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GENEA^ii*li^ND Biographical -^7 






MoTT Memorial Hall, No. 64 Madison Avenue, 


Rev. BEVERLEY R. BETTS, Chairman. 
Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON, ex-officio. 




Press of J. J. Little & Co. , Astor Place, New York. 

/ ) 


IE IRDSKT I^E^. SARfflOJEL !p[a©^®®STjl 


Original Portrait in. dve ■aosaessiou of DT Jain es R.Chi1toii . 


Vol. XVIII. NEW YORK, JANUARY, 1887. No. i. 


By Gen. Ja.s. Grant Wilson. 

[With a Portrait of BishoJ> Provoost.) 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

" It is a pleasing fancy which the elder Disraeli has preserved, somewhere, 
in amber, that portrait-painting had its origin in the inventive fondness of 
a girl, who traced upon the wall the iirofile of her sleeping lover. It was 
an outline merely, but love could always fill it up and make it live. It is 
the most that I can hope to do for my dear, dead brother. But how many 
there are — the world-wide circle of his friends, his admiring diocese, his 
attached clergy, the immediate inmates of his heart, the loved ones of his 
hearth — from whose informing breath it will take life, reality, and beauty." 
These beautiful words are borrowed from Bishop Doane, of New Jersey, who 
used them as an introductory paragraph in a memorial of one of Bishop Pro- 
voost's successors, Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright. They are also, in a 
measure, suitable for the same purpose on this occasion. 

The Provoosts are of Huguenot origin, and first settled in the New World 
in the year 1638. They came from Normandy, where the name may be seen 
in Rouen and elseyvhere, at this day, in the various forms of Prevot, Pre- 
vort, Prevost, and Provost. It is unnecessary for me to enter upon the 
genealogy of this ancient New York family, as that has already been done 
by Edwin R. Purple, in the sixth volume of the Society's quarterly publica- 
tion, The Record. John Provoost, fourth in descent from David, the first 
settler, and father of the future bishop, was a wealthy merchant, and for 
many years one of the Governors of King's College.f His wife, Eve, was 
a daughter of Harmanus Rutgers. Samuel was their eldest son. He was 
born in the city of New York, February 26, 1742, and was one of the seven 
graduates of King's (now Columbia) College at its first commencement, 

*A portion of this address appeared in The Centennial History of tlie Protestant 
Episcopal Church of the Diocese of Ne.v York, 17S5-1SS5. New York, 1SS6. 

f tlis cousin David was known as " Ready-money Provoost," from his gi-eat wealtl 
and willingness to use it promptly in loans and speculation. His widow married agair 
and became the mother of General William Alexander, Earl of Stirling. 

2 Samuel Frovoost, First Bishop of New York. [Jan., 

in 1758, carrying off the honors, although the youngest but one of his class. 
His classmates were the Rev. Joshua Bloomer ; Judge Isaac Ogden, of the 
Supreme Court of Canada ; Jost-ph Reade, of New Jersey, Master in 
Chancery ; Rudolph Ritzema, lieutenant-colonel in the British army ; Col- 
onel PhiHp Van Cortlandt, of the American service, and Samuel Ver- 
planck, one of the (Governors of King's College. Among others who soon 
after were graduated at Provoost's alma mater, and who at a later period 
all became his personal friends, were Alexander Hamilton, Egbert Benson, 
John Jay, Robert R. Livingston, Henry Rutgers, and Gouverneur Morris. 
In the summer of 1761 young Provoost sailed for England, and in No- 
vember of the same year entered St. Peter's College, Cambridge. He 
soon became a favorite with the master, Dr. Edmund Law, afterward Bishop 
of Carlisle, and the father of Lord EUenborough, and two English bishops. 
John Provoost, being an opulent merchant, his son enjoyed, in addition to 
a liberal allowance, the advantage of an expensive tutor in the person of 
Dr. John Jebb, a man of profound learning, and a zealous advocate of civil 
and religious liberty, with whom he corresponded till the doctor's death in 
1786. in February, 1766, Mr. Provoost was adr)iitted to the order of dea- 
con at the Chapel Royal of St. James' Palace, Westminster, by Dr. Richard 
Terrick, Bishop of London. During the month of March he was ordained, 
at the King's Chapel, Whitehall, by Dr. Edmund Kean, Bishop of Chester. 
In St. Mary's Church, Cambridge, he married, on June 8th of the same 
year (1766), Maria, daughter of Thomas Bousfield, a rich Irish banker, re- 
siding on his beautiful estate of Lake Lands, near Cork, and the sister of 
his favorite classmate. Provoost's brother-in law, Benjamin Bousfield, 
afterward a member of the Irish Parliament, wrote an able reply to Ed- 
mund Burke's celebrated work on the French Revolution, which was pub- 
lished in London in 1791. The young clergyman with his attractive and 
accomplished wife sailed in September for New York, and in December he 
became an assistant minister of Trinity Parish, which then embraced Sf. 
George's and St. Paul's, the Rev. Samuel Auchmuty, rector, the Rev. John 
Ogilvie and the Rev. Charles Inglis, assistant ministers. During the 
summer of 1769 Mr. and Mrs. Provoost visited Mrs. Bousfield and her 
son on her estate in Ireland, and spent several months in England, and on 
the Continent. 

Some time previous to the commencement of the Revolutionary War 
Mr. Provoost's connection with Trinity Church was dissolved. Dr. Ber- 
rian and other writers are wrong in giving the year 1770 as the date of 
this event. From indorsements on MS. sermons submitted to the speaker 
it appears that Provoost was preaching regulaily in the parish church and 
chapels as late as the month of December, 1771. It is probable that the 
connection was continued beyond this date, possibly as late as the begin- 
ning of 1774. The reasons assigned for the severance of this connection 
were — first, that a portion of the congregation charged him with not being 
sufficiently evangelical in his jireaching ; and, second, that his patriotic 
views of the then approaching contest with the mother country were not in 
accord with those of a majority of the parish. Before the spring of 1774 
Mr. Provoost purchased a small place in Dutchess (now Columbia) County, 
adjacent to the estate of his friends, Walter and Robert Cambridge Living- 
ston, who had been fellow-students with him in the English University, 
and removed there with his family. At East Camp, as his rural retreat 
was called, the patriot preacher occupied himself with literary pursuits 


Samuel Provoosf, First Bishop of New York. 

atid with the cultivation of his farm and garden. He was an ardent dis- 
cii)le of the Swedish Linnaeus, and he possessed, for that period, a large and 
vahiable library. Provoost was, perhaps, the earliest of American biblio- 
l>hiles. Among his beloved books were several magnificent Baskerville?, 
numerous volumes of sermons, and other writings of English bishops, 
including the scarce octavo edition of the poems of the eccentric Richard 
Corbet, of whom Provoost related many anmsing anecdotes ; a rare Vene- 
tian illustrated Dante of 1547; Rapin's ^//t,--/.?;/^, in five noble folios; a 
collection oi America?.ia and Elzeviriana, and not a few incunabula, includ- 
ing a Sweynheym and Pannartz imjirint of 1470.* These were chiefly 
purchased while a student at Cambridge, and contained his armorial book- 
plate, witii his name engraved, 
Sanuiel Provost. It was not 
until 1769 that he adopted the 
additional letter which appears 
in his later book-plate and sig- 

While in the enjoyment of 
his books and flowers and 
farm, and finding happiness in 
the society of his growing 
family and his friends, the 
Livingstons, and far away from 
" the clangor of resounding 
arms," Mr. Provoost occasion- 
ally filled the pulpits of some 
of the churches then existing 
in that part of the diocese — at 
Albany, Catskill, Hudson, and 
Ponghkeepsie. At the latter 
place he preached the con- 
secration sermon at Christ 
Church, the Rev. John Beards- 
ley, rector, on Christmas Day, 
1774. In the following year, 
among his literary recreations 
was the translation of favorite 
hymns in Latin, French, German, and Italian ; also the preparation of an 
exhaustive index to the elaborate " Historia Plantarum" of John Baushin, 
whom he styles the "prince of botanists" on a fly-leaf of the first volume 
of this work, purchased while at Cambridge University in 1766. To the 
year 1776 belong the passages appended below, which are written on 
the last leaf of a sermon that would seem to have been delivered in St. 
Peter's Church, Albany : " In times of impending Calamity and distress, 
when the liberties of America are imminently endangered by the secret 
machinations and open assaults of an insidious and vindictive administra- 
tion, it becomes the indispensable duty of these hitherto free and hajipy 

* The author of this address is fortunate in the possession of two of Bishop Benjamin 
Moore's Sermons, printed by Hugh Gaine, at the Bible, in Hanover Square, in 1792-3, 
bound together, from the library of Bishop Provoost, and containing his book-plate as 
seen on this page. He has also in his possession the MS. Sermon preached by the Bishop 
at the General Convention of 1795. 

A Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. [Jan., 

Colonies, with true penitence of heart, and the most reverent Devotion, 
publicly to acknowledge the over-ruling providence of God ; to confess 
and tleplore our offences against him, and to supplicate his interj^osition 
for averting the threaten'd danger, and prospering our strenuous efforts in 
the Cause of Freedom, Virtue, and Posterity. 

" The Congress, therefore, considering the warlike preparations of the 
British ministry to subvert our invaluable rights and privileges, and to re- 
duce us by fire and sword, by the savages of the wilderness, and our own 
domestics, to the most abject and ignominious Bondage \ desirous at the 
same time to have people of all ranks and degrees, duly impressed with a 
Solemn sense of God's superintending Providence, and of their duty devoutly 
to rely, in all their lawful enterprises on his aid and direction : Do ear- 
nestly recommend, that friday, the seventeenth Day of May next, be ob- 
served by the said Colonies, as a day of Humiliation, Fasting and Prayer ; 
that we may with united hearts confess and bewail, our manifold sins and 
Transgressions, and by a Sincere repentance and amendment of Life, ap- 
pease his righteous Displeasure and thro' the merits and mediation of Jesus 
Christ, obtain his pardon and forgiveness. Humbly imploring his assistance 
to frustrate the Cruel purposes of our unnatural Enemies ; and by inclining 
their hearts to justice and benevolence, prevent the farther effusion of kin- 
dred blood. But if continuing deaf to the voice of reason and humanity, 
and intiexibly bent on Desolation and war, they constrain us to repel their 
hostile invasions by open resistance, that it may please the Lord of Hosts, 
the God of Armies, to animate our officers and Soldiers with invincible 
fortitude ; to guard and protect them in the day of Battle, and to crown 
the Continental arms by sea and land with victory and Success. Earnestly 
beseeching him to bless our Civil rulers and the representatives of the 
People, in their several Assemblies and Conventions ; to preserve and 
strengthen their union, to inspire them with an ardent and disinterested 
love of their Country ; to give wisdom and stability to their Councils ; and 
direct them to the most efficacious measures for establishing the rights of 
America, on the most honourable and permanent basis — that he would be 
graciously pleased to bless all the people of these Colonies, with health and 
plenty, and grant that a Spirit of incorruptible patriotism and of pure and 
undefiled religion may universally prevail ; and this Continent be speedily 
restored to the blessing of Peace and Liberty, and enabled to transmit 
them inviolate to the latest posterity. — and it is recommended to Christians 
of all denominations, to assemble for public worship, and abstain from ser- 
vile labour on the said Day. — Congress, March i6. 1776. 

" May that Being who is powerful to save, and in whose hands is the 
fate of nations, look down with an eye of tender pity and Compassion upon 
the whole of the united Colonies, — ruay he continue to smile upon their 
Councils and Arms, and crown them with success, whilst employed in the 
Cause of Virtue and of mankind — may every part of this wide-extended 
continent, thro' his divine favour, be restored to more than their former lus- 
tre, and once happy state, and have peace, liberty, and safety, secured upon 
a Solid, permanent and lasting foundation." 

In a hitherto unpublished letter, without date, addressed to his brother- 
in-law, Bousfield, the patriot preacher wrote one hundred and eleven years 
ago : " 1 received with pleasure the books you sent me by Captain Law- 
rence. They afford me the most agreeable amusement in my Country re- 
tirement. Dalrymple has set the period he treats of in a clearer light than 

1 88 7- J Samuel Frovoost, First Bishop of Neiv York. c 

any person before him, and made some most interesting discoveries un- 
known to previous historians. Lord Chesterfield had always the character of 
one of the politest writers and best-bred persons of the age. His letters show 
him, at the same time, the tenderest of fathers and most amiable of men. 

" I suppose you interest yourself somewhat in the fate of this Country, 
and am therefore sorry that my distance from town and the uncertainty of 
opportunities for Ireland puts it out of my power to write anything that 
you will not be acquainted with when you receive my letters. The late 
iniquitous acts of Parliament, and the sanguinary measures adopted to 
enforce them have induced the various Provinces to unite firmly for their 
common defence. Each Province has its separate Congress intended to 
enforce resolves, and to be subject to the control of the Grand Continental 
Congress, which sits at Philadelphia. An Association has been formed, 
and signed by an incredible number of people, to support the measures of 
these various Congresses, never to submit to Slavery, but to venture our 
lives and property in defence of our I^iberty and Country. Gentlemen of 
approved abilities are appointed to take command of our forces. As Col- 
onel Hall has, I think, served in America and may be able to give you their 
characters, I shall mention a few of then). Colonel Washington, a Virginia 
gentleman of considerable property and respectability, who behaved very 
gallantly in many engagements of the last war, is appointed connnander-in- 
chief of our army. Colonel Lee has given up his half pay and accepted 
a commission as Major-General in the American Service. Horatio Gates, 
formerly, I think, a Major in the English Army, is appointed Adjutant- 
General. Captain Montgomery, an Irishman, brother of the Countess of 
Raneleigh, and our near neighbor in the country, is made a Brigadier-Gen- 
eral, and Pleming, formerly adjutant of the Sixteenth Regiment which was 
quartered a {q'n years ago at Cork, is a Lieutenant-Colonel. The other 
general officers are mostly of the country. 

"There are so many thousands in this wide extended continent deter- 
mined not to survive the loss of their liberties, that there is little proba- 
bility the English will get the better in this impolitic contest, the outcome 
of which, I think they have greater reason to fear than the Americans, for 
our numbers increase so rapidly and our country supplies us so fast, that 
we must naturally rise superior in the end over any present difficulties, 
whereas if England once sinks, she will find it difficult, if not impossib'e, 
to emerge again. 

" General Gage has had two engagements with the people of New 
England, in which his men were so roughly handled that they have thought 
l)roper to remain quiet for some weeks past. It is reported that there 
were about a thousand officers and soldiers killed in the last engagement, 
in which the loss of the provincials was inconsiderable."* 

Writing about this period in another undated letter addressed to his 
mother, Provoost says: "I intended to write you by the Manor sloop, 
which we expected would sail several weeks ago, but as the harvest and 
want of freight detains her still in the country, 1 commit this lo the care of 

* Referring doubtless to the Lexington and Concord excursion of the British, and the 
battle of Bunker Hill, described in Lowell's ode as — 

"That era-parting bridge, 

O'er which, with foot-fall still as dew, 
The Old Time passed into the New," 

6 Sathuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. [Jan., 

Mr. R. R. Livingston, who sets off next Saturday. David's* sudden de- 
parture both surprised and affected us, but 1 think business being very dull 
in New York, that he has acted very prudently and make no doubt the 
voyage will be to his improvement and advantage, . . . I mentioned 
in \\\y last letter my want of money, and 1 must again ask that you will 
send me fifty pounds as soon as you can conveniently, after the receipt of 
this. You will excuse my troubling you again upon this subject, as there 
is no one here I would willingly apply to. ... I lately performed the 
funeral ceremony over the Judge's father, and the eldest daughter of Col. 
Peter Livingston, a very amiable girl about fifteen years old. This is an 
exceedingly busy time in the country, and we bid fair to have a fine harvest. 
1 have already nine waggon-loads of wheat in the barn, and expect as many 
more. 1 have pressed you so often to visit us that I can add nothing further 
ui)on this head. Since my last we have received the paint, some parcels ot 
books and newspapers, and several letters from James.f He may depend 
upon my writing to him by the next opportunity. We have received a 
very confused account of a small skirmish, in which a few men were killed 
on Governor's Island, and I shall be glad to know the particulars. I re- 
main, dear madam, with compliments to Mrs. James and others, 

" Your most dutiful son, 


Mr. Provoost was proposed as a delegate to the Provincial Congress, 
which he declined, as also an invitation to become Chaplain of the Con- 
vention which met in 1777, and framed the Constitution of the State of 
New York. About the same period he deemed it in no wise derogatory 
to, or inconsistent with, his clerical character to bear arms against the 
enemies of his country. After the British burned Esopus, on the Hudson, 
he joined his neighbors, the Livingstons and others, in their pursuit. Mr. 
Provoost was also proffered, in 1777, the rectorship of St. Michael's 
Church, Charleston, S. C, and in 1782 that of King's Chapel, Boston, 
where his patriotic principles and practice were strong recommendations, 
but he declined both calls, on the ground that he was unwilling to avail 
himself of his politics for acting toward his brethren who differed from him 
in a manner that might be imputed to mercenary views, and an ungenerous 
desire of rising on their ruin. 

In another undated letter, addressed to a friend in New York and writ- 
ten about the close of the war, Mr. Provoost says : " As you sometimes 
amuse yourself with the different systems of theologists, I recommend to 
your perusal Dr. Law's " Theory of Religion," which contains many judi- 
cious observations, and is written with a freedom and impartiality which I 
wish was more common than it is among divines of all professions. The 
theory (that we are in a progressive state, and that we have advanced in 
religious knowledge in proportion to our improvements in the arts and 
sciences) is a very pleasing one, and except a few retrogrations which he 

* Probably his brother, a New York merchant, who died unmarried in 1794. 
f James Alexander, his youngest brother, a merchant of New York, who was living 
in 1789. 

iSSy.j Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. j 

accounts for ingeniously enough, very well supported. The work, I think, 
merits being more known than it is in our American world. But perhaps 
the very great obligations I am under to its author may make me partial 
in its favor. 

" Col. Peter Livingston acquaints us that he is to set off for town to- 
morrow. I am going to the Manor to trouble him with a few lines to in- 
form you that we have received the articles you sent by the Judge's sloop, 
and to return " Bj.sford Abbey," for the use of which I am much obliged 
to your son David. You cannot expect much news from our situation. 
I have been prevented from going to Nine Partners by an ugly wound my 
right-hand man. Master Hanlet, gave himself in the foot with an axe, as he 
was cutting wood. The children are all well, but Maria is poorly. If the 
farm is not yet advertised, 1 really think it would be advisable to mention 
it as for sale, as well as to be let. Mr. Livington will be able, without 
doubt, to put you in the way of sending up the money that you are to re- 
ceive for me." 

After the colonies had gained their independence and New York had 
been evacuated by the British and their Loyalist allies, Mr. Provoost was 
unanimously elected rector of Trinity Church, January 13, 1784, and 
immediately removed with his family to the city, and entered upon the 
duties of his otifice, preaching his first sermon on the Sunday following from 
the text, " Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell 
together in unity ! " It so happens that the joyous event was described to 
your si)eaker in his youth by a venerable and ardent patriot who was pres- 
ent, and who said : "It was a glorious occasion, and many friends of their 
Country met that day for the first time in years. There were no rascally 
Tories there that morning." The rector of Trinity received many other 
honorable marks of the high esteem in which he was then, and always, held 
by his Whig contemporaries. 

Before the close of the year (1784) Mr. Provoost was made a member 
of the Board of Regents of the University, and when the Continental Con- 
gress removed from Trenton to Ncvj York he was, in November, 1785, 
chosen as their chaplain. In the summer of 1786 he was selected by the 
Diocesan Convention, which met at that time, as first Bishop of New York. 
The choice seems to have been made by a simple resolution, " Resolved, 
That the Reverend Mr. Provoost be reconmiended for Episcopal Conse- 
cration." There is no record of a ballot.* Three weeks later he received 
from the University of Pennsylvania the degree of Doctor of Divinity. In 
November of the same year Dr. Provoost proceeded to England in com- 
pany with his friend, Dr. William White. They arrived in London on 
W^ednesday, the 29th of that month, and after various preliminaries had 
been duly settled, including their presentation to the primate by John 
Adams, the American minister,^ they were consecrated in the chapel of 

* The testimonials of Dr. Provoost, as Bishop-elect of New York; Dr. William 
White, as Bishop-elect of Pennsylvania, and Dr. David Griffiith, as Bishop-elect of Vir- 
ginia, were signed by the members of the General Convention held at Wilmington, Del. 
(of which Convention Dr. Provoost was President) on the nth of October, 17S6. Ber- 
rian's Historical Sketch of Trinity Church. New York, 1847. 

f Adams was particularly polite and cordial to the bishops elect, notwithstanding his 
being the author of the following lines : "If Parliament could tax us they could establish 
the Church of England with all its creeds, articles, tests, ceremonies, and tithes, and pro- 
hibit all other churches as conventicles and schism-shops." Works, vol. x. , p. 287. Else- 

8 Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. [Jan., 

I.ambeth Palace, February 4, 1 787, by Dr. John Moore, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Dr. William Markham, Archbishoj) of York, Dr. Charles Moss, 
Bishop of iiath and Wells, and Dr. John Hinchcliff, Bishop of Peterborough, 
participating in the ceremonial. It has been claimed that, as senior pres- 
byter and also senior in years, Provoost was consecrated first. While it 
would be pleasant to assign this honor to New York, it would appear that 
it properly belongs to Pennsylvania, the weight of the evidence being in 
favor of Dr. White's just claim to that distinction.* On the following day 
the bishops left London for Falmouth, whicli was reached in five days. 
Detained by contrary winds, they at length embarked on the i8th, reaching 
New York on tiie afternoon of Easter Sunday, April 8th, after a long and 
tempestuous passage, during which Dr. Provoost was so ill that for sev- 
eral days it was supposed he would die and find a grave " amid the im- 
mensity of the sea." f 

Bishop Provoost immediately resumed his duties as rector of Trinity 
Parish, the two positions, in those primitive times, being filled by the same 
person. He was one of the Trustees of Columbia College, appointed by 
act of Legislature April 13, 1787, reviving the original charter of that 
institution. Two years later, in the organization of a new Congress under 
the present constitution, the bishop was elected Chaplain of the United 
States Senate. After his inauguration as the first President of the United 
States, Washington proceeded with the whole assemblage on foot from the 
spot now marked by his statue in Wall Street, to St. Paul's Chapel, where, 
in the presence of Vice-President Adams, Chancellor Livingston, Secretary 
Jay, Secretary Knox, Baron Steuben, Hamilton, and other distinguished 
citizens, Bishop Provoost read prayers suited to the occasion. So closed 
the inauguration ceremonies of General Washington. 

The first consecration in which Provoost took part was that of the Rev. 
Thomas John Ciaggett for the Church of the Diocese of Maryland, being 
the earliest of that order of the ministry consecrated in the United States. 
It occurred at Trinity Church, Sei)tember 17, 1792, during a session of the 
General Convention. As the presiding bishop Dr. Provoost was the con- 
secrator, Bishops White, of Pennsylvania; Seabury, of Connecticut, and 

where he asks : '• Where do we find a precept in the Gospel requiring ecclesiastical synods, 
convocations, councils, creeds, confessions, oaths, subscriptions, and whole cart-loads of 
otlier trumpery that we find religion encumbered with in these days ? " 

* Dr. Samuel Seabury. of Connecticut, the first bishop of the American Church, meet- 
ing with obstacles and objections to his consecration from the English bishops, proceeded 
to Scotland, where he was consecrated at Aberdeen, by three bishops of tlie Scottish 
E[)iscopal Church, November 14, 1784. Chaplain-Cieneral Gleig, of the British Army, 
whose father was a Scottish Bishop (i 753-1839), in a letter to the author of this address, 
dated March 10, 1886. says: "I am glad to learn that you are engaged in a work which 
cannot fail to interest very many readers both in America and in England. The rise and 
growth of a Church in a nation, or any portion of a nation, which has expanded like the 
United States, is perhaps the most important theme in the history of the nation itself. 
And when I add that my father played a considerable part in getting Bishop Seabury 
consecrated when sent out on liis great mission, you will see that something more than 
mere love of antiquarian research will carry me through the perusal of your promised 
volume." It may be added that this venerable man and well known writer, before he 
entered the ministry, fought with Wellington in Spain nearly four-score years ago, and 
was severely wounded in the Imttle of New Orleans. 

f Sunday last arrived here the British packet Prince William Henry, Captain Scouse, 
in fifty days, from Falmouth, in whom came as passengers the Rev. Samuel Provoost, 
D.D., Bishop of the Episcopal Church of this State ; the Kev. William White, D.D., 
Bishop of the Episcopal Church of Pennsylvania, Baron Poellnitz, Lady Poellnitz, Master 
Poellnitz, Mr. Sutherland. — New York Packet, Tuesday, April lo, 1787. 


Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. 

Madison, of Virginia,* joining in the historic ceremony 
and uniting the succession of the AngHcan and Scottish 
episcojiate ; his last act in conferring the episcopate was 
in joining with Bishop White, as consecrator, and Bishop 
Jarvis, of Connecticut, in the imposition of hands at the 
consecration of the Rev. John Henry Hobart for the Dio- 
cese of New York, and the Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, 
of the Eastern Diocese, in Trinity Church, May 29, 1811. 
Dr. Provoost's first ordination was the admitting, July 17, 
1787, in St. George's Chapel, New York, as deacon, 
Richard Channing Moore ; his last, the admission as priest 
of John Henry Hobart in Trinity Church in April, 1801. 
The first corner-stone laid by the bishop was at the rebuild- 
ing of Trinity Church, August 21, 1788 ; the last that of the 
present St. Mark's Church in the Bowery, April 25, 1795. 
These edifices, when ready for worship, were the first and 
the last consecrated by him. 

An observant English traveller who visited New York 
near the close of the eighteenth century writes : " June 4th. 
Dr. Priestley arrived from P',ngland to-day. It was soon 
known through the city, and next morning the principal 
inhabitants of New York came to pay their resjiects and 
congratulations ; among others, Gov. Clinton, Dr. Provoost, 
Bishop of New York ; Mr. Osgood, late Envoy to Great 
Britain ; the heads of the college, most of the principal 
merchants, and deputations from the corporate body and 
other societies. Saturday, June 14th. Went with Dr. 
and the two Misses Priestley to call on Dr. Provoost, the 
Bishop, a pleasant, agreeable man of plain manners and 
good sense. No honor annexed to the office of bishop in 
America. You neither address them as Lords or Right 
Reverend Fathers in God. June 2 2d. This morning 
I went to the Protestant Ejjiscopal Church of St, Paul, a 
modern handsome edifice. The entrance is by a portico, 
in the form of a dome, which gives it a grand apjiearance. 
The old church and houses in this pait of Broadway were 
burnt down while New York was occupied by Sir William 
Howe and the British troops. Dr. Provoost gave us an 
excellent discourse on benevolence."! 

A special meeting of the corporation of Trinity Parish 
was held at the house of Bishop Provoost, No. 53 Nassau 
Street, on December 20, 1799, on an occasion when the 
country was plunged in the deepest grief by the new^s of 
the death of Washington. The vestry were called together 
to give expression to their sorrow. The record on their 

* Dr. Janies Madison was consecrated Bishop of Virginia in the 
chapel of Lambeth Palace, September 19. 1790. He was the third 
and last bishop of the American Church consecrated by the bishops of 
the Anglican Church. 

f Journal of an Excursion to the United States of North America 
in the Summer of 1794. By Henry Wansey. Salisbmy, 1796. Sec- 
ond edition, with additions, 1798. 


Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. [Jan. 

minutes from the pen of the bishop is beautiful for its simple brevity : 
" Ordered, That in consideration of the death of Lieutenant-General 
George Washington the several churches belonging to this corporation be 
put in mourning." 

Mrs. Provoost, a lady of many accomplishments, and a personal friend ot 
Mrs. Washington, died after a long and lingering illness August 18, 1799, 
which, with other domestic bereavements and decHning health, induced 
the bishop to resign the rectorship of Trinity Church, September 28lh of 
the following year, and his bishopric on September 3, 1801. His resigna- 
tion was not accepted by the House of Bishops, by whom consent was, 
however, given to the consecration of Dr. Benjauiin Moore as an assistant 
bishop. ' He was subject to ai)op]eclic attacks, and from one of these he 
died suddenly, Wednesday morning, September 6, 1815, aged seventy- 
three years and six months.* His funeral at Trinity was attended by 
the leading citizens of New York, the sermon being delivered by the Rev. 
William Harris, rector of St. Mark's Church, and he was interred in the 
family vault in Trinity church-yard. 

Among a most interesting group of portraits of rectors of Trinity, includ- 
ing the first and the last, in the vestryroom of Trinity Chapel, there are 
several of great artistic excellence and value. There is to be seen a par- 
ticularly fine picture, by Copley, of Dr. John Ogilvie ; another, by Hunt- 
ington of Bishop Moore, and the admirable portrait, by Benjamin West, 
of Bishop Provoost, from which the engraving is taken that accompanies 
this address. A good copy of the painting is in the gallery of the New 
York Historical Society — the gift of Cadwallader D. Colden, the bishop's 
son-in-law. Another portrait of Provoost is in the possession of the 
Bishop of Western New York. 

In person Bishop Provoost was above medium height. His counte- 
nance was round and full, and highly intellectual. He was stately, self- 
possessed, and dignified in manner, presenting, in the picturesque dress of 
that day, an imposing appearance. He was a fine classical scholar and 
thoroughly versed in ecclesiastical history and church polity. He was 
learned and benevolent and inflexibly conscientious ; fond of society and 
social life. He was a moderate churchman. Under his administration for 
seventeen years, as rector of Trinit)', the church was rebuilt on the same 
site. During his episcopate of fourteen years the Church did not advance 
as rapidly as during the same period under some of his successors. It 
must not, however, be forgotten that those were days of great difficulties 
and extreme depression in the Church, and that the peoi)le of Pennsyl- 
vania threatened to throw their bishop into the Delaware River when he 
returned from England in 1787. Wliile it cannot be claimed that Provoost 
is among those " upon the adamant of whose fame Time beats without in- 
jury," or that he should rank with those eminent founders of the American 
Church, Seabury and White, or with the epoch-makers Hobart and 

f Died suddenly this morning, in the seventy-fourth year of his age, the Right Rev. 
Samuel Provoost, D.D., of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New 

As among such a number of relations and so long a list of friends, it is impossible to 
send particular invitations, without some, tho' involuntary, omissions, the friends and 
relatives of Mr. Colden, and generally the friends of the Church, are hereby invited to 
attend the funeral of the bishop, from his late residence. No. 261 Greenwich Street, to- 
morrow afternoon at five o'clock. Evening Post, Wednesday, September 6, 1815. 

1887.] Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of Neio York. \\ 

Whittingham, it may with confidence be asserted that for elegant scholar- 
ship Bishop Provoost had no peer among his American contemporaries. 
To his polished discourses he gave the greatest care. They were char- 
acterized by force and felicity of diction, if not rising to the rank of the 
highest order of pulpit eloquence. So indifferent was he to literary dis- 
tinction that I cannot discover that this faithful and diligent student ever 
printed a single discourse or brochure of any description. He translated 
Tasso's "Jerusalem Delivered," for which congenial work he found ample 
leisure on his Dutchess County farm. It was never given to the world, 
nor any of his occasional poems in English, P'rench, and German, of which 
examples are in the speaker's possession. He conversed freely with Steu- 
ben and Lafayette in their own languages and had several Italian corre- 
spondents, including Count Claudio Ragone. He was the trusted friend of 
Washington, John Adams, Jay, and Hamilton, one of whose sons was be- 
lieved to be the last survivor of all who enjoyed a personal acquaintance 
with the bishop and had sat at his hospitable board in the Greenwich 
Street residence where he died. There, and in his previous place of resi- 
dence, corner of Nassau and Fair Streets, the bishop gathered around him 
at his weekly dinner-parties most of the prominent men of the city, includ- 
ing Dr, J. H. Livingston, of the Dutch, and Dr. John Rodgers, of the Pres- 
byterian churches. In Sprague's "Annals of the American Pulpit" it is said : 
" Though Dr. Provoost had probably little sympathy with the views and 
feelings of most other denominations of Christians, his general courtesy 
was never affected by any considerations merely denominational. For 
instance, he was in very agreeable and, I believe, intimate social relations 
with most of the clergymen of the Presbyterian and Reformed Dutch 
churches ; and I suspect he rarely made a dinnerparty but some of them 
were among his guests. An E[)iscopal clergyman from Ireland had come 
to this country, and, I believe, through the bishop's influence, had obtained 
employment, both as a teacher and as a preacher, in St. Anre's Church, 
Brooklyn. As the bishop was about to ordain one or more persons to the 

ministry, he invited this Mr. W to preach on the occasion. Dr. 

Beach, the bishop's assistant minister, sent invitation to Dr. Livingston, 
Dr. Rodgers, and some other of the ministers of the city not connected 
with the Episcopal Church, to be present. The Irish parson took it into 
his head to magnify his office that day in a very bold defence of the Doc- 
trine of Apostolic Succession, involving rather a stern rebuke to those 
whom he regarded as preaching without any authority. Though it is not 
likely that the bishop dissented from his views, he felt that it was at least 
an apparent discourtesy to his friends who were present at the service, and 
he was evidently not a little annoyed by it. Old Dr. Rodgers, in speak- 
ing of it afterward, slirewdly remarked, ' I wonder from what authority 
the bishop derived his baptism,' referring to the fact that he had been 
baptized by Dominie Du Bois in the Dutch Church." 

In England, Bishop Provoost had enjoyed the distinction of an acquaint- 
ance with Dr. Johnson, Sir Joshua Reynolds, and the celebrated John 
Wilkes (whose grandniece married the bishop's grandson, David Cadwalla- 
der Colden), and of frequently listening to Lord Chatham and other illustri- 
ous public men of that period. 

For much of the material used in this monograph the speaker is in- 
debted to a venerable friend of his early youth, who was a frequent guest 

12 Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. [Jan., 

at his father's table. From the handsome old man of four score and 
ten, who was frequently mistaken for Bishop White, with his rich stores 
of memory, your speaker had heard many particulars of Bishop Provoost 
and his contemporaries of the closing decades of the past century and 
the first of the ])resent. By the bishop he had been presented to Wash- 
ington, and he was present at his inauguration, the concluding ceremonies 
of which, as we have seen, occurred in St. Paul's Church. Daniel Burhans 

(17^^3-1854), the person to whom the speaker refers, was the last survivor 
of those who were ordained by Bishop Seabury, and he was well acquauited 
with almost all the early American bishops, including White, Madison, 
Moore, Bass, Hobart, Claggett, Griswold, and Ravenscroft. He was a 
delegate to several general conventions, was in the ministry over half a 
century, and preached in St. Paul's Church, Poughkeepsie, where he 
resided for many years, at the age of eighty-nine. Two interesting letters 
written by the Rev. Mr. Burhans (D.D.'s were not so abundant in those 
days), descriptive of his friends, Bishops Seabury and Jarvis, of Connecti- 
cut, may be seen in Sprague's "Annals of the American Pulpit." 1 am 
also indebted to the Rev. S. H. Weston, D.D., for the perusal of a num- 
ber of Bishop Provoost's MS. sermons, and to the Rev. Drs. Dix and 
Seabury for data kintUy contributed to this address. 

At the first meeting of the Diocesan Convention held after Bishop Pro- 
voost's death, his successor, Dr. Moore, having followed him in February, 
18 r6. Dr. Hobart said of our first bishop, Integer vitice, scelerisque purtis : 
"To the benevolence and urbanity that marked all his intercourse with 
the clergy and, indeed, every social relation, there is strong and universal 
testimony," and then added the words of Bishop White in regard to his 
official and personal intimacy with the deceased bishop, calling it a sacred 
relation " between two persons who, under the appointment of a Christian 
Church, had been successfully engaged together in obtaining for it succes- 
sion to the apostolic office of the episcopacy, who in the subsequent 
exercise of that e[)iscopacy had jointly labored in all the ecclesiastical 
business which has occurred among us, and who through the whole of it 
never knew a word, or even a sensation, tending to personal dissatisfaction 
or disunion. 

"The character of Bishop Provoost is one which the enlightened 
Christian will estimate at no ordinary standard. The generous sympathies 
of his nature created in him a cordial concern in whatever affected the 
interests of his fellow creatures. Hence his beneficence was called into 
almost daily exercise, and his private charities were often beyond what was 
justified by his actual means. In the relations of husband and parent he 
exhibited all the kindly and endearing affections which ennoble our species. 
As a patriot, he was exceeded by none. As a scholar, he was deeply 
versed in classical lore and in the records of ecclesiastical history and 
church polity. To a very accurate knowledge of the Hebrew he added a 
profound acquaintance with the Greek, Latin, French, German, Italian, 

1887.] The Be Witt Family, of Ulster County, New York. 13 

and other languages. He made considerable progress also in the natural 
and physical sciences, of which botany was his favorite branch." 

Can I better conclude this brief tribute to the memory of Samuel Pro- 
voost than in the words of his favorite author, that ancient worthy, Thomas 
Fuller — ''What he undertook was to be admired as glorious; what he 
performed to be commended as profitable ; and wherein he failed, is to be 
excused as pardonable." 


By Thomas G. Evans. 

(Continued from Vol. xvii., p. 259, of The Rkcord.) 

Family io. 
Child of Marritje'^ De Witt (13) and Hendrich Kortreght. 

83. i. TjERCK, b. 1 701. 

Childreri by her second husband Jan Macklin. 

84. ii, Jan,3 bapt. March 7, 1703. 

85. iii. Daniel, 3 bapt. June 20, 1708. 

86. iv. Margaret,^ bapt. July i, 1711 ; m., July 3, 1731, Jan Weis, Jr., 
son of Jan Wels and Cornelia Janse De Duyster. 

Family ii. 
Child of Aagje" De Witt (14) and Jan Patvling. 

87. i. Henry,3 bapt. Nov. i, 1713. 

It is probable they had other children born in Pennsylvania. 

Family 12. 
Children of Tferck^ De Witt (15) and Anne Pawling. 

88. i. Andries/ bapt. May 7, 17x0, d. July 23, 1711. 

89. ii. Neeltje,'* bapt. April 22, 1711; m., Sei)t. 5, 1734, Wessel 
Jacobse Ten Broek (bapt. Dec. 7, 17 12), son of Jacob Ten Kroek and 
Elizabeth Wynkoop. Soon after his marriage Wessel Ten Broek removed 
to Harhngen, Somerset County, N. J. where he died in 1747. His widow 
married Samuel Stout. 

90. iii. Henry,* bapt. Jan. 24, 1714; m., Nov. 10, 1738, Maria Ten 
Broek (bapt. June 13, 1717 ; d. May 19, 1767), daughter of Jacob Ten 
Broek and Elizabeth Wynkoop. Henry De Witt was a merchant in 
Kingston, N. Y. He was for some year.- town clerk and county treasurer, 

14 The De Witt Family, of Ulster County, Ne7v York. [Jan., 

and was otherwise prominent in local and county affairs, being a man of 
much talent and force of character. He died Sept. 17, 1753, leaving six 
children — four sons and two daughters. One of his sons, Jacob, settled 
in Norwich, Conn., in 1765, and married Martha Dean, daughter of Jabez 
Dean, of that place. Another son, Henry, Jr., went to Wyndham, Conn., 
about 1770. He married Hannah Dean, a sister of his brother Jacob's 
wife. His descendants live in Canada. 

91. iv. Johannes,-* bapt. Aug. 8, 1717; died Oct. 30, i749) ii^ I^^^"" 

92. V. Petrus," bapt. July 15, 1722 ; d. Jan. 3, 1790 ; m., June 8, 1749, 
Rachel Radcliff (b. Dec. 14, 1723; d. July 20,1794), daughter of Joachim 
Radcliff. Resided at Hyde Park, Dutchess County, N. Y. 

93. vi. Andries,* bapt. March 3, 1728 ; d. June 9, 1806 ; m., Dec. 17, 
1757, Rachel Du Bois (b. Jan. 5, 1737; d. Aug. 24, 1823), daughter of 
Isaac' Du Bois and Neeltje Roosa. 

Family 13. 
Children of Jacob ^ De Witt (20) a7id Hyletje Van Kampen. 

94. i. Johannes,'' bapt. Sept. 22, 1734. 

95. ii. Jacob,'' bapt. [Fhinebeck Flats) Aug. 22, 1736. 

96. iii. Elizabeth," bapt. Sept. 25, 1738. 

97. iv. Maria," bapt. Oct. 5, 1740. 

Family 14. 
Children of Maria ^ De Witt (21) and Jan Roosa. 

98. i. Jan," bapt. Sept. 5, 1714 ; died in infancy. 

99. ii. Jannetje,"* bapt. May 13, 1716. 

100. iii. Jan," bapt. Oct. 13, 1717. 

lOT. iv. HiLLEGOND," bapt. May 17, 1719. 

102. V. Andries," bapt. Sept. 3. 1721; m., Oct. 21, 1748, Maria 
Schoonmaker (bapt. Jan. 28, 1733), daughter of Frederick Schoonmaker 
and Eva Swaitwout. 

103. Jacob, ^ bapt. Jan. 5, 1724; d. in infancy. 

104. Jacob, ^ bapt. Dec. 19, 1725. 

105. Maria,^ bapt. Dec. 17, 1727, 
T06. Helena,* bapt. Oct. 12, 1729. 

107. Geertjen,^ bapt. Dec. 16, 1733. 

108. Egbert,* bapt. Feb. 13, 1737; m. (i), Dec. i, 1759, Helena Os- 
trander; (2), Sept. i, 1765, Alice Delamater. 

Family 15. 

Children of Egbert ' De Witt (24) and Mary Nottingham. 

109. i. Andries,* bapt. Oct. 15, 1727; m., April 24, 1748, Jannetje Ver- 
nooy (bapt. March 3, 17283 d. Feb. 7, 1795), daughter of Johannes Ver- 

1887.] The De Witt Family, of Ulster County^ New York. \ r 

nooy and Jenneke Loiiw. He was a physician, and practised his profes- 
sion in his native county for over half a century. He died at New Paltz, 
Sept. 30, 1799. Surveyor-General Simeon De Witt was one of his sons, 
as was also Dr. Benjamin De Witt, Health Officer at New York City in 
the early part of this century. 

no. ii. Jacob Rutsen,^ bapt. April 13, 1729; ni,, April 15, 1756, 
Jenneke Depuy, daughter of Moses Depuy and Margaret Schoonmaker. 
Removed to Sullivan (now Orange) County, where he purchased land on 
the Navesink River. Was captain of a militia company during the Revo- 
lution. His oldest son, Moses, was one of the surveyors to establish the 
boundary line between New York and Pennsylvania, and was County 
Judge and Surrogate of Herkimer and Onondaga Counties, 1791-94. 
Moses died Aug. 15, 1794, in the 28th year of his age. One of Jacob 
Riitsen De Witt's daughters, named Rachel, married Col. Robert Burnet, 
ol Revolutionary fame. 

111. iii. William,^ b. 1731 ; m.. May 30, 1762, Susanna Chambers. 

112. iv. John E.,^ bapt. SejJt. 19, 1733 \ "i-? C)ct. 26, 1765, Catharine 
Newkerk (bapt. Feb. 26, 1738), daughter of Cornelius Newkerk, Jr., and 
Neeltje Du Bois. 

113. V. Stephen,^ bapt. Dec, 14, 1735; m., Dec. 8, 1770, Wynije 
Brodhead (bapt. Feb. 23, 1746 ; d. July 7, 1830), daughter of John Brod- 
head and Venn! Nottingham. 

114. vi. Mary,'' b. Sept. 5, 1737 ; d. Sept. 12, 1795 ; m., Feb. 18, 1765, 
-\Gen. James Clinton (b. Aug. 9, 1736; d. Dec. 22, 1812), son of Charles 

Clinton and Elizabeth Denniston. Their third son, De Witt Chnton, was 
born March 2, 1769. 

115. vii. Egbert,'* bapt. April i, 1739. 

116. viii. Thomas,^ b. May 3, ,1741 ; m., Feb, 28, 1782, Elsie Has- 
brouck (b. 20 March, 1750; d. 28 June, 1832), daughter of Jacob Has- 
brouck and Maria Hoornbeck. When the Revolutionary War broke out 
Thomas De Witt went into the army, receiving a commission as captain in 
the Third New York Regiment, being afterward promoted to the rank of 
major. He was stationed for some time, with his regiment (of which Peter 
Gansevoort was colonel), at Fort Stanwix, and assisted in its defence when 
it was besieged by the British under Col. St. Leger, in 1777. In 1779 
Major De Witt accompanied Gen. Sullivan's successful expedition against 
the Indians. After the close of the war he removed from Marbletown, 
Uls'er County, to Twaalskill, now a part of the city of Kingston, where he 
died Sept. 7, 1809, leaving a family of three sons and one daughter. The 
daughter, Mary, married David W. Thorp, of New York City, but died 
without issue. The oldest son, Jacob H., was adjutant in the War of 181 2, 
and some years afterward was commissioned as colonel. Jn 18 19 he was 
elected, by the Clintonian party, to Congress, where he served for two 
years. In 1839, ''-"^ again in 1847, he was a member of the State Legis- 
lature. Col. De Witt died at Kingston, N. Y., Jan. 30, 1857, in the seventy- 
third year of his age. Reuben, the second son, died, in 1859, unmarried. 
Rev. Dr. Thomas De Witt, Major De Witt's youngest son, was graduated 
from Union College, Schenectady. After completing his theological studies 
he had charge, for a short time, of a church in Dutchess County, N. Y., and 
was then called to the Collegiate Dutch Reformed Church at New York City 
of which he was for many years the honored and well-beloved senior pas- 
tor. He died May 18, 1874. 

1 6 The De Witt Family, of Ulster County, New York. [Jar. 

117. ix. Benjamin," bapt. Jan. 19, 1743. 

118. X. Reuben,' bapt. {Napanoch Ch. Rec.) Oct. 20, 1745 ; m., Nov 
II, 1772, Elizabeth Depuy (bapt. [Rochester Ch. Rec] May 20, 1753) 
daughter of Moses Depuy and Elizaoeth Clearwater. 

Family 16. 
Children of Johannis'' De Witt (25) and Mary Brodhead. 

iiQ. i. Ann,' bapt. March 28, 1725 ; m.. May 13, 1749, Conrad New- 
kerk (iaapt. May 14, 1722), son of Gerrit Newkerk and Grietje Ten Eyck. 

120. ii. Charles," b. 1727 ; d. 1787 ; m., Dec. 20, 1754, Blandina Du 
Bois (b. 1 731 ; d. Nov. 4, 1765), daughter of Gerrit Du Bois and Margaret 

Charles De Witt was one of the most prominent men of Ulster County 
in the political events which preceded and accompanied the war of the 
Revolution. From 1768 to 1775 he was a member of the Colonial Assem- 
bly, "and as a member of the last legislative body which sat under royal 
authority, was one of the nine resolute and patriotic men who voted to 
approve of the proceedings of the Continental Congress, then recently 
organized in Philadelphia." He was a member of the Provincial Conven- 
tion of April, 1775, and of the third and fourth Provincial Congresses, where 
he was associated with John Jay, William Duer, and others on the com- 
mittee "for detecting and defeating conspiracies, etc." On December 21, 
1775, he was commissioned colonel of a regiment of minute men. When 
the State Government was organized, Colonel De Witt was made a mem- 
ber of the committee to draft a Constitution; and from 1781 to 1785 he sat 
in the State Assembly. A sketch of Colonel De Witt, from which the 
above facts are mainly taken, may be found in the Ulster County Historical 

121 ii. Andries," bapt. Nov. 10, 1728; d. June 26, 1813 ; m., 1753 or 
1754, Blandina Ten Eyck (bapt. May 11, 1735 ; d. June 2, 1807), daughter 
of Abraham Ten Eyck and Jenneke Elmendorf. 

122. iv. Maria,'* bapt. April 17, 1737. 

Family 17. 

Children of Audries^ De Witt (26) and Bredjefi Nottingham. 

123. i. Aniries," b. 1732; d. 1803; m., Dec. i, 1754, Maria Depuy 
(bapt. Jan. 11, 1736; d. Feb., 1816), daughter of Cornelis Depuy and 
Catharine Van Aken. 

124. ii. William," bapt. Oct. 14, 1733 ; d. before 1760. 

125. iii. Jannltje," bapt. Dec. 14, 1735 ; m., April 2, 1758, John Bod- 
ley, of England. 

126. iv. Garton,* bapt. July 3, 1739 '■> i"- Phoebe Waterman. 

127. v. Catrina,'' bapt. Jan. 10, 1742. 

128. vi. Thomas," bapt. June 24, 1744. 

1887.] The De Witt Family, of Ulster County, New York. ly 

129. vii. Henry/ bapt. {JMachackemech Ch. Rec.) Jan, 4, 1747. 

130. viii. Maria/ bapt. April 22, 1750 ; m., Oct, 28, 1774, Samuel 
Kirl^mtrick, of Ireland. 

v/131. ix, Levi/ bapt. {Napatioch Ch. Rec.) March 20, 1754. 

Family 18. 
Children of Barbara'^ De Witt (38) and Jan Gerritse Dekker. 

132. i. Sara/ bapt. Aug. 17, 1712. 

133. ii. Gerrit/ bapt. June 3, 1716. 

134. iii. Jan/ bapt. June 7, 17 19. , 

135. iv. Elizabeth/ bapt. Aug. 23, 1724. 

136. V. Lucas/ bapt. Aug. 27, 1727. 

Family 19. 
Children of Blandina ^ De Witt (40) and Jurian Westphael. 

137. i. Simon/ bapt. July 30, 1721. 

138. ii. Lydia/ bapt. March 8, 1724. 

139. iii. Jan De Witt/ bapt. April 3, 1726. 

140. iv. Catrina/ bapt. Nov. 17, 1728. 

141. V. Maria/ bapt. July 4, 1733. 

142. vi. Annatje/ bapt. May 3, 1737. 

Family 20. 
Children of Rachel^ De Witt (41) and Isaac Van A ken. 

143. i. Abraham/ bapt. Jan. 19, 1724. 

144. ii. Sara/ bapt. March 6, 1726. 

145. iii. Isaac/ bapt. April 12, 1730; d. in infancy. 

146. iv. Jacob/ bapt. P'eb. 4, 1733. 

147. V. Isaac/ bapt. June 17, 1735. 

148. vi. Joseph/ bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) May 24, 1739. 

Family 21. 
Childrenlpf Jannelje'^ De Witt (41 A) and Abraham Van Aken. 

149. i. Catrina/ bapt. Aug. 27, 1727. 

150. ii. Sara/ bapt. July 6, 1729. 

151. iii. Eliza/ bapt. July 5, 1731. 

152. iv. Daniel/ bapt. Feb. 2, 1735. 

153. V. Lydia/ bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) May 31, 1738. 

154. vi. Blandina/ bapt. [Machackemech Ch. Rec.) Oct. 25, 174^ 

155. vii. Sara/ bapt. {Machackemech Ch.Rec.) April 23, 1745. 

156. viii. Lydia/ bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) May 10, 1747. 


1 8 The De Witt Family, oj Ulster Comity, New York. [Jan., 

Family 22. 
Child of An na^ De Witt (55) and Frederick Schoonmaker. 

157. i. JocHEM/ bapt. Oct. 23, 1715 ; m., May 21, 1741, Sarah Depue. 

Family 23. 
Children of Tjerck^ Dc Witt (56) and Ariaantje Dekker. 

158. i. Johanna/ bapt. Jan. 10, 1721; m., Nov. 28, [739, Hendrikus 
Osterhoudt (bapt. Feb. 5, 1716), son of Tennis Osterhoudt and Ariaantje 

159. ii. Elizabeth," bapt. May 12, 1723; ni., Dec. 3, 1749, Jacobus 
Low (bapt. Aug. 13, 1721), son of Matthew Low and Jannetje Van 

160. iii. Catrina,'' bapt. Sept. 26, 1725 ; m. Jacob Gideon Low (bapt. 
Jan. 28, 1728). 

161. iv. Grietje,'' ni., August 8, 1751, Johannes Rosekrans (bapt. Oc- 
tober 18, 1724), son of Alexander Rosekrans and Marritje De Pue. 

Family 24. 
Children of Cornells ^ De Witt (57) and Sarah Hoornbeck. 

162. i. Maria/ bapt. Jan. 18, 1730. 

163. ii. Elizabeth,'* bapt. Feb. 10, 1734. 

164. iii. Jacob," bapt. Feb. 15, 1736. 

165. iv. Cornelis," bapt. Jan. 27, 1745. 

Family 25. 
Children of Jannetje^ De Witt (58) and Gerardus Van Nieuwegen. 

166. Janneke," bapt. March 26, 1735. (This baptism is recorded in 
the Machackeniech. Ch Rec, Feb. 2, 1735.) 

< 167. i. Grietje," bapt. May 4, 1737. (Recorded same date in Mach- 
ackemech Ch. Rec.) 

168. ii. Tjaadje," bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) May 30, 1739. 

169. iii. A CHILD," bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) Oct. 17, 1743. 

170. iv. Jacob," bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) 1743. 

171. V. Jacob," bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) Jan. 21, 1747. 

172. vi. Elizabeth," bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) March 15, 1747. 

Family 26. 
Children of Taatje ^ De Witt {66) and Peter Gnmaer. 

173. i. Petrus," bapt. May 3, 1733. 

174. ii. Margrietje," bapt. May 18, 1736. 

175. iii. Jacob De Witt," bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) June 17, 
1740; m. Hilda Decker. 

1887.] The De Witt Family, of Ulster County, New York. jg 

176. iv. EzECHiEL,* bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) June 3, 1743; d. 
May 17, 1823 ; m. Naomi Low. 

177. V. Maria,* bapt. {Machackemech C^. i?^<r.) July 14, 1745. 

178. vi, Elizabeth/ bapt. {Machackemech Ch. Rec.) Sept. 18, 1750. 

Family 27. 
Children of yan^ De Witt (62) and Anne Prescott. 

179. i. Margrietje," bapt. {Rochester, Ulster County, Ch. Rec.) Afay 
30, 1753. 

180. ii. Jacob/ bapt. {Rochester, Ulster County, Ch. Rec.) March 22, 


181. iii. Henricus/ bapt. {Rochester, Ulster County, Ch. Rec.) Jan. 
29, 1761 ; d. May 7, 1850; m, (i) Margaret Schoonmaker, daughter of 
Petrus Schoonmaker and Jannetje Van de Merke ; m. (2) EUzabeth Con- 

Family 28. 

Children of Jannetje'^ De Witt (71) and Cornclis Langendyk. 

182. i. Geertruy/ bapt. June 22, 1718. 

183. ii. Lucas/ bapt. March 31, 1723 ; d. in infancy. 

184. iii. Lucas/ bapt. Nov. 7, 1725; m., April 20, 1756, Christina 

185. iv. Petrus/ bapt. June 30, 1728. 

186. V. ANNETjE/b. 1731 ; ni., Feb. 2, 1753, Arent Winne. 

187. vi. Catrina/ bapt. Sept. 2, 1733. 

188. vii. Maria/ bapt. June 6, 1736. 

189. viii. Jannetje/ bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Nov. 19, 1738. 

Family 29. 
Children of Jan '^ De Witt (73) and Ariaantje Osterhoudt. 

190. Maria/ bapt. {Catskill Ch. Rec.) Feb. 16, 1735; m., April 10, 
1757, Christian Winne. 

191. i. Petrus/ bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Sept. 26, 1737. 

192. ii. Johannes/ bapt. Dec. 25, 1739. 

193. iii. Ezeckiel/ bapt. Sept. 27, 1741. 

194. iv. CoRNELis/ bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Dec. 26, 1743. 
195 V. Benjamin/ bapt. Dec. 25, 1745. 

196. vi. Willem/ bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.)'Dec. 26, 1747. 

197. vii. Jacob/ bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) March 28, 1749. 

198. viii. Arie/ bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) March 30, 1752. 

Family 30. 
Children of Lucas '^ De Witt (74) and Catharine Roosa. 

199. i. Annatje/ bapt. Oct. 5, 1729. 

200. ii. Evert/ bapt. Nov. 25, 1733 ; m. Gertrude Persen (bapt. Jan. 
19, 1735). daughter of Abraham Persen and Catrina Schoonmaker (53). 

20 The De If itt Family, of Ulster County, New York. [Jan., 

201. iii. Marytje/ bapt. March 7, 1736. 

202. iv. jANL./bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) May 4, 1736; ^- May 18, 
1803 ; m., May 13, 1758, Anna Maria De Witt (82). Although Jan was 
not baptized until 1736, he was probably born in 1731. 

203. V. Lucas/ bapt. Aug. 20, 1738; d. 1820; m. Deborah Persen 
(bapt. Feb. 6, 1738), daughter of Abraham Persen and Catrina Schoon- 
maker (53). 

204. vi. Abraham,'* bapt. Feb. 15, 1741. 

205. vii. Jannetje,-* bapt. July 31, 1743. 

206. viii. Rachel," bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Aug. 22, 1745. 

207. ix. Catharine,'* bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Sept. 5, 1748. 

208. X. Petrus," bapt. Nov. 2, 1755. 

Family 31. 
Children of Maria ^ De Witt (75) and Hugo Freer. 

209. i. Marytjen,"* bapt. April 22, 1722, 

210. ii. Abraham, ■» bapt. Dec. i, 1723. 

211. iii. Aagje,-* bapt. April 11, 1725. 

212. iv. Catrina,'* bapt. Jan. 15, 1727, 

213. V. Rebekka,'* bapt. Jan. 5, 1729. 

214. vi. Johannes," bapt. April 8, 1733. 

215. vii. Sara," bapt. {Rhinebeck Flats Ch. Rec.) Aug. 3, 1735. 

216. viii. Neeltje," bapt. Nov. 15, 1737. 

217. ix. Petrus,'* bapt. Nov. 18, 1739. 

218. X. Lydia," bapt. {Rhinebeck Flats Ch. Rec.) July 7, 1743. 

Family t^2. 
Children of TJerck^ De Witt (77) and Marjory Sissem. 

219. i. Peek,'* bapt. April 16, 1738. 

220. ii. Jannetje," bapt. {Rhinebeck Flats Ch. Rec.) May 11, 1740; 
m., Dec. 26, 1763, Petrus Fredenberg. 

221. iii. Catrina,'* bapt. {Rhinebeck Flats Ch. Rec.) Aug. 18, 1745. 

222. iv. Maria,-* bapt. {Rhinebeck Flats Ch. Rec.) May 5, 1754. 

Family 2>3- 
Children of Christina'^ De Witt (81) and Arie Van Etten. 

223. i. Maria,-* bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Oct. 4, 1755. 

224. ii. John/ {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) June 5, 1759; "^- Maria Van 

225. iii. Jacobus," bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) March 29, 1764. 

226. iv. Elias," bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Aug. 29, 1766. 

1 88 7-] A77ierica Herd.dica — A Revie^v. 2 1 

Family 34. 
Child re?i of Anna Maria = De Witt (82) and Frederick Winne. 

227. i. Petrus,-* bapt. [Kaatshaan Ch. Rec.) April 23, 1753. 

228. ii. Benjamin/ bapt. {Kaatshaan Ch. Rec.) March 31, 1755. 

229. iii, Marritje/ bapt. {Kattsbaan Ch. Rec.) Feb. 23, 1757. 

Children ay second husband, Jati L. De Witt (202). 

229. iv. John,-* bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) April 7, 1760; d. Vob. 19, 
1816; m., July 6, 1783, Mary Breasted (b. May 9, 1766 ; d. Oct. 18, 
1853), daughter of Peter Breasted and Sarah Meinerts. 

230. V. Rachel,-* bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) July 4, 1761 ; d. March 
II, 1840; ni,, Feb. 17, 1782, John Van Leuven (b. Jan. 15, 1754 ; d. 1805). 

231. vi. Abraham,-* bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Feb. 20, 1763 (b. Jan. 
20, 1763). d. Dec. 9, 1845, 3.t Saugerties, N. Y.; m. Catharine Dederick 
(b. July 29, 1764; d. March 18, 1835), daughter of Matthew Dederick and 
Maria Emmerich. 

232. vii. Joseph,'* bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Jan. 28, 1766. 

233. viii. Maria,-* bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) April 19, 1768. 

234. ix. Andrew,^ bapt. {Kaatsbaan Ch. Rec.) Feb. i, 1775 (b. Jan. 
10, 1775)- 


This is the beginning of what promises to be a large and singularly 
sumptuous volume. It is of the graceful size and form called atlas folio. 
Each part contains two pages, each page containing sixteen coats of arms, 
printed in color, and as many pages of letter-press on which are brief 
accounts of the families, the arms of which are given. The crests 
accompany these accounts, blazoned, but not colored. The mechanical 
execution of the work is in all points admirable. 

The purpose of the author, or as he modestly styles himself, the editor, 
is to compile, or as he with equal modesty expresses it, to attempt, "a 
complete and final list of American families, emigrated before 1800, and 
having proved peremptorily their ancestral right to coat armor." The jjroofs 
that he requires are briefly these : evidence of descent from an English or 
foreign family bearing arms, or evidence that the founder (a better word 
than emigrant or settler) was entitled to bear arms. These rules sound 
well, yet stringently applied they would exclude many names of gentlefolk 
that have been held in honor since the settlement of the colonies. There 
are many families whose arms have descended, like their wine, their books, / 
and their pictures, from father to son, in successive generations, who never 
doubted nor permitted a doubt as to their title to any part of their inher- 
itance, and who, indeed, would be much astonished if they were called 

* America .Heraldica : A Compilation of Coats of Arms, Crests, and Mottoes of 
Prominent American Families Settled in this Country before 1800. Edited by E. de 
V. Vermont. Illustrated by Henry Rykers. New York : Brentano Brothers. 


ciJ-«^» O • /'S (5 


America Heraldica — A Review. [Jan., 

upon to prove what no man ever questioned. The second rule must be 
relaxed in practice. Undisputed possession in successive generations, 
shown by descent from father to son, is sufficient proof in law, in logic, and 
in heraldry of a man's title to his hereditaments. When arms have thus 
descended in families which have occupied positions of importance and 
honor in the colonies, whose social position, in other words, is firmly 
established, it is idle, and indeed hardly respectful to call upon them for 
further proofs. The fact speaks for itself. As to the first rule of descent 
from some known English or foreign family, genealogists know very well 
the vague and untrustworthy character of family traditions, particularly 
those which set forth such descents (real or imaginary) without any certain- 
ty of names, dates, or circumstance. It will be the duty of the author to sift 
all such traditions in the most relentless manner, and to test them by pre- 
cisely such evidence as would be requu-ed in a court of law. We may be per- 
mitted, however, to suggest that far more elaborate researches than he 
contemplates will be required, and that the sources of information which 
he mentions are by no means adetjuate. The great crux of American 
genealogists has always been to connect the founder of colonial famiUes, 
even of honor and repute, with the family from which there may be 
reason to believe that they are derived. This is a matter of great diffi- 
culty, and patient and prolonged investigation may not always be crowned 
with success. In the cases of Washington, Lawrence and Woodhull, three 
of the best-studied families, the line of descent has never been established. 
In the first two cases there has never been much more than conjecture. 
Sir Isaac Heard's and Major Lecount's "conjectural pedigrees" have, in 
the happy ignorance which prevails of the meaning and purpose of such 
works, been accepted as if they were authentic, which they never pre- 
tended to be. The claims of Woodhull rest simply upon an old manu- 
script pedigree in the possession of the family, which has never been 
proved, and which it has thus far been found impossible to reconcile with 
the printed pedigrees. It is fair to add, however, that the connection of 
the New York WoodhuUs with the English family is sufficiently proved by 
the arms which they quarter. A full account of the achievement which 
Mr. Vermont mentions was given in the Record, vol. i., p. 25, to which we 
will beg leave to refer him. He will there learn that it was sent to Mr. 
Woodhull by his cousin John, Lord Crew, the last but one of the elder 
Barons Crew whom he appears to confuse with the later Lords Crewe, an 
entirely new creation. 

While commending the intelligence and usefulness of Mr. Vermont's 
design, and the excellence at least of its mechanical execution, we have 
thought it right to say thus much, not in the least by way of censure, but 
in order to point out the gravity and difficulty of his undertaking and the 
extreme care and diligence that will be required to bring it to a successful 
issue. He will understand that, if we now proceed to illustrate the 
force and value of our remarks by some further observations, we do so in 
the most friendly spirit, and that our wish is, even though our suggestions 
assume the form of criticism, to help him in his work ; and we trust that 
he will see the wisdom of the suggestion which we now make, that he 
submit his future numbers to the revision of some adept before he gives 
them to the public. 

The well-known arms of Livingston, of Linlithgow, and Greenburgh, 
New York, are : " Argent three cinquefoils gules within a double Iressure 

[887-] America Heraldica — A Review. 


flory and counterflory vert." The gilly flowers belong to the Livingstons 
of Kilsyth and Aberdeen. They are found, however, in the bookplate of 
Edward Livingston, which also gives a ship in a stormy sea for a crest, 
with the motto " Spero meliora.''' They are probably a mistake of some 
painter or engraver, like the blue tressure in Mr. Vermont's engraving. 
The third quarter contains the arms of Callendar ; but what the second 
may be, we acknowledge our inabihty to discover. It may be as well to say, 
once for all, that in a work like this only paternal arms should be given, 
and quarterings and impalings should be sedulously avoided. They are 
needless and may be misleading. The arms of Lord Fairfax, are : " Or 
three bars gemelles gules surmounted of a lyon rampant sable." The 
illustration, with its single bars and its lyon rampant proper, is evidently 
taken from some corrupted drawing. The old Welsh arms of Morris give 
an unnecessary quartering. The arms attributed to Russell are not in 
Burke's Armory, but are given by Berry to Russell of Worcester. They 
are probably an older form of the arms of Russell of Essex, which are 
augmented. The arms given as those of Hutchinson, Mr. Vermont says, 
have not met with the approbation of English heralds. This is not sur- 
prising, for they are curiously corrupted by placing color upon color. 
There is the less excuse for going wrong, since they are given rightly in 
Gore's roll. The proper blazon is : *' Per pale gules and azure, a lyon 
rampant argent between eight crosses crossletor;" that is to say, the lyon 
is silver. We would not express ourselves too strongly, if we were to say 
that nothing but reprehensible carelessness could have permitted so 
elegant a page to be so dismally disfigured by a blunder which any tyro 
should be able to correct. We regret that very much the same must be 
said of the arms of Tyng. That name does not occur in Burke or Berry, 
nor is it known to Jouffroy d'Echavannes. It is possible that it may have 
diverged at some early period from Goldsworthy, to which name Sir 
Bernard Burke gives the arms. The illustration leaves out a martlet, 
which it ought not to have done, since Gore's roll gives the blazon rightly. 
'' Argent on a bend cottised sable three martlets or." The arms of Han- 
cock differ from any recognized blazon. Hancock of Devonshire gives : 
" Gules on a chief argent three cocks of the lield," which is evidently the 
original arms. The dexter hand appaumee is doubtless a modern augmen- 
tation. Thorndike of Lincoln, gives : " Ermine on a chief gules three 
leopards' faces or." It is not conceivable that any differencing could have 
changed the field itself; and we are forced to infer that "Argent, five 
guttees de sang, 3, 2, i," could have had its origin only in the fancy 
of some artist who misread the ermine spots. Winthrop is one of the 
families which possess a patent. It is several years since we have seen it, 
but we are under the impression that, like Gore's roll, it makes the lyon 
sable. Eliot of St. Germans, gives : " Argent a fess gules between two 
bars wavy azure." If the arms given by Mr. Vermont be correct, which 
we are much inclined to doubt, they involve at least one ancient difference 
and imply a separation from the parent stock at a very early period. The 
same is true of Hoar. The modifications, however, of which the editor 
speaks, are not insignificant, but preciieiy the reverse. In the arms of Emer- 
son the lyons should properly move in the direction of the bend and not 
fessways, as they are drawn. The arms of Lord of London appear to have 
been augmented by the introduction of a hind trippant or between the 
two pheons. The Lathrop arms have given us some perplexity. We have 


America HcrahUca — A Review. [Jan., 

not been able to find either arms or name in any English or French book 
at present accessible to us, yet as they are clearly traced back to 1657 and 
are heraldrically accurate, there can be no shadow of a doubt that they are 
true arms and lawfully borne. The Tyler arms are evidently modern, as 
Mr. Vermont tells us, though he does not tell us that they are altered from 
older devices. The Quincey or Quincy arms are given in what is evidently 
their oldest form, and they are probably very ancient. Now, we regret 
that we are forced to speak sharply. We are completely at a loss to 
imagine how or where Mr. Vermont could have met with the extraor- 
dinary composition which he attributes to the celebrated name of Alex- 
ander, or why he did not at once reject it with the contempt it merits. It 
bears upon its face unmistakable evidence of being an invention of one of 
those pretended herald painters, of whom Mr. Vermont speaks elsewhere 
in terms of just reprobation, who are said to make a practice of palming 
off their crude notions upon unsuspecting persons for filthy lucre's sake. 
It is really inexcusable in him to permit his pages to be so shamefully dis- 
figured. The arms of Alexander, " Per pale argent and sable, a chevron 
and in base a crescent counterchanged," are as well known as any in 
Scotland. The crest is " A bear sejant proper ; " but the several branches 
of this large family appear to have had a custom of their own, of differ- 
encing by varying their crests. The crest of General Alexander, 
commonly, and no doubt justly, called Lord Stirling, was " A beaver 
sejant proper." That gentleman was the last, and not, as Mr. Vermont 
appears to think, the first of his innnediate family. He himself, in fact, 
and his father, James Alexander, a well-known lawyer, were the only two 
that were ever in New York. Neither left any male descendants. Their 
daughters married into many of the best-known families of New York and 
other States, and left a numerous progeny, of which an account is given in 
Miss Jay's " Descendants of James Alexander," printed in the Record, 
vol. xii., p. 13 et seq. The crosses pattee in the arms of Barclay are 
properly argent. There is no doubt a royal descent through an inter- 
marriage of Colonel David Barclay of Urie, with Katharine, daughter of 
Sir Robert Gordon, but that circumstance could be more clearly stated 
than by saying that the pedigree " traces back to King Bruce of Scotland." 
The family name of King Robert I. was certainly Bruce ; but it is usual to 
describe sovereign princes by their Christian names. Warren may be of 
the blood of William de Warren, but his arms hardly show it. In the 
Clinton arms the mullets should be pierced, as indeed they are in the 
bookplate of the late Charles Clinton. The crescent is merely a difterence, 
intended to mark the bearing of a second son, and ought to have been 
omitted. The grifiin's head contournee (turned the wrong way) in the arms 
of Gardiner is a blunder of some painter who apparently tried to improve 
upon his model. The cross engrailed azure of Sinclair is borne in the 
second quarter by the American family instead of over all. No doubt there 
is some good reason for this variation from the arrangement adopted by 
the Earls of Caithness. The arms of Amory do not look right. There 
seems to be a mistake in the drawing j but we cannot be quite sure with- 
out a blazon. The Coffin arms bear marks of great antiquity. Mr. 
Vermont will pardon us if we observe that the New England Brewsters do 
not seem to have set up a very strong title to the arms which they have 
" adopted." 

We will here close this technical, and to the ordinary reader dry, if not 


1887.] America Heraldica — A Review. 2=5 

unintelligible, discussion, and spare our readers the comments which we 
had contemplated upon the foreign arms. We will only say that continen- 
tal heraldry is an eccentric thing, and that Dutch and German heralds are 
apt to indulge in vagaries which seem to their more sober English brethren 
to be exceedingly irregular. We will content ourselves with observing 
that Luquer, Stuyvesant, and Jay may be right, though they depart from 
elementary j^rinciples of English heraldry; but that Bleecker clearly 
impales some marriage, which, as we have already said, ought to have 
been omitted. Only paternal arms are entitled to a place in such a work, 
and they should, in every instance, be accompanied by a blazon. The 
editor of so important a book ought to be aware that students of genealogy, 
with which heraldry is closely connected, work from descriptions of arms, 
and not from drawings, and that to furnish them only with drawings is to 
double their labor without any necessity. 

We will sum up in a few words what we have already said. We think 
that we have shown good cause for saying that Mr. Vermont must exercise 
the most careful supervision over his artists, and that, if he be wise, he will 
submit their work to the revision of some competent person. We regret 
very much that we have been compelled to inflict a long commentary, full 
of hard words, upon our readers ; but they need not read it unless they 
like ; and there really was no other way of saying what our duty required 
us to say. We again seriously advise Mr. Vermont to reconsider his / 
second rule, and to admit all arms that have descended from father to son, y 
without question, for three generations; that is to say, for about a hundred 
years. He seems to have overlooked the fact that, while the oldest branch 
of a family may be able to produce the seal of the founder, or contempo- 
rary evidence that he bore arms, the younger branches, in the nature of 
things cannot. The most that they can do is to go back to the point at 
which they diverged from the parent stock. If he insist upon the stringent 
rule that he has laid down, there is real danger that he will exclude many 
of the oldest and most honorable families of the colonial aristocracy, 
whose right to their hereditary arms has never been questioned. On the 
other hand, he must be very careful about traditionary claims to descent 
from English or continental families, and insist, with the utmost strictness, 
upon verification and proof. 

That we approve wholly of Mr. Vermont's design, and measurably of 
its execution, he has a right to infer from the fact that the Record has 
given him a review and not a notice, which he may, if he will, take as a 
compliment. To be sure we have once or twice been obliged to speak a 
little sharply, and to censure carelessness ; but our tone throughout has 
been one of approbation. The work that Mr. Vermont has undertaken is 
one that requires knowledge, attention, and unremitting care, in order that 
the result may be accurate. If the real use of arms be, as it is, to aid in 
the study of biography and genealogy, it will be patent that false arms are 
worse than none. It may perhaps not be generally known that the smallest 
variation in blazoning or drawing may convert true arms into false, and 
thus mislead students. Heraldry is a science which, no less than mathe- 
matics, requires perfect accuracy. Finally, we beg leave to say that the 
proper title of the book is " America Heraldrica." Heraldic means relat- 
ing to heralds ; heraldric, relating to heraldry. This distinction is set forth 
and sanctioned by Mr. Lower, and is accepted by approved authorities. 

B. R. B. 


Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [Jan-, 

CrrY OF NEW YORK.— Baptisms. 

(Continued from Vol. XVII., p. 275, of The Record.) 


A° 1715- 

Sept: 18. 


October 2. 



Jacobus Kwik, Ma- Johannes. 

ria Smith. 
Ha sun el Matysse, Grietje. 

Marytje Ryke. 

Davidt Mandeviel, Hendrik. 

Jannetje Jacobs. 
Pieter Van Cotiwen- Johannes. 

hove, Wyntje ten 

F r a n s Garbrantse, Petrlis. 

Elisabeth Wessels. 
James I>ee, Justina Wilhelmus 

Elias Breevoort. Ma- Johannes. 

rytje Sam man. 
Hendrik Vonk, Ca- Cathaiina. 
^ thaiina Hegemans. 
Hendrik Kuyler, Hendrik. 

Maria Jacobz. 
Thorn as Sanders, Beatrix. 

Aaltje Santfoord. 
Barent Van Kleek, Barent. 

Antenette Palme- 
Abraham Lefferts, Abraham. 

Sara Hooglant. 
Barent De Boog, Hendri- 

Rachel Hoppe. cus. 

S a 1 o- 
Vredrik Sebring, Ma- Aaltje. 

rytje Provoost. 
David Mandeviel J", Catharina. 

Marytje Van Hoe- 
Cornelus Romme, Marytje. 

Maria Kierstede. 
Anthony Ham, Eliza- Anthony. 

beth Meyer. 
Charles Philips, Ma- John. 

ria Ten Broek. 
Jeremiah B or res, Maria. 

Cornelia Eckeson. 
Nathaniel Usseldun, Margrietje 

Imme Miller. 
Jacob Yselsteyn, Cat- Matheus. 

lyntje Van Deiir- 



Sjoert Olphertse, Jenneke 

Abraham Ryke, Grietje 


Hendrik EUes, Rachel 

Jacob Van Kouwenhove, 

Jaqiiemyntje Van Nor- 

Wessel Wessels, Rachel 

Van Imbiirg, s: h: v. 
Philip Witvelt, Ann eke 

Hendrik Brevoord, Jan- 
netje Van Schaik. 
Coenraat Ten Yk, Saartje 

Van Vorst, s. h. v, 
Johannes Kuyler, Rachel 

Abrah. Santfoort, Vroutje 

Pieter Bos, Jan Harber- 

ding, Susanna Bos. 

Lammert Van Dyk, Aal- 
tje Van Pelt. 

Isaac Brat, Dievertje 
Wessels, s. h. v"". Jacob 
Brat, Aefje Wessels, s. 
h. v^ 

Cornelus Sebering & Aal- 
tje, s. h^ vrouvv. 

Abraham Mesier, Eliza- 
beth Mesier, s. h. v, 

Johannes Romme, Sara 
Van Rans. 

Cornelus Timmer, Mary- 
tje Van Biieren. 

Jan ten Broek, Elsje ten 
Broek, s: siister. 

Thomas Montanje, Sara 
Van Aarmen. 

Jeremiah Borres, Applony 

Matheus Sensing, Catha- 
rina Provoost, s: h: v: 

1887-] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 

A' 1715. 

[373 & 374] 
October 16. 

Novenib: 2. 



Decemb: 2. 



James Biissey, Catha- Aefje. 

rina Van Gelder. 
Johannes Van Kleek, Petrus. 

Aaltje Bos. 
Matheus Bel, Vrou- Matheus. 

tje Genets. 
Thomas Sickels, Jan- Roberdt. 

netje Brevooit. 
Joseph H o u w e r, Sara. 

Christina de Mill. 
Jacobus Renaudet, Adriaan. 

Belitje Hooglant. 
Willem Bogert, Hille- Cornelus. 

g o n t J o r i s V. 

Pieter V o s b e r g e, Sara. 

Grietje Ryke. 
Roberd Canimel, Eli- Elizabeth 

zabeth Borth. 11 jaren, 

James 9 
jaren, Tho- 
mas .... 
Johannes Marschalk, Elizabeth. 

Annatje Turk. 
S a m so n B e n s i n g, Tryntje. 

Marytje Bocke. 
Nicolaas Hayman, Nicolaas. 

Willemyntje Jil- 

Adriaan Koning, Ra- Johannes. 

chel Peek. 
Jan Bos, Marytje Johannes. 

Rob^erd Bensen, obyt, Roberd, 

Cornelia Roos. 
Dirk Bensen, Catlj^n- Tanneke. 

tje Bocke. 
Johannes Jooste, Jii- Cornelus. 

dith Verwe\>. 
Johannes Barit, Wil- Philippus. 

lemyntje Fihps. 
Jan Van Hoesen, Johannes. 

Engeltje Jans. 
Gaspares Blank, An- Agnietje. 

genietje Post. 
Walter H)>er, Anna- Catharina. 

tje Blom. 
Jochem Andriesen, Maria. 

Maria Worford. 


Johannes Van Gelder, 
J"., Aefje Van Gelder. 

Petrus Van Kleek, An- 
natje Bos. 

Samuel Shahaan, Belitje 

Abraham Van Dedrse, 
Anna Sickels. 

Isaac de Mill, Marytje 

Johannes Bj'vank, Anna- 
tje Hooglant, ^Ved^ 

Adriaan Bogert, Maria 
Bogert, s: suster. 

Jan Ryke, Helena Ryke. 

Joost Balding & Sophia, 
s. h. v., William Fur- 
bush, Maria Palding, 
William Buyle, Anna 

Andries Marschalk, Mar- 
retje Ttirk. 

Harmen Bensing, Aaltje 
Bickes, s: hs. v"'. 

Theunis ) gomerendyk. 

Antje [ ^ 

Johannes Koning, Grietje 

Johannes Pieterse, Re- 

becka Montanje. 
Geiirt Roos, Aaltje 

Jacobus Bocke, Tanneke 

Bocke, Wed^ 
Jacob Brat, Catharina de 

Philippus Van Cortlant, 

Catharina Wendell 
Frans Reyerse, Geesje 

Van Hoese. 
Isaac Blank, Catlyntje 

Vicktoor Hyer, Mayke 

Willem Beek, AlidaTiirk, 

s: h^ v". 

>S Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Nezv York. [Jan., 

A» 1715. 



A° 1 716. 
January i. 


January 25. 


William Hemmen, William. 

Hester Storm. 
Jan Hibon, Antje Gerret. 

Johannes Dow, Sara Johannes. 

de P'reest. 
Philippus Van Burs- Harmanus. 

sen, Margrietje 

Benjamin Van Vegte, Ruben. 

Jannetje Eckeson. 
S y b r a n t Brouwer, Sybrant. 

Sara Webber. 

Jacobus Kip, Catha- Willem. 

rina de Hart. 
John Cure, Gerretje Roberdt. 


Hendrikus Koerte, 
Elizabeth de Rie- 

Carste Burger, Sara 

Ysebrant Van Cleef, 
Jannetje Van der 

Casparus Bosch, Jan- 
netje Meathen. 

Victoor Bicker, Eva 





Anthony Lippenar, 

Elizabeth de 

Thimotheum Telley, 

Elizabeth Burger. 
Johannes Brestede, 

Re beck a Onkel- 

Jan Kleck, Grietje 

Van Pelt. 
Gerret Van Laar, Jan- 
netje Stredels. 








Isaac Van Deurse, An- 
netje Waldrom, s. hi v"'. 

Pieter Van Houte, Claar- 
tje Post, s: h^ v'. 

