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Full text of "The New York genealogical and biographical record"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2008 with funding from 
The Library of Congress 



http://www.archive.org/details/newyorkgenealog23newy 



NEW YORK 



Genealogical and Biographical 



Record. 



DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF AMERICAN 
GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY. 



ISSUED QUARTERLY. 




VOLUME XXIII., 1892. 



1898 



& 



Upt WASH'. "^J 



PUBLISHED BY THE SCC r Y, 

Berkeley Lyceum, No. 23 West 44-1 : Street, 

NEW YORK CITY. 






5086 

Publication Comjnittee : 
Rev. BEVERLEY R. BETTS, Chairman. Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 
Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON. Mr. THOMAS G. EVANS. 

Mr. EDWARD F. DE LANCEY. Mr. CEPHAS BRAINERD. 



o.' I. I. Little & Co., Astor Place, New York 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Astor American Ancestry, 15. 

Christopher Flanagan, 62. 
Coddington, Jonathan S., 190. 
Cruger and Hasell, 147. 

De Witt, Johan. Original Letter, 150. 

Diodati Tomb, 149. 

Domesday Book, 3S. 

Donations to the Library, 50, 219. 

Duyckinck, W. C. The Duyckinck Family, 33. 

Egleston, Thomas. Major Azariah Egleston, 99. 

Fishkill Inscriptions, 212. 
Franklin Family, 127. 

Gardiner, David. The Gardiner Family, 159. 
Greene, Richard H. Astor American Ancestry, 15. 

Hasell, Bentley D. Cruger and Hasell, 147. 
Hurry, Edmund Ahdy. Christopher Flanagan, 62. 

John Paul Jones, 51. 

Judge Bayard's London Diary of 1795-96, 1. 

Notes and Queries. — Ailing, Perse, and Covert ; Ancestry and Aristocracy ; Andrew 
Jackson; Bayard Country Seat; Cock; Col. Hardenburgh ; Fishkill Inscrip- 
tions ; Flanagan and Pell ; Gouverneur ; Herbert and Morgan ; Hoffman 
House, Kingston ; Holmes ; Jacob Kemper ; Merritt Family ; Paton ; Pedigree 
Building ; Pruyn Family ; Schuyler , Society Items ; Society of Authors ; Statue 
of Columbus ; Thome Family ; Todd ; Townsend ; United States Coins ; 
Zabriskie Notes, 47, 92. 153, 216. 

Notes on Books. — Arthur Rexford ; Bartletts ; Battles of Saratoga ; Caufman and 
Rodenbough Families ; Church of England in Nova Scotia, by Arthur W. H. 
Eaton ; Descendants of William Thomas; Dimond and Farnsvvorth Families ; 
Hamilton College ; Hoagland Family ; Index to a MS. of the Name of French ; 
Joseph Atkins ; King, of Lynn, by Rufus King ; Livingstons of Callendar ; 
Loyal Legion Addresses ; Memorial History of New York ; Mifflin Family, by 
John H. Merrill ; Record of my Ancestry ; Sessions ; Tombstones at Elizabeth, 
N. J.; Yale Portraits; Youngs of Oyster Bay, 49, 96, 158, 219. 

Obituaries. — Coles, King, Langhorne, Moore, Paine, Shea, 4S, 93, 156. 

Paterson, William. William Paterson, Governor of New Jersey, 81. 
Pumpelly, Josiah C. John Paul Jones, 51. 

WRecords of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York. Baptisms, 18, 73, 
131. 193. 

Schuermans of New Jersey, by Richard Wynkoop, 201. 



j v Index of Subjects. 

Van Wagenen, Gerrit H. The Van Wagenen Family, 38. 

Wakefield, Edward. The Domesday Hook. 64. 

Weddmgs at St. Mary's, Whitechapel. London 42, I5J- 

Wilson "las. Grant. Judge Bayard's London Diary of I795-9&. *■ 

Wynkoop, Richard. The Schuermans of New Jersey, 201. 

Zabriskie Notes, 26, 139. 



THE NEW YORK 

(Iflteatogieal antr ^grapljical ^ecortr. 



Vol. XXIII. NEW YORK, JANUARY, 1S92. 



JUDGE BAYARD'S LONDON DIARY OF 1795-96. 

An Address Delivered before the New York Genealogical and Biograph- 
ical Society, Oct. o.th, 1S91. 



By Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. 
With four illustrations. 



Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : Among the many hundred 
thousand Huguenot fugitives driven from the fair fields of France by the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and by the bitter religious persecutions 
which preceded that barbarous Jesuit edict of October 25th, 1685,* were 
large numbers who fled, as the Pilgrim Fathers had done, to Holland : 
others sought refuge in the New World, saying, with the saintly Quarles, 

" I'll ne'er distrust my God for cloth and bread, 
While lilies flourish, and the ravens fed." 

Their descendants were such men as John Bayard, Elias Boudinot, 
James Bowdoin, Henry Laurens, Peter Faneuil, Bishops Provoost and 
De Lancey, and, greatest of them all, Chief-Justice Jay, whose reputa- 
tion as a sincere patriot was second only to that of Washington, and of 
whom Webster beautifully said, " When the spotless ermine of the judi- 
cial robe fell on John Jay. it touched nothing less spotless than itself." 
The expatriated French Huguenots were heroes of the highest type, and 
worthy peers of that noble band of English Pilgrims who landed on 
Plymouth Rock more than two and a half centuries ago. The intermar- 
riage of these two races has given to our country some of her noblest 
citizens. To mention a single instance, I would name my venerable 
friend Robert C. Winthrop, an honored Vice-President for Massachusetts 
of the Huguenot Society. 

