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THE NEW TESTAMENT 

IX THE 

ORIGINAL GREEK 



THE TEXT REVISED BY 

BROOKE FOSS WESTCOTT, D.D. 

CANON OF PETERBOROUGH, AND REGIUS PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY, CAMBRIDGE 

AND 

FENTON JOHN ANTHONY HORT, D.D. 

IIULSEAN PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY, CAMBRIDGE 



AMERICAN EDITION 

with ^jn- introduction 
By PHILIP SCHAFF, D.D., LL.D. 

PROFESSOR IN THE UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, NEW YORK 
PRESIDENT OF THE AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE 






! ))-' 









NE\V YORK 
HARPER & BROTHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE 

1881 







\ 



A UOKVM UTTERAE SUNT EIUSMODI UT NON PARUM 
MULTOS PABMTUERIT INSUMPTAE I* ILUS OPERAE. . . . 
AT PELIX ILLE QUEM * HISCE LITTERIS MEVITANTEM 
MORS OCCUPAT. HAS IOITUR TOTO PECTORE SITIAMUS 
OMNES, HAS AMPLECTAMUR, IN HIS IUCITER VERSE- 
MUR HAS EXOSCULEMUR, HIS VEMUM IMMORIAMUR, 
IN HAS TRANSPORMEMUR, QUANDOQUWEM ABEUNT STU- 
DIA IV MORES. . . . HAE TIB! SACROSANCTAE MENTIS 
ILL IUS VIVAM REEERUNT IMAGINE*!, IPSUMQUE CHRIS- 
TUM EOQUENTEM, SANANTEM, MORIENTEM, RESVRCEN- 
TMM t *mU* rOTUM ITA PRAESENTEM EEODUNT, UT 
MINUS VISURUS SIS SI CORAM OCULIS CONSPICIAS. 

ERASMUS MDXVI 



****!!■. fen"™*"""™" 



GENERAL CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Introduction to the American Edition vii 

THE GOSPEL 

ACCORDING TO MATTHEW 3 

ACCORDING TO MARK 72 

ACCORDING TO LUKE 114 

ACCORDING TO JOHN 187 

THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES 245 

THE CATHOLIC EPISTLES 

of James 317 

of Peter 1 324 

of Peter II 331 

of John 1 336 

of John II 344 

of John III 345 

of Jude 346 

THE EPISTLES OF PAUL 

to the Romans 351 

to the Corinthians 1 378 

to the Corinthians II 403 

to the Galatians 420 

TO the Ephesians 429 

TO the Philippians 438 

TO THE COLOSSIANS 445 

TO the Thessalonians I h . 452 

to the Thessalonians II 458 

to the Hebrews 462 

to Timothy 1 484 

to Timothy II 491 

to Titus 496 

to Philemon 499 

THE APOCALYPSE OF JOHN 503 



INTRODUCTION 



TO THE 



AMERICAN EDITION 



BY 

PHILIP SCHAFF 



CONTENTS 

OF THE 

INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



Merits of the Edition 
Literature .... 



rage 

vii 



I. SOURCES OF THE GREEK 
TEXT OF THE NEW TES- 
TAMENT xii 

1. The Greek Manuscripts xlii 

A. Uncial Manuscripts xv 

B. Cursive Manuscripts xxxii 



The 


Ancient Versions . 


xxxv i 


A. 


Syriac Versions . . 


xxxvii 


B. 


Latin Versions . . 


xl 


C. 


^Ethiopic A'ersion . 


xlvi 


J). 


Old Egyptian, or Cop- 






tic, Versions . . . 


xlvi 


E. 


Gothic Version . . 


xlviii 


F. 


Armenian Version . 


xlix 


Patristic Quotations 


xlix 


A. 


Greek Fathers 


1 


B. 


Latin Fathers 


li 



II. THE VARIATIONS AND 

TEXTUAL CRITICISM . lii 

1. Origin of Variations , lii 

2. Number of Variations liii 

3. Value of Variations . l'.ii 



Page 

i. Classes of Variations . lviii 

Omissions lviii 

Additions lviii 

Substitutions .... lxii 

5. Object of Criticism . . lxii 

0. Rules of Criticism . . lxiii 
7. Application of the Rules lxiv 

III. THE PRINTED EDITIONS 

OF THE GREEK TEXT . Ixv 

1. First Period: The Tex- 

tus Receptus. From 
Erasmus and Beza to 
Bengel and Wetstein, 
A.D. 1516-1750 ... Ixvi 

2. Second Period: Transi- 

tion from the Textus 
Receptus to the Uncial 
Text. From Griesbach 
to Laciimann, A.D. 1770- 
1830 lxxviii 

3. Third Period : The Prim- 

itive Text. From Lach- 
maxn and tlschendorf 
TO Westcott AND Hort, 
A.D. 1830-1881 . . . lxxxi 



Index to Notation 



lxxxix 



INTRODUCTION 

TO TIIE 

AMERICAN EDITION. 

BY 

Philip Schaff. 



Merits of the Edition. 

The seventeenth day of May, 1881, marks an epoch in 
the history of the New Testament. It is the birthday 
both of the purest English translation and of the* purest 
Greek text of that little book which contains the inspired 
message of God's wisdom and love to mankind, and which 
forms the highest standard of Christian faith and duty. 

The coincidence is remarkable. The original and the 
translation were matured during the same long period by 
harmonious, though independent, co-operation, The Edi- 
tors of the Greek text were members of the English New 
Testament Company of Revisers ; the English and Ameri- 
can Revisers had the confidential use of advanced proof- 
sheets of this edition of the Greek text as they proceeded, 
and their translation is perhaps more nearly conformed to 
it than to any other printed edition from Erasmus and 
Beza down to Teschendorf and Treadles. 

The Textus Receptus, so called, was Hnnounced to the 
world by the Ley den publishers in 1633, with the bold 



viii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

declaration, " Textum ergo habes nunc ab omnibus recep- 
*um" I venture to introduce the Greek Testament of 
Westcott and Hort with the modest assertion, Hie habes 
textum omnium editionum antiquissimum et purissimum.. 
It is based exclusively on documentary evidence, and on 
the most careful comparison of all the ancient sources of 
the text as they have been collected and made available by 
the indefatigable diligence of former editors, especially of 
Lachmann, Tischendorf, and Tregelles. It embodies the 
results of the combined labours of more than a quarter of 
a century. It will, of course, not supersede the large edi- 
tions which contain the whole critical apparatus ; but it 
will take its rank at once among the best standard edi- 
tions of the Greek Testament.* 

I b(3came personally acquainted with the editors and 
their work twelve years ago (at Harrow, in 1869), and saw 
them afterwards repeatedly at Cambridge, London, and 
Peterborough. I formed such a favourable opinion of the 
value of their labours that I engaged from them and their 
publisher (Mr. Macmillan) duplicate plates for an Ameri- 

* The Saturday Review of London for May 21, 1881, in a 
notice of the Revised Version of the New Testament, incident- 
ally mentio this Greek edition with the remark, "The Clar- 
endon Press volume [Archdeacon Palmer's Greek Test.] is beau- 
tifully printed. Though this, again, is eclipsed by the exquisite 
edition of Dr. Westcott's and Dr. Hort's Greek text, issued by 
the Pitt Presj m the same 17th of May, a day to be much re- 
membered by Biblical critics. This last work, formed exclu- 
sively on documentary evidence, without reference to any print- 
ed text, has been long expected by scholars. It is probably the 
most important contribution to Biblical learning in our genera- 
tion. The Revisers it is understood, had the advantage of con- 
sulting it during &a progress of their work." 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. is 

can edition, which, is now published by the Messrs. Harper 
& Brothers.* This opinion ripened into conviction by con- 
stant use, since 1870, of proof-sheets of this text, in my 
edition of Lange's " Commentary on John " (see the crit- 
ical notes), in my exegetical lectures, and in my labours 
as a member of the Revision Committee. 

Drs. Westcott and Hort are ranked in England among 
the best Greek and Biblical scholars of the age. Dr. Hort 
(educated at Rugby School and Trinity College, Cambridge) 
is Hulsean Professor of Divinity in the University of Cam- 
bridge (since 1878). He is probably more familiar with the 
textual history of the Greek Testament than any other man 
living. He exerted great influence in the Revision Com- 
pany on all matters of reading. His. Ttvo Dissertations on 
fjLovoy£in)g Qeog and on the Constantinopolitan Creed (1876) 
evince a rare degree of patristic learning and critical acumen. 



* The letter of the Messrs. Harper, in which they accepted 
my proposition, is dated May 17, 1871, on the same day of the 
same month on wmich the book was published ten years after- 
wards in London. But as Westcott and Hort did not contem- 
plate a critical apparatus below the text, I made subsequently 
an agreement with my friend, Prof. Tischendorf, for the prep- 
aration of an American edition containing his own latest text, 
with a very brief digest of his critical apparatus (somewhat sim- 
ilar to his editio critica minor, only more condensed, and confined 
to the oldest readings) for the use of students; thinking that 
there would be room for two editions, each having its special 
merits. Tischendorf actually began the work in 18T3, and sev- 
eral sheets were set up at Leipsic when his death, in Decem- 
ber, 1874, ended his earthly labours, preventing him from even 
preparing the Prolegomena to his eighth critical edition. I 
know of no scholars wdio could better carry out the plan of 
such an edition than Prof. Dr. Ezra Abbot in Cambridge, Mass., 
and Dr. Caspar Rene Gregory in Leipsic. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

Westcott (born 1825 ; educated at Trinity College, Cam- 
3ge) is Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge (since 
i"0), and Canon of Peterborough (since 1869). He is 

author of several able and useful works, as a History 
the English Bible ; a History of the Canon of the New 
tiament ; an Introduction to the Study of the Gospels; 
I a Commentary on the Gospel of John, which ranks 
Dng the best parts of the Speaker's Commentary. These 
) scholars have been in constant correspondence with each 
er, and kept a journal of their discussions of all the im- 
tant textual questions. Few works have ever been pre- 
ed with so much labour, care, and devotion as this edition 
he Greek Testament, begun in 1853 and finished in 1881. 
'he Introduction and Appendix, which the editors prom- 
bo publish shortly in a separate volume, will contain a 

exposition of the principles and results of textual crit- 
m. Without anticipating their elaborate treatise, which 
ive not yet seen, I propose, with their consent, to fur- 
i the readers of this volume with such preliminary in- 
nation as is necessary for an intelligent use of this or 

other critical edition of the Greek Testament. 

Literature. 

'he chief authorities for the topics discussed in this in- 
luction are the following w 7 orks : 

). Jac. Wetstein: *H Kaivrj Aia$i]Ki]. Novum Testamentum 
U-r cecum editionis receptee cum lectionibus variantibus, etc. Am- 
stel. 1751-52, 2 torn. fol. Prolegomena in torn. i. pp. 1-222. 

Jo. Jac. Griesbach: Novum Testamentum Grozce. Ed. 2da. 
HalaB Sax. et Lond. 1796-1806, 2 vols. 8vo. Ed. tertiam emend, 
et auctam cur. David Sclndz. Vol. i. Berolini, 1827. Prsefa- 
tiones et Prolegomena, vol. i. pp. iii.-lvi. i.-exxvii. Also his 
Symbolce Critic i> (1785-93), with his Meletemata, and Comments 
rius Criticus in Textum Gro3cum N. T. (1798 and 1811). 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xi 



Car. Lachmann : Novum Testamentum Greece et Latine. Be- 
rolini, 1842-50, 8vo. Prsefatio, vol. i. pp. v.-lvi. ; vol. ii. pp. iii.- 
xxvi. Cornp. also Lachmann's article in explanation and de- 
fence of his critical system, in the Studien und Kritiken for 1830, 
No. IV., pp. 817-845. 

Aen. Frid. Const. Teschendorf : Novum Testamentum Greece. 
Ad antiquissimos testes denuo recensuit, appavatum criticum omni 
studio perfectum apposuit, commentationem isagogicam preetexuit. 
Editio septima, Lips. 1859, 2 vols. 8vo. Prolegomena, vol. i. pp. 
xiii.-cclxxviii. The text of this edition is superseded by the edi- 
tio octava critica maior, Lips. 1869-72, 2 vols. The new Prole- 
gomena, which the author did not live to finish, but which have 
been prepared by Dr. Gregory, with the aid of Dr. Ezra Abbot, 
are now in course of publication at Leipsic. 

Samuel Prideaux Tregelles : The Greek New Testament, 
edited from Ancient Authorities, with the Latin Version of Jerome, 
from the Codex Amiatinus. London, published in parts from 
1857 to 1879, 1 vol. 4to. The 7th part (published in 1879, after the 
death of Dr. Tregelles) contains the Prolegomena, with Addenda 
and Corrigenda, compiled and edited by Rev. Dr. Hort and Rev. 
A. W. Streane. Comp. also Tregelles: Account of the Print- 
ed Text of the Greek New Testament, with Bemarks on its Eevision 
upon Critical Principles. London, 1854. And the first part (pre- 
pared by Tregelles) of the fourth volume of Home's Introduc- 
tion to the Holy Scriptures, 10th ed. London, 1856; 14th ed. 1877; 
also published separately as an Introduction to the Textual Crit- 
icism of the New Testament, London, 1856, etc. 

Henry Alford: The Greek Testament. London, 6th ed. 1868, 
etc. Prolegomena, vol. i. chaps, vi. and vii. pp. 73-148. 

Ed. Reuss: Bibliotheca Novi Testamenti Grmci. Brunsviga?, 
1872 (pp. 313). The most complete list of all the printed edi- 
tions of the Greek Testament. 

Fr. H. Ambrose Scrivener: A Plain Introduction to the Civ- 
icism of the New Testament. London, 1861 ; 2d ed. 1874. The 
best work on the subject in the English language. Comp. also 
his Six Lectures on the Text of the New Testament, Cambridge 
and London, 1875. 

C. E. Hammond : Outlines of Textual Criticism Applied to the 
New Testament. Oxford, 1872; 2d ed. 1876. 

The Critical Introductions to the New Testament by Hug, 
De Wette, Bleek, Reuss (5th ed. 1874); and several articles 



xii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

on Bible Text in Herzog's Real-Encyk. (new ed. ii. 400-437), and 
Smith's Diet, of the Bible (iii. 2112-2139, Amer. ed.); an essay of 
Dr. Ezra Abbot in Anglo- American Bible Revision, Philadelphia, 
2ded. 1879 (pp. 86-98); the third part of Edward C. Mitchell's 
Critical Handbook, published by the London Religious Tract 
Society, London, also Andover, 1880 (pp. 67-143). 

The Prolegomena to Tischendorf 's eighth critical edition, and 
the Introduction and Appendix of Westcott and Hort, may be 
referred to in advance as promising the latest and most accu- 
rate information on textual criticism applied to the New Testa- 
ment. 



I. SOURCES OF THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTA- 
MENT. 

The original autographs* of the apostolic writings are 
lost beyond all reasonable hope of discovery, and are not 
even mentioned by the post-apostolic authors as being ex- 
tant anywhere, or as having been seen by them.f They 
perished, probably before the close of the first century, 
with the brittle paper then in ordinary use (the Egyptian 
papyrus), like all other ancient writings (with the excep- 
tion of a few that were accidentally preserved in Egyptian 
tombs and mummies, or under the lava of Vesuvius at 
Herculaneum and Pompeii). God has not chosen to ex- 
empt the Bible by a miracle from the fate of other books, 
but has wisely left room for the diligence and research of 
man, who is responsible for the use of all the facilities with- 
in his reach for the study of the Bible. He has not pro- 
vided for inspired transcribers any more than inspired 
printers, nor for infallible translators any more than infalli- 
ble commentators and readers. He wastes no miracles. He 

* Autographa, dpxsTv~a, Ldwxeipa. 

f On the disputed passage of Tertullian, who speaks of ipsa 
authentic^ litter®, Apostolorum, see Scrivener, p. 446. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xiii 

desires free and intelligent worshippers. " The letter kill- 
eth, but the spirit giveth life." The Bible, in its origin 
and history, is a human as well as a divine book, and must 
be studied under this twofold aspect. It is the incarna- 
tion of God's truth, and reflects the divine-human person 
of Christ, to whom it bears witness as the Alpha and Ome- 
ga, as the Way, the Life, and the Truth. Even if we had 
the apostolic autographs, there would be room for verbal 
criticism, since they, like other ancient books, were written 
as a continuous whole, without accents, without punctua- 
tion, without division of sentences or words, without titles 
and subscriptions, without even the name of the author 
unless it was part of the text itself. 

In the absence of the autographs, we must depend upon 
copies, or secondary sources. But these are, fortunately, 
far more numerous and trustworthy for the Greek Testa- 
ment than for any ancient classic. " In the variety and 
fulness of the evidence on which it rests, the text of the 
New Testament stands absolutely and unapproachably alone 
among ancient prose writings" (W. and H., p. 561). 

The sources of the text are threefold : Manuscript Cop- 
ies, Ancient Versions, and Patristic Quotations. 

1. The Greek Manuscripts. 
The Manuscripts, or Codices,* are the direct and most 
important sources. They number now over seventeen hun- 
dred, counting all classes, and new ones may yet be dis- 

* Codex, or caudex, means, originally, the trunk of a tree, stock, 
stem; then a block of wood split or sawn into planks, leaves, or 
tablets, and fastened together; hence a book, as the ancients 
wrote on tablets of wood smeared with wax, the leaves being 
laid one upon another. The Hebrew manuscripts are in rolls. 



xiv INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



covered.* They differ in age, extent, and value. They 
were written between the fourth and sixteenth centuries ; 
the oldest date from the middle of the fourth century, and 
rest, of course, on still older copies. Few manuscripts of 
Greek or Roman classics are older than the ninth or tenth 
century. The Medicean MS. of Virgil is of the fourth 
century, the Vatican MS. of Dion Cassius of the fifth. 
The oldest MSS. of ^Eschylus and Sophocles date from 
the tenth, those of Euripides from the twelfth century. 
The oldest complete copy of Homer is from the thirteenth 
century, though considerable papyrus fragments have been 
recently discovered which may date from the fifth or sixth. 
Some MSS. cover the whole New Testament, some only 
parts; and hence they are divided into ^ve or six classes, 
according as they contain the Gospels, or the Acts, or the 
Catholic Epistles, or the Pauline Epistles, or the Apoca- 
lypse, or only the Scripture lessons from the Gospels or Acts 
and Epistles (the lectionaries). Those which cover more 
than one of these classes, or the whole New Testament, are 
numbered in the lists two, three, or more times. The Gospel 
MSS. are the most numerous, those of the Apocalypse the 
least numerous. Some MSS. are written with great care, 
some contain many errors of transcribers. Most of them 

* The total number of MSS. recorded by Dr. Scrivener, in- 
cluding lectionaries, is 158 uncials and 1605 cursives (p. 269, 
comp. p. x.). But his list is incomplete. He gives an Index of 
about 1277 separate Greek MSS. of the New Testament, arranged 
according to the countries where they are now deposited (pp. 571- 
584). He assigns 3 to Denmark, 293 to England, 238 to France, 
96 to Germany, 6 to Holland, 3 to Ireland, 368 to Italy, 81 to 
Russia, 8 to Scotland, 23 to Spain, 1 to Sweden, 14 to Switzer- 
land, 104 to Turkey, 39 unknown. See also Edward C. Mitchell, 
Critical Handbook, Tables viii. ix. and x. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xv 

give the Greek text only, a few the Latin version also 
(hence called codices bilingues or Grceco-Latini), e. g. Cod. 
D (or Beza3) for the Gospels and Acts, Cod. D (Claromon- 
tanus) for the Pauline Epistles, and Cod. A (Sangallensis) 
for the Gospels. They were written in the East, mostly in 
Alexandria and Constantinople ; for in Europe (with the 
exception of Greece, Lower Italy, and Sicily) the knowledge 
of the Greek language disappeared after the fifth century 
till the revival of learning in the fifteenth, and the Lat- 
in Vulgate supplied the place of the Greek and Hebrew 
Bible. Some words of frequent occurrence are usually 
abridged (as $cr = Seoc, kg =z Kvpioc, kt = Ir)(rovc, izva = irrEvjua). 
The MSS. are divided into two classes, uncial and cur- 
sive. The former are written in large or capital letters 
(litterce unciales or majusculce), the latter in small letters 
(litterce minusculce) or in current hand. The uncial MSS. 
are older, from the fourth to the tenth century, and hence 
more valuable, but were discovered and used long after 
the cursive. Two of them, the Sinaitic and the Vatican, 
date from the middle of the fourth century. 

A. Uncial Manuscripts. 

The uncial MSS. are designated (since Wetstein, 1752), 
for the sake of brevity, by the capital letters of the Latin 
alphabet (A, B, C, D, etc.), with the help of Greek letters 
for a few MSS. beyond Cod. Z, and the Hebrew letter 
Aleph (a) for the Sinaitic MS. which was discovered last 
and precedes Cod. A.* 

* The present usage arose from the accidental circumstance 
that the Codex Alexandrinus was designated as Cod. A in the 
lower margin of "Walton's Polyglot (Scrivener, loc. cit. p. 72, 
2d ed.). A far better system would be to designate them in 

B 



xvi INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

The uncials are written on costly and durable vellum or 
parchment, on quarto or small folio pages of one or two, 
very rarely of three or four, columns. The older ones have 
no division of words or sentences except for paragraphs, 
no accents or ornaments, and but very few pause-marks. 
Hence it requires some practice to read them with ease. 

The date and place, which were not marked on MSS. 
earlier than the tenth century, can be only approximately 
ascertained from the material, the form of letters, the style 
of writing, the presence or absence of the Ammonian sec- 
tions (*;£0a\cua, capitula) in the Gospels, the Eusebian Can- 
ons (or tables of references to the Ammonian sections, after 
340, when Eusebius died), the Euthalian sections in the 
Acts and Epistles, and the stichometric divisions or lines 
((T-lxoi) corresponding to sentences (both introduced by 
Euthalius, cir. A.D. 458),* marks of punctuation (ninth cen- 
tury), etc. Sometimes a second or third hand has intro- 
duced punctuation and accents or different readings. Hence 
the distinction of lectiones a prima manu, marked by a *; 
a secunda manu (**, or 2 , or b ) ; a tertia manu (*** ? or 3 , 
or c ). 



the order of their age or value, which would place B and K 
before A. But the usage in this case can as little be altered as 
the traditional division into chapters and verses. Mill cited the 
copies by abridgments of their names, e. g. Alex., Cant, Mont; 
but this mode would now take too much space. Wetstein 
knew 14 uncial MSS. of the Gospels, which he designated 
from A to O, and about 112 cursives, besides 24 Evangelis- 
taries. See his list at the close of the Prolegomena, pp. 220- 
222. 

* Afterwards these stichometric divisions were abandoned as 
too costly, and gave way to dots or other marks between the 
sentences. This was the beginning of punctuation. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xvii 

Some MSS. (as Codd. C, P, Q, R, Z, IS) have been written 
twice over, owing to the scarcity and costliness of parch- 
ment, and are called codices rescripti, or palimpsests (TraXlfx- 
\j;r]fT-oi) ; the new book being written between the lines, or 
across, or in place of the old Bible text. 

Constantine the Great ordered from Eusebius, for the 
churches of Constantinople, the preparation of fifty MSS. 
of the Bible, to be written " on artificially wrought skins 
by skilful calligraphists." * To judge from this fact, the 
number of uncials was once very large, but most of them 
perished in the Middle Ages. The whole number now 
known is less than one hundred. Scrivener reckons 56 
for the Gospels (most of them only fragmentary), 14 for 
the Acts, 6 for the Catholic Epistles, 15 for the Pauline 
Epistles, 5 for the Apocalypse, exclusive of the uncial lec- 
tionaries, which are not marked by capitals, but by Arabic 
numerals, like cursive MSS. of all classes.f Dr. Ezra 
Abbot (in a private letter of June 21, 1881) kindly fur- 
nishes me with the result of his own careful researches. 
The number of distinct uncial MSS. of the New Testament 
(not including lectionaries) at present known is 83. We 
have for the Gospels 61 ; for the Acts 15; for the Cath- 
olic Epistles 7; for the Pauline Epistles 20; and for the 
Apocalypse 5. This includes the Codex Rossanensis, and 
three or four small fragments not used by Tischendorf. 
Dr. Abbot's list is as follows : 

Gospels : KABCDEFF a GHP 347 PKLMlSrO(> bcdef 
PQRSTT™T bcde UVW abcdef XYZrA 

Qabcdefgh A £ n2 = 61. 

* Eusebius, Vita Const, iv. 36, UivrrjKovra (Twficirta iv di(p5epaiQ 
tyKciTcujKEvoig . . . vtto t^xvitCjv Ka\\iypd(pwv. 
t Scrivener, Introd. p. 72 (2d ed. 1874). 



xviii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

Acts: X A B C D E(*) F a G(s) G b H(«) I 25 - 6 - L(«) P(«) = 15. 
Cath. : x A B C K (2) L « P (*) = 7. 
Paul: X A B C D (») E (s) F (s) F a G(s) H(s) I 2 - K(«) L(«) M(«) 

N (2) O (2) O b (2) P (2) Q (2) R (2) = 20. 

Apoc: X AB(2)CP = 5. 

Whole number of distinct MSS. : 

a A B B a P° c C D evv - act D P aul E E act E P aul F F P auI F a G G act G P aul 
Qb (act) H H act H P aul I *■ 2 ' 3- 4 5 * 6 ' 7 * I b K K cath - P aul L L act - cath - P aul 

M M paul N N paul O O abcdef OP aul O b (P aul ) P P act. cath. paul. apoc 

Q QP aul RRP aul S T(or-T a ) T woi T bcde U V W abedef X Y Z 

r A Qabcdefgh A g n 2 = 83. 

The Sinaitie and the Vatican MSS. are by far the most 
important for antiquity, completeness, and value. I give a 
brief description of the best uncial MSS. which are most 
frequently quoted by critics. 

(1.) Uncials of the first class. They are four — two 
from the fourth, two from the fifth century ; one complete 
(a), two nearly complete (A and B), one defective (C). To 
these is usually added D as the fifth of the great uncials, 
but it contains only the Gospels and Acts, and has strange 
peculiarities. In the Gospels the text of C, L, Z, £7, and 
of A in Mark, is better than that of A, but in the rest of the 
Xew Testament A is undoubtedly, after a and B, the most 
important MS. 

K (Aleph). Codex Sinaiticus, formerly in the Convent 
of Mount Sinai (hence its name), now in the Imperial Library 
at St. Petersburg. It dates from the middle of the fourth 
century, is written on fine parchment (13|- inches wide by 
14^ high), in large uncials, with four columns to a page (of 
48 lines each). It has 346|- leaves. It was discovered 
and secured bv the indefatigable Prof. C. Tischendorf, in 
the Convent of St. Catharine, at the foot of Mount Sinai, 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xix 

on the 4th of February, 1859.* It was published at St. 
Petersburg (printed at Leipsic) at the expense of the Czar 
Alexander II. in celebration of the first millennium of the 
Russian empire, in accurate imitation by types specially 

* The story of the discovery, which made Tischendorf one 
of the happiest men I ever knew, reads like an heroic romance. 
His three journeys from Leipsic to Mount Sinai, in pursuit of 
manuscript treasures, in 1844, 1853, and 1859; his first rescue of 
forty-three leaves of the Septuagint from a waste-basket in the 
Convent of St. Catharine in 1844 ; his final discovery of the 
whole Cod. Sinaiticus in 1859, with the powerful aid of the rec- 
ommendation of that noble Czar who met such a terrible death 
at the hands of the Nihilists in 1881 ; his patient labor in tran- 
scribing it at Cairo, and in its publication at Leipsic, in connec- 
tion with a great national event of the Russian empire; his con- 
troversy with the Greek Simonides, who impudently claimed to 
have written the codex on Mount Athos in 1839 and 1840 — are all 
told by himself, not without some excusable vanity, in his Beise 
in den Orient (1845-46), and Aus dem Tieil. Lande (1862) ; his Noii- 
tia Codicis Sinaitici (1860); the Prolegomena to his editions (1862 
and 1865); and his two controversial pamphlets, Die Anfechtun- 
gen der Sinaibibel (1863), and Waffen der Finsterniss wider die 
Sinaibibel (1863). When, on a visit to Mount Sinai in March, 
1877, I saw a copy of the magnificent four- volume edition in 
the convent library, and mentioned the name of Tischendorf, the 
sub-prior kindled up in indignation and called him a thief, who 
had stolen their greatest treasure on the pretext of a temporary 
loan; and when I reminded him of the large reward of the Em- 
peror of Russia, who had furnished a new silver shrine for the 
coffin of St. Catharine, he admitted it reluctantly; but remarked 
that they did not want the silver, but the manuscript — the manu- 
script which these monks could not read, and w^ere at one time 
ready to throw into the fire! After long delays, the MS. was 
formally presented to the Czar in 1869 by the new prior, arch- 
bishop Kallistratos, and the monks of the Convents of St. Cath- 
arine and Cairo. See Tischendorf, Die Sinaibibel (1871), p. 91. 



xx INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

cast, in four folio volumes.* The New Testament was also 
separately edited by Tischendorf in smaller type in quarto 
(Leipsic, 1863), in four columns; and an octavo edition in 
ordinary type (ibid. 1865). Dr. Scrivener has published a 
" Full Collation of the Sinaitic MS. with the Received Text 
of the New Testament" (2d ed. 1867). 

Codex X is the most complete, and also (with the ex- 
ception, perhaps, of the Vatican MS.) the oldest, or, at 
all events, one of the two oldest MSS., although it was last 
found and used. Tischendorf calls it " omnium codicum 
uncialium solus integer omniumque antiquissimusP He 
assigns it to the age of Eusebius the historian, who died in 
340 ; and thinks it not improbable that it was one of the 
fifty copies which Constantine had ordered to be prepared 
for the churches of Constantinople in 331, and that it was 
sent by the Emperor Justinian to the Convent of Mount 
Sinai, which he founded.f It contains large portions of 

* Bibliorum Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus^ Auspiciis au- 
gustissimis Imperatoris AlexandH II, ex tenebris protraxit in 
Europam transtulit ad iuvandas atque illustrandas sacras litteras 
edidit Const antinus Tischendorf. Petropoli, MDCCCLXII. 
The first volume contains the dedication to the Emperor (dated 
Lips, ^-j^jr 1862), the Prolegomena, Notes on the corrections by 
later hands, and twenty-one plates (in fac-simile); vols. iL and 
iii. contain the Septuagint; vol. iv. the Greek Testament (134J 
leaves), the Epistle of Barnabas (foil. 135-141), and a part of the 
Pastor Hermse (foil. 142-148). Copies of this rare and costly 
edition are in the Astor Library, the Lenox Library, the Union 
Theological Seminary, New York, at Cambridge, Andover, and 
in other libraries of America. 

f Tischendorf 's edition of the English New Test,, Leips. 1869, 
p. xii. After a more careful inspection of the Vatican MS. in 
1866, he has somewhat modified his view of the priority of the 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xxi 

the Old Testament in the Septuagint Version (199 leaves), 
and the whole New Testament, without any omission, to- 
gether with the Epistle of Barnabas, all in Greek, and a 
part of the Pastor Hennas in Greek (147^- leaves). It is 
much disfigured by numerous corrections made by the 
original scribes or several later writers, especially one of 
the fourth century (K a ), whose emendations are very valu- 
able, and one of the seventh (a c ). It often confirms Cod. 
Vaticanus m characteristic readings (as jjiovoyev^g Seog 
for vwg, in John i. 18; t))v eKKkr^aiav tov Beov for Kvpiov, 
in Acts xx. 28 ; o g ecpavepwSri for Sfo'c, in 1 Tim. iii. 16), and 
omissions, as the doxology (Matt. vi. 13) ; the end of Mark 
(xvi. 9-20); the passage of the woman taken in adultery 
(John vii. 53-viii. 11), in part, also, the Old Latin Version; 
but sometimes it supports other witnesses. It has contrib- 
uted very much towards the settlement of the text, and 
stimulated the progress of the revision movement in Eng- 
land, in connection with Tischendorf s Tauchnitz edition 
of King James's Version (1869), which gives in foot-notes 
the chief readings of the three great uncials 8, B, and A. 
Tischendorf first copied the Sinaitic MS., with the help 



Sinaitic over the Vatican MS., and assigns them both to the 
middle of the fourth century, maintaining even that one of the 
scribes of K (who wrote six leaves, and whom he designates D) 
wrote the New Testament part of B. Compare the learned 
and very able essay of Dr. Ezra Abbot (against Mr. Burgon) : 
" Comparative Antiquity of the Sinaitic and Vatican MSS.," in 
the Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. x. (1872), pp. 
189-200. Gebhardt, in Herzog's Real-Encyklopadie (new ed.), 
vol. ii. p. 414, pronounces Burgon's attempt to prove the higher 
antiquity of the Vatican MS. by fifty to one hundred years an 
entire failure. 



xxii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

of Coptic scribes, at Cairo ; and from this copy, which the 
Professor showed me at Leipsic, the printed editions were 
prepared. As neither Teschendorf nor his scribes were in- 
fallible, some errors may have crept in, so that, in doubt- 
ful cases, a resort to the original MS. in St. Petersburg is 
necessary. Tregelles has inspected it. Considerable por- 
tions of it have been photographed, and real fac-similes 
are given in Teschendorf's three editions, and in Scrivener's 
Introduction. Mr. Burgon, also, in his book on the Last 
Twelve Verses of Mark, gives an exact f ac-simile of a page, 
taken at St. Petersburg, which shows the last two columns 
of Mark (to xvi. 8) and the first two columns of Luke. 

kw o m OAoroyMe 

N CO C H GFAeCT B N 

TOTHceyceBeixc 

MYCTHflONOCG 
<j>ANepCDGHeNc*p 

kp e Ai kk\ co e h e N 

n N ICD<J>© HXTPA* 

GKHpyxeHeNe 
e Neci Nen i crey 

eHGNKOCMCD- 
AN6AHM<J>egieN 

AOIH 

Specimen of the Codex Sinaiticus, containing 1 Tim. in. 16 : 
Kai ofio\oyovfis\v(t)g jxeya ecrnv \ to tt]Q evvefieiag \ flvcmipiov og e\(pa- 
VEpioSrr) ev Gap\ici' tdiKai<x)$rr] ev \ wvi ucpSrr] ayyeXoig \ eicrjpvx^rj tv 
eftveaiv e7Ti<JTEv\5r] ev /coct/aw | avekr^Kp^nr] ev \ do^rj. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xxiii 

A. Codex Alexandrinus of the fifth century, in quarto 
and two columns (I2f inches high, 10^ broad), given by 
Patriarch Cyril Lucar of Constantinople (the unlucky re- 
former, formerly of Alexandria) to King Charles I. (1628), 
now in the British Museum, London, where the open vol- 
ume of the New Testament is exhibited in the MS. room. 
It was probably written in Alexandria. It contains on 773 
leaves the Old Testament, in the Septuagint Version (edited 
by Baber, London, 1816-28), and the New Testament; but, 
unfortunately, with the omission of Matt. i. 1-xxv. 6, John 
vi. 50-viii. 52, and 2 Cor. iv. 13-xii. 6. It also has at 
the end the Greek Epistle of Clement of Rome to the 
Corinthians, with a fragment of a second epistle, or homily. 
This was the only MS. extant of Clement before the dis- 
covery by Philotheos Bryennios of the copy at Constanti- 
nople (1875). The New Testament of the Alexandrian 
MS. was published by Charles G. Woide in uncial type 
(London, 1786), and by B. H. Cowper, in common type 
(ibid. 1860). We have it now in a most beautiful pho- 
tographic fac-simile, issued by the Trustees of the British 
Museum, London, 1879. 

Cod. A is the first uncial MS. that was used by textual 
critics. It presents a text which occupies an intermedi- 
ate position between the oldest uncial and the later text. 
It occupies the third or fourth rank among the MSS. next 
to K and B, and perhaps C. See fac-similes in Woide and 
Scrivener. On the following page we give two specimens. 

B. Codex Vaticanus, of the middle of the fourth cen- 
tury, on very fine thin vellum, in small but clear and neat un- 
cial letters, in three columns (of 42 lines each), to a quarto 
page (10 inches by 10-J), preserved in the Vatican Library 
at Rome (No. 1209). It is more accurately written than 



xxiv INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



e 



H^pX! lenoiHceNoecTowov 

NONK^THKirHN HiLerHHNAO 

pahtoc i<A.RAi<^nrA.ci<csrAcn oc. 
KAic KoVoceniNu^THC^fiyccoy, 

TTPocexeTeexrroic \<*> iTT^rsrjnv 

nmoi fv*r^i lUJGNujVMXCro-ni^Kro 

XnONe86TOeTTlCI<OTTDVC' 
TTOfl M|_^l Wei N TTH N G K KAHC f XN 

TDYKVH rsrrrePB GTTTOi hc vrOJUX 

TOY^ MATX)CT0VlA1OY 

Specimens of the Codex Alexandrinus. 

The first is in bright red, with breathings and accents, and con- 
tains Gen. i. 1, 2, Sept. (Ev apxi t7r6irjGev 6 0<r tov bv \ pavbv Kai 
rr\v yrjv rj £k yrj i)v do \ paToa kcli ctKaraaKevaaroff' \ Kai okotog 
iirdvb) rrjcr afiwaov.). The second specimen is in common 
ink, and contains Acts xx. 28 (Upoaex^re eavroicr Kai iravTi toj | 
ttoi\lvux} ' ev w i/fiaa to ttvci to \ ayiov eQtTO eiriaK07rova ' \ Troifiai- 
veiv Trjv EKKkr]aiav \ tov kv r\v 7repie7roirjaaTO dia \ tov aifiarog tov 
idiov. A favours Kvpiov versus Seou. 

the Sinaitic MS., but not so complete. It was apparently- 
copied in Egypt by a skilful and critical scribe, and brought 
to Rome shortly after the establishment of the Vatican Li- 
brary by Pcpe Nicholas V. in 1448 ; perhaps (as Dr. Scriv- 
ener conjectures) by the learned Cardinal Bessarion, who 
laboured for the reunion of the Greek and Latin churches. 
It was entered in the earliest catalogue of that library, made 
in 1475. It contains the whole Bible as far as and including 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xxv 

Heb. ix. 14, and breaks off in the middle of the verse and of 
the word Ka$a\piel. The Pastoral Epistles, Philemon, and 
the Apocalypse are lost. It was long watched with jealous 
care by the papal authorities, very imperfectly known to Mill 
and Wetstein, but partially collated, under considerable re- 
strictions, by Bartolocci, librarian of the Vatican (1669), 
the Abbate Mico for Thomas Bentley (about 1720, publish- 
ed 1799), Andrew Birch of Copenhagen (1788, publ. 1798- 
1801), Hug (1809, he first fully recognised its paramount 
value), Tischendorf (1843, 1844, 1866), Tregelles (1845), 
Dressel (1855), Burgon (i860), Alford (1861), and his 
secretary, Mr. Cure (in 1862). It was first printed under 
the supervision of the celebrated Cardinal Angelo Mai (d. 
1854), Rome, 1828-38, but not published till 1857 (in 5 
vols., the fifth containing the New Testament); and so 
inaccurately that this edition is critically worthless. The 
New Testament was again published separately, with some 
improvements, by Vercellone, Rome, 1859 ; more critically 
by Tischendorf, Leipsic, 1867, from a partial inspection of 
two weeks under the constant supervision of C. Vercellone, 
who learned from the German expert some useful lessons 
in editorial work. Now, at last, we have a complete and 
critical, though by no means infallible, quasi fac- simile 
edition of the whole Vatican MS. by Vercellone (d. 1869) 
and Jos. Cozza, Rome, 1868-72.* The type used was cast 
from the same moulds as that employed for Tischendorf s 
edition of the. Codex Sinaiticus, and was lent by him to the 
papal government ; but he complained of the bad use the 
Roman printers made of it.f 

* Gaetano Sergio has been associated with Cozza since Ver- 
cellone's death, 
f The full title reads Bibliorum Sacrorum Grcecus Codex Vati- 



xxvi INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

" The Vatican," says Dr. Scrivener, " is probably the old- 
est vellum manuscript in existence, and is the glory of the 
Vatican Library." It is the chief authority among MSS. for 
the Greek Testament of Westcott and Hort ; while Tisch- 
endorf, in his last editions, very naturally shows a preference 
for the Sinaitic Codex of his own discovery. It presents, 
upon the whole, the shortest text ; but the charge of omis- 
sions of many words and whole clauses is founded on the 
false assumption that the Elzevir text is the standard. West- 
cott and Hort say (p. 557) : " The fondness for omissions, 
which has sometimes been attributed to the scribe of the Vat- 
ican, is imaginary, except, perhaps, single petty words." The 
agreement of B and X is (with few exceptions) a strong pre- 
sumptive evidence for the genuineness of a reading, and, when 
supported by other ante-Nicene testimony, it is conclusive. 

The specimen on the following page is borrowed from 
Scrivener, and contains the last verses in Mark (xvi. 3-8). 

C. Codex Regius, or Ephraemi SYRi,of the fifth century;* 

canus auspice Pio IX. Pontifice Maximo collatis studiis Caroli Ver- 
cellone Sodalis Barnabitce et Josephi Cozza Monachi Basiliani edi~ 
tus. Romse, typis et impensis S. Congregationis de Propaganda 
Fide. 1868. Beautifully printed on vellum paper. Four vol- 
umes contain the Septuagint (i. Pentateuch and Jos. ; ii. Judges, 
etc. ; iii. The Psalms, etc. ; iv. Esther, etc.), one volume the New 
Testament; a sixth volume is promised for the Prolegomena 
and Notes. The New Testament appeared in 1868 as torn. v. 
It gives the original MS. down to Heb. ix. 14, in 284 large pages. 
The rest of the Epistle to the Hebrews and the Apocalypse 
(from pp. 285 to 302) are supplied from a later text {recentiori 
manu) in ordinary Greek type, and have therefore no critical 
value. The Pastoral Epistles and the Epistle to Philemon are 
wanting altogether. I used the copy in the Astor Library. 

* Tischendorf regards C as older than A; and in the Gospels 
it has a much better text. 



pXv tov X'lQov Ik t7\g 
| Qvpaa tov fivr}- 
fxsTov | kcli dva 
fiXeipaaai Otto \pcv- 
aiv on ava.KEKv\ 
Xicr-ai 6 XiOog fjv 
yap | fAtyaa G(po- 
dpa kcll eX\Qov(rai 
ha to \ivr\\ili \ov 

tldoV VECtVLGKOV | 

KaQfj^Evov Iv TOLG 
I dtZioicr 7Tf(Ot/3g- 
fiXrjfiE | vov aroXrjv 
XevkPjv | kcli t|e- 
9afi(5i]6r]Gav j 6 dk 
Xeyn clvtolig \xy\ \ 
iKQapfilinQt Iv ty- 
tel | te tov va%a- 
pt]vbvTO~ \ kctTav- 
piofisvov r)ysp\Gr] 
ovk egtiv wds ids 

| 6 T07T0G 07T0V 

eQrjica glvtov 

dXXa VTrdysre 
iiiroLTE toig p,a9rj- 

TULG I CiVTOV KCLI 
TLO TTETpiO \ OTL 

TTpodyEi vfida h<r | 
TrjvyaXiXdLCtviKii 

clv\tov 6\psa9E kci- 

OiO<J lt\7TEV VfXlV 

Kai E%EXQov\(jai 
t<pvyov diro tov | 
fivrjfiEiov &x EV 
yap | dvTaa rpo- 

\JLOG Kai EK\GTaGLG 

/cat ovdevi 6v\8ev 
kiirov E<po($ovv\TO 
yap: 



MiMTOMMeON€KfHc 

ey p AcnrdyM w h Meloy 
K Xi an ab Ae ^ac ai ©£u* 

A/ ctm oai© o CHMrif 
n gV a_c c<1> o Aj»A kaiSa, 

ON 6*1 AOKINe^N f'c KOH 
KAO MM6MOMGWTOIC 

NONCTOXHNAeyKHKI 
•CAI€5.€0AMR H9HCAM 

6 A>£ a ejrei £y «ta/ cm & 

^K0AMieice6JM"ZHt«r 

€ C HTAy ? <JJ M6MO N H jytf 

§ H oy Keen Js*&>£ *>J^ 
o ~rdn o c 6' n ojye © h k aT 

ei n A"rc*r6 re m ^eHT^io 
fy ~rciy k X r t\£> n er;j>aj 
ori npoXre^MAcefc 

THN PA Al AX r A NCK6 1 xy 

To n o^ ec eg Kr^eujc^ej 

nci^Mi'N'KAieit&AQ-y 

CAie^yraM/Cnb-Toy 

MNHNi.e.io.^eix&Nr^f 
AyxACTfOMOCKAifK: 

CTAc^cKXidvxeNjoy 

^eN einoMecpo^Q^ 






t 



yCATTfc 



fr v 



?, ./ 



vv 



v JJAfkON^ 

Specimen of the Codex Vaticanus, containing Mark xvi. 3-8. 
Taken from Mr. Burgon's photograph of the whole page. 



xxviii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



I- CD 




.01 




CO 



^ 



fc A 



© „! 



very defective, containing about two 
thirds of the New Testament ; in the 
National Library at Paris. First col- 
lated by Wetstein (1716) ; edited by 
Tischendorf, Leipsic, 1843-45,2 vols. 
It is a codex rescriptus, the works of 
the Syrian father Ephraem (d. 378) be- 
ing written over the Bible text, which 
is scarcely legible. It was probably 
written in Alexandria, and is very val- 
uable as far as it goes. Its text " seems 
to stand nearly midway between A and 
B, somewhat inclining to the latter " 
(Scrivener). Two correctors (desig- 
nated by Tischendorf as C**, C***, or 
C 2 , C 3 ) have been at work on the MS. 
to the perplexity of the critical collator. 

D, for the Gospels and Acts. Co- 
dex Bez,e, or Cantabrigiensis, in 
the Library of the University at Cam- 
bridge (to which Beza presented it 
in 1581). It dates from the sixth 
century, and contains only the Gos- 
pels and Acts, with a Latin version ; 
edited by Thomas Kipling, Cam- 
bridge, 1793, 2 vols, fob, and more 
accurately by Dr. Scrivener, in com- 
mon type, with a copious introduc- 
tion and critical notes, Cambridge, 
1864. 

The text is very peculiar and puz- 
zling. It has many bold and exten- 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xxix 

sive interpolations, e. g., a paragraph after Luke vi. 4 
( which is found nowhere else ) : " On the same day he 
[Jesus] beheld a certain man working on the Sabbath, 
and said unto him, Man, blessed art thou if thou know- 
est what thou doest ; but if thou knowest not, thou art 
cursed and a transgressor of the law." It differs more 
than any other from the received Greek text, but it often 
agrees in remarkable readings with the ancient Latin and 
Syriac versions. Alford (i. 110) thinks that it was writ- 
ten in France by a Latin transcriber ignorant of Greek. 
Beza procured it from the monastery of St. Irenams at 
Lyons in 1562, but did not use it on account of its many 
departures from other MSS. Tregelles remarks that " its 
evidence when alone, especially in additions, is of scarcely 
any value as to the genuine text; but of the very greatest 
when corroborated by other very ancient authority." 

(2.) Uncials of the second class, defective and of later date. 

D, for the Pauline Epistles. Codex Claromontanus ; 
of the sixth century ; defective, but very valuable ; in the 
National Library at Paris. Edited by Teschendorf, Leipsic, 
1852. Beza procured it from Clermont, and made some 
use of it (1582). It is Greek and Latin, stichometric, with 
accents by a later hand, but no division of words. 

E, for the Gospels. Codex Basiliensis ; eighth cen- 
tury ; in the library at Basle ; defective in Luke. Erasmus 
overlooked it. Collated by Teschendorf (1843), Miiller, 
and Tregelles (1846). It is better than most of the second- 
class uncials. It approaches to the Textus Beceptus. 

E, for the Acts. Codex Laudianus ; in Oxford ; with a 
close Latin version on the left column ; of the sixth cen- 
tury ; probably brought from Tarsus to England by Theo- 
dore of Canterbury (d. 690), and used by the Venerable 



XXX 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



Bede (d. 735); newly published by Teschendorf, in the 
ninth vol. of his Monumenta Sacra, 1870. Very valuable. 

E, for the Pauline Epistles. Codex Sangermanensis ; 
Graeco - Latin ; formerly at Saint -Germain des Pres, near 
Paris ; now at St. Petersburg. In the Greek a mere copy 
of D (Claromont.) after it had been altered by several hands. 
Ninth or tenth century. 

F, for the Gospels. Codex Boreelianus ; once posses- 
sed by John Boreel (d. 1629), Dutch ambassador in London 
under James L; now in the library of the University at 
Utrecht. Not important. 

F, for the Pauline Epistles. Codex Augiensis ; Grseco- 
Latin ; at Cambridge ; published by Dr. Scrivener, 1859, in 
common type. Ninth century. 

G, for the Pauline Epistles. Codex Boernerianus ; was 
either copied from F (Hort), or from the same archetype 
(Tischendorf, Scrivener). Ninth century. It is a part of 
the same MS. as A of the Gospels. Purchased by Prof. C. 
F. Boerner at Leipsic, 1705; in the Royal Library at Dresden. 

L, for the Gospels. Codex Regius ; published by Tisch- 
endorf, 1846; written in the 8th century ; full of errors in 
spelling, but very remarkable for its agreement with B and 
Origen. Now in Paris. 

P, for Acts, Epistles, and Revelation, with some defects. 
Codex Porfirianus, a palimpsest of the ninth century, in 
possession of Archbishop Porfiri at St. Petersburg ; edited 
by Tischendorf, 1865 and 1869. It generally confirms A 
and C, but often X against all the rest. 

Z, for Matthew. Codex Dublinensis (Dublin) ; sixth 
century ; one of the chief palimpsests. Text in value next 
to a and B. Edited by Barrett, 1801 ; better by T. K. Ab- 
bott, 1880. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xxxi 

r, for the Gospels. Codex Tischendorfianus IV. ; dis- 
covered by Teschendorf in an Eastern monastery; sold to 
the Bodleian Library in 1855 ; from the ninth or tenth cen- 
tury. Another portion of the same MS. was discovered by 
Teschendorf in 1859, and taken to St. Petersburg. Nearly 
complete. An inscription at the close of John fixes the 
date probably at Nov. 27, 844 (according to Teschendorf), 
or 979 (according to Gardthausen). 

A, for the Gospels. Codex Sangallensis (St. Gall) ; 
from the ninth century ; probably written by Irish monks 
at St. Gall. Published at Zurich, 1836, by Rettig, in litho- 
graphed fac-simile. The text is very valuable in the Gos- 
pel of Mark. 

A. Codex Tischendorfianus III., containing Luke and 
John ; now in the Bodleian Library ; collated by Tischen- 
dorf (who brought it from the East) and Tregelles. Ninth 
century. 

57. Codex Zacynthius, a palimpsest of the 8th century ; 
formerly at the island of Zante ; presented in 1821 to the 
British and Foreign Bible Societ}^ in London ; edited by 
Tregelles, 1861 ; containing considerable portions of Luke's 
Gospel. Text very valuable. 

II. Codex Petropolitanus, brought by Tischendorf 
from Smyrna to St. Petersburg ; containing the four Gos- 
pels, nearly complete; collated by Tischendorf, 1864 and 
1865. Ninth century. 

(3.) For a description of the other fragmentary uncials 
we must refer the reader to the authorities above quoted, 
especially Scrivener and Tischendorf, and also to the useful 
and convenient Table VIII. in Mitchell's Handbook. But one 
more we must mention, which has been discovered since, 
and has not yet been utilized by the critics. We mean 



xxxii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

2. Codex Bossanensis, found by two German scholars, 
Oscar von Gebhardt and Adolf Harnack, in March, 1879, 
at Rossano, in Calabria, in possession of the archbishop, 
who got it from the library of the former convent. It is 
beautifully written, with silver letters, on purple-coloured 
parchment (very rare among Creek MSS,), and richly or- 
namented with pictures ; hence important for the history 
of Christian art. It consists of 188 leaves of two columns 
of twenty lines each, and contains the Gospels of Matthew 
and Mark (Luke and John are lost). The Gospel of Mat- 
thew ends with the words, EYAITEAION RATA MAT6AI- 
ON. Gebhardt and Harnack assign it to the sixth century. 
The text shows a departure from the oldest MSS, (^ and B), 
and an approach to the amended Latin text. In this re- 
spect it resembles D. It contains, however, the doxology 
in the Lord's Prayer, Matt. vi. 13. See Evangeliorum Co- 
dex argenteus purpureas Rossanensis (S), litteris argenteis 
sexto ut videtur sceculo scriptus picturisque ornatus. By 
0. von Gebhardt and Adolf Harnack, Leipsic, 1880. With 
fac-similes of portions of the text and outline sketches of 
the pictures. A full edition of the codex is promised. 

We give a fac- simile from this work. 

B. The Cursive Manuscripts. 
The cursive MSS. are indicated by Arabic numerals. 
They were written in current hand on vellum or parchment 
{membrana) ; or on cotton paper (charta bombycina, also 
charta Da?nascena, from the place of manufacture), which 
came into use in the ninth and tenth centuries ; or on linen 
paper (charta proper), which was employed first in the 
twelfth century. Some are richly illuminated. They date 
from the tenth to the middle of the fifteenth cent-urv, when 



^yxpoyw yR 



xe 



TTO KJ h P o yoT 1 

co y ecT ikhBk 

nAMtC/CAi H^s> 

5AeiCTOyCAK 
HACXMHM 
0AM PA P A^)HTe 

^-to i cam o i cta 

TTAP ATTTCJO MATTX 



WWM1LUPK 

■HH3& 



Worn 

mmm. 



xe 



TT° 



Specimen of the Codex Bossanensis, containing Matt. vi. 13, 14. 

Trovrjpov on | gov eariv rj f3a\(n\£ia teat 7] dv\vajjiig icai rj do\%a tig rovg cmj\ 
rag cifirjv. Eav yap cKprjre \ roig av$pw7roig ra \ 7rapa7CT0)p,ciTa. 



xxxiv INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

the invention of the art of printing substituted a much 
easier and cheaper mode of multiplying books. A few, 
however, were written in the sixteenth century e 

They are much more numerous than the uncials. We 
have, in round figures, more than 600 cursive MSS. of the 
Gospels ; over 200 of the Acts and Catholic Epistles ; near- 
ly 300 of the Pauline Epistles; about 100 of Revelation, 
exclusive of more than 400 lectionaries which contain only 
the Scripture lessons for public service.* 

The critical value of the cursives is, of course, not near 
so great as that of the uncials, because they are much fur- 
ther removed from the primitive source. But some twen- 
ty or thirty of them are very important for their agreement 
with the oldest authorities, or for some other peculiarity. 
Cod. 33 (Regius 14, Colbertinus 2844, in Paris, eleventh 
century), which contains all the New Testament except the 
Apocalypse, and agrees mostly with B, D, L, is " the queen 
of the cursive MSS. ;" Scrivener says its readings " deserve 
the utmost attention ;" and Tregelles calls it " the most im- 
portant of the Biblical MSS. in cursive letters extant," but 
it suffered " most from damp and decay." Besides this, we 
mention Cod. 1 (Cod. Basiliensis), 22, 28, 59, 66, 69, 102, 
118, 124, 131, 157, 201, 209, of the Gospels; 13, 15, 18, 



* Dr. Scrivener gives a careful description of 469 cursive 
MSS. for the Gospels (pp. 164-209), and of a large number of 
MSS. for the other books of the New Testament (pp. 209-249). 
Then follows a section on the lectionaries or manuscript ser- 
vice-books of the Greek Church (250-269), which have as yet 
received little attention from Biblical critics. Dean Alford 
gives also a list of 469 cursive MSS. in convenient columns 
(Prolegg. i. 120-137). Compare Table IX. in Mitchell, pp. 119- 
132. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xsxv 



36, 40, 73, 180, and especially 61, of the Acts; 17, 31, 37, 
46, 47, 67**, 73, 80, 109, of the Pauline Epistles; 7, 14, 
31, 38, 47, 51, 82, 95, of the Apocalypse. Cod. 61 (Mont- 
fortianus, of the 16th century, in Dublin) is celebrated 
in the controversy on the spurious passage 1 John v. 7, 
which it contains on a glazed page, to protect it, and 
which passed from this MS. into the printed editions of 
the common Greek text, and the translations made from 
it. The cursive MSS. have been chiefly compared by 
Mill, Wet stein, Griesbach, Matthaei, Scholz, Teschendorf, 
Tregelles, and Scrivener ; but many are yet waiting exam- 
ination. 

The following is a specimen of Cod. 1 Basiliensis of the 
Gospels (tenth century) ; known to Erasmus, but little used 
by him ; collated by Wetstein, Roth, and Tregelles. 





o I o«^?^ ~2tf& <2W&f& «tfr$sa Kcal OtPT< P&Xl yfr v VyJpeyQX 



Specimen of the Codex Basiliensis, of the tenth century, containing 
Luke i. 1, 2, nearly as in all Greek Testaments. 

kvayy't\\iov~\ Kara Xovkclv: 

S7rei8r}7TEp ttoWoi t7rs\eipr](Tav avaraZacrOai | dirjyrjviv 7rspl twv 7T£- 
7r\t]po(popr]fxkv(i)v \ kv r)/jiJv Trpayfxar^v . icaOiog Trapkdouav rjfii \ oi 
cnrapxi]G clvto-ktcli kcli vTrrjptrai yevopsvot. 






XXX 



vi INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



2. The Ancient Versions. 

Next to the study of the MSS., the most important aids 
in textual criticism are the ancient versions, or translations 
of the Scriptures from the Hebrew and Greek into vernac- 
ular languages. They are, however, only indirect sources, as 
we must translate them back into the original, except in 
omissions and additions, which are apparent at once. If, 
for instance, the Latin versions in Rom. v. 1 translate ha- 
beamus, it is plain that they read in their Greek MSS. the 
subjunctive t'x^/ie^ (let us have), and not the indicative 
typiiev (habemusy we have) ; or if they read in John i. 18 
unigenitus Filius, they support the reading vwq instead of 
Sfo'c (Deus). In point of age, some versions, being made in 
the second century, antedate our oldest Greek MSS., which 
are not earlier than the fourth. But they have undergone 
the same textual corruptions, and no MS. copy of a version 
is earlier than the fourth century. Some of them are as yet 
imperfectly edited. Even a satisfactory critical edition of 
the Vulgate is still a desideratum. As Dr. Westcott says, 
" While the interpreter of the New Testament will be fully 
justified in setting aside without scruple the authority of 
early versions, there are sometimes ambiguous passages in 
which a version may preserve the traditional sense (John i. 
3, 9 ; viii. 25, etc.), or indicate an early difference of trans- 
lation ; and then its evidence may be of the highest value. 
But even here the judgment must be free. Versions sup- 
ply authority for the text, and opinion only for the ren- 
dering." * It matters comparatively little whether they 

* Smith's Diet, of the Bible, Amer. ed. vol. iv. p. 3479, art. 
"Vulgate." 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, xxxvii 



be elegant or wretched, so long as they reflect with accu- 
racy the original text. One service of great importance 
they can be manifestly depended upon to render — to tell 
where insertions or omissions occur in the original text be- 
fore the translator. It is therefore satisfactory evidence 
against the genuineness of any particular passage that it is 
not found in the most ancient versions. 

The most important of these versions are the Syriac, the 
Old Latin, the Vulgate, the JEthiopic, the Egyptian, the 
Gothic, and the Armenian. 

A. Syriac Versions. 

(a.) The Peshito, the " Simple" — so called because of its 
fidelity to the Greek — dates in its oldest form (see below, 
Curetonian) from the middle of the second century. It 
supplied the wants of the Syrian Christians before the unhap- 
py schism in that Church (fifth century), and by its use in 
common has been always a bond of union between the dif- 
ferent sects, who still read it as a sacred classic, although 
its language is no longer the vernacular. The Peshito is 
the most faithful and accurate of the older versions, and 
has been called " the queen of versions." It is almost lit- 
eral, yet idiomatic, and rarely loose and paraphrastic. It 
is very important to the critic. The text connects it in 
many places with D and the Latin versions. Notwith- 
standing its age and value, it was not known to Europe 
until 1552; and in 1555, at Vienna, the first edition ap- 
peared, at the expense of the Emperor Ferdinand I., edited 
by Albert Widmanstadt, the imperial chancellor. This edi- 
tion is yet highly esteemed. The best modern editions, 
although none are superior, are those of Prof. Lee, printed 
by the British and Foreign Bible Society, and of William 



xxxviii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

Greenfield, in Bagster's Polyglot, and separately. The pe- 
culiarity of the Peshito version, and a proof of its early 
date, is its omission of 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John, Jude, and 
the Apocalypse. Dr. Murdock has published a " Literal 
Translation from the Syriac Peshito Version" (New York, 
1851). A translation of the Acts and Epistles from the 
Peshito, by J. W. Etheridge, appeared in London, 1849. 

(b.) The Philoxenian or Harclean version, so called 
from its patron Philoxenus, Monophysite bishop of Mabug 
(Hierapolis), in Eastern Syria (488-518), and from Thomas 
of Harkel, a subsequent editor, who was likewise a Mo- 
nophysite bishop of Mabug. It is " probably the most ser- 
vile version of Scripture ever made " (Scrivener). It is 
based upon the Peshito, and forces it into rigorous con- 
formity with the letter of the Greek at the expense of the 
spirit. It dates from A.D. 508, and was revised by Thomas 
of Harkel, 616. It contains the whole New Testament, 
except the Apocalypse, and is therefore more complete 
•than the Peshito, which omits four Epistles besides. The 
only edition of the Philoxenian is that of Joseph White, 
printed by the Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1778-1803, 4 vols. 
4to. Bernstein has published the Gospel of John (Leips. 
1853). 

(c.) The Curetonian Syriac is a mere fragment of the 
Gospels (consisting of 82j leaves), but very old and valu- 
able ; though overestimated by Canon Cureton, who thought 
it " retained, to a great extent, the identical terms and ex- 
pressions of St. Matthew's Hebrew Gospel." It is regard- 
ed by most scholars, as Cureton, Payne Smith, Herman- 
sen, Ewald, Crowfoot, Tregelles, and Westcott and Hort, as 
the oldest form of the Syriac version, the " Peshito " in its 
present form holding a relation to it similar to that o-f the 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, xxxix 

Vulgate to the Old Latin. Dean Alford calls it " the ear- 
liest and most important of all versions." Dr. Scrivener, 
however, places it decidedly below the Peshito. It was 
found by Archdeacon Tattam in 1842, with 550 other 
MSS., in a convent of the Nitrian Desert (70 miles north- 
west of Cairo), and brought to the British Museum ; and 
was published by Cureton in 1858, with a literal English 
translation. It agrees remarkably with D and the Old 
Latin, while the Peshito mostly favours A. It contains 
large portions of Matthew, Luke, and John, and the last 
four verses of Mark. 

Dr. Brugsch, the celebrated Egyptologist, afterwards dis- 
covered three additional leaves in the binding of a MS. of 
the Peshito which came from the Nitrian convent (1871). 
They were published by Rodiger in the Monatsbericht of 
the Berlin Academy for July, 1872 ; and also privately by 
Prof. Wright, as an appendix to Cureton's volume. The 
leaves contain Luke xv. 22-xvi. 12; xvii. 1-23; John vii. 
37-viii. 19. The Curetonian Syriac, including these new 
leaves, has been translated into Greek by J. R. Crow- 
foot in his Fragmenta JZvangelica, 2 parts, London, 1870- 
7l[72]. 

(d.) The Jerusalem Syriac. The principal MS. known 
is an Evangelistary in the Vatican, dated A.D. 1030. This 
has been published at Verona (1861-64, 2 vols. 4to) by 
Count Francis Miniscalchi Erizzo. Fragments of two oth- 
er MSS. are in the British Museum, and of two more at St. 
Petersburg. The text of these has been published by Land, 
Anecdota Syriaca, vol. iv. (1875). The version is quite in- 
dependent of the Peshito, and is referred by Tischendorf to 
the fifth century. It is in a peculiar dialect, and seems to 
have been little used. 



xl INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

B. Latin Versions, 

(a.) The Old Latin (Itala). This version is not found 
complete ; but from the quotations of the Latin fathers, es- 
pecially those in Tertullian, Cyprian, Lucifer of Cagliari, 
Hilary of Poitiers, Hilary the deacon or Ambrosiaster, Am- 
brose, Victorinus, Jerome, Rufinus, Augustine, Pelagius, and 
in the Apocalypse Primasius, its text can be in large meas- 
ure restored. See Hermann Ronsch, Das N. T. Tertul- 
liarfs, aus den Schriften des Letzeren mbglichst vollstandig 
reconstruct, Leipsic, 1871 (731 pages). 

The version is nearest in age to the Peshito, and may be 
assigned to the middle of the second century. It was not 
the work of one man, nor suffered to go uncorrected by 
many. Hence the confusion into which the matter has 
fallen, and the different accounts of it by different schol- 
ars; some holding that there were manv versions before 
Jerome, in proof of which statement they quote Augustine, 
Be Doctr. Christ, ii. 11; others holding that there was 
only one version, and citing in proof Jerome. But by the 
simple and natural explanation that there were many revis- 
ions of the one old translation, Augustine and Jerome can 
be reconciled. 

The version is made from the Septuagint in the Old Tes- 
tament ; is verbal, rough, and clumsy ; the language is the 
degenerate Latin of the second century, with admixture of 
colloquial and provincial forms. But this admixture ren- 
dered it soon unintelligible, and necessitated constant re- 
visions, and, eventually, a new and thorough translation 
from the original tongues. 

The balance of probability is in favour of North Africa 
as the place of its origin, because there, rather than in Italy, 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xli 

there was an immediate demand for a Latin translation ; 
while in the Roman Church the Greek language prevailed 
during the first and second centuries. Hence the name 
"Italic" or " Vetus Itala" is incorrect. Augustine (Be 
Doct?\ Christ, ii. 15) speaks of a translation which he calls 
the Itala,, and which he preferred to all the others. This 
was manifestly a recension of the same Old Latin version, 
made or used in Italy. 

This Old Latin version never attained to much author- 
ity ; the Greek being regarded as the authentic text, even 
in the early Latin Church. At the same time, the version 
is one of the most significant monuments of Christian an- 
tiquity, the medium of divine truth unto the Latin peo- 
ples for centuries, and of great value to the Bible critic by 
reason of its antiquity and literalness. The Apocryphal 
books of Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Ba- 
ruch, Prayer of Manasseh, and 4 Ezra (2 Esdras) were, in a 
substantially unchanged form, embodied in the Vulgate. In 
the Old Testament the Psalms were similarly transferred. 

There is still lacking a really trustworthy edition of the 
existing portions of the Old Latin version. For the New 
Testament there exist, however, more than twenty very an- 
cient but fragmentary MSS. of the Gospels, and some (im- 
perfect) of the Acts and the Pauline Epistles; while there 
is only one yet known of the Apocalypse, and but few frag- 
ments of the Catholic Epistles. The principal MSS. of the 
Gospels representing the African text are Codex Vercellen- 
sis (a), supposed to have been written by Eusebius, Bishop 
of Vercelli, cir. A.D. 365 ; Veronensis (b), of the fourth or 
fifth century ; and Colbertinus (c), at Paris, of the eleventh 
century, the only complete MS. Codex Brixianus (f), at 
Brescia, of the sixth century, represents a later revision, 



xlii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

probably Augustine's Itala. Codex Bobbiensis (k), now in 
Turin, of the fourth or fifth century, collated by Tischen- 
dorf, has a remarkable and valuable text; and the same is 
true of Codex Palatums (e), at Vienna, fifth century. 

Peter Sabatier's Bibliorum Sacrorum Latince Versiones 
Antiquce, sen Veins Italica et cceterce quwcunque in Codd. 
MSS. et Antiquorum Libris reperiri potuerunt (Remis, i. e. 
Rheims, 1743-49, 3 torn. fol. ; new title-page, Paris, 1751) 
remains the most complete edition of the Old Latin ver- 
sion, but many parts of each Testament have been careful- 
ly collated or edited subsequently. Worthy of special men- 
tion, for the Gospels, are Bianchini's Evangeliarium Quad- 
ruplex Latinm Versionis A?itiquce, seu Veteris Italicce, edi~ 
turn ex Codicibus Manuscriptis, Romse, 1749,2 torn, fol.; 
Scrivener's Codex Bezce, Cambridge, 1864; Tischendorfs 
JEvangelium Palatinum (Lips. 1847); and Haase's Codex 
Rehdigeranus (Breslau, 1865-66). For the x\cts, see Scriv- 
ener's Codex Bezce, and Belsheim's Die Apostelgeschichte 
und die Offenbarung Johannis in einer alien lat. Ueber- 
setzung aus dem Gigas Librorum, Christiania, 1879; for 
the Pauline Epistles, Tischendorfs Codex Claromontanus 
(1852), and Scrivener's Codex Augiensis, Cambridge, 1859; 
for the Catholic and Pauline Epistles (merely fragments), 
see Ziegler's Italafragmente, Marburg, 1876 ; for the Apoc- 
alypse, see Belsheim, as above. Belsheim's Codex Aureus 
of the Gospels (Christiania, 1878) is rather a M§. of the 
Vulgate than of the Old Latin, though the text is mixed. 

On the whole subject, consult Hermann Ronsch, Itala und 
Vulgata. Pas Sprachidiom der urchristlichen Pala und 
der katholischen Vulgata, 2d ed., revised, Marburg, 1875; 
L. Ziegler, Die latein. Bibelubersetzungen vor Hieronymus 
und die Itala des Augustinus, Munchen, 1879 (he proves 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xliii 

the existence of several Latin versions or revisions before 
Jerome) ; O. F. Fritzsche, Lutein. Bibelubersetzungen, in the 
new ed. of Herzog, vol. viii., 1881, pp. 433-472 ; and West- 
cott's art. "Vulgate," in Smith's Diet of the Bible. There 
is a good condensed account, revised by Dr. Abbot, in 
Mitchell's Critical Handbook (1880), p. 133 sq. 

(b.) The Latin Vulgate. In the course of time the text 
of the Old Latin became so corrupt that a thorough revision 
was imperative, and was intrusted by Pope Damasus, in 
382, to Jerome (d. 419), the most learned scholar of his 
day, and of all the Latin fathers best qualified, by genius, 
taste, and knowledge of Hebrew and Greek, for this diffi- 
cult task. He began upon the New Testament, and pro- 
ceeded cautiously, making as few changes as possible, so as 
not to arouse the opposition of those who, as he says, 
" thought that ignorance was holiness." But his scholarly 
instincts, no less than his convictions of duty towards the 
Divine Word, impelled him to go beyond his instructions, 
and make a new version of the Old Testament directly 
from the Hebrew, of which, however, it does not concern us 
at present to speak. Jerome's revision and new translation 
(finished 405) encountered much opposition, which greatly 
irritated his temper and betrayed him into contemptuous 
abuse of his opponents, whom he styled " bipedes asellos" 
But, by inherent virtues, rather than by external authority, 
it passed into such current use that in the eighth century 
it was the Vulgate, the common version, in the Western 
churches. It became much corrupted by frequent copy- 
ing. Alcuin, at the instance of Charlemagne, revised it 
circa 802, by the collation of various good MSS., and sub- 
stantially in this form it passed down to the invention of 
printing. 



xliv INTRODUCTION 7 TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

The first book printed was the Vulgate — the so-called 
Mazarin Bible (Gutenberg and Fust, Mayence, 1455). Print- 
ing, however, fixed errors and gave them w T ider currency, 
and revision was felt once more to be imperative. 

In the Council of Trent (Dec. 13, 1545, to Dec. 4, 1563) 
the matter was introduced Feb. 4, 1546, and the recom- 
mendation of revision passed on April 8 ; but it w T as not 
until 1590, in the pontificate of Sixtus V., that the revised 
edition of the Vulgate appeared. The scholarly pope took 
active interest in the work, rejecting or confirming the sug- 
gestions of the board of revisers, and corrected the proof- 
sheets with his own hand. It was prefaced by the famous, 
and, as the event showed, by no means infallible, constitu- 
tion jEtevnus ille (dated March 1, 1589), in which the 
pope said, " By the fulness of apostolical power, we decree 
and declare that this edition of the sacred Latin Vulgate 
of the Old and New Testaments, which has been received 
as authentic by the Council of Trent, ... be received and 
held as true, legitimate, authentic, and unquestioned, in all 
public and private disputation, reading, preaching, and ex- 
planation." He further forbade any alteration whatever; 
ordered this text, and none other, henceforth to be printed ; 
and hurled anathemas against every one disobeying the 
constitution. But, alas for the pope ! the immaculate edi- 
tion was full of errors and blunders ; and no sooner was he 
dead (Aug. 27, 1590) than the demand for a new edition 
arose. Bellarmine suggested an ingenious though dishon- 
ourable escape from the awkward predicament in which 
Sixtus had placed the Church — viz., that a corrected edi- 
tion should be hastily printed under the name of Sixtus, in 
which the blame of the errors should be thrown upon the 
printer ! His recommendation was adopted, but it was not 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xlv 

until 1592, under Clement VIIL, that the revised edition 
appeared. The Clementine edition is the standard in the 
Roman Catholic Church, in which this Latin translation 
takes precedence of the Hebrew and Greek originals, as 
the support of doctrine and guide of life. 

The materials for a more critical edition of the Vulgate 
than the Clementine are very abundant. There are numer- 
ous MSS., and much labour has already been expended 
upon the work. The most famous of these MSS. are 
(a) Codex Amiatinus, from the Cistercian Monastery of 
Monte Amiatino, in Tuscany, now in the Laurentian Li- 
brary at Florence; it contains the Old and New Testa- 
ments almost complete, dates from 541, and is the oldest 
and best MS. The New Testament was edited by Tisch- 
endorf, Leipsic, 1850, 2d ed. 1854, and by Tregelles (in his 
edition of the Greek Testament, with the variations of the 
Clementine text), (b) Codex Fuldensis, in the Abbey of 
Fulda, Hesse-Cassel ; contains the New Testament ; dates 
from 546. Collated by Lachmann for his large edition 
of the Greek Testament, and edited by E. Eanke, Marburg 
and Leipsic, 1868. (c) Codex Forojuliensis (sixth century), 
at Friuli; Matthew, Luke, and John published by Bianchini, 
Evang. Quadmqolex, Appendix. Part of the same MS. is 
at Prague (Pragensis). (d) Codex Harleian. 1775 (seventh 
century), of the Gospels, partially collated by Griesbach, 
Symb. Crit. vol. i. (e) Codex Toletanus, at Toledo ; writ- 
ten in Gothic letters in the eighth century ; collated by 
the Sixtine correctors and by Vercellone. It contains both 
Testaments. Its readings are o-iven bv Bianchini, Vindicice 
Canon. Scripturarum, Rome, 1740. 

The best edition of the variations is that of Carlo Ver- 
cellone, Varice Lectiones Virtg. Lat. Bibliorum JZditionis, 



xlvi INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

Kom. torn. i. 1860; torn. ii. pars 1, 1862; pars 2, 1864. 
Unfinished. A very important work, but, unfortunate- 
ly, without either the authorized or the corrected text. 
Fritzsche says (loc. cit. p. 458), " Even to-day there is 
wanting a text which answers the demands of science ; and . 
Protestantism alone can and ought to accomplish this work, 
already too long neglected." 



C. ^Ethiopic Version. 
There must have been a call for a translation of the New 
Testament very shortly after Christianity entered Abyssinia. 
So, although the tradition which assigns it to Abba Salama 
(Frumentius), the first bishop, be unreliable, the version 
probably dates from the fourth century, as Dillmann as- 
serts. This scholar likewise praises the version for its 
fidelity and general smoothness. The New Testament has 
been edited by Thomas Pell Piatt for the British and For- 
eign Bible Society (1826-30) ; but, unfortunately, it is al- 
most useless for critical purposes, because so dependent 
upon recent MSS. Gildemeister, professor in Marburg, 
collated some portions of the .^Ethiopic New Testament 
for Tischendorf s. edition of 1859. 

D. Old Egyptian, or Coptic, Versions* 

These are in the two dialects, the Thebaic or Sahidic, and 
the Mempliitic or Bahiric. They are, Bishop Lightfoot 
declares,f " entirely independent ;" the former is " rougher, 

* Copt is probably an Arabic transformation of the Greek 
Ah/virroQ, and is applied to the Christian inhabitants of Egypt, 
who inherited the old Egyptian (demotic) language, together 
w T ith their religion. 

f He prepared the chapter on the Egyptian Versions in Dr. 
Scrivener's Introduction, pp. 319-357. 






INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xlvii 

less polished, and less faithful to the original" than the 
latter. Both contain many Greek words, and are of great 
textual value, as they independently preserve a very ancient 
text from different manuscripts, with the adoption of many 
Greek words. Schwartze and Lightfoot infer from histori- 
cal notices that the greatest part of the New Testament, if 
not all, was translated into the Egyptian dialects in the 
second century. We have no satisfactory edition of either 
version. 

The editio princeps of the Memphitic Version for Lower 
Egypt is that of Wilkins (Oxford, 1716), based upon copi- 
ous materials, but not carried out with much critical sagaci- 
ty. Still, nothing better than his work has yet appeared, 
except an edition of the four Gospels by M. G. Schwartze 
(Leips. 1846 and 1847, 2 vols.), and of the Acts and Epis- 
tles by P. Boetticher, alias P. A. de Lagarde, of Gottingen 
(Halle, 1852). The Apocalypse is omitted. The New Tes- 
tament in Coptic (Memphitic) and Arabic was published by 
the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (1847-52), 
under the editorial care of " Henry Tattam, the presbyter 
of the Anglican Church for the Holy Patriarch and the 
Church of Christ in Egypt." It is beautifully printed, but 
of no critical value, because no various readings are record- 
ed. The basis of this edition is a copy belonging to the 
Coptic Patriarch. 

The editio princeps of the Thebaic Version for Upper 
Egypt is that of C. G. Woide, completed by Ford, Oxford, 
1799. The version is yet in a very fragmentary condi- 
tion, and there is need of an edition in which the fragments 
shall all be collected. The Thebaic Version is less valuable 
than the Memphitic ; its text is less pure, and shows a cer- 
tain infusion of those readings which are called Western, 

b 



xlviii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

though to nothing like the same extent as the Old Latin 
and the Old Syriac. 

E. Gothic Version. 

It is the work of Ulphilas (311-381, or 313-383*), the 
apostle of Christianity to the Goths, who in the fourth cen- 
tury translated the Old Testament from the Septuagint and 
the New Testament from the Greek into Gothic. There are 
seven famous codices of this version : (a) Codex Argenteus, 
fragments of the Gospels, dates from the earlier part of 
the sixth century; (b) Codex Carolinus, forty verses of the 
Epistle to the Romans ; (c) Palimpsest fragments of five 
codices (published by Mai and Castiglione, Milan, 1819-39), 
portions of Esther, Nehemiah, the Gospels, and Paul's Epis- 
tles. The best editions of all these fragments are by H. C. 
von der Gabelentz and J. Loebe : Ulfilas. Vet. et N. Test. 
Versionis Gothicce Fragmenta quce supersunt (Leipsic, 1836- 
46), and by E. Bernhardt (Halle, 1875), each of which is pro- 
vided with a complete apparatus. Stamm's Ulfilas, 7th ed. 
by Moritz Heyne, with Grammar and Lexicon, Paderborn, 
1878, is the most convenient for the student of the lan- 
guage; Bernhardt' s is the best for text-critical purposes. 
Com p. also W. Bessell : Das Leben des Ulfilas und die Be- 
kehrung der Gothen znm Christenthum (Gottingen, 1860). 
Dr. R. Miller and Dr. H. Hoeppe have just published the 
Gothic Gospel of Mark with a grammatical commentary : 
Ulfilas : Fvangelium Marci grammatisch erlautert, Berlin, 
1881 (pp. 72). The last seven verses of Mark are wanting. 

* The date 318-388 is exploded; but it is not certain whether 
we should adopt 311-381 (Stamni, Bernhardt) or 313-383 (Kraffi 
in Herzog, Davidson). 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. xlix 

F. Armenian Version. 

It belongs to the fifth century, and is the work of Miesrob 
and Moses Chorenensis. It has considerable critical value, 
though the existing MSS. are not very ancient, and there 
are wide differences among them. The version embraces 
the entire Bible. The first edition appeared at Amsterdam, 
1666, under the care of Bishop Uscan of Erivan; the best 
edition, founded on manuscripts, is by Zohrab — New Testa- 
ment, 1789 ; whole Bible, 1805. It is now regularly pub- 
lished bv the British and Foreign Bible Societv. 

On the Armenian Version, see the article by Tregelles in 
Smith's Bible Diet., Am. ed., vol. iv. p. 3374. 

We pass by the Slavonic, Arabic, and Persic versions, 
which are of too late a date to be of critical value for the 
restoration of the primitive text. 

3. Patristic Quotations. 

The third source of textual criticism is furnished by 
the quotations in the early Christian writers, from which 
the greater part of the New Testament might be recon- 
structed. The Greek fathers give direct, the Latin fathers 
indirect, testimony to the original text. Some of them — as 
Irenseus, Orio-en, Tertullian — are older than our oldest MSS., 
and therefore of the greatest value. 

But the fathers must be used with great care and dis- 
crimination. They were theologians and Christians rather 
than critics. They often quote very loosely, simply from 
memory, and more for doctrinal, polemical, and practical 
than critical purposes. Their testimony is fragmentary, 
and fails us where we most wish and need information. 
Besides, their editors have so frequently thought they were 



1 INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

doing a service when they corrected their quotations that 
it is at all times difficult to tell just what the text was be- 
fore them. Dr. Tregelles* plainly puts the case, and shows 
the true principles which should guide the critic. The 
chief benefit of patristic quotations consists not so much in 
their independent value as in their corroborative force, by 
establishing a reading which rests on good authority of 
MSS. or versions. When they are single and unsupport- 
ed, they deserve little or no credit. 

The most valuable works for critical purposes are com- 
mentaries and homilies which explain the text consecu- 
tively. Origen, Eusebius, and Jerome are by far the most 
learned Biblical scholars among the ancient fathers, and 
have more weight than all the rest as witnesses for the 
text. The number of ecclesiastical writers that have been 
consulted by various critics considerably exceeds one hun- 
dred, but only a few yield substantial results. We confine 
our list to the first five centuries.f 

A. Greek Fathers. 
First century : The apostolic fathers, so called — Clement 
of Rome, Polycarp, Ignatius, Barnabas — would, as pupils of 
the apostles, be the oldest and most important witnesses ; 
but they still lived in the element of oral tradition within 
the hearing of the apostles, and hence they quote few pas- 
sages from the New Testament. 

* In Home's Introduction (14th ed. London, 1877), vol. iv. pp. 
329-342. 

f Alford (i. 140-143) gives an alphabetical list of over one hun- 
dred and fifty ancient writers. See also the lists in Scholz, 
Tischendorf, Scrivener (p. 372 sq.), and Mitchell (Tables XI. 
and XII.). 






INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. II 

Second century: Justin Martyr (d. 167) comes next in 
the order of time, and makes much use of the four Gos- 
pels, but in a very free and loose way. Irenaeus of Lyons 
(d. 202) is the most important witness of the second cen- 
tury, and his great work against the Gnostic heresies is re- 
plete with Scripture knowledge, but exists for the most 
part only in a Latin version.* 

Third century : Clemens Alexandrinus (d. 220), and still 
more the great Origen (184-254). Next to them Hip- 
polytus (disciple of Irenaeus, about 220), Gregory Thauina- 
turgus (disciple of Origen, 243), Dionysius Alexandrinus 
(265), and Methodius (d. 311). 

In the fourth and fifth centuries : Eusebius the historian 
(d. 340, much used by Tischendorf and Tregelles), Athana- 
sius (d. 373), Basilius Magnus (d. 379), Gregory Nazian- 
zen (d. 389), Gregory Nyssen (d. 371), Ephraem Syrus 
(d. 373), Cyril of Jerusalem (d. 386), Didymus of Alexan- 
dria (d. 395), Chrysostom (d. 407), Epiphanius (d. 403), 
Theodore of Mopsuestia (d. 428), Cyril of Alexandria (d. 
444), and Theodoret (d. 458). 

B. Latin Fathers. 

Second century : Tertullian (about 200), very important 
for the Old Latin Version. 

Third century: Cyprian (d. 258), Novatian (fl. 251), 
Lactantius (306). 



* He testifies, e. g, , to the last twelve verses of Mark, and to 
the existence of two readings of the mystic number in Rev. xiii. 
18 : the one is 666, which he found in the best copies, and ex- 
plains to mean Lateinos (while several modern exegetes make 
it out to mean, in Hebrew letters, Neron Ccesar) ; the other 616, 
which is the numerical value of Nero (without the final n) Caesar. 



lii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

Fourth and fifth centuries: Hilary of Poitiers (354), 
Lucifer of Cagliari (d. cir. 3 70), Victorinus Afer (d. cir. 
370), Ambrose (d. 379), Arabrosiaster or Pseudo- Ambrose, 
probably to be identified with Hilary the deacon (about 
384), Pelagius (417), Augustine (a profound divine and 
spiritual commentator, but a poor linguist and critic, d. 
430), and, most of all, Jerome, the translator of the Latin 
Bible from the original Hebrew and Greek (d. 419). 



II. THE VARIATIONS AND TEXTUAL CRITICISM. 

1. Origin of Variations. 

In such a vast number of manuscript copies of the New 
Testament there must needs be a multitude of variations. 
They are partly unintentional or accidental, partly intention- 
al or designed. Errors of the first class proceed either from 
misreading, or from mishearing (in case of dictation), or 
from fault of memory. Errors of the second class are 
due either to misjudgment, or to an innocent desire to cor- 
rect supposed mistakes, to supply defects, to harmonize ap- 
parent discrepancies, or to wilful corruption for sectarian 
purposes. Cases of wilful mutilation or corruption of the 
text are, however, exceedingly rare. Transcribers had too 
much reverence for the words of Christ and his inspired 
apostles to be guilty of it, though in making their choice 
between conflicting readings they would naturally be bi- 
assed by their theological opinions.* 



* "The charges against the heretics of wilful corruption of 
the text (setting aside avowed excision like that of Marcion) 
rest on no good foundation. In the definite instances alleged 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. liii 

2. Number of Variations 
The variations began very early, with the first copies, 
and continued to increase till the art of printing superseded 
the necessity of transcribing, and substituted typographical 
errors for errors of copyists They were gradually found 
out as the collection and examination of the sources pro- 
gressed. Dr. John Mill, in 1707, roughly estimated the 
number at 30,000. Since that time it has risen to " at 
least fourfold that quantity," as Dr. Scrivener wrote in 1874, 
and now cannot fall much short of 150,000, if we include 
the variations in the order of words, the mode of spelling, 
and other trifles which are ignored even in the most ex- 
tensive critical editions. This number far exceeds that of 
any ancient book, for the simple reason that the New Tes- 
tament was far more frequently copied, translated, and 
quoted than the most celebrated works of Greek and Ro- 
man genius 

3, Value of Variations. 
This multitude of various readings of the Greek text need 
not puzzle or alarm any Christian. It is the natural result 

by ancient writers (John i. 13,- iii. 6; Mark xiii 32) the 'heretu 
cal ' reading turns out to be the true one. Epiphanius charges 
the orthodox with omitting Luke xxii 43, 44, to remove a diffi 
culty This is the most plausible case of alleged wilful corrup 
tion. But Westcott and Hort, with Mr. Norton and Granville 
Penn (comp. Weiss) regard the passage as a later addition, and 
I am disposed to agree with them. No case of deliberate, w T il 
ful corruption, affecting any considerable number ofMSS., on the 
part either of the heretics or the orthodox, can be anywhere 
made out. Hash attempts to correct supposed error must not be 
confounded with wilful corruption " (Dr. Abbot, private letter) 



liv INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



of the great wealth of our documentary resources; it is 
a testimony to the immense importance of the New Testa- 
ment ; it does not affect, but rather insures, the integrity of 
tlus text ; and it is a useful stimulus to study. 

Only about 400 of the 100,000 or 150,000 variations 
materially affect the sense. Of these, again, not more than 
about fifty are really important for some reason or other ; 
and even of these fifty not one affects an article of faith or 
precept of duty which is not abundantly sustained by oth- 
er and undoubted passages, or by the whole tenour of Script- 
ure teaching. The Textus Heceptus of Stephens, Beza, and 
Elzevir, and of our English version, teach precisely the 
same Christianity as the uncial text of the Sinaitic and 
Vatican MSS., the oldest versions, and the Anglo-American 
revision. Richard Bentley, the ablest and boldest of clas- 
sical critics of England, affirms that even the worst of MSS. 
does not pervert or set aside " one article of faith or moral 
precept." Dr. Ezra Abbot, who ranks among the first text- 
ual critics, and is not hampered by orthodox bias (being a 
Unitarian), asserts that "no Christian doctrine or duty 
rests on those portions of the text which are affected by 
differences in the manuscripts ; still less is anything essen- 
tial in Christianity touched by the various readings. They 
do, to be sure, affect the bearing of a few passages on the 
doctrine of the Trinity ; but the truth or falsity of the 
doctrine by no means depends upon the reading of those 
passages."* 



* Anglo-American Bible Revision, p. 92. In a later article (Sun- 
day Scliool Times, Phila., May 28, 1881) he makes a similar as- 
sertion with special reference to the English revision: "This 
host of various readings may startle one who is not acquainted 
with the subject, and he may imagine that the whole text of 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lv 

Moreover, the large number of various readings is a pos- 
itive advantage in ascertaining the true text. The word 
of the wise man may be applied here: "In the multitude 



the New Testament is thus rendered uncertain. But a careful 
analysis will show that nineteen twentieths of these are of no 
more consequence than the palpable errata in the first proof of 
a modern printer; they have so little authority, or are so mani- 
festly false, that they may be at once dismissed from considera- 
tion. Of those which remain, probably nine tenths are of no 
importance as regards the sense; the differences either cannot 
be represented in a translation, or affect the form of expression 
merely, not the essential meaning of the sentence. Though the 
corrections made by the revisers in the Greek text of the New 
Testament followed by our translators probably exceed two 
thousand, hardly one tenth of them, perhaps not one twentieth, 
will be noticed by the ordinary reader. Of the small residue, 
many are indeed of sufficient interest and importance to consti- 
tute one of the strongest reasons for making a new revision, 
which should no longer suffer the known errors of copyists to 
take the place of the words of the evangelists and apostles. 
But the chief value of the work accomplished by the self-deny- 
ing scholars who have spent so much time and labour in the 
search for manuscripts, and in their collation or publication, 
does not consist, after all, in the corrections of the text which 
have resulted from their researches. These corrections may 
affect a few of the passages which have been relied on for the 
support of certain doctrines, but not to such an extent as essen- 
tially to alter the state of the question. Still less is any ques- 
tion of Christian duty touched by the multitude of various read- 
ings. The greatest service which the scholars who have de- 
voted themselves to critical studies and the collection of critical 
materials have rendered has been the establishment of the fact 
that, on the whole, the New Testament writings have come 
down to us in a text remarkably free from important corrup- 
tions, even in the late and inferior manuscripts on which the 
so-called ' received text ' was founded ; while the helps which 



hi INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

of counsellors there is safety" (Pro v. xi. 14). The original 
reading is sure to be preserved in one or more of these 
sources. Hence we need not, as in the case of the ancient 
classics, resort to subjective conjectural criticism, which 
never leads to absolute certainty. The very multitude of 
readings is the best guarantee of the essential integrity of 
the New Testament. 

This fact w T as long ago clearly stated by Richard Bent- 
ley, when the resources of the text were not nearly so 
abundant. Fertile and ingenious as he was in his conject- 
ural emendations of classical authors, he yet declares, in 
his Prospectus for a new edition of the Greek Testament 
(1720), that "in the sacred writings there is no place for 
conjectures and emendations. Diligence and fidelity, with 
some judgment and experience, are the characters here 
requisite." And in another place :* " If there had been but 
one MS. of the Greek Testament at the restoration of learn- 
ing, about two centuries ago, then we had had no various 
readings at all. And would the text be in a better condi- 
tion then than now we have 30,000 ? So far from that, 
that in the best single copy extant we should have some 
hundreds of faults and some omissions irreparable. Be- 
sides that, the suspicions of fraud and foul play would have 

we now possess for restoring it to its primitive purity far ex- 
ceed those wmich we enjoy in the case of any eminent clas- 
sical author whose works have come down to us. The multi- 
tude of ' various readings,' wrhich to the thoughtless or ignorant 
seems so alarming, is simply the result of the extraordinary 
richness and variety of our critical resources. " 

* In his reply, under the pseudonym of Pliileleutlierus Lip- 
siensis, to the deist Anthony Collins, who, in his Discourse of 
Free-thinking (1713), represented the 30,000 variations of Mill 
as fatal to the authority of the New Testament. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lvii 

been increased immensely. It is good, therefore, to have 
more anchors than one. . . . It is a good providence and 
a great blessing that so many manuscripts of the New Tes- 
tament are still amongst us ; some procured from Egypt, 
others from Asia, others found in the Western churches. 
For the very distances of places, as well as numbers of the 
books, demonstrate that there could be no collusion, no al- 
tering, nor interpolating one copy by another, nor all by 
any of them. In profane authors whereof one manuscript 
only had the luck to be preserved, as Velleius Paterculus 
among the Latins, and Hesychius among the Greeks, the 
faults of the scribes are found so numerous, and the de- 
fects so beyond all redress, that, notwithstanding the pains 
of the learnedest and acutest critics for two whole centu- 
ries, these books still are, and are like to continue, a mere 
heap of errors. On the contrary, where the copies of any 
author are numerous, though the various readings always 
increase in proportion, there the text, by an accurate colla- 
tion of them, made by skilful and judicious hands, is ever 
the more correct, and comes nearer to the true words of 
the author." And again : " Make your 30,000 (variations) 
as many more — if numbers of copies can ever reach that 
sum — all the better to a knowing and a serious reader, who 
is thereby more richly furnished to select what he sees 
genuine. But even put them into the hands of a knave or 
a fool, and yet with the most sinistrous and absurd choice, 
he shall not extinguish the light of any one chapter, nor 
so disguise Christianity but that every feature of it will 
still be the same." 

To quote a modern authority : " So far," says Dr. Scriv- 
ener (p. 4), "is the copiousness of our stores from causing 
doubt or perplexity to the genuine student of Holy Script- 



Iviii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 



the 



fully its 



ure, that it leads him to recognise tnc more 
eral integrity in the midst of partial variation. What 
would the thoughtful reader of ^Eschylus give for the like 
guidance through the obscurities which vex his patience 
and mar his enjoyment of that sublime poet V 

. 4. Classes of Variations. 