Gerret & ) 

Susanna \ 

Jan de Lamontanje, Wy- 
brug Van Biirssen. 

de Freest. 

Thomas Montanje, Antje, 

syn hiiys \'. 
Jacob Brouwer, Johanna 

Elisabeth Broiiwer. 

Johannes Kip, Sara Kip. 

Jacobus Kip, Vrouwtje 
Kwik, N. B. den 4 do'' 
ingeschreven, was uyt- 
gesteld wegens D° siek- 

Abraham Boele, Aaltje 
Keteltas. N. B. uyt- 
stel als boven.f 

Joseph Waldrom, Catha- 
rina Burger. 

Abraham Lefferts, Sara 
Lefferts, s. h. V. 

A 1 b a r t u s Coenradus 
Bosch, Maria Bosch. 

Jiirian Witvelt, Claasje 

Victoor Hyer, Mayke 

Michiel Vaughton, Ca- 
tharina Vaughton, s. h. 


Jacobus Moene, Engeltje 

Boudewyn Wessels, Ma- 
ria Wesselse, s. h. v. 

Hendrik Van Pelt, Tietje 

Van Pelt, s. h. v. 
Johannes Hardenbroek, 

Catharina Brestede. 

* Intended to have been baptized on the 4th, and postponed on account of the clergyman's sickness, 
t Postponed for the above reason. 

1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 


A' 1716. 
February i. 



Maert 9. 


Thomas Miller, An- 

neke de Honetir, 

Egbert Van Biirssem, 

Elizabeth Bensing. 
Wilhehiius Beekman, 

Metje Math. 
Jan Rosevelt, Heyl- 

tje Sjoerts. 
Abraham Meyer, En- 

geltje Bussing. 
Simuel Kip, Mar- 

grietje Rykman. 
Ewout Ewouts, Zara 

Thomas Grumel, 

■Christina Giumel. 
Pieter Van Dyk, Cor- 

.nelia Van Varik. 












Isaac Bedlo, Susanna Isaac. 

. Bradj'er. 
John Horn, Rachel Rachel. 


Dirk Bensen, Eliza- Rachel. 

beth Batlift. 
Gerret Van Gelder, Aeije. 

Johanna Kvvik. 
Isaac Gouverneur, Geertruy. 

. Sara Staats. 
Jacob Massing, Cor- Jacob. 

nelia Dykman. 
Nicolaas Daly, Eliza- Hendrik. 

beth Crigier. 
Philippus Van Cort- Philippiis. 

lant, Catharina de 

Robberd Bartoll, Sa- Sara. 

ra Van der Spiegel. 

Coenraat Ten Yk, Annatje. 
Sara Van Vorst. 

Abraham Bargeau, Gerret. 

Geertje Bres. 
Jesse de Lamontanje, Annetje. 

Gerretje Jeadts. 
William Eurbosch, Alexander. 

Maria Palding. 


Johannes de Honeur, 
Christina de Honeur. 

Hendriki!is Bensing, Cor- 
nelia Roos. 

Tohannes ) -r, , 
<?, A u- r Beekman. 
& Aaltje \ 

Sjoert Olphertz, Aaltje 

Hendrik Myer, Wyntje 
Ree, s: h'' v^ 

Johannes Rykman, Ca- 
tharina Kip. 

Jan Ewouts, Marytje Tie- 

Roberd Chekling, Catha- 
rina Lepper. 

Abraham Van Varik, 
Immetje V. Dyk, h. v. 
van Petrus Kip. 

Pieter Bedlo, Elizabeth 

Philippus Menthorn, Hil- 
legont Mentorn. 

Johan* Van Seyse & Ju- 
dith, zyn buys v''. 

Johannes Van Gelder, 
Aefje Van Gelder. 

Philip Schuyler, Anna 
Elizabeth Staats, s. h. v. 

Davidt Aartse, Heyltje 
Hassing, s. h. v. 

Adriaan Man, Hester 
Bording, s. h. v. 

Samuel Bayard, Elizabeth 
de Peyster. 

Rip Van Dam, Johannes 

Jansen, Marretje Van 

der Spiegel. 
Coenraat Ten Yk, Antje 

Van Vorst, Se', Antje 

Van Vorst, J". 
Gerret Bres, Orseltje 

Johannes de Lamontanje, 

Maria Bosch. 
Joost Palding, Elizabeth 



Records of the Refortned Dutch Church in New York. [Jan. , 

A" 1716. 

April I. 

April I. 




Frans Fieterse, Ra- Jan. 

chel Eckeson. 
Jan Wilkeson, Mar- Gerret. 

grietje Dow. 
Pieter Anient, Eliza- Jannetje. 

b e t h V a n T i e n- 

Jacob Swaan, Dirkje Rebecka. 

Hendrik Van Pelt, Annatje. 

Antje Brdyn. 
Jan Van Pelt, Maria Theunis. 

Anthony de Mill, Elsje. 

Marytje Provoost. 
Benjamin James, Marytje. 

Aaltje Brakel. 
Samuel Pel, Marytje Hester 

Mesier. Elizabeth 

Tho.mas Slow, Eliza- Urcela. 

beth Wessels. 
Victoor Hyer, Jan- Cornelia, 

netje Van Gelder. 
Joris Dykman, Cat- Teunlje, 

lyntje Teunis. 

Jan Van Voorn, Jii- Heiltje. 

dith Slot. 
Gerret Bras, Helena Marytje. 

Jan Niewkerk, Jen- Engeltje. 

neke Brestede. 

HarmanCis Rutgers, Maria. 

Catharina Meyer. 
Casparus Franse, Elizabeth. 

Elizabeth Pieters. 

Abraham Aalsteyn, Margrietje. 

Marretje Janse. 
Hendrik Meyer, Johannes. 

Wyntje Rhee. 
Willem Rome, Anne- Marytje. 

tje Wessels. 
Johannes de Freest, Gerrardiis. 

Catharina Rave- 



Thomas Eckeson, Eliza- 
beth Moor. 

Pieter Jacobse, Reymerig 

Samuel Pel, Geertrfty 

Samuel Dunskom, Ra- 
chel Swartwout. 
Johannes Poel, Francyn- 

tje Wesgegg. 
Davidt Provoost, Catha- 
rina Pra, s: h= v'. 
Filip Terneuf, Annatje 

Van den Burg. 
Steven Brakel, Hester 
dAdriaan Man, Hester 
a Bording, s. h. v., Abra- 
I ham Mesier, Elizabeth 
Koiiwenhove, s. h. v'. 

Nicolaas Anthony, Mar- 
grietje Egberts. 
Johannes Van Gelder, 

Har'"z, Marytje Hyer. 
Harmaniis Van Gelder 

Teuntje Yedesse, s: h^ 

Evert Pels, Maria Elze- 

Hendrik Bras, Orseltje 

Johannes Brestede, 

Rebecka Onkelbag, s. 

Jan Canon, Maria Van 

der Heul, Wed'. 
Pieter Franse, Elizabeth 

Pieters, de moeder 

Barent Waldrom, Grietje 

Adolph Meyer, Catharina 

Abraham de Lanoy, Jan- 
netje Rome, s. h. v. 
lede Myer, Judith Rave- 


1 88 7- J Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 


May 2. 

May 20. 


Hendrikiis Van der Sara. 

Spiegel, Janneke 

2. Nicolaas de Vode, Magdalena. 

Catharina Ekkers, 
Alex.ander Fenix, Alkzander. 

Hester Van Vqrst. 
Davidt Devoor, T'an- Elizabeth. 

netje de Lamon- 

Johannes Aartse, Ma- Elbert. 

ria Marshall. 

Christoffel Beekman, Magdalena. 

Maria de Lanoy. 
Wynant Vant Zant, Tgbias, 

Catharina ten Yk. 

Gidion Castang, Gidion. 
Tryntje Cokever. 

Theophilus Else- Sara. 

warth, Sara Ver- 

Cornelus Klopper, Cornelus. 

J"S Catharina Gre- 


Gysbert Liveston, Alida. 
Cornelia Beek- 
21, Matheus Bensen, Ca- Catharina. 

tharina Provoost. 
George Brevventon, George. 
Maria Ver Duyn. 
27. Wessel Wessels, Ma- Frans. 

ria Ten Yk. 
Jiiny T. Willem Backet, Pie- Albartus, 

ternella Van de 
Bs^ltus de Hart, Mar- Johanna, 
grietje Mourits. 

Johannes Elsewarth, Ariaantje. 

Sara Blekwel. 
Dirk Coek, Susanna Dirk. 

10. Dirk Rhee, Elsje Nicolaas. 

Cornelus de Peyster, Jannetje. 

Cornelia Dissenton. 


Willem Provoost & Ca- 
tharina Boele, Abrah 

Hendrik Vonk, Magda- 
lena Vonk, s. moeder. 

Johannes de Lamontgne, 

uy sr 

Elizabeth Devoor. 

Geertruy Slingerlant. 
Abraham de Lamontanje, 

Jeames Waters, Johanna 
Aartse, Wed^ van El- 

Evert Duyking, Madalena 

Jacobus Krankheyt, Eli- 
zabeth Krankheyt, s: 
h: v:, 

Servaas Vliereboom, Ca- 
tharina Schott. 

Cornelus Kierstede, Eli- 
zabeth Fieiey. 

Cornelus Klopper, S", 
Llacretia Greveraat, 
Johanna Hage in Am- 

Gerrardus Beekman, 
Geertruyd V. Cortlant, 
Wed^ ^ 

Hendrikus Bensen, Eliza- 
beth Provoost. 

Jiistes Bosch, Margrietje 
Ver duyn. 

Frans Wesselse, Tryntje 
Wessels, s. h^ v"'. 

Cornelus Klopper, Se', 
Pieternella Van de 
Water, Wed. 

Gerrardus Mourits & Ja- 
cob Moiiritsz, Catha- 
rina Kip. 

Cornelus Romme, Tevin- 
tje Tibout. 

Isaac de Riemer, J", Ma- 
ria Kannon. 

Lourens Van der Spiegel, 
Maria Potter. 

Robberd Law, Cornelia 
de Peyster. 


Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [Jan., 

A" 1716. 





Juny 24. 

July I. 







Claas Bogert, Grietje Belitje. 

.Jacob Sainman, Cat- Thomas. 

lyntje Bensen. 
Johannes Kerbyl, Susanna. 

Margrietje Pro- 

Symon Krigier, Anna Anna. 

Van Oort. 
Joseph Leddel, Maria Sara. 


Richard Kendrik, EHzabeth. 

Maria Robberts. 
Jacob Brat, Aefje Jacob. 

Jan Vos, VVillernyntje Maria. 

Pieter Davie, Maria Pieter. 


Timothy Thalley, Elizabeth. 

Maria Poll. 
Ihon Smith, Barentje Jozeph. 

Frans Reverse, Jen- Saratje. 

neke Dy. 
Abraham Wendal, The{inis. 

Catharina de Kay. 
John Witton, Geertje Jan. 

Jacobus Mol, Lidia Abraham, 

Pieter Bedlow, Maria Maria. 


Gerret Hassing, En- Elizabeth. 

geltje Burgers. 
Willem Tiel, Sara de Geertriiyd. 

William Gouyan, Elizabeth. 

Margreta Daniels. 
Jan Pieterse, Antje Elizabeth. 

de Lamontange. 
Johannes de Lamon- A n n a t j e, 

taoge, SaraParcell. Geb''2 2 d°. 
Valentyn Pre s ling, Martinus. 

Christina France. 
Philip Blekledge, Philip. 

Willempje Sluys. 


Johannes Graaf, Eliza- 
beth Van Schaik 

Elias Brevoord, Jannetje 
Van Schaik. 

Fredrik Sebring, Cathari- 
na Klopper. 

Dirk Ivoek, 

Joseph Leddel, 
Maria V i n- 

Barent Kool 



\ de oii- 
>• ders 
) zelve. 
, Marytje 


Brat, s: h^: v"'. 

Willem Gouyen, Grietje 
Goiiyen, s. h. v^ 

Cornelus Kierstede, Eli- 
zabeth Kierstede, Wpd. 
van Ja^ Kierstede. 

Elbert Lieverse, Eliza- 
beth Tiirpey. 

Hendrik Bres, Margrieta 

Willem Rome, Sara Turk, 
s: h^ vrouw. 

Johannes Van Brugh, 
Helena de Kay. 

Loiiwerens Wesselse, 
Francyntje Stiltheer. 

Johannes Van Deurse, 
Aefje Moll. 

Barent Reynderse, Ca- 
tharina Bedlow, Wed^ 
van Samuel Staats. 

Timothey Tillej-, Eliza- 
beth Burger, s. h. v. 

Harme Bussing, Sara Se- 
love, s. h. v. 

Johannes Symonse, Eli- 
zabeth Pouwelse. 

Johannes de Lamontanje, 
Hester Blom. 

Abraham Vredenburg, 
Elizabeth Montangie. 

Johannes Kevser, Eliza- 
beth Kerlag. 

Dirk Bensen, Samson^ 
zoon, Helena Van 

1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 


A° 1716. 
August: i. 



Sept: 2. 

Isaac de Riemer, Jn"', Catharina. 

Antje Woertraan. 
Adolph de Groofif, Pieter. 

Rachel Goederus. 
Riitgerd Waldrom, Sara. 

Cornelia INIaas. 

Harmanus Bensen, Annatje. 

Aaltje Bickers. 
Philip Dalej', Corne- Cornelia. 

lia Van Gelder. 
Arnout Hendrix, Lea. 

Geertje Claase. 
Jacob Marius Groen, Margrietje. 

Maria Salusbiirev. 
Ediiard Men, Mary- Elizabeth. 

tje Vyn Deurse. 
Andrew Visset, Jan- Johannes. 

netje de Voor. 

16. Bogert, Ma- 
ria de Lamontanje. 

Abraham Blank, Ma- 
ria Larence. 

Jacobus Van Varik, 
Anna Maria Bre- 

Elias EUes, Sara 

Charles Le Roux, 
Catharina Beek- 

Hendrik Slott, Chris- 
tina Ricklaes. 

Vredrik Woertendyk, 
Dievertje Quack- 

Daniel Lieu wis, 
Qeesje Bradjor. 

Hans Kierstede, Ma- 
ria Van Vleck. 

John Liewi?, Anneke 

Robert Cheklen, Ca- 
tharina Mortier. 

Jeames Wynn, Eliza- 
beth Bedlo. 

Abraham Van Deur- 
se, Jn"', Lucretia 





Magdalen a. 

Jan, geboren 

July 5- 








Jacob Marius Groen, 
Cornelia Mourits. 

Pieter de Groof, Janneke 
de Groof, Wed^ 

Pieter Brestede, Grietje 

Matheus Bensen, Annatje 

Pieter Willemse Rome, 

Teuntje Van Gelder. 
Samuel Shahaan, Neeltje 

Cosyn, s: h: v"". 
Jan Cannon, Catalina 

de Hart. 
Abraham Van Deurse, 

Annatje Van Deurse. 
Capt: Willem White, Wil- 
lem de Voor, Elizabeth 

de Voor. 
Willem Bogert, Stj'nije 

Casparus Blank, Angenie- 

tje Blank, s. h. v. 
Andries Brestede, Anne- 

tje Brestede, s: moeder. 

Hendrik Bras, Rebecka 

Gerrardus Beekman, Se^, 

Magdalena Beekman, 

s: h: v: 
Jan Van Voren, Judith 

Jacob Coning, Se', Aefje 


Isaac Bedlow, Sara Play. 

Jesse Kierstede, Cathari- 
na Van Vlek. 

Daniel Blom, Margrietje 

Johannes Mortier, Sara 

Isaac Bedlo, Catharina 
Staats, Wed=. 

Johannes Van Deinse 
Gerretje Fiele\>. 

^4 English Ancestry of the Leonard Family. [J^'^-, 


By O. B. Leonard, Plain field, N. J. 

This family was primarily of Saxon origin. The name is found some 
twelve hundred years ago among the " forest smiths " of Germany, and 
spelled Leonard, which is old German of the sixth century. After the 
Saxon invasion of England some of the Leonards, workmen in metals, 
left the Continent and settled in Kent County and Sussex, among the 
iron hills. In the course of time, as these mines proved unproductive, 
great inducements were offered to laborers skilled in the business to re- 
move to the western parts of England on the borders of Wales. The 
" Doomesday-Book " of 1086 mentions the existence of iron works at this 
time in the counties of Somerset, Gloucester, Hereford, and other counties 
adjacent to the Welsh country. It was from the iron-mining districts of 
Monmouthshire, in Wales, that the branch of the Leonard family came 
who settled in the New England colonies, between 1625-50, and continued 
in the vicinity of Boston the hereditary business of their ancestors. 

During the fourteenth century King Edward III. greatly encouraged 
the iron industry, and old Sussex and Kent became again the principal 
seat of the iron manufacture in Great Britain. It is to these counties 
that the Leonards trace back their pedigree to landed property-holders 
and titled nobility. In fact, the family are said to have descended in two 
lines from Edward III. through his two sons, John of Gaunt, Duke of 
Lancaster, and his youngest son, Thomas Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester. 

The name is found spelled two ways — Leonard and Lennard— but the 
coats of arms borne by all of them were the same, and early members of the 
family used both forms of orthography. The title of rank was not brought 
into the family till the latter part of the sixteenth century, and then by 
Margaret Fynes, sister and heir of Gregory Fynes, Lord Dacre. 

Among the first found on record of the Leonard name, who attained to 
noted distinction, and transmitted a valuable estate, was George Leonard, 
Esq., who lived in the time of Henry VI., a.d. i422-6"2. He married 
Anna Bird, of the County of Middlesex, and was a man of property and 
influence in England, His son John had a vast heritage, owning the Manor 
of Chevening in Kent County during the reign of King Edward VI., in 
155 1. Sampson Leonard, Esq., son and heir of John Leonard by Eliza- 
beth Harman, his wife, was member of Parliament from Sussex in 1614, 
and married Margaret, Baroness Dacre, daughter of Thomas, sister and 
heir of Gregory Fynes, Lord Dacre. She died a.d. 161 i, and her son, 
Sir Henry Leonard, Knt., was Lord Dacre in right of his mother. By Sir 
Henry's marriage to Chrysogona (daughter of Sir Richard Baker, of the 
County of Kent, and granddaughter of Elizabeth, widow of George Barret, 
of Belhouse, in Essex) was born a son, Richard, thirteenth Lord Dacre ; 
who married, for his first wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Arthur Throckmorton, 
of Northampton ; and for his second wife, Dorothy, daughter of Dudley, 
Lord North. By his first wife were four children, among whom was Henry, 
the eldest son, who emigrated to America, and, not returning before his 

1887.] English Ancestry of the Leonard Family. 25 

father's death, the title descended to his brother Francis, who became four- 
teenth Lord Dacre, made Earl of Surrey, and was father of Thomas Leon- 
ard, who succeeded to the title, and was created Earl of Sussex. Thomas 
married Lady Anne Palmer, alias Fitzroy, whose parents separated. She 
was adopted by King Charles IL as his natural daughter, and given the 
name of Fitzroy. Their second daughter. Lady Anne Leonard (by the 
death of her eldest sister, Barbara, in 1741), became sole heir to her father, 
and, as such, Baroness Dacre in her own right. She had three husbands : 
first, Richard Lennard Barret ; second, Henry Roper, Lord Feynham ; 
third, Hon. Robert Moore. This Richard Lennard Barret was the son of 
Dacre Lennard and Lady Jane Chichester, which Dacre was the son of 
Richard Lennard, who took the surname of Barret in consideration of the 
Manor of Belhouse, in the County of Essex, and was the grandson of Rich- 
ard Lennard, Lord Dacre, by his second wife, Dorothy, daughter of Dud- 
ley, Lord North, above referred to. 

Lady Anne I^eonard had a son by her first husband, Richard, known 
as Hon. Thomas Barret Lennard, of Belhouse, who died 1786, and was the 
last membei* of the family name who retained the title. No legal issue of 
his name survived him, though his nephew, Charles Trevor Roper, Esq., 
became his successor to the peerage, who also died in 1 794, without issue. 
But his only sister, Gertrude Roper, by grant of Parliament, succeeded to 
the title as Baroness Dacre. She had previously married Mr. Thomas 
Brand, whose son, Thomas, on the death of his mother, in 1819, obtained 
the title and estate as Lord Dacre. 

Direct descendants of the Leonard family in this country (through 
Henry, who emigrated in 1626, or his relatives, who came in 1645-50), at 
the beginning of the nineteenth century, considered the expediency of 
claiming the royal title in question, but the special individual of the Mas- 
sachusetts family who was regarded the rightful heir preferred the inde- 
pendence of democratic liberty to bearing the honors of aristocratic nobility. 

The Leonard family of the United States, and Canada and other Brit- 
ish Provinces in North America, are all descended from the English ances- 
try who made their first settlement in what is now Afassachnsetts, during 
the forepart of the seventeenth century, and just after the landing of the 
Pilgrims of the Mayflower. 

Within one hundred years thereafter the name of Leonard was found 
among the early settlers of all the New England Colonies ; in the Counties 
of Monmouth, Morris, Hunterdon, and other sections of New Jersey ; and, 
about the time of the American Revolution many families of the Leonards 
emigrated to the British possessions, and to different States of the Union 
both South and West. 

For a detailed family pedigree of the Massachusetts branch, the inter- 
ested reader is referred to the sketches of Messrs. P'obes and Deane. 

Rev. Dr. P. Fobes, in 18 10, prepared and published, in the Massachu- 
setts Historical Collections, volume iii., page 173, a history of the New 
England branch of the Leonard family, one of the first genealogical me- 
moirs ever printed in this country. 

\n 1851 Mr. W. R. Deane published, in the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Register, volume v., page 414, a full account of the first three 
generations of the family of James Leonard, of Taunton, Mass. 


6 Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. [Jan., 


A.D. 1605. 

Transcribed by James Greenstreet, Honorary Secretary of. the Pipe- 
Roll Society. 

Considerable discussion has been rife in England, from time to 
time, respecting not only the desirability of printing parish registers, 
but likewise as to the extent to which the contents of those invaluable 
records should be made public. Many persons would doubtless find it 
difficult to understand how there could possibly be any hesitation in decid- 
ing that — with a view to the complete satisfaction of genealogical inquirers 
— the publication of any portion of a register must, of necessity, embrace 
every entry during the period covered ; and yet proposals to merely print 
selected entries from the baptisms, burials, and marriages of the respective 
parishes have not been without advocates. That eminent genealogist, 
the late Colonel Chester — who both made himself, and had made for him, 
voluminous collections of extracts from English parish registers — always 
admitted how insufficient, and frequently misleading, such collections of 
selected entries were. 

Those portions of the records under consideration which are, in the 
first instance, most likely to be of interest to the descendants of English 
settlers in America are undoubtedly the entries relating to marriages during 
the years which preceded the epoch of the emigrations to New England. 
It is in order to assist in the dissemination of such information of this kind 
as will be of service to American genealogists that 1 have carefully tran- 
scribed the record of every wedding which took place at the Church of St. 
Mary le Strand, London, from 1605 to 1625, inclusive. In those instances 
where the ceremony is stated in the register to have been by banns or 
license, the notification will be found included. The majority of the 
licenses emanated from the Faculty Office. 


Jan. 10, Samuell Evans and Sara Goodall, by lycence from the fac- 

Jan. 15, Hugh fforfayt and Cissly Webley, by lye. from the fifaculties. 

Jan. 16, John Gilderson and Anne Gilderson, by lye. from the fac. 

Jan. 17, Edward Ducke and Alice Wyseman, by lye. from the fa. 

Jan. 19, Henry Cooke and Marye fflebill, by lyke lycence. 

Jan. 20, Rumold Skinkell and Jane Machin ; banes. 

Jan. 2r, William Griffes and Jane Turpin, by certifficat from ye parson 
of Newington. 

Jan. 24, Alexander Parsons and Anne Rowland, by lye. 

Feb. 3, John Goodin and Margreat East, by lye. from the fac. 

Feb. II, John Kinge and Margreat Vuedall, by lye. from ye fac- 

Feb. 12, Henry Budworth and Katherine Laiton, per lye. from ye 

Feb. 22, Edward Boreham and Mary AUford, /<r?- lye. 

Mch. 3, Myles Egerton and Christian Wallis, per lye. from ye fac- 
u (I) ties. 

1 88 7.] Marriages at Si. Mary Le Sir and, London. ny 

Mch. 15, William Gasson and Rebecka Buttler, by lycence from the 

Mch. 22, Richard Kinge and Bettrice Briggins, by lye. from the fac. 

Apr. 6, Raphell Wyseman and Anne Wakefyld, by lye. 
Apr. 9, George Powell and Alice Needes, /<?/- lye. from the faculties. 
Apr. 21, John Walle and Marye Nicholson, by banes. 
Apr, 21, William Ingraham and Anne Turner, by banes asked. 
Apr. 2 7, John Annable and Anne Tipping, by lycence from the ffae- 

May I, ffrauneis Legg and Katherine Mynter. 
June 10, Ambros Jacob and Eliz. Smith, by banes. 
June 12, Richard Dawes and Anne Pooly, by lye. from the fac- 

July 5, Edward Bickerstaf and Eliz. Cooke, by lye. 
July 7, John Hiehins and Rose ffreborne. 

July 9, Christofer Tamworth and Awdrie Allen, by lye. from ye fac- 

July 13, William Ouste and Katherine Harwood, by lye. from the fac- 

July 18, Edward Kettleby and Eliz. Keighley, by lye. from the fac- 

July 30, John Harvy and Hanna Whittloek, by lye. from the fifaculties. 
Aug. 3, AVilliam Bitten and Alice Newland, by lye. from the fae- 

Aug. 3, Richard Willmotte and fFraunees Choppington, by banes. 
Aug. 5. Edward HoUington and Eliz. ffoordem, by a Certifficat from 
the Curatt of Orsett parishe, in Essex. 

Aug. 31, John Duffe and Margery Peeters, by banes. 
Sept. 4, John Quench and Avis Glover, by lye. from ye faculties. 
Sept. 7, Richard Cranwell and Mary Beacheott, by lye. from the fac- 

Sept. 9, Henry Allen and Alice fflatter, by lycence from the faculties. 
Sept. 18, William Lee and Anne Welby, by lycence from the faculties. 
Sept. 25, Phillip Thompson and EHz. West, by banes. 
Sept. 26, John Nate and Jouan Sayer, by lye. from the ffaeulties. 
Sept. 28, Nicholas Grauer and Eliz. Carsells, by banes asked. 
Sept. 29, John Corbett and Susan Downes, by lye. from the faculties. 
Oct. 5, John Puekford and Jouan Gillam, by banes asked. 
Oct. II, John Gotten and Anne Cooper, by lye. from the faculties. 
Oct. 16, Thomas Havergill and Eliz. Rieraft, per lye. from ye fac- 

Oct. 20, Edward Greene and Eliz. Daveson, by banes. 

Oct. 21, Barthol' Payne and Jouan Browne. 

Oct. 28, Edward Beeke and Lettiee Hone, by banes. 

Oct. 28, Henry Bourne and Julian Rosswell, by banes. 

Nov. 4, William Bingham and Anne Pellson, by banes. 

Nov. 19, John Baker and Amye Acelon, by lye. 

Nov. 24, George Gyles and Mabell Atkinsonne, by banes. 

Nov. 29, John Garnatt and Jane Vese, by lycence from the facu(l)lies. 

Nov. 29, John Rogerson and Mary Cooper, by banes. 

Dec. I, Phillip Perdue and Rose Brooke, by lye. from the ffaeulties. 

9 8 Marriages at Sf. Mary Le Strand, London, [Jan., 

Dec. II, James Grinnley and Anne Jennings, by lycence from the fac- 

Jan. 19, Robert Banister and Anne Allen, by lye. facu(l)ties. 

Jan. 2 7, John Berremy and Mary Smallwood, by lye. 

Feb. 2, William Browne and Anne Mylles, by banes asked. 

Feb. 5, Henry Warde and Jouan Dumper, by lye. 

Feb. 9, John Russell and Temperaunce Heyward, by lycence. 

Feb. 12, George Sprowde and Margaret Chambers, by lycence from 
the faculties. 

Feb. 14, Henry Porter and Jane Warren, by lycence from the fac- 

Feb. 12, Richard Vance and Margaret Dickinson, by banes. 

Feb. 16, Thomas Emson and Barbara Ashmoore, by banes asked. 

Feb. 16, Richard Buckley and Jouan Cussen, by lycen. from the fac- 

Feb. 22, Morryce Lloyde and Margaret Allysonne, by lye. from ye 

Feb. 23, Owen Hughes and Eliz. Walle, by lye. from the faculties. 

Mch. 2, Robert Clarke and Thomasine Skarlett, by lycence from 
ye fac. 

Mch. 18, George Savell and Marye Richmond, by lye. from the fac- 


Mch. 25, Robert Ninne and Alice HoUingeshead, by lye. from the fac- 

May 14, Richard Smithe and Margaret Duck, by banes asked. 

May 18, Robert Hartopp and Elizabeth Buckmister, by lycence from 
ye faculties. 

May 21, George Owen and Ancred, alias Anne, Gillam, /^r lye. from 
ye faculties. 

^^ay 28, Thomas Hulle, alias Hill, and Martha Evans, by lycence 
from the fac. 

May 31, Henry Merritt and Margery Packer, by lye. from the faculties. 

June 4, RaiTe Savage and Eliz. Higgens, by lye. from the fac. 

June 10, Hughe Baker and Rose Dabber, by lycence from the fac. 

June 10, Robert Lloyde and Cissly Graunger, by lycence from the fac- 

June 30, John Parttridge and Jouan Riddopp, by lye. from the fac- 

J. 30, Anthony Cooper and Susan Dixson, by lycence from the 

July 2, Thomas Buttler and Anne Pearson, by lycence from the facul, 

July 15, Thomas Draver and Margaret Trye, by lycence from ye fac- 

July 12, Richard Dobson and Margaret Peare, by banes of this 
pari she. 

July 31, Jozeph Bredstocke and Jouan Snowde. 

Aug. 5, James Haward and Anne Benn, by lycence from the faculties. 

Aug. 2 r, Henry Turner and ffraunces Stej^negh, by lycence from the fac- 

Aug. 16, William Emerson and Eliz. Vegleman, by lycence from 
the fac. 

Sept. 3, Robert Bayles and Eliz. Bynnyon, by lye. from the faculties. 

1887.] Marriages at Si. Mary Le Sira?id, London. 30 

Sept 18, Henry Graye and Sarah Palmer, by lycence from the facul. 

Oct. I, WiUiani Bassnett and Jouan Bower, by lycence from the fac- 

Oct. 5, James Burnell and Jouan Bubb, by banes. 

Oct. II, Lyens Crosiell and Theonett Caron, by banes asked. 

Oct. 12, Richard Tomlinson and Dorothy Hackett, by banes. 

Nov. 8, Roger Jeoffryes and Anne Vaughan, by banes. 

Nov. 22, George Mowse and Jouan Vest, by lye. faculties. 

Jan. 2, Josyas Heme and Jouan Marson, by lye. faculties. 

Jan. 23, Henry Rowland and Joyce Hillyar, by banes. 

Jan. 28, John Ansley and ffraunces Nevill, by lye. from the faculties. 

Feb. 3, John Harris and Susan Prance, by banes. 

Mch. 21, Richard ffryer and Alice Hoe, per lye. from the ffaculties. 


Apr. 7, George Mordough and Marjery Pryce, per lye. from the ffac- 

Apr. 7, John Sutt and Susan Parkes, per lye. faculties. 

Apr. 12, Thomas North and Susan Stafford, by lye. from the ffaculties. 

Apr. 23, John Leucridge and Eliz. I^ambert, by banes. 

May I, Christofer Rowe and Margaret Carter, by lycence from the fac. 

May 5, EUys Carter and Anne Cornew, by lye. Jrom the fac. 

May 10, Thomas Whittelsey and Katherine Terry, by lycence from the 

May 12, Richard Tulley and Eliz. Corye, by lycence from ye fac. 

May 14, Hughe Dightonand Eliz, Morecland, by lye. per [sic] faculties. 

May 30, Richard Hamlett and Margreate ffraneklyn, by lycence from 
the faculties. 

June 7, Edward Danyell and Joyce Avelen, by banes. 

June 9, Thomas ffetherstone and Bennet Johnson, by lycence from the 

June 21, Thomas Bell and Rebecka Hawkins, per lye. fa. 
July 10, Thomas Harrison and Mary Cogley. ~- 
July 23, Thomas Ridge and Susan Wright, by lye. from ye fac. 
July 28, William Turner and Alice Griffin, by lycence from the fac- 

Aug. 18, William Whartton and Ann Springe, by lycence from the fac- 

Aug. 20, Christofer Scot and Silvester Sage, per lye. fa. 
Aug. 28, John Burtt and Rose Banes, by banes. 
Aug. 30, Luke Langley and Anne Pryor, by lye. from yc fac. 
Sept, 6, Henry Croweh and Jouan Noble. 

Sept. 15, Samuell Hargraueand Katherine Clavell, /£'r lye. fae. 
Sept. 18, Thomas Beede and Katherine Walton, by banes. 
Oct. 9, Thomas Sherle and Ann Baud, by banes lawefully published. 
Oct. 14, Thomas Eyre and Eliz. Jezarditt, per lye. faculties. 
Nov. 9, Thomas Maddox and Margaret Brooke, per lye. fac. 
Nov. 10, William Denhani and Katherine Kirton,/^?;- lye. fac. 
Nov. 13, Rowland Lowder and Dioniseia Jenninges, by lye. from ye 

Dec. 8, Raphe Mist and Margreate Langley, by banes. 
Jan. I, Rowland Ingraham and Anne Ghoit, by banes. 
Jan. 2, ffrauneis Markham and Mary Mooreeraft, by a Certtifficite. 

^O Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. [Jan., 

Jan. 5, Andrew [blank] and Mary [blank], by a lycence from the fac- 

Jan. 8, Robert Erswell and Dorothy Easte, by lycence from the fac. 
Jan. lo, John Banckes and Jane Edlyn, by lye. 
Jan. 24, John Johnson and Alice Browne. 

Feb. 22, John Abratomy and Prudence Dunne, by lycence from 
the fac. ♦ 

Feb. 23, Nicholas Kindersley and Anne Parke, by lycence from the 

Feb. 24, John Rudding and Anne Dale, per lye. fac. 

Feb. 27, Roger Reeve and Anne Mason, /^r lye. fac. 

Feb. 28, John Dawes and Eliz. Owen, by lycence. 

Feb. 26, Sir ifrauncis Russell and Mistris Katherine Bridges. 

Mch. 5, Michaell Reade and Rebbecka James. 

Mch. 9, Robart Trapps and Ellen ffleete, per lye. fac. 

Mch. 25, Mathew Graunt and Susan Shewers, by lycence from the 

Apr. 15, Robert Gregory and Eliz. Tyler, per lye fac. 
Apr. 26, William Joulles and Anne Everest, by lye. from the ffac- 

Apr. 29, Tymothy*Allen and Dowglasse Lightwood, by lye. 
Apr. II, John Ingraham and Sarah Boother, /<fr lye. fac. 
May 6, John Churchman and Alice Rastall, per lycence fac. 
June 13, William Pollard and Honour Bedlak, by lycence from 
the fifac. 

June 27, Thomas Hallywell and Alice fframpton, by lye. from the fac- 

July 2, William Hawton and Margaret Coombes, by banes. 
July 13, Thomas, Whittlocke and Alice Jacob, /^r lye. f. 
\ July 26, William Grigson and Katherine Bosworth, by banes. 
-^ Aug. 9, Thomas Slye and Mary Higgins, by lye. from the ffaculties. 
Aug. 13, Roger Procer and Susan Crayfford, by lycence. 
Aug. 28, Thomas Goslinge and Alice Browne. 

Sept. lOj Bennett Lambe and Susan Adams, by lycence from the ffac- 

Sept. 21, William Boyton and Anne Michaell. 

Sei)t. 22, William Byckford and Susan Costard, by certifificate from St. 

Oct. 26, Jhon Barbar and Elyzabeth Baker, by a licence. 
Oct. 31, John Gidloe and Grace Mathews, by banes asked. 
Nov. 9, Robert Gard and Margaret Ketle, by banes. 
• Nov. 12, Richard ffinckley and Mary Chaundler, by lycence. 
Nov. 30, Lawrence Phillips and Jouan Goodcall, by lye. from the fac- 

Dec. 7, Jonas Graues and Elizabeth Baker, by M' Baker of Westm. 
Dec. 10, Peeter Nicholas and Sibell ffilkins, by banes. [Entered 

Dec. 10, Thomas Abbott and Anne Roj^er, per banes. 
Dec. 17, Edmund Austin and Gartred Aden, by banes. 

[887.] Baptisms in the Westbrook Family. a\ 


Copied from the Original Records of the Reformed Dutch 
Church at Machackemech (Deer Park), Ulster County, N. Y.* 

By W. H. Nearpass, Port Jervis, N. Y. 

Note. — In these records the faniil}' name appears in varied foim, such 
as Wessebrock, Westbroeck, Westbrook, etc. For interesting data as to 
the old church itself, and the marriages of these W^estbrooks and others, see 
Rev. J. B. Ten Eyck's "Translations of tiie Original Records of the Re- 
formed Dutch Church at Machackemech (Deer Park)," j^ublished at Port 
Jervis, N. Y., by W. H. Nearpass, 1877. iSmo, 65 pages. 

^W K, in italics, shows that the item thus distinguished is gleaned 
from the Kingston Church Records. 

Dyrk, m. Jenneke van Keuren. Issue: Johannes, Aug. 23, 1737; 
Tjerk van Keuren, Oct. 31, 1739; Eisabeth, May 3, 1743; Eydia, Dec. 
8, 1745 ; Sara, May 26, 1735, K. 

Cornelis, m. Antje Rosa (Roos). Issue: Petrus, May 30, 1738; 
Samuel, Feb. 9, 1746 \ Eydia, Aug. 19, 1750 ; Jacobus, May 26, 1735. 

Johannes, Jr., m.' Magdalena Wessebrock. Issue : Anthonie, Oct. 
31, 1738; Johannes, Sep. 19, 1740; Antje, Dec. 23, 1744; Johannes, 
Nov. 16, 1746; Alida, June 21, 1747; Samuel, March 12, 1749; Elisa- 
beth, March 24, 1751 j Sara, June 17, 1753 ; Joel, April 11, 1756 ; Gideon, 
Nov. 21, 1759. 

Antje, m. Jacob van Detten [Van Etten]. Issue : Dirk, May 29, 1739 ' 
Sara, May 19, 1736, K \ Anthony, June 12, 1726, K. 

Jannefje, m. Simon Westfael. Issue: Jury, April 23, 1744; Aeltje, 
Oct. 6, 1745; Simeon, Feb. 12, 1749; Jan De Witt, May 19, 1751; 
Wilhelmus, July 8, 1753 j Aeltje, P^eb. 13, 1756 ; Solomon, Jan. 27, 1758; 
Blandina, Nov. 9, 1760; Ruben, April 8, 1764. 

Jacob, m. Eydia Westfael. Issue : Blandina, Aug. 10, 1746 ; Johannes, 
May 19, 1751; Saffrein, May 12, 1754; Maria, March 29, 1767. 

Benjamin, m. Catharina Westbroeck. Issue: Antje, Sept. 7, 1746; 
Johannes, Feb. 26, 1749; Wilhelmus, Dec. 29, 1751 ; Maria, May 12, 
1754; Eidia, June 19, 1757; Cornelius, April 20, 1760; Abram, April 9, 

Heyltje, m. Cornelis van Etten. Issue: Antje, b. Nov. 30, 1746; 
Johannes, b. Jan. 20, 1751; Gideon, b. June 22, 1754; Magdalena, b. 
Jan. 27, 1759; Magdalena, b. April 9, 1762. 

Marya (Maria), m. Daniel Westfall. Issue: Abram, Jan. 29, 1749; 
Antony, Dec. 2, 1750; Aeltje, Oct. 10, 1754; Hannatje. 

Salomon, m. Hester Bevier. Issue: Eouis, Feb. 26, 1749; Moses, 
Nov. 4, 1750; Aeltje, Dec. 29, 175 1 ; Moses, July 13, 1754 5 William, 
February 15, 1756. 

*The records were copied for James R.Gibson, Jr., for use in the preparation of a 
Janscn Van Keuren genealogy, and furnished by him to the New York GENEALOGICAL 


42 Baptisms in the Westbrook Family. [Jan., 

Lena, m. Abraham Schuymer [ShymerJ. Issue : Isaak, Dec. lo, 
1749; Marie, Jan. 24, 1751; Jacob, Feb. 23, 1752; Hester, Nov. it, 
1753; Hester, Dec. 15, 1754; Mari, Nov. 26, 1756; Elizabeth, Jan. 28, 
1759; Maragrit, Dec. 21, 1760. 

Joseph, m. Lisabeth Kuyckendall. Issue: Annetje, April 29, 1750; 
Dirk, Nov. 5, 1752; Levi, Dec. 9, 1753. 

Evert Rosa, m. Maria Cortregt [Marya Kortrecht]. Issue : Antje, 
March 8, 1761 ; Arie, Feb. 25, 1753 ; Jacobus, Feb. n, 1758. 

Abrani, m. Maria Helm. Issue: Michel, May 31, 1752; Martinus, 
March 24, 1754; Johanna, Oct. 19, 1755. 

Abram Dirke, ni. Blandina Rosenkranz. Issue: Jenneke, Dec. 31, 
1752; Dirk, Aug. 18, 1754; Jacobus, July 4, 1756; Leonard, Jan. 28, 
1759: Cobus, April 20, 1760; Sara, March 21, 1762; Greetje, Feb. 12, 
1764'; Coria, Dec. 23, 1765; Therk, b. Aug. 19, 1768; Femmetje, April 

29, 1772. 

Johannes Corn, m. Maria Westbroeck. Issue : Jenneke, Jan. 28, 
1753 ; Jenneke, April 20, 1755 ; Seletje, June 19, 1757. 

Sara, m. Jacobus Gonsales. Issue: Manuel, Marcii 24, 1754. 

Cornelis, Jr., m. Lisabeth Kittel. Issue: Rachel, June 22, 1754; 
Sussana, June 19, i757 ; Rusje, Jan. 28, 1759. 

Alida, m. . Issue : Heyltie, Jan. 28, 1759. 

Joseph, m. Debora Krom. Issue: Cornelia, Jan. 28, 1759; Derik, 
July 6, 1760; Maria, June 5, 1763. 

Antony, m. Susanna Kittel. Issue: Maria, Aug. 19, i759- 

Jenneke, m. Martinus Dekker, Issue: Petrus, June 29, 1760; Jo- 
hannis, April 14, 1765. 

Tjerk van Keuren, m. Maria Helm. Issue: Abram, May 3, 1761 ; 
Janneke, Nov. 26, 1762 ; Maria, April 27, 1765 ; Sarah, June 28, 1767. 

Petrus, m. Lydia Vredenburg. Issue: Cornehus, Sept. 13, 1761; 
Sarah, July 19, 1763; Blandina, Aug. 18, 1765; Benjamin, b. July 5, 
1771 ; Lydia, b. Aug. 28, 1780. 

Annatje, m. Gisbert van Gorden, Jr. Issue : Samuel, Feb. 21, 1762 ; 
Helmus, Nov. 25, 1764 ; Catharina, Feb. 10, 1773. 

Antony, ni. Sarah Dekker. Issue: Johannis, Jan. 8, 1764; Alex- 
ander, May 28, 1766; Elizabeth, b. Oct. 16, 1769. 

Abram, m Agrietje H. Issue: Hendrick, March 25, 1764 (two 
years old); Janneke, March 25, 1764; Sarah, Oct. 28, 1765 ; Maria, May 
28, 1767. 

Janneke, m. Charles Baseter. Issue: Elisabeth, March 25, 1764; 
Maria, May 29, 1766 ; John, b. Feb. 5, 1768. 

Lea, m. Wilhelmus Cole (Kool). Issue : Josias, Nov. 25, 1764; Cor- 
nelius Westbrook, Feb. 7, 1767 ; Maria, Oct. 16, 1772. 

Lydia, m. Daniel Van Etten. Issue: Ferdenandu?, Apr. 27, 1765. 

Benjamin, m. Elizabeth Westbrook. Issue : Lena, b. Feb. 20, x8ii ; 
Catherine, b. Jan. 28, 1815. 

Jacob, m. Elizabeth Chimer [Shinier]. Issue : Ledy, b. Dec. 10, i8to; 
Blandina, b. Dec. 2, 1808. 

Benjamin, m. Lena Annes [Ennis]. Issue: Ledia, b. Dec. 22,1790; 
Elizabeth, b. June 20, 1793; Sarah, b. Aug. 15, 1795; Petrus, b. Sep. 

30, 1797; Lena, b, Sep. 2, 1801 ; Daniel Ennest, b. Dec. 14, 1803 ; Cor- 
nelius, b. Aug. 20, 1806; Blandina, b. Dec. 17, 1809. 

Samuel, m. Catrina Fredenburg [Vredenburgh]. Issue : Jacobus, b. 

1 88 7- J Baptisms in the Westbrook Family. a^ 

Jan 6; bp. Feb. 15, 1767; Daniel, b. August 20, 1771; Josua, b. 
Mch. 23; June 14, 1775 ; Wilhelmus, Aug. 24, 1777 ; Petrus, b. Jan. 4, 

Johannis J., Jr., m. Engeltje Davis. Issue: Benjamin, b. Nov. 12, 
1768; Heyltje, Feb. 9, 1773 ; Afaria, Oct. 29, 1780; Benjamin, Sep. 6, 

Maria, ni. Jacob Cuddeback. Issue: Neyltje, b. May 29, 1769, 

Elizabeth, m. J. Rutson. Issue: Blandina, July 27, 1769. 

Johannis D., m. Fydia Hornbeck. Issue : Catrina, b. July 15, 1769 ; 
Lena, b. Aug. 18, 1771 ; Maria, Feb. 10, 1773. 

Antje, m. Daniel Cortregt. I'^sue : Gideon, b. Oct. 21, 1770; Jan- 
neke, Sep. 6, 1785 ; Solomon, Apr. 20, 1784. 

Antje, m. Abraham Westfael. Issue : Daniel, Oct. 17, 1773; Catrina, 
Nov. 25, 1776; Benjamin, Nov. i, 1780; Salomon, b. Jan. 23, 1786; 
Ledia, b. Sep. t8, bp. Oct. 12, 1788 ; Altie, b. Sep. 13, 1791. 

Johanna, m. Daniel Van Gorden [Garden]. Issue : Maria, Oct. 17, 
1773; Elsje, June 14, 1775; Lena, June i, 1777; Martynus, b. Nov. 5, 

Martinus, m. Grietje Low. Issue: Maria, Nov. 16, 1774; Abraham, 
Aug. 24, 1777. 

Jenneke, m. James Wells, jun. Issue : Abraham, Nov. 16, 1774. 

Johannes Ja., m. Hester Schembers [Chambers]. Issue : Jacoeb, Sep. 
I, 1775 ; Abraham, Jan 24, 1778 ; Abraham, Nov. i, 1780. 

Ragel, m. Jarmeah Vannaken. Issue : Cornelis, Nov. 25, 1776. 

Janneke, m. Andres Dingman. Issue : Cornelua, Nov. 25, 1776. 

Samuel, m. Maria Van Nake. Issue : Benjamin, June i, 1777. 

Lena, m. Cornelius Van Inwegen. Issue : Gradus, June i, 1777 ; 
John, Aug. 18, 1780 ; Jacob, b. Aug. 4, 1784. 

Sarah, m. Asa Otley. Issue : Samuel, Oct. 29, 1780; Antie, Nov. 27, 

Fametje, m. Levi Van Etten. Issue : Jacob, Oct. 29, 17S0 ; Solomon, 
Aug. 18, 1780. 

Lena [Magdalena], m. Solomon Lane. Issue : Bothia, Nov. i, 1780 ; 
Elisabeth, Aug. 16, 1782; Melesen, b. Oct. 26, 1785; Fanny, b. Nov. 

IS, 1787. 

Elisabeth, m. Hagge Skinner. Issue: Hagge, Aug. iS, 1780; Mag- 
dalena, Aug. 18, 1780. 

Arie [Aaron], m. Marya D. W. Cortreght. Issue: Jacobus, Aug. 16, 
1782 ; Emy, b. June 15, 1785 ; Alexander, b. Apr. 16, 1788. 

Marie, m. Salomon Cuykendael . Issue: Cathrina, Jan. 22,1783; 
Famety, b. Aug. 13, 1784. 

Cornelius, m. Mary Westbrook. Issue : Blandina, May 5, 1785. 

Antje, m. Cornelius Dewitt. Issue: Maria, b. Apr. 18, 1781 ; Hester, 
b. Sep. 26, 1785; Elisabeth, b. Sep. 6, 1788; Cornelius, b. Mch. 29, 

Lydia, m. John English. Issue: Lev)', b. Aug. 23, 1784. 

Wilhelmus, m. Alchie Westbrook. Issue: Joseph, b. May 30, 1785; 
Hester, b. March t6, 1787 ; Catherine, b. June xi, 1789. 

Cornelia, m. Cornelius Kettle. Issue: Rachel, b. July 14, 1785; 
Chally, b. Feb. 8, 1787; Salomon, b. Feb. 9, 1791; Margery, May 24, 
1789; Lea, b. May 27, 1794. 

Salomon, m. Maragriet Dewitt. Issue: Jacob, b. Jan. t^<^, 1786; 

A A Baptisms in the Westbrook Family. [Jan., 

Joannes, b. Jan. 9, 1789; Salomon, b. April 5, 1793; Severyne, b. Feb. 
25, 1804. 

Seferyn (Soveryn), m. Blandina Westbrook. Issue : Jenneca, b. Nov. 8, 
1786 ; Jacob, b. Aug. 3, 1788 ; Ledia, b. Dec. 5, 1790 ; Peter, b, Oct. 26, 
1792 ; Joseph, b. Jan. 18, 1795 ; Margaret, b. March 28, 1801 ; Hester, b. 
March 17, 1805 ; Cathrina, b. July 31, 1807. 

Jacobus, m. Geertie Brinck. Issue: Samuel, b. Dec. 10, 1786; 
Cattrina, b. May 9, 1788 ; Elisabeth, b. Aug. 5, 1790. 

Maria, m. Daniel W. V; =ilall. Issue: Cherk, b. Dec. 10, 1787; 
Benjamin, b. May 25, 1789 ; Abraham Westbrook, b. Dec. 8, 1790 ; Sarah, 
b. March 11, 1793 ; Janneca, b. Feb. 4, i795 ; Cornelius, b. Oct. 7, 1797 ; 
Jany, b. Jan. 11, 1803 ; Jacobus, b. March 26, i799- 

Ledia, m. Ezechiel Williams. Issue : Lea, b. May 20, 1788. 
Cornelius D., m. Maria Westbrook. Issue : Blandina, b. Dec. 31 
1784; Ledia, b. Aug. 4, 1791 ; Petrus, b. May 2, 1794. 

Abraham, m. Jannetie (Jane) Van Aken (Auken). Issue : Maria, b. 
Feb. 13, 1790; Cattrina, b. Oct. 13, 1794; Sarah, b. June 14, 1798; 
Solomon, b. Dec. 28, 1800; Wilhelmus, b. Dec. 18, 1804. 

Dinah (Blandina), m. Isaiah Van Netten. Issue: Maria, b. Sep. 17, 
1808 ; Henry, b. Jan. 13, 181 1 ; Peter Westbrook, b. Feb. 14, 1814. 
Kesia, m. Henry Davenport. Issue : Jacobus, b. Sep. 26, 1790. 
Leonard, m. Margaret Brinck. Issue : Chark, b. June 22, 1789. 
Richard, m. Anny Hover. Issue: Sarah, b. Oct. 28, 1789. 
Peggy, m. William Howke. Issue : Blandina, b. Feb. 11, 1790, 
Lina, m. John Nyce. Issue: John Westbrook, b. July 6, 1795. 
JacolD, m. Jenny (Jane) Decker. Issue: Maria, b. April 17, 1797; 
Sally, b. March 21, 1801 ; Abraham, b, Aug. 6, 1805 ; Solomon, b. Sept. 
I, 1807 ; Esther, b. Jan. 13, 1798. 

Josephat, m. Elizabeth Cortreght. Issue: Dedion, b. Nov., 1797; 
Fannetje. b. Aug. 25, 1799; Susannah, b. Nov. 24, 1802; Simeon, b. 
July II, 1803; Lydia Cortreght, b. Aug. 12, 1806; Jannita, b. March 12, 

Abraham M., m. Anna Buckley. Issue: Mariah, b. Jan. 19, 1800; 
Martin, b. Aug. 19, 1801 ; Hugh, b. March 26, 1804; Ruben Buckley, b. 
March 26, 1805 ; Eliza Haggerty, b. Aug. 29, 1806. 

Maria, m. Daniel W. Dingman. Issue : Martinus Westbrook, b. 
March 18, 1801 ; Andiies, b. Dec. 25, 1803. 

Abraham I., m. Phebe Ennis. Issue: John, July 21, 1807; Hester 
Hoornbeck, b. Ai^iil 4, 1809. 

George, m. Altie Cortright. Issue : Mehaly, b. Sept. 7, 1805 ; Joanny, 
b. June II, 1807 ; Cornelius, b. April 22, i8ro ; Julian, b. Feb. 25, 181 ij 
Samuel Cortright, b. Oct. 27, 1813. 

Job, also Joseph, m. Sarah Ennis. Issue : Wilhelmus, b. Nov. 6, 1807 ; 
Hester, b. Oct. 18, 1809 ; Lydia Ennes, b, Sep. 20, 1814. 

Nehemiah, m. Blandina Kittle. Issue : Simeon Kittle, b. Aug. i, 1810. ■ 
Josephus, m. Margriet Middag. Issue : Naomi Decker, b. Dec. 26, 


Antoni, m, Aaltje Van Nette. Issue: Gideon, July 4, 1733; An- 
toni. May 19, 1736, K. 

Sara, m. Cornelius Van Aken. Issue: Jacobus, May 26, 1735; 
Sara, May 4, 1737, K, 

1887.] Notes and Queries . 4 c 


The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society held its usual semi- 
monthly meetings during the autumn. Nothing of special importance, beyond the usual 
routine business, occurred until the meeting of November 26th, when Mr. Charles B. 
Moore read an exceedmgly interesting and valuable paper on " The Laws of 1683 ; Old 
Records and Old Politics." 

The thanks of the Society were extended to Mr. Moore, and a copy of the paper 
was requested for publication in the Record. 

At the same meeting Mr. E. DeV. Vermont, of Tivoli, N. Y. , Mr. Theodore M. 
Banta, of Brooklyn, and Mr. Theophylact B. Bleecker, of New York, were elected resi- 
dent members of the Society. 

Mr. Oliver E. Coles, owing to contemplated absence from the city, resigned his posi- 
tion as Secretary in June last, and Mr. Thomas G. Evans was appointed Secretary in his 
stead by the Board of Trustees. 

At the regular meeting of the Society, held on Friday, December loth, after the usual 
routine business, Mr. James R. Gibson, Jr., and Mr. Charles Kellogg were elected 
resident members, and the resignation of Dr. Edwards Hall was accepted. Dr. Purple 
announced the receipt of a letter from Mr. John J. Latting, who is now travelling abroad 
for his health, in which Mr. Latting sent his greetings to the Society. On motion of 
Mr. DeLancey, the President and Secretary were instructed to send to Mr. Latting, in 
the name of the Society, a letter of congratulation and best wishes for the recovery of 
his health. 

Mr. John J. Latting and Mr. Thomas H. Edsall, owing to ill-health, have resigned 
from the Board of Trustees, and Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt and General J. Meredith 
Reed have been appointed to till their respective unexpired terms. 

The library has received many valuable accessions during the last few months, and 
needs only increased shelf-room to add to its usefulness. 

Mr. Theodore M. Banta, 144 St. James' Place, Brooklyn, is contemplating the prep- 
aration of a genealogy of the descendants of Epke Jacob Banta, a farmer from Holland, 
who came in the ship De Trouw from Amsterdam, in 1656, and settled in the neighbor- 
hood of Hackensack, N. J. 

I AM preparing for publication an account of some of the descendants of William and 
Dorothy Kinge, who settted in Salem, Mass., in 1635-36 (Record, vol. xiv., p. 50). 

I shall be greatly obliged for any information relating to the parentage and ancestry of 
the following persons who n.arried Kings : 

1. Abigail Brown, who married William King, of Southold, L. I., July 17, 1687. 

2. Susanna Crook, his second wife, married January 21, 1717. 

3. Katharine Osborne, who married Captain John King, of Southold, August 
22, 1704. 

4. Hannah Beebe, who married David King, of Southold, in 17 15. 

5. Debor.a. Glover, his second wife. 

6. Mary Ayers, of Morris Plains, N. J., who married Frederick King, of Morris- 
town, N. J., November 23, 1762. 

7. Phebe , who married John King, Jr., of Orient, L. I.; he died about 1792, 

and mentioned "wife Phebe " in his will. RUFUS KING. 

Yonkers, N. Y. 

The Delafield ancestral place in England was said, in our article in the October Rec- 
ord (p. 246), to be Leyborn Grange, County Kent. This mistake arose from reading 
Burke's "Commoners," or •• Landed Gentry." On further information we learn that 
this'property was the home of Joseph, a younger brother of John Delafield, a sketch of 
whose career in this country has just been given. It was probably held by him on a long 
least. Their ancestral estate, or what was left of it, was originally in Buckinghamshne. 
Before coming to America the elder brother sold all that could be sold ; nothing was left 
but " The Oxon. copyhold." Of the part which was got rid of, the life-interest remained 
either because he would not or could not sell it, and this gave him a trilling annuity 

a6 Notes and Queries. [Jan., 

until his death. Early in this century, before 1810, Joseph Delafield wrote to his brother 
John, in this city, saying that some of the old family estate, near Aylesbury, Bucks, had 
come into the market, and that he had bought all that was for sale. He tells his brother 
to " rejoice with him." William hall. 

, Neiv York^ December 2, 18S6. 

Thomas Clark, of East Haddam, was mentioned in the July Record (p. 234) as one 
of the early emigrants from Connecticut to Southern New Jersey, and an inquiry was made 
as to the date of his decease and his place of burial. Inquiry is made in the October 
number (p. 279) for some clew to another emigrant from Connecticut to that part of New 
Jersey, viz., to Little Egg Harbor. The Clark family settled in Great Egg Harbor. Last 
year we learned by a letter from Mr. Herman Keyser, of Egg Harbor City, that "there 
are stones in an old grave-yard here bearing date of Thomas Clark." It is quite possible 
that the name of Riley is to be found there, but we have as yet heard nothing in reply 
to further inquiries. Doubtless the County Clerk of Ocean County would ascertain the 
facts, or mention some person living at Clark's Landing who could be induced to examine 
the old headstones there. Should the inquirer learn of such a person, he will do us a favor 
by communicating his address. \v. h. 

Information is desired by Mr. H. H. Beebe, 709 President Street, Brooklyn, as to 
the descendants of Jonathan Beebe, who, early in the eighteenth century, lived at or near 
Lyme, Conn., and at a later date in Waterbury. The old records of that town show 
that he lived there in 1748, and died in 1759. His children were Zerah, Ira, Teruiah, 
Jonathan, b. 1745; David, b. 1747; Seba, b. 1749; Silas, b. 1750; and Reuben, b. 
1755. The births of all these sons are recorded at Waterbury, but three of them, David, 
Seba, and Reuben say, in an application for pensions, that they were born at Lyme. 
What is required is to reconcile this apparent discrepancy, and to learn the precise dates 
of Jonathan Beebe's residence both at Waterbury and Lyme. Jonathan Beebe, of New 
London, who settled about the same time in the vicinity of Lyme, is believed to be a 
different person. 

Mr. Beebe has in his possession a powder-horn with this inscription : " Made at No. 
4, Oct. 14, 1757." He would be glad to know what and where No. 4 was. 

The Holcombe family held a reunion on Wednesday, August nth, at Mount Airy, 
near Lambertville, N. J., at which nearly three thousand persons were present. The 
celebration of the day began with a meeting of the Hunterdon County Historical Society, 
to which the morning was devoted ; and, after an abundant lunch, the afternoon was 
spent in the exercises of the reunion, at which Colonel F. S. Holcombe presided. This 
large family, settling in Pennsylvania and New Jersey toward the end of the seventeenth 
century, has not only multiplied in its original homes — there are between two and three 
hundred of the name in Lambertville alone — but lias spread to New York and Ohio, from 
which States representatives were present. Dr. William F. Holcombe, of New York, 
made the closing address and ended with certain " Holcombe Rhymes." A full account 
of the proceedings was given in the Lambertville Record of the same day. 

foR the Marriage Records of the Church of St. Mary le Strand, London, the Society 
is indebted to the courtesy of John V. L. Pruyn, Esq. As Mr. Greenleaf well points 
out, such records are likely to contain the names of the parents of the generation which 
made what are called the great emigrations to America. It should be borne in mind 
that these records begin the year at Lady-day, and that, in consequence, all dates be- 
tween January ist and March 25th are a year later according to the modern computa- 
tion. In two or three instances the dates are not in their proper places, but the order 
of the original records has been faithfully followed. 

Mr. A. P. C. Griffin, of the Boston Public Library, desires to call attention to the 
fact that a small number of copies of his " Bibliographical Account of the Discovery of 
the Mississippi," with a fac-simile of Louis Joliet's map of 1674, still remain at his dis- 
posal. Mr. Griffin has also in preparation a list of the j-iulDlications of historical societies 
in the United States and British America, portions of which have appeared in the Mag- 
azine of American History. 

Mrs. John Witherspoon Smith, the second daughter of Colonel William Duer, of 
whom honorable mention has been made in the Record (vol. xv., p. 94), completed ha- 
hundredth year on November 4th last. She was no obscure or unknown person, but one 
of the first ladies in the country. The register of her birth is in the family Bible, now in 
the possession of Mr. Gracie King. B. R. B. 


Notes on Books. 


The arms of Marseille of Provence, as they are given by Jouffroy d'Echavannes, are 
Gules a lyon rampant crowned or. Whether, however, the family of Marseilles men- 
tioned in the Record (vol. xvii. , pp. 55, 237) be entitled to bear them is a question to 
be decided only by its pedigree. 

The death is announced, at Brighton, of Mr. William Blake, aged ninety-one, a 
lineal descendant of Robert Blake, soldier and sailor, the rival and conqueror of Van 
Tromp, and one of the most renowned of England's admiral-. 


Thomas Butler and His Descendants, of Butler's Hill, South Berwick, 
Maine— 1674 i"C> 1886. By George H. Butler, M.D. New York. 

This work performs its avowed object of putting " in enduring form the genealogical 
records of the family ; a task which every decade renders more difficult," unless it be aided 
by such works as this, and by those interested, "to furnish the necessary data. " It does the 
part of one member not aged nor at leisure. It is printed in fine large type, which the 
aged can read, and on good thick white paper, and well bound for preservation. It gives 
us, in consecutive numbers, 1,737 names, embracing only three born before 1700. and by 
far the greater number born since 1800. * A fair apology is given for not embracing more 
biographical matter; so few reside in our State, and so many at far distances and widely 
scattered, that we must allow much force to the apology while regretting the occurrence. 
The ancestor is only traced back as being in this country, at Kittery, Me., with wife and 
child, in 1698; a teacher and selectman in 1716; aged fifty-nine in 1733, and living in 
1735. He was in a healthy country, and he and his companions have produced more de- 
scendants than we expect to trace; wliile we are strongly of opinion that persons bearing 
such a common name as Butler, Smith, Moore, etc., have occasion to trace out and keep 
a record of the members of their families much more urgent than others witli names less 
common. A New Yorker who uses the City Directory and Post-office, finding himself 
lonely in such a crowd, will not need much argument to agree with us in this opinion. 

The tradition, and acceptance of it as undoubted, that this Thomas Butler was of the 
house of Ormond, and an "armiger" with a particular coat of arms, if correct, is not 
*' impossible" to be corroborated or substantiated, but perhaps too difficult for an Ameri- 
can to pursue who has no favorable opinion of an English or Irish aristocracy. The 
records of the worshipful peers and the worship of them have preserved accounts of many 
old families, and it often happens that a pedigree producing so many as 1,736 descendants of 
one man, in this country, enables us to form some opinion about the blood and training of 
his ancestors. The biographical part is prepared for this, which is here very brief, but we 
have enough from associations and marriages and from the mere skeleton of names to ex- 
plain in part what we mean. This work shows of the Butlers many named Thomas, 
Mary, John, and James; and of other names arising from marriages many named Good- 
win, Libby, Mason, and Wentworth. Then turning to Will's " History of Ireland '' (vol. 
i., p. 26S), we findthose Christian names of the Butlers were the ancient common names of 
the Earls and Dukes of Ormond. John, the sixth earl, had a king's certificate (which, 
if true, Americans will gladly emulate) that " he was the finest gentleman in Cliristendom, 
and that if good breeding, good nature, and liberal qualities were lost in the world, they 
might all be found in John^Earl of Ormond " (^ib., p. 495). Many other names we need 
not repeat — neither for " Hudibras" or the " Analogy." 

Turning to Hotten's "List of Emigrants," we find none namel Thomas, but at least 
three, in 1635, named John Butler, aged fifty, twenty-one and thirteen ; and one Mr. James 
Butler, at Barbadoes, in 1679. And Mr. Farmer, of New Hampshire, gives us the names of 
Butlers who settled in New England, including Thomas, of Lynn, who removed to Sandwich 
in 1637. This leads us to the inference that of Thomas, Kittery, or Berwick, may have been 
born in this country, as well as abroad. After the Indian warsof 1675 to 16S9, which so dis- 
turbed Maine, drove out settlers, and destroyed records and documents (Giles "Genealogy," 
3dN. Eng. Reg., 259, 21st do., 352), there would be little chance of tracing the ancestor of 
Thomas in that region. But there would be many learned men, not very expert in fishing, 
fowling, or hunting, who, for food, would gladly teach Thomas Latin, and learn him to be 
a teacher. So w e learn modes of tracing him. And we may learn more if we read all the 
worksof the Rev. Jeremy Belknap, D.D.,born 1744, died 179S, who, while a preacher at 
Dover, N. IL, 1767 to 1786, in exciting times, officiated at the marriage of some of 

^8 ^^otes on Books. [Jan., 1887. 

the members of this Butler family. We may read, also, the memoir and correspondence 
published by his granddaughter, at New York, in 1847. And in the same line it will not be 
amiss to read some of the works of the Rev. Jeremy Taylor, D.D. (" Ductor Dubitan- 
tium"), born 1613, died 1667, who also lived in exciting times, and to read his memoir in 
the second volume of Will's "History and Biography of the Irish Nation " (p. 569), which 
shows that he was promoted and favored by the then Earl of Ormond (p. 594). Com- 
ing back to America, we find Samuel Butler at Southampton, on Long Island, in 1698; 
and there with other family names (see HoweU's " Southampton "). But where shall we 
stop reading ? N. 

Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. Edited by James Grant Wil- 
son and John Fxske. Vol. I., 768 pp., Svo. New York : D. Appleton & Co. 
A full account of the plan and purpose of this elaborate and useful work was given in 
the October Record. The first volume has now appeared. It contains the greater 
part of the first three letters of the alphabet. The succeeding volumes, five in number, 
are to follow as rapidly as the necessary editorial diligence and meclianical accuracy will 
permit, or at intervals of about six months. Long and careful preliminary preparation 
has been given to the volume which is now presented lo the public. Much of the mate- 
rial has been obtained from original sources ; and the list of some of the chief contribu- 
tors contains many names of scholarly and accomplished literary men, of statesmen, 
soldiers, and jurists. Great pains have been taken to insure accuracy and completeness. 
A very commendable feature (from the genealogist's point of view) is the grouping 
together of fathers and sons under one general heading. \\\ the case of families which, 
like Adams, Johnson, Robinson, and Seabury, have produced well-known and even 
distinguished men in successive generations, this arrangement is a great help to the stu- 
dent of genealogy. An equally commendable feature is found in the brief bibliographies 
which are added to the more important articles. The value of this truly national work 
is greatly enhanced by about fifteen hundred admirable portraits, accompanied by auto- 
graph fac-similes. B. 

English Worthies. Edited by Andrew Lang. Shaftesbury, by H. D. Traill ; 
Raleigh, by Edmund Gosse ; Admiral Blake, by David Hannay. 3 vols. 
i2mo. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1886. 

These comely volumes are the beginning of a new series of lives of Englishmen of dis- 
tinction in the various walks of life. The value of such brief sketclies, whether of histori- 
cal events or of historical characters, was learned from the successive publications which 
began in Macmillan's " Epochs of History." Competent writers are carefully selected, 
whose aim is to lay before their reader?, in small compass, the results of the most recent 
investigations, and to make their work useful both to educated men and to beginners. The 
former may revise and correct their knowledge, and the latter are likely to imbibe a taste 
for deeper study from such compact but interesting volumes. " The Life of Shaftesbury," 
discussing the history of the reign of Charles H., and the mixture of good and evil in the 
days of the domination of the Parliament and the Protector, would naturally arouse in 
the minds of youth a desire to knovi^ the causes and the consequences of those singular devia- 
tions from the orderly course of English history. Raleigh and Blake were heroes of 
romance. Men of great energy, loyalty, religion, courtesy, and high-breeding, such as the 
sixteenth century produced, are good examples for the present age. The writers of these 
volumes have adopted the excellent modern fashion of giving a brief bibliography of their 
subjects. Mr. Hannay might have added " The Lives of the Admirals," by Dr. J. Camp- 
bell (4 vols. Svo., London. 1785) ; a work, however, which is perhaps rather commend- 
able for the charms of its style than for its historic accuracy. 

Woodstock : An Historical Sketch. By Clarence Winthrop Bowne, Ph. D. Svo. 
New York. 1886. 
This address, delivered at the celebration of the completion of the second century of 
the settlement of Woodstock, Conn., is given to the public as a foretaste of a History of 
Woodstock which the author hopes to publish in the course of another year. If clearness 
of thought and expression, carefulness in research, and diligence and judgment in arrang- 
ing his materials be the qualifications of a historian, Mr. Bowne has given us reason to 
think that his work will be well done. In the present sketch he has condensed a great 
deal of information in a small space. He has also added an index — that help to students 
which even a little book ought not to be without. 


^cncakgrcal anb ^iograpljical |ltc0rk 

Vol. XVIII. NEW YORK, APRIL, 1S87. No. 2. 


By Charles B. Moore. 

Magxa Charta became for England a great bulwark of private rights 
and personal freedom. It was accordingly greatly prized by the people. 
It protected them from despotism. The despots acknowledged no rights. 
To the strong, they granted or sold privileges. They sacrificed the weak ; 
and while claiming to be invested with all rights, got careless of privileges, 
and lessened their value. 

The English and Irish chiefs often sought popular favor by imitating 
Magna Charta or some parts of it. In Ireland it had a very imperfect suc- 
cess. That island was too wild and distant for any law or charter to con- 
trol the chiefs. 

In this country, under the claim that the king had absolute owner- 
ship of land and water and of rights, and unlimited power, it was much 
needed, with tribunals to enforce it. King's officers were despotic and far 
from any control of their pride or selfishness. Petitions of the people 
for a representative government were sent to England from many parts 
of the country, one from Jamaica in 1674 [Jl/ass. Co/., 24, 25). 

A Legislative Assembly of the Province of New York was chosen upon 
short notice in 1683, soon after the arrival of Thomas Dongan as Governor 
of the Province under James, Duke of York, as proprietor (and a very dis- 
tant, despotic, and selfish ruler). It passed an act which, as a professed Magna 
Charta, at the same time imposing duties on imports, became a subject 
for partisan attack and defence. It has not been well described for our 
benefit. The description by our former Honorary INIember, Mr. Brod- 
head, in his History of New York, elaborated with great industry and 
patience, may be conceded to be one of the best, and his references to 
authorities one of the most valuable (4 -V- Y- G. and B. Rec, 159). His 
journey abroad and Large collection of documents gave him decided ad- 
vantages. But he did not know the whole, nor was he a final judge. 
The controversy is one which may never be extinct (86 Lit. Liv. Age, 


His ancestor, Captain Daniel Brodhead, came over as an army officer, 
a stanch royalist, with Colonel Richard NicoUs, the favorite of Duke James. 
He was not in fault for the seizure of New York by the English without 

CO Laws of 16S3 — Old Records and Old Politics. [April, 

declaring war. His descendants mixing with the Dutch were generally 
adherenfs of a particular class of opinions and grew up in the woods 
above the Highlands, knowing little of the English on Long Island. 
We can make due allowance for his or his colonel's bias, if any, ordefects 
of information, and may do so according to our own bias, if any {\ N. V. 
G. and B. Rec, 159). Doubtless we or any one may have some bias or 

There were certainly deep prejudices between Dutch and English (10 
G. and B. Rec, 15 ; 4 do., 134). They were both seeking eminence on 
the sea. About 1669, the officers of the newly chartered City of New 
York calling themselves "for the most part Dutch born," reciting prom- 
ises by treaty, petitioned for free trade with Holland^ saying commodities 
for the Indian trade could not be so well made in England (an offensive 
suggestion, though not so intended) and expressing a willingness to pay 
duties, as if the freight ships touched in England or landed cargoes there. 
In 1673, after this was not granted (which hurt Holland), New York 
was recaptured by the Dutch. In 1674, it was surrendered back by treaty 
without any conquest of the Dutch, but no representative government was 
allowed, and there was no recognition of private rights, and no safe courts 
nor safe laws to protect private rights. 

It was an outrage to treat New York as captured by the English. 
London came nearer being captured by the Dutch, Colonel Richard 
Nicolls and others were killed in battle, and Dutch ships were on the 
Thames. The House of Commons refusing taxes, compelled the peace. 
But James had a new patent as for conquered territory, and set up Andros 
as his Deputy Governor at New York. 

In April, 1675, Duke James said his Governor Andros had done wise 
to discourage any notions of General Assemblies (3 N. Y. Doc. Hist., 
230). In 1680, the English Parliament passed a bill to deprive him of 
the succession. Parliament was dissolved and the bill defeated or vetoed. 
James, after this, thought much of the veto power. On the 8th of May, 
1682, the Duke arrived at Edinburgh after being wrecked with Pepys (4 
Pepys, 225), having been deprived of offices and almost driven out of 
England. The first hint of a willingness to bargain for a representative 
government here is dated nth of February, 1682-3, while he was in 
Scotland (3 N. Y. Cul. Doc, 317). 

Reading English history of this period, such as Sir William Temple's 
works, Hallam's Constituiional History, the proceedings against Duke 
James, the Papist plot and the Protestant plot, the breaking down of 
Tangier, where Colonel Dongan was a military officer and governor, and 
the destruction of its "brave mole" planned by Sir Jonas Moore, and 
built at great expense by Cholmondel}', some of us may believe that Duke 
James was compelled by the then Government of Charles II., by the fail- 
ures to escape from Magna Charta or the Petition of Rights, or by public 
policy, to allow a representative government to the New York colony 
similar to the English House of Commons, but expected to be more 
easily controlled. He acquiesced without attempting rashly to pursue his 
private rule in this distant place when very hazardous. He even thought 
of allowing to New Yorkers free fishing (136^. and B. Rec. 189), but he 
designed to recover power. At an)' rate James, after the passage of laws 
in England excluding all papists from office (in order to reach him), was 
courting popularity to aid his obtaining possession of the crown in oppo- 

1887.] Laws of 1683 — Old Records and Old Politics. cj 

sition to Monmouth and Shaftesbury. His attempts to collect duties in 
New York had been defeated, and it is now generally agreed that the re- 
fusal to pay duties in New York led to its representative government (3 
N. Y. Doc. Hist., 289). John West is reported a son-in-law of Thomas 
Rudyard, and as clerU, in place of Mr. Nicoll, was an active opponent of 
such duties, and John Youngs as High Sheriff supporting him, petitioned 
the Duke for a representative assembly (2 Brad. Hist., 353). 

Ireland and Scotland both had their own legislative bodies. James 
was planning to defeat his English opponents by the aid of his Irish and 
Scotch adherents, and on 30th of September, 1682, Colonel Dongan, then 
at Tangier, was appointed to be Governor of New York. 

The brother of Colonel Dongan was Baron Dongan in Ireland, and 
Earl of Limerick, a relative of Colonel Richard Talbot, Earl of Tyrcon- 
nell. The Colonel. Thomas, after the death of his brother. Earl Wil- 
liam, and nephew. Lord Walter, became Earl in 1708, some years before 
his death ; and we know that James, supported by the Hydes, his father- 
in-law's family, and their friends (and reducing members by destroying 
corporations), was so successful as to have a majority of office-seekers and 
of voters in his favor on the first general election in England after he was 
king. Yet he could not have a safe or sound majority when so many 
were hostile and so little confidence was placed in him. 

His brother-in-law, Henry Hyde, the second Lord Clarendon, gives 
us many particulars in Ireland while he was Lord Lieutenant under 
James, until superseded by Tyrconnell (see 2 Wills' Hist. 0/ Ireland, p, 
395, and the Clarendon Papers.) 

Mr. Brodhead, in volume 2 of his History, page 373, reports the in- 
structions given to Dongan, by which laws passed by the New York 
Assembly, and assented to by the governor, with the advice of his 
council, were to be confirmed or rejected by the Duke (he promising very 
cautiously about confirming them), yet were to be " good and binding until 
he should signify to the Governor his disapproval ; then to cease and be null 
and void." "No custom or impost was to be levied until established 
by law," to be enacted, etc. One defect of this cunning plan was that 
there was no limit of time for his disapproval. When he found a law in 
his way he would destroy it. . . . It has been siid there was a limit 
of two years ; we have not found it. 

Governor Dongan reached New York on 25th August, 1683 (2 
Brodhead' s Hist., p. 375). He had lost his pay and been deceived and 
ill-used on leaving France, where he had served as a military officer until 
ordered by the House of Commons to be withdrawn, and we think, when 
promoted and favored by James, he was quite willing to dissent from the 
French plans of enlarging Canada eastwardly, and to dissent also from 
Jesuitical fashions of stirring up Indian wars against exposed Englishmen 
(including Irishmen and Scotchmen like McGregory, friendly to James, 
and over whom James was powerful). At any rate, he was willing to make 
Duke James popular if he could, and to help him secure the crown. 

The method was by means (ist) of a House of Representatives, and 
(2d) by a Magna Charta, or Bill of Rights. 

France had expelled James in Cromwell's time. He had flourished 
in Spain, and the English were at this period holding back France and 
favoring Spain. 

The New York Assembly prayed for was called to meet on 17th Oc- 

C2 Laivs 0/1683 — ^^^^ Records and Old Politics. [April, 

tober, 1683 (p. 381). The sheriffs returned thanks. Who were its 
members? No one ventures to tell us their names. They doubtless be- 
came unpopular with the Royalist party, and with those who suffered loss. 
Eighteen (by report) were elected. ''A majority" (Mr. Brodhead 
copies) "were of the Dutch nation." This we venture to doubt. The 
Dutch were quiescent and had not a majority in so many places. They 
had been under ban and were pushed aside. It was common to attribute 
to the Dutch acts that were unpopular with the English. Long Island 
itself had half of the inhabitants of the province, and had at least six 
members of the assembly. New York city, including Harlem, then a 
separate place, had not more than four members, and perhaps only two 
were from the city. If the city majority was Dutch, it had at least one 
English member. He says (p. 382): ^^ As the journals of Dongan's first 
assembly have not bee7i found the names of all its mejnbers are unknown.^' 
This is not quite correct, but no doubt the journals, if any, are missing. 
We are not sure that there were any, or any proper clerk. It would have 
been safer to say the names of some or of many of the members are now 

Some of the town records are well preserved. The election was by 
ridings, afterwards by counties. Sheriffs appointed by the governor were 
to manage it, English fashion. By short and sudden notices and covert 
plans, they could often have their friends elected. The nominations and 
elections were then novel things for New York Colony. Records are 
now scarce. There was no legal place or rule for their preservation. 
The sheriff appointed the time and place of voting and presided (but at 
only one place in a riding), and doubtless made return to the house, or 
to the governor, of the persons elected. 

At Southold, on one branch of the east end of Long Island on the 24th 
of September, Mr. Thomas Moore, senior, Mr. Thomas Mapes, senior, 
John Conkling, senior, and Stephen Bayley (all well in years, and all 
friends of the clergyman, Joshua Hobart, their preacher),* were chosen 
as a committee for that town to select two members of assembly called 
deputies. At the same time Mr. Josiah Hobart (the brother of Rev. 
Joshua Hobart, the second clergyman of Southold) and Mr. Isaac Arnold 
(soon after a colonel) were chosen to draw up instructions for the 
deputies (as appears by Town Records). These two men (Josiah Hobart 
and Isaac Arnold) became prominent politicians and public men, though 
not much noted before this. \ 

East Hampton, on the other branch of Long Island, chose Thomas 
Talmage, John Wheeler (known at New London, and in Southampton, 
probably stepson of Josiah Hobart, who had married a Widow Wheeler of 
New London), Samuel INIulford (afterward a member of assembly), and 

* A nephew of T. Moore, Sen., had married into the Hobart family (vol. 15 of 
Rec, p. 59), and he had favored ihe employment of Rev. Joshua at Southold. J. 
Conkling, Sen., was the second of his name, and born at Northampton Co., Eng., in 
1630-31 ; he by his will in 16S9-90, gave £\c to Rev. Mr. Hobart. S. Bailey had 
been a partner of the son of T. Topping, memb. of the Govrs. Council in 1665. 

f Arnold, called Arundel, was probably the man who sent the report to Boston of 
the capture of New York by the Dutch in 1673 (3 Doc. N. Y., 199). A letter from 
Daniel \Vetherell, dated New London, 25th June, 1682, about seizures of vessels, 
named Arnold as losing one, and named also Captain Hubbard (Hobart), and has been 
published, but we are not sure of its verity. 

l-j.] Laws of 1683 — Old Records afid Old Politics. 