* Authorities disagree as to the number of Huguenots, or French Protestants who 
"kept the faith," and who were driven from their native land by the arbitrary and 
injudicious act of Louis XIV. Sismondi places it at between three and four hundred 
thousand, Voltaire at half a million, and many German and other writers estimate, 
the number as high as eight hundred thousand. Of these Holland received the 
largest portion, the others being divided among the German States, England, Ireland, 
Switzeiland, and America. A few Huguenots sought refuge in Russia and in Scan- 
dinavia. Addison, in the Spectator, alludes to these ancient Protestant worthies who 
sought safety and shelter in England, and speaks of the "engaging joyousness of the 
gentle strangers." Of this act of folly Mr. T. F. Bayard writes, " The Edict of Octo- 
ber, 16S5, is styled in the body of the instrument a revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 
but that is a dishonest misnomer of one of the most diabolical documents of recorded 
history. As blind as it was cruel, and stupid as it was suicidal, it inflicted a stagger- 
ing blow to France, from the effects of which that country has never ceased to suffer, 
and linked the name of Louis XIV. with infamy and disgrace forever." 



2 J'«fge Bayard's London Diarv 0/ 1793-96. [Jan.. 

For more than two centuries the belief has prevailed among the Bay- 
ards of America that they are descended from the famous French family 
of Dauphine which gave to the world one of the most beautiful characters 
mentioned in modern history. This is, however, merely a pleasing tradi- 
tion of which thus far we have no documentary proof. Of Samuel Bay- 
ard, who married Anna Stuyvesant, little was known until two summers 
ago, beyond the fact that he was a wealthy merchant of Amsterdam who 
died prior to the spring of 1647, when his widow with her three sons and 
a daughter came to this country in company with her brother Peter 
Stuyvesant. The Governor had previously married Judith, the sister of 
Samuel Bayard, so that they were doubly brothers-in-law. While travelling 
in Holland in 1875, I made efforts to trace the ancestors of the Amster- 
dam merchant, but they were attended with the same lack of success 
which had met many similar efforts made by members of the family, and 
chiefly by Richard Henry Bayard, American Minister to Belgium during 
the administration of Millard Fillmore. In July, 1889, being again in 
Holland, I resumed my quest. It affords me very great pleasure to 
announce that my efforts were at length attended with partial success. 
Something more is now known of Samuel Bayard and who two genera- 
tions of his ancestors were, so that we at present possess the family gen- 
ealogy for upwards of three hundred years, a highly respectable antiquity 
for the New World if not for the Old, where I was in September, 1889, 
with a member of my family, the guest of a nobleman whose ancestors had 
lived on the same spot for a thousand years ! Lord Tollemache occupied 
an ancient castle surrounded by a double moat, the drawbridges are raised 
every night precisely as they were in the days of Richard the Lion-hearted, 
and when I asked him if his ancestor came over with William the Con- 
queror, the proud old patrician of over four-score contemptuously replied, 
" No, my family were here two hundred years before the Norman bastard 
was born ! " * 

The father of Samuel Bayard was the Reverend Lazare Bayard, a 
Huguenot clergyman of distinction, who in 1607 married Judith Beyens, 
of a noble Belgian family originally from North Brabant. He was 
educated at Leyden, and his first church was at Breda, where his eldest 
child Judith, and his eldest son, Samuel, were born. The family consisted 
of seven children, f The father of Lazare was Nicholas, an eminent 
Huguenot professor and doctor of divinity in charge of the French church 

* Lord Tollemache, of Helmingham Castle, near Ipswich, in the County of Suf- 
folk, was born December 5th, 1805, and died, since the date of my visit in the sum- 
mer of iSSg, at another of his seats known as Peckforton Castle in Cheshire, Decem- 
ber gth, 1S9O. He was buried in the beautiful family chapel at Helmingham (six of 
his sons and six of the tenantry acting as pall-bearers) and by the side of his gallant 
kinsman General Talmash, who, says Macaulay, "perished by the basest of all the 
hundred villanies of Marlborough." Lord Tollemache, at thirty, was considered the 
best whip and the handsomest man of his time. In later life he was active in public 
affairs, and admittedly the model farmer of England. He was twice married, and 
had perhaps the most patriarchal family of tne period — twenty-three sons and a 
daughter ! Lord Tollemache travelled in this country in 1850, and was entertained 
at the White House by General Taylor, also receiving much attention from Daniel 
Webster, who made his acquaintance during his visit to Europe in 1S39. 

fjudith baptized 16 November, 160S. Louis, baptized 16 January, 1612. 

Rebecca, " 30 September, 1609. Paul, " 1 February 1613. 

Samuel, " 12 December, 1O10. Cataline, " 2 March, 1616. 

Daniel, baptized 3 December, 161 7. 



1892.] Judge Bayard's London Diary of //pj-gd. 3 

at Antwerp for several years prior to 1 590. As the massacre of St. Bartho'- 
omew, which drove the Protestants from France, took place in 1572, 
there are less than two decades to be accounted for. These may have 
been spent in Antwerp by Doctor Bayard, who is doubtless the divine 
from whom the family tradition has always been that the American Bay- 
ards were descended. The additional tradition that he married Blandina 
Conde, a titled lady belonging to the illustrious French family of that 
name, has not yet been verified. ■ A search is now being made by an 
accomplished Antwerp genealogist to trace the early history of Nicholas 
Bayard and his immediate family, and so to settle the long uncertainty 
as to the province of France to which they belonged. 

