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NEW TERMS 



N E W IDEAS 



study of the Chinese Newspaper 



By M rw. A. I I. \I .\ TK 卜、" 



SHANHIIAI I 

PHINThlJ BV THH I *K KSU VCKK I A N MISSION PkKSS. 

11)22 



I 卞 M 
mi-n 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Preface. 

Introductory Chapter on W4nli. 
Table uf Contents. 
Explanatory Note. 



Index to Not". 



II. 
III. 
IV. 
V. 
VI. 
VII. 
VIII. 
IX. 
X. 

I. 

I. 
I. 

J. 
I. 
I. 

XVIII. 
XIX. 
XX. 
XXI. 



XXV. 
XXVI. 
XXVII. 

xx\'iir. 

XXIX. 
XXX. 
XXXI. 



XXXV. 
XXXVI. 
XXX \II. 
KX.WIII. 
XXXIX. 
XL. 
XLI. 
XI— II. 
XLIII. 

xuv. 



LWSONS. 

I. Suffixes indicating a Class of Men ,. ... 

Suffixes indicating a School of Thought 

I* 1^1.1 res • ■ • ■•■ ■■• . • • • • • ••• «•» « 暑嘗 

Government ― Forms, Officials under Empire 

Governniont ― Provisional ... -.. ... … -.. ••• ••• ,•• 

Guvcrnnicnt— Finance, Post-Ofiice, Flag … … 

Govcniinent ― Functions, Constabulary, etc. 

Military Affairs — Personnel 

Military Operations. Arms, Equipments, eta ... 

The Law 

International Relations ... ... ... •" -. ... 

Medicine, the Practice or Profession ... ... ... … ... ... 

Trade or Commerce ... ,,. ... … 

Reform 

Political Parties ... ... ... ... ... ... ... … ... 

Societies and Clubs ― Transaclioii of Business … ... ... ... ... 

Societies and Clubs ― Officers, Members, Xanics of Societies .., ... ... 

Sociology 

The Individual... ... ... ... . . ... ... ... … ... 

Rcli.i^iou ― ( )rganizat;ion, Forms of Belief and I'nhclicf … ... … ... 
Roli,;,Mon -Ot'licials, Ordinances, etc. ... ... ... ... ... ... 

Education ― Courses of vStudy, Plant, Personnel ... ... ... ... ... 

Education 一 Expenses, Terms of Study, Grades, Text-books, Scientific Terms. 
Language ... ... ... ... ... ... ... … ... ... 

The Press ... ... ... ... ... … ... ... ... ... 

Philosophy ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

European Civilization ― Amusements, Art … ... 

European Civilization -— Posts aiul Comnmnications, Steam. FJccfricity ... 
European Civilization— House and Apin>inunoiU>. Fuo*I, Clolhiug, etc. ... 

Unit)^ ami 】《t'j;ul;iHlv ami tlicir ( )i)iK'-siLC; ;… ... ... ... ... ... 

Positive, Xcgati\ 0. and other Adjcclives … ... ... ... ... ... 

Time, Place, and w few Al)slract Xouns ... ... ... ... ... ... 

Mutual Relalioiis ― Altitude in Feeling or Action 

Mutual Relations— Ceremonies and Forms of Polilcncss ... ... ... 

Oppression and Violence ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

View-Point, clc. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

To Originate, Advocate, Oppose, etc. ... ... ... ... ... ... 

To Reform, Advance, etc. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

To Accomplish, Publish, etc. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

Miscellaneous Nouns ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

Short Clauses ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... -.. 

Supplementary Terms ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

A Few Tonus from Japan ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

Review Lesson ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 

Index of New Tcrins. 



Pacu. 



xxxxx^ 



2 36 791 3 59 1 47 o J 579,】 s.s I 4s J ^ 9 〔力 p- 巧、" 、-. B- H、 H 4 7^ ^ V 

c I I I I 0- 0^ 2 3333^444 5 5 c,、6 一 w ^ 7 ,/ 78 S999I UOIll - - 



PREFACE. 



In defining the scope of the present 
SCO^^C. volume, it may perhaps be best 

approached from the negative side. 
First ― it is not a complete list, the whole of the 
new terms, and nothing but new terms. Such 
a list would l)c iiupo>siblc at tlie present state of 
development of the language, when the terms arc 
still in tlie struggk-for-life stage. Not until 
tlicy have reached the " survival-of-thc-fittcst " 
period can such a list be made. What is a new 
term? It is difficult to say, as what one learned 
scribe would pronounce new, uiay be called old 
by another ; or what both agree to class as new, 
may be found the foreigner iu his New TcsLu- 
nicnt ; while uii the other hand, a term new to 
llic foreigner may iu reality be quite an old one. 
Thcbc are frequcntl)'- dug from some musty 
classic, and given a popular currency, often with 
a mudificd incauing. or in anf)llier part of speech. 
]n fact, both from the altitudes of high Wenli, 
ami from the low plane of "earth-talk," words 
have been taken lo expres*- the new ideals, and 
these go side by side with ficsli importations 
and Lliosc of recent home manufacture' Under 
the ciroiiinslaucc's, the unly Ui— is to accept Ihc 
judgment of one's Chinese -eribc as to \vliat is 
new or old, and to call all new which now for 
the first time liave become a circulaliiig" incdium 
in the newspapers and in tlic inoullis of public 
lecturers (both quite new departures in China). 

In the chapters '、n Western Civilization, a 
larger liberty hiis hccn taken, and terms included 
which have sprung up since this civilization 
was iiilrocliicccl. Some arc included to inviie 
criticism, iu the hope of arriving at unity in 
the future. In other chapters, especially those 
relating to Government, old terms have been 
inlrodiiccd intentionally for purposes of com- 
parison ; while in others, as those on Education 
and Religion, many old terms arc introduced 
because their absence in the tentative list was 
always pointed <»iU by Chinese examining: it. Still, 
most of the tonus may i»ri)i)orI\* he called ik-w. 
Many of these will subsequently l)o replaced !) y 
others. Thus llii)sc on ( jtjvcrnniciU cannot lie 
regarded «ij a guide fur pciniaiiciit Ubc, bul 



simply as a record of what existed between 1900 
and 1913, while the chapter on Political Societies 
is only true of iyi--i3. 

To pass on to another negation ― this is not 
a l)ook of technical terms, for such books on 
the various branches, pi'cpamJ hy experts, are 
already on the market. This is simply a collec- 
tion of such terms as are in popular use. The 
onl'v cxccpliun is the chapter on G rammar. This 
sul)jcct is so new that the Icrms certainly are 
not final, and are introduced not for the use 
ot teachers, l)ut as a makeshift for the use of 
translators in consultation with Chinese scribes. 
This cliaplcr will require remaking- when uniform 
terms arc decided upon. 

Nor again, though designed to supplement 
the Mandarin Lessons, is it all Mandarin. It was 
the original design to make it so, but the scope 
was afterwards enlarged. To Ijridge the gulf 
between this and the Maiularin Lessons, an 
introductory chapter un Wenli has been added, 
nut this again is not a complete text-book 
the subject, nor arc Ihc .subsequent lessuii 
progressive in llicir cliaracter, except that for liic 
first lialf the illustrations arc translated, wliilc 
in the latter half ihc absence of translation is 
compensated by fuller notes containing explana- 
tions of some Wcnli phrases, as well as definitions 
of all Avords which llic student has not already 
met willi in the iVIanclarin Lessons. But for 
a "slcinatic study of Wcnli, the student is 
rccomnicnelctl to take up Bullock's " Progressive 
Exercises in the Chinese Written Language." 

Now for the positive side ― what the book 
really is. Perhaps the secondary title is more 
exact ― a study of the Chinese newspaper. That 
was a thing which had not been evolved at the 
time the Mandarin Lessons were prepared. Yet 
this book is a legitimate outgrowtli of that. In 
the course of putting together an Knglish-Chincsc 
Vocabulary of the Mandarin Lessons (a work 
coninicnocd l»y Ihc aiulit>r ot thai work, but not 
prepared f. >r printing; till alter his ilcatlj ), it was 
lonn<l ilial ilic vocabulary, once lliouglit lo 1)C so 
Cuiuidclc. 、、: h l.ickin,;; in \ cry many cx|>rc-sioiis 
already kyiuuiii"' t'j be licaid iu the pulpit, etc. 



PKEKAGB 



It was fouiul that llie new ^|)apcr was the means 
of transmission of "r、c new tcnn^i. So the 
newspaper inu^t be studied. This study was 
coinnicnccd just at that most interesting crisis, 
the outbreak I he Rcvoliitinn. Jn April, 1912, 
;i tentative list was printed hearing the title 
•' Xcw Terms, nutbtly culled from Cliiiiesc Man- 
darin Xcwspapers. " This was sent to many 
i"i;)Si'',iarics w illi an ; ico inipanying nulc. of w liicli 
the follow ing is an t xlract : " Your atlciuioa is 
respectfully invited to the eiKioscd list of new 
UTin>. TIic mtck'us was a li>t of iSo terms 
fiiniislietl un request l>y Mr. M. K. Yiun, liditor 
of the Moruin\r Star, Chcfoo simply the 
CliiiK^c, williuut Ivngli^li equivalents. Other 
Icrius Iiavc been galhcrcd from ihc Chinese 
tea c Ik- IS ul llic place ( Wcili^icn), a lew from 
each. A few were taken from Dr. MacGillivray's 
SupitlcinciUary List. But by far the greater part 
have been gathered f roiu the Mandarin daily 

papers Of course this list is incomplete. 

Il will receive daily additions culled from the 
newspapers uniil such time as it is finally printed. 
Your kindly assistance is requested in revising 
these lists." 

In »uvse of time, many friends responded 
most kindly to lliis appeal, and t'j all such most 
1 1 early thanks arc due, cspeci:illy to Drs. C. H. 
I'Vnn. and J. W. L»->\vrio, ami Revs,, J. Leigh ton 
Stuart and ( r. G. Warren, for cxt'cnsive additions, 
as well as to Drs. Parker and Pott, and Messrs. 
Liallcr. yalc, and otliors for smaller contributions. 



NiiXT came the arrangement 
OrranaClUCnt. of material. The first few 

chapters sketch a new depar- 
ture ill the language, the use of certain words 
as 、vc use suffixes, to form new expressions. 
( The little book by Air. Evan Morgan, "New 
Terms and Expressions." just out as the setting 
up of the prcbcnt volume is finished, contains a 
II ucli fuller elaboration of the same idea.) Then 
fullow lists of terms on Government, Military 
Afi'airs, Law, Jntcrnalioiial 】《clations, Medicine, 
Trade, Reform, Political Parlies, Societies and 
Clubs, Sociology, The Individual, Religion, Edu- 
cation, language, ihc Press, riiilosophy, and 
liuixfpcaii Civilization. The remaining cha])lcrs 
are simply u collccliou of words in cumiuon use, 



gt'uiipcd for ^'^ramnialical affinity or siniilarily of 
ilka. These chapters cunslilntc a hank on wliich 
drat Is have been made hy previous lessons. The 
character of these new words is almost as .siyni- 
ficaiit of llic age -spirit as arc those arranged in 
topical form. These are the new words whicli 
Uic new thought of llic age found it necessary to 
coin and make into a circulatin;: medium. This 
rt'ininds one of a remark ol Mr. Uarwent's : 
"If one finds a great many \vorcis lo express a 
certain idea in the language of any nation, it is a 
.sign that there it is a s:rcat deal of tliat idea in tlic 
iialion." So the new words will serve as a gauge 
lo tlio new ideas. Chapter 42 is an ajjpcnilix 
uuhIc of tcnr's coming lo light after the chapters 
to wliich llicv wuuki naturally be lung liad been ^et 
up, Roman numerals referring to those chapters. 
T、\'o syllahic indexes are given, one of words 
dethied in the vocabularies of llie lessons, and 
one of tlic notes. But the Englibli-Cliincsc 
index, being incorporated with the new vocabu- 
lary to the Mandarin Lessons, is not repeated 
here. 



In lieu of corrections on llic 
3IlUStrattOnS, list, Dr. Bcr-cn offered llic 

suggestion that the book con- 
tain illustrations to show the use of tlie terms. 
Afterwards this developed into the thouglit t'» 
make these extracts from the papers illustrate "('l 
only the new terms, but the new ideas llial 
rendered them a necessity. Unfortunately the 
papers had already been destroyed from wliich 
the terms in the tentative list had been taken. 
But as this most interesting portion of Chinese 
History ― that of the Revolution ― has already 
been covered by Mr. Bailor in his " Lessons in 
Wenii," it is quite as well that the extracts in 
this volume should indicate ihc trend of thouglit 
in that scarcely less interesting period of recon- 
struction, when Change was written large across 
all existing customs. 



Cbc CbanqiiiQ Chinese ^^'f"'"'^' 

" IS Inc niarvelloiis ca- 

XanOUaOC. pacily of the Chinese 

lu adapt tliciiisclvcs to ; ill conditions, more 
i ciiiarkabic than in ihib matter of tlic language. 



a 



PREFACK 



In this, the ol<lc^t spoken language on the carlli, 
new words are needed to express the new 
tliought which is bursting from the old shell 
of convcnti' aiality ― and. presto, on every side \vc 
hear the new langua.cje. Western scientists have 
sometimes Iranslilenited foreign terms but 電 話 
will probably live Ioniser llian 德 律 風. Or ihcy 
have invented new characters for the new ideas, 
and one is puzzled to know Iiow to pronounce 
tliein. Only one is given in this book— 雜 for 
microl)e. (Sec lesson XIL) This is given by 
way of contrast. Pint such will scarcely become 
popular. Their own new terms have a distinclly 
oriental air about them. 



OmUX of 動 Of": may a 产, when, 
T"""- whence and liow came 

^ these new terms into the 

language ? Investigation shows it to be fn-^ni 
stiulonts who have been abroad to study and, 
returning, find tlicy need new ^vords to 
clothe I heir new inspirations. As professors and 
authors they send these words forth. Chief 
among these stands the name nf Liang Ch'i- 
ch'ao. He was a pupil of K'ang" Yii-wei, ami 
a member of the ★ 學會, founded hy him 
ill Changsha, of which Chang Chili-tnng was 
one of the promoters. Its objects were the 
advancement of learning, educational reforms, 
discussion of political policies, and comparing 
of Chinese and foreign systems, the history of 
tin* advancement of civilization in the different 
flynasiies, socialistic pi\tljlcins. etc. liut its aims 
wtMO nut revolulionary. Afterwards K'ang Yii- 
、vci went lo Peking tn c.»nfcr with ilic Knipcn>r. 
and suljscquently founded the 保 國會, a s"cict)' 
of a much more radical type. Recommeiuled by 
Chang Chih-tmiij for official preferment. Ij.injj 
Ch'i-ch'ao also came to Peking, and snhseiiuemly 
joined this new society. Only a short time 
elapsed ere this society came to a tragic c-nd ( in 
1898) ― some of its members with their families 
being put to the sword in Peking, from which 
fate K'an;' Yii-wei and Tjanij Cli'i-ch'ao saved 
tlicni^clves by flee in*; tlic country. The lalier 
ciul 'raced this opportunity to complete liis studies 
in Japan. While at the university ho inil)iKc(I 
not only ihc new thougl" of these foreign-trained 



professors, hm tlie new 、vor(h in wliich this 
thought spoke. IJang's books, wliich arc very 
widely read, an<l which treat largely of such 
subjects as' lho.se mentioned above, are full of 
liiesc new terms. This shows how closely allied 
arc the new tonus and tlie new ideas. Other 
books also there have l)cen, giving forth these 
Japanese iniporlalinns In* Uie wholesale. One of 
tliesc. Ihc 新爾雅 ( for the gift of which thanks 
arc due to Mr. Cli'cn Kuo-ch'iicn), has been of 
assistance in ihc preparation of this book, in 
the line nf verifying definitions of terms already 
found. 



rrhu、 ffhinrar Bi-t the most effective me. 
*^ 画八 (liinu lor putting these new 

lHC\V5pai>Cl\ tc'i-nis into circulation is the 
Cliincsc newspaper— that marvcilons index of 
modernity. The city that boasted the oldest 
daily newspaper in the world, also IkuI the 
honor of the newest departure in modern 
journalism— the /'(/■/"( llomans' Daih\ es- 
tablished shortly after the Boxer year, and 
more recently, the Woman' s Eihuaiiouul Doily. 
One does not need to have a long memory 
to recall the time when the little C/ii)i<4 Poo, 
f ycllow-coYcrcd, yet not of the order of ycllou' 
journalism) was the only native newspaper in 
llic limpirc. That containctl only Ihc imperial 
decrees— it was of llic ruling class, by ihc ruling 
class, and for the ruling class. Now the people 
arc coining to tlieir own. and papers appour 
accordingly. Moio newspapers tiow die annually 
from starvation or suppression than ever 
existed in China in all the centuries prior to 
the twentieth. 

The influence of the Chinese Press on the 
minds and language of the nation is lluis 
summarized by ]\Ir. Merrill in his recently i>sucvl 
Review of Ten Years' Trade of SiningluiL— 
" During the decade under review, the Chine^^e' a:; 
far as their education will allow, have developed 

into a nation of newspaper readers 

It is probalile that journalism alone will do 
as nnicli to slandarclizo the language and to 
improve the necessary intercourse between 
all sections of the country as even rail- 
ways.** 



PREFACE 



KvHRYTHiNC nowadays must coinmoiice 
Hini, willia i]l fj. aiKl uf course this book was 

also commenced with a definite aim— to 
help foreigners lo read the Chinese newspaper. 
To efTicienily help this people, we must know 
wliatthey are thinking about. And now atla»t wc 
have the chance to do so. But the aim of the 
work, like its scope, enlarged with the making; 
for this fascinating study had not proceeded far 
"hen another idea forced itself on one ; ― wc 
must teach our students to write for tlic papers— 
not, of course, political articles, hut lim-c helpful 
in lines social, economic, intellectual, ami moral. 
There is the St. John's Echo, but why are there 
not papers published by other universities, an<I 
in Chinese? And why not establish definite 
training in journalism, with the above restric- 
tions? The fact that one of the papers largely 
(jiiolcd ill this hook has already been supprcsse<l, 
and its editor executed, may be enough warning 
to kcop students off from forbidden ground, at 
least (luring their stiulent course. 

A further study of the newspapers developed 
still another reason why one should study tlu'm. 
We must ourselves write for them. A glance at 
some of these papers shows that they are ready 
to present ideas of all kinds, so why not give them 
llie most helpful we can offer? It is worth our 
while. Wc need a new Carlylc to come forward 
and point out to us the dignity, the power of this 
" Fourth Estate. y This presents a new form of 
work for the Chinese. * 

Perhaps the first to inaugurate this measure 
were the missionary women of Peking, notably 
Miss Nellie Russell, wlio shortly after llic Boxer 
year requested the privilege of occupying a space 
in the daily papers, and the Women's Column 



or World (女 5§L) became a most helpful 
institution. Now the time is ripe for the same 
thing oil a larger scale. It is interesting to see 
from the September number of the CJiinvse 
Recorder that llie thing has already been tried 
in Japan, and is now advocated for China. Wc 
quote : ― " A more recent development consists in 
the using of the colimins of existing periodical? 
rather tlian tlie founding- of a new one. This is 
accompli -^hcd by the insertion in a mnnher of 

periodicals, of matter because of its 

news value, ur for some utilitarian or Lthical 
consideration. Thi> method has the advantages 
of being economical and covering a broader 
field." 

A Press Bureau is definitely proposed as 
one of the methods of work ot the Committee on 
Japanese Christian Literature of the cooperating 
Christian missions. The following is quoted 
from a preliminary announcement : ― 

UTILIZING THE DAILY PRESS. 

" A promising but liithcrto neglected means 
of cvanc^clization is the preparation of Chris- 
tian material for the secular press. There are 
several hundred daily papers in Japan. Scores 
of these might be glad at stated intervals to 
fill a column or two with wcH-editcd, distinc- 
tively Christian news and discussions. By llii.^ 
means, great numbers of cotintrv people, hitherto 
untouched, could be to some degree evangelized 
with a very small outlay of time and money." 

It is with the hope of helping, in some 
humble way. to the attainment of this three-fold 
end— reading, helping others to write, writing 
oneself— that this book is laid before the public. 



INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER ON WENLI. 



This chapter, like the last, must begin with a negation. It is not called Wenli made easy, 
for W^nli, in its old form at least, is not easy. But fortunately a new style has arisen which seeks 
the simplest form of speech which can be understood everywhere. So this chapter aims not so 
much to prepare an aeroplane to soar to the heights of the former, as to furnish a few humble steps 
to the low plane of the latter. The following lessons, from first to last, contain samples of the 
simplest Kwan, the simple Wen, and a higher stylo ; but the simple Wen is most frequently found, 
because this is the style most commonly adopted by the newspapers, since best adapted to the 
masses of all localities. This chapter will not treat of the new terms intruduceti into this popular 
Wenli, as those receive treatment in the body of the book. This W^nli is still in a formative state. 
One interesting development is the assimilation of words heretofore considered as the exclusive 
property of the Kwanlma, such for instance as the occasional use of 的, not in its W^nli sense of 
an end to be attained, but in a genitive sense, as the Kwanhua uses it. The three styles pass into 
each other by imperceptible gradations, but doubtless soon a standard low W^nli will be the result. 
The evolution is a work begun by Christian literature, especially the Bible, but now is progressing 
by leaps and bounds through the agency of the newspaper. 

One sees the present changes, and is inclined to ask : " How was it evolved in the first 
place, this unspoken language so diffei-ent from the spoken ? It was not the relic of an older 
civilization, like the Sanscrit, Greek, and Latin. Nobody ever could have spoken this. How then 
did it originate ? And was it because of original difficulty of recording that it became so con- 
densed ? And why is it so universally current, while the Kwanhua splits up into numberless dialects, 
especially in evidence at the sea-ports, so that a man from one port cannot understand a man from 
another ? Was it because it originated before inigratiuas ; each separate svvarni detached from time 
to time from the mass carrying with it the recorded language, and continuing its migrations, 
gradually, till stopped by the sea, where each colony developed individuality of speech, just as the 
segregated fauna of Australia is so different from that of the mainland ? Was this the reason 
of the difTcreiicci in the spoken laii:^uagc ? " To all these questions we give the same reply : ― 
*' Ask somebody who knows," Our present question is not with how these differences came, out 
what they arc. And it is a discussion of these differences that furnishes the promised steps. 
Of these di Inference's wc will consider nine, each affording consideraule difficulty to surmount ; 
bat a survey of tUcin will perhaps leave less to be explained by the teacher. But since tliey 
cannot be taken in sequence, the mastery of one leading to that of another, perhaps one should 
call them not so much steps, as so many ' * beies noires,'' sometimes attacking singly, sometimes 
simultaneously. 

The difficulties treated are as follows : 

1. W^iili has a very much larger vocabulary than Kwanhua. 

2. It uses great brevity. 

3. Its characters pass from one part of speech to another. 

4. Certain cliaraclcrs arc used in many senses. 

5. Some characters arc use J in a ditTcrciit sense from the same characters in Kwanhua, tnd often alto 

with u Uillcrcnt proiiuiiciaiion cither of syllabic or tone, or both. 

6. The order of words is sometimes different from what one is accustomed to. 

7. The words fur cxprcssiiiij the most common words diflcr in the Wfinli and Kwanhua. 

8. Fuiictuatioii particlcf/ arc diffcrciit. 

9. Grammatical particles arc dilTcrciit. 

Wc will now consider these in order. 

I. It is easy to iinflcrstatnl wliy the vocabulary is, so much larger, when one considers its 
antiquity. It is the resultant ('f vast blrctciics of time and ; >i)a"'. Naturally it would contain more 
words, just as the British Museum holds more articles than your house. 

5 



INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER ON wSnLI 



This "black beast" is most prolific. One is continually meeting new varieties. But one 
should never be discouraged; just master each singly as it comes, label it with its name and habits, 
and put it in your own museum. You will soon have quite a collection. 

2. The brevity of Wcnli is more than telegraphic in its condensation, for it is so laconic 
as sometimes to obscure the sense. This is especially the case with such characters as in Kvvan- 
hua unite with others to form a variety of dissyllabic compounds; but in Wenli only the one 
character is given, and one is left to infer from the context in which sense it is used. Thus we 
have in Kwanluta 並 "續 over 、 而 ^ ami also, 尙 且 cveii ij、 i)i 且 still more, 暫 且 J'or the 
present, 然 ^ // 紐 all these expressed in Wenli by the single word 且. Again, 自 may mean 
己 st'lf、 or 自 各 each, or Q 然 nai "rally 、 or Q 從 from. In fact, a dissyllabic combination is 
comparatively rare in Wenli. By making lists of these condensations as they occur, a guide will 
be furnished for future help. 

3. Amccba-Iike, Wenli characters can assume any function that the case demands, so care 
is required to delect the meaning. The most common changes are between noun and verb. Thus 
主 may moan lord or io control ; 事 an affair or to serve 、 to manage ; 處 read in the fourth tone, a 
place, in the third tone, to dwell, to occupy the place of. There is usually an analogy of meaning 
between the two. 

4. Certain characters are used in many senses, and require special study to adapt them to 
their environment; to decide whether they are empty or significant, and if the latter, what relation 
they bear to the rest of the sentence. The "empty" characters arc the " punctuation particles" 
noted under section 8, and some of the "grammatical particles" under section 9. The facile word 
以 is worthy of especial study. In the main one can say it is causative, but it is interesting to note 
the changes rung upon it, even in this sense. It may be a verb, ― to do, to take, io use^ etc., or it 
may be a preposition, — in order to、 through^ by、 etc. ; or it may occasionally be a noun, a reason y etc. 
In combination it often indicates a relation, as 前 before, 以 外 outside, etc. It is also the sign 
of the infinitive. The word 者 is also worthy of special attention. It is used as in Kwanhua as 
the sign of the present participle. It takes the place of 的 in many of its uses, ― as relative 
pronoun— ///05^ that、 also in its capacity of forming abstract nouns or turning an adjective into a 
noun, in which case it is translated the. But its use is wider than that of 6 孓 and worthy 
of individual study. 

5. It is not an uncommon experience, though certainly a most discouraging one, to be 
able to read down an entire column of stiff Wenli, meeting no unfamiliar character, and yet having 
not the slightest idea of the sense of the passage. Usually such a passage will be found to contain 
various characters read in a different way from the Kwanhua, throwing one off the scent. Hence 
a study of such characters is essential. One of those most commonly met is 他, read t'a in 
Kwanhua. and meaning he, but read t(oS in Wenli, and meaning anoihef, 幾, several, third tone, 
when read in the first tone becomes io approximate. 第 does not mean the • • • th, but bid, 所 
means not only which, but also a place 、 所 以 means not only that which, but thai wUk which, 
and occurs between a noun and verb. 雖 然, although, leads one to expect a subsequent clause 
commencing with sonic word for yd. But iii Wenli it may stand alone, and mean albeit. These 
are only samples. 

6. The order of words is occasionally different. Thus we have Bfe 日 y€d€f"day、 but 日 昨, 
a few days ago. This follows the analogy of that method common to Kwanhua and Wenli, of 
forming a plural by inversion of the order of classifier and noun, as ― 羣羊 a flock of sheep 、 and 
羊 H flocks., the cliange marking a change from the <lefinite and specific to the general. Other 
inversions follow old classic models, as 北 Jl where one would expect 上 北. The position of 是 

6 



INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER ON WENU 



after the word it qualifies is rather common in four character phrases. Thus we have 胥農: S 锁, 
all dep€7id 071 these farmers* 

7. It is rather remarkable that the words for expressing the commonest ideas in any 
language, should so differ in these two forms of the one language. This is most noticeable with 
respect to verbs, and least with nouns. Lists of a few will be found subjoined, to which llie student 
can add at his leisure on the blank pages at the back of the book; for the list, even of those found 
in this book, is purposely incomplete in every department. 

8. Punctuation particles are unnecessary in Kwanhua, stops being indicated by pauses and 
tones of voice in speaking, and by dots and circles on the printed page. But in Wenii the dot and 
circle are used for admiration points ; and old books are printed without punctuation. In an old- 
fashioned school, the teacher had to point the new books with vermilion ink before they could be 
given to the pupils. To make the meaning more plain (for WenIi is hard enough to understand 
even if punctuated), initial characters are frequently used, as we would use a capital letter in 
commencing a sentence. Sometimes these can be translated, as 夫 may sometimes be translated 
new* But in many cases, as 且 at the beginning of a chapter in a novel, the character need not be 
translated. Then there are the finals, to mark the end of the sentence and serve as periods. A 
Chinese teacher, in reading the classics, will read these finals with a certain letting off of steam, to 
finish the " k(ou ch'i," and to give a little pause before one commences the next idea. But the finals 
are no more necessary to the sense than is the "Selah" of the Psalms. Intermediate pauses are 
sometimes also marked by special particles. Thus the subject of the sentence is often set off by an 
" empty character,'* 者 often acting in this capacity, when it is desired thus to set off the subject 
from the predicate. This explains why an old teacher, in punctuating a Chinese essay, uses a comma 
after the subject if it consists of three or four characters. His ear demands a slight pause there. 

9. As we have just seen that Chinese has syntax when one would not expect it, so has 
it ways of expressing person and number of pronouns, comparison of adjectives and adverbs, tense, 
mood, and voice of verbs, and to a limited extent, case and number of nouns. To mark the person 
of pronouns, different words are used; but with this exception these changes are expressed by 
particles or qualifiers outside of the word. Hence it is not necessary that they should group 
these words, and give them class names. This absence of inflection makes it the simplest of 
languages to learn to speak. No wonder foreign babies pick it up before they do English, when 
they have the chance to hear both. The only grammatical change that the Chinese need note 13 
that already alluded to under section 3, between the noun, 死 字, and the verb, 活 字, where a 
character is used in two senses. Or they will point to a conjunction, and say: " This is where the 
sentence turns (轉 ). Further than this, they need not bother themselves. We envy the Germans 
their freedom from the spelling-class. We may envy Chinese their freedom from the shackles 
of Grammar. Their greatest grammatical deficiency, in W^nli as in Kwanhua, is a way of 
marking the plural of words denoting inanimate objects, and something to mark the gender of Ihe 
3rd person of pronouns. As to the noun, the case marks are rarely present, and sometimes miglit 
be called syntax particles or "empty" characters when they do occur. Sinologues differ with 
regard to those particles which may follow the verb, and are treated by some (as Mr. Ballcr) as 
signs of dative or accusative ; Williams classes many particles thus. By others (as Mr. Bullock) 
they are called prepositions coalescing with the verb, Tims copy afUr, iS) 1>. 102' 61 h note 
mark. In some cases especially 以, where the verb preceding has an active significance, and the 
word following may be treated as a verb, the particle may be treated as the sign of the infinitive, 
just 96 the oUl English "give to drink." 

A list of a few of these adjuncts used tg ^jcpjcsa wl"t w《 gxprcss by inflections, will be 
found among the subjoined li^ts. 



INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER ON wSnLI 



Common Words {Section 7). 
Verbs. 

Is, S= 係. S, 乃- 

Sec, ^ 兑 二貌, m.' n- 

Hear, 聰 兑-」 3. Pa- 

Spcak or sav, = 言, 曰, 謂, 道- 

Called, pi^f^-^if 之. 

Be reckoned, ^ 

Manifest. 頭 Bj] 坊' 章- 

Esteem, 尊重- 尙.; ft- 

Love, 爱 = 

Hate. tR-tt. ; S 

Hope, m m^t%. 

Fear, 怕= 恐, HE. 怖. 
Wish. 想要 = 欲- 
Calculate, 打 ||;=}8, Ht, 
Do, 作 -著, 爲. 
Eat, \i^-S^ 
Drink, 喝 二吸. 飲. 
Wear, 穽 二服, 著. 
Reside, 住= 居. 
Buy, U^m- 
Sell, 15 = ^, 售. 

Arrive, 到 -抵. 1, 迄, 屆, Ji, 迫. 

Go, 去 二^. 

Return, |u] fij - 歸, 返. 

Wait, ^ 候 -待, 俟 

Hasten. 催= ^促. 

Stop, 止 住一, 

vShiit, ea-Ffl- 

Open, 開 -jgt 

Use, 用=以. 

Give, 給 = 11, 予. 

Give to, 交纷 -致. 

Receive, S —荣. 賦- 

Take, 拿若 = tt, 持, 將, 

Lift up, 拾 起 二舉. 

Unite, 聯 合=組. 

Add, 加 ;忝 =S, 增. 

Change, 換 = 

Order, 吩 附= 命. 令. 

Teach, 敎^ = 授, 傅, 訓, W- 

Write, 書. 

Record, fjl- 錄.: 

Die, 死 7 逝世, 卒, 故, 斃, C 



Prowuns. 

I, 我 一吾. 予, 余- 

You, 你= 汝, m- 

He, she, it ,他 -厥, 其, 彼, 伊. 
His, 他的 = 
Him, 他 = 之. 

This, 這個 = 此, t^, 該, 是. 
That, 邢個 -彼. 
Who (Interrog.). 誰 =孰. 
That which, 所, M= 者, 攸. 

Adjectives, 

Urge, 大 =1, 距, 昌, 偉.' 
Small, 小 = 微, 么一 
Good, 好= 俊, 佳, 5. 
Bad, 不 好二- 劣, 歹. 

True, H 在 -誠, 確. StS. 
False. 假 -偽. 
Remaining, B$ 下 =^, 3. 
Different, 不一 様-殊 ,異, 
Distant, 離若 = S5. 
Enough, 足"^ 充, 豐, 富. 

Advcrbs. 

Quickly, 快 快 fKj = 速. 
Slowly, 慢 慢 緩. 
Again, 4l|=g, 復. 
Probably, 大 tt!E= 率. 
Almost, 差不多 =幾 ,幾 % 
Soon, 不多 (i5 fljf 侯= 不口. 
Seldom, 不常 = 儘. 

Preposition^ 

From, 從= 由, 自. 
At, 在= 於. 
Near, 纖=依. 
Depending on, 仗 =恃《 
With, 和 =2t 
According to, 憑= 據. 
Until, 到= 迄. 

Connectives. 

Then, etc., 就 是= 則, 然 则, 卽, 乃, 而, 故, 

But, 可是 = 而. 

But, 但=然 ,而, 惟, 第. 

Hence, 所以 一故, 釜, 愛, 而. 



INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER ON wSn 乙 I 



For instance, 比 方=如. 

Originally, 原來 =固. 

Although, 雖然 = 縱. 

For, 因爲 -蓋. 

Yet, 還= 尙, m- 

As to, 識到 =至 於. 

Until or when, 到= 迄, 逮, 造, Jl. 

Ami, ft =與 ,若, 幷. 

And, 也= ^而. 

Both . . . and, 也… 也 =亦 …亦. 

Punctuation Partici.es {Section 8). 
Finals. 

就是 了-可 也, 拿, 
n 完 了-而 巳, 而 已矣. 
啊= 也. 
了 =矣' 



Grammatical Adjuncts {Section 9). 
Nouns. 

Number, ― before nouns, |g alike in Kwanhua 
and Wenli. 

—after nouns, 都=皆 ,盡, 均, ^f, 俱. 

一 after nouns and pronouns, 等 (not com- 
mon in Kwanhua ) . 

一 after pronouns, 們= 儕, (commonly used 
in 1st person). 
Case, Nominative, 者 following a word some- 
times marks it as subject (hence nomi- 
native), in which case 也 follows the 
predicate. This is the form of definitions. 
According to some authorities, 山 ami 
various other words are also sometimes 
used to mark the subject. 

Genitive, 者 in the Wenli, like 的 in Kwan- 
hua, is used to mark the genitive or 
possessive case. 

Accusative or objective case, J^, 與, ft,} 
tU6 considered by souk as luaikiiig 



the objective case in certain collocations. 
iThis case like the nominative is usually 
not marked at all. 

Adjectives and Adverbs. 

Comparison, Comparative, 更= 愈. 

Superlative, — before word qualified, 很, 

顶 -頗, 極, 甚, 絕, 至. 

一 after word qualified, 極 了 =無 似, 

匹, 無齓莫 …之, 無旣, 旣- 
Verbs. 

Tense (qualifying particles before the verb) : 
Present. 

Now, 現在 = 兹. 现 航- 
Immediately, 立 刻 -立, 刻, gg, Ip. 

Past. 

Already, 巳經 ^ 業, 巳, (%, JJI. 卒. 
Formerly, 從前 = 昔, 古' 
Frequently, Zji 常' 二素, 向. 
Future. 

Afterwards, J[^,— 嗣, 隨, U 往' 
Eventually, 到 了 ! 卒 之. 
Not yet, 沒有 --未 經, 尙 未 
Mood, Imperative. 

Must, 總 要二務 m. 務. 

Must not, 不卖 -勿. #• 

Voice, Passive. 

Was ... by, 被, 經, 爲, £. ill. 

Interrogative. 

呢, m^M. 哉. . 歟 at ciiJ of clause. 

怎 麽= 何, 安, 焉 at beginning of clause. 

怎 樣二如 何 0)、v can it) at bci;iiuuug, U,) fi? 

何 (what then) at ciiJ. 
怎 麽 不=盍 ,易. 
怎 麽 不 >"i = 毋- 
囚 义 S 甚; iS = 何 10. 



EXPLANATORY NOTES. 



I* Numbers. 

Small numbers at the top of horizontal columns or side of vertical columns, refer 
to note numbers below. Numbers inside the column, and included in brackets, refer to 
numbers of subsequent chapters, where the phrase thus denoted will be found de lined. 

2. ROMANIZATION. 

In order to make this book correspond with the rest of the books in the Mateer 
Language Series, the same system of romanization has been preserved. The differences 
between this system and the more commonly used Wade romanization are pointed out 
below, and as a uniform rule is followed, these can easily be made to cover the entire 
syllabary by the substitution of other initial consonants, or the addition of a final 
n or ng. 

1. h final is always omitted, thus ckieh-chie、 Srk-ir、 etc. 

2. ih becomes i, thus chih=chl, etc. 

3. o becomes oS, thus cho=ch<id, etc. 

4. ua becomes wa, thus chua=chwa. This rule applies whatever the final may be, 

thus chuai=chwai、 chuang =chwcmg , etc. 

5. ui becomes wei, thus chui=chweu 

6. uo becomes woa, thus shtw=shwoa. 

7. uan becomes iien, thus chuanz=chuen. 

8. u becomes i, thus szlt becomes si and izU becomes isi (note also in this case the 

change of s to s), 

9. ye becomes yie, thus yeh=yie (see also ist exception) and yen=yi€n. 



lO 



Lrssow I 



NEW TERMS 



The addition of one or two characters to a 
word or words, as the English language uses 
suffixes, to impart a certain definite modification 
of meaning, though not a new departure in the 
Chinese language, still is very much more com- 
mon tlmn formerly. Not only do new combina- 
tions continnaMy arise, but more such suffixes 
appear from time to time. 

The two following are used as suffixes as 
we use ers,-ors,ists, or-kiud, to designate a class 
or form a generic. They may be used inter- 
cbaugeably. 

家 Its use in this sense is not new, (see Les, 
27) , but the number of new combinations 
now coming into daily use seems uiiliiiiited. 
This word is often used to denote one of a 
class. 



LESSON I. ^ 
Suffixes Indicating a Class of Men 

派 



A class, a tribe, similar in use to the above, 
but does uot. like that, imply any special 
qualifying preparation, but simply an 
aggregation of individuals of the same 
stamp. It is tiot used in the singular. 
界 Sphere, ― wider in \ts uieaning than the 
above, and not used iu the singular. It 
may also be translated sphere 、 circle" world 、 
&c., or by some distiuctive generic as 女界 
thr female sex. Or the definite article before 
ail adjective may make it generic, as 靑年界 
the young * 

世 ft An age, a race, a generation. Used like 界. 

時 k Like the above, but covering a shorter 
period. This term gives a chance for the 
growing self -consciousness of the age to 
characterize itself and its contemporaries. 



ft 治家 



m 




家 




學 


家 


創 


作 


家 




行 


家 


格 


致 




Sg 


學 


% 


Vf. 


門 


家 


m 




家 


类 


術 


家 


外 


交 


家 


理 




家 




,升. 


家 


探 


1^ 






IB: 


家 








-jr 


行 






少 


m 


學 


% 




傀 


fm 


派 


笑 




m 


n 


% 




m 


物 


界 



Vocabulary. 
Cheng^ ch'i^ chia^. Politician or 、 
politicians. All the following with 
家 may be either singular or plural. 
Vicn^ shivoa^ chia、 Lecturers. 
Chc^ lisiic^ chicji. Philosophers. 
Ch'zvang^ tsod-^ cliia、 Inventors. 
Fei^ hsing^ chia^.. Aviators. 
Kc^ chi^ chiaK Scientists. 
TienA hsiie^ chia^. Electricians. 
Chzvan^ men^ chia\ Specialists, 
experts. 

C7i〃4 isoa^ chiai. Author. 
Afei、 shif^ chiai. Artists. 
I/'ai** chiao^ f/ir'a'. Diplomats. 
乙" ts'ai^ chia\ Financiers. 
C/iH tsao^ clua\ Manufacturers. 
T'an^ hsien^ chia^. Adventurers, 
explorers. 

Yicn^ sh'i-^ chta^. Pessimists. 
Ts'i- shan^ chiaK Philanthropists. 
? ^ha^hsing- cliiaK Practical men. 
K'woa^ sltao^ p'ai^. Gilded youlli, 



plutocracy. 
llsile^ chiit^ P'ai^, 

firrtire-liends 
Hsiao^ ma^ p^ai^. 



cymes ; 
poonists. 
Fou^ hsiao^ p'ai^ 



Scholastics. 
Puppet officials, 

Adverse critics, 
in writing, satirists, laiii- 



Wind-bags. 
Anittial kingdom. 



植物界 
精神界 

農 界 

工 界 

i» 牧世代 

開 化世代 

進 化世代 
退 化世代 

tt 盛世代 

、幼 稚特代 
萌 芽時代 



Realm of 八 



class. 



Nomads, the 

Age of dawning 

Age of progress. 、 
tai'^. Age of V 



建時代 
共 和特代 



官 Sft 特代 
gi«3J* 代 
KrrW 代 



Chi^ 訓 4 c/it>4. Vegetable king^ 
doin. 

Chi"g、 shen^ chie^. 
thought or spirit. 
Nung^ cfu'e4. Farming 
agricultural circles. 
Kuug^ c!"e4. Laboring class. 
Vin^ tH"4 j/ij4 
pnstoral a^e. 
K'ai、 hzva-^slti^ tai^. 
civilization. 
Chin^ hiva^ sh'i^ tai^. 

decadence. 
Ch? sheng^ sh'i^ tai^. Age of greatest 
development ; golden age. 
ytu4 c/u4 sli'i^ /ai^. Period of child- 
hood (not individual but racial). 
M eng^ ya^ shV /ai*-*. Period of growth 
{ lit, budding time), 
FSng、 chien^ shl'^ tai'^. Feudal age. 
Kung^ hp sh'i^ fat^. Period of Re- 
publicanism, (divided into three 
stages as follows). 
Yien^ shp tai^. Stage of pro- 
pagandisra. 

Yii^ pei^ shP tai^. Stage of prepara- 
tion. 

Shl^ hsing^ shV tai^ Stage of 
action or performance. 



新名詞 



LHv^on 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



? J 行家不 St 言論 Practical men do not set much value on talk. 

Philanthropists raised funds to relieve the distress; ( as the 
餓 如救火 proverb says), they saved from hunger as oue would save 

from fire. 

女子多 有想像 (19)"0T 爲美術 Women have much kagiaation, and can become artists. 

m 

笑罵 7、!^ 不愿 担賁任 Critics do not (themselves); care to bear the responsibilities 

of office. 

有航 海探臉 家哥倫 布氏發 The continent of America was discovered by the navigator 

晃 (37) and explorer Columbus. 

女界向 無獨立 (14) 生活 Woman has hitherto been unable to earn her own living. 

女 子參政 (14) 並非使 女子盡 If women are to take part in politics, this does not 

爲政 治家 mean that every woman is to be a politician. 

I, 愿慈 菩家快 想法憐 ti 同胞 It is to be hoped that philanthropists will soon devise* 

f (14) 勿庸各 分黨派 (15).... a plan , taking pity on their fellow-countrymen , and 

saving them from party dissension. 

LESSON li. 

Suffixes Indicating a School of Thought,.ism,-ness, &c. 



The number of words made with the suffixes 
In this and the preceding chapter can be 
multiplied indefinitely. For instance we can 
start with the root word 宗敎 > dig ion. By the 
additiou of 家 it becomes rdigious icachets^ or of 
B 想 it becomes religions inlcresL 

The number of words thus used as suffixes, 
is also on the increase. A few of, the more 
Important are noted. 

思想, 一 formerly used only as a verb, — to think ; 
now used also as a noun, ― theory, concep- 
tion, idea, interest, conviction : also in 
combination as a suffix corresponding to 
our -ism. 



主義, 一 policy, principle, doctrine, platform of 
party, advocacy of, spirit, &c. Used as 
above, aud intercliangeable with it. 

精神, 一spirit, auimating purpose. Now wider in 
its meaniug than formerly, being applied 
not only to individuals, but to the thought 
of the age, like the German Zeiigeist. Used 
as a suffix after the manner of the above, 
and sometimes to be translated as a suffix, 
-is VI &c,, but usually better translated in 
full, ― a spirit of &c. 

術, 一 art, method, ― uow much used as our suffix 

A few instances of each of these are given 
below. Others will be found under the various 
topics. 



Vocabulary. 



& 治思想 ChSng^ chi^ sV hsiang\ Political 
conception. 

宗 敎思想 Tsung^ chiao^ hsiang^. Religious 
interest, 

道 德思想 Tao^ si} hstan 《人 Moral purpose. 
革命思 想 min^ s'i^ hsiang^. Revolution- 
ary conviction. 



國家, ffl. 想 
高 ',? 思想 

SRi 力思想 
鎭 ifii 主義 



Kwod^ chia} s'i^ hsiang^. Patriotism. 
Kao^ shang^ si^ hsiang\ High, 
nnndedness. 

Pil wu^si^ hsiang^ . Low-mindedDcss. 
T,ie3 hsiieA chu^ t4. Blood and Iron 
policy, Bismarkianism, martial 
spirit 



Lesson 3. 1 NEW 

釋一 ^» - - I ^Mf^MI— 圍 圍 

市并主 義 Sh'iA ching3 chu^ ,'4, Commercial- 
ism. 

人 道主義 Jcn^ tao^ chu^ i4. Hutaanitarian- 
isui, 

唯物主 義 PVei' u'"4 cAm3 t4. Materialism. 

素 食主義 Sh^ ski' chu^ t'4. Vegetarianism, 
from hygienic rather than re- 
ligious motives. 

S 進主 SI Chi^ chin^ ch"3 $4. Radical- 
ism. 

ffi >\ 主 SI Ke^ jcn^ chu^ i\ Individualism. 

egotism. 

<a fi [主義 P^o^ /"4 c/ju3 i4. Spirit or 
revenge. 

徘外主 義 P'ai^ wai"^ chu^ i4. Anti-foreign 
policy (lit. drive out the outsider). 

從 新主轮 Ts'ung^ hsin、 chu^ i^. Readiness 
to follow new ideas. Modernism. 

金 錢主翁 C7""【 ch'ien^ chu^ i4. Money 
making purpose. 

民換主 A/tV tsu^ chu^ Nationalism. 

»t # i ^ She^ hwe" chu^ |4. Socialism. , 、 



TERMS S 



們 細 主 義 A/ cn^ hi^ chn^ i^. Monroe doctrine. 
± Ift ShP /i4 chii3 i4. Utilitarianism. 
— 主義 Hsiii zvu^ chu^ i4. Nihilism, as a 
philosophy. 

無政 府主義 chhig^ /"3 ch"3 i4. The 
same iu a political sense. 

軍 國主義 Chun' kwod^ chu^ R Militarism. 

W K M # Shang^ wu^ ching^ shen^. 
Militarism. 

共和 稱种 Kung"^ he- ching^ shin^. Republi- 
can spirit. 

制精 Chwan^ c/iH ching^ shen^. T>r«iU' 

nical spirit. Autocracy, 
立精 iji 丁" 2 li4 ching^ shen^. Spirit ol 
independence. 
tS ftl 精祌 f'i3 citing' shen\ Esprit 
de corps. 

飛行術 Fci、 hsing^ shu 乞 Aviation, 
fp. 8^ i^lj Ts'wei ,- mien2 shW^, Hypnotism. 
ii M ^ Hsie^ chin^ shu^. Art of painting, 
now used also for photography. 
弄術 Yu^ nung'^shu^. Trickery. ' 



# 祌^ 育 (22), 如神學 (21), 
哲學 (26), \各 種與吾 人道德 
之 思想, 皆 密切 (33、 之關 
I* 係, 欲養成 優美之 思想, 高尙 
之 道德, 非提倡 (3》 此項敎 

育不可 

以 敎靑家 之方法 衡之. 軍國 

#民 主義, 世 界観. 美靑. 皆; 

* 肜 主義, 實利 主義. 爲 赏 
主義, 德 育训二 者兼之 .... 

Note. ― The two illustrations above are 
from a paper by Ts'ai Yuen P'ei, Minister 
of Education. 

們羅主 fi 即保守 自已, 不預 
人事 的意思 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Spiritual education, as Theology, Philosophy &c', has 
the most intimate connection with the moral purpose of ^ 
man; if one would cultivate the highest thought, the 
most exalted virtue, it cannot be done without advancing 
this department of education. 

. IJ、 

According to the reckoning of educators, Militarism, thc^ 

world-view '* and culture, all pertain to the world of 
outward forms^ practical education belongs to the concep- 
tion of reality ; while moral education is a union of both. 



The Monroe Doctrine advocates protecting oneself, aud 
uot interfering ia the affairs of others. 



LESSON III. 

Figures 



代 名 

Wc sometimes hear that tlie Chinese bave 
Uttlc inmgination. The composition of many of 
their characters proves the opposite. The same 
pictorial sense in seen in the uiake-up of many 
oi tli«ir uew terms, where a couple of cbaractexA 



tell a whole story, (like our "cat's- paw") Many 
of these given below may not be new, but tU» 
agitation of the times seems to brltig tlien 
to the surface. Nearly all have a politiciU 
slgtilficauce. 



新名詞 



Lesson 3 

一 W ^mmtmtim*^ I ■ ■ 一 



Vocabulary. 



睡卿 Shtvei^ shiK Old China, (lit. the sleep- 
ing lion, a laughingstock of the nations). 

IKiM Hsing^ shV, New China, (lit. the sleep- 
ing lion aroused. There is talk of using 
this as a national emblem). 

®S^^tl5C shcng^ lie* pai4. The superior 
(nation) will conquer ("survival of the 
fittest/* taken from foreign parlance). 

Rl^ 强 ft '^od'^ joii^ ch'iang^ jAF^"' The 
same (lit. the weak is meat: the strong 
will eat, from old Chinese proverb). 
Ch\vc? hsicn^. Desirous of obtaining 
advant;ij;c. (lit. mouth watering). 
指 Jan^ chP^ The same, like our expression 
"finger in the pie." Said to be from an 
old Chinese story of one who is anxious 
to taste dainties of which he is not 
invited to partake. 

染指 HOE /aw3 /« ?一 'A further am- 
plification of the above, indicating the 
obtaining of the coveted prize: 一 "stuck 
in his thumb and pulled out'* a fat 
morsel. 

Ts'an^ shV* Piecemeal dismemberment 
of empire, (lit. to eat as a silk worm 
does a leaf, nibbling bit by bit from the 
outside edge). 

C/?/〃,《2/'«wi. Seizure of the empire as 
a whole (lit. to eat as a whale does, 
swallowing whole). 
虎说 Hu^ j/"4. To glare at fiercely (lit. a 
tiger watching- his prey) from Book of 
Changes 虎視 耽耽. 
瓜分 Kiva^ fcnK To divide in portions (lit. 

to cut up a melon ; a figure first used 
by a newspaper writer, and now con- 
stantly heard, meaning division among 
many foreign nations). 

豆剖 Ton^ p'oui* To sever the empire in two; 
as the north and the south (lit. to split 
a bean, which always divides organically 
in halves), 

土' 崩 了,"3 pntgK Cataclysm. 

棋分 Cli'P To partition, as players ar« 

range chess-men between them* 



布 Ch,i2 p"4. To arrange, as chess-men. 
%^ IVa^ chie3. Collapse without resistance 
(lit. tiles loosening). 

K 解 fit 分 The same 
土 H,i 瓦解 《^ e same: 

腺 gJli Kc^ moa-*. Misty, a uiisunderstanding 
a separation, (lit. a diaphragm). 

一 盤散 i 少 p'an^ san"^ sha^. Disunion, want 
of cohesion, disjuuctiou, separation, (lit. 
a plate of sand). 
IKffijJiJ^iS cltia^' weiK Reliance on a* 、 
stronger power ; to bluff, (lit. the fox 
depending on the tiger's prowess), 

虎 SBtt 尾 Hu^ t,ou2 shP wei^. Pretentious 
beginnings but little fulfilment; to end 
in a fizzle, (lit. head of tiger but tail 
of serpent). 

蠅營 Ying- ying^. Outward strenuous activity 
(lit. seeking as a fly seeks his food), 

風》 朝 Feng^ ch'ao^. Disturbance (lit, wind 
and tide). 

! 'ii ^^^'^ ch'ao^. Secret disaffection, (lit a 、 
hidden tide, under-tow). 

熟血 J a fisiie^K Enthusiastic (lit. warm- 
blooded). 

熟 Jfil 派 /a hsiie^ p'ai\ Enthusiasts, zealots, 
i—^lfil Liang2 hsiie^. Cold hearted (lit. cold 
blooded). 

凉血派 Lkug2 /,jiVt.4 p,ai4. The indifferent 

class, the unsyiiipnthetir. 
^^!&動物 Liang- hsiie 乂 ttmg^ wu^. The same, 
with a dash more of reviling about It, 一 
cold blooded reptiles. 
牛馬 Niu^ ma?. Slaves, servile labor, spiritless 

serfs (lit. cow aud horse). 
本, g Pan^ yiien^. Cause, (lit. root of tree 、 

and source of river). 
履歷 Lil^ "4. Antecedents, (lit. what one's 

shoes have passed over). 
皮毛 P'i^ mao^. Skin-deep ; superficial, only 

1 an external show, (lit. hide aud hair), 
询鍵 V"?c'£i'ii chien^. Pivot, crux, key to 
"^■^situation, essential part, (lit. spring of 
lock). 

機脚 kwati^. Organ, orgauizatiou, fuuc- 
tion, (lit. inaiu-spring). 



技葉 CliV yie"^. Unimportant detail?^ non- 
essentials, (lit. twig and leaf, taking 根 
本, the root, to mean the essentials). 

!&渡 Kzuod-^ Transitional, (lit while 

crossing the ferry, like "Don't swap 
horses when crossing the stream." 
Abraham Lincoln). 

(^應 Hsiang^ rni^;'^ To respond, to be in- 
fluenced by, to follow immediately, as 

― echo follows sound, (lit. son nd echo). 

彭您 Ying^ lisiang^. Effect, result, sign, (lit. 
' shadow, i. e. result of substance, and 
sound, i.e. result of motion). 



5 

紫卵 Iwan^, Dangerous or untenable 

position, (lit. a pile of eggs). 
千 ― 甏 CWien^ chiin^ 2* fa3. The same, 

(lit. a tremendous weight suspended by 

a hair), 

烏合 IVu^ hp. Unorganized gathering, (lit 

collection of crows ― ready to disperse 

when eagle appears) - 
BSdfeiE 波 1{"2 chu^ poa\ Time-server, 

(lit. follow the current and chase after 

the waves). 



NEW TERMS. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

j^iJj^H^ A transitioual period. 

現在 風潮, EI 甚一 日 At present the disturbances grow worse daily. 

豆 nil 瓜分, 同歸 方仝盡 Either dismemberment (by secession), or division (by 

• foreign powers) will alike end in extinction. 
—國發 it, 各國者 I? 受其 影響. If one country suffers, all countries are affected by it, 
耍緊 鍵, 就在 用人一 途.. The main essential in government is tiie art of using men, 外 

瓦解 棋分, ill 卞顧惜 They do not shrlSl^ ^i^en from dismemberment and^ 

separation. 

形式 上似乎 聯合, 而 暗潮甚 Although there is an outward appearance of union, yet 

-k there is a great deal of secret disaffection. 

"Wi 循規矩 ,無魚 肉同井 之事. They nave good customs, not seeking to get the 

advantage over their fellow villagers. 

各圃 退歩, 不敢染 措擇肥 . . Every nation drew back, not daring to grasp any advantage. 
歹 113 虽 (11) 虎視, 耍 把這老 5C 帝 The Great Powers are watching like a tiger, wanting 

國 (32) 吞了 ... to devour this decrepit old empire. 

南 京提倡 (37) 方 t 前, 各哲各 Nanking at first led the way (in the Revolution), tli^ii 

界^ 應於 後.. • • • every province and all sorts aud couditioiis of men felt* 

the influence and followed after. 

今夏天 氣異常 炎熟, 寒暑表 The weather this summer is unusually hot ; the thcrmo- 

(29) 熟度升:11一1^"^?^六度, meter ^oiiig up to 106 . These last two days in the Pio- 

近兩 UR;1 省 :^〜 P{i^ 受梦熱 vincial capital alone, more than thirteen men have died 

死者, 已有 十三人 之多, 誠少 from sunstroke. It is certainly quite exceptional weather. 

冇之天 氣也, 或曰, 熟熟 也好, There are same who say It is a good thing it is so 

把那 些冷血 動物, 都感 化;^ hot; if it would only heat up all those cold-Mooded 

熟? 不 好, 他 rm'i 己 reptiles, atid make tliein over into warm, wouldn't tliat 

血 冷不怕 熱, 把一箇 瓜送給 be fine? Otherwise, because their own blood is cold , 

人家分 來吃 • • • and they do not fear heat, they might be taking a melon, 

― and passing it around for others to divide aud eat." 



新名詞 



tssSON 冬 



Part 



LESSON IV 
Government Affairs. 

政 冶 

Form of Government; Officials under Empirk. 



With the exception of the terms for 
forms of government, the words in this 
chapter cannot be called new terms, but 



are given here simply for convenience of 
comparing with the new terms in the next 
chapter. 



Vocabulary. 

B 體 Krvoif- /'/3. Form of State 
ffi!cf}5 Cbeng^ Form of GovenmiMlt. 

專 細攻體 Clnvan^ chi^ cheng^ t'il Autocratic 
form of government. 

君 主攻體 Chiin^ chu^ cheng^ t'i^. Monarchical 
form of government. 

共 和政體 Kung^ hp cheng^ t,i3. Republican 
form of government. 

立憲政 It 厶 i4 hsien'^ cheng'^fi^. Constitutional 
form of government. 

W 邦政 fit Lien^ pana^ chencj^ t,i3. Confederate 
or federal form. 

君主國 Chiin^ chu^ kwoa\ A monarchy, 

民主國 Min^ chu3 kwoa\ A republic. 

君民 共主國 Chiin^ min^ kung'^ chu^ kwoa^. 
A limited monarchy. 

政府 Cheng^ f "3. The government, the admin- 
istration. 

中 :5?: 政府 Chung^ yang^ cheng^ fu^. Central 
administration or government. 

中 央機關 Chung^ yang^ chi^ kivanK The same. 

+ 央集欉 Chimgi yang^ chi^ ch*uen\ Cen- 
tralization. 

谷 省分權 K.e^ sheng^ fen} cWuen^. Decen- 
tralization ; i.e. political power shared 
with the provinces. 

政 治 tS3§ Cheng^ cht^ t'uHxn^ t'il The bodv 
politic, a political body, 

政界 ChingA c/n>4. Government circlet. 

±A« Chu^ jen^ wing^. The master, 

S^3E Nie^ cheng^ wang^. Prince Regent. 

負冑 KweiAchou\ Princes of the blood. 

貴铁 Kzvei^ tsu^. 1 

宗室 Tsung: shK 
室 Hwang^ shi-^, 

货戚 Kwci^ ch'i\ 
riage). 

官場 Kwan^ cWang^^ 

official circles. ' 

內 閣大臣 kp ta^ ch'en^. \ Prime Minister, 

總內閣 Ts"ttg3 nei^ kP. / Premier, 



f The Imperial clan. 
Imperial family (by niar- 
The official class. 



各 部大 臣 户" 4 fo4 c/iVn^. Heads of Boards. 



The Six Boards of the Old Empire. 
jpgSP U3 pit 吣 Board of Rites or Ceremonies, 
1^ 都 ii4 pti4. Board of Civil Office. 
戶部 pu4. Board of Revenue or Finance. 

刑部 Hsing^ pu". Board of Punishments. 
XSP Kmigi pu^. Board of Public Works. 
兵部 Pingi pu 乞 Board of War. • 
With the changes of government in 1903, the 
names of the first two Boards were unchanged. 
Since then the last four were changed as 
below, and three new Boards added. 

度支部 Tw^ chV pu^. Board of Revenue or 

Finance. 
法部 Fa3 pii^. Board of Justice. 
農 工商部 Ntinq^ kung^ shang^ pu^. Board of 

Agriculture industry and Coniiiierce. 
軍移部 Chiin^ zt'"4 pii4. Board of War. # 
111 time th is latter Board was divided as below. 
陸軍部 £«4 chiin、 pu 乞 Board of Army, Wat 
Office. 

海軍部 HaP chiin^ pu^. Board of Navy, 
Admiralty. 

All this time affairs were in a state of flux. It 
Is difficult to find two Chinese teachers wlio 
agree as to the number of Bcwrds. Affairs 
with foreign nations were under the Old 
Empire managed by the 總 JJg 衙門 TsungS {{3 
ya^ nien^, or Foreign Office. Later this was 
also called a Board, and the name of the Board, 
of Civil Office altered also, as appears below. 
外務部 fVai"^ 謂 4 pu4. Board of Foreign 
Affairs. 

K 政部 Min^ cheng^pu^. Board of the Interior. 
A further addition to the number of Boards 
appears below, and by some the next one is 
also classed as a Board, thus making in all 
eleven, as at present. 



Lesson 



NEW TERMS 



举 SIS Hsiie- Hoard of Kducalion. 

Wiif^ yin^ clxwan^ pu^. Board of Posts and 

Coininnnicatious. 
都察院 Tii^ ch*a^ yiien^. The Censorate, an 

old office. 

? f S^ 院 Tsx^ cheng^yuent Advisory Council, 
j^lij^ Tsl^ cliu\ Provincial Assem- 
bly. 

總督 Tsung^ txt^. Viceioy. 

巡撫 Hsiin- Governor of Province. 



果台 NieA t'ai^. Provincial Judge. 

;^!台 Fan^ fai^. • Provincial Treasurer. 

运寧司 r'i- hsiie: sV, Commissioner of Edu- 
cation for Province. 

知府 ChV fii\ Prefect. 

知州 CAii chou\ County Magistrate, 
ChV hsien'^. District " 

前& Ch'ien^ ck,inffi. The former dynasty,-^ 
the name by which it is now always 
called, instead of Ta^ Ch*in^\ 



* 中央政 府, 何等紊 '亂, 各省現 
僳何 等騒擾 



Note 1. 

* 君主 I 



Wet", involved. 

[根 本於 神權. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

How embarrassed is the Central Administration ; 
disturbed the condition of the provinces I 



how ^ 



頁美 政府勝 於惡劣 政府, 惡 

劣政府 於 無政府 

*^ 自共 和宣佈 (39) 以來, 由專 

制奴隸 (36), 一 jfir 而 爲主人 

翁, 五族 (18) 同 享平等 (14), 何 
等 自由, 决無人 肯爲前 淸出 
死力, 可不 待言, 即以前 淸論, 
宣統並 非亡國 (18) 之君, 但 
貴族賣 官^ 爵, 廷 皆亡國 
之 臣耳, 以我 觀之. 隆《'^;太 
后, 實不愧 爲女中 堯舜: 蓋去 
歳若非 隆裕太 后甘心 返讓, 




兄弟^ 食降 裕之賜 云云. 

*^1:4:1 腐 》¥向 禁衛軍 之演說 ). . 

Note 1. Yu**, to sell. 
Note 2. Two famous emperors of ear- 
liest antiquity, who both abdicated. 

"^於 中央 一面, 不 失統一 之權, 

於各哲 一面, 亦 得輿論 (14) 

之同意 (45) 

這還 £: 以念 過書又 留心政 
a 事的 人說, 若 &不識 字的捐 
# 班. 或 l^f 於^^ 的小 人更^ 

必 题嘞. 故此 前淸的 政: 氣 

才' U 兄腐敗 (31) 

Note 1. This abbreviated form of the 
character It ii very common in new»- 



The monarchical form of government is founded on the 
divine right of kings. 

A good government is better than a bad government ; a 
bad government is better than no government at all. 
Since the proclamation of the Republic, we have passed 
at one bound from being a tyrant's slaves to being 
sovereign lords, and the five races enjoy equality. Oh 
what freedom ! Certainly no one would care to lay 
down his life for the former dynasty, that goes without 
saying. Yet speaking of the former dynasty, Hsiien 
T、mig was not an unpatriotic inouarch ; but the royal* 
family bought officials and sold official position, and the 
court was full of statesmen ready to destroy their country. 
According to my opinion, the Empress Lung Yu might 
without shame be called a female Yao or Sliuu; for last 
year if she had not voluntarily abdicated, it would have 
been impossible to avert a fearful conflict between North 
and South. We owe it to the Km press Lung Yu that 
we are all enabled to extend to each other the right hand 
of fellowship, with true brotherly love. 
On the side of the Central Govenimeut, there will be no* 
loss of integrity of power, while ou the side of the pro- 
vinces, there will be a gain in unity of public sentiment. 
(After certain criticisms on officials serving in provinces not 
their own). This is said with reference to scholarly ueu,* 
Mio devote themselves to their official duties; but if they 
arc illiterate ineu who have purchased office, or mean wretches 
who are given to chicjiiery, they are still more out of the 

question. It was just ou this account that the goverumcat 
of the former dynasty became daily more corrupt. 



8 



新名詞 



LESSON V. 

Government, (Continued), 
Part //• Pkovisional Government. 



The terms in this chapter are those adopted 
at the change to the Provisional Government, 
or gradually evolved by them in their efforts 
to bring about a permanent government. 
There is an apparent desire to at least bc^iii 
the work of chaiigiiitj the nature of the old by 



changing its name ; also a levelling" power is 
stronelv marked, ― all men free and eaunl. 

The terms are brought down lo Seplember 
191 2 ; but it is for the fiUme to decide 
whether or no this chapter will require to be 
recast later. 



Vocabulary. 



臨 時政府 厶 sh'i^ cheng^ fu^. Provisional 

Government. 
* 行攻? fi5 Hsinff cheng^ pu^. The Executive. 
特 人總統 i''"2jW2/(i4/.qm5r:u'""i73. Acting 
or Provisional President. 

臨特 副總統 IMi'shr fnUsung^ rinig\ Acting 
Vice-President. 

國 務總理 Kzvod^ wu^ tsung^ ZP' Preitijer. 
After the surname of the man occupying 
the post, the two characters are 
sufficient, as 唐 總理, Premier T,ang. 

總铳 書 TswigS fungi mi^ shu^ chang^. 
Chief secretary of President 

顧問官 人'〃 4 zvcH^ kzvan\ Adviser to Govern- 
ment. 

國務院 KwoS^ wm4 yuen\ Council Chamber. 
# 部總長 Ke^ />"4 tsung^ change. Cabinet 

Ministers, the Ministry, the Cabinet, 

(See illustrations). 
The names of the Boards are but little 
changed, as will be seen below. 
外交 Ip IVai^ chiaoi />"■*. Board of Foreign 

Affairs, Foreign Office. 
內務部 NgiA ? pu4. Board of Interior or 

Home Affairs. 
財政部 Ts'aP chhig^ pii^. Board of Finance. 
敎育部 Chiao^ yii^ />"•*• Board of Education. 
陸軍部 Ln^chiin^ pn^. Board of War,— Anuy. 
海軍部 Hai^chiin^ pu^. Board of War,— Navy. 
司法部 Si^ fa^ pn^' Board of Justice. 
農林^ Nung'^ lin^ pu 夂 Boaid of Agriculture 

and Forestry. 
工商部 Ktmgi shmgi pu4. Board of Industry 

and Commerce. 
交通部 Chiao^ t、tngi pu 乞 Board of Com- 
munications. 
理藩部 乙 is /""2 /^"4, Siiperintendency of 

outlying provinces and dependencies. 
•^^}-% Li-^ fa^ />"4. The Lkgisuative:. 
^ "^議 院 ZjV ts'an' i4 yii^n^. Advisory 

Council, (Provisional). 



國會 Kivoa^ JmriK National Assembly. 

參議院 Ts'an^ i-* yiicn^. Upper house or 
vSeuate. 

衆識院 Chiing^ i4 yUen'^. Lower house, House 

of Representatives. 
議長 7"4 cluing^. President of Senate. 
識員 /4 yUen^, Member of Parliament. 
司法部 S'i^ /a3 pti^. The Judiciary, (for 

particulars see Lesson X). 

Provincial Ofi-icers. 
都督 TV tuK Military governor of province, 

― an old term revived, being- in use at 

the time of the Three Kingdoms, rnean- 

inof then a Conimander-in-chief. 
民政長 Min^ cheng^ chang^. Chief (A Civil 

Administration. 
軍政長 Chun^cheng^ chang^. Chief of Military 

Administration. 
民政司 M\n^ chcng^ s'i\ Home Department. 
敎育司 C7"ci(?4 yii-\ sV. Department of Edu- 

cation. 

內移司 訓 4 sV. Department of Internal 
Affairs. 

司法司 Si、 fa^ sVr Provincial Judiciaiy, 
nfjg^T^ Ts,ai2 cJu'ity^ sV. Department of 
Finance. 

外交 t', jyai-^chiao^ sV. Department of foreign 

alYairs. 

交通司 Cliiao^ t'nnj^ sV. Department of 

Coiiiniunicatioiis. 
科長 K'e^ chivuj^. Head of Department. 
本 i 員 K,S、 yiien^. Clerk of Department. 
^、議 會 Shcng^ " hwei-^. Provincial assembly, 
igl^^ Shcng^ yiien^. Member of Provincial 

Assembly. 
府知事 ch'i^ j/u^. Prefect, 
j^^tl^ Hsicn^ ch'i^ sKi^. District Magistrate, 
lilli 方臭宫 TiA fangi change k 霞 1, Chiefs of 

local government. 
中華 《K: 國 Chung^ hzva^ min' kwoa^. The 

Republic of China. 



Lesson 6, 



NEW TERMS 



各部 大臣, 應 暫改稱 正副首 

領, 其餘 U 稱宵 名. 如知府 

知縣, 一Lli 叫他知 府知縣 ,就 
得啦, 這一 下子, 扎」^ C 人老爺 
大公組 的© 號,一 # 掃除 乾 
淨, 痛快 

"臨 時大總 統命令 〇 恭議院 
,决 (16) 修正 國務院 官制, 
+本大 總統按 照約法 第二十 
二條公 佈:、 'j ' 之、 此令, 國務 
院 官制第 一條, 國務 院以國 
務員組 織〈、39) 之 〇 第二 條國 
務員 爲國務 總项, 以 左列各 
部 總長, 外交 總長, 內務總 
長、 財政 總長, 陸 軍總, 長, 海 
軍 總長, 司法 總長, 敎育總 
長, 農林 總長, 工商 總長, 交 
通總長 〇 第三 條國務 總现, 
* 爲國務 K 首領, 保持 行政之 
統一 (30) 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

All Cabinet Ministers should for the present be called 
Presidents or Vice-Presidents (of their respective Boards);* 
as for other officials, as the Prefectural and District 
Magistrates, just call them that, and that is the end of 
it. At this period all honorifics, such as Great Sir, 
Your Honor, Noble Sire &c., are all cleared away at one 
clean sweep. (Colloquial Editorial). 

Presidential Mandate. The present President, in* 
accordance with the 22ud article of the Constitution 
hereby proclaims the decisions of the Advisory 
Council, regarding the composition of the Cabinet, and 
its official duties. 

1, The Cabinet shall be composed of the Cabinet 
Ministers. 

2. The Cabinet Ministers shall be the Premier and 
the following heads of Boards, The Minister of Foreign 

Affairs, the Minister of the Interior, the Minister of 
Finance 纏 the Minister of War (or Army), the Minister 
of the Navy, the Minister of Justice, the Minister of 
Education, the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, the 
Minister of Industry and Conjmercc, the Minister of 
Communications. 

Art, 3. The Premier shall be the head of the Ministry,*^ 
to preserve unity in administration. 



LESSON VI 
GOVERNMENT (Continued). 



Part III, Finance, the 

、&班 CVu'wfT ^;,;4. Finances, economics- 

. 块 Kwod-^ k'cK NatitJiKil rc\ ciuie. 
. Jfiii^ 'FfH chi4. Estimates. 
N R ii S ^"^Ofi'^ piao-^. National budget. 
、 移 S/iwcii The Customs. 

税 司 S/uaei-^ 訓 4 s'iK Commissioner of 
Customs. 

IS'^^fxH mi Kzvod^ chiai chzvan^ mai^ p'i,i3. 

(iovei umcnt monopoly, as salt. 
5S 税 Vicn^ shzvei-^. Salt gabdle. 
、 lii C7i'"' k'oti^ shwei-^. Export tax or 
* 山 it -、、 

人 II 稅 k*ou^ shweiK Import lax or duty. 
JlSiiA Kxvod^ chaiK National debts. 



Post-Office, the Flag. 

Ch'oH^ k,wm3. To raise money, td 

、 finance a project, to secure funds. 
' 圃儐恶 Kzvod- chai-^ p'iao^. Government bonds, 

{IjUc ChicA k'zvan-^. Loan. 

I^SIfi Kzvoa- min~ chiicn^. People's contri- 
bution, national subscription. 
、 S '國招 /i/*^ kxvoa^ chiicnK Same; (patriotic). 

ffS^ PiK Money, wealth, currency, (original 
meaning;, silk. ) 

通^¥ T'uH{j、 pao^. Currency. 

JJtfl? Chi^ pi^. Paper money, bank bills. 
:jt Dollar. 

if- It 】'(7"'/2 yiien^ Foreign dollar* 



LO 



新名詞 



Lesson 6, 



Dime. 



Copper "cent/' equal to 
ten cash or less. 



Silver mint. 



銀元 Fin^ yuen^. Silver dollar. 
角 Chiao^. 
毛 Mflo2. 

銅元 T'ung: yiien^ 

銅子 " 

夠板 " pcin^. 
'鎮 幣力' if />(4//!'"— yMinW 
'造 幣廠 了層 4 /)/4 chajig\ 
^^f^j l,i'"2 />H chii'. ] 
銀元葛 yiw2 yiien^ chii^, | 
* 元/^ T'ung- yiicn^ chiP, Copper mint. 
以金 本位 cf""i Tvei^ pen^ w'nA To 

adopt a gold standard. 
郵政局 Yw2 chcng"^ chii^. PosT-OfficE- 
郵務局 c/"72. The same, newer name, 
PU^tl^ yi>i^ hwa^ fiao^. Revenue stamps, 
郵費 Postage. 
信票 仏', "4/>W.l 
nW< p'iao^. j^lostage stamp. 

司 Yin^ chcng"^ si^. Post-master. 

^信片 Ming^ hsin"^ p'ien^. Postal, post-card. 

快信 ICzvai'^ hsin"^. Special delivery, ex- 
press letter. 

褂號 hao 氕 To register a letter. 

[EJ 執 // 2vci^ d"2. Receipt of above. 

H 拽號 Tan^ kxva^ hacr*. Registration, single. 

雙褂號 Shzvang^ kiva-^ hao^, „ with 
return receipt. 

Hxvei^ p、iaoA. Money order. 
國 旗 Kwoa^ ch*i\ National Flag. 



SIIK Lung^ ch'i^. Flag of the Manohu 

dynasty. 

五色旗 Jy^<^ se"^ ch'i^. The revolutionary or 
Republican flag, (lit. the five color flag). 

Note. A Chinese if asked the meaning of the 
five colors, will count over on his fingers, *' Red, 
yellow, blue, white, black ; Han, Man, M$ng, 
Hwei, Tsang." But foreigners usually transpose 
the last two making the black stripe stand for the 
Mohammedan and outlying tribes. A sinologue 
recently writing in the North China Daily News 
even denied that it stood for five races at all, 
arguing that it meant the five elements, or some 
other quintuple combination in the Chinese 
cosmogony. Kvidenlly he had never seen the 
badge gotten out by the Commercial Press, bearing 
in the centre a five colored flag, underneath which 
was a map of the larger China, having the eighteen 
provinces (漢) colored red ; Manchuria (满) yellow ; 
Mongolia (^) blue; Hi, Ch'iug Hai and Ilsin Chiang 
([E]) white; and Tibet (藏) black. The h\ut 
border bears the inscription 屮華民 國領土 統一, 
" The Chinese Republic, a united territory." The 
Chinese newspapers also all agree as to this 
interpretatiou of the stripes. The Chinese had the 
first word in the matter of the flag ; and we can 
let them have the last also. ^ 

掛國旗 iC7t'a4 kzvoa^ ch'i^. To raise or fly the 

national flag. 
下半旗 Hsia-^ pan^ ch?. Flag at half mast. 



如 今共和 大中華 民國. 國旗 
晳用 五彩, 紅^ 藍 白黑, 雖 
係' 暫用. 將來 料無更 動了, 新 
旗比 舊旗, 好看, 又省事 . • 

♦Note. Hsi''4' Wen-li for " is/' 

稍離 杆頭, 即爲 下牛旗 • . . • 

*^主張':37)採用烟酒茶鹽四項, 

爲國家 專賣品 

體]» ,參事 會. 因鄕 間剪髪 (H) 

Tmm- 特議 一絕妙 辦法, 
令邑 人凡带 辮者, 每月金 J 人 
捐 銅元五 十秋, 名曰 辦髪國 
民招 …-. .* 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

At present the national flag of the Chinese Republic is 
temporarily made up of five colors ; red, yellow, blue, 
white and black. Though we say temporarily, yet in 
all probability it will not be changed in the future, for 
the new flag: is both prettier than the other, and also 
easier to make. 

If hung (a flag) at a little distance from the top of the 
flag-staff, it is called at * half-mast." 
To advocate the selection of tobacco, wine, tea and salt 
as government monopolies. 

Seeing that queue cutting did not make advance in theO 
district; the T'eng Hsien Assembly hit upon an excel- 
lent plan : all citizens wearing the queue are to con* 
tribute fifty cents a montlij which is called the Queue 
People's Contribution. 



Lhsson 



NEW TERMS 



? 1 



本報收 得愛國 招之數 〇 五 
月 十六號 起三十 一號止 〇 
共收 大洋肆 拾伍元 〇 小洋 
弍 拾壹角 〇 銅元壹 但肆拾 

! tlJc 

Note. The characters representing; num- 
bers are in the large or official style used 
on bank bills and in accouunts. 



Contributions to the Patriotic Contribution Fund received 
by this paper. (The Educational Woman's Daily, 
Peking) . 

From the 16th to the 31st of the 5th moon. 

Total, — in dollars, $45, 一 in small silver 21 dimes, 一 in 

copper 141 copper cents. 



LESSON Vll. 

GOVERNMENT. (Continued). 
Part IV, Functions, Constabulary, &(% 



國權 KwolP ch'tien^. National sovereignty. 

主權 Chu^ ch'iien^. Independent authority. 
治之權 Tsi-^ c/iH chV ch'iien2. Autonomy. 

i^f/f Kung3 ivu4. Mining. 

括 樣 Ts,ai3 chiie2 ch'uen^. Right to ex- 
ploit mines. 

森林 Sen^ lin^. Forestry, afforestation. 

S 林試驗 Nung2 〃"2 yi^,t4 ch'angl 

Government experimental farm, 

憲? Hsien-^ fa^. Constitution. 

1^ 案 an-*. Parliamentary bill. 

&令 Ming^ ling^. Mandate. 

j^/^ Chiao^ Instructional Mandate. 

2 & 布法律 Kung^ />"4 /a3 lii 乞 To promulgate 
laws. 

執 行法律 ChV hsing^ fa^ lu^. To execute 
laws. 

宣戰 Hsiien^ chan-^. To declare war. 
1^ fll Kou4 he-. To innke peace. 
歸結 條約 chiei t'iao^ yne\ To make 
treaties. 

立同盟 厶 t,"》ig2 mhig2. To make alliances, 
Hsiicn^ pi" chiin^ ling^. To pro 
claim martial law. 
簽押 Ch'ieni ya^ 

Fu^ shu^. To countersign. 
任命 Jcn^ To appoint by decree. 

委住 II' ei^ jen^- To commission. 
簡住 Chien^ jcnK To specially appoint 



位 it 

調遣 

裁撤 

堪錯 



I To affix a signature. 



Hsi'ien- p'ai^. To select and commission. 
Wei^ f/iH. To station. 
Tiad'' ch'ienX To transfer to another 
office. 

Ts'ai^ c/i'H To abolish. 
Pa~* mien^. To remove from office. 
,〜 Chii^ ts'od^. I To appoint (good officials" 
任 g JenA inien^. j and remove (bad ones). 
放棄 Fang"^ ch'i^. To lay aside one s duties. 
辭職 7Vi2 chP. To resign. 

IS ? 1 To abdicate. 

J 鑲 Twei^ianq^ To give up, to yield. 
■ 彈幼 T,a"2 hp. To impeach, 
^jfijfft Hsini hsing- lil^. New penal code. 

Kzvoa^ shi^ /""■*. Political crimiual. 
整察 Ching^ cWd^, \ Police, constable, sin- 
巡 g Hsini'^ ching^, J gular or plural. 
S 占尚的 C7m«4 kang^ ti^. Policeman, (lit. one 

who stands on an cinineitce.) 
派出所 P,ai'4 cA'wi sod^. Police station. 
避 liifi 尸' '4 fcfig^ ke-. Sentry box. 
偵探 Ch 、― I t'an\ Detective. 
Sliti f^siht^ tcei\ Honors (gov't)' 

Jung^ tien^. Decoration bestowed, 

fj-jrjj Jcii ^ ch'i、 Term of office. 

f.fi^;^ -、, " ""4 /im,/4. Secret session. 

f^jji Tai^ "3. Deputy. substitute, acting. • • • 



ILLUSTRATIONa 

大抵各 阈之立 慰' Generally speaking, every nation, whether Monarchy or* 

君 i 飞" ^、 {^!:二1:-立懇, & 1^、 Republic, ill adopting a constitution, must pass through 

*^ 經 * 虔 尔命, 而 後得之 • • • • a period of revolution iii accomplishing it. 

^時 大總統 執行 法律的 The Provisional President is the one who executes the laws. * 

將 1^ 卞巧 li 全行 釋放 All political criminals were released. 

IBcM^^iSi , Bogus detectives were arrested. 



12 ^ 



新名謂 



Ltssoxc 



選 出議員 二員, 任期六 年.. 

日昨财 政部, 送交 [^1 務院議 
案 一件, 係因該 "部) 」11 税裁 

厘 3, 應與 此次外 交?^ R 是識 (16) 

修正 稅則, 饼案 li 理 

Note 1. n 昨 Wcii-li, a few days ago. 
Note 2. fl \V*eu-li, this, the aforesaid. 
Note 3. Li^, W^n-li, contraction for 
厘金. 

昨 日代理 總理趙 秉釣, 出席 

*{16) 參 議院, 報告政 府對於 
(33) 蒙葳 辦法, 已有 把握, 至 
* 對 於英俄 兩國之 外交, 则一 
"飞刀 遵照舊 時條約 辦理, 趙代 
總理報 告後, 因言昨 日參議 

院之秘 密會, ii, 各報 竟將條 

件 登出, (25) 殊 於國際 (11) 
* 交涉 有礙亟 應傳知 各報, 注 
* 意 〔39) 秘密 S 



Note I. Pa3 woa4. to grasp in the hand, 
i.t, come to a decision. 
Note 2. H Shu', very. 



所 列事項 (40) 應 經國務 會議, 
一 法律案 一敎 令案, 二預算 
* 案及决 算案, 三預算 外之支 
出, 四軍隊 之編制 (37) 五條約 

案, 六宣 戰搆和 事項, 七篛任 
官之 進退, 八各 部權限 (41) 
增益 

甲 由省議 會推舉 (16) 數人, 
tt 中央 政府擇 一人簡 任之. 

^ 乙 或由 省議會 公選, 而中 
央政府 得以罷 免之, 或由中 
央政府 簡任, 而省議 會得以 
彈劾^ 



Two senators are appointed for a term of six years. 
Yesterday the Board of Finance sent in a Bill to the 
Cabinet, because this Board is considering the increase 翁 
of duties, and the abolition of the likin. These ought 
to be incorporated in the same bill with the revision of 
the duties, which at this time is being discussed by the 
Board of of Foreign Affairs. 

Yesterday Deputy Premier Chao Ping Chiin was pres- 
ent at the Deliberative Assembly and announced that 
with regard to the management of the Mongolian and 
Thibetan question, the government had already come to 
a conclusion ; while with regard to relations with Eng- 
land and Russia, all affairs should be managed in 
accordance with former treaties. After this announce- 
ment, Deputy Chao went on to say, that the affairs 
discussed in the secret session of the Assembly, were 
all printed in detail in the newspapers. This is very 
detrimental to international relations ; and the Press 
should immediately be informed that they must take care 
to respect secrecy. 

The following affairs shall be discussed by the Cabinet:— 
ai The enactment of laws aud the issuance of orders 
and instructions, b. The Budget and Accounts, c. Ap- 
propriations not included in the Budget, d. The organiz- 
ation of the- -sriuy. J^reaties. f. The declaratiou of 
war and tlie \:Onclusion' *of peace, g. The appointineut 
and dismissal of specially appointed officers, h. "The de- 
finition of the powers of the sevtral Ministers. (From 
Constitution of the Cabinet. Rep. Advocate). 

a. Several men are nominated by the tiovfncial* 
Assembly, from whom the Central Governineat chooses 
one and appoints him. 

b. Even if a man ts unanimously elected by the* 
Provincial Assembly, the Central Government may yet 
remove him from office ; or even if appointed by the 
Central Government, the Provincial Assembly may yet 
impeach him. 



前電言 淸帝- 退位, 臨 時大總 Yesterday's telegram stated that the Provisional Presiclent 

日 I 辭牆 wotild resign whenever the Manchu Kmperor should 

Note I. Chi^ ji4, the same day , promptly, abdicate. 



Lesson 8. 



NEW TERMS 



13 



LESSON VIII. 

Military Affairs. 
軍 務 



Part 



Personklle. 



New Na?ne. 



Old Name. 



English Name, 



No. Men. 



Title of Commander. 



Note 1. " The Military Nation of China," as it delights to call itself, la yet in its infancy, and 
ba -, not fully learned to speak in a language common to the rest of the world, or consistent with itseU. 
So the above names and number* may not be the same in all places, and the English equivalents are 
only a rough approximation. 

Note 2. Under the old regime, and possibly under tbe new, the 20 @ of the dlyislon, If* 
complete, consisted of 12 of infantry, 3 of artillery, 5 of cavalry, 1 of military engineers, and one of 
RTUiy service corps. 



Vocabulary. 



5f 界 Chiin^ chie^. The army. 

^^jfi Min^ chiinK Revolutionary army, (lit. 

people's army). 
革 5|£ Ke^ cliiin^. The same, ― the army of 

光 fft^ip- h'wcw(" fir chun\ The same, (lit. 

army of the returning; light. 
南取 Nan- chitn^. Tlie same, (lit. army of 

the S"iith). 
化 5P Pei^ fhi'ini. Imperial army, (lit. army 

of the North). 
fffi'ifl Man^ chiinK Tlie same, (lit. Manchu 

army). 

ffi"^ Ck'ing^ cHihr. The same, (lit. army of 
the ^ dynasty). 
WoiP C7(,ti"(/3 ^t»/4 c/ni'i'. Regular nnny. 
Hg"^ Lu-^ chiinK Land forces, the ariuy. 



成旅 Hun^ ch'^ng- Mixed brigade, ― in- 
fautry, cavalry, artillery &c. 

P'ao-^ tivei^, 1 Artillery, (when 兵 is 
jjg 兵 P*ao^ ) usetl, as in this ami sub- 

sequent terms, it niaj. refer to a single 
one of the band ). 
餓政局 T'ic3 cheng^ chit^. Oiduance office. 

ISj^ A/aJ ping、 > Cavalry. 
觭^ Clii' pinjK J 

^lU 尸" 4 广"' n< 

JL^i% Ktouf ch'eng- pingK Military en 
gineers. 

染隊 Ch 'un^ yiie^ tzvei-^ Military baud. 
^'H/L HaiJ ihiin^. Navy. 



Infantry. 



Squad. 
Section. 

Company, (Infantry). 
Battery, (Artillery). 
Troop, (Cavalry). 
Battalion, (Infantry). 

,, (Artillery). 
Squadron, (Cavalry). 
Regiment. 
Brigade. 
Division. 
Army, (in war). 



Ying\ 



\ 小 Ufa 
正 s 
排長 

畏'《 



柳排連 ^ 阇旅^ 



^ w 旅. g 



14 



新名詞 



irKSSON 8 



小靜 I? Hsiao^ chien^ izvcr^. Squadron, ― navy. 
^^f^W Yiu^chi^chien'^twei'^. Flying squadron. 

兵隊 Pingi twei^. Soldiers, 

精兵 Ching^ ping\. Trained soldiers. 

新兵 Hsin^ pingK K ecru its. 

軍士 Chih" shK Petty officers. 

艦隊 C7">"4 Marines. 
敏軍 Lien^ chiln^k Allied forces. 
憲兵 Hsicn-^ piiig、 Military police. 

衛隊 fzvei^^ Body guard, as of governor 
&c. 

禁衛軍 Chin4 zvei^ chiin^. Body guard of 
head of government, former Imperial 
body guard. 

術戌 『"'4 shu^. Garrison, 

3^P'^' Hsuri^ shaoK Military watch in time 
of war, 

游掠 Pli? i^"*2 ch'ii twei"^. Patrol of camps in 

ordinary times. 
偵探 Cheng^ t'an^. Scouts. 
* IS 重& 《 TVii chung^ twei^. Army service corps. 



前隊 Cliien^ iwei^, ) The vanguard, the fore- 
Bil^^ Cli'icu^ J front. 

//o"4 twei4. The rearguard. 
4iH Viu^ i4. Right wing or flank. 
左 S Tsoa^ i4. Left wing or flank. 
上將 Shang^ chiang^. Field marshal. 
中將 Chung^ chiang^, \ Lieutenant General, 
都統 '尸" 1 t'ung^. j Major General. 
司令 S'i^ ling^. Officer in command. 
&谋官 Ts'an^ vtOH^ ku'a"、 Staff 

officer. 

司移長 wu^ change. General Superin- 
tendant, 

差遣官 Ch'ai^ ch'ien^ kzvan^. Aide-de-camp. 
敎練官 Chiao'^ /i>«4 kwani • Drillmasten 
軍需官 Chiin^ hsii^ kwanK Quartermaster. 
©言£ 官 Shu^ chiA ku'anK Secretary. 
司書生 51^1 shu' shengK Clerk. 
總稽査 Tsuufp ch,a2. General Inspector. 

. Hsien^, Brevet 

署. • Shu^. Acting 

gj. ./^m4. Deputy or vice , 

傳令兵 CWwan^ Ung^ ping.^ Orderly. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

陸軍音 1^ 贯總長 ,以女 子從軍 The Minister of the Department of the Army, Hwang, 
大非 所宜, 特咨' 行各 軍隊, considers it highly improper for women to join the army, and 
~ ^律 取消 (16), 如女 子果抱 has issued a special order dissolving all their military bauds 
愛國 熟誠, (19) 可 至各病 If women are truly animated by patriotic zeal, let them find 
院充看 護之役 ,較之 前驅殺 employment as hospital nurses, which is certainly more 
敵, 實爲 合宜云 ' • • suitable thau going out to kill the enemy. 

Note 1. Tsi', to report, to dispatcli 
Tsi' hsing^, to issue an order. 

保護 洽安 (39), 綠 彀 軍人的 To preserve the public peace, this is what constitutes coming 
資格 (19) • up to the standard of a soldier. 

山 西陽高 縣變亂 之兵, 進攻 lu Shansi, Yang Kao Hsien, the mutinying soldiers uiade 
大同, 今 f& 在 該荒地 驻紮' , an advance, attacking the city of Ta T'ung Fu, and arc 
§參 謀官, 接得 確報, 統率 still encamped on the waste lands near that place. Strategical 
i 亨眷^ 寧 《;普 Advisei: Wu on hearing definite news of this, led out thiee* 
帶 山砲: &尊, HOtttitST -J^^ full companies of infantry and a section of artillery, and 
Note 1. Chu< cha', to encamp. ^-. , - . , , , 

Note 2. Cheng' fao^. to subjugate, taking along five mouutam canuou, advanced upon them to 



Lesson 9. 



NEW TERMS 



is 



^ 乃聞近 日軍界 警界, 仍有干 
涉 (11) 政治之 行爲, 殊;^ 非 



軍隊 名稱, 軍師 ( 即鐡 ), 旅 

(即協 ), m (即標 ), 營, 連 
(即隊 ), 排。 

按前 淸所用 M 協標等 字樣, 
純 係採用 綠營 名目, 不 IM 

沿用. 隊字則 係普通 (31) 稱 

呼, 作 爲一定 部隊之 名稱, 
甚多 窒礙, 故改爲 師旅團 
連等, 以 正名義 j〇 中華民 
國 元年八 月十九 日布令 
(民國陸^?制擇要) 

Note 1. Yien*, to skirt by, to follow. 

Note 2. ChH, to obstruct 

Note 3. Ming' i 磚. Meaning, proper 
word according; to meaning. 



It has however come to our notice, that recently the 
soldiery and the police have committed themselves in 
meddling with politics, and such is indeed improper. (Pre- 
sidential Mandate, translated by Rep. Advocate.) 

The names of divisions of the army (are as follows):— ^* 

chiin or sh'i (i.e. chen), lu (i.e. hsie), t'wan (i.e. piao)^ 
ying, lien (i.e. tzvei)^ p'ai. The terms used by the former 
dynasty chen, hsie, piao &c, are all taken from the nomen- 
clature of the Greeu Camp4, and so not suitable to follow."^ 
As to the word tzvei, it is too general in its use, and to 
restrict it to a specific body of soldiery is very forced,* 
Hence the names are changed to sh'i, lii, t'wan, lie", and 
the like, as the correct nomenclature. Order of 1st year of* 
Chinese Republic, 8th month, 19th day. (Selections from 
Republican Army Regulations). • 

Note 4. Green Camp, ― at the titne of the establishment of the Manchu 
dynasty, camps were formed at important centres, to complete the 
subjugation of the Chinese. These camps were called Green Camps, 
and were recruited from local sources, but commanded by Manchu 
officers. Naturally the terms adopted by them would now be distaste- 
ful. 



LESSON IX. 

Military Affairs. 
Pari II. Military Operations, Arms, Equipments, &a 

Vocabulary. 

袖- $ 
頜章 
街章 



Military head- 
Qualification 



IJLFj^ 府 Chiin^ cheng^ fu^. 

quarters. 
IJtA^ 格 C7!/'V yV>i2 tsV kP, 
for military service. 
兵 Chao' ping\ 1 丁。 recruit 

ffi:^ Chao^ w"4 hsin^ pittgi • The same. 
入么 /«4 wu^' To enlist. 
BJ!.j3c Yittg^ The same, (lit. to respond 

to the call for recruits). 

Cliiin^ chu'ang、 , | Soldier's uniform. 
兵衣 Fiiicf iK 】 

47 囊 Hsing- nang^. Knapsack, (not a sack, 
but sleeping rug, enclosing ioIdier*s kit, 
and strapped on back). 

9 聿 Chien^ ciu^ngK Kpaulettc. 



Stripes on sleeve to ia 



dicate rank. 

Ling^ change. Marks ou collar for same 

purpose. 

Hzvei^ chattgi. Cloth badge fastened to 
to the coat for purposes of identification. 
It has wearer's name, nuinber of brigade, 
regiment, &c. 

S? 八,' a':, 1- Decoration. 

/jj tj(J^ Ki"ig、 />•t;i■■^ Ccrtilicate of honor, 
ffil^l Hsiatti/ ^ yin^, | Soldier's pay. The 
j]'. Chiin^ k'zvan^. \ fust term uscil for 
jijlij Jjf ( llslang^ hang^, I pay of iiulividual, the 

last two the collective sum, 
兵 fiB Hattg^. Rations. 

Pittgi Itsiang'^. The SAuie iucluding 

pay. 



16 



新 名 



Lessoh 9- 



恩給银 kei^ yin^. Pension. 

賞格 57ja" 仏; Ir 卜 I "c'"ity to soldiers. 

陸:^ 旗 厶 "4 chiini ch'i\ Army flag. 
Note. This has red field, with black nine pointed 
War, having yellow tips and yellow spots at re- 
entrant angles, making in all eighteen spots for 
eighteen provinces. 

^5 艮旗 Hai^^ chiin' cWi^. The navy flag. 
Note. This flag has red ground, and in upper 
left hand corner a blue square bearing a white 
Buu. The symbolism is doubtless of light. Chinese 
teachers say it is taken from an expression in the 
*" Ku W§ii,'* 光 後山; iq", meaning tlie recovery of 
lost territory. The first two characters only are 
used to epitomize the Revolution, ― a returning 
light, fitly symbolized by the sun. These 
characters appear in one of the names of tbe 
Revolutionary Army ; and on the anniversary of 
the Revolution, the characters 光 fi£ 紀念 sparkled 
on store fronts in electric light. 
軍械局 Chiin} hsie^ chii^. Armory, arsenal. 
5iM Chiin^ hsie^. Arms. 
3!^ 福 Lai' fir cliiang^ Rifle. (^Tiaiislitera- 
tiou). 

毛瑟 It Mao^ se^ ch'iangi. Mauser rifle. 

(Transliteration). 
快 It K'wai'^ ch'iangK 1 Magazine gun, 
:^T-ff He- isi^ clxiang^, J rapid firing gun. 
稱輪 It Chzvan^ lun^ ch'iang\ Revolver. 

餐 「刺 Ch'iiuigi //H. I Bayonet. 
M^l^ Ts'i-* ch'iao4. Bayonet scabbard or 
sheath. 

措揮 7】 Ch'P hu'eii taoK O 伍 cer,s sword, (lit. 

point flourish sword, because flourished 

in giving orders to troops). 
機 P 峻 C/ii" kzvan^ p'ao-i. Machine gun, 

.Maxim gun. 
If^lllfig Kwoa-^ shani p'ao^. Mountain gun. 
Sj^ 戰 Vie^ chmv^ />\jo4 Field piece. 
if\ ^ L'hqX p'ao^. Mortar for firing shells. 
氮^ Lii^ ch'i^ p'ao^. Lyddite gun, (lit. 

cliloi ine gas gun). 
*XMT\') ivuii^^ yile^ chii'. Powder magazine. 

彈' 蓝 Tan^yiie4. j Am 画 mtion. 

子彈 Tsi^ tan*. I ^ . 

子碼 r«3 細 3. I Cartridges. 

無子 IVtr tani. Blank cartridges. 
tkTiiiM Fa>ig4 k'luuji ch'iany\ To fiie blank 
cartridges. 



-f W^ TsP tan'* he-. Cartridge box. 

BKT- P'ao-i tsi3. Camion balls. 

開 K-ai^hwa' tan*. Shell, bomb. 

彈 P'u^ t'ao^ tatf^. Grape shot. 
炸彈 Cha\ /a«4. 1 
炸 子 '""4 ,^i-3. \ Bomb, shrapnel. 

^1^烟^1§ Wxi^ i^^n' yiie4 or yao^. Smokelesj 
powder. 

^'K^ Tao3 hwod3 hsien*. Fuse. 
地雷 Ti4 lei'. Subterranean mine. 
1^ 道 Su'ci'* lao*. Counteruiine, trenches. 
水雷 Shwei3 lei'. Submarine mine. 
魚雷 Vii^ lei\ Torpedo, 
ifft 雷艇 /"'2 t'i'tgs. Torpedo boat. 
I^WM C/i'iii chi" chien*. Torpedo boat des- 
troyer. 

潜水船 Ch'ien'J shwei^ ch'wah^. Submarine 
boat. 

锁 船 T'ie3 chia3 ch'wan^. Iron clad. 
戰權 C/ia«4 chietft, ] 

P'ao^ ch'wan\ f Battle-shjp. 
巡洋艦 Hsii'ii yaug^ chien*. Cruiser. 
兵$^ Pingi lun^. 、 
mm smg4 ch' 画 2. I Transport. 

艘 Sao'. Classifier of gun-boats &c. 
照泡燈 Chao* hai3 teng\ Search light. 
孔明燈 K'uiigi ining2 teng\ l 
謎燈 C'kui kP tcngK ] The same. 

Note. So called because said to have been firsl 

used by the ingenious 諸 I5 亮 in his wars with 

Ts'ao Ts*ao, in the time of the Three Kingdoms. 

His panie 亮, and his title 孔明 both lend them' 

selves to this fanciful theory. 

Tcng^ yi'a. Light signals. 

旅語 Ch^P 3'«3 Flag signals. 

閱兵 y"e4 ping\ \ . 

mm yr^V^/a^i.P^ review troops. 

俾探 Chcng^ or clVcng^ Z'a'H. To reconnoitre. 

調兵 了 iao* ping^. To move troops. 

耍害 Yao^ hai-^. Strategic point 

化據 Chan^ chu^. Position gained. 

IJ 《據 chu4. Bjsc or basis. 

攻# Kung^ cIiiK Attack. 

血戰 Hsiie~^ chan^. Bloody battle. 

f^^^MM Ch'iaug^ lin^ tan^ yii^. The same, 

(lit, a forest of guns and rain of bullets). 
調停 Tiao^ t,ing2. To inteivene in the 

interests of peace. 
停戰 T,ing2 cha"\ Cessation of hostilities, 

armistice, truce. 
退伍 T'zvei4 訓 3, To disband soldiers. 



NEW TERMS 



17 



iM'fi 兵 f wei'* a;"'? piiig\ ) Disbanded sold- 
敏兵 Sau^ pingK J iers. 

;化兵 T'ao- pingi. Deserters. 

i^'^ /">« ) Mutiny 

兵 Phtgi Iwan^. \ mutiny. 

反兵 Pa," fi"、 I Mutinying soldiers. 

