proceeeliofti. 
defeadad the reoonttniction acta of Contnw.aad mpported Grant in i869. Unrier 
Horace White the TnlmH4 «u vfsorouily oppuaed to a policy of extfvmeJ]' high 
protective tariffs, and not until 1874. when Mediil eecured control and the editor* 
■hip, did ft aupport the prevailing policy of the dominant party. Under Medil! 
it «nu ft>r many year* a hish-tarlR paper, but it baa long occupied a position of 
great independence in both local and national affairs, and has gained, eapedally 
under the editonblp ot Robert W. Pattervon, a vide tndependeoC foUowing. 



Leroy Church and Rev. J. A. Smith, the latter becoming editor. 
In 1854 Mr. Smith sold his interest to Mr. J. V. ChUds and the 
proprietary firm became Church and Childs. In 1855 Mr. 
Church became sole proprietor The copy for February 2, 
1854, volume I, number 23, contains corrc^ondence in relation 
to the origin of Shurtleff College, which tends to show that 
J. M. Peck was given much of the credit due to Hubbell LoomJs, 
who did a large amount in laying the foundations of the college 
in Alton while Peck was at Rock Spring. With vol. 13. Aug- 
ust or September, 1865, the Christian Timfs, by the absorption 
of the tVUtuss of Indiana, became FH 

Christian Timks and Witne-ss, 4-1865-1867+ : J. A. Smith and 
Leroy Church were editors, Church and Edward Goodman, pub- 
lishers. In 1867 Goodman brought a half interest and the name 
was changed to 

Standakd, +1867 lo date: A Baptist church publication. The 
editors and publishers were as follows: J. A. Smith, D. D., 
editor, Church and Goodman, pubUshers and proprietors, 1869- 
January, 1875. J. A. Smith , D. U., and J. S Uickerson, D. D., 
editors, and Goodman and IJtckerson, publishers, 1876; Good- 
man and Dickerson. publishers. 1877-1880; J. S. Dickerson 
and R N. Van Doren, editors, and Goodman and Dickerson 
Company, publishers, 1907. AHCUW 

AMERICAN Odd Fellow and Magazine of Literature and 

Art, August. 1848 ( ?) Monthly. This was the tirst organ 

of secret societies in Chicago. Edited by J. L. Enos and Rev. 
William Rounseville; published by James L. Enos and Com- 
pany. Vol. I, no. 1. owned by Frank W. Scutt, Urbana, Illinois. 

Field Piece, June 14 till Fall, 1848: A Whig campaign paper 
supporting Taylor and Fillmore. Edited and published by R. 
L. Wilson NF 

Free Soil Bannek, April-November, 1848: A campaign paper 
issued by the Western Ciiisen to support Van Buren and the 
Free Soil party. 

Illinois SxA^us-ZErruNG. April, 1848 to date; Established by 
Robert Berahard Hoeffgen. He was bOon succeeded a. edit' r 
by Dr. Hellmuth; .\mo Voss, 1848-1849; Herman Kricge, 
1849-1850; Geo. Schneider with Mr. Hoeffgen a.s manager, 
1850-1852; Schneider and Hillgaertner, 1853-1854; Schneider 
and ScMacger, 1854. Subsequt;ntly H. ficinder and Daniel 
Herilc became incorporated with the editorial staff, but Mr. 
Schneider was the animating spirit. Ai first it was a weekly, 
but under Mr. Kriege it was made a semi- weekly and then tri- 


weekly. In 1851 Mr. Schuuidcr made it a daily. In 1854 the 
publicationof the ^ofiWa^ZtfiVMn^ was begun. In 1&62 Schneider 
sold his interest to Lorenz Brealano, who became editor. A. C. 
Hesing became sole owner in 1867; Herman Raster became 
editor, and remained in that position until 1891. when he was 
succeeded by William Rapp. Hesing was succeeded in the 
management by his son, Washington Hesing. By 1874 the 
Sunday edition had been changed to Der Weston. The 
Ulinois Staats Zeitung Company were editors and publishers, 
and in politics the paper was Independent. In 1881 the weekly 
edition and Dcr Il'V.^tew were listed as Independent, the daily 
edition as Independent- Republican. By 1907 the Sunday 
edition had been changed to Westen Und Dakeim. Since then 
the daily, Sunday, and weekly editions ha\*e been Independent- 
Republican. The Illinois Pu!)lishing Company are publishers. 
The entire stock of thi.^ company, which wa.s owned by Mrs. 
Herman Raster and Richard Machaclis, is o^-ned at present by 
Walter R. Michadls' and HoraceL. Brand. The Slaats-Zeittmg 
was active in urging the movement which re^ullcd in the forma- 
tion of the Republican party. U strenuously opposed the Kansas- 
Nebraska BUI and the extension of slavery. ENAHUC 

Lady's Western Macazine, December, 1848-1849: Edited by 
Benjamin F. Taylor and J. S. Hurlbiit: publ)>>hed by Charles 
L. Wilson. Mr. Taylor, the editor in-chief, was a man of real 
literary genius, but did not command sufficient business resources 
to continue the paper long. It was established in imitation of 
several "ladies' magazines" published in New York and 

New CoN'ENANr, 1848-18804- : A Universalis! church publication. 
Edited by Rev. W. E. Maidcy and Rev. J. M. Day, 184S-1849; 
.S. P. Skinner, 1849-1855; L. B. Mason, 1855-1S59, D. R. Liv- 
ermore, 1859-1869. .According to Mr. Boss, Mrs. Mary Liver- 
more was "real editor" during the period, 1859-1869. In May 
1869, Rev. J. W. Hanson, D.D., and Rev. Selden Gilbert became 
owners. In September ot that year, the Northwestern Univer- 
salist Publishing House became the publishers, with J. W. Han- 
sen, D.D., as editor and Mr. Ciilbert, business manager. In 
October, 1871, Dr. Hanson became both manager and editor, 
Rev. W. A. Start was business manager for 1874, but in 1875 
Dr. Hanson was again manager and editor. He remained so 
until 1883, with the Northwestern Universalist Publishing House 
continuing as publishers. The Star 0} the West of Cincinnati 
was consolidated with the New Covenant in 1880, the name be- 
coming Star and Cmienant, and the publication being continued 



in Chicago. In December, 1883, the Universalist Publishing 
House of Boston bought the paper and changed ils naire to 
Universalist. In May, 1S84, Rev. J. S. Cantwell bttcamc editor 
and was still so in 1886. WHCEF 

Northwesters Jourmal of Houopotathia, October, 1848-1852: 
Monthly. ICditod and published ))y Hr. George E. Shipman. 
Printed by Whitmarsh and Fullon. It was mainly filled with 
trantilations by the editor from various foreign journals and with 
original papt:rs from his own pen. "Its object was to set forth 
ihc principles of homnecpathy and to defend and confirm the view.'s 
of such physicians as had undertaken its practice." JH 

Western f'ARiiEB, 184S to date (1869)-. A weekly agricultural 
paper. Il was dated for Madison. Wisconsin and Chicago in 
j8Gg. W. B. Davis was editor and publisher in that year. 

Chicaoo Dollar Newspaper. March 17, 1849 (?): A paper 

edited by James R. Bull. Devoted lo literature, news, and 
agriculture. The Chicago Dollar Weekly of this dale is men- 
tioned by Mr. H. R. Fleming as "a literary Journal of merit." F 

Teui'Ekance BArrLE-,\x, part of 1849: Edited by Charles J. Sel- 
lon and D. D. DriscoU. 

Couuerciai. Register, 1850: Issued by J. F. Ballantyne. Short- 

Democratic Argus, .August, 1850 (?): Issued daily and 

weekly by B. F. Seaton and W. W. Peck. 

Eclectic Journal op Education and Literary Review, June, 
i85o-.\pril, 1851; Ap[)cared monthly; edited by U. F. Bartlett. 
In AprU, 1851, Dr. N. S. Davis became editor, and with that 
number publicatian ceased. H 

Christian Era, 1852: .\n unsuccessful paper published by Rev. 
Epaphra.s Goodman. 

Daily Demcjcratic Press, iSsa-July, 1858+ : Edited by John L. 
Scripps and William Bross. In 1854 the firm became Scripps, 
Bross and Spears (Barton W.). .^t first it was a non-partisan paper 
but in 1857 it began e.Tpounding the principles of the Republican 
party. A weekly edition also was issued. July i, 1S5R, ihe 
Press was consolidated with the Tribune. WHCAEF 

Daily Express and CowiiERCLU, Register, 1852 (?): An 

Independent commercial penny paper edited by J. Q. A. Wood 
and W. J. Patterson. 

Weekly Express, 1852-1853: Conducted by J. F. Ballantyne and 

Company. Continued about a year. 
Frihed's Banneret, 1852-1853 : First Norwegian paper published 

in Chicago. Edited by Mouritzon and Kjoss. 


LtTEKASV Budget, 1852-1855+: Published monlhly by WiDiam 
Weaver Dancnhowcr, a bookseller, who estabUshi-d the paper 
as a tncdiura for the advertising of l>ookg and periodicals. After 
seven moulhlj issues it waschanRC-d, Januar)' 7, i8';4, toa weekly, 
with Benjamin F. Taylor as editor. T. H. Whijiple appeared 
as associate editor in the same year. In its weekly form the 
Budget grew into a "literary journal of distinct merit," concen- 
trating its attention upon matters concerning the West. It states 
cdiloriall>, '* A new field is open to authorship. . . . The West 
is full of subject-matter for legend, story or history. ... All 
that is lacking is a proper chaoncl. This channel we offer. The 
Budget claims to be a western literary paper, and we invite 
writers to send us articles on western subjects, for publication." 
The paper was continued until 1855. In the summer of that 
year Mr. Dancnhnwer "became stale leader of the 'Native 
American' or 'Know-Nothing' party, which had during the year 
preceding carried two eastern common wealth.s and had shown 
strength in the middle slates. He announced that the Budget 
would 'close its existence,' that he would 'launch his bark' once 
more, and tiiat bis numerous readers would receive the Weekly 
Native Citizen. As a spokesman of the reaction against the 
immigration due to the Irish famine and the continental revo- 
lutions of 1848 and 1849, he wrote vehemently. With the 
Budget^ s last breath he said : ' We trust that our future exertions 
will be such as lo exemplify to the world that the pure fire of 
American sentiment is sweeping over our vast prairies; that 
hereafter America shall and must be governed by Americans.' '" H 

Dailv Native Citizen, +1855- 


A Weekly Native Citizen 
was projected as the successor of Literary Budget. Evidence 
has not been obtainable to prove that this paper w:ls actually 
published W. W. Danenhower who was to be the editor and pub- 
lisher of the weekly, issued the daily, for at least six months. F 

Times. June 12, 1852-Octobcr 18, 1853: .\ Free Soil paper, daily 
and tri-wcckly, established in connection with the Western Citizen 
and discontinued when that paper was changed to Free West. It 
was at first published by Lee and Townsend; ufter eighteen 
numbers, by K. C. Townsend and Company; after the twenty- 
first number by Lyman K. D. Wolf; edited and published after 
no. 45 by C. T. Gaston; published after No. 86 by Oaston, 
Muir, and Company. By No. 135, November 16, 1853, Zebina 
Eastman had Iwcome editor and publisher. HF 

Western Tabixt, February 7, 1853-1855: A Catholic literary 
periodical pubb'shed b) Daniel O'Hara. HF 

I Horbcrt E. Plcmiog. LUttcry tmttttita »i Ckit^go, joe. 



Christun Banker, January 8, 1853 (?): Only eight numbers 

were issued. Published by Seth Paine and John W. Holmes 
as an advertisement for their bank. For an account of that 
curious institution see Andreas, Chicago, vol. i, pp. 539-544* ^ 

Christian Shoemaker, 1853: Published for only a short lime by 
F. V. Pitney as a travesty on the Christian Banker. 

CouRANT, 1853-1854+ : An Independent daily edited by William 
Duanc Wilson. Sold to Messrs. Cook, Cameron, and Patterson, 
and changed to F 

YotJNc America, +July 4, 1854+ : A Democratic paper edited 
by J. W. Patterson, published by Cook, Cameron, and Patter- 
son. Daily and weekly. It was soon changed to F 

Chicago Daily Times,' +August 30, 1854-1860+ ; The founders 
and publishers of the Times were fsaac Cook, James W. Sbeahan 
and Daniel Cameron. It wa^i a Democratic daily, edited by 
James W. Sheahan, 1854-1856; James W. Sheahan and Daniel 
Cameron, 1856-1858; Sheahan aad William Price. 1858-1860; 
published by Cook and Company. In i860 CvrusH.McC'orniick, 
owner of the Herald, purchased the 7'»mes and consolidated the 
two papers under the name of the HANF 

Times and Herald, +1860 (?)+: E- W. McComas was 

placed in editorial charge. Tlie paper appears to have assumed 
very soon the title of H 

Daily Chicago Times, +i86o((^-June 20, 1861+: Under the 
care of Mr. McComas, who was a journalist from Virginia, the 
paper became an exponent of the Southern l)cmocrac>\ Mc- 
Cormick was proprietor and Daniel Cameron publisher until 
June 8, 1861, wl]en Wilbur F. Storey became editor and pro- 
prietor. From late in i860 to June 20, 1861, the Tinus was 
numbered vol. i, until no. 275, June 21, 1861, when vol. 7 was 
used and the title changed from Daily Chicago Times to NAH 

' Precident Lincoln contributed lh« followirg uDODjrmoui aole to the Wkshlog- 
toD ChroHVh, June b. t86y. 

"BorroK or trb Chbokiclb; In your Ihim* of this morning you h«ve An 
■jtlcle oa the Cliicago Tiiti^s. Being ui Hlinaiuin. 1 happnn to know that 
much of the utkic is incorrect. Ai I remember, upon the repeal ol the Miaaouri 
Compramiae, thr! DcnKicrKtic nvWKpnpm «t Chinwo went owr bo the oppoaltton. 
Tliereupon Ch« Timti was e«tAbltah«d by the (Hend> of th« admloiitratJoQ, Seas- 
tor DniiitUit heins the tnoAt proininmt to establiifctng it A man by the name oC 
June* Sheahan. trom thia city, waa it* fint and only editor nearly if not quit* 
all the remainder of the Mnator'a life. On the political sepaTalion between Mr. 
Bitchutan and Senator DoukUi, the Tim*i adhered to the «enator. and wai the 
ableit paper In his lurport throuah his wnatonal coiit«st vith Mr. Linoola. 
Sitice the lost prenHential election certainly, perhap* dnce Senator DouxUa'l 
death, Ur. Sheahan left the Timtt: the Timti sinoe then has been IdcnticaJ with 
the TuHMs hcforc then in little more than the name. The writer hereof b not 
well enough posted to say but thai your ■itii-le in other reipecls is onrrect." — 
Camiplmt Workt of Abtakam Uncoln. ▼Ui, »9a. I9J. 




Chicago Times. +June ao, i86T-March 4, 1895 +: After the 
emancipalion proclamation, the Times ceased to favor the prose- 
cution of the war, and was bitter in its denunciations of Lin- 
Ci^n's administration. It became such a radical "copperhead 
sheet" that General .\mbrose E Bumsidc, in command of the 
Department of the Northwest, with headquarters at Cincinnati, 
issued an order for the suppression of the Times, and the com- 
mander at Camp Dougla.s was charged with the execution of the 
order. On the niomlng of June 3, 186,^, soldiers marched in- 
to the press room and twik possession. Mass meetings were held 
during ibe day in advocacy of free speech and a free press. A 
petition lo President Lincoln to revoke the order was signed by 
some of the most prominent Republicans and business men of the 
city, and Senator Lyman TnimbuU and Isaac N. Arnold tele- 
graphed personally to Mr. Lincoln to the same effect. The order 
was revoked by the President and publication was resumed June 
5. After the presidential campaign of 1868 the Times ceased to 
be a party organ, claimed to be Independent, and made many 
vigorous on.«ilaughts on the Democratic party. However, it 
supported the Democratic candidate.s of 1876, 1880 and 1884. 
In the fall of 1863, Franc B. Wilkie joined the editorial stafT, and 
in 1867 Andre Matteson became a part of the editorial force for 
the second time, .\nanias Worden was manager from 1861 
to 1865; H. B. Chandler, 1865-1870; Mr. Storey became sole 
owner in 1S70, and made A. L. Patterson manager. The 
establishment wa.s destroyed in the great fire of 1871, but 
reappeared very soon after. Mr. Storey, who had been 
the leading spirit of the paper for over twenty years, died in 
October, 1 884 ; the paper went into the hands of a receiver and was 
sold in 1887 to a new Chicago 'I'imes Company headed by James 
J. West, who was manager. He was ousted later, and succeeded 
by Huiskamp Brothers, with Joseph K. Dunlap as editor. In 
1891 Carter H. Harrison formed the Newspaper Company and 
bought the Times. Carter H. Hanison, Jr., was made business 
manager, and Preston Harrison managing editor. March 4, 
i8giS,it was joined to the Ueraid — hence Times-Herald, which 
on March 28, 1901, was consolidated with the Record as the 
Record-lleraid. EWDNAHSUC 

Evangelist, 1853-1855+ : A paper representing the tenets of the 
New School of Presbyterians. Edited by an association of Pres- 
byterian clergymen, the resident editors being Rev. H. Curtis 
and Rev. R. W. Patterson; associate editors, G. W, Gale, S. G. 
Spears, W. H. Spencer, A. Eddy, and S. D. Pilkin. In April, 
1854, Rev. Joseph Gaston Wilson took editorial charge. In 


1855 it was merged into the New York Evangelist, which there- 
after had a aortbwestem editor id Chicago. F 

Horner's Chicago axd Western GoroE, 1853: Monthly. Pub- 
lished by W. B. Homer; purported to contain all infonnation for 
traveling by railroad, steamboat, and stage from Chicago to every 
town in the Northwest, and to any important city in the United 
States. F 

New Church Independent and Review, 1853 to date (1880): 
A monthly, devoted to Swedenborgian interests. John S- Weller 
was editor and Wcllcr and Metcalf wore publishers. 1874-1880. 

Northwestern Christun Advocate, January 5, 1853 to date: 
A weekly, edited by James V. Watson, 1853-1856 ; Rev. Thomas 
M. Eddy, 1856-1868. It was published by Swormatcd and Poe 
for the Northwestern Conference of the Methodist Eputcopal 
Church and printed by ChariesPhflbrick. Rigidly anti-slaver>-. 
In 1868 the editorship was given to Rev. John Morrison Reld. 
Mr. Reid was succeeded in 1872 by Arthur Edwards, D.D., 
editor to igoi. David D. Thompson was editor 1901-1908; 
Charles M. Stuart in 1909. Hitchcock and Waldcn were pub- 
lishers from before 1869 until 1880. with Dr. Luke Hitchcock 
as manager. In 1880 Walden and Stowe became publisheis; 

Cranston and Stowe, 1884 (?); Jennings and Graha m in 

1907, and to date. WDUHF 

Olive Branch or the West, 1853 (?); Published by J. R. 

Balme, in the interest of Salerr Baptist Church. F 

Sloan's Garden City, i853-i854(?); A literary paper edited by 
Walter Sloan, a vender of patent medicines; published at first 
by Robert Fergus, afterward by Charles Scott and Company. 
The firat few numbers contained a "Sloan's Column," in which 
his patent medicines were advertised. "Later Oscar B. Sloan, 
a son, became editor. The patent medicine notices disappeared. 
The paper became a pro-western literary- organ of genuine merit, 
having, however, a trend toward the family-story type of literary 
appeal." It was merged in 1854 with the Peofde^s Paper of Bos- 
ton, which lived until 1870. WH 

Traveler, i853(?): Mentioned in the city directory of 1853 as 
managed by James M. Chatfield, John Cbatficld, Jr., WiUiain 
B. Doolittie, and Lee Lars. 

Yodth's Western Banner, 1853: A short-lived monthly juvenile 
publication devoted to temperance, morality, and religion. 
Edited and published by Isaac C. Smith and Company. 

Atlantis, 1854: A monthly, edited by Christian Essellen. 


Oedtsche Auesdcanek, 1854: Edited by George Schtaeger. An 
anti- Nebraska paper; lasted but a few months. 

HouEOPATH, January, 1854-December, 1856: Bi-monlhly. 
Edited by Dre. D. S. Smith, S. W. Graves, and R. Ludlam. 
It was a small non-professional magazine. Upon the death 
of Dr. S, W. Graves, Dr. D. A. Colton became one of the editors. 
Three yearly volumes of the magazine were completed. HJ 

Maine Law Alliance, 1854: A temperance paper, published by 
Hiram W. Jewell, with B. E. Hale, Kev. T. Yates, and Dr. 
Charles Jcwett as editors. Short-lived. 

Protestant, January, 1854: Monthly. Hays and Thompson were 

SATTTftDAY EvENtKG MAIL, January, 1854: A temperance paper 
edited b> George R. Graham. Short-lived. 

Western Pathtinder, 1854 to date (1856): An advertising sheet 
published in the interest of travelers and real estate men- 
Owned and edited by W. B. Homer. Published by Homer and 

.\shlar, September, 1855 to date (r86i) : A Masonic monthly pub- 
lished simultaneously in Chicago and Detroit. Established by 
Allyn Weston and conducted by him through three volumes. 
Then Charles Scott became proprietor; Weston remained 
editor. In January, 1861, Ashlar, "devoted to Masonry, gen- 
eral literature and progress," was edited by J. Adams Allen. H 

Bank-Note Llst, 1855 to date (1864) : A semi-monthly edited and 
published by Granger Adams, a hanker. Devoted to reporting 
financial matters, with especial reference to the means of 
detecting counterfeits, and containing a report of the banks that 
were in an embarrassed condition or had ceased to be solvent. 
This paper appeared in the directory as late as 1862 as published 
by Mr. Adams. It is ^ven in 1S63 and 1864 as published by S. 
K.. Reed. 

Beobachter VON Michigan, 1855-1856: A Douglas paper edited 

by Committi and Becker. 
Courier, 1855: Issued by R, P. Hamilton. 

Western Farm Journal, 1855 to date (1877): An agricultural 
paper. In 1875 Dr. G. Sprague was editor; G. Sprague, 
F. R. Sprague, and D. J. Walker were publishers; and F. R. 
Sprague was business manager. Printed at the office of the 
Homestead and Western Farm Journal, Des Moines, Iowa. It 
is probable that this paper was not published from Chicago 
prior to 1875. 




National Democrat, 1855 to date (i860) ; A daily Douglas paper; 

edited by Dr. Ignatius Koch, published by J. E. Committi. 

Later editors were Koch and Schade, then Koch and Frochlich ; 

later publishers were Michael Diversey, then Frilz Becker, 1857- 

Native American, September 7, i8ss-Novcmber, 1856: Started 

by William Weaver Danenhower, father of Lieutenant J. W. 

Danenhower, the Arctic explorer. Washington Wright was 

editor. A daily issued in the interest of the Native American party. 

Union, 1855 to date (1876): A German Democratic paper, issued 
daily and weekly. Mention is made of a Sunday edition in the 
directories for 1866. 1869. 1870 and 1876. In 1869 it was called 
Westlicke Unlerhallungs-Blalter; in 1876, the Bclktristische 
Zfitung. The weekly edition only h mentioned in 1873 and 1873. 
Frederick Becker and Schlacgcr were proprietors in 1861; 
Becker was sole proprietor, 1863-1S63. In 1864, Edward 
Roesch was editor. F. Becker was publisher in that year and 
continued so until 1870. W. Bellinghausen and Company were 
editors and publishers. 1870-1872; the German Newspaper and 
Printing Company, proprietors and publishers, 1872-18; 
Hermann Lieb was editor and publisher, 1873-1876. 

Western Crusaukr, 1855-1856-f: A temperance paper edited bj 
Tho.t. Williams and Orlo W. Strung. Gerhard (1856) gives J. 
D. Dow and Company as publishers. Changed to 

Northwestern Home Journal, + 1856 ( ?) : Edited by James 

B. Merwin and publishtd by an association comprising F. H. 
Benson, J. M. Kennedy, O. W. Strong, R. L. Dunlap. and E. 
R. Bowen. 

Western Garland, 1855: A nrionthly, issued simultaneously m 
Chicago^ Louisville, and St. Louis, devoted to "polite literature, 
art, science, home and foreign news." It was founded by Mrs. 
Harriet C. Lindsey and Son, with R. R. Lindsey as editor in 
Chicago. H 

Abend Zeitiwo, i856(?)-i858(?): A German daily, published in 
1856 by Commiiti and Becker. In 1858, published by Com- 
mitti and Bode, edited by Henry Ginal. 


(?): Edited by C. H. Scrivcn and John J. Gallagher. 

CoMMEKCiA!. Letteb, 1856-1868+ t A critical daily record of the 
flour, grain, live stock, and provision markets. P. L. Wells was 
editor and publisher until 1862; H. R. Hulburd, 1863; H. A. 
Newcomb and Company proprietors. Thomas M. Wignall 
editor, 1S64; Thomas H. Wignall, editor and publisher, 1866- 


iS68. Id iS68 it was incorporated with Chicago Daily Com- 
mercial Report and Market Rniiew. J 

Democratic Bugle, 1856: Publishtd by Charlts Leib. Daily. F 

Deuokrat, 1856 to dale {1880): In 1877 W. Kuhl was manager. 
In 1880 he was still manager and the Demokrat Printing Com- 
pany were publishers. 

Flower Queen, 1856-1857: Published by Higgins Brothers. 

Hebalu, 1856-1857: A daily rdited by T. R. Dawley. Li.sted by- 
Gerhard as daiJy and weekly, published by Cook and Company. 

Manfohd's Magazine, 1856 to date (1881} ; A Universali&t monthly, 
listed in Uowell, 1869, as Manford's \fonthly Magazine. Rev. 
E. Manford and Mrs. H. B. Manford were editors in 1869; Rev. 
E. Manford was pul>Iisher, and the .same is true until 1876, after 
which time Mr. and Mre. Manford were editors and publishers. 
W. W. Clayton was associated with them as editor in 1871. 

Daily News, September, 1856 (?): Edited by Walter B. 

Sloan. F 

Daily Patriot, September 30-November, 1856: A Fillmore and 
Donelson campaign paper. F 

Pen and Pencil, 1856 : An art and story paper. Edited by T. R. 
Dawley and contributed to by T. Herbert Whipple. F 

PRAIKIR Leaf, 1S56 (?): A monthly, issued for a short time 

by D. B. Cooke and Company. 

Daily Price Current, 1856-1857. 

Rounds' Printers Cabinet, 1856 to date (1881): Published by 
Rounds and Langdon. In December, 1856, there was but one 
other journal in the United States that was devoted exclusively 
to the interest of the 'art preservative' — the Typographical 
Advertiser; Rounds' Cabinti was the first of that character in 
the northwest, the second in (he United States in its dale of issue, 
and the first monthly typographical journal in the Union. It is 
not listed in Rowell, 1869, but is given as an advertising sheet in 
newspaper directories, 1873-1876, with S. P. Rounds as publisher. 
Listed in Ayer, 1881, as a quarterly advertising sheet. 

Svenska Republik-vnen {Den Svenska Republikanen i Norra A mer- 
ika), +September, 1857-July, 1858: Established by the leaders 
of the Bishop Hill colony at Galva, and edited by S. Cronsioe. 
It was soon turned over to Cronsioe as his private property, and 
removed to Chicago. It was antagonistic to Ilenilandet, and 
ultra liberal as to religion, — so much so that the name came to 
be in bad odor among a targe class of the Swedish people. 

StmuAV Vacuna, Spring of 1856 (?): The first exclusively 

Sunday paper in Chicago ; named for the goddess of rural leisure. 


Western Ekterprise. 1856-1857+: An agricultural wedcly; 
merged in the Prairie Farmer. Edited by E. Porter Little. 

Western Journal of Music. 1856-1857: Semi-monthly. Edited by 
William H. Curric, and published by R. O. Greene. Il was a 
paper "devoted to literature and art . . . to the advancement 
of musical knowledge and interest, in (he western states partic- 

Evangel, i857(?)-- — (?): Edited by J. G. Wilson. Mentioned 
in the city directory for 1857. 

Le JotTRNAL DE l'Illinois, 1857-1858: First issued in Kankakee 
as a weekly on January- 2, 1857, by A. Grandpr^ and Claude 
Petit, being the first French newspaper published in the state. 
In September, 1857, it was moved to Chicago under the same 
management. For one month il was issued semi-weekly, after 
which it was changed back to weekly. 

Daily Ledger, 1857: Published by Barnes, Stewart, and Paine. 
Seth Paine was editor. 

Chicago Magazine, Tue West as It Is, March-August, 1857: 
Founded by the Mechamts' Institute, an organization for nighl- 
study, the objcirt being partly to secure exchanges gratis for its 
library. Zebina Eastman was the editor; John Gager and Com- 
pany were the publishers. The magazine was devoted to liter- 
ature, biography, historical reminiscence, etc. Mr. II. E. Flem- 
ing mentions it as "the literary-historical magazine of highest 
tone." It was beautifully and profusely illustrated, and though 
it carried as many advertisements as were usual at that time, its 
eroenses were greater than its receipts. The five numbers pub- 
lished were got out with increasing difficulty, and the magazine 
expired in .\ug1j3l. According to .Andreas, the failure was a great 
loss to the literary interests of the city. Monthly. CSH 

Musical Rkview, 1857-1858: F.dited by C. M. Cady; published 
by Higgins Brothers; and printed by Pool and Spaulding. 

Northwestern Bank Note and CouNXERFErr Reporter, 1857- 
1858: Published by Isaac A. Pool. Semi-monthly. 

Northwestern Presbyterian, 1857 to date (1869): A weekly 
edited and pubEtsbed in 1S69 by Rev. E. £. Erskine and Rev. 
David McKinncy. Rev. J. B, McCIurc was associate editor. 

Presbyterian F.XPosiTOR, 1857 to date (r86o): Monthly. HC 

Real Estate News Letter and Insurance MoNnoR, 1857-1858: 
Published monthly by Gallaher and Gilbert. Had an existence 
of only a few months. 

Real Estate Register ob teie Northwest, May, 1857-1858: 
Issued monthly. Edited and published by G. W. Yerb> and 
Company. £ 




Chicago Record, April, 1857-April i, 1858+ : Monthly. Edited 
and owTied by James Grant Wflson. Devoted to religion, liter- 
ature, and fine arts. With vol. a the title was changed to 


Church Rfcord, +April i. r8s&-April 1, 1860+ : With vol. 4. 
April t. i860, changed again to ASCHWF 

Chicago Record, +April 1, 1860-March 15, 1869+ : A new num- 
bering was begun, but the old was resumed with vol. 4, no. a. 
In March, 1862, Mr. Wilson sold the magazine to enter the Union 
army. In the issue for March 15, he says in his parting words thai 
the publication has been a success. It was the pioneer paper of 
its Icind pu})tishcd in the northwest. The purchaser was Rev. 
Thomas Smith, who in the March 15 issue said he would con- 
tinue it as ASUCW 

Northwestern Church, -(-March, 1862 [0 date (1865) : An Epis- 
copal church paper. Rev. Thomas Smith was proprietor and 
publisher. 1862-1865. WS 

Saturday Evening Chbonotyi'e, 1857: Edited by C. A. Wash- 
bum ; continued three months. 

Sunday Leader, 1857 -( ?) : The first exclusively Sunday news- 
paper of any permanence issued in Chicago. Published by S. 
P. Rounds; managing editor, Edward Bliss. It lived but a 
short time, though longer than Vocuna. A distinguishing feature 
was its chess column edited by Lei^is Poulson. 

Sunday Herald, 1857(7) (?): It was started subsequent to 

the establishment of the Sunday Leader, in opposition to it. 
The Herald ran about a year. 

Trestle Board, 1857 (?): Edited and published by J.J. 

Clarkson in the interest of the Masonic fraternity. 

Daily Union, 1857-1858: Issued by the Chicago Union Printing 
Company. Louis Schade was general editor; B. H. Meyers, 
cily editor. 

Wells' Commercial Express and Western Produce Reporter, 
1857-1871: Joel Henry Wells was editor and publisher until 
i866; Wells and Vittum. 1866-1868; then Wells alone. At 
first weekly, then weekly and monthly. A daily edition called 
Morning BuJletin was published from 1857 to 1859. After 1861 
there was a daily edition called tlic Chicago Commercial Ex- 
press. This paper was listed in some of the directories as 
Weils' Commercial Express. E 

Western Railroad Gazette, April, iSgy-April, 1870-I- : Stanley 
G. Fowler was editor and publisher, 1861-1865 ; A. N. KeUggg, 
1866-1870. The tide was changed April, 1870, to WHP 



Railroad Gazette, + April, 1870-1882+ ; After the fire of 
October, 1871, the paper was published simultaneously in Chi- 
cago and New York. A. N. Kellogg was proprietor, 187a; A. 
N. Kellogg and Company were proprietors, 1873. In 1873 S. 
Wright Dunning and M. N. Forney were editors: S. Boardman 
was publisher. S. Wright Dunning and M. N. Forney were 
editors and publishers, 1873-1883. The paper was moved to 
New York in 1882. June, 1908, it was united with Railway Age 
as Railroad Age Gazette, and is still so published. HWUJC 

Zeitgeist, 1857-1858: German. Edited by Emest Gcorders and 
published by Charies Hess. 

CLOun AND THE Bow. July 7, i8|;8 (?): A semi-monthly relig- 
ious pul>Iication, edited by Rev. W. H. Hadley. "Devoted to 
the benefit of the friendless, the tempted, and the erring." EH 

Euery's Journal of Agricultdre, January j-October 7, 1858+ : 
Edited by Henry D. Emery and Charles D. Bragdon. With 
vol. 2. no. 15 {Prairie Farmer, vol. 18. no. 41), October 
7, 1858, Mr. Emery, who had bought the Prairie Farmer, 
October i, continued the paper as Emery's Journal 0} Agriculture 
and Prairie Farmer, October 7, i85S-January, 1859. January 
I, 1859, he shortened the title to the original Prairie Farmer, and 
continued the publication. (Sec p. 54.) WH 

Herald May, 1858-September, 1860+ : Established by Isaac 
Cook and Charles N. Pine as a Buchanan administration 
organ to aniagonize the Times, which supported Douglas. 
In 1859 it was sold to Cyrus H. McCormick. The Times was 
bought by McCormick in ScptL-mber, i860, and the first number 
of the Daily Times and Herald was issued September 8. This 
paper was maintained through the campaign of i860 as an ex- 
treme exponent of State Rights Democracy. Ex-Goveraor EL 
W. McComas was editor first of the Herald, later of the Times 
and Herald. .An advertisement of the Herald before the con- 
solidation announces that the paper will continue "an organ of 
Democratic thought and an exponent of constitutional principles. 
It will advocate the equal right* of the people and the fraternal 
union of the States. ... Its motto is 'Principles, not Men.' 
As a commercial, mechanical, literary and moral newspaper, it 
will be inferior to none in the West. Nothing will be allowed 
in its columns that will cause a blush to the most rigidly pure." 
(See Times.) A 

NoRTUWi:sTER.N pRAlRtE Faruer, October 7, 1858 to date (i860): 
Established by James C. Mcdill, editor, and William S. Hon- 
nold, publisher, who apparcnth did not wish to be included 
among those who sold their good will to H. D. Emery with the 


Prairie Farmer. The Northurstem Prairie Farmer used the 
same slogan that the Prairie Farmer had used: "' Farmers, write 
for your paper." Charles Bctts appeared as an editor some 
time after the establishment of the paper, which is found in the 
directory for 1859 and i860. £ 

Northwestern Quarterly Magazine, October, 1858; Edited 
by James Gra.nt Wilson and published by Rufus Blanchard. A 
serious magazine, " the most ambitious of the kind ever attempted 
in Chicago, and quite pretentious for so early a date ..." In 
telling of the aims of the magazine the editors said that " the broad 
fields of literature" were to be traversed "and the progress of fine 
arts to be traced." The financial embarrassment of Mr. Blan- 
chard in another publication enteqjrise prevented the appearance 
of a second number of the Quarterly, even though the material 
for it was in the proof. H 

Det RXtta Heulandet, +1858-1873+; Established in Gaies- 
burg in 1856 as a monthly devotional paper, it was removed to 
Chicago in 1858. It editors to 1873 were the same as for Hem- 
landet. Merged in 

Hemlandet, Det Gaula Och Det Nye, +JaHuary 7, 185S to 
date: A Swedish Lutheran paper, published at Galesbuig from 
January 3, 1855, to 1858, when it was moved to Chicago. It 
was edited by Rev. T. N. Hasselquist, 1855-1858; Dr. Eric 
Norelius, assisted by Jonas Engberg. 1859; Noretius was suc- 
ceeded by Erland Carlsson, assi.=ited by Engberg. Carlsson 
turned the work over to Engberg, 1863-1864 ; Dr. A. R. Cer\'in, 
1864-1868; J, G. Prinrell, Januarv-Jiily, 1869; P. A. SundcHus, 
1869; Johan Alfred Enander, 1869-1872; Enander and G. A. 
Bohman, 1872-1889. The firm was dissolved in 1889, and was 
succeeded by the Hemlandet Publishing Company, 1890. In 
1891 Hcmiandel was sold to A. E. Johnson with J. N. Sbderholm 
as partner, editor-in-chief, and manager, 1891-1896; in 1896 
Johnson bought out Sbderholm, organized the Hemlandet Com- 
pany with himself as president, and Johan Alfred Enander again 
became editor, In iS6g the character of the paper was changed 
from a mainly religious to a general newspaper. Republican 
and still devoted to the interests of the Lutheran church. 

Bank Note Reporter and Coonterteit Detector, 1859 (?) to 
date (i860) : Listed in city directories for 1859 and i860 as issued 
monthly and semi-monthly by £. K. WUIard and Mr. Young. 
A Bank Note Reporter is listed in i86r with E. I. Tinkham as 
publisher, and McElroy's Bank Note Reporter is listed in 1862 
and 1863. 



Christian Instructor and Wf.stern United Presbyterian, 
iS$g{?) to date (1880): The first mention of this publication 
is in the directory for 1S79, although 1859 is given as the time 
when it was established. In 1879 it was listed as Christian In- 
structor, with Morrison, McCoy, and McDill as publishers. The 
longer name was used the next year; John Morrison and A. G. 
McCoy were editors and publishers. Then the short name was 
used, and .Mbert McCoy was aamed as editor. 

Dental Cosmos, 1859 to date (1879): A monthly, devoted to dental 
surgery and advertising. Printed in Philadelphia; issued 
simultaneously in Philadelphia. New York, Boston, and Chicago. 
In 1S76, James W. White, M.D.. D.D.S.,was editor, and Samuel 
S. \V. White, publisher. The journal had the same editor and 
pubUsher to date (1879). 

Northwestern Home AND School Journal, i8s9(?) {?): J. 

T. Eberhart was proprietor, and the assistant editor was Rolla 
A. Law. The paper appears in the city directory for 1859. 

I'HiLups' Northwestern Money Reporter anu Insurance 
Journal, i859(?) (?): Issued weekly, monthly, and semi- 
monthly by B. W. Phillips. Noted in the city directory for 1859. 
Listed also as Northwfstfrn Money Reporter. 

Report of StriTs, Judgiients, Chattel Mortgages, etc. ,i859(?) 
to date (1S60) : Listed in the city directories for 1S59 and i860 as 
a daily, published by Edward Bean. 

Western Banner, i3s9(?) to date (i860) : Listed in the directories 
for 1859 and i860 with B. D. Killiar as editor and proprietor. 

Baptist Monthly, January, i860 to date (i86i): "A reposi- 
tory of original sermons, reviews, literary and religious mis- 
a-llany." W. Stuart Goodno was publisher. John Russell of 
BlufFdale was a regular contributor. H 

Commercial Letter, i86o(?) (?): A daily listed in the city 

directory of i860. 

Congregational Review, i86o(?) to date (1871): A religious bi- 
monthly, published in 1870 and 1871 by O. S. G. Savage. 

Home Land. i86o( ?) ( ?) : A German weekly listed in the city 

directory of i860. 

Home Visitor, i36o to dale: A philanthropic monthly, issued by 
the Chicago Home for the Friendless as an organ of communi- 
cation with its constituency. Goodman, Church, and Donnelley 
were publishers, 1867-1868. Mrs. Mary G. Clarke was editor, 
1869-1871; Eliza W. Bowman, 1872-1880, EUen C. Babbitt 
was editor in 1907. Mary B. Stalker has been editor since 1907. 


Katholiscbes WocHEJTBLATr, 1860 to date: E. Schultze was 
proprietor, 1862-1863; Franz Xavier Brandecker was edtlor and 
publisher, 1864-1880. In 1908 Brandecker was publisher and 
George Schlcyer was editor. In 1863 this paper was listed as 
the Catholic Journal. German Catholic. 

Mahket Review and Price Current, i860 to date (1861) : Listed 
in the city directories of i860 and 1861 as a weekly, published 
by P. L. and J. H. Wells. 

Chicago Medical Exauineu, January, 1860-Sepicmbcr, 1875+: 
Issued monthly. N. S. Davis, M.D.. and Frank W. Reilly, M.D., 
were editors, and W. Cravens and Company were publishers, 
1861-1862; N. S. Davis was editor, 1863-1864, and editor and 
publisher, 1865-1870. From 1873 to 1875 N. S. and I. H. Davis 
were editors and publishers. Aiter 1871 the word Cktraga was 
dropped from the title, and the paper was a semi-monthly. In 
September, 1875, the Sfedicai Examiner was u&ited with the 
Chicago Medical Journal as the Chicago MedUal Journal and 
Examiner. (See Chicago Medical Jourrtal.) H 

Medical Invesxioator, 1860-1875+: This was a bi-monthly 
homeopathic journal of a somewhat popular order, edited anony- 
mously and published at least until 1874 by C. S. Halsey, except 
in 1861, when the publishers were Halsc> and King. It reported 
the progress of the various homeopathic societies throughout 
the country and gave extracts from the lectures that were being 
given at the Hahnemann Medical College, .^t the close of i866 
it became a strictly professional monthly, with Dr. T. C. Duncan 
as its editor. In 1875 it was merged with the Unittd States Medi- 
cal and Surgical Journal, and became the H 

United States Medical Investigator, +1875-1893: Semi- 
monthly. Dr. T. C. Duncan editor and publisher, 1875; Dr. 
T. C. Duncan editor, and F. Duncan manager, 1876; Dr. T. C. 
Duncan editor, and Duncan Brothers publishers, 1877-1880. 
Dr. W. E. Reed became editor in 1889, and was succeeded in 
January, 1891, by Dr. Charles H. Evans. In 1893 its publi- 
cation was discontinued. W 

Morning Post, December 35, 1860-1865+: Daily and weekly. 
Established by James W. Sheahan, Andr6 Matteson, and Francis 
A. Eastman as a Democratic paper, friendly to Douglas, and 
conservatively supporting the war measures o( the government. 
It was edited by J. W. Sheahan, 1862-1865, ^d published by the 
Chicago Post Company. In 1863 it became the Posf and con- 
tinued so until 1865. In that year Sheahan and Malteson were 
editors and F. A. Eastman was manager. The tatter had sold 
his interest to William Pigotl in i86a. The paper was sold to 



the founders of Republican m 1865, and a new Post started Sep- 
tember 4, 1865, which after a (ew months became the Evening 
Post (which see). NAH 

N08THWEBTKKN Money Rkpokter, iSeoCf*): Listed in the city 
directory of i860 as weekly, semi-monthly, and monthly. 

Northwestern Pulpit, February, i860 (?): A monthly re- 
pository of original sermons, reviews, and articles literary and 
religious. Puhlwhed by W. Sluart Goodno at Jacksonville in 
accord with action taken by the IUinoi.s Baptist General /\sso- 
dation. Dated at Chicago and Jacksonville. H 

Rah. SpuTTEk, June 23 till fall, i860: A Lincoln campaign paper 
edited by Charles Leib. Each issue contained at least one per- 
tinent and forcible cartoon. H 

Saturday Evening Review, i86o(?): Published by William 

Stimue DES VoLKS, ]86o(?): Weekly. 

Wells' Marine Recisteb, i86o(?) to date (1864): Published 

daily during navigation. 

Western CnuRcmcAN, i86o(?) : Monthly. Listed in the directory 

for i860. 

American Bee Jodbnal, iS6: to date: Monthly. Devoted to the 
interests of bee-keepers. In 1873 and 1874 W. F. Clarke was 
editor; Thomas G. Newman, business manager; and the .Amer- 
ican Publishing Company were publishers. In 1875 Mr. Clarke 
and Mrs. E. S. Tupper were ediCors, with the same manager and 
publisht-rs. Thomas G. Newman was editor and publisher in 
1876. For the four years following Thomas G. Newman was 
editor; Newman and Sons were pubUshers. In igo? George W. 
York was editor, the publishers were George W. York and 
Company. J 

American Journal of Materia Medica, i86iCiO to date (1862); 
A monthly medical journal, edited by George E. Shipman. 
M.D.; published b> Ilabey and King. 

Insurance anii Raiiwav Recister, i86i(?) In date (i86j): 
Monthly. J. A. Nichols was editor and proprietor. 

Legal Adviser, 1861 to date: A monthly advertising sheet devoted 
to legal interests. Its aim "is to be a medium of information on 
questions of law, adnunistradon, and public policy, colonial 
and foreign affairs, industrial arts and sciences, popular Jiteraiure, 
etc." E. M. Haines, who established the paper, was still editor 
and publisher in 1880. The Legal Adviser Publishing Com- 
pany were editors and publishers in 1907. NHU 




to date (1863) : Nat. A. Haven was publisher. 

Merchants' Monthly Ciscular and Illustrated News, i86t 
(^ + : J. C. W. Bailey was editor and proprietor. In the first 
year of its existence the paper became tlic Chicago MtrchanU* 
Weekly Circuiar and IlluitraU4 Nrws, listed also as Chicago 
Merchants' Weekly Circuiar. 

Chicago Merchants' Weekly Circular and Illustrated 
News, +i86i-i866-f ; An advertising sheet that carried some 
continued stories and other "light literature." Published by 
John C. W. Bailey. In 1866 the paper became the H 

Western Merchants' Price Current and Manufacturers' 
Record, +1866-1870: A weekly comraerdal paper and adver- 
tising sheet. It was edited and published by John C. W. 
Bailey, except in 1869, when Mr. Bailey and William Holly were 
editors and Mr. Bailey publisher. The paper was listed in the 
various directories as ^vcn above; or as Price Current and 
Manufacturers' Record, Western Merchants* Price CvrraU, or 
Merchants and Manujacturers' Record. 

L'Obsehvatecb de Chicago, 1861C?) (?): A French paper. 

S. E. Pinta was publisher. 
Pkzsbyterun Recorder, January 3, i86i(?) to date (1862): The 

publishers of this paper were V.dkt, Quintan, and Raymond. U 

Procrauhe, 1861- (after 1873): A daily, devoted to theatrical in- 
terests. G. W. Morris was publisher, 1868-1S70. P. H. Massic 
was editor and publisher in 1870 and publisher in 1871. In 1873 
Marsh and Baker were publishers. 

Daily Record and Hdtel Reclstek, i86i(?) to date (1870): 
John J. W. O'Donoghue was editor, proprietor, and publisher, 
1864-1870. It is listed as Daily Record in the city djrectories, 
1867-1870. Rowell mentions it in 1869 as Evening Record^ and 
gives 1861 as dale of establishment. E 

American Chorchman, 1862 to date (1S71): An Episcopal church 
paper edited by Hugh Miller Thompson. In 1869 H. R. Hay- 
den was publisher. The American Churchman Company were 
publishers 1870 and 1871. S 

American Spirit and Wine Trade Review, i86a(?) todate(i88r): 
A commercial semi-monthly publication. J. T. Pratt was 
editor, 1878-1879. The title of the paper is given also as Wine 
and Spirit Review, and Western Spirit and Wine Trade. 

Farmers' Voice and Rural Outlook, 1862 to date: An agricul- 
tural monthly. H. A. Bereman was editor, and the farmers' 
Press Publbhing Company were publishers in 1907-1908. 





Index Univebsitates, March, 1862 {?): A college monthly 

paper "published by ihe classes of the University of Chicago." 
The editors of the 6rst number were John S. Mabie, Thomas W. 
Goodsjieed, P. Albert Cocn, and Hugh M. Howie. H 

McElroy's Bank Note Reporter. i862(i^-i863(?): Issued 
monthly and semi-monthly. This may have been a continu- 
ation of Bank Note ReporUr. 

National Banner, May i-November. iS62-f : A monthly. Es- 
tablished by Miss Dclphinc P. Baker to ca-atc a patrioltc fund 
for the relief of disabled soldiers and their families, to dissemi- 
nate literature 0/ high tone. etc. George D. Prentice. Benjamin 
F. Taylor, James Grant Wilson, Horace Greeley. William H. 
Channing, and Theodore Tilton were contributors. After seven 
numbers the Banner was issued from Washington. H 

Telegraph. i862{?) to date (1864) : Issued daily and weekly. G. 
Fcuchtingerwaspro]>rictortD 1863. In 1863 Dr. Ernest Schmidt 
was editor and pruprietor. C. Knobelsdorf and Binder were 
editors and proprietors i3G4. 

Blatter, i863(?)-- (?): A German paper published by Heiir>' 


Hausfheuni), i863(?)-i87i(?); A weekly religious paper conducted 
in 1863 by an association of evangelist pastors for the United 
Evangelical Church. Joseph Hartman was editor, George E. 
Gross publisher tn 1864; Rev, E. Guntrum was editor in iSyfr- 
1871, and the Northwestern German Company Synod were 
publishers. H 

JouBNALOF Commerce, 1863-1896+ : J. E. C. Heytr was commer- 
cial editor in 1869; X>. Kerr, Jr., was business manager; and 
Tappan, McK-illop, and Company were editors and publishers. 
The same was still true in 1877. The name of William Baker 
appears as proprietor at this date, 
merce Company were publishers. 
was changed to Iron and Steel. 

Daily M[;.<?ErM. 1863-1864+: A daily advertising sheet published 
in the interest of the Chicago Museum by Robert V. Kennedy. 
It was changed to H 

McsEUM AND Hotel Register, +i864(?) to date C1873): Daily 
except Sunday. R. V. Kennedy was editor and publisher in 
1869; S. S. Schoff and Company, 1870. In 1873 the Evening 
Ma^ Company were editors and publishers. 

Nkw World, 1S63 to date (1873) : A weekly publication devoted to 
temperance. It was dated from Chicago and Dclmit. The new 
World Com[>any edited and publisher! the paper in 1S72; J. 

In 1880 the Journal of Corn- 
In 1896 Ihe title of the paper 



and C. P. Russell were editors and F. N. Newman was publisher 
in 1S73. Not the same as the papcrnow issued under same aamc. 

Peoples' Dental Journal, 1863 to date (1865) • Issued quarterly. 
W. W. Allport, D.D.S., and S. P. Creigliton were editor? in 1863 ; 
\V. W. Allport, D.D.S., A. HiU. D.D.S., and J. Richardson. 
D.D.S. . were editors, and L. P. Haskell was publisher in 1864 
and 186s. H 

Song Messenger, 1863 to date (1875) : Monthly. Root and Cady 
were editors and publishers, 1869-1870. J. R. Murray was editor 
in 1871, and Root and Cady were publishers, W. S. B. Mathews 
was editor, and Root and Cady were publishers, 1872-1873. In 
1874 and 1875 F. VV. Root was editor and George F. Root and 
Sons were publishers. A copy for April, 1SA8, owned by the 
American Antiquarian Society, Worcester. Ma.ssachusett8, hears 
the title Sang Messenger 0} the Northwest. EC 

Voice or Masonhy, January, t863-i883(?): Monthly, devoted to 
Masonic science, harmony, and uniformity. It had as subtitles 
and Tidings jrom the Crajt, and and Family Magazine. Robert 
Morris and J. Adams Allen were its first editors. J. C. W. 
Bailey soon became publisher, and in 1S69 editor also, in which 
position he continued until 1873, when John \V. Brown became 
associated with him. In 1875 A. G. Mackcy became asscx;iated 
with Bruwn as editor. This continued until 1871^ or 1880, when 
J. W. Brown became editor and publisher, and continued as far 
as available files go. HC 

Volunteer, October-November, 18631 A daily, edited by "the 
ladies of the Northwestern Fair," andpublishedby W. S. Spencer. 

Western Rural, 1863-1883+: An agricultural paper, listed as a 
weekly in 1879 and bi-weekly in 1881, and dated for Chicago, 
Columbus, and Kansas City. H. N, F. Lewis was editor and 
publisher 1863-1869. In 1870 F. H. Glenn, Chicago, and 
Edward Mason, Detroit, were associate editors. In 1873 it was 
listed as Western Rural and Family Weekly Paper. On Sep- 
tember 22, 1883 it became Western Hural and American Stotk- 
man. WHE 

Workincuan's Advocate, 1864 to date (1879): Messrs. Blake 
and Hayde were publishers in 1864. The name of the paper is 
given in the directory for 1867-1868 as Worklngman's Advocate 
and A nti- monopolist, with the Anti- monopolist Publishing Com- 
pany as publishers. It was the ofttcial organ of the labor union 
in 1869. A. C. Cameron was editor and publisher, 1869-1879. 
Dated from Chicago, Detroit, and Cincinnati in 1S79. U 

Academy of Mrsic Gazette, i864(?) to date (1867): A weekly, 
devoted to musical interests. W. J. Jefferson and Company 



-(?): A fiatavian paper, pub 

were publishers, 1864-1865; G. S. Utter and Company, 1&66- 

Advent CnBiSTiAH Times, 1864 to date (1877): A second-advent 
weekly. In 1873 William L. Hines was editor; in 1874-1875, 
William Sheldon; 1876-1877, Frank Burr. The publishers 
during these periods were the Western Advent Christian Pub- 
lishing Society. U 

AuEBiCAN Law Manuai, i864(?) to date (1867): A quarterly pub- 
lication, devoted to legal interests. E. M. Haines was publisher, 


Batavi£r in America, i864(?)- 
lished by John Vant Woud. 

Brittsh American, October, 1864- (?): ''A weekly journal of 

foreign and domestic news." Its foreign news seems lo have 
been secured entirely from foreign papers. H 

Dedtsch-.\merikanische Monatshefte, 1864 (?): An ex- 
cellent journal of politics, science, and literature, edited by Caspar 
Butz and a number of associated editors, including Carl Schurz, 
Emil Preetorius, and Franz Sigcl. 

Gebuah American, i864(?) to date (1872): Published by Caspar 
Butz, 1864-1866. It is listed as weekly in 1873; published by 
Lieh and Homaday. It had started as a monthly. 

Herald op Truth, i864{^-j867(?): A monthly Mennonite paper 
published in English and in German. John F. Funk was editor 
and proprietor. 

Mystic Star, July, 1H64 to date (1874): A monthly, devoted to 
Masonic interests, bearing the motto, " Let there be light," The 
editors and publishers were as follows: Rev. W. J. Chaplin, Rev. 
James Billings, and Solomon D. Bayless, P.G.M., editors, and 
James Billings, puHlislier, July, 1866-JuIy, 1867; Rev. James 
Billings and Solomon D. Buylesii, editors, and James Billings, 
publisher, July, i867-Jaauary. 1868; James Billings, cditor-in- 
diief, Solomon D. Bayless and S. Asbton, associate editors, and 
Ashton and Company, publishers and proprietors, January, 
1868-January, iS6g; Ashton and Company, editors and pub- 
lishers, 1869; J. Billings, editor and publbher, iSyc^-iS?!; J. 
Billings, editor and F. M. Newman, publisher, 1873-1873; 
Mystic Star Company, editors and publishers, 1S74. H 

Peoples' Journal of Health, i864(?) to date (1865): Issued 
monthly. Dr. Juston Hayes and Dr. C. R. BlackwcU were pub- 



Sandebudet, +Dcccmljtr, 1864 10 date: Removed lo Chicago from 
Rockford, where it was established as a fortnightly Swedish 
Nfclhodist paper hy Victor WJllig on July 18, 1862. After a 
year and .1 half .-Vibert Ericson became editor and remained so 
until November, 1864. when the M. K. Book Concern took over 
the publication and removed it to Chirago, where it wa.s published 
by Poe and Hitchcock beginning December 8. In Augastj 1863, 
it was changed lo a weekly. Victor Wittig became editor 1865; 
and Albert Ericson again 1867-1871. It was suspended for 
about a year after the fire; reappeared October 14, 1873, with 
N. O. Westergrecn as editor; William Henschen, 1875-1882; 
Victor Wittig, 1882-1889; William Henschen. 1889-1898; H. 
K. Elmstrom, 1898-1902; William Henschen, 1902 to date. In 
1889 Sdndrbude! passed into the control of the Swedish M. E. 
Book Concern, which merged VaktCTen (l>cgun r88S) in the 
older paper. Independent in politics. 

Templar's Offering, 1864C?) to date (1867}; Cowdery and Law 
were publishers, 1864-1861;, and Rotia A. Law was publisher, 

Cnion Banner akd Commercial Advkrtiser, i864(?) : Published 
by W. S. Spencer and Company. 

United States Review, 1864 to date (1876) : Issued semi-monthly 
and devoted to insurance. It was dated for Philadelphia and 
Chicago in 1875. R. K. Deardon was publisher in 1875, and 
editor and publisher in 1S76. 

Bee, i865(?) (?): A daily, published by Pigott and Fowler. 

City E\'ening News, i865(?) (?): A daily, published by J. 

M. Climie. 
Commercial Advertiser and Counting Room \L\nual, i86s{?) 

(?): John R. Robinson was publisher in 1S65. 

Evangelist, 1865 to date (i88i): An evangelical weekly. B. W. 
Johnson and B. J. Radford were euitors and publishers in i88c. 

Home Circle and Temperance Oracle, 1865 to date (1871): A 
monthly, devoted to "literature, temperance, morality, and the 
people." S. M. Kennedy was editor and publisher in 1869, 
and in 1871. A paper called Homr Circle is mentioned in the 
directory for 187^1879. 

Literary Messenger, October 14, 1865 (?): "A journal 

(leveled to the interests of the Northwest." "Arts, literature, 
science, news, fashions and amusements" were included in its 
pages. The literary element predominated at first, and was 
trcditaijie. A story by Mrs. M. L. Rayne was begun in the first 
uumber. The editor's name was not given. 



Little Corporal, July, 1865-1875: A monthly, in journal form, 
devoted to secular, juvenile literature. Its motto was: "Fight- 
ing against Wrong, and for the Good and the True and (he Beau- 
tiful." This excellent magazine was originally published for 
the United States Sanitary Commission in connection with a fair. 
Its success and popularitvencourageditscontinuance for a decade. 
It was the first periodical from Chicago to secure wide attention, 
and the first juvenile in the country to be read by children every- 
where. It was the forerunner of St. Nicholas, of New York, 
and influenced for the better the character of the Youth's Com- 
panion of Boston. The names of the editors and publishers are 
as follows: Alfred L. Sewell, editor and publisher, 1865; Sewell 
and Edward Eggleslon, editors. A. L. Sewell, publisher, 1866- 
1868; Sewell and Emily Huntington Miller, editors. Sewell, pub- 
lisher, 1868-1869; Sewell and Emily H. Miller, editors, Sewell 
and Miller, publishers, 1870; Sewell and E. H. Miller, editors. 
Alfred L. Sewell and Company, publishers, 1871 ; Emily Hunt- 
ington Miller, editor, and John E. Miller, publisher, 1872-1875. 
Edward Eggleston and Frances E. Wiilard were frequent con- 
tributors. In April, 1872, Work and Play, of Springfield, Mass., 
was absorbed. The circulation of the Little Corporal was 
remarlcably large in the early years, but the advertising was not 
correspondmgly developed, and after a gradual decline, the pub- 
lication ceased in 1875. Vols. 15 and 16, 1872 and 1873, arc in 
the Evanston Public Library. H 

Monthly, THE, January, 1865 (?): A Catholic paper devoted 

to literature, science, and art. Edited at the University of St. 
Mary's of the Lake; published by J. J. Kearney and James P. 
Byrne. H 

NoRTH^vESTERN SuNDAv ScHooL* Quahterlv. Jan- 
uary, 1865-1866+: Edited b> Rev. J. H. Vincent, Rev. E. A. 
Pierce, Rev. W. W. Evart.*;, forming a publication committee. 
The publication had been begun with the idea of reaching chiefly 
the teachers of the northwest. After one year the name waa 
changed to H 

Sunday School Teacher, -I- January, 1866-1869+: A continu- 
ation of Northwestern Sunday School Teachers' Quarterly, edited 
by Rev. J. H. Vincent, Rev. E. A. Pierce, Rev. W. W. Evarts, 
forming a publication committee. In 1867 the committee was 
composed of Rev. Edward Eggleslon, Rev. Z. M. Humphrey, 
Rev. E. G. Taylor, Rev. Charles Edward Cheney, Rev. H. L. 
Hammond; Prof. H. R. Palmer was art editor. Published by 
Adams, Blackmer, and Lyon under the auspices of the Chicago 
Sunday School Union. In January, 1869, changed to HC 


National Sunday School Teacher, +Jaiiuary, i86g to dale 
(iSJir) : A continuation of Sunday Schooi Teacher, with the same 
board of editon* and the same publishers. Rev. Edward Eggles- 
ton was editor, 1870-1873. The publication was not stopped 
by the lire. M. C. Hazard was editor from 1874 until after 18S0, 
and Adams, Black mcr, and Lyun were publishers. H 

Post. September 4i 1865-1874+ : A Republican paper, daily and 
weekly, which until February 3, 1866, was published as the Post. 
Then it appeared as Eveninf^ Post, and later as the Chicago Post, 
hut the title Evening Post seems to have prevailed after December 
14, 1866. Established by William Pigott, who used the paper 
successfully to effect the election of the "soldiers' ticket." At 
first it was published by Pigott and Stanley G. Fowler, but after 
a few months it was bought by David Blakely, who associated 
Mrith him in the business department his brother, C. H. Blakely. 
For a short time General Haabrouck Davis was editor. In 1867 
the Post Printing Company w^as organized and Charles H. Ray 
was made editor. In the same year William H. Schuyler be- 
came manager. In 1869 Schuyler sold his interest lo Mc Mullen 
Brothers, and J. B. McMuIlen became manager. Ray died in 
1870. Late in 187,^ controlling stock was bought by Woodbury 
M. Taylor and the Post was consolidated with the Xfail to form 
the HE 

Post akd Mail, + January, 1874-1876+; Daily and weekly. In 
1876 the Post and Mail was continued as the HUG 

Chicago Post, + 1876-August, 1878: Woodbury M. Taylor was 
president of the owning company, and was manager until Decem- 
ber, 1877, although McMuUen Brothers were publishers for 
several months in 1877. In 1878, while organizing a new com- 
pany, Oliver A- Willard, a leading stockholder, died. The 
paper was continued for a few months by his sister, Frances E. 
Willard, after which it was sold, August, 1878, to the News. C 

REiJGio-PHnx>soFHicAL JOURNAL, 1S65 to date (1895): A spirit- 
ualist paper issued weekly. Early in 1867 a successor to the 
Religio Philosophuai Joumai was announced to appear under 
the name of .Spiritual Republic. It was not to be "tied to any 
sect or party . , " The editors purposed lo "correct ail 
the evil of the world and set things in general to rights," Except 
for one mention of it in the city directory for 1869, there is no 
evidence that this paper appeared. The old name was being 
used, moreover, in 1869, according to RowelPs newspaper direc- 
t >ry for that year, wliicli gives S. S. Jones as editor and the Religio- 
Philosophical Publiihtng Association as publishers. S. S. Jones 
was editor and publisher, 1870-1877. and pruprietor, [873-1875. 
In 1879 and 1880, John C. Bundy was editor and manager. 




Republican, May 30, 1865-March, 1872: A daily established by 
an imposing list of stockholders, who were dissatisfied with the 
Tribune, including Ira Y. Muxm, John V. Farwell, J, K. C. For- 
rest, and J. Y. Scammon of Chicago ; Jesse K. Dubois and Jacob 
Bunn of Springfield ; John Wood of Quincy; J. Wilson Shaffer 
of Freeport; A. C. Dabcock of Canton; A. W. Mock of Kan- 
kakee; and Henry Childs of Du Page county. The company 
bought the plant — and the Associated Press franchise — of the 
Morning Post. Charles A. Dana was made editor. A. W. Mock, 
publisher. Dana did not assume his duties until well on in July. 
In just one year these gentlemen withdrew. Dana was not 
happy in the position, and not enough money was put into the 
enterprise to put it properly on its feet. A brief suspension fol- 
lowed the change of management. The stock was now con- 
trolled by Bunn and Dubois; a new company was formed; V. 
B. Densiow wa.s made editor, George D. Williston, manager, 
and publication was resumed August 5, 1S65. .'Vfter one year 
Denslow H'ithdrew and James F. Ballantyne became editor. 
He was succeeded by Heniy M. Smith, and he by John G. Nico- 
lay in 1869. In 1870 Bunn, having become sole owner, sold to 
a company consisling of Joseph B. McCullagh, John R. Walsh, 
H. N. Hibbard, and WOliam H. Schuyler. Burned out in the 
fire, the Ref>ubikan was bought by John Y. Scammon ; it reap- 
peared on October 12, and continued until March, 1873, when 
it was succeeded by the Inter Ocean. Complete file in the library 
of the Boston Atbenceum. SDHAWB 

United States Medical and Surgical Journal, October, 1865- 
September, 1874-I- : A homeopathic journal, published hy C. S. 
Hahsey, under the editorial super\ision of Dr. George E. Ship- 
man. Its pages record a great advance in the development of 
the new system of medical practice. In 1871, on behalf of the 
Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital, Drs. W. Danfortb, 
A. £. Small, and R. Ludlam bought the interest of Mr. H.dscy, 
the publisher. From that time the journal was largely filled 
with reports of lectures iu that school, and with the transactions 
of the Chicago Academy of Medicine. After the completion of 
nine volumes it was merged with the Medtcai Imvstigator. and 
became the UntUd Staks Medical Investigator. HJ 

Voice of the Faik, April 37 or 28-June 24, 1865: A paper issued 
in the interest of the Northwestern Sanitary Fair. Weekly until 
May 30, then daily. Edited by Andrew Shuman. File in the 
library of Boston Athensum. HC 

Western Temperance Advocate, August 4, 1865 to date (1868): 
Established as the oflEicial organ of the Sons of Temperance, it 



was larffer in its ambition and scope than that fact indicates. 

Rev. J. C. Stoughton was editor until January 3,0. 1868, when 

the usual lack of funds caused a new arrangement, whereby T. 

M. Van Court became publisher; the period of issue was changed 

from a week to a fortnight, and the publication was "'edited 

'round " by volunteers. It was apparently .soon discontinued. H 
Young Catholic's Friknd, i865(?) (?): A monthly juvenile 

paper, published by J. J. Kearney. 
Banking and Insurance Chrhnicle. t866 (?): Weeldv; 

continued until some time after November, 1867. EH J 

Belletristiscue Zeitunc, 1866 to date (1876): The Sunday 

edition of the Chicago Onion edited and published in 1876 by 

Hermann Lieb. 

Brown School Houdav Budget, Christmas. 1866 (?): An 

amateur papiir edited "by S. P. and Tad," S. P. Round.s, Jr., 
and Thomas Lincoln (son of Abraham Lincoln), and announced 
to be published occasionally. H 

Chronicle, 1866-Augusl, 1872+; An insurance and real estate 
weekly. In i86g. J. J. W. O'Donaghue was editor and pub- 
lisher. For three years following J. J. W. (3'Don;ishue and 
Edgar A. Hewitt were editors; the Chronicle Publishing Com- 
pany, publishers. In August, 1872, the Chrimicle was moved 
to New York. 


The successive editors and publishers wtre: D. D. Michaels, 
1866-1868; Kennedy and Company, 1868-1870; Daley. Sladc, 
and Cowles, 1870; Daley, Cowles, and Dunkley, 1871; Cowles 
and Dunkley, 1874-1876. C 

Concordia, i866 to date (1869): .A quarterly publication, devoted 
to literature and music. H. R. Palmer and W. S. B. Mathews 
were editors, and H. R. Palmer was publisher in i86g. 

Frank Leslie's Budget of Fun, i866(?) to date (1867): Leslie 
and Company were publishers. 

Frank Leslie's Chimney Corner, i86C(?) to date {1867) : Leslie 

and Company were publishers. 
Jolly Joker, i866(?)-i867(?) : Monthly. A. Leslie was publisher. 

Home Papers, i866(?)-i868(?): Monihly. Published by C. S. 

Ladies' Repository, r866(?)-i87o{?): Monthly. Poe and Hitch- 
cock were publishers 1866-1S68; J. W. Wiley was editor in 1870. 

National Prohibitionlst, 1866 to date (1871) : The Prohibitionist 
Company edited and published this paper, 1870-1871. 



Musical Review, 1866-1867: Edited and published by H. M. 
Higgins; Tbe title was changed, beginning with the third 
number, to Higgins Afusical Review. Monthly. N 

Xorth-Western Farmer, 1866 to date (1869): A monthly agri- 
cultural publication dated from Chicago and Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana. The North -Western Farmer Company were editors and 
publishers in 1869. U 

Price Current and Manufacturers' Record, 1866 to date 
(1870): John r. \V. Bailey and William Holly were editors in 
1866. Bailey published the paper at that time, and durinR 1869 
and 1870 was Iwth editor and publisher. 

Reform, i866(?) todate(i867J: A German daily paper published by 
B. F. Bross. 

Skandivanen, May 6, 1866 to dale: A Norwegian-Danish daily 
and bi-weekly Republican paper, with a Sunday edition. It 
was established by Langetand and Anderson. Shortly after 
it started Knud Langeland became editor and John Anderson 
proprietor. It was weekly and tri-weckly, 1869-1871, with 
(.angeland as editor. In 1873 Victor F. Lawson bought an 
interest. Johnson, Anderson, and Lawson were proprietors 
and publishers, 1874-1875; in 1876 and 1877 Anderson and 
Lan-son were editors and publishers. Mr. Lawson sold his in- 
terest in i8Sp and the John /Vnderson Publishing Company has 
continued as publishers from 18S9 to date. Of this firm Nicolay 
.\. Grevstad was chief editor, assisted by Benson, WesEby, E. 
Andersoni C. Solberiy;, and Stecnsolin. Files of the paper are 
available at the office, 183-187 Peoria street, Chicago. UW 

Seven Sounds, i866(?] (?): A musical magazine "'adapted to 

the youth." H. T. Merrill was editor, Merrill and Brennan 
were publishers in 1866. 

S\'ENSKA Amerikanabkn, .September 8, 1866-18734-: A paper 
organized and published by a .stock company which wished aliberal 
paper without church or other affiliation. Hans Mattson was 
editor until February, 1867, though Herman Roos was virtually 
editor, and was nominally head of the editorial staff from Feb- 
ruary, 1867, to December, 1869; Peter A. Sundctius, 1S6S-1870, 
1871-1873; A. W. Schalin, January to August, 1871. Sold 
to Charles J. Stenquist in April, 1873. He changed the 
name to 

Nya Svenska Amerikanaren, -f-Apri], 1873-1876-I- ; Stenquist 
sold in 1877 to Hans Mattson, who soon transferred the paper to 
the Swedish Publishing Company. The paper was edited by 
Magnus FJmblad, then Gottfried Cronwall, then, 1874, by A. 
L. Gyllenhaal, and later by him and Herman Roos till it was sold 



to Matlson. Under the Swedish Publishing Company this paper, 
Nya Vertden, and Skandia of Molinc, were united to form U 

SvENSKA Tribiwen, +1876-1906+: Frank Anderson, Andrew 
Chaiser, C. F. Peterson, and a little later, Hans Mattson were 
members of the company that owned the paper. In 1880 Malt- 
son sold to Carl Gustaf Linderborg. who made the paper lib- 
eral and Indq>cndcnt, with Republican tendencies. But Peter- 
son was a Greeley man in 1873 and afterward Independent, and 
P. P. Svcnson, one of the editors, was a Democrat; as a con- 
se<^uence the politics was mixed. Among the editors were Carl 
Anton Mellandcr, until i894(?). Anders Leonard Gyllenhaal. 
1894-1899; C. F. Peterson, 1900; Ernst W. Olson, 1900-1901; 
Gyllenhaal, 1901-1905; Anders Tofft, October, i9ot;-spring of 
1906; Carl G. Norman, 1906 to date. The plant was sold in 
1900 to John K. Norling, P. O. Noriing, and Samuel E. Carls- 
son; John F-. Noriing became sole proprietor in 1901 ; he sold 
to C. F. Erikson in 1905. In 1906 it combined with Svtnska 
i^yheler as Svenska Tribunen-N yhelcr, owned by Erikson and 
Gustav C. Broberg. The latter soon sold to Erikson. The paper 
has in the main been Republican. 

Western Pulpit, January 1866 (?): "A monthly theological 

miscellany devoted to the purity and power of the ministry, and 
the spiritual improvement and harmony of all Christian be- 
lievers." The miscellany was heavy, and was edited by a board 
of six ministers of six various denominations. It was published 
by Rev. R. F. Shinn. H 

Westusche Unterhaltuncs Blatter, 1S66 to date (1876): A 
German Democratic paper, published weekly — the Sunday 
edition of the Union. Frederick Becker was publisher in 1869 ; 
Hermann Lieb was editor and publisher, 1873-1876; W. Bel- 
linghaasen and Company are also listed as editors and publishers 
in 1876. 

Advance, September 5, 1867 to dale: A Congregational weekly 
established by an association known as the Advance Company. 
VV. W. Patton, D.D., was editor-in-chief 1867-1873, with J. B. 
T. Marsh, olTice editor and publisher for the .\dvance Company. 
In 1870 A. B. Ncttleton was publisher for the Advance Com- 
pany, but by the year folluwing, J. B. T. Marsh was again filling 
this post. In 1871 Mr. Marsh and H. L. Turner became the 
proprietors. Mr. Marsh soon sold his share to Mr. Turner, but 
continued on the editorial stafi to 1875. In 1873 the paper was 
purrhiLsed by Charles II. Howard and Company. Dr. Patton 
was .succeeded as editor by General Howardv who associated 
with himself Rev. Simeon Gilbert. In 1877 Rev. T. DeWitt 



Talmage and Gen. C. H. Howard were editors. The paper 
was dated from both New York and Chicago, in that year and 
in 1879- General Howard continued to 1882, when he sold to 
Rev. Dr. Robert West, who was editor and manager until 1886. 
Dr. Simeon Gilbert then became editor, with Dr. F. A. Noble as 
nominal editor-in-chief. After two ywire Dr. Noble retired and 
a, Mr. Harrison U:came editor and general manager. In IQ07 
J. A. Adams was editor. The Advance Publisliing Company 
were publishers. EWDHACM 

.\nzeicer, i867(?): German. George F. Gross was publisher. 

.■Vhlinuton Hall Pbogramme. 1867 to dale (1868): Ashley and 
Bassett were publishers in 1867 ; Utter and Company in 1868. 

Art Journal. October, 1867 to date (1871): Monthly. Estab- 
lished by Martin 0*Bricn, with a subtitle An Antfrican Rrview 
0} the Fine Arts. Special attention was given to art matters of 
Chicago, but New York. Boston, and European correspondence 
gave the journal a much wider scope. At the dose of the first 
year J. F. Aitkcn and Company became the publishers, Charles 
A. Evans, the editor. J. Wright became editor in July, 1869. H 

Courier, 1S67 to date (1873): A m^onthty publication, devoted to 
commerce, finance, and education. H.B.Bryant was publisher, 
1869-1870; Br>-anl and Chase were editors and publishers, 
1871-1872. E 

Gem of the West and Soldiers' Friend. 1867 to date (1876): 
A weekly in 1870, later a inonlbly ; edited by C. .Augustus Havi- 
land and wife. The Soldiers' Friend Company, known later as 
the Gem of the West Company, were publishers during the 
period 1872-1876. The paper is given in the newspaper direc- 
tory for 1870 as Western Soldiers' Friend. HC 

Great West, i867(?) to date (1868): Monthly. Gilbert, Norton, 
and Company were publi.'shers. 

Herald ok Peack. 1867 to date (1870): A Friends' paper, pub- 
lished semi-monthly. W. E. Hathaway was editor in 1869; 
Hathaway and Willet Dorland were editors in 1S70. The Her- 
ald Company were publishers, 1869-1870. This was said to be the 
only Friends paper in the west. E 

Herald of the Coming Kingdom and Christian Instructob, 
1867-187 1(?) -I- : A religious semi-monthly publication. In 1&69 
Thomas WUson and George Moyer were editors; WiLson, .St. 
Clair, and Company were publishers. In 1870 Thomas Wilson 
alone was editor; Wilson and St. Clair were publishers. The 
paper advocated "the literal reign of Christ and his saints upon 
earth, the restoration of the twelve tribes of Israel, the complete 


mortality of man, and ihe entire destruction oi the wicked." 
Il was apparentJy succeeded in 1871 by Restitution. 

Inside Track, 1S157 to date (1869) : A monthly, devoted to adver- 
tising interests. A. N. Kellogg was editor and publisher in 1869. 

Irish Republic. 1867c?) ('*)■ '^^^ '"^^ Republic News 

Cotnpany was publisher. 

Journal of the Farm, 1867 to date (1872); A monthly agricul- 
tural pai>er. Baugh and Sons were publishers in 1871 and 1872. 
The paper was dated for Philadelphia and Chicago. 

JuXBRUDKR, 1867 to date (1871): A German comic weekly. Dr. 
A. C. Lebell and H. von Sangen were editors, 1870-1871 ; J. M. 
Geyerstanger was publisher. 

Liberal, 1867 to date (1870) : A weekly, devoted to "free thought." 
James Walker was editor and publisher 1869-1870. E 

Lyceum Banner, 1S67 to dale (1872): Bi-weekly. Mrs. H. K. M. 

Brown was editor, and Mrs. Lou H. Kimball was publisher. 

1870-1871. Fn 1872 Mrs. Lou H. Kimball was editor and 

Mechanic anii Invkntor, 1867 to date ( 1873) : Monthly. Thomas 

A. Sprague was editor; the Mechanic and Inventor Association 

were publishers. In 1S73 the Journal was dated for Chicago 

and Detroit. 

Weekly Merchant, i867(?) (?): A commercial weekly 

paper, published by Truax and Hornish. 

New Repubuc, i867(?), to date (1870): Rev. W. B. Christopher 
was editor, 1867-1868. From 1868 to 1870 Frank Gilbert was 

Northwestern Review, 1867 to date (December, 1874): A weekly 
paper, devoted to insurance. In 1870 and 1871 it was 
published monthly. It became weekly again in 1872. R. R. 
Dearden was editor and publisher, 1870-1874. In 1872 the title 
was given as Northwestern Weekly Rei^icw. JCH 

Olive Wreath, January, 1867-1869+ : An Odd Fellows' monthly 
magazine. W. J. ChapHn was editor and pubEishcr, 1867-1869. 
D. B. Harrington was also a publisher in i86g. This magazine 
was consolidated with Odd Fellows' Wreath, Detroit, and Western 
Odd Fellow, Mason, to form H 

Western Odd Fellow. +i87o(?) to date (1871): A consolidation 
of Olive Wreath, Chicago. Odd- Fellows' Wreath, Detroit, and 
Western Odd FeJIow, M.a.son. A weekly, devoted to Odd Fel- 
lowship. J. B. Wing and W. .S. Woodmere. editors, and D. B. 
and N. W. Harrington, publishers in 1870. J. Ward Ellis, P. 



G. M., was editor, and Ellis and Burroughs were publishers in 
1871. H 

Opera House Programme, 1867C?) to date (1870): A daily. G. 
S. Utter and Company were publishers. 

Specimen, July i, 1867 to date (1881): A typographical paper, 
issued quarterly fur advertising purposes. It was published by 
Marder Luse and Company, type founders. J 

Union, i867(?) to date (1868): Published under the auspices of 

- the Chicago Typographical Union. 

L'Unione Itall\no, August 6. 1867 to date (1869): Published 
weekly by the Italo- American Printing Company. This paper 
was probably succeeded after one year by // Messaggiere Itaiiarw 
dell' Quest. A 

Union Stock Yakds Exchange. i867(?) to date (1870): A daily 
paper, published by H. L. Goodatl. 

American Builder and Journal of Art, October 15, 1868-1873: 
Monthly. Kstablished by Charles D. Lakey, publisher, with 
J. C. Adams as editor. Lakcy soon became editor and Stanley 
Waterloo became his associate. The publication was designed 
especially to interest builders and to help to rcniedy defects 
in American architecture. A considerable amount of space 
was devoted to art and artists, however, and the journal exerted 
a beneficial influence in many directions. EB 

American Journal of Education, 1868 to date {1879) ; A monthly 
educational magazine. Edited and published in 1873 by Rev. 
E. N. Andrews and Grace Hurwood. In 1875 and 1876, J. B. 
Merwin was editor and publisher, fn 1879 J. B. Merwin and 
R. B. Shannon were editors and publishers. The paper wa.s 
published at St. Louis. Dated for that city and Chicago. W 

/Vmerican Messenger, i868(?) to date (1871): Monthly. Pub- 
lished in English as the American Messenger, and also in Ger- 
man as the Amerkanischer Botschajler. The .-\merican Tract 
Society were the publishers. 

Bonham's Ruhai. Messenger, 1868 to date (187a): An agricul- 
tural monthly, edited and published in 1871 and 1872 by Jeriah 

Chicagoan, April 18, i868-June, 1869+ : A literary weekly of un- 
usually good quality, published by H. N. F. Lewis. The first 
numt>er began a stoiy by George S. Phillips. Robert Collyer 
conducted a column; Robert Dale Owen was a contributor. 
The paper contained good book reviews, and attracted attention 
for its bold and extreme views on social questions. After about 
one year the ChUagoan absorbed Sorosis and Advance Guard, 
and became the H 



Univebse, +Junc, 1S69- ——(?); Edited and published by 
H. N. F. Lewis. Robert Dale Owen was a contributor. • 

Christian Cynosure, 1868 to date: An opponent of secret 
societies. Tbe newspaper directories from 1871 to 1880 give 
Rev. J. Blanchard as editor, Erra Cook and Company as pub- 
lishers, la 1907, William I. Phillips was editor; tbe National 
Christian Association were publishers. The Christian Cynosure 
is given as weekly and bi-weekly in 1872, a.s weekly in 1879. and 
as monthly in 1907. E 

Frf.mad, 1868 to date (1871): A Scandinavian weekly, Republiran 
in poliiifs. In 1870 and 1871 S. Beder was editor and publisher. 

Gospel Pitlpit, 1868 to dale (1869): A Universalist quarterly. 
Edited and published by Rev. W. J. Chaplin. 

HouE Eclectic, 1868 to date (1870) : A monthly, devoted to family 
interests. Sumner Ellis was editor and publisher. 

Illitstrated Chicago News, .^pril 24. 1868 (?): A very 

creditable weekly, with illustrations by Thoma.s Nast and other 
well known artists. An editorial in the first number announces 
that "we shall make the Illustrated Chicago News, as far as we 
are able, a truly Western paper, but at the same time one that 
will make itself interesting to the East as well as the West." 
Famum and Church were tbe publishers. H 

Daily Law Kecord, i868(?)-i87i(?): R. R. Stevens was pub- 

iLiRKET Reporter, 1868 to dale (1869): A commercial paper. 
Howard, White, and Crowell were editors and publishers. 

Chicago Merchants' and Manufacturers' Record, i868(?)- 
(?): A commercial paper, published by J. C. W. Bailey. 

Il Messaggikkg Itauano dell' Guest, November 21, 1868- 

(?): Published by the Italo-American Printing Company; 

Paolo Cella, secretary. A 

Musical Independent, 1868 to date (1873): A monthly devoted 
to musical interests. W. S. B. Mathews was editor and Lyon 
and Healy were publishers m 1869 and 1871. Robert Goldbcck 
was editor and publisher in 1873. 

Narodni NoviNG, 186S to date (1870): A Bohemian weekly publi- 
cation. Joseph Sladek was editor in 1870; T. B. Beluhradsky 
was publisher. 

News irou the Spirtt World, i868(?) to date (1870): Mrs. A. 
Buflum edited this publication. 

Nova Doba, i8<58 to date (1871) : A weekly Bohemian publication. 
Joseph Pastor was editor and the Bohemian Printing and Pub- 
lishing Company were publishers in 1871. 



Phahuacist, September, 1868-1885+ : Quartcriy for one year, 
then monthly. Published by ihe Chicago College of Pharmacy. 
E. H. Sargent was editor for the first year. Then its title i^-as 
changed by the addition of and Chrmical Record (dropped in 
1874). The period of publication became monthly and Albert £. 
Ebert became co-editor with E. H. Sargent. Succeeding editors 
were; N. Gray Bartlett, editor, Albert E. Ebert. associate editor, 
1870-1S72; Albert E. Ebert, 1873-1875; J. J. Siddall, business 
editor, 1874; no editor named, but publication committee of £. 
H. Sargent, \V. F. Blocki, and Albert E. Ebert, 1876; E. H. 
Sargent and M. W. Borland. 1877 ; same, plus F. M. Goodman, 
1878; H. D. Garrison, editor. 1879-1880; Robert H. Cowdney 
managing editor, 1881, editor 1882-1884. The title of Phar- 
macist and Chemist was assumed before i88o(?), and later "a 
journal of phannacy, chemistry, materia medica, toxicology 
and allied sciences'* also appeared on the volume title pages. 
Succeeded by Western Druggist in 1885, H 

Postal Rkioki), 1868 to date (1872): A monthly. David Green 
was publi-shcr in 1871 ; Joseph N. Green in 1879. 

Pkesent A«e, 1868 to date (1872) : A weekly spiritualist paper. It 
was dated from New York and Chicago m 1873. Dorus M. 
Fox was editor and publisher, 1871-1872. 

Chicago Railway Review, June, 1868-1897+ : Established as a 
weekly by Stanley G. Fowler and D. C. Brooks. Brooks be- 
came sole owner after about one year, and In 1873 sold to Wil- 
lard A. Smith, who was at that time publisher of the St. Louis 
Railway Register. That paper was subsequently incorporated 
with the Chicago Kailway Kevievj as RaMway Revie^v. Mr. 
Smith continued as sole owner and editor until 1883, when \V. D. 
Crosman became associate editor. He was editor, 1885-1890; 
Willard A. Smith, editor, James Peabody, Waldo H. Marshall, 
associates, 1891 ; James Peabody and Clement F. Street, 
editors, 1892-1894. Names of editors not given thereafter, 
until 1902, when W. M. Camp was editor. He has continued 
to occupy that position, and Willard A. Smith has remained 
president and general manager to dale. The Railway Review, 
Incorporate<1, is pu!;lishLT. Title changed to RaUuay and 
Engineering Review, April 3, 1897. CHJTJW 

Real Estate and Butldinci Journal, 1868 to date: Issued 
weekly and devoted to real estate and building. Charles A. 
Smith was editor and T. A. Hungerford and Company were 
publishers in 1873-1874. S. A. Cliappell was editor and T. A. 
Hungerford and Company were publishers in 1875. In 1876 
S. A. Chappell was editor, and S. A. ChappeU and Company 


were puhluhers. S. A. Chappell was editor in 1877. and John 
C. Pany was publisher. B. E. Smyers was editor and publisher 
in 1907, RcaJ Estate and Building Journal Company, 1908. H 
Reporter, 1868 to date; Monthly. Established by Francis N. 
Nichols under t!ic firm n;inic of Nichols and Company. Mr. 
Nichols was editor and puliUshcr until 1878, and was thereafter 
editor until 1904. Nichols and Company have bicen publishers 
from 1872 to date. The Reporter was the pioneer and for many 
years the only trade magazine published in the interest of the 
granite and marble monumental trade. It was first located in 
a small ufTice at Clark and Kinzic streets, where it was burned 
out ill the fire of 1871. It later moved to the West Side, claiming 
to have operated ihc first power press on the west side of Chicago. 

SuBOsis, 1868-1S694- : A weekly, devoted to woman's rights. Mrs. 
M. L. Walker and Company were editors and publishers in 1S69. 
This paper was absorbed by the Chicagoan, which continued as 
the Universe, June, i86g. 

StJNDAY School Messenger, January, r 868 to date: A weekly 
paper edited and published by Rev. Andrew L. O'Neill, January, 
1868-August, 1901; Rev. James J. Curran, September 1901- 
Augusl, 1904; Rev. John J. Mastcrson, -August, 1904 to date. 

Sunday School Scholar, 1868-1873+ • -^ young people's educa- 
tional monthly. Selim H. Peabody was editor; Adam:>, Black- 
mer, and Lyon were publishers. The name became 

Scholar, +1S73-1876: Publication was continued until 1876 when, 
upon the establishment of 5/. Nicholas in New York, the Scholar 
was bought by the St. Nicholas Company. H 

Western Agriculturist and Live Stock Journal, 1868 to 
date. (See Quincy.) H 

Western Book Seller, j868 to date (1870) : A monthly devoted to 
the interests of booksellers and publishers. The Western News 
Company were editors and publishers, 1868-1870. H 

Western Catholic, 1S68 to date (1881): Issued weekly and de- 
voted to Catholic interests. David Barry and Company were 
editors and publishers in 1870. Dec and Company were editors 
and publishers, 1871-1873. The name of William Mackay 
Lomasney also appears as editor in 1S73. The Western Catholic 
Publishing and Printing Company were proprietors in 1874- 
1875. Cornelius J. Coffey and Company were publishers and 
proprietors, and J- R. Coffey was manager, 1876-1880. In 1872 
the paper was dated for Detroit and Chicago. It was Demo- 
cratic in politics. 



Chicago Western Home, 1868-1871 + : Issued monthly ; a maga- 
zine of the "family story*' type. The editors and publishers 
were: A, Parkhurst and Company, publishers, 1869; Stoddard 
and Parkhurst, 1870; Edward P. Tcnn, editor, Western Home 
Company, publishers, 1871; Western Home Company, editors 
and publishers, 1875. The Chicago Western Home was de- 
stroyed in the great fire, but was apparently revived in 1874 as 

Wfstkrn Home, + 1874-1875: PuliUcation was continued to 1875. 
A. Chisholm was publisher in that year. No. i of vol. 2, July, 
1869, contains a contribution from Harriet Beecher Stowe, and 
anjQOuncei Mrs. Stowe and Robert CoUyer as regular contribu- 
tors. ' H 

Western Post.\l Record, 1868 to date C1881) : A monthly devoted 
to poblal interests. J. S. El well was editor, and the Western 
Record Printing Company were publishers, i87J-i874. P. C. 
Russell was editor and publisher. 1875-1881. C 

.\DVANCK Guard. (iO-i869-(-: This weekly paper was 

mentioned in the directory for 1869. It was al^orbed by the 
Chicagoan, which continued as the Univerxe, June, 1869. 

Advocate of Peace, 1869 to date (1874} : Monthly. The Ameri- 
can Peace Society, editors and publishers. Dated at Boston 
and Chicago. 

Agitator, i869(?) (?): Mentioned in the directory of 1869 as 

a woman's periodical. 

.Art Journal and Agitator, i86g-i&jo{Y)'. Mentioned in the 
directory for 1869-1870. May have been the successor of 
AgUalor mentioned in the directory nest pFeccdiog. 

Banner, 1869 to date (1885): A weekly paper, published in 1885 
by Frank E. Stanley. Found in Rowdl fur 18S4 with i860 
given as date of establishment. H 

Baptist Quarterly, i869{?) to date (1870): Published by the 
American Baptist Publishing Society. 

Bright Side, 1869-1872-I- : John B. Alden was editor; Alden 
and True, publishers. In 1871 it was publbhed by the Bright 
Side Company in weekly, semi-monthly, and monthly edi- 
tions. The following year, with a change of editor, the name 
was changed to 

Bright Side and Family Circle. -1-1872 todate(i87.-^): C. G. G. 
Paine was editor in 1S72 and 1873. The Bright Side Company 
continued as publishers. Only a monthly edition is listed for 
these years. 

British Mail, i869(?) <?): Monthly. In the directory for 




BiTBCAD, 1869 10 dale(ift73): A oommefdil moatbUj. A. Aim- 
tdvog wu editor uid publtsber in 1870. In 1S71 and 1871 Mr. 
Ann^oDC wu twirinrti maaafn-, C. W. Jenks w&$ editor, mnd 
die Burtau PoUlihinf Coaapioy were pubUsbers. H JW 

Co&UOC Tnos. 1869 to date (1871) : A coOege monthlv. Edited 
sad puhUdwd by the sttidetus of the Uoiversi^ of Chicago. 

XiAiLit CoMHEtcuL BatLETiM, 1869-18864- : A commcTcial dailj 
paper whidi,io i88t, was also listed as a weeklj. J. W. SkkeU 
waseditor, and B. D. M. Raton was publisher, in 1870. The next 
year B. Frank Howard was editor; Howard. Wliitir, and Crowcll 
wtre put/li*hera. James A. Doane was editor and puUisher in 
i8£o. In t886 the Daily Commercial BulUtin. published b> 
Howard Bartels and Company, bcc&me the Daily Trad< BuUctin. 

Drvoguts' Pksce CuRjiEKT, 1869 to date (1872): A medical and 
chemical moothlj. H. D. Ganison, M.D., and A. F. Murray 
were cditon, and Baract and Son pufjlishers in 1871. The fol- 
[owinK y^f ^f- Oarrison was editor; James and Bamet were 

F.VKNiNc I.AUP, 1669 to date (1905) : EsUblished by A. N. Kellogg. 
Jt is a weekly sheet, devoted to literary miscellaoy and to adver- 
tising, printed from the best plate matter of the A. N. Kellogg 
Kewspaf»cr Company. In 1R70 and 1871 A. N. Kellogg was 
editor and publisher. From 1873 to 1879 J. M. Edson waseditor. 
With various editors A, N. Kellogg or the A. N, Kellogg Company 
has continued the publication. U 

Evkrydody'b Paper, 1869 to date (1879); A manthly evangelical 
Sunday-school paper. The Chicago Y. M. C. A. were editors 
in 1873, and F. H. Rcvell was publisher. For the four years 
following the Chicago Y. M. C. A. were publishers, and J. M. 
Chapman was business manager. In 1879 the Kvangdical Pub- 
lishing Company were publishers and F. E. Post was manager. 
The paper was listed as semi-moiithI> in thai year. 

FoHTScaRiTTS Freunu, i869( ?) ( ?) ; In the directory for 1 869. 

HoMKOPATU JouRNAt, i86g(?) (?): Listed in Rowell for 1869, 

with no report. 

iNDKfK.NDENT, 1869 to date (1870) : John E. Tansey was manager; 
the Independent Company were publishers in 1870. 

Irish Sentimei., i869(?): James C. Flynn and Company were 
editors and publishers. 

Ladies' Owtc Magazine, 1869 to date (1874) : A monthly, devoted 
to women's interests. Mrs. M. Cora Bland was editor and pub- 
lisher in 187.^ In 1874 Mrs. Bland was editor; M. C Bland 
and Company were publishers. 



Land Owner, 1869 lo date (1880) : A monthly publication," devoted 
exclusively to the landed interests of the country." It was a 
weekly in 1875 but became a monthly again in 1876 and con- 
tinued so. J. M. Wing and Company were publishers through- 
out its existence. HC 

Laterne, ia69(?) ^(?); A German paper, listed in Rowell for 

1S69. Von HoUcn was editor and publisher. 

Law Manual, i869(?) (?): Listed in Rowell for 1869, with 

no report. 

Legal News, October 3, 1869 to dale; A weekly paper devoted lo 
legal inlcrcsti^. Myra Bradwell was the founder and was editor 
at the beginninj(, and far twenty-five years. She was succeeded 
by J. B. Bradwell in 1894, and the Chicago Legal News Com- 
pany were publishers. For several years J. B. Bradwell and 
B. B. Helmer were editors. Since the death of J. B. Bradwell 
in November, 1907, B. Bradwell Helmer has been the editor. 
The Chicago Legal News Company are still publishers. HCSUN 

I.iFE Boat, 1869 to date (1871): Edited and published in 1871 by 
K. C. Egglcston and John W. Dean. 

Little Folks. 1869-1877: This was advertised as a monthly of 
"illustrated juvenile literature," and was one of several that 
sprang up in imitation of the IMUe Corporal. The Adams, 
Blackmer, and Lyon Publishing Company were publishers. 