Colonel Martin Bayard, of Ghent, who was second to no young soldier 
in deeds of chivalric daring, is believed to have been a brother of Nicholas, 
and is known to have been a Huguenot and a native of France. With 
his Walloon troopers he thundered upon the enemy, like the brilliant 
chevalier, visor down and lance in rest : 

" They quitted not their harness bright. 
Neither by day, nor yet by night ; 

They lay down to rest, 

With corselet laced. 
Pillowed on buckler cold and hard : 

They carved at the meal 

With gloves of sleel. 
And they drank the red wine through the helmet barred." 

Samuel Bayard was born in Breda and baptized in the Walloon church, 
December 8th, 1610. He received a college education and became an 
opulent merchant of Amsterdam, where he married, October 21st, 1638, 
Anna Stuyvesant, daughter of the Reverend Balthazar Stuyvesant, of 
Friesland, and his first wile Margaret Hardenstein. Mrs. or Madame 
Bayard as she was usually called, was a lady of imposing presence, highly 
educated, with great business capacity, and possessing a fair share of that 
imperious temper which characterized her brother, " hard-headed Peter." 
Samuel Bayard's country house was at Alphen, a small town some seven 
miles distant from Levden, where their children were born. The painter's 
art has preserved on canvas a view of the spacious residence and attractive 
grounds, also portraits of the prosperous young merchant and his wife, 
as they appeared about 1640. Bayard died six years later. Early in 
1647 h' s widow,* with her four children and their tutor, sailed from 
Amsterdam with Director-General Stuyvesant on board the Princess, 
accompanied by the Great Gerrit, the Zwol, and the Raet. William 
Beekman, the progenitor of the New York family of that name, was 
also a passenger on the Princess, which arrived in this city May 1 ith, 
1647- 

Madame Bayard, her daughter Catherine, and her sons — Peter, named 
in honor of his uncle ; Balthazar, after his maternal grandfather ; and 
Nicholas after his great-grandfather — were the ancestors of the American 

* Among the few Holland heirlooms brought to this country by Madame Bayard, 
which have survived the flood of years, is a large piece of valuable lace more than 
three centuries old, now in the possession of Mrs. Jas. Grant Wilson, of New York. 
It was frequently worn by her great-grandmother, Mrs. John Bayard, at President 
and Mrs. Washington's dinner parties and receptions in Philadelphia, Pa. 



4 J U( 1g e Bayard's London Diary of iyg^-g6. [Jan., 

Bayards, a family which has filled an important place in the annals of the 
American army and navy, in commerce, and in Church and State. Four 
of the Bayards occupied seats in the United States Senate almost continu- 
ously for nearly four-score years,* one was among the signers of the treaty 
of Ghent, and another who is an honored member of this society, was Secre- 
tary of State during the late administration of Grover Cleveland, f The 
Bayards have in the course of two centuries intermarried with the Wash- 
ingtons and Fairfaxes of Virginia, the Bassets, Carrols, Howards, 
and Wirts of Maryland ; the Francis and Willing families of Pennsyl- 
vania ; the Kembles, Kirkpatricks, Stevenses and Stocktons of New 
Jersey; the Beekmans, Cuttings, De Lanceys, Jays, Livingstons, Pin- 
tards, Schuylers, Stuyvesants, Verplancks, Van Cortlandts, and Van 
Rensselaers of New York ; and the Bowdoins and Winthrops of Massa- 
chusetts. 

Peter Bayard married Blandina Kierstadt, daughter of Dr. Hans Kier- 
stadt and Sarah Roelofs and grand-daughter of Jans Roelofs and his wife, 
the celebrated heiress Anneke Jans. They resided on the northeast corner 
of Broadway and Exchange Place. J (I may perhaps be permitted to 

* The nearest approach to the Bayard record made by any other American family 
is in the case of the Adamses, John having sat in the Senate Chamber as Vice-President 
from 17S9 to 1797, while his son, John Quincy, was Senator from 1803 to 1S0S and a Rep- 
resentative from 1S31 to 1S4S, and his grandson, Charles Francis, was a Representative 
from 1S59 to 1861. Quite as remarkable as these instances of succession is the case of 
the Dodge family, which furnishes the only illustration in our history of a father 
and son sitting side by side in the Senate for years. Henry C. Dodge was 
elected one of the first Senators from Wisconsin upon her admission to the 
the Union, and served from 1848 to 1857, while his son, Augustus C. , was 
elected in the very same year one of the first Senators from the adjoining State 
of Iowa upon her admission, and the two were colleagues for nearly seven years, when, 
in 1S55, the son resigned his seat to go as Minister to Spain. Very notable, too, is the 
case of the famous Washburn family, the surviving brothers of which recently presented 
a public library to the town of Livermore, Me., where they were born. Four mem- 
bers of the same generation have been elected Representatives in the House — Israel 
from Maine, Elihu B. from Illinois, Cadwallader C. from Wisconsin, and William D. 
from Minnesota — and the three first-named were colleagues during the 34th, 35th and 
36th Congresses. To General James Shields, a native of Ireland, belongs the unique 
distinction of having at different times represented three States in the Senate. 
In 1849 he was elected for a full teim from Illinois ; in 1857 he was chosen 
one of the first Senators from Minnesota and served about a year, and in the winter 
of 1879 he returned to the body for a few weeks to fill an unexpired term from Mis- 
souri. 

f Ex-Secretary Thomas Francis Bayard, who is connected with that dead and 
gone worthy, Sir Philip Francis, the author of "Junius," has in his possession a letter 
addressed by Sir Philip Francis to his American kinsman, Colonel Turbott Francis, 
the Secretary's great grand-uncle. The Englishman writes to the Philadelphia colonel 
concerning some property in Maryland. " I am determined to keep a little freehold 
in America," he says. " At present I am bound to the Ganges, but who knows whether 
I may not end my days on the banks of the Ohio? It gives me great comfort to reflect 
that I have relatives who are honest fellows in almost every part of the world. In 
America the name of Francis flourishes. I don't like to think of the quantity of salt 
water between us. If it were good claret, I would drink my way to America." 