軍法裁1=^ Chiin^fai is'ai- p'an-^. Court martial. 

法 Ckiini fa3. Martial law. 
軍分 鬆 Chiin' ling-* ch'iatig' pi\ Executed 

by martial law, i.e. shot to death. 
執法處 CVii- /cj3 ch'u^. Military court. 
矢向 T'a-t yWe^. Grand review. 
分列式 ^^m' sKi^. Manoeuvres. 



口號 K'oii^ hao^. Order or command to soldiers. 
Kwei^ twei^. Fall in. 

舉手觼 Chu^ shoui li\ \ Military salute 
加額臃 Chiai ^2 ,,3. I Mihtaiy salute. 

厶 (4 clicng^. Attention; halt. 
舉 餘致敬 Chii3 ch'iang^ cht^ chinrjK Present 
arms. 

行 注目通 Hsing2 ch"4 则 4 iil To staud at 
attention. 

開步走 />«4 tsoti^. Forward march 
f&%T Cli'i(w(j、 fang* hsia-^. Ground arms. 

Cliii^ cli'iaugK Present arms. 
imi^ K'ai' ch'iang'. Fire. 
徘節 P'ai2 ch'iangK Volley. 
fiS:li^ San-^ twev^. Disperse. 



山柬巡 防營, 於十三 日晚, 

忽爾 譁變, 問其原 因 (26), 
頗;^ 複锥 (30), 有謂省 議會, 
曾提議 (16) 將該營 戟撒. 事 
爲 M 軍所 閗致激 而生變 
者, 有謂因 該營等 餉项, 未 
經發 足者, ^將 j 當 時搶刼 
情肜, 詳誌 l!B 下, 十 三晚九 
参 驻紫新 城第六 兵丁, 
在戯阅 ' 27) 爭鬧. 旋至 十錢 

11^,即糾合全營,同第二第 
四第 七營, 圍攻 束關, 警衛 
二 三營. 均 隨同放 攻擊 

勢甚 猛烈. W;n.V 各城 fiilPfl, 
赋有 第五錨 軍隊, 及三十 
四襟, 笵一標 ,分守 束西城 

抵禦, 嗣 因朿城 in'L 弾藥 

漸! r, 亂兵 遂從來 門 攻進, 
沿 途'' 抢掠 舗戶, 縱火焚 
"燒, ±mi;w 和 肆刼, 都 
急 tr 親' ii 【衛 隊. 分投彈 - 

壓, 十四早 天叨時 . tr!ii:M& 

如 速珠, 幸亂兵 祇价掠 W 
物, 旣足, 已向 西門' /? (出, 死 
^人數 ,1^ 未; 悉, 又 附 
近 新城軍 械局, 亦被 扮掠, 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Mutiny at Chinan. On the 13th the Constabulary 
Battalion (of Shautiiiig ) suddenly raised a clamor and 
mutinied. One hears various reasons assigned for this.* 
Soiue say it was because the question of disbanding iiieiu 

had been discussed in the Provincial Assembly. When 
this fact became known to the soldiers, they were greatly * 
exasperated and mutinied. Some say it was because these 
soldiers and others were in arrears for pay. * 
The particulars are as follows. 一 On the 13th at g P.M.** 
the soldiers of the 6th company who were encamped in 
the new cUy, raised a disturbance on the recreation 
ground. Shortly after, at ten o'clock, they led the entire* 
company in revolt, and being joined by the 2nd, 4th, and 
7th companies, they invested and attacked the East 
Suburb. The 2nd and 3rd companies of the constabulary 
also followed them, discharging their guns. The attack 
was very fierce. At that time the city gate were already 
closed. The only troops making a resistance were the 
thirty-fourth and the first battalions of the fifth Division, 
who divided their forces between the east and the west cities. 
Afterwards, because the government soldiers of the east 
city ran short of ammunition, the mutinying troops forced * 
an entrance into the east gate, looting the stores and 
houses aloug the street as they went, and setting them on 
fire. Local rowdies on all sides joined in tlie robbing. 
Gov. Choii quickly directed his own body-guard to join * 
in and biippiess the trouble. At cb〉-L>【eak on the i^tli, 



18 



新名詞 



Lesson 9. 



火車照';;^開行, 德 國領事 
* 署 U1), 及德華 銀行, 均有第 
五 營兵, 協同 巡 保守, 城 
內大淸 銀行, 已 彼燒燬 .. 

Note I. -,3, suddenly. 

Note 3. CAi\ excited either to grati- 
tude or anger. 

Note 3. TsV chiang^t we will now take. 
This phrase often precedes a detailed 
accouut, and cannot always be trans- 

Note 4. Hsiang* chi 鳥, ■ report of 



Note 5. Chiu 4 to head a sedition. 

Note 6. 7/3 yu^, to reslat. 
Note 7. 5^+4, afterwards. 
Note 8. Ch、 i,,g\ exhausted. 

"國 慶 R 袁大 總統在 總統府 
'1 付 近地, 舉行閲 兵式, 其參 
預' 閲 兵式之 軍隊, 人數約 
&一 萬人, 兹將 所行之 鱧節, 
'大略 如左, [一] 大總 統服' 

海 陸軍元 帥制服 〔29^ 入場, 
[二] 凡上將 以下各 長官, 
"向大 總統行 箄鱧, L 三] 各 
軍隊 士卒向 大總統 立正舉 
鎗 致敬, [四] 大總統 答鱧, 
[五] 軍事處 長報告 各軍隊 
演分 列式, [六] 大 總統南 
向 就座, 國 務總理 及各總 
長左 右座, [七] 分 列式以 
+正南 起點. 至正北 向大總 
統行注 目鱧, [八 j 分列式 
演畢, 由陸 軍總長 軍事處 
長報告 完畢, [九] 各軍隊 
併合周 會繞場 一週, [軍樂 
同 1 「十] 演 畢呼中 華民國 

萬歲, 大總統 萬歳散 隊.. 

Note I. Ts,a»i ,", to take part 
Note 2. This first fu in the clause la a 
vtrb ; the second ie a noun. 



shots were still heard in a continuous shower, (lit, like a 
string of pearls). Fortunately the mutinying soldiers 
were satisfied with only looting property, and retreated out 
of the west gate. The number of killed and wounded are 
mot yet known. It is also reported that the arsenal near 
the New City was also looted. The trains were running 
as usual. The German Consulate and the Deutsch- 
Asiatische Bank were protected by the soldiers of the 
fifth division and the constabulary. The Imperial Bank 
in the city was burned. 

Note 9. Yien^ along the road. 

Hote 10. 5?* chie*^ robbing on all sides, the "four" referring tc catt, 
west, north and south. 
Note II. Ch、i\ to direct. 

Note 12. Hsie^ i'ung^^ together with. ——- -. 

Review of troops in Peking. On the anniversary of 
the Revolution, Pres. Yuen held a review of the troops on 
the grounds near the Presidential mansion. Those taking 
part in the review were in all 10,000 men. The order 
of exercises was as follows. 

1. The President entered the field, wearing; the uniform 
of the Commander-in-Chief of the Array and Navy. 

2. All officers below the rank of Field-Marshal gave the 
President the military salute. 

3. Each body of troops, officers and privates, halted ift^ 
front of the President, most respectfully presenting arms. 

4. The President returned their salutes. 

5. The officer in charge of the field gave commands to 
each body for the various manoeuvres. 

6, The President then seated himself facing south, the 
Prime Minister and members of the Cabinet sitting on his 
left and right, 

7. The manoeuvering commenced at the southernmost* 
part as starting point, and worked around to the farthest 
north, where they halted in front of the President standing 
at attention. 

8. At the close of the manoeuvres, the commanding officer 
of the army and the one in charge of the parade ground 
announced that the performance was finished. 

9. All the bodies of troops in solid ranks marched around ^ 
the parade ground, to the accompaniment of martial music. 

10. The review closed with shouts of Long live the 
Republic 1 l^ong live the Fresideat 1 



Lesson i* 



NEW TERMS. 



LESSON X. 

Ths Law. 



法 

The terms to be used in law are as yet 
tttidecided, being now in process of evolution. 
Many of these below are taken from Presi- 



dential Mandates, the Rnglish translation of 
the term following that of the Republican 
Advocate. 



Vocabulary. 



法制局 FaS chii2> Legislative Bureau at 
Peking. 

控!^院 K'ung'^ ju^ yiien^ ) Supreme 
大 lif 一 Ta4 shen^ yiien"^, > Court, 
大理^ Ta^ /" yiien-K j Appellate 

court, Court of Cassation. 
高等 審判廳 Kao^ ieng^ shen^ p'an^ t,ingi. 

High Court of Justice. 
法庭 Fa^ t,ing\ ) Court of Justice, 

審判超 Shen-^ p'an* t'ino'^. i Law court. 
髙 等檢, ii /vao^ taig^ chiet" ch'a^ t,i"g\ 

Ilij^h Court of Procuration. (Rep. 

Advocate trans.)- 
lii^'^IS Chien、 ch'a- Ving^, Court of first 

instance. 

*1 &方? If 5^.1 媳 TV fangi skSn3 p、cinWiftgi. Local 
Court. 

剩! £^ Hsing- Ving^, Criminal Court 

li^lii Mi}i~ t'ing-. Civil Court. 

-動 1 所 Ts'ai" yanUod^. Courtroom ov house. 

^j^^g Liayi^^ \saQ^ twei^ chi'^. Cross- 
examination of plaintiff and defendant. 

會 75 所 户 shen^ soU^. Mixed Court. 

高 等法官 Kao^ teng^ fa^ kzvan\ Judge of 
Supreme Court. 

1 shi^, y Judge, Justice. 

? iifi I'd ^ kzvan^. I 
蒋 判跑畏 Shcn^ p'an^ t'iug^ chang-^. Presiding 
Jud^e. 

il^^ 橫' 祭總長 Kao' tcng^ chien^ cKa^ ts,mg'、 

f JniiK/ '. Procurator general. 
filfHj^???'^ Chien^ /"【 chien^ c/iV kzvan^- 

Supervising Procurator. 
橫>粍*|^ Chien^ sht"^ hvan^. | 
橫 '《卜 A" Chien^ ch^a- kzvan^. > Procurator, 
t^'^li Chien^ cWa^ yiien^, J 
提:^ 司 T,i2 /。3 sV. Provincial Commissioner 
of Justice. 



大 ff<ni!i Ta^ shV. 



Lawyer, barrister, 
solicitor at 】<nv, 
atloiiicv-at-law. 
couu»cllor-at-law, 



Secretary of Court, 



To arrest. 



寄記官 5Vm' chi^ kwan^. 
Registrar, 

陪赛員 shcn^ yiieii^-. Jurvinnn. 
承發& Ch'eng^ /a【 "4. Clerks of receiviug 

and dispatching office. ' 
19: 吿 yi;ett2 kao"^ Plaintiff, prosecutor. 
被吿 Pei"^ kao'^. Defendant, respondent. 

Chnuj-^ jen^. Witness (the person ). 
M 造 Liang3 isao^. Plaintiff and defendaut, ^ 
檢驗 ^ Chien^ yien'^ yi'ten~. Coroner. 
#i5i'Ji'f? TienJ yU^ hvan、 Jailer. 
掌刑者 Change hsing- cJioa^. Sheriff. 
舍 Ij 子拳 Kn'e" tsi'^ slwu\ Kxecutioner. 
荆承 3$ 訟 Hsiug- sh'i* su"^ 讓 Criminal 

suit. 

民? P 诉訟 Min^ shl^ sw^ sung^. Civil suit. 

獲解 //Zt^0d4 cA«4 

捕 拿 Pw3 na^. 

iK-^D Ch\van- chV. To summon. 

^攝累 人 "ie、 p'iao^. \ . 。,,〜^^"。 ^ 

iwr hi.'- ,0 ^4 f A. summons, 
f»J^ C/i wan- p I 

出延狀 Ch'n^ t,ing2 chzvang-^. Writ of Habeas 

Corpus. 

他渝 15 人佘 IS? CKivan^ yi'v^ chcng^ jen^ tao'^ 

an^. To subpoena a witness. 
提 E /tsihi\ To call or profhice,— as n 

witness. 
15^ Chcng^ shH\ 
mm T'ic^ Cheng K 
fi]}}^ P'an^ chue^, 
晰;^ 1,: 7'7《'fi"4 chie^. 
•ijvf P'an^ ting-^. 
$im Ts'aP p'an、 
mi\Vi sung^ fril 

Si 然 Clticn^ chin^. ' 
押 i'iJ Ya' yiiK 
ftftJH 厂'' 3 I""、ff2, Corpoial pnnishnicnt. 
死 li'l SP hsing^. Capital punishment, death 
penally. 

较刑 Cltiao^ hsing^. [、" to death by hwigfingf 
r «« hsiftg^ Banbhiueut. 



Testimony, evidence. 
Incontrovertible evidence 

} To decide a case. 



To sentence. 

Costs. 

Reformatory, 



To imprison. 



新名詞 



司法& SV /。3 hzcei^. Legal association. 
上诉 .Sliang-^ su^. T To appeal to higher 
上控 Sliang^ k^ung^. \ court. 
J??: 判 Yiicn- 户, Original judgment' 
iSc'^ A_'"''i 户, Amended judgment. 



Lesson io. 



K (案 Yilen'^ anK Original case. 

法 J'J? I'a^ Legality. 

司 法制度 /a3 c/ii-4 川 4. Legal systenu 

^LM Si^ lisiiiQ-. Lynch law. 

禾丄 加刑 5*1* chia^ hsing^. The same. 



TLT.USTRATIONS. 



於政?^,法律,责業(13\敎 
育 (22), 各力' 面, (36), —點 Hi 

沾 礙不着 

停止 執行死 Aij 及體, 刊 -.. 
男 女平植 (H), 這 il 問題 

(16), 是法理 上一! 

不 S; 政 fili:— 個 問题. -.. 

^院 f/ 《法 律, 審判 民事訴 
fS, 及;' N 事訴訟 

* 近時 中國, 前在西 方留學 

(22) 之法政 學生, 畢業 < 2fO 
歸國, ^知其 'ji': 此 法律久 
謬', 相與竭 力組織 fS'A — 
司 法制度 t& 使各級 法庭. 
淸廉 j 公正, 洗除前 淸法庭 
之汚點 (36) 



Note 1. 
Note 2. 
with. 



Ilsiang' 



error. 
i,, in company 



現聞 此案, 業經審 判廳斷 

結, 某行凶 殺人, 情 罪當, 
g3 照巾律 一命值 一命, 判 

定死刑 



Note 1. Yie^ chidg', already. 
Note 2. filou", the individual in 

question. 

共和 國家. 輿論 (14) 即 爲法 
律 之母. 國是一 定, 萬難 

"'再 事' 動搖. 無論 何人, 均有 

"服 從國法 之義務 OA 凱雄 

不敏. 願與諸 公努力 之, 

-敬布 腹心, 即希! 察, 全權 



It is not in the least detrimental to politics, law, indus-"^ 
tries or education. 



To abolish capital and corporal punishment. # 
Tliis question of Women's Rights is a question of * 
jurisprudence, not of politic*. 

The Judiciary will try all civil and criminal suits accor;'.- 
ing to law. 

Tlie yonncr men of China who have graduated in the law- 
schools of the West, and returned home, fully understand 
the errors of the former laws. They are now unitedly 
usinf^ every effort to frame a legal system which shall 
ensure incorruptibility and justice in every grade of law-* 
court, and remove the stigma which rested on the law-* 
courts of the former dynasty. 

Note 3. Ch'ing^ lien^, pure and (in legal matters) honest. 

We now hear that this case lias already been settled by 
the Court ; that the man committed murder is satisfactorily 
proved and he should be punished. Hence according to 
tfae Chinese law of a life for a life, he was condeinued to 
death. 

hence, therefore. 



Note 



Since public sei:tiiiient is the origin of law in a republic,^ 
when ouce the government is settled, it is not easily 
shaken. To every man belongs the duty of cheerfully* 
obeying the laws of the nation. Though I (K'ai) am 
not gifted, still I wish to press forward with yon, and* 
respectfully lay open to you my inmost heart, trusting 
that you will give the subject an intelligent examination. 
Plenipotentiary Yiien, 



Lesson ii: 



NEW TERMS 



%1 



袁 111: S)l 致北 方各督 撫各州 

縣電, 隐歷 (H) 辛亥 年十二 
月二 十六日 



Note 1. Shi"* here used as verb, to 
bring about. 

開 時, 原吿仲 訴後, 得當 
庭 質問原 吿及其 證人, 如 
被告 對於原 吿及其 證人, 
'责詰 3 其證 據不充 分時, 應 

査明 再行^ 問原^ 及其證 
人, 被 告或其 律師仲 紐後, 
可將 被吿或 其律師 仲辯之 

堙由 (26) 向法 iii 解釋辯 
1^ 

Note I. Ch &、 here meaDiug to cross- 
examine. 

> 地方案 〇 日前 It 隸街某 

號,販售^/:土,經査烟官査 
511, 送呈 有司' 罰辦 一節, 已 
誌 前報, 兹聞 該號主 某甲, 
掇 避煎就 II 堅 不承認 〈11) 
後經 有司撒 I 戊 淸^, 將一 
切人 12, 傳^ 到笼. 堂對 
5^, T 始俯 g 無辭, 政廳恶 

其胆大 妄^, 從 洋三 
千元, 以儆 將來云 

Note I. :ff pI Yiu^ si\ an official, the 
yiu^ referring to tlie man's having or 
tuldii'v; the otfice. 



A telegram from Yiien Shi K,ai to all the governors and* 
district magistrates of the north. Lunar calendar Hsin- 
hai year, 12th month, 26th day. 

Note 2. For explanation of this system of reckoning" years, see 
Mandarin Lessons, P. 333 note 31, Williams Dictionary P. 355 old, 
P. 82 new. 

When the court is opened, after the plaintiff's case has 
heeti presented, the plaintiff and his witnesses must be 

examined in open court. If the defendant finds fault with 
the deposition of the plaintiff and his witnesses as being 
inadequate, the case should be investigated farther, and 
the plaintiff and his witnesses cross-questioned. When 
the defendant or his lawyer have finished the prosecution^* 
the accusation,. and the justice of the case as presented by 
the prosecuting lawyer, may be explained aud rebutted. 

Note 2. See lesson 33, but here not necessary to translate. 

Note 3. Ts^' chie\ to blame. 

A few days ago there was a case of opium selling at 
certain niunber on Chi-li Street. This has already beeu 
investigated by the Opium Commissiouer, and an accusa- 
tion presented to the official for trial, as has already been 
noted in a former issue of the paper. But now we hear 
that tlie proprietor So-and-so wishing to avoid the heavier 
punishment and get a lighter, persisted in pleading not 
guilty. Afterwards when the official investigated the case 
thoroughly, summoning all the witnesses, and questioning 
them before the court, So-and-so could only hang his 
head and remain speechless. The court was disgusted at 
his boldness in wrong-doing, and gave him the full 
pciinlty, ― a fine of $3000, as a warning for the future. 



LESSON XI. 、 

International Relations. 



J^H^ KwoS^ chi^. International matters. 
V 外 4 Wai^ chiaoK Foreign intercourse. 
穷 5$ Pctng^ chkio、 Friendly relations with 

another cuiiiitry. 
典 l»S 公法 ll'an^ kzvoa- Icung^ Interna- 
tional law. 

+ "i" ch'ianq^. The Great Power*, 



退 化人臂 T'wei^ hwa^ jen^ ch^iin^. A deca. 

dent people. 

HsSlPFiyi .、'("" tinfj^ yic^ ; nj;/-. A tliird-rate 

bjiharisiii. 

'々卜 IVai-^ chiao^ t\van^. Diplomatic body. 

ffflhll 公 fit Li"g'、 人' shi^, Duyeu of 
Diplomatic Body. 



22 



新 名 



大使 Ta 為 sh'i^. Ambassador. 

公便 Kung^ shi\ Minister. 

總 flfi 事 T sitng^ I UK/'' slu\ Consul Geueral. 

傾 4i LrngS shl\ Consul. 

Tian^ / '. Counselor of Embassy or Le- 
gation, llie rank just above that of first 
Secretary. 

-' 參 7Va"i tsan^. Secretary of Legation. 

額事宫 Ung3 shi'^ kzvanK Consul fold iidiue). 
全權 Ch'uen^ cWikn^, Pleuipoteiitiaiy. 
*^ff Chwan^ sh'i^. Envoy Extraordinary. 
《$ 譯官 Pani kwan\ Interpreter. 
Mm Swei^ yiien'. Attaches, followers. 

Kung^ shi^kivan^. 1 ^ 丄. 
i^m Shi^ kzvan^. I I^egatiotu 

fgl^ 署 Ling^ sKi^ shu\ Consulate. 

Chao^ hwei^. A despatch between Chin- 
ese and Foreig-ii Offices; to coiniuunicate.. 
58 見 chien^. To pay a formal visit. 
fR 界 Ts"i chif、 Foreign coucessiou. 
i^gg Fan^ wei^. Sphere of action. 
法治 Fa^ ch'i-^. Jurisdiction. 
' 势;^ E 了力" "4 ch'iUni. Sphere of influence. 
- 利遂 厶 i^. Privilege, advantages. 

Chiin^ jAR Equal position. 
利 均沾 i4 chiin^ chan^. Equal privilegcJ 
as accorded by favored nation clause. 

判 强均勢 Lie-^ ch'iang^ chUn^ shv^. Balance 
of power. 

頓土 Ling^ t'u^. Territory of state. 
fMM Ling^ hai^. Inland seas aud littoral, 
jf^lt Hai^ ch'iien^. Power over same. 
通商 T'ungi shang^. luteruatioual commerce 
or trade. 

小外 Hrff Chnng^ wai'^ A"4 jAH. The same. 
f 排外 F'ai^ Aiiti-foreiga. 

抵一 Ti3 cAi4. Boycott. 

^制 外貨 Ti3 ch'i^ 鶴" hwoi*. Boycott on 
foreign goods. 
*'WIPQ'-i- Pi-^ kwan^ tsi^shou^. Closed to trade. 

海 大開 Hai^ chin^ /"4 k,aii. ] ^ 

放門 P K'ai^ fang^ mcn^- hu\ liifr" ^ 

門戶 fl"J 開 Men^ hi" ttmg^ k'aiK J 

通商 ti T'ung^ shany^ k^ou^ an^. Treaty ports. 



Shang^ Towns open to trade, 
、― whether ]>oits or inland. . 
'夕 Mlt IV ai^ chai^. Kuieigu loans. 
借外 C/nV4 zvai-^ chaK To negociale a 
foreign loan. 

資本 Mfl TsV 户 t、wa,i2. Syiuliciite. * 
v^feSflJIrW t»M* kzvod^ yin^ hang^ fiiHxnK 

Six Power Bank Sviiclicate. 
'承 as Cli cng^ jen^. To recognize or acknow. 
ledge, as a new goveriuueut ; to agree 
to or -accept, as a proposition. 
入籍 Ju^ chi\ Natmalkatiou. 
婦化 Kwei^ hwa^. To become a Chinese 

citizen, (said of tribesman SiC.) 
治 外法嬢 Clii^ wai^ /a3 cJiiien^ 1 Extraterrl. 
不 歸國轄 Pu** kzvei^ kwod^ hsia^. J toiiality. 



、倚民 Cliiao^ ""',*2. 



Emigrants. 
Chinese emigrants. 
Chinese euiigTauts be- 



Chinese coolies iu othei 



'華倚 Hwa^ ch'iao^, 
Hai^ ch'iao^. 
youd the seas 
華工 Hwa^ kung^, 
countries. 

局外 Chi" zvai-^. Not actively concerned; 

non-itjterested party. 
局 外屮立 Chii2 cluing^ /R Neutral; 

uou-Interventioa. 

^1 Kan^ silk } Intervention, to intervene, 

T'iao- yiie'^. A treaty. 

約 Hsie^ y"e4. Au alliance or interuation- 

al agreement ou any subject. 

- 聯 22 Lien- meng-. Alliance offensive aud 

def.eusive. 

立約 Li4 yiic^. 1 T。 make a treats 
餘 IS TH chic\ ( 丄 o 'uake a treaty. 

fni'j He' y//^ A treaty of peace, 
f^gij: P'ci^ 人' V。(m 3 Indemnity. 

t 离國' Jll 兵& I Fan-* kwoa^ mfi pimf hwei 乞 
Universal Peace Society, (lit. all coun- 
tries withdraw soldiers society). 
海牙 和平& Haia ya^ hP p'ing: hwei-^. The 
Hague Tribunal or Conference. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

與夕卜 洋通商 Commerce with foreign nations. 

華德 要求 (39) 代議權 • • • • Chinese emigrants beyond the seas demand tlie right oi 

represeutatiou in the Assembly. 

各國翠 守中立 丄", All uations preserved strict neutrality. 



LSSSON II. 



NEW TERMS 



23 




外交 il. 說 我們內 

^ 派宍來 中國, 各自 



大總統 任命國 務員, 和外 
交大使 公使, 須得 參識院 

的 同意, (45) 

昨接 束京函 (25) 日 俄兩國 
政府, 認爲目 下情肜 ,應締 
結新約 ,協議 已久, 今已成 
1 (39), 於十 五日, 開臨時 
"^樞 密 會議, 十六日 已經天 
皇 载可, 此 次新協 約中之 

《 內容, 較 次 兩約, 更進 
—歩, 以滿 洲爲日 木勢力 

範圍, 以外蒙 古爲俄 til 势 

力範圍 ,兩 國互相 認定. -. 

Note 1. Shu' mi-* hwe", Privy 
Council. 

陸總 長先往 英使館 謁見英 
使朱 通典, IB 敝國與 國 
邦交 素厚, 現敝國 之改革 

(38) 政體, 組織 (39) 共和 
貴國亦 極贊成 (16) 何以上 

月: 11 國紛紛 增兵片 馬', 幾 
達五千 之數, 若謂 保謂貴 
國添 K, 則片 馬並無 亂象, 
若 ilHi^ 驻片 馬, 训 與條約 

tfiE -、 

Note 1. P'ien^ ina^, a town on the 
borders of Burum. 



自十 八世紀 (32) 之後, 某君 
首 平等 主義. 於是 

列 向 風', f^mWM 
權 (11) 外 罔 不以此 i 篛, 
訂人於 R1 際公 私法, 海牙 

平 和^, })i^-m'^m 

Note 1. Wind is constantly itsc^l to 
typify iiilluciicc upon public opinion, 
as in ihc Luii Yii, •' The virtue of tlic 
prince is win<J, the vii tue of the 
Ueopit: is ^1 ass blown l*y tlic wiiul." 



》 



You see the foreign diplomats say that we are having riots 
everywhere, and they must order soldiers to come to China, 
each countty protecting itself. 

The President is to appoint Cabinet officers, ambassadors and 力 
consuls, which appoiuttueuts are to be confirmed by the 
Assembly. 

A letter received yesterday from Tokio says that Japan aad 
Russia ou account of present conditions, ought to make a 
new treaty. They have unitedly worked ou this a long time, 
and now it is formed. On the 15th a special meeting of the 
Privy Council was held, and on the l6th the Einperoi ^ 
considered aud confirmed it. The substance of this uew 
alliance goes a step ahead of that of the two which have 
preceded it, iu that it recognizes Manchuria as within the 
sphere of influence of Japau, aud Outer Mongolia as within 
that of Ruasia, both uatious mutually acknowledging this. 

Miuister Lu ^eut to the English Legation, and in an inter-* 
view with Miuister Jordan said, "The international relations 
between my country and yours have hitherto been frieudly. 《、 
Now the form of goveriimeut in my country has been changed, 
aud a Republicau goverument formed, which is fully 
approved by your country. Now how does it come that last 
month your country greatly increased the numbers of soldiers 
iu P'ienma, until their numbers were almost 5000. if you say 
this was to defend your couuUyiueu iu this place, then (I 
would reply that) there is not the least sign of any disturbance 
at P'ienuia. If you wish to make P'ieiuna a petiuaueiit 
garrison, then I would reply that it is contrary to the treaty.^ 

At the end of the i8th century a certain man first advocated * 
the equality of all maukiud, and as a result all uatious were 
moved by this principle as by wind. I"_^;^JjJmgj^gJ|g^g^ig) w 
the right to take part iu politics, there weie uone who did uot 
enibo<ly'^ie principle iu the " laws regarding iutciualioual 
relations public and private. The Hag iic Cuufcicuce diso 
atlui^lo*.! it as a settled case, " ' 



f 



34 



新名詞 



Lesson 12. 



\ 國 務院^ 謹時, 某 總長謂 
各 P1 於民 國尙未 承認. 是 

否定 有耍求 (39) 之策, 陸謂 
現在希 _S (19) 各國 承認新 
政府, 必先 組 織 (39) 完全 
內!^ 1,1: 行 統二, (30) 則各 
國 必聯介 承認, 若 必出以 
要求, ;^": 彼 亦提出 様種條 
件 (40), 於我 反不利 云…、 

按滿洲 外蒙, 旣入 日俄之 
勢 力圏, 英 國宣言 在西葳 
幸丸 自虫行 動, 是今 後之滿 
蒙藏、 已 我國主 權行使 
之餘地 ,腹 地萬難 獨存, 願 
國人 黨 -,, 全國一 心, 

':以 解决對 外問題 

Note 1. Min3, to put an end to. 



、 



'、二 



At a cabinet meeting a certain cabinet minister said, " Other 
countries have not yet recognized the Republic. Must we* 
or^iiuist we or must we not plan to request them to do so?" 
I^Iinister Lu replied, "There are now hopes that all nations -》 
will recognize the uew government when a perfect miuistry 
can be formed and unity secured. In that case, all nations 
would uiiileclly acknowledge the government. If we must* 
request tliem to do so, it is to be feared they would bring up 
all sorts of conditions, which would be much to our dis- 
advantag (?. 

Since Manchuria aud Outer Mongolia have already come 
witliin the sphere of influence of Japan and Russia, and 
England announces her intention to maintain 】 iberty of 
action in Thibet, there will not j^e left any outlying territory 
uucter the control of China, and it will be impossible to 
maintain the integrity of the interior provinces. Oh that the ^ 
itieh of the nation would put an end to party strife, and with 
one heart settle all questions relating to foreign nations I 



LESSON XII. 

Medicine, the Practice or Profession. 

a few terms in popular use. 

{See Preface. ) . 
Vocabulary. 



接 道 /' /ao4 The practite of medicine, the 

Medical profession. 
1^ 舉 /' hsile^. The science of medicine or 

healintr. 

衛生 Wei-^ sheng^. Hygiene. 
★ 礙衛生 shingi • Unsanitary. 
衛生局 ^Vei-^ shcncf chii-. Board of Health, 
fj? 生 P 碧 sheng'^ twev^. Sanitary inspec- 
tors. 

防疫隊 Fcmg2 /4 tzvei"^. The same in time of 

pestilence, 
ffj [生術 IVei^ sheng^ shu4. Sanitation. 

微蟲' IFci^ ch、iing2, I Microbes^ bacteria. 

物 IVeii shmg^ j 

Note. The first is the character manufactured for 
llie piirp S2 by the committee of physicians ; the 
►tilers are popular terms 

J& 染 3iV Ch^i'an- jan^ i>jng、 Infectious dis- 
ease ' 



解毒藥 Chie3 /«2 y^^i Qy 3'i7^4. 1 Disinfect- 
^ '毒^ Hsiao} til- yao-^ or yiie"^. ) ant. 
WUM Pang- fii^ clii^. Antiseptic. 
4 挺 Niu' /o〃4. Vaccine virus (bovine). 

SI 疫 £a。3 血 3,'4.}Tlie Plague. 

黑死! W Hcii si3 ping\ The Black Deatli. 

疆 ■''L:'''' '—卞 e Bubonic Pl,e 

疫 Fei^ i4. The Pneinnonic Plague. 
籍災 Shr tsaiK Epidemic. 
ifM^'fiH Ch 'mg^ shcn- ping I A mental 

of nervous disorder. 
外,^ 生 k、P V shcncf. Smgeou, 
⑩挺婦 /""/m4. Hospital itiatioii, sick 

nurse. 

剖驗 P o"i yien^. Inquest, autopsy, 
fjlj 解 P^oxi^ chic^. To dissect. 
補品 Pn^ p,in3. Tonic. 

^生寒 ^表 I、 sh:'ngihm2sh":^piao"> Cliuic.il 
thermometer. 



or 



L'esSON 12. 



NEW TlvRMS. 



25 



辦髪 實屬有 礙衛生 …… 

陸 軍第一 病院, 原 偏有看 
護婦 十三名 

窗祌丸 〇 此丸 最能養 心血, 

A 益 腦志, 壯精: 祌, 培 元氣, 
健 脾胃, 美 顔色, 强= ^體, 

定驚 f& 暢' 四肢, y^mw 
藥丸 中之最 純和, 最甘旨 
者, 早晚 常服, 厥 3 功甚 ft, 
§ 事勤勞 者, 日服一 二― 丸, 

精神 加倍, 永 不傷身 .... 

Note 1. Ch'ang^ joyous, exhilarat- 
ing, here used as verb. 

Note 2 Tsr pu3, to strengthen, as a 
tonic, 

服 藥宜惯 〇 醫家用 藥, 如 
同 用兵, 用 兵沒有 紀律, 一 
定荼毒 生民, 用藥 沒有節 
制, 一 定傷人 性命, 病家不 
敢 亂吃中 圃藥, 可 眞敢亂 
吃外 國藥, 對於中 國藥的 
寒熟 溫凉, 分 w<j 多少. 必加 
十分 慎重, 對於外 國藥的 
丸散 藥水, 不問^ 熟 溫谅, 
分 吶― 多少, 可是拿 過來就 
* 吃, 府考試 生,- :^: 中^, 
不者西 官府化 驗藥, v,, 
驗 中藥. 不驗 西藥. 嗎啡, 

硫 冰-, 隨便 據合配 

藥. 官/! 7 不 敢過問 (39), 吃 

藥 的人吃 的【:1- 了, 不, 
是頭 疼服; 仏 就是口 乾咳' 
血. 咳嗽. n;;,;', 牙黑筋 骨疼, 
腰腿 《秋, 還是羅 fell 若狂 
的 吃 

Note 1. Ilwa^ yien*, to analyze. 
Note 3. Crystallized peppermint, i.c* 
menthol 

* 吸紙烟 之', h'〇 近 {f- 據生项 
^2j. 家者 究, 紙烟内 的烟 



ILI^USTRATIONS. 
The queue is certainly unsanitary. 

The first military hospital originally engaged the services of 
thirteen women nurses. 

(Advertisement). Nervine Pills. These pills are vciy 
efficacious for toning up the heart and blood, improving the 
will-power, strengthening the nerves, refreshing the spirits, 
invigorating the stomach, beautifying the complexion, im- 
proving the physical condition, allaying fears, and exhilarat- 
ing the in embers. Among all tonic pills, these are the 
mildest and the most delicious. If habitually used night 
and morning, their efficacy is very great. If those who are 
engaged in .strenuous toil take one or two pills a day, their 
vigor will be constantly renewed, and the body remain 
uninjured. 

Note 3. Chiie", Wcn-Ii personal pronoun, third person. 

Care rEQUIRKd in taking medicink. The use of medicine 
by doctors is like the use of soldiers ; if no system is used in 
directing soldiers, men will certainly be wantonly killed ; if no* 
moderation is exercised in using medicine, men's lives will"* 
certainly be sacrificed. Patients do not dare to take Chinese 
medicine recklessly, but they dare to take foreign medicine 
recklessly. Tlsey take great pains with regard to the tern-* 
pe rat lire atid amount of Chinese medicine, but without asking 
with regard to the temperature and amount of foreign 
medicine, they just take it and eat it. Magistrates in ex- 
amining doctors examine Chinese, but not foreign doctors. 
In analyzing drugs, they analyze Chinese, but net foreign 
drugs : ― morphia, sulphur, luentliol, compound them as you 
will, magistrates do not dare to make any examinations. 4 
n tlie man wlio takes the medicine for a long time does 
not develop headache or granulated eyelids (rough eyes), 
then it is a dry uioiitli, spittinjj; of blood, cough, asthma, 
bliick teeth, rhciiinatism, weak logs and back. Still llic 
whole nation eats it like mad all tlie 5iinc. 
Note 3. K ti-ork'ii*. to cough, to spit. 

The liviLS OF cigarette smoking. According to the ex. 
aiiiiuntions made by physiologists Ibis year, cijrarelte tobacco 



26 



新" 名 詞 LESSON 13. 



草, 所含最 要緊的 性質, 有 contains four chief ingredients, ― carbonic acid, ammonia, 
四 樣兒, 是炭酸 ,安母 尼亞, carbon and nicotine. These are alt found in tobacco. In 

炭素, 尼 可點. 這幾 樣合在 

addition there is a kind of fragrant substance which is added 
響霊^ 入 _ ^^之 日久 能 to make it more agreeable, but wliich if used continually 
使 人有鮮 所孝究 的]^ 翁 creates a craving. The carbonic acid makes a man dull and 
能使 人昏昏 欲睡' * 吸時 drowsy, and used constantly causes headnclie. Aimnoni a • 
或 頭^, 安法 /^^, Rb"^®: injures the tongue of the smoker, and excites the salivary 
烟的 舌頭. 井能衝 動唾線 gl«n<J 蘑 (ducts?), causing the mouth to become parched. '-^ 
使口內 乾燥, 尼可 點更是 Nicotine is a still more poisonous thing, being directly 

極毒 之物, 能 直射於 血中, 

absorbed into the blood. If pure nicotine were taken, it 

若净尼~^1點, 吸之 必可致 1, A n / V- . H 

j ^人〜 吸紙 烟之 wouH cause death. On first smoking cigarettes, the body 

時 尙 ^ 大碍 ^ 义尼 *u 孖 ers i:o great injury ; but in time the nicotine permeates 

"St 點 之毒. 已 滿了 全體, the whole body, and causes continual headaches and dizziness 

故常 有頭疼 Bit!:, 或發嚼 or nausea. A continued use causes still greater injury, the 

吐, 吸 之時、 日 久其害 更烈, 

poison lurking in lungs kidneys and liver. 

其毒早 伏在肺 臓 臂臓' 及 

胃之中 a 吸 烟人如 * 虽 If the smoker is strong;, the injury is less; if weak, it is 

^ 受 由或小 舍身 §i 虚 greater. Men engaged in active pursuits suffer less; those 

弱 受害 更深, 勞動之 受 of sedentary habits more, because the smoke is not dissipated, 

害少, 久坐之 一多, 因 hence they have headaches, insomnia, numbness &c. If 

^ H^M-^-^^i^M cigarettes are continually used, the evil becomes hereditary, the 

此;^ 頭疼, 或 不陲, 且有痲 . / 

摔' 4^.* 吸 紙煙年 代愈久 weak nervous system being tiansmitted to future generations. 
* 逢 害能及 i 仝手 孫, The greatest harm of nicotine is that it impairs brain-power 
-.. 弱, 尼可 點最能 宵人, 能壊 and thought. All we do is dependent on brain-power. If 

Afi^llSi^J , 人的 無論 the nerves suffer, it is like a machine that will not work, and 
装 體塞篇 ^ 仗雾 l^^^l 菜 one cannot think, and forgets very easily. Though one were 
靈動, 便 不能思 想了, 而且 clever as Kung Shu-tsi, yet one could not succeed. If this 

菩忘, 雖有公 輸子' 之巧, 也 heaven-made spiritual machine loses its sensitiveness tlirongli 
難 成功, 天生的 靈機. 因吸 q,,。ki„„ tell me is this not a pity 1 Since men are born 

不可' 惜 人^%方^^、(;,) members of society, there is no one who riocs not wish to 
; 21 J- , 有术想 逢功" 業 make a name and a fortune, and to spare his own body. But 
的, -ft 愛 t§ 自 "淳. if he wishes to spare liis own body, he must regard the fact 

擅 宦已^ 身藤二 that Hygiene is directly opposed to smoking. Wc who live 
衛生, 必與所 吸紙; ^反 

*(33) 現在] ^-jifcli^ 劣敗競 in these days of the survival of the fittest and the struggle 
爭 (23)^1^ 候, 雖煞^ ^尚 for life, 'though one had cast-iron braius and a cast-brass 



Lesson ij. 



NEW TERMS 



27 



腦子 銅禱的 身子, 尙 个白不 body, still it is to be feared he might not be able to stand 
罷自待 (33 况五癞 凌傷, his ground ; how much less this kind of people, whose 
腦 筋有病 的一般 國民, 豈 viscera are injured and whose nerves are disordered. How 

能站立 在地球 之上, 與人 cau they make a stand on this earth, and take part with others^* 

競爭呢 in this struggle for life? 

Note 1. Ma^ pi^, numbness. 

Note 2. Kung' Shu'-tsi'. A workman whose cleverness lives through a line of Mencius, 公 fft 子 之巧, 不 
規 矩不能 fi^ 方圓, "If Kung Shu-lsi did not use the square and the compass, he could not make right 
angles and circles." 



LESSON 環, 
Trade or Commerce* 
Vocabulary. 



商移 Shang^ u*u^. Trade or commerce. 
* 商辦 Shang^ pan^. Trade, (by merchants )|. 

Shang^ /m'"**. ^ Board 

商 務總會 Shang^ ww^ tsung^ hwei"^. J of 

Trade, Chamber of Commerce (the 

association). 
商 f 各公所 Shang^ ivu"^ kiing^ sod^. Chamber of 

Commerce (the building). 
業公會 kung^ hzvei'^. Trade union ; 

guild, used after name of trade as 商業 

公會. 

*K 業 IM Sh'P yie^ t'wan\ The same, used 
alone. 

公两 Kung^ sV, A company for transacting 

business of any kind. 
有 限公司 yiu^ hsien^ kung^ ji'. A limited 

company, 

合 股經商 HP ku^ chingi shangi. Stock 
company. 

實本 PSl TsV pen^ t^wan^. Syndicate. 
愤 Mfl C/ioH Vican^. Syndicate for loan. 
商界 Shang^ cbie-^. The commercial world, 
勞慟' 3^ Lao^ tung^ chia^. Laborer ; labor, ia 

phrase '* capital and labor.'* 
{( 本家 TV" pen^ chiaK Capitalist, financier; 

capital. 

股泉 Ku^ tmgi. Capitalist, share-holder. 
股友 Kh^ yiu^. Shaie-holder, atock-ho Idcr. 
生利/ f Shcitg^ "4 cJiodK Producers^ 
分一 A Pin^ /" chod^. Consumers. 
15 理/ \ Chirtg^ /t'J jrn^. Manager, 
fZit Mei^ chie^. Agent. 
fttlS /an-*. Pedlars. 
5V、flW Kutigi shV fang- 
所 wm4 sod^. 



Office. 



®S 局 C/iH fsao^ chii^. 1 Manufactory, 

工 © 银 Kung^ i-^ ch'ang^. J factory, workshop. 

銀行 !丽 j2. Bank. 

錢!^ Ch'ien^ chwangK Bank, exchange, 

nioney-chaugei's shop. 
金 融機閼 Chin^ jung^ chi^ InvanK Circulation 

ol money. 

基本金 Chii pen^ chin^. Subscribed capital 
for business, endowment of college, &c. 
客股 K,S4 *w3. Subscribed capital for stock 

concern, 
股分 Ku3 fen^. Stock. 
股利 Kti3 "4. Dividend. 
歲人 Stuei-^ Yearly income, revenue. 
MiH Swei"^ ch'uK Yearly expenditure. 
叙凝 Kri^ k'wan^ Unexpended balance, 
底欽 Ti^ k,wa"3. Reserve fund. 
收條 Shoti^ fiao^. Receipt. 
惜偵之 抵押品 ChU"^ chai^ ch'i^ /j3 yai p;in\ 
Security for loan. 
ChP k'oxi^. Discount. 
JCouA se^. Rebate or discount on ao* 
count of "touch" of silver. 

Mao^se^, } Depreciation of silver. 
T" ya'. I 

Ti^ tien^. >To mortgage. 
TP c/iH. J 

iSjlFliltJ^ Ching^ c/ii** k'nn^ Financial 
stringency. 

H 'SS (?^ A/flP k'utig^ niai-* k'ung\ To 

speculate ; speculation. 
; fit 貼 Chingi t'ieK To subsidize, to supply • 

deficit. 

抽分 Ch'^^ fim*、 To take a percentage. 



折扣 
扣色 

低色 

毛 

抵押 
抵典 
抵^ 



2Q 



新名詞 



Lesson 13. 



生利 Sheng^ "4. Profit, to make money. 
分利 Fcn^ To consume, coiisuinption. 
Anil k,(Jit3 !m'oS4. Imports. 
出口 K Chu^ k'ou^ hwoa^ Kxports. 
(6 A. ' * ' " 
輪出 
工業 

mm 
原料 
品 

!^' 路 



Shu^ /w4. To import. 
Shu^ cWu\ To export 
Kung'^ yie^. Industries, manufactures. 
Sh'i^ yie^. Industries, business. 
Yiicn- liaoA. Raw materials. 
Chi^ p^tn^. Manufactured goods. 
Hsiao、 /m4. Market for goods, consump- 
tion, demand. 
脾利 C7, 謂 "I /j4. ) p。tp„t 

W 齊權 Chrvan' tnai^ ckuen^ \ latent. 

Chzvan^ mai4. 
4 賣事 Chwan^ mai^ shi^ yie^. 



Monopoly, 



商戦 Shang、 chan^. Competition in trade. 
罷 工 Pa^ kung^. A strike, to strike. 

@1 f Ch? hatig^ f^a、 kmigK Kutire 

establishment off on a strike. 
阔貨 Kzvod^ fnvod^. Native goods. 
雜衣! ^圃貸 n~i2 chV kwoa^ hzvod^. To cn- 
coinnge home production or manufacture, 

商標 Shang^ piao^. Trade raark. 

招脾 Chao^ p,ai2. Sign board. 

牌 P'ai^. Brand of goods. 

Pn 花 JfiJ: hwa^ shttfei^. Stamp duty. 

Jinit'fJ U、、 fs、ai2 hsiic-. Economics, 

輕濟攻 策 CTu'rtgri cki4 cheng^ ts'e^. \ Political 

^國策 FuA kuw&2 /jV4. J Economy. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

生 利的多 就富, 分 利的多 When producers are many, prosperity follows; when con- 

就貧 suraers are many, poverty follows. 

夕卜 貨任夕 卜人輸 入來, 我 ff3 foreigners import their foreign goods ; we cannot prevent* 

,不能 抵制一 it. 

洋商 喜買空 賣空, 情?^ 與 Foreign merchants are given to speculation, which in its 

賭博一 樣 nature is just p^ambling. 

料肯, * 値又不 能增, 所 Raw material is dear, aud the price (of the finished article): 

以 ® 商務 尔發達 cannot rise, therefore this business cannot prosper, 

不 差甚麼 的人, 都 說經濟 Almost everybody says the times are very hard. 

困難. b 

旣然 剪髮的 入多, 今夏帽 Since such a large number of men liave cut their hair, the 

子的銷 路必廣 demand for hats this summer will be great. 

革命 旣興, 各省 獨立, 互斷 When the Revolution arose, each province became indepen- 

關係, i! 才政 M 而紛亂 IS 中 dent, cutting off mutual relations; hence finance was dis- 

"國 非中央 革命, 而 地方革 turbed, and because the Revolution in China was not of the 

命, 影響及 於全國 金融機 central government but local, it affected tbe circulation of 
^1; -,. ' \\''L 'LL'. L money throughout the nation. 

(熊總 長在參 議院演 說詞) 

最 妙方法 由國 家專賣 The best plan would be to make it (opium) a government 

一 monopoly. 

白 i 豊氏製 造媳服 有兩千 (Advertisement). Price makes over two thousand different 

多樣 貨色, 其內有 大有名 grades of candles, of which the most famous is the Ship 

船! 蠟燭 Brand. , 

按工業 一事, 不但 織妨, 就 Speaking of manufactures, not only in weaving and spinning, 

是他種 工業, 絕沒 有專恃 but in other manufactures, it is impossible to depend solely 
外國 原料, 以謀已 國工業 on foreign countries for raw materials, and yet plan to ad* 



LESSON 13. 



NEW TERMS 



29 



發 達的, 您看德 國工業 ,他 
的 原料, 都仗 著美國 輪入, 
若是美 國禁輸 出, 德國的 
工業, 可 就不得 支持啦 -. 

借欽 的這個 問題, ('16) 政 
總長熊 希齡, 與銀 行團迭 
k 次的 會議, 銀行! ^耍 求着, 
監督中 國的^ 政, 熊堅不 

認可, (37) 銀行 lil 就 甚不滿 
意呢 , . . 

商 局1§ 空' 之由, 全由濫 
用 私人, 虛麼欽 所致, 若 
非責成 '原 /1' 股束, 切實整 

堙、 另 iH 政府 铺 助之, 則中 

國一 1^^; 航權, 亦 M 有矣. 

Note 1. Tsc^ ch'eiig2, to reprove. 
梁卓 如先生 演說, (27), 畧 
謂戦爭 之事, 以商戰 爲最, 
兵戦以 礮火, 商戰以 貨物, 
現在各 國商戰 甚烈, 二十 
年前, 各國^ 戰 競爭, 只 
在國 内自 I 特發叨 (37) 汽 
機 之後, 商 業情? 變 . . 

四 洞 l;H 門戶, 蜍入 外資, 
"以 興辦 鐵路, 礦魔, 創設鋼 

鐵-等 M, 以稗益 '民問 蜜業, 
二與其 H 漸發逢 

-E 興辦津 貼工藝 事業, 從 
iia 業, 森林, M 造 J^l: 驗 人乎. 

\\jle 1. Fci* i\ to assist. 

lufllf 富也, 然不免 欺愚, 
强』:11?^1而爲|^^1;悠絶',@ 
木家與 ^觔 家, 血戦 <^慘 
劇 训; 何 j 

Nole 1. Hsucii' chuc', great diffcr- 

L'MCe. 

Note i!. Ts'aa* chi<, a sad play, i.e. 
a iragody. 

3. Tse** uai"* li?, '' .md what 
ihen/' seldom translatcablc. 



vance the manufactures of one's owu country. Look at the 
manufactures of Germany. They are all dependent ou raw 
material brought from America. But suppose America 
should prohibit the export, Germany could not maintain her 
inauufactures. 

The Secretary of the Treasury, Hsiung Hsi Ling, has had 
several confeiences with the Syndicate regarding the loan. 
The Syndicate demands the control of the salt gabelle, but 
Hsiuug would not bear to this, at which the Syndicate were 
uot at all pleased. 

The reason of the deficit in the China Merchants Co., is that 
they are too much given to usiug their personal friends, aud 
that they have squandered the funds of the couipaiiy. If 
the original stockholders are not reproved aud thoroughly 
reorganized, and if help is uot received from the goveruinent, 
then China will not have the least maritime power. 
Mr. Liang ChoS-ju in a lecture said, "Of all competitions, 
competition in trade is the most important. Martial com- 
petition is with cannon, but competition in trade is with 
commodities. At this time, competition iu trade is very 
lively in all cuuntries. Twenty years ago, this struggle iu 
each country was confined to its owu limiLs. Since Watt 
discovered the steam engine, the uature of coiupetitiou iu 
trade has beeu changed. 

(Policy agreed upon between Yueu Shi K,ai, Sea Yat Seu 
aud others)/'® 4. To open the door for the admission of 
foieiiju capital iu order to start railways aud luining, aud to 
establish steel and iruu faciuncs, by tins means a.j\ .inciiii^ 
industries among the people, with the hope lliat tlicy will 
daily increase. 

5. To subsidize industries, comuieinjiug wilh agriculture, 
forestry, mauufactures aud comuicice. 

"We cau be financially strong, and yet fail to avoid the 
inlclligent taking advantage t>f the iguoraat, the strong 
robbing the weak, class distinctions bctwecu rich and poor, 
the sorry spectacle of blooJ-stiugglci bctwecu capilal aud 
labor " 

Dr. J. L. Stuart's translalion of pjpa by IVai Vucn Fiu 



30 



新名詞 



Lesson 14. 



LESSON XIV. 



Reform. 



Freedom of 

1 Freedom of 
J the press. 
Right to hold 

Right to cou- 



Equal 



、女權 
、獨立 
II 立 
* 參政 

投惠 



键法 Pieft4 fa3. Reform, 

革命 KP ming^. Revolution. 

jlk 義 C/i'P t'4. To start a righteous revolution. 

新國民 Hsin^ kzvod^ min-. Citizens of the 

new Republic. 
民權 Min- ch'ucn^, RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE 

OR CITIZENS. 

言 論自由 /wn** W4 ym' 
speech. 

出 版自由 />an3 tsi^ yix4^. 
報 館自由 Faa^ kwan^ tsi"^ yiu' 
• 會自由 Chi' hwei'^ tsi^ yiu^, 

public meetings, 
its 社自由 Chie^ she^ tsi^ yiu^. 

vene societies. 
男 女平權 Nan2 „,'^3 p,ing2 ch'ilen^ 
rights of sexes. 

Nii3 ch'iien^. Women's rights. 
Xsl^ liA, I Independent. 
Ts'an^ cheng^. To participate in politics. 
Hsiien^ chii^. To elect by ballot 
T,o"2 p,iao 乞 Ballot ; to cast a vote. 

I'r: $:':a。i } 1 Ballot box. 

投 票之權 T'oh2 p'iao^ chi、 ch'uen\ Right to 
vote, elective frauchise. 

選象權 Hsiien^ chii^ ch'uen^. The same. 

自治 7Vi4 diR Self-government, either poli- 
tical or iudividual ; self-coutrol. 

地 方自治 fangi /^H chK Local self- 
government. 

公權 Kungi ch'uen^. Rights ok the public. 

輿: y«2 z""4. " 

大 衆公論 Ta^ chung"^ kung^ lun^. 
社^ 公論 She^ /um'4 kung^ lun^. 

St r/P>' Zf' } Public seiUiuieut. 
民氣 A/in- ch v^. J . . 

Kung^ chien^. Consensus of opinion. 
公心 Kmgi /"/"I. Public spirit. 
公益 Kiing^ R Public good. 
公徳 KuHQ^ tP. Regard for public eood, 

public spirited. 
抬安 Chi^ an^ Peace and good order. 
M 換革命 Chung^ tsu^ ke- ming\ Racial 

REVOLUTION. 

平等 P'ingi teng3. Equality. 

五 錢聯合 W^"3 tsu^ lien^ hp. Federation o{ 
- the five races. 



Public 
opinion. 



痛淡 沧 Man^ /mn* jung^ hsia^. ' Amalgania- 

. -- ' tioii of Maiichu and Chinese, 
' '家降 革命 Chia^ t,"、g2 kp ./ DOMESTIC - n 

RKVOLUTION. 

結婚 l^Ul Chie- hun^ tsi^ yiu^,. Right to maki 

onc,s own betrothal. 
改!^ 社會 Kai^ liang2 shc"^ hwei^. To reform 

society. 

思 想自由 5;' hsiangs tst"^ ; ytV. / Freedom of 

THOUGHT. 

宗敎自 tU Tsitngi chiao"^ tsl^ yiu\ . Freedom 

of religious belief. 
信仰 S 山 Hsin* yang^ /jH yiu\ The same. 
金 國志士 &訓 52c/"4j/jH../ Patriots. 
烈士 Ifie^ «y/iR、 Patriots who have laid down 

their lives for their country. 
祖國 Tm、 kzvod^. 、 The Fatherland. 
、!^ 胞 T,"Hg2 p'ao^. Fellow-countrymen, (lit. 

sons of one mother, but now "all within 

the four seas are brethren'*). 
牲 Hsi^ slieng^. Sacrificial victim, — a 

patriot ready to give his life for his 

country, ― a martyr, a vicarious sacrifice ; 

to luake a sacrifice, to sacrifice. 
條牲資 III Hsi^ sheng^ ts'i^ ts'ai^. To sacrifice 

money. 

樣 牲性命 Ihii shcng^ hsing^ ming^. To 

sacrifice life ; self sacrifice. 
敢死 ^1 Kan^ si^ t'wan^. The Dare-to-die 

Society. 

敢死隊 Kan^ •Jp twei-^. - The same, a military 

organization. 
决死隊 Chiie" s'i^ twei'^. The Determined-to- 

die Society, ready for desperate ventures, 

in which one usually loses erne's life, as 

b)' throwing bombs, 
多 3 血會 T,ie3 hsiie^ hweK • The Blood and 

Iron Society, like the above, confined 

however to assassination. 
巳死隊 73 tzvei^. The Already-dead- 

Society, the uieinbers of which take a 

slow poison. Ill the interval before 

death, they sell their lives as dearly as 

possible. 

5^ 新 Ke^ lisin\ ^ Innovation. j 
趨時 Ch'ii^ sh%\' To keep up with the times ^ 
剪^ Chien^ fa^.- To cut the hair, to cut ofi 
the queue. 

- SjWi /4 fti\ To change the national costuiue. 



NEW TERMS 



31 



洋 5^ Yang^ chzvangK Foreign dress. 




Hsin^ "4. New calendar. 
Yang'^ li^. The same, solar calendar. 



Hsi^ li^. The same, Western calendar. 
陰 M * /i-^. Old or lunar calendar. 
中 Chung^ li^. The same, Chinese calendar. 
^Jtq Ilsing、 ch'iK Week. 

Note. The Chinese divide the Zodiac into twenty 
eight constellations, which govern the days, as the 
sun and moon do the year and month. These twenty 
eight were again divided into four, each period of 
暴 even days, which were governed by the constella- 
tion commencing the period. When a weekly rest 
day was adopted in the Government schools, Chinese 



scholars were not satisfied with the SSfp 3 , Wor- 
ship, SS 拜一 Worship one, 耐 F 二 Worship two, 
&c. for Sunday, Monday, Tuesday &c., aud ^ 期 日 
was substituted for Sunday, 星期一 for Monday. 
S 期二 for Tuesday &c. 

來復 H Lai^ /"4 /i 化 Sunday, the Sabbath, 

(Other days on the same pattern). 
Note. This nomenclature is founded on a phrase 
in the Book of Changes, 七 日來 S£, a period of re- 
novation every seven days. This terminology is 
but little used, but 星期 is evidently a periuaneut 
asset of the lauguage. 

If 目一新 Hr3 hsinW' All new, (lit. ears 

aud eyes all new). 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

提倡 (37) 言論之 自由. • • • T。 advocate freedom of speech. 

華 儒熟) 、愛 龃國 Chinese emigrants abroad zealously love their fatherland. 

萬制國 無民權 Under an absolute monarchy the people have no rights. 

改舆制 爲共禾 II, 合 五族爲 To change despotism into Republicanism, and to unite the 

'一家 • five races into one family. 

世界在 太古乍 有人類 6 勺時 In the primeval ages, when man fiist appeared on the earth, 

候, 人人 各自獨 i …… • each man was severally independent. 

f 但知 尊古, 不 知趨時 … • They only know how to reverence the past, but do not know 

― liow to keep with the times. 

- 雖犧牲 性命, 亦不 足惜. . • Though I should lay down my life, I would not regiet it. 

有以下 所 歹 Ij 各種 K 格 6 勺,' 'Whoever has tlie following qualifications may receive the 

f 寻 有巡艰 M 云云 -.. ' elective franchise, &c., &c. 

^^共禾口 成立 (39), 人 人俱貪 Since the establishment of the Republic, everyone is hoping 

矢功, 打一 班" 志士, 以 to attain exalted merit. Hence there is a class of pseudo- 

" iji 1!^ \i\ '^- ^ ^ f', sjij heroes who think " Revolution " is a good m'<^tb,— "sous and 

本 ^ 父兄, 婦;^ 不 tl^ 父夫 younger brothers not reverencing fathers and elder brothers, 
美 t 名 日' 家 庭革命 ' wives ami daughters not obeying fathers and husbands. 

Their good motto is " Family Revolution." * 

民國成 立, 已宣怖 (3") 改^ When the Republic was established, change of costume was 

; 為 pj[ 示 "律, ^"^隆裕太 proclaiiued in order to show that all followed tlie same law.* 
后-, jii^Tili^JtjifQ 岸审不 The^ E^ipress Lung Yii, thinking that if the five races were 

iri^M- ^ M|J"1W =^ %' '^'j ®^ all Republican'; the royal family ought not to be the only * 

以-示 -^jll] .0. 宰食吏 乂亦 -"0^ exceptions, cohimaiulcd that the hair of the Emperor be cut,* 

; K>i y - jTi^f' aV ni Titl ni2 in order to show that he followed the custom. The royal 

、 ,^?L'^ ^ J^t^l-mm family and the officials were also to lay aside their plumes 

H' ,p -rr'^ 个议 "fJ and (official cap) buttons, niid to wear the ceremonial ihe&, 

lUj X of the Republic, iu oidci that tlicfe might iiul be two kiu'ls 

No【c 1. Pei*. to that, to cause, regulations in the oue uatioa. 



81 



新名詞 



LitssoN 14. 



a1> 



中 國近年 以來, 黨之建 

樹' 義旗, n 謀舉 事者, 已非 

—次 矣, 然卒 2 以事機 不密, 

爲官吏 偵知, 拘拿 正法, 大 
好賊 颇, 镜 牲無數 

Note 1. Cliicu** shu4' to set up, to 



raise. 



Note 2. TsM'i to die, in the end. 

前淸時 ft, 若要說 幾句公 

道話, 必是 革命黨 U5) 民國 
成立, 若要說 幾句公 道話, 

不是 漢奸, 就是宗 rsj: 黨 (15), 
共和 成立, 業已牛 I, 富國 
的事, 借債, 籌欽, 勒派' 捐, 
利民 的事, 結黨, 集會, 剪 
, 辩子、 餘 外如來 去自由 (官 
楊), 上 學自由 (學生 ), 結婚 
自由 (色鬼 ) ,吹牛 2 自由 (演 
説), 吸 烟自由 (烟鬼 ), 幸福 

(32) 的事 太多, 三天 也說不 
完, 或曰, 你 說這些 貧話, 你 
不怕 有人篤 你滿奴 漢奸宗 
社 黨嗎, (不怕 不怕, 我也有 
我的自 由,) 挨 罵是我 自找, 
誰敎 我不! 聲 附和, 這就 

'是挨 罵自由 

Note 1. Le'p'ai^, an enforced com- 
mand, compulsory. 

Note 2. Ch'ui' niu^, to exaggerate, 
braf(gaUocio, ('hot air," (lit. to talk 
as if one had the lung-power of an 
ox. Slang), 



Dining the past few years the Revolutionary party havt 
more than once raised the righteous standard, and plfmned 
to commence operations ; but finally because the plot was uot 
kept secret, it was ferreted out by the officials, who arrested 
and executed them, and good heads without number fell as a 
sacrifice. 

In the days of Mancliu dynasty, if one should say a few 
houest words, he was (called) a Revolutionary. Wlieu the 
Republic was established, if one said a few honest words, if 
he was not (called) a recreant son of Han, then he was a 
Royalist, The Republic has uow been established half a 
year, (and wc have) as coiicerus uatioual prosperity,— loans, 
levying of money, compulsory contributions; as concerns 
advantages, — the formation of parties, the conveuing of 
meetings, the cutting of the queue ; and some others iu 
addition, as liberty to couie and go (for officials), liberty to 
go to school, (for scholars), liberty to make oue's owu 
betrothal (for rakes), liberty to talk bunkoui (for lecturers) > 
liberty to smoke (for opium sots). Too much happiness I 
More than one could tell of iu three days 1 If one should 
say, " With all this pessimistic talk of yours, are you uot 
afraid that you will be reviled as a slave of the Maucbus, ― a 
recreant son of Han, a Royalist?" (Never mind ! I also 
have my liberty). I liave called down this reviling ou 
myself. Why did I uot chime iu with the rest? This i& 
liberty to get reviled. (Specimen of f reedom of the press). 



LESSON XV. 



i Political 

The Chinese have fully availed themselves 
of their new " liberty to convene societies." 
This power they exercised secretly even be- 
fore the Revolutiou ; iu fact one might say 
that tiie success of the Revolutiou was owing 
to the previous work of certaiu political 
societies The founding of the Republic 
lemoveU all restraint, ami political parties 
sprang up ou all skies* It b impossible to 



Parties. 

uame thein all ; iu fact many are beitig merged 
together iu the effort to reduce the mnnbei lo 
the two or three couuuoii in the cou utiles of 
the West. Some of those named below have 
existence only as schools of tlicii^lit, without 
orgauizatiou. 

For a detailed account of the platform and 
backing of the principal parties existing at 
that time, see the National Review, August 
17th, i9ia« 



Lesson 15i 



NEW TERMS. 



3i 



f 、進派 
脇墻紫 



VOCABDTARV, 

黨派 Taug^ 夕' m'4. Parties, 
i^i^ Clieng^ lang^. Political parties. 
难 4 珠 Kc^ 7ning^ tang^. Revolutionary 

party, (lit. the change rulers party), 
^/h] Vfl T'nng- meng^ hzvei^. Leagued Society, 

(formed many years ago by Sen Yat Sen). 
共 fn 贫 Kung^ he^ iang^. Republican Party, 
liSi?:?^ Kwoa^ tnin- tang^. Nationalists, 
jsc+lj^ A/i/r* <7w3 tang^. Democratic Party. 

Tnn^ " iang^. Union Party. 
秋- 一 共 fn 稱 T'imy^ ii kung^ he^ tangS, Uuited 

Republican Party. 

K/^5VSR Kwoa^ min^ kung^ tang^. Demo- 
cratic Party, 
尺」 了: 進&^ Kzvod^ min^ kung^ chin^ hwei^, 
J 'regressive Democratic Society. 

CHI (協會 Kwoa^ mtV hsie^ hzvei'^. National 
Association. 

共和建 設討論 賫 Kt— hp chien^ sh(^ i'ao^ 
Htn-^ liu'eR Socfety for Discussion of 
Foundation of Republic. 

民 黨 A/irt2 tafig^. People's Party. 

Jlti^iSi She^ tang^. Socialists. 

均富翁 Chiin^ /m4 tang-i. Socialists, Com. 
raunists. 

守 81 黨 SliOH^cliiu^ iang^. Conservative Party, 



Reform Party, 
Reactionaries. 

[ Progressives. 

Independent 



WeP hsin^ iau^^ 
Wan^ p、ai、, 
Chf- cJmt' fai\ 
Chiii^ fm -、 tang^, 
C//? chHang^ ia?tg^, 
(lit. sitter on the fence)". 
徘浅 P'ai^ han^. Anti-Chinese. 
§[i 满 P'ai2 fnan}. Anti-Mancbii. 
|jv 蒙 P'at^ tning''^. Anti-Mongol. 
宗) iH: 黨 Tsung^ shS^ iang^. Manchu. Party, 
i 呆皇 5^ Pao^ hxvang^ tang^. Pro-dynastic, 

:Uonarchical, Royalist. 
窓政戴 Hsien^ chhtg^ iang^. Constitutional 
Party. 

自||^5^ Ts'H yiu^ tang^. Liberty party. 
工黨 tang^. Labor Party. 
55^- J 4 Ta,ig3 yiien^. Member of party. 
i^Jl Tang^ chien^. Party idea. 

f' •, Tang^ cheng\ Party strife. 
潔^ Liang^ farig^ hP fi"g、 Amal- 
gamation. 

機闕報 C7"'i kwan' pao^. Party ne^vspaper. 
本^ # 覼部 tang^ c !"、 kwan' pn^. Head- 
quarters of party. 
本 IS 支部 P,"3 ia"g3 chV p"4. Branch or* 
gaiiization of party. 



吾 國民各 抱愛國 之心, 欲 
痛 除從前 腐敗 政?^ 之餘 
習, 其中分 爲急進 漸進兩 

派, j 丁與英 突各國 之政戴 
相 同也, 各國人 或疑^ 國 

5^ 兄劇烈 生危險 :不 
知- ^人 W 於和平 性質, 

非仃? !-^?; 之则激 無 
不顧 念同胞 

(Anniversary Pronunciafttento of 
Pres. Yuen ― IVriiicn for and trans- 
lated by China Press), 

八 J8 力融和 ^兑. 保存治 
安, 此) iJ5 谷國承 中華民 
'國 之必耍 

Agreement betzveen Yncn^ Sen, Li 
Hwang), China Prcss\» 



ILI.USTRATIONS. 

The people of the nation are unanimous in their patriotism ^ 
and in their desire to rid the country of all traces of the 
corruption of the former p;overnment. It is true that there 
are Radicals and Conservatives, but these two classes coiies- 
poiid to the political parties of Great Britain, the United 
States and other countries. There exists ainoiip^ the people 
of foreign nations a suspicion that in our country the party* 
idea is one apt to find too strong an expression, and that from 
this source future danger may arise ; but they arc unaware 
of the fact that our nation is blessed wilh a disposition 
essentially peaceable. It is only under the most exli;iordin- 
nry incitement that the people fail to keep in mind their 
fraternities. 

VIII. As the sijic qua non of recognition of the Republic by 
otlier nations, efforts will be made to reconcile jmrty differ* 
cuces, aud lo preserve peace and order. 



34 



新名詞 



|才 、報 封於 中國, 持同情 ± 

義, 對 於中國 政激, 持不偏 

不 倚態度 (36) 

歐洲 各國, 所 以能强 國者, 

就 在衆人 視國事 如同家 

事, 有許多 有政治 學問的 

人, 組織 (39、 政黨, 人家是 

純粹的 政黨. 决沒 有絲亳 

5;} 己 的心, 時時以 國利民 

醢爲^ (26) • 

Note i. CHun* ts'wei*, pure. (lit. un- 
adulterated silk and unmixed rice). 

奉省都 督府, 日前 活佛 
致内 蒙古各 王歸順 ill 告 
文,^ 將原文 大意, 譯錄於 
左, 革 命?; 顧覆滿 政府, 改 
國體爲 共和, 汲滅 種界, 業 
經宣告 五族一 體 然是不 

過漢 人籠絡 I 手段 (45), 他 
日國 基奠- 定, 必發 生排滿 

排 蒙之舉 

Note 1. Lung* lo*, crafty, (lit. a 
cage and a rope net), 

昨 日午後 三時, 國 民黨在 
湖北 會館, 開成立 大會, 中 

山先 生到會 演說 (27), 贊成 
(16) 六黨聯 '合, 群 I 民國初 
立, 黨派 溢生, 此非 彼是, 遺 
誤 良多. 今旣六 黨聯合 ,文 
喜出 望外, 自兹 以往, 當無 
黨派之 紛爭矣 



Note I. Tlie six parties were as follows: 

同 盟會. 統一共 和黨. 國民 
公黨, 國民共 進會, 共和實 
進會, 全國 聯合進 行會. 

旧昨 黑龍江 都督, 電至敎 
育部, 近日 各學堂 學生, 大 
牛趨 於政治 思想, 若縱之 
使入 政黨. 將來必 易起風 
潮, 是 否准其 入黨, 請即電 
護云云 



This paper (China Press) maintains a cordial feeling to 
Chi»a, and an attitude of iinpartiaUty to her political parties. 

The strength of European nations lies in the fact tliat all*" 
regard the affairs of the nation as they do their own family 
affairs. There are many skilled politicians who establish 
political parties ; all upright men, without the least particle " 
of disinterested motive, always holding the good of the 
nation and the happiness of the people as of the highest 
importance. 

A few days ago, the Governor of F£ng T'ien got hold of a 

communication from the Living Buddha to the princes of* 

Inner Mongolia, a translation of which is given below. "The 

Revolutionists overthrew the Manchu dynasty, aud changed 

the government to the Republican form, abolishing racial 

distinctions by proclaiming the unity of the five races. But 

this is only a crafty trick of the Chinese. In the future,* 

when the government is well established, then they will 

begin to drive out the Manchus and the Mongols." * 
Note 2. Tien*, fixed ; tien* ting*, the country quiet. 

Yesterday at 3 P.M., tlie Nationalist Party held a great 
inauguration meeting at the Hupei guild-hall. (Sen) Chung 
Shan attended, and gave a lecture advocating the amalga- 
mation of the six parties. (He said) "When the Republic 
was first established, numbers of political parties arose, and 
in their differences of opinion each with the other, too many 
errors were passed by unnoticed. To day, now that the six 
parties are amalgamated, (I, Sen) Wen, rejoice beyond my 
highest hopes. In future there should be no party strife." 



Yesterday the Governor of Hei Lung Chiang telegrapTied to 
the Minister of Education as follows : "At present in all 
schools, the large majority of the scholars are possessed with 
political notions. If they are allowed to join political parties, 
it will be a fruitful source of disturbance. Should they be 
permitted to join such organizations ? Please wire me 
immediately. 



NEW TERMS 



丄 



35 



Part 



LESSON XVL 

SOCIETIKS AND CLUBS. 

Transaction of Business.' 



a class 



it^ She"^ hzvci^. Society in general ; 
of society ; an organized society. 
Hzvei'^, Society, club, pnild. 
Chii' lod^ /,"4. Club, 
本/ ji5 piiA. Central organization. 
支部 ChV 力" 4. / ) • 
5 ChV Branch organization. 

fi 立资 Tsi^ lil fnve". 乂 Independent society. 
總 ti^tiil/ Tsung^ chi^ kwan、 Head-quarters. 
聯"、 传 Licn^ he- hzvei'^. General convention. 
T'an^ />'a"4. An unorganized conference, 
a discussion ; to confer. 
Hzvei^ R A ^conference to discuss a 
question, to discuss at a meeting. 

ICai、 麵 To open for the first time, ― 
applied to any undertaking, (lit. the 
ciutaiu rises). 

K'aii hzvei^. To open a society. 
PH 成 立大會 K'aii ch'eng^ /;4 fa^ h7vei\ To 
hold an opeuing meeting, to inaugurate 
a society. 

Chm^ liftg^, Bell-tap to open meeting. 
Su^ hwei^. To call a meeting; to order. 
Shcng^ isoa^. To take the chair. 
Ts"、 cliV. To organize, to found, (o 
establish, to systematize. 
Tsu^ hc^. Organization. 
ChUtng^ !su^. To reorganize. 
7fi!f"fM 織 Ch'tiuf;^ hsinq^ isu^ ch'i\ The same. 
5?[fr. Change ch'cng-. \ Constitution of a 
J* 1?: Ticn-^ change, ] society. 

附例 Fu* "4. J "》 laws- 
;] t\4t Cln^ Minutes. 
堂 亍' attgi. 乂 Session. 

人' '"2 shi- hu'ei、 Special session. 
p}\ f-, Ch'hng'i ming-. ' To call the roll. 
赠; Cfi、 flc、 hsi'. Absent from roll-call. 
WvkWM Ch'n' hsi^ shi". Total ntteu- 

cl.iMce. 

從名 jj?^ iiihuj- lisiiciii f/ii*'. To iioiiii- 
irate. 

iT^JJi Hsiicn^ chrH. - To elect. 

irM hsiicn\ To elect by rising vote. 
5t T-iS slwii-^ lisiicn'\ \ To elect by 

^■ik Shou'^ hsih-ni. / sliow of Ii.iikIs. 

Sim 〃''a<)' lisiicn\. 1 To elect 

ftiKillfc T'ou^p'iao * hsiicni chuK f by ballot* 



開& 



升 

mt 



jgj^-Chcng'i hsiieni. To vote for. 

Rii Pani hsiien^. To vote against 

iS 定 Hsiie"3 ting*. Elected. 

公雄 Kiing' rl"V. Public election. 

;' iH- 住 jaiA, Reelected. 

钾端 P tivaiiK ) A motion, question nndet 

i>l^$ a"4. /discussion, a bill. 

Unl? T'l- !' 4 ) To make a motion; to 

f 跌端 Chi'i'〜 tzvan' | move. 

il-pftA T'i2 i4 jSn-. The mover. , 

Tsm、 ch'—\ }To second. 

i&ftft Chii^ chu^. Moved and seconded. 

^fl/j Tsan^ To approve, to acquiesce, 

to help forward, to further. 
反對 Faft3 twei4. Contrary niinded ; to take 

the negative side, to oppose. 
問題 Wcn'^ t'i^. The question under disu « 

sion, theme, topic, subject, problem. 
提交 T? chiaoi. To submit a question to 

another person or bodv for discussion 

ken 浐 i4 flH4. A substitute 

motion. 

M 論 T'ao) To discuss a question. 

出 Ch、u, list- To nttenrl .i mectinfr. 
JPir 讀衆 Yuen^l^ flM( Original motion. 

""'J lisiao\ To witlidrnw n motion ; to 
、 abolish, to cancel, to do awny with. 
fjV 除 Hsiao^ c/iV. To delete, to eliminate, 

to remove. 
修 IE 案 Hsiii^ chcng^ an^. Amendment. 
修正 Sl^ 案 Hsiu^ chcng^ |4 on 4, Motion a.i 

amended. 



\ To confirm hy vote aftei 
/ discussion, to deteimine, 



解决 Chic3 chiie^ 

to decide. 
if) Clvi\ Ave. 
不 M 尸" 2 chu^. No. 

Piao^ chiie^. To manifest opinion, <o 

vote. 

正表 Cheng^ f*iao^ chiie^. Affinnnlivc vote, 
f^^rjjt- f:(,n、 f^"w、 rhiie^. Negative vote. 
^liT.^tk C7,'i、; 〃4 f*iao、 chUe^. RiPin* vote. 

多數 7 Oii' «y/n'"*. Majority. 

少數 Shao^ shu^. Minority. . 

'r'tifigi 人': [Motion 
公决 Kuug^ chiicK [passed. 



36 



新名詞 



Lksson 1《 



全 fift ChUicn^ Vi^. Unanimous, the entire body. 
全 ftS 贊成 Ch'iicn^ tsan'^ ch,ing\ ' Unaui- 
iiiously approved. 

M f 成 dt>72. I Motion lost 
决; 34 Chiie^ A decision; to decide. 



稷議 Fu2 t4. To reconsider. 
否决 Fou^ cliiie'. To decide against. 
否 lis Fou、 Veto. 
一會 jPH Iro'ci^, To close a session. 
解^ CVi/t'3 san^. To disband, to dissolve 
sodety; to disperse. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

大總 統得制 定宫制 官規, The President is to fix the rules and regulations regnirlina 
til # ^ • • • officials, but is to submit the same to Parliament for con- 
firmation. 

當時 全體起 立贊成 At this point the cutire body lose to express asseut. 

女子參 政權道 筒問题 要 Before deciding the question of the participation of women 
解 决起永 必: 耍角 军决這 in politics, the question of the demarkatiou of women's rights, 
^女平 A 的界 限' must first be settled. 

將來 蒙事似 可望 和平解 There are hopes that in future Mongolian affairs may be 
决 • , , • • amicably settled. 

贊成 的多, 反對 的少, 贊成 Those taking the affirmative wcic mnny, the negative few ; 
的十有/^^;^!^, 反對 的十之 eight or nine out of teu approving, to one or two disap- 
〜二 •,,•,》,.,,,, proving. 

京函云 陸 總理以 所提出 *^ur Peking correspondent says that Minister Lu has decided 
* 乏國 員六 人、' 旣— 致未 resign, because the six men nominated by him for the 
能 通過, 以 演說 之故, 發 Cabinet were all turned down, and because a lack of con- 
《'生 不信 ff: 總理 問题, 現已 fidence in him was manifested on account of his speeches. Tt 
(\决 意辭職 方》 今 日或明 is said he will present his resignation either to-day or to 

* 日, 卽將提 出辭表 morrow. 

趙 畫韵國 務總理 問題, 已 The question of appointing Chao Ping Clmn as Premier was 
提交 參議^ 前 日投享 針 submitted to the National Assembly, and the voting took 
^Ij 院 議昌, dh-j^-p _ ^入 得 place a few days ago. There were 71 members present, of 
同意票 數六十 九票, 木同 whom 69 voted in the affirmative, and only two in the 
意密 iM 二票, 聞議 , 等, 先 negative. It is said that at the previous session the members 
翁 宣言, 謂國勢 漆;^ 無論 of the session had announced that on account of the national 
以何人 提交, 均予 通過, 何 crisis, uo matter who might be nominated, they would vote 
趙智 庵乎, 故未 投票以 for him ; how much more, then, since it was Chao Chi An. 
前, 夕 卜間卽 預知其 必通過 Hence, even before the balloting, it was knowu outside how 

云 the voting would go, 

. ) 

前日 國務員 名單, 提交參 Yesterday after the list of Cabinet Ministers bad been sub* 
議 院後, 議员 有主張 (37) niitted to the Assembly, the members advocated proceeding^ 
即時投 票者, 甲 桌謂今 日 iiumediatdy to ballot for thein. But Mr. A. said they wght 



T,BssoN \7i 



NEW TERMS. 



i7 



不能 投菓, 乙某反 對之, 指 
甲某曰 ,你已 經發言 四次, 

請 議長懲 IHl 甲某 大怒, 拍 
"案跳起,罵曰,^^是什度東 
西, 敢 管我的 閒事, 乙某亦 
怒 EU 乍議 R 如何 罵人, 於 
是丙, ^等, 皆拍案 大怒, 議 
A 場秩序 大亂, 甲茶 與乙某 
"欲 出席 角關, 經衆 人苦勸 
方止, 全場 亂如^ i): 議長 

竭 力維持 (37), 始歸 銀靜. 



not to vote that day. Mr. B. opposed this and pointing- at 
iMr. A. said, " You have already spoken four times. Will the 
President of the Assembly please call the member to order?" 
Mr. A. was much enraged, and rapping ou the table reviled 
him saying, "What kind of a thing is this that presumes to 
meddle with my business? " Mr. B. also got into a passion 
and said, "Can a Member of the Assembly revile?" Where-" 
upon Mr. C. and others pounded on their tables in great rage, 
and the Assembly was all in confusion, A. and B. wanted to 
leave the room and fight. It was only by the urgent 
exhorfation of the whole body that they were stopped. The 
whole Assembly was like a boiling pot, aud the President had 
to exert himself to the utmost befoie order could be restored. 



LESSON XVII. 

Societies and Clubs. 
Part IL Officers, Members, and Various Names of Societies 

Vocabulary. 



職負 Chr yiien^. An official. 

職員 /4 chP yuen^. Unsalaried of- 
ficers. 

幹事 Kan^ ski4. Executive Secretary, as of I 

Y.M.C.A. ; President of Society. I 
主 任幹事 C7i"3 y^»4 kan^ sh'i^. President of 
Society 丄 (lit. the executive who has 
power to appoint). 
専 務幹事 Chwan^ wii* kan^ sh'i^. Department- 
al Secretary, as in Y.M.C.A. 
會長 Hwci^ change. President of Society, 

(usual name). 
副會艮 hwei'^ chang^. Vice-president. 
代?, H 會長 Tai^ "3 hwei^ chang^. Acting Pres- 
ident. 

hwei'^ change. Honorary 



主席 
司€^ 

mi 
mi 

會 



Cliaiiniati, presiding officer, 
leader of meeting, 
kecoiditig Secretary, clerk. 
Corie^pouUiug Secretary. 



名 &l 會艮 Ming 
President. 

Shu' clti^. 
Shu' ch'i\ 

SV 人' 

Hwei-^ yiu K 
Hivci^ yiien 

經'; 會 

same. 



i 



rcasuier. 



Member. 



Associate Member. 



The 



The same 



贊成負 Tsan"^ cWeng- yiien^. Auxiliary Member 
名 餐會員 Ming- yii-^ hwei-^ yiien^. Houorary 
Member. 

装務會 ^ ,4 7e^w4 hwei^ yuen^. \ Active Mem- 
幹! fUi sKi^ yiien-. J bcr. 

全 體大會 ChUien^ ta-^ hivei^. Full session. 

成 * 額!^ Ch'eng^ hivev^ shu"^. Quorum. 

委辦 ll'eP pan*. Committee (to act). 

委酌 IV ei^ f//oi'. Committee to deliberate or 
discuss a subject. 

執 行委辦 C/rr hsing- wei^ pan'^. Executive 
Couimittee. 

招 f 乍 Chao^ fai'^ viicn^* Usher. 

赚會 Kung^ ? /,:4,/ 寶?. I Aid Society. 

天) Ticn^ isii^ hzvci^, Anti-fot)t-biiiding 
Society, (lit. natural foot society) . 

fiftlVQ" Ti^'yii^ hivei^- Athletic Club. 

:^7J 會 Ta-* tao^ /kcv/-». \ Boxers, (lit. Big 

S^fll^ /» he- ch'iien". j Knife or Sword 
Society, or Kij^li toons Harinoiiv Fists). 

IE 子 3t T,"Htj2 |^^|3 ch",t、 \ Buy 

iiiV^W^ ChVtiji ran4 t'umj- tsU, J Scouts. 

女 3^ 命' 4t iV«3 Av- muu/^ clii'tnK Chinese 
Amazons. 

睦 (Sfi 會 A/'<4 i-' /Kt't,i4. Chinese Anglo-Ameri- 
cuu Kiieiulsliip Association. 

Ifl 鄉 Tuiur hsiattif^ lizveiK Civic or Pro- 
vincial GiiilJ, (US Cantonese Guild ia 



38 



新名翻 



LESfiON 1,. 



華洋! ^flE 會 H%va^ yang^ chen^ hw^. Fam- 

ine Relief Coniinktee. 
2^- 國改 S 會 kwo 己 2 kai^ Hang- hwei^. 

International Reform Society. 
tfllt^l^ YicJi^ slnvod^ fzvan^. Lecture Bureau. 
文 Wen^ lisue^ hzvei^. Literary Society. 
免義 Chiiiiy^ chiin^. Loyal Temperance 
Legion. 

S 强社 Ts'i-^ ch'iang- she^. National Develop- 
ment Society. 
年和會 P,—2 hP hweiA. 1 Conference 

閱 fJUi Vue^ pao-^ she^. Reading Club, (News- 
papers). 

拓歹 i5 會 Toi^ chP hwei^. Reclamation Society, 
(lit. to bear up and make prosperous ^), 



《0: 十字 sh'is hi'cii\ Red Cross 
Society. 

改 M 會 Kai3 Hang- hwci^. Reform Society. 
亞西 亞 [^會 lisii 3'a3 hsie^ hiveiK Royal 

Asiatic Society. 
禾' i!' 密會 '仏 4 ""'4 Im'ci-^. Secret society. 
! jr^/fiiji 析究會 Cliiug^ sltcn^ yien^ chm^ hwei^. 

Society for Psychic Research. 
女 子參政 M(] ts'i^ ts'an^ chcng^ fzvan^, 

vSnf!rno:cttes, Wommi Suffrage Fart v. 
女基督 節 il 會 腳 chi' in' t'u^ chie^ cht^ 

hii'ciK Wouian's Christian Temperance 

Union. 

保 T 晴 Pao3 hP hwei^. I^eace'""^ 
5.11 (remove) puuf hwei^. J gociety. 



Over one hundred and 
this meeting, and all girls joiuing the school are 
members of this society. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

"長 老執事 (21) 爲義 務職員 • Elders and Jeacons are unsalaried officers. 
有人欲 IB 織一演 說團, 仿 There aie those who wish to establish a lecture bureau, on 
^ 日 本救" jij^ 軍 0)^:^ 動 • tlie niodel of the operations of the Salvation Army in Japan. 

* 樂安延 家集, 今春公 立女子 riiis Spring a public school for girls was established in the 
小學 校一所 ' 得 1 學伊始 t, 即 village of Yien-Chia-Chi, in Lo-au County. When the school 

:、 由 钟學界 創立 (37) 天足會 、"s established, the gentry and literati founded an Auti- 

至 ij 会 者百」 十, 人 凡入 ^ foot-binding Society. Over one hundred and sixty persons 
子學 校者; i 天 中人也 attended - 
Note 1, I' shi-J, this commencement. 
前天 實業共 濟會, 在安 徵會 Yesterday the Tradesman's Aid Society held its opening 
M 開 立 大 會' 並 選舉職 meeting in the Au-hui Guild Hall, ami elected officers. At 

員, 當經 票 舉定甲 某;^ thai time they elected Mr. A. as President, and Messrs. B. 

正會 i 二人爲 glj-^ and C. as Vice-Presidents. They also elected Messrs. Sen 

長. 並:11^舉孫中"111 克 强 Chung Shan (Sen Yat Sen) and Hwang K'g Cb'iang (Hwang 

兩^^生 爲名 ^正 §『 會長 Hsiug) as Honorary President and Vice-President. 

*p 日 大總統 代表顧 維鈞, Triennial of the International Rkform Society. 

到萬國 &莨" ^演 1^"^ Ih T* Yesterday Mr. Ku Wei Chiiii, the deputy of tl)€ President, 

爲-" ;-會 開 二年成 大會 delivered a lecture before the International Reform Society. 

-Jr i##f^^SI j^:^pi' He said, "To-day is the third anniversary of the founding of 

5 ^rS?lSs your honorable Society. The President has the heartiest 
^^'^ 1\ ^$^W 1 亚 sympathy with your good work, and has deputed me to attend 

:申 ,M 、會 H 改 良風俗 this meeting, and convey to you his congrntulatious. Your 

S 爲 宗旨. 1^1 成立 以來, 已屆 2 society has as its aim the reform of bad customs and habits.* 

時三年 /凡此 期內, 能實力 During the entire time from its foundatiou until now, a 
其 所抱之 宗旨, 成效卓 period of three years, it has strenuously carried out this 
著 3, 大總統 之, 深爲/ purpose, with couspicuously fine results. The Presideut is 

Note 1. yuen-\ thereupon: and so. "tleeply gratified to learn of this. 

Note 2. Chi€^ to arrive At, limit iNotc 9. Choi' chu*, eminent and conspicuou*. 



Lesson 18. 



NEW TERMS 



39 



* 脊 年會之 設也, 徧於 全球. 

持宗待 (26) 三 大端, 曰德 

* 育, 智育, 體靑, (22) 责年 
會之 名義, 似 頗注重 (SQl 於 

少年, 然會中 不乏' 年齒較 
長者, 殆亦同 受其益 ,蓋以 
德^ 智育 而言, 其 造詣 3 之 
淺深, 似不 以年歳 之長幼 
爲判. 至於 體育一 端, 尤爲 
吾人 共同之 必要, 靑年會 
造就' 國民爲 社會之 模範, 
今諸? ^ 代表 各省, 實即各 
省之 模範, 所望 奪發糈 祌, 
"增進 經験. 爲我 國民倡 5 .. 
Note 1. Fa*, to be in want of. 
Note 2. Tai4, nearly. 



Sixth National Convention of Y.M.C.A', From open- 
ing speech of President Yuen Shih , ; Kau 
The Y.M.C.A. is an organization established in all parts of 
the world. Its object is three-fold, namely ; moral, intel- 
lectual and physical training. From the name Young Men's 
Christian Association, it is manifest that special atteution is 
given to young men ; but as a matter of fact, there are in the 
Association not a few men of riper years, who also share the 
same advantages. With regard to moral and intellectual 
culture, the proficiency attained is not determined by the 
age of a man ; while physical training is still more necessary 
to all. The Y.M.C.A. is training the citizens of the Republic 
to become model members of society. You to-day come as 
representatives from every province, and you are each 
examples and patterns for the province you represent. We 
hope that with renewed energy, and ever-increasing experi- 
ence, you will become leaders of the nation. 
Note 3. \\ to reach a place ; tsao^ i*, proficiency attained* 
Note -" 

Note 5. Ch'ang*, a leader. 



Tsao^ chiu^, to accomplish^ to develop. 



LESSON XVIIK 



^.會 
文明 



進化 
返化 



«1: 會舉 She^ hwex^htu^.^. 
^举 CWun' hsii 導、 | Sociology. 

Jen^ ch'iin^. Society. 
ShC"^ /izm'4. The same, but also used in 
sense of a society, (see lesson XVI). 
IVen^ ming^. Civilized, enlightened ; 
up-to-date, now often used in advertise- 
ments for " western style," as, 文明] 髮 
處, Foreign-style Barber Shop." 
C7(in4 hwa-^. Progress of civilization ; 
advance ; evolution. 

/jit'a^. Decadence or decliuc of 
civilization. 
斗: 化, Pan^ k,(jii hwa^ kzvoa*. Semiciv- 

ilizcd country. 
風 55 未 W ch'i4 wei-^k'ai^. UneuHghtened. 

3?f 匕 C!i'ihi2 /nt'a4. Social rcfonii. 
丄會政 5fi hwei"^ chcng^ ts'e^. Socialism 

ns a political platform. 
社會主 She^ hzuei"^ chu^ i4. Socialism as a 
theory. 

K 生主接 Mirt^ sheng^ chu^ i-*. Economics. 
均從 Chiin^ fw^. Commuuism as regards prop- 
erty. 

Kung^ ch'an^ chii^ if The same, 
lll^. i's'ii" ch'an\ Property. 
yf^WiM P"-' tunij^ cli'an^. Real estate. 
^涯 Shh、g、 yoi-*. Mode of life, llvelihuod. 
^^f- Shiny ^ chi^. Means of livtlihood 



Sociology. 
媒生 



To devise means of live" 



Mou^ sheng^. 

lihood. , 
養 生耍素 Yang^ sheng^ yao^ Necessaries 

of life. 

出生率 C/i'm' sheng^ shzvai^. Birth-rate. 
>^滿爲患 《^纟"2 tnan^ wei^ /i 謂' Over-popu» 
lation. 

移 •R^? 荒 /- »nV k'en^ hwang^. Settling waste 
lauds, colonization, (lit. move people 
and break wilderness). 

^jj^ vfi Chi' min- ts'e'^. Same, (as a policy.) 

mi^Hl Clii- min- "4. Colony. 

/4 nung- hz^'ei-^. Colonizatiou Associa* 
tion. 

公民 Kung^ min-. The public. 

ft 界 Niing^ chie-^. Farmers, the fanning 
class, the agricultu lal world. 

工界 Kung^ chic-^. Laborers, the laboring class. 

商 Shang^ chie-^. Merchants, the commer- 
cial world. 

學界 Hsiie^ chie^. Educational circles, in. 

chidhig both teaclu is atul pupils. 
女界 AW Woman's si'hcre or world, 

the female sex. 
JaJ:#M^|5 She^ fnt'e" c/nV chi\ Caste, social 

i\mk, (lit. society ladder steps), 
-tffc'fil ft" SliOfuj-^ liii- slii'^ h :tr»**. Uppcrclassci. 
下流 〃on"4 iur she-^ /juvi*. Lower cla^s, 

Ihc subiucn;^ J teulh. 



40 



新名詞 



Lesson 18. 



神界 Shrn^ chie《 The gentry. 
游^6的 tod^ "4. Tramps. 
Af^ Jen- chung\ \ ^ 
柙接 Cht《ng3 isu^. j KACE. 

% Fen^ chung^ chie^. Race distinctions. 
AQifS^ Jen^ chung^ p'ien^ chien^. Race 
prejudice. 

五狭 /I '"3 tsii^. The five races, viz: 漢, 痛, 
J^, 回, 廉; Chinese, Manchus, Mongols. 
Mohamiuedaus (including tribes ou 
west, as ill Chinese Turkestan), Thibe- 
tans. 

黃種 Hwang^ chung^. Mougoliau race, in- 
cluding all five. 
白種 Fai? chmg3. Caucasian race. 



歐亞種 Om' ya^ chung^. Eurasians. haU- 



Sff /4 cliung^, Alieu race. 

外 fit Wai^ ch'iao^. Foreigu settlers. 

同 種之國 Tiing^ chung^ chV kwoi^. Count 

lies of kindred rate. 
黄禍 Hwang- Iizk.'ou'^. " Yellow peril." 
保 fr]^ Pao^ chiing^, Pieservdtiou uf race. 
CM IVang^ chxtng^. 
MI'll Ml '爿 chung^, 
GfcB Wang- A-rcoa-. National extinction, a 

subjugated nation. 
亡國奴 U'ang^ kwod^ ,t"2. Vassal, a man 

without a country, (said of Koieaus). 



Race extinction. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

黄白兩 種入, 聚於一 堂《 • • Chinese and foreigners held a united session. 

反 對這問 题的, 竟 在上流 Those who oppose this question all belong to the upper class. 

社會 

我看 仍不 脫野蠻 國民的 I see you have not yet cast aside the behavior of au im- 

行爲 civilized people. 

不 養用夕 卜僮, 足以 亡國滅 If the foreigu loan is improperly expended, it will be enough 

to destroy the nation and annihilate the race. 

就是; 乘 Si-^: • iniinifPI Eve" the President is of the san>e rauk as we subjects,— 
* 百姓 ~ "愈 中等 眞是 indeed a great step in advance in civilization. 
明的一 大進歩 ,(38) 了 …… 

而今的 中國, t^i 愤 i 是愛 皮西 If a Chinese of the present day does not know his A.B.C s,* 

沒他不 *i 齒, 更 ttt^ he counts as uncivilized ; if he does not wear foreign clothes 

革履 1, 缺 他不算 做^. and leather shoes, he counts as putting ou iio style ai all. 
Note 1. Lu3, shoes. 

fiP 進而 達社會 主義家 所言冑 But to pass on to what Socialists describe as the Golden A^e 

条 來乏黄 ^ 時代, 人 4 金 of the Future, when every one lives as he should, and li"、 

而各得 需要 what he needs, tins also is limited to earthly happiness. 
赤不外 半現世 之"" i 福, (32) Stuart tr.). 

今我祖 國大好 山河, 亦將 The fair land of our forefathers is about to fall prev to forei^ o 

淪於夷 狄', 斷送於 暴俄之 barbarians; ― to be given into the ruthless hands of Russia ; - 

手, 使 我同月 k、 將^^冃】度波 our brothers are about to become the successors of (tliup.e of), 

蘭 之續, 將 爲亡國 最下等 hidia and Poland ; ― the basest of mongrel vassal slaves I 

雜種 之奴銶 • • Note 1. I' ti,. Two savage tribes of antiquity. 

敎育 公平, 足以啓 發下流 Impartial education will fully dispel the ignorance of the 

社會 之蒙昧 lower classes. 



Lesson 18. 



NEW TERMS 



41 



宗旨 O 本會宗 W , 在招選 Extracts from Constitution op the Colonization 
jg. H. ra Association of the Republic of China. 

SJh" ifc S& Ul a^pJ MS^"' S Object. The object of the Association is to put the destitute* 

Si'?^ Poo>^ o" vacant land by supporting them while they break up 

,w >c.JS the lands, and to teach them improved methods of farmine 

Notel. Shu4 .4, forestry. and forestry. 

分地法 〇 本會之 地, Division op land. The amount rented to each family will* 
生 產力之 強翁, 距' 城市之 depend upon the productiveness of the land, and the proximity 
遠近, 以及 運之是 to a good market, and facilities of transportation. lu all 

利 (31), 分 in 各 承種, 裙使 cases the object in view will be to give each family sufficient 

戶 4 生 計滿足 land on which to produce a livelihood. 

Note 1. Chu*, distant from. 

租地法 〇 租戶應 將該地 Land tenure. Each colonist must return by instalments 
j^: 傻, 分期歸 3 未會 his share of the original price of the land. They will receive* 

fl. ^ ' t'^fll ^ - 俾^^!戶 a 'ease which will entitle them to the use of the land only so* 

可以 如法 薪植, 而 祖戶亦 long as tlicy keep it under proper cultivation and pay rent. 

^niMl'A'f"'t'ffl Note t Tsu" ch'i*, a contract of lease. 

校範農業^^0本會凡方仑開 Model farm. In the middle of each colony about 200 moo 

^地中 nillilfcWSJt, (35 English acres) will be told off for a model farm. 
Hi 本 會辦理 農事, 以爲模 

範場 

fci, O — 贊同 (37) ;±h 和 Regulations of the Association of Chinesk 

* ^^fi ¥ ^^T^^^^^i.! General Objects, i. To promote the common weal, 2. 
Sfi Ji \lltnli^X^Vi'f^m do away with racial differences' 3. To reform the laws, 
、1!1(^7。"^«1織_^^^20,>機 respecting the rights of the individual. 4. To abolish the* 

關 '省 1'' 及 平 lio 敎 n hereditary system as regards estate. 5. To organize a* 

拫興 [fi 接 (、13) 生利之 事業, general system of education among the common people. 6. 

*mmm\ip 一离; 地税, To promote directly productive labor, and encourage the* 

免一切 税。 'Piirii'll (35) laboring classes. 7. To levy land taxes only, abolishing* 
求備, 饼力軍 li 以夕 卜之競 all other taxes. 8. To limit armaments, and concentrate 

爭 , • • • • energy on competition in othei matters. 

Note 1. CInang3 li^, to reward. 

? 務 CHfl 縱公 5ft 之 j^: 料頃 Bdsinkss. To organize public Maternity Hospitals, Kin- 

* 院, 蒙 院, 小學巾 ?^/ V 破 dergartens, Elementary and Middle Schools, &c., in order to 

除家 te:{6lij^, 簿 遗產^ abolish the family system To plan methods of appro- 

公乏方 免等等 priating inherited estate for public uses. . . .&c. 

* 經?^ C3 翁貝 月 ^J^r'ffi it Funds. There is no fixed amount for monthly subscriptions, 

無^ 數- 桑 〈】接厂!^ 收人吉 4 b"t members are expected to coutiibute about five per cent 

之丘 of their income, . . . , &c. 

人道 主義, 四海兄 I 弟, )fit Bxplanaiion of objects under 2, (Our watch-words are) 
4^ 無 fey 界, 尤不應 Humanity' fraternity ! Socialism knows uo distinction of 

^l^lil 分極 ^ natiou' still kss of race, &c 



€2 



新名詞 



Lksson 19' 



资 木公諸 社會, 而 勞動普 

及 flS 人 

凡 人力所 生者, 皆 不應徴 
* 稅以 困之, 宜 4f 徵惟一 之 
地稅. 以殺富 亲兼併 之勢, 



( Undirr j, see Chap. XIX) Under 6. Capital is to be the 
common property of the state, and labor is to be the comiuo,"、 
lot of the individual. 



Under 7. No taxes should he levied on products of luinian 
industry, but a single tax on land, to diminish the power 
of the plutocracy, and open a way for the tramp to become 

而蘭 游惰歸 農之途 afamer. 

Note 1. Si-* hai^ hsiung' ti*, all are brothers, an allusion to the familiar line of the Ltin Yu, 四 海之內 *^ 兄 
弟也, all within the four seas are brothers. 

節錄北 京法政 白話報 O 昨 RxTRACT FROM PEKING LEGAL NEWS (Colloquial). 

^厂!^' 說!^ 國家社 ^ 政策' ^Concerning Communism. What has already been said 
* 是 ^j^jj' 去^富 [^階 添 g 勺 concerning; a National Socialistic policy, is a method of 
筒法子 所;^ 全國的 田地路 obliterating caste distinctious between rich and poor. All 
破, 及' 各種的 產業, 都是國 land, roads, mines and every kind of property all belong to 
^ 所有 不有 L 苷 P 那此, 宵木家 the state ; so capitalists are not allowed the exclusive enjoy-* 
吹^白^^* *nT ^ ^^台 嗣弁 nient of them. Thus all this becomes the property of the 
^ ^ ^尝 ^V^jstate and not of officials, for the state is the people, hence 

m ' Ji^^i^ n % ^ the property of the state is the property of the people. 