The variations which really involve the sense may, with 
Dr. Tregelles, be reduced to three classes — omissions, or ad- 
ditions, or substitutions of words and phrases. 

(1.) Omissions. These occur very often from homoeo- 
teleuton (bfiotoreXevTOp), when two lines or clauses end with 
the same word or words, which may be easily overlooked. 
A very important case of this kind is the sentence in 1 John 
ii. 23 : b bfxoXoywu rbv vlbv kcu rbv 7raripa tyti (the same 
ending as in the preceding clause), which is not found in 
the Textus Receptus, and is italicised in the English Version ; 
but sustained by X, A, B, C, P, and other authorities, and 
properly restored in the English Revision. Here the older 
text restores what the later lost. 

(2.) Additions are very numerous in the later MSS. and 
in the Textus Receptus, which must be eliminated accord- 
ing to the oldest and best authorities. They may be di- 
vided into several classes. 

(a.) Additions caused by transferring a genuine word or 
passage from one book to another ; first on the margin or 
between the lines, and then into the text. These cases 
arc most frequent in the parallel sections of the Gospels. 
They began probably with the Gospel Harmonies, the old- 
est of which is Tatian's Diatessaron, from the second cen- 
tury. See in the Text. Rec, Matt. i. 25 (supplemented 
from Luke ii. V); Matt. v. 44 (from Luke vi. 27, 28); 






INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lix 

Matt. ix. 13 (from Luke v. 32) ; Matt. xvii. 21 (from Mark 
ix. 29); Matt. xix. 16, 17 (comp. Mark x. 17, 18; Luke 
xviii. 18, 19); Matt. xix. 20 (from Mark x. 20 and Luke 
xviii. 21) ; Mark iii. 5 and Luke vi. 10 (from Matt. xii. 13) ; 
Mark vi. 11 (from Matt, x. 15) ; Mark xiii. 14 (from Matt. 
xxiv. 15); Mark xv. 28 (from Luke xxii. 37); Luke iv. 2, 
4, 5, 8 (comp. Matt, iv. 2, 4, 8, 10); Luke xi. 2, 4 (from 
Matt. vi. 9, 10, 13) ; John vi. 69 (from Matt, xvi. 16) ; Acts 
ix. 5, 6 (from xxvi. 14, 15; xxii. 10), etc. By removing 
these interpolations of words and clauses, otherwise genu- 
ine, we lose nothing and gain a better insight into the in- 
dividuality of each Gospel. 

(b.) Amplifications of quotations from the Old Testa- 
ment, Matt. ii. 18; xv. 8; Luke iv. 18, 19; Eom. xiii. 9; 
Heb. ii. 7 ; xii. 20, etc. These are all right in the Septua- 
gint. 

(c.) Insertions of words and proper names (instead of 
pronouns) from lectionaries for the Church service, espe- 
cially those of the Gospels (Evangelistaria). Hence the 
frequent interpolation or changed position of 'Irjcrovg (e. g, y 
Matt. iv. 18; viii. 5; xiv. 22; John i. 44). Comp. also 
Luke vii. 31 (the prefix sine Se 6 Kvpiog), and x. 22 (/ecu arrpu- 
(pe)g 7rpaQ tovq fJLaSrjrag eiTre). 

(d.) Additions from a love of paraphrase, which charac- 
terizes all the sources embraced by Westcott and Hort un- 
der the designation of the " Western" text. In this re- 
spect King James's revisers have imitated the old copyists 
and translators, but have acted more honestly by printing 
their numerous and mostly useless interpolations in italics. 

(e.) Additions from oral tradition, ancient liturgies, and 
explanatory glosses. Under this head we may place the 
most important and serious interpolations, which are re- 



Ix INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

jected by the severer class of critics, although, some may 
be defended with solid arguments. They are as follows : 

The doxology in the Lord's Prayer (Matt. vi. 13), which 
was unknown to Origen, Tertullian, and Cyprian (in their 
commentaries on the Lord's Prayer), and is missing in the 
oldest MSS., in the Itala and Vulgate. It probably came 
in from 1 Chron. xxix. 11, and from the ancient liturgies.* 

The passage about the descent of the angel troubling 
the pool of Bethesda (John v. 3, 4, from " waiting " till " he 
had"), which expresses a popular superstition. 

The section on the woman taken in adultery (John vii. 
53-viii. 11, in ten MSS. at the end of the Gospel of John, 
in four at the end of Luke xxi.), which no doubt rests on a 
primitive and authentic tradition, but was not written by 
John. 

The concluding twelve verses of Mark (xvi. 9-20), which 
are, however, sustained by witnesses older than our oldest 
MSS.f 

* The English Revision puts the doxology in the margin. 
It was a case of honesty versus prudence. No change seems 
to have given wider dissatisfaction than this. The doxology 
is very appropriate, and will always be used ; but this, of course, 
does not affect the critical question, which is simply one of evi- 
dence. Its insertion from liturgical usage is far more easily 
accounted for than its omission. 

f The genuineness of the conclusion of Mark has been de- 
fended with minute learning and ability by John W. Burgon, 
B.D. (now archdeacon of Chichester), in an almost exhaustive 
monograph of 334 pages : The Last Twelve Verses of the Gospel 
according to S. Mark Vindicated against Recent Critical Objections 
and Established, Oxford and London, 1871. His apologetic zeal 
leads him into injustice to the oldest and best MSS. which omit 
the passage, and to the most meritorious modern critics — Tisch- 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. Ixi 

The baptismal confession of the eunuch (Acts viii. 37), 
which came in from ecclesiastical use. 

The passage of the three heavenly witnesses (1 John v. 
'7, 8), which is wanting in all the uncials, in all the ancient 
versions (including the best MSS. of the Vulgate), and in 
all the Greek fathers. It first appeared in Latin copies, 
and only in two very late Greek MSS., of no authority. 
The internal evidence is likewise against it, since John 
would not have written " the Father and the* Word and the 
Holy Spirit," but " the Father and the Son," or " God and 
the Word," etc. Hence it is universally given up by critics.* 

endorf and Tregelles, His arguments against X and B prove 
altogether too much, and w r ould destroy our confidence in all 
MSS., versions, and citations. Dr. Scrivener also (pp. 507-513), 
defends the genuineness of Mark xvi. 9-20. It seems impossi- 
ble that the evangelist should have ended his book so abruptly 
with tyopovvTo yap. The oldest versions and lectionaries con- 
tain the section in whole or in part. Irengeus treats it as an inte- 
gral portion of Mark (Adv. Hcer. iii. 10, 6). The Vatican MS. 
leaves the wmole third column blank, but concludes the Gospel 
of Mark in the second column, at ver. 8, with the usual ara- 
besque and the subscription KATA MAPKON, leaving an inter 
vening space of only three lines (not enough for tw r o verses). 
Burgon and Scrivener make much of the fact that this blank 
column is the only vacant column in the Vatican MS. ; but Dr. 
Abbot replies that two columns are left blank at the end of ]Nc- 
hemiah, and a column and a half at the end of the book of To- 
bit, presenting an appearance very similar to that of the end of 
Mark. Tischendorf and Tregelles set the twelve verses apart ; 
Westcott and Hort enclose them in double brackets ; the Anglo- 
American Revision properly retains them w r ith a marginal note. 
* Even Dr. Scrivener, one of the most conservative critics, 
says (p. 561), ' ' To maintain the genuineness of this passage is 
simply impossible." More than fifty volumes and pamphlets 
have been written on this controversy. 



Ixii INTRODUCTION" TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

(3.) Substitutions of one word for another, similar in 
spelling or sound. Here belong the remarkable variations 
in John i. 18 (fwvoyevt)g Beoe, abridged 60, or viae, abridged 
YC), in Luke ii. 14 (evcoria, or eucoaag) ; in Rom. v. 1 (f'x°~ 
Hev, or ex^nev), in 1 Tim. iii. 16 (oc, OC, or Seog, 6C), in 
Apoc. xvii. 8 (icaiirep torn', for kcu 7rapeoTcu), 

Other substitutions are due to the aim of harmonizing 
passages, or of correcting a supposed error, as h rolg irpotyii- 
raig for kv tw 'Hffa'/'a rw Trpotyrjrrj, in Mark i. 2 ; Brj^ajjapd 
for BrjSavia, in John i. 28 (due, perhaps, to the conjecture 
of Origen) ; tyiv kKK\r\(iiav rou Kvpiov for tov Scov, if not 
vice versa, in Acts xx. 28. 

5. Object of Textual Criticism. 

The textual variations necessitate textual criticism, which 
has gradually grown to the proportion and dignity of a 
special branch of sacred learning. It w r as matured with 
the discovery and collection of the material during the 
eighteenth century, and reached its height within the last 
twenty years. It has been cultivated mostly by Protestant 
scholars — Swiss, German, Dutch, and English. A few Cath- 
olics — like Hug and Scholz, Vercellone and Cozza — have 
nobly taken part in the work ; but, upon the whole, the 
Roman Church cares more for tradition than for the Bible, 
and is satisfied with the Latin Vulgate sanctioned by the 
Council of Trent. Protestant Bible Societies have been 
denounced as dangerous and pestiferous by several popes. 

The object of textual criticism, as applied to the Greek 
Testament, is to ascertain and restore, as far as possible, the 
original text as it came from the pens of the apostolic au- 
thors. It aims to show not what they ought to have writ- 
ten, but what they actually did write. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lxiii 

6. Critical Rules. 

Since Bengel, Wetstein, and Griesbach, the critical proc- 
ess has been reduced to certain rules, but there is consid- 
erable diversity in the mode and extent of their applica- 
tion. The following* may be regarded as being sound, and 
more or less accepted by the best modern critics. 

(l.) Knowledge of documentary evidence must precede 
the choice of readings. 

(2.) All kinds of evidence must be taken into account, 
according to their intrinsic value. 

(3.) The sources of the text must be carefully sifted and 
classified, and the authorities must be weighed rather than 
numbered. One independent manuscript may be worth 
two dozen which are copied from the same original. On 
closer inspection, the witnesses are found to fall into cer- 
tain groups or families, and to represent certain tendencies. 
Bengel and Griesbach first arranged them into recensions 
or families. Westcott and Hort have modified and per- 
fected this system. They distinguish between the West- 
ern, the Alexandrian, the Syrian, and the neutral texts. 

(4.) The restoration of the pure text is founded on the 
history and genealogy of the textual corruptions. 

(5.) The older reading is preferable to the later, because 
it is presumably nearer the source. In exceptional cases 
later copies may represent a more ancient reading. 

(6.) The shorter reading is preferable to the longer, be- 
cause insertions and additions are more probable than 
omissions. " Brevior lectio prceferenda est verbosiori " 
(Griesbach). 

(7.) The more difficult reading is preferable to the easier. 
" Lectio difficilior principatum tenet" was Bengel's first rule. 

E 



lxiv INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

(8.) The reading which explains the origin of the other 
readings is preferable. This rule is emphasised by Tiseh- 
endorf. 

(9.) "That reading is preferable which best suits the 
peculiar style, manner, and habits of thought of the au- 
thor; it being the tendency of copyists to overlook the 
idiosyncracies of the writer " (Scrivener). 

(10.) That reading is preferable which shows no doctrinal 
bias, whether orthodox or heretical. 

(11.) The agreement of the most ancient witnesses of all 
classes decides the true reading against all mediaeval copies 
and printed editions. 

(12.) The primary uncials, a, B, C, and A — especially a 
and B — if sustained by ancient versions and ante-Nicene 
citations, outweigh all later authorities, and give us pre- 
sumably the original text. 

7. Application of the Rules. 
The application of these critical canons decides, in the 
main, against the Textus Receptus, so called, from which the 
Protestant versions were made, and in favour of an uncial 
text. The former rests on a few and late, mostly cursive 
MSS., which have very little or no authority when com- 
pared with much older authorities which have since been 
brought to light. It abounds in later additions, harmless 
as they may be. It arose, as it were, by accident, before 
the material for the science of criticism was collected and 
examined. Erasmus, Stephens, and Beza were good schol- 
ars, but could accomplish little with the scanty resources 
at their command. Griesbach, Lachmann, Tregelles, and 
Tischendorf have the advantage over them in the posses- 
sion of an immense critical apparatus which has been accu- 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lxv 

mulating for three hundred years. We are now able to go 
back from the cursive text of the fifteenth century to a 
text at least a thousand years older — a text of the Nicene 
and ante-Nicene a^e. 

It has taken a long time for scholars to become emanci- 
pated from the tyranny of the Textus Receptus, and it will 
be a long time before the people can be weaned from 
the authority of the vernacular versions based upon it. 
But the truth will prevail at last over tradition and habit. 
Amicus Stephanus, amicus Beza, sed magis arnica Veritas. 

The loss of the traditional text is more than made up by 
the gain. The substance remains, the form only is changed. 
The true text is shorter, but it is also older, purer, and 
stronger. By that we must abide until new discoveries 
bring us still nearer to the inspired original. 



m. THE PRINTED EDITIONS OF THE GREEK TEXT. 

The history of the printed text of the Greek Testament 
may be divided into three periods : 

(L) The period of the unlimited reign of the Received 
Text, so called, from 1516 to 1750 or 1770. 

(2.) The transition period from the Received Text to the 
Uncial Text, 1770 to 1830. 

(3.) The restoration of the oldest and purest text, 1830 
to 1881. 

Dr. Reuss, of Strasburg, who is in possession of the 
largest private collection of editions of the Greek Testa- 
ment, gives a chronological list of 584 distinct and 151 
title editions of the Greek Testament, printed from 1514 



lxvi INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

■ . ■ ■ .. —x ^^— — — - -. ' 

to 1870, and divides them into twenty-seven families.* I 
confine myself here to the leading editions which mark an 
epoch in the history of textual criticism. 

1. The Period of the Textus Receptus. From Eras- 
mus and Stephens to Bengel and Wetstein. — A.D. 
1516-1750. 

This period extends from the Reformation to the mid- 
dle of the 18th century. The text of Erasmus, with a 
few improvements of Stephens, Beza, and the Elzevirs, as- 
sumed a stereotyped character, and acquired absolute do- 
minion among scholars. The Protestant versions made 
from this text gained the same authority among the laity. 
Both were practically considered to be the inspired word 
of God, and every departure from them was looked upon 
with suspicion. 

* See his Bibliotheca Novi Test. Greed (1872). The editions are 
classified as follows : 

I. Editio Complutensis ; II. Editiones Erasmicae; III. Editio 
Compluto-Erasmica ; IV. Editio Colinaei; V. Editiones Stepha- 
nies; VI. Editiones Erasmo-Stephanicae; VII. Editiones Com- 
pluto-Stephanicae ; VIII. Editiones Bezanae ; IX. Editiones Ste- 
phano-Bezanae; X. Editiones Stephano-Plantinianae ; XI. Edi- 
tiones Elzevirianae ; XII. Editiones Stephano-Elzevirianae ; XIII. 
Editiones Elzeviro-Plantinianae ; XIV. Editiones eriticae ante- 
Griesbachianae ; XV. Editiones Griesbachianae ; XVI. Editiones 
Matthaeianae ; XVII. Editiones Griesbachio-Elzevirianae ; XVIII. 
Editiones Knappianae; XIX. Editiones criticae minores post- 
Griesbachianae ; XX. Editiones Scholzianae; XXI. Editiones 
Lachmannianae ; XXII. Editiones Griesbachio-Lachmannianae ; 
XXIII. Editiones Tischendorfianae ; XXIV. Editiones mixtae 
recentiores; XXV. Editiones nondum collatae; XXVI. Editi- 
ones dubiae ; XXVII. Editiones spuriae. To these should be add- 
ed the edition of Tregelles and the edition of Westcott and Hort. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. Ixvii 

The Roman Catholic Church held, and still holds, with 
the same unreasonable tenacity to Jerome's Vulgate, which, 
as a translation, is still further removed from the fountain 
of inspiration, though based in part on an older text. 

(1.) The first published (not printed) edition of the Greek 
Testament is that of Erasmus (urged by the enterprising 
publisher Frobenius, who offered to pay him as much "as 
anybody"), at Basle, Switzerland, 1516, fol. 

It was a most timely publication, just one year before 
the Reformation. Erasmus was the best classical scholar 
of his age (a better Latinist than Hellenist), and one of the 
forerunners of the Reformation, although he afterwards 
withdrew from it and died on the division line between 
two ages and two churches (1536). He furnished Luther 
and Tyndale the text for their vernacular versions, which 
became the most powerful levers of the Reformation in 
Germany and England. 

The first edition was taken chiefly from two late Basle 
MSS. of the Gospels and Epistles, which are still preserved 
in the University Library at Basle, and have the marks of 
the printer's pages (as I observed in 1879). They date from 
the fourteenth or fifteenth century. Erasmus compared 
them with two others. For the Apocalypse he had only 
one MS., borrowed from Reuchlin, then lost sight of, but 
recently found again in 1861 ;* defective on the last leaf 
(containing the last six verses, which he retranslated from 
the Vulgate into poor Greek). Made in great haste, in 
less than six months, and full of errors. Elegant Latin 
version. Dedicated to Pope Leo X. Erasmus himself, 

* By Dr. Delitzsch, in the library of the princely house of 
Oettingen-Wallerstein. See his Handschriftliclie Funde, Heft i. 
and ii. 1861 and 1862. 



lxviii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

aided by (Ecolampadius, published five editions, with slight 
improvements, all Grseco-Latin. Second edition, 1519 (the 
basis of Luther's translation); third, 1522; fourth, 1527; 
fifth, 1535 ; besides other editions which appeared at Ven- 
ice, Strasburg, Basle, Paris, etc.* 

The entire apparatus of Erasmus never exceeded eight 
MSS. The best he had he used least, because he was 
afraid of it ; namely, a cursive of the tenth century, num- 
bered 1, which agrees better with the uncial than with the 
received text. He also took the liberty of occasionally cor- 
recting or supplementing his text from the Vulgate. 

(2.) The Complutensian New Testament, in the Polyglot 
Bible of Complutum, or Alcala de Henares, in Spain, pre- 
pared under the direction of Cardinal Francis Ximenes 
de Cisneros (archbishop of Toledo), and published 1520, 
with papal approbation, in 6 vols. The work was begun 
1502, in celebration of the birth of Charles V., and the New 
Testament was completed Jan. 10, 1514; the fourth vol., 
July 10, 1517 (the year of the Reformation) ; but not pub- 

* Eeuss gives the titles of these editions, and says (Biblioth. 
p. 26) that they vary in sixty-two out of a thousand places which 
he compared. Mill's estimate of the variations is far below the 
mark; see Scrivener, p. 385. Of the first edition Erasmus him- 
self says, " prcecipitatum fuit xerius quam editum," in order that 
his publisher might anticipate the publication of the Complu- 
tensian Polyglot. The second edition is more correct. The 
third edition first inserted the spurious passage of the three wit- 
nesses (1 John v. 7) from the Codex Montfortianus of the six- 
teenth century. The fourth edition adds, in a third parallel 
column, the Latin Vulgate, besides the Greek and his own ver- 
sion. The fifth edition omits the Vulgate, but otherwise hardly 
differs from the fourth ; and from these two, in the main, the 
Textus Beceptus is ultimately derived. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lxix 

lished till 1520, four years after the first edition of Erasmus 
(who did not see the Polyglot till 1522), and three years 
after the cardinal's death (who died 1517, at the age of 
eighty-one). Pope Leo would not give his approbation till 
March 22, 1520 ; even then there was some delay, and the 
work did not get into general circulation before 1522. 

The New Testament forms vol. v., and gives the Greek 
and the Latin Vulgate. Vols, ii., iii., and iv. contain the Old 
Testament with the Apocrypha. The canonical books of 
the Old Testament are given in three languages : the Latin 
Vulgate characteristically holds the place of honour in the 
middle, between the Greek Septuagint and the Hebrew orig- 
inal. This signifies, according to the Prolegomena, that 
Christ, i. e. the Roman or Latin Church, was crucified be- 
tween two robbers, i. e. the Jewish Synagogue and the 
schismatical Greek Church ! The sixth vol. contains lexica,. 
indexes, etc. Only six hundred copies were printed ; hence 
the work is very rare. 

The liberal cardinal spent on his Polyglot 50,000 ducats, 
or about $115,000. But it w T as only one fourth of his 
yearly income.* 

The text of the New Testament is mostlv derived from 
late MSS. not specified, and not described except in the 
general terms " very ancient and correct," and procured 
from Rome.f 

* See a full description in Tregelles, Account of the Printed 
Text, etc., pp. 1-19. 

f On the textual sources of the Complutensian Polyglot, see 
Tregelles, loc. cit., pp. 12-18. Reuss (Biblioth. pp. 16-24) gives a 
list of the readings peculiar to this Greek Testament. An ac- 
curate reprint w T as edited by P. A. Gratz, Tubingen, 1821 ; 2d ed. 
Mayence, 1827, with changes in the orthography and punctua- 



lxx INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

(3.) Editions of the great printer and scholar Robert 
Stephens (Stephanus, Estienne, 1503-59), published at 
Paris in 1546 and 1549, 16nio (called, from the first words 
of the preface, the mirificam editions); 1550, in folio; 
and at Geneva in 1551, 16mo. His son Henry (1528-98) 
collated the MSS. employed for these editions, which were 
greatly admired for their excellent type, cast at the expense 
of the French government. 

Stephens's "royal edition" {editio regia) of 1550 is the 
most celebrated, and the nearest source of the Textus Re- 
ceptus* The text was mainly taken from Erasmus (the 
editions of 1527 and 1535), with marginal readings from the 
Complutensian edition, and fifteen MSS. of the Paris libra- 
ry, two of them valuable (D and L), but least used. It 
was republished by F. H. Scrivener, 1859; new edition 
1877, with the variations of Beza (1565), Elzevir (1624), 
Lachmann, Teschendorf, and Tregelles. 

The edition of 1551, which was published at Geneva 
(where Eobert Stephens spent his last years as a professed 
Protestant), though chiefly a reprint of the Royal edition of 
1550 in inferior style, is remarkable for the versicular di- 
vision which here appears for the first time, and which 
Robert Stephens is said to have made on horseback on a 
journey from Paris to Lyons. The edition contains the 
Greek text in the middle of the page, with the Latin Vul- 
gate on the inner side, and the Erasmian version on the 
outer. The versicular division is injudicious, and breaks 

tion. Leander Van Ess published an editio Compluto-Eras- 
mica, Tub. 1827. See Reuss, p. 45. 

* Reuss (p. 53) : ' ' Est hcec ipsa editio ex qua derivator quern 
nostri textum receptum vulgo vocant, nomine rei minus bene ap- 
tato." 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lxxi 

up the text, sometimes in the middle of the sentence, into 
fragments, instead of presenting it in natural sections ; but 
it is convenient for reference, and has become indispensa- 
ble by long use. The English Revision judiciously com- 
bines both methods. 

(4.) Theodore de Beze (Beza, 1519-1605), Calvin's 
friend and successor in Geneva, who came into possession 
of some valuable old MSS. (Cod. Cantabr. and Claromont.), 
but made little use of them, published several folio editions 
of Stephens's Greek text (4th ed.), with some changes and 
a Latin translation of his own, Geneva, 1565, 1582, 1588 
(many copies dated 1589), 1598 (reprinted in Cambridge, 
1642).* 

Beza was a poor critic, but an eminent theologian and 
commentator, and enjoyed, with Calvin and Bullinger, the 
highest respect in England during the reigns of Elizabeth 
and James I. His editions were chiefly used for the Au- 
thorised English version of 1611, in connection with the 
last editions of Stephens.f 

* Beza called the edition of 1565 the second, but his first, 1557, 
was only his Latin version with annotations, for which he cared 
more than for the Greek text. Scrivener (Introd. 2d ed. p. 390) 
gives 1559 as the date of the first edition; but this is an error; 
see Reuss, Biblioth. p. 72 sq. Others speak of an edition of 1576 ; 
but this was edited by Henry Stephens. Besides the four folio 
editions noticed above, Beza published several octavo editions 
with his Latin version and short marginal notes (1565-67-80-90, 
1604). For a full description, see Masch's Le Long, Bibl. Sacra, 
pars i. pp. 307-316. 

f On the precise Greek text of the English version, see Dr. 
Abbot's researches in my Introduction to Lightfoot, Trench, and 
Ellicott on the Bevision of the New Testament, New York, 1873, 
pp. xxvii.-xxix. He shows that the English version agrees 



lxxii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

(5.) The brothers Bonaventure and Abraham Elzevir, 
enterprising publishers in Holland, issued, with the aid of 
unknown editors, several editions at Ley den, 1624, 1633, 
1641 ; originally taken (not from Stephens, but) from Beza's 
smaller edition of 1565, with a few changes from his later 
editions. Neatly printed, and of handy size, they were 
popular and authoritative for a long period. The preface 
to the second edition boldly proclaims : " Textum ergo habes, 
nunc ab omnibus receptum : in quo nihil immutatum aut 
corruptum damns" Hence the name Textus Receptus, or 
commonly received standard text, which became a part of 
orthodoxy on the Continent; while in England Stephens's 
edition of 1550 acquired this authority; but both agree 
substantially.* Erasmus is the first, Elzevir's editor the 
last author, so to say, of the Textus Receptus. All the 
Holland editions were scrupulously copied from the Elze- 
vir text, and Wetstein could not get authority to print his 
famous Greek Testament (1751-52) except on condition 
of following it.f 

with Beza (ed. 1589) against Stephens (ed. 1550) in about ninety 
places, with Stephens against Beza in about forty, and differs 
from both in thirty or forty places. Beza's Latin version, which 
was superior to the preceding ones, and his notes, had also con- 
siderable influence, which was misleading in many instances, 
but, on the whole, beneficial. See B. F. Westcott, History of the 
English Bible (Lond. 1868), p. 294. 

* Mill observed but twelve variations. Tischendorf (p.lxxxv. 
7th ed.) gives a list of 150 changes; Scrivener (p. 392) states the 
number at 287. These variations are as unimportant as the va- 
riations of the different editions of King James's English ver- 
sion, which number over 20,000. 

f For a history of the Elzevir family and a list of their publi- 
cations, see Les Elzevier. Histoire et Annates typographiques, par 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, lxxiii 

(6.) Brian Walton's Polyglot Bible, Lond. 1657, 6 torn. 
fol. The New Testament (torn, v.) gives the Greek text of 
Stephens, 1550, with the Latin Vulgate, the Peshito Syriac, 
the .^Ethiopic, and Arabic versions*. In the Gospels a Per- 
sic version is added. Each Oriental version has a collateral 
Latin translation. At the foot of the Greek text are given 
the readings of Cod. A. The sixth or supplementary vol- 
ume furnishes a critical apparatus gathered from sixteen 
authorities, by the care of the celebrated Archbishop TJs- 
sher (1580-1656), who had been appointed a member of 
the Westminster Assembly of Divines, but never attended. 
Walton (1600-1661) was a royalist, during the civil war, 
and chaplain to Charles L, and after the Restoration conse- 
crated bishop of Chester (1661). But the Polyglot was 
published under the patronage of Cromwell, who allowed 
the paper to be imported free of duty. This patronage 
was afterwards disowned ; hence there are two kinds of 



Alphonse Willems, Brux. et Paris, 1880, 2 vols. The titles of 
the first two editions (1624 and 1633) are as follows : 

'H Kaivri AiaSriKr). Novum Testamentvm, ex Begijs alijsque 
optimis editionibus cum curd expressum. Lvgdvni Batavorvm, 
ex Officina Elzeviriana. clo Io c xxrv. 12mo or 24mo. 

(" Cette edition du N. T. est reputee correcte, mais elle a ete effa- 
ces par celle de 1633. " Willems, i. 98.) 

'H Kaivrj AiaSrjicr]. Novum Testamentum. Ex Regiis aliisque 
optimis editionibus, hac nova expressum : cui quid accesserit, Prce- 
fatio docebit. Lvgd. Batavorvm, ex Officina Elzeviriorum. 
do Id c xxxiii. 12mo or 24mo. 

The second is the most beautiful and correct edition. One 
of the two editions dated 1641 (that printed by the Elzevirs for 
Whitaker of London) has notes of Robert Stephens, Joseph 
Scaliger, Isaac Casaubon, etc. Later editions were printed at 
Amsterdam. 



Ixxiv INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

copies — the one called " republican" (with compliments 
to Cromwell in the preface, but no dedication), the other 
" loyal" and dedicated to Charles II.* 

Walton's Polyglot is less magnificent than the Paris 
Polyglot (Paris, 1645, in 10 vols.), but more ample, com- 
modious, and critical. f 

* "Twelve copies were struck off on large paper. By Crom- 
well's permission the paper for this work was allowed to be im- 
ported free of duty, and honourable mention is made of him in 
the Preface. On the Restoration this courtesy was dishonour- 
ably withdrawn, and the usual Bible dedication sycophancy 
transferred to Charles II., at the expense of several cancels; 
and in this, the ' Loyal ' copy, so called in contradistinction to 
the 'Republican,' Cromwell is spoken of as 'Maximus ille 
Draco.' This is said to have been the first work printed by 
subscription in England " (The Bibles in the Caxton Exhibition, 
London, 1877, p. 119 sq.). Comp. H. J. Todd's Memoirs of the 
Life and Writings of Brian Walton, London, 1821, 2 vols. 

f Brian Walton was involved in a controversy with Dr. John 
Owen, the famous Puritan divine, who labored to defend, from 
purely dogmatic premises, without regard to stubborn facts, the 
scholastic theory that inspiration involved not only the religious 
doctrines, but "every tittle and iota," and that "the Scriptures 
of the 0. and N". Testaments were immediately and entirely given 
out by God himself, his mind being in them represented unto 
us without the least interveniency of such mediums and ways 
as were capable of giving change or alteration to the least iota or 
syllable." (Of the Integrity and Purity of the Hebrew Text of the 
Scriptures, with Considerations on the Prolegomena and Appendix 
to the late ( Biblia Polyglotta,' Oxford, 1659.) To this Walton re- 
plied, forcibly and conclusively, in The Considerator Considered, 
London, 1659. He maintained that the authority of the Script- 
ures, as a certain and sufficient rule of faith, does not depend 
upon any human authority or any human theory of inspiration, 
and that Owen's view was contrary to undeniable facts, and 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. lxxv 

(7.) John Mill's Novum Testamentum Gr cecum, Oxon. 
1707, fol.; often reprinted, especially in England. The 
fruit of thirty years' labour. A vastly increased critical 
apparatus.* The text is from Stephens, 1550. It had 
been preceded by the New Testament of Bishop John 
Fell, Oxford, 1675; an edition "more valuable for the 
impulse it gave to subsequent investigators than for the 
richness of its own stores of fresh materials " (Scrivener, 
p. 395). 

Bentley's proposed edition, 1720. Dr. Richard Bent- 
ley (1662-1742), whose rare classical scholarship and criti- 
cal discernment pre-eminently fitted him for the task, made 
extensive and expensive preparations for a new edition of 
the Greek and Latin Testament. He, unfortunately, failed 
to execute his design ; but he discovered the true principle 
which, a century afterwards, was executed by the critical 
genius of Lachmann. He proposed to go back from the 
Textus Receptus to the oldest text of the first five centuries, 
hoping that " by taking 2000 errors out of the Pope's Vul- 
gate and as many out of the Protestant Pope Stephens's," 
he could " set out an edition of each in columns, without 
using any book under 900 years old, that shall so exactly 
agree word for word, and order for order, that no two tal- 
lies, nor two indentures, can agree better." He issued his 
Projiosals for such an edition in 1720, with the last chap- 
contrary to the judgment of the Reformers and the chief Protes- 
tant divines and linguists from Luther and Calvin down to Gro- 
tius and Cappellus. " The truth needs not the patronage of an 
untruth." 

* See the list of Mill's MSS. in Scrivener, p. 398. Kuster's re- 
print of Mill, with additions, Amsterdam and Leipsic, also Rot- 
terdam, 1710, deserves to be mentioned. 



lxxvi INTRODUCTION 1 TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

ter of Revelation in 'Greet and Latin as a specimen. The 
scheme was frustrated by an angry controversy between 
him and Conyers Middleton, and other contentions in which 
he was involved, by his unruly temper, at Cambridge. . The 
money paid in advance (two thousand guineas) was return- 
ed to the subscribers by his nephew, whom he made his 
literary executor. All that is left is a mass of critical ma- 
terial in the library of Trinity College, Cambridge, includ- 
ing: the collation of the Codex Vaticanus, which was tran- 
scribed by Woide and edited by Ford in 1799. Bentley 
was too sanguine in his expectations, and too confident 
and hasty in his conclusions ; but his edition, as Tregelles 
says, " would have been a valuable contribution towards 
the establishment of a settled text : it would at least have 
shaten the foundations of the Textus Receptus ; and it 
might well have formed the basis of further labours." 

After Bentley's death active interest in Biblical criticism 
in England ceased for nearly a century, and the wort was 
carried on mainly by German scholars. 

(8.) J. A. Bengel (1687-1752), a most original, pro- 
found, pregnant, and devout commentator, author of the 
invaluable Gnomon, which is a marvel of multum in parvo, 
edited a Greet Testament at Tubingen, 1734 and 1755, 
and wrote several critical dissertations. He became a critic 
from conscientious scruples, but was confirmed in his faith 
by thorough research. He divided the textual witnesses 
into families; facilitated the method of comparing and 
weighing the readings ; suggested true principles of criti- 
cism ; and departed, in the Apocalypse (his favorite study), 
from the Textus Receptus. Most of his cautious changes 
have been approved. In the apparatus criticus he first 
set the example of recording the testimonies for and 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, lxxvii 

against the received reading, but he did it only in rare 
instances. "The peculiar importance of Bengel's New 
Testament is due to the critical principles developed there- 
in. Not only was his native acuteness of great service to 
him when weighing the conflicting probabilities of internal 
evidence, but in his fertile mind sprang up the germ of 
that theory of families or recensions which was afterwards 
expanded by J. S. Sender (1725-91), and grew to such for- 
midable dimensions in the skilful hands of Griesbach."* 

(9.) Jo. Jac. WETSTEiNf (1693-1754): Novum Testa- 
mentum Gr cecum Editionis Receptee cum Lectionibus, etc., 
Amstel. 1751-52, 2 torn. fol. The text is mainly from the 
Elzevir editions, with some readings from Fell's text. He 
made large additions to the apparatus, and carefully de- 
scribed the MSS. and other sources in the Prolegomena, 
i. 1-222 ; ii. 3-15, 449-454, 741-43. His magnificent 
edition contains also a learned commentary, with illustra- 
tions from Hebrew, Greek, and Latin authors. 

Wet-stein was far inferior to Bengel in judgment, but 
surpassed him in the extent of his resources. He was nei- 
ther a sound theologian nor a safe critic, but a most in- 
dustrious worker and collator. His New Testament repre- 

* Scrivener, p. 403. Comp. on Bengel the biographies of Burk 
(1831) and Wachter (1865), and an article in Herzog, ii. 295-301 
(new ed.). 

t His family name was Wettstein (see Hagenbach's art. in 
Herzog, vol. xviii. p. 74); but he signed himself in Latin Wet- 
stenius; and hence English, Dutch, and most German writers 
spell the name Wetstein. He was a native of Basle, and for 
some time assistant pastor of his father at St. Leonhard's ; but, 
being suspected of Arian and Socinian heresy, he was deposed 
and exiled from his native city (1730). He obtained a profess- 
orship at the Arminian College at Amsterdam (1733). 



Ixxviii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

sents the labour of forty years. He had a natural passion 
for the study of MSS. ; made extensive literary journeys ; 
collated about 102 MSS. (among them A, C, and D) with 
greater care than had been done before, and introduced 
the system of citing them by Latin letters and Arabic nu- 
merals. His Prolegomena are disfigured by the long and 
painful history of his controversy with his narrow ortho- 
dox opponents, Iselin and Frey ; he depreciated the merits 
of Bengel; but his New Testament is still valuable as a 
storehouse of parallel passages from the ancient classics. 

During the next twenty years little was done for textual 
criticism. Johann Salomo Semler, the father of German 
rationalism (1725-91), but, in what he called " Privat-From- 
migkeit" (personal piety), a pietist and an earnest oppo- 
nent of deism, re-edited Wetstein's Prolegomena with val- 
uable suggestions (Halle, 1764), and stimulated the zeal of 
his great pupil Griesbach. 

2. Second Period : Transition from the Textus Re- 

CEPTUS TO THE UNCIAL TeXT. FROM GrIESBACH TO 

Lachmann — A.I). 1770-1830. 

This period shows enlarged comparison of the three 
sources of the text, the discovery of critical canons, a 
gradual improvement of the Textus Beceptus, and approach 
to an older and better text ; but the former w T as still re- 
tained as a basis on a prescriptive right. 

(10.) The period is introduced by the honoured name of 
Johann Jacob Griesbach (1745-1812), professor of di- 
vinity at Halle and then at Jena. He made the study of 
textual criticism of the Greek Testament his life-work, and 
combined all the necessary qualifications of accurate learn- 
ing, patient industry, and sound judgment. His editions 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, lxxix 

from 1775 to 1806 mark the beginning of a really critical 
text, based upon fixed rules. Among these are, that a read- 
ing must be supported by ancient testimony ; that the short- 
er reading is preferable to the longer, the more difficult to 
the easy, the unusual to the usual. He sifted Wetstein's 
apparatus with scrupulous care ; enlarged it by collecting 
the citations of Origen, and utilizing the Old Latin texts, 
published by Bianchini and Sabatier ; improved and devel- 
oped Bengel's system of recensions, classifying the author- 
ities under three heads — the Western (D, Latin versions, 
fathers), the Alexandrian (B, C, L, etc., a recension of the 
corrupt Western text), and the Constantinopolitan (A, flow- 
ing from both) ; but recognised also mixed and transitional 
texts, decided for the readings of the largest relative ex- 
tent, but departed from the Elzevir text only for clear and 
urgent reasons. His critical canons are well - considered 
and sound ; but he w T as too much fettered by his recension 
theory, which was ably criticised and modified by Hug, a 
Roman Catholic scholar (1765-1846). 

Principal editions, Halle and London, 1775-77, 1796- 
1806, 2 torn. 8vo; reprinted, London, 1809 and 1818 (a 
very fine edition) ; an improved third edition of the Gos- 
pels by David Schulz, 1827, with Prolegomena and an en- 
larged apparatus. Griesbach's text is the basis of many 
manual editions by Schott, Knapp, Tittmann, Hahn, Theile, 
and of several English and American editions. 

While Griesbach was engaged in his work, several 
scholars made valuable additions to the critical appa- 
ratus, the results of which he incorporated in his last edi- 
tion. 

C. F. Matthaei (professor at Wittenberg, then at Mos- 
cow; d. 1811), Griesbach's opponent, ridiculed the system 

F 



ixxx INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

of recensions, despised the most ancient authorities, and 
furnished a text from about a hundred Moscow MSS., all of 
Con stan tinopolitan origin, to which he attributed too great 
a value. The result by no means justified his pretensions 
and passionate attacks upon others. His Novum Test 
Greece et Lett, was published at Riga, 1782-88, 12 vols. 8vo ; 
an edition with the Greek text only, in 3 vols. (1803-7). 

The Danish professors Birch, Adler, and Molden- 
hawer collected, at the expense of the King of Denmark, 
a large and valuable amount of new critical material in 
Italy and Spain, including the readings of the Vatican 
MS., published by Birch, 1788-1801. During the same 
period Codd. A, D, and other important MSS. were pub- 
lished. 

F. C. Alter, in his Greek Test., Vienna, 1786-87, 8vo, 
gave the readings of twenty-two Vienna MSS., and also of 
four MSS. of the Slavonic version. 

The new discoveries of these scholars went far to con- 
firm Griesbach's critical judgment. 

(11.) J. M. A. Scholz (a pupil of Hug, and Roman Cath- 
olic professor in Bonn; d. 1852): Novum Testamentum 
Greece, etc., 1830-36, 2 vols. 4to; the text reprinted by 
Bagster, London, with the English version. 

Scholz was a poor critic, but an extensive collator. He 
examined many new MSS. in different countries, though 
not very accurately, and gave the preference to the Byzan- 
tine family, as distinct from the Alexandrian. He fre- 
quently departed from the received text, yet, upon the 
whole, preserved it in preference to that of the Vulgate 
(which is remarkable for a Roman Catholic). His edition 
has found greater favour in England than in Germany. It 
marks no advance upon Griesbach. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. Ixxxi 

3. Third Period : The Restoration of the Primitive 

Text. From Lachmann and Tischendorf to West- 

cott and Hort— A.D. 1830-81. 

(12.) Carl Lachmann (professor of classical philology 
in Berlin; d. 1851): Novum Testamentum Greece et La- 
tine, Berol. 1842-50, 2 vols. Comp. his art. in the Studien 
und Kritiken, 1830, No. 4, pp. 817-845. Lachmann had 
previously published a small edition in 1831, with various 
readings at the end. In the larger edition he was aided 
by the younger Philip Buttmann, who added the appara- 
tus of the Greek text, and published also another small 
edition based on the Vatican MS., 1856, 1862, and 1865. 

Lachmann was not a professional theologian, and not 
hampered by traditional prejudice. His object was to re- 
store the oldest accessible text, i. e. the text of the fourth 
or fifth century, as found in the oldest sources then known 
(especially Codd. A, B, C, Itala, Vulgate, ante-Nicene fa- 
thers) ; yet not as a final text, but simply as a sure histor- 
ical basis for further operations of internal criticism. He 
gives, with diplomatic accuracy, even palpable writing er- 
rors if sufficiently attested ; not as proceeding from the 
original writers, but as parts of the textus traditus of the 
fourth century. His range of authorities was limited ; Cod. 
Sinaiticus had not yet been discovered, and Codd. B and C 
not critically edited. But to him belongs the credit of 
having broken a new path, and established, with the genius 
and experience of a master critic, the true basis. He car- 
ried out the hint of Bentley and Bengel, and had the bold- 
ness to destroy the tyranny of the Textus Receptus, and to 
substitute for it the uncial text of the Nicene age. 

Lachmann met with much opposition from the profession- 



lxxxii INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

al theologians, even from such a liberal critic as De Wette, 
who thought that he had wasted his time and strength. 
Such is the power of habit and prejudice that every inch 
of ground in the march of progress is disputed, and must 
be fairly conquered. But his principles are now pretty 
generally acknowledged as correct.* 

(13.) Constantin von Teschendorf (professor of the- 
clogy at Leipsic; b. 1815, d. 1874) : Novum Testamenium 
Greece, etc., eel. octava critica maior, Lips. ; issued at in- 
tervals, in eleven parts, from 1864 to 1872, 2 vols., with a 
full critical apparatus. 

Prof. Teschendorf is by far the most industrious, en- 
terprising, and successful textual critic of the nineteenth 
century. He visited the principal libraries of Europe in 
search of documents ; made four journeys to England, and 
three to the Orient ; discovered, collated, copied, and edited 
many most important MSS. ; and published, between 1841 
and 1873, no less than twenty -four editions of the Greek 
Testament (including the reissues of his stereotyped eelitio 
acaelemica). Four of these — issued 1841, 1849, 1859, and 
1872 — mark a progress in the acquisition of new material. 
The catalogue of his publications, most of them relating to 
Biblical criticism, covers more than ten octavo pages. In 
1873 he hoped to attend the General Conference of the 
Evangelical Alliance in New York, and to read a paper on 
the influence of the Apocryphal Gospels on the formation 
of the Roman Catholic theory and worship of the Virgin 

* Tregelles (p. 99): "Lachmann led the way in casting aside 
the so-called Textus Beceptus, and boldly placing the New Tes- 
tament wholly and entirely on the basis of actual authority." 
Reuss calls him (Blblioth. p. 239) l( mr eloctissimus et Kjomrcwraroc;." 
Scrivener (p. 422 sqq.) depreciates his merits. 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, lxxxiii 

Mary. I had transmitted to him, in the name of the Amer- 
ican branch, two free tickets for himself and his son, and 
provided comfortable- lodgings, when a fatal stroke of apo- 
plexy suddenly arrested his earthly labours, May 5, 1873, 
although he lingered till Dec. 7, 1874.* 

Teschendorf started from the basis of Lachmann, but 
with a less rigorous application of his principle, and with a 
much larger number of authorities. He intended to give 
not only the oldest, but also the best, text, with the aid of 
all authorities. His judgment was influenced by subjec- 
tive considerations and a very impulsive temper; hence 
frequent changes in his many editions, which he honest- 
ly confessed, quoting Teschendorf versus Tischendorf, but 
they mark the progress in the range of his resources and 
knowledge. In his last and best edition he returns again 
to the uncial authorities, after a temporary departure to 
later documents, and gives full credit to his own greatest 
discovery, the MS. from the Mount of Legislation. 

* See J. E. Volbeding, Oonstantin Tischendorf in seiner 25-jdh- 
rigen schriftstellerischen WirksamTceit, Leips. 1862; Dr. Abbot's 
article on Tischendorf in the Unitarian Bevieio for March, 1875; 
Dr. Gregory's article in the Bibliotheca Sacra for January, 1876 ; 
and for his moral and religious character, the addresses of his 
pastor, Dr. Ahlfeld, and his colleagues Drs. Kahnis and Lu- 
thardt, Am Sarge Tischendorf s, w T ith a list of his writings, Leips. 
1874. These addresses bring into prominence his noble quali- 
ties, which were somewhat concealed to the superficial observer 
by a skin disease — his personal vanity and overfondness for his 
many and well-earned titles and twenty or more decorations 
from sovereigns which were displayed in his parlor. He took 
a prominent part in the united deputations of the Evangelical 
Alliance to the Czar and Prince GortschakofT, at Friedrichs- 
hafen, in behalf of the persecuted Lutherans in the Baltic prov- 
inces, in 1871, at the risk of his popularity at the Russian court. 



lxxxiv INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

The Latin Prolegomena to this edition have been pre- 
pared, since 1876, by an American scholar, Dr. Caspar Rene 
Gregory, residing at Leipsic, with the efficient aid of Dr. 
Ezra Abbot, of Cambridge, Mass., and will soon be pub- 
lished. Thus America is permitted to take an important 
part in this great work of restoring the purest text of the 
book of books by completing the noblest monument of 
German scholarship in the line of textual criticism.* 

(14.) Sam. Prideaux Tregelles (1813-1875): The 
Greek New Testament, edited from ancient authorities, tuith 
the Latin Version of Jerome from the Codex Amiatinus, 
London ; issued in parts from 1857 to 1879, 4to. He had 
previously edited The Booh of Revelation in Greek, 1844. 

Dr. Tregelles devoted his whole life to this useful and 
herculean task, with a reverent and devout spirit similar to 
that of Bengel.f He visited many libraries in Europe, col- 

* See an article by Dr. Abbot in the Harvard Begister, Cam- 
bridge, Mass., 1881, pp. 322, 323. We learn from this that the 
Prolegomena will give the fullest description of the critical ma- 
terial and a key to the multitudinous abbreviations of Tischen- 
dorf 's apparatus, w T hich to ordinary readers are about as intel- 
ligible as a hieroglyphic alphabet. The ' ' Addenda et Emen- 
danda " will contain a formidable list of errors in the text and 
apparatus which scholars have detected, and additional refer- 
ences to new sources. I regret that I could not avail myself of 
these Prolegomena, but I had the benefit of Dr. Abbot's valu- 
able suggestions and aid in reading the proof of this Introduc- 
tion, which I was obliged to prepare within a few w T eeks. 

f Dr. T. was of Quaker descent, and associated for a time with 
the "Plymouth Brethren." He edited The Englishman's Greek 
Concordance to tlie JS~. T. (1839), The Englishman's Hebrew and 
Chaldee Concordance of tlie 0. T. (1843, 2 vols.), a translation of 
Gesenias's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon (1847), and other useful 
books. He was very poor, but in his later years he received a 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, lxxxv 

lated the most important uncial and cursive MSS., and pub- 
lished the palimpsest Codex Zacynthius (on Luke). He 
was far behind Teschendorf in the extent of his resources, 
but more scrupulously accurate in the use of them."* He 
followed Lachmann's principle. He left behind him a 
monumental work of painstaking, conscientious, and de- 
vout scholarship. But it needs to be corrected and sup- 
plemented from the Codex Sinaiticus, and the critical edi- 
tion of the Codex Vaticanus, which he was not permitted 
to inspect in Rome by the jealous authorities. Like Tesch- 
endorf, he was prevented from completing his work, and 
was struck down by paralysis while engaged in conclud- 
ing the last chapters of Revelation (in 1870). He never 
recovered, and could not take part in the labours of the 
English Revision Committee, of which he was appointed 
a member. The Prolegomena w T ere compiled and edited 
four years after his death by Dr. Hort and Rev. A. W. 
Streane, 1879. 

(15.) Westcott and Hort : The New Testament in the 
Original Greek, Cambridge and London, Macmillan & Co. ; 
New York, Harper & Brothers, 1881. 

Of this, the last and the best critical edition of the Greek 
Testament, which was begun in 1853 and completed in 
1881, we have said enough in the beginning of this Intro- 
duction. 

Simultaneously with this edition there appeared two 
other editions of the Greek Testament, which make no 

pension of £200 from the civil list. His belief in verbal inspira- 
tion made him, like Bengel, a verbal critic. 

* Dr. Scrivener remarks (p. 431): "Where Tischendorf and 
Tregelles differ" (in collation), "the latter is seldom in the 
wrong." 



lxxxvi INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION. 

claim to be independent critical recensions of the text, but 
have a special interest and value in connection with the 
Westminster or Anglo-American Revision, and supplement 
each other. They were carefully prepared by two mem- 
bers of the New Testament Company of Revisers, but it is 
distinctly stated that "the Revisers are not responsible" 
for the publication. They were undertaken by the English 
University Presses. 

Dr. Scrivener, in his edition published by the Univer- 
sity Press of Cambridge, gives The New Testament in the 
Original Greek, according to the Text followed in the Au- 
thorised Version (i. e. the Textus Receptus of Beza's edition 
of 1598), together with the Variations adopted in the Re- 
vised Version. He puts the new readings at the foot of 
!the page, and prints the displaced readings of the text in 
heavier type. 

Dr. Palmer, archdeacon of Oxford, in The Greek Testa- 
ment, with the Readings adopted by the Revisers of the Au- 
thorised Version, published by the Clarendon Press, Ox- 
ford, 1881, pursues the opposite method: he presents the 
Greek text followed by the Revisers, and puts the discarded 
readings of the Textus Receptus and of the version of 1611 
in foot-notes. The Revisers state, in the Preface from the 
Jerusalem Chamber (p. xiii., royal-octavo ed.), that they did 
not esteem it within their province " to construct a contin- 
uous and complete Greek text. In many cases the English 
rendering was considered to represent correctly either of 
two competing readings in the Greek, and then the ques- 
tion of the text was usually not raised." Dr. Palmer, with 
the aid of lists of readings prepared by the Revisers in 
the progress of their work, has constructed a continuous 
text, taking for the basis the third edition of Stephens 



INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN EDITION, lxxxvii 

(1550), and following it closely in all cases in which the 
Revisers did not express a preference for other readings; 
even the orthography, the spelling of proper names, and 
the typographical peculiarities or errors of Stephens are, 
with a few exceptions, retained. The chapters are marked 
as in Stephens's edition of 1550, the distribution into 
verses accords with that in the Authorised Version, and 
the division into paragraphs is conformed to the English 
Revision of 1881. 

The year 1881 is fruitful above any other in editions of 
the New Testament in Greek and the Revised English Ver- 
sion ; and the demand for the latter in Great Britain and 
the United States is beyond all precedent in the history of 
literature. We may well call it the year of the republi- 
cation of the Gospel. The immense stimulus thus given 
to a careful and comparative study of the words of Christ 
and his apostles must bear rich fruit. The first printed 
edition of the Greek Testament in 1516 w T as followed by 
the great Reformation of 1517. May the numerous edi- 
tions of 1881 lead to a deeper understanding and wider 
spread of the Christianity of Christ ! 

New York, August 1, 1881. 



INDEX TO NOTATION. 

The notation adopted in this work is used to draw attention 
to three classes of passages : 

(1.) Passages where it has been found impossible to decide 
which of two or more various readings is certainly right. 

(2.) Passages containing readings in regard to which some 
suspicion is entertained by the editors. 

(3.) Passages where interpolations of special interest occur in 
certain documents. 

In connection with all passages of the first class, alternative 
readings are given, which have a reasonable probability of be- 
ing genuine. Of these alternative readings, those which on the 
whole are the more probable, or the better attested, are printed 
in the text as the primary readings ; the secondary readings 
being distinguished by a notation which varies according as 
they differ from the primary readings by omission, addition, or 
substitution. 

MARKS IN THE TEXT. 

[ ] These marks indicate that the word or words enclosed in 
them are omitted in secondary readings. Thus, in Matt. 
vii. 24 (p. 17), tovq Xoyovg tovtovq is the primary read- 
ing, tovq \6yovg, without tovtovq, the secondary read- 
ing. 

f (1.) Without any accompanying mark in tlie margin. This 
mark indicates the place where secondary readings add 
the word or words printed in the margin opposite the 
primary reading. Thus, in Matt. xxiiL 38 (p. 56), 6 oIkoq 
vfiutv is the primary reading, 6 oZkoq vfiwv iprj/xog the sec- 
ondary reading. 
(2.) Accompanied by the marks -\ (- in the margin, it indicates 
that certain ' Western' documents contain, in places thus 
distinguished, interpolations embracing some apparent- 
ly fresh or distinctive matter, but having no sufficient 






: 



II 



IXDEX TO XOTATIOX. Lxxxix 

intrinsic claim to any form of incorporation with the 
New Testament ; such interpolations being printed oppo- 
site to it in the margin between the special marks H h 
See Matt. xx. 16 (p. 47), where some ' Western ' docu- 
ments interpolate, after Zgxcltoi, the clause ttoXXoI yap 
daiv icXtjtol oXiyoi dk IkXektoi. 
r ~ l These marks enclose portions of the text to which the con- 
tents of the opposite margin refer. They are used in 
the following cases : 

(1.) Without any accompanying mark in the margin, to in- 
dicate words and passages for which secondary readings 
are printed opposite in the margin. Thus, in Matt. xvi. 
20 (p. 39), iweTifJinvev is the primary reading, SbEcrrdXciTo 
the secondary reading. 

(2.) Accompanied by ( Ap. f ' in the margin, to indicate por- 
tions of the text which, in the judgement of the editors, 
probably contain some "primitive" error, that is, an 
error affecting the text of all existing documents, and 
thus incapable of being rectified without the aid of con- 
jecture; such places being the subject of notes in the 
Appendix. See Matt. xv. 30 (p* 37), xuikovg, kvXXovi;, 

TV(pX0VQ, K(0(j)QVQ. 

(3.) Accompanied by the marginal marks H h, to indicate por- 
tions of the text for which ' Western ' documents substi- 
tute the word or words printed opposite in the margin 
between the special marks -\ h ; such substitutions being 
similar in character to the ' Western ' interpolations al- 
ready mentioned. Thus, in Matt. viii. 12 (p. 18), some 
' Western ' documents substitute k^eXevaovrai for U/3X?j- 
9t](tovtcu of the text, 
f f These marks indicate that the word or words enclosed 
within them are apparently right, and are attested large- 
ly, though not by the best documents ; the better attest- 
ed readings being printed in the margin with 'Ap. ' and 
noticed in the Appendix. Thus, in Heb. vii. 1 (p. 469), 
o is apparently right, dg the better attested reading. 
| These marks enclose (a) a few very early interpolations 
in the Gospels, omitted by ' Western ' documents alone, 
as in Luke xxii. 19, 20 (p. 177), or by 'Western' and 
' Syrian ' documents alone, as in Matt, xxvii, 49 (pp. 68, 
69); (b) a few interpolations in the Gospels, probably 



xc INDEX TO NOTATION. 

'Western' in origin, containing important matter ap- 
parently derived from extraneous sources, as in Matt, 
xvi. 2, 3 (p. 38). 

MARKS IN THE MARGIN. 

[ ] Used in the margin with the same significance as in the 
text (see above), to distinguish two or more marginal 
readings which differ from each other merely by the 
omission or addition of words. Thus two alternative 
readings are indicated in the margin at Matt. viii. 18 
(p. 19), one being 7roWovg ox^ovg, the other 6x\ovg with- 
v. out ttoWovq. In other cases, two or more marginal read- 
ings are separated by v. See marg. Matt. xiii. 30 (p. 32). 

Ap. (1.) When attached to marginal readings or punctuations, 
this indicates that such readings or punctuations are ex- 
amined in the Appendix. 

" (2.) Accompanied by ff in the text. See f f above. 

" (3.) Standing alone, toithout any corresponding mark in the 
text, it indicates places where occur miscellaneous re- 
jected readings which, having some special interest, are 
noticed in the Appendix. See Matt. xvii. 20 (p. 41). 
Ap.\ Accompanied by r 1 in the text. See r 1 (2.) above. 

H h Accompanied by ^ or r ^ in the text. See "*" (2.) and r "* 
(3.) above. 
* This mark indicates that the marginal note, being too 
long to be conveniently inserted in the usual place, has 
been printed at the foot of the page, where it is distin- 
t guished by a corresponding *. When two notes of this 
kind occur on one page, the second is indicated by J. 
See Acts xviii. 21 and 27 (p. 290). 

TYPE AND ARRANGEMENT. 

Uncial type is employed for quotations from the Old Testa- 
ment, including phrases borrowed from some one place or a 
number of places. 

Metrical arrangement is chosen for poetical and rhythmical 
passages. 

Short spaces indicate sub-paragraphs. 

The orthography is taken from the best MSS. 



EYArTEAION 



KATA MA00AION 

KATA MAPKON 

KATA AOYKAN 

KATA IQANHN 



KATA MA00AION 



i BIBA02 yej/e'crecos 'Irjcrov Xpiorou vlov AaveiS vlov 'A/?paaju.. 

2 Aj3pao.fi iyivvrjcrev tov 'icractK, 
Icraa/c Se iyivvrjcrev tov Ia/cu/?, 

'IaKw/3 Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'lovSav koll tovs abe\cj>ovs olvtov, 

3 'louSa? Se iyivvrjcrev tov <£apes /cat roV Zapa ck Trjs ©a/xap ; 
<£apes Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'Ecrpw/x, 

'Ecrpco/x Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'Apati, 

4 'Apa/x Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'A/uraSa/?, 
'A/xtvaSa/3 Se iyivvrjcrev tov Naacrow, 
Naao"(jojr Se iyivvrjcrev tov ^aXjAutv, 

5 ^olXjjluv Se iyivvrjcrev tov Boes €K t^5 'Pa^a/3, 
Boes Se iyivvrjcrev rov 'I(o/3t}S e/< r^s e Pov#, 

IwfirjS Se iyivvrjcrev rov 'Iecro-ai, 

6 Ieoro-ai Se iyivvrjcrev tov AauelS tov [SacnXia. 

AaveiS Se iyivvrjcrev tov %oXojxiova €K ttJs tov Ovptov, 

7 2oXop,aji/ Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'Po/3oa/x, 

Fofioafji Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'A/?ia, 
A/3ia Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'Acra<£, 
Acracj) Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'I(ocra<£aT, 

8 lu)cracf)aT Se iyivvrjcrev tov 'Iwpa/x. 

Icopa/x Se iyivvrjcrev tov '0£eiW ? ^4/. 



4 KATA MA00AION I 

'0£etas Se Zyivvrjcrcv tov Ia)a#d/x, 9 

3 Ia>a#a/x Se Zyivvrjcrev tov "A^as, 
'A^as Se Zyivvrjcrev tov e E£e/aW, 

e E£e/aas Se Zyivvrjcrev tov Wavacrarj, id 

Mai/aorcnjs Se Zyivvrjcrev tov 'A/xws, 
'A/xcds Se Zyivvrjcrev tov Iwcreiav, 
^4/. 'Iwcretas Se Zyivvrjcrev tov *leypviav koX tovs dSeX<£cug it 

carrel e7rl ttJs jxeTOLKeatas Ba/?iAaVo9. 

Merd Se r^v jxeTOtKecriav Ba/3iAaVos 'Ie^o^tas Zyivvrjcrev 12 

roV ^aXaOurjX, 
'ZaXa6tr]X Se Zyivvrjcrev tov Zopo/3d/3eX, 
Zopo/3d/3eX Se Zyivvrjcrev tov 'A/3lov8, 13 

\A/?ioi>8 Se Zyivvrjcrev tov EXia/cei/x, 
*EXia.KeijU, Se Zyivvrjcrev tov 'A£a>p, 

'A£wp 8 e Zyivvrjcrev tov SaSw/c, 14 

2a8co/c Se Zyivvrjcrev tov 'A^ct//, 
'A^ei//, Se Zyivvrjcrev tov 'EXiouS, 

EXiouS Se Zyivvrjcrev tov 'EXed£ap, 15 

'EXed£ap Se Zyivvrjcrev tov M.a68dv, 
M.a69dv Se Zyivvrjcrev tov IaK(x>/3, 

'laKcu/3 Se Zyivvrjcrev tov 'Iaxr?7<£ toi/ avSpa Mapia?, e£ 16 
97s ZyevvrjOrj 'Irjcrovs 6 XeyojJLevos Xptcrros. 

Hcurai ow at yeyeai a7ro A/3paajJL ews AavelS yereai 17 
SeKarecrcrape?, /ecu, a7ro AauelS ews 717s jxeToiKecrias ~Ba/3v- 
Xcovos yeveai SeKarecrcrapeg, Kat ct7ro r/Js /xeroiKecrias Ba- 
/?vX(5vos ecos rov )(piCTTOv yevecu SeKarecrcrape?. 



Ill KATA MA09AION 



18 TOY AE r [IH20Y] XPISTOY" 77 yiv&rvs ovtcds yv. Mvrj- xpt™0 'i W ov 
(Trcv9ei(T7]% rrjs jArjTpos avTOv Map tag tw 'Iwo"7y<^), irplv f] 
avveXOetv avrovq evpidr] iv yacrrpl e^ovaa e/c Tn/eu'/xaro? 

19 aytov. *I(o<Trj<j> Sc d av?}p avr^s, St'/catos wv /cat /xt) #c- 
Xan/ avrrjv SeLyjJLOLTLO-ai, ifiovXyjOrj XdOpa diroXvo-ai avT7]V. 

20 Tavra Se aurou iv6vjJLrj8£vTOS tSoi) ayyeXos "Kvptov kolt ovap 
i<f>avr] avTU) Xeycov 'Ia)0"7yc/> utds Aauct'8, /at; <f>oj3r}6fj<; irapa- 

Xa/Seiv r Maptav~ I rrjv ywat/ca o~ov, to yap iv avrrj ytvvrj- Mapia/A 

21 6ev €K TrvevjuLaTOS £o~tlv dyiov TC^CTat Se vlov koX /caXc- 
crcts to ovofia avrov 'Irjo-ovv, auros yap crcoo-ct rov Xaov 

22 auToO aVd Ta>v a/xaprtwv avrwv. Touto 8c oXop ycyo- 
vci/ tva TrXrjp(x)6r] ro p r rj6ev V7rd YLvpiov Sta tou irpo^rjrov 
Xiyovros 

23 'Iaoy h HAp0eNOC eN r^CTpi elei kai Te^eTAi yio.M, 
KAi K^AecoyciN to onoaaa <xyTof 'EmmanoyhA* 

24 o eo"Ttv /JL€0€piJir]V€v6jJL€VOV Metf HMOON 6 Oedc. Eyep#ct? 
Se [d] 'Ia)o-^c/> aVd tov UTrroi; iiroirjo-ev <os 7rpocrcrafci/ aura) 
o ayyeXos K.vpiov Kal rrapiXafiev rrjv ywat/<a avrov ■ 

25 /cat ou/c €ytVa>cr/cev aur?;i/ ea)? [ou] ctc/cci/ vioV /cat c/caXccrei' ^. 
to ovofxa avrov Irjaovv. 

1 Tov 8c 'I^croi; yevvrjOevTOS iv Bt^Xcc/x tt/s 'IovSatas 
cV 7]fJL€paLs HpwSou to{) /SacrtXeaJS, tSov /xayot a7ro ava- 

2 toXwi/ irapeyivovro cts 'lcpocrdAi;/xa Xcyorres IIou ccrrtj/ 
d Tenets /3acnX€vs r<2v 'IovSatW ; ctSo/xcv yap a^Tou toi/ 
ao"Tepa cV T77 avaroXrj Kal TjXOofxev irpco~KVvrjo~ai aura). 

3 Afcovcras 8c d /2ao-tXci)s 'HpwS^s irapd^Orj Kai Trdaa 

4 lepoo-oXvfxa per avrov, /cat owayayoov 7ravra5 tous ap^t- 
epets Kat ypa/x/xaTets tot; Xaou iirvvQav^ro Trap avrunr 

1 



6 KATA MAG0AION II 

ttov 6 ^ptcrros ycvvarai. ot Se €t7rav avTio Ev B^Aeep, 5 
tPjs 'IovSaias* oi!to)5 yap yiypairraL Sta tov 7rpo<f>rJTOV 

Kai cy, BuGAeeM pn 'loyAA, 6 

OyAAMOOC eAAXICTH 6? €N TO?C HTeMOCIN 'loyA<V 

eK cof r*p eleAeyceTAi HroyMeNOC, 

OCTIC TTOIMANG? TON Aaon moy ton Mcp^HA. 
Tore 'HpwS^s XdOpa /caAccras rous fxdyovs TjKpifidicrev ira- 7 
p clvt&v tov \povov tov <patvojxivov aoT€po5, koll 7T€//H^as 8 
avrovs ei5 B^Acep, eT-irev Hopev0€VT€S c^eracraTe aKpt- 
/3o)5 7T€pl rov 7rat8toir eVaV 8e €vpr]T€ aVayyctAaTe /xoc, 
O7ro)5 Kayo) lX9wv 7rpoo~KvvT]cru) aww, ot Se aKovcravTes 9 
tov /3ao"tAeo)5 l7rop€v6r](Tav, koll iSov 6 dcrTrjp bv elSov iv 
rrj avaroXfj irporjyev avrovs, €0)5 iXOojv icrraOrj cVavo) ov 
7]v to TraiStov. ISovres Se tov acrrcpa i^dprjaav ^apav p,c- 10 
yaXrjv o~<£d8pa. koll iXOovTts els Trjv olklolv eTSov to 7ratSt- « 
ov /xeTa Mapias t^s fxrjTpos clvtov, Kat 7T€owt€5 Trpoo~eKvvq- 
Ap. crav avTijo, Kai dvoi£avTe<z tovs Orjaavpovs avT&v Trpoo-rjvey- 

kolv glvt<2 Siopa, ^pvcrov Kat Xtj3avov ko1 ajAvpvav, Kat XP 7 ]' 12 
fJLCLTLcr6£vTe<; kolt ovap pur} dvaKajjaj/at 7rpo5 'HpwS^v St' aA- 
Xrjs 6Sov dvex<*>pr]o~av els Trjv ^copai/ clvtwv. Kva- 13 

Kar ovap ZQdvri x ixi P 7 ] cr( ^ VT0iV ^ glvtojv ISov dyyeXos "Kvptov r <^atVcTat /ca- 
r cvap 7(3 luio-rjcfi Xeywv Ey€p0€i5 7rapdXa(3e to 7ratSt'ov 
/cat t^i/ fjirjTepa olvtov kcli tfcevye els AlyviTTOv, kclI l<t6l 
e/cet €0)5 ctv ct7ra) cror /xeAAet yap 'HpwS^s tflTtiv to 7rat- 
Otov tou a7roAecrat avVo. o 8e iyepOels 7rapiXaj3e to 14 
Tratotov Kat tt^i/ fxrjTepa auroi; FfKro? Kat avc^cop7yo"cv ets 

AtyU7TTOI/, Kat ^V €K€t €0)5 T^5 TcAcVT^S 'HpwSoV U'a TrA^- 15 
ptiiBfj TO pTjOeV VTTO KvpLOV StCl TOV 7TpOCJ>7]TOV XiyOVTOS 

3 El AirynToy eKAAec<\ ton yion Moy. Tore 16 

Hpo)8^5 tSojj/ OTt €V€7raLx6r) V7r6 twv /xayo)i/ iOvpLwOr) Xiav, 
/cat a7rocrTetAa5 avetAev 7rdVra5 T0O5 7rat8a5 tovs iv 1Byj6- 
Aeep, /cat €V 7racrt Tot5 optots avTrjs a7ro 8t€To{;5 Kat Karo)- 
Tepo), KaTa tov yj}° vov uy r ] K P^ w(jr€V ^apd twv p.dyu>v. Totc 17 



II in RATA MA09AION 7 

i7rXrjp(o6rj to prjOlv Sid 'lepefitov tov 7rpocf>r]TOV Acyorros 

18 4>CONH 6N 'PaMA HKOYC0H, 

kAayOmoc kai oAypMoc noAyc* 

TAXHA KAAl'oyCA TA T6KNA AyTHC, 

KAI OYK H0GA6N TTApAKAH0HNAI OTI OyK 6ICIN. 

19 TeXcvTtfcravTos Se tov 'Jlp&Sov iSov ayyeAos Kvpiov <£ai- 

20 verat kolt ovap tw 'Ia)cr>7<£ cV Aiyu7nra> Acycov Eyep#cis 
7rapdXa/3e to 7ratSiov /<ai rryv firjrepa avTOv /ecu iropvu- 
ov ct? y?Jv 'Io-pa^A, TedvrjKaaiv yap ol ZpfjTovvTCS tyjv 

21 \\/vyrjv tov iraihiov. 6 8c iyepOels TrapiXajBe to 7raiSiW 

22 Kac t^v fJLYjTepa avrov kcu elcrrjXOev cts yrjv IcrparjX. clkov- 
eras Sc ore 'Apx*Xao<; /JacriAeuec t^9 'louSaias avTt tou 
TraTpos avrov 'HpwSov l^ofirjOr] c/ccc a7reA0cti/* xprjfxaTL- 
o-^ets 8 e Kar ovap av€\<ipy]cr€V cts Ta /xcp'ty T^s TaAtAata?, 

23 /cat iXOwv KariOKYjo-ev cts 7rdAu> X^yofxivrjv Na£apeV, oVoos 
7rXr)p(i)6fj to prj0€V r Sid twv 7rpo<j>r]7wv on Na£copaios kAt;- 
Orja-erai. * 



1 EN AE TAIS HMEPAIS ckciWis TrapayiWai 'IwaV^s 

2 d ^Sa7TTto-T7/s KYjpvo-o-aiV iv tv) €pY]fx<^ ttj<s 'IorSaias Acyaw 

3 McTavociTC, r)yyiKCV yap rj /Jao-iAcid tcV ovpaiw. Ovtos 
yap corn/ d prjOels Sid Ho-aiov toi; 7rpo(f>rjTov AcyovTOS 

4>CjONH BOOONTOC €N TH IpHAACO 
'ETOIMACATe THN OAON KypiOy, 

eyGeiAc noieiTe tac TpiBoyc AyTof. 

4 Autos Se d 'lwdvrjs ci^ci/ to cVSu/za auTou aVd Tpi^cav 
KafirjXov Kal £<jivrjv SepfJLaTtvrjv 7repi t^v 6crcf>vv avrov, 

5 "7 8e Tpo<f>r) rjv aurou aKpi'Ses kol /xe\i dyptov. To'tc 



8 



KATA MAGGAION 



III IV 



i£eirop€vtTO 7rpds avrov I^pcaoXvfia koll Trdcra yj lov- 
8ata koX 7racra rj Trept^wpos tov lopSavov, koll e/3a7rrt- 6 
£,qvto iv ra> 'lopSdvrj 7TOTa/xa> t>7r avroO i£op.oXoyovpxvoi 
ras a/xaprtas airrcov. iSwv 8e 7roAA.oi>9 toJi/ ^aptcratan/ 7 
/cat SaSSouKtuW ip)(op<£VQVS eVt to jSaTTTio-fxa eT-irev av- 
Tots rcvvT^/xaTa e^tSvwj/, rts viriSeL^v vplv cj^vyelv aVo 
Tys fieWovo-rjs opyrjs; TroirjaaTe ovv Kapirov a$tov rrjs 8 
/xeravotas* koll pLrj $6£r)T€ Aeyetv iv carrots Ilarepa e^o/xev 9 
toV 'A/Jpaa/x, Aeyoo yap v/xu/ on Swarat o #eos ck tw 
XlOwv tovtqjv eyetpat reKva tw 'AjSpaap,. ^877 Se 97 d^ivq xa 
7rpos t>}^ pt£av twi/ 8eV8pa)V Ketrar 7raV o?i> SevSpov jxrj 

7TOLOVV KOLpTTOV KaXoV €KK07TT£Tat Kat €tS 7ri)p fidXXeTOLL. 

iyu> [lev vjJLas /3a7rrt£to cv i!Sart cis /xeraVotav 6 Se oVtcra) n 
/xou ep^d/xcvos tcr^porepos /xou Zcttlv, ov ovk et/xt t/cai/os 
toc v7ro8rjpaTa /^acrTacrai* airrcs i>/Aa? /^aTrrtcra iv ttvzv- 
fxoiTL ay to) Kat irvpi' ov to tvtvov iv rrj X 6t P^ ai/rov, 12 
Kat StaKa#aptet Tfyy aAxova ai;rov ? Kat crwafct tot/ ottoi/ 
airrou cts r^f d-TroOrjKrjv 1 \ to Sk dyypov KaraKaucrct 7ri;pt 
acr/JeWa). Tore TrapaytVcrat o I^o-ous a;ro t^s 13 

TaXtXat'a? eVt tov *Iop8dvrjv irpos tov 'Iojolvtjv tov /3a7TTt- 
o~9rjvaL vir avTOV. 6 8e Sl€K(o\v€V olvtov Xiyo)V 'Eyco 14 
XpetW 1^0) wo crov /3a7rTLor8rjvaiy koll av tpXQ irpos /xe; 
a7roKptt/ets oc o iTycrous €t7rev aura) A(pes aprt, ov7a) 15 
yap Trpiirov io~Tiv rjp2v TrXrjpwcraL iracav $LKaLoo~vvr]v, 
tot€ acf>L7]CTLV clvtov. f^aTTTLO'O^i^ Se o 'I^crovs cvOvs dvi^Yj 16 

avr<Z 0L7T0 TOV vScLTOS* KOLL L$OV rjV<ilO)(6y)(TCLV T OL CVpOLVOL, KOLL 

elSev TrvevfJLa 6eov KCLTafiolvov ojcrel 7r<=pto-T€pai/ ipx®- 
fxtvov €7r afro^* Kat ISov cj>o)vr] €/c T(2v ovpcLvwv \iyovo~a 17 

fiQV, 6 ayaTTTJTOS cV OuTOff CCTTLV 6 VLOS^^/JLOV 6 ayaTT^TOS, €I> (p CL'So/CT/CTa. 

Tore [d] 'I^crcus dvy^Or] ets tt)v cprjpbov vtto tcv ttv€v- i 
xxaTOS, 7T€.Lpao~6rjvaL vtto tcv Sta/JoXov. Kat v7]ctt€vo-ols 2 
^/xepas TecrcrepaKO^Ta Kat vv/cras Teo-crepaKOvra vo~Tepov 
€7rctVao-€i/. Kat TTpoo-eXOwv 6 7retpa^a)V €t7rev avra) Et 3 



avrov 



n-pos avrof 



4/. 



IV KATA MA00AION 



U€OV. €L7T0V LVOL OL ALUC 



VLQS €L TOV U€OV, €L7T0V IVCL OL ALUOL OVTOL OLpTOl y€V<s)VTOLl. 

4 6 Be diroKpiOzls €L7T€V VeyparrTaL OyK 6TT ApTCp MONCp 

ZHceTAi 6 AN0poonoc ; AAA' km ttanti phmati eKrro- 

5 peyOMfcNCO AlA CTOMATOC Geof. Tore TrapaXapL^dvei 
olvtov 6 8lol/3o\os els tt}i/ dyiav 7roA.1v, Kal eaTrjcrev avrov 

6 €7TL TO 7TT€pvytOV TOV UpOV, KOLL \£y€L OLVTlp El VLOS €1 

rot; #eou, /3dXe creavTov kolto)' yiypairTai yap otl 
To?c AfreAoic AyTof eNTeAe?TAi nepi cof 
kai em x^ipooN ApofciN ce ; 

mh noTe npocKd^Hc npoc AiGon ton ttoAa coy. 

7 €<f>rj avTii> 6 'It/ctoDs Ila/W yiypaiTTai OyK 6KneipAC6IC 

8 Ky'piON TON G€ON coy. IlaAu/ TrapaXafxfidveL avTOV 6 
SidfioXos eh opos vij/rjXov Xlov, Kal SeLKwaLV avT<2 7ra<ras 

9 ras ^acrtActas tov koo-jjlov Kal t^v 8o£av avrojv, Kac 
et^ci/ aura> Taura ctol irdvTa Scocra) eav 7rccrcuv 7rpoo~KV- 

io V7]0"rjs fJLou tot€ XeyeL avTto 6 'Irjcrovs "Yrraye, Sarara " ^4/. 

yiypa-n-Tac yap KypiON TON G€ON COY npOCKyNHCGIC 
ii KAI AyTCp MONO) AATpeyCCIC. Tore d<j>L7](Tiv avTOV 6 

Sia/3oAog, Kal iBov dyyeXoL TTpocrrjXOov Kal Bltjkovovv 

avT(o. 

L 

12 'Akovcto.? Be otl 'IcodV^s 7rapeB69rj ave)(u>p7)crev €ts T^v 

13 TaAtAatav. Kal KaraAt7rw^ r^v Na£apa eX6d)V KaTWKrjcrev 
els Kac^apvaoi;//, t^f irapadaXacro-iav ev opiois ZafiovXwy 

14 Kal ~N ecf>6 aXetp,' Iva 7rXrjpa)6r} to prjOev §td 'Hcratou rov 
7rpoc^rjTov XeyovTOs 

15 f~H ZaBoyAoon kai th Nec|)0AAeiM, 
oAon GaAacchc, nepAN Toy MopAANoy 

TaAiAaia TO)N eGNOON, 

16 6 AAOC 6 KAGHM6N0C 6N ckotia 

cf>ooc eiAeN MerA ; 
kai to?c kaGhmenoic In x^P^ k ^ ! cki ^ ^ an ^ t °Y 

(J)00C AN6T6IA6N AyTO?C. 



IO KATA MA90AION IV V 



AIIO TOTE Tjp^aro 6 'Irjcrovs Krjpvcrcruv Kat Xiyew 17 

UyytKCV F MeTOLVO€LT€, Tjyy LK€V JO.p^ 1] /3a<TtA.€l'a TO)V OVpOLV(DV, 

TIepiTraTwv Se irapa rrjv OdXacrcrav Trjs raXtXatas etSev 18 
Svo dSeX<f>ovs 9 %tfjLwva tov Xeyojxevov Herpov koll 'AvSpeav 
tov dSeXcf>ov olvtov, /3dXXovTas d[Acj>LJ3\r](TTpov els ryjv 6d- 
Xacrcrav, rjcrav yap dXeels' koX XeyeL avTols Aeurc O7rtcro) 19 
fxoVy /cat ttoltJcto) vfjids dXeeis di/6punru>v. ot Se evOeais 20 
d(j>eVTes tcI StKTva 7]KoXov6r]crav olvtio. Kat irpofias eKeWev 21 
elSev dXXovs Svo aSeXcfrovs, Iolkw/3ov tov tov Ze/3eSa[ov 
kolL 'liodvrjv tov dSeXcj>ov olvtov, ev tw 7rXota> /xcra Zc/Jc- 
Scllov tov iraTpos avTcov KaTapTitpVTas ra Slktvol olvtiov, 
koll eKaXecrev glvtovs. ol Se ciJ0€a)s dcfrevTes to ttXoIov koX 22 
tov 7rar€pa avrwi/ TyKoXoiJ^^crar auT<3. Kat 23 

Trepirjyev ev oXrj Trj TaXtXat'ot, StSao7caH> ev rats crwa- 
ycoyats avrutv koX Krjpvcrcruiv to evayyeXtov Trjs /3acn- 
Xetas Kat OepairevoiV Trdcrav vocrov kcu irdcrav jxaXaKiav 
ev tw Xaa). kcu airrjXOev rj olkot] olvtov els oXrjv ttjv 24 
^vpLav' Kat 7rpocrrjvcyKav clvtco 7tolvtols tovs kolkiqs e^ovTas 
ttolklXcus voctols kcu fiacrdvoLS crvve^ofxevovs, Sat/xovt£o- 
fievovs Kat creXrjvLa^ofjievovs Kat irapaXvTLKOvs, kcu eBepd- 
irevcrev olvtovs. Kat 7]KoXov8rjcrav glvtw o^Xot TroXXot a7ro 25 
t^s TaAtXatas Kat AeKa7roXca)s Kat 'iepoo-oXv/jKoi/ Kat 
lovoatas Kat irepav tov kopoavov. Low be tovs r 

o^Xovs dvefirj els to opos* Kat KdOicrawros olvtov Trpocr- 
yjXOav [ai;T<S] ol fJLaOrjTOLL olvtov' Kat aVotfas to a'TOfxa 2 
avTo£ c8t8aorK€r arrows Xeyoov 



V KATA MAG0AION II 

< : « / ^v 

3 MAKAPIOI ol TTTw^ol T(3 7rvcvpL0LTL, ort avrcov €ortv 77 /3a- 

cnAct'a tujv ovpav<2v. 

4 r fxaKapiOL 01 neN9ofNT6C ; OTL avTOL TTApAKAHOHCONTAI. hM- ol irpa«$... 

5 fldKapLOL Ol TtpAeic, on aurot KAHpONOMHCOYCI THN THN." /i.o&owT f s 

6 fxaKaptoi ol TrtcvuivTes Kat oti^wvres tt/v olkcuo(tvvy]v, otl Ta i.{. 

airrot yppracrOrjcrovTai. 

7 pLaKoipLoi ol eXc^/xoveg, on ai/rot iXtrjOrjcrovTaL. 

8 jJiaKapLOi ol KaOapol rrj KapSta, ort avTOt 7W #€oV o\[/ovtoll. 

9 [AOLKapioi ol elp7]vo7roLOL, otl [airot] mot #eoi) KXr}9r]o*0VT at, 
io fxaKapLOL* ol ScStooyp-e^ot €vck€v StKatoo-WTyg, ort aurwi^ 

coTti> 77 /?ao-t\eta ra>v ovpavdji/. 
2i [LCLKapLOL cctt€ orav oVetSi'o"0)o~tv •uju.as Kat StcJ^cocrtv Kat 
ct7r<ocrtv 7raV irovrjpov KaS* vfxwv xj/evS6p.€V0L ev€K€V 

12 ifMov' ^atpcre Kat ayaAAtacr#e, ort o p,tcr#os i;/>ta)v 7roXi)s 
cy rot? ovpavots* oi/Ta>s yap eStw^av tovs 7rpo(f>rJTas tovs 

TTpO VfXCOV. 

13 Y/ms ecrre to aAas ttJs y^s* caV Se to aAa? fjL(xipav6fj, iv 
tlvl aXiorOijcreTaL ; ets ouSer to~^i;€t ert ct /x?J fiXrjQev efco 

14 KarairaT €Lcr6aL V7ro twv dv6piD7ru>v, iy>t€ts care to <£a>? 
tov Kocrfiov. ov Swarat 7rdXts KpvfirjvaL iiravm opovs K€L- 

15 fievrj* ovSe kollovctlv Xv)(yov koX tl6£o.o-w auroV vtto tov 
[xoZlov dXX* €7rt rrjv Xv^ytav, kcll XapureL 7rdo~iv tols iv rrj 

16 ouaa. ovtcos XapLxj/dro) to <£(•>? vjjlwv IparpocrOev tu>v avOpd- 
ttojv, O770)s tSwcrtv vjjlujv Ta KaAa epya Kat So^aVajcrtv tov 
7raT€pa vjjlwv tov iv Tots oupavotg. 

17 M77 vojjllo"Y]T€ otl rjXOov KCLTaXvaraL tov vojaov i) tot)s 

18 7rpo<j>7]Tas' ovk rjX8ov KdTaXvcraL dXXd 7rXr}pcoo~aL' dpLrjv 
yap Xeya) v/juv, €a>5 av irapiXOrj 6 ovpavos Kat y yrj, iwtcl 
ev 7] p,ta Kepea ov fir] irapeXOr) a7ro tov vojjlov ecos [a^J 

19 7ravra yeV^Tat. os eai/ 0S1/ Xucr^ piW t<Zv IvtoXujv tov- 
Twv t<2v iXa)(Lo~T(xiv Kat StSa^ o{;ra)? tovs dvOpunrovs, 
cXa^to-Tos kXtjOtJo-ctcll iv Trj /SacrtAaa tw oupavwV os 
8' aV -iroLrjo-Y] Kat StSot^, ouros jaeyas KXyiOrjC^TaL iv Trj /3a- 



12 RATA MA09AION V 

criXeia tcov ovpavw. Xe'yco yap vjxlv otl lav purj Trepicr- 20 
crevcn? vjJLMV rj $u<aiocrvvr] 7rXeiov tw ypa/x/xarewv kcll 
<l>ap<.cratW, ov [XT] do-i\9r)TZ eU rrjv /SacnXeiaj/ twv ov- 
pav&v. 'HKOv'crare otl IppiOf) rois ap^atois Of 21 

cfJONGyceiC' 05 8' av &ov€vcrr], evoxos Icrrat rrj Kpicru. 
Ap, 'EycJ Se Xe'ya) vplv otl 7ra? d dpyc£dp,ei/os ro3 aSeXc/>a> avrov 22 

cVo^o? ecrrai tt} Kp'icrW os S' ay €(,'71-77 rco dSeX(/>a) avrov 
e PaKa, eVoYOS ecrrai t<3 crvveSpia>* os 8' av clV?! Moope, 
evoYOS coral eis ttJv yeevvav rov irvpos. lav ovv irpocr- 23 
tjyeprjs to Swpov crov i-irl to OvcrLacTypLov kcxkc? fxvrjcrOf^ 
otl 6 aSeXc/>ds crov e;(eL Tt Kara crov, ac/>es exec to Swpdv 24 
crov ejJL7rpoa0€V tov c^vcriacrr^piov, Ka\ vVaye 7rpwTOV SiaX- 
Xdyr]6L tw aSeXe/>(i> crov, Kal Tore iXOuv 7rpocrc/>ep€ to 
Swpov crov. IctOl cvvoujv tw aVriSi/cw crov ra^v coos 6rov 25 
et p.€T avrov iv Trj d8(3, fJLy 7roTe <xe 7rapaSa> d ai/rtSi/cos 

TW KptT^, Kal O KpLTTJS T(3 V7rY]p£T7], koI CIS (J>vXaK7]V fiXr]- 

Oijo-y dfJirjv Xe'ya) croc, ov p,?} i££X6r)s eKeWev ews ar 26 
aVoStos rov ecr^aTov KoBpavTrjv. HKovcraTe otl 27 

ippidrj Of MOI)(ef C6IC. 'EycJ Se Xe'ya) vplv on 7ras d /3Xe- 28 
7rco^ ywaifca 7rpds to iiriOv/XTjcraL [olvtyJv] ySrj ifJLOL)(€vcrev 
avT7]V ev rry KapOLa avTov. €L oe o ocpuaAfxos crov o oe£ios 29 
cr/cavSaXi£ei ere, e£eXe avrov /cat /2aXe airo crov, crvfJL<fiep€L 
yap croi Iva aTroXrjTai ev tc3i/ p,eXa)i> crov Kai p,^ oXov to 
crwp-a crov /3Xrj0fj cts ycevvav Kat et 77 8efta crov ^etp 30 
cr/<ai/8aXtXct ere, zkkoiJ/ov avTrjv Kal (3dX€ airo crov, crvfx- 
c/>€pet yap crot Iva aTroX^rai ev twv p.eXwv crov Kat p,-^ oXov 
to crwp,a crov ets yievvav diriXOrj. *Eppe^ Se 31 

°0c AN ATTOAyCH THN rY N ^KA AfTOf, AOT00 AflH AHO- 
CTACION. Eyw Se Xeya) vp-tv on 7ras d a7roXva>v Trjv 32 
yvrat/ca avrov 7rapeKTos Xoyov 7ropvaas ttolzl avTrjv jjlol- 
Xp)Qfjvai\j Kat 6s eav aTroXeXvjjiivrjv yajxycrrj p-ot^a- 
Tat]]. IlaXti/ ^KOvcraTe otl ippiOr] Tots a'p^at'ots 33 

Ovk €7riopKt]crcL<s, AnoAooceic 8e to) Kypia> Tofc op- 



vvr KATA MAGGAION 13 

34 KOyc coy. 'Eyci Sc Xeyw vplv fit] d/xdcrat 0X0)9* tiTfrc cv 

35 TO) OypANtp, OTt OpONOC eCTIN TOf Geof* fJL7]T€ CV TH 

TH, oVt ynonoAidN Ictin toon ttoAoon AyToy* /x^'tc eU 

'Icpoo-o'Av/xa, ort ttoAic IotIv Toy MerAAoy BAciAeooc 

30 /at^t€ cv rfi Ke<paXrj crov o/xoctt;?, oVt ov Svvacrat tuav 

37 Tpt'^a XcvktJv iroirjcrcu rj tteXatvav. r coTa) n Sc o Xdyo9 ecrrat|^/. 
vjJLwv vat vat, ov ov* to 8c irepicrcrov tovtojv Ik tov 7rovr)pov 

38 ecrTtv. 'HKOvVaTC on IppiQ-q 'Oc^GaAmon ANTI 

39 6(J)0AAMOy KAI OAONTA ANTI OAONTOC. 'EyoJ Sc Xc'ya) v/xtv 
fir) dvTLO-Trjvai tw 7rovqpQ* aXX' oort9 ere pa7rt£ct els rrjv 

40 Scfiav crtayoVa [crov], arpeif/ov avT(5 /cat tt;v aWrjv /cat r<3 
OiXovri ctol KptOrjvai kolI tov ^trcova crov Xa/3etv, ac/>€9 o.vtu) 

41 Kat to IfidTLOV /cat ccrrt? ere ayyapevcrei tuXtov cv, V7rayc 

42 /xcr avYov Svo. to) aiTovvTL ere S09, Kat tov tfc'XovTa aVo 

43 crov SavLaacrOaL firj a7rocrTpac/)^9. 'H/covcrarc 
ort ippeOrj 'ArAHHCeiC TON TTAhcION COY Kat fxto-yjaeis tov 

44 l^Opov crov. 'Eycn Se Xeya> v/xtv, aya7rare tov? i)^6pcvs 

45 v/x<3v Kat 7rpoo-€v^€cr6e vircp twv Sta>Ko'vTwv v/xaV C7ra)s 
yevrjoSe viol tov TraTpos v/xa>v tov cv ovpavotj, otl tov 
tjXlov clvtov avaTc'XXct cVt irovqpovs Kat aya#ov9 Kat 

46 f3p£)(€L cVt StKatovs Kat aStKovs. cav yap dyaTrrjcrrjTC tovs 
ayawcuvTas vp.ds, Ttra fxicrOov c^ctc; ov^t Kat ot TeXwvat 

47 r T0 avro 7rotovcrtv ; Kat cav acrirdo-qcrOz tovs a8cXc/>ov9 c 3to>s 

VX4COV JJLOVOV, TL 7rcptCTCr0V 7TOt€tT€ J OV^t Kat Ot €*6VtKOt TO 

48 avTo ttolovctlv ; *EcecGe ovv v/xct9 TeAeiOi o5s O 7TOLTrjp 
vjmZv o ovpavios TcActo9 ecrTtv. 

1 IIpocre^eTC [8e] tt/^ 8tKatocrvvr;v vjxiov fir) iroulv €tt7rpo- 
cr^cv twv dv6p<jJ7ru)v 7rpG5 to OeadrjvcLi avTOts* ct 8e p,7;- 
yc, fitaOov ovk ex 6T€ ^^^ T< ? iraTpl vfxwv tw ei/ Tots 

2 ovpavots. "OTav ovv Troths eXerjfxoavvrjv, jirj 
0-0X71-10-779 cfxirpoo-Oiv crov, <3o-7r€p ot viroKpiTac ttoiovo-lv tv 
Tat9 crvvaya)yat9 Kat ev Tat9 pv/xat9, 07TW9 8o^ao 6wo~iv V7ro 
Ttov av0paj7ra)v a/x^v Xeya) v/xtK, a7re^ovo-tv tov fiiauov 

2 



14 KATA MA00AION VI 

avrojy. crov Se TrctouVros iXerjjJLOcrvvrjv /jltj yvcoTUi rj apt- 3 
orepa crov ti Trotet rj Se£ta crov, o7ra)s y crov rj iXer/jjiocrvvrj 4 

iv 7W KpV7TT<d)* KOU 6 TTCLT7]p CTOV 6 ySAeVcOV iv T<2 KpVTTTlO a7TO- 

Saxrei crot. Kat orav Trpocrev^rjcrOe, ovk €0~ccr(9€ 5 

cos ot vTTOKpirai' Ztl duXovcnv iv Tats cruvaycoyats /cat eV 
Tat? yawtats T(Zv ftXareuZv €OTc3t€S 7rpocreu^ec7^at, G7ra)S 
<f>av(2o~LV Tots aV^pw/rots* afjirjv Aeyco v/xu>, aTri^ovcrt tov 
jalo~66v avra>K en) Se orav 7rpocrei>xV> C'CCAGe eic TO 6 

tamgion coy kai kAgicac thn 0yp<\N coy npdceylAi 
tw 7rarpt crov tw cV t<£ Kpvirr(o' /cat o 7rarrjp crov o 
/3Xe7rwv iv r<2 /cpv7TTa> a7ro8ajcret crot. Ilpocrcv^o^cvot §67 
/x?} /3aTTa\oyrjar)T€ wcnrep ot iOviKOi, hoKovcnv yap otl iv 
T7] 7roXvXoyia clvtujV tIcraKovo-OrjcrovTaL* fir) ovv 6fJLoio)6fJT€ 8 
avrots, otScv yap [d 0eos] d Trarrjp v/x<Zv (Lv ypeiav ex er€ 
7rpd tov v/xas amijcrat avTov. Ovto>s ovV 7rpocrev^€cr0€ 9 
v/xets 

IlaTcp t;/xcSv d iv Tots ovpavols* 

t Aycacr6rJT(M to oVo/xa crov, 

iXOdroy r] /3acrtAcia crov, 10 

yevrjOrJTU) to OiXrj/JLa crov, 
ws iv ovpavto /cat cVt y?Js* 

Tov apTov rjfjuZv tov iirtova-iov n 

80s rjixiv crrjfjiepov 

Kat ac/>es ?;/ui> Ta d^etA^'/xaTa r}fjL<Zv, 12 

cas Kat 7;/x€ts dcfrrjKafjLev Tots dc/>etAerats ^/xwv 

/cat /xi; dcrcviyKT}^ r]fjia<$ ets 7rctpacr/xoV, I3 

///. aAAa pvcrcu 77/xas aVd tov irovrjpov. 