I Among other houses owned by Peter Bayard was the one described in the fol- 
lowing well preserved parchment, in Dutch, dated August, 1656. It is among the 
many Bayard documents in the speaker's possession. 

We, the undersigned Councilmen of the City of Amsterdam, in New Netherland, 
declare hereby that before us compared and appeared Adam Brouwer, now residing 
on the Lower Inland, who declared to transfer and convey to and in favor of Dirck 
Van Schelluyne, Notary Public and Gatekeeper of this City, a certain house and lot, 



>*.] 



Judge Bayard's London Diary of iygj-<p6. 



mention in passing that if any one in this audience is ambitious of 
becoming part owner of the Trinity Church property my wife, who is one 
of the heirs of Anneke Jan?, would be willing to negotiate for the sale 
of her interest in the estate on exceedingly moderate terms.) Balthazar 
married Judith Loockermans, a great heiress, and resided next door to 
Peter ; Nicholas married Judith Varleth, and lived in the High street ; 
their sister Madame de Meyert's home was in Smith's Valley, near the 
present Centre Street, and their aunt, the widow Stuyvesant, resided on 
the Bouwerie road beyond the Fresh Water. These statements refer to 
the year 1690, more than two centuries ago. The descendants in the male 
line of Balthazar and Nicholas are, I believe, extinct, while those of the 
elder brother,* known as the Delaware Bayards, are numerous. One of 



situated within this said City, north of the commenced canal between the lots of Jan 
de Kuypev [John the Cooper] on the west side and Egl. Woutersze [Walter's son] on 
the east side, wide, fronting on the street, with free access on both sides, in Rhine- 
landish rods, four feet and six inches, from there eastward along the line of the lot 
of Henry Jochemse, in a straight line to the rear of the garden, six rods, nine feet, 
from there eastward to the fence and line of Elg. Woutersze three rods, six feet and 
two inches, following the same line to the north, seven rods and one foot, from there 
westward following the line of the lot of Dirck Bousich to the lots of Gerrit de Mole- 
naar [Garrett the Miller] there and where the servant of Jacob de Brouwer [the 
Brewer] has been building, three rods, six inches, along the same lot southward, four 
rods, three feet, along the lot of said Gerrit de Molenaar, again westward, one rod, seven 
feet, and so keeping on along the line of the lots of Gerrit and Abram de Molenaar 
to the rear of the lot of Jan de Kuyper, again to the south five rods, five feet and 
four inches, from there once more in a line running eastward, one rod, two feet and 
eight inches, and from there again till reaching the street southward, five rods, six 
feet and one inch, according to the measurement made by the Court-messenger in 
presence of Egl. Woutersze and John de Kuyper, which happened on the iSth of 
August of this year. And this by force of letter patent given to the Comparant, by 
us Councilmen and in date February 71I1, 1647, which foresaid house and lot, as said 
before, as the same is as to the carpenter work, the trees, etc., he, the Comparant is 
transferring and conveying as a true and rightful property, to the aforenamed Dirck 
Van Schelluyne, with all such actions, rights and rightfulness as he had administered 
and possessed the same, Renouncing therefore any further action, right or pretension 
of property which by him Comparant or anybody in his behalf might be made on 
aforesaid house and lot, with promise to hold the same safe against any claim or en- 
cumbrance brought forward by any one in the world (excepting, however, his rights 
as master), all for the agreed upon price according to contract, to be paid and settled 
in full, declaring furthermore to consider this his transfer Tind conveyance as firmly 
binding and unbreakable, to live up to it and perform it, in connection with and 
submission to all rights and documents, the minute of this has been subscribed to by 
Councilman Jacob Strijcker and Hendrich Kip- in a protocol at the Secretary's office 
of this City, this the igth of August, 1656. 

And have affixed here the City's seal and sealed it herewith. 

Is in accord with the forenamed protocol. 

Jacob Kir, 
: i 1 , Secretary. 

* A large and heavy folio Bible, printed in 
Dordrecht, is now in the possession of his de- 
scendant, Mrs. Jas. Grant Wilson. The title-page 
to the Old Testament is missing, but the massive 
volume is otherwise perfect, and in the original 
binding, with strong brass clasps and ornamental 
corner-pieces. It is enriched with maps and illus- 
trated with curious copper-plate engravings. The 
family record is written in Dutch, and is brought 
down to the year 1721. For a translation see 
Record for April, 18S5, p. 52. 