LuTHEBiscHE KiRCHENPREUNn, i86g to date (1881): A German 
Lutheran publication. It changed from a semi-monthly to a 
monthly between 1879 and i88r. Rev. J. D. Severinghaus was 
editor and publisher in 1876. In 1877 and 1S80 Rev. J. D. 
Sfvcringhaus was editor; Severinghaus and Company were 

Macedonian and Record, i869(?) to date (1871): A monthly, 
published by the American Bapdst Missionary Union and Home 
Mission Society. 

Matrimonial Bazar, 1869 to date (1876); Monthly. B. H. Bur- 
tin and Company were editors and publishers, 1875-1876. 

Matrimonial News and Special Advertiser, i869(?) to date 
(1879): This paper is listed in the directory for 1875 as Matri- 
fiionial News, a bi-weekly publication, with the Matrimonial 
News Company as editors and publishers. It is mentioned in 
1877 as "the only paper of its kind in .America. " It was a 
monthly advertising sheet in 1879. C. (». liorton was then 
editor and C. G. Horton and Company were publishers. D 

Medical Times, January, 1869 to date (1907) : " A monthly journal 
devoted to the interests of eclectic medidne and surgery." 



The editors and publishers are as follows : John Forman, M.D., 
and R. A. Gunn, M.D., editors, and John Gunn, pubHsher, 1870; 
R. A. Gunn, M.D., and John K. Hurlbut, M.D., editors and, 
publisbcrs, 1871 ; H. D. Garrison, M.D., editor and publisher, 
1872; Anson L. Clark, M.D., and H. D. Garrison, M.D., 
editors, and H. D. Garrison, M.D., publisher, 1874-1875; 
Anson L. Clark and H. D. Garrison, editors and publishers, 1875- 
1877; W. H. DavLs, M.D., editor and publisher. 1879; W. H. 
Davis and Anson L. Clark, editors, and W. H. Davis, publisher, 
1880; Wilson H. Davis, editor and publisher, 1881-1884; An- 
son L. Clark and Henry S. Tucker, editors, Henry S. Tucker 
publisher, 1885; Finley Ellingwood, M.D., was editor and 
publisher in 1907. J 

Missionary Advocate. i869(?) to date (1870): Semi-monthly in 

Monitor, 1869 to date (1870] : Monthly. Louis, Lloyd, and Com- 
pany were editors and publishers in 1870. Not the paper now 
issued weekly under the same name. 

National BAPXisr, i869(?) to dale (1S71) : The American Baptist 
Publishing Society were publishers, 1869-1871. 

PoKKOK, iS69(?)-^ -(?): A Bohemian monthly paper. 

RAasoAD AND MERCHANTS' JOURNAL, (?) to date [1869) : 

Monthly. Listed in 1869. with no report. 

Spectator, i869(?) to date (1880): "An American review of in- 
surance," owned and published by J. H. and C, M, Goodrell, 
1870-1873. Samuel Llliott was manager in 1874; Charles N. 
Bishop, 1878-1879; and William F. Fox, i88o. 

Spibituai, Rostrum, ( ?) to date (1869) : Listed with no report. 

Sun, 1869 to date: Under this general name H. L. Guodall, and 
later the Drovers' Journal Pul>lisliing Company issued a 
group and a series of daily papers for the South Side and the 
.Stock Yards. The same paper, or contemporaneous issues, was 
variously uttered as: Hyde Park Daily ,Sun. Lakr Sun, Lake 
Daily Sun, Lake View Sun, Union Stock Yards Daily Sun. Dol' 
lar Weekly Sun, 1875, Dollar Sun, 1876-1877, Cicero Sun, 1876- 
1877, XfaineSun, 1877, Thornton Sun, iS-;t, Calumet Sun, :876- 
1877, Cook County Sun, 1869-1877, Jefferson Sun. 1876-1877, 
and fmally South Side Daily Sun. H. L. Goodall was editor 
and publisher until 1872, when H. P. Goodall became associated 
with H. L. Goodall in the editorial work. In 1874 j. Mahoney 
was named as publisher. In 1878 H. L. Goodall and Company 
were publishing Drovers* JtturniU, Lake Daily Sun, and Hyde 
Park Daily Sun. The present successor to them all, except 



Drovers* Journal, is Soutk Side Daily Sun, which was edited by 
H. L. Goodall until his death in March, 1900. after which time 
it was edited by E. F. Goodall, and published by Drovers' 
Journal Publishing Company until about May, 1909, when the 
Sun was sold to F. D. Hanna. Kepubttcan. H 

Teachers* Golden Hodr, i86g to date C1871): Issued monthly. 
Tomlinson Brothers were editors and publishers, 1870-1871. 

-(?) to date (1869); Listed in 1869, 

Temperance Standahd, 
with no report. 

West Chicago Banner, 1869 to date (r88i) : A paper devoted to 
local interests. Probably the same paper as Bantrer,\bXed above. 

Western Montblv, January, 1 869-December, 1870+: Estab- 
lished by H. V. Reed. It was "intended to be purely an insti- 
tution of the West : . . " and was expected to "explore the 
fields of literature and gather the ripe fruits of . . . pioneer 
talent." After a few months Francis Fisher Browne purchased 
an interest and joined Mr. Reed in conducting the magazine. 
Upon Mr. Reed's withdrawal after a time, Mr. Browne became 
sole director. Under his direction the tone of the magazine be- 
came more purely literary than it had been, and the narrow, 
provincial tide, "Western Monthly," was exchanged for one 
which, without losing the flavor of locality, would "connote a 
wide interest in the esthetic," — the Lakeside Monthly, HS 

Lakesidf Monthly, -h January, 1871-Fehruary, 1874: With in- 
creased influence and reputation under its new name, which 
replaced that of Western Monthly, and under the skilful editorial 
direction of Francis Fisher Browne, the mapazine became the 
nucleus of a large printing and publishing house. This was 
the Lakeside Publishing and Printing Company, successor to 
the magazine company that had issued the Western Monthly, 
and of the printing firm of Church, Goodman, and Donnelley. 
The success of the Lakeside, which retained a decidedly western 
character, did much to destroy the indifference that eastern pub- 
lishers had shown toward western subjects and western literary 
activity, an indifference that nettled Illinois and western literary 
editors from James Hall down. "With the advent of the Lake- 
side," says Mr. Fleming, "Scribncr's Monthly, the forerunner 
of the present Century, begun to give attention to western subjects, 
and to seek the work of western writers. During the years of 
the Lakeside's growth other eastern publishers began to glean 
in Mid-West fields, and the competition among them for the 
virile western productions, which has since Ijecome so keen, was 
fairiy on by the time the magazine had reached the zenith of its 



career." Mr. Browne, sole pruprictor and editor, broke down 
in the spring of 1874, and the magazine suspended piibllcalioQ 
with the February number. SCH 

Westkrn Sunday Review, 1869 10 date (1870): A Iherary paper. 
George R. Norton was editor and publisher in 1870. 

Young Reaper, i86p(?) to date (1870): Published semi-monthly 
by the American Baptist Publishing Society. 

Zeichen der Zeit, 1869 (?) C 

Agebdyrkninc and Oeconomie, i87o(?) to dale (1871): Scandi- 
navian. Barthene and Rene are given as publishers in the 

Chicago city directories for 1870 and 1871. 

.American CABiKEr Maker, Upholsterer ank Carpet Reporter, 
1870 to date [1881): A trade paper, published in Boston, with 
branch offices in Chicago, Cincinnati, Philadelphia, and New 
York. J. Henry Symonds was editor and publisher in 1876, 
and in 1880. 

L'.AMfiRiQUE, i87o(?) (?): A French semi-weekly publication. 

In 1870, Gucroult and Pinta were publishers. 

.^RT Review, .\pril, 1870 to date (187?): Monthly. Devoted to 
art, music, and literature. F. H. Traffun was editor and pub- 
lisher until May, 1871, when J. J. Ormand bought the publi- 
cation and became publisher. Traftun continued as editor. 

Arts. 1870 to dale (1874): Mootlily. Published and edited by 
Joseph M. Hirsh and Company. 

Bench and Bah, i87o-i874(?): A monthly legal publication, 
edited by James A. L. Whittier; published by Callaghan and 
Company. Hie in library of Chicago Law Institute. 

Board of Trade Report, t&jo(,f) (?): Published hy Joel 

Henry Wella. 

Christian Freeman, 1867 to date (1871): A Free-will Baptist 
paper. F. \V. Dunn was editor and .A.. H. Chase publisher in 
1869. The Christian Freeman Association were editors and 
publishers in 1871. 

Collector, i87o(?) (?): Morse, Hannu, and Company were 

publishers in 1870. 

CoMMERCWL Reporter, 1870 to date (187 i): A commercial weekly. 
The editors and publishers in 1871 were T. G. Wilcox and Com- 

Dacslvset, i87o(?) to date (1874): Organ of the Scandinavian 
Freethinkers* Society. Marc Thranc was editor and proprietor. 



Sunday Deuocrat, June s-July 3, 1870: A short-lived publication 
edited and published by Creorge W. Rust. It was eslablished 
witb the idea of beginning a daily as soon as its peculiar ideas 
had made a place for themselves. The paper was a reactionary 
against all of the ideals and results for which the North fought, 
and which it accomplished in the Civil War. H 

Detector, iS7o(?) to date (1871): Burrows and Lunt were pro- 
prictorain 1870; Lunt.Tisher, and Company, publishers in 1871. 

Deutsche .\bijkiter, 1870: A short-lived German Union paper 
published by the German Central Union of the Workingmen. 

Dispatch, 1870(1'): Mentioned only In the directory for T870-1871. 
Culver, Harris, and Wilson were publishers. 

Dry Goods Price List, i87o-i88o(?): A comraercial paper estab- 
lished by August C. Schooley and edited and published by him 
until 1879, after which date he was succeeded by J. C. W. 

IvxAMTNER, 1870 lo dale (1871): An evangelical monthly. It was 
edited in 1871 by Rev. Edward C. Towne; published by the 
Western News Company. 

Taiuly Circle, 1870-1871+ : A semi-monthly magazine of family 
life. C. H. Cushing was editor and publisher in 1870. In 187 1 
C. G. G. Paine, A.M., was editop» C. H. Gushing, publisher. 
The paper was merged, 1871, with Bright Side. 

Golden Hours, i87o(?) to date (1S73): Monthly. J. W. Wiley 
was editor in 1870. Hitchcock and Walden were publishers, 

Herald, 1870-May i, i877-f: An insurance monthly. Powell 
and Steele were editors and publishers in 1871 ; George I. Yea- 
ger, 1872-1873; Ycager and S. H. Davis, 1874; George L 
Yeager, 1875; Yeager and Ormsbee, 1876; Charles E. Rollins, 
1877. In 1872 the /iffd/i was both weekly and monthly Name 
was changed to W 

Argds, -(-May i, 1877 to date: An insurance monthly, formerly the 
Herald. Charles E. Rollins was editor and publisher until 
December, 1877, then editor and manager to 1886, and man- 
ager to October, 1908. Since December, 1877. the Rollins Pub- 
li.<^ing Comjiany have been publishers. Since 1886 the editors 
have been: J. H. Kellogg, 1887 ; Charles A. Hewitt, i888-i8gi ; 
F. C. Oviati, 1892-1895; A. H. Huling, 1896-1899; C. F. How- 
ell, 1900; P. J. V. McKian, 1901-1904; T. W. Dealy, 1905- 
1908; P. J. V. McKJan, the present editor, 1909. HC 

HouE Journal, 1870 to date (1871): A monthly, devoted to liter- 
ature. J. H. BajKom was editor and publisher. 



Illinois Volks-Zeitcnc, iSjo{7) to date {liji): A German 
paper, published daily and weekly by the German Printing 
Company. This company were editors and publishers, 1870- 

Interior, 1870 to date: A Presbyterian weekly. Established by 
Hon. R. B. Mason, with Rev. .\rthur Swazc)*, D.D., and 
Rev. C. Van Stantvoord. D.D., as editors. W. S. Mills was 
publisher. In 1871 William C. Gray became publisher, with- 
out a change of editors, and the paper was published for one year 
at Cincinnati. In 1872 Rev. Arthur Swazey and W. C. Gra) 
were editors and publishers. The next year, Dwight and Trow- 
ling were editors and publishers. They sold to Cyrus H. Mc- 
Cormick, who began publishing the paper in 1873, and continued 
it until 1883, when he sold a half interest to Mr. Gray. 
The editors were: W. C. Gray and Francis L. Patton, 1874; 
Francis L. Patton and Charles L. Thompson, 1875; \V. C. Gray 
and Charles L. Thompson, 1876; W. C. Gray, i877-i886(?). 
In 1907 McCormick and Company were publishers. HA£ 

Landwuctb vmj Hauspreond, 1870 to date (1871) > A German 
paper, devoted to agriculture. Carl Kron was editor; J. A. 
Jensch, publi-Kher. 

Leedle Vandeber, 187c to dale (1876?): A comic monthly, edited 
and published by C. F. Harris "Cari Pretzel." "No. i Book" 
for the year i876(?) is in the library of the Chicago Historical 
Society. H 

Little Corporal's School Festival, January, 1870 to date 
(1873): A quarterly magazine devoted to furnishing material 
for school festivals, entertainments, dialogues, recitations, etc. 
Listed also as School Festival. Edited and published by Alfred 
L. Sewell in 1870; Sewell and Miller, 1871; Alfred L. Sewcll 
and Company, 1872-1873. H 

Little Watchman, 1870 to date (1872) ; L. H. Dowling was editor; 
W. W. Dowling, publisher, 1871-1872. The paper was semi- 
moDtbly in 1871, weekly and monthly in 1S73. 

Chicago Magazine of Fashion, Music, and Houe Reajmno, 
1870 to date {1876) : Monthly. It was the first of several Chicago 
periodicals designed to couple an interest in esthetic writing with 
the esthetic interest in dress. The magazine was created by 
tt group of fashionable women. Mrs. M. L. Rayne was editor 
and proprietor for the Srst four years. After that the editors, 
publishers and proprietors to 1876 are given as Mrs. M. L. Rayne 
and Company. The name of Mrs. C. H. Church appears as an 
editor in 1875. H 



EvENDfG Mah, August 18, 1870-1873+: Daily except Sundays. 
The Chicago Evening Mail Company were editors and pub- 
lishers. Late in 1873 the Mail was united with the Evening Post 
10 form the Post and Mail. The first appearance of the paper 
under the new name was in January, 1874. (See Post.) 

Methodist Quarterly Review, r87o{?) (?): Edited by 

D. D. Whedon. 

MissioNAREN, 1870 to date (1873); A Swedish monthly, edited by 

E. Norelius in 1871. Rev. J. P. Nyquist was editor, and the 
Swedish Lutheran Publishing Society were publishers in 187a. 
In 1873, Rev. J. P. Nyquist was editor and publisher. 

MissioN'ABF.N, 1870-1877+: Published by the Norwegian and 
Danish Methodists. The editors were: Rev. A. Haagensen, 
Rev. J. H. Johnson, and Rev. K. Schon. In 1877 the name of 
the paper became 

Kbjstelice Talsmand, + 1877 to date: A successor to the Mission- 
4rcn, published by the Norwegian and Danish Methodists. 
Under the new name the editors have been: Rev. Christian 
Trcider, 1876-1880; Rev. A. Haagensen, 1880-1884; Christian 
Treidcr, 1884-1891; A. Haagensen, 1891-1897; C. F. Eltzholtz, 
1897-1905; H. P. Bergh, 1905 to date. Kristelige Talsmand 
and Hyrdtstemmtn are the official organs of the Norwegian- 
Danish Methodist Episcopal Church. Files are available at 
272 Grand avenue, Chicago. 

National Live Stock Journal, September 18, 1870 to date 
(1888?): A monthly devoted to live slock interests. John P. 
Reynolds was editor and George W. Rusl and Company were 
publishers, 1871-1872. George W. Rust and Company were 
editors and publishtrs, 1873-1875. J. H. Sanders was editor 
till 1882, and the Stock Journal Company were publishers, 1876- 

. A weekly edition in addition to the monthly was begun 

Januaiy,i88s. WJUH 

Observer, i87o(?) (?): A monthly, devoted to banking, in- 
surance, and railway interests. J. Clement was publisher and 
proprietor in 1870. 

Ou* Folks at Home, i87o-' 

-(?): A monthly literary paper. 

Fred D. Carson was editor and publisher. 

Press, October, i87o-OctoI)cr 1871+: Quarterly. Horton and 
Leonard were editors ami pubh-shers until the fire of October, 
1871. The Press was then suspended. It was succeeded in 
1S72 by ///uj^rtiW/{?Hmu/(q.v.) and that paper, then a monthly, 
apparently was in 1874 renamed Illustrated Press. It was then 
published by Horton and Landon. H 



Illustrated Journal, +November, 1872-1874+: Bi-monthly. 
Knight and Leonard were editors and publishers in 1872; Hor- 
ton and Leonard in 1873. The following year the American 
Publishing Company were publishers, and Thomas G. New- 
man was business manager. The Illustrated Journal was a 
revival of the Press, burned out in the fire of October, 1S71, and 
was sent to fill out terms of such subscribers to the Press as gave 
their names and the unexpired subscription terms. It was 
apparently succeeded by IllustraUd Press (redivivus), at some 
time after 1874. Not mentioned after 1876. H 

PuBLlSB£iES' AuxiLLUEV, i87o(?) to date (1873): Issued weekly. 
A. N. Kellogg was publisher, 1870-1873. 

The Ray, October, i87o-(afler 1S72): Monthly. Published in 
the interest of the Union Park Baptist Church, and distributed 
gratuitously. Vii 

Schoolmaster, -fjuly, 1870-June, 1871 + : Monthly. Estab- 
lished at Bloomington by John Hull in 1868. Removed to Chi- 
cago with the number for July, 1870. John Hull was publisher, 
Hull and Albert Stetson of Illinois Normal University were 
editors. When the place of publication was changed Albert 
Stetson and I. S. Baker became editors. Chicago influence seems 
to have grown, and at the beginning of 1S71 the name was changed 
to Chicago Schoolmustcr, with I. S. Baker as editor, and the 
Schoolmaster Company publishers, Chicago and Normal. John 
Hull and Company were still publishers, however. Aaron Gove 
succeeded Baker as editor with the number for June, 1871, the 
Schoolmaster Company (Aaron Gove and E. C. Hewitt) became 
publishers, and Chicago and Nonnai appeared on the cover, 
though Normal was the place of publication. February, 1873, 
Chicago Schoolmaster and Illinois Teacher were merged as 
Illinois Schoolmaster y and continued by Gove and Hcwclt at 
Normal. H 

Smax Money Maker's Journal, 1870: An advertising sheet. R. 
W. Chappell was editor and publisher. 

Sunday School Helper, 1870 to date (187a) : A Universalist paper, 
published monthly. S. A. Briggs was editor, and Ihc North- 
western Universalist Publishing House were publishers, 1870- 

Sunday School World, i87o(?) (?): A monthly, published 

by the American Sunday School Union. 

Union Park Advocate, 1870 to date (1877) ■ ^ weekly local adver- 
tising sheet. C. E. Crandall was editor and publisher, 1875- 
L '877. 



Union Park Banner, 1870 to date (1880): An advertising sheet 
published at West Chicago by E. M. Turner and Company. D. 
S. Crandall was proprietor in 1876, and Turner and Lloyd owned 
the paper in 1880. H 

West Chicago, 1870 10 date (1875): Weekly. The West Chicago 

Company were editors and publishers in 1875. 
West End Advocate, 1870 to date (1881): A weekly, devoted to 

local interests, especially to the business of West Division. 

Charles E. Crandall was editor and publisher, 1878-1880. It 

was dated for West Chicago in 1878. H 

Westliche Odd Fellow, 1870, to date (1871): A German 
monthly devoted to I. O. O. F. J. B. Wing and Company were 
editors and publishers, 187&-1871. 

World Magazine. 1870-1893: An illustrated magazine devoted 
to society and drama, containing stories, sketches, poems, and 
humorous articles. The Chicago World Publishbg Company, 
or World Society, were publishers in 1883-1884. This paper is 
listed in Rowell, 1884-1885. H 

Young Folks' Monthly. 1870 to date (1883) : An illustrated juve- 
nile literary paper containing matter " best calculated to amuse 
and instruct the young." H. N. F. Lewis was editor and pub- 
lishen'n 1875-1876. In 1876 Gerrit L. Hoodless was proprietor. 
Mrs. Annie R. White was editor, and Milton George, publisher, 
I 878-1 880. C 

Young Folks' Rural, 1870 to date (1881): A juvenile literary 
paper, issued monthly. H. N. F. Lewis was editor and pub- 
lisher, 1871-1878. J. D. Tallmadge was editor and publisher, 
1879-1880. HC 

Young Pilot, 1870 to date (1871): Monthly. The Young Pilot 
Publishing Company were editors and publishers in 1871. 
FraokUn H. Tinker was associated with the paper at this time, 

Advertiser's Assistant, 1871 to date (1872): Monthly. Cook, 
Cobum, and Company, editors and publishers. 

Amateur Monthly, July, 1871-February, 1872+: An amateur 
paper, established by Charles C. Hoyt and Will F-. Gard. The 
name was changed February, 1872, to 

Our Youth, + February, 1872 (?): An amateur paper, a con- 
tinuation of Amateur MonilUy, issued by Charles C. Hoyt and 

Wm E. Gard, 

AuHRiCANisciiER Faruee, iS?! to date (1874) : A German weekly. 
Julius Silversmith was editor; the Cosmopolitan Publishing 
Company were publishers. Listed in J874 as Amerik Farmer. 



Baptist Union, 1871 to date (1875): A Baptist paper. In 1871, 
Rev. G.H. Ball, D.D., and Rev. J. B. Drew, D.D., wen- editors; 
the Baptist Printing Union, publishers, In 187a, Rev, Dr. Drew 
was suLCceded by Rev, S. VV. ^Miitney. The same editors and 

fmblishers continued until 1874, when E. W. Page became pub- 
isher. In 1S75 Dr. Ball alone was editor; Mr. Page was still 
publkher. The paper was dated at New York and Chicago. 

Child's Paper. 1871: Burned out in the Chicago fire and not 

Child's World, 1871 : A juvenile publication which soon dis- 

CouuERCiAL Enterprise, 1871 to dale (1875): A commercial 
weekly. It was published in 1S75 ^X ^^^ Commercial Enterprise 
Publishing Company. 

Cosmopolite, r87i(?) to dale (1873): Mentioned only in the 
directory for 1873. J. Silversmith was editor and manager. 
The paper was burned out in the grcal fire, but later re\-ived. 

Dahetm, 1871 (1870?) to date: (German. The Sunday edition 
of the Freie Presse (q.v.). In 1876 R. Michaelis was editor; 
the German American Publishing Company were publishers. 
Dahetm was still published as the Sunday edition of the Fred 
Presse in 1899. By 1907, however, it was published with the 
Weslen as the Sunday edition of the JlHnois Staats-Ztitung, 
under the title of WesUn und Daheim. Both the Daheim and 
the Westen und Daheim have been Republican in politics. U 

Deuockat, 1871 to date (i88i): In 1871 H. S. Knapp was editor; 
in 187a J. A. Daniels was editor, the Democrat Company were 
publishers; in 1876, Mr. Daniels was editor^ and Daniels and 
Company were publishers; in 1880, Mr. Daniels was both editor 
and publisher. HU 

Drv Goods Reporter, 187 i to date: A commercial paper 
devoted to diy goods and allied lines. C. W. Spofford was 
editor in 1907 and is now editor-in-chief, and president and treas- 
urer of the corporation. Frank McElwain is managing editor. 
The Diy Goods Reporter Company were given as publishers in 

Financier, 1871 to date (1874): A weekly, devoted to finance. 
Published in New York in 1873, by the Financier Company, and 
dated for New York and Chicago. Published in 1874 by W. H. 

FoDNDLiNGS' Recohd, 1871-1876+ : A monthly, published in the 
interests of the Chicago Foundlings' Home. Edited by George 
E. Shipman. It was changed to C 



Faith's Record, +i876-i884(?): and continued publication as 
before. HO 

Fkeie Pkesse, July, 1871-1874+ : Established as a political weekly 
by Richard Michaclis. la 1S72 a daily edition was begun, 
"Liberal Republican" in politics, which supported Greeley. 
After Greeley's defeat it became straight Republican and has so 
remained. For a time in 1873 H. Bender was associated as 
editor, but otherwise Michaelis was editor alone from its begin- 
ning. It was published by the Freie Presse Printing Company. 
The paper has had .several minor changes of name. In 1874 it 
was changed to N 

Chicacoer Freie Presse, +1874+ ; and in December of the 
same year to 

Chicagoer Neue Freie Presse, + December, 1874-1883+: R. 
MichaeiL; continued as editor. The German American Publishing 
Company were publishers in 1876, and until April. 1901, when 
Freie Presse was sold to ihc IlUnoLi Publishing Company. 
Richard Michaelis became half owner and general manager. 
In August, [905, he sold his holding to his son, Walter R. 
MichaelLs, who was elected general manager, and Horace L. 
Brand, who was made secretary and treasurer. W. R. Michaelis 
and H. R. Brand are present sole owners of the paper. The 
Freie Presse started as a daily, with a Sunday edition, Dahetm 
(which sec). After 1871 the paper was published daily, weekly, 
and Sundays. The weekly Freie Presse in 1907 Issued an 
edition for coimlry circulation called SonrUagsbolc. At some 
time between 1899 and 1907 Dahetm ceased to Ije the Sunday 
edition of the Freie Presse, and with Westen, became that of 
the Illinois Staais-Zeitung. NUC 

Happy Hours, 1871 (?): A literary paper; M. A. Fuller was 

editor and publisher. 

Heavenly Tidings, i87i(P)-i873(?): An organ of the Y. M. C. 
A., which was its publishers. 

Independent Trade Register, t87i(?): Lunt, Tisher, and Com- 
pany were publishers. 

JfSTiTiA, March-Oclober, 1871: Swedish, Isidor Kjellberg was 
editor and publisher. 

Ledger, i87i(?): Basset Brothers were publishers. 

LriTLK Men, i87rC?)-i872+ : An amateur paper, consolidated 
with Our Boys about 187a. 

Lorgnette, 1871 (?): "The official amusement organ of 

Crosbv Opera House. Aiken's Museum. Globe Theatre and 
Farwe'll HaU." H 




1871 (?): A paper owned and published by Jefferson and 

Wroc in 187 1- 

Motheh's Journal, ^^(?) to date (1871) : A monthly "de- 
voted to the advancement of science, literature, morality and 
religion." Mrs. Mary G. Clarke was editor; J. N. Clarke, 
publisher. H 

Chicago National, 1871 to dale (1874): .\ monthly devoted 
primarily to insurance interests. In 1874 it was listed as a liter- 
ary magazine. The National l,ife Insurance Company were 
the original editors and publishers. In 1873 John II. Holmes 
was editor. W. C. Cockson was editor in 1874, and H. G. 
Teed was business manager It appears to have been weekly 
for a lime in 1874. 

National Car BtranER, 1870-1881+: A monthly devoted to 
mechanics. Tl was dated from New York and Chicago, tn 
1876 James Gilletl was editor and Vosc iJinsmore and Com- 
pany were nubUshors. James Gillctt was editor also in 1879, 
but the publishing firm wa.s Gillelt and Dinsmore. .'\fter 1881, 
the paper wa<i dated from New York only. Later became 
National Car and Locomotive Builder, and in i8g6 was merged 
in the American Engineer and Railroad Journal. 

Newspaper Union, 187 i to date (1878): A sheet published by 
The Chicago Newspaper Union, 1871-1875. It was listed as 
a co-operative advertising sheet. C. E. Strong was manager in 
1873. In 1876 Andrew J. Aiken was president and C. E. Strong 
manager. S. H. Williams wa.- editor in 1877. 

Nya Veriden, +January, 1871-1876+ : Moved to Chicago from 
Galva, where it had been established in January, 1869, as Illinois 
Swede by Eric Johnson, son of the founder of Bishop Hfll colony. 
It was printed in Swedish and English. Andrew Chalser and C. 
F. Peterson became partners, and the name was changed to Nya 
Veriden, published only in Swedish. In Chicago P. A. Sundc- 
lius became co-editor with Peterson; Johnson soon sold his in- 
terest to Chaiser, After the fire the paper was published in 
Galcsburg until March, 1872. Herman Roos became a&sociatc 
editor with Peterson in 1873. In 1876 the paper was turned 
over to the Swedish Publishing Company, which combined 
Svenska Americanaren with Nya Veriden and began Svenska 
Tribunen. U 

OcR Boys, 1871C?) to date (1873): An amateur paper established 
by Charles S. Diehl and Fred K. Morrill. This paper was 




burned out in the fire, but was revived. It absorbed LUtie Men 
about 1872. In that year C. C. Hoyl was editor; Diehl and 
Fowler were publishera in 1873. 

People's Weekly, 1871-1883: An illustrated paper published by- 
Rand, McNally, and Company. 

Phendc, 1871 to date: A weekly newspaper devoted to local in- 
terests. M. A. Fuller was editor and publisher in 1872. In 
1907 Frank F. Stanley was editor and publisher. He died in 
October, 1908. and publication was suspended until March, 
1909, when the paper was bought by the Phenix Publishing 
Company, E. J. Harvey, president. In Aver for 1908 the date 
of founding had receded to 1869. Republican. 

RESTmrrioN, +1S71 to date (1874); Thomas Wilson wa? editor 
and publisher in 1871. In 1873-1874 Thomas Wilson was 
editor, and Wilson, Pierce, and Company were publishers. It 
was known as the organ of Servants of Jesus Christ in 187a, 
and ax the organ of Marturiuns in 1873. This was evidently 
a continuation or a successor of Herald of the Coming Kingdom 
and Christian InstrucUtr. 

Sunday School Mirror, 1871-1904: Edited and published by 
Rev. Andrew L. O'Neill from 1872 to 1901, on the second and 
fourth Sundays of each month ; on the aitemale Sundays it was 
called Sunday School Companion. 

Tailor's Intelligencer, 1871 to date (1874): Issued monthly. 
Salisbury Brothers and Company were editors and publishers 
in 1873. Wilber S. Salisbury was proprietor in 1874. 

Ungdous Vannen, iS7i(?) to date (1881} : Given in 18S1 as 
a Scandinavian literary paper, published semi-monthly. A 
monthly of this name was published by the Hemlandei people 
from 1871 to 1881. It was devoted to the Interests of young 

Young Hero, [87i(?)-r87a+ : An amateur paper, consolidated 
with Our Youth about 1872. It had been burned out in the 
great fire, but apparently revived. 

Young Messenger, January, i87i-i872{?)+ : Issued monthly. 
Walter T. Dwight was editor and publisher in 1871. It was 
consolidated with the Wolverine Messenger of Detroit, Michigan, 
about 1872. 

Youth's Cabinet, i87i(?) to date (1872); .^n amateur monthly 
"devoted entirely to the interests of the .American boy and girl." 
It was being edited in 187a by John L. Whelan. and published 
by Wlielan Brothers. In had been burned oiil in 1871, but was 
apparently revived. 



Balance, 1873 to date (1S77): A monthly, devoted to woman suf- 
rage. Maria Hawley and Mary Tomlin were editors and pub- 
lishers. 1872-1875. In 1876 the editors and publishers were 
Maria Hawley. Odclia BHnn, and Laura M. Hubbard. 

Bell, 1872 to date (1S75): .\ Baptist monthly. In 1875 it was 
edited by the Young Pwplc's .^ssociation of the Western Avenue 
Baptist Church; published by Guilbcrt and Clissold, then by 
H. R. Clissold. 

Bridal Bells, 1873 to date (1877): Semi-muntbly. Edited and 
published in 1877 by Eugene T. Gilbert. 

Carl Pretzel's Magazine Pook, 1872-1874: A comic weekly* 
written in German-English lingo, dealing with matters of local 
interest. Mr. C. H. Harris, the editor and publisher, discon- 
tinued it in 1874 to eslablish the more ambitious NatUmal 

Child's Friend, 1872 to date (1873) : Juvenile. Monthly in 187a* 
semi-monthly in 1873. Edited by C. G. G. Paine, published 
by the Bright Side Publishing Company. 

Diocese, March, 1872 to dale (1874): A religious monthly. In 
1873 Rev. John Wilkinson was editor, and George H. Marsland 
was publisher. Rev. J. F. Walker was editor in 1874; Bryant 
and Walker were publishers. 

GRtx-'ERY AND Druc Price List, i872{ ?) to date (1879) : A weekly 
commercial paper. .\. C. Schooley was proprietor, 1872-1879. 

HuMAXE Journal, May, 1873 to dale: A monthly, devoted tu 
"humane" propaganda. Albert W. Landon was editor and 
publisher, 1872-1874. E. M. Fuller and Albert W, Landon 
were publishers, 1875-1879. Upon the death of Mr. Landon 
in 1879, bis widow, Martha J. Landon, became editor and pub- 
lisher. In October, 1907, she sold the journal to Virginia M. 
Arford, who is now the editor, with Miss Vera K. Arford as 
assistant editor. The journal is printed by the Humane Journal 
Publishing Company of which F. Arford is (he manager. H 

Inter Ocean, March 25, 1873 to date: Established as a daily and 
weekly by J. Young Scammon as the successor of the Republican 
(established in 1865 and burned out in the (ire of 1871). The 
weekly edition was begun in 1884. E. W. Halford was its first 
editor and William Penn Nixon its first business manager. In 
1873 Frank W. Palmer, Congressman from Iowa, purchased an 
interest and became editor. After the panic of 1875 the Inter 
Ocean Company was succeeded by the Inter Ocean Publishing 
Company, with William Penn Nixon and Dr. O. W. Nixon as 



controUin}^ slockholdcrs, the former becoming editor nod pub- 
lisher. Managing editors of note in succession were Gil[>ert 
A. Pierce, Williiim K. Curtis, and W. H. Busbey. In 1891H. 
H. Kohlsaat bought an interest and became publisher and busi- 
ness manager. In 1S94 the Nixons repurchased Mr. KQhlsaat*s 
interest. In 1897 Charles T. Yerkcs purcha.sed a controlling 
interest and Oeorge Wheeler Hinman became editor, Mr. Nixon 
continuing as publisher. In 1907 Mr. Hinman bought the con- 
trolling interest in the Inl^r Ocean and became editor and 
publbher. Republican — "the only Republican newspafwr in 
Chicago." WDNAUCHE 

Kkeip Zange, 187a to date (1873): A German paper of which 
Miller and Wagner were editors and publishers in 1873. 

Ladies' Friend and Shopping Gcjidk, i872(?) to date (1875): 
Vol. I, no. I, of a new series is dated January i, 1873, and en- 
titled Densmore^s Lady*s trUnd. The tille Ladies' Friend and 
Shopping Guide apparently belonged to the old series. The 
newsjiaper directories for 1873-1875 give the paper as Lady's 
Friend. It appears to have been weekly in 1872, monthly, 
1873-1875. In 1872 J. A. Densmore was editor. J. A. Dcnsmore 
and Company were publishers, and Laura M. Hubbard was 
"fashion editress". The paper contained a literarj' department 
especially for ladies, essays on education, household management, 
art, music, etc. "It shall be our aim to influence for good the 
fair readers . . . and through them their huskmds, fathers, 
sons and brothers." In 1.S73 and 1S74 J. A. Densmore was 
editor and publi.sher. The Lady's Friend Publishing Company 
were editors and publishers in 1875. H 

Daily Law Bulij:tin, June 4, i87a-i90o( ?). H 

Ledger, 1872 to date; A literary and family magazine, published 
weekly. Although the "Ledger Company" is the riame given 
to the firm of editors and publishers, Samuel H. Williams was 
really the editor for almost twentj' years. W. Scott McComas 
was associated with him in 1S80. In 1891 W. D. Boyce acquired 
(he Chicago Ledger, and the W. D. Boyce Company have been 
editors and publishers to date. Begun in connection with a news- 
paper plate supply business and in imitation of the New York 
I^ger, in the first few years it made a feature of stories of a good 
class. Since the lale seventies, however, it has deteriorated in 
literary lone. The sensational, although not immoral, character 
of the Ledger stories, and the use that the large mail-order houses 
have made of its advertising columns, have given this paper an 
unusually long life and extensive circulation. 


Lens, 1872-1873: A quarterly journal of microscopy. Contains 
Ihe transactions of the State Microscopical Society of Illiaois. 
Edited by S. A. Briggs. JCHU 

Chicago Librabl\n, November, 1872-August, i873(?): Monthly, 
devoted to the library interests of the city, flspecial attention 
was paid the public librarj- then being reorganized and replen- 
ished; a monthly list of aJl new books received by the library* 
was printed. In the first number was given a catalog of the 
"more prominent boolcs" in the libran' nf 1200 volumes at that 
time received. Perry, Morris, and Sullzer published the first 
number; J. W. Dean and Company the second; W. E. Day 
and Company the others. CH 

LiTER*VRY Youth, (r')-i872(?)+ : An amateur publication 

continued as 

Golden Moments. +i872(?) (?): Monthly. An amateu*- 

paper, edited by Edward Everett Woodbury. 

Locomotive, i872(?) (?): An amateur monthly, edited and 

published by I. H. Preston in 1873. 

Medical Registes, 1872 to date (1885} . 

National Hotel Reporter, 1873 to date: A commcrtial paper 
published daily except Sunday. Frank Gtossop and Company 
were editors and publishers in 1873; Frank Glossop wa^ editor 
and publisher in 1874-1875. Scott and Rice were editors and 
publishers in 1876-80. F. W. Rice was editor and publisher in 
1907. It was listed as Daily Hotel Reporter, 1872-187.V 

Daily News, March 7, 1872 (?): .\ daily and weekly Demo- 
cratic paper, of which H. R. Whipple was business manager. It 
was apparently short lived, as no reference is made to it in the 
dty directory or the newspaper directories for the next year. It 
was published by the Chicago News Printing Company W 

Our Fireside Friend, January 37, 1873, to date (1875J: A weekly 
literary magazine of the "family storj'" type. Waters, Evert, 
and Company were editors and publishers, 1873-1875; A. P. 
Miller was publisher in 1875. ^ 

Our Flag, i872(?) ( ?) : An amateur monthly paper, published 

by Elwell and Gowell. 
Outlook, 1872 lo date (1873): A monthly literary publication. 

Selden Gibert was publisher and proprietor in 1873. 

Pictorial Advertiser, i872(?) to date {1877): This paper was 
owned by the Pictorial Advertiser Company, 1872-1873, and 
published by the Pictorial Printing Company in 1874. John 
McGreer was editor in 1877. 



Chicago PuLPrr, i872-i873(?) : A weekly publication of the ablest 
sermons by leading Chicago ministers. There were also in- 
cluded departments of church news, book notes, and comments 
on church affairs. The tone was strictly undenominational and 
uncontroversial. Sermons of especial value, but of a denomina- 
tional or controvcsiaj sort, were issued as extra numl^ers. 
Carpenter and Sheldon were publishers and proprietors. SH 

Railroad Montuly, 1872 to date (1873): Story and Camp were 
editors and publishers in 1873. 

Recoeu, 1872 to date (1879) : Monthly. H. V. Reed and C. Gard- 
ner were publishers, 1872-1873. In 1879 J. M. J. Gillespie 
was editor and proprietor. 

Religio Politico Party, i872(?) to date (1873) : Mrs. A. BufFum 
was editor, 1872-1873. 

CmcAGO Teacher, 187a to date (1875): Issued monthly. Baker 
and Mahony were editors and publishers in 1873; Jeremiah 
Mahony, 1874; John W. Brown, 1875. H 

VoLANTE, January i, 187a to date (1881); A monthly collegiate 
publication. The students of the University of Chicago were 
editors and publishers. H 

Watchmakers' Magazine, November, 1872 to dale (1873): 
Monthly. Edited by E. R. P. Shurley and published by the 
Horological Association. H 

What Next, 1873 to date (1874): A monthly. John B. Alden 
was editor and publisher, 1873-1874. 

VouNo America, i87a(?) (?): Amateur. 

Young Chicago, i872(?) —(?): An amateur monthly. It was 

being published in 1872 by Dicker and McLachlan. 

Young Industry, i872(?) (?): An amateur monthly. It was 

being pubii.slied in 1872 by H.E. Greenbaum. 

Youth's Reporter, i872(?)-^ ^(?); An amateur monthly. It 

was being published in 1872 by K. E. Russell. 

Advocate, r873 to date {1877) : "An insurance monthly. The Pro- 
tection Life Insurance Company were publishers in 1874 and 
1875. In 1876 and 1S77 Martin Ryan was editor and publisher. 

Agents' Guide, 1873 to date (i88o) : Monthly. James P. Scott was 
editor and publisher, 1875-1880. 

Chicago Alliance, December 13, 1873-March, 1882+ : A non- 
sectarian weekly founded by a group of clergymen including 
Prof. David Swing, Rev. Robert Collyer, Dr. Hxram .\. Thomas 
and others. Willi a slightly religious trend in its material, it 
was devoted, in the main to literature, particularly that of the 


essay form. In its bcginmng Rev. J. B. BicOure was aaxapsig 
editor; the other editorial work was sb&ird by ill. But one by 
one the editors withdrew, before long leaving Prof. Swing 
editor-in-chief and chief contributor. His weekly sermoo 
was the leading Uteranr feature throughout the existence ol 
paper. In 1874 the Alliance PublUhing Company was tbe name 
by which the group of editors and publishers was destgiuted. In 
1875 this company is named as publishers, while the list of 
editors given includes Prof. Swing. Rev. C. D. Hdmer, H. W. 
Thomas. D.D.. H. N. Powers. D.D.. and Prof. HlUiam Mathew». 
H. L. Ensign was the business manager. Professor Swing's 
name appears as that of editor again in 1S76. In 1877 Mr. Mc- 
Clure (luposed of his interest. In the same >-ear Francis F. 
Browne became literary- editor, and A. H. Huling lodc charge of 
the political department. In 1S78 Re%-. Z. S. Holbrook pur- 
chased an interest and assisted Professor Swing. Browne and 
Huling «oon mired and .Mr. Holbrook sold to Henry L. Shcpard, 
who in iR7gand 1880 was filling the positionof editor. Dizonaad 
She|xird arc named an publishcrt in i87Q,and the .\lliance.\ssocia- 
tion ill 1K81, The failure nf the paper early in 1SS2 b said to 
have licen due to the unscrupulousncss of the business manager. 
A cnn.<ioJidiili<)n with the M'r.siern AfagaiirK wfAS effected m 
March, unit the new ]>rrii>i)iial up))iarcd as the Weekly Magimme 
(see Wt*Urn Afai;atine). Thr l\\\c Chii jgo Alliame was cbMBged 
to Al/iatue in third voUimc and in the next Tolume to AOitmce 
and kaJiial Rn'kw. HC 

AUKBK AN llituic Maoaknk, i873(?) (?): .An Qlustraled mag- 
azine ntcnlhincd in the clly director)' for 1873. Cbaries H. 
Taylor and Company were protirietors. 

AuKBicAN WoBKINO i873(?) (?): R. C. Machcsncy 

was editor in 1873. 

AimusTANA 11(11 MiHHKiVAkpcN, 1H71 lo dutr ; In 1876 this weekly 
wiLH divided in><» tw<i InMniuhilii-H. Auj^uyiana .ind Missioniftn^ 
but after u yenr llu- mmlilnnl lillr wa?. rtrsumeil. The name 
became /I Hj;ui/ana in (HHv Dr. was the first editor; 
be was succccdcMl in i8^k by |:rlc Norelius. and he bv Erland 
Carlsson, who wa» editor until 1864; A. K. Ccr\in, i8<>4-i868; 
J. O. Princcll, January July, iHft^; llnturlquist and others, 
1869-1890; S. P. A. Lindohf, 1H90 iqoH; Dr. L. G. Abraham- 
son, 1908. 

Bee Keepebb' Maoajiine, x'^nU) <•• Jnte (»874): A monthly, 
devoted lo bee keeping. H. A, King and Cumpany were editors 
and puhli»hcrK in iHyt and 1H74, The paper was dated from 
New York and ChicaK"- 



Better Age, 1873 ta dale (1875): Semi-monthly. Edited and pub- 
Usbcd in 1875 by John Russell and Charles P. Russell. 

Bridal Veil. 1873 10 date (1876) : Edited and published in 1874 by 
H. M. Habel, as a semi-monthly. Bi-weekly in 1875, published 
by the Bridal Veil Company. E 

Catqolic Vindicator, 1873 to date (1877) : Edited by Dr. D. W. 
Nolan; published by the Catholic News Company. Dated 
for Chicago and Milwaukee. 

CnRiSTiAN Umon, 1873C?) to datc{i875): J. B. Ford and Company 
were publishers, 1873-1874. S. F. Junkin was manager, 1875. 

Christian Voice, i873(?) to date (1879): Fleming H. Revell was 
publisher in 1873. In 1877 W. W. Kelly and Company arc 
given in the city directory as managers. \V. S. Cossar was pro- 
prietor in 1879. E 

Chicago Commercial Advertiser, July, 1873-1880: A commer- 
cial weekly paper. It was edited and jnjblished in 1874 by 
Burvh and Ford: in 1875 by Robert B. Ford and company; 
in 1876 by the Metn>iK)litan Printing Cumpany; and in 1877 
and 1878 by Charles -S. Burch. in 1878 by Commercial Advertiser 
Company, and in 1879 again by Burch. Beginning with no. i of 
vol. 17, July 14, 1881, J. S. Salisbury was editor until July r, 
1886. F. W. Palmer then editor and continued to 
March 25. 1897. From March, 1880, to September i, 1882, the 
paper was called Industrial World and Comnurcial Advertiser. 
lis name then became Industruii World and Iron Worker. In 
March, 1898, it was merged with Iron Trade Reinevj as Indmlrial 
World and Iron Worker. The Commercial Advertiser Company 
were publishers in 1880. HJID 

Cottack Monthly, 1873 (?): A periodical of the "family 

story" type, devoted to "entertaining literature". Readle, 
Brewster, and Company were the publishers. 

Drovers' Journal. June, 1873, to dale: Established by Harvey 
L. Goodall. It is devoted to agricultural and slock interests. 
It was published especially for the Union Stock Yards, 1875- 
1879. H. h. Goodall and Company were editors and publishers 
from the beginning until the death of Mr. Goodall, March, 
1900. Since then his widow, E. F. Goodall, has been president 
of the stock company which publishes the paper. The Drovers' 
Journal, begun iis a weekly, started also the Chkago Daily 
Drovers' Journal In 1874. The wxekly edition became GoodaWs 
Farmer and Weekly Dro'.'ers' Journal, October, 1900. In No- 
vember, 1905, the name of the daily was changed to Chicago 
Daily Drovers* Journal and Farm Neifs. From January to March, 



1906, GoodalPs Farmer was owned by ihv American Breeder attd 
Feeder. Since that lime it has bct-n published weekly under this 
title by the Drovers' Journal PublishiiiK Company. Since June, 
1906, the daily has been the Chicago Daily Farmers^ and Drivers* 
Journal. AE 

Elf.ctkotype Journ-\l, 1873 to date (rSSi): A quarterly, devoted 
to typography and advertising. A. Zecse and Company, editors 
and publishers to date. 1881. 

Electrotypeb, Januarj', 1873 to dale (188:) : A quarterly, devoted 
to typoifraphy and advertising- Schniedewend, Lee, and Com- 
pany were publishers in 1874. F-"rom that time up to j88i the 
publishing firm was called Schniedewend and Lee. J 

KtJLENBPiECEL, 1873 to date {1881): A German comic weekly. It 

was published by Moritz Langeloth. U 

Excelsior Magazine, 1873 to date (1875) : A literary monthly. In 
1875 M. Garland Walker was editor and publisher. 

Exposition Pictoriai- Advertiser, Fall. 1873: .\n illustrated 
paper "devoted to the humorous side of the Kxposiiion." Dis- 
tributed gratuitously. Published by the Pictorial Printing Com- 
pany in the Eicposirion building. H 

Express, :873(?) to date (1880): A Greenback paper of which O. 
J. Smith was edit<ir Hnd publisher. 

Facklan, (before 187.^); A Swedish paper published f">r a short 
lime by K. A. Oslergren. 

Freeman, December, 1873-December, 1874+ : Edited by W. S. 
Burke; published by Street, White, and Bowen. I( was de- 
voted to literature and politics. IKK the end of one year the editor 
and publishers changed the name to 

Northwestern Magazine, -f-December, 1874 (?): Devoted 

to literature, science, art, politics, and religion. Edited by W. S. 
Burke; publbhed by Street, White, and Bowen. The North- 
western was to give less attention to politics and more to 
literature. H 

Gazeta Polska w Chicago, October, 1873 to date: Established 
and published weekly to date by Wladyslaw Dynicwicz, sole 
proprietor. It claims to be the oldest Polish paper in America. 
It is Independent-Republican. 

Goldbeck's Journal op Music. 1873 to date (1876): A monthly 
publication, devotc-d to music. It was edited and published in 
1874 and 1875 b> Robert Gotdbeck. It is listed in the directory 
for 1876 with no report. 




Grocer's Criterion, 1873 to date. A trade weekly, issued for 
advertising purposes. R. J. Bennett was editor in 1877. In 
1878. and stil! in 1880, Thomas Althorp was publisher. In 
1886 D. O. T-antz and Company were publishers. Eugene J. 
Hall was puhlisher in 1890. The Grocer's Criterion Company 
have been publishers since 1904. 

Daily Herald, August 16-Deccmber 23, 1873: Established as a 
one-cent evening paper; later became two-cent. Independent. 
It was to have been succeeded by (he Sunday Argus but no evi 
dence is found that the Argus was begun. H 

Illustrated Journal of Aoriculture, i873(?)-i874(?)i 
Perry P. Stone was manager. 

Industrial Agk, i873-i878(?): A weekly industrial paper. In 
its first year it absorbed the Peopled Paper (q. v.). J. A. Noonan, 
S. M. Smith, and Charles E. Barney were editors; the Industrial 
Age Company, publishers, 1874-187^. In 1876 J. A. Noonan, 
S. M. Smith and "Professor" C. C.Buell were editors. J. A. 
Noonan and C. C. Buell were editors in 1877. It was listed in 
the directory for 1879, with no report. The paper of the same 
oanne now published was begun in 1896. TJW 

Investigator, 1873-1908+ : An insurance paper, at first weekly, 
but monthly by 1880. J. S. Bloomington was editor and pub- 
lisher in 1875, and was still so in 1880. William E. Beer was 
editor, and Herbert W. Bloomington, publisher, in 1907. In 
January, 1908, this paper was merged in Insurance Field. 

Journal OF THE American Bureau of Mjnes, 1873 to date (1875) ; 
A monthly mining journal. W. C. McCarty was editor and 

manager, 1874-1875. 

Daily Jubilee, June, 1873: A souvenir of Chicago's gala week, 
June 5-12, 1873. Lively. H 

LfTERARV VARtETiEs, March, 1873 C?)* Monthly. Edward 

N. Fuller was editor and publisher. Slight. H 

Little Bouquet, 1873 to dale (1877) : A juvenile monthly, devoted 
to spiritualism. S. S. Jones was editor; the Religio-Philosophical 
Publishing Company were publishers, 1874-1877. 

Masonic Recorjj, iSt^{?) to date (1878): Carson and Barnard 
were publishers in 1873; Carson and Lamberson in 1874; C. H. 
Carson and Company, 1S75-1878. 

Master Mechanic, 1873 to date (1874): A monthl>, devoted to 
mechanics. Evans, Comstock, and Compan> were editors and 
publishers in. 1S74. 



North-Westehn Llmberman. 1873-1898+: A weekly paper 
devoted to lumber interests. William B. Jackson was editor 
and Judson and Dicey were pubUshere in 1874- In 1875 Wil- 
liam B. Jackson and Calvin ^i. Mudgc were editors and Judson, 
Dicey, and Company were publishers. Rufus King was business 
manager. In 1876 William B. Jackson was editor, and Judson 
and King were publishers. The Lumberman Publishing 
piuiy were editors and publishers. i877-:88o. The title of the 
paper became Amrrkan Lumberman in 1898. January i, 1S99, 
the Timberman, established 1885, was absorbed. In 1907 J. E. 
Defebaugh was editor; the American Lumberman {Inc.} were 
publishers. This paper was monthly in 1874, with a semi- 
monthly bulletin. Since then it has been weekly. WHE 

OccmENT, 187.5 **^ JatP (September. 1895) : A weekly radical reform 
Jewish journal. It was devoted to general news, politics, liter- 
ature, science, art, and the interest of the Hebrews of the North- 
west. Julius Silversmith, M.A., was editor and proprietor, 
1873-1895. The Occident Publishing Company were publishers. 
In 1876 mention is made of the fact that this paper was printed 
in both English and German. DAH 

Or» Boys' akd Girls' Own, 1873 to date (:875): A monthly 
publication. J. A. Densmore was editor and publisher in 1875. 
Listed as Boy^ aiid Girls Xfagasine in 1874. 

People's Paper. July 26-August 16, 1873 : A grange organ edited 
by Edward N. Fuller. It was disposed of lo J. A. Noonan and 
merged in Industrial Age. H 

PoHTTOLio, i873(?) (?) : A monthly, devoted to literature and 

the fine arts. 

Professor Trumbull's Familv Record, i873(?): Published by 
Trumbull and Carver. 

Scientific Farmer, 1873 to dale (1874): Monthly. Dr. T. A. 
Bland was editor and Thomas G. Newman publisher in 1S74. 

South Side New.s, 1S73 to date (1874): Published weekly for Grand 
Crossing. Vaaaant and Company were editors and publishers 
in 1874. 

Stag Weekly, 1873: A small two-column eight-page paper, appar- 
ently issued for gratuitous circulation, by Cari>enter and Sbddon. 


Student, 1873 to date (1874): Monthly. M. Wendell was editor, 
and Wendell and Einstein were publishers in 1874. 

To-Day, i873( ?) ( ?) : A weekly, edited by Dio Lewis. 


Turker's Mimaret, 1S73-1875; A semi-monthly publication of 
the "family story" type. E. M. Turner and Company were 
editors and pubMsliers in 1873- The paper was listed in 1875 as 
the Minaret. 

Vart Nva Hem, 1873 to date (1S74): A Swedish monthly, edited 
and published by A. Chaiser and Company in 1874. 

CmcAGSKY Vf.stnik. 1873 to dale {i88r): Bohemian. A liberal 
Republican pdper, published weekly. Josef Langmayer was 
editor and publisher in 1874 and 1877. Josef Langmayer was 
publisher and J- V. Matejka was editor In 1880. A Liter paper, 
monthly, of this name, was established in 1903 by the First 
Bohemian Catholic Central Union as the organ of this Union. 
The editors to date are Rev. Peter Ccrveny and John Straka. 

Vox HuuANA, 1873 to date (1879): A monthly, devoted to music* 
Charles Barnard was editor, and George Woods and Company 
were publishers. 1874-1876. It was dated for Camb rid Report, 
Massachusetts, and Chicago in 1876. In 1879 Louis C. KIson 
was editor, and George Woods and Company were publishers. 

Western Journal or EotJCAXiON, 1873 todate(i876): An educa- 
tional paper, issued monthly. John W. Brown was editor and 
publisher in 1876. 

Western Sportlvc Twes, i873(?) (?): Owned by T. Z. 


Wilson's RErLECTwR, 1873 to date (1877): A monthly, devoted to 
the advertising of sewing machines. J. A. Spencer was editor, 
and the Wilson Sewing Machine Company were publishers in 
1876. In 1877 Mrs. M. H. Fuller was editor, and the Wilson 
Sewing Machine Company were publishers. 

Workers' Lamp, 1873 to date (1877): .A, monthly, devoted to 
mechanical interests. The Workers' Lamp Company were 
editors and publishers, 1874-1876. Cliarles G. Smith is men- 
tioned as a publisher in 1875. 

ZioNs Vakt, 1873: Organ of the Swedish Baptiit Church; pub- 
lished by Dr. J. A. Edgren. Short lived. 

American Aspirant, 1874 to date (1876): Edited and published 
by A. F. Bradley and Company. 

American Homes Macazdjk, i874(?) (?): An illustrated 

magazine published by Henry L. Shepard and Company. F. 
W. McClure was manager in 1874. Listed also as American 

American Miller, + May, 1874 to date : A monthly journal devoted 
to the art of flour mniing. It was published for one year at 
Ottawa before its removal to Chicago, May, 1874. It woa 



originally owned and edited by Samuel S. Chisholm, with whom 
was associated Arthur J. Mitchell, and subsequentJy, in 1876, 
Harley B. Mitchell. The American Miller Publishing Company, 
which had been the st>le of the publishers, was incorporated in 
1878, and in 1882 the style of the corporation was clianged to 
Mitchell Brothers Company, which it still retains. Mr. Chis- 
holm sold his interest to the Mitchells and retired. In 1907 
H. B. Mitchell was editor. The officers of the publishing com- 
pany arc: H. B. Mitchell, prcsidcnt; M. VV. Mitchell, vice- 
president, and A. J. Mitchell, secretary and treasurer. 

Arbeitlrfreund, i874(?) (?): German. Rudolph Ruh- 

baum was proprietor. 

Babcock Fire Record, i874(?) (?): Monthly. Edited by 

George Mathews. 

Carl Pretzel's National Weekly, 1874-1893: The title later 
contained the word lUuslrakd, to advertise its cartwns. A 
comic paper, written in German- English lingo. It made an 
appeal to a wider public than its predecessor. HaWng exhausted 
after a time his original vein, Mr. C. F. Harris, the editor and 
publisher, turned his attention to polirics. Among the contrib- 
utors were Robert G. Ingersoll and John A. Logan. The paper 
became also the organ of some secret society interests. It re- 
tained throughout its existence something of its original humorous 
character. D 

Catholic Phot, August 15, 1874 to date: A Catholic weekly. 
Edited and published throughout its existence by M. J. Cahill. 
It was listed in 1879 as Irish Leader and Pilot and in 1881 as 

Children's Voice, i874(?) (?): W. Billings was editor and 


Christian AT Work, i874(?) to date (1875): In 1874 H. H. Chan- 
dler was manager of the western branch, located in 
Chicago; C. D. Paine. 1875. 

Commercial Price Current, 1874 to date (1877): A weekly. R. W. 
Wheeler was editor; the Commercial Printing Company were 

Daily Courier, January 1, 1874, to date (1877): Issued at 8 a. u. 
Given iu the directory for 1876 as the Morninj^ Courier, daily 
and weekly. A Sunday edition, the Sunday Courier -Her aid , 
was established in 1876. The Courier Company were editors 
and publishers, 1874-1876; George I. Yeager, in 1877. The 
paper began as Independent; became Democratic. HU 

The Cross and the Sword, i874(?): Nowlan and Cunningham 
were proprietors. 


Crusader, 1874 to date (1881) : A temperance monthly. Mrs. M. 
E. DeGeer and daughter, Mrs. C. V. Waite, were editors and 
publishers from 1875 to 1879 {and after?}. 

Engineer, ARCHrrEcr, and Surveyor. 1874-1875+ : Est.^blished 
by George H. Frost and Charles J. Moore. It was changed to 

Engineering News, +1875-1879+; Establiiihed by George H. 
Frost. After one year Charles J. Moore became associated 
with Frost in editing and publishing the Ettj^itifcring Xcwi 
which was soon made a weekly. Moore's name disappeared, 
and Frost continued as editor and publisher until the office of 
publication was moved to New York at the close of 1878. 
Vols. g-i8 are entitled Engineering Xcws and American Contract 
Journal; vols. i()-$g. Engineering News and Attarkan Raiiway 
Journal. The paper is still published in New York and 
maintains a Chicago office. JC 

Field, 1874+ : Weekly. Became WH 

Field AND Stream, +:874-i876+: It succeeded the Firld, wtis 
published bi-weekly, and later became H 

Chicago Field. February. + 1876-July. 1881 : A sportsman's weekly 
newspaper and recreative journal. Its publishers have been: 
C.W. Marsh and Company, 1874-1879; Chicago Field Publish- 
ing Company, March i, iS79-July i. 1881; American Field 
Publishing Company, July 2, 1881, to dale. Edited by Marsh 
and Company to March i, 1876. March 4. 1876. Dr. N, Rowe 
assumed editorial charge and on March 3, 1877, became editor 
and manager, and continued as such until his death, March 10, 
1896. Dr. Rowe was also president and treasurer of the 
American Field Publishing Company until his death. Then 
Mrs. N. Rowe became president and treasurer of the company, 
and editor to date. From 1876 George W. Strell was associated 
with Dr. N. Rowe. was managing editor, 1886-1896, and general 
manager and editor, 1896 to date. Title was changed to 
American Field on July 2, 1881. Since 1883 the journal has 
been dated from New York and Chicago. HA 

Fra M0DERi-«tDENE, 1874 to datc (1875) ; A Scandinavian weekly. 
Albert Fougncr was general agent. 

FURNTnjRE Trade, 1874 to date (1880): Monthly. The paper 
was listed in the 1875 directory as Western Furniture Trade, 
and ui 1879 and 1880 as Furniture Trade Journal, Brackett and 
Talcott were editors and publishers 1875-1S76. The following 
year Charles E. Brackett was editor and publisher. The name of 
F.B.De Berard appears aseditorandpublishcrin 1878; Brackett, 
Ealy, and Company in 1879. Francis LcBaron was editor in 



i8So, and F. B. De Berard. publisher. The journal was then 
semi-mnnthly. It was issued .simultaneously in Chicago and 
New York in 1879. 

Gazeta Polska Katolicka, 1874 lo dale: A Polish Catholic 
weekly. In 1876-1880 John Barzj-nski was editor, and the 
Polish Fjitcrary Society were publishers. In 1907 the W. 
Smulski Publishing Company were publishers. The word Polska 
is not now a part of the title. 

Gerichtshalle, 1874 ( ?) : A German paper, edited and pub- 
lished by E. Frederick. 

Good Tidings, i874C?> (?): L. C. Collins and C. C. Maraton 

were the editors. 

Grocer, i874-(after 1879)+: A commerdal weekly. George P. 
Engelhard was editor, Hannibal H. Chandler was manager, and 
the Grocer Publishing Company were publishers, 1877-1879. 
It became 

Grocer AND Mlkcantile Rkview, +( ) after 1879 to date (i 881): 
George P. Engehard continued in the position of editor. The 
Grocer Company were publishers in 1881, with H. H. Chandler 
as manager. tTND Industrie ZEixtmc, 1874 to date (1876) : A Scandi- 
navian commercial paper. It was being published in 1876 hy 
the Hejmdal Publishing Company. 

Hejmdal^ 1874 to date {1877): A Scandinavian papc Reichel 
and Salmonsen were editors and publishers in 1875. The fol- 
lowing year ihc Hejmdal Publishing Company were publishen>. 
In 1877 the same company were publLshing the paper, and L. 
Salmonsen was editor. The proprietors for that year are given 
as Reichel and Company. This paper claimed to be "the 
largest Danish- Norwegian paper in the world." 

Hospital Bazaar. November 16-25, 1874 : Edited by Kate Newell 
Doggett in the interest of the Hahnemann Hospital Fair. J 

HvRDESTEMMEN, 1874 to date: A weekly Sunday-school paper, 
published by the Norwegian and Danish Methodists. The 
editors have been: Rev..C. F. F.ltzholtz, 1874-1878; Kcv. 
Christian Trcidcr and Rev. C. F. Eltzholtz. 1878-1880; A. 
Haagenson, 1880-1884; Christian Treidcr, 1884-1892; H. P. 
Bergh, 1892-1898; Christian Treider, 189S-1900; H. P. Bergh, 
1900 lo date. Files of the paper are available at 272 Grand ave- 
nue, Chicago. 

Illustrated Bible Studies, 1874 to date (1879) : A non-sectarian 
Sunday-school paper, publishefl monthly. Howard. Turner, 
and Company were editors and publishers, [874-1875. C. H. 


Howard and Company were editors and puliHshcrs in 1876; C. 
H. Howard was editor, C. H. Howard and Company were pub- 
lishers in 1879. 

Ikschan'ck Critic, 1874 lo date (1879); A semi-monthly, devoted 
to insurance interests. George \V. and Joseph Reed, Jr.. were 
editors and publishers, 1875-1876-. George W. Reed and George 
W. Corliss, 1877 to date (1879). The paper is given in 1879 as 
a monthly, issued from Chicago and New York. 

Chicago Jouknal of Nkbvous ani> Mental Diseases, January, 
1874-October. 1875+ : Aquarterly medical journal. J. S. Jewell 
and H. M. Bannister wcrv editors. The journal was continued 
as the 

JooRNAL or Nervods ant> Mental Diseases, + October, 1879- 


Liquor Trade Rkview, 1874 f?): Thomas Marshall was 

editor and publisher. 

Ln'E Stock anh F'roducr Reikirter, i874(?) lo date (1875): E. 
GrifTiths was publisher. The pajwr was also listed as Live 
Stock Reporler. 

Metal World. r874{ 7) - — -{ ?) : A commercial monthly, listed in 
the newspaper director)' for 1874. It was published by the Metal 
World Publishing Company. 

Millenarian. Januar>'. 1874 { ?) : Monthly. Edited and pub- 
lished by H. V. Reed. "The MUlenarian advocates the per- 
sonal return of Christ to our earth, his literal reign over Isreal 
and the nations, the resurrection of the holy dead at the com 
mcnrempnt of the Millennium, and their reign wth Christ during 
the Millennial day and beyond," etc. H 

Missions- Vannen, July, 1874 to date: Founded a^ a monthly by 
the Mission .Synod; became weekly in iSSo. Edited at first by 
A. W. Hedenschoug and L. J. Peterson, 1874-1880; .Andrew 
Hallner. i88o-i88j; A. E. Wiriistrand and Gustaf Theden; 
and later Hallner, under whom the [>apcr favored Prohibition. 
He was succeeded by John Hageslrom. The Mission Friends 
Publishing Company bought the paper in 1882. C. G. Peterson 
is manager. 

Nar Och I-jerban, 1874 lo dale (1S79): A Swedish illustrated 
monthly published at the llemiandet office, 1874-1877. Enan 
dcr and Bohman were editors and publishers, 1875-1877. C 

National, 1874 lu date (1881) : A weekly, devoted to the interests 
of the liquor trade. 



NoRDEN, 1874 to date (1881): A Norwegian paper, Republican in 
politics. Hallward Hande was cdilor, and I. T. Relling and 
Company were publishers, 1875-1880. U 

Novelist, 1874 to date (1881): A literary paper of which George 
E. Btakcly was cdilor, and the Pictorial Printing Company 
were publishers, 1879-1880. 

Den Nye Tid, 1874-after 1881 : A socialist paper started by the 
Scandtna%'ian sect of the Socialist Labor party. It was edited by 
Mr. Peterson. In 1881 apaper bearing the same name was listed 
in Aycr as established in 1877 and published by Den Nye Tid 
Publishing Company. 

Our Rest, i874-i88o(?)+ : A semi-monthly paper devoted to the 
Second Advent. The title was given in 1881 as Our Rest and 
Signs of the Timts. Thomas Wilson was editor and publisher 
in 1S73. The same was true in 1880, but in 1875 and 1876 
Thomas Wilson and H. V. Reed were the editors. 

Owl, October, 1874 (?): A literary monthly devoted to library 

Den's, brief and terse, often unrestrained and enthusiastic. Book 
notices, and other items of literary interest including cseays by 
W. F. Poole, designed to impress u\xm his readers his l>elieE 
that gi>od fiction should occupy a large place in public libraries, 
gave the paper good standing. It was edited by W. F. Poole, 
and published by W. B. Keen, Cooke, and Company, of whose 
book business the Owl seems to have been more or less the hand- 
maiden. Vol. I consists of fourteen numbers; vol. 2 begins 
with Januao', 1876. NF 

Peopu.'s Monthly, i874(?) (?): C. McKnighi was editor. 

Satubuav Evening Herald, 1874-1909+ : A weekly, devoted in 
early years to literature, art, music, and society ; and in later 
years almost exclusively to society. Lyman B. Glover was 
founder, John M. Dandy, G. M. McConnell and Lyman B. 
Glover were editors up to 1879. McConnell withdrew in 1879, 
Glover in 1886. Dandy was editor to 1893 or after. In ^876 
the Herald Publishing Company were publLshers. Kdward 
Freiberger was editor and publisher in 1907. Ernest L. Briggs, 
editor in 1909, started the IlUnois Illustrated Review, July, 1909, 
and Chicago Illustrated Review, September 15, 1909, to succeed 
the Herald. AH 

Scientific Manufacturer, 1874 to date (1875): A semi-monthly, 
published at Detroit, Michigan, dated for Chicago and Detroit. 
Thomas S. Sprague was editor and K. H. Sprague, publisher, in 
1874. R. A. Sprague was editor and publisher in 1875, and the 
paper was monthly. 



Sewcng Machine Journal, 1874 ( ?) : A monthly journal. A. 

M. Leslie and Company were editors and publishers in 1S74. 
Temple Call, i874(?) (?): Edited by Pliny P. Ravlin. 

Volks-Zeitung, Januar>', 1874-1876; A socialist paper established 
by a slock company called Social Democratic Printing Associ- 
ation, with Mr. Bnicker as editor. The paper was sold to C. 
Conzett in 1876 and was used by him in establishing Arbeittr- 

V'oBBOTE, March, 1874 to date: Established as a workingman's 
socialist organ, with Conrad Conzett as editor. The success of 
the venture led in 1876 to the purchase of Volks-Zeifung and the 
establishing of the Chuagoer A rbf iter -Zeitung, puWished three 
times a week. P. Grottkau was editor in 1879, and in that year 
the paper was taken over by the Socialistic Publishing Society. 
August Spies and Michel Schwab became editors in 1880, and 
were condemned for participation in the .so-called Anarchist 
riots in Chicago in 1886. Spies was hanged and Schwab, sen- 
tented to life imprisonmenl, was pardoned by Governor .■Mtgeld 
in i8p3. Since 1892 the jjapcr has been published by Chicago 
Arbeiter-Zcitung Publishing ComjMiny, successor to the Social- 
istic Publishing Society. 

Watchmaker ash Metal Workeb, 1874 to date (1881): Estab- 
lished as a monthly. In 1879 it was bi-monthly; then monthly 
in 1880. John H. Mather was editor and publisher, 1879-1880. 

Westen, i874(?) (?): .\n Independent German weekly paper; 

the Sunday edition of the Illinois Staais-Zeilung. It was listed 
as the Westen und Dakeim in 1 907 ; a Republican paper. Raster 
was editor, 1874-1875, and The Illinois SLaats -Zeitung Company 
were publishers, 1874-1876. U 

Western ^tANUFACTDKER. April, 1874 to date (1882): A mechan- 
ical publication issued monthly. Fox and Company were 
editors and publishers in 1875; Fox and Coyne id 1876; Coyne 
and Gilmcre in 1877; Coyne and Company in 1877-1880. H 

Western Photographic News, October, 1874 to date (1876): 

Edited and published by C. W. Stevens. 
American Trade Journal, 1875 to date (1881): A commercial 


Amerikan, 1875 to date: Bohemian. August Geringer has been 
publisher from 1875 to date. Listed in the 1877-1881 directories 
as weekly edition of Svornost (which see) . Since 1 907 it hoa been 
a bi-weekly. The paper has always been Independent. 

BtTDBAREREN, i875(?) to dale (1876): A Swedish paper ol which 
Lars C. Svendson was proprietor. 




CnutnAv UKCtmn, ift75(i0 to daie: A Unitariao wrekl/. esub- 
lUhcf) in Boston in iSai. (n 1875 it was dalcd for Clikaco. 
Rev. T. j. Mumford «ra» nlttor, Geo. H. Kllu wai budnat 
manrngrr; and the Chriitfan Rrgiittcr AMociatirm wrre pub- 
lUhen. Tn 1907 CcorKr Batchclor wu editor; the nuna luo- 
daif'in wrrc publUhcn. 

CoWMEitriAL, |875(>) 1876+1 Edited by K. Wheeler. Bj 1877 

it had been changed to 
BlAftOfK RccoEU AHii TiiAOK OF THE Wkst, +l877(?) <?): 

CoNSKHVATOfrv, |875(?)- ^^0' I'yn*". McAUastcr, and Com- 
pany' were publiftfien. 

Knteri'Uie andTimrb, i875(?) (?) + : PublLihcd for South 

Chicago by fl, L. Croodall and Company, who were also 
cdlton. Changed to 

Em-EftPBliK. +1H75 U) date (1K77): A weekly, publtftbcd for South 
Chicago by H. L. Ooodall and Company. William CafTrey 
wai editor. 

Gbain and PrOVUION Rkvip.w. 1875 lo date f 18S1) : A commcrrial 
paper. CcAe and Cumpaoy were cditoni and publisbem in 

Orrat SooTn-WMT, 187s lo date (1876): A monthly adverliwng 
vhcet. In 1876 GeorKC Rice was editor and publisher. The 
paper wua dated from Sedulia, M[*s-tnir\, and Chicago. 

OuAKniAN, 1875 (o dale (1881); An Kn|^ish and German monthly, 
nuhlfiiltcd in the intemit of the I. O. O. F. The Guardian Pub- 
llahing Company, of whlrh S. I.. Hunt wan secretary, were 
editorR and publinhrrft, 1876-1877. The name company were 
puhliMherN, 1878 1880. H. F. Holtomh wax editor, 187H- 
(879; T. H. Glenn, 1880. H 

Chicaookr HANDKi.»-Zzrnmo, 187.; 10 date (1879): A Germao 
commercial and Induttrlol weekly, claimed lo be (he only one 
in the West. C. Wcnbomc and J. LIngeulterg were editors in 
1877; Sittif; nnd Wenborne were puhlishcnt. In 1879 Hermann 
Lfcb wan editor; (he Chicago L>cmrK;rul Printing Company 
were publiahen. No report in given in the directory of 1880. 

HOTKI. WoBLi>, Auguxl, 1875 to date: A weekly class journal of 
general hotel information devoted to technical hotel literature, 
hotel ncwx, and cditurial. ExIabliNhed by l-'rank (ilfiMop, who 
waa editor and publisher, 1875-1877. William K. Smith waH 
uiociatcd with him, 1877-1879. H. j. Bohn and C'ompany pur- 
chased the paper in 1879 and continued the publicatiim to 1883. 
H. J. and C. H. Buhn, 1883-18S5; H. J. fiohn and Brother 



(Jolin J. Bohn), 1SS5 to dale. Files are in the office and in the 
Library of Coogress. 

Cbicaco Illustrated News, i875{?): W. R. Steele was pub- 

Index. i87s(?) to date (1891): A Saturday paper, devoted to fic- 
tion. C. E. Tues was editor; the Index Publishing Company 
were publishers. This paper was listed in Rowell fur 1891. 

In Door and Out. 1875 to date {1879); .^n illustrated literary 
monthly. George E. Btakely was editor, and the Pictorial Print- 
ing Company were pulilishcrs. 1876-1879. 

Insurance Press, i875(?) (?): Published by George Cohen. 

Lakeside Library, 1875-1877: The issues of this "libraiy" were 
tri-monthly pamphlets, the first of (he kind, containing cheap 
reprints uf standard ticlion. Donnelley, Lloyd, and Company 
were the editors and publishers. This was said by John R. 
Walsh to have been the lirst ten-cent "library." 

Landlord and Tenant. i875(?)-r876{?): John F. Gold inj was 
manager in 1875; FranrLn Timp.son was publisher in 1876. U 

MKRC.\NTn.K Price CirdRENT, 1875 to date (1876): \ daily and 
weekly commercial paper. The Chicago Mercantile Publishing 
Company were editors and publishers. 

MoRNiNo Star, +i87s(?) to date (1S79): .\ Baptist weekly, 
founded at Dover, New Hampshire, in 1826. According to the 
directories it was dated for Boston and Chicago, 1875-1879. In 
1875 George T. Day was editor: I. D. Stewart, publisher. G. 
K. Mosher and Kev. A. H. Huling were editors. 1876-1879; I. 

D, Stewart was publisher. 

National Farueb, 1S75 to date (1879): A monthly publication 
issued from the office of Foilory and Farm. M. E. Cole was 
editor, and Eox, Cole, and Company were publishers in 1879. 

Dailv Nkws, l)ccember 36. 1S75 to date: Established by Melville 

E. Stone, Percy R. Meggy, and William E. Dougherty. Meggy 
and Dougherty soon liecame di-scouraged and sold to Mr. Stone, 
who in turn sold to ViLlor F. Lawson in July, 1876. Later Mr. 
Stone bought a third interest in the property and conducted 
the editorial department until 1888, when he retired. Mr. 
Lawson became sole owner, and thereafter directed both the 
editorial and the business departments. In 1878 the News 
bought the Evening Poil ; in 18S1 the issue of a two-cent morning 
edition, called at first Morning News, and after 1892 Record, was 
begun; it was made one cent in 1S88. Mr. Lawson conducted 
both papers until March 28, 1901, when he sold the Record to 
the Times-Herald and the two were consolidated as Rerord- 


Heraid. The News has professed independence in politics, 
and enterprise rather than sensationalism. Its foreign special 
cable service has been a feature of its news enterprise, while 
it£ iresh-air fund, free lectures, and such undertakings indi cate 
other directions in which it has been active. HH 

Printing Phkss, July, 1875-October, 1876: A quarterly publica- 
tion for printers, journalists, and others. Edited by Henry R. 
Boss and published for the Franklin Society as a means of in* 
creasing the library of that society. In the early numbers Boss 
printed his Early Newspapers in Illinois. In the second 
volume, beginning June, 1876, three bi-monthly numbers were 
issued, and the publication was then discontinued. JH 

Progressive Farmer, 1 875( ?) ( ?) : Listed in the 1875 directory. 

Rapid Writer, +April, 1875-Novcraber, 1878+ : A quarterly 
publication "devoted to the introduction of phonetic shorthand 
as the common and universal mode of writing." The first num- 
ber was issued in Boston, June 15, 1865, and was edited by D. 
P. Lindsley. The second number, which did not appear until 
April 15, 1869, was issued from Mcndon, Massachusetts. By 
that time an office had been established in Chicago with D. Kim- 
ball as manager. Beginning with the ninth number, Rapid 
Writer waa issued at Andover, Massachusetts, and dated at An- 
dover, Boston, and Chicago. The Rapid Writer Association 
thenceforward was publisher. Through 1873 the tide was Rapid 
Writer and Philologiial Magazine; in 1874 Rapid Writer and 
Tacky grapher; beginning April, 1875, Rapid Writer; beginning 
January, 1877, Rapid Writer and Takigrajer. Early in 1875 
the office of issue was moved to Chicago; by January, 1879, i' 
was New York, though D. Kimball remained the western man- 
ager. The publication became bi-monthly in January, 1876; 
in January, 1877, monthly. J 

Real Estate Register, i875(?) (?): A monthly listed for 

1875. Sams and Furber were proprietors. 

RoLLiNo Mill Journal, i875(?): J. P. Ivcrs was editor. 

School World, 1875 to date (1876); A monthly devoted to ea 
cation. William H. Gardner was editor and publisher in 1876, 

Soi;th Lawn Trtbune, i875(?) to date (1878): Young and Row- 
ley were proprietors of this paper in 1875. John K. Rowley 
e^ted it in 1878. 

South Side Record, i875(?) (?): Owned and published by 

Vansant and Company. 

Sunday School Gem, i875(?) to date (1877) : Published by David 
C. Cook. 



SvoRNosT, 1875 to date: An Independent Bohemian paper, issued 
daily and Sunday. F. B. Zdnibek has been chief of the editorial 
staff, and August Gcringer publisher, since the )>eginning. 
Svornost is the oldest Bohemian daily in the United States. C 

Tkuperance Monthly, 1875 to dale (1876): Mrs. C. Augustus 
Haviland was editor and publisher in 1875. There is no report 
given for 1876. 

Temi'krance Record, I 87s(?) (?): Edited by John Meagher. 

Travelebs', Shippers' and MAa Guide, i875(?) to date (1880); 
W. H. Stodkcr and Company were publishers. 

Watchman, 1875 to date {1886): A .semi-monthly publication, 
devoted to the interests of the Y. M. C. A. It was a monthly 
in 1876, and edited and published by the Y. M. C. A. W. W. 
Van Arsdalc was editor and publisher, 1877-1879. In 1880 
W. W. Van .Arsdalc was editor, and F. H. Revell publisher. 
The paper was being published in 1884 and in 1886 by Van 
Arsdale. H 

Chicacoer Wespein, 1875 ( ?] : A German comic paper, issued 

weekly. Dr. A. C. Lebell was editor and publisher in 1875. 

Western .Age, 1875 to date (1876): M. Mudge was editor, and 
W. H. Peck and Company were publishers. 1875-1876. 

Western Beacon, i875(?) (?): Published monthly. 

Western Paper Trade, 1875 to dale (1884): A monthly devoted 
to the paper trade mills. The Union Bag and Paper Company 
(formerly VXHicclcr, Fisher, and Company), were editors and 
publishers from the lime tt was founded by them in 1875 un- 
til January 15, t88i, when it was bought by J. Fred Waggoner. 
It was still published by him in 1884. but had disappeared be- 
fore i8gi. H 

Western Trade Journal, 1875 to date: Issued weekly and 
devoted to commercial, financial, and mining interests. Henrj- 
Clay Brace was sole editor and proprietor until 1894, when he 
sold to Jay Smith. Smith sold the paper, in 1895, to Fremont 
Arford, who has been editor, publisher, and proprietor from 
1895 to date. The name was given in -Ayer, 1881. as WesUrn 
Trade and Export Journal. 

American Horse-Shoer and Hardware Journal, 1876 to date 
(1881) : A commercial monthly. 

American Poultry Journal, +1876 to date: An illustrated 
monthly, devoted to the interests of raisen> of thoroughbred 
poultry, turkeys, ducks and geese. Established by C. J. Ward, 
1874, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and moved lu Chicago in 1876. C. 
J. Ward was editor; Ward and Darrah were publishers. In 



18790. J. Ward, H. C. Darrah, and C W. Heaton were editors; 
Ward and Oarrah, publishers. C. J, Ward appears alone 
as editor and publisher in 1880. The paper was purchased by 
Morgan Bates in 18S8. George G. Bates bought it in 1894, and 
the .\incrii:an Poultry Journal Publishing Company was in- 
torporatc<I in 1902. In 1907 Geo. B. Bates was editor; the 
above named company were publishers. At difft-Tcnt times 
daily, wci-kiy. and semi-monthly editions have been published. H 

Appeal, 1876 to date (1880) : A bi-wcckly. jmbli.shed in the interest 
of the Reformed F.piscopal church. Bishop Samuel Fallows 
was editor; I->lward P. Bntoks and Company were ]>ubli5hers 
in 1880. 

Akbeiter Zeitiino. 1876 to date; A workmen's socialkt organ be- 
gun as a tri-weekly as a result of the success of Vorbote, a weekly, 
established by the same persons in r874. Conrad t?onzeti was 
editor unlil 1878, when he sold to the Socialist-Labor party acting 
under the name of Socialist Publishing Company. Conzclt was 
succeeded by P. Grottkau. The paper was made a dally at the end 
of 1878. .August Spies, who beiame editor in 1S80. and Michel 
Schwab, memljcr of the staff, were implitaled in the anarchistic 
riots in 1886: Spies was hanged, and Schwab, condemned to 
imprisonment for life, was pardoned by Governor .-Mtgcld in 
1893. Throughout the first week in May, 1886. the paper was 
suppressed by the pnljcc of Chicago; the compositors were 
arrested, and the printer threatened. The paper was censored 
for some time. The publishing company was incorporated in 
1892 as the Arbeitcr-Zeitung Publishing Company. A Sunday 
edition is called 1>U Fcuiifl.' jtf 

Botanical Bulletin, November, 1875-November, 1876+ : A 
monthly journal embracing all departments of botanical science. 
Established by Dr. Jt)hn M. Coulter, who was editor and pub- 
lisher. In November, 1876, it was changed, on the suggestion 
of Dr. Asa Gray, to the 

Botanical Gazette, -f November, 1876 to dale: From January, 
1S78, to January*. 1882, M. S. Coulter was associated with his 
brother as editor. When he ceased this relation in January, 
1882, C. K. Barnes and J. C. Arthur became associate editors. 
In 1886 they became co-editors with Dr. Coulter. The editors 
were also publishers until July. 1876, when the University of 
Chicago became the publisher. It has continued so to date. 
After July, 1896, associate editors were selected from the various 
institutions of America and Kurope. In July, 1900, J. C. Arthur 
was transferred from the list of editors to that of associate 

' P^r ■ dclailftd Recount of the part pUyed in the anarchistic movement fry 
thiagrgup of Yitt9tx*,9eetii<:hM\ J. S^hw^b. Anarchy and Anarchins.CbioLga, 1889. 



editors. In January, 1905, the list of associates was discontinued. 
The present editors are John M. Coulter and C. R. Barnes. JU 

Christian- Sunday Scnooi Teacher, 1S76 to date (1881): A 

monthly religious paper. 

Chronicle, i876(?): Monthly. Mentioned only in the directory 
for 1876, which gave George Alexander as editor. 

Drew's Coli-kge JoirRNAt, September. 1876 (?): An adver- 
tising sheet published monthly in the interest of Drew's Business 
College. H 

Dunton's Spirit of the Tl*rf, October 18, 1876 to date (1881): 
A weekly, devoted lo sport. Frank H. Dunton and Charles E. 
Jones were editors; F. H. Duntun was publisher in 1877. In 
18&0. Frank H. Dunton was ctlitor; F. H. and £. M. Dunton 
were publisbeib. H 

Editor's Eve, 1876 to date (1880): Clarence P. Dres-^-r was editor 
in 1880. The publishers for that year were the Editor's Kye 
Company, comprised of C. P. Dresser, F. B. Clancy, and A. 

E. Spencer. .\ local paper. 

Educational Weekly, -fDecembcr, i876-i88i(?): Formed by 
the combination of School Bttiltiin and Northwestern Journal of 
Edtualion, Wisconsin; Afkhigan Teathir: Illinois School- 
master; Nebraska Teacher; The School, Michigan ; Home and 
School. Kentucky; School Reporter. Indiana. William F. 
Phelps was the first editor. as.sociated with whom were Pk^ 
fcssor Edward Olney, University of Michigan; J. M. Gregory, 
pn.'sident Illinois Industrial University, and Newton Batcman, 
president Knox College. Wimhcll and Klein were publishers. 
By 1878 E. 0, Vaile and S. R. Winchell were editors and pro- 
prietors; S. R. Winchell and Jeremiah Mahony, editors, S. R. 
Winchell and Company, publishers, i88c; J. Fred Waggoner 
was editor and publisher in i88r. H 

Factory and Farm, 1^76 to date (1880) : A monthly of which Fox, 
Cole, and Company were editors and publishers, 1877-1880. C 

Fancy Grocer, 1876 lo dale {1879): A weekly commercial adver- 
tising sheet. Ferdinand Fish was editor, and Southwick and 
Pemberton were publishers in 1879. 

FoLKETS A\as, 1876 todate {1880) : A Danish weekly, Independent in 
politics. Myrup and Olson were editors and publishers in 1880. 
The paper was dated for Racine, Wisconsin, and for Chicago. 

FoLKETS RosT, 1876 lo date (1877): A Norwegian weekly. J. 
Ditten and joe EHcniton were editors; Joe Ellerston and Com- 
pany, puljlishers. 



Gaskell's Magazine, 1876-1887: A monthly educational maga- 
zine. A. J. Scarborough was edilor; the G. A. Gaskell Com- 
pany were publishers. 

Highway Papcbs, 1S76 to date (1&79). An evangelical monthly. 
Isaiah Rcid was editor and publisher. 

International Lesson, i876(?) todaic{i88o): A monthly of which 
Fleming H. Reveli was publisher in 1876; William fi. Jacobs in 


Irish Tribitne, 1876 to date {1881) : A weekly paper, Independent 
in politics. M. Ryan was editor; the Irish Tnbune Publishing 
Company were publishers. P. J. Rvan was business manager, 

National Demokrat, 1876 to date (1877): A German Democratic 
paper, published daily except -Sunday. George Braham was 
business manager in 1877. It was said to he the official organ 
of the city and c<:unty, to have a larger circulation than any 
other German Democratic paper in the west, and to be the only 
German DemtK'ralic paper published in Chicago. 

Old Oaken Bucket, 1876: A monthly literary publication of the 
"family story" type. E. M. Turner and Company were editors 
and publishers. 

PiiMEBov's Democrat, -f January i, 1876 to date (1880) : A weekly 
Greenback paper removed Januaiy i, 1876, from New York 
where it was founded in 1869. After January 26, 1878, the title 
was Poftteroy's lUustratird Democrat. Mark M. Pomeroy was 
editor and pubSisher. HA 

Railroad Conductor's Bbotherhooo Magazine, 1876 to date 
( 1880) : A monthly magazine of which J. Ward Boyles was editor 
and publisher, 1876-1880. 

Railway .\Gt; June 17, 1876-June, 1908+ : A weekly Journal 

devoted to the construction, equipment, operation, maintenance, 
and public relations of railways. It was first issued June 17, 
1876, by the Railway Age Publishing Company; George S. 
Bangs, president: Elisha H. Talbott. manager; Horace R. 
Hobart, editor. Mr. Talboll was the originator of the Railway 
Age and from 1878 to 1891 was president as well as manager. 
H. W. Shuey was treasurer and business manager from 
December, 18S6. In September, 1891. Harry P. Robinson 
and associates purchased Mr. Talbott's controlling interest 
and merged into the Railway Age the Xorlhweslern Rail- 
roader, which for some years had been published by them at 
Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Railway Age and Northwestern 
Railroader Company was incorporated with Harry P. Robinson, 



president; Horace R. Hobart, vice-president, and Hugh M. Wil- 
son, secretary and manager. In January, 1900, Hugh M. 
Wilson purchased (he control from Mr. Robinson and assumed 
entire business and ediloriaJ management. The properly was 
reincorporated as the Railway Age Company, with Hugh M. 
Wilson, president and manager; H. R. Hobart, vice-president; 
John N. Reynolds, second vice-president; W. H. Shuey, treas- 
urer, and T. Addison Busby, secretary. In May, 1906, the 
Railway Age Company wa,s reorganized as the Wilson Com- 
pany. The Railway Age and the Railroad Gazette were united 
June, 1908, as Railroad Age Gazette. WHJU 

Raresek, 1 876( ?) ( ?) : A Bohemian weekly edited by Reischel 

SciENCt: AND Progress, 1876 to date (1883): Listed in Hubbard's 

Newspaper Annual for 1883-1884. 

Chicagoer Socialist, 1876 lo date (1879): A German paper 
issued daily except Sunday. The Socialist Printing Association 
were editors and publishers in 1877. Robert List was manager 
in 1879. 

Sunday School Advocate, + 1876 lo dale (1877) : Established in 
Boston in 1S40. Publi^ihed weekly and semi-monthly. It ^ras 
dated for New York. Cincinnati, Boston, and Chicago in 18/7. 
Rev. J. H. Vincent was editor, and Nelson and Phillips were 
publishers in 1877. 

StJNSET Chimes, 1876 to date (1887) : A monlhly literary magazine 
of the "famity story" type. The Sunset Chimes Publishing 
Company were editors and publishers in 1877-1881. 

Teachers' Quarterly, 1876 to date (1881) : A quarterly evang.:!- 

ical paper. 
Washinctonian, January, i876-i893(?): A temperance monthly, 

edited by Daniel Wilkins and published 1^ the Washingtonian 

Home .Association. H 

Watch, 1876 (?): A bi-monthly advertising sheet. Charles 

Wendell and Company were editors and publishers in 1876. 

Western- Brewer and Journal of the Barley, Hop, and Malt 
Trades, July, i876-i907(?)-t- ; A monthly devoted lo brewing, 
malting, hop, and kindred trades. It was established by J. M. 
Wing and H. S. Rich, under the firm name of J. M. Wing and 
Company. H. S. Rich became sole owner in 1887. The com- 
pany was incorporated in 1903 as H. S. Rich and Company, who 
are still the editors and publishers. There is a branch office in 
New York. In 1 907 the name of the paper was given as Western 
Brewer, and has been so to date. J 


Review Company were editors and publishers in 1879 and until 
18S3. It was purchased in 1S83 by Hannibal H. Chandler and 
Company, of which company Hannibal H. Chandler was presi- 
dent and Edwin W. Chandler, secretar>'. It was edited and 
published by this company until April, 1909, when it passed into 
the ownership of the National Stockman and Farmer Company. 
of Pittsburg, Pa., and Chicago. Under this management the 
publication continues weekly as before. Files are available at 
the office. HU 

Good News. i877(?) (?): Monthly. 

Hardware and Impleuent Trade, i877(?) : A weekly, published 
by Tucker and Smith. 

Hardware and Iron List, i877{?) to date (1879): A. C Schooley 
was editor and proprietor, 1877-1879. 

ILLUSTBATED BooT AND Sboeist, i877( ?) ( ?) : John McGrccT 

was editor. 

Independent. i877-i88o(?); William Burgess was editor and 
publisher. "Devoted to the interests of hotel men, merchants, 
and manufacturers." H 

LvsuKANCE Herald, i877-i88o(?): Geo. I. Yeager was editor and 
the Herald Publishing Company were publishers in 1877. This 
paper was apparently started by Yeager after the Heraid was 
changed to Argus. George I. Yeager is given in the city direc- 
tories as manager, 1879-1880. 

-(?): Published by H. L. 

Seui-Weeklv Journal, 1877C?)- 
Goodall and Company. 

Journal of Sctknce, 1877 to date (1881): A scienti&c monthly 
publication. H 

Katholischeb Jugend FHEirND, 1877 to dale (1881): A German 
Catholic juvenile magazine. Rev. A. J. Thielc was editor, and 
C. M. Staiger publisher, 1879-1880. The jiaper was published 
bi-weekly 1877-1878, and weekly 1879-1880. 

Law Journal, 1877 to date (1907): Published weekly since its 
establishment by the Chicago Law Journal Publishing Com- 
pany. Judge John Gibbons was editor for a number of years, 
and was succeeded by Col. J. W. C. Jones. D. M. Hammack 
was afterwards editor. In 1907 the editor was William F. 
Denneman, LL.B. This paper is not listed in Rowcll for 1879, 
nor in Ayer for 1881. Files may be foimd at the Chicago Public 
Library, the Chicago Law Institute, and the various State Law 
Libraries throughout the country. 



Leaj, 1877 to date (1881): A commercial weekly devoted to the 
tobacco trade. J. Irving Crabbe was editor in 1 879 ; and Collins 
and HofTtnan were publUhcni. In i83o George N. Huldcraft 
was editor; G. P. Hoffman, publisher. 

Marvel, i877{?) to date (: 878): A monthly published by Spalding 
and Company in 1877. Charles E. BonncU was editor and pro- 
prietor in 1878. 

MuutOR or Fashions, February, i877(?)-i88o(?): An advertising 
sheet. Vol. 3, no. 6 is dated July 17, 1879. In 1879 J. D. 
Goodrich was publisher. J. D. Goodrich and Company were 
publishers in 1880. The paper was then listed as Th« Sfirror. H 

McsrcAL Review, April, 1877 ( ■ Edited by George B. Arms- 
trong; published monthly by the Musical Review Publishing 

Nad Ocn Sannunc, i877( ?) lo date (1880) ; Scandinavian. Ewald, 
Lindell and Skeppstedl were proprietors in 1878. In 1880 
Charles Lindel] and Rev. Carl A. Kwald were editors. 

National Board OP Trade, 1877 to date (1879): Published weekly. 
E. A. Saxby was editor in 187S; M. T. Lane was editor, the 
National Boiird of Trade Publishing Company were publishers, 

Neue Zeit, 1877 [?); A German Independent paper. It was 

the Sunday edition of the Volks Zcitung. The Chicago Press 
Society were editors and publishers. 

Norsk-Auerikanske Independent, 1877 to date (1879): A Nor- 
wegian Independent publication. O. M. Peterson, Morck and 

Company were editors and publishers in 1879. 

Northwest, i877(?) (?); Issued daily and weekly. It was 

edited by Carl Grandpr^, and published by Emil Bischof. 