Eav yap ac£>rJT€ Tots aV0paj7rots Ta 7rapa7rra>/xaTa avVcSi/, 14 
ac/^cra /cat v/xti/ d TraTijp v/jlldv 6 ovpaVtos* caV Se /x?; 15 
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T7?p v/xtov ac/)7ycr€t Ta 7rapa7TTw/xaTa v/xcCv. "Orai/ 16 

8c vrjcrrevrjTe, fir) ytveoSe ws ot vVo/cptTat a-KvOpmiroi, 
xuJxlvi^ovo-lv yap to. 7rpdcra)7ra auTajv O7ro)s c/>avdjcrtv Tots 



flpwrois 



VI RATA" MA00AION 1 5 

av0paj7r(K5 vrjCTTevovTes* dfirjv Xeyco v/xiv, d.7r€^ovcnv tov 

17 fiLcrOov avTwv. crv 8e v7]<TT€vu>v dXenj/ai crov Tr]v KtfyaXrjv 

18 KCU TO TTpO<T(j)7r6v GTOV VLlj/CUy O7TC0S [IT] (f>CLVrj<$ F TOL<S av6p(Xi- vr\<Trevuv Tec? eV- 
7T019 V7^CTT€VCOV n aXXa TO) TTCLTpL CTGV TW CV T(3 KpVc/>CU(iT KCU 
6 7TaTJ]p CTOV 6 /3X£tT(j)V iv TO) KpV<£cUO> a7TOOOJCr€6 (TOL, 

19 M17 Orjaavpi^TC vjxlv Orjcravpovs tirl rrjs yrjs, ottov crrjq 

KCU /3p(J}(TL<; dcjXLVL&t, KCU OTTOV KXe7TTCU §lOpVO~(TOV<TW KCLL 

20 kXItttovctiv 6ri<javpi^€T€ Sc v/juv OrjeroLvpovs Iv ovpavwy 
ottov ovre crrjs ovre /3paxris a</>ayt^ct, kcu ottov kXctttcu ov 

21 StopvcrcTovcrLV ovSe kXItttovctiv ottov yap Icttlv 6 6rj- 

22 cravpos crov, £k€l ecrrat. [kcu] r) KapSia crov. O Xv^vos 
tov crco/xaTos icrTtv o oc/>#aX/xos. cav ovv rj o oc/>#aX/xo9 

23 crov aVXov?, oXov to crwfJLa crov cJmjjtwov ecrrac* eaV 8e o 
dc/>#aX/xds crov TTOvrjpos rj, oXov to crw/xa crov ctkotlvov 
cotcu. ci ow to c/>ak to tv o~ol ctkotos Icttlv, to ctkotos 

24 ttocfov, OvSets SvVcitcu Svcrt Kvptois SovXcvetf 77 yap 
tov eVa fjuorrjo-ei kcu tov €T€pov ayaTrrjcreL, r) ivos clvQe&Tai 
kcu tov eTepov KaTacfapovrjcrer ov SvvacrOe 6e<2 SovXzvzlv 

25 kcu fJLafJLtova. Ata tovto Xeyco vplv, parj /xcp i/zi/aYe Trj 

4^ V XV V/A^V TL (f>dyrjT€ \J] Tl 7TLrjT€J, jA^ot T<Z (rdfiaTi V/XQJJ/ 

tL IvSvcrrjcrOe' ov^i rj \f/vxy ttXzlov ccttl tt}s Tpocjyrjs kcu to 

26 crw/xa tov evSv/xaros; e/x/^Xei/fare ets Ta 7T€T€ii/a tov ovpa- 
vov 0T6 ov cnretpovo-LV ovSe QzpiQovcriv ovSe crvvdyovcriv 
cts aTToOrJKas, kcu o TraTrjp vfiiov o ovpavios Tpec/>€6 avYa* 

27 ov^ v/^ets fxaXXov 8iac/>epeTe avTwv ; tis 8e e^ v/xa>v /xept- 
fxvojv Svvoltcu TTpocrOtivcu Itti tyjv rjXiKiav clvtov tttj^vv 

28 ei/a; kcu Trepl cvSv/xaTOS T* fX€ptfxvd.T€; KaTajmadeTe to 
KptVa tov dypov ttojs av^dvovcriv ov KOTTiioo-iv ovSe vrjOov- 

29 crtv Xeyw 8e v/>ui> 6Vt ovSe SoXo/xaJv €i/ Trdcrrj Trj $6£rj 

30 avTOv TTCpiefidXeTO cu? ev tovtcoi/. et Se toi/ \6pT0v tov 
dypov o~rjjJLepov ovto. kcu avptov et? KXifBavov /3aXX6/JL€VOV 
o ^€05 ovto)5 a/xc/)tei/vvcrti/j ov TroAAaJ fiaXXov vfjcds, oXt- 

31 yd7TtcrT0t; /x,r} ovv (xepLfjLvrjcrrjTe XeyovTes Tt (f)aywfX€V ; 



16 KATA MAGOAION VI VII 

rj Tt7rta)/X€v; rj Tt 7T€pt/3aAajju.e0a ; ttolvtol yap ravra rd 32 
Wvrj eTri&jTovcrw oTSev yap o Trarr)p v/xwv o ovpavios on 
ypr)£,zre tovtojv diravroiv. £,t]T€lt€ Se irpuiTov rrjv /Sacrt- 33 
j£p t Actav Kal rrjv SiKaiocrvvrjv avrov, Kal ravra irdvra irpoar- 

rs&r\(js.rai v\)lv. jxr) ovv p.zpi\wf]G"t}r€. cts Trjv avpiov, r) 34 
yap avpiov fiepifjivrjo-ei avrrjs' dpKtrov rfj rjjitpa rj KaKta 
avrfjs. 

M.rj Kpivtre, Zva fir) KpiOrjre* iv a> yap Kpifxari Kpivtre 2 

pidrjcrecrQt, Kal iv oj /A€Tpa> /xcrpetrc /JLtrprjOtfcreTai vjxlv. 

1 Se /JAeVets to Kapc/>os to iv tcS 6cj>6a\fJL<o tov d8t\<f>ov 3 
cov, rrjv 8e iv t<3 o"<3 oc/>0aAp,a> SokoV ov KaTavoets; 77 7tojs 4 
epets tw aSeAc/>a> cot; A<£es iKJ3aXoj to Kap<£os ck tou 
oc/>0aA/Aoi> orov, Kal t8oi) 77 8okos iv rco oc/>#aA/xu> cov; 
viroKpird, €K/3aXe irpwrov €K tov oc/)#aA/xou aov rrjv SokoV, 5 
Kat Tore Sta/3Ae't^ets iKJ3aXeiv to Kapc/>os ck tov 6<f>6aXfJiov 
tov dSeXcjiOv crov. Mt) Sarre to aytoi> Tots kvctiv, p,7?8e 6 
(SdXrjTe tovs /xapyaptras v/xwi/ e/xTrpoaOev tow xptpojv, p,7; 
7TOT6 KaraTrarrjorovo-iv avrovs iv Tots 7roo~ti> avrwv Kat 
crpacfrivTes pr/^ojcrtv v/ms. AtTetTe, /cat SoOrjaerai vjjuv 7 
f^TetTe, Kal tvprjcrtre* KpoveTe, Kat dvoiyrjcrtTai vjjuv. 7ras 8 
yap 6 atTwv Aa/x/?dVet Kal 6 tprjrolv evptorKti Kal r<2 
dvoCyerax KpovovTt r avoiyrjcr€7 at n . 77 Tts e£ i;p.ajv dv6p<D7ros, ov 9 
alrrj(j€i o vlos avrov aprov—jxr) XiOov eVtSuxret avrw; 77 10 
Kat t^0i;i> alrrjcrei—jjirj oc/>tv eVtScJcret airru); et ovv vjxets n 
irovrjpoL ovres olSare Sojiara dyaOd StSoVat Tots t£kvols 
vjjlmv, 7roo"a) fxaXXov o irarrjp vjxQv o iv Tots ovpavols 
Swcret aya0a Tots atToi;o"ti/ avrov. Ilavra ovv ocra car 12 
6eXr]T€ Iva 7tol(jjo~lv vjjuv ol aV#pa)7rot, ovtco? Kat i5/xcts 
srotetTC ai;Tots* ovtos yap io~Ttv 6 vo/xos Kal ol 7rpocfyfJTaL. 
•n rrvki) Ap. EtcreA^aTC 8ta Tiys o~T€vrjs irvXrjs" on 7rAaT€ta T Kat 13 

€vpvxo)pos rj o'Sos rj dirdyovaa cts rr)v aVwAetai/, /cat 
TroAAot cto-ti' ot elcrepxpfAtvot 8t' avTrjs" ort o-tcvt} 7/ ttuAt; 14 
Kat TtOXifJLfxivr] r] 080s 77 aTrayofcra ets Trjv £u>rjv, Kal 



VII RATA MAGGAION 1J 

15 oXiyOL €lO"lV Ol €VptCTKOVT€S aVTTjV. ITpOO"C^€T€ 

aVo t<ov \[/ev$07rpo<fcr]T<j)V, oinves epyovrai 7rpos v/xas eV 

16 ivSvfiacrt 7rpo/?aVa)i> ecrwOev 8e ctctv Xvkol dp7ray&s. oVd 
tc3v Kap7riQV CLVTtoV iiuyvdcrtcrOz avTovs' fxt]Ti vvXXiyovcriv 

17 airo aKdvOiov o-Tacf>vXas rj airo rpi/36Xo)v cn5/ca; ovtm 7raV 

ScVSpov dyaOov Kap-nrovs r *caXoi>? 7roi€i n , to Se vairpov ScV- „ ou i koAov? 

18 8poi/ KapTrovs Trovrjpovs ttomI' ov SiWrai SeVSpov dyaOov 
Kap-irovs 7rovrjpov<; eVcy/cciV, ovSl SivSpov aairpov Kaprrovs 

19 KdXoVS 7TOICIV. TTOLV ScVSpOV /JLTJ 7TOLOVV KCLpiTOV KdXoV 

20 €KK07TT€rat Kal €19 TTvp /3dXXeTOLi. apaye a7ro T(i3v KapirQv 

21 avTwi/ eViyi/cocr€O-0€ avrous. Ou 7ras o Xeycoi' tioi K/upie 
Ki5pi€ cio-cXcuo-erai cts r^v /JaaiXciav ran/ ovpai/wv, a'AV o 

7tol(ov to OeXriua tov 7rarpos ixov tov iv tois oupavois T . -*°5tos eio-eAevVe- 

" ' ' ' too, eis T>?i/ /3aat- 

22 7ToXXol ipovaiv fJLOL iv iK€Lvrj Trj ^/xcpa Kupic Kvpic, ov Xe J av ™v ovpa- 
TO) CO) ONOMATI 6npO({)HT€YCAMeN ; Kal T(3 o-(3 OVOfJLClTL Ap 
SaLjJLOVLa efc/?aXop.ei>, Kal tw era) ovofiaTt SiW/z,€is 7roXXas 

23 eVoi^craiicv ; Kal totc ofAoXoyqaa) auToig 6V1 OvScVoTe 
cy>w vtiaV ATTOXOOperre AH €M0f 01 eprAZC)M6N0l THN 
ANOMIAN. 

24 Has ow ooris okovci /xov tous Xoyous [tovtovs] Kal 

7T01CI aVTOVS, 6fJLOl(i)6rjcT€TaL aVSpl cf)pOVlfHD, OOTIS WK0S0- 

25 firjaev avTov ttjv oiklov cVl ttjv irtTpav, Kal KaTe/3rj r) 
fip°XV KaL yXOav 01 7rora[xol Kal hrvevcrav ol avefxot /cat 
Trpoa€7T€o-av Trj olklo. iKtivrj, kol ovk ?7rccrcv, T£0e/x.eXia>TO 

26 yap C7rt T771' 7T€Tpav. Kal 7ras o aKovcov /aov tovs Xoyovs 
tovtovs Kal fir) ttolmv olvtovs 6p^Oiio9rjcr€Tai dvSpl fi(op<2 9 

27 ootis toKo^ofjarjo-ev avrov ttjv oikiclv €7rt tt)v afxfMov. Kat 
KaT€/3rj r] fipoyy} Kal ^X^av ot 7roTa/xol Kal hrvevaav ol 
avejJLoi Kal 7rpocre/cot^av ttJ otKta eKeLvrj, Kal hrzo'ev, Kai rjv 
r) 7rTa)crt9 avrrjs fxtydXr/. 

28 Kal eyevero ore ereXccrev o It;o"o{>s tovs Xoyovs tov 

29 toi>9, ef€7rX^crcrovTO ol o)(Xol C7rl ttJ StSa^iJ avTov* rjv 
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i8 



KATA MA00AION 



VII VIII 



H teal ot $apt- 
COtOt h 



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Kara^Savros Se avrov aVd tov opous yKoXovOrjaav avrw i 
ox^ot 7roXXoc. Kat tSou Xe7rpds irpooreXduv 7rpoo-€Kwet 2 
aura) Aeyan/ Kvpte, car fleA^s Swacrat p.€ KaOaptaat. Kat 3 
€KTCiVas T7)i/ X € ^P a ' 3 7 l A aTO a ^To{; Xiywv 0eXa), Ka6apior6r)rr 
Kat ev6eo)s eKaOcplcrOrj avrov rj XeVpa. Kat Xcyet aura) d 4 
'It;o-o{;s "Opa p/^Scvt ct^s, aXXa -uVaye crccurroi' AeilON 
TO) iepe? ; Kal 7rpocr€veyKov to Scopov o irpoo-ira^ev Mawcrijs 
cis fxapTvpiov avTols. Etcr eX#dvTOS Se arTou cts 5 

Ka^apvaovp, Trpo<rf}X6ev aww €KaT<Wapxos 7rapaKaXa)i/ 
avTov Kat Xiywv Krpte, d 7rats /xov fiifiXrjTcu kv rfj qtKta, 6 
7rapaXi>TiKos, Setvak /3ao"avt£d/zci/os. Xeyet avra> 'Eyc5 eX- 7 

#toV 6€pa7T€V(Tlx) CLVTOV. <X7rOKpt0€tS §€ O iKOLTOVTOLpXpS €(j>7] 8 

Kvpte, ovk ctp,t tKavds tva /xou £77-0 rrjv crriyrjv elo-eXOrjs* 
aXXa fxovov eure Xdya>, Kat laOrjcrer at o 7rats /xoir Kat 9 
yap cyoJ aV#pa)7rds* et/xt wo k^ovaiav [racrcrd/xcvos], e^cor 
-U7r' ifxavrov arpanwra<;, Kat Xe'ya) rovra) IIopev^Tt, Kat 
7ropei;eTat, Kat aXXa) ^Ep^ov, Kat cpx^Tat, Kat tw SovXa) 
p.ov Ilot^crov tovto, Kat 7rotet. aKOixra? 8e d 'I^crovs 10 
kOavfxacrcv Kat €i7r€v rots aKoXovOovciv 'Ajurjv Xiyw i5p,ti/, 
7rap' ovSei/t Tocavrrjv ttlcttiv iv to> 'I&parjX evpov. Xeyoo n 
Se u/xtv ort 7roXXot ATTO ANAT0Att)N KAI AyCMOON r}£ovo~iv 
Ap. Kat avaKXiOrjcovrai p,em 'A/3paa/x Kat 'icraaK Kat 'IaKw/3 

He£€A€v'cro»>Tcu 1- ^ T ^J ^fJacrtXeta raV ovpaywv ot Se vtot ttJs /3ao"tXctas r cK- 12 



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fiXrjdrjcrovra? ets to ctkotos to i^wrepov 
KXavOfAos Kat d fipvyfxos rwv o&ovtmv. Kat ct7rci/ d 'I^o-ous 13 
tw tKCLTOVTapxr) "Y7raye, cos €7rto-T€i;o"as yevrjOijTO} croc kcu 
tac/"^ o 7rats ei/ tt^ copa, €K€tvrj, Kat eAC/w^ o 

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T^g, Kat d<t>rJK€v avrrjv 6 irvpzTos, Kat tfyipOrj, kol Slyjk6v€l 
avTio. 'Ot/aas 8^ yevoixivqs 7rpoo~7]V€yKav olvtw 



14 



15 



VIII KATA MAG6AI0N 19 

8ai/X01/t£o/XeVoVS TToXXovV KCU l^ifictXtV TO. TTV '€V fJLOLl CL Xdyo>, 

17 kolL iravras tovs kolkws e^ovras iQepdirevcrev oVus TrXrjpuy- 
Ofj to prjOev Sid 'Ho-atov tov 7rpo<£ryrov XiyovTos AyTOC 
lie acGgngiac hmoon eA&BeN kai tac Nocoyc tBACTAceN. 

18 'iSwySe 6 Irjcrovs r o^Xov 1 Trept avTov eKeXcvcrev aVeX#€tv [n-oAAovs] 6x<\ov? 

19 ets to irepav. Kat 7rpocreX6^v et? ypa/x/xaTevs 
cTttcv avra) AtSao~KaXe, aKoXov9rjo~o) crot 07rov eav airip^yj, 

20 Kat Xeyet aura) o I?70~ovs At aXa>?reKes <£a)Xeovs e^ovcrti/ 
Kat ra 7reretva tov ovpavov KaTao-Krjvwcrets, 6 Se vtos tov 

21 dvOpCDTTOV OVK €^(€t 7TOV TT/J' K€(f)ClXrjV kXlVTJ. FtT€pOq Se 

Ta>y fxaOrjTOjy eirrev avra) Kvpte, itriTpeij/ov /xot 7rpa)rov 

22 aVeX^etv Kat 6dij/at tov iraTepa p,ov. 6 Se 'Itto-ovs Xeya 
avVcp 'AKoXov0et /xot, Kat a<£es tov? veKpovs 6d\j/a.L tovs 

23 eavT(3j/ veKpov?. Kat ififSavTL avVw ets 7rXotoi/ 

24 T^KoXov^crav avVa> ot /xa#77Tat avrov. Kat tSov o"etayxos 
/xeyas iyiveTO kv tt) #aXao~o~r?, (ocrre to 7rXotov KaXvyrre- 

25 o-#at v?ro twv KUjudrwv avros Se eKa^evSer. Kat irpocr- 
eXOovTts rjyetpav clvtov XeyovTes Kvpte, criocrov, aVoXXv- 

26 /xe#a. Kat Xeyet avTOts Tt SetXot io~T€, oXtyoVto~Tot ; totc 
eyep#ets eTreTt/xricrej/ Tots aye/xots Kat tt} 0aXdcro-r], Kat 

27 iyeveTO yakrjvrj /xeyaXr?. Ot Se avOpuaroi iOav/macrav 
XeyovTes IIoTa7ros eo~Ttv ovtos ort Kat ot avetiot Kat 77 #a- 

28 Xacro~a aura) vTraKOvovcrtv ; Kat cX^oVtos av- 

tov ets to 7repav ets T?)y ^copav t(3j/ TaSap^vwy v7ryvT7]o~av dp. 

avra) Svo 8ai/xort£o/xevot ck t(3j/ /xj/Ty/xetW' e^ep^o/xevot, ^a- 
Xe7rot Xtai/ a!o"T€ /xr) to-^vety Ttva TrapeX^etv Sta tt/s dSov 

29 eKetvris. Kat tScv €Kpa£ai/ XeyovTe? Tt 7//xti/ Kat o-ot, vte 

30 tov 0eov ; r)X^eg wSe 7rpo Kaipcv j3acravLO~ai ry/xa? ; ' Hv 
Se nctKpdv air clvtojv ayeXr/ ^otpcoy 7roXXa)i/ j3oo~kojjl€V7]. 

31 ot 8e 8at/xoves 7rapeKaXovv avroV XeyovTes Et eK^aXXet? 
77/xas, a7roo-TetXor ry/xa? ets tt;v ayeXr/v T(3y ^otpcov. 

32 Kat et7T€v avTOts 'Yvrayere. ot 8e e^eX^oi/Tes dTrrjXOav ets 
tovs ^otpovs* Kat t5ov cop/xrycev 7racra 77 ayeXr? KaTa tcv 



20 RATA MA09AION VIII IX 

Kprjfxvov cts Trjv 6dXaacrav 9 koll aariOavov iv Tots vSacrtv. 

Ot Sc /36(TKOVT€S €<j)VyOV, KCU dlT^XOoVT^ CIS T7JV TToXlV 33 

a7r^yyetXav irdvTct Kat ra T<m> Sat/xovt^opcVcoy. Kat tSoi> 34 
tov irdcra 77 7rdXtg i£rj\0€V cts viravrrjcriv r T(f 'Irjcrov, Kat t8oV- 

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iSoi»/ €i/ cavTOis Ovros /3Aao-<£?7/X€t. kcu €tSoos n o 'I^cous Tas 4 

ivOvfjajacts avTuiv ct7rev Iva Tt ivOv/JLetcrOc. irovrjpd iv Tats 
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pc n apdv crov Trjv kXlvtjv Kat Tj7rayc cts tok otKOj/ <rov. 



Kat cyep^ets dirrjXOzv cts tov oTkov avrou. 'ISoVtcs Sc ot 



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CTLOLV TOLOLVTrjV TOtS aV#p<07TOtS. 

Kat irapdyiov 6 ^Irjaovs iKtWev ctScv dvOpipirov KaOrjptvov 9 
C7rt to TeXdvtov, Ma66cuov Acyd/xcvov, Kat Acyct glvtio Ako- 
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cycVcTO aurou dvaKct/xcVou iv ttj otKta, Kat tSou 7roXXot 
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jroAAd d^ov XeyovTes Aid n 7/xet« Kat ot ^aptcratot k?io-T€vo/x€K T ; 



IX 



KATA MAeeAION 



21 



15 ol Se fxaOrjTai crov ov vrjcrrevovcrLV ; Kat etTrev avrots 

o Irjcrovs Mr} Bvvolvtoll ol viol rov r vvp.^>^vos x irev- -1 wnfylov \- 
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26 CTTevcrovcriv, ovSets Se eVt/^aXXct e7TL(3Xr]fxa paKOVs dyvd- 
c/>ov eVt t/xarta> 7raXat<3* atpet yap to TrXrjpwfia avrov airo 

17 rov t/xartov, Kat ^(etpov cryicrpia ytverat. ovSe (3dXXovo~LV 
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aXXa /3a\XovcrLV olvov veov els aavcovs kollvovs, kolI a/xc/>o- 
repot crvvTrjpovvraL. 

18 Tavra avrov XaXovvros avrots t8ov dp^oiv r [ets] irpoaeX- ei<xe\9uv 
Guv* TTpoo-eKvvei avrio Xeymv on H Ovyarrjp fiov aprt ere- 
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19 fyjcreraL. kol eyepOels 6 'I?7crovs r TjKoXovOet [ avra> koll ol ijito\ov9r)<Tev 

20 fJLaOrjTal avrov. Kat tSov yvvrj at/xoppoovcra SwSe/ca err] 
TrpoaeXOovaa o7TLcr6ev yij/aro rev Kpacnre&ov rev 1[acltlov 

21 avrov* eXeyev yap ev eavrrj 'EaV fiovov axf/opac rov t/xa- 

22 riov avrov crcj^cro/jtat. o 8c 'Itjctovs crrpacf>els Kat tSooi/ 
avrrjv elirev ©apcrct, Svyarep' rj ttlqttls crov crecrooKeV 

23 ere. Kat eo-(x)ur] rj yvvrj airo rrjs opas eKeLvrjs. Kat eAt/W o 
'Irycrovs ets tt}v otKtav tov apxpvros Kat tocov rovs avX^ras 

24 Kat tov o;(Xoi/ OopvfiovjJLevov eXeyev Ava^wpetrc, ov yap 
direOavev to KopdcrLOV aXXa KaOevSeL 9 Kat KareyeXw avrov. 

25 ore Se e£ef3Xrj9r] 6 o^Xos, eto-eX^cDi/ eKpdrrjcrev rrjs X €L P^ 

26 avrrjs, Kat rjyepOr] to Kopacrtov. Kat e^rjXOev rj <j>7]jjLrj r av- 

27 Try" 1 cts 0A.77V r?)v yr;v eKeivrjv. Kat -jrapdyovrL 
eKeWev r<3 'I^crov yKoXovOrjo-av T 8vo rv<f>Xol Kpd^ovres 

28 Kat Xcyovrcs 'EXc^crov *7/xas, r vt€ n AavctS. eX^ovrt Sc 
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o It?o~ovs Iltcrrcvere ort r Svi/a/xat rovro 1 7TOLr)o~aL ; Xcyovcrtv tovto dvvanai 

29 avrw Nat, Kvptc. rore yxj/aTor^v 6cj>0aXjJL(2v avruv Xeywv 

30 Kara r?7i/ ttlo-tlv vjjlqjv yevrjdrjroi vyu.tr. Kat tfveiixOrjcrav 



avTq> 
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22 KATA MA09AION IX X 

avTiov ct oc/>#aX/i.ot. Kat €V€J3pifi7]9r] avrots 6 'Irjcrovs 
Xiywv 'OpaTC fArjSels ytv (x)(TK€T(ii' ol Se i^eXOovres Stecfirj/JLL- 31 
crav avrov iv oXrj rrj yfj €K€Lvrj. Avrcov Se e£cp- 32 

■^ojJL€va)V ISov 7rpo<T7]veyKav avrco kum^ov Sat/xovt£d/x€7/ov kcll 33 
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'lo-pa^X. [ot Se <J>aptcratot eXeyov 'El/ ra> apyovn 7W 34 
Satju,oj/(W €KJ3dXXcL rd 8atp.dvta. ] 

Kat rrepifjyev o lrjcrovs ras TroXcts 7racras Kat ras Kw/xas, 35 
StSao-KCDV er rat? (rwaycoyats avrwi/ Kat Krjpvcnjojv to cvay- 
yiXiov tt;? /2acrtXetas Kat 6epairevu>v rrdcrav vocrov Kat 
iracav [xaXaKiav. 'iScoi/ Se totjs o^Xovs €0-7rXay- 36 

Xvlo~6yj 7T€pl avr<ov oTt T^crav io-KvXfxivot Kat ept/x/xe^ot 
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fjLaO-qrcls avrov 'O /xey ^eptcr/xds 7roXvs, ot 8c cpyarat dXt- 
yor 8e7]6r]T€ ovv tgv Kvptov rov Oepiafiov 07ra)s €KJ3dXr) cpya- 38 
rag ets rov Oeptcfiov avrov. Kat TrpoaKaXeaafievos tovs i 
8o)Sc/<a fxadrjrds avrov eSwKev avrots i^ovatav 7rv€Vfxdroyv 
aKaOdprwv ojcrre iKfidXXew avra Kat Oeparreueiv 7rdo~av vo- 
crov Kat 7rdcrav fxaXaKtav. Ttov 8e otoSeKa aVo- 2 
otoXwv to, ovofiard lartv ravra* 7rptoros 'XtfKov 6 Xcyd/xcvos 
Uirpos Kat 'AvSpias 6 aSeX(/>os avrov Kat 'iaKw/^os d 
tov ZefieSatov Kat 'Icoav^s d aSeX<£ds avrov, ^>tXt7T7ros 3 
Kat Bap#oXo/zato9, ®a)/xas Kat Ma##atos d TtXwvqs, 'laKw- 
h Aeppahs h /Jos d rov e AX<£atov Kat r ©a8Saios~ 1 , 2t/xa)i/ d Kapavcuo? Kat 4 
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rovs rovs 8w8cKa aTrecrretXei/ d 'Iiycrcvs 7rapayyetXas avrots 
Xeycov 

Ets 080V iOvwv fir) diziXOriTC^ Kat ets 7rdXti> ^a/mapeiriov 
ixrj tlo-eXOrjrf iropevcaOe 8e fxaXXov 7rpds TA TTpoBATA TA 6 
AnoAooAOTA OIKOy'lcpAHA. 7ropevd/xevot SeKrjpvo-crereXi- 7 
yovrts on ^HyytKcv y fiavikua tcov ovpavuv. dcrOevovvras 8 



KATA MA00AION 



2 3 



7rpo< 



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Oepa-rreveTe, veKpovs eyetpere, Xetrpovs KaOapi^ere, Sat/xoVta 

9 eK/^dAAere* StopeaV iXdj3ere, SwpeaV Sore. M17 KTrjo-rjaOe 

Xpwov firj&e apyvpov firjSe ^aXKov eh ras £covas cJ/xcor, 

10 lltj TTTjpav eh 0S0V /x^Se Svo ^trdJi/a? /x^Se V7roSrjjjLara 

11 /r^Se pd/38ov d£tos yap 6 ipydrrjs rrj? Tpo<f>r}s avrov. eh 
rjv S av 7t6Xlv rj kwlitjv elcreXOrjTe, e^erdcraT€ rts iv avrfj 

12 a£tos i(TTLV KaK€L Liecvare ew? aj/ i^eXOrjTe. elaep^oLievoi 

13 Se ets tt)v olklolv dcnrdcracrOe avrrjv Kal idv fxev rj r] otKta 
a£ta, eAuaro) rj eiprjvr] vjjlojv ew avrrjv eav be liyj y afta, 77 

14 elprjvrj vfxwv r e<£ i;/xas eVto-Tpac/>?7Ta>. Kal os ay /xt} 
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e£a) t-jJs oIklols r) rrjs iroXews eKeivrjq eKTtvd^are tov kovl- 

15 oprov tujv ttooqjv vllwv. djxrjv Aeya> vjxiv, dveKTorepov 
ecrrat yrj 2o0o/xa>j/ Kat Yofioppuiv iv rjLiepa Kptcrecos r) rfj 

16 7roAet eKEivrj. Iogv eyco a7rccrreAAa> v/xas ws 
Trp6/3aTa iv fteo"a> AvkooV ytveo~6e ovv cjypovtfxoi ws r ot octets 1 

17 /cat a/<epatot ws at 7reptOTepat. 7rpoo~eyeTe Se aVd twv aV- 
6pu>7ra>v' 7rapa$uxrovcrLV yap vfxas eh crvveSpca, Kal iv rats 

18 owaycoyats avrwv fxa(TTiyo}(TOVcriV u/xaV Kat iiri rjyejJLovas 
Se Kat f3a<Ti\eh d^OrjcrecrOe eve«ev ifxov ets Liaprvpcov ai3- 

19 rots Kat rots eOveaiv. orav Se 7rapaSaxrtv i5/xas, /xt; /xept- 
jjivrjcrYjre ttws ^ rt XaXrjcrrjTe' SoOrjo-eraL yap v/juv iv iKeivrj 

20 ttJ copa rt XaXrjcrrjre' gv yap vjjieh icrre ol XaXovvres 
dXXd to TTvevLia tov 7rarpos vjjlidv to XaXovv iv v/juv. 

21 TrapaSoxret Se d$eX<f>os d$eXcf)ov eh Gavarov koX itarrjp re- 
kvov, Kat r iiravao-TrjcrovTaC TeKva e7rt yovets Kat OavaTw- 

22 o~ovo~lv avrovs. Kal eaecrOe LiLorovLievoL V7r6 iravTuv Sta to 
ovojmd llov 6 Se vwoLietvas eh TeXos ovtos crwOrjcreTaL. 

23 orav Se StwKwcrtr vllols iv Trj 7rdXet TavTrj, cfrevyere eh ttjv 

erepav ,T aLirjv yap Xeya) vjjuv, ov lit} TeXeorrjre ras 7roXets -\ k&v U Tavrqs 

24 [tovJ lo-parjA ew? eAc/^ o ftos tov avvpuirov. Uvk ecrriv ^evyere eis 7771/ 
fxaOrjTrjs vwep tov SiSdorKaXov ovSe SovAos i;7rep rov Kvptov 

25 avrov. apKerov ra> fJLaOrjTrj Iva yevrjTat o5? d StSdcrKaAos 



e7Tavaa"Tr70"eTa!. 



24 KATA MAGGAION X 

t£ oi*o«e<nr6iT7... CLVTOV, KCLL 6 SovXoS COS O KVptOS avTOV. €t TOV OtKo8€- 



,TOl£ OIKICUCOI? 



tT7rorr;v Bcc^c/JovX €7r€KaXco-av, 7roo-co /xaXXov tovs olkiolkovs^ 
clvtov. firj ovv <f>o/3r]6rJT€ avVovV ov&ev yap ko~Tiv xckgl- 26 
XvfJLfJicvov o ovk diroKaXvcfrOycrtTai, Kal KpvTTTov o ov yva>- 
cr6rj<T€Tai. o Xcyco vfjuv kv ttj tr/coTta, ctirarc cv tco escort * 27 
Kat o cts to ovs aKoveTC, KTjpv^are C7rt tcoV Sco/xdVcov. Kat 28 
/xi) ^o^r]6rJT€ diro tcoV dircKTewovTOiv to tTco/xa t?}v Se 
vsv)(fjv fjLrj Swa/xevoov a7roKT€tvat # ^o/SetaOc Se fiaXXov tov 
Svvdfxevov Kai xf/v^rjv Kal o~co/xa a7roX€0"at ev yekvvrj. ov)(l 29 
8i;o crrpovBia acrcrapcov TrcoXetYat ; Kat ev cf avVcoV ov 7re- 
(retTat €7Ti TTjv yrjv avzv tov Trarpos v/xcoV. v/xcoV Sc /cat 30 
at TpL\c<; rrjs K€cf>aXrj<s iracraL rjpiOjX'qixi.vai ctcrtV. firj ovv 31 

ffrofitlvOe 7ToXXcoV (TTpOvOcOiV 8tac£cp€T€ V/X€tS. IlaS OVV 32 

oarts ofJLoXoyrfaeL kv kfxol efxirpocrOev tcoV dvOpwiroyv, 6/xo- 
Xoyrjcrui Kayco cv avTco €/X7rpoa0ev tov 7rarp6s /xov tov ci/ 
Tots ovpai/ots* oorts r 8e n dpvyjcrYjTaL xt€ €/x7rpocr6€V tcoV aV- 33 
6p(i>7r(xiv } dpvTjcrofJLai Kayco avTov €/x7rpocT0€V tov irarpos /xov 
tov ey Tots ovpavots. Mt} vofxccrrjT€ on tjXOov 34 

/SaXtiv elptfvrjv C7rt T)}v ytyV ovk ^X#ov /?aXctv clpijvrjv 
aXXa fid^atpav. rjXOov yap St^acrat dvBpunrov KATA TOY 35 
TTATpOC AyTof KAI OyfATepA KATA THC MHTpOC AyTHC 
KAI NYM(f)HN KATA THC TTeNGepAC AyTHC, KAI e^OpOl TOf 36 
AN9pooTTOY 01 OIKIAKOI AyTOf- 'O c/>tXcoV irarkpa r\ fxrj- 37 
Tepa v7rep k/xe ovk ccttlv jjlov agios' Kal 6 <£tXcoV vtov rj 
Ovyaripa \nr\p kfxe. ovk ccttlv jjlov a£tos* Katos ov Xatt- 38 
pav€L tov o~Tavpov avTov Kal aKoXovOei O7rto"co ctov, ovk I- 
CTtv fxov a^to?. o cvpcor T971/ \j/v)(r)v avTov aVoXccret avTijv, 39 
Kat o aTroXeo-as ttjv xI/v^tjv avTov eveKev kfxov cvp^crct av- 
tt; 7 /. O 8e^octevos v/xas ctte Se^eTat, Kat o c/xc 40 

Sc^o/xcvos Se^eTat tov aVocrTetXavTa /xc. o Sc^o/xcvos 7rpo- 41 
<fn]Trjv 6ts ovofxa irpo^rjiov fxtcrOov 7rpocj)7]Tov X^/xi^CTat, Kat 
o Se^o/xcvos StKatov cts ovo/xa StKatov fjucrdov StKatov X77/X- 
ij/CTau Kat 6s av 7roTLcrr) eva tcoV /xtKpcor tovtcov iroTTjpiov 42 



XXI 



KATA MAB9AI0N 



25 



ijruxpov fiovov ek ovofia paOrjrov, dprjv Aeyw vfxiv, ov fxrj 
r airo\i(rrj tov fiicrOov^ avrov. 

Kai iyevero ore ereXea-ev 6 'lrjcrovs Siarao-ow rots Sw- 
Sc/ca fjia6rjTaiS airov, fJLere/3rj UeWev tov Mdo-Kuv Kal 
Kr]pv<T(reLV iv rats TroXeatv avro>v. 



-iairoAijTCU 6 



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4 ct d epxp/xevos r) erepov 7rpo<r8o/cc3/x€V ; Kal airoKptOels o 
'I^crovs €t7rcv clvtols HopevOevres drrayyeiXaTe Iwavct a 

5 (XKOV€T€ Kal /3Xe7TCTe' TY(j)AOI AN<\BA6TT0YCIN KaV ^0)Xot dvapkitrovaiv 
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6 Kal V€Kpol iyeipovrat Kal T7T00)(OI €YAn~€AlZONT<M' Kal fia- 

7 Kaptos icTTLV 6s av /xt) crKavSaXtcrOfj iv ifxoL Tov- 
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8 Xajjiov viro dvifjiov aaXevofievov ; aAAa Tt e$rjX6aTe iSeuv ; 
dv6pu)irov iv fxaXaKois rjfxtpLecrpLevov ; tSov ot ra /xaAa/ca 

9 <f>opovvTes iv rols oIkols t<qv /3ao~LXed)V. aXXd tl i^rjX- 
6are ; 7rpo<j>7]rr]v I8e2v ; vat, Aeyw 17x11/, Kai Trepicro'orepov 

io 7rpo<pi]Tov. ovros iorrtv irepl ov yeyparrrai 

3 Iaoy eR*> attoctcAAoo ton Afr^AoN moy npo npoca)- 

noy coYj 

OC kATACK€YAC6l THN OAON COY €MTTpOC06N COY- 
ii ajJirjv Xeyu) vjxlv, ovk iyyjyeprai iv yevvrjTols yvvaiKwv jxei- 

£<i)V 'itodVoV TOV fiaTTTLCTTOV' 6 Se fJUKpOTCpOS iv rfj /3acTi- 

12 Aeia T<2v ovpavwv fxetfav avrov icrriv. aVd Be. rwv rjfxepiov 

Iwdvov tov /3a7TTLcrTov ca)s apTL rj fiacriXeia tu>v ovpavwv 

13 /Staler at, /cat (Stacrral dpira^ovcnv avryjv. irdvres yap 61 

14 Trpo(\>rJTai Kal 6 v6fxo<s Iws 'Icaavov iirpotpyTevorav' Kal el 

15 OeXere Se^aaOat, avros io-nv 'HActas d [xeXXuiv cp^ccr^at. 'O 

16 e^wv <3ra aKovercx). TtVt Se d/xotwcra) tt}^ ycrcai/ Tavrrjv ; 



26 RATA MAGOAION XI XII 

ofioia iarlv Tratotots KaOrjfxivois iv rats ayopats a 7rpocrd>(0- 

VOVVTd TOtS CTCpOtS XiyOVCTLV 17 

HvXyjaajjiev i5p.tr kolI ovk iDp^yjaaaOe' 

i6pr)V7](Tajjiev Kat ovk cKoi^acr#c* 
r)\0€V yap 'loaves fxyjrc €O~0lo)V p,r)r€. 7rtVa)j/, Kat Xiyovoriv 18 
Aaijuovtov €^ef tjXOzv 6 vlos rov av8p6nrov icrOtcov /cat 19 
ttlvcov, kolI Xeyovcriv 'iSov av0po)7ros <£ayos Kat olvoTrorrjs, 
rzXwvwv <£tAos Kat dfiaprutXtov. Kat e$iKai<j*6r] rj o"o<£ta aVo 
Ap. r<ov epywv avrfjs. Tore -qp^aro oveihi&iv rag 20 

7roXet5 kv at? iyivovro al TrActcrrat Swaptcts avrov, ort oi3 
fxerevorjcrav' Ovai croi, Xopa£ctV ouat (rot, 'BrjOo-ouSdv' 21 
07t ct cV Tvpw Kat 2tSwi/t iyivovro at Swap-ct? at yevofie- 
vat iv vpuv, irdXai av iv colkkco Kat o"7roSu> p, ere vorjcrav. 
TrXrjv Aeyco vjjuv, Tupa> Kat 2t§wvt aj/CKTorcpoi/ co-rat cV 22 
TjfJLepa Kptcrccog 7; v/xtv. Kat cry, Kac/>api/aoup,, p.?) eooc 23 
oypANof yyoo6hch; eooc AAoy kataBhch. otl d iv %oS6- 
fiois iyevrjOrjcrav al SiWp,cts at ycvo/xej/at Iv croi, e/JL€iV€V 
av p-cXP 1 T1 7 s 0-yjp.cpov. irXrjv Acyou i;p.tj/ ort yij 2oSop,a)i/ 24 

aV€KTOT€pOV CCFTai €1/ 7}fA€pa KptVcCO? 7^ (TOt. 

'El/ €KCtV(l) TO) KatpW a7TOKpt^CtS O 'i^CTOV? CtTTCI/ 'E£op,0- 25 

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tKpvij/as ravra diro croc/xoi/ Kat o-wctw, Kat aVcKaAi/^as 
airra vrj-n-cots' vat, o Trarrjp, on ovro^s cuooKta iyivero ep,- 26 
7rpoo~9iv o~ov. Jldvra fioi TrapzhoOr) vtto rov Trarpos p.ov, 27 
Kat oi5Sets cVtytvcxTKCt rov rtov ct fxrj 6 irarrjp, ovSe rov 
irartpa Tts c7rtyti/a>o-Kct ct jxrj o vlos Kat a> lav /3ovXrjrai o 
rtoq aTTOKaXvij/at. Acvrc 7rpos p,c 7ravrcs ot KOTnuvrts Kat 28 
< 7TC^>opTtcrp,ei/ot, Kayw aVa7rai;cra) vp-as. aparc rov ^uyor ptov 29 
e<^) ?jp,as Kat pta^ere cctt' ep^oi), oTt Trpavs ctp.t Kat Ta7rctvo5 
TtJ KapSta, Kat 6YpHC€T6 ANAHAYCIN TA?C YYX^ C YMOON* o 30 
yap fuyos p-ov xPV G " ro< > KaL TO ^opriov fxov iXacf>pov lariv. 

Ev cKCtva) T(5 KatpJ) iiroptvOr] o 'I^croi;? Tot? o~df3/3ao~LV 1 
8ta tc3v o-n-opifAMV 61 Sc /xaOrp-al avrov i7ruvacrav, Kat 



XII RATA MAG0AION 27 

2 rjp£avro tlXXclv o~rd^yas Kat icrOUtv. ot ce <£apto-atot t- 
Sovtcs €t7rar avTQ) 'iSoi) ot jJLaOrjrai crov Trotoucrtv o ot;k ?^€- 

3 (TTLV 7T0t€LV Iv (TafS^OLTCO. O §€ €t7T€l> aVTots OvK dveyvtO- 

re rt i7TOLr}(T€V AavetS ore hreivavsv Kat oi /xcr' avroi) ; 

4 ttcos elarjXOev els roV otKOf tou #€o{> Kat TOyC ApTOyc THC 
rrpoGeceoac ecfrayov, o oi;/< cfoV 77V axVa) <£ayetv ov8e rots 

5 /X€T aVTOV €L /XT? TOtS iep€Wtl> [JLOVOLS ', 7] OVX OLVCyVU>T€ Zv 

rco vd/xw on rots cra/3/?aa-tv oi tepets c^ tw lep<2 to cra/3- 

6 fioiTOV /3e/3r}Xovcnv kcu aj/atrtot elcnv ; Aeyw 8e vplvbri 

7 tou tcpcu /x€t£oV earcv <SSe. et Se eyvtoKCtre tlco-tlv EAeoc 
GeAoa Ka) of GyciAN, ovk aV KareSiKao-are rovs aVat- 

8 rcovs. Kvpcos yap eartv rov cra/3/3arov d mo? rov ai/- 

9 6pu)7rov. Kat /xera/Jas eKetdev rjXOev els rrjv 
io crvi/aywyTyv avrcGv* kcu, tSou dvOp(i)7ros X c ^P a ^X 001 ' i r JP av - KaL 

€7rr)pu>-r}crav avrov Xeyovres Et e^ean rot? crdf3/3ao-Lv Nepa- 
li Treueti' ; tVa KaryyopyaoiO-iV avrov. 6 8e €t7rci/ auTot? Tt's 
[carat] e£ •J/xajy aV#pa)7ros os Ifct wpofiarov ev, /cat eaV e/x- 
7recn7 tovto rots ordpfiacnv els fioOvvov, ov^L Kparrjcrei avrd 

12 /cat eyepei ; 7rdcraj oSr Stac/>epet dv6p<x>7ros rrpofiarov. o>ctt€ 

13 e^eartv rots crdfifiacriv KaXcos 7rot€tv. Tore Aeyct to> av- 
6p(jjirto *~Ekt€Iv6v o~ov rrjv x e **P a * Ka * Z^ereivev, Kat aVeKa- 

14 recrrdOrf vyirjs 009 77 dXXrj. 'Y*£eX66vTes Se ol ^apt- 
o~atot ctvijl/3ovXlov eXa/3ov Kar avrov ottcds aiirov a7roXco"co- 

15 crti/. '0 8e 'I^croi;? yvoi;? dve^uiprjerev eKtlOev. 
Kat TjKoXovOrjaav avrdo 7roXXot y Kat lOepditevo'ev avrovs 

16 7ravTa5, Kat €7T€TL/JLr]o~€V avrols ti/a /xt; <fiavepov avrov 

17 7TOLr)or(DcriV tva irXiqpoiOrj to pr)6\v hid 'Hcratov rov 7rpo- 
<j>rjrov Xeyovros 

18 'lAOY 6 HA?C MOY ON HpeTICA, 

ArAnHTOc moy on eyAoKHceN h yyxh moy* 

BHCOO TO HN6YMA MOY €Tf AyTON, 

KAI KpiCIN TO?C 60N6CIN AnArfeAei. 

10 OyK epicei oyAe KpAyfAcei, 



28 RATA MA9GAI0N XII 

oyAe AKoycei tic eN ta?c ttAateiaic thn ((xjonhn 

aytoy. 

KAAAMON CYNT6Tp!MM6N0N of KATGAlei 20 

kai Ainon ty4>omgnon of cBecei, 

eooc an IkBaAh eic nikoc thn KpiciN. 

KAI TO) ONOMATI AyTOf lONH eAniofciN. 21 

Kpo(Tr)V€x&T} avTy Tot€ r 7rpo(rnveyKav avro) haiixovL^ouevov TvebXov Kat 22 

OaLfJLOVl^6fJL€VO<; f lit LI 

Tv<j>kbs koX kw^o's Kcoc^oy^ Kat iOcpdirevaev avTcv, ware tov K(i)<j)6v AaActy 

koL pXiireiv. Kat i^taTavTO irdvTes ol oxXot Kat eXcyov 23 
Mifri ovto? corty d mds AauetS ; 01 8e ^aptcratot cikoi;- 24 
o-ayres ct7roy Ovros ovk €K/3aAAct rd Sat/xdyta ct /xrj iv tw 
Bcc£c/3ot)A dp^ovTL rwv 8at//,oytW. EtScos 8e ras cy#i;- 25 
jxijcr^LS avT<ov elwev avTOts Ilacra /BaatXcia pLepLoStLcra 
Kaf eavTrjs iprjfxovTai, Kat irdcra ttoXis rj ot/aa /xcpto-#eto-a 
Ka#' iavrfjs ov (TTaOqaeTcu. Kat ct o SaTayas roi/ SaTayay 26 
€KJ3dXXeL, cc/>' kavTov ipcpccrOrj' 7rt3s ovv crraOrjcreTai rj 
/^acrtAeta avTOu ; Kat ct cyco ey Bee^c/^ovA €KJ3dXXo) rd 27 
SatpLovioL, ol viol vpu2v iv tlvl Ik^oXXovo'iv ; Ota tovto 
avrol KpLTal torovrai vpiuyv, ct Sc iv 7rvcvp,aTL 6eov cyio 28 
€KJ3dXXu) rd Satpiovta, dpa tcfrOaatv icf> i5/xas 77 /?acriActa 
to{I 6eov. rj TTws Svvarat rts cto-cA#cty cts T7)y oIklclv tov 29 
lo^upoi; Kat ra ctkzvy) clvtov ap7racrat, cay /xt) 7rpa)Toy 8770-77 
tov la^ypov ; Kat tot€ tttjv oiklolv clvtov 8tap7rao"ct. d jut} 30 
coy /x€T c/xoi> Kar c/xov ccrrty, Kat d /at; cruyaytoy /xcr' c/xod 
G7cop7rt£ct. Ata tovto Acyto -J/xty, iracra a/xaprta Kat /3Aa- 31 
vfilv crc/)77/xta afaOrjo-eTdL T rot? ay^ptoVots, 77 8e tou 7rvevp.a- 

tos /3Aacr<£r7/xta ctjk dcj^edrjaeTat. Kat os cay cnr?7 Adyoy Ka- 32 
Ta tov utov tov dvOp&irov, dcfyeOrjacTai ai5ra>' os 8' dv €L7rrj 
ov /xtJ a<^>e^ Kara tov 7TTCvjLtaros to£> dytov, f ovk dcfaeOrjcrcTai? avT<2 ovt€ 

iv TovTto tco al(ZvL ovt€ iv Tip piiXXovTL. *H 33 

irotijcraTe to SevSpov kolXov Kat Toy Kapirov clvtov kclXov, rj 
iroirjcraTZ to OevSpov aairpov Kat tov Kapirov avTov crenrpov' 
Ik yap tov Kapirov to SivSpov ytycuo-KCTat. yeyi/77/xaTa e^t- 34 



XII KATA MA00AION 29 

SvwVj 7Tw? ^vvaa'Oe aya#a AaAetv Trovrjpol ovres; €/c yap tov 

35 7T€ptcro"€i;/xaTos tt^s /capStas to crro/xa AaAet. o aya#o? 
avOpuyiros Ik tov dyaOov Orjaavpov cic/fa'AAci ayaOd, /ecu 7c 
o 'jrovT/pos av6pa)tr05 €*c tov irovripov frqeravpov €/c/3aAr- 

36 Act irovrjpd. Aeyw Se i5/xu/ oTt 7raV p^p-a a!pyoV o XaA?y- 
crorcrtj/ ot aV#pa)7rot, aVoSaxrovcrtv 7rept airroi; Aoyov ev 

37 rjpiepa Kptcrcws* e/e yap Tajr Aoyoji/ c"oi> St/catojc^o-^, /eat c/c 
toji/ Xoycov crou KaTaStKacrOrjarj. 

38 Tot€ (XTreKpiOrjcrav avrw Ttves twi> ypap/xaTeW /cal * 
<£apto"ata)V Aey ovt€? AtSao~/caAe, OiXopiev aVo o~ov o-rj/Jieiov 

39 tSctv. o 8e a7TOKpt0ei<s eartv clvtols Tevta Trovrjpa /cat p,ot- 
^aAts crrjfxeiov hriQqTzi, /ecu, (rrjfxelov ov SodrjcreraL avrrj el 

40 per} to o-rjpLecov 'Iwra tov 7rpo<f>r]TOv. ojenrep yap hn'Ioo- 
NAC 6N TH KOlAlA TOY KHTOYC Tp€?C HMepAC KAI Tpe?C 
NYKTAC, ovTws loTat o mos tov dvOpdrrov iv rfj /capSta t??s 

41 y^9 Tpcts rjjjiepa% /cat, Tpcts vv/cTas. aVSpes NtvcvetTat dva- 
orrjaovT at iv rrj /cpto~ct /xcTa rrjs yeveas ravrrjs Kal Kara- 
Kpivovcrw avrrjV otl [JLCTevorjo-av cts to KTjpvypLa Ia)vd, /cat 

42 tSov 7rActov Ian/a ojSc. /?acrt'Atcrcra votov iyepOrjo-erai kv 
rfj /cpto~€t p.€Ta t^5 yeved? TavTrjq Kal /caTa/cpo'ct aVTTjV 
otl rjXOev £k to3i/ 7repaT(i)V ttJs y^s d/coucrat t^ aocj>Lav 2o- 

43 Ao/zojvos, /cat tSoi) 7rAetov 2oAop,o3vos cjSc. "OTar 
8e to OLKaOapTOV 7rvevfxa i^iXOrj aVo tov av6p(x)7rov, Ste'p- 
ytTai hi dvvSpuiV to7tgji> tprjrovv aVdVawtf, Kal ov% cupt- 

44 cr/cct. totc Aeyet Ets tov oIkov jjlov lirio-Tpexpo} oOev 
i£r}\6ov' Kal iXOov cuptV/cct cryoXd^ovTa [/cat] crto-apwjxevov 

45 Kat KeKOO-jxrjpLevov. totc 7ropev€Tai Kal TrapaXafifidvzi /xe#' €- 
avTOi) €7TTa €T6pa 7rvevfJiaTa TrovrjpoTcpa eavrov, Kal elaeX- 
OovTa KaTGiKti €K€t- /cat ytvcTat tcl eo-^ara tov dvOpwirov 
€Keivov ^etpova tojv 7rpojTO)V. Ovtoj? coTat /cat ttJ yevea 
TavTrj Trj 7rovrjpa. 

46 "Eti avrov AaAovi/TOS Tots o^Aots tSoi) ?y ^VTVP kcl ^ 
ol a8cAc/)ot aurov lo~TT t Kucrav I^oj ^tov^tcs auTa) XaXij- 



30 KATA MA00AION XII XIII 

* crat. d Se aVoKpt#ets et7rei/ tw Xiyovrt ai>Tu> Tt-s 48 

l(TTiv rj /jltJtyjp fxov, Kat TtVes eta-lf ot aSeX<£ot fiov ; 
/cat eKTetVas ttJv X € ^P a [ a ^ ro ^] **"* toi)s fiaOrjrds au- 43 
toO ct7r€V 'iSou y p.r]rr\p /jlov Kat ot o!SeXc/>ot fiov' 
oorts yap aV ttoltJctyj to OiXrjfJia tov Trarpos ftov tov 50 
eV ovpavots, avTos fxov aSeXc/>ds Kat aSeXc/>?7 Kat firjrrjp 

IcTTLV. 

e.'c . 'Ei/ tt} rjpiipa Zkclvy] i£eX6u>v 6 Irjcrovs T rrjs otKtas 1 

iKadrjro 7rapa r^i/ #aXao~crai/* /cat crvvy^Orjorav 7rpds auToi/ 2 
o^Xot 7roXXot, a)(TT€ auToV ets 7rXotoi/ ZjJLJSo.vTa Ka6rjo~6ai, 
Kat 7ras o o^Xos eVt Toy atytaXov tor^Ket. Kat iXaXrjcrev 3 
aurots 7roXXa eV 7rapa/3oXats Xeya>v 'iSoi) i£rjX8ev 6 arreip^v 
ro{? CTTretpetv. Kat eV to) cnrtLpeiv avrbv a /xev eirecrev 7rapa 4 
^Afiov to jrereti/a tt}i/ 0S0V, Kat r eA#oVTa ret 7reTetva n Karecjxxyev avrd. dXXa 5 
Se €7rc<jev e7rt ra TrerputSrj 07roi; ot;k et>(ei/ y/71/ ttoAA^i/, Kat 
ei;#ea)s e^aveVetXei/ Sta to /xt} e^etv /3d8o<; y^g, r)XLov Se 6 
aVaretAavros iKavpLaTLadrj Kat Sta to //,?} c^ctv pt£ai/ e- 
$rjpdv6rj.. aXXa Se e7reo~€i/ eVt TasaKaV^a?, Kat dvi/3rjo~av at 7 
invigav aKai/#at Kat r diTCTrvi^av^ avrd. aXXa Se eVeo-ey eVt rr\v yy\v 8 

T171/ KaX?)i/ Kat eSt'Soi; Kap7roV, o /xcv eKaTov o Se k^rjKov- 
Ta o oe TptaKOVTCL. (J e^wv cora aKoi>€T<o. Jvat 

7rpoo-eX6ovT£S ot fJLa6rjral et7rav avTU) Ata ta eV 7rapa/3oXats 
avTot? AaXets avTOts; d 8c aVoKpt#ets et7rei> T OTt 'Y/xtv SeSoTat n 

yi/o3i/at Ta ixvcnrjpia ttjs jSaortXctag twi/ oupai/a)^, eKetVots 
Se ot; Se'SoTat. ocrTts yap e^et, 80^770-eTat aiiiw Kat Trepicr- 12 
crevurjcrcTaL' bares Se ot;k e^et, Kat o e^et dpOrjcrtTai d-ir av- 
rov. Sta tovto ev 7rapa^oXat? a^Tots XaXw, OTt /?Xe7ro^T€S 13 
ov (iXiirovcrw Kat aKovovTes oi5k aKoi;oi;o"tv o^Se ervviovenv' 
Kat avaTrXrjpovTaL avro'Ls tj irpocf>r]T€ta Hcratov rj Xeyovcra 14 
'AkOH AK0YC8T6 KAI OY MH CYNHTG, 

kai BAenoNTec BAeyeTe kai oy mh iAht£. 

* eiTT€^ 54 Ti? aura) *I5ov r) M^P crov Ka ^ °^ a^eX^oC <tov e^co ca-nqKacriv ^Tourre? (rot XaX?}crat. 



XIII RATA MA98AI0N 31 

15 6TTAXYN6H T^P H KApAlA TOY A<*of TOYTOY, 

KAI TOIC d)CIN BApeOOC HKOYCAN, 

KAI TOYC 64>6aAMOYC AYTOON 6KAMMYCAN* 
MH TT0T6 lAOOCIN TOIC O^GaAMOIC 
KAI TO?C OOCIN AKOYCOOCIN 
KAI TH KApAlA CYNtoCIN KAI eniCTpe^CjOCIN, 
KAI IACOMAI AYTOYC. 

16 vfitZv 0£ /xaKctptot 01 6<fc0aXpLol on fSXeTrovcriv, Kal tcl wra 

17 [u/xwi/] on aKOUoucrti''. d}xrjv yap Xeyu) vplv otl 7ro\\ol irpo- 
cj>rjr ai kcu Slkcllol iTreOvpaqcrav ihelv a fiXeTrere kcu ovk elSav, 

18 kcu ciKovcrcu a aKOvere kcu ovk yjKovcrav. 'Y/xets 

19 ovv di<ovcrare rrjv 7rapaj3oXrjv rov cnreipavros. Havros 
clkovovtos tov Xoyov rrjs /3ao~<Aeias kcu /xt) o~uvl€vtos, %PX € ~ 
rat 6 7rovr)pos Kal ap7ra£et to iarrapfxevov iv rfj KapSia 

20 avrov ' ovtos icrriv 6 rrapd rrjv 0S0V anraptis. 6 Se eirl rd 
TrerpojSrj cnrapetSy ovros icrriv 6 rov Xoyov aKOvwv kcu evOvs 

21 fJLtTcl \apas XajxfidvoJV avrov ovk e^ci Se pLt,av iv lavrui 
aAAa 7rpoo-Kaipos icrriv, yevofiivrjs Se OXiij/euis r) Sicoy/xou 

22 Sia tov Xoyov evOvs crKavhaXil^erai. 6 Se ets ras aKavOaq 
cnrapeis, ovros icrriv o rov Xoyov aKOvwv kcu rj /nepifxva 
tov alwvos kcu 7j aTrarrj rov 7rXovrov o-vvrrviyei rov Xoyov, 

23 kcu aKaprros ytverau. 6 Se irrl rrjv KaX-qv yrjv cnrapeis, 
ovros icrriv 6 rov Xoyov dt<ovu)V Kal crvvitis, os Srj Kapiro- 
cbopei Kal rroiei o p\v eKarov o Se iirjKovra o Se rpiaKovra. 

24 AXXrjv rrapafioXrjV 7rapi6rjK€v avrois Xiywv c £Ijjlolu>- 
Orj tj /SacnXua rwv ovpavwv di/#pco7ra) cnrcipavn KaXov cnrep- 

25 fxa iv to) aypw avrov, iv Se ra> Ka6ev$€iv rovs dv6pu>7rovs 
rjXOtv avrov 6 ixOpos Kal iirecnrEip^v ^t^dvia dvd fxecrov 

26 rov ctltov Kal dirrjXOev. ore Se i/3Xdo~r'qcrev 6 -)(6pros Kal 

27 Kapirov i7rotr]o~€Vy rore icfaavr] Kal rd £i£(xVia. irpocrcX- 
vovrcs Se ol SovXol rov OLKoSecnrorov elrrov avrco Kvptc, 
ov)(L KaXov o-rripfia ecnreipas iv ra> v<2 dypQ ; rrdOev ovv 

28 tyti ^dvia ; d 8e ecj>rj avro7s 'E^^pos dvQpomos tovto 



32 



RATA MA00AION 



XIII 



iTTOLrjcrev. ol Se clvtw Xiyovcnv ©cAas ow oVcA^oVtcs 
o~vXXe£(i)fJLev avrd ; 6 hi <f>r]criv Ov, pufj 7TOT€ avXXiyov- 29 
T€S Tot £i£dVia iKpt^wcrrjTe a/xa avTois toV chtoj/* ac/>€T€ 30 
«?xpt ». m<U?"- o~vvavt>dv<.o~$ai d/x</>orcpa r ca)s n tou Oepto-pLov- kolI eV Ka&py 
tov OeptajJiov kpto rols OeptaTOLS S^AAefaTe 7roa)TOV rd £i£a- 
wa /cat Syaare avrd [ets] Seoyxas 7roos to KaraKaucrat aura, 

awaya-y^re TO^ &€ CTtTOV r O*Way€T€ n €19 TtJk aTTodlJKrjV fJLOV. *AA- 31 

A77V irapafioXrjv 7rap£9r)Kev olvtols Xkywv 'O/xoia eWtj/ ?; 
fiacriXeLa twv ovpaviov kokkio o~tva7rca>s, ov Xaf3d>v dv6pu)7ros 

€(T7r€Lp€V €V TW OLyp<2 CLVTOV' 6 JJLLKpOT€pOV fJL€V IdTLV TTOLVTIOV 32 

twj/ o-7T€p/xara)i/, oVai> Se av^rjOrj /xei£oj/ ra)y Xa^avcov €Cttii> 
*ai yiWai ScvSpov, wore cA0€ii/ TA TTfcTeiNA, Tof OypANOy 
Kal katackhnoTn In to?c kAaAoic AyTof. "AA- 33 

A^v 7rapaf3oXrjv [eAaAT/crev avrots]' 'O/xoi'a ecrrtv 77 /3acri- 
Aeia T(3i/ ovpava)!/ £u/x?7, ^ Xa/Sovcra yvvrj kveKpvij/ev cis 
aAeupou craYa T/na coos ov ktyputidy) bXov. Taura 34 

7rdvTa kXdXrjcrtv 6 'Irjcrovs kv 7rapaf3oXat<; rots o^Aot?, /cat 
\(i)pls irapaj3oXf)s ov5ev kXdXei glvtols* 07tgos TrXrjpwOrj to 35 
■Ho-aiov?/^.. prjOev Std T tov TrpocfyrjTOV Aeyovro? 

'AnOIIOl) 6N TTApABoAAIC TO CToW MOY, 

epeylOMAi K€KpyMMeN<\ aho kataBoAhc. 
Totc dcj>ds toi)s o^Aovs rjXOev cts t^v olklov. Kat 36 
7rpoarjX6av aura) ol fJLaOrjTcu avroO AeyovTCs £uao~d<f>Y]crov 
rjjjiLV ttjv 7rapa/3oXrjv tgoV £i£avLu>v tov dypov. 6 Se oVo- 37 

KplOcLS €L7TeV O 0~7T€Lp(xiV TO KGlAoV 0"7T€p/Xa €0~TII/ O UIOS 

tov dvOpwTTov 6 8e dypos io~Tiv d koot/jlos' to Se KaAoi/ 38 
o"7rep/xa, ovTOt cto"tv ot vtot T>ys pacriAetas* Ta 0€ ^t^a^ta 
€tcrt]/ ot viol tov 7Tovr)pov y 6 Sk l^Opos 6 aTretpas avTa 39 
io~TLV 6 8ta/?oAos* o 8e OepicrjJLOs avvTeXeta aluivos Icttlv, 
ol he Oepio-Tol dyyeXoi etcrtv. wo-irep ovv o-vXXiyeTac Ta 40 
^it,dvta koll irvpl KaraKaUrau ovtws ecrTai kv Trj ctvvt€- 
Aeta. tov aliovos' diroaTeXei 6 vlos tov dvBpunrov tovs ay- 41 
yeAovs avTOv, kglL orvXXi^ovo-iv £K Trjs /^ao-tAetas olvtov 



XIII KATA MA00AION 33 

TrdvTd TA CKANAAAA KAI TOYC nOIOyNTAC THN ANOMIAN, 

42 Kat fiaXovcrw avTOvs €ts rrjv Ka/uvov tov irvpos* eKet ecrrat 

43 d KXavdfJios kou 6 /3pvy/xds 7W oSovtojv. Tore 0! AlKAIOI 
6KAA.MyoyCIN gjs d rjXios iv ttj /3a<xt\cta rov 7rarpds 

44 avra)i/. O e^wv cora a/coverw. Opioia lariv 
7/ /3aoriXeta rcov ovpavcDi> 6rj<javp<2 KCKpu/xueVa) iv tw 
ayp<2, bv evpujv avOpuiTros eKpvij/ev, Kal oltto tt}s ^apas 

avTov virayti kclL 7ra>X€t T ocra fya kcu ayopa£ct tov dypov rrdurx 

45 £k€lvov, HdXtv d/Wa Icttiv rj /Sao-tXeia t£>v 

46 ovpavQv T e/x7rdpa) ^yjtovvtl koXovs /xapyaptVas* €vp(x>v Se dvdpu-nto 
eva iroXvTi\x,ov /xapyaptrr/v a7reX6(x)V iriirpaKev irdvTa oca 

47 ei^ei/ Kat rjyopacev avrov. IlaAtv o/xota icTiv 
rj fiaciXzia t<2v ovpavojv cayrjvrj f3Xrj6€icrj cts rrjv OdXac- 

48 crav Kat Ik iravros yeVous cvvay ay ovcy rjv ore iirX-qp^Q-q 
avaj3L/3do-avT€s iirl tov alyiaXov ko\ KaOicavTts cvviXe- 

49 £av toL KaXd els ayyr/, rd 8e ca-rrpa cfco efiaXov. ovtws 
coral iv rfj cvvTtXela tov altovos* i^eXtvcovTat 01 ayye- 

Xoi Kal d(f)OpLOV(TLV TOVS 7TOVrjpOV^ €K /JLZCCV T<JJV SiKat(x)V 

50 Kal /SaXnvctv avTOvs cts rrjv Kapavov tov 7rvpos' e/cet ecrrat 

51 d KXav9fJi6s Kal 6 fipvyfxos twv oSovtwv. 2w- 

52 7]Kar€ ravra Tzdvra\ Xiyovciv ayru> Nat. d 8c r €t7r€y n Xeyec. 
aurots Ata tovto 7ras ypa/x/xaTevs /JLaOrjrevOels rrj fiaci- 

Xeta r<2v ovpavwv o/xotds Icttiv dv8puj7r<p oIko^cttottj ocrrts 
c/c/^aXXct Ik rov Orjcavpov avrov Kaiva Kal 7raXata. 

53 Kat eyeVero ore cTcXeorcv 6 Irjcrovs ras 7rapa/3oXds 

54 ravras, //.err/pei/ CKeWev. Kal iX9wv cts tt)v TraxptSa avrov 
cStSacrKcv aurovs cV tt] cwaywy^ avrojv, were iK7rXrjcr- 
o-€cr#at avrov? Kat Xeyctv TloOev tovt<o rj crocfria ainrj Kal 

55 at Swa/xcts; ov^( ovtos Io~tiv o tov t€ktovos mes; ov% rj 
l^t]T7jp avTov Xeycrat Mapta/x Kat ot aSeXcfaol avTov IaKa>- 

56 ^Sos Kat 'l<Dorr}<f) Kal 2t/xa)v Kat 'lovSas; Kat at a8eX<^>at ^. 
avrov ou^t iracrai 7rpds 77/xas ctcrtV ; 7ro$€V ovv tovtq) Tavra 

sjTrdvTa; Kal £ctk av8a\t£o vro eV ax'rw. d 8e I^crous tnrev 



34 



KATA MA00AION 



XIII XIV 



aVTOLS OvK IcTTlV 7tpO<j)7JT7]^ aTt/XOS €t fAT) €V TTf T 7TaTpt'St 

Kat iv rrj oiKia avrov. Kat ovk irtobqo-ev eKet Swa/xets 
7roXXas Sta r?^ aVtOTtai/ glvtujv. 



7re£o\ 



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'Ev eK£tVa> tw KCLLp<2 r)K.ovcrev 'HpwS^? d T€Tpadp)(r}<z i 
tt?v a/coTyi/ 'I^crou, Kat €t7T€i/ Tots rraicnv avrov Ovtos icrnv 2 
'Ia>dV?7? d f3a7TTi(TT7]V avros -qyipOr] aVd tQv v€Kp<Zv, kcu 
Sta touto at 8wap.ets ivepyovaiv iv avrdo. O yap 'Hpw- 3 
S779 KpaTrjcras rov *Iu>dvr)v eS?ycrei/ Kat eV <f>vXaKr) d.TriOero 
Sta 'HpwStaSa tt}v ywatKa ^iXnnrov rov dSeX<pov avrov, 
cXcyev yap d 'IwdV^s ai'rw Ouk ef ccttlv croi lyziv olvttJv 4 
Kat OiXcov avrdy aroKreu/at i^ojirjOr] tov o^Xov, on ojs 7rpo- 5 
<j>7]Trjv avrov et^ov. yevea-tots Se yevo/xcVots rov 'HpwSoi; 6 
Gjpx^craro 77 Ovydrrjp rrjs 'HpwStaSos eV tw /xecra) Kat 

T)p£0~€V TU 'HptoS??, 6061/ /X£Ta OpKOV (JJfJLoX6y7]0~€V OLVTY] J 

Bovvoll o idv alrrjo-qrai. rj Se 7rpo/3t/?acr0eto~a i>7ro t^s 8 
firjTpds avrrjs Ads p,ot, cfarjo-LV, wSe eVt irivaKi rrjv K€<f>aXr)v 
loidvov tov JSoltttio-tov. Kat A/U7r?7#ets d /3ao-tXcvs Sta 9 
tou? opKovs Kat roi)s crvvavaKeifiivov^ iKeXtvcrev SoOrjvai, 
/<at 7re/x^as OL7r€K€(f)d\Lo-€V 'luidvyjv iv rrj <j)v\cu<f)' Kat x t 
7}vi)(0ri rj Ke^>aXrj avrov €7rt rrivaKi Kat ihoQt] tw Kopacrta), 
Kat rjvzyKZV rrj jJLrjrpl avrrjs. Kat 7rpccr€X#di/Tes ot fxaOrj- 12 
rat auroi; ^pav to 7TT(3/x,a Kat Waxfyav avrov, Kat eA^oVres 
aTrrjyyaXav t<jj lycrov. , AKovaas Se d I^om*? 13 

dvs^dprja'ev eKet^ev ev 7rXota> ets tpyjjxov roirov Kar tSt'av* 
Kat aKcucrai/rcs ot o^Xot 7]KoXov6r)o~av aura) r 7re£fj arro rwv 
TroXewv. Kat i£eX6<x)V etSev ttoXvv 0^X01^ Kat ecr7rXay- 14 
■XytcrOr] iir avrols Kat iOepdircvcrev tovs appcuoTOfs avrcur. 
'O'^tas Sc yzvofjJvTjs 7rpoo~rjX6av avrQ> ot fJLa8r]Tal Xeyovres 15 
Ep-7/xds ecrrti/ d T07ros Kat tJ copa r ^§7y 7raprjX0ev' airo- 
Xvcrov ' roi;5 o^Xoi;?, u>a a^-eX^d^rcs cts ras Kw/xa? ayo- 
pao-wo-tv eavrots /5pw/xara. d Se 'I^o"Oi)s etTrcv a^rots 16 
Ov yjjeiav zypvcrw a7rek6eiv Sore avrots ^/xets ^>ayetr. 



XIV KATA MA09AION 35 

17 ol 8e Xeyovcriv a'vTu) Cvk e^o/xty a>Sc el jxtj irivre dprows 

18 koll Svo IxOvas. 6 Se CL7rev Qeperi jjlol wSe avrovs. 

19 koll r K€/\eu(ra5 tovs o^Xou? avaK.\i6rjvaL eVt toi) x°'p T0l >> eVe'Aevcrej/Toi/s. . 

apcDV rovg 7revre apTovs Kat rous ouo thuyas, avapAei^as 
cts rov ovpavov ciAdy^o-ev Kat /cXacras cSojkcv rot? /maOr]- 

20 Tat? tot)? dprovs ol Se /xa#??7at rots o^Achs. Kat ec/>ayoi> 
7rai/TCS Kat i^op Tacr# 77 crav, kgu rjpav to Trcptcrcreuoi/ raw 

21 KXacrjudriDV SajSeKa Kocfrtvovs irXrjpei*;. ol 8e eo~#t'ovTes 
rjo-av avSpes o!(T€t 7revTaKtcr^tXto6 xa>pts yvvaiK&v Kat 7rat- 

22 StW. Kat [eL>#ea)s] rjvayKacrtv tovs fjLaOrjTois e/x- 

jirjvai eis ' TrXotov Kat irpoayeiv clvtov ets to Tripav, ecus to 

23 ou airoXva-rj rovs o)(Xovs. Kat a7roXTjcras totjs o^Xovs 
dv€J3rj eis to opos KaT' tStW 7rpocreviacr9ai. oxf/cas 3e yevo- 

24 /xeV^s xxoVos ^v CKet. To Se 7rXotW 17877 VraStous 7roXXoi)s ^w 77]? 0a\aV- 
a?ro 717s y7?s aireiyev > pao-avt^o/xevoi/ vtto tmv KVfJLaTcov, ' ' 

25 Tyv yap eVarrtos d aVe/xos. TerdpTrj Se (j>vXaKrj rrjs vvktos 

2 6 ^X0ei/ 7rpcs auTOus 7rept7raTcj^ eVt t^v ^aXacnrav. ot Se 
fjLaOrjTal tS(Wes avrov eVt rfjs 6aXdcrcrr}<; 7repLTrarovvra 
irapa^Orjcrav XeyovTes ore ^avrao-fxa ecrrLV, Kat a7ro rov 

27 <f>6/3ov €Kpa£av. evOvs Se iXdXrjcrtv [d 'Itio-otjs] avrots Xe'ywv 

28 ©apaetYe, eyw ettu* /xr; <£o/2etcr#e. aVoKpt^ets Se d II erpos 
€t7rer aiVa) Kupte, et o*v et, KeXevcrov /xe iXOeiv 7rpos ere 

29 eVt Ta voaTa* o Se ct7rev EX^e. Kat KaTa^Sas aVd to{J 

7rXotoi; Ilerpos irepuTrdryjcrcv eVt tcl i!8aTa r Kat ?/X^ev n 7rpds eA^y 

30 Toy 'I?;a-oiV. ySXeVcuv 8e tov dvefiov ZfyofirjQy], koX apfa- 
p„evos KaTairovrc^caOaL eKpa^ev Xiywv Kvptc, atoo-oV /xc. 

31 €vOi(D<s 8e d 'I^o-ovs eKTetvas ttJi/ X e ^P a €7reXa/3cT0 auroS 

32 Kat Xcyct auT(i> OXtyo7rtcrTe, ets Tt cStcrTacrag; Kat dva- 

33 fidvTW clvtwv cts to 7rXotov eK07rao-€V d aW/xos. ot 8c 
cv to) 7rXota) 7rpoo~€Kvvr]crav avr<2 XeyovTes 'AXTy^aJ? #cou 

34 vtos et. Kat Sta7rcpao-ai/T€9 rjX6av €7rt tt^i/ yiji/ 

35 ct? Tcrv7;o"apeT. Kat €7rtyvdvTC5 avrov ol avSpeg tov T07roi; 
zkzivov aVeoTetXaj/ ets oXt^v ttjv Trepi^pov eKeLvrjv, Kat 



36 KATA MA00AION XIV XV 

7rpocn]V€yKav avVa> irdvTCts tovs KaKws c^ovras, /cat 7rap€- 36 
kolXovv [avToV] tva fxovov dxl/oiVTai tov Kpacririhov tov t/xa- 
tlov avTOV* kcu ocroi rjif/avro StecnaOrjcrav. 

Tot€ 7rpo<jepxovTaL to) Irjcrov airo IcpocroAv/xa)!/ <$apt- 1 
aatot kcu ypa/x/xaTets XiyovTts Ata Tt ot fxaOrjrai crov 7ra- 2 
pafidLvovcriv Trjv irapd8ocnv twv TrpecrfSvTepiDv; ov yap 

VITTTOVTCU TOLS ^CtpaS ^ rav dpTOV IvOibXTlV. 6 8k (XTTOKpi- 3 

0cts ct7r€V avTois Ata rt /cat vttets Trapa/3cuv€T€ ttjv ivToXrjv 
tov 6eov Sta ttJv irapdhocrw vfxwv, o yap 0cds €t7T€i/ 4 
TlMA TON TTATepA KAI THN MHTepA, koll '0 KAKOAor^N 
TTATepA H MHTepA 6ANATC0 TeAeYTATOV v/xets Sc AcyeTC 5 

US aV €t7T>y TO) TTCLTpL 7] TTj fJLTJTpL HwpOV O tOLV €£ €JXOV 

uxjieXrjOrjs, ov fxr) Tifxrjcrei tov Trarepa avTov* /cat rjKvpoj- 6 
crare toV r A.oyov n tov Otov Sta Trjv irapaSoauv -Jptcov. vtto- 7 
/cptrat, KaAws i.7rpo(f>r]T€vcrev 7rept v/xwj/ Hcratas Xeycoi/ 
e Aaoc oyTOc to?c xeiAeciN Me tima, 8 

H Ae KApAlA AyTOON ndppOO ATT6X6I ATT 6M0f* 
MATHN Ae CeBONTAI Me, 9 

AlAACKONTeC AiAackaAiac cntaAmata AN0p(i>n<jON. 
Kat TrpocrKaAccra/xcvos tov o)(Xov etwev avVots 'Akovctc /cat 10 
avvUte* ov to €tcrep^o/>tcvov cts To oro/xa kolvoI tov aV- n 

6p(x)7TOV, aXXd TO €K7TOp€v6fAeVOV e/C TOV OTO/XaTOS TOVTO 
KOIVOL TOV av0p(i)7TOV* ToT€ ^rpOO"€A^OI/T€S Ot 12 

fJLCtOrjTCu Xiyovcriv avVa) OtSas oVt ot <J>apto-atot aKOvVavTCs 
toi/ Xoyov icrKavSaXicrOrjaav; 6 Se a7ro/cpt^£ts et7rev Ilacra 13 

<j)VT€LCt T]V OVK i<f>VT€VCT€V O 7TaT7]p fJLOV o ovpcivios c/cpt- 
oSr/yot eio-tv tv- tjuOrjcreTcu. acf>CTe civTovs* r TV<f>XoL elcriv oSrjyor' Tvcj>Xds 14 
Se TV<pXov idv oSrjyrj, dfJi^oTepoi cts f366vvov irecrovv- 
Tcu. A7roKpi6eis 8e d IIcVpos ct7T€i/ avTa) ^>pa- 15 

cov 7;/xtv Trjv 7rapa/3oXy]v. 6 8e ct7rcv 'Ak/xiJv Kat i;/>tcts 16 
acrvveTOL core ; ov voetTC OTt 7rdV to elcnropevo/Jbevov ets 17 
to crTOfxa ets tt/v KotXtav X W P € ^ Ka ^ € ' 5 d<f>e8pu>va €KJ3dX- 
XeTat; Ta Se eK7ropevo/xeva ck tov oTo/xaTOf c/c t^s Kap- 18 



<J)\q\ [tv(})\£v] 



XV KATA MA00AION $J 

19 Stas e^ep^eTat, KaKetVa Kotvot tov dvOpia-irov. ck yap rfjs 
KapStas i^€p\ovTai StaXoytoyxot Trovrjpoi, <£dvot, /xot^ctat, 

20 7ropv€tat, KXo7rat, xj/evSo/JLapTvpLai, /2Xao-</>77/xtat. ravrd 
iartv rd kolvovvtol tov dv8p<D7rov, to 8c dviirroi^ ^cpcrlv 
<£ayetv ou Kotvot tov av0p(O7rov. 

21 Kat e£eX0cov IkzWzv o I^crous ave^p-qcr^v cts Ta /xepyy 

22 Tvpou Kat StScovos. Kat iSov yvvrj Xavavata aVd tc3v 

dptW eKetvoov i^Xdovaa r €Kpa£cv' Xiyovora 'EXe^o-dv fit, €Kpa£&> 

Kvpte r vioV AautEtS* 77 Ovydrqp jjlov kolkws Sat/xovt£cTat. vie 

23 d Se ovk (XTreKptdrj avrfj Xdyov. Kat TTpoo-eXOovTes ox /xa- 
OrjTol olvtov rjpwTOvv avrov Xeyovrcs A7roXro"ov avrrjv, otl 

24 Kpafci o7rLo-0€V tf/JLuyv, 6 8e a7TOKpt0ets ct7rcv Ovk aVcoTa- 
X97V €t /x?7 cts Ta 7rpd/?aTa Ta aTroXaAoTa otKOu Io-pa^X. 

25 77 Se iX6ovcra 7rpocreKvv€L avrco Xeyovcra Kuptc, fiotfOec [xoi. 

26 d Se aTTOKpiOeis eTirev Ovk lortv kolXov Xa/3etV tov dprov 

27 TtoV T€KVO)V KCU /3aXcLV TOtS KVVOLpiOLS. 7] 0€ €t7T€V Nat, 

Kvpit, Kat [yap] Ta Kvvdpia icrOUi aVd twv ij/t^tiov twv 

28 7ri7rT0VTa)V airo rfjs Tpairetfls t<3v Kvptwv avrwv, tots 
aVoKpt^ets d 'l?;croi>g cTttcv aiVr} O yvvai, fieyaXr] crov rj 
Trtirns* yevrjOyrtxi cot oj? OiXets. Kat ta#77 77 Ovydrrjp 
avrrjs aVd t^s <2pas €Kewr]$. 

29 Kat /x€Ta/?as eKelOev 6 'Irjcrovs yXOev 7rapa tt)v 0aXacr- 

30 crav t^s TaXtXatas, Kat dvafids ets to dpos iKaOrjTo eKei. kolL 
7rpoo-rjX6ov a^Tw o^Xot 7roXXot I^ovtcs /*€#' eainw r ^(a>Xovs, ^. f 

KuXXov?, TV<fiX0V5, KUKJyOVS^ KOLL £T€pOVS 7ToXXoV?, Kat 

epuf/av avTOvs irapa tovs Tro'Sas aiVov, Kat iOtpaTrevcrtv 

31 aiVoxV <3ctt€ r TOV o^Xov^ Oavfidcrai /JXeVovTas kox^ov? tousoxAous 
r XaXoi/vTas n T Kat ^wXovs 7T€pt7raTOWTas Kat rvcfrXovs /3Xt- dKovovTasltcvMovs 

32 7rovTas' Kat cOo^ao-av tov c^eov Lo-parjX. O eSo^ov 
Se 'It^o-oiJs 7rpoo-KaXco-a/xcvos tovs fxaOrjTas clvtov zittzv 

%TzXay yyitfiiko.1 iirl tov o)(Xov, otl [j]Srf\ y/xepau rpets 
7rpocrp,evoi;o"tv p.ot Kat ovk lypvaiv tl <£aya)0"tv Kat a7ro- 
Xvo^at avrovs V7o~TCts ov OiXu), /jltJ 7rorc e/cXv^ajctv cv ttJ 



KATA MA00AION 



XV XVI 



CO? 



38 

o8<3. koX Xiyovatv avTto ol fiaOrjrat HoOev yp.2v iv iprjpia 33 
apTOL toctovtol ware ^opTaaai o\Xcv roaovTov; kcll Aey€t 34 
avTols 6 'Irjcrovs TJoctovs dpTovs ex €T€ » °^ ^ € * 7rav Ettto, 
koll dXiya l^OvSta. Kat irapayyeiXas tw oyXu> ava7rea€iv 35 
eVt rrjv yrjv eXafiev tovs iirra dpTovs kolL tovs l^Ovaq Kat 36 
€v^apicrT7]cras tKXacrzv kcu eStSov Tots [Aa6r]Tcus ot Se /xa- 
6rjTcu tols 0^X019. kcu ecjyayov 7toVt€s /cat i^opTdcrO-qcrav, $ 7 
kcu to 7repLO-o~€vov twv KAaoyxdVcw ?ypav C7rra a<pvpiSas 
TrXrjpci*;. ol 8e icrOtovTes rjcrav T TeTpaKta^Xioi aV8pes ^cd- 38 
TratSt'tov /cai yv- P^S r yvi'aiKa>i> Kat 7ratStW n . Kat diroXvcras tgi>9 o^\oi?s 39 
i>auccu»> iveftr] ets to 7r\otov, Kat rjXdcv et? rd opta MayaSaV. 

Kat TrpocreXOovTts [01] <£>aptcratot Kat SaSSovKatot 7ret- 1 
ejnjpwTwr pa£ovT€$ r i7rrjpo)TY]crav avrov crrjfjieiov Ik tov ovpavov €7tl- 
Setfat avrots. o 8c a7roKpt(9ets €t7r€v auTOts [['Oi/^tas yevo- 2 
fjLtvrjs Xiyere EvSta, irvppd£ei yap o ovpavos* kcu irpw>L 3 
l^ijfjLepcv ^et/xojv, Trvppd&i ydp crrvyvd&v 6 ovpavos. to 
/xev 7rpdcru)7rov tov ovpavov ytvaxTKCTe StaKptvetv, Ta Se 
OTj/ieia twv Kaipwv ov Swacr#€.J Tcj/ea 7rovrjpd Kat /xot- 4 
^aAtS CrjfLCLOV €7Tt^T€t, Kat crrjfjLtiov ov §o6t]o-€tcu avTrj 
€t /x?7 to o-rjjJLtLOV Icwa. Kat KaTaAt7rwi/ ai>Toi>s cnrrjX- 
$€V. Kat £X06vt€s ol jxaOrjTai cts to iripav 5 

Aa/3eu' aprov? ktrzXdBovTO r aprous Aa/Jeti/ 1 . d Se 'I^crou? €t7rcv ai;TOts 6 
OpaYc Kat irpocr£)(€TZ diro Trjs ^vfif]^ tcw <£aptcratW Kat 
^aSSovKattw. ot 8e StcAoyt£ovTO eV eaurots Xeyoi/Tcs OTt 7 
ApTOVS ovk iXd/3ojJL€v. yvovs 8e o 'I^o-ovs €t7T6*> Tt StaXo- 8 
yt£€cr#€ eV ea^Tot?, dXtyo7rto"Tot, OTt dpTovs ovk €X €TC > 
OU7T0J voetT€, ovSe pLvrjfjLoveveTe tot)s 7rivTC dpTovs t<jjv 9 
7rei/TaKto"xiA.ta>v Kat 7rdcrci;s KO(f>tvovs £Xd(3cT€; ovSe tovs 10 
€7TTa apTOVS twv TeTpaKicryiXiuiv kcu Trocras <r<j>vpi8as iXd- 

/3eT€ m , 7TOJS OV VO€tT€ OTt Ol5 TTCpt dpTOiV €L7TOV VJJLLV' 9 TTpOCT- ll 

c^ctc 8e a7rd ttJs ^vpLrjs twv ^>apto-atW Kat SaSSovKatcov. 

TOT6 OVVrJKOLV OTL OVK CLTT€V TTpOCTe^LV dwo Trjs ^V/JLY)? [twV 12 

apTcov] aA.A.a a7rd t^s StSa^s twv ^apicraiwv kcu 2a8- 






XVI KATA MA09AION 39 

SoVKCLLWV, 

13 'EXOwv Sc d I^crovs ets ra /xepTy Kato-aptas r^s 3><At7r- 
ttov TjpiDTa rous fxaOrp-as clvtov Xeycaj/ TtVa Xcyovo-tv ot 

14 av0po)7roi ctvat tov vlov tov dvOpci-n-ov; ol Sc ct7rav Ot /xlv 
'Iwdvrjv tov /3a7TTLCTT7]v, aXXot Sc 'HXct'ai>, erepot Sc 'Jcpc- 

15 /uaj/ ^ cVa t<jjv TTpocjyrjTiov. Xcyct aurots c Yp,ets Se rtVa //.e 

16 Xiyere ctvat; aVoKpt^ets Sc 2/p.o)v Ilcrpos ct7rev 2v ct d 

17 xpicrros d mos tou ^eou rou £aWos. diroKpiOels 8c d 

It/ctous ct7rci/ aura) MaKaptos ct, St/xcov Baptcora, ort o"ap£ 
/cat at/xa ou/c cnreKaXvij/ev croc aXX o iraTrjp jjlov 6 cV [rots] 

18 ovpavois* Kayci Se o~ot Xcya) otl crv ct Ilcrpos, Kat cVt 
ravTTj tyj Trirpa otKoSo/x^'cra) /xov r^v iKKXrjCTLav, Kat ttvXo.l 

19 aSov ou KaTia^yo-ovdiv avrrjs' Swcrco crot ras KXctSas r^s 
/3aa-tXctas rajy ovpavajv, Kat o eaV 8770-775 cVt rfjs yfjs 
carat SeSe/xeVov cV Tots oupavots, Kat 6 cai/ Xvcrrjs cVt r^s 

20 y>Js Icrrat XeXv/xivov cV rots ovpavols. Tore r €ir€TLfJLrjo'€v rots SieoretAaTo 
jxa^rats Iva jxrj8evl ct7ra)0"tv ort avros £<ttlv o ^ptcrros. 



21 AIIO TOTE rjp^aro 'I^a-ous Xptcrros SctKvvcti/ rots ^A 
fjLaOrjTOLLS clvtov otl Set aurov cts 'Icpoo-oXu/xa d7reX6elv Kat 
7roXXd 7ra9eiv aVd ra>i> TrpecrfivTepidV Kat ap^tcpewv Kat 
ypa/x/xareW Kat aVoKrav&Jvat kou ttj TpLTrj *7/xcpa iyepQrj- 

22 ^at. Kat 7rpoo"Xa/3o/xci/os aurov o Ilcrpos r r)p£aTO cVtrt- \iyei av7$ env 
/xav aura) Acycov lAca>s crot, Kvpie ov fxrj carat cot 

23 touto. d 8c crrpac/>cts ct7rcv t<3 Ilerpa) Y7ray€ ottlo-co /jlov, 
Sarai/a* o*Kav8aXov ct c/xov, ort ou <j>poveis ra rov 6eou 

24 aXXa ra rcSv dv^paj7ro)i/. Tore [d] 'I^a"o{;s 
ct7rcv rots fjLaOrjTcus clvtov Et rts 6cXct O7rtcro> jaov eX^ct^ 
GLTrapvrjo'ao'Oa) eavTOV Kat apara) rdi' crTavpov clvtov Kat 

25 OLKoXovOtLTO) /ULOl. OS yap CaV 6cX^ T^V ^XW avT OV 

ewerat aTroXccrct aur^V os 8' dr airoXio-rj ttjv ij/v)(r)V 

26 avrov ev€K€v ifiov evprjcrei avTtjv. tl yap (jjcjzeXrjOrjcreTai 



4o 



KATA MA69AI0N 



XVI XVII 



TOV 



<TK7)vas rpecs 



avajrr) 



Ap. 



av9pu)Tro<s lav tov koctjjlov oXov Keporjo-rj ttjv Se xf/v^rjv 
avrov t,rjjxco)6fj ; rj ri Secret av9pu)7ro<$ dvTaXXayjxa rfjs 
xJ/vXVS o-vtov; /xeXXct yap o vtos rod dv9pw7rov Ipyto-Qai 27 
cV ttJ 86£y tov 7rarpos avrov jacra tujv ayyiXmv avrov, kgu 
TOT€ ATTOAOOCei 6KACT<jl> KATA THN TTpASlN AyTOf. a/^V 28 
Xeya) v/xti> on elcTLV rtvcs rojv oj§€ cotcotcov otrtvcs ov /xiy 
yevcroovrat 6a.vo.TGV aos av t8a>crtv rov vlov tov dvOpuTrov 
ip^ofjiei/ov iv rrj /Sao-tXcta avrov. 

Kat fxeO' ?7/x€pas e£ 7rapaXa/x(3dv€i 6 'I^crcvs tov Hi- 1 
rprov koI T 'laKUtfiav Kat Iwavrjv rov aScXc^ov avrov, /cat 
dvacj>ip€L avrovs ets opos vJ/rjXov Kar Ibtav. koI fjLCT€fJLop~ 2 
<j}u>9r] efjLTTpocrdev av7W, Kat eXafxxj/tv to irpocruiTrov avrov 
cos o ^Xtos, ra Se tju,arta avrov lyivtTo XevKa ws ro c^ojg. 
Kat tSov (jj<fc9r] avrots Mojvct^s Kat HXetas crvvXaXovVrcs 3 
/act' avrov. aVoKpt^cts 8c o Ilerpos ct7rcv ra) 'Irjcrov 4 
Kvpte, KaXoV icrriv tJ/xols ojSc ctvaf €t 9iXa<; i iroirjaoi aJSe 
r rpets ctk^voV, o~ol jmcav koI Mwvo"et /xtav Kat HXcta fitav. 
It 1 avrov XaXovVros tSov vecfaiXr) <f>(jcTtvrj c7rccrKtao"€v 5 
avrov?, Kat tSov <jxx>vr) Ik tt}s vecftiXrjs Xiyovcra Ovro? 