Stephen Hand, "to join Southold in selecting representatives for the 
riding, to attend at York according to order" {Town Records). 

No doubt two representatives were chosen for this East Riding, and 
attended, and neither of those two were Dutch. One probably was Cap- 
tain Josiah Hobart, who settled at East Hampton in 1677, ^^'^s assessed 
there in 1683, and was appointed sheriff in 1685. At any rate, he was to 
write instructions, and his numerous brothers (six who were clergymen) 
may be fairly suspected of aiding him or favoring him. 

The first clergyman of Southold, the Rev. John Youngs, was dead, so 
was the first lawyer, Wm. Wells. Two sons of Mr. Youngs (Colonel 
John and Thomas) were active. The oldest was sheriff, and became a 
member of the Governor's Council (but was soon out of favor), and the 
second was appointed pilot of the port of New York, and settled at Oys- 
ter liay. In page 104 of Mr. Riker's Annals of Neivioivn, it is stated that 
the freeholders met on October ist, and appointed Captain Richard Belts, 
Samuel Moore, Robert Blackwell, and Jonathan Hazard to go to Graves- 
end the next day, and unite with committees of the several towns of the 
riding in the choice of delegates to the assembly. (The appendix pre- 
serves names of town officers and church officers, but not of members 
of assembly. ) 

Newtown it seems was in the West Riding, which included modern 
Kings County and Staten Island ; Gravesend was its place for holding 
courts, and for the meeting of delegates and the election. Afterwards by 
the law passed at the first session, Newtown was attached to Queens, and 
then the county place of meeting was changed. 

That West Riding probably chose two members ; perhaps one was 
from Staten Island. 

Mr. Palmer, the lawyer from Staten Island, was sheriff (appointed, 
September 15, 1683), and became a member of the Governor's Council 
in 1684. We infer that the English rule was supposed to be binding, by 
which a man holding the office of sheriff must not be elected a repre- 
sentative. The sheriff had great power in the conduct of elections, and 
often controlled them. He was not permitted to manage his own elec- 
tion in England. {Stat. 46th Ed., 3; i Bk. Com., 149, 160, 175; 
6 Foss's Judges, 123.) Mr. Stilwell, an Englishman, we think, was 
chosen one of the members for this riding. 

The North Riding was the middle one, covering much of modern 
Queens County, and perhaps also Huntington, then of the parish of Hemp- 
stead, afterwards in Suffolk County. 

Captain Underbill had been sheriff of the North Riding, but was de- 
ceased. No Dutchman we think was chosen from that riding. Mat- 
thias NicoU purchased a country place at Manhasset (where he afterwards 
died). His son William, born in 1657, had been educated as a lawyer 
in England, acted awhile as soldier, and had recently returned, being then 
about twenty-six years of age, and probably then or soon resided a part 
of the time at Manhasset, He svas appointed Clerk of Queens County in 
1683. Those appointed clerks and sheriffs — the first county officers — 
afterwards, i. e., after the ridings were ended and counties established, 
may have taken part in the first elections. 

William Nicoll, son of Matthias, was acting with John Seaman, the 
leading man for Hempstead in 1682 and 1683, and we suppose acted 
with him in selecting representatives (11 G. atid B. Rec, 154)- One 

CA Laws of 1683 — Old Records and Old Politics. [April, 

of them would probably be chosen a member of the assembly (see 1 1 
N. Y. G. and B. Rec, 154). Wm. Nicoll, for that period, was too 
young, and perhaps too little known. 

Mr. Henry Onderdonk tells us (from records) of Mr. Seaman's at- 
tending at New York ; Seaman was probably a member. The cautious 
statement made respecung the then Lieutenant (afterwards Colonel) 
John Jackson, who married Seaman's daughter, and afterwards was re- 
peatedly a member of assembly, was that on the 24th September, 1683. 
he was chosen with Seaman and others to attend the Governor. The civil 
list tells us that Matthias Nicoll (father of William) was Speaker of the 
House (p. 36, his signature as Speaker appears on the statutes) ; 
but it tells us no other names, saying (p. 28), ''the records being lost, the 
nam's 0/ the members cannot be given.'' 

Where was he elected } Mr. Brodhead says in New York city, but he 
does not tell how he knew that Mr. Nicoll was chosen in the city without 
knowing the other names from New York. Doubtless he had some 

Mr. John Lawrence was mayor, and James Graham became re- 
corder. "Matthias Nicoll was well known, having been secretary of the 
province and a member of the Governor's Council, and certainly may 
have been elected in New York, aided by Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Graham, 
Mr. Van Corllandt, and others in power and in favor. 

We have not explored the city records, nor ventured into Westchester 
County or northward in search of records. 

Genealogical accounts claim that Thomas Hunt was a member of this 
assembly, perhaps from Rye. The Hunt family is the only one we 
have noticed which boldly ventures to claim the honor. We can read 
much of their early historv [BoltoJt's Westchester, 2 ed., vol. 2, p. 444 5 
Will in 1694, N. Y., Raird's Rye, p. 478, 15 N. V. G. and R. Rec, 68). 

Mr. Riker, in his very elaborate and thorough history of Harlem in 
its early stage, says the General Assembly was in session within the walls 
of Fort James when forming the Charter of Liberties for the province 
(page 434), and he mentions Thomas Hunt, senior and junior, on pages 
431 and 433, as witnesses on a trial before the governor on 3d to 6th Oc- 
tober (opposing Morris treated as a Cromwellian). What became of the 
records .'' 

Judge William Smith in his history, first published at London, in 1757, 
states that the acts of this old New York Assembly "are for the most 
part, rotten, defaced, or lost." He was not here in 1683, but came much 
later. As a well-read lawyer and a judge he ought to know about them. 
This applies to both father and son. {G. and R. Rec, vol. 11, p. 98.) 

The assembly had two sessions, one in October, 1683, and one in 
October, 1684. 

Mr. Spragg, who, by report, married a daughter of the Lawyer Rud- 
yard, was or acted as clerk at the first session, and Mr. Hammond at the 
second. Perhaps we might infer that Mr. Spragg did not attend to 
clerk's duties, and make copies, or not satisfactorily. He signed as 
governor's secretary in June, 1684 (i G. attd R. Rec, p. 20). 

But we are no better off in respect to the second session ; no records 
appear in print, and only one is described, being an act abolishing or 
discontinuing the old Court of Assize (i Thompso7i's L. I., 143). 

A court of Oyer and Terminer, as it was called by Colonel Dongan and 

1887.] Laws of 1681 — Old Records and Old Politics. re 

Others, was held at Southampton, L. I., on 12th November, 1684, and 
wills proved, of course, under the new law. John Spragg was appointed 
Master of the Rolls, in December, 1684. He went to England in 1686 or 
1687, where Sir Edward Spragg, not traced in England, perhaps a rela- 
tive, became admiral {2d Campbell's Naval History, p. 337; 4 Pepys, 45, 
84, 178, etc). 

He (J. S. ) and Colonel Dongan had to be strongly ordered by the new 
king on 3d and loth June, 1686 (3 Doc. N. Y. Col. Hist., 575, 576) to 
send regular copies and reports. Then, away he went, and Colonel Don- 
gan says he took the minutes of the council to England. His special 
business was to defend Dongan from the charges urged by Santen, the 
treasurer, and Mr. Palmer went to defend him about the French ; having 
his name inserted in the patent for Brookhaven. 

One cause of our present difficulty was, that many of the officers or 
partisans of James, then in power, or their successors afterwards (after 
1688), refused to recognize Jacob Leisler as governor or William of 
Orange as king. Colonel Dongan and his family refused ; so did the 
second Earl of Clarendon and many supporters of James 1\. 

Recognizing no duty to hand over records to those whom they did not 
admit to be rightful successors of Dongan or of James, the office-holders 
of his class kept close in private hands all the records they had at com- 
mand. We are not bound to admit one-sided stories based on such rec- 
ords without a production of the records themselves. 

There have been placed in the care of the N. Y. G. and B. Society a 
parcel of MS. records, some of which appear to have been sent to the 
town of Oyster Bay and some (of unquestionable antiquity) have the 
appearance of veritable originals. 

Of the copies are orders from the governor and Court of Assizes from 
about 1668 to 1675, some of which were directed to be published. 
These are probably in the handwriting of a clerk (being by one penman 
and of a similar handwriting to some other records) and are certified by 
" Matthias NicoU, Sec'y," apparently in a different hand from the text; 
but the several signatures seem alike. He had been the official secretary 
of the colony, but might act by deputy. He did not hold that office in 
1683. They ought to be published, if genuine, for a clear knowledge of 
the law, and for the illustrations they afford to history. They may aid 
the "general endeavor to extend more widely, and define more clearly, 
private rights and civil liberty." We must first inquire whether they are 
authentic. The papers in our hands which may be originals are en- 
dorsed, " Laws passed in the first Assembly, 1683." 

It has been often repeated that there were fourteen or fifteen laws 
passed that year. Copies or originals are referred to as in the Secretary 
of State's office, Albany, in MSS. Mr. Thompson, in hxs History 0/ L. I., 
says so in a note (vol. i, page 162), and says some were in Kings 
County. As he came from Setauket, studied law. was a member of as- 
sembly, 1812-1816, and lived afterwards at Hempstead, practising law, 
and frequently visiting New York, receiving many communications from 
others for his second edition, he had a fair opportunity for learning 
many facts ; but he was not careful about preserving old documents and 
he had his own fashion about Revolutionary matters. 

No one gives us a complete account or copy of the old records, and 
we must search cautiously. (We knew of the finding of a book of wills 

r5 Laws of i6Sz — Old Records and Old Politics. [April, 

for Suffolk County kept by a friend of Dongan's, recently placed on 

The famous act called the Charter of Liberties and Privileges, etc., is 
described by Mr. Brodhead, pages 383 to 385, and Appendix note E, page 
659 (but he probably took his copy from 2d Revised Laws of 1813). 
The revisers confined' themselves chiefly to the official records found in 
the public offices. In the papers we now have (over two hundred years 
old), apparently genuine, and with undoubted marks of age, the ten para- 
graphs after the word "amended " on the sixth line of page 660 of Mr. 
Brodhead's print down to the words " that all wills " are entirely missing, 
being one or two complete pages of MSS., perhaps accidentally torn or 
broken off. But, reading the part printed, we doubt the accuracy of 
the printed copy. 

After the words "from time," in the seventh line from the bottom 
of page 660 of Mr. Brodhead, there appear in ours the words " to time " 
and the word " major" (magior), instead of " minor " in the last line of 
that page, and on the seventh line of page 661, which indicates mani- 
festly that our copy is more correct. 

The word " minor " has nothing like it in the text and would injure 
dissenters, but fails to make good sense ; the other was appropriate. It 
seems probably inserted in the printed copy in two places wantonly, not 
accidentally. It would suit Dongan and his party. It had a sectarian 
or partisan effect. [It is the same in Brodhead's print as in 2d Rev. 
Laws of 18 13, Appendix, page v.*] 

The "Continued Bill," not copied by Mr. Brodhead, nor in the Re- 
vised Laws, is contained at greater length in ours than we have seen it 
in print. It authorized various duties on imports, some specific but about 
two per cent, on all importations into the province ; and ten per cent, on 
what were called Indian goods, and it provides for custom-house officers, 
and for forfeiting vessels and cargoes, etc. Some leaves of this last part 
are missing, perhaps worn off, the contents of which may be found in 
the Secretary of State's office, and are referred to in Governor Dongan's 
official report. 

Custom-houses on Long Island are all now forgotten. There was a 
custom-house at Southold, at Oyster Bay, and at Canarsie, on Jamaica 
Bay, perhaps also afterward at Setauket, or at Moriches. 

The stoppage of trade, not only with foreign ports and Southern prov- 
inces, but with Connecticut, Rhode Island, and IMassachusetts, by imposing 
duties on all imports into the province, was injurious to the eastern towns 

* We have examined the MSS. in Secretary of State's office. They seem to be 
copies made by a clerk. The text is not in the same handwriting as ours. One 
peculiarity of the Magna Charta in the State office is, that the certificate of its pass- 
age by the i-epresentatives, and dated 1683, and the certificate of its approval by the 
governor and council, is dated 1684 (one seems to be 16S9?). This shows that those 
papers were not copied until 1684. On the back of some of them are marked : " For 
Mr. Spragg ; " "for enrolment." The governor's signature is more distinct than on 
ours. The certificates signed " M. Nicoll, Speaker" and by the governor, are more 
clearly in a handwriting different from the text, and the governor's signature more 
clearly genuine ; but Mr. Nicoll's is perhaps copied. 

The attempt of Dr. O'Callahan or others to make a separate act of the " Contin- 
ued Bill," calling it No. 15, we think is unfounded (3 N. Y. Doc, 355, in note). He 
was a partisan of Dongan's. Like Brodhead, he did not propose to suppress knowl- 
edge. But he did not say nor perhaps believe that " ignorance and superstition were 
the twin pillars of unequal and oppressive governments" (94 Lift. Liv. Age, 1373). 

1887.] Laws of 1683 — Old Records and Old Politics. rj 

of Long Island, which had started ships and manufactories. It drove 
Ledyard, Thomas Youngs 2d, Brinley, and others over to New London 
and Newport, or to other places. It aided New Jersey. Mr. Brodhead 
writes of this grand charter of liberties (with duties to be paid on all 
imports), saying it passed the assembly on 20th October, and being 
assented to by the governor and council on 30th October, was published 
at the Citv Hall on 31st, and by proclamation (vol. 2, page 384, citing 
minutes of N. Y. Common Council, vol. i, pp. 175, 176). 

A similar form follows as to the other acts in our MSS. There are 
various peculiarities. The date was written at the foot of the act, and the 
words "The Representatives have assented to this bill and order it to be 
sent up to the Governor and Counsell for their assent, M, Nicoll, Speaker." 
Then follows, "This bill being read three times in Counsell is assented 
unto" (giving the date) ; "Tho. Dongan." 

The next act was entitled "An act for naturalizing all those of foreign 
nations at present inhabiting within this province, and professing Chris- 
tianity, and for encouragement of others to come and settle with the 
same." Dated New York, October ye 29, 1683, assented to November 
I, 1683. [This favored the Huguenots, and was treated in England as 
insufficient to make a British subject, not having the sanction of the 
king.] (See 2 N. Y. G. and B. Rec, p. i.) But it was treated here as 
valid and sufficient. 

The third was an act for repealing the former laws about country rates 
and allowances to the Justices of the Peace, dated November ist and 
assented to November ist. [It provided, of course, for new rates, and 
how they should be imposed ; we have copies of many rate lists.] 

The fourth was an act for rewarding all those who destroyed wolves ; 
dated 31st October, assented to ist November. [Records of action under 
this are found in the towns.] 

The fifth was an act to prevent damages done by swine ; dated October 
31st, assented to ist November. [Lawsuits in the town.] 

The sixth, "an act for the allowance of ye representatives, dated 
October 31st, assented to 31st October," The "allowance" was 10s per 
day, to be paid to each by the county that sent him. To this act, at the 
end, under the governor's name, was added, "John Spragge, Clk. of the 
Assembly," in a handwriting similar to the text. 

The seventh, an "act to divide the province and dependencies into 
shires and counties;" dated November ist, assented to November ist, 
[This is copied in 2d Thompson's History of Long Lslatid, p. 319 ; and 
with much of the curious spelling the same ; but what is there printed 
"Shuter's Island," on ours is w-ritten "Shooter's Island," and several 
words are throughout spelled differently, such as " conteyn " on one 
and " containe " on the other,] 

The eighth, "an act of settlement ; " dated October 26th, assented to 
November 2d. (By this four years' possession of land under title derived 
from James was required to' bar other claims. This soon excluded any 
title, or restoration of old title, by the last capture of New York by 
the Dutch.) No true Dutchman, understanding it, would have voted for 
it ; many Dutchmen lost their lands. The treaty of peace did not save 
them, except, perhaps, in New Jersey,* 

* See 13 G. and B. Rec, 9, and Winfielcts Map. 

5 8 Laws of 1683 — Old Records and Old Politics. [April, 

The ninth, "an act to settle Courts of Justice ; " dated October 29th, 
assented to November ist. This provides a court in each town to be 
held by three commissioners on the first Monday of every month for 
small causes of 40J or under. A messenger was to execute writs (not a 
constable). A Court of Sessions, or of Oyer and Terminer, in each 
county, of large jurisdiction, civil and criminal, with a clerk and sheriff, 
and a Court of Chancery, to be held by the governor, to be supreme, etc. 
This was a very important act. (See Dongan's Report of Courts under it. 
3 Doc. N. r. Hist., 369.) 

The tenth, "act for the due regulation and proceedings" on execu- 
tions. Returns of writs and confirming the fees usually taken by officers; 
dated November ist, assented to November 2d. (This act might sanction 
the fees charged by Dongan and others of a rate per acre for granting 
patents of land. ) 

The eleventh, " an act for defraying the public and necessary charge 
of each Borough (indistinct), city, town, and county throughout this 
province, and for maintaining the poor and prosecuting vagabonds." It 
was dated October 31st, and assented to November ist. It provided for a 
rate or tax in each town once a year, etc. 

The twelfth, "an act to prevent frauds in conveyancing of lands," 
etc.; dated November 2d, assented to November 3d. This provided that 
after 20th of December next, no grants, deeds, mortgages, or other con- 
veyances for over £^0, should be of any force in law, unless recorded on 
the register of the county, within six months, being first acknowledged," 
etc. The clerk was to report deeds once a year to Secretary of State's 
office. [Under this the recording of deeds in towns slowly ceased and 
county records grew up.] 

The thirteenth, "an act to prevent wilful perjury ;" dated 29th Octo- 
ber, assented to (without date). 

Nearly all these laws are found to have been immediately acted upon, 
and this fact, if needed, may be used in proof of their genuineness. 
Together they form a scheme which we can comprehend. On the whole, 
it is safer to believe that the papers left with us are duplicates made for 
officers' use. If the clerk was defective or absent, or had no fixed office 
or known authority, the speaker and governor might well have added 
their signature to duplicates in order to verify them instead of the clerks 
giving out certified copies. It may be said the clerk was out of office 
when the assembly adjourned. It is apparent that the legal fees for 
copying, if any, were small. Poor copyists were used ; and the copyists 
of that day seem to have spelled many words to suit themselves. Certainly 
every judge and collector would need a copy at that period, and some 
also of the lawyers. The Duke's Laws, printed abroad, only came down 
to 1674. It is plain these, of which we have MSS., were never printed. 
They were passed before there was a printer. 

Bradford, the first printer, came to New York in 1693 (4 N. Y. G. and 
B. Rec, 185), and printed laws in 1698 ; seventeen or ten years later. 
That hiatus in printing accounts for much of the difficulty about laws ; 
no student could find them ; like Nero's, few could read them. 

Mr. Brodhead, on page '^%'], adds that the assembly having adjourned 
on the 4th November, the laws it had enacted were formally published 
"in front of the City Hall," and (he says) Captain (Mark)' Talbot (of 
whom we have no full account) was soon sent by Governor Dongan to 

1887.] Laws of 1683 — Old Records and Old Polilics. eg 

carry them to England for the Duke's approval. For this he cites "3 
Col. Doc, 349 " (referring to important letters at London of 26th August, 
1684, which speak of letters brought by " INIr. Talbot"), and he gives as 
his modern authority the sixth volume of the Historical Magazine (Daw- 
son's) published in 1862, page 235, which last is not satisfactory. 

The name "Mark " perhaps meant name unknown. Doubtless the 
act was sent to Duke James, and was handed to him or into the office at 
London by ]\Ir. or Captain Talbo', James having gone to the Newmarket 
races. If James prompdy signed the act he could not have written as he 
did in August about altering it. (He certainly had no right to alter after 
sigfiing, and did not claim to have.) It would not acquire any additional 
validity by signing.* If he did not give notice of his dissent it remained 
in force until he dissented. That is the way in which it was then treated 
by James himself. 

No doubt the act was used in England and on Long Island to aid 
James (restored as Lord High Admiral) in his new character of protector 
of popular rights. But no one can believe he liked such a law and would 
enforce it as a permanent one ; or failed to see that tying rights and dues 
together into one act betrayed a distrust of him and of his reserved veto- 
power, and might defeat his plans. We may read Evelyn's diary or others 
to learn the march of evenis. In June, Sidney and Russel were arrested, 
with others, and in July, Russel was convicted, sentenced, and executed. 
This was one of the victories of James. 

On the 28th August, 1684, the Duke wrote from England speaking 
of the papers he received, saying the act about franchises and privileges 
being " under consideration, if any alterations are made they will be such 
as will be equally or more advantageous." (3 N. F. Doc. Hist., 348.) 

It perhaps would be fair to suppose that he meant amendments to be 
adopted at the next session of the New York Assembly, soon to be held, 
but that will hardly answer for them. 

By report he unhesitatingly altered laws passed in Ireland in 1690 
before signing them, having there a friendly or obsequious legislature. We 
hear of no amendments adopted or sent here. How did that happen ? "j" 
What is its history.? 

The man most likely to plan and insist upon uniting i\\Q grant 0/ cus- 
tom-house dues with a bill of rights and privileges, was Josiah Hobart, from 
East Hampton, brother of Reverend Joshua, who was settled at Southold, 
and brother of Reverend Jeremiah Hobart, who obtained a wife at Hunt- 
ington, and who preached first at Cow Harbor and afterward at Hemp- 
stead, L. I., and probably an admirer of Miles Hobart, late M. P. in 

* This was in March or July. On 7th March the King was absent from London, 
having gone to the races. On the 22d the King, Queen, and Duke of York were at 
Newmarket, and hastily returned. There were races also in July. {Ev. Diary.) 

f After he was king on 17th February, 1685 (N. S.), fourteen acts were mentioned 
in England. The charter "of franchises and privileges" was described as " not yet 
perfected," and another bill was mentioned " for a present to the Governor" (3 Doc. 
N. Y. Cot. Hist., 354), of which we have no copy. The other titles were like ours, 
but abbreviated. There was no separation about duties and taxes. Tims it is plain 
there were such acts passed in 1683, and reported to England. It is our province to 
learn about them and study them, and we think these we have were intended to be 
correct copies. The most interesting and curious part is the putting into one act 
with the bill of rights the " Continued Bill," about duties and taxes to support the 

6o Laivs of 1683 — Old Records and Old Politics. [April, 

England, who was imprisoned under Charles I. for restraining the speaker, 
or one of the same party (like the later Judge John Sloss Hobart, of the 
same large famil}-). They were all well posted and prepared to oppose a 
despotism, and knew how Charles I., the father of James, had behaved 
in respect to the Petition of Rights. Mr. Brodhead's information about 
Reverend Mr. James was tainted on its face with sectarianism. It was 
doubtless safer to scold at Mr. James than at the Hobarts, who had then 
much popular strength. Mr. Rudyard, the attorney-general, if a sup- 
porter of his son-in-law, John West, perhaps did not oppose. 

Charles II., sick in 1684, died on 6th February, 1685 (N. S.), and 
Duke James then became king. One of the early acts of the new king 
was to disapprove of the New York Bill of Rights after it had been in force 
over a year. 

Objections made to it dated 3d March, 1685 (N. S., 1684 O. S.), 
have been only recently published (3 N. Y. Doc. His., 357). They give 
us some idea of the contents of the law, as sent to England, although 
by all accounts inaccurately recited. Then the plan was to disapprove the 
charter, and to hold the part of the act about revenue and customs dues 
(duties), and services (the "Continued Bill ") valid, which was doubtless 
voted for by reason of the passage of the other, now disapproved, and as 
all agree vetoed. He could not veto a part without destroying the whole, 
except upon the idea that he had absolute power. 

This plan of conduct was fully announced in a new set of instructions 
to Dongan, dated June, 1686, by James as king. This course was found 
on trial at New York to be untenable and impracticable. Duties without 
rights were repudiated, and cduld not be enforced. They were only an- 
other name for slavery. 

The Magna Charta being disapproved, the collection of duties was 
opposed, and seizures made were resisted as illegal. Amid the confusion 
that occurred and noise about smugglers, seizures, privateers and pirates, 
it is difficult to secure a fair history. No partisan of either side is apt to 
give it. Nearly all the old records are out of view, "not found." 

The Eastern (English) end of Long Island probably has the best 
account. That section had the earliest English settlements, with schools 
and improvements, as well as the earliest successful fisheries, and its 
clerks and officers were earliest started (in English) and best regulated. 
It is plain that James was opposed to any legislative government by 
representatives chosen in this country which could seriously check a des- 
potic course. It is absurd to pretend that he was the author of this great 
charter unless deceptively, for merely temporary purposes to secure power. 

Matthias Nicoll and John Palmer, both English lawyers, were ap- 
pointed New York judges and acted under the laws of 1683 with unques- 
tioned legality. Matthias Nicoll was appointed a collector in Queens 
County, Long Island,* and in some collections associated with Vaughton, 
"half brother to Mr. Spragg, " and Isaac Arnold was appointed collector 
at Southold, who was connected with the Brintons, collectors in England, 
and with the Silvesters, one of whom, by report, married a daughter of 
Josiah Hobart. There were very few lawyers : Rudyard came over from 
New Jersey about that time and became attorney-general, f but left soon. 

* 3 iV. Y. Doc, 407, 410, 494 ; 7 G. atid B. Rec, 147 ; loth do., 19, 15 ; do. 51. 
f Devoting his whole time " with small perquisites," 3 Id., 406, 412, 414, 417. 

1887.] Laivs of 1 6 S3 — Old Records and Old Politics. 6j 

James Graham arrived in 1678, and succeeded him as attorney-general 
on i6th of December, 1685. There were few law books, and no Inns of 
Court to teach students here. 

It is quite plain that the Bill of Rights was penned by a well-read law- 
yer. It is understood that William Nicoll, the young lawyer, son of 
Matthias, claimed its authorship. He did so in or after 1691 of the 
amended act (but not without Rudyard in 1683). 

Not long after the session of 1683, this young William Nicoll married 
Annie Van Rensselaer, of the patroon's family (called by Holgate, widow 
of Killian). That did not make him a Dutchman, but it indicated that he 
had pleased some of the Dutch. It secured to him and his femily the 
support of some strong Dutchmen. He was imprisoned by Jacob Leisler 
and became his fierce prosecutor. He was attorney-general of the 
province later and an active public man, the patentee of Islip leaving a 
large family. His will is noticed in our Rec. vol. 2, p. 25 : See 
sketch of him in Thompson's Long Islafid, 390, 444. His sister Margaret 
married the second Richard Floyd. The patroon gave up Albany and 
saved the rest of his wide domain.* 

In 1 71 8, the country house of Matthias at Manhasset (close by the 
waters of Cow Bay, a good harbor) was sold to Latham, a New York ship- 
wright, and it afterwards became a victim to the violence of the Revolu- 
tionary War. 

M. Nicoll's gravestone by report was abused and' lost. No will of 
his has been found. He died on 29th December, 1687 or 1688. 
Latham's wife was Jane Singleton, his daughter or granddaughter, Mary, 
married Robert Mitchell in 1759. 

Their son, Dr. Samuel Latham Mitchell, born 1764, died 1831, and 
need not be described (read Thompson). His brother. Judge Singleton 
Mitchell, resided on the premises. The writer has visited the house and 
made many inquiries, but without effect. 

On the arrival of Governor Slaughter (under William and Mary) and 
the arrest of Jacob Leisler, writs were hastily issued for the election of an 
assembly to meet on 9th April, 1691. We have the names of persons 
elected. Matthew Howell and Henry Pierson for Suffolk County were 
both from Southampton or Brookhaven. James Graham, speaker, was 
from New York city. 

Southold and East Hampton and their public men were out of favor, 
and perhaps not well defended by opponents, claiming more loyally, or 
less liberty. 

A new bill of rights was passed, in part the same as before (and so far 
as it went highly valuable) and other acts revised were re-passed and some 
new acts set in operation. We have undoubted copies of these. They 
rendered the previous acts less important. They were printed and were 
afterwards treated as if the only acts. But some laws and acs can be 
traced resting wholly upon the session of 1683, and some titles to land for 
their strict validity depend upon these, such as titles under an ancestor's 
will dated between 1683 and 1692, because one of these acts of 1683 
required only two witnesses to a will of land and many wills following 
the act of 1683 had only two. 

* In 1691, he was a law-maker or legislator (3 N'. Y. Doc, 410, etc.) and his suc- 
cessors and the NicoUs' have been so ever since, with only occasional intermissions. 

52 La-!X}s of 1683 — Old Records and Old PoUiics. [April, 

Three witnesses were required before by English laws and three after- 
wards (reducing the old number, seven, which remained in Pliny's time). 
The will of Thomas Talmage of East Hampton, dated 23d of April, 
1687, has but two witnesses. The codicil of Captain John Tooker, 
dated 29th May, 1690, disposing of land, has but two ; the will of Thomas 
Scudder, dated 7th December, 1686 ; the will of Stephen Hand in 1688 ; 
the will of John Edwards in 1686 ; the will of John Bigs in 1687, all had 
but two witnesses. 

These were in the eastern County of Suffolk alone ; doubtless there 
may be a greater number elsewhere. The book containing these of 
Suffolk, found out of place, has been recently placed in the county clerk's 
office. When the laws were directed to be compiled in 1752 (sixty years 
after the Legislature of 169 1-2), the compilers were directed to begin at 
that period, 1691, perhaps not because the earlier laws were void or all re- 
pealed, but simply because after that date they were printed, or because 
Jacobite officers, lawyers, or others had not placed the previous laws on 
record, and their contents were either disputed or unknown. It was ap- 
parently a prize for a smart lawyer with few books to get an old copy of laws 
or an old book of wills, and not let his competitors or antagonists have 
a sight of it. But there may have been some good reasons for reticence. 

These old laws of 1683 and 1684, before James H. was King, were 
acknowledged to be valid and unhesitatingly acted upon. 

To urge that James was the author of the "Charter of Liberties," the 
Magna Charta, would arouse a contest at once. Sectarians, some called 
Papists, only suggest it now. They called King John the author of the 
ancient Magna Charta, 

We have not found the title to land disturbed when derived from wills 
with only two witnesses ; quiet possession and recognized titles have fol- 
lowed such wills. 

The old rate lists cannot be comprehended without having these acts 
to rest upon ; nor the accounts about wolves or courts, or the collection 
of duties, seizures of vessels, and political struggles. 

Some of the modern judges, with these old statutes out of view, follow- 
ing decisions relating to wild lands, may have weakened them by losing 
the foundations upon which they were based. But such errors may be 

It is foreign from our purpose to accuse of greed or corruption, of 
faults or crimes, either Dongan or others. The attacks and defences of 
him and the Treasurer Santen have preserved many items of history, for 
which we may be grateful. It is too late to allege faults or crimes when 
the persons accused cannot be heard in their defence, and when evidence 
is so imperfect, (95 Litt. Liv. Age, 319.) Then " Omnia bona bonis ; " 
"omnia recte acta." But not doing this, we may admit the prevalence 
of vice and study the best forms for restraining it. 

We need not attempt to moralize. The books are full of fine argu- 
ments and good axioms. To practise them may be very difficult. It is 
pleasant to find a modern Lord Hobart in England, eulogizing Richard 
Cobden in Macmillan's Magazine. Read it in 92 Lit/. Liv. Age, 323 ; 
but avoid what he calls (on p. 330), "the despotism of bad words — the 
weapon of ignorance and folly." 

We add a copy of the act about recording deeds, as needed alike by 
the antiquarian and genealogist, and to trace land titles. 

1887.] Laws 0/ 1683 — Old Records and Old Politics. 5-> 

An Actt tto preventt frauds, conueyancing of lands : viz* — 
For asmuch as many abuses & In iu ryes have happened to y^ Inhaby- 
tants of this prouince, for want of y^ duly regestering & recording conuey- 
ances of lands whereby disputes & Law Sutes doe continually arize for v" 
preuention whereof be itt enactted by y^ gouorn"" : Counsel! & representa- 
tiues in generall asembly on the authoryty of y^ same that from & after 
y^ five and twentyeth daye of desember next after y^ date hereof, noe 
grants, deeds, morgages or other Conueyances what soeuer, of any lands or 
tenements within this prouinc shall bee of any force power or ualydyty in 
Law = unless y^ sayd grants deeds morgages or other conveyancess, be entred 
& recorded in y^ register of y^ County where such lands or tenements doe 
iy within six months after y^ daye of there respective dattes=prouided 
alwayes & be itt further enactted by y^ authoryty aforesayd, y* none of 
y^ aforesayd grants deeds morgages or other Conueyances shalTbee entred 
or recorded untill y'' partly or partyes who did seale and deleuer y^ same 
shall make acknowlidgment thereof before some one of his maiesty jus- 
tises ofy^ peace, or y' y^ same be by suffiitient wittneses proued before 
y^ sayd Justises of y^ peace & sertifycate thereof entred on y^ backside of 
y^ sayd deede grant morgage or other Conueyances prouided alhvayes y' 
y*^ sayd deeds morgages or other Conueyances as aforesayd be by y^ Clark 
or register of y^ county where such deeds morgages or other Conueyances 
are entred transmitted one euery yeare to y^ secretarys offis at new york 
with y^ feese ordayned for y*" same, there to be registreed and Entred 
prouided also y' y^ sume menshened in y^ sayd deeds morgages or other 
conueyances doe exceed y^ sum off fififty pounds & not otherwise, prouided 
also y' iff y^ Clark or regester shall negleckt to transmitt y^ sayd records 
as aforesayd y* then such negleckt of y^ Clark shall not preiudice v^ right 
of any person claimeingany such lands by vertue of such deeds morgages 
or Conueyeances as aforesayd byt that for such negleckt y° sayd Clark shall 
loose his place and be made for euer Incapable to execute any place or 
office of trust within this prouince 
new york nou^ y* 2" 

The representetiues haue 
assented to this bill and 
order it to be sent up to y* 
This bill being read gouern"': and Counsell for 

three times Itt is asented there assent 

to by y® gouernor & Counsell, M. Nicolls speaker, 

new york 3'^ 31^ of nou' 1683 
Tho : Don2:an 

Mrs. Maurice E. Lindsay, Tennfly, Bergen County, N. J., has been for many 
years collecting the genealogical records of the JNIaineand New Hampshire families of 
Barefoot, Cheney, Coffin, Dudley, Fifield, Gnniore, Greenleaf, Jewett, Sachell, 
Somerby, Wicom and Wiggin. Any information on the subject would be acceptable ; 
but Mrs. Lindsay especially wishes to know if Sarah Barefoot, who married Thomas 
Wiggins in 1701, were a sister of Deputy Governor Baiefoot of New Hampshire. 

64 • President Wilsons Annual Address. [April, 


Delivered January 14, 1887. 

It affords me great pleasure to announce that our society has prospered 
during the past year. It has added largely to its membership, and has 
received many valuable accessions to its growing library. Through the 
efforts of the building committee, of which Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt is 
chairman, it is confidently believed that ere long the society will be in 
the occupation of more commodious quarters, where our very valuable 
library and archives will be secure against loss from fire. I am also happy 
to be able to state that The New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Record is prospering, being at the present time more than self-sustaining. 
It is, however, to be wished that its circulation might be greatly increased, 
thereby enabling the publication committee to enlarge its size and also 
to add to its usefulness. It gives me pleasure to announce that since our 
last annual meeting many names have been added to the list of subscribers 
to the national statue of Cplumbus, which it is proposed to erect, under 
the auspices of this society, in the Central Park of the American metrop- 
olis, on the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of the Western 

Within the last year among the members of the society who have been 
removed by death, we have to regret the loss of Chester A. Arthur, twenty- 
first President of the United States, whose funeral was attended by your 
speaker as president of this society. Another prominent person, whom it is 
proper I should mention, died during the past month. I allude to 
Marshall P. Wilder, the venerable president, for twenty years, of our sister 
society of New England. But a few days before his death it was an- 
nounced that he would deliver in Boston on the fifth of the present month 
his twentieth annual address before the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society. 

The subject to which I shall now invite your attention is Richard 
Henry Dana — not the honored poet, but his equally distinguished son, 
who bore the same name, and who stood among the most prominent of 
American lawyers. It may be within the recollection of some of this 
audience that a volume entitled Bryant and His Friends, appeared in this 
city in the autumn of 1885. It contained the writer's reminiscences of 
Bryant, Cooper, Dana, Halleck, Irving, Paulding, Willis, and other of the 
"old guard " of American authors with whom it was his good fortune to 
have been acquainted. A Chicago critic, in reviewing the work, alluded to 
the author as "the last survivor of the venerable Knickerbockers." It 
may be interesting to those present to know that I am that venerable 
"last survivor." 

Richard Henry Dana was born in Cambridge, Mass., August i, 181 5. 
In early life, as he assured your speaker, he had a strong passion for the 
sea, and had he consulted his inclination only, he would have entered the 
American navy ; but, influenced by his father and other members of the 
family, he became a student of Harvard University. Here he was exposed 
to one of those difficulties which college faculties out in the way of 
students by their mismanagement, and Dana, like his father, was rusti- 
cated. Returning to Harvard he was compelled to suspend his studies 
by an affection of the eyes, graduating in 1837. In ihe mean while, for a 

1887.] President Wilsons Annual Address. a- 

remedy, recalling his early love of the sea, he resolved to rouo-h it on a 
Pacific voyage as a sailor, though he had, of course, every facility for 
ordinary travel and adventure. He accordingly shipped before the mast 
as a seaman on the brig Pilgrim from Boston, for a voyage round Cape 
Horn to the western coast of North America. During' the cruise Dana 
performed, with cheerfulness and spirit, the duties of a common sailor, 
which he has charmingly described in his well-known work, Two Years 
Before the Mast. 

The manuscript was sent in 1839, by the elder Dana, to his friend, 
William Cullen Bryant, who offered it to various publishers, and at last, 
although he said " it was as good as Robinson Crusoe," sold it for the 
magnificent sum of $250. The publishers issued it on the recommenda- 
tion of the late Bishop Horatio Potter. The vvork was issued in the fol- 
lowing year. It was immediately successful, passing through several edi- 
tions, being reprinted in England, where the Board of Admiralty adopted 
it for distribution in the navy, and translated it into several continental 
languages. This personal narration of a sailor's life at sea is probably 
the most accurate and truthful work of its character ever published. " In 
reading it," says Mr. Whipple, "anybody can see that it is more than an 
ordinary record of a voyage ; for there runs through the simple and lucid 
narrative an element of beauty and power which gives it the charm of 
romance." The work was republished in 1869, with an additional chap- 
ter giving an account of a second visit to California and some of the per- 
sons and vessels mentioned in the original edition. 

About the period of the appearance of the enlarged work, its author 
was dining with several members of Congress in Washington, when some 
allusion was made to his Two Years Before the Mast. The author was 
very apt to become "enthused " whenever any reference was made to his 
nautical experiences, and delighted in launching out into an interesting 
sketch of them, Dana did so in this instance, and was listened to with 
great attention and interest. At the conclusion of his story some staid and 
elderly member of Congress innocently, and with no intention of giving 
offence, inquired : "Mr. Dana, where can I see a copy of that book? I 
never heard of it before." Mr. Dana gazed at the inquirer as if thunder- 
struck at his ignorance of the existence of his production, and reddening 
with indignation, replied: "At any libraiy in the land, sir. At any 
book store, sir." In 1841 Mr. Dana published a manual of sea usages 
and laws under the title of The Seaman s Friend, which has been reprinted 
in England with another title, and in 1859 an account of a vacation trip, 
entitled To Cuba and Back. He occasionally contributed to the North 
Ajnerican Reviau, the Lazv Register, and the American Law Rtvietv, and 
he prepared biographical sketches of his kinsmen. Prof. Edward Chan- 
ning, and Washington Allston. From the latter the following beautiful 
lines descriptive of the death of his artist uncle are taken : " He had fii>- 
ished a day and a week of labor in his studio upon his great picture of 
Belshazzar's Feast ; the fresh paint denoting that the last touches of his 
pencil were given to that glorious but melancholy monument of the best 
years of his life. Having conversed with his retiring family with peculiar 
solemnity and earnestness upon the obligation and beauty of a pure spir- 
itual life, and on the realities of the world to come, he had sealed him- 
self at his nightly employment of reading, which he usually carried into 
the early hours of the morning. In the silence and solitude of this occu- 


56 President Wilsons Annual Address. [April, 

pation, in a moment, 'with touch as gentle as the morning light' which 
was even then approaching, his spirit was called away to its proper 
home. " 

During the years 1859-60 Mr. Dana made a tour around the world, 
visiting California a second time, the Hawaiian Islands, China, Japan, 
India, and Egypt, returning through Europe. Six years later, by request 
of the family of Henry Wheaton, he engaged in the preparation of a new 
edition of Wheaion's International Law, bringing up that standard work 
from 1848, when Mr. Wheaton died, to the time of the publication of 
the revised book. The task, which in some respects Mr. Dana performed 
successfully, entailed upon him much subsequent annoyance. Some of 
his original annotations were regarded with particular favor, and his note 
on the neutrality laws of the United States and Great Britain was trans- 
lated by order of our government to be used by the arbitrators at Geneva 
in 1872. 

In 1866 Mr. Dana received the degree of LL. D. from Harvard Col- 
lege, and he lectured on international law in the Cambridge Law School 
in 1866-67. He ran against General Butler in the Essex district in 1868 
and was defeated by a large majority. This temerity on his part also led 
to subsequent trouble. 

In March, 1876, General Grant nominated Mr, Dana as Minister to 
England to refill the position vacated by General Schenck. At first, at 
least with the public, there was no thought of any opposition to this nomi- 
nation, and it was regarded by the public with peculiar favor. General 
Grant was congratulated upon his good judgment, but personal and pri- 
vate feelings soon began to exercise their influence. Great opposition to 
his confirmation arose, mainly through the exertions of General Butler, 
who had not forgotten Mr. Dana's canvass against him as a candidate for 
Congress — and of Mr. Lawrence, who charged that Mr. Dana had pirated 
the notes of his edition of Wheaton' s Inter Jiational Law. It is unnecessary 
to revive here the dreary details of this literary controversy. Mr. Dana 
complained, and with justice, that the charges against him were made ex 
parte before the Senate Committee, while he was denied any opportunity 
of defence. He felt, and perhaps he had a right to feel, that it was not 
his literary differences with Mr. Lawrence, but his political differences 
with General Butler, which the Senate Committee were considering. 
The nomination General Grant utterly refused to withdraw, for he prob- 
ably considered it one of the most creditable acts of his administration. 
The result was that it was rejected on the 5th of April by a vote of thirty- 
seven to seventeen. The controversy continued to rage, even after the 
rejection, and attracted some notice abroad, several London newspapers 
characterizing the affair as a "paltry intrigue." It is sufficient to say that 
if Mr. Dana erred in the matter, he did so unintentionally. He un- 
doubtedly felt the indignity as deeply as it would be possible for any man 
to feel it, and if he unwittingly did Mr. Lawrence any wrong he paid the 

Among a few of Mr. Dana's notes that I happen to have preserved, I 
find one referring to his father and the poet Bryant : 

" Boston, Juue 14, 1878. 
" My Dear General Wilson : 

"The funeral of Bryant is at this moment going on in New York. 1 

1887.] President Wilson's Annual Address. 5y 

do not know that I was ever more disappointed and mortified when I 
found yesterday afternoon I could not be there. My father had taken 
great comfort in the thought that, while himself too old and feeble, 
his son would be there to represent him, and I had myself taken satisfac- 
tion in the hope of being able to do something to testify to that most in- 
teresting life-long friendship and to join with others of a later, but still 
well-advanced generation. It is enough to say that I found the obstacle 
insuperable, and yielded to it ' more in sorrow than in anger. ' Thanks 
for the cordiality with which you received my proposal and for your kind 
invitation." . 

Soon after the date of this note, Mr. Dana went abroad for the pur- 
pose of pursuing his studies of international law, his intention being to 
publish an exhaustive work on that subject. He spent much time in 
Paris, and near the close of 188 1 visited Rome. He joined a merry 
Christmas dinner party of American friends, was taken ill the following 
day, and died Saturday, January 7, 1882, from an attack of pneumonia. 
Two days later, the beautiful American Episcopal church in the Via Na- 
tionale was crowded with his countrymen assembled to attend the funeral 
services. His remains were interred in the Protestant cemetery at Porta 
di S. Paolo, close to the Pyramid of Caius Cestius and near those of the 
poets Keats and Shelley and of their devoted friends and worshippers 
Severn and Trelawney, who now rest by their side. 

Of the personal appearance of this great lawyer and accomplished 
gentleman, and also of his father, the venerable poet, Charles Dickens in 
1842 wrote : " Dana, the author of Tivo Years Before the Mast, is a very 
nice fellow indeed, and in appearance not at all the man you would ex- 
pect. He is short, mild-looking, and has a careworn face. His father is 
exactly like George Cruikshank after a night's jollity — only shorter." 

Even so brief a notice of Mr. Dana requires that a word be said of his 
other claims to remembrance. He was a representative of the best cul- 
ture of his native State, and had acquired a permanent reputation on both 
sides of the Atlantic. He had taken part in many of the most conspicu- 
ous litigations of the last half-century, and it is perhaps not too much 
praise to place Dana among the great lawyers of the country, such as 
Pinckney, Wirt, Binney, O'Conor, and Evarts. His death, following 
closely on that of William Beach Lawrence, deprived the restricted circle 
of American writers on international law of their most brilliant leaders. 
As a diplomat, he would doubtless have acquitted himself with as much 
success as those other men of Massachusetts, Everett, Abbott Lawrence, 
Adams, Motley, and Lowell, who represented the United States at the 
Court of St. James, to which he was appointed. Dana never had an op- 
portunity of being known in the national councils of the country. Had 
he obtained a seat in the Senate, he would have met there few men his 
superiors in knowledge of public affairs, in comprehension of the prin- 
ciples of statesmanship or in the ability to engage in their discussion. 

Permit me in conclusion to add' a few words concerning Edward 
Trowbridge Dana, a younger brother of Richard Henry, who died in 
1869, ^t the age of fifty-one. He was born in Cambridge, Mass., August 
29, 1 81 8, and was graduated at the University of Vermont in 1839, and at 
Harvard Law School two years later. Subsequently he practised in partner- 
ship with his brother, Richard, in Boston for several years, when failing 

58 Marriages at Si. Mary Le Strand, London. [April, 

health compelled him to reside in Europe, where he continued his studies,' 
devoting special attention to Roman civil law, and to history and philosophy 
in their bearings upon law. In 1854 he received the degree of J.U.D. 
from the University of Heidelberg, and returned to the United States two 
years later. He wrote occasionally for periodicals, and attempted the 
translation of the works of Von Mohl and other eminent German jurists. 

"I knew him well," writes Mr. Geo. W. Curtis to your speaker, "and 
esteemed him very highly. We travelled together in Switzerland in 1848. 
He was many years abroad — a lawyer and a delightful man." Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes, on the occasion of his introducing Matthew Arnold to 
his first Boston audience, referred not to him, as was stated, but to the 
poet's elder brother, who was born in 1779, and died in 1859. Walking 
one day in the streets of London, with another gentleman, Dana and his 
friend were beset by a ruffian ; the friend stripped off his coat, handed it 
to Mr. Dana, and gave the fellow a thorough thrashing. Sympathy was 
with the unoffending victor. Hurrahs were given for him, and then the 
enthusiasm broke out with, "Hurrah for the little man that held his 
acket ! " "Now," said Dr. Holmes, "the little man that was to hold 
the jacket this evening was the Rev. Phillips Brooks. But he is unfortu- 
nately detained by indisposition. He is unable to be here and I have 
been called upon to fill his place." Of course the audience immediately 
set the little doctor of medicine mentally beside the herculean doctor of 
divinity, and everybody laughed, none more heartily than Dr. Holmes. 

( FROM A.D. 1609. 

Transcribed by James Greenstreet, Honorary Secretary of the Pipe- 
Roll Society. 

(Continued from Vol. XVIII., p. 40, of The Record.) 

J'dU. 10, Robert Wilson and Jane Boulton, by lycence. 

Jan. II, James [blank] and Jane [blank]. 

Jan. 15, Thomas Stone and Mary Kertton, by banes. 

Jan. 21, John Clarges and Anne Leader, per banes. 

Feb. 18, Richard Turner and Eliz. Symonds, per lye. 

Feb. 17, Christopher Symonds and Izabell Gaynes, by lycenc. 

Feb. 18, Edward Grace and Jouan Hunt, by lycenc. 

Feb. 18, John Purdy and Mary Dodsworth, by banes. 

Feb. 20, Peeter Osbourne and Dorothy Davers, by lycenc. 

Feb. 25, William Whetstone and Eliz. Grayesby, by lye. 

March lo, Edward Stock and Wynyfrid Heryndell, per lye. 

March 15, Toby Rugg and Eliz. Wheathili, by lye. 

April 10, Robart Bachley and INIary Hawse, per banes. 
May 5, Robart Powell and Eliz. Wriddle, per lie. fa. 

1887.] Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. 5q 

May 10, Thomas Dale and Elizabeth Reynalls, by banes. 

May 15, William Roche and Margery Gradell.* by lycenc. 

June 8, Robart Bridges and Dame Eliz. Sandford, by lycenc. 

June 22, Edward Whitte and Ellen Wetherall, per lye. 

June 25, Thomas Greenesh'd and Jouan Whartton, bv lycenc. 

July 9, Tymothy Woode and Jane Bourne, per lye. fac. 

July 12, John Abrahall and Dorothy Gyfford, per lye. facult. 

July 25, Barnard Parker and Eliz, Coxes, by banes. 

Aug. 7, Richard Trubb and ffraunces Rippingham, by lye. 

Aug. 29, Samuell Graye and Joane Coxs, per lye. 

Sept. 7, Thomas Jones and Jane Harrold, by licence. 

Oct. 8, Gabriell Raynes and Anne Barker, by licence. 

Oct. 15, Thomas Bell and Ann Overton, by licence. 

Oct. 25, Richard Sherman and Dorcas Rawlanson, per licence. 

Oct. 25, James Hopkins and INIargaret Howell. 

Oct. 27, Robert Welche and Wynnyfryde Holmes, per lycenc. 
" Nov. 27, Tristram Woodward and Ellen Pellam. 

Dec. 2, Richard Postlewaight and [blank], by banes. 
— Dec. 5, John Rogers and Elizabeth Smyth, per licence. 

Dec. 14, Thomas Beale and Eliz. Hall, per licence. 
^ Dec. 29, Robart Younge and Elizabeth Harrysonn, per lycenc. 


Jan. 24, Peter Davy and Susanna Brooke, per licence. 

Feb. 4, Thomas Marton and Elizabeth Lee, per banes, 

Feb. 4, Giles Heighmaid and Dallia Dolman, by licence, 

Feb. 5, John Shepard and Elizabeth Overton, by banes. 

Feb. 5, Thomas Spanndey and Cicelie Hartfordshire, by banes, 

Feb. 6, Robeart Wratting and Isabell Easom, per licence. 

Feb. 20, Joseph Boreman and Rachell Dickmanton, per licence. 
% March 5, Thomas Dey and Margery Jones, per licence, 

March 15, John Martin and Anne Hayle, per banes, 


March 31, Thomas Smyth and Joane Ingraham, per banes, 

April I, Thomas Hanning and Sarah Bailie, 

April 27, John Goodhand and Ruth Hansard, /t'r licence. 

April 29, George, Lord Audelie, and Elizabeth Noell, per licence. 

April 29, Robeart Arnold and Elizabeth Millet. 

May 2, Richard Dobson and INLargery PuUen. 

May 9, Cristopher Rosdel and Anne Hughes, per licence. 

May 18, John Ansloe and Mary Ludlam, per licence. 

June 5, John Baker and Elizabeth Holmeden. 

July II, riiomas Bagley and Margaret Truman. 

July II, Pawle IMan and Joane Keene, by licence. 

July 16, John ffliid and Clement Bedwell. 

July 22, (Gilbert Tincom and Margery Tynney. 

Aug, 4, Thomas Saunders and Joyce Baylie, by licence. 

Aug. 9,. James Robinson and Jane Lock, by licence. 

Sept, 15, Ifrauncis Johnson and Barbard Clearke, by licence, 

Sept. 25, Thomas Dakins and Alice Banes. 

Sept. 30, Thomas Crosse and INIary Michell, per licence. 

* (Query, intended for ' ' Tradell " ?) 

JO Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. [April, 

Oct. 8, Robeart Lavile and Joane Basse. 

Oct. 1 8, Mathew Sparrowe and Anne Hutchinson, per banes. 

Oct. idi, Rofjer Hackett and Edith Breech, per licence. 

Oct. 15, S' Edward ffox and Dame Katherin Long, per licence. 
• Oct. 15, John Grymes and Susan Jerman, per licence. 

Oct. 16, Edward Dix and Grace [blank], per licence. 


Jan. 2, Robeart Atkins and Jane Guy, per licence. 

Jan. 13, Thomas Poyes and Rebecka Hubberd, per licence. 

Jan. 17, George Rawson and Elizabeth Johnson, per licence. 

Jan. 20, Thomas Channell and Elizabeth Bafford, per banes. 

Jan. 25, Thomas Brunt and Constance Collins, per licence. 

Jan. 27, William Johnson and Grace Warren, by certificate from the 
Deane of Westminster. 

Feb. I, Hewgh Whistler and Bettrice Hardington. 

Feb. 9, Thomas Burges and Katherin Bafford, per banes. 

Feb. 17, George Reve and Ann Knight. 

Feb. 22, Thomas Smyth and Margaret Clearke, per banes. 

Feb. 24, Jeffrey Brittingham and Anne ffisher, per banes. 

March 3, Owen John and Mary ffriday, per licence. 


April 16, Henry Myllycent and Marye Compfortt, per lyc.fac. 

May II, George Snellinge and Margaret Martin, per, lye. fac. 

May 13, John Hasall and Eliz. Barcrofte, per lye. fac. 

May 21, Edward Bryersand Katherine Crosse, per lye. fae. 

May 24, George Spratt and ffraunces Wellington, per lye. 

June I, Anthony NichoUs and Myllicent Hamon, per lycence. 

June — , Thomas Smieth and Elizabeth Harloe, /cr banes. 
-^ June 6, John Willmot and Elizabeth Gardner, />^r lye. 

June II, Thomas Brightwell and Mary Tapp, per lye. 

July 7, Tobyas Wrothington and Jouan Browne, per lye. 

July 10, William ffarmer and Martha Herringe, per lycence. 

July 10, Richard Munday and Jouan Lacy, per lye. 

July 23, Aquila Wickes and Dorothy Duncombe, per lycence. 

July 25, Pierce Skinninge and Joyce Hughes, by lycenc. 

Aug. 23, William Welles and Gillyan Waters. 

Aug. 30, John Dicker and Jouan Sallom, per lye. 

Aug. 31, Thomas Mason and Katherine Childe, per lye. 

Sept. 5, Davye Jones and Marye Lee, by hcence. 

Sept. 23, William Hollan and Elizabeth Sherman, per ly. 

Sept. 27, Thomas Backester and Grace Wickes, per lye. 

Oct. 5, Thomas Rawyer and Margreat Brettwell, ptr iyc. 

Nov. 4, William Lewes and Jouan Bursey, per iyc. 

Nov. 5, Phillip Morgan and Anne Knevet, lye. 

Nov. 5, William Gillinge and Margaret DovvHnge, per lye. 

Nov. 3, \sic\, John Church and Judith ff'jnge, per lye. 

Nov. 23, John Hopkins and Jane Marshfill, by lycenc. 

Dec. 17, Edward Williamson and Marv Archer, by lycenc. 
"^ Dec. 18, William Cooper and DoYOthy Poole, by lycenc. 

Dec. 18, Edward Standi=h and Jouan Hughes, by lycenc. 
--Dec. 21, Mr. Io>-;,^ Woodard and Margreat Spencer, per lye. 
\ Dec. 27. ^ohn Pemberton and Jane ffoster, per lye. 

1887.] Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. 71 

Jan. 8, James Edward and Katherine Thomas, per banes. 
Jan. 28, Henry Gouldwell and Jouan Drabbes, per ly. 
Jan. 31, Henry Allanson and Jouan VL2.\y, per lye. 
Feb. 2, James Browne and Ellenor Stacy, per lye. 
Feb. II, Thomas Heyle and Eliz. Rawlinson, per lye. 
March 4, Thomas ffreeson and ]\Iargreate Hasterley, per lye. 
INIarch 4, Raphfe Dixson and Anne Poolly, by banes. 
]\Iareh 20, Richard Marple and Christian Watson, per lye. 
IVIareh 21, Nicholas Dawson and Eliz. Kitchman, per bane solicitur. 

April 19, Henoek Clapham and Elizabeth Midleton, per lye. 
IMay 4, Thomas Evelinge and Anne Gould, per lyx. fac. 
May 5, Thomas Sharrattand Luce Ansell, per lye. 
May 6, Richard Hunte and Judith Cowlyn, per lye. 
]\Iay II, William Brockall and Jouan Williams, per lye. 
May 13, Symon Hall and Anne Allison, per licence. 
May 13, William Lee and Elizabeth ffleminge, per lye. 
June 6, John Garrett and Thomasine Suger. 
June 15, Cuthbeard Wroth and Katherine Browne, per lye. 
June 17, Thomas Atkinson and Sarah Wilkinson, per lye. 
July 3, Wiliiam Erwood and Mary Wilkinson, per lye. 
July 7, Samuell Blunt and Ann Dauson, per lye. 
July 14, ffi-auncis Parker and Mary Harr}'son, per banes. 
July 31, Svmon Weeden and Anne Titoe, per lye. 
Aug. 16, Hughe Turner and Judith Wakelin, per banes. 
Aug. 19, Richard Barrat and Jouhan JMorkcridge, per lye. 
Aug. 24, John ]Merrycke and Luce Haynes, per lye. 
Aug. 30, George Bovell and Jouhan Myller, per lye. 
Sept. 20, Richard Morgan and ]\Iarye Slopes, per lye. 
Oct. 2, Samuell Thymbleby and Jouan Nortton, per banes. 
Oct. 8, John ffaulkner and Margaret ffloreday, per lye. 
Oct. 16, Robert Bell. and Susan Payne, per lye. 
Oct. 16, William Harcott and Mary Ball, per ly. 
Oct. 19, John Dawson and Mary Ball, per lye. 
Oct. 28, Edward Brockwell and' Margery Blassinden, per banes. 
Nov. 7, Ambros Davys and Susann Jones, per ba. 
Nov. 9, John Gloster and Rebecka Bray. 
Nov. 14, Richard Doulton and fFraunces Griffin. 
Nov. 14, Robert Marlion and Jane Tucker. 
Nov. 29, John Lucas and Anne Rogers. 
Dec. 3, Claudio Wilson and Katherine Stansham. 
Dec. 3, Thomas Reddinge and Dorothy Childerle)-, per lye. 
Dee. 12, Edward Dowty and Wynifryd Waryner, per lye. 
Dee. 16, John Holmes and Elizabeth Claxson. 
Dec. 5 \sk\, William Wyvell and Elizabeth Hitchcock. 
Dec. 24, Robert Dorrell and Christionete Elemy, per ly. 
Dec. 25, John Radstone and Jane Piayford, per lye. 
Dee. 26, ffraunces Johnson and Jane Shephard, per lye. 
Dec. 27, ffrauncis Dorrell and Jane Shephard. 

Jan. 10, John Whittinge and Hester Blunt. 

72 Man-iages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. [April, 

Jan. 2 1, Richard Tliomas and Katherine Pierce, per lye. 
Jan. 27. Robert Hebbes and Elizabeth Bartlett, per 1}'C. 
Feb. 5, John Hutchins and Mary Godly, per lye. 
Feb. 17, John Mottershed and ffraunces Banes ; lye. 
Feb. 18, Edward Pkibard and Alice Lea. 
Feb. 15 \sic\ John Graynes and Margreat Jackson, ptr ly. 
Feb. 19, Thomas Lloyd and Susan Bucke. 
Feb. 17, Christopher Backhowse and Alice Robinson, per lye. 
Feb. 17, P'dward Smiethe and Elizabeth Thorne, per lye. 
Feb. 27, Vl\ [ ] Willoby and Mary, "or Macey," Wigges, /^r 

ly, fa. 

March 6, Humphry Hughes and Marye Glasseocke. 
March 6, William Wallaston and Anne Worsley, per ly. 
March 8, Robert Jenninges and Elizabeth Jones. 
March 3, John ffarwell and Elizabeth Baker, per lye. 
March 3, Robert Ashewell and Marye Richards, per lye. 
March 4, John Nicholls and Susanna Michell, per lye. 

April 14, John Vpcoate and ]\Iary MuUins, per lye. 
April 23, Samuell Griffin and Anne Smieth, per lye. 
April 23, William Slacke and Elizabeth Turbill, per lye. 
April 27, Mathew Kniffington and Anne Crofte, per lye. 
April 29, William Smieth and Jane ffawkes, per lye. 
May 5, William Phillipes and Alice Barrett, per lye. 
May 5, Edward Waterfoord and Jane Houlden, per lye. 
May 14, William ffyeld and Margery Gilford, per banes. 
May 16, Richard Cockman and Jouan Mounger. 
May 22, William Atkinson and Jane Anderson, per lye. 
May 28, ffrauncis Rogers, gent., and Katherine Carew, per lye. 
May 31, James Witt, and Marye VVoolffe, per lye. 
[une I, John Englishe and Marye Beech, per ly. 
fune 2, John Archer and Claude Menaunt, per lye. 
fune 6, Roger Harsnap and Margreat Wallis, per lye. 
[une II, Humphry Downes and Mary Bellingford, per lye. 
[une 16, John Winch and Susan n Parker, 
[une 22, John Olliffe and Anne Hutchins. 
[une 22, John Johnson and Ellen Waples. 
[une 23, Edward Wotton and Katherine Edlin. 
fune 26, William Millne and Jane Leman, per ly. f. 
[une 30, Richard Hyne and Elizabeth Batersbye, per ly. fa. 
[uly 6, Androwe Maylin and Jouan Morley. 
[uly 8, Henry Smieth and Alice Dackombe, per lye. 
[uly 10, John Wyatt and Elizabeth Stanley, per banes, 
[uly II, Thomas ffreeman and Eliz. Martin, 
[uly 13, Richard Clarke and Anne Cranffyeld, per ly. 
[uly 21, Jeoffrye Jones and Elizabeth Cloughe. 
[uly 25, Thomas Cullicke and Anne Braunche, per lye. 
["'y 25, Joseph Boyle and Anne Jones, per banes. 
[uly 27, Edward fframpton and INIarye Whittakers, per lye. 
Aug. 5, ]\P. Walter Hildesley and Dame Ruthe Harrington, per lye. 
Aug. 10, Robert Houlder and Anne Cooke. 
Aug. 10, Samuell Hopkins and Anne Tumber, per lye. 

1887.] Mrs, Mary Buckingham. 

Aug-. 15, James Pickeringe and Constanc Butler, per lye. 

Aug. 16, John Hunt and Jouan Pitcher, per lye. 

Aug. 22, Thomas Gierke and Margaret Ashenden, per lye. 

Sept. 5, James Stonehowse and Anne Lee, per lye. 

Sept. 6, Lewys Evans and Elizabeth Heath, per lye. 

Sept. 14, Jeoffry Wilson and Aliee Claxson, per ly. 

Sept. 14, Thomas Rcmball and Dorothy Arundell, per lye. 

Sept. 23, Peeter Baeon and Jouan Hone, per b. 

Sept. 23, Riehard Boyes and Elizabeth Stafford, per lye. 

Sept. 26, Riehard Vnderwood and Isabell Powell, per lye. 

Sept. 30, Thomas Davys and Marye Pryee, per lye. 

Oct. 2, James Travy and Phillis Woulffe. 

Oct. 3, William Armestronge and Aliee Dun, per lye. 

Oct. II, Martin Pollard and Christian Casswell. 

Oct, 17, Henry Packe and Bridget! Crampthorne, per lye. 

Oct. 17, Abraham Vanson and Mary Englishe. 

Oct. 19, Henry Alldridge and Mary Langthon, /^r lye. 

Oct. 26, William Allett and Barbare Lloyd, per lye. 

Oct. 28, Roger Glassington and Margreate Pope, per lye. 

Nov. 3, Thomas Corke and Alice Veare, per lye. 

Nov. 3, John Moore and Jouan Aungell. 

Nov. 7, Robert Barnes and Alice Syner. 

Nov. 12, William Gibbins and Dorothy Carter, per lye. 

Nov. 10 \sic\ John Ittery and Anne Brineksfyeld, per lye. 

Nov. 12, John Gumersell and Anne Best, per lye. 

Nov. 23, Henry Smieth and Ellenour Blaunch,/£r ly. 

Nov. 27, Hughe Sayeheverell and Oryane Hobson, per lye. 

Dee. 4, Christopher Larchin and Jane Serivenour, per lye. 

Dec. 7, Christofer Gibbon and Mary Sutton, per lye. 

Dec. 8, Riehard Tucker and Anne Bostocke, per ly. 

Dec. 17, Thomas Coweh and Aliee Clarke, per licence. 


By Commander Edward Hooker, U. S. N. 

Not long ago I had the good fortune to discover in an old cemetery 
near the East Norwalk (Conn.) railway station, some graves of which 
one at least, that of Mrs. Mary Buckingham, has been an object of search 
for many years. Nearly in the centre of the burial ground I found sev- 
eral piece's of a broken blue-slate headstone which were piled together 
around the remnant which remained in the ground ; placing these frag- 
ments together, I was able to make out this inscription: " Here lyes 
buried the Body of the Rev'' Stephen Buckingham, late pastor of the i" 
Church of Christ in Norwalk. Departed this Life Feb. 3, 1745-6. Etatis 


jA Airs. Mary Buckingham. [April, 

70." Among these pieces there was also the broken footstone bearing 
this inscription : " Rev'* Mr. Stephen Buckingham," 

These broken bits of slate will soon be scattered, and all trace of the 
resting place of this noted man will be lost. 

Near this grave there is a small blue-slate stone nearly buried in the 
ground, upon which is inscribed : "Here lyes the body of Mrs. Mary 
Buckingham, aged 77 years. Died June ye 24, 171 2." Possibly this 
may originally have been a taller stone, and being broken off, the upper 
part has been set in the ground again ; if this is so, it may be that there 
is some portion of the inscription on the part under ground which I could 
not see. 

This little scrap of slate with its simple inscription conveys but little 
information regarding the lady whose last resting place it marks. 

This Mrs, Mary Buckingham was the eldest daughter of Captain 
Thomas Willett, the first Mayor of the city of New York, She was born 
at Plymouth, Mass., November 10, 1637, and was married at Plymouth, 
September 22, 1658, to Rev. Samuel Hooker, of Farmington, Conn, 

Rev. Samuel Hooker was a son of the famous Rev. Thomas Hooker, 
who led the people of his church through the wilderness and made the 
first settlement at Hartford, Conn. He was the only son of Thomas 
Hooker, who perpetuated the name in this country. Mather, in his 
Magnalia, in speaking of Rev, Thomas Hooker, says: "Our dead 
Hooker yet lives in his worthy son, the Rev, Samuel Hooker, of Farm- 

At Farmington Mrs. Mary Willett Hooker became the mother of 
eleven children — nine sons and two daughters — and these sons are the pro- 
genitors of the Hookers of Connecticut and all New England. One of her 
daughters, Sarah Hooker, born at Farmington, May 3, 1681, married Rev. 
Stephen Buckingham, of Norwalk, Conn., and is accounted to have been 
the most accomplished lady that had ever come to Norwalk. The stately 
grace of "Dame Buckingham" is still remembered in the traditions of 
the place. 

The Rev. Samuel Hooker died at Farmington November 6, 1697, and 
his widow, Mrs. Mary Willett Hooker, was married August 10, 1703, 
when sixty-seven years of age, to Rev. Thomas Buckingham, of Saybrook, 

Rev, Thomas Buckingham was the father of Rev. Stephen Bucking- 
ham, of Norwalk, and was a most noted man in his day. He was one of 
the founders of Yale College, and an ardent worker in the interests of the 
infant institution, Hfs memory is perpetuated at Saybrook by a fine 
monument over his grave which, I believe, was erected by the town of 

The Rev, Thomas Buckingham died at Saybrook April i, 1709, and 
his widow, Mrs, Mary Willett Hooker Buckingham, then seventy-four 
years old, came to Norwalk and took up her residence with the Rev, 
Stephen Buckingham, the son of her late husband, and the husband of 
her own daughter ; three years later — June 24, 171 2 — she died there, and 
was interred in the little burying-ground at East Norwalk, where the little 
slate stone, to which I have referred, is all that marks her last resting 
place, and even this will soon have vanished. 

The exact date of the death of Mrs, Sarah Hooker Buckingham, the 
wife of Rev. Stephen Buckingham — the " Dame Buckingham " of the an- 

1 88 7- J Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. nc 

nals of Norwalk — I do not know. Her will was recorded March 26, 1759, 
and it is probable that her death occurred about that time ; probably the 
records of the first church at Norwalk did contain the exact date, but un- 
fortunately these records were destroyed when the town was burned by the 
British during the Revolutionary War. No doubt she was buried by the 
side of her husband, and most probably in the space between the grave of 
Rev. Stephen Buckingham, her husband, and that of Mrs. Mary Buck- 
ingham, her mother. No stone marks this grave, and it is probable that 
none was ever set up at it. 

The utter disappearance and the loss of all record of this widow of 
Rev. Thomas Buckingham, after his death, have been a source of regret 
among her many descendants. 

She was the mother of all the Hookers who claim descent from Rev. 
Thomas Hooker, of Hartford, and of many other families through female 
branches. The finding of her grave now supplies a final chapter to her 
life history, while it fills a blank in very many family records, not only 
amoni; her descendants, but also in the family of her honored father, 
Thomas Willett, the first Mayor of the city of New York. 

CITY OF NEW YORK.— Baptisms. 

A° 1716. 

Sept : 16. 





(Continued from Vol. XVIII., p. 33, of The Record.) 


Isaac van D e u r s e, 

Annatje Waldron. 
Ste.phanus van Cort- 
.tant, Ca 1 1 al i n a 

Albartus Coenradus 

Bosch, Maria 

Abraham Vreden- 
, burg, Dorathe Col- 

Hendrik' Bras, Mar- 

grietje Helling. 
Hendrik Anthony, 

•Eva Visscher. 
Volkert Heermans, 

Margrietje E c k e - 

Corneliis R o m m e , 

Marytje Kierstede. 
Jan Brestede, Anna 

Maria Elseworth. 


Daniel. Abraham Van Deurse, S^ 

Sara Waldrom, Se^ 

Stephanus. • S t e v e De Lance, Marg- 
reta Bayard. 


Jesse de Lamontanje, Jo- 
hanna Jeadts. 

Fredrik Blaw, Helena 
Blaw, s. h. V. 

G e r r e t Bras, Orseltje 

Margrietje. Nicolaas Anthony, E 1 s j e 

Annatje. Thomas Montange, Eliza- 

beth Potter. 

Marytje. Johannes Romme, Teunt- 

je Tibout. 

Catharina. Symon Brestede, Catha- 
rina Van Laar. 



Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Nav York. [April, 


10. CorneliisLouw, Mar- Annatje. 


grietje Van B o r - 

Abraham van VIek, 

Maria Kip. 
14. Willem Rome, Sara 

21. Frans V;in D}>k, 

Resule Montras. 
Hendrik Vonck, Johannes. 

Catharina Hege- 


24. Gerret Keteltas, Catharina. 

Catharina van 

Hendrik Mercie, Willem. 

Christina Herjtiriks. 
28. Andries Tenyk, Bar- Andries. 

e n d i n a Harten- 

31, Johanties Hooglant, Adriaan. 

Se'', Jenneke An- 

B a r e n t Rej^nders, Alida. 

Hester Leyslar. 

Oct: 31. John Staft, Aeltje Aehje. 

Nov : II. George Errets, Fran- George, 
cyntje Van Pelt. 
Samson Lasay, Eliza- Abraham. 

beth Ewouts. 
Cornelus R apal je, Antje. 
Johanna Anthon- 
id us. 
14. Jacob Franse, Antje Dorathea. 

25, Thomas Smith, Sara Margrietje. 

Jan Welchs, D i n a Elizabeth. , 

J o c h e m Rcelofse, Annatje. 

Jannetje Lange. 
Willem Van de Wa- Annatje. 

ter, Aefje Ringo. 

30. Merynes Roelofse, Theunis. 
Dina Jedesse. 

Caspariis Pryer, Sara Pryntje. 


Hendrikus Vander Spie- 
gel, Geesje Vander 

Hans Kierstede, Sara 

Pouwlus Turk, Hester 
Magdalena. Gerret Bras, Immetje 

Joseph Hegeman, Catha- 
rina Filkens. 

Anthony Byvank, Teuntje 
Laning, s. h. v'. 

Willem Le Kount, Eliza- 
beth Nazareth. 

Abraham Tenyk, Neeltje 
Tenyk, li. v. van, Ja- 
cob Tenyk. 

Jaihes Renaiidet, Annatje 
Hooglant, Wed^ 

Andries Coeyemans, Alida 

C 1 a a s Romeyn, Stj'ntje 

, Romeyn. 
Jan Van Pelt Ju"", Mar)>tje 

Van Pelt. 
Abraham Lasay, Marytje 

Jan Rappalje, Sara Berge. 

Luykas Pieterse, Maria 

Barnardus Smith, Annatje 
Snjith, s. h. v. 

Cornelus Michiels^, Eliza- 
beth, s. h. v. 

Jan.Lathen, Ariaantje De 

Hendrik Van de W^ater, 
Baefje S i p k e n s , s : 

Huybert Vanden Berg, 
Teuntje Vanden Berg, 
Catherina Sharp. 

Abraham Bradjor, Eliza- 
beth Bradjor, s. h. v. 

1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church iti Keix) York. 



: 2. 



Johannes Turk, Antje Cornelus. 

Julian Witvelt, Maria Hendrik. 

Fredrik Willemse, Elizabeth. 

Maria Waldrom. 

18. Abraham L effe rs , 

Sara Hooglant. 
23. Theunis van Woert, 

Agnietje V a n d e r 

Abraham Van Gel- 

der, Callyntje Post, 




Davidt Provoost Ju"", 

Christina Pra. 
H a z li e 1 Mathyse, T'jatje. 

Marytje Ryke. 
Dec : 25. Jan Boogert, Antje Belitje. 

Pieter Van Ranst, Lukas. 

Sara Kierstede. 
Clevier Teller, Cor- Margareta. 

nelia de Peister. 
30. Jan Nagel, Magda- Jan. 

lena D3?^kman. 
Jacob Blom, jNIayke Elizabeth. 


A" 1717 
Jan: 9 

Martiniis C r i g i e r , Catharina. 

Margrietje Dalsen. 
Barent de Freest, Sara. 

Catlyntje Cerley. 
William Madex, Sii- William, 
sanna Bradjor. 
13. Jacob Coning, Ju', Maria. 
Ma)?ke Van Roen. 
Francis Silvester, Ytje Jenneke. 
20. Isaac Brat, Divertje Barent. 

27. Jan Cannon, Marytje Andries. 
Leg ran. 
Jan Harberding, Lea Ahasiierus. 

Johannes Janse, An- Johannes, 
na Lierse. 
30, Johannes Hennejon, Johannes. 
Margrietje Baley. 


Theiinis Kiiyper, Eliza- 
beth Kuyper. 

Victoor Bickers, Jiistina 
Witvelt, s. h. V. 

Philippus Van Borsiim, 
Catharina Boele, Isaac^ 
h. V. 

Pieter Leffers, Marretje 
Van Dyk. 

Rip Van' Dam Ji?, :\rar- 
retje Vander Spiegel 

Ahasiierus Elsewarth, Ma- 
ria V. Zelder, s. h. 

Johannes Kerfbvl, Marica 

Nicolaas INIathysse, Ma- 
rytje INIathysse. 

Claas Bogert, Neeltje 
Van Schaick. 

Gerret Van Ranst, Maria 

Isaac de Pe)>ster, Catha- 
rina Philips. 

Willem Waldrom, Johan- 
na Nagel, s. h. v'. 

Johannes Hardenbroeck, 
Saartje Hyer. 

Johannes Banker, Mar- 
retje Vander Heul. 

Theophiliis Pels, Sara de 

William Roseboom, Sara 

A r i e Coning, Marretje 

Gerret Hyer, Jannetje Bos. 

Wessel Wessels, Catha- 
rina Wessels. 

Cornelus Turk, Aeltje 

David Cosaar, Styntje 
Cosaar, s. h. v'. 

Cornel li s de P e y s t e r , 
Catharina Janse. 

Gerrardiis Comfordt, Ma- 
rytje Kool. 

78 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [April, 

A° 1717. 



Jan Van Beiiren, 


Marytje Myer. 


Feb: 6. 

Jacob Broiiwer, Pie- 
t e r n e 1 1 a Mon- 



Davidt Storm, Hester 


Abraham Riissel, Ma- 


ria Riissel. 


Feb : 13. 

Corneliis Willemse, 

Antje Olid 

Magtel Willemse. 

9 Jaar. 

Richard Giideredge, 


Margrietje Vander 


Thomas Robberds 


Ju"", Geesje Liewis. 


Anthony Li.e w i s, 
Jannetje Mariniis. 



Roelof Van Vleckere, 
Elizabeth Troiitjea. 


Anthony Ham, Eliz- 


abeth Meyer, 

Petriis Kip, Immetje 


Van Dyk. 

Maert 0. 

Willem Brestede, 
Christina B u - 



Nicolaas Someren- 
d y k , INIargrietje 



, Hendrikus Kermer, 
Jaquemyntje Rav- 


Abraham Van Hoorn, 


Maria Provoost. 

10. Willem Bennet, An- Jacob. 

natje Pra. 
13. John Ellen, Johanna Mattheus. 


24. Joseph Waldrom, Jacobus. 

Anna Woedert. 
27. Gerret Van Laar, Sara. 

Jannetje Stredels. 


Corneliis Timmer, Cor- 
nelia Timmer, s. h. v. 

Johannes Myer, Maria 
Kierstede, Elizabeth 

Johannes Montangie, 
Antje Pieters. 

Willem Hemmen, Hester 
Hemmen, s. h. v. 

Symon Krigier, Aaltje 

Abraham Mesier, Antje 
Van Couwenhove. 

Salomon de Boog, Eliza- 
beth Lyon. 

Thomas Liewis, Madjerey 

Thomas Nobel, Tryentje 
Nobel, s. h. v'. 

Gysbert Van Vleckere, 
Catherina Coil tang. 

Johannes Myer, Elizabeth 
Van Gelder. 

Johannes Wanshaar, Cor- 
nelia Van Varick, h. v.- 
Van Pieter t Eyk. 

Hendiikiis Brestede, An- 
tje Brestede. 

Theiinis Van Vegte, 
Antje Heermans. 

Bartholomeiis Schaats, 
Christina Schaats. 

Hendrikus Vander Spie- 
gel, Anneke Provoost, 
s. h. V. 

Jacob Bennet, Neeltje 
Bennet, s. h. v^ 

Corneliis Van Seysen, 
Catharina de Hart, s. 
h. V. 

Isaac B o e 1 e , Catharina 
Baele, s. h. v^ 

Adolphiis Hardenbroek, 
Sara Hardenbroek, 

1887.] Records of the Reformed Dulch Church in Ntw Fork. yq 

A° I717. OUDERS. 

31. Abraham de Lanoy, 
Jannetje Rome. 
Theophilus E 1 s e - 
warth, Johanna 
April 3. LourensKinne,Cath- 
arina Davids. 
Jan Men, Elizabeth 
Van Deiirse. 

April 3. 

James Renaiidet, Bel- 
itje Hooglant. 
10. Josaiah Ockdon, 
Tryntje Vander 
Jacob Salomonse, 
Elizabeth Dee. 
14. Johannes Van 
Deiirse, Jannetje 
~~^^Alexander F e n i x , 
Margrietje Com- 

21. Jacobus Bayard, Hil- 
legond de Kay, 

Jan Hyer, Jannetje 

Johannes Myer, Sara 
de Freest. 
May 12. Willem Giovoer, Mar- 
grietje Blom. 

Johannes Van Gel- 
d e r , J', Neeltje 

Anthony de Mill , 
Maria Provoost. 
15. Anthony Rutgers, 
Cornelia Roos. 

19. Aarnout Schermer- 

hoorn, Maria Beek- 

M i c h i e 1 Stevens, 

Reysetje Mol. 
Burger Sipken, Maria 

R o b e r d Vesgate, 

Francyntje Ral. 


Abraham. Willem Romen, Se'., An- 

netje Wessels. 
Willem. Willem Elsewarth, An- 

netje Hardenbroek. 

Willemyntje. Johannes Van de Water, 
Baefje Sippe, s. h. v. 

Catharina, Johannes Van Deurse, 
Sara Van Gelder. 

Jenneke. Anthony Byvank, Eliza- 
beth Hooglant. 

Catharina. Jan Narbilrey, Ariaantje 
Ver Plank. 

Willem. Willem Pieterse, Sara Van 

Pieter. Jacobus Kwik, Jenneke 


Anna. Mangel Janse, Anna Syn- 

Marytje. huysvrouw. 

Abraham Van V 1 e k , 

Marritje Kierstecie, h. v. 