6 fudge Bayard's London Diary oj 1795-96. \]a.x\., 

these, the great-great-grandson of Peter, is the principal subject of the 
remaining portion of this paper.* 

An ancient manuscript diarv kept in London almost a century ago by 
Judge Bayard, of New Jersey, and which by some incredible piece of 
good luck has survived the inroads of housemaids, rats, and book-worms 
for ninety-four years, has recently come into my possession. This antique 
literary treasure consists of some two hundred quarto pages of thick yel- 
low-tinted paper, embrowned with age and dust to the shade of a well- 
colored meerschaum. Before presenting extracts from Bayard's Journal I 
may be permitted to give a brief biography of the diarist, who was sent 
by Washington to Great Britain, after the ratification of the Jay treaty, to 
prosecute the claims of American citizens. He was thus employed for a 
period of about four years. His Journal, which has been preserved and 
is marked Number one, covers the period from Friday, May Sth, 1795, to 
December 31st, 1796, inclusive. From it and from other sources, we 
learn that the young American was well acquainted with William VVilber- 
force ; with Edmund Burke, and Colonel Bane, who lost an eye in the 
battle in which his friend Wolfe was killed, and who was always inflexi- 
bly opposed to the war with America; with the illustrious brothers Lords 
Eldon and Stowell and Lord Mansfield ; with Cornwallis, Sir Henry 
Clinton, and Colonel Tarleton, who conversed with Bayard about their 
American campaigns ; with William Godwin, Dr. John Wolcott, better 
known as " Peter Pindar,'' and other London litterateurs of that time ; 
that he saw the great Admiral Lord Nelson, and that he frequently listened 
to the brilliant Erskine and Sheridan, and to the famous antagonists Fox 
and Pitt who, irreconcilable in life, are not divided in death. As Sir 
Walter Scott says : 

" The mighty chiefs sleep side by side. 

Drop upon Fox's grave the tear, 

'Twill trickle to his rival's bier." 

Samuel Bayard was born in Philadelphia, January nth, 1767. He 
was the fourth son of Colonel John Bayard, ''a patriot of singular purity 
of character and disinterestedness, personally brave, pensive, earnest and 
devout," j who fought by the side of Washington in the battle of Prince- 
ton, and who was also in the engagements at Brandywine and German- 
town. Young Bayard was graduated at Princeton College in 1784, 
delivering the valedictory oration, and he dined on that day with Presi- 
* 1 590-1890. 

1. Reverend Nicholas Bayard, D.D. 

2. Rev. Lazare Bayard. D.D. Judith Beyens. 

3. Samuel Bayard. Anna Stuyvesant. 

4. Peter Bayard. Blandina Kierstadt. 

5. Samuel Bayard. Susanna Bouchelle. 

6. James Bayard. Mary Asheton. 

7. John Bayard. Margaret Hodge. 

8. Samuel Bayard. Martha Pintard. 

9. Their last surviving child, Mrs. Caroline B. Pod, was the mother of 

10. Mrs. Martha Bayard Stevens, of Castle Point, who, by her marriage, became 
possessed of the Hoboken estate which belonged to her kinsman, William Bayard, 
a loyalist. It was purchased in 1S04 by Captain John Stevens, the father of the late 
Commodore Edwin A. Stevens, the property having been confiscated by the Govern- 
ment at the close of the Revolution. 

\ History of the United States, by George Bancroft, vol. 5, p. 264, Centenary 
Edition. Boston, 1S76. 




1S92.] Judge Bayard's Lonion Diary of i/pj-p6. 7 

dent Witherspoon and a distinguished company. He studied law with 
William Bradford, afterwards Attorney-General of the United States, 
and for seven years practiced law in Philadelphia. For three years he 
was in partnership with Mr. Bradford. In August, 1790, Samuel Bayard 
married Martha, daughter of Lewis Pintard, of New Rochelle, also of 
Huguenot descent, whose wife Susan was a sister of Richard Stockton, 
one of the signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence from New Jersey. In the following year 
Mr. Bavard was appointed clerk of the Supreme 
Court, being then but twenty-six years of age. 
After the ratification of the treaty with Great 
Britain negotiated by John Jay, he was nomi- 
nated by Washington an agent of the United 
States to prosecute in the English Admiralty 
Courts the claims of American citizens, in ac- 
cordance with the terms of that treaty dated 
November 19th, 1794. 

During Samuel Bayard's residence in London 
two children were born and died, and were buried 
in Bunhill Fields, near the grave of Dr. Isaac 
Watts, of whose character and writings he was ih%syyif^f2' V- ' / 

an enthusiastic admirer. Returning to his native ey ^-f.&<-i-*?£> 

land in 1798, Bayard spent several years at New 

Rochelle. While residing there he was appointed, by Governor Jay, Pre- 
siding Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Westchester. In 1803 he 
removed to New York City and resumed the practice of the law. In the 
following year he, with others, founded the New York Historical Society, 
his associates, who were present at the first regular meeting held Novem- 
ber 20th, 1804, in the old City Hall, being De Witt Clinton, Egbert Ben- 
son, Reverend John M. Mason, Reverend Samuel Miller, Reverend 
William Linn, Reverend John N. Abeel, John Pintard, Dr. David 
Hosack, Anthony Bleecker, and Peter G. Stuyvesant. "The minutes of 
our first meeting," says Dr. Francis, " notice the attendance of Samuel 
Bayard. He was connected by marriage with the family of the founder, 
John Pintard,* and they were most intimate friends. He was a gentle- 
man of the old school, a scholar, a jurist, a trustee of Princeton College, a 
public-spirited man, and a hearty co-operator in establishing this associa- 
tion ; widely acquainted with historical occurrences, and on terms of per- 
sonal communication with many of the active men of the Revolution, 
including Governor Livingston of New Jersey. We are indebted to Mr. 
Bayard for that remarkable series of MSS., the Journals of the House of 
* John Pintard, LL.D., 1759-1S44. who was born and died in New York City, was 
the nephew and adopted son of Lewis Pintard, Commissary for American Prisoners 
in New York. Washington, in a letter to the British Commander-in-Chief, says : 