9 r 

€V O) 



cv8oK7^o"a' 



axoverc 



ecrrtv o vto? /xov o ayaTnyro?, 
avrov. Kat a/covo~avres ot fJLa9rjTal hreo'av cVt -n-pocroiTrov 6 
avrwv Kat i(f>of3y]9rjo'av <T(f>6opa. Kat 7rpoo"f)X9€V 6 'I^crov? 7 
Kat aij/afjievos avTiov tTirev Eyep^rc Kat fxrj c/>o/3eto-0€. 
eVapavre? Se rov? oc/>0aX/xov? avrwy ovSeVa ctSov ct firj 8 
avroi/ I770-0VV /xoVoi/. Kat KaTa/3atv6vT(vv avToiv €K rov 9 
opovs eVcraXaro avrot? o* 'Ir/o-ovs Xeywv M^Scrt eLirrjTe to 
opaixa eo)s ov o vtos rov av9p(D7rov ck v€Kpo3v r iyep9fp. 
Kat i7rrjpwT7]crav avTov ol /xa^rat Xeyovres Tt ovi/ ot 10 
ypa/x//,ar€ts Xiyovviv ort 'HXctav Set eXflctv 7rpuTOv; 6 8e n 
aTTOKpt^etg €t7T€i/ 'HAei AC />t€V cp^crat Kat ATTOKATACTHC6I 
TrdvTa' Xeyoj 8e v/xtv ort 'HXcta? ^ ^X^ev, kcu ovk cVe- 12 
yvwo-av avrov aXXa liroirjo-av iv avrw oVa rj9iX-qa-av ovrw? 
Kat o vtos rov av9poj7rov yiteXXct 7racr^€tv vV avrwv. totc 13 



XVII KATA MA0GAION 41 

crvvfjKav ot fiaOrjTai otl irept loyavov tov /ftx7TTX0T0v €Lirev 

avTois. 
14 Kat IXOovtuv 7rpos tov oyXov 7rpoo-rjX6ev avT<3 aVdpco- 
1$ 7ro$ yovv7reT<jjv avrov kcu X4y(ov Kvpt€j ZXerj&ov jjlov rov 

vlov, otl creXrjv Lateral Kat /ccikojs r e^€i i , 7roXXaKts yap rrd<rx^ 

\6 7rt7TT€t CIS TO 7TVp KOL 7ToXXaKlS CtS TO {JScop* Kat TTpOOT- 

rjveyKa avrov rots /xa^rats crov, Kat ovk i^Svv^Orjaav 

17 avrdv Oepair^vaai. r a7roKpt#cts Se 1 d 'I^o-ovs ct7T€v *0 |>6re] dn-oKpifets 
yej/ca aVtoTOS Kat 8t€crrpa/z/xeK»7, cws 7tot€ p,e#' vjjlujv 

ecro/xat; ecus ttotc avi^ofxat vjxu>v; <j>ipeT€ fxoL avrov wSe. 

18 Kat €7r€TLfJLr}cr€V airra) o lrjaovs, Kat i^rjXOev air avrov 
to SaijxovLOV Kat iOepairevOrj 6 7rats aVd t^9 a!pas 

19 ckciVt/s. Totc 7rpoo"€X^d^T€S ot fxaOrjral tw 'I^crou 
Kar tStW ct7rai> Ata tl 77/xcts ovk tjSvvtj drj/nev €K/3aX€tv 

20 avrd; d Se Xe'yet aurots Ata ttJv dXtyo7rtoTtai' vjxwv* 
a/JLrjv yap Xc'ya) i>p,tv, cav ^XV T€ ttlo-tiv a>s kokkov o*tva- 
7T€0)5, cpctrc tw opet tovto) Mcra/Ja Ir^cv €K€t, Kat /xcra- 
/3^0-eTat, Kat ovSev aSwar^cret v/xtv. /4/. 



at/a(7T^!7eTat 



elcreA0c'iT 



22 ^va-Tp^ofxivoiV §€ avraw eV tt} TaXtXata €t7r€i^ aurots 
d Itjctovs MeXXct o vtos toi> avOpomov 7rapaSt'Soo-#at ets 

23 y*ipa<; dv6pw7T(ov 9 Kat a7roKT€j/oi;crii/ av7oV, Kat rfj TptTYj 
T^/xepa r tyzpOrjceTaC Kat iXv-n-njOrjaav o-</>dSpa. 

24 'EX^d^rwv 8e avran' cts Ka<£apvaoi)/x TTpGo~fjX6ov ot ra 
St8pap(p.a XajufidvovTes tw Ilerpa) Kat €t7rav 'O StSao-KaXos 

25 i'/aco? ou reXet ra St'Spav/za ; Xeyet Nat. Kat r cX0drra n 
cts tt^v oiKtav 7rpo£<f>9acr€v avrov d '1t70~ou9 Xeyooi/ Tt cot 

SoKCt, ^tL/jL(x)v; 61 /?ao"tXcts 7179 y^s aVd r rtVa)i/ n Xajn/3d- T lvo$ 

vovo-tv reXyy 77 Krjvo~ov; aVd 7W vliov avrwv rj a7ro t<jjv 

26 aXXoTptwv; ct7rdi/ro9 Se A7rd T(2v aXXoTptcov, l</>^ avra> o 

27 'It/o-oO? "Apaye iXevOtpot eto"tv ot vtor t^a 8e /xt; r o-Kav- (TKavSakCfcfiev 
SaXia , (s}fX€v" i avrovs, 7ropcv6el<; cts OdXacrcrav fiaXe ayKt- 

crpov Kat rov dvafidvTa irpurov l^6iv apov, Kat avot^as 



42 KATA MA00AION XVII XVIII 

to (TTOfia avTov €vpr](J€i<; crTarrjpa' Ikuvov Xaf3d)V 80s 
avrois aVil ifJiov koll o~ov. 
te 'Ei/ Ikclvt] ' rfj wpa TrpocrrjXOov ol p.a9r]Tal t<3 'Irjaov Xi- 1 

yovTCs Tis apa /xa£a)i> icrrlv iv ry /?acriA.€ta twv ovpavwv ; 
koll TrpocrKaXecra/xevos ttcliBlov to-Trjcrev avro iv fxiaco av*Tu>v 2 

Kal €L7T€V ' ' KpLTJV XcyOJ VfXLV, idv fJir) <JTpa<$>rjTZ KCLl y€V7JO~0€ 3 

a!s ra 7rat8ta, ov jJirj tlaiXOrjTe els ttjv fiaaiXeiav tiov ovpa- 

VWV, OOTtS OVV Ta7T€tVCJCT£t laVTOV (i>9 TO TTaihiOV TOVTO, OVTOS 4 

icTTW 6 fiei^v iv ttj /3a<xiA.eia ran> oupai/tov /ecu 6s caV 5 
Sef^rcu ev 7ratStov toiovto cti t<I> oVo/jmxti /xov, e/x€ Se- 
veral* as 8' dv aKavSaXicr] tva t<2v paKpQtv tovt<ov t<2v 6 
7ncrT€v6vT(x)v cts c/x€, o~vfxcf)ip€i avTip wa Kpefxao~9rj jjlvXos 
ovlkos ircpl tov Tpd^rjXov avTov Kal Ka~a7rovTLcr9rj iv to> 
7rcXdyei ttJs OaXdcrcrrjq. Oval to) Koo-pao aVo twv CKavSa- 7 
Xu>v dvdyKT] yap 1X9 zlv Ta crKaVSaXa, ttXtjv oval t<2 
av0pco7ra> Sl ov to CTKavftaXov cp^erai. Ec 8c 8 

ri X €t P ° rov V ° 7rou 5 o'ov crKavh* aXi&i ere, €kko\I/ov av- 
Tov Kai fidXt aVo crov' KaXov crot icTiv elo-^Xdetv cts 
ttjv £0)771/ kvXXov rj -^LoXoVy y Svo \eipas r) Svo 7roSas 
e^ovTa j3Xr]9rjvai ct? to ■ irvp to alwvLov, Kal ct o 0-9 
<f>9aXfjLo<; crov <jKav8aXt^€t ere, efeAc avrov Kal (3dX€ aVo 
o~ov* KaXov o~ol io~Tiv fiovocfj9aXfJiov els tyjv £0)771/ ctcrcX- 
9uv, rj Svo 6cf>9aXfJLGV<; typvTa /3Xr)9rjvaL €ts ttjv yievvav 
tov Trvpos. 'Opare /jltj KaTa<ppovrjo-r]T€ evos t<2v 10 

[Iv T(jJ ovpavy] jxiKpiov TovTOiV, Xeya) yap *u/xti/ otl ol dyyeXoc avT&v r iv 
ovpavois 1 8ta TravTOS fiXiirovcn to 7rp6o~o)7rov tov 7raTpos 
Ap. fxov tov iv ovpavols. tl vjjuv Bokzl; idv yivrjTai tlvl 12 

dv9p(s)7r(D tKaTov T7po/3aTa Kal TrXavr]9rj tv it; avrcov, ov^t 
afprjo-CL Ta ivevrjKOVTa ivvia i~l Ta oprj Kal irop€v9eis 
t,7]T€L to nXavwixevov ; Kal idv yivrjTat evpeiv avTo, dfjLYjv 13 
Aeyw vfjuv otl ^cupci iw av-£ /xaXXov rj iirl tols ivtvrj- 
KOVTa ivvea rots firj TrzirXavrifxivoLS. ovtws ovk zcttlv 14 
ToviraTpcsvuuv vtXrj/jLa cfjnrpGor9ev 'tov Trarpos fxov' tov iv ovpavols tva 



XVIII KATA MAGGAION 43 

15 aVdX^rat tv rcoV /xtKpcoV tovtcdv. 'EaV 8e 
dfjLapnjcrY] 6 a8eXc/>ds crov, vrraye eXeyfov avrov /xerafu 
orou Kat avrov jjlovov. lav crov aKovcrrj, eKepS^tras roy 

16 dSeXcfaov crov car Se /X77 aKovcrrj, 7rapdXaj3e '/xera crew en eva rj 8vo pero 
€7t eva j] dvo , tva eni ctom&toc Ayo M^pTypooN h TpiooN 

17 CTA0H TTAN c pHM<V edv 8e irapaKOvcrrj clvtidv, €lttov tij Ik- 
KXrjaca' caV 8c xat rijs cKKX^crtas TrapaKOvcrrj, ccrrco crot 

18 w(T7rep 6 IOvlkos Kat 6 reXcoV^s. 'AfJLiijv Xeyco 
v/uv, ocra eaV Sr/cx^re eVt r<rys y/Js ecrrat SeSep.eVa eV 
ovpavco kolI ocra eaV Xvcr^re eVt r?Js y^s ecrrat XeXvfiiva 

19 eV ovpavco. UdXiv [dfArjv] Xeyco v/xtv ort ear 8vo crv/x- 
cjxDvrjcrtocrLV ef v/xcoV eVt r^s yijs 7rept 7ravros 7rpay/xaros 
ov eaV alrijcroiVTaL, yei/?7crerat avrots 7rapa rov 7rarpds 

20 /xov rov ei/ ovpaj/ots. ov yap etcrti> Svo ^ rpets avvrjyixi- Ap, 

VOL CtS TO IfJLOV OVOfXOL, CK€t €t/Xt Iv /XeCTCp avrCOV. 

21 Tore 7rpoaeX0wv 6 Ile'rpos etTrev [avrco] Kvpte, 7rccra/<ts 
dfxapTrjo-CL ets e/xe d aSeXc/)ds /*ov Kat ac/>7ycrco avrco ; ecus e- 

22 Trra/ag ; Xeyet avrco d Ir/crovs Ov Xeyco cot ecos eWaKts aXXa 

23 ecos €J38ofJL7]KOVTdKL<s €7TTa. Ata rovro cjjxoiwOrj 7] /3acrtXeta 
rcoV ovpavcoV dv6p(Dir<j) /^acrtXet os yjOiXrjaev avvdpai Xo- 

24 yov /xera rcoV SovXcov avrov* ap£a/xeVov Se avrov crvvat- 
pew 7rpoo-t])(6rj ets avrco oc/>etXer?7s ftvpcwv raXdvT(DV. 

25 xx.77 l^ovros 8e awroi; aVoSovi/at tKeXevcrev avrdv 6 Kvptos 
irpaOrjvai /cat tt^v ywatKa Kat ra reKi/a Kai 7ra^ra ocra f^ct 

26 /cat aTToSoOrjvai. 7rctTcoV oSv o 8oi;Xos irpocreKvvzi ai/ra) 
Xe'ycuv M.aKpo6vfJL7]o-ov lir e/xot', Kat irdvTa aTroScocra) crot. 

27 CT7rXayxvtc7#€ts Se o Kuptos tov SovXou [eKetVoi;] a7reXi;o-cv 

28 avrov, Kat to hdviov dcfrfJKev avrw. itjeXdwv Se o SovXos 
cKetvos cupev eva rcoi/ crwSouXcov avrou 6s coc£etXei> avrcu 
eKaroi/ drjvapia, Kat Kparrjcras olvtov tirvtyev Xeycui/ A7ro- 

29 80s €t rt dc^etXets. 7T€ctojv oSv o* cn;v8oi;Xos avrov 7rapeKa- 
Xet avrov Xeycov MaKpoOvfxrjcrov eV' c/xot, Kat aVoScocrca 

30 crot, d Se ovk yjOtXev, dXXd dir^XOuiV e^aXev avrov ets 



44 KATA MA00AION XVIII XIX 

(jtvXaKrjv co>9 d7ro8a> to dc/>etXdp,ei>ov. tSdvrcs ovv ol crvv- 31 
SovXot avrov ret yevo/JLtva ZXvTnj67]crav crc^dSpa, /cat cX- 

^OI/T€5 $L€0-d<j)7](TaV T<2 KVplO) tCLVTlOV TtdvTa TCt y€VO/X€Va. 

rpre 7rpO(7KaXccra/Aevos avrdi/ o Kvptos avrov Xe'yet avra) 32 
AovXe irovqpiy iracrav rrjv ofaiXrjv iKeivrjv dcfrrJKai ctol, 
c7T€t 7rap€Ko£Xecras /xe* gvk ISct Kat ere ZXerjcrai rov ovv- 33 
SovXdi> crov, (i5s Kaycu o*e yXirjcra; Kat opyiuOeis 6 tcvptos 34 
avrov 7rap€$o)K€V avrov Tots /?acravto-rat9 €cos [ov] a7ro8(I> 
7rav tq o(p€LXofJi€vov. Ovrcos Kat o 7raTr}p fxov o ovpavios 35 
TTOirj(j€i v/xlv idv fxy ac^rc CKaoros tw dSeX</>a> avrov a7ro 

TWl/ Kdp&HjJV V/JLWV. 

Kat cycVero ore ereXco-ev d 'I^o-ovs rows Xdyovs rov- 1 
rovs, /JLerrjpev a7rd T17S TaXtXatas Kal ^X^ev cts Ta opta 
ttJs 'IovSat'as irkpav rov 'IopSdvov. Kat 7]KoXov6r](rav avrd) 2 
6)(Xol ttoXXol, koI iOepdirevacv avrovg licet. 

Kat TrpocrrjXOav avrw <£apto-atot 7retpd£ovr£S avrov /cat 3 
Xeyovres Et €^€cttlv a7roXvo-at rrjv ywat/ca avrov Kara 
7rdo-av atrtW; d Se a7roKpt#ets eurev Ovk dveyvwre ort 4 
d KTto-a? aw' dpx?7? ApCGN KAI 6hAY eTT0IHC6N AYTOYC 
Kat cTttci/ 'EnEKA TOYTOY KATAAeiVl ANGpCDTTOC TON 5 
TTATepA KAI THN MHTepA KAI K0AAh6hC6TAI TH TYNAIKI 
AyTOf, K ^ eCONTAI 01 AyO 6IC CApKA MIAN ; ware OVKtTL 6 
€to~tv Svo dXXd crdpf pta* ovv 6 Otos avve^ev&v dvOpoi- 
wos fX7] ^(Dpi^iroj. Xiyovortv avra) Tt ovv Mwvq-tJs eVcretXa- 7 
avr^v to AOYNAI BlBAlON ATTOCTACIOY KAI ATTOAYCAI T ; Xe'yct 8 

avrots ort MwvcnJys wpos rrjv o-KXrjpoKapScav v/juZv cwe- 
rp€ij/ev vfjuv diroXvo-ai rds yvrat/cas vjxmv, dir dpyfjs Se ov 
^f yiyovev ovtws. r Xiyu> 8e vfjuv ort os av diroXvarj ttjv yv- 9 

vatKa avrov fxrj Ittl rropveta Kat yafxrjcrrj aXXrjv /xot^drat. ' 
Xeyovo"tv avrw ot fxaOrjTat Et ovrcos iarlv rj atrta rov dv- 10 

* Ac'yw 5e v/uuy, o? af aVoXvoT; ttJi/ yvraiKa auTOi) Trape/crbs Aoyov 7ropveta?, Trotet av-rrjv [xoix €V ^ r ] val * 
Kal 6 dnok€\vfJL€vr)v yaja^cras /xotxarat. 



XIX KATA MA09AION 45 

11 Qpunrov fierd ttJs ywat/cos, ov o-vp^ipet. yafirjoroLL. 6 Sc €t- 
irev avTois Ov 7ravT€s -^oypovo-L tov \oyov, aXX' ots SeSorat. 

12 curtv yap cwov^ot otrtvcs €/< KOtXtas firp-pos lyevvrjOrjo-av 

OVTO)5, Kat CUTtV CVVOV^Ot OtTtV€9 CVVOV^LdOrjO'aV V7TO TU)V 

dv6p(jJ7ro)v, /cat ctcrtv €vvov)(ol otrtvcs cui/ov^tcrav cauroi/s 
Sia rrjv /Jao'tXctaj/ twv ovpavwv. o Swattevos ^copetV ^(0)- 

ptLTd). 

13 Tore 7rpoo"r]vix6r](Tav aur<3 7ratSta, tva ras x € ~P as 
€7rt6^ avrots *at 7rpocrev£r]Tar ot Sc fxaOrjTal €7reTLjJLr]crav 

14 aDTOtS. O 0€ l^CTOVS €t7T€I/ Ac/>€T€ TCI 7TGUOICI /cat tt^ 

kwXv'ctc arret IkOelv 7rpds /xc, tojv yap tolovtidv eortV 

15 7; /3ao-tXeta to3v ovpavo3i>. /cat €7rt0cts ras X € W afS a ^rots 
€7rop€v9r] cKtlOev. 

16 Kat t8oi) els 7rpo(7cX6cii/ aura) €t7rci/ AtSaovraXc, rt 

17 aya0cV irouqau) tva cr^w ^cot/v olojvlov; o Se shrev avr<3 
Tt /xe cpojras 7T€pl tou ayafloi; ; cts corti/ d aya0oV €t 8c 

18 6e\eis ci5 T77V £0771/ etcrcX0€tV, r T?7p" n ras cVroXas. r Xeyct 
avV<5 ITotW o 8c 'LycroSs r l^ To 0y <J>ON€YCeiC, 0y 

i 9 Moixerceic, Of KAeyeic, Of YeyAoMApTypHceic, Tima 

TON TTATepA KAI THN MHTep<\, /cat 'ApMTHCCIC TON 

20 TTAHCi'on COY OOC C6AYTON. Xe'yct aura) d vcavtV/cos 

21 r TaOra 7ravra n icf>v\a£a* Tt en vcrrcpto ; r €<j>rp aura) d 'Itt- 
crovs Et 0£Xcts tcXcios etyat, wayc TnoXrjo'ov crov ra virdp- 
XOvtcl /cat 80s [rots] TTTw^ots, /cat etjcis Orjcravpov ev ovpavois, 

22 /cat Sei5po a/coXoi;#€t /xot. a/covo-as Se d rcavtV/cos toV 
Xdyov [rovrov] a7nJX#€v XvrrovfAevos, rjv yap c^cov Kr^/xara 

23 7roXXa. 'O 8e 'I'^crot'S eT7rev Tots /JLaOrjTcus avrov 
'A/x^v Xeyoj u/xtv ort 7rXouo'tos Svo*/cdXa)s cto-cXcvcrcrat cts 

24 ttjv jSaartXctav toji/ ovpai/a)i/* 7raXti/ 8e Xeyto r i5/xti/, n cvkottoj- 
repov i(TTLV Ka/AT/Xov 8ta ^p^ttaros^ pac^tSos r cto"cX^€tv ?y 

25 7rXovo-tov n cts *nyv (3acn\uav tov 0€ov. a.KOvo~avT€<s Se 
ot p.a9rjTal l^eTrXrjcrcrovTO (r<f>6Spa Xiyovres Tt's apa Sv- 

26 varut o-co^^vat; i/x/SXiij/as 8e d 'Irjcrovs €ltt€v avrots Ilapa 



aurot? 



Ap. 



TT)prt)<TOV 

IIoux?; faiaiv. 
clirev 



4A 



IlaVTa Ta£»Ta 
Ae'yct 



TpvrrqfJiaTOS | £te\- 
0eti/ rj tt\ov(Tlov 



4 6 



RATA MA00AION 



XIX XX 



tivOpWTTOlS TOVTO dBvVGLTOV COTtV, TTAp& Sc 86CO TTANTA. Ay - 
NIATA. ToTC oVoKpt^ClS O IleTpOS CtTTCV aVTO) 27 

'iSov rjfJLtis dcj>7]KafX€V iravra Kat i^KoXovOrjaafiiv cror Tt 
apa carat yjxiv ; o Sc 'Ir/crous et7rcv avrots Ajjltjv Xcyco 28 
v/xtv ort v/xcts ot aKoXov^T^xavrcs /xot cv T77 7raXtvycvco~ta, 
orav KaOicrrj 6 vtos tov dvOpdirov cttI Opovov 8o$r)S avrov, 
ai/Toi KaOrjcrecrOe kcll ^/xcts" 1 cVt ScoScKa 0povovs KpivovTts ras 

dfe\4>ov?rj SaJScKa <£vXas tov 'laparyX. Kat 7ras oo~rts dchrJKCv r ot/aas 29 

1) aocA(povs 17 aoeAcpas r/ Trarcpa 1} fxrjrepa tj TCKva i) 
aypovs €V€K€V tov e/xov ovo/xaTO?, 7roXXa7rXao~tova X??/x- 
xj/eTCU. koll £a)?)v atwvtov KXrjpovofjLrjcru, IloXXot 8c co-ovrat 30 
7rpwTOL co-^arot Kat ccr^arot TrpioToi. O/xota yap cVrtv 1 
17 /3ao~tXcta tujv ovpavwv av#paj7ra> otKoSecrTror^ oo~rts 
lirjXOev dfxa 7rpa>t fxiorOwcracrOai cpyaras cts tov a/XTrcXwya 
avVoir crvfJL<t)(x)V7Jo~as Sc ticTa r<3v ipyarwv Ik S^vaptov 2 
ttjv rjfxtpav a7reo~TCtXcv avrovs cts tov a/X7rcXdjva avrov. 
/cat e^eXOwv 7rcpt rptr^v copav etScv aXXovs ccrraJras cV T77 3 
ayopa apyovV Kat Ikuvois et7rcv 'Y7raycr€ Kat v/xcts cts 4 
tov a/x7rcAa>va, Kat o cav 77 otKatov 0a)O"o) v/xtv ot oe 5 
aTrrjXOov. 7raXtv[S€]c£eX#wi' 7rcpt cktt/v Kat ivdrrjv topav 
l7TOLr}<j€v wo"avra>s. 7rcpt Sc ti)v evScKcmyv cfcX#a5v cvpcv 6 
aXXovs £0-Ta>Ta5, Kat Xcyct avrots Tt a)Sc tcrTrjKaTe oXrjv 
rrjv 77/xcpav apyot; Xcyovo-tv avra) "Ort ovScts 77/xas e/it- 7 
crOwcraTO' Xcyct avrots 'Y7ray€TC Kat vp.cts ets tov ajjure- 
Xa>va. oi^tas 8c ycvottevr/s Xcyct o Kvptos tov a/x7T€Xc3vos 3 
ai/Tots to) £7rtTp07ra) avrov KaX€o~ov tovs epyaras Kat a*7ro8os ' 

tov fxicruov apfattcvos a7ro to>v co-^gitwv ccos tojv 7rpa>- 
twv. cX^o^tcs 8e ot 7rcpt T/)v c^ScKaTT^v Jjpav ZXafiov dvd 9 
Srjvdptov. Kat cX#ovt€s ot 7rpa>rot cvcitto-av oTt TrXetov Xt;//- 10 
xj/ovrar Kat eXa/3ov [to] dvd S^vaptov Kat avrot. Xafiov- n 
T€S 8c cyoyyv^ov Kara tov otKo8cor7ro'rov Xeyovrcs Ovrot 12 
!]>?»/ auTov? ot co*^arot tttav wpav C7rot7;crav, Kat tcovs r avrov5 17/xtv" 
liroiy]o'a^ rots /^aoTaVacrt to fidpos Trjs 77/xcpas Kat tov 






XX 



RATA MA99AI0N 



47 



13 Kdvcruva. 6 Sc dwoKpiOels r evl olvtidv enrev Eroupe, ovk a- 

14 $ik<2 ore* ov%l hrjvapLOv o-vvetjxjjvrjcras jt/,01 ; apov to aov 
Kal uVaye' ^e'Xa) r 8e n tovtc? t<d la-^aTi^ Sowai cos /cat crot" 

15 OVK €%€OTW (JLOL O 0eX(O 7rOL7](TaL Iv TOLS ZfXOLS *, 7/ 6 O^aA- 

16 /xos cou 7rovr)p6<; ianv otl eyw aya#os a/u; Ouroos €o*ov- 
rat 01 la^aroi Trpwroi Kal ol irpwTOi ecr^aio^ 



el-rev eta airrilv 



[e'yco] 



-liroAAoi yap elaiv 
kAtjtoI oAtyoi Se 

€KAcKTOl.h 



x 7 l MeXXfc)V Se dvaj3dLV€Lv 'Irjaovs? eis 'IcpocrdXiY^a TrapeXa- Kal dwxjSaiWi' 6 
/?cv roi;s SwScAca [/xa#?7Tas] Kar' tStW, Kal ev rfj 6S<2 el-irey 

18 avTols 'ISctj dva/3aii'OjjL€V cis 'iepocroXvjua, Kal d uids rot; 
dv6pu>irov 7rapa&o9r)<TCTcu tois dp^tep^vcrtv kol ypajjLjjiaTev- 

19 <tij/, Kal KaraKptvo-ucrtv a-uror [#aj/aTO)], Kal TrapaStocrovcriv 
avrov Tois Z6v€ctlv cts to e/ATrai^at Kal jxacTTiy uyaai koX 
(TTavptocraL, koll rfj rpcrrj yaipa r iy€p9rj<T€Tatl. aVacmjo-eraf 

20 Tore TrpovrjXOev avTw rj fJLTjrrjp rwv vlwv ZefSeSatov aerd 

top vt(Ci/ avTrjs 7rpQo~KWov(Ta Kat alrovaa tl r a7r n avrov, nap 

21 d Se ct^ei/ a^T>J Tt #eXcis; r Xiy€L aura) 1 Ei7re «/a gSeelTrei' 

Ka6LO~W(TlV OVTOL ol SvO vloL jJLOV €tS €K SeflO)!/ Kal €tS c£ 

22 eua)i/Tj//.a)v crou iv rrj /3acnActa <rot>. airoKpiOzls he 6 
'Irjaovs elircv Ovk ol&oltz tl atTetaOe' SvvacrOe 7tl€lv to 
TTOTiqpiov o eyco fxiXXm ttlvclv, Xiyovcnv avT<2 Avvdutda. 

23 Xeyci avTols To a\v TTOT-qpiov jjlov irUaOe, to Se KaOtaai 

€K Sc£ i<2v fxov r KaV i£ evtovv/JLitiV ovk ecrrtv iuov T Sot-vat, »/ 1 toOto 

24 a\\ ots rjTOLjj.ao~TaL nro tov iraTpos jjlov. Kat aKou- 

25 cravrcs ol 8cKa r^jyavaKTrjaav rrtpl t<2v Svo aSe\</>c3i/. d 8e 
Irj&ovs 7rpocrKaXco-ajU.€vos avrovs eTwev OtSarc 0T6 ot ap- 

^OVTCS TWV iOvWV KCLTOLKVpLCVOVO-LV CLVTWV KCLL OL fX€ya\oL 

26 Karcfovo-ta^ovcrtv ai;Ta)i/. oi;^ ovtws Io~tlv Iv v/xlv aXX b<s 
av 6k\yj r lv vfxiv /xeyas 1 yevio-Qai eo-rat v/xa)i/ StaKovo?, 

27 Kal os av 6^X77 r ev vplv zlvat? Trpwros ecrrat i;/xc3j/ SovXos* 

28 wcr7r€p d mos tov dv0poj7rov ovk rjXOtv 8LaKovr}0rjva.L aXXa 
StaKoi/Tjcrat Kal Sovvqll ttjv xj/v^rjv olvtov XvTpov glvtl ttoXXwv. Ap. 



/Lteyas tv vynv 
elpai vfJuZv 



48 KATA MA99AI0N XX XXI 

Kat €K7TOp€VOlX€V0)V CLVTtoV aiTO IcpC^Cd Tj Ko\ov6rj(T€V 29 

avT<3 o^Xos iroXvs. Kal ISov Svo ruc/>Aot KaOrjfxevoL irapa 30 
7rjv dSdv, aKOvo"avT€<z otl Irjcrovs 7rapayct, tKpa^av Xiyov- 
vte res Ki5ptc, Ikirjcrov rjfxas, r vl6'f i Aauct'S. o 8e c^Aos cVert- 31 

fX7](T€V CLVTOLS LVOL CTtW7nf(7(0CrtV Ot §€ /LtCt^OV €Kpa£dV A.C- 

vie yovrcs Krptc, iXirjo-ov 77/xas, ""vios" 1 Aavufr Kat ords 32 

[d] 'Iyycrors £<f>iov7)cr€v avrov<s Kat ct7rei/ Tt OeXtre ttoltJcto) 
vjluv; Xiyovvw olvtm Kvptc, tra avotyaxrti/ 01 6(f>6aXfxol 33 
,4A yfjitov. (nrXayxyLcrOtis Sc o I^crors rjxpaTo tujv dyut/zaYtoj/ 34 

avrdji', Kat cv^cws avefiXtxf/av Kat rjKoXovOrjaav avTw. 

Rat ore rjyyLaav cts 'Iepoo-dAiyxa Kat ^Aflo* cts B?70- i 
<j>ayrj cts to *Opos twv 'EXaiwv, totc 'I^o-ovs a7rcoT€tAci> 
Suo [AaOrjrds Acywv auTots Ilopcvccr^c cts r?)v K(ifM7]v rrjv 2 

KarivOLVTl V/XWV, Kat CV0US €Vp7]0~€T€ OVOV $C§€fX€V7]V Kal 

ayere 7ra>Xov p.€T avTrjs* Xvo-avrcs ^yaycrc 1 {Lou Kal idv TtS 3 

VfJLLV el-JTrj TL, CpCtTC OTL O KVplOS aVTUV \p€tav €^€f 

evOvs 8c aVooTcAct avrovs. Tovto 8c ycyovcv Iva ttXtj- 4 
pu)6fj rd p7)Q\v Sta tou irpocfyrjTov Acyovros 

EmATe th Gyr^Tpi Sioon 5 

'lAoy 6 BaciAsyc coy epxeTAi coi 

npAyc kai eniBeBHKooc eni onon 

kai eni ttooAon yion Ynozyn'oY. 
nopcv^cVrcs Sc ot fxaOrjral Kal Troi-qo-avTes Ka9(DS owe- 6 
ra£cv avrots d 'Irycrovs rjyayov ttjv ovov Kat tov ttwAoi', Kal 7 
liriOrjKav lir avTwv ra t/xaTta, Kal hriKaBivzv cVaVa) ai;- 
Twv. d 8c TrActoros d^Aos eo-Tpwo^av eavTwv ra t/xaYta 8 
cV tt} o8w, aAAot Se Zkotttov kXclSovs ano twv Sivopwv /cat 
io-Tpwvwov Iv Trj dSw. ot Se o^Aot ot 7rpoayovTCS avroi' 9 
Kat ot o!koAov6o{;i/tcs c/cpa^ov Acyovrc? 

'Oaavva t<3 vlQ Aavcto* 
EYAorHMGNOC 6 epXOM6NOC 6N ONOMATI KypiOY* 

il or aw a cv Tots vxJ/lo-tols, 
Kat cto"cA0dvros avrou cts 'lcpoo~dAv/xa io~€icr6r] 7racra rj 10 



XXI RATA MA0GAION 49 

11 7roXt5 Xeyovcra Tt's cortv ovtos; ot 8c o^Xot cXcyov Ouros 
ccrrtv o 7rpo<fir]Tr]s Irjaovs 6 aVo Na£apc0 rrjs raXtXatas. 

12 Kat clarjXOev *Irj<rovs cts to tcpoV T , Kat e£c/?aXci/ -iTou^eovr 
Travras tovs 7raAoviTas Kat ayopa^ovras cV r<5 tcp<3 Kat 
ras T0a7rc£as to>j> koWv/3i<tt<2v KaTcVrpei^cv Kat ras Ka- 

13 OeSpas t<2v 7ru)\ovvT(i)v ras 7rcpto-Tcpas, Kat Xcyct auTots 
Yiypa-TTTai '0 oikoc Moy oTkoc npoceyxHC kAh9hc6- 

14 TAI, £/A€ts 8e avToV 7rotctT€ CTTHAAION Ahctgon. Kat Trpoa- 
rjXOov ai'rw Tv^Xot Kat ^wXot cV t<3 tcpcp, /cat iOepd- 

15 severe*/ auTO^s. 'ISoVtcs 3c ot ap^tcpcts Kat ot ypa/x/xaT€ts 
ra OavfJid(TLa a iwoLrjcrev Kat tovs 7ratSas toijs Kpa£oi/Tas 
cV rw tcpa) Kat XcyovTas Oo~avva to) vta> Aavct'S 

16 rjyavaKTrjcrav Kat ziirav clvt<2 Akovzls tl ovtol Xeyov- 
ctlv ; o Sc 'I^o-ovs Xcyct airrots Nat* ovScVotc dveyvayre 
OTL 'Ek CTOMATOC NHTTIOON KAI GhAAZONTOON KATHp- 

17 TICOO AINON; Kat KaTaXt7rcJv clvtovs i£rj\6cs 
c£a) rrjs 7roXcco5 cts l^rj9avtav, Kat rjvXio-drj cKCt. ^/. 

jrt IIpcDt 8c r c7ravayay(oi/" 1 cts T^y 7roXti/ cVctvacrev. Kat eTravd-yuv 

lO(i)V (TVK7]V JXLOLV C7Tt TT^? OOOV TjAU€V C7T CLVTTJVj Kat 

ov8cv cvpcv cV avT?} ct /x?} <f>vXXa fiovov, Kat Xcyct avTfl 
Ov fX7]K€.TL Ik crov Kapnos yevrjrai cts Tor atwva* Kat 

20 e£rjpdv6r] Trapa^prj //a 7; (TVKrj. Kat tSoVrcs ot /j.a9r}Tal 
lOavfJiao-av Xcyovrcs Ilajs 7rapa^p^/xa l^rjpdvOrj -q ctvkyJ; 

21 aVoKpt^cts Se d 'I^crous ct7rcv avrots AfJirjv Xiyco v/mv, 
caV t-XQ 7 * ttlcttlv Kat //-t) StaKpt^TC, ov fiovov to ttJs 
o-vktJs 7roi7]<jeT€j aXXa Kav ra) opct tovtw ctTnyrc Apdrjrt 

22 Kat /SXtjOtjtl cts tt;i/ OdXao-crav, ycv^rcrat* Kat 7raVra 
ocra ai/ alr7]arp-€ iv ry irpouzvxQ TricrTevovTes Xrjfx- 
^co-0c. 

23 Kat cX^dvros ai;Tov ct? to tcpov 7rpoo~f}X6av avT& St8a- 
ctkovtl ot ap^tcpcts Kat ot 7rp€cr/3vT€poL tov Xaov XeyovTCS 
'Ev 7rota l^ovaia. javra 7rotcts; Kat Tts o*ot cSojkcv 'nyi/ 



SO KATA MA0GAION XXI 

i£ovo-cav Tav-rrjv; diroKpiOeU [Se] o 'I^cro^s €t7rci> clvtols 24 
'Epo)T7/(T(0 v/xas Kayto Xoyov eva, ov eav tnrrjTt /xot 
Kayco v/xlv epto ev iroia e^ovcria ravra 7rotar to /3a7rrt- 25 
oy>ta to 'itoaVou 7ro#€V ^v; cf ovpavov 77 ef av6pd>7ro)v; ol 
na P Sc SteAoyt^oi/TO r €i/~ l Ja-uTotg AeyovTes 'EaV ct7ra>/x€V 'E£ ov- 

pavov, epct 77/xtJ/ Ata Tt ow ovk cVtcrrcucraTe avrw ; 

€*aV Se €L7T(iifJL€V *Ef dv0pU>7TU)V, tfiofiovpLeOo. ToV S^OV, 26 

7ra^TCS yap cos 7rpo^>7]Trjv e^ovcnv tov 'Iwdvrjv koll aVo- 27 

KpL0€VT€<S T(3 'i^tTOU CtTTaV OvK Ot8a/X€V. €c/)7y CLVTOIS KCU 

clvtos OvSe cyco Xcyco £p,tj/ eV 7rota efovcrta, TauTa 7rotco. 
SJo T€Km I kcu Tt 8c v/xty So/cct ; dvOpwrros e£x ei/ rr€/cva 8uo n . T 7rpoo~eX- 3S 
#coj/ tcu 7rpa>ra) enrev TeKvov, vrraye crrj/xepov epyd^ov ev 

dlxirtXwt fxov T& r ajJL7Te\o)Vf?' 6 Se d7TOKpi$€is €L7T€V 'EyCO, KVptf KCU 29 
OVK aTTTjXueV. 7rpOCT€/\#CoV 8 6 TCU SeUT€pCO €t7T€V Gjcavrcos* O 30 

0€ airoKpi6e\<z el-rev Ov QeXoi* vcrrtpov fxeTafxeX-qOeX^ d-n-rjk- 

6eV. TLS €K TcCv SuO €7TOLr)(T€V TO 6iXr]fXa TOV 7TaTpOS ', 31 

<d/>-f r Xeyovo~iv 'O vcrTepos^ Xeyei clvtoIs o 'Irjcrovs Afirjv Xeyio 

v/xlv otl ot TeAcovat Kat at iropvai Trpoayovaiv -u/xas ets ttJi/ 
fiacrtXuav tov Oeov* rjXOev yap 'IcoaVrys 7rpos v/xas cV o- 32 
Sco StKaiocrw?7?, Kat ovk €7rtcrT€i;craTe avrcu* 01 Se TeAtoVat 
Kat at Trdpvat €7rtOTevcrav aiVar v/xets Se tSdvTCS ovSe p,€T€- 
lLzXrj6r)T€ vo-Ttpov tov ino-TevcraL avTO). "AA- 33 

Xrjv 77apa(3oXrjv aKovcraTe. AvOpoiiros rjv ot/<o8ccr7ro- 
tyjs oo-Tis ec^YTeyceN AMneAooNcX kaj OpAfMON aytco 
nepie0HK6N k&i aipY^eN In aytoj Ahnon kai coko- 

A()MHC6N TTYprON, Kat l^HeTO avTov yecopyots, Kat ccttc- 
Srjfxrjaev. ore Se tfyyccrev 6 Katpos tcuv KapTrcor, a7T£- 34 
orctAcv tous SovAors auroi) 7rpos tot)s yccopycus Aa^ctr tot)s 
Kap7rovs auTOi;. /cat Xol(36vt€<; ol yeiopyot tot)s SovAous 35 
avTOi; ov fJLtv eoctpav, 01/ 0€ aTrtKTCivav, uv be ektuopo- 
Xrjaav, ttolXlv airecrTeLXev aAAovs SouAovs TrAct'cva? tcuV 36 
7rpcoTcov, Kat hroiiqa-av avTots cucravTcos. vtTTcpov Se a7re- 37 
orctAcv 7rpos clvtovs tov vlov avTov Aeycov Ei/Tpa7nycroyTat 



VfJLLV, 



XXI XXII KATA MAO0AION 51 

38 tov vlov [Jlov. ol Sc ycwpyot [SoVtcs rov vlov elirov Iv 
eavrols Ovtos kcrriv 6 KXrjpovofJLOS' SevTC aVoKTetvco/xcv 

39 CLVTOV KCLl €Ty£>}X€V TT)V KXrjpOVOfJLLCLV GLVTOV' KOLL Xa/36vT€<S 

40 clvtov ii;£fiaXov cfco tov dfjareXwvos Kat airiKTeivav. orav 
ovv eXOrj 6 Kvpio<z tov a/XTTcAawos, Tt Trotrjcrei tols yccopyots 

41 eKetVots; Xiyovcriv aura) KaKOVS kglkws airoXeaa aurous, 
Kai tov a/xTTcXalva €K8uxrcTat aAAots ycwpyots, otTtvcs 
drro^(icrov(TLV clvtio tovs Kap-rrovq ev rot? Katpots avTiov. 

42 Ac'yet avTois 6 'irjcrovs OuSeVore dveyva)T€ iv Tats ypa- 
<£ats 

Ai0on on attgAokimacan oi oiKoAoMofNTec 

OYTOC er€NH0H €!C Ke4)AAHN r<*>NI&C' 

TTApA Kypioy ereNCTO ayth, 

KAI 6CTIN 0AYMACTH 6N 6({)0AAMoTc HMGON ; 

43 81a tovto Acyco r u/xti/ 6Vt n apOrjaeraL a<£ vjjojjv rj /3ao"tActa 

TOU #£OV Kai $O0T](T€TaL Wv€L 7TOLOVVTL TOVS KapTTOVS aVTTjS. 

44 [Kat o TrecraV cVt tov XlOov tovtov G~vv6Xacr0rj(T€TaL' i<f> bv 

45 8' av Tricrrj XiKfuyjcrei avToV.] r Kat aKovcravTC^ 'AxwVai/Te? 6e 
ot dp)(iep€i$ Kai ol 3>aptcratot Tas 7rapa/3oAas avrov eyva)- 

46 crav 6Vt 7T€pt aurwi/ Aeycr Kat ^towtcs avrov Kparfj- 
o-at itfaofirjO-qcrav tovs o;(Aovs, cVet cts TTpo^rjrrfV avrov 

1 ct^ov. Kat aVoKpt^ets o 'I^crovs 7raAu/ €t7T€v cV 

2 7rapa/?oAats auTOts Acyaw '0/xota>#?7 7; fiacnXeLa tc3v oupa- 
vd>i/ dv6p(o7r<o /^acrtAet, oorts liroiiqcrcv yd/xovs t<3 ut<I> 

3 avrov. Kat a7rccrTctAcr tovs 8ovAovs avrov KaXicrat tovs 

4 kckA^/xcVov? ets tovs yd/xovs, Kat ot;k rjOeXov eXOeLv. TrdXiv 
airicrTtiXev aAAovs 8ovAovs Aeycav Et7raT€ rots k€kXtj- 

/XCVOtS 'iSoV TO apLCTTOV fJLOV T^TOt/XaKa, Ot TavpOL fJLOV 

Kai ra atTtora re^utteva, Kat iravTa Irot/xa* Seure cts 

5 rovs ya/xovg. ot 8e a/xcA^o-avTCS a7r^A6ov, os /xev ets tov 

6 totov aypoVy os oc C7rt t>;^ c/x7roptav aurov ot oe Aot7rot 
Kpa-n]cravT€<; tovs SovAous avTov vj3ptcrav Kai aVcKTetvay. 

70 8c fSao-iXeus wpyicrOrj, Kai 7T€/xi^as to o*TpaT€u/xaTa 



52 KATA MA00AION XXII 

avrov airdXecrev tovs </>ovcts cKCtvovs Kat irjv ttoXlv avrwv 
lviirpr](T€V, tot€ Xc'yci Tots SovXots avrov 'O jxlv ya/xos 8 
crot/xos icrTLVy ot Sc K€KXr]p,evoi ovk fjcrav d£tor iropeveaOe g 
ovv cVt rds Stc£dSovs twv 68<jjv, koli oaovs lav €vprjr€ 
KaXeaare cis tovs yd/xov?. Kat c£cX#6Vr€S ot SovXoi 10 
CKCtvot cts ras 080 vs avvrjyayov irdvra^ ovs evpov, ttovt}- 
povs tc Kat dya0ovV Kat lirXxicrOy) o vvfjL<f>wv avaKetp.cVa)v. 
do-€\6wv Sc d (SacnXevs QtdaaarOai rovs aVaKCt/icVovs et8ci> » 
€K€t avOpuiTTov ovk cVScSv/acVoj/ cVSv/>ta ydpov Kal Xcyct 12 
•4A avVa> 'Eratpc, 7rdjs elaijXOes cSSc /xt) c;(wv tvSv/xa ya'/xov; 

6 Sc i<f>ifjajjdrj. Tore 6 /3ao-tXcvs et7rci/ Tots StaKoVots A??- 13 
cravrcs avrov 7rdSas Kat ^ci/aas iKfidXere avroV cts to 
(JKOTOS TO C^OJTCpOV CKCt carat KXavOfxos Kal 6 (3pv- 
y/xos twv oSovtcdv. 7roXXot yap cto-ti/ kX^toI dXtyot 8e 14 

€KXcKTOt. 

Totc Tropcv^cvTCS ot <£>aptcratot o"vp./JovXtov eXafiov 15 
07TWS avroV 7rayiScvo"(oo-tv cv Xoya>. Kat a7rooTcXXovo-tv 16 
avrw tovs jJLadrjTas avTwv /xcTa twi/ Hpa>Stava>j/ Xcyo^Tas 
AtSao^KaXc, otSattcv 6V1 dXrjOrjs ct Kat r>7i> 0801/ rov 0€ov cV 
aXrjOtia StSacrKcts, Kat ov /xc'Xct o"ot Trcpt ovSevdg, ov yap 

/JXcVctS CtS TTpOO-UnrOV dvOptoTTtoV Ct7ToV OvV T^/Xty TL 0"Ot 17 

SoKct* c£cortv SovVat Krjvo-ov KatVapt 77 ov; yvovs Sc\i8 
o I^crovs T7/v Trovqpiav avrwv ct7rcv Tt p,c 7rcipd£cTC, 

VTTOKplTai; cVtSctfaTC /XOt TO VO/XLC/Xa TOV KT/VO-OV. Ot 19 

6 'I»f<rovs Sc Trpoo-qveyKav avru> Srjvdptov. Kat Xcyct avrots T TtVos 20 

77 cikwv avr/7 Kat ?J cVtypa</>?7 ; Xcyovo-tv Kaarapos. rdrc 21 
Xcyct avrots AttoSotc ovv Ta Katcapos KatVapt Kat ra 
tov ^cov tw dew. Kat aKovcraircs lOavjxao'av, Kat a<£cVrcs 22 
avTOV aTrrjXOav. 

'Ek €K€Linrj rrj rjp.epa irpoo~r}X6ov avrto SaSSovKatot, Xc- 23 
yorrcs /xi} ctvat avacrrao-tv, Kat i7rr}p<tiTr]crav avrov Xiyov- 24 
res AtScEo-KaXc, Mwvo^s ct7rcv 'Ean TIC ahoOanh MH 
exooN TeKNA ; fcnirAMBpeycei 6 IheXcpoc A^Tof thn 



XXII 



RATA MAGGAION 



53 



TYNAIKA &YTOY KAI ANACTHC6I CTTCpMA TO) AAeA(t)Cp 

25 AYTOf. rjcrav Sc irap tj/juv kirra a8cX<£ot* kcll 6 7rpwTog 
yry/xas cVeXcirrtyo-ci', Kat p,r? c^coi/ 0-iripp.a dcfafJKtv irjv 

26 ywatKa avrov t<o aScX<£<i> avrov* o/xota>? Kat d ScvVcpos 

27 Kat O TpLTOS, €WS TtoV €7TTa* uo-rcpoi/ Sc 7rdvT<av diriOavev 

28 7; yw?/. cV ttJ avacrraaet ovv rtfos rcoi/ C7rra ccrrat yu- 

29 V77; 7ToVt€s yap co-^ov avrrjv. a7roKpi6a.<s Sc d 'I^covg 
clVcr avrots lTXavao-#€ p,?7 etSorcs ras ypa<f>d<$ /xtiSc r^v 

30 Svvatuv tot; 6eov' kv yap ttJ aVaoracrct ovt€ yajmovo'iv 
ovt€ ya/xt^oi/Tat, aXX ws ayycXot cV T(3 ovpaya) ctcrtV 

31 7T€pt Sc T779 araoracrctos to>v v€Kpu)i> ovk aVeyvtoTC to prj- 

32 #ci/ v/uj/ V7TO tov 6eov XcyovTos 'Ere!) 8IMI 6 0€OC 

'ABpAAM kai 6 eeoc 'Icaak kai 6 6eoc \IakgoB; 

33 ot;k €cttlv [o] 0cos vcKpwi/ aXXa £aWau'. Kat aKovVavTes 
ot o^Xot €^€7rXrja-crovTO iirl rrj SiSa^r} avrov. 

34 Ot Se <PapLcraLOL aKovVavrcs on c<£i)aa)cr€V rovs 2a8- 

35 SovKatovs crvvri\6y}(Tav cVt to avrd. Kat eirrjpwTrjo'ev cts 

36 cf avrwi/ vo/xtKos 7rctpa£a)v avrov AiSao"KaXc, 7rota eVroA^ 

37 ^yd-Xrj kv tw i/dtup; d Sc €<£?? avra> 'ArATTHCCIC K^piON 
TON OeON COY ^N OAH KApAlA COY KAI 6N OAH TH 

38 YYX^ C °Y KAI €N OAH TH AlANOIA COY* CIV777 ccrrtl/ 77 

39 fJLeyaXrj Kat Trporrrj IvtoXtj. Scvrcpa r d/xota r avTrf n 'Af"A- 

40 TTHCCiC TON TTAhciON COY dbc C6AYTON. cV Tavratg rats 
Svo"ti/ cVroXats 0X0$ 6 vdfxos Kpc/xarat Kat ot 7rpocf>rj- 

41 rat. HvvrjyfJLevwv 8c rcov ^aptcratW iirrjpwTrjcrtv 

42 avrovs o l77cro{}s Xcywv Tt v/xti' SoKct 7rcpt tov ^ptcrroi; ; 

43 rtVos utds coTtv ; Xcyovcrtv avrw Tov Aavet'S. Xcyct clvtoIs 
Ila)? oJv AauctS iv 7rvevjJiaTt KaXct r arrdi/ Kvpiov ' Xcycov 

44 ElncN KVpioc to) KYpico moy Ka9oy eK AcIioon Moy 
eooc an Go) toyc exOpoYC coy Yttokatco toon ttoAoon 

coy; 

45 ct ovv AavctS KaXct avrov Kvpiov, 7ra)s vtds clvtov Io-tlv; 

46 Kat ovScts cSwaro dTroKpiOrjvcu avrai Xdyov, ov8c ctoX- 



Ofiouut I avrfi 



Kvpiov avrbv 



54 RATA MAGGAION XXII XXIII 

fxrjcriv tls air c/cctV^s ttJs rjfiepas i7repu)Trj(rai avrov ovkcti. 

Tore [d] 'Irjcrovs iXdXrjaev Tots o^Xots /cat rot? fiadrj- i 
rat? avrov Xiyutv 'E7rt rrjs Mowcre'cos /ca#c8pas iKaOurav 2 
01 ypafijxaT€LS /cat ot 3>apto-atot. iravra oiv ocra iav cnra)- 3 
(Tiv vfxtv 7ron7<xaT€ /cat TT/petrc, Kara Se Ttt Ipya avrw /at; 
7rotetTe, Acyoucrtv yap /cat oi; ttoiovvw. Sccr/xcvovcrtv 8c 4 
icai SvtrjSa'oTcucra c/>oprta /3apia T /cat Ittitl6£(X(TW iiri tgvs wjxovs tujv dv6pw- 
7ra)V> avTol Se t<3 Sa/cruAa) auru>j/ ot> ^cAouo-tv Kivrjaai 
avrd. iravra Se ra cpya ai;7W Trotovcrtv Trpds to OeaOfjvai 5 
Tots dvOpwTTOis* irXaTvvovcri yap ra (f>vXaKTT]pta avrwv /cat 
ficyaXvvovcn rd tfpacTTreSa, <J>lXovctl Se rrjv TrpwTo/cXtcrt'aV 6 
iv rots &€17tvol<; /cat ras Trpwro/ca^cSptas eV rats owayw- 
yats /cat tovs acnrao-piovs iv rats ayopats *at KaXecaOai 7 
■U7TO twi> dv6p<jJ7rix)v 'Yafifiei. vfxtis 8c /x?/ KXrj8rJT€ 8 
Pa/?/?€t', els yap carti/ i5/^c3^ d 8tSacr/caXos> 7rdvTe<s Se 
tyxets aSeXc/>ot core* /cat iraripa jxrj KaXecrrjTe v/jlcdv eVt 9 
ttJs y^, ets yap ecrTti> t3/xcDv d Trairjp 6 ovpdVtos* /x^Se 10 
KXrj9rJT€ KaOrjyrjrai, ort KaOrjyrjTrjs i5p,aV ecrrlV €ts d XP l " 
otos* o oe p,et£<jw lyxwi/ carat lyxwj/ ota/covos. Ocrrts oe I2 
vxj/wcrei iavrov Ta7r€tva)^TycrcTai, /cat darts Ta7retva)0-et eav- 
Ap. rov vif/iodijoreTaL Oval 8c vplv^ ypa/x/xarets /cat 14 

4>apicratot viroKpira^ otl /cXetere rrjv /3ao-iXetav twv oupa- 
vw^ ejxTrpocrOtv twv dv6pw7TQ)V i3/xets yap ou/c cto"cp^eo-^€, 
cvSe roi5s eta-ep^o/xeVous a<£teT€ elaeXOetv. Oval v/juv, 15 
ypa/x/xarets Kat ^>apto*atot viroKpiTai, ort 7T€ptaycr€ 7771/ 
OdXaaorav Kal tyjv ^rjpdv TroLrjcrat eva 7rpoay]XvTOV 9 /cat 
ora^ yiviyrai 7rotetr€ avrov vtdj/ yceVv^s 8t7rXdrcpov u/xwy. 
Ot'at a5/xtv, dS^yot rvcj>Xol ol Xiyovrcs *Os av dfJioo-y iv 16 
rep vaa), oi>8ev co~rtv, os 8' av 6/JLocrr] iv tw ^pvcrcp tou 
vaov dc^etXct* /xwpot Kat Tvc/)Xot, rt's yap fjLti&v ccrrtV, d 17 
Xpvcrds ^ d vaos o aytacras toj/ ^prcrdv; /cat " x Os av t8 
o/xocrrj iv r<3 OvcnacrT'qpi^ ovhiv icrriv, os 8' av 6fx6(rrj iv 

/acupot icai TW 8(Op(i) TO) e7Ta^CO a^TOl) Oc/>€tA€t* TV<f>XoL, Tt yap jU,€t£0V, 19 



XXIII 



KATA MAG0AION 



55 



20 to Swpov rj to 6vcnao-T7]pLov to dyid^ov to Swpov; 6 ovv 
ofjiocras kv tw OvcnacrTrjpLiD ofiwec kv avT<2 Kai kv 7rdo"t 

21 tols liraviti avTov' koll o o/xccrag kv t<3 vato opvveL kv av- 



22 tc3 Kat ey to) r KaToiKoiWt 



avTov 



Kai o ofiocras tv tu 
ovpavw ofivvet kv ra> Bpovio tov 6eov kcu kv T(3 KaOrj/xiva) 

23 C7ravco a-jror. Ovat i5/xti>, ypapLfxaTeis Kai 3>aptcratot vtto- 
Kptrat, ort a7roS€KaToi;T€ to ^Svoct/aov Kat to dvqOov Kat to 
KVfxivov, Kai dcf)T]KaT€ Ta /3apvT€pa tov voliov, ttjv KpLO~lV 
Kai to eAcog Kai ttjv ttlcttlv Tavra §€ ISet irovrjcrai KaKtcva 

24 fjaij dcf>€Lvai. oSrjyol Tv<j>\oL y $lv\l£ovt€$ tov Kwvu)7ra ttjv 
r$ Se KajjirjXov KaTa:rtVovT€?. Oral vpuv, ypa/z/xaTets i<al 

<&apio~aloi VTTOKptTaL, otl KaOapit^Te to cfto^ev tou ttottj- 
ptov Kai Trjs 7rapoi^t§09, ZcriD&ev Be yifiovcnv k£ dpTrayfjs 

26 kcu aKpao"ta<?. ^aptcrate Tv<fi\e, KaOaptaov TrpcoTOV to 
IvTog tou 7TOT7]piov j^Kat ttJs 7rapot/a§os], tya yivt}Tai Kai 

27 to €KT05 ovtov KaOapov. Oval vpuv, ypaLifxaTtis kcu 
<£>aptcratot v7roKpiTat, otl r 7rapo/xota^€T€ n Tacj>ois K€KOVta/X€- 
vots, o?tiv€S e^uOev jxlv <f>atvovTai copatot €0"a)#ei/ Se ye- 

28 [jlovo-iv ocrTeiDV veKpiov Kai 7racr7ys aKa^apcnas* ovtu>$ kol 
i5/x€t? t^uiOtv filv <£atv€cr#€ Tots dv9pu>7rois StKatot, k'awOev 

29 8e core fX€o~Tol v7roKptcrco)s Kat avo/uag. Oval VjJUV, 
ypafXfJLaTtLS Kai <&apio~aloL viroKpiTai, otl otKoSo/xctTC tot)s 
Tacfrovs t(Lv Trpocj>7)T<2v Kai KooyxetTe Tct Livrjixela twv 

30 StKatW, Kai Xey€T€ Ei rjpitOa kv Tats rffiipaLS tcov 7raT€- 

pa)I/ TJfAWVy OVK dv 7]fX€9a aVTW KOLV(DVol kv T(p a'lfXaTL TtoV 

31 7Tp0<j>r]TU>V €l>CTT€ fJLapTVp€LT€ CaVTOt? OTl VlOl CCTT6 TCUV 

32 <j)OV€V0~dvTQ)V TOVS 7Tp0cf)7]Ta<;. Kttt l5/X€L9 ^X^pWOaTC^ TO 

33 [X€Tpov tujv TraT€poyv vfioiv. ot^ets yevinjfxaTa k^Bvaiv, 

34 7TOJS fyvyryrt aVo t^s Kptcrcw? ttJs yeivvrjs; Std touto r iSoi) n 
eyco a7rocrT€A./\w Trpos v/xd? 7rpo^Tas Kat aocf>ov<s Kat 
ypa/xaaT€ts # c^ a^Tc5v a7TOKTei/€tTC Kat crTavpcucreTC, Kat 
c£ avralv p,acrTtyoJcrcT€ €V Tats crvyaywyats v/xc3v Kat 

35 Stw^€T€ card 7rdX€cus ets 7rdXtv 07ra>s e/^ e^>' v/xds 7rdv 



icaTocx^crarrt 



Ap. 



nXrjpuiaere 



'Kov 



56 



KATA MA0GAION 



XXIII XXIV 



atfxa StKatov eK)(yvv6fJLevov enl rrjs yfjs aVo tov ai/xaro? 

Ap. A/JcX tov StKatov coo? tov aijjLCLTOS Za^apLOV vlov Bapa- 

^toi;, ov Zcfaovevo-aTC p.€Ta£ v tov vaov kclI tov 6vo~Lao~T7]- 

vra raxha ptov. ajxrjv Xc'yca vp,tv, 7*£ct r Tavra iravTaP e7rt ttjv yevedv 36 
TavTrjv. 'Lepovo-aXrjjx 'icpovo-aXifp,, y aVoKTct- 37 

vovaa tovs irpo^rjia^ kolI Xt0o/JoXovo-a tovs aVeoTaX/Ac- 
vovs 7rpos avrrjv, — ttoo-clkls rj9£\r}o-a cTnavvayaytiv ret 
TCKva croVy bv Tpoirov opvis eincrvvdyu ra voorcria \avTrj<s\ 
v7ro ras TTTepvyas, Kat ovk yjOeXtfo-aTt; t8ov A(f>l'eTAI ^SMN 6 38 

ep-nnos OIKOC Y Ma3N ' • Xeyw yap i5p.iv, ov paj p.€ tS>7T€ aV apTt 

ecu? av ct7rr;T€ 

EyAorHMeNOc 6 ep)(6M€NOC In onomati Kypioy. 



Kat Z&Xdwv 6 Irjaovs airo tov Upov iiropcveTO, /cat 1 
7rpocrrj\6ov ol pLa6r]Tou avTov i7n8ei£cu avVw ras otKoSopas 
tov Upov' 6 Se diroKpiOels €Lirev avTols Ov /JXcVcre 2 
TavYa 7raVra; djjirjv Xey<o vp.tv, ov fxyj acf>c6rj a>§€ Xt#os 
C7rt XiOov os ov KaTaXv#?70-€Tat. 'K.aOrjfxivov Se avYov 3 

€7Tt TOV *OpOVS TOJV 'EXatOJV TTpOCTrjXOoV GLVTlp OL fiaOTJTOL 

Kar t8tW XcyovTC? EuroV rjplv 7tot€ TavYa co-Tat, /cat rt 
to crrjjJLeiov Trjs crfjs 7rapovo-tas Kat avvTcXctas tov atcuvos. 
/cat a7ro/cpt^€ts o e 'I^o-ovs €t7rcv avTots BXcVctc p,^ Tts 4 
vp.as irXavyo-Yj' 7roXXot yap cXcvcrorrat cVt t<3 ovofiaTL 5 
ftov XcyovTC? 'Eyci ctp,t o' xptoro?, Kat 7roXXovs 7rXav7;- 
crovo"tv. pieXXrjcreTe $e ciKovctv 7roX€p,ovs Kat aKoas 7roXe- 6 
/i<x)V opart, fir} 6potio~6e' A€l yap feisiecGAI, aXX' oviroi 
ZcttLv to tcXos. erep0HC€T<M yap eONOC erri IOnoc kai 7 

BAClAeiA eni BaCIA€IAN ; Kat ecrovTat Xtp.ot Kat 0"€to-/>tot 
KaTa T07TOVS' TrdvTCL 8e TavTa dp)(rj wStVwv. totc 7rapa- 8 
Saxrovo-tv x;p,as €ts OXtif/Lv Kat a7roKTcvovo-tv vp.a?, Kat 
ecreaOc p.to-ovp,cvot vVo iravTiav twv IOvQv Sta to ovofxa 
fjiov. Kat totc CKANAaAicOhcONTAI TTOAAOI Kat aXX^Xovs 10 
7rapa8<jtxrovcrtv Kat fxicrrjaovo-LV aXX^Xovs* Kat 7roXXot \j/€v- n 



XXIV KATA MA0OAION S7 

12 hoirpo$>rJTO.i iyepOrjcrovTcu kcu irXavqcrovcriv tto\\ov$' k<xl 
Sta to 7r\rj6vv6rjvaL ttjv avo/xtW xf/vyrjcrcTai rj aydirrj t<2v 

i? ttoXXujv. 6 Sc i;7ro/xctVas cts tc'Aos ovtos o-co^crcTat. Kat 
Kqpv^6rj(T€TaLi tovto to evayyeXiov rrjs /3ao-tActas Iv oXy 
rrj oLKOvfxevrj cts fxaprvpiov ttolctlv rots ZOvtcriv, kolI totc 

15 rjiet to tc'Aos. "Orav ovv . tSryrc TO BAeAyrMA THC 
epHM0C)C6(j0C to prjBkv Sta AavirjX tov irpoc^rJTOV cVtos 

16 6N TOTTOp Apcp, o aVaytvajo-Ka)i> voctVo), totc ot eV Tg 

17 'IouSat'a, (f>€vy€T<i)crav eis 1 Ta op?7, o cVt tov Sa)/xaTOS X177 gwi 

18 KaTa/3a.TO) apai Ta ck t^s otKt'as auTou, Kat d cV t<3 aypa) 

19 /xi; cVtcn-pei^aTa) O7TLO-0) apai to IpLaTiov avTOv. oval 8k 
Tats cV yacrTpl c^ovcrais Kat Tats ^Aa^ovo'ats cV e/cctVats 

20 Tats Ty/xcpats. 7rpoo-evx. € °~@ € ^€ fpa /X77 yevrjTat rj <f>vyt] 

21 vfxwv ^ct/xajvos /x^Sc o~aj3/3aT(0' ccrrat yap tot€ GAiyiC 
MepNAH OrA OY refONGN AH Ap)(HC KOCMOy 600C TOY 

22 NyN ou8' oi? /X77 yivrjTai, Kat ct xt?) iKo\of3d)07]aav at 
Tqfxipai cKctvat, ov/c aV ia^Orj iracra adp£* Sta Sc tovs 

23 c/cXeKTOus KoXo/3(o6yo-ovTaL at T^xepat cVctvat. Totc car 

TtS V/XtV Ct7T77 'iSoV JJSc O ^OtCTTOS 17 'HSc, /X?} 1TtCrT€VO'r]T€' 

24 zytpOrjo-ovTai yap i^cuSo;(pto-TOt Kat yeyAOTTpoc^HTAI, Kat 
AcOCOyCIN CHM6?A Me^AA KAl TepATA <0OT€ r TrXavda6aC trAa^aat 

25 ct OvvaTov Kat tovs ckAcktovs* 18ov TrpotiprjKa vplv. 

26 cav our ct7ra)crti> vtay 'iSou cV Trj IprjpuD io'Tiv, [xrj ££eX- 

27 6rjT€' IS01) cV Tots Ta/xctots, /xt} 7ncrT€vaY]T€' J)cr7rcp yap 
07 ao'Tpairy] cfcp^cTat aVd aVaToAwv Kat <£aiVcTat cws 
ovoyxtuv, outcos €0"Tat 77 irapovo~ia tov vlov tov dv6pw7rov 

28 o7rov cai/ 77 to 7TT(3/xa, cKet crvva^OrjO-ovTai ot dcrot. 

29 ElJ^CWS 8c XtCTCt TT7I/ 6Xilf/LV TWV 7;/XCpa)r CKCtV(OV 6 HAlOC 
CKOTICOHCeTAI, KAl H C6AHNH Oy A(i>C€l TO <£fcTTOC 

aythc, kai 01 ACTe'pec necoyNTAi aho toy ofpANoy, 

30 KAl Al AyNAMGIC TOON OypAN<2)N CAAeyGHCONTAI. Kat 
totc <j>avr}o~€Tai to arjfjitiov tov vlov tov dv0pw7rov ci> 
ovpavu, Kat TOTC KO^ONTAI TTACAI A| C^yAAl THC fHC 



58 RATA MAB9AI0N XXIV 

**gl Qif/ovrat ton yiON toy AN0poonoy epxoMeNON em 

TO>N N€(})eAa)N TOY Oyp^NOy /xera &vvdfJL€<DS Kat 80^7/5 
7roWrjs' Kat a7rocrT€\u tovs ayyeXovs avrov MGTA CAA'- 31 
^H?s TTirrOC T MeTAAHC, Kat eniCYNAiOYCIN TOl)? ckAcktoijs av- 

TOiJ GK TO>N TGCCApOON AN6M00N An AKpOON OYp AN( ^ N 

eooc [toon] AKpooN aytoon. 'A™ Se tt;? o-vkt;s 33 

/latere tt}j/ irapafioXrjv oVav tfSrj 6 kAciSos olvtyJs yevrjrai 
a7raAos Kal ra <fivXXa ckc/>vt7, ytvwo~KeT€ oVt cyyvs to 
6 epos' ovroys /cat u/x€ts, oVaj> tSriT€ irdvra ravra, yti/ax7/ccT€ 33 
ort eyyus €OTti> €7rt dvpats. afiyv Aeya> vpuv ort ov p,?} 34 
TrapiXOrj 77 yevca avrrj coos [av] irdvra ravra yivrjTau. 6 35 
ovparos /cat 17 yry irapeAeijo-CTat, ot Se Aoyot /xot? ov p,r; 
TrapiXOwcriv. Ilcpt Se rrjs 77/zepas c/cetV^s /cat wpas 36 
^4^. ouSeis otoev, ouSc ot ayycAot tow ovpavaji' ovSe o vtos, 

et p,*} o irajrjp fxovos. o)0~7T€p yap at rjfxepai rov »Na>e, 37 
ourojs Icrrat 7; irapovaia rov vlov rov avOpojTrov cd9 yap 3S 
Tjcrav iv rats Ty/xcpat? [cKCtVats] Tats 7rpo tou KaTanXva/Aov 
rpwyovTes /cat 7rtVorT€9, yap.owTCS /cat ya/xt^ovTcg, a^pt 77s 
97/xepas eiCHAGeN N<i€ eiC THN KlB0OTON ; /cat oi;/c Zyvuxrav 39 
ca)s t;A#€v o KaTa/cAuayxos /cat 7?p€j/ aTravTas, otjto>s carat 9; 
irapovcrta rov vlov rov avQpixmov. rdre tcovrai Svo iv t<3 40 
aypw, cts 7rapaAap,/3ai/€Tat Kat €t<j ac/nVrar Svo dXyjOovcrat 41 
ci> to) fAvXw, fAta 7rapaXafjL/3dverai Kat p,t'a ac/uVrat. yp>7- 42 
yopetTe ovv, oTt ovk otSaTC ?rota rjpepa 6 Kvpios v/xwv 
cp^eiat. CKetvo Sc ytvcx7K€T€ OTt ct ^Set o olKoSwiroTY)*; 43 
7rota cfrvXaKrj 6 kXIttttjs ep^cTat, iyprjyoprjcrev av Kat ovk aV 
ctao"€r hiopv-^Brjvai rrjv olklolv clvtov. Sta tovto Kat vjjLtis 44 
ytveaOe CTOtp<ot, oTt 77 ov 8oK€tT€ wpa o vlos rov avOpwirov 
cp^CTat. Tts apa Icrriv 6 iricnos SovAos Kat c/>povt/xos 6V 45 
Karia-TrfO'ev 6 Kvpios liri rrjs otKCTetas avrov rov Sou^at 
aijTOts ttjv rpo<j>rjv iv KatpaJ; jLtaKaptos o ScrCAos €K€ti/os 46 
ov eXOwv 6 Kvpios avrov zvprjcrei ovtus iroiovvra* dfxrjv 47 
Acyw vfxlv otl C7rt irdo~iv Tots ^7rap^ot;o-ti/ avTov Karao-ny- 



XXIV XXV KATA MA0GAION 59 

$&ei avroi'. edv 8e elirrj /ca/cos SovXos e/ceti/os ev rrj 

49 Kapoia avrov Xport£et fxov 6 Kvptos, Kal apf^rat rvirretv 
tols crvvSovXovs avrov, laOirj Se /cat irivrj fxerd T(3v p,e- 

50 6vOVTd)V 9 Tjfet O KVpiOS TOV SovXoV €K€LVOV eV 1^fX€pa 7) OV 

51 7rpocrSoKa /cat ev (Spa 77 ov ytvaxr/cet, koll Si)(OTOjX7]creL auToV 
/cat to fxepos avrov fxerd twv viroKpiT&v &y\crei % e/cet tcrrai 

1 o K\av9fJLos /cat 6 fipvyfxos t<j)V o&ovrtov. Tore 
c/xoi(i)6r]cr€Tat 77 fSacriXeia to>v oupai/ajj/ Se/ca irapOevoi^ 
atrtves Xafiovcrcu ra? Xap,7raSas eai>7W e^rjXOov eh virdv- 

2 T^O-tV TOl) VVjUL<j)LOV T . TT€VT€ Se e£ aUTtol/ ^(Taj/ fXtopal KCU 4 Kal r>fc W><f»js f. 

3 irevre <j>povLfxoL* at yap fjuopal Xaflovcrai rds Aap,7raSas 

4 [ai;Ta)j/] ov/c eXaj3ov //,€#' eavTwv eXaiov at Se </>poVtp,oc 
eXafiov eXaiov ev rots ayyetots p.era rwi/ XapLirdSo^v 

5 eainw. yjpovi^ovros Se toi) vv/jlcj>lov evvcrra^av 7racrat 

6 /cat eKaOevSov. fxecriqs Se vvktos Kpavyrj yeyovev 'iSou d 

7 vvfJLcf>Los, e^epyecrOe eh dirdvrr]criv. Tore rjyepOrjcrav Trdcrai 
at TTOLpQevoi e/cetrat /cat eKocr/xrjcrav Tas Aap,7raSa9 eavrwi/. 

8 at Se /xwpat rats </>povtp,ots enrav Aore 77/xtv e/c tou eXaiov 

9 v/Awv, ort at XapnrdSes tffjLwv crfiewvvrai. aTreKpiOrjcrav Se. 
at (frpovL/jLOL Xeyovcrai Mt^ttotc ov p.77 apKecrrj rjplv /cat ovk 
v/xtv iropevecrOe fxaXXov 7rpo? toi;? TraAowras /cat ayopa- 

10 crare eavrats. airep^ofxevwy Se avrwv dyopdcrai rjXOev 6 
vvfA^ios, Kal at eroLfJLOL elcrrjXOov per avrov eh tovs ya/xou?, 

11 /cat eKXeicrOrj 1) 6vpa. vcrrepov Se epyovrai /cat at Xot7rat 

12 irapQevoi Xeyovcrai K/upte Kvpte, dvot^ov tj/ullv' 6 Se. a7ro/cpt- 

13 ^ets ctTrci/ Afxrjv Xeyu) v/xlv, ovk olSa v/xag. Yprfyopetre ovv 9 

14 ort ot!/c otSarc tt)v rjjxepav ovhe Trj v wpav. Oo"7T€p 
yap av6pa>7T09 ot7roSr7/xwv eKaXecrev tot)s tStbvs SouAovs Kal 

15 irapeStoKev a^rots ra VTrdp^ovra avrov, Kal a> p-er cowkcj/ 
irevre rdXavra ca Se 8^0 w 8e eV, e/cacrrci) /cara r?J^ tStav 

16 Swap,tv, Kat direSrjpaqcrev. evOeuts rropevOets o ra 7re^Te 
TaXavTa Xaf3uv rjpydo-aro ev avroh koX eKepSrjcrev aAAa 

Jg ftevTe- cucravrws T d ra Svo eKepSrfcrev dXXa Svo- o Se tc) Kat 



60 RATA MA0GAION XXV 

iv Xaj3d)V i-ireXOwv wpv^ev yrjv kolI €KpV{f/€V to dpyvptov 

TOV KVpiOV CLVTOV. fl€T(X Sc TToXw XPW° V *PX €T0LL O KVpLOS 19 
TWV SovX(i)V CKetVCOV KCU CTVVaLp€L XojOV /ACT CLVTWV. KCLL 20 

irpocreXOwv 6 rd 7T€vr€ TaXavra Xa/Jtov 7rpoa"qv€yK€v aXXa 
irivTt raXavra Xcywv Kupte, tt€vt€ raXavra jjlol irapi- 
Sio/cas* tSe aXXa 7r€VT€ raXavra cKtphrjcra. Icjuf] avra) d 21 
Kvpios olvtov Ev, SouXc aya#€ kolI 7tl(tt€, iirl dXtya ^5 
7TIOTOS, €7rt 7roXXc3v ere Karao-r^o-ar cto-cX^e cts r^v ^apav 

TOV KVpLOV (TOV, TrpOO~tX6(S)V K(Xl G TO. $VO TaXaVTCJL Ct7T€V 23 

Kvpte, 8vo raXavra p.ot TrapcStoxas* tSe aXXa Svo raXavra 
€K€p07]cra. e<prj avru> o Kuptos avTov ±L.v, oovA€ ayat7€ Kat 23 
irt<rTbs^s Trtorc, €7ri oXtya r 7^9 7rto"ros n , C7rt 7roXXa>v ere KaTacrTrjao)' 

€tO"cX#e els rrjv ^apav roG Kvpiov crov, irpocreXOwv Sc Kat 24 
o ro ev raXavrov ciXt/^xos ct7rcv Kuptc, eyvwv o~€ ort 
CKXrypos €t avi9pa)7ro5, #€ptfo)V oirov ovk tcnreLpas Kat crvvd- 
ya>v d#cv ov 8tcc^K0p7^tc^as• Kat <f>o/3r)0€LS aVcX^wv tKpvij/OL 25 
to raXai'rov o~ov Iv rrj yrj* tSe *X €6S T0 °~ ov ' airoKpideis 26 
8e d Kvptos avrov €t7rcv avru> IIov^pc SovXc Kat OKvrjpi, 
T^Scts ort #ept£a> o7rov ovk €0"7T€tpa Kat o~uvayo) d0cv ou 
Stco^KopTrtcra ; cSct ere ovv fiaXeiv ra apyvpia fiov rots 27 
Tpa7T€^ctrats, Kat cX#a>v cyw iKOfiio-djJirjv av ro c/xov ot5v 
toko), apart ovv oV avroC ro raXavrov Kat Sore ra) 23 
cf^ovrt ra 8eKa raXavra* tw yap c^ovrt 7ravrt So^crcTat 29 
Kat 7r€pio~o~€v9rjo-€Tai' rov 8c /at) c^ovros Kat o l^ct dpOyj- 
acrat a7r avrov. Kat rov a^pctov SovXov €K/?aXcrc cts ro 30 
(Tkotos to c^wrepov CKCt Icrat o kXolvO/aos Kat o fipvyfAos 
twv dSovrwv. "Orav 8e eA0H rtos rov av^pa>- 31 

?rov cv rig 80^ avrov Kat TTA'nT6C 01 Arr^AOl M6T AYTof, 
rdre Ka6io-€i kiri Opovov Sdfr/s avrov, Kat o~uva^^rycrovrat 32 
ejjL7rpocr6€V avTov iravra ra l^vr;, Kat a<£opto~ct avrovs 
a7r' aXX^Xcov, wcrTrep d iroip.rjv dcf>opc^€L ra 7rpo/3ara a7ro 
T<3v ipi<f>wv, Kat o"r>yo'€t ra p,ev 7rpd/5ara ck Scftwv 33 
avrov ra 8e epicj>ia i£ €vu)vvfMi)v. tot€ epct d /3a- 34 



XXV XXVI KATA MA09AION 6 1 

aiXcvs toIs Ik qz^kZv q,vrov AerVe* ot €vXoyqpJ.vOi TOV 
7rarpos /xov, KXrjpovo pur] crave irjv rjToipLacrpLevrjv vpuv /3a- 

35 criXctav aVo KaTa/3oXrjs KocrpLov €7retVacra yap Kat e8oj/caT€ 
pot <£ayetv, iSiij/rjaa kolL €7TOTtcraT€ p,€, £cyos rjpaqv Kat 

36 crvvrjydyeTe fie, yr/xvos Kat 7repte/3aA.€Te /xe, rjcrOivycra /cat 
€7rco"K€i^ao"^e /xe, ei/ cfrvXaKrj rjpiqv Kat rjXOaTe irpos /xc. 

37 tot€ diroKpiBrjcTovTCLi arret) ot Stxatot Xeyovres Krptc, 7tot€ 
ere etSa/xcv 7T€tywvra Kat eOpeij/apLcv, y Stxj/wvTa kcu Ittotl- 

38 cra/xev; 7tot£ Se ere etSa/xev ^eVoi/ Kat crvvrjyayo/xev, i) 

39 yvfivov Kat 7repte/3a/Vo/xej/ ; 7tot€ Se ce etSo/xev dcrOevovvTa 

40 ?; cv (fivXaKTJ /cat rjXOopicv itpos ere ; Kat a7TOKpt#€ts d /2a- 
ovAers cpet auTots A/jltjv Xeyoi vpuv, icj> ocrov iTroirjerare 
£vl rovTtJV tujv dSeXcfxZv piov t<2v IXayicrroiV, i/iol kirovf]- 

41 caxc. totc epet Kat tois e£ evoivvpnav HopevecrOe a7r' e/xor 

K(LTr)pafJL€VOL CtS TO TTUp TO attoJ/tOI/ TO 7]T0tp.aCTpieV0V^ T(3 ^/« [ -i >?TOi>a- 

tapoAa) Kat Tots ayyeAots auToir eircivacra yap Kat 
ot;k eSajKare /xot <£aycu/, [Kat] eStt/r/icra Kat orK iiroTtcraTe 

43 /*** £eyos t^/xtii/ Kat or crvvrjyayeri /xe, yr/xi/o? Kat or 7T€pt- 
efidXeTi /xe, dcrOwrjs Kat eV cfrvXaKrj Kat orK eVeo-Ke't/'acr^e 

44 /xe. totc diroKptOricrovTCU Kat arrot AeyovTes Kr'pte, Trdre 
o"€ etSo/xev ireivQvra rj Saj/(2vra 7] ^ivov ?/ yrp,voV 77 dcrBevrj 

45 77 eV cfrvXaKrj Kat or 8t77K0V77cra/xeV cot; totc aVoKpt^creTat 
arrots Xeyiiiv 'A/xt}]/ Ae'yco r/xtr, ec/> oo"oy orK €7rotr;craT€ 

46 eVt TorTcoi/ tojv eXa^icrTa)V, orde e/xoi, eVo^'craTe. Kat aVe- 
Aer'owrat OYTOI 6SC Ko'Xacrti/ AldoNION, 01 Ae AlK&IOI 6IC 
ZCjOHN AICjoNION. 



i KAI ErENETO ore iriXeaev 6 'I^o-ors 7ravras Tors 

2 Aoyors Torrorg, et7rev Tots /xaOrjTOLS arror OtSare oTt 
/xera 8ro 77/xepas to 7racr^a ytVerat, Kat o rtos Tor dvOpii- 

3 7ror TTapaStSorat cts to crravpiiiOrjvai. Tdre crri/?j- 

5 



62 KATA MA09AION XXVI 

■^Orjcrav ol dp^iepels kcll ol 7rpeo~/SvTepoi tov Xaov els rrjv 
avXrjv tov ap^tcpeca? tov Xeyofievov Katac/>a, Kat crvvefiov- 4 
XevaavTO Iva tov 'irjcrovv SdAa) Kparyjawcrtv Kat aVoKTet'- 
voia-LV eXeyov Se Mr} iv rrj toprrj, Iva jxr) 66pv/3os yevrj- 5 
rat iv tco Xaw. 

L L 

Tov Se 'Irjcrov yevofxevov Iv 'BrjOavta Iv 01/aa ^i/mdvos 6 
rov XcwpoVy 7rpoo~r)X6ev glvtu) yvvrj e^ovcra aXa/3ao"Tpov 7 

fJLVpOV fSapVTLfJLOV KOLl KOLT€)(€€V €7Tt T^S K€<f>aXrjs CLVTOV 

avaKetjxevov. tSdrres Se ot p.a8r)Tal rjyavaKTrjcrav XeyovTes 8 
Eis Tt r] aVwAeta ai/ny; eSvj/aro yap tovto 7rpa0rjvat 7roX- 9 
Aou kcu 8o9fjvcu 7rra)^ot?. yvous Se o 'Irjcrovs eiirev avTols 10 
Tt K07rov<s irapeyeTe ttj yvvaiKt; epyov yap KaXov rjpya- 
craro els ifie- irdvTOTe yap tovs 7ttu>xovs e^ere jxeO* eav- n 
rcov, ifxe Se ov ttovtotc e^ere* /3aXovaa yap avrrj to fxvpov 12 

TOVTO eVt TOV (TW/XaTOS fJLOV 7TpO? TO eVTacjitacrat fJL€ €17017}- 

crev. dfJLTjv Xeyu) vjjuv, ottov iav Krjpv^Ofj to evayyeXiov 13 
tovto Iv oXdp tw Koo-fXiOy XaXrjB rjcreT at Kal o €7roL7jcrev avrrj 
els jjlvtjjxoo-vvov avrrjs. Tot€ T7opev6els els twv 14 

ScJSe/ca, 6 Xeyofxevos 'IouSas 'icrKapUDTYjs, 77pos tovs dp^te- 
pels eL7T€V Tt OeXeTe jiol Sovvat Kayd) vjjuv 7rapa8ajcra) 15 
araTripash avTOv; Ol Ae 6CTHCAN aura) TpiAKONTA r Apr7pi^. Kat 16 
oVd toT€ etpfjTet evKaipiav Iva avTOV 7rapaSa>. 

Tfj Se 7rpu>TYj tiov d^vjjitov it poo~r}XQ ov ol fJiaOrjTal tw 17 
'Irjaov XeyovTes Tlov 6eXeis eYotttacrttjaeV orot cjyayeZv to 
7ra(T^a; d Se et/rev e Y7rayer€ ets t^f ttqXw irpos tov Set^a 18 
Kat ctVare avrw 'O 8tScfo"KaXos Xeyet 'O Kaipos [jlov 
iyyvs Icttlv irpos ere 7rotc3 rd 7racr^a peTa twv fxaOrjTwv 
jjlov. /cat eiroirjcrav ol fJLaOrjTal <Js crvvera^ev avTols 6 19 
I^croi;?, /cat rjTOifxacrav to Trdcrya. 'O^tas Se 20 

yevofjLevrjs dveKetTO /xera twv 8aj8e/ca [tta^Tyraji/]. Kat 21 
io~6iovT(DV avTiov eiirev A/xrjv Xeyw vjjuv otl els e$ vjjlwv 
TrapaScocret tte. Kat X^7rou/xei/ot crc/)dSpa rjp^avTO XeyeLV 22 
avrw ets f/caoTOS Mifrt eyw et/xt, Kvpie; 6 8e a7TOKpt^ets 23 



XXVI KATA MA9GAI0N 63 

€t7T€l> '0 iuPdlj/aS fl€T IflOV TTjV X^P a * V T( ? Tpvf3Xii0 

24 ovtos /x€ TrapaStocrec o jxev vtos tov avOpwirov virdyu 
kcl9(x)S yiypairrai irepl olvtov, ovoll Se tw dvOpcirna €K€tVo> 
Si' ou o i;to5 too; aV0po)7rou TrapaStSoTar KaXoV rjv airro) €t 

25 ovk iy€vv7]8r] 6 dv6po)7ro<s €K€tvo5. a7TOKpt#€t5 Se 'lo^Sa? o 
irapaSiSovs avrov eirrev M.rjTi lyu> ct/u, pa/3/3ei; Xeyet 

26 a-urw Si) €t7ra9. 'Ecr^tovrwv Se auToSr Xa/Jojy 
6 'Irjaovs aprov Kal evXoytjcas 1/cA.acrej/ /cat 801)5 rots 

/JL(x6r]T(US €t7T€V Aa/?€T€ c/>ay€T€, TOVTO €0~TtV TO croj/za 

27 jaov. Kat Xa/3o)V irorrfpiov [/cat] ev^aptcTyjcra^ e'Sw/cei/ av- 

28 rot? Xeyo)v IIt€T€ c£ auTov 7ravT€5, touto yap eoTti> TO 

AIM& /XOU THC AIA0HKHC TO 7TCpt 7ToXXo)y iK^VVVO/XCVOV €t5 

29 dcpeav dfLapTLwv Xe'yo) Se i;/xtv, 01; /zt} 7rto) dir apTt €K tou- 

TOV TOV y€V7]jJLG.T0<S T7]S a///7T€Xot> €0)5 T^5 T]fJL€pa<S €K€LV7]^ 

OTav q-Jto 7rtVa) ju,€#' v/xc3v KatvoV cv rrj jBaciXeia rev 

30 7raTp05 jjlov. Kal vfAvijcavres i£fjX6ov €t5 to 

31 *0p05 twj/ 'EXatdov. Totc Xeyet airot5 o I^crovs 
IIavT65 i5/zet5 cncai/SaXto'iyT/crccr^e cv e/xot iv rrj vvktl 
tolvtt], yiypcenrai yap TTataIoo TON TT0IM6NA, KAI AlA- 

32 CK0pniC9HC0NTAI TA npc3ATA THC TTOIMNHC /JLCTa Se TO 

33 iy€p6fjvCLL /X€ 7Tpod£o) l5/X(Z5 €15 T^ TaXtXatW. a7TOACpt^€t5 

Se o Il€Tpo5 €t7r€i/ avT<3 Et 7rdvT€<s o-KavSaXta-^'croi'Tat eV 

34 crot, cyoj ouSeVoTe cKav$aXic97]o~ofJLai. cc/>^ avTw o* 'I?7o-oi;5 
'Afxrjv Xeyo) crot otl iv ravTij rrj vvktl irpiv aXeKTOpa cjxDvrj- 

35 crat Tpt5 d7rapvrj<jrj /xe. Xcyet avTo) o Xlerpos KaV 8«7 
/xe crvv col olttoO aveiv, cv fxrj ce a7rapvr)cofJLai. o/xota)5 
Kat 7ravT€5 ol fiaOrjTal eTirav. 

36 Totc €px€Tat /act avTwv o I^crovs €t5 x^piov Xeyojitvov 
TtOcrjjJLaveL, Kal Xiya tol5 /xaOrjTai^ 'KaOCcare avrov ea>5 

37 [ov] aTreX^oji' €K€t TTpocev^iDjxaL. Kal 7rapaXaf3ojv rov 
IleTpov Kat tovs Svo viovs ZefoSaiov rjp^aro XviruaOai Kai 

3 3 a8^/xovctv. Tore Xcyet avrots TTepiAyndc 6CTIN H YYX H ' 
MOY €0)5 Oavdrov /xeiVaT€ olSe Kat yp-qyoptire U€T Ifxov. 



64 



KATA MA00AION 



XXVI 



irpotrzkBuiv 



Kat 



efrecTGv eiri 7rpocra)7rov 



eintoV. it a At v tore 
yap 



avrov 39 



TTpOeXOlilV^ jXLKpoV 

irpoaev^opievos Kat Xeyov IlaTcp fxov y el Svvarov ecrTM 
7rapeX6aT(j) aw epuov to worrjptov tovto* wXrjv ov^ o5s cyca 
OeXoy aXX a>s crv. kcu epyerai 7rpos tovs fxaOrjTois Kat 40 
cvpicrKei olvtovs KadevSovras, Kat Xeyei rco Jlerpo) Ourcos 
ovk tcr^vcraTC /xtav wpav yprjyoprjcraL puer e/xov ; yp^yopctrc 41 
Kat wpoo-evyecrOe, tva jjltj elo-eXOrjre eU wecpacrfxov to pXv 
wvevfxa wpoOvpuov Tj Se o~dp£ dcrOevrjs. wdXiv Ik hevTepov 42 
a7re\0aV wpocrrjv^aro [Xeycov] Ilarep p.or, ct ov Swarat 
tovto wapeXOeiv lav firj avTG 7rta), yevrjdrJTO) to OeXrjjJLa 



crov. 



Kat eXOuv wdXiv evpev avrovs Ka6ev8ovTas } rjcrav 43 



yap avTwv ol d<£#aX/xot /3e/3apr)p,evoL. Kat dcfaels avTous 44 
7raXtv aVcX^oJv wpoo~rjv^aTO Ik rpirov tov avrov Xoyov 
v elw<j)V itdXiv. Tore ep^erai 7rpos tovs p.a8r)ra<s Kat Xeyet 45 
airots Ka^eixkre Xot7rov Kat dvawaveaQe* iSov T ^yyt- 
kcv 77 wpa Kat d vtds roi) dvOpdwov wapaScSorat cts ^etpag 
a/xaprooXajv. eyetpeaOe dyoyjxev tSou TjyyiKev o wapaSi- 46 
Sous /xc. Kat ert auTOu XaXowTOs tSou 'IouSas 47 

ets tw SaxScKa ^X0ev Kat /xer avrov o^Xos ttoXvs fierd 
jxa^aipiov Kat fvXwv aVo twv apyiepeuv Kat wpea/3vTepu)v 
tov Xaov. 6 Se 7rapaStSovs avrov eSa)KCV avrots orrjfxeiov 48 
Xeywi/ *Ov dv <j>lXtJo~(x) avrds ecrnv KpaTrjaare avrov. 
Kat €v#€a>s wpoaeXOwv ra> 'Ltycrov ct7T€V Xatpe, pa/3/3et' 49 
Kat Kare<j>tXyjcrev avrov, 6 Se 'I^crovs €t7T€V avVa) 'Eratpe, 50 
c<£' 6 wapei. Tore wpocreXOovTes ewe/SaXov ras ^etpas €7rt 
tov 'I^o-ovv Kat iKpaT7]o~av ai;70^. Kat tSoi) cts twv /x€Ta 51 
'Irjcrov €KT€tVas ttJv X e W a d7r£cnracrev ttjv fid^atpav avrov 
Kat TraTafa? tov SovXov tov ap^tcpea)? acpctXcv avrov to 
wrtov. tot€ Xcyct aww d 'I^o"oi;s Kwoo'Tpex^ov tyjv 52 
p.d)(aipdy aov els tov tottov avrrjs, irdvres yap ol XafiovTes 
fxa^atpav ev \LayaipnQ diroXovvTai* r) SoKets oTt ov Svva/xat 53 
wapaKaXecrai tov irarepa fiov, Kat 7rapao"T>yo"et /xot aprt 
7rX€ta) Sa'SeKa Xeytwvas ayyeXwv; 7rc3s ovv irXrjpwOwo-iv at 54 






XXVI RATA MAB9AI0N 65 

55 ypa<j>a\ on ovtcds Set yeviaOac ; *Ev eKeivrj rfj wpa sl-ev 
6 'Irjcrovs rots o\\ol^ 'O? eVt Xrjcnrjv i^Xdare /xera 
/xa^atpwv koI £vXu>v o~iAAa/3eu/ p,e; Ka0' rj^ipav eV tu 

56 tepa) iKaOet.ofJirjv StSao-Kcov kolL ovk iKpaTrjcrari /xe. Tovto 

Se oXov yiyovev tva TrXrjputOtocriv at ypacfaal rd>v 7rpo(f>r]T(jJV. ■ • 

Tore ot /LLaOrjrai T ttolvtzs d<t>£vTes olvtov €<j>vyov. °-vtw 

57 Ot Se KpaT7]<ravT€S rov 'Irjcrovv dwrfyayov Trpos Kata- 
</>ai/ ror ap^tepe'a, oirov ot ypa/x/xaTets /cat ot 7rpecr/3uT€poi 

58 crvvrj)(6r]crav. 6 Se IleTpos tjkoXovOzi aura) [aVo] ixai<p6$€V 
ca)9 ttJs avXfjs rov ap>(tepea)s, /cat ctceX^wi/ ecra) £i<d.9r]TO 

59 /xcra Twr virrjptTuv tSetv to tcXos. 01 Se ap^tepets /cat to 
crvviSptov oXov ItpfjTovv i^eaJSo/xapTuptW Kara tou 'iTyo-ou 

60 07rws outoV ^avaTwcrcocrti/, /cat of^ eupoi> 7roXX<2v TrpocreX- 
Oovroiv iJ/cvSoiJiapTvpo)v. vcrrepov Se 7rpoo"eA.^ovT€s Suo 

61 et7rai/ Ovto? €(prj AiW/xat /caTaAOo-at toV vaov rov 6tov 

62 /cat Sta Tptwv yjfjicpiov ot/coSo/x^aat. /cat aVacrras 6 ap^te- 
pevs et7rev olvtu) OuSev diroKpLvrj ; Tt ovtol o~ov /caTa/xap- 

63 TVpowtv; o Se I^o-ors eo-taj7ra. /cat ap^iepevs €t7rei/ 
ai>T<z> 'Efop/ct£to o~e /caTa tot; #eou tot; £aWos tVa 77/xti/ 

64 et7r7ys et av et d xptoros ° vtds tov 0eo{>. Aeyet auT<3 

o I^o-ovg 2v r et7ras^ 7tXt]v Ae'ya) vplv, air dpri oif/saOe elvasi 

ton yioN Toy ANGpoanoy kaGhmgnon gk AgIioon 
thc Aynamgooc kai ep^oMGNON en) toon N€(j)eAa>N 

65 TOY OYp^NOy. Tore o ap^tepei;? oteprj^ev ra t/xaTta 
a^Toi; Xiymv 5 E/3/\ao"c/>7y/x^o"ei/ # Tt ?Tt ^(petai/ e^o/xei/ /xap- 

66 T-upwv; tSe vrv >y/<oi;craTe tt}v j3Xacrcl)7]fMav* 7L vjjllv So/<et; 

67 ot Se diroKpiOivTzs tnrav Ero^os Oavdrov Icttlv. To'tc 
iviiTTVcrav et? to 7rpoo-Q)7rov olvtov kcli €KoXdcf>Lcrav olvtov, 

68 ot Se ipdiricrav Xeyovrzs Upo<^rjT€Vcrov tf/Juv, XP i<JT *> Tt ' 5 

69 eo"Tti/ d Tratcras ce; *0 Se II erpos iKaOrjro e£co 
ei/ t^ a^A^ # /cat TrpoarjXOtv avT<3 /xta iraihio-K-q Xeyovcra 

70 Kat cru rjo-8a fxcrd 'Irjaov rov TaXcXaiov o Se rjpvrjcraTO 

71 e/x7rpocr^ev irdvrojv Ae'ya>i> Oi;/< oTSa Tt Aeyets. e^eA^oVra 



66 



RATA MA09AION 



XXVI XXVII 



€ ets tov 7rvAtova etocv ax>rov aAA?7 KaL Aeyet rots e/cet 
Out os rjv xtem 'I^crou tou Na^copatof Kat ?raAti> yjpvyj- 72 
o"aro /xera opKov otl Ovk otSa tov av6po)7rov. /xera tit- 73 
Kpoi/ Se 7rpocreA^oi/TCS ot Iotojtcs ctirov t<3 Ilerpo) AXt;- 
3oj*oift£et!- #£5 /<at ot) e£ olvtiov et, kcli yap 7] AaAta crov r &fjX6v 

ere 7rotet n# tot€ yp^aro KaTa#e/xaTt£eii/ koll ojjlvvclv otl 74 
Ovk otSa toi/ avOpwirov. /cat ei!#i)s aAeKTcop tcfyuvrjo-ev 
koI ifxvrjcrOr] o IIcTpos roi; pharos I770-OU etp^KoVos otl 75 
Ilpti/ aXeKTopa <}>u)vrjo~aL rpts dirapvyjo-rj /xe, Kat ££e\6a)V 
€^0) ?KXavo-€V 7rtKpa>s. 