V : Hans Kierstede. 
Theunis. Abraham Wendel, Helena 

de Kay, Wed^ 
Catharina. Gerret Hyer, Marytje 

Johannes. Hendrikus de Freest Els- 

je Duyking. 
Margrietje. Daniel Blom. Hester 

Blom, Wed^ 
Gelyn. James Bossie, Catharina 

Bossie, s. h. v. 

Elizabeth. Isaac Kip, S', Annetje 
Vanden Burg. 

Anthony. GertBoos, Catharina Riit- 

Harmanus. gers, Wcd^ Harmaniis 
Rutgers, Catharina Rut- 
gers, s. h. v^ 

Aeltje. Coll : Gerandiis Beek- 

man, Magdalena Beek- 
man, s. h. v. 

Johannes. Nicolaas Mathyse, INIaria 
Mathyse, s. h. v. 

Jan. Jan Hibon, Debora Sip- 


Elizabeth. Mathew Forbor, Catharina 
Forber, s. h. v. 

3o Records of the Reformed Dutch Church ift New York. [April, 

A° I717. OUDERS. 

22. Richard Candrey, 

INIaria Robberson. 
26. Tiieophiliis Pels, 

Elizabeth Gerretse. 
Johannes de Freest, 

Catharina Raver- 


May 26. 





July 3. 




Barent de Boog, 
Rachel Hoppe. 

Jacob Brat, Aefje 

Jan Van Voren Ju- 
dith Slot. 

Gerret Schuyler, Aeg- 
je de Groof. 

Jhon Stout, Abigael 

Thomas Sickels, Jan- 
netje Brevoort. 

Stephanus Boeken- 
h o ve, Annatje 

Jacob Goelet Ju"", 
Catharina Boele. 

Davidt Kermer, De- 
bora Berrie. 

Isaac Kip, Ju', An- 
na Van Noorstrant. 

Poiawlus Hoppe, 
Marretje Quacken- 

Charles Slead, Antje 
Van yorst. 

ThoiTi^s Pouwell, 
Jannetje Waldrom. 

Walter Hyer, Annatje 

Pieter Anient, Eliza- 
beth Van Thien- 

Gerret de Graw, 
Dorathe Hyer. 

Jan Wilkes, Mar- 
grietje Doiiw. 

Cornelus Miserol, 
Jannetje Hooms. 

Philip Schuyler, An- 
na Elizabeth 


Johannes. Hendrik Kool, Maria 

Johannes. Barent de Freest, Jaqiie- 

myntje Van Norden. 
Elizabeth. Rip Van Dam, Ju', Maria 

de Freest, Ju'. 

Annatje. Salomon De Boog, Antje 
de Boog, s. h. V. 

Jacob. Abraham Splinter, Geertje 


Thomas. Johannes Elsewarth, Su- 
sanna Pamerton. 

Johanna Abraham Serdyn, Pieter 
Gotida. de Groof, Goiida Ser- 

dyn, Janneke de Groof. 

Benjamin. Harman Stout, Maria 

Annetje. Abraham Van Deiirse, Se', 

Anna Sickels, syn h. v. 

Annatje. Isaac Van Hoek, Neeltje 

Pieterse, s. h. v. 

Jannetje. Jacob Boele, Jannetje 

Elizabeth. Samuel Berrie, Aefje Ber- 
rie, s. ziister. 

Isaac. Isaac Kip, Se"", Saratje 

Kip, s : \f. v^ 

Marytje. Mathys Hoppe, Claasje 


Charles. Johannes Van V o r s t , 

' Saartje Tenyk. 

Marytje. Pieter Stoutenburg, Neeltje 

Stoutenbiirg, s : moeder. 
Willem. Fredrik Willemse, Saartje 

Jannetje. Cornelus Van Thien- 

hove, Geertury Hibon. 

Johannes. Victoor Hyer, Jannetje 

Margrietje. Pieter Jacobse, Rej^merig 

Cornelus. Samuel Kip, Elizabeth 

Brant. Oloff Schuyler, Catharina 

Staats, Wed, Van Sa" 


1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York, gi 

Jiily 21. 



Aug : 4. 

1 1. 



A° I717. OUDERS. 

Davidt Cosaar, Stynt- 
je Joris. 

Willem Waldrom, 
Johanna Nagel. 

Jan Valent}>n, INIa- 
rytje Van Galen. 

Corneliis liirk, Eliz- 
abeth Van Schaik. 

Samson Benson, J', 
Marytje Boke. 

Michiel Vaiighton, 
Catharina Donnel- 

Nathan Daly, Saart- 

Willem Vredenbiirg-, 
Cantharina Schot. 

Wil.lem Thiele, Sara 
de Puw. 

Christiaan Haitraan, 
Sara Transan. 

Hendrik Shedwel, 
Catharina Bras. 

Gererdus Com ford, 
Catharina Henne- 

Charles Philips, JNIa- 
rytje ten Broek. 

Hendrik K u y 1 e r , 
Maria Jacobz. 

Mathew Low, Eliz- 
abeth Blom. 

Hendrik Franse, An- 
na Maria Sipkens. 

John Hickford, Ma- 
ria Vander Clyf. 

Benj'amin Quacken- 
bbs, Ciaasje Web- 

Hendrik V o n k , 
Catharina Hege- 

Hans Rudolph Her- 
ly, Barbara Reetly. 

Anthony Tivanny, 
Marytje Hibon. 

W e s s e 1 We.sselse, 
Rachel Van Im- 


Sept : I. 


Sept : 29. 


Frans. Jacob Goelet, Catharina 

Boele, s. h. v. 

Debora. Samuel Waldrom, Dcbora 

Jacobus. Jan Willekes, INIargrietje 

Hendrik. Johannes de Graaf, Antje 

Tanneke. Hendrik lis Bensen, Tan- 

neke Boke, Ju"". 
Johannes. Steve Richard, Susanna 

de Kleyn. 

Abraham. Henry Kool, Magdalena 

Jannetje. Pieter Van Velse, Jan- 
netje Jooste. 

Johannes. Jan d e Lamontangne, 
Elizabeth Lamontagne. 

Sara. Johannes Poiiwelse, Eliz- 

abeth Trembu. 

Margrietje. Hendrik Bras, Gerret 
Bras, Metje Bras. 

Catharina. Jacobus Boke, Jannetje 

Hendrik. Symon Brestede, Tr3>ntje 

Jacobus. John Lamontagne, Hel- 

ena Coeper. 

Elizabeth. Daniel Blom, Joost 
Lynse, Hester Blom. 

Elsje. Johannes Van de Water, 

Maria Leanerd. 

Geeselina. Andries Hardenbroek, 
Margrietje Vander Clyf. 

Reynier. Jan Langed)>k, Antje 


Johannes. Barent Stryker, Elizabeth 

Anna Eliz- Bartel Miller, Anna ]\Lar- 

abeth. griet Li nee. 

Johannes. Barent Hibon, Sara Hi- 
bon, s. h^ v^ 

Louwerens. Loilwerens Wessels, Aaltje 

Records of the Reformed Dulch Church in New York. [April, 

\° I7I7 



Oct : 2. 

Hendrik. Brevoort, 
Jaquemy ntj e 



Davidt de Voor, Jan- 


netje IMontanje. 
Anthony Byvank, 
Teuntje Laningh. 


Hendrik lis Coerte, 


Elizabeth de Rie- 



Robberd Koker, Anna 


Evert Aartse, Wynt- 


je Devoe. 

A n d r i e s Brestede, 


Debora Wessels. 


Johannes Hooglant, 
Ju', C a t h a r i n a 


Jacobus Rosevelt, 


Catharina Harden- 


Frans Garb ran tz, 


Elizabeth Wes- 



Samuel Shahaan, 
Meeltje Coysn. 



Jan Anderson, Ju- 
dith Woutorse. 


Pieter Coiisje, Abi- 

gael de Piie. 
Anthony Caar, An- 



netje Hiiyke. 
Thomas Nobel, 
Catharina Marin- 


Johannes Bant, Wil- 


lemyntje Philips. 
Abraham Wendel, 


Catharina de Key. 
Charles L e r u x , 


Catharina B e e k - 



Octo : 30. 

Elyse Bird, Catha- 
rina Ringo. 


David Mandeviel, 


Jannetje Woerten- 


Elias Brevoort, Catharina 

Johannes de Voor, Re- 

becka Montanje. 
Anthony Kip, Helena 

Thomas Comberling, 

Aaltje de Riemer. 

Hendrik Bras, Susanna 

Nicolaas Devoe, Catha- 
rina Devoe. 

Johannes Brestede, Antje 

Johannes Hoog'ant, S*", 
Annatje Hooglant, 
Wed: Van Andries 

Nicolaas Rosevelt, Hilletje 
Rosevelt, s : h : v'. 

Cornelus Fleming, 
netje Romen. 


Thomas Thomasse, Matje 
GoUaar, h. v. van, Jan 
Van Dyk. 

Nathaniel Brouwn, Eliza- 
beth Broiiwn. 

Willem Thiel, S a ra d e 

Willem Van Diiyn, Jaque- 
myntje Van Duyn. 

Potiwlus Richard, Neeltje 

Filip Van Cortlant, Eliza- 
beth de Peyster. 

John de Key, Helena de 

John Leroiix, Geertruy 

Willem Van d e Water, 
Aefje Ringo, s : h^ v'. 

Elias Elles, Jenneke Peers, 
s : h : v^ 

iSSj. ] Some Remarks on the Artns of Livhigston of Nav York. g-j 

A° 1 71 7. OUOERS. KINDERS. 

Johannes A a r t s e, Maria. 
Maria Mershal. 

Nov : 6. Anthony White, An- Anthony, 
na Staats. 

10. Ewout Ewoiitse, Sa- Maria, 
ra Tieboiit. 
Jacob Massing, Cor- Gerret. 
nelia Dyl^man. 
17. Johannes Van Cou- Elizabeth, 
wenhove, Rachel 
24. Karste Burger, Sara Harmanus. 
Johannes, Elseworth, Maria. 
Sara Blakwell. 
29. JeamesLee, Justina Catharina. 
ArieKoning, Rachel Johanna. 

Cornelus Van Tien- Sara. 
h o V e . Geertrily 


Johannes Van Deurse, 
Jannetje Van Deurse, 
s : h : V. 

Isaac Gouverneur, Catha- 
rina Staats, Wed : Van 
Sameul Staats. 

Theunis Tieboiit, Eliza- 
beth Ewoiitse. 

Gerret Hassing, Elizabeth 

Pieter Van Coiiwenhove, 
Tryntje Van Couvven- 

Fredrik Willemse, Cor- 
nelia de Freest. 

Ahasiieriis Elseworth, Ma- 
ria Elseworth. 

Albartiis Coenrad us Bosch. 
Maria Bosch, s. h. v. 

Abraham Koning, Susan- 
na Koning. 

Barent Hibon, Sara Hi- 
bon, s : h : v'. 


By Brockholst Livingston. 

In the interesting review of Mr. Vermont's America Heraldica, printed 
in the January number of the Record, I notice that the arms of Living- 
ston as given in that work are not considered satisfactory, and I can fully 
endorse the reviewer's remarks as to the saw/^/ quarter, if it is the one com- 
monly borne by most of the New York, Livingstons. ]\Ir. Vermont, how- 
ever, can hardly be blamed for perpetuating an error which has been in ex- 
istence for close on two centuries, and which has been regarded, by success- 
ive generations of that family, as part of their coat-of-arms without question. 

The origin of the quarter complained of appears to have been as 
follows : In the vear 1698, Robert Livingston, the first Lord of the Manor 
of Livingston, wrote to his brother William, then residing in Edinburgh, 
to procure for him the necessary papers to prove that he was a native of 
Scotland, so as to be in a position to refute the charge of alienism brought 
against him by his political opponents in New York on account of his 
Dutch training, owing to his having spent his early years at Rotterdam 
with his father, the Rev. John Livingston. The result of his brother's 

84. Soffie Re7)iarks on the Arms of Livingston of New York. [April, 

inquiries are contained in a letter, dated "Edinburgh, 13th December, 
1698," which is too long to print here, but is given in full in Sedgwick's 
Memoirs of William Livingston, pages 32 et seq. This letter contains 
several errors, genealogical as well as heraldic. It is only the latter, how- 
ever, that need be commented on here. The following is the blazon of 
the arms as given in this letter. "Quarterly, ist and 4th, Argent, three 
gilliflowers Gules, slipped proper within a double tressure double flory, 
the name of Livingston ; 2nd, quartered first and last Gules, a chifron 
Argent, a rose between two lyons counter-rampant of the field ; 2nd 
and 3d, Argent, three martlets Gules, the name of Hepburn of Waugh- 
teron ; 3d quarter Sable, a bend between six billets Or, the name of 
Callendar. " 

'1 he second quarter, said to be the arms of " Hepburn of Waugh- 
teron " (Waughton) apparently was wrongfully quartered with those of 
Livingston and Callendar by the person who supplied Mr. William Liv- 
ingston with the blazon of his family arms, under the belief that his (Will- 
iam's) great-great-grandfather, whose Christian name has not yet been 
discovered, though called Robert in this letier, had married a daughter 
of this family.* Of this marriage there is no proof, and even if it had 
taken place, there is no reason why this particular quarter should have 
been added, when his ancestors had contracted alliances with Scottish 
families even nobler than that of the House of Bothwell ! It is strange, 
however, that neither of the brothers knew their correct coat-of-arms ; for 
seals are still in existence, bearing the arms of their father, the well-known 
Covenanting minister, the Rev. John Livingston of Ancrum, who was 
banished to Holland for non-conformity, in i662,f and who died in exile 

* The only marriage that I know of between a Livington and a Hepburn is that of 
William, third (not fourth as slated in the Scottish P--erages of Douglas) Lord 
Livingston, to Agnes Hepburn, said to have been a daughter of Adam, second Lord 
Hailes, ancestor of ihe notorious James, Earl of Botliwell, but who appears to have 
been, in fact, that daughter of Alexander Hepburn of Whitsome, whose fatlier was a 
younger l)rother of Patrick, First Lord Hailes. This Lord Livingston, however, can- 
not be identified with the so-called Robert, mentioned above, who is said to have 
fallen at Pinkiefield, which battle was fought over thirty years after the death of Will- 
iam, tiurd Lord Livingston. 

]n reatling over again the letter of William Livingston of Edinburgh to his 
brother Robert, of New York, I find I have misread the passage, owing to its ob- 
scurity, relating to the Hepburn marriage ; for the writer evidently intends to convey 
the meaning that " William, the fourth [third] Lord Livingston," was married to the 
daughter of Sir Patrick Hepburn, of Waughieron [?], while I, at first, thought his 
presumed son Robert was the person alluded to. This, however, only strengthens 
my argument against the augmentation of the family arms by the addition of the 
second [Hepburn] cjuarter; for there is no reason to suppose that Agnes Hepburn, the 
wife of William, third Lord Livingston, was an heiress ; while the kno'cvn issue of this 
marriage, Alexander, fourth Lord Livingston, never dreamt of quartering his mother's 
arms with those of his father. Though the peerages do not mention the fact, 1 have 
discovered, during my researches into my family history, that Lady Livingston, nee 
Hepburn, about the year 1513, obtained from the ecclesiastical court of St. Andrews 
a decree of divorce against her husband on account of " dictus dominus WiJlelmus 
quandam mulierem nimcupatam Mariotam Tabzoure carnaliter cognovit et prolem 
ex eadem procreavit." Vide Liber Officialis Bancli Aiidree. MS. in H. ^L Register 
House, Edinburgh. E. B. L. 

f Why Mr. Schuyler in his interesting work. Colonial jVew York, should say, that 
the Rev. John Livingston " had found it expedient to seek asylum in Holland, not 
because of his religion, but for political reasons" {vide vol. i, page 243), I know not, 
for it is a matter of history that he was banished by order of the Scottish Privy Coun- 
cil for non-conformity in matters of religion. 

1887.] Some Remarks on the Artjis 0/ Living sion of New York. gc 

at Rotterdam, in 1672 ; and of their grandfather, the Rev. William 
Livingston of Monyabroch (Kilsyth). Descriptions of both these seals 
are to be found in ^Mr. Henry Laing's valuable catalogues of Scottish 
seals, which contain also descriptions of numerous others of the various 
branches of the Scottish Livingstons.* 

That of William Livingston, rector of Monyabroch, No. 653 in this 
Supplemental Descriptive Catalogue 0/ Ancient Scottish Seals is quarterly: 
Livingston and Callendar ; first and fourth, three cinquefoils within a 
single [.' double] f tressure, fleury and ccunterfleury, for Livingston ; 
second and third, a bend between six billets, for Callendar. Foliage at 
the top and sides of the shield. The legend round the seal reads "S. M. 
Guli, Livingstown Rec. De Monb. " The seal from which Mr. Laing 
obtained his cast is attached to a charter dated a. d. 1609. 

The seal of his son, the Rev. John Livingston (No. 649 in same cata- 
logue), bears the same arms quarterly but with the double tressure engraved 
correctly, and is taken from a vignette attached to a letter to the Earl of 
Lothian, dated 29th July, 1648. Above the shield on this latter seal 
there are four Hebrew characters, supposed to stand for " Ebenezer. " 

The above seals are sufficient proof that the owners were cadets of the 
House of Callendar, and thus nearly related to the old Lord Livingston 
of Callendar whose armorial bearings they bore. | 'I'hese arms are there- 
fore the proper ones to be borne by the descendants of Robert Livingston 
of New York, and not those as given by Mr, Vermont. It may be worth 
mentioning that in all the old seals I have examined cinquefoils are used, 
not gillyflowers, which latter appear only to have been substituted, in some 
case-, by later heralds. In Sir David Lyndsay's beautiful heraldic manu- 
script, executed in 1542, the arms of*' Levyngstown, Lord of Callendar, " 
are drawn correctly as, First and Fourth, Argent, Three Cinquefoils, 
Gules, with a double tressure, fleurv and counterfleury, Vert, for Living- 
ston; Second and Third, Sable, a bend between six billets. Or, for Callen- 
dar: but in an older MS., the work of a French herald — The ArmoricB 
de Berry — now in the possession of the Bibliotheque Nationale de France 
at Paris, § there are some curious variations on the above, probably due 
to the author's ignorance of Scottish heraldry, namely : the tressure in the 
Livingston quarter is azure instead of vert, while the billets in the Callen- 
dar quarter are placed in a band across the shield, three deep, sable, or 
and sable alternately. 

Before closing these remarks, it may be as well to devote a few lines to 

* I have sulphur casts of several of these seals before me while I am writing these 

f Probably the single tressure in this shield was caused through a blunder on the 
part of the engraver. 

X The pedigree, as given in the MS. copy of the Rev. John Livingston's Autobi- 
ography in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgli, is as follows : " My father was Mr. 
William Livingston first minister at Monyabroch, where he entered in the year 1600, 
and thereafter was transported about the year 1614 to be minister at Lanark, where 
he died in the year 1641 being 65 years old; his father was Mr. Alexander Livingston, 
minister also at Monyabroch, who was in near relation to the house of Callendar, his 
father who was killed, Pinkiefield, Anno 1547, being a son of the Lord Livingston, 
which house thereafter was dignified to be Earles of Livingston," etc. 

§ A fac-simile of this MS. is given in Stoddart's Scottish Anns. The original 
was executed between the years 1450 and 1455. 

36 Some Remarks on the Arms of Livingston of New York. [Apiil, 

the family crest, which, unlike the quartered arms of Livingston and Cal- 
lendar, which are the same to-day as they were blazoned over five cen- 
turies ago* on the shields of their knightly owners, has gone through a 
Darwinian system of evolution before appearing in its present form — the 
well-known demi-savage wreathed round the head and middle, with laurel 
leaves, holding in his dexter hand a club erect, and in his sinister a ser- 
pent entwined round the arm. The earliest Livingston seals, unfortu- 
natelv, only give the shield without the crest, which first appears above 
the arms of Sir James Livingston of Callendar, Captain of Stirling Cas- 
tle, in the reign of James IL, eldest son of the celebrated Sir Alexander 
Livingston of Callendar, "Governor of the King's Person" during that 
monarch's minority. The crest on this seal, which is beautifully en- 
graved, and attached to a deed dated in the year 1445, is on a helmet, two 
serpents nowed, namely, twisted. This crest was also borne by other 
branches of the Livingston family, such as Ililoyth, etc. ; these two 
snakes appear on the seals of the Lords of Callendar — the above Sir James 
Livingston was made a " Lord of Parliament " by James IIL, previous to 
the year 1458 — until as late as the middle of the sixteenth-century, when 
they disappeared in that form from the family arms. The last seal in 
Laing's collections bearing this crest is that of William, fifth Lord Living- 
ston, the firm adherent of Mary Queen of Scots, where it differs slightly from 
the one mentioned above, being "two demi-snakes embowed ; " vide 
Descriptive Catalogue, No. 539, date a. d. 1556. Thirty-six years later 
this same nobleman had adopted as his crest "a demi-savage, holding 
with both hands a club sinister bendwise in front ; " vide Supplemental 
Catalogue, No. 651. When the present form of crest was first adopted 
I know not, but it only needed a slight alteration in the holding of the 
club, and the retention of one of the original snakes, to complete the evo- 
lution. The two savage supporters first make their appearance on the 
seal of James, second Lord Livingston, a.d. 1499, and these probably 
led to the adoption of the demi-savage as a crest in lieu of the two 

The American Livingstons have, in many instances, given up the 
familiar savage for either a "ship in distress, "as adopted by the first 
Lord of the INIanor in commemoration of his escape from shipwreck when 
on a voyage to England in 1694, when he also changed the motto from 
the familiar Si Je Puis to Spero Meliora ; or a " ship under full sail," as 
so altered by his grandson, William Livingston, first Governor of the 
State of New Jersey, who also changed the motto into Aut Mors aut Vita 
Decora. When the latter was first elected in August, 1776, to fill the re- 
sponsible post of governor under the new Constitution of the State of New 
Jersey, there had been no time to obtain a State seal, therefore "it was 
resolved that the seal of arms of his Excellency, William Livingston, 
should be deemed, taken and used as the great seal of the State uniil 
another cou'd be procured," f A strange, and perhaps unique, vicissitude 

* Sir William Livingston, first of the house of Callendar, had these lands granted 
him by King David II., circa 1350, which had been forfeited by the former owner, 
who had espoused the cause of Baliol. Livingston, to secure liis title still further, 
married the only daughter and heiress of Sir Patrick de Callendar, and hence the 
adoption of the Callendar quarter. 

f Elmer's Ri'iitiniscciices of Nezv Jersey, p. 63. 

1887.] Genealogical Sketch 0/ /he Family of Enoch Crosby. gy 

in the history of heraldry that the arms of a private individual should be 
used for those of a free and independent commonwealth ! 

The origin of the old family motto — Si Je Puis — I have been unable 
to trace. It was, however, used by the chiefs of the House of Livingston, 
the attainted Earls of Linlithgow, as well as by another titled branch of 
the familv, that of the Earls of Newburgh, which title has within recent 
years passed into the family of an Italian prince ! I trust that I have 
been successful, though a novice to the science of heraldry, in proving that 
the correct arms of the New York Livingstons are the quartered arms of 
Livingston and Callendar only, without the objectionable second quarter 
complained of by the reviewer of America Heraldica ; and surely it 
ought to be a matter of pride to the members of this family on the other 
side of the Atlantic, that their right to bear arms that date back to the 
middle of the fourteenth century and have figured in the history of Scot- 
land is so unquestionable ! 

E. Brockholst Livingston, 

F. S. A, Scotland. 
London, England, i^Jan.^ 1887. 



By Mr. William S. Pelletreau. 

Between, the years 1740 and 1755 qi^'ite an extensive colony of 
families from Cape Cod settled in the eastern part of what is now Put- 
nam County, N. Y. Among these settlers was*Thomas Crosby, who 
came from Barnstable County, Mass., in 1753, and settled on a farm in 
the present village of Carmel. The Drew Female Seminary and the 
old Gilead Burying-Ground are on this farm. The fact that the father 
of Enoch Crosby " from a state of comparative affluence became sud- 
denly reduced to poverty "* may be thus explained. Many of the first 
settlers took up farms under title from the Indians, and did not recog- 
nize the claims of the Philipse family, who were the owners of the 
patent granted to Adolph Philipse in 1697. Such settlers were after- 
ward ejected from their farms, and Thomas Crosby was probably one 
of them. In 1766 this same farm was granted by a perpetual lease 
by Frederick Philipse to James Uickerson, and it is described as " for- 
merly in possession of Thomas Crosby." Mr. Crosby was living here 
in 1756 when Rev. Ebenezer Knibloe was ordained minister of the 
" West Society of Phillips," and Mr. Knibloe made his home at his 

The date of Thomas Crosby's death is unknown. A tombstone in the 

* See the Spv Unmasked, by Capt. Barnum, in which the adventures of Enoch 
Crosby are narrated as taken from his own lips. This work has within the past year 
(1886) been republished by the editor of the Fishkill Spy, first in that paper, subse- 
quently in pamphlet form. 

88 Genealogical Sketch of the Family of Enoch Crosby. [April, 

old Gilead burying-ground records the decease of " Elizabeth, widow 
of Thomas Crosby, Aug. 6, 1801, aged 92 years." 
Thomas Crosby was the father of four children. 

I. Benjamin, born at Cape Cod in 1744. He had wife, Rachel (born 
1748 and died July 22, 1797) ; their children were Rachel, Sarah, Ben- 
jamin (all of whom died young) ; Hannah, who was the first wife of Dr. 
Robert Weeks, of Carmel, and died July 18, 1795, aged 29 ; Edward, a 
lawyer of Norfolk, Conn., and Enos, a physician, who went South. 
Benjamin Crosby, the father of this family, lived on a farm in West 
Somers, at what is now known as Baldwin Place, on the New York and 
Northern Railroad. He died July 22, 1797, and was buried with other 
members of his family, in the cemetery by the Presbyterian Church at 
Red Mills, in the town of Carmel. 

II. Thomas, who moved to Delaware County, N. Y. He had a 
large family, the last survivor of which was Benjamin Crosby, of Greene 
County. There are many descendants of this family on the west shore 
of Hudson's river. 

III. Elizabeth, who married Capt. Solomon Hopkins. It was at her 
house that her brother, Enoch Crosby, the " spy," was attacked by Tories 
and nearly killed. She died Jan. 6, 1804, aged 69, and rests with her 
husband in the old Gilead burying-ground in Carmel. 

IV. Enoch, the original of " Harvey Birch," the hero of Cooper's 
Sp}\ and the story of whose adventures has been read with eagerness 
by thousands. He was born in Barnstable County, Mass., in 1750, and 
came with his father to the present town of Carmel in 1753. He mar- 
ried (i) Sarah Knififin, widow of Ephraim Nickerson (born Jan. 14, 
1755, niarried 1785, died Sept. 11, 181 1). Their childien were : 

I. Betsy, born March 5, 1786, died Oct. 15, 1806 ; 2. Sarah, born Oct. 
22, 1787, died July 28, 1880 ; 3. Lewis, born April 24, 1790, died April 
3, 1836; 4. Rebecca, born March 25, 1793, died March 17, 1813 ; 5. Enoch, 
jr., March 14, 1796, died Feb. 7, 1836 ; 6. Hannah, wife of Philips Run- 
dell, born Oct. 10, 1799, died, April 16, 1871. 

After the decease of his first wife, Enoch Crosby married (2) Margaret, 
widow of Col. Benjamin Green. She died March 22, 1825, aged 64 
years, 3 months, 20 days, and was buried by the side of her first hus- 
band, in the cemetery by the Methodist Church in Somers.* The 
tombstone of Enoch Crosby in the Gilead burying-ground bears this 
inscription : 

"In memory of ] Enoch Crosby | who died | June 26 1835 j aged 
85 years | 5 months and 21 days." All of his family except Enoch, jr., 
have their last resting places near his own. 

The home of Enoch Crosby was a farm in the town of Southeast, in 
Putnam County, N. Y., and is on the west side of the Croton reservoir 
by the Tilly Foster iron mine. He left it to his eldest son, Lewis Cros- 
by, whose heirs sold it to Reuben Kirkham, the present owner. The 
old house was torn down and the present mansion stands on the 
site of the dwelling of " Harvey Birch." 

Lewis Crosby married Cornelia, daughter of Joseph Crane, and sis- 
ter of Judge Azor B. Crane, of Carmel. Their children were. Dr. Ed- 
ward Crosby, now living at Mount Vernon, Westchester County ; Joseph, 

* Bolton's Hist. Westchester Co., A'. V. 

18S7. ] Genealogical Sketch of the Family of Enoch C^osly. gg 

who died in 1869, aged 54 ; Ira, now living in Florida ; Benjamin, who 
lived in New Canaan, Conn., died in March, 1886, and rests in Ray- 
mond Cemetery, Carmel ; Charles, deceased ; Henry, now living at Jef- 
ferson Valley, Westchester County ; and Zilla. who died in 1863. aged 46. 

The only one of these who have offspring living is Henry Crosby, 
who has a son Eugene and other children. 

Enoch Crosby, jr., lived near Sing Sing. For many years he ran a 
line of stages from New York to Albany, well known in former times as 
the " Red Bird " line. He married Calista, daughter of Hackaliah Bailey 
(who owned the first elephant in the United States). She was born 
Dec. 31, 1791, married Nov. 30, 1819, died Nov. 21, 1879. Their chil- 
dren were: i. Mary, born Sept. 15, 1820, died Oct. i, 1836; 2. Stephen, 
born Oct. 22, 1824 ; he lived on the farm near Sing Sing, and was killed by 
the fall of the limb of a tree June 11, 1878. He married, August 
25, 1847, Araminta Tompkins (born ]\iarch 28, 1825, died June 18, 
1875), and had three children : Mary A., wife of Theodore Mellows, of 
Sing Sing; Fannie (deceased); and James B., born March 17, 1855, 
who married Florence McDermott, Sept. 24, 1878, and has children, 
James B., jr., Frank M., and Florence. 

It is well known that Cooper never knew Enoch Crosby. The facts 
which were the foundation of his famous novel were learned from John 
Jay, who did not disclose the name of the actor, probably from the fact 
that the animosities of the Revolution were not then wholly extinguished; 
but that Crosby was the hero, admits of no doubt. While acting as a 
spy under the direction of the Committee of Safety, it was their policy 
to have him taken prisoner, with the Tories whose capture he had 
planned, and then to connive at his escape. The following letter, lately 
discovered, with other Revolutionary papers, at Kingston, tells its own 
story : 

"Dear Sir. I had almost forgot to give you directions to give our 
friend an opportunity to escape. Upon our plan you will take him 
prisoner with this partie you are now watching for. His name is Enoch 
Crosby, alias John Bro«n. I could wish that he may escape before 
you bring him two -miles on your way to the Committee. You will be 
pleased to advise with Messrs. Comwell and Captain Clark on this subject 
and form such plan of conduct as your wisdom may direct, but by no 
means neglect this friend of ours. 

'' I am, sir, your humble ser\-ant, 


"FiSHKILL, fan. 7. 1777. 

" To Capt. G.\-\sbeck, from Nathaniel Sackett, Member of Convention." 

I^fR. Charles Est.\brook, of Newbui^h. N. Y., desires informalion about tne 
branch of the family of Sands which moved from Long Island to Pennsylvania, in 1736. 
John, son of James' and Marj- Sands, bom in 1710. went with his brother Abijah to 

Pennsylvania in that vear. The former married Calheiine .and had issue, 

Samue'l, John James, Joseph. Daniel, Othneil, Mary, and Elizabeth. The latter mar- 
ried -" Wariiig and had two children. What is especially wanted is the full names 

of the wives, and the dates of the birth? of the children and their descendants. 

QO Obituary. [April, 


Andrew Kirkpatrtck Cogswell, of New Brunswick, N. J., died on Sunday, 
February 13, after an illness of several months, at the age of forty-seven years. He 
was the only son of the late Rev. Dr. Cogswell by his intermarriage with a daughter 
of Chief Justice Kirkpatrick. He was born at East Windsor, Conn., May 25, 1839. 
He was a graduate of Rutgers College in i860, and of the Law School of Columbia 
College. He was admitted to the bar in New York and New Jersey, and practised 
his profession with success and reputation. Mr. Cogswell was twice married. His 
first wife was Mary, daughter of John C. Van Renssalaer, and his second, Virginia, 
daughter of the Hon. J. H. C. Latrobe, of Baltimore. He leaves two sons surviving 
him, one l)y each marriage. Mr. Cogswell was appointed in 1879, by Governor Mc- 
Clellan, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Middlesex County, N. J., a position 
which had been at one time held by his great-grandfather, Col. John IJayard. He 
retired in 1885. 

Judge Cogswell was descended, on his father's side, from John Cogswell, who 
settled in Ipswich, Mass., in 1635 ; and, on his mother's, from Madam Bayard, the 
sister of Governor Stuyvesant, who landed in New York in 1647. He was the only 
brother of Mrs. James Grant Wilson, of this city. 

Funeral services were held at his house in Bayard Street on Tuesday, February 
15, by the Rev. Drs. Campbell and Doolittle, the latter of wliom had been his class- 
mate in college. The remains were laid in the family vault in the New Brunswick 


New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. — A regular meeting of 
the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society was held on Friday evening, 
December 24, 1886, President Wilson in the chair. The minutes of the last meeting 
were read and approved, and the list of recent accessions to the library reported. On 
motion of Dr. Holcomb, seconded by Dr. Eliot, the President and Secretary were 
instructed to write a letter of condolence to the New England Historic-Genealogical 
Society on the death of its President, Marshall Pinckney Wilder. 

Dr. Holcomb exhibited a framed genealogical tablet of the Bush family, done in 
pen and ink by Dr. John Bush in 1813 ; Mr. Moore gave a very interesting account 
of some early American almanacs; and Dr. Purple showed the Society a curious old 
book, bound by George Fox and Peter Easton, containing a collection of Quaker 
tracts. On motion, the Soci<;ty adjourned. 

The annual meeting of the Society was held on Friday evening, January 14, 1887. 
After the routine business, the report of the Committee on Biographical Bibliography 
and the election to membership of Dr. Raymond V. R. Schramm. Capt. Daniel Ap- 
pleton, and Mr. William W. Appleton, the Society proceeded to the election of three 
trustees to serve for the ensuing three years in place of those whose tenns liad expired. 
The balloting resulted in the choice of Mr. Charles B. Moore, Mr. Samuel Burhans, 
Jr., and Mr. Edmund Abdy Hurry. Gen. James Grant W^ilson then delivered an 
address on " Richard Henry Dana." After some remarks by Mr. E. F. De Lancey 
and Mr. Charles B. Moore, the Society adjourned. 

A regular meeting of the Society was held Friday evening, January 28, 1887, Vice- 
President Eliot in the chair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 
The Librarian reported the list of recent accessions. Mr. Morey Hale Barton then 
read a paper entitled "The Crusaders." It was an exceedingly scholarly and in- 
structive essay, and was listened to with the closest attention. At its conclusion a 
vote of thanks was tendered to Mr. Barton, and a copy of his paper was requested for 
publication in the Record. On motion, the Society adjourned. 

At the regular meeting held Friday evening, February 11, 1S87, the usual routine 
business was transacted. 

Mr. C. W. Opdyke, 20 Nassau Street, New York, proposes pitblishing in a few 

iSSj. ] Notes and Queries. 


months a Genealogy of the Descendants of Gysbert^Opdyck, including all the Opdykes 
and Updikes in the United States, with autotypes of the old family wills and home- 
steads in Rhode Island and New Jersey. By researches at Wesel he has traced back 
the family there to 1323, and possibly to 11 70. 

John De Witt married Ann Harris (or Herris) at New York, November 24, 
1744. Their children were Catharine, Johannes, William, Gertruyd, and Ann. His 
will, dated July 14, 1781, and proved August 9, 1781, speaks of him as "late of New 
York Island, but now of Poughkeepsie Precinct, Dutchess County, Farmer." 

^Vhere was this John De Witt Ijorn, and what were the names of his father and 
mother ? T. G. E. 

Old New Amsterdam and New York history records three persons of the name 
of Thomas Willett. The earliest appears in the mention of " the widow of Thomas 
Willett, in 1647," of whom we have met with no other notice. The second records 
the purchase of some lots on the river front, belonging to Thomas Willett, by 
Thomas Hall, in 1649. This one was, undoubtedly, the first English Mayor of New 
York, a former merchant and much honored citizen of Plymouth colony in New 
England, who early had property in this city. In 1664, he was, when residing there, 
strongly lecommended to Governor Richard NicoUs for the Mayoralty of New York 
after its capitulation to the English, as " a very worthy gentleman, and better ac- 
quainted with the Dutch language, manners, and usages, than any other man in the 
country." Hence, and also' to conciliate the Dutch inhabitants of New York, Cap- 
tain Willett was appointed to the office, viz., in 1665, and served two years, being 
succeeded by Captain Lavalle. He had important official commissions thereafter 
here, until his return to New Plymouth, where he died in 1674. His tombstone, and 
that of his wife, are still to be seen, in an obscure burying-ground in the town of 
East Providence, R. I., with the inscriptions quite legible, yet the stones are beginning 
to ciTimble. Should not New York place a suitable monument over his dust ? 

The third person of this name in our annals is spoken of as one of the Council of 
Governor Slaughter in 1689-91. And he was doubtless a son of Mayor Thomas 
Willett. for he left sons and daughters. But Mayor Thomas ^Villett was not the an- 
cestor of Colonel Marinus Willett of the Revolution and also a Mayor of New York 
early in the present centur)-, as stated by Mr. Brodhead in his " Histor)'," and by Miss 
Booth in hers. See the " Memoirs" of Colonel Marinus Willett, by his son, pub- 
lished in this city in 1S31, and dedicated to General Lafayette. He died in 1S30, 
and was buried with military honors from Trinity Church. The writer can remember 
the impressive pageant. 

Possibly some reader of this Magazine may be able to discover something addi- 
tional concerning the said Thomas Willett, who married a Dutch lady in this city. 

W. H. 

General Lucas Van Beverhoudt, with his family, consisting of his wife, sev- 
eral daughters, and a number of black ser^-ants, removed, in the year 1777, from their 
residence in St. Thomas, W. L, and took possession of a large estate in Morris 
County, N. J., which had been previously purchased for them by Mr. Abraham Lott, 
of the city of New York. It consisted of three thousand acres, in the town of Par- 
sippany, and the purchase was effected by the sale of a property of Mrs. Beverhoudt's 
in the island of St. Croix, valued at ;iC33,ooo sterling, inherited from her first husband, 
Christian Suhm, a former governor-general of the Danish West India Islands. Gen- 
eral Van Beverhoudt named their new home " Bevenvyck," after his ancestral estate 
in Holland, of which country he was a native. His wife was a great-granddaughter 
of Thomas Roux, a wealthy citizen of France, and a pious Huguenot, who was bar- 
barously murdered, in the persecution of the Protestants, succeeding the Revocation 
of the Edict of Nantes in that kingdom in 16S5. Before his death, however, he con- 
trived to send to the island of St. Thomas, in charge of a female domestic, his little 
daughter, with some gold concealed about their persons. 

In the same vessel sailed a young Protestant gentleman named Pierre La Salle, 
under similar circumstances, who subsequently became her husband, and who, having 
been well educated, soon received a lucrative appointment under the Danish Govern- 
ment. Thev had an only daughter, who married Jean Malleville, a Frenchman, also 
of Huguenot descent, whose daughter Maria married Governor Suhm, of the Danish 
^Vest India islands, at the age of fifteen. Of her two sisters, Anna married John 
Wood, of St. Thomas, and Elizabeth Mr. Lilienschoeld, of Copenhagen, chamberlam 
of the king. The latter was once in this country with Lisa Von L., probably her 

Q2 Notes and Queries. [April, 

daughter, and rented Beverwyck for a year. In 1786, Maria Suhm married the Rev. 
John Wheelock, second President of Dartmouth College, who had heard her praises 
and wrote for permission to come and pay his respects to the general and his family. 
" He came, he saw, and was conquered." She was in her garden dress when he was 
announced, but forthwith went to meet him, saying : " If he marries me, he will often 
see me looking in this way." They had one child, Maria Malleville, born February 
3, 17SS, who married Rev. William Allen, D.D., President of Bowdoin College, 
Brunswick, Maine. Their daughter Elizabeth married the late eminent Professor 
Henry B. Smith, of the New York Union Theological Seminary. Maria Suhm had 
two elder married sisters, Mrs. Rogiers, of St. Croix, whose daughter Madlana married 
Von Vleardon, of St. Thomas, and Mrs, DeWitt, of the West Indies, one of whose 
daughters, Mrs. Ross, once lived in Morrisania, N. Y., and another, Mrs. Le Breath- 
way, in Baltimore. Governor Suhm died at St. Thomas, September 10, 1759, leaving 
his wife a widow at the age of twenty-three. Her brother, General Thomas Malle- 
ville, previously in the service of the Danish Government, succeeded him as governor- 
general of its West Indian possessions, which office he held for twenty-five years, when, 
in 1799, his death occurred. General Van Beverhoudt died at Beverwyck, November 
26, 1796, and his wife in July, 1798. Mr. Abraham, grandfather of Miss Julia 
Sands, at the invitation of General Van Beverhoudt, also came to live with them at 
Beverwyck, when they began its occupation, as being a safer residence than New 

One of the general's two daughters was at school in New York, living in Mr. 
Lett's family; afterward at Bethlehem. She died unmarried at Beverwyck in 1790. 
Her sister, Adriana, married Tobias Boudinot, a nephew of Colonel Elias Boudinot, 
of the Revolution, one of the Presidents of the Continental Congress. He was the 
occupant of the " Beverwyck farm " for several years after his father-in-law's decease. 
Mrs. Boudinot survived him long after, and resided with their children in the old 
mansion. The homestead and most of her other property was left to her by her 
father. It then comprised seven hundred and fifty-one acres, but was much encum- 
bered and a part was sold at auction. Mrs. Boudinot and her heirs retained the 
properly until within a score of years, when it was sold to Mr. Condict, its present 

Mrs. Boudinot is not reported handsome, but as showing in her manners, atti- 
tudes, and conversation the elegant training of a lady of the olden times. She once 
told one of her family friends, when visitine at Beverwyck, that in her childhood 
" they lived in great splendor for the times." Her father imported his coach and 
coachman from England. The carriage, lined with white satin, was the handsomest 
in the country. He drove four-in-hand, and had twelve carriage horses — four English, 
four Danish, and four .\rabian, their tails tied up with bows of broad white watered 
ribbon. One of the servants said that a whole bushel basketful of old silver was 
melted down to plate the harness. During the Revolutionary War, while General 
Washington's headquarters were at Morristown, near by, " Lady Washington " was a 
guest of the Beverwyck family for six weeks, as also, once, Mrs. General Knox and 
General Lafayette. It seems that before the death of General Van Beverhoudt there 
was a reverse of fortune. Probably the expense of such an establishment outran his 
resources. We hear of diamonds to the amount of $20,000 being sent to England for 
sale. He was very large in person, and it is an anecdote received by our informant 
from Miss Julia Sands, a granddaughter of Abraham Lott, that once, in a fall of snow 
of unusual depth. General Van B 's carriage was stuck in a snowdrift and General 
Washington sent men to shovel him out. 

The large house, where so many distinguished guests were entertained, was burned 
a long time ago. The more modern one, in its place, is also spacious, well built, 
and commands wide views of a pleasant country. On the lawn in front still stands 
a time-battered oak. under which (according to the diary of General Van Beverhoudt, 
unfortunately destroyed) Washington, with his staff, dined one Sunday. 

Some other genealogical particulars are as follows: Mrs. De Witt, Mrs. Bever- 
houdt's sister, had a granddaughter, Mrs. Ross, who lived in Morrisania, N. Y. ; and 
another, who married Mr. Le Breathway, of Baltimore, Mrs. Boudinot left three 
daughters, of whom Eliza married George Bibby ; Susan, Colonel Amos Bj:easher,"fy/ ^,^^ 
of Hanover, N. H.; and Anne, William Bibby, of Paterson, N. J. Mrs. Beverhoudt \\^>^_ ,- 
was born at St. Thomas, January 20, 1758, and married to the general, probably, \' 

previous to 1772. Her daughter, who married President Wheelock, was a devout 
member of the D. R. Church in Parsippany, and a certificate of her membership, in 
Dutch, is preserved in the family. It is to her granddaughter, Mrs. Elizabeth L. 

1887. J Notes a7id Queries. 


Smith, now of New Jersey, a daughter of President Allen, and the widow of the late 
Rev. Professor Henry B. Smith, of the Union Theological Seminary, in this city, 
that we have been indebted for the materials of the present sketch. Her cousin, 
Maria Suhm, had been early sent to Copenhagen for her education, where, through 
her distinguished brother, Captain Thomas Malleville, then there, she had much kind 
social attention. On her return from Copenhagen, and prior to the family removal to 
this country, she was sent to the Moravian school in Bethlehem, Pa., and sub- 
sequently was for several years at Beverwyck, where, in 17S5, she married the Rev. 
Jolin Wheeiock, the second President of lOartmoulh College. The venerable Mrs. 
Boudinot, in closing her account of her pious Huguenot ancestors, communicated to 
Mrs. Smith, expresses her devout gratitude to the Almighty for his wonder-working 
hand, in guiding, protecting, and blessing them from generation to generation, 
according to his gracious promises to the faithful, aad adds : "Oh, that I had the 
pen of a ready scribe, that I might tell the world what God has done for mine and 
me, the very least of his creatures." 


New York, ya;/?<a;j 28, 18S7. 

The name of Goodman began its record in this city, according to the City Direc- 
tory, in 1791, with two bearing it. For the next twenty years there were never more 
than five or six of the name. Tiie most prominent of them was 'William, a grocer. 
In about the years iSio-li there came to New York, from Hartford, Conn., when 
quite a young man, Mr. John K. Goodman, who established himself here as a mer- 
chant. He was a son of Richard Goodman, an old Hartford merchant, a native of 
that city, and a descendant of one of the original settlers, of the same name, still 
regularly transmitted in the family. ^Ve remember seeing, in our youth, this vener- 
able old gentleman, at his family mansion, which stood on a beautiful city lot in- 
herited from his first ancestor in Hartford. In its Antiquarian Hall we have lately 
noticed his full-length portrait. The first of this ancient New England name appears 
prominently in the Connecticut State records, and also is mentioned in the Rev. Dr. 
Walker's valuable History of the First Church of Christ in Plartford. John K. 
Goodman, very soon after coming to New York, entered into partnership with Mr. 
Abel Hall, Jr., a son of Capt. Abel Plall, of Lyme, Ct., in the shipping and commission 
business, lasting but a single year, in consequence of Mr. Hall's death from a fever 
contracted in the West Indies. In subsequent years Mr. Goodman was a broker in 
W'all Street. He married a daughter of Capt. Job Haines, of Elizabeth, N. J., an 
uncle of the late Governor Haines, of N. J. Her only own sister had previously married 
Mr. William Hall, a shipping merchant, and a brother of his partner of that name. 
Mr. and Mrs. Goodwin were married at his house in Fair Street, now Fulton, and 
the officiating clergyman, Rev. Dr. McDowell, of Elizabeth, observed on that occa- 
sion that " they were the handsomest couple he had ever united in matrimony." Mr. 
John K. Goodman was of very winning and gentlemanly manners, and always com- 
manded both respect and esteem. He died suddenly at his son's residence in Ravens- 
wood, L. I., about thirty years since, his wife surviving him to a somewhat later 
period. They had two children, both living, viz., the Hon. Richard Goodman, a 
former member of the New York bar, who for about twenty years past has resided in 
Lenox, Mass. He has occasionally represented Berkshire in the legislature, and 
has recently been elected President of its Bible Society. His sister, Mrs. Elizabeth 
G. Deming, widow of James Deming, a native of this city and for many years a silk 
merchant in Paris, has latterly lived in San Francisco with her children, others living 
in Europe. Mr. Richard Goodman, of Lenox, married a sister of the Cheney 
brothers, founders of the great silk mills in Manchester, Ct., and of the late Mr. 
Seth Cheney, the celebrated crayon artist in Boston. They have two daughters and 
a son, Richard Goodman, Jr., Esq., a lawyer by profession, but by taste an agricuU 
turist, having charge of his father's fine " Yokum Dairy Farm" in Lenox. This 
family, by their culture and amiable personal qualities, add much to the social attrac- 
tions of Lenox. This name, beginning in 1791 with only two bearers of it in the 
New York City Directory, covers two and a half columns in the last volume of the 
same. ^ • ^' 

The title of the book which our correspondent describes is " Excursion to the 
United States in 1794." By H. Wansey. i2mo. Salisbury. 1798. It is not, 
however, as rare as he imagines. There has long been a copy in the Society Library, 
and there is another in the Astor. 

QA N^otes and Queries. [April, 

Wansey's book of travels, from which the paragraphs below were taken, is now a 
rara avis in this country. Possibly the only accessible copy is that which has long 
been, and that known to but few, on the shelves of the New York Historical Library. 
Several years since, the writer of this note, in an interview with his venerated friend, 
the late Rev. Edwin F. Hatfield, D.D., of this city, a man of remarkable historical 
and genealogical tastes, was presented by him with some MS. extracts from Wansey's 
work, containing what he has to say on the New York matters referred to above. 
No use had been made of them until recently, when, being informed by Dr. Styles, 
then in editorial charge of this magazine, that General Wilson had in preparation his 
valuable memoir of Bishop Provoost, published in its January issue, and remembering 
Wansey's notice of the bishop in the aforesaid MS., we had the honor of mentioning 
it to the general, and, at his request, of sending it to him. This interesting refer- 
ence to New York's first Episcopal diocesan, after the Revolution, given on p. 9 of 
his biographical article, and the here annexed account by the English traveller of 
otiier leading divines in this city, of its churches and religious customs at that period, 
it is but in accord with the time-honored maxim, Suum ciiique, to report as primarily 
due to the observant eye and diligent pen of Dr. Hatfield. , w. H. 

"June I, 1794. — Priestley, Henry, and myself went, accompanied by Mr. Genet 
(the ci-devant ambassador from France), to the new Presbyterian Meeting (the Old 
Brick Church), where we heard Dr. Rodgers preach and afterward administer the 
Lord's Supper to near two hundred people, who, in companies of twenty or fifty at a 
time, succeeded each other in a large inclosed part of the meeting, near the commun- 
ion-table. 'I invite,' said he, 'all of you to partake of the Lord's >upper ; but 
none,' he added, lifting up his hand and turning his palm outward toward Governor 
Clinton's seat, where the Priestleys were, ' no, none of those who deny the divinity 
of our Saviour.' In the P.M. I went to hear Dr. Lynn, at the Dutch Reformed 
Church ' (the old ' Middle Dutch '). This is a large, handsome meeting-house, 
with an organ in the gallery. The prayers were in English, and the sermon delivered 
ex tempore, as is the case at all the meetings. No places of worship are open three 
times a day, except the two Episcopal churches" (Trinity and St. Paul's) "and St. 
George's Chapel, I believe. June 15 being Trinity Sunday, the divines preached 
almost universally in support of that doctrine. At Trinity Church I heard Dr. Beach 
preach from these words : ' Acquaint now thyself with God,' &c. In a very personal 
manner he applied them to Dr. Priestley, as if the cause of all his troubles was his 
ignorance of the nature of the Deity. The communion-table in St. Paul's, I ob- 
served, was placed in the east, but in Trinity Church it is in the west, purposely to 
prevent any superstitious notions about it. I candidly confess, for my own part, that I 
think the Episcopal churches of New York and Philadelphia are far more liberal than 
those of any other persuasions. They entirely leave out the Athanasian and all other 
creeds, except the Nicene ; nor do they turn to the east or any particular part of the 
church, when they rehearse their belief, nor repeat the Paternoster so many times as 
ours do. They do not require subscription to the Thirty-nine Articles, nor does the 
priest rise after confession to pronounce absolution, but continues on his knees with 
his fellow-worshippers, imploring absolution likewise for himself. At the regulation 
of their services, after their separation from England, it was proposed to leave out all 
controversial subjects as much as possible ; and the preservation of the doctrine of 
the Trinity was carried, I am told, by only a small majority of voices." 

(" Fifty years," added the transcriber, in 1844, when the above was copied by him, 
" have made signal changes in all these churches.") 

Mr. Frank Willing Leach, 22 it Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pa., is preparing 
a work to be entitled " The Signers of the Declaration of Independence and tlieir De- 
scendants." The work will be of a biographical and genealogical character, the 
fundamental feature, however, being a genealogy of all the descendants of the fifty-six 
signers down to the present day. 

Prof, and Mrs. Ed. E. Salisbury, of New Haven, Conn., are ready to begin to 
print " privately," a series of genealogical and biographical monographs, on the 
families of McCurdy, Lord, Parmelee-Mitchell, Digby-Lynde, Willoughby. Gris- 
wold, Pitkin-Wolcott, Ogden-Johnson, and Diodati, including notices of the Marvins, 
Lees, De Wolfs, and other families. It is a genealogical record, full of new facts, ob- 
tained in this country and abroad, and valuable to genealogists and other antiquaries 
generally. The monographs will fill from 600 to 700 pages, in two volumes 4to ; 
accompanied by twenty full chart-pedigrees, on bond-paper, with carefully prepared 
indexes of family names. 


Book Notices. Q - 

Copies are offered at cost. The edition will consist of 300 copies : the cost of 250 
of these, bound in bevelled boards, cloth, gilt tops, with the pedigrees separately 
bound, will be $18 each ; that of 50 copies on larger paper, bound wiih the pedi- 
grees, uncut, will be $20 each. A few copies of the pedigrees, separately bound, 
without the text, are offered at $8 for the set. 

Mr. E. Brockholst Livingston, of London, has kindly sent an article on the 
arms and history of his family. In a second letter he sent the following note : 

" Nisbet, who wrote his System of Herald)y in the last century, remarks that 
the ' Livingstons, Earls of Linlithgow, have been sometimes in use, with their de- 
scendants, to turn the cinquefoils to gillyflowers, upon what account I cannot learn, 
if not upon the saying of Gerard Leigh, as I observed before, that cinquefoils being 
sanguine, represent the Scotch gillyflower ; but others, more knowing, prefer the 
cinquefoils as more anciently used in armories and more military, as Guillim, who dis- 
parages the gillyflower in his Display, as an effeminate figure. The family of Lin- 
lithgow have disused the gillyflower and taken again the cinquefoil ; but their cadets 
have, in our new Register, gillyflowers recorded in place of cinquefoils.' " 

Mrs. K. R. Baetjer, of New York, is about to publish a small but interesting 
genealogy of the families of Carteret and Bryant. The Bryants or Briants, originally 
Breisjant, were among the earliest Dutch settlers of New Jersey. 


Diary of Thomas Robbins, D.D., 1796-1854. Printed for his Nephew. Owned 
by the Connecticut Historical Society. In two volumes. Edited and Annotated 
by Increase N. Tarbox. Vol. I. 1796-1825. Boston : Beacon Press. Thos. 
Tedd, Printer. 1886. 8vo, vii. , 1052. Portrait. 

Nothing would seem more improbable, at first sight, than that the minute chroni- 
cling of the every-day events and doings of a busy minister in an obscure country- 
parish in Conneclicut, during the comparatively uneventful half century succeeding 
the Revolutionary War, could possess aught of interest to any one e.xcept his own 
immediate relatives ; much less, that it should be found worthy of being reprinted in 
this ample and elegant form. Yet the affectionate regard and liberality of the old 
pastor's relatives (Robbins Battell and his sister Anna Battell, of Norfolk, Conn.), and 
the loving painstaking of an old friend (Rev. Dr. Increase N. Tarbox, of \yest New- 
ton, Mass.), a native of the adjoining parish to that in which Dr. Robbins labored for 
many years, have placed this " Diary " before the public in such form as at once 
stamps it as a novel and valuable accession to our sources of information concerning 
that earlier New England life which is now so rapidly passing away from our imme- 
diate observation. 

Thomas Robbins, born at Norfolk, Conn., in 1777, descended from a clerical line, 
entered Yale College at the age of fifteen, transferred himself to the then newly 
founded Williams College, and graduated in its second class, in 1796, and the very- 
next week, with his old class at Yale ; began this Diary in January, 1796 ; was licensed 
to preach in 179S ; and afte*- some missionary and other clerical work, was '^''tlied at 
East Windsor, Conn., ..ofti lt_*> to 1827; afterward, 1833-1844, at Mattapoisett 
(Rochester), Ala'ss. Unmarried, arr .i/v, *-" tillable student and lover of books and of 
American history and biography, he gradually becc^.-Me a collector, not only of valuable 
standard works, but of what were then "unconsidered trifles," literary waifs, etc.; 
and thus, during his forty-six years of ministerial life, had collected what even now 
would be called a notable library. In 1844, an arrangement was most happily made 
by which the Conneclicut Historical Society, at Hartford, became the ovvner of this 
valuable collection, retaining the venerable doctor's services as its librarian. Here, 
amid his beloved books, the last representative of the " old school gentleman," quaint 
in manner as in attire, he quietly passed his remaining years (until 1S54), dying in 
1S56, full of years and honors. True in every detail as well in heart-consecration to 
all the calls and duties of his chosen profession as an ambassador of Christ, his pas- 
sion for books was a solace which compensated him for the family ties and relations 
which most men delight in. 

Q^ Donations. [April, 1887. 

Under Dr. Tarbox's careful annotations, the " Diary" becomes a mine of original 
observations, facts, and minor detail of the greatest value (as we have already had 
reason to find) to the local historian and genealogist. To the meteorologist it offers 
a singularly interesting " find" in its long and complete records of weather changes, 
etc. The student of politics finds here many interesting side lights upon the history 
of our earlier American parties and party strifes, and even the agriculturist will happen 
on matters which he will be glad to know, as to how his ancestors "delved and 
digged." In fact, it is a matter of wonder how many things have been brought out in 
these pages, each of which must eventually have its own value to some inquiring 
reader. It greatly increases our (somewhat waning) respect for diaiies ; but, then, it 
is not every diary which is so fortunate as to have Dr. Tarbox for an annotator. 

H. R. s. 

The REARGU.A.RD OF THE REVOLUTION. By Edmund Kirice. New York : D. 

Appleton & Co. 1886. 

This somewhat fanciful title hardly gives an idea of the character of this entertain- 
ing book, yet, when it is explained, it is not inappropriate. The exploits of partisans 
like Marion are well known ; but the history of the share which such men as Sevier, 
Shelby, and Robertson had in bringing about the successful termination of the war of 
the Revolution is less familiar. These "three unknown backwoodsmen," Mr. Kirke 
tells us in his preface, "clad in buckskin huniing-shirts, and leading inconsiderable 
forces to battle in the depths of a far-away forest, not only planted civilization beyond 
the Alleghanies, but exerted a most important influence in shaping the destinies of 
this country." Their efforts, he adds, thrice thwarted British plans for crushing the 
Southern colonies, and defeated a design on the part of Spain to found an indepen- 
dent republic in the country between the Alleghanies and the Mississippi. 

This is the subject of his book, and it is well worked out. He carries his reader 
from the explorations of Daniel Boone to the surrender of Cornwallis, and gives an 
account of the career of the energetic and hardy settlers of East Tennessee and West- 
ern North Carolina, and of the little known though efficient services which they ren- 
dered to the cause of independence. The book is well written and full of interest. 


From Charles L. Webster & Co. Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Vol II. Svo. 
New York, 18S6. 

From Yale University. Catalogue, 1S86-87. Svo. New Haven, 1SS6. 

From Department of the Interior. Circular of Information of the Bureau of Edu- 
cation. No. I, 18S6. Svo. Washington, 1886. 

From Thomas G. Evans. The De Witt Family in Ulster County, N. Y. By the 
Donor. Svo. New York, 1886. 

From E. de V. Vermont. America Heraldrica. Parts V. and VI. By the Donor. 
-PorttTvv. New York, 1886. 

From Messrs. Aopleton & Co. Cyclopjedia o.f .vm<.iie i Biography. Vol I.. 
Aar-Cra. Edited by General James Granf ""'woon and John Fiske. Svo. New 
York, 1S87. 

From Wyoming Historical and Genealogical Society. Proceedings and Collec- 
tions. Vok'll., Svo. Wilkesbarre, 1886. 

From State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Thirty-fourth Annual :\Ieeting. Svo. 
Madison, Wis., 18S7. 

From William Francis Cregar. Ancestry of William Shipman Haines. By the 
Donor. Svo. Philadelphia, 1887. 

Harry Hakes. The Hakes Family. By the Donor. Svo. Wilkesbarre, 1886. 

Edward F\ de Lancey. History of Mamaroneck. By the Donor. Svo. New 
York, 1 8 86. 

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""III III Jti-tti-iyTvlrLxuj? June 1'- UigH. 
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genealogical aiiiJ '§iograp|ical |lecflrk 

Vol, XVIII. NEW YORK, JULY, 1S87. No. 3. 


By Everett P. Wheeler. 

The lustre of the great names of the men who carried the colonists 
successfully through the Revolutionary war, and who framed the Consti- 
tution under which this country has prospered for almost a century, has 
obscured that of those under whose guidance and leadership it became 
possible for our people successfully to conduct their long war against the 
mother country. The fame of the early colonists, of the Pilgrims who 
sailed in the Mayflower, of the Cavaliers who landed at Jamestown, has 
been celebrated in history and in poetry, but comparatively little atten- 
tion has been paid to the period intermediate between the settlement of 
North America and the Declaration of Independence. 

One of the most distinguished of the men who at that time directed 
the affairs of the colonies is the subject of this address. He was a typical 
American ; typical of a time when the exigencies of life were such that a 
man of talent could not limit himself or his intelligence to one particular 
occupation, but when the necessities of the situation in which our fathers 
were placed, compelled him in his time to play many parts, which in a 
later and more complex civilization would be filled by difierent individuals. 

William Pepperrell commenced life as a merchant, and a merchant he 
continued for thirty years. Yet during that time he became Chief Justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas in Maine. Not only this, but as general 
of the colonial forces, he conducted the most successful and brilliant cam- 
paign in which the colonists were unaided by troops from the mother 

It is not easy for us to realize the conditions of society that existed along 
our seaboard prior to the Declaration of Independence, The colonists 
had, it is true, left their homes across the Atlantic, some of them for pur- 
poses of commerce, some of them with the eagerness for discovery w^hich 
at that tmie pervaded all Europe, and some of them to find in the new- 
world the religious freedom which had been denied them in the old. But 
all alike were loyal to the mother country and its sovereign. All alike 
respected the aristocratic institutions under which that country had pros- 
pered, and the thought of abolishing those distinctions which formed a 
part of their whole surroundings was far from the mind of any of them. 


gg Sir WiUiam Pepperrell. [July. 

A degree of honor was paid to those high in office, of which this 
country since the Revolution has furnished no example. At the same 
time the condition of the colonies, the smaller size of the cities and vil- 
lages, the difficulties of communication, all combined to compel the be- 
ginnings of that sense of equality of rights and privileges which afterwards 
found its embodiment in the Constitution of the United States. The op- 
portunities for advancement were as great, and advancement itself as rapid, 
as it has ever since become. 

The father of Sir William Pepperrell was a native of Devonshire in 
England. He was left an orphan at an early age, without resources of 
any kind except his own indomitable courage. He was apprenticed to 
the captain of a fishing schooner employed on the coast of Newfoundland, 
and when he finished his term of service he took up his abode on one of 
the Isles of Shoals. These are rocky points almost entirely barren, which 
rise out of the sea about nine miles east of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
and seem like ships anchored in the midst of the ocean. They were, in 
the time of the Pepperrells, inhabited by fishermen who sought these 
lonely isles for security from the Indians and who found in their adven- 
turous trade the means of earning a livelihood, and, in one instance at 
least, the means of acquiring the beginnings of a fortune. William 
Pepperrell, the Elder, formed a partnership with one Gibbons, who came 
over from England, in the fishing business. They acquired several ves- 
sels, cured the fish which were caught, and sold them in England and 
the Southern colonies. Finally Gibbons removed to the eastward, while 
Pepperrell came to Kittery Point, below Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
which was then a thriving commercial settlement. Here William Pep- 
perrell the younger was born June 27th, 1696, and here somewhat later 
in the century, the father, when he had acquired a fortune, erected a man- 
sion subsequently enlarged by his son, and which is still standing, a mon- 
ument of the old colonial days, on the shores of the Piscataqua River, 
just before it enters the sea. 

The visitor to that part of i\Iaine, who drives back a few miles from 
the ocean, will discover here and there a stockade or round house, erected 
for the purpose of protection from the Indians. They thronged the Maine 
woods in the early part of the eighteenth century, and were engaged in 
frequent warfare with the colonists, who were therefore constantly on the 
alert. Every man was a soldier from necessity. His firelock stood in the 
corner, ready for use at a moment's notice. It was this constant experi- 
ence of Indian warfare that inured the inhabitants of the colonies to every 
variety of hardship, and made them the rugged and daring soldiers who 
withstood the British charge at Bunker Hill, who carried Stony Point at 
the point of the bayonet, who defeated the disciplined armies of England 
and Germany at Saratoga and York town. 

What is commonly known as education — that is to say, a scholastic 
training — was vouchsafed to few of them, William Pepperrell, like most 
of the other young men of his time, had little of this beside reading, 
writing, and arithmetic. His father, however, employed an instructor who 
taught him surveying and navigation, the measuring of the land, and the 
tracing a pathway over the trackless ocean — two arts which to a colonist 
and navigator were essentially important. But his frame was hardened 
by constant activity in the open air, by contests with the savages, by ex- 
plorations in the woods of Maine, by voyages on the sea. He met in 

1887.] Sir William Pcpperrell. 


the course of these adventures all sorts and conditions of men, from the 
Governor in the old mansion at Portsmouth, which Longfellow has im- 
mortalized, to the Indian in the iorest. His mind and heart were en- 
larged by the spirit of progress which filled the breast of every active col- 
onist, and the capacity to command which distinguished him throughout 
his life, showed itself at an early age. 

As partner in his father's commercial enterprise, he extended the 
sphere of business of the firm. 7'heir warehouses were filled with fish 
from the Banks of Newfoundland, with sugar and molasses from the West 
Indies, with hemp and iron, linen and silk from Great Britain, with naval 
stores from the Carolinas. The firm owned more than a hundred vessels, 
and their name and ensign were to be seen in London, and in Bristol, in 
the Havannah, and at Charleston, in Wilmington, and Boston. The for- 
tune increased rapidly, and part of it was invested in immense tracts of 
land in Maine, where the great pine trees were cut and floated down the 
rivers, and built into ships which added in their turn to the wealth and 
prosperity of the firm of William Pepperrell & Son. Soon after he was 
twenty-four, he established a branch of the house in Boston ; in 1726 he 
was chosen representative in the Massachusetts Legislature from Kittery, 
and in the following year was appointed by Governor Belcher a member 
of the ^Massachusetts Council. When hardly twenty-one years of age he 
was commissioned as captain of a company of cavalry, and soon after be- 
came major, and lieutenant-colonel, and in the same year in which he 
was elected representative to the Legislature, was commissioned as colo- 
nel and placed in command of all the Maine militia. 

INIeanwhile, as these distinctions came to him and his prosperity grew, 
he was blessed also with domestic happiness. During his visits to Boston 
he met a granddaughter of Chief Justice Sewall, Mary Hirst of York. He 
won her affections, and on the loth of March, 1723, they were married. 
The husband added to the father's house by an addition at its northern 
end, nearly doubling the size of the whole, and to this new part of the 
old manor house he brought his bride soon after they were married. 

The good judgment which Pepperrell showed as a member of the 
Council so impressed the Governor that when in 1730 he appointed vari- 
ous members of the Court of Common Pleas for Maine, he appointed 
William Pepperrell, Jr., the Chief Justice, and this ofiice he continued to 
hold until his death. It appears from the papers which were preserved in 
his ofiice, and which were examined after his death, that he did not rely 
entirely upon the light of nature to guide him in his decisions as judge, 
but that immediately upon his appointment he sent to London for a law 
library. The records of his court, and the testimony of all his contem- 
poraries, show that though not bred a lawyer, he administered justice with 
a firm and even hand to the entire satisfaction of litigants, and of the 
whole community. 

In 1734 his father died, and he succeeded to the business of the firm, 
and to the greater part of the large tracts of land in Maine, of which his 
father had become the owner. This accession to his fortune did not 
diminish his business activity. He continued President of the Council, 
and for reasons both of public affairs and private business, he resided with 
his family during a large part of every year in Boston, where his two chil- 
dren, Elizabeth and Andrew, were educated, Andrew entering Harvard 
College in 1741. The following year his daughter Elizabeth married Col. 


Sir William Pepper veil. [Jub'' 

Sparhawk, a Boston merchant, and they went to live at Kittery, near her 
father's house, where Pepperrell built for his daughter the beautiful speci- 
men of the old colonial architecture which is still standing, and which, 
with its wainscoting, its carved mantels, its winding staircase, and all the 
other elaborate decoration of those days, has been reproduced in a mod- 
ern form in some of the best work of McKim, Mead, and White. 

Meanwhile, the politics and wars of Europe were a source of constant 
interest and apprehension to the colonists. England had been at war 
with Spain, and the naval battles which the two nations, then more 
equally matched, fought for possession of the West Indies, were a source 
of as much interest in Boston and New York as they were in London and 
Bristol. The English were getting the better of the conflict, and the ap- 
prehension became general that Spain would seek and secure an alliance 
with France, and that the result would be a war between the allied 
powers and England, which would involve the colonies. 

In 1743, Governor Shirley received dispatches from England, that in 
all probability war would soon be declared. In October of that year 
Governor Shirley transmitted the intelligence to Col. Pepperrell, with in- 
structions to put the frontier immediately in a state of preparation for war. 
A copy of this, Pepperrell at once transmitted to his officers, and adds, 
"I hope that He who gave us our breath will give us the courage and 
prudence to behave ourselves like true-born Englishmen." 

On the i5lh of March, 1744, war was declared by the French, and 
hostilities at once began in Nova Scotia. The islands of Cape Breton and 
Newfoundland are at opposite sides of the entrance to the Gulf of St. 
Lawrence, which is there about ninety miles wide. The French, in order 
to guard the entrance to the Gulf, and protect their Canadian possessions, 
had erected on the Island of Cape Breton, the strongest fortress in the new 
world, the great citadel of Louisburg. The garrison of this fort was a 
constant menace to the colonists, and the fort itself was a depot of warlike 
supplies for all the French armies in Canada. The harbor of Louisburg 
was capacious, and afforded a safe anchorage for the French men-of-war, 
a place of refuge for their merchantmen and fishing vessels, and a most 
convenient rendezvous for their privateers. The entrance to this harbor 
is only 1,200 feet wide, and in the centre of this channel is an island very 
similar to that on which Fort Lafayette is built at the Narrows. Indeed, 
the harbor of Louisburg is even more landlocked and secure than the in- 
ner Bay of New York, for the width of the Narrows at its narrowest part 
is a mile, more ihan four times that of the entrance to the Harbor of 

On this island the French had erected a fortification, and another was 
placed within range on the northwestern side of the harbor ; the three for- 
tifications being thus arranged so as to protect each other. The ramparts 
were of stone, from thirty to thirty-six feet high, with a ditch eighty feet 
wide and extended over a circuit of nearly two miles. The works had 
been building for twenty-five years, and were believed to be impregnable 
by any forces that the British could bring against them. 

The French had been preparing for war, and had secured the neutral- 
ity and possibly the alliance of many of the Penobscot Indians, who up to 
that time had been believed to be friendly to the English. Col. Pepper- 
rell went at the head of a delegation to them, asking for their support in 
the war, but the application was refused^ the Sagamores stating that they 

18S7.] Si'r William Pepperrell. lOI 

would not fight against their brethren of St. John's and New Brunswick. 
No one could tell how far this defection had extended, and the conviction 
at once became general in New England that, as long as this formidable 
fortress remained so near their borders, they could never hope for security 
in any hostilities with the French. The Legislatures of the New England 
colonies in winter session discussed plans for action, and sent letters to 
the provinces of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Governor 
Clinton, of New York, urged the Legislature to appropriate ^5,000 for 
the expenses of the expedition, and after much persuasion they contrib- 
uted ;^3, 000, while the Governor, at his own expense, sent some cannon. 
Pennsylvania sent some provisions. But the danger from Louisburg was 
not threatening enough to induce either of these colonies to do more, and 
they furnished no troops in the expedition which followed. The New 
England colonies were not, however, daunted, and resolved to summon 
all their forces for the attack. The immense armies that were raised in 
this country during the Civil War have so accustomed us to enormous 
hosts that the armies which were engaged in any of our previous wars seem 
to us insignificant. The whole number of troops engaged in the Louis- 
burg expedition would not have furnished a division to the Army of the 
Potomac. But in considering the importance of the undertaking, we 
should compare these numbers, not with those to which in a later day we 
have become accustomed, but with those of our earlier wars. IMassachu- 
setts raised for the expedition, 3,250, Rhode Island, 300, New Hampshire, 
300, and Connecticut, 500, an army larger than that with which General 
Taxlor undertook the conquest of Mexico, and nearly equal to that with 
which he won the battle of Buena Vista. Yet that army was raised 
by the whole United States at a time when their population was nearly ten 
times the whole population of the colonies at the Revolution, and more 
than twenty times that of New England in 1745- 

Not only did the colonists send an army, but they contributed a por- 
tion of the navy that sailed for Louisburg ; fourteen vessels in all, with 
204 guns. 

When the New England Legislatures had provided for raising the 
troops, the question arose, who should command them .? A long period 
of peace had left the colonists without any officers of experience in large 
military manoeuvres, but amongst those who had commanded in the 
border wars with the Indians, there was none who possessed the con- 
fidence of the people to the degree that did the subject of this sketch, and 
he was unanimously selected for the position. He was very reluctant to 
accept it, and, while the matter was under consideration, consulted his 
guest, the famous George Whitefield, who was then on one of his mis- 
sionary expeditions through New England. Whitefield's reply was frank. 
He said : "I do not think the scheme very promising ; if you take the 
appointment, the eyes of all will be upon you ; if you do not succeed, the 
widows and orphans of the slain will reproach you. If you should suc- 
ceed, many will regard you with envy and endeavor to eclipse your glory. 
You ought, therefore, if you go at all, to go with a single eye, and you 
will find your strength proportioned to your necessity." Pepperrell de- 
liberated until his friend Governor Shirley assured him that there was no 
one else in New England under whose leadership the colonists could be 
sure of raising the troops necessary for the purpose, and Pepperrell finally 
accepted, and then asked Whitefield to give him a motto for their colonial 

J02 -5""' William Pepperrell. FJ^b'^ 

flag. The motto given was characteristic of the enterprise. It was "Nil 
Desperandum, Christo Duce." The religious spirit which had brought so 
many of the colonists to New England had not lost all its enthusiasm. 
The bitterness which sprung from the wars and persecutions that followed 
the Reformation had by no means disappeared, and to many of those who 
engaged in the expedition it almost assumed the character of a crusade. 

The Massachusetts troops sailed on the 24th of March for Canso Bay, 
which was the place agreed upon for a rendezvous. Meanwhile Gov. 
Shirley was in correspondence with Commodore Peter Warren, who com- 
manded the West India fleet, and it was generally believed that that fleet 
would take part in the expedition. Warren at first declined. The re- 
fusal was received the very day before Pepperrell sailed, but he was noth- 
ing daunted, and determined to make the attempt with the colonial 
forces alone. About three weeks, however, after the arrival at Canso, and 
while the forces were at work making their own cartridges, a fact which il- 
lustrates one of the diff'erences between the warfare of those days and that 
of modern times, three large men-of-war loomed up on the horizon, and 
when they came nearer, they were discovered to be under the command 
of Commodore Warren. These ships and those that followed them were 
certainly a great accession to the forces, and aided essentially in the block- 
ade which contributed largely to the reduction of the city. The troops 
sailed from Canso on the 29th of April, and arrived the next morning at 
Gabarus Ba}' — a curious corruption of the name given it by the French, 
— chapeau rouge. The precautions which Pepperrell had directed to con- 
ceal the proximity of the troops from the garrison at Louisburg had been 
entirely successful, and the first intelligence they had of the expedition 
was the arrival of the English and provincial fleet and the boats in which 
the soldiers rowed ashore. A detachment from the garrison was at once 
sent out to meet them, and on the rocky coast of the Island, the first 
blood was shed in the campaign. The provincials effected a landing, and 
drove the garrison back to their walls. A detachment of the invading 
army was at once despatched to reconnoitre. They set fire to some build- 
ings containing naval stores ; a panic seized upon the troops in the royal 
battery in the northwestern side of the harbor, who spiked their guns and 
fled to the citadel. Col. Vaughn, who commanded the detachment, at 
once took possession of the battery without waiting for orders. The French 
attacked him the next day, but were repulsed, and thus the second suc- 
cess of the siege was achieved. 

Meanwhile the remainder of the army landed, and the troops encamped 
in sight of the ramparts. These fortifications to the provincials, unused 
to such solid walls, seemed formidable indeed. Major Pomroy, of North- 
ampton, who had been detailed to drill out the touch-holes of the cannon 
that the French had spiked, wrote to. his wife : " Louisburg is an exceed- 
ingly strong place and seems impregnable. It looks as if our campaign 
would last long, but I am willing to stay till God's time comes to deliver 
the city into our hands." 

His wife replied : "Suffer no anxious thought to rest in your mind 
about me. The whole town is much engaged with concern for the ex- 
pedition, how Providence will order the affair, for which religious meet- 
ings every week, are maintained. I leave you in the hand of God." 

While Pomroy and his smiths were drilling away at the French can- 
non, Commodore Warren and Gen. Pepperrell were engaged in concert- 

1887.] Sir William Peppcrrell. 


ing a plan of campaign. But the Commodore always seems to have 
found some good reason for not sending his marines to assist in an attack 
on the battery on the island at the entrance to the harbor, which Peppcr- 
rell desired to storm, and all the combinations which the American gen- 
era! endeavored to effect for this purpose came to naught. The British 
ships guarded the entrance to the harbor, and captured a number of ves- 
sels, some of which were laden with supplies for the garrison, and they 
furnished some gunners and powder for the siege guns. This was their 
contribution to the success of the enterprise. The colonial troops at once 
commenced the erection of parallels and the mounting siege guns, under 
the immediate direction of Col, Gridle}', who thirty years afterwards 
marked out the line of the famous intrenchment of Bunker Hill. 

The first parallel was begun about 4,600 feet from the northwest bas- 
tion, but the provincials soon erected another at about the half the dis- 
tance from the ramparts, and brought into action a mortar battery which 
commenced a brisk bombardment. INIeanwhile Warren occupied himself 
in writing to the Government of the southern colonies for aid, and the 
provincials equipped a fire-ship which they sent in of a dark night and 
exploded in the harbor, but without any important results. A constant 
cannonade was kept up, the circle of fire gradually drew closer to the city, 
and on the 15th of May, a battery was finished a thousand feet from the west 
gate. The following day a discovery was made. Thirty cannon suitable 
for siege guns were discovered under water near the light-house at the en- 
trance to the harbor, and a party of provincials was sent to pull them 
out. The following night a sortie was made from the garrison with the 
purpose of driving away this detachment, but the attack was repulsed with 
slight loss. On the 18th, a breach was effected in the west gate. By 
this time the troops had approached so near that conversation began to be 
carried on from the ramparts to the trenches, accompanied as the letters 
tell, with hospitable invitations to breakfast, which, however, for the time 
were refused. 

On the 20th, Warren announced the capture of the Vigilant, a French 
vessel carrying sixty-four guns, and having on board reinforcements and 
military stores for the garrison. Meanwhile the breach which had been 
made in the wall was gradually enlarging, and the subject of an assault 
began to be discussed between Warren and Pepperrell. The fleet mean- 
while was increasing by the arrival of ships from England and the West 
Indies. The French constructed a battery in the night in the breach, but 
this was soon silenced by the provincial artillery. Signals were concerted, 
scaling ladders carried to the front, storming parties were told oflT, and all 
was ready for an assault when on the 15th of June, Gov. Duchambonsent 
out a flag of truce. The terms of capitulation were agreed upon on the 1 6th 
and 17th. The French were to march out with the honors of war and lay 
down their arms, and it was stipulated that they should " in considera- 
tion of their gallant defence," be sent back to France. On the 17th, Pep- 
perrell marched in at the head of his army, and the French garrison, 
numbering 1,960, surrendered. " Thus," says Bancroft, " did the strong- 
est fortress of^ North America capitulate to an army of undisciplined New 
England mechanics and farmers and fishermen. It was the greatest suc- 
cess achieved by England during the war." 

After the manner of their nation, and I may add, after the manner of 
their ancestors to the remotest antiquity, the English celebrated their vie- 

I04 ■^'^' William PepperrcU. [July, 

tory by a dinner to their general. Parson INIoody, of York, who was the 
senior chaplain present, was asked to pronounce the blessing. From fre- 
quent experience of the good parson, the apprehension had been that the 
blessing would be prolonged to a sermon, but the guests were agreeably 
surprised to hear him say, "Good Lord, we have so many things to thank 
hee for, that time will be infinitely too short to do it ; we must therefore 
leave it for the work of eternity." 

The news of the capture of Louisburg was received on both sides of 
the Atlantic with the utmost joy, not unmingled with surprise. The for- 
tress was so important, the French had been so long engaged in its con- 
struction, the means employed for its reduction appeared to European 
generals so comparatively insignificant, that the success almost transcended 
belief. On this side the Atlantic, Boston and Salem, New York and 
Philadelphia, blazed with bonfires and illuminations, and resounded with 
the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons. 