民的, 所以國 有就是 民有了 
Note 1, Ch'an3 ch'ii^, to shovel away, 
hence to obliterate. 



乂 



LESSON XIX. 

The Individual 
Vocabulary. 



T'icn^ tsV 
Ticn^ hsing^. 



人 Ke^ jen^. The individual. 
個體 Ke^ t'is. The same, to distinguish from 
IH 體, an organized body. 

Character. 

Hsing^ ke^. I Temperament, disposi- 
Hsing^ chi^, ) tion, characteristics. 

1 Natural or hereditary 
^ J disposition. 
Jen^ kP. Ability, natural qualities np 
to the standard, talents. 
不 穀人格 kou"^ jcn- kP. Not up to the 
standard of a man. 
THcn^ isai^. Talent, genius. 
TsV kP. Measure of ability, character, 
qualifications, eligibility. 
Su^ -VI"'. Predisposition; 
Ch'ing^ hsiang^. - Tendency, (lit. inclin- 
ing towards). 

T'e^ hsing 乞 Distinguishing character- 
istics, individuality. 
转別性 S pie^ hsing^ c/iH. The same. 



品格 

品德 
性格 
性霣 
天資 
天性 

>^袼 



天才 

笔因 
P 向 

特性 



Optimism 



Pessimism. 



特質 T'e^ chi^. - Idiosyncrasy. 

離奇 乙 i2 chH^, Eccentricity. 

素行 5*"4 hsing^,- General behavior, conduct. 
性 Shu^ hsi'tffA.- Attributes, qualities. 

天 Lod'^ t'ien^ kzvan\ 

樂 觀主義 Loa^ ku'an、 chu^ R J 

悲觀 it:" Peii kwan^ chti^ 

哀 flfti 義 Ai' k 讓、 cJi"3 

厭 tlL* 鸛 shi4 kzvani • Asceticism from 
standpoint of wishing to leave the world, 
world-weariness, disgusted with life. 

制 欲主義 C/zH yiH c7!"3 |4. Asceticism from 
standpoint of curbing desire. 

希?^ Hsi、 lifang^, Hope, ambition. 

, "心 C!i—ch ―、 hsin、 I Ambi-ion 

好 勝思想 Hao^i sheng^ sV hsmng^, ) ion' 

J^'^ Yii^ ivang^. Desire. 

^、烈 Chit /,V4 Violent. 

熟誠 J 一 ch'eng^. Zealous, earnest, ardent, 
eager ; zeaL 



LKJiSON 19. 



NEW TKRMS 



43 



胃 險性質 iVfao4 hsicn^ hsing^ chi^/ Foolhardy 

, disposition. ^ 
探 fef 7"an-* /?5iVn-^. Adventurous, venturesome. 
體格 TP kC". \ p 
身 K Shen' izvan^. j Physique. 
ftg^ Ti^ ts'ai^. The same ; also outliue of 

an essay, (lit. cut of the body). 
魄力 li^y Animal courage. 

fCa"3 chiic^. Sensation. 
fcSf'fV Kan^ kwan^. Sense-perception. 
)^ 冲 Chin(f shcn^. Mind, soul, spirit, energies. 
f^Wi Ncro^ wang^A Brains, as the organ of 
MU NaoMiaiS. f the mind. 
Note. The mental powers are now placed higher 
up in the anatomy of a man than formerly. An 
up-to-date man would no long-er aspire to have it 
said of him, 滿 Jli 子 JS 有學 問- 
M 力 Ncw3 li 為. Brain power, intellectual vigor, 
* 能 Ch'i^ ueng^. Intelligence. 

I 'zvei^ li^. Reasoning, 
g 想 K'ung^ lisiang^. - Fancy. 
想傲 Hsiang^ hsiang^. Imagination. 
IS 想 She'^ hsiang^. To imagine or conceive, to 

picture to oneself, to form a conception of. 
; 會 hzvei^. To conceive, to picture to 

oneself. 

静舰 ChingA kwanK Contemplation, 
vi/r,*' C7i"4 - Attention, (see also les. 39). 



不^^:-意 fAf"—. Inattention. 
好 "^心 IIoo^ chH^ hsin\ Curiosity. 

察 Kwan^ ch'a^. Observation. 
tiUj Shi-^ Discernment. 
1?J? 識 Ch、cutg2 sln4. Couimou sense, (see 42) 
17^ Citing^ UK Experience. 

之 i^?-^ Slii- chi^ chV ching' yien^. Prac 
tical experience. 
^?^知識 fung^ ch.il shK General in- 
formation, all-round attainments, (seems 
as if it meant common sense, but used 
of acquired as well as natural ability). 



The Sensibilities. 



情成 

实成 



Taste. 



Kan^ ch'mg 
Ch'ing^ kan'^. I 

細 【i 思想 Mei^ shu^ si^ hsiang^, . 
fpig Han^ yien-: Shame. 
; fel^ /4 cM4. The will, volition. 
强硬 Ch,iang2 ying 气 Determined. 
毅力 /4 Strong purpose, intrepid. 
奴 lii 性 Nu2 I" hsing"^, ) Dependent nature; 
fpf^il'^ /^li* hsing^. - I parasitic. 
'^'11* Ling- hsing-^. Spiritual nature. 
JcH' p'in^. Moral qualities. 
Cliia^ ckiK Worth ; now used as a noun 
and applied to character. 
厶 ig4 kcn^. Innate depravity. 



A 

mm 
劣根 



世 上不論 男女, 都 耍掃除 

了倚 m 性, 發生 (39) 自强自 

立 的性? (• 

^ 雖 iti 愛 1^1 熟誠 所致, 其實 

若非 各都督 t;^«fS'(27) 於前, 
難以收此效^^1- ? 6) 於 後.. 

世人 是^ [I]: 所^, 人受 

父母 所生之 "CHS 髮 Ji^, 秉 
^£物'所11[《之露性,:{[:£^體, 

有 靈性, 此之 謂人, pits 
個人, 就比 1')》:; 物 ff;lf,',r 旣 
比; 究物 if/; 『,',』、, 就 《;} 恕所以 

高於 物的; Qil!, ialliliE 

m. 凡, 工我們 ih.imiii'ii: 方 的 
"人, 就該時 時] iff 究, 刻剡 

, 拄 ;(?,'. 《 ''>,i'Vi + l,f 與 III: 俗共 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 
Every one, whether man or woman, ought to put aside a 
parasitic nature, and develop a self-reliant independeut dis- 
position. 

Though the outcome of true patriotic zeal, yet if all the Re- 
publican Governors had not led the vau, these results would 
never have followed. 

All men are born of father and mother, and all receive tlieit 
bodies from father and mother, and their souls from the Cre- 
ator. To have a body and a soul, this is what constitutes a 
man. Since one is a man, one is superior to ail creation ; and 
since one is superior to all creation, one should consider 
what is the reason of this superiority. All we who have the 
form of niati ought hour by hour to inquire into this reason, 
nioineut by moment to ponder over it. On no account must 
one (be content to) sink or swim with the world, the sport 
of every wave and ripple. 

Note 1. Tsuo^ wu*. ^'^n-li abbreviation of 造 ijjf 主, the Creator. 
Note 2. T'ou* yiien' glu'' fang', round head and square feet, i.e. 暴 iMan, 



44 



新名 



I.ESPON 19. 



决 死部報 名者, —百 餘人, Over a hundred Dare-to-dies have put down their names 
* 碎 V 皆愛 ^健 免 (40) 熟》 、志 (wanting to fight Russia). They are mostly patriotic braves, 
士, 年在 三十以 卜> 體格强 zealous enthusiasts, under thirty, and of robust physique, 

^il^* Note 1. Shuai^ here means for the most part. 

DiVFERENCK Bktwekn World- WEARINESS AND PESSIMISM. From Peking 大自 ill 賴. 
* 厭 til' 思想與 悲観的 思想, World- weariness and pessimism differ greatly in nature, for 
3^. tl: 質 (26) 大不 相同, 拳 the pessimist still holds to life, and so cannot be called 

weary of life ; but the world-weary, to justify the name, must 
close his eyes and not return. Men of to-day are always say- 
ing, " I am weary of life,'; but there is not a juan of them who 
closes his eyes and goes to the "bounie from which no travel- 
ler returns". It is ouly this that can be called weariness of 
life ; so in the end it is nothing but pessimism. 



悲観而 猶執 著夫人 生者' 
不 可 謂之 厭世, 厭世者 ,必 

一 tir 目不 復回而 後可, 今 
人勧 3 云 厭世, 而一 瞎長往 
而不復 fei 者 無人, 此何足 
和爲厭 胜 哉, 亦不 過悲觀 
而已矣 

Note 1. Choa-', here a relative govern- 
ing the entire phrase. 
Note 2. Ming:;, to close the eyes, dim. 
Nott 3 Ti,ng4, contraction of 動不 
動, cor.stantly. 

General note Tliis accords with the 
distinctior tiiadt by the 新 爾雅, 
whict ir defining wbrld-weariness 
say, W 人 生之欲 g ?, 不能滿 ?lL, 苦 

識力 有限, 穀力不 足.. -. 



愤常續 不斷. 因 而否定 ( 42 ) 世 界之生 存者, 謂之 厭世主 

"World-weariness consists in holding that tbe desires of human life 
can never be gratified, and in taking a melancholy view of its 
prolongation, aud hence deciding in the negative tlie question of 
to be or not to be." Pessimism is thus defined ; J^itt A 之 暴動, 皆 
無意識 (26). 而 Pg 於苦 境者, 謂之悲 齦主義 Tessiraism consists 
in holding that the affairs of men are managed with utter lack of 
judgment, and hence falling into despondency regarding them." 



德育併 有意志 情感二 方面, 
普通 知識, 非 盡由生 而知, 



His discernment was limited, and his fortitude was not up to 
the mark. 

Moral training involves both the will and the sensibilities. 
All-round wisdom is not only innate, but also comes from 

是添 寧而得 education. (Woman's Educational Daily.) 

女子 所以 不能 生利, 並不 The reason why women cannot earn their living is not be- 
是生 尚丧殘 * ~ * 抵 是會 cause they by birth belong to the defective classes, l)ut be- 
慣丄 ■ 远了 這種术 能生禾 Ij cause by habit they have wonted themselves to this state of 
的 5f 格 ineptitude. 

女子生 計 的有 g 力, plit 然充 Woman's capacity for earning her own living being ample, 
*^£,獨立的資格, 就有 g 完全, her qualifications foi independence can be perfect; her qnali- 
獨 立白勺 資格, 旣然 完全, 平 fications for independence being perfect, the foundations for 
權的基$^,(36)^^^^擎固:31),^61 obtaining equal rights can be firmly laid. 

* 不 侵權禾 1 便 合共和 程度, Not toiwsurp rights, that is the standard of Republicanism, 
卽成完 全人格 that is the attaining to model manhood. 

Amplification of Art. 3, of Genera 乙 Objects of Socialistic Association. 
舊 法律恒 以 國家或 家族爲 The old laws always regarded the kingdom or the family as 
主位, 而於 個人 自由, 多所 sovereign, and the liberty of the indivithial was largely sac- 



Lesson ao. 



NEW TKRMS2 



43 



樣牲 :K 徹底 改裒, 認個人 lificed. These laws should be wholly set aside and reformed, 

爲? M: 會之' 4( 純分午 (30)、 認 acknowledging the individual as the unit of society, and 
* 社會 個人之 直接圃 體, society as directly composed of an aggregation of individuals, 

A^J^lX'!^— 家 或家生 而 All regulations safeguarding the state or the family at the 
*)t5^r!v 11^ A^^t4^ (40) 悉拿 expense of the individual, should be entirely abolished. 

除之 Note 1. Pao' change, a defense; to defend. 



LESSON XX. 



Religion. 

Part L Organization and Forms of Beuhf and Unbelief. 



Vocabulary. 



Tsung^ chiao^. Religion. " 
― 神 /* shcn^ chiao^. Monotheism. 
草#叙 Ch'iin^ shen^ c/"ao~K Polytheism. 
JPJ'l'iiR shen^ p'ai 气 Atheists. 

H 观 i2 |2 p,ai4. Skeptics. 
Hl^fl'-?' Sfii^ yien^ che^ hsiie^. Positivism. 
唯 八!, rSr H,ei: li'^ /〃《4. Rationalism, 
(•fe^^.f^ IVei- 7c'i" Materialism . 

招魂^^( CViaa' hun' tang^. Spiritualists. 
! M ― 神會 Ch'utr j' shen^ hwei^. Unitariaiiism. 
if 救 iii 會 ckiu、 tao4 hzvei^, Universal- 

ism. 

^if^HVc Shen^ mi4 chiao^. Mysticism. 
命,; "fir 5'w4 tning'^ lutf^. Fatalism. 
孔 tic 會 chiao^ hwei<, Confucian 
church. 

* ytik Hzvang^ chiao^, Lamaisin, Buddhism. 
其 ti: Ck'""ji clten^ chiao^. Mohammedan- 



Fetishism. 



(iJtt /♦ chiao^. Heresy. 

f^i^lik 簡4 

IVu^ shen^ chiao^. 

K-/^\&> Clicny^ t'ung^ />'iir*. Orthodoxy. 

1(1!^ Yie^ chiao^. Christianity. 

Wik Kzvoa^ chxao^/ State church. 

2f: ft" Cliai^ hwciK Mission Board, home base. 

'ftoiUfr 尸'" hwei^. Mission Board, for- 
eign missionaries. 
*ffti" P'" i<^o^ tiv'an^. Missionary Society, 
Auxiliary iu school or college. 

ft ^ Hwei^ chie^. Sects, denominations. 

Note. With one or two exceptions, the following 

names cannot be called new , but they may be con- 
venient to 扉 ome, 

来 ®fr Lai^ /w4 hwei^. Advent Christian 
Mission . 

、 &J'll& Kuny^ li^ hivei^, American Board, 
Cougregatioual Church or MLisiou. 



Mission. 



Baptist Church ot 



信 f(S^ 道部 C7n>|4 /","4 cWwan^ 
Baptist Mission U.S. (south). 

巴色會 P<^^ se^ hzveiK Basel Mission. 

fS^f?'^ Hsin"^ W t'cmgs. Berlin Missionary 
Society»- 

內地會 iVW4 ti^ hzvei-^. China Inland Mission. 
£Lifi.# Hsi'ten^ taoA hwei< Christian aud 
Missionary Alliance. 

基督? i: 公會 tu^ /,"2 kimgi hwei 夂 Chris. 

li.in Mission. 
Ili!t^afl 福? 1: 會 了"' ian^ fu' yin^ *wH 

Church of Scotland Alii^sicni. 
基 if 敎& Ch" tn^ clitaa^ hivex^. Foieigu 

Christian Missionary Societv. 
術 Jff 會 Hsiin-li^ hzvelK Free Metliodist Mission. 
Kzvei^ kc- hcei^. iMieuds' Mission, 
(translit^atiou of Quaker). 
公 IS 會 KuHif i- hivciK Friends' Foreign 

Mission. 

同甚會 Tung^ sltan^ hzvei'^. General Protes- 
tant Mission of Gennauy. 
fiS 忍會 Hung^ en^ hzvei-^, Hauge*s Synodes 



中难 雄公會 Chumf hwa^ sheng^ kung^ hzvci^, 
liuly Catholic Church in Cliina, (iiKidc 
、,p of Church of Kiigland Mission or 
Anglicau, Canadian Church Mission and 
American Churcli Mission). 

倫牧會 Awn- ru;t* hwci^. London Mission. 

/.«•♦ tc^ hxvei-^. IvUtheraii Missiou ox 
Church. 

实 W 美會 Mci^ ,'3 fuei^ hzvci-^. Metliotlisi Kpis- 

t opal Cliincli or Mission. 
KJB 公會 C7nVH» W hung' hwi\ The ^ame, 



46 



新名詞 



Lesson 20, 



英 r/"^7' li'vci'^. Canadian Metho- 

dist Mission. 

信转會 Hsm^ |4 hu'eK Norwegian Mission- 
ary Society. 

基何敎 fillifili 螽 Chi' /"I chiao'i pao^ hwei^ 

sliV hicei-^. Pentecostal Mission. 
長老會 Cluing^ lao^ hwei^. Presbyterian 

Church or Mission. 
歸正敎 Kwci、 chcng^ chiao-^. Reformed 

Church (American). 
復 會 ch'ui hzvei-^. Tlie same (U.S.I. 
約老會 i^wc^ lao^ hwe". Reformed Piesby- 

terian Mission, 
jjft 贤會 厶 1.3 hsien- hwei-^. Rhenish Mission. 
S 主敎 T'ten^ cliu^ chiaoK Roman Catholic 

Church. 

協同 會 Hsie2 t'ung- hwei^. Scandinavian 

Alliance Mission. 
安. &日會 2 "I hsi: j'i^ /iw'^iV-Se veiith Day 

Adventist Mission. 
顧昔會 F;*2 yin^ htvei^. Sotuh Chihli Mission. 
* 信會 C7'iw4 hsin^ hwei^. Swedish Baptist 

hHssiou. 

3^ 典會 Shui^ tien^ hwei^, Swedish Mission. 

ffii# Hsing^ tcJ04 hzvei^. Swedish Ameri- 
can Missionary Society. 

遵道會 Tsun^ tao4 hu'eiA. United Evangelical 
Church Mission. 

同寅會 T'ung- yin- htvei^* United Brethren 
ill Cluist. 



&堂 Shaiff^ taoWani^'. IJiiHed iVk-tliodist 

Cluircli Mission. 
循 ifi 會 Hsiin-^ tao'^ .Wesleyan Mission* 

<i! y vSociety, 
女公會 kung^ Invei^. Woman's Uuion 

Mission. 

染經會 Shcng^ ching^ hwei-^. American Bible 

― Society, 

染"^ 公色 Shcng^ shu^ kung^ /m'*?R British 

;tnd Foreign Bible Society. i 
(SS [學含 Kzvancp hsi'ic^ hivei^- Christian Litera- 'V 
、、 tnre Society. 

福#^盟 Fit- yin^ i'lmrj^ twettgr^. Evangelical 
A-Uiaiice. 

藥敎^ 局 Shcng'^ chiao^ shu、 chii-. Religious 

TiMct Society, (Central and West China). 
華 4t 宵會 Hzva2 pei、 shu^ Invei^. The same, 

( North China). 
救 Ifr 軍 Chi "A sh'i^ chiin\ Salvation Army. 
il^fiKiSlS yung^ /)«4 tao^ fivan-. Student ^ 

Volunteers (for ministry). 
靑年會 Ch,higi nien- IxTvei^. Young Men's 

Christian Association. 
婦女 靑年會 fu^ niiS cliing^ nien^ hwe'A 

Young Women's Christian Association. 
宗敎 聯合會 Tsmg〜 chiao^ lien^ hP hwei^. 

Universal Religion Society. 
中 國主曰 學&^ Chiing^ kwoCr chu^ j'i^ hsiie- 

hc~ Irwei^. China Sunday School Union. 
勉攝螽 il/!>«3 /|'4 醫 '4. Christian Endeavor 

Society. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Reform, organization and federation, the 
new ideas controlling the thought of the 
nation, have had their influence even in the 
sphere of religion. It is impossible in the 
limits of this chapter to more than hint, in 
the extracts, at the way these new ideas affect 

'參 議院之 討論宗 敎問題 〇 
鄭萬 nj^ 問中 國應用 何種宗 
敎, 是 否另訂 一條, 有一 
委員 答曰, 五族 共和, 而 
蒙回 蔵各冇 宗教, 蓋宗敎 
分穆極 ff'f 極:、 1\日俄 之戰, 
日 本受佛 敎益, 屬 蒙回葳 
之教、 旣^ 能 取消, 宜益 
之以愛 [tl®,til 此 非敎育 
不可, 萬 膽曰, 欧府之 



the three religions of China. Passages relat- 
ing to religions founded on the worship of 
God will be given ui the uext cbapter, 
irrespctive of whether they lontaiii any 
characters found in the lesson. 
Discussion in ths National Assembly Regaroing Re- 
ligion. Ch^ng Wan Chan asked what should be the religion 
of China, and whether a law should be framed regulating it. 
A member of the conunittee replied saying, "The five races 
are united, but Mongolia, the Mohainmedau tribes and 
Thibet each have religions of their own. Now religions 
are either positive or negative. At the time of the Russo- 
Japanese war, Japan was (positively) helped by the Riiddhist 
religion. Since we cannot exterminate the religions of Mon- 
golia, the Mohainiuedan tribes and Thibet, these same ought 
to be reeuforced by au infusion of patriotic spirit ; but 



Lksson 20, 



NEW TERMS 



47 



意, 是否重 佛敎, 委 員日, 
五族 平等, 信敎 自由, 就 

^爱警 爷信仰 (2 iV 敏 入以國 

現 在共和 成立, 五族一 家, 

前逢 I! 喇嘛. 誠心內 嚮', 從 

、前 誤解, r! 應招釋 \ 應即 
1§1 封爲誠 化西 天大菩 
自在 3 彿, 以 維持 黄敎, 
驟 5 民國, 同我 太平, 此 



Note 1. Hsiang4, to incline to. 

Note 2. Chiien', to renounce, shH to 
explain. 

Note 3. TsH taai* might equally 



tliis cannot be attained without education." Cheng Wan 
Chan said, "Is it the idea of the Govermnent to support 
Budcilii^in" ? The member of the Committee said, "Tlie five 
races are equal ; there is religious liberty ; but into each form 
of religion should be instilled ideas of patriotism." 
PrEsidEntxal Mandate. Now that the Republic is es- 
tablished, Five Families are in one household. Since the 
ex-Dalai Lama gives his true-hearted allegiance to us, former 
niisunderstaiidiiigs should, of course, be obliterated. We 
hereby restore and confer upon him the title of "the Good 
Happy Buddha of West Heaven, (the Paradise of the Bud. 
^^tzny I , n-u dhists), in order to maintain the religion of Buddhism, to 

1】 render assistance to the Republic, and to extend the enjoy.* 

ment of our peace. (North China Daily News 化 )• 
well be translated self-existent (see Williams Dictionary under 自) • 
Note 4. Ch?, here not a fixed time, but to aim at. 
Note 5. to assist. 



我敎 現處西 山日慕 之時, 
非廣結 则體, 力 立不 

:可, (From Lessons in IVcn-li 
by F. W, Ballefy Copied by per- 
mission.) 



From Speech at Mass Meeting of Buddhists. "Our re- 
ligion is now at the time of the going down of the sun (on 
the decline), and nothing but organization on a wide scale, 

and strenuous efforts will be of any avail." 



Society for the Propagation of the Doctrines of Coni?ucius and Menciui. 

二學會 O, 孔孟 以來, Since the days of Confucius and Mencius, two thonsand years 

, ngo, their doctrines have lived in name, but not in reality ; we 

have the counterfeit, but not ibe true If Confucius 

and Mencius were to arise from the dead, they would say, 
"These are not my disciples.'* (Here follows account of 
fonuatiou of society) The society has unanimously de- 
cided to elect as President the Most Holy Duke K'ung hing 

I Now that a Republican foriu of government has 

been established, the relationship of Monarch and Minister 
lias been abolished, but it lins been decided that the re- 
lationship of Heaven and M:ui takes its place iu tlie "Five 
Human Relationships," and this being the case, the Five 

Relationships still remain As regards the principles 

advocated by the Socialists, we do not need to attack tliein ; 
nor do we need to recklessly defame other religions, as the 
Cluistian, the Mohammedan, the Buddhist and the Taoist. 

and younger brother, husbaiul and wife, friend aii'l friend. These, 
handed down from the lime of Yao, were at the time of Confucius 
lioary with an antitiuity of nearly a niilleniiiin and a lialf of years. 
It is r.otowortliy that ihis change in tlie Five Rclatioiishijis is the 
same as tliat proposed by tlic Christian Sage, Martin, in Ins livi- 
dcnccs of Christianity. ' 
Note 0. TiJ, tu calumiuate. 
Note 7. Fci^, to slander, to defame. 



孔孟正 

二千 餘年, 其'; g 有名無 赏, 
得其 偽', 失其 孔孟復 
生. 必曰 非吾徒 也.. .木曾 
排: 恶總 i'P.— 人, 擬 公同推 
^衍^ 公孔令 Pir' 先生爲 
總理 國 成立、 政體共 
和, 其? 1: 臣 一綱. 已£'>^^ 
滅, 至 !W 擬' 以天人 
代君 El. 如此 12 定 JI 五偷 5 

仍 如, fii.fr^ 之 主張, 

7T 愤不必 fl!U(【i 耶 Ril 
釋; 教, 亦 勿妄加 誹普 

Note I \\' J, falso, 、、M,iUerfeit. 
Note ―' 'i 1 :", superlluous, abundant. 
Note 1 • . - lK'i[ucath, K'ung Uinjj 
It tinea I (W"'n.!ai" of Confucius. 
Note 4. P, to decide upon. 
Note 5. Tlic five Rclalionsliips ^ 
臣, 父子, 兄 失 MUDj 友, Monnich 
and Minister, father and son, cider 



48 



詞名新 



孔敎會 發起人 (3?) 壬人文 
等, 呈司 法部 丼簡章 (42) 

各件, 請核' 辦等 因', 業 3 由 
該 部准予 4 立案 5 

Note L He^ here meaning to ex- 
amine into. 

Note 2. Teng3 yin', often used in 
legal and other documents to sum up 
w,iat has gone before, ― all things 

# 孔 敎會開 辦簡穿 :〇 一定 
名 ,〇 本會定 名爲 孔教會 

&二 宗旨, 〇 本會以 昌明孔 
敎救濟 社會爲 宗旨. 

-五 會員, 〇 凡誠心 信奉孔 
敎 之人. 無 論何敎 何種何 
國, 皆得 墳具願 書', 由介 

紹 人介紹 (34) 入會 

六會務 ,〇 本會 會務, 分講 
'"習 與推 行兩部 (甲) 講習部 
內分 四類, [子 2] 遞學 1丑] 
理學 力3), [寅 j 政畢, (卯」 文 
學 (乙) 推行 部內分 四類, 

[子】 敫; 敎 道化民 ), [丑] 

養正 ( 拜聖讀 經), [寅 j 執 
鱧 (者 正 4 f 谷), [卯] 濟衆 
(仁民 愛物; 

Note 1: T'ien', to fill up; chu^, to 
place in order; yiien* shu', paper 
witji printed vov', to be filled in with 
name of person {40) 
Note 2. The characters of the 12 
branches, tzi^, ch'ou^, yin", inao3 &c. 



The promoters of the Confucian Church, Wang Jen W^n and 
others, have unitedly presented to the Board of Justice their 
regulations, requesting theiu to examine them and act upon 
the matter; and that Board has already given a decision 
authorizing its foundation, 

having a common source. 
Note 3. Yic*, already. 

Note 4. Vii' here used in the sense of 與 y"^ to gi、e. 
Note 5. Li* an*, to come to a decision, to put on record 

Regulations of the Confucian Church. ^ 

1, Name. This society is called the Confucian Church, 

2. Object. Its object is to advance the Coufucian religion 
and regenerate society, 

5. Members. Whoever believes m the Confucian teaching, 
110 matter what his religion, race or country, may receive and 
fill out a blank for recording his wish, and on being recom- 
mended may join the society. 

6. Business. The business of the society shall embrace two 
depai tments ; ― instruction and practical work. i. Instruc- 
tion is divided into four branches ; 一 a. Classics, b. Philosophy, 
c. Government, d. Literature. ii, Practical work is divided 
into four branches : ― a. giving iustruction, (preaching the 
doctrine to elevate mankind), b. cultivating correct principles 
(worshipping the Holy, and reciting Classics), c. encouraging 
decorum (examining into the subject of decorum and reform- 
ing customs), d. benefitting the masses, (exercising bene, 
volence to man and kindness to beast). 

are used to indicate subdivisions, as the more commonly used ten 
steins, chia3, &c., indicate divisions. 

Note 3. Fu', to announce, to diffuse. 

Note 4. Cheng* is here used as a verb, to rectify. 



LESSON XXI. 



Pan II. 



法敎 CAw.3 ch[ao t. Bishop. 
牧 6|i Mu4 sh'iK Pastor, minister, Rev. 

士 Chiao^ sli'i^. Minister; evangelist. 
執事 Ch'P sh'i^. Deacon. 
女會吏 Nit^ hwei-^ li^. Deaconess. 
♦1^ 道先生 Ch\\,an^ tao^ hsien^ sheng^, Evau- 
gelist. 

ii^ifi/cdb Ch'zvan iao^ nu^ sh'i^. Bible wouiati. 



Religion. 
Officials Ordinances &c. 
Vocabulary. 

長老 Change hoi Elder. 
素 A Su-^ jen\ Layman. 
, 督 itE C7"i /w' ru-. Christian. 
- ti^^i Chi-^ ming- Probationer. 
、敎& Chiao-^ yhi'^. Church member. 
詠詩班 Yung^ shi' pan、.- 1 choir 
* 樂班 Yin^ yiie-^ panK / • 
支金 CVii'i hwei-^- Individual rhurch. 



LRsnoN 21. 



NEW TERMS 



49 



會 Ch'nt Invei^. Session. 
fjtf TV fm'eK Presbytery, 
Ta^ /nm'4. Synod. 

Tsiing^ hivei^. General Assembly (Pres. 
Church); General Conference (M. E. 
Church). 

乙 ing2 c!"e4. Spiritual Matters. 
Ung2 yii^. Spiritual culture. 
Chu^ hsin^. The faith, 
fei: 告問答 Chiao^ hwei^ zven-^ ta^. Catechism. 
f,i0 ching^. Confession of faith, creed. 

Ifsin、 ching\ ts'oa> yao\ Crml. 
- 信仰 Hsin^ yang^. Faith, belief, respect, con- 
fidence. 

JtP^ K'zvan^ ntin^. Broad or liberal as in 
Theology or belief, 



大(^ 

m 



s 界 



事鬥 
Vim 



都 H'Y Ching^ shP 



Narrow in the same sense. 
Superstition, 

V Private devotions. 

Quiet hour. 



ShoH^ ch'cn^ kcng\ To keep the 
Morning Watch, (early devotions). 
ff'f''!'f?|ct slien- sh'i-^. Ceremony, cult, 
^-T^ STH shou^ li\ Ordination. 
信 jfS Chicn^ hsit" /!•'!. Confirmation. 
—浸 lis Chin^ li^. Immersion in distinction from 
洗隨, baptism by sprinkling or pouring, 

解徑 ISt Chie、 ching' lun^. / sermon. 

j^ r^ T? m"4. Text. , , 

祝 福 Chu^ /"2. Benediction ; to prouounce a 

benediction. 
主 n 學 Chu3 hsile^. Sunday School. 
"It 系 7.6^ Ch'a^ chi"gi pan^. Bible class. 
戦42^究# Shcng^ ching^ yien^ chiu^ hwei^. 
Tlie same. 

會 Tao3 kao^ hwei^, , 
t4^M^ Ch? tao^ hzvei^. 
公祈 Kung^ ch、i2. \ 
11^ Fen^ hsing^ Im'e". 
泣^ 會 "^'(4 hsing^ hwei"^. 
後活節 hwod^ chie2. 
I6yt、 Sheng^ tan^^, Christinas, 
tt 镇 Lien"^ yw^. Purgatory. 



Prayer Meeting. 

I Revival Meeting. 
Easter. 



大 同新佛 敎簡章 〇 釋迦' 
傳 印度, 耶穌. 天主, 基 
督 -', 淸錢. 來自歐 柬西, 我^ 
,1 無 國敎. 今國政 ^可取 
" 法而^ 之, 宗敎 獨不可 
改^ 而進化 耶', 况 吾阔固 
K 有儒 教, 不 過世人 多以誠 

' fi1]nM 者爲 t;'; 教 儒教不 
臂 祌造, 不能; 完全之 
宗敎, 今不 論儒教 是非宗 
敎. 亦不論 何 敎來自 何國, 
但以 時势^ Si. 人文; 進化, 
物 剛叨. 政 改 'Yi 
而論, 而>, 教亦不 能不隨 
時勢 打所^ 而改 A'': 之, 
又以 吾國人 多敝所 U 仰 

Note 1. Shi** cilia', an abbreviation ot 
fT4' 牟尼 shi^-chia'-mu^-ni' or Sak- 
yaniuni, ihe founder of Buddhism. 
Note 2. This Chi tu in disiiiiclion 
from the Ye sii, refers to Uic new 
"Christian Church in China", 



illustrations. 
Regulations of the Gkkat United New Buddhist 
Church. The Buddhist religion came from India ; the Pro- 
testant, Catholic, Christian and Mohammedan from eastern 
and western Europe. Our nation has originally no state 
religion. In matters of government we can change to accord 
with accepted practice. Is, it only in matters of religion that 
we are not to have revolution and progress? Furthermore, 
China has from of old the Coufuci.ui icligion ; but since men 
only recognize that as a religion which holds some theology, 
Confucianism, which makes no mention of theolog^y, cannot 
claim to be a perfect religion. But setting aside the question 
as to whether or no Confucianism is a religion, as well as the 
question of the origin of each religion, and speaking only of 
adaptation to changing- conditions, there is advance in 
civilization, there is enlargement in physical science, there 
is revolution in government, and religion also cannot hut 
adapt itself to circumstances aud change with the rest. 

Note S. Ch'fl* f 凰,, to adopt methods. 

Note 4. \ ic*, here used in wcii-li sense, as a iiiterrogntive particle 
\m[)\\ wg n negative answer. 

Nolc 5. Jen' 、v6u"*, abbreviation of 人 ^ 的文 f 匕. 
Note G. Sliait^, to expand, to make piuiii. 



99 、- 、 v- 



新名詞 



.KSSON 21* 



者 儘釋; §• 二敎 而已, 三 Then again, speakiBg; only of the three religions held by the* 
敎跌爲 S^"^ ★ 人所信 majority of the nation, from the ordinances and codes of 
仰 、即以 此二 a 之立? ^行 these three rdigioHS, by combination and adaption, a new 
A 而 设!^ 更、 之 religion should be formed, called the Great Union New Bud- 
"fr 佛敎 以 i dhist religion, which in form should be the embodiment of 

一:^ 4^, 化工 1' &少 :、S 《虽 all the sacred conceptions of the five continents, and in prac- 
S8 n ~r Hi S-m tice should employ the disciplined refinement and universal 

,kf 4^ n usage of the five contiueuts. As to the old order of Buddliist 

^ m vKfT. % ^^^^ •> and Taoist priests and nuns, they also must put off the old 
爲用 i/ 所冇一 七刀! p_ ^器 and put on the new; and uniting with the rest of mankind/f 
道厅: i、 彼等 亦必棄 籠更新 ' must practice good works. Thus the nation gaining a couiit- 
輿人 爲善. 如此 國豕即 得 less number of those belonging to religious orders, will 
無數新 敎徒. 分担 敎化^ divide with them the burdens of civilization. This would in 
貴, 此 實爲五 族共禾 U""t 教 very deed be the amalgamation of the five races, the union of 
合併, 新 國家之 新光榮 / the seven religions, a new glory to the new nation. 

節錄北 京新報 • Extract from the Peking Hsin Pao. ' 

* 世界宇 敎會暫 定簡章 O Regulations of the Universal Religion. 

― 命 I 本會 定名" St 界宗 I' Name. The name of this church is the Universal 

敎奮 Religion Church. • 

—宗旨 聰合 各敎' 2. Objects. To unite all religions, to seek for ultimate 
至理, ilS^M^) 牙' ij 湊生 truth, to cultivate morals, aud to improve the economic coii- 
^ ' ditioii of the people. 

會務 (甲 各 ^k^l^ 3 Work. a. To establish lecture bureaus, t. To found 
W (乙, 宗 敎學堂 (?^ ) religious schools, c. To establish libraries, d. To establish a 
^^室 -館 1 設备 * 經 bureau of iutercommuuicafion between all religions. 

^流 a 所 -'' 

四會員 凡 有宗敎 知識及 4. Members. Whoever has religious knowledge and 

9 *B qfr f5'(CP 不分 ideas, or whoever has a religious belief, without distinction 

^ISm lil-^ " 'fK^^ WtSniTJ of sect, may become a member of the church on being 

^ Bn^i?S mmwii< inhoduced by a member and acknowledged by an officer of 

可' 即 传入曾 - the church. —― 

Kote L .TV shir kw.an3. may be _ , , , , , " , 丄 . , . , . , 

either a place for collecting iUut- -ote 2. Ching' tien3 liu^ t ung^ soa3, a place through which scriptures 

trat«d books, or a library. and canons flow. 

片中華 民國基 督敎會 現行簡 Extracts from Regulations of the Christian Church 
^ IN China (fixed by representatives meeting in Peking-, As 

年 * this churcli, composed of the evangelical Christians in China, 

is not yet fully organized, some changes may be made later.) 
Name. The Christian Church of a given place. 



一 名稱, '某處 基督敎 會.. . 

二 宗旨遵 依上帝 之言, 宣 
傳救 世福音 



Object. To fulfil 
of salvaliou. 



the com 111 aud of God to preach the gospel 



Lesson 22. 



NEW TERMS 



51 



四 敎徒, 篤信 主道, 確無 
l«g 好 慕)' Qiil! 名後, 考受 
洗 禮者, 認 爲敎徒 

Note 1. Shi* to have an appetite for, 
sensual, hao^, to desire. 

北 tusk, 肉 新正月 一號, 
天 ifmi 放十 n, 各敎 

17 糸 R 織之佈 迢剛. 趁此 菩機. 

^借) t 年 殿', 宣傳福 音.. -. 

Note 1. Ch? nien- ticn**, Temple of 
Prayer for a Prosperous Year, the 
temple with blue-tiled circular roof, 



Members. Those who truly believe in the doctrine of the 
Lord, and are not addicted to any vice, after entering their 
names as those loving the doctrine, aud being examined and 
baptized, will be acknowledged as members. 

Prkaching the Gospel in the Temple of Heaven. 
A Peking correspondent says that from the first of the first 
month, the Altar of Heaven was open for ten days, and thfit 
Student Volunteers of all deuominations embraced this 
golden opportunity to preach the Gospel at the Temple of 
Heaven. 

called by foreii^ners the Temple of Heaven, 



LESSON XXII. 

Education. 
Part I. General Plan. 
Courses of Study, Plant, Personellk, 



Education. 
t'ing^ ckiaoA yii^ 



Domestic 



fi; 育 Chiao、 yii^, 
家 庭敎育 Chia' 
ediicalioii. 

iiJ: 會 ftlY ^S'/i^'* hzvei^ chiao"^ yil"^. Social educa- 
tion. 

舉校敎 It Hsiie2 hsiao4 chiao* School 
education. 

W^VC^ Ch'iang^p'oa^chiao'^ yu^, CompuN 
sory education. 
及 Jiff P ,"? c/ir chiao^ yitK Universal 
education, 

^通 敎靑 尸'" 3 fung^ chiao^ yii**. Elemcnlary 
effucatron. 

智育 C/"4 yii-^. Intellectual culture or train- 
ing- • . . 

體育 T'p yfi4. Phy'sical culture or training. 

1^]^ TP yii^. Moral culture or training. 
Hsiie^ hsiao^^. School. 

S-Vt^^^f^ Kitng^ hsiic- hsiaoK Public school. 

ig* 立牟 f"^ Slicng^ "4 hsi'te- hsiao、. Provincial 
school. 

(If: 立學 Hjien^ li^ hstie^ hsiaol County 
sciiool. 

鄉立 平校 Hsia,,gi hsiic- lisiao^. District 

school. 

私 立學校 Si^ '""'2 hsi(W、. Private school, 
(new lines). 

Si、 shu^. Private school, one teaclier 
( o\i\ lines). 

改 HtA^f?; Kai3 Hang- sV shir. Same, luodern- 

SiK^P 校 Mang- ya^ hsiie^ hsiao 夂 School for 
bliud aud deaf. 



I 半日 校 Pan* j'i^ hsiie2 hsiao^. School with 

half-day session. 
半夜 i!?^ 校 ran'* yic-^ hsiic-- lisiao^. Niglit school. 
幼 園 Yiu^ cn'i^ yiten^, Kindero;nrfen. 
•J^ ^ M^ng' yang^ yuen\ Same ; Primary 

school. 

^句 l^/gj^ Kivoa~ min- hsile- kstao\ Primary 
school. 

等小 ^校 K'ao^ tcng'' hsiao^ hsii^ hsiao\ 

liUcnneiliate school, 
中 《M5 C/! ,tsiic 、- h$iao\ Middle or High 

School, Academy. 
frl'IS^tx ShV hsitc- hsmo、. Xoriiial 

School. 

K 义嗜校 5' 力 r J/? hsiie- hsiao\ School of 

'reclinolo^y. 
工 《^校 Kitng^ yie^ hsiie^ hsiao\ The same, 
Industrial School. 

高? 校 iC'" 才 hsiic- hsiiw\ College. 

人 7 a-* hsiie^. University. 

大學院 Ta^ hsiie^yiicn^. Post-graduate course 
IJsiic- Ic'cK Dkpartmknt or course. 

jEfffJicff T,""g、 sir chiao^ yii^. Simple in- 
struction for atiult beginners. 

; (fi?? 科 尸〃 W"i-' fe't;'. Class for making up 

插 61 生 Ch'a^ pan^ slicihfK Scholars entering 
•class .ilrcady formed. 
Hsiien^ k'eK Elective 。、'u-se. 



特班 



T、" f>an^ 



1 Special course ― 
> studies outside 
J regular course. 



82 



新名詞 



Lessow 22. 



本科 
文科 
理科 
法科 
酹科 



速赚 5«4 ck-eng^ pan', j ^:^^ 
預科 Fw4 k'eK Preparatory course (in Univer- 
sity). 

Pen^ k、 £'、 Regular course. 
ll'en- k'P. Literary or Arts course. 
Li^ k'e^. Scientific course. 
Fa^ k'e^. Legal course 
P k,£i. Medical course. 
商科 Shang^ k、£、 Commercial course. 
農科 Nung^ k'e^. Agricultural course. 
工科 Kung^ k,P* Industrial or Technical 
course. 

1^ 科 Kung^ fcV. Mining course, 
ffi 禾 } 厶 k4 k'e^. Civil engineering course 
l^pfc^^ Mci^ shu'^ k'eK Art course. 
音!^ 拉 Yin' yiie^ k'e\ 

外國; S 科 kwod^ 
foreign languages. 

AH the above names of special courses may be 
chaiiG^ed into the name of the school or college 
where the work is performed, by dropping the 
科, and adding the characters 專 PS 寧校 or 皋 
In tliat case 法 becomes 法政, 舉 is added 
to 錢, and 業 is added to 農, 工 and 商. 
Thus we have 政軒 屮學校 &", Sometimes 
two may be combined as 路"6|^?^校, School of 
Engineering and Mining. 
舉校 [9 Hsiie^ hsiao-^ yiien^. 
court. 

體操填 T'l^ tsao' chmgl 

rade ground. 
舉舍 Hsiie- she^. School-house. 
敎室 ChiaoA sh'iK 
課堂 K'i^ rang', 

實驗室 Shi- 3^>"4 jAH. Laboratory. 
堂 U3 t,aHg2, Assembly hall, chapel. 



Music course. 
Course iu Electricity. 
y«3 k'ii. Course in 



Recitation or class room. 



School yard or 
Drill-ground, pa. 



Dormitories. 



i& 考文庵 Tsan^ k,ao3 ivcn- k'u^. Reference 

library. 

修室 TsiA hsiu^ shvK I Study room, 
li 卜— i— 賺. 

-资宿 1^ C7"4 sH^ shc^. 
jg 室 Ch'iH3 shi^, 
ik fi^ Chiao^ yU^ hwei"^. Board of Education 

in province, town &c. 
奮事部 '户 少 3 j/ti4 户" 4. Board of Managers. 
校艮 Hsiao^ change. Rector, Chancellor oi 

President of University. 
學長 Hsiie^ change. Dean of department, 

IS ClTavl'Xn^'- } Pr。fess。r' teacher. 
g/j^it2 Chii^ chiaoA shouA. Tutor. 
講師 Chiang^ shV . Lecturer in any depart- 
ment. 

名资 M ing^ yii^. (used before word for pro- 
fessor), emeritus, honorary 

評議會 P''>»i7 2 hrvei^. vScnnle of Univct- 
sity. 

敎控會 Cliiao^ shou^ hwei^. Faculty. 

請座 Chiang^ tsod-^. Professorship, "chair" 

of any branch. 
舉員 Hsile- yiien-. Scholars, pupils, students, 
購活生 Shan-^ SH^ shcng^, 1 Boarding pupils oi 
> ^食生 Chii^ slii' shcng'\ | sttideiits. 
走 生 Tsou^ iir shcng^ Day pupils. 
錄 -^:^ P V'V4 shcng^. Undergraduates. 
畢 i 生 Pi-* yie^ shcncf. Graduates. 

Lin^ hsiie^. Students who go «»broad 

in study. 

大 學院生 hsi'te- yiien-^ sheng^. Fellow of 
Universily. 

男 女同投 Nan^ nii^ fung^ hsiao-^. Coeducation. 
招生 Chao^ sheng^. To summon scholars. 
IS 慕新生 C/iao ' "m4 hyin^ sheng^. The same. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

8 包到 日 木, 不 拘何種 學堂, 丄 liey are off for Japan, and take a six months special course 
入六涵 f] 速成 班. 就算束 in any kind of a school. Then they count as graduates from 
洋留 學畢業 , . . .' Japan- 

> 普及敎 育, 促' 進文明 之禾呈 To extend educatiou will quickly raise the standard ofciv- 

度 ilization. 

Note 1. Ts'ii-*, urgent. 

女子與 男子, 自 高等萬 P3 In everything below advanced special courses, women should 
以卞, 應該 施卒⑩ 的教育 receive the same instruction as inea. 



Lbsson 22. 



... NEW TERMS 



53 



Pkking Women's Law School-Notice of Special Entrance Examination. 

京師 女子法 政學校 招考揷 This institution has been running now for one term, but the 
生廣吿 O 本 校蘭拿 6 慮 number of scholars not being complete, it is decided to hold 
~ ^學劝 (23) lil 入數 fiij" 未足 ail examination for those wishing to join the classes. 

額, 現' 撩 招考揷 迹生若 干名. 

Extracts from Regulations of Board of Education, 
Teaching is a sacred profession ; the life of the uatiou de- 
pends upon it. 



敎 育部令 〇 敎 rr^ 神聖 

(31) 之 事業, 乃國家 生命之 

所存 

小學 校四年 畢業, 爲 義務' 
敎靑, 畢 業後, 得 入高等 
小 學校, 或 f [業 學校, 高等 
小學 校三年 畢業, 畢 業後, 
得入中 學校, 或師範 學校, 
或责業 學校, 小 學校, 及 
高等小 學校, 設铺 習班, 爲 
畢業生 欲升他 校者, 補習 

學課, 兼 爲職業 (40) 上之 

if (備, 均二年 畢業, 中學校 




等師範 學校. 



Note 1. 1> wu4 chiao-* yii**' ― service 
voluntarily rendered in the line of 

敎 ff 部特訂 大學令 二十二 
條 〇 第二 條大學 分爲文 
科, 堙科, 法科, 商科. 醫科, 
農科, 工科 .〇 第三條 大學 
以文 理二科 爲主, 須合於 
左 列各欽 之一, 方 得名爲 
大學, (一) 文理二 科並設 

m, (二) 文科兼 法商 二科 
者, (三) 理科兼 工三 
科或二 科一科 ^,〇 第四 
條大, 設预科 ,〇^ 六條 
大 舉爲研 究, 術之雜 奧', 

設大 舉院. CTbft 十條 大-, 
院生 入院之 格. 爲各科 

-舉 業生, 或?. f 試驗 (231 同 
^,力 :?3- 衣. 〇 第八 條大 

<5&fH4 之修業 (15) 年 乜三 

年或 四年, 預科 三年, 大學 



Course of Instruction. The course in the Primary School 
is for four years, and the instruction is free. After finishing 
this, the pupil enters either the Intermediate School or the 
School of Technology, for a three years course. After graduat- 
ing from this, he enters the Middle (High) School or the 
Normal School ; or (goes on iu) the School of Technology. 
The Primary and Intermediate courses also provide a class 
for making up studies, so that those graduating from these 
courses may make up deSciencies if wishing to entet 
another department, or may prepare for a calling; either 
course occupying two years. The Middle School course 
is for four years, after which graduates may enter the Uni- 
versity, or a Specialized course, or the higher Normal 
School. 

education, hence free. 

Thk University. [Art. {2) The University is divi- 
ded into the Literary, Scientific, Legal, Coniniercial, Medical, 
Agricultural and Industrial Departments. (3) The Univer- 
sity regards the Literary and the Scientific as the leading 
departments, and they must be combined accord iug to one of 
the following methods, in order that the institutiou may rauk 
as a University, (a) Both L,iterary ami Scientific depart- 
ments, (t) Literary with Legal and Coimnercial departments, 
(c) Scientific with one or two of the following : ― Medical, 
Agricultural or Industrial. (4) The University is to provide 

a Preparatory (lepavtuient (6) The University is to 

establish a Post-graduate course for the purpose of searching 
into the more abstruse secrets of learning and art. (7) The 
qualifications for entering the Post-graduate course are 
graduation from any of the departments, or an examination 
showing a similar grade of scholarship. (8) The course in 
each department of the University is three or four years, in 
the l^reparatoiy three years, while no time limit is fixed for 
the Post-graduate course. (la) The University is to have , 



54 



新名詞 



Lesson 23' 



院不 設年限 ,〇 第 十二條 
大學 設校長 一人, 總轄大 
學全部 事樣, 各科 設學長 
—人, —牛持 2 —科事 務〇第 
十 四條大 學遇必 要時, 得 
延聘' 講師, 〇 第十 八條大 
學各科 各設敎 授會, 以敎 
授 ^錢 

"臨時敎^^之意耍問题第二 
〇 西洋 學校, 均拜 耶穌, 中 

lil! 學校, 均拜 孔子, 日本 
則取 無宗敎 主穀, 中國學 

校, 是否 須注重 (39) 宗敎, 

或專敬 孔子, 均爲 國民精 

神 上之大 問題, 亦 待此回 

輿$ 內敎 育家, 共同 研究, 

折衷 至當' 

Note 1. Che^ chung', split in the 



President to direct all the affairs of the University, and each 
department is to have a Dean who will manage the a flairs of 
the department. (14) When the nuiiiber of professors is in- 
sufficient, tutors or lecturers may be used to lighten the 
burdens of the professorship. (18) Each department is to 
hold faculty meetings composed of the professors. 

Note 1. Yiin^ ao*. abstruse mysterie*. 
Note 2. Chu3 ch'", to control 
Note 3. Yicn' p'in*, to invite. 

Important Topics Before the Board of Educatiom. 
Schools ill foreign countries all worship Jesus ; those in 
China worship Confucius ; while in Japan there is no re. 苄 
ligious predilection. Should the schools of China pay at- 
tention to matters of religion, or should they worship Con-* 
fucius exclusively ? These are questions regarding the spirit 

of the people, which must now be investigated by all the 

educators of the nation, in order to arrive at au impartial 

decision. 

middle, to weigh exactly, to tafte the average, chi** tang*, just exactly. 



LESSON XXIII. 

Education. 

FlBti I 夏. PRACTICAL WOBK. 
KXFENSES, TERMS OF STUDY, GRADES, TEXT-BOOKS, 



SCIENTIFIC TERMS 

Ckingi fei4. Running expenses. 

11 Sin' S,-3. I Teacher's salary, (lit. 
M F«.4 hsiH'. / fuel money), 
(^^g Hsiie^ fei< Tuition fees. 
隨 宿践 Shan^ jm4 fei4. Charge for board f 
lodgings. 
HsUe2 ling2 c/i、i\ School age. 
School term. 
Hsiie^ uien^. School year. 
Hsiu^ yie^. Holidays. 

S K^^^shk } Examinations. 

笨述 Pi3 sfu". Written method ; to w. te 

from dictation, 
nij K:,o"3 sfm 乞 Oral method, 
^^/i Hsiie^ li^. Scholarship, attainment'* 
if^ 業 Hsue^ yie^. Scholarship, proficica /. 

Hsiie^ shi^. Knowledge derived $ 



IN COMMON USE. 

搡行 Ts'ao^ hsing^. Deportment. 

成 IS Ch'eng^ chiK Grade of advancement, 
marks for same ; used in connectiou with 
two above, average in; results. 

分數 Fen'^ shu^. The same, confiued to marks. 

升殺 Sheng' chi', 1 t。 be nroinoted 
jm Sheng' panK } 丄 。 promoted, 

轉學 Chwan^ hsue\ To be transferred from 
one school to another. 
學 Twei^ hsiie^. To leave school. 
停班 T'irtff2 panK To be suspended, 
革除 ck,"2. To be expelled. , 
獎勵 Chiang^ Prizes. ' 
畢業 Pt4 3FtV4. To graduate. 
畢業式 yiV4 sh'i^. Graduation exerctsci, 

畢 業證書 yie^ chcny^ shuK \ 

畢 業文憑 yie"^ u't;"2 p'i< J uip'oma^ 

J±ii H.ue^ u>ei4, | I^iterary degrees. 



Lesson 23. 



NEW TERMS 



55 



法 律博士 擊位 Po3 Iu4 poa^ shi^ hsiie^ wei^. 

Degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
Note. Graduates in other courses receive degrees 
made on the sf^nie pattern. 

寧士 Hsile^shi-^. Bachelor, as of Arts, B.A. &c. 

士 了/! shi 夂 Master of Arts, M.A. 
I ^士 slii-^. Doctor as of Divinity, D.D., 

&c. 

Note. This and the two preceding may follow a 
surname as B.A., A.M. or I) D. docs iu Knglish ; 
e.g. J. Mott. D. D. f^fSM' 士. The distinctive 
degrees, as M. D., L L D., Vli. D. &c. may be maile, 
if desired, by prefixing to degree words indicating 
the specialty in question. 

學校; fj^jpiji Hsiie'^ hsiao-^ chincj^ slien-. College 
spirit. 

科學 K'e^ hs/ie-. Natural vScikxck, as dis- 
tinguished from Philosophy and History. 

? n 舉 Li^ hsiie^. Science. 

^U'W^ mi4 k'e^ lisiic'. The exact 

sciences. 

t^U^^y^^ Poa^ wti^ hsiie^. The natural sciences. 
^本 K,S^ pCn\ Text books. 

程 /Tf* ch'aig^. Curriculum. 
科目 /C' 丘' mw**. Studies of curriculum or 
course. 

碟表 K*e^ piao3. Recitation schedule. 

Sheng^ hsileK Acoustics. 
m^Mei^Usiie^ I Aesthetics. 



拖卖學 Shen^ mei^ hsiie-. 
代 5^ Tai^ shu^. Algebra. 
天;^ T'ien^ wen^. Astronomy. 
生物^?^ Sheng' wu^ hs'ue\ I jjj^, 
i7\^^^ Hzi'oa- wu-^ hsiie^. J *=*^* 
flfi%^ CI "2 uni-^ lisiie^. Botany. 
it^i Hzva^ hsiie^. Chemistry. 
^^V: Tien * hs'ue^. Electricity, (as a science), 
lit 界 JS Slii^ chie^ yii\ Esperanto. 
地與 Ti4 yU^, Geography, (sccoiul clmmcter 

also meaning earth in this connection). 
地11^»^ TV* chi^ hsiie^ Geology. 
Mit U4 sh'i\ History. 
齒 1^^ 公法 Kwoa^chi^ kung^ fa^. International 

Law. 

文 Kwoa^ iven^, Languao;e or Literature. 
tfA^ S:van^ hsiie^. Mnthcinalics. 
Wfii}^ 巧 Km— ivu'^ hsiic'. Mineralogy. 
%^ Kzo.vuj^ lisiic 卜 Optics. 
^ii^^ Cliiao^ yw4 hsiie^. \ p , 

I'liiloiophy, sec Lcs. xxvi. 



Rhetoric. 



Ether. 



物理學 «3 hsue^. Physics, Physical 

Science. 
節學 T,i3 ksue^. Anatomy. 
生现學 Sluvu/' li3 hsue'^. Physiolo^. 
定性 分析化 4 Ting^ hsingA fen' hsi' hu'a 為 

hs//e-. Qualitative Analysis. 
定暈分 析化學 T ―、 liang^ fen^ ksi^ hzva^ 

hsile^. Quantitative Analysis 
关辭學 A!e【'"sV/isf"2. 

Hsi"i tsV. 
9ii 物!^ Tiing^ zvu-^ hsue~. Zoology. 

Hsue^ yii^. Technical Terms, ter- 
minology. 

f» &帅界 Chingi shin- chie^. Animate creation, 
赏點 Ch'i^ tienh Atom. 
吸力 Hsii lit Attraction. 
iH^ Jj Chu^ /i4. Caudle power. 
jpKK Yi'(cn~ chK Element. 
微氣 JVci' 
ym /3 rodK 
絕 Cfiiie' chung^. Extinct.. 
天?^ 進化 T^ien^ yien^ chin^ hwa-^. Evolution, 

development theory. 
物 g Wu-^ chK Matter. 
合 ij5 HP tien^. Molecule. 
物 競天擇 ching^ Vien^ chai^. 1 Natural 
每勝劣 fl^ shcng-^ pai~^. J selectiou. 
無孫 IV "2 cliiK Inorganic. 
有機 Yiii^ c!ii、 Organic. 
^MKiip chung^ yiien^ shi^. Origin of 

species. 

器宫 C/i'H kzvanK Physical organ. 

ggjff Ching-^ tsUtn^. Struggle for existence. 

適 S 生存 *S7ii'4 chod^ sheng' tsun-. Survival 

of the fittest. 
係器 /- ch'i4. PnaosopHicAL instruments. 

Note. During the reign of Hsilen T'ung tliia 
first cliaracter was written 儀, because his uauie 
was 游儀. The first character of this name was 
common to all of his jfeueratiou, but the second, 
being his distinctive iiauie, was tabooed when he 
became emperor, aud in comtiiou writing deprived 
of a stroke. On the abolition of the dynasty, it 
was restored to Us original form. 

I>Vf"'?^' ., ! Observatory. 

? '■'""^"'•1 Telescope. 

l^lfStS^ Hsien^ wci^ chintj^. Microscope* 
賺 t'tao 
fiiiSa I/^i' /'iVJ 



• j Magnet, 



Hie half way point being now reached, fuller notes 
will Uke the place of translations 
1. Er'-tung'^ a child. 

a. Chou^-siceiA^ full year of life, counted from birthday » 

not from New Year. 
^ Ts'i4 yj4, uext day, i.e. day after sixth birthday. 

4. Ch,"-hou4, climate, temperature, 

5. CV**-t7i*a*, exaiiiiue. This and the 8U1 note illustrate 
how occasionally the iv^ti-H uses two characters of 
the same meaning forming one dissyllabic word. But 
in the w^n-li, it is not for the object of additional 
dearness. as would be the case in Mandarin, but to 
eomptete euphonr or balance of sentence ; a thing in 
wiH-li more desirable than perspicuity. In these two 
cases, only one character would be used in Mandar in. 

6^ Yiu^-h*e4, good or bad, i.e. quality. 

7. Pien^ chi2, the formation of classes. lo this com- 
bination, the metaphorical sense of the characters is 
consistently carried out,— to braid together threads 
ftrrauged in order. 



8. See note 5. 

9> Chie4, ended, finished. 

10. 輭 CAun4^ finished. 

11. Chi^ kii、 up to required standard. 

12. Lhi' chi», to remain in the same p^dc, without 
being promoted. 

13. " • • • ch'u^ chO divide by, hsue^-K*^' »hu4 
number of studies, pHng^-ohun^ sfiu^ to get the 
general average. 

14. BsuC W3, scientific principle. 

15. Chu4 to make books ; shu^, to translate books. The 
two combined may refer to either. 

16. C flings, here verb, being passed upon by. The idea 
is completed by §8 爲, and fouud or declared to 

be. 

17. 7V2 may, tsun^ chao4 in accordance with, hsue^-wei^ 
HntjA, the decree regartliug degrees, Mhou^ <3, confer 
upon (liim), hsuti^-wei^ a literary degree of highei 
order, the degree of Doctor. 



56 ; 新名詞 Lksson 23. 



As UMIT 、兒 1 滿六週 * 之次 IJIffif 至滿十 四歳止 "凡 

爲學 齡期、 

Terms 各 1 校 以八月 一 日爲學 年之始 、〇 一 學年 分爲三 

學期 、〇 暑 i 休業日 、定爲 三十日 以上、 五十日 以下、 其起止 

日期、 視 地方氣 i 、山 各校自 定之、 

GRADES 畢生 學業之 成績、 分、 爲平時 成績^ 驗〕 成績、 平、 時 

成 1 敎員査 s$ 生 勤惰、 與其學 業之優 、隨 時判定 、〇 

試驗 分學期 試験、 學年 試驗、 畢 業試驗 三種、 前項三 種試^ 

外、 又有入 學及編 ffli^ 驗、 於招募 學生、 及收 1< ,學學 生^ 

行之、 〇 在未! i 畢業 以前、 遇有 一 科目敎 授完! ^時、 得先行 

試驗、 屆畢 業時、 即以 所試驗 之分數 3! 該科目 之畢、 業試驗 

分數 、〇 評定 成績、 分甲 乙丙丁 四等、 甲 八十分 以上、 乙七十 

分以上 、丙. K 寸、 分以上 、丁不 滿六十 、分、 前項丙 等^; ; H 爲及 

格、 丁爲不 及!^ 、及格 者畢業 或升級 、不及 格者留 ^is 級兩 

次、 仍不及 格者、 命其 退學、 學 年各學 科之學 年成績 「總 

分數、 以學科 數除之 、得 平均 總學科 之學年 成績、 

DE2SES 大學各 科學生 、修業 期滿、 試驗 及格、 授以墨 .|^、一?_祖 

書、 得稱學 fTQ 大學 院生、 在院 研究、 有 新發明 ^之學 

重要 7 著 大學 評議、 會、 及該, ^,所 屬某 科之敎 授會、 認 

爲合^ 者 .^,1^ 遵照學 位令、 授以學 ^ 位, 



9 

lo. 



13. 

〖小 
15. 
1 6. 



Notes. 

Picni-chi'4 /u3 the composition method (last word 
QCdA nol appear in translation), shi'-hsinff' fas and 
workings, fa3-i/ucn^ of I he Court. 
KurV tingi fliffers from the man'larin ting4.k'wci、 in 
that more stress is laid on the kuei\ i.e. decided 
according to kttcV or careful plau. 
KaiA i.e. 一概 the whole lot, ju^ causative, like 
Mandarin 給, and need not be translated. 
BV-fa^ chic 為, the legal profession. 
K*aoi-shi* faS, method of examination. 
锞 f/sM, ir^M-Ii equivalent of the mandarin substantive 
verb 是, lo he. 

gjiii here means metropolis, and need not be trans- 
latei^ coalescing with ching^. 
Bh/ny3 here means provincial capital. 
5J 資 Weii yucn't Deputy ; Commissioner. 
/J. , , .f5U3-rAi'*, i3 here used to indicate niake-np, as 
onr word "of '' after a verb "composed of." Tsu3- 
chi^ like "I note 7, shows a consistent metaphor, 
組 stmads of ailk, 纖 wotcd together, i.e. composed 



Ici^, branches, condecged from ^ 門 ^ij Qf. 

Kwan^ coalesces with all three, ― t'u > i* shtA kuan^y 
Judge, chicH4 ch'a^ kican\ Procurator, i^ngS kwan*, 
or similar official. 

ft- Child to combine, chxni-hi^ uniting witb,〜'if« 
cfi" those of like purpose. 
Fangs chao^, after the model of. 
Ku3 tsi4. Raised or embossed type. 

/3 icei^, not to consider as, but to serve as, yu^-pei* 詹 
preparation, Cfii、 for, mou* sh/ng^ earning a liveli 



pu» eri fas min*, the one and only 



18. 



19. 



hood. 

Tungi << 
metbotl. 

7Vai4 ch'ien^ ttungi-changs, the former MinUtcf 
TVfli. 

Ts'i' Chi', laid down offic*. 

Chu^'Chsng^ here used as a noan, project or scheme. 

Sicei' ( /lUMi;' chti, forthwith stopped in the niiHHIe, 
i.e. came lo naught. 

ffV4 /«h4 tsunfjs-chavgi ni^ chU, the present MiuuUf 
Fan has decided to carry ont 
換 fiM. to wait. 



Lesson 23. NEW TERMS 97 



EXAMINATION OF LAWYEl-s OF THE OCX SCHOOL 探? 司 

i 法部以 法院編 制§法 及施行 1:3、 已經 擬訂、 其中規 

一 法官資 格甚嚴 、而^ 、在 已經成 立之審 判廳內 各項法 

一 ITT 不合 資格者 甚多、 若槪 i 、取消 惹 起司法 1^ 之观 # 

&、 特訂 一 舊 法官特 i 考 jsSf 其內容 於京 "陬及 

各 IPT 各設 一 考試委 „1:; 會、 以 M 長 一 人、 委員 机^ 

之、 其考、 試方法 、係 用筆、 述 W 述兩 t 其考試 門新、 係臨 

時約法 、暂行 刑律、 民法、 商^ 等等、 凡舊法 ,不 合編制 

法中法 &资 格, 者、 不論 I::、 充 推事險 察等 fnn 、非 經委員 

會考試 及格者 > 不得留 用、 

SCHC5L 北京設 立:, In 啞學校 〇 今冇 王鶴年 

君、 糾合同 I 心、 f 在北京 地方、 創 1 一 處肓啞 學校^ 招 

盲啞 學生、 倣 西洋敎 法、 P 凸 Ih 課本、 讀書 識字、 並授 

各種 工藝、 以爲 謀生之 预^、 

SCHCS1-.SR ESPERANTO, 世界語 j 鬥、 爲統 一 全 球語言 

不 1 1法|:、种經蔡前總1^提議、擬於中央地4.^設 一 世 

界 語大學 ^、 將 一 1 科學, 籍、 全用 m 界, 敎授 .^£! 蔡 

總 .4^ 針, 職、 此主 &遂巾 y 刻范總 R 擬 i 蔡氏之 i^i 

先於沖 小學內 、以及 Bf^ 女師 範學校 ^ 世界語 j 科、 # 

通^^ 者人數 增多、 再 爲設立 i* 門大 學云、 



58 



新名詞 



Lesson 24- 



LESSON XXIV, 

Language. 
Vocabulary. 



齙字^ 'Clnvci-^ tsi^ /a4. Orthography, spell- 
ing. 

元昔 Yiien^ yin\ Vowel, considered as sound. 
When considered as letter rather than a 
sound, 字 is added to this, as also to the 
word for consonant, 

母昔 Mh^ yin\ The same. 

81 ? Consonant 

子哲 丁" 3 3'|»'. ) 

大楷 ra4*'fli3. 1 Capital 

冠"^ 字體 KK'aii^ shou3 fsi^ t'i^. J letter. 

ijj 暴 Chic- ^5。"4. Rhythm. 

昔節 Yin^ chie^. Syllable. 

昔調 y'l."' tiao*. Accent. 

强^ Ch'iang- sliv*. Emphasis. 

UMfb Yii-^ yiien- tun*. Etymology. 

fs^tB ken\ Root. 

表音法 P'co^ ym' Phonetic. 

通俗! § Tung' sir yii^. Colloquial speech. 

態 Titng^ hwa^ t'ai^. Colloquialism. 
惯用! S 法 凡'' yung^ yii^ fa^. Idiom, 
jg^ Fei-* lsi<. CTbsolete word. 
代詞 Tai^ tsV. I Synonym. 

文字學 mn】 tsi^ hsue^ \ Grammar. 

單字嫫 Ta'i' tsi^ Part of speech. 

Note. The following grammatical terms are not 
taken from the papers, but from two text-books. 
Where two Chinese equivalents are given, tlie first 
Is that used by Rev. G. G. Warren, in liis "Giani- 
matical Definitions." The second is from the 
Commercial Press " Language Lessons.'' 
The terms are not yet settled. 
名目字 Mi>w2 ,Hu4 tsi4 ^Noun. 

名物孛 Ml."^2w„4 (sii. j 

定 名目, Ttng\*ntnf m»4 tsP. 1 Adjective. 

代名 目,, Ta''4'""'"f "丄" 4 "'4. 1 Pronoun. 
稱代字 Ch cng^ tai'^ f,"4. j 

活字 Hzvod' 威 1 Verb 

5 讀字 Yiin^ zuei^ ts'i'^. J 

定活字 j:i"?4 /i"'o52 《, I Adverb. 

關係字 : (f • I Preposition. 

^^^^ Lien- chii^ "iH. Conjuiictiou. 
口氣宇 K'ou^ ch,i4 tsi^. Interjection. 



接勸形 Pien^ tung^ hsing^. Conjugation of 
verbs. 

本部 /\ 、:! p"4. 
主 名之位 Chu3 ming2 chi 

末部 A/o54 p"4. 
受 维之位 Slicm* shi^ chi 
主部 C7!"3 /,„4. 
主 物之位 Chu3 wu4 c/ii' 



第一 二三位 



Femiuine. 



Neuter. 



Plural number. 



Nominative 

wei4. f case. 

) Objective or 
> accusative 
J case. 
1 Possessive 
wei"^. j case. 

First, second 
or third 
person. 

生性法 Shcng' hsing^ fa\ Ip , 
三 m San' sliu\ {(render. 

公生羝 Kungi sheng^ 1 Masculine 
陽屬 Yancf shu\ Masculine. 

■ ^生類 Mh^ shdngi lei\ 
陰馬 Yin' shu\ 
無生類 W^"2 sheng^ lei^. 
罔兩風 IVang^ liang^ shu^^. 
舉數 》 。"i slui^. Singular number. 
么數 To a' shii^, ' 
衆数 Chung^ shu^. 
^ 次法 Ts'eng- ts 'i^ fa^. 
等! 5 之比校 Tcng^chi^ cliV pi^chiao^. 
^比 屠-欠 \Vu- pi^ tscng- ts"i\ j 
* 常核 Hsiin^ ch'ang^ ch?. \ 
jiiS 層 2^ Pi^chiao^^ ts'eng- tsV, ] 
較勝敍 C7"ao4 shenq^ chi-, ] 
至? Alf 肖? Chl^ cliin^ ts'eng^ts 'i^. 
尤 flli^ tswei^ cki2. 

有定 指件 tin{"c!iPdiiai、. Definite article. 
^定指 i 牛 W^w^ chien-i. Indefinite 

article. • 
有定例 Yin^ tiug^ 队 Regular. 
無定伊 j IV u2 fing^ Irregular, 
i 耍 云謂字 C'hn^ yao"^ yiin^ wei^ isi^. Prin- 
cipal verb. 
助謂字 C7!w4 zvei^ ts't'A Auxiliary. 

Hsicn^. Expressed. 
隱 Yin^. Understood. 

k 物之 云謂字 WH^ chV yiin^ zvei^ ist^. 
Transitive. 

不 及物之 云謂字 chi2 而 4 c/iV ym^ wei^ 

tsi'^. lutransitive. 
式樣法 Sfti4 yang^ f a\ Voice. 



iCom- 
jparison. 

Positive. 
J Comparative. 
[Superlative. 



Lesson 24. 



NEW TERMS 



S9 



[Active voice. 
[Passive voice. 



行式 13? Hsing^ shi* yancj^. 
剛辨 Kang' slicng'. 
受式^ Sboii^ shi^ yang\ 
柔^^ J OH' slidfi(j、 . 
Wi: Shtvoa' fa\ Mood. , 
^ 定説法 Chnn^ ting^ shzvod^ fa^. Indicative 
mood. 

說法 fVei"^ ting-^ shwoa^ Subjunctive 
mood. 

使 令説法 ling'^ shwod^ /a!. Imperative 
mood. 

無 限說法 W^H^ hsien"^ shwoa^ /a'?, /Infinitive 
^定式 J^'《2 ting^ shx^. Jmood. 
55 類法 Shr lev^ fa\ Tense. 
今 Jf^f 観 Chin' shV 
現柱 ★ Hsien-i isai、 j/iH. 



Present. 



先 

遇去式 
後時類 
將來^ 

事式 



•Past. 



Hsien^ shV lei"^. 

> Future. 



Chiang^ lai^ slii^. j 
C/u* sh'i^ sWi^. Perfect. 
過去 旣事式 Kwod、 chUi^ chi^ shi^ sM 气 Plu- 
perfect. 

將米 旣事式 Ch—i !ai2 chi\ sh•i^^sh•i4. Future 
perfect. 

活定名 13 , Hzvod^ ting^ tning^ ftm^ tsi'*. 

Participle. 
兩用式 Liang^ yung^ s!ii4. The same. 
引 Sife /iao4. Quotation marks. 

括'] 15 K'zvoa-^ Im2. Parentheses, 
句主 C/i/H di"3. Subject of sentence, 
S 位 Pin^ wei^ Predicate. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Since the terms in this chapter are taken 
from text-books rather than papers, the 
illustrations will not contain any of these terms, 
but are selected to show tlie vaiious styles of 
punctuation, and other grammatical signs. 

To one accustomed only to books printed at 
foreign presses, with dot for comma, and 
circle for period, the presence of so many 
circles as one sometimes finds cannot but be 
confusing ; and one asks, "What do they 
mean?" The answer to this question would 
not always be the same. In the old days, when 
all the text-books were block type editions 
of the classics, punctuated by the teacher, 
circles were to call attention to important 
passages, or peculiar beauties of style, as we 
would use italics or capitals. When circles are 
used down almost the whole line, of course this 



is no more distinctive than Moigiana*s chalk. 
But if one examines pages printed aftei this 
method, one sees occasional gaps. This 
absence of circles is similar to the use of the 
circle in other papers, and indicates punctu- 
ation ; the character which has no circle be- 
ginniiit^ a new clause. Mandarin papers us- 
ually adopt the way of dividing the clauses by 
vacant spaces, white the higher style papers 
do not indicate punctuation at all. 

In some papers, the catch-words of an 
article are in bold large type, but not, as in 
Englisli, set in another line. The characters 
ill smaller type, in this case, usually receive a 
compensating circle or dot. 

Various modifications of these methods will 
be found below, all pointed exactly as they 
appeared in their orioinal form. 



Notes. 

!• n<itiof'hsO. Report. I 3. Wet^-p'od*, to iutimidaU. 

i. ChW yan0S, to respect, | 



Payment op Indemnity. 

(大 肉由 報) 外交 

界消^ 緩 交废子 1 賠欽 

問题十 國公使 俱已^ 成 

惟俄使 一 人極 力反對 

WHOM -TO VOTF, FOR. 

(法政^!^^報」 選^ 人不爲 

威武所 2! 不爲金 錢所誘 

但凡 是我心 中 所佩服 

所欽 i; 的.^ 而且 一一〕 ^ 腦人 

旣 有政治 法律的 知識而 

且遼得 有歷史 上的經 I 

,§跟 那愛國 的熟; ^我便 

5 票 is 個.^ 這就是 

自. ra 意 i 但是 天下的 # - 

有 一 利必有 一,^ 按 jii^ 選 

缀原理 g 而 ^國 民應 《"田 

以自山^^忍選鋤然而世 

界無論 何國到 了€ 掛之 

^仍 是短 不了金 錢運, 

^與勢 力威: 



新名詞 



IvESSON 24, 



a. ChinQi-kao4. Caution, advise. 

». Tangi-Vang^ chH^ ch'ii cftf> ch'u^, since you have 
the body of a man. T'ang^ here means large, and the 
§e\'tn feet are evidently not according to the measure 
of to-day, but of the time of the Classics, when five 
feet referred to childish height, and seven feel to 

manly stature. body. 

J, Here the antithesis is between a high regard for 
family, and very little of the heroic spirit (love of 
country). 

《. Tsh- iiii' 4 p'u4. Almost every verse in the Analects 
commences, " Tsii i'u< 4 *' ― the sage said. In the 
old-fashioned school, each scholar memorized his 
individual lesson aloud, with the fresh force of each 
breath iterating " Tsii-ytlte^," What wonder that 
Cbinete should call it a T.stS-yue^ shop," aud 
ioreignert be reminded of a bee-hiv«. 



$, San3 kwam, day-school. 

6. Tsao^t dregs, i.e. worthless, no good. 

7. Shin^-s^^, expression. 

8. Ch'" ch'u tig^ niu- tou3. Anger would crash ai^insl 
the Herdsmau's constellation and the Great Dipper, 
that is, mount up to the heavens. 

9. Kungt tai< <'icw\ live under the same sky, (lit. in 
common wear the same heaven on their heada). 

10. Hsun^-hsun^ 8han4 yiu^^ employ moral suasion, 鳴 
quotation from the Analects. 

11. 8hivai-*-yiu' t'/uiM change, follow the old statutes, a 

quotation from the Book of Odes, 

12. Chungs ku3, the middle Aget, 

13. Yiii here means give. 

14. £:'ito/jtf4, Lc. 且, muck leem 



WHO woalb BE A COWARD SLAVE ? 吾:^ 巧告 吾同 胞須求 

^&堂^4-1^々。,!脇勿,!1^.^-^^^^央6^^一^丄1身 。 

The OLD.TIME School, (s® l^f^ 齡 lrl& 舗 1 一一 

^^^^^^ l^^i 。的不 1^}, ^^^^^ 

巧^ li 昏 認^ 個.: lisp 錯. J 。 要曰 ^ 

罰 I 6i:41f^ ^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^ 

ik 到^ ^^^^^ 我 5 率. ^ 

鑿阡 

TTHF- DIFFERENCE BPITWEEN OWNERSHIP AND <:ONTRoli 

中 |i 以 所有權 § 與統 治權 § 混 li 故 君主親 領土爲 1 

家之財 任意買 至十. K 世 I 法, 一; 心發 1、:^^ 

主對於 ± 地之權 i 實 lili 而 ^;1^§*非+&4 

:!^&训^1^^^1^^^^、^«<中.7|*;*^1^^.然國 

家爲 公益上 起!! 亦不 能絶 無 買賣之 I 如千 八百 六 

十.: J> 俄以: .3 百 1 一 十 离弗: K-c= 拉斯加 於北夷 合衆國 

化其例 ^ 



乙 r:ssoN 24. 



NEW TERMS 



61 



NOTKS. 



Chi' "iP /)«' ",,'■*, bliiitUy superstitious. 
// a ct- /.、-、-*. llie favor of the 5laliamuic<luus. 
Ts'i- stion^, a uicritoriuus deed. 
I A3 pui\-si^, Mosqiic. 

Lin* Ar'oiiJ plimses always on one's tongue's 

end. I* or explaualioii of these phrasers, see explana- 
lory I loll" at cuti of scloclion. 

Ching^ chitti/* yiui wci*, — likr- our cxpres&ii ii " a 
Kuecl fiAuttU uuiicr Ihc l\>uguc" 



,. Shh or shicoA*, groat. 

8. Ill the two braokeleil sentences the /W at the K-pia- 
ning refers to llie wuuls g an<1 M (he eiiJ,— uul 
llmt class of jicoplo wlio \c 

9. Ch\itig^ foi i£ S. iKlvoratf. 

10. I/sin* ifi 、 hear I at(aiunK*iits, if moral 

11 /.iarn/J yxK Hi ju' moj-t, e>cfl ULc ink, tbat is dark, 
uol able to aiijlbiui;. 



(ro <n£frafe fsrsf Arses) n ,p? JJ II w«\ 

flow IVIOHAMMEDANS CAN BKCOMK A NEGCGIBr^B QUANTITY. ^sfl 敎 ^ 物 子 (愛 M 賴) 

®a 敎的人 都愁 道路窄 SI 路窄 故此 窮人多 一 般執迷 不悟, 的 大郷老 一心要 

得回赈 想 進天堂 鼓勵廢 人爲慈 於是 回回造 就廢物 的門路 可就 日日鼓 

達了 〇碩 一 個法子 是 不敎子 弟讀書 敎他 天天在 醴拜寺 la a 1 嘴贫而=^厭的敢 

門話 當作 了流口 甚麼 恩典哪 泰客低 兒呀 份 利兒呀 赛拜 布呀 

舌 說得 律津有 § 除 此之外 是 I 無所能 〇 第四 個法子 是 有了事 多請 老師傅 

無論紅 事白事 老是 請全位 大 鄉老們 憑着 a 個吉慶 的赛拜 布 到 了阿哈 組台的 

日子 一定^ 继天 §j ^啦 〇 第五 個法子 是多說 消極的 队兒: :止 多 勧人不 必進歩 § 

勸人混 吃等死 勧人 多出散 勸人各 顧自己 勸 人守時 候齦拜 1^, 七天如 此提倡 

一次 提 倡他個 千兄八 百年的 一 輩 1^ 往下傳 一 定要 兒大效 驗的, 

註 (泰^ 低. 忠兒 前 定也) (份 利兒 命 定也) (赛 拜布 因 山也) (老 師傅 

以念 經爲業 者也) •■、 阿哈頼 台日子 即 世界場 壊之後 公道 判斷之 日也) (臥 兒足 

A CoNFuciANisT Teacher with all the modern improvkments- Gwfes 白 賴) 至所 聘教" 35 

皆是 有道^ 儒 品志 一咼潔 fs^ 是坐過 一 蹚海 1 船 竟敢^ 廢孔 子之輩 j 1^" 竹 研究新 

學 確有心 5^ 之人 I 亦非抱 守死書 兩服如 4!^ 流一 

A PROSPEROUS Country axd a Happy People. (舊報 ) 國利民 一 脇 冷服 

自 去年冬 天至今 全 國報紙 上的字 就属 「國 利民一 1」 這 四個字 爲最多 據各 排字 

的 工人說 當初 制時代 國 利民一 i 這 四涸字 有幾十 個就成 現在^ 幾 w 泅亦不 

够用的 足見 國利: 福是: :: 見發 達的了 昨天在 某版^ 聽兒 隔座^ 幾位 ES 談 -心 It 一 



I 0^ 3 4 y ^ 



Mark of ellipsis, like a blauk, or row of dots in English. 



― those engaged 
Press, printing 



報界 c/uV4, The Press, 

in making; newspapers. 
印書館 Yin^ sk"i kzvan\ 

office, (general name). 
RUifiiJ 所 I'mi shwai sod^y (after name of firm) j 

The .... Pi ess works, in distinction from 

發 行所, the publishing house, for the 

sale of publications. 
報館 Pao-^ kwanS. The same, for printing 

newspapers. 

mi Pao^ chang\ j Press, newspapers. 

扭 Pao''^. Magazine, newspaper, periodical, 
used with some qualifying word before it, 
as 日 Daily or Journal, 虽期 Weekly, 月 
Mcnthly, ^ Illustrated, 長 KVomc'irs, &c. 

期 CJii \ a volume, complete issue for a certain 
period. 

號 HaoK a number. 

tJ 火 Mu^ Table of contents. 

內容 Ngi -、 jtiJig^. The same, but more general. 

棚 乙 a,i2. Department of paper. 

Note. This word is not used alone, but after any 

name of depart lueut, as those gi ven below. The 
. character means a railing, and is often marked by 

a distiuctive design on either side the name of the 

department, or in magazines by colored paper. 



LESSON XXV. 

The Press. 

論說 乙 ttft4 shzvoa^. ) Leading article, 
演 ift Yien^ shwoa^. J editorial. 
Note. In papers supposed to be colloquial, the 
characters 白 IS" are often prefixed to the above, 
and the article is sometimes the only colloquial 
part of the paper, the presidential mandates and 
the telegrams being of necessity in WH-li- 
社論 She^ liin^. The same, usually sociolo- 
gical in its character, hence the name. 
時事 Shr sh'i^. The news, curreut events. 
薪 開 Hsin^ wen-. | 

Cliin-^ 2ven-. > Latest uews. 
近寧 Chi,i、 sli'i\ J 

Note. As beading: for the most important newa, 



the characters 緊耍 are prefixed to the above, and 
the news itself is usually printed in large type at 
the top of the paper. 

The uews is also usually classified by words 
prefixed to indicate the source, as 本 i 串- Local, 本省 
Provincial, ,央 from the capital ,各省 or • 
National, 國外 or (:界 from tlie world at large. 
萃錄 Ts'wi^ (collection) /〃 ' | 

(to copy). > Items. 

専件 dlm'm、 chicn^. I 

7,",n、 pao^. Telegrams. 
Note. These are usually classified after the same 
manner ad the news. 



^ 詢名新 Lhsson 24. 



就不 I 樣 有的說 報紙 上空印 著國利 

民福 實 Si 上未必 眞有國 利民醖 又有 

說 嗒 們表面 1 上 雖未享 著幸福 喑 

含 已 竟享上 幸福了 彼時 我在旁 邊吃, 

旅 細細 的留祌 Hi? 他們 有 一 人說道 

我 們盟兄 艰 力的給 cunlil 運動 

哲 的都督 口 許給 我盟兄 ilu 使 

偷或運 動成了 我們 同類的 一 班人 

都 跟著享 幸 的 又 一 人說道 現在我 

晝夜盼 牆 大借欺 借成了 只要 這筆欽 一 

下來 嵴們 哥兒們 就沒 個窮啦 只見 

又 打一位 從腰 裡掬出 幾十張 條子來 

對, # 人道 這都是 託我謀 印花稅 率情的 

祖求祈 印 花税早 日實行 g ^們可 

眞 都快享 幸齲啦 又見 一 位問 S! 聽說 

鹽 斤加價 亦快 责行啦 煩 你見見 

給我們 老三弄 個分局 § 差使 那人說 

成成成 可是你 們享幸 吃鉋飯 

的時候 帀則忘 了我呀 那個說 那是 



tKSSON 2^1 



NEW TKRMS. 



63 



路透冗 t tien-^. Renter's telegrams. 
投' "^! 7 han-. ) « , . 

S 函 LaiMtml jCorrespomlcice. 

信 T'uny^ hsin'^. The same, from regular 
correspondent. 

Lai^ kao^. Contributed articles. 
^'名 隔 IV li- ming- kao^. ) Anonymous 

^^jfij Ni、 (secret) ming^ kao^. \ articles. 
名 F/n^ ming-. Noni de plume. 

mk Chao^^ i Excerpts, clipping*. 

云 or 云云 】 吖 And so oil, — at end of 

excerpt the whole of which is not given. 
I|$ 評 Shi 2 p'ing-. Comments or criticisms on 

current events. 
詞苑 Ts't^ yiien-^ (collection) ) Literary 
文苑 PVcn- yiierf^. j department. 

譚 泣 /4 Translation. 
小說 Hsiao-^ shzi'oa^. Story, novel. 
Note. These are usually colloq uial in style, with 
no new terms, and are generally serials. They are 
often printed on small supplementary sheets, paged 
for beiug stitched together as a book when con- 
cluded. 

未完 Wci^ ivan^. To be coutiuued, (at end 

of a article), 
g [登 HsiiA tengK Continued from last, (at 

beginning). 
已完 " wan-. Concluded, (at end). 

寺, pi'a' i "lustnitions' 

iJ [史 hwj4 s/iil Cartoon. 

HtiSi^ Hivd: fm'aA: C-iricatures, (lit. 

raillery pictures). 
笑林 Hsiao^ lin^. Funny column, amusing 

anecdotes, in lighter vein. 
新 Ilsin^ .... ( followed by name of soiue 

classic), Parody on ... . 



Miscellanea. 



To subscribe for a 



paper. 



Tsa^ lu-^. 

Tsa2 /、"<3 (dish) , 

Tsa2 The same ; also magazine 

made of extracts, usually inouthly, ― a 
digest of the papers oJ the month. 
S/u'-^ sheny^. ) Prices current^ ― the 
Shang^ cliing^. ) market. 
Kao4 paP. Advertisement. 
K^vang^ kao^. The same ; a notice. 
Fu^ chang^. Snppleineiit. 
Tcng^ pao 气 To put in the paper, to 
publish in a periodical. 
Ting 4 p(w、 
Tin J 4 pao^. 

Ch'ii^ panK To publish; au edition. 
Pan^ cli'iieii^. Copy-riglit. 
Fan' yiuK Iiifriiigemeut of copy-right. 
Chu^ tsoii-^. To make (books), to compose, 
Fie}i ' fszi'an-^ (compile) 
Pien^ (arrange j 
稿 Kao^. Manuscript, 
^fig ChiaoA yiic-^. 
對稿 Tzvei-^ kao^. 
i^^: CJrivan- tan'. A hand bill. 
/l^f^ Hsiao^ /?<H. A pamphlet. 
feli:iifJI5 chi、 Editorial staff. 

la"'f 尸; i Editor-in-chief. 

^rjff Chu3 pi3. 1 Assistant or associate 

'^I^A Pieiii r/ii-* jen^. [editors. 
新 Pfl;l£ff Hsin' wen- c/it-* chod^. Same, 

working up news items. 
訪' 耳鳴 Fa"!p sh'iA yiien-. Reporter. 
if^M^ r'P p'ai^ yiien-. Specially 
reporter. 

發行人 haiig^ jcn^. Publisher. 
俳'— ;-: 的 P'aii-ts'i^i hK } 



雜 il'R 
雜^ 



市聲 
商情 

告白 
m- 
附張 
«報 

定報 
訂賴 
出版 
版權 

f4J 印 
甚作 
編!^ 
編輯 



To compile 



To correct proof. 



for 



deputed 



Compositor. 



I. JT'an* print, fa' send out ; i.e. publish 



J. (//(I-* .""4, ff conl of recent events. 
4. C'/iirufi-» r/"4, incount or stury of past ereDU, 
histoiical, bioi^raphical &c. 



* uL 酬 



Table of contents. 

公民報 社廣告 〇本 

壯^ 發: n 報、 宗 ain 保 

障 共和政 I 仍 

生主 內容 社說、 要 

件、 譯述、 政令、 電、 公 

電、譯$^_、緊要新^1、中 

央、 新 § 一此 5^ 新 、時 

I 來 i 

女權: ^報筒 

(n 本月報 主彀如 

下 〇<£發 揚 女子固 

有木 1^ 5 恢很 1 

女子 固.; ;: 桃利 

二 I) 木月報 內容如 

下 〇^^ 贞 d 

說 n. 譯論 

# S 小說 § 傳記 

S 文苑 g 世界語 

S 科學 一問答 

^ 雜錄 ^i$件 



64 



新名詞 



Lesson 25. 



Moui mou3, a certain man, like Mandarin 某人. 
Ti3, arrive. 

y«4 kao^, preliniiuary aiinouncemeut. 
/'a'" poo», to run a paper. 
h'n,i4 ch'a up', to keep going n long time. 
T'i'ifj^ pa discontinue publication. 
7/i4 ch'i*, edged tool. 



5). 1$ HH ri\ to move ; /fit' hwei,, to express oneself. 

10. K'ai^-/isiao\ expeiulilure, outlay. 

11. Cheng^ "'泸 "2, sought for article ; those written hj 
request, or to be paid for. 

12. Fen^, copies. 

13. 細 Ch'u ' , deficit, shortage. 

14. CfiO'kwan\ official or party paper or organ. 

15. 2"ic» pW3. supply deficit, suL^sidize. 



STARTING NEW MASZis OR PAPERS. 某 1*1^ 京後、 所 運動; g 之目 的, 無論能 否達到 w 即在 

京設 S 1 機 關報、 si- 探中國 之密秘 ,5 報與 俄人、 以 備抵制 中國。 < 

海軍雜 誌出版 m 46 本雜? i 由海 i 同人合 力組織 、月出 一 第 一 期全册 、定於 A 月十五 

日 出版。 

DKI.ARTMENTS OF PAPER. 

EDlTcmlAI- 演 說 、 

辦^ 之難易 〇 凡事、 必須 有經驗 1、 多 一 番經 I 即多 一 番學齓 譬如這 辦報吧 1 你 說是難 1 

怎麼有幹4了的呢、你說是容易辦、怎應十家有八家中途停胁的呢。報紙是强國的利^|、是 

社 會的前 I?) 疋人 R 的口舌 、好處 說不盡 k 是熱 心公益 的人、 都 想要出 一 份報紙 、發 is^ 

然而這 幾年、 因爲辦 報受累 的志士 k 是不在 少數了 。自 去年政 體改變 以來、 新出的 報總有 

幾百種 、足見 文明之 進歩; I 了、 然 旋起旋 滅者、 仍居十 之七八 f 財與 精神 k 歸於盡 1^ 看可 

惜不 可惜。 要說報 紙存立 不住、 必是內 容不好 、其實 不然、 其病 正坐在 太好、 報太好 、故 此能看 

的可就 少了。 現在 Si 通社^ 、最宜 辦小張 兒的白 話報、 或是淺 文話報 論越淺 越好、 ^ 錢越 

賤 越好。 大報的 责本大 大、 看的少 、賠 錢多。 譬 如聘請 一 位主筆 總編? 賀的徵 論 ,1 

再 fi 兩三位 副編輯 、校 對的至 少得三 四位、 其餘訪 員電報 、房 租伙食 印工、 11 1 不大。 毎月所 

進的 報錢、 不抵、 出项 十分之 一 、不 停版、 等甚 K}e 張兒的 白話報 、或文 話報、 開銷省 、印 工省、 價 

錢小、 看主 3^ 多、 能銷兩 千張報 、就 赔不了 錢啦、 再能 多銷、 廣告 必多、 廣告 一 多、 報 就站住 L 怎 

麽說 兩千、 外、 即、 可 不賠錢 、千張 正張、 毎張 開八個 附張、 連紙 帶印、 f 月。 本錢、 統共不 

過 一 ,元 Ig 千份報 三 百元》 右 有三四 百塊錢 的告白 、足可 有盈無 * 了。 辦大報 、惟有 

做機亂 、每月 若準有 一 萬塊 錢的貼 i. 先 敎東家 拿出十 一 一萬 塊錢、 就給他 熟熟鬧 閙的幹 一 

年、 辦個 小報兄 、有大 七百 塊錢、 就 可以出 1 



I 2 3d c,-6 



Notes. 



I. Ohinf)^ fi^overument officials. 
,. S 7 ,'m4, wrinkled, furroweej. 

3. 予 I. 

4> chfi*, insvifficient. 

5. I/IU3. how can there be (toy question about)? 

6. 鲞 H〃、 why not? 

7. llsuc^'ChitO, pedant, one who spends his time poring 
over books. 

8. lisuC' tung*, employer of teachers. 

9. CAiVM, exauiiue. occurs in first sentence of letters. 
In place of " Dear Mr. A.," the ktler opens 某 5L 饔. 
"Will Mr. A. exannnc.*' 

>o. Wii' la' &C-, uot worth auswering. 

II. ( hi*-<^od*,\\ie writer, editor alluding to himself. 

13 fl^ Hsun*, ask. But since you ask about it, i.e. about 
sonic article which the editor bad reprinted from a 
Tsioau pftprr. 

13. A'u, here lucaus hx tbe time being; the fitting 
answer, as he says in the Inst two clauses, lo be given 
When be cuui«8 lo tUc cUiiur's t'Oice, 



14. ChHng^ PHng*, aame of city. 

15. Chun^, Mr., preceded by surname, and often followed, 

ns licrc, by given name. 
16- /, this, shii at the bcRiniiinjj, hsia^ cAV' got out of 
his cart ; i.e. just entered on the duties of his office. 

17. ifM4 rhii, struck by the fact. 

18. m to grasp, wan4 wrist ; wringing his bauds, i.e 

very sad. 

19 娜 Cfi'ou*, plan for. ch'ou' wci' tiai^ "、, ponder tbe 

subject from all sides. 
20. Shu* >«4, to iustil. lo inculcate, 
ai. n Bwan^, a circle, to make a revolution, ohwans 

Auart-. a com plcte reversal. 
22. Chodi those, iod* like, han^ t'Awn' Mr Hau ; i.e. 

men like Mr Han. 
^j. (? sodi f" it'll wu I, know how to put liisl Uiinj^a 

first, a c|uot0tiou fruui tbe " Great I/ruiiiUij;.'* 



Lesson 25. NEW TERMS 6S 



Criticisms on current Events. 時評 〇 無人格 的國民 〇 今之 政 &嘗疾 

首 曰、 吾國無 人才。 #s 不然、 吾國今 n 所最缺 乏者、 人 格耳、 非人才 

也,人 格者何 、爲人 之格式 I 格式不 便不 可以、 爲. „ ^何 於才不 才., 各 

國敎靑 以造人 格爲惟 一 g 目:^ g 我 政府國 民、^ 一 注意 及之。 

Funny c。lumniw。men-s Rights. 笑林 女 權發達 

ra. 乙 兩個學 縱談 時務、 某甲說 、近 來女權 日漸發 5^〕 總算 是文 明進化 

瞜某乙 你說 女權發 一!iS 不知有 甚度憑 不料 有個學 丙、 在旁長 

暎了 一 兩個學 究問他 發嘆的 原因某 IW 說、 要論 a 個 II 觀、 兄 笫卸有 

些閱歷 、就 是不好 出口。 甲乙一 一人 齊說、 何妨請 說出來 、我們 也好領 領;^ 

某丙 昨 天我在 裏、 挨了 我女人 一 頓打、 直到而 今我^ 身還 疼的難 

受 i 要 說女拳 發^這 話是 當眞不 錯卿、 我 是實地 見習過 的了。 

9 

MISCELLANEOUS.l,TO TTHE 1-ERS0N WHO WROTE TTHW LETTWR. 來 函者璧 o 來 

件似 函又, 諭、 未書寫 姓名、 本無答 覆之價 t 惟記 t 作事、 向 來事事 

求實 〔旣 承^ 問、! i 簡略答 顆,杳 一此條 笑談、 原係杪 錢濟南 某報, 按報 界通 

例、無論來稿R^巳經錄3i本報即担其責l^對恃如何相i:i^lil施之本 

報 可也。 

Power OP THK Press. 報紙能 力如是 

淸^民、政長韓|^8^^^球伊、|551::&人情、^&,:»^^、閉寒1^^§|&腕、^ 

維再 ■ 、特創 設 閱報所 g 數 E 、唯派 逐日 宣講、 以 erf-^ 文 s; 之 

導線1^聞近來現像、;|頗有轉^^若韓君^1^;5-稱爲知所先^。 



66 



新 名 詞 



Lesson 25. 



NOTES. 



I- The tab here referred to is an oblong coupon like a 
frame, left vacant for writing in name of competitor, 
and printed immediately after the passage here 
quoted. Thus whoever wished to compete must 
buy a copy of the paper. 

膚. U^ang 鳥 -j". Fifteenth day of the moon. 

3. Yiu'-tai^, Postage. - 

4- It Ts^ng^^ to present; tsingA p'i,t3, priic. 



5. 



6. 



The paucity of the language is frequently pieced out 
by a new patch on the old garment. These foreign 
words are usually transliterated as well as translated. 
Proper names from foreign languages arc usually 
given thus in the original. But in this unnatural 
side-ways arrangement, the letters often take strange 
liberties, somersaults, leapfrog &c., and it is often 
quite a puzzle to read the word. 

Either one of the pair may also be used alone. The 
sense of the first is, Printing rights are (individual) 
property. 



哲學 Che"^ hsite^. Phii^osofhy. 
思 JJ 學 S'i^ li3 hsiie^. ^ 
n^M.^ 乙 hsiie^. V Logic. 
"辩 hsiie^. J 
論 jf 舉家 Lun-^ /i3 hsiie^ chia^. Logician.,. 
II -fi] Fiao^ chii^. Proposition. 
三&推 P 法 5o"i t-wan^ twei^ "3 /a3. Syllo- 
gism. 

前 ii Ch'it'u- /、/-'. Major premiss, fuml'miciital 
idea, paramount iiuportance ; hypothesis. 

推論 T'lvei^ lnn^. Conclusion. 

^ 良據 Ken^ chii^. To depend on ; a logical 
、《 consequence (see les. ix). 

虛僞 Hsii^ ivei^. Fallacious ; a fallacy. 
Ku/et'3 />z>«4. Sophism. 

fgig; C7na3 shwod^, i H》pothesis. 
說 Shivod^. ) Theory, 一 (used as suffix after 
論 二 w/". J name of theory). 



LESSON XXVI. 

Philosophy. 

ilft Li^ } Theory, (used alone). 

創 論 Ch'wang^ luw^. To propound a theory. 
S 談學理 ICtingi fan^ hsite: lil Theoretical. 
道徳學 Tao^ te^ hsue^. ] g " Moral 

倫 J— E 學 L"n2 li^ hsiie^. J rmiosopuy. 
幸 福主義 HsingA fu^ chu^ t^. Hedonism. 
公 ^ 禾 li 用主義 Kung^ chung'^ ! i4 yung"^ chii^ R 

Utilitarianism. 
世界觀 Slii^ chie^ kwanK 

the larger vision. 
心现學 Hsiiii li^ hsiie^. 
it^'M^ l^sut^ ling- hsiie^, 
付舉 Hsing'^ hnle^, 

'怠識 J4 sli". Discernment. 
認 3 shi^. Cognition. 



The world-views 



Mental 

Philosophy, 

Metaphysics. 



Sul-ERVJSION 2f PCBCCATION OF TEXT-BOOWS 

BY BOARD OF EISCATION. 

Ei ml 發行人 、應於 ill 出版前 、將 印本、 或 

」私本、呈請敎|^=部.:^£^- 

COMJ>E,rrTIVE SOLUTION. — The w^oman and 

THE WOMAN, WHAT? 

種類 o 滑^ 想像、 

問题 〇 設世界 上人類 滅亡、 而僅 存女子 

1 一人、 其現 僳當若 

規则; 〇 答案不 限格1^^及字、數、以姓 名住 

址 §、agqsll 於欄 外長方 砂內、 剪下 黏貼。 稿 

..1^1 紙貼 一 稿、 隐歷十 1 1月望、&截止^^ 

依規训^i^無M郵f&未貼足者、原件退l一i 

ginib 1 等 贈江西 化 

New depaktg»e, 1 JBNGUSffi WORD IN 

CHINi TEXT. 5 

(fv。m KegEaihns of ccsfucist pirchy 

捐款至 】 百元以 上者、 M 外 國來、 福突伯 

Life Member 之例作 爲永久 會員、 兔納常 

年! Ear 

Form of Copy-right, -(at end of bock)..* 

ilii 議讓 I® 

^翻 印必 究 i 

PAUni 讓議 i 



LRSSOk 26 



NEW TKRMS 



67 



K 念 

mm 

Bi5 示 

印^^ 
舰 

槪念 

慨括 

mm 
分 w 

系械 

原 n 
公 j"p: 

宗& 



主腦 

線 
悄 iti 

s 由 



近 W 
效力 



Concept, idea. 