Play, 1877 to date (1881) : .\ monthly devoted to drama and music. H 

Practical TEAriiER, 1877 to date (1881) : A paper devoted to edu- 
cation and issued semi-monthly except during July and August. 
It was a monthly in 1879. Klein and Kimball were editors and 
publishers in 1879-1880. 

Publishers' Monthly^ i877(?) to date (187S): Luther Conant 

was manager in 1878. 
Social Scienxe JoiraNAL, 1877-1881 : A monthly, issued by ihc 

Illinois Social Science Association and sent gratis to its members; 

Miss S. A. Richards was editor, 1879-1880. 

States, Septembers, 1877 ■(?); A Greenback weekly, with de- 
partments of literature and law. Its career seems to have been 
brief. H 


SvENSKA PosTEN, 1877+ : A Swedish semi-monthly paper edited 
by Pcler Rous. Its was soon changed to 

SvENSK.* AUERIKANAREN,' -f October,! 877 to date : Established by 
Herman Roos and Nels Anderson- Herman Roos was editor till 
June, 187S; Roos and Elmblad, 187S-1880; Flmblad, i88o- 
1884; Sundelius, C. F. Peterson and Jacob Bunggren, 1884- 

1 888 ; Bonggren, 1 888 ( ?). Nels Anderson was owner until 

1884, when he sold to P. A. Sundelius, N. P. Nclsnn, and Gabriel 
Hjcrlquist, as the Swedish American Printing Company. Frans 
A. Lindstrand acquired must of the stuck in iSSS; he sold in 
1908 to F. A. Larson. 

Chicagoer Volks-Zeitung. 1877 (?): A German Independent 

paper, issued daily except Sunday. The Chicago Press Society 
were editors and publishers in 1877. 

Western Shoe and Leather Review, 1877 tu date (1881): A 
commercial weekly. C. E. Rollins was manager, 1878-1879; 
Yeagerund McDermolt were publishers. 1879-1880; C. H. Mc- 
OcrmotI was editor, 1880; and the Western Shoe and I-eathcr 

Review Compaav were editors and publishers, i88i(?) (?). 


Young Folks Weekly, i877(.^}- ~-(.^): Published by H. N. F. 

Alarm, i878-(afler 18S4) : An English organ of the Workingman's 
party, ^^dited by A. R. Parsons, one of the notorious group of 
Chicago anarchists. 

.\llthe World Over, i878(?) (?): Mentioned in the directory 

for 1878. G. F. Thomas was publisher. 

American Antiquarian, 1878-1881 + : Established and edited by 
Stephen D. Pect. After the first three volumes the name of the 
paper was changed to American Antiquarian and Oriental Jour- 
nal, which has continued to date. It was published as a quar- 
teriy until 1884. since when it has been bi-monthly. Its inlcresis 
are Uterar)- and scientific. It has dealt mainly with the pre- 
historic works and races of America, also to less extent with those 
of Luropc, Asia, and .\frica. The co-operation of F.uropean and 
.American archarulogists. distinguished in both biblical and clas- 
sical lines of work, has secured the journal a means of maintain- 
ing a scientific basis for all that it publishes. Its pages are illus- 
trated. In 1S80 Jameson and Morse were publishers. Mr. 
Peet is now his own publisher. H JC 

American Chess Journal, 1878 to dale (1881) : A monthly, given 
up lo the problems of the game of chess. 

■ Tbli tiftpcr thould not be ooaiiued irttti » paper oi tt»o Hine nunc which wu 
eaUbUih«il in iS6&. 


AuERic.vv FuRxiTCHE GAZETTE, 1878 CO date (1881): A monthly 
trade periodical. 

American* Houeopatu. 1878-1880+ : A monthly homeopathic jour- 
nal, published in New York, dated from New York and Chicago 
until 1880. lu 1879 J. P. Mills was editor; A. L. Chatterton and 
Company were publishers. In 1880 Charles K. BUimenthal. 
M.n., was editor; the publishers were ihc A. L. Chatterton 
Publishing Company. Vols. 2 itnd 3 were called American 
Homcopaihht and later volumes, Ameritan Phyutuin. Con- 
tinued in New York until December, 1908. 

Amuskmrnt Wori-u, December 11, 1878 {?): A weekly review 

of the drama, music, and the line arts. Edited by Frank I. 
Jervis, published by William E. Smith. H 

Artist, i878(?): G. F. Thumas was editor. 

Barn-Vannen. i878-i879(?]: Rev. A. Hull was editor in 1878 
or 1879, and Charles (J. Lindell in the next year. 

BuncET, 1878 to date (1881): Brainerd and DanicU were editors; 
A. Porter was publisher. Weekly. 

Business ^fAN'aMAiiA2lN^;. i878(?) (_?); J. P. Scoit was pub- 

Call, 1S78 to date (18S1): A Sunday paper, devoted to matters of 
family interest. T. J. Morrow was edilor and publisher In 1880. 

Cbaui'ION of Faijr Play, 1878 to date: An English and German 
weekly devoted to liquor interests. Edited and published In 
1907 by R. J. Halle. 

Chapel Chbonicxe, September, 1878 (?). A monthly record 

of the mission work of the First Presbyterian church at Railroad 
Chapel. Edited by N. O. Moore. H 

CiTiEFNs' l,EAO(fF. December 14, 1878, to date (1879) : Prohibition 
rampant. Frederick D. Dalton was editor and proprietor. H 

CuNDiTOR. Koch vnv Bav:ckkr Zeitung, 1878 to dale (1879): 
A German scientific conmmcnial publication, issued bi-weekly 

at Chicago and Philadalphia. F. Lisiewski and Company were 
editors and ]}ublishers in (879. 

Conservator, 1878 to date: A Colored Republican weekly. In 
1878 Ferdinand I-. Bamcti and James E. Henderson were 
editors; in 1879 Joseph Hauser was publisher. In 1907 D. R. 
Wilkins was editor; the Conser\'ator Printing and Publishing 
Company were publishers. 

Exposition Daily Press. Fall. 1878: The oflBdal organ of the 
Inter- State Exposition, for free distribution. Published by 
Crcswell, Wanner, and Company. H 



Faederneslandet. 1878 to date (1880): A Swedish weekly publi- 
cation. Olson and Company were editors and publishers^ 

Fauily Journal, 1 Sy&i ?) { ?) : Edited by Miss C. T. Slalp. 

Farm, Field, and Fireside, 1878-1906+: An aj^cultural 
monthly, founded by R. L. V. Powis. Thomas W. Ht-rringshaw 
was publisher in 1879. Thomas Owen, Jr., and Frederick 
Hankohl were editors in 1880. and the Farm. Field, and Fireside 
Publishing Company were publishers. By 1885 the name had 
been changed to Farm, Field, and Storkman, and the paper was 
being published by a stock comjjany of which !'owHs was presi- 
dent. Gen. Charles H. Howard and James W. Wilson bought 
the paper from Powis in the fail nf 1885. From that time until 
1900 the Howard and Wilson Publishing Company issued 
the paper, with General Howard as principal owner and con- 
trolling editor. Upon acquiring the Farm, Field, and Stockman 
in 1885, the publishers immediately changed it to a weekly. 
Under the same name il was published until 1893. wlien the title 
was changed Imck to Farm, Field, and Fireside. In 1894 the 
iVcUern Rural, a weekly, which had been published some twentj 
years by Milton George, was purchased by the Howard and 
Wilson Publishing Company. The two weeklies were published 
by this company until 1900, when the business interests were 
divided. James W. Wilson took the Wesltrn Rural, sold his 
holdings in the publishing company, and it ceased tci exist. The 
Howard Company purchased the Farm, Fitld, and Fireside and 
continued its publication till May. 1905. The president of this 
company and business manager was Olis McGaw Howard, son 
of (ieneral C. H. Howard, who was the treai-urer. The secretary 
and associate editor was Miss Nina F. Howard. The Farm, 
Field, and Fireside Monthly was also published by the same com- 
pany from 1899 to 1905. Among those who ^vere connected 
w»lh the paper a number of years as agricultural editors were 
Jonathan Periam, P. H. Jacobs. Wm. B. Lloyd, and Allan S. 
Neilaon. The paper was sold to Wm. .\. Radford in 1905 and 
in 1906 it was changed to a monthly and combined with another 
paper and the name changed to the Natumal Monihiy F.rm 
Press edited by Her! erl Shearer. U 

Fashion Courier, i878(?) (?). H 

Freeman, 1878 to date (iSSx) : A Republican weekly. 

Good as Gold, i878{?) (?): Edited and published in 1878 

by Mark M. Pomeroy. 
Grapbic, 1878 to date (1895): An illustrated weekly publication. 

Hoffman and Lederer were editors and publishers in 1879. It 



was listed as a Republican paper with the Graphic Company 
editors and publishers, 1S91-1895. 

Homeopathic Record, t878(?) (?): W. F. Morrison was 

editor and proprietor. 

iNtHCATOR, 1878 to date; Established by O. L. Fox, its present 
editor and proprietor. It was first issued as an art and music 
weekly. In i>t>io it discarded art, and added piano and organ 
trade items. In 1907 it discarded music, and it has since been 
exclusively a piano and organ trade journal. 

Jewish Advance, 1878 to date (1881): A Jewish weekly, printed 
in English and German. Rev. Henry Gersoni was editor, 1879- 
iSSo, and Max Stem, publisher. H 

Journal of Freedom and Right, 1878 to date (x88i): A weekJy. 
devoted to the liquor interests. 

Living Church, 1878-1907+ : A weekly publication, devoted to 
the interests of the Episcopal church. It was established in 
Chicago by the Right Rev. Samuel S. Harris, D.D., LL.D., and 
the Rev. John Fulton, D.D. The paper passed into the hands 
of the Rev. C. W. Leffingwell. D.D., 1879, and he was editor 
and publisher until 1900. For a part of this lime Arthur P. Sey- 
mour was associated in the business management. In 1907 the 
paper was removed to Milwaukee, where it is still published, 
dated for Milwaukee, Chicago and New York. Frederic Cook 
Morehouse is editor; the Young Churchman Company are 
publishers. H 

Manufacturers' Fire Insdrancb Guide, i878(?) to date (1879): 
R. A. Waller was publisher. 

Miller's Nation AJ, Magazine, October 1878 (?): A quar- 
terly publication. H 

Chicago Mininx Review, 1878 to date: A raining and industrial 
journal published monthly. The Mining Review Publishing 
Company were editors and publishers in 1880. From 1880 to 
after 1S86 the name was given as .Ifining Revirw. By 1907, the 
paper had become the Mining Review and Meiallurgist. It was 
edited and published by Edward A. Taft. C 

MoNlTOREN, i878(?) (?).: L. P. Nelson was proprietor. 

National Laundrv Journal, 1878 to date: A .■«: mi- monthly publi- 
cation devoted to trade. Charles Dowst was editor and pub- 
lisher from the beginning. E. S. JeflFerson is mentioned as an 
editor in the city director)- for 1879. In 1907 Charles Dowst 
was editor and president of the Dowst Brothers Company, pub- 
lishers. This has remained true to date. The Journcl is "the 
first paper in the world to be devoted to the laundry trade." 


Newsboys' Appeal, iSySt?) to date (j8So): AJbert Landon and 
Company were publishers in 1878; J. J. Tobias was editor in 
1879: and Mrs. E. A. Forsyth was manager in 18S0. 

North Side Reporter, i878-(after 1880): A local ])apcr. F. W- 
Brenckle was editor and publisher: later in 1S79 Brcnckle and 
Thomas P. Getzmere were editors; Brenckle alone in i88o. H 

North-Western Comukrciai. Travklkr, 1878 to date (1881): 
A commercial monthly. It was edited and published by Hatch 
and Chase in 1879; by D. C. Chase in 1880. 

Our New Empire, 1878 tn date (1879): A monthly publication. 
E H. Briggs and W. W. Fithian were editors, and E. H. Briggs 
and Company *verc publishers in 1879. 

Our Picture GAitERV. January-Uecember, 1878+ : .\ monthly 
"for little folks." It was made up chiefly of slock wood cuts, 
with some second reader rimes and anecdotes. I'ublished by 
the Chicago Engraving Company. It was continued as H 

Picture Gallery for Young Folks, + December, 1878 to date 
(1881): A monthly publication devoted to juvenile interests. 
Mm. I). N. Bash was editor, and the Chicago Engraving Company 
were publi-ihers in 1880. 

Over Land and Sea, 1878 to date (1879) : A monthly literary pub- 
lication. The Over Land and Sea Company were editors and 
publishers in 1879. 

Pamphlet Mission, March-August. 1878+ ; At the end of the first 
volume of six monthly numbers this paper changed its form and 

Unity, + September, 1 878 to date : A paper devoted to (he interests 
of the Unitarian church. At first issued monthly, it became 
semi-monthly in 1879, and weekly in 1885. In 1878 it was 
managed and edited bv a committee of five: Rev. Robert Col- 
tyer. Rev. J. Lloyd Jones, Rev. W. C. Gannett. Rev. C. W. 
Wendte, Rev. J. C. Leonard; Miss Frances L. Roberts was 
business agent. Rev. H. M. .Simmons became managing editor 
in 1S79. In i88t Rev. J. L. Junes became editor. From 1881 to 

1885 Unity was published by the Culgrovc Book Company ; from 

1886 to 1893 by Charles H. Kerr and Company; from 189.3 to 
dale by the Unity Publishing Company. Charles H. Kerr be- 
came office editor in 1886. with Jenkin Lloyd Jones. David N. 
Utter and James V. Blake resident editors. Jenkin Lloyd Jones 
and W. Kent were editors, and the Unity Publishing Company 
were publishers in 1907. This periodical was published for a 
time, several years ago, with the title Tim Xcw Unity. Files 
are available at the Abraham Lincoln Centre, Chicago, and at 
Meadvillc College, Pennsylvania. HCW 



Plattdeutsche Zeuung, 1878 10 date (i88i): A German weekly. 
Edward Cook was editor and publisher in iSSo. 

Railway Enterprise, iS78C?)+: Published by Day K. Smith. 

It was apparently combined in 187S or 1879 with Railroader^ 

and continued as 
Railroader and Rallway Enterprise, +i878(?) todate(i879): 

Issued monthly. It was dated fmm Chicago and Toledo in 1879. 

The Railroader Publishing Company were publishers. 

Railway Master Mkchanic, 1878 to date: A monthly devoted to 
the interest"! of railroads. O. H. Reynolds was edilnr, and Bruce 
V. Crandall Company were publishers until February, 1909, 
when they sold to the Railway List Company, which now pub- 
lishes the paper, with L. F. Wilson as editor. U 

Railway PuRCHASiNc Agent, i878-Januur^' 1. 1886+ : Edited and 
published by \Villu,rd A. Smith Id 1879. Smith and Cowles were 
publishers in 1880. United with Rail-way ^{asler Afechanic, 
January 1, i886. Willard A. Smith was publistier in 1886; the 
B. V. Crandall Company were publishers in 1889, followed by 
the Railway Purchasing Agent Company, with E. N. Lewis as 
manager. Walter D. Crusman appeared as editor February. 
1890, and a few months later as manager of Ihc editorial depart- 
ment; Waldo H. Nfarshall, editor. 1892-1895; Railway LUt 
Company, publishers, Walter D. Crosman, editor, 1896-1900. 
William E. McGraw became manager in 1900; Bruce A. Cran- 
dall has been editor and publisher, 1900 to date, with various 
editors under him. J 

Railway Times, 1877 to date (1881) : A weekly, devoted to the in- 
terests of railroads. 

Real E.state Journal anu Weekly Bulletin, i&jSCi) ( i*) : 

Published by the Bulletin Printing Company. 

ChicagoRibbox Review, March 34-October(?),i878-f- ; ''Devoted 
to temperance, science, literature and art." Published weekly 
by the Ribbon Publishing Company. In the thirty-second 
number the name had been changed to H 

Chicago Review. +October(?), 1878 to dale (1879): A weekly 
devoted to temperance. W. C. Crum was editor and publisher 
in 1878. Charles C. M. Salvesen was editor and proprietor in 
1879-1880. H 

ScHiBBOLOTH, i878(?) ( ?) : Published by Lindabl and Setter- 


Sentinel, 1878 to date (1881) : A weekly Greenback paper. Sey- 
mour F. Norton was editor and publisher, 1879-1880. 

Socialist, 1678: An English organ of the Socialist Labor party, 


with Frank Hirth as editor, and A. R. Parsons assistant editor. 
Because of party strife tlic paper failed within tbe year, and Par- 
sons became editor of Alarm. 

Daily Telegraph, March 2, i87&-May 9, 1881 -f: Established 
by S. F. Norton as an organ of the Greenback-Labor party. 
Aiter a few months William T. Collins purchased a large interest 
and made the paper Democratic. In the spring of 1S81 the 
property was secured by the projectors of the Morning Herald. 
The last issue was dated May 9, i88t. The Herald began May 
10 with Frank W. Palmer as editor-in-chief, with Will D. Eaton 
as assistant, and J. W. Scott publisher and business manager. 
In 1883 Palmer retired; John F. Ballenlyue became editor, with 
Slason Thompson and David Henderson assistants. Up to this 
time the Herald had been Republican; it now became Inde- 
pendent, with Republican proclivities. In August, 1S83, John 
R. Walsh bought a controlling interest, which he, with James 
W. Scott and A. V. Hatch, held until after 1892. With this 
change in ownership the Herald became Democratic, with Mar 
tin J. Russell as editor, assisted by Horatio W. Seymour. After 
two or three years Seymour became editor, and continued to 
serve as editur until March 4, 1S95, when the ficruld was com- 
bined with the Times, and the two were continued in the Times- 
Herald until March 28, 1901, when this paj^er was combined 
with the iierord as Record- Herald. (See pp. 66, 127.) H 

TiLSKUEREN, 1S78 to date (1880) ; A Scandinavian paper published 
monthly. Louts Pio was editor and publisher, 1879-1880. 

Vehdens Gang, 1878 to date: A Norwegian- Danish weekly Inde- 
pendent paper. In 1880 Nels Sampson and Company were 
editors and publishers. The Verdens Gang Company were 
publishers in 1907 and arc still so. 

VoLKSPiiEUNo, 1878 to date (iSSo): Published daily and Sunday. 
The Votksfreuud Publishing Company were editors and pub- 
lishers in 1880. Edward Runnel was managing editor in 1879. 

Western ENiERrRiSE, i878(?) (?): A monthly literary publi- 
cation, edited and published by John J. Sullivan. 

WESTLiCHEScnuTZE undJagdZeitunc, 1878 (?): A monthly 

German publication, devoted to sport John J. Pinzcl was 
editor and publisher in 187S. 

Witness, 1878 to date (1881): An evangelical weekly. Rev. 
Thomas J. Lamont was editor and publisher, 1879-1880. 

X. Y. L. N. T. Journal, i878(i^ (?); Published by Henry 

Abbott's United States Monthly, X879-1&84. 




Mtha, i879(?) (?): An insurance publication, edited by Ira J. 

Mason. Although the issue for November 15, 1S79 is labeled 
vol. 12, no. I, there is nothing to indicate that any numbers 
preceded this one. H 

Agricdlturz and Family Gazette, iSygC?) (?): Mentioned 

only in the directory for 1879. Ray Lespinasse was manager. 

Amatfpr's JotTHNAi,, 1879 ( ?) : An amateur paper edited 

and published by Henry F. Donohoe. 

AifERiCAN CoNTRACTOB. 1 879 to dale: A monthly devoted to trade, 
especially to furnishing "advance reports of building projects 
before the dosing of contracts. B. Edwards and Company were 
publishers, 1895; American Contractor Company in 1899. H. 
A. Beckel was editor, and the American Contractor Publishing 
Company were publishers in 1907. 

Amehican Graphic, 1879-1905: A society monthly. 

American Stockman, 1879 to date (1881): A stock jouraal, edited 
by E. W. Perry, published by the American Stockman Com- 
pany; daily, scmi-weekly, and weekly in 1880; weekly in 1881. 

BcBLE Class Scholar, 1879 to dale (1881) : An evangelical quar- 
terly publication. 

BnoKSELLER AND STATIONER, 1879 to date (1881) ; A trade monthly. 
J. Fred Waggoner was editor and publisher in 1879 and r88c. 

BiraDE.s Banner, 1879 to date (1881): A German evangelical 
monthly. Rev. J. D. Severinghaus was editor; Severinghaus 
and Company were publishers. 

Carnival Herald, April 15-29, 1879. An eight-page daily, pub- 
lished for two weeks. Edited by Mrs. Elizabeth Boynton Har- 
bert, and published in the interest of the Women's Christian 
Association, Llinois Industrial School for Girls, Chicago Wo- 
men's Christian Temperance Union, Chicago Hospital for 
Women and Children, Half Orphan Asylum, Foundlmgs' Aid 
Society. H 

Catholic News, i879(?): Henry F. Donohoe was editor and 

CoiocERCiAL Chronicle, i87q(?) : M. T. Lane was editor. 

CoicUERCiAL Graphic, 1879 to date (1880): A weekly, edited and 
published by W. L. Fawcctt. 

CoNnucTOR's Magazine and Repositoby, i879(?); J. Ward 
Boylcs was editor. 

Day Spring, i879(?) to date (1880): A monthly of which F. H. 
Revell was editor and publisher. 


Druggist Ain> Paint and Oa Review, October. 1879 (?): A 

commercial monthly. G. H. Engelhard was editor, H. H. Chan- 
dler, manager. H 

Fackel, t&79 to date: A socialist publication, the Sunday edition 
of the ArbcitcrZcUung. The item of chief interest connected 
with thih paper is its relation to the anarchist riots in 1886. J 

Famalje Altaret, i879(?) O)'- ^^- A- Hull wa-s editor. 

Figaro. 1879 to date (r88o) : A comic paper, issued Sundays. Paul 
Gelefi was editor and publisher. 

Fireman's Journal, i879(?) to date (1880): C. N. Bishop was 

Folke-Vennen, 1879 to date: A Norwegian Lutheran monthly, 
published by Rev. J. Z. Torgerson. 1879-1881. It was pub- 
lished, 1881-1903, as a Dano-Norwirgian non-sectarian weekly, 
by W. Mortenson and Company. Since 190,1 il has been con- 
tinued by the Folke-Vennen Publishing Company, with L. Crook 
as proprietor and editor. 

Morning Herald, March 17, 1879 (?): According to Moses 

and Kirkland, this paper introduced itself to ''the Democrats of 
Chicago and the Northwt-st as a zealous champion of their 
principles and leaders." A copy of the first numljer is in the 
library of the Chicago Historical Society. (This is not the 
Morning Herald that was consolidated with the DaUy Telegraph.] 


Hours of Recreation, 1879-1881: A literarj* publication, issued 
monthly, except July and August. T. S. Dennison was editor 
and publisher in 18&0. Classed as literary, but it was hardly 
a literary magazine, as it was made up chiefly of extracts for 
platform speaking and reading; plays, debates, model letters, 

Illustrated Champion. 1879: "A journal of progress in the 
agricultural and mechanical arLi," published without serial 
number by Warder, Mitchell, and Company in Springfield, Ohio, 
and Chicago. Its primary function was to advertise Champion 
binders. H 

Chicago Illustrated News, September, 1879--^ — -{?): A semi- 
monthly advertising paper issued in connection with the Inter- 
State Industrial Exposition. Published by J. Ward Boyles. H 

Illustrated Teuperance Tales, i879( ?) to date {1880) : Monthly. 
Fleming H. Revell was editor and publisher. 

Illustreret Familieblao, 1879 to date (18S0). C 

[risk FREEUA.K, 1879 todate (1S80): Edited and published weeklv 
by W. J. MaskeU. 



IsHAFLmscHE pRESSE, iSjgC?) lo date (1&80): N. B. Ettelsobn 

wa blisher. 
Jewel Journal, November, 1879 to date (1881): Monthly. H 

Lapies' otTRNAL OF FASHIONS, i879(?) ( ?) : W. L. Crossar 

was manager. 

Lakeside Watch, 1879 to date (1880): A monthly publication, 
devoted to mechanics. W. C. Vosburgh was editor and pub- 

Library Record, October, i879-i884(?): Published, at intervals 
of three weeks, in the interest of the Union Catholic Library As- 
sociation. An earlier series, without serial numbers, was issued 
in 1876 and 1877. H 

Litehary Review, April, 1879 (?): Edited and published 

monthly by C. E. Walker, and intended to be a review of and 
an aid to the various literary .societies of Chicago, of which the 
editor estimated there were two hundred and 6.fty. At the be- 
ginning of the second volume the title was changed lo Literary 
and Musical Review, and a musical editor was added to the staff. 


Merchants* Bulletin, i879(?) to date (1880) : Jerome Chapman 
was publi-sher, 1879-1880. 

Musical Bulletin, 1879 to dale (1881). C 

Nahonal Harness Review, 1879 to date: A monthly publication 
devoted to saddlery and collateral trades. In 1881 it was 
changed to a semi-monthly, but in January, 1899, it became a 
monihly paper again. Jefferson Jackson has been editor and 
publisher from the beginning to date. The Review"is the oldest 
exclusive harness trade journal in the world." 

New Overland Tourist, i879(?) (?): Published by ihc 

Overland Publishing Company. 

Northwestern Illustrated Mechanical Journal, i879(?): 
Listed only for 1879. 

Pravda, i879(?) (?): Published by Joseph Langmayer. 

Railway Advertising Bulletin, August 4. 1879 (?): A daily 

advertising sheet, in the form of a newspaper, distributed gratu- 
itously on the train.s of four important railroads. C. H. Shaver 
was editor and publisher. H 

Real Estate and Mining Review, i879(?)-^^?): H. W. West 
was manager. 

Sewing Machine Advance, 1879 to dale: A monthly, devoted to 
sewing machine trade interests. Established by A. M. Leslie 
and Walter Scates (A. M. Leslie and Company). Since the retire- 


meat of Mr. Leslie in iSSt, Mr. Scates has continued the publi- 
cation to date. 

Signal, 1879 to date (iSSi); A weekly devoted to temperance. Mrs. 
Mary B. Willard was editor and publisher in 1879. 

SoKOL AuERiCKY, January 10, 1879 **> date; A monthly paper, 
the official organ of the United Bohemian Gymnastic AsstxJ- 
ations in the United Slates. Established under the editorship 
of CI. Reisl., Later editors have been J. Hdjek and August Vol- 
ensky. Jos. Cermdk, Dr. K. Stullk. Ant. Haller. The editorial 
staff in 1904 included Dr. J. RudiS JiJfnskC, Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa, managing editor; Jos. CermAk, Chicago, .Ant. Haller, 
Chicago. With the same editorial organization, the paper has 
been published since the beginning of 1909 by the National Print- 
ing and Publishing Company. The title means American 

SPiBirtTAL Record, January, 1879 to date (1880) : "Published under 
the auspices of the First Society of Spiritualists of Chicago, con- 
taining discourses and poems through the mediumship of Mrs. 
Cora L. V. Richmond and other matter pertaining to the spiritual 
philosophy." It was published by Griffen Brothers. Collins 
Eaton was secretary of the society. H 

Western Clothing, FuRNtsmNG, and Hat Reporter, 1879 to 
date (i88i) : Monthly, devoted to commercial interests. Charles 
H. Moore was editor and publisher in 1880. 

Western College Magazine, 1879-January, 1906-!- : A monthly, 

devoted to inter-collegiate interests. In January, 1906, the name 
was changed to the Anieruan Educational Review, and the scope 
ol the magazine broadened to include a treatment of the progress 
of higher education throughout the countr}*. The magazine is 
published by the American Educational Company. 

Western CoNpEcnoNER and Baker, January, 1879 to date: A 
trade monttily. This paper was started in 1875 as a price list 
for a supply house. It gradually developed until it passed out 
of the hands of the supply house, and in Januaiy, 1879, appeared 
as a journal of instructive matter and general news to both con- 
fectionery and baking interests. J. Thompson Giil was editor 
and publisher, 1879-1880. Later, the Thompson Publishing 
Concern bought the paper, which it has edited and published to 
date, with T. O. Thompson as editor and manager. For sev- 
eral years past it has been devoted mainly to confectionery inter- 
ests. The name seems to have become Conjedumer and Baker 
after some years of the paper's existence. 




Western Drcggist, 1879 to dale: A monthly, devoted to phar- 
maceutic interests. G. P. Engelhard and Company have been 
editors and publishers from 1879 to date. (See Pharmacist.) 

Western Educational Journal, 1879 to date (i58i): A monthly 
educational journal. J. Fred Waggoner was editor and pub- 
lisher in i83o. 

Western Magazine. 4-j879-March, 1882+ : It had Ijeen founded 
three years t>efore at Omaha. Upon its being brought to Chi- 
cago, Mrs. Helen Elkin Starrett became the editor. It was, 
according to the sub-title, "a literar>' monthly." It con- 
tained departments designated as " Original " and '' Eclectic," 
devoted to literary and historical matters; also, later, a depart- 
ment called the "Club." consecrated to social and economic 
interests. The broad and progressive policy of the magazine 
won general approval, and when by merging with the AUiance 
in 1882 it added Rev. David Swing to its list of regular con- 
tributors, its outlook was more than ever promiang. The 
Weekly Afagaziru published its first number May 6, 1S82, an- 
nouncing that "We have believed from the first that there is 
need and a demand for a low-priced periodical to supply a kind 
of reading differing like the magazinu from the newspaper in its 
greater dcliberateness and eamcslncss, and yet without those 
qualities of cumbrousness and cxtcnsiveness common to the 
magazines." Although many contributors of high rank were 
engaged, under the same bu.siness management that ruined the 
Aliitimc, the new Weekly Magazine ended its career in bank- 
ruptcy in 1884. WH 

Western Stationxr and Printes, 1879 (?): Published by 

J. SawtellFord. 

Western Undertakkr, 1S79 to date : A monthly devoted to under- 
taking, embalming, funeral directing, sanitation, and kindred 
.subjects. Published by the F. H, Hill Company until it was 
purchased by Herbert S. Fassett, who has been editor and pub- 
lisher since March. 1897. 

Youth's Evangelist and Little Preachkr, i879(?) (?): A 

Sunday school paper. Rev. A. T. McDiIl was editor ; Morrison, 
McCoy and McDIll were publishers. Several scattered numbers 
for 1879 in the Chicago Historical Society library arc included in 
volume 21, thus fixiiig the dale of establishment as 1859. Since 
this paper is nowhere found dated earlier than 1879, it seenis 
probable that it was founded elsewhere and moved to Chicago 
in the late seventies. H 

ISO atlNOIS inSTORICU. colxections 


Son, 1854-1855: Established by Mr. Hopkins. Issued weekly for 
about twelve months, when the plant was moved away. 

IWDEPENDENT^ i856-i86i( ?) ; KstablUhcd by Samuel Jamison. 
After about two years Jamison was succeeded by Samue! Spell- 
man, who continued publication two or three years, when the 
plant was moved away. 

CmzEN, 1867-1870+ : Establishrd by J. W. Wolff and H. Casson, 
Jr., who ran the paper three or four years and then turned it over 
to A. M. Gibbon.s, who changed the name to 

Democrat. + 1870-1872 -t- : Conducted for about a year and a half 
by A. M. Gibbons, whec it became 

Times, +1872-1874+ ; Established by Rev. Burdick, who ran it 
two years. Sold to Rev. S. H. Brown, who changed the name to 

Christian Gleaner, +1874-1876: Sold to W. J. Luckens, who 
ran the paper until 1876. 

Democratic Union, i87a-i873: Conducted by Bell and Wilson. 
Printed at the office of the Lacon Statesman. 

Reporter, i874-(after 1881): Spencer Ellsworth, editor and pub- 
lisher, 1875. Edited by J. I- Kennar and published by Kcporter 
Company, 1876-1S79; L. Ballou, 1880; E. A. Mitchell, 1882; 
Frank Andrews, 1884. Printed at the office of the Lacon Home 


Enterpbise, December, 1875-1876: Kstablisbed by Biddlecome 
and Matheney. Suspended after a year. 

Leader, i876-i878(?): Established by Jacobs and Thompson. 

Continued about eighteen months. Democratic. 
Progress, 1878; Established by Payne and Son. The elder Payne 

was a Baptist minister. 
Advance, i879-{after 1881) : Independent. 


TiuES, i87Q-(after 1881) : A local paper, mentioned in Ayer's A'cwj- 
papcr Directory for i88i. 


Standard, 1866 or i867(?): Estabb'shed by Captain Ben W. Mc- 
Coy. The issue for November 3. 1868, is vol. 4, no. 13. and was 
published by T. J. Mitchell. V. K. Strother was a later owner. 
Strongly Republican. 

( ?): A paper edited by Dr. J. W. Potter. 



Journal, June. iS6&-i873(?); PublLshedby O. L. and £, E. New- 
ton. Rowell gives 1S71 as date of establishment. 

.•\DVANCE, 1873-1873: Ben W. McCoy, editor and publisher. 

Enterprise, May, 1878 to date: Established by R(;v. P. L. Turner. 
In November, 1879, he was succeeded by his sons, Charles E. 
and Frank Turner. In 1880 they sold to I*". K. Strothcr and Son. 
Turner Brothers, then Tom L. Heirs, were later owners. J. L. 

Staker bought the paper in and has conducted it ever since. 


Record, 1879 (?): Owned and published by J. E. Hartmao. 


Register. iB63-(aftcr r88i): .\ Republican paper is.sued from the 
office of the Carlylc Union Banner, and edited by J. W. Peterson. 


Weekly, 1869-1870: J. Harlow, editor; Lowe and Gilson, pub- 
lishers. Printed at the office of the Onarga Revtrw. 

Weekly, 1873-1875: M. B. Parmenter, editor and publisher. 

Reporter, 1875-1879: A. B. Cummings was editor and publisher 
in 1879. Printed at the office of the Chebanse Herald. Inde- 

Enterprise, 1877; A semi-monthly Independent paper published 
by the Enteqirise Printing Compan). 


DeWitt Courier, i 854-1 857: Established and edited by S. H. 
McEIheney and R. A. Mills, 1854-1855, Mr. Mills and A. J. 
Back, 1855 ; Russell F. Jones, 1855 ; Mr. Jones, editor and Paul 
Watkins publisher, 1855-1856; Mr, Walkins from 1856 until it 
was destroyed by fire in 1857. The paper was neutral xmtil 
185s ; after that lime Democratic. 

Central Transcriit, 1856-1862+ : Edited by John R. Blackford 
and Isaac N. Coltrin, 1856-1857; Mr. Blackford, 1857;, Mr. 
Coltrin and B. F. Jones, 1857-1858; Mr. Coltrin and W. De- 
Lay, 1858-1859; Mr. Coltrin and Joe Prior, 1859-1861; Mr. 
Coltrin and A. J. Blackiord, 1861; Mr. Coltrin and James M. 
DcLay, 1861-1862; M. M. DcLcvb and O. F. Morrison, :86a. 
These men consolidated it with the Pana Publii and changed the 
name to the Clinton 

PCBUC, Junei,i862-July 3, 1863-1- : Formed by the con.solidation of 
the Weekly Central Transcript with the FannPttblit. Messrs. M. 
M. DeLevia and O. F. Morrison had purchased the Transcript, 
May 30, 1862, and, moving their office of the Pana Public to 




Clinton, June :, 1862. they continued publication of their paper 
as the Clinton Public. Coltrin was concerned in the editing of 
the paper, which soon was renamed the U 

DeWitt County Public and Central Transcsipt, +July 2, 
i863-i882(?): Mr. DeLevis was sole editor and proprietor. 
For some time after April. 1869 a Mr. Van Slykc had a half 
interest, but DcLevis reassumcd complete control, which he kept 
until March 31, 1870, when he sold out to GeorgeB. Richardson. 
March i, 187a, the latter sold to Richard Butler, who was still 
editor and publuiher in 1S83. Republican in politics. 

DeVVitt County Deuoceiat, i8i;S-i859: Edited by E. F. Camp- 
be)! and E. D. King. 1858; William Fuller, 185&-1859. It was 
destroyed by fire. Democratic. 

Vindicator. 185S: Edited by J. M. Prior in the interest of Douglas's 
election. Its publication ceased after the campaign. 

Union, 1863: Established by Joseph M. Prior. .August 30, 1863; 
neutral in politics. Publication was al)andoned after several 

Times, May 11. 1866-1867: EsUblished by A. J. Bel! and 
Thomas J. Sharp. Democratic in politics. August 17, 1866, 
Mr. Bell retired and Mr. Shaqj continued publication until the 
spring of 1867, when he removed the press and material to Maroa, 
Macon county, and there issued the Maroa Titttes. 

DEVVm Register. 1868-1870+: Established May 29, 1868, by 
Jason Blackford, who remained in charge until Noveml*cr 27, 
1868; William L. Gles.sner, editor, and C. C. Stone, publisher, 
November 27. 1868-September 15, 1873; they changed the 
name to 

Clinton Register, +1870 to date: It was continued by Glessner 
and F. M. Van Lue, September 15, i873-.\ugust 7, 1874; 
Glessner, August 7, 1874-October i, 1881; H. Waggoner and 
Son, October i, 1881-Septcmber 28, 1885, when they were suc- 
ceeded by Hughes Brothers (G. W. and Perry Hughes). N. R. 
Hughes succeeded Perry Hughes January 1, 1904, and the paper 
has been continued under the firm name of Hughes Brothers. 
Democratic in politics. U 

Temperance Gazette, October 17. 1869 (?). 

DeWitt County G.azette, March 28. 1875: Established by Joe 
M. Prior. The office was closed after six months. Republican. 
The material was purchased at auction by Mr. Anderson, and 
was used by him in starting the 




DeWitt County Messenger, 1875: After a brief existence this 
paper was discontinued and the office moved by Anderson to 
Windsor, Shelby county. Therefrom was issued May 25, 1875, 
the Windsor Sentinel. 


Enterprise, 1877: Charles E. Judy, publisher. IndepcndenL 


Independent, i873-(afler 1882); H. H. Stevens was editor and 
publisher in 1882. Greenback, then Independent. 


Argus, 1871-1880: The Union Publishing Company were proprietora 
and A. W. Angier, editor. At the end of the first volume L. D. 
Caulk became editor; the paper was then owned by the Collina- 
vilie Publishing Company. Caulk was succeeded by Anton 
Neusladt, who became editor and proprietor. In 1878 Con- 
nolly and Johnson became proprietors. Id 1879 Connolly 
retired; in ci}?ht months publication was suspended. Republican 
until 1878. then Independent. 

Liberal Democrat, 1873-1878: Started by A. W. Angier. in 
1878 the presses were moved to EdwardsviJlc. Democratic. U 

Weekly Herald, i879-(after 1884) : James N. Peers was the first 
editor and publisher. In rSSa edited by William A. Garasche; 
in 1884 by James N. Peers. Independent. 


Times akd Seasons: See Nauvoo. 

Record, i878-(after 1884): Established March (?), 1878, by E. 
G. Cass and J. B. Gardner. Printed at the office of the Lee 
County Timts, Paw Paw. The paper has been discontinued. 


Veemluon News. 187 i : F. D, Ualton was editor and publisher. 
Printed at the office of the Streator Monitor. Independent. 

Journal, 1873 : T. W. Coe was editor. Printed at the office of the 
Wenona Index. 


Chronicle, 1879-1880+: Established by John \. Wall. The 
office equipment was brought from Pinckncy%'illc. In 1880 it 
passed into the hands of Messrs. McFie and Childs, who changed 
the natnc to Headlight. McFic's interest was purchased by his 




Herald, 1876: J. F. Homer and Son were editors and publishers. 


TrwES, 1872-1886. Established by Isaac B. Beckford, editor and 
publisher, who retired in 1874, and it was managed for several 
months by I.. H. Post of the DeKa'b Nrws. In 1875 Dr. H. C. 
Robbins became editor and publisher. In 1877 he sold to D. C. 
Necdham, who a few months later sold to Granviile W. Morris. 
The Titnes list went to the Rochelle Heraldin 1886. Indepen- 


Enterprise, December, 1875 to dale (1878): Established and con- 
ducted by C. E. Carter; later by Carter Brothers; then by 
Carter and Tillotson. "It is Independent in politics and reli-' 


Farmers' Advocate, 1S73-1875: " The oflidal organ of the Reform 
movement in Stephenson county." T. J. Allen was editor and 

publics her. 


Stab of Dallas, 1859-1861 : Its first editor was Francis .^shton, 
and the second was Mr. Trueblood. It supported the nomi- 
nation of Douglas for President. 

Hancock Democrat. 1869-1872: Removed from Carthage by G. 
M. Child in 1869, and continued by him until his death. It was 
revived for a short time in 1S72-1873 by J. F. Taylor. 

Advocate, 1875 (?): Established by Mason and Murphy. 

Sold in June, 1876. to Waller B. Loring. 

Sucker State, 1874 : Established by Penn Harris. Only two num- 
bers issued. Democratic, 

Monitor, ( ?) ( ?) : Issued by W. C. Brown. Continued 

for only a few months. 

News, April, 1878 to date (1880) : An Independent paper conducted 
by E. H. Thomas. 


Local Times, 1874: Established by W. Pritchelt. Short-lived. 

Herald, 1876 to dale (1S81): In 1879 edited and published by W. 
Pritchett; R. M. Pritchelt. 1880. An edition for Dana of the 
Minonk (Woodford county) Blade. 




Independent, March 1879 (?): Established by Dr. D. C. 

Gideon and George Bunn, editors and owners. Soon after the 
first issue Mr. Bunn withdrew, leaving Dr. Gideon sole editor 
and proprietor. J^uspendcd before 1S82. 


Enquires, 1833 (after 1837): Its first editor appears to have been 
John S. Williams. In the years 1836 and 1837 Messrs. Delay 
and Loveless appear as editors. Then: is an incomplete file of 
this paper b the Danville Public Librarj'- P 

Patriot, about 1847 : A Whig paper edited by D. Clapp. Listed 
in Illinois Annual Register for 1847. 

Iu.inois Citizen, 1849 (?); A WTiig paper established by J. 

Holh'ngsworth; later it was edited by A. Y. Harrison. Men- 
tioned in Gerhard for 1856, and in Coggeshall for the same year. 

Independent, 1856 —{■)'■ Among its editors were Messrs. 

McKinlcy and Blackford; J.B.McKinley; andJ.E.Lemon. P 

Vermillion County Press, 1857 ( ?) : Among its editors were 

James D. Kilpalrick, 1858; Messrs. Kilpatricl: and Lemon, 
1859; James D. KJlpatrick. 1859. Vols. 2 and 3 are in the Dan- 
ville Public Library. P 

Spectator. 1859 ( ?) : Its editor was A. J. Adams. P 

Commercial, 1866-1903+ : Edited by Park T. Martin; published 
by the Commercial Company. A daily edition was established 
in 1878. In i88a P. C. Cronkhile was editor. In 1903 the 
Ccmmenial was merged with the Newi as the Commercial News 
and John H. Harrison became editor. Republican. A com- 
plete file is owned by John H. Harrison. PU 

Times, 1868 to dale (1879} : Edited and publi-ihed by A. G. Smith. 
A daily edition was established in 1875. Independent. PU 

Advertiser, 1869: A monthly advertising sheet issued by Robert 
C. Holton. 

Argus, 1871-1874: Established by R. C. Holton. Edited and pub- 
lished by Miller and Conlin, 1873; Argus Company, 1874. 


Siege, 1873; Established by W. R. Jewell, editor and publisher. 

Republican. Semi-monthly. 

News, 1873-1903+ : Estabhsbcd by W. R. Jewell and edited by 
bini until, in 1903, the News and Commercial were merged as the 
Cotumercial News, with John H. Harrison as editor. Published 


by the Illinois Printing Company until 1890; then by W. R. 
Jewell, who became sole proprietor. A dally edition was begun 
in 1876. P 

Deutsche Zeitung, April. 1877. to date: Established by Carl C. 
Winter and published and edited by him until his death in 1897, 
when his Kidow, Mrs. .Anna Winter, became uwnerand publisher. 
In 1898 she sold the paper to Carl Weipcrt, who died in igoo. It 
was then Ixiught by Walter J. Grant and M. F. Keegan. After 
numerous changes William E. Bryant took charge as editor and 
manager in 1907 and owner in 1910. Independent. 

National Era, 1S78 to date (1879) : Edited and published by Wil- 
liam E. Livengood. Greenback. 

Post, 187S ( ?) : Jacob.s and Thompson were editors and 

publishers. In 18S0 W. M. Bandy was editor^ Danville Post 
Company, publishers. Democratic. 

Farurrs' Advocate, 1870-1871: Lyman Guinipp was editor and 
publisher of this short-lived advertismg sheet. 

Messenger 1875: J. W, Biddlecome and Company were editors 
and publishers. Semi-monthly. 

Sunday Bourbon, 1879: Fbocian Howard was editor and pub- 
lisher. Democratic. 


Gazette, 1870-1872; Edited and published by Allen and Snyder, 

1871; edited by W. A. Colby, published by Colby Brothers, 

Budget, 1873-1877 : Edited and published by Siabeck and Phillips, 

1874; K. T. Stabeck, editor and publisher, 1875; Stabcck 

Brothers, 1876. In 1877 it was published by Stabeck Brothers 

simultaneously at Davis and Freeport. 
Repubucan, 1873-1874: Established by T. A. Allen, editor and 

Review, 1878 to date (1879): In 1879 edited and published by S. 

W. Tall man. 


Enterprise, 1876: Established by S. S. Tucker and Son. Not 


Gazette, June, 1851-1865+ : Published and edited by James 
Shoaff, 1851-1856, during a part of the time as Shoaff's Family 
Gazette; later by A. J. Davis and Isaac N. Underwood; Mr. 
Davis and James P. Boyd. In 1864 Mr. Davis sold to Lewis 



Cass, who took in J. J . Strong as printer — this arrangement stood 
one year. The Gazette commenced a daily issue in 1 856, but soon 
abandoned it because it could nnt compete with the ClironirU, 
which circulated 500 copies gratis. In 1865 it was sold to W. 
J. Usrey of the Chronicle, and the paper appeared under the name 
oi ihcCazetU and Chrcitirle until 1S71, when the office was closed. 
Then W. L. Hammer purchased it, and in 1872 changed the 
nan^c to the Tribiinr and made Mr. A. H. Corman editnr. It 
was united with the Magnet in 1874. In 1856 it gave its inllu- 
encc to the cause of Democracy, but became Republican on the 
breaking out of the Civil War. Copies are owned by T. B. 
Shoaff, mcluding no. ij, September, 1851. SF 

llxiNois State Chronicle, 1855-1865+: Established by Charles 
H. Wingate and William J. Usrey. Mr. Wingate retired early. 
Under Messrs. Hamsher and Mosser its publication was sus- 
pended, 1862-1863, and was revived in 1863 by Mr. Usrey 
and J. N". Underwood. Mr. Underwood retired in 1864, and in 
1865 Mr. Usrey joined it to the GnuUe. The poUticaJ purpose 
of the paper was to unite the rciiinants of the Whig and Knuw- 
Nothing parties and all other opponents of the Democratic party 
on one platform. In the campaign of 1856 tlie Chronicle was 
printed daily, and the dally issue was resumed in 1868. H 

Gazette and Curonicle, 4- July, 1865-1871; William J. Usrey 
was editor and publisher. 

Democrat 1856-18574-: i'ublished by leading Democrats with 
Kli Hosea as editor. Changed to 

Hesald, + 1857 (?)-f- : lis editors were Klam Rust and son, 

George W.; W. J. Chenoweth and George W. Rust; Mr. Cheno- 
weth and James Brent. It was removed to Pana, Illinois, by 
.MilaaS. Beckwith. P 

Magnkt, 1858-1874: Published by P. U. Shepherd, who as editor 
was assisted by John Ryan; published by Henr)' C. Bradsby 
with James Shoaff as editor, 1859-1861 ; E. N. Buck and I. N. 
Underwood, i86i-i86a; James Shoaff, 1862-1868;' Mr. Shoaff 
and Asa Miller, 1868-1871; Miller and Addis, 1871-1874. It 
was Democratic in principle from 1S63 and during Mr. Shoaff's 
connection with it. It was consolidated with the Tribune in 
1874 and was known as the Magnet and Tribune. 

Daily Emprise, 1859 (?); Short-lived. Established by Messrs. 

Buck and Underwood. It was printed in the Chronicle office. 

Bov About Town, 1864: Edited by T. B. Shoaff, published from 
the office of the Magnet. Its motto was, "The Union must be 
preserved," but it contained mostly local matter. It lived only 

' A put of tbia tioi* Mr. Shoaff spent ia tti* mr. 



a few months. A copy dated Saturday, Februar)- 6, 1864, is 
owned by T. B. Shoaff of ShcIbyvUle. 

Tkibune, i864-i865(?): Established by Joseph M. Prior, who 
sold, a half interest in 1S65 to I. N. Coltrin. After several 
changes of ownership the office was dosed in the winter of 1865- 

Republican, August, 1867-1899: F-stabHshed by W. M. Stanley 
and ]. R. Mosser. Stanley sold to B. K. Hamaher in Outober, 
1867, when the firm of Hamsher and Mosser was formed, which 
continued until August 36, 1899. A daily issue was begun in 
April I, 1S73. In 1899 its subscription list was transferred to 
the Reviruf, which bciamc an afternoon publication. The plant 
was bought by the Herald -Despatch Company. P 

Dkmocrat, July, i86a-i87oH : Established as a campaign paper 
by a stock company, with J. H. Martin as editor. Suspended 
in December, but was leased by W. H. Addis and revived in May, 
1869, as a permanent papcr^ with James M. Irwin as editor. 
Samuel Pike became editor and part owner in 1870, and the 
name was changed to 

Pike's Democrat, +August, 1870-1871 : W. H. Addis was man- 
ager, and Pike was editor until February, 1871, when he retired. 
The Sunbeam (q. v.) was absorbed May iS, 1871, and a daily 
issue was begun. Publication was sus[>ended in Xovemberr 

Sunbeam, January 19-May 18, 1871 : A morning daily established 
by Merrill and A. M. Dashiell. It was absorbed May 18 by 
the Democrat. 

Ilunois V0LKSBI.AT, July, 1871-1872; A German paper that con- 
tinued but a few months. Bernhardt and Krumme were editors 
and publbhers, 1871 ; T. F. Bemliardt, 1872. 

Zeitiing, - — O)-- — (?): A German paper, issued from the 
Gazette and Chronicle office, that had but brief existence. 

REvnew, April, 1872 to date: Founded by Rev. Alfred Wuench as 
an Independent weekly. It later became an advocate of the 
Granger movement, and still later was made Democratic. In 
1874 Wuench !ea.sed to John Lindsey and D. J. Block; after 
one year Alfred F. Wuench took Block's place. W. H. Baync 
bought the paper in June, 1876, and in November began a daily 
issue which was discontinued after two months, to be resumed 
on October r, 1S78. S. S. Jack bought the paper in 18S0. He 
sold to Mizc Bmthers and Company, and in 1885, they to R. E. 
Pratt and Company, who incorporated as the Review Publishing 
Company in September, 18S7. 1-iies at the office, from October 
1, 1878. Title was Local Kei>iew for several years. P 



Tribune, March, 1872+ : The second paper of this name; started 
by A. H. Cornian and John A. Brown, with W. h. Hamnier as 
part owner. It was consolidated in 1874 with the ifagtut, 
and became 

Magnet and TRieuNt:, +June, 1874-1875+: It was published 
by the Magnet and Tribune Company, composed of Asa MiUer, 
A. H. Gorman, George Sylvester, and W. L. Hammer. Miller 
was editor, and the paper was Democratic in politics. Daily 
and weekly. Ir became the 

Tribunk, + March-December, 1875: Published by the Dcca.tur 
Tribune Com[>any, with L. M. Andrews as editor and tinanrial 
manager until 1875. S. S. Jack was editor in 1875; the paper 
changed bands several times and was suspended at the end of 
the year. It was Democratic, but fairly Independent in tone. 

Weekiy Sun, February, 1875: Established by LeonidasH.Tupper, 
who sold toG.F. Kimball. 

TiMKS, Januar)*, 1876-1877: Established by S. S. Jack and G. F. 
Kimball as the Decatur Times Company. After four months 
Kimball bought out Jack and abandoned the daily. It was pub- 
lished semi-weekly through the campaign of 1876. It was 
merged in the .^un in April, 1877. Independent with Democratic 
tendencies. Daily and weekly. 

Whip and .Spur, May-November, 1876 : A campaign paper issued 
by G. F. Kimball from the Times oflTice to present the ideas of 
the Greenback patty. It dealt largely in personalities. 

Temperance Bugle, September, 1876: Another ephemeral paper 
issued by G. V. Kimball. 

Sun, January, 1877-1879: A daily established by Alfred F. Wucnch 
and Howard Motitressor, who continued it until April, when 
they sold to G. F. Kimball. In May. 1879, he leased the estab- 
lishment to Joseph Prior and Alfred F. Wuench, who changed 
its political tone to Republican. Tbty abandoned it in July 
and sold the outfit to Kimball. 

Democratic Era, July-October, 1877: Edited and published by 
G. F. Kimball and John Lindsey. 

Saturday Hekald, October, 1879-1880+ : Established by C. N. 
Walls. Independent. In February, 1880, it was bought by 
H. \V. Rowell and W. H. Addis, who made its politics Repub- 
lican. V. N. Hosteder and L. S. E!a leased the plant in October, 
1880, and started the Daily Herdil, February, i88a to date. 
A Republican paper. In August, i88j, Ela sold to F. H. Hall. 
In March, 1890, Hosteller purchased Hall's interest and the 
Herald was united with the Despatch. The Herald-Despatch 




Company was organized and published the paper under ihe 
name Daily Herald-Despatch until 1899, when Owen Scott, 
W. F. Calhnun, and B. K. Hamsher purchased HoatcUer's 
interest and changed the name back to Daiiy Herald, under 
which name it has since been published. As a part of this trans- 
action, Calbuun and Hanishcr, who owned tlie Republican, 
suspended its pubticatioo, transferring the machiuer)- to the 
Herald and the subscription list to the Daily Review. The 
Herald also absorbed the daily News about the same time. In 
1904 F. S. Dodd purchased B. K. Hamsher's interest, and later 
in the same year, F. S. Oodd and W. F. Calhoun purchased 
Owen Scott's interest. 


Western World and DeKalb Review, October 2, 1857-1860; 
A Republican paper edited and published by Lindlcy M . Andrews. 


DeKalb County Sentinel, i8s9-i86i(?): Cc[Mes in the Sycamore 
Public Library. 

Chronicle, 1879 to date: Edited by Clinton Rosette, 1879 to date 
Published by 1^. W. Tyrell and Company, 1879; J. F. Giidden 
and later J. F. Giiddcn Publishing Company, July, 1879 to date. 
Advocated " free trade, a uniform currency, state riRhts and per- 
sonal libert)-," and is .still Democratic. 

De Kalb County News, 1867- (after 1882)-. Aaron K. Stiles was 
editor, J. J. Bassett publislier, in i86q ; L. H. Post, 1870 to after 
1882. Apparently discontinued about 1883. Republican. Copies 
in the Sycamore Public Library. U 

Barb City Telegraph, 1877- (before t88i): Barb City Publishing 
Company is given as editors and publishers in Rowell for 1879. 


Advertiser, 1868 to dale: Established by C. R. Fisk and con- 
tinued till the death of Fisk, which occurred in December, 1869. 
Revived in April, 1870, by John Culbertson and siill conducted 
by him. Under Fisk the paper was Independent in politics; 
in the campaign of 1872 it supported Charles O'Connor for presi- 
dent, and has since continued Democratic, although it has not 
supported Bryan. Files in the office of tlie Chicago Newspaper 
Union. U 

Independent, 1869-1873 : C. B. Ketcham was editor and publisher 
in 1869-1873. 

Repcbucan, i869(?) — C?): Weekly. 


TiMFS, September, i874-(after 1884): Established by Joe F. Reed, 
who later sold to Guy Bcatty. In 1882 it was run by Boyd and 
Quidley; in 1884 by A. C. Boyd. It was absorbed by the Press. 
Republican. U 


Fakmer, 1855-1857: Edited by James Hull, 1855-1856; John A. 
Hull, 1856-1857. The latter editor moved it to Carbondale as 
the Tmnscript (which sec). 


Cook County Record, 1878-1880: Edited by F. W. Hoffman; 
published by Record Publishing Company. 


Telegraph, May, 1851 to date: I'ounded by Charles R. I-isk, who 
retired soon after. The paper had a number of owners for a 
few weeks. It was taken charge of in the fall of 1S51 by B. F. 
Shaw,' and purchased early in 1852 by John V. Eustace, The 
latter became editor and Mr. Shaw publisher. April, 1854, Mr. 
Eustace retired and Mr. Shaw became sole proprietor and con- 
tinued so until iSjg. He was part owner most of the time from 
1859 until 1870, when he again became editor, and continued 
editor and proprietor until his death, September 18, igot;. In 
1857 the Telegraph was combined with the Republican for a few 
months. (See Republican.) In December, 1869, the Dixon 
Weekly Herald was nierjied with the Telegraph, which retained 
its name. In November, 1883, the Evening Telegraph was be- 
gun by B. F. Shaw and continued until his death. The weekly 
edition of the Telegraph became semi-weekly in 1899^ with B. 
F. Shaw as editor, and his son Eustace Shaw as publisher; the 
latter died September 5, 1902. Republican in politics. H 

Transcript, 1854-1857+; Established by Charles Allen. Pub- 
lished in 1856 by Stevens and Johnson. After several changes 
of ownership, it became the Republican in 1857. It had been 
Democratic in politics. 

REPtTBUCAN, 1857-1859-I-: Published by Beckwith and Legget. It 
was joined to the Telegraph with Shaw and Beckwith as pro- 
prietors. Subsequently it passed under the management of t. 
S. Boardman and Company for a few months. 

■B. p. Shaw w»B in the nawB[wper biuiBeu in Illtnois. except for ibQut tix 
aOQthM, Irom 1848 to 19«9. In 1848 ti« began *s an apprentice in the ofllce at the 
Rack Itlomd Adv^riiitt. where he remained until the *imDg of 1 9) t , when he took 
charge of the IJ%n*n Ttttfrapk and Lt* Coumty //arald, aa editor and publUher. 
Hia coaoectioo with that pai>cr [s Indicated above, lie was active ai editor until 
a ihort tioM before hla death, September th, 1909. 


DAitv WrasPER, June, 1855: Established by John D. Mackay. 
A small sheet issued irregularly, and for only a short time. 

Fremonteh, Juiy-November, 1856; A Republican campaign 
paper conducted by James H. Boyd, George Hudson, and B. 
F. Shaw. 

Monitor, 1858-1859; imblished by Charles Meigs. Failed in 
November, 1858. E. B. Styles. J. V. Eustace and L. W. Ather- 
tOQ then bought the paper and prolonged its existence until 1859. 

Advertiser, 1858-1859: Edited by Eustace, Styles, and Atherton. 
Some time within his proprietorship of the Telegraph Boardman 
and Company purchased the press and material of the Adver- 

Weekly Herald, February, 1868-1869: Established by A. C. 
Bardwell. December, i86g, it was united with the Telegraph, 
Mr. Bardwell retired in June, 1871, having served for a time 
after the combination as editor of the Telegraph, and being suc- 
ceeded by B. F. Shaw. 

Lee County Democrat, July, 1868-1873+ : Established by E. 
Giles. S. C. Postlewait was tirst editor and subsequently pro- 
prietor. W. M. Kennedy became proprietor and Eugene I'inck- 
ney, editor, November, 187:. It was changed to the 

Son, March 5, 1872 to date: Established by W. M. Kennedy. 
After his death his widow, Inez Kennedy, conducted the paper 
until January, 1894, when she sold to J. T. Day. T. \V. and 

E. C. Fuller became proprietors November 3, 1895; ^^Y ^^ 
to the Dixon Sun Company, Dctober, 1906. Daily started 
December 23, i893-Februar)' 24, 1894; October 15, 1894. to 
date. Weekly, changed to semi-weekly November, 1899. Dem- 
ocratic. SU 

Life in Dixon, December, 1868 (?): Established by James 

H. Boyd. Noah Brooks, W. W. Curtiss, Jason C. Ayere and B. 

F. Shaw were contributors. 

Rock Rives Farmer, Januarv, 1871-1875-I- : Established by 
W. M. Kennedy. William H. Von Epps and W. B. Raynor 
were successive editors. Monthly. Changed to 

Western Fasuer, 4- June. i875-i883(?): In 1879 W. M. Kennedy 
was editor and publisher. Discontinued between 1SS2 and 1S84. 
Monthly. HU 


DoLTON-RrvERDALE Review, 1875 -(?); Charlcs A. Fcistcom 

was editor and publisher. Issued from the ollicc of the Blue 
Island Herald. 




Advocate, 1859 {?); Established by E. J. Farnum. Short- 

Weekly, 1866-1871 : tlstabtished by P. D. Swidt; succeeded by 
C. P. Thew and R. B. Brickley. 

Star, 1867 (?): Established by P. D. Swick, who waa editor 

and publisher in 1869. 

REPrBLiCANj (?) (?): Mentioned in Rowel! for 1869 

with no report. Listed by Cook and Coburn, 1869, as a weekly, 

Cttizen. 1875-1876+ : Formeriy the Algonquin CiViwft. Established 

by George Earlie. Removed to Elgin and later published as 

Elgin Free Press. 
Recobp, 1877 ( ?) : Issued by S. L. Taylor. The editor, Dr. 

E. T. Cleveland, purchased the paper, and continued it for 

several years before it died. 


Commercial Advertiser, June, l857-^fay, i86r : The first five 
numbers were printed by Flaver Brothers in Dubuque. After 
August 12. printed by E. R. Paul in Dunleith, with I'laver 
Brothers still partly interested. They soon sold to J. K. Klynn. 
He soon retired, leaN-ing Paul sole owner. United with the 
Galena Cottr«T. 

Mining Journal, 1858 (?): 

Edited bv Paul Watkins. At 

first it was Republican in sentiment but became Democratic 
under the proprietorship of Alonzo Bennett. Its publication was 
suspended during the war. 

Trirune. 1863 to date : Established by A. J. Alden, and published for 

several yearsby Alden and Berry. In 1867 this paper " absorbed" 
the Recorder, and for about six months the combination was 
known as 7'ribune and Recorder. Then the name Tribune was 
rcassumcd. In 1870 Aldca's interest was sold to J. T. Beem 
and C. P. Richards; in 1874 Berry retired; in 1887 John T. 
Beem became sole owner and editor and remains so. Repub- 
lican. Files in the office. 

Stabs anc Stripes, 1864-1865+ : Edited and published by J. D. 
Mondy. After a few weeks Get)rge O. Ash and A. B. Bennett 
took charge of the paper. In eight months they were succealed 
by W. A. Ballard and Company — J. E. Bowen was the " Com- 
pany." In eight months more Bowen retired, and Ballard 
changed (he name to 



Recorder, -i- j 865-1 867 + : In 1 867 sold lo R. Berry, who foraied a 
partnership with A. J. Alden of the Tribune, aad the two were 

Fkochess, i865-i868(?): Established by J. E. Bowen. At Bo wen's 
death in 1868 the paper was published for a short time b> his 
brother, Frank Bowen. The office was afterward sold and re- 
moved to PinckneyviUc. Democratic. 

Repuplican, 1871-1873: Established by Messrs. Kimball and 
Taylor of Belleville. Frank R. O'Xeil was editor and manager. 
In 187,1 it failed simultaneously with the Union Newspaper Com- 
pany of Belleville, of whi^jh Kimball and Taylor were proprietors. 

Xews, 1874-1875: Established by Thomas K. Willoughby. In- 
dependent. In 1875 it was removed to PinckneyvUle. (See 

Perhv CoirN"n' 1'ress. 1879-1882: L. B. I^urence was editor; 
Curlee Brothers were publishers. 


Winnebago County Advertisek, 1869: Established by M. G. 

Patriot, 1875 to date (1875): In 1879 it was edited and published by 

Charles E. Griswold. Independent, then Republican in pt^Htica. 
Enterprisk, 1875: J. \oonan Thillips and Henry Rulison were 

editors; J. N. Phillips was publisher. 


Star, 186S to date: Established by C. M. Palmer, who was editcv 
and publisher until at least 1879. In 1891 William G. Dustin 
became editor. In 1893 the subsciiption list of the Herald, a 
new paper, was purchased, and the name changed to Sbir attd 
Herald. In 1906 it was owned by William G. Dustin and A. S. 
Holbrook. In the firm of Dustin and Holbrook, the fom^e^ is 
editor, the latter publisher. Republican in politics. Files in 

Western Postal Review, i875-i883(?): In 1879 H. A. Kenyon 
was editor; C. L, Palmer, publisher. Suspended between iS8a 
and 1884. Monthly. H 

CoMUEsaAL. 1877 to date (i83i>: In 1879 C. M. Cyrus was editor 

and publisher. 
Courier, 1869c;-') {?): Weekly. 


Gazette, 1868-1883: Esublished and edited by C. B. Slgnor; con- 
tinued until 18S3. Republican. 




Transcript, 1875 or 1876: Established and edited by Alonzo J. 
Grover, who made it "the vehicle for all his favorite ideas on 
human progress and elevation," thus winning a "national repu- 
tation" /or whtLt was "only a local pa]>er.'* It lived three or 
four years. 


American Bottom Gazette, 1841-1844: Edited by Sumrijt and 
Jarrott. The office was destroyed by a flood in 1844 ' 

SiTNDAY Herald, May, 1865: Established by James L. I''awcett 
and issued on Saturdays. 

Gazette, June, 1866 to dale: Established by John B. Bowman 
and controlled by him until his death, NovemlKrr, 1885; edited 
and published by John Macaulcy and Joseph Crabb. Crabb 
soon sold to Louis Straub. In 187 1 a stock company bought the 
paper, which was conduct«i by William O'.Veil, editor and pub- 
lisher. John Macauley became publisher in 1873; he also 
edited the paper with the assistance of James \V. Kirk. In 1874 
William O'.Neil again controlled the paper, with James W. Kirk 
as editor, John Haps published and James W. Kirk edited it 
in 1876. H. D. O'Brien was editor and publisher from 1877 
to 1880. Established as a weekly; a tri-weekly was begun in 
1876, and a daily was published for a short time in 1877. It is 
now published as a weekly by John H. Suess. U 

Herald, i869(?) (?): Given in the 1869 Rowcll directory. 

People's Gazette, 1871-1872+ : Owned and published by a stock 
company, with various members as editor until 1872. when a 
Mr. Saltiel acquired it and changed the name to 

Press, 4-1873-1877: Saltiel was succeeded by W. B. Fairchild. He 
yielded to Mr. Smith in 1874, and in 1S75 H. D. O'Brien bought 
it In 1877 he merged it in the GaseiU. A daily was issued for 
a few months in 1874. U 

National Stock Yard Reporter, November, 1873-1874: Estab- 
lished by John Haps and Company. Only three numbers were 
published in 1873. It was revived to the extent of two numbers 
in i8So. 

St. Clair Tribune, February, 1875-1876: Established by Willis 
£. Finch and Brother. "Republican, Protestant and Progres- 
sive." Discontinued after one year. 

St. LotJis Railway World, 1876-1877: Established by H. D. 
O'Brien, who after a year sold to a similar publication in SL 
Louis, Missouri 

■See lIHneinoin) uid footneli, p. ■»>. 



The National, August, 1878: A paper established by Archibald 

A. Hamilton to advocate financial reform, especially theories of 

fiat money. Short-lived. 
The Future Great, 1878: An amateur paper, established by 

Sikking and Jackivcn. Popular, hut short-lived. 
Dot Pafek, 1878; A short-lived imitation of the Carl Pretzel ideal 

of journalism. 
Hkralu, March, i878-(after 1895): Established by Harney and 

Tissier ; edited by Maurice F. Tiasier from 1 883 ( ?) . Demo- 

Western Live Stock Joornal, July, 1879 (?)r Established 

by H. D. O'Brien, with Y. M. Langdon as editor and part owner. 

In 1880 Langdon bought O'Uricn's interest, and in 1881 sold 

it to S. J. E. Rawting. Apparently discontinued before 1882. 


Spectator, 1S19-1826: Edited by Hooper Warren, assisted by 
George Churchill, 1819-1825; Thomas Lippincott and Jeremiah 
Abbott, 1825-18*6. It was the third paper published in the 
State. The Spectator strongly opposed the convention of 1824. 
"It was the 6rst distinctively anti-slavery paper ever published 
in the State.*" Vol. 3, no. 141, Februar)- 19, 1822, is in the 
oQice of the Republican. The last number was issued Octuhcr 
30, 1826. ElUHA 

Star of tuf. West, 1823-1823 -t- : Published by Mifler and Stine, 
who represented the leading Democratic citizens of the place. 
It was the fourth paper then published in the State — tlicse in 
the order of establishment were the Inteltigencer, Vandalia; 
GazetU, Shawneetown; Spectatw and Star of the Wesi, Kdwards- 
vilte. After six months the Star 0/ the West went into the hands 
of Thomas J. McGuire and Company, who issued the M 

Illinois Republican, -|-i823-July 28, 1824: Like the Star of tfie 
Westf the Republican was pro-slaver>'. During the convention 
contest, April, 1822, to August, 1824, Judge Theophilus W. Smith 
and Emanual J. West were the leading editors, who endeavored 
to counteract the influence of the Spuiator. SM 

Illinois Corrector, 1827-1828: Edited by R. K. Fleming, who, 
in 1828, moved back to Kaskaskia and published the Reporier. 
It was a pro-slavery paper and strongly supported Jackson for 
president. H 

Crisis, April 14-Fcbruary, 1831 -i-: Edited byS.S.Brooks; evidently 
the mouthpiece of Theophilus W. Smith.' After thirty-four 
numbers the nan\c was changed to H 

*S** Sldfioy Broesv to Ninlas Bdwwds. ia WMbbum. E^mardt Poptrt. S44. 



Ilunois AnvocATt:, +Febniary, 1831-1832+ : Established, edited, 
published by John York Sawj'cr and Jonathan AngeWne, the 
establishment passed into the hands of John York Sawyer. 
J. Angevine was associated with Mr. Sawyer for a year. 
\\Tien Mr. Angevine retired, William Peach became a partner, 
Sawj'cr removed Uie establislmient in December, 1S32, to Vanda- 
lia, the State capital. Mr. Sawyer merged the Western PUrwboy 
iu the Advotalt, and in 1831J the paper was removed to Spring- 
field. Sturdily Democratic-Republican In politics (See Slate 
Register.) HM 

Western rLorrmnov. Januar\- i. 1831-January 17, 1832: An 
agricultural paper edited and published by John York Sawyer, 
and issued semi-monthly, except that one month elapsed be- 
tween the second and third numbers. Twenty-five numbers 
of eight two-column pages were issued, after which the paper 
was merged in the Advocate, one page of which was thereafter 
given up to such agricultural matters as bad previously appeared 
in the Phughboy. This was the second agricultural paper 
issued west of the Alleghanies ; it was the first in Illinois. " When 
it is recollected that only one agricultural paper (the Western 
Tiiier) is printed west of the Alleghanies, and that most of the 
works on agriculture treat generally on the manner of improving 
the soil rather than selecting the most profitable crop, it will be 
seen that we have engaged in no trilling affair." (Item, March 
ra, rSja.) The paper was printed by S. S- Brooks in the Advo- 
cate office. A file, lacking the first number, is in the library at 
the University of Illinois. taU 

Western Wf.kklv Mirror, i8,38-i84o-f : Kdited by James Rug- 
gles, and devoted to the introduction and propagation of a uni- 
versal language. Changed to 

So\'EREiCN PEOPI.Z, +1840-1841 : Edited by James Ruggles. 

Madison County Record, 1850-1851: The first editors and 
publishers were Dallam and Ruggles; next Kuggles and L. E. 
Smith ; next Smith and David Gillespie, under whom its publi- 
catioo ceased. Ruggles went to Henr}', Marshall county, and 
founded the Courier (which see). 

Madison County Enqijirer, 1853-1856; Edited by Theodore 
Terry. Democratic. It was suspended for a time and appeared 
again as tlie Press. . 

Madison Advertiser, 1856-1865 -h ; Founded by James R. Brown, 
who after four issues sold to O. C. Dake. His successors were 
Joseph L, Krafft, William G. Pinckarl; Frank Springer, 1861-^ 
1863; Thompson and Duonegan; Thompson alone, December, 
1861-1865; and Whitman and Crabb. Whig. Changed to 



Madison Cocwn- Courier, +October 12, 1865-1869: Published 
by J. D. Whitman and Mr. Crabb. Crabb soon retired and J. D. 
Whitman published the paper alone until October 5, i86q, when 
he suspended publication and sold the material to S. V. Cross- 

Weekly Mauison Press, August 17, 1858-1862: This paper was 
established and published by Theodore Terr)' and James R. 
Brown. Brown retired December 15, 1858- It favored Democ- 
racy. There is a partial file in office of Inleiligencer. 

Intelligencer, November 12, 1862 to date: Named for the Illinois 
Intelligencer and published by James R. Brown and Henry C. 
Barnsback, with Geor>;e B. Burnett, editor. After four months 
Bamsback retired. Brown continued the paper until his death 
in 1882, and made it the spokesman of his party in Madison 
county, (n Januar>', 1S83, the paper was purchased by Charles 
Boeschenstein, who merged with it the Highland Herald, which 
he published at Highland. He issued the Ittteitigetu:er weekly 
until January, 1893, when it appeared semi-weekly. Beginning 
January, 1903, it w^as issued every other day, and in January, 
1907, it was made a daily. Files of the InUUigencer and partial 
tiles of the Madisan Press are in the office. 

REPunLiCAN, July i, 1869 to date: Established and published by 
S. V. Crossman until his death in July, 1875; afterward one 
year by the S. V. Crossman Printing Company, R. B., T. M. 
and W. R. Crossman; two years by O. S. Reed and Company; 
purchased July i, 1879, by sons of the founder, T. M. and W. R. 
Crossman, and operated by them until September, 1907, when 
W. R. Crossman purchased interest of T. M. Crossman. Weekly 
until March 1, 1907, when it was changed to a twicc-a-week 
edition. For a short time beginning July 16 or 17, 1876, it was 
published daily. Has been Republican since its founding. Files 
at the office. 

Madison County Bote, 4-1869-1873: A continuation of High- 
land Bole, removed by B. E. Hoffman from Hijjliland. In 1870 
sold to E. (J. Wolf and I'rank Ilaag. In 1873 publication was 
suspended ; the material reverted to Mr. Hoffman who sold 
it to Captain Anthony -Veustadt of Collinsville. German, 

Our Times, October 2, 1872-1881 : A. W. Angier and T. S. Angier 
were editors and publishers. In 1881 it was sold to Messrs. Price 
and Simcox. In a month or so Price withdrew, and in another 
month Simcox took E. W. Anderson as a partner. In three 
months the latter retired. In two months Simcox sold a half- 
interest to Joseph 5. Umberger. In May, 18S1, the name was 



changed to EdwardsviUe Timts^ 1881-1883. In 1883 Ansel L. 
Brown purchased the paper and changed llie name to Democrat. 
A. L. Brown is still editor. 
Madison County Anzeiger, May 7, 1875-1879: A German paper 
published by C. Lohmann and Son, with C. Lohmann as editor. 
In 1878 H. C. Lohmann retired; Mr. Lohmann, Sr, continued 
the paper for but a short time thereafter. A paper bearing the 
same name was established in 1881. At trst Independent, but 
in 1876 Republican. 


Pioneer, +1860-1861+ : Moved from Ewington by J. W. Filler. 
Sold to Dr. T. G. Vandcver in April, 1861, who combined it with 

Gazette, +April, 1860-1861+ : Established by L. M. Rose, who 
soon sold to Vandever. The two papers fuse in the 

Unionist, +October, i86i-i86a+ : At first run by Filler and Van- 
dever; then by Vandever, Bought in 1862 by John Hoeny, 
who reverted to the title 

Gazette, +1862-1865+ ■ Burned out in October, but soon con- 
tinued. In i864(?) L. Hommes became associated with Hoeny, 
and the paper was published half F.nglish. half German for six 
montiis. In 1865 Hoeny sold to Hays and Bowen, who changed 
the name to 

Effingham CotJNTY Democrat, +1865-1868+: Filler resumed 
control -in 1865, and continued until 1868, when the otBce was 
sold to H. C. Bradsby, who changed the name to 

Democrat, +1868 to dale: In April, 1870, Bradsby sold to J. C. 
Brady; Hoeny again owned the paper awhile; then Hoeny and 
George M. LeCrone; then LeCrone and Owen Scott; then 
Scott alone. George M. LeCrone bought the paper again and 
is still editor and publisher. 

Kecistek, November, 1864-1872: Established by William Had- 
dock, who conducted the RegisUr as a Republican paper for 
eight years. He supported Greeley for president in 1872, which 
cost him the suspension of his paper ia October of that year. 
He moved the office to Champaign and started the Times. 

Repubucan, August, 1873 to date : EsUblished by M. B. and Elgin 
Martin at the instigation of those Republicans who were out of 
sympathy with the Register. Sold in October, 1873, to H. C. 
Painter, who conducted it until some time in the '803 by a Mr. 
Gowell; sold in 1892 to Effingham Printing Company, with R. 
F. Lawson as editor ; sold in 1898 to Sumner Clark, with Homer 
Clark as editor. U 


VoLKSBLATT, June, 1878 to date: A German paper edited by A. 
Gravenhorst. Until October, 1883, it was printed in Milwaukee. 
A. H. Gravenhorst became part owner in 1895 *"*! t^'C paper lias 
since then been conducted by A. Gravenhorst and Son. Demo- 

Southern Iu.rNois Farmer, 1879-18&1 : J. P. M. Howard was 
editor; J. P. M. Howard, Son and Company, publishers. A 
monthly publication. 


Journal, 1874 to date (1875); Edited and published in 1875 by 
A. J. Alden. It was printed at the office of the Vienna Johnson 

County Journal. 


Westehn Christian, iB45-(after 1849) ; A Baptist and ami-slavery 
paper, published Ity a stock company and edited by Rev. A. J. 
Joslyn, Rev. Warehani Walker, and Spencer Carr. Removed 
to New York. HF 

Gazette, 1847-1874+ ; Established by Eliphalet Owen. A strong 
paper that "held the local field against all comers." In early 
years much attention was given to religion and literature. Zenos 
Eastman was publisher for awhile and W. K. Finch one of tlie 
editors. George H. Daniels was also connected with it. It 
bad much influence in the early days of the Republican party, 
of the principles of which party it was a vijjorous advocate. 
Merged with the Advoiale May 30, 1874. EHANF 

Fox River Courier, 1851-1852: A Whig paper that had but a short 
existence. WW 

iLLtNots Weekly Palladium, 1853-1856+ : Edited by a Mr. 
Hough, 1853; H. A. Hough and J. H Rowe, 1854; Gerhard 
gives Rowe and Joslyn as publishers in 1856. Name changed to 

K.ANE County Journal, +1856; Sold to Lyman and Smith and 

soon discontinued. 
Campaign Observer, 1858: A Democratic campaign paper, edited 

by a lawyer named Grosocvor and a Mr. Willis. It was 

printed in Chicago. 
Second District Dkmochat, 1863-1865 + : Published by Benjamin 

W. Staniforth and edited by Edward Keogh. Changed in 1865 


Chruniclk, +1865-1868+: Democratic. Published by Edward 
Keogh until 1867, when it was sold to F. C. Kincaid. He 
changed its name to 


Watchman, +1S68 (?); Under this name it was continued 

for two or three years as a Republican paper. 

Advocate, 1871 to date: Established by Stephen L. Taylor. Ab- 
sorbed the Gautte in 1874. Sold to A. H. Lowrie in 1882 and 
later consolidated with the Daily News. Both the Advocate and 
(he Nnvs are now published by Lowrie and Black. A daily 
edition was begun in 1S81. Republican. HU 

i,ADY Elgin, 1872-1878: A nionlhly publication devoted to the 
interests of watch factory workers. ICdiled and published by 
Bertha H, Ellsworth, Alida V. Able, and Lydia A. Richards. 

Dial, i873(?) (?): A ntonthly devoted to watch factory in- 
terests. Short-lived; a contemporary' of Lady Elgin. D 

Times, 1874 (?): Edward Kcogh was owner and editor. The 

paper became a daily in 1875. It was successively Democratic, 
Greenback, and Independent, and survived several years, U 

Informer. iB74-i877(?): A monthly publication "devoted to 
peace, temperance, purit)', and health,' by Amasa Lord. Not 

-( f") : A monthly publication, not ex- 

extant in 1B78. 

Gospel Trumpet, 1874- 
tant in 1S78. 

Daily Bluff City, 1874-1878; The first daily paper in Elgin. 
Established by Dudley RandaU ; Christie Brothers were its last 
owners, during a part of which ownership, Charles E. Gregory 
was editor, succeeded by W. J. Anderson. Consolidated with 
News April 32, 1878. Republican. U 

Repubuc, 1874-1877+: Established and edited by George E. 
Earlie. Issued a daily through the campaign. Sold in 1877 to 
Dr. C. Stoddard Smith and renamed 

Fkek Press, +1877: It was soon discontinued. 

Daily Dud, 1875: A short-lived paper started by Dudley Randall 
after he had dosed his tonnetlion with the Daiiy Bluff City. 

News, 1876 to dale: Established chiefly by Carlos H. Smith. Sold 
in 1880 to John K. LeBaron, after various changes in manage- 
ment, and in September, i88j, the Advocate (the daily edition 
of which had a little previously been discontinued) and ihc Vaiiy 
News were consolidated and for a time published by Lowrie 
and LeBaron. Lefiaron had been conducting the Dollar Weekly 
Nrws and (he Semi-Wtekly Eni'oyin connection with the Daily 
News. Lowrie soon became sole owner of both Advocate and 
Neics; in i386 S. J. Tomlinson bought a half interest. He 
sold in 18S7 to Willis B. Black, who with Mr. Lowrie continues 
the publication. Republican. P 


Inpormkr, January, 1876-— — (?); A monthly reform paper, 
edited by Amasa Lord and a staff of department editors. De- 
voted to health, temperance, religion, agriculture, etc. U 

Times. 1875 (?): Daily. 

Olockz, 1878 — (?): A German weekly of which Joseph Bis- 

choff was editor and publisher. It had been discontinued be- 
fore 1881. 

New Era, 1878: W. D. Rincland was editor and publisher. 
The paper was short-lived. 

Lf:ADEK, 1878-1884+; Removed to Elgin fnim St. Charles by 
Hiram N. Wheeler, later of Quincy. Sold to J. N. Wheeler, who 
changed the name to Morning Frank. In 1884 it was bought by 
Will S, Dohcrty and H. D. Hemmena and the name changed to 
Courier, Republican. Dohcrty died in 1886 and Hem mens con- 
ducted the paper until igo3, when the Courier Publishing Com- 
pany was organized by liim and others, and Albert L. Hall was 
made editor and manager. In July, 190Q, Ira C. Copley bought 
the paper and merged with it the Prtss, which he already 
owned. Daily and weekly; Democratic. 


Hahchn Mineral, 1870-1871 : Solomon S. Burke, then S. S. Burke 
and Son were editors and publishers. 

Hardin Gazftte, i87i-(after 1882): Edited by James A. Lowry, 
published by E. E. Welch, 1873-1874; edited and published by 
James A. Lowry, 1875 (?). At first Democratic; after- 
ward neutral. Apparently discontinued in 1883. 


Obskrvek and Pboria County AnvERTiSEE, January 6, 1858- 

(?): Established by John Regan. F 

Chronicle, 1861-1871-1-: O. F. Woodcock was editor and pub- 
lisher in 1869-1870. Republican. Changed to 
Chronicle and Herald, +1871-1872+ : By 1873 it was changed 

back to 
Chronicle, +1873: Edited by Davison and Son. Republican. 
Me-SSKNger, 1874-1902: John Regan was editor and publisher 

until after 1884; J. B. Sprawls, 1892; Louis E. O'Brien, 1895. 

Discontinued 28, 1902. Republican. U 

Industrial Jodrnal, 1874 to date (1875): Published by J. A. 

and J. L. Somerby. 
Gazette, +1879 to date: Established by Robert E. Miller in Brim- 

fieM in 1875, and moved by him to Elmwood, where it was first 



issued July lo, 1879. It was soon sold to W. E. Phelps, who in 
July, 1883, sold to M, II. Spence, the present editor and pub- 


Gazette, February i, 1863 {?): Kstablished by Robert 

Cauch. Probably short-lived. 

JousNAL, April 5. 1865 Lo date: Established by John S. Harper, 
who in a short time gave way to J . W. Wolfe. By jS68 William 
H. Addis and Brother were editors and publishers: E. F. Bald- 
win and Gcrshom Martin look ihc plant in December, j868; 
Baldwin withdrew. March 30, 1871; then on October 10, 187a, he 
supplanted Martin. J. B. Barnes became a partner in 1874. 
Irving Carrier and H. R. Coleman succeeded Baldwin and 
Barnes; \V. G. Randall replaced Carrier January i. 1879. In 
1883 A. L. Hereford became owner. W. D. Meek bought a 
half interest in 18S4, and the other half in 1885. He .sold to A. 
O. Rupp in 1887, and Rupp to G. R. Curtiss Fcbruarj' 11, 1889. 
R. J. F.vans became a partner next day. E\'ans retired in Sep- 
tember, 1904, and G. R. Curtiss has continued sole owner, 
editor and publisher. 

Patriot : A paper published in the '605 by a Mr. Fiske- 


JoL'RNAL, 1S74 (?): A weekly established by Lemuel Potter. 

The same year it was purchased by Oddl and Houser. Odell 
retired in 1875. The paper was soon discontinued. 

Ofen Dook. -I- May, 1879: Formerly the Golden Rule, established 
in the interest of the General Baptist Church, published by Elder 
John £. Cox. An advocate of open communion. Semi-monthly 


South Side Record, 1875-1876: I. L. Vansant was editor; Van- 
sanl and Company were publishers. 


Bui.LETLN, 1S74-1877: Established by John Spaidding. H. K. 
Wells bought the paper and published it for about two years. 

Inttependknt, 1878 to date: F-stablished by George W. Guernsey. 
Bought in 1885 by W. M. Patrick, and in'1889 by C. D. Hannon, 
the present owner and editor. Files from 1889 at the office. 
Files before that date destroyed. 


Christian Herald, i864-(after 1869): A monthly, edited and 
publislicd in 1869 by Dudley Downs and John W. Karr. 



WnoDFORD JouHNAL, 1868 lo date: Established as an Independent 
paper by John W. Karr. Bought in 1874 by Robert N. Radford, 
who sold an interest to H. J. Davidson in 1881 ; Radford and 
Davidson were editors and publishers until 1892, when the paper 
was sold to B. J. RadfonI, Sr. In 1899 he bought the Democrat 
from F. A. Shafcr and tomhined [he two as Democrat-Journal, 
which had been edited and published since thai time by his three 
sons, W. M., C. T.. and B. J. Radford, Jr., and his nephew, C. 
A. Radford. August i, 1909, the management was turned over 
to B. J. Radford, Jr.. by C. A. Radford. Wnodjord was dropped 
from the title in 1877. Democratic. 


Suburban Idka, 1H64: Established by Kev. Nathan Sheppard as 
a local paper. Continued for one year. 

EvANSTONiAN, 1870: Edited and published by Frank Leiand. 

Short lived. 
Tkipop, January, 1871-1881: A monthly edited and published by 

the literary societies of Northwestern. United with Vidette in 

1881 to form Nortktvestem. 

Real Estate News, 1871-1873: Published at irregular intervals 
by L. C. Pitner. 

Index. June 8, 1872 to date: Established by Alfred T,. Sewell. 
Printed in Chicago until June, 1873. In November, 1875, 
John A. Childs and Dand Cavan bought the paper; and in 
January, 1878, Childs became sole proprietor. The Evanston 
Index Company was formed January 1, 1887, with Mr. Childs 
as controlling stockholder. Albert H. Bowman became con- 
nected with the paper in 1903; he sold stock to Childs in 1908. 
James R. Paul has been editor since 1906. U 

Lake Brekzk, May. 1874-April, 1875: A literarj* cnllege monthly, 
published by Harry W. 'I aylor, for one year. Files owned by 
Evanston Historical Society. 

Herald, 1875-1876: Edited and published by Fillmore and Gray. 
Sold to Index. U 

VlDETTE, 1878-1881: A semi-raonthly college paper edited and 
published by students ui Northwestern University. Combined 
with Tripod in 1881 to form Northwestern. File in Evanston 
Historicai Society Library. 


B\PTi.<iT Banner, 1874-1876: Keelcy and .Allen were editors and 
publishers in 1875; C. J. Keeley alone in 1876. 




Pioneer. 1856-1S604-: EsUblisbed by WUUam B.Cooper; ap- 
parently he sold to J. \V. Filler, who moved the paper to 
Ef&ngliam. F 


Battle Axe, July-October 16, 1841 ; Eslablishcd by Joseph W. 
Ormsbce, who used it to advocate the repudiating; of the public 
debt. He soon sold to J.imis Monroe Ruggle^, who removed it 
to Winchester after the sixteenth numljcr. The subtitle of the 
sheet was Political Hejormrr. 


Journal, April 15, 1866-1872; Establi.'ihcd by Otis M. Eastman 
und edited and published by him until the paper was absorbed 
by the Independtnt. Republican. 

Inue PENDENT, April 14, i87i-January 6. 1877+ ; Established b> 
O. J. and L. W. Dimmirk. Condtictcd by theni until Octolwr 
6, 1876, when they sold to Bassett and Price. W. H. Price bought 
his partner's interest on tJclober a8, 1S76. and on December 2 
sold to John S. Scibird. The paper wa.-* consolidated by him 
with the liladt on January 6, 1877. 

LrvDJCSTON County Blade, November 6, 1876-January 6, 1877-f-: 
Established by C. B. Holmes, with M. W. Riley as editor. 
Holmes sold to John S. Scibinl on Januao* <i. '877. and the 
paper was consolidated with Independent as 

Tndependent-Blade, -f-Janu-'iry 6, 1877-JuIy 12, 1884+ : John 
S. Scibird continued as editor until iSSo, when he was succeeded 
by his .son, Ed. A. Scibird, who continued until July xa, 1884, 
when C. E. Carter bought the paper and changed the name to 
Blade. T. E. Dubois bought ojt Carter March 10, 1888. and 
remained editor and publisher until 1892. when be sold to D. A. 
Fraley. Nnvcmljer 4, 189.^, Fralcy sold to Shankland and Price, 
and August 4. a Mr. Fulton bought Price's interest. G. A. Sul- 
* ton bought Shankland's interest November ir, 1898, and the 
paper ha^ since that time been published hy Fulton and Suttnn, 
and edited by Mr. Fulton. Republican. Bound files in the 


Independent Press, 1852-1855+ : John M. Walden was editor 
and A. A. Stickney publisher. Gerhard gives F. C. Mawley as 
publisher. It was Democratic in its sympathies. Changed to 

Illinois Patkiot, +1855-1856: It was also a Democratic paper 
edited by C. T. Lichtenberger. 



Neus, 1856: Edited by James H. Smith. It was a non-partisan 


Gazette, 1858: Edited by A. S. Taden. It advocated "State 
Sovereignty and Popular Rights." 

Praikie Pioneer, 185S-1866: Published and edited in 1S58 by Joe 
M. Pnor, who retired February 2, 1859. William Lloyd Carter 
began publishing the paper February- 22, 1859, and was succeeded 
in the cdilona) chair by J. D. Lichienberger, October so. 1859. 
Miles B. Friend was for a short time in partnership with Carter, 
March, 1859. March 15, i860, Theodore Edmondson became 
the publisher and W. L. Carter was again editor. Ldmondson 
nas succeeded as publisher by Benson T. Atherton, August, i860, 
October! 3, 1862, the /'iow^ffr suspended puhlication, to he revived 
by J. D. Lichtenberger. Then Atherton again tried tn make it 
live, but September, 1863, practically closed its career. In 1862, 
however, Dr. Sibley had purchased Lichlenberger's interest, and, 
associating with himself R. B. Schell, continued the paper nil 
and on till 1866, ''on a red hot loyal platform ". 

War Democrat, January, 1864-1866+; Established by C. I.Wil- 
mans, who in February, 1864, associated C. W. Sibley in the pub- 
lication. The paper was Democratic but favored the war- 
Wilmans retired early, leaving Sibley in charge, but returned as 
Sibley's associate, August, 1864, and remained until February*, 

1865. C. W, Sibley was succeeded in 1865 by his father, C. 
Sibley, who in the .lame year sold to D. W. Barkley. Jaauarj-. 

1866, Barkley look Re\ill into partnership and changed the name 

Wayne County Press, +1866 to date: Under Barkley and Rcvill. 
the paper was neutral in pc^lilics. Rcvill retired and Barkley 
associated with himself his urothcr, O. F. Barkley. .'V/rcr a 
linn; D. W. Barkley purchased his brother's interest, fnder 
Barkley the Presi left its neutral ground, and became, especially 
in 1868, a strong Republican organ. .A.fter this, however, and 
until 1876, it was a "Granger." It returned in 1876 to 
the Republican party. On July 2, 1887, Mr. Barkley 
sold the paper to W. M. Goudy and O. F. Barkley. the latter 
selling his interest to Mr. Goudy in May, 1889. Mr. Goudy 
sold October 4, 1909, to E. H. Childress and W. M. Knodcll. 
Mr. Childre.'is is editor. 

Democrat, 1868-1881+: F^tablished bv George W. Bates and 
Mr. Holmes, July 3, t868. The office had been purchased and 
brought to Fairfield by R. F. Brown, whu aba.ndoned the enter- 
prise before it was fairly launched. It was Ihcn run successively 
by John Moffil, C. J. Wilmans, Isaac M. SUnley, R. B. Schell, 



Miles B. Friend, and Joe V. Baugh ; 1871-1873, C. E. Sibley and 
R. B. Schell were proprietors. In 1875, Brown came into pos- 
session again, and sold the paper to Oliver Holmes. After chang- 
ing hands frequently it w:is sold finally by Wilmans to Ed. Mc* 
Clung in 1881, when the paper was consolidated with the Record. 

W'AYtiE County Republican, i875-i87G(?); A Republkaa paper 
edited by Frank Israel and C. E. Wolfe, and published by C. E. 
Wolfe. U 

Republican, 1878- 

?) : Established by Ross Robinson. A 

radical paper, bought by D. W. Barklcy and discontinued in a 
short time. 

Register, September, 1875-^- : Established by Joseph D. Carter and 
Will M. Goudy. Democratic in politics. It was published 
until December, when it was purchased by Ed. McCiung and 
changed to the 

Recobd, -H December, 1879 to date: Originally the Register, pur- 
chased by Edward McClung. In iSSi McClung consolidated 
with tht Record the weekly Democrat, at thai time owned and 
edited by Wilmans. In 1S89 Mr. McClung sold a half interest 
to John M. Rupp, and In 1892 sold the whole plant to Mr. Kapp, 
who is editing and publishing tbe paper at this time. Democratic 
in politics. 


News, 1877 to date: Established by Ed. Freeman and soon dis- 
continued. It was succeeded, about 1880, by Echo, published 
by J. S. Grant. He sold to W. R. Hancock, and Hancock sold 
to C. R. Davis in 1K82. Davis changed the name to News, and 
in 1902 sold to M. C. Barbee and E. B. Pribblc. They sold to 
W. C. Cunningham and he in July, ipo^l, to A. S. and C. D. Coon. 
A. S. Coon became sole owner in March, 1905. Republican to 
1902, thenceforward Independent. 


Republican, 1869-1872+ : Established by John S. Harper, propri- 
etor and editor. He published it until 1873 and sold it to Messrs. 
Cummings and Wilkinson, who changed the name to the 

ORTTtOttSPOR, +1871-1872; Published by Cummiugs and Wilkins, 
edited by WUklns. Soon after the change of name, J- W. Rich- 
ardson became local editor and manager. .\(ter a career of six 
months Mr. Richardson moved the Orihorspor out of the county, 

Rkal Estate Index, 1871 {?>; Publishedby W.H.Anderson. 

A small advertising sheet, which had a brief existence. 