The Rev. Dr. Chauncy wrote to Pepperrell from Boston on the 4th 
of July, a day which then had not the significance which to us it has since 
obtained, " I heartily congratulate you upon the news we received yes- 
terday about break of day, of the reduction of Cape Breton. The people 
of Boston before sunrise, were as thick about the streets as on an election 
day, and a pleasing joy visibly sat on the countenance of every one met 

"As God has made you an instrument of so much service to your 
country, at the hazard of your life, and the expense of great labor and 
fatigue, your name is deservedly and universally spoken of with respect, and 
I doubt not will be handed down with honor to the latest posterity. 

"We had, last night, the finest illumination I ever beheld with my 
eyes. I believe there was not a house in town, in no by-lane or alley, 
but joy might he seen through its windows. The night also was made 
joyful by bonfires, fireworks, and all other external tokens of rejoicing ; 
but I hope we shall in a better manner still commemorate the goodness 
of God in this remarkable victory obtained against our enemies. I hear 
next Thursday is set apart for a day of general thanksgiving through the 
province ; and I believe there is not a man in the country but will heartily 
join in thanksgiving to God for his appearance on our behalf." 

But the public rejoicings were not confined to the colonies. Tower 
Hill, Cheapside and the Strand were illuminated as well as Beacon Street and 
Broadway. The messenger who brought to London the news of the sur- 
render received a present of five hundred guineas. Pepperrell was made a 
baronet, and received a commission as colonel in the British army ; Warren 
was made a Knight of the Bath,- was promoted to be Admiral, and made 
Governor of Cape Breton Island. 

It may interest you, as New Yorkers, to recall that after the peace of 
1749, Sir Peter Warren acquired a large tract of land on the west side of 
Manhattan Island and lived for a time near the Hudson River. One of 
his daughters married Richard Amos and resided here till her death, and 
many of her descendants still live in our midst. Another daughter mar- 
ried the Earl of Abingdon.* Amos Street and Abingdon Square formed 

* Willoughby Bertie, fourth Earl of Abingdon, b. i6th Jan., 1740: m. 7th July, 
1768, Charlotte, daughter and co-heiress of Admiral Sir Peter Warren, K. B. Lady 
Abingdon died in 1794- — Ed. 

1 88 7.] Sir William Pippcrnll. 


a part of the Wairen farm, and were named for Sir Peter's daughters, as 
Warren Street was for himself 

But to return to my subject. 

Pepperrell remained in Louisburg until 1746, where he received from 
the Legislature of INIassachusetts an address congratulating him and his 
officers and soldiers, and tendering the grateful acknowledgments of the 
colony for their important services. His letter in reply is characteristic of 
the man, and will not, I hope, be uninteresting to my hearers : 

Louisburg, April z^, 1746. 

Gentlemen : I am extremely obliged to the Honorable Council and 
House of Representatives of the province of the INIassachusetts Bay, for 
their congratulation and compliments to me on the happy issue of the 
expedition against this place ; and for his Majesty's most gracious appro- 
bation of my services therein, which I had the honor of receiving from 
you the 2nd instant. Next to the consciousness of my having engaged 
in the important enterprise out of zeal for his Majesty's service and the 
welfare of my country, and that I have made it my constant aim to dis- 
charge the trust reposed in me with fidelity, nothing can give me a more 
sincere and lasting pleasure than my Royal INIaster's approbaiion, and my 
country's kind acceptance of my services. 

May the Lord of Hosts, who has given us the victory, ever defend and 
prosper this valuable acquisition, and grant that it may effectually answer 
the noble purposes for which our country was animated to attempt its con- 
quest^ in the prosecution of which the generous concurrence of the pro- 
vince of the Massachusetts Bay, with his Excellency Governor Shirley's 
wise counsels and indefatigable application, had so great a share ; and may 
the happy consequences of our success be extensive as its fame, and last- 
ing as the honor due to the heroic resolution and exemplary bravery of 
the officers and soldiers, whom I shall always esteem it my great honor 
to have commanded. 

It is with pleasure that I observe my country's gratitude for the good 
service and assistance of the brave and worthy Admiral Warren, whose 
singular vigilance and good conduct rendered his having the direction of 
his Majesty's ships employed against this place peculiarly happy ; and I 
flatter myself that the harmony which has subsisted between us in the 
prosecution of his INIajesty's service, has also had an happy eflfect ; and I 
esteem it an auspicious aspect of Divine Providence upon this place, that 
a gentleman so peculiarly qualified and disposed to promote its prosperity, 
is appointed by his INIajesty to the government of it. 

As I shall ever retain a most grateful sense of the many honors I have 
received from my country, nothing will give me greater pleasure than any 
opportunity further to approve myself a true friend to its interest and 
prosperity ; to which, if the honor and command conferred on me by his 
Majesty can any way contribute, it will enhance their value. 


In 1746, Sir William returned to Boston, and was re-elected President of 
the council which was then in session. He and Sir Peter Warren received 
a public reception from the Legislature, which was also in session, and 
on the 5th of July, Sir William left the city for his country seat at Kittery. 
His journey thither was like a royal progress. He was received at the 

jo6 •^^'' William Peppn'rell. [Ju'y> 

different towns at which he stopped by companies of mounted troops, and 
was welcomed everywhere with military salutes, illuminations and festivi- 
ties of all sorts. 

In 1749 he visited England and was received with marked distinction. 
After his return, and in 1753, he conducted important negotiations with 
the Indians of Maine. In 1754 he received orders to raise a regiment of 
foot for the royal service, and while at New York, on military business, in 
1755, received a commission as major-general in the British army. Jeal- 
ousy on the part of Governor Shirley kept him from service in the field, 
but he exerted himself actively to raise troops for the war then going on 
with the French, and he was entrusted with the command of the forces 
which guarded the frontiers of Maine and New Hampshire. Just as the 
war began to be successful, on the 6th July, 1759, he died. 

His only son had died in 1751, and his grandson, William Sparhawk, 
assumed the name of Pepperrell and succeeded to the title and the estates. 
When the Revolution began he adhered to his allegiance to the Crown, 
and in 1775 went to England. In 1778 he was proscribed, and in 1779 
the vast Pepperrell estate in Maine was confiscated by the colony. The 
extent of this may be judged from the fact that Sir William could travel 
for thirty miles in that state on his own land. 

With this confiscation, disappeared the one great baronial estate that 
New England ever saw. Its founder's family name has become extinct 
both in England and America. But the student of that important period 
in our country's history which preceded the peace of 1763, cannot fail to 
recognize the value of the services he rendered to his country, nor to ap- 
preciate the fact, that those services contributed essentially to the indepen- 
dence of the colonies, and their union in the present United States of 

I wish I could present him to you as he appeared in the old State 
House, in the Hancock mansion in Boston, or in his own home at Kit- 
tery ; as Copley and Smybert have tried to depict him on canvas ; the 
well-knit frame, clad in the embroidered waistcoat and scarlet coat of the 
period, the regular features, oval face, the kindly but resolute eye, the 
manly carriage. 

A fisherman's son, he raised himself to honor and wealth. Although 
not bred a lawyer, he presided with ability as Chief Justice. Although 
not trained a soldier, he commanded the armies of the colonies with 
courage, fortitude, foresight, and success. No record has ever leaped to 
light that cast a shadow upon his memory. Just and upright in all his 
own dealings, he knew how to be generous and merciful to others ; fear- 
less and resolute himself, he knew how to encourage the wavering, and 
stimulate the doubting. He was politic without insincerity, liberal and 
hospitable without extravagance. 

The one controlling purpose of his life was to do his duty. He be- 
came in youth a member of the Congregational Church, and continued 
through his life a devout and consistent adherent to its principles. But 
he was free from that narrowness and bigotry that disfigure the character 
of some of the New England colonial leaders. He knew that the prin- 
ciples of Christianity are far beyond and above the distinguishing tenets of 
any particular body of Christians ; and at home and abroad, in the count- 
ing-house and the Legislature, on the Bench, or in command of the 
provincial army, he embodied in action the religious convictions that be- 

1887.] Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. 107 

came in youth an essential part — indeed, the foundation of his whole 
character. Perhaps the best evidence of this is that prosperity never 
made him arrogant, or marred the simplicity and straightforwardness of 
the man. And thus, to the day of his death, he enjoyed alike the con- 
fidence of the Indians in the INIaine forests, the British Governors sent to 
rule the provinces, the merchants of Boston and London, tlie aristocracy 
of Beacon street, and his plain rustic neighbors at Kittery. 

FROM A.D. 1609. 

Transcribed by James Greenstreet, Honorary Secretary of the Pipe- 
Roll Society. 

(Continued from Vol. XVIII. , p. 73, of The Record.) 

Dec. 2 1, Thomas Bunn and Susan Johnson, per ly. fa. 

Jan. 3, John Abern and Elizabeth Hudson, per ly. 

Tan. 3, Richard Moore and Elizabeth Sherley, per ly. 

Jan. 6, Mr. Thomas ftleminge and Sarahe Miller, per lye. 

Jan. loi Thomas Bishopp and Jonan Ohoay, per lye. fac. 

Jan. 19, Richard Newnam and Anne flfyelde, per lye. Rastells. 

Jan. 20' Besillio Leechpoole and Eliz. Bellson, per lye. 

Jan. 21, Anthony fifawx and Alice Newson, per lye. 

Jan. 23, Ambros Blundell and Anne Enys, per lye. Ra. 

Ian. 25, John flfox and Anne Hedgges, per lyke lycenc. 

Jan. 28, Thomas Woolley and Jonan Jones, per lye. fa. 

Feb. 5, fifrauncis Vyninge and Jane Rose, per lye. fa. 

Feb. 8, John ffraunces and IMarye Baker, per lye. fa. 

Feb. 18, Henry INIawgerridge and Sarah Edwardes, per lye. fa. 

Feb 21', Thomas Stocke and Jane Malbone, per lye. 

Feb. 22, Harman Morryce and Sarah Davers, per lycenc from the 

ItlCll itlGS 

Feb." 24, Thomas Dyer and Anne Lucas, per lye. fa. 

Feb. 24, Robert Coleman and Juditbe Preeste, per ly. fa. 

Feb. 26, Richard Michaell and Anne Weroe. 

March 1, Burell Tayler and Elizabeth Covye, by lycenc from the ia. 

March 10, Henry Larkin and Marye Smieth, /^r Z^; /a. 

INIarch 13, Mathewe Waldrome and Marye Androwe, per lye. ab Jac- 

ultat. _ , f ^ ;.< 

March 26, ffrauncis Smieth and Margreate Parker, per lye. facult. 

April 1 1 John Hales and Elizabeth Eves, per lye. 
April 21, "John Haddewey and Katherine Christie, per banes. 
April 23, "John Greene and Cissly Gee, per banes. 
April 24, Edmond Curtesse and flfiaunces Johnson, />^r bane? 
April 25, John Elye and Elizabeth Terrye, by lycence from the facul- 


April 25, Robert Hassall and Anne ]\Iarberrye. 

Io8 Marriages at SL Mary Le Sirand, London. [J^b'- 

April 29, Thomas Pooe and Jonan Smiethfyelde, per lye. fa. 

April 13, Henry Burneby and Jonan Bearde, by lycence. 

INIay 5, |ohn Shurland and Elizabeth Johnson, ^^^r lye. 

]May 6, "George Asheton and Margery Doggett, per lye. fa. 

i\Iay 16, Richard Lee and Anne ftelles, per lye. 

I\Iay 18, George Rolffe and Susan Nicholas, per lye. fa. 

]May 18, Abraham Steward and Elizabeth Haddocke, by lye. from the 

April 26, ffrauncis INIewce and Elizabeth Washington, per ly. fa. 

June 2, Thomas Pearson and ffraunces Staples, by lycence from the 

June 9, Phillip Bates and Hester Nicholls, per lye. fac. 

June 19, Richard JMyllard and Vrsula Lucas, per lye. 

June 20, John Needham and Susan Keyes, per lye. fac. 

June 21, William Sante and Elizabeth Hollowell, per ly. fi. 

June 22, George Rigges and Thomasine Barker, per lye. fa. 

June 24, Hughe Hill and Kr.therine Coleman, per lye. fa. 

June 27, John Davies and Margreate Bullocke, by lye. 

June 28, John Carpenter and Sarahe Torapson, by lycence. 

June 29, William ffrost and Margreat Legrice, by lycence from the ffac- 

July 3, Robert Payne and Elizabeth Bubb, by banes asked. 

July 7, John Savage and Margreate Welche, per Ivc. fa. 

July 10, Thomas Everard and Marye Rucke, by lycence. 

July 23, John Twine and Anne Reynolds, per lyeenc from the ffacul- 

July 27, Samuel Sampson and Jane Dence, by lycence from the facul- 

July 27, Richard Ryall and IMary Tyllier, per lie. facultyes. 

July 28, Richard Woarme and Jonan Beck well, per lye. facultyes. 

Aug. 2, Gyles Wallin and Anne Benson, per lye. 

Richard Hawton and Eliz. Buttes, per lye. facult. 
ffraunces Wellens and Ellenour Child, per lye. faculties. 
William Woodbridge and Elizabeth Garrall. per ly. fa. 
John Taylour and Elizabeth Myller, per lye. fac. 
Henry Rabby and Jonan Pryce, per lye. faculties. 

Aug. 22, John Murrey and Jane Hulton, per lye. fac. 

Sept. 4, Nicholas Downinge and Elizabeth Waddington, per fa. 

Sept. 25, Thomas Symmes and Elizabeth Adry, per lye. fac. 

Sept. 26, Richard Sucker and Isabell Cradocke, per lye. 

Sept. 27, Lewys Jones and Jane Smyeth, per lye. 

Oct. 6, George Baker and EJizabeth Harman. 

Oct. 20, James Harrocke, one of ye Chaplins of the Savoy, and Marye 
his wyeffe, married the xxth of the same moneihe. 

Oct. 23, John Gibbes and ffraunces Brattowe, per lye. fac. 

Oct. 28, John Humphry and Marye Meakeins, per lye. fac. 

Oct. 28, Androwe PooUmer and JMary Watton, per lye. fac. 

Oct. 31, William Skevington and Jane Axtell, per lye. faculties. 

Oct. 31, James Greene and Cisly Wright. 

Nov. I, William Lawrence and Elizabeth Ryther, per fa. 

Nov. 4, Thomas Askwith and Anne Howard, per lye. faeultes. 

Nov. II, Robert Spiller and Dorothy Dormer, per lye. 











I ins. 

1S87. ] Marriages at St. Ilfary Le Strand, London. jqq 

Nov. 21, Robert Laughton and Alice Bitton. 

Nov. 28, Thomas Robinson and Margreate Stevens, by l}xenc. 

Nov. 28, Tliomas Dompster and Susan Waller, per lye. 

Nov. 29, Edmond Pyne [? Pywe] and Elizabeth Greene, per lye. fac. 

Dec. 3, Allen Morryce and Isabell Mathas. 

Dec. 5, William Bond and Dorothy Jelfte, per fa. 

Dec. 6, Richard Marbury and Cissly Hassall, per lyc. fa. 

Dec. 6, William Eastham and Ellen Barnes, per ly. fa. 

Dec. 21, William Whitt and Isabell ffoster. 

Dec. 21, Alexsaunder Trees and Percilla Gierke. 

Dec. 26, William Bentley and Ellen Eare. 

Jan. 2, William ffleminge and Alice Rawlinson, per lyc. fac. 

Jan. 6, Ghristopher Gollinson and INIargreate Singer, /er lyc. 

Jan. 17, Edward [or Edmund] W'ood\va.rd and Ellenor Addai 

Jan. 19, Reighnold Pigge and Bridget Halynes, per lyc. 

Jan. 19, Thomas Wright and Jane Bootham, per lycenc facuJt. 

]an. 20, ftVaunces INIichell and Josina Boovey, per lyc, 

Feb. 3, Robert Mylles and Jane Atkins, per lyc. fac. 

Feb. 5, John Whittnall and Eliz. Reade, per banes. 

Feb. 8, Thomas Smyeth and Martha Emery. 

Feb. 5, Robert Barlow and Alice Badger, per lyc. fac. 

Feb. 8, William Edsall and Dorcas W\vtte, per lyke lycence. 

Feb. 10, John Atkins and Jane Gwye. per lyc. fac. 

Feb. 12, Peeter Gocke and Mawdlen INIaulden. 

Feb. 13, John Watkins and Althee Lecester, per lyc. fa. 

Feb. 14, Thomas James and Ellen Hergest. 

Feb. 15, Phinies Darknall and Mary Newporte. 

Feb. 27, Thomas Smyeth and Alice Cleborne, per lyc. fac. 

Feb. 27, John Strap and Alice Nokes, 

Tvlarch I, James Sorrow and ffraunces Gierke, by lycence. 

March 6, Samuell Smieth and Elizabeth Sherlev. 

IMarch 30, John Sherman and Margreate Greene. 
April I, James Swell and Susan Barrett. 
April I, Thomas Mann and ]Mary Govert. 
April 8, ]\Ir. Pawle Tracy and ^largreate Moysse, per lyc. 
April II, Jeoffry Myller and Grace ffoster. 
April 12, Andrew Jones and Anne Sneeade, 
April 16, Sir John Cambell and Elizabeth Resby, per ly. fa. 
April 17, Robert Turvey and Anne Barber. 
April 20, Edward Gwill'in and Anne Jenninges, per fa. 
April 22, William Gave and INIawdlen [blank]. 
April 29, Roger Withers and Anne Allen. 
April 26, Thomas Hyde and Jouan Day. 
May 2, Thorneton Noahe and Eliz. Manton. 
May 8, Richard Symons and Joyce INlyllet, per banes. 
May 9, Thomas Stiffe and Mary Symons. 
May 22, Edward Gierke and Judeth Garden. 
May 20, William Pullen and Alice Gawen, per banes. 
May 14, ffrauncis Growly and Elizabeth Inglebearde. 
May 20, Robert Beadle and INIargreate Bonde. 
May 21, Owen Jones and Elizabeth Holland. 

I lO Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. [July, 

May 2 1, John Brookes and Bettrice Browne. 

May 30, Richard Trafford and Mary Hiitton. 

June 3, Thomas Vnderell and Sarah Hoopere. 

June 8, Thomas Layche and Eave ffolhird. 

June 20, Robert Weldone and Katherine Bambridge, per fa. 

June 24, fifraunces Leighe and Christian Thinn, per fa. 
, June 26, Davyd Densey and Marye IVIanninge. 

July 2, Robert Heyward and Anne Rose, per lye. facult. 

July 3, John Warner and Anne Pownde, per lyke lycence. 

July 8, Christofer Wood and Katherine Marler, per lye. 

July 13, James Ogleby and Katherine Eason, per lye. 

July 14, Humphrey Bridgeland and Anne ffundall, per banes. 

July 20, Henry Awdley and Anne Turner, per lye. 

July 21, Michaell Oxenton and Margreate Semans, per lye. fae. 

July 21, Roger Lewknar and Margery Comby, per lye. facult. 

July 28, James Wright and Theodoeie Bredley, per lye. fac. 

July 30, Edward Robinson and Alice Roache, per lye. faeult. 

July 30, Richard Saker and Barbere Myles, by lycenee. 

Aug. 3, Davyd Johnson and Alice Scrivener, per ly. fa. 

Aug. 13, Thomas Hull and Rose Addison, per lye. facult. 

Aug. 13, John Pawle and Anne Webb, per lye. facult. 

Aug. 13, Richard Lee and Rebeeka Parke, per lye. fa. 

Sept. 17, John Tome and Katherine Hancoeke, per lye. fac. 

Sept. 19, John Tue and Rebeeka Burd, per lye. 

Oct. 16, John Michell and Dorothye ffreeman, per lye. fae. 

Oct. 21, John Newberry and Jouhan Reade, per lye. fae. 

Nov. 12, Edward Austin and Anne Sadler /^r lye. fac. 

Nov. 20, Hughe Thomas and Dorthey Barbone, per banes. 

Nov. 24, George Traske and Mary Prosser, per banes. 

Nov. 27, Hughe Samweyes and Isabell Vernune, per lye. 

Nov. 27, ffraunees Taylour and Charety Groves, per lye. fae. 

Nov. 30, Edward fifearne and Elizabeth Hodson, per lye. fac. 

Dec. 5, George Peiree and Katherine Langley, per lye. fac. 

Dec. 5, John Hall and Margreate Trevor, per lye, 

Dec. 10, Richard Emery and Mary Broman, per \yc. 

Dec. 16, Hughe Hall and Sarah Browne, per lye. fac. 

Dec. 20, William Wollaston and Anne Whittgreaue, per lyc. fae. 

Dee. 27, Thomas Wittingham and Alice Gierke, per lye. 

Dec. 31, Richard James and Marye Treweekes, per lie. fac. 

Jan. 12, William Higgins and Mary Starky, per lyc. fac. 

P'eb. I, Thomas Wheelocke and Marye Seasbrooke, per lye. fac. 

Feb. 5, Hughe Richardson and Marye Hopkins, per lie. ex officio fa- 

Feb. 9, William Willson and Jouan Pipper, per\)-c. fae. 

Feb. 13, William Weston and Eedethe Wrigge, by licence from the 

Feb. 14, Raffe Canterell, esq., and Dame Elizabeth Leighe, per lye. 

Feb. 15, Richard Leighe and Sarah Rogers, per \yc. fac. 

Feb. 17, William Hiekes and Kaiherine ffyelder, per lyc. fac. 

Feb. 19, James Edwardes and Susan Marton, per lyc. fac. 
^- Feb. 19, ffrauneis Willmont and ffraunees Rayman, per lyc. 


1887.] Marriages al St. Mary Le Sir and, London. m 

Feb. 20, Stephen Chase and Anne Newberry, per l}-c. flic. 

Mch, 3, Nicholas Downinge and Rebecka Com ptonj/ev lye. faculties. 

]Mch. 3, Edmond Munke and Mary Watson, by licence from ye fac. 

IMch. 3, John Lincolne and Jane Envill, per lye. ab factiUal. 

Mch. 4, Thomas Williams and Anne Henry, per lye. faculties. 

Mch. 24, Henry Rysinge and Katherine Pilston, per lye. faculties. 


Apr. II, John Linche and Alice Eattin, per lye. fac. 

May 9, John Hobbes and Katherine Sell, per lye. fac' 

May 17, ffraunces Chamberlayne and Jouhan Munday, per lye. facult. 

May 22, William Cade and Susan Cocke, per lye. fac. 

May 26, Thomas Oakley and Isabell fferris, per lycence faculties. 

June 4, William Peto and Elizabeth Stoyde, by lycence from the ffac- 

June 13, George Gregory and Jouhan Latham, per lye. 

June 16, Richard Moalle and Maryan Pottle, per lye. fac. 

June 22, Davye Jones and Anne Browne, per banes. 

June 22, Thomas Denn and Anne Cater, per lye. fac. 

June 30, John Norgate and Margreate Tomlinsou, per banes. 

July II, Thomas ftox and Anne Conway, per lye. fac. 

July 24, Henry Rothman and Margreat George, per lye. ah factdl. 

July 25, George Pittman and Margreat Pye, per lye. fac. 

Aug. 4, John Pecke and Elizabethe Kinsey, per lye. faculties. 

Aug. 5, John Morgan and l^Yaunces Trevett, by lycence ab facidlal. 

Aug. 7, Edward Leetch and Susan Whitte, per lye. fac. 

Aug. II, Richard Nutley and Mary Cobbe, per lyc. fa. 

Sept. 9, Nicholas Cambridge and Elizabeth Wade, per lyc. 

Sept. 21, Thomas Woode and Sarah Collins, per lyc. fa. 

Sept. 21, John Addams and Agnes Clar];e, /^r lycence fac. 

Sept. 25, John Kirtten and Joyce Mulbury, per lyc. facult. 

Oct. 2, I'homas Jenkins and Susan Cousons, per lycence facult. 

Oct. 3, Danyell Douglas and Elizabeth Robertson,/^;- lyc. fac. 

Oct. 7, Anthony Harmor and Susan Hall, per lyc. fac. 

Oct. 8, Mathew Jones and Elizabeth Hamond, per lyc. fac. 

Oct. 28, George Thompson and Judeth Whiltingham, per lyc. fac. 

Oct. 28, Robert Beale and Dorothy Savidge, per lycence fac. 

Oct. 28, Thonias Dowgthy and Sarah Oakes, by lycence from the fac- 
ultyes office. 

Nov. 6, Oliver Cannon and Jouan Turner, per banes. 

Nov, 18, George Ryttes and Elizabeth Godderd, per lyc. faculties. 

Dec. 9, John Houghe and Jane Symondes, per lycence faculties. 

Dec. II, Thomas Yate and Anne Redborne, by lycence from the 

Dec. 1 1, George Laryman and Katherine Burde, by lyc. faculties. 

Dec. 15, Thomas Pitcher and ffraunces Swallowe, /e'r lyc. 

Jan. 5, Owen ap Hughe and Percilla Gouldwell, per lyc. faculties. 

Jan. 8, Anselme Poynton and INIary Nicholls, per lyc. faculties. 

Jan. 10, William Yem and Elizabeth Eibury, by lycence from the 

Jan. 20, William Bludder and Elizabethe Buckingham, /^r lyc. fac. 

Jan. 21, Bryan Bateson and Marye Newarke, per lycence facultyes. 

Jan. 27, Wi'lliam Powell and Jane Tunden, per lycence facult. 

112 Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, Loudon. [J^'}') 

Feb. 3, Sebastian Jarrett and Margaret Dobson, per lye. fac. 

Feb. 4, Davyd Burtham and Margery Oulde, by lycence from the 

Feb. 8, Richard Vpcher and Anne Ardys, /t'r lycence facult. 

Feb. 9, Valentine Trevett and Agnes Dover, per lycence facult. 

Feb. 12, William Bishopp and Marye Richardson, per lye. fa. 

Feb. 12, Thomas Blunt and Elizabeth Griffin, per lye. fac. 

Feb. 13, Robert Hutchingson and Isabell Rancking, per lye. facul- 


Apr. 6, Thomas Walker and Jane Penford, per lycence faculty. 

Apr. 7, Thomas Ballard and Jane Bushe, per lye. facultyes. 

Apr, 7, Henry Griffin and Jouhan Morryce, per like lycence. 

Apr. 7, Peeler Stickeley and Jane Tomlinson, per lye. fac. 

Apr. 9, John Redferne and Jane Childe, per lye. fa. 

Apr. 14, Henry Saunders and Anne Coleby, per lye. fa. 

Apr. 18, James Maylin and Elizabeth [blank], per lye. fa. 

Apr. 18, William Bingley and Jouhan Home, per banes. 

Apr. 19, John Hancoke and Amee Rawlins, per banes. 

Apr. 23, Thomas Bludder and Elizabeth Brett, per lycence facultyes. 

Apr. 24, Edmond Southen and Jouhan Childe, per lye. fac. 

Apr. 27, Richard Greenebancke and Jouhan Goulde, /^r banes. 

May 10, Robert Jones and Avis Bassett, per lycence ffacultyes. 

May 20, John fifryer, gent., and Anne Goodharte, per lye. fac. 

May 30, John Williams, alias Baker, and Elizabeth Taylour, per lye. 

June 3, John Webb and Marye Richardson, per lycence. 

June 4, John Labeend and Martha Richardson, per lycence facultyes. 

June 6, Allington Browne, of Stepney, and Elizabeth Burges, per lye. 


June 8, ffrauncis Knight and Elizabeth Barrett, per banes. 

June 9, Thomas INIanninge and Katherin Lambe, per lye. fac. 

June 10, Thomas Peirce and Judeth Turner, per lye. 

June 10, John Lynnett and Katherine Myllet, per banes. 

June 15, William Stone and Sarah Birche, per lycenc. facultat. 

June 21, Henry ffeveryere and Jouhan Williamson, per lycence. 

June 29, Stephen fTysher and Martha Roberts, per lye. fac, 

June 30, John Bubb and Rose Dawton, per banes. 

July 4, John Smiethe and Marye Cole, per lye. fa. 

July 8, Richard Addams and Susan Aldyn, per lycence fac. 

July 16, Thomas Saunders and Margaret Geldredge, /^r lye, fac. 

July 17, Thomas Hayles and Anne Spoakes, per \yc. fac, 

July 27, Anthony Gibson and firaunces, [blank] /^r lye, fa. 

Aug. 5, James Mann ley and Marye Luter, per lye. 

Aug, 29, John Gibson and Jouhan Burbey, per lye. fac. 

Aug. 31, Henry Sharwinge and Anne Atkinson, per lycence facult. 

Sept, 3, John Greene and INIargreate Marehett, per lye. fac. 

Sept, 3, George Whitte and Avys Gullhame, per lye. fac. 

Sept. 4, John Lyon and Elizabeth Jenkins, per lye. fac. 

Sept. 5, ffraunces ffawcen and Awdre Bromadge, per lye, fac. 

Sept. 7, John Allen and Anne Rippon,/^r lye. fac. 

Sept. 1 7, Roger Pratt and Anne Dearham, per lye. fac. 


Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. 

I I 

































lye. fac. 





































































Sir Edward Southcott and ffraunces Lutterell, per lye. fac. 

John Bowstred and Elizabeth Parvys, per lye. lac. 

Matthew Ridley and Jane Chapman, per lye. fac. 

John Murrey and Anne Gouldston, per lye. fac. 

John Barton and Ellenor ffarr, per lye. fac. 

Oliver Curtesse and Katherine Cocker, per lye. f acid t. 

Josias Mattyson and Sarah Randes, per lye. fac. 

Androwe Kinge and jouhan Hilton, per lye. fac. 

William Wylde and Grace Shake, per lye. fac. 

John Whitte and Alice Webb, per lye. fac. 

Charles Chichester and Anne Holmes, /^r lye. 

John Sanford and Margaret Motley, per lye. fac. 

Henry Sinckeley and jNIartha Terry, p^r lye. ffac. 

Cubitt Bennett and Jouhan Maye, per lye. fac. 

William Lee and Jane Gatlin. 

Isacke Le da voys, a flfrenchman, and Elizabeth Hill, per 

Rowland Pryce and Anne Laffyn, by lycence from thefacuit. 

William Houlden and Anne Burkes, per lycenc. facult. 

ffraunces Du Carvoy and Nicole Girrard, per lye. fac. 

Nicholas Davye and Anne Dredge, per lye. facult. 

John Harte and Alice Warde, by lycence from the ffacultyes. 

John Holford and Jouhan Dickinson, per lye. fac. 

John Mason and Isabel 1 Bales, per lye. facult. 

John Birchall and Mary Cooper, per lye. fa. 

Alver Gascoigne and Grace Woode, per lye. fac. 

Edward Collyns and Anne Whittinge, per fac. 

James Coxs and Rebecka Andros, by lycence. 

Christofer Thorneton and Alice Conoway, per lye. fac. 

Edward Aldrich and Gertrad Porter, by lycence facult. 

Edmond Marvin and Marye Vaudre, per lye. fac. 

Thomas Warryn and Susan Ewer, by lye. from the ffacult\e-. 

John Browne and Bethia Salter, per lye. fac. 

William Gape and Anne Beake, by lye. from the ffaeu t. 

Phillip Walker and Sibill Peeters, wyd :, by lycence facult. 

William Phesan and Joane Marshe. 
Nathaniell Clarke and Casandra Parker. 
Richard Clempson and Dorathy Wright. 
Edward ffevans and Ellenor Ax well. 
John Hastings and Anne ffleteher. 
Richard Grymes and Anne Robinson. 
James Deane and Elizabeth Rawe. 
William Weaner and Red {sic). 
John Taylor and Alice ffrauncis. 
Richard Parker and Elizabeth Harfflett. 
William Stotesbury and Katherine Chemley. 
John Davies and Prudence Cave, by lycence. 
John Say and Susan Tillingham. 
Christopher Mason and Grace Daniell. 
Thomas Harding and Grace Bronckar, by licence. 
Edward Kemwricke and Jone Vaughan. 

I I A /Records of the Reformed Dutch Church m New York. [July, 

CITY OF NEW YORK.— Baptisms. 

(Continued from Vol. XVIII., p. 83, of The Record.) 


Dec: 4. Thomas Slow, Eliza- Maria, 
beth Wessels. 
Johannes ten Uer, Marytje. 

Marytje de Myer. 
Pieter Van Dyk, Dirck. 
Cornelia Van Vaiik. 
8. Jan Herres, Jannetje Maria. 

II. EnogVrelant, Se', Benjamin. 
Aefje J oris Van 
Pieter Van Couwen- Samuel, 
hove, Wyntje 
15. Sjoert Olphertz : Mar- Sara, 
grietze Ver Duyn. 

Dec: 15. Jacob Pryer, Lea Samuel. 
Cornelus Cornelusse, Frans. 
Hanna Bickers. 
22. William Rose, Ra- Catharina. 
chel Riggs. 
Stephaniis Van Cort- Samuel, 
lant, Catalyna 
29. Johannes Van Nor- Johannes, 
den, Hen d ri k je 
Fredrik Sebring, Ma- Maria. 

rytje Provoost. 
Andries Meyer, Jn', Johannes. 
Geertje Wessels. 
A° 1718. 

Jan : i. Benjamin Bill, Gees- John, 
je Atkens. 

Gerret de Wendel, Geertriiy. 
Cornelia Blank. 
4. Denys Woertman, Maria. 
Margrietje Beek- 
John Cure, Gerretje William. 
8. Lammert Van Dyk, Johannes. 
Marretje H o o g- 
• lant. 


Hendrikiis Coerte, Anije 

Thomas Jacobz, Christina 
de Wilde. 

Jacobus Van Dyk, Mar- 
grietje Van Varik. 

Jan Men, Jannetje Herres. 

Frans Garbrantse, Eliza- 
beth Garbrants. 

Wynant Van Zant, Antje 

TheophiliisElseworth, Sa- 
ra Elseworth. 

Denys Woerman, Y t j e 

Victoor Bickers, Harme 
Bensen, Aaltje Bensen. 

Hendrik Riggs, Sara 

Isaac Goiiverneur, Geer- 
triiy Koeyemans. 

Wynant Van Zant, Cath- 
arina Van Zant, s. h. v. 

Johannes Sebring, Mar- 
grietje Kerflyl. 

Johannes Myer, Elsje 

Hendrik Franse, Pieter 
Christiaanse, Elsje Van 
der Spiegel. 

Johannes Symese Post, 
Ca"tharina Stevensen. 

Jacob Pryer, Maria Wal- 

Jacobus Kwik, Neeltje 
Kwik Jonge dochter. 

Jeames Renodet, Aaltje 
Hooglant, h. v. van 
Jan Van Pelt. 

1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Xav York. 

I 1 


Jan : 8. Jan Suiet, Maria Michiel. 
Jacobus Mol, Lidia Johannes. 

Samuel Pel, Marytje Samuel. 
Nota den 25. P i e t e r Lequier, Maria. 

dito. Antje de Hart. 

Jan : 12. Fredrik Bolt, Alida Rachel. 

Casparus Blank, An- Elizabeth. 

genietje Post. 
John Makinney, An- Anna. 

na Windever. 

Dirk Rhee, Elsje 
15. Thimothey Tilly, 
Elizabeth Burner. 

Jan: 15. 






Abraham Bel, 
Vrouwtje Cosyn. 

Mathys Buys, Eliza- 
beth Arianse. 

Mensfiel T o c k e r, 
Marica Harden- 

Thomas Smith, Sara 

Nathaniel Web, ]Ma- 

ria Bradjor. 
Dirk Dj-kman, Wil- 

lemyna Bas. 
Thomas Hopper, 

Baartje Slyk. 

Jacob T-enyk, Neeltje 

Pieter Van H u y g, 

Maria D y k- 

Sybrant Broil wer, Sa- 

ratje Webbers. 
Gidion Ca s t a n g, 

Tryntje Cokever, 
John Lieuwis, An- 

neke Blorn. 






I Jaar out. 







Pieter de Groof, Rebecka 

de Groof, s. h. v. 
Aaltje Statem. 

Willem Pel, Jannetje Van 

Claas Dykman, Maria 

Van Seven hove. 
Matheus Wolt, Bartholo- 
meiis Schaats, Catlyntje 
Schaats, s. h. v. 
Gerret Bras, Helena Bras, 

s. h. v. 
Pieter Brested, Anthony 
Caar, Margrietje Bres- 
Hendrik Myer, Elsje Van- 
der Spiegel, 
j Gerret de Boogen, Eliza- 
( beth, s. h^: vrouw. 
j Gerret Hassing en En- 
I geltje 8 : h^ vrouw. 

Abraham Balding, Ma- 
rytje Cosyn. 

Andries Abramse, Aaltje 

Sara Hardenbroek, Jaco- 
bus Rosevelt. 

Corneliis Joosten Van 
Seysen, Susanna Met- 

Philip Schuyler, Annatje 

Jacob Hassing, Geertje 

Elias Files, Corn el us 
Woertendyk, IM a r i a 

Andries Tenyk, Cornelia 

Cornelus DjMiman, Eliza- 
beth Dykman. 

Wolphert Webbers, Pieter- 

nella Broiiwer. 
Isaac Blank, Lidia Blank. 

Daniel Blom, 


I 1 6 Records of the R' formed Dutch Church in Niw York. [Jul}', 

Feb ; 26. 

A" 1718. OUDERS. 

Feb : 5. Jacob Pieterse, An- 
natje Katt. 
Victoor Hyer, Jan- 
netje Van Gelder. 
12. Jacobus Stouten- 
b li r g , MarETiietje 
Joseph H o u w e r d , 
Christina de Mill. 
Johannes Ter Hoef, 
Lea Hoppe. 
16. Harme Bussing, 

Saartje Sloven 
21. Corneliis Klopper, 
Jn', Catharina 
Jesse Montanje, Ger- 
retje Jeadts. 
23. Ebbeneser Moss, 
Catharina Burger. 
William Gilberts, 
INIaiia Van Zant. 

Isaac Van Deoirse, 
Anna Waldrom. 
Meert 2. Justus Bosch, An- 
natje Smith. 

Jakobiis Boke, Eliza- 
beth Burger. 

Hendrik Anthony, 
Eva Fisscher. 

Philip Daly, Cornelia 
Van Gelder. 
5. Hans Bergen, Rachel 

Yde M yer, Anna 

9. Ediiard Blagge, Jo- 
hanna Vicker-. 
12. Reyer Hanse, Mar- 

grieta de Voor. 
16. Fredrik Woertendyk, 
Diewertje Q u a k- 
Willem Rome, Se', 
Annetje Wesse's. 
19. Ediiard Man, Maria 
Van Deiirse. 
Jan A li k e, Helena 


JMaria. Corneliis Van Kats, Ma- 

ria Bodet. 

Walter. Walter Hyer, AnnekeVan 


Tobias. Hans Teller, Antje Stoii- 


Christina. Johannes Jooste Van Sey- 

sen, Catlyntje Kip. 
Matheus. Math5>s Hoppe, Antje 

Arent. Isaac Van Hoek, Neeltje 

Van Hoek. 
Pieter. Johannes Van B r u g h , 

Pi^etennella Van de 

Joseph. Albartiis Coenradiis 

Bosch, Sara Montanje. 
Engeltje. Reynier Burger, Maria 

Van der Berg. 
William. \^'ynant Van Sant, Mar- 

grietje Van Sant. 

Anna. Fredrik Willemse, Anna 

Van Deiirse. 
Isaac. Justus Bosch, Jn"^, Ger- 

retje Bosch. 
Abraham. Coenradiis Com ford, Tan- 

neke Boke. 
Engeltje. Allard Anthony, Elsje 

Van der Spiegel. 
Cornelia. Abraham Van Gelder, 

Elizabeth Daly. 
Dirk. Samson Bensen, Catlyntje 

Johannes. Johannes de Foreest, 

Tryntje de Foreest, 

s. h. v'. 
Samuel. Corneliis de Peyster, Cor- 

nelia de Peyster, s. h. v. 
Sara. Hendrick Van Bommel, 

Jannetje de Voor. 
Jacob. Pouwliis Hoppe, Aefje 


Aeltje. Frans Carbrantse, Eliza- 

beth Wessels, s. h, v. 

John. John Man, Annatje Van 


Catlyntje. Johannes ]\Ian, Annatje 
Man, s. h. v. 

1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in A'ew Fork. nn 


INIeert 23. Wolfert Webbers, 
Grietje Woerten- 

Dirk Bensen, Eliza- 
beth Rettel. 

Dirk Koek, Susan- 
na- Crigier. 

Hendrik K li >> p e r, 
Jannetje Verkerk. 

W}>nant Van Zant, 
Catharina Tenyk. 
30. C o s y n Andiiesse, 
IMargrietje Somer- 

Ahasueriis Else- 
worth, Maria Van 

jMeert 30. 


Davidt Caer, Jezyntje 

Elias B r e V o o r t , 

Grietje Shammans. 
Jacobus Van Varik, 

Anna Maria Bres- 

6. Jacobus Kwik, Sara 

JacoBiis Montagne, 

Ariaantje de Voor. 
9. Johannes Rome, Su- 
sanna Siivalje. 
Johannes D o u w , 

Sara de Freest. 
Abraham Coning, 

Siisanna de For- 

Joseph Rys, Johanna 


Philip Bleklidge, 
Willempje Sluys. 

Claas Bogert, ' Grietje 

Jan Rosevelt, Heyltje 



May 4. 

Frans Reyerse, Jen- 

neke Dy. 
Samuel Kip, Mar- 

grietje Rj'kman. 
Jan Hibon, barent z. 


Lea. Benjamin Quackenbos, 

Claasje Webber, s. h. v. 

Johannes. Harme Bensen, Aaltje 

Bensen, s. h. v. 
Cornelus. Samuel Pel, Antje Van 

Geertje. Johannes Turk, Antje 

Turk, s. h. v. 
Tobias. Johannes Van Norden, 

Hendrikje Tenyk, s. h.v. 
Theuriis. Isaac Somerendyk, Sara 


Joris. Joris Elseworth, Cadyntje 

Van Gelder. 

Davidt. Wessel Van Norde, Antje 

Slyk, Wed% 
Elias. Thomas Thammans, Ja- 

quemyntje Brevoort. 
Abraham. Abraham V. Varik, Jen- 

neke Nieuwkerk. 

Theunis. Theunis K w i k, Vroiitje 

Jan. Jan ^Nlontange, Elizabeth 

Montange, s. h. v, 
Maria. Pieter Rome, INIaria Su- 

Hendrikus. Jesse de Foreest, Reym- 

erich Appel. 
Hendrikus. Barent de Foreest, Maria 


William. Johannes Pouwelse, John 

Fares, Jannetje Poiiw- 

Zacharias. L u y k a s Stoutenburg, 

Aaltje Van Deurse. 
Anneke. Barent Barheyt, F y t j e 

Jacobus. Jacobus Rosevelt, Rachel 

Rosevelt, Jong : doch- 

Johannes. Johannes Man, Annatje 

Biirger, s. h. v. 
Samuel. Harme Rykman, INIaria 

Aaltje. Fredrik Sebring, Rachel 

I 1 8 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [July, 


Catharina Z e b e r- 
May 4. Johannes Elsworth, Sara. 
Jannetje Lengley. 
II. John Cruger, Maria Maria. 

18. Johannes Marschalk, Joris. 

Annatje Turk. 
Gerret Bras, Helena Maria. 

Christoffel van Nes, Margrietje. 

Rachel Sammans. 









Philippiis Van Bors- 
sen, Margrietje 

Fred r ik Willemse, 
Marytje Wald- 

Jan de Graaf, Marytje 
de Graaf. 

Joris Dykman, Cat- 
lyntje Theiinis. 

Hend rik Mersjear, 
Christina Hen- 

Harmaniis Rutgers, 
Catharina Myer. 

Willem Bennet, Jn', 
Mayke Laning. 

Steven Mildeman, 
Catharina Van 

Jan Van Pelt, Marytje 

Willem Vredenburg, 
Catharina Schot. 

Johannes Tibout, 
IMarytje Van De- 

Adolf de Groof, Ra- 
chel Goederus. 

Fincent B owd i ne, 
Heyltje Smith. 

William Hamend, 
Hester Storm. 

Caspariis Bosch, Jan- 
netje Maden. 




Sebring, h. v. van Joh^. 

Jeames Lengley, Sara 

Abraham Keteltas, Maria 

Cuj'ler, h. V. van Hen- 

drik Ciiyler. 
Pouwlus Turk, Elizabeth 

Hendrik Bras, Orseltje 

Thomas Sammans, Jacob 

Sammans, Jannetje 


Fredrik Willemse, Eliza- 
beth Montanje. 

Jacob Blom, Cornelia de 


Harmen Bussing, Sara 



Cornelus Dj^kman, Eliza- 


beth Dykman. 
Johannes Narburey, Hes- 

ter Bonjot. 


Anthony Rutgers, Cor- 
nelia Rutgers, s. h, v. 


John Staff, Aaltje Staff. 


Barnardus Freerman, 

Pred : Margrietje Freer- 

man, s. h. V. 


Thomas Slow, Elizabeth 



Jacobus Goelet, Annatje 



Theunis Tiebout, Antje 



Jan Hibon, Barents z. Re- 

becka Goederus. 


John b 1 i n e , Jannetje 


Hendrikiis Boele, Jan- 

netje Boele, s. h. v. 


Albartus Coenradiis 

Bosch, Anna Maria 

1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in A'tW Fort ng 


Johan. Brestede, An- 
na Maria Elsworth. 
Jiily 2. Pieter Post, Catharina 
Jacob Yeselsteyn, 
Catlyntje Van de 
July 7. Jacobus Kwik, INIaria 

Jiily 7. Jan Clerq, Margnetje 

Van Pelt. 
9. Corneliis Loiiw, Mar- 

grietje Van Bors- 

Jacobus M o e n e , 

Grietje Dirks. 
13. Johannes Sabering, 

Rachel Hibon. 
19. Theophikis Elsworth, 

Sara Verdiiyn. 
Reynier Burger, Di- 

ena Van Gelder. 
27. Johannfis Rykman, 

Cornelia Van Vlek. 
Aug: 3. Marines Roelofse, 

Diena ledesse. 














Joseph Heverland, 

Sara Reyerse. 
Bouwt Wesselse, j\Ia- Boiit. 

ria Brestede. 
Dirk Bensen, Cat- Helena. 

lyntje Bocke. 



Johannes de Foreest, 
Catharina Gerretse, 

Michiel Corneliisse, 
Elizabeth de Vour. 

Willem Bicker, Eliz- 
abeth Bicker. 





Andrew Mansfeeld, Jannetje. 
Elizabeth Thom- 

Hasiiel Mathysen, Tryntje. 
Mairetje Ryke. 

Johannes Brestede, Gerrardus. 
Rebecka O n k e 1- 


Symon Brestede, Eliza- 
beth Conninghem. 

Samuel Bayard, Margareta 
Bayard, s. h. v. 

Harmanus B e n s i n g , 
Aaltje Bensing, s. h. v. 

Andries Abramse, Jaqiie- 
myntje Abramse, s. h.v. 

Hendrik Van Pelt, Titje 

Van Pelt, s. h. v. 
Willem Walton, Maria 

Walton, s. h. v. 

Gerret Harsing, Engcltje 

Jan Hibon, Catharina 
Hibon, s. h. v. 

Johannes Elsworth, An- 
netje Elsworth. 

Mans Burger, Teiiutje 
Van Gelder. 

Abraham Van Vl-&-cq, 
Catharina Van Vlecq. 

Huybert Van den Berg, 
Tenntje Van den Berg, 
Catharina Sharp. 

Hendrik Tiboiit, Sara 

Hendrikiis Brestede, 
Geertje Wessels. 

Abraham Bocke, Jaqiie- 
myntje Bocke, Wed. : 
Van Hend : Brevoort. 

Loiiwerens Van der Spie- 
gel, Judith Gerretse, 

Cornelus Michielse, Eliz- 
abeth Michielse, s. h.v. 

Primes Calient, Susan 
Cap^ Eduard Blagg 

John Thomson, Maria 

Pieter Brestede, Grietje 
Brestede, s. h. v. 

Gerret Onkelbag, Jenneke 

1 20 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Fork. [July^ 

A' 171S. 




Willem Tihl, Sara 
De Paw. 


Jan Wilckes, Mar- 


ug : 29. 

grietje Dow. 
H e n d r i k Van de 


Water, Elizabeth 
Rutgerd Waldrom, 
Cornelia Maas. 
31. Wilhelmiis B e e k- 
man, Martha Matt. 

Jan Van B li y r e n , 

Marytje Myer. 

Johannes Man, An- 
natje Bdrger. 

Robberd Livingston, 
J"", Margreta How- 

Cornelus Tiirk, Eliz- 
abeth Van Schaik. 

Anthony R li t ge r s, 
Cornelia Roos. 
Sept : 3. Pieter Bant, Martha 
7. Davidt Provoost, Jon- 
athans z : Christina 
14. Philip Van Cortlant, 
Catharina de Peys- 
17. Abraham Van 
Deu r s e. Lucre tia 
21. Gerret Van Gelder, 
Anna Quik. 
Victoor Bicker, Eva 
24. Jaco bus Renaudet, 
Belitje Hooglant, 
Abraham Blank, Ma- 
ria Loiiwrence. 
Frans de Vries, Ra- 
chel Eckeson. 

Sept : 24. Johannes Van Gel- 
der, H a r m^ z : 
Sara Van Deiirse. 







W i 1 1 e m De Piiw, Eva 

Jacob Pieterse, Annatje 

Pieterse, s. h. v. 

Thomas Schilman, Baafje 
Van de Water. 

Gerret de Freest, Cor- 
nelia de Freest. 

Johannis Beekman, Mag- 
dalena Beekman, h. v. 
van Doc'" Gor'i. Beek- 

Johannes Myer Andriesz, 
Cornelia Basset, Wed^. 

Gerret Burger, Sara Bur- 
ger, s. h. v. 

Roberd Livinston, Catha- 
rina Staats, Wed^ 

Johannes de Graaf, An- 
netje Tiirk, h. v. van 
Joh. Tiirk 


Gerret Roos, Aaltje Pro- 

voost, Syn Siister. 


Thomas Schilman, Ann. 



Fredrik Sebring, Elizabeth 



Steve de Lance, Margreta 



Franck Chiles, Cornelia 

Chiles, s. h. v. 


Johannes Van Gelder, 

Joh^ z: Belitje Quik. 
Jurian Witvelt, Pieternella 


Davidt Provoost, Helena 



Isaac De Riemer, Maria 



Thomas Montanje, Lys- 

beth Eckeson. 


Harmaniis Van Gelder, 

Teuntje Van Gelder, s. 
h. V. 

iSSy.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Fork. 


A° 1718. OUDERS. 

28. Jacob Sammans, Cat- 
lyntje Bensen. 

Jan Hibon, Johan^ z: 
Antje Stymets. 
Ock : I . Jacob G o e 1 e t , Jn', 
Catharina Boele. 

Ock : 5. Frans Van Dyk, Re- 

siile Montras. 
Hendrikus Van der 

Spiegel, A n n e k e 

Pieter De Groof, Re- 

b e c k a Goederus, 

Isaac Bratt, Dievertje 


Hans Kierstede, Ma- 
ria Van Vlecq. 
. . Egbert Van Biirssom, 
Elizabeth Bensen. 
22. Willem Rome, Sara 

26. Gidion Lynse, Jan- 

netje Herres. 
29. Jeremiah Borres, Cor- 
nelia Eckeson. 
Nov : 9. Jacob D_vkman, Jan- 
netje Kierse. 
Andries Coejemans, 
Geertriiy Staats. 

Samuel Janson, Ma- 
ry tje Van Pelt. 

Nicolaas Daly, Eliza- 
beth Crigier. 

Cornelus R o m m e , 

Maria Kierstede. 
Theiinis Van Woert, 

Angnietje Van der 

Anthony Byvank, 

Teiintje Laning. 
Hendrikus Kermer, 

Jaqiiemyntje Rav- 


Nov : 9. 



Elizabeth. Matheiis Bensen, Johan^ 
z : M ar re tj e Van 

Catharina. Jan Plyer, Jannetje Hyer, 
s. h. V. 

Catharina. Jacobiis Goelet, S"', Cath- 
arina Boele, h. v. van 
Jacob Boele. 

Petrds. Casparus Blank, Angnietje 

Blank, s. h. v. 

Wilhelmus. Samuel Provoost, Aafje 
Provoost, h. v. van 
Will. Provoost. 

Pieter, Adolph De Groof, Jen- 

neke De Groof, Wed^ 

Parent. i Barent Bratt en Jacob 

< Bratt, Susanna Bratt en 
( Antje Van de Boog. 
J Samdel Pel, Margrietje 
1 Wessels. 
Jacobus Kierstede, Sara 

Van Ranst. 
Dirk Bensen, Elizabeth 

Johannes Rom en, An- 

natje Marschalk. 
Joort Lynse, Elizabeth 

Lynse, s. h. v. 
Liiykas Stoutenburg, Ap- 

lony Van Aarneni. 
Gerret Dykman, Catha- 
rina Baerk. 
Isaac Goiivernedr, Jan- 
netje Koejemans, Wed. , 
Van Dirk Bensen. 
Jan Van Pelt, Elsje Hen- 

Samiicl Philips, Cornelia 

Willem Elseworth, Pieter- 
nella Elseworth. 

Rykert Van Dam, An- 
natje Van der Spiegel. 

Ediiard Sttiward, Wyntje 

Johannes de F o r e e s t , 

Trj-ntje de F o r e e s t , 

s. h. V. 












122 The Eigenbrodls of NlW York. [July, 


By the Rev. Beverley R. Betts. 

The family of Eigenbrodt has been established in New York for less 
than a hundred years ; but it has made a reputation which is well worth 
preserving. It has been a part of the work of The Record, from its be- 
ginning, not only to collect genealogical details, useful indeed, yet by no 
means light and easy reading, but also to give, from time to time, bio- 
graphical sketches of worthies who have done their duty in their day and 
generation. The Eigenbrodts have been eminently good citizens and 
good men. They have always been modest and unobtrusive ; but they 
have exercised a great and permanent influence upon society. 

The father, Lewis Ernest Andrew Eigenbrodt, the celebrated Principal 
of Union Hall Academy, Jamaica, New York, was the son of VVilhelm 
Ernest Eigenbrodt, who had been in early life a lieutenant of cavalry in 
the Dutch service, by his intermarriage with Elizabeth Dorothy, daughter 
of M. Henri, a Metropolitan in the Lutheran Church, living at Grossen 
Gerau, near the Rhine. The young Lewis was born September 22, 1773, 
at Lauterbach, an entailed estate of his father's in the Lordship of Itta, a 
Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was educated first under a private 
tutor, and afterwards at the Gymnasium of Cerback in the principality of 
Waldeck. He entered the University of Giessen and graduated thence in 
1793. after a full course in Divinity. He was master of seven languages, 
skilled in mathematics, astronomy, and engineering, and distinguished 
for his attainments in general literature. Mr. Eigenbrodt came to the 
United States in September, 1793. He lived for four years at New Bar- 
badoes. New Jersey, employing himself in private tuition and in prose- 
cuting his studies in languages and the higher sciences. On the 14th of 
August, 1797, he became Principal of Union Hall Academy in Jamaica, 
L. L, which had then been recently established. It was founded in 
1792, and built by subscriptions. Among the contributors were George 
Clinton and John Jay. It was incorporated the same year upon the ap- 
plication of James Foster and forty-nine other gentlemen. Its infancy 
appears to have been a troublous one ; for in its first five years it had no 
less than seven principals, among whom was the accomplished but eccen- 
tric William Martin Johnson, a sort of modern Crichton, whom indeed 
he resembled, not only in his marvellous learning, but in his misfortunes 
and his early death. Under Mr. Eigenbrodt's rule the Academy entered 
immediately upon a career of prosperity and renown. His zeal, his ability, 
and his learning won for him a high reputation ; scholars flocked to him 
from distant States, and even from the West India Islands, which were 
then in the zenith of their prosperity. Among his distinguished or 
favorite scholars may be named Bishop De Lancey and the Rev. Drs. 
Creighton, Forbes, and Morton, eminent as churchmen ; William Betts 
and John Van Buren, distinguished lawyers ; Edward Delafield, a cele- 
brated physician ; James H. Hackett, educated for the bar, but who 
afterwards made himself famous in another way ; Frederic de Peyster, 
James de Peyster, Frederic King,* Sir Thomas Finlay, and many other 

* Frederic King was the youngest son of Rufus King, of Jamaica, and a physician 
of great ability and promise. He died at an early age in 1S29. Sir Thomas Finlay 
was the eldest son of David Finlay, a young Irish gentleman, who went to Santa 

1887.] The Eigenbrodts of New York. I2'2 

gentlemen of honor and repute. Dr. Eigenbrodt was at the head of the 
Academy for more than thirty years. Three years after his himented 
death, which occurred in the fulness of his usefulness, and in the ripe- 
ness of his manhood, at the age of fifty-five, his place was filled by the late 
Henry Onderdonk, Jr., who proved a worthy and competent successor. 
Mr. Onderdonk was a native Long Islander, a cousin of the late Bishop 
Onderdonk, a scion of a family which has been settled in North Hemp- 
stead for two centuries. He was born June 11, 1804. He graduated at 
Columbia College, New York, in 1827, He was an elegant and accom- 
plished classical scholar and an admirable teacher. He was made Prin- 
cipal of Union Hall Academy in 1832, and finally retired from it in 1865, 
From that time to his death, June 22, 1886, he devoted himself to liter- 
ary labors. The old Academy, as it was called, in which Dr. Eigenbrodt 
taught, was appropriated in 1820 to a female department which was then 
established, and was used for that purpose until 1840, when it was acci- 
dentally destroyed by fire. This school is still carried on in a handsome 
building, erected for its use in 1843. -^ ^^^^ ^^^ larger building, com- 
pleted in 1820, was used as the boys' school, until about ten or twelve 
years ago, when it was converted into dwelling-houses, and the male de- 
partment of that celebrated Academy was discontinued. It was crushed, 
in fact, like many other academies, between the upper and the nether 
millstone of the private schools of New York and the modern free schools. 

On the i8th of October, 1799, the day of the funeral, Mr. Eigenbrodt 
delivered an oration on General Washington. He married, October 5, 
1805, Sarah, daughter of David Lamberson, a well-known and respected 
citizen of Jamaica. In 1825 he received the degree of LL.D. from Union 
College, Schenectady, N. Y. He died August 30, 1828. " In his man- 
ners,'' says Thompson in his History of Long Island, "Dr. Eigenbrodt 
was modest and unpretending; in his habits, temperate and retiring; 
and in all the endearing relations of husband, father, citizen, and friend, 
kind, aflfectionate, generous, and exemplary. There are those who have 
enjoyed a more brilliant reputation and filled a larger space in the public 
eye ; but none in whom the mild and gentle virtues have shone more 
clearly, or by whom they have been more steadily and effectively incul- 
cated." Dr. Eigenbrodt,' as at that time was very usual with German 
Lutherans, conformed at an early age to the English Church ; he was a 
devout member and an efficient vestryman of Grace Church, Jamaica, and 
his remains repose in the parish church-yard. 

His eldest son, George Lewis Eigenbrodt. was born in Jamaica, 
Sept. II, 1808. He graduated from Union College, Schenectady. In 
1854, he married Mary daughter of George Sheafe, of Philadelphia, and 
grand-daughter of Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, President of the Con- 
vention that ratified the Constitution of the United States, and first speaker 

Cruz as manager (a position then ordinarily filled by young men of birth and educa- 
tion) of the estates of Becksgrove and Clermont, at that time the property of Man- 
ning Lake. Mr. Lake's daughters and heiresses, Maria and Susanna, married re- 
spectively David Finlay and Samuel Betts. The Finlays afterwards returned to Ire- 
land, and the estates came into the possession of Mr. Betts. The emancipation of 
the blacks, however, with other causes, led to their alienation a few years after his 
death. Among Dr. Eigenbrodt's West Indian scholars, were also John Finlay and a 
cousin, Edward Lake ; and if the memory of the writer serve him rightly, the late 
Lewis Cruger. Richard Brush, prol)ably the last survivor of the scholars of that age, 
died at Jamaica, L. I., on the second of April, 18S7, in his Syth year. 

124 The Eigmbrodts of Nav Vork. [J^-'I^'j 

of the House of Representatives. Mrs. Eigenbrodt was a double first 
cousin of the Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, D. D., whose mother was a 
sister of Mr. Sheafe, and whose father was Henry William IMuhlenberg, a 
brother of Mrs. Sheafe. Mrs. Eigenbrodt died in November, 1882, and 
Mr. Eigenbrodt, March 7, 1867. They left no children. Both were 
buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia. 

The second son, David Lamberson Eigenbrodt, was born Sept. 5, 
1 8 10. He graduated from Washington, now Trinity College, Hartford, 
Connecticut, in 1831, and from the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
in New York in 1835. He was at one time a surgeon in the New York 
Hospital, and at another physician in charge of the cholera hospital at 
Bellevue, during the pestilence in New York. In April, 1838, he went to 
St. Jago de Cuba and there practised medicine for fifteen years. Return- 
ing to New York in 1853, he lived privately for several years, devoting 
himself to quiet study and works of benevolence and charity. In 1858, 
he was persuaded by the Rev. Dr. Muhlenberg to organize both the 
Surgical and Medical Departments of St. Luke's Hospital, then just es- 
tablished, and to take charge of that Institution, as its first resident physi- 
cian. He was well qualified for this work by his long and varied profes- 
sional experience. He gave his valuable and faithful services gratuitously 
for a year, and at the end of that time again retired to private life. Greatly 
honored and beloved while living, he died lamented, January 3, 1880. 

The third son, William Ernest Eigenbrodt, is a clergyman. He was 
born at Jamaica, June 10, 18 13. He received his early training at Union 
Hall Academy, and graduated at Columbia College, New York in 1831. 
He completed his professional studies in the General Theological Semi- 
nary in New York in 1838, and was ordained deacon by the Right Rever- 
end Benjamin T. Onderdonk, Bishop of New York, July i, 1838. He 
was ordained priest by Bishop De Lancey, July 14, 1839. While he was 
still a student and before his ordination, he was called to the rectorship of 
St. Peter's Church, Bainbridge, Chenago Co., N. Y., of which church 
he took charge in the early summer of 1838. In 1842, he removed to 
Grace Church, afterwards known as St. Paul's, Rochester, JNIonroe County, 
New York. In 1846, he was made Rector of All Saints' Church, New 
York, succeeding the Rev. Benjamin I, Haight, D. D. , who was at that 
time transferred to Trinity. The latter distinguished divine was con- 
nected with Trinity Church until his death in 187S, and rose to the posi- 
tion of Assistant Rector. Dr. Haight had the special charge of Trinity 
Church for many years, where his Wednesday lectures, delivered in the 
middle of the day, drew crowds of business men to hear him. In 1855, 
Columbia College, upon nomination by the late William Betts, conferred 
the degree of S. T.D. upon Mr. Eigenbrodt, and in 18S4, the General 
Theological Seminary gave him the same degree. From 1858 to 1862, 
Dr. Eigenbrodt was associate minister of Calvary Church, New York, of 
which the Rev. Francis L. Hawks, LL. D., was then the Rector.* In 
the latter year Dr. Eigenbrodt was elected Professor of Pastoral Theology 
in the General Theological Seminary, New York, a position which he still 

* Dr. Hawks withdrew from Calvary Church in the early part of the civil wax in 
consequence of certain political dissensions in his congregation. After a brief retire- 
ment at Staten Island, he took charge of a church in New York, which was built for 
him by some of his many devoted friends. His successor at Calvary Church was the 
Rev. Arthur Cleveland Coxe, the present Bishop of Western New York. 

1887.] The Eigenbrodls of Ne^v York. I 2 r 

retains. Dr. Eigenbrodt succeeded Dr. Haight in 1854, as Secretary of 
the Convention of the Diocese of New York, and continued in office for 
twenty-nine successive years until 1S83, a period of time covering the 
whole active episcopate of the late Bishop Horatio Potter. He was also 
Secretary of the Standing Committee of that Convention from i860 to 1885. 

In addition to pastoral work and the arduous duties of his professor's 
chair, this energetic and accomplished divine has found time, not only to 
give much thought and labor to the affairs of various religious corpora- 
tions with which he has been connected, but also to pursue his private 
studies. Dr. Eigenbrodt has given much attention to the study of church 
law, and his opinions and advice, especially in difficult cases, are sought 
for and highly valued by churchmen in all parts of the country. 

Before leaving this branch of the subject the writer desires to make his 
acknowledgments to the Rev. Dr. Eigenbrodt, who has for many years 
been his esteemed and personal friend, for the promptness and fullness 
with which that gentleman responded to his request for the information 
which was necessary to enable him to prepare the present sketch. The 
account of Captain Charles Eigenbrodt, which is immediately to follow, 
will be taken word for word from Dr. Eigenbrodt's letter. 

The fourth son of the elder Dr. Eigenbrodt, was his namesake, Lewis 
Ernest Andrew. He was born Septem.ber 21, 1821, and died June 4, 
1844, at the early age of twemy-two. The fifth son was Charles Sayres 
Eigenbrodt, born March 20, 1825. "Full of spirit and enterprise," says 
his brother, "he joined a band of pioneers who went to California in 
1S49. * There he passed fifteen years and won great respect in the com- 
munities with which he was associated in various enterprises. When the 
civil war broke out it found him established on a beautiful and valuable 
ranch at Alameda ; but his sense of duty to his country and its govern- 
ment impelled him to offer his services in the army. He raised in Cali- 
fornia a bafalion of cavalry, and in March, 1863, he brought them on to 
Washington, where they were enrolled in the regiment of the second 
Massachusetts Cavalry. They were at once put into service and kept ac- 
tively employed in very dangerous places and suffered very severely. He 
was a brave and noble officer, beloved by his comrades and men ; and 
fell while he was at the head of his force, and leading them in a charge in 
the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, on the 21st day of August, 1S64 ; "giv- 
ing" he adds, " his ii!e roost nobly for his country." 

The sixth son, Frederick Henri, was born July 11, 1827, and died in 
infanc', September 13, 1828. 

The eldest daughter, Catharine Louisa, was born April 4, 1S15. In 
1852 she married, son of Peter Ledyard and INIary Bruce Vander- 
voort. He died October 4, 1866. Mrs. Vandervoort died May 6, 1881, 
leaving no children. Both are buried in the parish churchyard at 
Jamaica, where also lie the elder Dr. Eigenbrodt and his wife, and their 
children, David, Charles, and Frederick. 

The second daughter, Sallie, is still living, and is unmarried. The 
third daughter, Elizabeth Dorothy, was married in 1859 to the Rev. Di. 
Theodore A. Eaton, at that time, and still, rector of St. Clement's 
Church, New York. Mr. Eaton is a son of the late venerable Dr. Asa 

* Among the pioneers of 1S4S and 1349, were many young New Yorkers of high 
social standing. One of the sons of Robert Emmet, Temple, wisely devoting himself 
to his profession, rose to high judicial honors in California. 

126 The Gravestone of Mary Willet. [J"b'' 

Eaton, who was for many years rector of old Christ Church, Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts. Both are still living. 

This is a brief sketch of a family whose career in New York has been, 
if not long, certainly useful and indeed distinguished. The father, a wise 
and learned teacher, and a good man, helped to form the characters and 
mould the minds of many men, who were themselves, in their turn, the 
guides and leaders of their generation in the higher walks of life. Two 
of the sons, following the liberal professions of medicine and divinity, 
have led industrious and useful lives, which have made not less deep and 
permanent an impression upon society. A third, as a soldier, did his 
duty, and lost, at an early age, a life, which gave as fair a promise of 
future usefulness. It is to be regretted that the history of the Eigenbrodts 
of New York is likely to close with the second generation. In its native 
land, indeed, it has maintained, and still maintains, its character and po- 
sition. Its members have held high office at the Court of Darmstadt. 
One of them has been a Privy Councillor, another a celebrated physician ; 
but in this State, the family is likely to end in its only surviving member. 
Apart, however, from the good that it has done, its career has been an ex- 
ample of virtue and of duty. The Eigenbrodts have been a family of a high 
Christian character, the aim of whose lives has been to promote the glory 
of God, and to do their duty to their fellow-men, modestly and unobtru- 
sively, it may be, yet efficiently and well. 


By Commander Edward Hooker, U.S.N. 

Some months ago I discovered that an error existed upon the grave- 
stone of Mrs. Thomas Willet, but having been told that Savage in his 
Genealogical Dictionary had pointed out and explained the error, I took 
no further note of it, until, a few days ago, when having an opportunity to 
see what Savage had to say about it, I did so, and was surprised to find 
that he had utterly failed to explain it, while he made the matter worse 
by assuming that the stone was erected to the second wife, and described 
her as the only wife ; neither of which is correct. 

Savage also says, "Probably the year of death was eighteen years 
earlier " than that given on the stone, though he gives no reason for say- 
ing eighteen rather than sixteen or nineteen, or any other number of 
years, and such a mistake in the date would certainly be an unaccount- 
able one. The inscription reads : 


Here lyeth y^ body of 

ye vertuous ^"- Mary 

Willet, wife to thomas 

Willet esq' who died 

January y^ 8, about y^ 65 

year of her age 


Daughter to 

y* Wor" John 

Brown esqr 


1887.] The Agreement bclween Joseph OrmisioJi and James Alexander. 127 

The first part of the inscription is upon the headstone and the last part 
on the footstone. 

This inscription tells its story very plainly, and there can be no ques- 
tion as to which wife it commemorates, while it does not say anyihin"- 
about her being his only wife. 

There is a mistake in the date, not the cumbersome and unaccount- 
able one suggested by Savage, but one very simple and very easily ac- 
counted for, while it is one of considerable importance if not properly 

In cutting the date the stone-cutter has reversed a 6 and made it a 9, 
so that the date reads 1699 when it should read 1669; that is all, and 
with this correction the inscription is made perfectly correct. 

Thomas Willet's second wife was not buried near him, and the reason 
is very plain. 

His first wife, Mary Brown — to whom the stone above referred to was 
erected — died January 8th, 1669. He married Sept. 19, 1671, for his 
second wife, Joanna, widow of Peter Prudden. Thomas Willet died 
August 4th, 1674, leaving this second wife a widow, and soon afterward she 
married for her third husband John Bishop, of Boston, and without a doubt 
she died there, and her grave is by the side of that of her third husband, 
and if any stone marks the grave it bears the name of Joanna Bishop. 

Savage is also in error in recording this marriage. He says John 
Bishop married Joanna, daughter of Capt. Thomas Willet and widow of 
Peter Prudden. This is not so. Thomas Willet had no daughter 

Joanna, and John Bishop married Joanna, daughter of Boyse, of 

Edgeton, England, and widow first of Peter Prudden, and second of 
Thomas Willet. 


Communicated by Miss Elizabeth Clarkson Jay. 

An entire and exact copy of the agreement between Joseph Ormiston 
and James Alexander upon the coming of the laiter to America. 

It is mutually agreed betwixt Joseph Ormston of London, IMerchant, 
and James Alexander, Gent., that whereas the said James Alexander doth 
carry with him to New York and Jersey, a cargo of goods, amounting to 
the value of eighty pounds sterling or thereabouts, the said Joseph doth 
insure to the said James Alexander that he shall receive them at the rate 
of one hundred and eighty pounds of that country money, for one hun- 
dred here, free of all charges, and what he shall fall short thereof, he will 
pay the same to his order at sight, and also the said James Alexander 
doth agree to pay to the said Joseph whatever he shall sell for more than 
the rate above mentioned. 

Witness our hands at London 
this 1 2th May, 171 5. Joseph Ormston 

witness Chas. Dunster. James Alexander. 

Mr. James Alexander, London, April, 1716. 


We the under Subscribing Proprietors of the Province of New Jersey, 
having received a very good character of you both with regard to your pro- 

128 The Agreement between Joseph Orviiston and James Alexander. [July, 

bity and honesty, as also of your vigilance and application, have appoint- 
ed you to be the Receiver General and Collector of the Quit Rents, and 
the arrears that are due thereupon, and according we do enclosed, send 
you our commission with full power and authority to act in that station, 
as also an order from his Majesty, our most gracious King to the Gov- 
ernor, to admit and countenance you in the execution of the office. 

The Quit Rent Roll we do presume will be delivered to you by ]\Ir. 
John Barclay, whereby you will see the names of every land holder, and 
the respective sums each is to pay for Quit Rent of the number of acres 
possessed, who must produce receipts to acquit them of arrearages. 

We presume that the whole will amount to about £350 sterling per 
annum, which is equal if not superior to £500 per annum of the country 

We believe that the strange distractions and divisions that prevailed 
under Basses administration, and the few last years of the Proprietors, 
have brought many of the people into a belief, that nothing is overdue, 
because they have been disused to pay, but we desire you to spare none 
of them, but consult with the best in the country upon proper methods 
10 compel them, and if there should happen that such a corrupt jury 
should be found as contrary to all justice (which is as clear by the patents 
on our side as the sun) to bring in a verdict against us, we desire you to 
lodge an appeal, and to send over all the necessary papers and instruc- 
tions for determining of it here. We hope you will not tread in the cor- 
rupt paths and steps of your predecessors in this post, but in a faithful 
honest discharge of the trust committed to you. 

Pursue those methods that will most tend to our interest, to be dili- 
gent in recovering what money you can of such as are both willing and 
able to pay, and please to remit the same either in gold or good Bills of 
Exchange unto J. Edward Rickier, or Richier, of Aldermanbury, till our 
further order. 

To the King's most excellent Majesty. 

The Petition of the Proprietors of 
Nova Cesarea, or New Jersey in America. 

Humbly sheweth. That the 
Proprietors have at their very great charge settled and cultivated that Pro- 
vince, and to promote the peopling thereof, have granted to the inhabitants 
several very great tracts of land (which they are in possession of), the Pro- 
prietors only reserving to themselves a small acknowledgement as quit rent. 
That the Proprietors have appointed James Alexander, gent., to be 
their receiver and Collector-General of the said reserved rents. 

They therefore humbly pray that his INIajesty would be pleased to 
direct his Governor of the said province to admit the said Mr. Alexander 
into his office of Collector and Receiver-General of the said rents, and to 
be aiding and assisting him therein, and speedily to determine all con- 
troversies concerning the same according to the known laws and statutes. 

Joseph Ormston, 

Joseph Ormston, for Joseph Wright, 

Cha^ Dunstar, 

ChaS Dominique, 

Rob'. Michael, 

Cha^. Michael, 

John Whiting. 

1887.] Affien'az Heraldka. j 9q 


Second Notice. 

This singularly sumptuous and laborious work is now completed. It 
consists of sixteen large plates, each containing as many coats of arms prop- 
erly drawn in gold, silver, and colors ; of a large number of coats of arms 
engraved, but not tinctured ; of the crests and mottoes attached to each ; 
and of brief accounts of the families to which they respectively belong. 
Great pains have been taken to secure accuracy and authenticity. No 
arms have been admitted except such as have been known to have been 
borne by successive generations since the beginning of the eighteenth 
century. An appendix contains an alphabetical index giving the blazon 
or technical description of the arms in the plates, a supplementary index 
of old American families not mentioned in the book itself, with engrav- 
ings of their arms, and many corrections and additions. A vocabulary of 
heraldic terms, prepared by Charles E. S. Rasay, follows ; and the volume 
ends with a modest and well-written " postscript," by Mr. Vermont him- 
self In a former notice we said that the conception of this work was ex- 
cellent and the mechanical execution admirable. Now, with the complete 
work before us, we are able to add that the conception has been carried 
out and that Mr. Vermont has shown himself to be a skilful herald and 
has done a work which is in all respects honest, true, and trustworthy. 
The readers of the review of the first two parts in the January Record, 
will remember that those parts were criticised freely and strictly, possibly 
indeed, with unnecessary energy. Our purpose, however, was, in the 
most friendly spirit, to impress upon the minds of the author and his 
clients, the necessity of perfect accuracy and of extreme carefulness. 
Our remarks appear to have been received in the spirit in which they 
were made. INIr. Vermont has taken very great -pains to work out 
the plan which he mentions in his preface, of producing a "complete 
and final list of American families having proved peremptorily their an- 
cestral right to coat-armor. " This, however, he appears to have found 
a more onerous undertaking than he had anticipated ; and in his post- 
script, he modestly, but rightly, describes his work as a " comprehensive, 
but not in any way exhaustive book." In this modification of his orig- 
inal design the author has shown wisdom and judgment. To expect 
final and complete results would be hardly reasonable ; and to assume 
to have attained them might give just offence to any honorable families 
which, in the greatness of his labors, he might have happened to over- 
look. Accuracy, carefulness, and thoroughness are all that can be asked 
for in a work like this, unique in its conception and design, though 
modelled to some extent upon the Livres d'Or of older countries. 
These things have been accomplished ; and the work may be safely 
regarded as an authority, so far, at all events, as the authenticity of the 
arms, and the right of the families to bear them are concerned. With 
regard to the derivations from English or continental stocks, we will give 
no opinion. Doubtless, many oi^ the pedigrees can be verified ; in some 

* America Heraldica. A Compilation of Coats of Arms, Crests, and Mottoes 
of Prominent American Families Settled in this Country before iSoo. Edited by 
E. de V. Vermont. Illustrated by Henry Rykers. Folio. New York : Brenlano 
Brothers, 18S7. 

J iQ America Heraldica. [July, 

cases, the information given in the text and by the aims does little more 
than point out the direction in which inquiries may profitably be made ; 
and in others, old and honorable families have been contented to live on 
and do their duty in successive generations and have taken no pains to 
trace their descent beyond their respective founders. ]\Ir. Vermont, 
however, has taken great pains to be accurate, and in every case, has 
pointed out precisely what is known, neither more nor less, and he has 
done wisely ; for the days are passed in which vague family traditions can 
be accepted as authentic history. INIodern genealogists require proof and 

Mr. Vermont had added a seventeenth sheet of colored plates, con- 
taining corrected drawings of sixteen coats of arms which had been drawn 
wrong at first, either by reason of his having been led astray by false in- 
formation, or of mistakes on the part of his artists ; and he has made in 
his index many important corrections, and has inserted much new infor- 
mation. The index itself is a valuable work. We have already described 
it, and we will now merely commend the carefulness and general accu- 
racy of Mr. Vermont's blazoning. To blazon well with clearness and 
conciseness, is the test of the capacity of a true herald. There may be 
occasionally a little stifi"ness or unnecessary repetition, and we are dis- 
posed to think that there are too many commas and semicolons. The 
best modern authorities, such as Gough, Howard, and Nichols, use as 
little punctuation as possible. These, however, are but trifles. The real 
object, conciseness and clearness, has been attained. Mr. Rasay, in his 
vocabulary, has given what Mr, Vermont justly calls a "series of defini- 
tions, which combine happily— in our opinion — a finished originality of 
expression with a due respect for accepted traditions," This praise is 
merited ; yet we must be pardoned if we say that there are occasional in- 
accuracies. Affrontee, for instance, is not the same as gardant. In the 
former case the whole figure is turned toward the spectator, in the latter 
only the face. The difference may be easily seen in the attitude of the 
lion in the crest of Scotland and of the lions in the arms of England. 
Bendways and fessways are not necessarily the same as in bend and in 
fess. Confrontee, terrass, and tierce are French terms of art which are 
less familiar, and perhaps not as expressive as the English, respecting 
each other, mount in base, and triparted. Counterpassant is not passing 
in opposite directions, but passing to the sinister. A garb is not a sheaf 
of grain but a wheat-sheaf. If it be of any other grain it must be speci- 
fied, as a garb of barley or of rye. Passant is the walking of beasts 
of prey, trippant of beasts of chase. These, however, are but trifling 
blemishes. The work does Mr. Rasay great credit. 

We will say a few words about some of the arms, not now by way of 
criticism, which Mr. Vermont's candor and diligence have happily ren- 
dered unnecessary, but only as a slight addition to the information which 
he gives. We have not been able to find the arms of Endicott and Brat- 
tle in our large manuscript French and English Ordinaries, nor indeed 
anywhere else ; yet they appear to be both authentic and genuine. We 
are disposed to prefer Mr. Vermont's second blazon of the Winslow arms 
to the first, since it approaches nearer to that in Gore's roll, and those 
given by Burke and Berry. The drawing, however, is a little different 
ftom that in the plate. Gore's roll gives for Checkley or Chickley, Azure 
a chevron between three mullets or. The field argent, as given by Mr. 

18S7. ] ' Gen. George Sears Greene. 


Vermont, is an obvious misprint. The book plate of the late Bishop 
Provoost, we honestly confess, has been a source of perplexity to us for 
many years. The paternal arms, which, however, cannot be made out 
very distinctly, are different from those of any French family of Prevost, 
and we have not been able to find them in any ordinary, nor have we 
been able to verify Mr. Vermont's suggestion that the impaled arms are 
those of some old form of Provoost. They are English, and belong to 
Bomsted. How they came into the bishop's bearings, however, is a 
mystery which we will not undertake to solve. The late Bishop Hop- 
kins, of an Irish branch of the Coventry family, brought with him from 
Ireland his paternal arms in their unaugmented form : Sable on a 
chevron between three pistols or as many roses gules. The modern 
arms of the Maryland Hopkinses appear to have been founded upon 
these, though they have not made out their relationship to the old 
Warwickshire family, which, as Dr. Hopkins tells us, was of standing 
and repute as long ago as the time of Richard II. The Lawrences 
of Iver, perhaps more familiarly known as of St. Ives, who bore the 
augmented arms which Mr. Vermont rightly attributes to them, appear 
to have been an offshoot from the old Ashton family. It was per- 
fectly well known to us many years ago, that the relationship of the 
American Lawrences (except, probablv, those of Jamaica, W. I.) to these 
old families was a matter of conjecture only ; and so it has continued to 
this day. We beg respectfully to say that not all descendants of the 
Lawrences are affected by any "fond belief" in vague traditions which 
cannot be verified. The arms painted on the late Mr. Beekman's car- 
riage gave a swan's neck or, in base, instead of the second rose. We do 
not undertake to explain this variation ; we merely mention it. A 
drawing made by us many years ago from an old engraving of the Van 
Wyck arms gives them as they are in Plate XVII. ; but it adds two grif- 
fins argent for supporters, the dexter holding a banner, sable a cross or, 
the staff of the last, the sinister a banner as the inescutcheon. The shield 
is ensigned with a ducal coronet. Finally, we thank Mr. Vermont for his 
excellent drawing of the great seal of the United States. We are almost 
disposed to regret that it did not occur to him to perpetuate the memory 
of the true arms of the State of New York, of which an admirable paint- 
ing exists at Columbia College ; but which are likely to be lost and for- 
gotten, if they are to be permitted to be superseded by the curious substi- 
tute for them which has lately been set forth at Albany by men who may 
be statesmen, but who certainly are not heralds. 