Headquarters, Morristown, Jan. 20, 1777. 
Sir — I take the liberty to propose the establishment of an officer to reside in New 
York, under parole to transmit no intelligence but what belongs to his office — whose 
business it shall be to provide such necessaries for such prisoners as fall into your 
hands. Perhaps the establishment of such an officer with proper credit may put a 
stop to the many complaints which I am daily under the necessity of hearing, some of 
them probably without foundation and others from the want of many things you are 
not obliged to furnish the prisoners. The gentleman whom I would beg leave to 
recommend as a proper agent is Mr. Lewis Pintard, the bearer, a person well known 
in New York and of long established reputation as a considerable merchant. 



Judge Bayard's London Diary of 1795-96. 



[Jan., 




IIAYARD ARMS. 



Commons during the Protectorate of Cromwell, which fills so important 
a niche in the library of the New York Historical Society."* 

In 1S06 Samuel Bayard purchased property at Princeton and removed 
with his family to that, pleasant collegiate town, which continued to be bis 
place of residence for nearly two-score years. During that period gener- 
ous hospitalities were unceasingly extended to 
kinsmen and friends at the annual commence- 
ments as at all other times ; and there are those 
still living who remember Judge Bayard's kind- 
ness while they were students in the seminary or 
college. He was for several years a member of 
the New Jersey Legislature, representing the 
County of Somerset, and for a long period the 
presiding judge of the Court of Common Pleas 
for that county. In 1814 Bayard was nominated 
by the Federalists of his district as their candidate 
for Congress, but was not elected. After the Fed- 
eral party had ceased to exist he took no more 
active interest in political affairs. He was a 
trustee of Princeton College, and for many years treasurer of that institu- 
tion. Bayard was also President of the Board of Trustees of the Theolog- 
ical Seminary as well as one of its founders,! and, like his eminent 
father, he was for a long time a delegate to the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church. He was ever active in promoting the cause of 
religion, and with his kinsman, Elias Boudinot, was one of the founders 
of the American Bible Society, and of the New Jersey Bible Society. He 
also aided, with a generous hand, St. Clement's Episcopal Church, New 
York City, of which his eldest son, the Rev. Lewis Pintard Bayard, was 
for many years the beloved pastor ; and he was for three decades a con- 
stant contributor to several religious periodicals. Among Samuel Bayard's 
separite publications in the speaker's possession may be mentioned : 

1. A Funeral Oration occasioned by the death of Gen. George Wash- 
ington, delivered on the first day of January, 1800, in the Episcopal 
Church at New Rochelle, in the State of New York. 8vo, pp. 24, New 
Brunswick, N. J., 1800. 

2. A Digest of American Cases on the Law of Evidence, intended as 
notes to Peake's Compendium of the Law of Evidence. 8vo, Philadel- 
phia, 1810. 

3. An Abstract of the Laws of the United States, which relate chiefly 
to the Duties and Authority of the Judges of the Superior State Courts and 
the Justices of the Peace throughout the Union. 8vo, New York, 1S34. 

4. Letters on the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. Second edition, 
i8mo, Philadelphia, 1840. This copy contains the following inscription: 
"Mrs. Jane Kirkpatrick, from her truly affectionate brother, the Author. 
Princeton, 19 December, 1839." 

* Old New York, or Reminiscences of the Past Sixty Years. Being an enlarged 
and revised edition of the Anniversary Discourse delivered before the New York 
Historical Society, November 17th, 1S57, by John W. Francis, M.D., LL.D., pp. 
73-74. Svo. New York, 1866. 

f At the first meeting of the Board of Trustees in 1S24 Bayard was elected Vice- 
President, in which office lie continued until elected to the Presidency of the Board 
in 1831. He held this position till his death in 1S40. 



I S92. ] Judge Bayard's London Diary 0/ i^pj-pd. q 

The first edition of the letters, which are unsectarian in character, was 
issued in 1S25, and they were greatly admired by John Jay and other 
pious Episcopalians, and praised by Drs. Alexander, Green and Miller, 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

Judge Bayard, who was well known and universally esteemed and 
respected throughout New Jersey and elsewhere in his native land and in 
England, died at his residence in Princeton, May 12, 1840. Two of his 
children, as has been stated, died in infancy. Of the six who outlived 
him, there is but one survivor,* but he is represented by numerous de- 
scendants, including his granddaughter, Mrs. Edwin A. Stevens, of Castle 
Point. One of his grandsons, General Bayard, of New Jersey, who fell 
on the bloody field of Fredericksburg, won an enviable reputation as 
among the most brilliant cavalry leaders of either side engaged in the war 
of the Rebellion. 