Journal. November, 1872 to date: Established by John S. Harper. 
After two years, it was bouj;hl by O. J. Smitli and J. R. Robin- 
son, who made it the organ of the Granger element. Before 
issuing any numbers of the [>aper these gendemen sold out to 
W. L. Glessner, whose brother, L. C. Glessner, then took a half 
interest and assumed charge of the paper. The tirst issue by 
the Gle-ssncrs was October 15, 1874. In June, 1877, L. C. Clles- 
ner bought his brother's interest and had sole charge until Feb- 
urary, 1879, when the office was moved to CarlinviUe, Macou- 
pin county, whence the paper was issued as the Herald. The 
Jaumai was continued after 1875 by \V. C. Dcvorc. In 1887 it 
was sold by Mr. Devure to M. V. Zimmerman, whu in November, 
1891, sold it to E. A. and C. L. \Vt»od. In June, 1893, E. A. 
Wood sold to W. C. Devore, who in 1894 sold to C. L. Wood, 
In 1895 Mr. Wood sold to F. S. Null and B. B. Bales. Mr. Nuit 
died in November, iSgS, and was succeeded by his brother S. E. 
Null, wh(i in March, 1897, sold to E. A. Williams. The present 
proprietors of liie Joitntol are Williams and Bales. It was In- 
dtpeudcnl in politics with a slight Democratic tendency under 
Glessner. In 18S2 it was the recognized organ of Republicanism 
in northern UeWitt county. Files for ten years at the office. 

Herau), September, 1873-1875: Established by W. C. Devore and 
Paul J. Clifford, who sold out after two years tu Whetzell 
Brothers. They continued the paper six weeks and then moved 
it to Lovington, Moultrie county, there issuing the Lovington 
ItuUx. After six months Devore reassunicd possession and 
continued the paper as the Lovinglon Fref Press until 1879, 
when he returned to Farmer City and revived the Joumai, as 
above stated. 

Eagle, 1874 (?): Started by John S. Harfwr; soon sold to 

G. W, Armstrong. 

Reporter, 1878-Augusl, 1880: Established by /Ubion Smith, 
editor and proprietor, in the fall of 1878; continued till August, 
1880, when the oflicc and material were destroyed by fire. 

Pt'BLic Reaper, 1878-1882; 1883-1892: Wesley Clearwaters. 
publisher; R. M. Ewing, editor. January i, 1881, M. L. 
Griffith became publisher, Reulwn Clearwaters, editor. In 
1882 Reuben Clearwaters sold to R. M. Ewing, who, with M, 
L. Griffith, moved the plant to Clinton and conducted the DeWitt 
County Republican one year. It was then moved back to Farmer 
City by Mr. Ewing, who continued as proprietor until 1890, 
when he sold to Frank L. Gillespie. After several changes of 
ownership it was moved to Urbana in 1892 by Harry and Will 
Altizer and became tlic Messenger. Independent in politics. 



Journal, 1856-1857: Established by Mr. Brown; in 1858 edited 
and published by William H. Worrell, A. K. Montgonier\* had 
;in interest at one time. Democratic io politics. F 

Times. 1865-1870 : Kstablished by E. H. Phdps, editor of Lewistown 
Union. I'rinted at Lewistown. In r87o Bryant and Phelps 
were editors attd publishers. 

PouT.TRY Record, 1873-1874: Established by C. W. Heaton. 
Merged into the American Poultry Journal at Chicago. 

News. 1874-1879: Established by J. I). Ilnrd. editor and publisher. 
Discontinued December, 1879. Democratic in politics. Semi- 
weekly. Succeeded hy\\\c People, January, i88o~i88i. Repub- 
lican. Lived one year. I>r. J. A. Brown was etUtor. 


Southern Illinois Journal. 1870 to date: Edited and publLshed 
by Wil.ton and Clarkson. 1871; J. K. C!ark.son, 1872-1873; 
M. L. Wilson. 1874; Wilson and Whitting, 1875; M. L. Wilson, 
1876; A. H. Reed wxs editor and publisher, 1877-1879; A. H. 
Reed and F. B. Hitchcock, editors. A. H. Reed, publisher, 1880; 
F. B. Hitchcock, editor, Hopkins and Hilchcock, publishers, 
18S2; Gl-orge M. Clark, 1884, A. H. Reed, editor, Reed and 
Wolf publishers, 1891 ; A. H. Rccd, editor. A. H. Reed and Com- 
pany, publishers, 1895; J. J. Picket was editor and publisher 
in 1902, succeeded by T. B. Greenlaw in 1903. B. M. Maxey 
had been editor and publisher since 1904. Republican. 

Monthly Lettkr Box, 1873-1874: M. L. Wilson was editor and 

True Workman, 1874: M. L. Wilson was editor and publisher. 
Monthly, illustrated. 


Jodrnal, April, 1867-1874: Established by Messrs. M. V. Saltz- 
man and M. M. Mathews. In June, 1867, Mathews retired 
and Saltzman continued until 1870, when C. F. Dore acquired 
an interest. Dore sold to J. W'. Clinton tn the same year. In 
1872 Clinton purchased Saltxman's interest and in 1873 sold the 
paper to G. L. Bennett. In 1874 I. B. Bickford purchased the 
office and moved it to Byron^ where he established the Byron 

Herald, 1875 to date: Established by a stock company with F. N. 
Tice as editor. In 1876 Chas, E. Slocum became proprietor, 
and in 1880 he was editor and publisher; L. E. Burrows, tSBs; 
T. K. Haller, 1892-1895. U 



Farhkrs' Criterion, 187S- 
X>. O. Lanlz. Monthly. 

[?): Edited and published by 


Gazette, t868 or i86q(?): Printed in Dixon; lived only a few 


Reporter, August, 1SO9 to date: Established by John Blochcr, 
editor and prt^rielor. At the close of its second year, D. H. 
.Spickler bought the paper and published it till May, 1875, when 
T. W. Scott became the proprietor. Scott sold to D. B. Senger 
August 5, 1876. who retained possession about thirteen years. 
Afterward O. W. Gaven continued the management until August, 
igo.^, when C. A. Bancroft bought him out. E. P. Harrison 
assumed control as editor in March, 1906. 

Lee County Enterprise, June, 1879-Novembcr, 1880; Edited 
throughout its existence by P. O. Sproul. 


Prairie Democrat, 1847-1853 + : A Democratic paper established 
and run by Stephen D. Carpenter, 1847-1850; J. O. P. Bum- 
side, 1850-1852; George Ordway, 1853-1853. In 1853 it again 
fdl into the posses'^ion of Mr. Btimsidc and he changed its 
name to F 

Btn.LETiN, + 1853 to date: Mr. Bumside was succeeded in its publi- 
cation bv Messrs. Brag, Brawley and Bagg; Giles and Scroggs, 
1861-1864; J. R. Scroggs, 1864-1869; W. T. Giles, 1869-1873; 
C. C. Shuler and John W. Potter, 1873-1874; John W. Potter, 
1874-1885; O. T. Potter, 1885-1894; H. Poffenberger, P. O. 
Stiver, H. I*". Rocky, i8<54 to 1900; and H. P. Poffenberger and 
P. O. Stiver to dale. It was published weekly to 1877; then it 
became a daily, ft has always been Democratic. EF 

Journal, 1848 to date: Published by H. G. Grattan and A. Mc- 
Faddcn, 1848-184^; Mr. Grattan, 1848-1851; Mr. Grattan 
and Hiram M. Sheelz, 1851 ; Mr. Sheetz and Mr. A. McFadden, 
1851-1853; Mr. Sheelz, 1853-1856; C. K. Judson and C. W. 
McCIuer, :856-i864; J. M. Bailey and R. V. Ankeny, 1864- 
1866. In 1866 the Northwest (established in 1865) was merged 
in the Journal and edited by J. S. McCall, J. M. Bailey and M. 
B. Mills. 1S66; Mr. McCall, 1866-1868; S. D. Atkins, 1868- 
1873; William B. Thomas. Dwight B. Breed and Charles R. 
Haws, 1873-1875; S. D. .Atkins and Company, 1875; A. N. 
Richards and Company, 187510 1883, when the Freeport Journal 
Printing Company was organized, with Smith D. Atkins as presi- 
dent, principal sti'ck holder, and editor. The paper has con- 
tinued on this basis. In 1883 the Budget was absorbed, and a 


da3y issue was established. Previous to (hat time Messrs. Jud- 
son and McCluer issued a daily Journal in 1856-1857, and in 
1857 Mr. McCall began the issue of a daily which was dis- 
continued after a period of nearly two years. The Journal 
espoused the cause of the Whig party and with its death took up 
the cause of the Republican parly. SF 

Deutscber Anzeigkb. 1853 to date; Established by William Wag- 
ner, and edited by him until his death in 1878. From 1855 a 
son, W. II. Wagner, was associated in the business, and became 
editor in 1877. About 1884 AJbert and Oscar, sons of W. H. 
Wagner, became associated in the business under the 6rm name 
of W. H. Wagner and Sons. W. H. Wagner is still editor and 
manager. Files in the office. P 

News, 1864-fafter 1884); A supporter of real estate interests, is- 
sued for advertising purposes. In 1869-1875 Taylor and Aspin- 
wall, and from 1876 until 1884 Taylor and Sons were editors 
and publishers. Monthly. Discontini:ed. 

Budget, 187&-1883: In 1879, Stabeck and Haws were editors and 
publishers. Republican in politics. Absorbed bv the Journal 
m 1883. 

Soi.PfERs' Advocate, 1873-1879: W. S. Agncy was editor and 
publisher, 1873-1874; Agney .and Jones, 1875; Jones and Carey, 
1876; Bright and Barton, 1877; Bright and Brownlee were 
editors and publishers, 1879. Monthly. Discontinupd. 

Illinois Monuok, 1874-1876: Edited and published by W. T. 

True Mission, i875-(after 1881): In 1S79 W. S. Young was editor 
and publisher. An evangelical, nonsectarian. temperance organ. 

Norpwestliche Post, 1875 ; Edited and published by H. Krumme. 

TniES, 187C: Charles R. Haws was editor and publisher. Daily. 

Banner, 1879 to date: German. F^lahlishcd by F. W. Frick, 
1879-1880; H. W. Frick, 1882; Joseph Frick,' 1884; Charles 
H. Frick, iSgi-1895, In 1891 Sontagsblait vfds begun. Unter- 
hallungsblatf, a weekly edition, is publkhcd on Tuesdays. In- 
dependent in polilics. 



-(?)+: Edited by Judge 

James McCoy and John Phelps. It soon passed over to Mr. 
McFadden and G. A. Laighion, and in 1855 was published by 
A. McFadden and W. J. Johnson. Subsequently Mr. Laigh- 
ton became sole proprietor and changed its name to 



Advertiser, H (?) (?): The editorial stafi consisted of 

Dr. C. A. Griswold and Messrs. Grout and Lewis. Id 1856 it 
favored Buclian^in for president, .\fter the campaign Mr. Green- 
leaf bccarae editor. Mr. Laigliton, ihc owner, becoming financi* 
ally embarrassed, went east, leaving the paper in charge of an ap- 
prentice who soon stopped its publication. 

Weekly CouRreR, 1859-1863+ : A. J. Booth and B. C. Golliday 

leased the establishment of the Advfrttser from Mr. Laighton 
and began the Courier. After six months Mr. Booth obtained 
sole charge of the Courier, and in 1863 he purchased the eatab- 
lisbmcnt of Mr. I.^Tghton and changed the name to 

JODRNAL, +1863 to date: The Journal was conducted by A. J. 
Booth, 1863-1S66; Booth and Son, 1866-1872; George Ter- 
williger, 1872; Mr. Terwilliger, editor, and W. C. Snyder, pub- 
lisher, 1872-1876. In 1876 Mr. Snyder became sole owner and 
he leased it to Thomas J. Pickett. Pickett and Snyder were 
editors and publushers in 1879: A. W. Bastion in 1907. The 
paper has been an organ of the Republican party, 

Argus, i86« (?): Fstahlished by Messrs. Pratt. 

Whiteside Democrat, 1871-1872 + : Started by F. L. Norton, 
After one year it was called the 

Liberal, 187a (?): Published by J. M. l-'inch. 


Miner's Journal. 1826-1832+ -. Its first editor was James Jones. 
In 1829 Mr. Jones associated with himself as editor Thomas 
I'ord, afterwards Governor of Illinois, and J. VV. Stephenson, 
a prominent man of the place, was a contributor. For some 
period before 1829 the paper was temporarily suspended. It 
supported Kinney for Governor in 1830, and was otherwise 
active in ptilirics, though said to be non-partisan. Dr. Philleo, 
who secured <x*ntrol of it, changed its name to AHWM 

Galexian, +May 2, 1832-1836+ : Edited by Addison Philleo and 
George N. Palmer, successively. It was a Democratic paper. 
There are a few numbers in the Danville Public Library. 
Changed to WSHAM 

Democrax, +i836-iS38(?): Edited by Dr. Philleo and George N. 

Advertiser, July 20, 1829-1830: Established by Hooper Warren, 
backed by Governor Ninian Edwards ; published by Newhall, 
Philleo and Company; edited by Warren. Horatio Newhall, and 
Addison Philleo, who were not harmonious in iheir political aflili- 



tttioDS. Warren wrote Edwards Dccrnibcr i, 1839, that the 
paper had 400 subscribers. Money and paper were scarce, and 
the paper suspended publication in June, 1B30. AH 

Northwestern Gazette and Galena Advertiser. 1834-1863+ : 
The Calenian under Dr. Philleo became so unpopular that Dick- 
inson B. Morehouse and other citizens bought an out6t and 
started this paper. S. M. Bartlett and a Mr. Loring were put 
in charge, but Loring soon withdrew. Benjamin Mills was 
editor, 1834-1835. H. H. Houghton became associated with 
Bartlett, and in 1838 became sole owner. He made I he paper a 
triweekly. In 1843 he sold to W. C E. Thomas, but in 1845 
was again editor and in 1847 sole owner. January i, 1848, he 
issued the first number of a daily edition called Galena Datiy 
Advertiser; the weekly and iri-weekly aevm to have been called 
at thi.s time Norihutstern GaxttU. Nesbit Baugher and D. W. 
Scott owned each a third interest, 1859-1861. In 1863 the estab- 
lishment was sold to James B. Brown and George K. Shaw, who 
changed the name to AWEF 

Gazette, + 1863 to dale: Shaw soon withdrew, and the paper was 
continued as as daily and weekly by James B. Brown until 1896; 
since that time it has been edited and published by A. W. Glcs- 
ner. Republican. A 

Journal, 1838-1840; Owned by a stock company and ediied by 
VV. C. Taylor and John Stark. 

Star, 1840-1841: Edited by Btriah Brown. 

Sentinel, 1841-1846: Edited by H. C. McGrew and Brothers, and 
later by Sweney and Son. It was Democratic in its sympathies. F 

Jepfersonian, 1845-1855: Founded by H. A. and H. W. Tenney. 
Charles Sweney was editor and proprietor, 1847-1852; Randall, 
Sanford, and Company, 1852 ; Ray and Sanford, 1852-1853 ; Ray 
and Scoit, 1853-1854; Scott, 1854- After a few months Mr. 
Scott sold two-thirds interest to L. T, l-eal and Charles Crouch. 
The Jfffersottian disappeared in 1855. The name indicates its 
politics. But under the editorship of Ray the paper took strong 
ground against the Kansa<>- Nebraska act. .\fter Ray went to 
the Chicago Tribune, the Jeffersanian went back to Douglas 
Democracy. Semi- weekly. F 

Corrkspondent, 1851-1863+: A German paper issued foraycar 
and a half from the office of the Jeffersonian. A German com- 
pany was formed and the management of the paper was given 
to Mr. Slybotd until 1854 or 1855, when he was succeeded by 
Messrs. Wucrtenburg and Beckel. They were succeeded by 
Mr. Pingel, who changed the name to 



Deutsche Zeitunc, -1-1862-1868+ : Conducted by Mr. Pingel un- 
til 1868, when he sold lo Von Keltler, who changed Ihc name to 

VoLKSFREUND, +1868 to date (1878): Published by Von Keltler 
until November, 187a, when he sold to J. Voss and M. Witt. 

Courier, 1855-1862: Published by Leal, Crouch, and Company. 
The members of the company kept withdrawing until by i860 
Mr. Leal was alone. In 1861 he sold to K. R. Paul, who di-^con- 
tinued the daily, which had been started early in January, 1856. 
Mr. Paul sold to Mr. Bristol and he continued to pul) the 
paper until the next year, when he sold to a company and we hear 
no more of the Courier. Democratic. HF 

Democrat, December, 1862-1868: Published at first by a company 
of Democrats, and edited by L. S. Everett. The company soon 
sold to H. H. Savage. He soon assumed editorial charge also. 
Stopped by mortgage sale in 1868. 

Commercial ADVERTisEB,i864-i874-f: Established b> D. W.Scott 
as a monthly mercanlili; and business paper but ^adually trans- 
formed to horticultural. Alonxo L. Cummings became a partner 
in 1872, and the paper was conducted by D. W. Scott and Com- 
pany until changed tn 

Industrial Press, + February 6, 1874-Cafter 1884): Established 
by A. L. Cummings and James W. Scott. Scott sold to his 
father, D. W. Scott, in 1875, without changing the firm name of 
Cummings and Scott, which continued until after 1884. 

Spirit of the Press, October, i87i-r873: Established by H. H. 
Houghton. Merged with the Oazrlte in 187^^. 

Sun, 1869: E.stablished by S. W. Russell. Short-lived. 


NoETHWESTKRN iNTF.LLir.KNfKR. 1848-1850: Edited l>y Rcv. C. 
R. Ftsk. It was non-parllsaii as to politics; favored Presbyte- 
rianism. The number in the libraiy of the state university 
indicates considerable pugnacity, especially against President 
Blancbard of Knox College. U 

NoRTHWFSTERN ("Ja/.eteer, i849-t85o{ ?) : Edited by Southwick 
Davis. Ir favored Congregationalism and was neutral in poli- 

News Letter, 1850-1853 : Edited by Gale. Bunce, and Lanphere. 
It favored railroad construction. In 1852 in the hands of S. G. 
Cowan it appeared as the iVrtt'S Letter artd Ilettry County !Vtws. 
It was for some time nonpartisan, hut in the latter part of its 
existence it somewhat favored the Free Soil doctrine. F 

Knoxiana, i85i-t857(?): Issued by members of Adelphic Society 
of Knox College. Monthly. Stili published in 1857. P 



Western Freeman, two months of 1853: It was an anti-slavery- 
paper edited by J. W. Lane. 

Free Deuocbat, 1854-1865+ : An anii-slavery paper, dafly after 
1857. The first three editors in order were, Southwick Dav«. 
W. H. Hokomb, and B. F. Hiiskins. William J- Woods was 
owner at the time of Haskins' editorship, which began in 1854. 
In 1855 Daskliis was surccedod by C. J. Sellon. The same year 
S. W. Brown, K. H. Whiting, and D. H. Fresbie became owners. 
November to December. 1855, S. D. McDonald conducted Uic 
paper, followed by W. J. Woods as owner and C. J. Sellon as 
editor. August. 1856, Woods sold the office to J. H. Sherman. 
In 1865 Messrs. Bailey and McClelland became proprietors, 
and the name was changed to F 

Fkee Press. +1865-18Q4: In 1872 General M. S. Barnes bought 
the paper, and became editor and publisher. His son, W. Ben- 
nett Barnes, had business charge of the daily edition, which was 
begim 1875. Changed to Press in 1876. In 1S&2 the name was 
changed tc Press and Peopie. Bought by Gershnn Martin in 
1883 and issued by him until 1894, when he died and the paper 
was sold to the Spectator. Democratic. 

Oak Leap. 1856 ( ?) : A monthly published by the Gnothautic 

Society of Knox College. P 

Hemlandet, 1855-1858+ : A Swedish Lutheran pa(KT edited by 
Rev. T. N. Ha-'^selqulst. At that time it was the only Swedish 
newspaper in the United States. Il was taken to Chicago in 

Uet RXtta Hemi^npet, 1856-1858; A monthly organ of the Lu- 
therans, edited by Rev. T. N. Hasselijuist and k. R. Cervin. 
Il was removed to Chicago with the preceding paper. 

Frihetsvannen, January, 1859-1861: Edited iu turn by Peterson, 
Wilborg, and Aroscnius. Formighdy; part of the time weekly. 

F.VANCELisTEN, 1860: Lasted nl>oul a year. The organ of the 
Swedish Baptists. L. Ahnberg waji I>usincss manager. 

Ksox CofNTV Observer, 1865 {?) : Published by Louis V. 

Taft. Short-lived. 

Register, 1866-1872+: Started by Steve R. Smith, William J. 
Hourer, and H. D. Babcock. .After several changes il was 
bought by E. F. Phelps in 1872 and shortly afterwards was 
merged into the Republuan Register. It had a daily edition after 

Liberal, 1867-1879: Edited by Sieve R. Smith. 



Fbdit Grower, 1869-1872: Established by Ed. Rumley. An ad- 
vertising sheet. Monthly. 

Satl'RDAV Stak. May, i.<l7o to datt : Established iiy Ed. Rumley, 
editor and publisher, who was still conducting the paper 
in 1879; John J. Coon, 18S3-1884; R. C. Allen, 1891-1895; 
A- S. Chapman is now publisher. Independent in politics, but 
a nidical temperance advocate. Complete files in the otTice. 

Real Estate Journal, 1870-1871 : In 1870 edited and published 
by Ed. Rumley; in 1871 by Cyrus Shinn. An advertising sheet. 


Enterpbise, November, 1857-1858+ : Edited by Dr. Critchfield, 
1857-1858; W. A. Soiomon, 1858. Neutral in politics. 
Changed t« 

Guide, +1858-1859+ ; The first editor was W. A. Solomon, who 
was succeeded by Mr. McChesney, who took a Mr. Canfield 
as associate. Changed to 

News, +1860-1861 : Edited by McChesney and William V,. Milton. 

Enterprise, April, 1865-1867: Begun by a Mr. McChesney and 
William E. Mlllon. McChesney retired in October, 1865. In 
March, 1865, citizens bought the paper and turned it over to H. 
H. Kecbler, with William Shook as local editor. After eight 
months it was turned over to Ttioinas Organ, who changed its 
political tone from neutral to Republican. It was soon discon- 

Review, 1872-1874+: Begun by William E. Milton. Sold to 
Charles E. Fish, who changed the name to 

Democratic Chief, +1874+ : Under which name it continued 
for four months. Three months later it was revived by William 
R. Crenshaw and J. H. Power, who sm>n resumed the name 

Review, +1874-1878: J. H. Power was editor and publisher in 
1878. It continued, under many brief ownerships, until No- 
vember, 1878. It was Democratic, favorable to Greenback ideas 
for a time. 

Gazette, January, 1879 to date: Tipton and Stuve, proprietors; 
William Stuve, editor. It was suspended in April, but publica- 
tion was resumed after a few weeks. A. H. Simmons purchased 
Stuve's part and edited the Gazette four months, when he sold 
to Tipton. George L. Tipton published the Gazette until De- 
cember, 1904, when he presented the office to his son, Fred L. 
TiptOD. Neutral in politics. Files are in the office. 



Herald, 1857-1889+ : Established by James D. Mondy. Daniel 
Clark was an early editor. Sam Roper was editor in 1S68 and 
the early 70's. Robert McGown was publisher in 1868. In 
1873 A. J. Aldfn was editor and McGowd and .\IdeD publishers; 
Thomas McGown, editor, McGown and Brother, publishers, 
1874-1879. S. L. Spear, D. G. Thompson, Josiah P. Hodge, 
E. H. Ttiiclecke, and A. B. McDonald each published the 
paper before it wai consolidated in 18S9 with the Enterprise, 
which had been established in 1887 by Phil A. Craig and Sim 
V. Clanahan. The Herald Enterprise has been published to 
date (1907) by Craig and Clanahan. Republican. U 

Pope County Democrat, 187S-18S0: Phillip V. Field, editor: 
Thielecke Brothers and Company, publishers. 


Backwoodsman, 1837: A monthly literary and agricultural news- 
paper. Perry Mason was the proprietor and John Russell, the 
editor. 1837-1839. In 1839 it was moved to Jerseyville, the 
county seat. Rock IslandAS 

Phoenix, i843-(after 1843): K. B. Wallace was editor and pub- 
lisher. A 

Indfpendent, 1S77-1880: Established by Colonel William H. 
Edgar. R. R. Claridge was editor and publisher in 1878-1879. 
Manuscript was prepared at Grafton, printed in office of the 
Jerscyvilk Repubiiran. In 1878 Claridge purchased necessary 
materials and move<] the office to Grafloji, becoming sole editor 
and proprietor. In 1880 the paper was moved to J6rseyville 
and became the Jersey Independent. Greenback in politics. 


Rock Riveb Register, 1842-1843: By September 16, 1842, this 
paper had been removed from Mt. Morris to secure theadvan- 
tagc of better mail ficillties. It was edited by D. C. Dunbar. 
He died in OctolMjr. By May 10, 1843. the proprietors were 
Charles H. Lamb and .\. G. Henderson; in July Henderson 
had withdrawn. It is believed that the Register died in August, 
and apparently it was succeeded by A 

Ii-LiNOis Thibune, November 14. 1S43 (?): Edited by John 

W. Sweetland. It was the probable successor of the Rock River 
Register, as it seems to have Iwen printed from the same type. 


Item, 1875-1879: M. F. Swartzcope was proprietor anu editor after 
the retirement of Mr. J. P. Stockton. Independent. 




News, 1876 to date (1879) : J. W. and E. H. Odell were editors 
and publishers in 1879. 


Gazette, 1877-1882: Spencer Ellsworth was editor and publisher 
until 1882 : W. B. Tapley, 1882. The paper was printed at the 
office of the Peru Heraid. Independent. 


News, 1853-1854+: Conducted by J. James Prather. Jamca 
Stelle was editor of a humorous portion. It was non-partisan. 
In 1854 it became the 

Herald, +1854-1859: Started by J. J. Prather who in a short 
time sold to F. C. Manley. At first a Wilg organ, then a 
Republican. In 1859 J. F<d. Clarke, associate editor of the Heraid 
for two or three ytars. leased the office of Mr. Manley and issued 
the Independent. H 

Journal, 1856-1858: Edited by William Charles. In 1858 it was 
moved to Carmi and name changed to White County Advocait. 

Independent, 1859 to date: Edited and published by J. E. Clarke, 
1859-1877; Clarke Brothers, 1877-1887; Clarke and Son. 1887 
to date. Prints an edition under the name of /Vlbion (Edwards 
county) Independent. Republican in politics. Files are tn the 
office. UE 

Weekly Deuocrat, 1865: Established by a stock company, Sep- 
tember, 1865; C. S. Legge and M. B. Wood publishers. Il 
expired after an existence of ten weeks. 

Republican, 1872-1874: Established by C. I. Williams. After 
six months Jonathan Stuart purchased the paper and published 
it for one year. November(?). 1873-Novcmber, 1874, Black 
and Holmes were publishers; in November, 1874, the Republi- 
can was discontinued and the office moved away. 

Church Advocate. 187S to dale (1879): Lemuel Potter, editor 
and publisluT. A semi-monthly Baptist organ. 


Independent, 1S69-1870: Established by Morton and Pickett. 

Mr. Morton absconded after a short time and Mr. Pickett was 

obliged to discontinue the paper. 

Comet, 1870 (/): Established by W. T. Pickett. Sborl-Iived. 

Locomotive, 1870-1875: A. G. Meacham bought material of the 

Independent office and tcmk Mr. Milton as a partner. Mr. 

Mearham retired. W. T. Pickett became Milton s partner. In 



1874 the paper was sold to C. H. Johnson, who soon abandoned 
it. In iSSi a paper called the Greenfield Locomotive was being 
published at White Hall. Green county, as an edition of the 

News, 1875: Established by John W. Walker. Independent. 
Short-lived. The office after being idle for some monlbs was 
leased to Byron Orr and another John Walker, who established 

Dispatch, 1876-1877: Walker abandoned tht paper in a few days. 
After a fe« months Orr sold out to W. T Pickett In 1877 he 
sold out to Mr. Farris, who wa.« publiahing the Greene County 
Democrat. Office was idle until, in the .same year, R. D. Sud- 
deth lea^icd it and started the 

Greene County REPrsucAN. 1877-1878: In 1878 the paper was 
purchased by the Greenfield I'rinting Company, who began the 
publication of the 

Weekly Arccts, March 30, 1878 to date: W. W. Haven was editor 
and manager. December 8. 1 884, on the death of W. W, Haven, 
his son Victor H. Haven became, and continued, proprietor and 
editor. Independent- Republican. 


Tribune, 1855-1857: Published by Daniel Marks, 1855-1856; 

Teraplelon and Bloomfield, 1856-1857. It was moved to 

Prairie City. 
Expositor, 1859-1860: Published by J. E. Mumford. It also 

was moved to Prairie City. It was a Democratic paper of the 

Douglas stamp. 

Mail. 1871-1874: Established by T. B. Pyles and C. R. Davis, 
who were editors and publishers, 1871-1873; Edward Hitch- 
cock, 1873; Ozier and Cooper. 1874. 

Times, 1874-1888: Published by a Mr. Tobey. Republican. 

Deuocrat, 1876-1881 : Leon Sumerlin and Ed. McClelland were 
editors and publishers. 

Press, 1874 to date: Founded by H. C. Bosworth and .soon after 
sold to John Cunningham, who continued to edit tt until his 
death, December, 1900. His son Walter H. then assumed that 
position until the paper was sold to G. B. Grant and .Sons in 
1903. O. B. Grant has been editor to the present rime, (1909). 


Protestant Monitor, December, 1845-1848: A religious paper. 
Established and edited by E. M. Lathrop ; published by E. M. 
Lalhrop and James Shoail. It was "devoted to religious lib- 


erty, essential truth, and general intelligence." Krom the 
freqmcncy with which such appellilions as liar and ass were tised, 
it seems that the Monitor was a vociferous advocate of its own 
peculiar sort of religious thought. It was removed to Alton in 
1848. A copy dated Friday, May 8, 1846, is owned by T. B. 
Shoaff of Shclbyville. ' H 

Western Evangelist, about 1847: Listed in HHnois Anntuii 
Register for 1847. Peter Long was editor and owner. 

Journal, 1848 (?): Publishc-d by John Waitc; later by J. 

T. Alexander. How long this pupcr continued is not known. It 
is listed in Coggcshall's Newspaper Directory for 1856. 

Barnburner, about 1849: Published by J. T. Alexander. 

AsiERiCAN Courier, 1856-1858: Published by Olhniel Buchanan. F 

Advocate, 1858 lo date: Published by J. T. Altixander, 18^8-1863. 
In 1863 E. J. C. Alexander sucrueded his brother; S. C. Mace. 
1865-1871 ; S. B. Hyncs. with T. \V. Hynes as editor. 1871-1873; 
George M. Tatham, 1873-1893; W. W. Lowis, 1893. Since 
May I, 1908, the Adiwate has been owned by W. W. Lowis 
and Will C. Carson, who are editors and publishers. Republi- 
can. Copies of these papers, except Harubumfr, in office of 

Bond County Democrat, June 2, 1876-January 25, 1877+; 
Established by J. B. Anderson, who sold it in January, 1877, to 
BoU and Clark, who changed the name to 

Sun, -|-Februar}', 1S77 to date: Independent with Democratic 
leanings. Edited and published by William Boil and Fordyce 
C. Clark lo 1884; Vallee Harold, 1S84-1891 ; Charles E. David- 
son, J891-1901 ; Will C. Wright, 1901-1905; Charies E. May- 
nard, 1905 to date. 

TofES, 1870: A short-lived paper, established by Smith and Perry- 

Rome Journal, 1865 to date (1884): Printed at the office of the 
El Paso Joumai. ' 

Monitor, i873-i876(?): Edited by R. E., M. F., and C. W. 
Bovard, of Lexington. 1875; John and Bovard, 1876. 

Pike County Free Press, 1846 (?): See Pittsfield. 

Pike County UNroN,+ i855(?)-i856(?) -t- : Edited by M. H. Abbott. 
This had been a Pittsfield paper. A file in the Librar}- of Con- 
gress, May 2, i355--June 9. 1856, show.s thai during that period 
it was printed in Griggsville and dated for Griggsville and Pitts- 
geld. AF 



Independent, i86S-i87t: Established by T. W. Hervey, who was 

its editor. Local paper, neutral in politics. 
Independent Press, September, 1879 to date: Published by A. 

Hughs and Nelson. In 1889 the paper was sold to E. E. WU- 

Hamson, who stilE conducts it. Independent. 


Representative, 1859-1862: Edited by Thomas Gregg. Bemi- 
monthly in r86o. monthly in 1862. P 

Gregg's Dollar Monthly and Old Settlers* Memorial, May, 
1 8 73 -December, 1875: Established and edited and published 
by Thomas Gregg. With vol. 5 Gregg's was dropped from the 
title. With vol. 4 the title was changed to H 

Dollar Rural Messenger, January, iS76-April 1877: Gregg 
and Brown were editors and publishers. Issued simultaneously 
at Hamilton and Keokuk, Iowa. ** A paper for the family circle, 
the farm, the garden, the orchard. A pure literature." "No 
immnral advertisements admitted." H 


Gazette, 1877 ( 7) : Established by C. E. Howe. Short-lived. 


Calhoun County Democrat, 1871-1876: Albert G. Ansell was 
editor and publisher, 1871-1876. A Republican paper. 

CALHOtJN Herald, 187a to date: Established by a stock company 
with John I.ammy as editor. In 1876 the plant was sold to 
Argust and Kciting. In 1879 Greathouse and Argust were 
editors and publishers; James McNabb was editor, 1880-1886, 
then he sold to T. J. Selby, who was editor until 1890. J. D. 
Rose was editor and prt>prietor, 1890 to 1894; H. M. Comick, 
1894-1895; Charles H. Lamar, 1895-1903. H. M. Comick, 
publisher of the Calhoun Times, established 1901, liought the 
Herald in 1902 and combined the papers as the Calhoun Times- 
Herald; 1903, Charles H. Lamar bought the entire plant, 
changed the name back to Calhoun Herald, and is still editor 
and proprietor. The paper is Democratic. 


Chronicle, 1859 to dale: Edited by John F. Conover, 1859-1867; 
J. F. Burks, 1867-1870; Mr. Conover again, 1870-1873; Con- 
over and F. M. Pickett, 1873-1876; J. W. Richardson, 1876; 
F. M. Pickett, 1876-1878; Harrisburg Printing Company, 1878- 
1881; Otcy and Richardson by lease from Mr. Pickett, 1881- 
1885; Mr. Pickett, 1885 to 1889; Mr. Richardson and J. J. 


Pickett. 1889-1899; Richardson and Charies Scott. 1899-1902; 
Richardson, 1902-1908; A. H. Andrews and John H. Shup, 
1908-1909; Shup and J. M. Hutchinson to date. Files to 1873 
owned by Mr. Conover; files 1873--J896 destroyed by fire. In 
1873 the Chronicle absorbed the Salint County Register, and in 
1881 the Saline County Sentinel. The Chronicle is a Republican 
paper, having become so, aflcr various changes, in 1878. E 

Saline CouNTV Register, 1869-1873; 1898 to date: Established 
by F. M. Pickett. Mr. Pickett revived the Register in 1898 and 
edited it until his death in 1906. At that time J. J. Pickett be- 
came editor and proprietor. The Daily Register was established 
^fovembc^, 1908. .August 21, 1909, the Register Publishing 
Company was incorporated with J. J. Pickett as president and 

E. M. DeAhna as sccretar>'. Democratic until August 21. 1909. 
Since that date Republican. Files 1898 to date in the office. 

Saline County Sentinel, 1878-1S81+ : In 1879 John F. Conover 
was editor; J. F. Conover and J. R. Pearce, publishers. John 

F. Conover alone, 18S0; in 1S81 the 5«ili»w/ and CftrosrV^f were 
combined as Chronicle-Sentinel. Later Sentinel was dropped 
from the name. 


Inoependent, 1865 to date; Established by Thomas G. Newman, 
with H. V. Reedascditor. In 1866 Reed became owner and asso- 
ciated with himself a Mr. Tuttte. In 1867 Tuttle and Reed 
were editors and publishers. The same year, Homiday and 
Blake bought the paper. Bkke sold to Smith Hooker, who scJd 
in turn to A. McLaughlin; 1872, McLaughlin and A. Lcland; 
1877. Gardiner and Knox. These owners soon sold to George 
White, who in a year sold to J. and G. W. Hanna (G. VV. Hanna 
and Son), editors and publishers in 1879. After a year, the 
piiper was sold to James AVhite ; then at a sheriflf's sale, to N. B. 
Bnrtch, January 29, 1881. Burtch sold to O. S. Eastman, 
October 2, 1895. He retired August 29, 1895, and sold to Mcr- 
ton J. Emerson and Eugene Saunders. Saunders sold to Emer- 
son April I, 1908, and M. J. Emerson has continued the publi- 
cation. Vols. 2, 3, 17 to date in the office. Republican in 


Mason County Herald, 1851-1857: Edited and published by 
McKinzie and Roberts, 1851-1853; O. H. Wright, 1853; E. L. 
Grubb, 1853; Stout and Weeden, 1853; W. W. Stout soon be- 
came sole editor and proprietor. The Herald was an ardent 
Young America paper. F 



JotTKNAt, 1857-1858: Run by J. J. Knapp. Moved to Mason 

Squattek Sovereign, i85(^[86i: James M. Davidson was its 

Post, i86i; A Democratic paper run by John B. Wright. 
Battle Axe, 1862: A Republican paper run by Robert L. Durdy. 
Voter, i864(?): A campaign paper E 

Volunteer, 1865-1867: A Republican paper run by \V. W. Stout. 
Dbuocratic True Unionist, 1866-1870: Sdah Wheadon was 

editor and publisher in :869. Democratic. 
Ledger, 1867-1870: In 1S69 William Humphreyville was editor 

and publisher. Republican. 
Gazette, 1869-1873 : A Republican paper run by D. G. Swan. 
Reveille. 1870-1871: A Republican paper established by D. G. 

Swan. Short-lived. 
Democratic Clarion, 1870-1877: Established by Sdah Wfaeadoo 

and William Humphreyville. In 1874-1877 Wheadon alone 

was editor and publisher. It was apparently continued as Masim 

County Democrat. 

Mason County Dkmocrat, i878(?) to date: In 1879 Mounts and 
Murdock were editors and publishers. They sold to S. A. Mur- 
dock in 1879; he .sold to S. D. McCauIley in 1889; John A. 
Muhlhof, 1890-1906; M. Bollam and Company, 1906 to dale. 

Mason Cottnty Repttblican, 1873 to date: From 1874 to 1880, 
F. Ketcham was editor; C. B. Ketcham, publisher. In 1882 
Warner and Omstott were editors and publishers; P. F. Warner 
was editor and publLsher in 1884 and in 1891. It was later 
owned by W. C. McKinney and sold by his estate to R. B. Ruth 
about 1905. He sold in 1909 to Edward Wilson. 


Joormal, 1837-1838: Edited and published by Dr. Wilson Everett. 
Genius of Universal EMANaPATtoN, November 8, 1838-Sep- 
tembcr 8, 1839: Edited by Benjamin Lundy, assisted by Zebina 
Easlmao, who after Londy's death, August 22, got out the later 
issues. The previous career of this publication is given as fol- 
lows in the first number issued in Illinois, on November 8, 1838, 
vol. 16, no. i: "It was commenced in 1831; issued a few 
months in Ohio; nearly three years in Tennessee; eight years 
in Mainland and the District of Columbia; and the residue of 
the period stated it has been published irregularly in the city of 
Philadelphia ... Its principal design has ever been and will 


continue to be the advocacy of Fr^ Discussion; the TOTAL 
ABOLITION OF SLAVERY; and the firm establishment of 
the constitulional, inalienahJe, and 'universal' bights of man." 
In Hennepin it was the organ of ihe Illinois Anti-Stavcry Society. 
Genius has been called the first abolition paper in America. It 
was printed at LoweU. SH 

Herald, 1845-1848: Edited by Philip Lynch. 

TaiBUNE. 1856-1859: Edited by Bimey and Duncan. F 

Putnam Coonty Standard, 1860-1864: Established by Grahle 
brothers, who went to war and left the paper to their father, J. 
F. Grable, with Thomas St.anton, editor. In 1S61 it was edited 
by W. H. G. Bumey, and in 1863 by J. S. Grahle. Moved to 
Wen on a. 

PaTNAM Record. June 23. x868. todate: Established by I. H. Cook, 

who was editor and publisher until his death, April 7, 1909. 

Publication is continued by C. W. Cook. Neutral in politics. 

files in the office. U 


CoifRiER, 1852-1866: Edited by R. H. Rugglcs. 1852-1863; C. 
S. and J. D. Woodward, 1863-1866. June, 1866, the Courier 
and the Marshail County Telegraph were consolidated as the 
Marshall County Repuhlitan. File, 1852-1863 of Courier, in 
possession of Mark Ruggles of Mendola. Illinois. 

Marshall County Democrat, 1863-1864: Kstablished by Charles 
R. Fisk, April 11, 1863. In July or August, 1864, F. M. Mills 
became publisher, continuing the paper but a few months 

Marshall Coiwty Telegraph,' .Vpril, 1865-1866+: Established 
by Spencer S. Burdick. In September, 1865, George Burt, 
Jr., purchased an interest, and tiic firm became Burdick 
and Burt. June, 1866, a consolidation of the Henry Courier 
and the Marshall County Telegraph was effected and the paper 
changed to the 

MARSHALL CODNTY REPUBLICAN, +1866 to dale (1899) : S. S. 
Burdick, George Burt, Jr., and J. D. Woodward were propri- 
etors from June to September, 1866; Burt and Woodward, Sep- 
tember, 1866, to January, 1869: George Burt, Jr., Januar>% 
1869-1899. At one time there was a separate edition of this 
paper issued as the Putnam County Register. The name finally 
became the Ueniy- Republican. File, 1852-1S63, in possession 
of George Burt. U 

■ The iafomuttonherc sivcniecm*re<uUr«i>d credible, but * p*i>er kcariiis the 
■■metwmeis liilcd by Ct]KS''''b*^l' iokis newspaper dlrcctary (or 1 856 Mput>li>he<l 
to Henry. The directoriet often brefttbe k teemlos life into pApen long dead, utd 
sotnetimen list p4i>cn mcrcty projected BBd never alKrted, bnl this !• nUier too 
faJiMiDg as k forecast. 




Keforued Missionary, 1871 

-(?) (?): A small paper, published several 


Edited by Rev. C. Coil, 
and printed for some time al the Republiran office. It was 
moved away and in 1880 was defunct. 

Coming Woman, (?) (?): Edited by Mrs. M. E. Dc- 

Geer, published for two years from the Republuan office; after- 
ward moved to Chicago. By 1880 it had been discontinued. 


Erzaehler, March 26-May 7, 1859+ ; Estabb'shed by Rudolph 
Stadtmann and John Harlen, Stadtmann, editor. April 30 
Stadlmann became sole publisher. On May 7, 1859, the name 
was changed to 

Hicai.ANt> Bote, +May 7. 1859-January la, 1867+ ; Peter Weiss 
and Peter Voegelc became proprietors, Weiss editor, June 35- 
Dectmber ai, 1859. Peter Voegelc became sole proprietor and 
publi.sher, with Heinrich Stiefel as editor from March i, 1861, 
to August 17, 1862. On April 10, 1863, Voegelc sold out to 
Timothy Gruaz, who changed the name to 

HicHUVND BoTB UNO Schuetzen-Zeitung, + January la, 1867- 
1869+ : June, 1868, Cruaz sold out to B. E. HofTmanD and 
Maurice Huegy, Hoffmann, editor. November, 1869, Hoffmann 
purchased Huegy's interest and moved the material to Edwards- 
viUe, where the paper was continued as the Madison County 
Bole. The BoU was Democratic. Under the name of Bote und 
Scimelxen-Zcilung it was the official organ of the National Sharp- 
shooters' Association. 

Union, October 24, 1863-1868+: German. Established by the 
German Literarj- Society. C. H. Seybt was editor until January- 
38, 1865, then Dr. Callus Rutz. December 28, 1866, Dr. G. Rutz 
and J. S. Hoemer became proprietors, with Dr. Rutz, editor. 
October 23, 1868, the name was changed to 

H1GHLAA13 Union, +1868 to date: John S. Hoemer became sole 
proprietor and editor March 18, 1874. In September, 1898, 
Hoemer sold out to C. T. Kurz, who is still in possession, 1909. 
The Union has always been Republican. 


pRAiaiE Beacon, 1838-1S39: First published by Hay ward and 
Holmes and edited by Aaron Clapp. Eugene Hayward of 
Indianapolis has a file. Files after 1885 In office of the JounuU. 

PRAUIE Mirror, 1850-1856+ : Published by Gilmore Brothers, 
and edited by Francis Springer, 1850-1S51. A weekly paper of 
Whig sympathies. Ln the reconstruction of political parties the 



Mirror becAmc the exponent of tbc Know-Nothing party. A 
file is onTied by John W. KitchcU of Pana. Mr Dtckerson, as 
editor and proprietor, 1854-1856, changed the name to 

MoNTcoMERV CotiNTY Herald, +1856-1868+: Published bj 
James blackman; then by C. D. Dickerson; later by J. W. Kit- 
chell and F. H. Gilmore to i860. From 1858-1860 it was an 
Inde|>endent paper. In i860 it was sold to Davis, Turner and 
Company, who ran it through the campaign as a Democratic 
paper. In 1868 it came into the possession of E. J. C. Alexander, 
who changed its name tu EF 

Democrat, +1868-1874+ : Claiming to be a Democratic paper, 
it was in full accord nith the Granger movement. In 1874 it 
became the 

Anti-Monopolist, +1874 (?)+: A zealous exponent of the 

Granger movement. Mr. Alexander, the proprietor, changed 
the name again to the 

Blade, H (?)-i877+: A Republican paper, sold by Mr. 

.Mcxander in 1877 to James L. Slack, who changed the name to 

Journal, +1S77 to date: James L. Slack, 1877-1881 ; Charles R. 
Fruitt, 1881-1895; B. F. Boyd, 1895-1898; Josiah Buder, 1898- 
1907. It was bought by Sam Little in 1907. 

Illinois Frxe Press, i859-i862{?): A Republican paper, edited 
by D. W. Munn; later by J. B. Hutchin.son and James Munn. 
It was suspended, and renved as 

Union Monitor, 1863 (?) + : Editors and proprietors: John 

W. Kitchell, 1863-1865; J. E. Hcniy 1865 (?). Mr. Alex- 
ander was for a time proprietor, but he sold to B. S. Hood. It 
was removed to Litchfield and became the Monitor (Rowell 
states [1868] that Benjamin S. Hood and Company were editors 
and publishers at that date, and that the paper was published 
from the office of the Litchfield Union Monitor.) This paper is 
now the News-Monitor, published by the I-itchfield Printing 

News Letter, i86g+ ; .\n outgrowth of the Monitor, conducted 
by C. L. and E. T. Bangs. Slack and Tobin bought the News 
Letter and changed it to 

JODRNAL, + C?)-i875+: C.T. Tobin sold to Slack, who sold to 

Ben E. Johnson and Charles T. Tobin in 1875. It had been 
Republican in politics. Johnson and Tobin changed it to 

MoNTGOUEHY News, +1875 to date: The papier now became 
Democratic. In 1876 Johnson sold his interest to George W. 
Paisley, and in 1882 Paisley and Tobin sold to Benjamin E. 
Johnson. In i8ga the paper was purchased by C. W. and C. P. 
Bliss, who arc its present publishers. U 



JocraNAt, +1853-1854: It was a Whig paper under the control of 
E. Callahaii. Edited at first by Charles T. Cutler. 

Ckawford Banneh, 1857-1858: A non-partisan paper edited hy 
W. F. Ruboltum. It was moved to Palestine. 

News, 1874-1875: N. M. P. Spurgcon was editor and publisher. 


South Side News, 1871-1875: Van Sant and Company were 

editors and publishers in 1875. 
News. 187a ; S. L'smar Downs was editor and publisher. 
Daily Sun, i872-i878('0: H. L. Goodall and Company were 

editors and publishers. (See Chicago.) 


.Americ/\n Bottdu Rfpoktkk, 1841-1844: Published by Vital jar- 
rott and Company. Gustav Koerner in his Memoirs has said 
that this was £ Native American pB|XT, published in 1841-1842.' 

National Bank, fall of 1842: A Whig campaign paper edited 
by W. Weigley and published by S. D. Sumrix. It was to be 
"devoted to the advocacy of Henr)' Clay fur the presidential 
chair, a National Bank, the tariff, and the protection of home 


CmzEN, 1879-1880 : J. W. Wolfe was editor and publisher. Printed 
at Mt. Pulaski as an issue of a paper there of identical name. 


Fulton Press, 1874+ : Established by G. A. Hyde. Soon passed 

to Mr. Flake, who changed the name to 
Fulton Phoenix, + 1874+ : .And after a short time removed it to 

Astoria. In 1877 it was purchased by Leigh and Miller, who 

returned the office to Ipava and changed its name to 
Independent, +1877+ : After a period of two months they sold 

the entire establishment to A. H. McKcighan, who immediately 

changed its name to 
Streau ok Light, +i877-(after 1879): McKcighan continued as 

editor and proprietor for several years 


Western Observer, May, 1830 : Published by James G. Edwards. 
"Devoted, to politics, education, and religion." 

I 'StUtnxly this is the cMtnc pa'per a* Amerieaii Soltom GaaelM ot Bast St. 
Loub (of wUcb lUlnoiacown w«> taa earlier natn«}. 



rT.i.iNois Patriot. TVcember 20. 1831-1S37+: It was a Whig 
paper edited until TS37 by Charles Jones and James G. Edwards, 
who later founded the Burlington Hawkeye. Edwards was 
succeeded by Governor Duncan. In 1837 Josiah M. Lucas 
became its owner and he changed it to ihe AEM 

Illinoisan. +i837-ApriI 9, 1844: It was first edited by A. H. 
Buckner and Colonel John J. Hardin and afterwards by Mr. 
Lucas him.'telf until 1843, when he leased the office to J. M. 
Hodge and William C. Swett. Flodge became editor about 
May I. 1843. and Ilt-idge and Swett were publishers until April 9, 
1844, when the paper was discontinued. HA 

Jacksonville Banner and Morgan County AD\'ERnsER, 1832- 
( ?) : Published by Charles Jones and Company, who evi- 
dently had withdrawn from his connection with Edwards tn the 
Patriot. A 

News. April, 1834 C0+: Established by Robert Goudy, Sr.' 

By the beginning of 1S35 it had been combined with the next 
following paper. 

Illinols State Gazette, October, 1834 {?)+: Probably 

eatablLshed by S. S. Brooks. By the beginning of 1835 it had 
been combined with the News as 

iLLmois State Gazette and Jacksonville News, -f 1 835(1*)- 
■ ■(?): The issue for January 17. 1835, bears the double num- 
bering 13 and 35 for the respective numbers of the combination. 
The paper was then editeo and published by S. S. Brooks and 
John H. Pettil. On February 10, 1S36, the double numbering 
was dropped, the older scries being retained. Pcttit withdrew 
July la, 1S36, and Brooks continued the paper alone for a time. 
After a period of suspension publication was resumed April 22, 
1837, by S. S. Brooks, W. W. Curran, and D. G. Day. This 
partnership was dissolved November 11. 1837. and Brooks alone 
continued ihe paper for a short time. Democratic. A 

Liberty's Sentinel, August. 1 835 ( ?) : Edited by William H. 

Coyle. "Devoted to the interests of the Federal parly." Prob- 
ably short-lived. 

CouMON School Advocate, January, 1837 (?): The first 

publication devoted exclusively to the cause of education pub- 
lished in the " Great Far West." Edited and published by Calvin 
and Enslcy T. Goudy.' 

Illinois SxANDARDf March 10. 1838-1839: A Democratic paper, 
published by S. S. Brooks. It was probably a continuation of 
Gazelle and News. Toward the dose of 1838 the title was 

' Trans. lU. Stoi* Hitt. Soc, looi. p. )i6. 

'Ibid, tteti, p, ^36, Kov. Th«n>n Bsldwlo !■ nwatiotwdaB •ditor. Sm 



changed to Sfnrit a} the West and Illinois Standard. Publication 
stopped about the close of 1839. h was resumed as A 

Illinois Democrat, May 30. 1B40-1S42: A. V. Putnam was pub- 
lisher; he was succwded after a few months by William C. 
Swett. A 

Chkisttan Mkssengex. i843(?) : Publufaed by A. V. Putnam, pre- 
sumably after he discontinued the lUinois Standard. It was at 
the office of ibb paper that the Illinois Statesmen was printed. 

Illinois Statesman, April ag, 1843-May 17, 1844: Jonathan B. 
Turner was editor and proprietor and the paper was printed at 
the office of the Christian Messenger. It stood for "true Repub- 
licanism against all Locofocos and Demagogues, whether pre- 
tended Whigs or Democrats " and was remarkable for its inde- 
pendence. SH 

Morgan Journal, 1845-1858+ : It was a Whig paper edited by 
William H. Sigler and published by W. C. Swett; J. B. Shaw 
was editor in 1847 ; later Dr. E. R. Roe, Paul Selby, under whom 
the paper became Republican at the time the party was organized, 
and W. H. Collins, who changed the name in 1858, when it be- 
came the SP 

Jacksonvillk Journal, -1-1858 to date: First under the manage- 
ment of WiUiam H. Collins with H. Harden as printer; Collins 
left the pajicr September z6, 1861, putting the management in the 
hands of W. C. Brown. Barden soon l>e<:ame publisher and 
continued until November t;. 1864. Through this critical time 
H. J. Atkins. William W. Jones, and others were editors. Bar- 
den was succeeded by Ironmonger and Mendcnhall; they were 
succeeded by Ironmonger and Colonel G. P, Smith, editor, in 
1865. The Daily Journal was started April i.-\. 1866; Colonel 
Smith was editor and sole proprietor from 1867-1869. Horace 
Chapin and Lyman B. Glover, editor, were publishers from 
1869-1874, when Mr. Glover sold to Horace R Hobart, who 
was part proprietor for one year. In 1875 Hobart sold to Milton 
F. Simmons, who became editor. Chapin sold in April, 1876, 
to Charles M. Kames; Simmons withdrew in 1878, and Eames 
was sole proprietor and managing editor until 1886, when the 
paper was incorporated under the name of the Jark.sonville 
JoumaE Company. At present Hawes Yales is president, S. W. 
Nichols is treasurer and W. L. Fay is secretary. Mr. Nichols 
is editor. Files since 1S59 in the office. SE 

Western Star, January 7, i845-r846C?): A publication edited 
by Rev. A. Bailey. " Devoted to religion, virtue, and knowl- 
edge." Baptist semi-monthly, printed by Wra. C. Swett. H 



Jackson Standaso,' about 1847: Mentioned io Illinois Annuai 
Register for 1847. Edited by J. S. and E. W. Roberts. Demo- 

CoNSTirirrioNisT, i852-(after 1855) : Its editors were Dr. E. R. Roe ; 
T. H. Cavanaugh; John M. Taggart. A daily was tried for 
a while but failed. A file of the Daily ConstUutionist, February, 
iS54-May. 1855, is in Illinois College Librarj-, Jacksonville. AS 

Tri-Weekly Press. 185a: A V\Tiig paper published by T. H. 
Cavanaugh. S 

Hatchet, November, 1855 : edited and publijthed by W. T. Davia. 

iLi-raois Sentinel, 1855-1876; Edited by J. R. Bailey. 1855-1873; 
Fanning and Paradice, 1873-1874; Gershnm Martin, 1874- 
1876. It was published weekly and adv'ocated the cause of tirst 
the Whigs and next the Democrats. IlltHoix was dropped from 
the title. Combined with Enierprise to form the Courier. Files 
owned by Mrs. J. H. Uackett, JarLsonville. S 

A«CDS, 1859: Published by N. B. Walker. Short-lived. 
Campaign Argument, i860: Isaue<l by C. J.Sellon. Short-lived. 
Dispatch, 1861-1862: Published by E. S. Trover. 

Independent, 1869-1874: Established by Ironmonger and Fink. 
Henry E. Fink was editor; Eo^Iey Moore, assistant editor. In 
1873 it was sold to Gershnm Martin; later W. V. Dowdall pur- 
chased an interest: later Fanning. Paradice, and Company of 
of the Scntiml. S 

Deap-Mute Advance. 1870 to date: A four-page weekly for deaf 
and dumb persons. Established by Phillip G. Gillc-tt and Frank 
Read. Edited and published by Frank Read until 1893, when 
he associated H-ith hira Frank Reed. Jr. In January, 1898, the 
namt was changed to jVpw Era, and in 1903 to Illinois Advance. 
The publication was turned over to the Illinois School for the 
Deaf in 1900, since which time W. H Clifford has been editor. 

National Crop Reporter. 1873; Greene and Coulter were etlitors 
and publishers. 

Enterprise, 1874-1S76+: Established by James S Hamhaugh. 
Daily established in 1876. In 1876 T. D. Price and Company 
purchased this .and the Sentinel office and changed the name to 

Illcjois Courier, +1876 to diite: F^ted by J. D. Price and Com- 
pany. 1876-1S82; Doyingand Hinrichsen. 1882-1886, and from 
1886-1892 Mr. Case was a partner; G. E. Doying and G. E. 
Doying's Sons. 1892 to date. The Courier is Republican. The 
61es in the oflice are incomplete until after 1883. 

* Llstad M h«ra itat^d. tmt piobobly it baloois imder SluwiMvtown. 

«J ■ 



Morgan Monitor. 1876 (?): Listed in Rowell for 1880 as a 

Greenback publication established in 1876. J. R. Miller and 
J. C, Rahe were editors and publishers. 

College KAMBLru, 1878 ■(?): Published by the students of 

Illinois College- At first monthly later semi-monthly. 


CHRiSTtAN Instructor, April. 1873: Removed from McLeansboro 
to Jeffersonville by George P. Slade. Slade was the editor, and 
C. E. Wolfe the publisher. The paper was a dogmatic devotee 
of the cause of the Christian Church, and did not live past 
December of its birth-year. 

Christian Herald, 1872 : Elder J. W. Stone was editor and pub- 

Wavne CoiTNTY Central. 1873: Established by C. E. Wolfe and 
R. A. Moss and published from the office of the defunct Chrislian 
Instructor. In 1873 Moss was succeeded by J. M. Tracy, who 
took the office to Fairfield. In a short time Israel and Wolfe sold 
it to Professor W, S. Scntt. Republican in politics 

The Evangelist at Work. 1879: Established by Wall and Tracy. 

Continued one year, and then the office was closed. This was 

a church organ, devoted to "primitive Christianity." 
: E. J. Hart, editor; Tracy, publisher. This 

was a Sunday school organ, name unknown, which continued 

through eight months. 


Backwoodsman and Jersey and Green Counties Advertiser. 
+ 1839-18424-: Published at Grafton by Perry Mason 1837- 
1839; edited by A S. Tilden, 1840-1843 (see Grafton). Changed 

L Newspaper, +1842-1856+; Edited by Flitcher and Parenteau, 
1843-1854; Thomas Wright, 1854-1856. Changed to 
Deuocratic Union, + 1854-1865 + ; A Democratic paper established 
by Thomas Wright, ediled by H. H. Howard, 1857-1858; J. C 
Dobtlbower, 1858-1865. In 1865 it was bought by a stock 
company and the name changed to 
Jersey County Democrat. +1865 to date: Edited by Augustus 
C. Smith, 1865-1S66; edited and published by T. J. Selby, 1866- 
T869; A. A. Whcclock and L. L. Burr, 1 869-1870; J. A, J. 
Birdsalland J. I. McGready 1870-1871; J. J. McGready, 1871- 
October, i88c : J. M. Page, 1880 to date. The DaUy Democrat 
was established in 1896 and still continues Files since 1865 
in the office. 



Family AND Farm Jouhnal, 1868-1870: Edited and published 
by Thomas D. Worrall. A noonthly 

PRAIBIE State.' 1850-1S64: Established by Augustus Smith In 
1864 the Republican Club of Jersey couoty purchased the Prairie 
State of A. S. Smith, ihcn editor and proprietor. A. C. Clavton 
edited the paper for the club, 1860-1862; Laubson Wilh'ams, 
1862 to 1863 or 1864. when it came to aD end. 8F 

Jersey lNDEPE>a>ENT: See Grafton. 

Register, 1865-1868: Established by Frederick S.Houghawout, edi- 
tor and propriftor. In i S67 sold to I- Williams, who afterwards 
moved to Topcka, Kansas, and his son, Charles F., leased the 
office and became editor and publisher. In 1S68 the office was 
purchased by Colonel G. P. Smith of the Jacksuoville Journal^ 
who established the 

REPDBMrAN. 1869-1880+ : WtlHam H. Edgar waa editor. In 1869 
Cha]>in and Glover became proprietors; Edgar continued as 
editor. In 1S70 Edgar becamie sole editor and proprietor. In 
18S0 the paper was consolidated with Examiner as Republican 
Examiner. Edgar and Locke conducted it until 1885, when 
Locke retired and was succeeded by Frank M. Roberts. la two 
months Edgar rctired. Will H. HcdIcy became proprietor. 

ExAuiNKK, August, 1878-1880+ : Owned by a stock company 
under the name of Jerscyvillc Publishing Company. J. Sterling 
Harper was editor. .-Kdvixrate of temperance cause. In three 
months the paper was leased by the editor. Harper, who witlidrcw 
entirely in two weeks. Morris R. Lt>cke became editor and con- 
linucd until September to, 1880, when it consolidated with the 


CouRiEK, 1839-1843+: Called the J diet Courier. A Democratic 
paper started by thirteen citizens of Jolict, three of whom, 
Charles Clement. Edmund Wilcox and Hugh Henderson, were 
the publishers. Its editor and printer was C. H. Balch. After 
many changes it passed over to D. S. Gregg and W. P. Hudson. 
In 1843 it was purchased by William E. Little, who changed it 
to P 

Signal, +1843-1893: Published by Judge S. W. Randall, 1844- 
1B45; S. O. Stiliman, 1845-1846; in T846 it was sold to C. and 
C. Zarley, one of whom held an interest in it until it was sus- 

I A history of 7crKy County gives tSs! ui tb« year in whkh thin paper wta 
ftertcd: but It Is lifted in CosBvahaira iMwvpaper directory for 1856. a copy of 
vol. 3. no. $'■ d«t«(l Agsust j6. 18!! j. Lb In the New York Siata Librarr. aotl « 
OOpy of vol. 4. no. *a. dated January tt. tSs4. It in the Illlnoii State Hinlsrical 
LIbrmry. Ansoatua Smitfa waa editor and pn>prietor at that time. 



pended. The interest of the junior Zarley was bought m 1874 
by Peter Shults. Edward D. Conley was the last proprietor. 
Democratic. Sold to the News about 1893. PF 

True Democrat, 1847-1862+ : A Wliig paper, later Republican, 
published by Alexander Mcintosh, 1847-1849; H. N. Marsh, 
1849-1852; Mr. Mcintosh. 1852-1856. In 1856 Mr. Mcintosh 
sold to Joseph L. Braden, who in 1863 changed the name to F 

Republican, +i86»-i869+: Conducted by Joseph L. Bradeo. 
On his death in 1869 James Goodspeed bought the paper and 
changed the name to A 

Republic, +1869-1883+ : A daily was established about 1879. 
January 1, 1883, Goodspeed bought the daily and weekly Sun 
of C. B. Hayward and merged the two papers into the Rf public 
and Sun, Upon his death, October 17, 1885, the paper was 
purchased by Robert Mann Woods, who changed the name to 
Republican, daily and weekly, and the paper is still published 
under that name. Files since 1884 in the Public Library. PH 

Sun, 1873-1883+ : Established by C W. Hayward. Daily in 1874. 
United with the Republic in 1883. PHU 

Record, 1870-1883 : Established by D. C. Henderson. Sold to W. 

W. Stevens in 1880, when a daily issue was begun. Sold to the 

Nenvs in 1883. Democratic. 
Will County Courier, 1874-1884: Moved from Lockport about 

1874. H. W. Cook was caiior. Published part of the time as a 

dally up to aliout 1884. A Granger organ. 
Herald, 1875-1876: Established by Roos and Rohr. Roos and 

Schmidt were editors and publishers in 1876. 

Phoenix, January, 1877 -(?): J. S. McDonald, editor and 

proprietor. This was the home office of a circuit of Phoenixes 
located at Joliet, Lockport, Wilmington, I-emonl, Braidwood, 
Peoionc. and Plainfield. Each had its oytn local editor. 

News, April, 1877 to date: A morning paper established by Charles 
F, Dutcher as an Independent. Bought in October, 1877, by 
Nelson, Fcrriss, and Company, who made it a Greenback organ 
and added a weekly edition called Greenback News. Files of the 
A^rti'j complete to date In tht: Jolicl Public Library. P 

WocHENBUkTT, i877-i88o(?) : A German paper, mo\-ed from 
Beecher by Charles M. Henssgen; ran about three years; 
Mentioned in Ayer for 1881. 


Gazette, 1849 to date: Thb paper was established and edited by 
Thomas J. Finley and John Evans. They sold it to H. E. Hemp- 
stead, who conducted it for nearly two years, and then John 



Grcar appeared as editor, 1855-1857. Then it passed into (he 
hands of Governor Dougherty and espoused the cause of Democ- 
racy as representea by Stephen A. Douglas, but later it supported 
the principles of the Breckenridge wing. The paper was next 
sold to rt joint stock company, and edited by Mr. McKinney. 
In i860 it came under the control of James Evans, who, in 1861, 
sold it to William Jones. In 1863 it was suppressed because it 
interfered with tht: work of rL-cruiting vuluntetrs. Thi- order of 
suppression was soon revoked and the publication was relived 
by Joel G. Morgan, who, in 1864, sold it to J. D. Perrj-man. 
During the greater part of its existence up to this time it waa 
editea by Dr. Sidney S. Condon. T. F. Bouton became owner 
in 1866. He sold in 1893 to A. S. Tibbets, the present owner 
and editor. Boulon is said to have made the Gazette the most 
influential Democratic paper in soulhem Illinois, and to have 
been himself the most wiacly known of Illinois country editors. 
Files (incomplete to 1864) iu the office. A 

Union County Democrat, 1858: It was established by a joint 
stock company and edited by A. H. Marscholk. It was a Doug- 
las paper intended to counteract the influence of the Gazette, 
which wa^ then an anti- Douglas organ. After the election of 1858 
the office was moved to Anna. 

Union County Rfxokli, i860 (?): Conducted by W. H. 

Mitchell, Anna, Illinois. U was short-lived and succeeded by 
another short lived paper, the Union County Herald. Re- 

Advkbtiseb, 1871-1878: Iilstablished by George M. Dougherty. 


MoTio, July 36, 1847 ( ?) : A small pamphlet issued at irregular 

intervals of from one to six months in the interest of Jubilee Col- 
lege, established in 1847 by the Episcopal church of the diocese 
of Illinois. Much of the matter was contributed by Bishop 
Philander Chase. The publication was continued at least to 
October, 1852. SH 


Express, 1873 (?): An edition of the White Hall Register; 

edited by Charles H. Johnson to 1876; Henry Johnson; then 
Will O. Reed. Independent. 

Times, 1874 (?): An edition of the Carrollton Gazette, j. S. 

Carr editor; Price and Sons publishers, in i87g. 




Gazette, 1853 to date: Edited by A. Chester, 1853-1856; D. S. 
Parker, 185&-1869. In the absenre of Mr. Parker as a soldier 
during the Civil War, Mr. J. B Atkinson conducted and edited 
the paper. For a brief period Mr. W. F, Keady was associated 
irith Parker. In 1S69 Mr. Parker sold to Charles Holt. The 
first numbers of the Gazettt were published in Chicago by the 
Chicago Journal Company, there being no place yet built in Kan- 
kakee where a press could be set up. This continued for a few 
weeks only, when the press and type were sent to Kankakee, 
and for a time the work was done in the open air under the shade 
of a friendly tree. In December. 1S86, the firm became Charles 
Holt and Sons. March, 1905, Clarence E. Holt purchased his 
brother's interest and the firm became Charles and C. E. Holt. 
Charles Holt died July 21, 1908, at the age of ninety-one and the 
Gosette became the property of Clarence E. Holt. F 

Deuockat, 1858-1862; 1864 to date: Eailed for a short time by 
Cyrus B. Ingham and H. Austin; next by Messrs. Austin and 
James Green- This partnership was soon dissolved and Hon. 
A. C. Lake assumL-d the editorship. Mr. Lake sold to B. A. 
Fuller, who conducted the paper through the Buchanan cam- 
paign. Mr. Fuller sold to \V. N. Bristol, who continued to edit 
amd publish it until 1859. when J. B. and Gabriel Durham pur- 
chased it. Messrs. Durham published it until 1862, when they 
joined the army and its publication ceased. In 1864 Cyrus 
Ingbam resumed the publication and later sold to W. L. Heniy, 
wliu published it until 18S1. In December, j8Si, Mr. Henry 
sold it to E. B. Buck, and the name was changed to Herald. In 
1885 Mr. Buck sold it to R. H. Ballioger, who changed the title 
of the paper to Chic}. Ballinger sold the paper in 1887 to Alfred 
Doolittle and W. J. Brock, it was then published under the 
name of the Kankakee County Democrat. W. J. Brock bought 
Mr. Doolittle's interest in t888, and continued to pulilish the 
paper until January, 1893. In 1892 it was purchased by the 
Democrat Publishing Company; T. B. Collins and J. B. Smith 
publishers. A daily was started in connection with the weekly, 
February aa, 1893. The paper is now being published by this 

Journal de l'Iixinois, January-September, 1857+ : Founded by 
A. Grandpr^ and Claude Petit ; the first French newspaper pub- 
lished in the state. In September, 1857, it was moved to Chicago. 

Union, i86»-i866(?): 

A Democratic paper started by Cyrus fi. 



Review, i865-(Bflcr r88o) : Established by N. H. Taylor Thomas 
Kelly bought an interest. Sold to W. !•'. Ready who changed 
the name to Times. Originally Indcpeodcnt, then Republican; 
supported Greeley in 1872; became a Greenback organ; then 
supported Garfield in 1880. 

Times, 1868 to date: Owned by W. F. Keady; George B. Keady 

and Company. 1S81: Livingston and Keady, 18S1 -(i*); 

Keady and Ernest Shaw owned the paper in 1883 ; Diinlap and 
Livingston in 1897, with H. J. Dunlap as editor. Republican. 

Name changed to Republican in ; now published by Kan 

kakee Republican Company; M. H. Bassctl. editor. 
CouRRtER DE l'Ilunois. iS6S- (aftcr 1883): Established by a num- 
ber of French citizens under the management of A. Grandpr^, 
who laler lx:came owner. Republican. U 

Herald, i872-(after i88a): H. C. Henry, editor and publisher. 
Between 1S80 and 1883 be sold to E. B. BucJc. Democratic. 


News. 1873-1877; W. \V. Bishop was editor and publisher. 

Republican Sun, 1878 (?): William S. Rose was editor and 

publisher in 1879. Probably changed to Journal. Republican. 
Citizen, 1868-1873: E. F. Chittenden was editor and publisher. 


Illinois Hekald. 1814' i8i6-f : The first paper in Illinois, pub- 
lished by Matthew Duncan,' printer to the territory and publisher 
of the laws of the Union to 1815 ; Robert Blackwell and Daniel 

• Vol I. no. JO. U dkUd Deoombcf ij. t4l4. '* *he [»»pe«" *»• reguUrly 
iuuad aod aumbeiwd. it mu^t tberefora h*v« boMi bicun Juim 14. ili4- Bui an 
advert bcmmt la the one number exuat ii dated May 18, 1814. 

> Matthew Duncan. th« first printer to Illinoii. «-&* an rider tmttur o( 
OoVBrmif Jooeph Duncan. Ho w»« bora in KeatueVy after timdnallon from 
Vale CoUege, he nturaed to hi« lutivc cUtc. aod lor a tiro« «dlt«d a pap«rst 
RnMetlWIte enUtlod th« Mirror, which had been ntablUhcl Navember 1, tfto6. 
Proni that b« bocame editor of Famtrr't Friend. bcKun in the urae toim ia 1 fto«. 
Nician Kflwarrtt, firtt tcrrllorUi Bovemor of IIHnolt, had been a lawyrrat RumtII- 
vitl« and wa« hi« (Hand. Throueh bfio Dnncan Mcurad tiw tirinting o( th« first 
edition of the IMinoi* TerriterUl Lair*. lamed from fab pro* In 181 j. In th« n^xt 
rear Duncan ma ved hji printinx nIablUhnunt to Kaakulda and bayan the tUimoit 
Htmid. In December nf i8i4 h« iuued ch« first pamphlet pablt>h«dinni{noui,aiH) 
In Jnnr, 181$, th« fint book, votumo oat of "Pope's Dtcen." Havtns aold bb 
paper to Danld P. Cookand Robert BlackweD In 1817, Dna^Babandooed jounwl- 
Um aod eiit«f«d the army, In vhich he roae to tome promt nenoe. >iid Mw *et|va 
■mioe In the Rtack Hawk War. On October 4. i8ji, he was made oaoKi* of 
Rangers, itadia tSji be^ma cairtain of the nrst Drsfoofu. After (our yean vi 
wrvlco h« reilitned front the army and went into bo^w at Sbelbrvllle. when 
tM died on January lO, 1844. (JuUa Dancan KJrtry. Jotrpk Dmiuam, FerfiH 
tlift. Scr. DO. 11. Chicago. i88>. Rtubta Cold ThwailM. Tkt CXtio ValUy Prat 
bfforv (Ae War of iHif-tj, p. 4j.) 

a 13 


P. Cook, 1815-1817. In 1817 EUjab C. Berry became a co- 
editor. A small sheel. with four columns to the page, and 
largely given over to the printing of official documents. In the 
hands of Blackwell and Cook, stale printers, the name was 
changed to S 

Western Intellk;encer, +1816-1818+: It was pubhshed 
weekly. Following are the files in the St. I*ouis Mercantile 
Library: 1816 — Vol. i runs from May 15, 1816, to May 21, 
1817. The volume is incomplete, lacking July 2, 16; September, 
la, 19, a6; October 9, 16. 1817 — There is lacking February 
26; May 28; June 4, It, 18, 25; July 2 to September 3. 1818 
— From Januar>--May ao the file is complete excepting February 
1 8. With the issue of May 27 the paper became the EM 

Illinois Intelugenceb. +May 27, i8i8-i8ao+ : Moved to Van- 
dalia in i8ao. The files for 1818 and 1819 are complete except 
for March jr, 1819, in the St. Louis Mercantile Ltbrar)*. EMHA 

Republican Advocate. February 27, 1823-March a, 1824 + : A pro- 
slavery paper established and nominally edited by R. K. Fleming. 
Elias Kent Kaoc seems to have been the real editor until he was 
elected to the Senate in 1824, after which time John Reynolds 
was probably in control. The paper was in favor of a conven- 
tion in 1824 and of slavery, but was open to letters against 
both causes. It supported Crawford. With the number for 
January 2a, 1S34, the editorship passed to William Orr, who 
changi-d the title to F 

Kaskaskia Republican, +March 9, i8a4-i825(?): William Orr 
was editor and gave ardent support to the convention party. 
The paper was still being published in October, but was tem- 
porarily discontinued, probably in 1825. After a period of sus 
pension it was revived as ASF 

Illinois Reporter, i826-i82g(?}: William Orr was editor. He 
denied af&iialion with any party in (he State, and felt impelled 
lo rally the virtuous and intelligent to the standard of another 
party. Apparently his rally was not successful, for he sold to 
Sidney Breeze within a few months — in June or July. Under 
Breeze the paper supported the administration and Daniel P. 
Cook, though Breeze had been a Jackson man. L. O. Schradcr 
was Breeze's publisher for a while, and was probably succeeded 
in 1828 by R. K. Fleming A 

Western Democrat, August 19, 1829-1830+ : Established by R. 
K. Fleming. Hooper Warren announced, in the Galena Adver- 
tiser for August 31, receipt of the first number, saying, "This is 
the sixth paper now published in Illinois." The editorial ad- 
dress includca, "As we published, in this state, pending the late 



presidential canvass, the only paptir which took a decided stand 
in favor of the successful competitor for the first office in the 
nation, it will scarcely be expected by those who were, of right, 
in the opposition, that we should now retrace our steps . . . etc." 
Although Fleming was printer, and the only person whose name 
appeared on the paper, it is clear that Sidney Breeze was really 
editor. He wrote to Ninian Edwards September 21, 1830: "If 
I remain in puliiirs I am determined lo make Gov. Reynolds 
chocse between Smith ana myself, in other words between the 
Crisis and Democrat. . . . Do give your views of them, edito- 
rially, thro' me, in the Democrat." The paper supported Rey- 
nolds for governor. Title changed to A 
Kaskaskia Deuocsat, -Hjanuary 2, 1830-1831: In the issue for 
November 27, 1830 (vol. 2, no. 9) the editor announced that 
the paper had 300 subscribers. In the Western Ploughboy for 
January 34, 1832, a news item reveals that "the Kaskaskia 
Democrat has been discontinued." A file, in two bound volumes, 
was in the library of Judge Sidney Breeze at the time of his 
death, but it has not been recendv located. AM 

Randolph Free Press, 


T832: Published by R. K. Fleming. 

Repctbucan, June, 1840-1849; Published at first by James Fitz- 
simmons. At the beginning of vol. 2 J. D. Owings and M. 
Morrison were editors ; William E. Jones was proprietor. Pub- 
lication was suspended in 1844, and the outht was bought by 
Pierre Menard, who allowed any one to use it who would run a 
paper. Publication was revived in 1846 by Parsons Percy and 
aMr. Wallace. From them it passed in 184810 Peter W.Baker; 
then B. J. F. Hanna bought the plant, and in 1849 removed 
it to Chester, where he published the Herald. Cairo SA 

keithsburg, mercer county 

Observer, 1856-1858+ : It was edited by Col. Patterson. In- 
dependent as to politics, Changed to 

Merceb County Democrat, -I-185S-1859; A Democratic paper 
edited by W. R. Calhoun. 

Northern Iixraois Coumebcial, 1859: Short-lived. Published 
by a commercial company with Mr. Calhoun as editor. 

Democratic Press, 1860-1861: Owned by Thomas B. Cabeen 
and conducted by V. B. Shouf. 

Obbervxh, 1862-1870; A revival of the former Observer, by J. A. 
J. and G. D. B, Birdsall. The latter seems not to have l)een 
actively connected with the paper. At first non-partisan; later 
Democratic. Sold in 1865 to A. G. Lucas, who conducted it as 



a Republican paper for one year and sold to Isaac McManus, 
who after six months sold to Theodore Glancey. In rS;© 
Glancey sold the paper and it was removed. 
West Enp KznANA, 1871-1573: Established by Theodore Glancey : 
afterward called Kerana. Henry Hurst, and later Edward 
Thomas, were connected «ith Glancey on the paper. 

News, April, 1874 to date: Started by W. C. Brown. Afterward 
owned by Taylor and Blackmaji, T. B. Cabeen and C. A. Frickc, 
and William H. Hcalon. Heaton secured the paper in 1877 
and conducted it as a Greenback publicatioQ. It has been con- 
ducted by George W. Dick since 1902. D 


Register. 1875-1876: Owned and edited by W. L. Glessner, pub- 
lisher of the Clinton Regifter. The Kenney Reghter was printed 
in the office of the Clinton Register, and distributed in Kenney. 
It was continued more than one year, beginning July 16, 1875. 

Record, 1877: Established by J. \V. Wolfe; published one year, 
then abandoned. The office wa.s moved to Mi. Pulaski, Logan 


Hemry County Dial, 1855-1868+ : It was run by citizens of Ke- 
wanee and edited by J. H. Howe until September. 1855, when 
C. Bassett became its owner. In June, 1856, he sold it to 
J. H. Howe and H. M. Patrick. Novcmljcr 13, 1856, Mr. Howe 
sold his interest to his partner, who asso<.:iatcd O. White with 
himself as editor. Mr. White withdrew January 8, 1857. Mr. 
Patrick conducted it alone, 1857-1858; L. D. Bishop, 1858- 
i860. J. E. Wheeler, one uf the founders of the Chicago Tribune, 
was editor from 1858 or 1859 until 1866. He was succeeded 
by Hiram Wyatl, wlio associated with himself Mr. Shurlleff 
during the campaign of 1868. George W. Wilson soon became 
editor and proprietor and he sold to N. W. Fuller, who changed 
the name to the F 

ICewaxee Radical. +1868-1870; The paper was discontinued in 

Advertiser, February, 1856 (?J: Established by Chauncey 

Bassett. The first of several papt-rs bearing this name. F 

Tennev, Hardy and Company's Advehtiseb, 1856-1863: Issued 
the first year by Tenncy. Hardy, and Company, then by C. 
Bassett. It was published monthly. 

Union Democrat. July, 1863-November. 1864: Published by 
C. Bassett. P 



Advertisek, April, i866-Movember, 1B67: Started by C. Bassett. 

Illinois .\dvebtiser, 1868-1869 : Issutd from the office of the Did 
as an aavcrtising sheet. 

Advebtiser, July, 1870-1871 + : Started by C. Basset! and after six 
muQths changed to>ent, +1871 (?): Fldiled and published by C. 

Bassett. Discontinued after 1895, the Democrat succeeding. 

Public School Messenger, January. 1870-1872: Edited hy W. 
H. RusseJI, superintendent of schools. Published one year by 
N. W. Fuller, and one by C. Bassett. ' P 

Courier, March, 1876 to date: Established by C. N. Whitney, 
who retired in 1879, when T. H. Cheslcy and Brother leased the 
plant. In January, 1882, it was purchased by T. H. Chesley. 
who published it twenty years, when it was sold to h. W. Chand- 
ler and others. In 1896 it was purchased by Delano and Hen- 
derson, soon afterward again to the management of T. H. Ches- 
ley. In May, 1898, it was consoh'dated with the Star under the 
name of the Star-Courier, published daily and weekly. It is 
now owned and continued under this name by the Kewanee 
Printing and Publishing Company. DaDy began in 1S95. P 


Telegram 1867-1868-1-: Established by Col. J. W. Fuller; sold 
to H. H. Chesley, who in 186S sold to out Messrs. O'Bryanl and 
Pyles. In July, 1868, Pyles withdrew, when O'BryaDt changed 
the name to 

Democrat, +1868+ : In four months the name was again 
changed to 

Independent, -i-r868 to date: Hazleton bought an interest in the 
paper; his connection was brief. In November, 1871, Edward 
Freeman purchased the olTicc. In 1873 J. R. Grove became 
partner. In three months Grove withdrew. Freeman was 
editor and publisher in 1879; F. O. Grissom in 1907. Neutral 
in politics. U 

Bulletin, January i-April, 1875: Edited and published by T. B. 
Pyles. Thirteen numbers were issued. 

Register, April i-September, 1879: Established by W. L. Arnold. 
Twenty-six numbers were issued, after which the plant was 
taken back (o Salem, whence it had been brought. 


News, 1875-1880: W. H. Leedham was editor and publisher. 




Journal, 1849-1856: Edited by John S. Winter under the firm 
name of Winter and Collins, 1849-1852 ; Mr. Winter, sule editor 
and proprietor, 1852-1855; John Regan, 1855-1856. It was at 
first Independent as to politics. Under Mr. Regan it became a 
Democratic paper. F 

Journal and Advkrtiseb, i856(?]: Listed in Coggeshall's news- 
paper directory for 1856. 

Knox Republican, October 8, 1856 to date: First edited by John 
Regan. Started as a campaign sheet two weeks prior to the 
presidential election in 1856; two weeks after the election it 
passed into the hands of John S. Winter, John Winter, and R. 
M. Unions. Aprt] 7, 1858, John S. Winter and Company retired 
from the management and Beatty and Robinson became editors 
and publishers. Mr. Beatty retired, leaving W. T. Robinson 
publisher and sale proprietor, whu in 1875 sold out to F. A. 
Lanstrum. In 1876 it fell into the hands of the pR*scnt editor 
and publisher, O. L. Campbell. It is said that this paper was 
the first to bring out the name of Abraham Lincoln for the 
presidency in i860. F 

Zion's Banes, 1871 (?): Edited by Rev. C Anderson, pub- 
lished by George Larkee. A Swedish -Lutheran journal, semi- 
monthly. (See under Galesburg, p. 186.) 

Knox County Review, 1879 (?): N. J. Crump was editor 

and publisher. Independent. 

Diocese, 1874-1878+ : Edited by Charles W. Leffingwell, Rector 
of St. Mary's School, KnojcviLlc. January i, 1879, the name 
was changed to Province (vol. 6, no. i), edited by George H. 
Higgins. and published in Galesburg. A religious monthl y. 
published in the interests of the Episcopal church. Hu 


Leader, i86i(?): Listed without detatb in Kenney's Arturican 
Newspaper Directory for 1861. 


Herald, 1837-1840+ : At some time after March t8, 1840, became 

the A 

Illinois Gazette, +1840-1866+: W^ich was changed in 1866 

to the F 

HouE Journal, +r866+: and later the 
Journal, +1866 to d.ite: Underthese names edited by A. N. Ford, 

1837-1858; Joshua Allen, r8s»-i866; Sjiencer Ellsworth, 1866- 

1884; Spencer Ellsworth. Jr., 1884-1896; W. B. PoweU, 1896- 



1897 ; Charles F. Hacker has been editor and publisher since 
1897. It wasa weekly paper supporting at first Vt'hig, and after- 
ward Republican principles. Files are in passession of W. H. 
Ford, Lacon, and of Spencer Ellsworth, National Stock Yards, 
St. Clair county. 

Herald, 1850-1854+; Editors: Jesse T-ynch, J, W. Mason, 
Chandler and GoUiday. P. K. Barrett was editorial successor 
of Mr. Chandler. It was an advocate of Democracy. Changed to 

Sentinel. +1854-1869+ : Editors; John Harney, 1854-1857; Ira 
Norris, 1857-1869; William French, 1869. Mr. French sold to 
Myers and Bell and the name became the 

Illinois Statesman, +1869-1873: French and Grcist as editors 
and publishers, 1869; C. DeHart and Company, 1870; William 
French, 1871; Bell and Wilson, 1872; W. B. Taplev. 1873. 

Intelligencer, iS5s-(after 1858): Edited and published in 1858 
by Ira Norris. F 

Deuocrat, 1867-1868: EslabUsfacd by J. S. Ford, who discontinued 
the paper after one year. An office was subsequently brought 
from Chillicoihe and the publication continued. 

Marsball County Democrat. 1876 to date: In 1879 William B. 
Whiffen was editor and publisher; in 190S Frank C. Sorrels. 


Hancock Democrat, +1853; Edited by Dr. Rankin, who removed 
it from Warsaw, ran it a few months, and sold to Thadcus 
Clark and Wesley H. Manier. He moved it to Carthage and 
established the Republican. {SccVk'ar&&.wCommcrciai Joumai.) 

Stab of the West. 1858 ori859: Published by Henry King and 
Frank Nash. Short-lived. 

HOUE News, 1869-— (?): Published by James L. King. Con- 
tinued but a short time. 

Leader, November, 1874-1875+ : Begun by H. G. Rising, .\fter 
a year it was sold to L. S. Cogswell, who changed it to 

La Habpeb, +1875 to date: Sold in 1878 to J. C. CotJson, who 
continues to pubH-sh it. Effie M. Coulson is editor. Indt-pcn- 
dent. Files from 1906 in the office. U 


Lake Zurich Banker, 1856: Edited and published by Seth 
Paine. It was "devoted to manhood without distinction of sex, 
color, nation, or condition." Paine conducted an "untainted 
money " bank, and ran the paper to expound his principles. He 
tvas afterward sent to an insane asylum. 



Stak Spangled BA^'N£fi, 1847-1848+ : A non-political paper under 
the editorship of J. F. Bunlin. Changed to 

Ahekican Banner, + 1848-1856+ : Mr. Bunlin moved it to Olney, 
from Olney to RussellviUe and then back to LawrEncvvillc. 
Changed to 

Lawrenceville Banner, 4-1856-1858+: Still edited b) Mr. Bun- 
tin, who changed ihe name to 

Western Globe, 4-1858-1868+: At tirst it was edited b) H. C. 
McCleave and U. L. Brewer, who made it a Democratic paper. 
Mr. Buntin finally came into possession of it and associated 
with him for a time Nat. Lander. Mr. Buotin made it a Re- 
publican paper and called it the 

Lawrence County G1.0BE, +1868+ : In 1868 Buntin took it to 
Cumberland county 

Lawrence County Journal, i867-i869(?)+ ; A Democratic 
paper owned and edited by W. C. Luken. J. F. Bunlin bought 
the paper in i86g(i') and made ii the 

Lawrence County Courier, +i869-j87a(?): Published by J. F. 
Buntin for a part of the time from an office in Bridgeport. Twice 
burned out. 

Lawrence County Democrat, 1871-1873+ : Established October, 
1871, by W. C. Garrard, editor and publisher. Sold after two 
years to S. B. Rowland, who changed the name to 

Farmers' Union, +1873-1874+: T. B. Lowery was editor and 
ran the paper in the interest uf the Grange movement. In 1874 
it became the 

DEMOCitATic Herald, + 1874 to date (1895) : J. W. Mcbaffy suc- 
ceeded Lowery as editor and made a Democratic paper of the 
sheet. Rowland sold in December, 1875, to James K. Dicker- 
son, who sold in December. 1878, to Riley and Garrard. Will 
M. Garrard became owner in January, 18S0. After one year 
Huffman and Meserve bought the paper ana Frank C. Meserve 
became editor. In 1891-1895 Charles F. Breen was editor. 

RuKAL REPtnsuCAK, 1873 to date (1895): Established by Daniel 
L. Gold. In 1874 or 1875 Mary Buntin bought the paper. She 
sold to Sam B. Day in November, iS8o. In 1891 E. S. Kings- 
bury and Company were editors and publishers; H. B. Andrews, 

Illinois Advocate and Lebanon Journal, 1848-1852 : A religious 
paper published under the direction of the Trustees of McKen- 
dree College ; edited by E. Wentworth and others. 



LiTEEARY Gem, 1855-1856: Published by Collins Van Cleve. It 
was Republican. 

Illinois Sons of Temperance, 1S60-1S62: EstabUshed by George 
W. Moore and James P. Snell. In 1863 it was suspended. 

Journal, 1S67 to date: Established by H. H. Simmons. In 1873 
he sold to Dr. T. W. Eckcri who in 1875 sold to J. S. Padon. In 
1876 Eckertrepurdiased the paper and in 1877 sold to Nelson Ab- 
bott. Mortgage was foreclosed and the paper reverted to Eckeit. 
In 1878 he sold to J. R. Connor, who in turn sold to J. F. Ash and 
the name was chan^d to Reve^iit. In 1881 the office passed into 
the hands of O. V. Jones and in the same year it was changed 
back to Journal, Jones associated with himself C. W. Metzer 
for three months. In 1885 at the death of Jones, bis son, Wil- 
liam L. Jones, became sole editor, owner, and publisher. 

Courier, 1876: Established by E. H. EWiS. A Democratic cam- 
paign paper. At dose of campaign the office was moved to 
Red Bud. 

McKendree REPOsrroRY, 1867-1876: At first edited and pub- 
lished by students of McKendree College ; later by members of 
the literary societies of that institution. A semi-monthly. 


Monitor, 1878-- {?): Established by Ena G. Cass and J. B. 

Gardner, May, 1878. Printed in the office of the LeeCouniy 
Times. Paw Paw Grove. 


Gazette, 1870: B. Van Buren was editor and publisher. 

Phoenix, 1877-1875: W. P. Haughey was editor, McDonald Fer- 
ries and Company publishers in 1877 ; Haughey was editor and 
publisher in 1879. Printed at the oflice of the Jolict Phoenix. 


Star, January 4, 1867 to dale: Established by John W. Gishwillcr 
and Samuel J. Dodds, with Dodds as editor. In March Dodds 
withdrew, and in May John M. Shannon took control of the 
paper. James S. McCaJl bought out Shannon on February 12, 
1869, and James W. Newcomer became editor and manager. 
W. W. Lowis bought the paper April 5, 1878, and sold to A. O. 
Rupp April, 1892. Irving S. Croizer bought it the next year. 
Charles O. Piper bought the paper on March 24, 1905, and com- 
bined with it the Independent (established 1900) , the property was 
held by an incorporated company. Howard C. Anman became 
editor and manager August 27, 1908. October 2a, 1909, D. W. 



Gahagan bought the concern and is running the paper. Repub- 
lican. Published twice a week. November 3, 1908-May 7, 1909. 
Files in office. 


ExcHANOK, September. 1870-1873: Established and conducted by 
J. W. Wolfe. He i.s said to have gone then to Mt. I'ulasici and 
to have started the Citizen, although the account of that paper 
docs not agree in detail nith such a statement. 

Sucker State, 1871 : A short-Hved paper started by J. S. Harper; 
in 1872 Harper and Salim were editors and publishers. 

Enterprise, 1874: Established by C. M. Davis. Independent. U 


Fulton Democrat, 1840 (?): The first paper printed in 

Lewistown; was published in 1840 by William McDowell for 

perhaps a year. 
Fulton Bakner. 1843-1845: Published by Billmire and Conner. 

A paper of the same name was published in Canton on 1846. 
Republican, March 19. 1844-1854: Edited by Henry Young. It 

was a Whig paper and favored Clay's election to the presidency.A 

Fdlton Gazette, 1845-1846: Published by Charles McDowell 
and J. M. Davidson. 

Tllinois Public Ledghr, 1850-1854: It was established and at 
first edited by S. S. Brooks, later by C. E Griffith. Joseph 
Dyckes was its proprietor. Moved to Canton. S 

Fulton Democrat, July, 1855 to date: The Jirst editor was J. M- 
Davidson, 1855-1858; Davidson Brothers for a brief lime ia 
1858; William T. Davidson, 1S58 to date. For a few months 
called Lewistown Democrat Independent-Democratic in poli- 
tics. F 

Illinois Pubuc Register, 1854: Publbhed thirteen weeks by 
J. M. Rankin. 

Union, 1864 (i865?)-i87i: F^tablished by DeWitt Bryant. 
Changed hands often, being owTied for a time by Phelps and 
Bryant, then by Phelps and 0. A. Hyde, then by G. A. Hyde 
and his father, and finally by G. A. Hyde alone. The paper 
ceased publication in 1871 when the equipment was moved to 

News, 1875 to date: Established by George Yamell to advertise 
his job ofl&ce. He made it a regular newspaper in 1876. No- 
vember, 1879, it was merged with the Vermont Chronicle, taking 
the name News-Chronkle. published by Yamell and W. L. 
Ketchum, of the Chronw-U. In 1881 tt passed into the hands of 



Sdah Wheadon, who took L. C. Brecdcn into partnership in 
1882. Wheadon died in 1883 and Brceden continued as editor 
and publisher iiniil 1906, when he was succeeded by W. D. Meek. 

Democratic since 1883. 


GiOBE, 1858-1863: Established in 1858 by James U. Moudy with 
J. A. Anderson as associate editor. Moudy sold to Ira A. Bat- 
terton and W. F. Craig in March, 1859. Batterton sold out to 
Craig in the fali of 1859. Craig sold his interest in the paper to 
George W. Knotis and Jacob C. Mahan in t86o. The Giobe 
was Independent in politics until Batterton and Craig purchased 
it ; it then became and remained strongly Republican. Files 
from 1859 to 1S61 in possession of A. V. Piersun, Lexington, 
Illinois. It was succeeded by Uie 

Hrrai-d, April, 1863 (?): Esta Wished by Isaac S. Mahan with 

John D. Rogers as associate editor. Independent in politics, A 
few copies are in passession of A. V. Pierson, Lexington, Illinois. 

CoDBiER. April, 1869-1871 + : Established by J. W. Fisher and E. 
W. Edwards. They sold to Thomas Faddis, who then sold to 
Bovard Brothers. Independent. They changed the name to 

Banner. +1871-1872: H. H. Parkinson was publisher. Pro- 

Mackinaw Sentinel. January, 1871-1873+: Independent. Es- 
tablished by John D. Rogers and I. S. Mahan. They were suc- 
ceeded bv C. M. King, who changed the name of the paper to 

Entebphise, -|-r873-i877(?): C. M. King was editor and pub- 
lisher. Independent. 