Kai^ kzvan^. 
An^ shi^. Suggestion. 
Fm** hsiang-^. Impression. 
Chi' ktvan^. Intuition. 
Che^ chiie^. Subliminal consciousness, 
subnormal mind. 
Kai4 nien^. Abstraction. 
KaiA k*ivod^. Generalization. 
Kivei^ na^. Inductive. 
Yien-^ t-*. Deductive. 
Pcn^ hsi^. To analyze; analysis. 

gj'i t ung^^. I Synthesis; to combine. 
I sung^ he-. ) ^ 

Yiien^ tsP. Fundamental principle (of 



First principles of nature or 



working". 
Yiicn^ HI 
reason. 

Kung^ li^. Universal principle. 
Yao^ i4. Important idea, main thought. 
Tsung^ chV. General scope, leading idea, 
main purpose or object ; iu politics, 
political platform. 

C/ii" uao^. The same, but more individ- 
ual. 

ShV hsicn^. Trend or line of thought. 

Ch'ittgi yii^i Amenities of a case, motive 

founded on sentiment or true feeling. 

乙 i3 yiu^. Justice of a case, p^round of 

right, fundamental reason, rational or 

judical motive ; argument 

Yi'ifn^ yin^. Cause. 

Viien^ yin^. Remote cause. 

Ou'"4 v,M'. Producintif cause. 

Fisia'" /i《 Force, validity, efficacy. 



Precedent. 



結果 CkieY kwod^. Effect, consequences, finale, 
result. 

效果 Hsiao^ k7i'oa^. Same, beneficial or suc- 
cessful in character; success 

闪果 Ki'n' kzvod^^. Cause and effect. 

成例 Ch'cng^ 

成戏 Ch'eng- kwei、 

現象 1 1 sic hsiang"^. Phenomena, external 
appearance, world of form, coivdition. 

性貢 Hsing^ chi'^. Nature of man, idea or thing, 
(see les. xix). 

赏際 ShC' chi^. Reality. , . 

實 if Shr c/iH. ) Real, actual ; the real iu dis- 

事& Sh'i-^ shr, ) tinction from the ideal. 

食微 Shi- t'uK Substance, producing or first 
catisc, essence. 

有?! 性 yi"3 hsing^. Rational. 

J?^fivl Chin(j\ vien"^ ti'^. Empirical, 

li^i&d^i 厶" lun'^ tiK Theoretical. 

W^.^ Shr chi4 fi^. Practical. 

抽 i Ch'ou^ hsiangA. Abstract. 

具 fi5 Chii-i ri\ Concrete. 

Chiie^ twei-^. Absolute. 

+11 ft Hsiang^ hvei^. Relative, contrasting. 

寺 U 成 Hsiang^ ch'eng-. Complementary. 

主 JIft CfmS ku'an 、- vSubjective. 

客舰 尺? 4 kwanK Objective. 

籍 學流派 Che^ hsiie- liir p'ail School of 
Philosophy. 

唯? 1] & n Vi- /P /""■*. Rationalism. 

Pji 物論 。:' ,""4. Materialism. 

喷 心 5fe l^t-'i- hsin^ lun^. Idealism. 

1f^)^f§j[^ Ching^shen^ liao^ fa\ Psychother- 
apy- 

學 Pg Hsiie- /i3. Canou. 



Yu*, formerly uscl in 上 Jft impcri*! decrees. 
Tsi*-yang4, exprcssioa. 

Ch'tei at* here used U id antithesis to the pirig4-fei* in 
the next clause, and cxprcMc-i a strong positive. It 
seed not be transUted. 



4. Yun (; * j^n'-k'ou3 pi^ li*, according to Ihr basis of (or 
proportionate to the ) populalion. 

5. lAn' staixtiitg like u lorcsl, i.e. vet v mtmcruua. 

6. Chi€< twan4 cH'iaoWha*, mske use of this tiicaiu t« 
decisive nicu. 



MISCPLANEOCS. 

! i 字爲 專制性 之字 

樣 

!^-^羅係用人门比歐 

並非、 代表 地方、 若按縣 

分。 配. it 與^ 擧 原則逮 

北 i 

達爾文 、先生 W 研究天 

然現像 、發明 出進化 

則 t 

渥上§黨^林、^^_、光;中 

以公益 爲:: 謀瓧 

會幸福^|^0不^\一人、其 

萬惜 《:^^ 名義 I、 藉端 

亦在所 多有。 

他的; W 說宗 3:1、 是 在 

是熱 心穀力 、努^ 

p 辭的 辦事、 可敬: s.^ 



I. l/un^, • peaking of. 
,• Cho&2 |/ien3, way of looking at a thing, view-point. 
$ Chiu4 ir' yien^ chtU is spoken of as, pertains to. 

4. Chin^ here means to suppkmcnt. 

5. Fii^ here coalesces with the the 論. 

6. Sh^ng^-pingi, heredity, 
jf. Ching^-yu4, CDvironmeDt, 
8. 企 C/l*t4, to expect. 

^ g Chiei, unsympathetic indiffereuoe* 
JO. Joi^ here means or, 

Ch' ue^-hsien^^ deficient, inadequate; deficiencies. 
13. g ch, &、, to distinguish ; c^hu^-pie^, difference 



Notes. 
13. 



15. 
16. 
17. 

18. 

19. 
30. 



CKicn^-choikS. . . ,houi<holi^, the former ~ the latter. 

/4, to rush on ; cA,ao,'", to go beyond, to surpass ; 
hill here coalesces with the verb like the preposition 
beyond or the prefix sur. 
Ming^ yicn', to give a name. 
2'ao4, Taoisl term. 

r'ai4 chi^, term used in Book of Changes ; Coo* 
fuciauist term. (See Williams' Dictionary) 
ll Shu \ unlike. 
HsO'laA, Greek, Greece, 
Pi4 ta^-k^^-la^, Pythagoras. 



M 新名詞 Lussofi 26. 



:i 现 政^ 則 研究、 將來事 K 、如 何原 f 何結 , 

^^^想^^^事寳之母也¥81^现想之果也、所以無優美之理想者、必無優 

美之事 t 願吾 國民、 承新 M 之更! ^而 亦更改 其卑劣 的理想 1 優 I 

西洋論 现學、 以 演釋法 爲主、 印度論 理學、 以歸納 爲主、 此爲同 1 科學、 而 

研究 者之^ i 不同也 . 

ISALS FOR THE NEW ESJCATSN. 自由 者就主 觀而言 TN! 也 然我欲 自由训 

亦當;^人之自.^故通於客#平等^^/就客^_^言之也、然我不以不平 

等遇人、则亦不容人^以不平等遇^^故通於主#1 1^|^、相對而實相1| 

一 要皆 由消極 一 方面 I 言之、 苟不 i^J 之以精 極:^ 之道德 、則^ 吾同 胞.^ 

固有因生磬之不齊、境^1之"所5.^^自由、而不遂、求與:<。平等而不能^1^1 

將 一 切 Ir^s 之、 而所 誚 自由 If 平等 之量、 仍^ 能無 缺^。 

現象世界與實體世界之1^^何在^日前^|^相對、而1者絕封11者範 

阐 g 於因 律、 而 後者超 i 乎 E 果律、 前 者與空 S| 時 1? 有不 可 離之關 

係?, g 後 者無空 Si 時 SIM 之可言 、前者 15. 以經験 § 、而後 者、 全視 道駄故 

實體世界者不可名|,口者也、然而^以是爲觀念^^ 1 種矣、 測不 得不强 

爲之名 、是 以或. P 之 la 、或謂 太&、 或謂 之神、 或 謂之黑 暗之意 或 _fs 

之無識 之意志 、其 名可以 萬&、 而 觀念則 一 。雖哲 學之流 派不同 敎家 

之傣式 不同、 而其、 所達 到之最 高觀念 皆如。 是。 ,o 

算學實 主 S 也、 而 數爲純 然杣象 #ziS 哲人畢 is 拉士、 以數爲 

; 萬物之 le^ 



Lksson 26. NEW TERMS • ^ 



LESSON XXVIl. 
European Civiuzatiom. Part L 
amusements and art. 



默 R On^ feng^. European customs. 
KIcRJ^^ 0"i feng^ mei-^ yii^. Western cus- 

loins (lit. European wind and American 

rain). 

(^JK "4. To travel for pleasure, to 

make a tour. 
MRft" Chan^ lan^ hwei^. Exhibition. 

^1':^ Sai'^ Chen' f 仏 xposmon. 

m % gj- Ch^iien^ yie^ hzvei-^. Industrial ex- 
position. 

fV^rRHI^ •S'fli^ ch'in' shou^ hwei^. Cattle 

show. 

mm Ch-en' li^ ~^oa\ ■^Museum 
ttff 物? & Poa^ zvu^ kwan^. | ' ' 
ftfCl^jlvil ChV yiien-. Botanical gardens. 
勸物 L«l 7'"":/, "'"Vv,>" -'. \ 7oo!oPical aar- 

(1 lis. 

公、 U Af/«y* yiicn^. Public park. 

Tung^ lisiaiigK Brouze statue. 



圆寄 f& r'w2 j/"<i kwanS. ^ 

藏 * 樓 Ts'any- shu^ lou'\ 1 Library. 

文 / 翁 IV en- k、" 、 j 

閱裙所 Yii^"^ pQO-^ soa^. Public reading room 

(newspapers). 
贷出文 fl! Tai^ t7i,"i wen^ fe,"4. Loaning 

library. 

巡遇文 ® Hs'un^ hzvei^ zven^ k'u^. Circulating 
library. 

85 說 Yien^ shzvoa^. To lecture ; a lecture, an 

address, a speech. 

Si 說效 y'l'ertJ shzt'od^ Vai^. Auditorium, 
lecture room. 

旁 ItJ 者 t*ing^ choU^. Auditors at 
public assemblies. 

'TflUs^ fi/'y' hsi2. Visitors* gallery, 

i '""^ hsiA. Amuskmfnts, games, rec- 
reation, eiiterlainuient. 

懇锐會 ,、':"、 ch'in^ Incei^. Reception, social 



招待所 CViao' tai-^ sod^. Reception hall. 



Notes. 



蕭. C*<fl<M-{4, teueU. 
2. A ?(4, fetter. 

y Ifl fi'u4, object, aim (lit. target). 
4 W Hing', to weigh ; in tbU counectton. to speak 
iu the terms of. 



ft P,<', bHongs to. 

Chi^ <tcan% extreme party. 

抑 /4, to press down, j/a>-i4, to repress, to auK 

L«4 lun^^ base argument upon. 

Tu* c/i'm> Asin>-/3*aP, pure imagiaatioa. 



m.^^I 由 言論 自由之 公 洌不以 

1 流派之 哲學, 一 宗門之敎!^^!^其 

而惟 時時懇 一 無 終始之 

世界観 以 爲,^ , 是 之敎育 、吾無 以 

名之, 名之 曰世 界觀敎 ijJ: 

以 心理學 各方面 衡之、 軍國民 主穀, 

#於意志.^^利主^1^毗於知識、德育 

兼意 志情感 1 1 方面、 美靑毗 於情咸 51 

而世界 觀" 训統 三者而 一 之。 

Various schools of Philosoi*hy. 

唯理 主龍極 i 反抗 § 外部之 壓?^ 

口 (圖張 自已之 威植。 

唯 物的論 婦人問 純然是 就經濟 

上立 k、 不過耀 眼前客 觀之事 靑一與 

經濟有 關係者 、互爲 說明而 d 

還有 f 宗假理 假敎宵 假哲學 、似乎 

有珲 赏是 獨出心 *、 虛空 想像的 

事 S 、敎的 我們那 些子弟 、都 入了虚 

無黨了 、道 德人仏 從此大 



1/^6* 7 8 务 



70 



新名 PI 



I.ttssoN 27, 



Conversazione, 



Tea party, recep- 

Places of enter- 
tainment. 
Concert, musical 

Baud of musicians, 



con- 



舞 S 



mm 
佈, 茕 
読 



ift 話會 Tan- hzva^ huri^. 

social gallieiing. 
茶 ffi 會 Ch'u-' hwa-^ Jnvci\ 

lion. 

演 g 館 Vien^ ''4 kwanS. 

4 樂 i yiie-* hwei^ 

entertainment. 

音^ 隊 yi"i yii^'^ twei^. 
orchestra. 

洋號 Yang^ hao^. Cornet, trumpet, &c. 

Fettg^ ch'i"2. Organ. 
銷琴 Kcnig、 ch'in^. Pianc. 
手 is Sliou^ ch'in^. Violin, fiddle. 
拉琴 La^ ch'in^ \ Accordion, 

^ii^ Shoi"、 fdngt ch'in^, j certina. 
Hs" chii\ Theatricals. 
I 厂 "3 Vai^. Public stage, arena, plat- 
form, tlieatre. (lit. dancing platform, but 
not used mainly in that sense, nor is the 
word confined in its meaning : e.g. 大 M 
g "all the world's a stage.") 
Hsi^ yi'ien^. Theater, auditorium. 
Fu4 chingS, Stage scenery. 
Yien^ To act a play. Note. The 

change in the term is significant ; no 
longer 

入場券 /"4 ch'ang^ chiien^. Ticket of admis- 
sion. 

秩序 C/ii*-* hsii4. Program. (Sec also Les. 

XXX). 

正 jg Chcng^ f ing^^ Floor of theatre. 

樓厢 Lo、i2 hsiangi . Gallery. 

包 Paoi lisiangK Boxes, stalls. 

宽 尭影戲 TiertA kwang^ y'lng^ hsi'^ ― 

活 Kl 影戯 Hivoa^ tung^ ying^ hsi^. 

^影 ying^. J 

ograph. (latter term also used with fol- 
lowing^ meaning). 
影燈 了力》 4 ying^ tengK 1 Magic-lantern, ster- 
Ying^ hwa 气 J eopticou. 

儲' 機 Ch'ir sheng^ chi、 

f^ tfi Hmr* hsia2. 

gfi 馬 P'ao^ ma^ , 

itfeMyS ma3 t、i"g、 Grand-stand. 

I^yj 場 Fao^ wa3 ch'ang^. Race course, 
t^il?- 會 丁? tS"gi hu'ci^. Torchlight pro- 
cession. 

•2 勒 K««-* tung^. Athletics, gymnastics, 
physical exercise* 



Cinemat- 



Phonograph. 



Horse races. 



fiS 操 ri3 ts'ao\ The saihe. 

i^i^iKi 操 hsi^ tsao\ The snmc in 

(]istinctioii from the below. 
兵式 iia 操 Ping' sh'i-^ t'i^ ts'aol Military drill 
iJCgfj^ y/iii^ iiDig^ hzvci-^. Athletic meet, 

sports. 

運動口 y"i'hil fuptg4 Field day. 

RSf ,袋室 '厂, i3 ts'ao' shi^. ] p . 

髏操堂 了 ts'ao' Vang\ / ^ 

美跳 Ch,ang2 t'iao^. Long jump. 

高跳 Kao^ fiao"^. High jump. 

盤镇子 P'an2 kartg^ ts'i^. Exercise on bare. 

扯繩 Ch'e^ sk^ng'. Tug of war. 

競走 Ch'mg^ ison^. Race. 

薯鋭^ ShV shu'^ching^ tsou^. Potato race 
; 棒 Kan^ pang^. Indian clubs. 
1^ 鈴 i,a'3 ling^. Dumb-bells. 
glJigfSl ChV Vie^ hrvan^. To pitch qnoitib 
ga 球 ch'iu^. Foot-ball. 
野球 i"^i'e3 cliiti^, Base-balL 
jgil 球 WcnigS ch,iu2. Tennis. 
3^ 拍子 C7i,i"2 々,(jii fj|3. Tenuis racket 
籩球 Lan2 ch,"i2. I Basket ball 
德球 K'w,i ck,i"2. i Basket ball. 

打?^ 子 Ta3 /an4 ts'il Billiards. 

ra«4 ts'P fang^.BiUiavd hall. 
MM Cli'i^ chUang^, Air-guti, popgun. 
'囔轜 Hwan^ sheng^. Skipping rope. 
細 ij Mei^ j/jm4. The fink arts. 
卖 * 品 Afei3 shu^ pW. Objects of art 
卖 f^tj 館 Mei^ kwan\ Art gallery. 
? rtl 金 i^i"2 liwa^. Oil painting. 
(^眞 Cltwan^ chcnK 1 To draw or paint por- 
3^ 與 Hsie^ chcn\ J traits ; now sometiuiea 

used for to photogrnph. 
肖像 Hsiao^ hsiang'*'. Likeness. 
玉^ yii4 c/iaol Same. ― of a distinguished 

person. 

撮影 Ts'oa^ 3—3. To take portraits with a 

camera, io photograph. 
拍照 P'ai^ chao^. Snap-shot; to pliotograph. 
ifl 照錢 尸' chaoA chi"g\ ] Cnmcra, 
M^^M Chao^ hsiang-^ ching'^. | kodak, 
liii 照像 Tien^ kwang、 chao-^ hsiany^. To 

photograph by flash light. 
石印 Shi: Tiw4. Lithograph. 
明 f3 教片 Ming^ hsin"^ /m'^r* p'ien^. \ 

Picture post-cards. 
离花简 W^o"4 hwa^ t'ung^. Kaleidoscope 



1. CAiV'M lu re a verb St-e Comim rcial I'ress Diction- 
ary as follows. m\4L [省】 *i* 予海 The qiiotuLion 
from the Shu Cliitig of course 卜 icrs to a river. 

s. 7u^-hwei^, tow n or city. 

3. y/rt- i/ifv'i ih、o"2-mi4, men and &inoke. (hearthstones) 

vri V lie use, I.e. populous. 
4 £o" ',«a<H, to build, 

5. St CA ii' locality; thuse of each locality ibould unite 

wiiU those of several others. 
6> 7Vw« ,-々 'iH, village. 

7. rAi-' ", to plant with. 

8. AftMO' cA'wang-, sprouting hvi\. 

9. yt'4 /(M4, lorritl tropics. 

10. J3 ku,iffA … ,cht、 utitt{j4, to strrve u. 

It. Win^ ch'wotii/-, lu-^ shiA, slavishly liteml trinslalioua 

of botbvd niui green-house. 
9X Ftml pu^ kwan* tiais iJti$», JochI offi' idl bnUbfry. 



13. Uerelofore. 

1-1. Viii ' /fl«3, go sight-seeing. 

15. Sh.tJHQ\ ch、i,"ji、 lo petition. 

16. J/fsU'H* nung- ran^, Teirple of Agriculture, opposite 
tlve Temple of Heaven "1 I be SoulUeru City of 
Peking, where the Kii'i't'ror use*! to perform the 
ctTcniony of plonj^hitiji in tlu- Spring, to liigiiify 
l.ilior. See uotc ou iu |4黡 Muiulariu Lcssous p. 341. 

17. 鱖 C/iuri4 to add lo ; ii^nS cfiicY", lo add various 
accessories. 

18. Lin- " &c. Kxperimcutal farm!> for forestry and 
stock raising. 

%i //"','•, mark olT. set apart. 
A) >'>V'/w、'》 lure nu-aiiintf the people, their clarms 
U'iiiK put lor Will <! by the 會, wlule the 廉 4^:?!; 
prc^soJ ih<* claims ot the government. 



Lesson 2?t ^ \ ^ NHW TERMS. ^ ' ' I 71 



Eastward .thk rivehn^f civilization takes its way. 歐化東 港* 

Social EDUCATION. ; IflR 部之新 Ins , . 

第十 條社會 敎育司 所寧, jf- 務 如左、 ! 關於, 通俗 §敎 育及、 講演會 §事^ 项。 1 一關於 

博 物渖、 Bil 館事 氣二丽 於動植 物園事 礼四關 於音樂 會、^ ilf 館 事項义 關於通 

俗^書館、^」回文庫事.^七關於社會教育^籍.1^所事項1八關^^會敎|^# 

% 統計; I 事項。 - \ 力;^ > \, 

Educational Games and picts^^ 一游戲 圆準^ 能侦 國民於 游戲之 4.、 潘輪常 識 爲 

通俗敎^^ 1 方法〔已^;€^行^^凡十餘概、如.^頒牌、九九教^中國地珲脾、環 

游四界 i, 中 國航路 i 仏皆 可於游 戯時, 增 長^。 Y >K V 

BOTANICAL Gardens. 大都^ 問、 人烟稠 不^ \ 有齓 地爲合 之憐、 ¥ 故各& 

宜 合數^ 之小學 I 公 同設立 一 學校園 、其內 容有植 物園、 園 中所栽 於村 

校園應栽^_^^、更當植、:^普通之果樹|1|菜等12^苗1^、以供#熱§植物之胀 

備溫床 及綠. ^,以 供保, 2 用。 , :\ V. 

CATTLE SHOW. 木# 官宰紆 、因提 ,55 喂 费食畜 見、 g 擬於 西九、 月 1〕 十九 一 

.,比恭4獣大^|||1何樣飛禽走獸、及猪牛羊&均可入杵(比赛、凡^優等^!^^^ 

、將 大資 I 若有 J; 外牛 III 生之 小牛。 獎資 尤多、 願比 赛者、 宰 int 報名 亍" 、 

Temples ovoh^ to vfTBUCGOOD. 兩壇 開放公 園 之斷办 ^Qg^^f 事膚 21 

北京! :|1 公 園 供人游 If 种與 2 務部商 k 、擬, 天堺 te^ ^§.5 改 一作公 ^ 

已得內務部同l惟€^林部、欲將兩境改爲林k牧畜試験s^不.^^I地,tii識 

事 哲甚爲 不平、 擬與農 林部大 開 談^ ». , .一 \ 



I. 憶 /4, to recall ; chwti^-i^y reminiscences of. 
耋. Yiu^ shU, ou this account. 

3. FuA kwoH^ &c. a source of national wealth. 

4. T^u- ch、ia,tg2、 emulation. 

5. Shwai^ fhi€^ nearly all were trying to insure 
their owu winning of prizes. 

6. Hsin * ling^, emoUtments, salary. 

T'anp2 sC** &c., to perform work in a makeshift 
manner. 

B, J^i^/rff- pinff^ shang^ "、 to act the sycophant to their 
sapenoi officers. 



Notes. 
9. 



II 



13 



Fai-lang^, cloisonne : uauie probabTy an early trails* 
lileratiou of France, from whence the art catiit 
through the Jesuit fathers. 

ihe Uay afler. 

r'ttnyV here used as classifier, one ^[connected) 
piece. 

//(:' in perfect time (beat). 
Ch'ing- shu^, it certainly was. 

技 Chi*、 (dextrous; "〃'Jl>4 wonderful skill or 

tecUiiiaue. 



IvI^.SRON 27. 



^4 r/ ^ 



4 



V 



.^^,不以1^商爲1!^而^4\| 



新 



The Nanking Exposttion. { ^憶. 京勸: 

中國向 來不以 工商爲 lli 都以? -131 作官一 、 

商 之知識 越低、 格 越 下。 從打庚 § 以 .^、國^ ^.^白工 商\^』&^ 之 本 

這 才向赍 業上^ &後^ 立 a^Hji^ 都、^ ^SBfri. 萬 司各- 

稀责^京内^^1^^£勧1-^^、天^2^^、.淨^^^5^^廠.5^ 

-; 海、 均設 學堂工 蔽等等 、但是 皮乇; M 的 嘴邊上 的圖^ 、雖^ 1^ 日日 

t..i@g 嚷 g&f 也是 無濟於 jjlig 提^ 齊謀保 if 圖 iibg 島 

/fil!^M逢迎上^&爲宗旨、有名無^*%^§霡月妄費:金錢而已前年南、京 

詞- 閉第一 次 勧業赛 齊,^ 京出。 i 冇風 琴琺 繡工 科等、 調査 各省。 出品、 如 

r 一 践各稻 物品、 江西之 磁器、 江 蘇湖北 各 物品, 均爲 页美。 還有美 

名 一 術館、 所陳列 物品、 尤爲 可観。 ^ 

PICTUtl^osTALS (ACVERTISEMEN,^^ 美術 明信片 J ■ ■ r uc.^ 

彩色 S¥KP^ 舉色毎 章二分 、賢新 年用、 X \ . \ 

PICOSSAPHY. 今有 :^,, 新到電 光特^ 照 I 或金 銀象 牙等片 l5g 君隨意 

^机 S 分日夜 、拍後 >i 日 is: 取。 I 



TOCRING. 英 國貧族 將來華 •, 

有 英國赏 族組織 1 歴刚來 華游? %t\y \ .4, 

CONCJS. 有某 4R、4: 自 拂洋琴 一 I 涌 ifs^ 轉、 堪稱 、座 客莫 4、 擊節鼓 

t^§、^^Hi 臨散時 、某. ^士復 用手琴 、拉 一 、中^ € ^轉。 合 



7 



誠-皈 g 所宋聞 之妙^ 也。 直 至鎗鳴 九點始 散云. 



LESSON mm. 

European Civilization. 



Part II . 



posts and communications; steam and electric appliances. 

Vocabulary. 〜 , . . ^ , * , , 

7jc^ Slitcei'^ hsien^. Submarine telegraph 

cable. 



fRl^l". KiV chien^. Thr Mails; mail matter, 

(See also les. vi) 
IS 國 * 會 iyat0kwod^yiH 



- hwei"^. Postal Union. 



Yiu^ ch'ai^. Postman, 
f;'; Hsin"^ hsiangK Letter-box. 
fjiSf Hsin^ t ungi. Pillar box. 
fgfll Hsin"^ kwei^. Box office. 
'务局 Pen^ chii^. Branch office. 

《所 Tnng^ lisin^ sod^. Address of letter. 
jl4ttilt Ilsing^ mi"g2 cliu^ chi^. Address 

( name a.id residence). 
加印 Chia^ yin^. To surcharge. 
♦d.'&fCj!? Cl"、 inVn-* yiir p'lao^. Commemt> 【- 

ativc stamps. 
鄉衬 投逸 Hsiatuf Vou^ "4. Rural de- 

liver y. 

TO 扭 Ticn^ paoK Telhgram. 

7",«4 ,〃aV Telegraphic code. 
t^;% A/M /(('»■*. Secret telegraui. 
IKIfcTEfB /Fu"' h$ien^ tien^ pao^ Wireless 



'人 取站 ilwoa^ cHe^ chan^. Railway slatiou. 
火車頭 Hwod^ clxe^ t'ou^. Locomotive en- 
gine. 

客車 XV* cWe^, Passenger train. 

ftlP Hivoa^ ch'e^. Freight train. 

% M Clizvan^ ch'P. Special car. 

^備車 Ti、ig~^ pei^ ch'eK Chartered or re- 
served car. 

花' 1,: //rca' clieK Palace car. 

J 娜躭 -iii 丁、 ieS /"4 kzvci^ tao^. Railroad track. 
永 ShoH^ yao- ch'e^. Hand oar. 

ii^. Ch? p'iaoK Railroad ticket. 

券 Pan** f/iia4 r//,,7,'〃,. Half-fare ticket. 
Micn^ p'iao^. Pass. 

月'、 "^S: Vai^ p,"w、 

小] y:: llsiao^ p、iao4. 

'人 (WH Hzcod^ c/iV' c/"a4. \ Ivue (R. R. 
iKft C7rJ' /t'". J journey >. 

搭客 7 a' itV*. l'asseut;^is. 
航类 Ilang^ jiiK Navigation. 



Platform ticket 



Lesson 27. 




NOTE 



m C7'?"j73, to reprove, to correct. 
<:Au4 sAu4^ the make-book method, including 
hooks and newspapers, 
fl/in^-wai^-han^ , amateurs. 
€h*angi-pai^ kwod^ch'ang^, talking simple 
crossing the stage, i.e. speech and action. 

words. 



\ isi^ &c., one could characterize it in three 



NOTES. 




6. 


both 






8. 


and 


9. 


three 






10. 



/2 ch itf4 Mu/an^-fnu^, the whole spectacle. 

/4 yuen', artists, here actors. 

Chfic'-si^, artists, actors, professionals. 

Lianf}^ chod " ju*、 banished reformer now returned 
from Japan. 

/j4 Ian: shuA ch'ii, aeveral times a day. 



THEATRE. 按戲雖 小道感 人最深 

所以 歐美列 邦都拿 唱 戯 當正經 

事做 *E 爲改茛 風俗、 勧 比 

, &演說 都强。 近來. 們中 國也、 

都 明白這 箇道理 t.^ 就如濟 南吧、 

有些年 輕志士 d 也排了 一 處新 P 

戲、 惟 獨是、 些門外 唱白過 i 皆 一 

不 按规矩 、所^ Ml 除了 s^ —f 

淸外, 餘無 他長、 並 且弄得 

對毫 II 意 El^g 二箇 字的批 

新 1 1、 切關 k 皆於 人- 邨大、 . 

有益 tHl 諸藝 i 都是 ^ gig5 

"加 意排演 

Reception OF WELCOME. 梁 卓如先 

.i^ 此次 歸,、 到京^ 各界 開 會歡 

1! 日凡数 k 。站 君特定 於三十 厂 

1 在湖廣 1 大茶 話會、 }^ 

請各 政客新 聞記者 以及各 剛體、 

以^ 歡迎之 雅意。 



74 



新名詞 



LttssoN 28, 



輪 j|g Lun^ ch'ivan^. Steamer, steam -boat. 
A^iK^ Hsiao3 hzt'od^ lun^. Steam-launch, 
jjfj^l Clizvan- p、i(wK Steamer ticket. 

Chiii^ vting^ c/im4. Life saving ap- 
paratus. 
艇 Fei^ t,iiifj\ Air ship, 
TiS 行機 Pcii hsing- chi^. Flying luachiuc. 
水 難 Slnvei^ lu^ fei^ fing^. Hydro- 
' acri)phine. 
贯寧 TicH-^ ch'eK Trolley, electric tram. 
^^|/1^5路 Tawi kwei^ fie^ Monorail. 
地 Tii tao、. Subway. 
fi^i Ch'" ch'e\ Automobile, motor car. 
自行难 Tsi、 hsing^ cWe\ \ g; ,^ 

Chiao^ {or chioa^) fa^ ch'e\ \ cicyue. 



汽!^ 行車 t:n^ hsin(f dxe^ Motor cycle. 
Ajj^^ Jen^ "4 ch'eK jinrikslia. 
皮輪市 P、i2 Intr die'. 1 Ruhhcr tiie 

If ^iji Chiao^ p x^ ch'eK \ jimiksha. 

Chi' chao^. A passport, a peiinil, a 
license (for carriage). 
四輪!^;車 5'/** /〃》2 ma^ cKeK 1 Foreign 
•) [!^ 傘 Ma-^ cli'c'K ) carriage. 

Ticn-^ tcng^. Electri*^ light 
電弧燈 Tien^ hu^ taig\ Arc light. 

1^ Tten^ jung^ teng^. Incandescent light 
發 i 機 Fa、 "V"4 chiK Dynamo. 
電; 话 Tien^ hzva"^. Telephone. 
電!^ Tie," li,i{j2. Electric bell. 

Tien^ sJianK Electric fap. 



i 




JURISDICTION OF BOARD- OF P0S1.S AND COMMUNICATIONS. 

-交通 部举^ ^電、 航、 四 -1 各機關 事務。 

STAMPS ISSUWD ONLY BY C:ITRAI* GOVKliNMEXTr. . 

z 郵票. ffl 中央 政府^ 發、 f 不 得另行 印用、 m&, 

一。 1 ¥ \ !f ^^^^ 

^ H^^^^^^\^os. 九月初 lYTI 侵 1SS 應省 城爲新 

一 -Mi^i: 緊閉^ 數 日> 偷^ 先行 1 人可 

. 准 出入。 1SI 分局 &務總 軍營統 發. 執. 

軋准其 出入、 惟出入 ^ffl^^ 越城 兵士、 於城 

3\上、 垂梯 ig^ 事前 一 li 、有軍 、將郵 

i ,南 北猶、 未|> 行聯合 之時. ISTl 題、 即係 《^ 

郵票 面上、 如 何表一 對於此 、事、 了 U 無所 

偏倚爲宗51111於公衆、之利益相宜、故定將、郵|8^ 

加印文字、表明,:^^.之 ^11^即以臨、時中立四、字、橫印 

數 i 郵票 之上。 其 I 票於十 一 月 、福 州、 試行銷 

而各省 ^ 即有 1^ 對 之意見 § 發生、 於、 是 此項郵 

票當即 收回。 數 星期^ 經南北 If 京 政府、 兩面商 1 

所存 未种加 W 之郵, 票、 即/ 按直 !!: 加 印中華 民國四 

字、 以作 示表。 . 





始 /•, cause, entail. r 

Vin^ already printed. 

Niti nifnj-, Ibc Shanghai-Nanking R. R. 

浦 P'u3, a hank, here for P'ui-k'otO, town on Grand 

Canal. Vhiftg^ P'u^, ihc TjcnUin-P'u kou R. R. 



Notes. 



HuA Hang* 
R. R. 



the SbangUai-Haugchow or Cbekiang 



Chung^ ShaH\ title of Dr. Sen. The use of title 
instead whole name has h flavour of rt spect, akiii 
to usiitg nntiic rather thiiii sitriiaim' in FiiK'i'^ii 
baroiiclcy. It also sccni.s lo inrljcate that hr hclonj;s 
to the nation, as AiiK-ricuns spealc ('f Tc(M v, or 
EDj;lishiiKMi of Hobs, but without the fiiniiliarity 
implied ia a Dicknamc. 



M 

«5- 



//startg4 CA'//ig^, Birth place of Yufin Shih K'ai. 

/, Dr. Sen speaking of himself. 
Ts',"iQ: s/ii*, devote oneself. 

n",ii、、-Oti、、 the Shantung Railway between Chiao 
chow (or Kiautschou) and Tsiuan. 

Ch*\ng^-iaoi, Tsingtau city 

Ch&fM、, tax. money paid for license. 

AfifiO' i/'"'"', call for justice. 

/Va-* /iw, />!'■/<-. Ilcrlii. autl rarift. 

01 AVtt4, lu Uay. 



The .RAIIJIOAD. ——NECESSITY OF UNIFORM l.A\VS. 鐵 運輪必 .f^ 統 1 法方 免胎 

si 現 出陸軍 部印^ 齓馳律 Is 省 「各 路定車 f 滬窗津 浦滬: 各 IWK.t 

車牛價 一努、 軍用品 g 運.^ 牛價券 } ^^使 用規鮮 、頌, 給 各處、 以歸統 \。 

京函云 、聞中 ^言第 大總統 、仍當 ,4 之項朌 is 自願從 *| 於鐡路 f 預算 

1 十年 成鐡路 1 1 十、 萬里、 至此. 取 一建築 cit^f 願親赴 歐洲、 與^ 借 

六 十萬萬 、以四 十年^ 限、 將原本 歸還、 四十 年後、 即 純爲中 國所有 云云。 / 

RAI,5S.Y NOTICE. 膠, 鐵路毎 於鱧拜 1 1 拜六日 、由 濟西貼 所開第 1 | 蹚車、 到 

靑€ ^時、 搭 客可直 接登郵 輪赴上 凡搭客 欲直接 la 輪船者 、可 在靑島 大碼颜 

:. Equal Rights at Railway station. f 人力 車上. 車捐 四輪 US- 不 上捐商 费 

隨 便 重、 官 場 人坐花 *i_、 坐碩 等車, 大舆 免 在某鐵 路 又出一 /種新 政 策、 凡 是 

到火、 車貼 迎送、 朋友的 、以及 各#房 的夥計 、皆須 31^ w^i 却 ^) 官場人 、外 

«人 、不在 此例、 (這怎 ^kn^ 、民 國呀、 涵民呀 、以上 的稀種 不平、 我們 還敢鳴 

^嗎 誚問 這平等 幸一。 i 膽張 民權、 怎褒講 好體 面平等 、好體 面幸一 „ttr, 

/ 、 \、、 ,, \v\).v -、 

ASOPLAN、E.,^ 國 有名飛 jE 豕某君 擬在木 ff^ 試飛行 機此君 曾聘本 國有名 

^Jj^J^ 飛 行事、 亦用心 ^究、 後此 君得冇 等飛行 畢業文 憑\& :在 

^Bl^ 各。 大準飛 g 、定. ^德國 飛行機 、及白 鴿形飛 行機, 今來靑 島、 擬 以白龋 

形之機、飛讽〔該機爲最新^.有六十匹馬力、毎點錢能飛行一 1 百華 ffif 又能容 1 1 

人坐; i£ 即此 i 及 一 搭 客也, 已擇定 蔽 地方、 定於某 CC 開、 君欲開 

服界者 、幸. 此機 III ^ 



76 



新名詞 



Lesson 29 



LESSON XXIX. 

European Civilization. Part III. 

HOUSE AND APPOINTMENTS, FOOD, CLOTHING &C. 



Hotel, boarding house. 
Hlevator, lift. 



Irou pipes as for water or 

Piped water. 
Illuminating gas. 



旅 tiflr 乙"3 kivcn^. 
P)}J^ 口 aH、 ticnl 

C/i;' ch'" 
風 $^ feng^ liin^. 
iiU^ T'ie^ kivan^. 

自來水 ' /ai^ shzvei^. 

im Mei3 chH-^. 
煤氣 i5? ch'i^ tcngK Gas burners or 
K^ljr^ [ji-^ tcng\ Street lamp. 
火? li't? /-/"zt'ofij chiu^ tcngK Spirit lamp. 
火洒 llii'oa^ chin^. Deiiatiirized alcohol. 
手 效 Shou^ t、P thig、. Lantern. 
地, 谿^ ri4 yin^ isV. Cellar. 

f^^ri^ f'' !" 2' (Hot air furnace. 

枯煤 mei^. Coke. 
Ijftyic 管 PVn' shzvei^ kzvan^. Garden hose. 
水 fit 'Shwei^ lung-. The same ; a pump. 
t'ien- liaoK Fertilizers. 

II nX'''- ! Straw'nat—. 
^M'^ Pod^ yie^ ch'zvang^. Window blinds, 
Venetians. 

鐵系 $窗 T*ie^ sha^ ch'wangK Window screens 

of wire gauze. 
茶蠅紙 Tsang^ ying- c/iP. Fly papei. 
布 Fu4 feng' shan^. 卜 uukah 

扇 /.ai sha$$\ J 
案: S 表 piao^. Thermometer. 
^夾 <S 了, "'、 i hia" kweiK Safe. 
鬧, A'flO^ chungK Alarm clock. 
自?^ 5^ TjH ming^ chiotg^. Striking clock. 
皮 ^ 子 P'i^ chia" tsV- Small hand bag. 
皮 ^ 尸、 2 力 aoi. Valise, suitcase, travelling bag. 
暴水 Moa"^ or mei'^ shwei^. Foreign ink. 

SS-^T'f.-. , 2 1 steel pen. 

自來 墨水筆 Tsi^ lai^ rnod^ shwei^ pi'、. Foun- 
tain pen. 

活字機 H7vod^ ts'i^ chi、 \ Type-writer, 
打字 機器 ro3 tsi^ chi^ ch'i^. ( (the machine), 
fi^ 字記考 Hzvoa' ts'i^ cf"4 chod-y ) Type-writer, 
fj^^ Ta^ tsi"^ cliod^, ) (tlic person). 

&言 2 入 Sii^ c/"'4 jcn.^ Stenographer. 

速記錄 >S^<4 i7n» /〃4. Short hand report. 

速記法 chi^ /a3. Short-hand. 



Date-block. 
Brown. 
Sponge. 



Biscuit, crackers. 
Butter. 



月 fj> 牌 

掠色 Tsung^ si'^, 
Jft 絨 Hai^ jitng\ _ 
fipfi 良品 Kwan-^ fou^ ihi^ p'inS, Canned 

goods. 
餅乾 PinffS kanK 

资 由 Hivang^ yin^. 

奶餅 Nai、、 ping^. Cheese. 

冰吉零 Ping^ chi2 ling^. Ice cream, (last two 
syllables probably attempted transliter- 
ation.) 

hIM 菜 Lung^ hsii^ isai-^. Asparagus. 

波羅 Ife Pod、 lod~ kzi'od^. Piue-apple. 

^^4^ Fa4 p'en^ tsV. ) Raspberry, (the 

$1]^"^ T*si^ yang'^ me'i^. ) first lit. an inverted 
bowl, from the shape of the berry). 

草菜 Ts'ao^ kwoa^. ) Strawberry, (first 

life* 梅 TV* ymig^ ,ncP. } name translation, 
straw-berry; second name a curious de- 
manding of return for borrowed name, 
the 核^ being the tiee-strawberry com- 
mou ill Shanghai). 

咖 Hit K、a-fei. Coffee. 

Note. Probably there is a place in China wherf 

these characters are pronounced thus. 

mm K'oH' k'oii\ 1 ^ 

寇^ ICoH^ k,o"、. J Locoa' 
初高辣 CVjV kao、 la^. Chocolate. 
fi7X C/ri^ slnvei-^. ) Aerated water, 

崎 a 康水 He- Ian- shivei^, i soda-water. 
(^'Jg Pi^ chiu^. Beer, 
i^j'g Yien' chilcn^ Cigar. 
紙烟 CVt'i3;yjfii、 
香远 Hsiang^ yien^. 
装 Yang^ chwang 、- \ 

装 Ilsi^ chzvangK V Foreign Clothes. 
洋服 i^awp2 J 
制服 Ch'i^ fu 么. Prescribed dress., uniform 
大 服 Ta^ 〃3 //<2. Formal or full dress suit 
'^-|g^g Ch'ang- "3 fu^. Informal dress suit. 
i^fS /V'r* Business suit, ordinary dress. 

大^ 帽 TV li^ mao'^. Stove-pipe or top hat. 
常拳 St3 Ch'ang^ li^ mao^. Derby or bowler liaL 
^式 1^ 帽 Hsii shi'^ pien^ mao ^ Foveigii cap 
Tiao^ tai^. Suspenders. 
尸 oa"ai"r2. Neck-tie. 
J^^llli 錢 Ckia、 pi^yien^ ching^. Eye-glasses. 



[Cigarette. 



UaaoN 29. terms Z 7t 



V7 



Notes. 



Introductory note. At 6rst one was inclined to 
eHticize the appartntly cbsurd iinporlatice assumed by 
■the question of dress, at the time of shaking off despotism 
fciftl foiiiuliitjjr the new Republic. One coiiM not help 
coMiparing it with the keen absorption of uiiud on the 
matter of clothes, at the supreme moment of chaii^tii)^ 
this world for the world to come. It is true that every 
phase of life was investigated with the qiiestiou of how 
It should be changed. 

But with reference to this sartorial problem, it was not 
a question of change simply for tbe sake of change. It 
was but natural that the Chinese shouUl wish to do away 
wilh the queue, iui posed on them against their will :is a 
of submission to the Mnnclui. Then arose cndU-ss 
questions about what was fittinj^. and the newspapers 
wtTO filled with editorials about dress. The Chinese 
gariuctits would not accord with tUc h lir cut in fort'igu 
style. Oil tlic oIIkt linml, tht* foreign gunnciits wuiild 
look ridiculous in making the ^'i>t4 i'on. So customs as 
well as ^j;irmtnts iiitist be i)iaii^td. U was nii easy 
tliiiij; to ileoitU* against tlie k'oH i'ou, as tint also savored 
oi tyranny. Uut the foreign ilress prescnte*! many a 
diHu ully, which hat! to be (Itsoiisscd pro tind roii in edito- 
rials, ami which met with very deciAod opposition from 
the silk merchftnts, who saw tlirii livelihood tlircuteued. 

Nolf I. Chic- I«l Kk tracts from. 

1. ria" toUi tnast be. 

3. P Iu4, misgivings. 

4. Ftt^ here neither clothes or to wear, but 膘 tB, 
subject to. 

5. \in^ weV^ excessive severity. 



13 

IS 
16. 



19 



ai. 



23 

-5 

id. 

'•'7 

:S 



S CM' immediately ; yu' coalesces with II. 
Chi^ ch'ie^, on the spur of the mom cut. 
/3 hsu^ ying^ chi^, to meet the ncet\. 

Ch^ng^ ching^, vie with each other. 

"NU jwtffs, broad-cloth &c. 
11", chi'-*, foreign fashions. 
Ch'ang'* hsiao\ extend the sale. 

SkuA ch^ng^ tai^ hsiuij*, numfrous affairs " tUli 

await settlement. 

/4 in addition. , 

戎 Jung-, military ; KUtnp*, pressed ; 儋 t$UHff4^ 

worn ; 一 unceasinf m.irche* of troops, (Williams). 

Htvnng' hwnng^, c-'ufusioii of mind, like Book 

of I^itcs,—fi 皇 jg 如有 Sffii^nJ:^. 

jSc )'〃''.' liki" 所 lu meaning ; that which. 

Wc'i* picn^ &c., it is inconvenient to ftttenj to 

l!u- iiutlcr hastily. 
Pi4, Pres. Sen refcrriii^ to himself. 
Til at is. weslorn clothing is not altogether suitable, 
ritt, <u*t quite a while. 

/juitifji ytu I -'f and have probably already 

fdiiiul ^ouie pl.ui. 

^ i* OT ; " hu'odi, or else. 

1^ Ts'aO, to choose ; pod^ ta'aii, to select fr© 籠 • 

large iiunibor. 

7 'irri' ch'iw, to iiivfsti^jate. 
'l"u' A/ii-i, imttcrii. fashion plate. 

09 r/'i〃i', lo kok at; iuuii ■ I 人"" '• t&&lcfu 
^'liu-* bcic uituns thus. 



r 

I n 

s e 

£ 3 . 



針 



^ss 扣; 5: 



CLOTHINC.IREPLV OP PRWS. S»N TO SOCIETY 

FOR Promotion op Domestic gocds. 

湖錄 孫大總 覆中華 維、^ 

鱧服在1^、^1^^服聽^;51^^ 1 定 

辦法" 1^ 齊 f。t.<ss^,i^ 制淫^ 

.^ 1 i 乏下、 疾首 i 心、 故乘此 時機; ^(欲 盡去其 

.2 lis 

7 



舊 染之汚 Jlj^ 辮之後 1^ 一於 易服、 又急切 

; Hi i 不能得 €常之服1?^以需應、之、於是^. 



a a 

d s 



I. o . 

f!es„< 子: € 

花 ,^;推« 



滞惟 是政, 新立庶 政恃興 益以。 戎馬倥 

您、: n 夕皇 IHif 责未能 m 顧及 ^、 而鱧服 

X 實與 M 體 未噸 kft 從事、 且即、 

, 時西 fflffli^s 意以 f 、尙 有未盡 

4! 者、 噴會雜 W 有 i^sp 心 t^j; 九 應如何 

博 i 西复 加以改 H 、即 由赏會 

切實推 !^、 擬定圖 1$^ 加說明 、以、 備竊 i 

此等衣1!^其要點,,^_^適於衛^^便於, 

乂宜於經^壯於观&^時又奶綠業条 

業各5^力加改哀、||衣料仍不53阈&:6 Z 

4J 」.^ 




Notes. -^^ ^ 



'/he newspapers of the time published a fashion 
plate ; ill the first line, foreign trousers, atid choice 
between " swallow tail," and a modification of frock 



In second line, choice of coats is between tuxedo and 

cut-away frock. 

Third plate shows Chinese riding jacket and long 

frown. 

For formal dress, stove-pipe hat ; for informal, derby 
hat. 

Ch'a^-chHtig '-a/*, Khaki ; name of color not new in 
China a> in the uest. 

Twei、 chitji 、 single-breaste<l, at the breast. 
Chituji /r-i shMtj、-W , two centimetres ia diameter, 
Miriff^ k'ou3-tai4^ outside pockets. 
Have we as good a name in Kiiglish ? 
t'ft loeU here means lo baste. 
C/iou- here tneaus to wear. 



13 



18. 



斥 C/i'j-i. to scold : sh^n^ a rebuff, 

if w4-J(irt2. The paper from which this was taVen 
gives surname as well as name. The original Jtfu- 
lan was 花木 fiSllhe Chinese Joan of Arc, who in 
disguise took tlie place of her aged father, and Mi 
his army to victory. , 

sz' cfiinfj^, gold bowed spectacles. 
jg[ stern. 

Usim 口' * pienA ' "【 rao^, the heated argumem pro* 

cecded without interiuption. 

This clause illustrates a difficulty often met in 
Chinese, where it is not essential that every seutencc 
should have a subject. As one reads down, one seea 
that it was the Atnnzon and not I'i, who was escorted 
by Deputy Chin Lo see Miss h\, (female ho a of 
(listiiii^uished man; —— term coming into use). 
@ H wan^^ name of tree, a post ; p'an* hwan'^ tOi 
get on with difficulty, to loiter. 



(40)。 以 - 



RF。S.ATI§S KOASSC DISSS. 臨 時參議 院議決 之服制 

子 fil 分爲 大鰌服 常鳢服 1 1 齔 〇 大鱧服 、式、 如第 一 ii 、料 用本阈 絲織品 • 

色川 i^〇 常 鱧服分 一 1 如第 1 lii 、料用 本國絲 織品、 或: i 織品、 或 

麻織 色用 gii 一乙 Si 砲掛 如第三 ib 凡。 遇喪 鱧應服 體服^ 於.^ i 園 

以黑紗 〇 男子鱧 帽分爲 大鱧帽 常鱧幅 一 一配 . 

RECUSIONS REGARDING Di OF OFFICERS. 軍官 常服用 茶靑色 對襟七 翻.^ 平圆 

Iff 徑一 一生 W 上下、 各做叨 :::^.^ 一 丽。 軍官 si &、 i 寬 I 生 的五之 平金辦 

1道, ^ 、 

EXTRACTS FROM SCULATIONS REGARDI-^^WSS FOR GI RLS- s cqgo^g. 女 學生自 中學校 

上^^.^„^用黑色。〇女學校可特紘襟草;^、,給學生%於,^前、以^^誌 

cs^^ 料、 以木國 製千" 品之堅 固携素 资爲 ±^ —2 J / 

General .^rs encounter with an Amazon. 女穿男 服受申 135 中國女 子某會 

是個木 徽女士 、幾 天從上 海到了 湖北、 去見黎 副總統 ,該女 .Ij 未^ 着個 M 〔眼 

上帶着 個金絲 1^ 穿西洋 W 男人裝 、自 已覺着 文叨極 黎公 很說不 

是〕 勉强 着叫、 他坐下 、就? ^顔 厲色: ^勸 誡了他 I 番、 說到 一 ^輕輕 的女孩 

子、改§11^西^^?<.^成5^^;<的裝歡整日家在外邊、胡跑亂走、^我看來、很有 

點不 i 你自^ llfrlm 樣 t 該女 士答 m 一我 們固妖 1^ 個袁 弱的. J^tfs. 是在南 

一 仗的時 這個樣 、呢、 那裏有 不好處 來"? ^l^F ⑧, 的 留不住 

好參. 議廳 ji^ 爲公事 、大 開 會議、 黎公 就起身 1^ 後經 領 去見 

着黎 女公, 子、 盤 了 一 天才走 L 少 

- " ^ ; WAX 



V 



Notes 

I. T^aM rao4 cho&3, overcoat 

,• Kura^ p'i» mao4, water-melon rind hat, Ihe little 
collapsible Chinese skuU-cap just oome into fashion. 



3. Lu3 8ung4^ Spain, from Luzon Islands. The follow 
tug names of brands maj afford an interesting 

puzzle. 

4. rteni shang\ Tobacco tnerchanU. 



LESSON XXX. 

Unity and Regularity, and tiiEir opposit^s. 
Unity, identity, one and the 



same. 

惟一 I'l Unity, single, the only, unique. 

舉: 位 Tatti wei^. A unit. 

分子 Ta"i ch'un^ fen^ tsi^. A unit, an 
integer. 

Tan^ ch*un\ The same; uiuuixed, ao* 
adulterated, 

WllK 7,"''i cJi ien^. Simple, hoiiiogeiieous, 

unadulterated, unmixed. 
一致 /=f/ii'4. ) Uniformity, uniform, of one 
一 fjt / - /h4 J kind. 

劃一 Htva^ i'. Uniformity ; entirety, unity ; 
to unify. 

j^-— 'J、、 %\ To unify, union ; united, 

centralized, geiierai. 
共 fll Kumj^ h:". Uuilcu as to purpose or 

goveruLueut. 



聯合 乙 tV/js hp, I To tmite any two parts, to 

Ifl-g^ Tsu^ he^. ) consolidate ; confederateij 
統& Tung^ hp. To unite all the parts, to 
integrate, to put together (as several 
numbers). 

併合 PiMff、 fiP } To unite, to ainalgainate, 

合 fff He- pin'j《. ] unitedly. 

S$W Kwii ping^. To reunite. 

協 fn] Hsie^ t*ung^. United action, unison. 

協 B 力 Hsie^ chu^. ) ^ ,. 

M 力合作 了'""6^2 HA hP tsoa^. ] *^oopei"um. 

Mi: T^uftg- c/iH. United in aim. 

b! !結力 了, ww»2 chie^ li\ Uuitcd strengtli, 

unity, unitedly. 
Iffl 結 T'wan^ chic^. Affiliation ; au alliai^ce. 
聯絡 Lien^ hd-^. To affiliate. 

'Pun J' vu'fii]^. Allies, au alliauce j to 

make au alliauce. 



Lksson 29. 



1 



UW TERMS 



79 



Dress of New i-apiamsnt. 是日到 會議員 人 

ali;ffisni.K 百七十 七人。 服 頗不 li^ 

1# ^世界 5^ 行大鱧 服者、 有身穿 大鰭服 

而碩、 戴便帽 戴鱧帽 而身著 粗呢外 

廣者、 有著中 國常服 丽 戴 瓜皮, 者、 種種狀 

態 "殊. 杉 亂氣 、 、 J 

A。E s SM2CE. 現在,l到^i風,^sf 論 

麻、. ^毎 天都 吃幾捲 有 錢的吸 玻璃、 

楠的呂^|<、皇后脾的呂宋、駢.蛇脾的埃?^氣 

以及種 稀袁重 紙烟。 中等人 毎日吸 食的、 是 」 

雲龍、 孔氣. 5^ 刀脾、 人^ 球、 等等 香烟。 致 於 ,,一 

錢的 我那苦 同胞、 不論他 作什澳 苦^、 " 

i}t 上雖然 穿,, 的破 氣肚子 裏有時 也吃不 

飽、 毎天 雞牌兒 人烟、 也 要吸個 兩三包 

總之無 論何等 社會、 無不吸 紙烟、 中國現 

在眞是 紙烟的 世界了 li^l 1 十餘年 中國吸 

紙烟的 氣又不 知被烟 弄了幾 萬萬去 了。 

MISCEPANWUS. 小子 赶忙退 入旁聽 ^> 一屏. U 

氣似不 c„l 敏 干四 W 鐘、) 

1 枝鉛 ^ 打, 日記 it 速記所 



Notes. 

Kung\ has here a verbal significance added, and 4. 
c/114' is a preposition ; h ung^ c?tu\ tojjive in common 
to. 

0'iVw2 chifig\ alreftjy. 5- 
S Tsi\ thift. 6. 



Taii hsic4, supersede ; hs"i、 ckiuA h、itA、 (ran- 
sitional. 

Ch'ii , hope. 

iS to atore up, to cherish. •、 



80 



名 新 



Lksson 30. 



SlJlft T'zvan^ t'i^. An organized body, an 

orgauixntion. 
全體 Ch'iien^ "3, Au integer, the r/hole, the 

entire body. 
分裂 f^Mi Divided. , 

分子 tsi^. Fractional part, small portion ; 

a section, a component part. 
一部分 户", Au integral part, a con- 

sidciaMe part. 
有一 部分 y'"3 /- p"4 fcn^. Partially. 
循序 Hsi'm- hsii^. Normal. 

Cli'i-^ hsiiK Order, orderly arrangemeist, 

order of exercises. 1 

秩序 不紊 C/iH /w/H wen^. 、 In perfect 

order : systematic. , / \ 

,少 ' 1 iOJ^. 



正式 ChhtgA sh'i4. Normal, regular as opposed 
to irregular, regular in point of com- 
pleteness ; final or regular as opposed to 
provisional, official, formal. 

Bfe 時 乙 in: sh'i'. Provisional, temporary, out 
of ordinary time, special. 

非正式 chcng^ sh'i^. Informal. 

通' 贫 Tiing^ ch'ang^. Regular in point of 
continuance, uninterrupted, customary. 

節制 Ckie^ ch'i^. Under control or authority. 

公共 Kitng^ kung^. General, public. 

複雑 ^"4 Miscellaneous, heterogeneous, 

various, complicated, (reverse of 單純 )• 



The State an ASS0CIAT3N op individual POLmcAl- BODaB. 

國家 就是民 族所組 40 的個政 治團體 、我們 中華民 、國、 就是 

五大民 族組合 起來: 作買賣 、國 家是個 舗子、 民族是 

個 東家、 但是舗 子總得 有掌概 計等人 、國家 也得、 有執 

行統洽 權的. < 、例如 大總統 以及各 耀官員 、合 而言之 、呌做 

政府. ?》 A^l / 

The State an aggregation of its subjects' 國民 爲國家 之份 

國家爲 國民所 結合, , ./ 、 

In union THas IS STSNCTH^S 阁分 立勢力 必弱兩 M 合饼 

勢力 必大。 r 力% 

Union of North Aye- sdys^H^FTER REVOtuTION.—EaTRACT FROM 

Edict op^》DIC-^ON.\y (pnil.sg, F^^^, /.PJi-). 

淸帝 宣布、 退 ^ . V , , 

予外^^內審*?^特璨|5^統治權.^^§:^。定爲 

共和^ "國體 。袁 i 前 資政 i 選^ 爲. s, 现 大臣。 當、^ 

新舊代 i 之 |1 宜 有南北 #1 f^.^ 即 凱以 全權、 組 

Ti 時共和 言府、 與^, 11:3 辧法、 總, 合 i 蒙囘 

f 族完全 f 爲 y 大. f 華 民國。 k \ \ 

RECS.AR G。VWRI^MIWf lREC。ci1TI。NA 近日美 新總統 以本月 

!< 日、 爲我國 .r^lisl 會 開!^ 之^ 即 正式政 J 成立 之先、 f 

, 即 於此時 承 11 民國、 穀其 昏之 已久骺 







紙 rftjJ, but, only. 

攻 Chunu*, heart, inwardness. 



Notes. 

8. 



3. ffi Us tin*, quick ; chi', presently ; chicnA here 
indicator the passive ; chien^ c/iiao^t receive instruc- 
tions. 

4. 攉 rftWcn», (o change, to remove, 

5. rt^", ch^ng4 pa M4, iu direct ratio. 

6. WeU 8 his feO, not originally not, i.e. ongiually was. 

7. M prop or mainstay of a cart ; /mJ rAV', muln.tl 
help. 



9 



Ch*un' icang^ cA'i3 /inrr, if the lips are gone, the 
teeth will be cold ; i.e. if outlying depeudencies are 
gone, tlie state is in clanger. 

YiW ch'i' yu^ shi^, yet are extraneous matters. 

CKing4 chu^, to celebrate ; congratulations 

Ch'uangi ItenJ, a new form of ceremonies. 

署 Shu'、, yamen. 

M Ch'ans, prepare, release ; ch'tins *fti4, mak« mi 

tmi, finish the business. 



14. T'w' ttti/ni cW, expect lo fiud an opportuuitv. 



Lesson 30. 




(政 同 
文 



同 
致 種: 

也 而 

中 不 
日 必 

兩 爲 
國、 協 

'-' ,商 
同 
相 盟 
依、 又 

唇 如 



V : I, 

FUES. YU.^N-S TELE 。百 M TO PRES. SEN REGAR2I^r.\PNI0K BETW&N N05.H AND SOUTH- 

帝^^^即民l.^始私從此努力進〔I;:t-達到圓滿 5^ t 永 不使君 

主政 1 再,^ 中 M^^^^ 組織、 至重且 lii 極願南 iBk 謀遮行 之法、 

» 因北 方秩序 不易. 東北 A-ij^ 能 一 氣諸 君必能 諒此若 如何 





白嵇 

日本 

亡齒 

寒 有其同 種同文 猶 1^,^ 实,' ^ / V ^ 

。§NG OF PAKUAMENI^^^ ,國會 J. f y 

前 n 、爲, 會成, 立 igjs^ 之 1 事屬一 脇创, 、故各 公!^ 、各 準校、 各剛 g 、; 

辦公、 升 i 懇燈, 以仲 慶祝。 y 、 , 

咋 日國會 ssi 會、^ 無秩序 、有議 、虽 多人 ^ 待議决 一 事、 即.^ 出會。 

今日^午。各黨議員開8^=^1^宵識、商議^@國會辦事員;5^約:&期 一 日 

可以 ^事。 .f y 

Union of peuTICAt PAS-IWS. 一黨 4. 口併 *^ 

^議院 昨日開 、會 仏共, g:STs§ ^黨、 在外交 部新、 ^iEnit 5 議決合 

併改名 進歩黨 、以贊 助袁世 fi 及目 下之避 府爲, 棠 Hi 俟 中國時 li 大^ 進 

及强有 # 之;^ 政 機關 成立之 後 % 歸. 被 i 改 K0 u^., 




Grounds of affpiation 

. !度、 爲正此 

蹈力 盟英、 我 is^RK 、未始 l^s 





, 墨 



w 日邦、 交之 將來 

侧.^ .nnM 中 H 兩國 之鬧結 力或與 




Notes 

£ Biien't all. 
Ku^ here means but 

Jra<4 originally; as an initial particle, for, since, now. 
Tai4 piao3 here a verb, to represent. 



6. 



£r3 as a final is summing up, like the kuan hua 

Yiui yitO yu', having excellence in ; /w4 /,w4, 
evangelization ; Ifi'ai* cA«4 talents ; i.e. gifted im 
preaching. 



LESSON XXXI. 

PosiTivK, Negative and other Adjectives. 



Vocabulary. 

積 ft CTu" cfti^. Positive, plenary, absolutely, 

complete, maximum, 
ftlffe f^siao^ chi^. Negative, wanting, absolute- 

】y nil, minimum. 
幼稚 chiK Young,— often used in bad 

sense, jejime, innnature. 
Jg 大 Lao^ ta^. AiicitMit and honorable, ― now 

used in bad sense, senile, decrepit, effete. 



公立 Kting^ Public (this and one below 

applied to institutions, as schools). 
私立 Private. 
U'^: Mi4 ,w/4. Secret. 
一通 K,aii I'ungK Progressive, 
i 删 IVan- /e//4. Conservative, pig-headed. 
普通 尸'" i t'ltngK Universal, generic, geiicral, 
ordinary. 



1^ 



I. 



f? 名詞 




少 一 ■ 

Lrsson 30. 



Union s matters of Religion. 中國 敎會統 1 之 M 備 

基 银之, 教^ 本係統 「f.s 佈各^ 而基督 徒之本 即在 以此統 

一 之^5表示於世8^凡居中國^內1|信奉主耶穌^督之眞^ 

^|^^,51此範固之5?^所謂統 1 1 非 i 表面 上之聯 $1 乃 由於聖 



教§ 




各公 會遇有 i 於佈第 l^^l^f 賤離他 iLi 各 重耍。 § 地點 1; 

協助 傳敎、 而於 此種特 刖佈道 之時、 尤 當力求 M 各!^ f 

COOPEaATION IN Religious Organizations. 敎會 事業. N| 同力 合作 

〇宜併合各會之^||;5行機1且宜^^;^5設 一 最大之 聖敎^ 

如全 國書報 事業、 •rtl^ 實行. 「則亦 宜較^ 打 協助之 

以期全 國能設 一 關 I^f3 以前之 :i 么 以後之 進行。 

J^^^®?^ 使與. 8: 年會同 等之項 nui 協同預 備杳一 



之書籍 

Order in the National council 




議院 兩派" , 

參議 院議員 現分兩 t 1 派以彼 此相馼 爲#? 拍案大 fh!ffl?J§ 

武之^^ 1 派如 木麼泥 ilk 坐無 11一£ 隨班 f 曰和而 0^ 將宣 .51! ^眼. 

議長先 顧左. Ifrsi 立多 5^ 即從起 义若钽 、立 少數、 服亦不 ^員 

隨 意往來 、秩序 異常 1 聽 顧打十 一 一 si。,一 ^!^長官:佈閉^即. 

持皮 包溜之 乎也。 表面尙 且如此 、內容 Is. 想。 




Lesson 31. 



NEW TERMS 



83 



特 Sij pie'. Distinctive, special, niiiqtie. 

tS.ft 7V《' Peculiar, exceptional, individ- 
ual, siugencris. 

專 f"】 Chwan^ mcn^. Specialized, specific. 

Ws '.Xe Tujuj"^ yao^. Unsteady, wavering, (said 
of affairs or purpose), 
Poa-^ joW. Weak, unstable. 

I?: PI Kuttg3 ku^. Strong, firm, well-eslablisli- 
cd. 

强化 Jj Ch'iang^ yiu^ Virile, strong;. 

ftE Chicn^ ch'ilen^. Strong, robust, stalwart. 

(SM IVen^ chien^. Firm of purpose, stable. 

娥案 r'ie 、! a"4. All irrevocable decision. 

IJ^y.f Chiie^ tzcei^. Ahsolutelv, positively. 

ift' \\\J Kao、 shang^, Superior, liigli, exalted, 
(said of attainments or characlcr). 

fit Yin ' mei^. Kxcelleiit, superb. 
X^fiJCr Mei'、、 wa«\ 1 Perfect, complete, spleii- 

Hil iilfi Viicn-' maft\ f did, siipct b. 

(:|'. 〃Vi!. Huge, gigantic, ― now applied to 
character and undertaking, 一 great, heroic, 
stupendous. 

3"'f 心 /"'•/!'. Mad ambition. 

您收 I'u^ />"t 弋 Corrupt, unsound, ― now al- 
most always nscd fi^'.irativeh , (lci"a、、'l, 

effete, de^n ^^^^5>J ' ' ^^J^" ' ' ' degeneracy. 

减, 大 

然 



S^i 狀 Kziai"^ hsicn"^ chzvang-^. } Abnormal, 
t£4 &像 Knai^ hsien^ hsiany K ] uncouth, a 

disgraceful affair. 
惡劣 P:、 lie^. Rad, abominable, eg re*; ions. 

手 fi( /'W'* sliOH^ hsii^. Laborious, trouble- 
some. 

简站 Cliien^ t'4. Hdsy, abridged, abbreviated. 

^»Jfll 人 picn\ Speedy, facile. 

^利 Convenient 

適" J 67(i* yun(j\ Suitable. 

ic/L Ch'ung^ tsu^. 1 Sufficient, complete, 

•ft; 分 Ch'ung^ fen^, J enough for the purpose. 

經驗 C fling ^ 3'iVn**. Experienced. 

jjj^ij Slii- /H. Of practical value, 

ff.n(}:j Clnvan^ men- /R Tcchiiical. 

介格的 〃― kC" ti\ Kliiiible. 

f^/IJ Ksin^ ynng^'^\^x\xs{yj worthy of con- 

f";t 仏'' " ; Vh-*. 1 fidcnce, public confidence. 

Cluing^ yao^ 
y^ jQ Chnng^ ia^. 

-袓 f-提 Cliien- t'i\ Of paramount luipuitancc. 
^u|iJ|g Shcn^ shcng^. Sacred. 
神^ -不可 g 犯 Sliiht: shencj-^ pw^k^e-Uliin^ 
Sacred and inviolable. 




究 
始 
能 

n 
m 
之 
m 

完 

全 
美 

滿 



用 1 

, ;〜、 性 

其齊 
中) 對 

'科、 於 

之 家 
究 r^t 
興 會 



面 



必 

詳 
細 



有 
如 
何 
之 
作 



的 


在 


方 


消 


而、 






的 




方 


其 






抑 1 




制 j 






m -、 




此 


性 


m 


赏、 


訓 


在 


靑 


稍 


之 


極 



5 



NOTUS. 



Wu' pu4 yui ehi' $9h piu', u gtvrn the 

liberty lo Ac. 

Jan' htae«u 



A fi' sotii uei* t Alt ns. lio>v cati it 1《 called choosingf 
Ml C/*M, penaon, piao' . . ch'i' chi*, raUe 虞 ttajidani 



1. yi'/rn^ iiien-, first year of Republic. 

2. The lecturer might have aadcd a fifth embarrassment, 
― ambiguity in reading the newspapers, where a 
cek-bralefi mun is sometimes called by his 名, some- 
times by bis 宇, aiKl sometimes by his 

3. Vw* Dr. Sen spcakinji of himself, 

4. ! Uc 乂 ' "i to Slate, t') ari'.mj;c K'r; sh^-i, to lay out. 
i; tM , to arratige. to prt 

tf. i'i* litre means but ; oh i> 3 H4 uvo a -JOmpfirtsoo ; aS 

niinfj^ cfu ,; to illustrate it 
7. f*od^ tu an* chiu ^ hsi", all the threads were united. 
V. Tbe choiU here refers to the phnse l ung^ M', and 
^ the tloub!:; question is as to wiitilier ; t is ao empty 

f rm of uoids, or is to become a reality, 
p. Tod^, to fail, or be plungod into; wn"' "3 xox^a a 

ti' e li thick fo;< : i.e. coiupklf ly bclu^^eci. 

10. ^ see. !凡' mive. 

1 1. j£ i'uny' coniiiion : yung* yuAff^ c/toJC* Wi^, tfac 
urdiuary rms of Dt-ut>ie 



I 12. i| An\ versed in. 

13. /Cm 4 wn- /m»4, that of course goes without aa)i"g 
(that Ihey are not able to com prebend it). 

, 14. Tu^ pu^ chici fu^ &c. The fu^ is not initial here, as 

I «t the h 入 canning of this sentence, but serves as 

j a clcnioii ' r.itive pr,)uouri. —but one cannot '"mW- 

1 statu! ! ih' ut '、.'、w who are t-'wllcd 

15. 19 XfU* C\^, QSt.MiV ff.:Viv\<<】 癧5 here !>r 

x6. J'u- unexpectedly, who would have 

17- 6S Wod4^ ^ c/t'eH-*, both uiean vile, narrow-minded, 
a:i'l are usually used togetbtr. Tlic chodS it> used exactly 
as the kuan hua 的 would be in the same couiicctiuu. 

iH. 'J'nu eh nodi A'we-i', a cesspool of iniquity. 

19 Ui C/iNi, how, what ; chui pu* ta^ k'tiS pei*, what a 
^ical pily. 

». RE a joiuing, a limit ; cAlo^» cA*4. social iiiltr 

ILou/se. 
21. Shi 4 /ctH, worldlv afTairs. the aiiu uitics of 
"4 successfully. wiUtout a LitrX 



TvRsson 31. 



Ay 



新 



The One-Namb SOCIETY. 元年十 一 !月十 號 晚七點 1; 某君在 校 

s 1 名仏i會^i^約數十人、山某君演ss^超日多名之l分E:大端如;卜、( |^) 

& ¥0^(1 1) 有 礙選亂 (三) 有礙交 ^(四 ) 有礙信 用、; %畢>, 體贊成 一 ^^之,抵. 

SEX-S Railway .^^kme immense but fe^possIBLE. 〈,1^ 將 於此十 年^, f, "鐵 

路 1 干萬5?雖造"^宏^§1!4『爲1第>1「斷 ^?^夫大革4^}^ 一 ^辨也 、若在 

前 1 一十^或十年、s機未}^^即未能逢其目4^起篛未久、而百端就_银、數月之 

gi 推倒 iE^ 齓故 #=EM£ 以藝造 雖 fsl. 體.^ 亦屬 可行。 r / Q 



) . J. 5J、 

IMSRFECT Conceptions of Republicanism. 我画 不推倒 專制而 進猜共 和也乎 

啵共和 4=;i¥ 將以 耶、 衛;_;: 諸责 Mi*Jjn 人如 ii 五里, li 中、 日 夕所禱 

而求 A 似仍 不得 泐其眞 夫麼^ 者,. 共和 §1 若何、 不識 法律爲 若何、 

其.§i^;>^ssi其程度之幼雜老、固無il矣、獨不解^k所謂lf^"國之斷人、所謂 



, :!開 創共和 之偉人 



An. 



r 



Corruption at tpe p。i.lb>+ it 不^ 今之卑 鄙^齟 ^流、 祇^ 私人 權利、 不、 顕 

國家利 亂 秩序。 SS^@A 恐朵自 ^使 我祌聖 不可澎 犯之^ f 而 

爲罪恶 所^、 &不大 可 悲乎。 . 、 .\ 

Advice to new Missionaries. 初至 中國之 敎七, 論^ 任傅? 或 任敎員 j 士 

tiitl 首 1 一年1^^355:習巾网」語言文.:^„^(華人一〈久|^〔以^ ^來^中國風土人情、1 

恩卞習中1:¥?^^^,飛,耍、而與華人交際、方能|2 練世&、熟.:^〈人情、更15.困是而 

知華人 之各種 Ji^. 此類知 fi 、爲 = 後任事 1 之 故 論爲敎 I 爲. M 士、 

4 及敎會 他項職 11^ 與華人 交際、 均不 IH. 少。 I I 



1% 




6^ 



5 

8 



•c 一 



7/ 



R 

E 

N 



3 

V— 



IMl-ORTANCE OP PEtoFWSSIO*. saHOH AT opwmNG MflTJNG <s LAWY9S- ASSOCIATS? 一 



3\ 



律 師公會 成立. \ , 

\| 會員李 君演說 、謂 Hi: 入 知, 師爲 n 宗所 必要、 即 知律 師地位 甚.; ifl; 划尊 

- 律師神 鄙人" .1 在 t 外氣 從; S. 師 事業. 有年 、膨^ 國大. 之"^ 

不僅、^m^.識辯^^,^&..唯 信用、 爲 解^^ 打、 出. M 不 恃 、辯, 

護 之 S 仰 Vi 將 冲國今 日律^ ® ^氣 宋^ 凡 

任 i 師 者.. 尤 i„w 以名 信用^ 云云。 .,,,^///」z ,、4>\、 

Equal ToilAL Rights. 傢哉 j;^ 人化剪 談 K^^^nn^^ 

、有、 王氏毘 =1: 一 一、 人 也、 J^KHE^S^ 而問日 你的辮 、子 $1 何 jr- . 

沒了。 剪 髮者曰 、從前 是淸國 、我 們、 隨 滿洲、 所 以苻辦 今 是 中華民 nlf ^ ^ 

洲了 、所以 我們, 把辦 剪了、 一 一人歸 、遂互 、剪其 亂郷、 老 之 0:^、 如 W 剪辦、 者¥{«^^ 

吏、 否則學 生耳, 汝 一 一人終 HTK- 得 ! :^,€|?§^义無草幅、|乂明、應胎笑1^ 

1 一 人日、 我不知 道甚麼 《明、 只覺着 ,1^ 了辦 凉快、 叉乾、 氣作 1^ 一尤 便利、 且我: g 

身分、 也 不低似 宫家、 有甚 麼不配 "!^、 辮嗎。 噫農人 能爲: :8n、 紳 士一巧 U 醒 411- 

MISC«£N«ous- 若 不在更 新之膀 ^ 洗去恶 § 的習氣 、不 但永堕 1^ 淪、 而 且失了 



V. 



y 



1 

广 



男女 平喃, f 機曾 

1 其內容 八„ ^特 S 措 通招 種" 

閒人 免唯; 1 原是 一 句" 

道老 大帝國 裡頭、 曰 f 腐敗 的就 是官 場* t 

政 府旣失 國 民之 信. 用>训 外人亦 必不信 1 

夫^ 者、, 於 官立而 霤、 且指非 一 人私" 立之 謂也, 




N 

S 

S 

E 



N 

u 

o 

N 

c 

A 

R 

T 



A 

w 



Y 

R 



, B 

^ V 

SIT 

c 

A 

p 



k .n 

r h 

a a 

d c 

J. if, 



e 

J 、l 



I V 



r 



5 -m 



c 

r ^ 



黑紀主 :Si 5 



h 

T 



s 

e 

m 



1^ 



A 



t 



e 1 I. e 

• 1 u t ^ a 



? -.5 



rl» ,t t 




66 



新名詞 



Lksson 32. 



元接 C7n'4 yiicn- hou^. \ After Christ, year 
主後 ""'3 hou^, j of our Lord, A.D. 

Note. The date number is often expressed as one 
calls a telephone number, simply one digit follow- 
another. 

世字己 chi-^. Century. . 
― 遇 尸 choiiK Completed measure of lime, 
as a century, year or week. 
子年 Kaig^ tsP nien-. The year 1900. 
Kote. This forms as much of an epocli-niaiking 
date in the Chinese Press ns it does in the Chinese 
Church. Of course the 子 occurs once every 
sixty years ; but as this lucllioJ of coutitiiiir time 
has bad its day and ceased to be, the 成 jT 年, 
tbis year of the flight of the court, will remain lo 
tiie end of time as n starting point of llie new 
civilization, just as the begira of the Prophet is 
to the Mohatnniedan. 
號 f/aol Day of month. 

Note. This is used after llie uuinber. 初 is not 
used with the early days of the inontli in the solar 
caleudar, as tt was in the luuar. 
日權 H —4 (or yao^) jlK Sabbatli. 
Sunday, 

Kote. The second cliaracter means efiiilgence, but 
the m are the suu, moon, ami five planets. iKM, 
Mars ,水 H?: Mercury, ; IC £ Jupiter, 金星 Venus, 
fltid 土 ^ Salui n. 'fliese names of the planets, 
which form the basis of classification for so mucli 
of Chinese cosmogony, lead themselves strikingly 
well to the tiaining: of tbe days of the week, falling 
into Hue with llie nomenclature of the Western 
world. The correspondeuce is more clearly shown 
in the French and Geruiau names of the da>s, 
than in the Hngiisb, the latter being iti some cases 
so disguised by the media through which they 
have passed, as to be scarcely recognizable. 

It remains to be Seen whcllier this iioiuenclature 
in Chinese will supplant the 星 期 metliod of 
naming the days, or wliellier both will be used 
together, possibly on the same paper. One inter- 
esting feature about the Pekiu^ 愛國報 (from 
wliicli several of tbe colloquial exti.icts qitoted in 
this book liave been takeu ) is tlie double date on 
llie title page ; the left bearing- the ordinary 期 
(late, while on the right is the Mohammedan date, 
a tiiniiber two days Jti ndvatice of the other. Tims 
ff- jyj becomes 體拜五 This is somewhat con- 
fusing until one remembers that their *' worship 
day" is Friday, uol Sunday. 
>1 BS U r/"" yao-^ /*■*. l^IouUay. 



火曜日 :y^io4 Tuesday. J^l^ 
水 tign Slru'ci^ \ao^ /H. Wednesday. jj]^ 
木曜. 13 yao^ /R Thursday. /jit^ 

会!^ U Cliin^ yao'^ ;H. Fridav. ^ 
. 土曜日 7''"3 3'ao4 /R Saturday. 
'句錄 Cliii-^ chung^. An hour ; after .nniih^r, 

o'clock. 

小特 Hsiao^ slir. An hour; (the Ijjp being t 

Chinese hour, equal to two of onrs), 
分 / V/ii. A 111 in lite. 

乙" s/iu\ Almanac, calendar. 
本 filf P,"3 7C';/4. Dntv. 

/4 Duty, service, especially such 

as is voluntarily rendered ; au honorary 

office. (See les. xvii.) 
樣利 Clilien- /H. Privilege. 
禾 ijS 乙 i4 I-*, Advantage, profit, gain, 
iij ffl Li-^ yung^ Utility, to utilize. 
幸福 Hsiiig^ fu\ Happiness. 
^j^^ Ming- yil^. Honor, reputation. 
>f: 名 :t 义 4 Pu\ ming^ r/i-*. Dislionor. 

先 }严1"' hsienK Precedence. 
设先 f 猪 lisien^ ch*iien\ Precedence, so* 

premacy. 
】ft£E Tcin, /V"4, Respousibilitv. 
j?? 荷 Tan' he^. The same (The last cliaract« 

is here in the fourth tone, and thus read 

means to bear). 
手^ Sit 01/^ hsii'^. Process, methods. 
景 Citing^ kan-^. K"viionment, atniosj^liere 

in a fig lira live sense. 
成 晃 Ch'eng- chien^. Prejudice, fixed opiuioa, 
實現 Shi' hsien^. Realization, 
位置 U'ei-^ c/iR Position. (See les. VII.) 
iiliSI/i H //t"H\ Location. ' 
支 ChV H"4. China. 

Note. This is not a uew term , ns, according to 
Williams, it occurs in Buddhist books meaning 
China ; but it certainly is new in the columns of 
the newspaper, ami tliey take it from other sources, 
as will be j-een from the quotation. ^> 
5g 火帝國 人 ia\ HA kivoa-, OKI China. 
少年 rfj 國 Shao^ nien- chung^ InvoS^. Young 
Ciiiiui, 

遠東 Yiicn^ tting^. The Far East. 
柬?: '厂〃 ,': 尸 3'^!',. Eastern Asia. 
ikXli:*; 降 7、;" 少 3'。3 ia^ The same, ex- 

clusive of Jaj)a:i. 
泰西 7"aH hsiK Tlie West. 
默西 hsiK Western Europe. 



Lbsson 32. 



NEW TERMS 



£7 



Abbreviations. The subjoined is a list of ab- 
bevatious cominonly used iu newspapers for names 
of provinces and towns. The use of the first 
character only of tlje name of a country, is too 
familiar aud too plain lo retjuire especial, euumer- 
atiou here. But the coiumou abbreviations for 
names of provinces are uot fouuded ou the name 
itself, but are usually taken from the uaiue of city, 
river, lake or aucieut kiugdom within its bouud- 
aries. \V hero abbreviations of cities and provinces 
are similar, ^ Is atUlcd to lliat of proviuce^ 



Cliihli, 

Shantung, 

Sliaiisij 

Hoiiaii, 

Sheusi, 

Kansii, 

Szcclirien, 

Kiaiigsii, 



-燕 
山東 i» -^. 

山西, 晉 Chi"4. 

河 *ft - 豫 I^/H. 



陝西 

甘 JT 
pg 川 
江蘇- 



秦 Ch'in 

隴 月 
蜀 Slin3. 
蘇 5"'. 



Cliekiang, 
Fukien, 
Kiaiigsi, 
Aiihui, 
Himan, 
Hupei, 
Kweicliow, 
Yuiinau, 
Kwangtung 
Kwaiigsi, 
Tientsin, 
Peking, 
Caiitou, 
Nauking, 
yK'aifeng, 
Cliefoo, 
Wuchang, 
Sh^lJghai, 



浙江 =欲 

«建= 問 



cm 



江 西-赣 

安 llwani. 
iri(!(^"==i+ll Hsiang*, 
湖 4匕= 鄴 B\ 
iS: 州 =E> Ch'ienK 
mM-'m, TienK 

^西^ 挂 Kivei-i. 
天 Ni-lUt Chin' 
牝京 =京 (« ... 
廣州 =審 Yiie-^. 
i 的京 =甯 Ni'ig2. 
開封 =汴 Pien^. 
烟台 = 芝罘 CliV 
' 武昌 =部 {or ^^{E4. 



or ching'. 
(ofl^ 都) C/"'«^. 




十^ 人紀 T. ^ 
二帝人 律 J 商 立 
日 紀 敬 一\爾 中 

元, S 聽 體\衆 、華 

相/ 必 Ki 

HiiJ 。待 阔 

不 同1 同 
涿 ^ 胞 

ri m- ^ 
我 夷:/ ^所 
親軍差 
愛 行卜池 



四 
千 

八 

百 



來 寢'」 不 爲 縱 6 如,、 ,咎 m 而凌 
歸、 賊 許, 害、 此 有 遗: 海 爾 起、 軍 

% 之 殘' 與 不 衝 I' 須 mm 並 到軍 f § r 



軍 I g ^ 

政、 f 2 



iK^ Z 衆 忍 、天: 知 迷、 之 非] 1、 政 t 

戮 S 赫、 Y 義今 只 :唐貪 甯 府 '軍 



'T3 





> 



1^^% 力. 戟氣白 M 導' 斋、 # 1 P 

事 急 贼 imm 滿 M^m 1^ 勿 告 



九 
年 
八 

月 



^、於 昔:' 酏^ N^' 
漢大食 l^iV 穀 竟 



家義、 我 有 旗、, 

中且之 漢^ 第 f"r 

m m 肉 /奸 施 
同 素 士' 立 執 我 民 爲 我 
mr^f^ 期:' 鞭' 3 今 m.b- ,4- 
% 



奴 族 4 等 U iFl 我 
並^ i 化拔 ^!^國 
非 制、 此 爾 疑 S 、民 
我 故受等 我 知 
:、% 此 虐、 於 爲 之 ^ 

家 m 甚水 救 凡 
兄、 1^ 巧 •》 火、 民 我 



督 



> 

、 Z Z 

佈、. P 3 
化' * 中 。 



華 5 
H I 
國 2 



I. £, 3 fittgy^ you, the Ungi being used as sign of the 
plural. 

3. Tsi^ si \ seek private or personal advantage* 
y /■', a liiirt; ih'wutig^ 《,, uariii. 
( /•• an alien lacc. 

5. Jw (■j, like refuse. 

6. y^iiny* here uic.ms although. 

7. I\io\-fuA chingA jru^ s/ii\ no ch«nce for revenge. 

8. ft usually means to kill. I>ut hire to exert. 

9. B VhWi\ lo whip 11|>, lo urge : ||' 力 •> to go quickly; 
ih'u^ ch、" , to go lo war. 

10. Ts'nu' /rvi-\ last bre;Uh or •j. k^i^ ; chin^ f*h / ' , ,'、,,g 
(lr;nvn >mt. 

I I. 〃,"•••. foi iiU'rly. 

1 ^. HI < 'h'ini, I" lie tl«uvu to slc'cp ; whole i»hia>. , ,i ' ' 

his skin as a sleeping; mat. 
13. Take your whip utnl . ouu* j1'>'i、' f '• ,',111'' in'l join 

the Atiiiy. 



14, T/i«/ii/^ /"",;/', laising again. reiiuUtement : cVO 

is imnicdiaicly lo he expt. ricU, 

15. 〃'《 -' soiii <7/*.i> 110 dilTereih iv 

l(> B? J/'〃/-', bai baicttts tribes oil south \ % i , tribes on 
>lic Last ; here of course, both cliaraclL-is refer to tbe 



17. Vhun^-hattg^ sti^ ! t""i /ii 、 !i"、 the Iroop'* have her*t»» 

f。rc b"nu* a i^oo- 1 rcconl. 
iS. 'J' he (urL-^^oiui; is n lirocWiniation fiastcd on the wall:. 



of Wucli'an^^ nl Iho tiniu of 
tlie uiirids of Ihc people. It 
uictliotl of clalini; ouiiuii 
fvcrylli 
I hey li 

lii: 
ill 



til'' Uovi'lntiuii, lo qiitpl 
Ul list rail' "If 
liinr. wbcii 
*u i(.»iifusion ; and 
first ', bvUublc of 
1、'"' I Surely ,1、' 
、、tn".l arise lu \m\ 
u nii'oiuiily lUtcJ 



1. ChiiS, entire. ― 

2. (0, Kw€i\ to conform lo. (Buddhist character). 

3. Ch'uo--hsivn\ Korea; atO-nan-^ Annan ; i/tirf/^-tien*^ 
Hiiiin.'tli, 頓 means due thread, anil 甸 lo rule ; but 
botb here used as name. , 

4 Jit* '7///-\ <.>l.'iaun.-'i lordship. , 

5. Chief", set up; pod^, the good (white) in distinction, 
from llie bad (black) ; hence, lo form au opinion of 
one's own. 

6. iViiti? wui, year of Japanese war ; ahi: piaoi, call to 
arms, ― the />iao3 here meaning manifeslo. 

y. Yin- , fn('、, more t xi rucia' ing Uiaii. 
8. 肌 (■/;/', n, , :mi.srU'. 

g, AV//^' ihi3, start afresh. 

lo. M S^KAjd*, tiiit .lay of montli: -,' 5/"'. first ytAt ut 



—-^ reign ; rhcng^ 5/〃/'','" . first dav of the year. 

11. Tsutii/3 tuiifji, take general ilirectiou of, 

12. C'/t '«(>-, uioruiiig tide, i^f /JsM, evening tide; cH'ao' 
hsi、. the tides. 

13. 搶 〃ux''i, lo illustrate, to draw a uiap 

14. 5fe to inspect, to perceive. 

15. C'/ii/ij;-*, uieridians of longitude ; ^ "('", parallels oi 
latitude. 

16. Ch、 in、 /'iV〃i (kU',i\ Board of Astronomy, ( Alanchu 
goverumeat.) ' 

17. Yu' h\i ou^\ to befool. 

18. To get the sense of Ibis Ic^i one must look back 
to the 弗 at the beginning of the second clause befure 
this, ― cannot compare with. 

19. Ywe/J- chie^ p'ten^, hence this word of cxplaualion 



Y'A' \新 名 詞 




Lhssqx 32 



J. 



,/ 



cmsATSN, AND ^sf^ NEW 0.^^.5. 一 一, U 國. 家"! 概 分爲一 一 J^^^ 爲文 

明^ 乙. 派 昏其舉 國之人 學 iii^ib 不 ip^^^ 



5 



其 Mii 如 菊 ii.w 大利 比利, 侧等 货是也 、^ ! g 化 . 國1 龙;^ M 之^ _ 

^is 除^ i^i^i 依佛^ 故常 而外、 一 無所 \s 、如 綱 I 






^化之 邦滿淸 人主, 

. - ' ' Is I 「^^ 

月推倒一」百餘年.>^^^©^^数1^^里^\!河山、^:1共和、^民更^當南京 . 

政府成 立時、 $ 火總統 以民亂 ^改 、去" 用之 i 鼠取與 t 大同 51.^ 

陽氣令內務§^^國元#83:#^省、人民稱便^至,,^.%1¥#^^6統 

以^^ 乎 igffi 學 i 改歸敎 1^^^^ 特 f^si^^igiig^ 其 ^ 木 ^ 

^Tlslfi 之日數 、定爲 一 年。 如日 ^*之_现出,|^費-^\1 出浅、 寒暑之 循?^ 

I rc-ir.v' - J\tf^ BM- ? 1 - rlLcrrc i lrr、om.L、 J=-.A\ ] xc^ 1 . 1 ? i I r.rTSL IJ , 、l Jll、 



夜之長1^及比較^、敉之一€低及漲落、,具11形並加說明、以便閱^且各按其首 



,^^經^線之度數、,算氣:^;^刖^_5^1^:1出,一\1、,|^| 

现6民心、限人1^;:1者1^、^_^3^觀象寿所編;|-!^^§^1^%惟 



智? - 

告我 强大之 



^^^^^ 



書、 I^in 凶 神煞愚 

進 我人民 



1破#亡11人5^\1迷:^^、强4人,拭之眞精神也,爱揭斯||以 

一 民 國阔, 民、 爲文明 1; 之國: 、願 u 【胞共 聽者" \ / . 

^MILITARY Governor op Kr.\N--;st; RKivHSNV, School twrms. 

各 5s 期令 妙第」 學、 期 〔四月 一 日至 A 月十一 l^lnr::^ 五、 週、 (毎 一 星 期稱、 ai 



Pk 



:.vnoN a< 



週星 期日, i 日曜 EH 星期 一、 爲月曜 UI 星期一 

期四 爲木曜 4! 期五 爲金曜 H 、星 期六爲 土曜日 



爲 火曜日 星期三 爲水曜 H 星 



\ 



NEW TERMS. 





89 



1. c'/it** t iiliir, thoroughly equipped. 

2. Tsf*, that is f| 《S. 

3. SA" one call IhLc for example. 

4. /u', like. ns. 

5. h'、u4;iji kuvA'i, Congo. 

f). 7b<J4 cj(l,i",Mf'l energies, fccblv rcninaut of. 

7. is inaijc up of. 

S. tt 7ia4?<, miothrr form of 耀. 



LRvSSon 32i 



有 
沾 

|irti 

皤 m 
們 r'j 

祌 不 



們 年 
三 沒 
個、 见 
要 

的 
人 
來 



〃y 



刀 



二 



Duty and psvpes 。f REC。sm。? 一 國旣具 備國家 .ZIS^SI.:!;^ 一 :>):^ll 之權利 、他國 對.; 

.01有、應貧承認之義15:^義務^發弘^^亦頗!§5?氣試-#新^^國\2|出於^:§§ 

. ^者、 其得 認. \1 欉 剩 也. s^i 洌如 § 洲之. s^^s 氣若 出.^ 戰爭 1 叛 而獨 立者、 則受 

遞國之承認也較^而受母國.:^;^^|也、尤5^4:^美.^0^^,^^1^:疋1 

H«„^v«5 s« OS IS BETTER. 今 UI 之 會 b 陷於 喑世 5^ 而: 途决無 希望、 然以 今日之 社會 

中人、^存有:.1時代之敎|11:與道德之^力^^北^@:1如此„^<^之赍年立於社會之地、則必 

令現今 世界、 復歸於 元始太 古時代 、野蠻 K 族而後 . t 

os>i s§ op 、? SEST NSS5N fesii 取茛 乎、 u:. 取大 4, 数之最 大幸; ?』 爲^ 

的。 巌大多 數者、 i 最 少数之 L^sjj^^ . 

DISC23T5D G。DS. 諸 神對語 \ 11 ^ \.\ ^ ^ 1 

有個 某甲、 陲^ 牛夜三 isk^s, 看&- 王從 <| 内出來 、走到 1: 祌面 dkinl 1 位老兄 、現在 




1 m a t h 

i 1 V t b e 

c ^ e K e 

h ^ f c f n 

醫立 

1工§ 

.A ^ n ^ s ^ n V- 



f 了幾時 、啦門 神說、 今天 是新年 I 月 I 號 灶王聽 罷問? i^^.l 改了陽 :|{臘:::;:1 干三 :!:、 我連 

^ 都沒見 、直到 如今、 我 1;^^ 肚兒哪 ^ 們說 i^^l^t 兩個 門 神說、 今年我 們倒^ 兄幸 

往年到 十一 一月一 1 一 十日、 ®w 一、 個挨 一 氣誰 iii^ 我們附 下子、 今 、 

在是 萬象三 個;! 氣、 正在 isi^l、 過來 一 個夜 遊;^ 對翁他 ;一一 個説^ 

兩個 是杜 1: 死 t 、沒有 我的阅 ^现在 道個共 和時代 >有 挨餓的 、就 i I 

仙界、 連官 場中^ 如此 ji yr. / — 

MISC5.SE。US」 .Rl 是 外人呼 中華! 通 名號。 ^vx^ 

, ^大陸 的 if 、不 是我是 呢。 — ^ >v\ 

S^E:s<=:iA 爲^ 礎- > 利川 S: 卵 條約、 擴&^ 在 遠束之 利益。 



PART I, 



LESSON XXXIIK 

Mutual Relations, 
attitude in matters op feeunb or action. 



、 對恃 Ttvei'^ Iai4. Attitude or relation to; to 

treat, to hold one's own. 
^ :fj 於 T7vei^ yii^. In relation to, regarding, 
.respecting, with regard to; speaking of. 
IJjil 於 Kwan^ yii-. Respecting, cdiicerniiig, 

connected with, to concern. 
RI] 接 Ch'icn^ chie^. Indirect, remote, by niid- 
fllc-nien. 

iff 接 ChV chie、 Direct, contiguous, close 
connection as to time, place or action. 

s^} \J} Mi4 ch,i-4. Close connection as to un- 
derlying principle or feelings, intimate. 
待 yiu\ taK To treat well; complimentary. 

jgS^ti^ Kan^ ck,irtg2. Mutual relations based on 
feeling. 

良改 Liang^ kan^. Cordial relations. 

级' kan^. Enmity, hostility. 

; y , H /4 ckienA, Opinions ; differing opinions. 

Note. The former is the ordinary meaning of tlie 
word, but now the term is usually employed in a bad 
sense. 

ffi "突 Ch'ujig^ /,"2. Mutual opposition, con- 
flict, variance. 

Kuftgi chi、 To fight, to engage in 
battle. Now used for less violent meas- 
ures, ― to attack the policy or reputation 
of a party or individual. 
執 ChcJig^ clip, 1 To disagree, to dispute, 
Cheng^ cWV\ ] to combat. 

反對 Ffl'!3 twei^. To think differently; to 
oppose, but not in such a violent way as 
implied in the above terms, (see les. xvi). 

心戰 Hsin^ chan^. Heart hostility in spite of 
peaceful appearances. 

决裂 Chi'ic^ To break off relations, rup- 



當局者 Tang^ chii? clwa^. Participant, 
资 M^- P'cing2 kzvan^ choa^. Onlooker, out- 
side party. 

Note. These two are commonly nscd toqctlirr. as in 
the mucli used expression, ^Fi):f^:^^, ♦fiWA 淸. 
袖手旁 8^ Hsiii'^ shoii^ p'ang- IczvanK TIr- saincl 

― lit. lookingcm with hands up the sleeves, 
第三者 Ti-^ san^ choa^. A lliird party. 
会方合 :^: Shivang^ fang^ ItP {4. Common or 

mutually satisfactory agreement. 
羣策 Ch'iin^ is'e-^. Common policy, consensus 

of opinion. 

合孥 HP ch'ii"2. Social, gregarious, unaui- 
mous. 

愛羣 'Ai-^ ch'ilH'. Love of one's kind, philan- 
thropy. 

傅愛 Poa- af4. Philanthropy in widest sense. 

愛 ft£* 義 t'od^ chu^ i-t. Altruism. 

奴隸性 k Nu^ hsing^ ch'i^. Servile, obse- 
quious. 

成力 I 

激力 CV"i /f4. V Influence. 

hi 化力 T'""g2 InvaUi*. I 

影^ Yinff^ lisianif^. The same, (see les. III). 

JVai^ kan^. Outside influence. 
'刺激 TVi* cTu'i. Incitement, stininlus. 
Ch'ien- fu^. Latent. 

動; fj Tunrj^ li^. Power, (now used of person- 
al influence or political power). _ 

rf-lTid /H;h/4. »0 Motive power; prime 

J'*?: 動- Viic/i- /〃//(/•♦• j mover. 

I^flj J'ei^ tiiur/\ Moved, infldenced. 

J 乂動 l:a、i'、 iifiig^. Resisting force, rcactiou, 

^•jj Pien^ "4, Transforming po^ver. 
TV' I iunr/^. Automatic. 

反應 Fan^ ying^. Reaction, - 



'.RSSON 32. 



I. Chi' ii"2, Kirin, 




黨: k 不分 ji 界、 種 

女 It^lg 平^ 

凡 男子在 成年以 

上、 均 W 服兵 之^ I 

宗;^ if 某 

I 希 發由 

^^事 暴" ^ 進 

取 作 爲根據 

A. 

也點 J7 

或不欲 

滿洲、 惟 保留其 

勢. f^-a 一 i 先之 

位,|^以保遠束平 

和之 神 聖题目 $1^ 

;藉 ds; 未 可知^ 

^ 造^ 勢、 時勢 

造英 I 

光^ 不! S. 失、 時機 

尤不 可失。 



i- 



NRW TERMS 



■ I/" 



1/ 



9\ 



10. 



Ki、 chung\ otic of Ihc craft, esoteric ; ts^uug- kt、 

/7〃'"口', from an inside view. 

r//i3 chcHy^ point out (how to move). 

g Fan^, reckless, sii per6ciAl ; wbole clause, the tpost 

reckless of Ihf reckless. 

7jM mi rig*, coll oneself, speak ol oneself as. 

|I //nrtg^, discord, feuds. 

C/tit'* 力 cautious, wary. 

«S7'/", is'ao^t those cuKBgCil in. 

JLi* /wr»4, writing articles. 

TV" ~i4, ex pre I perfection. 

/ ' /i'r", rrpeatt'lly, 

澳 iwiily pl iiD, desert. 



f9 Vneng^ galloping; ch't^ (h^einji niililary opera- 
tions. 

9t fV"-* to prow rich ; chi--vtin^, eronomics (usualtj 
u fers to coIuiiizHtion see Ics. xviii). 
Pao^ isa r!(7*, hiddni Ircnsnrcs. 

This is a hi>Ulcn allusion to Ihe plirnsc (<et les. 
iii), which is so often usc*l with referciue Xi RussU' 薦 
rlesigns. Tt " t.iUcn f roii» a ^Piitrni'e' in the Rook of 

on Iks i-ir-v , i,L "II '1 i'i:'、 、 ':' ■ ' -t, (According 
to Wiilianii., iUl* last ch.u.Kii r is n-ail /'•'), 
//sirn* i/;t* jusl at tbis litnr, at this juiictitr*. jiut 
n(、、v, 

17, AVn' //ff】 ydp* /at^4, mott fundamenU], 



13. 

14. 

直 5- 



16 



看 1 

m 

容 z 

易 》c 
作 ' ^ 
時 f 

難、 

凡 

10: 

事, 



Criticism ISEASY-BCTPByFonJIIANCEDtl^flcurT. 

看著 是很容 4 及至 仲乎去 i 這緣 知燻從 : .! : 

局^ #要 按旁観 ^淸、 也得是 個中: 說到個 中的. 就以兩 個人下 

^?!^棋説轧旁^|有位旁觀者指^11這伩旁観^^^^1總?化.:€出兩個下桃的、:: 

上、 緣能 給人家 指點評 要 InlJ^ 這位旁 觀# 也是 一 ; l^^flsl^、!^j:f 自. 

旁觀者 淸哪。 要說 我們中 I、 由多 ^ 年月的 導制、 一^ 旦而改 爲共氣 一 與應 

革的事 ^自然 是多: ^又加 以\ 1 切;^.,^&德视之分爭、犀^^之驕氣^&15*^ 

不 g 足惹 起莫 大之禍 衝^ I 之.^ if 足以 有所戒 i 、所 以說 

是今日行政樣^:^昔年、尤難然身5§1|機戰「^|^11也耍1^_緣_^卞:|^ 

分 下、 等人、 程度、 自然差 的遠、 若 一 ^^^i^„>m^^^^^^K 

到 生了許 多反動 4 徒 無濟 於事、 這也是 看事容 = ^作 時雑 啦。 

Ratio between r-RoxydlTY and Influence. 就形式 3 而論俄 於蒙古 勢力 大英於 

SI 勢力. ^gg^^k 與 j^j^i; 势力能 及 g^^g 以:^ 地與 其势 

.R^^^gsws 。就實 而 m 、翻以 ^ 立風故 sj^ 侵略" 而 大" 漠、 使於 

、sf„l 以商業 立國、 故 tj-sl^^^il 變& 豐富利 si^^ 所札争 從其欲 i 

此侧荆 之所以 涎非」 1 日, 矣。. 