B. R. B. 


The ancestors of Major-General George Sears Greene were among 
the early settlers of the State of Rhode Island and Providence plantations. 
He is the son of Caleb Greene, and his wife Sarah Robinson Greene, 
daughter of Thomas Greene. He was born in the village of Apponaug, 
Warwick, R. I., 6th May, 1801. His ancestor, John Greene, surgeon, 
the emigrant, came from Salisbury, England, where he was married, 
where his seven children were baotized, and where the records of his. 

J -7 2 Gen. George Sears Greene. [J'-^lv, 

marriage and of the baptisms of his children are extant on the Register 
of Saint Thomas's Church. The eldest son, Major John Greene, who was 
fifteen years old at the emigration, and as agent for the colony, often vis- 
ited and tarried in England, used for his seal the arms of the Greenes 
of Northamptonshire, England, indicating, with other circumstances, a 
descent from that distinguished family. For three generations previous 
to the emigration, the ancestors of John Greene resided on their estate at 
Bowridge Hill, in the Parish of Gillingham, Dorsetshire. 

His paternal ancestors resided for five generations in the village where 
he was born. They were farmers and owners and operaiors of a grist- 
mill, saw-mill, and fulling-mill, supplying the wants of the town and 
vicinity. After the embargo, which destroyed the commerce of the coun- 
try, the water power was used by his father for a cotton manufactory. He 
had the advantages of a good proprietors' village school. At the age of 
fifteen he was, at Wrentham, Mass., placed under the tuition of the Rev. 
Mr. Fisk, pastor of the Congregational Church in that town, and later 
under the tuition of the principal of the academy of that place, to prepare 
for a collegiate course ; after completing these preliminary studies, he 
entered the store, for the sale of domestic goods, of Mr. Henry Jacobs, 
merchant, on Pearl Street, New York, where he passed an idle winter. 
There was then (with no railways, and the North River closed) scarcely 
any trade in the winter in that line. The prospect was discouraging 
for a mercantile future. Through the kindness of INIajor Thayer, the 
superintendent of the Military Academy at West Point, his name was 
presented to the Secretarj^ of War, who gave him an appointment of 
Cadet in the United States Military Academy. He was admitted to 
the academy after being duly examined, 24th June, 18 19. After the 
due course of study he was graduated second in his class, on ist of 
July, 1823, and was commissioned Second Lieutenant of the Third 
Regiment of Artillery. In the last year of his academic course, in addi- 
tion to the studies of his class, he performed the duties of Assistant Pro- 
fessor, and daily taught a section of cadets in mathematics. For the first 
four years after graduating, he was attached to the Military Academy : 
for three years he was Assistant Instructor in Mathematics, and subse- 
quently Assistant Professor in the Department of Engineering. In 1827 
he joined his regiment, and served at Bellona Arsenal, Va. ; Fort Wol- 
cott, Newport Harbor ; Fort Independence, Boston Harbor ; Fort Sulli 
van, Eastport, Maine, and on ordnance duty at Kennebec Arsenal, Au- 
gusta, Maine ; with the incidental duties of Post-Quartermaster and 
Commissary. On 31st May, 1829, in due course, by casualties of the 
service, he was promoted to be First Lieutenant. In 1824 he was -at- 
tached to the Artillery School of practice at Fort Monroe, Va. , for a few 
months, as Assistant Professor of INIathematics, but the academic course 
was not then organized, and he returned to his position at West Point. 
In 1835 he was granted leave of absence to the date of his resignation, 
30th June, 1836. On the acceptance of his resignation in 1835, he en- 
tered on the practice of his profession of civil engineer, and was engaged 
on the Wilmington and Andover Railway in Massachusetts, the humble 
beginning of the Boston and Portland Railway. 

In 1837 he was one of the engineers appointed to survey and locate 
the railway from Charleston, S. C, to Cincinnati, Ohio ; the great pro- 
ject to which the distinguished Senator, Robert Young Hayne, devoted 

1887.] Gen. George Sears Greene. I^^ 

himself with energy, and died while prosecuting this great work, which, 
when completed, it was confidently hoped, would not only bring the pro- 
ducts of the then great West to Charles:on, as a market and entrepot ; 
and by means of direct and advantageous intercourse, bring the people 
of the Northwest into sympathy with the political feelings and projects of 
the statesmen of South Carolina. Mr. Greene, with two parties in the 
field, surveyed and located the line of railway from a point between Flat- 
Rock and Ashville, down the hill-bound valley of the French Broad 
River to the Cumberland, and across the Cumberland Mountains into 
Kentucky : while other parties completed the surveys to Cincinnati and 
to Columbia, S, C. 

Subsequently he was engaged in surveying the coal mines in the 
Alleghany ^Mountains in Maryland, and locating and constructing rail- 
ways to convey the products of the mines to market ; in constructing 
railways in Massachusetts, the Kennebec and Portland Railway in Elaine, 
the Providence and Bristol Railway in Rhode Island. 

In 1838 he was appointed engineer in charge of the extension of the 
Water Works of the Croton Aqueduct Department of the city of New 
York, and was engaged in constructing the new reservoir in the Central 
Park, and its appurtenances. On 20th January, 1862, he was com- 
missioned by Gov. E. D. Morgan, Colonel of the 60th Regiment of 
New York Volunteer Infantry, then organized and in the service of 
the United States, of which he immediately took command, at the 
Relay House on the Baltimore and Washington Railway, which was thus 
stationed with other troops to keep open the communication between 
the capital and the East, through Maryland. 28th April, 1862, he 
was appointed, and on May 18, 1862, received the com.mission of 
Brigadier-General of Volunteers in the service of the United States, 
and joined the command of Major-General Banks in the Shenan- 
doah Valley, on May 24, 1862, at Strasburgh ; the next day, before 
being assigned to a brigade, the enemy, under the enterprising Jack- 
son, attacked our outposts in our rear and forced a precipitate retreat 
to Winchester, where a slight resistance was made on 26th of May, 
1862, and the retreat continued to the Potomac River and to I\Iary- 

Brigadier-General Greene, not being assigned to a command, served 
on the staff of the commanding general. In Maryland, he was assigned 
to the 3d Brigade, 2d Division (Augur's) of the 12th Army Corps; 
served in the Northern Virginia Campaign, July-August, 1862 ; engaged 
at the battle of Cedar Mountain 9th August, 1862, where the casualties 
of the service placed him in command of 2d Division of the 12th Army 
Corps. In command of his division, in skirmish near White Sulphur 
Springs, near Warrenton, Va., August 24, 1S62, in the retreat to the 
heights opposite Washington; Pope's campaign, September, 1862, and 
IMaryland campaign, September and October, 1862 ; battle of Antie- 
tam, September, 1862, where his division defeated the enemy m an at- 
tempt by them to capture a battery, with great loss to the enemy (he had 
a horse shot under him while at the front) ; and at defence of Harper's 
Ferry, Sept. i8-October 10, 1862. On sick leave of absence, Oct. 10 
to 30, 1862 ; assumed command of his brigade, Oct. 30, 1862 ; in opera- 
tions in Shenandoah Valley and near the Potomac, between Harpers 
Ferry and Acquia Creek, Nov. i, 1862, to April 28, 1863; in the Rap- 

17 A Gifi. Gt'orge Sears Greene. [July> 

pahannock campaign (Army of the Potomac), April, INlay, 1863 ; being 
engaged in the battle of Chancellorsville, May 2 and 4, 1863 ; in Penn- 
sylvania campaign (Army of the Potomac), June and July, 1863 ; being 
engaged in the battle of Gettysburgh, July 2 and 3, 1863, where his brigade 
was, left to defend the right of our position at Gulp's Hill ; the Twelfth 
Gorps, with the exception of his Third Brigade, having been moved 
from their position on the right about six o'clock in the afternoon of the 
2d of July. Brigadier-General Greene's command was vigorously at- 
tacked by the enemy with superior forces, about the beginning of the 
nightfall, and a fierce attack continued till ten o'clock at night, when the 
attack ceased. At early dawn of the 3d of July the Twelfth Gorps re- 
turned to drive the enemy from the position which they had taken in the 
night ; and after a heavy cannonading, the position was occupied by 
our troops. The enemy attacked the Third Brigade at Gulp's Hill, 
making repeated charges (from early in the morning till 10 a.m., when 
the fighting ceased), which were repulsed ; about sixty prisoners were 
taken, who, being forced up to the lines, lay down and surren- 

He received a contusion on the chest from a spent ball on the 3d 
of July; was engaged in pursuit of the enemy to Washington, Va. , 
July, 1863 ; in guarding the line of the Rappahannock, August and 
September, 1863 '> i" ^'^^ movement of the Twelfth Army Gorps to join 
the army of the Gumberland at Ghattanooga, by rail through Wash- 
ington, Gumberland, Md., Parkersburgh, Gincinnati, Louisville, and 
Nashville ; in command at IMurfreesboro', Tenn. , Oct. 2-23 ; on march 
to Lookout Valley, October, 1863 ; combat at Wauhatchie, Oct. 28, 
1863, where in a night attack he was severely wounded, being shot 
through the upper jaw and disabled from commanding ; in hospital ; on 
sick leave ; and on court-martial duty to Jan. 25, 1865, when he joined 
a detachment at Newbern, N. G., on its way to reinforce General Sher- 
man and open communication with him for supplies ; at battle of Kins- 
ton, N. G., where, being unattached, he volunteered on staff of General 
Cox ; he had a horse shot under him in this fight. In command of a bri- 
gade in opening communications between Kinston and Goldsborough. 
Assigned to command of a brigade in General Slocum's command and 
General Baird's division ; commanded the advance-guard on the march 
to Raleigh, when a puerile resistance was made, with a howitzer and a 
few mounted men ; the last attempt to oppose Sherman's army. On 
the arrival of the army and the departure of the troops to their homes, he 
was employed on court-martial duty till April, 1866, when, on the last 
day of that month, he was honorably discharged the service of the United 
States, having secured, on the 13th day of March, 1865, the commission 
of Major-General by Brevet of U. S. Volunteers for gallant and meritorious 
services during the rebellion.* 

At the close of the war, Major-General Greene returned to the prac- 
tice of his profession of civil engineer, and to the position previously 

* The following law was enacted at the close of the war : " 1225. All persons who 
have served during the war as volunteers in the army of the United States, and have 
been honoi'ably mustered out of the volunteer service, shall be entitled to bear the 
official title and upon occasions of cerenionv to wear the uniform of the highest grade 
they have held by brevet or other commission in the volunteer service. Approved 
July 2S, 18S6, C. 299, S. V. 14, p. 337." 

1887. J Patent to Samuel Bayard. 


held by him in the Croton Aqueduct Department, and was engaged in 
completing the new reservoir and appurtenances, and in constructing the 
stone dam and new storage reservoir at Boyd's Corner in Putnam County. 

On May 11, 1868, ]\Ir. Alfred Wingate Craven, Engineer Commis- 
sioner of the Croton Aqueduct Department, resigned his office, after hav- 
ing had for more than twenty years the direction of the engineering of 
that important department, which included the water supply, the sewer- 
age, the paving, and all work of construction and repairs connected 
therewith ; the duties of which office he discharged with signal ability and 
faithfulness. Major-General Greene was appointed Mr. Craven's suc- 
cessor, and continued in office until the Croton Aqueduct Department 
was united with the Street Department, and formed the Department of 
Public Works, in 1871. He continued the practice of his profession, 
being engaged at various times ; Chief-Engineer of the Board of Public 
Works of the District of Columbia, and made the plans for sewerage of 
the city of Washington ; was consulting engineer for surveying, laying out 
and improving the streets and parks of the town of Morrisania ; Consult- 
ing Engineer for Yonkers Water Works, and on plan of water works for 
Troy and Detroit ; on the plan for the new dam for the Croton Water 
Works ; on plan of sewerage for the city of Providence ; in making 
plans for the New York City Central Underground Railway ; on plans for 
additional elevated railways for the city of New York ; Consulting Engi- 
neer ; Civil and Topographical Engineer ; Engineer of Construction for 
work in 23d and 24th Wards under the Commissioners of Parks. 

In 1886, he was chairman of a committee to investigate the plan for 
management and construction of the New Croton Aqueduct so far as the 
Engineering Department was responsible. 

The committee sustained the engineering management, under Benja- 
min Silliman Church, Esq., Chief Engineer, which decision was approved 
of by the Croton Aqueduct Commission. 

Major-General Greene early took a deep interest in genealogical re- 
searches, and has collected a large quantity of matter on that subject in 
connection with his own family, and of the families of all who are con- 
nected with his family by marriage, which includes a large portion of 
the original families of his native State. He was an early member of the 
New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, and has taken an ac- 
tive part in their proceedings. He served as President of the New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Society from 1S77 to 1881. 


Communicated hv Gkn. Jas. Gra.nt Wilso.x. 

Copy of a patent of New York City property jfranted by Governor Fletcher to Samuel Bayard, 
son of Peter Bayard, nephew of Governor-General Stuyvcsant, from the original in the pos- 
session of tlie President of the Society. 

William the third Bv the Grace of God, King of England Scotland, 
France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, To all to whom these presents 
shall come or may Sendeth Greeting WHEREAS Our Loving Subject 
Samuell Bavard of Our Citty of New Yorke Merchant hath by his Peti- 

I ^6 

Patent to Samuel Bayard. 


tion presented unto Our Trusty and Beloved Benjamin Fletcher Our Capt. 
Generall and Governour in chiefe of Our province of New Yorke and ter- 
ritoryes depending thereon in America, prayed Our Grant & confirmation 
of t\vo Certaine Lotts of Ground situate Lying and Being within Our Said 
City of New Yorke in the Street within Our Said City commonly called 
and Known by the name of the Dorf Street, on the South Side of the 
Said Street and bounded on the East by the Ground of Andreas Teller, 
on the north by the Said Street on the west by the Ground of Hellena 
Montas and on the south by the East Rim or Roade of the Said city con- 
taining in breadth, Fronting to the Said street & in the Rear thirty six foot 
and in Length in both Sides Ninety five foot all of English Meesure as 
also another Lott of ground adjoining thereunto at the rear thereof run- 
ning into the said Rim in length on the West Side thirty six Foot and on 
the East side thirty Eight Foot and in breadth into the Extent of the said 
Length thirty six Foot English Measure So that the said two lotts within 
the Limits and Bounds aforementioned containe in the Front by the Said 
Street and in the rear by the Said Rim thirty six Foot & in Length on the 
East Syde one hundred and thirty three foot & on the West Syde one hun- 
dred and thirty one Foot all of English measure, which request Wee be- 
ing willing to grant Know Yee That of Our Special Grace certaine Knowl- 
edge and mere INIotion We have given granted Ratified and confirmed and 
by these presents doe for us our heirs and successors give grant Ratify and 
confirme unto the Said Samuell Bayard all the aforerecited two lotts of 
ground within the Liinitts & bounds aforesaid Together with all and sin- 
gular the Houses Buildings messuages tenants Shops Cellars sollars cham- 
bers rooms entrys wayes passages back sides Lights watter courses Ease- 
ments wharfs and all other benefitts rights proffitts priviledges comodities 
hereditaments and appurtenances to the aforerecited Lotts of Ground and 

messuages therein erected within the limits 
& bounds aforesaid belonging or in any 
ways appurtaining To have and to hold all 
the aforerecited two lotts of ground within 
the Limitts & bounds aforesaid Together 
with all and singular the Houses Buildings 
mesuages Tenements Shops Cellars sollars 
chambers roomes Entrys wayes passages 
yards back sides Lights watercourses ease- 
mts wharfs and all other benefiitts rights 
benefititts priviledges comodities, heridi- 
tam!? & appurtenances to the aforerecited 
Lotts of ground & mesuages theron erected 
within the Limitts and bounds aforesaid be- 
longing or in any wayes appertaining unto 
the said Samuel Bayard his heirs and 
assigns To the sole & only proper use 
Benefit and behoofe of him the said 
Samuell Bayard his heirs and assigns for- 
ever Yeelding Rendering and paying 
therefore yearly and for every year forever 
unto us Our heirs and Successors at Our 
Said City of New Yorke on the Feast day of the Annunciation of Our 
blessed Virgin Mary if the sum lawfully demanded the yearly rent of one 

1887.] N'otes and Queries. j -. y 

pepercorn in lieu and stead of all other rents services dues dutyes and 
demands whatsoever for the said Lotts of Ground &: premisses Ix Testi- 
mony whereof we have caused the Great Seal of our sd. province to be 
hereunto affixed Wittnesse Our trusty and well beloved Benjamin 
Fletcher our Capt. Generall and Governour in cheife of Our Province 
of New York and the Territoryes depending thereon in America and 
vice admirall of the same Our Lieut. & Commander in cheife of the 
Militia and of all the forces by Sea and land within Our collony of 
Connecticutt & of all Forts and places of Strength within the Same 
in Councill of New Yorke the seventeenth day of June in the ninth yeare 
of Our Reigne Anno Dom. 1697. 
By his excellency's command 

David Jannson Ben. Fletcher 


Mr. E. Brockholst Livingston, who kindly contributed "Some Remarks on the 
Arms of Livingston of New York " to the April number of the Record, sends the 
following communication : In reference to the above I wish to make some correc- 
tions regarding the numeration of the early Lords Livingston of Callendar, as con- 
tained in this article, which I have drawn up in tabular form, as being easier to ex- 
plain by that means than by a written description. From this rough pedigree, those 
readers of the Record who have access to Dr. Douglas's Scottish Fceragf will be able 
to see how mine differs from the one contained in that work from which Burke and 
other modern compilers have so freely copied. The exact position and Christian name 
of the third lo7-d have been a puzzle to me for some years past, owing to the mislead- 
ing particulars contained in Douglas, which led me to believe, until a quite recent 
discovery among the unpublished MSS. in H. M. Register House, at Edinburgh, 
that the first William, Lord Livingston, was the "Third Lord Livingston :" 

Corrected pedigree of the early Lords Livingston, derived from particulars con- 
tained in the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Acta Dominorum Concilii, and other Public 
Records in the Register House, Edinburgh. 

James, 1st Lord = Marian dau : 

died, 1467. I of Thomas of Berwick. (?) 

i . I 

James, 2d Lord, married twice, Alexander (.') 

but d. s. p. previous to 1497. | 

James, 3d Lord (not /ohj/)= Agnes Houstoun. 

died about 1504. | m. previous to 1491. 

William, 4th Lord, m. Agnes Hepburn, 

divorced about 1 5 13. 

Alexander, 5th Lord, and so on. 

Please also print the following list of Errata, which have probably arisen from 
my bad penmanship and the hasty way in which the above article was written :^^ 

Page 84, line 10-13, note*, line 14, for " Waughteron," read " Waughtenn." 

Page 84, note *, correct the numeration of the Lords Livingston by the above 





Page 85, note :}:, 

j-ig Notes and Queries. [July> 

Page 85, note §, for " Stoddart," read " Stodart." 
Tage 86, line 15, for " Ililoth etc.," read "Kilsyth etc.'' 
Page 86, line 20, for " William, fifth Lord," read "William, sixth Lord." 
Page 86, line 30, for "James, second Lord," read "James, third Lord." 

London, England, I2th April, 1S87. " E. B. I.. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury, of New Haven, Conn., are printing 
" privately " a series of genealogical and biographical monographs, on the families of 
McCuRDY, Lord, Parmelee-Mitcheli,, Digby-Lynde, Willoughey, Griswold, 
PiTKiN-WoLCOTT, Ogdex-Johnson and DioDATi, including notices of the Marvins, 
Lees, De Wolfs, and other families. It is not a mere collection of names and dates, 
but a hook of family history, as well as a genealogical record, full of new facts, ob- 
tained in this country and abroad ; a work of great and ever-increasing interest to 
present and future generations of these families and their allies ; and also valuable to 
genealogists, and other antiquaries or students of history, generally. The mono- 
graphs will fill from 500 to 600 pages, in two parts, 410 ; and will be accompanied 
by twenty full chart-pedigrees, on bond-paper, with authenticated coats of arms and 
carefully prepared indexes of family names. 

Subscriptions are invited for copies ai cost. The edition will consist of 300 copies : 
the cost of 250 of these, bound in bevelled boards, cloth, gilt tops, with the pedi- 
grees separately bound, will be $18 each ; that of 50 copies on larger paper, bound 
with the pedigrees uncut, will be $20 each. In this estimate no account is made of 
great expenses incurred by the authors in the collection of materials for the work, dur- 
ing many years, in this country and in Europe ; nor of the labor of composition and 
preparation for the press. 

A few copies of the chart-pedigrees, separately bound, without the text, are oftered 
at $8 for the set — the expense of these being large in proportion to that of the rest of 
the work. 

Application for copies may be made to the authors, as above. 

Can any reader of the Record tell where came Nicholas Bayly or Bailey, of West 
Chester County, New York, 1656-60 ? He is supposed to have been an ancestor of 
the late Rear-Admiral Baily. Was not the name Bayly, Baly, or Bailey sometimes con- 
founded with Dayly, Daly, or Dailey in the records of the old Dutch Reformed Church, 
New York ? In those records, Nathan Daly and Nathan Baly seemed to be the same 
person (See the Record, vol. xvi. p. 901), and possibly Nicholas Dayley may be 
Niciiolas Bayly. 

Captain Brian Newton, in his Journal, 1656, mentions " Mr. Baly" at Oost Dorp, 
W^est Chester County, as leading a meeting, in prayer. Was not this Nicholas Bailey ? 
Forked Kiva', N. Y. Edwin salter. 

Mr. R. H. Tilley, of Newport, Rhode Island, requests us to direct attention 
to his American Genealogical Queries. V/e print the following extracts from his cir- 
cular. The circular itself can be procured upon application to Mr. Tilley. 

"I take pleasure in calling your attention to the fact that I am preparing for pub- 
lication my Genealogical Queries for 1887, and I desire all who intend to insert 
queries therein to send them as soon as possible. 

" My purpose is to have it ready and distributed as soon after July i as possible, 
sending a copy to each public library. State library. Historical Society, and every 
person known to be interested in genealogy, in the United States and Carada ; 103 
copies will also be sent to England. By this distribution a large circulation is in- 
sured among the very persons with whom you would wish to correspond. 

"The cost of inserting a query, limited to ten (10) lines, will be %2. State just 
what you wish to know, in as few lines as possible, giving the first place to the most 
important items, that they may be properly arranged. This will bring your query be- 
fore many persons who may be interested in the same family, and must result in a 
great advantage to you at a small cost. 

" I have the address of nearly one thousand persons who are at work on family his- 
tory, and I wish to obtain the names of all so engaged, that a copy of the Queries may 
be sent to them." 

The inquiries of our esteemed correspondent, W. H., in regard to the WiLLETTS, 
have been already answered in the Record, vol. x., p. 181 and vol. xiii., p. 97. 
From the statements made there it appears that the first Thomas Willett, who came 

iSSj.] Notes and Queries. I :>q 

from Bristol. England, married, in 1643, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Cornell, and was 
the father of the third Thomas Willett, afterward known as Col. Thomas Wiilett of 
Flushing. This gentleman married Helena, daughter of Elbert Elbertse Stoothoff of 
Brooklyn. The printed pedigrees undoubtedly derive the descent of Col. Marinus 
Willett from Samuel, the youngest son of the Mayor. A condensed pedigree will be 
found in Savage's Dictionary, and a larger one in the A'eiv England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, vol. ii., p. 376. Our respected correspondent will permit us 
to observe that it hardly seems necessary to call these in question, unless positive proof 
that they require correction can be produced. 

The writer of tlie Beverhoudt article in the April Record requests that the fol- 
lowing corrections be made. For Roux (p. 91, 1. 11) read Bordeaux ; for Breasher 
(p. 92) read Brewster ; for 1758, read 1736; for cousin (p. 93) read granddaughter. 
It is but fair to say that the editors and printers strictly followed the manuscript, and 
that, as the compiler gracefully acknowledges, they were rendered necessary by his 
own lapses " ei ciine et poinw." 

Mr. E. de \'. Vermont, the accomplished author of //wcnVa Heraldica, a valu- 
able work which we have had occasion to commend in the Record, has been ap- ' 
pointed editor of a new monthly illustrated periodical, to be called The Curio. It 
is to be devoted to Genealogy, Biography, Heraldry, book-plates, rare books and 
engravings and accounts of old furniture and plate and other relics of colonial days. 
It will be a quarto, of 48 pages monthly, and will be in every respect first-class. It 
will include among its regular contributors Sir Bernard Burke, Dr. Jackson Howard, 
Charles Sotheran, Bishop Seton, George R. Howell, and other gentlemen well versed 
in the departments which they intend to fill. The first number of The Curio is to 
appear in September next. 

William Pepperrell, Esq., Governor of New England, was made a baronet 20 
George XL, Nov. 15, 1746, being No. 1032 in the list. The blazon of the arms in the 
engraving is Argent a chevron gules between three pineapples vert ; on a canton of 
the second a fleur-de-lis of the first. This agrees with the blazon given by Burke and 
Berry. The canton azure a fleur-de-lis or, given in America Heraldica. appears to 
be a difference borne by a London family of the same name, probably a younger 
branch. The crest is Out of a mural coronet or an armed arm embowed grasping a 
staff", proper, thereon a flag argent. Burke adds two laurel branches issuing from 
the coronet proper. The winged boy and the shield-shaped mirror are a mere fancy 
of the artist and are no part of the arms. 

The writer of the " Genealogical Sketch of the Family of Enoch Crosby" in our 
April number, asserts that Cooper founded his famous character of The Spy on 
the adventures of Crosby, adding, " that Crosby was the hero admits of no doubt." 
The novelist's daughter, in a recent article contributed to the Atlantic Jfonthlv, has 
clearly shown that this is a mistake, and another writer in the May number of the 
Magazine of American History makes the same assertion. Cooper first heard of 
Enoch Crosby several years after the appearance of llie Spy, and frequently stated 
that his sole foundation for the character of Harvey Birch was a conversation with 
Governor Jay, in which the latter related the story of the great services rendered by 
a secret agent of the government, whose name he itez'er revealed. J. c. V\". 

We take pleasure in presenting in this number of the Record the third of our 
series of portraits of the Presidents of the New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Society. The October issue will contain a portrait of Mr. De Lancey, to be followed 
by that of Dr. Henry R. Stiles, which will complete the series of Presidents of the 

Can any reader of the Record furnish information as to the parentage and ances- 
try of Hon. Peter Vandervoort, who was born 29th March, 1751? ^'^ ^^'^fe ^^'^^ 
Ann Kouvenhoven, whom he married 3d September, 1771. Their daughter, Mar- 
garet Vandervoort, married Hon. Elisha VV. King, of New York city. Any data 
relating to the early history of the Vandervoort family will be gratefully received. 


Mr. Edwin Salter sends the following reply to inquiries about Tho.mas and 
Elijah Clark, in recent numbers of the Record: Elijah Clark lived in that part 
of old Gloucester county which was set oft" as the new county of Atlantic in 1S37. He 

I I o Obituary. [Jul}'. 

owned mills near the Forks of Little Egg Harbor. Rev. P. V. Fithian, in his Journal, 
1775, says that he was " a man of fortune and taste," and also a " man of integrity 
and piety, an Israelite indeed." And, he adds, " O Religion, thou hast one warm and 
unfeigned advocate in good and useful Mrs. Clark." Clark's "little settlement," and 
" Mr. Clark's little log meeting-house," are frequently mentioned in journals of Presby- 
terian ministers. The meeting-house was of cedar logs, twenty-five feet square. Upon 
nearly the same site, near the village of Pleasant Mills, now stands a Methodist meet- 
ing-house. I find Clark's Mills named in a road survey 1762. It is possible that 
some information of the Clarks may be obtained from Rev. Allen H. Brown, of 
Camden, N. J., who is well versed in the history of Atlantic county, and in the 
religious history of South Jersey. E. s. 


Thomas Fortescue Rochester, M. D., one of the foremost physicians in this 
State, died at his home in Buffalo, N. V., May 24, 1SS7, after a lingering illness 
from kidney disease. 

The son of Thomas Hart Rochester, fifth mayor of the city of Rochester, in this 
State, he was born Oct. 8, 1823. In 1S45 he graduated in the Arts at Geneva Col- 
lege, New York, and in 1848 he received his medical degree from the University of 

After a year spent in Bellevue Hospital, New York, and a year and a half in 
Europe, he began to practise his profession in this city, where he remained for two 
years. Then he removed to Buffalo, where he was appointed Professor in its Medi- 
cal College, and during his life filled the highest professional positions in his adopted 
city and in the State. All measures wisely devised to promote the professional, sci- 
entific, religious, and artistic interests of Buffalo found in him an ardent and promi- 
nent supporter. Many communications from his pen appeared in the Buffalo Medical 
Journal and elsewhere. 

He married, May 6, 1852, Margaret Munro, daughter of Rt. Rev. \Vm. C. De- 
lancey, D. D. Several children survive. 

Dr. Rochester's grandfather was Col. Nathaniel Rochester, deputy commissary 
general in the Continental army, who, with several others, removed from Hagerstown, 
Md., to the Genesee country, on account of their dislike to slaveholding. The city 
of Rochester, in this State, bears his name. The emigrant's ancestor was an English- 
man who settled in Virginia. E. E. 

Edward Henry Dureel was born in Portsmouth, N. H., July 14, 1810. He 
was a son of the Chief Justice of the State and United States District Attorney under 
President Jackson. After studying at Phillips Exeter Academy, Edward was entered 
at Harvard as one of the class of sixty-five graduated in 1S31. He studied law and 
settled in New Orleans. After the capture of that city by Admiral Farragut, Mr. 
Durell was called upon to construct a new municipal government, and drafted the 
so-called bureau system, which remained in force from July, 1S62, till some years 
after the war. He was for a time mayor of the city, and in 1863 was appointed by 
President Lincoln United States Judge for the Eastern District of Louisiana. He 
resigned from the bench in 1S74, and from 1875 till his death, March 29, 1887, resid- 
ed chiefly in Schoharie, N. Y., engaged in literary pursuits, leaving, among other 
works in manuscript, a " History of Seventeen Years from i860 to the Retiring of the 
Federal Army from Louisiana and South Carolina." Judge Durell was buried from St. 
Thomas' Episcopal Church at Dover, N. H., on the 5th of April, and a funeral address 
was delivered by the Rev. J. M. Durell, who mentioned that Wendell Phillips and John 
Lothrop Motley were among his class-mates and friends. This eminent jurist left 
no children, but his wife, to whom he was married in 1875, survives him. Mrs. Du- 
rell has in preparation for publication a volume of his historical and other writings. 

J. G. w. 


Book Notices. 



Appleton's CYCLOP.t;DiA OF American Biourapiiv. Edited by James Grant 
Wilson and John Fiske. Vol. II., 768 pp., Svo. New York : D. Appleton 
& Co. 1887. 

The second volume of this valuable work, which has already been twice men- 
tioned in the Record, keeps up the high character of its predecessor. Extending 
from the letter C nearly to tlie end of G and including such names as DeLancey, 
Dix, Doane, Edison, Edwards, Emerson, Everett, Fairfax, Fillmore, Hamilton Fish, 
F"orrest, Franklin, Fulton, Garfield, Grant, Greeley, and Greene, it gives a large and 
varied mass of information. It contains, in addition to nearly three hundred wood- 
cuts inserted in the text, ten full-page portraits from steel engavings, of which that of 
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, and one of Gen. Nathaniel Greene from the celebrated paint- 
ing by Trumbull, are especially noteworthy. As illustrations of the artistic character 
of the work we give two vignette portraits of ex-President Fillmore and of ex-Gov- 

^^■'Kt/C^c<.^ yli^(^n.i,iru> 

ernor Fish. The articles vary in length from a few lines to fifteen pages, and appear 
to have been prepared with much care and diligence, avoiding alike prolixity and 
that obscurity which is apt to arise from unskilful condensation. They are concise 
and clear. Among the contributors are Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, Admiral Porter, the 
Rev. Dr. Dix, Francis Parkman, Lawrence Barrett, Robert C. Winthrop, and Oliver 
Johnson. The third volume, covering H to L inclusive, is to appear early in the 
autumn. The accompanying portraits are examples of the fifteen hundred which the 
Cyclopajdia will contain, autographs appearing with each one of them, as seen on 
this page. 

McClellan's Own Story. The War for the Union, the Soldiers who Fought it, the 
Civilians who Directed it, and his ReLations to it and to them. By Georce B. Mc- 
Cl.ELLAN, late Major-General Commanding the .\rmies. New York : Charles L. 
Webster & Company. 18S7. Svo, viii., 67S pp. Maps and illustrations. 

To the many who will probably take up this volume, as we have done, with a 
deeply seated prejudice toward and distrust of General McClellan's services to the coun- 
try, this volume will prove a revelation. The public has had many occasions, in these 
latter days of " war articles" and "war books" which have deluged our magazines 
and our reading-tables, to reverse its previously settled judgments as to the merits and 

] 4 2 Book Notices. [July, 

demerits of many of the principal actors in our last great military struggle. "All 
things (even justice to one's memory) come to him who waits : " and no one, certainly, 
among vilified and misunderstood men, ever waited more quietly and heroically for 
the time when he should be fairly judged by his fellow-men than George H. McClellan. 
No one can rise from the perusal of these Memoirs, illuminated as they are, here and 
there, by private letters, in which his soul revealed itself in the sanctity of conjugal 
confidence, without feeling that McClellan, whatever may have been his faults (and he 
claimed no perfection for himself), was a loyal, brave, and patient soldier; drawing his 
strength from the highest source of all human strength, and content, in his knowl- 
edge of his own motives and actions, to abide the judgment of the future. 

The following extract from a letter written by Gen. McClellan, to a friend who 
suggested that they and their respective families should take a voyage together " until 
we come to the land where it is always afternoon," may, perhaps, be read with profit 
even by genealogists. 

" I fancy that we will never reach that ' land where it is always afternoon," in any 
ship built by mortal hands. Our fate is to work, and still to work, as long as there 
is any work left in us ; and I do not doubt that it is best. For I can't help thinking 
that, when we reach that other and far better land, we shall still have work to do 
throughout the long ages, only we will then see, as we go on, that it is all done for 
the ^laster and under His own Eye ; and we will like it, and never grow weary of it, 
as we often do here when we don't clearly see to what end we are working, and our 
work brings us in contact with all sorts of men and things not pleasant to rub against. 
I suppose that the more we work here the better we shall be trained for that other 
work, which, after all, is the end towards which we move, or ought to be moving. 

" I would like to take the ' belongings' and sail for that quiet land ; but we will 
have to wait some little time yet, and I suppose each one will reach it alone, and the 
first arrived wait for the others." The editor, William C. Prime, has done his share 
of the work with grateful fidelity, and the value of the "story" is largely enhanced 
by the biographical sketch with which he has prefaced it. H. R. s. 

The Early History of Southampton, L. I., Nfav York. With Genealogies. 
Second edition. 8vo. Weed, Parsons & Co., Albany. 1SS7. 

This, though nominally a second edition, has been so thoroughly revised, enlarged, 
and rewritten as to be practically a new work. It has grown from a modest duodecimo 
into a handsome octavo, illustrated with many engravings of old buildings and of 
coats of arms and by reprints of early documents relating to the settlement of the 
town. The object of the author was, to give, not so much a complete history, as 
a picture of life and struggles of the early settlers, though he does also record many 
interesting facts and occurrences of later date. Southampton was one of those curi- 
ous settlements in the eastern part of Long Island which found themselves able to 
carry out, even more than New England itself, strictly puritan ideas of civilization. 
The early laws were strict and stringent. Heresy was to be punished by death, 
dissent from the established government of the Church by banishment. The laws 
were such as were "given by Moses to the common-wealth of Israel, soe far forth 
as they bee of moral that is of perpetual and universal equity." They were brief 
but definite ; no less than twelve offences were made capital ; two were to be pun- 
ished with banishment, and four by some corporal punishment or fine. The directness 
and simplicity of these early laws are a curious contrast to the voluminous prolixity 
of modern legislation. No doubt these communities have had every opportunity of 
carrying out their ideas in practice, for they were long unmolested by rival religions. 
It is only within half a century that the English Church has penetrated beyond the 
western bounds of Brookhaven. Their history, therefore, affords an interesting study 
to theologians, moralists, and historians, as well as to students of social science, to 
whom it is of consequence to know what principles will best develop themselves, 
as the author expresses it, " in purity of morals and sobriety of life." 

The genealogical part of the book is well done, and shows great care and labor. 
What were in the first edition mere outlines have developed into full and elaborate 
pedigrees. The arms have been inserted, only upon sufficient evidence of their hav- 
ing been borne in successive generations ; and the blazoning is a decided improve- 
ment upon Mr. Howell's former endeavors in that direction. 

1887.] Donations. -, a -, 

BiBLiOGRAPHiA Genealogica AMERICANA : an Alphabetical Index to American 
Genealogies and Pedigrees. By Daniel S. Dlrrie. Third edition. Albanv 
Munsell. 1S86. ^ 

This excellent work has reached its third, and, as Mr. Durrie hopes, its final 
edition. It contains about twenty thousand references, or 6,500 more than the second 
edition, which was published in 1878. The idea of the first edition has been enlarged, 
though the original title of the book has been retained. Several hundred volumes of 
historical and genealogical publications have been examined in detail, and the aim 
of the compiler has been to make his work complete and thorough. Of the utility 
of such a book to genealogists and historians it is unnecessary to speak ; and we need 
do no more than commend the diligence and industry of the accomplished author. 

HisTOKY OF SAi/r Lake City. By authority of the City Council and under the 
Supervision of a Committee appointed by the Council and Author. Revisin"- 
Committee, John R. Winder, R. T. Burton, George A. Mears, S. J. Jonasson*^ 
and George Reynolds. Edward W. Tullidge, Publisher and Proprietor, Salt 
Lake City, Utah, Star Printing Company, 1S86. Sg6 pp. quarto. With Bio- 
graphical Addenda, 172 pages, and an Appendix of 56 pages, on yoicnials. Mines, 
Banks, Sckoo/s, Colleges, Mineral Springs, ami Societies of Utah. 42 steel en- 
gravings of Brigham Young and his followers and their fac-simile autographs, by 
H. R. Hall & Sons, of N. V. 

This handsome volume, admirably printed on excellent paper and finely illus- 
trated, would be much enhanced in value by a complete Index, instead of the too 
usual so-called " Index" or Tables of Contents, noted too briefly by 92 cha])ter head- 

The biographies commence at page S96 and begin with that of Bughani Young, 
followed by that of Heher C. Kimball, John Taylor, George Q. Cannon, Joseph Y . 
Smith, Wilford Woodruff, Orson Pratt, Erastus Snow, George A. Smith, Parley P. 
Pratt, Willard Richards, Newell K. Whitney,"'fii*laop Edward Hunter, Wm. B. 
Preston, Feramorz Little, James Sharp, Francis Armstrong, Alexander C. Pyper, 
Henry W. Lawrence, Wm. S. Godbe, Joseph R. Walker, David F. Walker, Benja- 
min G. Raybould, Caleb W. West, Arthur L. Thomas, John T. Caine, Horace S. 
Eldredge, Wm. Jennings, Wm. H. Hooper, Thomas G. Webber, H. W. Naisbitt, 
Franklin D. Richards, Lorenzo Snow, Angus M. Cannon, Amos Milton Musser, 
John Nicholson, James Movie, Joseph C. Kingsbury, Joseph Bull, Herbert Pem- 
broke, Henry Grow, Hiram B. Clawson, Franklin S. R.ichards, Charles W. Penrose, 
George Reynolds, George Romney, Henry Dinwood, Elias Morris, Richard B. Mtwr 
getts, Philip Pugsley, Judge Elias Smith, Judge Zerubbabel Snow, Daniel Spencei?; 
John C. Cutler, Leonard W. Hardy, John Kirkman. Of these nearly sixty people, 
about twenty were of New England and many from New York, and several of 
Scotch ancestry or birth. One cannot but be forcibly impressed with the strong 
physical and evident intellectual strength of these followers of Mormonism, as indi- 
cated by the portraits given. The aciiteness and openness of countenance of the Yan- 
kee independent thinker and doer are markedly portrayed on many of these portraits. 
A. H. Rayleih strongly resembles Dom Pedro, Emperor of Brazil, and Editor E. L. 
T. Harrison is suggestive of Tudge Barrett, of New York. 

This volume will doubtless ever be regarded as the best exponent of the followers 
of the Mormon prophet .Smith and his adherents which has yet appeared. T+ie 
Mormon account of the conflict between Mormonism and the United States Courts 
is given in full. w. v. H. 


From the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Report of the Thirty-fourth 
Annual Meeting. 8vo. Madison, Wisconsin, 1887. Catalogue of Books on the War 
of the Rebellion and Slavery, in the Library of the Society. 8vo. Madison, Wis. 



Donations. [J^^'}') iSS?- 

From the American Catholic Historical Society. Researches, Vol III., No. 3. 
8vo. Philadelphia. 1S87. List of Officers, Members, Etc. 

From Rt. Rev. William Stevens Perry, D.D. Discourse on the looth Anniver- 
sary of the Consecration of the Rt. Rev. William White, D.D., Bishop of Penn. 
By the Donor. Svo. Davenport, Iowa. 1SS7. 

From the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio. Catalogue of the Tor- 
rence Papers. Svo. Cincinnati, Ohio. 1887. 

From the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education. Circular of Informa- 
tion, No. 2, 1886. Svo. Washington, D. C, 1887. Report of the Commissioners 
of Education, 1SS4-85. Svo. Washington, D. C. 18S6. 

From C. J. Hambleton. Hambleton Family. Svo. Chicago, 111. 18S7. 

From Rev. Beverley R. Betts. Proceedings of the Bench and Bar of New York 
City on the Retirement of Chief Justice Daly. Svo. The City of Brooklyn, A Half 
Century's Progress. Svo. New York. 1886. 

From E. B. Livingston. Plates containing the Livingston Arms. London, 

From Bernard Quaritch. Sale Catalogue of the Third Portion of the Hartley 
Library. 2 vols. Svo. London. 1887. 

From E. de V. Vermont. America Heraldica. Parts 7 and 8, with five plates. 
By the Donor. Folio. New York. 1887. 

From Isaac W. Hammond, Deputy Secretary of State, Concord, N. H. Dedi- 
cation of the Statue of Daniel Webster, June 17, 18S6. Svo. Manchester. 1SS6. 

From Samuel Briggs. Origin and Developments of the Almanack. Svo. 
Cleveland. 1 887. 

From Patrick Chalmers. "Adhesive Postage Stamp," a Letter. By the Donor. 
London. 1S87. 

From New York Historical Society. The Opening, the Use, and the Future of 
Our Domain on this Continent. By Rev. George E. Ellis, D.D., LL.D. Svo. 
New York. 1887. 

From Rev. Talbot W. Chambers, D.D. Year Book of the (Collegiate) Protes- 
tant Reformed Dutch Church of N. Y. City. i2mo. New York. 1887. Fifty Years 
of Church Life. By the Donor. Svo. New York. 1S87. 

From Department of Justice, Washington, D. C. Reports of the Attorney 
General, 1885-86. Register of the Department of Justice. Svo. Washington. 

From Gen. James Grant Wilson. Biographical Sketch of Lyman C. Draper, LL.D. 
By Professor R. B. Anderson. 4to. Cincinnati, Ohio. 1S81. San Francisco Vig- 
ilance Committee of '56. Edited by F. M. Smith. Svo. San Francisco. 1SS3. 
Report of the Special Committee Appointed by the Chamber of Commerce of the 
State of New York, to obtain Relief for the Sufferers by the Earthquake at Charles- 
ton, S. C. Svo. New York. 1S86. Diocese of Massachusetts. Its History, Ac- 
quisitions, and Wants. By Rev. Edmund F. Slafter. Svo. Boston. 1SS6. 

From the California Historical Society. Papers of the Society. Vol. I, Part i. 
Svo. San Francisco. 1SS7. 


Vol. XVIIT. NEW YORK, OCTOBER, 1887. No. 4. 


(An article originally published in the Knickerbocker Magazine, February, 1863.) 

By W. Alfred Jones, A. M., Librarian. 

It has been the fashion of late years, since the removal of Columbia 
College uptown, in 1857, ^o'' rn3,ny of its new friends, who are apparently 
quite ignorant of its past hi.-tory, to speak of it as a new institution, des- 
tined to thrive under their patronage and guidance. In their view, its 
increased funds, and enlarged corps of instructors, are to give it a charac- 
ter and popularity it never had before. There was undoubtedly room for 
improvement, and need of more ample resources ; but for the sake of 
those who require the information, we present a list of the more distin- 
guished alumni of the College, since its foundation, in 1754 ; of its par- 
ticularly eminent trustees, and of its ablest professors, during the first 
century of its existence ; and it will be well if the next century shows on 
its record a list of equally pure and able men among its trustees, officers, 
and graduates, proportionate to the increased number of students and its 
augmented resources. 

In a very interesting article on our Colleges in the Revolution, written 
by the Hon. |. T. Headley, and published in the Knickerbocker 
Magazine for April, 1861 (a most exciting period in our civil war), a 
graphic narrative is given of the part taken by Harvard University, Yale 
College, and Nassau Hall, at Princeton ; and an enthusiastic and merited 
eulogy is pronounced on the Faculties and students of those venerable 
sea's of learning, and their no less venerated Presidents — Langdon, Dog- 
gett, Dwight, and Witherspoon, zealous and intelligent statesmen, and true 
patriots; with a word of commendation at the close for the College of 
William and Mary, and Brown University ; but not a syllable is to be 
found referring to Columbia — then King's — College. Yet, though orig- 
inally a royal college (chartered by George the Second) and a Church 
college, too, in a city held during the war by the British, no institution 
in our land sent forth, in proportion to its numbers, more devoted ad- 
herents to the cause of American Independence. It was then in its in- 


1^5 The First Century of Columbia College. [Oct., 

fancy, and had, up to 1775, only one hundred graduates; but, despite 
this paucity of numbers, no American College furnished from its alumni 
names more noble, or more worthy of lasting remembrance, than Colum- 
bia. In its then short list occur the names of Bishop Provoost, one of the 
Fathers of the Church in the United Slates, and a genuine patriot ; in this 
respect, unlike a majority of the Episcopal clergy of his day, the best and 
purest of whom, Seabury, Inglis, Wilkins, Vardill, Auchmuty, and 
Chandler, were naturally high-toned loyalists, having been ordained in 
England, and regarding the mother Church and royal government there as 
strictly " the powers that be " — the government de facto, as well as in their 
eyes, de Jure ; from which they derived their authority and support in a 
considerable degree, and to which they looked for countenance and 
direction. Egbert Benson, the jurist and sage, the memoir of whom, 
by Chancellor Kent, in Thompson s History of Long Islafid, is written 
in a constant strain of enthusiastic encomium ; Robert R. Livingston, 
the great Chancellor, our Minister to France, and a personal friend of 
Napoleon, as well as a public-spirited citizen ; Gouverneur Morris, the 
far-seeing statesman, astute diplomat, and eloquent orator. "The gal- 
lant soldiers. Van Cortlandt, Troup, Ritzema, Van Schaack, and Duns- 
comb," to employ the language of ex-President Duer ; and especially 
Willett.the favorite leader of tlie New York Liberty Boys; but pre-eminently 
Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. Upon these lionored names, the 
pride and boast of Columbia, the purest writer of the College Faculty has 
written this elegant eulogium : "Before our Revolutionary struggle, 
while itself was scarce fledged, our college took an eagle's flight, and gave 
to the nation, and its coming contest, I might almost say its sword and 
shield — the Marcellus and Fabius of our Rome — Hamilton and Jay. 
What, I pray you, were the story of our Revolution without these names .'' " 

Three names of patriotic trustees, "among the faithless, only faithful 
found," should be added to this catalogue ; that of James Duane, after- 
wards the first Mayor of New York City after the Revolution, a Judge of 
the District Court, and a prominent politician ; Doctor Thomas Jones, 
brother of the more celebrated Doctor John Jones ; and William Alexan- 
der, Earl of Stirling, more generally known as a distinguished major- 
general of our army ; and of the Medical Faculty of that period, Doctor 
Samuel Bard and John Jones, " ever to be remembered as the physician 
of Washington and surgeon of Franklin. " We think we may also claim the 
Hon. Henry Cruger, the colleague of Burke, from Bristol, in the English 
Parliament, who is said by his biographer, Mr. Van Schaack, to have been 
educated at King's College, although his name does not appear in the 
list of graduates. And here let us quote again from Doctor M'Vickar, 
the polished writer before mentioned : " When that eventful struggle (of 
our Revolution) was over, and order was to be built up out of ruin, what 
college of our land, I ask, furnished architects of their country's greatness, 
earlier or abler, more zealous or more successful, than our own, even dis- 
mantled and robbed as she was, through the license of war, of all the usual 
aids and appliances of learning and science .? Scarce had the din of arms 
given way in our city to the quiet arts of peace, before she sent forth her 
sons, as before, leaders to their countrymen, only now in a peaceful field, 
turning the sword into a ploughshare." 

Five eminent persons, in addition to those before named, we shall 
enumerate in this connection ; not all of them graduates, but each iden- 


1887.] The First Cenltiry 0/ Colnftibia College. iaj 

tified with the history of the college, after its reorganization, in 1783. Its 
first President, the second Doctor Johnson — the first of Columbia, as his 
father had been the first of King's, and equally able as a statesman and 
scholar ; DeWitt Clinton, the first student who presented himself for ad- 
mission into the Junior Class, under its new name and government ; John 
Randolph of Roanoke, the satiric wit and eccentric character, "one of the 
students of the college during these first years of its renewed existence, 
but^who did not finish his course , " Doctor John M. Mason, the vigorous 
provost, the able preacher, and the champion of the Presbyterians ; and 
Rufus King, the diplomatist and orator, and elegant gentleman, who 
served the college for eighteen years as trustee.* 

Among the eminent graduates of Columbia College are many of the 
most distinguished clergy of the Episcopal Church (besides prominent 
ministers of the various other religious denominations), and five of our 
bishops in particular — the venerable Bishop IMoore, the zealous and apos- 
tolic Hobart, the two Onderdonks, the stanch and learned brother 
diocesans, and the courtly Wainwright. 

The foremost lawyers at the bar, and jurists on the bench of our State 
and city, and in the United States courts, have been among the alumni of 
Columbia ; such as — to select a few names not before enumerated : Har- 
ison, Jones, Ogden, Hoffman, Wells, Robinson, Lawrence, and other 
representatives of the families of Jay, Hamilton, and a score of their rivals 
and peers, of the very first class ; while of a secondary rank many more 
might be mentioned. 

Of the medical faculty it is but necessary to recall the great names of 
Osborn, Jones, Bird, Kissam, Watts, Seaman, Mott, Post, Hosack, and 

To specify the merely able, not the pre-eminently distinguished, infli- 
viduals in the different professions, would fill several pages, and would be 
an invidious task at best, especially where the living alumni are concerned ; 
not to be executed without great prudence, and one, for which reason, we 
shall not undertake. 

We may remark, in passing, that the legal profession may justly claim, 
for numbers and ability, the foremost place ; the ratio of prominent 
lawyers being out of all proportion to that of distinguished divines or skil- 
ful physicians. 

A list of no inconsiderable length might be drawn up of alumni who 
have, during the past half-century, or since the second war with Great 
Britain, attained high political distinction. But these are universally 
known, in the legislature, in the gubernatorial chair, and in the various 
important offices of the State. 

Neither shall we attempt to compile a catalogue of the eminent mer- 
chants, who have received their education at Columbia College. This 
would form a fit topic for an anniversary oration, by an elder alumnus, 
competent from personal knowledge to chronicle the career of the Bayards, 
Beekmans, Ludlows, Laights, and a hundred others of the mercantile 
families, or supporters of the traditionarv com.mercial glories of old New 

Among the men of practical, scientific skill which our country has 
produced, we should not fail to claim John Stevens among our alumni, 

* As a distinguished trustee, Dr. John H. Livingston, the Patriarch of the Dutch 
Church, should be included in this brief list. 

I^g The First Century of Columbia College. [Oct., 

distinguished not only for his individual talents, but also as the head of a 
family celebrated for genius in mechanical invention. 

Of the members of the College Faculty, who, from their scholarship, 
or published works, or traditionary reputation, deserve to be held in hon- 
orable remembrance, we should mention, in particular, Doctor Johnson, 
the first President of King's College, and the friend of Seeker and Frank- 
lin ; his son, the first President of Columbia College ; Myles Cooper, the 
loyalist and classical scholar ; Bishop ]\Ioore, and Doctor John M. Mason; 
the worthy, paternal Doctor Harris ; Doctor W. A. Duer, the high-toned 
gentleman ; Doctor N. F. Moore, the refined scholar ; and the present 
active and zealous head of the college, Doctor King. 

The list of Professors during this period includes (as do the catalogues 
of the oflicers of all colleges and universities) English, French, and Ger- 
man, as well as American names, of scholars and instructors unknown in 
a majority of cases, beyond the walls of their college ; but it also in- 
cludes names of deserved celebrity, a majority of whom, too, are among 
its most meritorious alumni ; such as Do<"tors Gross, Kemp, Kunze, 
Wilson, Mi'tchill, M'Vickar, Moore, Renwick, Anthon, Anderson, Chan- 
cellor Kent, Betts, his successor, Drisler, Da i'onte, and Schaefter. 

A highly respectable body, select if not exten.>ivc, should be included 
among the celebrities of the college, composed of all those who have 
earned a pure literary reputation. In this corps of litterateurs., some 
names present themselves of national reputation, while others enjoy a 
merely local fame, and are comparatively, but most undeservedly, forgot- 
ten by the present generation of readers who thirst after modern inferior 
novelties, while they neglect the sterling works of an earlier date. With 
two or three exceptions, the authors of Columbia are either to be num- 
bered with the dead, or are on the retired list. 

The first division embraces Jonathan Lawrence, a true poet, though 
he left but a few fugitive specimens of his youthful genius ; Clason, a 
brilliant versifier, and an accomplished though unfortunate man ; Drake, 
the friend of Halleck, gifted with vivid fancy and powei" of language (Dr. 
Griswold has recorded these last two in his American Parnassus as 
graduates of Columbia — though we cannot find their names in the printed 
list); Eastburn, the friend and poetical coadjutor of Sands ; Sands him- 
self, a humorist, scholar, and poet; Arden, the trans ator of Ovid; Grif- 
fin, the youthful professor and pure student ; William P. Hawes, an orig- 
inal humorist and disciple of Elia, worthy of his master ; Daniel Sey- 
mour, the able lina;uist and genial scholar ; Theodore Sedgwick, the 
economist and biographer ; and ]ohn L. Stephens, the popular and ad- 
venturous traveller, as well as active projector and man of business. The 
last three, we believe, reached middle life ; the others died comparatively 

The second classification includes those who, from age or long silence, 
may be considered to have terminated their literary career — though we 
should be glad to hear from them again. Of these we may mention Dr. 
Clement C. Moore, who holds the first place, and is one ot the few living 
graduates of the latter years (1798) of the past century; a refined and 
classic poetical writer of the school of Goldsmith and Cowper, with a 
mingled happy vein of delicate humor and pathetic sentiment ; Gulian C. 
Verplanck, almost his contemporary, a general scholar of discrimination 
and research ; and Dr. J. W. Francis (since deceased), the genial humorist 

1887.] The First Century of Colianhia College. I^q 

and sturdy scholar. — We have seen nothing bearing liis name in print, for 
some years, from Laughton Osborn, the cultivated scholar and satirist — 
although he is not entitled by age, surely, to be considered as on the re- 
tired list. But we fear the name of Charles F. Hoffman must be placed 
there, as his sad fate almost precludes the hope of any further genial pro- 
ductions of the fine mind of this chivalric poet and brilliant prose-writer. 
Mr. Hoffman was not a graduate of the college, whicii he left in his 
Junior year ; but at the semi-centennial celebration of its re-incorporation 
as Columbia College, he received the honorary degree of A. M. — a rare 
honor, since conferred on him, in company with William CuUen Bryant, 
Fitz-Greene Halleck, and Theodore Irving — the foremost names in our 

Of the living writers, from whom the public may expect to hear more, 
and with reiterated pleasure, we should enumerate E. A. Duyckinck, 
editor of the Literary World — the best literary weekly journal of 
our time — and compiler of the Cyclopcedia of American Literature ; 
J. C. Hurd, the philosophical jurist ; the Rev. Dr. Williams, of the Bap- 
tist denomination, and undoubtedly their greatest name in this country ; 
H. Onderdonk, Jr., the historian ; Gillespie, the traveller and scientific 
writer ; and Dr. Spencer, the classical critic, theologian, and Eastern 

We take no notice of compilers of school-books ; nor is it our inten- 
tion to enumerate every writer of an address or political pamphlet, else the 
foregoing list might be greatly enlarged by the addition of the names of 
" the mob of gentlemen who write with ease " what is hard to read. We 
record only writers of established reputation. 

Much of old New York's social history may be gleaned from a his- 
torical record of the Alumni of Columbia College. From the college 
album a list might be compiled, comprising much of the wit and worth, 
the wealth and respectability of the metropolis, during the past century. 
In this honored list the names of old New York families aie to be found, 
whose descendants to the fourth generation are still represented in suc- 
ceeding classes of students. The great-grandsons of the worthies of King's 
College are among the present under-graduates. 

In common with all old institutions of whatever character — literary, 
political, social or religious — a trite charge is often brought against this 
venerable college, by flippant pretenders to smartness, of old-fogyism. 
The old-fogyism of Columbia is what the phrase often implies — conserva- 
tism ; in this case, too, a wise conservatism. While other literary institu- 
tions, of great promise and much greater pretension, have gone down, 
this stable seminarv, strong in its endowment (judiciously managed), in 
the prudent councils of its trustees, the ability of its faculty, and in the 
character of its graduates, holds on the even and noiseless tenor of its 
way — constantly though quietly advancing. 

An ancient seat of learning in the commercial metropolis of the 
country, this college is, in a certain sense, placed in a false position ; for 
in the bustle of trade, and the throng of a populous city, letters and science 
are comparatively forgotten. The various interests of business and pleasure 
are apt to conflict with the quiet pursuits of the scholar, seeking wisdom 
" in the still air of delightful studies ; " and amid the diversified attractions 
of a great city, the college is, to a certain extent, overshadowed and un- 
heeded. But despite these disadvantages, she enjoys many compensating 

I CQ Descent of Sir Peter Warren mid Sir Wiliiam Johnscn. [Oct.-, 

aids to learning, in the assemblage of learned men, the practical illus- 
tration of the sciences as adapted to the arts of life, in access to libraries 
and collections, and the sympathies that should ever exist between the 
true philosophical scholar and the mass of active, intelligent life glowing 
around him. 


By Charles H. Browning. 

The time may come when it will be possible for some American to 
include in his ancestry many, or the majority, of a certain historical body of 
persons, as the signers of the Declaration of Independence, or the co- 
lonial governors, or even the War Governors of our day. The New 
England Historical Genealogical Register of April, 1855, called attention 
to the descent of one person from four of the Pilgrim Fathers, and 
of another from six of the '"^ Mayflower Pilgrims," and six of the '■'■Anne 
Pilgrims." In this connection I wish to show what it is possible to do 
genealogically with that celebrated body of old-time barons, the "Twenty- 
five Securities " for the observance of Magna Charta, who were selected 
by "one of themselves, " which, by the way, is the most glaring example of 
nepotism of record, as most of the committee of twenty-five were related 
to one another. 

This is the list of the "Securities" for Magna Charta. It will be 
observed that No. 26 was substituted for No. i8, who declined to serve. 

1. William d'Albini, Sheriff of Warwick and Leicester, d. 1236. 

2. Hugh Bigod, d. 1225. 

3. Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, d. 1230. 

4. Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, d. 1220. 

5. Gilbert de Clave, d. 1229. 

6. Richard de Clare, Earl of Clare, d. 1218. 

7. John Fitz-Robert, Lord of Horsford, Norfolk, d. 1240. 

8. Robert Fitz-Walter, Baron of Dunmore, d. 1234. 

9. William de Fortibus, Earl of Albemarle, d. 1241. 

10. William de Hardell, Lord Mayor of London, not a baron. 

11. William de Huntingfield, Sberiilf of Norfolk and Suffolk, d. 125. 

12. John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, d. 1240. 

13. William de Lanvallie, Governor of Colchester, d. 12 17. 

14. William Mallet, Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, d. s. p. m. 1224. 

15. Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Gloucester, d. s. p. 12 19. 

16. William Marshall, Jr., Earl of Pembroke, d. s. p. 1231. 

17. Richard de Montifichet, d. s. p. 1268. 

18. Roger de Monthegon, d. s. p. 1225, resigned. 

19. William de Mowbray, Governor of York, d. 1222. 

20. Richard de Percy, d. s. p. 1244. 

21. Saher de Quincy, Earl of Winchester, d. 1219. 

22. Robert de Ros, Sheriff of Cumberland, </. 1227. 


1 887.] Descent of Sir Peter Warren and Sir William Johnson, icj 



Geoffrey de Say, Governor of Carlisle, d. 1230. 
Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, d. 1221. 
Eustace de Vesci, k. 12 16. 

Roger de IMowbray, brother of No. 19, substituted for No. 18 
in 1 2 16. 

Herewith I exhibit the descent of two gentlemen intimately connected 
with the early history of New York, and closely allied witli its colonial 
families, from thirteen of the above " Twenty-five Securities," or, as more 
commonly known, "The Twenty-tive Magna Charta Barons," to wit : 
Nos. I, 2, 3, 4, 5> 6, 12, 13, 19, 21, 22, 24 and 25, in the above list, or 
from thirteen of the twenty barons who had issue, who were in turn 
related to nine of the remaining twelve, i.e., Nos. 7, 8, 9, 15, 16. 17, 
20, 23 and 26 ; the information preserved of the remaining three, Nos! 
10, II and 14, is too uncertain to be used. 

Gilbert de Clare, one of the Twenty-five 
Securities, son of RicJiard de Clare, one of 
the Twenty-five Securities, had: Richard, 
fn. Maud, dau. of John de Lacy, one of 
tJie Twenty-five Securities, and had: — Gil- 
bert, who had : — Elizabeth, m. Theodore 
deVerdon, and had: — Isabel, w. Henry de 
Ferrers, and had: — William, who had : 
Margaret, m. Thomas de Beauchamp, and 

Rkhard, who had : Eleanor, vt. Edmund 
de Beaufort, and had : 

Joan, tn. Robert St. Lawrence, and had: 
Nicholas, m. Jeanette Plunket, and had: 

Hugh Bigod one of the Twenty-five 
Securities, son of Roger Bigod, one of the 
Twenty-five Sccu)ities, had Ralph, who 
had: Isabel, m. John Fitz-Geoffrey, and 
had : John, who had: — Maud, ;;/. William 
de Beauchamp, and had: Guy, who had: — 
Thomas, who had this Thomas de Beau- 

Robert de Vere, one of the Twenty-five 
Securities, had: — Hugh, who had : — Rob- 
ert, who had : Joan, m. William Plantaga- 
net, and had: — Alice, m. Edmund Fitz- 
Alan, and had: — Richard, who had : Alice, 
m. Thomas de Holland, and had : — Mar- 
garet, m. John de Beaufort, and had : this 
Edmund de Beaufort. 

Eustace de Vesci, one of the Twenty-five 
Secui'ities, had : — Isabel, ni. William de 
Welles, and had : William, who had : 
Adam, who had : Adam, who had John, 
who had: — John, m. Eleanor, dau. of 
John, son of John, son of John, son of 
Roger, son of Roger, son of William de 
Mowbray, one of tlie Ttventy-five Securi- 
ties, and had Eude, who had : — William, 
who had : — Elizabeth, m. Christopher 
Plunket, and had this Jeanette Plunket. 

Eleanor, tn. Walter Cheever, and had: 1 

William de Lanvallic, one of the Twen- 
ty-five Securities, had : Haw'ise, w, John 
de Burgh, and had : John, who had :— 
John, who had : — Margaret, m. Richard de 
Burgh, and had : Joan, m. John d'Arcy, 
and had ; — P-Ilizabeth, m. James, son of 
Eleanor (and James Butler), dau. of 
Humphrey, son of Plumphrey, son of 
Humphrey, son of Humphrey, son of 
Henry de Bohtin, one of the Twenty-five 
Securities, and had : Thomas, who had : — 
Eleanor, tn. Robert de la Field, and 
had : — Robert, who had : — Thomas, who 


Descent of Sir Peler Warren and Sir William Johnson. [Oct., 

Christopher, who had: Margaret, m. Bar- 
tholomew Ayhner, and had: Gerald, m. 
Alison FitzGerald, and had: — 

Bartholomew, who had Christopher, who 
had: Christopher Aylmer, Bart, of Blarath, 

had: — John, who had: — Thomas, who 
had: — Isabel, w. Gerald FitzGerald, and 
had this Alison FitzGerald. 

Robert de Ros* one of the Twenty-five 
Securities, had William, who had: — Rob- 
ert, ni. Isabel, dau. of William, son of 
William d^Albini, one of the Twenty-five 
Secuiities, and had: — William, who had: 
Alice, m. Nicholas Meinille, and had: — 
Elizabeth, m. John d' Arcy, and had: 
Philip, who had: — John, who had: John, 
who had: John, who had: Elizabeth, m. 
Thomas de Rochefort, and had : — Roger, 
who had : John, who had : John, who 
had : — Catherine, m. Oliver Plunket, and 
had : — Thomas, m. Margaret, dau. of 
Catherine (and Nicholas Bamewell), dau. 
of Richard, son of Thomas, son of Chris- 
topher, son of Robert, son of Jane (and 
Hugh Luttrell), dau. of John, son of 
Henry, son of John, son of Alice (and 
Henry de Beaumont), dau. of Alexander, 
son of Elizabeth (and Alexander Comin), 
dau. of Roger, son of Saher de Quincy, 
one of the Twenty -five Secuiities, and 
had : Oliver, who had : — Matthew, who 
had : — Margaret Plunket. 


Catherine Aylmer, d. 1726. 

2dly Capt. Michael Warren, of Warrenton, 
Co. Meath, Ireland, d. 1712. 

Oliver Warren, 
Lt. Royal Navy. 

Anne Warren ^ Christopher Johnson, 
I of Warrenstown. 

Rt. Hon. Nathaniel War- 
ren, M. P., Lord Mayor 
of Dublin, d. 1796. — Is- 

Gen. Sir William Johnson, 
Bart., Supt. of Indian 
affairs in North Amer- 
ica, d. N. Y. 1774. — Issue. 

Sir Peter Warren, K. B., 
L. C. D., Rear Admiral Roy- 
al Nav^ of New York, d. 1752. 
Naval commander at the Cap- 
ture of Louisburg. — Issue. 

* This Robert de Ros was the son and heir of Everard de Ros, who married 
Rose, daughter and co-heiress of Walter Trusbutt. Robert de Ros married Isabel, 
daughter of William the Lion, King of Scotland. His son, William, married 
Eucia Fitz Piers, and had issue Robert Lord Ros, of Werke, who married Isabel de 
Albini, as is mentioned in the text. His descendant and ultimate heiress, Elizabeth, 
married Sir William Parr in 1466. From this marriage descended Katharine Parr, 
Q-ueen of King Henrv VIII., and her first cousin, Elizabeth Parr, who married 
Nicholas 2ist Baron Wahull or Woodhull. An old manuscript pedigree, now or 
formerly in the possession of Richard Woodhull. Esq., of Long Island. N. Y., which 
is believed to have been sent out in 16S7 by Lord Crew, a cousin of his ancestor, 
clearly traces his descent from the above-named Nicholas and appears to be authentic, 
though it is fair to say that it has not yet been found possible to reconcile it with the 
■printed pedigrees. There can be no reasonable doubt, however, that the WoodhuUs 
are a third family descended from two of the Securities. — Ed. 

This interesting paper calls to mind the old lines — 

" The g-ood knights are dust ; 
Their good swords are rust. 
Their souls are with the Lord, we trust.'' 

1887.] Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. jr 

FROM A. D. 1609TOA.D. 1625. 

Transcribed by James Greenstrekt, Honorary Secretary of the Pipe- 
Roll Society, 

(Continued from VoL XVIII., p. 113, of The Record.) 


July 15, John Michell and Judethe Hill, by lycence. 

July 25, Thomas Owen and Hellene Griffith. 

July 26, John Bates and Dorothie Angell, bj' banes. 

July 27, John Martyn and Marye Strelley, by lycence facullyes. 

July 29, David Walker and Alice Arnold, by lycence facult^-es. 

July 29, Richard Constable and Anne Willsonn, by such a lycence. 

Aug. 5, Marke Pemble and Alice Cartar, by lycence facultyes. 

Aug. 5, Maurice Evans and Sarah Emps, by lycence. 

Aug. 6, Roberte Smyth and Elizabethe Gerrard, by banes. 

Aug. 22, Raphe OUiffe and Elizabethe Winstonne, by lycence fac- 

Sept. 7, Thomas IMansbridge and Elizabeth Parker, 

Sept. 17, William Noone and Jane Spence. 

Oct, II, Lodovicke Harrys and Sara Bagley, by licence. 

Oct. 14, Laurance Smyth and Rebecca Edmund, by lycence facul- 

Oct, 20, Joseph Phillips and Anne Muggins, by licence facultyes, 

Oct. 28, Robert, lord ALaxewell, Baron of Maxewell, and Elizabeth 
Beemount, by lycence faculties. 

Oct. 31, Elias Wolfrey and Joane Goodfellowe, by banes. 

Nov. 6, Phillip Campion and Mary Addams, by lycence faculties, 

Nov. 17, William Reuell and Grace Horneyhould, widdowe, by 

Joseph Guarinoni and Katherine Melley, by lycence facul- 

ffrauncis Harewell and ffraunces Pussy Lady, by lycence 

Thomas Gaswaie and Joyse Wood, by lycence, 

James ffuzell and Isabell Degambod, alias Desusa, by lie. 

William Goddard and Elizabeth Milles, by lycence facult. 

John Paddon and Mary fteild. 

Anthony ?]liot and Elizabeth Bartlemew, by lie. facult. 

Tobyas Henman and Susanna Blinckhorne, lye. facult. 

William Hall and Anne Lewis, by banes. 

John Pyper and Annis Granger, by banes. 

Robert Steward and Margaret Sinkleiar, by banes, 
Feb. 14, Henry Wheateley and Joyse Laurance, by lie. facult. 
Feb. 23, Bryan Stapleton and Anne Clarke, by lye. facult. 
Feb. 28, Thomas Neuett and Katheryne Borroughs, by lycence from 
the facult. 

lycence facult 



























Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. 




y^ facultyes 







1 6, 

y® facultyes 





y* facult. 





















of London, 


































the faculties. 

















the faculties. 





Thomas Cornell and Bridgett Hubbard, by lycence from 

Jeremie Harrys and Anne Wilkins, by lye. 

Richard King and Margaret Lidford, by lycence from y* 

ffrauncis Walstead and Siciley Johnson, by lycence from 

Edward Theaker and ffraunces Geyton, by lycence facult. 
ffrauncis Lathman and Jane Dickson, by lycence from 

Robert Bradbury and Margaret Guy, by lycence Bishop of 

Barkley Allen and Joane Nedue, by licence Bishop of 

William Gallimore and Mary Allen, by lye. facult. 

Thomas Copperis and Alice Severy, by lye. facult. 

Thomas Atwood and Joane Ridgway, by banes. 

John Clarke and Elizabeth Stamen 

Robert Belney and Elizabeth Pallin, by lie. facult. 

James Shilar and Elizabeth Leigh, by banes. 

Joseph Bristow and Sara Stebbins, by licence from Bishop 

Edward Beady and Katheryne Brant, by lye. facult. 

Henry Call and Elizabeth James, by lye. facult. 

Peter Lamarre and Abigail Rogers, by lye. facult. 

Thomas Palmer and Joane Garrett, by lye. facultyes. 

William Wright and Margery Joanes, by lye. facultyes. 
John Carter and Rose Neale, by lye. 
Arthur Beadle and Elizabeth Price, by banes. 
Andrew Boyd and Mary Hennage, by lye. 
Peter Duffen and Katherine Price, by banes. 
Francis Busby and Dorothy Medcalfe, by lycence from ye 

Henry Gilderson and Elizabeth East, by lye. 

George Session and Ellen Rider, by banes. 

Thomas Cooley and Rebecca Barton, by lye. facultyes. 

Thomas Clayton and Elizabeth Rumley, licens'd facult. 

William Key and Joan Wells, by license. 

Edward Lymer and Elizabeth Brannek, by licence from 

Walter Loueden and Katherine Bretton, by license. 
Maurice Bowen and Ann Baker, by a licence from facultyes. 
John Cary and Margret Butler, by banes asked. 
Daniell Gosnell and Jane Sudbury, by lycence. 
'I'homas Gregory and Anne Singleton, by banes asked. 
John Richards and Judith Elkin, by licence. 
John Pritehett and Elizabeth Goddin, by licence. 
Thomas Whitloekand Katherine Greeman, by licence from 

Thomas Wragg and Jane Smith, by licence. 
Erasmus Hallett and Mary Fenix, by licence. 

1887.] Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. 















same office. 













ve faculties. 




1 9: 

. Dec. 

































































Richarde Phips and Erdee Calvart, by banes. 

Robert Clarke and Elizabeth Persons, by lyceuce. 

John Page and Hannah Wharton, by lye. 

Richard ffarrar and Elizabeth Talbott, by lye. 

Henry Morrill and Alice Burges, by licence from the ffac- 

Peter Woolsridge and Elizabeth Lucas, license irom the 

Robert White and Mary Glover, by banes asked. 
Thomas Woodding and Susan Sherkock, by licence from ye 

Matthewe Butler and Mirabella Eldrid, by licence. 
Simon Killigrey and Elizabeth Roose, by licence from the 

Frauncis Walker and Margret Gardiner, by licence from 

George Winkefeild and Avice Porter, by licence facultyes. 

William Bundey and Margery Collett, by Ivc. 

William Liverd and Mary Prickitt by lie. from ye facultyes. 

Thomas Eaton and Judith Bellingham, by lie. 

John Landman and Anne Richardson, by Doctor Ridley's 

Charles Erryn and Elizabeth Heatii, by lie. facvlt. 
Richard Harris and Dorothy Mulshewe, by licence. 
Raph Conniers and Jane Baylie, by licence. 
Edward Leech and Jane Chaworth, by licence. 
John Smith and Joane Williamson, by licence. 
Robert Balduck and Alice Cockrell, by licence. 

John Wilson and Katherine Chamberlaine, by licence. 
Thomas Lauarock and Agnes fifrene, by licence. . 
John George and Bridgett Bubb. by banes asked. 
John Snapp and Rebecca Hall, by licence. 
Richard Vener and Magdeline Smith, by licence. 
Edmond Bellaney and Mary Brockas, by licence. 
James Kenningame and Ann Wall, by banes asked. 
Edward Everie and Katherine Morgaine, by Baines asked. 
Robert Nelson and Millicent Iton, by licence. 
James Hanson and Jane Middleton, by Baines asked. 
Alaxander Cheesham and Marie Bowers, by licence. 
Thomas Peirce and Vrsula Chandlor, by licence. 
Jacob Bailey and Susan Lake, by licence. 
John ffarrant and Jane Raphbey, by Baynes asked. 
Ambrose Chaplyne and Penelope Gregory, by licence. 
William Shereife and Katherine Bayley. by licence. 
Henry Jones and Sybil 1 Crosse, by licence. 
Thomas Elcock and Elizabeth Rushford, by licence. 
John Dickenson and Ann Dawson, by licence. 
George Dackum and Katherine Woodward, by licence. 
Seth Gardiner and Alice Holman, by licence. 
John Lee and Elizabeth Anderson, by licence. 
Hugh Jones and Julian Sperriwigg, by licence. 

ic6 Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. [Oct,, 

July 15, Nicolas Townsend and Jane Dowton, by licence. 

July 16, John Hazzard and Margret Pattison, by licence. 

July 20, Richard Ferbrother and Martha Radley, by licence. 

July 26, James Hay and Sydney Mezy, by licence. 

Aug. 12, Robert Robinson and Margery Withins, by licence. 

Aug. 14, John Grove and Martha Cressett, by licence. 

Aug. 18, John Claridge and Ann Smith, by licence. 

Sept. 7, Seazly Cooke and Mary Smither, by licence. 

Sept. 19, Richard Perkins and Ann Flemming, by licence. 

Sept. 30, Nicolas Mawley and Cesly White, by licence. 
~ Oct. 9, Patrick Newell and Margret Booie, by licence. 

Oct. II, William Plumpton and Ellen Cheston, by licence, 

Oct. II, James Stevenson and Fraunces Chapman, by licence. 

Oct. II, Jerome Buckland and Dorothy Duck, by licence. 

Oct. 23, William Chambers and Margaret King, by licence. 

Nov. I, William Benger and .Audray Whitefield, by licence. 

Nov. I, Nathaniel Olney and jNIary Dauis by licence. 

Nov. 5, William Leuctnor and Mary Allen, by licence. 

Nov. II, Morgan Renolds and Elizabeth Price, by banes asking. 

Nov. 26, George Withers and Polexena Munnor, by licence. 

Nov. 27, Richard Cockram and Ann Doun, by licence. 

Dec. I, George Burghe and Francis Leake, by licence. 

Dec. 4, J^hn Dier and Agnes Griffith, by licence. 

Dec. 10, Richard Sayer and Alice Hardie, by licence. 

Dec. 12, William Lockton and Adriana Redding, by licence. 

Jan. 8, Thomas Appleyeard and Dorothy Parrey, by licence. 

Jan, 26, William Porter and Elizabeth Withers, by licence. 

Jan. 27, John Dorwin and Dorothy Pegg, by licence. 

Jan. 27, Nicolas Ogry and Jane Farmer, by certificate from the 
Minister of St. Martin's in the fields that they were 3 tymes lawfully asked. 

Feb. 10, Adam Chapplehowe and Mary Gray, by licence. 

Feb. 14, William Seller and Snsann Seayward, by licence. 

Feb. 21, John Wilkocks and Joane Jones, by licence. 

Feb. 26, Steven Theobald and INIary Oxenbridge, by licence. 

Feb. 26, Isaake Hamlet and Alice Seale, by licence. 

March 3, William Edwardes and Margrett Moty, by licence. 

March 7, Frauncis Lister and Anne Middleton, by licence, 

March 8, Peter Dowker and Ann Snidol, by licence. 

March 24, Buckle Brandon and Elizabeth Petoe. 


March 26, John Cotton and Anne Tench, by licence. 

May 5, Robert Browne and Thomasin Hare, by licence. 

May 5, Thomas Pue and Dorothy Price, by licence. 

May 6, Henry Croper and Elizabeth Hilliard, by licence. 

May 9, William Dagger and Alargret Swale, bv licence. 

May 12, Robert Dighton and Elizabeth Farfex, both of this parish, 
by banes asked. 

May 19,/John Greene and Katherine Virral, by banes asked. 

May zi, Robert Marchall and Ann Foster, bv licence. 

June 2, John Brett and Elizabeth Walters, by licence. 

June 2, Henry Rider and Sicely Jackson, by licence. 

June 16, Hugh Masters and Anne Hovvel, by vertue of banes asked. 


1887,] Marriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. jcy 

June 26, Hugh Hulmes and Alice Johnson, by banes asked. 

June 30, Thomas Disting and Jane Johnson. 
^ July 2, Nathaniel Heaton and Elizabeth Philipps, by licence. 

July 5, Peter Roberts and Emiiia Wormlayton, by licence. 

July 10, Robert Leeds and Ann Aston, by licence. 

July II, William Weight and Jone Sharpe, by licence. 

July 22, Edward Wignal and VN'inefred Baker, by licence. 

July 31, William Griffin and Alice Holmed, by licen. 

Aug. I, William Smithsby and Rabsey Morgam, by licence. 

Aug. 17, Thomas Broderick and Katherin Nicholas,' by licence, 

bept. 12, Richard Bird and Margret Goodman, by licence. 

Sept. 15, Alexander Linne and Mary Waterton, by licence. 

Sept. 22, William Talbottand Ann Basselton, by banes asked. 

Sept. 26, William Readman and Martha Dodson, by licence. 

Oct. II, John Biondyand Mary Mayerna, by licence. 

Oct. 22, James Blumby and Marie Hunt. 

Oct. 28, Edward Rawlinson and Agnes Adams, by licence. 

Nov. 4, William Andrewes and Mary fflood, by licence. 

Nov. 5, Thomas Barnes and Ann Kingsbury, by licence, 

Dec. I, Thomas Dunporch and Ann Painter, by licence. 

Dec. 5, Thomas Harvey and Elizabeth Fremley, by licence. 