Before proceeding with the extracts from Samuel Bayard's diary, I will 
read a portion of a letter written by him to the Attorney-General of the 
United States, announcing his arrival in England : 

London, Dec. iSth, 1794. 
My Dear Sir, 

A short letter which I wrote to my Brother from Falmouth will have apprised 
yourself and our other friends of our safe arrival in this country. We made no stay 
at our place of landing, but in company with Mr and Mrs Kirtland and Mrs Ed- 
munston. we set out for London in three post-chaises. We took the route of Bath, 
understanding that Mr Jay was there. On our arrival we made inquiry and under- 
stood that Mr Jay was in town. I asked if it was Mr Jay from America. " Yes," 
said my informant, "Mr Jay from America." "But," said I, " the American 
Minister." " Yes, Sir he is a Minister," was the reply, on which I wrote Mr Jay 
a note informing him of my arrival and that I would immediately wait on him if 
agreeable. A servant who took my note inquired for Mr Jay's place of residence but 
soon returned saying he could find no John Jay. that the gentleman in Bath was 
named William, and he was an American and a minister. f Here our inquiries 
terminated, nothing remained but to pursue our journey to London. On our arrival 
here I saw Mr Jay without the least delay. We have every day conversed on the 
subject of the appeals and claims. 

I shall now give a few extracts from Bayard's Journal, with brief com- 
ments or explanations when they appear necessary. The first entry is as 
follows : 

Friday 8th May 1795. Called this morning with Mr. Slade.J on 
Mr. Pinckney § with whom I went to Sir William Scott's || chambers. 
We conferred on the subject of these cases of costs and damages. Agreed 

* Mrs. Caroline B. Dod, widow of Prof. Albert B. Dod, of Princeton College, 
who died at that place November 20, 1845. (She has passed away since this address 
was delivered, at the age of four-score and four, at Hoboken, November 18, 1S91, 
and two days later was buried at Princeton, by the side of her father.) 

f Probably the eminent divine, but not an American, who»e works have held a 
high place in the estimation of the religious world for more than the average duration 
of human life. He died in 1854, aged eighty-five, 

\ Robert Slade, a lawyer employed by Mr. Bayard to aid him in prosecuting 
claims. 

g William Pinckney (1745-1S22), the eminent lawyer, orator and statesman, and 
one of the Commissioners under Jay's treaty. 

|| Sir William Scott (1745-1836), afterwards Lord Stowell, then engaged in the 
American cases. 



IO Judge Bayard's London Diary of 1795-96. [J an -> 

that they should rest until we obtained fuller information in regard to 
them from the United States. In the meantime the claimants are not to 
suffer by delay. In the evening I went to hear the debate [in the House 
of Commons] on the subject of Earl Fitz William's recall. I sent Mr. 
Bradford * an account of the same per the Adriana, Capt. Clapp. 

Thursday 21 Way. Went early to the House of Commons. Orders 
had been received to admit no one until three o'clock. A great crowd 
collected. We were admitted and waited till four. Mr Wilberforce's 
motion to have come on, but it was postponed by the pressure of other 
business. I took a walk through Westminster Abbey, also into West- 
minster Hall, where cases were being tried before Lord Kenyon f and a 
jury. Heard Mr Garrow, Mr Murray and MrErskine \ speak successively 
— Dined with Mr Temple Franklin, § W. Morris and others. 

Elsewhere Mr. Bayard describes Mr. Wilberforce as " a small slender 
man with much sweetness of disposition and apparently real goodness of 
heart : a friend of the ministry, and yet on principle opposed to the war 
with France ; his conversation not graceful or easy but sprightly, enter- 
taining and instructive." Perhaps the highest compliment ever paid by one 
public man to another was this ; when a speaker in the House had sought 
to sneer down Wilberforce as "the honorable and religious gentleman," 
the taunt was replied to in a strain of bitter and wrathful sarcasm — that a 
''British Senate should be required to consider piety a reproach." When 
a member expressed his astonishment at the power of sarcasm then — for 
the first time — used by Wilberforce, Sir Samuel Romilly remarked that it 
illustrated the virtue even more than the genius of Wilberforce, " for who 
but he has ever possessed so formidable a weapon and never used it ? " 
For three decades after Bayard's return to the United States, he had the 
honor of corresponding with Wilberforce, and it is a source of regret to 
his family that all the letters of the last-mentioned have been lost. 

A week later Mr. Bayard attends St. Paul's Cathedral to see six thous- 
and charity children, and to hear them sing anthems, etc. In the evening 
he entertains a large party, including Benjamin West, among the greatest 
of American painters. When they first met at Mr. Jay's London residence, 
the Royal Hotel, Pall Mall, Mr. Bayard says : "Mr. West remarked my 
resemblance to my father, whose portrait he had painted, and mentioned 
his hope of again seeing America." 

Saturday 30th May. On change and at the cockpit [| to-day. Heard 
the argument in the case of the Nancy belonging to Mr Coopman and 
others. The President Lord Mansfield against us, the Master of the Rolls 
with us. 

Friday 19 June. Called on Sir William Scott and conversed with 
him on the subject of American vessels lately brought in. We saw Mr. 
Pitt and other members of the Privy Council on the subject, and it was 
decided that the vessels should be immediately given up. 

* William Bradford (1755-1795), Attorney-General of the United States. 

f Lloyd Kenyon, (1733-1802), Chief-Justice of the King's Bench. 

\ Garrow, Murray, and Thomas Erskine (174S-1S23), eminent lawyers. The 
latter became in 1S06 Lord Chancellor. 

§ William Temple Franklin accompanied his grandfather to France, acting as his 
secretary. He edited Franklin's Works, and died in Paris, May 25, 1823. 

I Not, as might be inferred from the name, a place for fighting cocks, but for 
legal contests in the Admiralty Courts. 



I Sg 2. ] Judge Bayard's London Diary of ijqj—q6- \\ 

Wednesday i July. Dined this day at Clapham with Mr. Wilberforce. * 
Conversed chiefly about the slave trade which has received a fatal blow in 
the West Indies bv the insurrection of the negroes. 