New Social st-IfsRE of Christian WOMANr. (F>-ofs findings of Nation 

naf c。il.//i 現^ 民國成 .一:^ 諸事改 I 凡國民 :5." 賓 一 已 之据!;^故 

婦女於 SS:E 盡之 1^ 亦不 爲.^ 然近年 凡關於 人倫之 根木要 If 不幸 人^, 

因而婦 女於新 社會中 、不 但有新 且^ 新試 11^ 而關乎 ^ 之敎靑 、於是 急不 





1 



詞名新 



JSf Fan-, fence or hedge ; 餾 ii:、 bamboo fence ; /an^ 

vattie fence, hence, a barrier, a Hivision. 
Wan^-shu- chen^ -ch'xe- ^ winninj; and pure. 

著 故 The kn^ at the end looks back to the kaiA at 

the beginning of the sentence ; ― because, for. 

//、,>». ^ //£»k4, both mean meet unexpectedly. 
C^infJ* r/iie^, conditions. 

Ch'ui shi4 chi、 hsue- sht^, knowledge of how to live 
in tlie world, hence knowledge of the world. 
(?A?<3 here a verb, to control. 

Ckhtgi chao^. a call from governiuent, bence in this 

instance, divine call. 

Shi2 shU to serve one's dsy and genera- 

tion, to kelp the worlii aloug. 



10. 祖 Tsui, to go to. 

11. y ", one idea, unanimousJy. 

12. 7)7/4. even until. 

13. SI AVw3, break itp new land. 

14. ft Fei: 、 lo cut down. 

15- fiS Chi: 、 to plant, to set out trees. 

16. Silt f,,,、ii2, toil. 

17. 3d Tai^, when ; /«, coalesces with it. 

18. Mei^ hi- chuno^. United States of An,eHi、a, in 
distinction from Mei^ chou\ the continent of America 

19. here means assistance, aid. 

20. /•* here means strife (see (ie6iiition iu Commercial 
Press Dictionary, 軍旅之事闩^^). « 

31. 核 /^,UnuU, to expand, lo cuiai^e. , 



y 7 



V. tr 



.91蓋傅消;|^^^1籬已經破^^而保存女子婉淑^叫勒之新?:=」德〈2未^|立故也 

凡係: as! 女 H^ .. 家;^ ,離學 校\< 世以邂 此 新境, B^k 處祉之 之能力 、不 

lIS.不求勝於sf>而尤需有基像_之靈力、ii^其心中、始覺上帝徴;^之、使爲世j役l 

Religious COMrrY BETWEEI^Z!-!5TKS,r,y^NT, lioMAN AN-D GRmEK CHURCHES. Meetings.}. 



^ 中國 信徙、 眞確完 全之合 I 不能與 m 羅馬 敎之敎 友斷絕 關&、 故^ 會應盡 

;, AN Women. (Fri Prog 暴 美國女 界自. 




Cause of indep-wndens 




是, 女呼 權之影 響遠逮 後世是 一 4<^也辨^^>民11&?方新大陸黎到^棘 

耕 i& 、斯 時女^ 來者 尙少、 所以 男子更 &饰尊 敬之。 旨全美 合,^ 成新 

世《 ^平! ^影^ ^如電 、滿播 f< 洲 




我們 巾阈貧 弱的、 緣故、 在乎^ l^kAf 使、 自私 男女, 离萬 同胞統 黄帝 後裔號 

稱黄 種、 ^ 出同 種、 isl^s 難相共 、互相 保、, 四海如 一 家、 視 中调如 一; <、 

民 吾同氣 物吾同 jfLgMji 國未有 不富且 强者、 愛^^ ^l^nlj v^^^ 

Intimate connection between rw and r1^^k>n. J^^l^ 子-; s^^^^izj^t^^^^^^^ 

實 爲宗敎 之 影響、 而今信 敎自. ^宗敎 勢力自 Eli ^。然 執政 f 須出 法律中 if 使 

> ^:^^ 餅 大 能令 d 民 感情相 ^ I 我中, 弱爲 

强 之法 〈宗敎 〔實與 M 之 S ^(亡 ii^g^jws^t^ 察之。 ,) 





Ti'iW' isum:* fSt4 ji", can be firm or yielding at will. | 2. 簏 Tu3, hearty, cordial, sincere. 



LESSON XXXIV. 

MuTuAi. Relations. Part II. 

CEREMONIES AND FORMS OF POLITENESS. 



fH 文 P tven^. Ceremony. 

^迎 Hwan^-yitig^. A meeting of welcome ; 

an ovatipn, to welcome. 
軟迎會 Ilzvan^ ymff2 hzvei^, A meeting of 

welcome, a reception. 
lK 迎: i3 Hwan^ ying^ ts'V. Speech of welcome, 
lilt 送 thvan^ sung^. Farewell meeting. 
Note. This is rather an ambiguous use of hivan, but 
the rejoicing is perhaps supposed to be on the side of 
the person who is leaving, if for a furlougli or holiday. 

QiliiiH'* fli^ hivei^. Congratulatory 
uicctiug, as ail anniversary. 
追 K'fi" Ckwe" tao-* liwciK Memorial service. 
Ntite. The second character moans to in o urn for, 
to grieve, 

iil;.^ fcaii^. Public iiiuiMiiiuij. 

■J\% Slu'iKj^ L'h 卞. To liui、t the to salute 

by Iioistiiij* the thi^. 

pyjWf? Miit(/'^ l^jiiiK 'i、u tire a salute. 

'r、u'dH: /• 山 To salute in concert, as 
ill saluUii^ flag or head master, or tablet 
of Confucius. 

iJiJiiJ 67"" Congratulatory speech, con- 

gratulations. 

Sung-^ "?. Coujpliiueutary speech or 
words. 



鼓实 A:"3 c/w,w3. ,^lfP the hands, a 

拍' # Pa,' cha,tg\ f ^'aml-clappm- applause ; 



to applaud. 

鼓 節 chaiuj^ chi^ chic-. Tlie same, 
(lit. to make tlnnns of one's palms and 
liit the finger joints tocjether). 
常喝^ Ku3 change ts\ih\ To applaud. 

窗会 yien"^ Invci^. Banquet. 

文鴨, ! lycn- miiig- chie- hwiK Wedding 
"1 foreign style. 

Note. Sometimes the character |^ is used for 

?fSJElife^f •S'a3 hzva^ j/jH choa^, I'lower girls 

at weddin<^s. 
? i "黑紗 Chod' hei^ slta ' - To wear inoiiniiii*^. 
^liiJB .S,〃〃'i/'i h:cd^ Jt'iicnK To sciul wic.illis 

at funerals. 

fi' 仏, Cliao^ To receive guests or strangers. 

i^!^ Lai' Guests. 

•5^' 化、' c'/ffV^ ^sljao.^. To introduce people tu 
one auotlicr, or a speaker to an audicuoc, 
or a proposed member to a club ; to 
rccuinnieiul, as a physician or servant ; to 
"•view, as a book. 

介化骞 W'tiL/' .、-/'"'• J Alt f I uf ill liodnc- 
tioa or Tcconixueudatiou, 



內政則由^^^^55^以操縱自如而外交 

^ijl 於被 動地. 位、 强硬 不可、 和平 不能、 ■ 

(.^t 、最苦 痛之事 。• 

如今我們都是民主國家的人、國家的^3^ 

就是我 們切已 的事。 封於這 回辦國 民捐、 

無 論貧富 貴賤, 都應該 盡力、 有財 力的多 

捐些 財力的 少捐此 fl 就是拿 一 枚兩 

.#銅 元、 也不 算.^ . i 

. EXTRAC,r FI-OM CONSTrruTION 01- CHINESK- 

ANGUV.^M5RICAN FRIENDSHIP ASSOCIATION. 

本^<©、以 美岡 與中華 :^國^9相同、 

而國 民感情 互相聯 、益 敦睦; iS 

d®H 界 和平, - 

Miscellaneous. 1 種是 直接 利的 > 如農 _ 

工商 等、 一 種是^ 接生 利的、 如士兵 {:nl 

借債 的事、 已經 &裂。 VY 

雨個 人起點 s^f^ii 了 交惊。 

1 和平 對待、 l<^lj^ 恃。 



9f 



新名詞 



lyKSSON 31. 



fftt 尸 luvei^. To make a call. 
ffciii^ Chie^ hsia^. Meeting between two or 
more, to make friends. 
心 T'a;i' hsin、 To converse, (see also les. 
XXVI^ . 

股' T'chV mao^ /P. To lift the hat iu 

salute. 

股 三勒 9() T'od^ mao^ san^ c/nr kumjK Cere- 
mony tliat replaces the kotow, namely 
lifting the hat and three bows. 



fKUm '厂' >"3 t,ou2 Hi. A bow. V — ) / A 
^手職 1^' /i'-;. A hatid shake. ( ^/ 

k/c';i-^ li^. To kiss. • 
^身 ij ChU-^hnngK 1 Kind regards, 
脫 Jiiao'K > best respects, 

正 厶 cheng^. J congratulations f- 
Note. These are terms used in closiii- a letter or 
presenting congratulations, and take the place of thf 
請安 formerly used in tliat connection, jvist as the 
foreign forms of etiqiioltc have taken the place of 
the Manchu curtsy. 



t 



/>»m4 uj?/i4 in its widest sense refers ta any cerenioni- 
' al visit \slu re prc^t nts arc e\cli;ingctl, ibut lici:; jJiob- 
aUly refers to betrolbal. 

2. yiiCn- ta /i4, New Years Day. 

3. Tan^, birthday or fete day of god, ^aiiit or em- 
peror. 

4. {:ii'eng^ j:、、 Foxintlcrs' Day. 



5. Sc used ar' a verb, is translated in harmony Tvith ita 
objcrl, ― lo tran.sniit (a ttlcgraili ,, lo scud (a jt.-lter), 
to give (good wishes,) &c. Jleic it is to deliver (an 
address). 

6. Where a noni-de plutnr ia used, it often iiuUcatet 
I lie cliaractrr of tht- ailirle, an iu this iostatice. 

7. Fu^ "fns area (lit. a borUex, ruxhing all "ouud_). 



參 lil^ 議 w 鱧制、 本.^ 總統、 第 三十條 5?^ 之。 第 一 條、 Hf^ 子 

膿 爲脫帽 醃約,§1 l^^^^^^.fl 喪齓聘 i5、 用脫帽 三鞠躬 fj 第 

三 #_=gs?sfs^J^?Issi^.^ 交際 \ 痣會、 川脫^ 1 ,1^1』第四條、尋 

常相見用脫帽鼠第五條、|人饕察、冇特別规定^|^不^^用本釓第六 

條- 女子鱧 適用第 1 i 條第 三條之 規定、 m 不 脫帽, 尋常 相見川 一 鞠! K 



^第十 



亍 一 



00^ CE 

户 



CEWEMON-IES- 



RFX3ULA*riONS op- BOAWD op- EeucA-rJON BEGIRDING SCHO 

敎育 部公布 學校恨 1^ 規 & 令. . I) I 

第 一 氣元0一及民國紀念I!f行疏^1^^學年,:ii、£ili^?學生^ 

業時、行畢業^!各種紀念日、(如孔1;^^*=^、本校成立„^^)【^ 念哲. 

式。 第一 一條.^賀1^、立國旗於、禮£:|職1貝學、^1以次向國旗、正立1$^樂唱 

國歌%,員學生行三鞠躬鳢一校最故,&^復奏樂唱國§、畢^$1第三條^ 

始 ^ 業式、 職昌; 學 生齊集 11 堂、 學生^ 行 1 鞠 躬鱧、 inM 答祿、 校、 長 

CUSTOMS Ng- AND STKANSY 新 鱧暫難 f.^ ^ 、 張 fg\、 囚 

c 中國亂 nslsia^.a^ 各地自 爲風" :^、 所 以鱧節 也不能 一 律、 刖說 

蒙藏 各有鱧 1 即 內地各 省都不 能普通 f 5^ 故此 纔有百 不同風 

之 且不 必說、 就以京 城而論 I 滿漢 的規 也是不 ^地的 

人行本地的fi誰也不覺着,^&l此地行的fi叫彼^i人^=i^着、就 

不免 有看不 慣的地 方兒、 如,? S 人行大 fi〈1i 頭; 外國 人看着 一 定 



1 




\, r/i'i» -, and st'iU worse. 

a. J/n' (7iiti» U'liM j/"', olbcr foreignors, Ihosr f'' 
cigneis. 

3. Jou * nut', makt's one's flcsli crerp. 

4. yu4 Wen*, preliiniuaij news of Aunounccmeut 




5. Va'w, tietO, foreign cakes. 

6. Vh'/n^ hsian{j\ (leaned by Williams as lign alucs, 
priicd for ils fr«g" 鵬", (pfobaLly luttdc iulo 

2ViwJ yicnJ, engage la contesU, ■ports or arUL 

汇 



i 



以爲難!.1^、其寳外/详、人行握手鱧要叫我們中1 看着,也未必?^心裹赞1^冉^5?^^=- 1 見面兄 

就彼此先拉拉乎11^能說是觀之不稚、其^於^手鳢^|^就得說是^吻?^啦"在人家外.^、行接 

吻 i 大槪是 取其親 i 意思、 並沒有 什度^ 九、 只是呌 ^不 人瞧見 女接吻 、似乎 

有 點兒肉 i 。然 而這也 ^ ^# 1 方面的1_1^豫1一111之、又焉知洋人|^^見我們磕碩不肉麻1按、 

公堙 一 ,評、彼此都不兔小\^多&^是1|怎麼說、要、;^阈也通行握手$£吻兩、樣膿、飛敢說我、 

我到多 t& 不敢贊 您刖看 動不動 就說世 B^:K 同、 # 中國 1 事^ 攀仿外 M 、並 沒; 外^^ 

, 中國。 現在中 國旣、 然 改成^ 甜的國 h 體、 其 一 切, @ ^萍皆 取 > 外國成 ^、大 亂^^ 人.? 

,sl^補我之短的意甲t不能^^所事s^都以外國i師,就以鱧節而論>萨凰頭已廢、而p^^„_^^^s^ 




奢 质。 簡 |1倒 是簡! 〈、曰 K 现 在人民 還未」 一 律 通行新 1 又不能 ^f^ssi! 假、. !要 往新派 

人家去 1^^、 不 J 說、 丁 胁幅鞠 躬瞜、 設, ift 老親 f;^^ ^固的 、依、 &的 



AT:- J-EKING IN.^MMEMORATION OF,FAf> 力 BK HEROHS. 國慶 大血 (预聞 ^ 

^^^^^11大典、已定於十月十號、在天?^仏大臌統於是0,謝^致祭死亡諸烈士、已由内^ 




4^,人接恃之 

葉跌樓數^因各^^^隊不能全體離然?現已决,定©树軍血^||_树〔.^約北〈. 一 草 I 三千 _ 



府附, 近 操演, 並 擬定在 taj^c 乂 t 大 is=,5^ 所 來 約計六 七百人 



〔; 時 S 




Ch、ingi, Ch'ing-tao or Tsingtau. 

/*'"■, ttvci^y to march in ranks or [irocessioD. 

JfsU、 chill*, stop chariol, i.e. alighted, 
Sht^ shi^, just at that time. 

C h'^/t^' i/zt'fic'* sh"、 it truly was a grand affair, 
IS or to tcad by the hduil, to lock arms, 

y^'i't!-* yingi, be phologrftj»hcd, 
W 7、 力' to preactil. 

A'au* ihuHg\ lo auuounce thai Ihe ft (fair Was finiabcil. 
C4o;7dc4 likif bcc?4, dui gathered lik& buiitidida, i.e. 



in flwarrns. 

IT. W 尸," ?', fall of a motintain, death of an emperor; 

pen^ * t hia^, fall of chariot, emperor's death. 
17. C/i'ing、 black and white. 

13. Chin* ^/>-*, go ill to visit a superior, 

14. /( >/•* jAi-i &c. 1 lio nut know what would bappec if 
&c. 

15. //.«/«' t'h' i' ch'artx^t name of a firm. This line ii 
I'art ot their congralulatury Buuuuucement ia th« 
Cbiaa hress ot Oct loib 




NATION TO^RI^.CE HENRY AT TSIN2.AU. 中西紳 预備 歡迎德 親王。 今 HZE 十 八句錢 

^抵 ifeysf 水陸 軍隊、 均至碼 頭行^ 氣排 i 恭 if 九點^ 時、 至大馬 路歡 迎卒、 |r 

下 if 後、 一 1 羅手 51 氣遂. 讒歡 gal 王^ 詞相^ 鱧畢、 王 ^一 

各軍 官至叔 J^H^fk 雨大 如注、 閬, 準. 士、 皆冒 雨而: *.、 哲以 I 見顏色 爲# 労耻一 

之人、 間 打脫幅 致敬^ 、王皆 2^ 還 f』 沿路 人山人 誠盛 事云。 

FOREIGNIZED WEDDING 。£1£202^\.文 明接婚 .Js^^^ 





公所、 1^5:5 接婚^ 在法政 學校, 女在師 一 

入 51^^ 不得入 當 日均、 %花 爲, t§ 伴 tegj^ 白 - 

胖衣 p.^.^i^^/' (/7i follows 1%i.3l^^。/。ny ,.s^s the f。uowi-g: 男女 接待員 、男一 

• 執事 s^^if 奏 人 nlJiii; 導人良 管 if 人 

馬車夫 j.1 入場 ^ 、先 1陸軍5| 樂隊奏 女伴 男伴奏 琴起: g 新夫! 一! 各穿鱧 服入艚 仏-^ 對 

鞠1^、4.手撒^^|1已^,^|^^|^.及結婚之緣¥畢、女^^^^^叩.^"36::誡數語、5?- 

1;^」 家庭敎 1 男女來 各 詞 贊頌。 奏樂告 ^、全 ,鼓 掌如 .m^^s^ 機手出 51^ 

i 歸。 是 ZI 男女 來賓、 約千 餘人、 未得入 場者、 5^ 撇蝶 隨—! {^^^^j^^ 

Thh Mourning op Japanese MERCH.fv^^oR their EMSROV 日商塑 0si5S^H$y 於數 En 

前 -is! 各報 已載。 木準 日商、 各家門 Ins 均懸靑 ill 旗、 以誌哀 感一; 4 

The Queue of Ma. 1ING.BOTH-WAYS. 某君菩 * 騎 牆辦望 髪於 加冠 進齚。 自衷 * 面觀 

之,固已|§矣。特朱^;^1^^握手之時、作何景象。 , 

CONGRATal-ATIONS ON ANNIVERSARY OF REPUBLIC 新 旗曰! 人脫 帽八. 4^ 



f 




4 



LESSON XXXV. 

Oppression and Vioi^^ncs. 



Com- 



T 萄手, Hsia^ iu^ shou\ To perpetrate acts 
of oppression, lawlessness or violence. 

劇烈 C/n'(4 lie\ Too strong or violent, 

JE 力 Ya} Oppression, tyranny. 
CJiiin^ Force of numbers. 

强權 Cliiang- ch'iien^. Superior force, brute 
force. 

强制 Ch,iaytg2 ch'i^. To compel by force. 
^収 Tod^ cliu\ To seize. 
侵佔 ChW chan^. To seize without right, to 
usurp. 

JIS 制 f/iH. To put clown forcibly, to 

compel by violence. 
抑制 /4 To repress, to curb, to restrain. 

耍挾 Yao^ hsic^. To compel by measures, as 

inducements or threats. 
强硬手 Ch'icwg2 yingA shonS hvcn", 
SSifi^-ix Ch'iiUhr />W» sliou^ 

pxilsory or drastic measures. 
限制 HsienA ch'i^. Check, moderate, control, 

restrict ; delimitation, 
i'j 害 戸、 dHfji 夂 Injury. 
公敝 Kung^ "2. Public enemy, 
fHi^M /i* ^ a/4. Tyrants, tyrannical 

officers. 

奴^ A^'*2 "4. Slaves, ― now used in a political 

sense, the opposite of freemen, subjects 

of despotic govcrnmcut. 
r'fl 力 Ts"3 UK Opposition. 
PMtR^M Nao、 fcng^ ch'ao\ To raise a dis- 

turhancc or row. 
術 Chrng^ iamf fang: wei'^, \ In sclf- 
f]^ zi'ci^. J defense. 

^JliC ShV pai^. Defeat. 
耍? B F /(I'l l. R —leader. 
主逸 C7"'3 ifio; (-. To licad a conspiracy, to 

conspire, to plot. 
!(^^使 *^ou^ {or soa^) slii\ To iustig^.ite to i 

iu^utxcctiou or ciijiie. j 



民缀 Min- pien^. Insurrection. 

MWj Pao^ tiuig^. Insurrection, riot. 

Shan^^ Invoa^, To incite, to seduce, 
(First character means literally, to fan 
into flame). 

暴民 Pao^ min^. Rioters. 

mk 尸" o4r"2. I The same, 

banded together ; insurgents. 

賊物 Tsang^ Loot. 

Mvil Fci^ Vu^. Bandils, robbers, brigands, 
ruffians, vagabonds. 

iBE Tn^ fci\ Local rowdies. 

? Ha"、 iao^. Piialc?, 

流 [fil hsieS. (or hsifC^). Bloodshed. 

破壞憊 P、oa4 hzvai'^ taug^. Disturbers ot iht 
peace. 

??! ^ -PRx yic^ 訓 》2 s ho 1*3 iwan^. Barbarous 
methods. 

I/sing- tsV. I To as-sassinate. 
刺 7Vi4. J 

M'^ 7Vi.4 k'c^. Assassin. 

"a 殺黨 "An^ sha、 taug^. Assassins. 

後路 Hou^ Wav of retreat. 

lou-*. To be discovered. 

破 if P'oti^ hwoa'^. To discover and aire 化 

嫁禍 C/n*a4 hivod'^. To involve in nii:>fortuiie, 
especially to implicate, to iucnuiinatc, 
(lit. to jfivc calamity to one for wife). 

FpaS 由 U:;bridled 
license. 

ifi^SSjfl '厂 <Jo1 tsi-* yiu^. Libeity based 

oti morality. 
iAfHfllll is'i-^ yiu'. Liberty based o 醻 

law. 




TERMS 




97 



CItLEBRATSN 

BY AM5ICA. 

國承 認民國 

閲 會 秩序如 




1 一美 敎士親 

升中 華五色 



十 一 響 、全體 

鼓掌 行脫帽 

^^民 國 

萬歳, 各€校 

男女 Mi- 生唱 

樂、 三 主席升 

美國 阈旗、 

(^節 如. 4 



98 新名詞 IvWSSON 35. 



L sM*, Issue a proclamation. 

2. Chao^ tip- y be it known; wliereas, 一 used ia official 
papers. 

3. constantly. 

4. /"f/M here for 木分. 

5. Kntig^ chia、 , the governuient, 

6. 誘 Fei2、 aspersion, slander, 

7. f<ou、 to taunt, to rail at, to vituperate; ^ /-'4, the 
.same. '* 

S. ,V 力 M' is Here used as a verb. ― to Tvritc, to print. 

9. HsiaA lue^, what follows is omitted. Sometimes one 

sees the be^iuniug of a quotation, then (中! then 

Ihe end of it. 
10 jyj 7\i,"i name of old city iu Sliantuug. 



11. I'ienA change, head of the local 鄉團. or Home Guard 

12. 勦 Chiaoz^ to put down, to extirpate. 

13. Vhi- fai ih' ,i、 , High Judiciary. 

14. 首 when read iu the fourth tone means t 參 confesi 
guilt : ch'u^ s/ioii% to turn states-evidence. 

15. /Vfli, to give a commission to an underling 

16. C/iuttg"^ yao^ j€,i\ high dignitaries. 

17. 軌 Kweii、 a rut ; /«■* kwei^^ sedition. 

iS. Sht^-^hU puA /,,-', the true state of the case did not tal'iy 

{ \\\\.\\ what she had supposed, or what whs right), 
IQ. //、///i -,,!i,w: r/〃', newly-iuvcntcd. 

20. 枝 Mei-y classifier of riugs, coins, seeds, fruit, naiU,— 
aufl bombs. 

21. i'/V-\ Uouble, t« provide ag«iust. 



PmoOLAMATlON FORBIDDING PUBLICATION OF SEDITIOUS LITTERATrRE IN SHANGHAI 

FOREIGN SETTLEMENT. 工部局 爲 出一1^曉諭事"照^近 來報紙 毎^^ 非<^之 記載畫 

齓攸關國家政^B^煩愁攻擊公iw過分?&誇責d以激烈i、詈之言論、足使人w震 

? i 似將 擾亂治 査報紙 爲民之 代表言 論機、 關、 其爲民 、者、 注 重於。 安分, 營 ilg 至 

公 正文! i 和平辯 li 莫不准 £w 如肆 意毀 mi 隨 乎乱¥ 實所 嚴禁。 (下 1^) 

西歷一 千九百 十三年 四月三 十日、 ) , 

PUKOU A FREE PORT. 津 浦鐵路 南端、 ©點§ 於浦 口。 兹聞 政府以 該處非 通商口 5^ 

洋商 欲往營 業者、 諸多 阻;^ 非實行 開:^ 不足 以促、 進 § 該處之 發達, 擬、 即提議 

行開 放該處 爲通商 口岸、 並参酌 ^自 開商、 準情形 、於 限制、 外人 一 方、 面、 從寬辦 。塾 

Disturbance near T>an Ch ,一 encj. #城 以南、 徧 地都 DliJ^ 土匪、 橫搶 橫掠、 非常利 .is 城 

東單子 n 莊的練 „長 、因爲 i 土 I 合他 們結下 恶感、 把 圍子打 歡殺死 該練長 一 家 

大 小三十 多人。 

Assassin tl-rns states-kvisnce. 北 .Ira^ 電 

暗殺刚 女子某 、自 向執法 Issi 謂由某 1#介 紹至; *^:K 某委, ¥ 付欵 fs 、令來 

京謀某 某篾要 P 。至 京詳杳 知其 欲謀不 、事 寳不 1^、 因交 出新發 明.^ 炸弹若 

干枚 

Assassination of Gen. HsU. 揚州 徐軍畏 寶山於 昨日二 一 十 四號) 午前被 釗客施 

放 猷 受慯甚 施救 無效、 遂致斃 、 

RAIDING THE HE>AD2UARTERS OF THE ASSASSINS. 政 府通電 各省謂 北京前 In 破獲暗 

殺機鬮 數處、 餘黨遠 f〕 亦保 li^llli? 將此情 、詳 細宣札 以免人 民之驚 擾云。 



r.ESSON 35. 



NEW TERMS 



99 



〃?".!;'-/',:''/', Mukden. 

藝 Lunini 、 imperial, here used as name. 

i'h'^ftq^, saviiiK- 

{Jjf 〃,"W, toK'-thrr with. 

〃"丄 the jfttfit 7- (see Mandarin Lessons p. 496). 
/j tst\ in onlcr lu. to serve as. 
Fanti' f(u,'、, a metliod of protection. 
7ft. . . 意 inspirc<l l»v (in a political sense). 
^ i hit'K nolOe miiiiU'il. pnhlic sDinled. 
, Shing^ 少 to aniioiiiKc publicly. 
A'^M Slc . UtiA thcu is just Uie AwasMiis* Band 

umlcr auotbcr name ; I viz, lh« Baud of Fubhc- 

gsinted PntrioU). 



1 2. At'oor«liti^ lu Williams, ami tlio cxplannlion 
always givt'ii by Chinese It iu licrs : ― " Originally 
(lesi^ued to reprewnt fit-Ids tUviiicd aiiiru'g ei-ght 
faniilirs, reserving I no iiikUUc one for pul、】i'、 use. and 
(lijils'i'H a well ill it,'* llenoo '* since the time when 
there were wt'lls *' moans since the lime when men 
htf^ati to live ill couiniuiiitifs. 

IX W ) 〃■•. l)l"rt、"rt': .1 //-'-/(■', 1 cl.ixatioii. 

14. Ti9 chi4^ itreadj defined in Ics. x\ " boycott | but as 
comtiionly use<l more gcucial iu its meaning: 一 to 
prcvtiit, tu oppose. 

15. ^ //si*, eulircly. 



UKSST a. 3<|都督張錫|^€致政府%該地近有破壊黨、多人、|5某國 

十 在 串通然 i 搶掠 商民現 已飭各 眾厳密 査拿、 而兵力 弱、 請政 府從速 派兵、 

來奉 協助、 以 1^ 防 云。 I . 。 。 2 

Transformed into a Band of Light. ¥<承 某黨旨 以個人 名篛組 織% 刚聲 f 一。 主 

張平! 1^ 政治、 推倒 1 恶劣 政府、 犧 牲生命 I 不達目 的不. 4 蓋即暗 殺阁之 改名也 

A Bsom. BAKBEKrxG. 昌邑縣 紳民、 因 一 條辮子 大戰之 iil? 省 報已經 登過; 昨日、 有位朋 

友、 新從該 縣來、 說起鬧 事原. S 、係因 該縣 董事會 會昌一 皆是新 1! 人物。 勧人、 剪髮、 純川强 

迫手^ 民人都 很不服 IH. 巧有位 某甲、 向日人 尙公正 、地、 方上也 有點名 。望、 他是决 的 

不 贊成。 會員們 他不願 害一偏 要拿他 作# 硬給他 剪去、 衆人們 越 不服。 內中有 個胃失 

鬼會 裝好 漢子、 拿出 一 桿乎 I 要顯 J 顯擺威 1 不料 手戰心 i 誤, 觸扮^ 常 死 

1 -= ^民人 們見 他行^ 遂 一 齊野蠻 5^ 來、 彼此 受傷、 打死 的人好 幾氣現 在巳經 惠知都 

仏還不 知了未 了呢。 、 、 " 

Liberty and License. 自. 兩個 {h^ 並不是 如今的 新名詞 3^ 敢說曰 |i 從有 的那 一 年 

就有、 不 過意思 與現在 微有不 linjl^ 年 間 所謂, 目由、 亭 以個人 Ei 遊^ 樂講 自從 新名詞 

輸入中 i 把自由 1 一字解 釋的很 甚 1 又是法 律自. ^野 蠻自山 一 個 人若喪 失了自 

由、 就常以 , 命去爭 、所 li 不自 由無寧 „外 洋所說 的自由 、並非 W 指個人 、也非 專噸自 

Il3 實 是抵, 制他 人無理 壓制的 、意思 。若細 問那些 不講情 理的地 仏也不 ^ 、化顧 了自已 

由性兒^沒管,人能否忍受、即是野蠻自.^從此大家公定3惻限制^可是、得按照 

風俗 習慣人 111-^ 研究 出個公 共遵守 的章程 t 這就叫 、法^ 大$ 说而 行之、 就是法 

律中 的自. S 。照這 應說^ ^€1 由兩 個字、 並不 是自. ffl 自性、 是 一 個公 共的道 圃何 



{S Han*, to hate, nan*, . . .w'i4 Jtu^, to hate as if 

piercing boues. 

? g K'wei-^ a one-legged monster; here used as name. 
3^ Vh'etiQ^^ to aid, a deputy; here used as name. 
柱 Kwei^, cinnamon ; ^ /isi,ig、 , fragrance ; both 
characters here used as name. This of course is the 



same man mentioned in the previous extract ; ― 
another iilstaiice of ambiguity arising from a man 
having loo many names. 

Pien^ to make the defense in the 宋窠 (or Sung 
case mentioned a!>ove). 



眼界 Yien^ chie^. / view poim. 
^Jjjj Hsien'^ chivang^. Appearance, outlook, 

existing conditions, present emergency 

or juncture. 

y 形式 Using- sh'i^. Externals, appearances, (in 

contrast to 實 reality, les. xxvi) . 
,, 外 Sft IVdi^ ku'cm、 External appearance, the 

look of a thing, the exterior aspect. 
J 表而 Piao^ niien^. The exterior, the outside, 
outwaid appearance ; in a bad sense, 
outside veneer. 
J 內容 Nei^ ju}ig\ Tlic interior, the inside, 
internal; the contents; containing ; as 
follows : (before direct quotation). 
方面 Fang^ mien'^, A side or aspect of the 
case ; hand, in the phrase 一;; "面. •' 一方 
面, oil the one hand,. . , on the other . . . 
雙方 Shwcuigi fang\ ) Both sides, the 

兩 力-而 Liang^ fcmgi inien^. \ two sides, 

Ke-^ fany^ ,"iV"4. On all sides, all 
parties, from every point of view. 

蹇點 Ch'a、 tienS, \ Differentiation. 
(對 Tzvei-^ piK Contrast, 
ft^ 位 Ti^ wei^. Position, station, 
Etft'il CViH^ /'i3. 'Principal place. 
客^ K'e^ t'i^. Subordinate place, 
, 基礎 Clii^ ch'u^. Foundation, 
yj g 點 Yao^ tien^. Important thing, an essen- 
tial. 



LESSON mvi, 

View-Point, &c. 

耍素 Yao^ jm4* a requisite, an essential, a 

sine qua non. 
必要 yao^, Hssential, necessary. 
^ViV^^lM Hsien^ chiie- fi^. Fixed con- 
ditions. , 
對 付之法 Twei'i /"4 chV fal Attitude: 
相當對 f 辛 Hsiang^ iang^ /鎖 /oi'*. Propci 
attitude. 

態度 T、ai、 iti^. Attitude of mind, policy, ap- 
pearance, niood, 
保 守態度 shou、、 rai4 Conservative 

attitude. ( '- 

政策 Cheng^ ts e^^ ' 1 policy. 



政見 Cheng^ chien^, / 
方釺 Fang^ clicn\ Direction ; policy. 
政 治方針 Clieiig'^ c/jH fangi chSn、 Political 
platform. 

、鶴的 Kn^ ti4. An ideal to strive after, design, 
an end, a model, (lit. target). 

• ^的 Mw^ "4. Object, end, aim, purpose, goal, 
(lit. target). 

、目的 si 到 ""Uas tao^. To attain one ,厲 
ideal. 

Yiii 點 Sh'i-i iien\ End in view. 

想 !丄、 Iisiang'\ Ideals, an idea, a theory, 
i^- 的 Chun^ ti\ Definite aim. 

Ch'i-^ tieny Startiiij^ point. 
-中' Chnng^ hsin^ ticn^. Middle, centre. 
. to-Ii C'A'ut?' tienl Defect, short coming. 



100 新名詞 Lksson 36 



人都當 遵着這 個 理由、 

若是 一 味 使我之 自,^ 

不願 他人之 自由、 那可 

就把 >^ 費貴 的兩個 {^ 

弄成。 任 意胡行 的代名 

詞了 C 

The Dignity of t-he 

Law. 

夫 議院爲 立法则 1 共 

和國家 祌聖不 可:^ 犯 

之主體 也不惟 、不當 

受存 力者之 侵迫、 且當 

f!^ 法限 制總統 之否^ 

Miscellaneous. 

某 Id 宋 则骨、 遂與臃 

變 1 一密 謀刺架 k 嫁禍 

於政^ 

律師某 某爲宋 案耍犯 

此問、 因 有暴徙 isfi 謠 

.-、 



Lksson 36. 



NEW TKRMS 



101 



^ 點 

、 定點 
' I? 點 
汚點 

'特 If 
合格 



Chi2 tien^. Climax, tit most point; — used 

in forming the superlative degree. 

Ting^ tien^. The limit. 

Chung^ tien^. Finish, end. 

Wii^ tien^. Blemish, stigma, defilement. 

Yiu^ tien\ Excellency, fine points. 

7,?4 tien^. Peculiarities. 

T^e^ ch'iien^. Special privileges or rights. 

HP kP, Requisite qualifications, up to 

the standard. ^ ( , 



fxlx Ch,£ng2 Ut^. Standard, grade, qiiali6ca- 
tions. 

崎 ShV 1 p • 

^£14) Pan^ wei2. Jurisdiction, bounds, sphere, 

environment. 
大巧 7a4 chii^. Public affairs in distinction 
from private, public weal, great matters, 
affairs of common inte^st, luaiu^s^ccl 



of affairs. 



'一 



t》 



n u* nil t niisLuiiccpiiou. 
y/n' ching*, go»l. 
醒 crocodile. 

Id K'an*, investigate ; k*an4 p'o4*. di»rover < fiU^c^. 
9h almost. 

Q Chint\Q\ a limit, a border ; chiany*-€h*angi^ 
biitUeficU. 

WW thaoJ not the lc"t diflcrcuM, 
B CA'i'. place. 



y. ■* Hn--tv»w», 【o ciiramp, an cncanipnicui. 
to, 巨 CAu4, great, many; tcci* ihm s/t^tt* chui, In largv 
numbers. 

XI. ChiriQi-janS^ In regular order, u systematic as tlie 
old way of marking out fitldsdescril)t-<l in the note ou 
并 in Ihe previous chnpter . 

I a. VhuJ, alTiiir, ii"nm'ii、''.' (中幼 ). 

13- Tbe Kuaa-UuA 9l ibis cUu«e would read Ufi^C Otfe¥ 



(J 



力 



Social Service for Chinese Women. ^^%J^y-. 

近人於 女子之 ic.ffl 與 ^.,1 動多誤 1 會。 故木會 新中國 之各項 

改革 雖欲鼓 勵進行 、惟 於女子 地位及 植利, 不如 1! 取保 

. ^之. §1 使知 1 役 社會之 nEziak 在增萵 其家遞 活之程 

欲達 此的、 非賴 i 曰之 能力不 1^。 故服 役社齊 即 

導各. „ ^贵得 親交菡 督也, 、 } 

Folly of Superstition. 我勧 同胞的 iw3::T 就是破 I 迷信^ 早 

把那崇 拜, 胎木^ 與>崇 拜 動物的 ly^"4^ 快去了 e 你想我 

們 是,, 瑪 天立她 一 個人、 1^、 爲罌賢 、可爲 "l^liii 等尊赏 、何 

.^5 度反 > 給泥胎 與那小 小動物 、燒香 i皿m>呃 。這等 習慣與 

.l±.^s^ 牛拜鷹 萍^ 伤 【盘不 一 氣我們::;知笑話人^^不知 

笑話. a^iI3 爵 Jlisis^ 猪 身上良 如今已 經共湘 ir.i?llw 政 

得舉去 、就是 i 俗, 不容存 胞們、 及早 g 破 li© 氣 

不要 給民國 留着汚 點了。 ^./^^^ / vr.,^ 

EULOGY ON c ^c^z Hung. 革命告 成.^ 人於 黎之、 品: 

其 辦 现建設 g 事業之 i& 往 騮! isl^i 少 &j 

fiku 责 爲革侖 發生之 iik 爲 戟仗之 地 >¥士^^ 数 t^l 

. P 。人. ^逆, 料其 必致風 f 劇烈 i 料乃 大不然 1, 竟 秋序 井,^ ~ 

亂之4甚鮮。至近日始^有所5^亦屈無關大局、黎都督,:111^^^^ 

V- ^少 - / 



102 



新名詞 



( 

Lesson 36, 



The mission of COLSQUIAt NEWSPAPERS. 中國 的文理 於深奧 不易令 人人通 # 耍、: ^她 

,^之.^求其精通文理、大槪百人裏頭、未必能挑出幾位來、孤1^观通文理的、十個人也不.^ 1 . 

拉住 一 牛兒認 字的。 本國 人不認 識本國 的字、 實在是 一 件缺點的_^情。國§,^氣不|£也}^,%|| I 

iji 字的太 少所育 i、l 以 ¥i 般熟心 不開通 的人、 知. flTS^ 識 k 通維 】: 

新的 風氣、 然 而旣不 能令不 認字的 S: 去讀書 、^? si^rarg 就筒、 敎粗 1 义理稍 M^g^4rllf 



得其 易於. !道、 這緣提 ^白 話報氣 因爲, 白 話報的 一一一一^ 語、 都是本 、地的 ^不 e 

深氣所 爲令^ 1 目了 ^klEilg^^JH^ 通了白 日子 一 長、 他的與 f 問 n^il 、多少 總一^ 

耍有點 進化、 較比他 瞧了不 解的書 籍更, S 如, i !, 7 

PROPAWATioM OF Li Yuen Hung to his Soldiers. 杏一^§軍^3^以來至今已五#月現北京贊 

成共和 、& 败, 達到完 全目的 、凡 我民國 人民、 同深 img^ 種種 p&Jh 續 l^iw- 

S 勉勵 自持、 勿、: ?共 和成立 1 澳稍, 疏懈云 1^4 大元帥 黎 ,、k -^Hlrv^ 




) -, - ," . 



中 華民國 元年二 u:: 十三日 

IXTKRIOR PARCAMENT HOUSE. 



議院 場所、 即 政學堂 之舊: S 。會 場形 -iff 倣 阔、 墨盒皆 



V 




Affairs in China. 



鄙人有 一 天: i 1 §友 李先生 、見面 f、i 一之後 、就 談到中 11 的時局 、最耍 w 

繁的就 是財政 問^% 時借欽 旣多所 不借又 萬難支 向來 我們中 國跟外 人辦交 i 臨 

叫兀:5結^必然21到失败、决^^有 一 次.. 事 I 此 4 借欽 的交^ 恐怕 將來仍 SJ;^ 

我們的財政衡緣,違完^^1 來1 一去 > 就跟 §5 差不 了多遠 „i 李先生 ^我 有個主 ii 不^ - 

s®g.er 國:^ ts^M 且能 漢 滿的感 I 鞏固民 國的基 ^ 你看 這個 5jjgIl§不ii 



_tt g t u 

u a s h 

t r d 

u o oti s 

h ! s V 

.4 .2 > c ^ 



a J. 



、3 



一 



, 沪. 



4- 



r 



LnssoN 36. 



KiRW TERMS 



103 



I, Changi iroj4 (or to hoUl in Ibc Imnd, 

a. sfmittj^ a cotisultutii>n by IcU !;f jJ'U, 

3. I'ui t7i('«y4-/j(V4, a coiicili ilory |Kjliry. 

4. 7'(irt», liere means insullu icul. 
5 1/0.1 1, tu fcetl liurses. 

6. to iliill; pbra^c, iii(»hili/.e troops. 

7. Ch'ien' vfi]\ it occurred that when came. 

b. 9^ Litn-', Jr • mj cuic; t/t tea m/^ -lien- , Uun&senii. 



9. K'u^-hin-, l-rga. 

10. 1 it'll i/UHi/4 .... icci\ wlmt \s the use uf ; the tcti' 
li.iving lUc mcauiiig of i\if^St 

n. 〃《^- joJt, how like ? i.e. it would be bclU-r to 
I i 征 Cfu'lit/*, lo uiuke wui on. 
ij 韉 Liao\ to a certain extent. 

14 豪 r/r"'",. lo sigu uu agrccii^cut ; ch*Un^ Mnp^ 



大 

At 



7 

-0/ 



\ 



一 」」 I ^ » 

Which is CKEAT5, R§SEVST s 現時 世界的 大勢凡 能寧梶 财败. 權: g. 緣^ 

第 一 等,^,貴如美國大總統、不過11年的1^期、任滿仍爲國21^外1:的.:^業^}^^突 

國鋼鐵 太王煤 汕大王 、那緣 a; 正掌著 實在、 >II^f% ^;地 位 誠然在 大總統 以上。 

.M。XC。UAN p。ucy. 民 國財政 E 齔達 計 ig: 能^ 爲 gR;s 外 jigilsgg 〔必 以蒙 

地 • 產 林 作抵^ 是又何 M (拍費 1?1於^# 「^聯 < "往 tl?, 、不 lii^ 川撫政 

^ 、偷 政府慮 餉堝兵 §i. 、各贫 siBTi 兵 一 、 > . 

Dry r。t and its ci. fpjaltn^JT^^K. t 外界之 攻 p 、:^ 忠 

杏、欲使;^^<|5:之進^1^非急從_^:^道^^心3?£^也 f . .^v, 

Li ■ 、 O 

The "|§8。^;;;«_¥„?,^;:王女士^雖身職&^叩愛國熟^1:^極點。"1修女士姐, 



5 内- 




現狀 



^之 期其 〈久母 厚製被 ff^" 女.^ 不 悅日現 lit 偷背 f 俄暗 will: 不促 」焉 川 此脏^ 

^|打此|^费、何^^^移^^1^^齓1氤國:;^ 1 1 子之 義. 務 1 . 

MISSlxA#,^i^,s.i„^^^\f®^ 然完, ^平機 之基礎 、就能 ^固。 . 

婦人 Eg 题 J 厶 k 芽、 不 僅兇於 ngfral 思 i 芝交; 既 

fj 經^ 業本 堂諸: ip, 程皮 〈时^^ 成^ sl^is.^/// / 

歐陸各獨1銀行、深憤六國^?2;本刚1^^;§借欽、常思出^::1;^!1, 

m 在你未 ^ss<:l!i 故不 便將, 2: 容宣. 1^ ^ ,. 

te, 政總長 到京, ^凶 爲借欽 不成、 變了 方化 "\ ., >Y 

偏於 i;^i〇 表面 利裘面 不利。 \ . 

世 s?l 一方 而、 一 爲現 i 1 爲" 牡體 biiK 力财力 、雙方 J. 

某處爲 南北鐵 ^之中 心點, o〈i^ 以: ffi 爲前投 、不 耍以個 人爲前 I 




104 



新名詞 



Lesson 37 



LESSON XXXVIL 

To Originate, to Advocate, to Oppose, &c. 



主張 Chu^ chcmgi. To originate (a scheme), 

to advocate, 
ftjtfi Fa^ ch'i^. To originate, to take the lead, 

to promote. 
f5 "起人 Fa^ ch'i^ jen^. A promoter. 
^?】義 Ch'ang^ 1*4. To inaugurate, 
i^lj 辦 Cltivang^ pan^. \ To inaugurate, to 
ai'i Clhvang^ /i-*. / found, to establish. 

I 雷 S; /。二 4.} To start a usw elite— e. 



fi^ 見 



»明 



(or Fa^ hsien^. To be discovered 
(as by geographical exploration), to be 
produced, (as by chemical experiment), 
to bring to light something already 
existing. 

p 1 ",,^2 1 To invent, to orig- 



^«,„„ l/^*,^'' . > }-iiiate, to discover ; 
新發明 Hsxn^ fa^ ming\ J discovery. 

Note. The difference between these and the pre- 
ceding term is illustrated bv the following: definitions 
from the 新解雅 :一 爲 人所絲 之事, 或造出 tfr 
所未有 之物, 謂之 發明, 物雖 已成, 人皆 未知, 我 
獨 顯之, 謂之發 a. 

篇制 To devise plans, to institute. 
提倡 丁' i2 ch,a—. To advocate ( a cause) ; to 
impel, to incite, to influence, to stimulate, 
to lead, to pioneer, to initiate. 
Tsan^ t,w、g2. To join iu advocating or 
coin mending. 

Tsan^ ch'eng^. To approve, to acquiesce, 
(see ICS. XVI), to help. 
Ku^ ch'wei^. To applaud, to endorse, 
to eulogize, to give public approval, (lit. 
to drum and pipe). 



费同 
赞成 
«吹 



認可 /rw4 k'P. To authorize, to approve, to 
endorse. 

許可 Hsii^ k'e^. To acquiesce iu, to approve ; 

approbation. 
准許 C! 議 3 hsii^. To allow. 
服從 ts'ung^. To obey, to yield. 
R 對 Fan^ tzvei-^. To oppose, to disapprove, 

(see les. xvi); opposition. 
徘 P'ai^ r/i'H. To oppose, to set aside, to 

advance one's uame at the expense of 

others. 

反杭 k'ang^. To prevent, to oppose 

violently; opposition, 
iSifjfj Chi^ iiing"^. To urge, to stimulate. 
鼓励 Kn^ tutig^. To incite, to stir up. 
述動 Yiin^ tung^. To stir up, to set others to 

work; to work for private ends; agencies. , 
造就 Tsao^ chilli. To stimulate, to develop, 

to influence. 
促; 'H Ts,u4 chinK To expedite, to further, to 

hasten, to promote, 

維持 PVei^ ch'V. To uphold, to help, to 
regulate. 

提據 T? hsie\ To aid, (lit. to lead by tl.e 
hand). 

iiS 广,' 11 < > To plan for. 
繁晝 Ch ou^ hzva^. J ^ 

接 {r^ Ch*o"2 pei^. To prepare tor action, 

警 歡 y("£f2 ; yiV4. 1 o plan or cany on an 

enterprise, to do business. 
經 SB Chiui/^ ZP. To manage. 
鎮營 7 swan^ y'mg'- To intrigue for attaining 

ail object, to lobby, to euiploy measmes 

to obtain. 



WANTEDJIPERMISSIOW 

1.0 CUT THE Hair. 

女 學生提 倡剪髮 , 

省 城女子 師範學 t 共 

有學 。生一 一 百餘人 、均欲 

剪髪, 前有常 堂將髮 

剪去者 1 1、 人、 闔堂諸 .1^1 

均都 贊成、 遂禀請 都督 

批准立 i 都督 批云、 束 

西各國 、並無 女子剪 、髮 

之說、 近來中 華民國 、亦 

無女 子剪辮 之規定 、本 

都 督礙難 擔任等 l^s 

The patriotic woman-s 

Aid Society. 

中華愛 國婦人 救濟會 

將設山 東支部 • 、 

現 聞南中 愛國女 志士、 

創辦 一 種慈菩 事業" 名 

曰、 中華 愛國婦 人救濟 

I 以敕 濟此次 因革命 

死亡軍 人志士 之家属 



Lesson 37. 



NEW TERMS 



105 



C Ch*ai\ hair-pin. 


10 


激 ffii', to eicite. 


'-r/ifM, to aid. 


II. 


T'ii'3 /tsur^ icei' f Ai'-c'''fl"4, in this case means 


Ilsiti'j' is usc'l as classifier of proviiicea. 




become uiilitant sufTragctles. 


Tsinaii. 


12 


^ Yiitl-, j>rrturbcd. 


flfc r/iVn' or $h/tt \ sincere. 


IJ 


tt Chia\ gtx>»!; ch ia ' yii*, golden opportunity. 


谈 iSi<, to wait; J/CH 以 W, to nib one's eyes and wait ; 


M 


Fa,iff4 ; y«4, to relegate. 


if. we expect >;real llungs. 


15 


• Pao4, to sun. 


■ Mai', mist, f' K. , iJQ (7wJf2, Hiick. 


16. 


攝 Sfi/*, io seize, to control; sh/* vinps^ to pboto- 


//"'/(;1, SK 、々(〃/1, Imtli iiU'Hiiiiit; raiiU <''li、r, 




grapli. pIiotoj;r;iphy. 


Jf- i/do-', a lam:e. a s|>car ; J(J tu n *, u shicUl ; ftim hj/' 


17 


< '// iao * yu4, SiiprriiMiiidrril of KililcAtioa. 


moo' (un^, luutuully coiitmiluUu y. 


iH 


U iJao\ a "uiic, here uwl i u«tu 氣 



$^宗31^所有會1純由、會員節脂粉^環之|^資膨充用。聞死亡家3|賴以存活者茶 

t 現擬於 1 i 十 一 l!& j 、遍 設支部 ,昨 已有專 囹來^ f 請 都 督夫人 爲名眷 赞成 以 

爲發 起山柬 支部地 i}^ 想柬省 女界、 素抱愛 國熟: ^、支 部之^ 達、 吾 將拭目 以^。 

A FOR WOMAN-S SUFFRAGE. (Fri 婦女 時報) 

四千 來、 陰 霧、. 尚太? k 女子沈 淪苦海 、甘守 服從主 義者、 幾與非 洲黑奴 k 

1 現|今幸肫|6蕩^^1^$||爲共称吾民族已得有完全參政權>而吾女界之1 S 

萬同iM受支gg於男fj.勢力之下、不得享^^:由幸^J所謂5R女平權者、不大相;^ 

盾耶二1日金陵,5諸姊妹、^於義1^互|^、圃體>旣面譎孫大線統、復走^^議院諸^^级 

力固5^^幾欲、:^鐵血爲激斷。而舆論紛^、女界同1大倡反5^則女子參政^资爲共 

和政 體之元 M 而惑 法終 必有許 可之眼 , 

THK WE、W Woman. 敎會向 日 所析醻 盼望者 、今, 時期 已到、 實爲我 女子推 廣敎會 

之佳、 ^、! S 以造就 將來之 新女子 、此 義務不 可放^ 之 於敎外 之人。 . 、 

A NEW INVENTIONic。L。R PHOTOGRAPHY. 美國史 密司博 士、 近 日 發明 新式照 相紙、 以 

花 €| 人物等 影片、 印此紙 卜一則 五色, 明、 與生一 物原有 之色無 氣其製 法秘不 示.^ 惟 

在印 m 、以^ m 將影片 並紙、 置 5! 光曝 f 小時、如在陰^|、費時敉久,印成後^爪|^術 

修正 § 、使其 顔色經 久^^ i 、影 巾更進 一 層 A 7 

GREAT Expectations. 、s! 某甲、 是個前 淸候稱 fJ3、 同前 淸敎; | 某某等 、發^ 了個公 

益研究 仏其會 的宗旨 、在折 究地方 的公益 、維持 地方的 治安當 ii 會之, t 人莫不 

抱絶大的希^以爲必定要大有可観的、誰知成立以來、徒有其名、毫無{赏在^| 

ScHooi. FOR Defective or^wwwto BSTABCSHD iv Ghinesb. +.}ipl.Hm 年君 m 八 n 同. 



106 新名詞 Lbsson 37. 



I. 择 Hav^j to ward off, to defend. 

3. Kuan^-kwang\ i.e. 敏看 光彖, like but more 

complimentary to the pi ace visited. The tourists 
here spoken of are those on the way to the Zurich 
World's S. S. Convention, and the ineetiug referred 
to is Ibe S. S. Field-daj at Cbang Su IIo's garden in 
Shanghai. 



3. Kwei\ on our return (to America). 

4. 7' sod 3 yiu^ shU chie^, to help the world along, as by 
supporting on the right and left. 

5. C/tu3 l/i'i^ cliien^ t"ig\ lo maintain a firm stand. 

6. Ckien^ to contiuue lo uphold the righteous stand- 
ard, the first raising of which is always spoken of aj 



^京地 ^創立 一 處盲啞 學堂、 舆招盲 啞學生 、倣 照西洋 敎法、 用凸字 課本、 讀書識 字並授 

各種 工藝。 

Relations between the Government and the Pkople. 自國 家主義 發達人 民皆以 國家爲 

主體。 M 家即 爲人 民共 同之國 國家封 。於 人民、 有庇護 之必要 、人 民封於 國家、 即 有擔賓 維 

持國家 之貴任 、與應 衛 國家之 義務。 , 、 

Fifty Skven Varieties, —and one Mork. 美國 五十七 種纏頭 食品公 司主. 恩施君 、發起 

ml. 生主 日讀經 t 增人類 之幸福 、播 基督之 眞.^ 全球各 i 莫不 贊同。 

CORDIAI" HELAI-IONS BETWKliN 、1.HE TWO KKI-UB1.ICS. (From M^s 

美國觀 4^ 剛在 渥張園 之演說 〇 今日敝 剛觀光 赏國、 得蒙諸 君竭誠 歡迎、 實、 爲感 激、^ 、當布 

吿國- ^今 美國居 地球之 中國居 地球之 ^同 一 共和 政齓偷 能彼此 提攜、 互相親 陬推其 

勢力、足可&右世5^^ 、 、 

FIS 25M WATER. 水中取 火〇藥 師摩乃 可氏、 近分析 水之輕 氣養氣 1 而發見 一 種 極熟之 

物、 而價 又甚廉 ^ 與今日 作光與 熱之價 破相較 、僅 四百之 一 、產業 界因此 發明、 15. 生 j 大變 I 

MISC5XANSUS. 如言 論家、 演說 il^ 實行 都應該 鼓吹勸 I、 聯絡各 界舉、 辦 國民捐 、 

法國格 物院、 有莫拉 德者、 新發明 一 術、 以化學 法化蘿 isl 薯、 與 眞薯照 一 一 、蓋 1 1 物性質 、本相 

近 t 、 。 

必須有 *^ 各 處 鼓動" 、 • . 

若非 某人主 堅 ,:}5 運動成 ik^ 不有 此圓、 滿的結 J 。 

^¥ ^牛^ 逢則主 張政治 革命、 人人 反對、 民 國成立 V. 就舉 他作大 總統。 、 。 

前年 1?建¥ 人心未 定、? 1^ 艚從容 德畫 、推持 秩序、 並 首先主 持通電 各省、 遂收響 應之抓 



Lesson 38. 



NEW TERMS. 



107 



LESSON XXXVIII. 



Reform &c' 



改 g 

mm 
If 正 

光復 



恢 a 



修改 
e 正 

改革 

mm 
mm 
mm 
檢入 



KaP liang^ 

improve. 
Fan^ chcng^. 
Kai^ chicn"^. 

Cheng^ tun^. 
Keng^ chcng'^. 



To reform, to revise, to 

To reform. 
To leconstruct. 
j To reconstruct, to re- 
y form, to repair, to cor- 
rect, to amend. 
Restored, reformed, to 
(lit. return of light, 



Kivang^ 

return to the right, 
re-enlighteument). 
//uvi【 /m4. To revert to the type, re- 
turn to original state, either good or bad, 
but usually used in good sense. 
Hsin^ kai'、. To amend. 
Ilsiu^ chcfv/'^. To develop, to revise. 
Kai3 kp. To change. 
Chicn^ she^. To build up, to construct. 
P'od^ hzvai-^. To pull down, to destroy. 
7',:m' tao^. I To overturn, to over- 
T'lvci^ fan^, J throw. 
Shu^ jti^. To import, both in literal 
(see Ics. xiii) and figurative sense; to 
instil, to inculcate. 

Kivan"^ shui. The same applied to 
civilization, customs, learning &:c. 



取缔 C/i'm3 ti4. To regulate, to control. 
支 Sd ChV p'ei^*. To have authority over; the 
head. 

? A 定 fa3 ti,i(j、 To establish by law, to enact. 
我定 Kzveii ting^. To enact, to fix a custom, 

to decide upon; conventional. 
布匿 chi^. To arrange, to place, to direct 

movements, as of troops, 
作用 Tsod"^ ; y"'w4- Use (verb and noun). 

M 、胎 PVi" fail, f "any growui. 

導線 hsienK Line of advance ; exciting 

cause, a:i iiicileiucnt. 
進行 C/xiH* bsing^. To advance. 

步 Cliin^ pn^. Progress, a step in advance, 

an advaiicc, 
進益 Chin^ i4. Advance, proo;rcss. 
膨 fiS 力 P'cng- i/ian^:^ li^. Power of expansion. 
附和 f "4 ,4. To follow. 
仿 效時式 FcmgS hsiao^ shV slii*. To follow 

the fashion. 

組 8 [進行 C7ji4 hsii^ chin^ hsing'. To follow 
up a line of advance, to follow up in 

deed. 



女 子而能 生利、 

非僅於 工商界 

謀利營 i 即於 

學 界.. ^亦 能立 

於最 高之地 =iS 

如英國 爲婦人 

運動參 政權最 

盛 之國、 今年國 

會提出 議案、 下 

院亦不 認可、 可 

見此事 之不易 

也 

設烟 犯專審 nmj 

專司烟 犯裁礼 

已與司 法篱備 

處長計 &擬定 

辦法、 交 議會通 



ADVANCE, —— !^ ETROSPECTIVB 

AND PKCSl-FicTIVK. 

節錄進 歩雑? i 發刊 St 

今日、 而遙望 十年以 後之 

.e^^H 、現 狀之視 今;: 3 若 

^^尤不1H.不在吾人^^ 

之中 t 今日之 状, 

十年: :g 爲進歩 、則 十年後 

之現、 狀、 敉 諸今日 能進歩 

與否、 殆 必以今 n^^ 之 

方針 爲定矣 

swofiLS OR PL.OUGHSHARE8,- 

Sl*KARS OR t^wuNING-HOOWS. 

京師識 事會、 擬將; 大坡先 

€ ^增 ii 放公阅 林部擬 

改 林^ 牧畜 :|^驗;£ ?、 

方而現 :止爭 持未决 =^iw 

拱衛: 4::^- 令、 以先" U 壞地 

方宏 I 欲於 iw^ 巾設立 5* 

械庫、 爲#儲 ^火之 ffl 前 

e: 外 一 ^紳, 之、 全體 

反封、以^^^^|!如設¥械旭, 



Cheng^ h、itt"g,, ,n strive for supremacy* 
AVi yie^ i.e. iJtpJi:)M- 



Notes. 



" f JMC- ,, I.e. ^ "J 

3, Stii' yutiii'i, the present emergency or juncture. 
4 iS7i/J, quickly ; t /uu-* (iK-re used as wcrh) shf3, *o 
rapidly aUvance. 



5. Li4 lun^, to base an argument on. 

6 C/u>4 t/iu' shang^ chi0n\ by this means to relieve thi 

cJ.tViCulties of tltc incrcliaMls. 
7* V'i'oJ-* ta't', to make spcecUet. 



108 新名詞 LRSSON 38 



巩 人 民之恐 t 而於秩 序安寧 有礙, 若軍 械库必 須設立 I 日月壇 、均在 城外、 似較前 鬥 

i。 . 。 、 

VASE OF Expositions. 赛會 之事、 原是本 國商業 昌盛、 緣有這 個赛會 I 1 切辦法 、原屬 商家操 

持。 我^ 商 fi^^ 在萌芽 、官家 也不知 實力提 ^現在 商家、 亦有自 由權札 往後種 種如何 提倡辦 

法、 你望實 業君子 、諸大 商家、 熟心鼓 I 爭^ 於世界 、 。 

The Evolution of the kkfsuc. I 1 十世 I 民權發 、共 和政 1 正滴 於時、 恥 。非 共和 不能^ 

^民權 、非 民權不 能立國 所以有 人說、 1 干 一 世紀、 是:! 汰 5 君憨^ 世&适 也是本 、着 進化 

道理立;^采如是說、過此百年、^-^怕就^^有君憨政體 一 物 f.^ 我們、 中 i 導制、 時代最 14^}^ 今先 

百年 已經共 i 足見 進歩 之;^ 况且 草命 事起、 j 百三 十天的 H 夫、 就、 吿成功 、難 不 J 訝 ^ 

Business in Shanghai. 上海實 業削體 聲!^ I 維持 大局電 〇.e 光復後 、商界 元氣未 I 亟 望大局 

安^&^^^。近闪|5^案借欵兩問題發牛一^少數之人、開會、^^.^^詞激烈、.1^意破壞大、„«| 

惟^ 商界 人民各 Ms^ 實未 能隨聲 附和、 自取危 .ci 特此聲 ^1 並乞始 終維^ 大局幸 1 

國幸^^ 、 、 、 

PLANS FOR ADVANCEMENT s MINING. 聞 H 商部、 E 我 國礦^ 豐富、 而礦業 幼稀、 s 宜由 中央規 

定計 |3 切實整 © 、以謀 開 採之發 5^ 現褥 定先設 地質研 究所、 隨 設地赏 所、 編成地 質調査 

^並改訂華1注重1鐵、煤油、三稀碱^^"至五金各#則另設中央^81不9即將提交國務 

院 、 . 、 

A CONSERVATIVE SCHOOrMASTS. 某縣高等小學堂111^是個前淸的舉.<^他辦學^^純是用壓制 

手叚、他施的敎育、依然是野蠻敎育,自民軍起義、他就禁止學、生看^其頑固也就^^想而知^^ 

今年春 si 骸 M 民政 仍以學 堂委他 承辦, 他不但 不加改 m 、反 此從前 更加野 蠻.. 學生 中有用 



Lrsson 38, NEW TERMS 109 



J"'' U'ai\ 1 r, IT 才分 45 入. 

Jl Jlwvi\ to wave off ; Au'ci' 

canaot get rid of them. 



K'ht ' PU^ Vh'u*, LKIC 



Notes. 

3. 厂 to rf plv, if. to the A»>ot. i.itcj Pieii i c ■ 

g\tr*itiuti Ctu-irs rrj^a 【山' if( stililioii^ tclc(frani& 
4 7*'i^ fu*. TUts IS tlic icply. U*> ihe a^^ve enquiry). 
5. progressively, in turn. 



一新名 詞:^ 都大化 巾斥不 許他用 、就是 、這 奴諫記 、號也 s?: 人 1^去的¥ 某縣 全 m.l? 於 

此人之 手了、 若不即 時把這 老朽 推倒、 某媒學 務、? 可 以、 問 嗎, 

NOT Friknds 5 Need. 十四日 lH< 變後、 各署 局之委 員等、 皆蔵匿 不出, 招之 不來。 近日秩 序稍復 、各 

署局.^又人木液擠、恢很餌§^大有^之不去之势。 

Action ox l》ARI.IAMKNT RmGAKDlNG SUPI-RESSION OF 02CK Traffic. 英國印 度事務 J5 次 {h 昨:: ! 在下 

識院 一一 ll「cli 本年内 片、 擬不再 、運往 中國、 且英政 、府已 K 備與中 政^^ 改^ 片條約 、井停 

止 媳片出 口云云 。現^ 各報紙 、封於 此事之 言論、 均甚爲 滿意。 

w-HCC-.>.--5z § Telegraphic Communications. 取 蹄通電 之復電 

113交通部^&日報公會電云。査萬國電報通冽第七欽、凡礙及11家:;1?{^?或溢生亂等電>5;;: 

一權截留不發、但|磁公安、01應照常發遞、以維言^1偷與通例^^?£則本部職權所在^ 未便^^ 

此 

Uniform F-RONUNCIATION 0P CHINF-SK. (fvowj 通俗敎 育報) 讀 音統一 會章程 

第 一 條、 敎 育部據 官制簿 議國、 m§ 一 之進 > 行方法 、特開 讀音統 一 會 b 第三條 、符員 之組織 、各哲 

代 i& 員一 一人 I 由行 政長、 宵 選派、 ii 各 1、人>由 在京蒙 ji 機關 選派、 華僑 一 人、. fflit:^ 聯合^ 

〇 第五 t 本會之 職務、 _ 審定 一 切字 爲法定 國音。 一 |將所冇^音、均析爲至^5^主純之^1!:1^、核 

一 定所^^音素總數^ 1 釆定 字胀、 毎 一 音 均以 一 字、 母衷 之。 * 

Steps OF PROOSSS. 改茛 法律、 建設獨 立司法 制度、 普及敎 育、 統 I 幣&. 整根金 融機圏 、根舆 資業、 

發達交 通等事 、亦當 以漸進 主¥ 次^ 推行。 

Importation of Goods and Ideas. (Fri Chhia prB, Oct. loth 

夫洋商 Jg 就革命 一 時之情 形立言 、其眼 光未免 淺近、 不知 f 旦中 國大夢 一 醒. k 擴 利源、 臃入西 



I, rA«4 /i/j, great men or ht*r,、*»«5. This is frequeully I 2. Er3, is here used as a verb, to hear, 
beard iu the expressiou 民 ({] 偉入, 苹 子. I 



LESSON 

To ACCOMPLISH, 

iS 立 Ch'eng^ U^. To accomplish, to establish, 
to found. 

IB 成 TsH^ ch'eng^. To accomplish, to achieve, 
to convene. 

組織 Tsn^ chV. To establish, to found, to 

form ; to be composed of. 
贫行 ShV hsing-. To consummate, to carry 

through (opposite of empty talk), 
推行 丁, u'e" hsi》ig2. To carry into operation 

(something already decided on). 
效力 Hsiao^ To take effect ; results. 
£媒 Tsan^ mou^. To aid by counsel, (see 

les. IX.) 

商辦 Shang^ pan^. To manage as result of 

consultation. 
鐮 謂 Clioii^ |4. To consult, to discuss. 
熟商 57i〃2 shangK To discuss thoroughly. 
研究 Yi^n^ cf""、 To examine, to investigate, 

to study iuto, as a branch of learning. 
t^fl T!m, c/iV. To investigate facts,— e.g. 

suppression of opium. 

TVa," ktvanK To make a tour or visit 

of inspection. 
HiM. C7:"4 chung^. To consider very import- 
ant, to era phasize. to lay stress on. 
注意 C7j"4 i4. To ponder over, to take care, 

to pay particular attention; N.B. 
ftB CAm** WW**. The same, (lit. look care- 

fuUyl. 



XXXIX. 

TO PUBLISH &C. 

精 祌鄭注 Ching^ shen^ cJman^ cku^. To con- 
centrate the energies on anything. 

過問 Kwod^ wen'^. To concern oneself about, 
to take cognizance of. 

■^f; Fa^ hang-. To issue (as paper mouey); 
to publish (as books). 

發表 Fa^ piaoK To make known, to publish 
(as facts). 

揭曉 Chiei hsiao^. To make known (as 
result of exaniiuations &c. ), 

聲 fj/J Shhigi ming^. To manifest, to an- 
nounce. 

聲張 Sheng^ change. To disclose, 

公佈 Kmg、 pwK To proclaim, to publish, as 

an edict or other public affair. 
宣佈 Hsilen^ pii-^. To announce, to proclaim, 
報会 Pao-^ kao^. To report or give notice, 
欧事 Clti^ sh'i^. To make an aiiiiouuceinent, 

to make known. 
Note. This often follows signature in letters, 某 
乂、 敢事, or is used for 廣吿 in advertisements. 
發生 Fa^ sheng^. To manifest, to develop, to 

arise. 

發給 Fai kei\ To give forth, to issue. 

3f 求 ycto^ ch'iu^. To request, to demand ; a 

demand (where one has a right to 

expect). 

徵求 Clievg^ cJiiu", To request, to petition, 
to solicit, (where there is no obligation 
to give). 



tl« 新名詞 Lesson 38. 



國文 明法則 日漸發 達外國 

之、 經资此 邦者、 亦乘之 、而發 

達、蓋 輸引西 國文明 I 即餘 

入外 货之發 源也, 

^GOD^S P-AME. China 

Press, onr 103. 

革命以 i 則、 黎、 都 督元洪 之名一 

頗寂寂 無聞、 其餘革 、命 J^M^ 

此均 已中外 聞名、 惟黎君 

則直 至統帟 11 民 5^、 推翻 

滿吏之^始!^其名。11^至國 

外尤素 未知黎 君也。 

在各货 設財政 、監 理各 

省財政 、此乃 前淸滅 亡之導 

線 

凡事 破壊易 而建設 i 

來省 財政困 i 已達極 

般政務 、囚之 難以整 1^ 

烈士、 哲-^ 宗敎家 之故事 、和 

遗路、 都可以 作世界 覩的導 

線 



t^ESSON 39. 



New terms 



111 



分割 Pcn^ kcK To divide, as territory.' 
解免 Chie^ mien^. To be averted. 
^f《表 Tai-^ piao^. To represent, a representa- 
tive. 

辨白 l pai2. To establish innocence, to 

explain matters. 
接濟 C/nV cL^, To help, to reinstate. 

tic T'aO' t'ai^. To select and separate, to 



clean out, to remove (as useless oflicials). 
Mao"^ hsien^. To venture. 
投 亂治安 c/iH a"'. To disturb the 

]>oace. 

保, i 化治安 /,"4cAi4 a«i. To preserve the 

peace. 

維 持治安 chV chi^ anl To uphold the 
peace. 



If 7'i ' arH , exhaustion. 

〃 " I, wilhuut compare ; i c, iu the highest Jcgree, 

厂力〃 liirgr, uiucb. 
Mt-i, just then, now it happened. 
A'tin' yttnff't t^e southern provinces. 
PfiJ 、/f''"i/4, i.e.. 上; It 东去, a case iuversioD of verb 
«tt4 its ul>}c€t. 



7. The an* referred to of course is not a lawsuit, hul 
to put the uiiiicrlakiii^ oa « pio* 

ng by waj of ShAHgli&t 

». 

_ berr u>eJ m UBin«, 



VASyrcTORy of Trs Chinese Church. (c7。s o 一 , 0= Mfetingi). 

中華 全國大 會祝詞 (? i 〔一 christis huelligscer 通 1^ 報) 

此次 涉 m 洋 d 來吾 中國, 熟 毅力、 不辭 勞^、 於中 Mig 成 教務謹 

仏成立關於中國敎^進行之種種|1^_*^使、=52途大杵、希$;^且能疏1^中西之 

意見、聯絡各^之感^^.資爲ffj:I華全體^;^i^^、欽«l「y此{a感謝者 一 也 〇 西 

國各敎 I 年招助 ^欽、 遣人來 華傳? 5^ 及輿 辦各项 慈.? 市業 ti5^、 在華諸 

敎士、 不 惜犧牲 一 身、 以成就 此<.;^$-1 將來中 P 敎會^ .i^ 以 完全成 西國 

各公齊、及諸敎士之賜也、此iH•感謝^i^又 一 也。 

Women as PW0MOT5S. (Fri 【「! au\y M2.?s々rr 女!^ 報) 

近日滬上熟心女士、發起實業{赏進^*^^划細1 |^^、在南^:招股,紙縱教業 

公司、 北.^ 立 i 气顺 道泥 、亦與 會贊成 。断黾 甚願聯 絡%:( 圆继 仏遂即 擔任赴 

i 立案 k 不日即 可發表 宣布宗 旨云。 

A Chinese INVENTI5, An Electric Fan producing Heat. 新發 w 暖風 1^ 屬 

自有風扇節暑、5^者莫不稱便、兹聞現冇381留聲生*.人何某}|^明 一 種 

風扇、 可以 用之& 1_其 製造 之法、 每、 扇 一 更^!.聪金、仏風一:^,韓觔時、各1^;均 

過電、 鼓生熟 力、 終動越 快熟力 越多、 能令 屋中 空氣、 變 溫, 雖降冬 氣、 亦 

能和暖 適宜。 間該生 已寫請 廣束赏 業司、 轉 OIH 工商 1 准予 3- 利十五 

Specialized Courses of Study. 敎 jsl 長范 源淨" M 龄 

13^1:€校1;=_視需耍之緩急、就、各哲風土習^其相《"5,地點,分刖設^大> 

則1|1-<^1國爲^干15£次第,增|{^養成13^門人才,高倫學^^|以應時世之要氺、擔 

任國^&木部之^货也, 



S 口 S 

;; 二 Y 



112 新名詞 Lbsson 39. 



Notes. 



I. C//'h' pu^ /isiatip* j'ii' originally (or after all) bas 

notliitig to do wuh (rne suoject). 
2 S/iii', to open one's uiiir), to give forth. 
3. i'iin*, to collect ; 蓄, /isii*, to lay up. 



4. j$ IVe", classic in style. 

5. A'wod- /iwa', a nations! treasure. 

6. 91 CM*, to deliver to. 



Chinese fs ts chines. (From 神 州女報 organ op 協 濟社) 

按近時 女子、 多 数喜黄 英丸而 於最關 緊耍之 國文, 轉不甚 。注 i 因而 有.. ^學數 fe^ 尙未能 字句通 

順者。 夫 國文爲 一 切學術 之根本 、國文 不精、 其他何 能進歩 。或 nfl 欲求學 li 非先 通文字 不可、 然則 

阈文亦 文耳、 英文亦 文耳、 注赏 英文、 亦所 以備各 種學識 之根、 底、 又何莉 、乎 重英文 而輕國 文哉。 曰 

不然、 外國 文字、 僅足。 以輸 外國之 學術、 而於本 國之道 德事蹟 、初不 相取學 者以本 國人而 不知本 

國之要 可乎不 15.。 J - , a» 、 

The Price 。f Peace. • 紳商居 看 見省城 兵變大 I 恐怕驻 棚之丘 ^也 學榡。 子, 所 以大家 商量、 

毎兵 一 ^^月中由地方篱送逮貼 一 i 現已商 請帶 兵官馬 一 艮 丁知曉 41 适緣是 養兵衛 

• 民、 # 行其事 • 、 、 ) 

WIED.IA N.ixAt AiEM. 民 國成立 〔已 九閱 國歌尙 未有定 、外無 以表示 1 列邦、 內 無以拫 

作民.nl現敎i^H部擬定徵求國歌簡箄六則、並懇五百元酬金、如有大雅宏達、能發&其蕴is、而t& 

爲國 i 者請 is 交該 部可^ . 。 

a EDUCATIP 總長昨 與范次 P 、籌議 決計施 行强迫 敎育、 辦法。 一、 聯警 調査 兄童年 I 

1 1 兒童至 七歳不 入學者 、罪其 家長。 11 f 擴 ^ 等小 學。 四、 確籌 經費、 擬即實 行云。 

:H0 SEE OORSWI/S AS ITHERS SEE us.-- 錄濟南 廳民 白話報 

i|i 人 注、袁在陸 s^ilslis 注重在 美術、 以及 宗敎神 學、^ 國人 注重在 實業、 殖 民 事業, 海 

t§ 國人、 就 注 m 在致 富。 

Eugenics and Maternity. 錄 女錢報 

弱 肉强食 優勝劣 I 雖曰 天命、 亦關人 ia^ 况 當此人 種與人 種相, 之世 ^ 故有 識者, 必及 時大倡 

人 稀改良 之說、 以避淘 汰之禍 夫人種 改哀何 自始、 亦曰 造成健 i 小兒、 以爲人 羣之本 、立 國家之 



Lesson 39. NEW TERMS 113 



I. ignis-faliius ; ,- (M 烏、 phosplionis. 

a. T!ic date of this inag.i/iiic is cxplaiiit'tl in n double 
co'unin at the sidr of the tit'o page :— 孔 子二千 m 百六 

十 W*f W 月. 中 ^KM 二年 1;!. 

|> //、〃'〃'. a iiolilt tiiau's c;u ri.ij^<» ; horf iise<l as 

uaiiif, fl'IA^ ( sfv'oiul (. bnrarlcr !〃》('〃-' iiu-jiiing lljills 
of r;iri lii^t- ) I [c is more roiniiiuiily k,i''、、ii a'. 黄帝, 
tUe YcHdw Kii'i'i ior. WiUiauis says, ** CUnit 



historians conunenoe tbcii curonology with Ibe 6ut 
year of this reigu, or 11 C. 2637, 518 years afler th 省 
deluge." 

4. jit; f Vi H, until. 

5. s/ttinfj', Mt/M', —first three dyn* sties «l 

aullientit- Chiiirsc history. 

6. U( A'ai', lo ctiiliraoc. 

7. .、:"'•' 弋 ft 1 be it. 



大凡做 一>闽的國11^^耍::1不認得,:^不晓得謂書|11^^那知識就有限了、所以外國人,個個都 

耍認得 字> 個個都 要詒書 til? 報外 1: 報紙 的種類 很 多、 日 報是 毎 n 發行! ^月報 E;.!:^ 月 gli^ 行 

週報是 锦艚拜 發行的 、這都 沒有什 ^稀罕 種報氣 卻是很 奇怪 一 

種名呌 M 此那 拉報、 是用有 ^贤的 蕴水叩 齓在黑 夜裹" 不要借 燈火的 ^,2: 然會 e^il;: 兄 

字跡) 一&有 一 種、 名叫 科報、 那 報的形 Irf 很像 一 一 稀不 礙衛生 的墨水 * 卬刷 文字在 

上 而、 力報 的人〕 將報 了之後 、可 以把 這報 i:E 做 點心吃 去 、這 是精 祌上北 

上的 滋養品 L 

TH»EE:-F〇1JD MEANING OF CHIAP (i^rom csfucia- fos ilr<?=f/i/,v, 4ih Moon, 2464 孔教 齊雜; ) 

I、敎字而析爲三義、:^教化、E敎^^^、日宗敎、此近世之判刖^歐美發生者也、罟華^II^^^^^i堯 

1&一夏商、脉時1則惟;冲淪言之「|1爲教而已矣北;敎字之意義、屬於敎化爲多、出被敎^21« 

之、 是、 爲化、 山施 敎者言 之> 是爲敎 、故 統乎附 方而、 則 n 敎化 k 乎 一 方面、 则 n 敎而已 足:^ t 

雖 i 、前古 ,:> ;絶 無敎育 與宗敎 1 一^^^:^刖之!^神哉。 

TTHE Prayer of the righteous Max. 敎會公 報 

祈禱&誠則靈、不誠則不靈、故日1^^;誠感神、至誠云者、非 一 時 敬虔之 狀態、 在平: n.M 有敬虔 

之、 行 爲此、 S 所 fi 義人 之、! 乃能? IIS 莫 大之效 力然尤 《w 木諸 @g 雜 fi^ 之; 根愈堅 

固、 愈强忍 、刖其 發生 效力、 0:^加% 而聯 <::sl 、所^ 生之 效力、 尤爲不 可思氣 

MhscpLANE。us. 中國 此次^ 命>? 爲不得 已之舉 、不! 爲报亂 洽安, 即他 口史 家公 平之判 

I 亦必 當以此 爲正當 之行爲 〇 借欽定 後日 ( 一 干 、-签押* 惟聲明 须識 院 通過、 方生效 

國旗五^^是代表五大民族的意田^ 

木館特 別啓事 5>"~ f 。/ f io. 



114 



新名詞 



Lrsson 40, 



LESSON XL 



Miscellaneous Nouns. 



Mementoes, keep- 



Accessoiics, ― as of 



念品 Cfii4 fiien\p'in\ 
sakes, memorial. 
附属品 Fh、 sliH^ p'inK 
dress. 

P 农列品 Ch'cn- lie^ p'in^. Curios, exhibits. 
^飾品 Clrwang^ shi^ Decoration, ― as 

of a liouse. 

C/"V chang^ Mcd«1, (lit. a badge to be 
worn on breast of gaiinent). 
Chiang^ p'ai 之. Medal conferred as re- 
ward. 

Badge. 
Sign. 

Sign, emblem, to represent, 



襟章 
獎牌 

攝 Ife 

符^ 
表示 



^識 

^的 
表題 

格言 

题 S 

口號 



Fu- hao\ 

to typify. 
Piao^ cli'i^. 
Piao^ 
Piao^ "'2. 

Chin^ yien^. 



Sign, emblem, ensign. 
Model, patteru. 



Motto. 



Watch-word, pass-word. 

寧項 Sh'i'^ hsiang^. Affairs. 

Sh'i^ shi\ Fact, settled conditions, «* fait 
accompli." 
時事 Shi^ sh'i^. Present affairs. 

Sli'i^ Right thing, proper or suitable 
business. 
風氣 Feng^ c/i't^. Customs. 
主權 Chu^ ch'iien^. Sovereignty. 
條件 T'iao^ chicn^. Articles, conditions, 
terms, — as of treaty; regulations. 
Sh'i^ shu^. Oath of office, vow. 
铺 S P"3 chiii. Rectifications. 
彌縫 Mi2fdng2. Secret rectifications; to amend, 

YiicH-^ shu\ Pledge. 
ft{H Ta" chic^. Compensation, 
r//* liao、、 Data. 



統 tf Tungi chi^. Statistics. 

fan^ ch'0142. Category. 
預算 yH'^ szvan-^. Estimates, to estimate. 
^P^pf-^ P'tng- chiin^ chi^ szvan^, Geueral 

average. 

公僕 Kung^ />'"3,2. Public servant, 

被兒 Chien^ er^. Heroes, braves. 

先導 Ilsien^ tao^. Forerunner, predecessor. 

治金家 Yie^ c/n'n' c/iia'. Assayers. 

職業 ChP yie^. Profession. 

HsP yie-^. Practicing profession, 
透 jjg kivan^. Clairvoyance. 

U 盜? 5( Cli'ie* /ao4 cheng^. Kleptomania, 
fj^ Using- hsien^. Hazardous occupation, 
tl^jp 學 Chcin、 hsing、 hsiie^. Astrology. 
鬼^ Kzvei^ shen^ hsiie^. Mythology. 
名 S4 Ming^ i^. Title, appellation, name. 
滑樓 Hiva^ chi^. Badinage, banter, raillery, 

satire; humorous, comic, (see les. xxv). 
本能 Pcn^ ncng^. Instinct. 

Chingi yien^. Experience, 
俊勢 Yiu^ s 紙 Victory. 
指揮棍 CViP hzrei^ kun^. Police Club. 
前 * Ch'ien: fing^. Lobby. 
念 Nien-^, Twenty. 

Note. This is used for 廿 because that cbaractn 
is also read nien\ (See Williams* Dictionary). 
This is common speech in Shanghai, used with 
regard to anything ; but outside Shanghai is main- 
ly used of day of the mouth in dates, as in the 
passage quoted. But, though coming into use in 
this sense in other places, it is not new. According 
to the Commercial Press Dictionary, a monument 
of the Sung Dynasty uses this character in piving 
date of person's death. This use of 念 for 廿 is a 
curious reversal of the usual rule of substitutionary 
characters, viz : to use a character of the same 
sound, but simpler in form, as 才 for 俊. 



w Ti*4sung^, temple name of late Emperor. | 2. 逝 Shi^^ to depart, to die. 



DE,V3 OF THW 

EMPI^ESS Lung 

誌) 

前淸 SI 太 

是 IMS 之 

后、 今不 過四十 

十^!^自退位至 

今、 I 年有餘 、在、 

宫 中安分 守已、 

過 些淸閒 曰子、 

倒得自 由自. 

不料今 春得了 

1 病、 醫藥 無效、 

竟於 一 一月念 1 1 

日 ii 世了。 當圓 

糊太后 將死之 

舉 目無親 、只 

有 九歳的 ^ 

仏立在 牀前、 H』 

吁吁 的向他 



Lesson 40. 



NEW TERMS 



lis 



I. f7//4 ch I** , to present sacrificial offt.rinj;s. 
a. Whole phrase, it was imposbil le to withstand them 
by force. 

3. ^ same rlmracter as Itiat pniiu d 窣 in Mnndariii 
l^cssoiis. but 、、itli the f.ill of tho <1\ nasty Ihtr tabooed 
cliaraclrr " takes Lcurl aj^ain." 

%, 腐 i'urttj' , to have a Use for, coniuiou , whole plirasc, 
It is mxdlcss to spfulc. 

5. Tsu' cf"、 、 to conclude, evcotually. 

ti^ Nitn 唤、 consider. 



7. 緣 T" botind togplht I , /i4 "(104, cum posed of. 

8. /、(io3 /mien*, becouie-s manifest. 

9. (、h," h<n"、 to spy upon; Vung- /."', ch'H liom^ inHi 
Boy Scouts, more coiinnonl y callfl 童 J* 軍. 

10 V/jC(iH to follow, to by. 
1 1. J"、 yif*, at night. 
,丄 > I'M , ,i,tr9g、 seal, token, ritiMt iii. 
I J. Vh'U Ju' ic, i.iinpuiit. «oucliaul ^c. 
14. CAi4 record, sij^u. 



【孤兒 千 古傷心 f 叉道, 【你 生在 帝王之 小小年 紀!: 也^ 你手裹 亡了、 娘也 在;^ in 

裹死了 、可 憐可歡 j 再要說下去、已經斷了氣1-民國^^」念¥1退位的好處>^1逝1阈務 

院、 中人、 皆赴 宮致^ {各 官署下 牛旗、 、此 是把與 m 的國旅 、扯: 卜牛 >竿 、現 在的新 字服、 fN- 牛 

凡 I 本國或 鄰國、 的大喪 、便要 如此、 - 在右臂 罩黑紗 1 1 十十日 、(這 也是新 的 带孝、 、替一 

他服 ^ 又要泣 銅像、 立 於中華 E:.^ 

Yuan Shih ICAI-S REASONS for taking Reins op Powkr. 自上 年革 八叩眾 起余旣 各方面 

人所迫仏又^國內大亂、將有奇慘之事、不得不、舍命以敉國初出時、即知^$叩軍之斷不可 

以力 2^、 而 a, 保全 前淸皇 .^Jir 以合 乎人道 主義、 故 If 以 一、 身受; S 面之敵 、而 |£ 萬死 而不^ 

以 求達於 |& 等先進 § 國 -Nl 共和 Ml 其中經 歷之危 、險、 各方面 困氣余 亦無^ 。卒 一 

南北罷\1^_^和平解决、受國人之推绿..余不敢辭公僕之任、毎欲盡吾心.?^以*:51成完全之中華 

民 1 

P-ROM F-KES. YUAN-S SPEECH AT OPENING OF P-ARUAMENT. .ijo^ 總 統國會 閉幕 

1^ 我共和 民國、 由於 四萬萬 人民之 心堙所 術造、 正一 15^ 國衿 > 亦本 於四萬 人 民之心 !.: 所結 

合、 則國家 主氣當 然§歸 之國民 全體, 但民國 成立、 迄今 一 4^所|1國民直接委任之機亂事 

#上 尙未完 i 今日國 會諸議 ^£係.£ 國民谊 接選舉 、即係 國民直 接委任 、從此 共和! :之货 

一體、 藉以 表称、 統洽權 之運^ 亦輯以 圆 滿。 9 

Signs of Boy Scouts, lyri 大 同報) 童子斥 i 運動 隊. 就 

斥候隊 之符號 、皆有 、意, 義存 乎其中 矢形之 符號、 所 以示必 率. i 之 也、 十字之 符號^ 以 

示不可 由之、 道也、 大 回環小 圓之符 ^ 所以 代余已 写冢^ 入&、 則以石 子或竹 IS 木 M 爲 

符號、 1^ 持諸乎 、或置 諸途、 以 5! 標識。 符 號之外 、叉 有印 II、 以表示 各類之 名稱、 印.; ipli^ 以 鳥獸一 

蟲魚 &伏啼 笑之^ 以爲之 II。 



116 新名詞 LESSON 40. 



Pan^-iaoi^ peninsula. 

Chii , almost. 

y'ing^'/uft'. I^oiuion, Eng. 

Tii^ tcei 倉 /〜, Ch'i*, thciUM-lvrs make custom^ ; »rc 

昭 i /'HO' , to t.ljU\V. 

(7/Vv.'/-i, to reprove. 
C^'i4 b€ disDiisseU with a rtoriuiaud. 



8. Jl/ao-* /〃〃/■*, to deceive, to be unrlerhanded ; in this 
case, to make themselves out to be younger than 
tliey are, in order to meet entrance requirements. 

0. .V/;i4 is here a verb, to act, to manifest. 

10. 41 J to assist, 

1 1. < '////'/■* c/tu'-', superior articles. 

12. t'h'ilii hai4, to infringe upon. 
13- /st \ united their capital. 



SOVEREIC3Y. 對於 國外, 有 獨 立不 屈之 t 對於國 內有支 配人民 之權、 而封於 外國之 獨立、 爲 

外主 歉對於 人民之 支配、 爲 對內主 國法上 或名之 曰國權 、其 單稱主 權者、 即, 最萵權 I 

Compensation for no:^-ixtervextion. & 爾幹半 .3^ 之 戰、 曼 尼 亞 獨守中 立、 按兵 不動, 戰 爭 

旣罷、 乃申其 要求、 欲得 t 土地於 、以 爲中立 之 代惯、 i 與 §T^1^ 决裂、 已復 言歸於 

牛島諸 i 與 議和於 ^5S^ 、亦 遣使 與會一 , 

Regulations for giri.s- schools. 敎宵部 以各省 女學、 往往 自爲風 、裝飾 服用、 任意 自.^ 若 

不取^ 不足以 §釗 一。 益 特殿定 規训. K 條、 各省、 其規則 如下。 ( I )。 不准 剪髮、 違者斥 

一)不准纏^5遠^^斥5^、(三)不4穿着||色衣^及奇怪裝束、違者斥退。(四)不准無故請 

伴游仏 遠者: 過 三次、 不很斥 五) 通 If 女生" 不得過 十三歳 、如有 隱匿冒 ^.i^^^ 六) 

不准自出結婚>遠者斥^^罪及校£" , , , . 

Independent Chinese Church, sj! 東馬路 、浸信 會建築 flli 該 堂之, 么全係 中西敎 友.. 及各 

界志4^捐助而成、於老會無分。凡會中他種經1槪爲^敎友所擔任。似此情形、確有自立之程 

*^ 故西牧 因諸敎 友抱此 熟誠、 不# 倚頼 Is^im 嘉許、 且 ii 助自立 事宜」 1^ 

EXHIBmoN OF REVOLCTIONARY lllaK.S IN JPeKIXG. 琉璃廠 柬西 n 内均冇 共和 紀念會 彩牌樓 

一座。 會中入 場券、 已散 有數萬 所 陳列之 革命紀 念品、 及屮外 各刚體 俊傻、 所著之 詩歌對 1 

亦^ 無數。 、 

The Assumption s LIVSC BISDHA. 活, 不 過爲宗 敎上之 一 主權者 、政 治上毫 無權札 

今活 佛忘其 木務、 與 P 訂結政 治一^ 約.. 大侵 4^ 國政府 之主權 、是 征 I 

^PKhisM SKSET Treaty. 侧駒^ 約 〇 大衡 國.^ 按照齊 1 凡侧 劃 淘及 外國貨 J 運出 

15^侧1:人^0.£賀賣。槪不納^如髓人與漢人合|^311業者、不在此條件內。 



trESSON 40. 



NEW TETiMS 



117 



Short 

維持人 5a IVei^ chV jcn^ tao^. To work for 

the uplift of hmnanity. 
開通 風, A K'aii t't— ft^rtffi ch'i*. To advance 

civilization. 

JQff: 资将 Tan、 i4 «,"■(. To do one s duty, 
*o lender help. 

{Tfflf^ 住 Ta"i /"4 tse^ ; Vu4. Bear tlie re- 
sponsibility. 

^fX: Shoulder the burden. 

/^tit^*^ ts'ttn- kzvod^ ts'zve/^. To pro- 
tect ualional treasures. 



)N XLI. 

Clauses. 

. 挽问利 fj? IVan^ huei^ m ch'iien^. To recover 

l(Nt_ privileges. 
. ili^^^i^ 入 V"' /> ';" 3 chie^ cliiie^. To settle iu 
aiTord with fundamental principles. 
Tn4^ Wc>t f"-' c/tie-^ chtie-. To settle 

iiinicably. 

武 力解决 〃4 chie^ chiie-. To settle by 

appeal to anus. 
Vjffill'U^i'W A'rcoj- Ir* min^ ft". The good of 
I ho people. 

rj mlWllft 'r"4 i/ZH i'zi'an' t'P. Sclf-goveruiug 
organization. 



SAu', very, s/jm' ivii-, not the least. 

胃// all ; whole phrase, all depeud on the farmers. 

械 '. itu:cssant; p'in-* tiien^, year after year. 

Tariff 4 /"<4, scattereii. 
immediately, 

Tm3 a bet, a wager. 



•7. Ltis (or Us) hsing', to carry out, to p<Tform 

8. Bh^ngA-lii^ victory Probably what he haJ to saj 
was, *' TTurrali for Wilson." 

9. This was said of oue of the earlier revolutionary 
flags, uot the five-colored. 

10. This also was iti the earlier ilays of flag using. They 
do not uow hold to this seutimeut. 



節錄農 林部, M 勡農文 , , 

本部職掌5^貴任增進物產、以裕民生,然物5^消長盈虛1非 

加詳細 調木: J 總全 11 而統計 5^fTU (乎 M (究 竟且吾 國木爲 

天然農1工商各类^至今(2未?^-1^〕全1;利源、^^:嬢是1而恥 

年軍政 繁與、 小民^ 離 瘡!! 溢多、 生計 0〕 促、 是調査 現狀、 

尤爲 i 不容 緩之 i 蓋. ffl 調杏 後有 統計、 有統計 、然 後有比 

打比較 、然後 有進: ii- 

6 

A Ridiculous WAGEf^. 滑稽之 將約 

去歳、 美 國選舉 大總統 I 其商 民嘗爲 有趣之 赌約、 就 各人出 

已意、 擬 何人 可以當 發表後 、擬錯 ^則須 履{化 滑稽之 義務、 

. ^sil 氏之當 1:^:: 爲 衆人 之意料 所不及 ^赌賓 者 1:^^. 其 

中 最有趣 者一爲 8 一 肥胖之 市民、 其賭 約則爲 一 星期 si 

m 寳夜 三 1^ 孩 子所用 之自縛 1 館 SI 圍、 往來 環走、 並 

大聲呼 大^ 种 萬歳、 不、 許 少息、 其艱苦 之處、 最難過 t 

MISCELLANEOUS. 夫人輿 禽獸、 雖同爲 動物種 I 然論 其名良 

寳有 天淵之 1 

旗不 能表示 一 國 政體、 :! 〈能作 歷史紀 ^,1 

髮作 新國民 的表一 "1 

;! 旗、 不; 155^ 作爲 裝飾。 cl。 

閱 -^.s 深經 1* 又富 



Its 



靳名詞 



>.S?ON 41. 



接; 5" IIon^ titn^. Re-enfoicenieiits bringing 

up the rear, backing. 
- 樣限 Ch'itcn- hsien^. Limits to powers, 
ife 腋成^ Chi' yie^ ch、aig2 ciriu'. Collection 

of funds by mites, ( lit. gathering bits of 

fill fioin under forelegs of fox to make a 

g:, I inenl). 

利樣^ 、? 乙" ch'uen- wai"^ Loss of wealth 
and authority to outsiders. 
、 生計 JStiJS Sheng^ chi-^ chicn^ nan-. Disturbed 
economic conditions, 
自 有主權 Ts'i^ yiii'^ chn^ ch'iien^. Autocratic 
power. 

位置 不丄人 IV^i^ chi'^ sV jen^. Favoritism inap- 

pointiiigf to office. 
金錢 勒 ChiiO ch'ien^ yiin^ tting^. To use 

money; pecuniary agencies. 、 
暴 制 /''dcj-* wi«- c/rwan^ Mob-rule, 
•(gy^ C hia-^ t'lr. To make a siioit cut. 
fl^ 便 Chien^ pie"4. The same ; uiiceremoa- 

ioiisly, 

^ 假手 Chia^ shou^. To use as a tool. 
頑福 IFan- fu2. Fortune in spite of incapa- 
city. 

護符 /"2. Protection behind another, to 
screen oneself. 

之際. C/"am3 chV chi^. Critical junc- 
ture. 

洋迷 Vane/- mP. Affectation of foreign ways 
and things. 



否 f$",,''i The worst Ims happened. 

Note. 否 ill tliis connection is read p'i3 and means evil, 
obslriKieii, 

急不 5^? 拨 Chi' />"4 jung- Invan^, Haste tliat 
biuoks uo delay, imperative necessity; 
urgent. 

環球之 17 Hzcan- cliiir ch'i! hsing\ To go 
aiuimd the world. 

破天荒 f*'od* t'ien^ hwang^. Sudden emer- 
gence into celebrity fioin unpromising 
conditions; supply of a long-felt want; in 
book notices, ready at last, (lit. breaking 
the primeval wilderness). 

精沖 s!i。"2 /*1*3, Body and 
soui,、 

完 結果 irci"",ici3 c!"? 滅 3. Perfect re- 
sults. 

奇想 Clt'l"^ lisiang\ A lofty thought. 

嚴 守秘密 Yien^ shou^ w"4 mil Strictly con- 
fidential. 、 

脚 行 Cliiao^ (or chiie^) hang^.] ! A!ssociatioa 
of porters. 




槪蓉 Kai^ liie^. In general, generally spcak- 

因.. 起見 • . ch,i3 chien 夂 1 On account of, : 
dS. J&h H'"'4. .chV chien^. J (short for 因爲 
; .. 起的意 a). 、 
; yirsheu' cA'wVn^ ; Divine right. 



榷 (.'/li-*, to plant, to uphold. ,、 

ChiS c'/r", es^eutial idea. 、 ― 

Sh M tcei\ mean or obscure position. The shi* is 

here an "empty character.*' The expression is 

quoted from the Book of OJes. 

1'", about to be. 

Whole phrase, follow the precedent set by Western 
civilization. 

Hsiuiii;' t'"', great concern. 

Chi- tUi* those carryiug oa the Vmsineaa.' 



8- Cfi'/i' cfiunfj*, pay especial attention. 

9. Chi4 watiQ^, former estate or conditon, 

10. Tim thing' sh^n^, to hold the idea of. 

11. Ch'iis Chi' ts'ung' lien'^ the prices asked are reafion* 
able. 

12. Vhini chien^, seldom seen. V 

13. This use of kaa is complimentary, conveying the 
idea that their sympathizers shed luster upon tbeni. 

14. Whole phrase, we shall esteem it a favor if you wUl 
bear this matUr io xniud. 



SOMSCHSG>fsw UNDER THE Sun, 

破天 荒女界 之新事 業極權 

女子物 產公司 

旨慶 〇 天陚人 權、 男女惟 一、 

共和 至拜" 民生爲 4^ 同人等 

憫 女界之 1?^ &、 痛 H 商之 W 

經爱 組織本 公司、 西文 

。之成 敢亞 富 强之雄 

i 。執 槪用女 所 以樹平 

權之 先聲、 品物趨 國貨^ 

. 欲挽利 權於旣 大雅君 

其有 以爲當 者乎、 則 盍歸乎 

營、 業 P 本公 司雖係 營業! 

i^ilnl 有商業 模範之 精神、 

故^ 値 從廉、 定價割 一、 杜絕 

1 切商 業上之 恶釓 俾購者 

售者、兩得其便}^1^招恃之殷 

1,, 犀 之明来 11^ 爲 各界所 

僅^。先顧同胞、^|有以注意 

之 



Lrsson 4ul NEW TERMS 11, 



STRAINS RKrvnoNS. 中 俄交涉 之困難 、 , . 

中俄交涉、^1:^總長與俄公使睡商後、至今^未開議。總統府新年宴會、俄公使又_^病不到與一 

中國感 情極恶 所 謂和平 。終無 希望、 若以 武力解 I 中國又 Mi 力其 結肊必 致中^ 

虛名、 俄國狼 實利、 斷送^ 而已。 

A WAR.CSS. 日 美將有 ^ 大戰爭 , 、 > 、 . 

顷得外l乂界最近消息、:r美現因爭^^太平洋勢.f§i^情日_^#^^戰繭思想於是!i:!J於腦筋中 

據; k 、一! ^33 運河開 通後、 日 不免 一 場. 然 某某等 I 爲 保全球 W 平趙 《„ ^已 出顶調 

』化惟^心日美感情之恶劣、已達極^§戰鬭一 說、終不能^^ , : 

WHY BRITANNIA I THE WAVES. 英國人 富有自 。袷思 1 故、 其國 勢之。 發達人 民之進 化甲於 

全 t 德國 人最厳 自治、 故其市 ^組織 、傳於 今日。 其他 國、 亦挺^ 不然 、 

WANTED, A CIVIL ENGINEER. 鐵, i1 偏^ 現以 s 鐵路、 不日 就要、 開辦但 是中圃 a 路、 

人材 實在缺 昨天經 該處 提議、 打算聘 。請 一 個顧問 無論那 一 國的人 、只要 富於鐵 路知識 

都 可 以充當 、現在 正在物 i3 這項 人材 ^ 、 , , 

HEAD OF CIVP GOVERNMENT IN PROVINCE, 此事 欲從、 根本上 解决、 m 由 本會電 ^國會 詢其是 

否認民 政長爲 省官制 上應有 之官, 若國會 IP 爲必有 、則本 會當然 M 一 致承認 否則緞 賴反封 

Extract FROM IRresidential Edict. (fvo"l 協和報 , » 

自前年 九月、 以 ^」今1 法制 Ige 規定、 而紛 fe^ 决、 政洽 * 礙於 進行、 兼以 黨兒紛 歧是非 ^飢 

用. ^掣 ^ 政府 幾養成 暴民^ i . 