Monitor, 1875 (?): Established by Bovard Brothers. 

Local Leader, 1879-1883-f : Established by Keifer and Leek. 
C. M. Leek wai. editor in 1879. In March, 1883, it was suc- 
ceeded by the Review, of which W. H. Shepherd and Stark were 
proprietors. Greenback. 


Herald, January i, 1856 to date; It was founded and cuitcd by 
Koudy and Fuller, 1856; Joseph Reed, 1856-1857; O. C. Dake 
for a joint stock compaay of twelve persons. 1857-1860; A. B. 
McKenzie had a controlling interest, 1860-1863; J. C. Webster, 
1863-1866; Andrew McGaUiard, 1866-1873; Smith and Mills, 
1873-1877; F. B. Mills, 1877-igoi; Pinkcrton and Cross com- 
bined the paper with tlic News as the Ncws-Heraid; Morris 
Emmcrson, 1902 to date. A daily issue since 1903. Repub- 


Logan County Democrat, 1856-1863+: Cootrolled by a joint 
stock company, 1856-186.^; Samuel JobnsoD from late in 1863 
until he sold it to J. C. Wehster, in 1864, who merged it into the 
Herald. Under Mr. Johnson it was known as the 

Logan County Cou&ieb, +1864. ^ 

Experiment, January 4. i860 (?): Established by Stephenson 

and Bowen ; issued daily. It was published but a few months. 

Inteixigencer, June, 1866-1869: Established by Henry Sturgess. 
Sold in 1867 to D. L. Ambrose. The paper was discontinued 
in Lincoln, 1869. and moved to Winchester, Scott county. 

Statesman, 1867-1873 + : Established by Thomas J. Sharp. 
About December, 1873, the Statesman was bought by Samuel 
Reed, who formed a partnership with R. B. Forrest of the /i^umo/ 
The two papers were united to form the Lincoln Times. Demo- 

Silver Leaf, i872(?) (?): An amateur monthly, conducted 

by James T. Freeman in 1872. 

Journal, May to December, 1873+: Founded by Wallace Nail, 
who sold in December, 1873, to R. B. Forrest. The latter 
formed a partnership with Samuel Reed, and they merged the 
Journal and the StaUsman into the Times. Demucratic. 

TncES, +December, 1873 to date: Formed late in 1873 or early In 
1874 by the union of the Statesman and the Journal; Samuel 
Reed and R. B. Forrest, publishers. December, 1875 to i88o 
Wallace Nail and Brother were proprietors. On January i, 
i88o, the Times was sold to T. H. Stokes, 1S80-1895; Smith 
and Baskett. 1896-1903, Sold to John Edmonds and Clara W. 
Moulden and consolidated with Courier as Times-Courier. 

Alumni Journal, 1873-1877 ; A college montlily, published by the 
alumni of Lincoln University. 

Illinois Volkstreund, February, 1874-1875 : Established by T. 
J. Sharp ; bought in spring of same year by L. P. Wolf and 
Charles E. Knorr. Knorr retired in October, 1874. leaving 
Wolf sole owner. German. In 1875 the paper was purchased 
by Mr. Fisher, who changed the name to the 

Volksblatt. +1875 to date: Bought by Nail Brothers in 1876. 
C. E. Knorr bought it again in 1877 and conducted it until 1898. 
In 1898 it was bought by P. F. Mueller and consolidated with 
the Rundschau (established 1896), as the Volksbiatt-Rundschau. 
It was bought in 1905 by Scxauer Brothers. In 1908 EmU 
Sexauer purchased the interest of B. F. Sexauer and now is the 
sole proprietor and publisher. Democratic. 



Sbakp's Weekly Statesuan. February, 1874-1876: Fuunded by 
Thomas J. Sharp. Democratic. November. 1875, Sharp asso- 
ciated with himself Colond W. D. Wyatl, and ihey started in 
connection with Sharp^s Weekly Statesman the 

Daily Statesman. November 1, 1875-1876+: Established by 
Thomas J. Sharp and Colonel W. D. Wyatt. April, 1876. Mrs. 
Anna Wyatt became owner and changed the name to 

Daily News, +1876-1877+: Changed from DaUy Statesman by 
Mrs Anna Wyatt, owner, from April, 1876. Colonel Wyatt 
remained as editor until August, 1876. From then until March 
17, 1877, the office was leased to Samuel Rccd. Joseph B. Bates 
purchased it March 17, 1877, and established the 

Logan County Republican, +1877-1879: Established by Joseph 
B. Bates, who had purchased the DaUy News, and changed it to 
a weekly. It was bought February 4. 1879, by F. B. Mills and 
merged into the Herald. 

Logan County Journal. June-October, 1877: Established by K. 
F. L. Rautenberg. In October, 1877, it was consolidated with 
the Voiksblait by Nail Brothers, about the time the Vtfikshlall 
was sold to Knorr. German. 

Logan County Bee, 1877: Established by George L. Shoals, 
editor of the Atlanta Argus. Published six months and discon- 

Sentinel, July, 1878-March, i88j : Established by Dutcher and 
Pierce; Pierce withdrew soon after and Dutcher then sold to A. 
F. Smith; Smith published the paper until March, 1881, when it 
was discontinued. Daily. 

Daily News, November, 1878 (?): Established by Wolf and 

Edmonds; name changed to Daily Times and later, in July, 1879, 
to Leader,iD4 published for fifteen months thereafter by Edmonds 

A. O. U. W. AND L O. M. A. Reporter. 1878-1880: The official 
organ of Ancient Order of United Workmen and Independent 
Order of Mutual Aid. Edited and published by William A. 
Howard. Semi-monthly. 

Call, March, 1879 : Established by McBclh and Hawlcy and pub- 
lished but a few months. Daily. 

Temperance Bugle, March 15, 1879-1880: "A temperance paper 
for the West, devoted to Prohibition, Social and Political reform." 
Edited by Albert F. Smith. 

Leader, 1879 (?): Established by Edmunds Brothers. Daily. 



Journal, April, 1855-1863+ : Edited and published by H. 
Coolidge, who removed from Cazcnovia. N. Y., in Fcbniar>-, 
1857. In May it announced the «ews expressed by Douglas in 
December following. It supported Douglas for senator in 1858 
and for president in i860. Leased in 1863 to a Mr. Cook, then 
to John Harris and Thomas B. Fuller, who changed the name to F 

Deuocbat, +1863-1864+ : Aiitrr a year under the editorship of 
B. F. Burnett, Cootidge sold the office to E. J . Ellis, who changed 
the name to 

Prairie City Advocate, + 1864-Ociober, 1865+ : This in 1865 
became the 

News, +1865-1867: Owned by E. J. C. /Vlexander, who made it 
a Republican paper. Discontinued in April, 1866, though Alex- 
ander prinlid ]>urt of his HUIslioro Monitor as the News until 

Caupaiun£R, i860; A campaign paper established by J. P. Bayless 
and Dr. H. H. Hood. Only a few numbers were issued. 

lNDEPENr>ENT, J u DC-Sept ember, 1861+: Established by Kimball 
and Taylor; edited by H. A. Coolidge. After fifteen issues 
consolidated with the Monitor. 

Illinois Free Press, May, 1862: Removed from HUlsboro by its 
editor, J. B. Hutchinson. Suspended after a few weeks. 

kBPUBLlCAN MoNFTOR, December, 1867-1868+ ; Edited by B. S. 
Hood. After four months it became the 

Union MoNrroH, +1868 to date (1895); Hood sold to C. L. 
Bangs and Ed. Gray in 1870, but remained on the staff. After 
many changes H. A. Coolidge l>ecame editor in 1873. B. S. 
Hood became editor again on 187S. and continued until after 
1884. In iSgi-1895 S. W. Kessinger was editor and publisher. 

Review. Summer — December 5. 1872; Established by William 
Fithian, formerly an editor of the Monitor. George B. Litch- 
field was printer. Suspended December 5 and material sold to 

MONTGOMKRY CouNTY Dkmocrat, November, 1874 (?) : Estab- 
lished by G. B. Litchfield, who was connected with Coolidge in 
the Union Monitor for .some time before 1S74, and Robert S. 
Young, .\tter a few months Litchfield assumed sole manage- 
ment. For a year in 1879-1880 Col. Ben. E. Johnson was asso- 
ciated with Litchfield as editor and business manager. After 
Johnson withdrew Litchlk-ld sold to Charles Tobin, who after- 
ward changed the name to Adz'Oiate. U 

Liberal, 1872 : B. S- Young was editor and publisher. 




Little Fort Porcupine and Dewocsatic Banner, March 4, 1845- 
(after March, 1847) : Established by A. B. Wynktwp as propri- 
etor, and N. W. Fuller &• publisher. With the number for 
October so N. W. Fuller's name is given as editor; on Sep- 
tember 23, 1846. A. B. Wynkoop was editor, proprietor and pub- 
lisher, and remained so to the end of the second volume. H 

Lake Coltnty Visiter, April »o, 1847 ( ?) : H. W. Blodgelt was 

editor and N. W. Fuller publisher. Declined to publish adver- 
tisements of intoxicating liquors. A file of about six muntha 
does not show any change in these items. The paper was pro- 
htbilion and autislavcry. No mention is made in its columns 
of the Porcupine. It may be surmised that the Porcupine 
was discontinued at about the time the Visiter was begun. H 


Press, + February, 1854: Edited by Charles R. Fisk. 
three months and then moved to Mendota. 

Will County Tet.egraph, 1848- 


-(?): Edited by H. M. Fuller. 
1848-1849; edited by Judge 0. D. A. Parks and published by 
Mr. Fuller, 1849-1850; John M. Mwrn was editor for citizens 
who owned it, 1850; Dr. J. F. Daggett, who was for a few months, 
assisted by Mrs. P, W. B. Carothers, 1850-1857. The paper 
underwent several changes in proprietors. It was Independent 
in politics. Vol. 3, no. 3, is in the possession of Frank W. 
Scott, Urbana, Illinois. KF 

Phoenix, 1875-19014-: Edited by J. S. McDonald. McDooaJd, 
Ferriss and Company, publishers in 1876; John Curran, 1884; 
Leon McDonald, 1891-1901. One of a group of Phoenixes 
printed in Joliet. Consolidated with Advertiser 

American Educator, 1875-1882C?): L. W. Applegate, editor and 
publisher in iSSa. Monthly. 

Standard, 1876-1878+ : Became 

Will County Comuekcial Aovertisek, -1-1878-1901 + : Pub- 
lished by Hawlcy and Curran, 1878-1879; A. G. Hawley, i88o- 
iSgg; T. A. Chcadle, r899-i9oi. In 1901 this paper and 
Phoenix were consolidated under the ownership of the Will 
County Printing Company, and the editorship of Leon Mc- 
Donald and T. A. Cheadle. On this basis the paper is still 
published. Republican. 

Courier, 1873 lo date (1874): Edited and published by Cook and 
Grirowood. Independent. 



Garden State. 1856-1860: Established by D, S. Crandall; edited 
and published by C. E. and E. R. CramiaU in 1857. Indepen- 
dent in politics; continued four years. F 

Independent, 1866: Published for one year by J. W. Wolfe. 

News, 1871-1873 : Published for two years by A. E. Rathbun. 

Register, 1875 to date : Edited and published hy Dr. J. C. Dunham. 
Dr. E. McBumey was editor from about 1K90 to 1908. In 1908 
Addison G. Curtis became editor. The office of issue was moved 
to PaxtOD in 1883. In 1900 Dunham sold the paper to J. 
W. Dunnan. 

Times, i879-(after 1891): Edited by Volney Weaver; published 
by N. E. Stevens. 


JotrsNAi, 1872-1873: A short-lived paper issued by Samuel Silik. 
Printed at the oflBce of the EI Paso Journal. 


JotntNAX, 1872-1873: E. F. Baldwin was editor and publisher. 
An edition of the El Paso Journal. Republican. 


Jacksonian Democrat, before 1859-1866: Thomas H. Dawson 

was editor in 1859 and until 1865, when he sold to John Fanis. 

Farris discontinued it in 1S66. Democratic. 
Voice of the Pkople, 1864-1873+ : A Republican paper edited 

and published by Edward Hitchcock, 1864-1873; C. R. Davis, 

1872-1873. He sold to Kendall and Miller, who changed the 

name to 
Clav County Tribune, +1873-1877: Kendall withdrew in 1874 

and H. R. Miller continued the paper until 1877, when the plant 

was removed to Vandalia. 
Ledger, 1868-1877; 1882-1907: A Democratic paper financed by 

Robert McColIum and Gen. James B. Smith. Thomas B. Pyles 

was editor, 1868-1873; J. A. Apperson, 1873-1875; W. H. 

Hudelson, 1875-1876; C. R. Davis, 1876-1877; G. Hoflf, a short 

time in 1877; J. T. McCoUum became editor in 1877 and 

changed the title to 
Ledger Democrat, 4- 1877-1882-t- : But when J. A. Henry became 

editor in 1882 the old name Ledger was resumed. Henry was 

editor, 1882-1891 ; O. C. Gaston, i8ot igo6. The paper was 

discontinued id Iijo6, but was revived for a few months in 1907 

by John B. Bamhill. 



Index, 1875-1876+ : Edited by D. C. Whetzell. In 1876 the paper 
passed into the hands of VV. C. Devon:, who changed the name to 

Free Press, + 1876: Edited and pubJished by W. C. Devore. In- 
dependent. Later he moved to Farmer City. 

Enterprise, i879-(about i88a) : Established by Benjamin Biddle- 
come. W. J. Priest was assodated with him. In 1880 Priest 
was succeeded by W. S. Tolby. In 1880, called the Weekly En- 
terprise. It was discontinued about 1882, after several changes 
in ownership. 


Genius of Universal Emancipation, (see Hennepin) 

Genius or Libesty, December 19, 1840-April, 1842: Established 
by the La Salic County Anti-Slavery Society, with Zcbina East- 
man and Hooper Warren as editors and publication agents. 
Beginning July, 1841, it became the organ of the Illinois Anti- 
Slavery Society. The paper suspended publication in April, 
184a, but was revived three months later in Chicago as Western 
CUizen. HA 


Sentinel, 1877: Power and Harl, publishers. Democratic. 


Free Press, 1873-1875: John Gray, editor, Lyndon Publishing 
Company publishers. 1874; R. C. Olin, editor, William C. 
Snyder, publisher. 1875. Printed at the office of the Fulton 
Jeumai. Republican. 

Mchenry, Mchenry county 

Plainkealeb, 187s to date: A Republican paper with J. Van Slyke 
as editor and publisher. In 1909 F. G. Schreiner was editor 
and publisher. 


News, 1855 + : Edited by J. D. Moody. Changed to 

Sucker, +1855-1860+ : Which was edited by A. J. Alden. In all, 
six volumes were published. In i860 Mr. Alden sold the Svcier 
to J. W. Mcador, who changed the name to 

Hamilton Express, +1860 (?)+ : J. W. Meador bought the 

Sucker and renamed it as above. He soon sold to C. C. Car- 
penter, who renamed the paper 


Hamilton Deuocrat. + (?)+ : After a few months a tramp 

printer named Martin rented the establishment and changed the 
paper's name to 

Vox PopfLi, +• (?): Soon suspended. All of these pa,pers were 

Democratic. Material afterward sold and used to publish 

Union Eagle, 1864-1865+: T. L. Lockhart bought the Vox 
Populi outfit, and John P. Stelle became editor, conducting tt as 
a Republican paper until the spring of 1865. when it was sold 
and became the 

Hamilton Deuocrat, +1865-1869+: Owned by Lorenz Good- 
ridge, edited and managed by T T. Wilson as a Democratic 
paper. Wilson soon retired and the paper was continued by 
Goodridgc until bis death, after which C. E. Wolfe was editor 
for a lime T. B. Stdle thi;n Inxamr propriclor. In i86q R. L. 
Brown bought the paper and named it tlic 

TmES, +1869 to date: R. L. Brown sold, in 1872, to George K. 
and John C. Edwards who sup]>orted Horace Greeley for the 
presidency. M. B. Friend bought the paper in the spring of 1S73. 
It was suspended for a time on account of a cunQagration. 
Friend sold in October, 1878. to J. R. ajid C. Campbell. J. R. 
Campbell became sole owner in 188,^. He was succeeded by 
Danid and Howell, who were running the paoer in 1907. Later 
Frank Locket took charge of it. It is now edited by M. E. 

Golden Era, January, 187 3-1884: Established as a Republican 
paper by John Cokcr and John P. Stelle, as Coker and Stelle. 
Id 1873 the proprietors were Stelle and Mrs. Catherine Coker. 
In January, 1874, W. W. Davissan bought an interest in the 
paper. Published by Davisson and Stelle until March, 1878, 
when Davisson assumed full ownership. He sold in 1884 tb 
J. R. Campbell, when it ceased publication. About 1876 the 
Golden Era l>ecame a Greenback paper and remained so untfl 

Christian Instructor. January, ( ?)i872 : Edited b> Geoi^ 

P. Slade. C. E. Wolfe was one of the publishers. Published 
but a few months. 

pROCRESSi\'E Farukr, 1872-187.^ Edited by John P. Stelle. A 
monthly paper published from the offKe of the Golden Era for 
ablaut a year. Moved to EvansviUc, Indiana. 

Hamilton County Hkrau), 1876-1878: Niles B. Friend, editor 
and proprietor. Democratic. It was moved elsewhere after 
two years, 

MACOMB, Mcdonough covktv 


MACOMB, Mcdonough county 

McDonoughIndf:pen-denx,i85i-i855+ : Begun as an Independent 
paper edited by George W. Smith and published by Theodore 
L. Terry. It Iiecame Dcmocrwtic in the last year of its career, 
advocating the Kansas-Nebraska hill and (Apposing the repeal 
of the fugitive slave law. It was changed lo 

McDoNODGH Independent and Demochatic Review, and on 
September 14. 1855+, it wag changed lo the 

McDoNoucH Democrat, + 1855-1857 : When it became the Demo- 
crat R. M. Royalty became a partner with Mr. Smith, Mr. 
Royalty retired in 1^56 and Mr. Smith continued Its publication 
unli] the next year. 

Enterprise, 1855-1860+ : Established by T. S. Clarke and D. G. 
Swan with L, H. Waters as editor. Hrst a neutral paper, it soon 
came to support the anti-Nebraska cause and then the Repub- 
lican party. Mr. Clarke soon withdrew. In 1855 its publication 
was discontinued a few weeks, when B. R, Hampton became 
editor. In 1857 Mr. Swan retired and firm became Hampton 
and Fowler, 1857-1859. When, in 1S60, Mr. J. \V. Nichols 
became proprietor, he changed the name to F 

Military Tract Journal, -f-i86o-i86i + ; James K, Magte pur- 
chased a and the name became the 

Journal, -|-j86i to date: Edited by Mr. Nichols. 1862-1864. He 
sold his interest lo Mr. Magie in 1864, and T. S. Clarke became 
editor soon, assisted by C. I-. Sanders. Mr. Magic appeared 
as editor, 1865; B. R. Hampton, 1865-1870; Mr. Hampton 
and W. H. Hainline, 187&-1881 ; Mr. Hainline, 1881 to date. 
There is a complete file in the office of the Journal except the 
first year it was the Enterprise. It was Republican. 

Eacle, 1856:0 date: C. H. Whitaker. proprietor. Democratic. 
T- J. Dudman was editor in 1908. 

Ledger, i860: Started by T. S, Clarke and lived four weeks. 

Western Light. January-December, 1868: Established by S J, 
Clarke and Charles P. Whitten. Whitten retired after four 
months. Suspended in December. 

Illinois Granger, September. 1873-1876-h: Started by H. U. 
Stevens and E. A. Hail. Supported the anli-monopoly move- 
ment and the Patrons of Husbandry. Its name was changed in 

1876 to 

Independent, -*- March, 1876-1880+: Stevens bought Hail's in- 
terest in December, 1876. It supported the Independent Green- 
back movement. It was moved lo Colchester. McDonough 
county, in 1880, and became the Cokiuiler IndefendeiU. 



TsiBCTNE, September-December. 1867: Edited and published by 
John J. Smith. 


News, 1871-1877: H. K. Smith was editor and publisher. Inde- 
pendent. TJ 


Sucker State. 1879 to date: C. A. Nebekcr was editor, C. M. 
Baker, publisher, in 1880. Published under this name until 
about 1902. when it was changed to the Magnet. After a period 
of about six months, the name was changed again to the Siuker 
Statf. Files losl or destroyed, except those for the last six years, 
which are in the hands of Charles M. Pearson, wbo has been 
editor and publisher since 1903. 


CLMHKKLANn UEMtK"RAT, 1869-1H80: B. Frank Bowen was editor 
and publisher in 1869; George E. Mason. 1873-1874; George 
E. Mason, editor, Mason and Mumford, puWishers, 1875; E. 
Gorrcll. editor, Mumford and Gorrell, publishers, 1876; W. D. 
Mumford, 1877-1880. Democratic. 

Republican Mail. 1872 {?); Edward Hitchcock editor and 

publisher in 1875; William Ovcrm.Tn, 1876; Henry T. Woolen, 
1877; CaldwcU Brothers were edi[oraandpublishcrsini879. By 
1880 the name was changed to Cumberland Republican, st^I run 
by Caldwell Brothers. 


Mail, 1877-18S6: Established by D. C. Needham, who sold to G. 
W. Morris in November, same year. Subsequently two sons 
entered the firm, which became G. W, Morris and Sons, then, in 
1881. G. W. Morris and Son. Republican. The list of the 
M(Uta Mail was sold about 1886 lo the DeKaib Review. 


Scott County Arrow, 1878 to date (1884); In 1883 E. J. Pierce 
was editor, Pierce and Qapp publishers; E. J. Pierec editor 

and publisher, 1884. Republican. 


Journal, 1873-1875: John S. Harper and a Mr. Wolfe were 
editors and publishers; the paper was printed at the office of 
the Farmer_City Jtfurnal. 




Times, 187^) (?): Edited by John Regan, proprietor of the 

Elmwood Messenger, at which office the Times was printed. 


JooRNAL, August, 1856-1857 : It was published by Edward Bum- 
side. Its successor was the 

Weekly Press, with a few years' existence. 

REPtiBUCAN, 1867 to date: In 1868 D. C. Poller became editor. 
Since i863 J. B. Babcock has been editor and proprietor. Re- 
publican. Printed at Belvidere at first. U 


Western Family Monitor, 1850-1855: A bi-monthly established 
by W. H. WiUeford, and at first issued from his home, seven miles 
from Marion, where in 1838 be had set up the first printing press 
in what is now WillEamsoo county. In 1855 business men of 
Marion bought the press and stock of material, and established 

Intelligence K, 1855-1866-^ ; I. B. Jones was editor and publisher. 
There were many changes in editors, publishers, and managers. 
It is said chat Robert G. IngcrsoU was manager and editor for a 
time while he practiced there as a lawyer. In 1881 DeBard Rock 
and John McGarvcy were editors and managers. Suspended 
for awhile after the beginning of the Civil War. Democratic. 
Name changed to 

Star, -|-i866-f- : Owned by a company and published as the organ 
of the county Democracy. It was sold in the fall, and the name 
changed to 

Old Flag, +September-NovcmbLT, 1866; Edited and managed 
by Dr. Samuel H- Bundy through the campaign. 

Democratic Organ, i860: Probably a campaign paper. 

Oca Flag, 1866-1874+ : The first Republican paper in the county. 
Owned by a political organization, including George W. Sisney, 
William N. Mitchell, David G. Young, S. M. Mitchell, William 
M. Hindman, Jesse Bishop, and George W. Young. Lyman 
E. Knapp and Jesse Bishop were editors and publishers. John 
I. Hogg, James F. Connell. and Samuel O. Hart were later 
editors: for a while Judge Jesse Bishop shaped the policy of the 
paper. James F. Connell wa.s editor and publisher in 1870; in 
the next year Judge Bishop again controlled the office. After 
some changes, both of name and control, the material was sold 
in 1874 to James P. Copeland, who changed tbe name to 


MoKnoR, +May, 1874 to date: The paper was burned out wilhin 
a month, but was immediately re-established by Copeland and 
George W. Young. Copeland was editor and publisher. John 
F. Lusk bought Voung's interest in 1877. and sold in 1879 to 
John H. Duncan and Iv E. Mitchell. These men, with W. C. 
S. Rhea and William H. Boles formed a stock company in 1S86, 
absorbed the hidtpitideni (established 1886) and renamed the 
Monitor as Leader. CopcJantl was editor for a year; then O. 
J . Page bought and edited it ; he sold in 1888 toArthur Rol:»crts 
and Thomas M. Mitchell. In T904 the paper was taken over 
by a stock company, and Arthur Rolwrts was made editor and 
publisher. He was soon succeeded by Oliver J. Page, who con- 
tinues in the position. A daily was published for a while in 1900, 
and reWved in 1909. Republican. 

Old Flag. i867(?): Established by Lyman E. Knapp after he had 
ceased to be editor of Our Flag. Republican. 

GA2ETTE, 1S70: An Independent paper established by Green 
Stewart. George Culp, Fergis Fanis, and T. J. Helton. Only 
five numbers were issued. 

People's Fhienu, 1869-1874+ : An Independent Democratic paper 
established by Mit. A. Bates, who in 1874 sold to \V. R., Richard 
H., and C. D. Brown. The name was changed to 

Williamson County Advocate, +1874-1875; Conducted foraboui 
a year by W. R., Richard H., and C. D. Brown. 

WaLXAMSON Cau.VTY Progress, 1873: Established by John A. 
Wall. Republican. 

Faruer's Advocatb, 1S73-1874: Established by H. G. Blood 
and John Palmer. DcmotTatic in tendency, but published in 
the interest of the farmers. Merged in the Demo<ral in 1874. 

WaxiAUSON County Democrat, 1874: R. H. and O. G. Brown 
were editors and publishers. Continued but a short time. 

Egyptian Press, 1875 to date: A Democratic paper established by 
a stock company with Will S. Washburn as manager, editor, and 
publisher. It is now owned and published by Samuel Casey 
and James H. Felts. The Press was started as a weekly, but it 
is now issued twice a week. The £ivfitn^ Post, a daily, is now 
issued by the owners of the Press. U 


Times. January-November, 1866: A rabid Democratic paper es- 
tablished by T. J. Sharp, who, after a number of collisions with 
various dtizcns, was badly beaten on November 27 and ordered 
out uf town. Uc obeyed the order. 



Tablet, February, 1868; A paper established by James DeLacy, 

who sooD abandoned it. 
Tribdne, February, 1869-1871: Conducted by A. H. Gorman, 

who discontinued it in March, 1871. 
News, April, 1872 to date: Established by Hcniy B. Funk. Funk 

sold to Axlon and Jones in 1875; A. H. Gorman became editor. 

and continued in the office until 1877. After many changes 

Turner O'Banion was editor and publisher in 1880. In 190S, 

as Newx-Times, it was edited and published by Mr. Bennett. 


Buik;et, December, 1875-1877+ : Started by Stratton, Axton, and 
W. Carey. T. O'Banion bought Carey's interest in 1876. and 
he and Axton edited it until August, 1877, when Axton retired 
and O^Banion changed the name to 

Messenger, + August, 1877-1878: Edited by T. O'Banion until 
January, 1878, when he sold to Frank Bennett, who ran it a 


Gazette. 1867- i868(?): Edited and published by A. Sinclair. 

Apparently discontinued in 1868. 
Citizen, 1869-1870: Conducted by Hayward Brothers. C. B. and 

W. W. It burned out and was discontinued. 

Advertiser, 1869-1874+ ; Established by Albert Burton and Irving 
Carriers as an Independent locaJ weekly. After a while Carriers 
withdrew and the name was changed to 

Herald, +1874-1879+ :PubIishedby Burton Brothers; then by Ira 
George and D. B. Burton; then by Baldwin and Douglas; then 
by David Burton. Later it was sold to Stone and Smith, who 
changed the oame to 

Rkgistkr, + 1879 to date: It became a Republican paper. Stone 
Brothers succeeded Stone and Smith as editors and publishers. 
After having passed through several hands it is now published 
by M. F. Bovard and Son. 

Plainoealer, December, 1876 to dale; EstabUshed by Terry Sim- 
mons as a monthly ; later changed to semi-monthly, then to 
weekly. It has continued .since a.s a weekly without change of 
editor or proprietor. Complete file in possession of Mr. Sim- 


Illinois State Journal, 1848-1853: A Democratic organ estab- 
lished by John M. Crane and Nathan W'ilJard. Mr. Crane with- 
drawing soon after the paper was established. In 1853 Mr. Wil- 



lard sold the paper to J. C. Robinson and Jacob Zimmer- 
man, who also purchased the 

Telegraph, July 3, iSsa-iSsfi: A Whig paper edited by Joseph G. 
Jones and published by S. P. Farley and J. G. Jones. Before 
the end of the first year S. F. Andrews and J. K. Carr, then 
Charles Summers and J. Zimmerman were publishers, with 
Summers as editor. Combined with IlHtuna Slaie Journal lo 
form the Eastern lilinoisan in 1853. One source of information 
says that the Telegraph was rexivcd in April or May of 1854 by 
J. K. Carr and S. F. Andrews, but the scattering numbers through 
ifi53> t^54> and 1855 indicate no break. Andrews and Carr 
seem to have continued through 1855, then Andrews alone. J. 
K. Carr retired in the fall of 1K54, and Andrews conducted the 
paper in the support of the Republican party until 1858. SHF 

Kastern Ilunoisan, +1853-1865: J. C Robinson and J. Zimmer- 
man were editors and publishers in 1854. From 1856 to 1861, 
S. S. Whitehead was proprietor. Edward L'Hote was publisher 
in 1858. For a few months in iSfii it was run by H. H. Peyton, 
who finally entered the army and Mr. Whitehead was forced to 
assume control. He continued its publication until 1865 when 
it was purchased by John LittleHeld and its publication sus^iended 
for thirteen years. After its revival it became a Democratic 
paper, edited by B. F. Ward. It was later absorbed by Clark 
County Democrat, now published by Bennett and Barber and 
edited by Norman Bennett. HF 

fLLrNOis State Democrat, February 10, i849-i853(?): J. M. 
Crane was editor, Crane and N. Willard were publishers. In 
1852 N. Willard was publisher, editor, and proprietor. SUH 

Journal. 1858-1859: Started by N. O. McKeen and John A. Whit- 
lock in the interest of the Republican party. Edited for a while 
by Whitiock alone; then as an Independent paper by W. S. 
GcKkdell. Absorbed in the fall of 1859 by the lUinoisan. 

Hornet, i86o: Established by E. L*Hote: J. R. Bulion, editor. 
Republican. B 

Flag or Ode Union. i86i-i864(?): Established by John Little- 
field, a man with "Know Nothing" sympathies, but conducted 
as favoring the preservation of the Union. It ran through three 
volumes. It seems that he discontinued this paper when he 
bought Eastern lilinoisan. 

Messenger, 1S65 to date (1891}: John Littlefield was editor and 
Chess Litllefield publisher in 1866, but the tatter soon withdrew. 
By 1874 Ham and Eth Sutton were editors and publishers and 
continued so in 1875; but in 1876 John Littlefield was again 
running the paper. In the early 8o's Charles Littlefield became 



aaeociated with his father in the business, and eventually suc- 
ceeded him- By 1891, Charles Littlefield had become editor 
and publisher. The paper was absorl>ed later by Clark County 
Demccrai. Independent. H 

Clask County Hbsald, August i863 to date: Established by M. 
O. Frost In 1883 he sold to L S. Kilboro and Sod. In 1895 
the Messrs. Kilborn sold to G C. Hamer, who, after a few 
months, sold back to them. They continued publication until 
May I, 1900, when they sold to George O. Baird and Company, 
who in turn sold to Charles Scott. Republican. H 

Church PaoOKESS. 1878-1884; Established by Rev. Charles Kuhl- 
man as a monthly, [ocal, Catholic organ; became semi-monthly 
in 1880, and weekly in 1SS3. In 1884 or 1885 it was moved to 
St. Louis, where it is still published. 

Express, 1871 (?): Jerry Ishler, editor; M. O. Frost, pub- 
lisher. An edition of the Chrk County Herald, of Marshall. 

Independent, 1877 : Published by Ben. Biddlecome. Independent. 

News Letter, 1860-1861: Published by .August Hamilton and 
edited by Alexander G. Hawes. Republican. In 1861 con- 
solidated with Adverau at Belleville. 

Wacsenblatt FtJR Mastoutah UNO UMCECENn, January, 1862: 

(?): Small German sheet published during the war. It 

had a brief existence. 

Enterprise, 1869: Fred Dilg and E. W. Griffin were editors and 
publishers. Short-lived. 

Herald. 1871 to date: Brought to Mascoutah from Lebanon, 
Illinois, by Carl Montag, who is still publishing it. Demo- 

Banner, 1872-1875: Established by Frederick Dilg, edited by W. 
D. Shelley, J. N. Perrin, and Philip Leibrock. Monthly. In 
1873 Shelley and J. H. G. Brinkerhoff made it a weekly. In 
two months Brinkerhoff sold his interest to Shelley and Leroy 
W. Free. In two months Free's interest was purchased b) Henry 
Pabst. In 1874 office sold to Messrs. Was.sein and Binz, Mr. 
Brinkerhoff as eoitor. In 1875 Brinkerhoff purchased the paper, 
and after nine months it was suspended. 

Enterprise, November. 1875-May, 1876: Established by George 
Auerswald. Independent. tX 


Anzeicer, 1S76 to date: Established by Fred Dilg, who for six 
months had associtacd with him Philip Lcibrock. DUg sold in 
1889 to Bocquct and WinkJcr. John Winkler became sole 
owner for a few months. He sold in 18R1 to C. J. Liscber, ihe 
present owner. Independent local paper. 


Loyalist. 1863: Established in April by George Brewster. It 
was "a rank exponent of Abolitionism." After a turbulent 
career of nine months it was removed to Salem, where it was 
soon discontinued. 


News, 1867-1871: A neutral paper edited and published by 
Haughey and Walker. 

Independknt. 1871-1891+: In 1879 Haughey and Wamock were 
publishers; J. C. Wamock was editor. J. M. Haughey, i88a- 
1884; Ruth and Roach, 1891 ; Ruth and Monlgomer) , 1895. In 
1891 all of the newspaper business in Masun City was con- 
solidatL-d In one ofliu: and the editor, S. B. Roach, iiamed the 
aggregation Timfs. He sold to L. Y, Sikes in i8g6, and Sikes to 
G. D. Sutton in 1901. Sutton sold to Edward Wilson in 1903, 
and Wilson to Bea C. Rickard in 1905. Republican under Roach 
and Sikes, Democratic under Sutton, and Independent under 
Rickara. TJ 

Journal, 1872-18914-: W. S. Walker established the paper and 
conducted it until 1874 or 1875, when lie sold to Wells Corey. 
By 1884 Frank Corey had become associated with Wells Corey 
as publisher. Republican. 


National Gazette, 1856-18674- : Established by Messrs. Hough- 
ton and Spencer. With one short intermission Mr. Hough- 
ton tonducleu Ihc paper until 1859, when he sold to Mc- 
Intyrc and Woous. Shortly after the firm name appeared as 
Harding (W. P.) and Mclnlyre. A third time Mr. Houghton 
secured an interest in the GatetU, which he held when killed in 
a battle of the Civil War. In 1865 the paper came under the 
charge of W. P. and J. O. Harding — brothers; Harding and 
Boslwick, 1866-1867. In 1867 it was bought by some citizens, 
Democrats, and its name changed to the 

Democrat, + 1 867 -t- : They soon disposed of the paper to Taylor 
and Brown, who changed it to 

Clarion, +1868: They, in a short Lime, slopped its publication. 
Leonidas Chapin, of Mattoou, has a few copies. 



Enterprise. March, 1877-1878: Published by C. A. Bristol and 
Company, from March to June, 1S77 ; Bradley and White, June 
to October, 1877; by Urech and Company from October to 
March, 187R, when it was abandoned. 

Dispatch, November ai, t878 to date: Established by J. R. Urcch, 
with D. H. Darby as editor. January* 1, 1884, Urcch sold a half 
interest to W. H. Mclntyre, which firm continued until Sep- 
tember I, 1890, when Mclntyre bought all interest and ran it to 
Januar)' i, 1899, when orijE:inaJ owner with his son Charles bought 
it and still continues issuing same. It is neutral. Files of both 
Enterprise and Dispatch arc in the DispaUh office. 


Press, +1854 (?): Published by C. R. Fisk, a Presbyterian 

minister who moved it from Little Rock. Sold to J. L. and 
L M. Andrews who conducted it until February 36, 1857, 
when they sold back to Rev. C. R. Fisk, Republican aud 
actively anti-slavery. (See Little Rock.) PF 

Obse8\'ER, 1856-1861+: Established as a Republican papRT by 
unknown parties, but was run for a lime by Col. J. K. S. Bond; 
by Messrs. Crooker and Beck; then by R. H. Ruggles, who 
gave it the name P 

BuLUCTiN, -I-1861-1897-I- ; Conducted at the beginning by R. H. 
Ruggles, then Ruggles and Ford. In 1897 it was consolidated 
with the Sun under the title Sun-BuUetin. Republican in pol- 
itics. Files in the office. D 

Democrat, 1S58-1859: A German paper established by Franz 
Meiscnbach and Gabriel Pool. Lasted one year. 

Times, i 859-1861: Established by a Mr. Fisk (not C. R. Fisk). 
It was a Democratic paper; its editor was said to be a Copper- 
head, and was forced by a recruiting company early in 186 1 to 
make a speech for the Union and haul up a flag. Soon afterward 
he left his paper and disappeared. 

Cbhonicle. 1869-1870: Established by Snell and Merrill; sold lo 
F D. Ford, who sold to the BulUtin in 1870. Files in the 
BuUeiin office. 

News, 1874-1876; Established as an Independent paper by F. D. 
Ford. Sold to Dr. Spichler, then to William Parker, then to 
the Bulletin. Files in BulUtin office. 

Reporter, 1878 to date: Founded by John O. Sanford and 0. P. 
Gardner. G. H. Kellogg bought out Sanford in 1879, and Gard- 
ner bought out Kellogg in 1 881. In 1883 he sold toL.S. Seaman 



and Otto Kieselbach. Seaman retired in i&Sj and Kieselbach 
still conducts the paper. Republican till 1883; Democratic 
since then. Files are in the office. 
Post, August, 1879 to date: A German Democratic paper, estab- 
lished and still conducted by Otto Kieselbach. Files are in the 


MoNiTOK, i877-i879(?): Edited by J. R. Miller and George W. 
Graham. In 1879 Miller alone was editor and publisher. 

Enterprise, 1879-1883: Edited by J. P. McDonald; later by F. 
W. Schierbaum. It was moved to Versailles and is still pub- 
lished there. Democratic. 


Woodford County Akgijs, May, 1854+ : Established by A. N. 
Shepherd. Became in a short time F 

Woodford Sentinei.. +1854-1889+ ; The first issue was printed in 
Peoria. It was thought to be such a great enterprise that when 
brought over 10 Metamora, a copy was hoisted on a pole, like a flag, 
the streets paraded, and a regular ' ' war dance" helo around it. Mr. 
Shepard was its first proprietor. George L. Harl was for a long 
time editor and one of its proprietors, and in 1877 became sole 
proprietor. In 188S .Arthur I, ee Hereford became editor. An 
edition of this paper was issued in Washburn, Woodford county, 
under the name Senixml. It w.ih merged with the Herald about 
1889. Democratic. 

WoonroRD County Visitor, 1S55 {?): Conducted by Sinion 

P. Shope. Vol. I, No. r8 is owned by Juage S. S. Page of 

BtTU-ETiN, (?) (?): Mentioned in Kowell for 1869 with 

no report. 


PROUDLGATOB, i86s-i869(?) : J. F. McCartney and Brother were 
named editors and publishers. Kepubiicaii. Probably later 

Massac JouKNAL. i865todate: Established by B. O. Jones, editor; 
McCartney and Jones, publishers. In 1H80 B. O. Jones was 
editor, Jones and Davisson, publi.shers: R. A. Davisson, editor; 
£. D. Malone, publisher, 1883 ; E. D. Malone, editor and pub- 
lisher, 1884; llines and Starkea, 1891. By 1895 it had become 
Massac Journal- Re publkan with A. N. Starkes as editor, A. N. 
Starkes and Compam, publishers. D 



Tikes, i867-i879{ ?) : In 1869 W. J. Ward was editor, G B. Depue. 
publisher; \V. J. Ward and W. A McBane. editors and pub- 
lishers, 1870; W. A. McBane, 1871-1873; J. F. McCartney. 

1874 ; J. F. McCartney was named as editor, J. F. Mc- 

Cajlncy and Company, publishers, 1879. 

Deuocrat, 1878-1899+: E^liled by F. A. Truusdale, published 
by James D. Stewart and Company. In 1895 F. A. Trousdale 
had become editor and publisher. Januar>' 1, 1899, the Herald 
succeeded the DerrKtcrat and is still published, at present by Trous- 
dale and Barnes. 


Iroqdois Joubnal, 185X-1854+: Published by J. A. Graham, 
who established on February 19, 1851, and who sold the office 
about April i, 1854. to William F. Ready and Benjamin Scott. 
The Jotirnai had been devoted to politics, literature, the arts and 
science, agriculture, etc. Under the new management, its name 
was changed to the 

Ihoqcois County Press, +1S54-1855+ : It now became Demo- 
cratic in its sympathies. In 1855 Mr. Keady bought out Mr- 
Scott and called it the 

Weeki-Y Press, +1855-1865: Mr. Scott conducied it until 1857; 
Joseph Thomas and Roy W. Andrews, 1857-1858; Hon. John 

Chamberlain, 1858 (?). Its editors successively were 

Harmon Westbrook and Caleb Pink, 1857-1858; Michael Hagle, 
1858-1864; George J. Harrington, 1864-1865. 

Investigator, about six months of 1855: It was published by 
Richard Taliaferro and James H. Graham. Its sympathies 
were with the Democratic partj-. Publication irregular. 

Iroquois Rkpiiblican, May 8. 1856-1863+ : A. G. .Smith moved 
the office to Wataeka, spring of 1863, and in October, i866, sold 
to Zacbeus Beatty. The latter changed the name in 1872 to 
the Watscka Republican, and continued publisher till April 1, 
1873. F 

Iroquois County Herald, 1865-1867: Established about October 
i, on the ruins of the Middleport W'eekiy Press. George W. 
Keady, publisher, Michael Hagle editor; Independent In poli- 
tics. About February i, 1867, the office was moved to Watseka. 
The last Middleport issue of the Herald, Januarj' 27, 1867, was 
the last paper published at Middleport. Some time after the 
removal to Watseka, Charles Jouvenat became editor, and 
remained so until the spring of 1869, when the paper ceased to 





Herald, July, 1876 to dale: Estabiished by J. R. Fox as a Green- 
back paper. Purchaae<l in 1S79 by Edward L*Hotc, who sold 
in 1887 to bU son, the present editor and proprietor, Eugene 
Lllotc. Republican under its present management* H 

Gazette, 1875. 

Genius, i879-i88o(?) : In 1880 was being edited and published by 
J. W. Sargent. It is not mentioned in the Newspaper Annual 
for 1881. 


Enterprise, i873-i884(?): J. W. Richardson was editor and pub- 
lisher, 1873-1874; F. P. Haliowcll, 1875-1877; Jud. M. Morlcy, 
1878-1880; Morlcy and Cook, i88a; F. E. Morley, i884(?) 
the edition for Millington of the Kendall County Nnvs, (1872- 
?; Republican) published at Piano, Kendall county. H 


Beacon, i875-i884(?): Mr. Lucas, editor, bought it from the 
Milton Reformer, a temperance paper. After five months a 
stock company was formed. J. M, Farris became editor. In 
1876 sold 10 F. M. Grimes, who was still editor and publisher in 
1883. Started neutral; changed to Greenback. U 


Independent, 1870-1872: Edited and published by C.B.Ketcham. 
Printed at the office of the Delavan Independent. 

News, September, 1878 to dale: Started by George L. Shoals, 
publisher of the Atlanta Argus, with Horace Crihfield. A print- 
ing plant was established in Minier in 1885 ; Crihfield became its 
sole owner, then Crihfield Brothers. The paper is in charge of 
R. C. Crihfield. 


Journal, i866 ( ?) : An edition, for Minonk, of the Joumai of El 

Paso. G. H. Jenkins was editor; William H. Addis and Com- 
pany, publishers, 1869. In 1879 the title given in Rowell is 
Home Joumai. 

Praibie Enterprise, 1868: .\n advertising sheet with gratuitous 
circulation, edited and published by Johnson and Ware. 

Index, i87e>-i877(?}: Established by M. A. Gushing and Cadet 
Taylor; M. A. Cushing was conducting the paper alone from 
1873 to 1877. fndcpendcnt. 

Register, 1870-1871: Established by M. M. Baglcy. 


Reporteb, 1870: Est&blished by W. W. Wilkes; survived a few 

Times. 1872-1873+ ; Established by Irving Carrier. It was 
changed in 1873 to the 

Blade, +1873 to date: By James M. Fort, who while in need of 
financial aid purchased the office, enlarged the paper, and for 
seventeen years conducted it successfully, selling the publication 
in 1897 to his son, Arthur C. Fort, and Clarence B. Hurtt, who 
as Fort and Hurtt conducted the paper for some lime. Since 
then it has l>ccn sold a numl>er of times; it is now owned and 
published by Chester R. Denson, under the name of the Minonk 
Dispatch. Messrs. J. M. and A. C. Fort have complete files. 

News, 1878 to date: Established by S. C. Bruce; it was sold in 
1887 to Arthur R. Warren, and was still being conducted by him 
in 1889. In 1907 George Werkheiser was editor and publisher. 


Advertiser, 1874-1877: Established by Charies A. Jones, 
a sub-edition of the Lockport Advertiser. 

It was 


Workman, August ai, 1854-February 18, 1857: Edited and pub- 
lished by Amos Smith. "An Independent family newspaper 
devoted to news, literature, agriculture, mechanics, commerce 
and home interests." It was Republican, and strongly anti- 
slavery. Smith sold, February t8, 1887, to R. H. Graham and 
Alfrco Web.ster, who changed the name to PE 

Independent. February 25, 1857-1862: In May, 1858, Webster 
sold his interest to Graham, who in April, 1859, took C. H. 
Brennan as a partner. Brennan sold in December to M, S. 
Barnes. In i860 Graham was again sole owner. He went to 
war in August, 18&1, and J. A. Kuc-k managed the paper until its 
suspension, October, 186a. F 

Citizen, July, 1858-1859 : Established by F. M. Linnehan. James 
Bowie became part owner in 1858, and owner in February, 
1S59. It cca.sed to ejdst in 1859. A semi-weekly (later weekly) 
Democratic paper. 

Repobucan, 1865-1867: Established by William H. Jenkins. 
Sold in 1867 to Capt. L. M. Haverstick, who closed the office. 
The material was used to cstaNish the RevUw. 

Rkview, November 26, 1870-1880+ : Established by Messrs. Lowe 
and Frank R. Gilson. Lowe retired in 1871, and Gilson sold 
the same year to Kennedy and Crichton; B. F. Tilltnghast sue- 


.L C( 


ceeded Crichton in 1872; Kennedy retired in 1874. Tillinghast 
conducted the paper alone till r875, when J. H. Porter boughl an 
interest. R. H. Moore bought the paper in 1877, and in 1880 
failed. John H. Porter bought the equipment and the subscrip- 
tion list was transferred to Samson Kt-nncdy. who united the 
Review with with the weekly edition of the Dispatch as Review 
Dispalck. PH 

Sblandia. December 29, 1876-1878: A Swedish Republican paper 
established by A. C. Remer and P. E. Mtlin. Edited by P. E. 
Mclin to 1877 ; then by Magnus Elmblad and Herman Stock- 
enstrom. It was sold early in 1878 to Gustaf Swenson. In 
May, 1878, it was sold to the Svcnska Tribunen of Chicago. 

Daily Dispatch, July, 1878 lo date: Established by Oliver and 
Louise White. They were succttded by Sampson Kennedy 
and L. M. Haverstick; then by Fred O. and Jay H. Dean; then 
by P. S. McGlyim and John K. Groom. Groom sold out in 
1S91 to W. F. Eastman; since then McGlynn and Kaslmanwere 
editors, publishers, and owners of the paper, until Eastman died 
in 1909. It is now owned by Mrs. Eastman and P. S. McGlyno, 
the latter being in charge of the publication. 

REVizw-DisPATcn, 1878 lo date: The weekly edition of the Dis- 
Pakii. It has the same history as that paper. A 

Grain Cleaner, 1878-1886+ : Founded by Barnard and Eeas 
Manufacturing Company with R. James Abemalhy as editor. 
C. F. Hall became editor and publisher in i88i. In 1884 he 
changed its name to Modern AfiJler and became sole owner. He 
movM it to Kansas City in 1886, and in 1895 .sold to a St. 
Louis syndicate. Under Hall it was an independent technical 
milling journal. Originally a monthly, it became a weekly milling 
newspaper about 1893. 


Reporter, August, i87otodate: Established by JohnB. A.Paradis. 
Sold in 1874 to M O. Clark; Stephen W. Dennis, 1885-1891; 
Charles E. Carter, 1891-1901. In 1897 it was consolidated with 
the Momence Press and the name was changed to Press-Re porter ^ 
with C. E. Carter as editor. Carter sold in 1901 to C. S. Mc- 
Nichols and Company. Since that time O. M. Harlan has been 
manager. Incomplete files in possession of Mr. Harlan. Re- 


Eaole, i86oC?)-i863(?): Established by J. G. Scott and continued 
for about three years. 




Atlas, October, 1R46 to dale: Edited and managed by C. K. Smith, 
assisted for a short lime bv E. S. Ri^-on and F. K. Smith, 1845- 
1857; John S. Clark, 1857-1S65; Mr. Clark and J. H. Reed, 
1865-1869; Mr. Clark and Son, with unimportant exceptions, 
l86g to 1893. when it was consolidated with the Advance as 
Republican Atlas-Advance, now colled Republican Alias. Daily 
since 1904. Published by Republican Printing Company, with 
Arthur G. Brown as editor, C. F. Buck, manager. Files in 
Warren County Library Association Library. DU 

Democtat, August, 1852-1853; Published by Hosea and Ashton. 
Files in Warren County Library Association Library. 

Review, December, 1855 to date: Its founder was A. H. Swain, 
who was the editor, 1855 to 1886; H. R. Moffet, 1886 to dale. It 
was issued weekly. 1855-1887; semi-weekly, 1887-1888; and 
daily and semi-weekly from 1888 to 1907, when it was changed 
back to a weekly. Independent. BF 

COLLKGE CoDRiEB, 1867-1868: I»sued at Monmouth College. 
Monthly. U 

Commercial Record, .^pril, 1872 (?): Monthly. E 

Leadeb, 1873 : A Republican paper edited by S. J. Clarke and 
published by the Leader Printing Company. 

Midland Monthly, 1874: Published by W. D. Pratt. 

Gazette, 1876-1888: An Independent weekly; began a daily issue 
in 1883. It was moved to Galesburg, Illinois^ about 1SS8, and 
was soon discontinued. 

Paper, i877-i879(?): G. G. McCosh was editor and publisher. 
By 1880 it had been .ibsorbcd by Gazette and for a time issued 
as Casette and Paper. E 


AitGus. 1877 (?): Established by D. C. Needham, who was 

also publishing the Creston Times. 


Times, 1856-1858+ : fMited by J. D. Mondy. who was succeeded 
by J. C. Johnson. He sold to James Outten, who received. 
Mr. Hassett as a partner. Changed to 

Purr Democrat, +1858-1862+: Edited by W. A. Gilliland, 1858- 
1860; J. C Johnson, 1860-1862. Changed to 

Conservative, +1863-1864+: At first edited by Thomas Milligan, 
who was succeeded by W. E. Lodge. Changed to 


Piatt Coitnty Union, +1864-1865+: Edited by M. A. Bates. 
Changed to 

Piatt Independent, +1865-1874+: Edited by J. M. Holmes. 
A complete file is owned by L. C. Burgess. Changed to 

Rektbucan, +1874-1876+: Attheendof three years, Mr. Holmes 
sold to Mr. Wagner, who immediately sold to H. B. Funk. He 
changed its name to 

BtTiXETiN, +1876 to date: Edited by Henry B. Funk, 1876-1882; 
Mize Brothers. 1882-1883; ^^- Funk, 1884-1885; Moral 
O'Banion; C. N. WaUs, 1885-1886; Carl tJhler, 1887; M. L. 
Griffith, 1887-1888; Carver Brothers, 1888; William E. Krebs, 
i8S3-:898; Evan Stevenson, iSgy; C. E. Gaumer, iSgp-iQoa; 
H. W. Buckle, J902-1903; G. W. Mize, the present editor. 1903 
to date. The files in the office are intomplctc. Democratic. 

Faruess* Advocate, 1874: Existed for a few months in the spring. 
M. A. Bates was editor. 

Piatt County Herald, April, 1874 to date: Established by H. H. 
Peters, who continued until 1892, when it was bought by G. A. 
Burgess and consolidated with the Independent; begun by Mr. 
Bui^ess in 1887, under the name Piatt County Republican. In 
1905 G. A. .Burgess was succeeded, as editor and manager, by 
his son, L. C. Burgess. Republican. A complete file owned 
bv L. C. Burgess. U 


Yeouan, 1853-1854+: A Republican paper, edited by James C. 
Walters. A copy of no. 54 of the first volume is owned by 
Walter A. Rose of Mazon, Illinois. Changed to 
Grundy Countv Hesai-d, +1854 to date: Edited by Henry C. 
Buffington and Charles E. Southard for one year; Mr. Southard 
1855-1864; C. L. Perry, who soon took Mr. Turner in partner- 
ship, 1864-1S66. Charles E. Southard, 1866-1874; in 1865 
Mr. Southard started the Advertiser^ but soon resumed the con- 
trol of the Herald, whereupon he combined the two as Herald 
and Advertiser, soon reverting to the name Herald. P. C. Hayes, 
1874-1876; Hayci- and Fletcher, i^-^^ to 1891 ; W. L. Sackett, 
1891 to date. HF 

Advertises, 1865-1866+ : Conducted by Charles E. Southard. 
Combined with Herald. H 

Gazette. 1853-1855: Edited by A. J. Ashton. It was purchased 
by the proprietors of llic Heraid. It advocated Democracy. 

LiBKRAL Ryu^OKUKK, i872-i879(?) t Established by Joe Simpson. 
In 1876 run by k R. Bariow, after whom Simpson again took 



charge and closed it out. Anii-Rcpublican, principally Demo- 
cralic, tinged with Green backisrn. 
Independent, 187810 date: Established as a semi-weekiy by Perry, 
Crawford, and Kutz. March i, :878. In 1882 it was in the 
charge of Mr. Kutz alone. He sold about 1885 to W. J. Leacock, 
who a year later sold to Peler Low. In 1887 Low sold to C. R. 
Morrison, and in 1890 W. M. Rccd purchased it. changed its 
name to the Sentinel and made it Democratic. In 1895 Reed 
sold to S. H. Bucklin and Son. It was subsequently owned by 
rieorge Bucklin. and Bucklin and Hilliker, 1899-1900. jan- 
u.'xn.' I, 1909, the paper was bought by a stork company, with 
Richard V. Lawson as editor. 


\VmTF,.stnE Sentinel, 1857 to date: Established by Alfred Mc- 
Faddcn. In 1862 McFadden leased it to Elmer Searle for one 
year, when he resumed publication. In 1867 it was purchased 
by Messrs. Charles Bent and Morris Savage. In 1870 Mr. 
Bent became sole proprietor. In 1877 Mr. Bent sold to Robert 
W. Welch, but repurchased i: in 1879, and has been editor ever 
since. Charles Bent, Jr., has been manager since 1906. Com- 
plete iUes in the office. Republican. 

Reform Investigator, 1868-1870: Established by Elmer Searle. 
Weekly, devoted to financial and other reforms; published later 
by a stock company with Searle as editor and manager. In 1870 
removed to Chicago; office destroyed in Chicago fire in 1871. 

Independent, 1872-1874: EstalJished by L. S. Ward and J. W. 
HuctL. Later Elmer Searle became editor. Advocated presi- 
dency of Horace Greeley. Discontinued in 1S74. Office pur- 
chased same year by G. J. Booth and Son, who established 

TZUES, 1 874-1 876: In [876 moved office to Rock Falls and 
changed name to Whiteside Times (which see). Democratic. 

Democrat, 1S76-1S77 : Established by Messrs. Guernsey, Connelly, 
and Frank A. Grove. Discontinued in 1877. Democratic. 

Whiteside Herald, 1878-1884 : Established by A. D. Hill. Later 
it was sold to George B. Adams, who moved the office to Sterling, 

Illinois. Independent Republican, 


Times, .August 20, 1875 to date: Established by Thomas Cox, 
editor and proprietor. December 50, 1875, Cox sold out to 
M. J. .Abbott, who in May, 1877, sold to George H. Palmer 
and .Son. In 1879 the office was leased to Said and Poorman, 
Palmer and Son retaining ownership. In October, 1879, Steeo 



Brothers, George H. and Joseph W. Steen, were pubUshers and 
editors and continued so until 1882, when they sold to Caflin 
and Camp^K-II. In 1S83 Caflin bcrame sole owner; in 1R85 he 
sold to G. H. Saliee.whosoldin 1887, to S. W. Gulp; he. in 1907, 
to Lindsey and Miller. March 1, 1909, Miller sold his interest 
to A. C. Brookman. Lindsey and Brookman are the present 
proprietors and publishers. Indept-ndenl. I'ilcs in the oflice. U 


National Emporium, 1856-1860: Edited by Dr. Z. Caslerline 
and published by J. Walter Waugh. They were succeeded by 

Moses B. Harrell as editor and John A. \Vaugh as publisher. 
Mr. Harrell withdrew in 1859 and Mr. Waugh became also its 
editor. He continued its publication until 1S60, when it was 
discontinued. FH 

Gazette, 1860-1861 : Established by Judge J. R. Emeric. It con- 
tinued one year, and collapsed. 

JouRNAi,, 1864-1874, 1878: Established and edited b> J. D. Mondy, 
who was succeeded by S. P. Wheeler. The latter moved to 
Cairo, 1865, and H. R. Howard, who had published the paper 
during Wheeler's administration, as.sumed the duties of editor. 
May, 1866, the press and all bjonging to it was bought by Capt. 
H. F. PottvT, who edited the Journal until, in ' 1874. he moved to 
Cairo, taking the press with him. After this removal, the 
Mound City Journal was joined with the Cairo Argus, the two 
together receiving the name A rgtis- Journal, weekly. Beginning 
Novemlx-r [5, 1878, Mr. Potter published separately the Cairo 
Daily Argus and the Mound City Journal. The latter was still 
being published in 1S83. UndiT Mr. Potter's management the 
Journal was Democratic. H 

Pulaski Patriot, 1871 to date: Established June, 1871, by A. J. 
.Alden, editor, and B. O. Jones, publisher. I'>on June to No 
vember of that year, V. R. Waggoner was associated in the busi- 
ness. The latter part of November the firm of .Alden and Jones 
was dissolved, .Alden retiring December 7. Jones sold ou' to 
F. R. WaggQjier, who became editor. January, 1873, through 
the purchase of an interest by Mr. O. H. Turner, the tirm name 
became Waggoner and Turner, which it remained until Novem- 
ber 1, 1873, when Turner withdrew. Decemlwr i, Fred W. 
Corson joined the firm, which was called Waggoner and Corson 
until the nithdrawal of Waggoner. April 10, 1873. His suc- 
cessor in the firm was Ed. H. BintliiT, firm name, Cors4in and 

> Thia daU. iSt4. for the ramoval of th« alBce trum Mound City to CAiro, 
dow oat UT«ewlUithe Dfeviotuaacouatol lli«CairaOa»Jyi1rcws, from which tb* 
cUte iranld spiiear to bo i<t6. 


Bintliff. January 23. 1874, Bintliff withdrew, Corson coDtinuing 
alone until November i, 1874, when he sold out to Kd. S. Acker- 
man and A. Ackerman. The latter was editor until December 
1877, at which time the paper passed entirely into the hands of 
Ed. S. Ackerman, who kept it until July, iSSo. At this time 
Daniel Hogan purchased the office and continued publication 
until September 1, 1881, when L. M. Bradley purchased an in- 
terest. Mr. Hogan has been sole owner since 18S6. In that 
year the name was changed to Pulaski Enlerprise. J. P. Rob- 
erts was editor until 1882, when he was succeeded by J. F. Con- 
ncU. He was followed by John F. Rector, one year, Daniel 
Hogan, Jr., one year, Daniel Hogan, Sr., one year; then H. C. 
Asbbaugh. The paper has been steadily Republican. 


SENTiNEt AND Wabasb ADVOCATE, 1834-1839: Edited by Horace 
Roney, 1834-1835; Edward Baker, 1835-1836; Richard Beck, 
with O. B. FickJIn as an assistant, 1836-1839. 

Register, June 11, 1839. to date: A WTiig paper, edited by J. S. 
PoH-er, and published by \V. B. Mcany, who was succeeded by 
Ezra B. Mcant-y; George B. Backus, 1841, for seven years; 
Frank Fuller; Fuller and Hutchinson; W. D. Jackson, 1848- 

; S. S. Luken ; Victor B. and Robert Bell ; Theo. S. Powers, 

185a ; Frank C. Manly, with Judge Green as political 

editor. Mr. Green made it Republican. In 1862 Manly died 
and George W. Douglas took the paper, made it a Democratic 
organ, and Richard Beck who succeeded him made it Republican 
again. In 1867 Mr. Green, at public auction, purchased it, 
but Mr. Beck continued to publish it until sold to J. P. M. Calvo. 
It was su5|>endcd for an interval, 1867-1868. Messrs. Wade and 
Cape revived it in 1868. They soon sold it to C. I. Wilmans, 
who ran it until 1870, when he sold to T. J. Groves. In a few 
weeks Mr. Groves passed it back to Mr. Wilmans. j. H. Wil- 
mans was editor, 187 1 ; Wilmans and Havill. 1875-1878, Under 
the Bell Brothers the paper was non-partisan. In 1878 Mr. 
Havill made it an exponent of Democratic principles. It was 
sold by Frank W. Havill to P. J. Kolb and A. E. Smith, in No- 
vember. 1906. These men continued to publish the paper until 
February, 1908, when it was incorporated under the name of the 
Mt. Carmel Register Company; A. E. -Smith continued as 
editor. A daily was begun in 1900. Files substantially com- 
plete in the office. A 

Wabash Republican, 1840-1841: Edited by W. D. Latshaw. 

Greenbrieb, i840-(a brief existence); Edited by J. S. Powers. 

Plow Boy, i844-(a brief existence) : Edited by Valentine Miller. 



Wabash Deuocrat, 1844-1847 : Edited by \V. E. Latshaw for two 
years. He sold it, and it failed in the hands of Austin Brooks 
and Finney I). Preston soon after they lioughl it. 

Wabash Deuocrat, 1860-1878: A revival of the previous Dfmo 
erai. Jacob Zimmermaa was editor for awhile. He was suc- 
ceeded by G. W. Besore, and he in tiUTi by James T. Costello. 
It failed in the hands of J. C. Hinckley. A Democrat is li-sted in 
Kowell as established in 1865 and edited by J. P. M. Calvu. 
who continued until 1872; J. P. Reync^ds. 1873; W. H. 
Evans and" George A. Spitzer. 1873; Neil C. Bums, 1874; 
Hannah and Sod, 1875-1877. 

Temperance Leader, 1878: A monthly exponent of the "White 
Ribbon" ideas, published by Grossman and Scafer. 

Republican, 1878 to date: Established by Richard H.and a Mr. 
Brown. The> soon sold to J. F. Wilmans, who continued the 
paper until January, 1883, when it was bought by Thomas L. 
Joy. Joy sold to D. E. Keen in 1888. Keen is the present 
publisher. A daily was begun in 1899. Files sulwtaolially 
complete in the office. 


TFreuN«, i8so-(a few months): Published by l)r. J. L. Hostetter. 

Repubucan, i85a-i859(?): Established by J. P. Emmcrt, who 
sold to H. G. Giattan, 1853-1855; D. H. Wheeler, 1855-1857; 

D. B, Emmert,^ ; J. L. Hosteltcr and E. C. Cochran. It 

was consolidated under Cochran and English, with the Inielli- 
fencer, but they were soon sepumlcd. it was last owned by 
Mrs. Skinner and Miss Gregor)', and edited bv Silvemail and 
Ladd. ' F 

Carroll Coonty Mirror, 1858 to date: Published by Alexander 
Windle and I. V. Hollinger to 1865: J. M. Adair. 1865-1874; 
Jo.<ieph F. .Mlison, 1874-1875; W. D. Hughes and A. B. Hol- 
linger, 1875; Mr. Hughes, 1S75 to 1H8K. After Hughes' death 
it was conducted by his daughter, Jean A. Hughes, until 1889, 
when it was sold to W. A. Stevens. Stephens sold it to John 
Sughn>ne; he to J. F. Allison; he to W. L. Puterbaugh in 1893; 
he to Hughes and Hurless. Hughes sold his interest to Hurless, 
who still conducts the paper- 

Inteixioenckb, (?)- i860: Published by George English, for 

a short time, and was absorbed by the Mirror, 

Oread, i868-i89o(?): Collegiate; quarterly. 


News, 1875-1B76+: Established by Frank A. Beeler. who sold 
the paper in 1876 to J. William Martin. He changed the name 
to the 

Herald, +1876-1890: On January i, 1877, the paper was bought 
by Hollinger, and Frank J. Sc-ssions was editor. Sessions sold 
his interest to Don Frazer, and Col. M. Feezer leased Hollinger's 
interest in 1888. In 1S89 Feezer and Albright conducted it. 
Frazer sold to the Mirror, which absorbed it in iStjo. The Herald 
was at first Independent, but soon turned Democratic. 


New Era, 1879-1880: "Done by John J. Cobuni, eoitor and pub- 


Rock River Register, January i-September, 184a: It was estab- 
lished hy friends of Rock River Seminary; editr-d by Emanuel 
Knodle, whose death wa.s announced in the twelfth number, 
and who was succeeded by D, C. Dunbar; published by Mr. 
Stephens and Jonathan Knodle. It whs at tirst non-partisan, 
but on July 10 "came out" Whig, supporUng Joseph Duncan 
for governor and denouncing Judge Ford, ll was moved to 
Grand Detour, and was discontiuned in 1843. probably in 

Gazette, March, 1850-185.^: Edited by Daniel J. JPinckney and 
published by J. Frederick Grosh and Tomlinson Ankncy. 
Pinckncy was principal of the Rock River Seminary. Its edi- 
torial managcmeot was able, the editor striving to make it the 
expoDcnt of his own ideas rather than a chronicle of the news of 
the day. At the end of one year the paper was sold to R. C. 
Burchell, who removed the outfit to Oregon. The paper was 
soon re-established, however. Id 1851, Brayton, Baker and 
Company appeared as publishers. C. C Allen and S, D. Atkins 
moved it to Savanna, IllinoLs. Independent. Polo 

Northwestern Republican, 1856-1857+: Published by C. G. 
Arwood and Henry Mctcalf. They sold to Brayton, Potter, 
and Company, and then to Myrou S. Barnes, who changed it to 
the F 

Independent Watchman, +1857-1861: Published by Myron S. 
Barnes, 1857-1859. For the rest of its existence it was owned 
by a joint stock company, with Mr. J. D. Dopf as publisher, 
and under the editorial management of Professor W. S. Pope 
and Dr. F. A. McNeill. Material removed to Polo. Repub- 
lican. EF 


Annual. j86a-i868: Edited by Col. B. F, Sheets, who was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. J. H. Vincent. A Sunday school paper. 

Independent, 1876-1877+ : Established by a joint stock company 
organized by Samuel Knodle. D. J. Piackney was editor. It 
soon was sold to John Sharer and became 

Ogle Cocnty Democrat, May, +1877-1886: John Sharer was 
editor and publisher and Dr. B. G. Stephens, associate editor. 
These persons conducted the paper nine years, when it was dis- 
continued and the plant removed to Oregon, Illinois. 


Sbntinel, 1870-1871 + : Established by Francis M. Doulton, who 
was .succeeded not long after by John Bush. In .\ugust, 1871, 
the paper was changed to the 

Observer, +1871-1873+: Changed from the Sentinel, August, 
1871; conducted by Frank Sloan lill Ju!y. 1873, when it was 
changed to the 

Dollar Star +1873+: Publishedforashort time by Joel Dunbar, 
who changed it to the 

Star, +1873-1876: Changed from the DoUar Slar soon after the 
beginning of Dunbar's control; published by him until October, 
1876, when it was sold out. 

Citizen, November 39, 1876 to date {:8S4): Established by the 
Conklin Brothers, who were still publishing it in 1878. In 
1880, the editor was J. W. Wolfe: H. C. Sutlle. i88a to 1S84. 
Independent in politics. 


Prairie Pioneer, 1848-1850+ : A Democratic paper, founded and 
edited by John Bigler. Its next editor was P, L. Shult, who was 
followed by J. B. More, with Geo. S. Myers as his publisher. 
Changed to 

Prairie Democrat, +1850-1852+: J. R. Bailey edited it for 
E. T. Hoilister, its owner. In 1852 it strongly urged the selec- 
tion of Stephen A. Douglas as the Democratic candidate for 
president. Became the F 

Chbonotype, +1852-1855: Mr. Bailey remained its editor, until 
1855 when he removed the material to Jacksonville, where he 
established the Scntirtei. F 

Western Spy, 1856-1857; Established and edited by A. L. Snow 
with G. W. Gross as associate editor. In 1857 it was sold to 
B. H. Irwin, who sold to Nicholson and ShurtJcff. They moved 
it to Beardsiown Whig. 


Tnion, 1856-1863+ : A Democratic paper, owned by a stock com- 
[Miny and edited by Robert A. Glenn and James R. Gordon. 
After uTcnU changes in ownership it was suspended for a few 
months in 1857. It was revived by J. C. O'Neil, who was its 
editor and publisher, 1857-1861; J. C. and Martin O'Neil, 
i86i: J. C. O'NcU. 1861-1863. When he died in 1863 the 
esinbllihment was sold, after a few months, to Stun. S. and 
Martin BnK>ks. changed the name to the 

Rkcoru. + 1863-1S69+ : They continued to publish it as a Dcm- 
ocretie paper until 1869, when (hey sold it to J S. H. Ham- 
baugh, who called it the 

Weekly Gaxktte, +1869-1872+: He published it until 187a, 
when he sold it to Gervis M. Rwisell, who changed it to 

BiowN Corvrv Deiicx;rat, +i87»-i886+ : Gervis M- Davis was 
ed 'tor and proprietor. 1873-1874; H. K. Davis and S. N. Jones, 
1874-1875; Mr. Davi3, 1875-18S6. When Mr. Davis assumed 
ciwinlitwasanoqpuiof thcGnngers. It afterwards advocated 
tW priac%i)cs td the Greenbadt party. In iS;6 it supported 
fvttr Cooper, ud in 18S0, Gen. Haoctidi. Conaoltdated with 
the mmtit WwMy Heumg* in 1886 

BiovK CocsCTT RjwoBUCAit, Hay, 1866-1867: Established by 

J. S. ^Gcbolsaa; W. O. L. Jewett and Higgins, 1S67; 

BaERCt aad David D. IMllsao, 1B67; David D. WUsoo. 1867. 
vfccs pdbficatioD oeaaed. 

hUKlB Wncu liwwBiCT. Jaaoarr. t$7»-i886+: Esuh&facd 
bg Bamr A. Glna aad Eageat C. Brocknun; E. C. Bxock- 
■■■ tad Mait ftoaks, 1S75-1S76; E. C Brockman. 1S76- 
iB8$; J. B. S ii Attfa li l and Chutes Readrkk. 1SS3; C 
a VctsdL i«^iSS4; S. T. Raaorr. id&4-i386. Inly. t8S6. 
MHihiiMil bf IfBL Manr Vmm aad W. B. Davis, wto coaaoH- 
4MtBtf il «itb tfe IMnHEnK, bflCOBUi^ the Ormocrt^Mtssatt^ 
•f >i%. t^Stt- to diitk 3ta wte tkr aui^ccaeBt of Mis. MazT 
Stab awi W. B. Iten. b OcftAtc. 1^ k ms ckuged co 
tvkr ft weak. 

UK. t^o-t^-f ^ Esttb&btd bv BM»a Mi SlkkMy. 
Bmrnux aad KobMM^ iA» sllvr ft «kMn «■* «aM il «» 

a ■mil Tlwi||i[| w V 



Sentinel, +1856-1857+ : It was published by Tanner, Casey, 
and Anderson, with the latter gendeman as editor; afterwards 
published by John A. Wall and Joe V. Baugh. It became the 

Egyptian Torchlight, +5pring till late fall, 1857+: Published 
by HoUingsworth and Wall. The latter withdrew a short time 
before Hollingsworth, who was succeeded by Ed. Satterfield. 
He published the paper for a few weeks, and then it changed 
hands and name, becoming the 

Advocate. + 1857-1858+ ; Owned by Dr. S. Turner Brown, and 
published by him, with the assistance of Satterfield and Dowlcr, 
for three weeks at the end of 1857. Satterfield then kept the 
paper alive until the spring of 1858, after which time it was con- 
tinued with a change of hands as the 

Star, +i358-:865: Controlled by S. B. Curtis and James S. Lane^ 
1858-1859; John A. Wall, nine months; Ed. and John Satter- 
field to 1861; John Satterfield lo close of 1861; Judge Satter- 
field (father of Ed. and John) and Wm Davisson. to spring of 
i86a; Ed. Sallerfield, lo fall of 1862; Ed. and John Satterfield, 
1862-1865. The paper was bought in November, 1865. by C 
L. Hays, who began in December lo publish the /•>« Fress. 

Guardian, 1860-1863+ : Established by Alex RusscU and John 
A Wall, April, i860; the first Republican paper. It even 
claimed to be a War Democrat. Russell and Wall. 1860-1861 ; 
Russell and Denlinger, a few months, beginning in the spring 

(April ?) of 1861 ; fall of 1861, Denliager . In March, 1863, 

the Guardian was changed to 

Unconditional Unionist, +1863-1867: Established by John A. 
Wall, who published it three years. A. B. Barrett and others 
formed a stock company for the maintenance of the Unionist 
upon Wall's withdrawal. A. J. Alden was editor 1866 lo sum- 
mer of 1867. George W, Moray, his successor, discontinued the 
paper after five weeks. It was Republican in politics. 

Free Press, 1865-1880: EsUblishcd by C. L. Hayes, Decem- 
ber 6, 1865, and published from the office of the Star. In 
March, 1872, Hayes sold to R. A. D. Wilbanks and G. M. 
Haynes, who managed the Prtss till the following October, 
and were then succeeded by W. H. Mantz, to whom they teased 
the office. Mantz continued till ihe spring of 1876, when Don 
Davisson succeeded him. From April, 1879, to Februar)% i83o, 
the business was backed by a stock company of Grcenbuckcrs, 
and Wiiliam B. Anderson was editor. They sold out to H. H. 
Simmonsof the jV«w, February, 1880. 

Statesman, 1867-1873; Established by Henry Hitchcock, Sep- 
tember 3, 1867, to succeed the Unionist. Hitchcock sold out 


io May, 1873, to C. L. Hayes and R. M. MorrisoD, who began 
the publication of the Sucker Stale. The Statesman was Repub- 
lican in politics. 

Nkws, September a, 1871 tn date: Established by Lawrence F. 
Tromly and Company, Theodore Tromly joined his brother, 
and as the Tromly Brothers the> published the News, till 
the spring of 1876, as a Republican paper. At this time 
they sold to C. h. Hayes, who in turn sold to C A. Keller, 
January, 1887, Hayes retaining possesion till April i. KcUer 
sold to H. H. Simmons, November 28, 1877. The latter had 
edited the News Mncu April. In February, iSSo, Mr. Simmons 
bought the Free Press, which he combined with the News. In 
188^ he was still publishing his paper as the Mt. Veruon News. 
Simmons has bu-cn followed successively by John W. Grear, Grear 
and Baker. Pace and Baker, Sumner and Baker; and, as both 
a daily and a weekly, by the Mt. Vernon News Company, with 
Joe V. Baugh as editor. A Democratic paper. 

Sucker State, 1873-1874: Elstablished by C. L. Hayes and 
R. M. Morrison, who had bought Hitchcock's Statesman office, 
May, 1873, The paper now became Dcmotralic in politics. 
Morrison retired December 27, 1873. The paper failed under 
Hayes in 1874. 

Weeklv Extonent, 1878-1884+ : Moved from Casey, in Clark 
county, without change of name, by Edward Hitchcock, No- 
vember. 1S78. Publication in Mt. Vernon begun December 5, 
1878, with the first number of vol. 3. Hitchcock had edited also 
the first two volumes. In 1884 he sold to Morris Emmcrson, 
who changed ihe name to Register, aad in 1893 began the daily. 
On September i, 1902, Emmerson sold to Maurice J. Seed, who 
has continued the publication of both papers. Its politics were 


Registek, 1872-1880: Established by A. M. Anderson, editor, and 
John P. Mamel. In 1875 sold to Arnold Hughes. .After two 
years it ceased. In 187^ F. M. Hughes purchased the plant 
and resumed the publication as an Independent paper, but it 
became Democratic. Discontinued. 

Illustrated Baptist, 1879: Printed by the Register. 


Jackson Democrat, 1855: The proprietors were George C. and 
F. C. Bicrer. It was bought and discontinued in the fall of 1855 
by Lt. Gov. A. M. Jenkins. 



Sentinel, 1855: Established by Lt. Gov. Jenkins, who sold the 
establishment to S. S, Hall. He moved it to DeSoto, where it 
was known as the Farmer. 

Argus, i860 (?): In 1869 a paper by the same name, estab- 
lished iS68. was edited and published by W. F. Schuckers; 
T. F. Boulon and W. I). Prick, 1870; F.vans and Dishon, 1S73. 
In 1873 it was superseded by the Era. Denwicratic, 

Independent, 187.1 to date (1877): Edited by Bethune Dishon 
and John W. Grear. In 1876 Mr. Dishon severed his con- 
nection. Mr. Grear edited aJone until 1877. Independent in 
poHu'cs until 1877. then Democratic. In 1877 Mr. James C. 
Sowers became connected with the paper. 

Jackson County Era A^•D Southesn Illikoisak, 1873-1902+ : 
J. P. Robarts was editor ; Robarls and Evans, publishers. 1874 ; 
G. J. Burr was editor; G. J. Burr and Company, publishers, 
1879. It was continued until 1902, when it was absorbed by 
the Republican and the continuation called Republican-Era. 
Daily and weekly, run by H. L. Williamson. 

Industrial Tribune, 1878-3880: Ingram was editor and pub- 
lisher in 1880. Greenback. 


Du Pace CooNri' Recorder, 1849+ : Edited by C. J. Sellon aa a 
non-partisan paper. Changed to F 

Dkmochatic Plaindkaleh, 4-1850: It now became an organ of 

Daughteb of TeupERANCE, 1850: Issued weekly. 

DcFage Codnty Observer, 1851-1854: It sprang from the re- 
mains of the Democratic Plaindtaier. Published by Barnes, 
Humphrey, and Keith, 1851; by Barnes, Martin, and Keith, 
1853-1854. F 

DuPage County Journal, 1854-1857: Established by C. W. 
Keith. It was conducted successively by C. W. Keith, Keith, 
Edson and Company; J. M. Edson and E. M. Day. In Feb- 
ruar)% 1857, the building in which the office was situated was 
carried away by a flood. 

Newsletter, 1857: Published by E. H. Eyer. 

Sentinel, (?)- 1862: Published by D. B. Birdsall. 

DuPage County Press, 1863-1868+ : Owned by Robert Naper 
and P. K. Potter, who in 1868 sold to D. B. Givler. who changed 
it to 


Ci-AHION. +February, iS68 to date; Established by 0. B. Givler 
and putilbhrd by him until January, 1905, when he sold to his 
son, R. N. (iivlcr. (he present publisher. Neutral. 

CoLLKon CiiRONicLK, 1^73-1876; 18S3 10 date: Published by 
students composing (lie Chronicle Publishing Company in the 
inlcrcHt of Northwestern College. H. H. Rassweiler was editor. 
i87?-i8?^, J. I-. Rockev, i87<;-i876. Monthly. Files in N. 
W. Coll. ttb. 

l>t>PAQK County Volksifiti'sc, 1879-1880: Edited and pub- 
lished by Theodore BIrnkner German, neutral. 

nakm:s. scorr county 

S?lRrr or tuk West. 1837-183S: Established by a stock company, 
and edited and published by Nathan M. Knapp at inten-als of 
ap|Mirrn(Iy morr than a fortnight and less than a month. James 
M. KuggteA did the printing. The motto explained: "Amidst 
Xlw hum — the sirift — the shock of men, we hear — we sec — 
we (fl«l — Wkd then express." The editor prorauied by way of 
eiHcUait His cat.ilog of scnsatians, that a portion of the sheet 
should be tlrvv4ed to "F^luiation, Monlity, Political Economy, 
IN)etr\. an\l (teneral Miscellany.'' Before July 14 the estab- 
li«hmrnl hati been mn\Td to JacksoavtUe, where the paper be- 
came the S^il 0; tim Wtsi amd Wimms SlaiUard. Politkally 
"uninrtucncvd by partma prejudice." 

I^WTt aUMit iM|o; A Whig paper conducted by Mark W. DeUhay. 

0«nK>'KR. about 1850: rubltshed by a Mr. Tflden (A. S.?). 


Nnr Gka. tSjk~l8u-f : KsUbltsbcd Uid edited by a joint stock 
CQBpMiy ol A lew dtiiNtt vho M\ unrd the service 0/ P. W. Skiioer 
W pnitBr vtA OMMMper nf the mr\ hAEii<al pan. Johascn aad 
Lmui w«n r^litors and pHMi»hrr$ in i$5*. Neyml as to 
IMaWo. In t*^.^ ii wa^ <«^d to Kt^be^ K. FVtniikS awl tbe 
name rHanjEPd to F 

Mv>>nT<'^' ' '^' t l.S.<?^+ : nemmA'saHuuceaeita(itvasboe£,uMl 
iHr .viK.i)iVT!i.. Uk^ it buck* gtw doTfe o< k to It. 

U Mvxocvi. «^ betes « WWg, nw it n faecsue he wefoatd to 
mih* it « DwweoMoe vcgui imhtt ne cumpm^ of 1856. 
Hwwy J a haw a wu caHed tvn take hb pboc aad he changed 

iMTlhe MTwktKy 1ft iSjUSSBthUVMce^ 

I-Vma Mr. ^'AlKv it na«n4 tett «h» h»adt of O, P. Hodd^. wte 
pasnst h on« K* V, C Onvn. ST.. u4 ffa«e it die bmn «f ¥ 



Washingtom County Herald, +1860-1862+: C E. Hammond 
appeared as editor, i86o-tR6s. He sold out to M. M. Goodner, 
who called it 

Jacksonian, +i86»-i863+: Decidedly Democratic in its sympa- 
thies. Mr. Goodner sold to Francis M. Verner, who called it the 

CoNSTiTDTioN, +i86j (?): Amos Watts appeared as editor. 

Soon ceased. 

YoiTNG Amehican DEMOCRAT, + iSj.s ( ?) : Another paper 

which was regarded by its editors and publishers. Henry John- 
son and D. L. Logan, as the successor of Era. Probably dis- 
conlinut'd in 1856, when Johnson look charge of Monitor^ which 
he renamed Democrat F 

Journal. 1863 to date: Established in oppposition to the Jackso- 
nian. by a stock company which was organized December. 1862, 
by James Garrin and C. F. Harlman. The first issue was 
January 23, 1863. C. F. Hartman was editor and proprietor 
until 1870. when he sold out to O. F. Kimball and F. M. Taylor. 
James B. Matlack n-as manager and local editor. Kimball and 
Taylor sold to Matlack and J. B. Anderson. The latter firm 
continued to 1874 when Anderson sold his interest to C. F. Hart- 
man. Matlack and Hartman continued to May, 1875, when 
Hartman sold to Matlack. After a few weeks, Matlack sold a 
half interest to C. D. Wassell. In December, 1876, Wassell 
became sole owner. One month later, J. B. Wassell joined 
C. D. Wassell and the firm continued to date as Wassell Bros. 
Dr. W. M. Pierce was editor from the time this firm was formed 
until 1880; Way and Jones, 18.S0; Hartman and Com[>any 
1883; Hartman and Schmidt, 1884; Henry J. Schmidt, editor, 
Emil Schmidt, publisher, 1891 ; Schmidt and Watts, 1895; 
H. J. Schmidt, to date. Republican in politics. 

People's Prkss, 1866-1867+ : Established as a successor to the 
Constitution by a stock company of Democrats, with Amos Watts 
as proprietor and manager; Col. W. H. Redding, editor. After 
one year Amos Watts became editor. A year and a half after 
this, in the spring of 1S67, Joseph B, Anderson became publisher 
and proprietor and changed the name to the 

DtiuocRAT, +1867 to dale: Published for the first year of its 
existence under the new name, hy Joseph B. Anderson. Spring 
of 1870, Peter W. Baker, editor and proprietor, for eight 
months. Late fall of 1870, D. A. Burton and O. P. Hoddy. 
Fall of 1871, J. B. Anderson and S. C. Page. November 30, 
1871, W. S. and C. M. Forman. Forrnan Brothers sold No- 
vember 15, 1876, to J. J. Anderson, editor and proprietor till 
after 1891; Vemor and Carson, 1895; E. F Beiser, to date. 



WAfmiNGTON County ZErruNG, 1S74 to date (1882): Established 
March, 1874, by Forman Brothers and Dr. H. P. Schmidt. The 
latter was editor; the firm name was H. D. Schmidt and Company. 
Mardi, 1876, Forman Brothers suld to a stock compaoy, H. D. 
Schmidt and bwther becoming managers. July, 1876, the 
Schmidts retired, a new stock company was formed, with For- 
man Brothers as managers and Herman Rieken, editor. It 
contintie^ thus until February i, 1879. when J. J. Anderson 
bought the Zeiiung and in 1879 was sole publisher and proprietor 
of the Zeitung and Democrat. In 1880 and i88a Zeitung Printing 
Company were editors and publishers. U 

Illinois Volksblatt, 1876 to date: Established by H. D. Schmidt 
and Emil Schmidt in August, 1876. The former was editor to 
after 1S84. Hartman and Company were publishers in id8a, 
1884. In 1891 EmM Srhmidt was editor, lU'rman Rieken, 
publisher; F. C. Krumsick, editor, Schmidt and Waldo, pub- 
lishers, i8q5 to date. Republican. 


TiME.s AND Seasons, 183^-1846: A Mormon paper founded by 
Ebenezer Robins(m and D. C. Smith — the youngest brother 
of the prophet, Joseph Smith. It was issued semi-monthly, dur- 
ing the stay of tlic Mormons in the county, under several editors 
and publishers, among whom, besides its founders, were the 
prophet himself, Frederick G. Williams, John Taylor. Wilford 
Woodruff and W. W. Phelps. SH 

Wasp, ."Xpril 16, 1842-1843+: Founded by the patriarch, William 
Smith, who was succeeded as editor, late in 1842, by John Taylor. 
Issued from the office of the Timts and Seasons. It became the 


Neighbok, +1843-1845-)-; F-dited by John Taylor, one of the 
twelve apostle-s, and published by Taylor and Woodruff. 
Changed to HLF 

Hancock Eagle, +i845~April 3, i846-f: Still a Mormon paper; 
edited by Dr. \V. E. Matlack — a gentile. He was a graduate of 
Princeton and had been editorially connected with Horace 
Greeley on the New Yorker. In politics it was Democratic 
Upon the death of Mr. Matlack the paper was sold to Samud 
Slocum and changed to HL 

Ne^v CrrtzEN, +1846-1S47: Anti-Mormon, edited by Dr. Isaac 
Galland, later J. S. Winter. Published by Samuel Slocum. HL 

Expositor, June 7, 1844: Established to expose the controlling 
faction of Mormons. After one number was issued it was de- 
clared a nuisance by the common council and the press and 




material were burned or destroyed by the dty marshal — an act 
leading to the lynching of the brothers, Joseph and Hyrum Smith. 
ft was established by William and Wilson Law, Charles and Rob- 
ert D. Foster, Francis M. and Chauncey L. Higbee, and man- 
aged by Sylvester Emmans; aU were Mormons who protested 
against the despotism of Joseph Smith. SL 

CoLONiE ICARIEKNC, 1845 : Published by the Icarian community. 

Patbiot, 1847-1850: A Democratic paper edited by James McKee. 

IcARiAN Review, 1851 : Published by the Icarian community and 
edited by M. Etienne Cobct. 

Popular Tribune, January 25, 1851 (?); "Journal of 

Reform and Social Reorganization Organ of the Icarian Com- 
munity, undtT the direction of M E. Cobet, formerly an attor- 
ney general and deputy of France, and now president of the 
above community. *' By July, 1853, Popular had been dropped 
from the title. F 

Demochaxic Press, 1858-1860: FoundtHl by Gregg and Lambert. 
In a few months Messrs. Vates, Chapman, Bauer, and Swartz 
took the concern. Finally Mr. Yates, being alone, secured Mr. 
Grove to conduct it. His successor was .Abraham Yates. 

Hancock County Journal, 1870-1875; Established by Theo 
Bischof and conducted by bim until 1875. Printed at the office 
of the Keokuk Post. 

Independent, October, 1873 to date: Krcmer and Thomas estab- 
lished and ran the paper for forty-four weeks, when they sold to 
Hamilton and Nel-son (B. R. Hamilton and Joseph Nelson). 
After a year Hamilton retired and Nelson continued the paper 
till 1S80; Hibbard and Baumert, 1880-1885; Baumert and 

Argasl, 1885-1888; Baumcn Brothers, 1888 . Since 190a 

the paper has been issued semi-weekly. UL 


Advertiser. 1874-1875+ : Established by S. Z. Bland as an adver- 
tising medium. It was sold the next year to Allison Brothers 
of Mattoon, who changed [he name to the 

News, + 1875 to dale : In 1876 the paper was sold to Hancock and 
Kelley. Kellcy retired a year later. The paper was, in 1907, 
conducted by Mrs. T. R. Hancock with W. M. Simpson as 
editor. It is now owned and edited by L. A. Osborne. 


Gazette, 1868-1870: Established by Charles M. King. 



KsNOAix CocTNTY News. 1878 (?): An edition of the Piano 

News. R. M. and Callie D. M. Springer were editors and pub- 
Usbers in 1879. 

Clipper, (?). 

Era, 1869-1876: Established by Bauman and Schild. Frank R- 
O'Neill was editor and publisher in 1871 ; T. D. Schoupe, 1872- 
J874; sold to George Auerswald in 1875 and he in 1876 moved 
ibe office to BcUeville, where he commenced the Independent. 


Advance, 1874: W. T. Lakin was editor and publisher. Printed 
at the office of the Waverly Times. 


Golden AcE, i852-(after 1854.): Edited and published by L. W. 

Myers and M. Boyd. F 

Herald, 1865-1872; .\ Republican paper, edited and published by 

C. A. Ballard. 


Johnson County Joornal. 1874-1879: A. J. Allen was editor 
and publisher in 1875; Judd J. Penny, 1876; J. B. Chapman 
1S77; Milton M. .Smith was editor and publisher in 1879. 
Printed at Vienna. Independent. U 


Democrat, 1873-1874+ : Established by Cicero V. Walls. After 
six months he suspended it for a year. When he resumed pub- 
lication he changed the name to 

Independent, +1875 to date: In 1882-1883 Wall leased to Carle 
A. Uhler for about a year. In 1884 he again leased it to A. B. 
Smith. In 1887 A. B. and M. S. Smith purchased the plant. 
In 1894 A. B, Smith retired from the firm and M. S. Smith has 
been sole proprietor since. Though Independent at first, it 
became and is still Republican 


Record, 1871-1872: Established by C. M. Thompson. Repub- 

JocRNAL, 1872-1877: Edited by E. F.Baldwin, published by Walter 
Hogc, then by John Wadleigh, 1874-1875 and 1877; Joumal 
Company. 1876. An edition of the El Paso Joumai. 

Times, 1874-1877: J. H. Brevoort was editor and publisher. 
Issued from the office of the Miuonk Times. 




ENQuniEa, 1856-1858+ : A Democratic paper published by Geo. 

E. Hoar. Became the 
Ja5P£R Cocntv Deuocrat, +1858-1862: Published b> Mehaffey 

and Odell. 
Plaindealer, 1S58: Edited b> J. H. Graham as an "Independent 

Democratic" journal. Short-lived. U was succeeded by the 

Democratic Watchman, 1858-1865 + : Bought by Dr. T. H. 
Walker who engaged a Mr. Sears as editor. The name wa-s 
changed to the 

Press, +1865 to date: Later sold to a Mr. Stotler, with James 
Stotlcr as editor. The paper was bought, after four months^ 
by T. H. and A. N. Walker. In 1882 it was bought by John H. 
Shup, with Frank L. Shup as editor. The latter became part 
owner with John H. Shup, then with Isaac Shup. and later with 
James W. Gibson, who is now editor and publisher. The paper 
became a bi-weekly in rSpg. 

Jasper County Clipper, 1874-1876: E. Gorrell was editor and 

Jasper County Times, 1876 (?): In 1879 E. Gorrell was 

editor and publisher. Probably successor to Clipper Indepen- 
dent Democratic. 


Times, 1873: Chadwick and Brown were editors and publishers. 
Press, 1874-1876: W. S. Coe and Company were editors and pub- 
lishers in 1875; Ward and Young in 1876; H. W. Young in 
1877. Kepublican. 


Herald, October, 1874 (?): EsUblished by R. V. Malloy. 

Had a brief existence. 


Jodrnal, 1874-1876: D. C, Mclver was editor and W. E, Milton 
was publisher in 1H75 ; W. E. Milton, publisher in 1876. Printed 
at the office of the Girard Review. 


Advertiser, 1868-1871: Established by A. H. Draper and a Mr. 

Gazette, 1871-1878+ : Established by Picket and H. F. White. 
In the fall of 1872 James Bone took the plant on a mortgage and 
sold to D. H. Zepp and a Rev. Mr. Smoycr. In 1873 D. H. 


Zcpp became sole owner and sold in 1875 to H. F. Wliitc. Whhe 
soon sold to Hiram Graden. Suspended after a few years; its 
name was rcWved in 1878 and consolidated with Free Press. U 

BDLI.ETIN, 1873-1876: Established by A. H. Draper; continued 
for three years, and afterward intermittently 

Free Press, 1877-Marrh, 1878+ : Established as an advertising 
sheet by F,. M. Hutbcrt, who the next year consolidated it with 
the Gasette, and the new paper was called 

Free Prkss-Gazette, +March, i878[odate; Established, edited, 
and published by K. M. Hulbert and Hiram Graden. Graden 
soon retired, after which event Htilbert was sole owner. In 1881 
the Atlas (established 1880 by H. M. Graden) was absorbed. 
In December, 1888, J. W. Wild, editor and manager of the 
Deulsch --ImwiAawi^r (established by E M. Hulbert, December, 
1880), bought a half interest in the Free Press-Gautle and has 
been editor and half owner since. In April, 1893, ^■'- M. Hulbert 
sold to George E. Whittcr, who in July. 1857, sold to R. Frank 
Draper. He sold, in July, rcjoi, to G. H. Webster. Wild and 
Webster still conduct both papers. Non-partisan since 1880. 
Before that time Gazette was Republican, Free Press Democratic. 
Complete bound files in office. 


Illtnois Schoolmaster, June, 1 871 -December, 1876: Established 
in Bloomington, June, 1868, as Schoolmaster; moved to Chicago, 
then became Chicago Schoolmaster; moved to Normal, June, 
1871. It was then edited and owned by Aaron Gove and E. C. 
Hewitt. In February, 1873, it was merged with Illinois Teacher 
as Illinois Sckoolmnster and conducted by Gove and Hewitt 
until October, 1874, when John W. Cook replaced Gove. John 
W. Cook alone was editor and publisher of the number for No- 
vember and that of December. 1876, with which the career of 
the Schoolmaster closed. The Illinois Schoolmaster is mentioned 
as one of the papers which were combined to fo^rm the Educalional 
Weekly of Chicago, December, 1876. File owned by W, L. Pills- 
bury, Urbana, Illinois. HU 


Journal, 1874: A. J. Alden was editor and pubUsfacr. 
at the office of the Vienna Journal. 