Ilpcotas Se yevofjiivrjs ctv/jl/SovXiov e'Aa/?ov 7ravT€S ot 1 
ap^tepets Kat ot Trpea/JuTepot tov Aaoi; /cara roi; I>yo"ov 
wore #avaTtocrat airroV* Kat S^cravTes axVcV dirrjyayov Kat 2 
HlloiTtipi- 7rapeSa)Kav T Ilet Aorta T(3 ^ye/xovt. Tore tScoi/ 3 

«wipa§iSovs 'IouSas 6 r 7rapaSoxV avroV ort KaT€Kpi6rj /xeTa/xeA^0ets 
ecTTpeif/ev Ta TptaKOVTa apyvpia rots ap^cepevenv Kat 7rpe- 
a^aov cr/3vT€pois Aeya)V "H/xaprw 7rapaSoi;s at/xa r 8iKaLov 1 . ot 4 

e CL7rav It ?rpos "ty/xas ; crv oxf/rj. Kat pL\f/a<s ra apyvpea 5 
ets to;/ i/aor ave^ujprjerev, Kat a7reA0a$v aV?7y£aT0. Ot 6 
oe ap^tepets Xa/36vT€<$ Ta apyvpia et7rav Ovk e^eorti/ 
/?aActv axVa ets toi/ Kopfiavdv, eVct Tt/x?) at/xaTOS ccrrtv 
crvfxfiovXiov Se XafiovTCs yyopaaav e£ auTwv toV 'AypoV 7 
tov Kepa/xetos eis Ta<prjV Tots £eVot$. Sto IkXtjOy) 6 aypos 8 
eK€ti/os Aypos At/xaTos ecus t?Js cryfiepov. ToVe eVA^- 9 
^/. pa)6^77 to pyjOlv Sta 'Iepe/xtou tou irpo^rjTOV XiyovTos 

KaI eAABON TA TpiAKONTA ApfYpiA, THN TIMHN TOY 
T6TIMHMeN0Y on gtimhcanto Ano YIOON 'IcpAHA, KAI 10 
eSw-ea '"eAOOKAN"' AYTA €IC TON ArpON TOY KepAMeOOC, KA0^ 

CYN6TA±eN MOI KypiOC. '0 Se 'iTycrovs Zo-TaGr) n 

kfnrpocrOev tov ^ye/xoVos* Kat i7rr]pwT7]o~cv ovtov 6 yyejAuiv 
Aeywv Si; €t o fiao-iXevs t<jjv 'IovSatW ; o 8e 'I^o-ovs 
avTal . I Aeyets; €c/>^ 2v r A€yets. n Kat eV tw KaT7jyop€icr8aL avTov V7rd 12 

tcuv ap^tcpecov /cat 7rp€o~j3vT£pa>v ovSlv a7T€KptVaro. Tore 13 



XXVII 



KATA MAG0AION 



6 7 



Xeyet avTiD 6 IletXaros Ovk aKOvets 7r6(Ta crov Kara/xap- 

14 Tvpovaiv; kcu ovk direKpiOrf aurw 7rpds ovoe eV prjfia, aScrre 

15 Oavfjid^ew 70V tyyefiova Xiav. Kara Se koprrjv elwOet 

16 6 rjytfjusiv aVoXaJetv eva ra> o^Xa) Se'cr/xtoi/ bv rjueXov. et^oi/ 

17 Se totc Se'cr/xtov lirio-qiiov Xeyojxcvov Bapa/3/3aV. crw?^ ^ 
y/xeVcov ovv avTwv et7rev avrots d IletXaros TtVa 0eXere 
diroXvaa) vjxlv, [rov] Bapa/3/3aV ry I^croOv roi' Xeyo/xevov 

i3 Xptcrrdv; rJSet yap ort Sta <pOovov 7rapeSa)Kav a^roy. 

19 KadrjfjLevov Se avrov eVt rov /^/xaros a7reo-retXei/ 7rpds 
avrov 77 yvi/77 avrov Xeyovca M^Sev o~ot /cat ra> StKata> 
eKetW), 7roXXa yap eiraOov cnjficpov kolt ovap St avrov. 

20 Ot Se dp^tepets Kat 01 7rpeo-/3vrepot eVetcrav rovs o>(Xovs 
tva atr^o-wvrat rov Bapa/3/3av rov Se 'I770-OVV a7roXecrtocriv. 

21 aVoKpt^ets Se d yyefxwv et7rev avrots Ttva 0eXere aVd 
raSv Svo aVoXvo-a) v/xtv; ot Se et7rav Toy Bapa/3/3av, 

22 Xeyet avrots d IletXaros Tt ovv Troirjcrui 'I^crovv rov Xeyd- 

23 /xevov Xptcrrov; Xeyovcrtv Travres ^ravpuiOrjTOi. 6 Se e^yy 
Tt yap /caKoV eVotryo-ev; cl Se 7repto"o"(os eKpa£ov Xeyovres 

24 ^TavpioOrjTOi. tSwv Se d IletXaros ort ovSev a3<£eXet aXXa 
fidXXov Oopvfios ytverat Xa/3cov vSwp aTreVtt^aro ras ^etpas 
r Karevavrt n rov o\Xov Xeyeov A0o3ds et/xt aVd tot; at/xa- aVeVai/rt 

25 ros rovrov v/xets oij/ecrOe. kolI aVoKpt^ets 7ras d Xads toO Sikcu'ov 
eiirev To at/xa avrov ec£ 17/xas Kat eVt ra reKva 77/xtoV. 

26 rdre aVeXvo-ev avrots rov Bapa/?/3aV, rov Se 'l?;o-ovv <£pa- 
yeXXworas 7rapeSa)Kev tva o-Tavp(i)6yj. 

27 Tore ot o-rpartwrat rov 7^ye/xdyo5 7rapaXa/5oVres rd^ 
I^couy ets ro Trpatrwptov avvrjyayov eV avrov 0X^1/ r^y 

28 cnreLpav. Kat r eKSi;o-avres n a-urdv ^XajivSa kokklvyjv irepii- ivSvaavTts 

29 Otjkclv aura), Kat TrXefavres crri^avov i£ dKav6(2v i7ri6rji<av 
C7rt rTy? KtcjxiXfjs avrov Kat kclXol/jlov Iv rfj Sef ta avrov, Kat 
yowTrer^o-avres ejJLirpoo~6ev avrov eVeVat&v ai5rw Xiyov- 

30 res Xatpe, r /3ao-iXev n rwv IouSatcov, Kat i/JL7TTvo~avT€s ets 6 /3a<nAevs 
avrdr cXafiov tov KaXa/xoy Kat eru7rrov ets r?;v K€cf>aXr}v 



68 KATA MA09AION XXVII 

avrov. Ka\ ore everraiizav avTO) y e^eSvcav avrov tt)v 31 
)(XafxvSa kolL eve&vcrav avrov ra Ifxdrta avrov, Kal aV^ya- 
yov avrov els to crravpuo'ai. ^Yi^epypfxevot Se 32 

-j ci? dnavTriariv evpov avOpunrov KvprjvaLov T oVo/xan ^LfAwva* tovtov rjyyd- 

pevcrav iva ap# to^ crravpov avrov. Kal eA^oVrcs cts to- 33 
irov Xeydfxevov ToXyodd, o ecrrtv Kpavtov ToVos Xeyo/xe- 
Ap. vos, e AGO KAN avrdo ni6?N OINON fiera )(OAHC fiefjuyjievov 34 

Kal yeucra/xeyos ovk -qdeX-qcrev mew. CTTavpwcravTes Se 35 
iSaAdvrcs | ^/. avrov Al6M6piCANTO TA IMATIA avTOV '"BAAAONTec" 1 KAfipON, 

/cat KaOy/xevot erypovv avrov c/cei. Kal hziQt]Kav €7rdVa) g 7 
ttJs KC<pa\rjs avrov rrjv air Lav avrov yeypaufxevrjv OYTOS 
E2TIN IH20Y2 O BA2IAEYS TON IOYAAION. 
Ap. Tore o-ravpcvvTaL crvv avr<2 Suo Xycrrai, cts £k Se^iwv Kal 38 

els i£ cvwvvjJLwv. Ol Se Traparropevoixevoi ef^Xacr^rjixovv 39 
avrov KINOYNT6C TAC Ke(()AAAC AyTOON Kal Xeyovres 'O 40 
KaraXvayv rov vadv Kal iv Tpccrlv ^/xepais otKoSo/xwi/, crwaov 
OcoO el creavrov el vlos r et tov 6eov^, KCLTafirjOi azro rov aravpov. 

o/jlolws [*al] gl ap^tepets i[X7rat^ovr€<; fiera T(2v ypa/AjnarcW 41 
Kal 7rpccr(3vT€p(x)v eXeyov "AAAous ecrucrev, eavrov ov Svva- 42 
rat <Ta)c^at• fiacnXevs 'Icpa^A Icttiv, Karaf3dru> vvv diro 
rov crravpov Kal mcrrevcroiJLev eir avrov. TT6TTOI06N em 43 
Ty 6>ew r TON GedisT, pycAcOoo NiyN ei GeAei AyTON* €t7rc^ yap 6tl 

®eov ei/u fto?. to 8* avro Kal ol XrjcrTal ol crvvcrravpo}- 44 
Sevres crvv avTio wvecSi^ov avrov. Airo oe 45 

Ap. tKrrjs upas ctkotqs eyeveTO errl rracrav tyjv yrjv cos wpas 

evdrrjs. rrcpl Se rrjv evdrrjv wpav e/3orjcrev o Irjcrovs <j>(i)vfj 46 
H'HXetTjAet Aa/uta jxeydXy Xeywv ri EA(jOl' eAooi A6MA CABA)(0ANer; 
Tovr cartv Wee: Moy Gee Moy, ina ti Me erKATeAinec; 
Tives Se rwy e/cei ecrr^Korcav aKorcravTC? eXeyov on 47 
'HActav c/>a)V€L ovtos. Kat ev6ea)s Spafxwv els ef ai;r(3v Kal 48 
Xaf3u)v criToyyov rrXrjcras re Oloyc Kal rrepidels KaXdpua 
ZXeyov 6nOTIZ6N avrov. of. 8e XoL7rol f elirav ' 'Ac/>cs tSw/xei/ ct 49 

epXerai 'HAetas o-wcrwi/ a^rdv. [[aAAos Se Xa/3wv Xoyfflv 






XXVII 



RATA MA90AION 



69 



cw£ev avrov rrjv 7rAei>paV, kcll i^rjXOev vBcop kcu alp.a.]j 

50 o Se 'Itjctovs 7rdXw Kpa£a? cfrtovr) jmeyaXr) acfirJKcv to irvevpia, 

51 Kcu tScu to KaraTriracrfxa rov vaov icr^tcrOrj [aV] avtaOev 
etos Kara) eis cvo, Kat 77 yfj ecreLO-Or], kcll at Trerpat ia^taOr]' 

52 crav, Kat ra fivrjfxeLa aveto^Orjcrav kclL 7roAAa crtofxara tw 
33 K€KotjJLrjfJiivLov aytW TjyepOrjcrav, kclL s£e\66vT€<s Ik tQv 

fjLvrjfjietLov jjierd rt]v eyepo-tv avrov tlcrrjXOov els rrjv ay Lav 

54 7t6Xlv koll ZvecjxivLo-OrjcrcLV 7roAAots. 'O Se eKCLTovTapxos 

KOLL Ot /X€t' aVTOTJ T?7pOWT€S TOV I^Q-OW tSoi/T€5 TOV O-etCT/AoV 

Kat ra yivofJLeva iifiofirjOrjcrcLV crc/>o8pa, Ae'yov~es 'AAtt^ws 

55 r 0eoi) vlo<f' tjv ovtos, Hcrav Se Ikzl yuvatKeg 7roAAat oVo 
fjLOLKpoOtv Oecopovcrai, atrtve? rjitoXovdrjcrav tw 'I^o-oO aVo 

56 TT7? FaAtAatas StaKOi'ouo'at avrto' iv ats 77V r Mapta" 1 rj 
MaySaXrjvrj kclL Mapta 77 too; 'IaKco/3oi> Kat r 'Itoo">)(/) ' pLrjrrjp 
kou 77 fJL7]Trjp rtov vlwv Ze/JeSatov. 

57 'Oi^tas Se yevofxivr]^ rjXOcv avOpuiTros 7r\ovcrio<; arro 
'Apt/xa#atag, rowop Iwcrrjcfy, 6s /cat auros r £(JLa67]T€vOrj^ rio 

58 'iTyo'oir ovtos 7rpocreX0tov rc3 IletAaTti) yryjcraro to atojuca 

59 tou 'I^o-otj. ToYe d IletAaYos iKeXtvcrev aTroSoOrjvaL. kol 
Xafiwv to o-co/jta o 'Icoor^c^ eVeTu Atfer aum [eV] crtvSoVt 

60 KaOapa, koll eOrjKev avro ev r<2 kcllvlo avrov jjlv71jul€lco 6 eAa- 
TOfJirjcrev Iv rrj TTtTpa, Kat Trpoo-KuAtcras XtOov jmeyav rrj 

61 0upa tou fJLvrjfxeiov d-jrrjXOev. *Hr 8e c/cet Mapta//. 7; 
MaySaA^VT; Kat 77 (XAA77 Mapta Ka9y]fJL€vaL airivavn rov 

62 rd<f>ov. Tfj SI kiravpiov, tJtls IcttXv //.em ttjv 
irapacTKevrjV, crvvrj^Orjcrav ot ap^tcpets Kat ot ^apicralot 

63 7rpos rEetAaTor AeyovTC? Kvptc, ifJivyjaOrjixev otl eKCtvos 
o TrAdVos CL7rev en ^cov Mem Tpet? T^/xepa? eyetpo/xat* 

64 KeAevo-oi/ ow dacfiaXicrOfjvaL rov rdcfiov ecus t^s TptTrjs 
rjjjLepas, pa] 7rore IXOqvtcs ot fJLaOrjral T KXiil/coaiv avrov 
Kat enrcoo'LV Tcp Aaco HyipOrj airo tlqv veKptov, Kat ecrTat 

65 77 icr^drrj TrXavrj ^tpojv rrjs 7rpojT7]s. e<prj avrot? o 
IletAaYos "E^tc KOVo-TcoStW* V7rayeT€ acrc^aAto"ao"^€ u>s 



vcb? 5eoO 
Mapta/m 



ma9T]Tcv(jej' 



avrou 



5e 



70 



KATA MAGGAION 



XXVII XXVIII 



ot'Sarc. ot be TropevQevres rjor^aXiaavro rov rdcfrov acfypa- 65 
ytcravrc? rov XtOov fxerd tt/s KovorcoSias. 

Oi^e he o-ajSfidroyv, rr) eTTicjuDCTKovo-Yj eh jatai/ o-a/?/?aTco^ r 
Mapia/a r}A#€j/ ' MaptV 1 77 MaySaA.r/vr) kclI rj dXXrj Mapta Oetopfjcrai 

rov rdcj>ov, kclc l&ov (TacrjJio? eyevero /xeyas* ayyeAos yap 2 
Kuptou Kara/Has e£ ovpavou Kat irpocreXOuiV aVeKvAtcre rov 
XlOov kol eKaOrjro eTrdvca avrov. rjv he rj elSea avrov cos 3 
do-rpairr} /cat to evSvp,a avrov XevKov w? X ta ^' aVo Se rov 4 
<j>6j3ov avrov eaetcrOrjcrav ol rrjpovvres Kal eyevrjOrjcrav a>9 
V€KpoL aVoKpt^ets Se o ayyeAos elirev Tats ywat£t]A Mr; 5 
<jjoj3eio-6e v/xets, otSa yap ort 'J^crou*' rov earavpo^xevov 
^rjretre' ovk eariv <SSe, rjyepOr] yap KaOws etirev oevre 6 

Ho /cvptosH tSere toV roirov ottov e/cetTO T • Kal ra^v 7ropeweto~at etirare 7 
Tots fxaOrjra'is avrov on HyepOrj airo rwv vexpojv, /cat 
tSov Trpodyei v/JLois els r?}v raA.tA.atai/, cKet arToV oif/eaOe* 
/4/.f tSoi> r eT7TO]/ n £/xu/. /cat aVeA^ouo-at ra^v aVo tov ixvrjfxeiov 8 

/xctgi <j>6fiov Kal yapas fxeydXrjs eSpapiov aVayyetAat rots 
fjiaOrjTals avrov. Kal iSov 'Irjcrovs v7njvrrjo'ev atVats XeytDV 9 
Xatpere* at Se re pocreXOov or ai cKpdrrjcrav avrov rovs 7roSas 
Kat 7rpoo-eKvv7]crav avrco. rore Xeyei aurats o Ir;o-ovs Mr} 10 
cfrofielcrOe' vrrdyere a7rayya'AaT€ rots aSeAc/>ots /xoi> tVa direX- 
6wo~lv ct? Tr}i/ PaAtAatW, Ka/cet /xe oij/ovrai. Ho- n 

pevofievcov 8e avro3i> tSo-J rtve? t/Js KovcrrooStas £X66vr€S ets 
Tr/i/ TroXtv aVr^yyetAav Tots apyiepevaiv oaravra rd yevo- 
/xera. Kat crvva^Oevre^ jmerd riov 7rpecrj3vrepo)v avpLfiovXiov 12 
re XafSovres dpyvpia tKava eSco/cav rot? o"rpart(OTats Xiyov- 13 
res Et7rar€ ort Ot /JLaOrjral avrov WKros iXOovres 
CKXeij/av avrov rjfJLiov KOLfACDjJLivojv Kal idv aKovcrOrj rovro 14 
vtto r £irV rov rjyefjiovo^ rjfxcis 7reLcrojJiev Kal v/jlcls a/xept/xvov? 

to 7rot7y<TO/x€V. ot 8e Xa(3ovre<s ' apyvpta kTroirjaav cu? eSt- 15 

i<f)rj!j.Ca9r) Sd)(Oy]crav. Kat, r Stcc/)r;/xtcr^r;~ l o Xoyos ovros irapa 'IovSatots 

^Xpi rrjs crrjjaepov [r/p,epas]. Ot 8e ej/ScKa 16 

fiaOrjral liropevOrjo-av €ts rr}v TaXtXatW ets to opos ou 



XXVIII t KATA MA08AION 7 1 

17 Ird^aro clvtols 6 'Irjcrovs, kcu tSovres clvtov irpocrzKv- 

18 vrjcrav, ol 8e iSco-racrav, kcu 7rpocr€\6iov 6 'irjcrovs eXa- 
\r](T€V aureus Xeycoi/ 'ESo^t; ftot iracra l^ovcria iv ov- 

19 paj/a) kcu €7rl [rrjs] yrjs* Tropzv6£vT€ ( z ovv fJLaOrjTevcroLTe 

irdvTCL ret eOvr], r ficnrTit.ovTt^ avrovs cts to ovofxa rov 7ra- pamCo , avres 

20 rpos kcu rov vlov kcu tov dyiov ttvzv jxaTOSy StSacr/covres 
clvtovs rrjptLV ttclvtcl ocra eveTetXdfxrjv vpuv kcu l$ov cyci 
/x,e#' vfjiwv €i/xc racras ras yixipas 2a)s ttJs awTcXetag rov 



aiaVos. 






KATA MAPKON 



vtoD 6eov Ap. APXH tov tvayytXtov 'Irjaov XpiCTOv 



£ T 



Karoos yiypairrai iv tw 'Hcrcua ra> Trpocj>y]Trj 2 

'lAoy attocteAAoo ton ArreAoN moy npo npocoanoy 

coy, 

OC KATACK€YACei THN OAON COY* 

^OONH BO(2>NTOC 6N TH epHMCp 3 

'EtOIMACATG THN OAON KYpiOY, 

efOeiAc noierre tac TpiBoYC aytoy, 
iyivcro Iwai/^s 6 /3a7TTt^o)v iv rrj iprjfjao Krjpvcrawv /3a- 4 
TTTLcrjjia ficravoias ets acfrecriv ap.apTiaV. kcu ii;€iropvu- 5 
€ro ?rpos avrov irdcra 77 'IovSaia X^P 0, Ka ^ °^ 'lepocroAv- 
/x€trat 7rai/T€5, /cat, ifSaini^ovTO vif avrov iv tw 'lopSdvy 
7roTap,a> i£ofJLo\oyovpL€voL ras a/zaprias aura)!/, feat rjv o 6 
liDavrjq ivSeBvfJiivos rpc^aq KapLrjXov kcu ^wrrjv SepjuLaTivrjv 
irept TTjv ocrcfrvv avrov, koI ecrOcov a/cpi'Sas /cat p,eAi aypiov. 
/cat iKrjpvcrcrcv Xiymv Ep^eTai o icr^upoTcpos jjlov oiridoi 7 

[/AOu], OU OVK €l/U IKaVO? KVl[/a<$ XvCTCU TOV IflOLVTOL T(J)V V7TO- 

8rjjA(iT(j)v avtov* iyu ifidirrLcra i5/xas liSan, avros §€ /3a- 8 
TTTLcret v[ia<s 7rvev{J.QLTL dytto. 



'EyeVero r KAI EPENETO" 1 iv cxca/cus rat? rjfiipai? rj\8ev 9 

I^croug aVo Na£aper 777s TaAtAatas /cat i/3a7TTLa6rj €ts 



I KATA MAPKON 73 

10 rov 'iopSaV^v vtto 'IcooVov. koX ev#vs dvafiawuiv €K tov 
vSaros cTSei/ o~;(t£o/xeVovs rovs ovpavovs kcu to 7rvevp,a cjs 

ii TreptorepaV KaTaficuvov ets avrov /cat cj>o)vrj [eyeVero] £k 
tiov ovpavwv 2v et o vlos jJ-ov 6 ayarrrjTos, iv cot cvSo- 

12 Krjca. Kat ev#vs ro 7rvev/xa avrov iKJ3dXXec 

13 ets tt]V eprj/xov. koI rjv iv rrj iprjfJUx) reao-epaKOVTa rjjxi- 
pas 7retpa£op-ei/os vtto tov ^arava, kcu rjv jxerd 7W Orjpt- 
wv, kolL ol ayyeXot hirjKovovv aura). 

14 Kat fxerd ro irapahoOrjvai rov lwdvrjv rjXOcv 6 
Irjaovs ets Trjv PaXtXatav Krjpvcro-wv ro tvayyiXiov 

15 rov 0€ov [Kat Xeycoi/] on IXe7rX?7pcoTa£. 6 Kcupos Kat 
rjyyiKtv rj /SacrtXeta rov 0eov* /xerai/oetre Kat 7rto-rev- 

16 ere iv r<2 evayyeXtw. Kat rrapaywv irapd 
tt}i/ BdXacro-aV rfjz TaXiXaias etSev Stticoj/a Kat 'Av- 
Spiay rov dSeXtpov ^LfAiovos a/x<£t/3aXXofras iv rrj 6a- 

17 XacrcrY), ycrav yap aXeets' Kat earev avrots o Irjcrovs 
Aevre ottlvq) jaov, Kat 7roirjo-<i) vp,as yeveV^at aXeets 

18 av6po)7T(x)V. Kat ev#vs d<f>4vr€s rd StKrva yKoXovOrjaav 

19 avrcp. Kat 7rpo/3as dXiyov etSev 'IaKO)/?oi/ toi/ tov Ze/?e- 
Satov Kat 'Iwai/^v Toy dSeX<£oV avrov, Kat avTovs eV tw 

20 7rXota> Karaprt^ovras rd StVrva, Kat ev#vs eKaXecrei/ avrov?. 
Kat dc^erres tov iraripa avriov Ze/3eSatov eV tw ttXolq) 
fi€rd rwv tuo~0a)T(3i' drrrjXBov 07rto~a) avrov. 

21 Kat ctcr7ropcvo]/rat ets Kac/>apvaov/x,. Kat ev#vs Tots 

22 aafifiacnv r elcreX6(j)V ets tt}i/ avvayoiyrjv eSt'Sao-Kei/ . Kat i8i8a<TKei> ei? t^ 
€±€7rAr}ao m ovro C7rt tt] otoa^ry avrov, 771/ yap otoaxjKan/ 

23 avrovs ws efovcrtav l^cor Kat ov^ cos ot ypa/x/*aTets. Kal 
ev#vs rjv iv rrj avvayoiyfj avrwv aV#pa)7ros iv r:vev\xari 

24 aKa^apra), Kat dVeKpa£ev Xiywv Tt ^/xtv Kat cot, It^ctov 
Na^ap^ve'; yXOes drroXicrai ?;/xas; r ot§a ere Tts et, o aytos otSa/^eV 

25 tov 0eov. Kat e7reTt/x^crev avrw o 'I770-OVS [Xeyw^J ^>t/xaj- 

26 6^Tt Kat e£eX#e ef ai;rov. Kat enrapd^av avrov ro 7rvevjxa 
to aKadaprov Kat tfcwYJvav ^xjdvt} pceydXr] i£fjX6ev it avrov. 



74 RATA MAPKON I 

npfc eavTovc kcll i9apLJ3i]97]crav diravres, wcrre ctvv&jtuv r avrov<i i Xeyov- 27 
ras Tt icTTtv tovto ; StSa^ Kaivrj* kolt l^ovaiav /cat rots 

7TV€VfJLCL<TL TOtS CLK<x6apTOl<Z €7TtTdcr<Xet, /Cat 'UTra/CO'UOlKTtl' aVT<3. 

Kat e£r}X9ev 77 aKorj avrov evOvs rravra^ov eh oXrjv rrjv 28 
irepiy&pov rrjs raA.tA.atag. Kat ev8vs e/c ttJs 29 

e&XOw ^A0ev o-ui/ayooyijs r €^€X^oyT€S ^X^aj/ 1 ctg tt^v OLKtav 'Xljawvos Kat 

'AvSpeov /xera 'laKoj/^oi; Kat 'IcoaVcu. 77 Se rrev9epd ^ljjlwvos 30 
K(lt£k€ltq 7rvpi(T<Jovcra, Kat €t3#t5s Xeyoucrtv aura) 7rept ai5r^9. 
Kat 7rpocreX9(jJV rjyetpev avrrjv Kparrjcras ttJs xeipos* Ka ^ ^" 3 1 
cbrJKev avrrjv 6 rrvperos, kcll SirjKoveL avrots. 'O- 32 

i/^tas Se yevopievrjs, ore eSvcrev 6 77X10$, efyepov rrpos avroV 
Travras tot)s KaKcos e^oi/ras Kat tovs SatpiovL^opLevovs' Kat 33 
771/ 0X77 7; 7roA.ts iirLcrvvrjy pLevrj 7rpos tt}v Bvpav. kcll e9epd- 34 
7T€i;crcv ttoXXovs KaKws €X 0VTas TotKtXats vocrot?, Kat Sat- 
(jlovlcl ttoWcl e£e(3aXev, Kat ot5k rj(f>Lev XaXelv rd Sat/xovta, 
ort rjSeLcrav avrov [XpioroV etvat]]. Kat 35 

Trpwt Ivi/v^a Xiav avacrrds e£rjX9ev [/cat d?T^A.6ev] et? 6/377- 

/XOV TOTTO!/ KCLKtL 7Tp0arjV)(€T0. Kat KaTeSitof €V a^TOl/ %[pLLOV 36 

Kat ot //.ex' avrov, Kat evpov clvtov Kat Xeyovcrti/ avrto 37 
ort IldvTCs L^rjTOvaLV ore. Kat Xe'yct avrots "Aya)/x€i> 38 
dXXa^ov eh rds e>(0/xeVas KcopL07r6XeLS, tVa Kat eKct Krjpv£(o, 
eh tovto yap e£r}X9ov. Kat t;A#€j/ KrjpvacrcdV eh rds 39 
o-waywyds av*7W ctg 0X77V tt^v TaAtXatav Kat ra Sat/wta 
CKj8dAXa)y. 

Kat epyerai rrpos aurov XeTrpos 7rapaKaXaji> avroi/ 40 
[Kat yoT/i>7rcT0Ji/] Xeytov avrto on 'EaV OeXys SvVacrat 
-IbpyicOdsh p,e KaQapicrai. Kat r c77rXay^vtcr^ets n CKretVas 7771/ X € ^P a 4 1 
avrov tfif/aro kcll Xeyct avru> ©eXco, KaOapLcrOrjrL' Kat 42 
cu9i;s drrrjXOev air avrov 77 Xe7rpa, Kat eKaOepLaOrj. Kat 43 
ifxj3pipirj(TCLfJievos avrc3 cv^vs egeftaXev avrov, Kat Xeyct 44 
avrw "Opa pL7]$evl pLrjSev €177779, dXXd i;7raye ccavTov 
AeilON TO) lepei Kat rrpocreveyKe rrepX tov KaOapLcrpLOv aov 
a Trpoaera^ev M.o)vo-fjs ets pLaprvpiov avro'is, 6 Se i^eXOcov 45 






I II KATA MAPKON 75 

7]p£aTO Krjpvcrcreiv 7roXXa koll Sta<£?7/xt£€tv tov Xdyov, <juot€ 

ju/>7KeTt avTov SvVacr^at r <f>avepws cts ttoXlv* elcreXOew, dXXd e U nokiv tyavcp&y 

e£a) itr ipt]fJLOLS ToVots pjv]' Kat yp^ovro 7rpds auTov 

1 TTOLVToOdV. 

J 1 Kat etcreX#cjv 7raXtv its Ka<£apvaoi;/x St' Tq/JLtpwv tjkov- 

2 o-#?7 oVt r cv otKw £<rrur' Kal avv7])(6rjo-av ttoXXoI ware ds c*k6v eVrev 
/jLrjKeri xcopctv /x^Se ra Trpds Tijv Ovpav, Kal cXa'Xet auTots 

3 tov Xoyov. /cat ep^ovrai cfrepovrcs irpos avrov TrapaXvTiKov 

4 atpo/xevov vtto rccrcrdpiov. Kat /xt} Srva/xcvot 7rpoo-€veyKat 
avT(D Std rov o)(Xov (X7r€(TT€yacrav rrjv crreyrjv ottov tjv, Kal 
i£opv£avres ^aXwcrt rov Kpdfiarrov ottov 6 TrapaXvriKos 

5 KaT€K€iTO. Kal tSwv 6 'I^crcus rrjv ttlo~tw auTwv Xeyet tc3 

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13 Kat itjrjXOev TrdXiv irapd ttjv OaXacraav' Kal 7ras 

14 d o^Xos rjp)(€TO 7rpds avTov, Kat eStSacrKcv avrovs. Kat 
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ovres larpov dXX' ol kolkcos e^ovTe^* ovk tjXOov KaXecrac 
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to kcllvov tov TraXatov, Kat )(eipov cr^tcr/xa ytVcrat. Kat 
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8 r 7)KoXov07]O-€V, Kal aVd TTjS 'iovSata?^ Kat a7TO lepoaoXvfJLiJJV Kal aTrb Ti)$ 'lov- 

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11 avra> tva avrov at^wvrat oo~ct €t)(ov /xacrtyas. Kat ra 
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6 Kat cv#vs i^aviretXev Sta ro /x?y e^etv /3d6os yrjs* Kat ore 

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7 pt£av i^rjpdvOrj. Kat aAAo e7recr€V cts ras aKaV#as, Kat 
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12 rots r c£<o 1 cV 7rapa/3oXa2$ rd irdvra ytVcrat, tVa eitaBe^ 

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KAI AK0Y0NT6C AKOYOOCI KAI mh cyni'oocin, 

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13 Kat Aeyet avrots Ovk ot'Sare rrjv TrapafioXrjv ravrrjv, 

14 Kat 7rd)s 7rao-as ras Trapa/3oXd<; yvdcreaOe; 'O cnreipuiv rov 

15 Aoyor o-7retpet. ovrot Se elcrLV ot 7rapa rrjv 6Sov oirov 
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tot; Kat at Trcpt ra Xot7ra €7rt^f/xtat ctcr7rop€ud/xevat o~uv7rvt- 
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Kat [ev] k^rjKOVTa Kat [ey] n €KaTov. Kat cXcyev 21 

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TTANON, OTI TTApeCTHKGN 6 OepiCMOC. Kat 30 

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36 AteX^co/xev ets to Trepav. Kat a^ei/res tov o^Xo^ TrapaXa/x- 
(Sdvovcnv avrov ojs 77V ev ra> 7rXota), Kat aXXa r/Xota ^v 

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7y 7rrjyrj tov at/xaTog avTrjs, Kat cyj/oo tw arcofxaTL otl taTat 



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'EkcWci/ 8e avao^Tas a7rrjX6ev ets Ta opta Tvpov [Kat 24 
SiScovosl. Kat elcreXOwv ets otKiav ovSe^a rjdeXtv yvco^at, 
Kat ovk tfSvvdcrOr] XaOuv aAA' €v#t5s aKovo-ao-a yw?} 7rept 25 
avVoi;, ?;s € ^X €I/ T ^ 6vyaTpiov avrijs TrvzvfjLa di<d6apTOV, 
iXOovcra irpo&eTrzcrev 7rpos tovs Tro'Sa? avTov* 07 Se yvi/>} 26 
Su'pot $oivtKi<r<ra rjv FiXXtjvls, r %vpo<$>oiviKio-o~a' T(2 yiver Kat rjpojTa avrov 

cva to Saifxoviov ii<j3dXr] ck ttJs OvyaTpos avTrjs. Kal 27 



VII VIII RATA MAPKON 89 

kXeyev avrrj Ac/>es irpGrov yppraaOrjiai Ta riwa, ov 
yap i<TTLV KaXoV Xafieiv tov aprov twv tIkvuv /cat rots 

28 KwapcoLS /3aXetj/. r) Sc aVcKpt^ Kat Xeyct ai/r<3 r Nat, j Kv'pte, a'AAa h 

KVpi€, n KOLL Ta KWapiCL VTTOKOTdi TTJS Tpa7Te^7]^ io~6iOVCrLV 

29 aVo tu>v ifnyiwv tojv 7rat8tW. Kat strrev avrrj Ata to{>- 
tov tov Xoyov viraye, itjeXrjXvOev £k ttJs Ovyarpos o~ov to 

30 Batfioviov. Kat drreXOovaa els tov oTkov avrrjs evpev to 
iraiStov fiefiXrjiAtvov eVt rrjv kXlvtjv Kat to Saifxoviov i$e- 

3T XrjXvOos. Kat TrdXiv itjzXOuv Ik tcov optwv ' 

Tvpov r}X0€v Sta StSuVos cts rrjv 6dXao-crav rrjs TaXtXatas 

32 dvd fxiaov tu>v optW A€Ka7ro'Xea)9. Kat cfrepovcriv avrto ko)- 
<jf>oV Kat fJLoyiXdXov, Kat TrapaKaXovcriv avTov tVa intOf} av- 

33 tw tt^iz ^etpa. Kat aVoXa/3o/x€i/os avrov arro tov o)(Xov Ka- 
T* toYav ifiaXev rov<s SaKTvXovs avrov ets Ta aira auTou Kat 

34 7TTVcras rjij/aro rrjs yXiicrcrrjs avrov, Kat ava/JXei^as ets Tor ou- 
paiw eoreVafev, Kat Xeyet avT<3 Ec/><jf>a#a, 6 eo"Ttv Ata- 

35 voi^QrjTi' Kat -qvoCyiqcrav avrov at aKoat, Kat iXvOrj 6 

36 ScoyAos Tijs yXcocro")7S airroC, Kat eXaXct op#a>s' Kat 6te- 
areiXaro avrols Iva ixrjSevl Xeywcrw ocrov Se aurots Stc- 

37 otcXXcto, aiVot ttaXXov 7repLO-ororcpov iKrjpvo~crov. Kat 
{'7rcp7rcpto-o"c3s €^€7rX7;o~croFTO Xeyoj/Tes KaXcSs 7ravTa 7T€- 
iroiqKev, T Kat toi)s Kuttbovz 7rot€t aKouetv Kat dXdXovs Xa- a* 
Xetv. 

1 Ei/ eKCtvats Tats w/xepats 7raXt^ 7roXXou 0^X01; ovtos 
Kat /xt; e^o^Tcoi/ Tt cf>ayu>cnv } irpoo"KaX€crdp.evos tovs fiaOr]- 

2 Tas Xeyct aiVot? 2:rXayxw£op.at eVt tov o)(Xov otl rjSrj 

rjfiepai Tpcts 7rpocrfX€vovaLV fiot 1 Kat oi;k e^ovcrtv ri 17/nepai? Tpi<rli> | 

3 <paycoo~iv Kat eav a7roAi;cra) avTO^s vrjcrT€L<s cts otKOV ar>Ta;i/, 
iKXvOrjcrovraL eV t^ oS<5 # Kat Ttvcs avT(3v a7ro fxaKpoOev 

4 eta-tv. Kat aircKpiOrjcrav avr<Z ol fxaOrjral avrov on U6- 
6ev tovtovs SwrjaeraL Tts a>8e ypprdo-ai dpruv lir ipyj/JLtas ; 

5 /<at rjpura auTOws IIoo-ous ^X €T€ apTOvs; ol 8e Ciirav 

6 E7TTa. Kat 7rapayyeXX€t tw o^Xw dva7recr€LV Itt\ rrj<s yr}<$* 



9° 



RATA MAPKON 



VIII 



koll Xaj3wv tovs kirrd aprovs evx^P^Tqcra^ eKXacrev kol 
cSt'Sou Tots fJiaOrjTais avrov Iva TrapaTi6u>(Tiv Kat Trap£6rj- 
Kav tw o^Aa). kol cl^av 9(^ ta °^7 a ' kol evXoy)jo-a$ 7 
avTa eTirev koll ravra irapariQivai. Kat e(j>ayov Kat ixoprd- 8 
aOrjcrav, koX rjpav tt e peer a evjxara KXacr/xarwv krrra o-</wpt- 
Sas. rjaav Sc cos T€TpaKto*;(tAtot. kol aireXvcrev avrovs. 9 
avrbs Kat ciu^us e/x/3as T ets to ttXoio^ /xerci Tooy fxadrjrojv avrov 10 

rjXOzv cts ra /xep77 AaXpavovOd. 

Kat i£rjX0ov ol <±>apto-atot Kat rjp^avro crvv&jTtLV avrcp, n 
£>7Toi?i/tcs 7rap' avrou crrjixetov drro toi; ovpavov, ireipa^ov- 
res avroV. Kat ai/ao-TCva^as too Trvevfiari avrov Acyct 12 
?W Tt 77 yevea avT?7 ^ret o-qfxziov ; a/x^v Ae'yoj T , et So^r;- 

o-erat tt} ycrca ravrrj o-rjjjicicv. Kat a(£ets avrovs 7ra- 13 
Atv e/X/Gas drryXOcv ets to iripav. Kat €7T€- x* 

Aa'#ovTo Xa/3eiV aprovs, Kat et ju.?; eVa aprov ovk ct^ov 
//.e#' eavrooi/ eV tw 7rAotu>. Kat Steo-Te'AAero auTOts Aeycor 15 
Opart, /3Ae7reT€ aVo ttJs £v/x?7S toh> <l>apto-atW Kat tiJs 
£17*175 'HpaJSou. Kat SteAoyt£ovTO 7rpos aAAi^Aovs on 16 
aprovs ovk lx ov(Tlv ' Kat yvous Ae'yet auTots Tt StaAoyt- 17 
£eo-#e on aprovs ovk e^ere; ou7ra) voetVe ovde avviere; 
Tr€7ro)p(x)jjL€vr]v e^eTe tt^v KapStav i5/x<m/; 6({)0aAmoyc 6)(0N- iS 
tcc of BAeneTe kai <Lta e'xoiMTec oyk akoy€Tg; Kat 
ov jxvrjjjiovevere ore tot)s rrivre aprovs eKAatra ets rov<; 19 
-jrcvTaKto-v/Atoi;?, Troaovs KO<pwov<s KAaoyxaTcoi/ TrXyjptLs 
xa\ rjpare ; Aeyovcru' aura) Aa>Se/<a. ore T tcvs eWcc ets rovs 20 

TerpaKicr^Xiov?, ttoo-wv crc^vpibixiv irXrjpwfjLara KXao-fxdroiV 
rjparz ; Kat Aeyowtv avrQ ^irrd, koX cAeyei/ avrots 21 
Outtgo o"i;vt€T€ ; 
■ifyOqviavb Kat epxovrat ets ""BTy^o-atSav" 1 . Kat fapovcnv avrw 22 

rvefyXov Kat TrapaKaXovcriv avrov tva ai;To{> ai/^Tat. Kat 23 
i7rtXaf3ofi€vos rrjs \€ipos rov rvcfrXov i^yjveyKev auTov c£oj 
7^9 KW/X779, Kat 7rTuVas as Ta ofifxara avrov, ImOels rd<s 
avrhv el T 4 /SAeVet. X c ^P a S a^Ta), iirrjpura r avrov Et Tt ^AeVas f Kat aVa^SAc- 24 



VIII KATA MAPKON 91 

ijjas eXeyev BXeVa) rovs av^pooTrovs on ojs SeVSpa 6pu3 

25 7rept7rarovvras. etra ttolXlv Wtjkzv ras ^etpas eVl rovs 
6(f>0a\jJLOV^ avrov, kolI Ste'yGXev^ev, /cat drreKarecrrr], Kal eve- 

26 BXeirev Tr)Xavy<2s~ > aVavra. kcll a7reo~retXev avrov ets ^Xavytui 
oTkoi/ avrov Xeycov r M^S€ els r?7V Kojfirjv etcre'X^s '. HMrjSei/l elTrr,? ei? 

27 .Kat etrjAtfev o Lrjcrovs Kat ol fiaUrjraL avrov ets ras 
Kw/xas Katcraptas r^s <£>tXt7r7rov Kal ev rfj dSa> eV^parra 
rovs fjLaOrjTas avrov Xe'ywv avrots Ttva p.e Xiyovcriv ol 

28 avOpw—OL etvat; ol Se et7rav avra> Xeyovres drt 'IcDai/171/ 
rov j3a7rTLCTT7]V, Kal dXXoi 'HXet'av, dXXot Se ort els r<Dv 

29 TrpocfrrjTtov. Kal avrds eV^pwra avrevs 'Y/xets Se rtva /xe 
Xe'yere etvat; aVoKpt^els d Ilerpos Xeyet avra) ]§v et d 

30 xptards. Kal cVeTt/XTycrci/ avrots tva jurjSevl Xe'ya)0"tv rrepl 
J 31 avrov. Kal rjp£aro S(Sao~K€tv avrovs on Set 

rdi/ vtdv rov dv6pu>7rov 7toXXol 7ra#etv Kal aVcSoKt/xa- 
crOrjvaL v-iro rwv 7rpeo-/2vre'pa)V Kal rwv ap^tepeW Kal rwv 
ypa/x/xareW Kal aVoKravftJvat Kal /xera rpets ?7/xepas ava- 

32 o-rrjvar Kal rrapprjata roi/ Xoyov eXaXet. Kal 7rpocrXa/36- 

33 /xevos o Ilerpos avrov rjp^aro eVtri/xav avrw. d Se 
err ict panels Kal tSajv 701)5 fxaOrjrd^ avrov krrcri^r^cv 
Uirpto Kal Ae'yet Y7raye oitlo-o) jjlov, Sarava, drt ov </>po- 

34 vets ra rov #eov aXXa ra twv dvOpojTrojv. Kal 
7rpoo"KaXeo"ajU,evos rov o^Xov o~vv rots /xa0?rrats avrov 
et7rev avrots Et rts #e'Xet ottlctu) /xov eX#etv, aVapv??- 
crdo~6ui kavrov Kat apdroj rov crravpdv avrov Kal okoXov- 

35 Octroy pot. os yap eav #e'X?7 r>)v r eavrov i/ar^v" 1 crQcrai \f/vxyv clvtov 
a7roXeo*et avrrjv os 8 av a7roXeo~et r>)v \j/v)(rjv avrov eVeKev 

36 [e/xov Kat] rov evayyeXtov o~ojo"et avrrjv. ri yap r co<^>eXet e^>eA>jcret top aj/- 
avupojTrov Kepo^crat rov koct/xov oAov Kat ^rjfJuoJvrjvaL 

37 T>?v \J/V)(r)V avrov; tl yap Sot av#pa)7ros dvrdXXayfia rrjs 

38 \j/v)(fjs avrov; os yap eav iTraLo-yyvOfi /xe Kal rovs e/xovs 
Xoyovs ev rf; yevea ravry rfj /xot^aXtSt Kal a/xaprwXaS, Kal 
o vtos rov av#paj7rov e7ratcr^vv^o"erat avrov drav eX^?y ev 



92 RATA MAPKON VIII IX 

ttj $6£r] rov 7rarpos avrov fitra rdv ayyeXaw twv dytW. 
kclI k'Xeycv clvtols 'AjjltJv Xiyo) vplv on elctv rives coSc t 
rwv icrTrjKOTdiV otTtves ov fXTj ycvaoyvrai uavarov aos av 
tSwcrti/ rrjv /SaatXcLav rov Oeov iXrjXv9v?av iv oWa/xet. 

Kat /xera r//xepas e£ 7rapaXa/x/3dVet 6 'Irjorovs tov 2 
tov Ilerpoi/ Kat toV 'Ia'Kw/?ov Kat ' 'Iwav^r, Kat aVa^cpct av- 

tovs ets opos vif/rjXdv kolt tStav fxovovs. Kat [X€TefjLop<j)u>9r] 
ZjAirpoorOev avrcov, Kat id t/xarta avrou eyevero CTiX/Sovra 3 
AeuKa Xtar ota yvacfievs eVt t>/9 yijs ov Swarat ovto)? 
AevKaVat. Kat w<p9rj at/rots HXetas aw Mcovcret, Kat ^<rai/ 4 
crvvXaXovvTts ra> 'It^ctou. Kat aVoKpt0€ts o Ilerpos Xeyct 5 
T<3 'I^orod e Pa/3/?€t, KaXoV co-rti/ 9?/xas a>3e ct^at, Kat 
iroirjcrdiixev Tpets crKrjvds, o~ot /xtW Kat Ma)i>o"€t /xtai/ Kat 
HXeta xuW. ov yap ySei tl diroKpi6rj y ?K<£o/?ot yap 6 
eyivovro. Kat iytvcro ve<fi£Xr] iiricrKiatpvcra avrols, Kat 7 
iyevero cjx^vrj ck Tiys vecfaiXrjs Ovtos Icrnv o vlos /xov o 
aya7rrjr6s 9 aKovere avrov. Kat i^dirtva 7rept/3Xei//a/X€i/ot 8 

a'A\ci tov "l-qvovv 0VK€TL OvSeVa €t§OV C LLtO £aVTU)V €L UJ] TOV IrjCTOVV ULOVOV^. 
fjiovov fieO eavTWP 

aVo Kat Kara/3 atvovTwv avrcov r €K _I tov opovs StecrTctXaro 9 

avTOts tVa firjSevl a etSov SirjyijcroivTaL, ct /at) 6Yai/ d vtos 
rov av0p(o7Tov €K vcKpwv dvacrTrj. Kat tov Xdyoi/ €Kpa- 10 
Tfjcrav Trpds iavrovs crvvfyrovvTes tl eartv To Ik veKpwv 
avao-rrjvat. Kat iirY]pu>ra)V avrov Xeyovres "On XiyovwLV oin 
ypa/x/xaT€ts 6Vt 'HXetaj/ Set eXOtiv Trp&rov; 6 SI ecf>rj avVots 12 
'HAeiAC tt€V iX6a)V 7rp(Zrov ATTOKATiCTANei Trdvra, Kat 
7ra)s yeyparrrai Irfl rov vlov rov avOpunrov Iva 7roXXd rrdOrj 
/<at cf ovSevrjOrj ; aAAa Xeya) v/xtv 6Vt Kat 'HXetag kXrjXvOtv, 13 
Kat iTTOirjcrav aurw ocra yjOeXov, Ka0ak yiyparrrai lif avrov. 

Kat IXOovres 7rpos tovs fJLaOrjras ctSav 0^X01/ 7roXi;v 14 
Trcpt auTOvs Kat ypa/xttaTets cw^rowras Trpos avrov?. 
Kat €u#i)s 7ras d o^Xos tSdrrcs avrdi/ i^cOafx/SijOrjcrav, Kat 15 
Trpoorrp£)(ovT€S rjcnra^ovro avrov. Kat i7r7]pa>TY)o-€v avrovs 16 
Tt cw^rcirc 7rpos avTOvs ; Kat aTr€KpL8r) avrQ) cts Ik tov 17 



IX 



KATA MAPKON 



93 



6)(Xov AtScur/caAe, rjveyKa tov vlov fiov 7rpos ere, e^ovra Trvtv- 

18 fxa aXaXov kolI ottov eaV avrov KaraXdj3rj p-qcrcret avrov, 

KCU d(j>pt^Ci KOL Tpit,Ci TOVS oSoVTag KGLL £r)pGLLVeTCLL* KCU UirGL 
TOtS fJLaOrjTGLLS CTOV IvO. CLVTO €KJ3aX(i)CriV, KCLL OVK to"^VO'aV. 

19 o Se aVoKpt^ets olvtois Aeyet ^O yevea aTrtoro?, ecus 
7t6tc Trpos vfJLas ecro/xat ; €0)5 7rdre aVe'£o/xat vfxtjjy ; <piper€ 

20 avTov Tpos /xe. Kat rjveyKav avrov rrpos a^ror. /cat tSaV 
avrov to Trvevfia cvOvs ervveenrdpa^v avrov, Kat 7reow 

21 €7Tt 77^9 y^S CKlAteTO OL^plLjMV. Kdl £7rY]pa)T7]0~€V TOV 

rraripa aurcv IIoctos \p6vos icrriv a5s tol>to yiyovzv 

22 airrcp; d Se elVev 'Ek 7rat§to^€i/* Kat rroXXaKis Kat ets 
Trvp avrdi^ cfiaXev kcu ets vSara ti/a aTroXicrrj avrov 
dAA' et rt Swy, fioy]6r)o~ov rjfxiv cnrXayxyicrOtis £<j> 77/xas. 

23 o oe l^o-ovg tnrev avno 10 iLt Odw;, 7ravra owara to) to 

24 7rto"TeiWrt. ev0v<$ Kpafas 6 rrarrjp tov iraihiov T k'Xzyev H/xeTdSzKpvwrf- 

25 IIto~Tei;ar /3orjOet fxov rrj dmo~Tia. iScov Se d 'I^o-ous 
ort Irno-vvrpe^ei oyXos i—CTLfxrjo-ev rep Trvevfiarc rco a/ca- 
OdpTLJ Xeywv avTu> To aA.aA.ov Kat kox^oi/ irvevfia, eyai 
eVtTacrcra) cot, e£eA#e i£ avrov /cat /x^Ke'rt etcre'A^s ets 

26 avroV. /cat /cpa&s Kat 7roAAa cr7rapa£as i£r}XOev kol 
iyevcro ocret veKpos ware reus 7roAAoi;s Aeyctv ort a7re- 

27 0avev. d Se 'I^crous Kpanjcra^ rrjs ^etpos av> rov yjyetpev 

28 aurov, /cat aveo~rr]. /cat etcreA#orros aurou ets oTkov ot 
jjLadrjral avrov Kar iScav eV^pcoToov avrov 'Ort 7^/xets 

29 ov/c rjhvvrjOrifxtv iKfiaXtiv avro ; /cat etTrev aurots Touro 
rd yeVos ev ovoevt Svj^aTat e jeA^etj/ et /xt; eV 7rpoo~z.V)QJ T . 

30 KaKet^ev e^eA^oVTev r e7ropei;oi/To ' Sta rrjs TaAtAatag, 

31 /cat ov/c r/QeXev tj/a Tt? yi/ot* eStSacr/cei/ yap toi?s jmaOrj- 
Tas avroi) Kat eAeyey [a^TOt?] ort O i;tos tov dvdpu)- 
7rov 7rapaStSorat et? x c ^ as dvOpioTrov, . Kat a7TOKrei/oi;o-iv 
avToi/, Kat aVoKTav#ets p,CTa rpets 7^/xepa? dvao-rrjcerai. 

32 ot Se rjyvoovv to p^/xa, Kat £<+>o/3ovvro avrov eirepiDrrjaat, 

33 Kat 7y\0ov cis Kac^apraov/x. Kat eV tt] otKta yerd/xe- 



H /cat r^ Trcio j- 
TrapeiropevovTO 



94 



RATA MAPKON 



IX 



vos eV^poyra avTovs Tt iv rrj ooqd ZieXoyiC,eG0e ; ol oe 34 
iaiwirov, irpos dXXrjXovs yap oieXe^OrjGav iv rfj dSo> tls 

fJL€L^(x)V. KOLL Ka9i(TaS icj)(l)Vr]GeV TOVS SwScKCL KCU XeyeL 35 

avTOLS Et ns QeXeL TrptoTos etyat ecrrat iravrutv eo^aTos 
Kat ttolvtuv Siolkovos. Kat Aa/3aV 7ratStoi/ eGTrjGev glvto iv 36 
/xlcra) auraV kclI ivayKaXiGapevos avro elirev aurots *Os 37 
aV [eV] T<m> tolovtmv 7ratStW oe^rjTaL iirl tw oVo/xart ijlov, 
€fxe oe^eraf Kat cs av efie oc^Tat, oi>k e/xe oe^eTat aAAa 
toV airoGTeLXavTa /xe. Ecfarj aura) o 'icodV^s 38 

AtSacr/caAe, eXSafiev Tiva iv t<3 ovojjloltl gov iKJ3aWovra 

Mos OUK aKoXovOel OOLlfAOVLCL, r KCLL iK(i)XvOfJL€V OLVTOV, OTL OVK YjKoXovdeL rjfXLV? 
lieffrjfiWtKaUKU- « , v , „ , x . , , , ,» ^ v „ ' t , 

Avo/x«/ avToV.h o oe Lrjcrovs eunev Mt; k(jl>Av€T€ avTov, ovoeLS yap eoTtv os 39 
TToirjcrei Swa/xtv £7rt t<3 ovofxari jjlov Kat Sw^o-crat ra^y 
KGLKoXoyrjcrai Lie* 6s yap ovk Igtlv kclO tjjjlujv, V7rep rjjJLiov 40 
eortV. *0s yap av TroTtarj v/mas TTOTTjpiov vSaTOS iv dvo- 41 
fxari on Xpto~To{) core, ajjL7]V Aeya) vjmv otl ov fxrj a7roXecrrj 
tov lllgOov avTOv. Kat 6s av GKavoaXLGr) eva t<Zv jxLKpwv 42 

TOVTtOV TOJV 7TL0-T€v6vTU>V y KaXoV icTTLV aUT<2 LldXXoV €t 

irepLKtLTaL /xvXos ovlkos irepX tov Tpa^rjXov avTov koi 
(TKavSaKCfri f3ij3XrjTaL els ttjv 6aXao~aav. Kat idv r o~KavSaXLarf ere rj 43 
)(€Lp crov, diroKO^ov avTqv KaXov icrTLV o"€ kvXXov elaeX- 
6a.v cU ttjv C'Jirjv rj ras Svo ^etpas l^pvTa direXOctv ets tyjv 
yievvav, cts to irvp to daj3ecrTov. Kat idv 6 7rovs gov 45 
GKavhaXitpri ere, diroKo^/ov avTov KaXov ivTLV ere elcreXOeZv 
eU ttjv fa-qv xwXov rj tov? h)vo 7roSas e^ovra /3Xr)6rjvaL els 
ttjv yeevvav. Kat idv 6 o(£#a\ju.os gov GKavoaXiLprj g€, 47 
eKJiaXe ovtov KaXov Ge iGTLV fjLOVoc^OaXjJiov elGeXOeiv els 
ttjv /SaGLXetav tov 6eov r) h)vo dcfyOaXfJiOvs eyovTa fiXrjOrjvaL 
rhv els T yee^vav, ottov 6 CKCtihHl AYT03N of TeAeyTA KAI 48 

\rcatra yd? Bvcria TO nfp OY cBeNNyTAI* r 7ras yap 7rupt aXtcr^o-erat." 1 49 
KaXov to aXas • eav Oe to aAas avaAov yevrjTaL, ev tlvl 50 
auro dpTVGeTe; £X CT€ * v ^avTots aXa, Kat elprjveveTe 
dXXrjXoLS. 



r 



X KATA MAPKON 95 

1 Kat eKct#cv avaaras ep^erai cis ra opta rrjs 'iouSat'as 
k-at Tripav tov *Iop8dvov, Kat avv7rop€vovrai 7raA.1v o^Xot 

2 7rpos avrov, Kat c5s ctaj#ci 7raXtv eStSacrKev avrovq. Kat 
[7rpo<xeX#(Wcg <£apto-atot] lirr}pu>TU)V avrov el e^ecrTLv dvSpl 

3 yvvoLLKd a7roXu<rat, 7rctpa£ovTCS clvtov. o §c diroKpiOelq 

4 etTrev aurots Tt i>/xtv eVcTctXaro Mcoucnjs ; ot §c zXirav 
'Eirirpzif/tv Mwvarjs BlBAlON ATTOCTAClOy rp^Y^I KAI 

5 ATTOAfcAI. o Sc 'Irjcrovs ct7rci> olvtols IIpos rrjv otkXt]- 

6 poKapStW v/xaV typaij/ev vplv rrjv IvtoXtjv ravrrjv diro 
Se ap^s KTto-ca)S ApCGN KAI 0HAy enOIHC6N [aytOYc]* 

7 eN6K6N ToyToy KATAAeiyei AN9poonoc ton TTATepA Ay- 

8 TOf KAI THN MHTepA, KAI 6CONTAI 01 AyO 6IC CApKA MIAN* 

f '/ » n e> r '\\> / / > t\ <?» < /) '* ' 

9 wcrre ov/ccrt ctcui/ ouo aAAa p,ta crap^* o ovv o pcos av^e- 

10 ^€V^€V dv9pU>7TOS fJLT] X W P L t^ T(i) ' ^CH C ^ ? T7 } ,/ OIKLOV TTaXlV 

11 ot fxa8rjTol rrepl tovtov i7ry]p<DT(i)V avrov. kcll Xiyei au- 
reus c 0s av a7roXi;(j^ r^v yvvaiKa avrov kcll yajmijcrr] 

12 aXX^v juLOi^drai Irr clvttJv, koll idv avrrj drroXvaacra tov 
aVSpa avrfjs yafjLjjcry dXXov ^ot^arat. 

13 Kat Trpocrec^epov aura) 7ratSta tW avrcov onj/rjraL* ol Se 

14 fAaOrjToi iTT€TLfJLY]crav clvtols. IBojv ok o Irjcrovs rjya- 
vaKTrjcrtv koll €ltt€V avrots V A(/)€T€ Ta 7ratSta ep^ccr^at 
7rpos /vie, /at} kwXuctc airra, tw yap toiovtwv coTtv 97 

15 fiacriXtia tov 6cov. djArjv Xcyco utuv, os ai/ fjirj Si^rjraL rrjv 
/^acrtXct'ai/ rou 6eov cos rraihiov, ov jxrj clcriXOr) cts olvtjJv. 

16 Kat eVay/caXtcra/xevos avra KaTevXoyct rt^ets ras ^etpas 



€7T avra. 



17 Kat iKiropevopiivov olvtov ct? dSov Trpoo'SpajJiojv cts Kat 
yow7T€T7yo"as airrov €7rrjp(OTa avrov AtSacrKaXc aya^c, rt 

18 TTOt^o-a) tva ^wt)i/ atamoi/ KXrjpovo/JLTtjcru) ; o Sc 'I^cro^s ctn-cv 
avro) Tt /xc Xcycts dyaOov ; oi;Scts aya^os ct /x?) cts o 6cos. 

19 ras eVroXas otSas P Mh (fJONeyCHC, Ml-i MOIYeYCHC," 1 M Mr) fioixftiw, 
Mh KAevfHC, Mh yeyAOMApTypHCHC, Mt) dTToaTep/jO-rjs, 

20 TlMA TON HATepA COY KAI THN MHTepA. d 8c €(j>rj avrw 



96 KATA MAPKON X 

AtSdV/caXc, tolvtcl 7rdvTa icjivXa^dfjirjv Ik vcottjtos [jlov. 
6 Se *lrj(rovs €fjLJ3\(iJ/as avrdo tfydirrjcrev avrov K.ai €L7r€V 21 
avro) "JZv ae vcrTzpu' vTraye ocra ^X €L<S TrwXrjcrov Kal 80s 
[rots] 7TTwxot9, /cat e£ets Orjcravpov iv ovpavco, KOLL Stvpo 
aKoXov8ei /xot. 6 Se (TTvyvdcras eVt tw Xoya) atrrjXOev 22 
\v7rovfjLevos, tjv yap €)((j)V KTr\\kaTa TroXXa. Kat 23 

TrepifiXeiJ/dfJievos 6 'Irjaovs Xe'yei Tots ixaOr^olq avrov 
IlaSs Svo-zcoXcos 06 Ta yp r ll JLaTa ^X 0VTe<5 € ^ T V V fla-CL- 
Xeiav tov 6cov elcreXevo-oVTai. ol Se fxadrjral idajx- 24 
fSovvro eVt rots Xoyots aurou. o 8c Irjcrovs irdXtv 
•Ap* aVo/cpt^cts Xiyet olvtols TeKva, ttcos Svcr/coXoV eartv 

cts rrjv fiacriXziav tov 6eov elcrtXOeiv cu/coTTwcpoV lariv 25 
-n}? Tpv/xaAtas t^j KafJL-qXov Sta S-pu/xaXtaV pa^)tSos SteX0€tj/ ^ ttA.ot;- 

ctov ets T^y ySacrtXetav toi; 0€ou eto-eX#€tv. ot 8c 26 
7reptcro"dus Z^tTrXrjo'O'ovTO Xeyovres Trpos avrov Kat rts 
Bvvarat crcoOrjvai ; €/x/3Xe^as avrots o I^o-ovs Xeyet 27 
^ d&vvarov icmv Ilapa aV#paJ7rots r d$vvaTOV dXX' ov 7rapa #ca5, TTANTA yap 
5ui/aroV h AYNATA TTApA [TCpJ 66CO . fipfaro Aeyctv o 28 

Ilerpos aura) 'iSou T^aets a<f>7]KafjLev iravra /cat tqkoXov- 
OrjKapiiv orot. e(fir] o 'Irjcrovs 'Ajxrjv Xcya) v/Atv, ovScts 29 
ea-Tiv os acprjKev oiKiav ij aoeAcpovs y aoeAc/>as i] fJLrjrepa rj 
7raTepa rj re/cra rj ay povs €vck€V ifiov Kal [eVe/ccj/] tov 
tvayyeXiov, iav jay Xdj3rj kKaTOVTa-rrXacriova vvv iv to) 30 
* Katp<3 tovtii) r OLKia<$ Kal dSeX<f>ovs Kal aSeX^as Kal 

MTepa, /XT^repas Kat TeKva Kat aypovs /xcra Stwy/xwi/, /cat iv rep 

atco^fc tc3 ep^o/xeVcp ^wtJv atajj/tov. n ^oXXot 8e cVovrai 31 
Trpwrot eo-^arot Kal [01] ecr^arot -Trpwrot. 

^Ho-av 8e eV ttJ 08a) dvafiaivovTes eh 'Icpccro'Xv/xa, /cat 32 
7;i/ Trpoaywv avrovs o Irjo-ovs, Kal iOafxfiovvTO, ot 8e 
ctKoXov^owvres icf>o/3ovvTO. Kal 7rapaXa/?a}i/ irdXiv tot5s 

* -I 05 5e d<f>rjicev oiKiav Kal dSe\(f)d<; /cat a5eA$ous <cat /itrjTepa /cat t4kvo. real aypov? /txera Suoyfiov ev 
tw aiwi't 7w epxo/xeVai ^coiji' atwi/ioi> \r] /xxper at. \- 



KATA MAPKON 



97 



ScuSeKO, tjp^clto avrots Aeyav ra /xeAAovra avra) crv/x/JatVctv 

33 ore 'iSov aVa/?atVo/A€i> cts lepocroX.vfxa, Kat 6 vtds tov 

dv9p(x>TTOV 7rapaSo67](reTai rots apxiepevaiv kol rots ypap.- 

/xarevo~tv, Kat KaraKptvovcrn/ avrov #ai>ara> /cat 7rapa8co- 



)ts e# 



» 



34 o"ovo"tj/ avrov rots et/vecrtv Kat €//,7rat poverty avra) Kat e/x7rrv- 
crovenv avra) Kat /xao"rtya)crovo~ti> avrov Kat aTTOKrevov- 
diVy kol p,cra rpets rjfxipas avaoT^crcrat. 

35 Kat 7rpocnropevovTcu avra) JaKa>/3os /cat Ia)dV?7S ot 
[Svo] vtot Ze/3eSatov Xiyovres avra) AtSacr/caXc, OiXo/xev 

36 tva o eaV alrycrioixiv ere TTOLyjo-ys -qfxiv. 6 8e €t7rci/ avrots 

37 Tt r 0eA.€T€ n 7TOlT]0~(l> VjJUV \ OL §€ CtVai/ avra) AoS T^U-tV 

Iva €ts (tgv Ik Septan/ kolL els ef dpujTtpQv Ka6io~u)/i€v iv 

38 ttJ 80^77 crov. d 8e 'I^crovs clVey avrots Ovk otSarc rt 
alTctaOe' SvVao~0e 7rteti> to iroTrjpiov 6 eya> 7rtVa>, 77 T ° 

39 /JaVrtoyxa o eya> /?a7rrt£o/xat j3a7rTLo~6r}vai; 61 Se ctTrai/ 
avra) Avvd/JLtda. 6 Se I770-OVS €t7rej/ avrots To ttott]- 
piov o lyco TrtVa) 7rUa6e Kat to /3dTTTtcrfjLa o iyw Poltttl- 

40 £op,at /3a7TTiO'67]0'€o-6€, to Se KaOtcrai Ik SeftaV {jlov rj 
i£ €V(i)vvfJL(ov ovk zcttlv ifJLov SovVat, a\\ OtS TJTOLfXaO-TaL. 

41 Kat OLKOvaavTCS ol Se/ca rjp£avTO ayavaKTew 7rept 'Ia/cca- 

42 /?ov Kat Icoavov. Kat 7rpo<TKaXccra/xcvos avrovs d 'It/O-ovs 
Acyet aureus OtSare drt ot SoKOwres d/r^etv raV e^wi/ 
KaraKvptevovcrtv avT(2v Kat ot /xeyaAot avran> KaTe^ovo'td- 

43 £ovo-tv avraV. ou^ ovra)S Se ecrrtv €i> v/xtv aAA' os aV 



^eA?7 tteyas yeviaOac Iv vfuv } r €orrat n -J/xwi/ StctKovo?, 

44 Kat os aV ^eA.77 ei' v/xt]/ ctvat TTp&TOS, taTai TrdvTwv 

45 Soi;Xos' Kat yap d i>tds rou dvOpiLirov ovk y\0ev Slolko- 
vr]6r}vaL dWd SiaKOvfjcraL Kat Sovvoll ttjv if/v)(rjv avrov 
Xvrpoi^ avrt 7roXXwr. 

46 Kat Ip^ovrat €ts 'Icpet^w. Kat iKTropcvo/Jiivov avrov 
aVd 'Iepet^ci Kat rwv fxaOrjTwv avrov Kat o^Xov tKa^ov 
d vtds Tt/xatov Baprt/xatos rv<^>Xds TrpocraLT-qs iKaOrjTO 

47 7rapa riyv 080V. Kat aKOvVas ort 'I^o-ovs r d NafapTyrds 



fleA^re /u,ff 



etrny 6 Na^ap^vb? 



98 KATA MAPKON XXI 

ecrTiv^ rjp^aro Kpa^uv kcll Xiyuv Yte AauetS 'Irjcrov, £X£rj- 

COV /X£. KOLl ilT^TLfJLWV OLVT<2 TToXXol LVCL aiQ)7T7] (TY]* 6 §€ 48 

ttqXXu) jidXXov e/cpa^ej/ Yte Aavet'S, lXif]cr6v fie. Kat 49 
eras o I^crous zlttcv ^an^craTC auTor. Kat cjxtiVGvcn rov 
7v<j>Xov Xiyovres avrto ©apcrct, cyctpe, <£coi>et ere. 6 Se 50 
<XTTof3aXu)V to IfxaTLOV auroi) dva7rrj$i]cras r]X6ev Trpos 
roi/ I^o-ow. kcll aVoKpt#€ts aura) o I^crovs clttcv Tt 51 

-JEvpis pa/3j3eth VOL 6£XciS 7T017](TU); 6 §€ TVcf^XoS €L7T€V OLVTO) r Pa/3/?OV- 

vet n , tva ava/3X£\[/o), kcll o Irjcrovs tiirev avT<o Yiraye, 52 
97 warns aou ct£ctu>k£'v ere. kcll evOvs avefiXexJ/ev, kcll 
r^KoXovOcL olvtw iv rrj oS<3. 
•eat ets Kat ore iyyiZpvcrLV ctg 'IzpocroXvfia r cts ~Brj9cf>ay7] 1 

to Kat" 1 ~Brj9avLav irpcs to 'Opos r T(3i/ n 'EXatcur, aTrocrreXXct 

Suo rcoi/ fjLa6r]T<j>v avrov kol XiyeL aurots e Y7rayeT6 cts 2 
T?p kcj/jltjv rrjv Karei'avTL vfXiov, /cat €v0vs ucnropevofxevoi 
cts aur^r €vpi]crcT€ 7tq)Xov SeSetieVoi> icj> ov ovSets oi;7ra> 
av0p(£7ra)v iKcidLcew Xvcrarc avrov kol <f>£p€rc. Kat idv 3 
rts v/ui/ €?7ry Tt 7rot6tT€ topto ; etVare 0" KvpLOS avrov 
cLTrcHTTeWeL 7rd\w ^pclav €^€f Kat €v9v<s r avrov dirocrriXXeL 7raXtv n a>8e. 
Kat dirrjXOov Kat cupoi/ 7rc3Aov SeSe/xevov 7rpos Ovpav efa> 4 
e:rt roG dfjL<f>68ov, Kat Xuovcrtv avroi'. Kat rtves toji/ €K£t 5 
iorrrjKoriov eXeyov avrots Tt 7rotetr6 XtWtcs Tov ttcoXov ; 
ot Se €L7rav ai5rots KaOcos ctTrer o 'I^o-ovs* Kat a<f>7)Kav 6 
aureus. Kat $£powLV tov TrwAov^Trpos Tor L70-0W, Kat 7 
eav;w iTTtjSdXXovcrLV avr<2 Ta tjaana r avrdn>" 1 , Kat eKaOLcrev ctt' ai;- 

toj^. Kat 7roXXot Ta t/xaTta auTwi/ ecrrpiticrav cts t^ 8 
0S0V, clXXol 8e OTt/3aSas Koxj/avTes £k twv dyp&v. Kat ot 9 
TTpcdyovres kol 61 aKoXov6ovvT€<$ €Kpa?OV 
t Q l cravvd m 
EYAorHMe.NOc 6 epxoMeNOc In onom^ti Kypioy' 
JLiXoyrjixivq 7] £pxop<£vr] /3acrtAeta tou 7rarpos rjpLUJV 10 

AavciS' 
'Qcravvol iv to ts vi/aorots. 






XI 



RATA MAPKON 



99 



ii Kat elo-rjX6ev els "lepoaoXvixa els to lepov koll TrepifiXe- 
xj/dp.evos irdvra r 6ij/e tJStj ovut]s rrjs <x>pas^ e$rjX6ev tU 
¥>r]6aviav fiera rwv ScoSe/ca. 

12 Kat rrj eiravptov e^eXOovroiv avrwv aVo "BrjOavias 

13 eireivacrev. Kat tSojv o~vktjv diro [xaKp60ev e^ovaav cf^vXXa 
rj/Wev €t apa n evpi]o~ei ev avrrj, Kat eAfcov eir avrv t v 
ovhev evpev el jjlyj tfivXXa, 6 yap Katpos ovk rjv ctvkwv. 

14 Kat diroKpcOels elirev avrrj MtjkItl eh rov alwva Ik 
cov /jarjEels Kapirov (hay 01. Kat tjkovgv ol jJLaOrjTal av- 

15 rov. Kat ep)(pvrai els 'lepoaoXvfAa. Kat elo~eX- 
0(x)V els to UpoV r/p^aro iKJ3dXXetv rovs 7ro)Xovvras Kat tovs 
ayopd^ovras ev to) lepw, Kat ras rpaire^as r<2v koXXvJ3l- 
<tt£v Kat ras KaOe&pas rwv TroiXovvroiV ras Trepicrrepas 

16 Kareo-rpeiJ/ev Kat ovk ycfiiev tva res SteveyKy crKevos 8ta 

17 rov tepou, Kat eScSao-Kev Kat e'Xeyei/ T Ov yeypairrai on 
c oTkoc moy oTkoc npoceyxHC kAhGhcgtai T7ACIN TO?C 
60N6CIN ; vfxels he TreTroLrjKare avrov CTTHAaION AHCTOON. 

18 Kat rjKovcrav ol dp^tepe'ts Kat ol ypafifxareis, Kat e^rjrovv 
7rws olvtov a7roXeo-(j)atv ecfzofiovvro yap avrov, rrds yap o 

19 o)(Xos e^eTrXTjo-ceTO eiri rrj StSa^rj avrov. Kat orav cij/e. 

20 eyeveTo y r e£e7ropevovro~ l efco rrjs iroXeu>s.\ Kat 
TrapairopevopLevoL Trpon, elhov ttjv o~vk7jv eirjpafXjJLevrjv ck 

21 pi^wv. Kat avapLvrjaOels 6 Herpos Xeyei auVw c ~Pa/3f3ei> 

22 t'Sc 77 ctuk?/ i)v Karrjpdo-a) e^qpaviai. Kat dirOKpiQeXs 6 

23 L70-OVS Aeyet aurots E^ere tticttlv 6eov* dfjLrjv Xeyoy vpuv 
on 6s av elirrj ra> opet tovtw Apdrjrt Kat fiXrjOrjTL els 
rrjv OdXacraav, Kat jjlt) $iaKpi6rj ev rrj KapSta avrov dXXd 

24 TTicrTevrj on 6 AaAet ytyerat, carat avr<2. Sta ToOro Xeyoi 
vfjuv, iravra ocra Trpoaev^ecrOe Kat alrelarQe, Trio-revere 

25 ort eXafiere, Kat carat v/xtv. Kat oraj/ o~rr]Kere Trpoaev- 
Xo/xevot, a^iere el ri eyere Kara twos, tVa Kat o 7ra- 
7^}p v/jluv o ev rots ovpavols a(£>rj vjjuv ra 7rapa7rr(x)fxara 
vpwv. 






aurot? 



e^en-opeueTO 



130 RATA MAPKON XI XII 

Kai cpyovrat irdXiv cis 'I epoo-d Aup,a. Kai iv tw 27 
i€pa> 7rept7raTowTOS avrov kpyovr at 7rpos a^ror ci a-p^i- 
epeis Kai 01 ypa/x/xarcis Kai 01 TrpecrfivrepoL koli eXcyov 28 
at>T<3 E]/ Trota i^ovcrta ravra ttoicis ; 97 ris 0*01 eSw/cev 

79^1/ i£oV<TLOLV TOLVTrjV WO. TCLVTCL TTOirjs ', 6 Se 'lr](TOVS €L7T€V 29 
CLUTCH? Fi7T€p(i)T7]a(i> VflOL^ €VGL XoyOV, KGLL aTTOKpiOrjri 

fioiy kcI ip(j) vjjuv iv izoia i^ovcria ravra 7roiur to /3a~ 30 
TTTLO-fia to 'IcodVov ef ovpavov rjv 7) i£ av6pa)7rQ)v ; a7ro- 
KpiOrjri /JL01. Kai SteXoyt^ovro rrpos cavrovs Xiyovrts 31 
'EaV eLTTOijuev 'Ef ovpavov, Ipel Aid ri [cw] ol-k €7riO"T€i;- 
crare avrw ; dAAd eiTrco/jiev 'Ef aV#pco7rcoi/ ; — ecfrofiovvTO rov 32 
Hr;$ei(raj/i- oj(Xov, airavres yap r €LYOV~ l rov laidvrjv ovrws on 7rpo<f)T]- 

T7]$ rjv. Kai aiT0Kpi6£vT£<z tw 'It^o-otj Xeyovcrtv Ovk ot- 33 
Sapuev, Kai o 'iTyo-ous Aeyci avrois GvSe eyco Aeyco tj/uv 
cr TTOia clover ca ravra 7roia5. Kai rjp^aro 1 

avToi? ev 7rapa/3oAais AaAeij/ VWrreAoaNA dvOpomos 

ecJn'TeyceN, kai nepie0HK€N c^pArMON kai oopyleN 

fnoAHNION KAI CpKOAOMHCGN TTyprON, /cai igeScTO 
avrov yecopyoi?, Kai dir^rjpirio'^.v. Kai aVecrreiAa/ 7rpos 2 
toi?s yecopyop? ra> Kaipw SovAor, 11/a Trapa twv ycwp- 
ywi/ Xafirj diro r<2v Kapirwv rov ap,7reAd>vos # Kai Xa- 3 
ftovres avrov eSeipav Kai dirio-ruXav kcvov. Kai irdXiv 4 
a7rco-T€iAei/ 7rpos avrous dXXov SovXov ko.kclvov eKC(£a- 
Aia)0"av Kai rjrip,ao~av. Kai aAAov aVeoTeiAei/* KaKcivov 5 
a7T€KT€ivav } Kai ttoXXovs dXXovg, ovs p^v Zepovres ovs Se 
airoKTevvvvTzs. ert €va ^ly^cv, vlov ay airrjrov airio~rciXcv 6 
avrov tayarov 7rpos avrovs Xiywv on 9 EvTpa7r^o"ovTai 
rov vlov /xgv, Ikclvol §€ 01 yaDpyol Trpos ea^Touq eiTrai/ 7 
art Oiro's ccrriv o* KXrjpovopios' Sevre a7roKr€cvwpi€V 
avrov, Kai rjpiwv eorai rj kXtj povo /xi'a. Kai Xafiovrts 8 
a7T€Kr€tvav avrov, Kai i£i/3aXov avrov I£cd rov a/x7rcAw^09. 
ri 7roL7]cr€i o KVptos rov a/x7rcAw^os ; eAcwcTai Kai aVo- 9 
Aco"€i rovs y€wpyov$, Kai Severe; rov dpLTrzXwva aAAot?. 



XII KATA MAPKON IOI 

10 OvSe ttjv ypacjuijv ravrrjv dvlyvoire 

Al'eON ON ATieAOKIMACAN 01 OIKOAOMOfNTeC, 

oytoc ereNH0H eic k£(j)aAhn p^niac* 
ii TiApA Kypioy ereNeTO ay'th, 

KAI 6CTIN 0AYMACTH €N 6({)0AAMoTc HMOON ; 

12 Kat ktpfjTovv avTov Kparrjaai, Kat i<j>oj3rj$r]aav rov o)(Xov, 
eyvwaav yap on irpos avrovs rrjv rrapafioXrjv elirev. koll 
ac/>ei/T€S avrov a7rrj\dav. 

13 Kat airocrreXXovo'iv 7rpds avrov Ttvas r<2v <J>apto~atW 

14 Kat tojv 'HpwStaiw Iva avrov dypevaoyaiv Xoyco. Kat 
iXOovres Xiyovviv avr<3 AtSacncaAe, olSaficv on dXr)9rjq 
€L kcu ov fxiXu croi irepl ovScvos, ov yap fiXe-ireis ets irpocr- 
wttov dvQpwirwv, aXX iir dXrjdtias rrjv 686v rod Oeov 
StScurKetS' t£eo~nv SovVat r Krjvaov 1 KatVapt rj ov ; Swjxev 4emKe4>d\aiovb 

15 rj fir) Sa>/xci> ; d 8c ctSak avriov rrjv vrroKpiaLV €L7T€v av- 

16 rots Tt fie TTCtpa^crc ; cfripere p.ot hrjvapiov Iva tScj. ol 
Se rjveyKav. /cat Ae'yet avrots TtVos 77 etKajv avrrj Kat 7; 

17 iiTLypacfar] ; ot §€ €t7rav avra> Katcrapog. d 8e 'I^crovs 
ct7T€i/ Ta Katcrapos aVdSore Katcrapt Kat ra tov #eov 
t<3 0€<3. Kat i^€0avfiat,ov lir avra>. 

18 Kat ep^ovrat SaSSovKatot 7rpds avrdi/, otrtves Ae- 
yovo"tv avacracrtv p,?? ctvat, Kat €Trrjpa>ro)v avrov Xeyovres 

19 At8acrKaAe, Ma)Vo-?79 eypaxj/ev rjfiiv on 6AN TIN0C AAeA- 
({)0C ATTO0ANH Kat KaraXiirrj yvvatKa KAI MH A(})H 
T6KN0N, tva AABH AAeA(j)6c AYTOf THN rYNA?KA KAI 

20 elANACTHCH CTTepMA TO) AAeA(j)a) AYTOf. errrd dSeXcjyoL 
rjcrav Kat o 7rptoros eXa/3ev yv^atKa, Kat diToOvrjcrKiDV 

21 ovk a(^rjK€V cnrzpfia* Kat d Sevrcpos ZXafiev avrrjv, Kat 
aVc0ai/€v p,?} KaTaAt7roji/ o~7repp,a, Kat d rptros (Jcravrtos* 

22 Kat ot e7rra ovk afyfJKav cnrepfia* tor^arov Trdvrwv Kat 

23 r) yvvrj diriOavev. iv rfj aVacrracret TtVos avr<2v ecrrat /tf/>. 

24 yw^ ; ot yap kirra ecr)(OV avrrjv yvva'tKa. €cf>rj avrots d 
'I^crou? Ov Sect rovro trXavao'Oe fxrj ctSdres ras ypa^as 



102 



KATA MAPKON 



XII 



fxrjSl rrjv hvvap.iv tov 6cov ; orav yap Ik veKp&v ava- 25 
OTcocrti', ovre yajxovcriv oirre yap,t£ovTat, aXX ctcTtv cos 
oc ayyeA.01 ot r ayyeXot n iv Tots ovpavots • irepi ok tcoV v€Kpo)V otl 26 
kyeipovrai ovk aveyvwre iv rf/ jStfiXu) Mawcrecos iiri tov 

fiaTOV 7TCGS €LTT€V CLVTip 6 t^COS XlyiDV 'Epi> 6 GCOC 

'ABpAAM KAI 8eOC 'IcAAK KAI G60C 'IaKOC>B; ovk €-27 
5 (TTtv T 6eos veKpcoV dXXa £coVtcov 7roXv izXavdo'Oe. 

Kat TrpGcreXOdv cts tcoV ypajjLfJLa7€U)V aKovaas auTcoV 2S 
avv^rjTOvvTOiVy etScos ore KaXcos direKpiOy) auTots, i7rrjp(jjTrj- 
crcv avTOV Ilota ccrrti> €ftoX^ TrpcoTT] ttglvtw; direKpiOrj 29 
o l^crous oti IIpcor?7 ecTrtV *AKOye, 'IcpAhiA, KypiOC 6 
^/*«r, Kv'pios 660C r HMCON KyplOC* 1 e!c 6CTIN, KAI ArAHHCGIC KypiON 30 

tvj? ton 6eoN coy el oAhc t KApAiAc coy kai el oAhc 

thc YYX^ C C °Y kai el oAhc thc Aianoiac coy kai 
el OAHC THC ICXYOC COy. Sevrtpa avTrj 'ArAnHceic 31 
TON nAHCION COy (he CGAyTON. fjL€i£wv TOVTWV dXXrj 
KaXelirev ivToXrj ovk eaTLV. ^Ittev" avTcp 6 ypa/xp.aT£i;s KaXcos, 32 

StSdcxKaXe, Itt aXr/Octa? ct7T€s otl eiC eCTiN KAI OyK CCTIN 

W AAAOC TTAhN AyTOy* Kat TO AfATTAN AYTON kl OAHC T 33 

KApAiAc kai el oAhc thc cyNeceooc kai el oAhc thc 

ICXYOC Kat to AfATTAN TON nAHCION OOC GAyTON 7reptcT- 
croVepoV eo-Ttv 7rdvT<ov TOON oAOKAyTOOMATCON KAI GyciCON. 
Kat o I^cxovs tScoi/ arroi/ 6Vt vowc^cos dir^KpiO-q elttev 34 
avrco Ou fiaKpav [et] aVo ttJs /^acxtXetas to9 #€o£. Kat 
ouSets ovkItl iToXfxa avTov i7repu)T7JcraL. Kat 35 

aVoKpt#€ts o 'iTycrov? e'Xeyei/ StSdcTKcoy ei> tco tepep IIcos 
Xiyovcrw ot ypap,p,aT€ts OTt o Xpio~Tos vlos AauetS ecrTtf ; 
avTO? Aax;€tS ct7rev ev tco TrvcvfiaTi tco aytcp 36 

Ka^o-or ETttgn Kypioc tco Kypico Moy r KA0oy" 7 eK AgIicon Moy 

ecoc an Geo Toyc exGpoyc coy ynoKATco tcon hoAcon 
coy 
ai;Tos AavelS Aeyct ovtov Kvptov, Kat 7r66cv clvtov Io-tlv vlos ; 37 
Kat o 7roAi5s o^Xos rjKovev avTov 7/Seco?. Kat iv ttj 3 3 



XII XIII KATA MAPKON 103 

ScSa^rj avTov eXtyev BXeTrere diro tujv ypa/x/xarecov t&v 
OeXovTwv iv crroXats 7r€pt7rar€tv kcu dcnracrfJLOvs iv Tats 

39 ayopats Kat 7rpa)TOKa#€Sptas iv Tats owaywyats Kat 7rpa>- 

40 TOK/\.l<TtaS €1/ TOtS r 8et7TVOtS, ol KCLT€(T8oVT€S TCIS OtKUXS SeiVvot?* ot 

« m x * j ' * ' -\9 ...TTooa-evyofJievoL 

twv xqpwv Kai 7rpo<pao-€L jxaKpa 7rpocr€vxofJL€Voc ovtol -\ Ka i 6p<£cuwh 

41 XrjfjLxf/ovTOLL 7r€pi(Tor6Tepov Kpt/xa. Kat kol6l- 

cras r KarkvavTi tov ya^ocj^vXaKtov iOewpec 77(3? o o)(Xos dnevavrt 

fiaXXei -^Xkov €ts to ya^ocfrvXaKiov kcu 7roXXol ttXovctlol 

42 ej3aXXov 7roXXa* Kat iXOovcra /xta xVP a ^ TC0 XV f^SaXev 

43 Ac7TTa 81; o, o icTTLV KO$pdvT7]s. Kai 7rpoo"Ka/Vccra/xevos 
tous fxaOrjras olvtov tnrev auTots A/xrjv Xeyw vplv otl rj 
XVP a avTr] t] 7TT(i>xV ^Xeiov iravTWV efiaXev tcov fiaXXov- 

44Tcd^ cts to ya£o</>u\a/aov irdvTcs yap Ik tov irepicro'tv- 
ovtos airrots ej3aXov, avTrj Se €K Trjs WTcpryo-coos avTrjs 
irdvTa ocra ^X €v tfiaXev, oXov tov (3 tov avTrjs. 

1 Kai iK7ropevo[JLevov avTov e/c tov lepov Xiyci avTu> 
€ts twv fJLaOrjT&v avTov AtSacrKaXc, tSc iroTairoX Xl6ol 

2 Kat 7TOTa7rat otKoSo/xat. Kat o Irjcrovs etirev avrco BXe- 
7T€is Ta^Tas Tas ficydXas otKoSo/xas; ov fxrj dcjyzOy (SSc 

3 Xidos €7rt XiOov os ov /jlt) KaTaXvOrj T . Kat KaOrjp.ivov -j , *al Sii Tptwi/ 

a^TOi; CIS TO OpOS TWV EAattoJ/ KOTZVaVTl TOV LepOV <TTq<TeT(ua.vevxz<-- 
9 / » \ » »cw 7-r/ v 't ' O v 't ' pco^H 

€7rrjpojTa avTov KaT totav llerpos Kat laKwpos Kat looa- 

4 vrjs Kai 'AvSpeas EtTrov 77/JtLV 7tot€ TauTa ccrTat, Kat Tt 

5 to crrjixeiov OTav jxiXXrj TavTa o-WTeXetcrOat irdvTa. o 8e 
'Irjcrovs rjp^aTO Xiyeiv auTots BXe7T€T€ \jjq Tts i5/>tas 

6 TrXavrjcrri* iroXXoi iXevaovTat €7rt tw ovo/xaTt /xov Xe- 
7yovT€s oTt 'Eyoj ct/xt, Kat 7roA.Xovs 7rXav7^croi;o"tv. OTav Se 

r aKOUCT77T€" 1 TToXifJLOVS Kai CLKOa? 7ToX€fJUi)V, fir) OpOeiaOc (Zkovyits 

8 Ae? [-€N€C6<\I, aX\' oi;7ra) to t£Xos. erep0HC6TAI yap 

60NOC err 69noc kai BaciAgia em BaciAgian, lo-ovTai 

creLcrfJiol KaTa tottovs, tcrovTai Xl/jlol' dpx^ w^lvojv Tavra. Ap, 

9 /3Xi7TCT€ Se vjxets iavTovs' 7rapaSojcrovcrtv vjxds cts crvviopia 
Kat cts o"waya)yas 8ap>/o-eo"^€ Kat €7rt yyepovuv Kat pa- 



104 KATA MAPKON XIII 

GtXitav o-TaOrjcreaOe zvckcv ifiov ets ptapTvpiov aurots. 
kolL ets irdvTa rd Wvrf 7rptoTOV Set K7]pv)(6rjvai to euayye- 10 
Xlov. koll oTav aywcrtj/ i5/xas 7rapaStSovT€<; 9 p.rj 7rpo- « 

/JL€pL[AVaT€ Tt \a\7]<jr]T€, CtXX' O CaV So&J U/XiV eV iKUVYj 

rrj cSpa touto XaXetre, ox> yap ccttc v/xets ot XaXoiWes dXXd 
to 7rv€vpia to aytov. Kal 7rapaS(ixret aSeX<£ds aSeX<£oV ets 12 
BdvaTOV Kal Trarrjp t£kvgv, koX eiTANACTHCONTAI T6KNA 
6TTI |~ON 61 C kcll 6avaTwaovatv avTOvs' Kal ccrecrOe [iicrov- 13 
fievot viro 7rdvT(i)V Sid to ovojxd fiov, 6 Se iVo/xetVas ets 
TeXos ovtos o-o)6tJo-€tou. "Otciv Se L&r)T€ TO BAeAyfMA 14 
THC epHMOOCGOOC iaTTjKora o7rov ov Set, d aVayivooo'Ktoi' 
voetro), rdre ot eV ttJ 'IouSata ^euyerwcrai/ ets ra op?7, 
Se d T eVt tov Sco/xaTOS /xt; KaTa/3ara) /x/^Se etcreX^ara) ti 15 

apat e/< T17S otKi'as avrov, Kat o ets toV aypov firj e7rtcrrpe- 16 
i^aVa) ets ra O7rto"co apat to I/jlotlov airrou. oral Se rats 17 
eV yaarpt e^ovo-ats Kat rats ^^Xa^ovo-ats iv eKetVats rats 
97/xepats. Trpoo-evxeade Se ti/a /x?) ykvrfrai ^et/xcavcs* 18 
ecrorrat yap at rjfxipai e/ceti/at 6AiyiC 01 A OY re[~ 0NeN * 9 
TOIAYTM AH Ap)(HC KT1C600C rjv eKTiaev 6 0eds eCOC TOY 
NyN Kat ou /xt; yivrjTdL. Kal et /xt) eKoXd/3coo~ei/ Kfptos 20 
Tas 77/xepas, ou/< aV iarwOr] 7raVa crapf' aXXa Sta rovs 
€kX€Ktovs ovs e£eXe'£aTO eKoXd/^oocrei' ras 77/xepas. Kat 21 
Tore eav rts u/xty et7r^ loe woe o ^ptcrros loe e/cet, 
/xt; TUG-re^ere iyepOrjo-ovTat yap xf/cvSo^pto-TOL Kal yey- 22 
AOTTpO())HTAI Kat A(i)COYCIN CH\A6?A KAI TepATA 7rpds 
to airoirXavav et SwaroV tovs €kX€ktovs* u/xets Se /?Xe- 23 
7T€re* TrpoeLprjKa vjjuv iravTa. 'AXXa iv eKetVats rats 24 
97/xepats /xeTa T^r OXtil/iv iKZLvrjv 6 HAlOC CKOTIC0HC6TAI, 
KAI H CeAHNH Of A<i>C6l TO cf)fcn~OC AYTHC, KAI 01 25 
ACTGpeC 6C0NTAI ei< TOf ofpANOf TTlYrTONTeC, KAI Al 
AYNAM6IC AI 6N TO?C OYpANO?C CAAeYOHCONTAI. Kat 26 
TOT€ oif/OVTat TON Y'ON TOY AN0poC>TTOY lpXOM€NON €N 
N6({)6AAIC /xeTa Sv^axtecas TroXXrjs Kal Soirjs* Kal TQTt z 7 



XIII XIV KATA MAPKON 1 05 

aiToo-reXe? tovs dyyiXov? kol enicyNAiEei tgvs IkXzktovs 
[avrov] 6K TOON TGCCApOON AN6M00N ATI AKpoy yr}<$ 600C 

28 AKpoy oypANOy. 'A71-0 Se rrjs crvKrjs jmaOere 
rrjv TrapafioXrjv orav rjSrj 6 kXolSos avTr}s aVaAos yivrj- 
rat kol €Kcj>vrj ra <j>vXXa, ytvcocr/cere ore iyyvs to 6£pos 

29 €OTTLV OVT10S KOL V/X61?, OTCLV I'S^TC TOLVTCL yiVO/JLCVOL, y«/G)- 

30 cr/cerc otl iyyvs Icrriv €7rt Ovpats. ajxrjv Xeyo) vjjuv otl 
ov /xrj irapikOrj rj yevca avrrj p^ois ov tolvtcl irdvra 

31 yevrjrai. o ovpavos koll rj yrj TrapzXevarovTaiy ol Se Xoyoi 

32 jxov ov T TraptXtvcrovTai. Ilepi Se rrjs rj/jiipaq cKeti/775 y ^ 
tt;s wpas ovO€ls oioev, ot>0€ ot ayyeAot ev ovpai/a) ovoe o dyyeAos 

33 i;ids, el fjoi] 6 7raT7]p. /?A.€7T€Te aypuTn/cire, ovk oiSare yap 

34 7tot€ d Kaipds [eorii/]* a$s avOpomos airoSrjfJios ac^eis t^v 
oiKtav avrov kcu Sous rots SovAois avrov T7yj/ i^ovecav, 
cKacrra) to epyov avrov, kcu rdo 6vpo)p<2 iverciXaro Iva 

dsyp^yopfj. yprjycpelre ovv, ovk olSare yap irore 6 Kvpio? 
rrjs 01/aas ep^erai, rj o\j/€ rj jjl€ctovvktlov i] aXcKTopo- 

36 cj>u)VLOLS r) 7rpa)t, fxrj iXOtjJV ££;€<fivrjs zvprj vfxds KaOzvBovTas* 

37 o Se v/xtv Aeyo) irdcriv X£yu>, yprjyopetre. 