Hk must increase, St I MCST DSREASB. f$ i sf reported s ml fi. 、 

两 國公^ 與中國 敎仏當 =^sl, 之 中 國敎會 已至、 I 達、 之程 似 能擔、 任傅布 一。』 音 於全^ 

故 敎會中 最要之 SST 應 之於華 九本會 國公會 、如 能協助 此事、 必 大爲華 人所歒 迎- 



a Ob 

s a n I 

: w 二. s* 

4 u OJy.v 



u ^ 

3 n 



e 

甲 



,5J 



.1 

e 

d 

d 



;,. s 



e t i 

I, g 

t ,o J' 

I, J? u o c v> 

r i-s .? ,r 



,1 



120 新 ^'fi 詞 T.nssoN 41. 



I. Tflo^ chn, in short the point is. 

3. 勃 r'o«4, greatly quickened. ,, 

3. Jod^y as to. 

4. JB1、,A yil2、 it has its bearings upon. 

g* From the make-up of the consliUUion, one cau judge 
of &o. 

4h CAii n^ng^t power, especially such as comes from 
•hrewUueiiii or sLraUgy 



,、 、r 

7. Chiai /a<H, via. 

8. 溯 Su^ or shwoH^, to trace back to the source, to 
consider. 

9. 糊 流 differs from 風潮 as a rising tide differs from a 
litlal wave. 

10. J" or od^, to put a slop to. 

11. Ta" cUHem, to give moue)' to send them to tbsir 
homes. 



冬要亡 * 傳昏 i 曰 於中國 、必當 、責成 之於華 人吾; ^宜 g 中國 敎會, 切祈 。禱 、使 華人能 

3«知 其應有 之責仏 與所做 之機化 £1 個人與 、&能 ^發 其布道 1 思 本會 極信西 

1: 公^ 樂於 贊助此 _4 非 51 不 滅少. 布透之 人數、 並宜親 力對於 此方面 、與 華人協 1^1, 仏爲 

中 1: 敎 會最堅 强之後 , ,/ r 一: s \ 

LIMi:T»p PRESIDE.VrlAL l.ERM,」HENCE LIMITED^POWaR. 大總統 爲. 期之 長官 l( 權. 限亦自 有局 

法則 i 於國 家之全 In, i 將由其 明各 種國家 機關之 植限機 化^。 

WORLD-S Women Suffrage assotj^>ti。n at ^u、i^^^. (/=> 。- w 神州 女報) , 

本年 六月十 五 號至 一 干 一 號》5 篇國喊^#^1|«^七次聯合大會之期、會所在5^^,_ 

都城. 。於 此 次 會 期內、 ^ jg^i 之 代 tli M 同 t 願 爲 之行、 則. 返 1^ 

^時 伯利 鐵道 I 自 S5 至布 f」 布新, 叉 自布達 布斯返 11 爲 環球之 It^ 甚盼 

我 Ms%m^il?i$i3i、l 等國之 能^, 代& 往與 聚全、 世界 各宗敎 

各. 之姊 手 闻坐於 一 堂之上、^^蒈天下之喉音、以唱、女界自由之天^^0?亦、千古之偉 

業矣。1^0§,^來、女子參政 一 事、 成爲 世界潮 |&\政 問題、 自理想 而進爲 ift 其 進行之 

^^sp 驚 人者。 乂 \ "人 \ -^^ 

.Chinese ^^woc« w6^k. .(Frost circ-tar of the 婦. 孺救 濟會) - 

木會因欲^$:人道、膝,|1^腑起見、乃用調^發見、許§1、留養*等方&以救護被略之婦.^=^及 

未成年 之男子 SUPH;^ V- r ... 

Woman an AKGEbi.oF PEAS. ; (Fri 女 錢報) 

偷有 L 旧婦女 都受了 敎育、 都有 知識、 都得 了權; 1^ 我知 他們必 不願國 家有戰 if 以致殘 

傷生命 、即使 出了萬 不得已 的事: ^亦總 要和平 解决: 

V p. • 一 

^ ., 



r」 

,A 



LiessoN 42. 



NEW TERMS 



121 



LESSON XLII. 

SUrn.HMKNTARY TeRMS. 



I. 言論家 Vicn- lun^ chia\ Convcrsatioiiali.sis, 
ei"pty talkers, praters; critics. 

1? 称界 Ckirtgi ch" chie\ FiiKiiiciers. 

伶界 Ling'' chieK Actors, musicians. 

TI. ftii KwanK Aspect, point of view. This 
is frequently used as a Iciiniiial woicl, 
which may sometimes be represented by 
the suffix""", but is usually best trans- 
lated in combination with tlie preced- 
ing character, or by a distinctive word. 

政 JftIK Chi、ig、 ch'i^ kwan\ Political aspect, 

抽染 fttt Ch'ou^ hsiang-^ kwanK Abstraction, 
abstract idea. 

Sf*©J /''7(。''、 Optimism (set p. 42)'. 
尸 kz<an\ Pessimism. 

3^ Tien^. A point, — either of departure, aim 
0】 degree. Sometimes translated hy ness 
but usually by some distinctive word. 
Many examples occur in les. xxxvi. 

劣點 Badness, depravity, 

HI. 執牛 If Clii' niu^ er^. Hegemony. 

Note. At ratification of a treaty, an ox was slaughtered, 
and thn contracting parties smeared their mcmihs with 
its blood. Tiic rcprescntntivc of the prcponderatmg 
power held the car of the ox. 

利 S 厶 ch、i、 A tool in a fio;nrative sense, 
a cat's-paw , efficacious means. 

MPf Shit^ iszcan^. To steal away like mice. 

爲 虎作很 〃 fsod^ ciranrjK To aid in 

niachiiiatioiiS; efficacious means. 

Note. According to Williams, S^ll 傻 is defined as 

"the lares of a person wlio has been eaten by a 

tiger, and leads the beast to seize others ; 

a tempter, an evil adviser. 

漁翁 Yir ivhujK To gain profit from the 

couloiitiun of others. 
Note. Thin is a contraction for WM^^lil^ 'vii^ 
利, when the 碟 r/iH or oyster-catcher, and llic , 
oyster or clam, get into strife, the fisherinau profits. 
The beak of the bird is thrust into the shell of the 
bivalve, which closes ou it, and botJi bfcoinc picy 
of the man. Uatd in political sense. 
IV. 'A'Mi Chn^ kwod'. Suzerain. 

Tsung^ cliucn^. Suzerainty. 
Itiijf'M Ck'Uen"^ yi>*» tao-^. Supcriuteiidrnt of 

IiulusUie,, (old). 



V. 錢 院 J4 yiien4. Parliimcnt. 

宽政部 Chiin^ chcng^ pu^. Board of War, 

(Boards of Army aud Navy reunited). 
fJ9 称眞 Kwod^ zvit^ yiien^. President of out 

of tlie Boards, Minister of State. 
t'^Mf^ Ch、iien2 hsii\ • chii^. Civil Service 

Bureau. ( First character menus lo 

estimate.) 

Hi'.re.m of Mongolian and Thibetan 
Affairs. 

!^炎司艮 SliV yie^ sV chang^. Superintend- 
ent of Industries, (new). 

宣慰使 Hsi'ien^ wei-^ •y/ip. Pacification Com- 
uiissioiier. 

VI. 郵政 f 动^ 銀行 y/"2dif>/4c/rw2/"/i4yiV 

hang-. Postal Savings Bank. (3id and 
4th characters both luean to lay up.) 

鈔栗 Ch'ao^ p'iao^. Paper moucy, bank.bills. 

免換券 Twei^ hwa)0 chuen\ Draft, bill of 
exchange. 

VII. 饿 T'ung^ c/".4 cfiiien^. Admiuis. 
tiative power, control, right to govern. 

所有權 Sod^ yiu^ ch'tien-. Ownership, pro- 
prietorship, property. (Used both of 
personal property, and tlie absolute con- 
trol of a country by unlimited monarchy). 

7jk^^ 6V"'4 ju4. Mandate. 

Hsiin^ wei\ Order of merit, 

^f^-J^& /4 hweiK ) Local couucil, as 審 讚 



斷送 Tzvan"^ stotgK 



To present, 
as of cutting 



used in 
off and 
one has no right to 



political sense, 
giving away what 
give. 

IX. ^R- a"、"g、 Levy. 
W.%^<^i C,"'"g、 />i"g、 izvei\ Mobiliza- 
\\ 11 of tr»"»ps. 

J.|*i;jfij ri Ft:"g、 chin^ hai^ k'ou^. Blockade. 
iSlft 物 〃''wyi tVM**. Explosives. 
til^^M, V'u(in4 chiic^ chiao^ fung\ To cut 

oft' comiuunicalion. 
戦 Ijl Chtxn^ hsitn^, V'ig\\\.\\\g lint, seal ol 

war. 



122 



新名詞 



Lrssom 42. 



A fine. 



扣留 笨 火 K'ou^ liu2 chiin^ hwoa^. To con- 
fiscate ammunition. 

X. 破產法 P'o6^ ch'an^ fa\ Bankruptcy 

laws. 

返娘 T'lvei^ hun^. Divorce sought from one 
side. 

離婚 Li^ ImnK Divorce sought from both 
sides. 

破壞名 # P'oa"^ hwai^ ming^ yii"^. Libel. 

Picn-^ hu^. To plead a case. 
會难公 1^ Hwei^ shen^ kung^ chie^. Mixed 

court. 

法典 Fa^ tien3. Code of laws. 
罰金 Fa2 chin^ 
科 ly K'P fa\ 
罰 金保出 Fa^ chin^ pao^cWxi\ To demand bail. 
保證金 Pao3 chingA chinK Bail. 

XI. 參事 Tsan^ s/n-^. Counselor, as of Chi* 

nese Foreign Office, 
@ 先權 hsicH^ ch,uen2. Preferential priv- 
ileges, right of priority. 

XII. 藥物學 Yiie'^ n'"4 hsiie^. Pharmacology. 
病现學 Pi"g4 hsiie^. Pathology. 
Cf^rir 71 hsiie- j/"4. Physician, M.D., used 

as title after name (See les. xxiii). 
化學品 Hwa^ hsiie^ p'\n\ Chemicals. 
架錢 Yile^ cKieh^. Tablet, (flat and round). 
方^ 塊 Fang^ yue^ k'wai^. Tablet, (oblong 

or square), 

XIII. 獨 r*J 事業 Tu^ chan^ shi'^ yie^. Corpora- 
tions. 

龍 斷 Lung^ twan^. Trust, monopoly; to have 

the monopoly of. 
市面 Sh'iA mien^. Market. 
兩替屋 Liang^ fi^ ww!. Money-changer's 

shop, exchange. 

XIV. 地方 7\'4 fangK Tlie people in distinc- 
tion from the government, the local iu 
distinction from .the centralized. 

運動 選泰 FwJi-* tung^ hsilen^ chii^. Elec- 
tioneering campaigu. 

hsiien^. Primary election for 
nominating candidates, 

钹選 F»4 hsiicn'^. Election. 

當 if 人 Tang^ hsiien^ jen^. Candidate. 

XVI. 否定 Fou^ tingK To decide in the 
negative. 



票决 P,iao4 ch!ie2: To decide by ballot, to 

put to vote. 
簡章 Chicn^ change. Regulaiious. 
緩議 Ilzvan^ 1,4. To defer a discussion, to 

postpone decision. 
壤行 Chii^ lising^. To convene, to gather as 

at celebration or exercises of any kind. 
提出 丁? ch*H^ chod^. Mover of resolution. 
XVII 規矩會 Kzvei^ chii^ liwei-^. Free- masons. 
救火會 C7"〃4 Invod^ hzve'f^. Fire Brigade. 
中華 S 子偵探 Chumf hwa-t'ung'ts'i^cWenc/ 
I'on' tivei-^. Chinese Boy Scouts. 

XVIII. , 動產 Tiing^ ch、an'、. Moveable effects. 
通俗 7',"'〃/ SU-. Popular, suited to the 

public. 

生 活程度 Shaiff^ hwod- cli'eng- tuK Maiiuci 

of life, (conduct or expenditure). 
公民 Kuiig^ J im-. Citizens. 

XIX. 心理 Hsin^ ";. Bent of mind, inclina- 
tion, idea, predilection, taste. 

^.V; 7',〃2 cWwng-. Ambition. 
常識 Ch'ang- sh'i^. General information, (19). 
恐 "bSi ICung^ hzvang^, Appreheiisiou, uervoux- 
ness, fear. 

XX. 耶敎 、理 Yie^ chiao"^ yiicn- /P. Chtu>l- 
iau Science. 

宗派 Tsiiug^ p,ai4. Sects. 

XXL 佈道 /V^ /a (? 4 To evangelize. 

望道者 IVang-^ iao^ choa^. Inquirers. 

學友 Hsi'ie- yiu^. Catecluunen, probationer. 

敎 {;£• Chiao^ fir. Church member. 

XXII. 函授 iiS^ 程 Han- shon^ k'e-^ ch'eng-, 
Coiiespondence course. 

函 梭學校 Han- j/iow4 hsue^ hsiao^. Corres- 
pondence school, 

夏 令卓校 Hsia^ lingA hsiie^ hsiao^. Summer 
school. 

XXIII. ,氍生 Ku'an'i fei4 shhgi. Students 
Iniving official support. 

自費^ 'AH fei^ sheng^ , Self-supportiug 

students. 

免 費學額 iWit^w; /"'4 ksiie' e\ Scholarship. 
Wi%% Kwan^ lisiang^ t'ai-. Observatory. 
天然^^^';』《 Tien' jan- fao^ fai\ Natural 
selection. 

XXV. 言 論機閼 yien2 li《n4 d"i !m'a"、 The 
Press. 



Lbsson 42. 



NEW TERMS 



12J 



招貼 Chao^ VieK A poster. 

言寄 Hsiien^ yien^ shu^. Manifesto. 
號外 Hao^ wai^. Supplement. 

披露 P'ii !" 4. Announcement as of publica- 
tion of book. 

通信員 T'loig^ hsin^ yiien^. Reporter, corres- 
pondent. 

XXVI. 學說 Hsile^ shwoa\ Theory. 
實事的 ShP sh'i^ Practical. 

學派 Hsile^ fa'A School of thought. 

XXVII. 講演會 Chiang^ yien^ hwei^. Lecture 
bureau or institute. 

流 Si 害扉 乙 i"2 tung"* shii^ k'u^. Circulating 

library. 
薛 術 /4 sh"4. Art. 

XXIX. 化 5 丄品 Ilwa* chwang^ p,ift3, Cos- 

luetics. 

露 Lw*, Essence, flavoring, as 菜子露 

XXX. 大同 fung^. Harmony of senti- 
ment. 

XXXI. 先進 Hsieni chin4. Preceding, 
新進 hsin^ chin^. Succeeding. 



少 年新進 S~hao4 nien^ hsin^ chin^. Rising 
generation. 

XXXII. 祌州 Shen^ chouK China, often am- 
plified into 大好紳 州. 

震旦 Chen^ ian^. China. Williams says, "A 
Buddhist name for China, the last word 
being intended for the Sanscrit 'stan,, a 
country." 

圆 Kwod^,' New form of 0. The reason of 
the change becomes apparent wheu one 
remembers that an abbreviated form of 
this character was 国. It is the people 
who arc now the central figure. 

金 Chin! ling^, Nanking. 

Jl'HS ShP c7"i. Opportunity, juncture. 

XXXVIIL 保存 Pao^ tsUifi^. To conserve. 

较進 Ching^ chin^. To strive to excel. 

XXXIX. 當然 Tangi jan^. Should, ought. 

蹄造 Ti4 isao^. To construct. 

XLI. K 相 Chen^ hsiangK Accurate iufonua- 
tion. 

; 端 Chi^ twan、. To the last degree. 



I. fi" nifli Iu4. Nanking Road, 
fl. i3 hsiang^ pang^ j^n ' , for native cousuiuittion. 
J. Ch、/n。' p'inJ, ready tuadc arUclcs, wauufactureU 
article*. 



t hings vhia\ very ! iiipenor. 
tt C/i'mnj;", to injure. 



CODB s rw3. 現法 制局已 將民國 法典大 

氣提 出如下 * 二) 民國 憝法、 (一 D 國籍法 、(三 ) 

民法、 刑法, (四) 刑事訴 訟法、 民事訴 訟法、 (五) 

法院編 制法、 (六) 商法、 (七〉 S 際法、 (A」 國際 

私法、 (九) 國會組 織法。 

WOMEN-S STORE, (? Wt 紳州 女報) 

本準四 馬^ 女子舆 業公司 、除 其餘售 品外、 特 

製各種 化學品 、以 餉邦. k 、如 花&^ 冰、 佛水^ ^ 

成 口1 糈 5m 。如購 物滿銀 一 元者。 贈化 粧品 一 ^ 

以示 飲迎、 而 喚起同 胞樂用 國貨之 導線。 則 

女子生計、隨國貨而進^|^吾不禁爲魏魏然之 

偉£^14^終日作他人的奴隸&同5^之生計^^^ 

羞 殺矣。 

Heart-breaking Fostsrs. 省城 亂丘" 大揞之 

後、滿目荒凉,大街之..^更衫難看、各舗戶^^均 

在灰 #\1中 、檢拾 殘物。 牆 角剩、 柱上、 多有貼 一 

紅紙字 t 上寫本 號被抢 歇業、 還、 有寫 被搶、 五 

次歇業 ^ 此可 ii 招 帖中之 創見、 字雖不 I 內 

合無 數血. i— , 



124 新名詞 Lesson 42; 



Notes. 



I. Two clauics, ― from the past, we can take warning 

and for the present watch carefully our bouudaries. 
1. Li*, immediately. 

3. Li* s/ii7i f/iiViM, Board of Astronomy under former 

dynasty. 

4. w'hole clause, it was decided that be no longer 
rciiuireil medical trealmciit 

J. II u fit' t/ii', lo return to one's family scat. 



6 S 分 Ch'ui f/n*, distribution; to deal with. 

7. Bod3 i/nii cnodi, possessor. , 

8 T ung* chi' , beginning, as of machinery just startinj*. 

9. Pu*-chia'-li3 »i'-t'od', Bucharest. 

10. Jf «4, as a verb, to took upon. 

11. 5f \Vm, gallop furiously,-' figuratively, very keea 
on. 

12. W'Uole clause, but Ibcy have doI yet attaiued iU 



MlUTARY SOCIETY F.OR PROMOTION OF ^m>s. 軍界臨 時維持 會致孫 中山黃 克强電 

同 人等、 i^f> 古 >」^1flld 再有 暴動、 國. 1^ 瓜分。 特集南 北軍人 、發起 斯會、 1 極端之 自:^ 

爲武 裝之和 不與 黨爭、 不涉政 I 不爲感 情所動 、不 爲利祿 所搖、 各盡天 M 維持 社會、 以 

釋 猜疑、 而救危 

Miscellaneous. 3„國 以調和 Hssf 國 非徵集 兵隊不 爲功。 

杏一警 務章程 、凡 地方自 由結; 1^ 人民 自由出 I 巡警 必先審 其宗旨 言論、 M 弱害 治安、 煽恐 

人心之 劣點、 而後 容其實 1仏 

敎 部日^ 提出 之官制 ^ 現經國 務會議 、擬將 歷數^ 1 S% 爲觀象 臺。 

i 國 電云、 sai 受傷 之後、 於翳院 洽傷、 lis 勿藥、 一 干 一 百回籍 、不出 1 1 星紙再 開始運 

動 選舉。 

限制獨 占事業 、如 電車、 電燈、 鐵逍, 自來水 營業、 宜由國 家或地 方剛體 管有之 、不得 使少數 

人壟斷 , 、 、 

今 民阈成 五族 一 {^ 凡屬公 Oif 皆在自 由之^ 

公 司之動 產不動 公司之 所有物 也> 物之處 ^刀、 其權 當然属 於所有 . 

t;^:! 人 對^^ 外人顧 g 、頗動 悲觀、 此乃顧 問之; gik 前途果 有樂觀 、殊難 窺測, 

布、.^5^司脫^|^^人所1^爲東方之^1„者也、然^^名而不求實。繁華則有之、以言文學藝 

術、 肿猶未 

^政 府在 B1 佔 有優先 得以 設備郵 電等" ^ 

则君 si^ 案與第 一 案、有連帶關6^笫 一 案旣不 成立、 此 案亦請 緩議, 

自吾觀^^ 以四 萬萬 t 佔據 此束 大陸、 時存 奴錄牛 馬之 悦者、 非獨黑 鐵赤血 之 主義不 



NEW TERMS 



125 



LESSON 

A Few Terms 
The terms in this chapter are from the 
Encyclopedia Japonica, kindly loaned by the 
Christian Literature Society. Though this 
work is in Japanese, the titles to the articles 
are in Chinese, usually translated into Eng- 
lish. 

The following terms are given to illustrate 
language in its inakiiig;, ― the stream tapped 
at its source. At the time of gathering these 
(and a few more) from the many large 



XLill. 

FROM Japan. 

volumes, none of the terms had been nitt 
elsewhere ; but from time to time a few have 
been struck from the list, having beeu found 
in newspapers, and being transferred to the 
lesson containing the extract. 

Hence the remaining terms cannot be 
illustrated by extracts, and the excerpts in 
this chapter are all left-overs from the over, 
full Lessou XLii. 



人格 Jen' ki*. Person, personality. 

二" T (人格 /iH ch'nng- jen^ kP. Double per- 
sonality. 

责将 TsP WH^. Moral obligation. 
信念 Hsin^ nicH-^. Belief, 
l^fl 始 Ch'wang^,^ shl^. Originality. 
PIl! 意識 V'jH chi^ i4 j/iH. Self-consciousness. 
^{i' Chnu]'^ he. Cousistcncy. 
PtJ^-'flJft Shcn^ ch"ig、 kiuou-^ tnin^. Ner- 



Vocabulary. 

PiVitlSc Ke- kan3. Telepathy. 
社交性 Slii* chiao^ hsiny^. Sociability, 
/r.iy Clieny'^ mci^. Courtship, (last char- 
acter means to ailulatc). 
利他 厶 》'4 foa^ f/〃'3 t'4. Altruism. • 
寺^心 Chxvan^ hsin^. Conversion. 

然 Clxao^ tsi^ jan^. Supernatural. 

ft 等 批;; 1^ 人 p i' Highci 
criticism. 

tft 一 IS (因 Ti^ /* yiieH' yin^. First cause. 



窠 >"m4. withstand. 

BL ffi I///-, both meau to covet. 



T'iao^ ch'^n-f a lucul statement. 
3 to come up to, as pursuer. 



發 i 责以四 萬萬. ^存四 萬萬心 結之、 精 

祌*鍵|愛國之熟齓無鋒^外之能^^要而言之、亦 

曰自私 自利而 d . I 

自 fli 獨 A 輒人 已生? si 之、 仏 人抵 

地借||^其:^|-之野心)<^欲實行。|1人素性愚 

I 乂不知 斷送、 我 國多少 領土。 、 、 

, 初選之 當選人 、致力 於複選 運動者 、莫不 皆是、 

而此初 選當選 ^ 固早有 複選被 選者之 欲一 i 

郜人素 有提倡 灌輪國 民法政 知識的 志向、 始 

想出 個簡便 法子、 自 已組織 一 種法政 淺說亂 

毎 十天出 j 册、 文法通 ^兼 用白話 * 所以 淺而 

易 P 

日前 I 豕 翩事務 HI 曾提 3 關於 n 政 策之條 

膨、 交 國務院 核議" 現悉國 務院、 已否决 此項條 

31|;: 署、 於 女權黨 破壊市 刼 郵信 一 

以其妨 、治安 、即 下令、 街警、 捕、 拿 黨.^ 當時就 

者四名 、內有 一 女子、 下獄後 、即 經其姊 爲之納 

相 當罰金 若干保 3i (英律 、罪 狀較輕 之犯、 可 

以金臏 )。 



126 



詞名新 



Lksson 43, 



目的因 "4 ^ij'rt'. Filial cause, 
前件 Ch'ien^ thien^. Antecedent. 
後件 How^ chien^. Consequent. 
曲 Ifir Or"', 4 Paradox. 
反理 Fan^ Anomaly. 
自發 7Yi4 yji. Spontaneous. 
危期 f【"t,(2,' ch'i\^. Crisis. 
先史 HsicH^ shi^ t/i'i?. Prehistoric pe- 
riod. 



宗 門裁判 Tsung^ mm^ ts'ai^ p^an-^. Inquisi, 
tion. 

阈勢 P3 査 Kwoa^ sh'i^ /,— 2 ch'a:. Censuai 

分' Ft'n^ yie^. Division of labor. 

同特 fi? 懷 T'ung^ sh'e chie^ kn^. Lock-out 

Citing^ twang^ cheng^ chii^, Cir* 
cuiiistantial evidence. 
變 iR? FicH'^ chnng^. Variety. 
©榮 Sung^ jung^. Doxology. 



f8 an angle; bent on (used for ;f$). 

m Chiao^^ 3, to make a pet of; chiao^ h*, a spoiled 

child. 



3. Ch'un^ hsiaoi jani yii', all understand, (last tw« 

words coalesce with verb.) 

4. Kwan^ t'uni/\ is pervaded by. 



CmuzED AND Unciviuzbd Divorce. 查 文明離 婚這件 事固然 是外國 行之在 

先。我中國離婚的雖^大牛都是野蠻辦法。要據我||^外國法律上、是否有這 

們 一 條 ^ 却倒 無關繁 1§|^ 暗 們中國 法散可 非有 離婚這 條 不行、 皆因外 國人是 

自由結 蚱彼此 性格相 紘學問 相氰彼 此先得 較量些 日子、 而 後緣能 作氣當 

1 初旣是 兩 相 情願而 t 日後總 可免牛 路不和 之事。 就好比 買扇子 是的、 當面 

挑, 1 回顔 不换、 旣是准 其挑、 准其選 、眞 要再回 來換、 也就太 難了。 所以 我說離 

婚這 一 11^櫊在外國地^^倒是件可有可無.乙事、中國人結婚之:?^本人毫無 

J 自主 之權、 甚至 於瞞着 本人、 旁人硕 作主意 !但憑 一 涸神聖 不可侵 犯的媒 

. ^、父 母^ 要 代擔責 可又 跟不了 一 輩子。 兒女捏 着鼻子 一 盡^ 不 願意又 

不肯明.^|^遇見老寶嫁11^娶過來不順心、口(好閉眼認命、耍遇見 一 悃 不肯認 

命的、 還出 不了人 命嗎。 

Terms LiiEL- IN INDEt-ENDENT Chinese Church. 

節錄. ii 基督敎 、自 立會 1 告書 〇 本總會 完全成 立>後 如有望 道者、 .3 本會 

牧師等 記名 學道、 名爲學 果行爲 與聖經 相合、 方! s 入敎、 名 爲敎& 

The Taoist State churs. 

道敎 < ^發現 日 前國務 收到、 道教 會宣言 氤 大意以 道敎爲 中國固 有之國 

敎大綱 先分立 演敎、 宣律、 1 一門、 規定種 種研究 乎續、 復分立 救濟、 勸箬、 化 si.^ 二 

門、 俾世人 洗心革 ^si 曉然於 大道之 鼠擬要 求民國 政府承 亂提交 參議院 

議决、 列爲 法令。 其宣言 Hi 貫 國家、 社會、 世界、 三大 主義、 以明 道敎實 堪推爲 

M 敎一 L 



NKW TERMS 



:\OTES. 



Buddhism and Confucianism have caoh an illustrated 
monthly, Taoism apparently hat none as yet. 
7/>h3 canoirof scripture. 

j|) //"«4, sea or desert ; fan' hatt、 a bouudlcss 

expanse, Itiiiitlcss. 

Chi' chu 巩、 most nolewortliy. 

A curious Imt coninion use of 墨 for possibly 
becftiise the Mexican ilollar is so uuicli iii evitlciior. 
Hiiil is known tu conic from Auiorica. (Mexico is 鶴 

w 哥). 

r/"i /irfi4, Almost fills. 

Ku^. but 'tyu\ with regard to. 



lo. 



13 



ft yitn^, accomplished : t'ung^ ju^ sHwoa^ i/i>fH, 
\vf ll-versed autl ni'coniplished Coufuciau scholars. 
Whole clause, Ihey (the foreigners or Cbrislians) 
do not dare opeuly to slander (tbe Coufuci 詹驢 
religion). 

Here follows the request for p raver priuteU above. 
/', &c. like kiiaii-liiia. 本來 (Ifl 女 7>. 
Whole plirase, whut is Uis ilcsigii m setting up a uew 
(staiiihiril) and leaJiug oil iu u diffcrcut ^palh). 
Ti*, but. 

CVi'ii' chii, count them over ou your tingera ^i.e. hy 
(luublnij{ I hem up). 



BCJDDHISM ONLY FOR Tts LOWER PASS5- (/vi 錄通 俗敎育 報) 

我國人民素所信仰之佛5^能保存其^3^亦未始非維持下等社會之 一 法 t 惟 4 敎 

不以啓 發人民 之智識 爲目的 、紙使 其迷 愁爲宗 a£ 故不必 用精; 1 財 力以改 15^ 但 

求保 存其所 已有、 斯足 41^ r 

Buddhism above the COMPRISKNSION OF COMMON paops. SOS 錄佛 Mi 叢報) 

佛敎典&繁^辭義精^^非吾人所能畢讀、加以宗派紛1各以其說爲佛說、更非吾 

人 所能辨 1 

Yuan ssh k-ai-s Request f。r Prayer. 政府請^:^-督敎析禱電 文 

請爲 目下開 議之國 1 成之 政府、 將選之 總統、 民國之 一法、 祈 鷓上帝 護佑、 並祈禱 

中 政府、 e 由各 國承 IfkB 、得 底安寧 1 咼行之 士得被 選用、 政府 得建、 於鞏固 之基^ 

接電 I 請照會 省內各 敎堂、 同 於四月 1 1 十七 日、 爲中國 舉行祈 禱會、 幷准公 衆與會 

云 、 、 

按 弗基督 敎國、 有此請 i 實爲世 界歷史 之創舉 、北方 各基督 敎會、 皆大爲 滿意、 久 i 拋 

中國之西.=^^52|1此乃中國革命後、極藜之變一!^ 

How THIS REQUISST for IPRAYER AI>1>KARS TO A CONFUCIANIST. 

某女 士論政 府請基 督敎祈 禱電文 f 孔敎會 雑誌) W 

中齓孔敎國也、非基督敎國1耶敎入、中國、初甚微^^迄今而其;|5遂1^^、近雖歐風^^ 

li 幾 i 神州大 i^i 於我 M 通懦碩 !^、 所持古 昔聖賢 之大經 大:^ ^种未 澉公然 

蓋不 足蕩搖 我日月 經天、 江河行 地之孔 ^亦 明矣昨 載 ^小 電文、 云 某^ 婦 

人女子 、并未 敢仰窺 萬!^ 政府、 標新領 9 之用 意爲、 何^^ 中國、 至今日 、上 4 下兢、 非 

但爲 II 法之國 、亦 幾成爲 無敎之 M 。屈^ 政^ 人物、 非 先朝茵 iiii. 即留學 新生、 一 則向 



r 2 3 4 - 



128 新名詞 I-sssoN 43. 



Chao、 sktA^ openly serve. 

聿 >«4, an initial particle without tneauing. Thes<i 
two c iauses are from the Book of Odes. 
恃 //(〃H, hasty. 
t'/t'a/if/4, to lead, 

r' " .v/4, stop the sacrifices, i.e. to Coufudua, 
Shao~, clear, shao- jan^, clearly. 
Chnnj^ vhi\ to collect. 
Kin^ chu-i here means conformably with. 
Ch'weii, band down. 

Soa3 hsi4, all that is connected with or implied itt 

Tsu'iffi pan {73^ revere. 

f^h" sh^iKj^, a title of Coufucius,— the holy one wU<t 

adapted himself to the times. 

7',/04 for 道理. 

Chi^t a staudurJ, a moileL 



1. 毋 IV",, whole phrase, is not tins violating conscience. 

2. NsifO pu^ shi0、 one's heart is not in it. 

3. gjj. Usi'i' tung*^ to conciliate. 

4. C/iiC' c/iai\ ceremonial purification and fasting 
preceding prayer. 

5. <g Ch'iie'*, sincere. 
K /〃-V vou. 

7. Moo^ /<jn', rashly; whole phrase, rashly affect a like 
civilization. 

8. 竊 Ch、ie\ I (depreciatory, ― I steal a chance to &c.) 

9. ^ C h、 i 臬, to lay aside arms, to promote peace. 

10. ^ /•*, to rush on; ch、in、 to invade ; whole pbrasc 
not only will uot promote ptrace atuoiig conteudiiig 
factions. 

11. Ts" 、 here a verb, to help. Whole pbrase, but will 
AS a matter of fact furuish ihem a pretext. 



Notes 



與基督 敎龃船 ,一 则久斥 祈禱爲 迷信。 今 茲輕舉 妄動、 i 乃遠- ^違心 者-^ 不 

節、以此號召四^^^^萬國>先無潔^-致敬,>^眞|^^^帝臨、4^其又奚1^|^嘗 

聞惟 精神之 宗敎、 乃能 iS 發其 未來、 天演公 M 有 1^ 進之道 f 、今 循, 肜式 宗敎 

之 迹、貿^表示同化、||恐 不、惟無 以^各家之 侵l/仏乃適f^^ 口 實而授之、以 

i| 且我 國 而爲 |§ 之國也 、則 亦自、 比淤野 蠻、^ ?洛、 不能、 不求 介紹於 外敎、 以 

祈上帝 I 我國 而非爲 無敎之 國也、 昭 iij^is 多一。 > 、則猶 有我 孔子之 5^ 

敎.|^吾$1811}5知上帝非基督敎之所私有、乃普天之下、人人之所公有者1 

Edict upgsINC CONFUCIANISM. 臨時 袁大總 統尊孔 令擇要 

t^」.ap 體改 f 、蹄 共和、 或謂 之說、 與今之 平等自 由不. < "、淺 妄者、 I 至 

lb 然 r 爲廢 ii 之說、 此 不獨無 以識 孔子之 精微、 即於平 等自; ffl 之眞相 、亦未 

有當也。天生孔子、爲萬世師^|1^木大總統證以數千年之歴史、中外學者之論 

^蓋 :! 然有以 知日月 之無傷 、江河 之不廢 I 惟民國 、以. ^民爲 主體、 非任其 

^11:由信,^不足以證心理之同。前經國務院通電各省、徵^|多、數«民?^孔意 

現 1 尙未覆 1^ 應 俟各省 一 律議 j§ ^到 、即查 照民國 體制、 根: i 古義、 將祀 

孔典 #折 衷至當 、詳細 規定、 以 表尊? i 而 || 久 i& 木 大總^ 以?! 、溷家 强弱、 存 

亡所 1. 〔惟此 鳢養簾 恥之歲 欲遏橫 I、 在 4 正軌。 總期宗 i 時 M 蜂不 虚仏以 

正人 -仏以 立 民&. 凡我國 民、 同有 責焉、 此<1!^ 

Recent Events that bring Jovr to Christians. {Fil 烟台晨 星報) 

我再^ 國的 現狀、 說說 Is 可、 引起 信徒、 的樂 亂即、 如 大總 統歡迎 

大會、 3^ 省議仏 歡迎穆 么^ 前 總統、 g 步釗 總統、 樂助靑 年會距 欽、. 



_ J 4 56 78 9 « 



12 3 4 5 

2 2 2 2 2 



Lrsson 43. 



NEW TERMS 



\29 



了。 水 正的謀 信以同 槪方迷除實很政)^^ 劃' 成 極 南 II 都 
汆 2 是 進 敎 徒 、現 意、 極 官 信、 社 行、 認 府 問除敎 端 都 督、 
舟 順 行、 會 要 在所表 大地會 破眞也 題、 鵜 會 贊 督、 湖 II 



ii Cli'ani, to spade up, to uproot. 

余 7"w/i3, to float. (From make-up of character, 

this is a man above the water. It is interesting to note 



that another form of the character to drown, W 
夹. a man below the water. 



LESSON XLIV. 

Address before Educational Association. 



某君赴 北京學 8^ 飲迎^ 之演說 

今日. 取諸君 在此開 大會、 兄弟得 與諸君 

J 見、 歡 W 無 tel^f 界 與此次 革命、 大有影 

|^蓋以前鼓吹革命。學界力量居1則今 

, 日革命 成功、 學界、 功勞亦 最.^ 、然 而學界 

^ 於民 國末成 以前、 其力量 旣大、 而 今日革 

^ 命功成 、建設 方始、 尤 須大發 宏願、 助民國 

I 之進、 行、 所以今 、日担 任國家 事情、 比革命 

^ 以前、 尤爲 重大、 方能致 國家于 if 固地: d 

^ 現在 文明世 無論 作何種 事業、 非學問 

,^ 不能 成功、 所以國 家文明 程度、 即 視學問 

訂 程 度高下 爲標^ 是學問 爲文明 之母當 

I 今 時代、 非有學 si 則 其國不 能在地 球上、 

^ 佔 一 地位" 数百年 來一新 發明之 。學、 ai 歐洲 

,1 傳到 美洲、 進行勢 日長 一 日。 無 學問者 

^ 如非洲 、從 前之南 北美、 及 現今之 亞洲各 

國、 都被歐 美有學 問的國 、來。 干涉北 (國1^ 

IE. 見國 家全靠 學問而 生存。 現在我 民國、 

破壞 方畢、 建 設伊: 前途 遠大、 第 一 就要 

從學問 上來用 饥旣耍 從學問 上用功 、就 



耍有方 有學 I 然必 有正〉 學說方 

針始能^15如學說背於公氣雖^方針 

亦 不 能進; 仏然而 Mi 00^.m.^,^ 

- 有生民 以來、 天演進 L 有 一 〔^^ 的, 

然必經 ;^: 門名家 、考 察而始 5:^ 之 k^.!. 

說有時 與天: 飢 P 一化的 ^it^ 少有 •..^ii 

我中 國幾千 年來、 對於此 種進化 风.. i 

無人發明、過後幾時期、始5:^€.-*?^1 

近四五 十 年來、 各國^ 說、 於 進化之 I 

已相 甚遠、 即如 强横兢 優成, S 力敗之 一 

舉 i 洲在三 十午: .JJIiii:. 以爲: 入诹 

進化、 .£ 考究 物现 而得 * 就 Jss 物原 iF 

進以 推至人 1 .1: 此 iw,u^ 

多 是優成 i 劣敗 、化强 tiK< 理 近來新 

學說發 I 漸打不 0£以 爲此稀 slii^ 應 

在人 類初進 化之時 if 距今數 千^^ 

已不 適用。 現在 之人 、思想 ii 通 

^1^居今日拖想從1木1:優勝劣敗、始 

能至今日文叨地;;:^旣至今日文明她 

位、则有强權||公珲之€.說,便不適.:^ 



130 新名詞 Lesson 44, 



所以英 國達爾 文發明 進化之 理是封 於從前 而言非 

對於 以後而 一一一 £ 是對 野蠻時 代而! HIJ^ 對文明 時代而 

Hi 我中 國本進 化之、 理、 經 過革命 時氣」 已 將黑暗 政洽、 

推氣漸 及文明 政治、 今正 在過渡 時代、 政 洽思想 > 學 

恰逢地球學問過渡時代。所以從前是野蠻時^.今日 

是文 明時代 > 忻 蠻時代 "講力 11^講、强 齓文明 、時代 、講道 

^^講公现從此以^學問過渡^^方針 一、 定、 照文明 、學 

理做? 命以後 、架 講民族 主穀、 民權 主義、 民生主 ifu 

求人民 之平等 .H 山。 此 三種主 1 就是 學問之 進参文 

明之進 ^講 逍德學 1 即要 從此二 一 種進行 、以。 後學 

就不能 主張俊 劣 t 要主張 一 種道 學說。 道、 德學 

說、 不是講 優勝劣 敗的、 是 優者。 助劣者 is 時、 代、 有强 

權者、 殘 害無强 權者、 大背公 理 。自。 有 A 類以. ^、中 國學 

I 主張道 德、 都 是公、 理、 不 是强權 。各國 新與^ 者、 亦 是講 

此_^迢§^?幾十年5^^^^來物質的科學發、1始知古今 

來的 文明進 = ^是對 已 往而一 li 今日 學者、 Eyf- 改變方 

針、 從逍 上進行 、始能 至政治 上平、 等自由 ,天 、之 生人、 

智愚 不同、 何、 U 能平等 、必須 .1^ 學問、 有知 識者、 耍輔助 

無知識 之人 、不 要壓制 無知識 之人、 政治. M 始 能平等 

自由蓋無學問無知識者之貴^^有學|1有知識者、爲 



之担任 、然 後能自 由享幸 未革命 以前、 兄 弟嘗聞 

報紙 上說、 學界有 一 新名詞 學生 將來作 中阈之 

主人 1 此 話在專 J 時代 可說、 蓋學 生將來 在尊制 

政府、 作官輔 助皇帝 、壓制 平民、 皇 爲 專制國 之 主 

人翁、則輔助之^1^亦|^爲小主人、學生爲將來之主 

人、 是 制時 代之學 ilk 「政 體改 爲共^ 則此職 話、 

已不適 ^所以 現在之 學牛一 不特非 將來之 主人翁 * 

並且 是中國 將來之 奴僕、 因 爲學 .It^ 講求學 問 、其聰 

明才力 、比 平民高 一 等、 爲 一 般國民 、担資 貴 即係 

1 般、 平民 之公僕 矣一所 以政體 革命、 學生 思想、 亦要 

革命、 要改從 前思相 一 種爲 國民造 幸一。 J 的思 ii 

不可 恃學問 it: 制平 Di^ 此種思 相,^ 就是 道德思 ii 如 

因我有 學問、 即用 以壓制 1:1 學問 之人、 即爲野 蠻思 

相|今 天、 學界諸 歡迎 兄弟, 所、 以就有 一 句話、 爲諸、 

君勸勉 、諸君 此後、 求學的 方針、 要改 ISI! 文明的 > 方仏 

思想切 勿存以 前權利 的思相 ^有 學問、 有本領 > 在社 

會 丄^ 該與 同胞代 ^ 作奴 I 始不賈 求學 者之本 

旨。 今天兄 :|5^ 望學 界諸君 Y 能變以 前之方 針思? i 

以盡 力於中 國建設 事情、 就可以 《; t 固 中國爲 一 偏 

最文明 最强盛 之國家 t^, , 



L'tssoN 45. 



NEW TERMS 



131 



CHAPTER XLV. 

SUPPLEMUNTAKY TeRMS. I915. 



This chapter niiglu well be entitled the 
Scrap-heap, for it is largely made of left-overs. 
It consists of (a) new terms occurring in the 
text of the lessons, but not defined cither in • 
that or subsequent lessons ; {h") two character 
terms which occur as component parts of 
longer lerms, but which are not individually 
defined in any lesson vocabulary ; (r) terms 
which have been modified by usage, or which 
supplant the term given in ihe lesson ; {d) words 
which were incorporate<l in the first draft 



of New Terms, and hence were included 
in the Hnglish-Cliinese Vocabulary to tlie 
Mateer Language Scries, but which were 
subsequently crowded out of New Terms : 
(e) terms not heretofore noticed in either 
book. These last cannot all be warranted 
to be permanent. 

Hearty thanks are due to Sir Everard II. 
Fraser, K. C. M.G., President of the Royal 
Asiatic Society, for kindly revising tlie new 
terms contained in the foiiowing chapter. 



Vocabulary. 



I 政治家 C//^;/e^ r///* Chia\ Statcbincn. 
Ill Ts'ai - ch'an'^ cfua\ The wealthy. 

Hsia(^ shwoYi^ chia^. Muvdists' 
Hsing^ hsut^ chia^. Astrologers, 
soothsayers (as those who predict how 
the war will terminate). 
科>^'3^$ K'e^ hsne^ chia\ Scientists. 

Hang' hai'^chia^. Navigators. 
? f'll、3^ Yie"isin、 c/"a\. Mad schemers. 
交 [? Chiao^ chi、 chia}. Men of social 
gifts, " mixers." 

ggjf >«; ^'^M Nature, the nat- 

ural world in distinction from 精 祌界, 
the spiritual world. 
石; JIf 時代 Shr i-h? 5/ir iai\ The stone 
a^je. (This pattern is carried out in 
terms coined after a similar fashion 
descriptive of subsc<iuent a"es, even to 
the fanciful term lor the coming age, ― 
'.UHVR or 

'it/I^SI I- :} & /," ^-wod- ihu^ i ism. 

j^W 進^ Chien^ c/iift^ chu^ Moderate 
liberalism, as opposed to ;3; 進 主義. radi- 
calism (p. 3). 

國 家生孩 A.^7V (? d- chti^ /*. " Nation- 

alism," G-ivernnient policy as oi)p*»>cd to 
K\:^ Individualisni (p. 3). 
k3£ U、 r////* Scliishncss, 

as np|M..c«l l«» 他 I: 茶,; 山 mism q). i 一 

1^ ('/〃' shN\ Skill, ; h .[inre'l tlrxtci ily, 
slcijilit of lian'l, cxpertuc&s, etc. This 



term is broad in its use. incImJing the 

two following and all similar terms. 
柔術 Jo"i shu\ Art of wrestling, jujitsu. 
^{fjij C,iien、 shii^. Art of fencing, 
fiffjtl Chaji^ shu\ Strategy. 
心 I/sin^. An old ending to denote mental 

or moral qualities or emotions. New 

combinations constantly occur. 
决心 Chiie^ /"/"i. Determination, decision 

of character, firmness. 
漆 "4 心 //^^/* wang^ /isin\ Hope. 
1^ JeK Heat, now much used in fii;;irative 

sense for ardor. It is frc(|ucntly used 

after the words demUing the object ot the 

zeal, as in the two followiiii^. The third 

is oil a different pallcin. 
公债熟 chai} j》. Keen fnr pulilic luan. 

Cheng^ tang^ Je\ Filled with party 

spirit or zeal ; stronj^ly partisan. 
Jtj^ K'wang^ j€*. llot heailcd ; madness, 

i. c, wild zeal. 
制 (yt'i\ System, regulations, regime, or- 

!:; animation. 
?j?tM /V* Monetary system. 

― >i> ^位制 TW/tV "vv"//". Monomctal- 

ism. 

—院制 /3 ytit'fi^ i/u\ System of legislation 

hv niio iiouse. 
二院制 ,v/?^«* c/tt\ System of Icgisla- 

linii i)v two houses. 

制 AW* /v'-* System Cabinet 

rt -、 卜 ibil"v (C'ab'iKt formed by Premier. 

as in Un^jlan*!). 



132 



新名詞 



總統制 enng' chV. System of 
presidential responsibility (Cabinet ap- 
pointed by President, as in U. S) 

^rfjlj Fhi'ttr cird. School system. 

级制 Chr ch'i、. Grade, prefixed by ordinal 
minicial to indicate which grade. 

'K !|iIJ 八 cln\ Official system. 
HI. CJCa<f- liir. Current of public 

tliouj^Iit, trend of public opinion, as carried 
by tide; inllncnccd to thought or action 
by opinions of the masses •' tendency ,,. 

/i'.rjfl Sl^ ch、n(P\ Popular opinion (like 
above, but limited to thou^c;ht). 

JT; Ilei^ 7)tu^. Ways that are dark, hid- 
den works of darkness. 

內^ Nei^ mu、. Behind the scenes. 

WJrL Tu^ tanK To oppress. 

NoTK. This, like most figures now coming into 
popular use, has its roots in the past ;— from a line 
in the Shu Ch'iiig, 民墜 i^l^, "the people are fallen 
into mire ami coals." 

法螺 Fa、 ioTr, Braggadocio, to " blow 

one's own horn." 
Notr.. One of the meanings of ^ is Bu'Idhist, ― " so 
called from the first syllable of dharnia or law " 
(Williams). ^ is a conch. In the great lamasery 
at Poking one sees the conch blown by the priests 
in their service. 

魚肉 Vu' joH^. To take advantage of, 
NoTK. This is from an historical work, iin 铲人方 
刀 Aft ?i£ 巧魚肉 "The men of the present are the 
knife ai.J the pl^-ttcr; I am the lisli and the flesh." 
- (We would say, between the upper and the nether 
mill-stoncs). 

狗?, 7 I《(mM:(m\ Beastly, vile. Commonly 
used in combination, ii^^^'pj^.j. 

W<% 〃〃2. Ka-le-eycd. (Often used 
ill bad sense. In this slmisc it usually 
occurs in the phrase 象 te^)' ' 

洗 >C*、: 举面 HsP hsiii" kc' micn\ Thorou.i^ii 
reform (lit. to wash the heart and skin 
or scrape the face). 

IV. 政治 a!hg^ cln\ Politics. 

J5C Using- chc.'/o\ Executive, admin- 
istrative; to administer. 
軍,; Vf 府 a〃VV "PyVA WarOfiice; General 
Staff. 

鹽 J5CP;'£ Vien- cheng^ yuen^. Sail Bureau. 
督學 AO T"、 /isiie^ t '/ur. Department of 
Education (Provincial). 

V. 大總統 i'f 《待 Ta' /訓、 eunf /isiinn' 
〃〃/i hivciK Electoral College. 

立法院 Li^ /(i^ yiic//\ Legislature. 
參 义 Ts\ui^ t//i'tii^^ yih'〃、. Cuiincil of 
State, Political Cmnicil (iyi4). 



Lesson 45. 



三 等九极 'SW tht# ch"《、 chiK The three 

ranks and nine grades of officials, both 

civil and military. 

Note. In the civil service, tlie three ranks arc oi?!!, 
大 Aj, ami 士. In l)otli civil and military service, 
those three ranks are subdivided into 丄, 巾, and 少. 

國移卿 A" WOOL' wu^ chUfig^, Presidents of 
lioards, Cabinet Mininsters. 

次 J 《- 7YV cliafijy^. Second in control of 
Board (head being: 總 ). 

政' ^"堂 Cheng"^ shi^ tang-. Administration 
P 川 ildiiig. State Department. 
商部 Nuiig- shang^ fm、 Board of Agri- 
culture and Coninierce. ^ Made bv com- 
bining the 農林部 and the 工商部 •') 

^藏 PS Mci^f 《康, q:、 yii€n\ Territorial 
c3ffice ; Bureau of Mongolian and Thibetan 
Affairs. 

See similar terms in chapters 5 and 42. 

These were under a Board ; this is under 

the President. 
執移署 Y","' 、- ? r;/' shii^. Salt Bureau (un- 
der Hoard of Finance). 
难計院 Shen^ chi^ y\\en\ Board of Audit. 

齒水 利局 CJi'iicn^ kwocr shzvei^ h、 chir, 

Irn'i^ation Bureau. 
經-界 Ch"、s :〜 chid^ chir. Land iMeasure- 

mcnt Bureau, 
ft" 丈局 C/i、iwg、 chang^ chir. Sub-office of 

same for survey work. 

政 Pn: P' chaig'^ yi'icn^. Court for 

judging officials. 

P'ing" shi^. Judge of above court. 
^政! ife Sii^ chcug^ ting^, Censorate (under 

4i 攻院 )- 

ijiJ 义 -ill chcng^ s/ii^. Censors (former 

御 it). 

將 'guff Chiang^ ihiui^ fti^. Head office in 
Peking for control of Provincial 將私 
Headquarters of Field Marshals; Army 
Council. 

將車 ChitttigX chiui^ . Military Governor of 
Province (former 都督 ); Fidd Marshal. 

巡桉使 J^s.i'{fr afi^ s/u^. Civil governor of 
province (former 民政長 ). 

道尹 Tao、 yin\ Prefect of 道. 

XoTE. The division of a province into 府 has been 
set aside since the Revolution, and the Provincial 
Assembly established then is now also a thinir of 
the past. A province is now divided for adminis- 
trative purposes into 道 (counties or shires ; more 
or fewer according to size of province. The 
consists of a miniber of 餘 (tuwriships or districts). 
These are all ramiricalioii:> of tlie Provincial jjuvt'rn- 



Lesson 45. 



NHW TERMS 



133 



ment. There is now (December 1914) talk of sub- 
dividing the into sections ( |gi \ for purposes of 
self-government, four or six according to size of 
fH. These sections are to be again divided irito 
three grades or subsections, 甲 iij^jHf^:. 
治 Im. ch'i、 cliiV-. Self-governing 

sertion. 

財政勉 Ts^aP ch^ng^ t'ing^. Provincial 
Department of Finance. (This is partly 
under control of province, partly under 
the central Board of Finance in Peking.) 

政将應 Cht'iig^ tvu^ t、iHg\. Department 
of Administration. (Province and also 
county.) 

This, with the above and the 警?^ 媳 
in the following section, arc the three 
• departments of provincial government. 

MoTi:. This section ami some of the following are to 
be regarded rather as a record of current events 
than as dictioiiarv truth. Time will show. 
rliifJi S/i'i* chl'Hg^, Street regulations. 
NoTi;. This includes all public improvements, as 
drainage and wi<iening of street^, p.i ving, electric 
lighting, piiMic markets, aiu! parks, etc. In must 
places this is luidcr the Local Self Govern- 
mciu, but in Peking it is under the Board of the 
Interior. 

VI. 剛( Kwoa- k'u\ The Treasury. 

fj' KzvoS' yin\ The property of the 
slate ; government owned. 

()i C/iihr Sitfan^. Settlement of accounts ; 
final estimates, 

W'f^^W Ch'ican^ chia^ shwei^. Indirect tax- 
ation. 

NoTi". This tax, though levied on producer, ultimately 
comes out of the consumer, as wnman given in mar- 
riage is suI)se(|Ueiitly supported by husband. 

7","' t-f 議 少八 •' shwei\ 
Spfcial tax on wine, tobacco, and luxuries. 

Yien^ ch、 i、 s/nvi'i\ Tax on ex- 
aiiiiiiati(m of title deeds. 
W 'Y-^ 7"//- fsai'^ slnvei^. Butchery tax 
(Si tor cow, ?. 25 for S.20 for sheep). 
公 fft 人'〃 〃.i;i diai、 Public debt. 
公 fftl?*: 人〃〃 .V' Government 

統一? (?制 T' " " 纟 3 tn、 ihiy Umikati"" 

ol cu ncncy. 
irti TV /"I. Hollar. 

仙 Ilsit'H^. Cent (always llu* luuulredth 
K\\ a ili)ll;ir, w lialevcr may I'c the rate of 
t'xclian^c I )t' I wee 1 1 copper aiul silver). 

WWiM )V//- ihu- /〃'v/ * />V"(/. Postal 
m' mcv order. 

ffi 塔 力" 尸 Light-house. 



VH. 約法 J7"''/V\ Provisional Constitution. 

中分 Shv)i^ Mandates rec^ardiny 

laws. This and the three be I- are sub- 
divisions of llie 命分. 

吿令 Kad^ !" ig 、- Proclamations to the people. 

批 〈1^ 尸 V !"! g'. Rescripts, 

3i 令 Ts^ iiug\ Api^.ointmenls. i These 
are of four kinds, as below.) 

特任 r 幺、 jcn^. Special appointment by 
President, as heads of Boards. 

簡任 Chieti^ jen^. Appointed by selection 
by President from eligible candidates, 
as Vice-presidents ot LJi)ards, heads of 
Bureaux, Offices, etc. 

蓝任 Chien^ Appointed by recoin- 

niendation of superior tor subordinate 
positions in Boards, Offices, etc. These 
tliree methods of appointment are for the 
liigher oliicials. These are all signed l)y 
the President. 

委任 li 'ei^ j^n^. Appointment to coiiiiiion 
civil rank, made directly by superior uiVicial, 
and signed by him. 

%t. Tsi ^ch-tng\ \ Letter of resj^'natkm. 

奴見 Chiti^ ihieu^. To go in to an audience 
(used under Empire for aiulicix-e uf 
foreign ministers with Enipcror ; ami 
under Republican rule for audience uf 
officials with President )• 

通传 T、i",g\ kao^. Proclamation from 
a<lniinistrative body or oflice. 

,界 Cf" -"、 if chtt^. Conslahula rv. police 

,'移 SB Chhif diir fitii^y Head Police 
IJiiroau or Department, Province and 近. 

巡? f,,') //^/V;/^/////;>\ ////-. S I'"" "Lpait 
nicnt. lown or vi liaise. 

》 ?藝所 //.、/2 /•* soil \\'-M k Ii« »u<c ; peniten- 
tiary. 

VIII. hl(^^ S/iitfii^^ ihiiift^^\ Gciu'ial. 

i|' 將 (力〃 "A'l Lieut<fiiaiit Ciencral. 

少; 1^ .、'//'"" r/〃(〃"'i. Major ('loncral. 

上校 、力 ''〃j^* hsiito^. C*>K;iiel. 

iptJ ( /〃〃/,!; I hsiuo^. I ,i;.iitenanl-Coloncl. 

/J; Yt Major. 

上 W 、力 "〃丄 17>*. Captain. 

I'/V'. Lieutenant. 
少) S/itu>^ r"'. Si'c*nnl I joutonant. 
jE M cV/^//^* StMgeant. 



134 



新 名 n 



Lesson 45' 



F/i* w〃/*. Corporal. 
径 WlJ y 〃'佥 丄 /"、 Second in connnand of 
battalion. 

逝副 VivatP- fii^. Second in coiiiniand of 
reginieiit. 

Noit-: The above list was kindly furnished by the 
Royal Asiatic Society critic. The first nine consti- 
tute the :、'i^ 九 IS of military officials. 
參 ilXIS U Tsan^ mou^ (suug^ chang^. Chief 

of General Staff. 
總 分 Tsung^ sV' ling^. Commander-in- 
chief. 

司分宫 Si^ !i,ig、 kxvan^. Commander. 

中? C/iing^ ck^. LiglU cavalry. 

511^ f Fei、 hsi'jig^ twei^. Flying corps; 

corps of aviators. 

Cy"'i"、 /I. Army surgeon. 
兵 i'it Pifig^ Military service. 
•^j'j/ifijF, Ch'ang- pei、 . chiai^. Regular or 

standing army. 
5Jlirm'^' fisien、 pei、 c/iiht^. First term men. 
f^jini'^ Yi't^ pei、 chun^, > Trained soldiers, 
^jfffl'^. Fhil^ pei^ chi'in^. \ second term men. 
^l/ffi 隶 Hoii^ p€i、 chi'tn^. Reserves, 
^fi 允兵 Pti^ ch,Hwg^ ping\ Territorial forces. 

民車 Kzvoifi 7nvr chi'm^. Militia. 

Note. These terms are the ones used in the 柬中 A; 
辭典. This is a dictionary based on the Japanese 
military organization and tactics, now followf d in 
the Chinese army. Military service is of four orders, 
the regular army, the reserves, the territorial forces, 
and the militia. The first is subdivided as above, 
according to length of service. 

The reserves are those who have served both terms, 
but are subject to call on emergency. 
The number of men in China eligible for the army is 
theoretically 300,000. Only two- thirds of this number 
is iiecJetl, and they are chosen by lot. The remainder 
constitute the territorial forces. They may carry 011 
their usual employments, but four months each year 
must be spent in military drill, aiul when vacancies 
occur in the * 見 傲兵, men from the 補充兵 are chosen 
by lot to fill the place. 

Militia are of two kinds. The first is composed of 
後 ffSft who have already served a full term, and 
of \^]^^ who have already been called out. They 
corrcspcind roughly to the emergency militia or 
land wclir. The second class is composed of all 
t ligiblc men over 17 and under 40, wlio have never 
served in regular army, reserves, or first class of 
militia. If in emergency, after calling out the re- 
serves there are still not enough men, these may 
be called out. They correspond to the general levy 
or laiui-sturm. 

志願兵 Oi'l^ yuen* ping^. Volunteers. 
A. Chnn^ jifr, Military men. 
IX p,^ Chad" chi\ Call to arms. 

徴兵 Cheng^ ping^. To draft soldiers ; 
conscription. 



動 fK> TuH^^ yilen' l",g 卜 Order to mobilize. 

婦: ( 'hafi' fa\ Tactics. 

fr-T^ii'iih i!? Tw、 cha"、 chi^ hwa\ To make 

:i plan of campaign. 
武装 《ll4i 乂'' he- p、i"§^. Armed 

])eace. 

k'u'oa- fang^. National defences, 
i^ij^ J lad- iei\ Defences (moats or trenches 

and forts). 
巧 解 Yifi^' lei^. 〕 
甲 塔. Chan^ ieP. \ Fort. 

戰^ Chan^ ha(r. Trenches (for military 
purposes). 

^^- \% //iiir kou^. A trench, a moat. 

删" 罔 itang^- Wire entangle- 
ments. 

軍用 (Lu'i Chibi^ /7"3. Munitions of 

war, equipment. 

武; (-//,/■*• Anns, armament. 

實 "jlji S//r ta}i\ Cartridges (not blank). 

ISS* /("/*. Shrapnel, shell (pome- 

granate shot). 

測遠 Mi T,sg、 yuen^ ching^. Range-finder. 

tl^tr^fik K'wai^ f,"、 fao\ Quick firers. 

遠 4l "砲 } 'uen^she^faJ^. Long distance guns. 

Igjrjfjj^ Liir tan^ fao^. Howitzer. 

法鈾" IW 翁 kwoa- chi^ kwan^ cJiiaiigK 
Mitrailleuse. 

英 國機關 ift Y!"g、 kzvoS' chi^ kwan^ cViang^. 
Maxim. 

^tji Ti^ chia^ ch、i、 cVe\ Armored 

nit)tor. 

iFf 水艇 Ch'ien- shzvei^ Submarine. 
PilsC CVr"2 Destroyer. 
戰 (7 扁 4 /〜" 〃〃v,"4 Battle-ship. 
無 K: 艦 //-/r 謂 4 c//iefi\ 

{ sometimes also transliterated). 
水雷艇 Slizoei^ lev- Cing^, Mine-layer. 
交戰國 Chiao^ c,ian、 kwoSK Belligerents 

(iKitions). 

非 戰鬭员 Fei\ chan、 /o!, yue^i'\ Non- 
combatants (individuals). 

戒嚴 yien\ Martial law. (The 軍 ife 
of Chapter IX applies to the army ; this 
to whole districts.) 

It 吿戒厳 Ilsiien^ kad^ chie" yienK To 
proclaim martial law. 

解厳 Chie^ yien-. Ab''lition of martial law. 

^軍戰 i 也 Ti' chupi" chan^ ii\ Firing line. 



Dreadnought 



Lesson 45. 



NEW TERMS 



13S 



W^x Chan' cJC\i\ ) VVar-7oiic 

4JiiE^it!l Krn^ chii^ li\ Military base; base 

of operations. 
耍' 舆 Vao' sai\ ) Strategic point 

探悉敵 7、,(inA hsi^ ir cfiuig'K To recon- 
noitre. 

Sli(^^ c/tiK To fire a gun or cannon. 
4; [; ! ij^ Hnng^ cJd、 Cannonading, fusillade, 
etc., according" to words used in conibiiia- 
tion. 

炸!^ C/m、 c/n'\ Explosion ; blown up. 
Ul^iS C/iiie^ ti^ iao^. To sap or mine. 
^5* ijjj Ifivoa' i"f!g\ Movements, as of 

li < tops. 

敵 53 a-^/- ti' Flanking move- 
ment. 

Fii?i^ chi\ Counter-attack. 
S'i 港 SoCv' chiixng-K To blockade, 
jilffte Saa^ hai^. To destroy marine mines. 
\\\ ft/ K'oti^ 〃"2. To sequestrate, to intern, 

to confiscate. 
拘 frt Chii^ liir. To intern ; to detain persons 

or vessels for examination. 
卸 去武装 Hsie^ dii'i^ wu^ chivang^. To 

disarm. 

f?;.Jjf Fir /〃3. Prisoners of war. 

交換 魔 Chiao^ hwajt^ fir lu\ Exchange 

of prisoners. 
勝利 Shhtg、 Victory (not confined to 

military operations). 
撫 ji|S ^ /isii、 c/iiH^. Pension to survivors. 
! fUfQ (Jii'm^ /,'3. Military salute, 
ff; 號 Ilsin^ hao\ Signals (also general in 

use). 

'jK 敎 Tsung^ chiao^ shing^ chan^. Holy 
war. 

X 法 /"3. Civil law. 

|ftj''?J:- Sha》ig\ fii、. Commercial law. 

lit /、'■(〃 i t*ing-. To try a case. 
\ f )fl]lii Using- ch'anf. Execution 

ground. 

XI Ifsit^s/iiiNgH-zvoS-. Allied powers. 
^^]^ / fNi^ng' kivoa-. iMitenle 

攻守 shoit^ /'〃〃 乂' 2 wt^ng^. Of- 
"'"、i、t; nn<i tie fcnsivc alliance. 

交 i.'t ( '/〃'"('' -v//('*. Mutual relation-; (,卜 "ally 
iiitcriKiliunal alYiiir^) : case or iiniuirv 
involving the above ; to negociatc. 



斷 *gWH 係 7、 應 A chiie^ kzva?i^ h"、. To 
Ijreak off relations. 

Mi\^ Ai 、- 《i、me!3""n、 s/iu\ \ ^ 



'V^? 約 j//* Secret treaty. 

tJli)^ }'/'//'* Extradition. 

"S^k* 害乙" "2 p'i^shuK Blue Book. (Other 

terms on same pattern, as White Hook.) 
;了; 威 ShT tvei^. To make a demonstration, 

naval or military. 

XII. 腺 IIsien\ Gland papan). 
^fejtTKfS Hai^ shwei^ yii^. Sea bathing. 
f^^^fA) Sh^n- ching^ pi"g\ Nervous dis- 
orders. 

急性 Chi' hsi"g、 Acute. 
性 Man^ hsitig^. Chronic. 

W 結核 Fei< chie^ hf\ Pulmonary con- 
sumption. 

虎列拉 Hu、 lie^ la}. Cholera (sound ap- 
propriate in Japan, whence it comes). 

加答^ /"2 Catarrh. 

菜扶斯 a"、 fti~ si^. Typhus (a newspaper 
ten", also imported from Japan). Some- 
times 臈 is prefixed to this. 

碟紅熟 //、/〃,《1 hung- ji^. Scarlet fever. 

XIII. X It foil A'//«c* cfChig' sh"i\ Overseer. 
庶移线 Shu^ zvu^ yiu'tr. Business manager, 
fflil 存 1 Shang^ Cwan-, Mercantile guards. 

( An association of business firms in any 
district for muttial protection against 
looting, etc., each firm furnishing mcti 
or money.) 
愤格 Chia、 ke'. Market quotations; prices 
current. 

儲,, 《3Rtf Cfiii^ hsil^ yur hang-. Savings 
liank. ' 

范芬交 所 Oi^Hg^ ch'i"'"、 d"ao、 soS^. 
St'tck l\xcliange. 

mUW^ T('"S、 s,ia"g、 //'"''• Regis- 
tered L>r cupyrigliteil trade mark. 

milt tst-\ Incorporated as business 

linn with Board of Agriculture aaJ Com- 
merce. 

^1 fi. AV Certificate of stock. 

C/iai^ ih'iicn^. Boiul. 
^ sC\ To rise in value or 

quality. 

^iJrrt'^'.i'SfiiiE fZ〃〃i M、 jV*. Financial 

blrin^ciu'v (lit. ni< tney stt'ppcil up aiiJ 



136 



新 名 詞 



LT2SS0N 45 



M -4: ^ Stre/' s//'r ch'i^ k^wati^, \ ' 

rent account. 
定期 Tifig" ch'r is lift- kwafv". Fixed 

deposit. 
收摅 S;")"、 chii\ Receipt 
存根 Ts,uni khi\ Stub. 

XV. 黨網 Tajig" kang\ Platform of party. 
政; 黨 Cheng^fir tatig^. Governnu'iit parly. 
反對: 镇 iwei^ iang^. The Opposition. 

Lwan^ tang^. Anarchists. 
/4"Sii^^ HsU} wir iang^. Nihilists. 

XVI. p^'tvfl^ " sm^ jl' cJiing-, Docket. 
建 (^案 Chien^ an^. To propose or bring 

forward a bill. 
附議者 Fu' I'jhoaK The seconder. 

Ch、 hr. First reading of a bill. 

(Other terms made on same pattern. ) 
審査 Ski" & did^. To investigate a question. 
同意 T'ung- 2.4. To confirm (as a vote of 

one house passing on bill brought forward 

by other house). 
决' /i; Chi'itr iing\ Decided, determined. 
公選 ksilen^. Publicly elected. 

XVII. 惜畜, Hsi" ch,u"iwei\ Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 

XVIII. 家妊 C/"'a、 Cing'. The home. 
家:^ -4; 義 Chia、 tsii' c/iii^ i\ Regard for 

family ; claniiishness. 

同文同 f'F- T'lDig' tveir fnn^ chtaig^. Same 
speech and race. 

Pt5 級 C/iit'^ ckP\ Caste, grade ; graded. 

-hi5fc;Pi:'B' A Sha"g、 liir sh^ hwei《 jin\ 
A gentleman or lady. 

部苓 /V loa\ Tribes. 

?f ii^ Vie} uiiDr, Uncivilizetl. barbarous. 

'^-^ Jhxi^ ch'ufr. Harmful to society ; a 
public nuisance. 

衣 食仆: 7' shr c/iu\ Necessities of life. 

失 業之人 f//" /VVA The unem- 
ployed. 

成年 C/i^ng^ niefr. Adult age. 

XIX. 天職 T"en\ chiK Calling, heaven- 
appi>iiite(l office, duty. 

天 權 '厂、 ie"\ /"■* jen- ciiiienK Innate 
rii^hts. natural prerogatives. 

人格 J"i: ManhuoJ. 

不义德 'SV^ '- Private virtue. 

自-騭 JYi、 thutig\ Self-respect 

Qfa A、.》'"* Z/.v/〃4. Cunfulcnce, but not neces- 
sarily self-confidence. 



t\ FiLS*i^ T'-v/* yiii- t* c/n*. Freedom of 
belief. 

^ Ts7* c/iUf'~ Consciousness. 

NoTK. The wording would lead one to suppose that 
it was limited to sel f-consciousncss ; but that this is 
not the case is shown bv the following pdssa^c from 
an e<!itorial. :&如使人^ <11*1治之自^«心. 

狀態 Chwaug^ /V/A Air, manner, appear- 
ance. 

\^:Wm^ Sh'i、 ch"A ch'^ s/n\ Worldly 

wisdom ; wide experience. 
俗識 、〃2 s/iih^. Coninion sense. 

XX. 多) ji 中敎 7(?d' s/iefr chiao\ Polytheism. 
liSff§^ 辦符 //ni* hsing^ wei^ pan^ hwe". 
Continuation Committee (of Edinburgh 
Conference). 

敎 It Citing^ chiao^ fir, Puritans. 
大英 敎會 ra、 v/",《i chiad^ hwei\ Church 

Missionary Society. 
安立 廿待 力' 1 "A Zw/i hwei\ Anglican 

Mission. 

自 立敎 1^ Tn^ li、 chiao^ hwei、 Independent 
Church. 

XXr. 敎藏 Chiao^ !i\ Ordinances or rites 

of relii^iun. 
敎主 Chiao^ chu\ Founder of a religion 

(as Moliammed). 
平信徒 /'?r. A layman. (平 

for 平'/ iV.) 

XXII. 規 Kwei^ ch'3ng\ Regulations. 
XT 育 MeP yii\ Culture. 

T'ung^ hsuc'. Day-school instruction. 
修;^ Ilsiu^ yie\ To study (in an institution). 
赛院 Meng- ycifig^ yuen^. Kindergarten. 

XoTK. There seems to be uncertainty as to whether 
this or the character (see Les. XXi I) should 
be used ― the one tDilowing the Chinese analogy in 
similar terms ; tliL' other translating the German 
term. 

天卞校 厶 f if、"\ /isi'te^ /isiao*. Open air 
schuul. 

Note. This has no analogy in western countries ; but 
something like it formerly existed, in the iratheriiig 
of the masses tf> hear I be reading of the '^IJift^litl- 
Since the introduction of western learning, these 
roadsiiK' schools were established for the ii)structio(i 
of the Illiterate masses ; and now the thint; is being 
iiitrodiKX'd into sonic parts of China for tho benefit 
of those past school age. 

航' 4? 巧; 校 Hti"g 丄 /、'、,"! g \ /isi'ie- hsiaiA School 

of Air-craft or Aviation. 
辩 J^jig !、 /isiit'- /isiao^. Medical College. 
; p^^j-^ S/i^H' hsile- Theological 

Seminary. 



乙 gssorr 45- 



NEW TERMS 



137 



母校 '仏 3 hsiao^. Alma mater. 
校夕 |»科 Hsiao^ wai^ 力 V. Correspondence 
course. 

XXIII. 經', Chiug' cJiimg' f€i\ Current 
or running expenses. 

年假 Nieir chia、、 New Year vacation. 

CfiHH^ chia、. Spring or Easter 
vacation. 

暑假 5々〃3 ckia、. Summer vacation. 

3p. I* Shou^ kung^. Manual training. 

Shu^ hsiie'. Mathematics. (This is 
coming into use as the broader term, 
leaving 算-學 or 算術 for Arithmetic.) 

細胞 //> P'ao\ { p ,j 

生珠 She" 矿 chti\ \ s' 

元乂; - Y'neii^ s!,. Original elements. 
Ma^ //'*. Horse power. 

X tiva,!g\ X rays. (Sometimes 線 

is added.) 

H 驗 Shr yien^. Demonstration, experiment, 

experience; to experiment. 
化驗 Hwa^ rien^. To analyze. 

XXIV. 活用 Hwoa^ yitng^. Conjugation of 
verbs. 

\^ Y\ P, !"、 Spelling; to spell. 

音 }^7"i s"4. Elementary vocal sound, 
power of letter. 

i^?,F,3 /^V〃i ",i 丄. Part of speech. 

名,, ,ij Ming' is''f. Noun, a term. 

動,, 'ii T";ig、 "、f-. Verb. (This and the 
above are popular rather than scien- 
tific.) 

定翁 ; A scientific definition, true 

meaning; to define. 
意義 /*. Meaning, signification. 
R^iiImJ Tcti、 miug' ts、'f -、 Synonym. 
" 一' Paraphrase. 

rCt'viC. This, and the term below, though referring 
to [i^ok translation, may apply to tcrm-makiiif?. In 
the *i!utioM of a new term, unless imported ready- 
mad<* 't'roni Japan, it often has to pass through this 
paraphrase or definition stage before crystalli/iiig 
into a two, three, or fuur character term. Sec the 
two terms for Taube, section XXV】 1. 

[fl!i5? C 力 r Literal translation. (Usually 
used in translating foreign terms, and 
sometimes for proper tioiiiis, as names of 
periotlicnls ; for instance ^Act^ftl- "The 
Continent." Sometimes the translation of 
terms is too slavishly literal, as the t* >l- 
lowiiig from a Peking daily ; 
for " muialc " of an army.) 



還昔 Hwan^ yni\ Transliteration, as 達 

^fi^ lf.)^i^ f'->i" (luin-fluin bullet. 
Note. Sometimes this leads to confusion, as when 
those originally translating the Bible in the south 
used 士 for n], to represent tlie soiiiul of s. Trans- 
literated terms imported from Japan arc still further 
off, as KPi for gas, Ifl^h soila water. J^hfl tone 
glasses. (»■£ is read H made in China it 

would be 托, which is read To characterize 

sucli terms, one should invent a term equally inappro- 
priate and off color, and call ihcm Japanned- Anglo- 
China terms. 

口譯 K、ou》 t'\ Oral translation to scribe; 
to construe as at school. 
XXV. 

Note. A new departure in printing deserves notice, 
and might well be followed in scientific books pre- 
pared by foreigners. It is the setling off by distinctive 
dots at the side, of a technical term which is more 
or less fully defined ; so that the eye catches Jt at 
a glance in turning the pages, 
n 報 Ji" pad". Daily paper. 
^4 調 Lun~ tiad^. Sentiment or platform of 
paper. 

谷 國新間 K 泠 kwoW' hsin^ whf^. Foreign 
news. 

專電 Chwan^ iienS Special telegram. 
德華 hita^ Ostasiatische Lloyd 

telegram. 

投稿 T ou〗 kao\ A contributed article. 
訪 A Fa"gs yiif,t\ Reporter. 
Tcng^ cJin\ To publish. 

f^W5[ T、 htgi pcin\ To suspend publication. 

停刊 T'ing^ k'an^. The same. (Used of 
monthly publications. Last character 
iix:aiis to engrave blocks for printing.) 

禁 1 卜 出 版 Chin^ ch? ch,"、 pan\ To suppress 
publication. 

禁 t 力' tfc C7〃V chwan^ (sai*. Rights reserved 
(of republication). 

新 |1B 招卜 节處 //j/V 7i'in- (hao^ tai^ r 力'" 
Reporters* gallery. 

第 一… 次出版 7V* …… is'i' din' pau\ The 
til edition. 

汲 iS FSng^ hwa^* Caricatures (first char- 
acter meaning to satirize). 

iiijiff A"*5* ioa' pan^. Chroma 

三& *^ iSV"/i pivi\ The same : the three 

"'colors of course being the three primary 
colors, combining to make others. 

銷版 A'"";" Steel engraving. 

XXVI. 公 f?lj h'""g\ //*. General principle. 

推', i ^wet^ Dcdvicliuii. 

itiflr /^'^ Arginnent from analogy 



138 



新名詞 



Lesson 45- 



唯?! 喻 Wei^ Rationalism (in 

Philosophy, not Religion). 
成翁 Kzvang^ 2*. Wide interpretation or 

nucining, generic. 
狭義 Hsid' i*. Restricted meaning, specific. 
Chie、 shiVoa\ Delimitation. 

XXVII. |i^f 匕 /m'a*. European civiliza- 
tion. 

紀念碑 CV〃* nien* peiV Commemorative 

monument. 
樂隊 Vne^ twei^. Band of musicians. 

尸, P J 力 P ; Music box. 
欽 ISi^ 片 T'an^ hwa、 ying^ p'ien^. Kinet- 

ophone. 
馬戯 J/rt3 hsi、 Circus. 
柔秋 體操 juan^ tsad". Free-hand 

gymnastics ; physical drill or exercises. 
? SWllftf^- Ch、i、 hh? t'i^ ts'ao\ Gymnastics 

with apparatus. 
跳遠 '!、、 yilen^ Long or broad jump. 
跳高 Tiao^ 乂 W. High jump. 
『$礙 物躲走 Change ni^ wu、 chiug^ isoiv". 

Obstacle race. 
接力 3y 跑 Chie^ li* sai* p'ao\ Relay race. 

ChV- t、ieA ch'iir. Shot-put. 
足球 Tsu^ ch、iu\ Football. 
球房 C》,/"2 fang-. Billiard hall. 
&球 Fan^ ch'itiK Billiards. 
州,;4% Ti4 cVxu^ h^. Nine-pins. 
^Jllli riad^ shingK Jumping or skipping 

rope. 

風景 Feng^ ching^ hwa\ Landscapes 

(Japanese term). 
水翁 S Shwei^ ts'ai^ hwa^. Water-color 

painting. 

毛筆盖 Mao^ //3 /[脚 4, Painting with the 
brush. 

紛筆蜜 Ch'ten^ pi} hwa、. Pencil drawing. 

銷擎 A^jw^i pi、 /m'a\ Pen and ink 
sketch, etching. 

自在甚 TTi〜 (sai^ hwa*. Free-hand draw- 
ing. 

幾何^ C/〃'3 hf hwa\ Drawing to scale. 
用 ifS il Yung^ cJi i^ hiva\ Mechanical 
drawing. 

XXVIII. 海底' Hai^ den' hsien\ 
Submarine cable. 

加印 郵票 Chia} yin^ yiir p'iao\ Sur- 
charged stamps. 

無線 'itin 〃'"2 tien"(u、 Wireless 

installation, radio-telegraph station. 



• Monoplane. 



Arc light. 



行 i 气球 77^3* hsing^ dii^ ch、iu\ Dirigible 

balloon. 

徐伯休 飛*5(船> Ihu'-pocr-inr fci' i'htg' or 

ch\ca>r. Zeppelin airship. 
WMtm Tan' tseng"^ fei' ' 

力 

單 SI 式 飛行, Tan' yie' shi' 
雙, 飛挺 Shxvang^ is'i„g- 
^%ktk\m F"* vie* s/n* feO f "'P'ane. 

S/iUuifig' t* fei' /'〃/《'. 1 
U^'^^WM Par- ke' hsatg' \ Taubc. 

fei、 hsiug- chi、, J 
航路圆 /7? /V. Nautical chart. 
M^^^ sh? choa^. Pilot, navigator. 

弧光 '15 kwnug^ teng\ 

炭精^ 丁、""、 ieNg\ 
探 A'rliJ 燈 raw* c/iwn* "e"4 Ung^. Electric 
torch. 

懷中' ili 燈 Htvai'^ chufig^ tien^ tcng^. Flash 
light. (Pocket electric light, the pocket of 
a Chinese garment being on the breast.) 
J*l 車 Ch、i、 ch'^\ Steam cars. 
Note This term is used with this meaning only in 
newspapers and books. In popular use it means auto- 
mobile (p. 74). 

列車 Lie、 fA',. Train of cars. 

機!^ 車 CV〃 i kwcnj} ch Locomotive engine. 

寢車 Cliin^ Sleeping car. 

j^j^ Ma^ Paved road for carriages 

and cars; and generally, a main road. 
便道 Pie "4 iao^. Side road for carts and 

wheel-barrows. 
入 行便道 hsing^ pien^ tc(o、, Side-walk 

for foot-passengers. 
旅 if /Ji^ hsi"g、\ To travel for pleasure, 

to make a tour. 、 
XXIX. 舶來品 (物) Poci^ /"/2 //„3 Ip' -vu'). 

Foreign things. (First character . means 

a ship.) 

升降機 S/iCftg' ihiapig^ chi\ Elevator, lift, 
^[[y^ Lung^- Coir, Hydrant. 
Chili" ching\ Alcohol. 
Xwafr' Iir. Radiator, as for water 
'.»r steam heating. 

Ilshfi^^ chung^. Alarm clock. 
* 鍵 JV;/' c/iien*. Key of piano. ( Last 

character may also be used alone.) 
孔明燈 A^'""》3 ,n"tg'i ang\ Bull's eye 
lantern. 



'liSSOK '45. 



NEW TERMS 



139 



fli? 墨牀 C"》'? "wW cKwang^, Blotter. 

版 T、 hii^ hsieA pan\ Manifolding 

process, as cyclostyle, ncostyle, etc. 

送信簿 Stiug^ hsin、 pu《. Chit-book. 

H Id'^ J'i、 chi、 pu、 Journal, diary. 

#i ^球兒 IVei* shelfig' r/,,/"2 ir\ ) Naptha- 

避 «^ 球 5a Pi^ win"- cKiii^ \ line balls. 

海 糸!)5 HaP mien\ Sponge. 

Pien^ ? vu*. Crochet work ; to crochet. 

f^ff KoiC^ chen^. Crochet needle- 

術生針 WeV^ sheng^ ckeuK Safety pin. 

^IntE f<nng^ ht- hwa}. Bow for the hair. 

So called because it came into style for Chinese 
young ladies at time of revolution, 

項巾 Hsiang、 chin、 Tippet, scarf. 

mmfS. Ch'wat^ 力" 2 lu\ ) 

手报子 ShouA cKwai" is?. [ Muff. 

XXX. 協商 Hsie^ ska,tg、 To consult together. 

XXXI. 維新 lVei""in、 New, novel ; reform. 
萬能 ^(in^ neng^. All-powerful. 
有力之 YtH^ li^ ch'i>. Powerful, strong, used 

often figuratively, as of government. 

屮淹 Chung^ liir. Average. 

試; Sh'i^ hsing^. Tentative, experimental. 

WiM> Man^ R Satisfied, satisfactory* 

正當 Ching^ tattg^. Proper, seemly, fitting. 

健 Chien^ kang^. Robust, strong, vig- 
orous. 

Note. Formerly the order was reversed, and the 
term was used with reference to superiors, as son 
speaking of father. In this present form its use is 
unrestricted as to age, but is not used of inanimate 
objects. 

無效 JV!(2 hsiao^. Fruitless, unsuccessful, 

of no validity or effect. 
5ii f Hsien^ hsi"g\ Temporary, for the 

time being. 
金 $g Chin、 t-k,ien\ Pecuniary. (Translated 

thus when used as adjective, as 金錢 jJIfiEft 

pecuniary agencies.) 

XXXII. ill! 元 Chi、 yiienK An era. 
新紀元 〃〃力 I Chi' yiletr. ) ^ 

新; R) Hsin' \ A "ew era. 

C7/;'. A century. (This was formerly 
used for year, but n(>、v used like the 
word 遇 after a numeral to ilcsi^nalc a 
particular century.) 

Note. A new thing appears in the printing of the 
year date, the characters dcnotiiiK tlic iminbcrs bciiiR 
printed owe uiulcrncatli aiiotlior. aiul tlu* vipIitT Ihmiik 
expressed like tlic parayraph mark, liv a lull liicif 
•Thus J 904 appears as —九 O 四 printed vertically. 



擔錢 Tan、 fu\ Burdens. (Used metaphori- 
cally, sometimes the order is reversed.) 

功 JH yu,!j^\ Utility, function. 

手段 Shoua iwan\ Methods. 

fr/f: Ch!ing^ Asii*. Method, order of ex- 
ercises. 

'M JjU^ k TuHg\fang^ ping'ft^^^ The Sick 
Alan of the East. (A term borrowed from 
the designation of Turkey, and applied lo 
China.) / 
老 大病夫 ta、 f>i"g、 fu、 China. 
NoTK. I'ormerly pessimists used to speak of 考大帝 W 
or )j ^"1 k . When the Republic came in, the 
former term was inappropriate, so now ihe two 
are combined. 

最新 小 國 Tswei* hsin^ chung^-kwoa^. New 
China. 

flj: 國 il/"3 kwoS?. The mother country. 

Note, It is interesting to note the change of view- 
point by comparing this term with the 祖國 of chapter 

XIV. > 

新大陸 Hst'n、 ta、 1"、 The new continent, 
i.e. America. 

近柬 Chin^ tung^. The near East, i.e. the 
Balkans, Turkey, etc., the Orient being 
divided into the 近柬 and the 遠柬. It 
is noteworthy to see how China follows 
the western nomenclature, even calling 
herself the 遠東. This arises from 
tianslating telegrams, etc. 

泰柬 厂"〃 Japan. 

比 /V:!. Belgium. (比 利時) 

土 ru\ Turkey. (土 耳其) 

希 Hsi\ Greece. (希瞰 ) 

or 們 ,1〃'"2, Montenegro. ( 『'j 的內 rjfS) 
Sometimes translated. % \\\^^- 

% Sai\ Servia. (^^?»«賴亞> 
/V, Bul^iaria. (布加 里亞) 

at Chr, Chihli. (iff J*) 

越 Yiic'. Chekiang. (浙 江) 

楚 C7/,/A Hupci- (湖北 ) 

( Xotc also change in romainzation. the two characters 

coml)iiiuip into one in names of places.) 

l{i S/""t、 Shanghai. 

XXXIII. A'rtw" c/t,oi* or ch ti\ Moved 

in an painlul way, as to sorrow, compas- 
siun. Mv^^\\ etc. (original meaning of 觸 
to bull). 

交通 Chiiio^ fung^. Intercommunication , 
' tiuiminion. 

ilh ^ IW ff? f'"'," ""、 h"、 Direct 
coii.icciiuu; close succession. 



140 



Vr ^ 



Lesson 45. 



崇拜 Ch,!"igi pai、 To adore, admire or 

reverence. 

同十 lil T*"ng^ ch,"ig\ Sympathy, fellow- 
feeling. 

交 換意見 C hino、 hxvan^ i*^ chicn\ Inter- 

cliani^e of views. 
答 TV A reply. 

:XXIV. 疫祝 Ch 、!" g、 rhu^ hwei、. A 
celobratiun. 

, Chi、 Memorial day. 

r',mmemoration Day. 
國 J35 1 1 woa~ c/ihtg^ji*. National anniver- 
sary. 

力 I, 冤 C/tia^ "〃>"3. Coronation. 
|1t1 B'nP] fC'ai^ hwei^ is'V-, Opening address 
答 i"'J ^iv is'V-. Response, as to congratula- 
tory a^idress. 

S3 Hsiin、 ls;P. \ Moral teaching, the 

moral, practical advice. 

祭文 C///* ar//-. Ele^y pronnunced at 
funeral or memorial day, ami afterwards 
burned, as at worship of Confucius. 

儀式 /2 s/f'i*. Ceremony, ritual. 

婚職 H!m、 n\ Wedding. 

去! iS Ch"、 hun^. Master of ceremonies at 
wedding; if Christian, officiating clergy- 
man. 

結 ((S^ 書 Chie" hiin' ching' s/iuK 
释 //",!、 cheng\ 

ria^e certificate. 
新! 旅行 Hsin^ hun' hsing". Wedding 

tour. 

祭服 Chi、 f"\ Sacrificial robes. 

Note. These sacrificial robes are only used in per- 
forming state ceremonial worship. The robe of the 
president bears twelve circles, each containing twelve 
objects. These twelve are tlie 十 二-搴 .illutled to in 
the Shu ChiiiR as decorating the robes of the ancient 
emperors when worshipping Heaven. At that time 
(perhaps as early as the Yellow Emperor) six were 
painted on the upper garment, and six enibroitlercfl on 
the lower. These now arc all on the upper garment, 
but the objects in the circles are the same, viz:— 
B, 月. 星辰, 山, 隨, 華 t& (oniamenta! creature, t e. 
pheasant). ( i-. a sacrificial cup, tsuiig* i^. cup for 
libations to ancestors,— there were two of these, otic 
bearing the figure of a tiger, t.'e other a nioiike\') ? 5f 
(tsao\ aquatic grass), 火, 粉米, SKfiT), white and 'blatk 
ill stripes ; also from similarity of sound, or from its 
white handle and black head, an ax. svmbalizing to 
divide, to discern), 触 fu-, black and' blue stripes 
This character was changed for ornamental purposes 
into 《S, typifying what is divided, a» if cleft apart. 
On the prcsi.ieiit's rol)e, til is last cliaracter appears in 
"»e miil«lle of the circle. At either side is a dragon, 
on« with head at top. the other below. Above, on 



Mar- 



either hand are sun ajid moon, with stars between. 
Opposite the stars, at the bottom, is a mountain. On 
right and left of middle arc the a\ and the two 
lib.ition cups. The pheasant, aquatic grass* flames, 
ami rice occupy spaces between. The circles on the 
robes of the attcn'lnnt officials indicate their rank, 
the ttff; or specially appoint :(1, bearing nine circles ; 
the fifl fo. or appoitUcH I)y selection, seven circles ; 
the fSfff, or those appoititcd by recommendation, five 
circles ; the ^ft or those appointed by ministers, 
three circles Tbus the newest copies the oldest. 
The sacrificial music of each (lyiiasty hears a Hifferent 
name The nuisic used imw in worshipping Heaven 
is CHllcfl fli. from the Republic. 

祭冠 Cht* kzcan\ \ bacnhcial Hat. 
入水式 skivei^ shi^. Ceremony of ship- 



XXXV. , ■ /V t-k,Ur,r. Tyranny. 

trS? '厂" 3 thiX. To injure ( a cause or plan, 

"ot a person) ; to put down, an injury. 
PS 礙 Chang^ Obstacle, obstruction 

'/El A. /',"2. Rowdies. 

P《";gip 、! "0、' \ To seize for 

IS W 祌 C/""gS is'ni' shin\ \ 10 seize lor 

ransom, to demand ransom, to kidnap. 

XXXVI. '志願 Chi^ yiirn^. Ideals, ambition. 
比 //■*. Ratio, a parallel case. 
正比 f9!l ChSn^* />P ii\ In direct ratio. 
反比 fi^ Fcin、 pi^ 〃*• In inverse ratio. 
Note The fact that tlicse three terms are now 
introduced as common newspaper language shows 
that the nation has got beyond Ihe "four rules" in 
Arithm t'c. 

異點 74 ti€,C\ Point of contrast, difference, 
j "^由 C hi、 ytit^. Regime. 
方針 Fafig^ c/ien\ Policy. 

XXXVII. IS 願 CZ!, ―、 ynirn'. To petition. 
^PI] ChV zi'en^. To inquire, to investigate, 

to interrogate. 

審定 Sfiifv^ t"、s\ To pass upon, to au- 
thorize, as publication of a book. 

出 fl Ch、"、 fa}. To start on an expedition 
or enterprise. (Differs from 發出 as 
starting forth differs from sending forth, 
― active and passive.) 

公開 Knug^ k'at\ To make public, to 
throw open to the public, as the sessions 
of law court. 

抵%力 k,n"g、 h、. Power of resistance. 

XXXVIII. 碎張 fCw 。& chang\ To expand, 
to amplify, to enlarge upon. 

漸進 Chifu^ ch"A Gradual progress. 
iilU C/vV" ch^u^. To advance, to gain 
gruuiid. 



NEW TERMS 141 



Lesson 45. 



XXXIX. 指定 C/〃:3 (ing\ To designate, as 
a man for an office. 
採用 7V"/3 y"" 泸. To select. 
發揮 /vz* /iw"、 To manifest. 

C/t,"s c/i'i*. To manage, to deal with. 
處分 C/iV To manage or settle an 

affair, to discipline an official, as by degra- 
dation. 

XL. 佈吿 /V kao\ A proclamation, to pro- 
claim. • 

獎資 Chiang^ ts'i^. Bounty, award, reward, 
prize (in money). 

年" Nien' Annuity. 

說 njj Shwoa} mitig'K Explanation. 

偉八 lVei\jhr. Hero, great man. 

志: t C//"?* shT. Men of purpose or character. 

危機 Wei^ ihi^. Crisis, danger point. 

狀 i)£ Clnvaug^ k'wang^. Look of affairs, 
state of circumstances. 

後 ynen-. Backing. 

ft ^Uf riffi- cfCuen-. Voice (in public 
or national matters); light of free spi^ecli. 



主張 C ku、 chang^. Proposals. 

il 出 Ti} f//V. Proposals, demands (used 

of points brought forward by Japan) ; to 

bring forward. 
XLI. ,由 行動 7\y54>/zw2 々卜 /"w《4 Liberty 

of action. 

不自山 IK 5? 死 Zjii* yttr wti^ ning、 j'i'. 

" Give nic liberty or give me death/' 
人頭股 A,〃*^ ZW*^ ku\ Per capita. 
白 Pai^ cJiien^ tseiK \ 
''biS^JW* Hsiao^ 〃"3 <2. ( Pickpockets. 

(in speech li". ) 
Note. These two are Pekinese. The third character 
is often omitted. The term below is used on the 
Vangtsc. 

Pa、 shou\ Pickpockets. 
fW»^f— 1 錢 shefi' pai- cliien'. \ p 
嚴防 扒丁- fang' pa" shoti\ S 

of pickpockets. 
不准! ^貼 Pu、 chioi^ chao" fie^. Post no 

bills. 

生活 f2- 度 Skhig^ hwoor ch'ini£- iu^ Scale 
ui living 



APPENDIX. 



• ? Cs was noticed in the preface to 
1ROtC0 the first edition, a small tentative 
list of new terms was sent out for 
criticism, and a few of those to whom the 
list was sent, responded with criticisms. But 
after that, no critic's eye passed upon the 
work till the whole thing ap|)carecl in book 
form, when the public were invited to criticise. 
Criticisms have been received from Rev. A. H. 
Smith, D.D., J. W. I. in Chinese Recorder^ 
The Peking Gazette^ The Celestial Empire^ 
and The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 
To all of these thanks are due, especially to the 
last mentioned critic, who in addition kindly 
furnished at request a very full and helpful 
list of amendments. 

Where translations of terms were at fault, 
the change could often be made, but if in 
translation of illustrations, it was usually 
impossible to change the stereoplate ; hence 
these notes. Dr. Smith also called attention 



to the fact that many terms were anticipated 

in illustrations, without having reference to 
the chapter where the word was defined. A* 
canvass for those revealed the fact that many 
were not defined at all. Hence Lesson 45, 
which formed a nucleus around which other 
new terms could gather. To give these cross- 
references and amendments, this Appendix is 
added. All amended translations not other- 
wise indicated are furnished by the reviewer 
of the Royal Asiatic Society. 

II. stands for illustration, V. for vocabulary. 
The first number indicates the page. If an 
illustration, the larger number indicates the 
paragraph, and the smaller number the line. If 
vocabulary, the larger number indicates the 
coliunn, and tlie smaller the number of the term, 
Chinese words in brackets indicate words 
omitted in the translation. Words in italics 
show words to be amended. Since Lesson 
45 is so long, the page number is also added. 



Notes. 



2. II. 2I (具是 ) truly it is a case of, etc. 

,, ,, 81 It is to be hoped, etc. ― Would that 
philanthropists would quickly devise a scheme 
to succor their brethren, and render needless 
their division into party groups. 

2. Subject, 思想 interest^ conviction ^ ― train 
of thought. 

3. V. i9 從斩 卞;^ Modernism. 
" " 2** J|>f jf)l]^i^# Autocracy. 

" ,, 2" /STp* Dodges, trickery. 
3.11. 1*, 设 (31); 高尙 (31): 22, 世界親 
(26): y:ff (45 P 136); 形式 (36); 實资 

3. II. 1 3. iMoral purpose^ etc. — idea of human 
morality, — highest thought, etc., the con- 
ception of excellence, ― the morality of 
virtue. 

3. II. 2、 According to the、 etc. ― Weighed ac- 
cording to tlie systems of educatiunists, 
the policy of universal military service 一 are 
all formal principles ; iitilitarianisni is a 
policy of actuality ; iu mural training ihc 
two arc included. 

4. V. 1^ i|E^ Greedily wailing, (lit. dripping 
saliva/ 



4. V. I last, 棋分, 棋 Partition,— as players 
arrange the chessmen between them. 

4. V. 2", 瓦解 Collapse without resistance, and 
by one's own failure (lit. tiles loosening ). 

4. V. 2。, 一 盤散 i'J; Disunion, want of cohesion 
(a dish of loose sand). 

4. V. 27, ^OLfKLfe^ The great man's great little 
man, (with the additional suggestion of the 
tender mercies of the wicked), jack-in-ortice ; 
to bully. This is a pregnant phrase to 
which we find no exact parallel, whether 
in -Tisop or in Uncle Remus. The ass in 
the lion's skin has a different application, 
and the story of the fox going before the 
lion and enjoying the terror of the beasts is 
not quite apt. 

4. V. 2", 牛, 115 Contented slaves, spiritless 
serfs. 

5. n. 7'.J(»fr (30): 8» (45 p. 1、 口). 

5. 11. 5', Tlie main essential, ― the one way or 
path. 

5. II. 6', do not shrink^ 一 do not regard, are 

not alYectcil by. 
5. II. 1 1 -. felt the influmce^ etc , — fell into line 

behind. 



144 



新名詞 



Appendix. 



6. V. 


i,, 


^TrM^flS Autocracy. 




, 10 


^3 iiit±H A limited monarchy. 




l" 


a^)^ The government. 






宗 g The Imperial clan. 




106 


官場 Official circles. 






tJ^SR 大 fS Heads of Boards. 






j{( Some teachers do not allow 



this term, even as a thing of the past. 
(A. H. M.) 

7- II- 現像 (or 象 K26); 2', 本 於神權 (42); 
4*. 共和 130); 4" 演說 (25). 
5\ 統一 (30); 5' 同意 (45 P- 136). 
娥營 (37); 6 5 腐收 (31). 

7- II. 1、 <'w^^rrrt'5^/'(/,— Confused, disordered. 

" " 4?, unpatriotic inonarch^ ― a sovereign 
who ruins his state, official f>ositiim、 ― 
rank, honors. 

7. II. 51, On the side etc., 一 for the metropolis, 
no loss of the right of dominance ; and for 
the provinces, the acquisition of the consen- 
sus of public opinion. 

7. II. 6". This is said, etc. ― This refers only 
to men who have studied, and have taken 
an interest in administration. As to the 
illiterate purchase gang (backstairs experts), 
they are still more unworthy of notice. 

8. V. i2. This chapter is divided into headings 
after the nomenclature common in the 
United States in classifying the departments 
of government : namely, the Executive, the 
Legislative, and the Judiciary. (A. H. M.) 

9. II. i5,一 律 (3o);2i, 命令 (7); 2•■^修正 (38); 
官制 (45 P- 132) 23, 約法 (45 p. 133); 2", 

^政 (45 P- 132). 
9. II. i ". Presidents or Vice-presidenis, ― Con- 
troller and deputy 一 that is the end of it、 — 
it surely will be all right. 

9. II. 2\ The present Presideuty etc. ― The 
Advisory Council's decisions settling the 
organization of the Department of State 

'Affairs, I, the President, in accordance 

promulgate as follows : 

10. II. I. note. 係 is not the only word for 
the copula. 

10. II. 41. did not make advance^ ― was not 
very popular ; 躍 to jump with joy; 
特讓, hit upoHy ― especially devised or ar- 
ranged. 

10. II. i\ 採用 U5 P. 141). 

11. V. 2C, 舉錯 i.e. 舉 1£錯 諸枉, from the 
Analects ot Confucius, to ruisc the straight, 
and put aside the crooked. 



II. IL I*, 革命 <i4). 

" " ' li, ever\ nation^ etc. ― the constitution 
of every nation, whether it be a monarchical 
or a republican constitution, is attained only 
after having to pass a time of rev(»lntion. 

11. II, 2', executes the laws (American ), — is 
the carrier out of tlic laws (English). 

12. 11. '>\ 報吿 (39); 外变 (9); 2\ 條約 (22); 
2", 交涉 U5 P- 135); 2'。, 秘密 UO; 預 J? 
(40) 5' 公選 (45 P- 

12. 11. 1*. thts Boards etc. ― the said Board's 
increase of duty and abolition of likin, 
should be dealt with in one bill with the 
revision of the Customs tariff at this 
time taken up by the Board of Foreign 
Affairs. 

12. II. 2、 Deputy Premier y etc. 一 Acting Pre- 
mier ― to announce tliat the Government 
vis-a-vis Mongolian and Thibetan policy 
had line (lit. grip) as regards relations 
with 

12. 11. 3 (b) The Budget and Accounts^ etc. 一 
The estimates and budget, (c), Expenditure 

beyond the estimates (h) Any increase 

in the province of a Board. 