Extemporary Bulletin, [86x(?) : Listed, without detaib, in Ken- 
ney's American Newspaper Directory for 1861. 




Herald, 1866 to date: Establiaht-d by I. M. Mallory, who was sole 
editor and proprietor until 1896, when he sold to Justin V. 
Beatty, the present publisher. Republican. When the name 
of the town was changed in 1908 from Nunda to North Crystal 
Lake the name of the paper was made Crystal Lake Herald. 


Herald, 1875 to date (i88o): Established by J. W. Crane, after- 
ward owned by S. A. Reel and Company with Rev. J, P. Camp- 
bell as editor. In 1879 O. Dicks was editor; R. O. Forsyth 
publisher, L. M. Priest wa.s rditor and publisher in r8So. Re- 
publican, 1877; Independent [Rowcll), 1879; Greenback (Ayer), 

Ledgvb. September 6, 1879 to date : Established by J. S. Yeirgin. 
L. T. Ycargin has been connected with the paper for more than 
thirty years and Ls its present editor. Independent-Republican. 


Independent, 1869-1870: J. H. Warner was editor and publisher. 
Weekly, 1873-1874: W. D. Wilson was editor and publisher. 
Centennial, 1876 : Published by the Livingston County Publishing 

Herald, 1877 to dale (1879): In 1879 J. H. Warner was editor 
and publisher. 


SourHEKN Illinois Journal, November, 1869-1870: Mr. WUson 

was editor and proprietor. The paper continued until late in 

Star, 187 1-1872: Dille and Amea were editors and publishers. 


Advance, 1874-1876: T. W. Eckert was editor and publisher. 


News, 1849-1S50: A paper fstablished by Daniel Cox and Alfred 
Kitchell ; edited and paid for by Kitchell, it is said, to promote 
his election as a Whig to the office of state's attorney. He was 
already prosecuting attorney for the fourth circuit when the 
paper was started. 

Republican, iS5o-i869(?)-I- : Established by John M. Wilson, who 
conducted it most of the time as a DeratJcratic paper. James 
J. Mayes was publisher in i'S55. He sold in 1855 to a Mr. 
McClaharty, who made the paper Whig, ran it one year, and 



died. The paper was sold to James Wright, a Whig, who sup- 
ported Fremont for president. By 1869 it was owned by Beck 
and Boyer and changed to F 

JooRNAi., +i869C?)-i876+ : Conducted by James Beck and Eli 
Boyer untO 1872, when they sold to H. H. Lusk. Lusk sold 
about 1874 to Israel A. Powell, who in 1876 changed the name to 

News, +1876+ : Israel A. Powell conducted the paper for awhile 
and, according to some informants sold to W. F. RalcliSe, who 
soon sold to T. A. Frtchev. A copy dated February 23, 1876, 
is vol. I, no. I. edited and published by W. F. Ratcliffe. In 
any event the name was changed back to U 

Richland Codntv Repobi-ican, -f 1876 to date: ByT. A. Fritchey, 
who put the paper in a sound condition. In 1895 Dan W. 
Fritchey was editor; in 1907, Lozier D. Yount. The paper is 
still issued twice a week. Repubh'can. 

Dollar Weekly Gazette, 1855-1856-*- : lisiablished by John J. 
Buntin. Milo N. Powers, and James Nabb, and conducted by 
themunti] 1858, when they sold to William M. Beck. He changed 
the name to 

Tdtes, +1856-1861+: A Republican paper, edited by WiUiaro 
M. Beck and E. Kilchell, and published by William M. Beck, 
1856-1860. The number for November ig, 1S58, had "Abram 
Lincoln for President for i860" at the liead of the editorial 
column. Beck died in i860; his sons continued the paper fora 
time, then sold, in 1 86 1 , to a Mr. Hawkins. He sold to Miles B. 
Friend, who changed the name to HF 

LeimjER, + i86i-i862(?); Friend made the paper Democratic. 
Sold to R. F. Steger. who in turn sold to Felix C. Carroll. Car- 
roll changed the name to 

Press,' i863(?)-i873+ : According to Bryant Higgins, of Obiey, 
Carroll continued the Puss until 1873, when he sold to E. B. 
Barnard and Mr. Hanna, who changed the name back to 

Times, +1873 to date: In a short lime Barnard became sole owner. 
He died in 18S2 ; for a short time thereafter Robert B. Witcher 


' A hijtory of RichlkiuS County (Ivu tti« foUowimt Items concrmiiut the PrriM. 
And the vEii&nce brtween Ihlsud tbaaccount ol Mr Hig^at, Mr. HigipiH refuMw 
to cleu up. 1 (> 'I unabl* to e*t iaforaution from th« editor*, nad no filei ore 
known to exiat- "Wwkly Prtss. 18S6-1864: Bst«bliahed Rnd edited by jkinsi 
Wright. Dtmocntlc. Sold in 1 86a toR. P. Stetsorand J. H-Grahfem [ue^ratfon 
Piaim(UcI^). Tbey sold to W. D. M.imford (we Ciititb*rlatul Dtmaeral. Prmiri* 
City), who a<1ded ■ part o( the materlAt d m confiscmted office in ArkaiUAs. In 
■SA4 the office wu brolcea up by a mob of toldicn becauM ol ntdlcat exprcntou 
Id the paper, and it> publicettion wax discontlntied " — P, W. 8. 



conducted the paper, which then fcU into the hands of W. F. 
Beck. Beck sold to Thomas Tippil. and he to D. P. Moore and 
H. C Morris. They sold, since 1907. to Elbert Rowland. 


Mercury, 1359-1861 : Its publishers were R. McKee, Davis 
and Backus. 

TtUES, December 1, 1870-1871: Established by Louis M. Babcock 
and Jacob Keiser. Mr. Keiscr withdrew in a short time. Mr. 
ChaHcs Drumm bought an interest and Iwcame foreman, Mr. 
Balxock being editor. May 4, 1H71, was the last issue before 
the removal of the Times to Wat-scka, where it was continued as 
the Iroquois Times. Some years after the name was changed 
again to the Iroquois County Times, and as such the paper was 
still being published in 1S97. 

Advertises, i864(?)- 1865+ : Pu]>li8hcd by Ed. Rumley. In 1865 
the Advertiser was changed to the Review. One dale given for 
the Grst issue is August, 1865. 

Grand Prairie Review, +1865-1869: Originally the Advertiser. 
One date for the merging of the Advertiser into the Reviefw is 
given as February, t.S66. Rumley and Lowe were editors and 
publishers. The office was moved to MoUne. December. 1H69. 

Seminary Gazette i867-i86g(!'): Edited by the faculty of Grand 
Prairie Seminaiy and published by Rumley and Lowe. 

Froit Grower. 

Courier, 1870: Published from spring to fall of that year by Jacob 
Keiser, who moved it in the fall to Winimac, Indiana. 

Review, 1874 tn date: Established by John B. Lowe in the winter 
of 1872, and still published by him in 1H80. By 1881 it was 
called Central Illinois Review, with J. D. Long a.s editor, 1882; 
E W. Warren, 1884-1891; Palmer and Gilbert, 1895. By 1895 
it was called Leader and Review. Republican. (Prints an edi- 
tion under the name Inquirer at Buckley, Iroq^uois county.) 


News, November, 1876-Scptembcr, 1879: Edited and published 
throughout its existence by A. W. Ladd. Complete files owned 
by Mr. Ladd, now publisher of (he Weekly News, .\lbion, 

JoDRNAL, (?) (?): Appeared but a few times, when it 

was merged ftith the Galesburg Register. 


Spectator, February 12, 1848-January as, 1908; The Spectator wits 
published continuously by members of the Patterson family for 



nearly sixty-one years. Founded by J. B. Patterson, it was con- 
tinued by him until Jamuary 31, 1849; then by J. B. and E. H. 
N, Patterson' until January 14. 1875; by J. B. Patterson until 
February 7. 1878; by J. B. and Harrj- N. Patterson (a grandson) 
until July 31, 1884; by Harr)* N. Patterson until January 4, 
1899; by Harry N. and F. A. Patterson (his wife) until January 
32, 1908, when the paper was discontinued. From October 16, 
1850, to April 18, 1856, the title was Oquawka Spectator and 
Keithxburg Observer. A weekly, non-partisan paper to 1863, 
when it became a Democratic organ. After 1891 it was a Pro- 
hibition paper. Files 1848 to date are the property of Mr. 
Harry Patterson. FD 

Plaindealkr, i852-i858(?J: The editors and proprietors of this 
paper were F. A. Dallam, 1852-1855; Horace Bigelow and Mr. 
Dallam, 1855-1856; James W. Reed and Mr. BigeJow, 1856- 

1857; J. K. Magie and Dand Mitchell, 1857 ; M. H. 

Jamison ; and Mr. Chamberlain, who moved it to BiggsviUe. 
From there it was taken by Judson Graves to Kirkwood, Warren 

Monthly N'ovellette^ 1S68 to date (1S69): Published by Biggs 
and Hevener. 

Hekderson County Journal, 187S to date: Established by 
£. A. Hail, and published continuously by him to date. 

Leisure Moments, August, 1870-JuIy, 1871; j\ small four-page 
monthly published by £. B. Chickering, who seems to have had 
a job printing office and an unpublished stor>'. The sioiy and 
the periodica! ended with the eleventh instalment, 


OcLE County Gazette, +June 11, 1851-1- : Removed from Mt. 
Morris and edited by K. C. Burchell, 1851, who, when a few 

1 Writing of Bdsar Allaa Poe, Mr. Bliss PeiT>- says," In the tut vcat of his lit* 
lie WM invlt«d by a. Mr. E. H. N. Pa.ttenoa to beoome tbe eiiiCor oi a, o«w maf 
•sine." Mr, Fattersan "proposed to found tin dpr Poe "i editorship. ' an Infloen- 
tiftL pttiiodlc*!' at Oquawka, IlUnais. 'Oquawka,' be adoiita, 'la comparaUvclr 
an unimportant point, but I Chtnk that inch being Uie cafe would not hijure at 
all the circulation of the magosine. . . , Hen E can enjoy every mail advan- 
tage that I couM at Si. Louis, t clng but tliifty hour* travel from Chat city, and 
beinx sittiated iinm«diBtc1y upon the MiaatHippi, with daily connection with the 
Northern Caoal and St. Loui«. and directly upon tba sreat daily mail Una trota 
the Ea«t, throufth Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana.' " Park Strut Poptri, to. 
A full atjcunnt iif the oorrcApondence l>ctweea Poe and Mr, Patterson waa giv«ii 
•ome years a«o by Eugene Field in Am^ka. and ha« been publtthed with fac- 
■imile reproductions oi nil the cartas ponde nee. by thnCaxton Club: Svm* L*iUTt 
of Edtar Allan Pot to E. B. S. PaUtrsOn of Ogtumka. Ittinoia, wUk CoimiunU 
by EuMtn* FitU. Chicago, iSv£. 



months later the Gazette was revived at Mt. Morris, changed the 
name of the paper to 

Ogle CotrNTV Repobter, +1851 to date: Edited by M. \V. Smith, 
1853: E. H. Lcggett, 1857-1861; John Sharp. 1861-1868; 
owned by M. W. Smith with J. Sharp as editor. 1868-1871; 
Charles L. Miller and E. L. Otis (Miller being editor), 1871; 
Mr. Miller and brother. James P. Miller. 1871; William H. 
Gardner, editor and proprietor, 1871-1872; Gardner and Tim- 
oleon Cscar Johnston, 1872; Mr. Johnston editor and proprietor, 
1S72 till after 1878; Frank Schatzell and others. The present 
editor and publisher is Frank O. Robinson. Republican. F 

National Guabi>, 1866-1873 +-: Kstablished by Samuel Wilson. 
most of the material furnished by a joint slock company of 
Democrats. In three months he associated with himself bis 
brother, F. B. Wilson. S. and F. B. Wilson published the paper 
until 1S67, when the junion partner retired and S. Wilson again 
became sole editor. In 1869 Ed. T. Richit became associated 
with Mr. Wilson. In three months Wilson rctirea and Richie 
became sole proprietor. In 1871 he sold lo Mr. Wilson, who 
again assumed management. In 1873 Jacob J. Biiser pur- 
chased one half of the office and in a month or two the name 
was changed to 

Ogle County Grange, +1873-1875+: Wilson and Jacob J. 
Buser, editors and publishers. In 1873 Buser purchased Wil- 
son's interest and was sole proprietor until February, 1875, when 
he associated with himself G. L. Bennett. In May. 1875, Buser 
and Bennett disposed of their entire interest to Charles R. Hawes, 
who changed the name to 

CouRiEH, +1875 (?): Edited and published by Ch'erles R. 

Hawes. In three months it was transferred to G. L. Bennett. 
In 1876 Henry P. Lason became editor and publisher. S. D. 
Wilson was editor and publisher in 1880. Republican. Before 
1882 the paper bad become the Indepindcnt,aad was Indepen- 
dent in politics. In 1882 and 1884 W. E. Ray was editor and 
publisher. In 1891 the paper was being issued as a Democratic 

K organ entitled Independent Democrat. Waggoner. Sherer, and 

Johnston were editors and publishers. By 1895 Sherer had 
Rai'alee's JoJONELto. 1877 1 Started by Norman Kapalee. Monthly. 
Printed in the Courier office. 
Chief, 1873 to dale (1876): Edited and published in 1874 by B. W. 
Seaton and Sons; in 1875 and 1S76 by B. W. Seaton. Printed 
at the office of the Cambridge Prairie Chief. 


ViDETTE. June-October. 1877+ ; Established by A. H. Chaffee. 
It was bought in October. 1877. by BoUes and N. J. Ludi. who 
changed the name to 

Times, + October. 1877-1887; BuUcs sold to Ludi in 1878, who 
conducted the paper until 188,^, when the plant was removed. 
W. A. Belles put in another plant and continued the name, num- 
ber, and volume of the Times until 1SS7, when it was bought by 
a ProhibitionLst company and called the Liberator. This con- 
tinued fur about a year. Bolles repurchased the plant and sold 
in March, 1907, to F, S. Fullerlon. the present editor. 


Kendall Countv Courier. 1856 (?)+: Edited by H. S. 

Humphrey. Changed to 
Kjenuau. County Free Press, H <?)-i864: Edited by A. 

R. Niblo. Moved to Vandalia. 

ViDETTE, (?): Taken to Aurora (?). 
BotD Hornet, (?): Taken to Aurora (?). 


Republican, 1836 for a few months: A Democratic campaign 

paper, edited by J. V. A. Hoes. P 

Illinois Free Trader, 1840-1843+ : A Democratic paper edited 

and published by George F. Weaver and John Hise. Changed to 


Free Trader, +1843 to'date: Published by John Hise and Wil- 
liam Osman, 1843-1845 ; William Osman Company, 1845-1847 ; 
William and Moses Osman, 1847-1853; George and Julius 
Avery, 1S53-1856; William Osman, 1856-1868; Mr. Osman 
and Douglas Hapeman, i868-i88a; William Osman and Sons, 
1S83 to 1891 ; William Osman and Sun, 1891 to date. Issued 
weekly to 1887, thcnccfOTward daily and weekly. Democratic. 
Files in office. SfiFP 

CoNsrntTXioNALiST. 1844-1852+: Established by James Lowry 
and H. E. Gedney. Mr. Gedney, 1850-June, 1852. Thaddeus 
Hampton bought the paper in June. 1852, and changed it to 

Republican, +1852-1890+: Edited and published by Mr. Ham- 
pton and J. W. Kelley, weekly to 1887, thenceforward daily and 
weekly. June, 1852-1857; Hampton and Buffington, 1857-1859; 
Mr. Hampton 1859-1864; William Perkins, 1864-January, 1867; 
Joshua Pusey, January*, 1867-two months; Pusey and W'illiam 
Cullen, 1861-June, 1868; Franklin Corwin and George M. 
Radcliffe, June, r868-January, 1870; Corwin and F. M. Sapp, 
January, 1870-a few months; Sapp and Radciiffe, 1870-1871; 



Sapp and Cullcn, January, i87i-July, 1887; Mr. Sapp, July, 
i887-.Sepiember, i8go. The Weekly Republican and the Daiiy 
Titnts were consolidated at the latter date as the Republican- 
Times, 1890 to date. Mr. Sapp and Mr. E. A. Nattinger were 
partners until January, 1900- At this time Mr. Nattinger's 
interest was sold to Charles E. Pettit and Fred A. Sapp, the firm 
name becoming Sapp, Pcllit, and Sapp. "WTirn the Kansas- 
Nebraska bill brought about the disruption of thr \\7iig party in 
1854, the Repuhliran, which had until that time Iwen an organ 
of the Whig party, was one of the first new.spapers in the slate 
to follow the leadership of Abraham Lincoln, Richard Yates and 
others tn the organization of the RepubUcan party.'" File from 
1852-1860 in the office of the Republican-Times, Ottawa. Mr. 
M. Hanilln. Ottawa, lUmois, has an unbound file. SU 

United Irishman, May 22, 184S (?); Published by an as- 
sociation of Irishmen^ including Messrs. Ryan, Cham plin, I-'isher, 
Glover, and Hoes, with Maurice Murphy as the active agent. 
Devoted to the advocacy of "a repeal of that nefarious Legis- 
lative Union between England and Ireland, which has not en- 
riched England, but made Ireland poor indeed." F 

Statesman, 1868 to date (1869): Edited and published by C. H. 
Hayes. Democratic. H 

Central Illinois WocnnNBLArr, 1S68 to date: J". J. Witte and 
C. W. Denhard were partners in conducting the paper from (86y 
to 1879. After Mr. Denhard's death in 1879 Mr. Witte was 
sole proprietor. German. Independent- Republican. 

Cuuuf.rcial Muxer, May, i873~May, 1874: Established and 
edited by Samuel S. Chisholm, published by the American Miller 
Publishing Company. After one year it was moved to Chicago, 
where it was continued under the same management. Monthly. 


Times, i877-r8()o: The Times began as a daily, and started a 
weekly edition in 1879. Edited and published by E. A. Nat- 
tinger. The Daily Times was cons4)lidaled with the Republican, 
September, 1890. (See Repuldican.) Republican in politics. 


Herald, 1872-1876: Earlie Brothers and Company, were editors 
and publishers, 1873; F. E. Holton and Company, 1874; Wil- 
liams and Holton, 1875; Frank E. Holton, 1876. Republican. 

Enterfhlse. i784-i877(?): A monthly advertisiug sheet. J. W. 
Smith editor and publisher, 1875; Enterprise Company, 1876. 

' Letter from F. A. Skpp. 



Enterprise, 1S78- (after idgi): Edited and published by W. G. 
Atdcn. In 1891 W. C. Williams was editor and publisher. No 
report in 1895. At first Republican, changed to Independent in 
politics. Printed an edition called Barrington Herald. 


Illinois Chronicle and LrrEBABY GAZErrr,, i83o(P): In the 
Crisis of Edwardsville for Seplcmbtr 9, 1850, appeared a pro- 
posal for publishing a paper so entitled, to be edited by E. S. 
Janney and published by Caddington, Beck, and Janncy. "It 
is intended to be emphatically a newspaper, containing correct 
and useful knowledge only— neither crowded with the com- 
plaints and disgusting squabbles of political demagogues, nor 
filled with the sickly productions of rhymstcrs, etc." There is 
no further trace of the publication. 

RuRALiST, 1856-1857; Edited by Samuel R. Jones, an expounder 
of the religious doctrine of the "Christians." Independent as 
to politics. . B 

Banner, 1858-1859; A Democratic paper edited by G. W. Harper. 

Yellow Jacket, 1859-1863: Started on the ruins of the defunil 
Banrur by A. Malone and E. Logan — the latter withdrawing in a 
few months. It wzs Republican in its sympathies. 


Weekly Herald, December 23, 1857-1867: Established by Milan 
S. Beckwilh ; Independent in politics whtrn first issued, but 
changed in 1858 to Democratic, and became a supporter of 
Douglas. The Herald was discontinued with no. 41 of vol. lo. 
Plaindealer, 1859-1860: Edited by E. ¥. Chittenden. Moved 
to Shelbyville. 

Central Illinois Democrat, 1860+ : Established January 7, by 
E. P. Sanders, proprietor and publisher, who had bought out 
the office of the Taylorville Journal. J. B. Butler was editor, 
assisted from I'Vbruary 23, i860, to June ist, by W. P. Phelon. 
November 9, i860, the office passed into the hands of G. W. 
Harper and F. J. Beck, publishers aod editors, who changed the 
name to the 

Weekly Enterprise, + November 9, 1860+ : After one issue the 
paper was bought November 24, i860, by O. F. Morrison and 
M. M. de Levis, who changed its name to the 

PuBUC, +1860-1862: M. de Levis was editor. The paper was kept 
up by de Levis and Morrison until June i, 1863, when the office 
and paper were moved to Clintouj Illinois. Independent in 



Gazette, July 37. 1865-1891: Established by Richard Coucb 
and R. M. Carr, editors and proprietors. April 7. 1S66, Can 
purchased the entire interest in the office and remained editor 
and publisher until December 11, 1868, when R. W. Coon pur- 

•1 f — 1. 

Harner, puWisher and C. S. Hilboum, editor; Urm name, j. t . 
Hamer and Company. Democratic in politics. Discontinued 
May, 1 868. 

Pailadiuu, i86q to date: Established late in 1869 by S. D. Rich, 
who was succeeded April 33, 1870, by P. A. and J. J. Farley. 
After several years P. A. Farley's retirement left J. J. Farley 
sole proprietor and editor. March 15, 1877, he sold the office 
to A, W. Chabin. Except from June to September of that 
year, when Jacob S^i-aJIow was a partner, Mr. Chabin was sole 
proprietor and editor from the date of his purchase to March 
10, 1879. On that date the office reverted to F Hey Brothers. 
w^ho sold it immediately to Jacob Swallow. Mr. Swallow was 
editor and owner until November i, 1906, when Joraan Brothers 
bought his interest. It is now conducted with W. B. Jordan 
as editor. Issued daily and weekly. Democratic in politics. 

Central HoatESTEAD, February to November, 1878: A monthly 
published by £. P. Sanders; printed at the office of the GatetU. 

Weekly Argus. 1879 (?): Established by A. \V. Chabin. 

March 15 1879, upon his retirement from the Palladium. The 
first five numbers were printed in Shclby\-ille and brought to 
Pana for distribution. After this Colonel J. A. Hayward became 
joint owner with Mr. Chabin and the office was established in 
Pana. The Argtn was Democratic in politics until January i, 
1880, when Colonel Hayward Iwcamc sole proprietor and editor, 
and made the paper Republican. Its politics was not again 
changed. Discondnucd. 

PosT-OmcE Register, "^(?) (?): Published by E. C 

Reese, and printed at the office of the CascUt. 


Illinois Stattsman, i836-( 1^ ■ Published for several year^ by Love- 
lace and Delav. H 



Illinois SxAXESifAN, i840-(?): A Democratic paper started for 
campaign purposes. A 

Prairie Beacon, 1848-1864 -f : Founded by Jacob Harding; fol- 
lowed by S. L, Spink, and he by William Moore A£F 

Wabash Valley Republican, June, 1853 to aficr 1S54: A Dem- 
ocralic paper founded by W. I). Latshaw and G. W. Cooper, 
who conducted it, 1853-1854; then by Messrs- Dill and Cooper, 
who sold to St. Clair SautherlanQ. F 

Vallev Blaije, 1853-1864+ : Joined to the Prairie Beacon m 1864 
and known as 

Prairie Beacon and Valley Blade. +1864 until after 1879+ : 
In 1869 it was edited and published by Dr. H. W. Davis and 
William Moore. In 1870 William and C. W. Moore were 
editors, and the first named was publisher. The name w:ls later 
changed to Beacon, which is still published. McFarrcn Da\is is 
editor. Daily since 1888. 

Democratic Stanoarp, 1860-1865+ : A Democratic paper estab- 
lished by McLafiFy and Odell. Conducted for a lime by J. F. 
Snow and Broiher of Bloomington. It wa.s boughi and named 

Wabash Valley Times, +1865 (?): By William D. Latshaw 

and John G. Provine. It was afterward sold to H. B. Bishop. 
In 1S69 it was edited and gjublished by Provlue and Bishop. 

Edgar CocNTY Gazette, 1873-1874+ : A Democratic paper estab- 
lished by James Shoaff. He died in 1S74 and the paper was 

Paris Gazette, +1874 to date: Continued by T. B. Shoaff and 
L. A. G. Shoaff, sons of James Shoaff. until 1880, It is now 
owned by J. D. and F. L. Shoaff. Democratic 

Republican, January, i877-i88i(?): Established by J. M. Prior. 
In 1879 owned and edited by J. M. Sheets. Later joined with 
Prairie Beacon and Valley Blade as Republican Bea<:oti. Dis- 

Edgar County Times, 1874: Established by Philip Shutt, later 
edited by Frank Shutt; then Jacquith and Garner in 1884, 
when it was semi-weekly. Democradc. Sold to Gateite. 

Edgar County Reporter, 1879; Monthly. Discontinued. 


NoRUAL Herald, 1875-1876: S. W. Davis was editor and pub- 
lisher. Educational. "The only weekly in America devoted 

to phonetics and short-hand writing." 




News, 1874-1871): W. H. Haskell was editor and publisher in 
1875-1879. Printed at the office of the Amboy Journal. U 

Herald. November 23, i877-(aftcr 1895): Eslablished by R. H. 
Rugglcs of Mendoia. Mr. Ruggles was proprietor and 
editor. He was succeeded as editor by E. G. Cass and J. B. 
Gardner, in January, 1878. W. M. Geddes became editor 
in February, 1878, and bought the paper of Mr. Ruggles shortly 
after. He was still editor and proprietor in 1882. In 1884 San- 
ford and Lane were editors and publishers; C. A. Mom's in 1891 
and 1895. Republican. Discontinued. 

Lf.f. County Times. March 21, 1878 to dale: Established by E. 
G. Cass and J. B. Gardner. Mr. Gardner retired in August 
187S. In 1881 Mr. Cass was still sole editor. Upon the death 
of Cass, M. L. Goodyear succeeded him and later was succeeded 
by O. W. Briggs: he by E. G. Dans: and he by Ed. F. Guffin 
in February, 1905. Republican. 


Ford Coitnty Union, 1864-1865-1- : Established in 1864. Bought 
in 1865 by N. E. Stevens, who changed the name to 

Record, + 1865 to date; Established and still published and edited 
by N. E. Stevens.' A daily edition was eslablished SeptcmlxT, 
1897. Republican in politics. Files in the office. Record also 
publishes an edition known as Loda Times, for Loda, Iroquois 
county; C. E. Healy, local editor. 

Ford County Liberal, August, 1872-1874: Established by Charles 
D.Sibley. Thomas Wolfe bought it in Novembc-r. Wolfe and 
Dodd were editors and publishers in 1874. Bumea out in Oct- 
ober. 1874. Liberal and Greenback. 

FoHi) County Blaue, July-December, 1876: A Democratic 
paper slarttd by Creed and Doxsey. 

Foan County News. November, r877-January, 1878+ : A Repub- 
lican paper started by Holmes and Colvin. 

Standard. January, +1878-1879: Edited and published by Holmes 
and Colvin. Considered a coatiauatioa of the News, but was 
Greenback in politics. 

Appeal. November, 1879 to date: -A paper established with Thomas 
Wolfe as editor and B. F. Hill publisher. J. C. Dunham bought 
it in t88o and changed the name in i88r to Eastern Illinois Reg- 
ister. J. W. Dunnan l>ecame editor and publisher in 1900. At 
first Greenback, Dunham made it Independent-Democratic. 

I N B. Stevciu biu betn ftctlv* u & cawipApor editor for fiftr-Mv«n r*«n. 
Sioo* tho dMUi (tf B. P. Sb«w of th* Dixon TtUeraph. Mr. 8l«vvi» bu tb« 
looffwt rvcord «f Mrvic* el «ll lUlaoli «llt«t. 


Real Estate Bulletin, 1870-1871: An advertising sheet bsued 
by Kinncar and Earl for nearly two years. 


County News, June, 1875-1895: Founded by William D. Perry 
to aid the county fair. Continued as a monthly newspaper 
and later (1881) called News and Central Recorder. Discon- 
tinued in 1895. 


Independent, May, 1859-1860: Edited by J. E. Duncan; con- 
tinued for a little more than one year. Republican. Copies 
in the News ollice. 

ENTtiKPRiSE, i87a-i88o(?) : A trade paper edited by Farwell and 
Pierce. Not mentioned in Ayer for 1881. Copies in the News 

N'ews, 1872 to dale; Establbhcd by Colby Brothers. Now pub- 
lished by G. F. Colby. Republican. 


Tazewell Telegraph, about 1837 : Listed by Peck in bis GazeUer 
for 1837. 

Tazewell Reportek, 1840- (?): Established, edited and 

published by N. S Trice. Whig. A 

Illinois PALLAniiu, July, 1842 • — (?); Edited by Willis G. 

Barbour; Published by T. J. Pickett. A Henry Clay organ. F 

MiSROR, 1848-X854+ : Established by John S. Lawrence, who 
sold after about two months to John Smith, in October, 1848. 
lie sold to Bernard BaDey in 1850. and with Adam Henderson 
bought it again in 1851. Smith said 10 Merrill C. Young in the 
fall of 1854 ; Young consolidated the Mirror and Revielle in the 
weekly lUaindealer. Whig. AU 

Reveille, 1850-1854+ : A Democratic paper started by James 
Shoaff and E. S. Rogers. Sold to J. C. Thompson in 1851 ; to 
Merrill C. Vounff in the winter of 1853-1854. He consolidated 
it with the Mirror to form the 

Plaindealer, +1S54-1856+: Published as an Independent paper 
by Young and Underwood until 1856, when it was bought by 
Thomas J. Pickett and named S 

Tazewell Register, +1856-1873+: Thomas J. Pickett conducted 

it as an Independent paper with Republican tendencies, until 
the spring of 1858, when John McDonald bought il and made 


it Democratic. In i86q William T. Mcadcs was CQJtor and 
publisher. It was sold to \V. T. Dowdall and J. D. Irwin, and 
became the 
Times, +1873 to date: Irwin soon became sole owner and in 1881 
established the Daily Times. In 1886 the papers became the 
property of A. W. Rodockcr and F. Shurtleff, under the firm 
name of Times Publishing Company. They are now Demo- 
cratic papers under the editorship and ownership of Judge A. W. 

Der Wachter am Illinois, 185a: Established by L. Reitzenstine, 
and continued for six months. 

, 1S54 : A German paper established by Koeber and 

Lohman and sold to a Mr. Lugans. Lived but a short lime. 

Tazewkll Countv Mirror, 1S55-1860: A revival of the Afirror 
conducted by Thomas J. Pickett until i860, when John Smith 
became its owner, discontinued it, and began the 

Tazewell County Republican, 1860-1886: John Smith con- 
ducted the paper until 1862, when Hezekiah Naylor bctame the 
owner. He sold to W. W. Sellers, 1863-1S72; after several 
changes it was bought by Mrs. Inez in 1886 and the Daiiy 
Post was estabUshcd. J. B. Irwin was editor and manager at 
this time. The paper became the Post-Tribune in 1900 by con- 
solidation with the Tribune, established in 1S95 by Mayron 
Corey. U 

Patriot, 1862. Established by Hezekiah Naylor ana O. White. 
Had a brief existence. Perhaps the date should be 1861. See 
Virginia, Caw County Independent. 

Fheie Presse, 1867-1S68: .\n auxiliarj' to a paper in Peoria. It 
was started by Julius Myer Pefer: later owned by a Mr. Luntz. 

Independent 1870: Established by Theodore Falk; sold to Henry 
Fuss. A German paper which had a brief existence. 

Bulletin 1873-1S76: F,dltcd and published by William H. Bates. 
Became a daily in 1876. TJ 

HER.ALD, (?)-i87s: Merged with the Republican m 1875 by 

0. W. Lusk. 

Fbeie Presse, June, 1876 to date: The old Freie Presse was resur- 
rected by John \V. Hoffman. After several changes in owner- 
ship the paper was bought in 1884 by A. Weiss, who still owns 
it (1907). 

Legal Tender, December, 1877-1879: Issued by B. S. Heath 
and Company in the interest of the "Greenback Labor*' party. 
Frank M. Castle and James Vogan acquired the property in 



July, 1873; Vogan withdrew in December; James and Herbert 
Whitfield bought it in May, 1879. Later dtscontinued. 


Illinois Champion and Peoria Herald March 10 (aa?), 1S34- 
1836 : A Whig paper founded by Abraham S. Buxton and Henry 
Wolford. In the first few numbers the paper made a bid for 
popularity by advocating the removal of thu stale capital to 
Peoria. Before April, 1836, it was sold lo J. S. Armstrong and 
Jacob D. Shewaltcr. who changed the name to A 

Illinois Champion and Peoria Repubucas, +1836-1837 + : 
Jerome L. Marsh was employed to edit and conduct the paper. 
In 1837 it was sold to S. H. Davis, who changed the name to 

Register and Northwestern Gazetteer. + 1837-1842+ : S. H. 
Davis was editor. Its politics were Whig. Davis sold in 1S42 
to Samuel and W. Henrv Butler, who reduced the name 
to ' APHE 

Register, +1842-1845+ : In 1845 the Butlers sold 10 Thomas J. 
Pickett who took H. K. W. Davis as a partner for an unknown 
time, and changed the name to Monmouth F 

Weekly Register. + i845-i848((')+ : Three years later a Mr. 
Woodcock was a partner of Pickclt, and the two Issued the 

Daily Register, +June-August, 1848: It was the first daily 
paper In Pc*Jria. 

Democratic Pre,ss, Fcbmaiy, 30, 1840-1857: Edited by John S. 
Zieber, 1840-1846; Thomas Phillips, 1846-1849; Washington 
Cockle, 1849-1851; Enoch P. Sloan, 1851-1856; Mr. Corn- 
well for a short time and then George W. Raney until the estab- 
lishment was destroyed by fire in 1858. From 1853 to 1854 
there were a weekly and a tri-weekly issue; from 1854 to 1856, 
a weekly and a daily issue. Monmouth PAF 

Gerrymander, March-fall. 1843: Edited by S. DeWitl Drown. 
A campaign paper ridiniling the work of the legislature of 1842- 
1843 in dividing the Slate in such a way as to make but one Whig 
congressional district in seven. 

American, July, 1845-1850: Established and published by James 
Kirkpatrick. First paper in Illinois lo put the name of " Rough 
and Ready" at the head of its columns. 

Nineteenth Century. Septemlwr ( ?), 1848: Established 

by J. R. Watson and D. D. Irons as a National Rtform paper. 
After a few months sold to James Kirkpatrick, who merged 
it with American. 

Chamhon, 1849-1850: Issued daily by Pickett and Da\ns. The 
burning of the office and press ended the life of the paper. 



'EPiTBLiCAN, June I, 1S50-1857: A Whig paper cslablishetl by 
Thomas J. Pickett. Editors in sua-cssiun were ; Baily and 
Pickett; Pickett and WaJte; Pickett and Samuel L. Coulter. 
Sold in 1856 to Samuel L. Ci>ullcr. and disconlinucd a year or 
two afterward. It was at first issued as a weekly, but bcginiung 
January 17, 1853, it was issued daily and weekly. 

VoiCK OP THE People, March 4, 1851 (?); Established by 

Dr. J. W. Hitchcock. F 

Illinols B.\nner, Febniar}' iS. 1852-1858, 1S59+ : The first 
German paper in Peoria; cstabliahed by J. Wolf and A. Zotz. 
Wolf withdrew after four months, and Zotz continued the 
paper as a weekly, then a tri-wcckly, and then a daily, 
until January 14, 1858, when he sold lo Edward Rummel and 
a Mr. Kappis. Kappis withdrew after a year, and Rummel 
changed the paper's name to DeiUiche ZfUung. Democratic. 
The Banner was reWved for a short lime in 1859 by William 
Geilhausen. SF 

Deutsche ZEirrNC, +1859-1878: The paper became Rcpublitan 
under Rummel, who conducted it alone until the close of I he war, 
when Captain Frcsenius bought an interest. In i86y Rummel 
became secretary of state and sold his interest to Tresenius, who 
sold on January i. 1871, to Rudolph Eichenburger. lie con- 
tinued it until November g, 1S78, when he sold to the Pemokrai. 


Daily Morninq News. May 26, 1852^1857+: Eslablished by 
George W. Raney in opposition lo ihc Demotratk Press, and 
fought Douglas. In 1858 Raiiey bought the equipment of the 
defunct Press and, di^continuiiij^ ihcNews. began the PF 

Democratic Union, +1857-1863; This paper under George 
W. Rauey, was the leading Democratic organ until September, 
1862, when upon Raney's going to war its publication ceased. 
Daily. PAF 

Memento, August, 1854-1861, 1867-1870' A monthly publication 
devoted to literature and Odd Fellowship William Rounseville 
was editor and N. C. Nason publlsluT. It was discontinued in 
1861, revived by Nason in .April 1867, and fmally discontinued 
in May, J870. C 

Transcript, December 17, iPss-iSg8+: The llrst number of the 
weekly Trar^script appeared January i, 185O. Edited at first 
by William Rounse\Tlle and published by Rounseville and 
N. C. Nason. Soon it was transferred to Caleb Whittemore and 
Sanford Moon. .After a short time it was bought by James G. 
Merrill, who sold in the fall oi 1859 to Nathan C. Gecr. Roun- 
seville had remained editor up to this time, and had supported 




Democracy. Gecr assumed editorship and changed the politics 
of the paper to Republican. He sold in iS6o to Enoch Emery 
and A. Andrews. In 1^65 Emery bought out Andrews and was 
sole owner until 1869, when it was transferred to the Peoria Tran- 
script Company. Emery was editor from i860 until the eod of 
1880, and made the Transcript one of (he most influential poHt- 
ical papers of the state. Through 1880 the paper was conducted 
by Emer>- and R. H. Whiting; Whiting was succeeded at the 
dose of the year by Alexander Stone, who remained managet 
until 1892. In that period the paper was edited successively by 
Welker Given, William Hoyne, E. P. Brooks. William S. Brackett 
and R. M. Hanna. In March. 1893, a new Transcript company 
was organized; I. N. (Jarver was made manager, and Thomas 
R. Weddell editor. In 1898 the paper was merged m the Herald 
(cstahlisfied 1889). which has since that lime been called H^ro/tf 
Transcript. Daily. Files (daily), iR57-Dcccmher, 1898 (weekly), 
February. 1858-Dcci'mber, 1892, in the Peoria Public Librarv. 


Illinois Teacheb, 1856-1873+ : A monthly established as 
the organ of the Illinois Teachers' Association, with Charles 
E. Uovey as editor and N. C. Nason as publisher. Newton 
Bateman was editor in 1S58. At the close of that year the publi- 
cation became independent of the association. It was published 
by Hill and Nason until 1S60. and by Nason alone until 1873, 
when the publication was sold to the Schoolmaster, Normal, and 
a new name, Illinois Sckoalmaster, resulted. SCHU 

Chrtstian Sentinel, 1856-1858: A monthly magazine devoted to 
the interests of the "Christian" Church ; issued by 0. A. Bur- 
gess, J. N. Carman, and John Lindsey. It was in its third vol- 
ume when first published in Peoria, and was continued in 
Eureka after 1858. 

FiLLUORE Union, September 8-November, 1856: A campaign 
paper edited by a committee. F 

Demokrat, August 18, i860 to date: Established and edited by 
.Mois Zotz. 1860-1864; Bernard Cremer, and Christian Pohlmann 
for a short time, then Bernard Cremer alone, October 24, 1864, 
to date. Published by B. Cremer and Brothers .since January, 
1874. Files at the office. German daily. P 

Morning Mail. : Established by George W. Raney. 

Files in the Peoria Public Library, January, 1863-June, 1864. 
This paper was succeeded by P 

Star, and 

Post, both short-lived adventures of George W. Raney. the exact 
dates of which are not known. 



Natio.val Democrat, September, r865-i886( ?) : Daily and weekly. 
W. T. Dowdall, editor and publisher. PHU 

Temperance Magazine, July, 1867 (?): 

lished by Boyle and Franks. Monthly. 

Edited and pub- 

.Advertiser, Marth, 1871-1878-1-: An adverli^iing sheet published 
by Elderkin and Bls^cII and distnbuted gratuitously. In 1875 
Eldcrkin and Chapman; in October, 1873, Chapman wus suc- 
ceeded by Harry Reynolds, the paper was enlarged and a sub- 
scription price charged. Reynolds retired in 1875. In 1878 
the name was changed to 

Sun, +Oclober, iS78-aftcr 1880: In Januar>-, 1880, R. E. Laurcr 
entered the firm and the Sun Publishing Company was organ- 

EvEXLVC Review, i873-i884(?): Established by Sheldon and 
Baldwin. Bought by Thomas Cratly, who associated mth him 
Leslie Robinson. In January', 1873, Dowdall of the Democrat 
and Enoch Emcr)- of the Transcript bought the paper. But the 
staff changed printing offices and willi Robert J. Burdette as 
editor, continued the paper until June, when Dowdall bought it 
again and continued it. Afterward discontinued. P 

Western Scientific Journal, i874-i876(?); Edited and pub- 
lished by L. O. Wilson and Mr. Morris. Monthly. TJE 

Saturday Evening Call, April, i877-i8S6(?): Established by R. 
Henderson and Company (S. R. Henderson, J. D. Weaver, J. 
W. Clifton), editors and publishers in 1879, A "family" paper. 

Evening Journal, December i, 1877 to date: Established by 
E. F. Baldwin and Jacob B. Barnes. Failed by E. F. Baldwin 
until 1885. It then became the property of a stock company 
composed of Baldwin, Barnes. M. N. Snider and Charles Powell ; 
after a short time after some changes Barnes became chief owner, 
and was editor until about 1S90. In 1900 the paper was bought 
by James P. Dawson, and Charles Carroll became editor. In 
1905 Henry M. Pindell was owner and Robert P. Hanna editor. 
Independent Democratic. C 

Pharmaceutical News, July, 1878 ( ?) : Established by J. T. 

Skinner, who was succeeded by Dr. H. Steele. 

SoNNTAOS-ZEnoNG, i8-j8-iS8o{Y) : Edited in 1879 by Adolpb 
Zwanzig. Evidently short-lived, as it was not mentioned in 
Aycr in 1881. 

Sonne, AprD 17. 1879 to date; Established by L. P. Wolf.Wilh'ain 
J. Brus, and Joseph Wolfram. The Sunday edition, begun in 



iS8o, is called SontUagsGlocke. In iS86 L. ?. Wolf became 
editor and publisher, and has so continued. German daily ajid 
Illinois Tbadk.suan and Manufacture e, 1879-1881 : Con- 
ducted by John A. Monger. 


Eagle, 1877-1888: An advcrtisingsheet mentioned in Ayerfori88i. 
EstahliRhed by James Bamhart. Files in possession of Mr. 


Pakagraph. i&j8-iSSc{7) : H. C. Cobb was editor and publisher, 


NiNAWA Gazette, May 16, 1840-1841: Established by Allen N. 
Ford and edited by G. W. Holley. A Harrison paper. Moved 
to Lacon. A 

Beacon Light, afterwards the Junction tienton, 1846-1848: Estab- 
lished by Nash and Elliott, published by Mead. Higgins and 
Boyle and 'ater by T. W. Mead. F 

Telegraph, 1848-1853+: Published by Holbrook and Underbill. 
Freesoil. In 1853 it was sold tu J. F. and N. Linton and the 
name changed to F 

Chronicle. +1853-1856: For ten months of the life of the Chrtm- 
ule. Messrs. Linton published a daily. Ottawa 

Democrat, i8so-(?): Edited by Thomas W. Welch. 

Rattlesnake, 1855+ : Foimded by Guy Hulett. Changed to 

La Salle County Sentinel, +i855-aftcr 1858: .\ Democratic 
paper published by J. L. McCormick and Guy Hulett; after- 
ward by J. F. Meginness. Faithfully supported Douglas. F 

Commercial and Volksfreund (German), i858-(?): 

Herald, 1858-1884+ : Published by H. S. Beebe, 1858-1860. F. 
M. Sapp purchased it in i860, in 1861 the materials of the defunct 
German paper, and in 1863 the materials of the collapsed Chron- 
icle. Mr. Sapp was sole editor, 1863-1870; Gallagher and Wil- 
liams, 1870-1S76; W. B. Tapley, editor, Spencer Ellsworth, 
publisher, 1876-1884. 

News, 1879-1884+ : Established as a semi-weekly by H. S. Corwin. 
In 1884 he bought the Herald and combined the two us Twin 
City News-Heraid. A daily edition was started in 1886 called 



News-Heraid, and the Tvrin City Nrws-Heraid was made a 
weekiy. W. B. Tapley was editor of the combined papers. In 
iSgi H. S. Corwin was editor. 


Express. 1854-1855+ : Edited by S. B. Duggcr. Changed to 

Menard In-hex, +1855-1863: Edited by H. L. Clay, tSss-iSsS; 
Hnmiltnn and Brooks, 1S58-1863. At first neutral as lo politics, 
then friendly to Douglas, but finally became Republican, which 
greatly enraged the citizens. SAF 

FuxuoRE Bdgle, 1856: AcampaigQ paper edited by William Glenn. 

Menaki) CntTNTY Axjs. 1859-1867+: Democratic in politics; 
edited by C. Clay, 1859-1867. He sold it to a joint slock com- 
pany and iLs name was changed to 

Democrat, +1867- to dale: Edited bv M. B. Friend. 1867-1871; 
E. T. McEIwain, 1871-1877; A. E.' Mjck (with S. S. Knoles as 

associate editor, 1878), 1877 (?). In 1907 Wilkinson and 

Oustolt were editors and publishers. 

Menard Republk-an, r868-i8;4(?) : J. T. McNeely was editor and 
publisher; Bennett and Zanc, 1872; W. S. Bennett. 1873; 
Bennett and Bryant, 1874. It had evidently suspended by 1875, 
as it was not mentioned in Rawell of that date. 

Menard Coitnty Times, i873-i877(?): Established by John 
Frank. In 1 876 I-'rank and Parks became editors and publishers ; 
Francis M. Taylor was editor and proprietor in 1877. S 

Observer, 1876 to date: Established by Cain and Parks, editors 
and publishers; A. N. Curry, 1882 ; W. R. Parks, 1884 + . In- 
dependent; Greenback in 1S80. In 1905 it was classified as 
Repubittan^ with L. F. Watson as editor. 

Republican, i879-(ai[er 1880}: Martin and Davis were editors 
and publishers in 1880. 


Hekalij, (?): Listed in Rowell for 1S69 as edited and published 
by Harper and Lane. This is one of John S. Harper's numer- 
ous ephemera] publications. It is not remembered by any old 
inhabitants of the village. Printed at the oiEce of the Homer 


Perry County Times, i856"(?) : Edited by William Ewing. 

Perry Coisnty Banner, 1869-1871: Edited and published by 
John k. Wall and D. B. Van Syckel. Independent. In 1870 
Van Syckel's interest was purchased by E. H. Lemon, Esquire. 


Lemon made it Republican. In 1871 W. K. Murphy and John 
Boyd were editors. In four months it was sold to Messrs. Kira- 
baU and Taylor who removed the office to DuQuoin. {See Du- 
Qucin Reffubiican.) 

Independent, 1875-1878+: John A. Wall was editor and pro- 
prietor. In 1878 the office passed into the hands of C. E. H. 
WtUoughby, who changed the name to U 

Perby County Democrat, + 1 878 to date : It passed t rom C. E. H. 
Willoughby to J. J. Sargeani and Thomas K. Willoughby, In 
1880 Sargeanl bought out Willoughby's interest. In 1881 pub- 
lication was suspended. In a month (he office was purchased 
by W. A. Penny. J. J. Penny, a brother, became a partner, and 
took editorial charge. It was sold to Roy .Alden in 1893, and to 
Orah E. Meyer in 1903. In 1906 Joseph E. Brcy was editor, and 
on March 1, 1907, T. L. Baxter became publisher. He con- 
linues so at the present time. I'trry County .seems to have been 
dropped from the title at some time after 1881. 

Pekhy County Signal, 1878-1880: Established by John A. Wall 
and L. D. Murphy. In 1879 Walt withdrew, and after a short 
time the paper was suspended. Republican. 


Advertises, 1876 to date: A Republic^in paper edited and pub- 
lished by Henry Allnut. 


Sucker and Fabuers' Record, June 1, 1842-1846; Edited by M. 
J. Noyes and I. B. Price. Whig. Issued weekly. Suc- 
ceeded by A 

Pike County Free Press, April 13, 1846-1858+ ; Edited first 
by Z. N. Garbutl. then by Z. X. Garbutt and M. H. Abbott; 
later by John G. Nicolay and Mr. Parks; afterward by Mr. 
Njcolay alone; in 1857 by J. W. and F. M. Cunningham. Whig; 
under Garbutt was against all secret societies; under John G. 
Nicolay it was one of the papers to endorse the call to anli- 
Nebraska editors that brought about the organi2ing of the 
Republican parly in Illinois. It was issued at Pittslleld and 
Griggsville. Became the UAF 

Pike County Jodhnai,, 1858-1863 + : Edited by D. B. Bush, Jr. 
Mr. Bush sold lo Robert McKee. In 1863 Messrs. McKee and 
William A. Grimshaw named it 

Old Flag, +1863 to date: Edited by Robert H. Creswell, pub- 
lished by James Creswell, 1871-1S73; James Gallagher was 
editor, Creswell and Gallagher, publishers, 1874-1879. James 

Gallagher and Son were publishers in 1882; Turner Brothers, 
1884-1891. Name changed to Pike County Republican in 1894. 
Burr H. Swan is editor and publisher at present. Republican. 
Pike County Sentinel, 1845-1849+ : Edited by T. J. Trumbull, 
supported by G. W. Smith. Democratic. In 1849 John S. 
Roberts purchased it and changed it to 

PcKE County Union, +1849-1857+ : Roberts was editor 1849- 
1851 ; M. H. Abbott, 1851-1857. A tile in the Library of Con* 
grcss, May 2, 1855- June 9. 1856, shows that the Pike County 
Union was printed at GrifEgs^iUc during (hut period and dated 
for Griggsvillc and Pitisfieid. Abbott cljangcd il to A 

Pike CorNTV Democrat, +1857 to date: Edited by Brown and 
Frazicr; Frazier and McGinnis; Robert F. Fraaer. In 1S65 
it became the property of J. M. Bush, whose sons, W. C. Bush 
and J. M. Bush, became owaers, editors and publishers in 
January, 1904. The senior J. M. Bush is a brother of D. B. 
Bush of the Jourttai. Democratic. Files in the office. E 


WatchTowek, 1875: .^ "family newspaper" edited and published 
by Mary A. Tounshendeau. It was discontinued when the Echo 
was established. Files owned by G. W. Flagg, Plainfield. 

Echo, 1876-1877: Established as a "family newspaper" by H, A. 
Tounshendeau. In was absorbed in 1877 by the Jolict confed- 
eration of Phoenixes. In its place Tounshendeau established 

Apex, 1877: H. A. Tounshendeau was editor. Independent. 
Phoenix, 1877: J. H. Ferriss was editor; McDonald, Ferriss 
and Company publishers. Devoted to farmers' interests. 


True Latter Day Saints' Herald, i86o-(after 1881) : An organ 
of the Latter Day Saints. It was edited in 1869 by Joseph 
Smith and Henry A, Stehbins, and published by the Board of 
Publication of the Reorganized Church of Jesus of Latter 
Day Saints. Semi-monthly. S 

Mirror, ia64-(after 1884): A Republican paper edited in 1869, 
and in 1879, by John R. Marshall; E. J. Bennett, 1882; E. I. 
Bennett, editor, J. R. Marshall, proprietor, 1884. Printed at 
the office of the YorkviUe KemUtU County Record. 

Zion's Hope, i869-(aftcr 1881) : Another organ of the Latter Day 
Saints, with the same editors and publishers, in 1869, as of Saints* 
Herald- Semi-monthly. 

News, 1S73 to date: Established by R. M. and Collie D. M. Springer, 
editors and publishers. J. M. Marley, editor, 1880; Marley 


and Cook, iSSz; R E. Marley 1SS4. By 1881 the name had 
been changed to Kendall County Neii's. Edited and published 
in 1907 by George S. Faxon. 


Locomotive, 1857-1858: Published by a company and at 6r8t 

edited by Thomas Oregg, A. W. Hahn was editor in 1S58. F 
Dollar Monthly, May. i873-January, 1876+; Conducted by 

Thomas Greg}?- Changed lo 
Rural Messenger, +Januar>-, 1876-ApriI. 1877: Edited and 

published by Thomas Gre^g. A sixteen page paper "devoted 

to literary and rural affairs." 
Advocate. January, i877-ApriI, 1879: Conducted by E. A. HaJl 

until August, 1878, when he sold to W. A. Post and Jesse W. 

Bell, Jr. Post as editor, was succeeded by W. S. Hendricks. 
Phonograph June. i87g-(afler 18S2); Begun as a Democratic 

paper by Charles N. Bassclt. Changed to a neutral. 


Sentinel, Octol)er- December. 1856: A Democratic paper started 
by F. O. Austin and continued for about three months. No 
copy known to be in existence. 

Champion of Freedom, January, 1857: Established by John Mar- 
cellus Perkins. Only a few numbers were issued. J. W, Clin- 
ton owns copies oi one or two. The paper was probably printed 
at the office of Ihe Sentinel or the Transcript. 

Transcript, June, 1857-April, 1858: Edited by Charles Meigs, 
Jr., for a joint slock company composed of Zcnas Aplington, 
W. W. Bums, L. W. Warren I^mncl Newion Barber, and S. 

C. Treat. In May, 1858, the material was purchased by 
Henr^' R. Boss, proprietor of the Advertiser. F 

Ogle County Banjter, April 14, 185S-1860: A Democratic paper 
issued by R. P. Redheld for a joint stock company. In 1859 
Mr. Redfield purchased the office, enlarged the paper and passed 
it over to J. M. Williams, who passed it to George D. Reed. 
RcdOcld, Williams, J. H. More, and George D. Reed were 
editors for short periods, j. W. CImton of Polo has a few 

Advertiser, May 6, 1858-1863+ : Established by Henr)* R. Boss. 
using the material of the Transcript. Boss sold in December, 
i860, to Morton D. Swift. He and J. D. Dcpf merged in this 
paper the Mt. Morris Press. Dopf withdrew in March. i86i 
and Swift enlisted in April, whereupon the paper p;isscd lo J. 

D. Campbell and James W. Carpenter, lawyers, who issued the 




paper when they could gel printers. Carpenter died in 1862. 
Swift returned in 1863, and he and Campbell changed the name 
Polo Press, +March, i863-ia66+: Campbell and Swift con- 
ducted the paper until February, 1865, when Duniel Scott and 
M. V. Satzman bought it. Scott soon gave way to Swift. 
August I, 1865, John VV. Clinton bought the paper, and in 1866 
changed the name to 

Ogle Counts- Prkss, +1866-1901: J. W. Clinton was editor 
publisher and owner until July i, 1901, when he sold to A. T. 
Cowan, who changed the name to Tri-County Press and has con- 
tinued its publication. Mr. Clinton has files of the Advertiser 
and the Press. 

Free Democrat, i860: Edited by a Mr. Johnson through the cam- 

The Church. 1868-1870: Edited by Dr. J. C. .Ulahan. Devoted 
to the fighting of church organizations. It was published "as 
often as God furnished the means/' but it was not published veiy 

Advertiser, 1869-1870: An advertising sheet issued by J. \V. 

Poultry Argus. 1874-1877: Established by Drs. C. H. Kenegy 
and M. L. Wolff; Dr. Wolff retired in five months. In six 
raoQtlis Dr. Kencg)- sold out to D. D. L. Miller and J. VV. Clin- 
ton, who continued publication under the tirm name of Milter 
and Clinton until 1876. when J. W. Clinton became publisher, 
D. L. Miller still acting aA editor. It was first printed in Free- 
port, but later in the office of the Ogte County Press, until 1877, 
when it was sold and removed from the state. 

Christian Radical, 1875-1882: ."V semi-monthly publication of 
the United Brethren in Christ; organ of ihc Rock River Con- 
ference. Continued six and one-half years. Rev. Parker Hur- 
less was editor. U 

Advertiser, 1877: Mentioned ia Rowell for 1879 with George W. 
McAtee as editor and publisher. 


LiviNcsTON County News, r8ss-i857(?): Edited by J. S. France; 
Mr. France passed its publication to Philip Cook and M. A. 
Renoe; Cook soon sold to Mr. Jones; Kenoe and Jones soon 
sold to Mr. Albcc and shortly its publication ceased. Early 
copies are in the possession of Jacob Streamer, Pontiac. It 
was Republican in politics. F 



Sentinel, 1857 lo date: Edited by Cook and Gagan, 1857-1J 
They sold it to M. E. Collins, he to Stout and Decker, th^ 
to W. F. Denslow, be lo James Stout. It was destroyed by fire 
in 1866. In 1869 Mr. Stout sold to Jones and Rcnoe, who 
were publishing the Free Press. They consolidated the papers 
under the name of Seniinel and Press. H. C. Jones was pro- 
prietor, 1873-1875, and he changed the name back lo Sentinet. 
F. L. .Mies edited it, 1875-1884; Lowry and Clark, 1884-1895; 
H. J. Clark, 1895-1897. C. C. Strawn was editor in 1907. 
Republican. UEP 

Fbee Press, 1867 (?): A Republican paper edited in 1869 by 

H. C. Jones and A. W. Kellogg, and published by Jones and 
Renoe. Not menlioned in 1879. 

Livingston County Democrat. i868-i87i(?); A Democratic 
paper edited in 1869 by Wittan and Organ; by T. H. Organ, 

Free Trader, 1870-1907; A Greenback paper edited by E. M. 
Johnson and published by Johnson and staff in 1879. At some 
D'me between i88z and 1884 it became Free Trader and Observer. 
In 1907 it was edited and published by Johnson and Renoe. In 
the same year it was sold to C. K. Bruer and discontinued. 

Ford's Livwgston County Democrat, 1878 (?): Edited 

and published in 1879 by J. G. Ford. It seems to have disap- 
peared before 18S1. 

Herald, 1870: A short-lived Republican paper issued by J. H. 


Times, i86i(?): Listed, without details, in Kenney's Amerkan 
Newspaper Directory for 1861. 

Weekly, 1877: Published by H. L. Barter. Independent. 

PRAIRIE CITY. Mcdonough county 

Chronicle, 1857-1858: Edited and published by R. W. Seaton. F 
Prairie Chief, 1858-few weeks: Edited ly R. W. Seaton, who 

published it in the interest of the Good Templars. 
Gazette, 1869 (?): Established by Cheesebro and Harsh- 

berger. Monthly. 

Herald, 1869 to date : Established by Charles W. Taylor and edited 
and published by him to 1881. This is practically the same 
Herald which is published in I'rairie City at present under that 
name. It was called the Bugle for two years, i88r to 1883, and 
then changed back to Herald. Files. 1869 to 1879, and 1883 to 
1908 are in rhc possession of L. M. Hamilton. 





Bureau Advocate. 1847-1851 -(-: Published by Ebenezer Higgins 
until 1848. The editorial page was divided into three depart- 
ments — two columns each — and was Whig, Democrat, and 
Liberty in the respective departments. The first department 
was called " Whig Advocate," and was edited by a " Whig Com- 
mittee"; the second was ''Democratic Advocate." and was 
edited by a "Democratic Committee," and the third was "Lib- 
ert>' Advocate," and was edited by a "Liberty Committee." In 
1847 the Advocate quoted an editorial from the New York Post 
"furiously lashing" protection and banks. John H. Br>*ant 
was a brother of William Cullen Bryant of the Posi. In August, 
1848, it became a Kree Soil organ. In the same year B. F. Ham- 
mond and T. W, Welsh bought out Mr. Htggins, and John H. 
Bryant became editor. It soon changed to the hands of Bryant 
and Dean. In 185 1 the name was changed to the F 

Post, +1851 —(?)-!-: Firm name was Coates, Kinney, and 

B. Clark Lundy. Editors: Hooper Warren for a short time 
in 1851; Justin H. Olds, 1851-1854; Charles Faxon, 1854-1858. 
Republican. For a time, after 1854, the name was changed to F 

PRINCETONIAN, -) (?)-i858-(-: It was renamed in 1858 

Bureau County Repctblican, -f- 1858 to date: Published by Rhue 
and Hewitt and later by Bryant and Hcwiu to 1861, during 
which time it was edited by John H. Bryant. Mr. Bryant had 
sole charge, 1 86 r-i 863 ; John W. Bailey, 1 863-1 87 a ; Mr. 
Bailey and L. J. Coiton, 1872-1874; Mr. Bailey and Charles 
P. Bascom, 1S74 to 1886: J. W. Bailey and son, H. U. Bailey, 
1886-1903; H. U Bailey, 1903 to date. Brj-ant was a brother 
of William Cullen Bryant of the New York Everting Poft, and 
sliared his distinguished brother's views against slavery and a 
protective tarifF. There is a complete file of the Reftublkan 
with the present publishers. F 

Bureau Coukty Herald, 1848: Established by Philip Payne as a 

Democratic organ. Short-lived. 
Yeoman of tiie Prairie Land, i85i-(i*): Conducted by Dr. S. 

Allen Paddock. 

Bureau County Democrat, 1856-1863+ : Edited by C. N. Pine, 
1856-1858; Eckles and Kyles, with Eckles as editor, 1858; 
Eckles and Ciibbons, 1858; W. H. Messenkop (with a short in- 
termission in which C. J. Peckbaro controlled it), 1858-1863. 
Changed to 

Bureau Coitvtv Patriot, -1-1863-1871+; A Democratic paper 
run by C. L. and J. Smith. Changed to 



BiTRF.Au County Herald, +1871-1876: Run by C. N. Whitney. 
Sold at sheriff's sale, 1876. 

Bureau Couni-y Tribi -ve, 1872 10 date: Established by W. H. 
Messenkop, who published it in support of Horace Greeley, until 
December, whew he sold it to Smith and Winship. In Jtdy. 
1873, Mr. Winship sold to E. K. Mercer, and Smith and Mercer 
published the paper until October, 1875, when Smith sold his 
interest to E. F. Doran; he sold in 1876 to C. L. Smith. Mercer 
and Smith edited and published the TribuHt until 1881. when 
Smith retired. The paper is still conducted by E K. Mercer. 
Round files to 1881 in Bureau county Court House; since 1881 
in the office. 

Repertory, 1874-1876: W. G. Reeve was editor and publisher. 


CrruEN, 1868: Established by G. T. tifllman, and continued six 
months. According to RoweJl for 1869, J. W. Wolfe and H. 
Casson, Jr., were editors and publishers in 1869, when the paper 
was printed at the office of the Chillicothe CUisen. 

Times, July-December. 1874: Established by C. A. Pratt and con- 
tinued four months. 

Independent, March 10. 1S77 10 date: Of this paper and its suc- 
cessor, Telephone., the editorial genealogy is: J. E, Knapp, 
March-September, 1877; I. E. Corbett, then Corbett and H. 
E. Charles, October, 1877-1878; Corbett and P. C. Hull, October 
1878-1879; J. E. Charles, publisher. P. C. Hull editor, October, 

1879 C ?); J. S. Bamum, B. J. Bcardslcy, Beard.sley Brothers, 

AdcHson A. Dart. Harrj- U. Fast, and K. C. Andrews, Addison 
A. Dart. 


Spike, 1871 (?)=A. D. Hill wa.s editor and publisher, 1871-1873; 

A. D. Hill editor. Hill and Wilson publishers, 1874; A. D. Hill, 
1875-1877; C. G Glenn, 1880-1882; A. D. Hill, 1884; Mrs. 
S. M. Green, editor, H. P. and S. M. Green publishers. 1891; 
A. B. Case editor. Case and Ellison publishers, 1895. Repub- 
lican, then neutral, then Republican. 


Illinois Bol'NTY Land Register, April 17, 1835-1839+ : Estab- 
lished by C. M. Woods and Company. Afterward edited by 
Richard M. Young. Changed to AH 

Argus, +1839-1841-1^ : Edited by John H. Pettit. Changed to A 




Herald, +i&4r to date: In 1851 P, Cleveland and Company 
were proprietors. Brooks and Cadogan were publishers in 
1863; J. W Singleton and Austin Brooks in 1863. Austin 
Brooks was editor la i86q. and J. P. Cadogan, publisher. Cad- 
ogan and Gardner were publishers, 1875-1880. Daily and tri- 
weekly editions since 1349. Democratic in politics. Volume 
4 was called Herald: Adams, Broutt and Schuyler County 
Advertiser. As late as 1850 the name was Herald and Argus. 


WhiCj May 5, 1838 to date: It was established with N. Rushnell 
and A. Johnston as editors and H. V. Sullivan as publisher. 
From August iX. 1S38, to 1852, S. M. Bartlett was editor with 
Mr. Sullivan still publisher. It was edited by John F. Morton, 

1852 , and conducted under the firm name of Morton and 

Sullivan, 1853-1854; Morton and Young. 1854-1855; Morton, 
Ralston, and Company, 1S55-X857. In 1858 the Quincy Repub- 
lican was merged in the Whig, and the title became, and remained 
for several years, Whig Republican; the paper was then run by 
Mr. Morton and K. A. Dallam, the former proprietor of the 
Republican. In the fall of 1859 Mr. Morton became sole pro- 
prietor, and in the spring of 1S60 he sold to James J. Langdon, 
who was connected with it until r86a, when it passed into the 
hands of Bailhachc and Phillips with Paul Sclby as editor, 1868- 
1869: John Tillson, 1869-1871. In 1871 Mr. Selby became 
editor again. Several changes occurred after this as to pro- 
prietors and editors until 1878, when C. A. and D. F. Wilcox 
became owners and publishers. In 1879 the tirm name was 
Daniel Wilcox and Sons. From October 23, 1845, to April 16. 
1846, the paper was issued iri-wceldy. The first number of the 
daily appeared March 22, 1852, since which date there have been 
a daily and a weekly bsue. It was a Whig organ until 1 856, when 
it took an active part in forming, and became a representative 
of the Republican organization. There is a complete file in the 
W'Aif office. APDSEF 

Old Statesman, July 4-November, 1840: A Harrison campaign 
paper. A 

Beobacbtes, i84s(?) : Moved to Quin<^ from Belleville 

by Bartholomew Hauck. It was succeeded by 

Stern des Westens, April 10, 1846-December, 1848: Conducted 
by Bartholomew Hatjck, who returned to Belleville in 1848 to 
establish the Zeitung, 

Daily Morning CouRiEa, September la, 1845 i^)'- "'*i ^° 

way connected with politics." R. B. Wallace andj George F. 
Wiehr were editors and proprietor?. H 


TitiBUNK AND Free Soil Banner, September 13, 1848 (?): 

A campaign paper advocating "free soil, free speech, free labor, 
and free men"; disclaiming affiliation with Whigs, Democrats, 
or Aboliiionists, and supporting Van Buren and Charles Francis 
Adams. It was edited by an association consisting of Samuel 
Willard, Thomas Pope, Timothy Rogers, Allen Comslock, I.udus 
Kingman, and Charles B. Lawrence, .^nd issued from the office 
of C. M. Woods. 

WocHENBLATT, January, i8so-:8s3 + : Owned and edited by 
George Linz. German. Democratic. Changed to 

Ilunois Courier, +1853-1861: Conducted by George Linz until 
he entered the army at the beginning of the war. German, 
with Whig symydthies. 

Daily Jouhnai., i85i(?) (?): A Democratic paper that was 

being published in 1851 by P. Cleveland and Company of the 

Tribdne, 1852-1874+: Gustav Adolph RiSsIcr was editor, 185a- 
1855; Edward C. Winter and William H. Pieper, 1855-1857. 
Pieper withdrew in 1857, and in 1858 Ernst Schierenberg 
acquired an interest and became editor. For a year after 
ROsler's death in i85<;, the paper was known as the Quincy 
Journal, but was again changed back to Tribune In 1861 Karl 
Rottcck bought the paper and. continuing the weekly as Tribune, 
changed the daily to Union In 1865 Rolteck sold to Karl 
Petri, who in turn sold. December, 1S66, toT. M. Rogers. In 
1869. under Mr. Rogers as publisher, Tribune was a dajly, issu- 
ing a weekly edition under the name of Rural Wen and Weekly 
Journal. In 1870. Louis Korth was editor. Rogers snld in 
the spring of 1874 to C. H. Henrici. In November, 1874. the 
Tribttne was consolidated with WesUiche Presse to form Ger- 
mania. German daily and weekly published by a stock com- 
pany which was organized in 1853, to publish a Whig jiaper. 
It became Republican in 1856. F 

Journal 1855 (?): For one or two years, under Edward C. 

Winter and William H. Pieper the Tribune was published under 
this name. 

Union, 1861-1865 '• The daily edition of the Tribune was published 
under this name while- Karl Rottcck was proprietor. 

Rural West and Weekly Journal, i869(?): A weekly ediLioa 
of the Tribune, which was daily in 1869. 

Republican January, 1S57-1858: Pubh'shed by F. A. Dallam. 
Daily. Joined to the Illinois Courier (see alwve). 



Daily Deuocbat, September. 1858 (?): Edited by W. H. Car- 

lin; published by Geigcr, Gardner and White. Democratic 
in politics. 

Daily SKiRMn;HKB, October, 1864: A daily published for a short 
time in the interest of the western Illinois Sanitary Fair. H 

Deuokrat, :865(?)+(?): Established by George Linz upon his 
relura from the war, and Robert Voetb. Later they changed 
the name to 

VoLKSBLATT, 4-i866(?) (?): Which was suspended after a 

year or two. 

Erz-Druide, 1866-1880+: Official organ of the United Ancient 
Order of Druids. Karl Petri was editor. He sold in 1880 to 
Henrj' Freudenthal, of Albany. New York. Monthly. L 

Church Reporter. 1867 to date (1869): In 1869 E. P. Balshe 

was editor and proprietor. Monthly. 

Evening JorRNAi,, 1867-1870: T. M. Rogers, proprietor and 
manager. He and A. H. Lacy were editors in 1S70. Inde- 
pendent in politics. Continued about four years. 

Western Agriculturist, 1868-1889+; Established at Quincy. 
Edited and published by T. Butterworth until i88g, when an 
incorporated company, Western Agriculturist Company, became 
publisher!). Changed to Western Agriculturist and Live Stock 
Journal, September, i88g. Later it was dated from Quincy 
and Chicago, and it is still published from both plates. T. 
Butterworth is still editor. January, 1901. title changed to Live 
Stock Journal, with main office in Chicago. Monthly; later, 
weekly. CUH 

Evening Cail, 1870-1875: Thomas J. Heirs, John Russell, an 
S. D. Rich, were editors at various times. 

Good Templar's Message, 1871-1874-I- : J. K. Van Doom, was 
editor, Good Templar Printing Company, publishers. A tem- 
perance paper issued at irregular intervals. Moved to Bloom- 

CoioiEBciAL Review, 1872 to date (1882): Established by Addison 
L. Langdon, who was still editor and publisher in 1882. Busi- 
ness and social. Indcpcnd<.nt in politics. U 

Gospel Echo and Christian, 1872-1873: A religious paper. 
J. H. Garrison was managing editor and publisher. After two 
years removed to St. Louis. 

Westliche Presse, August ii-November 7, 1874+ : German, 
Published by a stock company with Karl Petri as business man- 
ager. United with the Tribune, November, 1874, to form the 



Tacblatt OER Germania, +November9 1874 to date: Coosoli* 
datlon of WestOche Presse and Tribune. Published by Ger- 
mania Publishing Company. Edited by George C. Hoffman, 
1 874- January, 1888; by Ht'nry Bornman, January, 1888, to 
date. Denied HavinK party affiliation, but supported Cleveland 
in 1884. German. (laUy and weekly. 

DxuiDic Record, 1876: Edited and pubHshed by Ibe Druids 
Publishing Company. Monthly. 

News, 1877 to date (1884): News Company, editors and pub- 
lishers. JohnL. Frost was editor and publisher In 1884- Daily. 
Independent. H 

Enterprise, 1878 to date: Established by H. H. Reckmcyer. who 
is the present editor and proprietor. Complete Glca are at the 
Public Library since its cstablishmeal in Quincy. P 

Post, 1879 to date (1882): W. A. Post wa.s editor and publisher. 

MoiJERN Argo, March. 1879 (?): Moved to Quincy in 1879 

from Columbus. Ohio; published by A. H. Dooley; George N. 
Loomis, 1882; Atcn and Musselmao. 1884. Not political. 

Times. ( ?) : Established ay Austin Brooks after he left the Herald. 

After a year or two removed to Hannibal and soon discontinued. 
Ledger, (?) (?): Published by D. G. Williams as an 

advertising medium. 
Morning News. (?) {7\: Co-operative publication by 

Griffin Frost, Henry Wilson, John Shield, and James H. Wallin. 

Continued one month. 


Times, 1875-1882: The Minonk Bladt was printing in 1881 an 
edition for Ransom under this name. Republican. 


News, j874~June, 1878+ : Established and edited by Gray 
Brothers. After four months it was sold to Messrs. Bullock, 
Cross and Gtfford Issued in interests of the Havana, Rantoul 
and Eastern Railroad. In five months Messrs. Bullock and purchased GifTord'sshare. and in 1875 Bullock l^ecame sole 
proprietor. Republican. In June. 1878. it was consolidated 
with the 

Journal, 1875-1878+ : H. W. Gulick was proprietor, F. E. Pinker- 
Ion, editor. Represented ^news of those opposed to Havana, 
Rantoul and Eastern Railroad. In 1878 consolidated with the 
News to form the 



Rantoulian, +1878-1880+: H. E. Bullock and F. E. Pinkerton, 
editors and proprietors. In 18S0 Pinkerton secured Bullock's 
interest and changed the name of the paper to 

Press. + 1880 to dale: Id 1893 O. L. Downey, who had bouRhi half 
of Pinkerton 's interest, leased the other half and continued pult- 
lishiog the paper under his name for one year, when Pinkerton 
again took control. In 1895 he sold to K. and R. Cross and C. 
B. E. Pinkerton. Id 1900 Messrs. J. C. Weir and Fred Collison 
purchased the paper, ajid in the fall of 1901 J. L. Hardesty of 
BlouminKton purchased a one-third inlercsl and tjccamc manager. 
In January 1906, R. L. Conn purchased Hardcsly's interest and 
remained as editor and manager until Januar}', 1907, when he 
sold to A. O. McDowell. The present publishers are Weir and 
McDowell. Republican. Files destroyed by fire in 1901 


Bulletin, 1876-18S4: Established by Burner and Butler and was 
published by them until 1881, when it was sold to Bonbam and 
McCorroick. The latter sold his interest to F. M. Bonham in 
1883. The plant was removed in August, 1884. Democratic. 

News, (?); Published irregularly for about two years by J. S. 

Nevins. Republican. 

Mecnophone, 1879: Published by W. L. Henderson for about 
three months. Republican. 


Reporter, 1877 : Established by T. M. Smedley as a semimonthly. 
Continued about six months. "Devoted to poetry, light liter- 
ature, general and home news." 


Egyptun, 1868; Established by John and William Brickey, in 

charge of Peter W. Baker. Short-lived. 
, 1868; A German paper, established by John and 

William Brickey, aad in charge of Anton Uelmich. Short-lived. 
Courier, 1872: Established by Albert L. Krepps; died after three 


CuuRiBR, 1876: Edited by Dejoumette and Brewer. Democratic. 
Suspended after rixteen numbers. 

Courier, 1877 to date: Edited amJ published by Everett H. EUiff. 
Democratic. In 1879 the office was leased to H. C. Hinckley 
for one year. In five months Mr. ElUff purchased the lease from 
Mr. Hinckley and moved the office to Columbia, Monroe county. 
The same day Mr. Hinckley bought the Review office and con- 


tinued to publish the Courier until 18S3. He then sold to Miss 
T. A. McDonough and her brother, T. J. McDonough, became 
editor. McDonough sold lo John H. Lindsey, who leased to 
Sprigg and Lindsey. They turned the office over to William 
Armour in 1S85, and he lo Charles D. Wassell, who changed the 
name to Torpedo. After total destruction by cyclone, several 
changes in ownership, and a change of name to Democrat, and 
back to Courier, E. G. MaOack sold in 1899 to Guy Seeley. 
Seeley died in March, 1909, and the office was sold to Young 
and Parrot!. 

Review, 1879: Established by William H. Toy. .After a few 
months be closed the office and soon afterward sold (o Mr. 
Hinckley as stated above. 


Index, 1879-to date (i88a): Established by G. L. Watson. After 
two years sold to M. R. Bain, who changed its name to the 
Paniagraph. In 1881 it was bought by S. W. Zeller, then by his 
son, J. R. ZcUer, who renamed it the Visitor. Later sold lo 
ChaHcs May, who was conducting it in 18S3 


Gazette, iS^b to date: Started by B. B. Begun. In a few months 
George S. Utter became editor. July, 1876, Mr. Begun died. 
In 1879, S. F. Bennett and G. S. Utter were editors, G. S. Utter, 
publisher. The same year Mr. John E. Ncthercut, of Rockford, 
purchased ihe paper. Holmes and Wright were editors and 
publishers in 1891-1895. Republican. 


Phoenix, 1856-1858: Edited by M. L. McCord, who in 1858 re- 
moved his establishment to Centraliaand publi.shed Rural Press. 
Motnjv's Democrat, 1871-1872 : Established by J. 1>. Moudy, and 
published by him until his death in 1873. Democratic. 


Gazette, May, i87i-(?): Conducted by Enos and Company. A 
suburban paper, published on the Erst Saturday of each month. 


Gazette, 1874 (?): Riverton Printing and Publishing Com- 
pany were editors and publishers; J. W. Hunt was business 
News, 1877: John J. Smith was editor and publisher. Indepen- 




News, 1S75 to date (jSSi) : In 1879 M. L. Mock was editor and 
publisher. Issued from the office of the Micook Blade. 


Advocate, 1874-1875: Edited and published by Thomas J. Hors- 


Gazette, 1857-1858: Established and edited by George W.Harper. 
Favored the Douglas wing of the Democialic party and was the 
first political paper issued in the county. Disconlinued after six 
months. File lost by fire. 

Crawford County Bulletin, July, 1860-1862: Established as a 
Democratic paper, edited by Horace P. Mumford. When the 
war broke out the paper strongly advocated the prosecution of 
the war for the prcservalion of the Union. Mumford went to 
war, leaving the paper in charge of his brother, W. D. Mumford, 
and N. T. .Adams. The pajK-T was discontinued in 1862. It 
was revived later for about six months by Charles Whaley. 

Monitor. 1S62: Published for about six months by E. Logan. 

Constitution, October, 1863 to date (1903): John Talbot bought 
the Bulletin equipment and conducted the Constitution as a 
Democratic paper. He was editor, except for a short time, till 
1873, when his sons, Richard and Percy Talbot, assumed charge; 
Richard Talbot and Price,i8So-i885; J. H. Fulton. 1885-1887; 
Fulton and Hiscr, 1887-1892; Price and Cole, 1892-1895; J. S. 

Abbott, 1895-1903; F. W. Lewis. 1903 (?). Democratic. 


A&GUS, December, 1863 to date: Established by George W. 
Harper, who has been in control ever since, except for a brief 
interruption. Republican. 

Crawford Democrat. May (?), 1879; Ira Lutes conducted 

the De*Mcrat for about six months (one year?), when he moved 
the equipment to Kansas. 


Register, 1863 to dale: From 1863 until about 1889 Elbridge L. 
Otis was editor and publisher; H. C. Paddock till 1891 ; G. W. 
Dicus, 1891-May, 1907; E. I. Neff, May, 1907 to date. Re- 
publican. U 

Independent, 1872: Edward E. Richie wai, editor and publisher. 


NAZmuL GwfTTOntgE, 1S78 Id drtr (1^9^: NataBa >if fci 

TczxFBOvz, 1S79 to datr (18S1): Job M. Kvg ««s editor mmd 
pofatisher. Gxccafaadc DianotiBaed after a ^hoct txacL 


pROcress, 1870-1877 : Estabfislwd by Messrs. W. B. CadwcB and 
W. H. Totde. Rcpabttcu. U 

Whiteside Tdos, 1876-1878: Mowed from Mocrisaa b?- A. J. 
Booth and Cooipuj* rreTio ual y the Morrisoa Timts (wtnA 



Rocx RiVEa Express, May, 1840-1841: The tint newspaper 
pobluhed m the coao^. Edited bj B. J. Grav. Its por^ 
pose waa to pnnnole the dcctioo of WQEam Henry Harrisoo to 
the presidcscjr. Its ambitioa satxsBed, the paper ms discon- 
txnucd after an existence td ooe year, and the office moved away. 


Star, Autumn of 1840-1841: A Deanoccatk paper established by 
FhiJandcr Knappen. The office was de str o y ed by a nwb be- 
cause the editor denouneed the lyncbmg of the DriscoUs in O^e 
county. P 

Pilot, July, 1841-Octoher, 184s: Edited by John A. Brown. 
Democratic. Died from the want of support. 

Better Covenant:, January 6, 1842-1843+ : Pubtished by Rev. 
Seth Barnes and WHliam RounseviUe. Printed at the office of 
the Pilot. Moved to St, Charles, then to Chicago, where it was 
first puhlLihed hy Charle.*; Siedman and edited by Mr. Barnes. 
Now the Universaiisl, Chirago. 

Winnebago Forcm, February, 1843-February, 1844 + : Established 
by J. Ambrose Wight, who sold in August, 1843. to Austin Col- 
lon. At the beginning of the second volume Mr. Colton changed 
the paper to 

Forum, +February, ia44-Decembcr, 1854+ : Mr. Cdton sold in 
Dcccnafjcr, 1854, to E. W. Blaiadell. Jr. The paper was 
changed to APH 

Republican, +January, 1855-1862+ : Edited by E. W. Blaisdell, 
Jr.. 1855; Elija O. W. and Richard P. Blaisdell, 1855-1863. 
In 1862 it was merged into the PF 

Register, February, i85s-Januar>', 1891 + ; Established by Eltas 
C. Duughcrly as an opponent to the spread of slavery. June, 
July and .August, zSsp, there was a daily issue. June, 1865, the 




Register absorbed the Hwk River Democrat (which see). Mr. 
Daughcrty retired and the paper passed into the hands of the 
Rotkford Register Company, with Isaiah S. Hyatt and E. H. 
Griggs as principal and associate editors. Mr. Hyatt was fol- 
lowed, June. iS66, by E. C. Daughcrty. editor to February. 1S67. 
Abraham E. and William E. Smith became associated with Mr. 
Griggs in managing the Register. Upon their retirement. June, 
1867, Mr. Griggs became editor and manager. He was still 
editor in 1869. in October, iSyi, S. M. Oaugherty, widow of 
the founder of the paper, became the owner and P. S. Martin. 
bu.< manager. January, 1863, George E. Wright and Com- 
pany began the Daily Register. He was followed by Charles J. 
Woodbur)" and Company. Februarj-, 1874, the daily was dis- 
LOutinueti In January, 1896, Mr. Wright was editor-in-chief. 
July. 1877, N. U. Wright and C. L. Miller were managing the 
[>aper. Octoljcr. 1877. Messrs. Wright and Miller revived the 
Daily Register. In x88i E. M. Botsford purchased an interest. 
W. P. Lamb subsequently became a partner. The brm of Mil- 
ler, Motsford and Company continued in the management to 
January. 1891, when Edgar E. Bartleit, W. L. Eaton, and Eu- 
gene McSweency purchased the Daily Register and Daily Ga- 
«*«tf and consolidated them as t\it Register-Gazette. January. 1891 
to date (1904). Bartlett, Eaton and McSweeney, 1891-1898; 
Bartlett and Eaton, 1S98-1901 ; Bartlett, 1901 ; Bartlett and 
A. S. Leckie, autumn of 1901. Mr. Leckie was editor. Bartlett 
and Fred E. Sterling, 1903 to date. APEF 

Free Press, September. 1848-1850: A free-soil Democratic paper, 
edited by Hcnr^- W. DePuy. P 

Rock River Democrat. June, iS5?-i865: Editors: Benjamin 
Holt; Mr. Holt and Da\id T. Dickson; Mr. Dickson and Rhen- 
odyne A, Bird from 1855 to May, 1864. Isaiah .S. Hyatt then 
purchased the paper and published it to June, 1865, when the 
plant was sold tn the Register Company. (See Register.) F 

SfiRiT Advocate, April, 1854-March, 1S56: Issued monthly. 
Advocated the doctrines of the Spiritualists. .Managed by Dr. 
George Haskell. Consolidated with the Orient with head- 
quarters at Waukegan. P 

CuDCKL, January*. 1857 (?) It bore this legend on its title- 
page: "Published somewhere, circulated everywhere, edited 
nowhere." Published semi-monthly for seven numbers. 

Weslevan Skuixary Reporter, October. iSt;7-Januar)-. 1858: 
Published by Rev. W. F. Stewart in the interest of the proposed 
Wcsleyan Seminary. Monthly. Only four numbers. 



Democratic Standaro, October, 1858-1S60; Established by 
Springsteen and Parks, in sapport of Douglas Democracy. After 
one month, Hcnn- Parks puldished the paper alone to February 
1859, when David G. Croly became proprietor. In May, 1859, 
Croly and Jo!in H. Grove, aa D G. Croly and Company, became 
proprietors and publishcri. After April, i860, upon Mr. Croly's 
retiring, John H. Grove and James S. Ticknor published the 
paj>er for a few months, then sold to James E. and Joseph H. 
Fox {Fox, Rowe and C'ompany?), who established the DaUy 
News. (See second paper of this name t>eIow-) 

Daily News, February, jSsQ-April, i86o; Founded by D. G. Cidy 
and Company. NIrs. Croly was "Jenny June" and one of the 

editors. The paper was neutral. Suspended for want of pat- 

Daily News, December r86o-i86i 
Joseph Fox (Fox, Rowe and 
Standard,) Republican. After 
started the 

; Established by James E. and 
Company). (See Democraiic 
a few weeks the publi.<{her3 

Weekly News, i86t: Messrs. Fox discontinued this paper Sep- 
tcmhwr. rS6i, and sold to E. C. Daugherty. 

Rock River Mirror, September, 1859 to after 1861: Established 
by Allen Gibson. Later proprietors were Allen Gibson and E. 
D. Marsh. Weekly until 1&61, when it began to appear only as 
a monthly. Devoted to insurance matters. NeulraJ in poUlics. 
Printed at the office of the Register. 

Western Mirror, 1861 to dale (1869): In 1869, /Ulen Gibson 
was editor and publisher. Neutral. Probably a continuation 
of the Rock River Mirror. 

Crescent Age, 1859: Dr. George Haskell and H. P. Kimball were 
editors. Spiritualistic. Short-lived. 

Sandebudet, July, 1862-November, 1864 -I- : A Swedish Methodist 
paper established by Victor Wittig; after a year and a half he 
was succeeded as editor by Albert Ericson, who continued until 
November, 1864, when the paper was removed to Chicago. 

People's Press, July, 1865-September, 1866: Established by W. 
P. Furey. From May to Septeralier, 1866, a .stock company 
continued the publication which was then suspended for want 
of patronage. 

Gazette, Novejiber, 1866-Januan', 1891 -f ; Founded by I. S. Hyatt 
as an advertising sheet. April. 1867, Benjamin FolU, became 
editor. August. 1S67, Abraham E. and William E. Smith be- 
came proprietors. They were still so in 1879. In 1878 a semi- 
weekly edition, and August, 1879, a daily edition were started. 



In 1882 Mr. Smith admitted Colonel F. A. Eastman as a partner, 
la 1S83 Colonel Eastman retired and Mr. Smith continued as 
sole proprietor to January, 1891, when the paper was merged into 
the Register -Gazette. 

Winnebago Chief, November, 1866-July, 1867 : Edited and owned 
by J. P. Irvine. In July. 1867, Hiram E. Enoch was admitted 
as a partner aad the paper changed to 

WiNNEUAOO CouNTV Chief, JuIy, 1867-1868+: In 1868. Irvine 
and Enoch were editors and publishers. Republican. Changed 

Journal, + i868-March, i88S: Mr. Irvine retired, and Mr. Enoch 
was sole proprietor to December, 1882; Foote and Kimball, 
December, 1882-March, 1883 ; D. Miller and Company, March, 
i88j-Marcb, 1886. Hon. J. Stanley Browne, was owner, 
August, i8S7-March. 188S. Independent- Democratic. Sold to 
Rockford Morning Star. 

Words ?or Jesus. October, 1867 to date (1869): Thomas J. and 
Hugli Lamont were editors and publishers. Religious monthly. 

Golden Censeh, May, 1868-April, 1S98: Founded by John Lem- 
ley. November, 1877, the paper passed into the hands of a stock 
company. Under this management the circulation is said to 
have reached 18,000. the largest ever attained to by a Rockford 
paper. By .August, 1896, the circulation was reduced to barely 
a, 000 and the paper was indefinitely suspended. Calvert 
Brothers revived the Censer March, 1897, ^^h Charles A. 
Church as editor. April to June, i8g8, C. A. Church was sole 
proprietor. Sold to Ram*s Horn, Chicago, June, 1S98. Serai- 
raonthJy in the beginning, later weekly. EtJ 

Daily Journal, August, 1870: Started by Lumlcy and Carpenter. 
Lived two days. 

Andbus' Illustrated Monthly, January. i87a-September, 1873: 
Established by D. A. K. and \V. D. E. Andrus. 

Nya Sverige, March, 187a (i^; F>5tablished by A. W. 

SchaJin. Swedish. Short-lived. 

Methodist Free Press, September. i87a-January, 1875: Estab- 
lished by John Lemley. 

Rockford Sewinary Magazine, January, 1873-1891 + : Caroline A. 
Potterwas the tirst editor; later, the senior class edited the maga- 
zine. When thescminarj' was raised to the rank of college, 1S91, 
the paper became the Rockford Collegian. Publication discon- 
tinued in 1895. 

Curiosity Hunter, September, i873-July, 1S74: Issued by D. 
A. K. Andrus until July, 1874. In 1876 it was revived at 



Belvidere and continued at least until November, 2877. 
Monthly. Filr, Septt-mber, October, December, i872-JuJy, 
1874; October, iKyfr-M.irch, 1877; April-September. Novem- 
ber, 1877, in Western Reserw Hist. Soc., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Stamp News, 1873: One number Issued by D. A. K. Andrus, 

Nowadays, January, 1874 : One number, issued by E. C. Chandler 

Industrial Times, February, 1874+ : W. F. Barrows, editor. The 
name was changed in a few months to P 

HoKNET. 4- 1874+ : The second volume began under the name of P 

Times, +i875-February, 1876: John R.Coursenand Fred Da)1ion. 
proprietors. In August, 1875, Mr, Coursen sold to Louis A. 
Manlove. P 

Daily News, January, 1878-Oclober, 1880: Issued by D. A. K. 
Andrus, George W. Sherer, and F. Q. Bennett. In June. 1878, 
the Daily News published a sensational account of a commimist 
attick upon the government. When it was learned that the 
stor)' had no foundation in fact. Mayor Watson ordered the office 
closed by the city marshal. After many changes the paper was 
suspended in October. 1880. 

Western Banned, 1878 to date (1879) : A temperance organ edited 
and published by F. Wilson, H. S. Wilbur, and J.S. Hampton. 
Printed in the office of the Journal. 

Sunday Herald. May-December, 1879: Established by E. C. 

Christian Gleaner, (?)-i89i(?): Published at the Cwmw 

office for some years. It was made up of selections from the 

Censer, with little original matter. .Absorbed by the Cemer 

about 1891. Monthly. 

Leaves from Forest Hill. — ^{?) (?)t Publisbcd for some 

lime during the school year by the young ladies of the Rockford 
Female Seminary. 

Farmers* Monthly, (?) (?): Started by A. E. Smith, 

and sold to Messrs. Hartlett, Eaton and McSweeney, who pub- 
lished it for several years. 


Banner and Stephenson Gazette, August, 1839-Oclobcr, 1840: 
Edited by H. McGrere. This was the first paper published in 
Rock Island county. PE 

Upper Mississippian,' October, i84a-December, 1846; Edited 
by Daniel Crist, 1840-1844; H. G. Reynolds, 1844-1846. PLE 

■ See StcphencQii. 



Northwestern Advertiser, November, 1845-1847+: A Whig 
papirr edited aad published by Dr. Horatio P. Goichell and Miles 
W. Conway. In May, 1846, William Vandener bought the paper. 
In about a year he sold to Sanders and Davis. They sold after 
a few months to Francis R Bennett, who changed the name to P 

Ai>vertiser, +1847-1X5S: Edited by F. R. Bennett alone until 
1 85 1, when A. J. Brackett became publisher and associate 
editor. Thomas R. Raymond bought the paper in the fall of 1853. 
Raymond retired Seplembcr 13, 1854, and Wharton was editor 
and publisher until the spring of 1858, when the paper was dis- 
continued. A Iri-weekly was begun on December 3, 1853, 
and a daily on Sepiember 13, 1855. PF 

Liberty Banner, May, i846-( ?) : An Abolition paper for which a 
prospectus was issued in Western Ciiiun for April 29, 1846. It 
was to be edited by C. B. Waite. 

Republican, October, 1 851 -December, 1855: Edited by F. C. 
Nichols, 1851-1852; J. B. Danfortb, 1852-1855. PE 

Argus, 1851 10 date: Established by J. B. Danforth. Danfortb 
and Shurly were publishers in J857. In 1869, J. B. Danforth, 
Jr., was editor, and Danfonh and Jones were publishers. In 
1879 the Argus Printing Company were editors and publishers. 
In 1907 J. W. Potter and Company were editors and publish- 
ers. Democratic in politics. A da^y was begun in 1S54. 


Rock Islaxder. September 19, i8s4-September i6, 1857 + : A 
Democratic paper established by E. J. Pershing. H. C. Con- 
nelly became joint editor and publisher on February 18, 1855. 
The paper was united with the Argus on September 6, 1857 and 
for a time the publication was called Islander atid Argux. PF 

AUGUSTANA, 1856 to date: Swedish, Lutheran. Established at 
Galesburg, Illinois, by Rev. T. N. Hasselquist, who was editor 
until 1889. In 1890 Rev. E. Norelius was editor; Rev. S. P. A. 
Lindahl and A. Rodcll, 1891 101898; S. P. A. Lindahl and J. C. 
Bengston, 1900 to 1907. It was published by the Swedish 
Lutheran Publishing Company of Galesburg in 1856; Swedish 
Lutheran Press Association, Chicago, 1858 to 1873; Augustana 
Book Concern, Rock Island, 1909. The present editors are 
Rev. L. G. Abnihamijon, D.D., and Rev. M. J. England, D.D. 
Complete file with Augustana Book Concern and in the histor- 
ical collection at Augustana College. 

Beobachteb am Mississippi, 1857: Established by Magnus 
Mueller; edited by a poel-physician, Francesco Ciolino (Cio- 
lina?). It was suspended after one year's existence. German. 


Daily Comice>cxal, July 5, i85&~Febniary 3, 1859: Edited and 
published by C. W. Rirkland. Republican. P 

Recbtei, 1S59-1862+: The editors were T, J. Pickett and C. 
\V. Kirkland ; M. S. Barnes and Mr. Kirkland ; Messrs. I^ckett 
and Barnes ; Mr. Pickett and Alexander I^mertine. Issued tri- 
weekly. It was joined with the Moline Independent in 1S63 to 
form the P 

Union. +i86a to date: In 1869 L. M. Havenstick was editor and 
publisher. In 1879 the Union Printing Company were editors 
and publuben and were siill so in 1907. The paper is Republi- 
can, aod has been both daily and weekly since its formation by 
the union of the Register and the Moline Independent. Files are 
in the office: daily July 5, 1S55 to date; weekly, November 
5, i86a-December 20, 1866. PU 

Die Chbostk des Westens, January, 1860-1863: Founded 
by Adam and George Liebcrkni-cht. A/lcr sc%*erai months 
Adam sold his interest to bb brother George. The latter 
for a short time had Mr. Adam Schaaf as partner. The pub- 
lication was suspended in the summer of 1863. German. 