1 HN AE TO IIA2XA kcu rd a£v/xa fierd Svo rjjAzpas. 
Kai itflTovv ol ap^tepets Kai ol ypap,p,aT£is ttojs avroV ci/ 

2 SdAo) Kparrjoravres airoKrzivwcriv, cXeyov yap M77 er tt} 
ioprrj, fxrj ttotc lorat 66pvf3o<; rov Xaov. 

3 Kai orros avroi; ev B^ai/ia ei/ tt} ot/cta ^tpioivos tov 
Xewpov KcnaKUfxivov avrov rjX6cv yvvrj Zyovcra dXd/3a- 

CTTpOV jJLVpOV vdpSoV TTLCTTlKrjS 7ToXvTeXoV^ CrVVTpLlf/aaa TTjV JrokVTekoZq,-— 

4 dXdfjacTTpov Kare^eev avrov rrjs KtcfyaXrjs. r Tjcrav Si ^ iSk ^a&nralav- 
Ttvcs ayavaKTOvvres Trpo? cavrovs kits tl rj aTrcoActa KallAeyoKF- 

5 avrrj tov fxvpov yeyovev; rjSvvaTO yap tovto to fxvpov 
Trpaurjvat €7ravco orjvapLwv TpiaKoenwv Kai oourjvai rot? ptwi' 



106 RATA MAPKON XIV 

ttto))(6ls' koll evej3pi[iu)VTO avrrj. 6 Se 'Irjcrovs €ltt€V 6 
*Ac/>€T€ avTTjV* tl avrrj kottovs 7rapc^€T€; kolXov epyov 
•qpydcraTO Iv ifiot" irdvTOTZ yap rovs 7tto)^ot;s cyf 
fieff* cavrw, Kat orav OiXrjre hvvacrde olvtols [wdvTOTe] ev 
7rot7Jaai y c/xc Se ov iravjore ?x €Te 6 toryev liroi-qcrev, irpo- 8 
iXafiev fJLvpLGTOLL to o-(o/xa ^u,oi> cts tov €vracjita(Tjx6v, djxrjv g 
Se Aeyo) v/xtV, oVou eav Krjpv^Orj to evayyeXiov ets oXov 
tov Kooyxoj/, kcu o iiroLrjcrev avrrj XaXrjOijcrcTaL cts fxvrjfxo- 
avvov avTrjs. Kat *Ioi58as 'Io"Kaptw# o ets 7W io 

SooSeKa dirrjXOev 7rpos tovs ap^tepets tva auTov TrapaSot 
avrots. ot Se aKoixrai/Tes iydprjcrav kcu eV^yyetAai/TO aura) n 
apyvptov Sovvcu. kcu i&jTei 7rcus avrov euKatpcos 7rapa8ot. 

Kat ttJ TrpwTrj ^p-cpa twv a&fxutv, ot€ to 7rdcr)(a ZOvov, 12 
Xe'yowu/ ai?Tu) ot [xaOrjTai avTOv Hov #eAets aTrzXOovTts 
CTOt/xao-w/xci' u/a cfadyrjs to iracrya; Kat airoo~TiXXzi hvo 13 
7W fia6r)T<jjv avTOv Kat Aeyet carrots YfrayeTe ets tt}i/ 
7roXti/, /cat diravTrjcrei vjxiv aV#pa>7ros Kepdpuov vSoltos 
(SacrTa^wv aKoXovOrjcraTe aurw, Kat ottov eaV elcreXOy] 14 
ctVare tu> ot/<o8co"7ro'r77 ort '0 StSourKaAos Aeyet ILov 
Icttlv to KcndXvfxd jxov ottov to irdcrya /xcra twv fxaOrjTwv 
fxov c^ayw; Kat airros vpuv Setfet dvdycuov jxiya ecrrpcD/xe- 15 
vov eYot/xoV Kat eKet erot/xao"ar€ ?;/xti/. Kat ££r)X6ov ol 16 
fxaOrjTcu kcu rjXOov ets r?)v 7roXtv Kat evpov kolOujs cTttci/ 
aurots, Kat ^Tot/xaaai/ to nrdcr^a. Kat o^t- 17 

as yevofievrjg ep^erat jneid rcov SwSeKa. Kat aVaKet/xe- 18 
rcov avT&v kcu £cr0i6vT(iiV o Irjcrovs et/rev 'Afxrjv Xeyoi 

>w icrQiovTiav VfUV OTL €tS e£ V/Z-tol/ 7rapa8uXT€t fl€ eC0IOON M6T 6~ 

Mof. yjpiai'TO Xv7rucr6cu Kat Xeyetv avra) cts Kara 19 
cts Mrjrt eyco; o Se cl7T€v avrots Ets rwi/ SwScKa, o 20 

ep,j8a7TTO/X€i/os jaer' cp,ov ets to [Ik] Tpv/3Xtov ort o 21 
/xei/ vtos tot; av^pw7rou vTrayet kclOujs yeypctincu 7repl 
ovtov, oval 8e tw dvOpomio eKCtVci) St' ou o vtos tou 
diOpdirov 7rapaStSoTar KaXov avT(3 et ouk iy€vvy]6rj 6 av- 



XIV KATA MAPKON 107 

22 0poi7ros eKtlvos. Kat €<j6i6vtg)V avTiov Xafiuv 
dpTOV zv\oyrj<ja<z InXacrev Kat eSw/ccv auTots koll €ltt€v 

23 Aa/?ere, tovto Io~tlv to o-w/xa fiov. koll Xa(3(jjv ttottJ- 
piov evxapL(TT7]<jas ISookci/ auTOts, Kat cTrtov £$ avTov 

24 7raW€9. Kat dirtv clvtols Tovto Icttiv TO A I MA jaov 

25 THC AlAGHKHC to iK^yvvojxcvov virep 7roXXtov • a/x?yi/ 
Xeya) vjjlIv otl cvk£tl ou p,r} 7rta) ck tou yevrjjJLOLTOS Trjs 
afxiriXov €a)s 717s ^/xcpas Ikuvtjs otolv clvto 7rtva> Kaivov 

26 eV T77 j3aoriXeia tov 0€ov. Kat v/JLvrjaavTes 

27 l^rjXOov ets to "Opos tw^ 'EXatcur. Kat Xeyct 
avTOts o' 'I^crous ort IIoVtcs o-KavSaXtcr&fo-co-^e, otl ycypa- 
TTTdL TTaTAIcO TON TT0IM6NA, KAI TA TTpoBATA AlACKOp- 

28 TUCGHCONTAI* dXXa xteTa to iytpOrjvoLL /xe irpod^o) i5/xas 

29 ets Tryv TaXtXatav. o 8e IleTpos €^77 ai>T<3 Et Kat 7rav- 

30 T€s ovcavSaXto'^croi'Tat, aXX' ol'k cyw. Kat Xeyct avru 
o Irjo~ovs Afjirjv Xcyco crot oTt av orrjfJLtpov tclvty) tt} vvktl 

31 Trpti/ 7) Sts dXcKTopa (fxjJvrjcraL Tpts xt€ dirapvijarj. 6 §€ 
CKTrcptcro-ws eXaXet 'EaV 8 £77 /xe awa7ro#aj/€(V cot, ou 
/x?7 o~e aVapv^croLtat. cJaauYoos [Se] Kat 7ra^T€S eXeyor. 

32 Kat ZpypvTaL cts ^toptW ou to oVo/xa rc^a^/xavet, Kat 
Xcyct Tots /xa^Tats airroG Ka0to~aT€ a>8e coos 7rpoo"€u£co- 

33 /xat. Kat 7rapaXafJi/3av€L tov TlcTpov Kat r T0i/ 'Iolko)J3ov Kat 'IaKco/Sov /cat 
toj/ 1 Itoai^v /xcT auTou, Kat rjp^aTO eK^a/x/Jettr^at Kat 01S77- 

34 /xoveti/, Kat Xe'yct axrots TTepiAynOC 6CTIN H YYX H ' M0 Y 

35 ea)s 6avd.TOV xtetvaTe cuSe Kat yprjyopeLTC Kat r 7rpoeX#GoV n TrpoveMuiv 

fJLLKpOV €7Tt7TT€V eVt T?Js y^?> Kat 7rpOCT7]V^€TO LVOL €t SwaTOV 

36 ecrrti/ TrapiXdrj aV clvtov 7) (Spa, Kat IXeycv *A/3j3d 6 
7raT?/p, 7ravTa SwaTa (ror 7rapeVcyK€ to iroTrjpLov tovto 

37 a7r c/xoi? # aAA ov Tt eya> C7€Aa) aAAa Tt cru. Kat ep^CTat 
Kat ci;pto"K€t airrcvs Ka^euSovTa?, Kat Xeyet tw IleTpa) 
Stttcoi/, Ka^cuSet?; ouk tcr^ucras xttW wpav yprjyoprjcraL; 

38 yprjyopeLTe Kat Trpoo-eu^ccr^ tva ju/>} eXOrjTe cts 7rctpao-/xov 

39 to /X€F 7rvcvfxa TTpoOv^ov 7] 8e Q-cip^ dcrOevrjs. Kat TraXtv 



io8 



KATA MAPKON 



XIV 



arreXOwv Trpocrrjv^aTO [tov avrov Xoyov eliruv]. Kal iraXw 40 
iX6(x)V evpev clvtovs KaOevSovras, iqcrav yap avT(Zv ol 
dc/>#a\p,ol Karaf^apvvojxcvoi, kcu ovk ySetcrav ri aVo- 
Kpi6£ycrw avTw. kcu ep^erai to rpirov ko! Aeyec clvtols 41 
dp. Ka^euSeTe [to] Xolttov kcu dvaTravecrOf aVe^er rjXQtv y 

topa, l8ov TrapaStSoTat o mds tov aV#paj7rou ets ra? ^ctpas 
Tiov djJLapTU)XoJV. eyetpeo*#e dyoijxev ISov 6 7rapa$c$ov<s 42 
jxc TjyyiKtv. Kat ev6vs eVt avrov XaXovvTOS 43 

7rapaycv€Tat [d] 'icruSas els twv SwSeKa kcu jxzt avrov 
oyXos /xera p,a>(atpaV /ecu, £vXa)V 7rapd tcui^ apxtepeW Kal 
twv ypa/xp,aTeW Kal tujv 7rpeo-/3vTepo)v. SeScoKet 8e o 44 
7rapaBcSovs avTOV crvcrcrrjiJLOV avTols Xiyoyv *Ov av <f)LX7]cro) 
avTos io~TLV KpaT7jcraT€ avTOV Kal a 7r ay ere ao*<£aAa>s. kcu 45 
iX6u>v €v9vs TTpocreX6u>v avTco Aeyet 'P a/3/3 et, Kal Kare- 
KJiiXrjcrev avTov. ol Se i7re/3aXav ras ^etpas avTco Kat eKpa'- 46 
Trjorav avrov. els Se [tis] tcok 7rapeo~TrjK6T<j>v o~7racrd[A€vos 47 
T?;v /xa^atpav eiraitrev tov SovXov tgv ap^tepeoos Kal dcf>ei- 
Xev avTov to wTaptov. Kal aVoKpt^els 6 'I^crous et^ey 48 
avTots 'Os eVl XrjcrTrjv l^rjXOare p,era fxaycupwv kcu £vXu>v 
orvXXajSeiv fie, KaO rjfxipav tjjjltjv irpos v/xas iv rc3 tepa) 49 
ixpaTscTe SiSdcTKinv Kal ovk r iKpary]craT€ ] /xe* aAA' tva 7rXr}pu)6wo~iV 

at ypatfiaL Kal acfrevTes avrov e<pvyov 7rdvTes. Kal ^ 
veavLCTKOs tis crvvTjKoXovdzL airw 7rept/3e/3A?7/xeVos cru/Sdva 
^/» eVl yr/xvoi;, Kal KpaTovcriv avTov, 6 Se KaraXt7rco^ r^y 52 

crtvSdra yi;p,T/ds ec^uyer. 

Kal aV^yayoi/ Toy 'I^crow 7rpds tov ap^tepea, Kat 53 
avrw crvvip^ovTai T 7rdi/T€S 01 ap^tepets Kal ot 7rp€o-/3vT€pot 

Kal ol ypa/x/xarets. Kal d XleVpos a7ro p,aKp66cv tjkoXov- 54 
Orjaev avTco ecos eo"a) ets tt^i/ afX^v tov ap^tepecog, Kat ^^ 
o-vvKaOypevos //.era rwv vTrrjpcTiov Kal OepfAacvojJLevos irpos 
to ^)c3g. ot Be ap^tepets Kal oXoy to crvviSptov ItjqTOW 55 
KaTa tou 'I^o-ov jxapTvpiav ets to 6aFaTcuo-at auTor, Kat 
o^x rjvpLCTKOV 7roXXol yap £ij/evSo[JLapTvpovv KaT avTov, 56 



XIV KATA MAPKON 109 

57 Kal teat at jxaprvptat ovk rjcrav, koll TtVe<j avaoravres 

58 iil/evSojxaprvpovv kolt avrov Aeyovres ort H/xets rjKov&a- 
jacv avrov Aeyovros ort Eyo) KaraXvcro) rov vaov tovtov 

TOV ■^€ip07TOLr]TOV KOLL StCl TplWV rjfJLCpUyV aXXoV O^ipOTTOir}- H aVao-TTyVo) a'xct- 

59 TOV OLKO0OfJL7](T(i) ' KCLI OV0€ OVT(D$ tCTJ] 7]V 77 [XdpTVpta aVTWV. 

60 Kal dvacrrd^ 6 dp^tepevs et? fxtcrov e7rr7pajT77crev rov Irjcrovv 

Aeycov Ovk aVoKptvr/ ovSev, r rt~ i ovrot crov Karap,aprv- on 

61 poverty; c ? e ecrt(07ra Kal ovk air€Kptvaro ovSev. irdXtv 
o ap^t€p€v<s e7T7jp(i)Ta avrov koX A.eyet avrai 2v €t o ^ptcrros 

62 o vtos tov evA.oy?7Tcv; o Se 'Irycrovs et7rev 'Eyw eip,t, Kal 
6'vpecee T q N yioN toy ANOpoonoy Ik AgIioon KA0HMeNON 

THC AyNAMGOOC KAI ep^OMGNON M6TA TOON N6(})eA0oN TOf 

63 oypANof. o Se dp^tepevs Stapr;£as tovs ^iTcovas avrov 

64 Ae'yet Tt In ^petav e^opev p.aprvpa)v; TyKovVare t^s 
f3Xo.o~cf>r] fica? ; ti v/xtv <£atverat; ot Se 7rdvre9 KareKptvav 

65 avrov evo)(ov etvat Oavarov. Kal rjp^avro rtves ep,7rrvetv 
avra) Kat ireptKaXvirruv avrov ro 7rpoo"W7rov Kat KoAa<£t£etv 
avrov Kat Aeyetv avr<3 Hpo<prjrcvcrov } Kat ot virqpirai 

66 paTrto-jxao'tv avrov eXa/3ov. Kal ovros tov 
Ilerpov Kara) ev tt} avA.77 epyzrat fxta tujv 7ratSto-K<ov rov 

67 ap^tepea)9, Kal tSovcra rov Ilerpov #ep/jtatvop-evov i{j,/3X£~ 
i[/acra avra> Aeyet Kal o~v p,era rov Na£apr;vov 7;a^a rov 

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7ratStcrK7j tSovVa avrov r 7Jp£aro irdXtv Aeyeiv 1 rot? 7rape- elmv 

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ava^epart^etv Kal ofivvvai ort Ovk otoa roi^ avOpoiirov 

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8 



IIO RATA MAPKON XV 

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/3ao-tXevs tgjv 'lovSatwv; d Se aTTOKpiOels aurw Xe'yet 2v 
Aeyeis; r Xeyet?. n Kat Karrjyopovv avrov ol ap^tepet? 7roXXa. d Se 4 

II ct A aros 7raXtv iirrjpwra avrov [Xeycov] Ovk aTTOKpivtj 
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ioprrjv arriXvev avrots eva Seoyxtov bv iraprjrovvro. iqv Se 7 
d Xeyd/xevos Bapa/3/3as /xera ra>v crrao-tao-roav SeSe/xeVos 
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7raXtv eKpafav 2ravpcoo-ov avrov. d Se IletXaros eXeyev 14 
avrots Tt yap eTrot^trev kolkov; ol Se 7repto-cru>s eKpafav 
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ScoKev rov 'Irjcrovv c/>payeXXtocras tva crravp(j)6rj. 

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o ecrrtv 7rpatTtoptov, Kat trvvKaXovcrtv oX^v r??v aireipav. 
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avrov Xatpe /^acrtXeO tgov 'iovSatW* Kat erv7rrov avrov 19 
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tov. Kat efayovo"tv avrov tva oTavpuxramv 



XV 



KATA MAPKON 



III 



21 avrov koI dyyapevovcnv irapayovra tlvcl HifjLwva 'Kvprj-' 
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24 ovk tXafiev. ical crravpovaiv avrov Kat ^lAMepiZONTAI T<\ 
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112 



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XV XVI 



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I KATA AOYKAN 117 

MeyaXvvtL H YYX" MOY TON KypiON, 

47 kou HrAAAlAC€N to TTvev/Jid /xov 6TTI TO) 06(1) TO) COOTHPl' MOY* 

48 on eneBAeyeN eni thn TArreiNOjCiN thc AoyAHC aytoy, 

iSov yap diro rov vvv /xa/captovcrtV p,€ 7raVat at yeveat* 

49 ort itroLYjo-ev fxoi fieydXa o Svvcltos, 

kou APON TO ONOMA A^TOY, 

50 Kat to eAeoc aytoy eic r^NeAc kai r^NeAC 

TOIC (J)OBOYM6NOIC AYTON. 

51 'ETTOt^O-Cl/ KpOLTOS €1/ (3pa^LOVL OLVTOV, 

8/.c<TKop7rt(T€V {nreprjtfrdvovs Scavota KapStas aura^' 

52 KA06IA6N AyNACTAC aV6 0p6Va>V /cat fy<X>C€N TAHeiNOYC, 

53 ttginoontac tNenAHceN ArAOooN Kat ttAoytoyntac 

elAntcTeiAeisi kgnoyc. 

54 ANT6AaB€TO 'IcpAHA TTAlAOC AyTOY, 

mnhcOhnai eAeoYc, 

55 kol6<i)<s iXdXrjaev Trpos tovs iraripas t^/xwi/, 

tw 9 Af3padfi /cat tw cnrepfjLGLTL avrov ets rov atwra. 

56 E/xewcv Se Maptdp, crvi/ avrrj w$ fjirjvas Tpets, kcll viri- 

(TTp€ll/€V €t? TOV OLKOV OLVTrjs. 

57 Trj Se 'EActcra/?€T iTrXrjcrOr) 6 \povos rov t*K€lv avrrjv, 

58 /cat kyevvqcrev vlov. Kat rjKovcrav ol irepioiKoi Kat ot o~i;y- 
yevctg avTrjs on ifJicydXvvev K/uptos to eAeos a{rot> fi€T av- 

59 T779, Kat crvv£)(aipov avrrj. Kat iyzvero Iv Trj rjpiipa T T? 
oySo^ rjXOav 7repiT€jU,etv to 7ratStW, Kat eKaAow auTo €7rt 

60 tw ovofxaTt tov 7rarpds avToO Za^aptav. Kat airoKpiOeicra 
rj fJLrjTrjp avTOv €ltt€V Ov^i, dAAd KXrfOrjO'eTai 'Iwdvrjs. 

61 Kat €t7rav 7rpo? avTrjv on OuSeis co-Ttv €K ttJs cruyyc- 

62 vcta, aov os KaAetTat tco ovopari tovtoj. ivivevov Se to) 

63 TraTpl avrov to ti ai/ 0e'A.ot KaXetaOai avro. Kat am?- 
cras irivaKihiov eypaij/zv Xiywv 'icoaV^s co"Tty ovo/ia avrov. 

64 Kat iOavfxao-av 7ravT€*. dv€ii)(6rj Se to crTO/xa auro9 irapa- 



Il8 KATA AOYKAN I 

•^prjixa koI rj yAwcrcra olvtov, koll IXolXcl €vXoy<2v tov 6eov. 
Kai kyivcro eVi 7ravTas <j>6/3os tovs irepioLKOvvTas av- 65 
Toys, koll iv oXrj rrj opcvfj rrjs 'IovSaias 81eA.aA.eiTO itolvtol 
Ta p^/xara Tcu5ra, koll eOevTO 7tolvt€S el aKOvcravTt*; iv rrj 65 
rcapSta olvtqjv, Xeyovres Ti apa to Traihiov tovto earat ; 
/<al yap ^elp Kvptov tjv p.er aiVoi). Kat 67 

Za^aptas d Trarrjp olvtov i7r\y]<r9r} Trvev/ACLTOS ayiov koI 
e7rpo(prjT€va€v Xeywv 

EyAorHTOc Kypioc 6 0e6c toy 'IcpAHA, 68 

OTiiirea'Kiij/aTO Kal eVoi^crei/AyTpoOCIN TO) AAO) <VfTOy, 
koI HreipeN KepAC o-am/pias 77/uv 69 

€V otKO) A^yeiA 7raiSds avrou, 

/<a#oos iXdXrja'ev 81a OTop.aros rwv dyicov air altovos 70 

irpocftrjTOjv olvtov, 
CCDTHpiAN 6l fc)(0pa)N HMOON KAI 6K X^ipOC TTOLVTUV 71 

T(X)N MICOYNTCON HMAC, 
7roLrj(raL eA€OC jU,cra tcoi> 7raTepa)v rjjuaiv 72 

Kal MNHC0HNAI AIA0HKHC dyias AyTof, 

opKON 6v wfiocrev 7rpds Afipaajx toV 7rarepa 77/xwi/, 73 

to£> 8owa6 97/uv d(^d/?a)s e/< ^eipds i^Opwv pvcrOivras 74 

AaTpeueiv aura) eV do-tdr^Tt Kat StKatocru^r; 75 

Tra ffa? rd? rj/uipaj eVa)7Tl01/ aUTO*} 7ra<T(XlS TOLLS T^/Xepats" 1 7]jJLU)V. 

Kal cri; Se, TraiSiW, 7rpo<f>7JT7)s 'Yi/acrrov kXtjOtJo-yj, 7 6 
irpOTTQpcvo-rj yap eNOOTTION Kypioy 6T0IMACAI OAoyC 

AyToy, 
tov Sowai yrwa"6v crcor^ptas tw Aaa5 avrov 77 

iv d<picreL dpapTLUiV olvtiov, 

Sta cnrXdyxya iXiovs Oeov tffiojv, jZ 

iv ots €7rto-fC€i^€rat ?7p.as dvaToXrj i£ vif/ovs, 

eniC|)AN<M TOIC 6N CKOT€l KAI CKIA 0ANATOy KA0HM6IMOIC, 7C 
tov fcaTei>#wat tous 7rd8as y/Jiwv cis dSdv elptfvrjs. 






I II 



KATA AOYKAN 



II 9 



80 To Se 7rcu8iov rjv^ave kcll iKparaiovro 7rv€vfxaTL, koli r)v 
iv tolls ipTJjJiois ecus r]fxipas aVaSet^coos olvtov 7rpo<s tov 
'icrpa^X. 



1 'EyeVcTO Se iv rats r]jxipaLS e/<€tVats i^rjXdev Soy/xa 
Trapa Katcrapos Auyouorou air oypafacr 6 at iracrav ttjv ot- 

2 KovfJLevrjv (avrr] aTroypafyrj irpcoTrj iyivero rjyefAovevovTos 

3 r^s Suptas r KvprjVLOv n -) koll iiroptvovTO irdvTes diroypd- 

4 <j>ecr6ai, <£Kd(TTO<$ els tt^v lavTou 7roXtv. Avefir] Se KOLL 
'Iwctt)^) a7ro t^s TaXtXatas Ik iroXeu>s Na£aper €ts t^ 
'IouSatai/ ets 7roXt^ Aai>€t8 ^rts /caXetrat ^-qOXei^, Sta to 

5 ctvat avroV e£ 01/cov Kat iraTpLas Aauet'8, a7roypai^acr#at 

6 ow Mapta/x tt} ijxvrjcTTevfJLevrj airw, ouo-27 e^/cva). 'EyeVe- 
to Se ev ra> eii/at avrous e/cet iirXrjcr6r]CTav at 77/xepat ro{! re- 

7 kuv avrrjv, koX ereKev tov vlov clvttJs tov 7rpo)TOTOKov, /cat 
icnrapydvwcrev glvtov /cat clv€k\lv€V olvtov iv <f>aTvrj, 8to- 

8 Tt OVK TjV OVTOLS T07TOS iv TO) KaTaXvfxaTL. Kat 
TroLjxeves ^crav iv ttj x w P a T f? ai;r i5 otypavXovvTes /cat cf>v- 
XdcrcrovTes <J>vXolkcis Trjs vvktos i-rrl ttjv iroLjxvrjv avrujv. 

9 /cat dyyeXos "Kvptov iizecny] olvto'ls kcll Sd£a Kvptov 

10 TrepLeXafJuf/ev avroiJs, Kat i<j)o/3rj0r)CTOLV <j>6j3ov jneyav kcll 
eiirev avrots o ayyeXo? M?y c/>o/?etcr#e, tSoi; yap evayye- 

11 Xt£op.at vplv ^apay [JLeyaXrjv yjtls ecrrat 7ravrt rw Xa<£, ore 
iT€\6r] v[MV crrjfJLepov crcor^p 6s eoTii> ^picrros KvpLos iv 

12 7roXct AauetS' Kat roi)ro vjxlv t a"r}fi€iov 9 evprjcreTe f3pe<f>os 

13 icnrapyavo) jievov Kat KeLfxevov iv <f>OLTvr). Kat i£e<f>vrjs iye- 
V€to crvv tw ayyeAa) 7rXrj6os arpartas r ovpavLov~ i alvovvTOiv 
tov Oeov koll XeyovTwv 

14 Aofa iv vij/LcrTOLs 6eu) koll inl yrj<$ zlprjvrj iv dv- 

6p(D7TOL<S r eVOOKLOLS 1 , 

15 Kat iyivero (05 dirrjXOov air clvtiqv els tov ovpavov ol ay- 
yeXot, ot 7roijJL€V€s iXdXovv 7rpos dXXrjXovs Al(X0w/jl€V 



Ap. 

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Ap. 



ovpavou 



evSoKta Ap- 



120 KATA AOYKAN II 

Sr} €o>s B^Acep, kolL tSa>/x€i> to pfjfxa tovto to ycyovos o o 
Kvpios iyvwpt(T€V r}puv. Kat rjXOav cnrevo-avTes kolL avtvpav 16 
TTjv T€ Mapta/x Kat toV 'Iaxny^ Kat to f3p£<j>o<$ Keipevov iv 

Tjj tpOLTVYj' ISoVTCS Se iyVtopiCTaV 7T€pl TOV prjfLCLTOS TOV 17 

\a\rj8ivTos olvtols 7repl tov iroaZiov tovtov, kglI 7ravTCS 18 
ol aKOvcravTes iOavpLaaav ire pi twv XaXrjOivTwv vtto tu>v 

Mapto/ut 7TOLfJL€V(Ji)V TTpOS OLVTOVS, r] Se '"Mapta"' TTOJVTa (TVV€T7]pei TOL 19 

pyj/xara ravra avv(3dXXovcra iv rrj KapSta avrrjs, kcu 20 

V7T€(7Tp€l[/aV ol 7TOLJJi€V€^ 8o£d£oVT€<5 Kat dlvOVVT€S TOV 0€OV 

cVt 7racnv 61s rjKovcrav Kat clSov Ka0tos iXaXrjOrj Trpos 
clvtovs. 

Kat ore i7rXyo-6rjo~av 77/xepat oktw tov ireptTepLetv av- 21 
ToV, Kat iKXrjdrj to bvofxa avTOv Irjcrovs, to kXtj61v vtto 
tov dyyiXov 7rpo tov avXXrifxfyB rjv at clvtov Iv ttj KOtXta. 

Kat OT€ enAHC0HCAN Al HMepAl TOY KAOApiCMOf 22 
avT<2v KaTa tov vojjlov Mcoucreoos, avrjyayov avTov els Iepo- 
c6Xvjj.a 7rapao"T>7crat t<3 KvpLco, Ka#aj<> yiypaTTTac iv vo/Ma 23 
Kuptou ort TTAN ApCGN AlANO?rON MHTpAN ApON TCO 
KypKO kAh0hC6TAI, Kat tov Sovvoll Bva-iav KaTa to dprj- 24 
/xeW eV tw vo/xo) Kvptov, zefroc TpYI~ON00N h Ay'o 

NOCCOYC HCpiCTepOON. Kat tSov dv6po)TTOS rjv 25 

iv 'lepovo-aXrjjJL <b oVo/za ^vficciv, Kat o av6pu)7ros ovtos 
StKatos Kat evXafirjs, irpocrhe^ppL^vos 7rapdK\rjartv tov 
IcrparjX, Kat irvevjia rjv ayiov eV auroV Kat ^1/ aur<t> 25 
K^^prifxaTiQ-piivov vtto tov irvevjJLaTos tov dytov fir) iSeiv 
OdvaTov 7rplv [77] av t§77 tov xptaroV "Kvplov. Kat rjXOev iv 27 
tw 7rv€v/naTL els to tepoV Kat iv Tw etcrayayctv totjs yovets 
to 7rat8to^ I770-OW tot) Toirjaai avTovs KaTa to tWicrpLevov 
tov vop.ov irepl avrov Kat avTos eSefaTO avro ets Tas 28 
dyKaXas Kat evXoyrjcrev tov Oeov Kat etrrev 

Nvi/ a7roAi;ets tov SovXov crov, 8eo"7TOTa, 29 

KaTa to p^jaa crov iv ilprjvrj' 



II KATA AOYKAN 121 

30 OTL €tSoV 01 6<+>6a\fJLOL flOV TO (TOiTTJptOV (TGV 

31 o rfTOipLacras Kara irpoo~u>irov rravruiV tcuV Xacov, 

32 4)ooc els ^noKAAYYiN eGNooN 

Kat $6£av Xaov crov Io-parjX. 

33 /cat, 771/ o iraTrjp avrov Kat rj firjrrjp 6avjxd^ovTes €7rt Tot? Ap. 

34 XaXovpevois rrepl avrov. Kat evXoyrjo-ev avrovs S'tyxetoV 

KCLL €LTT€V 7TpOS Mapta/A TT)V fJLYJTepa CLVTOV iSoi) OVTOS 

K€trat ets 7rTcocrtv Kat avacrracriv rroXXuv kv rc3 IcrpaijA 

35 Kat els (rrjfxeiov aVrtXeyo/xevov, /cat orov T avrrjs ttjv ^v^qv ^ 
SteXcvVcTat po/A<£ata, O7rcos av a7roKaXv</>#ioo"tv Ik ttoXX<2v 

35 KapSiwv StaXoytcr/Aot. Kat ?yv Ai/va 7rpocf)fj- 

tls, 6vydrr)p <Pavov7]X y £k <pvXrjs 'Ao-Typ, {avrrj Trpo/SefirjKv'ia 
kv yjjLepaLs ttoXXcuSj tpfjdacra jxera avSpos errj eirrd aVo 

37 ttJs rrapOevias avrrjs, koll avrrj xVP a ^ ws ercoV oySorJKOvra 
reacrdpu>v } ) 7] ovk ac/>taTaro rov lepov vr]crreiaLS kol Set]- 

38 crco-iv Xarpevovcra vvktcl kcu rjfxepav. kol avrrj rrj a!pa 
iw car aaa aV^cottoXoyetro tc3 #€co Kat kXdXec Trcpt avrou 
Tract]/ rots 7rpocrS€^o/X€i/ots Xvrptocrtj/ 'lepovo-aXrjfx. 

39 Kat cos kreXecrav iravra rd Kara rov vojjlov Kvptov, 
e7r ecrrpe\j/av els rrjv YaXtXaiav els 7roXti/ eWwj/ Na£apeV. 

40 To oe 7rat8tov rjv£avev koll eKparaiovro rrX-qpov pievcv 
0"0<£ta, Kat \dpis 6eov rjv Itt avro. 

41 Kat krropevovro ol yoveis avrov Kar eros €ts 'Icpowa- 

42 X77/X rfj koprrj rov 7racr^a. Kat ore kyevero ercoV StoSeKa, 

43 dvaj3aivovT(i)V avrw Kara to eOos rrjs eoprrjs Kat reXctto- 
aavTcoi/ ras rjjxepas, kv tco vrroarpecfietv avrovs V7refxetvev 
'Irjaovs 6 7rats ev 'IcpovcraX^/A, Kat ovk eyvucrav ol yoveis 

44 avrov. vofito-avres Se avroV elVat ei> T77 crvvoSla rjXQov 
rjfxepas 080V Kat dve^rjrovv avrov kv Tots o-vyyci/evcrtv Kat 

45 rots yycoo-rots, Kat fxr) evpovTts v7ricrTp€\[/av els lepovaaXrjpi 

46 aVaffyrovvrcs avrov. Kat kykvero fxerd r]fxepas rpcts cvpoir 
avroi/ kv tw tcpco KaOe^ofxevov kv /xeo"a) rc5V StSacKaXwi/ Kat 

47 aKovovra avrcuv Kat eTrcptortovra avrovs* k^io-ravro Se 



122 RATA AOYKAN II III 

7rdvT€<; ol <ikovovt€5 olvtov €7rt rrj <rvv€<jei koll tolls airoKpL- 
(Te<TLV olvtov. koll tSoVre? ovtov ££c7rXayr)crav, kcll sxttzv 48 

TTpOS OLVTOV 7j \JJY]TT]p OLVTOV TeKVOV, TL i7TOLT]Cra<S rjfuv 

outgo? ; iSov 6 TraTTjp aov koll eyco oSwwfJLeuoL fyjTovjJiiv 

<T€. KOLL €t7T€V 7Tp09 OLVTOVS Tt OTL ItflTZLTk fJL€ ', OVK TjSeLTC 49 

otl iv rots tov ircLTpos fJiov Set €ti/at /xe ; koll avTol ov 50 
crvvrJKav to prjfxa o iXdXrjcrev a{>TOtg. kcu KaTefir] fxeT av- 51 
TtoV kolL rjXOev ets Na£apeV, koX tjv vwoTacrcrGfxevos avrotg. 

KOLL 7] fJLrjTTjp OLVTOV SlCTljptL TTO.VTOL TOL prj/lCLTa €V Tjj Kdp- 

Sta olvttJs. Kat 'irjaovs TTpoeKOTTT6N Trj croc/>ta 52 

/cat yXtKLa KAI X^P ,TI HApA 06CO KAI AN0p<i>TTOIC. 



EN ETEI Se 7T€VT€/catSe:/cdTa) tt;s ^ye/xovtas Tt/Sept'ou 1 
Hln-tTpoTevovTOsh KatVapo?, ^ye/xovevovTos^ IIovTtoi; IlaAaToi; r^s 'IovSato r 
/cat r<Erpaap^o9i/T05 Trjs TaAtXatas 'HpcoSou, ^lXlttttov ok 
tov dScX<pov olvtov T€Tpaap)(ovvTOS Trjs Irovpata? koll 
Tpa^covtrtSos ^wpa?, /cat Av&cwlov tt;? A[$€LXr]vrjs Tcrpa- 
ap^oiWog, C7T6 ap^tcpew? "Avya Kat Katac/>a, iyiveTO prjfxa 2 
#eoi) C7rt 'IcoaV^v roi/ Za^aptov vtoV ei> ttJ iprjfjico. koll 3 
rjX9ev eU irdcrav 7reptva>pov tov 'IopSdVou Krjpvcro-wv /3a- 
7rrtcTjaa /xeravotas cts dtpecrLV d/xapTtcoV, cos yiypairTai iv 4 
(3lJ3X(0 X6yo)V 'Hcratov tov 7rpo^>rjTOV 

4><jonh Booontoc In th epHMco 

'EtOIMACATG THN OAON KypiOY, 

ey0eiAc noierre tac TpiBoyc AyToy. 

TTACA (})ApArI nAHpCO0HC6TAI 5 

KAI HAN 6'pOC KAI BoyNOC TATTCIN009HC6TAI, 
KAI fcCTAI TA CKOAlA €IC 6y0clAC 

kai ai TpA)(e?Ai eic oAoyc AeiAc* 

KAI OyeTAI nACA CApI TO COOTHpiON TOY 06Of. 6 



Ill RATA AOYKAN 123 

7 EXeycv ovv Tots eKTropcvo/xevots o^Xotg fiairrio-Brjvai vir av- 
rov YevvTJjJLara i^tSvcov, res V7riSet^€V v/jllv cfrvyeiv aVd 

8 t^s .-/xeAAovo-^s opyrjs; TTOir)o~ar€ ovv r Kaprrovs d£iov<p a£iovs kol P kov<; 
rrjs fxeravotas' Kat fxrj dp^rjcrOc Xeyetv iv kavrois Harepa 

e^ofxcv tov A/3paa/x, Xe'ya) yap vplv on Svvarai o #eos 

9 €K r<2v XWwv tovtojv eyctpat T€Kva tw 'A/2paa/z. ^8*7 Se /cat 

7] d^LVYJ 7TpOS T>}l/ pL&V TIQV SivSpWV KELTOU* 7TOLV CVV SeV- 
SpOV /JLTJ 7TOLOVV KapTTOV [tfaXoV] CKKOTTTeTat Kat €tS 7TL>p 

10 fiaWeTCU. Kat iTrrjpwTcov avrov ol o)(Xot Xeyovres Tt 

11 ovv 7rotyjo-wjJL€v ; aVoKpt^ets Se e'Aeyei/ carrots 'O e^cov 
Suo ^iTw^a? /xeraSoTcj to) /x?y e^ovrt, Kat d ^wi/ /?pw/xaTa 

12 opioid)? 7tolclt(x). ijXOov Se Kat TeXaWt /3a7rTia6rjvaL /cat 

13 €L7rav 7rpos cvurov AtSacncaXe, rt Trot^orcj/xev ; d Se ct7T€i/ 
7rpos aurovs M^Sey rrXiov irapa to SLareraypiivov vpuv 

14 7rpa<70-€Te. irr-qpuruiv Se auToV /cat crTparevofievoL Xiyov- 

T€S Tt 7T0L7]0~(x)lA€V Kat T^/Xet? J Kat €LTT€V avro7<S M77- 

( € t OLaacLcrrjTe /x-^Se o-vKocfravrrjcrrjTe, kcu apK€to~#€ 

15 rots oiJ/(x)vlois vfxtov. UpocrSoKcovros Se tou Xa- 
ov /cat StaA.oyifo/xeFOJi' rravruv iv rats KapStats avraJi/ 

16 7T€pt TOU Ia)aVOU, /XT/ 7T0TC aUTOS Ct?y O ^ptCTTO?, a7T€/cpt- 

varo Xcywv rrao~w d 'iwdV^s 'Eyco /xev -uSart fiaTrr i£o) 
v/xas* ep^crat 8e d la^yporepos fiov, ov ovk elpl t/cai/ds 
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17 pa7TTtcret ev irvevpLart ayta> Kat rrvpr ov to rrrvov iv rrj yip, 
^ctpt avVou StaKa6apat rrjv aXwva avrou Kat owayayetv 

tov o-trov cts tt;i/ aTroOrjKYjv avrov, to Se ayypov Kara- 

18 Kavcrct 7rvpt acrySeara). IloXXa /xev 0S1/ /cat 

19 ercpa TrapaKaXcov evrjyyeXit.ero tov Xaov 6 he 'HpwS^s d 
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ywatKos rov aSeXc^ou auTOu Kat 7T€pt iravrwv <hv iiroi- 

20 7^o"€V rrovqpQfV o 'HpcoSry?, 7rpoo m €0rjK€v Kat toi'TO €7rt 7rao~tr, 
KaT€KXcto~er tov 'Icuavr/i/ ev cfrvXaKrj. 

21 Eye^cTO 8e €i/ tw /3a7TTtcr^vat airavra rov Xaov koX 'by- 



124 



KATA AOYKAN 



III 



crov fiairTLaOevTcs koll Trpocrev^o/JLevov ave(t))(6rjvaL tov ov- 
pavov koll KOLTafirjvai to Trvevfxa to ayiov crw/xaTtKO) etSet ojs 22 
•jYto?/xov el <rv, TT€pi(TT€pav €7r avToV, kou, cj>o)vrju i£ ovpavov yevicrOai r 2v 

ctd vio's /xov d aya7r^ro5, ei/ o~ol evSd/c^a-a^. Kal 2- 

avTos rjv 'Irjcrovs ap^op-tvos ojcret erwv TpiaKovra, &v vlos, 
cos ivopi&TO, loxjycj) 



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tov HXei' 

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tov Aevec 

TOV WeX)(€L 

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tov I<j)o~r](j> 

25 tov MolttolOlov 

TOV AfJUOS 

tov Naov/x 

tov 'EcrXci 

tov Nayyai 

26 tov MadO 

tov M.olttol6lov 

TOV 2e/X€€lV 

tov 'Icocr^ 

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27 tov Iwavav 
tov 'P^cra 

tov Zopo/3d/3€\ 
'A&dnAjp. 'rov SaXatfnyX 

tov Nrjpec 

28 tov MeX^ei 
tov 'ASSct 
tov Koocra/x 
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tov Hp 

29 tou I^crov 



tov EXie£ep 

tov 'Ioopa/x 

tov Ma##aV 

tov Acva 

30 TOV 2v/X€0>y 

tov 'IovSa 

tov Iwo"rj(j> 

TOV ltoVOLfJL 

tov 'EXta/cciju, 

31 tov MeXea 
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tov Na#a/x 
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32 tov l€0"crat 
tov Ia)/5/yX 
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33 tov r ' A S/xetV 
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tov Ecrpcov 
tov <l>ap€s 
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34 tov IaKco/5 
tov Io"aa.K 
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Ill IV RATA AOYKAN 125 



TOV 



©apa rov Aa/xcx 

rov Na^wp 37 tov MaOovaaXd 

35 tov 2cpov^ rov Eva)^ 
tov Payav tov Iaper 
tov 3>d\eK tov MaXeXe^A 
tov *E/2ep tov Katvd/x 
tov SaAa 38 tov Ei/ws 

36 tov Katj/a/x tov 2^ 
tov \Ap<£afaS tov 'ASa/x 

TOV 2?7/X TOV #€OV. 

tov Nwe 

1 I770-OV9 Se 7rXr/p^s 7rvevp,aTOs aytov VTrearTptij/ev a7ro ^>- 
tov I op SdVov, Kat rjyeTO lv tw TrvevfxaTL iv ttj iptfjjuo 

2 rjfxepas TCcrcrepaKovTa 7reipa£o'/x€i/os v7ro tov Sta/3dAov. 
Kat ov/c tcfraytv ovSev eV Tats ryttepats eKctVat?, Kat crvi/- 

3 TcAeo-^eiow avTwv cVetVacrei'. ct7T€V Se avra) d Sta- 
/?oAos Et vtds et tov #eov, et7re to) At'0a> tovto) tra 

4 yivrjTai apTos. Kat aTrtKpiOr] 7rpos avrov o I^crovs Te- 
ypa7rrat OTt OyK 6H ApTCO MONO) ZHC6TAI 6 AN0p<jO~ 

5 TTOC. Kat aVayayaW avVoV e§et£ev avTa> TraVas Tas 

6 /2ao-tAetas t^s olKovjxevrjs eV o-Tty/xirJ ypovov Kat et7rev 
avTw o' Sta/2oAos Sot Scocra) ti}i/ i£ovcriav tolvttjv airacrav 
Kat T771/ Sdfai/ avrwv, 6Vt e/xot 7rapaSe'SoTat Kat a> ai/ 0e'Aa) 

7 Stoco/xt avTTjv crv ovy cay 7rpoo'Kvvy]o"rjs hru>Tziov extov, 

8 eorat o~ov 7rdo~a. Kat airoKptOels r o 'Irjaovs et7rei/ avra> auraJ eurei/ [6] 
Teypa-n-Tat KypioN ton 6eoN coy npocKyNHceic 

9 KAI AyTO) MONCO AATpeyceiC. "Hyayev Se avVoV ets 
'IepovcraA^p, Kat eoT^crei/ €7rt to TTTtpvyiov tov tepov, Kat 
et7rei> [avTw] Et vtds et tov deov, /2dAe o-eavrdv IvtzvQuv 

10 KaYar yiypaTTTCLL yap otl TO?C An~eA0IC AyTOy eNTC- 

11 AeiTAi nepi coy Toy Aia<})yAaIai ce, Kat otl em \e\p6dt4 
ApofciN ce mh noTe npocKoyHc npdc AiGon ton ttoAa 

12 coy. Kat aVoKptfleis et7rei> avYa> d 'I770-OVS drt Etp^Tac 

9 



126 RATA AOYKAN IV 

OyK eKTTGipACeiC KypiON TON GeON COY. Kal (TWT€' 13 
Xiaas Travra Trupao'p.ov 6 SiajSoAos ojricrry] oV avrov 

G^pt KdlpOV. 

Kal v7ricrTp€{l/€V 6 'Irjaovs iv Trj Svvdfjiet tov irvevfxaTOS 14 
€19 T>yT/ TaXtAatav. Kal (f>rjfxrj i£rjX6ev Ka6* oXrjs Trjs Trept- 
)(wpov Trepi avrov. koI olvtos iSiSacrK€V iv reus crwaya)- 15 
yats olvtwv, So^a^ofievos vtto ttclvtiov. 
ai/aTe0pa/AMcVo? Kal rjXOev els Na£apa, ov rjv r T€0pajjifxivos~', kcu elorrjX- 16 

6ev Kara to elwOos avTco iv Trj rjfxipa twv o-afifiaTOiv 
els r^y crwaycoy?^, Kal aveaTrj avayvwvai. Kal €7reS66rj 17 
ai;ra> j3l/3Xlov tov Trpo<])r)TOV HcraLOv, koll avoi£as to /3l- 
(3Xlov evpev [tov] tottov ov rjv yeypafi/xevov 

TTngyma Kypioy en 3 eMe, 18 

of €i'n€K€N e'xpiceN Me eyAn~eAicAC0Ai tttoo)(o?c, 
AnecTAAi<eN Me KHpylAi aixmaAcotoic <\(J)eciN kai 

Tyc{)Ao?c ANABAe'f in, 
vAnocTeTAAi TeGpAycMeNoyc eN A(j)e'cei, 

KHpylAi eNiAyTON Kypioy AeKTON. i 9 

Kal TTTV^dS TO J3l[3XlOV a7ToSoi5s T(3 V7TYJpiTYJ h<d9iCT€V % KCU 20 

TrdvTUiV ol o<£0aA/xol iv Trj avvayojyfj rjcrav aTevc^ovTes 
avTiti. rjp^aTO he Xeyeiv 7rpos aurous on ^fiepov ire- 21 
irXriptOTai rj ypatfrrj avTrj iv tols ojcIv vjxwi'. Kal iravTes 22 
ifxapTvpovv avT(3 Kal iOavfia^ov €7rl rots Xoyots r^s X<*~ 

pLTOS TOt? €K7rOpeVOfJLCVOLS €K TOV CTTOfiaTOS a^TOUj Kat 

cXeyov Qv)(L vlos io~Ttv 'Icdctt}^) outos; Kal etTrei/ Trpos 23 
a^rous UdvTus ipetTe /xct tt}v 7rapa(3oXrjv tolvtyjv 'Ia- 
Tpc, Oepdirewov oreavrov ocra rjKovcrajJiev yevofxeva els 
rrjv Ka<£apvaou/x ttoltjo-ov kolI wSe iv Trj TrarptSt crov. 
eT7T€i/ Se Afxrjv Xeym vfjuv t/rt cvSels 7rpo<prjTY]s Szktos 24 
eartv eV Trj TraTptSi olvtcv. iir dXrjOeLas Se Aeya) i5/Atv, 25 
TroAAal XVP ai V°~ av * v TCL ^ ^/^epats 'HXclov iv rco 'Io-pa^A, 
67n ore ii<Xeio-6r} 6 ovpavos T eT77 rpta Kal fxrjvas e^, wg eyevcro 

At/xos /xeyas €7rl 7raow ttJj/ y^r, Kal 7rpos ovSe/uW ai;ru;v 26 



IV RATA AOYKAN 1 27 

eirepi^Or} 'HAetas €t firj SIC 2!Ap6HTA THC ZlAOONIAC TTpoC 
27 TYNA?KA )(Hp<\N. kcu 7roX\ol Xeirpol rjcrav ev t<3 'Icrpa7)\ 

eVl 'EAicratou rov 7rpocf>7]TOV, kcu ouSels aiVwv eKa6apio~6r) 
2 £ el fMrj Nat/xdv o Hypos. kcu C7r\yjcr8r]crav 7rdVres Gvpov 

29 eV ttJ o-waycoyr} ciKovovres ravra, Kal avaoraVTes e^efiaXov 
avrov e£a) rrjs ttoXcoj?, Kal rjyayov avrov ea><? o<j>pvos tov 

OpOVS l<j> GV T] TToXiS WKo66/JL7)TO GLVTUJV, 0)(JT€ KCLTO-KpT]- 

30 \xvio~ai avrov avros 8s SteA#ajv Sta Liecrov avrwv eVo- 
pevero. 

31 Kal KarrjX6ev el% KacfaapvaovjJL itoXlv rrj<; YaXiXataq. 

32 Kat 77V StSacrKwr airovs eV rots adjSfiacnv kcu e^eTrXrjcr- 
ctovto eVl rrj StSa^yJ avrov, on ev e^ovcna rjv o Xoyos 

33 avrov. Kal Iv rfj crvvayoyrj rjv av6pa)7ros e)(tov irvevLia 

34 SaifJLoviov aKaOctprov, Kal aveKpa^ev cfawvf} fxeydXrj "Raj ri 
rjLiiv Kal croc, ^Irjaov "Na^aprjve; rjXOes aVoAe'crat rjLias; 

35 otSa ere rts et, 6 aytos rov deov. Kal eirertLirjcrev avr<2 
6 'Irjaovs Xey(x)V ^tjJiwdrjTL Kal e^eXOe air avrov. koX 
pLij/av avrov to SaiLLoviov eh to Liecrov e^r)X8ev air avrov 

36 LirjSev (3Xd\j/av avroV. Kal eyevero 6afi/3oq C7rt 7raVra9, 
Kal avveXdXovv 7rpos dXXrjXovs Xeyovres Tts 6 Xoyos ov- 
tos on ev e^ovcria Kal SvvopLei e7rtracro~et rots aKaOdprois 

27 rrvevLLacriv, Kal efep^ovrat; Kat i$€7rop€vero fyos ^pl 

38 avrov ets rravra roirov rrjs irzpiywpov. Ava- 
o~ras he a?ro rrjq crvvaywyrjs elcrrjXOev ets rrjv oiKiav 2t/xa)- 
vos. rrevdepd §e rov 2t/xcovos rjv crvveypLievr] irvperw /xe- 

39 yaAco, Kal inpojrrjcrav avrov 7repl avrrjs. Kal eVto-Tas eVaVco 
avrrjs eTreriLirjcrev to) 7rupera>, Kal dcfirJKev avrrjv 7rapa- 

40 xprjfJLa Se avacrracra 8lt]k6v€l avrots. Avvov- 

ros Se rov tjXlov r a7ravres n ocrot eT^ov dcrOevovvras voctols ttcvtcs 

TroiKiXais rjyayov avrovs 7rpo9 avrov 6 Se evl eKacrro) 

41 avr(2v ra? ^etpa? e7rtrt^e(? r e0epd7revev n avrovs. r e^7]pye- e^paTrevaej/je^yp- 
to oe Kat oatfiovta arro 7toaaojv, KpaQovra Kat Aeyovra on 

S^ et o e vtos tov Oeov' Kal emripLutv ovk eta avra Aa- 



RATA AOYKAN 



IV V 



evayyeAtVacrtfat 

del /j.e 



-\Ta\iXaCas\- 



Xetv, on rjSeicrav toV ypiarov clvtov etvai, Te~ 42 

vopLevrjs $e yfxepas e£eX6wv eiropevdrj els eprjfxov tottov 

KOL OL OvXoi €7T€t,7]TOVV CLVTOV, KCU TjXOoV £0)9 O.VTOV, KdL 

Karetvov clvtov tov jxtj iropevecrOaL a7r av7W. o 06 43 
elirev irpos clvtovs on Kat rats crepats 7roX€<xti> r €vay- 
yeXio-aaOat Lie 8et n r>}v /3ao-tXet'av tov 0€ou, on eVt tovto 
aTre<TTo\r}V. Kat 77V KYjpvcrcroiV els rds avvaywyds rrjs 44 
r IouSatas" 1 . 



aKOV€LV TOV 



'EyeVero Se eV t<3 tov oyXov cVtKeto-^at avTco kcll i 
Xoyov tov 6eov kol avTos rjv Icttcds irapa ttjv 
SvoTr\oiapta Xlllvtjv TevvrjcrapiT, kol eTSev r 7rXota Suo n eo-Twra Trapa 2 
eTrkuvav Trjv Xlllvtjv, ol 8e aXects aV avrcoi' aVo/JdVres '"cttXwoi'" 1 

Ta SiKTva. efifids 8e cts cV rwv ttXoloiv, o tjv 2t/xcovos, 3 
TjpwTrjo-tv avTov aVo T17S y^s eVavayayety oXcyov, KaOicras 
Se ck tou 7rXotov iStSacTKev tovs o^Xovs* <Js Se eVaucraTO 4 
XolXujv, elirev 7rpos tov 2t/xcova JZiravdyaye els to /3a6os 
/cat ^aXacrare ra Slktvcl vllwv els dypav. kcll airoKpiOels 5 
^ijxcov el-jrev 'E^to-Tara, St' 0X775 vvktos KOTTLacravTes 
ouSei/ eXafiofxev, eirl Se tw pijiiaTt crov ^aXdcra) ret StKrva. 
Kat totjto TrotT^cravreg crweKXeto~av 7rXrj9os l)(6va)v ttoXv, 6 
Zteprjo-creTo Se ra Slktvol avTtov. kol KOLTevevcrav toIs 7 
(xeTo^ois cv T(3 crepco 7rXotco tox) eX0oVras crvXXaj3ecr6ai 
avTo'ts' kol rjXOav, kcll eirX-qcrav a/zc£oTepa tgl irXola 
ware PvOi^ecrOai clvtol. tSajv Se ^lllwv Ilerpos irpocre- 8 
Trccrcv rots yomo-tv 'I^crcO Xeywv "EfcX^e aV ejjLOv, otl 
avyp afJLapTO)Xos elfju, Kvpte' 6dfx(3os yap ireptea^ev avTov 9 
§ /cat. 7ravras toi)s crvv arT(3 €7rt tt} aypa twi/ t^^rwv r cijv n 

^4^. G-vveXo.j3ov, 6fJLOLG)s 8c Kat 'IaKco^ov Kat 'IgooV^i' -utovs 10 

Zej3eScLL0V, ol rjo~av kolvwvol tw 2t/A0)vt. Kat cittcv 7rpos rof 
St/xcai/a 'It^ctcvs Mt) <£>oj3ov' drro tov vvv dvOpwrrovs 
ecrrj foypwr. Kat KaTayayoVres ra 7rXota iwl ttjv yrjv n 
a<fievTes irdvra TjKoXovOrjcrav a-urw. 



V KATA AOYKAN 129 

12 Kal iyivero iv t<3 ctvai avrov iv /ua t&v 7roAean> Kal 

ISov dvrjp 7t\rjprjs XeVpas* ISwv 8e toV 'It^ctow Treow iirl 
Trpocrwrrov iSeijOrj avrov Xiyiov Kupie, idv OiXrjs Svvacrat 

23 /xe Ka9apio~ai. kolI eKTeivas 7771/ X^ipa y4 faTO a ^ T °^ Ae- 
yaw 0eXa), KaOapicrOrjrr Kal ev6£a>s tj AeVpa diTrjXOtv 

14 aV' aiVcu. kcu avro? 7raprjyyeiXcv avr<D p/r/Serl ci7mv, 

ttAXd d7T€A#C0V AeilON CTCaVToV TO) lepSI, Kat 7TpO(T€V€yK€ 

7T€pL TOV Ka8apt(TfJLOV (TOV Ka0COS TTpOCrira^V M.WVO"f]S r €t<J HiVaeU/xapTvpi 
/ 9 /» n « '/ p.v av \ e \ ' v ?1 v/jup to v to r 

15 fxapTvptov clvtols . oirjp^To oe /xaAAov o Aoyos 7repi 
avTou, Kal <jvvqpypvTO oyXoi ttoWql aKoveiv kolI Oepaireve- 

16 crOai ouro rcov dcrOeveLtuv avrtov avros Se rjv V7ro)((i)pojv iv 
rats iprifJLOLs Kal Trpocrevyppzvos. 

17 Kal iyevero iv pua tcoi/ rjpLep&v Kal avTos ^v StSdcrKcov, 
Kal ^crav KaOrjpLtvoi ^aptcraiot Kal i/o/xoSiSdcrKaAot ot rjcrav 
iX'r)Xv8oT€<s ck 7rdcrr]s Kwp,r]<; rfjs TaXtXatas Kal 'IovSatas 
Kal 'lepovcraAT^u.' Kal Swa/xis Kupiov tjv els to IdcrOai 

18 avroV. Kal iSov avSpes cf>epovT€S cttI kXlvtjs av6p(07rov 09 
r\v 7rapaXeXv]ji€VOSy Kal i&jrovv avrov elcreveyKtlv Kal 

19 OeLvat [olvtov\ ivivTrtov avrov. Kal fxrj evpovres 7roia9 
cicrei/eyKcocni' avToV Sid toV b)(Xov dva/3dvrcs C7rl to Sco/xa 
Sid tw]/ Kcpd/xcov KaOrJKav avrov avv tw kAiviSio) eis to 

20 fxio-ov €jJL7Tpoa0€V rov '1'rjcrov. Kal tSoji/ rrjv rrivriv avrtov 

21 €i7T€i/ AvOponre, acjiiojvrat croi al a/xapTiai crov. Kal 
rjp^avro SiaAoyi£ccr#ai 01 ypa/x/xaT€is Kal ol Qapicr atoi 
Xeyoi/Tcs Tis icrriv ovros 05 AaAei f3Xaa(pr]jJiLaq ; ris 

22 SwaTat d/xapTLas dtfrtivac el fir} piovos 6 6eos ; iiriyvovs Se 
o I^crovs tous hiaXoyio-piovs avr(Zv aTroKpiOeLs tTirev 7rpo? 

23 avrovs Tt SiaXoyt^caOc iv Tat? KapStats t;/xoji/ ; Tt eo-Tti/ 
£VK07roj7£pov, €t7r€ii/ Acf)£(DvraL o~oc at dpLapriac crov, tj 

24 ct7r€ry Eyetpc Kal irepnrartL ; tVa Se etS?jT€ oti o i>io? 
rov av6pd)7rov i^ovaiav e'x ct ^* ^^ 7^ acj>L€vat a/xap- 

Ttas — etTrei/ tw '^TrapaXtXvp.ivtf 1 ^ol Aeya>, lyctpe Kal s-flpaAvTi/cuJ 

25 dpas to KAtvtStoi/ crov iroptvov ets Tor oTko^ croi;. Kal 



i 3 o 



KATA AOYKAN 



V VI 



Kal ovSelg 



^euTeporrpawpf- 



7rapa^j)rjfia aVacrrds evco7rtov clvtuv, apas i<j> u /careKCtTO, 
(i7rfj\8ev ets tov olkov clvtov Sofa'^wv tov Oeov. Kat 4k- 26 
crracrts eXafizv aVavTas Kal e8d£a£ov toi/ #€ov, Kal IttXt]' 
(r6r)crav cf>6f3ov XiyovTes otl Et'Sa/xcv 7rapdSofa cnj/xcpov. 

Kat /xera rai5ra i£r)X8ev Kal c^cacraro tcXwi/^v oyo- 27 
/xaTt Aevetv KaOy/xevov hrl to TeXcuvtov, kolL elVcv olvtm 
'AkoXovOcl /xot. Kal KaTaAt7ro5v 7ravra avaaTas t/ko- 28 
Xou#et avTio. Kat eVot^crcv So^v /xeydX^v Aeuets aurw 29 
ei/ ttJ ct/aa airnnr Kat ??v o^Xos 7roXvs tcXcovgjv Kat 
aXXwv ot rjcrav jjl€T r avTwv 1 KaTaKet/xevot. Kat €ydyyu£ov 30 
ot <I>aptcratot Kat ot ypa/x/xaT€ts avrwv 7rpos tol-s fJLaOrjTois 
avrov Xeyovres Atd rt /xera twv tcXcovgjv Kat a/xapro)- 

XlOV £<t9Ut€ Kat 7TLVCTC J Kat d7TQKpt#€tS [o] 'l^O-o{)s €t7T€V 31 

Trpos arrows Oi; ^petav e^ovcriv ot vytatvovTC? larpov 
dXXd ot KaKws e^ovres* ouk cX^Xv^a KaXicrai Slkcllovs 32 
d/\/\d dfJiapT(x)Xovs cts /xcTaVotav. Ot Se enrav 7rpds av- 33 
tov Ot /xaOrjTal 'luidvov vrjcrTtvovcriv ttvkvcl Kat Se^o-ets 
7rotoiWat, d/xotcos Kat ot tow <I>aptcratW, ot Se o"oi icrdiov- l 
(tlv Kat irivovcriv* 6 oe 'I^cro^s et7T€V 7rpos avTou? M?y 34 
owao"#e rous movs tov vu/x<£wvos cv a> o* vv[X(J>lo<s fJLCT av- 
T(d)v IcttIv iroirjcrai vrjcrTevaat ; eXcixrovrat Se ?7/xepat, Kat 35 
oraj/ d-irapOfj aV aijiw o vr/x<£tos to'tc vrjcrTevo-ovcnv kv 
CKetVats Tats ^/xepats. "EXeyev 8e Kat irapafioXrjv irpos 36 
avTous ort OuSets €7rt/3X?7/xa diro t/xartou Katvov or^tVas 
eVt/JdXXet eVt IfidTiov iraXaiov €t 8e /x??ye, Kat to Katvdv 
cr^tVet Kat to> 7raXata> oi; arvfMfxDvrjo-eL to iirlfiXrjfia to 
aVo tov Katvoi). Kat ouSets fidXXci otvov veov €ts aovcovs 37 
TraXatovs* et 8e /x?fye, p^€t d otvog o veos tovs ao"Kovs, 
Kat avros €K)(yd'/]aeraL Kat ot ao"Kot a7roXoi)vTaf dXXct ot- 3S 
vor veov ets do"Kovs Katvoi;s fiXrjTtov. [ r OvSets n 7rtojv 39 
TraXatov 6eXct veov Xe'yet yap 'O 7raXatds XPW T °S ccrrtv.] 

'Eye^eTO 8e ev cra/3/3dT(D T 8ia7rop€v€0~6at avTov 8td 1 
o-7ropt/x(DV, Kat eVtXXov ot /xa^Tat aiTov Kat rjo-Otov T0V5 



VI RATA AOYKAN 131 

2 crrot^as i^cr^ovTes Tats ^pcrtv, Tt^es Se twv <E>aptcratW 

3 eT^ai/ Tt TrotetYe 6 ouk e^orriv Tots o-d/3j3ao'Lv ; /cat 
aVoKpt^els 7rpds avrovs cTttcv [o] I^ctot)? OvSe tovto 
aVeyi/arre o €7roLr)crcv AarelS ore iiretvaaev olvtos koll ol 

4 jLier' auToi) ; [a5s] elarjXOtv ets toV oTkov tot; #eo{) Kal 
Toyc ApToyc thc npoGeceooc Xafiuv ccf>ayev Kal eSwKei/ 
rot? [act civtov, ous ovk e£ecrTtv <£ayeti/ et /x^ /xoVous tous 

5 tepets ; koX eXeyev auVcts Kuptds icrrtv r rov cra/3j3dTov Ap. \ 6 vib? tow 

e m « » /j / n 9T7 / s>v , < r aVflpcoirow icai tow 

6 o utos toi; avupii)7rov . Jiiye^ero oe ey eTepa> capparov 
€raj3/3drco eioeX^eti/ olvtov ets r^y a-waya/y^i/ Kal StSacKetv 

Kal tjv av6pix)7ros eVet Kal 77 X €i P Q-vtov V Se£ta tfv £rjpd* 

7 7rap€T7]povvTO Se aiVoV ol ypa/x/xaTets Kal ot <I>aptcratot et 

eV to) 0-aj3f3dTQ) r 6€pa7r€V€L , tVa eupwo-tv KarrjyoptLV avTOV. 0epairev>€t 

8 aurds Se i^Set tot)§ StaXoytoyxous outcuV, et^ei/ Se tw aVSpl 
to) £r]pdv e^ovTt ttjv X € ^P a "Eyetpe Kal arrjOi ets to 

9 /xecrov Kal avaoras Icnr]. €ltt€v Se [d] 'I^crous Trpds 
auTOus E7T€pwT(3 i//xas, et e^eoTTLV tw cra/5/^arct) aya6o- 

10 iroifjvai ?; KaKOTroirjcrai, \pvyfjv crwcrat ^ aVoXe'crat ; Kal 
TrepifiXexlfafxevos 7rdvras avrovs tLirev ai;ra5 *EKTetvoi> ttJi/ 
X € ^P a o~ov 6 Se £7roLr)or€V, kol d7T€KaT€0~Td6rj tj X ei P a ^~ 

11 tou. AutoI Se i7rXyja9rjcrav aVotas, Kal SteXaXouv 7rpds 
aXXrjXovs tl av Troirjo-aLtv tw 'I^crou. 

12 'EyeVeTO Se eV Tats ?//Aepats Taurats e£eX#eti/ aurdi> ets 
to opos 7r pocr ev^acr 6 at, koX tjv 8iavvKT€pevu>v Iv rrj Trpoo~- 

13 cu^tJ tou #eou. Kal ot€ eyeveTO ^/xepa, 7rpocre(f>(jjvrjo'ev 
rovs fiaOrjrds clvtov, kol eKAefa/xei/os a7r' auTwi/ SojSeKa, 

14 ovs Kat (nrocrToXovs wvofxacrev, 2t/xa)i/a bv Kat wvo/xacrei/ 
IleTpoi/ Kal 'AvSpeav tov aSeXc^d^ auTOu Kal 'IaKto/^oi' Kal 

15 'Ioxii/^i/ Kal <£tAt7T7rov Kal Bap^oXo/xatov Kal Ma^^atoi/ 
Kat ®a)/xdV [Kat] 'laKco/Sov 'AX</>atou Kat 2t/xa>va toV KaXou- 

16 p.€vov Zt]Xq)T7]V Kal 'IouSav 'IaKw^ou Kal 'IouSav 'IaKaptw^ 

17 6s eyeVeTO TrpoSoT^s, ^'al KaTa/?ds /xct' aurwy ecrTTy e7rl 



132 RATA AOYKAN VI 

TOTTOV 7T€&LVOV, KCU 0)(\oS 7ToXl>S fJLdOrjTlDV OLVTOV, KCLl TtXtJOo? 

Ap. ttoXv tov Xaov (xtto iracrrjs ttJs 'louScuas Kat 'lepovcraXrjfJL 

kcll rrjs irapaXiov Tvpov koll 2t8c5Vo5, ot rjX6av aKOvcrat 
avTOV koll laOrjvaL awo tcov vocrcoi/ airrcoV* kcll ol ivo^Xov- 18 
fievoL a,7ro TrveviiaTOiV aKa9apTU)V l9epa7revovT0 9 kcll ttcls o 19 
o^A-os itflTovv a7TT€cr8aL avrov, otl Swa/us 7rap' avrov 
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/JLLcrOos vfxojv 7roXvs £v rep ovpavctr Kara ra glvtcl yap 
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VI KATA AOYKAN 



133 



€i ayci7raT€ tovs aya7rw^Tas u/xas, 7rota vpiv x a P^ cortV ; 
/cat yap ol a/xapToAot TOt>9 aya7rojvras olvtovs dyaTrwaw. 

33 /cat [yap] eaV ay a6 otto ltJtz tovs ayaOoTroiovvTas up.ag ? 
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34 /cat eaV SavLcrrjre Trap' <hv cA.7rt£eT€ Xa/Jety, iroia vplv XP-P 1 ^ 
[ecrrtV] ; Kat a/xapTcoXot a/xapTwXots SavL^ovartv Iva diroXa- 

35 (Sqxtlv ra tcra. 7rX?7i/ aya,raT€ tovs i)(6povq vjxQv /cat 
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36 XP 7 ] " 1 " ^ *o~ TLl/ ^l rovs a^ap terrors Kat 7rovrjpov<;. ItW- 

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38 St6oT€, Kat SoOtjcrerat vp.lv fxirpov KaXdv TTtTru<jp.ivGV 

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39 u/uv. Et7rc]/ 8e Kat TrapafioXrjv avrols Mijn 
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42 KaTavcet? ; 7Tcjs SuVaoxu Xe'yetv tw aSeXc/xp crou 'ASeXc/>e, 
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cv T(3 cc/>#aX/x(2 (rov Soko^ ol> /3X€7tu>v ; viroKpiTa, ?K/2aXe 
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43 j3aXeiv. Ov yap toniv SivSpov KaXoV Trotou^ Kapirov 
craTrpov, ovhl irdXiv SivSpov cra7rpdv ttolovv Kapirov koXov. 

44 ?KacrTOV yap SivBpov €K tov tSt'ou Kapirov ytvojo"K€raf ov 
yap ef aKav^cGv o-uXXeyouo-tv o"UKa, ovSc ck fidrov o-Tac/>u- 

45 Xt;v Tpuyajcrtv. d aya^o? av^po)7ros €K tou aya^ou Orjcrav- 
pov rrjs KapStas 7rpo(j>ipct to ayaOov, Kat d Trovqpos ck tow 



134 KATA AOYKAN VI VII 

irovqpov 7rpo<f)£peL to rrovrjpov ck yap 7repto-creujU,aT05 
KapSt'as XaXel to oro/xa avrov. Ti oe fie KaXelrc Ku- 46 
6 pt€ Kvpic, koll ov 7rotetT€ r a~ 1 Aeyoo ; 7ras o ip^ofievos 7rpos 47 

/xe Kat aKOuan' /xov twv Xoycov koll ttolujv avrovs, V7ro$e(£<o 

VfJLLV TLVL lo~TLV OfJLOLOS' O/XOIOS IdTLV dv6pu>7T<x) oll<oSojUiOVVTL 48 

oIklolv os Zo-Kaxj/ev kclI i/Sddvvev koll eOrjKev OejuiXiov £ttI 
tyjv rrirpav Tr\rnxjivpr]<z Se y€vojj.ivr]<z 7rpocrep^fei/ o Trora- 
/xos tt} oiKi'a £k€lvy], koll ovk lo-yycrtv craXtvcraL avrrjv Sta 

TO KttAwS olKo8ofJLrjo-6aL aVTTjV. O Sc OLKOVCTa^ Kol fXT) 49 

7rot?;cras o/xotos coriv aV#pto7ra> oiKoSo/x^cravTi olklolv irrl 
rrjv yrjv xwpis 0€fxeXLOV, rj Trpocriprj^ev 6 7roTa/xos, Kat 
€u0i>s crw€7T€CF€j>, koll iyevcro to prjyjxa rrjs oiKiag cKetV^s 
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a^rou ets Tas aKoas tox; Xaov, elcrfjXQev eis Kac^apmov/x. 

e EKOLTOVTOLp)(OV Si TLVOS SovXoS KOLI«j)$ €^C0V TJfJLtXXtV 2 

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a7recrT€tXcv 7rpos ovtov Trpecrfivrepovs tcov IovSaiW, epca- 
T(2v avrov 07ra)5 iX6(x)V Siaadarj tov SovXov avrov. ol Se 4 
Trapayevo/JLCVOL irpos tov Irjcrovv rrapcKaXovv avrov cnrov- 
Saiws Xiyovres otl afios iorw w irapi^rj tovto, dyaira 5 
yap to Wvos rjjJL(j)V Kal t^v avvayooyrjv ai5ros <okoS6jjl7]ct€v 
rjiiLV. 6 h\ 'Irjaovs i-iropcvcTO avv avTots. 77877 Se avrot; 6 
ov fiaKpav a7ri^ovTO<s aVo ttJs oua'a? eirejuLif/ev <J)lXovs 6 
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h<avos ei/u T^a i;7ro Trjv ariyrp fxov elo-iXOrjs* Slo ovSe 7 
ifjLavrov y£C<i)o-a 7rpos o~e 1X6 dv dXXd elwk Xoyco, Kal 
laOrjTOi 6 7rats fiov Kal yap eyw dvOpcoiros djxL V7r6 i£ov- s 
ciav Tacro-o/x€T/o?, I^wi/ vtt Ijxavrov crrpaTtwras, Kal Xeyay 
70VT(i> ILopev9r]TL, Kal 7ropevcTaL, /cat dXXa> *Ep)(ov, Kal 

€p\€TaL y Kal T<3 8ovX(jO fJLOV U0L7]0-0V TOVTO, Kal 7T04€t. 

aKO^tras 8e Ta£ra o It;o-ot}s iOavfiao-cv avrov, Kal o~rpa- 9 
^>et? tw aKoAov#owTi avTo) o\Xo) eiTrtv Aeya> vjxlv, ovo€ 
ev tw 'Io-pa?}A TGO-avrrjv ttlcttlv evpov. Kal VTroo-rpiil/av- 10 






YII KATA AOYKAN I35 

T€S CIS TOV OLKOV ol 7r€fJL<j>6eVTeS €VpOV TOV SovXoV VyLOLL- 

ai eyevero ev no tgrjs eiropevur] ets 17/ 

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12 rat avVov /cat o^Aos ttoXvs. a$s 8e rjyyicrev rrj irvXrj rfjs 
TroXccog, /cat tSov efc/co/xiT^ro re0vr]KOJs piovoyevrjs vlos rrj 
firjrpl avTGv, kolL avrrj rjv XVP a > KCLi °X^ 0S T V$ ttoXccds 

13 Ikclvos rjv crvv avrrj. Kai iSwv avrrjv o Kvptos io-irXay- 

14 yyiaQy] iir avrrj Kai elirev avrrj M.rj /<Xau. /cat 7rpoo"cA,- 
0(jjv rjij/aTO rrjs cropov, ol 8e /3aara£ovT€s ecrr^cray, Kat 

15 eT7T€V Neavto~/c€ T , crol A.€ya), iyipOrjru Kai r dv€Ka6icr€v 1 -\veavC<TKe\-\ittd- 
o veKpos Kai rjpgaro AaAeu/, Kai ebajKev avrov rrj fxrjrpt 

16 avrov. *EAa/3ei/ SI cfx>/3os r 7raVras n , Kai eSdfa£ov roV anavTas 
#€oV XeyovT€$ on Hpocfrrjrrjs /xeyas rjyepOr} iv rjplv, Kai 

17 otl 'E7T€a"Kei^aT0 o 0eds toV AaoV avrov. Kai i£rjX9ev 6 
Xoyos ovros iv oXrf rrj 'IovSaia rrtpl avrov Kai Trdcrrj rrj 
7rcpi^u)pio. 

18 Kai aTrrjyyziXav 'IwaVet ol jxaOrjral avrov Trepl iravroiv 

19 rovriov. Kai TTpoGKaXeadiievos hvo nvds rutv pLaOrjrQv 
avrov 6 'IwaV^s eTrefxij/ev Trpos roV Kvpiov Xeyuiv 2v et o 

20 ep^o/xevos ?; erepov 7rpocrSoK(3/xey; Trapayevofxevot Se. 7rpds 
avrov ol dvSpes €i7rav IcdoV^s d /3aTTTLcrrr]s aTreo~reiXev 

77/Aas 7rpds o-e Xeywv %v el 6 ep^d/xcvos rj r dXXov~' TrpooSo- erepov 

21 Kw/xcr; ev iKZLvrj rrj (Spa iOepdrrevo'ev ttoXXovs diro voorwv 
Kai /xacrrtycov /cat Trvevfiarwv irovqpuiV, Kai rvc/>Xots 7roX- 

22 A.06? i)(apLG~aro (SXiTrew. Kai aTroKpidels etirev avro'is Ho- 
ptvOevTts dirayyetXare Iwavec a ctSerc Kat ^Kovo-are' 
TY^^ 01 ANABAeTTOYCIN, ^coXol rrepnrarovo-iv, Xzirpol KaOa- 
pit,ovrai koX kwc/>oi aKOvovo"tv, veKpol iyecpovrat, TTTOO)(01 

23 €Y&[T€AlZONTAr ko-I /xaKaptds ecrrti/ os idv jmr} aKavfta- 

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lutavov rjp^aro Xiyeiv 7rpos rovs o^Xovs Trepl 'IwaVou Tt 
l^rjXOare ct? rrjv eprjfjiov OedaaaOai: KaXafxov vtto dvi/xov 

25 caXevofxevov ; dXXd ri i$rjXdare tSetvj dvdpwov iv ^taAa- 



136 KATA AOYKAN VII 

Kots i/xartots Tq/AcfaucrfAivov; iSov ot iv i/xartcr/xw cvSdfa) Kai 
Tpv<f>rj V7rdp)(ovT€<s iv rots /?acrtXetots etcrtV. aXXa tL 26 
i^7]\8aT€ ISeiv ; 7rpo(f>7]T7]v ; i/a£ Xe'yca r/xu/, /cat 7T€pto-o"OT€- 

pOV 7rpOCJ>7]TOV. OVTOS icTIV 7T€pt ov ycypaTrrat 27 

'lAoy attoctcAAoo ton AfreAoN Moy npo npocoanoy 

coy, 

OC KATACK6YAC6I THN oAON COY eMTTpOC0€N COy. 
Xeya) vjjllv, p,ct£an/ iv yevvrjTols yvvatKwv *I<odvov ovSelq 28 
txjTiv 6 he LiiKpoTtpos iv rfj /?a<rtXcta tov 6eov fiet&ov 
clvtov i<JTLV. — Kat 7ra? d Xads aKOucras koll ol rcXan/at 29 
iStKatwcrav ror #€oy, j3a7TTL<j6£vT€s to /?a7nrtcr/xa 'IwdVoir 
ot Se <PapMTcuoi Kat ol volllkol rrjv fiovXrjv tov 6eov rjOi- 30 
rrjaav ets eairrous, p.77 j3a7rTL0~6€VTc<z vir olvtov. — TtVt ow 31 
d/AOtaxxto tovs aj/#pa)7roi;s ttJs yci/ea<? raur^s, Kat TtVt etcrti/ 
ofJLOLot; o/xoLot zlcriv 7ratStots Tots ei/ ayopa KaOrjfxevois /cat 32 
7rpocrc/>au>oi/cra/ aXXtjXois, a Xeyet 

H^X^'crajaev up.ti> Kat ct;k (Lpyrfcrao'Oz' 
iOprjvtfcrafjLtv Kat ovk iKXavcraTC 
iXrjXv9ev yap lwavrjs o /SaTrTio-rrjs lltj ecrOaiv aprov LL7]T€ 33 
TTivisiV otvoVy Kat Xeycre Aatjaovtov *X €r cXryXv#€i/ 6 vlos 34 
tou dvOptoirov tcrOiDV Kat 77lvo)V, Kat Xeyerc 'lSoi> dvOpo)- 
7ros c/>ayos Kat oti/07roT?75, <f>iXos TtXwvwv Kat a/xaprooXaV. 

1W TCKVUV aVTfjs KOLL iSiKaKjiOrj ^ 0"0<£t'a CL7TO TTOLVTWV TiOV T€KV(i)V OLVTrjs . 35 

TaVrcov , / - , ,, „ ' * JL ' » » 

Hparra 0€ Tts auToy rcui/ <Paptcrata)V tva <payr} list av- 36 
tov* Kat elaeXOoiV ct? to^ olkov tov ^aptaatov KaTCKXt- 
#77. Kat ISov yvvrj tjtls rjv iv Trj TrdXct a/xaprwXds, Kat 37 
c7rtyi/oi;cra ort KaraKctrat ei/ tit} otKta roG ^aptcratou, kolll- 
cracra dXdfiacrTpov fxvpov Kat crrao-a oiricrta irapd tovs 38 
7roSas ai;ro{} KXatovaa, rot? SaKpvcnv yjp£aTO f3pi)(a.v tovs 
7rdSas avrov Kat rats 6pt£lv T^5 K€<fcaXrjs olvttJs efe/xao*- 
o-cr, Kat Karcc^t'Xct rous 7rdSas aijrou Kat rjXtifav tw 
ju,vpa>. 'ISojv Se d ^aptcrato? d KaXe<ras avrdv cTttci/ ei/ 39 
eavrco Xeycov Ovtos et tJv [d] 7rpo(py]Trj^, eytVa)CTK€V av 



VII VIII KATA AOYKAN I37 

Tt's koll 7roTOL7rr} rj yvvrj tjtls aVTcrat avrov, otl a/xapToAo? 

40 l(TTLV. KOLL a7TOKpt0€tS O Ir/(TOVS €17T£^ 7TpOS avroV 2t- 
fJL(i)V, €)(0) (TOL TL ZLTTUV. 6 Si AtSaCTKaXe, €t7T€, <j>rjO'LV. 

41 Svo xpeoc^tXeYat ^crai/ Savior?} tivi* o els (Z^ctXev Srjvdpta 

42 7rcvTaKocrta, o Se erepos ircvTiJKovTa. fir) €>(ovt(dv olvtqjV 
a7roSovvaL a/A(£oTepois lyapicraTO. tls ovv avruv TrXetov 

43 aya7T7]<jCL avrov ; a7TOKpi0ets 2t/xa>v ct7rev e Y7roXa/x- 
/?avco on a* to 7rXetov c^aptcraro. o Se €t7rev avrw 'Op- 

44 #o3s eKpivas. Kat orpa<£eis 7rpos ttJv yuvatKa ra> St/xwyt 
€•(£77 BXeVei? ravrrjv ttjv yvvoxKa ; etcr7}X0oV crou eis tt?v 

oIklclv, vSoyp r fioL iirV 7roSas ot;k eSwKas* aurr; Se rots /uov €*ri rods 
oa.Kpv<jiv e/3p€^€V jJLov rovs 7roSas Kat rat? Opi^Lv avTrjs 

45 efe/mfev. <f)iXrjfxd p.01 ovk eScoKas* airny Se ac/)' t)s tlarjX- 

i6 6ov ov r 8t€A.t7rei/ n KaracjaXovcrd jjlov tovs 7roSas. eXaia) tt}v Sie'A.eiTrei' 

KecfxiXrjv fxov ovk ^Xcti^as* atSrr; Se /xupa> rjXeaj/ev rovs 

47 7ro8as /xov. ov X^P lv j ^y 10 °~°h d<fi£u)VTOLL at d/xaprtai av- 
tt}s at 7roXXat, on rjydT7T]<j€V ttoXv* a> Se oXiyov apteral, 

48 oXiyov ayaira. et7rev Se ai5rir} 'Ac^eWrat o~ou at a/xaprtai. 

49 Kat yjp^avTO ol awavaKet/xevoi Xeyeiv ev carrot? Tts 

50 ovros eoriv os Kat a/xaprta? a^uiaiv ; cTttcv Se 7rpos t?}i> 
yuvatKa *H 7riaTis crov aio~o)K€V ae* 7ropcvov €19 elpyjvrjv. 

1 Kat eyevero ev tw Kade^rjs kol olvtos SitoSeuev Kara 
7roXiv Kat KMjJirjv Krjpvaaoiv Kat euayyeXi^o/xevos ttJi/ j3acri- 

2 XetW toG ^cov, Kat ot ScaScKa crii/ avrw, Kat ywatKes Tt^es 
at ^crai/ rcOepa-rrevfJiivaL airo 7rv€VfJLariov irovqpwv kol 
daOevtiiov, Mapta 77 KaXovfxivr} MaySaXYjvrj, d<j> 979 8at- 

3 /xovta €7rra i^eXrjXvOei, kol 'Iwava yvi/77 Xou£a liriTpoTrov 
'HpwSou Kat 2ov<Tai/i/a Kat erepat ttoXXoll, atrtvcs Sltjko- 

4 vow aurots eK twi/ v7rap^ovTa)i/ avrats. 2wt- 
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5 vcov 7rpos a^roi/ €t7rev 8ta TrapafioXrjs 9 ~E£rjXQev o o-7rctpa>i/ 

TOU CT7TCtpat TOV (JTTOpOV (XVTOV. KOL lv T<2 0"7T€Lp€tV OLVTOV 

p,ev e7rco-€i/ 7rapa Tr)i/ dSov, Kat KaT€7raT7]87] k(xl tol tt€- 



138 KATA AOYKAN VIII 

Tetva tcv ovpavov Korec^ayev avro. kcli erepov Kareweaev 6 
eVt ttjv irerpav^ koll xj>vev e£rjpdv9r] Sta to jxrj eye.LV tK/mSa. 
/cat erepov eireaev ev /xecrw tojv (IkolvOwv, /cat, o-wc/>vetcrat 7 
at a/cav#at direirvL^av avro. koll erepov erreaev eh ttjv 8 
y^r t^v dyaOijv, Kat cjzvev eirotrjo-ev Kapirov eKarovrairXa- 
crtova. Tavra Ae'ywv ecfuovet 'O eywv (bra aKouetv a/cov- 

€TCO. 'E7T77PCOTOJV Se auToV ol fJLaOrjTCU avTov 9 

rts at>7?7 ^t?7 7] izapapoA.7]. o oe etTrev ipav beoorai 10 
yiwat ra fxvcrTijpLa rrjs /3ao"tAetas roi; #eoi;, rots Be. Aot- 
Trots eV 7rapa/?oAatg, tva BAenONTGC MH BAeTTOOCIN KAI 
AKOyONTeC MJ-i cyNICOCINL eartv Se avTr] rj 7rapa/3oXirj. *0 n 
crTropo? eoTtv o Aoyos tov 6eov. ol Se 7rapa rrjv oSov 12 
eto"tv ot (XKOvcravTes, ctra ep^erat o Sta/2oAos /cat atpet tov 
Aoyov oVo ttJs KapS/as auTuv, tva /xt} 7rtcrreij era vtcs cra)#ctj- 
TrjvneTpav (TLV, ol Se eVt r T?Js irirpas* ot oVav aKOTjcrcocrtv /xeTa yapas 13 
auTol Se'^ovTat tov Aoyov, Kat r oiJTOt n pt£av ovk eyovaLV, ot 7rpos 

icatpov TTi&Tevovo'iv Kat ev Katpw 7reLpao~fXov ac/>to~TavTat. 
to Se ets Tas aKavda? 7recrov, ovtol elcriv ol aKOvcravTes, 14 
/cat v7ro /xept/xvu>v /cat 7tAoutov Kat tJSovwv tou /3tou 7ropeuo- 
fi€voL wvirviyovTai koI ov reXecrcfropovcrLV. to Se ev rfj i$ 
KaXrj yfj, ovtol elcrLV otrtves ev KapSta KaA.7} Kat dyaOrj 
aKovaavTes tov Aoyov KareyovaLV kol Kapirocfaopovo'LV ev 
VTTOjJLOvr). OuSets Se Atjvvov ai/fag KaAwTCt 16 

avTov o~KeveL 77 v7roKaT0) KAtVris TLQ-qcnv, dXX eiri Xvyyias 
tlOyjo-lv, tva ol cto-7ropevo/xcvot fiXeTrwaLv to <£d>s. or; yap 17 
€0~Ttv KpVTTTov 6 oi; cfravepov yevr/aeTCLi, ovSe. diroKpvcj>ov o 
ov par) yvwcrOrj Kat eU <$>avep6v eXOrj. BAeVeTC ovv 7rws 18 
aKoveTe* os av yap €^77, SoOrjo-erai avrip, Kat os av {xrj e^rj, 
Kat o 8oKct eye.Lv dpOrjaeraL air avTov. 

HapeyeveTO Se 7rpos ot;tov r] fxrjrrjp Kat ot dSeX<f)ol 19 
avTov, Kat ovk ^Suvovto GWTvyeiv aurw Sta tov oyXov. 
dirriyyeXyj he avrto *H /xrjTrjp crov Kat ot dheX^oi crov 20 
ecTT^Kacrtv €^<o tSetv BeXovTes ere. o Se diroKp t0ets et7rev 21 



VIII 



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139 



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29 #eoi)] to£ viJ/lcttov ; Se'o/xat cov, /xt; /xe /Sacravtcrr]^ r 7ra- wap^YyeiAer 
pi^yyeXXei/ 1 yap t<3 Trreu/xaTt tw aKa#apTa> efeX#ctv aVd 

tou dvOpiDirov. 7roXXot5 yap xpovots crvvrjp-irdKeL avTOV, 
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30 Iprjixovs. €7r>7paiT^o-ev 8e ai?Tov o I^ovs Tt o"ot oVo/xa 
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31 €t? avTov. Kat TrapeKoXovv avrov Iva fxr} i-n-LTa^rj avroHs 

32 €ts rrjv dfivcrcrov direXOeiv. Hv 8c CK€t dyeXrj ypipwv 

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33 a^Tots. cfcX^dvTa 8e Ta Sat/xdvta a7ro tou dvOpuj-irov 
elcrrjXQov cts tot;? y(oipov<5, Kat (opfirjcrev rj dyiXrj Kara rov 



HO KATA AOYKAN VIII 

Kprjfxvov ets Tf]V XifAVYjv kcu aTrtirvLyrj. 'iSdrres 8c ol 34 
/3cctkovt€<; to yeyovos ecbvyov kcu diryyyciXav ets t-i)v 
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Kat ijXOav Trpds tov 'Iyjctovv, Kat evpav KadrjpLevov tov aV- 
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a7rr}yyeiXav Se aurots ol tSoVxes 7t<jus icruOrj 6 8aip.ovi- 36 
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orpei/'ev. eSeiro Se auTov 6 dvrjp a<j> ov i^eXrjXvOet 38 
Ta SatpoVta etvat crvv OLVTu)' aTreXvcrtv Se auVoV Xiyu>v 
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o #eds. Kat cnrfjXOev kol6 oXtjv Trjv ttoXiv Krjpvaoroiv ocra 
iTTOLrjcrev avr<2 6 Irjcrovs. 

'Ei> Se tw v7rocrTpe(f>etv tov 'Irjcrovv aTrcSe^aro 40 
avjoV d d^Aos, rjcrav ydp 7rdvTes irpoorSoKOJVTes olvtov. 
avTcs Jvat toou rjAvtv avrjp a> ovoixa laetpos, /cat outos 41 

dp^o)V Trys orwayooyrys V7rrjp^€v, Kat irecrwv irapd tovs 
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avrov ol o)(Xot crvviirviyov olvtov. Kat yvvrj ovcra 43 
iv pvVet at/xaTOS aVd iriov SajSeKa, ryrts ovk icr^ycrev 
air ovSevds QepairevOfjvai, TrpocrzXO ovcra oirtaOev rjif/aro 44 
tov Kpacr7r£8ov tov IfxaTcov avrov, Kat irapa^prjpLa 
ecrrrj ry pvVts tov atyxaros avTrjs. Kat eiirev o Irjaovs 45 
Tts d dij/dpievos pov ; dpvovjxivdiv Se iravTuv eiirev o 
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yap eyvwi/ Svj/a/xtr i^eXrjXvdvTav air ip.ov. tBovara 8e ry 47 
yui/yy OTt ovk eXaOev Tpeptovcra rjXOev Kat Trpocrire- 
crovcra avT(2 Sl yv air tav rjij/aTO avrov airrjyyeiXev ci/cd- 



VIII IX KATA AOYKAN 141 

48 ttlov 7ravros tov Xaov kol cos ladr] Trapaypfjpia. d Se 
€i7T€v avrrj ®vyarr]p, 77 ttiotis o~ov acauiKtv ere* 7ropeT;oi; 

49 €19 tlprfvrjv. *Eti avrov AaAowTog ep^erat tis 7rapa tov 
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51 crcrat. iXOwv 8e ets t^v olklolv ovk dyfcrJKtv uaeXOeiv tlvoL 

o~vv avT(2 el jxrj Hirpov kcu 'Iwdvrjv kol 'laKufiov koll tov Ap. 