12. II. 4. (a) by the Provincial ^ etc. 一 It is for 

the Provincial Assembly and the Central 

Government may (任) 

12. II. 4 (b) Even if a mcut, etc. ― Either the 

- may publicly and the Central 

Government can or the Central Govern- 
ment may make a special appointment, and 
the Provincial Government can 

13. Subject. A division consists of a brigade 
of infantry, a regiment of artillery, a 
battalion of engineers (including pioneers, 
aviators, pontoon, railroad, and telegraph 
brigades, sappers and miners, etc.), and a 
train battalion, or army service corps, for 
supply and transport. 

In the artillery, every battalion is divided 
into three batteries, irrespective of how 
many men the battalion may contain. In 
the cavalry, every troop is divided into two 
sections, and every section into two squads ; 
this is against the four sections and four 
squads of a company of infantry, because 
the count is made by the number of eaters 
( p), a horse as well as his rider requiring 
to be taken account of by the commissariat. 
Thus 500 infantry are reckoned as the equal 
of 250 cavalry. (A. II. M. 丄 



Appendix. 



NEW 



TERMS 



145 



14. V. I. last, 輜!; 隊 Transport train. 
,, ,, 3'. 全體 (I 6). 

,, II. 3^, on hearing y 一 having heard.. 

led、 has led, has advanced {Peking Gazelle 
Reviewer). 

15- II- ii, ? (45 P. 133)- 
" " 2', divisions of the artny^ 一 military 
bodies. 

15. II. 2\ to follow 、 一 to perpetuate, to keep 
on using. 

15. II. 2^, forced^ 一 has inconveniences or ob- 
jections. 

15. U. 2^, a^i the correct nomenclature^ — so as 
to correct the names or terminology. 

16. V. 1^, note. The passa^^e quoted is of course 
" light returns to the hills and streams." 
The characters 光復 may be translated " res- 
toration," or poetically, " daw n," " ^^unrisc." 
In literature we find only 光復, the light 
covers, etc. 

17. II- 1气 附和 (38). 

,, " 1 3' var'ioHS, very confused. 

,, ,, 1", When this fact became^ etc., — the 
report of which exasperated them and pro- 
duced mutiny. 

17. II. 18, ivere in arrears for pay、 ― had not 
been paid in full. 

17. II. The particulars, etc. — The detailed 
account of the plundering that ensued is as 
follows : ~ - 

17. II. 2\ ledy ― collected together. 

,, ,, ran short of、 一 gradually was e>t- 
hausted. 

17. II. join -')/, 一 hie in various directions. 

18. II. W\\ (13); 2、 國慶 H (45 P- 140 ;) 
22, j^Mf (42 ; 2\ 5ir|9 (45 P- 135); 2", 起點 
(36); 2'9, 併^ (、; o). 

18, II. 2\ {-y^Xd) generally, roughly. 



" " 2, (,3), halted 、 ― stood at attention. 
,, „ 2, ( 7) The manoetiveritig^ etc. ― The 

review line starting from due south to due 

north, faced front towards, etc. 

18. II. 2 (9), All the bodies, etc.— The massed 
bodies marched once around. 

19. V. 2«, 兩 ii^, an abbreviation <>f Jl^^被p^iil^ 
namely phiintilT and defcinl.iiU ; ami it is 
technically UbCil without !fi 、被, but simply 
兩港. ( Cclesiial Empire.) 

19. v.- 2", 么 J 攝,; differs from {fl in that 
it is served o.ily on one whose guilt " 
niauitVbt, and the sutiuuoiii» inipeiative. (A. 
H. M.) 



20. II. 7", 動搖 (31); f. 服從 (34); t, 全權 
(II). 

20. II. i\ It IS not in the ieast^ etc. 一 From 

the point of view of government, not 

the least objection accrues. 
20. II. 2', To aholhh、 ― to stop the practice of. 

" ,, 5、 (近時 ), of recent times. 

,, " 55, justice^ ― impartiality. 

" " 56, sfigma、 — blots, stains. 

,, ', 7、 pi""ic sentiment^ public opinion. 

" " of cheerfully obeying 、 一 to accept 
and follow 

20. II. 7'\ to press forward 、 一 to do it with all 
my might. 

21. II. 2\ 充 5^ (31). , 

" " i\ A telegram from, etc. ― Yuan Slii- 
K ai has wired to all the Viceroys, the 
Governors of provinces, and the Magistrates 
of departments and districts. {Celestial 
Empire,) 

21. 11. 27, finished the prosecution, etc., — 
has opened his case, the arguments of 
the defendant, or his lawyer's speech, 
may be elucidated or contradicted to the 
court. 

21. II. i\ (地力 '案) Local cases. 

,, ,, ,, A few days ago, etc. 一 With ref- 
erence lo the case of the recent sale of 
smuggled opium detected by the opium 
inspector and forwarded to the proper 
authority for punishment, which has been 
already recorded in our columns, we now 
hear, etc. 

21. V. I', 國際 State intercourse. 

22. V. i*\ The new name for consul does not 
obtain ; it might mean Agent or Consul- 
General. 

22. V. 18, Iff (4: Special Envoy. 
" ,, I'-'", HW- Sea power. 
" " i32' iVlllW ri'^ To refuse foreign inter- 
course, t'» he ;i hermit kingdom. 

22. V. 2\ 本 Wl also capitalists, financiers. 

23. II, 3*, 战時 (30); 內容 (25). 

23. II. 1-, (遷 延、 is to drag on ; and the 
"leaning: is that if internal disorder continue, 
soldiers will have to be brought to China 
for sclf-protcctioa. 

" " 2\ is to appoint 、 etc" ― appoints 

but he must get the consent of the Assembly. 
(The Crirstiiii Em pit f lus for this last.— 
•• with llio coutkiiialion uf the National 
Assembly.") 



146 



新名詞 



'A'PPENDIX. 



23. 11. 3,' 力 Russia, etc., ― the ^^overn- 
ments of Japan and Russia recognize that 
on account of, etc. 

«:3. II. 3\ pneeting zvas held, etc. 一 they 

have conferred the Emperor had ap- 
proved it. 

23. 11. 4、 Minister Lu Minister Jordan 

badly translates the Chinese, and savors of 
discourtesy. (Peking Gazette), A most in- 
nocent slip, as to ears American there is 
notliing discourteous in the expression. 
(A. H. M.) 

23. II. 4\ zvcnt to, 一 first paid a visit to. 

,, ,, 4:*, hitherlo been friendly 、 ― always been 
cordial. 

23. II. 5', advocatedy etc. ― initiated or origi- 
nated the principle of universal equality. 

23. II. 53, moved by this principle* etc., ― 
admired the principle and inclined to the 
custom, that is, it became popular in all 
nations. 

23. II. 5'\ embody the principle, etc., 一 agreed 
to the inclusion of the principle in 

23. II. 5', also adopted it、 etc., ― still more 
fixed it as an axiom. 

24. II. 2\ B 由行動 (45 P- 141); 2\ 黨, 
(15); 27, 解决 (1 6). 

24. II. 1 2, Must we or must we not、 etc., — is 
there or is there not fixed a scheme to press 
for it2. 

24. II. 1 4, There are now hopes 、 etc. ― At 

present the hope that depends on our 

first organizing completely the Cabinet, and 
carrying out centralization. 

24. II. 1", If xve must request, etc. To insist 
on coming forward with a demand for it, 

would probably let them bring and so 

would do harm instead of good. 

24. II. 2**, There will not be left, etc, ― For 
the future in these three, there will no 
longer be any territories where our sover- 
eign rights prevail, and the interior cannot 

stand alone and the whole country 

will be of one mind to determine external 
questions. 

24* V. Various other names for microbe 
have arisen, mainly formed by composition 
with 機 mei2, or 菌. chiin', both meaning 
mold or moldy, Such are 徽菌. 細菌. 徹毒. 
(A. H. M.) 

25' II- 3% 精神 (19); 4", 考試 (23); 5', 紙烟 
(29). 



25. II. 4*, wantonly kiUcd, etc., 一 prove rtoxious 
to the population (茶毒 noxious weeds, bitter 
calamities). 、 

25. II. 45, men' s lives sacrificed^ 一 injure 

people's vitality. 

25. II. 4', temperature and amount. ^ refers to 
the supposed application, as though chilling, 
heating, warming, cooling, etc. 

25. II. 4", make examinations, 一 call to account. 

26. II. \\ 性^ (26); i2s, 腦力 (19); I last but 
one, 俊 勝劣敗 (23). 

26. II. ib, constantly^ etc., ― in excess may. 

" ,, 1 9, The ambiguity in translation arises 
from the use of the character 線 (thread) 
instead of the character 8?《 (gland). The 
latter was invented to order by the Medical 
Association not many years ago, and natural- 
ly is not in the fonts of the ordinary news- 
paper. (A.H.M.) 

26. II. 1 26, 經 in Anatomy means organ or 
system ; hence 神經 nervous system. 

27. II. 1 4, make a siand^ etc., 一 stand upright 
on the globe and compete with others. 

27. V. 1 2, 商辦 often mercantile as opposed 
to 官辦 official management. 

27. V. i7, 實 専 1 Industry, industrial circles. 
,, ,, 2^ 買 $資 ^ To deal in futures, gamble 

in stock, etc., 

28. II. 4', 價 ffi (19); 1\ 地方 (;^ .2). 

,, ,, 2^ we cannot prevent U、 一 even we 
cannot offset, retaliate, oppose. 

29. II. 會議 (i6); 52, 典辦 (37). 

,, " 33, If "le original, etc., 一 unless it is 
impressed on the original share-holders gen- 
uinely to reform. (貴成 is to impress duty 
or responsibility on. To reprove is a collo- 
quial meaning). 

29. II. 6', We can bc、 etc., ― The state may be 
rich enough, yet what is tu be done if we 
cannot avoid knowledge victimizing igno- 
rance, power robbing weakness, the gulf 
between rich and poor, the cruel spectacle 
of the deadly fight between capital and labor. 

30. V. I"), Convene y form. 

" ,, 1", Politics, government. 

31. II. 9'. 名; 16:! (45 P. 137). 

" " 96, Their good motto, etc" ― They give 

it the fine name of (类 a verb meaning 

to make beautiful). 
31. II. 10^, the same ! aw、 — uniformity. 

,, " io\ Republkan, ~ combined in harmony, 



APPENDIX. 



NEW TERMS 



147 



31 II. lO*, commanded^ 一 proposed to order. 

33. II. 2", Too much happiness^ ― matters for 
congratulation, bits of luck too many. 

33. V. i\ Sworn Brotherhood. 

,, II. i\ The people 、 etc., 一 Every one of our 
nation cherishes a patriotic heart, ami wishes 
earnestly to remove any survivals of the 
habits that formerly corrupted govern- 
ment, 

33. II. 1 7, party idea、 etc., ― our party views 
are so fierce as to lead to danger. 

33- II. 2\ 必耍 (36). 

34. II. \\ 同情 (45 P. 140). 

,, " 2\ Strength^ 強 is a verb, to make 
powerful. 

34. II. 2\ upright men^ etc., 一 purely party 
men have no taint of self-interest, but con- 
stantly put first and foremost. 

34. II. ,32, fonimunicatiou^ etc., a written ex- 
hortation by the Living Buddha to all the 

to return to their allegiance, the gist 

of which is given in translation below. 

34. II. 37, crafty tricky ― a trap. 

,, " 3^ f^cgin to drive 。"/, — they will certain- 
ly start a crusade against. 

35. V. 1 12, (he air tain ris€s、 ― to open the 
curtains. 

35. V. I**, ^W^ft Special session, extraordin- 
ary meeting. ■, 

36. II. 6^ —致 (30); 64. 發生 (39); 6\ 信任 
(30; 6", 辭: (45 P. 133). 

36. II. 3% demarcation^ etc.,— the extent of 
the equal rights of men and women. 

36. II. 8-, the members, etc., — some members 
advocated an itiimodiate ballot. 

37. II- 秩 'y: 

,, ,' i^*, (跳起 ) leaped to his feet. 

" 1 7, Can a member^ etc., 一 A pretty 
member to curse people ! 

37. II. 1 10, stand up, etc., ― step out (leave their 
places) and fight. 

3«. II i', R« (21); 3*. 公立 (31): l\ 

5', (39); 5", 改 (38); 57, '^r^ 

(26、. 

38. II. 5*, b,,d msiorns and habits, — morals. 
39- II. i*, i«i 年 ft <2o); i2, tgi^ (22); x\ 

(22): 1", 滅 (37): I", W« '40). 

39. V. i\ 社 was long ago used by the 
Japanese for a uiercaniilc company ( Kai.sha), 
but in China it implies society in the abstract, 
(J. W. I. ill Chtnesie I\gt,0nUr) 

4 書' n. 6', AH (i9). 



40. II. 6,, 1/ Chinese y etc,, — In China to-day 
to be ignorant of A. B. C, is acciumtcd 
uncultured, and still more, to have no foreign 
garb marks the narrow-minded. 

40. II. 72, iii,£s as he should^ etc., — docs all 
he can, and each obtains what he needs, even 
so the aim does not go beyond happiness in 
this world. 

41. II- 個人 (i9); 5', 獎 (23); 養院 
(22); 巾學 (22); f、 *?ViVft (45 p. 137)- 

41. II. ii, pi" the destitute^ etc., — provide for 
selected poor while bringing waste land 
under cultivation, and also to teach 

41. II. 2', Division of I-a,id、 etc., ― Method of 
appropriating land. The amount of this 
Association's land allotted to each family 
for cultivation will depend 

41. II. 32, 續" his share of. 
" " 3^f a lease^ etc., ― This Association will 
give only a lease to the tenant, enabling the 
tenant t'、 ciillivatc according to system, and 
the tenant also will have as usual to pay 
rent. 

41. II. 5 (3), respecting the rights, etc., ― to 

exalt individuality. 
41. II. 5 (4), hereditary system, 一 the system 

of hereditary succession. . 

41. II. 5 (6), labor 、 一 industry. 

" ,• 5 (7), iaxfs ofti\\ etc., ― tn levy 

the single tax on land, and rcnrit all others. 

42. li. 2\ 惟一 (30); 附极 (45 p. 136); 

01 有 (45 P- 133). 
42. II. I \ common property, etc., 一 Capital is 
made common to society, and labor universal 
for each. 

42. II. 2*, No taxes, etc., ― The products of 
human toil should not be burdened with any 
taxation. 

42. II. 3", are not allowed^ etc., 一 cannot be 
ccde<l fur the exclusive 

43. II. W 究 *39). 

44. •. I' ,志十 (45 P. 141); 2、 jKK (42); 72, 
免足 ^^^Y X\ 權 f»l (32" 81, IV t\6u 

45. II. i\ Wine 135)1 i〜 革除 

45 V. i'". # Uik Occultism. (J. W. I.) 
„ ,, I jii^ IS (»nly llie Laniaisl form of 
Bu<l«ilii>in. 

45' II- i-'V \h ) & fr " in many places used 
iiUtMchani;eahl> wilh the next Icnii. or is 
coiHinc*! {'} Cluncsc liur.ic cvungcli/atiun. 
L'sa|;c will eventually fix the ineajiing. 



148 



新名飼 



A'PPENDTX. 



47. II I". 輸人 (38). 

,, ,, 2〜 to extend^ etc., ― to share in our 
peace. ? 

48. II. 2\ 開辦 (37); 4!, 推行 (39V 

,, 2', (開辦 1^ 章) Initiatory Concise Rules. 
II ', ?, 明 makes a compound verb, to 
cause to increase, to make illustrious. (A. 
H.M.) 

48. II. i\ truly, honestly. 

,, V. i*' In some places the term 牧 grfi was 
originally restrictoJ to a pastor installed over 
a church ; other Christian workers (men) 
were crJIed 敎 In time both terms 
broadened in their use, 牧 being used as 
title of any ordained man, 敎士 being used 
not only of men, but of women evangelists as 
well, if unmarried. The uiiniarried woman 
teacher is 女十. The tf'rm given below £or 
evangelist 滝 先生 refers of course to men 
only. 

49' II. 1、 大同 (42); i6, 改革 (38); 時勢 
(32). 

49. II. l7,i6, revolution^ reform. 

" " 18, in" since men, etc., ― it is only that 
people mostly confine "religion" to a the- 
ological belief. 

50. II. 6\ 現行 (45 p. 139). 

,, ,, i\ held by the, etc.,— since the three 
religions are the beliefs of the majority of 
our nation, these three religious systems and 
practice are combined and altered, and given 
the name of the New Buddhism of flie 
Great Union, in which the morality ap- 
prehended by the sages of the five continents 
forms the substance ; and the civilization 
worked out by them, and their rules of 

universal application, the practice 

50. II. iw, uniting with^ etc., ― and along with 
others do good. Thus the state will obtain 
innumerable new proselytes to share the 
duty of civilization. 

50. IK 2\ 暫 定簡章 and b\ 現; if 簡章, both 
provisional regulations. 

51. V. 2^'*, In these two terms for kinder- 
garten, 院 is often used instead of 園. (A. 
H. M) 

52. II. 2、 促進 (37). 

53. U. i2, 廣吿 (25). 

54. II. 2i, 重要 (31). 

,, " 2**, T('////r in Japau, etc" — while Japan 

adopts the secular policy. 
54. II. 2〜 worship^ reverence. 



56. II. 2\ 暑假 (45 P- 137); 4*, 學理 (26); 4*. 
格 (36). 

57- II. 恐 1« (42); 1", 特別 (31); i\ K 法, 
商法 (45 P. 135) 1", 法定 (38> 

60. 11. 3*, 根據 (26). 

61. II. 3 人 W 利 K 福 (40; 3\ 心理 (42). 

62. II. 實際 

63. II. I (— )3, 本能 Uo). 

65. II. 34, 對待 (如何 > 相當 (36); ^固 
(30; 風氣 (40). 

65. II. 1", 整額 is from Mciicius, **\vitli aching 
head and contracted brow,'' 一 a stock phrase. 

66. II. i\ 審定 (45 p. 140); 2\ vitH (40); 

無效 (45 P- 139)- 

66. V. 結桑 Dialectics. 

67. V. I, last. 效力 Force, validity. 

68. 11. 1*, 同一 (30); 2\ 時間 (32〉. 

71. II. \\ 歐化 (45 P. 138); 2', 官制 (45 P 

132): l4, 調査 (39); l2, 常識 (42); 2\ 

發行 (39): 23, 航路圉 (45 P. 138)- 

72. 11. i3, (4-'). . 

,, ,, Note 7. T'ang' sai\ to do just as little 
as one must of one's job; to slur one's duties. 
73- II, 23, 歡迎 (34). 

74. 11. 尤 '復 (38): 4S, 加印郵 S (43 p. 138). 

77. Note 2. Tsai^ soa^ pi\ etc., 一 among the 
things to be changed. 

77. Note 4. cringing under the wanton dom- 
ination of aristocracy. 

77. note 21. Yiu3 su*, — have always. 

79. II. 27, ^% (37). 

80. II. 協商 (45 P. 139)- 

Si. II. i\ 進行 (38); 地位 (36); 升旗, 
(34); 事宜 (40); 42, 時局 (32); 4\ 
強有力 (、V). 

82. II. 本務 (3"',: I", 怖道 (42): 2 〜指定 

(45 P- 141), 適用 (31)- 

82. V. 頑固 Pig-headed. 

83. V. 用 also means credit. 

" note I, 木予, there is no refusal of liberty 
to • 

83. II- 1'. 抑制 

84. II. 24, 推倒 (38); i\ 異象 (42) last character 
also written 相. 

86. V. 2-», 支翔 S will be found in I Tsing who 
gives it as the Indian name for China. 
Buddhism tuok it to Japan, from which 
countrv it has returned (J. W, I.)- 

The' 新名 ;^】 訓琴 fa little book mainly 
devoted not to de lining new terms, but to 
tracing tlieni back to some earlier source), 
quotes a passage from the annals of the 



Appendix. 



NEW TERMS 



149 



Sung dynasty, where in a congratulatory 
address received from India, the Emperor 
is called 支 那皇帝 <A. H. M.). 、 
87. II. ii, 佈吿 (45 P- 141). 

8«. II. i«, 塗炭 (45 P. 132). 1", 

(42). 

89. II- ii, 耍素 (36); 母國 (45 p. 1391, last 
line 條張 (45 p. 140). 

90. II. I", mj) {^s)• 

,, V. 袖 旁 fR Improper neutrality, supine 

indifference. 
9【. Note 2. 指著 is itself "a move in chess." 
" " 15. ^逐 is explained by commentators 
as [貌, bounding forward. 

91. Note 17. Ken* pen' yao* tao\ the founda- 
tion and tlie wav. 

92- II. I', 破壊 {^^)■• 保存 (42); I-, 家庭 U5 
p. 136); 2', 晰 絕關係 <45 P- 135); 2% 交通 
(45 P. 139); 3'. 新大阵 (45 P. 139); 4'. 功 
用' 45 P. 139)- 

94- II. 2', 規 (45 p. 136): 2-, 訓;; „=] (45 p. 140). 

95- II. I", 1?^便 (41); 决定 (45 p. 136). 
96. II. 2-\ 主 ftS (43 p. 140). 

98. II. I 3 . 後 亂治安 <39). 

99. II. 3-'. 新進 (4-'); 4:', 不自由 無寧死 (45 
P. 141). 

100. 11. 1)". 代名^^ (45 P- 137). 



100. V. 2'6, 想 is the recognized equivalent 
for ideals, but I liear it used for " an idea " 
or " theory ", (J. W. I) 

101. II. i3, 生活^ 皮 (42). 

102. II. 4, last. 挽 lnjfiilf (41). 

104. V. i'-, 編' 制 also to institute, 

105. II. 2, last. 元紊 (45 P- 137)- 

106. II. 2', 國家 :4: 翁 (45 P. 131)- 

109. II. 5\ 昔^ <45 P- 137): 6'. 統一 幣制 
(45 P- 133): ,進 主莪 (45 P- 131 1. 

1 10. V. I'o, 熟商 To iliscuss thoroughly. 

112. II. 4'. ^xii (45 P. 132); 

0- 健康 (45 P. 139). 

115. II. 4」, 意義 (45 P. 137)- 

I 【6. II. 3\ 通, (45 P. 136). 

1 1 7- II. 2:'. 當選 (4-). 

Ii8. II. i3, 天 賦人權 (45 P. 136). 

124. II- 武 装和平 (45 P- 1 34V 天職 (45 
p. 136); 2'f', 迚帶 BB 係 (45 P- 139)- 

125. II- 5I, 市政 (45 P- 133)- 

„ V. 2\ ^iH 也; ^義 is in Chinese Buddhism 
自利, 利他 whence 二利. (1. \V. I.). 

126. II. 33, 洗 心革面 (45 p. 132). 

127. II. 3«, p 唷願 U5 p. 【40); 
4'. Mm '45 P- i、W). 

128. 11. I:', 公例 (45 P. 137); 
I'. 部落 145 P- 136). 



LAST SUPPLEMENT. 



LAST ? WHY ? Because the Chinese themselves are now gathering terms, in a better 
way than any foreigner could do. To one who in former years had made somewhat of a 
study of the new terms coming into the Chinese language and had then been forced to give up 
the study for other work, it came as a complete surprise, on again resuming the study, to find 
that a marvellous change in the language, was on the eve of taking place. It was a surprise 
such as Columbus must have felt when he set out to find a new path to an old world, and found 
that the way led to a new continent ; or that of those other adventurers, who " stood silent on 
the peaks of Darien," ― seeing at their feet the vast expanse of the Pacific. 

NEW IDEALS. The Chinese are working out a new language for themselves. The 
same spirit which led returned students to stretch a hand upward to express in new terms the 
new ideas that had come to them in other lands, now leads them to stretch a hand downward to 
the masses below, to raise them. For among the new ideas that they have learned in other 
lands, and wish to bring to their own, are Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. • 

LIBERTY. Liberty they have already attained, though now, in this month of revolutions 
一 July of the year 1920, ― it appears that, the other two ideals have not been attained by all. 

EQUALITY. Now for equality. 

One of their new terms is 平 E, the equality of all. But with over 90 per cent of the 
people illiterate, how can equality be attained ? The people must be brought out of their 
illiteracy by a simplified literature. What they now have in the line of literature is a dead 
language, expressed in characters of which one can attain a working use only after years of 
patient study. They must have a simplified script. This was foreseen by the martyred 
Emperor, Kwang Hsii. In an edict promulgated in the 34th year of his reign, he says: 
"Chinese characters are very abstruse. There are several myriads of them, so that even 
profound students cannot master them. But for even the ordinary needs of life, a working 
knowledge of several thousands is necessary. Lads must study eight or ten years to get even a 

superficial knowledge of win- It. How can the children of the poor afford the time? 

In countries having constitutional governments, one must be able to read in order to attain 
citizenship. But in China, there are entire villages in which not a single man can be found 
who can read. If the country people cannot read, what kind of a foundation is this for a 
constitutional government? Europe and America have an alphabet of twenty-six letters ; Japan 
of fifty. By combination these are sufficient to enable one to express his ideas in writing, and 
to read the papers, thus acquiring the knowledge of principles and of current affairs essential 
to good citizenship. 

"In England 90 per cent of the people can read Hence, if China is to be 

saved, universal education is necessary. To attain this, a simplified script is necessary." 

In his efforts to free his people, the young Emperor lost first his liberty and then his 
life, for of course such a man could not be allowed to survive the Empress Dowager. But the 
gtjod work of overcoming the illiteracy of the people, thus commenced, did not die, and now the 
whole nation is aroused to carry it on. This edict of the Emperor led to an investigation of the 
various ways by which foreigners in learning Chinese expressed the sounds of the language, and 
eventually led to the principle underlying the system ― arbitrary symbols which should represent 
the different souiuU. But these symbols were not chosen from the alphabet of any other 
nation. Some of the symbols are obsolete characters of simple form taken from K*ang Hbi*s 
Dictionary. Others are parts of well-known characters, of which the symbol takes the sound, 
but not the meaning, These thirty-nine symbols— twenty-four initials, three niedials, and twelve 
finals ― were found sufficient to represent a fair average of the sounds of the language. In 
order to standardize the sounds of the language, a meeting was called by the Board of 
Education ― two delegates from each of the provinces, one each to represent Mongolia, Thibet, 



LAST SUPPLEMENT 



151 



and the overseas Chinese, ― these representatives to fix on a uniform pronunciation. Of course 
it meant that each section must make concessions in the interests of unity. 

In addition to these thirty-nine symbols, certain extra ones may be used in each local 
dialect for the sake of countrymen too old to get accustomed to the new pronunciation. 

The work commenced by Kuang Hsu was continued in the reign of Hsiian T'ung, and 
the time of the Republic ; the Board of Education pursuing the matter. At Ihe first meeting 
to discuss the question of unified script, the subject was dropped ; at the second it was 
considered, but not passed ; at the third it was passed without a dissenting voice. And now 
the study of the script has been introduced into all the primary schools. 

Nearly every foreigner has heard of the chu yin tsi mu, and many have taught it. But 
very few know the far-reaching results growing out of it. For the simplified script requires a 
simplified language. lV"i-!i、 hard enough in itself, is imjiossible to understand in the script. A, 
simplified literature is necessary. So this year the Board of Education is issuing a new. 
series of National Readers (國 文) for the Lower Primary, commencing with the Phonetic 
Script, then introducing Chinese characters, each new character having the pronunciation 
marked in script beside it the first time it occurs. The language, too, is the language of 
common life. It is made still plainer by the use of foreign punctuation marks. 

But for the complete understanding of phonetic script, it is also necessary that there 
should be no ambiguity. A monosyllable in Phonetic Script conveys no idea, and even if the 
tone is marked, it is no help to the illiterate ; for though they may speak in clearly defined 
tones, they do not know how to distinguish tliem, or reproduce them to order. And even 
if they could distinguish them, it is indefinite which character of that sound is intended. 
For instance, Goodrich's Dictionary contains sixty-odd characters, all of them read yii*. To 
define the meaning, an added character, making a dissyllabic word, is necessary. Thus, though 
yii alone conveys no idea, yii-pei, lao-yii, si-yii," and ming-yii convey the definite ideas of 
"prepare," "prison," " lust " and fame," even though neither character of the combination 
receives the tone-mark. Hence a new language, each prominent word of the sentence being 
niatle up of more than one syllable, is necessary. The building up and standardization of these 
new words 一 類, is now committed to an association which has already decided on 8,000 
such words ― the resultant of the various dialects. For the words in common use differ in 
different localities. For instance, in some localities the word for " match " is ch'' u^'t^ng^-t^f'^ 
in others yattg^ hwoa^^ and who knows how many other names in other localities? Hence 
standardization is necessary. 

In this work of unification of the language of the people, the Chinese have shown the 
same marvellous capacity of adjustment which makes it possible for the Chinese to thrive in 
every clinic iiiulcr lieaven. If a standard language is necessary for the people, then make that 
language, and make tlie people learn it. So new Xational Readers are prepared for the Lower 
Primary, and next month all teachers in these grades of government schools will be required 
to meet in various centres, that they may learn tliis new language and its pronunciation. So 
hereafter ivht-li and English will take the place in the Chinese curriculum, that is occupied in 
that of foreign countries by Latin, and a modern language, as German or French ; wliile the 
teaching in tlic lower grades wiil use only tlie simplified vernacular. It is expected that in a 
few years every person under thirty years will be speaking this new language. 

This change afTects nut only the Kmvor Primary, but the higher branches of literature 
and journalism. When new terms first began to he mIrudiiceJ. the model of style to be 
followed in editorials, etc.. was Liang Ch*i Ch'ao. But when the new departure was propose 丄 
Liang Ch'i Chao himself became a follower of tlie advocate of the language. Dr. \\\\ 1 Lii, 
ur. as lie is coninionly callc<l, IIu Slnh. lie i、 the licail of the Peking' University, which 
publishes a magazine called the Hsin Si CliW, "The New T"le of Tlim,Klit,,, or as they 
themselves translate it, the " Renaissance." This gives the nio" iulviuiccd IhouijlU iu lan^iviagc 
simple enough to t)*j understood. 



152 



LAST SUPPLEMENT 



The new language and script affect nut only literature, but the active business 
of life. Ill Shansi merchants are required to use it in making out bills. It also j^'reatly 
simplifies telegraphy. As the shape of the character cannot be transmitted by telegraph, 
each character requires an elaborate translation at each end of the line. On the railroad, 
where the quick transmission uf telegrams may be necessary to save wrecks' foreign 
languages have been empIuyeU; on the Peking-Hankow line the French, on the Peking- 
Moukden, the English. When the new language is finally fixed, the new telegraph code will 
follow it. The military will also use it in flag-signalling. In time it is thuuglit that books 
printed in the Phonetic will be printed in horizontal lines, instead of vertical columns, and this 
will lend itself to the introduction of iinglibh words into the text, a great improvement on the 
present method. 

FRATERNITY. This new language, standardized both in word and pronunciation, 
will be a mighty factor in realizing that other watchword — fraternity. At great conventions 
for organizing union movements, where representatives from North and South meet together, 
if English is not used as the main language, it is at least the medium of communication, tlic 
man from the south being interpreted into English, and that in turn into the language of the 
north, — too much chance for the evaporation of the spirit uf fraternity in the transition! 

It it a significant fact that at the time of the student demonstrations in Peking, when 
bands of ten students went around lecturing on the streets and in the villages, the Christian 
students were the ones that held the attention of the people. The students from the Govern- 
ment University used a classic style, above the heads of the people. Those from the 
Indemnity College were from all parts of China, and spoke all kinds of dialects. But the 
students of Christian schools, trained from lowest primary in the simple kuan-hwa of the 
Bible, spoke to the hearts of the people and always commanded attention. 

It is a remarkable coincidence that the translation of the Bible into the vernacular by 
Luther, Wyclif, and Calvin helped to standardize the language and unify the people of their 
respective countries. Also that the method adopted by the Revision Committee in retranslating 
the Bible into language that could be understood in all North China, selecting revisers from 
Szechwan, Central China, Shantung, and Peking, should be the same method as that followed 
later by the Association for unifying the language of the whole people. 

Also that shortly after the presentation of an elegantly bound Bible by the Christian 
women of China to the Empress Dowager on her jubilee, the Emperor Kwang Hsii seiit to a 
mission book-store to buy a copy of each Christian publication on sale. After that, we heard 
rumors through a Christian eunuch, that the Emperor had become an earnest studeiit of 
the Bible. 

What a help this new departure will be to the China for Christ movement. 
Truly "The entrance of Thy word giveth light." 

Acknowledgement shoulti be made by the writer, in the preparation of this and preceding 
chapters, of her indebtedness to her faithful scribe, Mr. Yuan (袁達 淸), himself a pupil of 
Hu Shih. 

Thanks are also clue to Prof. U. P. Parker for corrections, and Dr. J. L. Stuart and Dr. 
C. W. Fcnn for proof-readinj. 

A: H. MaTKKR. 

Peking, December 14th, 1921. 



Supplement. 



NEW TERMS 



153 



LAST SUPPLEMENT, 1920. 



I. Suffixes indicating a Class of Men. 

賁! 家 .SV/r yie^ chia^. Business men. 

建築, * Chien、 chu 丄 Ma、, Architects. 
論家 Ping"^ ck!a、 Critics. 
家 //5/* cku^ chia\ Dramatists. 

軍事余 Chiin^ sh'i^ chia}. Military experts. 

各界 chU、. General public. 

思 iil 界 6'/* hsiang^chie^. World of thought. 

物 g{J^ Wu> chi^ chie、* Material world ; 
world of matter. 

外界 IVai^ chie\ External relations, en- 
vironment. 

IfJ T、7i'cnt\ A band ― used as a suffix in 
many combinations to indicate a class 
or party, as below. 

f5:I?fl Chlng^ C'ivaft^. Political parly. 

^^j^j Ffi\ twan^. Association of aviators. 

^^'4':lffl HsiU' shing^ t'wan^. The student 
body. 

II. SlTI^FlXES INDICATING A SCHOOL OF 
TlIOl^GFlT, -ISM, -NESS, ETC., OR A 

SvsTiiM OR Practice, -tion, -age. 



Liberty. 
License as dis- 



自 rtl4: 號 T -"、 yuP- chu^ 

任意 義 f 力"" ^ 

tin*;uislicfl from above. 
― 3^6 /* (力, 'I 〃〃's ;*. Monogamy. 
* 7》d' 〃/? 《-"3 i\ Polygamy. 

多火 t;^ chu》 /*. Polyandry. 

拜 <i5r:l: 孜 尸"' * i\ Mammon 

worsliip. 

制 C /n\ Now used much as suffix (see P.I 31). 
帝制 7、i、 cht. Monarchy. 

Shwfi、 cki、 Taxation. 
甚左制 IIsu^ ch'ie^ chi^. Concubinage. 

III. Figures. 

Many of these are not new terms, but simply nrw in 
the tigurativc sense in which thry are now so often 
used Figures arc taken from facts in history, from 
Western Science, the Drama, etc. 

tB 活 厂 fnvoa^, (The resurrection) Re- 
naissance. 

fl \\\ #8 Ts'i\y7u^ chu" 衮、. Liberty bell (used 
as title to books advocating liberty). 

本氣 A","〃,e' Atmosphere. 

Bg 光 kwdng^. (Dawn) Hopeful situa- 
tion. 



irf:|i|JE ////' shrn^^. Acclaim, vox populi. 
聲浪 S/iCPig^ lan^^. (Sound waves) Report. 
反響 FanMisin"(^. Opposing voice. 
先帮 Ilsien^ shing^. Preliminary announce- 
ment. 

尾 ij^ IVei^ shin^^. Finale ; subsequent 
news. 

耳鼓 ",. (Ear drum) Hearing. 
Bl^ 簾 Yien^ lien^. (Iris) Sight, vision. 

Hsi、 M、, A comedy, a farce. 
^^1] /Wi f ////*. A tragedy. 

An^ "〃/*• (A (laik curtain) Conceal- 
ment. 



Background. 



上— Shang^ /'"/2. To come on the stage. 
fi^Si Ch'h\if- shii^. Ripe (as opportunity). 
離'! ^5 r 力 (Callow) Initial stages, 
first beginning. 

劑 IJang^ chi 、- (Good medicine) Re- 

nie(iy ; see Lesson XII. 
色彩 5^* is'ai^. (Color) Nature. 
} ChP ftng\ (Highest peak) Th« 

head, as the Fresident. 
機械 Chi' hsie\ (Tool) Cat's-paw. 

V. Republican Government. 

政象 Chtng^ hsiang^. Political situation. 
^ \\ //."? M"、 Figure heads. 
元嵛 》7"2 shou\ Chief executive. 
>*UT:lMI!y Tsi^ ji"、 nei^ ki-. Responsible 

cabinet. 

促 合內閣 /jW hf nei^ kf\ Coalition cab- 
inet. 

閣艮 Kf y 'xien^. Cabinet Minister. 
釦:^^本部 7Vrt〃i mou^ phi^ pu^^ Board of 
Ciciicral Staff. 

Aerial Board. 
秘 If .1//* shu\ Secretary of Chinese For- 

eij;n Office, private secretary, as of Board, 
tf 軍 Tu^ chioty Military Governor of 

Province. 

igg Shenj^^ f/ 讚, 1. Civil Governor of 
Province. 

西北 If 邊 Wi pct^ pi 《― 

Frontier Defense Commissioner 



154 



新名詞 



SUPPLKMBNT' 



京兆尹 Chi"g\ chao^ yt"、. Metropolitan 
Prefect (old name of Metropolitan Pre- 
fecture being now changed from 顺 大 fff 
to 京兆 ). 

總 gS! Tsun^ chicn^. General superintend- 
ent, as of Metropolitan Police. 

監 l^t^lJH Chi en'' /"i chi、 kwan\ The 
Legislature. 

執行機 Kfl Cht" hsing^ cki、 kwan\ The 
Executive. 

粒辦 TV/w". Commissioner. 

官 A'zfw? liadK Officialdom, officials, 
official (adj ). 

yi. Finance, the Post Office, etc. 

造產税 ch^an^ shwei^. Inheritance tax. 

所 ii'i 稅 Soa^ te^ shwei^. Income tax. 

/^照 P ai"- (,wo《. License. 

^fj^ Nei〜 chcii\ Domestic loan. 

本位 八 '"s wei'^. Standard. 

&本位 F"、 pt,"、 wei^. Binietallic standard. 

%\m 5£'':Siv!* } Principal coin. 

Fu》 /r*. Subsidiary coin. 
Nie、 pi\ Nickel currency. 

老 票 Lao^ (oir fiao^. Japanese yen note 
(from head of old man on note). 

差帖 ClCiang^ Russian dollar note. 

{Ch^iang^ a tribe on west of China. ) 

預{^5金 pci^ chin、 Metallic reserve. 

額面 micn、. Face value. 

*(^止%現 THfig^ chi^ i7vet* hsien^. To sus- 
pend specie payment ; the moratorium. 

騎? V 率 Hwci、 fei^ li<\ Rate of ex- 
change. 

檢 杏郵件 Chicfi^ ch、 a: yiu^ chien^. Cen- 
sorship of mails. 
國微 f^tvoS^ hweP. National emblem. 

NoTF. — At the formation of ; the Republic, the chia 
he was chosen as the emblem of China, and was much 
used as an architectural ornament. But when Yuan 
Slii K'ai assumed imperial power, he ii:^f<i twelve em- 
blematical circles (sec note p. 140). But tliesc met with 
disfavor, being too complicated, and going back to 
antiquity. A book printed at the time of iho down- 
fall of the new empire, giving the emblems of differ- 
ent countries, in derision printed the emblem of 
China as an empty circle. 

yiL GovjiRNMENT Functions, Constabu- 

I,ARY, ETC. 

國 民自决 Kwoa 2 min^ isi * chiie^. Plebiscite, 
referendum. 



政權 Ch^ng^ ck'Hen\ Political power. 
法案 Fa^ a"*. Bill before Legislature. 
草案 Ts'ao^ an*. A draft (sls of constitu 
tion). 

Kf- 7*. Cabinet meeting. 
訓 4 Hsxin^ ling^. Instructions from su- 
periors (as chief ruler to Foreign 
Ministers) 

裁可 7V<n2 k'^. To authorize, to endorse. 
署名 Sh"x ; To sign a document. 
文官尋||^ 〃?〃 2 ku,an、 k\xo^ shi\ Civil 

examinations. 
斛職 C hie^ ch'r. To expire (as term of 

office); to relieve from office for any 

cause. 

免職 Afien^ ch?. To remove from post 
because inefficient 

极職 Ck't^ <://■/ 2. To remove from office 
because culpable. 

Chuen^ jdn\ Transfer (of office). 

i^"^ Chiang^ ting^. To degrade; degra- 
dation. 

mi Chh'\ chieu^. To receive officially. 

褒獎 /W chiang^ . Reward. 

嘉禾章 Chia^ hi" c/taw 疋、. Civil decoration. 

月 * Yue^ feng^. Monthly salary of gov- 
ernment officials and police. 

勒移 Ch^ifV- w"《. Active service (as sol- 
diers, etc). 

外勤 IVaz* ch,in\ Outdoor service (as in 

Customs). 
內勒 Nei* ch、in\ Indoor service. 
密探 fan^. Secret service men, 

detectives. 

消防隊 Hsiao^ fang'- iwei\ Fire patrol. 
Ching^ //2. Policeman's whistle. 

VIII. MlUTARY AkFAIRS— PERSONNEI*. 

变戰 Chiao' chan^ fitan- t'l^ \ Belliger- 
f ( 1-^1 r/"r'"7vnn\ j ents. 

軍 Ifu、 kzvoar chim^. National guards, 
軍 ll, 易 Chiiu^ Jd\ Military leaders. 
U 「, Chang^ m!A Corporal. 
<ifi H 官 C/i'i ^ ji、 kroany Officer for day. 

隊 /* y""^ "jrci、 . Volunteers. 

IX. MiuTARY Affairs. Operations, Arms, 

EgUIl'MliNT, KTC. 

軍事 Chiin^ Military. 

戰 It Chau、 li'ie^. Militai7 strategy. 

策源地 7"j^)'/kw2"\ Base. 



Supplement. 



NEW TERMS 



155 



Aerial torpe- 
does. 



大本资 T"* />^', v'w,2. Headquarters. 

兵 rhife /V'/,i kufig^ ch'nnsi^. Arsenal. 
兵 〈*^ f//". Barracks. 

捕推物 尸〃 3 h"、 zvu\ Prize (naval). 
P*: 路鈾 I'u"u、 p、cw、 Field guns. 

f ,砲 Chung' fao\ j^^ege guns, 

n 砲 (、hiu、 p、 ao、. Mortars. 
I 氣砲 Tienhh? p、cfr>、. Electric cannon. 
P 力氣砲 八 4 ch、i、 Asphyxiating 
毒氣 $罕 尸"2 ch,i、 tan\ Jj bombs. 
5>: rfi K'mig^ chung^ lei' 
™ Ch? iei\ 
i 气彈 r々V4 ian\ 一 
ijj 火炸彈 Yin^ hwo6} cha^ ian\ Incendiary 
bombs. 

子 ftj: 彈 Tsi^ mu^ tan^. Shrapnel. 
手榔 彈 'S"々。"3 ck'i、 cha^ (an\ Hand- 
grenade. 

毛瑟 T' 檢 ^fcia^ se* shoii^ cK iang^, Mauser 
revolver. 

溝 〃2. Wire entanglements. 

P 力 線 .V'" hsien^. Line of defense. 
Bii' ife ^ p'ad^ lei^. Masked battery. 
射 J 也'; r,'t?S| She' 〃4 lef- cht\ \ v.. . 
射彈, Sh^' tan' cht\ 。 I ^l»"e-lhrouer. 

j^: 水' iT; Foir shweP lci~. Floating mines. 
^ \% JfiVnH^ mien^. Gun cotton. 
激 Ch !、 chnn\ Attack. 

J^njst Tsung^ hiug^ General attack. 

pi|(Ji^ Hrvei- chi\ Counter attack. 
作戰 7:w(5* chan\ To fight. 
&沈 ch'en". To sink (a ship). 
封鈿 卢. To blockade. 
W^'M 仏! 3 Mn、 chen\ Naval base. 
超 及艦 Ch'ao" thi^^ ""、 chi^ chienK 

Snpcr-iireadnought. 
旅艦 Ch'i' chien^. Flag-ship, 
ffl ^lll^K Chuafi^ yiifi* chien^. A transport 
7)4 .fd'iIi^K 》h? y'〃 Zt,/2 /,〃/,\ Destroyer, 
•f.^ ! Acu^ //、f/2 (kie,t、 Traiiimg sliip. 
Wl Tsi'A w< chien^. Sister ship. 

'^ife^S 〃 ?'〃 2 hu 3 chang Decoration 

(military . 

無 flUft 交 i3 〃,"2 ,,Zrt"2 chien^ ckiao、 hwan^. 
Unconditional surrender. 

X. The Law. 

法 /;':, \nen^. Law Courts. 
少年^ "所 Shao^ nieti^ ts'ai^ p'an^ sod^. 
Juvenile Court. 



4 . , , > Guillotine. 
ran* t on- chi '. j 



總檢察 V< Tsufj^^ chien^ chW fh(i,,g\ Pro- 
curat'T General. 

檢驗 >l£ Chicn^ ytrft* h *. Coroner. 

吿 iJ^ Kad^ su*. To accuse, to g') lo law. 

起 Ch、i、 su*. To go to law. 

吿》0^ 人 K(w、 su^ jdn\ Plaintiff. 

後移者 Chai^ wti^ choa \ Debtor. 

俊^^^? Chai^ ch'iien' choa^. Creditor. 

^iit 犯 Hstefr t- fan^, A suspect. 

搜' :^; '狀 S(m、 soa"^ ckwa,tg\ Search war- 
rant. 

訟 flf Sung^ fci^. Costs. 
W yfi f\ Tivan^ toir l'ai ~. 
斷 機 Tu、 

XI. International Relations. 

外 交手腕 !「ai* chiao^ shou^ u,a"、. Di- 
plomacy. 

斷絕邦 交 T- 續 h,""、4n"g、 {kxvoa'') 

chiao\ Rupture of diplomatic relations. 
友邦 Yhf^ paft^\ Friendly powers- 
條約國 T'lacP- v'<^"* k-ivoCv. Treaty powers. 
無 i^J 阔 〃 V v''&4 kwoor. Xon -treaty po\ver>. 

Lcaiiiie of nations. 
巴狡一 fll 、待 3fi /V li} p'xng- he" hwet' !、. 

Paris Contcreiice. 
特使 T'e* Special envoy. 

公海 k'"ug、 hni\ High seas. 
居 iV? J 也 (、M、 liu^ "、. Concession ( foreign). 

權 f'^^ rh'ucfr. Turisdiction 
勢) J 範園 Shi^ /i' '/a"、 ii'cr. Sphere of 

influence. 

^iJ^V"} S/ii* /i* p'lfi^^ chiin^ Balance of 
power. 

中立 (7〃〃/,' 〃*• Neutral. 

vT.illl'llV C' 力 /〃/,' h、 "、 Neutral zone. 

8?ftr]l!lfeS Hwan'' ch'iift^^ /,* Buffer 

St.lti- . 

JSS M % /W (〃'*. Reservations (as in 
treaty). 

* 惠敏 約秋 Tszvfi' hurt' kuoa' 
々,:"〃[,. Most favored nation clause. 

《中 f'( 約 ^ '力〃 w《 * /-、,"' ' f、 rao - i ur V i 

fiih)4.Vii^^¥'} 々•'", mint^ <haN' 

/,/" ('二 j"f,*. Arbitration treaty. ) 

條文 T^iao^ uen-. Text of treaty. 

'iiftt T、"".g、"?. Despatch 

^ ff) k% f 11 'h"、 ^on^ /if". T*t conclude a 
scpa rate peace. 

Sftift Ja,tg、 To concede (; ^6 privileges). 



斩名詞 



SUPPLEMRNT. 



XII. Medicine, the Practice or 
Profession. 

船 " ch、mtni. Hospital ship. 

院 chapi^ />ing、 yuen\ Field 

liospital. 
5f ;tK ch'zvang'^. Stretcher. 
*?.^yS-»10ili y^o^ chi、 sh'i、 Apothecary. 
^1 Chi *. A dose. Suffix added to 

name of drug or chemical compound, as 

炎酸 frt 《、 swan^ chi\ carbonic 

acid gas. 

手 術 Shflu^ sh"、. Surgical operation or 
treatment. 

rfn f 治根 fTsiic^ ch'ing^ ck? liao^. Trans- 
fusion of blood. 

注財 Chu~ s/ii、. To inject hypodermically, 
an injection. 

流行病 人7"2 hsingi ping\ An epidemic. 

^Wk^^BM /-///^ hsxng^ hsifig^ kan^ ntao^, \ 

西 ffC 牙之! gli 胄 Hsii pafi" yd" M、 kan^ [ 
mao\ Spanish influenza. ) 

炎 Yien'^. Fever, added to other words 
as suffix, as below : 

肺炎 Fei* yien\ Pneumonia. 

rfk) 楚 ///2. Blood poisoning. 

^Sffl^tt ch'wafr hstng^. Hereditary. 

神条 7- 系 Shen'^ cht,tg、 hsi^. Nervous system. 
脈 luug^ moa*. Arteries. 

靜! Ch!ng、 moa^. Veins. 

*t、i^ isanjr^. The heart (also used 

figuratively ― the middle of anything). 

XIII. Trade or Commerce. 

工商 事^ A'" 〃尸 skang^ s/ii* yze\ Trade. 
1^ ftl 7 si* yizr mao^ Free trade. 
貿易 Ptio》 力" * z*. Protection of 
trade. 

tfe 所 Ch、 angS soa^. Trading post. 

Sh'i^ ch'ang^. Market for goods. 
X)® Kung^ ch'anc^. Shop, factory (used 

as suffix after name of trade). 
商 Shang^ tie,A Store, 
f^^pff Ying^ vie* sod\ Shops, 
g 余 Hwoa^ is" ang^, Godown. 
職工 Chf' k"ng\* Employees. 

^n'A'"} Apprentices. 
生產 費 Shing^ ch, an、 fet^. Cost of produc- 
tion. 



fff ](if Hsiao^ fei^. Consumption oi goods. 
孝額 C/ !、 fi. Output, 
glj^ij^ Fu" sheng^ w"\ By-product. 
Xim A'ung^ p 、!" \ Manufactured articles. 
商 S,icing\ p、in\ Goods. 
投^ T'ou^ piao\ Bid or tender for con- 
tract. 

投機 T^ou^ cht^. To speculate. 
托拉斯 T'oa> la> s'j^. Trust, 
nt 政 舰 Ts、 ai'^ ching^ kwan^. Financial 
outlook. 

|g{f Tsung^ hafig'^. Head office. 
分; {于 P?n、 hang'^. Branch office. 

所 Twei^ hwan、 soa^. Exchange (the 
buildings 

金融 Chin^ jung^. Financial ; circulation 
of money. 

利率 Li、 iU" Rate of interest. 
CZ/V* v'V, A contract. 

資 4 Tst^ rhi9t\ Capital. 

擔 [5^ Tan^ pao^. Guarantee, to under- 
write, to insure. 

投资 T、 (ml is't \ To subscribe capital, 



經 濟信用 Chi"g、 chi^ hsin* Credit. 

#pt^I< f^'wai^ chi^ nien^ Fiscal 
year. 

* 帳 (fl 長〉 員 Ch、 (i^ chang^ yuen\ Auditor. 
銀 m Hsi7i ' yin ^ V wan \ The New 
Consortium. 

XIV Revolution, Reform, Etc, 

武 漢起義 〃'"3 ,■、 〃; V" i devolution 
of 1 9 1 1 . Downfall of Empire, found- 
ing of Republic. 

癸 3fc 之役 *A'z£;"3 ^^.^,^s cki、 i\ I p . ... 

It 寧事 $g Kan^ ning^ ski' pic7i\ \ KeDeilion 
of 19 【3. Hwang Hsing's attempt to 
gain power. 

雲 f« 首義 画 1 s/io"s t\ \ devolution 
of 1916. Yuan Shi K'ai's assumption 
of imperial power. . 
恢 S 共和 Hivei' fn' Icnng^ hf'. ) „ , " 
馬廠誓 Bili Ma^ ch^ut^r'^ sht' shx\ \ devolution 
of 1918. Chang Hsiin's Midsummer 
Moon Monarchy. 



* llsin* bai* and Kwci* ch'ou" 
of year. 



Cyclical numbers 



Sum.KMKNY NEW 



護法 Hu^d?. To uphold law. 

新潮 ck、 ai?. Renaissance. 

iSti^ Kai^ tsao^. Reconstruction. 

M 放 Chi^ fa"g、. Emancipation (as of 
wuincn, laborers, etc.), to emancipate. 

JSf 女参攻 F"、 ts\in^ ch/^ng^. Women's 
participation in politics. 

文 學革命 〃 '&」 hsiie' min^\ Educa- 
tional rcfuruK 

tft -^RM Tiuig^ kwod^ yw". National 
language. 

XV. PotiTicAL Parties. 

Note ― It is difficult to wxnxt these new parties, as the 
watchword S'-ems not to be some priiici^jL advocated but 
the name of some locality oi leader. 

黨魁 TiiNt^ k'lvei'^. Leader of party. 

武人派 \Vu^j^n'p'ai\ The Military party. 

文治派 膽 chi、 p'ai\ The Civil Govern- 
ineiit party (oppose 1 to ab )'"•). 

安瀕 fft?^ 部 '力 &i pu、 Northern 
party, led by 王揖^1|^ 徐 樹^, 敏 ^^、 
Wang ' n 7a,ig \ Hsii Shu * Shing\ 

研究系 c,"u、 ks !、 

Led by 啟超, 休]^民, Liang' 
Ch、 t、 Ch'ao^, Lin' L'hang^ Min^, Hsiung^ 
Ns r Ling^. 

攻 舉& Ching * hs 'iie'^ hivei ^ Southern 
Party, led by 機, 章! 谷《€ 秀, 
7V》〃2 c/i'un' IIstun\ Chan^' Sh'i、 Lhao\ 

勞 LaJ^ nung- hivei^. Federation of 
labor. 

隐派 KwfCht,i、. I The Bolsheviks 

iii^flT^t Ch、i、 wet^ cJiioi\ The " Reds ". 
li fifi A 〃 2 ch , M ta n Whigs 
*Slu9i '""d' "、 "i、 De- 

mocracy. 

艇攻 府熏 ll'ii'Jiing'fu^ ianj^\ Anarchists. 

XVI. Socii;ties AMD Clubs— Trans- 
action OK BUSINUSS. 

TJ^f^ Ch*ani^ hwet^. Regular sessions. 
ij||ti^% 舻 ki"g、 <* Substitute 



TRRMS i5V 



XVII. Societies and Clubs 一 Members 
AND Names. 

會正 Hwei> ching^. President. 

理事 Ia^ shi^. Director, business manager. 

Chii^ jen^. Head mana"'er. 
^員 Wei} yuefr. Member of Committee. 
委員長 /Ft,z, vnetr chang^. Chairman of 
same. 

If- 判!^ p' an 4 v'lwn Umpire or 

jiidi^e in debate. 
基 k 敎秋 ( ,力" Z"' ihni' kwo¥ 

t'wan\ Christian Save - the - Cuimlry 

Society. 

Note.— Jt Chang, and [\ yiieu' are much used as 
suffixes in many combinations. 

XVIII. Sociology. 

開明國 K'ai^ ming^ kwoa'. Enlightened 

nation. 

宇,! 國 k\u^ mhig^ kwoo'. Semi- 
civilized or enlightened nation. 

勞 Lao^ (s'z\ Labor and capital. 

#t 交 Sh》 chiao、 Social intercourse. 

f'f:t^ 服称 Sh》 hwei^ ftr wi,. Social service. 

^ 5iK P、 yuen^. Home fur poor 

children. . 

生活 HI Sh^ng^ kwoa'^/t'iy Cost of living. 

谷 Per head, everyb^jdy. 

出 Ch 、"乂 shhtg^ ^. Birtl) rate. 

glj Fu * yie *. By business, secoiulary 
occupation. 

牧签 Aft4"is"\ Cattle-raising. 

園稱 ]'uen^ I*. Gardening. 

A'ovd 2 t々/ 2. Nationality. 

師&里 ShV /an* li^. Model settlement. 

XIX. The Individual. 

fl^ \ S'i^ jen'. Private individual. 
AH 性 A? hsing^. Individuality. 
tJUtl*: Chi、 hsi,t.g、. Instinct. 
性 ftB Hsing^ "ht.g'i. Sense. 

Zr〃/"'i kan^. Sensation. 
他覺 T,d、 ihiie^, Percejitiun. 
覺 "f/i Chue'- "'/'*• Consciousness. 

inciilality. 
趙向 C V/'m' huanji\ Tendency. 



IS 倉 



新名詞 



SUPPLKMRNT. 



贫任' Tsf jin^ hsin\ Sense of responsi- 
bility. 

義移心 " wu《 hstn ^ Fidelity, faith- 
fulness. 

待久力 Ch'P chiu^ li\ Endurance. 

XX. Rkligion, Forms of Beuef and 

Unbeuef. 

母會 A///3 hwei〜. Mother church or society. 

公 * A'"〃, hzvei^. Church congregation. 

中^ 基' ^ 敎 W 合會 Ch""g\ hiva chi' /"I 
chiao* hen 丄 hwei^. Christian Church 
of China. 

Hsi?t * ksin ^ hwei、 Apostolic 
Faith Mission. 

友愛會 Yii^s ai* kufei\ Church of Brethren. 

夏令會 Hsia、 ling * hwei\ Summer Con- 
ference. 

非信徒 hsin、 eu\ Infidel. 
Shefi^ hiva!^. Myth. 

XXI. Religion, Okficiai.s, Ordinances, 

ETC. 

敎 會司 Z'i (協會 Chiao、 hwei、 sV ksieJr 
hwei Associated Mission Treasurers. 

中 華歸主 it'Iift Chung^ hivd^ kwei^ chu^ yun"^ 
tung^. The China for Christ Movement.. 

星期 l^jiii //、7'〃,f 1 chH^ pii、 《a(A Evangel- 
ization week. 

m 人 Ifli id; 人 71 /》"2 Uio、 Personal work. 

♦ 禱湖 厶' tao^ Vxvan". Prayer circles. 
Ling- hsinK Spiritual culture. 

SI li\ j To ordain. 

^會 67/, "1 {or ch'oa*) hwet\ To excom- 
municate. 

敎皇廷 (宮) Ckiao、 hwanf ring' (kun^\ 
Tile Vatican. 》 

主 敎座堂 Chi^ chiad" ^sod* i' aftg\ Cathedral. 

敎 之, 內閣尋 Chiao' hwang" tUnf chi' 
ke' yuefv. Cardinals. 

司録 Si" toar. Roman Catholic priests. 

^n"n Sk》,《 p、i "丫 Holy Orders. 

ff^ Hwei"" change , Priest (Anglican 
Church). 

* 吏 Hwei^ Deacon (Anglican Church). 
道者 Hwfihao、 ckod"". Evangelist. 
H7vei^ tu\ Bishop (M. E.) 
TV chia,ig、. General (Salvation 
Army). 



司令 .S7, Commissioner. Salv Army, 
iE Ch—、p"ig、. Soldiers ,, ,, 
副 S F"、 p"ig、 Recruits ,, 
|4!>7 ^ Lien'' Ini- pwg\ Cadets „ ,, 
lijj ?-? jijf Lien^ /isr sod^. Training College, 

(Salvation Army). 
^A '^^Pt^ Chun^ jitr chUng^ nien^ hwei、 

Naval Y. M. C. A. 
JK^iQ i'ang^ U\ To dedicate a 

church. 

堅振禮 Chien^ ch^pt^ li\ Confirmation. 
大森 7a* chat" chieK \ . 

春 季大? If Ch、 chi、 ta" ckaiK \ 



'Other officials of Salvation Army titles like those 



P 133 



XXII. Education, 一 General Plan. 

截: 敎声 Chi- yie" chiaJ" yw*. Industrial 
training. 

皮校 Yie^ hsia(A Night schools. 

S& 工學校 Ch? kung^ hsi'ie' hsiao^. Indus- 
trial School. 

戚化院 I^an^ hwa^ yucn^. Reform School. 

函投 ^ Han- s/iou* k^i^. Correspondence 
Scliool. 

辯論 lun^ hwei^. Debating Society. 
4^ 昼聯合 f? 仏" shetig"^ lien" hwei". 

StiuleiU Union. 
基 督敎敎 育會 Cki〜 t"、 chiao^ chiao、 yii* 

hwei^, Chinese Christian Educational 

Association. 
墓 ff 敎學校 聯命, 甲 tii\chiaoUisue' 

hsiad^ shi^ yie^ lien- he' hifei *. Christian 

Student Woi k Union (of Peking). 
校舍 Hsiao" sheK School house. 
校盆 Hstad^ chien^. Proctor. 
校友 Hsiao^ yiu^. Alumnus. 
生徒 Sheng^ i'u'-. Pupils, students in school. 
學量 Hsii? t'upig'. Small school children. 
% 宿生 Chi、 su* sheng^. Boarding pupils. 

Pa^ k'e^. Students* strike. . 
; !匕大 Pei^ /a*. Tlie National University of 

Peking (abbreviated from 北京 大學校 ). 
高師 A^ao^ s/"、 Peking Higher Normal 

School (abbreviated from 高等 師範" ^校) 

XXIII. Education, ― Practical Work. 

塞假 H("t'i ckia\ Winter vacation. 
哲 士 Ch》、 hsile' poor sh'i\ Doctor of 
Philosophy, Ph.D. 



SUPPLRMKNl*. 



NEW TERNfS 



159 



祌學 f 并士 ShSn: hsue^ poa' sk'i^. Doctor of 

Divinity, D.D. 
古物學 K"A wu^ hsue^. \ 
考洤^ K'ao^ ku^ ksUe. ] 
Uilfvtk Yieti' Chiang 卞, 
la 體 AV eP, Solids. 
液體 Yie^ iH\ Liquids. 

Gases. 
Literary work. 



Archaeology. 
Elocution. 



Technical terms. 



氣體 Ch'i' 
文^ VVen^ i\ 

術 》r£ y 'xv 

4 門名 Chwan^ mhv 

mi>ig- (sr ) 
,髏 C/"'' Organism. 
元子 yiien- is'i^. Atom. 
•j^^ 系 T,ai"^ ya^ijr- hsi、 Solar system. 
%yy Ui aH、 hsien^. Coast line. 

IftzJl'ifiJf ^wan^ //戶 soa^. Meteorological 

station. 

tiS 本 Piad^ pOn^. Specimens, as of Zoology, 

Butany, etc. 
校 -ff/J- Moa~ hsing^. Models. 
J^-^ 本 Hwoa- yi^ p^n^. Loose leaf note 

book. 

造尺 平制 y!rtg2 tsad' cKi" k'u* p'inf 
i hi、 . Standard weights and measures. 
( Foot used in 9^ 造 construction and 平 
scale used in Treasury.) 

jSS M 權 通制 H,a"4 kwoa- ch^i'ien- /// t'un^^ 
ih'i^. Metric system. [All nations 
(weights) jj^ (measures) common system. J 

Af'fi^ J^i 丄 chung'^ hs'\ie~. Ethnology. 

XXIV. Language. 

死; 111) S'i'^ ts"i'. Dead language. 
活,: lij Hwoa^ is^'P. Living language. 
»i (I't^ yi'i^ hsiie^. Philology, 

^jc f'l 4- Shi'Hg^ yin^ hsiie~. \ Science of 
^ Fa、 yin^ hsiie^, | Phonetics. 

^,„'V Kwoa- y'xi^. National language, col- 
loquial. 

國"' i 统一 f^woiy yni" fun^ iK Standard- 
ized national language. 
|jj If KwoCr yi'nK Standard proimnciatiun. 



{or /""• 
注音宇 (9: a"t、 yin' 
/si* 

S^ltj: Sh ―、 "I "a. Initials 
介 fij: ('hte、 niti^. Mcdials. 
lUt^ YHh^ mu^, Final^i. 



Phonetic Script. 
(Tlie symbols arc 
of three classes, 
as follows. ) 



. -. - / Additional symbols fur 
多乂〃 . . ) local dialects. (Used 

r^S^?fg:/"«V^'<in printing for those 
額" ( over 30 years of age). 

詞頼 Ts'V" lei、, Composition of words, 
Etymology. 

剖典 Ts i^ tien^. Dictionary. 

語法 Yii^ fa^. Grammar, (the science). 

3t|t Win^ iien^. Grammar (the book). 

語 ■!§ 文 《,P w^tr. Siinplified written 
style. 

臼 JS, hwa、 s/t'iK Poems in colloquial, 
t?; 點 號 Ptao' tien'fir hao\ Punctuation 
marks. 



Comma. 
Periud. 
Colon. 
Semicolon. 
Intcrrugalion point. 
hao\ \ Exclamation 



點號 Tie") hao\ , 
句號 Chii" hao\ . 
冒號 Mao^ hao\ : 
分號 fhi' hao\ ; 
問號 lVe,i"ta(A ? 
fiSPf 號 Ching\ r 
point. 

引號 h〃3 hao\ L HH Quotation marks. 
夾注號 Cy"a、 c/iu' hao\ ( ) [ ] 

Parentheses. 
删節號 Skan、 chit- hao、 ': Ellipsis 

marks. 

破 t 厂 f 號 had". ― I Dash. 

? 丄名號 Si' miuf hao\ 李 5 If Mark tu 

indicate proper names, 
ffi 名號 Shii\ m"ig: hao\ | Mark to 

indicate name of book. 



Note. When printed in horizontal lines, these marks 
arc put uncU'r the characters I'l queslion , when \\\ vertical 
columns, they arc at the right liarni 



^raph code. 
oi thg signals. 

XXV. TuE Press. 



New tele- 
New system 



通(^社 rt"!g""i""," 叱 Associated Press 
遇 fIJ C/iou^ k an 



遇报 r/,"'i>^"t/ } Weekly paper. 



^tU Foreign papers. 

^f\\j^ Fn^ k\vt^ ts'r. liUrodiiction (to 

book or first issue of periodical), 
j^jj 厂'" "-' hu'a、. Interview 、; is u£ re- 



160 



新名詞 



SuPPLEMENt* 



劇本 C/"i* ph!*. \ A play as printed, a 

脚本 Chiaos l>i,td libretto. 

附件 I'、"、 chie>i^. Ap|)endix. 

大, 預报 T、te"、 (h? pao\ Weather 

forecast or probabilities. 
$(^^报1?^ Ch'i^ hsiang'' pao^ kao\ Weather 

report. 

再版 Tsat*J>an^. New edition. 

XXVI. Philosophy. 

哲理 a"》 li\ Philosophy. 
人生舰 J" 卩 shhig^ kwan^. The philosophy 
of life. 

純 理, ChUor li^ /isile'^. Metaphysics. 
理, tS.J^ LP hsiang^ kivan^. An ideal. 
絶 對之美 C/iiie'"^ tzvei'' ch'i、 mei\ Ideal 
(adj.). 

幻想 Hwan"m(uig\ Illusion. 
原理 Yiia>r Principle. 
5tt^ ffsien^ H\ Precedent. 
概 |& Kai^ lun^. Summary. 

Y'li^ chou^ /"w*. Cosmology. 

XXVII. European Civilization, ― 
Amusements, etc. 

游慈贫 Yin t'4 hwei\ Entertainment. 
演 】,/>〃3 /'^7;/". Lecture platform. 

II "hit^l!^] Theatre in foreign style. 
幻燈 Hwan《 i^ng^. Kinematograph. 
影片 Ying^ /'/WA Photographic films. 
唱 if Chhutg^ ften*. 1 Phonographic re- 
話 片 Hwa^ p、ien\ ) cords. 
隊球 TweiA ch'hr. Volley ball. 
兵 球 iftg^ p^ong^ ch、iu\ Ping pong. 
游 4 f 演 li 免 hsing^ yien^ shwoa}. Street 

lecturing (as by student groups). 
5^ 天演^ L"、 t、 yie?i^ shwoa\ Street 

lecturing at stated times and places. 



European Civilization, Posts 

AND Com MUNICATIUNS. 

航络 Hang' kUtng^, Aerial navigation. 

4t'$ 郵務 Hang^ k、 u"gi yiu^ w "吣 Aerial 
postal service, 

飛機 嫩 Fei^ chi^ cJCang^. Aerodrome, han- 
gar. 

飛: Fei^ hsmg^ ck、i\ Flying niacliine. 



制勤機 ChV tung^ chi\ Brake. 
^tSBifi Fei^ chi、 shi 、- Aviators. 
'zJ^ 屮 aSit K'ung' Chung' t 、!? tao\ Ele- 
vated R.R. 

便班道 Oi^ing^ pien^ t^ie^ tao^. Narrow 

gauge R. R. 

Stvei^ tao^. Tunnel. . 
路線 Lu"tsie》i\ Line, as of R.R. 
幹路 

g 線 Kcui"is"'n、 
支線 Chi hsie"\、 Branch Ime' 



I Main or trunk line. 



R.R. land grant each 



} 



Express 
train. 

Special train. 



沿線 Yiept^ hsie"、 

side of track, 
ifi: 行列亨 Chi' hsifig'' lie" ch'S\ 
,車 K、 ch^ 
臨 列車 Lin、hh'HieUk、i\ 
jSM^x Chia^ ch 、& 

逸 jji r t"ig、 ck 、&. Through train. 
fiW, Oi i^ chi、. Steain engine. 
Ch、i、 Steam whistle. 
車 Ts'i^ tun^^ ch,g、 ( Motor car; (last 
摩托: ic Moa^ i'oa} c/i'iK \ term translitcra- 

( tion). 

司機人 Chi' jhi'. Chauffeur, engineer. 
自動艇 丁"、 iung^ Pin^. Motor boat. 
帶水人 TaiS,meiMh《\\ p., , 
引港的 Yin' chianf ti\ ] ^lot- 
Vr&i^ Fa《 pd^ tiK Breakwater. 

i 管 f^o": pi(io、 Buoy. 
無換' *EIS h"en 乂 tiefi" hwa\ Wireless 

telegraphy. 

XXIX. European Civilization ― House, 
Food, Cwtiung. 

理髮館 Li^ /a^ kwan^. Barber's shop. 
水塔 Shwet^ Z,"3, Stand-pipe. 
塞 門特泥 Scti、 min^ ni\ \ 
水泥 Shwet、 ni\ S Cement. 

洋》 Yafig^ hwei^. ) 
力 U 素 油 Chia^ s"* hen^ yuiK Gasoline. 
石 flips': 由 Sh'r nad^ yui^, Paraffinc, 
Hsiang^ chiao^. Rubber. 

Chta? hsiang"^ ya-. Celluloid. 
T'ai' f/i, 咨 Platform scales. 
安 樂椅子 卢"' I 麥 A 、凡 Rocking chair. 
H Lipi^ c/ii^ piao^. Radiolite watch. 



Supp 乙 EMnwT. 



NEW TERMS 



161 



接水瓶 Nwan^ shwei'^ f>、ing\ Thermos 
bottle. 

gj 贫物 Fi4、 s/if Condiments. 

尝料 Van^^ liao^. Nutriment 

^11 Shr liao\ Food stuffs. 

飮料 Ytn^ liao、. Beverages. 

飼 j4 St' liao\ Fodder. 

燕尾股 yien^ ivci^ fu^. Swallow-tail coat. 

矢& TV shou\ Sash over shoulder to hold 

insignia of rank. 
倾結 U"《 chie\ Necktie. 

rjl Chien} chin^. Shawl. 

XXX. Unity and Regularity, and their 
Opposites. 

同 冬 滾 T, "ngi )mn£\ Equal, like. 
777;/' f/r. Separately, single. 

[ji] 八'7〃/,卩4 t'un^-. Co-operation, 
集合 Chi" h^. Collective, combined, to 

assemble, as troops. 
混合 Hun^ hf\ Mixed, conglomerate, to 

combine. 

融^0 Ji"ig 飞 hf, ) To amalgamate per- 

同化 T'ung- hiva^ \ fectly, assimilation. 

部 /V. This character combined with 
others as suffix indicates : ― 

全部 Oiikeir pu^. Entire, an entity. 

; ggr> Chir pH\ A portion. 

局 Jjj; 的 Chii^ pu" Local, specialized. 

內 Nei、 pu、. Interior. 

前都 Ch、ien、i、 Anterior, front, 

後部 Ifou、 pu\ Rear. 

大 i 教 TV/A" Large majority (not 

confined to meetings). 

多 A larp;e amount. 

全 tt Ch*Hen^ liang^. The entire amount, 
the sum total. 

片移 P 、! w"、. One-sided, partial. 

&备 Ch'en^^ fdn\ Component parts, con- 
stituents, ingredients. 

XXXI. Positive, Negative, and other 
Adjectives. 

絕大 a"t(^ tay Greatest. 

多大 To\ /n*. Huge, enormous. 
一般 All, universal. 

jgf^^j Luc hsingi. Prevalent. 
典正 Chht} chcng^. Real, genuine. 



鼴滑 Yuen^ hwar. Easy. 
有^ yV"3 /ist'no^. Efficient, in force, 
^flg fC & ncug'. Possible. 
《可能 A/* k'^ ning^. Impossible. 
Wk'^ IVir hsien、 chi\ Unqualified, un- 
limited. 

最後 (終) Tswei^ kou^ (or c/iurrg^). Final. 
%-fl Shf Real, unequivocal, really. 

XXXII. Time, Place, and a few 
Abstract Nouns. 

$間 fC、ung\ chien^. Space. 

時間 .S7/r ckien^. Time (not confined now 
to time in the abstract, but used also of 
definite portion, or leisure). 

及歴 Hsia^ /t\ The Chinese Calendar* 

年度 Nictv /"*. Year. 

東 C/"2 tung\ The Far East. 

1^1^ Chv- wu\ Function, sphere, service. 
/en* wu\ Responsibility, use, func- 
tion, 

職役 C/ir i\ Official duties. 

實狀 Shf chwan^'^. Condition. 

度 and 率 z"* and shwnt、 or /m* arc often 
used as suffixes in forming abstract nouns 
indicating amount, measure, or degree, and 
S for number or bulk. 

|t^]^ Oir "t、. Limit, the record. 

JjjjSc Kiw、 hi\ Ilei-ht. 

長度 Ch\xftg- fu\ Length. 

熟皮 J〔'、 Heat, ardor (figurative). 

密; I \ Density 

深度 Shrn^ tu\ Depth. 
%\t S"、 tu\ ) 

速冷 i 5;/' lu\ \ Speed, velocity. 
速力 S〃* li\ ) 

Chi、 h{nig、. Mass. 
教 4 Shii^ !i(m,g\ Number. 

很 tt Chun^^ liatt^^. Weight. 



• NoTt.— Now used in apposition to HI S because 
1^ Jg has rather an inauspinous sou nd. Thf first f<M,r 
dynasties used four different reckoning; <; . the H used the 
reckoning followed m pi csrnt,— tlT* 商 ufcd the prc<;ent 
轤月 a$ iheir £ 月, Ml commenced the vrar with 
the vernal fquinox, airi 秦 used our tenth month as the 
br^inninit I'rnm the 'lynasty on. the Chinese have 
followed the idea of ConfiKius, 行 霣 之 1^ 



162 



新 名 詞 



SUPPLEMENT. 



Mutual Relations in Feeling 
OR Action. 

待遇 yu\. Treatment ; to treat. 
接 i£ C/"e、 c/tin\ Contiguous. 
親切 Ch、in、 ch、 Intimate connection, 
jj [助 ///" r//«*. To render mutual assis- 
tance. 

反 F(uf、 kan^. Animosity, resentment. 

接糊 67〃? To encounter. 

抵 (牴, m 解 ch]oa' {or M,"M. To 
conflict with, to infringe upon. 

刺代 Ts、 chP. Incitement, stimulus. 

吸& ' shou^. To attract. 

沫通 Liii- tun^\ Interchange. 

励力 C/,w3 〃*. Action (in contra- 

distinction to following term). 

反動力 Fan^ tinto;^ /i*. Reaction. 

助力 (,,!"、 Help, assistance. 

對象 Tivei、 hsiang^. The other party, 
opponent. 

當漆人 Tn",i^、 shi'^ Jen\ A party, as in a 

contract, a suit, etc. 
讕人 T、iaoHSn\ An arbitrator. 

XXXIV. Mutual Relations, 
Ceremonies, etc. 

勞動 (工) 紀念 B Lao' tun^' (or kung^) chi' 
niett^ Labor Day, 

National Disgrace 
Day. Fifth 
mouth, seventh 
day Anniver- 
sary, when China 
acceded to the 
demands of Ja- 
pan. 

五四 紀念日 lV""^s'i、chiLn!cn、ji\ Fifth 
month, fourth day Anniversary ( 1919), 
when Peking students made hostile 
demonstrations against pro-Japanese of- 
ficials in the Foreign Office. Feeling ran 
so high that a paper was published bearing 
the name 五 七, and articles, as cakes of 
soap, ink, etc., bearing these characters 
were sold as mementoes. 

5® 年&念 F! Cho"\ nierr cht、 nicn^ //\ 
Anniversary. 

植樹 ffj Oir 'sku、 chi 队 Arbor Day. 



國 恥紀念 n Kwohh、i》 

五七 紀念 R IVu^cA'i' 
cki^ nien^ ji^. 



下水) jig Ifsia^ shweP !i\ Ceremony of 

ship-laiinchinj^. 
^%ff WW (s'an^ hivei^. Formal evening 

banquet. 

送 S'lt^ Sung^ pif- hivei^. I Farewell mcet- 

餞 S'iS C/ue//* pie' kzvet^, S ing. 

蜜 1^ Mi、 yi'ie^. Honeymoon. 

银將 Yifi^ hufi\ Silver wedding (other 
wedding anniversaries on same pattern). 

宣 "g Hsuen^ s/n\ Oath of office or allegi- 
ance. 

XXXV. Oppression and Vioucnce^ 
發资 (-,1" 一' To expose, to disclose, 
II {Explosion; to explode. 

破裂 P"(7d* ltc\ Rupture. 

侵犯 Ch、in\ fan\ To invade, to violate. 

反 Wei》,A To violate. 
5^' 者 Pa!^ chod^. Dictator. 
辣 fl!^ La* u,an、. Fright fulness, extreme 

measures. 
P^iiJC moti\ A plot. 
損 t SwnS sh'i、. Losses, casualties, 
决 ISi Chue^ iou\ Duelling. 

國賊 Kwoa" isei\ \ ^^""。^' 

XXXVI. View Point. 

內 Twei^ net ^ Internal, 
f^^rj, Twei* wai、. External. 
對 4 關係 Twei^ wai^ kwan^ hsi^. Foreign 

relations. 

面 P"!enSmen、. One-sided, partial. 

i 面 丄^ m!e,t、. Inside ; (now constantly 
used in wen li in opposition to 表 面). 

次耍 Ts^i^ yad^. Subordinate, secondary. 

對策 Twei、 ts'^. Attitude. 

職志 Chi" cm\ Policy. 

冷靜態 1^ Ufig^ ching' Cat' iu\ Non- 
committal. 

環境 Hwan- ching^. Environment. 

趟势 Ch'u^ shi\ Trend of affairs or of 
public opinion. 

限度 Hsiefi^ iii^. Necessary qualifications; 
standards. 

基點 Chi^ tien^. Base. 

交 Chiao^ tf'en^. Junction. 

焦點 Chiao^ tien^. Focus. * 



SCPPI.EMENT. 



NEW TERMS 



163 



點 tit'H^. Weakness. 
^(^〉 點 "、' (or niu^) Error, 
fallacy. 

爭點 Ckting^ tien^. Point of disagreement. 



To Okiginati?, Advocate, 
Oppose, utc- 

動因 T nng^ yin^. Originating cause. 

主 P| 飞者 Chw ch、 a,!g《 chodK An advocate. 

喚 'iil Ilwan' ch'i\ • To call for. 

r/,"、, hu\ To iiphuM 
^^jJO 7,/'〃/' thta^. To tal.c part in. 
默 許(;];2) ^fod'hsii^ {ov jeu'). Tacit assent. 
開後 /、'、("、 f(t、. To devcloi); development 

of character or country. 
開放 A'Wi To open (as to the 

public), 

開行 1 hsiftg^. To start. 

Fir sheK ' To construct (as R. R.) 
^築 Cluen^ chu^. To construct, to build, 

to manufacture. 
^ (fg C/iwano ^ p'ei^. To equip. 

Chwang'^ ch'i\ To insUill (as clectri- 
citv). 

答辨' 'fa- pien\ To rebut, to refute, 
frift T""m"o、 To abolish. 

XXXVIII. To Ri-KORM, Change, etc. 

改組 isu^. To reorganize, to rec' 、u- 

>ti ucl. 

改; 售 chin^. Progress. ' 

Tseng^ chin、. Progress ; to advance. 
H^t^ Fti、 chapi^. To cxtetvl; flevelupineiU, 
expansion, 

艇櫬 Cfd、 /isii*. To follow, to continue, to 
suLceccI ; succeeding, succos>ion. 

f( a. Jsun- tsai^. To c'、iuinue, to exist ; 
existence. 

Shn\Jir To bind. 

ik"^- K"、 Renaissance (if gooJ), re- 

cru*le>cence (if bad). 

XXXIX. To ACCOM PUSH, etc. 

Cht- hsing-. Execution; to execute. 

to perform official duties. 
^HWi I/sinjr- ,v 力 To can y out, to use. to 

exercise functions. 
運用 r"' yuptg^. To use, to carry out (as 

methods). 



窗) SfttXfsg、 ch' iie* {c'/iUf% To con- 
sult, to confer; a conference. 
1^'^ J>W cA'a^. To look into, to investi- 
gate. 

注力 67/ //*. To devote oneself, to help, 

to carry on operations. 
實?^ SA'r hsi'. To practise (an art). 
Sife J/"* chi\ To collect, to call in or 

out, to recruit. 
補允- Pu^ch'ung^. To supplement, to recruit, 

to reen force. 

XU. MI3CELI.ANE0US Nouns. 

耳 »1 權 Li^ c/i'iien^. Privileges. 

厂 Z"i'i:! ch'iit-n-. Special privileges. 
Wi" 魔權 F"、 skuhh、 'i'it"i\ Accessory privi- 
leges. 

必 7i} fifi P。 in^, Necessa ries. 

然 ll". iu\ Cliin、 clip /«3. Contraband goods. 
^l^A,', S/ie^ ch、'i、 p、i、t'、. ] Articles of 
? ^l^uu 仏" 0、 1 議、 p、 i"' , \ luxury. 

Tai 、 yung^ p、 1 vSitbstitute (for 
fitj^ij^i; Twei、 iai 入 zvu\ ) aiiotherarticle). 
fWl(J^ "、 An aim. 

^%}^ Cliien^ chtr ivu^. Structure, enter- 
prise. 

危險! I 勿 (Fl'/i hsien^ ?<'"■*. Menace, danger. 

Pv:frvI-^>!7 Chang^ ai* wu\ Obstacle, barrier. 

tJtiiii P"io\ chiK Distinguishing marks. 
Chi^ hsi a ft j^^. Traces. 
]^ Cfi'uefr we I Authority. 

[ijd'ii?; Kivoa- cWing'. National characteris- 
tics. 

慣例 Kwan^ li \ Usage. 

rv* Especial conditions ; char- 

acteristic, special. 
公安 Kuiti^^ anK Public peace or order. 
5:- 鑑 \/' n~ f/n't'H*, Amuul report. 
公 I 承 i 矿 1 hcur. Circular letter. 

Chi、 win^ .、'々"'■ Questionnaire. 
TV,"". Reply ^wntlen). 
□ yfl I、'、otP /W「 Oral communication; 
'"•ally. 

保 1?^ 八〃, ch^fij^r\ Giuiiantec. 
jVifVJ 八"' 1 〃"2. Keservationi. 
ilgHfl Yicn- 〃/,/'2. Postponement, 
li (;||) Chi、 Hnginecr. 
^ 人 Ch' tn^'^ j^fr. Lover. 
^ij A/od^ Magic. 



164 



新名^ 



SUPPUMIKT. 



氣象 Ch' hsiang^. Weather. 
4^jtg IVu^ p\w*. Noon gun. 

XLT. Short Clauses. 

k'rcapig^. In general. 
&調 Pu n^ fiao^. To change one's tune. 
失縱 !、 isuvg^. To lose trace of. 

(7//〃,i^' is'iijr. Struggle for existence. 
上 ShV~ chi^ shang^. In substance ; to 
tell the truth. 
资言之 Ch'i* vietr ch'iK In a word, to tell 
the truth. 

換言之 Hw;m、 yie"~^ chV\ In other wurds. 
維 持現狀 li'^'i'^' c/rr hsien'' , /iwan£*. To 

maintain the status quo. 
恢 (问) til'f? 、状 H 額、 (or hwei'\ A* yiitn^ 

thzvano^, Tu revert to type. 
^I&PflSS P"、 (Z/V'/f' w"、 /,/2. Out of 

tlie question. 
最後 之乎 J^;^ Tsu*ei* hnti^ chi^ shou^ iw.in*. 

I,ast revolt. 
五分滅 之熟心 fen' ch" "乂、 ihi' ji' 

/?"〃'. Temporary eiitli iisiasm. 
強權 卽是公 <J 屯 Ch'iang- ih' i'len- chi'' sht"^ 

kuno^ Ir, Might makes right. 
(A ,: 5:::)^ 發 W 之" _t 〃、? wet- fa' mi no' 

.■/.')' mir. Necessity is tiie mother of 

invention. 

理想爲 事實之 hsiang^ zcei- shi^ sh'i^ 
t/t's^ "t"s. 'i'he ideal is the luotlur of the 
realization. 

XIJI. A' Few Terms from Japan. 

武 t:53 //V .、-》i^"rt"*. Bushido. 

誠 J 紀 //i Id* To decline an offer. 

《中裁 Chung^ ts^at-. To arbitrate. 

XLIII. Terms Added in 19^1. 

Delay in republication makes possible the addition 
of a few more terms, not all new, however. Some, 
like many in the earlier edition, are old book terms, 
now come into common use iii newspapers. On the 
other hmd. newspapers now use many words always 
in the mouths of the people, but which now appear for 
the first time in print. These often have a greatly 
enlarged meaning, like Jft 捨 now used for any kind o( 
a rearrangement, and jj; ^-, thing, now including not 
only all objects between cast and west, but anything 
within the range of thought. N'cwspaper language 
also now shows the same facile change of a word 
from one part of speech to another, familiar to alt 
stndents of wfin-li. 

1P5 Is now sign of plural, not only of pronouns, but 
also of nouns, as 人 們, men, miiikinJ, (adj.) human. 



的 Is now much more in use than formerly, e.g., 
ill making aJjectives, as 的, mortal. |£ often 
takes its place as a sign of the possessive. 

I'ilce the terms already in the book, m.uiy of these 
idded ones will soon become obsolete, yet will be 
inicrcsting as laiulmarks of progress, showing the 
wonderful advai.ce in all directions, of this oldest, 
youngest nation. For instance, terms litr^inning 
with 新, or ending with 運!^ or -l^C 1^, are toy 
numerous to mention in this brief space. 

The arrangi-moiit of the following terms follows 
in incomplete fashion the orHtr of the rcit of tUf 
book 

III 廣 大眼光 Kwang^ ta^ yien^ kwang^. 

Wide vision. 
VI Chi"wet"—、 ch'ao\\ ^ 

X I 兌 、 i": /lang- ihi^ j 、 

on banks. 
Ml 制' 暴 i(S Hs!en、 、h" Chun' 

l<e、tricti')n of ; irifianients. 
太纠; 洋 會議、 T\xi\fing' V"" 夕 hivii^ 

Pacific C'>nfeience. 
華府會 //:*'"-• fi 節、 /*. VVkih- 

ing Conference. 
保 ^ 齦上 ih'i4fn' iiHi^' fu\ To 
preserve territorial inlcgrilv. 
XIII 標?^ I'iao^ chun'. Staiula'nl, fixed 
schedule. 
X\' li;^ 治 Mifr ch'i\ Democracy. 
Will 牛 K /''〃//: ntin'K The Peopl*. 

扠 父公妻 Ch\m^ pi^ kung^ (/ 〃人 Ab- 

olititm of family system. 
5iS 公 人 V: kuno' yU'. 

I *ul>lic rearing of children. 
自 til 餘, k 7:、" V7//- iiefi^ m、, Vxtt love. 
XXIV ^ /-a-> kim^^ shin' sh^n^^ 

Diii^nitv of labor. 
XXV ''ra\ She. (The plural 她們 
shows a distinct advance on the 
English, which lias no such word 
as shes i. 

^ Fu^. Woman, no longer the woman 
with a broom at her side, but the 
one who renders service (old form.) 
Chia、 Home, no longer a roof 
with a pig under it, but with thret 
persons under it (old form.) 

XXVI 明與理 mino^ chin' U\ S«lf- 
evident truth. 

XXXVI 新 人生親 Hshi^ jhi、 skeng'' kwanK 
A new viewpoint of life. 
XLI 飯碗問 Fan、 wan^ zven"^ i'i^. A 
quemon of bread and butter (th« 
rice-bowl). 



165 



Syllabic Index of the Neua Terms and Notes. 

In tlic followitij^ iiulcx the plirases are cIiaracltT. Letters with diacrid'c marks always 
alijlialictically anaii^'cd accm-diiig tu luiiian- fulli'w llic primary kttcr. Tin- mniilicib re- 
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iiiciicing with tlie same charactoi are arranged and tlic small luiniber at the corner, to tin- 
according to alphabetic sc'ineiicc of second j section of the same. 



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English Inde 乂 of fierja Terms 



In this index, the larger figures refer to the page number; the smaller indicate the 
column on the page, S refers to the Last Supplement, and the number above it indicates tli« 
section. 



Abbreviated, 




Administration, 

" building, 


& 


Agricultural world. 


l2 


Abdicate, 






Aid, 


104** 


Ability, 




" civil, etc., 
Administrative, 


8: 


,, by counsel, 


Abnormal, 




132' 


,, Society. 


37' 


Abolish, 


II, 


,, pow«r, 

Admiralty, 


夏 21」 


Aide-de-camp, 


14, 


" martial law, 


1342 


81 


Aim, 
" , definite 


100* 


Abolition family, 


s" 


Admire, 

Admission, ticket of, 


i4o' 




Abominable, 


83, 


70^ 


Air (manner). 




Abridged, 


Adopt gold standard, 


10^ 


Air-craft, school of, 




Abroad, ― to study. 




Adore, 


140^ 


Air-gun, 




Absent from roll-call, 


35' 


Adult age, 




Air-ship, 74I, 


Absolute, 




Advance, 39*, 107* 
of civilization, 


140' 


Alarm-clock, 76', 


monarchy, 


6' 




Alcohol, 




Absolutely, 




,, , line of, 
Advantage, 83 


1072 


,, dcnaturized, 

Algebra, 


76' 


Abstract, 


121* 


2、 86^ 


55 


Abstraction, 


,, , to takt a. of. 

Adventurous, 




Alien race, 


40- 


Academy, 


51* 


《V 


Alliance, 


79' 


Accent, 


58' 


Adverb, 




,, , offensive and 


Accept fas right), 


222 


Advertisement, 


defensive 




Accessories, 




Advice, practical, 




,, , to form 




Accomplish, 


IIO' 


Adviser to Government' 




All, 


s" 


Accordion, 


70' 


Advisory Council, 


f、 8* 


Allied powers, 


135' 


Account, current, 




Advocate, 


104* 


Allies. 14* 7Q^ 


Account, on a. of, 


118* 


Advocating, join in 




Allow, 


104' 


Accuse at law. 


510 


Aerated water, 


762 


All-puwerfnl, 




Achieve, 


no* 


Aeroplane, 


74' 


Alma Mater, 




Acknowledge, 


22* 


Aesthetics, 


55' 


Almanac, 


86' 


Acoustics, 




Affairs, 


I 【4' 


Altruism, 90,, 125*, 




Acquiesce, 35*, 


104' 
131* 


of importance, 


8。6 


Alumnus, 
Amalgamate, 


s« 


Acquired dexterity, 


" , government^ 




s" 


Act a i>lay, 


70' 


,, , look of, 


141" 


Amalgamated, 


79* 


Acting, 


II, 


,, , military, 




Amazons, Chinese 


37* 


Action, 


S" 


,, , present, 




Ambassador, 


22' 


,, liberty of. 


141* 


Affiliate, 




Ambition, 42-. 122', 




Actors, 


121, 


Affiliation, 


79; 


" mad, 8 J* 
Amend, 107、 




Acts of lawlessness, 


97' 


Affix signature, 






Active voice, 


59' 


Afforestation, 
After Christ, 


III 


Amended judgment, 




Acute (disease) 






America, 




Address, (of letter) 


73' 


Age of, etc., 




Anuiiunition, 




,, , (speech) 


69' 
140' 


Agency, 


104^ 


Amplify, 


140^ 


,, , opening 


Ages, dark. 




Amusements, 


69* 


'Adjective, 




Agree to a proposition, 




Analyze (Chemistry), 


137' 


'Administer, 




Agreement, coinmpn, 


90* 


II (Logic), 


67/ 



186 



INDEX 



Anarchists, 136*, S'" 


Arena, 
Argument, 




671 


Association, of porters, 1 18, 


And so on, 


63' 




Astrologers, 




Anglican Mission, 




,, from analogy, 


1 37- 


Astrology, 




Atihwei, 


87' 


Arise, 




J IO~ 


Atheists, 


45' 


Animal courage, 


43*1 Armament, 






Athletic Club. 


if 


Animal Kingdom, 


I* 


Armed peace, 




1142 


" meet, 


70: 


Animate 'rreation, 


552 


Armistice, 




16- 


Athletics, 


70' 


Aivmating purpose, 




Armored motor, 






Atmosphere (figurative), 86-, S' 


Animosity, 




Armory, 






Atom, 


55-, 


Anniversary 


534 


Arms, 




I 


Attache, 


22' 


Announce, 


xio- 


Army, etc. 




I j> 

、) 


Attack, 


S, 


Announcement, 


123' 


,, flag. 




16' 


Attain object, 




Annual report. 


s*。 


,• , regular, 






Attainments (scholarship), 54 


Annuity, 




,, Service Corps, 




* *T 


, all-round 
Attend a meeting, 


43, 


Anomaly. 


126' 


Army surgeon, 




l"U' 


35; 


Anonymous article, 


63' 


Arrange, 


42, 




Attendance, total, 


35 


Antecedent, 


I -'61 


Arrangement, orderly, 




80' 


Attention (military order), 17 


Anterior, 




Arrest, 






,, , pay particular 1 10' 


Anti-Chinese, 


33* 


, discover and 




072 


Attitude, etc. » 


100" 


Anti-foot-binding society. 




Arsenal, 






,, to, 


90: 


Anti-foreign, 




Art, 


2, 


12 V 


Attorney at -law, 


19, 


M ,, policy, 

Anti-Manclui party, 


3' 


" of, etc. 


32, 




Attraction, 


55, 




Art gallery, 




/u 


Attribute, ' 




Antiseptic, 


24' 


, objects of 




702 


Audicnco, go to 




Apostolic Faith Mission, 


S-" 


Arteries, 

Article (in Grammar), 






A udit, Board of 




Apothecary, 


S'" 






Auditor of accounts, 




Appeal to higher court, 


20' 


,, (in paper), 




"、) 


Auditorium, 


一 

力 


Appearance, loo^'^ 




Articles of agreement, 




I14» 


Auditors (audience). 




,, , external, 672, 
Appellate Court, 


100' 


Articles of luxury, 






Author, 




19' 


Artillery, 






Authority, to have 




Appellation, 


1 142 


Arts course, 






', , independent 




Appendix, 




" * fine 






,, , under 




Applaud, 93*, 


I041 


Asceticism, 






Authorize, 104-, 


1402, s; 


Applause, 


93"- 


Asia, ― Eastern, 




862 


Autocracy, 


3, 


Appoint, etc., 




Asparagus, 




76^1 Autocratic power. 


118 


Appointed by, etc., 




Aspect, ioo\ 




Automatic, 




Appoiiit:iients, 


133 


, main 
Asphyxiating bombi, 




loi- 


Automobile, 




Apprehension, 


122* 






Autonomy, 




Aporentices, 


S" 


Assassin, 






Autopsy, 


24* 


Approbation, 


1042 
I041 


Assassinate, 






Auxiliary Society, 


48' 


Approval, give public, 


Assayers, 




1 142 


" verb, 


58' 
54' 


Approve, 


1042 


Assemble, 




S,o 


Average (in study). 


Architects, 


SI 


Assimilation, 






Average, general 


I '4' 


Arbitrate, 


8"' Assembly, etc., 






,, (mediocre). 


139' 


Arbitration Tr^^ty 


S" 


Assistance, 




S» 


Averted, 
Aviation, 


n l' 

3* 


Arbitrator. 
Arbor Day, 


S" 
SM 


Associate member, 37* 
Associated Mission Treasurers. 


Archaeology, 










" , School of 


136, 


Ardor, 


g»2 


Associated Press, 
Association, Legal, 






Aviator, 


1、 


Arc-light, 70*, 


138^ 






Award, 


141I 


Ardent, 




,, of Aviate 




SI 


Aye (in voting), 


35' 



INDICX 187 


■ a 






Bell, electric, 


74'- 


Bolsheviks, 


Sw 






Belligerents, 




Bomb, 


16- 


B. A. 




55' 


Belong- to, 




Bond, 




Badi'-lor of, etc., 






Benediction, t'' pronounce 49- 


,》 , government 




Background, 




S3 


Beneficial effect, 


67- 


Books, to make 


6.r 


Bjckiiig, I 




Mil 


Best wishes, 


94' 


Botanical garden, 




Bacteria, 




24' 


Beverages, 




Botany, 


Bad, 




83-^ 


Beware of pickpoclccti, 141* 


Both sides, 


100 


Badge, 

" , soldier*! 




1141 


Bible-class, 


49' 


Bounds, 


lor 






Bible-woman, 


48' 


Bounty, 


16', 141' 


Badinage, 






Bicycle' 


74' 


Bow, (salutation) 


94' 


Badness, 




121^ 


Bid, (for contract) 




,, , (ribbon) 


139 


Bail, 




122^ 


Bill, (bank) 


9; 


Box at theatre, 


70 


Balance w»f power, 


22 


\ 


,, , (poster) 




,, Office, 


1 公 


,, , unexpended, 




2 尸 


" , (question before 




Boxers, 


if 


Balloon, dirigible. 






house), 


III, s: 


Boy Scouts, 


if 


Ballot, 




, 35* 


Billiani-hall. 


70% 13s' 


B'>'v('oU, 


22' 


, , box, 
Band (musicians), 




3。* 


BiHiards 




Brackets, 








Bimetallic staiulard, 


S'; 


Krai^'gadocio, 




, military 
Banishment, 




Bind, 


s,、 


Firakc» 






19" 


Biology, 


55' 


Brain power. 


43' 


Hank, 




27* 


Bii)Ianc, 


1 38 一- 


llrains, 


43' 


, , note, 


9'. 




Birth-rate, 


/-V 

to 


Branch line. R. R. 




,, , Postal Savings, 


12 【2 


Biscuit, 




office 


s" 


Raiilc, Savings, 




135' 


liishop, 




Braves, 




Uankniptcy lawi, 




122*- 


" ,(M.E.) 


S-' 


11: e:ik off relations, 




Banquet, 






Black death, 


24' 


Breakwater, 




Banter, 






Black cartridges, 


16' 


Brevet, 




Ha rbarniis. 






Blemis4i, 


TOl' 




13 


Barber's sliop, 






Blinds, 


76' 


Brii;ands, 


97' 


Barracks, 






Blockade, iii'^ 


"5', S" 


Rriiig forward a hill 




Barrier, 






Blood and iron policy, 




Flroail, (ill Tlie<>I*'gy) 


49' 


Barrister, 




19' 


Blood-poisoning, 




Broatl jump. 




Ba-^e or basis, 


i6〜 S«" 


Hloodslied, 


97'" 


Piroinlcast, to give 


no- 


Base, military. 


1351, 


Bloody brittle, 




I*.rown, 




Base-ball, 




70- 


Blotter, 


130' 


Brule force. 


97' 


Hask-et-ball, 




702 


Blow one's own horn, 


'32' 


P»iil)onic plague, 


»4- 


Balhiiig, sea 




135^ 


Blown up. 




Ru(l(ihism. 


45' 


Battalion, 






Blue book, 




Rud-et, 


9' 


Rattery, 






Board of, etc., 6', S', 


24'. 52:, 


1 Suffer State, 


S'» 


Baltle, bloody 




16^ 


1 21-, 




Build, 


S': 


•, ship, 






Board, si^ 


28- 


up, 


107' 


Bayonet, 




i6» 


" , (corporation) 6', 7*, 8\ 


riul'i^aria. 


139- 


Beastly, i 








52' 


null's eve lantern, 




Beer, 






Boarding-house, 


76' 


Buoy, 




Before Christ, 




85: 
42- 


,, pupils, 


52-, s 叫 


Bnrdeii, shoulder the 




Behavior, general 




Roat, torpedo, etc., 


i6- 


nnrdens, 


139- 


Boliind I he scenes, 






B dy ami soul, 


118- 


liiireau of, etc., 121', i ^2'*^ 


Belgium, 






, iliploniatic 


21^ 


Bushido, 




Belief, 


♦9', 


125' 


,, , entire 


36' 


lUisiness 




,, , frec<Ioni of 


30' 1 


Body-guard, 


14' 


,, manager, 


135-' s'. 



188 



INDEX 



• 

Business men, 




S' 


Carry into out, 




b 


Chair, (professorial) 
Chairman, 


52 


,, , proper 




1141 


,, through, 
Cars, steam 




110, 


37 


Butchery tax, 










. 1 yJ I ^ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 CC 

Chamber of Coininerce, 




Butter, 




76- 


" , train of 
Cartoon, 




138- 


- _I 

27 


By-business, 








63' 
134' 


Lhange, 


107 


By-product 




old 


Cartridge, 


xo', 


, , of costume, 




By-laws, 




• -.1 

35 


, , box, 
Case, to try a 




10- 


" " tune. 
Character, 










I351 


42' 


c. 






,, , (in Grammar) 
Last a vote, 




58-2 


„ , decision of 










^ , 


" , men of 
Characteristic, 


141' 


Labinet, 






Ca-le, 




I361 




meeting, etc., 




s- 


Casualties 






Characteristics, 




" ministers, 






Lataclysm, 




.1 

4 


,, , distinguishing 42 


D , O , 


1322, s:' 


Catarrh, 




135 


Charge for boanl, etc., 




v^&Dic, suDnidrinc 


73', 




Catechism, 




49' 
114'-' 


Chart, nautical, 




Laclets, (o. A.) 