Jan. 16, Jenken Dauis and Anne Cockdel, bv licence. 

Jan. 23, Christopher Gibson and Judith Osb.iston, [by licence] from 
the Lord of Canturbury. 

Feb. I. Edward Wilson and Mary Feild, by licence from my Lord 
of Canturbury. 

Feb. 10, Thomas Hector and Bridget Louel, by licence, 

Feb. 24, Thomas Fitch and Margiet Sanders, by licence. 

March 2, Geruase Neuil and Frances Ridgwaye, by licence. 

March 6, John Duncombe and Margret Dowble-day, by licence. 

March 18, Thomas Yeate and Alice Kinder, by vertue of licence. 


April 8, George Turner and ffrances Burrhough, by licence. 

April 14, John Googe and Grace Griffin, by licence, 

April 30, H umphrey Holden and Anne Harling, by vertue of licence. 

May 5, William Billingsley and Sara Pratt. 

]\Iay 8, Thomas Aers and Elizabeth Kidder, by licence. 

May 27, Charles and Anne Hitchkock [sic), by vertue of I'cence. 

June 4, Theophilus Hudson and Alice Churchyard, by licence. 

June 6, Frances Home and Mary Weston, by licence. 

June 30, John Traherne and Dorothy Wi by, by licence. 

July 2, Frederick Albeck and Elizabeth Hayes, by licence. 

July 3, Leonard Bodin and Mary Leigh, by licence. 

|uly 5, William Smith and Ann Roberts, by licence. 

July 22, Richard Winter and Alice Woodroffe, by licence. 

July 31, William Lane and Judith Rolt, by licence. 

|uly 31, Arthur Rayment and Elizabeth Halfeknight,* by banes 

Sept. I, John Marty n and Mary Leake, by banns asked. 

Sept. 8, Gilbert Kenniddy and Sabboth Whittbrooke, by licence. 

* " Halfewright " seems to have been written in the first instance. 


irg 3farriages at St. Mary Le Strand, London. [Oct., 

Sept. 28, Simon Bowman and Dorothie Gardiner, by licence. 
Oct. 13, Henry Lidgold and Audray Welder, by vertue of licence. 
Oct. 20, Samuel Rauen and Katherine Collard, by vertue of licence. 
Oct. 27. Radulph Battion and Elizabeth Newman, by licence. 
Oct. 2"], John Smith and Ann Gent, by licence. 
Nov, 6, William Murray and Elizabeth Watson, by vertue of licence. 

Henry Fisher and Jane Child, by licence. 

Thomas Hurst and Susan Williams, by licence. 

Thomas Williams and Elinor Vnderwood, by licence, 

Robert Henderson and Frances Bulberd, by licence. 

John Holland and Judith Antonie. 

Richard Young and Alice Lincolne, by licence. 

Adam Banckes and Anne Spike, by licence. 

U'alter Mansel and Elizabeth Fotherby, by licence. 

Michael King and Agnes Adams, by licence. 

Robert Spencer and Francis Beale, bv licence. 
6, George Murray, cleark, and Rachel Welby, by licence. 

Henry Walward and Susan Smithinesden, by licence. 

Thomas Moreton and Ann Philips, by licence. 

Thomas Duck and Mary Line, married in Sommerset 

Richard Collins and Elizabeth Cresswel, by licence. 

'1 homas Foster and Anne Blunt, widdowe. 

Leonard Colson and Margret Lane, by licence. 

Thomas Beachcott and Sara Fosse. 
March 5, Thomas Coney and Etheldred Oxbrough, by licence. 
March 18, William Tooker and Elizabeth Horsey, by licence. 

April 8, Christopher Harrold and Vrsula Russel. 
•May II, Robert Hasleden and Mary Wright, by licence. 
May 13, Steuen Hawkins and Elizabeth Taylor, by licence. 
.May 17, Hugh Prichard and Alice Clement, by vertue of licence. 
May 17, John Gibson and Elianor Whiston, by the like licence. 
May 17, Robert Prescott and Mary Richardson, by banes asked. 
May 24, William Oliver and Alice Church. 
May 24, Robolham (sic) and Elizabeth Whiting, by licence. 
June 15, John Keetly and Ann Torre, by licence. 
June 17, Edward Williams and Alice Browne, by licence. 
June 21, Thomas Bowyer and Dame Jane Stoughton, by licence. 
June 22, Frederick Steward and Elizabeth Skinner, by licence. 
June 22, William Edmonds and Mary Froude, by bines asked. 
July 10, George Lander and Anne Wallis, by licence. 
July 21, Samuel Cade and Francis Paury, by licence. 
July 22, George Ball and Mildred Smith, by licence. 
July 26, Robert Punter and Jane Bacon, by licence. 
July 28, Thomas Shepheard and Frances Page, by licence. 
Aug. 12, Henry Whitehorne and Deborah Jacson, by licence. 
Aug. 12, Robert Ottaway and Blanch Mytth, by licence. 
Aug. 24, John Cooper and Mary Peeters. 
Sept. 27, Richard Willis and Elizabeth Gibson, by lie. 
Oct. I, Abraham Heynes and Elizabeth Bacon, by licence. 
Oct. 4, William Morgan and Sibilla Waite. 


1 1, 




































1887. J Marriages at St. Mary Le Sir and, London. 159 

Oct. 10, Ambrose Hembrowe and Jane West, by vertue of banes 

^^'Oct. 19, John Gibbs and Grace Greenbank, by vertue of banns 

^^' Oct 21 Henry Sams and Elizabeth Redding, by licence. 

Oct" 24 Samuel Poes and Mary Maurice, by licence. 

Nov IS George Dethick and Mary Griffith, by licence. 

Nov* V Robert Moyle and Margaret Old field, by licence. 

Nov' 22, Thomas Browne and Elizabeth Engham, by licence. 

Dec' II ' Robert Morgan.and Ann Turberuil, by licence. 

Tan " 2 Robert Taintor and Elizabeth Booth, by banes. 

Tan' 16 Andrewe Farrier and Joane Gravel, by banes asked. 

Tan' 2^! Thomas Fuller and MargrettAser. 

Feb. 17, Edward Hobson, esquire, and Judith Hales, widdowe, 
by ^lj^^"ce. ^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^.^ ^^^ Elizabeth Hill, by banes asked. 

Feb' 24' Isaak Chesshire and Margret Fosset, by banes asked. 

Feb' 24' William Cox and Dorothy Barrick, by like banes. 

Feb" 28 John Jones and Margret Morgan, by licence. 

March 7' Thomas Fielding and Ann Harrington, by licence. 

March 8, John Jordan and Elizabeth Morgan, by licence. 

March 28, Edmund Woodruffe and Judith Penat, by licence. " ' 

March 30 William Hitchinson and Ellen Par, by licence. 

April 26 Tohn Harrison and Mary Ashborne by banes asked. 

Mav iQ Lionel Bayly and Mary Willis, by licence. 
May 9, Radulph Wilkenson and Joane Crowcher, by licence. 

May 29 John Hastings and Judith Heylock by banes. 
Tune 2 Arthur Bentlv and Elizabeth Hal, by licence. 
^ Tune 6' Edward Yande and Jane Searle by licence. 

Tune 8 Thomas Hughes and Maudlin Dau.s, by banes asked. 

Tune 12', Tohn Loue and Jone Bennet b)' licence. 

Tune 26 Marke Blowers and E izabeth Hands, by he 

TnW 4 TohP Hackley and Dorothie Proutherough, by he _ 

-July 2;,' Rkhard Wilson and Margaret Adderson, per he. 

^^""a'u- 8 Henry Cox and Anne Booth, by banes 

Oct" 6 Tames Kifflin and Elizabeth Acklinne, by license. 

. 8c ' 20 Stephen Hannam and Elizabeth Bowyer, by licence. 

Oct' 2 2,' Richard Thomas and Joane Conningham, by 1 ic. 

Oct 24 Henry Downes and Francis Plat, by banes. 

Sov 7 Geor^^e Tenant and Joane Griffin, by banes. 

XT ^' V^Kn Pvm and Toane Williams, bv licence. 

Sov 13' &S Campiin and Margaret Vardy,. by licence. 

Nov n Tohn Pole and Joane Hutchinson, by licence. 

M i' T?aniel Holt and Elizabeth Nash, by licence. 

Nov ' ?ranc s^ul an and Elisabeth Steuens, by licence. 

Nov 8' Robert Gascovne and Elizabeth Blunt, by licence. -^^ 

Sec ' William Lyver and Alice Saunders, by licence. 

Dec 19 John Pascall and Anne Bisshop, by banes. 

j5o Philip Frencau. [Oct^ 


Contributed and partly written by the Rev. William Hall. 

A valuable biographical sketch of Freneau from the pen of Mr. Benja- 
min appeared in the k'pxW Magazine 0/ American History, which the present 
historical notice of him will not designedly traverse, and to which it has not 
been -in the least indebted. What is here given has been quite recently re- 
ceived from the pen of an esteemed friend in this city, an accomplished 
daughter of the late Mr. Henry O'Rielly, a kinsman of Freneau, and so 
long known as an active member of the N. Y. Historical Society, and one 
of the most enterprising and public-spirited citizens of this State and coun- 
try in former days. We think what follows, as thus received, will be 
chiefly supplemental to Mr. Benjamin's tribute to the memory of Freneau, 
and doubtless new to most readers. "About two years before my father's 
death," says the writer, " a professor in the college at Princeton, the Rev. 
I. O. Murray, delivered an address before the Brooklyn Historical Society, 
the subject matter of which being ' Philip Freneau, poet, essayist, and ed- 
itor.' Dr. Murrav called on my father several times in regard to the subject, 
and some space in the journals was occupied by the outlines of this address. " 

Philip Freneau was a warm personal friend of an uncle of Mr. 
O'Rielly, and gave him one of his daughters, Agnes Freneau, in marriage. 
Thev had two children, Philip and Henry ; and, as her father had no sons, 
and Agnes was his favorite daughter, he desired, and the parents consented, 
that Philip, the elder of these grandsons, should take also the family 
name of his maternal grandfather, while the other, whose Christian name 
was that of his paternal grandfather, should retain his surname, and thus 
the brothers bore, respectively, the names of father and mother. 

Philip Freneau, the chief poet of the American Revolution, was born 
in the City of New York, January 13, 1752, and was of Huguenot 
descent. He was educated at Nassau Hall, Princeton, N. J., where his 
room-mate was James Madison, with whom he graduated in the class of 
1771. His other subsequently distinguished classmates were Gunning 
Bedford, Judge Breckenridge, Dr. Charles McKnight, and Rev. Dr. Sam- 
uel Spring. Even in his earlier school days he gave evidence of his satir- 
ical powers and of his abilities as a versifier, but it was not until he was at 
college that he developed signs ol those greater powers which made him fa- 
mous in after life. During his college days he wrote the " Poetical Life of the 
Prophet Jonah,'' in four cantos, and which contained parts evincing more 
than ordinary mind. During the Revolution he was a devoted patriot, 
and his poems on the war are some of his best. He did all he could 
to kindle enthusiasm in the breasts of his countrymen, and there is 
no doubt that he succeeded well. He wrote political burlesques in prose 
and in verse that were widely published and well relished for their keen sat- 
ire. * In 1776 he was captured by a British cruiser when on his way to 
the West Indies, and subjected to a long and cruel confinement in the 
prison ship Scorpio7i, which lay in New York Harbor. When the Fed- 
eral Government was established in Philadelphia, Freneau was French 

* A copy of the poems of Philip Freneau, 8vo, Monmouth, 1795, is in the Library 
of Columbia College. — Ed. 

1887.] Philip Freneau. l5j 

translator in the Department of State. The Federal Gazette, published 
in that city under Freneau, was an immense political paper, but people of 
his day were behind his writings. The second war with England reani- 
mated his muse, and he again recorded, in stirring verse, the triumphs of 
American arms. The remainder of his life was spent quietly at his resi- 
dence called " Mt. Pleasant," near Freehold, N. J. His acquaintance 
with statesmen of prominence, and with authors, was extensive, among 
the former of which were Presidents Jefferson and Monroe, as \\ell as 
Madison. He had great genius and brilliant instincts. Some of 
his poetry sprang from an intense flame of hatred of oppression, and as a 
poet he blew it to a white heat. He was possessed with an impetuous 
flow of song for freedom, and his wit was not less pungent and stinging. 
And then his exquisite dirge of the heroes of Eutaw Springs, and his odes, 
were, in some parts, unrivalled. Campbell and Scott did not hesitate to 
borrow whole lines from him, and the great Jeffrey predicted that the time 
would come when his poetry, as Hudibras, would command a commen- 
tator like Gray. His literary essays were in his peculiar vein, and, as a 
pioneer in American literature, he claims a warm and lasting place in the 
hearts of his countrymen. The family were Episcopalians. Philip 
Freneau's father and grandfather are buried in Trinity Church cemetery. 
His only brother, Peter, married a niece of Gov. Pinckney, of South Car- 
olina. He had no children. Philip had no sons, but four daughters. 
Agnes, already mentioned, married Edward Ledbetier, who was a mer- 
chant in New York at that time. He was a son of Henry Ledbetter, 
physician as well as friend to the family of lieresford, all powerful therein 
Church and State, as well as army. As a mark of their esteem. Lord 
Beresford urged him to accept the honor of knighthood. He quietly de- 
clined, saying, humorously, that his wife felt like himself, and w^ould 
prefer to be called " Mrs." to " Lady Anne*." Another daughter married 
the nephew of Judge Blatchford, another a nephew of our Consul to 
Japan — Harris, the fourth, Henry Biddle. 

Mr, Bryant wrote a sketch of Freneau, and INIr. Griswold, in his 
Aynerican Poets and Poetry, records his merits, as also the late Mr. 
Duyckinck, Dr. Francis and others, in their historical works. 

For portions of what has been given above, our friend acknowledges 
indebtedness to a report of Dr. Mussey's discourse on Philip Freneau, 
March 13, 1883, found in the BrooJdyn Eagle. She has in her possession 
a good sized photograph of Mrs. Agnes Ledbetter, her father's aunt, who, 
but a few years ago, was living, in her eighty-seventh year. She remem- 
bers seeing in childhood, an old volume of poems, by Mrs. Ledbetter, 
"who wrote finely." She was the authoress of " Poems and College 
Dialogues," which was prefaced by Miss Edgeworth. She also left a MS. 
history of the events in the family and neighborhood entitled yi«;w/5 of 
Ballytoivn, which, with her correspondence with the mother of Archbishop 
'^I'rench of Dublin, and also with the poet Crabbe, were published under 
the title of Ledbetter Papers, edited by Fisher, in two volumes. She was a 
Protestant. Many of the foregoing anecdotes were gained in her frequent 
visits among the poor, in company with the wife of the Episcopal minister 
of Carrickmacross, Rev. Mr. Pyncheon. 

1 52 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Neio Fork. [Oct., 

CITY OF NEW YORK.— Baptisms. 

(Continued from Vol. XVIII., p. 121, of The Record.) 


A° 1718 
Nov: 13. 






A° 1719. 
Jan : i. 



Marten Van Yvere, 

Judith Hooms. 
Elias Elles, 

Thomas Sickels, Jan- 

netje Brevoort. 
Abraham Van Vlecq, 

Maria Kip. 
Jan Boogert, A n t j e 

Abraham Van Wyk, 

Catharina Pro- 

Liiykas Stoutenbiirg. 

Helena Van Peh. 
William Miirfie, An- 

natje Van Ekele. 
Jacobus Kip, Cath- 
arina de Hart. 
Jurian Witvelt, Maria 

Chaerl Beekman, Ytje 

Van Zant. 

Andries Tenyk, Bar- 
end i n a Herten- 


Sara Willem. 








Hendrikus Coerte, Barent. 

Elizabeth de Riemer. 
Johannes Carbile, Joannes. 

Margrietje Provoost. 

V r e d e n - 
, Dorathea 


b u r g . 

Svmon Crigier, Antje 

Van Oost. 
M a t h e u s Bensen, 

Catharina Provoost, 
Abraham Van Ploorn, 

Maria Provocst. 
George Brewenton, 

Maria Ver Diiyn. 
Symon Van Seysen, 

Geertriiy Pel. 
Jozeph Robinson, 

Maria de Kleyn. 





Cornel lis. 




Johannes Pouwelse, 

rytje Burger. 
Jan Kierse, Maria Rome, 

Johannes Van Seysen, 

Judith Verwey, s. h. v. 
Johannes Kip, Catharina 

Kip, Jn'. 
Johannes Peek, Rachel 

Theodoriis Van Wyk. 

Bella Provoost. 

T h e li n i s Van Pelt, 
Helena Van Pelt. 

Johannes Van D e u r s e , 
Geesje Caertey. 

Abraham Van Vlecq, 
Catharina Sims. 

Willem Appel, jNIaria 

Isaac Van Zant and Jo- 
hannes Van Zant, Mar- 
grietje Van Zant. 

Jacob Tenyk, Neeltje 

Dirk Ashfield, Catharina 

D a v i d t Provoost Jon- 

ath z : Maria Zebering. 

Jacob Bennet, Jan z: 
Ma rytje Broiivver. 

Nicolaas Daly, Elizabeth 

Frederik Sebring, Marytje 

Davidt Provoost, J'., Aefje 

Theophilus Elsewarth, 
Cornelia Ver Diiyn. 

Willem Pel, Elizabeth 

Michiel Vaiighten, Cath- 
arina Vaiighten. 


1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Kav York. j^- 


A° 17I9. OUDERS. 

Jan: 14. Barent R e y n d e r s, 
Hester Leyslaar. 

Jan Nieuwkerk, Jan- 

neke Brestede. 
Abraham Aelsteyn, 

Marretje Jans. 
Gerret Hassing, En- 

geltje Burger. 
Gerret de Foreest, 

Cornelia Waldrom. 
Jacob Frause, Antje, 

Alexander Simson, 

INIartha Lee. 


Jan : 28. 



Johannes. Jan Reynders \ tot Am- 
Sara Reynders ) sterdam. 

Maria Gouverneur. 
Cornelia. Andries Brestede, Debora 

Brestede, s: h^: v'. 
Bregje. Albert Janse, Elizabeth 

Engeltje. Jacobus Moene, Grietje 

Moene, s: h: v. 
Sara, Barent de Foreest, Anna 

Van Deurse. 
Jacob. Joseph Sale, M a r g r i e 

Jannetje. Jeames Lee, Juslina Lee. 






Benjamin (^liack- 

enbos, C 1 a a s j e 
Henry Wileman, 

Rachel Van Baal. 
Corneliis Rapalye, Jo- 
hanna Anthonidus. 
Jhon Staff, A a 1 1 j e 

Johannes de Lamon- 

tagne, Sara P e r - 

Jan Goelet, Jannetje 

Pieter Van der Biirg, 

Engeltje Hendriks. 
Isaac de Riemer, Jn", 

Antje Woertman. 
James Mekkentes, 

Sara de Lamontanje. 
Ahasueriis Elsworth, 

Maria Van Gelder. 
Jan Cannon, Maria 

Jacob Waters, Grietje 

Van Cost. 
Willem Van de Water, 

Aefje Ringe. 
Andries Barkeyt, 

Rachel Hoist. 
Lammert Van Dyk, 

Marretje Hooglant. 
Anthony Ham, Eliza- 
beth Myer. 
Jan Horn, Rachel 


Reynice. Pieter Qiiackenbos, Sara 


Rachel. Isaac de Peyster, J"", 

Helena Bayard. 

Johanna. J oh an n es Anthonidus, 
Barbara Anthonidus. 

Aaltje. Nicolaas Romeyn, Styntje 


Jozeph. Jesse d e Lamontanje, 

Gerretje de La m o n - 

Jacobus. Jacobus Goelet, S', Jan- 

netje Goelet, s: h: v. 

Rachel. Ykabod Biirned, Eliza- 

beth Reed. 

Elizabeth. Abraham Gouverneur, 
Elizabeth Coerte. 

Willem. Alxander Phenix, Jan- 

netje Botler. 

Abraham. Abraham Van Gelder, 
Ariaantje Elsworth. 

Abraham. Jacobus Goelet, b"', Jan- 
netje Goelet, s: h: v. 

Maria. Symon Krigier, Antje 

Krigier, s: h: v'. 

Hendrik. Theunis Tiebout, Sara 

Margrietje. Barent Barkeyt, Mar- 
grietje v. den Berg. 

Johannes. Jacobus Ranoudet, Belitje 

Elizabeth. Samuel Lancellett, Lea 

Jacob. Corneliis Webbers, Saartje 


164 Records of the Reformed Du/ch Church in New York. [Oct., 



Maertii, Roberd Kok, Idie Roberd. 
Gerret Keteltas, Cath- Abraham, 
arine Van Dyk. 
15. Thomas de Pue, Catharina. 
Cornelia Lendel. 

Jacob Somerendyk, Theijnis. 

Sara Hermans. 
Johannes Myer, Sara Andries. 

de Foreest. 

18. William Furbosh. Joseph. 

Maria Raiding. Abraham. 

22. Barent de Foreest, Catlyntje. 
Catlyntje Cerly. 

John Man, Elizabeth Elizabeth. 
Van Deiirsen. 

29. H e n d r i k Ciiyler, Rachel. 

Maria Jacobs. 
Glevier Teller, Cor- Cornelia. 

nelia de Peyster. 
Jacob QUackenbosch, Reynier. 

Annatje Broiiwers. 
Francis Silvester, Ytje Susanna. 


Charles Sleaigh, An- Johanna, 
natje Van Vorst. 

30. William Haywood, Elizabeth. 

Elizabeth Spencer. 
April 5. Henderikus Baele, Jacob. 

Anthony Tivani, Barent. 

Maria Hibon. 
Abraham Van Dyk, Elizabeth. 

Elizabeth Huyke. 
II. Harmanus Bensen, Harmanus. 

Aaltje Bickers. 

Burger S i p k e n s , Biirger. 
Maria Hibon. 
15. Pieter Rutan, Geer- Rachel, 
triiv Van der 


John Percel, Maria Per- 
John Cruger, Maria Cuy- 

Hendrik Ryke, Willem 

Thiel, Margrietje Bres- 

T h e li n i s Somerendyk, 

Antje Somerendyk, s.h.v. 
Rip Van Dam, Elizabeth 

de Foreest. 
James Welsh. 
"Elizabeth Welsh, s. h. v. 
Abraham Palding. 
Catharina Palding, s : 

S lis ten 
Wessel Van N o r d e n , 

Jaquemyntje Van Nor- 

den, s. h. v. 
Jan Herres, Maria Man. 

Abraham Ciiyler, Cath- 
arina Ciiyler, s. h. v. 
D°™ Giialtheurs Dii Bois, 

Cornelia Schdyler. 
Sybrant Broiiwer, Diev- 

ertje Woertendyk. 
Johannes Hardenbroek, 

Anneke Hardenbroek, 

s. h. V. 
Pieter Brestede, Margreta 

GerrctVan derPoel, Deb- 

ora Van der Poel. 
Jacob Baele, Jannetje 

Annetje Waldrom, h. v. 

Van Josef Waldrom. 
Jan Hibon, Rachel Se- 

Oyem C a r t e y , Geesje 

Cartey, s. h. v"". 
Egbert Van Borsum, 

Elizabeth Van Borsum, 

s. h. V. 
Pieter Hibon, Elizabeth 

Johannes Van der Hoef, 

Catharina Nagel Wedu- 

we. Van Johannes 



1887.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in NtW York. i5c 

A" 1719. 

April 26. 











July 12. 

Abraham Leffers, Dirk. 

Sara Hooglant. 
Cornelias Van Hoorn, Philip. 

Jn', Elizabeth 


Johannes Slingerlant, Claas. 

Lidia Romeyn. 
Albarliis Hoist, Aeltje Marytje. 

Joost Van Seysen, Cornelus. 

Antje Hiiysman. 
Samiiel Bayard, Mar- Margareta. 

gareta v. Cortlant. 
B a 1 1 h a z ar de Hart, Willeni. 

Margrietje Maiirits. 

Pieter Van R a u s t , Rachel. 

Sara Kierstede. 
Philip Schuyler, Samuel. 

Anna Elizabeth 

Petrus Kip, Immetje Abraham. 

Van Dyk. 
Coenraat Tenyk, Sara. 
• Sara Van Vorst. 

Pieter Ament, Eliza- Eldert. 

beth Van T i e n - 

Jan Kramer, En- Johannes. 

geltje Van Griinne. 
R o b b e r d Crook, John. 

Catharina Richard. 

Jan Langedyk, Antje Pieter. 

Thomas Cousyn. Marytje. 

Antje Brouwer. 
H e n d r i k M y e r , Johannes. 

Wyntje Rhee. 
Thomas Windover, Johannes. 

Elizabeth Elsworth. 

Allard Anthony, Nicolaas. 
Anna Laiivier. 


Willem Carr, 

Elsje Elizabeth, 


Jacobus Leffers, Anna 

Jan Van Hoorn, Filip 


Catharina Van Hoorn, 

huys V. Van Jan Van 

John Staff, Aeltje Staff, 

s. h. v'. 
Anthony Riitgers, Marytje 

Cornelus Van Seysen, 

TryntjeVan Seysen, s.h. v. 
Steven Bayard, Judith 

Jacobus Veenvos, Mar- 
grietje de Hart hv. , 

Van Mathys de Hart. 
Jacobus Kierstede, Sara 

Kierstede, s. h. v. 
Johannes Schuyler, 

Tryntje Staats Jonge 
Johannes Van der Heiil, 

Elizabeth de Mill. 
Johannes Van Vorst, 

Antje Van Vorst, 

s. li. y. 
Symon Krigier, Tryntje 

Van Tienhoven. 

Johannes Burger, Marj'tje 

John Crook Senior, 

Marica Richard h. v. 

Van Ste. Richard. 
Johannes Graaf, Catharina 

Anthony Caar. I Jan Van 
Antje Caar. jHoomjJ". 
Adolph Myer, Catharina 

Pieter Brestede, Antje 


H e n d r i k Anthon\>, 
Marytje, h. v. Van 
Barent Cornelusse. 

Anthony de Mill, Jan- 
netje Willes. 

1 56 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Niw York. [Oct. 

A° I719. OUDERS. 

Samuel Pell, Mar- 
grietje Wessels. 

15. Johannes Elsworlh, 

Jannetje Lengley. 
Corn el us Van Seysen, 

INIaria Blyenbiirg. 
19. Charles Le Roux, 

Catharina B e e k - 

22. Arie Koning, Rachel 

29. Reynier Burger, Dina 

Van Gelder. 

Anthony de Mill, 

Marytje Provoost. 
Gerrardiis Beekman, 
Anna Maria Van 
Aug : 2. Jan IMatlow, Eliza- 
beth Blom. 
5. William Bradford, 
Jn"', Sytje Sandtford. 

Abraham Wendall, 

Catharina de Kay. 
12. Charles Philips, 

Maria ten Broek. 
Philip Schuyler, 

Jun"^, Sara Folle- 


16. Carste Biirger, Sara 


Hendrik Peers, Tan- 
nek e Bocke. 
19. Jan Smith, Dina 

Aug : 23. Johannes Van Nor- 
d e n , Hendrickje 
Richard Gtitteredge, 
Margrietje Van der 
Tymothy T i 1 1 e y , 
Elizabeth Burger. 

30. Harmaniis Rutgers, 
Catharina Myer. 


Willem. Willem Pell, Tryntje 

Clement. Clement Elsworth, Anna 

Maria Brestede. 
Corneliis. Corneliis Van Seysen, 

Sen"', Geertruy Pell. 
Gerrardiis. Gerrardiis Beekman, Jn", 
Maria Beekman. 

Arie. Pieter Brestede, Elizabeth 

Margrietje. Harmaniis Van Gelder. 

Teiintje Van Gelder, 

s. h. V. 
Marytje. Willem Carr, Elsje 

Gerrardiis. Gerret Van Hoorn, Elsje 

Van Hoorn, s. h. v. 

John. Willem Gower, Ester 

Maria. Corneliis S a n d t for d , 

Anna Maria Sand- 

Hendrikiis. Johannes de Kay, Helena 

de Kay, Jn". 
Thomas. Jan Ten Broek, Elsje 

Sara. Gerret Schuyler, Aelje de 

Groof, s. h, V. 

Annatje. Isaac Van Deiirse, An- 

natje Van D e u r s e , 

s. h. V. 
Willem. Jan Kierse, Tanneke Van 

Johannes. Johannes Kip, Maria Van 


Johannes, Coenraat Ten Eyk, Sara 
Van Vorst, s. h. v. 

IVIarytje. Fredrik Van der Schure, 

Marytje Van der 

Annatje. Gerret de Boog, Barent 

Cornelusse. Catharina 

Eva. Anthony Rutgers, Cath- 

arina Rutgers, S. 

I 1 887. J Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Ncw Fork. 167 

A° 1719. OUDERS, 

Sept : 2. Pieter Van der Lyn. 
G e r r e t j e Van der 

Johannes de Foreest, 
Catharina Raves- 
9. Jacobus Kierstede, 

Sara Narbery. 
13. Thomas IMontanje, 
Rebecka Bryen, 
H en d rik Fransen, 
Maria Sipkens. 
20. Aarnoiit Schermer- 
hoorn, Maria Beek- 

Jan .Hyer, Jannetje 

M a t h e u s Bell, 

Vrountje Cosyn, 
Theophilus Elsworth, 

Johanna Harden- 

23. Gerret Hyer, Sara 



DavidtCosaar, Styntje 

Isaac Kip, Jn'', Antje 
Van Noorstrant. 
Oct: 4. Wynant Van Zant, 
Catharina Ten Fyk. 

Abraham K on i n g, 
Susanna dii Foreest. 
Anthony Lieiiwis, 
Jannetje Mariniis. 
Gerret Van L a a r , 
Ahnatje Ten Eyk. 
II. A nd r ies Brestede, 
Debora Wessels. 
Jacobus Rosevelt, 
Catharina Harden- 
18. Jesaias Ogdin, Cath- 
arina Van der 
Johannes Beekman, 
Elizabeth Provoost. 
21. Jan Vos, Willemyntje 


















Jacobds Goelet, 

Maria hiiys Vroii Van 

HuybertVan den Berg. 
Hendrikus Kermer, 

Jaquem)>ntje Kermer, 

s. h. V. 
Johannes Narbery, Rachel 

Vincent M o n t a n j e , 

Apolony Eckeson. 
Burger Sipkens, Maria 

Jan Damboy, Theodorus 

Beekman, Jannetje 

Schermerhoorn, Fran- 

cyntje Abrahams. 
Fictoor Hyer, Jannetje 

Van Gelder, s. h. v. 
Abraham Balding, Maria 

Johannes Hardenbroek, 

Pieternella Elsworth. 

Johannes Hardenbroek, 

MarjHje Hyer, h. v. 

Van A rent Van Hoek. 
Adrian Bogert, Maria 

Montanje, s. h. v. 
Anthony Kip, Anna Van 

der Burg. 
Coenraat Ten Eyk, Sara 

Ten Eyk, s. h. v, 

Arie Koning, Rachel 
Koning, s. h. v"". 

Jacobi'is Moene, Catha- 
rina Hooglant. 

Johannes Ten Eyk, Cath- 
arina Van Laar. 

Hendrikus Brestede, 
Antje Brestede. 

Jan Rosevelt, Rachel 

Wynant Van Zant, Sara 

Gerrardus Beekman, 

Maria Narbiiry. 
Matheus de Bois, Debora 

Simkam, s. h. v. 

1 68 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Fork. [Oct., 



I719. OUDERS. 

25. Johannes Rail, Aeltje 
Hendrik Vonk, Cath- 

arina Hegemans. 
Philip Picket, Su- 
sanna Brajor. 

Pieter Van Coiiwen- 

hove, Wyntje 

Abraham de Lanoy, 

Jannetje Rome. 
N i c o 1 a a s Maihyse, 

Marytje Lakemans. 
S j oe r t Olphertse, 

Mar gri etje Ver 


Frediik Willemse. 
IMarytje Waldrom. 

John Parcel!, Eliza- 
beth Broiiwer. 

Gerret Wendell, Cor- 
nelia Blank. 



Annatje. Mangel Janse Ral, Antje 

Catharina. _^cobus Hegeman, Lii- 

cretia Hegeman, Wed^ 
Thomas. Thomas Smith, B a r - 

nardiis Smith, Sara 

Coenraat. Coenraat Ten Eyk, 

Grietje Brestede. 

Jan. Pieter Rome, Hester 

Rome, s. h. v'. 

Marytje. Abraham. Botler, Eliza- 
beth Bretoen. 

Olphert. Jan Rosevelt, Aeltje 




Dec : 2. Sj'mon Appel, Maria 
Barnardus Smith, 

Alxander K 1 e re q, 
F e m m e t j e Van 
6. Jacob Salomons, 
Elizabeth Dee. 
Johannes Meyer 
Pieter z., Elizabeth 
9. Eduard Man, Marytje 
Van Deiirse. 
Jacobus Moll, Lidia 
16. William Glover, Mar- 

grietje Blom. 
20. Johannes Bant, Wil- 

lemyntje Philips. 
25. Jan Van Pelt, Maria 
Edward Abeil, Anna 

( Isaac Deiirse. 
J Sara Waldrom. 
1 Jerret de Foreest. 
l^ Annatje Hyer. 
Jannetje. Adojph Broiiwer, Jannetje 
Geb. 2 I Oct. Brouwer. 
Johanna. Jacobus Pelkoren, Jo- 
hanna Pelkoren, op. 


Willem Appel, Maria 


Johannes INIyer, Eliza- 

" ■ ^ 

beth Smith, 

Anna Cath- 

Philippus Van Bossum, 


I\Iargrietje Van Bos- 

sum, s. h. V. 


Pieter Luykasse, Maria 



Pieter Myer, Geertriiy 

Van Seysen. 


■ Isaac Van Deurse, Eliza- 

beth Man. 


Jesse de Foreest, Geesje 


John INIatlow, Elizabeth 

Matlow, Maria Blom. 


Willem Bant, Catharina 



Samuel Johnson, Fran- 


cyntje Revelt. 
Timothy Tilley, Jannetje 

1887.] Records 0/ the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. i6q 

A^ 1 719. OUDERS. 


Dec: 25. Charles Cromlinc, 


Anaa Singlar. 

Jan B a s s i , Martye 



A° 1720, 

Jan : i. Steven Richard, 



Jan : 3. 







Maria Van Buro^h. 

Philip Lyon, Eliza- Margrietje. 

beth Van der 

Cornelus Meserol, Elizabeth. 

Jannetje Hooms. 
Alxander F e n i x , Gerrardus. 

Margrietje Com ford. 

Michiel Moor, Eliz- 
abeth Graw. 
Nicolaas Anthony, 
Rebecka Pieters. 

W i 1 1 em Rendell, 

Neeltje Van Dyk. 
Isaac Van Deiirse, 

Annatje Waldrom. 
Jacob K n i n g , 

Mayke Van Oort. 
Wessel Wessel z: 

Frans z : Marytje 

Ten Eyk. 
Jacobus Kwik, Sara 

Pieter Van Dyk, Cor- 
nelia Van Varik. 
Nathan Daly, Sara 

Thomas Nobel, Cath- 

arina Mariniis. 
Daniel L i e li w i s , 

Geesje Willemse. 
Jacob Van Deiirse, 

Helena Van Deiirse. 
Thomas Chiles, Elsje 

A n d r i e s Myer, 

Geertje Wessels. 
Dirk K^embrik, Maria 

Daniel Blom, Maria 















Gerrerdus Diiyking, Hen- 
rika Stoiitenburg. 

Abraham Montanje, An- 
ne ije Bass. 

Elie Richard, Advocaat, 

in Vrankryk, Paul i1 s 

Richard Catharina 

Barent de Boog, Salomon 

de Boog, Geesje Van 

der Schilre. 
J oris Hoom, Pricella 

Hans Kierstede, INIaria 

Van Vlecq. 

Johannes Graw, Catha- 
rina Graw, 
'Allard Anthony, Rebecka 

Jans Wed. Van Pieter 

Frans Van D}>k, Aeltje 

Van Dyk. 
Jacob Van Deurse, Maria 

Johannes Poel, Maria 

Boiit Wessels, Maria Was- 

sels, s. h. v^ 

Willem Roseboom, Bea- 
trix S buys vrow. 

Charles Leroiix, Sara Van 

Nicolaas Daly, Elizabeth 
Dayly, s. h. v^ 

Anthony Lieiiwis, Jan- 
netje Liewis, s. h. v^ 

Willem Elsworth, Maria 

Abraliam Van Deurse, 
Aeltje Van Deurse. 

Francis Chiles, Cornelia 

Ide Myer, Rachel Wes- 

J a e m e s Welsh, Maria 

Jacob Blom, Hester 


I yo Records of the First and Second Presbyterian Churches. [Oct. , 


(Continued from Vol. XVII., p. 278, of The Record.) 





Buckmaster. Sept. 
Harper, Sept. 




Daft. [Sic] Sept. 12' 









































Francis Squire, an Adult free Negro. 
Samuel, Son of Nathaniel Guion and Mary 

Dobson, his wife, born Nov'. 12*, 1784. 
Henry Youngs, Son of Thomas DeGrey and 

Abigail Mosier, his wife, born Dec', ii"', 

Rhoda, their Dau', born March 21^', 1777. 
Barbara, Dau' of James Buckmaster and 

Sarah Hill, his wife, born Feb^ 28*, 1777. 
Catharine, Dau' of Gideon Harper and Lu- 

cretia Murphy, his wife, born Aug* 24"", 

Thomas, Son of Thomas Taft and Mary 

Fowler, his wife, born Aug' 20*, 1785. 
Richard, Son of Jacob Table and Hannah 

Pettinger, his wife, born Ocf 20*, 1781. 
Helen, Dau' of John Brown and Mary Har- 
riot, his wife, born Aug' 29"", 1785. 
Joseph, their Son, born Sept' i^', 1785. 
Andrew, Son of Andrew Moody and Marg' 

Galloway, his wife, born Nov' i^', 1780. 
Mary, their Dau', born Feb'^ 28* 1782. 
Catherine, their Dau', born Aug' i^', 1784. 
Robert, Son of Daniel Murryand Sarah Cook, 

his wife, born Sept' i^', 1785. 
George Washington, Son of Samuel Scudder 

and Phoebe Downing, his wife, born Jan'^ 

30'', 1778. 
Phoebe, their Dau', born Aug' 3*^, 1785. 
Isaac Nichols, an Adult. 

Richard, Son of Richard Penny and Hannah 

Conner, his wife, born Aug' i^', 1777. 
Charles, their Son, born Sept' 11'^, 1779. 
Catharine Hannah, their Dau', born March 

31=', 1784. 
Mary Joanna, Dau' of John Fox and Mary 

Dunscomb, his wife, born Sept' 2^, 1785. 
W^illiam, Son of John Murphy and Isabella 

Brown, his wife, born July4'^ 1785. 
Thomas, Son of William^Arnold and Mary 

Sherwood, his wife, born Sept' ii"', 1785. 
Benjamin, Son of Peter Henricson and Marg' 

Steymets, his wife, born May 16"", 1784. 
Nicholas, their Son, born Aug' 2o'^ 1785. 

1887.] Records of the First and Second Presbyterian Churches. 


TiTLER. Oct. 

Baker. Oct. 

Clinton. Oct. 

























]\FKnight. Nov. 






Berry. Nov. 

Inglis. Nov. 

Turner. Nov. 


— Esther, Dau"" of George Ti tier and Mary Car- 

gill, his wife, born Sepf 22'', 1785. 
23''. Mary, Dau' of Gardner Baker and Mary 
Wrighton, his wife, born Sepf nf^, 178^. 
26'^ Maria, Dau"" of his Excellency George Clin- 
ton, Esq., Governor of New York State, 
and Cornelia Tappen, his wife, born Oct' 
6*, 1785. 
30"'. Mary, Dau' of William Beach and Phcebe 
Grummond, his wife, born May 30"", 1781. 
Sarah, their Dau', born Aug' 3'', 1782. 
William, their Son, bornSep'25*, 1785. 
Benjamin Valentine, Son of W™ Burrows 
and Eliz* Smith, his wife, born March 
10*, 1785. 
Maria, Dau' of Robert Gault and Eliz*^ Hal- 
let, his wife, born July 2'', 1785. 
Ann, Dau'of Neil M=Kinnon and Mary M<^- 

Caller, his wife, born Sept' 29"*, 1785. 

James, Son of John Gilliland and Catharine 

Zeegard, his wife, born Sept' 19"", 1785. 

Samuel, Son of John Dixon and !\Iary Wil- 
liams, his wife, born Oct' 5"^, 1771. 
7*. William, their Son, born Jan'^ 30*, 1774. 

— Mary, their Dau', born Oct' 7*, 1778. 

— George Washington, their Son, born June 

2^ 1785. 

10*. Juliana, Dau' of Charles M'^Knight and 
Mary Scot, his wife, born Sept' 22'', 1785. 
13"'. Michael DeGrey, an Adult. 

— Jane, Dau' of Richard Norris and Ann Wal- 

dron, his wife, born Oct' 8'\i785. 

I3'\ George, Son of Joseph Little and Lucretia 
Cameron, his wife, born Oct' 3'', 1785. 

I3'^ Catharine, Dau' of John Pierce and Eliz"* 
Barr, his wife, born Nov' 1 1'^ 1785. 

20*. Hephziba, Dau' of Jacob Smith and Susan- 
nah Noe,. his wife, born Oct' i9'\ 1785. 

20'''. Solomon, Son of William Gumming and 
Agnes Thompson, his wife, born Oct' I5'^ 

21''. Jane, Dau' of Donald M'^Millan and Mary 

M'Glaughten,hiswife,bornOci'T4* 1785- 
2 2"*. Hannah, Dau' of James Berry and Eliz"' 

Cole, his wife, born Nov'I7'^ 1785. 
22''. Ann Maria, Dau' of James Inglis and Mary 

January, his wife, born Oct' 24*N 1785- 
2 7'^ John Alexander, Son of John Turner and 

Christian Moncrieff, his wife, born Dec' 

15". 1779- , , 

2 7'\ Archibald, their Son, born Sept' 22^ 1781. 

— Maria, their Dau', born Sept'27'^ 1785. 

1^2 Records of the First and Second Presbyterian Churches. [Oct., 
























— John, Son of Peter Carruth and Isabel Gay, 
his wife, born Oct' 29* 1785. 
27'^ Samuel, Son of John Robinson and Herriot 
Merchant, his wife, born Oct" 6*'', 1783. 

27*. John, Son of Samuel Sprowl and Eliz"^ 

Dobb>. his wife, born Ocf 28* 1785. 
2 7'\ John, Son of James Sharp and Ann Lyon, 

his wife, born Oct' 2^, 1785. 
30*. Eliz"" Cornock, Dau' of Thomas Pierson and 
Mary Harrison, his wife, born July 12* 
4*. Sarah, Dau' of William Thurston and Abi- 
gail Becker, his wife, born Nov"" 2**, 1785. 
4'^ Samuel Talcott, Son of James Watson and 
Mary Talcott, his wife, born Oct' 3'', 
4*''. Elizabeth, Dau' of Thomas Garrick and Mary 
Sandots, his wife, born Nov' 8'^, 1785. 
James, Son of James Whitlock and Phoebe 

Green, his wife, born Sept' 24"", 1785. 
David, Son of John Johnson and Betty Ward, 

his wife, born June 26*, 1785. 
Sarah, Dau' of James Hunt and Mary Coch- 
ran, his wife, born Oct' 29*, 1785. 
Jane, Dau' of Benjamin North and Jane 

"Thrown, his wife, born May 24* 1776. 

John, Son of Andrew Aitken and Ann Lemon, 

his wife, born Nov' 30*^ 1785. 

25"^. Thomas, Son of William Ash and Mary 

Montanyie, his wife, born Nov' 27*'', 1785. 

25*. Elizabeth, Dau' of George Douglass and 

Marg' Corney, his wife, born Dec' 3'', 

28*. Elizabeth, Dau' of William Wright and 
Marg* Henry, his wife, born Oct' 18* 1785. 
Baptized in 1785 — males, 77 
females, 83 

In all — 160 






George, Son of George Clark and Ann Gra- 
ham, his wife, born Dec' 23'*, 1785. 

Elizabeth, Dau' of Thomas Edwards and 
Catharine Burns, his wife, born Dec' 1 1"*, 

Mary Brown, Dau' of Benjamin North and 
Jane Brown, his wife, born Oct' 19*'', 1773. 

Sarah, Dau' of Benjamin North and Sarah 
Lockwood, his wife, born Aug' 13* 1785. 

Hamilton, Jan. 

Cogswell, Jan. 

W/7/ of James Alexander. 





Hunter. Jan. 

M'-Intosh. Jan. 

M*^CuLLEN. Jan. 


8^ Elizabeth, Dau' of Andrew Hamilton and 

Catharine Finton, his wife, born Dec*" 23'', 

15^ Sarah Loyd, Dau' of James Cogswell and 

Abigail Loyd, his wife, born Tan'^ 6"' 

15*\ John, Son of Jacob Pettit and Mary Ostrom, 

his wife, born Ocf i8'\ 1782. 
r5'\ Andrew, their Son, born Nov' 30"*, 1785. 
— Jacob Bloom, Son of Moses Taylor and 

Elis"" Alstyne, his wife, born March i q'\ 

I5'^ William, their Son, born Dec' 24'\ 1785. 
24'\ Jane, Dau' of William Hunter and fane 

Cowen, his wife, born Dec' if)"', 1785. 
2 9'\ William, Son of Walter M-^Intosh and He- 

lenah Fnser,his wife, born Jan'^ 19* 1786. 
29*. Robert, Son of James M'^Cuilen and Mary 

Currie, his wife, born Jan'^ lo"', 1786. 


I, James Alexander of the City of New York being in health and o 
sound and disposing mind and memory and remembering my mortality 
do make my last Will and Testament as follows. I Do hereby give full 
Power and authority to my wife to Cirant bargain Sell and Convey or by 
her last Will and Testament to Devise in fee simple or otherwise all and 
every or any part of the Lands Tenements Hereditaments and Real Estate 
whereof 1 shall hereafter die Seized or intitled to in Law or Equity altho 
the same or any part thereof should be Purchased by me after the making 
hereof and the money arising by such sales of Lands and Real Estate and 
all the Personal Estate whereof I shall die Possessed to use and dispose of 
at her pleasure by Deed last Will or otherwise, having from long experi- 
ence full confidence in her Prudence But in case my wife shall happen to 
die without making a Last Will disposing of my said Estate, then I do 
order and direct that after the Decease of my wife my Estate both Real 
and Personal and all Profits therefrom arisen not disposed of by her in her 
life shall be Divided into so many Shares and parts as then shall be living 
of my Children and one part more two of which shares or parts I Give 
Devise and bequeath to my son William his Heirs and assigns and one 
other of which shares or parts I Give Devise and Bequeath to every one of 
my other Children their heirs and assigns respectively and if any of rnv 
children shall be Dead leaving Issue then I Devise to such Issue the part 
that such Child or Children would have had were they then living and 
to take it in such manner as if it had been vested in their parent. But in 
case my Wife should hereafter happen to marry, then upon her marriage I 
do hereby revoke determine and make void the Powers and Authorities 

lyA Will of James Ahxafider. [Oct., 

hereby before given her and in that case do hereby order and direct that 
some convenient time before her marriage she make a full and perfect in- 
ventory and account upon Oath ol all my said Real and Personal Estate 
and the Profits therefrom arisen which being done she shall with the best 
advise and assistance she can get Divide my Real Estate into two equal 
parts and my personal Estate also into two Equal parts and by Lots to be 
drawn by a Child in the presence of three or more Witnesses of Repute one 
part of my Real Estate shall be drawn for my wife and the other part for 
my children which part so drawn for my wife I do hereby give her full 
Power and authority to Sell Convey & Dispose of at her pleasure and 
of the money therefrom arising. And as to the part so drawn for my 
children I do hereby order and direct that my wife do immediately with 
the like advice and assistance Divide it into so many equal parts as there 
are childien then alive and one more and by Lotc two of those parts shall 
be drawn as aforesaid for and be to my son William his Heirs and Assigns 
and one other part or share shall be drawn for and be to each of my other 
Children their Heirs and assigns respectively, the issue of a Dead Child to 
be in place of their Parent as a Child alive and to take as hereinbefore 
mentioned And in like Manner one Part of my Personal Estate should be 
drawn for my wife and the other part children which Part of my Per- 
sonal Estate so drawn for my wife I do hereby Give her full Power and au- 
thority to Sell Convey and dispose of at her pleasure and of the money there- 
from arising And as to the part of my personal Estate so drawn for my Chil- 
dren I do order it to be Divided in like manner as is directed concerning their 
part of the real Estate to hold to them respectively their Executors admin- 
istrators and assigns, which Inventory and an account and affidavit made 
to the Truth thereof with a memorandum of the several Divisions made as 
aforesaid Signed by my Wife and the witnesses present at the said Divis- 
ions I do hereby order to be Recorded in the Secretary's Office before my 
wife does marry upon f:iilure whereof I do hereby Declare the several De- 
vises and Powers herein mentioned in favour of my wife to be void and 
my Bequests to my children upon her death without a Will then to take 
effect as if she were then dead. And whereas 1 was at the whole Charge 
& expense of obtaining a Grant or Patent under the Great Seal of New 
York dated the twelvth day of April one thousand seven hundred and 
Twenty-eight for three thousand acres of land in Evan's Patent adjoining 
Mullmder's Frere's and Bradleys Lands in the names of Andries Mar- 
shalk & John Spratt Trustees for me and did give my said Trustees Se- 
curity to indemnifie them from the Payment of the Quit Rents and all 
Damages thereby And whereas I took of my said Trustees Six conveyances 
as Escrolls each for about five hundred acres of the said land (as by the 
Map in fo 62 of my Book of York Deeds) whereof one was in the name 
of David Provost my son in law for Lot No. 2 adjoyning Mullinders which 
Conveyance was never Delivered to the said David Provost but since the 
making thereof it has ever been & now is in my hands and so I have 
right to Cancel and make void the same and (as a resulting trust) to direct 
my said Trustees and their Heirs to Convey the same Lott to such Person 
or persons and for such uses as I may think proper. AND WHEREAS 
the said David Provost lately Died at Carthegena without Issue by which 
my intention in his favour cannot take effect and therefore I have cancelled 
the said conveyance to him and do hereby declare it void and of no effect 
and by virtue of the Right and Power aforesaid do hereby Devise the said 

iSSj. ] Win of Tames Alexander. t-- 

Lot No. 2 Containing about Five hundred acres of Land to his Brothers 
and my Son in Law John Provost his Heirs and assigns and do direct mv 
said Trustees and their Heirs to make Conveyance thereof to him and his 
Heirs on Demand accordingly AND WHEREAS the said David Provost 
Died considerably in my Debt as by the Shop Books of Accounts may ap- 
pear And Whereas my said son in law John Provost has since taken ad- 
ministration of the Estate of his Brother and I am security for his due 
administration 1 do hereby Devise to the said John Provost whatever mav 
remam unpaid of the said Debt from David's Estace after my wife's and 
my Decease, So that my Wife nor my Executors shall make no claim nor 
Demand of him for the same nor upon his the said John Provost's Bond 
to account to my Wife for his proportion of the bad Debts of his father's 
Estate. And Whereas 1 took another Conveyance from the said Mar- 
schalk and Spratt as an EscroU for Lot No. 3 in the name of my son James 
who is since deceased I do therefore hereby (by virtue of the right and 
power aforesaid) Devise the said Lot No. 3 Containing about five hundred 
Acres to my Daughter Anne her heirs and assigns and do Direct my said 
Trustees and their Heirs to make Conveyance thereof to her and her heirs 
accordingly on demand AND WHEREAS by deeds in due form made I 
Conveyed to Patrick Greene to the use of my Children as follows part of 
the Lands called the oblong or equivalent Lands whereof the Map is in fo. 
152 of my Book of York Deeds viz : Lott No. 14 to the use of my son 
William his Heirs and assigns Lott No. 15 to the use of my Daughter 
E'izabeth her Heirs and assigns, Lott No. 42 the use of my Daughter 
Katherine her Heirs "and assigns and Lott No. 64 to the use of my Daugh- 
ter Anne her Heirs and assigns reserving Power as in the said Deeds is 
mentioned and as those Conveyances were sent to Mr. Green for their use 
and he is since gone to Scotland and they may not be found I do hereby 
Devise the said Lotts to my said Children respectively and their Heirs Ex- 
cept that I hereby Confirm the Conveyance to my Daughter Elizabeth in 
page 369 of my said Book of twenty-five acres part of Lott No. 14 at the 
northwest corner thereof as necessary to accommodate her Lott And Whereas 
each of my Children (except my Daughter Susanna) have by Conveyances 
(and Anne by this my will before) been Intitled to one thousand acres of 
Land now to make my Daughter Susannah equal to ihem in that respect 
I do hereby Devise to my Daughter Susannah and her heirs and assigns 
all that my Lott No. 44 in the Tract called the Second Nine Partners 
Tract in Dutchess County containing twelve hundred and thirty-five acres 
and eight tenth parts of an acre and also my one ninth part of Lott No. 
45, containing one hundred and thirty-seven acres the map of which Tract 
is in fo 439 of my said Book of York Deeds And in case it should hap- 
pen after my decease that the title to any of the Lands given to my children 
in particular as aforesaid by Deeds or by this Will should be Controverted 
in Law or Equity then if it be before Partition 1 order the whole Charge 
thereof to be paid out of my other Estate and in case of loss that the value 
whats lost be made good to that Child of n.y Estate before any Partition 
But if such controversie or loss happen after partition then each Child his 
or her Heirs Executors and administratuis shall advance and pay their 
proportions of all such charge and the value of such loss so that such 
chaige and loss may fall equally on all and for the more effectual per- 
formance of this 1 direct my Devisees upon a Division to give Bonds mu- 
tually for that purpose to prevent the charges of a suit in Chancery that 

176 ^^^^^^ of James Alexander. [Oct., 

otherwise might in that case hereon ensue and by the same bonds engage 
to do the like in case any Controversie or loss happen upon the Lands to 
be divided amonpst them as aforesaid AND it is my intent that what I shall 
in my life or my wife in her life give away to any of my children shall go 
in part of the share of my Estate Devised to such Child Provided I or my 
wife either take a receipt for the thing given or make a memorandum thereof 
hereon or annexed hereto. And Whereas on my Daughter Mary's marriage 
I gave her (besides the one thousand acres of land which she had before by 
conveyances) five hundred pounds paid to her husband and a handsom out- 
set it is my intent that each of my other daughters have five hundred pounds 
and an outset of the value of three hundred pounds and that my son Wil- 
liam have one thousand pounds out of my Estate before my daughter Maiy 
have any share thereof And it is my intent that my son William have the 
House outhouses garden and Stable where I now live in Broad Street wi;h 
every thing fixt to the freehold thereof and also all glasses Sconces Chests of 
Drawers Tables and Chairs to be accounted to him as two thousand pounds 
of my estate to be Divided amongst my Children in part of his two shares De- 
vised to him as aforesaid AND WHEREAS I do often make purchases and 
Sales of Lands and may make many Purchases of Lands and Real Estate 
after this my will which I intend shall be subject to this my will as well of 
the real estate I am now seized of But such it seems is the Law that it can- 
not pass by a Prior Will but will descend to my Eldest Son or Heirs at 
Law wherefore in oider that it may be enjoyed according to the intent of 
this my will as if such purchases had been made before it I do hereby or- 
der that my son or Heir or Heirs at Law shall at any time after my de- 
cease upon delivery to him or them of a true copy of this my will within 
a week after execute a sufficient and Legal Conveyance or conveyances 
in fee simple of all the Real Estate that shall happen to be Purchased by 
me after this my will or the last republication thereof to such Trustee as 
my wi e during her life or any of my devisees after her death requesting 
such Conveyance shall name in order that such Trustee shall immediately 
Convey the same to such Uses as by my will is directed concerning my 
Real Estate whereof 1 am now Seized AND in case my Son or Heir at 
Law (if of age) do delay the making such Conveyance for one full week 
the person so delaying shall have upon the Division of my Real Estate 
have Five hundred Pounds less than he or she woidd have been entitled 
to upon a Division by this my Will as aforesaid which Five hundred 
pounds is then to be divided amongst my other Devisees And in case my 
son or Heir or Heirs at Law shall continue obstinate for one month after 
the expiration of the said week in delaying to make such conveyance as 
aforesaid then I do order and direct that all the Real Estate Purchased 
after this my Will or the last Republication thereof be apprized by two 
men of credit upon oath such as my wife shall name during her life and 
in Case of her death such as the Devisee or Devisees requesting such con- 
veyance shall name and the person delaying to execute such conveyance 
as aforesaid for the said one month after the said week shall forfeit and 
loose double the apprized value aforesaid out of what would have been 
coming to him or her upon the Division of my Estate by this my Will 
which Double of the apprized value shall be Divided amongst my other 
Devisees in the Proportions before mentioned. Its not my intention to 
entail any part of my estate by the word Issue several times used in this 
my Will. I do hereby appoint my Wife sole Executrix of this my Will 

1887.] Will 0/ James Alexander. 


during her life and after her Decease I do appoint my children of age and 
when & as soon as they come to age to be executors and Executrixes 
thereof revoking hereby all former wills. I do give to the Use of a col- 
ledge for the Education of youth to be erected in the Province of New 
York the sum of One Hundred Pounds New York money to be paid 
within a year after my death and the death of my wife or the longest liver 
of us to such Corporation as may by that time be established for that pur- 
pose But if none be by that time e-tablished then to the Mayor aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York to be by them put to Interest 
and Delivered over with the Interest to such Corporation as may hereafter 
be established for the same purpose. I Do also Give for the same use all 
the wages due to me, as a Representative in the General Assembly for the 
City of New York and for which I have Sundry Tickets Signed by the 
Spealier which are to be Delivered with the said Hundred pounds in order 
for the raising thereof. I DDE GIVE to the use of a Colledge for the 
Education of youth to be erected in the Province of New Jersey the Sum 
of fifty pounds proclamation money over and above the sum of fifty 
pounds by me already subscribed for that purpose to be paid in a year 
after my Wifes and my Decta-e to such Person or Persons as shall have 
received or be intitled to receive my said fiftv pounds Subscription. I doe 
hereby Give to the said John Provost his Heirs and Assigns to accommodate 
his Thousand acres in Evan's Patent with a place for a Store House near 
the River side part of my Lott No. 27 at New burgh (the map is in page 
69 of my Book of York Deeds) within the Bounds following to wilt Be- 
ginning at the South East corner of the said Lot No. 27 and thence run- 
ing northerly fourty four feet in breadth along High Street and from 
thence to run back paiallel to the South line of the said Lott two hundred 
foot in length. Declaring that by the Devises aforesaid to my Children 
or any others by this Will I do no way intend to abridge or weaken the 
Powers and authorities hereinbefore Given to my Wife over all my estate 
whatsoever or to give anything thereby in possession during my Wifes 
Life or Widowhood or any thing in any case that she shall dispose of or 
Devse as aforesaid. IN WITNESS whereof to the Draught of this my 
will and to this fair Copy thereof I set my hand and Seal this thirteenth 
day of March One thousand seven hundred and forty five. 

(i.. s.) Ja : Alexander. 

Signed Sealed published and Declared to be the last will of the Testator 
in the Presence of the Witnesses Subscribing hereto in his Presence Date 
is thirteenth of IMarch. 

Arch'd Kennedy, Mary Kennedy, Evert Bancker. 

I JAMES ALEXANDER do Confirm my preceding last Will so far as 
it is not Declared to be altered or explained by these Presents whereas my 
Daughter Anne is dead since making that my Will by which the Devise 
therein to her of Lotts No. 3 & 64 therein mentioned is become void And 
I have upon my sons marriage Granted and Confirmed those two Lotts 
with other two like Lotts to my son in fee simple which with one thou- 
sand pounds I bound myself to pay at his marriage is all I intend to him 
before my estate comes to be Divided And Whereas on the marriage of 
my Daughter Elizabeth and Katherine I gave to each one thousand 
pounds and an outsett to each of the value of five hundred pounds where- 
on the said Elizabeth with consent of John Stevens her then intended 
Husband Conveyed to me the Lott No. 15 and all other Lands she was 


I »78 ^^^i^^ of James Alexander, [Oct., 

then seized of and Elisha Parker the then intended husband of my 
Daughter Katherine Covenanted that she when of age should Convey to 
me the Lott No. 42 and all other Lands She was Seized of before mar- 
riage so that the Devises in my will of said Lotts 15 & 42 are void and the 
Portions and Outsetts to them therein Devised are already paid & delivered 
as aforesaid, I do hereby revoke the Devise to my daughter Susannah 
of Lott 44 and part of 45 therein mentioned and instead thereof & of the 
Portion and Outsett before Devised her I do Devise to her one thousand 
pounds in money and an outsett of the value of five hundred pounds at 
her age of twenty one years or marriage before any other Division of my 
Estate to make her equal with her other Sisters and in the mean time to 
be maintained and educated at the charge of mv Estate as decently as her 
sisters have been. As to my Daughter Marys Outsett my Wife assures me 
she had made it up to be equal with her sisters and I esteem the thousand 
acres and five hundred pounds which she had at her marriage to be equal 
with the thousand pounds given my other daughters. \n case of charges 
concerning or loss of any part of the Lands I have Conveyed or that shall 
be Divided amongst my children as my son has a double share I mean 
that he shall bear a double Share of the loss and Charge and that the 
bonds by him to be given for that purpose be in double of the Penalty of 
my other Childrens Bonds. To preserve that Duty and respect which my 
Daughter Susannah owes to her mother I intend the powers given to my 
wile to extend to what I have Devised to my said Daughter so that my 
said Wife may lessen increase or altogether revoke and make void my said 
Devises to her at Pleasure IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and Seal the seventeenth day of February one thousand seven hun- 
dred and forty eight nine. 
Signed Sealed published and : 

Declared to be the last Will : Ja : Alexander (L. S. ) 

& Testament of the Testator : 
in presence of the Witnesses : 
Subscribing hereunto in his 

Arch'd Kennedy, John Lewis, : 
Ab"": Cool. : 

I the before named James Alexander do hereby Confirm and Repub- 
lish my preceding Will and do add this further codicil thereto viz : Foras- 
much as there is no Power after my wifes death in my will to any less 
than the whole of my children to make Sales of any Parts of my Real Es- 
tate which may turn much to their prejudice either by reason of the In- 
fancy of my Daughter Susannah or by reason of the Death of any of my 
Children leaving Issue under age or other disability to prevent which in- 
convenience I do hereby Give Power a'ter my Wifes Decease to the major 
part of my children until they have come to a Partition and to the major 
part of the Survivors of them bona fide to grant bargain sell and Convey 
in fee Simple or for any lesser Estate any part or parts of my Real Estate 
whats Devised to my son only Excepted (I mean my Dwelling House in 
New York Specifically Devised to him with the appurtenances) Provided 
that all the parties Grantors of the Deed do by an Indorsement upon it 
at the Execution thereof make Oath that the Deed is made bona fide for 
the consideration therein mentioned and no other and that no part of the 
Estate thereby granted is in Trust for or to the use of any of the Grantors 

1 887-] Will 0/ James Alexander. I ng 

which Deed and Oath are both to be Recorded together in the Secretarys 
Office of the Province where the thing Conveyed doth lye within a Month 
after the date of such deed otherwise the same Deed is hereby Declared 
Void as to such as do not joyn in it. My intent is that the majority of 
those Persons who shall be bona fide vested with the Estates of my Chil- 
dren either by Devise Conveyance or Descent shall along with my chil- 
dren until Partition have the same Powers of Sale (if they be of age) as 
before are Given to my Children under the like Condition and Proviso. 
I do not intend that Leases for three years or any lesser time shall be in- 
cluded within the Proviso aforesaid. I do also impower the major part 
of my Children and of those having their Estates of age by themselves or 
lawful attorneys to receive the Rents Issues and Profits of my Real Estate 
undivided They duly Setling at least once a year with those not joyning 
in the receipts as well as with those joyning and severally making Oath is 
required that their accounts respectively do contain an account of all that 
they have received for the Considerations of Lands Sold and for the Rents 
issues and Profits of the said Real Estate undivided and paying to such 
as by those accounts appear to have a ballance due to them the full of 
that ballance in which accounts shall be also set forth what sales have been 
made by vertue of the Powers in this Codicil to whom and for what Con- 
sideration and how the Consideration is secured and in whose Custody 
the Security is ALSO what Leases have been made of what, to whom for 
how long, and what rent and in whose Custody the Counterpart of the 
Lease is IN WITNESS whereof I have to this Codicil to my last Will set 
my hand and Seal this twenty ninth day of September one thousand 
seven hundred and forty nine. 

Ja : Alexander : (L. S. ) 
Signed Sealed published and Declared by the Testator to be a Codicil to 
his last Will and Testament in the presence of us these Witnesses Signing 
hereto in his presence and in the presence of each other. 

Ab"" Cool, Evert Bancker Jun'r, John Lewis. 

I have Resealed and Republished the preceding as my last Will and 
Testament this ninth day of February 1749/50. 
Witnesses as above. Ja : Alexander. (L. S.) 

John Lewis, Abl" Cool, Evert Bancker, Jun'r. 

I have Resealed and Republished the preceding as my last Will and 
Testament this twenty eight day of January 1750/ i. 
Witnesses signing in Presence of the 
John Lewis, Ab™ Cool, Cornel! Wynkoop. 

I have Resealed and Republished the preceding as my last Will and 
Testament this twenty first day of January one thousand seven hundred 
and fifty five. 

Witnesses signing in presence of 
the Testator 

CorneH : Wynkoop, Jacob Magens, 
Evert Bancker, Jun'r. 

Be it Remembered that on the third day of iNIay one thousand seven 
hundred and fifty six Before me Thomas Bartow Duly authorized to 
Prove Wills in New Jersey, personally came Evert Bancker Jun'r one of 
the Witnesses to the last Republication of the annexed last Will and Tes- 
tament of James Alexander Esquire Deceased and the said Evert being 

Ja : Alexander (L. S. ) 

Ja : Alexander (L. S.) 

l3o ^^'^^^ of James Alexander. [Oct., 

duly sworn upon the H0I3- Evangelists doth depose that he was present 
and saw the Said James Alexander, on or about the twenty first day of 
January 1755 ^'o'^ ^""-^ Reseal and heard him Republish and Declare the 
several Instruments of writing hereto annexed and preceding the said last 
Republication of and for his last Will and Testament and that at the doing 
thereof the said Testator was of sound mind and memory to the best 
of this Deponents knowledge and as he verily believes and that at the 
same time Cornelius Wynkoop and Jacob IMagens were present and 
signed as Witnesses as did he the Deponent also sign as a witness thereof 
in the Testators Presence. 

Tho: B-irtow. 
BE IT ALSO Remembered that on the same third day of May 1756 
Mary Alexander Sole Executrix during life in the said Will named per- 
sonally came before me and was qualifyed for the due Execution thereof 
by taking the Oath of an Executor as by Law appointed. 

Tho: Bartow. 
And on the 7. of Aug. 1756 Cornelius Wynkoop came before me and 
made Oath k deposed the same with respect to himself as Evert Bancker 
Jun'r above Deposed with respect to himself and that of Jacob IMagens &: 
Evert Bancker Jun'r were present & Signed together with the Deponent 
as Witnesses in the Testators presence. 

Tho: Bartow. 
JONATHAN BELCHER ESQ'R Captain General and Governor in 
Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of New Jersey and Territories 
thereon depending in America &c TO ALL to whom these Presents 
shall come or may Concern GREETING Know Ye that on the day 
of the date hereof before Thomas Bartow being thereunto delegated & ap- 
pointed the last Will and Testament of James Alexander late of the City 
of New York Esq'r deceased (a Copy whereof is hereunto annexed) was 
Proved and is approved and allowed of by me, the said Deceased having 
while he lived and at the time of his death Goods Chattels and Credits within 
this Province by means whereof the Proving the said Will and the granting 
administration of all and singular the said Goods Chattels and Credits 
and also the auditing allowing & finally discharging the account thereof 
doth belong unto me, and the administration of all and singular the 
Goods Chattels and credits of the said Deceased and any way concerning 
his will was granted unto Mary Alexander who during Life is Sole Execu- 
trix in the said Will named, being first duly sworn upon the holy Evan- 
gelists well and faithfully to administer the same and to make and exhibit 
a true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the said Goods Chattels 
and Credits and also to render a just and true account of her administra- 
tion when thereunto lawfully required. IN TESTIMONY whereof I 
have caused the Prerogative Seal of the Province of New Jersey to be here- 
unto affixed this third day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and fifty six. 

Tho: Bartow Reg'r. 


I, Henry C. Ke'sey, Register of the Prerogative Court of the State of 
New Jersey, do hereby certify, that the foregoing is a true copy of the last 
Will and Testament and Codicils thereto, of James Alexander, late of the 

iSSj. ] Noks and Querus. jgj 

City of New York, deceased, and of the Probate thereof as the same is 
taken from and compared with the original (Recorded in Liber "F" of 
Wills, page 340, &c.) now remaining of record in my office. 

Witness my hand and the Seal of the Preroga- 
[Seal] tive Court, at Trenton, this twentv-eighth dav of 

July, A. D. 1887. 

Henry C. Kelsey. 



The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society met on Friday 
evening, March 11, 1887. A letter from Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt inclosing a com- 
munication from Mr. Robert Moe, the President of the Grolier Club, in relation to 
the progress of the work of the Building Conimitiee, was read. The Rev. Beverley 
R. Betts delivered an address on " The Eigenbrodts of New York." The thanks of 
the Society were given to Mr. Betts and a copy of his paper was requested for publi- 
cation in the Record. 

At the meeting on Friday, March 25th, the Secretary read a communication from 
Mr. George C. Beekman, of Freehold, N. ]., suggesting the publication of some 
original Dutch letters, with translations, in the Record. On motion of Mr. de 
Lancey, the subject was referred to the Ciiairnian of the Publication Committee with 

The Society met on Friday, April Sth. After the usual business, the President 
reported that arrangements had been made to pay the charges on the Chester portraits, 
and to receive therefor a copy of the " London jNIarriage Licenses." 

A large number of members and invited guests attended on Friday evening, 
April 22d. On the proposal of Mr. Burhans, Mr. Edward Braman, of Hyde Park, 
N. Y., was elected a member of the Society. The Secretary announced the resigna- 
tion of Mr. W. L. Andrews. Mr. Everett P. Wheeler then read a very able and 
interesting address on " Sir William Pepperrell." On motion of Mr. Evans a vote 
of thanks was tendered to Mr. Wheeler, and a copy of his paper was requested for 
publication in the Record. 

At the meeting of May 13th, the Executive Committee reported the receipt of a 
letter from Mr. Cecil H.'Cutts Howard, offering to read before the Society a paper 
on "Gen. John Wolcott Phelps," which had been already read before the New Eng- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society. The letter was referred to the Executive Com- 
mittee with power. Mr. Hurry proposed Mr. Everett P. Wheeler, of New York, as 
a resident member. The nomination was referred to the Executive Committee. On 
motion it was unanimously ordered that the by-laws be suspended and that the Com- 
mittee report on Mr. Wheeler's name immediately. The Committee reported favor- 
ably, and Mr. Wheeler was accordingly elected. 

On Friday, May 27th, Mr. Cecil H. Cutts Howard, As.sistant Librarian of the 
Astor Library, read' before the Society a paper on "Gen. John Wolcott Phelps." On 
motion of Mr. Evans, the thanks of the Society were given to Mr. Howard. 

The meetings in June were devoted entirely to the subject of providing new 
accommodations for the Society, and the subject was finally referred to the Executive 
Committee to consider and report upon to the Trustees in the course of the summer. 

The baptism of Samuel, son of Reuken and Esther Oliver or Olivier, in the 
New Rochelle Church, October 19, 1757, is mentioned on page 284 of the Collec- 
tions of the Huguenot Society of America. The Oliver family records state that this 
Esther was the daughter of Peter Gallaudet— doubtless Dr. Pierre Elisee Gallaudet. 
some of whose children are given on page 156 of the same volume. This Reuben 
Oliver, family records show, was a brother of Joseph Oliver, both of whom located as 
early as 1764 in Kent and Sussex Counties, Delaware, at and near the town of Mil- 

1 32 Notes and Queries. [Oct., 

ford, which lies in both counties, and which town Joseph Oliver founded. Another 
brother. Dr. John Oliver, lived in New York City, or near there, and practised iiis 
profession. Joseph, born 1727, died 1807 ; Reuben died, 1775. Of their descend- 
ants few only are known. Of John's descendants nothinf^ is known. The writer 
desires information about the ancestry of the Olivers. Had they any connection 
with Charles Oliver, merchant in New York, i66g, and Sheriff, 1700? (Col. Rec. IV. 
592, etc.) As the name is written in the Church Records "Olivier," were they of 
Huguenot descent, and could they have come from Anthony Olivier, of Mass. (Baird 
II. 213), who had fifteen children ? Reuben's chihlren were, first Samuel, second 
Gallaudet, third Elisha, all born in New York ; fourth Mary, fifth Deborah, sixth 
Thomas, seventh Levi, born in Delaware. 


Wilkesbarre, Fa , Jmie 2, 1887. 

Mr. Dean Dudley of Wakefield, Mass., the author of " Dudley Genealogies," 
has in course of publication a " Historj' of the Dudley Family," to be completed in 
six parts of a hundred pages each. This will include not only full pedigrees and bio- 
graphical accounts of the descendants of Governor Thomas Dudley, the founder of 
the family in Massachusetts, but also the results of elaborate antiquarian and historical 
researches into the records of the English Dudleys. The work is liberally illustrated 
with engravings of arms, portraits and views of famous places. Two numbers have 
appeared and may be procured from the author, who solicits additions, corrections and 
subscriptions from any persons who may be interested in his subject. 

Mr. Charles Tubes of Osceola, Tioga Co., Pa., is compiling a genealogy of his 
family, which is descended from William I'ubbs, who settled in Plymouth Colony, 
Mass., in 1635. 

In reprinting The First Century of Columbia College, written in 1863 by 
William Alfred Jones, Esq., who was then Librarian, the Record has, for once, 
departed from its rule of printing nothing but original contributions. It has done so, 
partly on account of the great merit and interest of the paper itself, and partly to show 
the present generation what manner of men the College raised up in its younger days. 

Miss Jay, to whom the Record is already indebted for many valuable papers, has 
kindly contributed certified copies of the wills of James and Mary Alexander. The 
first is printed in the present number, and the second will follow in January. 

We regret that it has been found necessary to delay the publication of the prom- 
ised sketch and portrait of Mr. de Lancey until the January number. 

In answer to an inquiry about Egg Harbor, made in the October number ui 
the Record, I would state that three places are designated Egg Harbor, viz.: Great 
Egg Harbor, which means most of the coast of Atlantic County ; Little Egg Harbor, 
which is the sea-coast of Burlington County, and Egg Harbor City, a German settle- 
ment of recent origin. 

In Little Egg Harbor, the principal post-office is at Tuckerton. In Great Egg 
Harbor there are a number of villages and post-offices, and the county seat (Atlantic 
County) is at May's Landing ; but Atlantic is a modern county and its ancient records 
are in the old county from which, in 1837, it was set off, Gloucester, the county seat of 
which is Woodbury. But very many ancient deeds, wills, etc., relating to this and 
other counties are recorded in the Secretary of State's Office at Trenton. 

The probability is that John Riley settled in Great Egg Harbor, in the present 
County of Atlantic, but then in Gloucester County. 

In the Revolutionary War, among patriot soldiers were Jacob Riley, Third Battalion 
Gloucester militia, and Patrick Riley, also of Gloucester, 

In Little Egg Harbor, in Friends Meeting, 1795, Uriah Riley married Shada, 
daughter of Daniel Shourds, Sr., and had eight children, viz.: Mark, William, Joseph, 
John, Amy, Mary, Rebecca and Christiana. Mark Riley married Ann Taylor ; 
John married Mary Howell ; Joseph married Rhoda Musson ; Amy married Reuben 
Adams; Mary married David Watts ; Rebecca married William Twining ; and Chris- 
tiana married Daniel Flanagan. 

For the earliest mention of the name of Riley, the best place to apply is the office 
of the Secretary of State at Trenton. 


1887.] Obituary. jO- 


Joseph Chrisman Hutchison, M. D., LL. D., died at Brooklyn, N. Y., July 
17, 1887, He was the son of Dr. Nathaniel Hutchison, a native of County 
Armagh, Ireland, and Mary Chrisman, born in Fauquier County, Va., and was born 
at Old Franklin, Mo., February 22, 1827. Educated at the University of Missouri, 
he graduated (after a partial course in Jefferson Medical College, Phila.) in 1848^ 
from the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, and 
practised during a few years in his native State. In 1853 he removed to Brooklyn, 
N. Y., where he speedily won distinction in the cholera visitation of 1854. His 
previous experience with that scourge in the Southwest, in 1849-50, rendered him 
most available to take charge of the cholera hospital erected by the city, and he con- 
ducted it with singular success — dwelling in it from its opening to its close — isolated 
from all society except that of his patients and assistants. The medical record which 
he then made, and the moral exani]ile which he then presented, were a revelation of 
the professional and moral quali'ies of the man, which account for the respect and love 
in which he was ever held by his fellow citizens. His subsequent career was 
assured, and the record of his life is that of the history of medical science in Brook- 
lyn. He was a member of the Kings County Medical Society for many years and its 
president in 1864, having previously held its other offices and honors of significance ; 
a life member, until his resignation, of the State Medical Society, its president in 
186S and repeatedly chairman of its important committees ; a member of the New 
York Pathological Society and its president in 1S71 ; a Fellow of the New York 
Academy of Medicine, and its vice-president in 1869-71 inclusive; from i860 to 1S67, 
Professor of Operative and Clinical Surgery in the Long I>land College Hospital, and 
after twenty years' retirement from the institution, its president in the present year; from 
1854 I^o 1S56 inclusive, Lecturer on the Diseases of Women, in the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University of the City of New York ; from 1873 to 1875 inclusive, 
Health Officer of Brooklyn ; founder and surgeon in chief of the Brooklyn Ortho- 
pedic Infirmary; from 1857 to his death, surgeon of the Brooklyn City Hospital, and 
consulting surgeon of the Kings County, St. John's and St. Peter's hospitals. He was 
an honorary member of the Medical Association of Great Britain, and of the Medical 
Societies of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and New Jersey ; a corre- 
sponding member of the Boston Gynecological Society; a life member of the American 
Medical Asnociation and of the American Surgical Association, and was elected a 
delegate from the United States to the International Medical Congresses of 1867, 1S76 
and 1881. He was a foundation member and first vice-president of the Medical Asso- 
ciation of the State of New York. He was the senior member of the Board of Trustees 
of the Adelphi Academy; a trustee of the Long Island Historical Society; also a mem- 
ber of the Century Club of New York and the Hamilton Club of Brooklyn. In his 
profession Dr. Hutchison was alike eminent as a general practitioner, a surgeon and a 
consultant. His preference was surgery, in which for mingled courage, prudence, 
originality, quickness and efficiency he had no superior, but he resisted the tempta- 
tion, now so prevalent, to confine himself to the narrow boundaries of specialism in 
any field of medicine, and projected himself on all the lines of his profession. At his 
death he stood in the front rank of the few great men in his calling. His .Alma Ma- 
ter, the University of Missouri, in 1S80 conferred on him the degree of Doctor of 
Laws. His contributions to medical literature were numerous and generally took 
the form of reports or consideration of cases in his experience, observation or read- 
ing, whereof the discussion or description would increase the knowledge with which 
physicians and surgeons work for the good of men. His written style possessed 
chastity, conciseness, perspicuity of statement and strength and depth of thought. 
Though often urged to go out of the strictly professional limits of writing to which he 
restricted himself, he but once entered the field of general authorship. The result is 
seen in the Physiology which bears his name and which has become a text book in the 
schools of many States and cities. To its preparation he was moved by the necessity 
which existed for volumes at once thorough and simple in the elucidation of that sci- 

Dr. Hutchison married Susan H. (daughter of Rev. Dr. A. and IMartha Cowles) 
Benedict, of Farmington, Conn., who survives him, with two daughters. By the side of 
the two boys early lost were laid, in 1877, the remains of his son, N. Gerhard Hutchison, 

] 8^ Book Notices. [Oct., 1887. 

M. D., whose sudden loss, undei- circumstancts which made him both a hero and a 
martyr of duty, closed in its beginning a career of brilliant promise. That son's 
departure was soon followed by the decease of a beloved daughter in the flower of 

Dr. Hutchison's life was one of the most unremitting well-doing; and his end that 
of a sincere Christian. H. R. s. 


Diary of Thomas Robbins, D.D., 1796-1853. Printed for his nephew. Owned 
by the Connecticut Historical Society. In two volumes. Edited and annotated by In- 
crease N.Tarbox. Volume II. 1S26-1S54. Boston: Beacon Press, Thomas Todd, Print 
er, 1SS7. 8vo, 1131 pages. Steel plate portrait. 

The first volume of this work was noticed in the Record for Aptil. The present 
volume fully sustains the verdict which we then gave, as to its value as a treasury of 
"side-lights" upon the history of New England, its politics, religious progress, 
weather, etc. etc., during the first half of the present century. Mr. Tarbox may well 
be congratulated upon having developed by his careful annotations from the apparently 
very dry record of the ordinary minulia; of a country clergyman and bookworm a 
mass of most interesting material; a book which, like a dictionary, may not afford very 
much consecutive reading, but which is of inestimable value for frequent reference. A 
portrait of Rev, Ammi R. Robbins, father of Rev. Dr. Thomas, adorns the volume : 
but we cannot quite forgive the makers of these noble volumes that tliey have given 
us no portrait of the ".Old Librarian " himself, in the well-remembered old-style cos- 
tume which he always wore, and which rendered him so quaint and appropriate a 
figure, during his later years, as custodian of the libraiy and relics of the Athenaeum at 
Hartford. H. R. s. 