NEUEVoiKS-ZEmrsc, August, 1875 to dale: Established as a semi- 
weekly by Carl Winter, who conducted it to March, i88j. George 
S. Lechner bought the paper, March, 18S3, and sold it in a 
few months to F. Protar, who published it to April, 1893. 
Rock Island-Moline Volks-Zeitung Publishing Company, Apifl, 
1893-July, 1897; John P. Kieflfer, July, i8g7-July, 1899: Gus- 
tav Donald, July, j899-July, 1901; Val. J. Peter, July, 1901- 
1907. The Volki'Zeiiung is dated also for Moline. Since April, 
1909, the Volki-Zeitung is published by the Volks-Zeitung Pub- 
lishing Company. P. A. Domaun is editor and manager. U 

Skol-Vajwen, 1878-1880 or 1883: Published and edited by C. A. 
Swensson and J. H. Randall, in the interest of Aug\istana Col- 
lege. It was issued at irregular intervals. File in the histori- 
cal coUecdon at Augustana College. 

Uncikjms-Vannen, 1879-1889: Published by the Augustana 
Tract Society, 1879, and by the .Augustana Book Concern in 
1884. In 1887 it was changed to a weekly and its name changed 
to Hem-Vdnnen. In 1889 the paper was consolidated with 
Augustana. Swedish Lutheran. Monthly. File in the historical 
collection at Augustana College and In library of Augustana 
Book Concern. 

Rock Islander, January 5, 1878-December 31, 1892: A Demo- 
cratic paper ecUted and published by J. B. Danforth. Only the 
name connects this paper with the earlier Rock Islander. 




Gazette, iSyo-iS-j^iT): Dr. G. W. Snyder was editor, and J. 
Stewart, publisher. Printed at the office of the Lanark CazetU. 


Pioneer of the Valley op the Mississippi, April 25, iSa^June, 
1836+ : Established by John Mason Peck and T. P. Green to 
promote the Baptist cause in Tllinois and Missouri and to benefit 
the Rock Spring Seminary. T. P. Orccn was publisher at the 
beginning, and J. M. Peck was editor. After about six months 
Green retired, and in June, 1830, Ashford Smith became pub- 
lisher. The title seems to have been changed in 1831 to Pioneer 
and Wesiem Baptist. The publication was removed to Alton 
in June, 1836, and called Weitem Ficneer and Baptist Standard 
Bearer, (Sec Alton.) AHME 

Western Watchman, 1836: A paper said to have been published 
at this place by John Mason Peck and later removed to St. Louis. 


G.wette, May 27, 1S57-1858 (1859?): Established by Funk and 
Phelps. Mr. Funk retired and the paper wa.s continued about 
one year by H. W. Phelps and lA-ife. The office was moved 
away. F 

Herald, 1875 to date: Established by W. D. Mathews, who in 
1&76 sold to E. L. Carr, editor and publisher until after 1895. 
In 1907, C. J. Eddy. Republican. 


News, iS6i(?): Listed, v^-ithout details, in Kenny's i4m«rM:a»iVm>f- 

Paper Directory for 1861. 
Western Evangelist, i86i{i^: Same listing as News. 


Signal, 1871-1876: Edited by Hcnrj' Johnson, published by Charles 
Jubnson. (Simply a reprint of the White Hall Register with the 
above title.) 

Headlight, i87a-r874(?): Published by George B. Price and Son. 
Lived about two years. Reprint of Carrollton Gasetie. 

Indepenuknt, 1875: Established by W. T. Lakin. Only a few 
numbers were published when he moved the press to White Hall, 
where he published the Greene Counly Democrat. The Inde- 
pendent was continued for a time, printed at While Hall and 
edited by James Smith. 




Review, 1877 to date (1881): An Independent paper established 
by W. T. Mclver, seventeen years old, who was editor and pub- 
lisher. In the second number appeared the name of Duncan C. 
Mclver, father of W. T. Mclver, who took the editorial work. 
In 1879 W. T. Mclver withdrew ; his father ran the paper alone 
until 1880, when be sold tt to Frank M. Palmer. In nine months 
Mr. Palmer sold to John S. Harper, who changed the name to 
Eaglt. After six months he sold the paper to Hiram II. Palmer, 
who changed it to Journal, a Democratic paper, In iUSi Mr. 
Palmer sold a half interest to W. J. Roberts, who in 1884 be- 
came sole propcietor. He removed the material to While Hall 
and consolidated it with White Hall Rtgistcr. Aycr. 1881, states 
of the Review that it "prints editions under the names of Eagle 
and Harper's Herald." 

Hahper's Herald, 187S: Established by John S. Harper. After 
six months Mr. Harper sold to William H. Pogue and Morris 
R. Locke, who removed the material to Jcrscyville and started 
the Examiner. Democratic. 


Gazette, 1876 to date (i88i) : Aycr, iSRt.Iistsa paper of the same 
date and politics under the name Gazeiie and Paper. G. G. 
McCosb was editor and publisher. Neutral. 

Times, 1876 to date (1881} ; A family paper. It was later united 
with the Citizen, the two becoming the Independent paper, 
TitneS'Citiien. This paper was published in 1907 by the Rose- 
ville Printing and Publishing Crompany. 

WasoN's Weekly, 1877 : Published by Wilson Brothers. Neutral. 


Observer, i873-i877(?): Established by J. H. Moore, who 
was editor and publisher throughout the paper's existence. It 
existed about four years. Independent Greenback. U 

Ehterprlse, 1S75 or iS76-Octobcr, 1877+; Established by John 
C. Cromer. Its advent had something to do with the discon- 
tinuance of the Observer. The Enter prue was moved to 
Homer, Champaign county, in October, 1877, and in 1907 was 
being published there by J. 6. Martin. 

Press, 1879 to date: Established by F. J. Pastor, who ran it untU 
after 1891. Perry M. Warner, 1895. In 1907 Bert E. Pinker- 
ton was editor and publisher. Independent-Republican. 



Published by G. W. Davis and R. W. Rcnfroc; edited by Abra- 



ham Marshall. It was Independent in politics, favored railroad 
coa<ilruclion, and contained much Texas news. Within a year 
Mr. Davis retired, the paper passed into the hands of R. W. Ren- 
froe, aad the name was changed to 

Journal, +i836-May, 1837+ : Neutral inpolitics. July 30, 1836, 
ihc Journal was sold to Adam (Adams?) Dunlap. May, 1S37, 
Benjamin V. Teel purchased the paper and changed the name to 

Schuyler Advocate, +May 27, i837-I''ebruary, 1838+ : Edited 
by J. B. Fulks. Changed to 

Test, +Fcbniary-ncreml3er 6, 1838: T. Lyie Dickey was editor 
and R. A. Glenn publisher. Published for eight months, with 
several interruptions (twenty-nine numbers in all). Whig in 
politics. H 

Illinois Republican, December 14, 1839-April 9, 1840+ : A. R. 
Sparks, the editor, continued the publication four months. He 
then sold to James L. Anderson, who changed the name to AH 

CoLincAL Examiner, + April 9, r840-October i, 1843+ : Edited 
by James L. Anderson. Changed to 

Whig, + October, 1843-1844: When Henry Clay was defeated as 
candidate for president, the Whig susjiended publication. 

Prairie Telegraph, July 3, iS48-May 24, 1856: f^dited by Ben- 
jamin F. Scripps, published by Richard R. Randall, to Novem- 
ber, 1849; Rev. John Scripps and son, J. Corric Scripps, No- 
vember, 1849-1856. On May 24, 1856, the paper was sold to a 
stock company and changed to F 

Times, +May 24, 1856 to date: Published by a stock company of 
Democrats. DeWitt C. Johnston, editor, May, i856-rebniarv, 
1858: Addrew J. Ashton, February, i8s8-May, i860. A. D. 
Davis, the next editor, was followed in three years by J. C. Fox ; 
E. A. Snivcly, iS66-July, 1868. At the latter date the paper was 
sold at sheriff's sale to Edwin Dyson, who assumed charge, and 
is still editor and publisher. The paper is Democratic. Bound 
volumes of the Timts for 1856-1858, and since 1868 are in 
the office. B 

Schuyler County Democrat, April 20, i854-july 6, 1856: 
Organized by Democrats of the county and edited by Danid 
E. H. Johnson. Published in 1855 as Democrat and Brown 
Couniy Adixrtiser. Sold to George Washington Scripps in 
1S56, who used the material to publish a new paper, the 

ScHCYLER Citken, July 6, 1856 to date : Edited by G. W. Scripps. 
It was an Independent paper until 1858, when it espoused the 
cause of Lincoln in his historic senatorial campaign. Mr. 


Scripps sold the p>aper in 1865, but it reverted to bira in 1868. 
April, 1879, the Citizen passed into the hands of W, I. [.arash, 
editor and proprietor until December i, 1908, when he sold to 
Robhins Bmthers. The Daily Citizen was started June, 1895, 
The daily is non-partisan, the weekly, Republican. Bound vol- 
umes for 1856, 1857, iSsSowned by John S. Bagby, Rushville. U 

Record, (?) {?): A paper run by a Mr. Swan before 



Home Jodrnal, 1865 lo date (1879) : A Republican paper printed 

a( the office of the El Paso Journal. 
Times, 1S74-1878: In 1879 J. H. Brevoort was editor. The paper 

was being issued from the office of the Minonk Blade. 
Post, 1878 lo date (1881): A Republican paper. C. W. Blandin, 

editor in 1880. In 1881 it was being issued from the office of 

the Minonk Blade. 


Gbancek, :873-iS74: Published by Edward Pazo. 

Patriot, 1841-1842+: Edited by John Thomas. Office was 
burned before the third issue. Another out&t was procured by 
Ira Minard, and the paper revived under the complex title of 
St. Charles 

Patriot, Fox River Advocate and Kane Coqntv Hkralu, 
+About 1843+ : Waite succeeded Thomas and changed the 
name to 

Fox River Auvocate, +1843-1845: Edited by Dr. Daniel D. 
Waite. Fn 1845 Waite sold out. 

Tke Age, June, 1843 (?): A Whig paper edited by Robert L 

Thomas and published by R. and A. Thomas. AF 

Prairie Messenger, 1S46-1847 : Edited by Smith and Kelsey, then 
by Smith and Sears. It passed into the hands of Messrs. Wil- 
son and Cockraft and was merged nilh the Wcsiem Mercury, 
Geneva. W 

Better Covenant, +1842-1843+: Edited by Rev. Seth Barnes, 
assisted by Rev. William Rounseville. Established al Rockford; 
soon moved to Chicago; now the Universalist. H 

People's Platform, 1849+: Established by Isaac Marlett in 
.Aurora; removed to St. Charles in 1849. Democratic. The 
name was soon changed to 

Democratic Platform, + 1849-1850+ : S. S. Jones purchased 
Marlett's interests in iS^o, and changed the name to 



Kane County Democrat, +1850-1855: Published by S. S. Jones 
and George C. Hubbard. The number issued on September 25, 
1S50, is in the Gail Borden Public Library at E9giu, Illinois. In 
1855 the office was moved to Elgin, and in the same year to Ba- 
tavia. F 

Weekly Argus, +1857 +(?)■ Begun preWously at Batavia ; 

removed to St. Charles in 1857. Published by Stitt and Mat- 
teson. Later changed to F 

St. Charles Argus, +- ( ?) - 18Q1 : Purchased by R. N. Botsford 

and Ed. Fumald. In 1858 Mr. Botsford became sole owner, 
and after the November election that year sold out to John J. 
Moulding and a Mr. Morton. The Argus was finally merged 
into the 

Fox RjVEK Independent, 1861-1862; Established by John J. 

Observer, 1858; Established by Rev. William Rounsevillc. Short- 

Transcript, 1871-1873+: Established by S. L. Taylor. After 
four months he sold out to D. W. Tyrrell and Charles Archer; 
Ihey, in 1873, sold to Frank McMaster and Hiram N. Wheeler; 
Wheeler was editor. Democratic. Printed at the office of 
the Geneva Kane County Republican. In the fall of 1873 the 
name was changed to 

Northern Granger, +1873-1874+: The tide indicates the 
paper's politics. In 1874 the name was changed to 

Leader, +1874-1878+: In 1878 it was removed to Elgin and con- 
tinued as the Etgin Leader. Democratic. 

Independent. 1874: Established by D. W. TyiTell. Continued 
but a few months. 

Quivering Leap, 1877 : Published by Rev, D. Matlack. Short- 

Review, 1878-1880: Established by D. L. Zabriskie and John F. 
Dewey. Later published by Mr. Dewey alone. It continued 
nearly two years, when it was sold to the Elgin Advocate, and 
its publication ceased. 


News, 1875 to date (1880?) : Established by Johnson and Raancy ; 
sold to C. M. King. Neutral in politics. Printed at the office 
of the Altamont Telegram. 


Weekly Advocate, 1851-1875+ ; A Democratic paper, edited and 
published by John W. and John H. Merritt, untfl 1856, when it 



Akgds, 1878 to date: Established by M. B. Castle and Son (John 
B. Castle), who continued the paper together until the death 
of the former in 1900. Since that date John B. Castle has 
continued editor and proprietor. In 1881 the paper was Inde- 
pendent; in 1907, Repabiican. Complete bound fUes arc in the 
office of the paper. 


Register, 1S53: Published by Charles Allen; edited by Smith D. 
Atkins (see Freeport). ^Vfter a few months the owners sold the 
paper to a Mr. Grattan, who removed the plant elsewhere. F 

TiMZS, 1S75 to date: Established by J. William Mastin, and for ten 
weeks printed at the office of the Shannon GazeMe (which see). 
The first issue printed in Savanna was that of .Septemlrer 11, at 
which time the equipment of the Shannon Gazrtle was moved to 
Savanna. Simon Grcenleaf and Mastin were the publishers 
until March, 1876, when Greenleaf bought Mastin's share in 
the paper and became editor and proprietor. He was still so in 
1879. In 1895 a daily edition was started, which has continued 
to date. In 1907 L. W. Frascr was editor; W. W. Gillespie, 
publbber. The paper has always been Republican. U 


News, 1S72-1873: Established by J. S. Har[>er. After about one 
year Mr. Haqier went to Farmer City and the News was dis- 

Bakner, December, 1872-1873+ : Established by H. H. Parkinson. 
With the assistance of O, C. Sabin and Mr. Van Voris, he pub- 
lished the paper for one year. Then he sold to Mr. Sabin, who 
changed the name to 

McLean Col'nty Anti-Monopolist, +i873-January, 1874: 
Mr. Sabin made the paper an advocate of the farmers' move- 
ment. In January, 1874, ht removed the paper to Blooming- 
ton. After continuing its publication for one year, be sold it to 
Mr. Goff. 

Heraxxi, October, 1875 to date (i88a): An Independent paper, 
established by T. J. Horsley. He still was editor and publisher 
in 1879; H. W. Rodman in 1882. 

Sunbeam. May. 1879- 
O. C. Sabin^ editor. 
C. A. 

-(?): W. II. Schureman was manager; 

, Published under the auspices of the Y. M. 

_ 'Its peculiar field was literature and the cause of tem- 

perance, religion, intelligence and morality," 




Union, 1874; Lakin and Palmer were editors and publishers. 
Printed at the office of the Waverly Times. 


Home Journal, 1879(7) : An edition of the El Paso Journal. In- 
dependent in politics. 


Record, 1878 to date: Established by A. J. Lukins. In March, 
1879, the office was burned, and publication suspended for tTi-o 
weeks. In 1880 J. H. and Sam D. Chatterton assumed control. 
Sam D. Chatterton bought his partner's interest in 188:. In 
September, 18S2, Lcacock and Wickham became editors and 
proprietors. From July, 1883, to October, 1884, Wickham con- 
ducted [he paper alone. George B. Voumans and W. D. Lind- 
say, flctober, 1884-1885; H. E. Wickham, editor for a time in 
1885; J. B. Hayes, June-August, 1885; VV. D. Lindsay and 

George B. Voumans, August, 1885 (?) In igfoi the Record 

was consolidated with the News, which had been established in 
1892. As the Record and News, the paper is now edited and 
published by Terry Simmons. Independent in politics. Later 
files are owned by Mr. Simmons. 


Express, May, 1876, to date : Established by H. F. Bloodgood and 
Mr Hunt. In October, 1876, Hunt sold his interest to W. H. 
Ray. Bloodgood and Ray were editors and publishers to 
March, 1878. Since thai date, W. H. Ray has been sole pio- 
prietnr and editor. In 1879 the paper was printed at the office 
of the Sandwch Free Press. The Express has always been a 
Republican paper. Files, except fur the first few years, are kept 
in the office. A part of the edition is printed as the GazeiU, Lee 
(DeKalb county). 

Record, March-December, 1878: Established by J. M. Bean, It 
was suspended after an existence of about nine months. 


Gazette, 1864-after 1875: Established by John Hewlett, still 
editor and publisher in 1868. In 1870-1874 Jethro Mastin 
was editor and publisher; Mastin and Sanford in 1875. Printed 
at the office of the Lanark Carroll County Gmeite. A Republican 

Express, 1879 to date (1895): A. W. Erwin was editor and pub- 
lisher until after i88a; W. B. Bachlclle, 18S4; W. H. Baracs, 
1891; J. M. Bahm, 1895. At first Republican, Independent 
after 1891. 




Shawneb Chief.' October i7-\ovcmber(?), i8i8+ : Established 
by Henry Eddy and Singleton H. KJmmcl. In a short time the 
name was changed to 

Illinois Emigbant, +(before December a6, i8:8)-September i8, 
1819+: Published by Eddy and Kimmel and edited by Eddy. 
This, the second paper in Illinois, was a four-page, four-column 
sheet, well printed in the early years. In the issue for April 3, 
i8ig. is a criticism of Governor Bond for signing the lawestab- 
Jishing a state bank, and for becoming president of it. The last 
issue was vol. 1, no. 54, September ifi, 1819. With the next 
number the name v>'as changed to AB 

Illinois Gazette. +September 25, i8i9-t83o(?): The paper was 
continued by Eddy and Kimmel until May 32, 1820, when the 
partnership was dissolved and James Hall took the place of 
Kimmel as partner in the publishing, and as editor. This ar- 
rangement continued until Novemlwr 16, 1822. when Hall vn'lh- 
drew; with the number for November 23 C. Jones became 
publisher and Henry Eddy editor and proprietor. Eddy sold a 
half interest to John Foliart, who became publisher, with Eddy, 
as John Foliart and Company, on February 11, 1826. They sold 
October 18, i8a8, to Alexander F. Grant, who conducted tlie 
paper alone until November 8, then, with Thomas Palmer, as 
Alex F. Grant and Company until Noveml>er 20, 1830; then 
Grant alone became publisher. The last number in the Library 
of Congress is vol. 10, no. 30, December j8, 1830, and is prob- 
ably near the end of the paper's career. Under Eddy and Kim- 
mel the CazeUi was alive and fairly vigorous. Hall made it per- 
haps the best edited paper in the state, tvith the possible exception 
of the EdwardsviUe Spectator. He preserved a neutral position 
in politics for some time, and at all times kept the columns open 
to discu-ssion. But after he became familiar with stale politics 
the polilical lone was vigorous.' Hall gave the paper a very 
unusual literary tone. Under subsequent editors its qualities 
deteriorated to insignificance. MSAE 

Gallatin Democrat /nd Illinois Adverttsee, October-Decem- 
ber, 1835: Established by McCleniand and Slickncy. Demo- 
cratic. McCleraand withdrew at the end of the year, and the 
paper was continued as Danville 

• The titlfl Sliaunt* Ckitf U used hero solaly on the word of [>r«viou« 
writer*. In the nolico of diMolution of partn«nhip betwMn Bddy knd Kimmel, 
cnentLoD it m^de of deblort to IIHnait Umierant and lUinoit GauUw, but Dot 
10 ShaumM Chief. I bav« foun.l no rtttnncK to that name in early MbKKui tn lo- 
di*iu iMpen in tbc Library of Concre**- — 1'- W S. 

1 Poi fnrthai ijartitiulan ai thu [Mper's editorial pulic)r eae tha lattadBctton. 



Illinois Advertiser, +January, i836-No\'ember 4. 1837: Edited 
and published by VVilUam H. Sdckney as a radically Democratic 
paper. Slickney discontinued the paper November 4, 1837, and 
sold the plant to John S. McCracken. who, after a few weeks, 
started A 

Western Voice and Internal I uproi.'Ement Journal, December, 
1837-1839+ ; A Democratic paper that had reached no. 48 on 
December 29, 1838. Early in 1839 it was changed to A 

Intelligencer, +1839 — (?): Edited and published by W. H. 

McCracken and Company. 

Illinois Republican, February, i84i-i843(?): Edited and pub- 
lished by Samuel D. Marshall until March 25, 1843, then by 
H. H. M. Butt and J. W. Connell. Supported McClemand 
for senator in iS-ja against DouKlaa, Brecse, Reynolds, and 
Young. It was still being published in June, 1S43. AH 

Illinois State Gazette, i843-iS47( ?): Estalilishcd byW.D.Lat- 
ahaw and J. S. Roberta. FJsted m Illinois Annual Register for 
1847 a.s a Democratic paper published by J. S. and E. W. 
Roberts. (Sec Jackson Standard, 205.) F 

Southern Illinois Advocate, 1848-1849: Edited and published 
for a few months by L- Jay S. Tumey, a lawyer. The only copy 
available does not reveal the politics of the paper; it stood, how- 
ever, for " universal liberty abroad, and an ocean bound republic 
at home!!!" U 

Southern Illinoisan. 1852-1860: Started by W. Edwards and 
Son as a Democratic paper. It supported Bissell, the Republi- 
can candidate for governor, and Buchanan for president. It 
revolted at the time of Douglas's Kansas- Nebraska bill. After 
Buchanan'ii election it became strongly Republican. 

Mercury, 1860-1873': Published and edited by D. W. Lusk as 
late as 1873. A Republican paper. 

Gazette, 1871-1875: Established by Joel G. Morgan and con- 
ducted by him till it was discontinued. At lirst both daily and 
weekly, the weekly called (JalUilin GautU; the daily was soon 

Home News, 1873+ : Established by Conrad O. Edwards. 
Changed to 

Shawnee News, +1873 to date: A Republican paper, edited and 
published by Riblett and Edwards, then by ]. \V. Riblett ; John 
M.Hogg, 1877-1880; Tromly Brothers, 188a ; L. F. Tromly, 

< Th« ftccount of MvDvlton oouatr c»P<rs <P- JM Goodspsftd), lAyt "la 
December iA;o. JohnCokBT purrluiMd the Sbiiwnectown \f*Tciuy,AnA moved ttw 
nttteri&I to McLeAiMboiO to tUrt Um GoUtn Era." 


1884-1895 + . After 1H95 the paper berame A'ews-Gleaner. 
Id 1907 the News-Gieatur was being edited and published by 
A. T. Spivey, and it was slill Republican. 

Shawnee Herald, February 11, 1876-1879: Established by 
Francis M. Pickett. Jacob Haroing was editor and publisher 
in 1879; Frank Winterberger in 1880. A Democratic paper. 

Local Record, December, 1877, to date: A Democratic paper, 
establishe<l and still conducted in 1887 by Conrad O. Edwards. 
It is listed in RowcU, 1879, as Independent in politico. In Aycr, 
1907, it is given as a local paper, edited by Essie and Allie Ed- 
wards, published by Edwards and Edwards 


PsAiRiE Flower, 1840-1842: Edited by Joseph C. Duncan and 
James Shoaff. It was in the nature of a newspaper and literary 
magazine combined, published monthly. Issued from the office 
of the Okaw. 

Okaw. 1840-1845: Edited by W. W. Bishop. Its publication was 

Shelby Bani^r. July, 1852-1858+ : It first advocated Democracy, 
then became Independent. Edited by D. M. CantriJI and William 
A. Cochran, 1852, for a few monllis. Cochran was a warm 
supporter 0/ Fraoklin Pierce as candidate for president. Can- 
Crill was sole editor after Cochraa's nithdrawal, until the office 
was dosed in 1853. In 1854 Theophilus Short and Short and 
Spears conducted the paper for a few months. P. L. Shutt 
followed them, 1855, and changed the paper from Democratic 
to Independent. September, 1858, John W. Johnson took pos- 
session and changed the paper to the F 

Okaw PATWor, +1858-1863: The paper was edited by John W. 
Johnson, September, 1858-February, i860 ; Judge Anthony 
Thornton, February, 1S60. The Banner (see belo*) bad just 
been started by P. L. Shutt. Thornton and Shutt consolidated 
the two papers, under the name of 

Okaw Dkmochat +1860-1863 + : Thornton acted as editor, Shutt 
as manager. Thornton retired within the year and Shutt con- 
tinued to 1863. Upon his suspcnaing publication, a joint stock 
company uf Democrats was formed to continue the paper as the 

Shelby County Leader, + September. 1863-1865+: It was 
started by a joint stock company, managed by \V. A. Trower. and 
edited by H. H. Coolidge, September-December, 1863. In 
December, 1863, bought by W. A. Trower, and sold to 1865 in 
Rufus Sumerlin. Democratic. Soon after George R. Wendling 
bought a half interest, and changed the name to 



Central Illinois Tikes, +1866-1868+ : The editor was George 
R. Wendling. He sold his half interest i.i 1S67 to Lloyd B. 
Stephenson and W. W. Hess; in October, 1S67, Dr. K. K. Wag- 
goner became Sumerlin's partner. In 1868 Rufus Sumerlin 
assumed sole charge and again named it the 

Shelby County Leaoek, +1868 to date: Edited by Rufus Sum- 
erlin and his three sons^ Leon, Dolph, and Eugene. Bought 
by W. A. Trower in Mardi, 1871. In Januaiy, 1873, a half 
interest was sold to W. B. Marshutz, who sold back to W. A. 
Trower in 1875. Owned and edited by Vallee Harold in 1895- 
fall of 1898; George V. Mcchlcr to February, 1890, and from 
1890 to date, owned and edited by T. B. Shoaff. Democratic. 

Banxek, i860: Started by P. L. Shutt, and consolidated with the 
Okaw Patriot (see above). 

Shelby Cotmry Freeman, 1860-1861 : Published by Eli Chittenden 
in the interest of the Republican party. Discontinued in 1861 
and later resurrected as the 

Sbelby County Union, i86j to date: Established at the suggestion 
of Judge Samuel W. Moullon and W. J. Henry to espouse the 
cause of the Union. Edited by J. W. Johnson, 1863- 1864; 
owned by J. W. Johnson and John A. Young, 1864-1865 ; by 
Richard Coudi in 1865; by Richard Couch and Park T. Martin 
in 1867; exclusively by Park T. Martin, 1867-1871 ; jointly by 
Park T. Martin and Elgin H. Martin, 1871-1872; by Park T., 
Elgin H., and Horace L. Martin. 1871-1873; by Elgin H. and 
Horace L. Martin in 1873; by Horace L Martin, 1874 to 1903, 
who established a daily of the same name in 1887, and had for 
editors successively, Elgin H. Martin, Harry M. Martin and 
James Darby. Owned by Hon. Walter C. Headen, William H. 
Bcem, Harr>' M. Martin, and George B. Rhoads; edited by 
William Ritchie, 1903-1905 ; William Taylor and Or\'ille Storm, 
igo5-i9o6(?). In 1907 Fred A. Richey was editor; Union 
Publishing Company, publishers. The daily edition is Independ- 
ent, the weekly Republican. 

CoMUEBCiAL, 1868 : Published for a sliort time by J. William Lloyd 
and George R. Wendling as a trade paper. 

Shklbv County Indepenuknt, 1874-1876: Established by Dr. 
E. E. Waggoner and J. William Lloyd as an Independent organ, 
but it was virtually Democratic from the first. Dr. E. E. Wag- 
goner was sole owner and editor from 1875, and in 1876 ciianged 
it to the 

Democilat. 1876 to date: Edited by Dr. E. E. Waggoner, 1876- 
1885; owned by Thomas J. and George R. Graybill. 1885-1887. 
In 1887 G, Wilbur Cook entered the firm which was known as 



Graybill Brothers and Company, with George R. Graybill as 
editor, 1887-1902. Owned since 1902 by G. Wilbur Cook, and 
Isaac S. Storm, and edited by the latter The Democrat Com- 
pany are publishers. 

Apiarv, 1878-1880; Owned by E. Homrighous and J. W. Johnson 
and edited by the latter. A monllily i>aper on bees and Dicir 
care and propagation. 

Green-back Herald, 1879-1884; Established on the material of 
the Windsor Sentittd. Edited by Tom Stuart and G. W. Cook, 
1879-1880, and supported the Greenback party. PIdited by 
Milton A. Bates in 1880; by Charles Reeve later; after him 
by Elder Linn and later by Mr. Eton. It was variously listed as 
\'atiotuil Greftiback Iffrald, Greenbark Iferald, and Herald. 

CntTRcn AND Home, 1879-1880+ : A Unitarian weekly owned and 
edited by Rev. Jasper L. Douthit. Name soon changed to 
Our Best Words, 1880-1892, a weekly Prohibition paper of 
varying fortunes. It was sold in 1892 to J. S. Bamum, who 
changed it to the People's Paper. This was edited by J. S. 
Bamum and Frank K. Pennington as a Populistic organ. It 
was discontinued in 1894. The same year, Rev. Jasper L. 
Douthit bought back the name only of Our Best Words from 
Bamum and Pennington, and continued the paper as a monthly, 
in the interests of Unitariajiism and Prohibition. Jasper L. 
Douthit is the present owner aod editor. 

Illustrated Baptist, 1879 to date (1881); Phillips and Hughes 
were editors and publishers. A monthly paper. 


Courier, March (?), 1871; Published from a press in Kent- 
land, Indiana, for a few months, by J B. Spotswood and E. 
A. Bums. The Courts was Independent in politics. 

Enterprise, December, 1874 to date (1S80); Established by 
H. R. Fields and H. L. Henry. Alter February, 1877, it was 
under the management of D. J. Eastbum, who was still editor 
and proprietor in 1880. I'hc BMtcrprise was Independent in 
politics. U 

Journal, 1879 *o date: J. W. Sargent, editor, J. R. Fox. publisher, 
i88a; J. R. Fox, 18S4; J. W. Sargeant, iSgr; C. W. Stickney 
In 1895. In 1881 it was a semi-weekly paper; in 1907, a weekly. 
W. U. Overhue was editor and publisher in 1907. Republican. 


News Letteh, 1871-1880: Established by J. L. Seward, and con- 
ducted by him until 1873. A. V. Whitney became editor and 



publisher in 1873-1876; C. E. and C. A. Whitney were pub- 
Ushers in 1S77. In 1879-18S0 A. V. Whitney was editor and 
publisher. For awhile it had the name of 

Temperance Union, 1873-1874: £<lited and published by A. V. 



Progress, December, 1868-September, 1869: Edited and managed 
by W. E. Miiton 

True Flag, September, 1874-October, 1875 Parker and Waldron, 
editor^ and proprietors. Independent. Consolidated with the 
Brighton Advance. 


Free Press. 1873-1875: H. F. Btoodgood was editor and pub- 
lisher. Issued from the office of the Sandwich Free Press. 

Reveiixe, 1875 to date: C. Abe West was editor and proprietor to 
1880; S. D. Newtont i88o-i8Sg; C. B. Pliillips, rSS^-iSpa; 
Charles W. Faltz, editor and publisher to date. An Independent 
paper. U 


Eagle, 1871 : Established by H. I-. Goodall. Printed at the office 
of the Chicago Sun. 


Chronicle, 1868 to date (1891): Established as a neutral paper by 
Spencer Ellsworth, editor and publisher. In 1879 and to date, 
a Republican paper. S. M. Tesmer was editor and the Chronicle 
Publishing Company, publishers, in 1879-1884+: Mrs. L. S- 
Tesmer, editor; Spencer Ellsworth, publisher in 1891. 

Union, 1870-1871: Established by William Trench. In the next 
year it was edited and publish^l by Bell and Wilson, who were 
printiag it at the office of the Lacon Statesman. 


CoLinnBUs Heralx), 1839-1840+ : Edited by James Morrow. Neu- 
tral as to politics. Changed to 

Herald, + January-June 1840+ ; Edited by J. E. Dietrich. Demo- 
cratic. Changed to 

Democrat, +1840-1843; Mr. Dietrich was still editor. Favored 
Van Buren for president. In 1844, the office was leased to O. F. 
McMillan, who began the U 



Randolph County Record, May 28. i844~June, 1846- Edited 
by O. F. McMillan. Because of politics it was moved to Chester, 
where it was publi^ed as the RrveiUe. It supported Polk for 
the presidency. 

Fhaibie Democrat, 1848-1851+ : A campaign paper«dited by J. R 
Shannon,. 184S-1851. It ad\'0cated the election of Lewis Cass. 
In 1851 C- P. Johnson leased the office and changed the name to 

Independent, +1851-1854; Suspended after the campaign in 
1852. Revived by S. A. Armour, who later leased to Parsons 
Per>-. After two years he was' succeeded by J. W. Fletcher. 
Sooii afterward the office was removed to Chester. 

Freeman,' March 21, 1850-1-: Anti-slaver)*; edited by James N. 
Coleman. In 1850 he was succeeded by James S. Coulter, who 
changed the name to F 

Journal, + 1850-1852 : Edited by J. S. Coulter, who was succeeded, 
in 185a, by Mrs. Gintileus. Suspended shortly after. 

Register, February, 1849 (?): Established by J. E. Det 

rich and J. R. Shannon. Apparently Democratic. F 

Randolph County Journal, i 856 -( r") : Established by j. W. 

Fletcher* and H. A. McKelvey; McKelvey was editor. Re- 
publican. F 

Stah of the West, iS6a-iS66-f : Started by W. J. Armour, in 1866 
(1865?) sold to General J. Blackburn Jones, who changed the 
name to 

Randolph, 4- 1866 to date: Published by Jones until 
1S68 when he sold to Thomas M. Nichol. In 1869 J. \^. Watson 
purchased an interest. In 1870 the paper was sold to Messrs. 
Kimball and Taylor, who placed Edward Fagin in charge aa 
editor and manager. In 1872 he was succeeded by Fred L. 
Alles. In 1873 Alles purchased the paper and on the same day 
sold it to S. L. Taylor. la one month Albert Goddard became 
associated with Mr. Taylor. He retired in 1874 and was suc- 
ceeded by W. B. Taylor, who jiublished the paper with his 
brother, S. Lovejoy Taylor, until 18S1, the latter continuing as 
editor to that date, when they sold to Messrs. George Campbell 
and Don E. Dietrich. In four months Charles Campbell pur- 
chased Dietrich's interest, and the Campbell Brothers con- 

' Hkitu. N*tro SfTvil-dt im lUimois, 184. uya th«t tho FrttmoM wsa 
>irgun in January, tSjo. 

> It Bccms prolikble lh>t thU pAper hftd b«ofl dJiftcontlnuttd before iS6g, for 
en April j. of that year Hormc* Greel*y ftddreswd to " Priend Fletcher," then 
nboui 10 EtaK a paper at Sparta, lub weU-kDCi«n )«tt«r of adviu to a ooontxy 
editor. Perhapc Gre«lcr'* adv:c« ditcouraKed Fletcher; at mar nte I have not 
found that he KUirt«d a pa;»«r in i860.— P.W.S. 

tbued publication. In 1907 S. Lovejoy Taylor was editor; 

Taylor Brothers, publishers. A Republican paper tliroughout 

its existence. Listed in Rowell, 1879, and in tlic later directories 

as Plaindcaier. 
Item, 1878-1879: Printed in the office of Hie Sparta Plaindealer; 

edited by E. C. Miner. Monthly. 
Our Wosk, 1877: Edited by Rev. Thomas E. Green; published 

under the auspices o£ the First Presbyterian Church 


Sancamo Spectator, February ai, 1827-1829+ : Edited by Hooper 
Wanen, but owned by Ninian Edwards. He sold to Samuel 

C. Meredith. Changed to A 
Journal AND Little Sangamo Gazette, +February 16, 1829-1830: 

Conducted by S. C. Meredith. Discontinued after a few mon^s. 

CocEiER, iS^o: Editors, George Forquer and Thomas Ford, 
later Governor of Illinois. 

Sangamon Jouhnal, November 10, 1831-18554-: It appeared 
weekly from November ro, 1831, to June 13, 1848. It appeared 
first as a daily on Monday, June 13, 1848, and has since been 
issued both daily and weekly, under the various tides of Sanga- 
mo Jounmi, Sangamon Journal, and Illinois Stale Journal. The 
title Sangamon Journal was retained from the beginning till 
January 13, 1832, when, with no. 11, it was changed to Sangamo 
Journal. This paper supported the Whig party, thus favoring 
a national bank, protecdve tariff, and internal improvements. 
From the birth of the Republican parly the Journal supported 
its principles. Published by Simeon and Jusiah Francis, 1831- 
1835; Simeon Francis. 1835-XS38; Simeon, Allen and J. Newton 
Francis, 1838-1843; Simeon and Allen Francis. 1S43-1855; W. H. 
Bailbache and Edwaid L. Baker. 1855-1862. On September 
23, 1847. the name was changed to Illinois Jourttal, and on 
August 13, 1855, was changed to that by which it has since 
been known^ namely HSAUP 

fi.LiNois State Journal, +1855 to dale: W. H. BaUbache sold 
his interest in 1S63 to David L. Phillips. A stock company was 
formed in February, 1863; in March, 1866, Phillips sold his 
stock to Bailhache. In February, 1873, the stock was sold to 
Edward L. Baker, David P. Philltpa, Charles Edwards, and J. 

D. Roper. Paul Sclby, Milton F. Simmons, and Horace Chapln 
bought the paper in September, 1878, and in 1885 it became the 
property of Frank E. Tracy, Charles T. Stratton and A. F. 
Phillips; after one year Paul Sclby and M. S. Kimball bought U; 
in April, 1889, the property was bought by Clarence R. Paul, 


Hany F. Dorwin, and Lewis H. Miner. Paul Sdby was asso- 
ciate editor from July, 1863, until aiter the close of the war, and 
again from 1S74 to 1878; he was one of the proprietors and 
editor from 1878 to tS89. Clarence R. Paul was editor from 
1889 until his death, May 28, '190S. He was succeeded by 
Lewis H. Miner. Files for se\*era] years owned bv Mr. Kerns, 

XuJNras Herald. October, 1831 (?): listablished by Edward 

Jones and S. S. Brooks. Later it was published by Edmund 
D. Taylor; edited and printed bv Samuel S. Brooks in 1833. 


Ilunois Hepubucan, 1835-1839: A Democrat paper: supported 
Jackson's policy; was mer^jed into the Ulinois State Register in 
1839. It was edited and published by John L. Roberts and 
George R. Weber. Stephen A. Douglas contributed to its 
columns. A mob, one of which was the sheriff of the count)*, 
attacked the office twice, but was repelled by the Weber Brothers. 

Ilunois State Register, +August loC?). 1839, to date: Established 
by John York Sawyer, at Edwardsville as Illinois Advocate. It 
was published at Springfield by Win. Walteis and George R. 
Weber as editors and publishers until 1845. Mr. Walters and 
Charles H. Lanphier were editors and publishers, 1845-1846. On 
the death of Mr. Walters in July, 1S46, Mr. Lanphier became 
editor and owner. He and George Walker were its editors and 
publishers, June 4, 1847-1858. On January 2, 1849, the Daiiy 
Illinois State Register was first issued. Mr. Walker having died, 
Mr. Lanphier and Edward Conner edited and published the 
paper in 185S-1859, Mr. Lanphier becoming sole proprietor 
late in 1859, and so continued until November 14, 1S63. During 
i860, the late Congressman William M. Springer, edited the 
paper. Mr. Lanphier's connection with the IHitwis State Reg- 
ister closed in 1863, when it was suspended for a few months. 
It was revived by the Illinois State Register Publishing Company 
under the business management of (icorge Judd and was 
edited by I. \- Higgins. On November ii, 1864, the paper was 
again suspended. On Januarj* i, 1865, John W. Merritt and 
. sons, Edward L. and Joseph D., became proprietors and revived 
the paper with John W. Merritt as editor-in-chief and Edward 
L. Merritt as his associate editor. January i, 1866, Edward L. 
and Joseph D. Merritt became proprietors under the firm name 
of E. L. Merritt and Brother. In 1873 John W. Merritt was 
succeeded as editor by Edward L. Merritt. In 1877 the Mer- 
ritt Brothers sold the paper to an incorporated company, com- 
posed of John M. Palmer, John Mayo Palmer, Edward L. Mer- 



ritt and James M. Higgtns. In 1880 this company sold the 
property to G. W. and J. R. Weber, sons of George R. Weber, 
who was connected with it ia 1839, and Charles Edwards, John 
H. Oberly, and G. R. Weber edited it Soon afterwards the 
paper was turned over to a trustee. Early in 1881 John M. 
Palmer bid it in on a sale and then sold it to George Smith, H. 
W. Clendenin, and Thomas Rees of Keokuk, Iowa, who issued 
their first number of June 19, 1881, under the firm name of Smith, 
Qcudcnin and Rccs. Mr. Smith died in 1S86 and the proprietor- 
ship was then placed in an incorporated company composed of 
H. W. Clendenin, Thomas Rees, and the heirs of Mr. Smith, the 
title being the Illinois State Register Company. A few years 
thereafter the Smith interest was purchased by the company 
controlled by Messrs. Clendem'n and Rees, which is its present 
owner. Mr. Clendenin has been editor-in-chief since 1881, 
and Mr, Rees has been business manager during the same time. 
The Illinois State Register has been a Democratic paper since 
1836, when Mr. Walters assumed its publication. EDB JAHSUF 

Ilunois Messenger, i840-(?): Edited by Samuel S. Brooks. 

Old SoLDiEK, 1840: Edited by a Whig general committee; pub- 
iiahed by S. J. Frands and Company. A 

Old Hickory, February is-November i, 1840: Published by a 
Democratic general committee. A 

Times, October 17, 1843-1845: A Democratic paper edited b 
Samuel S. Brooks. 

OLn'E Branch, March-fall, 1844: A Whig campaign paper issued 
from the office of the Journal. WM 

Ilijnois Adler und Democratischer WinG, May 21-falI, 1844: 
A German campaign paper edited by I. A. Arenz and published 
by I. F. Ruhe, Jr. A 

Illinois Washingtonun, March i, 1845 (?): Published 

by T. S. Fairchild and C. H. Ray for the Illinois State Temperance 
Society. Andrew McCarmack, S. S. Brooks, John B. Weber, 
Edmund R. Wiley and James C. Conkling comprised the pub- 
lishing committee. Monthly. H 

Illinois Organ, June 24, i84ft-i8si(?): Established by George 
6. Goudy and S. S. Wliitehurst, publishers and proprietors, and 
apparently, editors. The paper was "devoted to temperance, 
morals, literature, the arts and sciences, general news, and agri- 
culture." Within four months Eli H. Hosea had taken the place 
of Goudy, and the temperance cause had become its chief raison 
d'itre. By its third year D. J. Snow was editor. Volume 3, 
no. so, July 19, 1851, is the latest copy available. USF 



Illinois Unionist and Statesman, 1852-185.^: A single copy in 
the library of the Chicago Historical Society is vol. i, no. 33, for 
March 9, 1853. It gives J. Snow and Company as editors and 
publishers, but does not reveal the politics of the paper. H 

Western Leader, January, 1854 (?); Pabliahcd by J. 

Snow and Company to further the aims of the Maine Law 
Alliance. F 

Daily Enterprise, 1854-1855: Edited by Washington Wright; 
published by Richards and Smith. S 

Memento, and Odd-Fellows' Nortuwestern Magazine, 
August, iS54-i869(?): A fraternal monthly, edited by William 
Rounscvillc and published by N. C. Nason. Suspended fxx>m 
July, 1856, to April, 1857; then continued by Nason and Hill. 
Apparently there was another suspension, for vol. 5 ended 
in March, i860, and vol. 7 began April 20, 1867, published by 
N. C. Nason, and edited by N. C. Nason and Samuel Willard. 
They were still conducting it in 1869. With vol, 3 the title was 
changed to Memento and Odd FeUows' Family Magazine. H 

lujNOis Farmer, i856-{aftcr 1863); Edited by M. L. Dunlap 
from January, i860, until after 1S63; published by Bailhache 
and Baker. Montlily. U 


Issued by J. D. Freeman and H. Magee to advertise Free- 
man's ''patent " medicines. F 
Olive Branch, January, 1856 (?): Edited by S W Haw- 
ley as an organ of the Lutheran church, F 
Conservative, August 14 till fall, 1856; Issued during the presi- 
dential campaign to favor Millard Fillmore's nomination as a 
candidate for the presidency. F 

Daily Independent, 1856-1858: A. M. Gailand was editor; 
Garland and Wheeler were owners and publishers. Frank 
Lronard was a contributor, and Ben Richards was foreman. 
Supported Bell and Everett and the ideas of the know-nothing 
parly in 1856. Wholly independent. 

Republica.\, February 9, 1857 ~{y)'- John E. Rosette was 

editor; Jameson, Ashton and Company, proprietors. The paper 
was Republican, but " perfectly independent." Daily. 

Illinois State Democrat. 1857-1860: Managed by J. J. Clarkson 
and edited by Elliott B. Hemdon. While it claimed to repre- 
sent Democracy it combated the "heresies" of Douglas. 

Illinois Staats Anzeiger, i859-i86i(?): Established by Dr. 
Theodore Caniaus, who in 1861 was appointed by President 
Lincoln, consul at Vienna. 



Lincoln Clarion, June 5-November 37, i860; A campaign paper, 
edited and published by E. R. Wiley, Jr. S 

Theodora, i86i(?): A religious monthly listed in Kenny's American 
Newspaper Direttory for r86i. 

Masonic Tkowel, March, i862-i87s(?): E^'ted and published by 
Harmon G. Reynolds. H. 0, RejTioIds and Son became pub- 
lishers later. H 

Odd Fellows Union, March 20, iS66-Febraary 20, 1867: Pub- 
lished by Harmon G. Reynolds nad Son, edited by H. G, 
Reynolds, past Grand Master, and Samuel Willard, secretary. 
Discontinued at the end of one year. Monthly. HC 

Ilunois Staats Democrat, 1866-1871: Established and pub- 
lished by Christian Lohman. 

Capital Record and Family Journal, 1869-1871: Established 
by Ed. A. Wilson, who was editor and publisher during the 
paper's career. 

Illinois Atlas, 1869-1871: Thomas Lewis was editor and pub- 
lisher in the first year; he was succeeded by Illinois Atlas Com- 
pany. Independent. EA 

Legal Directory, 1869-1873: Established by E. L. and W. L. 
Grass, who were editors and publishers through the paper's 
career. In 1873 it was called llUnols l^gal Directory. 

Freie Kanzel, 1870: A German evangelical paper edited by A. 
Schabehom, and published by C. Lohmann and Company. 

Die Zeitunc. 1870-1871 : Established and pubSished by Christian 

Political Crisis, 187 i : Established by R. Weber and Sons. Inde- 

Labor of Love, 1872-1876: A monthly religious publication edited 
and published by Edwin A. Wilson. 

Ilunois Fheie Presse, :872-i89o: For the first four months Ed- 
ward Rummel, secretary oi state, was editor and publisher, sup- 
porting the "liberal movcmcnL" Sold to Gchring and Hatzc. 
After a year and a half Fred Gehring bccanre sole proprietor 
and editor. In 1886 Gchring sold to Charles Bremer; Bremer 
sold to H. Schlange. the proprietor of Stoats Wocheniilati, who 
discontinued the Freie Presse in 1890. U 

Sangamo Monitor, i873-i894(?): T. W. S. Kidd was editor and 
publisher and seems to have continued the paper until about 
1894. Established as a weekly; a morning daily was begun 
in 1877 and called Morning Monitor. Independent. 



yoDNG Men's Chbistian Assocution Herald, i876-(after 
1881): Monthly. 

Food for the Laubs, 1876: Issued "four times a month" by Ed- 
win A. Wilson, for those who needed spiritual sustenance be- 
tween the visitations of the Labor 0/ Love. 

Atheneum, 1877 (?): A monthly literary journal, discontinued 

before 1881. 

EvEXiNo Gazette, 1878- 

-(?): A daily, edited and published 

by the Gazette Publishing U>mpany. 

Staats WocHENBi^rr, 1878 to date: Established by H. Schlange, 
who sold to A. Wulff in iSSa and repurchase*! in 1885. He sold 
to Sexauer and Patxke in 1900. In 1901 B. F. Sexauer became 
editor and proprietor and has continued so to date. 

Odd Fellows Herald, August, 1878 to date: Established by A, 
l>. Sanders, this publication has had a somewhat peripatetic 
career. Sanders sold to the Bulletin Publication Company of 
Bloomfngton in 1883, and the Herald was pubh'shed by that 
company in Bloomington until 1885 when F. E. Huddle became 
owner. He sold in 1887 to George Nf. Adams, and Adams, in 
1892, sold to C. F. Mansfield, who removed the Herald to Mans- 
field- In 1893 it was transferred to Owen Scott, who removed 
it to Bloomington. In 1894 it was bought by James R. Miller 
and John H. Sikes, who removed it to Springfield, where it has 
remained. In 1903 Mr. Miller died, and the publication has 
been continued by John H. Sikes and Mrs. Mary P. Miller. It 
is the olTidal organ of the I. O. O. F. of Illinois. 

A.O.Il. Emerald, i879-i88o(?)-i- ; Oi^anof the Ancient Order of 
Hibernians. James E. Dunn was editor and publisher. In 
1882 it had been moved to Chicago, and was dated at Chicago 
and Spring&eld. Publication seems to have suspended late in 
the 80s. 

Sunday Mail, 1879-1880: A short-lived paper edited and pub- 
lished by the Mail Company. 

State Argds, July 10, 1879 { Y) : Edited by D. W. Lusk ; pub- 
lished by the State Argus Company, of which George N. Black 
was secretary, William Ja)'ne, president It was named in the 
subtitle "a weekly journal of general intelligence, slate interests, 

politics and literature." The contents indicate that special 
emphasis was placed on Republican politics. U 

Illinois Synoptical Reporter, August, 1879 (?): A bi- 
monthly law journal, edited by J. C. Wells. 




TxiBUNT, February, 1879-March, 1880: A non-partisan paper, 
edited and published by ShannDu Creed. 


TiMKS, August, 1878. to date: Kstablishet! by Showman and Lamb, 
who sold after two months to W. F. Bently. It was published 
and edited by F. L. Blome from 1885 to iSg8; T. H. Edwards, 
1898 to 1904; T. H. and J. J. Edwards, 1904 to 1908; M. W. 
Meyers, 1909. Bound files dating from 1885 to 1908 in pos- 
session of T. H. Edwards. 


Times, 1875-1876: F^ited and published by W. S. West 
at the office of the Tamaroa Perry County Watchman. 



Times, December. 1854-1857: EstabUshed by Charles Boynton 
In 1855 Gratton and Norwood purchased the paper and made 
it Republican. In the spring of 1856 Gratton and Norwood 
sold to L. D, CrandaU, under whom the Times became Demo 
cratif and supported James Buchanan for the presidency. 
William Hyde was the editor. In the winter of 1856-1857 Wor- 
thington and Biggert bought the paper, and they continued it 
undl its suspension, after about three years. One of the fiirst 
copies is on tile in the office of the Gazette. The Times was neu- 
tral in politics under Mr. Boynton. F 

Repubucan, July, 1856-1858+ : Established by William Caffrey, 
who strongly advocated the election of John C. Fremont as 
president. Combined with Gazelle. F 

Gazette, 1857-1858+: Established by H. G. Gratton. It was 
soon combined with the Republuan as 

Repubucan and Gazette, +1858+ : Caffrey and Gratton were 
joint publishera until Gratton sold his interest lo Walter Nimocka. 
Caffrey and Nimodcs continued only a short lime. Nimocka 
took his share to Kansas, and Caffrey continued the paper under 
the name of H 

Gazette, + 1S58 to date: In 1861 the Gazette passed into the hands 
of C. M. Worthington and Company. Shortly afterward, Worth- 
ington became the sole proprietor and later, September, 1870, 
sold the office to George Terwilliger. Later he sold back to 
Worthington. In January, 1873. Worthington sold a half in- 
terest to W. F. Eastman and the firm became C. M. Worthington 
and Company. In March, 1876, t^stman became sole editor 



and owner. In four months he sold a half interest to D. J. Jenne. 
The finn of Eastman and Jenne continued until the spring of 
1880, when the Sterling Gazette Company was organized. 
Eastman and Jenne retired and the stock was bought hv Chalkly 
John and William R. Cobb. In 1886 Dennis T. Kelly and 
John W. Lcc purchased the stock, but their unsuccessful man- 
agement brought UiL- company into the hands of W. F. Eastman 
as receiver. He continued to January, 1887. Since that dale 
the owners have been: Chalkly John and H. L. John, January, 
1887, se^'eral years; C, H.J-., and M. D. John, September, 1903; 
OrviJIe P. Bassett and the Sterling Publishing Company, later 
the Sterling Gazette Company, to date. Among the editors of 
the past twenty years have been: W. R, Cobb, Charles M. 
Worthington, Joe R. Adams, M. D. John, Scotl Williams, Or- 
ville P- Bassett, and Edward S. Hoover, editor in 1908. The 
Gazetit was weekly until 18S1, when the daily edition was estab- 
lished. About 1903 a semi-weekly edition replaced the weekly, 
and March, 1907, the semi-wcckly was abandoned. The paper 
has been Repubiicaji for liXty years. Files arc in the office. H 

WniTESinE County Argus, 1867 to date (1869): In 1869 W. S. 
and G. W. Pratt were editors and publishers. The paper was 

Whiteside Curonicle, 1S68-1870; A Republican paper, eatab- 
lislied by Theodore H. and Charles M. Mack. Later T. H. 
Mack purchased the whole paper. In 1S70 he changed it to the 

Standard, 1870 to date: Theodore Mack was editor and publisher 
until 1883, when he sold a half interest to James W. Newcomer 
In 1887 .\lfred Bayliss took the place of Mr. Mack; in 1889 
Thomas Diller bought Mr. Newcomer's interest, and later that 
of Mr. Bayliss, He then took Eugene B. Fletcher into partner- 
ship. In 1906 A. L. Richmond bought the paper and has since 
that time published and edited it. In 1S93 the paper was 
made a daily. 'I'here was also a semi-weekly edition, which 
was abandoned in 1908. The paper is Republican, HU 

Record, 1870-187 i: A monthly devoted to miscellany, essays, 
local items, poetry, and jokes. Conducted only one year by 
Cal\Tn Martin. 

Rock Rivrr Review, 1871: Edited and published by Charles M. 
Mack. Monthly. 

Whiteside Tihes, 1874 to date Ci879) : Dated at Sterling and Rock 
Falls. (See under Rock Falls.) 

BEODAcriTER, 1877 to date: In 1879 and i88o Carl Strack was 
editor and publisher; in 1882 H. ^fatthey, Jr.; L. Oltmanns 
after 18S2 to date (1907). German. Democratic. 





ExpRKSS, January or February, 1857-1866: lidiled by J. D. Mondy, 
1857-1858; J. H. Waggoner and B. B. Haydon, 1858; J. H. 
and E. E. Waggoner, 1858; E. E. Waggoner', 1858-1859; J. H. 
and 1. V. Waggoner, 1859; J. H. Waggoner, 1859; Mr. Wag- 
goner as manager and John R. Ecden, editor. :8s9-i86o. In, 
i860 its publication ceased for awhUc. It was revived by Alfred 
N. Smyser and conducted by him, 1860-1862; Pcrcyinan 
Brothers, i86s-i866 (irregular); Richard Couch, 1866. Changed 
by Joseph H. Waggoner, who owned the paper in 1866, to 

Deuockat, 1866-1869+ : Richard Couch and I. D. Ferryman, 
1866-1S69; Thomas M. BushncU, owing to a chattel mortgage, 
became proprietor and changed the name to 

Progress, +1869 to date: Bushfield, proprietor, W. H. Smyser, 
editor, 1869; P. L. Shutt and Smyser, 1869-187.;); W. H. Smy- 
ser and W. J. Mizc, 187.^-188.1. W. J. Mizc and Company, 
1884; I J. Martin and Company, 1S91 ; I. J. Martin, editor, 
Progress Printing Company publishers in 1895. In 1907 the 
Progress Printing Company were editors and publishers. The 
paper is Democratic. 

MoDLTRiE County Union Banner, 1863 (i86o?)-i867+ : Estab- 
lished by W. M. Stanley. W. A. Ballard was editor and manager 
for one year. Then Mr. Stanley became proprietor and editor. 
In 1867 he sold lo Alvin P. Greene and J. F. Hughes, who 
changed the name to 

Okaw Rhpdbucan, +1867-1870: The withdrawal of Mr. Hughes 
in 1868 left Mr. Greene editor and publisher. In 1870 the olBce 
was sold and removed from the counQr. 

Plaindealer, 1873-1874; B. B. and C. W. Everett were editors 
and proprietors. It was traded to P. W. Shutt, who removed 
the office to Pans. A Republican paper. 

Moultrie County CuRONrcLE, 1874: Established by Cicero V. 
Walls. It was continued for eleven weeks in the interest of the 
"farmers' movement." 

Journal, 1875 to date (1884): Founded by W. A. Chapman, who 
in 1876 sold to A. S. Lindsay and J. W. Rohr. In August, Mr. 
Rohr retired and J. T. Williams became editor. In 1878-1877 
Mr. Williams and W. G. Cambridge; 1877, T. L. McGrath 
and J. C. Stanley; May, 1877-1878, J. C. and W. M. Stanley; 
1878-18S0, J. C. Stanley; 1880, Fred T. Magruder and James 
R. Sedgwick; i88i, Hogg and Baokson; 1884, A. F. Brown. 



Lawrence County Press, November, 1875 to date: An Indepen- 
dent paper, established by James A. Ilger. In April, 1878, he 
sold to C. V. and W. E. \fock. C. P. Mock retired in July, 1878. 
W. K. Mock sold in October, ia79C?) to Z. D. French and A. C. 
Clippinger. They made the paper Republican. After several 
changes in ownership the paper was bought in 1881 by A. C. 
Clippinger, who made it Independent. \V. R. Carlton bought 
it in September, 1881, made it Republican and in iSSs changed 
it to Sumner Press. Carlton died in 1889, and after various 
changes in management, the Press was bought by T. H. Seed, 
who conducted it until August i, 1902, when he sold to James I. 
Wagner, the present editor and publisher. 


Rkpubucan Sentinel, 1854-1858+: Wited by H. A. Uough, 
1854-1857; Daniel Dustin, 1857-1858. Changed to PF 

DiiKalb CotTNTY Republican, + 1858-1861-I- : tidiled by E. L. 
Mayo, Z. B. Mayo, and J. A. Simons. It supported Douglas for 
re-election to the senate. By 1861 the title had been changed 
to Sentinel, under which name ibc paper was sold to F 

Tbde REPtTBUCAN, 1857 to datc: Edited by C. W. Waite, 1858- 
1863; H. L. Boies, 1863-1887; F. O. Van Galder, 1887-18^9; 
Edward I. Boies, 1899 to date. Proprietors: C. W. Waite, 
1857-1858; J. H. Beveridge and Company, 1858-1859; O. P. 
Bassett, 1859-1S62; Mr. Bassett and H. L. Boies, 1862-1865; 
John Xorris and Company, 1865-1868; H. L. Boies, 1868-1874; 
Boies and Taylor, 1874-1875 ; Boies and Armstrong, 1875-1878; 
Boies and Peck, 1878-1880; Boies and Hartman, 1880-1884; 
tJ. L. Boies and Company, 1884-1887; Van Galder and Boies, 
1887-1899; Edward I. Boies and C. H. Bucks, 1899-1900; E. 
I. Boies. 1900-1907; E. I. Boies and A. H. Rasch, 1907 to date. 
It was issued weekly until December, 1869; since then semi- 
wedtly. Files are in the office. From 1861, after the Sentinel 
was absorbed, to about the close of the war, the paper was known 
as the PF 

Republican and Sentinsl, 1861-1865: (See True Republican). 
Changed back to True Republican. P 

Reforuer, 1870-1874+: In 1874 Arnold Brothers were editors 
and publishers. .Vfonthly. Methodist. Changed to 

Rkfokmrk and Free Press, +1874-1876+ : Published by Arnold 
Brothers. "A sprightly family paper. Outspoken upon all 
the popular sins of tne day.'* It became U 


Free Metetodist, +1876-1880+ : A Methodist weekly, edited and 
publjaheti l»y D. P. Baker and T. B. Arnold, who moved it from 
Aunira (which sec). In 1880 k was moved to Chicago. Charles 
B. Ebey was editor and S. K. J. Chesbro publisher in 1907 
Since July 15, 1907, J. T. Logan has been editor and W. B. Rose, 
publisher. The cdilurs and publishers are elected quadrennially. 

Peakl, i87i(?)-- — -(i*): A Sundav school monthly edited and 
published by D. P. Baker and T.'B. Arnold. U 

DeKaiji County Farukk, 1871-1872; Volaski HLx was editor and 
publisher. The paper was discontinued after one year. U 

City Weekly, 1872-1892: Edited by Volaski Hix, 1874-1878; 
Hix and Van Galder, 1878-1887; Hix and Sonji, 1887-1893; 
L. P. Hix, 1893-1902. The pai>er was changed to the Sycamore 
Tribune, 1903 to date, edited and published since Oclober, 1904, 
by George L. Anderson. Semi-weekly since April, 1902. 
Republican. U 

Christian Pilgrim, 1873-1876; Non-sectarian monthly, "opposed 
to all the sins, superfluities, and formalism of the age." M. F. 
Manley and N. T. Frame were editors; Baker and Arnold, 
publishers. tJ 

Fkee Press, 1878-1879: A daily established by Davis, Manning, 
and Russell. 


Enterprise, 1874-1875: Established by Thrapp Brothers; D. H. 
Cooke was editor and publisher. 


Egyptian Spy, i86i(?): Listed, without details, in Kenny's An;€n- 
can Newspaper Directory for 1861. 

Perky County Watchman, 1870-1872+: Established by a stock 
company with L. E. Knapp and H. W. .^dams as editors and 
publishers. In 1872 D. C. Barber obtained control of the stock 
and leased the ollicc to H. F. Monlrcssor, who changed the name 
to U 

Enterpkise, +1872 ^(?): Short-lived. The material was 

leased to E. W. Koonce, who changed the name to 

.Star (?) {?): Short-H\'ed. The office went into the 

hands of F. A. Allison, who established the 

Item, (?) (?): Mr. Allison was succeeded by Ciirlee 

Brothers. After a short time, Mr. Barber sold the office to 
persons in Murphysboro. 

Perky County Watchman. January, i874-(after 1S76): An Inde- 
pendent paper edited by A. V. Wiiloughby and Company. U 



Pekry County Prkss, 1879-1881: An Independent paper, estab- 
lished by Curlee Brothers. In 1881 it was remove*! to DuQuoin, 
where it was issued as the DuQuoin Press. 


ToBNADO. 1876 to date: Established by A. D. ilill and Charles F. 
Gifford. During the first year it was printed at I'rophetstown. 
At the end of the first year Mr. Gifford l>ecamc sole owner, and 
continued so to 1900. A. D. Hi!l then conducted it for one 
month and sold to Geor;ge Isherwood, editor and proprietor to 
date. The paper is Independent. Files are available at the 


Inoepkndext pRiiss, 1858-1868: F^ited by Benjamin Wintera. 
The press on which this paper was ])rintcd had done duty in 
the ofBce of the Missouri Republican as early as t8o8, the first 
number of which paper was printed on it. In 18.^1 it was used 
in establishing the Sangamo Journal in Springfield, Illinois. 
Democratic. F 

Journal, 1859- 

-(?): Published by Carr, Van Kirk, and Com- 
Short-lived. Democratic. 

Flag, July, 1864-1870+ : Established by the Union League, a 
Republican political orgaaization,asa party organ. J. D. Goudy 
was manager and editor. After three weeks, Paul Conner 
was put in charge^ soon purchased the office and became sole 
editor and proprietor, in which capacity he continued until 
April, [86&, when J. J. Squier purchased an interest. The firm 
remained Conner and Squier until November, 1866, when Squier 
purchased Conner's interest, becoming editor and publisher. 
In .November, 1870, he changed the name of the Flag to 

Illinois Repubucan, ^November, 1870 to date (1881): W. B. 
Squier joined his brother, J. J. Squier, on the RepubOcan, and the 
firm continued Squier Brothers until March. 1874. Partnership 
was dissolved at this time, J. J. Squier remaining editor and 
publi3hcr to date (1881). The paper was Republican. U 

Saturday Repubucan: August, 1876 to date (1881); Establislied 
by John J. Squier; an adjunct to the Iliinois Republican, and 
published Jrom that ofTicc. 

Christian County Deuocsat, August, 1868-1874+ : Established 
with the support of the Democratic party, by John J. Smith, 
who remained editor and publisher until November of that year. 
James Suttle, November, r86S, to September, 1869; S. P. Davis 
and F. L. Powers, September, 1869-February 1 1, 1871. W. T. 



Martia then purchased the paper. la May. 1874^ the words, 
Christian County were dropped and the paper has since been 
known as the TajiorviUe 

Deuocrat, + 1874-1900: Established by W. T. Martin, sole editor 
and publisher until Oeorge W. Weber became a partner Au- 
gust, 1875. Mr. Weber retired in June, 1877. Januarj-, 1880, 
Martin sold to Benjamin A. and Philip A. Richards. Richards 
was succeeded by J. F. I lamer, he by Vincent Koy and he by C. 
\. Walls. In 1900 the Detw>rrat was bought by the Courier 
and merged with that paper. U 

Chhistain County Real Estate Advertiser, 1870; Issued by 
Shumway and Brother. Monthly. 

Indepkndknt, March. 1875-January, 1876: Kstablished by Messrs. 
Mallory and Danley, proprietors, with R. V. Mallory as editor. 
After thirteen numbers, ^e editor turned over the business to 
Noyes B. Chaj)man, who continued the publication, with C. F. 
Tucker as editor, until July ^o, 1875. From that date, M. A. 
Bates published and edited the I ruk pendent until it was discon- 
tinued January 14, 1876. This paper was the organ of the Gran- 
ger and Greenback clement of Christian county and was revived 
as such in March, 1876, under the name of 

Farmers' Journal, March, 1876 to date (1907): Resurrected from, 
the Independeni by Lewis and Brown, publishers and editors, 
August 31, 1876, the oiEce came into the possession of J. F 
Hamer, and E W. Anderson became editor. After publishing 
the Journal one year, Mr. Harncr changed the lone from Gran- 
ger and Greenback to Democratic, which it remained till dis- 
continued. In 1S80 J. V . Harner and Company were pub- 
lishers and Anderson and Hamer, editors. It was afterward 
changed to Journal; A. D. Webb, editor and proprietor. It 
was discontinued after 1907. 


Courier, 1S67-1873: A Republican paper, edited and published 
in 1869 by D. McCoy. C. £. BronTi was editor and publisher 
101870-1871; Peter Holman and Company, 1873-1873. Printed 
at the office of the Lanark Curroll County Gazette. 

JouRNAi,, 1873-1876: Edited and published by Peter Holmanj 
printed at the ofHce of the Fulton Journal. A Republican paper. 

News, 1873 to date C1874): Edited and published by Dode Green. 

ViiiAGE Echo, 1874 to date (1876): A Republican paper edited 
and published by W. G. Tate. Printed at the office of the Mount 
Carroll Carroll County Mirror. 






Independent, February', 1856- May, 1857: Independent in p«jlitics. 

Established by George L. Karl (George HalU). 
Register, Scpiembtrr, 1876-1877: Established by D. B. Sherwood. 


Register, September. 1876-1877: Kstablished by 1). B. Sherwood. 

Democrat, 185^ lo date; In 1907 George Barton and L. M. Wcxxl 
were editors und tjublishers. Democratic in politics. 


Otizen, 1869-1870: Established by John S. Harper, editor and 
publisher. Printed at the oflicc of the Homer Journal. 

Herald, 1875 to date: Established by E. J. and E. B. Chapin. E. 
J. Chapin, the father, was publisher, the son was editor. In 
1S77 the propriet<irship passed to E. B. Chapin. In iS^r he 
sold to A. B. Campbell, who is still editor and publislier. The 
paper has always been Republican. U 


Register, 1870-1871: Established and conducted by O. J. and 
L. W. Dimmick. 

Local, i87i-i877(?J: Edited by Little and Taylor, 1871-1873: 
Alfred Heath, 1874-1876; William A. Elint, 1877. 

News, 1874 to date: In 1878, under the management of J. W. 
Richardson and William A. McGrew, it was made a strictly local 
paper. In 1879 Mr. Richardson was editor, and Richardson 
and McGrew were publishers. In i8S^^ Mr. Richanls<in became 
sole owiier and continued publication to 1901. when he took his 
son into partnership. Since 187.'* an edition for Lostant has 
been published, called th e Lostant I^cal, A complete file of 
the A'ta'j since 1878 is kept, btmnd, in the oflire, and another at 
the house of J. W. Richardson. The La Salle County his- 
tory states that the .Vctt'j was started as a semi-monthly in 1872, 
by C. .M. Kellar, who enlarged it in 1873 and in 1875 sold it to 
William A. McGrew, J. W. Richardson purchasing a hali 
interest in 1878. 


PfcxtRiE Advocate, 1856-1857+ : Established by John G. Hewitt 

and John Smith, the latter retiring soon. In spring of 1857 Mr. 

Hewitt sold to Rev. R. C. Dunn, who changed it lo 
Stark Coctnty News, + 1S57-1860: Mr. Dunn soon sold to Messrs. 

Henderson and Whitaker, and its publication was continued 

somewhat irregularly by Dr. S. S. Kayshier. 



Stark Coitkty Union, i86i : Established on the ruins of the Stark 
County Neuts, in the fall of 1861, by W. H. Butler, who 
abandoned (he enterprise after a few months. Neutral in 

Stark County News, i86^:( to date: Established by S. S. Kaysbier 
in the office of the original Stark County Ne-jjs. Mr. Kaysbier 
published it frum the spring of 1863 to Januar>' t, 1864, when he 
took into partnership Oliver White. In the first number pub- 
lished by the two partners. White had a brief editorial on Lincoln 
as a candidate for a second term as president. This is said to be 
the first public mention of Lincoln's name in this connection in 
the whole countr)*. From the summer of 1864 to the fall of 1868 
White conducted the paper alone; fall of t868, to spring of 
1869, \\Tiitc and Joseph Smetliurst; spring of i86g for a few 
months Joseph Smethurst and Edwin Butler. Edwin Butler, 
from fall of 1S69 till after 1884; G. A. Monteith, 1891 ; Charles 
T. Henderson, editor, J. E. Henderson, publisher in 1895. ^^ 
publican in politics. 

Stahk County Democrat, t86o: the organ of the Douglas Club 
of Stark County during the campaign of i860. First appeared 
in July, i860; Mr. Schatlcnbcrger, editor. Democratic in poli- 
tics; jts career ended with the defeat of Dauglas in tS6o. 

Stark Coctnty Demockat, 1867 (?)+: Established by a com- 
pany of Democrats, August. 1867; Seth Rockwell, publisher, 
M. Schallenberger, editor. Rockwell was succeeded after one 
year by Benjamin W. Seaton. Schallenberger after two years 
was also succeeded by Seaton, who took entire control and 
changed the name of the paper to 

Fbatrie Chief, +1869-1872-1-; Mr. Seaton conducted the paper 
until April, 1872, when Hcniy M Hall succeeded him and re- 
named the paper 

New Era, +1872-1875: Henry M. Hall was editor and publisher. 

MoLLYSTAaK, 1876 (?): Published by Oliver While. Repub- 
lican in politics. Tri-weekly. 

Herald, 187S-1S80+: Edited and published by E. H. Phelps, 
who removed it to Wyoming in 1880. He sold it in 1883 to Ar- 
thur Hotchkiss, who iu turn sold to William R. Sandham in 1885. 
Sandhani combined it with the Post. Semi-weekly. Republican. 


Tazewell Whig, 1S35-1848: Edited by Briggs and Famham ; 
later by P. H. Thompson (sec Mirror, Peldn), Vol. 3 is in the 
Withers Public Library, Bloomington. B 



Tazfwell Democrat, October, 1843 (?): Edited by W. H. 

Leonard; published by J. A. Nason. 


Courier, 1873-1875: Edited and publii^hed by E. H. Elliff. 


Wkekly Bullktin, February, 1873-1884: Established by James 
N. Jarvia, who continued the publication to 18H1. Then he sold 
to George Armstrong and Joseph S. Umberger. In three nionlhs 
they sold to Henr)* B. Monis.%. In 1882 Moniss sold to Dr. F. A. 
Sabin. In September, 1883, Mr. Jatvis established the Troy 
Record, and in the spring of 1884 bought the BuiUtin, merged the 
two plants and discontinued the publication of the BnUHin. The 
motto of the paper was, "Independent in all things; neutral in 
nothing." Files from 1873-1881, excepting that of 1876, acci- 
dentally destroyed, are in the possession of Mr. Jarv-is. 


News, i87i-i884(?): J. Russell Smith was editor and publisher, 
1871-1883; J. J. Duukelberg, 1884. Printed at the office of 
the Whealon lUinoisan. 


Press. i859-(short-lived); Proprietor left between two days. 

Shield, r86i(?): Listed, without details, in Kenny's Anwuan 
Newsftaper Directory for 1861. 

Journal, 1864 lo date: Established by Siler and Amasa S. Lindsey, 
who were succeeded b) Williams in 1876. It was edited and 
published in 1879 by C. M. Walls. In 1881 George Glassco 
conducted the paper; afterward, '"Tom" Williams and a Mi. 
Glassco. It was owned and conducted in 1898 by A. C. 
Sluss. In 1907 C. R. Truitt was editor and publisher. Re- 

Douglas County Shield, 1865-1867: Established by the Sellers 

Union, — ~(?) (?): Established by a Mr, Gregory. Not a 


INDEPENDE.VT STATESMAN, 1868 Xo dale (1889): Edited and pub- 
lished by A. Sellers. Democratic. 

Douglas County Review, 1875 to date: Established by Converse 
and Parks. In 1877 Colonel Phecian became editor. Fie was 
succeeded in six months by Major Asa Miller, who managed the 
paper up to 1893, when he sold to Charles W. Wilson. Demo- 
cratic, yet papular among Republicans. 

Gazette, 1872-1875 : O. B. Lester was editor and publisher. 




Qui Vive, i868-i877(?): A college paper, edited by the students 
of Shurtleff College- Monthly. 

CoLLKce Review, i879-(?): Frank J. Merchant and John L. 
Pearson, editors. Issued by Shurtleff College students. Monthly. 
(See Alton for other papers.) 


Union, 1852-1862: Established by William N. Coler and H. K. 
Damj edited by W. N. Coler, 1852-1853; J. O. Cuiuiingham 
and Benjamin Roney, 1853-1854; in 1854 Roney disappeared 
and George N. Richards entered the firm. Id 1855 he sold to 
George W. Flj-nn. A branch ofiice was op>ened in West Urbana, 
now Champaign, in 1857, In 185S Ihe papier was sold to David 
S. and Charles K. Crandall, who moved it to Champaign in 1859. 
In 1852 the Union advocated the election of Pierce for president, 
but in 1856 it took grounds with the anli-slavery party and was 
thereafter Republican. Files of the Union from vol. i, no. 37, 
to August, 1858. are in possession of J. O. Cunningham of 
Urbana. F 

Our CoNSTrruTTOs, July, 1856-1859: A Democratic paper estab- 
lished by Jacob Zimmerman and George N. Richards, with the 
former as editor. In the fall of 1S59 the paper was removed to 
Champaign and soon discontinued. Files complete owned by 
J. O. Cunningham. 

Clarion, October, 1859-1860: Established by Erastus A. Munger 
and Lyman E. Knapp. Sold to \Villi:im Munhall, who changed 
it from a neutral to a Democratic pajM;r and the name to Hickory 
Boy. Partial 61ea owned by J. O. Cunningham. 

Hickory Bov, 1860-1861 ; Published In* William Munhall and 
edited b) J. W. Jaquith. .Sup[xjrted Douglas in the campaign 
of i860. Partial files owned by J. O. Cunningliam. 

Champaign County Democrat, 1861-1862+ : Published by Wil- 
liam Munhall. The name 0/ the Democrat was changed No- 
vember, 1863, to 

Champaign County Patriot, +1862-18A5: But was published 
under both names by William Munhall as an ardent Union organ 
and supjxjrler of Lincoln. Sus|>ended about the close of the 
Civil War, and material used in the publication of the 

Champaign County Juurnal, January, 1866-1867; A Demo- 
cratic paper established by Daniel McKenzie and George W. 
Gere. Sold in April to Jar^-is D. Hurd; after one year B. B. 
Andrews bought an interest. Suspended in the autumn of 1867 




Ilunois Democrat, 1867--1871: P. Lodirie was editor and pub- 

Tocsin, 1869-1870+ : Established and published by Frank M. 
Snyder; M. W. Mathews was editor. In 1870 changed to 

Repubmcav, +1870-1878; 18H0: I'ublished and edited by Frank 
M. Snyder. Burned in October, 1871, publiratinn was resumed 
in December; ti'Umed in 1874 and again resumed; burned in 
1878 and suspended until 1880, when publication was resumed 
and continued some* munths. Then the property was sold to 
Rev. David Gay, who soon removed it. U 

Stuuknt, November, 1871-1873+: A monthly, edited and pub- 
lished by studenbt in the Illinois Industrial University. At 
the beginning of Vol. 3 the name was changed to U 

Illini, +January, 1874 in date: Edited and publislied by students 
in Illinois Industrial liniversity, later University of Illinois. No 
place of publication was indicated after the change of name until 
the beginning of vol. 10, Seiitember 16. 1880. Then the IlUni 
was issued from Champjn'gn, and became semi-monthty. With 
vol. 23, b^inning September lA, 1H93, it became weekly; with 
vol. 29, beginning September 20, 1899, it became tri-weekly; 
with vol. 32, beginning September 17, 1902, it became daily 
five days a week, increased to six with vol. 35, beginning Sep- 
tember 30, T905. Beginning with vol. 34, the IlUni has been 
pulilished in IJrbana. U 

YorNC .-Vmebica,. iS72((') {f}: An amateur monthly pub- 

li5he<i in 1872 by Gregory and Smith. 

Champaign County Hf.rald, 1877 1906+ : Established by S. C- 
Harris and .Andrew Lewis. After a few weeks Lewis bought ou* 
Harris. In 1879 lie sold to M. \V. Mathews and C. B. Taylor 
In 1 881 Taylor sold tu Mathews, who continued editor and pub- 
lisher until his death in 1892. Judge J. O. Cunningham has said 
"Mr. Mathews gave to the HeruW a reputation second to no coun- 
try paper in the slate of Illinois, and achieved for himself a high 
reputation as a newspaper man." Through most of the time 
that Mr. Mathews was editor, L. .A. McLean was manager 
and an editorial writer. Mr. McLean became editor in 189a 
and fonlinueci until 1902. He was succeeded by John Gray. 
In i9o() the papci was merged with the Courier (established 
1894) as CourUr-eraldif, F. E. Pinkerton and G. W. Martin, 


EKTKRfRiSE, 1876-1877: Established by D. L. Hennessey; printed 
in Peru ; discontinued after one year. Monthly. 



January', 1833, Judge Hall moved to Cincinnati, where he pub- 
lished Thi iVesitrrn Monthly Afagazine, a Continuation of the 
Illinois Monthly Magazine until Defember, 1835. Hall was the 
chief contributor, and in such arlides as Notes on Illinois, People 
and Manners, and Customs of the West, and in essays un educa- 
tional topics, stories such as The Missionaries, The Indian Wife's 
Lament, The Money Diggers, and many puems, he realized tlie 
ideal suggested in an article on Periodicals which he published 
in the numljer for April, 1831 : "Our editors have become too 
formal and stately, and fastidious. . . , Instead of the 
infinite variety of topics, which once gave interest to works of 
this description, nothing is now admitted but reviews, tales and 
poetry. . , . Nothing will go down but trifles, cold, formal, 
and empty. ... 1 am much better pleased with the good 
old-fa.'ihioned magazines .... within whose well furnished 
pages, the reader, whatever might be his taste, was sure to End 
something agreeable." Among those who helped to satisfy in 
the |>ages of the Monthly the varied tastes of Itlinoisans were 
Morris Birkbeck, John Sf. Peck, Governor Edward Coles, Dr. 
Asa Fitch, George Russell, and Salmon P. Chase. "The Illi- 
nois Monthly Magazine was one of the most tj'pical of the western 
journals," remarks William C. Cairns, in his monograph On 
the Dci'clopmnit oj American Literature jrom 18 1$ to l8^J. 
" Raw and crude as the West was, there is a fin de siicle tone 
to these publications that is not found in the eastern magazines." 
Vol. I is in the Cham|>aign Public Library. HL 

Illinois Whig, 1831-1832+ : Edited byS. C.Sherman. Ilbecame 

Vahdalia Whig .\nc Iu-inois Ii^telugencek, + March 28, 1832- 
l834(?): A combination of Illinois Whig and lUinais Intdli- 
geruer. Greiner and Sherman were editors and publishers in 
1833-1833; S. C. Sherman in 1834. Continued until 1S39, 
according to the Wisconsin list. No copies later than 18^4 are 
found. SAEH 

Gazette, 1831 (?). 

Iltinois Advocate, +January ^.-April 13, 1833+ ; A Whig paper 

moved from EdwardsviUe by John York Sawyer. Title 

changed to ASH 

Illinois AnvorATF. and State Register, +April 13, r833-April 

15. '835 + ; Conducted under this title by John York Sawyer 

until April 15, 1835, when title was changed to 

Illinois Advocate, +April 15, 1835-March 8. 1836+ : Semi- 
weekly. Continued by John York Saw>*er until his death, March 
8, 1836, when the property was bought by William Walters and 
the publication resumed as ESHAU 


Illtnois State Register antj Ilunois Anvoc\TE, + March 25- 
June 17, 1836+: Published by WiUiam Walters as a Demo- 
cratic organ. He dropped Illinois Advocate from the title, and 
substituted SHA 

Illinois State Register and People's Advocate, +June 24, 
i836-August 2, 1839+ : Walters continued the publication in the 
support of Democracy until August 2, iS.ig, when it was moved 
to Springfield, where publication was resumed on August io(?). 
1839, as Illinois .St<ilc Register. Wallers did the public printing 
under contract with Selh T. Sawyer for the bcnc&t of die widow 
of John York Sawyer, until at the legislative session of 1836- 
1837, Walters was elected public printer. SA 

Illinois State RnoLSTitR, February 11 -March 18, 1836+ : Estab- 
lished by William Walters, and by him combined with JUinois 
Adi'ocaie on March 25, 1836. S 

Free Press, May 13, 1836-1837+ : William Hodge was editor, 
Hodge and Shrader, publishers. Between March and Octoljer, 
1837, the title was changed to AH 

Free Press avd Illinois Wine, +i837-i84i(?): William Hodge 
was editor and publisher until the fall of 1839, when Hodge and 
Abbott were publishers. The paper was suspended far a while 
in the fall of 1839. It seems that James Kcnnaday bought the 
paper in 1841 and discontinued it for about two years. H 

Freeman, June, 1842 (?): Edited and published by James 

Kennaday. This paper was violently opposed to Ford'scandidacy 
for governor. It accused him of being a Mormon sympathiser 
and in favor of transferring fourteen northern counties to Wis- 
consin, that they might escaiJc the state debt. Duncan was its 
candidate. Probably short lived, or became Free Press. A 

Free Pres.s, 1843 (?): A rc\'tval of the earlier Free Press. 

James Kcnnaday was publisher, Q. C. Ale.\ander and James 
Rcnnaday editors until July 30, 1844, when Alexander withdrew. 
Violently Whig. H 

OuvE Leaf, 1843-1845: Edited by Kellam and Lothrop. It was 
a Baptist journal but also had a secular department. 

Illinois Sentinel, November 8, i83g-i846(?): Edited by John 
McDonald. Democratic. A 

Baptist Helmet, November 8, i844-i845(?): Establi.shed by S. 
K. Kellam. who at first was edilor and publi.slier. E. W. Young 
soon became associated with Kellam in publishing the Helmet 
According to iLs motto, the paper was 'devoted to religious truth 
and practical godliness." It gave much space to general news, 
and was unusually moderate and sane. H 



Fayette Yeoman and Railkoad Journal, June 23, i849-(after 
May 3. 1851): Established, edited, and published by James 
Kennaday. Eminently insipid. It was friendly to the admin- 
istration, but shows no traces of political interest. Before No. 
ig the title was changed by droppinj^ iitui Railroad JourmU. H 

Age OF Steam ANij Fire, i852-i854 + (?): Edited and published ia 
Augasl, 1853, by H. P, H. Bromwell, who either discontinued 
it or f-hanged the title to Age oj Steam. F 

Ace of Steam, April 9, 1854-1855+: Apparently establisiied by 
H. P. H. Bromwell, it was by the seventh number published by 
Morras and Russell, with W. P. Mnrras a? editor. Then Morras 
withdrew, and after a brief suspension Thomas J. Kussell alone 
continued the publication with no. 9, which apjjearcd July 15, 
1854, until after June 33, 1855. Disclaiming political parti^an- 
.ship, the paper showed Whig tendencies, but was especially not- 
able for its distinctly litcrarj- tone. It is said in the histury of 
Fayette county that the paper passed into the possession of H. 
P. H. Bromwell, who styled it A ze of Sieam ant) Fire,^ and that 
he later sold to Tevis Greathouse, whu changed the name to H 

Fayette Observer, +1855-1862: Edited by Tevis Greathouse 
(with a brief intermission during which time it was edited by Mr. 
Davis), 1855-1859; Messrs. Sturgess and HicJcman, 1859-1863. 
It represented Democracy until i860 when it became Repub- 
lican. F 

Fayettk Democrat, 1858 to date : Founded by some leading Demo- 
crats of the place, and placed under the management of Messrs. 
Carman and Fl)*nn. The publication was very irregular until 
it came into the bands of Charles O. Smith in 1863. Charles 
G. Smith and Son are the present editors and publishers. 

Vandalian, February 27. 1858 (?); Edited and published 

by G. B. Miller and N. C. Davis. F 

Union, April, 1864 to date: Established by H. S. Humphrey. In 
1868 Humphrey sold a half interest to Will Richards. They 
sold in 1887 to Ijon S. Matherly and J. V. Saylcs, who sold in 
1893 to T. N., Ira D., and Jesse Lakin, who under the name 
of T. N". Lakin and Sons still conduct the paper. Republican. 


Fayette County News. February, 1878-1881: H. K. Miller was 
editor and publisher. Sold after nearly three years to Rudolph 
Ernst, who removed it. Republican. H 

Ilunoi;; Medical Recokdek, 1878-1880: R. E. Beach, M.D., 
was editor and publisher in 1879. Medical monthly. 

■This fttat«menl in Uiir county history is probably emtnraui. Existing 
numbers of th« two popen thow tbftt Aiu of Suam and Fiu precerfed At* of 
Suam. A •ccond chnn^ u ioiprabBble. — P, W. S. 




CoimiEH, 1870-1872: Established by Andrew J. Bell; Bell and 

Wilson were editors and publishers in 1872. 
JotiRN.u., 1873: Edited and published by E. V. Baldwin. 

Watch Tower, i86i( ?): Listed without details in Kenny's Ameri- 
can Newspaper Directory for 1861. 

Chronicle, j87o-i879( ?)-i88i to date. Established by George L. 
and Edward P. Durell. F. P. Hallowell was editor for four or 
five months, when George L. Durrell purchased his brother's 
interest and became editor and proprietor. W. L. Ketchum 
purchased the paper in 1879, but withdrew in a short time. G. 
L. Durell resumed his former post. Later (in 1879) A. D. Sta- 
pfeford was editor and publisher. The paper was evidently 
discontinued, and in i88r revived by E. P. and G. L. Durell. 
Republican. In 1907 C. M. Men-er was editor and publisher. 

Herald, 1869-1870: A Republican paper edited and published by 
£. C. Bennet. 


Weekly Independknt, July, 1877-1878: Twenty-nine numbers 
were published at irrej^ular intcn'als. Walker and Mchl were 
editors and proprietors. 


Egyptian Artkry, 1S65-1873+ : Wright and Company were 

editors and publishers. Republican. Name changed to 
Johnson County Herald, +1873: Published by Wright and 

Company. Republican. 
Johnson County Jour-nal, 1874 to dale (1891); A. J. Alden was 

editor and publisher in 1874-1875; W. E. Chitwood was editor, 

J. J. Penny, publisher, 1876; J. B. Chapman, 1877; Milton A. 

Smith, 1879-1891. Independent. By 1891 it had become an 

exponent of Prohibition. In 18S1 this paper was dated also 

from New Bumside. U 

Johnson Couvty Yeoman, 1874 to date (1879): John T. Keith 

was editor and publisher in 1876; T. G. Karris, Jr., 1877-1S79. 

Democratic. U 

News, 1873-1874: Geoige W. Johnston was editor and publisher. 
Times, 1879 to date: A. K. Vickera and Brother were editors and 

publishers in 1880; Edward Morton. 1882; T. J. Parker, 1884. 

In 1885 William Henry Gilliam and G. W. Ballance bought the 

paper. W. H. Gilliam was editor and publisher in 1891 and is 

90 at present. Republican. 




Record, August, iS66, to date: Kstahlished by Reynolds and Mil- 
ton. After six months of intermittent solvenc)' they Siild to a Mr. 
Johnson, who in October sold one half interest to W. F. Thomp- 
son, and in November sold the other half to E. L. Rich. 
Thompson bought out Rich in 1870, and in 1879 was still owner 
and publisher. In August, 1&85, Thompson sold a half interest 
to E. P. Kimball, and in 1887 Kimball became and has contin- 
ued sole owner and editor, .\eutral, then Democratic. 

News, April, 1872 1874: Established by R. H. Ballingcr and John 
Frank. Publication ceased after a year. Revived by A. M. 
Barker, April, i873(?) and continued till August, 1S74. A 
Republican paper. 

CONSEKVAXIVE, March- June, 1868: Edited and owned by George 
H. Hulliday and publialied by the Macoupin Printing Company. 
A Ucmocratic paper. 

Rewjrteb, [879 to date: Established by A. M. Barker, who pub- 
lished it one year; then A. G. David and Company one year; 
E. P. Kimball, one year; B. Brown one year; then George H. 
Sewall until 1897, when he sold to John R. Underwood, who still 
is editor and publisher. A Republican paper. 


Obser\tr, April 12, 1848-1849: A Democratic paper established 
*'by Henry H. Hall, and two or three other young men, for the 
advancement of the town." Mark W. Delabay was editor, and 
A. S. Tildcn after a time did the rest of the work connected with 
issuing the paper, John J. Ingalls assisted Delahay for a few 
weeks. At the end of a year the plant was sold to Tilden, who 
removed it to Naples. U 

Owl, 1848-1849: A scandal -mongering "society" paper published 
in the winter of 1848-1849 by a compositor named Dcdrich. 

Cass County Times, September 9, 1856-1859; Established by 
Richard S. Thomas as a neutral In politics to prumtite tlic interests 
of a proposed railroad of which he was president. He sold early 
in 1R58 to John Bradley Thompson, who employed Rev. J. S. 
McDowell to edit, and Robert M. Taggart to publish the sheet. 
This arrangement continued until late in 1858, when Thompson 
sold to Ta^art. In the fall of 1859 the paper was suspended 
and the plant reverted to Thomas, who sold it to Hczekiah 

Cass County Indepesdent, January-, i86o-.^pril. 1861: Estab- 
lished by ilezekiah Naylor and Lafayette tiriggs. At tirst the 
paper was neutral in politics, but Bnggs soon withdrew to permit 



Naylur to make it radically Republican. R. S. Thomas was at 
this lime, accurding to Dr. John F. Snyder, editor sub-rosa. 
The paper suspended puhlicatioo in April, 1861, and was removed 
by Naylor to Pekin. 
Cass Cijunty Union. August, 1860-1864: Founded by Democrats, 
including Jacob Dunaway , J acob Ward, Wi 1 1 iam Petefish ; 
edited and managed by Lafayette Briggs. Briggs le/t the paper 
in 1863 and was succeeded by Steams DeWitt Rich, who stayed 
by the paper until its death in the spring of 1864. 

Cass Count\- Democbat. May 8, 1866-1868+ : Established by 
M. B. Friend, editor and publisher, backed by N. B. Beers, 
Sam Petelisli, and '•Bill" EasJey. After six months M. B. 
Friend and Charles H. Whitaker were publishers and proprietors, 
but Whitaker soon passed on. In June, 1867, Friend sold to 
James A. Martin, and the paper was then issued by Martin and 
John W. (Jill, (iill soon disappeared. O. T. Roderick became 
publisher, J. K. Vandemark, editor. Roderick and Vandemark 
soon disappeared. Martin withdrew his su])[>i»rl as " proprietor," 
and i\. B. Beers and Company leased the establishment to J. G, 
Fuss and J. N. Gridlc)*, Fuss was editor and Gridley business 
manager. I'o avoid complications with Martin, who indicated 
a desire to continue a paper under the title oi Democrat, the name 
was changed by Fuss and Gridley to 

Cass County Times. + 1 868- January, 1870: Conducted by J. G. 
Fuss, editor, and J. N. Gridley, manager, until November, i86g, 
after which date it was continued by Beers and Company, with 
j. K. Vandemark as editor until January, 1870. 

Cass County Courier, July 25, 1866-1870+ : A Republican paper 
established by John S. Harper, editor. After a few numbers 
L. S. Allard appeared as editor and proprietor. In 1867 he 
turned the paper over to LcRoy Carpenter, who was succeeded 
by H. C. AUard, son of L. S. Allard in 1868, and in 1870 the name 
was changed to 

Virginia Courieb, +November, 1870-October, 1871 + : By 
October, 1S71 , H. C. .\llard had become owner as well as editor^ 
and 1I1C name was changed back to 

Cass County CouRiiiK, +October, 1S71-1872+: Allard sold an 
inlercsl in the paper to N. M. l'ur\'iance, but soon bought it back. 
The paper declined. Allard stild a half interest to Matthew 
Summers in 1872, and they continued the paper as 

Gazeite, +Fcbruary 23, 1872 to date: W. M. Summers and H. 
C. Allard were editors and publishers. March 14. 1S73, Allard 
sold tt> Summers. In August, 1875, Summers sold an interest 
to Joseph Anderson, who became associated with Summers as 



one of the publislicre. Summers died late in 1875 or early in 1876. 
The paper suffered a brief suspension, but resumed on February 
36, 1S76, with A. M. Bruwnlce and H. C. Atlard as editors. 
Altard withdrew in August, 1877; Brownlec sold to Trevanyon 
L. Mathews and a Mr. Thacker; Mathews, :878; H. C. Allard, 
1879-1881. Allard sold in April, 1881, to C. M. Tinney, who 
has conducted the Guzetlc since that time. Republican. 

jKFrERSONiAN, April a, 1870-December, 1873: Established by 
John J. Bunce and run by him alone for eighteen months; then 
by Bunce and S. L, CJannaway until September, 1872; then by 
Bunce until the paper was discontinued, December a6, 1873. 

Enquirer, July 3, 1S75 to date: Established by Reemtsen and 
Company (Reemtsen and John S. Harper). After nine weeks 
Harper was alone as editor and publisher. He sold in No- 
vember [0 a syndicate composed of Nacc Skiles, "Bill" Kaslcy, 
Charles A. Crandall, Cash Whitney, Sam Petefish and others. 
and the paper was continued by Thomas M. ThompsoUf editor; 
J. J. Bunce, publisher; Charles A. Crandall, manager. After 
a few weeks the syndicate sold to W. T. Dowdall; William T. 
Dowdall and Company became publishers and I-'orrest H. 
Mitchell manager in January, 1876. R. E. Lauren succeeded 
Mitchell in September. Duwdall sold to John I'*rank, March 
23, 1877, and J. M. Beatty became editor for a short time. 
I-'rauk left in September. 1882; K. H. Norfolk was editor until 
March 29, 1884: then J. M. Beatty until N'ovember 15. 1890, 
when he sold to Charles A. and William A. SchalTcr. The last 
named dn>pped out in April, 1891; in September 26, 1891, 
Charles A. SchatTer sold to Finis K. Downing. He was succeed- 
ed by his son H. F. Dawning, September 7, 1899, who was edi- 
tor and publisher until March 2, 1903, when Downing and Al- 
bert E. Hinners became editors and publishers. Democratic. 
A daily was starterl September 23, i88i, but continued three 
days only. 