Category, 




Chartered car, 


/ J 


Calendar, 31* 




Latnedial 






Chauffeur^ 


s" 


V^SLll lOr 






CatVpaw, 


121 


1, S3 


Check, 


y/ 


,, in or out, 




S3'.' 


Cattle raising, 








/ 


" meeting to order, 






Laucasian race, 




40' 


87- 


„ to arms, 




I 71* 


La use, 


4*, 67' 


Chekiang, 87-, 


I ^Q" 


,, 31 witness, 






,, and effect, 






Chemicals, 


122' 


,, , make a 
callings 




94' 


,, , final 




126' 


Chicanery, 


S'' 










125' 


Chief Executive, 


Laniera, 






,, , producing 






,, Secretary, 


8' 


Campaign, make plun 


of 




C;uise, remote 






. ,, of, etc., 

,, ,, General Staff, 
Chihli, 87s 


82 


Cancel, 




35' 


Cavalry, 




13"" 




Candidate, 




122' 


,, , light 




134' 


139- 


Candle power, 




55' 


Celebration, 




140' 
76' 


China, etc., 4、 86^ 12 3-, 


139', 


Canned goods, 




76'^ 


Leliar, 






Cannon balls, 




16- 


r\ 1 1 

Cells, 




I37I 


Chinese Amazons 、 


if 


Cannonading, 




135' 


Lelluloid, 






Chinese emij^i'ants, 


22- 


Canton, 




S72 


Cement, 




S-' 


Chit-book, 


139' 


Cap, foreign, 




76^ 


Censors, 




132'- 


Chocolate, 




Capacity, 






Censorate, 




132- 


Choir, 




Capital letter, 




58' 


Censorship of mails, 




s" 


Cholera, 


135' 


" punishment, 






Census, 




126- 


Christian (noun、 


4«' 


,, (in finance) 






Cent, 


10', 


133' 


" Church of China 


I, S-" 


, , , subscribedj 
Capitalist, 




27' 


i Central Administration, 


61 


,, Endeavor Soc., 








1 Centralization, 




6' 


" Literature Soc., 




Captain, 




1332 

73' 


i Centralized, 




79' 


,, Save Country 




Car, palace, 




Centre, 




100^ 


Society, 


S', 


Car, sleeping 




138」 


Century, 


86', 


139I 

140' 


Christian Science, 


122- 


Card, post 




10' 


Ceremonial dress, 




Christianity, 


45' 


Cardinals, 






j Ceremony, 93^ 
1 ,, of ship-launchiiig, 


Christmas, 


49' 


Care, to take 




no' 


1402 


Chromo, 


137* 


Caricature, 


1372 


i Certificate, marriage, 
1 ,, of st' ck, 




140I 


Chronic, 


135' 


Carriage, foreign 








1352 


Church, etc., 45, 46, S** 


Carry into operation, 






,, of honor, 
Cessation of hostilities, 




Cigar, 
Cigarette, 




oil enterprise, 


104-' 


i62 


„ " operations, 




, Chair, take tht 






Cinematograph, 


70' 



INDEX 



i«9 



Cipher, telegraphic, 


731 


Coast line 


S23 


Circles, (of society) 




Cocoa, 




ediu'at onal 




Code of l-TAVs 


122' 


" , governinent 


6' 


,, , new pciial 


2 


Pirciilar lot ter 




^^kt'v to nnlipr^ 
Co-cducatioii, 


i 


Circulating; library, 




0^ 


Circulation of money, 


Cognizance, to take 


II02 


Circumstances, existing 


100' 


Cohesion, want of. 




" , state of 
Circumstantial evidence. 




Cuin, etc., 


s« 


126- 


Coke, 


76' 


Circus, 


138' 


Col(l-bIo:ded, 


Citizens, 


12 2^ 


Cold-hearted, 




,, , to become Chinese 22^ 


Collection by mites, 




Civic Guild, 




Cullapse 




Civil examinations, 


s: 


Collect 




" gov't party 




Collective 




" Governor, i 




College, 


51* 


" law, 




" , electoral 


I321 


" Service Bureau, 


121- 


,, spirit, 


551 


,, suits, 




Colloquial speech, 58V S" 


Civilization, to advance 


1 17' 


" article, etc., 


622 


,, , decadence, etc. 39^ 


Colloquialism, 


58' 


" , European 
Civilized, 




Colon, 




39' ; Colonel, etc., 




Clairvoyance, 




Colonization, etc, 


392 


Clannishness, 




Colony, 


392 


Clap the hands, 




Combat, 




Clashing <jf opinions, 


90' Combine, 67% S"* 


Class, (of society) 


1' 


Come on the stage, 


s, 


^ , lower, etc.. 


39' 


Comedy, 


s' 


, official 
Class, (of students) 


6' 


Comic, 




51 = 


Comma, 




,, , Bible 


49' 


Command, officer in 


14- 


„ room, 


52' 


Commander, 


134I 


Clean out, 


III' 


of, etc., 
,, in Chief, 


13 


Clerk, 


37' 


134' 


,, in army, 




Commemoration Day, 


140' 


" of department, 
Climax, 


s- 


Commemorative mon- 




lOl' 


ument, 
Commending, to join in 


i3«' 


Clinical thernioiucter, 




104' 


Clippings, (newspaper) 


63' 


Comments, newspaper 


63' 


Clock, 


76' 


Commerce, 


27' 


Close succession, 


1392 


,, , Chamber of 


27' 


" a meeting, 
Closed to trade, 




,, , international 
ComuKicial law, 




22' 


135' 


Clothes, foreign, 


76-= 


,, world, 


39= 


Club, (a society) 


35' 


Commercialism, 


31 


, athletic 


yf 


Commission to office, 


1 1' 


,, , literary, etc., 
Clubs, Indian 


38' 


,, , to select and, 


1 1- 


70' 


Coinniisbioncr, 


S.、 


II , police 


114' 


of Customs 


. 9' 



Commissioner of Education. 



8- 
19' 



,, of Justice, 
,, " Salvation 

Army, S^' 

Committee, etc., 37^ 

Common agreement, etc., gcr 
,, sense, 43", 136 

Communication, to cut off 121" 

Communion, 139- 

Coniinunism, 39' 

Company, (business) 27' 

,, of soldiers, 13 

Comparative degree, 58- 

Comparison of adjectives, 58- 

Compel, 97I 

Compensation, 114' 

Competition in trade, 28" 

Complementary, 67" 

Complete, 83' ' 
,, course of study, 54* 

Complicated, 80^ 

Complimentary, qo, 
Component part, 80' S^' 

Compose books, 63" 

Composed of, 110' 
Composition of words, 

Compositor, 63" 

C'unpWsiun, 97* 

Compulsory education, 51' 

,, measures, 97* 

Concealment, S, 

Concede, S" 

Concept, 6/ 

Conception, etc. 2^ 

Concentrate energies, no' 

Concern oneself with, 90、 1 10" 

Concerned, not actively 22* 

Concert, in 93' 

(musical) 70, 

Concertina, 70' 
foreign 22\ S" 

63' 



Concession, torcicn 22' 
Concluded, 
Concord, 
Concrete, 
Concubinage, 

Condiments, S** 
Conditions, S" 
,, existing ioqI 
,, (requirements) 

etc. , too' 



190 



INDEX 



49', 



C«»nditions of treaty, 
Conduct, 
Confederacy, 
Cull federated, 
Confer, (consult) 
,, (degree.-) 
Conference, 

,, , General 

" , Peace 
Confession of Faith, 
Confidence, 

,, , worthy of 
Confidential, strictly 
Confirm by vote, etc., 352, 
Confirmation, 49 
Confiscate, 

Confiscate ammunition, 
Conflict, 

,, with, 
Confucian Church, 
Conglomerate, 
Congratulations, 
Congratulatory meeting, 
Congregation, 
Conjugation, 58,, 
Conjunction, 
Connected, 

,, with, 
Connection, direct 

,, , intimatt 
Consanguineous 
Consciousness, 
Conscription, 
Consensus of opinion, 

30' 

Consequence, 

,, , logical 
Consequent, antecedent, etc., 

126^ 

Conservative, 

,, attitude, 
,, Party, 

Conserve, 

Consider important, 
Consistency, 
Consolidate, 
Consortium, new. 
Consonant, 
Conspire, 
Constables, 
Constabulary, 



79' 

3SS S3'' 
49' 
38' 
49' 
136' 

ii82 

136' 
, S-' 

135' 
122' 

90; 

45' 

S3', 

93', 94: 

93' 

S'" 

137' 
58' 
79' 

139" 
90' 

362, s'。 
I341 



35Z 



90- 

67"- 

66' 



100- 

1232 

no' 
125I 

133' 



Constituents, 

Constitution, (of nation) 11^ 
,, of society, 35' 
,> , provisional 133- 
Constitutional .government, 6^ 
,, party 33^ 

Constraint, 97^ 
Construct, 107、 123^ S^' 

Construe, 137^ 
Consul, 22^ 
General 22^ 
Consulate, 22^ 
Consult, iio\ 

,, together' 139- 
Consuniers, 28^ 
Consummate, to 110, 
Consumption, (of goods) 28' 
,, , Pulmonary 

Containing, 100^ 

Contemplation, 43^ 

Contents, 100^ 

" , (able of 62' 

Contiguous, 9o\ S^:* 

Continent, new 139- 
Continuation Committee, 136^ 

Continue, S^^ 

Continued, etc. 63^ 

Contraband i^oods, S 化 

Contract, (noun) S*^ 

Contrary minded, 35- 

Contrast, 100' 

,, , points of 140- 

Contribuled articles, 63', 137- 

Contribution, etc. 9- 

Control, 97I, 1 07-, 12a- 

,, , under 80" 

Convene, 110', 122- 

,, , right to 30^ 

Convenient, 83- 

Convention, 35I 

Conventional, 107- 

Conversationalists, 12 

Conversazione, 70^ 

Converse, 94^ 

Conversion, 125^ 

Conviction, etc., 2'^ 

Coolies transported, 22- 

Co-operation, 79?, S;" 

Copper cent, 10^ 

Copyright, 63" 



Copyrighted trademark, 135^ 


Cordial relations, 




Cornet, 


70^ 


Coronation, - 


140I 
19=. 


Coroner, 


Corporal, (officer) 


134'' s« 


,, punishment, 




Corporations, 


122' 


Corps, 


"2 


,, , Army Service 




Correct, 


107' 


,, proof, to 




Correspondence course 


' 137. 


Correspondent, 




(newspaper) 


63', 123' 


Corrupt, 


M 00 


Cosmetics, 


Cosmology, 


s* 


Cost of living, 


S" 


" ,, production, 


gis 


Costs, 


19', S'" 


Costume, to change 


30' 


Council, 


121* 


,, Chamber, 


3> 


,, , National 


8* 


,, of State, 




" , Political 


132' 


Counsellor of legation 


22* 


Counscllor-at-law, 


19' 


Counter attack, 




Countersign, 


ir* 


Countrymen, follow 




County magistrate 
Courage, animal 


f 


43' 


Course of study, etc., 




52'', 一 * 


Court of, etc., 


19', _'o. 


" for officials, 


132- 


House, 


19' 


,, Martial, 


17' 


" , Mixed 


122' 


Courtship, 




Crackers, (biscuit) 


76- 


Creation, animate 




Credit, (financial) 


S" 


Creditor, 


S" 


; Creed, 




Criminal ccmrt, 


'9' 


• , , political 


1 【2 


„ suit, 




Crisis, I 





INDEX 



Critical juncture, 


II 叫 


Debtor, 


SI,) 


Department, Administrative 






Decadence of civilization, 






133' 


" , adverse 
,, , higher 




Decadent people, 




" , Artillery 


《- 


125"; Deception, 




" of College, 


51' 


Crochet needle, etc. 


139 


Decide, etc. 35*, 




,' ,, Education, 132'^ 


Cross-examination, 


19 


,, by ballot, 


122" 


Finance, etc. 


Cruiser, 


—乙 2 

lO 


" a case, 




02 




Crux, 


42 


,, in negative, 


122^ 


„ " newspaper, 


02 


Cult. 


49' 


,, upon, 
Decided, 


T07" 


" » State 


132 


Culture, 


136: 


116^ 


Depend on, 


_ 1 

90 


,, , intellectual, etc. 


51 


Decision, 




Dependent nature, 


43' 


,, , spiritual 


49 


Decision of character, 


I 卜 2 


Deposit, fixed 




Curb, to 


97 


,, ,, question. 
Declare war, 


》 
j。i 


Depraved, 


«3' 


Curios, 


I"' 


11' 


Depravity, 


121' 


Curiosity, 




Decline of civilization, 


39; 


Depreciation of silver, 


272 


Currency, 


9 1 


Decoration, (badge) ii' 


, 15 


Deputy, 


11* 


Current account, 


136; 


,, (civil) 


S' 


Deserters, 




,, expenses, 54, 


' 137 


,, , (military), 


S' 


Designate, 


141' 


" events, 62% 85 


,, , (ornament) 
Decree, appointment by 




Desire, 




,' of thought, 


132: 


III 


Desirous of advantage. 


4I 


Curriculum, etc. 




Decrepit, 


82' 


Despatch, 


S" 


Customary, 


80- 


Dedication (of church, etc.) S'^ 


Destroy, 


107I 


Customs, (levied) 


1 

9 


Deduction, 




" submarine mines. 


135I 


, (manners) 


I 

114 


Deductive, 




Destroyer, torpedo-boat 




1 « • 4 ■ \ A A 曹, 

" , JwUropcaii 


69' 


Defeat, to suffer 


97 1 


1 6% 1 34-, 


Cut, make a short 


ii8' 


Defect, 


ioo2 


Detached, 


4-= 


,, the hair, 




Defenses, etc. 


1342 


Details, unimportant, 


5' 


Cycle, motor 




Defer discussion, 


1222 


Detain for examination, 


1351 


Cyclostyle, 




Defilement, 




Detective, i 


S: 


Cynics, 




Deline, 
Definite aim, 




Determine, etc. 


35' 






too- 


Determination, 




D. 




Definition, scientific 




Determined, (a question) 


136' 




Degeneracy, 




" in character, 


4f 


D. D. 


55' 


Degradation^ 
Degrade an official, to 


S' 


Develop, 104-, 107、 


I lo- 


Daily paper, * 


'57' 


141' 


Development iheury, 


ss' 


Danger |)uint, 


141' 


Degree, (literary) S4"» 55^ 


,, age ot j^reatest, 1- 


Dangerous position, 


5' 


,, y to the last 
Delete, 




Devise means of livelihood, 39- 


Dark, ways that arc 


132' 




" plans, 


104' 


Data, 


114' 


Delimitation, 97^ 


1381 


Devotions, 




Date-block, 




Delivery, rural 


Dexterity 


131' 


Day of month, 


861 


,, , special 
Demand, (for goods) 




Diary, 


139' 


Day pupils, 






Dictation, 


54' 


D:iy"clio'" instruction, 


136- 


,, , (verb) 


110- 


Difference, 




Deacon, (M. E.) 


S-' 


Tansom, 

Demands, 


140^ 


,, , party 


33; 


Deaconess, 


48' 


I4I2 


Diflcrentiatioii, 


IOQI 


Deal with, 


Democracy, 


s,《," 


Differing opinions, 


90' 


Dealing, way of 


90' 


Democratic Party, 




1 Dignity of labor, 


s'- 


Dean ill college, 


Demonstration, 


"7、 


j Dime, 


IO» 


Dcatii penalty, 


10" 


. to make a 




1 Dining room. 




Debt; national 


9, 


Denatunzed alcohol. 




1 Diploma, 




" i public 


133' jDcnoininations, 




1 Diplomacy, 





192 



INDEX 



Diplomat, 1、 21^ 

Diplomatic body, 21^ 
Direct connection, 9o\ 139'" 

,, movements, to 107" 

" ratio, 140^ 

Director, S^' 

Dirigible balloon, 1 38" 

Disaffection, secret 4" 

Disagree, 、 90^ 

Disapprove, 104^ 

Disband, 36" 

,, soldiers, 16" | 

Disbanded " i/i 

Discernment, 43", 66"! 

Discipline an official, 141^ | 

Disclose, ikV"! 

Discount, 2/2 

Discover, (in science) 104' 

and arrest 97" 

Discovered, (crime) 97' 
Discuss, etc. 35", 1 10^ 

Disgraceful affair, 83^ 

Disgusted with life, 42" 

Dishonor, 86" 

Disinfectant, 24" 

Disjunction, 4^ 

Disorder, mental 24*' 

Disperse, i", 36- 

Disposition, etc. 42' 

Dispute, 90' 

Distinctions, race, 40^ 

Distinctive, 83' 
Distinguishing characteristics, 

42I 

District Magistrate, f、 8^ 

,, school, 51I 

Disturb the peace, iii^ 

Disturbance, 4- 

" , to make 97^ 

Disturbers of peace, 97'^ 

Disunion, 4" 

Divide in portions, 4^ 

Divided, 80^ 

Dividend, 27^ 

Divine right of kings, 118- 

Division of army, 13^ 

,, „ labor, 126^ 

Divorce, 122' 

Do away with, 35^ 

Docket, 136^ 

Doctor of, etc. 55* 



Doctrine, 


2^ 


,, , M on rot 




Dollar, 




„ notes, 




,' sign, 
Domestic revolution, 


9' 




Door, the open 




Domestic loan. 


s'-' 


Dormitories, 


52; 


Double personality, 




Doxdlogy, 


126- 


Doyen, 


21- 


Draft, (money) 


121- 


,, of (locuiiient, 


s: 


,, soldiers. 


134:' 


Dramatists, 




Drastic measures, 


97;' 


Drawing, etc. 


13S: 


Dreadnaiight, . 


134; 


•Dress, foreign 


31、 


,, , informal, etc. 
Drill ground, 


76 


52: 


" master, 


14: 


,, , military 
" , physical 
Drug, suffix, etc. 


70; 






Dumb-bells, 


70; 


Duration, 


85 


Duty, (obligation) 


86=, 13O' 


" , export 




" , stamp 
Dynamo, 


282 


74' 


Dynasty, former 


-2 



Editorial, 62* 
、 ,, Staff, 632 
Education, elc. 51' 
,, Board of, f, 8\ 52- 
,, Commissioner of, 

7-, 8: 



E. 

Eager, 42^ 

Eagle-cycd, 132^ 

Early growth, 107" 

Earnest, 42- 

Hast, Far 86- 

,, , Near 139- 

Easy, 832, 

Easter, • 49- 

" vacation, 137^ 

Eccentric, 42- 

Economic conditions, 118, 

Economics, 9\ 28^ 39^ 

Edition, 63^ 

,, , the th. 137' 

Editor, etc. 63^ 



Educational circles 
Effect, etc. 5^ 67- 

,, , of no 

,, (verb) 
E fleets, inov.able 
Effete, 
Ellicacy, 
Kfficien" 
Egotism, 
Egregious, 
Rklor, (clinrch) 
Elect, etc. 

,, by ballot, 
Elected, etc. 35^, 
Election, etc. 
EI ctioneering campaign, 
Elective franchise, 
Electoral College, 
Electric bell, etc. 
" cannon, 
,, torch, 
Electrician, 
Electricity, Science of 

Element, chemical 
Elementary education, 

,, vocal sound, 
Elements, original 
Ulcvated R. R. 



' Elevator, 
I Eligible, 

Eliminate, 

Elocution, 

Emancipation, 
I Emblem, 

,, , national 

Emergence, sudden 

Emergency, present 

Eniigran's, etc.. 
Emphasis, 
Emphasize, 
Empirical, 
Employ measures, 



76', 



39- 

IIO' 

I391 

1 10' 

12 2- 
83' 
67' 

s" 
31 
8y 

48^ 
35'': 

30 
136' 

I 二' I 
122' 

30' 
132' 

74"- 
S" 

J L 

55' 
140' 

55"' 
51' 
13/ 
137' 

138: 
83= 
35' 

II41 

s* 
118- 

ioqI 
22^ 
no" 
104" 



INDEX 



193 



Employees, 
Enact, 

Encounter, 
End, (noun) 
End in a fizzle, 
Endorse, 
Endowment, 
Endiiraiice, 
Enemy, public 
Energies, 

, concentrate 
Engine, locomotive 
Engineer 
Engineering, civil 
Engraving, steel 
Enlarge upon, 
Enlightened, 

,, nation. 
Enlist, 
Enormous, 
Ensign, 

Entanglement, wire 
Entente powers, 
Enterprise, 
Kntertainment, 

,, place of 

Enthusiastic, 
Enthusiasts, 
lintire, 

amount, 

" body, 
Environment, 86^, loi 
Envoy extraordinary, 
]Cl>aulctle, 
I''.[)i(leinic, 
l,:qu il, 

" position, etc 
ICqu'il rights, 
I-Aiuality, 
K(iuip, 
lira, 
" I new 
Error, 

JCspccial condition, 
Esperanto, 
Esprit cle corps, 
Essence, (nature) 

" , (extract) 
Essential, 

,, part, 
Essentials, the 



107- 

100'!, TOl' 

1042, S' 
27- 

43: 
iio- 

7y, 138'' 

28, S<" 

52' 

137' 
140- 

15' 
134- 

I351 

70' 
4' 
4' 

530 
36' 

s' 

S3" 
"I 



Establish, 



by law, 
innocence, 



1041, 



Estimates, 

,, , iinal 
F.t cetera, 
Etching, 
Ether, 
Kthics, 
Ethnology, 
Etymology, 
liulogize, 
Kurasian, 
Europe, western 
ICuropean civilization, 



S8 



24 



551 

lOO''^ 

xoo* 



Evangelical Alliance, 
Evangelist, 48V 
Evangelization week, 
Evangelize, 
Evening banquet, 
Events, current 
Evidence, circumstantial 

,, , incontrovertible 
Evolution, 

in nature, 

Exact, - 

Exalted, 
! Examination, 
I Excel, to strive to 
I Excellence, 
I Excellence, peculiar 
I Rxcellent, 
I Exceptional, 
, Excerpt, 

【ixcliange, (money) 27-, 
,, (periodicals) 
" of prisoners, 
,, , Stock 135' 

Exclamation point. 

Excommunicate, 

Execute, , 
,, laws, 

Executed by martial law, 

Execution, 

" ground, 

Executioner, 

Executive, 8、 
,, , the 132 
Exercise a function. 
Exercise, physical 70***, 



1 10* 
107- 

9' 

1381 

55'' 
66- 

I041 

40' 

86- 

122- 

62- 
126" 

123- 
101 1 

63I 

S': 

I351 

132', 
j8'' 



Exercises, graduation 54- 

Exliibition, 69^ 
Exhibits, 
Exist, 

E>cistence, S^^ 

,, struggle for 55- 

Existing circumstances, 100' 

Expand, 1402 

Expansion, S^^-* 

" , power of 107- 

Expedite, 104- 

Expelled, 542 
Expenses, current 54I, 1371 

" , yearly 2" 
Experience, 1142 13" 

,, , practical 43^ 

" , wide 1362 

Experiment, 1371 

Experimental, 1391 

" farm, ui 

Expert, ii 

Expertness, i^ji 

Expire, (term of office) S' 

I':xplain minutely, uji 
Kxplanation, 

Explorers, ji 

Explosion, 135I 

Explosives, 121- 

Export, 28* 

,' tax, gl 

Expose, gss 

Exposition, etc., 69^ 

Express letter, 10* 

,, train, S-^ 
Extend, 

Exterior, 100' 

External, s" 

" appearance, 67-, 100* 
relations, 

,, show, 4" 

Externals, 100' 

Extinct, 552 

Extinction, race 40^ 

Extra session, 33^ 

ICxtradition, 135- 

Extraordinary, Envoy 22* 

Extraterritoriality, 22' 

Extreme measiirei, S 露-' 

Eye-glasses, 76^ 



194 



INDEX 







Final, cause, 


1261 


Follow, 


107% Sa, 






" estiiiiatci. 
Finale, 
Finals, 


T -J 


, immediately, 







VJ 


67-, S"' 


the faslii' 




■Facile, 






t ) "I' 


I07" 


Fact, 




Finance, Board of 


62, 81 


Followers, 


22' 


Factory, 




,, Department, 




Follows, as 


100^ 


Faculty, 


522 


,, a project, 




Foodstuffs, 




Faith, etc. 




Finances, 




Foolhardy, 


43* 


Faithfulness, 




Financial, 




Football, 


*. , %' 


Fall in, 


172 


outlook, 




Force, in 




Fallacy, 


66S S3'; 


,, stringency, 27-, 135- 


" of nutnberx, 


97' 


Famine Relief Committee, 38^ 


Financiers, i^, 




, brute 
Forces, land 




Kan, electric 


742 


Fine, (noun) 






Fancy, 




,, Arts, 




Forefront, 




Far East, 


S'- 


Finger in pie, 




Foreign calendar, 


11' 


Farce, 




Finish, 


lOll 


" carriai^e, 


/ ' 


Fare, railroad 


7f 


Fire a gun, 




,, clotlies, 


f 

69' 


Fare、vell meeting, 


93'. s" 


,, a salute, 




" customs, 


Farm, experimental 


III 


,, blank cartridges, 


1 61 


ink 


/ " 


Farming class. 


39' 


,, Brigade, 


122- 


" intercourst, 


2】i 


Faialisni, 
Fatherland, 




,, Patrol, 
Firing line, 


S: 


,, loans, 


2T 


30-> 


1342 


" news, 


J* , 


Favored nation, etc. 


S" 


Firm, 




Foreign Office, 


6*, S' 


Favoritism, 


118' 


Firmness, 


1312 


,, papers, 


S2-. 


I'、ear, 


122^ 


First cause, 


1252 


,, re^ations, 




Federal form. 


61 


,, reading of bill, 


1361 


" settlers, 


40" 


Federation, 


30* 


,, term men, 
Fiscal year, 




,, things, 


138^ 

■J 


Fellow countrymen, ' 


30" 
140^ 

52- 




Forerunner, 


114" 


,, 'feeling, 

,, of University, 


Fittest, survival of 


552 


Forestry, 


, I 


Fitting, 


I391 


Form, (verb) 


110' 


Female sex, 


39' 


Fix a custom, 
Fixed deposit, 


1072 


,, of government, 


6' 


Feminine gender, 




I361 


,, . of state, 
,, , world of 


61 


Fencing, art of 
Fertilizers, 




,, opinion, 


86- 




761 


,, schedule, 




Former dvnasty, 


f 


Fetishism, 


45' 


Flag, etc., 




Fort, ' 


134: 


Feudal age, 




" , salute 




Fortified position, 




Fever, etc. 


1352, S'2 


" ship, 


Forward march, 




iMddle, 




" signals. 


16-, s-^ 


Found, to 35I, 1041, 110 


Fidelity, 




Flank, etc. 


142 


Founder of religion, 




Field day. 


. S" 


Flanking movement, 


I351 


Fountain pen, 




,, guns, 


Flashlight, 




Fractional part, 




,, hospital, 




Flavoring, 




Franchise, elective 


30; 


,, Marshal, 


142, 132' 


Floating mines, 


S" 


Free love, 


s*, 


" piece, 
Fight, (verb) 


16' 


Flower "girls, 


93' 


" speech, right of 






Flying corps, 




,, trade, 
Freedotii of belief, 




Fighting" line, 


121^ 


,, machines, 


741, 


30'. 1362 


Figure, (metaphor) 
,, heads, 


3 


' Flying Squadron, 




" of press, 


j\ s、 
s- 


Fly-paper, 




,, of tliou-ht, 
Freehand drawing, 


30'; 


Films, 


screens, 




138 
138' 


Filled with, etc. 




Focus, 
Fodder, 




Freehand gymnastics 


Final, 


So-, S'' 




Freemasons, 


122^ 



INDEX 



195 



Freight train, 


7f 


General Superintendent, 


14- 


Greece, 




Friction, (disagreement) 90* 


" use, 




Gregarious, 


90-' 


Friday, 




" , in 
Generalization, 


S" 


(jfounM arms, 


if 


Friends, to make 




67' 


>, of right, 




Fright fulness, 




Generally recommended, 


I" 


Growth, early 


107- 


Front, 




Generation, 


Guarantee, 


s'- *。 


Frontier Def«n", ttc. S'' 


" , rising 


T2.V- 


Guard, body, etc. 


14' 


H T* 1 1 1 1 I AC c 

r 1 11 HiCdSi 


i39〖 

57 


Generic, to* 


138' 


Guest, etc. 


93' 
7', 35' 


Fukien, 


Genius, 


42' 


Gnild, 詹 


1* lilt ScSSlOllf 


3/ 


Gentleman, 


136' 


,, , civic 
Guillotine, 


37-' 


1 « I 1 vl 1 • f 1 

1 llilC llUllf 


T "jnS S3 、 


Genuine, 


s:" 


s'' 


1 UllUalllClllai) CIV. 




Geography, 


55' 


Giirij etc. 


16' 


Funds, reserve 


"2 


Geology, 


55' 


, , boat, 


16* 


Funny column, 


9 


Gigantic, 


83' 


,1 cotton, 
Gymnastics, etc. 70' 


s' 


03 


Gilded youth. 


,1 


'-, 138' 




70 


Give forth, 


110= 


Gymnasium, 




顯, 1 1 t'f" M A t* A 羞 

I HI iner, \9 


1042 


H notice, 


IIO" 




V use, 

li 1 1 C1 1 ll fl» 


10 


,, up, 





M. 






" wrongfully, 


121- 




I* titurCf 


del 


Gland, 




Hague Conference, 


n* 


,• IvIlXCy 零 


59 


Glare at, 




Hair, to cut 






Goal, T 00-. 


T14' 


,, cli[)pini; machine, 
ITalf-castes, 




a. 




Godown, 


S's 




Golfl, adopt as standard 


10' 


Hal f-iare ticket. 


If 


Gabellc, 


91 


Golden age, 


r- 


Halt, 


17"- 


Gain, 


86- 


Good, public, etc. 




Ilungar, 


s* 


,' ground, 
Gallery, 


1402 
70I 


Goods, 


S'3 


Handbag, 




,, , canned 




,, bill, 


H 


,, , reporters 


1372 


" , manufactured 




" car, 


li- 


, visitors 


69' 


Govern, right to 




,, grenade, 


s, 


Game, 


69' 


Government, clc. 


61 


1 lands, to clap 


93- 


Garilcii, Botanical, 




、, bonds, etc. 9^ % 




Handshake, a 


94^ 


(inrdening, 




,, central, eic. 


6' 


Hanging, 


19^ 


( lurrison, 


'4' 


" ownefi. 




Happiness, 


86- 


(ia-, etc. 


76、 S" 


,, Party, 


13" 


I laniiful 10 society, 


"6! 


( lasoline, 


S2, 


policy, 




llam、。iiv of sentiment, 


123' 


G "her, 


1222 


, Provisional 


8' 


1 lasteii, 


104- 


Gathering, social 


70' 


Governor, Military 8':, 


132- 


I lai, etc. 


76= 


, , unorganized 5'^ 


o 
寸 


136^ 


,, , sacrihcia! 


1 40- 


(ien^ler, etc. 




(iradcu, 




, to lift 


9;' 


General, etc. 


142, 133' 


r'rruhial progress, 


140- 


Hazardous occupation, 




,, (S. A.) 




(Graduate, 


5-" 


Herul» the 




" (adj.) 


7o\ 80', 82^ 


Graduatinn exercises, 


52' 


,, manager, 


S'' 


" AsseinMv, etc. -10* 


Grannn:i t, 




,, of Departintnt, 




" avera^'c, 




,, , science of 


S-* 


,, Office, 


S'= 


behavior, 


42- 


Grand review, 


17' 


1 ,, quarters, 


35'. S, 


*• Convetitinn. 3s* 


、, stanilf 


70' 


1 H of govcniincnt, 


" infonnati 


"1, 4r. 122- 


Grape shot, 
Circat man, 


1 62 




6'. S' 


,, principle, 






,, , military 


1 5' 


,, Public, 




' ,, r'»、ve", 


z\' 


f Icalth. Board of 




" Statf. 


132' 


t Greatest, 




1 tearing, 


s' 



196 



INDKX 



Heart, 




Human, 




1 

s« 


" hostility, 


90' 


lliinianitarianisni, 




3' 


Moat (ardor) 


131' 


Humorous, 






,, , degree of 




Iliuian, 




勺' 


! leaven-appointed office, 


136' 


ITupei, 




1382 


Hedonism, 




Hydrant, 


Hegemony, 




Hydro-aeroplane, 




74' 


Height, 




Hygiene, 




24' 


Help, 1041,2 iiqI, 




Hypnotism, 






" , to render 




Hypothesis, 




66' 


Hereditary disposition, 42 










Heresy, 




1. 






Hero* 1 1 42, 


141' 






I Ieterogcneou», 


80- 


Ice cream, 




762 


High, 


83" 


Idea, 


67'. 


1 22^ 


,, jump, 702, 
School, 


138' 


,, , abstract 




121' 




,, , important 




67' 


„ seas, 


S" 


,, , initial 




90' 


Higher criticism. 


125; 


Ideal, etc. lOO", 


, S*' 


. ,, normal, 
lIigh-iiiinde<lnfM» 




Ideals, 






2" 


Idealism, 




(>f 


History, 




Identity, 




79' 


Hoist flag, 


93' 

54; 


Idiom, 

Itliosyncracy, 




5«' 


1 lolidays, 






Holy orders, 




lUnminating gas, 




7(51 


,, War, 


135' 


Illusion, 

Illustrated paper, 




s& 


Home, 136、 S'' 






,' for Poor Children, 


SIS 


Illustrations, 




63' 


,, Mission Band, 


45' 


Imagination, 




43' 


Homogeneous, 




Imagine, 




43' 


Honan, 


87-' 


Immature, 




82' 


Honeymoon, 


s»- 


Immersion, 




49- 


Honor, 




Impeach, 




11- 


Honors, government 


II'-' 


Impel, 




104' 


1 [onorary member. 


3/ 


Imperative mood, 




59' 


" office, 




" necessity. 




lis- 


Hope, 42% 




Imperial army, 




ts' 


Hopeful situation, 


S:' 


,, family, 




6' 


1 lorse power, 


137' 


Imperialism, 






Hose, garden 


76' 


Implicate, 




97' 


Hospital matron, 


24': 


Import, 




107' 


,, ship, 




Importance, paramount 




Hostilities, cessation of 


16= 


Important, 






Hostility, 


90' 


" idea, 




67】 


Hotel, 


76' 


,, thing, 




100' 


Hot-headed, 


13 1 2 


,, , to consider as 


1 10' 


Hour, 


86- 


Impossible, 




S3' 


', , the quiet 




Impression, 






House, Lower, etc. 


8- 


Imprison, 






Howitzer, 


134* 


Improve, 




107' 


Huge, 83 




Inattention, 







naugurate, i 

,, a society, 
ncandescent light, 
nccndiary bombs, 
iicite, 972, 10 

ncitement, go"^'^ 
ncliiiation, i 
ncomc tax, 

" , yearly, 
ncontrovertible evidence, 
ncorporatcd, i 
ncriminate, 

nciilcate, I 
ndefinite article, 
ndenmily, 

ndependent church, i 

,, in politics, 

" society, 
ndex, 

ndian clubs, 

ndicative mood, 

nclifferent class, 

ndirect, 

,, taxation, i 

ndividual (noun), 
" (adj.), 
" organization, 

ndividualisni, 

ndividiiality, 42^ 

ndiictive, 

ndustrial course, 
,, exposition, 

school, 51-, 

ndustries, Supt. of i 

n fallible precedent, 

n fantry, 

n fectious disease, 
iifidel, 

nliiiitive, ;) y 

nfluence, etc. 90^ 104*-- 

,, , outside 90- 
,, , sphere of 22* 
nfluenced by, etc. 5', 132* 
nfliienza, Spanish, S'- 
nform, iio* 
n formal. 80'- 
" dress suit, 76- 
n formation, accurate 123^ 
,, , general 43'^ 122^ 
nfringe upon, 

ifringement of copyright, 63- 



o 3 7 4s 2 2 I 390 52 33 36 7 5 9 3 48 4 s 6 56 s 2 s I 2 s 



INDEX 



197 



Ingredients, S*" 
Inheritance tax, 

Initial idea, 90- 

,, stages, S:i 

Initials, S*^ 

Initiate, 104^ 

Inject, S'-' 

Injure, 140- 
Injiiry, 97^ 140- 

Ink, foreign 76' 

Inland seas, 22' 

Innate depravity, 43'-^ 

If rights, 1361 

Innovation, 30- 

Inorganic, 55- 

Inquest, 24- 

Inquire, 140- 

Inquirers, 122- 

Inquisition, 126- 

Inside, 100^ 

Inspection, tour of iio' 

Inspector General, 14^ 

Inspector of Navy, 14* 

Inspector, Sanitary 24' 

Instigate to crime, 97* 

Instil, 107* 

Instinct, 114- 
Install, 

Institute, (verb) 104* 

" , lecture 123' 

Instruction of masses, 122'- 

Instructional mandate, 11' 
Instructions from superior, S' 
Instruments, philosophical 55- 

Iiisure, S':; 

Insurgents, 97- 

Insurreclion, 97- 
Integer, 79* » So' 

Integral part, 80' 

Integrate, 792 

Intellectual culture, 5" 

,, vigor, 43* 

Intelligence, 4.V 

Interchange. S^^ 

" of views, 140' 

Intercommunication, 139- 
Intere", (of mind) 

" , affairs of cuiniuon lOi- 

,, , religious 2' 
Interior, 100', S'" 

,• , Board of ◎ 



Interjection, 58, ' Judgment, etc. 

Interniediate school, 51" Judicial motive, 

Intern, 135' ,, officer, 

Internal, 100', vS"^" I Judiciary, 

Internaliunal commerce, 22, | ,, , Pr'n-iiicial 
,, law, 2ii, 55' I jujilsu, 

Reform Society, 38' Jump, et" 



Interi)retatiun, wide 
[iiterpreter^ 
Interrogate, 
Interrogation point, 
Intervene, etc. 
Intervention, 
Interview, 
Intimate, 

,, connection, 
Intransitive verb, 
Intrepid, 
Tntrigue, 
Introduce. 
Introduction 



138' Jumping rope, 

22' I Junction, 
140"! Juncture, 
S-^j >, , critical 
i(r, 22- ,, , present 
22" Jurisdiction, 
S"* Juryman, 

I Justice, (judge) 
of case, 
Juvenile Court, 



letter of 
to a book, 
Intuition, 
Invade, 
Invent, 
Inventors, 
Inverse ratio, 
Investigate, i io\ 
,, a. question. 
Investment, 
Inviolable, sacred and 
Involve itt misfortune, 
Irregular, 

Irrevocable decision, 
Irrigation Bureau, 
Issue, 
Items, 
,• , newi 



90 

58'^ 
43: 
104" 

93' 
93' 
S:、 

07' 

S3-' 
104* 

140- 

[40- s:'- ' 

r3。 

SKI 

8.r 
8V 

IIO* 

114' 

62- 



Jailer, 19] 

Japan, 139: 

Jejune, 82* 

I Jinriksha, 74"" 

' Journal , paper, 62' 

,, , (personal) 139^ 

Judge, etc. 19 
,. in debute, 
,. '、t' ut'ticial com I, 132 

. , Piovincial 7 



20' 

67' 

8' 
S- 

70"-, 138' 
70', 138' 

S:* 

123' 
118' 
100' 
S" 

19' 

19' 

67' 



Kaifeng, 


97' 


Kaleidoscope, 


70- 


Kansu, 


87' 


Keen for, etc. 




Keep up with times, 




Keepsake, 


I"' 


Key of piano, 


138' 


Kiaiigsi, 


87: 


Kiangsu, 


87' 


Kidnap, 


140= 


Kindergarten, 




Kindred race, 


40"' 


Kiiiciuatogiiiph, 




Kiucloplione, 


138' 


Kinj;doin, animal 


l' 


Kiss, 




Kleptuinania, 




Knapsack, 




Kiiuwlcdgc, 


54: 


Known, tnakf ' 


110* 


Koilak, 




Kwaiigsi, 




Kwangtung, 




K\vcichou» 








L. L. D. 


55' 


Labor and capital, 


s- 


,、 Day, 


s,< 


- Laboratory, 


52' 


"1 Laborers, 


"', 39' 



19< 



INDEX 



Laborious, 83^ 

Lace, 77I 

Lady, 136* 

Lamaism, 45* 

Lamp, spirit, €tc. 76^ 

l^anipoonist, 1^ 

Land forces, 13* 
,, Measurement Bureau, 132- 

,, , settling waste 39" 

Landscapes, 138' 

Lantern, 76' 

,, , magic 70* 

Latent, 90" 

Latest news, 62- 

Launch, steam 74^ 

Law, 19 

,, , code of 122^ 

,, . court, 19' 
,, , international ti\ 55' : 

„ , martial 17I 

,, , promulgate, etc 11' 
, ,, , to go to 

Lawyer, 19^ 
Layman, 48:, 136- 

Lead, to 104* 

,, , follow the 107- 

,, , take the 104^ 

Leader, 37 1 

" of party, S^^ 

Leading article, 62^ 

,, idea, 671 
League of iiatiuus, 

Learning:, branches of 55^ 

Lecture, 69- 
„ bureau^ 38'; 123' 

,' room, 69= 

L'ecturcr, 52- 

Left wing, 14^ 

Legal association, 20^ 

„ course, 52^ 

,, system, 30- 

Legality, 30- 

Legation, 22^ 

Legislative Bureau, 19' 

,, Department, 8' 

" , the S' 

IJegislaliire, 132' 
Lent, (fast) 

Letter, address ot 73^ 

,, box, 73' 



Letter of introductiort, 93^' Local, 

,, ,, resignation, 133^! ,, council, 

,, , to register 10^ 1 

Libel, 122* I 

Liberal, 49' 

Liberalism, niodeiatc 131' 
Liberty bell, 

" of action, 141" 

,, Party 33' 

" , true 97- 

Library, etc. 69" 

" , reference, 52* 

Libretto, S^' 

License, (certificate) 74^ 
,, , (unbridled liberty) 97^ 
Lieutenant, etc. 14-, 133' 

Life, mode of 39" 

" , necessaries of 39^ 

Life-saving apparatus^ 74' 

Lift, (elevator) 76' 

,, the hat, 94I 

Light, etc. 742 

M cavalry, I34'! 

" house, 133: 

,, signals, 16^ 
Like, 

lyikcncss, 70- 
Limit, 

" , the, loii 

Limited company, 271 

Limits to powers, 118* 

Line of advance, 107- 

" ,, defense, 幺。 

,, , R. R. S" 

,, of thought, 6f 

Literal translation, 137' 

Literary course, 52' 

" degree, 54^ 

,, department, 63' 

" Society, 38^ 

,, work, S"' 

Literature, 55^ 

Lithograph, 70- 

Littorai, 22' 

Livelihood, etc. 3g''- 
Living language, 

Living, scale of 141- 

Loan, 92 

,, , foreign, etc' 32* 

Lobby; 114^ 

" ) ttt 1042 



132* 
1312, S**^ 

,, news, 62^ 

,, rowdies, 97* 
, , sel f-governmcnt, 30* 

Location, 86^ 

Lockout, 126^ 

Locomotive engine, 73-, 138^ 

Lofty thought, 118^ 

Logic, 661 

Logicians, 66* 

Long jump, 70-, 138* 

,, distance gun, 134^ 

Look of things, 100、 141* 

Loot, 972 

Lose trace of, S" 

Losses, S^' 

Lost, motion 36^ 

Lover, S*o 

Lower classes, 39' 

,, House, 82 

Low-minded, 2^ 
Luyal Temperance Uegion, 38' 

Lunar calendar, 31* 

Lutheran Church, 45^ 

Lyddite gun, 16^ 

Lynch law, jo* 

M. 

M. A 

Machinatiuiis, to aid 
Machine gun, 
Mad ambition, 



m 



Madness, 
Magazine, 
,, fun, 

Magic, 

j ,, lantern, 
I Magistrate, 
! Magnet, 
' Magnetic iron, 
I Mails, 
Main aspect, 
I ,, road, 
I ,, tliouglil, etc. 
Maintain status quo, 
Major, 
,, (ieneral, 
,, premiss, 
I Majority, 



"1, 63' 

s« 

尸, g2 

lOl' 

138^ S" 
67I 
S" 

66' 

is' 



INDEX 



199 



Make alliance, ii, 
" announeeincnt, 
,, (books ), 
" a call, 

,, a demonstration, 

,, friends, 

,, known, etc. 
money, 

,, a motion, 

" an onset, 
Make peace, etc. 

" public, 

,, a short cut, 

,, ,, tour, iioS 

M " treaty, ii! 
Mammon worship, 
Manage, 104^, 
,, after consultation, 
Manager, 

,, , business 
Manchu party, 
Mandate, ii\ 121^ 

Manhood, 

Manifest, no^, 



• ,, opinion, 
Manifesto, 
Manifolding process. 
Mankind, 
Manner, 
Manoeuvres, 
Manual training, 
Manufactory, 
Manufactured goods, 
Manufacturers, 
Manufactures, 
Manuscript, 
Market, 

,, for goods, 28 
Market (luoUtions, 
Marks of, etc. 
Marines, 

Marriage certificate, 
Marshal, Field 
Martial law, 171, 
,, , abolition of 

" law, tu proclaim 11、 

,, spirit, 
Martyr, 
Masculine, 
Masked battery, 
Masb (u£ matter), 



, 79^ 
1 10^ 

6321 

94" 

94: 
no* 

28' 

35: 
107- 

1 1 

1,0^ 
118' 

138: 

, 22" 

s- 
141' 

no' 
27' 

33' 
133' 
136' 

141' 
35" 
123' 

139' 

137' 

28' 
63' 

122^ 

, St' 

1352 

140* 
132' 
1342 
1342 

S" 



Master, the 6* 
„ of Arts, 

M of ceremonies at 

wedding, 140' 
Material world, 

Materialism, 3', 45* 

Material.^, raw 28^ 

Mathematics, 55、 137' 

Matter, 552 

Matters, great loi^ 

Matting, straw 76^ 

Mauser rifle, 16* 

Maxim gun, 16S 134^1 

Maximum, 82^ 

Meaning, etc. 137^, 138* 

Means of livelihood, 39* 

" , direct, etc. 90' 

Measure of ability, 42* 

Measure ,-, drastic 97' 

Meciianical drawing, 138' 

Medal, 114, 
Medials, 

Medical College, 136- 

" science, 24^ 

Medicine, practice of 24^ 

Meet! athletic 70- 

Meetiiig of welcome, 93* 

,, , to call to order, etc. 35' 

,, , prayer, etc. 49- 

Meetings, right to hold 30* 

Member of club, etc, 37*'^ 

,, ,, Committee, S*' 

,, ,, Parliament, 8* 

Mementoes, 114* 

Memorial, 114* 

" Day, 140* 

,, servic,, 91^ 

Men, S" 

" of character, 141^ 

Menace, S*'' 

Mental disorder, 34* 

Mercantile guards, 135^ 

Mercliant class, 39^ 
Metallic reserve, 
Metaphysics, 66〜 

Methods, 86', 139- 

, uncivilized 97- 
Meteorulogical Bureau, 
Metric System, 

Metropolitan Prefect, S、 

Mexican dollar, 9* 



Microbe, 

Microscope, 

Middle, 

Middlemen, by 
Might makes right, 
Militarism, 
Military affairs, 
experts, 



',2, 



24' 

55' 
100^ 

S*, 

s。 
s' 



,' Governor, 8^ 13?, S' 

headciuarters, 15* 

,' leaders, S** 

,, men, 134^ 

" party, S" 

,, police, 14I 

salute, ii\ 135^ 

,, service, 134* 

,, watch, 14I 

Militia, 134' 

Mine, to 135* 

Mine-layer, 1342 

" thrower, S" 

Mines, to exploit ii* 

Minimum, 82* 

Mining, i " 

Minister, cabinet 8*, 13? 

,, , foreign 22^ 

" of state, 131' 

" , Prime 6' 

,, , (ecclesiastic) 48* 

Mint, etc. 10* 

Minutes, 33* 

Miscellaneous, 80^ 
,, news items, 63^ 

Missions, etc. 451,2, 46* 

Mitrailleuse, 134' 
Mixed, 

,, Brigade, 13^ 

,, Court, 19I, 132' 

" Mixers," 131* 

Moat, 134^ 

Mobilize, order to 134* 
Mobilization of troops, 121^ 

Mode of life, 39' 

Model, 100^, 114* 

Modernism, 3' 

Moderate, (verb) 97* 

liberalism, 131* 

Modify, 97* 

Monarchical form, 6' 

" Party, 33' 

Monarchy, etc. 6\ S, 



200 



INDEX 



Monday, 


32; 


Monetary system, 


I ^i* 


Money, 3 




,, changer's shop, 


122' 


, to make 


28' 


" makine purpose. 


3' 


" order, 




,, , paper 


121^ 


" , to raise 




Mongolian race, 




Monogamy, 




Monometallism, 




Monoplane, 


138= 


Monopoly, 28', 


122' 


" , government 
Monorail, 


9' 


741 


Monotheism, 




Monroe doctrine, 


3- 


Montenegro, 


I ^Q^ 


Monthly magazine, 


62' 


,, salary govt. , etc. 
Monument, commem- 






orative 


138' 


Mood, 


lOO' 


,, , (ill Granimar) 
Moral culture, 




51' 


obligfation, 




" Philosophy, 


662 


4- purpose. 


2' 


qualities, 




,, teaching, 
Moratorium, 


14.0* 


s« 


Morning watch, 




Mortar, { for shells) ib 


、 s', 


Morteace, 


27- 


Mother country, 


I ^g-' 
»-' -' 


,, society, etc. 


S-" 


Motion, amended, etc. 35^ 


, 36' 

■ 


Motive power, 
Motor, armored 


QO" 
,v 




Motorboat, 




Motorcar, 74 




Motorcycle, 


742 


Motto, 




Mourning, public 


931 


Moveable effects, 


122- 


Moved, 


90" 


" unpleasantly, 


1392 


and seconded, etc. 




Movement for cu-operation, 


Mover of resolution, 35^, 


122- 



Muff, 




Munitions of war, 


134' 


Museum, 


69' 


Music box, 


138' 


Musical entertainment. 


70' 


Musicians, i2i\ 




M utiny, 

.Mutinying soldiers, 


17' 


Mutual (ji>position, 


9。, 


,, relations, 90,, 
Mysticism, 




45' 


Myth, 




Mythology, 




N. 





Name, 


114" 


Nanking, 


87- 


Naphthaline balls, 




Narrow ^auce J\. R., 




" in Theology, 
National anniversary, 




i4X)i 


,, Assembly, 




" budget, etc. 


9' 


,, characteristics, 




" defenses, 




,, Disgrace Day, 




,, extinction, 




M flag, 




,, guards, 




" language, 




" relations. 




" nghls, 


11' 


,, subscription, 
Nationalism, 3 


9: 


, 131, 


Nationality, 




Natural dispositiun, 


42, 


,, prerogatives, 


1361 


" science, 


2、V 


" selection, 




" world, 

Naturalization, 




22- 


Nature, (universe) 


1 "1 


,, , (qualities) 67-, 


,, , spiritual 
Nautical chart, 


432 


1382 


Naval base, 
,, flag, 


SI 


191 


,' Y, M. C. A\. 




Navigation, 


73"- 


Navigators, 131 


- 

CC 


Navy, 


"2 



Near East, 




139' 


Necessaries of life, 39^ 




-, S*" 


Necessary, 




100- 


,, . qualifications, 


S" 


Necessity is, etc. 




s" 


Necktie, 


762, S;' 


Negative, etc. 




, 82' 


Negotiate, 






,, a loan, 






Wostvle 
• 、 \» V *j I J IV、 




139' 


Nervous disorder, etc. 


24*, 


135" 


system, 
Nervousness, 




s'- 




122' 


X enter 






Neutral, 


aa 


', S" 


" zone, 




S" 


New, 




1 ? q' 


,, , all 




31' 


China, 




139 


continent. 




»39 


,, edition, 




S" 


,, era, 




85: 


,, viewpoint, 






,, year vacation, 






Xews, etc. 




62' 


Newspaper, 




62' 


" office) 




62' 


V it" led riirr^ncv. 

▲ 、 i V. IX v- 1 、 Lit • ^ 1 i V T f 




S'- 


Vj <t]i t srhool 






Nihilism 




3' 


Nihilists 






Nil, 






Ni iiepiris, 




138' 


Vf) fill votin^^ 




35; 


Nomads, 






N^oiii-ilc-nhiiiir 




6,V 


Xnniinal (^officc^ 

A 1 \J i 1 1 1 1 i d J , \ '-' i 1 1 VV' 1 




52: 


NoiuiiiatCi 




35' 


Nominative case. 




58'- 


Non-Christian, 




S'" 


Non-combatants, 




I34-' 


Non-committal, 






Non-essetitials, 




5' 


Non-interested party, 




22- 


Non-intervention, 




22" 


Noon gun, 
Normal, (natura>) 




S'" 




80- 


,, School, 




51- 


Northern Party, 




s" 


Notice, 






" , take 




mo' 



INDEX 



O. 



Oath, 


114I 


,, of allegiance, 
Object, (aim) 


S" 


100*- 


Objective, (not subjective 


) 67- 


" case, 
Obligation, inor»l 




%j 


Obsequious, 




Observation, 


43- 


Observatory, 55* 


I 22" 


Obsolete word, 




Obstacle, 




„ race, 


118' 


Obstruction, 


140- 


Occupation, hazardous 


114- 


Occupied with, 


90' 


O'clock, 


86- 


Offensive and defensive 




alliance. 


135' 


Office, (building) 


27' 


" , branch 


73' 


,, , printing 


62' 


,, , (position) Foreign 


6\ 8- 


,, , honorary 


86- 


" , remove from, etc. 


ii« 


,, , War 
Officer for day, 


13-'' 


S» 


,, in command, 


14: 


,, , petty 
Officers, Cabinet 


1 41 


6', 8' 


Ofticial, 


37' 


,, class, 


6', S'、 


duties, 




" sash, 


S*' 


,, system, 
Officials, ranks, etc. 


132' 




One and the same, 


79' 


" purpose, 


7Q'-' 


" sided, 





Onlooker, 90^^ 
Only, the 79】 
Onset, make an 107^ 
Opcii air school, 136* 
door, etc. 22' 
,, a meeting, 35I 
a question, 35- 
,, to public, S^* 
Opening address, 140' 
Operation, (surgical), S^^ 
Opinion, consensus of, etc. 30^ 
,, , fixed 862 
M I popular 132' 
,, , public, etc. ()oi 
Opinions, 

Opponent, • S^s 

Opportunity, to watch 4' 
Oppose, etc. 104- 
Opposing voice, 
Opposition, 97* 
,, , mutual qo\ 104- 
Party, 136' 
Oppress, 97、 132^ 

Oppression, 97I 
Optimism, 42", 121^ 

Oral communication, S^" 
" method, 54^ 
,, translation, 137* 
Orchestra, 70* 
Ordain, - 
Order, (proper arrangement), 

etc. 80' 
Order, call to . 35* 
„ of exercises, 80、 139- 
,, (decoration) of merit, 121- 
,, (command) to mobili/.e, 

,, (comtnand) to soldiers, 17- 
Orderly, (ofticer) 14: 
Orderly arrangement, 80^ - 
Ordinances of religion, 136- 
Ordinary, 82- 
Ordination, 49- 
Ordnance Office, 13^ 
Organ, (physical) 4*, 55- 

,, , (nuisical/ 70* 
Organic, (in Biology) 55- 
Organisi", S"" 
Organization, 4', 35、 80、 131- 
, branch, etc. 35' 
,, , sf*lf-govcrning 1 17- 



Organize, 35' 

Original elements, 137* 

Originality, 125^ 

Originate, 104^ 

' Originating cause, S': 

Orthodoxy, 45* 

Orthography, 58* 
Ostasiatische telegram, 137^ 

O'her parly, S" 

Oui^^ht, 123- 

Outlook, locji 

Output, S" 

Outside, etc. 100^ 

" influence, 90" 

Outward, 100* 

,, strenuous activity, 4- 

Ovation, 93^ 

Overpopulation, 39" 

Overseer, 135^ 

Overthrow, 107* 

Overturn, 107' 

Ownership, 121^ 



62】 



I Pacific Conference, 
I Pacification Commissioner, 
I Paint portraits, 
Painting, art of 
,, , oil 

,, with brush, etc. 
Palace car, 
Pamphlet, 
Paper, (periodical) 

" money, 
Parade ground, 
Paradox, 
Paraffin, 
Parallel casc^ 
I Paraphrase, 
Parasitic, 
Parenthesis, 
I Paris Conference 
Park, public 
Parliament, 

,, , member of 

Parody on 

Part, integral, etc, 

" of speech, 
Partial, 
Partially, 
Participant, 



59 



121* 
70- 

3! 

70- 

138' 
73' 
63' 
, 63' 

9- 
52' 
136' 

140- 

137' 

-, s-^ 

691 

121- 

80' 

137' 

90* 



Noun, 58^ 
Novel, (adj.) 

,' , (noun) 
Novelists, 
Nuisance, public 
Number, 

,, , (copy of paper) 
Numbers, force of 
Nurse, hospital 
Nutriment" 



3 36 3 3s 6 9 2s 

II 1 I 



292 



INDEX 



Participate in politics, 30* 

Participle, 59」 

Parties, etc 33^'- 

,, , all 100' 

Partition, 4' 

Partizan, strongly 131' 

Party, (organization) i- 

,, idea, etc. 33- 

,, newspaper, 33" 
, a 

,, , political 

,, , (individual) outside 90^ 

,, , (gathering) tea 70* 

Pass, (as on R. R.) jy 

" , bring' to 110^ 

" sentence, 19^ 

" upon, 140^ 

Passed, motion, etc. 35- 

Passenger, etc. 73- 

Passive, 90- 

" voiec, 591 

Passport, ii"^ 

Password, 114^ 

Past letise, 59- 

Fastor, 48^ 

Pastoral age, 1- 

Patent, 28^ 

Pathology, 122^ 

Patriot, etc. 30- 

Patriotic subscription, 9- 

Patriotism, 2- 

Patrol, 14I 

Pattern, 114' 

Paved road, 138- 

Pay of soldiers, 15^ 

,, formal visit, 20* 

Peace and good order, 30^ 

" , armed 134^ 

,, , disturb, etc. iii- 

" , make 11^ 

Peculiar excellencies, 83^ 

Peculiarities, loi^ 

Pecuniary, 139^ 

Pedagogy, 55^ 

Pedlar, 27I 

Peking, 87^ 

,, University, National 

Pen and ink sketch, 138' 

" , fountain, etc. 76^ 

Penal code, 11^ 

Penalty, dealk 19^ 



Pencil drawing, 138^ 

Penitentiary, 133^ 

Pension, etc. 16、 135^ 

People, the S" 

People, rights of 28^ 

Per capita, 141^, 

Percentage, take vf 

Perception, S" 

Perfect, 83^'^ 

, , order, 80* 

,、 tense, 59- 

Perform, etc. S'' 

Performance, stage of i" 

Period, (piinctnation) S" 

,, of, etc. I- 
Periodical, 

Permit, 74' 

Perpetrate oppression, 97^ 

Person, 125^ 

,, , (in Grammar) 58- 
Personal work, (Christian) S"^ 

Personality, etc. 125^ 

Pessimism, 42^ 121^ 
Pessimist, 

Petition, 1 1 o'^ 140- 

Fetrograd, 1391 

Petty officers, 14* 

Pharmacology, 122^ 

Phenomena, 67- 
Phiianthropists^ 

Philanthropy, 90^ 

Philology, S^* 
Philosophers, 

Philosophical apparatus, 55^ 

Philosophy, etc. 66' -, 

Phonetic, 58^ 

,, script, S-^ 

Phonetics, science of, S-^ 

Phonograph, 70^ 

Photograph, 70^ 

Photography, 3' 

Physical culture, 51^ 

" exercise, 70'--, 138^ 

Physiology, 55' 

Physique, 43^ 

Piano, 70^ 

Pickpockets, etc. 141- 

Picture to oneself, 43^ 

Piece, field 16^ 

Pig-headed, 83- 

Pillar box. 73^ 



Pilot, 


X3S 


2, S'^" 


Pin, -etc. 


if 


Ping-pong, 






Pineapple, 




76: 


Pioneer, 




104 


Pipe for water, 




76' 


Pirates, 






Pivot, 




a' 


Place, 




107" 


Places of entertainment, 


70' 


Plague, etc. 






Plaintiff and defendant. 


19: 


Plan for, etc. 




104, 


,, of campaign. 






Platform, (stage ) 




70' 


,, scales, 






,, ticket, 






" , (views) 




2, 


,, of paper, 




137' 


,, ,, party. 
Play, printed 




136' 






Plead a case, 




122' 


Plebiscite, 




s, 


Pledge, 






Plenary, 




82' 


Plot, 






Pluperfect, 




59: 


Plural, 






Pneumonia, 




S'* 


Pneumonic Plague, 






Point, 




121' 


,, , fine, etc. 




lOl' 


. of contrast, 




140^ 


,, of disagreement, 




" , strategic 




1 6* 


Police, etc. 


1 1* 




" clubs, 






, , swords, 




1 61 


Policeman, 






Policeman, s whistle, 




S: 


Policy, 2^, 107^ 
,, , anti-foreign 


1402, S»" 




3' 


,, , political 






Political aspect, 




131' 


body, 




6' 


,, conceptions, 




a' 


,, Council, 




132' 


" criminal, 




11" 


,, economy, 




282 


" party, 


33' 


S''" 


,4 platform, 




100* 



INDEX 



203 



Political power, 

situation, 
Politician, 
Politics, 

Politics, participate in 
Polyandry, 
Polyj^amy, 
Polytheism, 
Ponder over, 

Popular, 

,, opiuioii, 

Port, 

P、 rtion, 

Poitrait taking, 

Position, 

,, gained, 
" , untenable 

Positive, 

" degree, 

Positively, 

Positivism, 

Possessive case, 

Possible, 

Post no bills, 

Postage, etc. 

Postal, 

" money order, 
" Savings IJaiik, 
" Union, 

Postcards, etc. 

Poster, 

Post-graduate course, 
Postman, 
1 >ostniaster, 
Post office, 
Postpone decision, 
Postponement, 
Potato race, 
Powder magazine, 
Power, 

,, , balance of 

" , brain 

,, , candle 

,, , center of 

,, , limits to 

" , motive, etc. 

" of expansion, 

,, ', letter, 

" resistance, 

" , supreme 



45、 



SC-, 



lO' 



S" 
S' 
i' 

s- 

no' 

70"" 
122- 

S3" 
70- 

luo' 

16- 

of 
141*^1 

133:, 

121", 

73' 1 

, 70 ! 
123' 

73' 
10' 

10' 

I 22" 

70- 

16' 

22' 

43' 

55' 

CIS' 

90- 
107* 

137' 

6» 



Powerful, 139' 

Powers, great, etc. 2i\ S^' 

Practical, 67'-, 123' 

,, advice, 140' 
" men, 

Practice, (an art) S^' 

! Practicing profession, 1 1 4- 

, Praters, 121* 

Prayer circle, S^i 

Prayer meeting, 49- 

Prayer room, 52'" 

Precedence, 86- 

Precedent, 67-, S^' 

Preceding, 123* 

Predecessor, 1 14- 

Predicate, 59- 

Predisijosition. .|2' 

Prefect, 8-, 132" 
Preferential privileges. 122* 

Prehistoric period, 126' | 

Prejudice, 86"' i 
Preliminary announcement, ■ 

Premier, 6、 8*; 

Pre[iaialion, stage of 1- j 

Preparatory course, 52^ 

Prepare for action, 104."' 

Preposition, 58* 

Prerogatives, natural 136' 

Presbyterian, 46' 

Presbytery, 49* 

Prescribctl dross, 76" 

rresent a flairs, 114* j 

,, emergency, 100' ' 

,、 lensc, 59'' 

,, (verb) arms, 17-, 

H wroncjfiilly, 121* 

Preservation of rare*, 40- 

Prescrve I'cacc, i r i * 
" territorial integritv, S**'* 

President, * S', S" 

-、 of Assembly, 8- 

,, ,, lluard. 132'- 

I ,, ,, society, etc. 37* 

I Presidential mandate, i " 

, Presidiii,^ oflicer, 37' 

Press, etc. 62', 122'- 

,, , freedom of 30' 

Presli^^c, lOi* 

' Prevalent, S^* 

' Prevent, tO|* 

; Pries ounvnt^ i ^^s*- 



Priosts, 

Primary election, 

„ school, 
Prime Minister, 



S21 

122* 

51' 
6', 8' 



,, mover, 90- 
Prince Regent, etc. 6^ 
Principal place, 100' 
,, verb, 58- 
Principlc, 2\ 67、 S'-^ 

,, , fundanienlal, etc. 6/ 
,, , general 
Printing office, 
Priority, right of 
Prison, military, 
Prisoners of \var, 
Private, (soldier) 

,, devotions, 

,, individual, 

,, institutions 

,, secretary, 

、, school, 

,, virtue, 
Privilege, 
Privileges, etc. 

" , special 
Prize, 

,, , naval 
Probationer, 
Problem, 
Process, 
Proclaim, 



137- 
135I 
82- 

136' 

86^、 

lOll 

542, 

48-, 122- 

862 
10", 141' 
,, martial law, ii^ 134- 
Proclamation, 133'^, 141I 

Proctor, 

Procuration, Court of, etc. 191 
Procurator, 191 

" General, S' ' 

Produce, (a witness) 19- 
Producers, 27^ 
I'ro-d) nastic, 33- 
Profession, 11." 

,, , medical 24^ 
Professors, 52 
Professorship, 52- 
Proficiency, 

' Prul'it, etc. 28*, 86- 

rrograin, -o^ 
Progress, 107^ 
I ,, , gradual 140- 
,, of civilization, 39* 
, (verb) 107^ 



264 



INDEX 



Progressive, 82^ 

M Party, 33' 

Promote, 104'- 

Promoted, 54- 

Promoter, 104' 

Promulgate laws, 11* 

Pronoun, 58' 

Pronounce benediction, 49- 

Proo f , read 63- 
PropagandisiH, Stage of 

Propeller, S""" 

Proper, 139* 

,, business, 114^ 

" names, S"'* 

Property, 39' 

" of State, 133^ 

Proposals, 141" 

Propose a bill, 136^ 

Protection of trade, S'^ 

Proprietorship, 121^ 

Prosecutor, 19- 
Pruviiicial Assembly, 7*'-, 8'-- 

Provisional, 80- 

, , Constitution, 133- 

" Government, etc. 8* 
Psvchic Research Sooiely, 38- 



Publishing house, 

Pull clow n, ' 

I'ulm' niary consumption, 

Punctuation marks, 

Punishment, etc. 

Punkah. 

Pupils, etc. 

Puppet officials, 

Purgatory, 

Puritans, 

Purpose, etc. 

,, , ethical 

" , main 

、, , men of 



>, , strong 
Put clown. 
" down forcibly, 
tooether, 

Q. 



62' ! Radio-telegraph station, 
107' i Rnillery, 
135" Kailroad land, etc. 

S"' ; Railroad station, etc. 

19'"' Raise disturbance, etc. 

76' I ,, money, 

52- 1 Range-finder, 
i' ; Rank uf ofricials, 

49" Ransom, seize for 
1 36V Rapid firing- gun, 
lOJ"; Raspberry, 

Rate of exchange, 

67' I ,, " interest, 
141' I Ratify, (by voie) 
3': Ratio: etc. 

79" i\:itionaI, 

43' Rationalism, 67- 
140-; RationSj 
97' I Raw materials, 
79" Reaction, 

I Reactionary, 

(Reading Club, 



90 



Psychology, 
Psychotherapy, 
Public, (adj.) 



Public, 



the 

affairs, 
debt, 
enemy. 
g''o(l, 
mourning. 



" opinion, 

,, P:"k', 

, , peace, 

,, reading room 

M rearing 

,, school, 

,, sentiment, 

" servant, 

" spirited. 
Public stage 

" , to make 
l^iiblication, etc. 
Publicly elected, 
! 'nhlish, etc. 63 
I'uMishei , 



66- 
67- 
80- 
39-, Bo- 

97' 
30' 
03" 
1361 
30I 

69-' 

I childieii, S" 
51' 



Qualifications, etc. 42、 loi-j ,, ^。出, 

" fur military service, 15',' — ,―, hrst, (of bill) 
Qualities, moral 43- 
,, , natural 42^ | 

Quartermaster, 14- 
Ouestion discussed, 35- 



川 Real, 

, the 
estate, 
Rvality, 

'of'brea(Tand butter. S"'"' i Realization, 



:to-. 



30 

70' 
140- 

137- 
1361 

63'^ 



,, , out of the 
Ouestitninaire, 
Quick'-fircrs, 
Ouiet hour, 
( Juoits, to pitch 



Quotation marks, 59 
Ouotations, market 

R. 

Race, etc., (test of speed) 
,, , obstacle 
,, , relay 

,, , etc. , (stock) I- 

,, extinction, 
Racial revolution, 
Racket, tennis 
Radiator, 
Radical Party, 
Radicalism, 
Radiolite watch, 



134- 

37' 



gji Rear, 

gjiii I'ieason, fundamental 
' Reasoning, 
Rebate, 
Rebut, 

Receive officially, 
Receipt, 

Receive a guest, 
Reception, ^qI, 
I ,, hall, 
Reciprocate, 
; •。''•-' Recitation schedule, 
138' r Recognize, 

138' I Recommendation, letter of 

40' \ Reconnoitre, 16^, 

40-1 Reconsider a vote, 

30' 1 Reconstruct, 

70'-' Reconstruction, 
138- Record, phonographic 



33- 
3' 

S"' 



the 

Recording Secretary, 
i\ec<>ver lost privileges, 



37 



138' 
114' 
S« 

73 
95 
9 

134' 
132 
140-' 
16 

7(>- 
S': 
S'" 

35' 

140 

67- 

15'- 
28' 

, S»= 
82- 
38' 

69- 

1362 

S3' 

39' 
67- 
86- 

S'" 
6"' 

43 
27. 
S3 
S 
136 
93' 
93 
69' 
90' 

55 

22 

93 

135 

36 

107 

s- 

S3 

117 



INDEX 



205 



Recreation, 




692 


,, ground, 




70' 


Recrudescence, 




Recruit troops, 


15' 


, S''' 


Recruits, 




14' 


,, , Salvation Army 
Rectifications, secret 


S-' 


1 14' 








Re-elected, 




122' 


R'.enforce, 






" mcnts 

Refectory, 




118 






Reference library, 






Referendum, 




s: 


Reform, 50' 


, to?'. 


139' 


,, Party, ' 






" School, 




S" 


>, Society, 






" , thorough 
Reformatory, 




132' 




19- 


Reformed, 




_ 一 1 


Refute, 




S^* 


Regard as important, 


I iqI 


,, for family, 
Regarding, 










Rcg;irds, kind 






Regime, 




140-^ 


Regiment, 




13' 


Register a letter, 




10' 


Registered trade mark, 


135' 


Registrar, 




192 


Regular, 


58*, 802 


,> army, 


13'. 


134" 


,, session, 
Regulate, 




S'" 


104-, 107';- 


Regulations, 122^ 


131', 


136」 


Reinstate, 




III' 


Relation to, 
Relations, cordial 




90' 






,, , international 


21' 


,, , mutual 






Relative to, 




W、 


Relay race, 




138' 


Release, 




S" 


Relieve truin office, 




'S: 


Religion, 




45' 


Religious belief, 




W 


" interest, 




2' 


Remedy, 
Kcmole, 




S3 
90' 


Remove, 




35' 



Remove from office, etc. 11 
Renaissance, 
Render assistance, 
Reorganize, J5' 
Repair, 

Reply, 140* 
Report' 1 10' 

Reporter, 63-, 123、 

Reporters' gallery, i 
Represent, 1 1 1\ r 

Representative, 
Representatives, House of 
Iveprcss, 
Republic, 

,, of China. 
Ixcpublican Party, 
Reputation, 
Request, 
Requisite, 

-, qualifications, 
Rescript, 
Reservations, 

,, , to make 
Reserve fund, 
Reserved car, 
Reserved rights, 
Reserves, (soldiers) 
Resident minister, 
Resign, 

Resignation, letter of 
Resistance, power of 
Resisting power, 
Resolution, 

Respect, 49 
Ivc^pecting, 
Respects, best 
Rcspotid, 
Respondent, 
Response, 

Responsibility. 86:, 
,' , bear 

Restore, 
Restrain, 
Restrict, 

Restricted meaning. 
Restriction, 

Restriction of Armament, 
Result, 5', 
Results, perfect 
Retreat, way of 
Return receipt, 



30 



-, S' I Return to right, 
S"'"' Reunite, 
S^' Revenue, 
, " , Board of 
,, , national 
S 叫 ,, , stamp 
S3 Reverence, 
137- Revert to type, 
137- Review, 
14' ' ,, , grand 

I III Revise, 
8" Revival meetings, 

97' Revolution, itc. 
6' Revolutionary Army, 
8-; ,, Party. 
33* . Revolver, 
86- i Reward, 

I I o'-j Rhetoric, 
ioo-| Rich in, 
loi' : Rifle, etc, 
133'^' Ri^lit tiling, 

S、' ' Right, divine 

,, , ground of 
27-j ,, of free speech, 
73^ " to exploit mmcB, 
1372! ,, " vote, 
134' : Rights of people, etc. 
22^ I Rights, reserved 
1 1^1 ,, , special 
133- j ,, , wotfien's 
140- Ringleader, 
90- 1 Riot, * 
36M Rioters. 
, 59* Ripe, (opportunity) 
90* I Rise in value, 
94-1 Rising generation, 
5叫 ,, 、我 
19" Rites of religion, 
140* I Ritual, 
S' Road, paved, etc. 

10, Robes, sacrificial 
97*1 Robust, 
97' Rocking chair, 
1 38': Roll, to call the 
97' I Roman Catholic Church, 
Room, study 
67*'- 1 Root, (of word) 
ii8-j Rowdies, 
97-1 ,, , local 
10' I Royal Asiatic Society, 



107* 
79' 

6* 
9' 

1071, S" 
16- 
if 
107I 

S'* 



16^ 



55' 
ii82 

1 61 

118- 
67' 

II' 
30, 

lOl' 

97' 

97' 
S« 

13": 
140' 

rr 
140' 

4"' 
52」 

140- 

97' 
38: 



206 



INDKX 



Royalist, 33- 

Rubber, S" 

,, tire, 74- 

Ruffians, 97- 

Run on Banks, S'" 

Running expenses, 54、 137^ 
Rupture, (of relations) 90、 S"'3-、 



s. 



31"-, 86' 

83-^ 
30' 
140''- 

76' 



77 



Sabbath, 
Sacred, etc. 
Sac ri lice, etc. 
Sacrificial hat, etc. 
Safe, (noun) 

conduct, 
Safety pin, 
Salary, teacher's 
Salt Bureau, 
,, Gabelle, 
Salute by, etc. 

,, , military 
Salvation Army, 
Same speech, etc. 
Sanitation, 
Sanitary inspectors, 
Sap, to 
Satirist, 
Satisfied, 
Satisfactory, 
Saturday, 
Savings Bank, 
Scabbard, 
Scale of living, 
Scarf, 

Scarlet Fever, 

Scenery, stage 

Schedule, recitation 

Scholars, 

Scholarslup, (attainments) 5V 
,, , (free tuition) 123- 

Schoiastics, 1^ 

School, etc. . 51】': 
" , Correspuiulence 122" 
" system, 132^ 
,、 of philosophy, 67'^ 
,, ,, thought, 
" , to leave 54^ 

Sciioolhouse, 52、 S" 

Science, etc. 55' 
, Medical 24* 



139 
54' 

9' 

93', 94' 

136' 
24' 
24' 

i' 

139' 
139' 

16' 

139' 

70' 
55' 



Science, Moral, etc. 

,, , Physical 
Scientists, i 
Scope, general 
Scout, 
vScouts, Boy 

,, ,, (Chinese) 
Screens, ily 
Sea-batliing, 

,, stjiiadrun, 
Searchlight, 

、, warrant, 
Sea Power, 
Seas, inland 
Second a motion, 

,, in cuiiiniaiKl, etc. 

,, term men, 
Secondary, 
Seconder, 
Secret, 

,, (li-affectiun, 

" rectifications, 

" service, 

" session, 

,. societies, 

,, telegram, 

,, treaty, 
Secretary, 

" , chief 

" , corresponding, etc 
,, , departmental 
,, of Legation, 22 

Section, larmy) 

Sects, 

Secure funds, 
Security f 'r loan, 
Sc'luce, 
Seemly, 
Segregated, 
Se'ze, etc. 
vSeize for ransom, 
Select, 
H and 



,, ,, separate, 
Selection, natural 
Self-consciousness, 
-control, 
-de 'c ise, 
-evidjnt truth, 
-governing section, 
-government, 



55" 



66- 

55' 

67' 
14' 
37' 

122- 
76' 

135' 
14' 
】6」 
S'' 
22' 
22' 
35' 

134' 

136' 
82- 
4"^ 
114' 
S' 
11"^ 

38」 
73' 

8' 

35' 
37' 

, 

45' 

27- 
97- 
139' 
4' 

97' 
1402 

141; 

122- 
30' 

97' 

30* 



Sel f-respect, 1 36* 

,, -sacrifice, 30'** 
,, -supporting students, 122- 



Selrtshness, 
Seniicivilizcd, 
Semicolon, 

Seminary, Theological 
Senate, 

,, of University, 
Senile, 
Sensation, 
vSense, 

,, , common 43*, 136 

,, perce[)tion, 
Sensibilities, 
Sentence, 
Sentiment, 

" , public 
Sentimental, 
Sentry box, 
Separate, 

, , peace, 
Separately, 
Separation, 
vSequestrate, 
Sergeant, 
Scnnon, 
Servant, public 
Servia, 

Service, (^labor) 

" , military, etc 



131' 

1362 
8- 

82- 

SI" 

43' 

3o 

S'' 
2 

II 

s ,: 

4; 
135., 

49. 
ii《 

139' 
862, S3-' 

1341, s: 



,, , (meeting)mcmorial 93^ 

Servile, 90: 

,, labor, 4" 

Session, (sitting) 35】 

,, 'extra 35; 

" , full 

,, • , (ecclesiastical) 49 

Settle, 35; 

" an a Hair, 141 

,, amicably, 117 

Settled, not ' 36^ 

Settlement of accounts, 133^ 

,, , peaceful 117 

,, , (colony) 39; 

Settlers, foreign 40 

Seltlinsj waste lands, 39^ 

Sever the empire, 4 

Sex, female 39^ 

Sexes, equal rights of .^o* 

Shame, 4? 



INDEX 



207 



oiiciiignai> 


872, I so- 


binukeiess p^.'wuer, 


16- 


Special envoy, 




on 








S^'ciabilily, 




,, privileges, 






Shantung, 




87' 


1 
Social, 




,, nghts, 




101' 


Sliareholder, 




27' 


,, luiKtion, 


69- 
701 


" session 




35' 






s':; 


,, gathering, 
Social gifts, men of 


" taxes, 




133' 


Shawl, 




S-' 




" telegram, 




137'-' 


Sheath, bayonet 




16' 


,, intercourse, 




,, train, 
Specialists, 


73 




Shell, bomb 


le-, 




" reform, etc. 


39 


I' 


Sliensi, 




,, service, 
Socialism, 


CIS 


Specialized, 


831, 


Sheriff, 




39' 


Species, origin of 




55" 


Ship, battle 




16'-' Socialists, 


33 


Specific, 




138' 


,, launching, 




140- 


Societies, right to convene 
Society, (association) 


,,.1 
3<J 


Speculation, 


27, 




" , sister 
Shoeblacking, 




S' 


35, 


Speech, (an address) 






77' 


,, , Aid, etc. 


37' 

40 


,, , freedom of 




3o' 


Shop, 






,, , Bible, etc. 


" , part of 

Speed, 




137' 


Sliort-coming, 




100- 


,, for Prevention of 






S,2 


,, -cut, 

,, -hand report, 
Shut-imt, 




118' 


Cruelty, etc. 


, 《 Hi 


Speedy, 








76' 


" , to disband 


Spell, 




137' 




I3S' 


,, , indepv-ndent, etc. 


- _i 
35 


vS pel ling, 




137' 


Should, 




123-' 


,, , International Re- 




Sphere, (social position) 




Shrapnel, i6'-, 13^ 


'-, vS" 


form 


38 


" , woman's 






Sick man of East, 




139' 


,, , member of 


37 


,, , (jurisdiction) 


lOI: 




Side, (of case) 




100' 


,, , Missionary 


- .1 
45 


,, , of influence, 


etc. 




" walk, etc. 




138^ 


,, , Red Cross, etc. 


38 




22\ S" 


Sides, both, etc. 




100' 


, Tract 


矗 /L I 


Spirit, 




43' 


Siege guns, 






,, , (human) 
Sociology, 


39 


,, of, etc. 




3''2 


Sign, (noun) 


51, 


114' 


39' 


,、 , College 




53' 


,, (verb) a document. 


s: 


Soda water, 


70 


,, , public 




30; 


Signals, 




135' 


Solar calendar, ' 


. . I 
31 


,, , realm of 






. " , light 




16- 


" system, 


C23 


1, , slave 




00' 


Signature, 




11' 


Soldiers, disbanded, etc. 


- -1 


,, , (alcohol) lamp 
Spiritual culttire, etc. 




76' 


Signification, 




137' 
27' 


" , pay of, etc. 


15' 


49 


, S-' 


Silver, depreciation 


of 


" , Salvation Army, 





,, nature, 
Spiritualists, 




43 


Silver mint, 




10' 


,, , trained 


14' 




45' 


" wedding, 
Simple, 






Solicit, 


1 10* 


Splendid, 




^3' 




79' 


Solicitor-al-law, 


19' 


Sponge, 
Spontaneous, 


76-, 139' 


Simplified style, 






Soothsayers, 






1-6' 


Sine (jua iiun, 




100- 


Sophism, 


60' 


Sports, 




70 


Sinj;le, 


79 


, s:"' 


Soul, 


43' 

liS- 






13' 
, 14' 


Sint;ular number, 




58: 


" and body, 


Squadron, 


13' 


Sink (a ship), to 




S' 


Sound, vocal 


137' 


Stable, (firm) 






Situation, 




8s' 


Southern Party, 


S'" 


Staff, General 




132' 


Skeptics, 




寸 


Soviets, 


S" Staff officer, 




142 


Sketch, pen and ink 




Sovereignly, 


1 1' 1 Stage of, etc. 






Skill, 






Space, 


s - 


, ,, , public 
1 Stalls, (theatre) 




70' 


SkiD-clccp, 






vSpanish Iiirtuenza, 


S'- 




70' 




70', 




Speaking of, 


f)0' 


Stalwart, 




83' 


Sliivc spirit, 




9" 


Special, 83', S*" 


Stamp 山, ty, 






Slaves, 


4 


% 07' 


,, appoMitiiieiitf 


133 


" , comuieniorative 


73' 


Sleepiii)!; car, 






,, course, 51 


! - ,1 


" , posUgt' 




10' 


Sleiglil oi hand, 




"1' 


,, delivery, 


Id' 


Stand at attention. 







206 



INDEX 



Standard, loi: 




" pronunciation, 




,, weights, etc. 




" , financial 


s" 


,, , adopt gold 


lO' 


,, , not up to 




Standardized language, 




Standards, 




Statiding army, 


134' 


Stand-pipe, 


S-' 


Start, 


S3; 


Start new enterprise, 


T04' 


,, on expedition, 




,, revolution. 




Starting point, 


100- 


State church. 


43' 


,, Department, 




,, , Ministers of 6", 


121- 


,, I property of 
Statesmen, 


133' 


131' 



Station, (verb) 
,, , police 



Street lecturing, S*; 

,, regulations, 133* 
Strength of purpose, 43" 
" , united 79' 
Strenuous activity, (outward) 4' 



,, ,R'R. 


- 、.i 


Statistics, 


Steal away, 


121' 


Steam cars, 




,, engine, 




" launch, 


74' 


,, whistle, 




Steamer, 


74' 


Steel engraving, 


r37' 


Stenographer, 


76' 


Step in advance, 




Stercopticon, 


70' 


Stigma, 


lOl' 


Stimulate, 


104' - 


Stimulus, 


90=, s:" 


Stir up, 


104" 


Stock, 




" , certificate of 


135' 


" company, 
" exchange, 


271 




" holder, 


27' 


Stone age, 


131' 


Store, 




Story, 


63' 


Strategic point, 




Strategy, 




Straw matting, 


76' 


Strawberry, 


76- 


Street lamp, 


76' 



Stress, to lay 
Stretcher, 
Strike, (industrial) 
Striking clock. 
Stringency; financial 
Strong, 
" nian» 
n purpose, 
30' , Strongly pai tizan, 
" Structure, 
Struggle for life, 
Stub, 

Student, etc. 

,, Volunteers, 
Students* strike, 
11 Union, 
* I Studies of curriculum, 
Study in school, 
, , into, 
, , rooms, 



27-, 
83', 



55 



vS'-'j Subject, (theme) 
"'1 1 ,, , (in Grammar) 
Subjective, 
Subjugated nation, 
Subjunctive mood, 
Subliminal consciousness, 
Submarine boat, etc. i6^ 
,, cable, 73-, 
Submit for decision, 
Subnormal mind, 
Subordinate, 100 
Subixena a witness, 
Subscribe for paper, 
Subscribed capital, etc. 27'-, 
Subscription, etc. 9- 
Subsequent news, 

272 

672 

I I 2, 

1 62 
741 



1 10' 

s'- 
28- 

76' 

135' 
139' 
114' 
43' 

, s" 

136' 

S-- 

55' 
iiqI 

522 
83' 

59—' 

40' 

59' 
67' 

134' 
138' 
35' 
67' 
' S'" 
192 



Success, 6y'' 

Succession, close i 39^, S'" 

Sufficient, 83- 

Sultragettcs, 38- 

Suggestion, 67' 

Sui generis, 83 1 

Suit case, 76* 

" , business, etc. 76^ 

,, , (legal) civil, etc. ig^ 

Suitable, 83, 

" business, 114' 

Sum total, S*。 

Summary, S'* 

Summer conference, S 站 

,, school, 122* 

Summon, 192 

,, soldiers, i6' 

Summons, ig- 

Sunday, 31=, 86' 

,, School, 492 

Superb, 83* 

Super Dreadnaught, S'' 

Superficial, 4^ 
Superintendentof Education, 8- 
,, of Industries, lai'-^ 



Subsidiary coins, 

Subsidize, 

Substance, 

,, , in 
Substitute, (noun) 
Subterranean mine, 
vSubwayj 



General 

Superior, 

,, force, 
Superlative, 
Supernatural, 
Superstition, 
Supplement, 

,, , (verb) 
Suppress publication, 
Supremacy, 
Supreme Court, 
Surcharged stamps, 73', 
Surgeon, 

,, , army 
Surgical operation, 
Survival of fittest, 
Suspect, a 

I Suspend, (membership) 
I ,, publication, 
I " ' specie payment, 

Suzerain, 

Suzerainty, 
I Swallow-tail coat, 
I Sword, 
! Syllable, 

Syllogism, 



14 



49' 
123' 

137' 
86, 

19' 
138' 
24' 

542 

137' 

121^ 

58' 



INDEX 



209 



Sympathy, 


' 140^ 


Syndicate, 




Synod, 


49' 


Syiiony ni. 


581, 137' 


Synthetic, 


67' 


System, etc. 




" , legal 


20- 


" , school 


132' 


Systematic, 
Systematize, 


80' 




Szechuen, 


87' 



T. 

Table, lay on the 122- 

Tablet, (medicin©) 122' 

Tacit assent, S^' 

Tactics, 134- 

Take advantage of, 132' 

care, no' 

the chair, 35' 

" lead, 104' 
part hi, 

a per cent, 27- 

Talcnt, 42I 

Talkers, empty 121' 

Tardy, 35" 

Taste, 43- i 

Tanbe, 138- ' 

Tax, export, etc. y, 133' 

Taxation, S'' 

" , indirect 133^ 

Taxes, special 133* 

Tea-party, 70^ 

Teacher, 52^ 

,, , salary of 54' 

Technical, 83- 

,, terms, 55^, 

Telci^ram, etc. 63', 137- 

Telegraphic cable, 73'^ 

" code, 73\ S-^ 

Telegraphy, wireless 73' 

Telepathy, IJ5- 

Telephone, 74- 

Tclescope, 55- 

TeinperauKiit, 42' 

Temporary. 80」, i ^g' 
,, enthusiasm, S" 
Tendency, 42', 132', S^' 

Tender for contract. S*' 

Tennis, 70^ 



Tense, (of verb) 
Tentative, 

I Ten" ( period) at school, 
Term of office, 

„ , (word) 
Terms, technical 

" of agreement, 
Terminology, 
Territorial forces, 
" office, 
Territory of state, 
Testimony^ 
Text of treaty, 
Textbooks, 
Theatre, 

Theatricals, 70' 
Theme, 

Theological Seminary, 
Theology, 

Theoretical, 66-j 
Theory, 66*'-, 

,, , development 
Thermometer, 

" , clinical 
Thermos bottle, 
Thing, important 
Third-rate barbarism, 
Thorough reform, 
Thoroughly done, 
Tliouj^Iit, freedom of 

" , line of, etc. 

" , lofty 

" , realm of 

" , school of 
Through, to carry 

,, train, 
Thursday, 31' 
Tirket of admission, 
,, , R. R., etc. 
,, , steamship 
Tientsin, 
Time, 
Times, the 

, keep up with 
Time-server, 
Tippet. 
Tire, rubber 
Title, 

,, , official 
Tonic, 

Tool, f rtgiirativd 



59' 

54' 
1 1- 

137' 
55' 

134I 
132' 
22' 
192 

70' 

35' 

55'' 
76* 

242 

21' 
no' 

30- 

6;' 
118- 

iioi 

, 86^ 
70' 

7y 

74' 
872 

85' 
85' 
30- 

139' 
74' 
1 142 
121- 

131^ 



Tool, to use as 118' 

Topic, 35- 
Torchlight procession, 70' 
Torpedo, etc. i6" 
Total attendance, 35^ 
j Tour for pleasure, 69' 
I of inspection, 110' 
I Tour, to make a 138* 
I " , wedding- 140' 

? out ensemble, loi* 
races, S" 
i Track, R. R. 73* 
Trade, etc. 27、 S^' 

" mark, «8-, 135* 

,, , closed to, etc. 22^-'^ 
,, , competition in 28* 
Trading post, S^* 
Tragedy, S* 
Train, freight, etc. yy 
Train of cars, 138^ 
Trained soldiers, 
Training, moral, etc. 
,, College, (S.A.) 
,, ship, 
Traitor, 
Tram, electric 
Tramp, 

Transfer to other office, i 
,, to other school, 
Transforming power, 
Transfusion of blood, 
Transitional, 
Transitive, 

Translation, (in paper^ 

, literal 
Transliteration, 
Transport for soldiers, 



H', 134' 
51: 

s» 

s" 

74' 

:,S: 

54' 
90: 

137: 

! 37 

Travel for pleasure, 69*. 138* 
Travelling ha^, 76* 
Treasurer, Provincial 7- 
,, of society, 37* 
Treasures, protect national 1 17' 



Treasury, 

Treat, ' 
,, well, 

Treatment, 

Treaty, etc. 
,, port, 
,, , to make 

Trenches, 

Trend of affairs, 



^33 
90' 

S" 

凿 2=. 135' 
22- 
II*, 22- 



210 



INDEX 



Trend of public opinion, 
Tribes, 

Tribunal, Hague 
Trickery, 
Trolley, 
Troop, 

Troops, to move 
Troublesome, 
Truce, 

True meaning, 
Trust, (inoiv poly) 122 
Truth, to tell the 
Try a case, 

Tuesday, 31 
Tug of war, 
Tuition fees, 
Tunnel, 
Till key, 
Tutor, 

Typewriter, etc. 
Typhus, 

Typify, 1 1", 

Typist, 

Tyrannical officers, 

,, spirit, 
Tyranny, 97^ 

u. 

Ultimatum, 
Umpire, 
Unadulterated, 
ILianimous, 36^ 
Unanimously passed, 
Unceremoniously, 
Uncertain, 
Uncivilized, 

Unconditional surrender, 
Unconsolidated, 
Uncouth, 
Undecided, 
Undergraduates, 
Understood, (not expressed) 
Unemployed, 
Unenlightened, 
Unequivocal, 
Unexpended balance, 
Unification uf currency, 
Uniform, (dress) 
,, , soldiers* 

,, , (adj.) 
Uniformity, 



131 = I Unify, 79I 

1 35' ' Unimportant details, 5^ 

22^1 Union, 79I 

32 1 ,, of five rac«s, 30' 
74I Unique, 79、 'S3' 

1 3* [Unison, 79- 

16- Unit, 79I 

832 Unitahanism, 43* 

16- Unite, 79- 

137I United, etc. 79'-'- 

1, Unitedly, 79^ 

S" Unity, 79I 
135I Universal, 82'-, S^i 

86- ,, education, 51' 

70- " principle, 67^ 

54' Universalisni, 45* 

S^a University, 51- 

139- Unlimited, S^* 
52"" Unlimited monarchy, 6^ 
761 Unmixed, 79^ 

135" Unorganized gathering, 5- 

114' ! Unqualified, S"' 

76' Unsanitary, -24' 

97' Unsound, 83^ 

32 Unstable, 83^ 

140- Unsteady, 83' 
Unsuccessful, 139^ 
Unsympathetic, 4- 

135- Untenable position, 5- 

Si7 | Up to date, 39I 
79I Uphold, 1042, 

90- ,, law, S" 

36^ " the peace, iii- 

1181 Uplift of humanity, 117' 

122^ Upper classes, 39^ 

1361 ,, House, 8- 

S'* Urge, 104- 

4- Usage, S^" 
83- Use, 1072, 

36^ ,, as a tool, 1 1 81 

" , (noun) S^" 

5S- LMier, if 

36^ I Usurp, 97I 

39* Utilitarianism, 3- 
S'^ I Utility, 362, 129- 

27- Utmost, loi' 

^33: V. 
76- 

15I Vacation, etc. 137^ 

791 1 Vagabonds, 97- 

79^1 Validity, of no 139* 



Valise, 76' 

Vanguard, 14^ 

Variance, to be at 90* 

Viu'iety, 126- 

Various, 80- 

Vassal, tributary 40- 
Vatican, 

Vegetable kingdom, 

Vegetarianism, 3* 

Veins, S*'- 

Veneer, outside 100^ 

\'elocity, 

Veiiture, iii- 

Venturesome, 43' 

Verb, 58、 137' 

Veto, 36- 

Vicarious sacrifice, 30- 

Vice-president, 37' 

I Viceroy, 7' 

Victory, 114^, 135' 
View, from every point of 100' 

" , point of 100', 121' 

,, , world 66- 

Vigor of mind, etc. 43* 

Vigorous, 139* 

Vile, 132* 

Violate, S^'' 

Violence, 97^ 

Violent, 42- 

», , too 971 

Virile, 83' 

Virtue, private 136* 
Vision, (sight) 

Vision, larger 66'- 

Visit of inspection, 110* 

" , pay formal 22^ 
Visitors in assemblies, etc. 69- 

V ocal sound, 137* 

Vocational training, S" 

Voice, (Grammar) 5B- 

,> , active, etc. 59^ 

,, , (opinion) 140、 S'* 

Volition, 43- 

Volley, 17- 

,, ball, 

Voluntarily rendered, 86- 

Volunteers, 134', S"* 

Vote, etc. 3o\ 351-2 

,, , put to 122- 

Vo、v, 1 1 41 

V 曜 1, 581 



INDEX 



211 



w. 






Wide experience, 








,, interpretation, 


138! 






02 


" vision, 


b 


War office, 






Wild zeal, 




" , Board of 







Windbags, 


I 


" , to declare 




T T 1 


Windmill, 


76' 


,, , seat of 




12 I" 


vV indow-bhnd, 


70 


" zone, 




- - -1 


Wing of army, etc. 


14 


Warm-blooded, 






Winter vacation, 


C23 


Washington Conference, 




Wire entanglements, 




Waste lands, settling 






Wireless installation, 


138' 


Watch, military 




14 


,, telegraphy, 


73 


W a tell word, 




iH 


,, telephony, 
Wisdom, worldly 


b 


Water color painting, 






136,, 


" , piped 






Withdraw motion, 




Wavering, 




- 1 

97'^ 


Witness, (legal) 


19 


Way of retreat, 




VV. C 丄. U. 


38 


Ways that are dark, 






Woman, 


s« 


Weak, 




0-1 

03 


Women, 


39: 


Weakness, 






Women's rights, 


30', s" 


Weal, public 




lOI- 


,, sphere, 




Wealthy, the 




- - T 1 


,, suffrage, 
Word, in a 


38'-' 


Weather, 




" 




" forecast, 




, 


Words, in other 


S'l 


, , report, 







Work for private ends, etc. 104^ 


Wedding, 


93'. 


I40I 


j Workhouse, 


133'" 


, 1 tour, 

Wednesday, 






\V orkshop, 


27' 


31' 


, OD^ 


World, to go around 


118^ 


Week. 


31 


<ifyl 


of thought. 


s' 


Weekly paper, 


62 


', S'" 


" spirit, 


552 


Weight, - 






: " view, 


66- 


Welcome, meeting of, etc. 


93' 


,, weary, 


42' 


Well-established. 




83' 


,, , (a class) 




West, the 




86- 


1 " , coniiiiercial 
WorMIy wisdom, 


39' 
136^ 


Western customs, 




69' 


Whig, 






1 Worst has liappentd, 


u82 



Worth, 

Worthy of confidence, 
Wreaths, to send 
Wrestling, art of 
Writ of Habeas Corpus, 
Write from dictation, 
Written method, 
Wuchang, 

X, 

X-rays. 

Y. 

Yard, school 
Year, ,, 

,, of our Lord, 

,' , Boxer 

,, , school 
Yearly expenditure, etc. 
Yellow peril, 
Yield, 

Y. M. C, A\ 
Y. W. C. A'. 
Youth, gilded 
Yunnan, 




Zeal, 

,, , wild 
Zealots, 

Zeppelin airship, 
Zoological garden 
, Zoology. 



i, ,巧 M," 15 ISIEV 气 V3 V ,-, s 



INDEX ARRANGED ACCORDING 
TO ROMANIZATIONS 



INDEX ARRANGED ACCORDING 
TO ROMANIZATIONS 



>^ G 3 8 9 o 4 ? 35912 4 Gort^^ ^n^M^H 

脹 菖跟長 閬障錄 ^ 5^ 愤廠 場梳常 廠恨曰 c 暢^ 

8 3 1 2 1 6 3 4 435147 5 8^5^^^^ 

5 6 6 6 6 6 7 112222 0-333 4 4 4 

覘諮 識識 躔錢條 ^ 丈仗娼 k# 帳張彰 举敞杖 漲 琿揮章 



3 9 8 7 5 7 9 7 258 1 6 66913 6524 

6001 7 0014124 5769093 7 2 7^ 

4 4 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 n I 1 2 4 4 5 5 5 

瞻站 綻蘸詁 詹譫輾 I 沾颜鹧 化 g 饞剗 婵巉懷 攙產禪 繩蔵^ 

1 2 6 4 4 8 911126 00 5 7 706 ^-^^ 

6 7 0048 2 7 29 4955000U4-^^^^ 

2 3 4 5 6 6 n 11-2 2 3333330034 

册 拆柴瘵 躉豺釵 ^佔. ^堑展 懺戰斬 旃嫩^ 棧酕 沽洪盡 

037032437 5 44^2 9^ O^^MH S 

8998834608 24^478^^^^ .16 

111223356 6 i 111- 2 467-5 

察 #a 差插擦 查槎茶 詫鍤^ - 仄侧愤 墜宅寨 摘^. " ^ 



4706 0^ 334 7 1 6111 ^ 3^^4 ^ C 4 

• 19-33333 34 45 5 5 t 6667 1 

"乍差 扎札栅 棹楂梓 渣炸剳 紮茁炸 詐酷鋼 iE 蚱 u 侘叉. 吖 



5 7 7 6 4 7 1 8 2 75 07 7 944584^ 

1 3 6 1 9 1 9 -0 9559 0038 -9 1 6 0« 

3 3 5 6 6 7 3 4 1 2 3 4 S 5 5 6 6 6 

暗案 蕃諳^ 鞍." ^昂盎 A 傲奧 愤敖^ 熬 翊整襖 m;; 遨 鎏 

7 44662385009 6 o-^u^ r*2-2ss2-*3 

9 11134*716 7 75 7 oil 7 9 o n 

^ 1111 2 23445 55777nllr^22 

阿 哎 哀咬埃 愛挨曖 "J- 礙艾 鶄溢^ IS A 安岸 庵惜按 



Cb'ieh 



9 

4 4 



9 1 



CI 

5 



25 00 o 3 2 

2 2 3 4 4 5 



2 9 9 2 3 932^^^^^^^ g 

5 5 5 8 9 冗 S 

5 5 6 5 5 6 G G 6 G 6 666 r/ 7 

成紙緻 絷織置 職肢脂 至致芝 ^踟 製誌鼓 質贄趾 踟臧輜 陟隻难 



1 3 4 5 6 

3^ 3 3 3 .ES 



9 2』 

6 7i 



4 6 6 

4 4 5 



cy 1 CO CO 6 2 



904-44456 6 7 7 

34444444 4 4 4 

旨 晳枳植 止殖汁 池治滯 炙索痔 癡直知 砥祉祇 秩稚梶 稱窒笞 

之侄制 底只^ 啻嗤 址執娃 媸尺崎 展帙幟 蔬志忮 指挂摯 擲支敕 



3 

7 



8 1 



4 4 

1 2 



4 7 - 7 2 

4 6 8 5 



o 00 

6 7 



9 

5 



6 4 5 9 ^ 



o 



3 

8 



餞鵜 gic 倩命千 塹愆慊 掛擒欠 淺籤^ 虔 褰謙譴 遣遷^ 鉗鉛錢 



IS 

C 



9 ^ 

9 

4 WO 



9 

1 



15 5 

5 5 5 



1 <■。 6 

4 6 6 7 

5 5 5 5 



7 9 9 

5 5 6 



5 8 

1 1 



9 

3 





4 

6 



5 7 8 

8 8 8 



9 

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St:" 1 6 RECC 



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