52 Trarepa ttjs TratSos koll Trjv fxrjTipa. ckXcllov Se irdvTes kol 

ZKOTfTOVTO aVTTjV. 6 §€ €L7T€V M.7J kXolL€T€, OV yap a7T€- 

53 Oavev dXXd Ka^evSei. koll KaTcyiXwv olvtov, etSdrcs otl 

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56 c/)ayeti/. Kal e^eorTrjcrav ol yoveis avTrjs' 6 SI 7rapyjyy€iXev 
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vatui/ 1 koll i^ovcriav iirl irdvTa to* Saifiovia koll voaovs 

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3 XtLOLV TOV OeOV KCLL luLO~6cU, KOL €L7T€V 7TpOS OLVTOV? 

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4 kol ets rjv av oiklojv elo-eXOrjre, cku pceveTe kolL eKtWev 

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6 v/^cui/ a7roTLvdcra€Te eh fJiapTvpLov lir avTovs. 'Efcp^o- 
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7 pa7reuoj/Te? 7rayTa^ov. Hkovo~£V 8e 'HpwS^s 
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9 TtoV ap^atW dvio-Trj. tlirev Se [d] 'HpcuS?;? 'Iwdvrjv eycu 

10 



142 



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dlT€K^6Xl(Ja % TtS Se i<TTLV OVTOS TTCpt OV (IKOVO) TOLCLV- 

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n-a'iras r a7raj/7as n . Xafia>v Se rovg ttIvtc aprovs Kat toi)s Suo 16 

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crcvcrav auTOts KXacr/xarwv kocJuvol SwSeKa. 

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a^ao-Tr-vat 



IX KATA AOYKAN 143 

23 OrjvaC. "EXcyev Se Trpds rravras Et tis ^e'Xct oTrtcrco 

/xov €p^ecr9ai y r dpvr]crdiO'0oi [ kavTOV kcli aparco rov crravpov aVapnjo-aVfta 

24 avrov kolO' yjjLepav, kcll aKoXovOtLTLO jjloi. os yap aV 
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26 eavrdi/ Se aTroXecras 7/ tflfAiLoOzts ; os yap aV iTratcr^vvOrj 
fie kcll tovs ifiovq Xoyovs, tovtov o vtds tov dvOpcoirov 
hraivyyvQiqcrzTai, orav eXOrj iv rfj $6£rj avrov /cat rov 

27 Trarpos Kal tlov dytLov ayyeXcoj/. Ae'ya) Se v/xtv aA^^w?, 
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70V ecus av lSloltlv rrjv fSacnXtLav rov 6eov. Ap. 

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oktoj irapaXaf^Lov Tlerpov kol \Loavqv Kat laKLojBov dvi- *al 

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ev;(eo-#at avrov to etSos tov rrpoorLorrov avrov trepov Kal 

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31 'HXeta?, ot d<£#eVres iv $6£r) eXeyov rrjv efoSoi/ avrov r)v 

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jjiovos. Kal avrot eo'ty^crav Kat ovScvt a7rr/yy€iXo.v iv €K€t- 
rats rats 77/xcpats ovSei/ a>v iwpaKav. 



144 RATA AOYKAN IX 

^tarrjswtepctsf- 'Ey evero Se r rrj e£rj<; ^/xepa" 1 KdTeXOovTOJV avrwv oltto 37 

rov opovs crvvTjvrrjcrev avrc3 o)(\os ttoXvs. koll ISov dvrjp 38 
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eTTlfiXtyai €7Tt TOV vloV /JLOV, OTL (XOVOyevrjS [XOL CCTTLV, 

kcu ISov rrvevfjia Aa/x/3dVet ovtov, Kat i^tfarjs Kpd£u, 39 
koll crTrapacrcra avTOV jxerd acf>pov Kat /xoAts aTTo^wpeZ 
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crov tVa eKJSdXwcrLV avro, koI ovk -qSvvyOrjcrav. a7ro- 41 
KptOels Se 6 'I^crous etrrev *0 ytved aVtoTOS koll Sie- 
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avrov, e^eTrXyacrovro Se. 7rdVTes erri tyj fieyaXeiorrjrL rov 43 
6eov. 

UavTO)v Se Oavfia^ovTwv €7rt irdcrtv ots eTroiei elirev 
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fxeyas. 'A7roKpt^€ts Se 'Icoav^s eTrrev 'E7rt- 49 

crrora, elSafiev nva ev t<3 ovofxart aov eK/SdXXovra Sat- 
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ehrev Se irpcs avTov I^ams M77 KUiXvere, os yap oi'k e- 50 



IX X KATA AOYKAN 145 

CTTLV KdO* VfXQJV V7T€.p VpLWV COTtV. 

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54 iSovtcs 8e ot ixaOrjToi 'laKw/?os Kat 'IcoaV^s et7rai/ Ki'ptc, 

fleXct? clVco/xci/ nyp kataBhnai And toy oypANoy kai 

55 ANAAoScAl olvtovs t ; OTpa<£eis 8e inert fir] cr€V auTOts T . h , c<k /cat 'HAetas 

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<j>apvaov/jL, fir) ecoc oypANoy yyoo0hch ; ecoc Toy AAoy 

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7coi/ v/xas e/xe atferer o oe e/xe atrerwv aczeret rov a?ro- 
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ra [Suo] /xera X a P^ s Xcyovrcs Kfpie, Kat ra SatxtoVta 
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€« tou. ovpavaiX w? rots 'E^ewpoi;]/ rov Saravav r cu5 aarpam^v eK rov ov- 

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TTATGIN eTTANOO OCfjGCON Kat cr/cop7rtW, Kat e?rt rrdaav rrjv 
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X KATA AOYKAN I 47 

20 TrXrjv iv rovru p.t) ^aipere on ra 7rvevfiara vplv virordo-- 
atTOLLj yaiperz Se ort ra ovofxara vp.<2v iuyeypairrai iv 

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rrdrcp Kvptc rot? oi;pai/ou Kat r^s y^s, on a7r€Kpv\l/as 
ravra airo crocfawv Kat crvv€T<2v, kcu aweKaXvij/as glvtcl vrj- 
7TLOLS' vat, o TraTijp, bn euro)? cuSoKta iyivero epurpocrOiv 

22 crov. Ilai/ra p,ot rrapehoOr) vtto rev Trarpos fiov, kcll 
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cotw 6 7rarrjp ct firj 6 vlos /cat a> aV fiovXyrai 6 vies 

23 a7roKaXv\j/ai. Kat crrpac^ds 7rpos tol-s /xa^Tyras Kar' tStaj/ 
et7rev Ma/captot ot oc/>#aAp,ot ol /SXtTrovres a /SXiirerc. 

24 Xeya) yap v/xtv ort TroAAot irpcx^rjrai koX ^ao~tXets ?7#e- 
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25 Kat tSou voiJUKos ns dviarrj €K7T€tpa£ajv auroV A.€- 
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ton r 6eoN coy n el oAhc t KApAi^c coy kai en oAh th 0«bv | 1% 
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28 NOIA COY, Kat TON TTAHCl'oN COy 00C C6AYTON. elirev Se 

29 aura) 'Op#ak aircKpLOrjs' TOyTO HOl'ei KAI ZHCH. 'O Se 
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30 icrrtv fJiov ttXyjctlov ; v7roXaj3(i>v o lrjaovs znrev Av^pco- 
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KariSyjcrev ra rpavfiaTa avrov IttvxIuv tXaiov Kat ot^ov, 



148 KATA AOYKAN XXI 

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ttJ^ aVatStav aurou eyep0ets Saxret avrw ocrwv -^prj 
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6 Xvxyo<; T Trj do-rpa-rrfj <£a)Tt£?7 cre.~* 

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XI KATA AOYKAN 151 

tScov iOavp.ao'cv 6V t ov 7rpwTOV €J3a7rTia6rj irpo tov apt- 

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40 to Se eaoiOcv vfiiov ye/xet dpirayrj^ kcu Trovrjpias. ac/>p07/eg, 

41 ov^ o TTOirjQ~a<z to cfto^ev Kai, to ecrw^ev eVot^crci/ ; 7tXt}^ 
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50 Xoi;?, Kat e£ a^Twi/ a7roKTevo{)crti> Kat Stwfovo-tT/, tVa ck^- 

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yvoxrOrjcreTaL avO (bv ocra iv rrj ctkotlcl elVare iv to) 3 
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rots c^t'Aots piov, parj (jyo/3rj9rJT€ a7ro T(ov olttoktelvovtidv to 
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jUCTa to airoKTeLVCu e^ovTa i£ovo~cav ipLJ3aXeLV €ts ttjv 
yievvav vai, Aeya) v/xti/, tovtoj/ <j)oj37]6r)T€. ov\l 7reVre 6 
CTTpovOia ttwXovvtoll dacrapewv Svo ; /ecu £1/ c£ avrdji/ 
ovk COTW £iriXeX7]o-pLivov ivuHTLov tov 6eov. aAAa Kat at 7 
Tpt)(€<s Trjs K€<paXyjs vpL&v 7racrat 7)pL9pLr)VTac parj <f>oj3ei- 
o-6e* TroXXiov arpovOitov Sia<£ep€TC Aeyco Se i5/xtv, 7ras 8 
os av 6pLoXoyt]0 , €L iv e/xot epLirpoorOev Tiov av0po)7T(ov, Kat 6 
vlos tov av0p<jj7rov opLoXoyrjaet iv olvtcd eparpocrOev t<2v 
ayy iXd)v tov 6 gov* 6 he apv^o-a/xevos pee ivunriov twv 9 
av9p(D7T(DV dirapvrjOyjo'eTaL ivi^iziov t<2v dyyiXoyv tov 
ueov. Kat 7ras 09 epet Aoyoi' cts tov vlov tov dvOpdirov^ 10 
acfaeurjcreTaL aura)* ra) Se cts to dyiov Trvtvpia fiXaar<$>7]pLri- 
cravTt ovk ac^e^crcTat, c/ OTav Se eto"^)£pa)crti/ i;/xas C7rt n 
Tas o"waya)yas /cat Tas app(as Kat Tas i£ovo~Las, prj p.ept- 
fivrjo'rjTC 7tws [-^ Tt] diroXoyrjorrjcrOe r) tl elirrjTe' to 12 
yap aytov TrvevpLOL StSafct i5/xas ev avT^ ttJ wpa a Set e:- 
7T€ti/. Et7rei/ Se Tts €K tou o^Xov avT(3 AtSa- 13 

0"KaXe, €t7T€ tw aSeXc/xp jtxov /xcptVacr^at /xct' Ijuou tt^x/ 
KXrjpovop.Lav. 8e c?7rei/ airrw AvOpwire, tls /ulc kcltc- 14 






XII RATA AOYKAN 153 

15 (TTrjcrev KpirrjV rj fiepio~Tr)v e<j> vfias ; elVev Se 7rpos av- 
tovs 'Opare Kal <pvXdo'0'eo-9e aVo irdcrrjs irXeove^ia^ otl 
ovk ev to> -epiorcreveiv tlvl rj far) avrov i<n\v Ik twv 

1 5 virapyovTUiV avru). Et7T6V Se Trapaj3oXrjv 7rpos avrovs 
Aeyan' 'AvOpbJirov rivog 7rXovo-iov ev<f>6pr]arev rj ^wpa. 

17 Kai SieXoyt£ero eV auVw Xe'ywv Tl 77-01770-0), otl ovk e^u 

18 7TOV awd£(D TOVS Kap-ITOVS flOV ; KOLL eiireV ToVTO 7TOLr]0~U)' 

K<x9e\<j) fiov rds diroOrfKas kol /xei£ovas olKoSofirjao), kcu 

19 crwafa) ck€l irdvra r ToV &ltov kol rd dyaOd /xov 1 , kou h T a yt^/aara 
epoj ttJ ^xi? ^ ov ^^X 7 ?' fX €ts ^oXXa dyaOd [/cei/xeva eis 

20 eV?i iroXXd' aVa7ravGV, <£aye, 7rie], ev<£paiVov. elirev Se 
avrw o #eds A<j>pwv, ravrrj tjj vvktI ttjv \f/v)(r]v o~ov at- 

21 rovo-iv aVo o~ov* a Se rjTOLfiao-as, rtVt ecrrat ; [Ovtws o #77- 

22 cravpi&v avT<2 Kal fir) eh Oeov 7rXov7W.] Et- 

irev Se 7rpos rovs fia6r)Tas [avrov] Aid tovto r Xey<o vfilv 1 , ifuv Aeyw 
fir) fiepifivaTe rfj i/^XT? T ' L ^ayrire, firjhe ra> crwfiaTi [v/xwj/] 

23 Tt evBvcr-qcrOe. rj yap \pv)(rj irXelov Io~tlv r^s Tpocfryjs Kal 

24 to (rw/xa tov evSv/xaros. /caravo^crare rovs Kopa/ca? otl 

r ov orireipovaiv ovSe 1 Bepi^ovcriv, ots ovk ecrnv Tafieiov ovrs o-Trecpovo-^ 
ovbe aTrourjKT], /cai o c?eos rpecpei glvtovs* 7roora) fiakkov 

25 v/xeis Sta<£epere twv 7reTeiv<j>v. tls Se. e£ vfiwv fiepifiv<j)v 

26 SvVarat r e7rt tt}i/ rjXudav avrov irpocrOelvai* 7rrj^yv ; r el ovv npoaeelvai «rt t^ 

3 jv n / 5^'Z] ' ^~\ «n « TJAt/ctai/ avroO I 

oi;Oc eKa^icrTov ovvaaae, tl irepi tojv Aolttwv fxepip^vare ; ^ *cai Trepl twi/ Aot- 

27 KaTavorjcraTe Ta Kpiva 7tcds au^avet* ov kotticl ovbe vrjtreL • h oure i^'flec cure 

eyw oe v/xtv, ovoe aoaojmdv ev irao-rj ttj ooqrj avrov Trepie- 

28 (3dXeT0 ws ei' ro^rwy. el Se ev aypa> rov ^oprov ovTa 
crrjjjLepov Kal avpiov etg kXl^ovov fiaXXojJLevov 6 deos ovtws 

29 aficjitdleL, 7roo-ci) jjlolXXov vjids, oXtyoTrtcrrot. Kat i5/xets yu,?} 

30 LflTelTe tl <j>dyr)Te Kal tl Trijyre, kol fir) /xeretopt^ecr^e, Tau- 
Ta yap iravTa ra Wvt] tov koct/jlov e7ri£r)Tovo-iv, v/xcov Se d 

3t iraTrjp otSei/ on ypji^eTe tovtwv irXrjv ^retre ttJv /Sacri- 

32 XetW avrov, Kal Tavra irpocrTe6rjo"eTaL v/jllv. fir) cfao/Sov, 

to fiLKpov TTOLfiVLOV, otl cvSoK^Q-ev d Trarrjp vfiwv Sovvul 



154 KATA AOYKAN XII 

VfXLV rrjv fiaaXeiav. HmXtjcraTe ra vTrapxpvra vjjlwv 33 
Kal Sore e\€7]fjLO<Jvi/7]v 7rot7^craT€ cauTOtg (3aXXdvT t ia fj.lij 
TraAatou/xeva, Orjcravpov avtKXeiirTov iv tols ovpavots, 
ottov kXcttt^? ovk iyyt^et ovBe crrjs 8ta<£t/€tp€t* o7rov yap 34 
i(TTLV 6 6r]cravp6<s vfxojv, eKet Kat 77 KapSta vjxwv ecrrat. 
"EuTtocrai/ v/xcoj/ at cogues Treptc^cooyxevat Kat ol \v)(voi 35 
Katd/xcvot, Kat v/xet? d/xotot dv9pu>iroi<$ Trpoo-Scxo/xeVotc; 36 
toi/ Kvpiov kavrwv ttot€ avaXvarj €K tojv yafiaiv, iva iX96v- 
T05 Kat Kpovaavros €v9£u)<; dvot^oicnv avVa). /xaKaptot ol 37 
8ouA.ot CKetVot, ov5 eAc^an' o Kvptos evprjcrzi, yprjyopovvTas* 
djxrjv Xiyo) vplv ort Treptfaxrerai Kat ai/aKAtrct ovtovs Kal 
** 7rapeX9wv StaKOvrycret clutch?. r Kav iv Trj Seircpa Kav iv 38 

tt} TptTfl c}>vXaKrj eXOrj koi evprj ovtws,^ /xaKaptot clcrtv 

€KCLVOL tovto 8e ytl/COO~KeT£ OTt €t #Sa O OlKo8ecr7T077y5 39 

ov/c av ^"Ota cL'pa 6 kX£ttt7}<; Ip^erat, r iyprjy6prjcrev dv Kal ovk? d- 

cfarJKtv Stopv)(9rjvaL tov olkov avrov. Kal vfitis yiveuOe 40 
eTOijJLOi, 6Vt rj copa, ov SoKetre o mds tov dvOpwTrov epx e ~ 
rat. ETttci/ Se d JTerpos Kupte, 7rpds ?y/xas Tryy rrapa- 41 
fioXrjv Tavrrjv Xiyas yj Kal 7rpos Trayras ; Kat etTrei/ d 42 
Kvpios Tts apa eWti/ d Trio-rds otKOi/d/xog, d <£pdvt/xos, 01/ 
KaTa<jTrycr£6 d Kvpios i-irl rrjs 0€pa7reias axVci) rou 8tSoVat 
ei/ Katptp [to] o-LTOfxerptov ; /xaKaptos d Soij/\os c^etvog, 6V 43 
iX0(i)v 6 Kvpios avrov evptfcrei rroiovvra ovtw aA^^ws 44 
Aeyto rati/ ort eVt Tracrtv rots virap^pvaiv avrov KaTavTi)- 
crct avrov. idv 8e et7T77 d SouAos e/cet^os e^ ttJ KapSta 45 
auTOu Xpovt£et d Kuptds uou ep^ecrc^at, Kat dp^rjrai rv- 
tttzlv rov<; 7ratSas Kat ras TratSt'crKag, iaOUiv T€ Kat 7tlv€LV 
Kal p,€0uo-K€cr#at, ^fet d Kvpios tov SovXov iKetvov iv 46 
^uepa ^ ov TrpocrSoKa Kat c^ wpa 7) ov ytvcucrKet, Kat St^o- 
TOjut^cret avTOV Kat to fAtpos avrov pcera t(jjv aTrio-ru>v 
Orjaet. iKclvos Be 6 SovXos 6 yvovs to OeXrjfxa tov Kvpuov 47 
avTOv Kat /xt; iroL/xdaa^ y ironjcras 7rpos to OeXrjjxa av- 

-iKal idv ekOrj rrj ecnrepivrj <pv\aK.fj Kal evp>/crei, ovrws 7rot>f<ret, /cat ed^ iv rfj SevTepa, Kal rfj rptTTj'f- 



XII XIII KATA AOYKAN 1 55 

48 tov Sapper CTat ttoXXoV o Se fxrj yvovs TroLyjcras Se a£ta 
7r\rjyu)v Sapyjo-erai oXtyag. 7rai/Tt Se co iSoOrj ttoXv, 7toXv 
^rjrrjOijcreTai Trap 9 avrov, /cat, co irapiOtvTO 7roXv, 7reptcrcTo- 

49 rcpov aiTrjaovcriv avTov. Tivp rjXOov /3aXeti/ eVt t?^ y^i/, 

50 Kat T6 6iXo) et rjSr] avrj^tdr] ; /^dVTtcr/xa Se e;(oo fiairTKjOfj- 

51 vat, Kat 7tws crwe^o/xat ceo? orou TtXecrOfj. SoKetre ore 
elpyjvrjv Trapey evo/xrjv Sowat iv rrj yrj ; ov^t, Xeyco v/xtv, 

52 aXX' -7 Sia/jLepidfJiov. eowTat yap airo tov vvv irivre iv 
eVt otKop Sta/xe/xeptoyxeVot, Tpets liri Svcrlv Kat Svo eVt 

53 rpiCTLV, Sta/Acptcr#^crovTat Trarrjp eVt via Kat yiOC 6TTI 
TTATpi', iirjT7]p eVt Ovyarepa Kat 0Y["ATHp 6171 THN MHT6- 
pA, TTtvOepa eVt r>}i/ vvfJLcj>r]v avrrjs Kat NYM(()H 6TTI THN 

54 TT6N0epAN. EXeyev Se Kat rot? o^Xots f/ Orav 
iSrjre vecfriXrjv dvaTtXXovaav eVt SuoyxooV, ev#ecos Xe- 

55 ycT€ otl "Ofifipos ep^erat, Kat ytVerat o^tcos* Kat orai/ 
votov TTviovra, Xe'yeTC otl Kaixroov ecrrat, Kat ytVcrat. 

56 v7TOKptTai, to 7rpGO~u)7rov ttJs yrjs Kat tov ovpavov ot'Sare 
SoKt/xa£etr, toV r KatpoV Se n rovroi/ 7roos ouk otSare SoKt/xa- 6e Kaipbv 

57 £ai/ ; Tt 8c Kat at/>' eauTcoV ov KptVere to StKatov ; cos 
yap i/7rayets p,eTa tou ovtlBlkov crov he ap^ovTa, iv ttj 
0800 80s ipyaciav aV^XXa^at [aV] avTOu, fxrj 7tot€ KaTa- 

0"Up77 CT€ 7TpOS TOV KptT7]V, Kat O KplTTjS CT€ 7TapaScOCTet TW 

59 irpaKTopi, Kat o 7rpaKTa)p ere /?aXet ets <j>vXaKijv. Xeyco 
cot, ot; jut; i££X6r)<$ tKtWev ecos Kat to lo~\aTov XctttoV 
a7ro8a>g. 

1 Ilap^cTav Se Ttves eV auToo tu Katpco aVayye'XXovTes 
airroo ?rept rwv TaXtXatW 001/ to at/xa IletXaTos e/xtfev 

2 p,€T<x tcov ^ucrtd)j/ ai;Tojy. Kat aVoKpt#€ts ctTrei/ aurots 
AoKCtTe oTt ot TaXtXatot o^Tot a/x,apTcoXot 7rapa ttolv- 
Tas tci;s TaXtXatoi;? iyevovTO, otl TavTa 77€—6v8acriv ; 

3 ou^t, Xeyco vjxlv^ aXX iav fxrj fJL€TavorJT€ irdvTts o/ulolms 

4 a7roXetcr#e. ij eKCtvot ot 8eKa oktoj icj> ovs €tt€o~€v 6 
TTVpyos iv too 2tXoja/x Kat aTreKTtLvev avTOvs, Sokcitc OTt av- 



i S 6 



KATA AOYKAN 



XIII 



fisravoyjTe 



<av\- 



Tol dc/>etXeVat eyevovro irapd irdvras rovs dvOputirovs tovs 
koltolkovvtols 'lepovcraXypu ; ovxh Xe'ya) vplv, aXX' lav fxrj 5 
/JL€Tavo7]crr]Te ' 7rdvres wcravTais a7roXetcr#€. *E- 6 

Xeyev Se Tavrrjv rrjv irapafSoXrjV. ^vktJv ct^eV tls 7rec£u- 
Tevp,evrjv ev tc3 ap,7reX(3vt auTou, Kat ^X^ev tprjrwv Kapirov 
ev oLVTrj koI ovx evpev. et^er Se 7rpds toV dpareXovp- 7 
ycV 'iSou Tpta er^ a<£ ov epyppai fcrjTiov Kapirov iv rrj 
(TVKYj ravTrj Kat ov% evpto-Koy eKKOij/ov avrrjy wa tl Kat 
rrjv yrjv Karapyel; 6 Se diroKpiOels Xeyet avrai Kupte, 8 
defies auT>Jv Kat tovto to €705, ews orou (r/cdi^w 7rept avr^i/ 
H <d^tvoi' /con-pi- Kat /3dXu> r K07rpta n • Kav /xev 7roir]o~rj Kapirov els to /xeXXov— 9 

€t Se p^rjy^y eKKOlj/eiS aVTTjV. 

9 Hv Se StSao-Kcor eV /xta twi/ crwaya>ya>i' ev Tots o-dj3/3a- 10 
crtv. Kal tSoi) ywT/ Trvev/xa e^ovcra dcrOevetas errj SeKa n 
oktoj, /cat ?yv crui/KVTTTOVo-a Kat jxrj Swajxevrj avaKvif/ai els 
to 7ravTeA.es. tSwv Se auT?/v o 'It;o"o{;s 7rpocre(f>(£vr]crev Kal 12 
etTrev avnr} rwat, a7roXe'Xi;o"at t?Js ao~0evecas crov, Kal 13 
€7r£9r]K€V avrrj Tas xetpas' K0Li ?rctpa^p^/xa avupSojOr], Kal 
eSdfa£ev toV #edv. airoKpiOels Se o apxto-uvaycoyos, aya- 14 
vaKTwv oTt tc3 0-aj3j3aT<i) eOepairevcrev o 'Irjcrovs, eXeyev t<3 
o^Ato OTt sh^rjpLepat etcnv ev at? oet epya^ecrUai ev aurats 
odi/ ep^d/xevot OepairevecrOe Kal pur} ttJ rjpepa. rov o~af3(3d- 
rov. dircKpiOr] Se a^Tco d Kuptos /cat etTrev 'YiroKpiTai, 15 
CKacrTos i^ajv tc3 cra[Bj3dT(D ov Xva rov fiovv avrov rj rov 
ovov a7ro rrjs <t>drvr]s Kal r d7rdyo)v n ttotl^cl; ravrrjv Se 16 
Ovyarepa 'A/5paa/x oSo-av, rjv eSrjcrev 6 ^aravas iSov SeVa 
Kat oktqj errj, ovk eSet XvOrjvat diro rov Seo-jU-ov tovtov ttj 
rjpepa rov aafifiaTov ; Kat Ta^Ta XeyovTos avTOv Karrj- 17 
<t^woi/to TravTe? ot avriKupevoi airrcp, Kat 7ras o o^Xos 
€)(aipev e7rt iracriv tols iv$6£ois tols yivopivois vir av- 
tov. EXeyev ovv TtVt opota iarlv -q jBaai- is 

Xeta tou ^eou, Kat Ttvt o/xotwcra) avT7yi/; opioia icrrlv kokkio 19 
O"tva7reco9, 01/ Xa/3d)V dvOponros efiaXev els ktjttov eavrov, 



airayayuiv 



XIII KATA AOYKAN 1 57 

kclI rjvcrjcrev kcu eyeVero ets ScvSpov, koll TA TT6T6INA 
TOY OYpANOY KAT€CKHN0OC€N 6N Toic K.AAAOIC AYTOy. 

20 Kat 7rdXtv elirev TtVt 6fiot(icr(x> rrjv (SacrtXeiav rov 6cov ; 

21 ofJLCLa iorrlv ^vpLrj, yv Xa/3ovo~a yvvrj tKpvij/ev cts aXevpov 
aara rpta ecus ov tQvpLwvy oaov. 

22 Kat 8i€iropev€TO Kara 7rdA€ts Kat kw/jlols StSacrKwi/ kol 

23 7rop€iav 7roLOviAzvos els 'lepocroXvjJLa. Et7r€^ 8e tis avTio 
Kupte, et oXiyoi ot crcofd/xevot; d Se elirev irpos auTOD9 

24 Ay(iiVit,€<jOe elcrzXOcLV Sta rrys crrev^s Ovpas, otl 7toXXol, 
Aeyco vjjllv, t,yrycrovcTtv tKJzXOeiv Kat ovk lcr)(ycrovcrLV, 

25 ac/> ol> av iyep6rj o otK 08 ecnroTrj ? Kat oVo/cXetcr?? rrjv 6vpav 9 
kcu ap^ycrOe efco kcndvcu kcu Kpoveiv tt)v Ovpav Xiyovres 
Kupte, avoitjov ypuv kcu aVoKpt^ets epet vplv Ovk oTSa 

26 ryxas 7rd^£i/ eWe. Tore r apfea#€ n Xiyetv Ec/)ayott€y dp&o-Oe 

eVWTTLOV (TGV KCtl €7TtOp.€V, KOL Iv TOUS 7rXaT€LCtlS TJpiWV cSt- 

27 Sa£as* kol ipu Xeycav d/uv Ovk oTSa 7rd#€i> core* 

28 ATTOCTHTG AH 6M0f ? nANT6C eppVTAI aAIKIAC. 'Ekci eWat 

d KXavOpios /cat d /3pvyp.6s twv oSoVtcov, oVav r oij/ycrO€~ ] 6\pea9e 

A/3padpL kcu 'Io~aa/c /<at 'Ia/cojyS Kat 7raj/Tas tods 7rpo<j>yTas 
iv rrj /?acrtAeta rov Oeov, i5/xas Se iKfiaXXopiivovs efw. 

29 Kat y^ovariv ATTO ANATOA00N KAI AyCMOoN Kat aVd j3oppd kol 

30 vdrcu Kat dvaKXtdycrcvTcu Iv rrj fiacnXeLa rov 6eov. kcu 
ISov elcrlv Icryaroi oi ecrovTcu 7rpa;TOt, Kat elcrlv irpOtroi ot 

31 Icrovrcu ecr^aTOt. E^ avrfj rrj wpa 7rpoarjX6dv 
Ttves <±>apto-atot AeyovTCS aura) "EfeA0€ Kat Tropzvov 

32 ivrevOev, on 'HpwS^s 0eAet crc a7TOKT€tyat. Kat etirc]/ 
airrots ITop€i;^ei/T€s et7raT€ jfj dX(o7T€Ki Tavrrj 'iSou 
€Kf3aXX(D Saifxovia kcu taorets a7rorcAc3 crrjpLtpov Kat avpcov, 

33 Kat ttJ TptTTy TeXetov/xat. irXrjv Set p.e errjpepov kcu avpiov 
Kat tt} ixopiivrj iropevecrOcu, on ovk kvheyercu TrpocfrrJTrjv 

34 airoXicrOai efa> ^lepovo-aXrjjji. 'lepovcraXr] /x 'IcpovcraXrjpL, 
r} d7roKT€Lvovcra tovs 7rpo<f>rjTas Kat Xt6oj3oXovcra rov<s 
d-n-eaTaXpiivovs Trpds avTrjvy-TTGcrdKLS rjOtXrjaa liricrvvd^ai 

11 



158 RATA AOYKAN XIII XIV 

Ta T€Kva crov ov rpoirov opvts rrjv eavrrjs vocrcridv vtto rds 
Trrepvyas, Kal ovk r}6eXrjo~aTe. iSov A(f>ieTAI YMIN 6 OIKOC 35 
YMOON. Aeyaj [St] vpuv, ov pur) ISrjre pie la>s cL7rrjT€ 
EyAorHMfcNOC 6 epxoMeNoc €N oNOMATi KypioY. 

Kal iyevero iv ra) iXOelv avrov els olkov rtvos r<Zv dp^ov- 1 
T(jjv [twv] <PapLo~aL(DV cra/3/3ara) cbayeiv aprov Kal avrol rjcrav 
rraparrjpovpLevoi avrov. kcu tSoii avOpwTros ris rjv vSpuiTLKos 2 
eparpQcrOev avrov. Kal drroKpiQels 6 'irjcrovs tlirev rrpos tovs 3 
vofJUKovs Kal Qapicraiovs Xeywv "Efccrru' tw o~a(3/3drio 
Oepairevcrai rj ov; ol Se Tjcrv^acrav. Kal irr iXa (3 6 pevos 4 
tacraro auroy Kat a7reXvcrev. Kai rrpos avrovs elirev Tt- 5 
4P* vos vpiwv vlos i] (3ovs els c/>peap rtecreirai, Kal ovk evdews 

dvacrirdcrei avrov iv rjp.epa rov cra/3j3drov; Kal ovk tcr^v- 6 
aav dvrairoKpiOfjvai rrpos ravra. "YtXeyev Se 7 

Trpos totjs k€k\t]pl£vov<$ 7rapa/3oXr]Vy eire^oyv ttcjs ras 7rp<o- 
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r7ro rtvos cts ydpiovs, pa) KaraKXcOrjs els rrjv TrpoiroKXto-iav, 
/XT] rrore ivrtpiorepos crov rj KeKXr]p.evos vif avrov, Kal 9 
iX6o)V o o~€ Kat avrov KaXecras epct crot A05 tovto> tottov, 
Kat Tore ap^ /xera atcr^vi/y;? rdv ecr^aroi/ rdrrov Kare^etv. 
aXX orav kXtiOtjs iropevQels dvaireae els rov ea)(arov to- 10 
7rov, tva orav eX8rj 6 KeKXrjKOJS ere ipei ctol <&iXe, rrpocr- 
avaj3rj0i avo)repov' Tore carat crot Sofa ivuTiov 7rdvrwv 
T(jjv crvvavaKeipLevoiv crot. ort Tras o v\p<2v eavrov rairewiD- n 
Orjcrerai Kal 6 rarreivuiV eavrov vij/mOrjcrerat. *E- 12 

Acycv Se Kat T(3 KeKXrjKon avrov "Orav 7roifjs apicrrov 
7j Set7rvov } pa) ^)ajvet revs (JzlXovs crov paihe rovs dSeXcfaovs 
crov pirjhe rovs o-vyyevels crov /xyySe yetVova? ttXovgtlovs, 
fjiTj rrore Kat avrot avriKaXecr^criv ere Kat yevrjrat avrairo- 
8op.a o~ot. aAA' orav So^r]v Troths, KaXet 7rru>)(ovS) dva7rei- 13 
povs, ^coXovs, rvcfyXovi* Kal p-aKaptos eery, on ovk e^ovcrtv 14 
ctV7a7roSovVat crot 5 avTa7ro8o^7ycrcTat yap crot iv rfj aVaora- 



XIV RATA AOYKAN 1 59 

15 cret tcji/ StKa*W. 'AKovcras Se rts T(Zv crwava- 
K€ifxivwv ravTa €i7T€V aur<I> McLKOLpios ocrrts <£ayeTat 

16 dprov Iv rrj [SacrtXeLa rov 6eov. 6 Se et7rei> aura) "Av- 
0p(x)7r6s rt? errotet BeL-irvov p.eya, Kat e/caAecrci/ 7roAAoi;9, 

17 Kat aVeoTetAei' toi/ So^Ao^ avrou ttJ wpa to£> SetVvou et- 

7T€tJ/ TOtS K€k\7]/JL€VOLS r *Ep>(ecr#e n UTL Tj^T] €70t/X(X r €OTH'" 1 . epxecr&H J e:cru> 

18 Kat rjp^avro aVd ptas 7rdVres 7rapatretcr0at. 6 7rpwros 
etTrei/ avra> Aypov rjyopaaa koll e^w avay ktjv i^eXOwv 

19 tSeti/ auroV epcorw ere, e^e pe TraprjTrjfxivcv. Kat erepos 
enrev Zevyrj fioojv rjyopaaa 7reVre koX 7ropeuopat SoKijj.d- 

20 crat aura' epcoraS ere, e^e p,e TrapYjTrjpievov, Kat erepos 
ct7T€v XWatKa eyrjfia Kat 8ta roOro ov Swapat £X9eiv. 

21 Kat 7rapayev 6 fievQS 6 SovAos aV^yyetAei/ tw Kvptw avrov 
ravTa. Tore dpytcr#eis o otKo8co-7ror^5 et7rev tw SovAto 
aurov *E£eA0e ra^iw<s eis rag 7rAaretas Kat pvp,as t^s 
7roAetog, Kat rovs 7rrar)(ous Kat avairupovs Kat tvc/>Aovs Kat 

22 ^wAovs etcrayaye a>Se. Kat clttcv o SovAos Kvpte, ye- 

23 yovei> o eVe'ra^ag, Kat ert ro7ros cortV. Kat et7rev d Kvptos 
7rpos roV SovAoi/ *E£eA#e ets ras dSovs Kat cf>payjjLovs Kat 

24 dvdyKOLcrov eicreA^etv, tya ytpucrdrj fiov 6 o?kos* Aeyto yap 
vpu/ 6Vt ouSeis twv aVSpwj/ £k€lv(x)V rwi' K€KXrjfxivo)v yevcre- 
rat pov rov SetWov. 

25 2we7ropevoi>TO Se avraJ o^Aot 7roAAot, Kat crrpac/>et5 

26 et7rei> 7rpds avrovs Et rts ep^erat 7rpds />te Kat ov /ucret 
toi' 7rarepa eavrov Kat T^f p/^repa Kat r^v ywatKa Kat ra 
reKva Kat tovs aSeAe/xpjs Kat ra? aSeAc/>a?, ert re Kat t^i> 

27 \J/V)(fjv £ avT °v> ov Su^arat eti^at p,ov fJLaOrjrrjs. octtls 
ov /^acrTtt^et toi/ crraupoV eavrou Kat ep^erat 07rtcr<ji piov, 

28 ov Svi/arat et^at /xov fJLadrjTyjs. Tts yap e^ vjxuiv 6£Xw>v 
irvpyov otKoSo/x^crat ov^(t irpwTOV Ka^tcras \j/r]<pi^€L ttjv 

29 SaTrdvrjv, et e^et et? dirapTLcrpLov ; tVa p,?; Trore Oevros clvtov 
OepiiXiov Kat p,^ tcr^vo^ros eKTeAecrat Trdvres ol dewpovvrcs 

30 dp^u)vrai avTo* epTrat^etv Aeyovres ort Ovros o av6pu>- 



l6o KATA AOYKAN XIV XV 

TTOS TJp^OLTO OLKO$OJJL€LV KCU OVK IC^VO-ei/ €KT€/Uo"at. 7] TtS 31 

/JacrtXcvs iropevopLtvos €T€pw /^acri/Vet avv/BaXetv eis 7roXe- 
/xoi/ ov;(t KaOicras 7rparrov /3ovXevaeTaL d Swaros ecrrtv ey 
Sem xtXtaVtv viravrrjcrai t(3 /zera €i/<oo"t ^tXtaSwi/ €/oxo- 
/zei/a) €tt' avVoV; et Se /xTyye, ert avTOv iroppo) ovtos 7rpc- 32 
ek «. ra Trpbj vfiuav dirooTeiAas epcora r 7rpoV tlprjvqv. ovtws ovv 7ras e£ 33 
vjjlwv 6s ovk a7rorao~cr£Tat Trao'tv rots eavTOv VTrapypvcrw 
ov 6vvarai etvat p,ov fAadrjTijs. KaAoV ovv to aAas" taV 34 
§e Kat to aXas puapavOrj, Iv tlvl dprvOijcreTat; ovre eis y^y 35 
ovt€ eh K07rpiav evOerov kvriv efco fidXXovcriv avVo. 'O 
€)(u)V wra o.kovclv aKOveTto. 

^Hcrav Se avrco £yy l^ovtcs irdvTCS 01 re\(2vai Kat ot a/zap- 1 
TwXot aVovetv avrov. /<at Steyoyyv£ov 01 T€ Qapio-cuoL /<at 2 
01 ypa/x/xaTCts Xeyorres OTt Ovtos ap,apTO>Xovs 7rpoo , 8e- 

^CTCH Kat CTVV€<j9Ul OLVTOLS. €L7TCV Si 7TpOS aVTOVS T^V 3 

7rapa/3oXrjv TavTrjv Xeya>j/ Tt's aV0pco7ros ££ vjxwv k'yiav 4 
Ikcltov TrpofSaTOL kolL aVoXeVas c£ aiVajy eV ov KaTaXetTret 
ra IvevrjKOVTa ivvea Iv rfj iprj^ kclI 7ropeveTai iifl to 
a7roXo)Xos coos evprj avTo; Kat tvpuiv IttltlOtjo'lv eVt tovs 5 
to/xovs avrov yaipuiV, Kai kX9u>v etg tov otKov cruFKaXct 6 
rovs <£tXovs Kat tovs yetTovas, Xiyo)v avrois ^vvxdprjTe 
fxoi otl evpov to 7rp6j3aTov fiov to a7roXa)Xos. Aeyaj vptv 7 
OTt ovtws X a P a * v T( ? ovpavw ecrTCu eVt Ivl ajxapTO)Xco 

/ACTOLVOOVVTL 7] €7Tl €V€V7]KOVTa Ivvid SiKCLLOLS OtTtV€S OV ^p€tW 

e^ovcrti/ jjL€TavoLas a *H Tts ywT; 8pa^//xas e^ovcra Bina, idv 8 
airoXzcry] Spa^ixrjv [xtav y ov^l diTTei Xvyyov Kat crapol ttjv 
oiKiav Kat ^7/Tet €7rtju.eX(2s eo)5 ov cvp^; Kat evpovVa o-w- 9 
KaXa Tag <£tAas Kat yetTovaq Xiyovaa ^W)(dpr]Te /xot 
ort zvpov Tt)V Spa^fJirjv jjv a7rcoXeo~a. ovto)?, Xeyw v/xtr, 10 
ytVcTat X a P°^ kvwiTiov tojv ayyiXoiv tov 0ecv €7rt cvt a//,ap- 

T0)\(3 jlt£TaVOOVVTt. Et7T€V 8e ' V Av0pO)7TOS TtS II 

ct^ev 8vo vtovg. Kat eiirev o recoTepos avrcov tw iraTpi 12 
IlaTcp, So? p-ot to iTrijSdXXov p,epos t^s ovo"tas* o St" StetXev 



XV 



KATA AOYKAN 



161 



13 avrots rov fiiov. /cat fier ov 7roAA.as -qpiepas crvvayay^v 
r Trdvra 6 vearrepos vlos avreS^/xTycrcv €19 ^ojpav p.aKpav, kolL 

14 e/cet SiZCTKopTncrev rrjv ovctlolv avrov £coV acrcoTco?. hairavrj- 
cravros Se avrou rrdvra eyevero Xtpios lcr)(ypd Kara 7171/ 

15 X^ J P aV ^ Ke ^ r / V ) KC ^ L a ^ r 05 7]p£aTO V(TT€p€L<J$a.L, KoL TTOpeV- 

Oels eKoXXrfOrj evl tcoV tto\it<2v rrjs )(wpas eKeLvrjz, kol 

16 eTrepaj/ev avrov els tot)? aypovs avrov j36<JK€iv ^otpo^s* Kat 
erreOvpieL r ^ppracr6'r]vaL ' Ik tcoV Kepartcov <uv rjcrOiov 61 ^otpot, 

17 Kat ouSet-s eStSou aura). cts eairroi/ 8c eXdwv ecfar] ITocrot 
fXLordiOi rov irarpos /xcv rrepLcrcTevovr at aprojv, eyci Se At/xto 

18 coSe diroXXvp-at' dvacrras Tropevcrofxai rrpos tgV rrarepa 
//,oi> Kat epto aurc3 Ilarcp, rjpLaprov els rov ovpavov kcu 

19 evcoTrtoi/ crou, ovKeri et/xt aftos KXrjOrjvat vlos crov' 7rotrjcr6y 

20 tte ojs eya tw^ fJLi(r6io)v crov. Kat avaoras rjXBev rrpos Toy 
rrarepa eavrov. en Se. avrou /xaKpav drre)(pvros etcW 
airrdy o rrarrjp avrov kcu ecnrXayxyicrOr] kcu Spapiuv cttc- 

7TCO"€I/ €7Tt TO^ Tpa)(T)XoV CLV70V KCU KarecfziXrjCTeV OLVTOV. 

21 eiTrev Se. d mds aura) Ilarcp, rj/JLapTOV els Toy oupaiw 
/cat eycoVtdy crov, ovkItl elpl a£cos KXyjOrjvcu vlos crov ['Trot'- 

22 Tyoroj/ //,€ cos cti/a tcoV /juctOlmv crov]. €t7rey Se d rrarrjp 
rrpos rovs SovXovs avrov Tayy e^eveyKare crroXrjv rrjv 

7TpCJT7]V KOL IvDvCTOTC CLVTQV, KOL COT€ &GLKTvXlOV €t? TTjV 

23 X € ^P a a ^ T0 ^ K0LL VTroSy/JLara els tovs rroSas, Kat <f>epere rov 
/xdcr^ov Toy crtrevTov, #rcraT€ /cat cfcayovres evcfipavOSfiev, 

24 ort oirros dvtds jU,oi> veKpos rjv kcu r dve£,r)crev n , 't]v a7roXojXws 

25 /cat evpeOrj. Kat yjp^avro evcfrpcLLvecrOcu. tjv Se o vlos auroi; 
d it peer [$vt epos ev aypa)' Kat a>? epyo\xevos rjyyicrev Trj otKta, 

26 rjKovcrev avfJLcf)(x)vcas Kat ^opaJv, Kat 7rpocrKaXecrafxevos eva 

27 Tc3f TratScov eirvvOdveTO ri dv elr] raura" d 8e cTttc^ aurcu 
ort 'O dSeXcf)6s crov rjKei, kcu Wvcrev 6 rrarrjp crcv rov 

28 p.6o~ypv tov crtreurdv, ort i/ytatVovra avrov a7TeXaj3ev. cJp- 
yicrOrj Se Kat ovk rjOeXev elcreXOew. 6 Se. irarrjp avrov 

29 e£eX9d)v 7rapeKaXei avrov. o Se drroKpidels elrrev rw irarpl 



-lyefxiacu t,)v kol- 
\iav avrov r 



efrircv 



1 62 



RATA AOYKAN 



XV XVI 



avrov 'iSou Tooravra %.ir\ SovXevo) aoi koll ouSe7roT€ iv- 
cptyiov roXijv aov 7raprj\9ov, koll e/xot ovSe7rore eStoKas r €pL<f>ov n 

iVa fJLcra 7W <J>lXlov jjlov evcfrpavOuj' ore Se 6 vlos aov 30 
•jw ovtos 6 KaTa<f>ayu)V aov rov /3tov jjl€t<x t iropvLov rjXOev, 

eOvaos aura) rov airevrov pLoaypv. o Sc €t7T€i/ aurw 31 
TeKvoVy av ttclvtotz jxer ifxov €t, koll iravra ra e/xa aa 
lariv* €V(j>pav6rjvai Se koI yapyjvai eSet, otl 6 a8cXc/>os 32 
(jov ovros veKpos rjv koX e^rjaev, Kat a7roXa)Xajs /cat cvpe- 

"EXeyei/ Se Kat Trpos rovs pLaOrjTas "AvOpanros Tts tjv i 
7rXoi;crtos os et^ev oIkovojjlov, kcll ovtos $Le/3\y]6r] olvtcd o5s 
SiaaKop7TL^ow ra virap^ovra clvtov, koI cfatovrjaas olvtov z 
€i7rev ai)T(2 Tt tovto olkovlo rrepl aov ; a7rdSos rov Xoyov 
rrjq oIkovojjllols aov, ov yap Svvyj eVt otKoro/x etj/. etTrev 3 
Se eV eavTto o olkovojjlos Tt wotTjad) otl o KvpLos jjlov 
ac/)atpetrat ttjv oIkovo[JLlolv air i/xov ; aKairTZW ovk la^ya), 
eVatTeti/ alayyvopLaL* eyvwv tl Trot^cra), tVa 6rai> /xeraoTa- 4 

Ou) €K T7]S OLKOVOJJLLOLS Se'faWTat [A€ etS TOVS OtKOL'S ioLVTLOV. 

/cat 7rpoaKaXcad{ievos eva eKaoTov tlqv ^peoc^tXerali/ rov 5 
KvpLov eavTov eXeyev t<3 7rpcoTco Jloaov oc^etXets tw 
KvpLio fiov ; o Se et7rej/ E/caToi^ /3oltovs iXcLov 6 Se 6 
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oc/)€tXets ; o Se et7rev 'EKaroV Kopous airov Xeyet av- 
7(1) Ae£at crou rot ypapLfxara /cat ypaxf/ov oyhorjKOVTa. 
/cat €7rrjV€a£V o KvpLos rov olkovo jjlov ttjs a8t/ctas ort cjypovL- 8 

p.(DS lirOLTjaeV* OTL 61 VLOL TOV OLLLOVOS TOVTOV cj>pOVLJJL(DT€pOL 

v~ep tovs vlovs tov </>o)tos €ts tt;i/ ycveai/ T^r eavra)!/ 
ctcrtV. Kat €yw v/xtv Xeyco, eaurots iroLiqaaTe tfriXovs 9 
€/c tou /xa/xojva ttJ? aSt/cta?, tra orav IkXCtttj Sefwvrat v/xas 
€t? ras atwvtov? aKTjvas. o TTLaros Iv eXa^t'crra) /cat ci/ 10 
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XVI RATA AOYKAN 163 

12 ovk iyivecrde, to akrj9tvov Tts vjjllv 7rtcrreucret ; kolI et iv 

T<3 dXXoTplU) TTKTTOL OVK kykveO~d^ TO ^XteTepOl/ 1 TtS ^GXTet 

13 u/xu^ ; OuSets oikItt]^ hvvarai Sucrt Kupt'ots SovXcvclv 77 
yap tov eVa jxto-rjaei koll tov erepov ayaTrrjcreL, ij eVds dvOi- 
feTat /cat rov erepov Kara^povrjcrci. ov Svvacr6c #ea> 

14 SovXevetv koll /xa/xoova. "Hkovov Se ravra irdv- 
tlx ol <E>apto~atot cf>i\apyvpoL vTrapypvTes, koX i£efxvKTT]pi- 

15 tpv avToV. koI eXirev auVots 'Y/xets €C7Te OL SiKOUOVVTeS 
eavTovs IvixiTTiov twv dv6pu>7rojv, 6 Se #eds ytrcooTcet Tas 
KapStas u/xan/* oTt to eV avOpwirois vKJ/rjXov /3Se'A/uy/xa eVw- 

16 7TLOV TOV 6eOV. O VO/XOS KOLL OL TrpofyrJTOLL fJL€)(pL Io)dvOV 

diro tot€ tj /3acrtAeta tou 6eov euayyeAt£eTat koll 7ras ets 

17 auT^y /3ta£eTat. Eu/co7rajTepo^ Se Icftlv tov ovpavov koll 

ty]V yrjv irapeXdeLV 17 tou vofxov r /xtar Kep£av n 7T€o~€iv. Kepiav /j.Uv 
i3 lias d aVoAi;a>i> t??v yvvaLKa avTov koll ya/xwi/ eYepai/ 
jjiOL^eveif kcu 6 aVoAeAu/xeV^v airo aVSpds yajjitov /xot- 

19 x € v€L. "AvOpwTTos Se Tts rjv 7tXovo-los } kclI eVe- 
S'-SucrKeTO 7rop<pvpav /cat j3vo-o~ov euc^patyd/xei/os /ca#* *7/*€- 

20 par Xa/X7rpa)S. 7TTO)^ds Se' Tts ovo/xaTt Aa£apos ifiefBXrjTO 

21 7rpds tov TruAava ai3rou etAKco/xeVos Kat £ttl6v[jl<2v ^opTa- 
cr8rjvaL aVd twv ttltttovtwv airo Trjs Tpa7re^rj<s tov 7rXov- 
ctlov aAAa Kat 01 Kwes IpypixevoL eVeAet^oy Ta cA/ct^ 

22 auTOu. eyeVeTO Se d7roOave.Lv tov tttw^ov Kat d7reve^6rjvaL 
avTov vtto twv dyyiXwv ets rev koA7toi> 'A/?paa/x* aVe- 

23 #avei/ Se /cat d 7rAoi>o~tos Kat eVac^-ty. koX Iv to> a§>7 ^, 
eVapas tous 6cf>6aXpL0v<; avTov, virdp^wv Iv /3acrdVots, 

opa AfSpadfi, oVd fiaKpoOev Kat Aa£apoi> eV Tots koA- 

24 7rots avTOu. Kat auTos c^wyr/cras et7rei/ IlaTep 'A^paa/x, 
eAe^crov /xe Kat 7re/xi^oi/ Ad^apov Tva fidij/r) to aKpov tov 
SaKTvXov avrov uSaTOS Kat KaTaxbvErj ttjv yXQcradv jjlov, 

25 OTt oowdj/xat ev t^ c/)Aoyt Tavrr], et7rev Se 'A/?paaxt Te- 
kvov, ixvr)o-6r]TL otl aTre'Aa/^es Ta dyaOd crov iv Trj far} 
cov, Kat Aa£apos d/xotws id KaKa* i'W Se (SSe TrapaKaAet- 



164 RATA AOYKAN XVI XVII 

Tat av Se oSwacrat. Kat iv 7rao-t tovtois iiera^i) rjfxQv 26 
Kat i5/xc3]/ xaoyxa /xeya cor^pt/crat, 6770)9 ot 6£Xovt€$ cta- 
fSrjvau tvOev Trpos rxtas /x?7 Swoovrat, ytt^Se cKtiQtv Trpos 
^/xas StaTTcpajcrtv. et7rev Se 'Epwraj <re ow, 7raVep, tva 27 
7r€fA\]/r}s avrov et? roV oTkoi/ tou iraTpos fiov, e^/a) yap 7reVre 28 
aSeAc^ou?, otto)? Sta/xaprup^rat aurot?, ua /x?) Kat aurot 
tXOaxJLV etg tov tottov tovtov rfjs fiaadvov. Aeyet Se 29 
'AfipadfJL E^ovcrc Mwuo-e'a Kat reus Trpoc^ras* a/cou- 
craTuaav olvtqjv. 6 Se cirrey Oi'^i, 7rarep *A/3paa/x, 30 
aAA' edV rt? aVo i/eKpu)i/ 7rop€v6fj ?rpos auroi;? fxeravorj- 

(TOVCTLV. €L7T€V Se aVTCO Et MoUUCTeW KOLI TW 7TpO(f)r)T(2v 31 

ovac aKovovcLV, ovS lav tls Ik veKpujv avaaTrj TreKjOrjcrov- 
rai. 

YXttzv Se TTpo? tovs p.a6r]Ta<; avrov Av£v§€ktgv icrrtv i 
tov tol cTKaVSaAa fjurj iXdetv, 7rXr}v oval St' ov ep^erar 
AucrtreAet ai!rw et \l6os [jlvXlkos 7reptKetrat 7rept tov Tpd- 2 
■^rjXov avrov Kat cpptTrrat ets riyv OdXaacrav fj tVa cr/cavSa- 
XtciTy twv /juKpcov tovtoiv kva. 7rpoo~e^€.r€ ea-urots. eW 3 
ajjidprrj 6 aSeAc^os o~ov iTziTipaqcrov avrw, Kat eW ficravoy]- 
o~r] ac£e? aura)' Kat lav CTrraKt? TTys >7/xepas afiaprrjo-rj et? 4 
ere Kat e-TrraKts eVtcrTpet/^ 7rpo? ere Xeywv Meravow, ac^Ty- 
crets aura). Kat etrrav ot a7rocrToAot ra) Kvptco 5 

npd(7#€S ^/XtV TTIO-TLV. €t7T€V Sc O KVpLGS Et e^CTC 7rtCTTtV CO? 6 

kokkoj/ o-tva7rea>s, eAeyere ay ttJ o"t>Ka/xtVa> [ra^T??] 'EKpt- 
^wOyjtl Kat cjivrevOvfTt iv Trj OaXdo-ay Kat virrjKovcrev av 
vjjuv. Tts Se ef iJ/xojv SouAoi/ e^wv aporptaWa 7 

77 7rot/xatVovra, og etcreX^ovTt eK tou dypov epet aura) Ev- 
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0"OV rt 8et7TV7yo"a), Kat irepi^crdfxcvo^ 8ta/<o^et ttot ews 
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utJ e^et \dpiv t<3 8ovAa> ort i7rotyjcrev ra Stara^Oevra ; 9 
ourws Kat vfACLS, orav 7roiijo-r]Te irdvTa ra Stara^divTa 10 
v/xt^j Xe'yere ort AouXot a^petot io-fxev, 6 aj(£etAo/xe T / 



XVII KATA AOYKAN 

7TOnJ<7(H 7T€7rOt^Ka/X€V. 



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elcrep^ojjiivov clvtov cts rtra KWfirjv airrjvTrjcrav^ Se/<a 

13 Xe7rpot avSpcg, ot r avicrTrjo'av 1 7roppto9ev, Kat aurot ?7pav 

14 cjycjvrjv Xiyovres Irjcrov ln'idTara, iXerjo-ov 77/xa?. /cat 
tSojj/ ct7rci/ auTcts II opev9ivT€s eTTlAei2<vre eavrovs TOIC 
lepefciN. Kat iyivero iv t<3 virdyuv clvtovs iKaOaptaOrj- 

15 crav. cts oe e£ avrwi/, toa>j/ ort tac^, VTrecrTpeyev p.era 

16 c/xoi/tJs p.€yd\r)<; So£a£a>v toV #€0^, Kat hr€XT€V eVt 7rp6ao)7rov 
7rapa tovs 7rdSa5 atroi) ev^apccrrcov glvtu)* koll clvtos tjv 

17 ^afxapeLTrjs. <X7roKpi6a.<z Se d 'I^crous ct7T€i/ Ol»^ ot SeKa 

18 CKaOapLcrOrjcrav ; ot [Se] ivvia ttov ; ou^ evpe9r]0"av viro- 
cTTpiil/avTes Sovvoll Sdfav tw 0€a> €t //.?} d aXXoyev^s ovtos ; 

19 Kat €ltt€V aura) Avacrras iroptvov rj 7rto~Tts o-ov o~€o~a)- 
kcV o-e. 

20 E7r€pa)-n7#ets Se £71-0 7W ^>aptcratW 7rdre tpyzrai r) 
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22 eVros v/jl<2v eortV. Et7rev Se 7rpds tovs [AaOrjTas 
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23 i?tov tov dvOpwirov tSetv Kat ovk o-J/€cr9e. koll ipovcrLV 
vjjllv 'iSou r €/cet rp 'IS01; (SSc fxrj [aVeX^Tyre /XT^Se] StOJ^TC. 

24 (ocnrep yap rj aarpairrj acrTpaTTTOVcra Ik ttJs V7ro tov ovpa- 

VOV €(? T^V V7T OVpaVOV XapLTTCL, 0VTQ)$ €CTTat O UtOS TOl' 

25 dv9p(jJ7rov T , irpLOTOV 8e Set a-urov 7roXXa t:o,9Clv koX airo- eV rrj yjixepa avrov 

26 8oKLfJLacr9rjvaL aVo t^s ycvea? Taijr^?. Kat Ka0ojs iyevtTO 
iv Tats Ty/xepats Nd>e, oi!ra)S eorat Kat er rats 77/xepats to9 

27 vtoi) toi) av^paJ7roi;* 7]o~9lov, Zttlvov, iydjiiovv, iyajjLLXcvTO, 
dxpt rjs rjixipas 6ICHA06N Noie 6IC THN KlBoOTON, Kat 

28 rjX9cv 6 KaraK\x;o-/xos /cat aVwXeo-cv r 7ravras n . o/xotws airo*ra« 



exet, 



1 66 KATA AOYKAN XVII XVIII 

KaSws iyivero iv Tais 77/xepats Aarr* rjvOiov, eVii/ov, 77yd- 
pa£ov, €7rajXoi;y, icfavrevov, gjkoSo/xow' 7} 8e 17/xepa i^rjXO^v 29 
Awt cctto 2o8o/xo)i/, e'BpeleN nfp kai GgTon ah 5 oypanoy 
anavTis koX a7rajXeo"ev r 7rdVras . Kara Ta aura ecrrai rj rjfLepa o 30 

uids rov avQf)U>TTOV air OKokviTT €i at. iv €K€Lvr] 7rj rjfxipa 31 
os ecrrai €7rl toi) Sa!/xaTOS Kat ra crKevr] avrov iv rrj ouaa, 
firj Kara/5ara) apai axVa, Kat o eV aypaJ dp-ouos jmrj 6TTS- 
CTpeyATOO 6IC TA 6n I COO. fxvrjpiGveverc t^s ywai/cds Aarr. 32 
os car tpqrrjCTYj ttjv \j/v)(i]v avrov 7repi7roi7]orao~6ai drroXio-ei 33 
avTTjv, os 8' & aVoXeVei ^oioyovrjcrei auT7?v. Xeya) uxuv, 34 
ravry rrj vvktl caovrai hvo iirl KXivrjs [utas], o cts Trapa- 
\r]lJLcf>6ijcr€TOLL koll 6 erepos dfaOrjcrcrar eaovrai Svo aXy- 35 
Oovcrai iirl to olvto, r\ jiia TrapaX-qpLc^OrjcreTai rj 8e kripa 
dcfreGyjcreTai. kolL aVo/cpit^eVTes Xiyovcruv auru> Hov, kv- 37 
pte ; d Se cTttcv aiVois "Ottot; to crajua, e/cei Kai 01 acrot 
iir icrvva^6r}0~ovT at . 

*EXeyei> 8e rrapafioXrjv axVoTs 7rpds to Se<V 7ravT0Te 1 
7rpoaev^€o- 6 at avrovs Kal p,rj ivKaKuv, Xeyoiv Kpmfs Tts 2 
77V eV Tua TroXei rov 6eov fir/ <pof3ov/JiCvos Kal av9pu)7rov 
[xrj eVrpeTrd/xevos. XVP a ^ V v * v T V 7r ^ ei iKewrj Kal 3 
rjpytTO Trpos avrov Xeyorcra EkS/k^ow /xe aVd rov aV- 
tlSlkov fxov. Kal ovk yjOeXev iirl -^povov, fierd TaxVa Se 4 
ct7T€V eV cavTip Ei /<al toi/ #eoV ov cj>of^ovfJLai ox>3e aV- 
Opunrov eVrpeVo/xai, 8ta ye to rrapi^eiv jjlol kottov ttjv 5 
XVP av TQ-VTrjv iK$LKi]cra) avrt]V, Iva ar} eis TeXos ipypfxivq 
vTru>7ria£ri /xe. Et7rei/ 8e o' Kvpcos ' AKOvcrare tl 6 KptT?ys 6 
T7?s aSiKtas Xiycv 6 8e ^eos ov /x?y Troajo-rj ttjv €K$LKycnv 7 
Ta>r eKXeKTcjv av]-oi5 twv /3ou>vto)v aura> 77/xepas Kal vvktos, 
/cat jjLaKpo6v]X€L eir avrots ; Xeyco v/xty 6Vt 7tolt]0~€L ttjv e/c- 8 
SiKrjcriv avrcov iv Ta^et. ttXt}^ d vtds tot) dvOp^wov iX- 

6(X>V Spa €Vp7]0~€L TTJV TTLCTTLV e7Tt TT^S y^S ', 

YXtt€V 8e Kal 7rpds Tivas tovs 7re7rot6dras e</> eavrots 9 
oTi tlalv SiKatot Kat i^ovOevovvras rovs Xot7roi>s T7?v 7rapa- 



XVIII RATA AOYKAN 167 

10 (3oXr}v TavTrjv. *Av6pa)7roi Svo dveprjcrav cis to Upov 

11 7rpoo~cv£ao-6aL, T cts <3>apto-atos koll 6 crepos reXdvrjs. 6 b 
<&apLO~OLios crra^cis r Tavra 7rpd? cauTOi/" 1 Trpocr^ir^CTO O 7rpb? eavrbj/ ravra 

#€OS, £V^api(TT(JJ CTOt OTL OVK. €t/Xt '"oNTTTCp" 1 Ot Aot7TOt TWl> c!: 

av6pu>7r<i)v, ap7raycs, aSt/cot, /xot^ot, y /cat a5s ovtos 6 re- 

12 AaJnys* vrjarevo} Sts tov o~a/3f3aTOV } aVoSc/caTCuo.) 7rdVra 

13 6Va KTWfxai. 6 Se reXwyrys fxaKpoBev ecrraJs ouk rjdcXev 
ouSc revs 6<p6aXp.ovs eVapat cts rev cvpavov, aAA' €TV7tt€ 
to GTTrj8os kavTov XiyoiV 'O #eds, IXdadrjTL /mot t<I> a/xap- 

14 tcdAw. Aeya) v/xti/, KaTej3rj ovtos SeStfcatw/xeVos cts rdy 
oiKOV od;7o{) 7rap cKCtj/ov ort 7ras o vif/wv eavrov TcnreL- 
V(ti0r)cr€Tai, o Se TaireLvwv kavrov vi^co^Vcrat. 

15 Upocric^epov Se aura> /cat ra /Specfar} tj/a avraji/ diTT-qTai* 

16 tSdvres Se ot /JLaOrjrai eVert/xtM' aurotg. 6 Sc 'Ir/crou? 7rpocr- 
€KaXicraro [aura] Xiywv "Ac/>CTe ra 7ratSta tpytcrOai 7rpos 
/xe /cat, ^77 ko)Xt;£T€ aira, rajy yap roto-uTtov corty 77 j3acrc- 

17 Acta tot) #eo9. a/x??i/ Aeya) TJtuy, os ay /x?7 Sertoli rrjv 
/JacrtAetav rov 6eov ojs 7ratSt'ov, otj /x?7 tlcriXOrj et? avrrjv. 

iS Kat cTrrjpcDTrjcriv rts avrov apywv Xiyu>v AtSacr/axAe 

19 dya0€, tl TTOirjo-as £a)?}y atcJvtoy KXrjpovofxyjao) ; et^ei/ Se 
avrw o 'Itictotjs Tt /xe Ae'yets ayaOov ; otjScis aya#os ct 

20 /xt] eis [o] 0eos. ras eVroAas otSas Mh MOIXeyCHC, Mh 

c()0N6YCHC ; Mh KAeyHc ; » Mh yeyAoMApTYpH- 

21 CHC, TlMA TON TT&TepA COY KAI THN MHTepA. d 8e 

22 ct7r€i/ Tolvtol ttolvtol icf>vXa£a €K vcdr^ro?. aVowas 8e d 
'l7yo"o{;5 eiTrev avra> Ert ei/ crot ActVct* 7ravra ocra e^a$ 
ttwXtjctov kol StaSog 7TTa)^ot?, Kat e^ets 6t]o~avpov Iv \to1^\ 

23 ovpavols, koI Sevpo aKoXovOet /xot. d 8e aKovcras rai;ra 

24 7reptAv7ros iytvrfirj, rjv yap ttXowtlos crc/)d8pa. ISoji/ Se 
avrov [d] '1^(701)5 cTttcv Ila)? Suor/cdAa)? ot ra ^p^/xara 

25 e^ovres cts ttJi/ /SacriXciav rov 6cov elcnropevovTar €vko- 
Trdrepov yap Icrriv KajxrjXov Sta rp^/xaro? ^SeAov^s ctcreA- 
^etv ^ TrAo^crtov cts ttjv /JacrtAetay roi) 6co0 etcrcA^ctj/. 



168 KATA AOYKAN XVIII XIX 

et7rai/ Se ol a/cowai/rec Kat Tt's Swarat <T<i)6rjvai ; o Se 2(5 

7 
et7T€i/ Ta aSvvara 7rapa aV0pw7rots Sahara ?rapa ra) #£a> 

iorTLV. Et7T€i/ Se o Xlerpos 'ISotj ?;p.ets a<£eV- 28 

Tes ra tSta yKoXovOrjaafxiv croc, 6 Se et7rei/ aurots 'AfJirjv 29 

Xeya) i5/xtv on ouSets eortv 6s acfrrJKtv oiklolv rj yvvcuKa rj 

aSeXc/>oi>s rj yovets rj tLkvo. e[v€K€V ttJs /JacrtXetas tov Oeov, 

dTToXaPy I -!e:j-Ta- os ou^t p,?} r \dj3rf r 7roXXa7rXao-cova n eV ra) /catpa) touto) 30 

Kat ev to) atwvt tw ep^ofievio Qcarjv anaviov. 

UapaXafiwv Se rous ScoSeKa et7rei/ Trpos aurovs 'ISotj 31 

aVa/3atVop,ei/ ets ^IcpovaaXrjfji, Kal TeXeo-Orjo-erac TrdVra to. 

yeypap,p,eVa Std twv 7rpo<fcr]TiDV ra> vlio tov dvOp^irov 

7rapaSo6rjcreTaL yap Tots eOvecnv kclL ifXTrai^OrjcreraL Kal 32 

v/3ptcr0r]a€TaL /ecu e/jLTrTvaOrjcreTaiy Kal p,acrTtyaxrai/Tes 33 

a-iroKTevovaLV avrov, i<at rfj rjpLtpa rfj Tptrrj avaorrrjo-e- 

rat. Kat avrol ovSlv tovtcdv crvvrJKav, Kal rjv to prj/ma 34 

TOVTO K€KpVjJLfJL€VOV Ct7T aVTiOV, KClt OVK lyLVOHTKOV Ta XeyO- 

fjieva. 

iVyeveTO oe ev to> eyyt^cu/ auroi> ets lepet^w rvepAos 35 
Tts iKadrjro irapa ttjv 6S6v i-iraLTcov. aKovaas Se o^Xou 36 
av StaTropeuopeVov lTrvv8dve.ro tl t elrj tovto' a7r77yyc1A.cn/ Se 37 

avra) ore lrjcrovs o Nafcopatos irapip^erai, koX ifiorjo-ev 38 
Xeyo)v 'lrjaov vie AauetS, IXirjcrov p.e. kol ol 7rpoayovres 39 
€7T€Tifiwv avTio tVa aiyrjcrrf* avTos Se 7roXX(3 fxaXXov c/cpa- 
£ev Yte AauetS, iXirjaov p.e. o-ra^ets 8e 'It^ctol'S €Ke- 40 
AevGrei' ai'roi/ dyOrjvai 7rpos avrov. iyyi&avTos £>e avrov 
€7rr]pu>TY]cr€V avrov Tt croi deXccs Trot^o-a) ; o* 8e ct- 41 
7T€V K?jpt€, Iva avaf3Xe\j/a). Kat o Irjo~ovs enrev avrS 42 
Avaj3X€iJ/ov rj itlcttis ctov crecrcoKev ere. Kat 7rapa^prj- 43 
p,a avefiXeij/ev, Kal tjkoXovOcl avrcp So^a^coi/ roi/ c^eov. 
Kat 7ras o Xaos tSwv eSco/ce^ aXvov tc3 #ec3. 

Kat cto-eX^cui/ ZuqpyzTO rrjv 'Iepet^w. Kat tSoi> avrjp \ 
oyopart KaXoiJ/xei/os Za/c^atos, Kat avros rjv ap^treXw^s 
kgI^ Kat a-uros" 1 TrXowtos* Kat i^rjrei tSetv roi' 'I^crow rts Icttlv, 3 



XIX RATA AOYKAN 1 69 

KOU OVK rjSvVCLTO OLTTO TOV U)(XoV OTL Tjj yjXlKLCL fJLLKpOS TJV. 

4 Kal TrpoSpafAwv eis to €///7rpoo~#€V avej3r] €7rt crvKOfxopiav 

5 IVa 1877 avrov, otl iKewrjs rjfjLeXXev SUp^crOau Kal w? 
rjXOev €77t tov T07rov, aVa/3A.ei^as [o] 'Irjo-ovs tlirev irpo\ 
avrov ZaK^ale, cnrevcras Kardj3y]9L, cnjfJLtpov yap iv T(3 

6 otKco crou Set /xe /xetmi. Kat o-Trevcras Karij3rj, Kal V7r€&i- 

7 faTO auroV ^aipwv. Kal iSdrres 7toVt€s Stcydyyu^oj/ Ae- 
yovTCs ort Ilapa a/xapTa)Aa> aVSpl elcrfjX8ev KaraXvcraL. 

8 o-Ta^ets Se ZaK^atos cl^ei/ Trpd? toV Kvpiov 'ISotj ra 
rjpiicria piov tw V7rap^ovr(ov, Kvpi€ f [rols] tttw^ols SlSidjjll, 

9 Kai ct Ttvos tl icrvK0<f>dvT7]cra <X7roSt§a)/xt T€Tpa7rAo7jj/. cTttcv 
Se 7rpos avrov [d] 'I^o-oO? otl ^yjfxepov crarr^pi'a tc3 oikcd 
TOvTip iyivcTO^ kcl96ti /cat avrog vlds A/3padjjL [eaTiv]' 

10 rjXOev yap 6 vlos tov dv6pu>irov ZflTrjaai Kal aojcrai to 
a7roAa)Ads. 

11 'Akovovtoov Se avrwi/ Taf;ra nrpocrOels elirev 7rapaj3oXrjv 
Sea to iyyvs etvai 'iepoucaA??^, avrov Kal Sokclv avrovs otl 
irapa^pfjiia /jlcXXcl y /^acriAeia tov 6eov aVac^aiVecr^ai' 

12 elirev ovv "Avdpunros tis evyevrjs eTropcvdrj cts ywpav 

13 fxaKpdv XajStLV eauTcS fiacrcXeLav Kal VTroo-rpeij/aL. KaAecras 
8e SeKa SoijAous iavrov cSooKev avTOis Se/<a /xvas Kal cnrey 

14 7rpos r aijTOi>9 7rpayjxaT€vo-ao-6ai n iv a> ep^ofiai. Ot 0*6 7ro- avrov? npay/xa- 

trat avTov e.fiLO~ovv avrov, Kat a7reo~reLAav 7rpeo~puav 
oVicra) ayrou AeyovTe? Ou OiXofiev tovtov /3acriAei;o-at 

15 ecp 77/xa?. Kai eyei/€To ev to> €7rav£Au€LV avTov Aapovra 
rrjv (3o.cnX€Lav Kal tlirtv <f>wvr]6r}vaL avrw tovs SovXovs 
tovtovs ots SeSwKCt to dpyvpiov, Iva yvol ti SieTrpayjiaTev- 

16 cravTO. 7rap€yeVcTO Se d 7rpa)ros Xeywv Kvptc, 77 /xva 

17 o-ov 8eKa irpco-rjpydo-aTO /xvas. Kat etTrev avrw r Euyc , Ev 
dyaOe SovXe, otl iv eXa^tcrTO) ttlcttos iyevov, Io~6l i^ovatav 

18 e^wv e7rava) SeKa 7t6Xc(jl)V. Kal rjXdev 6 SevTepos Xeyuv H 

19 fivai o~ov, Kvpi€, £7roL7]cr€V 7reVrc /xvas. €i7T€V Be Kal tov- 

20 to) Kal cttj £7rdvu> yivov irivTe TroXewv. Kal 6 tTtpos 



170 KATA AOYKAN XIX 

yX6ev Xeyosv Kupte, tSoi; y /xva crov yv eT^ov a,7roK€t/xe- 
vyv iv (TOvSapLio* i^ofiovfxyv yap ere otl avOpwos av- 21 

<TT7]p6<$ €t, at/3€t$ O OUK edyKa^ KCU Oepi^eiS O O^/C €0"7T€t- 

pas. Acyet auTcS 'E/c toi) oro/^aros crou Kpivo) ae, 22 
irovype hovXe* r/Sets on eyco avOpiDTros avarypos ci/xt, 
aipoiv o ol>k euyKOL kcll vepiL^v o ovk ecnreipa ; /cat ota Tt 23 
ouk e'SwKas fiov to apyvpiov itrl Tpo.ire^av ; Kaya> iX6<i>v 
o~vv toko) aV avro €7rpa£a„ Kat rots 7rapeoTc3cru/ €t7T€r 24 
*ApaT€ dir avTov ryv jjlvolv kcu Sotc tw ras Se/ca /xi/as 
exorrr— kcu elirav olvto) 'Kvpte, e^ei Se/ca /xraV— Aeyco ^5 
£/xti/ otl iravTi tw c^ovti So^crcTat, diro Se tot; /xt; 

€^OT/TOS KCU O tyei dp6yCT€TaL. UXyV TOVS IxOpOVS jULOV 27 

toutous tovs (xy QeXycravTas jjl€ /3acriXevcrai iir clvtovs 
ayayere wSe /cat Kara<r<£a£aT€ aiVovs e/X7rpoo~0eV jjlov. Kat 28 
€t7ra5y TaiVa e7ropei;£TO ejJL7rpocr6ev dvafiatvaiv ets 'Icpocro- 
Xi;/xa. 

Kat eyeveTO aSs yyyLaev els J$y9<£>ayy kcu ~By9avLcl 29 

7T/0OS TO 0/30? TO KaXoVfJLeVOV 'EXatW^, a7T€0"T£tX€r SuO TCOI/ 

fxaOyrwv Xeyoyv YirayeTe els Tyv KaTevavTi Ktofxyv, iv rj 30 
€to"7rop€fo/xci/ot evpycreTe 7ra)y\or SeSefievov, icj> ov ovSels 
7TW7roTe dvOpwTTUtv ei<d6icrev } Kat XvcravTC? auroV ayaycre. 
/cat edV Tts {>/xas epcom Ata Tt Xvcre ; outgo? epetre 31 

OTt O KVpLOS aVTOV ^pCtW €^Ct. a7TcX^01/TeS $€ Ot aVc- 32 

o~Ta\fJL€VOL evpov Ka6(jjs eTirev olvto'ls. Xvovto)V Se clvtojv 33 

TOl^ 7r<i3XoV CLTTaV OL KVpiOl CLVTOV 7TpO<S CLVTOVS Tt Xv €T€ 

tov tt(LXov ; ot Se €t7ra^ 6Vt 'O /cuptos avroi) -^petav c^a. 34 
Kat yycuyov civtov irpos tov lycrovv, Kat iTripuj/avres olvt<2v 35 
Ta IfxaTia IttI tov wcoXov lTre/3LJ3acrav tov 'lycrovv iropevo- 36 
[xivov he avTov v7recrTp(x)vvvov ra t/xaTta ea^Twi/ ci/ T]J 
oSo). eyyt^o^Tos oe aurox) 97S77 7rpos t^ KaTaf3dcrei tov 37 
Opous T(ov 'EXataji^ yp£avTO dirav to ttXyjOos Ttov /JiaOyTwv 
\aipovTes cuvelv tov 6eov cjxovrj jxeydXy irepl 7rao~u)V <hv 
<dhov BvvdjxeoiVy XeyovTes 3 S 



XIX XX 



KATA AOYKAN 



171 



EyAOf-HMeNOC r 6 ep^OMeNOC, bv.bep X 6^vo^ 

o -1 fiao-iXevs, 6N onomati Kypi'oy 

iv OVpaVCO €Lp7]V7] 

kcll So£a iv vipiaTOLS. 

39 Kat tlv€s tcov <j>aptcratW aVo tov o^Xou et7rai/ irpos av- 

40 toV AtSao-KaXe, iiZLTLprqcrov rots jJLaOrjrats crov. kcll 
aVoKpt^ets cTttcv Aeyco r vjJLLv i 1 iav ovtol ctlcotttj crov (rev, v-^lv 5n 

41 ot Xt#ot Kpci^ovcTLV. Kat ws yyyicrev, tStoV tt}i/ 

42 TroXtr €K:XartTCV eir avryv, Xeycov on Et eyi/cos eV T77 
ijfjiipa ravrrj kcll o~v t<x Trpo? elpyvrjv— vvv o\ iKpv- 

43 )3rj a7ro ocjyOaXfxtov crov. on rj^ovcrcv rjfxipat eVt ere koll 
r 7rap€/x/?aXoi)crti/~ l ol i^OpOL crov ^apaKa* croi kcll TrepLKVKkca- Trepipa\ov<nv 

44 ctovctlv ere kcll crvv££ ovctlv ere 7rdvTo6ev, /cat eAA(f>IOYCIN ere 
Kat T<\ T6KNA COY iv trot, Kat ovk acfarjcrovcrLV XlOov eVt 
XlOov iv ctol, av(f cov ovk lyvcos tov KatpoV rrjs eVtcrK07n7S 

45 crov. Kat elaeXQcov ets to tepoV rjp^aro iKJ3dX- 

46 Xetv tovs 7riL)XovvTas, Xeywv avTOts ViypairraL Kai 6CTAI 
oTkOC MOY OIKOC npoceyXHC, v/xcts Se avVoV eVoofcraTC 

ctthAaion Ahctoon. 

at ^v otoao"Kwv to Kat/ rjfxepav ev tw tepco* ot oe 
ap^tepets Kat ot ypa/x/xaTets e^row avroV aVoAeo-at kcll ot 
48 7rpajTOt tov Xaov, Kat cv^ rjvpLcrKov to tl ttoltjctcoctlv, 6 
Xao? yap aVas i^€KpiixcTO olvtov clkovw. 



1 Kat eycVcTO iv /xia tguV y/mepcov StSatrKOVTOS av70v toi/ 
Xadv €1/ too tepw Kat £vayyeXt£o/xeVov iiricrTycTav ot clpyLZ- 

2 pets Kat ot ypa/x/xaT€ts crvi/ Tots 7rpccr/?v7epot9, Kat etTrav Xe- 
yovTes 7rpos clvtov YAtzov rjfjuv iv ttolcl i^ovcrta tclvtcl ttol- 

3 cts, rj Tts icrTLV 6 Sovs crot ttjv i^ovcrtav TcxvTiqv. aVoKpt#€ts 
Se €L7T€V 7rpos avrovs 'EpcoTTycTco v//,as Kayto Xoyov, Kat 

4 ct7raT€ fxoL To /5a7TTtcr/xa Icoai/ov ef ovpavov rjv y i£ 

5 dv0pco7ra)V ; ot 8e crv^eXoytcravTO 7rpos eavTOvs XeyovTes 
ort 'Eav ctTTco/xev 'Ef ovpavov, cpet Ata Tt ovk €7rt- 



172 RATA AOYKAN XX 

crrevaare avrut ; eav 8e etVw/xev 'Ef av#paj7ra)v ? 6 Xads 6 
(iTras /caraXt^acret tjpidg, 7re7T€tcr/x€^os yap Icttlv 'ludvrjv 
TrpcxpyjTrjv elvaf /cat dir€Kpi6rjo~av per] elScvai ir69ev, /cat ^ 

Irjorovs €L7T€V avrots OvSk eyoj Xeyco vplv iv ttolcl i£ov- 
crta tolvtcl 7rotw. HpfaTo Se 7rpds tov Xadv g 
Xc'yetv ttjv TrapafioXrjv Tavrrjv v Av#pa)7rog 6({)Y T €YC€N 
AMTTeAoONA, /cat i^eSero avrov yeoopyot?, /cat air eSypLrj a ev 
Xpovovs t/cavovs. /cat /catpu> aVeoTetAev 7rpos tovs yccopyovs io 
Sov\ov } tva a7T0 tov Kap7TGv tov dpurreXiovos Sooo~ovcrtv avra)' 

01 Se yewpyot efa7re'o-retXav avrov Setpavres /cevdv. /cat h 
TrpocriOtTO erepov rre/x^at SovXov ol Se /ca/ceti/ov SetpavTes 
Kat dripido'avre^ l^air io~ T^iXav kzvov. koX rrpoaiOero Tpirov 12 
7T€p\]/ai' ot Se Kal tovtov Tpav/xartVavres efe/3aXov. €L7r€V 13 
oe 6 Kvpios rov dpareXoiVOS Tt 7rot^cra) ; irepaj/oy rov vlov 
tiov tov dyaTrrjTOV to~a)s roi)roi' Ivt parrr\GOVT ai, tSdvTes 14 
6e avrov ot yeoopyot SieXoyt£ovTO 7rpds aXXrjXovs Xeyov- 
res Ovrds €0"rtv d /cX^povd/xos* a7ro/CTetva)/xev avrov, tva 
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53 Xow ; Ka#' rjfxipav ovtos jjlov /xe#' vjjlidv iv r<2 tcpo) ov- 
/c i^eretvare Tas ^etpas ^tt' c/xe* aXX avny ccrrti/ Vfjujjv 
7] wpa Kat ?J e£ovo~ta tgv o-kotovs. 

54 2uXXa/3oVT€s Sc ai/rdy rjyayov /cat elayjyayov ct? t^i/ 
ot/ctav tou ap^tepews* d Se IleVpos 7;/coXo^ct jJLdKpoOev, 

55 7rcptai^avTa)v Sc 7ri)p cV ttco-o> t^? auXiJs Kat crvvKaOiddv- 

56 TO)i/ iKadrjTO 6 H erpos p.ccros aurw. tSoiVa 8e avToi/ 
7rat8tcrK7y Tt? Ka6yj[JL€vov 7rpo9 to c/>o)s Kat arevicracra avrQ 

57 €t7T€V Kat ovtos crvv avrw ^v d 8c ripvrjcraTO Xc- 

58 yow Otjk ctSa avrdy, ywai. Kat p,€Ta fipayy erepos 
iSwv avrov ecf>r] Kat cru e£ auro)j/ cr d Sc II cVpos 

59 ec/»7 *Av0pa>7T€, ovk ct/xt. Kat Stao-Tao-^s cucret o)pas ptas 
aXXos Tts 8tto-^vpt^€TO \£y(x)V E7T aX^^eta? Kat ovtos 

60 /act' ai3T0i) ^i/ ? Kat yap TaXtXatds co"Tti/* ct7rcv Sc o IIc- 
Tpos v Ai/^pa)7rc, o-uk ot8a o Xcyct?. Kat Trapayjpfjfia Ztl 

61 XaXov^TO? avTOv cc/xm^crcf a\€KTU)p. Kat o"fpac/>cts o 
Kvptos ivefiXeij/ev t<3 IIcTpa), Kat virepLvrjvQiq 6 IIcVpos tov 
pr][JLGLTOS TOV KVptOV 0)9 et7TCI/ aV7<3 OTt ITptv aXtKTOpa 

62 <j>Q>vfj<TOLL (T7]lJL€pOV d7rapV7](Trj fJL€ Tpt9. [Kat c£cX#0)l> C^O) 

63 CKXaDcjev 7rtKpo)9.] Kat ot av8pcs ot ctdvc^ov- 

64 tcs auToi/ Iviiraitpv avtio 8epovTC9, Kat irepiKaXvij/avTes av- 



180 RATA AOYKAN XXII XXIII 

TOV i7T7]pu>T(x)V X£yOVT€S TLpO^rjTCVCTOV, TtS COTtV O TTat- 

craq ere ; kcu cVcpa 7roXXd fiXao-fyrjfxovvrcs cXcyov eU avrov. 65 
Kat aSs eyeVero ^/xepa, avvrjx^V to TrpzvfSvripiov rov 66 
Aaov, dpxtcpets re Kat ypa/x/xaTets, Kat airrjyayov avrov cts 
to avviSpiov aviw, Xeyovres El crv ct o xptoros, ct7rov 67 
^/xty. €t7rcv 8e avVots Eav v/xtv ct7ra) ov [xrj 7rtoT€v- 
H>] airoAvo-TjTe P- crrjre' eav oe epwrrjcrui OV /X^ aiTOKplUrjT€ . a7TO TOV 1/UV 0€ 6g 

carat 6 yioc toy ^NGpocynoy ka0hm6noc Ik AgIioon thc 
AyNAMeooc TOY 0€of. et7rai/ 8e ttoVtcs St; ovV ct o vtos 70 
tov #€ov ; o Se 7rpos avTovs c^ Y/xcts Xe'ycTC on cya> 

€t/ut; r €Lfii.~ l 61 Se et7rav Tt crt e^ofxev /xapTvptas xpet'ai/; avTOt 71 

yap rjKovcrafx^v a7ro tov (Tto/jloltos avrov, Kat 1 

aVaoTaV airav to 7rXrj9os avrcov rjyayov avrov eVt rov 
IJetXaYor. rjp^avro Sc KarrjyopeLi/ avrov Xiyovres Tov- 2 

Aj>. rov evpafxev hiacrrpi^ovra ro Wvos rjfjiwv Kat KmXvovra 

<f>6povs KatVapt StSoVat Kat XcyovTa kavrov ypicrrov (3a- 
criXia ctVat. o Sc IIctXaTOS rjpu>rr)o-ev avrov Xeycov 2i> 3 
€t o /3ao~tXcvs rwv 'IovSaiun' ; o Sc aVoKpt#ets avrw c<£?7 

Acyet?; ^v r Xeycts. n o Se IIctXaTOS ct/rei/ 7rpo5 rovs ap^tcpets 4 

Kat tov? o^Xovs OvSev cvptcrKa) atVtoi/ cV tw dvQpdnrw 
Tovra). ot Sc iiricrxyov Xiyovres on 'Avacretet toV XaoV 5 
StSao"KO)r Ka0' 0X775 rrjs 'IovSatag, Kat dp^dfxevos aVo t^s 

^/» FaXtXatas cws wSc. IIctXaTos Se aKovoras lir-qpur-qo-ev ct 6 

[o] avvpunros TaXtXatos icrrtv, Kat cVtyvovs ort ck rfjs 7 
efovcrtas HpwSov ecrTtv aVeVe/xi/fci/ avTOi/ 7rpos 'HpwSiyi^, 
oi^Ta Kat avTov ei/ Iepoo"oXv/xots ei' TavVats Tats ^/xc- 
pat?, e O 8e 'HpwS?;? tSwi/ tov 'I770-OVI/ e^ap?; XtW, tjv 8 
yap c£ tKai/c3i/ ^pdva)]/ OiXwv iSetv avrov 8ta to aKOvct^ 
7rcpt avTov, Kat rjXiri^iv ri cr^ttetov tSetv V7r' avrov ytvo- 
[azvov. i7rrjpwra 8e avToi/ ei/ Xoyots tKavots* avros 8c 9 
ovSev a7TCKptVaTO avTw. tcrT^Keto"av 8e ot apvtcpcts Kat 10 
ot ypa/x/xaTcts cvtoVws Karrjyopovvres avrov. l^ovOcvrjo-aq n 

/cal Se avTor T o e HpwS^9 o-vv Tot? o-TpaTcv/xacrti/ avrov Kat c/x- 



XXIII 



KATA AOYKAN 



ISI 



Tratfas 7repij3aXojv io~9r}ra Xajxirpav dveTrefiij/ev avrov tw 

12 IletXaTa). 'Eyevovro 8e <f>i\oL o re 'HpwS^s Kat o IletAa- 
tos iv avrrj rrj rjpiepa p,er aXXrjXoiv 7rpov7rrjp)(ov yap iv 

13 e^Opa ovres 7rpos avrovs. IletAaros 8e ctvvkol-' 
XecroLfjievos tovs ap^tepcts koll tovs ap^pvras Kat tov Aaoy 

14 C17TCJ/ 7TpOS OLVTOVS HpO(TYJV€yKaT€ /XOt TOV av9pO)7TOV TOV- 

rov o5s aTTcarpecjiovTa tov Xaov, Kal iSov iyoi ivoj-iriov vpLwv 
dvoLKpivas ov9ev evpov iv to dv9poj>7roj tovtoj oItlov toy 

15 Karrjyope'iTe kolt avrov' aAA' ovSe. 'HpojoV;?, ai/e7re/x^€i/ 
yap avrov Trpos Tinas' Kal tSov ovSev a£tcy Oavdrov iarlv 

2 g 7T€7rpayp.ivov airrar 7ratSev(ra<s ovv avrov aVoXrcrw. aVe- 
Kpayov Se 7rav7rXrj9el Xeyovres ATpe tovtov, drroXvorov 

19 §e Ty/xtV rov Bapa/3/3aV* Sans rjv Sta <Txao-tv Ttva yevo- 
/xevrjv iv rrj iroXet Kal cfaovov /3Xr)9els iv rrj <pvXaKrj. 

20 irdXiv Se 6 ITetXaros 7rpoo~e<fi(ovr]o-ev avTots, OiXaiv diroXv* 

21 o~at rov 'Irjcrovv. cl Se i7re<pu)vovv Xeyovres Ziravpov 

22 aravpov avrov. 6 Se rpirov elirev irpos avrovs Tt yap 
KaKOV iTTotrjcrev ovtos ; ovSev atrtov 0avarov evpov iv 

23 avT<j)' TratScixras ovv avrov a7roXvcro). ol Se iireKeivro 
cj>o)va7s fieydXats alrovfxevoL avrov r o-Tavpw9rjvai n , Kal 

24 Karicr^yov al <£a)j/ai avroZv. Kat IIciA.aro5 eireKpivev yeve- 

25 o"0at to alrrjfia avroZv diriXvcrev Se rov Sid crrdciv Kal 
<t>6vov fie/SXrjfievov els cfrvXaKrjv bv tjtovvto, rov Se. Irjcrovv 
rrapeSojKev to) OeXyfJLarc avrwv. 

26 Kat cos r airrjyayov n avrov, iTriXajBoficvoi Si/xawa Tiva 
JLvprjva7.ov ipyppievov air aypov i7re9rjKav avrw tov arav- 

27 pov <j>epew o7ncr9ev tov Irjcrov. 'HkoXovOcl Se avrw ttoXv 
7rXrj9os tov Xaov Kal yvvaiKcov at iKOirrovro Kal iOprjvovv 

28 auroV. crrpa^ets Se 7rpo? avrds 'I^croi;? cittcv ©iryarc- 
pcs lepovaaXrjpi, fxrj K.XaUr€ iir ipi€' rrXrjv i(f> eauras 

29 KXaUre Kal iwl ra TtKva \>{x<2v, on l$ov cp^ovrat ?y/xepat 
cv ats ipovcTLV Ma/captat at orctpat /cat at KOtXtat at 

30 oi?K iyivvrjcrav Kal fiaarol ot ov/c eOpexf/av. tot€ ap^ovrat 



(TTavpwccu 



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1 82 RATA AOYKAN XXIII 

AereiN toic 6'peciN TTecATe ecf)' hmac, kai toTc Boy- 

to NO?C KaAyY^TG HMAC* otl et iv ' vypco fuAo) Tama 31 

TTOtovaiv, iv tg3 £r)p<j) tl ykvqrai ; "HyovTO Se koll erepot 32 
KCLKovpyoi Svo o~vv avTw avaLpeOrjvaL. Kal ore 33 

rjXOav iiri tov T07rov tov KaXovfievov Kpai/tov, e/cet ecrrai;- 
pwcrav aurdv Kal toijs KaKoupyoi>9, 6V jxev Ik Se£ta3v 6V Sc 
i£ dptorcpajV. |[d Se 'I^croCs eAeyev Ildrcp, etches auTots, 34 
ov yap oloao-LV tl ttoiov(Tiv.~\ AlAMepiZOAAGNOI 6e T<\ IM&- 
TIA AYTOf eBAAON KAhfpON. Kal IctttJkcl 6 Aads 0600- 35 
pa3N. eleMYKTH piZON 8e Kal ot apxovres Ae'yovT€S *AA- 
\ovs €<T(x)(T€V, craxraTto lavrov, et ovtos eoTtv o xptoTos toi) 
0eo9, d ZkXcktos. cVeVaifai/ Se avraJ Kal ot oTpaTtooTat 36 
7rpoo-cp^d/xcvoi, OlOC irpocrcfyepovTes avra> Kal AeyovTes Et 37 
cru et o /3acrtAeus twv 'iouSatW, craxrov o-eauToV, 971/ Se 38 
Kal eVtypa^ eV avr£ O BA2IAEY2 TON 10 Y- 
AAION OYT02. Els Se twv KptfiacrOivTuv KaKovpyuv 39 
i/3Xacrcj>7]fX€L avTov Ov^l av et o ^ptoros ; o-a>crov creau- 
toV Kal *>;/xag. aVoKpt^el? Se d erepos iTTLTijjujjv avrco 40 
1^)77 OuSe fofirj cru tov #edv, ort eV tw aura) KpijxaTi et; 
Kal T^p-ets p.ev StKatwg, afta yap cui/ e7rpdfap,£]/ airoXaixfia- 41 
vo/xcv ovtos Se ovSev aT07roi> €7rpafev. Kal eAeyev 'It;- 42 
ev rfi pao-t\e[q (tov, jjLVT]cr6r]TL jJiov otov eXOys r ets tt)v /^acrtAetav" 1 (TOV. 
Ap. Kat et7rev aurw A/jltjv crot Aeyo), o~ryp.€poi/ /xer ep,o£ eo^ 43 

eV to) 7rapa8eto-a>. Kal 77V 77877 c5crel cupa IKT77 Kal ctkotos 44 
H eVaTTj?, |>cu] eyeVeTO e<£ 0A771/ T771/ yTjv €03? ojpag r ivdr7]s tov yXtov eKAet- 45 
' ' 7TOVTOS , eor^LO-Urj 0€ to KaTaTreTaoyxa tou vaoi; fxeaov. Kat 46 

<j>o)Vi]cra<; cfaoyvrj fxeydXr) 6 'I^croi}? etTrev IlaTep, €IC )(eipAC 
COY TTApATlGeMAI TO HNGyM^ MOy* tovto 8e elwiDV e££- 
7TV€VCT€V. 'iScJv 8c d cKaTOVTap^Yj^ to yevofJLtvov i$6£a£ev 47 
tov ^cdv XeybiV Ovtws o dv6pa)7ro<; ovtos StKatos t;v. Kal 4S 
7ravT€s ot avv7rapay€vojJi€vot o^Aot €7rl tt}v 9eu)ptav TavTrjv, 
Ap. Oewprjo-avTCS tol yevo'p-eva, Tvn-TOVT€9 Ta crTijOr] v7T€crTpc(f)Ov. 