Temperance Bugle, July, 1876-February 27, 1879: Established 
by Albert F. Smith as a monthly. After eight numbers it was 
i.'isued semi-monthly, December 1, 1876-August 1, 1878, then 

Harper's Wkekly Herald, May 21, 1878-1879; Established by 
J. Sterling (otherwise John S.) Harper "as an advertising sheet 
especially, and a political feeler in general " Moved away in 
the summer of 1S79. 



Motor, July, 1876, to date (i&gS): Established by S. J. Townsend. 
In 1879 Vosburgh and Chaddock were editors and publishers. 
John I. Vosbixrgh was editor and publisher in i38o; in 1882, 
C. G. Glenn. In i88j the paper passed into the hands of 
William Wilson, who was still conducting It in i&gi ; W. ij. 
Mayhall in 1895-1898. Files of \fotor were burned in July, 
1 890. Independent. 


Repubucan, 1856-1857: Published one year by C W. Blaisdell. 
Favored Fremont's nomination in r86o. 

iNDEPENnENT, 1857-1866: Started by Freeman A. Tisdell, Sr., 
and Thomas E. Champion; George A. Randall, editor. After 
several changes Herst C. Gann became editor and proprietor. 
Changed to 

Sentinel, + 1R66 to date: Herst C. Gann continued as editor and 
publisher. In 1900 the pa[>er joined with the Ixader to become 
the Setiiiml-I-eader. The Seniinel-Ixader Printing Company, 
Herst C. Gann, president, are the present editors and publishers. 
A Republican paper. Files are in the office. 


Western World, 1840-1841+: Edited by T>. N. White. Whig. 
Changed to 

Signal, +1841-1843: Edited by T. C. Sharp. Whig. In 1843 the 
otTice came into the possession of Thomas Gregg and. Witliam 
Y. Patch, and they issued the LE 

Message, + January, 1843-1844+: A WTiig paper. In 1844 the 
oflice and material reverted to Mr. Sharp, who, sometimes alone 
and sometimes with a partner, published the LF 

Signal, +1844-1847M- : Sharp and Galloway, 1845; Gregg and 
Miller, 1847-1850. In 1850 it was sold to James McKce, of the 
Nauvoo Palrioi, and he established the Warsaw HL 

CoMUERaAL Journal, +1850-1853+ Mr. McKee sold it to Dr. 
Rankin and he removed it to La Harpe, where it was knowTi as 
the HaiKock Dentocrai, (which see.) In 1851 Mr. Gregg pro- 
cured an old press and some material and re\*ived the 

Signal, +1851-1853+: In 1853 it was sold to T. C. Sharp and 
its name was changed to the L 

Express, +1853-1855; Issued weekly and edited by T. C. Sharp. 
He sold it to G. G. Galloway. 




Hancock Democrat, 1844, four issues: Printed at the office of 
the Signal for Mr. E. A. Bedel). Its purpose was to advocate 
the claims of Jacob C. Davis for Congress, but he failing of the 
nomination, the paper was discontinued. L 

Tehperanxe Crusader, 1854: Appeared monthly. Published at 
Express office by Mr. Gregg. In a few months it reached a 
circulation of 1700 copies, mainly through the agency of the Sons 
of Temperance. It came to an end by being merged with a 
similar sheet published in Chicago. 

City Buu,ETm, March 21, 1856 to date: For the first few numbers 
enlitk-d BuHdin. Itscdilor was W. K. Davison. He entered the 
army, Icanng the paper in charge of John F. Huwe, who in 1863 
allowed il to die- In 1866 it was revived as the BuUtlin by F. A. 
Dallam, who was succeeded by his son, Frank M. Dallam. The 
latter was editor and publisher in 1869. In 1&79 another son, 
Phil Dallam, was editor and publisher, and has ?o continued. 
For a short time under Uavison the paper was issued as a 
daily. A Republican paper. ULF 

Hancock New Era, April, 1864-1865: Conducted by Thomas C. 
Sharp in tlie interLSt of the Union Leagues of the county. L 

PuBUC Record, 1865-1867+ : Elstahlished by a Mr. Lick, who in 
1867 was succeeded by Francis Asbury Dallam. He soon 
changed the name to 

Hancock Democrat, +1867-1879: Established by J. M. Paris. 
Bought by George P. Walker and Cortez Maxwell. Walker 
retired after a few months, and Maxwell discontinued the paper 
in 1879. L 

Courier, 1871-1874; Fstablished by Theo. Bischof. Printed at 
the office of the Keokuk Post. 


Reveille, 187a to date (1884): In 1879 N. V. Maloney was editor. 
The publishers were the Reveille Publishing Company. Ma- 
loney's name does not appear in 1S84. The paper was printed 
at the office of the Sparland CbronuJe. Republican. 

Sentinel, 1876 to date (1891): Power and Harl were editors and 
publishers, 1877-1879; E. R. Harl, 1K80 to the end. A Demo- 
cratic paper, printed at the olBce of the Metamora Woodford 


iNVEsncATOH, 1857-about t86o: Established by Dr. A. A. Couch 
and Albert Paricer. Some of the files are in possession of Mrs. 
J. F. Hoover of Peoria, a daughter of Dr. Couch. F 



Hkrald, July, iS68 (after 1S91): Established by Thomas Hand- 
saker, and conducted by him until his dealt) in i83i. Nudlng 
and Xicolai btmght tlie paj^r at that time and si>Id to Mr. Hciiny. 
A. H. Heiple txiugbt from Heiiny and consolidated the Herald 
with the ReptMkan between 1891 and 1895. Independent. 
Files destruyed. 

Tazewell Independent, November, 1876. lu dale: Established 
by U. A. Pilaster and George N. Bondurant. Bondurant soon 
sold out. E. E. Heiple became part owner and later sole owner 
and editor. ,'VIterward he turned it over to his son, A. H. Heiple, 
who cunduLted it under the name I tidt pendent, tlien Republican, 
and later .\'cu.'s, until 1901, w^hen he sold to F. B. Mills; he to 
C. M. Kitlcr and Ralph K. Kirby in 190S. February 15, 1909, 
Rilter sold his interest tu Ralph E. Kirby, who is now editor and 
proprietor. Partial tiles in A'rus office. 


Independent I)ehocr.\t, 1843-1845+ : Edited by Elam Rust. 
Changed to 

War Eagle, +i845-i847(?): A Democratic paper, also edited by 
Elam Rust. listed in 1S47 as still publi.ihed. 

Paihioi, 1852-1858: A Democratic paper edited ljy a Mr. Abbott 
Its publication was suspended a short time in 1857-1858. In 
1856 Ablxitt sold to H. C. Tallwlt and it was consolidated for 
a time with the F 

Monroe An\XRTisEB, 1S51-1856: Edited by H. C. Talbott. Pub- 
lication of the Advertiser was soon stopped, but that of the 
Patriot was continued. Several copies owned by Mrs. Fannie 1. 
Ballard. Chester, 111. 

Monroe Ueuocrat, 1856: Edited by William Kcelman and man- 
aged by H. C. Talbott for a company. German. 

Advocate, 1858-1890+ : The editors, in turn, for a joint stock com- 
pany wen; Janie.s Sennott, James .-\. Kennedy, Mr. Weedin, 
J. C. Ooethe, j, F. CioLshall, 18^2-1875. In 1875 Mr Ootshall 
purchasefi the slock of tlie company, and was still editor and 
publisher in 1879. A Democratic paper in 1879; Independent- 
Democraticin 1881. It is listed in Ayer in 18S1 ^?. Dollar A dvo< alt. 
It was succeeded by the Republican in January, 1890. H. C. 
Voris was editor and publisher of the Republican in itjo?. Files 
of the Advocate are in the RepublicnH ofEce. 

Monroe Democrat, 1S68: Edited and publislied by Julius Von 
Reichenstcin. Seven numbers were issued, then it was sus- 
pended. German. 




TniES, 187a to date: Established by R. F. Brown. In 1873 it was 
purchased by Alfred Ferguson and C. F. Vangordcr. In 1874 
Ferguson sold his interest to R. T. Mclvill. In 1885 Melvill 
retired and Vangordcr continued sole proprietor until 1876, when 
he failed. The office passed into the possession of the Kellogg 
Newspaper Company of Si. Louis. They placed a ipan in 
charge, but after a short time sold the paper to a joint company 
with Vangordcr as editor and manager. He was succeeded by 
Peter W. Baker, who conducted the paper for tliree years. Then 
Henry Talbott took charge for a short time. In 1880 George E. 
Jahn succeeded Mr. Talbott, and was succeeded by J. A. Rrepps, 
In 1907 Nelson A. Rickert was editor and publisher. A Demo- 
cratic paper. 


Free Press, 1873-1876: H. F. Bloodgood was editor and pub- 
lisher. Printed at the oflice of the Sandwich Free Press. 
Leauek, 187S to date: An edition of the Hinckley Review. 


Mjddlepobt Phxss, 1854-1856; Files are in possession of L. F. 
Watson of Watseka. 

Iroquois Republican, 1856-1872 : Published and edited by 
Joseph Graham, 1856: Franklin Blades, 1856-1860. (See 
Iroquois Republican, Middleport.) In 1869, Z. Beatty was 
editor and publisher. The paper was changed to the Watseka 

Repi;buc\n, 187a to date; Published by Z. Beatty until April, 
1873; Alexander L. Whitehall and Elmer Brimhall, April, 1873- 
August, 1876; Elmer Brimhall, August, 1876-August, 1877; 
Lorenzo Watson and H. A. Jerauld, August i, 1877-October 
I, 1878; Lorenzo F. Watson was in 1880 sole proprietor and 
publisher, and has been so since October i, 1878. In 1907 B. F. 
Shankland was editor; the Watseka Republican Company, 
publishers. Files are in the ofHce except for 1859-1867. U 

Iroquois County Herald, October, +1867-1869: Established at 
Middleport about October i, 1865; moved to Watseka about 
February 1 , 1 867 ; edited by Charles Jouveuat from a date some 
time after the removal until the spring of 1869, when the Herald 

ceased to exist 

Iroquois Times, +May, i87i-i875{?)-|- : Originally the Onarga 
Times; moved to Watseka in 1871. December, 1872, the office 
was sold to Colonel M. H. Peters, who edited the paper from 
January, 1873, to June 5, 1874. From this date till August, 1875, 



Otto H. Wangelin was in control. He Eold to Auguste I^ngelHer, 
August, 1875. Under the latter's management, the name was 
changed to the 
Iroqoois Coukty Times, +i875(?) to dale: The change of name 
occurred some time between August, 1875, and July 1, i878(?). 
At the later date. Colonel M. 11. Peters again purchased the 
ollice, and in 1891 was still sole editor and proprietor, Edwin 
Beard was editor in 1S95. Orginally Independent-Republican, 
the Times was later Independent and supported the Greenback 
party, and still later was Democratic. By 1907 the limes had 
been united with the Democrat and the Iroquois County Times- 
Democrat was being edited and published by Matthew P. Kelly. 


Little Fort Porcupine and Democratic Banner, 1845-1847: 
Fuller; edited by A. B. Wynkoop. It was the first paper pub- 
lished in Lake County. Files are owned by tlie GaxeUe. (See 
Little Fort.) ' H 

Lake County Herald, 1845-1846: Edited by N. P. and S. M. 
Dowst. Whig. 

Lake County Visiter, 1847 (?): (See Little ForL) H 

Lake County Chronicle, 1847-1855+ : Published by W. H. H. 
Tobey and Company and edited by A. C. Tobey; merged in 
185s with Freeman's Advocate. The new paper was called the 
Chronide and Advocate, later the Independent Democrat. F 

Free Democrat, August i, 1849-Februar}' i, 1850: John Hender- 
son, publisher, and N. W. Fuller, editor. 

Cody's Adverbseh, 1849- ■ ( ?). N 

Gazette, October, 1850 to date: Nathan C. Gccr was pub- 
lisher, J 850-1 858; James Y. Cory, editor and publisher, 
1858-1871; Rev. A. K. Fox and C. A. Partridge, 1871 ; C. A. 
and H. E. Partridge, 1871-1885; Reuben W. Coon, 1885-1897. 
Frank H. Hall succeeded Coon in 1897; ^^^ ^c same year, the 
Gazette having absorbed the Daily and Weekly Register, the com- 
bined interests were acquired by DeKay Brotliers. Under the 
name of the Gazette Publishing Company, they published the 
paper till July 7, 1899. F'rom that dale until 1902 or after the 
stock was in other hands and W. L. Farmt-r was editor. In 1907 
W. J. Smith was editor; the Gazette Publishing Company were 
publishers. Established as a Republican weekly. Since 1903 
there has been a daily edition. There had been a daily edition 
fur a few weeks in 1S54 and a semi-weekly edition for a short 
time. Files arc complete in office. EUF 



Fsrehan's Advocate, February 3, 1854-1855+: Establifihed by 
John Gentzel. In about a year it was sold to S. I. Bradbury 
and E. S. Ingalls, who at the same time purchased the Lake County 
Chronicle. They were combined under the name of the F 

Chronicle and Advocate, +1855+: Which was afterward 
changed to 

Independent Dkuocrat, +1855-1857: Still edited by Messrs. 
Bnidbui)' and Ingails. Upon the suspension of pubiication at 
the beginning of 1857, the subscription list was sold to the GauUe. 

Northwestern Orient, 1856+ : I'ublished by J. H. Bnindage 
and edited by J. C. Smith and Ira Porter. March, 1856, the 
Rockford Spirit Advocate was united with the Orient, the head- 
quarters remaining at Waukcgan. It was succeeded by the 

Northwestern Excelsior, +i8s6-i859(?): Published and edited 
for a few months by Ira Porter and J C. Smith; by Pooler and 
Kribs in 1858. A Spiritualist paper. F 

Lake County Democrat, 1857-1861: Established by Samuel I. 
Bradbury, editorj continued to June, 1S61, wiien it was sus- 
pended. Its publication was resumed in 1866 by Mr. Bradbury, 
under the title of 

Lake Codnty Patriot, 1866-1897+: Mr. Bradbury was still 
editor and publisher in i86g. George W. Blair, editor, 1878- 
1883; Dewitt H. Bradbur)', followed by Samuel H. Bradbury, 
18B3-1897. In 1897 consolidated with the Waukegan DaUy 
and Weekly Sun, A. K. Steams, editor and publisher. 

Lake CotJNTY Citizen, January, 1859-1860: Published one year 
by Fuller and Bailey. This is the same Fuller who was previ- 
ously connected with the Visiter and with the Porcvpinc. 

Lake Coitntv Tidings, 1879-^ (?)+: Published for three 

months in 1879 by J. W. Green, then by John A. Avery, who 
changed the name to 

Lab^e County Republican, +1879-1883: Published by John A. 
Avery; in 1883, absorbed by the Gazette. 


Gazette, i 869-1870: Established by M. J. Abbott and W. D. 
Pemberton. In a few months Mr. Abbott bought Mr. Pembex- 
ton's interest In 1870 the paper was sold to Richard Baltcnger 
who removed the press to Virden. In 1872 John H. Goldsmith 
purchased it and brought it back to Waverly, when he changed 
the name to. 

Times, 1872-1874: Established by John H. Goldsmith. After six 
months it was suspended for nine months. Mr. Goldsmith then 


resuscitated the paper, but in three months it was again sus- 
pended. In 1874 W. T. Lakin purchased the material and pub- 
lished tift)'-two numbers. It was then again suspended. In 
1876 R. V. Mallim- bought the office and started the 

MoKCAK CoDKTY JocRNAL, 1876 to date: Kstablisbed by R. V. 
Mallof)-. In 1876 Milton M- Meacham purchased a haJf in- 
terest and came into full possession in 1877. Ln 1879 Mr. Mal- 
lory was editor and Mr. Meacham publisher. Milton M. Meach- 
am was editor in 1882-1884; Frederick B. Ritchie, i8gi till 
after 1895. John H. GuldsmiUi was a later editor. At sonic time 
previous to 1907 the Journal was consolidated with the Enter- 
prise. The Jvurruil'Enkrprise was edited in 1907 by B. Rein- 
bach and published by the Waverly Journal Company (Inc.). 
Independent in politics. 

Teupekance Banner, 1874-1875: Established l^ Lakln and 


Central News, i86i(?): Listed, without details, in Kenny's 
American Newspaper Directory for 1861. 


Sentinel, 1864-1865 : Published for one year by L. B, Barnes. 

News^Index, Februar>-, iS65-i87o(?)4- : Established by Grable 
and Crosby. In August, 1865, Mr. Grable was sole owner 
one week, August, 1865-Februar)', 1867, Mr. Crosby; Febru- 
ary, 1867-June, 186S, William Parker; June, 1868-JiLne, 1870, 

William Parker and Cadet Taylor; June, 1870 — {?)- Mr. 

Taylor who changed the name to the 

lNDEX,+ i87o(?>-Juiv, 1908: Cadet Taylor, Taylor Brothers* 
(Cadet and W. B.), and H. L. Taylor were successively editors 
and publishers. Independent within Republican limits. 

Our Boys* Intellect, 1869: An amateur pa(x:r published and 
printed by Charles S. Diehl, now of the Associated J'rcss. 

Tribune, 1S75: Established by Mr. Burroughs, who discontinued 
it after three months. 


Union Park Advocate, 1872-1874: Charles E. Crandall was 
editor and publisher An advertising sheet. U 


Index, 1877 to date {1879): In 1879 G. L. Watson was editor and 
publisher. Independent. 



PANTAGILXPH, 1879 to date (1884): M. R. Balr was editor and pub- 
lisher, 1880; S. W. Zeller, 1882; U. P. Shull, 1884. An Inde- 
pendent paper. H 


Monitor, 1873-1874: John -'•nd Bovard were editors and pub- 
lishers, 1874; Bovard Brothers, 1875. 

Gazette, 1S76 to date (1S79}: C. W. Stickncy was editor and pub- 
Usher in 1 879. The paper was printed at the office of the Chenoa 


DcPage County Gazette, June, 1856-1S57: Edited by L. E. 
De Wolf and J. A. J. Birdsall. F 

Flag, i857-i86o(?): Established by Nathaniel H. Lewis. Burned 
out about 1860. 

NOKTHERN IixiNOEAN, 1859(1861 ?)'iS7o+ : Established by Hcnry 
C. Childs. Id 1862-1864 Benjamin F. Taylor was literary 
editor. In 1S67 Childs sold to John A. \Vh)tlock, who sold in 
1870 to J. RiLssell Smith. It was a Republican paper. Smith 
changed the name to E 

Illisoian, +1870 to date; Republican, still conducted in 188a by J. 
Russell Smith. Newton E. Matter purchased the lUinoian 
February iS, 18S9, and was publisher until February 30, 1909. 
He then sold the office to C. H. Plummer. 

College Record, 1875 to date (1881); Monthly, issued during the 
college year. In 1879 John D. Nutting was editor; Literary 
Union of Whcaton College, publishers. 

Beobachter (or DuPage County Zeiiung?), 1878-1880: A German 
paper dated at \VheatDn and Chicago, edited and published by 
Paul Geleff. 

Christlan Cynosure : See Chicago. 


Register, 1869 to date: Established and publwhed by I. H. Davis 
and F. Glossop. In three months GIossop retired. In 1870 
Davis sold out to Charles H. Johnson. In 1875 the White Hall 
Register Company, with Henry Johnson as president, and Charles 
H. Johnson as secretary and treasurer, took charge. In 1883 
Fletcher Cain became editor and proprietor. In 1883 the paper 
passed into the hands of Palmer and Roberts, and the offices 
were changed to Roodhouse. In 1884 Mr. Palmer retired and 
in that year the office was returned to White Hall. Three months 
later the office and contents were destroyed by fire, but the 


paper did not miss an issue, being printed in the uQice of the 
CarroUton Gazette until 1S85. In 1S85 Mr. Owings was partner 
for a short time. W. J. Roberts became proprietor. Hany E. 
Bell was editor and publisher in 1907. In 1S81 the Register was 
printing editions under the names of Locomctive, Greenfield; 
Express, Kane; and Signal, Roodhouse, all in Greene county. 

Green County Deuociut, 1875-1877 . In 1875-1876 C. M. 
Tucker was editor, James Smith publisher; a year later John 
M. Fans was editor and publisher. 

Rkpiibucan. 1877 to dale: Established by E. J. Pcarce and C. L. 
Clapp; published on the press of the CarrolUua Pclriot, of which 
Mr. Clapp was editor. In May, 188.?. Clapp retired, and Cap- 
tain Pearcc became sole proprietor. He bought the White Hall 
Tribune, (established 1882), which he consolidated with the 
RepuUiccn, thereby becoming able to print his journal at home. 
In September, 18S4, Captain Pearce began the Evening Re- 
publican, and both papers remained under his management 
continuously until his death in April, 1907. His children have 
conducted the paper since that date with R. B. Pcarce as pub- 
lisher. The Repultifan is on file in tlie office. A part of the 
weekly edition was printed under the name of Scott County 
Arrow, Manchester, from 1879 to 1907, with E. J. Pearce as 


UEH^tr>, i854-i856(?): Established by D. H. Berdine, owned by a 
local stock company. After less than a year William H. Clark 
was put in charge. He moved the office Later to Kendall county. 


lNDEPEm>ENT, 1861-1873: A Republican paper, established by W. 
R. Steel; sold in 1871 to Alexander Mcintosh. H. H. Parkinson 
leased it in 1872. It was discontinued in 1873. 

People's Advocate, June, 1870 to date: A Democratic paper, 
started by Jacob H. Warner. Edward D. Conley became part 
owner and chief editor in February, 1871, sole owner in May, 
1872. and was still editor and publisher in 1884. Quinn and 
Company, 1891 and 1895; Don A. Spurr was editor in 1907 and 
Quinn and Odell, publishers. The paper was Independent in 
politics until past i88[. In 1907 it was Republican. In Rowell, 
1879, and in Aver, 18S1 and 1907, this pa|>er is listed as vlrfuocflfe. 

Revtew, 1877 to date (1895): A. M. Stephenson was editor and 
publisher in 1882 and 1884; Stephenson and Stiles in 1&91; 
J. H. Warner in 1895. Semi-weekly. Independent in politics. 




Phoenix, 1877-1880: C. Hill Duck, was editor and publisher. An 
Independent paper, published at the office of the Joliet Phanix. 


Voice op Truth, ( ?) — ( ?) : A Baptist publication edited 

by Alvin Bailey at some time in 1838--1843. 

Battle Axe, November 25, 1841-1843: Removed from Exeter by 
James M. Ruggles and continued by him until June or July, 
184,5. In the number for June 10, he announced that about 
July I he would begin the publication of People's Oracle, but 
apparently he established instead the 

Republican, December 14, i844-(?): James M. Ruggles was owner; 
Knapp and Ruggles were editors. A 

Illinois Valley Registee, ( ?) —{ ?) : Published by a Mr. 

Ellis, probably about 1850. 

Western Unionist, 1851 to after 1858: A Republican paperwhicb 
ardently supported Lincoln. It was established by T. H. ElUs; 
probably he sold to R. D. Dedman, who was editor and pub- 
lisher on September 18, 1858. S 

Democrat, October 7, 1859-1867+: Edited by W. W. Chapman 
and A. D. Davies; published by W. W. Chapman. In the 
number of June 7, 1862, R. D. Dedman's name appeared as 
editor and proprietor. Under Chapman the paper was Demo- 
cratic; under Dedman, Republican. In 1867 Dedman sold to 
William T. ColHns, who changed the name to 

Scorr County Union, 4-1867-1870: Conducted first as a Repub- 
lican, then as an Independent organ by William T. Collins, who 
discontinued it in 1870 and sold the plant to T. H. Flynn, who 
established the Independent. 

Scott County News, July, i860 (?); " A rabid partisan sheet" 

brought out just beEore the Civil War, by C. J. ScUan^ who was 
major of the 38th Illinois Infantry, August 33, 1861-Januaiy 8, 
1862. A 

Herald,- (?) (?): A Democratic paper established by John 

J. Bunce toward the dose of the Ci\il War. It was after a lime 
edited by Frank Glossop. Short lived. 

Times, September 14, 1865, to date: Established by A. A. Whcelock, 
who conducted it until after 1870. Milton and Moyer, and 
Wheclock and Moyer were subsequent editors and publishers. 
Then Wheeler alone continued it until May, 1884, when he sold 
to Charles Crispt and the paper was conducted by Crisp and A. 
W. Tibbetts. Crisp sold in 1885 to Tibbetts and Rogers; Tib- 
betts retired in March, 1886, and soon afterward the paper 


reverted to Crisp. G. W. Dixon and T. H, Devine took charge 
of the plant and conducted the Times until fall, when Crisp again 
assumed control. W. A. Heazlitt was made manager and J. C. 
Balslcy editor. P. R. Nelson bought the Timts October 15, 
1887, and has conducted it ever since. Democratic. 

Star, November 12, 1869-1870: A short-lived Republican paper 
run by D. Lcib Ambrose. 

Independent, September 3, 1870-1883: Established by T. H. 
Flynn, with John Moses as editor. S. M. Moses was editor and 
publi^er in 1&80; T. H. Flynn, i88a. It was Greenback in 
politics — listed in Ayer for 1881 as Liberal Democrat. The 
paper was discontinued about 1882 and the plant was sold to 
George H. Palmer and Son, of the Standard. 

Scott County Arrow, 1878-1879+ : A Republican paper at first 
published by Pcarce and Ctapp. It was issued from Winchester 
for one year, then from Manchester until 1908. After 1883 
K. J. Pcarce was publisher. Successive Winchester editors 
were Albert Chapman, Thomas H. De\'inc, J. C. Balsley, D. T. 
Smidi and Henry Higgins. 


Sentinei, 1876-1877+ : Started by A. M. Anderson May, 1876. 
In January, 1877, the plant was taken to Paris. Two months 
later Anderson started another paper and called it the 

Dollar Sentinel, 1877-1879: I'ndcr the editorship of A. M. 
Anderson it had a fitful existence for two years when the plant 
was removed to Shelb\-\-iIle. 

Gazette, 1878 to date: Edited by Warden Brothers, 1878; J. L. 
Warden, 1878-1889; Charles and Thomas Miner, 1889: W. E. 
McCormick, 1&90: Bart Grider, 1S91, and H. 5. Lilly and G. 
E. Dunscomb, 1S91 to date. 

Sehtxnbl, 1854 (?). 


Reporter, December, 1875-1876-^ : Established by Magner and 
Carlin. After a year sold to J. J. McHose, who changed the 
name to 

Enterprise, +December. 1877-1880: Edited by J. J. McHose 
and R. H.Magncr. C. C. Carlin was editor and publisher in 
1879 and 1880. 

WOODSTOCK, Mchenry county 


Dispatch, 1879 to date: Bdited and published by Kaie and Porter, 
1879-1882 : M. A. Chesley. and later Chesley and B. J. Dunlap, 
1883-1896; C. L. Burgess and W. W. White, 1897-fali of 1899: 
White and W. A. Olson, fali of 1899-JuIy, 1900; Olson and 
A. A. Markey, July, 1900-1906; (Jlson and E. N. Stephenson. 
1906 and after; Olson and G. K. Swanson since March i, 1909. 
A lofal Independent paper. A part of the edition was being 
printed in 1907, under the same name for Oneida. The 
Oneida edition has since been discontinued. 


Illinois Recublicah, 1846-1856: Edited by Josiah Dwight 
After several suspensions and changes of name it became the 
Senlintl. In 1854 it bore the name of the 

Republican Free Press, March 8, 1854-1855: The material 
became the property of the ovmers of the .-Ir^M-v. F 

Democrat, 1849-1856, 1858-1859, 1860-1862: Edited by E. D. 
.Austin. Its publication was suspended a few months in 1859. 
James L. Martin was owner and editor, 1860-1862. F 

AftGUS, 1856-1857: Edited by E. W. Smith and M. L. Joslyn. 
Democrat. Mr. Edson was owner when it^ publication ceased, 

Sentinel, 1856 to date: Josiah Dwight was editor, 1856-1S58. 
Later editors were: A. E. and W. E. Smith, 1858-1866; F. M. 
Sappand G. B. Richardson, 1S66-1869: William E. Smith, 1869- 
187a; G. S. Southworth, 1873-1879; Mr. Southworth and E. F, 
Glennon, i879-:89i. C. A. Lemmcrs was editor from 1891 to 
igo2, the Woodstock Sentinel Company (Inc.) being publishers. 
During this time L. T. Hoy was president and manager. From 
1902 to 1906 W. W. Chandler was manager, Nfr. Hoy continuing 
as president. January i, 1906, Charles F. Renich became editor 
and manager, and still continues as such, with the Woodstock 
Sentinel Company as publishers. .At first G. L. Webb and T. F. 
Johnson were proprietors, and they probably edited it themselves 
for a brief period l>efore Mr. Dwight was given charge of that 
work. In 1857 it became the property of F. W. Franks and Son, 
with Mr. Dwight still editor. It was not until the advent of 
Messrs. Smith that local news began to be a feature of the paper. 
It has advocated Republican principles. There are complete 
files in the office. 

McHeniy CoONxy Union, 1861-1862: Owned by J. H. Hodder. 
It was published one year, and was then sold to the Sentintl. 

CmzEN, 1873 : It did not live a year. 


Anti-Monopoust, 1S73: Published by the Franklin Printing and 
Publishing Company of Chicago. W. D. Ringland was business 
manager. It was a Grange paper. 

New ElA, 1873-1880: Established by Ringland and Price. In 
1874 W. D. Ringland became sule proprietor. The paper was 
an organ of the Grange movement, embracing first Greenback, 
and then Republican doctrines. It was moved to Elgin in 1880. 
Ringland and Cumins owned it, 1879-1880. 

McHesby ColT^rTY Democrat, 1877-1902: Established by A. R. 
Bradbury, who issued a few numbers. In 1877 the paper was 
re-cstahlishcd with John A. and M. C. Dufield as proprietors. 
In 18R2 M. C, Dutield retired. C. A. Lemmers was local editor, 
1883-1890. In October, 1902, this paper was sucreedcd by 
Republican, with C. A. Lemmers. editor and manager, and the 
McHenry County Repuhlii-an Company, owners. Republican 
in politics after 1902. Files complete are in possession of the 


Chief, 1867-1871 : A paper issued from the office of the Toulon 
Prairie Chief, with B. W. Seaton as editor and publisher. 

Post, August 187s. to date: Established by £. H. Phelps, who pub- 
lished the paper until 1876, when he sold to J. D. Gilchrist; 
Gilchrist sold to R. P. Chaddock, 1879; Chaddock in 1880 to 
William R. Sandham, who in ^885 bought the Herald and 
combined the two as Poat-Uerald. Sandham sold to J. M. 
Newton and W. K. Nixon in 1889; Newtnn sold to Nixon 
in August, 1895. Harrison Thomas bought a half interest in 
January i, 1904. These owners sold to William G. and Glad- 
stone Moore (Moore and Son), who have continued the paper. 
Republican, but not actively partisan. 

Stask County Bee, 1875-1877: Published by M. M. Monteith. 
Independent Republican. U 


J^Hebald, 1864-1870: In 1869 and 1870 J. S. Foster was editor and 
publisher. In [870 the paper was combined with Elmwood 
Chronicle and issued as Chronicle and Herald by O. F. Wood- 
cock and Company. Knox News, 1876: A short-lived paper issued by A. M. 

Industrial Banner, December 25, 1879, to date: Established by 
A. H. McKeighan, who bought the 1 pava Independent and 
moved it to Yates City, changing the name to Industrial Banner. 



In i8<33 \V. A. McKeighan again took charge of the paper and 
is the present owner and editor. Files are in the office. Listed 
in Ayer, i88r, as a Greenback paper. Now Independent in 



Kei^all CotTNTY RECORD, 1864 to date: John R. Marshall was 
editor and publisher in i86g, and seems to have continued in 
that position ever since. A Republican paper. In i88i an 
edition was issued under the name of Mirror, for Flano. 
News, 1S72-1S77; R. M. and Gallic D. M. Springer were editors 
and publishers until 1877. when James H. rerria and Frank H. 
Hall were publishers. The paper was thai year moved lo Piano. 


News, l868 to date (1869): Reed and Clark were editors and pub- 
lishers. A Republican paper. 
PLAiNDEALEa, 1870-1871: Edited by Judson Graves. In Rowell 
for 1871 and 1872 the date of establishment was given as 1853. 
A Republican paper. 



Tin-: St. Clair Tribunk. on April 24, 1857 became the Belinilk 
Tritmw. A tile of this paper, v. 3, no. 25-v. 4, no. 21 ; .August 
2, 1856-July 3, 1857 is in the St. Clair Coimty Court House, 

Gr£at Western: A file of v. 1, complete^ is in the St. Clair 
County Court House, Belleville. 


Heraid, 1837-1838: This papter was edited by Gideon B. Perry 

and published by Ptolemy Stone. In 1838 its name was 

changed to 
FriTONiAN, 1S38-1840: This title was changed in :840 to Western 

Telegraph, and modified to FulUm 7'elegraph in 1841. 


Evening Star, August, 1861 (?): An "Independent" 

paper antagonistic to the federal administration, and to nearly 
everything in general. A. C. Ellithorpe and Company were 
publishers. V. 1, no. 32, 37; September 25, October 2, 1861, 
in Chicago Historical Society Library. 

Guyer's Progressive Ace and Chicago Pathfinder, Septem- 
ber. 1859 (?): Edited by Isaac D. Guyer and circulated 

gratuitously. Monthly. V. i, no. 2, October, 1859, in Chicago 
Historical Society Librarj'. 

Musical Independent, November, 1S68 (?): Edited by 

W. S. B. Matthews; published by Lyon and Healy. V. i, no. 
2. December, 1868, in Chicago liistorical Society Library. 


pKAiKit State, i856(?): One of the papers which signed the call 

for the Republican convention of 1856. 


Tjuks, September, 1S74-1893+ : Established by Joe F. Reed, who 
later sold to A. C. Boyd and Oscar Singlcy. Singley soon 
withdrew, and Boyd, soon after 1880, sold to Guy Bcatty and 



Samuel Newman. Beatty afterward bought the interest of 
his partner, and in 1S90 sold an interest to Starr H. Beatty. 
Beatty Brothers conducted the Timfs until 1893, when Guy 
Beatty retired. Starr H. Beatty has been editor and publisher 
since that time. In TS93 the Times absorbed the Tazewell 
County Press (estabUshed by Joe F. Reed in 1SS9) and the 
title of the combined papers became Times-Press. Republican. 


State Grangk Nkws: The official organ of the State Grange of 
Illinois, edited and published by J. M. Chambers about 1S74. 


Republican, iS56(?): One of the papers which signed the call 
for a Republican convention in 1S56. 


Illinois State Registi:r: A file running from 1838, when the 

paper was published at Vandalia, to 1855, is in the Sangamon 

County Court House, Springfield. 
Independent Rf.formur, 1874: A campaign paper published in 

the interest of the Independent, or Farmer's party. 


PRAIBIE Chicken, 1S64 (?): Volume one of a paper bearing 

this title is catalogued in the New York Public Library, but 
repeated attempts failed to discover the paper. 


Fi/LTONIAN, iS56(?): No mention of this paper is found except 
that it wa>i a signer of the call for the Decatur convention 
iji 1856. There are contemporary newspaper references to it. 
Mr. George L. Durell of Vermont uwns several copies. 



B«diHlig College Library. No files 
Public Library. Mo report 
Jennie D. Hayner Libran- Associa- 
tion Lilirarj- 
Oaiiy Telegraph: Januar>- 3, 185^- 

Morning Ctmrier: January i , 


Ranmm Library. No lepon 

Public Library. No report 
Public Library 
beacon: broken set 
Democrat: No!». 1, 3, 3, AuguM 

Exprtss: Broken set 
Guardian: Five volumea 
Herald: Broken scl 
Nrws (df : Broken Set 
KepubUcan: Broken set 
Repubiican Union: Broken set 

Public Library. Xo report 

Public Library. No files 
J^ublic Library 

Advocate: 1840-1869; 39 vols. 
Democrai: iR<;R~i8;o; 73 voU. 
DrapaUh: March 7, i86i-Augu8t 

i, 1S61 
Illinois Republican : 1849-1853 
5*. Clair Banntr: i8<i|-June »0t 

St.CiairTrilmnt: February, 1854- 

VclJisblall: 1856-1857 

Xeiiung: 1849-1860 

Ida Public Library. No files 

Woman's Club Libniy. No files 


Illinois Wcslcvaa University Library. 

No files 
Withers I*ubiic Library 


Dtmoaatic N rws: v. 1, no. 1-59; 
V. a, no. 1-52; January 1,1877- 
Ueccmlicr 38, (877; January 
4, i87S-December 37, 1878 

Inlttligencer: January 14, 1852- 
November i6, 1853 

i.Md(r (dand w): Complete fite. 
Novt'liilipr 15, iftfiS-Miiy 1899 

Observir ortd McLean County 
Advocalt: Single numWr, 
January i.^, 1838 

PantagrapH (w): December 7, 
1853-Januarv 10, 1855 

M'eu'ern Whig: v. 3, 1848; 
August 5. January 13, February 
10, May 19, July 31, 38, 
August 18, 35, September 8, 
15, 33; V. 4, 1850: January 
1 5, 39, April 13, June 39 , 
July [3, 30, August 3, Septem- 
Iwr 7, 31 i V. 5, 1850: Novem- 
ber a, 97-November 19, 1851 


Illinois Journal: v. 14, no, 177- 
350; January 8, 1863-April 
3. 1863 
Stole Register (tri-w): June 13, 
i847-ScptcmJirr 3, 1847 

Tatru-tll Whig: v. 3, no. 33; 
Fcbruan* 13, 1847; v. 4, no, 
31; February 11, 1848 
McLean County HistoricAl Society 
Pantagraph (w): v. 10, 1855-1856; 
V. II, 1856-1857; V. 13, 1857- 
1858: also 1890-1907 
Pantagraph {A): 1869-1876; 187&- 

1883; 1886-18R7; 1894+ 
Illinois StaleinMn: v. 1-5; 1859- 








McLean County Historical Society 

Literary and Library AMociaiioii. ■ 



Noiile« I 


Weekly Sational i-'lag: v. i, 7; 

C.\KTH.\t;E I 


Jujie 20, iSi;5-Ortrther 16, i8s7 

Carthage College Library. No files 1 



Free Public Library. No files ^^^1 


Puljlir Lilirarv. No files 




Public Library. No report ^^H 


Si. Viateur'a College IJbf»r>. No 




Public Library and Readiivg Room. M 



No files ^H 


Public Liiirary. No files 




Public Library 


Library .\Mociatkm Library. No 




OurCoiiitiUUioH: July 33, 18^6- 



July 23, 1858 


Public Library. No report 




Wettvn Monthly: v. t-a; 1869 


Public Library 




Union: June 33, iSs4-May ^t. 


BkitttiH: July I, tSyo-DeccRibcr 



31, 187a; July I, 1S71- 



Decembcrj:, 1871 

Itiinois Monthly Mogatine: v. t ; 


C»ly Hem: v, i, no. i, September 

October, iS3o-Sei>Icmbcr, 183 1 


30, t86s 



Democrai: v. 5, no. 145; 

Eastern 1 lltnois Normal School ^^ 


February 35, 1868; v. 5, no. 

Lilirarv. No 5les ^^^H 


iSS; April i;, t868 

Public Library. No files ^^H 


Everting Sun: v. 8, no, 173; 
October ai, 1873 



Tecumseh Lihrar>- Association ^^^| 


■Vvndcy Leader; v, 1, no. 4; 

Library. No report ^^^| 


April 17, 1865 



Morning News: v. a, no. 637; 

Armour Institute of Technology ^^B 


April 16, 1865 

Libmry. No file« ~l 


Timts: v. 8, no. 172; October 

Chicago ' Normal School Library. ^^M 


at, 1873 

No liles ^^M 





Bvtning Journal: June t, 1861 
Record: v. t„ iiri. aw March i. 

Chkcato Blitorlcal SocUtr (H) ^^H 



AtTON ^^B 



imfrican (w): v. 1, NaveraSer 33, 1 


Republican: v. 1. no. 4; March 

1833-June 3, 1834 1 


iS. 1841 

Courier, Daily Morning: v. t. 2: 1 



Majf 29, i8s3-May 31, 1854; 1 


Township Publk Library. No 

V. 7, no. 1-3 13. June r, 185R- 1 



May ^i, 1850 ^^J 



Courior, Wetltly: v. t; June 4, ^^H 


ParKn Library. No files 

t8s3-May 37. iSj3 ^^H 
Pomocrat, Daily Rvming: v. 6, ^^H 




Llbrarv .Association Library. No 

tK>. 63. 66; September 37, 30. ^^H 





Southern Illinois State Normal 

Jllinois Ttmpirance Herald: v- 3, ^^H 


I'niversilv. .\o files 

no. Q, February, 1839 ^^H 


. Obsirver: v. 3, no. 37-v- 4> no. ^^H 

Blackburn Univenily Library. No 

4^: September 30. 1836-April ^^^| 

1838 ^^M 










1 CHICAGO — tonlinued 


^k Chku{o Uislorical S<.x:ieiy 

Democrat (d): vK.)i m*, 1;^; July 

V Altun 

4. 185; 

Protettdfi: \{onUor: v. j. no. j(2. 


May 34. lH4^ 

t^'tfw/w^; V. 17, no, l^; February 

S(t*ctatof: V, 1-4; 1832-1834; 

». »»57 

11. 8. V. t-^. iSjS-i'*^? (I'm:) 


Ttiegraph (w): v. 1-15; JftnuEiy 

.It/vdirr' V. i, no i; +; DeireiQ' 

ao, t.S.i<>-I>ec«iiil>cr 27, 1850. 

Ikt 36, 18O7 + 

Name rliBii](<.-<l A|)rit 3, 1S41, to 

/Itfftii.- V. 13, no. 1; November iSi 

^ifaiM TeUgfafih and Otmixraiic 



Atlianee, Chicago: v. t, no. i, v. a. 

Teief^rafh (trl-w); v. 1, 3: Jan- 

no. S4 {«Iiale no. 106I: Decem- 

uflfy 1. rSsi-May 33, 1853 

ber 13, iS73-l)«ernber tS, 

Ttlegrapk (d): v. 1-3; May 34. 

1875. Continticfl as 

iRS3-May 17. "855 
Trieg^npk ttttd Madison Couity 

AUiante: v. 3, no. ; (wliole no. 

Ill); 36 (whole no. 390) 

Record (w); v. i*-2o; January 

Januar>' 33, i87fr-A[inl 35. 1881 

7. 1853-May t8. 1855 

Atnatrur Merhanit (m): v. 1, no. 

iVfilefi Piontv and Baptiil 

1-3; July 10. \ugu»t, 1877; V.I, 

Stathiard Hearer (w): n, s. v, 1, 

no. 7, January, 1878 

no. i-v. a, no. 50; June ,^0, 

Amtritan, Chicago: v. 1-7; May 

1856- December 13. rSjS 

8, iSis-'^''*'''*^'" ">• '843 

ALIfiX (Cpprr) 

American, Chicaga Daily: v. 1-4; 

rrwr* SttJur Cq): v. 1; 1845- 

April q, i83g-Octobcr 17, 1843 

1S46 Antiquarian: v. 1-8; 


1878-18S6. ['I'ille ol V. 4-8. 

Timet: v. 5, no, ti; Oitoher 13, 

American Antiijuarinn and 


Orienhit Journal] ^^^| 


American Builder and Journal 0} ^^H 

Record: v, 10, n. as; February 36, 

Art (rn)'- V. 1-4; Orlober tj, ^^H 


1S68-1871 ^H 


A meritan Poultry Journal and ^^H 

Advocate (v): n. s. v. 5, no. 13; 

Record: *. 6-4); 1877-1878 ^^1 

July II, 1844; V. 7, no. J2, 
Scptcmbtfr 34, 1846; v. 44, no> 36; 

Amusement World: n. s. v. 1, no. 3; ^^H 

December 11. 1878 ^^H 

June Q, 1SS3 

Argua: V. 15. no. 5; November, ^^| 

Democrat (w): v. i-j; 185S- 

1883 ^H 

1860: 1858-1860 (odd numt>ers} 

Art Journal \iny. v. i'3; 1867-1870 ^^H 

tUinois Repahlican: v. i, no. 50; 

.4jAJdr(m Masonic): v. 3-4; 185;- ^^| 

January 9, iS^o 

1850: V. 6, i860: V. 7. no. i; ^^H 

Rrprtientative and fiellevUle Nfws: 

January 1K61 ^^H 

V. 1, no. 12; January ao, iSj8 

Banking and ImturaiKC Cbronielt ^^H 

Bloom ixr.TON 

(w) : V, a, no. 45; \ov«mIier 7, ^^H 

Western Jurist (m, w): v. i. May, 

1867 ^H 

1874; V. rt, nti. 53, April aS. 

Banner (w): copy, 1885 ^^H 

1 88 1. Chanecd to Monthly 

Baptist Monthly (m): v. a, no. 1, ^^H 

Jurist, Ihcn H'wJUy /nrw/ 

3-8, 10: [January-October, i36i] ^^H 

Sckodmatier fra): v. 3, no. 30-3:; 

Better Covenant: v. 3, no. t-v. 3, ^^H 

1870. (Pul>Ii»h(rd at Cliicaso 

rvo. 151; 1843-1844. [Published ^^H 

bcKinfiini? with 00, a6. Con- 

in Cbiracn J>eKtnninK v. 3, nO. ^^H 

tinuetl ,-is The Chicago Sehool' 

14; April 6, 1S43] ^^H 


British American (m): v. r. no. i; ^^H 


OcTolfer, 18/14 ^^M 

Democrat (d): v. 3. no, fj, 3«: 

Brown School Holiday Budget: v. ^^M 

September 30, October 4, 1865 

1, 1S66 ^^M 



CHICAGO — ewtinued 
Cbtc««o Historical Societv 


Burtau (m): v, i-v. a, no. y, Oclo- 
ber, iSfip-December, 1870; v. a 
no. 11; AuKusi, 187 1 ; v. j, do. 4; 
Jaunary, 187 a 

Chapel ChronkU: v. i. no. i; 
September, 1878 

Chicagoan: v. 1, no. t, April 18, 
1 868 

Christian Times: v, ra, no. 38; 
March a, 1865 

Christian Timet and WitHtss: r. I. 
no. 3i: February j, 1854; v. ij). 
no. 17: Decern ber ai, 1865. 
rrillc ol V. I, no. aj U CAWslian 
rifuw. Continued as Stan4ari\ 

Citiaen's League {•k):v., i-a?; 
December 14. 1878- July 5, 1879 

Cloud and the Haw: v. t, no. a; 
July at, 1858 

Ctrmmtrciet Advertiser. Chic^ygo 
(w): V. I, no. 33: September 15, 
1847; V. 3, no. $3; September 6, 
1848; V. 3. no. 16, ao, 3a, 35, 36. 
39, 47-\Iav 16, June 13, Septem- 
ber 5, 36, October 3, 34, Decem- 
ber 19, 1849; V. 4, no. 9, 10, 14, 
18, ao, a6-Marcb 37, April 3, 30, 
May 30, June 19 August 17, i8i;o 

Courier, Daily Chicago: v. i, no. 
i; January t, 1874 

Democrat, Chicago (w): v. 1, no. 
i-v. 35; 1833-1861 [incomplete] 

Democrat, Doiiy Chicago: v. ao; 
September 18, at. 34, 38, October 
ij 5. i860 

Dtmocrat, Morning Chicago: v. i, 
no. 4; February 27, 1840 

Demttcrat, Sunday: v. 1, no, 5; 

July 3. 1S70 
Democratic Press (d): v. l-ia; 

Dreads CiAUge Journal (m): v. i, 

no. 1', September, 1876 
Druggist and Paint and Oil Revievf 

(m)." V. 1. no. I ; Octo'xr, 1879 
Dunton's Spirit 0} the Turf: v. i, 

no. i: October 18. 1876 
Emery's Journal nf AgriatltUre and 

the Prairie Farmer (w): v. a; 

1858. [CftntinufdasTltePrairio 

Exposition Daily Press: v. 2, na. 

16; September ai, 1878 

Exposition Pietcrial Advtrtistr: v. 

1, no. 3.9: 1873 
Fair Play {w): v. 6, no. 1, to; 

December 10, 1881; February 

ti, i8Si 
Faith's Jteeord{v): v. 6, nofl.8-13; 

Augu5t-DecemV<et, 1876; v. 7-fl; 

1877-1879; V. ii-ia; tSSi-iSSa 
Formers' Review (w): v- 4, rSSo 
FashionCouner,Chi(ago: October 

Field, Chicago- v. 5-6; February 

19, i S76- February 10. 1877; v. 

ia-15; Aujpjsl 16. 1879-June 35, 

1881. (Title of earlier r». wa<c 

Ficid and Stream. Continued 

as A merican Field] 
Field and Stream (w): v. 3, 4; 

Fcbruarj* ao, i875-Fcbruarj- 13. 

1876. [Continued as Chieugv 

Free We^l (w): v. 1-3; Decem- 
ber i, 1853-july 19. 1855. [Con- 

linuex Wexlem Citizen] 
Cem pj the Prairie {v): v, i; May, 

i844-M«y, 1845; V. 4-7; Decern- 

Ix-r It, 1847-May 24, 1851 
(Jem 0} the West and Soldiers' 

Friend: v. 6, no. 1; January, 

(iwirdian.The: v. 1-4; 1875-1879 
Hard Oder Press, v. 1, tw. i-»i; 

June 6-Ocl. 24. 1840 
Tlausfreund, Der (semi-m): v. 12. 

no. I, 4; January- February, 1867 
ne'Qld,Chitago Daily: v. 1, no, 1, 

no; .\uKiist 16. December a?, 

Heratd, Chicago Morning (d)'. no. 

1047-1173; May lo-October 4, 

Herald, Chicago Morning: no. 1 ; 

March 17, 1879 
Chifago Homoeopath (bi-m): v. j, 

no. I ; Januar)', 1854 
Humane Journal: v. 1, no, i; 

May, 1872 
lUinois and Indiana Medical and 

Surgical J aurnal (hi. m): >i.s. v. 

a, no. i-j; April- December, 1847 
Illinois Schoolmaster (m) : v. (5, no. 

57, V. 9: 1873-1876 
Illinois Stoats- Zeitung (tt): 1875— 

1876; 1888-1898 
lUustraUd Champion: Novem. 

her, 1879 




^^^^^^^^^^^ LfflRARY 369 ^M 

m CUtC\GO—a»U*rmcd 

Ltrto BuiUtin, Chicago Daily (d): ^^| 

1 CbicaijQ Hisloncal Society 

Junp 4, 1873-1900 ^^H 


LecdU Vandfrer: Book 2, no. 2; ^^M 

■ niuslrated Chicago ^' nus {vf) : v. 1, 

Scptrnil>rr and Otrtuljcr, 1870 ^^^| 

■ no. 1-8; Aprit 34, iS68-Jiinc 13, 

Legal AdiHser (w); v. ai, no. 15; ^^H 

■ 1868 

1880; V. 31-37; 1891-1&Q7 ^H 

W lUustraled Joumai (m): V. 1, a; 

Legal Nevis, Chicago (w}: v. 4; ^^^^^| 

November, 1873-1874: v. 3. no. 

1871 ^^^H 

1-6; Jul>— December, 1874 

/>im: 1-3; 1873-1873 ^^^^H 

rUuiiraud Newt, Chicago: v. 1, 

Librarian, Chicago: v. 1, nos. 1-5; ^^^^^| 

no. 3; October i, 1879 

Noveinirer i873-.<\ugu8l, 1873 ^^| 

1 HdepeniUnl: v. 2, no. a; March 

Library Record (m): Januar>-, ^^^ 

Sj. 1^7**- Supplement 

.\pril. May and Juno, 1879; v. 2, ^^H 

litdtx UnivtTiUates: v. 1, no. t; 

no. 1,3-4, 6-7, 9; October, 1880- ^^1 

Marcb, 1863 

.^pri], 1881; V. 3, no. t-5, 7; ^^M 

Industrial World and Commercial 

Octotier, 1883, June, 1884; v. < ^H 

Advertiier (w): v. 14, nO. 14; 

no. 1-5; November. 1883-Ma ^^| 

April 15, 1880 

1884 ^M 

Inleriar (w)i v. 8-1877 + 

Literary and Musical Kevietu (m): ^^| 

Iftlrr Ocean (d): November-De- 

V. 3, no. 4; April, 1880 ^^| 

cember 1879; 1880 + 

Literary Budget (w): v. 1-); 1853- ^^| 

Inter Octan (w): July so, 1876+ . 


[Title changes lo Weebiy Inter 

Literary Rrviru:{\n): v. 1, no. 1, 4; ^^H 

Ocean and Farn(er\ 

May and .\ugu3t, 1879 ^^| 

JriL'tler's Joumai (m): v. i, no. 1; 

Literary Varieties, Chicago; v. 1, ^^^ 

Novcmiicr, 1S79 

no. 3; April, 1873 ^^1 

Jtwiih Advanct\v): v. 1-7; 1878- 

Little Corporal {m): v. t-3; 1865- ^^| 


1866; V. 7, no. 5-v. 8, no. 4; ^^| 

Joumai, Chicago (d): July 37, 

1868-1869; V. 9, no. 3-4, 6; ^^| 

1844- January 1. 1853 

[867: V. 10-15; 1870-1873; V. ^^H 

Journal, Chicago Daily: v. Ij, Qo. 

iQ, no. 3; 1874 ^^H 

189; August 14, i&$A'- ^'- l6> I'*- 

LUUt Corporal's School Festival (q) : ^^H 

66; March 19, 1858; v. 18, no. 

110. 2, April, 1870 ^^1 

331, 335, 338; September 18, 33, 

Living Churrh: v. 1-8; 1878-1886 ^H 

October s, i860. IContinucd as 

Lorgneiu: v. i, no. aS, 35; May 4, ^^M 

Chicago Etfetting Journa!] 


Journal, Chicago Evening (d): 

Chicago Magasine, The H'est as it ^^| 

May 2. 1863; OctubiT 7, 10, 17, 

/j(tn): V. I, no. I '5; 1857 ^^H 

tQ, 34, 1871; Februarj' :i. 1865: 

Chicago Magazine of Fashion, ^^H 

March i, 1867; March 31. 1887 

Music and Home Reading (m): ^^H 

Journal 0} Commtru, Chicago (w) : 

V. 1-6; 1870-1875 incomplete ^^^| 

V. 41-43; 1883; V. 46-49; 1885- 

Weekly Magattte: v. 6-8; Mav 6, ^^| 


1883-Marrb 38, 18S5 ^^1 

Journal of Science: v. 4, no, 9; 

MaU, Chicago Evening: v. 1-4: ^^H 

July 15^ 1880 
Jimliu, Daily: v. 1, no. i; June 

August 18, 1870- January- 10, ^^H 

1874 ^H 

5. '873 

Staii, Chicago Morning (d): v. 1, ^^H 

lAtdies' Friend and Shopping 

no. 41; January 14, 1847 ^^H 

Guide: v. i: January, 1872 

Medical Examiner, Chicago (m): ^^M 

Lake-iide Monthly: v. 5-10 1871- 

V. 1, no, 13; DecemWr, tS6o; ^^M 

1873; V. 11, no. 61, 63; Jan* 

V. 9, no. S; .Augiisi, 1868: v. 10- ^^| 

uary, Febnuiry, 1874 

13; 1S69-1S71. ft-^ontinucd as ^^M 

Juind Chvner (m); v. 3, no. 8; 

.Wrdical Examiner] ^^| 

August, 1870: V. 3, no. 3; 

Medical Esantinei- (tsemi<m): v. 13, ^^M 

February, 1871; v. 4-5; 187s- 

no. 3, 8; February t, April 15, ^^| 

1873; V. f>, no. 6; June, 1874 

1873; V. 14, no. 9; May i, 1873 ^^H 


^^1 anr AGO— tmtimtd 

Nmm»,Chii^» DmOrr iJt77 + 

^^^1 Ckkie» Biafirical Soddy 

Sm1kSiS»Mtmltriyi\: «. >, ao. 


19; Kovnatct 33. 1878: ■%. 3. no. 

34. j5;Ociobcf 4. 1^79. Jantjsrr 

^^^^^ 1866-1867 

^^^^B MMtmt immml, ChiMf (■. 

31. 1S80 

SmA-Wattn &t^a (acnii-m): 

^^^^^^H uti-a): ft. ft. T. tS*;8; *. 

▼. 3. an. 33; Auput is. 1844 

^^^^^^^^ «. .^ ool a, ^bnisjy, 1S60: 

A'ffFOMoier. C^dmt 4*»waO 

(w>: >. 33. 1875+ (adaiog V. 

^^^^^^^^^H St. no. 3-5, 9-11. 1864; 

n- '877) 

^^^^^^^^^H BOi i-j, 1865; 33, 00. 

A'crfJkwiitra JamrwaJ 9f ffujuj 

^^^^^^^^^1 4-5. lO-tl. 1866; T. 14. OO. 

«/wlUa (m): t. t-»; t84ft-i&«9. 

^^^^^^^^ > 7-9. i^: <r- >5-3(> >^^^ 


.VoflAwalivM fawliiw («): 

Jamurr it, 1870- December ii. 

^^^^^^F CAtca^o (m>: 


^^^^^^■^ no. .1, MarJ), i}t;6; v. 34, 1877; 

iV«rlA««il<r« UagjOMmt: r. a. no. 

^^^^^^L J5. no. 0. Ucccmber. 1877; 

1 ; December. 1874 

^^^^^H V. ^6-37, 41. >». J, 

Sortkwiitm iledkai aarf Smrgieai 

^^^^^^1 Sqiumber, 1880: v. 43, no. 4. 

Jmmai (bi m, m); v, t-4; 

^^^^^^H April, 18S1; V. 44, no. 4-3. 

1848-1851; n- t. V. (-6; iSs*- 

^^^^^^H Ocbitier-N'ovcmber, iSSt; 47, 


^^^^^^^H 00. 1-3, Jolv-SeptembcT. 1883; 

t^orthwtsttrm Pmtfil fm): v. t, no. 

^^^^^^^H V. 4^ DO. 3, September, 1X84; 

3: April. 1S60 

^^^^^^^H s~b. Much- June, 

Narikwiltrm Qmartirly ifagathu: 

^^^^^H 1885; 51-S8, 1885-1889 

no. 1 ; October, 1858 

^^^^^^^H Afttlkai Rtgiittr, Ckitago: 

JVorlhwaUm Rgview (m): v. 8, 

^^^^^H 1873; 1874-1875; 1876-1877; 
^^^^H 1884-1885 

no. 4; April, 1873; V. 0, 00. 6, 

December, 1873 

^^^^^^^H Nttcantiie Jaurnai and WttlUy 

yortkwtslern Sunday SchaoJ 

^^^^^^^^P PrUe Curreni (w): 1- 

Tmukers' QuarUrty: v. i; 1865 

^^^^^^^ 36: April i3~October <;, 1871 

^"■^^^(w): V. 6.00. it;KebniAiy 

^^^^1 MrrthifUi Weekly Circular, Chi- 

14, iS;*); V. 14, no. 38; Decem- 

^^^H eago: 3. n. s. no. 14; April 11, 

ber ^i, 1886 

^^H 186} 

Our Pidure Caligry (m) : V. 1 ; 187S 

^^^^H MiUtna/ian: v. 1, nO. i; Jaou&ry 

Ptopi^t D«i%lal Jountai {€{): v. i; 

^^H 1874 


^^^^H Mirtat of Pashuma (w): v. s, no. 

Pf0f>l^t JllustraUd WmkJy and 

^^^H 6; July 17. 1879 

^^^^H AfoMliUy (edited at the L'nirer- 

Prairie farmer: v. 54, no. 4; 

SeptenitK-r 31, 1881 

^^^H rily o( St. Mary of the L^ke): v. 

Ptttpie's Paper: r. i, no. i, a; 

^^^^H 6: June, t8A5 

July 36. August 16, 1873 

^^^H Motheri' Journal Tm): v. 3J-3S: 

Pkarmaiiit (iri): v. ti, no. 1-3; 

^^H 1 868- 1870 

January- March, 1S78 

^^^^H Muitum, Chicago Daily: v. 1, no. 

Play (w): v. 4, no. 14, 17; Octo- 

^^^H 117; Januarv 33, 1864 

ber 18, 1880. lanuanr 10, it. 

^^^H AtyslifSlarim): v. 5-4): 1866-1868 


^^^^1 Nati4fmil Banner (m): i, nus. 1- 

Pomeroy's Democrat .- June 30. 

^^^H q; May i- December, t&b7 

1877-ApriI 3. 1880. 

^^^^1 Nolienal Ltve-SltJirk Jaurmtl (m): 

Post (r!): Srptrmlicr i2, 1865. 

^^^^B '"'f' ^pti^niher iR, 1870- 

Pest, Chicago (d): October 34- 

^^^1 TJecetniwr. 1886 

UciemlTr 14, 1H66 

^^^^B iVd/MHui/ Sunday School Teacher 

Post, Chicago EveHtng (d and w) : 

^^^H (tn): V. 1-6: 1866-1871; V.9, 1874 

Dc<Tmljer i?-^!!, 1866: Fcbruarv 

^^^^1 iVnv Covenant (w): January 4- 

30, i867-JafiuaTy 10, 1874; [JuJv 

^^^^H N'ovemtwr 33, 1877 

10, i87i-Man:h 30, 1873] 

CHTCAGO — fMiiwiwrf 
Chicago historical SodOy 
Chk a<;i) 
Pou, Chieago Morning (d): v. 4: 
Seplcnilvr5. i863-Ai>ril3o. 1864 
Chicago ppxl and Mail (d and w): 
Januarv 11, i874-I>cc<;mlicr 26, 

Prairit Parmer: v. 5; 1845; v. 
12-15; »849-'8ss; II- *■ V. 7: 
o. s. V. 33; n- ». V. lo-ii. IJ-14, 
10. 46-sS: i86i. i«»2-i£64, 
186S, 1875-18S6 
Pre Thy/(trwi» £x^ritor (m) : V. l-j; 

/•rfji (t^: V. I, no. 1; Oclolwr, 1870 
Pms, Chicago (it): v. 5-ft: June 

'3. i85;-Jure 30, e8s8. [Con- 
tinued as Prns and Tribunt] 
Prtii and Tribune (d): v. ij-i^; 

July I. 1858 October 34, i860 
PriitltHg Pms (l)i-m): v. i-uo i- 

4: July, [S7s-April. 1876; v. a, 

no. 5-7. Jimi--<>rU)bit^r, 1876 
Pulpit, Chicago (w); v. t, no. 5; 

jnnuary 27, 187a; v. i, no. 15; 

April 7, 187a; V. 2, no, 32; 

Auffust 3, 1873; V. 3. no. 59, 77; 

Ffiimary 8, June 14, 1873 
Rail Sf>iUter (w): v. i, no. 5, 9-10, 

12-18; July 2t, Augu&t 18, 25, 

Septfint>er 3, 8. 15. 33. 29, 

Octol>rr6, 13, 37, i80o, [Num- 

l»cr fur ScntcmlxT 3<J 

PieUrriiit Ritil S!>liUtr\ 
RaUrtmd (.lasttte (w); October 32, 

i87t5-.^u(;u»t 5, (871 
RaittL-ay AdvtriiTing BuUetin (d): 

V. I, no. i-ioo; .^uku.*!! 4- 

NovcRiber 20, 1879 
Raitteay Age (w): ir. fr-ii; 1881- 

Railway and Engintering Revirw 

(w) : \ . j; ; 1887, (ConlinUFS 

Chicago Railway Revinv) 
Raiiuity Rrt'inp, Chicago (w): v. 

15-26; Julv 7, iS77-Deccniber 

35. i«K6 
Real Kniiir and PuUdiag Joumai 

(w).' March 3. 1872- July 3, 1897 
Record, Chicago (m); v. 1-5; 

April I. i85;-Mftrch 15, 1863 
Retigio-PkUosopkicat Journal (w): 

March 25, jft7i-April 13, 1895, Chicago: (i) v. 1-4; 

Nowmtjcr 25. i8rt5-Sepleml>er 

10, i86«. (») Ociobcr so. 1867- 
Scptcmbcr 31. 1870; February 

20. March, ?.^, June i, July 3. 
AugUNt 7, September i ;, Octubcr 
7, 13. 13, 14. IS. 16, 1871; 
Januan' 22-Manh 22, 1872: 
li) V. r. no. 43. 56. 57- 6'. *4. 79- 
80, 116, 133, 136, 133-6, 139 
144. 149. is8h53, 176; July 
17, August 3. 3, 8, II, 30, 31. 
October la, ao, 24. November 
1-4, 8. 14, JO, 30, IJcccmbcr 1-4, 

21, 39, i86,s; (4) May IJ, SepU-m- 
tier 9. (Vlolicr 15. November 3. 
A, 7, [>w«-mlw;r 2. 4. 1871 

Rrpttbticon. Tri-Wtekly: v. i, no. 
9: \ovciiil<er 23, t865 

Revieiti, Chicago (w): v. 1, no. 32, 
14-35; November a, 16. 13, 

Ribbon Rezneu; Chicago (w): v. i, 
no, 1-30. MarrJi 24-Otlober 
It), 1S78. [Xo. 3, 13, iSmiMing] 

Rounds,' Prititera' Cahittel: v. 10. 
no. 4; July, 1866; V. la-v, 38, 
no. 3; i86S-ApriI. 1883 (except 
V. s6, no. 4, and v. 37, no. 2, 
V. 30-33, no. I. 1885-1888) 

Suturda y Rvening Herald (w) • 
Mafch I, June 35, 1879; Febru- 
ary aS, 18S0; Deccnilier lO. 1881 ; 
f anuar>' 14. 31. August 5, 
Scptcinljcr 3^, 30, October 7, 3t, 
Novemlicr 4. 18. 35, 1882: 
Febni«r>- 1, Juinr 0, 18S3, May 
17, July jft. 1884; Auiiusl 1^, 
[88s; Julv >o. 1*^6; February 
26, 1887 ; July 7. 1888 4- [.AuRUSi 

11. I S97 -November 10, 190a 

Schoolmaster. Chicago (m): v. 4- 

V, 6. no. 56; ia7i-J«nuary 1873 
Sloan's Garden City (w): v. 1-3: 

Julv 23. 1853-May 5, 1855 
Spiritual Record (w): v. 1; 1879; 

V. 2. no; 14, 18H0 
Standard (w): v. 31 +, September 

34, 1874 + 
SttjrWeeidy: v. r. no. 5. November 

II. 187.1 

Slairs.The: v. i, no. 8, 11, Septem- 
ber 8. November 17, 1877 

Sun (d); V. 3, no, 67, Frfiruwy lo, 

Suwiay School Scholar (m): v. 3, 


H C HICAGO — coniitHud 

30, 187 3 ; September 39, October 

^H Cbicagi> Ht->i(irica! S'xiely 

9, 10, i87»; April 13, 1873, July 

^^^_ Chicago 

15, 16, October 8, 1874; January 

^^^H Teacher, Chicago (w): i-j; 

[873-September, 18S7 

^^^B 1873-1874 

Times and Herald, Daily: v. r, no. 

^^^^H Tfif graph, Chicago Daily: nos. 

3, 43, 48; September 10, 17, 34, 

^^^^H 1-1040: Mairh 26, t&jSC-Mav q. 


^^^m iS»i 

Times-JIeraid, Chicago (d) : March, 

^^^^^ 7'iMej (tl and w): v. 1, do. 1 ; jane 

t89&~April, 1898. [Con»ol. w. 
JtMord March 38, igotj 

^^^^^^H 13, iS53~Nfay 3. 1853; Apiil 3, 

^^^^^^H May it^i^d; Janu&r>- 13, 1857; 

Tribune (w): v. i-v. 3, no. 31; 

^^^^^^^H januHry 6. 14. 30, Fchniary 6, 
^^^^^^^H Mav M, JtiiM 4, Orlohrr 37, 

April 4, t84o-Auf5ust at, 1841. 
A 1 published 

^^^^^^^H Novcm)>cr ij, December ss* 

Tribune, Chicago (d).' v. 14 + ; 

^^^^^^^H 1H58; May 34, i860; June 8, ii- 

Otiol«r as, i860 + [See Prus 

^^^^^^H ao, October 15, 1861 ; January i, 

and Tribune] 

^^^^^^^H 5> 8, 35, .^i. Feliniar)- 30, March 

Union Park BaHner: v, 3, nO. 7; 

^^^^^^H 35, April 15, May q, 

March, 1873 

^^^^^^^H 1 1.;. 36, July TO, August 10, 17, 

United Staters Medical and Surgical 

^^^^^^^H Sc|>lemher, 14, 38, Nowcnber 

Journal (q): v. 1; 1865-1866; 

^^^^^^H 2. [>cccRit)cr 10. 38. 1863; Jonu- 

s. 5, no. 15; April. 1S69; v. 6, 

^^^^^^^^H ar\ 35, Prhruary 8, April 15, Mftv 

no. 33, 34; January, July, 1871^ 

^^^^^^^H 3, Juae 14. July 36, i^eplein- 
^^^^^^^H Iter 37,OL*totwr4. 17, 35, N'ovem- 

V. 7; 1871-1872; V. 8. no. 39,31, 

33; October. 1872. April, July, 
1873; T. 9, no. 33. 34, 36; OctolKT 

^^^^^^^1 ben. December 6, 30. tSA^; Jan- 

^^^^^^^H uary to, 13, March i.t. May 10, 

1873, January-July. 1874 

^^^^^^^B 33, June to. July 17, 

Vniiy: v. 10, 11, 17+ ; 1883. 1884. 

^^^^^^^ Auffiut 38, ^ptembcr 33, Octo- 

1890 + 

^^^^1 lirr 9, jo, Noveiiiijcr 3.), Ilercm- 

Voice 0} Moioury (ro): v. 5, 6; 

^^^^H tier 17, iS, 1864; Januaf)- 39, 

1857,-1868; V. 7. no. 4; 1S69; 

^^^^H Krbruiiry 5, 36, MurLli 15, 

V. II, no. 4; 1873; V. 13-15; 

^^^^B 17, 31, April 16, Muy 14, Octo- 

1874-1877; V. 16, no. 6,8; 1878; 

^^^^H ber 4, 31, Navcmbcr 4, Decem- 

V. i8-3o; 1880-1883; V. 31, no. 

^^^^H Iter 31, 1865; January 35, 

9: 1883. [MisMng V. 6, no. 1 ; v. 

^^^H February 3t. :.}, 34, 36, 

13, no. I, 6; V. 13, no. i, 6,9-13; 

^^^^H M.irch 4, A])ril 33, 39, July 8, 

V. 15, no. 9, It; V. 18, no. 1-3, 

^^^^H September g, 17, \o\'ember I3, 

6-fi; V. 19, no. 5,9; V. ao, no. t-6] 

^^^^P 37, Dccem^wr 35 , 1 8{M ; 

V oiceof the Fair {vi):v. 1-33; 

^^^^^ January 13, February 34, March 

April 37-June 34, 1865 

^P 1. 36, April 5, May 35. June 2. 
^ 1 1, iS, AuRUst y, 14, September 

Volanteim): v. i, no. 6; v. 3, do. i; 

V. 3. no. 4; *■. 4. no. 1-5; V. 5, 

jS, December 39, 1867; March 

no. 3; V. 6, no. 5, 6 

39, May 34,31, June 6. 7. 13. 3:, 

Washington {m): 1876-1893 

28, Julv ty, Oclol»rr 18. Novem- 

W aUhmaker 5' Magazine {n^ I v. a. 

ber I,' 4, 1868; February 18, 

no. s, 6; March, April, 1873 

May It, October to. 18. 31, 

Watchman (m): v. 3, no. 9; July, 

Xoveml»cr 11, 14. i860; Januarj- 

1876; V. 3, no. 3, 18; December | 

I, 37, February 1. 35, May so, 

I, 1876, October i. 1877 

37, 31, June I, 3, IE, 13, 19, 30, 

Watchman 0} (he Prairies [vt): v. t- 

31, 34, 36, 37, July 3- 4. «3-l5. 

6; Auj^sl 10, i84^Febniaty 33, 

17, 33, 23, 26, 29, 31, August 8, 

1853. [Became CArii/wjK Tttiut, 

II. 13-15. 17. iQ. 21, Scptcmt>cr 

then Standard\ 

iS. 35, December 3. 4, 1H70; 

Wes$ End Advocate (w): v. n, no. 

June 33, July as, 37, AukuM i^, 
Seplcmbcr 33. 36, Ociol^r 1, 19, 

304; December 14. 1878 

Wesiern AgricuUurnlifl and Live 

l87t; DcremlxT 8, iSyi-Martb 

Slack Jtntrmil: iRrR-iS^ 




CHICAGO — conltHued 
Chicago Historical Societ>- 


Weslfm Sookteiitr (m): v. r. no. 
lo-v. 3; October, iSeS-Decem- 
ber, 1869. [Missing v. a, no. 6, 10] 

Walem Citizen (w); v, i-ii; 
i84»-i8sv [Continued as /■>« 

Weslern tJarland: v. 3, no. 5; 
April, 1856 

Western Htr aid {'■••)'• v. 1-53; 
April, 1846- March ji. 1B47 

WaUrn Home (in): v. a, no. i; 
July, 1869. 

Western Xfagatine (m): v. 1; 1845 

Western Magatine (m) : v. 1-5 ; 

Western Afanufiulurer (m): v. t, 
3: April. i8;4-March, 1875. 
[i877-i8»6, inocMiiplele] 

Wttlem Monthly: v. 1-4: 1869- 
1870- [Continued Bs Lokrstde 

Wrjtern Paper Trad* (m): 1881- 
\?Ai (iiifOinpletr) 

Western Pnijfit (m) : v. i; 1866 

Western Ratlroad Catette (w): v, 1- 
4. 7; 1857-1864. Quarto series, 
V. 2, 1870-1871 

Western Rural: v. 6S; 186&- 
:87o; v ij-ja; 1875-1894. (Ex- 
cept V. 6, no. i-^>.) [Continued 
HA Western Rural onj American 
Stockmen, with no. for Septem- 
ber a 3, 1 83^] 

Western Shoe and Leather Review 
(w): V. 3, no. 8; Fcbniarj- 31, 

Weslern ToWrt (w): t. i. no. 2, 
4-8, II, 13, t$, 16, 19-39, 34, 

27-39. 31. 34. j6. 38-44: y- », no. 

*-S. 3»-3S. 30; February 14. 

1851-Octobcr 39, 1853 
Western Temperance Advocate (w): 

Wild Edi^ertan's Weekly Evergreen: 

no. i->3; 1876-1877 
Words 0} Lift (m): v. 1. no. 6. [No 

World, Chicago: v. 10, no. 41 ; 

December 4, 1880 
Young Folks' Rural: v. 7. no. s: 

Scptenilier. 1880. [Supplement] 
Youth's Evangelist and Little 

PreacJter (w): v. si, no. j. 5. 6, 

8, 10; January 19, February 3, 
q, a^^, March 8, 1S79 
Youth's Cautte: v. i. no. 8; July 

26, 1843. 


Randolph County Demoeroi: v. 3, 
no. lao, 133; April 16, July 9. 
1859; V, 6, no. 18, 30: Mav 3. 

17. i86a 

Times and Seasons. See Nauvoo 
litinois State Chronicle (w): v. 3, 
no. 5 1 ; Decemtier 34, 1857 ; 
V. 4, no. 7, 40-41: February 18. 
October?. 14. 185S 
TeUgra^k (w): n. s. no. 180; Mav 

Teltgraph and Heraldry): n. s. no. 

170; February 37. 1873 
Western Farmer (m): 1875-1877 



Wesltm Postal Review: v. 5, no. 
3; Dtt-embej", 1877 

Crins (w>T V. 1, no. 19, 23, August 

14, September 9, 1830 
Illinois Advocate (w): v. i. no, 2; 

Februar)' 23, iB^i-Au^ust 7, 

Illinois Corrector (w): v. 1,00.45; 

August a$, i8a8 
Spectator: v. j-6; April 18, i8ao- 

Februarys, 1835 
Advocate: v. 29. no. 51; December 

22, 1883 
Catette: v. i, no. 34, ao: January 

18, Febniary 8. 1851 

Weslern Christian: v. 1-6; 184&- 


Advertiser: v. t, no. 1-43; July 20, 

1S29; Mfty 24, T830 
Advertiser [semi'w): v. 10, no. 

ij; June 15, 1847 
Daily Courier: v. t, no. 35; 

February 8, 1856 
Democrat: v. 2, no. 35; Uay 30, 

Galenian: v. i, no. i-t6; May 2, 

Jeffersonian: v. 2, no. 12; Mar- a$, 



^^^H CHICAGO — continued 

Illinois OgmoenU: v. 1, do 3; ^^H 

^^^^M ChicAjfo Hiiti>rica1 Society 

June 3, 1840 ^^M 

^^^H Galema 

■ Illinois SkiUsmaH[w): v. i. no, t- ^^ 

^^^^1 Minrrs" Jommat: July 22, tS78- 

3,6, 8-9, II, 13, 15-16, i8-»5, 1 

^^^^1 September 19, iS^g; June la. 

J7-30. Xl-M. .16-38. 4«-S5. 47- ^J 


48, 50-52; April 1843-May 37. ^H 

^^^^1 N arthvfeitem Castttt (w): V. iq, 

1844 ^H 

^^^H no. 3; Xov. 

Morgan Journal: v. 6, no. 8; ^^H 

^^^^1 N orikweittrn CatttU and Galtna 

July 31. 1849 ^^1 

^^^^1 Advfrttso' t^w): V. 5, nO. 13; 

Rrpublit-on (w): v. a;, no. Ii; ^^H 

^^^H June 1843 

March 14. t86t ^^| 

^^^H Gkneseo 

ll'rjfrrn .S'/ur (scmi-m): v. t; 1845 ^^| 

^^^^1 SlanJard:v. t,no. 11 ; Nov. 1, 1^55 

(<k)<I nos.); v. 3, no. 6; March ^^| 



^^^^H Knpxiana (m): v. tt, no. 1-8, 


^^^^H November, 1856- June, 1857 

Repubiican a»d Sun: v. 16, no. ^^M 

^^^^H Oak Leaf (m); 1, no. 7-j, J-H; 

311 ; Scjttemlwr 6, 188S ^H 

^^^^M November, December, 1856^ 

Republican: a. 9. v. a, no. 46; ^^| 

^^^^B April, May, 1857 

March 2t, 1874 ^^H 

^^^H GitAyvir.i.F 

Signal, V. i, no. 29, 30; Dec. 27, ^^M 

^^^H Herald: v. .t, no. 30: September 

1843. Jan. 3, 1844 ^H 

^^H 1^57 

.<>ui> ffl): V. 6, no. to; October 6, ^H 

^^^H GxrFNvtt.Li: 


^^^^H ProUstanI \ToniUrr: t. a, no. ,;6; 

Kankakfe ^H 

^^^H M&ich 5, 1847; V. 3, ao. j; 

Herald (w): v. i, no. 30; April 26, ^^M 

^^^^1 August 18. 1847: estm, Decem- 

•873 ■ 

^^^^1 bcr 17, 

Kaska&kia ^^M 

^^^H Hauiltun 

Illinois iHttltinettcer (w): v. 3. no. ^ 

^^^H DolLir Miitithly avd Old SeUle^s* 

42, 47-48; June ift, July 21, a8, J 

^^^^1 Mrmorial (ra): 1-5; May 1, 

[Siq; V. [}, no. .17; December 3, ^^M 

^^^H i$7jt-A}>ri), 1877 

1S25; V. 13-15: Maixh 1.1. iR2q- ^^M 


January 28, 1831 [incomplete] ; ^^M 

^^^^1 Gfnius oj VtntTsat Emanripalion: 

V. ti, no. 22*. Septcm^jcr 19, ^^H 



^^^H Journal: 1, no. 34. 36, ,^0, 4.^ 

Knoxvilli; ^^M 

^^^^H OceoImt 13, 36, 1837; January 

Dioftve: v. 5, no. 1 : May, 1877 ^^| 

^^^H 37, March 3, t8jt8 


^^^H Hn.T.SBOiio 

Fulton Democrat: v. 15, no. 17; ^^| 

^^^^1 Motitf^emery County Herald (w): 

Ortotier 22, 1869 ^^^ 

^^^^P V. i, no. 50; Julv -!,, 1858 

LtTTLK I'oMr ^H 


iMke County Visiter {sjc): v. i. no. ^^| 

^M Journal: v. i. no, 3; Jtine 13, 1853 

3. 7< 4, 13, 14, 16, lS-30, 33-4; ^^1 

^^^^ Hyde Park 

May 4-Octobcr 2. 1S47 ^H 

^^^^B Daily Sun: $l\\ year, no. i-ig8; 

Pureupinr. LUile Fort: v. T-12; ^^M 

^^^H May to-Dcccmber .11. iS;S 

Marrh 4. iS45-Man:h 23. 1847 ^^M 

^^^^1 Herald: January 3, 1885-Scplcni- 

Iajw^ll ^^M 

^^^^H bcT .^0, 1887: V. 8, no. 3<;-^lS; 

Gevius of Liberty: December 19, ^^| 

^^^H Octoltcr 7-De(rcmher jo, 1887: 

1840-April 3, 1842 [complete ^^M 

^^^^1 V. 4; i8f!R: 10, 1-13; 

Troiri V. 1 , no. t] ^^| 

^^^^H January 4- March 39, tSSg 

MAHttnALL ^^M 

^^^H jAeKso\-\7U.r. 

Clnrk County Herald: V. t, no. ^^M 

^^^^B Iliinoisa's (w): r. %, no. 14; April 

13. 16, 27. 38; 1868-1869: V. 3, ^H 

^^^H 1840: V. 4, no. s; Feb. ij, 

no, 9. 49; 1870-1871; V. 8, no. 1 

^^^^1 1841 ; V. 6, no. 3. 50, 5 z; 

34, 43, 43, 50, 51; 1875; V. 9, DO. J 

^^^H NovcmLver 17. 1843. Much aa. 

7. 15. ao, 30; [876: V. 12. no. ^H 

^^^H .\pril ^, 1S44 

43: 1879 ^M 






^ CHICAGO —conltKuni 

Olncy ^^H 

^^ Cbicai;o HUtEirkal Society 

7'iin«(w): ^. 3, no. 2o;Novemb'!i ^^H 

^H Maksitall 

10, 1858; V. 4, no- 45, 52; May ^^H 

^y EasUrH UlinoisaH: v. 2, 4. 6. n. s. 

18, July 6. t86o; v. 17, no. »; ^^H 

5; 1S54-1&83; [incoinplete] 

June 1, tS8i ^^M 

HortMl: v: 1, nu. 4, g, 1.1, m- 35, 

Oquawka ^^H 

»7-30- 35. 38, 43; Novemlwr i. 

Leisure Moments {m): v. 1, nos. ^^^| 

Peccmber 6, iSfg; JanuArv 3, 

i-ii; AuffUM, 1870- June, 1871 ^^^| 

10, March 19. April 17. 19, 3<>, 

Ottawa ^^H 

May 3, June 7, 38, August a, 

American Milter (m); v. 1, no. 1; ^^^^ 


May, 187'^; V. 3, no. 1; May, ^^H 

lUinstix State Drmocrat: v. 2, no. 

1874. ^H 

ja; SepKnibcr ji, 1850 

statesman (w): v. i, no. ly, March ^^H 

Mesjenger: v. 3.^,;, 10, ii. 13,34; 

33. 1869 ^^H 

1866-1884; [incomplete] 

Palest! n'e: ^^H 

iftmitor: Seplemfjer, 1886 

Ruralist: v. 1, no. 37: Kebnury ^^H 

Te/tsraph: v. i, 3, n. s. v. 1, 3; 


(833-1856; [iacomplete] 

Paris ^^H 


lltittois Stateitium: v. 1, no. 36; ^^^| 

HeraM: v. 37, no. 16; Januar>- 

NQvember 9, 1838; n. &. v. ^^^| 

». »903 

no. 4: Januaiy 31, 1840 ^^H 



EnUrprUt: Scpte-nVr 7, 1876- 

Itlinois Teacher {in): s. 3, XM. t-ii; ^^H 

August 13, 1877 

1856; V. 3, no. 6, la; 1857; ^^H 


V. 4; 1858; V. 5, no. 1-3, 8-10, ^^H 

Rei'iew: v, 11, no. a; January- 10, 

13; 1859: V. 6, no. 1-3. 4: i860: ^^^1 


V. to, no. 1-6; 1864; V. 18, no. ^^^| 


1873 ^^1 

Aitveriiser: v. 2, no. 1; Auj^uM 4, 

Memento and Odd FelUnus North- ^^^| 


iitstern Magatine (m): v. 1-5; ^^^| 

Grundy County Herald v. 1 (o- s- 

1854-1860; V. 7-8; April, 18A7- ^^^1 

10) no. 44 ; Fehruajy 8, 

March, 1869 ^H 

fferaid: v. so, no. 6; Scplcirlicr 

Daily Xaiiotwl Democrat: v. i, ^^H 

no. 56, 65; Octulier 26, Xo- ^^^| 

•7. 1S7S 

vemher 5, i86t; ^^^| 

Heraid and Adverliirr: v. 19. no. 

Peoria Register and Northwestern ^^H 

11 ; December a;, 187JI 

Gasxiteer: v. 1-3; 1S37-1839 ^^H 

Mound City 

QtriNin' ^^H 

Journal: v. 1. no. 46; Septemlier 

Courier. Doily Morning: v. 1, tio. ^^^| 

38. 1865 

10; September 33, 1S45 ^^^| 

National Emporium: v. 1. 00. rS; 

Democrat, Doily: Q»inty: v. t, no- ^^^| 

October g, 1856 

61; Xovembcr a, 1858 ^^^| 


Herald: v. 4, no. s: October id. ^^H 

Haueoek Eagle: v. i, no. 1-4, 6-7, 

1846; <r. 1 3, no. 3b^; Srplember ^^^| 

*i<?-ii: .ApriJ 3, 10, 17, 24, May 

-> 5. i86a: V. 13, no. atg; July ^^H 

8, 15, 2g, June 5. la, 1846 

Jri8, 1863; V. I.;, no. 18; N'ovem- ^^^| 

Neio CiltKn: February 34, March 

bcr aS, 1863 ^^H 

10. 1847 

lUinois Bounty Land Register: v. ^^^| 

Neighbor: v. i. 3; 1843-1845 

I, no. i; .April 17, 1835 ^^^| 

Times and Seasons (m, scrai-m); 

Nevf.i. Quitjcy Daily: no. 156; ^^H 

n. 1-6; December, iS^cj-Fchni- 

Anf^gi 7, 1877 ^^^1 

aty 15. :84''> 

Daily Skirmisher: no. i-;; Octo- ^^H 

iVrttp: fR4i 

Ivr 11-15. 1864 ^^H 


Tribune iind Free Soil Bamter: ^^^M 

JaumaJ: v. 18, no. »3; June 11. 

I, no. t: September 13, ^^H 


1S4S ^H 


H OKCAGO —cofUinued 

Steklino ^^H 

^M Chicago Hisiarlcal Society 

Giuatt: V. 9, no. 24; September 1, ^^H 

^^^_^ Robin;>on 

1866; V. 14, no. 34, 43; November ^^H 

^^^^k ConitUtUion:\ 19, no. 4ti January 

4. 1871; Jonuar)- 6. 1873; v. 16, ^^H 

^^M 3. issj 

no. 4, 13, 33; April 5, May 31, ^H 

^^^H Rock SrioNG 

August 16, 1873; V. 3t, no. 17; ^^H 

^^^H Wtsitm Fiotutr: Septemticr t, 

.April 3, 1875 ^H 

^^^B 1830: July 17. J835 

Republican and Catelte: v. i, no. ^^H 


15; June 36, 1858 ^^H 

^^^^1 Fofum: v, 4, no. 46-50; v, 5, no. 

Standard: v. 1. no. Sc; Man-h 8, ^^H 

^^^H no. 1; Jaauar>' *~t Febniaiy 3, 

t878 ^1 

^^^^B to. 17. 34, Man:)) 17, {$47 

Vandaua ^^I 

^^^^1 Kirsm'ii.i.F: 

Agtff Sttam: v. i, no. 7, q, 15-17, ^^H 

^^^^^^^ Illinois Republican: 1, no. 4; 

23, 34-35- 37-3S, 31, 33-37,39- ^H 

41. 44, 53; May 30, 1854-JuDe ^^H 

^^^^^^^B Jatiuar>- 3, 1S40; extn, Fehnian- 



^ Ttst: V. I, tM. 3q; Dec. 6, 1S3S 

Fayette Yeoman and Railroad Jour- ^^^M 

^^^H St. Charles 

nal: v. t, no. 1. 6, 9, 19, 31-33, ^^H 

^^^^H BeUtrCovettant: a, no. 1-4,1, no. 

3». ^S-J*^. 4". June 33. '*49- ^^1 

^^^^H St; 1843-1844. [Pub. in Chccai;^ 
^^^H beginning v. 3, no. 14, April 6. 

Mayss. 1S50. [Between August ^^H 

35 and December 1, 1849, title ^^H 


changed to Fayette Yeoman] ^^H 

^^^H Shawvektown 

Fayette County Seiirj: v. 3, no. ^^H 

^^^^H Tliinois Gatttle: 3, no. 33, 40, 

18; June 10, 1&80 ^^H 

^^^^1 41. ^ no. 51: Mairh 16, July 

Weekly Union: v. 18, no. 19: ^^H 

^^^^1 29> .K\i%\xsX 5, iJtzo; February 4, 

.August 10, 18S1 ^^H 

^^^H 1833 

Fret Press: v. 1, no. 37, 43, 46, 48, ^^H 

^^^H Jttinois ReptMican: v. 3, no. 40: 

53: .'Vpnl 6. June 15, July 6, 3o, ^^H 

^^^^1 Nov tS.)3 

August 31,1844 ^^H 

^^^^1 SPKlNGrlKLU 

Fret Press and Illinois Wkii>: v. i. ^^H 

^^^^1 Illinois Herald: v. a, no. r3; April 

no. 14, March 4, 1837; v. 3, no. ^^H 

^^^^H lUinaii State JtntmaJ: v. 8-25, 

t4. 47; October }8, 1837; July ^^H 

3S, (838; V. 3, no. It, 14, 18, 19, ^^H 

^^^^P no. 360; iS55-.\pril 16, 1873; 

33. 34. .^S. 40, 43. 50: January ^H 

^ V. 3^, no. 175; Janu»ry 3, 1884; 

JO, 34. February 31, aft, June 7, ^^H 

^^L September 13, 1867 [incomptrte] 

91, aS, August 3, 16, November ^^H 

^^^^H tllinms Stale Re^iUer: tfi^g-i^io; 

I, 1839; V. 4. no. d. 10, 18, 33, ^^H 

^^^^H 1840-18^7; [incomplete]; n. s. 

a6, 37, 3); January 34, February ^^H 

^^^H V. 8, no. 7, Oi-lol>cr 3, 184O 

31, April 34. May 39, June 19, ^^H 

^^^^H lUinais Synoplitrnl Rrf'tntrr (lii-m): 

July 34, 1840; V. 1, n. &. no. 31, ^^H 

^^^^H V. I, no. 3; Oeccirhcr. 1879 

noa. 35; 1843 ^^H 

^^^^H lliinoin Washini^tonian (m]: 

Illinois Advofote and Stale Register ^^H 

^^^^f no. 1; March 1, 184$ 

(w): Januan- 13, 18^^-June 34, ^^H 

^ lUinoii Unionist and Statesman: 


^B V. I. no. 13: March 9, 1853 

JUinms Inteltigentrr. (See Ka9> ^^H 

^^ Ifasimie Trowel (m): v. 1, no. 6- 

kaslda) ^^H 

11; .August- Oeccmber. iSfia; v. 

Illinois Monthly Magatine: v. 1, 3, ^^H 

4. no. 13; Occ«nitier 15, 1S65; v. 

1830-1831; 1831-1833 ^^H 

II, n. s. no. 13, 15-17; June, 

Illinois State Register and Illinois ^^H 

Aujcust-Octolier, 187a 

Advocate: n. s. v. t, no. 7-ao; ^^H 

Odd Fellows Union (m); v. i; 

March 35- June 34. 1836 [18^7- ^^H 

MarrS, 1866- February, [867 

1839] fwith V. I, no, 3o title ^^H 

Sangamon Journal: v. 5-16; 1836- 

changed to Illinois Stale Register ^^H 

1847 [incoroplctcj 

and People's Adi'tKate] ^^H 

Slate Arfiui (w): v. i, no. 1; July 

iVhig and Illinois Ittlelligencer: ^^H 

10, 1S70 


n. 5. 3. no. 18. 33-34. 43. 46- ^H 



CHICAGO — tentinued 
Chicago Hbtorical Society 


49. 53; Augusi ai. i8j3-Jmie 13, 
i3.t4, V. i, no. I, 8; Juite 19, 
Aufust 38, 1834 
SitHai: Janitary 1^, Fehruary 10. 
May 14, 1845 [incomplete]; 
V, 3, no. 3Q, .p; Septemlicr i;, 
Octol(er jg. 1845; v. 3. no. ts, 
' 34, 3$^ 3;; June 17, Ortulier 30, 
3;. November 14. 1646 
Irotfuois County Times: v. q, no. 
3.1; Aagurt 30, 1S79 


P.tntagrafh: v. 3, no. so; April 
58. 1S81 
West York 
j4(ft>o*fcr; r. 1. no. 33; AugUBi 33, 
18S4; V. a, no m; August 14, 

John Crarar Ubnf7 (J) 


AfnerUiin Antiifunritin untt Orimtut 
Journal: v. i+, A|)ri], iS;8+. 
[v. I, 3. entitled Amtrkau Anii- 

Ameruan Set Joumai: v. 19, no. 
1-16, iS-iO, 3S-4g; 1883. 

Botanical GateUe (m): v. 1 +. 
18754- [y. I, Boiankal BuUtlin] 

Bureau: v. 1-3; Oclolicr, 1869- 
July. 1S73. [v. I. no. i-S 
wlrtitle reads A Chronkle 0} ike 
Commerce and .Xfanu/iu-iurer-i e/ 

Carriage Jourrmi (m): v. 15, no. 4- 
V. iH(inc.); April, 1890-1893 

Chiatgorr Arhdtrr ZeUung: v. 10. 
iw. I as; Octotier, i«S6 + 

Ckronicle: v. 1, no. 11, 39. 33-36, 
.58, 40-46; Manh 15. July 19, 
August 9-Septeniber 6, Septem- 
ber »o, Oclotier-Novcmlwr 15, 
t866: V. 3. no. 38, 53: September 
17, December 31, 1868. [v. 1. 
Banking and IruuraHf-eChronielf 
V. 3 and 18, Insyrance Chron- 

Daily Commercial BuUtttn: 187 1~ 
t8S6. fiSSti + • Dailv Trade 

Chicago Commercial Express: 
[daily edition of ChirogD Com- 
mercial Express and Wtilern 
produce Ke»orter\: 1864-186;- 
Discontinueu in t8;i. [v. for 
1864- 1866, daily edition of Welts 
Commrrrial Expresi and Weilem 
Produce Reporter^ 
Chicago Daily Commercial LtUer: 
v. 3-8; 1858-1863. [In t868 
incorporated with Chic^o DaUy 
Commerfial Report] 
Biectrotyper: v. 1-5; 1873-1877 
Emer^s Journal of Agriculture: 
V. 1-3, no. 14; 1838 (w). [Jan- 
uan-. i85g merged w-ith Prairie 
Engineering Sews: v. 3 + ; 1875 + 
Packet: v. 4. no. 49 + ; April 8,