Notes of the Terry Families of the " United States of America," etc., 
by Stephen Terry, A. M., member of the Connecticut Historical Society. Hartford, 


These notes relate particularly to the Terrys mainly descended from Samuel Terry 
of Springfield, Mass., and from Stephen Terry, Windsor, Conn. They name Thomas 
Terry ot Freetown, Mass. We hail the a^jpearance of this New England account, 
embracing the many now in New York, or south and west of New York, but trust it 
is only the avant courrier oi a full account of the several families of Terry who made 
Long Island their early home and have been so active on many occasions since. 

c. B. M. 

Mr. Bernard Quaritch advertises two important Genealogical Works, the first 
publishing in parts at two guineas each, the second completed and sold for three 

Genealogies of the Principal Roman Catholic P'amilies of England. Based on a 
manuscript compiled by Sir Henry Lawson (then Mr. Henry Maire) now in the pos- 
session of Sir John Lawson of Plough Hall, Bart. With Additions, Proofs and Evi- 
dences. Edited by J. Jackson Howard, LL.D., F.S.A., and H. Farnham Burke, 
F.S.A. — Somerset Herald. 

London Marriage Licenses, 1521-1869. Transcribed by the late Col. Chester, 
D.C. L. Edited by Joseph Chester. 

Of the latter, Col. Chester says : " They throw a flood of light on the genealogies 
of the diocese of London, and especially of London itself. I regard them as one 
of my greatest genealogical treasures." The manuscript prepared by Sir Henry Law- 
son between 1792 and 1795 is printing privately for subscribers only, with additions, 
proofs and evidence, elaborating the descents not only anterior to their first dating 
by the compiler, and collaterally, but bringing them down to the present time. 


.Aalsteyn, 30 
Aartse, 29. 31, 82, 83 
Abbott. 40 
Abeil, 168 
Abern, 107 
Abingdon, 104 
Abrahall, 69 
Abrahams, 167 
Abramse, 115, 119 
Abratomy, 40 
Atelon, y,y 
Acklinne, 159 
Acler, 40 

Adams, 7, 8, 11, 40, 48, 
I 67, 158, 182 
Addams, 109, iii, 112, 

fldderson, 159 
Addison, no 
Adry. 108 
Aelsteyn, 163 
Acrs, 157 
■ itken, 172 
Albeck, 157 
Albini, 150, 151, 152 
Aldrick, 113 
Aldyn, 112 

Alexander, i, 24, 127, 
128, 146, 173, 177, 
178, 179 
Allanson. 71 
Alldridge, 73 
Allen, 37, 38, 40, 92, 93, 

109, 112, 154, 156 
Allett, 73 
AUford, 56 
Allison, 71 
Allston, 65 
Alstyne, 173 
Aroent, 30, 80, 168 
Amory, 24 
Amos, 104 
Anderson, 72, 82, 144, 

, 148, 15s 
Andrewes, 157 
Andrews, 181' 
Andriesen, 27 
Andriesse, 76, 117 
Andriesze, 50 
Andros, 50 
Androwe, 107 
Angell, 153 
Annable. 37 
Annes, 42 
Ansell, 71 
Ansley, 39 
Ansloe, 6g 
Anthon, 148 
Anthonidus, 76, 153 
Anthony, '75, 116, 165, 

Antoine, 158 
Ap Hughe, III 
Appel, 30, 80, 117, 168 
Appleton, 48, 90, 96 
Appleyeard, 156 
Archer, 70, 72 
Arden. 148 
Ardys, 112 

Arents, 29, 30, 75. 118 
Arianse, 115 
Armestrong, 73 
Armstrong, 143 


Arnold, 52, 59, 68, 69, 

153, 170 
Arthur, 64 
Arundell, 73 
Aser, 159 
Ash, 172 
Ashborne, 159 
Ashendon, 73 
Asheton, 108 
Ashlield, 162 
Ashwell, 72 
Ashmoore, 38 
Askwith. 108 
Aston, 157 
Atkens, 114 
Atkins, 70, 109 
Atkinson, 71, 72, 112 
Atkinsonne, 37 
Atwood, 154 
Auchmuty, 2, 146 
Audelie, 69 
Auke, 116 
Aun^ell, 73 
Austm, 40, no 
Avelen, 39 
Awdley, no 
Axtell, 108 
Axwell, 113 
Ayers, 45 
Aylmer, 152 

Bachley, 68 
Backester, 70 
Backett, 31 
Backhouse, 72 
Bacon, 73, 158 
Badger, 109 
Badjor, 76 
Baele, 164 — 
Baerk, 121 
Baetjer, 05 
Bafford, 70 
Bagley, 69, 153 
Bailey, 89, 138, 135 
Bailie, 69 
Baily, 52, 138 
Baird, 134 
Baker, 34, 37, 38, 40, 69, 

72, 107, 108, 112, 154, 

I57i 171 
Balduck. 155 
Bales, 113 
Baley, 77 - 
Ball, 71,158 
Ballard. 112 
Baly, 138 ^ 
Bambridge, no 
Bancker, 177, 178 
Banckes, 40, 158 
Bancroft, 103 
Banes, 69, 72 
Banister, 38 
Banker, 77 
Banks, 133 
Bant, 27, 82, 120, 168 
Banta, 45 
Bar. 171 
Barbar, 40 
Barber, 109 
Barbone, no 
Barclay, 24, 128 
Barcrofte, 70 
Bard, 146, 147 

112, 141, 

Barefoot, 63 
Bargeau, 29 
Barheyt, 117, 163 
Barker, 69, 108 
Barlow, 109 
Barnes, 73. tog, 157 
Barnewell, 152 
Barnum, 87 
Barrat, 71 
Barret, 34 
Barrett, log 

,, '43 

Barnck, 159 

Bars, 168 

Bartlett, 72 

Bartoll, 29 

Barton, go, 113, 154 

Bartow. 180 

Bas, 115 

Baseter. 42 

Bass, 12, 169 

Basse. 70 

Basselton, 157 

Basset, 120, 163 

Bassett, 112 

Bassnett, 39 

Batersbye, 72 

Bates, io8, 153 

Bateson, in 

Batlift, 29 

Batson, 158 

Battell, 95 

Battin, in 

Baude, 39 

Bayard, 2g, 75, 79, 90, 

119, 120, 135, 136, 

147, 163, 165 
Bayles, 38 
Bayley, 52, 155 
Baylie, 69, 155 
Bayly, 138, 159 
Beach, n, 94, 171 
Beachcott, 37, 158 
Beadle, 109, 154 
Beady, 154 
Beake, 113 
Beale, 6g, in, 158 
Bearde. 108 
Beardsley, 3 
BeaUchamp, 151 
Beaufort, 151 
Beaumont, 152 
Becke. 37 
Beckwell, 108 
Bedford, 160 
Bf dlak, 40 
Redlo, 29, 33 
Bedlow. 32, 33 
Bedwell, 69 
Beebe, 45, 46 
Beech, 72 
Beede, 39 
Beak, 27 
Beekman, 29, 31, 33, 

7g, 82, 114, 119, 120, 

— - - 166, 167, 




Beemount, 153 
Bel, 27, 115 
Belcher, gg, 180 
Belknap. 47 
Bell, 3g, 69, 71, 167 
Eellaney, 115 

Bcllingford, 72 
Bellingham, 155 
Bellson, 107 
Belney. 154 
Benedict. 183 
Benger, 156 
Benjamin, 160 

Bennet, 78, 118, 159 
Bennett. 113 

E"ensen, 33, 82, 83, 114, 
n6, 117, 119, 121, 
162, 164 
ensing, 26, 27, 29, 119 
enson, 2, 29, 81, io<s, 

Bentley. log 

Bently. 159 

Beresford, 161 

Berge. 76 

Bergen, 116 

Berk, 164 

Beiremy, 38 

Berrian, 2 

Berrie, 80 

Berry, 23, 130, 139, 171 

Bertie, 104 

Best, 73 

Setts, S3, 122, 123, 124, 
144, 148, iSi 

Beverhoudt, 139 

Bevier. 41 

Bibby, 92 

Bicker, 28. 120 

Bickers, 28, 33. 77, 114, 164 

Bickerstaff, 37 

Bickes, 26, 27 

Biddle, 161 

Bigod, 150, 151 

Bigs, 62 

Bill, 80, 114 

Billingsley. 157 

Bingham, 37 

Kingley, 1 12 

Binney. 67 

Birchall, 113 

Birche, 112 

Bird, 82, 157 
Bishop, 127 
Bishopp, 107 
Bishoppe, 112 
Bisshop. i5g 
Bitton, 37, 109 
Blackwell, 53 
Blagg, 119 
Blagge, 116 
Blake. 47, 48 
Blakwell. 83 
Blanc, 114 
Blank, 27, 33, 115, 120, 

121, 168 
Blassinden, 71 
Blatchford, 161 
Blaunch. 73 
Blaw, 75 
Bleecker, 25, 45 
Blekledge, 32 
Bleklidge, 117 
Blekwel, 31 
Blinckhome, 153 
Blom, 27, 28, 32, 33, 77, 
79, 80, Si, 115, 118, 
166, 168, 169 



Index of Names in Volume XVIII. 

Bloomer, 2 
Blowers, 159 
Bludder, iii, 112 
Blumby, 157 
Blundell, 107 
Blunt, 71, 112, 158, I 
Blyenburg, 166 
Bock, 166 
Bocke, 27, 119 
Becker, 172 
Bodet, 116 
Bodin, 157 
Bodley, 16 
Bcetenhove, 80 
Boele, 28, 31, 77, 78, 

81, 118, 121 
Bogardus, 32, 120 
Bogert, 27, 32, 33, ] 

Boke, 81, 82, 116 
Bolt, 115 
Bomsted, 131 
Bond, 109 
, Boogert, 77, 162 
Boole, 156 
Boone, q6 
Booth, 159 
Bootham, 109 
Boother, 40 
Boovey, 109 
Bordeaux, 139 
Bording, 29, 30 
Boreham, 36 
Boreman, 69 
Borres, 26, 121 
Borroughs, 153 
Borter, 168 
Borth, 27 
Boude, 109 
Boudinot, 92 
Bouiot, 118 
Bouiton, 68 
Boumans, 78 
Bourne, 37 
Bousfield. 2, 4 
Bos, 26, 27, 28, 77 
Bosch, 28, 29, 31, 

83. 116,118, 164 
Bossel, 79 
Bostock, 73 
Bosworth, 40 
Better, 163 
Liovell. 71 
Bowdine, n8 
Bowen, 154 
Bower, 39 
Bowers, 155 
Bowman, 158 
Bowne, 48 
Eowstred, 113 
Bowyer, 158, 159 
Boyd, 154 
Boyes, 73 
Boyle, 72 
Boy ton, 40 
Bradbury, 154 
Bradejor, 77 
Bradford, 58, 166 
Bradjor, 29, 33, 76, 

Bradley, 175 
Brajor, 168 
Brakel, 30 
Braman, 181 
Brand, 35 
Brandon, 156 
Brant, 154 
Bras, 30. 33, 75, 76, 

115, 118 
Brat, 26, 27, 32, 77, 
I^ratt, 121 
Brattle, 130 
Brattowe, 108 


Braunch. 159 
Braunche, 72 
Bray, 71 
Breasher, 92 
Breasted, 21 
Breckinridge, 160 
Bredley, no 
Bredstocke, 38 
Breech, 70 
Breisjant, 90 
Brentano, 21 
Bres, 29, 32 
Brestede, 27, 28, 30, 33, 

75, 78, 82, 115, 117, 

119, 163, 164, 165, 

166, 167, 168 
Brett, 112, 156 
Bretton, 154, 168 
Brett well, 70 
Brevoord, 26 
Brevoort, 26, 27, 32, 

80, 82, 117, iiQ, 162 
Brewenton, n, 162 
Brewster, 24, 139 
Briant. 95 
Bridgeland, -lo 
Bridges, 40, 69 
Briggins, 37 
Briggs, 144 
Brightwell, 70 
Brinck, 44 
Brinley, 57 
Brinton, 60 
Pristow, 154 
Brittingham, 70 
Brockall, 71 
Brockas. 155 
Brockwell, 71 
Broderick, 157 
Brodhead, 15, 49, 51, 52, 

54i 56, 58, 59. 91 
Bromadge, 112 
Broman, no 
Bronckar, 113 
Brondy, 157 
Brooke, 37, 39, 69 
Brookes, no 
Brooks, 63 
Brouwer, 28, ^2, 78, 115, 

V • 164, 165, 167, 168 

Brouwn, 82 

Brown, 45, 89, 126, 127, 

140, 170, 172 
tJrowne, 37, 38. 40. 70, 

71, no, in, 112, 113, 

156. 158, 159 
Browning, 150 
Bruce, 24 
Brunt, 70 
Brush, 123 
Bruyn, ^o 
Bryant, %4, 65, 93, 149, 

Bryen, 167 
Bryers, 70 

Bubb, 39, loS, 112, 155 
Buck, 72 
Buckingham, 73, 74, 75, 

Buckland, 156 
Buckley, 38, 44 
Buckmaster, 170 
Buckmister, 38 
Budworth, 36 
Bui herd, 158 
Bull, T43 
Bullocke, 108 
Bundey, 155 
Bunn, 107 
Burbey, 112 
Burd, no '-^ 
Burde, m 
Burger, 28, 32, 83, 115, 

116, 117, ng, 120, 
162, 163, 165, i65 

Burgh, 166 

Burgers, 32, 119 

Burges, 70, 112, 15s 

Burghe, 156 

Burhans, 12, 90, 181 

Burk, 118 

Burke, 2, 23, 45, 130, 
139, 146, 184 

Burkes. 113 

Burneby, 108 

Burned, 161 

Burnel, 39 

Burnet 15 

Burns, 172 

Burrhough. 157 

Burrows, 171 

Burtham. 112 

Burton, 143 

Burtt, 39 

Busby, 154 

Bush, 90 

Bushe, 112 

Bussey, 27, 70 

Bussing, 29, 32, 116, 118 

Bussy, 153 

Butler, 47, 48, 66, 73, 

Buttler, 37, 38 
Buyle, 27 
Buys, 115 
Byckford, 40 
Bynnyon, 38 
Byvank, 27, 76, 79, 82, 

Caar, 82, 115, 165 
Cade, III, 158 
Caer, 117 
Caerty, 162 
Caine, 143 
Call, 154 

Callcndar, 23, 84, 85, 86 
Callents, 10 
Calvart, 158 
Cambel, 109 
Cambridge, in 
Cameron, 171 
Cammel, 27 
Campbell, 48, 90, 143, 

Campion, 153, 159 
Cannon, 33, 77, n:, 143, 

Canon, 30 
Canterell, no 
Carbile, 162 
Carbrantse, 116 
Cr.rden, 109 
Carew. 72 
Cargill, 171 ' 
Caron, 39 
Carpenter, 108 
Carr, 165, 166 
Carruth. 172 
Carsells, 37 
Cartar, 153 
Carter, 39, 73, 154 
Carteret, 95 
Cartey, 164, 168 
Cary, 154 
Casswell, 73 
Castang 31, 115 
Ci^ter, III 
Caudrey, 80 
Cave, 109, 113 
Cerley, 77 
Cerly. 160 
Chalmers, 144 
Chamberlaine, 155 
Chamberlayne, m 


Chambers, 15, 38, 43, 

144. 156 
Chandler, 146, 155 
Channell, 70 
Channing, 65 
Chaplyke. 155 
Chapman, 113, 156 
Chapplehowe, 156 
Chase, in 
Chatham, n 
Chauncy, 104 
Chaundler, 40 
Chaworth, 155 
Checkley. 130 
Cheesham, 155 
Cheever, 151 
Cheklen, 133 
Chekling, 29 
Chemlcy, 113 
Cheney, 63 
Chesshire, 159 
Chester. 181, 184 
Chesterfield, 5 
Cheston, 156 
Chichester, 35, 113 
Chickley, 130 
Child, 108, 158, 169 
Childe, 70, 112 
Childcrloy, 71, 
Chiles, 120, 109 
Chimer, 42 
Cholmondely, 50 
Choppington, 37 
Christiaanse, 114 
Christie, 107 
Church, 70, 135, 158 
Churcher, 82 
Churchil, 168 
Churchman, 40 
Churchyard, 157 
Claase, 33 
Claggett, 8 
Clapham, 71 
Clare, 150 
Clarges, 68 
Claridge, 156 
Clark, 45,/t>9, 139, 140, 

1 72 
Clarke, 38, 72, 73, in, 
. 113. '53, 154, 15s 
Glason, 148 
Clayton, 154 
Clavell, 39 
Clawson, 143 
Claxson, 71, 73 
Cleark, 70 
Clearke, 6g 
Clearwater, 16 
Cleborne, 109 . » 
Clement, 158 
Clempson, 113 
Gierke, 73, 109, no 
Clerq, 119 
Clinton, g, 13, 24, loi, 

122, 147, 171 
C lough e, 72 
Cobbe, ni 
Cockdcll, 157 
Cocke, 109, m 
Cocker, 113 
Cockman, 72 
Cockram, 156 
Cockran, 172 
Cockrell, 155 
Coejemans, 121 
Coek, 131 
Coeper, Si 
Coerte. 162, 163 
Coesyn, 28 
Coeyemans, 76 
Coffin, 24, 03 
Cogley, 39 
Cogswell, 90, 173 

Index of Names in Volume XVI IT, 


Cjkever, 31, 115 
Colden, lo, II 
Cole, 42. 112, 171 
Coleby, 112 
Coleman, 107, 108 
Coles, 45 
Goleveet, 168 
Coljef, 162 
Coljers, 75 
^Coliard, 158 
Collett, 155 

Collins, 70, III, 113, 
■ 158 

Collinson, 109 
Colson. 158 

Colton, 156 — 

Columbus, 64 
Comberling, 82 
Comby, no 
Comfert, 79 
Comford, 81, 116, ifg 
Comfordt, 77 
Comin, 152 
Coming, 77 
Compfortt, 70 
Compton, III 
Concelje, 32 
Condict, 92 
Coney, 158 

Coning, 33, 77, 117, 169 
Conkling', 52 
Connel, 19 
Conner. 170 
Conniers, 155 
Conningham, 159 
Conninghem, iig 
Conoway, 113 
Conselje, 117 
Constable, 153 
Conway, iii 
Cook, 170 

Cooke, 36, 37, 72, 156 
Cool, 178, 179 
Cooley. 154 
Coombes, 40 
"Cooper, 37, 64, 70, 89, 

ii3i 139- 148. 158 
Copley. 10, 106 
Coppins, 154 
Corbet, 2 
Corbett, 37, 38 
Corke, 73 
Cornell, 139, 154 
Cornelus, 76 
Cornelusse, 114, 119, 

165, 166 
Cornew, 39 
Corney. 172 
Cornwallis, 96 
lornwell, 89 
Jortreght, 43, 44 
Zortregt, 42, 43 
Cortright, 44 
Cosaar, 33, 77, 81, 167 
Costard, 40 
Cosyn, 33, 82, 114, IIS, 

Cotton, 37 
Corye, 39 
Covisje, III 
Cousons, lit 
Cousyn, 165 
Coutang, 78 
Covert, 109 
Covey, 107 
Cowche, 73 
Cowen, 173 
Cowlyn, 71 

COK, 134, 159 

Coxe, 124 
Coxes, 6g 
Cdxs, 69, 113 
Crabbe, 161 

Cradocke, 108 
Crane, 88 
Cranffyeld, 72 
Cranwell,! 37 
Craven, 135 
Crayfford, 40 
Cregar, 96 
Creighton, 122 
Cressett. 156 
Cresswell, 158 
Crew, 22, 152 
Crewe, 22 

Crigier, 77, 117, 121, 163 
Crofte. 72 
Cromline, i6g 
Crook, 45, 165, 169 
Croper. 156 
Crosby, 87, 88, 89, 139 
Crosiell. 39 
Crosse, 69, 70, 135 
Crowch, 39 
Crowcher, 159 
Cruger, 119, 123, 146, 

Cruikshank, 67 
Cuddeback, 43 
Cullicke, 72 
Cumming, 77 
Cure. 18, 114 
Currie, 173 
Curtess, 113 
Curtesse, 107 
Cussen, 38 
Cutter, 143 
Cuyler, 118, 164 
Cuykendael, 43 

Dabber, 3S 

Dackombe, 72 

Dackum, 155 

Daft, 170 

Dagger, 156 

Dakins, 69 

Dale, 40, 69 

Daley, 33 

Dalrymple, 4 

Dalsen, 77 

Daly, 29, 81, 116, 121, 

138, 144, 162, 169 
Damboy, 167 
Dana, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 

Daniell, 113 
Daniels, 32 
Danvell, 39 
Da Ponte, 148 
D'Arcy, 151 
Darknall, log 
Dauson, 71 
Davenport, 44 
Davers, 68, 107 
Daveson, 37 
Davids, 79, 165 ♦ 
Davie, 32 . ' / 

Davies, 108, 113 \ 

Davis, 43, 156, 157, 159 
Davy, 69 
Davye, 113 
Davys, 71, 73 
Dawes, 37, 40 
Dawson, 71, 155 
Dawton, 112 
Day, 109 
Dayley, 138 
Dayly, 32, 138, 166 
Dean, 14 
Deane, 35, 113 
Dearham, 112 
De Bois, 167 
De Boog, 26, 78, 80, 166, 

De Boogen, 115 
I De Burgh, 151. 

Decker, 18, 44 
Dederick, 21 
De Duyster, 13 ~" 
Dee, 79, 168 
De Foreest, 116, 117, 
118, 119, 121, 161, 

164, 167, 168 

De Freeste. 28, 3-, 79, 
80, 83, 117, 118, 120 
De Gambod, 153 
De Graaf, 81, 118, 120 
De Graw, 80 
De Grey, 170, 171 
De Groof, 80, 115, 118, 

121. 166 
De Grooff, 33 

De Hart, 28, 31, 33, 78, 

115, 162, 165 
De Honeur, 29 
De Kay. 12, 79, 166 
De Key. 82 
Dekker, 17, 18, 42 
De Kleyn, 81, 162 
De Klyn, 28 
Delafield, 45, 46, 122, 

Delamater. 14 
Delamontagne, 31, 32, 

Delamontanje. 163 
De La Montanje, 29. 

33- 75. 163 
De La Montanye, 32 
De Lance. 75, 120 
De Lancey, 45, 90, 96, 

122, 124, 139, 140, 
141, 181 

De Lanoy. 30, 31, 79 
De Mill, 27, 30, 79, 116, 

165, 166 
Deming, 93 
De Myer, 114 
Dence, 108 
Denham, y) 
Denn. in 
Denniston, 15 
Densey, no 
De Peister, 77 

De Peyster, 29, 31, 77, 

82, 116, 120, 122, 

163, 164 
De Pu, 32 
De Pue, 18, 82, 164 
De Puw, 81, 120 
De Puy. 15 
De Riemer, 28, 31, 33, 

82, 120, 162, 163 
Desura, 153 
Detliick, 159 
Deurse. 168 
De Voe, 76, 82, 
De Voor, 31,33, 82, 116, 

De Voue, 31 
De Vour, 119 
De Vries, 120 
De Wendel. 114 
De Wilde, 114 
De Witt, 13, 21, 43, 91, 

92, 96 
De Wolf, 94 
Dey, 69 
Dickens. 67 
Dickenson, 155 
Dicker, 70 
Dickerson, 87 
Dickinson, 38, 113 
Dickmanton, 69 
Dickson, 154 
Dier, 156 
Digby, 94, 138 
Dighton, 39, 156 
Dingman, 43, 44 

Dinwood, 143 
Diodate, 94, 138 
Dirks, 119 
Disraeli, i 
Dissenton, 31 
Disting, 157 
Dix, 12, 70, 141 
Dixon, X71 
Dixson, 38, 71 
Doane, i, 141 
Dobbs, 172 

Dobson, 38, 69, 112, 170 
Lodson, 157 
Dodsworth, 68 
Doggett, 108, 145 
Dolman, 69 
Dominique, 128 
Dompster, 109 
Dongan, 49. 50, 51, 54, 
55i 565 57> :;8, 60, 62, 


Donnelson. 8i 
Doolittle, 90 
Dorkem, 30 
Dormer, 108 
Dorrell, 71 
Dorwin, 156 
Douglas, 84, III, 137 

Douglass, ^73 — " 

Douiton, 71 
Doun, 156 
Douw, 80, 81, 117 
Dover, 112 
Dow, 28. 30, 120 
Dowbleday, 157 
Dowgthy ,111 
Dowker, 156 
Dowlinge. 70 
Downes, 37, 72, 159 
Downing, 108, '70 
Downinge, in 
Dowton, 156 
Dowty, 71 
Drabbes. 71 
Drake, 148 
Draper, 144 
Draver, 38 
Dredge, 113 
Driese, 166 
Drisler, 148 
Duane, 146 
Du Bois. n, 14, 15, 16 
Du Carvoy, 113 
Duck, 38, 156, 158 
Ducke, 36 
Dudley, 63, 182 
Duer, 16, 46, 146, 148 
Duff, 37 
Duflfen, 154 
Dumper, 38 
Dun. 73 

Duncombe, 70, 157 
Dunne, 40 
Dunporch, 157 
Dunscomb. 170 
Dunscombe, 146 
Dunskom, 30 
Dunster, 127, 128 
Durell, 140 
Durrie, 143 
Duyckinck, 149, i6t 
Duyking, 31, 79, 114, 

Dwight, 14s 
Dy. 32. 117 
Dyer, 107 
Dykman, 29, 30, 77, S3, 

115, 118, 121 

Eare. 109 
Eares. 117 
Easom, 69 
Eason, no 


Index of Names in Volume XVIII. 

East, 36, 40, 154 
Eastburn, 148 
Eastham, 109 
Easton, go 
Eaton, 125, 126, 155 
Eckeson, 26, 28, 30, 75, 

120, 121, 167 
Edffevvorth, 161 
Edison, 141 
Edlin, 72 
Edlyn, 40 
Edmonds, 158 
Edmund, 153 
Edsall, 45, 109 
Edward, 71 
Edwardes, 107. no, 156 
Edwards, 62, 141, 172 
Egerton, 36 
Eigenbrodt, 122, 123, 

124, 125, 126, 181 
Ekkers, 31 
Elcock, 155 
Eldredge. 143 
Eldrid, 155 
Elemy, 71 
Eliot, 23, go, 153 
Elkin, 154 
Ellen, 78 
Ellenborough, 2 
Elles, 26, 33, 82, IIS, 162 
Ellis, 115, 144, 162 
Elmendorf, 16 
Elsewarth, 31, 77, 7g, 

80, 162 
Elseworth, 75, 83, m, 

114, 121 
Elsworth, 118, iig, 163, 

163, 166, 167, 169 
Elye, 107 
Elzewarth, 30 
Emerson, 23, 38, 141 
Emery, log, no 
Emmerich, 21 
Emmet, 125 
Emps, 153 
Emson, 38 
Endicott, 130 
Engham, 159 
English, 43 
Englisiie, 72, 73 
Ennis, 42, 44 
Envil, III 
Erbury, in 
Errets, 76 
Erryn, 155 
Erswell, 40 
Erwood, 71 
Estabrook, Sg 
Evans, 36, 38, 45, 73, 96, 

153, 175. 177,181 
Evarts, 67 
Evelinge, 71 
Evelyn, sg 
Everard. 108 
Everest, 40 
Everett, 67, 141 
Eves, 107 
Ewer, 113 

Evvouts, 29, 76, no, 163 
Ewoutse, 83 
Eyre, 39 

Fairfa.x, 23, 141 
Farbush, 29 
Farfex, 156 
Farmer, 70, 156 
Farr, n3 
Farragut, 140 
Farrant, 155 
Farrar, 155 
Farrier, 159 
Farwell, 72 

Faulkner, 71 
fawcen, 112 
Fawkes, 72 
Fawx, 107 
Fearne, no 
Feild, 153, 157 
Felles, :o8 
Fenix, 79, 154, 169 
Ferbrother, 156 
Ferrers, 151 
F"erris, in 
Fetherstone, 39 
Fevans, 113 
Feveryere, 112 
Fielding, 159 
Fieley, 31, 33 
Fifield, 63 
Filips, 27 
Filkins, 40, 76 
Fillmore, 141 
Finckley, 40 
Finlay, 122, 123 
Finton, 173 
Fish, 141 

Fisher, 70, 158, 161 
Fisk, 132 
Fiske, 48, 96, 141 
Fisscher, 116 
Fitch, 157 
Fithian, 140 
Fitz Alan, 151 
Fitz Geoffrey, 151 
Fitz Gerald, 152 
Fitz Piers, 152 
Fitz Robert, 150 
Fitz Roy, 35 
Fitz Walter, 150 
Flanagan, 182 
Flatter, 37 
Flebill, 36 
Fleete, 40 
Fleming, 5, 12 
Fleminge, 71, 107, 109. 
Flemming, 156 
Fletcher, 113, 135, 136, 

Flood, 157 
Floreday, 71 
Floyd, 61 
Flud, 69 
Fobes. 35 
Folard, no 
Folleman, 166 
Foordem, 37 
Forbes, 122 
Forbor, 79 
Forrest, 141 
Forfayt, 36 
Fortibus, 153 
Fosse, 158 
Fosset, !5g 
Foster, 70, log, 122, 156, 

Fotherby, 158 
Fowler, 170 
Fo.x, 90. 107, III, 170 
Frampton, 40, 72 
France, 32, 167 
Francis, 147, 148, 161 
Francklyn. 39 
Franklin, 141, 143, 146 
Franse, 30, 76, 80, 81, 

I. '4, 120, 163 
Fransen, 167 
Eraser, 173 
Fraui.ces, 107 
Frauncis, 113 
Freborne, 37 
Kredenberg, 20 
Fredenburg, 42 
Freeman, 72, no, 118 
Freer, 20 
Freeson, 71 

Freest, 77 
Frenley, 157 
French, 105 
Frene, 155 
Freneau, 160, 161 
Frere. 175 
Friday, 70 
Frost, 108 
Froude, 15S 
Fryer, 39, 112 
Fryman, 115 
Fuller, 13, 159 
Fulton, 141 
Fundall, no 
Funge, 70 
Furbosch, 29 
Furbush, 27, 164 
Fuzell, 153 
Fyeld. 72 
Fyelde, 107 
Fyelder, no 
Fynes, 34 
Fysher, 112 

Gaasbeck, 8g 
^age. s 
Game. 3 
Gallaudet, 181 
Gallimore, 154 
Galloway, 170 
Gansevoort, 15 
Gape, 1 13 
Garbrants, 114 
Garbrantse, 26 
Gard. 40 
Garden, 43 
Gardiner, 24, 155, 158 
Gardner. 70 
Garfield, 141 
Garnatt, 37 
Garrall, 108 
Garrett. 71 
Garrick, 172 
Gascoigne, 113 " 
Gascoyne, 159 
Gasson. 37 
Gaswaie, 153 
Gates, 5 
Gatlin, 113 
Gault, 171 
Gaunt. 34 
Gawen, 109 
Gay, 172 
Gaynes, 68 
Gee, 107 
Geldredge, 112 
Gene, 79 
Genet, 94 
Gent, 158 
George, in, 155 
German, 70 
Gerrard, 153 
Gerrets, 27 
Gerretse, 80 
Gey ton, 154 
Ghost. 39 
Gibbes, loS 
Gibbins, 73 
Gibbon, 73 
Gibbs, 159 
Gibson, 41, 45, 112, 

127, 158 
Gidloe, 40 
Gifford. 72 
Gilbert, 116 
Gilderson, 36, 154 
Gillam. 38 
Gillespie, 149 
Gilliland, 171 
Gillinge, 70 
Gilmore, 63 
Girrard, 113 
Glasscocke, 73 

Glassington, 73 
Gleig, 8 
Gloever, 79 
Gloster, 71 

Glover, 37. 45, 155, 168 
Glovoer, 133 
Godbe, 143 
Goddard, 153 
Godderd, in 
Goddin. 154 
Godly, 72 
Goederus, 33, 82, 118 

Goelet, 80, 81, 118,' 121, 

163, 167 
Goldsmith, 148 
Goldsworthy, 23 
Gollaar, 82 
Gonsales, 42 
Goodall, 36 
Goodcall, 40 
Goodfellowe, 153 
Goodhand, 69 
Goodharte, 112 
Goodin, 36 
Gooding, 168 
Goodman, 93, 157 
Goodwin, 93 
Googe, 157 
Gordon, 24 
Gore. 23, 130 
Goslinge, 40 
Gosnell, 154 
Gosse, 48 
Gough, 130 
Gould, 71 
Goulde, n2 
Gouldston, 1x3 
Gouldwell, 71, in 
Gouverneur, 29, 83, 114, 

121, 163 
Gouyan, 32 
Gouyen, 32 
Govver, 166 
Graaf, 32, Si, 165 
Grace, f8 
Gradell, 6g 
Graham, 54. 6r, 172 
Granger, 153 
Grant, 66, 96, 141 
Grauer, 37 
Graunger, 38 
Graunt, 40 
Gravel, 159 
Graves, 40 
Graw. 169 
Gray, 69, 156, 161 
Graye, 3g 
Grayesby, 68 
Graynes, 72 
Greeley, 141 -- 
Green, 83- -'' 
Greene, 37, 107, 108, log, 

112, 131, '"132, 153, 

134, 13s. 141, 153, 

172, 175 
Greencbancke. 159 
Greenbanke, 159 
Greenleaf, 63 
Greenshield, 69 
Greenstreet, 36, 68, 153 
Greenstreete, 107 
Gregory, 40, m, 154, 

Greveraat, 31, 116 

Griffis, 36 

Griffin, 39, 46, 7;, 72, 

112. 148, 157, isg 
Griffith, 153, 156, i5g 
Grigson, 40 
Grinnley, 38 
Griswold, 12, 94, 138, 


Index of Names in Volume XVIII. 

I 89 

Groen, 33 
Gross, 148 
Grove, 156 
Groves, no 
Grow, 143 
Growly, 109 
Groye, 109 
Grumel, 29 
Grummond, 171 
Grymes, 70, 113 
Greernan. 154 ^^ 

Guarinoni, 153 
Guderedge, 78 
Guillirn. 95 
Guion. 170 
GuUhame, 112 
Gumaer, 18 
Gumersell, 73 
Gutteredge, 166 
Guy, 70, 154 
Gwillin, 109 
Gyfford, 6g 
Gyles, 37 

Haal, 163 
Hackett, 39, 70 
Hackley, 122, 159 
Haddevvay, 107 
Haddocke, 108 
Hag^e. 31 
Haight, 124, 125 
Hailes, 84 
Hain, 26 
Haines, 93, 96 
Hakes, 96 
Hal. 159 
Haldron, 78 
Hales. 107, 159 
rialfeknighte, 157 
Hall, 5, 45. 69,71.91, 93. 

no, III, 143, 153, 

Halleck, 64, 148, 149 
Hallet, 171 
Hallett, 154 
Hallywell, 40 
Ham, 78, 163 
Hambleton, 144 
Hamend, 118 
^vHamilton, 2, 8, 11, 146, 

147, 173 
Hamlet, 156 
Hamlette, 39 
Hammond, 54, 144 
Hamon, 70 
Hamond, in 
Hancock, 23 
Hancocke, no 
Hancoke, 112 
Hand, 53, 62 
Hands, 159 
Hanlet, 7 
Hannam, 159 
Hannay, 48 
Hanning, 68 
Harrold, 158 ' 
Hansard, 69 
Hanse, ni 
Hanson, 155 
Harberding, 26, 27 
Harcott, 71 
Harden, 150 
Hardenbroeck, 28, 77, 

78, 79, 81, 82, 115. 

164, 167 
Hardie, 156 
Harding, 113 
Hardington, 70 
Hardy, 143 
Hare, 156 
Harewell, 153 
Harfflett, 113 
Hargrave, 39 

Harison, 147 
Harling, 157 
Harloe, 30 
Harman, 108 
Harmor, in 
Harper, 170 
Harrington, 72, 159 
Harriot, 170 
Harris, 10. 39, 91, 148, 

155. 161 
Harrison, 39, 143, 159, 

Harrocke, 108 
Harrold, 69 
Harrys, 153, 154 
Harryson, 71 
Harrysone, 69 
Harsmg, 119 
Harsnap, 72 
Hart, 27 
Harte, 113 
Hartenberg^, 76 
Hartfordshire, 69 
Hartley, 144 
Hartman, 81 
Hartopp, 38 
Harvey, 157 
Harwood, 37 
Hasall, 70 
Hasbrouck, 15 
Hasleden, 158 
Hassall, 70, 109 
Hassing, 28, 29, 32, 83, 

115. 163 
Harsterley, 71 
Hastings, 113, 159 
Hatfield. 94 
Havergill, 37 
Haward, 38 
Hawes, 148 
Hawkins, 39, 158 ,' 
Hawks, 124 
Hawse, 68 
Hawton, 40, 108 
Hawy, 37 
Hay, 156 
Hayes, 157 
Hayle. 69 
Hayles, 112 
Hayman. 27 
Hayne. 132 
Haynes, 71, 109 
Haywood, 164 
Hazard, 53 
Hazzard, 156 
Headley, 145 
Heard, 22 
Heath, 73, 155 
Heaton, 157 
Hector, 157 
Hedgges, 107 
Heermans, 75, 78, 117 
Hegeman, 76, 81 
Hegemans, 26, 108. 168 
Heighmaid, 69 
Heine, 39 
Helling, 32, 75 
Helm, 42 
Hembrowe, 159 
Hemmen, 28, 78 
Henderson, 158 
Hendricks, 163 
Hendriks, 76, xi8, 121 
Hendrj'.x, 33 
Henman, 153 
Hennag:e, 154 
Hennejou, 77, 81 
Henri, 122 
Henricson, 170 
Henry, 94, in, 172 
Hepburn, 87, 137 
Hergest, 109 
Herley, 81 

Herman, 164 
Herres, 81, 114, 121, 164 
Herringe, 70 
Herris, 91 
Hertenberg, 115 
Heverland, iig 
Heyle, 71 
Heylock, 159 
Heryndell, 68 
Heynes, 158 
Hey ward, 38, no 
Hibon, 28, 30, 79, 80, 81, 

83, 117, 118, 119, 121, 

Hickes. no 
Hickford, 81 
Higgens, 38 
Higgins. 40, no 
Hildesley, 72 
Hill. 38, 108, 113, T53, 

159. 170 
Hilliard, I56 
Hillyar, 39 
Hilton, 113 
Hinchcliff, 8 
Hirst, 99 
Hitchcock, 71 
Hitchins. 37 
Hitchmson, 159 
Hitchkock, 157 
Hitchman, 71 
Hoar, 23 
Hobart, 9, 10, 12, 52, 

59, 60, 63, 147 
Hobbes, 72, in 
Hobson, 73, 159 
Hodson, no 
Hoe. 39, 181 
Hoffman, 147, 149 
Holcomb, 90 
Holcombe, 46 
Holden, 157 
Holford, 113 
Holgate, 61 
Hollan. 70 

Holland, 109, 151, 158 
Hollingeshead, 38 
Hollington. 37 
Hollowell. 108 
Holman, 155 
Holmed, 157 
Holmeden, 69 
Holmes, 68, 69, 71. 113 
Hoest. 80, 163, 165 
Holt, 159 
Hombech, 43 
Home, 112 
Hone, 37, 43 
Hooglant, 26. 27, 76, 

77, 79. 82, 114, 120, 

163, 165, 167 
Hooker, 73, 74, 75, 126 
Hoombeck, 15, 18 
Hooms. 80, 162, 169 
Hoones, 80 
Hooper, 143 
Hoopere, no 
Hopkins, 69, 70, 72, 88, 

no, 131 
Hoppe, 26, 80, 116 
Hopper. 115 
Horn. 29, 163 
Home, 157 
Horneyhould, 153 
Horsey, 158 
Hosack, 147 
Hotten, 47 
Houghe, III 
Houlden, 72, 113 
Houlder, 72 
Houston, 137 
Houvver, 27 
Houwerd, 116 

Hover, 44 

Howard, loS, 130, 139, 

181, 184 
Howarding, 120 
Howe, 9, 141 
Howel, 156 
Howell, 48, 61, 69, 139, 

142, 182 
Howke. 44 
Hubard. 72 
Hubbard, 154 
Hubberd, 70 
Hudson, 107, 157 
Hughes, 38, 69, 70, 72, 

Hull, no 
Hulle, 38 
Hulmes, 157 
Humphry. 108 
Hunt. 54. 68. 73, 157,172 
Hunte, 71 
Hunter, 143. 173 
Huntingfield. 150 
Huntington, 10 
Hurd, 149 
Hurry. 90 
Hurst. 15S 
Hutchingson. 112 
Hutchins, 70, 72 
Hutchinson, 23, 70. 159 
Hutchison, 183, 184 
Hutton, 108. no 
Huyke. 82. 164 
Huysman, 81, 165, 169 
Hyde, 51, 109 
Hyer, 27, 28, 30, 77, 79, 

80, n6, 121, 167, 168 
Hyne, 72 

Inglebearde, 109 
Inglis, 2, 146, 171 
Ingraham, 37, 39, 40, 69 
Irving, 64, 149 
Iton. 155 
Ittery, 73 

Jackson, 54, 140, 156 
Jacob, 37, 40 
Jacobs, 26, 33, 132, 164 
Jacobse, 30, 80 
Jacobz, 26. 81, 114 
Jacobzc, 169 
Jacson, 158 
James. 30, 40, 109, no. 

Jannson, 137 
Jans. 27, 29. 79, 163, 168 
Janse, 30, 76, 77 
Jansen, 29, 141 
January, 171 
Jarrett, 112 
Jarvis, 12 
Jay, 2, II, 16, 24, 25, 89, 

122, 139, 146, 147. 

Jeadts, 29, 7S, 116 
Jebb, 2 

Jedesse, 76, 119 
Jefferson, 161 
Jelflfe, 109 
Jenkins, in, 112 
Jcnningcs, 39, 72, 109 
Jennings. 38,' 143 
Jeoffrj'es, 39 
Jewett, 63 
Jezarditt, 39 
Jillesse, 27 
Joanes, 154 
John, 70 
Johnson, n, 27, 39 40, 

48, 69, 70, 71, 72 94, 

107, 108, no, 122, 

138, 141, 147, 148 


150, 151, 152, 154, 
i57i 158, 172 

Joliet, 46 

Jonasson, 143 

Jones, 69, 70, 71, 72, 107, 
108, 119, HI, 112, 
14s, 146, 147, 15s, 
156, 159, 169, 182 

Jooste, 27, 81 

Jordan, 159 

Joris, 81, 167 

Joslin, 159 

Jouffroyd, Echavannes, 

Joulles, 40 

Kannon, 31 
Katt, 116 
Kean, 2 
Keats, 67 
Keelty, 158 
Keene, 69 
Keig-hley, 37 
Kellogg, 45 
Kelsey, i8i 
Kembrik, 169 
Kemp. 148 
Kemwricke, 113 
Kendrik, 32 
Kennedy, 177, 178 
Kenniddy, 157 
Kenningame, 155 
Kent, 146, 148 
Kerbyl, 32 
Kerflyl. 114 
Kerlag, 32 
Kermer, 78, 80, 167 
Kersbyl, 77 
Kertton. 63 
Keteltas, 28, 76, ii8, 

Kette, 40 
Kettle, 43 
Kettleby, 37 
Key, 154 
Kej-es, 108 
Keyser, 32, 1^5 if(j 
Kierse, 121 ,162, 166 
Kierstede, 26, 31, 32, 33, 

75. 76, 77. 79. 118, 

121, 165, 167, 169 
Kifflin, 159 
Killie, 116 
Killigrey, 155 
Kimball, 143 
Kinder, 157 
Kindersley, 40 
King, 45, 46, 122, 139, 

147, 148, 154, 156, 

Kinge, 36, 37, 45, 113 
Kingsbury, 143, 157 
Kinne, 79 
Kinsey, iii 
Kip, 28, 29, 31, 76, 78, 

79, 80, 82, 116, 117, 

147, 162, 165, 166, 

Kirke, 96 
Kirkham, 88 
Kirkman, 143 
Kirkpatrick, 17 90 
Kirton, 39 
Kirtten, m 
Kittel, 42 
Kittle, 44 
Kleck, 28 
Klercq, 168 
Klopper, 31, 32, 116 
Knevett, 70 
Knibloe, 87 
Kniffin, 88 
Kniffington, 72 

Index of Names iji Volume XVIII. 

Knight. 70, 112 
Knox, 8, 92 
Koek, 32, 117 
Koerte, 28 
Koejemans, 121 
Koeyemans, 114 
Kok, 164 
Koker, 82 
Koning, 27, 83, j 

167, 169 
Kool, 32, 42, 77, 80, 81 
Kortreght, 13, 42 
Kouenhove, 30 
Kouenhoven, 139 
Kramer, 165 
Krankheyt, 31 
Krigier, 29, 31, 32, 78 
Krom, 42 
Kuyckendall, 42 
Kuyler, 21, 26 
Kuyper, 117 
Kuypers, 77 
Kwik, 26, 27, 28, 29, 79 

114, 117, 119, 169 

Labeend, 112 
Lachman, 154 
Lacy, 70, 150, 151 
La Fayette, 11, 91, 92 
Laffy. 113 
Laight, 147 
Laing, 85 
Laiton, 36 
Lake, 123, 155 
Lakemans, 118, 168 
Lamarre, 154 
Lambe, 40, 112 
Lamberson, 123 
Lambert, 39 
Lamontagne, 8i 
Lamontanje, 28 
Lancellett, 163 
Lander, 158 
Landman, 155 
Lane, 43, 157, 158 
Langdon, 145 
Lange, 76 
Langedyk, 81, 165 
Langendyk, 19 
Langley, 39, no 
Langthon, 73 
Laning, 76, 118, 121 
Laningh, 82 
Lanoy, 168 
Lanvallie, 150, 151 
Larchin, 73 
Larence, 33 
Larkin, 107 
Laryman, in 
La Salle, 91 
Lasay, 76 
Latham, 61, iii 
Lathen, 76 
Lathrop, 23 
Latrobe, 90 
Latting, 45 
Laughton, 109 
Laurance, 153 
Laurence, 120 
Lauvier, :6s 
Lavalle, oi 
Lavarock, 155 
Lavile, 70 
Law. 2, 31 
Lawrence, 4. 21, 54, 66, 

67, 108, 131, 143, 147, 

Lawson, 184 
Layche, no 
Lea, 72 
Leach, 94 
Leader, 68 
Leake, 156, 157 

:66, \ 

Leanerd, 81 
Le Breathway, 92 
Lecester, 109 
Lecount, 22 
Ledavoys, 113 
Ledbctter, i6i 
Leddel, 32 
Ledyard, 57 
Lee, 5, 26, 37, 70, 71 

83, 94, 108, no, 

15s. 163 
Leech, 15=; 
Leechpoole, 107 
Leeds, 157 
Leetch, m 
Leffers, 77, 165 
Lefferts. 26, 28 
Legg, 37 
Legran, 77 
Legrice, 108 
Leigh, 95, 154, 157 
Leighe, 40, no 
Leisler. 55, 61 
Le Kount, 76 
Leman, 72 
Lendel, 164 
Lengley, 118, 166 
Lennard. 34 
Leonard, 34, 35 
Lepper, 29 
Lequier, 115 
Le Roux, 33, 82, 


Leucndge, 39 

Leuctnor, 156 

Lewes, 70 

Lewis, 153, 176, 178 

Lewknar, no 

Leyslaar, 163 

Leyslar, 76 

Lidford, 15.1. 

Lidgold, 158 

Lierse, 77 

Lieuwis, 33, 115, 167, 

Lieverse, 32 
Liewis, 37, 78, i':9 
Lightwood, 40 
Lilienschoeld, 91 
Limkam, 167 
Lince, 81 
Linche, in 
Lincoln, 140 
Lincnlne, in, 158 
Lindsay, 63 
Line 158 
Linkens, 167 
Linne. 157 
Lippenar, 28 
Lister, 156 
Little, 143, 171 
Liverd, 155 
Liveston, 31 
Livingston, 2, 6, 7, 8, 

n, 22, 23, 83, 84, 85, 

86, 87, 95, 120, 137, 

144, 146, 147. 
Lloyd, 72, 73 
Lloyde, 38 
Lock, 69 
Lockton, 156 
Lockwood, 172 
Long, 70 
Lord, 38, 94, 138 
Lott. 91, 92 
Loueden, 154 
Louw, IS, 76, 119 
Louwrence, 120 
Love, 159 
Low, iS, 19, 43, 81 
Lowder, 39 
Lowell, 5, 67 
Lower, 25 


Loyd, 173 

Lucas, 71, 107, 108, 155 
Ludlam, 69 
Ludlow, 147 
Luquer, 25 
Lutcr, 112 
Lutterell, 113 
Luttrell, 152 
Luykape, 168 
Lymer, 154 
Lynde, 94, 138 
Lyndsay, 85 
Lynn, 94 
Lynnett, 112 
Lynse, 121 

Lyon, 78, 112, 169, T72 
Lywer, 159 

Maas, 33, 120 
Machin, 36 
Macklin, 13 
Macmillan, 48 
Maddox, 39 
Maden, 118 
Madex, 77 
Madison, 8, 9, 12, 160, 

Magens, 179 
Makinney, 115 
Malbone, 107 
Mallet, 150 
Malleville, 91, 92, 93 
Man, 29, 30, 6g, :i6, 117, 

120, 164, 168 
Mandeviel, 26, 82 
Mandeville, 50 
Mann, loq 
Manninge, no, 112 
Manley, 112 
Mansbridge, 153 
Mansel. 158 
Mansfeeld 119 
Mansfield, 164 
Man ton, 109 
Mapes, 52 
Marberrye, 107 
Marbury, log 
Marchall, 156 
Marchett, 112 
Margets, 143 
Marinus, 78, 167, 169 
Marion, 96 
Marius, 82 
Markham, 8, 39 
Marlet, no 
Marlion, 71 
Marple, 71 
Marschalk, 27, 118, 121, 

Marseille, 47 
Marseilles, 47 
Marshal, 79 
Marshall, 31, 70, 150 
Marshe, 113 
Marson, 39 
Martens, 116 
Martin, 69, 70, 72 ""^^ 
Marton, 69, no 
Martyn, 153, 157 
Marvin, 94, 113, 138 
Mason, 40, 70, 113, 147, 

Masters. 156 
Math, 29 
Mathas. 109 
Mathews, 40 
Mathyse, 77, 79, 168 
Mathysen, 119 
Matlow, 166, 168 
Matt, 120 
Mattyson, 143 
Matysse, 26 
Maulden, 109 


Index of Names in Volume XVI IT. 


Maurice, 159 
Mauritz, 165 
Mawgerridge, 107 
Mawley, 156 
Maxwell, 153 
Maxy, 71 
Maye, 113 
Mayerna. 157 
Maylin, 72, 112 
McCalla. 171 
McClellan, 50, 14 

I, 142, 

McCurdy, 94, 138 
McDermott, 89 
McDowell, 93 
McGloughton, 171 
McGregory, 51 
Mcintosh, 173 
McKinnon, 171 
McKnight, 160, 171 
McMillen, 171 
McVickar, 146, 148 
Meakins, 108 
Mears, 143 
Meathen, 28. 

Medcalf. 154 

Meinerts, 21 

Meinille. 152 

Mekkentes, 163 

Melley, is3 

Mellows, 89 

Men, 33, 79, 114 

Menaunt, 72 

Menthom, 29 

Mentom, 29 

Merchant, 172 

Mercie, 76 

Merritt. 38 

Merrycke, 71 

Mershal, 83 

Mersjear, iiS 

Meserol, 169 

Mesier, 26, 30, 78, 83 

Methloo, IIS 
Mettex, 115 
Mev\'ce, 108 
Meyer, 26, 29, 30 

114, 168 
Mezay. 156 
Michael, 107, 128 
Michael!. 40 
Michell, 69, 72, 109, no. 

Montgomery, 5 
Monthegon, 150 
Montifichet, 150 
Montrass, 76, 121 
Moody, 104, 107 
Moor, 30, 169 
Moore, 3, 8, 9, 10, 12, 
35, 45, 47, 49, 5°, 52, 
53, 73, 9°, i°7, 147, 

Moorecraft, 39 

Morclough, 39 

Morecland, 39 

Moreton, 158 

Morgain, 157 

Morgaine, 15s 

Morgan, 70, 71, m, 133 

Morkcndge, 71 
Morley, 72 
Morrill, 155 
Morris, 2, 23. 54, 143, 

Nessepat, 114 
Neuett, 153 
Nevil, 157 
Nevill, 39 
Newarke, in 
Newberry, no, in 
Newell, 156 
Ncwkerk, 15, 16 
Newland, 37 
Newman, 158 
Newnam, 107 
Newporte, 109 
Newson, 107 
Nicholas, 40, 108, 157 
Nicholls, 70, 72, 108, III 
Nichols, 130. 170 
Nicholson, 37 


Michielles, 119 
Michiels, 76 
Middag, 44 
Middleton, 155, 156 
Midleton, 71 
Mildeman, 118 
Miller, 26, 29, 81, 107 
Milles, 153 
Millet, 69 
Millne, 72 
Miserol, 80, 120 
Mist. 39 

Mitchell, 61, 94, 138 
Mitchill, 148 
Moalle, in 
Moeder, 166 
Moene. 28, 119, 163, 167 
Mol, 32, 79, 115 
Moll, 32, 168 
Moley, 166 

Moncrieff, 171, , .- 

-Ii'. liiliOUTfiTsi 
Monroe, 161 
Montagne 117 
Montangie, 32, 78 
Montanje, z6, 27,28,75, 
78, 82, :i4. 116, 118, 
120. 167, 169 
Montanyie, 172 

Morryce. 109, 
Mcrtier, 33 
Morton, 122 
Mosier, 170 
Moss, 8 
Mosse, 116 
Motley, 67, 113, 140 
Mott, 147 
Mottershed, 172 
Moty, 156 
Mounger, 72 
Mourits, 31 
Mowbray, 150, 151 
Mowse, 39 
Moyle. 143, 159 
Moysse, 109 
Muggins, 153 
Muhlenberg, 123, 124 
Mulbury, in 
Mulford, 52 
MuUins, 72 
Mulshewe, 155 

Munday, 70 

Munke, in 

Munnor, 156 , 

Murfie, 163 

Murphy, 170 

Murray, 108, 113, i; 

Murry, 170 

Musser, 143 

Mussey, 16: 

Musson, 182 

Myer, 30, 76, 
114. 115, 



Myles, no 
Myllard, 108 
Mylier, 71, 108, 109 
Mylles, 38, 109 
Myllet 109, 112 
Myllycent, 70 
Mynter, 37 
Mytth, 158 
Nagel, 77, 81 

Naisbett, 14^ 
Napoleon, 146 
Narbery, 167 
Narbury, 79, 118, 167 
Nash, 159 
Natt: 3/ 1 
Nazareth, 3:lp, 7° 
Neale, 154 
Nearpass, 4i\ 
Nedue, 154 
Needes. 37 
Needham. lolB 
Nelson, 155 

Nicoll, 51, 53, 54, 55 

57- 59, 61 
Nicolls, 49, 62, 91 
Niewkerk, 30, 117, 119 

Ninne, 38 
Noake. 109 
Nobel. 78, 82 
Noble, 39, 169, 171 
Noe. 171 
Noell, 69 
Nokes, 109 
Noone, 153 
Norgate, in 
Norris, 171 
North, 39. 172 
Nortton. 71 
Nottingham, 14, 15 
Nutley, III 
Nyce, 44 

Oakes, in 
Oakley, in 
Obline, 118 
O'Callahan, 56 
Ockdon, 79 
O'Conor, 67 
I Ogden.2, 94, 138, 147,167 
' Ogdin. 167 
Ogilvie, 2, 10 
Ogleby, no 
Ogry, 156 
Oldheld, 159 
Oliver, 158, 181, 182 
Olivier, 181, 182 
Olliffe, 72, IS3 
Olney, 156 
Olpherts, 114, 117 
Olphertse, 26, 168 
Olphertze, 29 
Onderdonk, 54, 123, 124, 

147, 149 
Onkelbag, 28, 30, 79, 

Opdyke, 90, 91 
Ormston, 127, 128 
Osbaston, 157 y-" 
Osborn, 147, 149/ 
-Osborne, 45 -_^ 
Osbourne, 68 
Osgood, 9 
Osterhoudt, 18, 19 
Ostrander. 14 
Ostrora, 173 
I Otley, 43 

Ottaway, 158 
1 Oulde, 112 
Oustc, 37 
Overton, 69 
Owen, 38, 40, 153 
Oxbrough, 158 
Oxciibndge, 156 
Oxenton, no 

Packe, 73 

Packer, 38 

Paddon, 153 

Page, 155, 158 

Painter. 157 

xPalding. 27, 29, n 

Palin, 154 

Palmer, 35, 39,53,55,59, 

Pamerton, 80 
Palmetier, 26 

Par, I '^9 

Parcel, 168 
Parcell, 32 -^ 
Parke, 40, no 
Parker, 69, 71, 72, 107 

"3, 153 
1 Parkes, 39 
Parkman, 141 

Nickerson, 88 1 rarKman, 141 

;, 56, ' Parmelee, 94, 138 

Parr tc? 

Parr. 152 

parry, 156 

Parttridge, 38 

Parsons, 36 

Parvis. 113 

Pary. 30 

Pascal!, 159 

Pattison, 156 

Paulding, 64 

Paury, 158 

Pawle, no 

Pawling, 13 

Payne. 37. 71, 108 

Peare, 38 

Pearson, 38, 108 

Pecke, ni 

Peek. 27, 77, 83, 162, 

Peers, 33, 82, 162, 166 
, Peeters, 37, 113, 158 
Pegg, 156 

Peirce. no, 112, 155 
Pel, 30, 78, 115, 117, 121, 

Pelkoren. 168 
Pell, 166, 168 
Pellam, 69 
Pelletreau, 87 
Pellson, 37 
Pels, 30 77, 80, 163 
Pemberton, 70 
Pemble, 153 
Pembroke, 143 
Per at, 159 
Penfold, 112 ^■^ 
Penny, 170 
Penrose, 143 
Pepperrell, 97, 98, gg, 
100, loi, 102, 103, 
104, 105, 106, 139, 
Pepys, 50 
Pcrcel, 164 — 
Percell, 163 — . 
Percy, 150 
Perdue, 37 
Perkins, 156 
Perry. 144 
Persen, 19, 20 
Persons. 15s 
Peryn, 168 

PctO, III 

Petoe, 156 
Pettinger, 170 
Pettit. 173 - 
Phelps, 181 
Phenix, 163 
Phesan, 113 
Philips, 26, 77, 81, 
121, 157, 158, 166 
Philipse, 68, 87 
Phillipes, 72 
Phillips, 40, 140, 153 
Phips, 155 




Index of Karnes in Volume XV III. 

Pickeringe, 73 
Picket, 168 
Pierce, 72, 171 
Pierson, 61, 122 
Pieters, 30, 78, 169 
Pieterse. 27, 30, 32, 76, 

79, 80, 116, I20 
Pigge, log 
Pilston, III 
Pinckney, 67, 161 
Pipper. no 
Pitcher, 73, ni 
Pitkin, 94, 138 
Pittman, in 
Plantagenet, 34, 151 
Plat, 159 
Play, 33 
Playford, 71 
Plumpton. 156 
Plunket, 151, 152 
Poel, 30, 169 
Poelinitz. 8 
Poes, 159 
Pole, 159 
Poll, 32 
Pollard, 40. 73 
Pomroy, 102 
Pool, 108 
Poole, 70 
PooUy, 71 
Poolmer, 108 
Pooly, 37 
Pope, 73, 133 
Porter, 38, 113, 141, 155, 

Post, 27, 28, 30, 77, 114, 

115, 118, 119, 147 
Postlewaight, 69 
Potter, 30, 31, 65, 75, 

125, 165 
Pottle, III 
Pouwel, 168 
Pouwell, 80 
Pouwelse, 32, 81, 117, 

Powell, 37, 68, 73, III 
Pownde, no 
Poyes, 70 
Poynton, in 
Pra, 30, 77, 78, 120 
Prance, 39 
Pratt, 112, 143, 157 
Preeste, 107 
Prescott, 19, 158 
Presling, 32 
Preston, 143 
Price, 154, 156 
Prichard, 158 
Prickitt, 155 
Priestley, 9, 94 
Pritchett, 154 
Procer, 40 
Prosser, no 
Prouthevvright, 159 
Provoost, 1-13, 26, 27, 

30, 31. 32, 77, 78, 79, 

82, 94, 114, 120, 121, 

131, 145, 162. 165, 

166. 167 
Provost, 2, 173, 175 
Prudden. 127 
Pruyn, 46 

Pryce, 39, 73, 108, 113 
Pryer, 76. 114 
Pryn, 118 
Pryor, 39 
Piickford, 37 
Pue, 156 
Pugsley. 143 
Pullan, 159 
Pullen, 69, 109 
Punter, 158 
Purdy, 68 

Purple, 1, 90 
Pye, in 
Pym, 159 
Pyncheon, 161 
Pyne, 109 
Pyper, 143, 153 

Quackenbos, 33, 80, 81, 
116, 117, 163 

euackenbosh, 164 
uaritch, 144, 184 
yuench, 37 
yuik, 120 
yuincey, 24 
yuincy, 24, 150, 151, 152 

Rabby, 108 
Radcliffe, 14 
Radley, 156 
Radstone, 71 
Ragone, 11 
RaH 79, 168 
Raleigh, 48 
Rancking, 112 
Randes, 113 
Randolph, 147 
Raneleigh, 5 
Ranoudet, 163 
Rapalje, 76 
Rapalye, 163 
Raphbey, 155 
Rasay, 129, 130 
Rastall, 40 
Raven, 158 
Ravenscroft, 12 
Raverteyn, 30, 78, 80, 

Ravesteyn, 119, 121, 

Rawe, 113 
Rawlanson, 69 
Rawlins, 112 
Ravvlinson, 71, 109, 157 
Rawson, 70 
Rawyer, 70 
Raybould, 143 
Rayleigh, 143 
Rayment, 157 
Raynes, 69 
Reade, 2, 40, log, in 
Readman, 157 
Redborne, in 
Redding, 156, 159 
Reddinge, 71 
Redferne, 112 
Redley, 121 
Ree, 29 
Reed, 45, 163 
Reetly, 81 
Reeve, 40 
Renaudet, 27, 76, 79, 

Rendell, 169 
Renell, 153 
Renodet, 114 
Renolds, 156 
Rensford, 166 
Renwick, 148 
Resby, 109 
Rettel, 117 
Rave, 70 
Revett, 168 
Reyerse, 32, 117, 119 
Reynalls, 69 
Reyndaers, 163 
Reynders, 76 
Rcynderse, 62 
Reynolds, 108, 143 
Rhee, 30, 31, 115, 165 
Richard, 81, 82, 165, 169 
Richards, 72, 143, 154 
Richardson, no, 112, 

Richier, 128 
Ricker, 119 
Ricklaes, 33 
Ricraft, 87 
Riddopp, 38 
Rider, 154, 156 
Ridge, 37 
Ridgway, 154 
Ridgewaye, 157 
Ridley, 113, 155 
Rigges, 108 
Riggs, 104 
Riker, 53, 54 
Riley, 46, 132 
Ringe, 163 
Ringo, 76, 82 
Rippingham, 69 
Rippon, 112 
Ritzema. 2, 146 
Roache, no 
Robberds, 78 
Robberson, 80, 117 
Robberts, 32 
Robbins, 95, 184 
Roberson, 169 
Roberts, 112, 157 
Robertson, 96, in 
Robinson, 48, 109, no, 
113, 147, 156, 162,172 
Robotham, 158 
Roche, 69 
Rochester, 140 
Rodgers, n, 94 
Roelofse, 119 
Roelosse, 76 
Rogers, 69, 71, 72, no, 

Rogerson, 37 
Rogiers, 92 
Rolffe, 108 
Rolt. 157 
Romball, 73 
Rome, 30, 32, 33, 76, 79, 

115, 116, 117, 121, 

162, 168 
Romen, 77, 82, 121 
Romeyn, 76, 165 
Romme, 26, 31, 75, 121, 

Romney, 143 
Roome, 77 

RoOS, 29, 41, 79 

Roosa, 14, 18, 19 
Roose, 29, 155 
Roper, 38, 40 
Ros, 150, 151, 152 
Rosa, 41 
Rosdel, 69 
Rose. 107, no, 114 
Roseboom, 77, 117, 169 
Rosekrans, 18 
Rosenkrantz, 112 
Rosevelt, 29, 82, 115 

117, 166, 167 
Ross, 92 
Rosswell, 37 
Rothman, in 
Roux, gi 
Rowe, 39 
Rowland, 36, 39 
Rucke, 108 
Rudding, 40 
Rudyard, 51, 34, 57^ 

Rugg, 68 
Rumley, n;4 
Rundcl', oj 
Rushford, 153 
Russel, 59. 78. 80 
Russell, 23, 38, 40 
Rutan, 164 ^■ 
Rutgers, i, 2, 30, 
ii8, 120, 165, 166 



Rutsen, 15 
Rutson, 43 — 
Ryall, 108 
Ryk, 119 

Ryke, 26, 27, 77, 164 
Rykers, 21, 129 
Rykman, 29, 117, 119 
Rys, 11 7 
Rysinge, in 
Ryther, 108 
Ryttes, III 

Sachell, 63 
Sackett. 89 
Sadler, no 
Sage. 39 
Sainman, 32 
Saker, no 
Sale, 163 

Salisbury, 94, 138 
Sallon, 70 
Salomons, 168 
Salomonse, 79 
Salisbury, 33 
Salter, 113, 139, 182 
Samman, 26 
Sammans, 118, 121 
Sampson, 108 
Sams, 157 
Samweyer, no 
Sanders. 26, 31, 115, 157 
Sand ford, 69 
Sandots, 172 
Sands. 89, 92, 148 
Sandtfort, 166 
Sanfoord, 26 
Sanford, 113 
Sante, 108 
San ten, 55, 62 
Saunders, 69, 112, 155 
Savage, 38, 108, 126, 127, 

Savell, 38 
Savidge, in 
Say, 113, 151 
Saycheverell, 73 
Sayer, 37, 156 
Schaats, 78, 115 
Schars, 76, 163 
Scasbrooke, no 
Schaeffer, 148 
Schembers, 143 
Schepmore, 30 
Schermerhoorn, 167 
Schermerhorn, 79 
Schenck, 66 
Schelman, 120 
Schoonmaker, 14, 15. 18, 

19, 20 
Schot, 81, 118 
Schott, 31 
Schramm, 90 
Schuyler, 26, 80, 84, 115, 

165, 166 
Schuymer, 42 
Scot, 39, 171 

Scott, ID I 

Scourse, 8 
Scrivener, no 
Scrivenour, 73 
Scudder, 62, 170 
Seabury, 8, 10, 12, 48, 

Scale, 156 
Seaman, 53, 54, 147 
Searie, 15,^ 
Seayward, xs\ igg 
Sebering, nc' 
Sebring, 26, jgg 

120, 164 ,' 
Sedgwick, y 
Sell, III ? 
Selove, 32 ■ 

82 PER AisnsruM. 

Vol. XVIII. 


O. I 


Genealogical and Biographical 


Devoted to the Interests of American 
Genealogy and Biography. 


January, 1887. 


MOTT Memorial Hall, No. 64 Madison Avenue, 

New York City. 

The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 

Publication Committee : 




1. Samuel Provoost, First Bishop of New York. By Gen. Jas. Grant 

Wilson. With a Portrait i 

2. The De Witt Family, of Ulster County, New York. By Thomas 

G. Evans (Continued), 13 

3. America Heraldica. A Review. By the Rev. Beverley R. Betts, . 21 

4. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New 

York (Continued), 26 

5. English Ancestry of the Leonard Family. By O. B. Leonard, . . 34 

6. Marriages at St. Mary le Strand, London, from A.D. 1605, . . 36 

7. Baptisms in the Westbrook Family. From Original Records. . . 41 

8. Notes and Queries. — Proceedings of the Society — King — Delafield — Riley, 

Clark, Egg Harbor — Beebe — Holcombe Reunion — St. Mary le Strand— Griffin — 
Smith— Blake — Marseille 42 

9. Book Notices. — Thomas Butler and his Descendants, by George H. Butler, 

M. D., 47 — Appleton's Cyclopredia of American Biography, Vol. I., 48 — 
English Worthies, Edited by Andrew Lang, 48 — Woodstock, by Clarence 
Winthrop Bowne, ............. 48 


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Vol. XVIII. 

No. 2. 


Genealogical and Biographical 





April, 1887 


MoTT Memorial Hall, No. 64 Madison Avenue, 


The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 

Publication Comviittee : 
Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON, ex-officio. Dr. HENRY R. STILES. 




Laws of 1683 — Old Records and Old Politics. By Charles B. Moore. 49 
President's Annual Address. By Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson, . . .64 

Marriages at St. Mary-le-Strand, London, from A.D. 1609, . . 68 

Mrs. Mary Buckingham. By Commander Edward Hooker, U.S.N., . 73 
Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York 

(Continued), ............. 75 

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Genealogical Sketch of the Family of Enoch Croskv. By William 

S. Pelletreau, 87 

Sands Family, 89 

Obituary. — Andrew Kirkpatrick Cogswell, ....... 90 

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Book Notices. — Diary of Thomas Robbins, D,D., 1796-1854, by Increase N. 

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No. 3. 


Genealogical and Biographical 



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E 1-,'ar -lllus. Sm 4to pp 107, cl. 1873 

Edson— 8vo pp m. 1864 

Kdwai'ds Memoria,!- Ilhis. 8v'o pp 206, cl. 1871 

Eliot— 8vo pp 184, boards, uncut. 1854 

HI iot— Folded Pedigree 

l\.m I Hitchcock— Svo pp .3. 1886 

.5't Hodges— 8vo pp 71. 1833 
4.00 I Holbrook— 8vo pp 19. 18.51 
1.50 Hollin^'sworth— I'iino pp 144. 
2..50 Holmes— Svo pp 76. 1865 
2.00 ! Holt— Svo pp .367, cl. 1864 
25 ! Holt — Emblazoned Arms 


Ellis' Plea forAniiquity of Heraldry, Svo pp 23. 1853 .40 j Holton -Folded Pedigree 

16mo pp 160, cl. 

Elwell— MS. 6 pp fooliscap 

Epitaphs— Gary's Collection 
1856 1.00 

Epitai)hs— Churchyard Literature, or Light Read- 
ing on Grave Subjects, lllus. 16mo pp 192, cl. 
1881 1.50 

Epitaphs— Original and Selected. 12mo pp 242, cl. 
uncut. 1840 1.50 

Fairbairn's Crests— plates 1 vol., te.\t 1 vol. Edin 
burgh, n. d. cl. 

Fairfax— Svo pp 234. cl. 1868 

Farrington— Svo pp 24. 1880 

Faxon. Map— 12mo pp 392. 1880 

Fentou— Royal 8vo pp 34. 1867 

Field— Large folded Pedigree 

Firmin, Firman, Furnian— MS in pencil, 15 pages 

Fish— lllus. Roval 4to pp 32. 1881 

Fiske— lllus. 12mo pp 317. cl. 1867 

Fitts, Fit/.— Svo pp 98. 1869 

Flanders— Svo pp 8 

Fletcher— Illu<. Svo pp 279, cl. 1871 

Fletcher— Svo pp 10. 1881 

Flower—lUus. Royal 4to pp 36. 1880 

Follansbee Association- Report, pp 6 

Follansbee Association— Report. Svo pp 28. 1865 

Folsoni— lllus. Svo pp 297, cl. 1882 

Folsoni— Svo pp 29. Uncut, for private distribu- 
tion. 1876 .ra 

Foote— lllus. Svo pp 360, cl. 1849 6.00 

Foster's Peerage and Baronetage— 2 thick vols. 

royal Svo. 1882 8.00 

Pox — 4l() pp 4, privately printed. 1872 ..50 

Frost— Ilhis. Koyal 4to pp 18. cl. 1880 3.00 

Frost— Svo pp 27, issued without a title, half mor. 2.50 
Gale— Svo pp 9, n. d. 

Garlield Family in England— Svo pp 12. 1883 
Gerould— Svo pp 85, cl. 1835 
Gibson Association— Report. Svo pp 20. 1867 
Giddings -lllus. Svo pp327, half roan, gilt edge; 

Giles Memorial— lllus. 8vopp61S, cl. 1864 
Gilman— lllus. Sq Svo pp 336, cl. 1869 
Gilman— Royal Svo pp 51, cl. 1863 
Gilmore— Family Record of Thomas W. Svo pp 

29, n. d. ■ 1.00 

Glover-Svo pp 619. cl. 186' 
Goddard— 12nio pp 99. 1833 




















lllus. Svo pp 60. 





1 .00 


Hornblower— 8vo pp SO. 1883 
Horton — lllus, Svo pp 2.59, cl. 
Hosmer— Svo pp 16. 1861 
Houirhton Associaiion — Report 


Houell— Emblazoned Anns 2.00 

Hovt. Haight, Hight, Hyatt— lllus. Svo pp 698, cl 

1871 4.00 

Hubbard— lllus. Svo pp 34. 1872 1.00 

Hull— I2inopp36. 1863 1,00 

Hume- Emblazoned Arms 2.00 

Humphrey— Svo pp 2;^. 1882 1.25 

Hunt -Sm. 4t<> pp 430, cl. 1862-63 3,50 

Huntington- lllus. Svo pp 428, cl. 1863 3.50 

llunton— Svo pp 113, cl. 1881 1..50' 

Hutchinson— 4topp 24 & 33, half mor. 1866,8 3.00 
Hutchinson and Oliver- 4to pp 3S. 1865 1.00 

Hutton— lllus. Sq. Svo pp 142, cl. 1841 1 00 

Innes — Account of P'amily. lllus. 4to pp 296, cl. 

1864 2.50 

Ireland Family— Svo pp.51. 1880 1,50 

Jackson— lllus, Svo pp 371, cl. gilt edges. 1878 2..50 
Jackson — Large folded litiiographic Pedigree. 1839 2.011 
Janes— Svo pp 419. boards, uncut. 1868 2.00 

jMunceys of iSfew York— lllus. Svo pp 25. 1876 1..50 
Jaunceys of Bermuda— Svo pp 4. n d, ..50 

Jenner — Descendants of Thomas, Svo pp 3. 1S65 .50 
Jenneus. Howe, Hanmer, Lj^gon, &c.— Folded 

Perligree .25 

Jennings Association-Report. Svo ])p 24, 1863 ,3.) 
Jennings — Wills and Administrations. Svo pp 

19, flexible mor. Loud, n, d, 1.00 

Johnson— Family (-JatherinL'. Svo pp 12. 1878 .50 
Jones, of Queens Co.-SnV. Svo pp 99, cl. 1,00 

Jordan— lllus. Royal Svo pp 495, cl, uncut, 1882 3.00 





16mo pp 15, 

Goddard— Emblazoned Arms 

Judd-Svopp 112. 18.56 

Kay — Emblazoned .Arms 

Keith— Emblazoned Anns 

Kelly — Emblazoned Arms 

Keyes— Thomas and Descendants. 

Kilbourn— lllus. Svo pp 488, cl. 1856 

Kinsman— lllus. Svo pp 264, cl. 1876 

Kip— Svo pp 49 1871 

Kip— lllus. Royal 4topp 25, cl. 1880 
4.00 * Kiikpatrick — Memorials of Andrew and Jane. 
5.00 i lllus. Svo pp 75. 1S70 

Grace— 93 portraits, folded tnble, 5 maps and 80 

plates. Royal Svo, roxburghe. 1823 12,00 

Grace— Arms in colors, 4to pp 16. n, d. 1.50 

Graf— Constitution of Hans Graf Family As-o- 
ciatioii. Svo pp 10. 1866 1.00 

2,00 Kirkpatriek— Emblazoned Arms 

Knight— Photograph of Arms 
Lambert— Emlmizoned Arms 
Lamont — Emblnzoned Arms 
Lampton— Emblazoned Arms 
Lang — Emblazoned Arms 

Grant— Gen, Ancestry of, 12mo i)p 198, cl, 1869 1,0^) | Lane, Job— Folded Pedigree 

Green— De.sceud.ants of Percival and Ellen, Svo 

pp 67, 1876 1.50 

Greenleaf— Svo pp 116, stained. 1854 2..50 

Grose— Sm. 4to pp 7, 1-"81 ..50 

Haskett-Einblazoned Arms 2.00 

Hale— i^il'e of Nathan, with genealogy, lllus, 

12m.f pp232. cl, 18.56 1.35 

HaLstead— Emblazoned Anns 2.00 

Halyburion— Emblazoned Arms 2,00 

Uapwood— lllus. Svo pp 38, from one of Morse's 

volumes LOO 

Harrison— Embl izoned Arms 2.00 

Harwood— 12nio pp 33. 1879 
Hatch— lllus. Svo pp 36, cl, gilt edges. 1879 
Hathorne— Folded Pedigree 
Hawley -Emblazoned Arms 
Heald —Broadside 
Heinecke and Vander.-aal— 12uio |)p 302, cl. 



1881 1.00 






Lane, Reyner and Whipple. Svo pp 34, cl, 185' 

Laphani— Svo pp 34, 1873 .75 

Lawrence— Svo pp 191. cl, 1857 2.00 

Lawrence, John Continuations. Svopp74, 1876 1.. 50 

Lawrence— Folded PediL'ree .30 
Lawson— Life of Mrs. Dorothv. Pedigree. Svo 

pp 17. 18.55 ' 1.35 

Leighton-8vo pp 127. 1.S85 3.00 

Lei-ler— 4to pp 21, cl. 1877 3,00 

Leiand— lllus, Svo pp 279, cl. 1850 6.00 

Leonard— Svo pp 34. 1851 ..50 

Leverert— Svo pp 303, cl., portraits wanting. 1856 3..50 

Leverett— Svo pj) 30, 1850, portrait wanting .75 

Herrick— Royal Svo pp ()9, cl. 1846 

Herrick— Emblazoned Arms 

Hej'sh am —Pedigree 

Hill- lllus. Royal Svo pp 495, cl. 1854 

Hiiiman— lllus. Svo pp 80. 18.56 

Leverett— Folded Pedigree 

Lincoln- Svo pp 10, 1865 .75 

Little -lllus. Sq. 12mo pp 83, cl. 1877 1.00 

Livermore— Emblazoned Arms 3.00 

Locke-llliis. Imp, Svo pp 406, 1853 3.00 

4.00 L(mg -Large folded Pedigree. English .50 

2.00 Loomis— lllus. Descendants of Joseph. Female 

Branch.'S, 2 vols, Svo cl, 1880 8,00 
15,(10 j Lyman— Proceedings of Reunion, —Svo pp 60, chart 

1,.50| "laid in. 1871 LOO 

$2.00 per Annum. 

Vol. XVIII. 


No. 4. 


Genealogical and Biographical 






October, 1887, 


MoTT Memorial Hall, No. 64 Madison Avenue, 

The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 

Publication Committee : 
Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON, ex-officio. Dr. HENRY R. STILES. 



The First Century of Columbia College. By W. A. Jones, . . 145 

The Descent of Sir Peter Warren. By Charles H. Browning, . 150 

Marriages at St. Mary-le-Strand, London, from A.D. 1609 to A.D. 

1625, 153 

Philip Freneau. By the Rev. William Hall, 160 

Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York 

(Continued), ............. 162 

Records of the First and Second Presbyterian Churches in the 

City of New York. Births and Baptisms (Continued), . . . 170 

Will of James Alexander, . . . . ' 173 

Notes and Queries. — Proceedings of the Society — Oliver — Dudley — Tubbs — 

First Century of Columbia College — Alexander — DeLancey — Egg Harbor, . 181 

Obituary. — Hutchison, 183 

Book Notices. — Terry Families, by St(;phen Terry — Diary of Thomas Rob- 

bins — Roman Catholic Families of England, ....... 184 


While the PubHcation Committee aim to admit into the Record 
such Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical matter, only, as may 
be relied on for accuracy and authenticity, it is to be understood 
that neither the Society or Committee are responsible for misstate- 
ments of facts (if any), or for the opinions or observations contained 
or expressed in articles under the names, or initials, of contributors. 

All communications intended for the Record should be 
addressed to ''The Publication Committee of the Record," at the 
rooms of the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society, No. 64 
Madison Avenue, New York. 

The Record will be found on sale at the rooms of the Society, 
which are open on Tuesday and Friday afternoons ; at Brentano 
Brothers, 5 Union Square, W. ; and at E. W. Nash's, 80 Nassau 
Street, New York. The Society has a few complete sets on sale. 
Price for the seventeen volumes, well bound in cloth, $39.00. Sub- 
scription, payable in advance. Two Dollars per annum ; Single 
Numbers, Sixty Cents each. 

Payments for subscriptions, and annual dues of Members of the 
Society, should be sent to Dr. George H. Butler, Treasurer, No. 
64 Madison Avenue, New York City. 

NOTICE. — In consequence of an unusual number of names in the present volume, 
the indexes have overrun the space reserved for them. The title page and remainder of 
the indexes will be given in the January Record. 

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