ICTHKGICAN 8e 7ravTC9 01 fNOOCTOI a-ura} AHO MAKpd06N, 49 



XXIII XXIV KATA AOYKAN 1 83 

Kal T yvvoLLKts al crvvaKoXov9ovo~ai avru aVo rrjs TaXt- al 

Acuas, opwcrai ravra. 

50 Kal 1S01; avrjp ovop.aTi Iaxr>}(/> fiovXtvTrjs virdpytov, 

51 avrjp r dya8os koll SiKaios, — ~! ovtos ovk rjv r crwKaTaT€#€i- dy a 0o<;,-5iWos \ 
/xevos T77 povAr) kcll rrj 7rpa$€i avTuv,— airo ApipLavaias 

ttoXcws tojv 'IouSat'an/, 6s 7rpoo~e$€)(€TO rr)v j3ao~iX€cav tov 

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53 'It/o-oi), /cat kolOzXwv ivervXi^ev avro (TtvSoVt, Kal eOrjKCV 
avTov iv pLvrjfxaTi Xa^evTw ov ovk rjv ovSels ov7ru) kcl- 

54 jJievos. Kal rjfxepa rjv irapacrKevrj^, koX o-d/3/3aTov €7re<£to- 

55 o~/ce^. KaTaKoA.ov^(rao"at Sc r aL n yi>j/awc€s, atrtvcs ^crav -\8vo\- 
crvveXr)Xv6viai Ik rrjs TaXiXaias arra>, iOedcravTO to pivrj- 

55 jxtLov kolI a)5 iriOr] to ctwjxol avTov, v ir car pity avai Se 77701- 
fxacrav apw/xara /cat fxvpa. 

Kal to /xev o~d/3j3aTov rjav^acrav koltcl tyjv IvtoXtjv, 

1 tt} Se fxia tc3i/ aa/3j3aTd)v bpOpov fiaOeu>s errl to pLvrj/xa 

2 rjXOav (pepovcrai a rjTOijiaa'av apco/xaTa. evpov Se tov 

3 XlOov a7TOK€KvXiO'fxivov aVo tot) fJLvr)pL€Lov y elcreX6ovo~at Se 

4 ov^ cvpoi/ to crcio/xa [Prov Kvptov 'I^ctot)]]. Kal lyivtTO iv 
T<5 aTroptLcrOai avTas 7repl tovtov Kal 1801; az/Spes Svo 

5 liri.CTT'qo'av avTolq iv iaOrJTL ao"Tpa7TTOTxn?. €/x<£o/?an/ 8e 
yevojxivuv olvtojv Kal kAivouow Ta Trpoo-oura els tt)v yrjv 
CL7rav Trpos avTas Tl ZHTeTTG TON ZOONTA M6TA TOON 

6 N6KpO0N ; [[ovk Iotii/ <S8c, dAAa ^yep^fy-J fxvrjaOrjTC o5s 

7 iXaXrjo-€v vpuv €tl wv Iv ttj TaXiXaua, Xzyu>v tov vlov tov 
dvOpojirov otl Set 7rapa?>o6r}vai cU X e ^P a ^ dvOpw-ircDV a/xap- 
T(dXojv Kal aTavpwOrjvat Kal Trj TptTrj rjp.ipa. dvacrTrjvai. 

8 Kal ipLvrjcrOrjaav tiqv p^/xaTcov avTov, Kal VTroo-Tpeij/acraL 
[aVo tov p,V7y/xctoi;] d7rrjyy€iXav tclvtol 7rdvTa toIs ev8e/ca 

10 Kal 7rdo-iv toTs Xot7rccs. 7]0~av 8e 7; MaySa/V^F?; Mapta 
Kal 'IwdVa Kal Mapta r) IaKOj/3ov' koll al XoaraL crvv av- 

11 TaTs eXzyov 7rpos toi;s a7roo-ToXoi;s Tavra. Kal icjiavrjaav 
iv(jj7nov avTwv ojcrel Xfjpos Ta prjfxaTa TavTd, Kal tJitlcttovv 



1 84 RATA AOYKAN 



XXIV 



avTOL?. [TO Se II eVpos dvacnas eSpap.€V lirl to 12 

jxvrjixeiov Kat TrapaKvi^as /^XeVet rd odovta pova* kcl\ 
dirrjXOev 7rpds avTOV Oavfxd^oiV to yeyovds.J 

Kat tSoi> Svo i£ avTiov kv avrrj rrj ^/xepa rjaav Tropeuo- 13 
<dp, jxevot €ts Kwfxrjv diri^ovaav o-TaStoi>s k^rjKovra aVd 'Icpov- 

craA/^/x, r\ oVo/xa 'E/x/xaov?, Kat avTot ojfxtXovv 7rpds dXXi]- i 4 
Xovs 7rept 7ravra)V twi/ o-vp.(3€/3r]KOTtQV tovtwi/. Kat iyivero 15 
cr t<3 ojJLiXetv olvtovs Kat avv^rjT€LV [Kat] ai/rds 'Ir/crovs 
cyytVas crvveiropeveTO auTots, ot Se o<fc6aXjjLol olvtwv e/cpa- 16 
towto tov /xt) €7rtyi/<A)j/at avror. €t7r€v Se TrpoV aiVovs 17 
TtVc? ol Adyot oLtol oSs dvTifidWere Trpos dXXyjXovs 
TT€pL7rarovvTCs ; Kat lo-rdOrjcrav o-KvOpcoTrot. aVoKptifels 18 
8e cts d^d/xaTt KA€07ras eT^ei/ 7rpos avrov 2i> /xoVos 
7rapoiKus 'Itpovo-aXrjix Kat cuk cyvws ra ycvd/xeva €1/ 
avTj} ev Tats ^ttcpats Tai;Tats ; Kat ct7T€v ax>Tots Ilota ; 19 
ot Se €t7rav aiVa) Ta 7rept Irjaov tov 'Na^aprjvov, os 
cy€V€TO aV^p Trpo<j>7]T7]<$ Svvgltos Iv €pya> /cat A.dya> et/avTtW 
toi; #eo{; Kat ttclvtos tov Xaov, otto)S tc irapihuiKav airroV ot 20 
ap^tcpets Kat ot ap^ovTcs rjfxwv els Kpt/xa davdrov kcll 
iarravpoxrav olvtov. ^ttets 8e r}X7riL ) op.£v otl auTos icrriv 6 21 
/xcAAwv XvrpovaOai tov lo-parjX* aAAa ye Kat ow 7rdcnv 
tovtois Tpirrjv tolvtyjv ypi€pav ayet a</)' ou TavTa eyeVcTO. 
aAAa Kat ywauces Ttvcs ef ^/xcoy e^icrrrjaav ?7/xa9, yevo- 22 
fjLevai opOpival Ittl to pLyrjjJieiov Kat /xt; evpovcrai to crwjxa 23 
ailrov f]X8av Xiyovaai Kat cTTTao-cav dyyiXiov cwpaKeVat, ot 
Xeyovo"tv avTov ^v. Kat airrjXOav Twes tcov crvv r\plv 24 
C7rt to LivrjfJLtLOV, Kat evpov ovTws Ka6d><z at yv^atKes et7rov, 
avTov 8e ovk etSov. Kat auTos et7r€V 7rpos aiJrous ^Q, 25 
avd^TOt Kat /?pa8ets Trj Kap8ta tov 7rto-T€i;eti/ €7rt -irdcrLV ots 
iXdXrjo-av ot irpo^rJTai' ov%l Tavra cSa TraOetv tov ^pt- 26 
* otov Kat elaeXOeiv cts tt/j/ Sdfav avTOv ; Kat r ap^a/x€ros 27 

a7rd Mwweus Kat a7ro 7ravTa>v tcov 7rpo<prjTiov SiepjjLrjvev- 

* H^p dp£a.fA€VOS aTrb Mtovo-ecos Kat rrdvTcav rcur TrpcxfrrjTuv epfJuqvev^Lvh 



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28 cev aurots kv 7rao~ats rats ypac^ats ra Trcpt eauroi). Kai - 
i)yyio~av cts r^y kcjjjxtjv ov £7ropevovTO, Kat avros "n-pocrc- 

29 TTOirjcrcLTO iroppwrepov Trcpevco-Oai. Kcu 7rapej3id(TavTO 
avTov Aeyovres Meti/ov tie(9 rjp.Qv y otl 7rpos kcnrepav 
iarlv Kai kIkXlk^v yjSr] yj rjfxipa, koX elarjXOcv rov pitivai 

30 o~vv avTols. Kat iyivero kv tu> koltolkXiS ^rjvai olvtgv 
iter avrujv Aa/2cov rov aprov eyXoyrjaev Kat KAao~as kirz- 

51 SlSov avTOts* av~<2v 8e SirjvoL)(9rjO'av ol 6cf>0aXjjiol Kat 
€7rey^cDcrav avrov koli glvtos a^avro? kyivero air avTtov. 

32 Kai elirav 7rpos dXXyXovs Ov^l 7] KapSta r rjpLwv Katofxi- ^ nv -&£» tceta- 
vrj rjv us eAaAei ^tuy ev rrj ooo>, o>s oirjvoLytv rjpuv ras evqii.lv 

33 ypac/>as ; Kat avao-raVres avr?} tt} u>pa V7re- 
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34 eVSeKa Kat rot;s crui/ aurot?, Aeyovras ort ovtws yyipOrj 

35 o Kvpcos Kai wcfyQrj ^ipioyvi. Kai avrol i^rjyovvTO rd kv 
rfj o$<2 Kai a>s kyvuaOrj arrets kv ttJ KAacret rov S.p- 

36 rou. TaDra Se avrtov XaXovvrwv avros tern] kv 

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39 ytcrp,ot dvafiaivovcriv kv rfj KapSta vjjluv ; tSeT£ tcls ^(€tpas 

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40 e/xe ^ewpetre eypvra. j[Kat roi)ro elirdtv k'Sei^ev avrols ras 

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4 ^ Kat Xa/3djv kvojiriov avrcov €<f>ayev. EtTrei/ Se ^^. 

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kv toj vofMp Mwrcrews Kat rots 7rpoc/»yrats Kat \J/aAttot? 

45 Trept e/xov. rore hitjvci^ev aurw^ tov vovv tov avviiiai 

46 ras ypacpas, Kat elirev avrots ort cura? yeypaTrrat 7ra- ^. 



1 86 



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r akrjOrj^ Iutiv tj fxaprvpta fxov 1 , otl oTSa ttoOzv r/X6ov -njiapTvpCa fxov 
/cat ttov V7raya)' vp.cts 0€ ov/c otoaTe ttoucv ep^o/xat 

15 77 ^o^ inrdyu). v/xets Kara ttJv crap/ca /cptvcTe, iyu> ov 

16 Kptvo) cvSiva. /cat caV /cptva) Se eyoj, 77 /cptcrts -q i/jaij 
dXrj8iV7] io~riv, otl [xovos ovk ct/u, aAA' eyaS /cat o 7re/x- 

17 i^as //.€ [7raT^o]. /cat iv tw vo/xw 8e tw vfxcTepco yiypa- 

18 7TT(u ort &vo dvOpdirwv 7] fxaprvpta dXrjOrjs Icttlv. €ya> 
elfju 6 fxaprvputv 7T€pl ifJtavrov Kal fiaprvptL rrepl ifxov 

19 7r£fjul/as fxe Trarrjp. lAeyov ovv avru Hov icrrtv 6 
rrarrjp <rov; dircKpiOrf 'Irjo-ovs Ovre ifxk otSare ovtg tov 
rrarkpa fxov' €t i/xe r)8tiT€, Kal tov iraripa jjlov av 

20 TjSctTG Tavra to, ptj/nara iXaXrjaev iv ra> ya£oc/>TjAa/ctco 
$wdo~KU)v iv tw tepw* Kal ovStls €7rtao~€v avrov, ort ovrru) 
iXrjXv6ct 7] (x>pa avrov, 

21 EtTrev ovv 7raAtv avrois 'Eyci vTrdyoi Kal £?iT>7xrer€ 
fi€, Kal iv rrj dfjuapria vfiuv aTroOavcicrOe' ottov cyco 

22 vurdyoi v/xcts ov SvvaaOe iXOeiv, eXeyov ovv ot 'Iou- 
Satoi M-^rt diroKT€V€L iavrov otl Aeya "Ottov eyoj vtto- 

23 ya> v/Aets ou Svvao"6e iXOeiv ; /cat e'Aeyei/ aurots *Y/X€ts 
c/c twi/ Kara) care, eyaj £/c T(3^ a^a> €t/xt* v/xets c/c rou- 
tou tov Koafiov iGTe 3 iyiD ovk elfjil c/c tov Koa/xov tov- 

24 tot:;. €L7rov ovv v/juv otl a7ro^av€t(T^€ iv Tat? a/>tapTtats 

v/jliov idv yap firj 7Tto'T€vo'r]T€ otl r cya> et/jtt n , d-nroOaveLaOe eyw c^l 

25 ev rats a/xaprtats v/xwk. cAeyoi/ ow aura) Su rt? ct; 

cIttcv a^rots [o] 'Irjcrovs Trjv ap^qv otl Kal XaXw r vjiuv; n vjjZv. 

26 TroXXd e^w 7rcpt vjJLiov XaXeuv Kal KpiveLv' dXX 6 7T€p,i^as 
p,€ dXriBrjS iariVf .Kaya> a rjKovcra Trap avrov ravra XaXw 

27 ets tov Koo-fJiov* ovk eyvuaav oti tov iraripa auTots 

28 eXcycy, etTrev ovv o 'Ir/aoOs "Orav vij/iocrrp-€ tov vtcV 



208 KATA IQANHN VIII 

iyai eifxi rov dvOpuiirov, Tore yvwcreaOe otl r £yai clfxi n , Kal dlT €- 

fxavrov 7rot(3 ovSiv, dXXd KaScos eSlBa^ev /x€ 6 Trarrjp 

TCLVTGL XaXlD. KCU 6 Tri/Xlf/dS JX€ fX€T €fXOV IcTTLV ■ OVK d- 29 

cf>fJKev jxe jjlovov, otl cyco Ta apecrra aura) 7rotc3 7rav- 
tot€. Tarra avrov XaXovvros 7toXXol lincTTevaav cts av- 30 
Toy. "EAeycj' 01V o I^croOs 7rpds tot)? 7T£7rt- 31 

<TT€Vk6tCLS OLVTiti 'lovSaLOVS EaV VfXtLS /JL€LVT]T€ €V T(3 Xd- 

ya> T(3 cp.a5, dXrj6<2s pLaOrjraL jxov ccttc, Kat yvwcrccr^c 32 
ttjv dXijdeiav, kcll rj aXrjOeia IXevOepojcreL vjxas. a-KZKpl- 33 
6-qcrav 7rpds avrov ^Trep/xa AjSpadfx ccrttcv Kat ovSevl 
otSovXtvKajxev ir^Trore' 7tlos av Aeyets otl IZXevOepoi 
ytvrjaeaOe ; direKpiOy} avTOts [d] I^o-ovs Ajxrjv ajxrjv 34 
Xcya) -u/xtv on 7ras d 7rotc3j/ tt)j/ dfxapTLav SovXos larw 
\rfjs a/xaprtasj'd Se SovAos oi; jxiveL £v rfj otKtia ets rdi/ 35 
ataVa* o utos jxcvcl ets rov atwva. cav ow o vlos vjxas 36 
ZXevOeputcrr], ovro)<s IXevOepoL eaeaOe. otSa ort airepixa 37 

A/3padjJL core* dXXd £,t]T€lt€ /xe aVoKTetvat, otl 6 Adyo? 
* o e/xos ov X^P 6 ^ * v ^^ <* ^7°^ ttopaKa irapa ra) 7ra- 38 

Tpt AaAw' Kat v/xets oSV a, ^KOvVaTe 7rapa tov 7raTpds n 
7rotetTe. a7T€Kpidrjaav Kat etTrav avrw O TraTrjp ypuZv 39 

AfSpadfi icrTiv. Xiyec avrots [0] 'I^crovs Et T€Kva rov 

eTrotetre AfSpadfX €0~T€, TCL €pya TOU *A/3pad/JL ^OtCtTC^" VvV Se 40 

^rjT€LT€ fie aVoKretvat, dvOponTrov os tt}v dXrjQtiav vjxlv 
XtXaXrjKa rjv rjKovcra irapd rov Oeov* rovro A/Bpad/x 
ovk €7rot7ycrev. vjjlzls 7rot€tr€ ra Ipya ro{) 7rarpos ryawi/. 41 
ou yeyevnf/xefla €L7rav avrw H/xets ck 7ropv€tas r oi?K lyevvr)6r)p.€V^' eva 

Trarepa e^o/xcv rov Oeov. €i7rcv avrots [d] 'I^crovs Et 42 
o 0cos irarrjp vjjlwv rjv r}ya7rdr€ av e/xe, eycJ yap ck rov 
ueov l^rjXOov Kat t^ko)* ovSk yap aw ifxavrov iXrjXv9a y 
aXX €Keti/os /xe aTreoretAci/. 8ta ri rrjv XaXtav rrjv Ijxrjv 43 
ov yLV(x)o~K€re; otl ov SvvacrOe aKovtiv rov Xdyov rov e/xov. 
vjxcls €K rov 7raTpo9 rov Sta/36Xov ecrre Kat rag £7n6vjxLas 44 

* ieydf a ew'pa/ca Trapa to> irarpC fiov [ravra] AaAc3' /cat v/^ei? our a eajpa.Ka.Te rrapa tw irarpl vjxwi' h 



VIII IX 



KATA I12ANHN 



209 



tov 7rarpos vfxtov OeXere iroulv. c/cetvos avBpunroKTO- 
vos rjv dir dp^rjs, /cat iv rfj dXrjOeta ovk ecrTrjKev, otl 
ovk Zcttlv dXijdeLa iv avra>. orav XaXfj to i//-evSog, Ik twv 

45 tStcov XaXet, on xj/evcrTrjs ccrrtv /cat 6 Trairjp avrov. eyoJ 

46 Be ort rrjv aXt^Ociav Xeyto, ov TTidT^v^rk /xot. rt's ef v/xgjv 
eXcy^et /xe 7rept a/zaprtas; ct aX?7#etav Xcyto, Sta tl 

47 v/x€t? ov Trta-revere /jlol ; o wv Ik tov 6cov to) prj /xara rov 
#eov a/covet* Sta rovro v/xct<? ov/c a/cov£T€ on c/c rot) #cov 

48 ovk icrre. a7reKpt9r](jav ol 'lovSatot /cat elirav avra> Ou 
/caXws Xeyofjizv ?7/xcts on ^apLapcLrrjs €t av /cat Sat/xo'vtov 

49 ex €t? 5 dirsKpCOy] 'Irjcrovs 'Eyw Sat/xovtov ovk e)(a), aXXa 

50 rt/xa> rov 7rarepa /xov, /cat v/xcts art/xafere /xc. cyco Se ov 

51 f^TOJ T?)v Sofav /AOV tcTTLV 6 ^TJTiOV KOL /CptVCOV. AfXTjV 

afJLTjv Xeya> v/xtv, eav Tts tov kfiov Xoyov Trjprjcrr), 6o.vo.tov 

52 ov [xrj Oeojpycrrj €t? tov atwva. enrav avra* ol 'Iov- 
Satot Nw eyvw/ca/xev ort Sat/xovtov c^et9. 'A/3paa/x aVc- 
6av€V kol ol 7rpo<f>7]Tai, /cat crv Xeyag Ear rts 701/ 
Xdyov /xcv T7]p7]0"r), cv fj.rj yevenyrat Oo.vo.tov et? toj/ 

53 at<3va ' p.rj crv \Lcit^v el tov TraTpos -qfjujiv 'A/3paa//., ocrrts 
dirzOavev ; /cat ot irpo^rjTai diriOavov • rtva o-cavrov 7rot- 

54 ets ; d7T€Kp[drj 'Irjcrovs 'Eav eyoi Sofacra) e/xavrdv, y 
Sofa /xov ovSev (o~tlv ecrrtv 6 iraTrjp jxov 6 Sofa£wv /xc, 

55 ov v/xets Xeyere ort r 0co? v/xw^ icTTtv, Kai ovk iyvoiKOLTC 
avroi/, eya) oe otoa avrov Kav ct7ra) otl ovk 010a av- 
ror, co"o/xat op.oLos vjjuv i^evo"r^5* aXXa oTSa avrov Kac 

56 tov Xoyov avrov Trjpio. A/?paa/x o 7rarrjp v/xwv 7/yaX- 
Xtao-aro aa ISy ttjv rjiiipav ttjv ijJLtjv, Kal tTSev /cat 

57 ivdpr]. etirav ovv ol 'IovSatot 7rpos avrov rTcvr^KOvra 

58 h-q ov7ra) 9(as /cat 'A/?pad/x ^cupa/cas" 1 ; €t7r€V avrots I77- 
0"ovs 'Apirjv dfxrjv Xeyw vtuv, 7rptv 'A/?paa/x yeviaOat eyoj 

59 et/xt. ^pav ovv Xl9ovs "vol /?aXwcrtv C7r avrov* Ir;o"ov9 
Se cKpvfir) kolI iZJYJX8ev €K tov lepov. 

1 Kat 7rapaycjv ctoev avOpanrov tvc/>Xov €/c y everts. 



Oebs i]ja < ^ ,/ 



ea.oa/fct' <re 



2IO RATA IQANHN IX 

/cat iqpioTqcrav clvtov ol pia6r]Tal glvtov AeyovTCS Pa/J/Sct', 2 
Tts rjixaprev, ovtos ^ °^ yoveis olvtov? Iva tuc/>Aos yevvr]8y; 
<x7T€Kpi9r] 'Irjcrovs Ovre ovtos ??papTei/ ovtc ol yoveZz 3 
avrov, dXX* Iva <f>av€pcoOrj rd epya tgv 6cov Iv avrip. 
to's ^/xas Set ipyd^eadat rd epya tov Trifixj/avTos p.€ r ea>s n tjp.ipa 4 

coTtV* Ip^erat vv£ ore ovScts SvVarat ipy&fe&OaL. orav 5 

€V T<3 KOCTfJUO to, <£toS Ct/Xt TOV KOCTJJLOV. TOLVTCL ZLTTLOV I" 6 

TTTvaev ;^ap,at Kat iTroirjarev Trrfkov e/c tov 7rrvcrpaTOS, Kat 

iirixpurev *" ' iiriOrjKtv' 1 CLVTOV TOV TTTjXoV 67Tt TOVS 6(j)6a\fJLOVS, KCLL 7 

ct7T€v avrJ) Waye vLif/ai cts t^v KoXvfx/3y]6pav rov 
2tXwa/x (o ipjxrjveveTat 'AirecrTaXfiivos). dirrjXOev ovv /cat 
iviif/aTO, koll rjXOev /3Xiirwv. Ot ovv yetroves /cat 8 

ot ^ccopoiWes avVoV to npoTepov qtl Trpoa'aLTrjs rjv eXtyov 
Ov% ovtos Icttlv o kolOtJiazvos /cat TTpocraLTLQV ; aAAot lAe- 9 
yov ort Ovtos Icttlv* glXXol eAcyov Ov^t, aAAa o/xotos 
avTto Icttlv. c/cetj/os e'Aeyev oTt 'Eyw etp,t. eAcyov 10 
ovV avVw II cos [ovV] rjV^Lo^rjcrdv crov ol d<£#aApot'; dire- n 
KpiOt] eKCti/os 'O aV0pct)7ros u Aeyojaeros Itio-ovs 7rrjXov 
iiroLrjcrcv /cat iiri)(ptariv fiov tovs oc/>#aA/xovs Kat ct7reV /xot 
©Tt Y7ray€ ets rov 2tAwap< Kat i/tt^ar aTreA^wi/ ovv Kat 
VLXj/dpLevos dve/3X€{j/a. Kat €t7rai/ avT<3 IIov eortv €K€t- 12 
vos; Aeyct Ovk otSa. Ayovo"tv avTov 7rpos 13 

tovs ^apto-atovs toV 7tot€ tvc/>AoV. ^v Se crd/3j3aTOV iv rj 14 
yjfULepa rov 7rr]X6v €7T0Lr]CT€V o I??crovs Kat avtco^ev avVov 
tovs d<f>6aXfiovs. irdXiv ovv yptoTtov wutov Kat ot ^>apt- 15 
0-atot 7rd)S ave/SXcij/ev. 6 SI €L7rev avrols TLrjXov liriQy}- 
K€y fiov C7rl tovs ocj>6a\/jiov?, Kat ivLXJ/ajxrjv, Kat /3X47TO). 
cXeyov ovv ck tcGv ^apto-atcov Ttves Ov/c €.o~tlv ovtos Trapd 16 
#eov o dv6p<i)7ros, otl to o-ayS/?aToi/ ov Trjpel. dXXoL [Sc] 
cAeyov IIojs SvvaTat dvQpoyiros a/xaprwAos TOtavTa 0*77- 
/zeta 7rot€tv; Kat cr^to-pa 771/ ey avrots. Acyovctv ovv 17 
to) TvcfyXco TrdXLV Tt crv Aeyets 7T€pt avrov, ort rjvtu^iv 
aov tovs d(pOaX[xovSi 6 Se ct7T€i/ oTt UpocfirJTrjs ianv. 



IX KATA IQANHN 211 

18 Ovk iTTicrTevcrav ovv ol IovSolol Trepl avrov on yjv 
Tv<f>\o$ kcu dvefiXtxj/ev, ccos otov icfxjjvrjcrav rovs yoveis 

19 avrov tov dva(3Xi\j/avT0<s kcu rjpojT^crav clvtov? Xiyov- 
res Ovtos Icttlv 6 vlos vjjlmv, bv vfiets Aeyerc otl Tv<f>\c<$ 

20 iycvvrjGr); TrcGg ovv pXiircL dpn; aVc^pt^crav ovv ol yoveis 
avrov koll €L7rav OlSa/xev on ovtos Icttlv 6 vlos yjxojv 

21 koll otl TvcjyXos iyevvrjOrj' 7t<js oe vvv fiXl-irei cvk oiSajuev, 
rj tvs rjvoi^ev avrov tovs 6<fi6aXfJLovs T^aeis ovk otSa/xcv 
avTov epcoTTycrarc, -qXiKiav e^ct, avros irt.pl eavrov XaXrjcrtL. 

22 tcvtcl ct-rrav ol yoveis avrov otl 1<j>o/3ovvto tovs IovSatov?, 
rjSrj yap ctvv€t£9clvto ol 'IovSatoi Iva lav 71s avrov ojxoXo- 

23 J 7 } "!} Xptcrrov, aTrocrwaywyos yivryraL. Sta tovto ol 

yovets avTov €L7rav otl 'HAt/aav e^a, avTov r i7T€po)Trj- epwnjVaTe 

24 craT<P. JZcjxDvrjcrav ovv tov avOpoi—ov Ik ScvTepov os yjv 
TvcpXos Kal CLTrav avTu> Ads Sd£av tw Otto* 77/xets otSa- 

25 fxev otl ovtcs o avOponros ap,ap70)Aos Icttlv. air^KpiOr] 
ovv ckzlvo? Et djJLapToiXos Icttlv ovk cIScr tv olSa oTt 

26 TVcf>X6s cSv aprt fiXiirio. eiTrav ovV avro Tt hroLiqviv 

27 crot; 7ra)s rjVQL^iv crov tovs ocpOaXfxovs; aTTCKplOr] av- 

70ts ETttov v/juv rjh)rj Kal ovk yKovcraTe* tl t itoXlv OtXtTt ovv 

aKov€Lv; fxrj Kal vp,ets 0£Xct€ avrov [xaGrjral ytviaOaL; 

28 Kal iXoL^oprjcrav avrov /cat ciTrav 2v fxaOrjTrjs el Ikuvov, 

29 Ty/xetg Se tov Moovcrews IcrpXv fxaOrrraL' rjfxtLS oi'Sap,ev on 
Ma)vo~et AcAaA^Kev d #ed?, 7cvrov Se ovk olSajnev 7r66cv 

30 Icttlv. direKpLOrj o uvOptoiros Kal clttcv avTols \Ev rov- 
tq) yap to Oav\xacTTov Icttlv otl v/xeis ovk otSarc 7rd5ev 

31 icrTLv, Kal rjvoL^iv fxov tovs o<f>6aXpLOis. olSafiev otl 6 
#cos a/xapTa)AcCv ovk a/covet, aAA cav rt<j 0cocT€/3rjs rj /cat 

32 to OiXrjjJia aLTOv 7roi^ tovtov aKOvcL. Ik tov atwvo? oltc rj- 
kovctOtj otl rjviw^ev rt? o<j>9aXfjiov$ tvc^Xov ycyevvrjjjLt- 

33 vov tl fxr) rjv ovtos Trapa Gtov, ovk T^SuVaro Trotetv ovSeV. 

34 dir^KpLOrjcrav Kal CLTrav avT'2 *Ev ap,apTtats crv cycvvvy- 
Orjs 0A09, Kat crv StSacr/ccts rjfxas; Kal cfc/JaAov avrov 



212 KAT A IQANHN IX X 

efw. "Kkovctcv 'Itictovs on et;€f3a\ov clvtov e£co, 35 

KoX €VptoV OVTOV €t7rCV 2v 7TL(TT€V€iS CIS TOV VtOV TOV CLvdpW- 

Ka\ rC% Zariv, Z<j>r) ttov ; r dTTCKpi8r] Zkuvos [kolL €L7rev\ Kat tU icrrtv 1 , Kvpie, tva 36 

TTICTT€VCTU> €tS CLVTOV, €L7T€V aVTO) O IrjCTOVS Kat CWpCLKCLS 37 

avVdv kolI 6 XaXwv /xcra cov £K€lv6s icrTtv. 6 8e ec/)?? lit- 3 8 
otcvo), Kvpw Kat irpocr€Kvv7]CTCV avrw. /cat ct7rcv o I?70-ovs 39 
Ets Kptjxa eyto ets rdi> koct/jlov tovtov rjXOov, cva ol fxrj 
fiXeTrovTts f3\€7ro)(riv Kat ol /^XeVovres rvc/>Xot yei/wn-at. 40 
H-Kovcrav Ik twv <£apto"ata)j/ Tavra ot p,€T avrov o^res, Kat 
ct7rai/ avrai M77 Kat Tracts rvc/>Xot ecrjuLcv; cTttzv avVots [d] 41 

'l?7<TOl)s Et TV(£Xot TjTCy OVK aV Ct^CTC ap.apTtW* VW 8£ Xc- 
y€T€ OTt JSXtTTOJXtV 77 OLjJLOLpTLa VfJLiJJV JJLCVCL. A- I 

ju.77^ ap?}j/ Xeya) vjjuv, 6 fxrj elo~€p)(OfJL€vo<; Sta t^s 6vpas cts 
T^y auX^v rwy 7Tpo[3aT0)v aXXa avaj3atv(xiv aXXa^oOev 
€K€tj/os kXItttt]^ Io~t\v kcll XrjaTijs' 6 Se etcrcp^o/xcvos Sta 2 

T?Js 6ipa% 7TOLfJL7]V IcTTLV TWV ITpofiaTUSV. TOVTO) O OvpWpOS 3 

avotyet, Kat Ta Trpofiara ttJs c/xon^s aiVov aKova, Kat ra 
tSta 7rp6j3cLTa <£a)vct Kar' 6Vop.a Kat e£dyei arret, oraj/ ra 4 
tSta 7rai/ra cKJSdXrj, tfJLirpocrOtv avrcav 7ropeveTat, Kat rd 
irpojBaTa aura) a*KoXov#£t, otl olSaatv ttjv cfrwrjv clvtov' 
dWorpLip 8c ov p.?) aKoXovOrjcrovo-LV aXXa <j>ev£ovTCU 5 
a7r avTov, ort ovk ot'Sacrt tojv aXXoTptW t^v fjywmjv, 
TavTrjv T?7i/ 7rapotp,tW ct7T€i> avYots d 'iriorovV cKetrot 8e 6 
ovk €yi/o)0"ai/ rtVa ?/i/ a cXaXct avrots. Et7T€V 7 

ovi/ 7raXti/ [d] 'I?7<xot)s 'AjjltJv djjirjv Xcya) v/w, cyw ct/xt 7/ 
/^/. uvpa T(ov 7rpoj3dT(DV. Trdvres oo~oi rjXGov irpo ifJiov KXeVrat 8 

elcnv Kat X^crrat* aXX ovk rjKovo~av avrwv Ta irpo^ara, 
iyo) ct/u rj 6vpa* 8t' ep-ov Idv rts elcrtXOrj cruOrjcrzi at Kat 9 
ctoreXcuVerat Kat efeXcvcrcrat Kat vofxrjv evprjcrei. 6 kXc- 10 
7TT77S ovk epxtTOLi. ct p.?) tva kXc^ Kat ^vo-tj Kat diroXio-rj' 
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etp.t d 7roifxrjv o KaXds* d 7rotp.?)v d KaXds tt)i/ \j/v^rjv 
avrov TiOrjcrtv V7rep tc3v 7rpo^8aTO)v d p.to'&wrds Kat ovk c5i/ 12 



KATA IQANHN 



213 



i:oip.rjv> ov ovk Icttlv rd 7rpoj3ara tSta, 6e(x)pei tov Xvkov 
ipXpfJLtvov /cat d<t>i7]cnv ra 7rpofSara /cat (^cuyei, — /cat d 

13 Xvkos ap7ra£et avrd /cat o~k op it t £ct,— 011 jjllct9o)t6<s icrriv 

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6 /caXds, kcu ytvaxr/ca) Ta ep,a kcu ytvooovcoucrt fxe ra ipcd, 

15 /cameos ywdcrKeL fie 6 rrarrjp /cayto yivoiCTKOi tov rraripa, /cat 

16 T7JV tyvyTJV f JL0V TlOrjfll V7T€p TWU TTpo/3aTU>V. KCU aAAa 7TpO- 

/?ara e^a) a ovk Icrriv Ik ttJs avXrjs ravrrjv /ca/cetva Set p.€ 
ayayetv, kcu rrjs cjxx)vrjs piov aKovcrovcrtVy kcu yevrjcrovTai 

17 jJ-LOL 7roLfjLvr], 6IC TTOIMHN. Sta rovro fie o rrarrjp d.yarra 
otl eyaj Tidrjpu rrjv ij/vxrjv p<ov, tva rrdXtv Xafiu* avrrjv, 

18 ouocts T/pev avrrjv oltt epiov, aAA eyaj Tiurjpu avrrjv a- 

7T ifJLOLVTOV. i^OVCTLCtV €^0) OtlVCU CLVT7]V, KCU k^QVCTLCLV €^0) 

7raA.tv Aa/Jeti/ avrrjv ravrrjv rrjv ivroXrjv eXafiov irapd 

19 tov 7rarpos /aov. %yi (T l JLa rrdXtv iyivcro iv 

20 rots 'lov Satots Sta tot;? Adyou? rourous. eAcyov Se 7roAAot 
ef avrwv Aat/xcvtov e^ct kcu ^atverar tl avrov a/couerc; 

21 aXXot eAeyov Taura ra prjpiara ovk ecrnv haipiovt^opivov 
p,rj Satp,cvtov Swarat tv(J>X<jjv 6d>9aXfjLov<s avot^at ; 



22 



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214 



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XI KATA IQANHN 215 

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27 as tovto; Xeyet avra) Nat, /a'ptc* cyco 7re7rtcrTCi;Ka ort ai; 



2l6 RATA IQANHN XI 

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XI XII KATA H2ANHN 217 

45 Avcrarc avrov kolL a<j>ere avrov vnrayeiv. IIoA.- 
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46 koI Geaadfievot o eiroirjo-ev, eTricrrevcrav eh avrov nves 
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47 avroh a i7TOL7]acv Irjaovs. Hvvrjyayov ovv ol 
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cravro Iva aw oKTCLVOjaiv avrov. 



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55 tw fiaOrjrwv. Hv Se. iyyvs to irdcr^a raw 'lovSatW, 
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56 irpo rov rrdo-ya Iva ayvLO~u>criv eavrovs. etrfrovv ovv 
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2 iTroirpav ovv aura) 8et7ri/ov cKct, Kal r] Mdp9a SirjKovei, 



21 8 KATA IQANHX Xfl 

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220 KATA IGANHN XII 

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Xiyo) vjjuv, o*v/xc£epet vplv lvol €ya> airiXOm. eaV yap p,yj 
a7reX6u>, 6 TrapaKXrjTos ov /xr) eXOrj 7rpos vp.aV lav Se* 

8 7TOp€v9iO, 7T€fJLlj/U> a\)TOV 7TpOS V/XCIS. ^Kal" 1 lX0d)V IkZLVOS jcai 
iXiy^€L TOV KOCTfJLOV 77€pl djJLapTiaS Kal 7T€p\ StKatOCTvV^S 

9 Kat 7repl Kpto"ea)s« ?repl a/xaprtas /xeV, ort ov 7rio-r€vovo-ti/ 

10 ets e/xe* rrepl StKatocrvV?;? Se', ort rrpos roy irarepa vVayco 

11 Kal OVKCTt 0€(i>pCLT€ fJL€* 7T£pl Se Kpt'creWS, 6'rt O ap^DV TOV 

12 koct/xov tovtov KtKpLTaL. Ert 7roAAa e^w v/xtv A.eyetv, 

13 a'U' ov SvvaaOe fSao-Ta'^zLV apTL* orav Se eXOrj eKetyos, to 

7n/ev/xa r^s dXrjOeias, oS^y^o-et vuds r ets r^f dXrjOzLav 7ra- ei> -777 aArj&ua 
o~av n , ov yap XaX^o~ct ac/> eavrov, aXX oo~a aKovet 1 AaA^cret, 

14 /cal ra ep^o/xeva avayyeAet vjjllv. Ikzlvos e/xe So^acret, 

15 ort e*K rov e/xov Ary/xi^erat Kat ayayyeAet v/xtK. Trayra 
ocra l^et o 7raTrjp e/xa Icttlv Sta tovto €L7tov otl Ik tov 

16 e/xov XafipdvcL Kal aVayyeAet v/xtr. MtKpoi/ 
/<al ovkztl 0ea)petre /xe, Kal ttoXlv jAiKpov Kal oif/ecrOi 

17 /xe. ET/rav ovV ck rcoy /xa^Twi/ avrov Trpos dXX7J- 
Xovs Tt eWtv revro S Xeyet 77/xti/ MtKpoi Kal ov ^eoo- 
petre xte, Kal 7rdXiv fXLKpov Kal oij/ccrOi /xe; Kat Ort V7rotya) 

18 7rpos tov TraTepa; eXeyov ovv Tt Icttlv tovto XiycL /xt- 

19 Kpov; ovk oi8a/xcv [rt XaXetJ. lyyo) It^ctov? ort yOeXov 
amov ipcjrav, Kal €lttcv avrots Ilcpl tovtov £r}T€iT€ p.er' dX- 

XljX(i)V OTL eL7TOV M.LKpOV KOI OV ^£0)p6tr€ fl€, Kal TToXlV 

20 fiLKpov Kal oij/co-9i /xe; d/xrjv dfirjv Xeyw v/xti/ ort K/Vavaere 
Kal 6pr}VT]acT€ v/>tet5, o 8e koo~ixo<; ^ap^o-eraf v/xets Xvitt}- 

21 Orjcrco-Oe, dX)C -q Xvttyj vjjlwv els yapdv yevrjcreTaL. rj yvvrj 

OTOV TLKTT) Xv7T7]V ?^€t, Ort 7]X6€.V TJ COpa aVTTJS* OTaV 8c 

yewrjo-rj to 7ratStov, ovkctl nvrjfxoveva ttjs OXliJ/cu^ Sta 



228 RATA IQANHN XVI XVII 

Trjv yapav otl ly€vvrj6r] avOpanros *U tov Koo-p-ov. kol 22 

V/ACt? OVV VVV fl€V XviT-qV ?^€T€* TToXiV h\ Ot^O/xat VjJLOLS, 

KAI )(ApHCeTAI YMOON H KApAw*, Kat TTjV ;>(apav v/xulv 
alpet ovdtis apet acj> vjjl<Zv. Kat iv ii<€Lvr) rfj rjpLtpa ijxc. 23 

ovSeV. ovk ipioT7]a€T€ r ov$ev n aparjv ajjLrjv Xcyco vplv, aV tl aiTrjo-q- 

tc tov Traripa Swcrct utuv iv to) ovd/xaTt /jlov. ca)> aprt 24 
ovk 771-77 craTe ouSev cv t<3 ovo/xaTt /xov aiTCtTe Kal Xyjfjaj/c- 
cr8e, Iva 77 x a P a v / xt ^ 1 ' 2? ttirXrjpayfAevrj. Tavra 25 

cv Trapot/xtats XeXaXrjKa vjjuv cpxcrat <opa ore OVKtri cv 
Trapoifxiais XaXrjcro) u/xtv aAAa irappiqcia 7rcpt tov irarpos 
aVayyeAoG vyxtv. cv cKeivrj rrj ?7/xcpa ev tw dvd/xaTt /xov 26 
atrry<T€<T^e, Kat ou Aeya> a;/xtv 6rt cya) cpwr^cra) tov iraripa 
Trcpt vp.Qv avTos yap d irar-qp </>t\et vfxas, otl vyxcts c/xc 27 
Trt<fciXrjK.aT€ koll 7T€7ncrT€VKaT€ Ltl cyco Trapa tot) Trar/ods 
i£rjX8ov. i£rjX6ov Ik tov 7rarpos Kat iXrjXvBa cts tov 28 
Kocrfxov ttoXlv d<j>LrjfjLL tov Koa/xov Kal TTOpcvofxai 7rpds 
tov 7rarcpa. Acyovcrtv ct fxa6r]ToX avTOv *lSc vvv cv 29 
Trapprjo-ia AaAct?, Kat 7rapoi/xiav ovSc/xtav Xeyets. iw 30 
ot§a/xcv ort ot8as irdvTa Kat ou ^petav cx €t? " /a Tts °" € 
epeora* €V Tovrw ttio-tctjo/xcv otl oltto Ocov i^ijXOes. aVc- 31 
KpCOrj avrots 'I^crovs Aprt 7rto-TCi;eTc ; tSoi> ep^cTat <2pa 32 
Kat cAryAv#cv tya o-Kop7n.o-07/T€ eKacrros cts Ta tSta Koifxe 
fxovov a(f>FjT€' Kat ovk ct/xt fxovos, otl o TTOLTy)p /act c/xea> 
cWt'v. TavTa XeXdXrjKa v/xlv Iva iv c/xot clprjvrjv ^x r l T€ ' 33 
iv tw KocrpuD OXtif/LV c^ctc, aXXa 6apa€LT€, cyw vcvLKrjKa 
Tov koct/xov. 

Tavra iXdXrjcrev 'Irjaovs, Kat iirdpaq tovs ocj)8aX- 1 
juov? avroi) cts tov ovpavov €L7T€v IlaTcp, iXtjXvOev rj 
cSpa* Sdfaordv cov tov vtdv, tya d vtds Bo^dcrrj ere, KaOws 2 
eSwKa? avTw i<;ovo~iav 7rdar)<s o~apK09, tva Trav o SeSwKas 
avTo) Sajcret auTots ^caTyv atcaviov. avTrj Si icrTLV rj atcmos 3 
£fj)r) tva ytvwo-Kwcrt ere tov jjlovov olXtjOlvov 6tov Kat ov 
d7ricrT€LXas 'Irjo-ovv XptcrTOV. eyw ere eSdfao-a e7rt t^s 4 



:iVII KATA IQANHN 229 

5 yys> to cpyoy TeActoxras o 8c'Sa)Kas /xot tva Trot^crar kclI 

vvv So^acrov /xc cv, irdrep, Trapa crtav-M rrj Sof^ r y~* cT^ov fiv 

6 77pO TOV TOV KOO7XOV CLVCLL Trapa CTOt. 'Ec/>aV€- 

pmcrd <70U to ovo/xa tols av0pco7rots ovs eScoKas /xot ck 
tcu Koo-fJLov. crol rjcrav Ka/xot aurovs cSwKas, Kal tov 

7 Xoyov crov TCTijprjKav. vvv r eyvwKav 1 otl ttolvtcl ocra •jcyras'H 

8 r €Sa>Ktts 1 /xot Trapa o-otj ctcrtv ore ra prjpara a r cSa)KaV 8e'8wKas|8€'ScoKd, 
/xot ScScoKa avrols, Kal avroi cAa/3ov kcu cyvaxjav d\r)6ios 

otl Trapa crov e^yXOov, Kal liri<JT*.v<jav otl <jv /xc a7rco~Tct- 

9 Aas. Eyco Trcpt a^Twi/ epcoTor oi; Trcpt rou Kocrpiov epeorw 

10 aAAa Trcpt (61/ 8c8a)Kas /xot, ort o*ot ctctv, /cat ra c/xa Travra 

11 era cortv Kal ra era e/xa, /cat ScSofaoTxat cv airrots. /cat ov- 

KCTt Ct/Xt €1/ T(3 KOO~/XW, Kat '"cH/TOl" 1 CV T(3 KOO"/X<i) ClCtV, KCtyO) OUTOt 

7rpos o~€ cp^o/xat. Trarcp aytc, rrjprjcrov aurovs cv tw -4^. 

ovo/xaTt crov w ScScoKas /xot, tva aicrtv cv Ka0ak ^/xcts. 

12 Ore >//xt;i/ /xct avrajv cyaj Irrjpovv avrovs cv tc3 oi^o/xart 
o~>oi; a> 8c'8<OKa9 /xot, /cat i<fiv\a£a, Kal ouScls c£ aurajv aTroa- 
Acro ct /xt; o rtos t?Js aTrwActas, tva 7; ypac^rj 7rXrjpo)8rj. 

13 vvv Sc Trpos o*€ cp^o/xat, Kat Tavra AaAw cv t<3 /cogt/xo) tva 
€^coo"tv r>yi/ yapav ttjv i/xrjv 7T£7r\rjp(j)picvr}v cv cavTOt?. 

14 'Eyoi ScdwKa avrois tov Aoyov crov, Kal o Kocrpios ipiicrrjcrzv 
avrovs, otl ovk ctcrtv c/c Tov Kocrjxov /cameos cycu ovk ci/xt 

15 c/c tou koct/xov. oi3/c epa)T(5 tva ap?;s ai?TOi;s e/c toi) ko- 

16 0-/XOV aXX Iva TTjpijcrrjs avTovs e/c tov Trovrjpov. Ik tov 
Kocrfxov ovk clalv Ka8ws cyci ovk ct/xt c/c tou koct/xov. 

17 aytacov clvtovs tv Trj aArjueta' o Aoyo? o o~os aA^C7cta 

18 ccrTtv. Ka8u)<s c/xe a7rcoTCt\as ct? tov Kocrfxov, Kayio 

19 aVcVTCtAa avrovs cts tov Kocrpiov /cat iJTrcp avrcuv [cyw] 
ayta£a) c/xauroVj tva wcrtv Kat avrot ^ytacr/xevot cv 

20 a\y)6eia. Ov ?rcpt totjtcov 8 c cpwTco piovov, 
aAAa Kat 7rcpt twv 7rtoTCi;ovTa)v 8ta toij Aoyou avTwv cts 

21 c/xc, tva 7ravTCS cv <3crtv, Ka^ws cru, 7raT>7p, cv c/xot Kayaj 

cv crot, tva Kat avrot cv >//xtv wo*tv, tva o Kocrpios TnaTCvr) Ap. 



230 KATA I&ANHN XVII XVIII 

on crv /xe aTreoraXas. Kayco rrjv Sd£av yv SeoWds /tot 221 
SeSa)Ka aurots, tva totriv tv kcl6u)s 77/xets eV, eyw lv avTois 23 
Kat tri> lv e/xot, tva cocrtv TereXetw/xcVct ets €j/, tva ytvw- 
^. 0-/07 ° C Kocfios on crv Lie aTrecrretXas Kat -qya-niqcra^ avrcis 

kol9u<s cfie tfydTrijoxvs. Tiarrjp, o ScSooKas pot, fleXaj Iva 24 
o-gv elfil cyo) KaKetvot alcrty /xer c/x,oi), tva tfewpwcrti/ r^v 
e5w/cas Sd£av rr}v c/x^V ?)V ""ck'ScWs" 1 /xot, crt ^yaV^crds jxe irpo 

KaTa(3o\rj$ koo-jjlqv. HaTrjp Slkcuc, kolL 6 ko<x/xos ce cvk e- 25 
yvco, eyci Se ere eyvwv, Kat oSrct cyvcoo'av on (tv /xs 
aVeoTetXag, kcu lyvwpicra arrets to ovo/xa trcv Kat yi'oo- 26 
pt'erco, tva rj dyd~rj rjv -qyaTrycrds /xe lv clvtols rj Kayo) tv 
arrots. 

TcrOra cl7ro)v 'Irjcrovs ItjrjXOtv crvv rots /xa^rats clvtgv 1 
-1 tov Ke'Spov f- izkpav rov Xct/xdppou r rcoV KeSpcov ' ottoi; ryv ktJttos, cts 6r 
tlcrrjXOev olvtos kcu ol LiaOrjTal a^ro{/. TySet oe Kat Icuoas 2 
d TrapaStSous ai5rdv tgv t6?tov s otl 7roXXaKts crvvq^Q-q 
ixerd t<Zv ttaOriTuv IrjcTGvs f Ikc.I /X€Ta rem/ p.aOr]T<Zv clvtotT. 6 ovv IovSas Xa- 3 
/?ooV tt}v cr7retpav Kat ck tc3v dpyiep£u>v kcll [Ik] raw <£apt- 
cratW v—rjperas cp-^crai Ikcl /xera ^cvcjv Kat Xap,7rdScov 
Kat oTrXcor. I^coi)* ow ctScus 7rai/7a ra ep^ofxeva lir av- 4 
rdv l£rjX6tv, Kat Xeyet clvto'ls Ttva ^retre ; direKpiOiqcrav 5 
'I^crov? aura) 'iTycrow rcV Na£a)patov. Xeyct aiVots Eyco cttu T . 

t(7T^K£t Se Kat 'IeuSas d 7rapaStSoi;5 aLrov /xer aura)V. 
cos ow ctTrev avrotg Eycu ct/xt, ctTr^X^av €ts ra OTrtcra) Kat 6 
€7T€crav ^a/xat'. iraXiv cvv CTrrjpcDTTjG-ev clvtovs TtVa 7 
ZflTeiTG ; ot Se €t7rav 'I^croSi' Tor Natjcapator. d.7reKpi0r] S 
I^croiJs EIttov i;/xtv ort cy<o et/xt* ct oJv c/xe ^rjrcLTe, 
ac/>erc toutovs i;7rayetv t^a 7r\r}pQ)6rj o Xoyos cv etTrcy 9 
otl Vv<s OeowKag /xot oi;k aTrwAccra e^ airo;^ ovoe^a. 
Hifiujv ovv Ilerpos e^/cor fxa^atpav etXKUcrei/ avrTyv Kat 10 
€7ratcrcv Tov totj dp^tcpecos Sc{)Xov Kat d-iriKOxj/cv avTov to 
ojTapLov to he^iov, rjv Se ovoliol r<3 SovXw MdX^os. 



aurou €Ket 



XVIII KATA IQANHN 231 

11 zhrev ovv o Irjcrovs r<2 Herpco ~BdXe rrjv p^d^aLpav cts 
rr)v OrJKrjv to TrorrjpLOV o 8£8u)k£v jxol 6 Trarrjp ov fxr] irim 
avro ; 

12 H OVV CTTTCtpa KCLl O ^tXtap^OS KOLL ol vTrrjpiraL rcov 

13 'IouSatwv o~vv£Xaj3ov rov Irjcrovv koll eSrjo-av avrov /cat 
rjyaycv irpos "Away 7rp<3TW ^i> yap rrrevOzpos rov Katac/>a, 

14 os rjv dp-^iep^vs rov Zvlglvtov Zk€lvov rrv SI Katac^as o 
crv/jifiovXcvcras rots IouSatots ort crvficfripeL Iva avOptoirov 

15 airoOaveiv virlp rov Xaov. HkoXovOcl Se t<3 
I?7crov Stjacoi/ liirpos /cat aAAos fxaOwj-qs. o Se jxa6r]rr)^ 

ZkcIvos r 7yv yvaxrros" 1 r<3 ap^tcp€t ; Kat o~vveto"fjXOev rco yi^c/Tog 91 

16 'I^crov et? t?)^ auA.?}i> tou ap^tepecos, o Se Ilerpos to~Tr/K€t 
Trpos T77 0"upa e£a). Z£rjX6ev ovv o jJLaOrjrrjs 6 aAAos 6 
yvcoo-Tos ro{? ap^tcpews Kat etTrev tt} Ovptopoi kol elo-rjyayev 

17 rov II irpov. Xeyct ow tw Ilerpa) 77 iraihicrKr} r] dvptopos 
M77 Kat air ck rcov fxaOrjrcDV et rov avOpcoTrov tovtov ; 

i3 Xeyet cKetVos Ovk clfxt. lo-rr]K€Lo~av Se ot SovXoc kolI ol 
VTr-qpirai avOpaKiav irzTrouqKore^ ort \j/v)(OS rjv, koll ZOep- 
IxaivovTO* rjv Se koll 6 Ilerpos /xar avrcov ecrrtos Kat Oep- 

19 ixaLvofxtvos. 'O ow ap^tepei;? rjpcorrjcrev rov 
'irjcrovv Trept rwy fxadrjTwv avrov Kat Trept r^s StSa^s 

20 a-urov. aTreKpidri avrco 'Irjcovs Eya> irapp-qcr ta XeXaX^Ka 
T(3 Kocrttar eyco TrdVroTe eStSa^a ev cwaytoyij Kat eV rep 
tepcp, o7roi; TrdVres ot 'IouSatot crvv£p)(ovraL, koX eV Kpvirrco 

21 ZXdXrjcra ovSiv rC /xe epcoras ; ZpcoTrjcrov rovs aKrjKooras 

22 rt ZXdXrjcra avrols* t§€ gvtol ot'Sacrti/ a €t7ror eycu. Ta£>7a 
Se aiToa) €t7rovTos ets Trapecrr^Kwg twv VTrrjperiov eSaiKev 
paTrtoyxa tw It^ctoi) ct/rcov Ovrws airoKpLvrj to) ap^ie- 

23 pet ; a7r€Kp(6r] avrco 'Irjcrovs Et KaKws ZXdXrj-a, ficp- 
rvprjcrov Trept to£ KaKOi) ■ ct Se KaXak, rt /xe Sepcts ; 

24 A?recrr€tXey ouy a-urov o 'Avvas SeSefievov Trpos Katac^ai/ 

25 rov ap^tepea. ^H^ Se ^l/jllov Ilerpos ccrrcos 
Kat OepnaLvofAevos. zlttov ovv avrio Mr) Kat en; ck tcuv /xa- 



232 KATA IQANHN XVIII 

0rjT(2v avrov ct; r)pvr]craTO Ikzlvos kolI ziirev Ovk ci/xtl 
Aeyet €ts €K t<Zv SovXiov tov apy/cpc'cog, (rvyyevrjs wy ov 26 
a7T€Koif/€v Ilerpos to (Ltlov Ovk iyo) ac ecbov iv r<3 ktJttq) 
/x€t avrov ; ttolXlv ovv rjpvrjoraTo Ilcrpos* kg! €v9e<i)<; dXi- 27 

KTGJp icj)(j*vr}(T€V. 

"Ayowtv ovv tov 'Irjorovv airo tov Katac^a cts to 28 
TpaiTwpwv* r)v Se irpoyi* Kai avToi ovk tlarjXOov cts to 
irpaiTwpiov, Iva fir] jjuav8waiv aXXa cfrayuxrw to Wcr^a. 
i£r}\0€V ovv 6 IIctXaTos 2£a) Trpds auTois Kat <jirjo'tv TtVa 29 
Kar-qyopiav <f>£p€T€ tov dvOpdirov tovtov ; dircKpiOrio-av 20 
/cat €t7rav avTO) Et /x^ rjv ovio% ko.kov itolwv, ovk dv ctol 
7rap€$wKajjL€v avTov. ct7rev ovv avTots HctXaros Ad/Sere 31 
cwtoV vfJLZis, koll Kara tov vojjlov vfxwv Kpivare avTov. throv 
avT(3 01 'IouSatot 'H/Ati> ovk etjccrTiv aVoKTetvat ouSei/a* 
tVa d Xdyo? toi) 'I^cro9 TrXrjpujdrj ov enrev arj [xatvcov 7rota> 32 
Oavdrio yjfjLcXXev aTroOvrjcrKCiv. YAorrjXOtv ovv 33 

irdXiv eis to 7rpaiTwpLov o IIctXaYos Kat icjuovrjo'ev TOV 
Itjctovv Kai dirty aura) 2ii ci o /3ao"tXei;s twj/ IouSatW ; 
airzKpWr] 'Irjcrovs Atto o-ea-uroi) cri touto Xeyas ?/ aXXot 34 
cTttov vol 7T€pl ejxov ; a7r€Kptdrj 6 IIctXaTog Mifn eyti 35 
IovSaio's cip,t ; to Wvos to o~ov koX ol apy/epets TrapecWaV 
(76 cp,ot' tc eTTOt^o-a? ; a7rcKpi8r] Irjcrovs *H /JacrtAet'a rj 36 
e/xTy ovk eo^Tii/ c/c toi; Kocrfiov tovtov el Ik tov koc/xov 
tovtov rjv rj /?aatXeia r) Ifxr], ol VTrrjpirai ol e/xot rjyutvi- 
£ovto av, Iva ^jny 7rapaSo#o3 Totg 'IovSatots* jw Se ^ 
/JacrtXcta 77 ep.7} ot;k carti/ ivT€v9ev. zlttcv ovv avTio 6 37 
IIciXttTOs Oi?/coi;i/ /?ao-tXciJS ct crv ; GMtKpiOri [d] 'I^crovs 
«'Mf, 5v Xeycts oTt /^acriXcv? r €t/u. n eyco cts to9to yeyivvrjfJLai 

Kai cts tovto eXrjXvOa cis tov Kocrfiov Iva /xapTvpTjo-u) Trj 
dXrjOeta' Tra? d (Lv e/< T17S aXrjOecas o\kov€.l fxov Trjs cjxovrjs. 
Xcyet avraJ d IIctXaTO? Tt io"Tiv dXrjOeia ; Kat 38 

tovto ehrtav irdXw Z^fjXOtv Trpos tovs 'IovSatbv?, Kat Xeyct 
avrols 'Eyci ovSefJLLav £i5pto"Ka> cv avr<5 atrtav co^Ttv §£ 39 



XVIII XIX RATA IQANHN 233 

avvqOeLa vfxiv tva eva diroXvcrix) vjxlv [cV] tw iraa^v 
/3ovXco-#c ovv aVoXvcrci) vplv tov fiacnXea rwv *IovSatW; 
40 iKpavyacrav ovv 7raA.1v Xcyovrcs Mr) tovtov dXXd tov 
Bapa/3/3av. rjv Sc d Bapa/?/3as X770T77S. 

1 Tore ovv cXa/3cv o IIctXaTOS tov 'I^crovV kol c/xaort- 

2 yaxjev. Kat ol Grrparttorat 7rXcfavTcs crcc^avov cf aKOLvOojv 
iiriOrjKav avrov Trj K€cj>aXrj, Kat t/xartov 7ropcf>vpovv 7rcptc- 

3 fiaXov avrov, koll i]pypvTQ 7rpds avrov kcu eXcyov Xatpc 
d /3acrtXcvs twv 'lovSatW* Kat cSt'Soaav aura) pa7rtcr/xara. 

4 r Kat i^rjXOev 1 irdXiv r cf a) d IIctXaTOS^ Kat Xeyct avrots "iSc 'E£r)A0ei/ 1 6 Ilei- 
ayo) v/uv avrov c£a>, tva yvcorc ort ovoc/xtav atrtav cvptcnao jp t 

5 cv avrw. k^rjXBev ovv [d] 'Ifyo-ovs cfw, cjyopwv tov di<dv6i- 
vov CTTCcfaavov Kat to 7ropcf>vpovv t/xdrtov. Kat Xc'yct av- 

6 rots iSov 6 av#pa)7ros. 6tc ovv ctSov avrov ol dp^tcpets 
/cat ot vzr^pcrat cKpavyao"av Xcyovrcs Sravpwcrov crrav- 
pwcrov. Xc'yct avrots d IlctXaros Ad/Jerc avrov vticts 
Kat oTavpcocraTC, cyci yap ov^ cvptcrKO) cv avr<I> atrtav. 

7 dircKpiOrjaav aura) ot 'IovSatot e H,acts vofxov l^o/xcv, 
Kat Kara rdv vofxov d<£et'Xci d7ro0avetv, drt vtdv ^cou 

8 cavrdv cTrot^crcv. Ore ovv rjKovcrtv o IletXaros rov- 

9 tov tov Xoyov, jxdXXov c^oySry^, Kat elcrfjXOev cis to 
TrpcuTwpLOV 7rdXtv Kat Xc'yct ra> 'I^crov IId#cv c t o"v ; d §s 

10 'I^o-ovs aTTOKpio-LV ovk cSojkcv avr<3. Xcyet ovv avra) o 
IlctXaros 'Extol ou XaXcts ; ovk otSas on c£ovcrt'av c^a) 

11 aTToXvoat ere koll cfovcrtav e^a) aravpwerat o~c ; a7T€Kpi0r) 
avra> 'Iryo-ovs Ovk ct^cs c£ovo"tav Kar' e^itov ovSc/xt'av ct /xtJ 
^v SeSo/xcVcv crot av<o0cv Std rovro d 7rapaSovs jae o-ot 

12 /xet£ova djxapTLav c^ct. ck rovrov d IlctXaros c£ryrct aTro- 
Xvo*at avrov ot 8e 'IovSatot cKpavyao*av Xeyovrcs 'Edv 
rovrov aTroXvcrr;?, ovk ct <£t'Xos rov Katcrapos* 7rds o 

13 (BacnXia eavrdv 7rotaji/ dvrtXcyct rw KatVapt. O ovv 
IlctXaros ctKOvcras rwv Xdycov rovrwv ^yayev cfa) rdv 

I^crov^, Kat cKa^tcrcv cVt /?7f/xaros cts tottov XtyofXtvov 



234 KATA IQANHN XIX 

AiOocTTpiDTOV, 'E/^pcucrTi Se Yaj3j3a6d. r)v Se irapa- 14 
/^>, CTKevrj tov 7ra<j)(a } copa 7jV cos e/cTT^. kcu Aeycc rots Iou- 

Satots s 'l8e o fiacnXevs vjjlwv. cKpavyacrav ovv Ikzivoi 15 
Apov apor, (rravpoxrov avrov. Xeyet ax/rocs o IletXaros 
Tov pacriXia vfxcjv crravptocro ; a77CKpi6rjcrav ol ap^tcpet? 
Ol>k e^ofiev fiacriXia a pLrj Ktucrapa. Tore ovv irapSnaKtv 16 
auroV avTols Iva cravpo^Ofj. 

UapiXafSov ovv tov 'Irjcrovv koL /3a<xra£a)i> aura) 17 
tot/ crrcrupoV l^rjXOcv €19 roV Xeyo/xci/ov "Kpaviov Tottw, 
ToXyod o XiycTcu 'E/^pal'oTt ToXyo^cT, o7rou avrov icrravpiocrav, 18 

feat /xer' avrov dXXovs Svo ivrcvOev koll ivrcv9ev, fiicrov Se 
tov 'Irjaovv. typcuj/ev §€ kcu tltXov 6 XleiXaros koll 19 
edrjKcv iirl tov aravpov' rjv Se ycypapLjiivcv IH^OYS 
O NAZOPAIOS O BASIAEYS TON IOYAAION. 
tgvtov ovv tov tltXov 7toXXol dviyvoocrav T(ov 'icruSai'cov, 20 
on cyyus r)v 6 T07ros rrjs ttoXcws oVou icrravpojOrj 
Irjcrovs' koll rjv yey papifxivov EjSpatcTTi, Pco/xaicrrt, EXX77- 
vkttl, IXtyov ovv tc3 IletXaTCi) ot ap^tepeis TcoV Iov- 21 
SatW M?} ypdcfre *0 /^acriXeus T(oV 'IouStuW, aXX' on 
CKetFO? cTtto' BacrtAeus tcoV 'IouSiucov cfyu. direKpidrj 22 

IletXaros 'O yiypacjya yiypacfaa. 

Ol ovv crrpartcorat otc icrravpoycrav tov Irjcrovv eXtx- 23 
/3gv tcl IfxaTta amov kcu iirocrjo-av Tecrcrepa /JLeprj, €Kacrra) 

(TTpCLTLWTr) /JbipOS, KCU TOV ^LTOJVa. TjV $€ 6 yiTWV aptX</>0?, 

4k twv avwOzv ixpavTos 8V oXov €L7rav ovv Trpos aXX?;- 24 
Aoi>s M77 crater oijuLev avrov, aXXa Xa^cofxev Trepl avrov 
Twos carat' Iva rj ypac^r) TrXrjpwOfj 

AieMGpiCANTO T<\ IMATIA MOY 6AYT0?C 

kai eni ton imaticmc)n Moy sBaAon KAhpON. 

01 fxkv ovv CTTpartcuTat ravra liroirjcrav' larr/Ketcrav bk 25 
Trapd tco erravpeo tov 'Irjcrov rj /xrjrrjp avrov /cat rj dSeX(f>r) 
Trj<s jmrjTpos avrov, Mapt'a rj tov KAa)7rd koI Mapta r] 
lAaySaXrjvrj. 'Irjcrovs ovv iSwv rrjv fxrjripa Kat tov fxaOrjrrjv 26 



XIX KATA IQANHN 235 

7rap€(TT(jjra ov r\ydiza Aeyet rrj fxrjrpi Tvvai, tSe 6 vlos 
27 croir citol Xiyci tu [laQrjTrj *1$€ rj jjL-rjrrjp crov. /cat aV Iku- 

1/775 ttJs (Spas cXa/3ev 6 jJLaOrjrrjs avrrjv ets tcl t'Sta. 
2 3 Mera tovto r etSa5s 6 *Irjorov<p on rjSrj iravra TCTeXccrrat 'i^croSs ei&i&s 

29 tVa tcXclojOtj 77 ypa$>rj Xiyet Al^CO. otccuos 1/cetTo o£oi>s 
[A€ctt6v cnroyyov ovv /xecTTOv tov oloyc VCT<T(JL>—(i> 7T€pi6il'- 

30 res TTpocnyveyKav avrov tw crofxari, ore ovv eXafiev to 
ofos [d] 'r^crovs etTrev TereXecrrat, /cat /c\:vas tt}v /ccc/>a- 

31 A77V TrapeOw/ccy to 7rvei;/xa. Ot ouv IouSatot, 
crrct TrapaaKevrj 77V, tva /X77 fi€Lvrj eVt toO crravpou ra ctoj- 

p.aTa ev t<3 o-a/3/3aTa>, rjv yap fxzyaXrj 77 rjfxepa r eK€tvov ' tov aced-q 

o~a/3/3arov, yp<I)T7]o-CLV tov TLeiXarov iva /caTeayaxrtv avTaV 

32 rot o-k£Xt] /cat apOwaiv. rjX6ov ovv ol crTpaTtarrat, /cat 
tov fxkv irpwrov Karea£av ra crKiXrj /cat tov dXXov tov 

33 o-vvaTOLV puOevTOS clvtu' eVt Se tov 'Irjacvv cXQovtcs, e;s 
ctSov 77S77 avTOV TeOvrjKora, cv Karia^av avrov rd cKeXrj, 

34 aAA' els twv crrpaTtwTdjv Xoyxfl avrov ttjv irXevpdv evv£cv, 

35 /cat c£f}X6cv ev6v<; at/xa /cat vSwp. /cat d Iwpa/caSs p-e/xap- 
TvprjKCV, Kal aXrjOtvrj avrov iarlv 77 p.aprvpta y /cat e/cetvos 

36 otSev oVt dXrjOrj Aeyet, tVa /cat i>p.ets irto~rcvrjrc. iyivtro 
yap ravra Iva 77 yp^V TrXrjpwOr) 'OcTOyN of CYNTpi- 

37 BhCGTAI AYTOf. /cat rrdXiv ere'pa ypac/>?7 Aeyet OyON- 
TAI GIC ON fc2eK6NTHCAN. 

38 Mera Se TavTa rjpo'nrjcrev tov IletAarov 'Icocr?}^ a7rd 
\Apt/xa0atas, <£v fxaOrjrrjs [tov] 'Itjctqv /ce/cpu/xp.evos Se Sta 
tov cfsofiov tu>v 'IouSatW, tva ap?7 to crw/xa tou It70"ou' 
/cat iircTpcxJ/ev 6 IIctXaTOS. T^/V^ev ovv /cat 77pev to o~c3/xa 

39 aurcu. rjXQcv 8e /cat NtKo / S77p-os, d cXOiov 7rpds a^Tov 

VU/CTOS TO 7TpWTOV, c/>c'pCDV ' tXiy fJLO? 0-JXVpvr]S Kal dXorjS 03$ /xcy/xa 

40 XtVpas c/caTov. cXafiov ovv to crw/xa tou It7ctoG Kat 
eSyjaav avro oOovlols /xcto tco^ apcattccTcov, /cameos €#os 

41 eoTtv Tots 'IouSatots evTa<£ta£etv. 77V Se ev tc3 tottw ottou 
ccrravpiLO-q kt/ttos, /cat cv tw kt^ttoj [jlvt]{JL€lov kolwov, iv 



236 KATA IQANHN XIX XX 

(2 ovScttoj ouSels tjv Te#etp,eVos' ckcZ ovv Sta tt}v Trapa- 42 
cr/cci^y rwy 'IouSatW, ort iyyvs rjV to fJLvrjfJLeiov, ZOtjkolv 
tov Irjcrovv. 

Trj Se jjua t<2v <raf3fBa.T<jyv Mapta 77 M^aySaXTpnij cp- i 

ytTCLl TTpOH (TKOTLCL5 €TL OVCTrjS CtS TO /XV7J fJLCLOV , KCU fiXllTCL 

tov XiOov ypfjiivov ck tov fjLvrjjJLZLov. Tpe^ct ouV itat cp- 2 
^erat Trpds St/xcora Ue-pov kcll 7rpos toi/ aA/W fJLaOrjTiijv 
ov c<£tAet d iTycroi)?, Kat Acyet aureus 'Hpay tov kiJ- 
ptoy Ik tov fjLvqfie-iov, /<at cuk ot'Sa/xev ttoi; eOrjKav au- 
tov. 'Ef^A^ey o5i/ d Ilerpos Kat d aAAos jaa- 3 

OrjTijs, kcu rjp\0VTO cts to jxvrjfxelov. eTpe^ov Se ot Suo 4 
ojjlov* kcll 6 aAAos fxaOrjTrjs TrpoiSpajxev to^elov tov 
HtTpov kcu rjXOev Trpwros ets to [avtjiauov, /cat, TrapctKvij/as 5 
fiXerreL KCL/JLtva to) 69 ov ta, ov jxivTOi clcrrjXOev. tpy^Tcu 6 
ovv kcu 2t/xo>y Ilerpos olkoXovOcov aurw, Kat elcrfjXOev cts 
To ixvrjfxeLOV' kcu Octipei to. oOovlol Ketjaeva, kcu to crou- 7 
Sdptov, o r\v irn t-^s K€<f>aXrjs olvtov, ov /xcTa tu>v oOovlcov 
K€ifX€vov dXXd x<opts IvTeTvXiyfxevov cts cVa tottoi/* totc 8 
ow elcrrjXOcv Kat d aAAos fJLaOrjTrjs 6 iXOwv 7rparros cts to 
jJLvrjjjLciov, kcu cISci> kcu 1-iricrTz.vcrzv ovSeVw yap ^Sctaai/ 9 
ttJv ypacfrrjv otl Set avrdv €/c vtKpiov avaorTyvat. dirrjXOov icr 
ovv irdXtv irpos olvtovs ol fxaOrjTaL Mapta 8e n 

LCTTrjKCL TTpOS TW fJLV7]fX£Llx) C^G) KAatOVO*a. (OS OUJ/ ZkXcUZV 

7rapiKv\j/cv cts to p-v^/xetov, Kat OtwpzZ o*vo dyyeAcus iv 12 
AcukoIs Ka(9c£o/xcVot;s, cva Trpds T77 KecjyaXrj Kat cVa 7rpds 

TOtS TTOCTLV, 077017 CKUTO TO CW/Xa TOl) 'i^CTOl). Kat AeyOVCTtl/ 13 

On r/pa»/ a^r?} eKetrot Ti;i/at, rt KAatets ; Aeyet avrots r oTt ^Hpai/ 1 tov 

Kvptdv /xov, Kat ovk ot8a 7roi) eOrjKav glvtov. tolvtol cL7rovcra 14 
icTTpacfar] ets Ta o7rto-o>, Kat Oeoipet tov *lrjcrovv eo"T(i3Ta, Kat 
o^k ^i8et ort 'I^o-o^s €cttlv. Acyct a^r^ 'loom's Twat, 15 
Tt KAatets; TtVa ^rcts; ck€lvt] SoKovcra otl o Krjirovpos 
io"TLV Xiy€L olvtw Kvpte, ct av e/5acrTacras a^ro^, ehrk /xot 
7T0V WrjKas avrov, Kayco avTov apaJ. Aeyct aurr} 'I770-OVS i5 



XX 



RATA I&ANHN 



237 



Mapta/x. o~rpac/>€tcra e/cetVr/ Xeyet avr<2 E/3pato~Tt 'Pa/3- 
17 (3 owe l (b XeyeTOLL AtSacrKaXe). Xiyec avrrj Irjcrovs r M^ 
jjlov oltttov*, OV7T0) yap avafiejBrjKa Trpos rov Trarepa* 7ro- 
pevov Se 7rpos tous aSeXc^oi;? jjlov kcli €t7re avrot? 'Ara- 
ySatVw 7rpos rov Traripa. jjlov kcll Trarepa v/xcov kcu 6eov jjlov 
i3 Kat #eoV -J/xaJj/. ep^erat Mapta/x 77 MaySaX^v?} ayye'X- 
Xovcra rots jxaOrjTais otl 'EcopaKa tov Kvpiov kcu raiVa 

€LTT€V aVTYj. 

19 Ovcrrjs ovv 6\pia.s rrj rjjJLepa iKCivrj rfj /xta cra/3/3drLov, 
kcll tcov 6vpwv KCKXetcr jjl£vu>v 07rov rjcrav 61 jxaOyjTol Sta tcv 
<f>oj3ov T(2v 'iouSat'wv, 7]X0€V o Irjcrovs koll icrrrj cts to 

20 fiicrov, /cat Xeyet arrets Etp^i/77 vjjllv,- Kat roiVo elinvv 
4'Set^ci/ Kat Tas ^etpas Kat r^v 7rX€i>paV avrotg. l^dprjcrav 

21 ow ot fjLadrjTal tSoVres rov Kvpcov. eTirev ovv atVots [o 
Lyo-ov?] irdXtv l&lprjvrj vjjllv Ka^co? aVeoTaXKeV tie o 

22 Trarrjp) Kayw 7re' ; U7ra> vjjlols. /cat tovto ct7rcoi/ ivccj^vcrrjcrev 

23 /cat Xeyet aiVots Aa/^ere irvevjia dytov aV r rtva)i/ ac/^re 
Tas a/xapTtag r a<£ea)i/Tat arrets* av tlvwv KpaTrjre /cc/cpa- 
Trprrau 

24 ®co/xas Se ets c/c toji/ ScoSeKa, o Xeyd/xevos AlSvjjlos, 

25 oi'/c 971/ /xer avrcov ore T^X^ei/ I^orovs. eXeyov ovv auTw 
ot aXXot jLaOrjrai 'Ecopa/ca/xei/ toi/ Kvpiov. 6 Se €ltt€V 
olvtols Eav /x?y tow eV rat? ^epcrtv avrou toV t-u77w tcuv 
rjXwv Kat j3dXoi rov SaKTvXov jjlov ets rov tt;7toj/ tojj/ rjXwv 
Kat /3dXo) jjlov rrjv X^P a £ k T9 7 ,/ T^upaV ai/rov, ot; xt?} 

26 7Tto~Tei;o~a>. Kat xie# ?7/xepag oktoj 7raXti/ ^craz/ 
€0*0) ot jxaQYjroX avrov Kat ©w/xa? xier' aurwv. Ip^erat o 
iTycrovs t<£j/ 6vp<Zv K€kX€Lctjjl€vo)V, Kat ecrr^ cts to jxicrov 

27 Kat ct7rei/ ~Elprjvr) vplv. etra Xeyet to) ©a)/xa ^>epe 
rov oaKT^Xov croi> a;Se Kat t'Se ras ^etpas /xou, Kat c/>epc 
TT^y X € ~P a °" 01; Ka ^ ^«^- e e ^s r^v irXevpdv jjlov, Kat /xt; yt- 

28 vov aTTtcrros aXXa Trtoros. (nrcKpLOrj ®w/xas Kat ct7rei/ 

29 aiVw 'O Kvpcos jjlov Kat o ^cos ftou Xeyct avrto [d] 'Iiy- 

16 



M^ anrov /xov 



TIV05 . . . Tt;o? 
d(})CovTai 



238 RATA IQANHN XX XXI 

(Tovs *Otl ewpa/cas /xe 7r€7rtoTeu/cas : /xa/captot ol fir) 

iSoWcS /Cat 7rL(TT€V(TaVT€<;. 

IloAAa, jxlv ovv /cat aAAa cr?7/x€ta cTrotrjcrev o Irjcrovs 30 
Ivminov t<dv fJLa$r]Tiov T , a ovK ecrrtv yeypa/x/xeVa eV T(3 
fii t 8\iii) tovtco* rcwra SI yiypairrai tVa TrtcrTC^TC ort 'It/- 31 
crovs lariv 6 xptaros o mds tov 0cou, /cat Iva 7tlo-t€vovt€<; 
Zjurjv ^XV T€ * v T( ? ovo/xaTi avrov. 



META TAYTA ec/>av€pa)o-ey eavrov ttolXlv 'Irjcrovs 1 
Tots fxaOrjrais eVt t^s OaXdcrcrrjs rrjs Ti/2epta8os* ec/>ave- 
po)(T€v Se ourcos. ^Haav dp.o{> %ifxoiv IleVpos /cat ©co- 2 

/xas o Acyo/xej/os AtSv/xos kcu NaOavarjX o a7ro Kava t??s 
PaAtAatas /cat ot to£> Ze/JeSatou /cat dXXoi e/c tgjv /xaOrjrojv 
avrov Svo. Aeyet airots St/xan/ Xlerpos c Y7raya> aAteuetv 3 
Aeyouo-tv avrw 'Ep^d/xc^a /cat T^/xets crui/ o"ot. i£rjX6av 
/cat ivefirjcrav ets to 7rAotov ? /cat eV €KCivr} ttJ vu/crt kiiiatrav 
ovoev. 7rpa)tas Se 17S77 ytvofxivrj^ ecrrrj 'Irjcrovs r ets n tov 4 
atytaAoy ov jmevToi rjSeicrav ol fxaOyral otl Irjcrovs Icttlv. 
Aeyet ovv avTOts 'I^o-ovs IlatSta, to; ti 7rpocrc/>ayioi> e^e- 5 
re; 0i7reKpidrjaav aura) Ou. d Se et7r€V avrots BaAere 6 
ets ra Sefta /*ep?7 roG 7rAotou to Slktvov, kcu evpijcrcTe. 
efiaXov ovv, kcu ovkItl clvto kXKvcrai tcr^yov aVo tov ttXtj- 
6ovs T(2v l^Ovoiv. Aeyet ovv 6 jJLadrjTrjs e/cetvos ov T/yaVa 7 
o Irjcrovs tco Ilerpw O Kvpios iariv. %l/xwv ovv Ilerpos, 
a/coucras oTt 6 /cvptds ccttlv, tov eVevSu-n/v Ste^cacraro, tjv 
yap yvfxvos, kcu efiaXcv kavTov ets ttjv 6dXao~crav ol Se 8 
aAAot fxaOrjTal tw 7rAotapta) rjXOov, ov yap ^crav /xa/cpay 
aVd t^s y^S aAAa cos a7ro Trrj^wv dtaKocncDV, crvpovT*.*; to 
hiKTVOV twv l^Oviav, 'Os oSi' a7rej3r]crav ets T7}r y^v /?Ae-9 
Trovctv dvOpaKidv K€ip.£vrjv Kal oxj/apiov eTrt/cettwov Kat 



XXI RATA IQANHN 239 

10 dprov. Xeyet avrols [o] 'Irjcrovs 'Eve'yKaTe d-ird r<Zv 

n 6\!/apt(x)V <Lv eVtacraTe vvv. dv£/3r) ovv 2t/xa)v II eVpos koX 

etXKverev to Slktvov ets tt}v yvjr fxeo-rov lyOvuiV /xeyaXcoy 

CKaTOV 7T€VT7]KOVTa TpLiOV Kat TOO"OVTa)V OVTtOV OVK 6fT)(LCr9r] 

12 to StKTVov. Xeyet avYots [d] 'I^crovs AcvYe dpicrrrjcrar^ 
ovSets eVdX//,a tcov fiaOrjTwv l^rdaat avrov ^v ri% et; 

13 etSoVes oTt d Kvp-tds iartv. ep^erat 'I^crovs Kat XafxfidveL 

14 Tor dprov Kat StStocrti/ avrots, Kat to oif/dptov d/xotws. Toi/- 
to ^§77 rpirov icf)av€p(L6rj 'Irjcrovs Tots fxadrjraLS eyep^ets 

€K V€Kp<JJV. 

15 ^Otc o5V rjpi(TT7](Tav Xeyet tw 2t/xwvt TLirpta d 'I77- 
crovs ^LfJUDV I(a)olvov, aya7ras jtxc 7rXeoi> Toirrcov; Xeyet av»- 
T(3 Nat, Kvpte, ay oTSas OTt <£tXa> ere. Xeyet aura) Bd- 

16 (TK€ rd dpvLa [xov. Xeyet avTQ) TrdXiv Sevrepov St/xtov 
'icodVov, dyairas /xe; Xeyet avT<3 Nat, Kvpte, crv otSas 

OTt </>tXto CT€. Xeyet CLVTW UoifXOLlVt Ta r 7rpof3aTL(X ] fXOV. Trpc'jSara 

17 Xeyet aurw to rpirov ^i/xidv Iu)avov, c/>tXets /xe; iXviryOrj 
6 Hirpos on ctTrci/ avTw to rpirov ^tXets /xe; Kat et7rei/ 
avTto Kvpte, rrdvra cru otSag, au ytvaKTKets OTt c/>tXa> ere. 

18 Xeyet avT(l> l7yo-oi5s BdcrKe rot r 7rpof3drLcC fJtov. ap.rjv a/xrjv irpd/3a7a 
Xcya) crot, ore ^s vearrepos, e£aWues creavToi/ Kat 7repte- 

7raTCt5 oVou rjOeXcs' orav Se yrjpdarjs, c/cTCVCts Tas X c *-l°°k 

19 crov, Kat aXXos ^wcret o~e Kat otcret o7rou oi> 0eXet9. rovro 
Se et7rei/ o-qpLaivoiV iroLia 6avdr<p Sofacret rov 6t6v. Kal 

20 toito etTrajp Xeyet avru) AkoXovOcl jjlol. 'E7rt- 
crr panels 6 Hirpos fiXiiru rov /JiaOrjrrjv ov 7Jyu7ra 6 
'Irjcrov? aKoXovOovvra, e? Kat dviirtcrzv iv tc3 SetVi/a) €7rt ro 
crrrjOos avrov Kat ct7rc^ K/uptc, Tts co~Ttv d 7rapa8tSov? ere; 

21 toittov 0S1/ tSwv d Iler/Dos Xeyet tw I?ycro9 Ki;pte, ouros Se 

22 Tt ; Xeyet avrco 6 'Irjaovs 'Ear amov 9iXo) fxivetv ew? 

23 ep^o/xat, Tt 7rpds ere; crv fxoi aKoXovdet. 'JZ^rjXOev ovv 
oiros d Xdyos ets Toi;? dSeXcfaovs ore 6 fJLa&rjrrjs eKetvos 
ouk diroOvrjO'K e:. ovk €t7re^ Se airra) d 'iTycroi;? OTt ovk a- 



240 RATA IQANHN XXI 

iroOvrjcrKtiy aAA' 'EaV avrov 6iXo) fiiuciv ews cp^o/xai, 
Tt 7rpos ere; 
kcu J [6] Kai Ouros icTTtv o jxaOrjr^ o fxapTvpiov 7T€pl tovt(ov r K.aL 24 

<T ypai^as raura, Kal olSajjiev on (iXtjQyjs avrov y fiaprvpCa 

icTTLV. 

Ap. Eottlv Se /cat, aXXa woWa a iwoLYjarev o lrjcrovs, ariva 25 

car ypdcf>r]Tai kolO* ev, ov$* avrov olficu tov Kocrfiov X^PV' 
&€iv ra ypac/)G/jt€va fiifiXCa, 



TTEPI MOIXAAIAOZ nEPiKOnH 

[FkATA IOOANHN VII 53 - VIII nj 



53 [KAI EIIOPEYQHSAN €kol<ttos eis t6v oTkov olvtov, 
I 'I^crous Se iiropajOrj €t<? to "Opos 7W EAcucji/. "Op9pov 
Se TraXti/ r 7rap£y£vtT0 y c('s to iepoV[, /cat, 7ras o Xaos rjpytTO ?,\6€v 

3 ?rpos avroV, Kal kolOlo-ols iSlSao-KCV clvtovs]. *A.yovciv Se 

ot ypa/ma.7€t9 feat ol <I>api<xaroi r yt>i/aiKa Ittl fiot^eta kcltcl- eVi afxapria yv- 

4 ArjfAfxevrjv, koll crr-qaavra glvttjv tv /xecra) Aeyowiv aura) tiroi/ 
AiSacr/caAe, auny ^ yuv>7 r KaTuX-qirrai? hz avTOcfrwpw fxoi- elA^Ta* 

5 ^evofievrj' Iv §€ tw vofAQ) [tj/jllv] Mwua^s iverccXaro rds 

6 roiaarras XiOd^tw <rv r ovv ) Tt Aeye(,s T ; [touto Se eA.eyov 5e | Trepi avr>7$ 
7rapa£oi>T€S olvtov, tva e^wcrtv KaTrjyoptLV olvtov.] 6 Se 
'Irjaovs Kara) Kvij/as tw SaKT^Xw r KaTeypacf)€v^ cis tt^v y^v. Zypafav 

7 (OS 8e €7T€/XCVOV CpCOTtoVTCS [aUToV] , dv€KV\j/€V KCLL €L17€V 

[aurots] 'O dvaixdpTrjTOS vfiajv 7rpwro? cV' aur^v r /?aXera) [ T w] Aitfov paAeVw 

8 XiOov 1 ' Kal TrdXlV r KOLTOLKVlj/as* T €ypacf)€V €IS T^V y^V. *aTa> *vi//a? | T<p 

9 ol oe aKcwcravTCS e^rjpypvTO ets Kat7 as ap^afxevot o.tto twv 
7Tp€0~/3vTipu)V T , Kal KaTeXcLcj>9r] fxovo^ ", koI rj yvvrj kv jjlcctu) ApA | o 'Itjo-ov? 

io oixxa. dvoLKvij/as 8e o 'Ir/crous €t7rei/ r avTrj Tvvoll, ttoxP rfj yvpauu llou 
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dvao~TaTwcravTC<s ovtol Kal ivOdSe 7rapctcrtv, ovs viroSi- 7 



XVII HPASEI2 AII02TOAQN 2^7 

ScKTat 'Iacrcov Kal ovtol 7ravT€S airivavri tc3v Soy/xaVcov 
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11 'IovSatW a7T7J€(Tav ovtol Se 770-av cuyevecrrepot tcov iv ®ccr- 
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13 oi5k oXtyot. 'Os Se lyvtocrav ol airo tyjs ®eo~aaXovLKr]5 
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6 Xoyos tov Oeov, tjXOov KaKet craXeuovTCs Kat Tapao~o~ovTes 

14 tovs o)(Xovs. tvOews Se Tore tov IlavXov c£a7reo-T€tXav ot 
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tov St'Xav Kat tov Tt/xo#eov tva cos Ta^tcrTa eXOwcnv 7rpos 
aurov efrfecrav. 

16 'Ev Se Tat? 'A^ryvats ckSc^o/xci/oi; avTOV? tou IlavXov, 
7rap(x>£vveTo to TrvevfAa avTOv iv aurco BetopovvTOs KaTet§a>- 

17 Xov owav tt^v 7roXtv. SteXey cto /jiev ouv ev Trj avvayoiyrj 
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18 iraaav 77/xepav 7rpos tcvs irapaTvy^avovTa^. Ttves Se Kat 
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20 StSa^if; ^cvt^ovTa yap Ttva etcrc/)€pct? €ts Tag aKoas ly/xcuv 



288 IIPAEEIS AII02T0AQN XVII 

fiovXojxeOa ovv yytorat riva OiXei ravra etvat. AOtjvcuol 21 
§e ttoVtcs Kat ol en-tS^itovvTes t;lvoi ets ov&kv zrepov tjv- 
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IlauAos iv /xeVa) rov 'Apetou Udyov tcfrrj "ArSpes 'A9rj- 
vaioiy Kara irdvTa cos SetcrtSatttoveoTepovs v/xds #etopar 
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/cat /3to/xoV ey (5 iirzyiypaTTTo ArNOSTO ®EO. o ot)v 
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7T017J7WV €Lp7]KacriV 

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Aiovvcrtos [d] 'ApeoTraytrT/s Kat yuy^ ovojxaTL Aa/xapts Kat 
ercpot crw arrots. 



XVIII HPAaEIS AII02TOAI2N 289 

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Xoyov Kat 01/o/xaTwv /<at vopiov tov kolO u/xa?, oip€0~8e avrol* 



290 IIPA3EI2 AnOSTOAON XVIII 

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Tats 67rws aVoSe^tovrai tov a^6pa*(- 



XVI II XIX IIPASEIS AII02T0AQN 291 

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14 ?)o"av oe Ttyos 2k£v<x 'IovSatov dp^tcpecos €7rTa vtot tovto 

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etn-ei' H 



292 IIPASEIS AH02T0AQN XIX 

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fiat, vjjlus 8k rtVes ecrre; kcu £<£>aXopLevos o av6pa)iro<; 16 
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Kvpiov o Xdyos rjv^avev /cat tcr^cv. 



OS AE EIIAHPO0H TaSra, €#€TO d IlavXos cV raJ 21 
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XIX XX UTASEIS An02TOAON 293 

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30 IlauXov Sc /3ovXofxivov tlcreXOeiv cts toV StJjjlov ovk eliov 

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XXV XXVI nPASEIS AII02T0AQN 307 

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XXVI XXVII IIPAEEI2 AIIOSTOAQN 309 

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3IO IIPASEI2 AIIOSTOAON XXVII 

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12 



nPASEIS AnOSTOAON XXVII XXVIII 



Ap. 

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toA/x<5 7rpos rov Oeov ov yap r ToA/x7ycrco n Tt XaXctv Zv ov /caTcip- 18 

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/cameos ycypaTrrat 

Ok otfK d^jyYeAT; n '0vf0NTAI 0IC OYK ANHTfeAH Hepl AyTOY^, 

rat KAI 0? OYK AKHKOACIN CYNHCOYCIN. 



XV XVI IIP02 PQMAI0Y2 375 

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23 njvt Se jJLrjKtTL tottov c^ojv ei> rots K/\t/xao-t Tourots, iirnro- 

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28 XcLTOvpyycr at avrotg. tovto ovv CTrtTeAecra?, Kal cr<£payt- 
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30 /xart evAoytas Xptcrrou iXevaofiai. UapaKaXtu 
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5 7rao-at at cKKA^crtat rcov £^vc3i/, Kat tt/v Kar olkov avruv 
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6 cartj/ a7rap\rj Trjs 'AcrLas ets Xpto"TOV. acr7racracr^c Maptav, 4/- 



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t^5 elpyvrjs o-vvrpLif/a rov Sarai/dv vtto tot;? 7roSas vjjlojv 
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XVI IIP02 PQMAIOY2 277 

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fJLTJ K€VO)6rj O O-TCLVpOS TOV ypiCTOV. 

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19 yiypa-KTai yap 

'AnoAd) THN COC()IAN TOON COCOON, 

KAI THN CYN6CIN TOON CYNeTGON A06THCOO. 

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28 to-^vpa, Kat Ta dytvrj tov /cdcrp.ov Kat rd l^ovOevqpiva 
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