Saturday 4 July. Accompanied Sir William Scott in his carriage to 
Richmond arriving there at noon. We walked up Richmond Hill en- 
joying the fine prospect and strolled along the banks of the Thames. At 
four we dined, Dr Lawrence and other gentlemen present, at eight re- 
turned to London. Dr Bancroft related a story of Dr Franklin and his 
wigmaker at Paris. The fellow having made a wig for the Doctor to 
appear in at court brought it to his lodgings but it was too small. After 
trying some time to make it fit, the Doctor became impatient and said it 
was too small it would not do. "Oh no," replied the Frenchman, 
" the wig is not too small, but your head is too large." 

July 16. Called on Mr Pitt this morning by appointment. At- 
tended the Lords of Appeal. 

Wednesday 16 Sept. This morning a friend called and took me to 
Mr Ireland's, No 8 Norfolk street W. Strand, who has lately been present- 
ed with a copy of some of Shakespeare's manuscripts. I was much in- 
terested with the sight of the play "Vertigern," in the author's own 
handwriting and in his "King Lear," which is materially different in 
several parts from the editions extant. The following also pleased me 
greatly, as they are originals : 

Queen Elizabeth's letter to Shakespeare and his answer. 
Earl Southampton's " " " " " 

Wednesday 23 Sept. I had the pleasure of meeting my friend Dr 
Tate on the Stand to-day at the Doncaster races. The Stand is a large 
house built for the purpose of affording a perfect view of the horses 
around the entire course. You pay half a guinea for the privilege of see- 
ing the races from this place. All the gentry and nobility resort here — the 
mobility of whom I saw several thousand to-day, are on the ground. 

Thursday 29 Oct. This day I went to Westminster to see the parade 
attending the King's meeting Parliament. I had a place very near the 
door where George the Third entered in going to the House of Peers, and 
saw the whole farce distinctly. I was in hopes to hear the King's speech, 

* An undated note in the writer's possession which refers to this or to another 
similar occasion is as follows : 

Dear Sir, 

Will you do me the favor to dine here to-morrow at three o'clock ? The hour 
is fixed so early to enahle a gentleman (Mr Granville Sharpe) to return into the country 
before it is dark. You will excuse me never calling on you. 'Tis mere ceremony: 
which (knowing we are both engaged) we shall both gladly dispense with. 

Your faithful servant. 

YV. Wilberforce. 

I shall be glad of a single line in answer. 
Friday. Addressed Samuel Bayard, Esq., Hatton Garden. 

Granville Sharpe (1734-1S13) instituted the Society for the abolition of the Slave 
Trade and distinguished himself by his zeal in devising measures for the extensive 
distribution of the Bible. He and Bayard became intimate friends. 

f Mr. Bayard refers to the celebrated Ireland forgeries. Vide The Confessions 
of William Henry Ireland, containing the Particulars of his Publication of the Shake- 
speare Manuscripts. Fac-similes and introduction by Richard Grant White, New 
York, 1S74. 



12 J u dg e Bayard's London Diarv of iypj-gd. [Jan., 

but was disappointed by the Marquis of Lansdowne coming to the House 
in time, but a ticket was sent to gain me admittance to the debate next 
evening. 

Friday 30th Oct. I went this morning to hear the debate in the House 
of Peers on the King's speech. Lord Grenville spoke very well, Lord 
Lauderdale was animated as Earl Mansfield was dull, but the Marquis of 
Lansdowne, always full of information, pleased me most of all. 

Monday 16 Nov. Attended the people's meeting to-day and heard the 
Duke of Bedford and also Mr Gray distinctly read the petition. I heard 
Mr Sheridan's speech very plainly. The minds of the people seemed to 
be generally agitated. 

Of another occasion when Bayard heard the eloquent Irishman in the 
House of Commons he says in his diary : " Went to hear Mr Sheridan's 
motion debated for repealing the Act suspending the Habeas Corpus. 
His speech which lasted three hours was elaborate, animated, various. 
Sometimes humorous, pathetic, sentimental, argumentative. Hisvoicewas 
distinctly audible, his enunciation proper, his gestures graceful, in short 
the greatest orator 1 have ever heard. . . . Mr Fox followed with a fine 
speech which made a visible impression on the House. Mr Pitt replied, 
but he did not appear to advantage." 

Monday 30 Nov. Engaged all the morning in closing my dispatches 
for the United States. Attended Mr Proctor's on business. I under- 
stood from Sir William Scott that Lord Grenville concurred in the ar- 
rangement proposed respecting the cases of cost and damage. Went 
this evening to Drury Lane and saw the tragedy of Alexander the Great. 
Mrs Siddons and Kemble perlormec 1 wonderfully. 

Saturday 5 Dec. In the evening went to Merchant's dinner. Very 
elegant and about 150 present : Lords Grenville and Spencer, the Duke 
of Portland, Sir John Sinclair, Mr Dundas, etc., in the company. 
Music played while we dined. After dinner many toasts were drank — 
the King — the Prince of Wales, Mr Jay, the army and navy, etc. I sat 
precisely as last year, between Sir John Sinclair and Mr. Maitland. 

At the dinner referred to, December 17, 1794, Mr Bayard was intro- 
duced by the chairman to William Pitt, Lord Grenville, Sir John Sin- 
clair, Bart., and to William Wilberforce. When Pitt died 1806, Bayard 
in a letter to a friend quoted the well-known last words of his illustrious 
acquaintance. From a poem which appeared recently from the pen of 
Lord Lytton (he died in Paris, Nov. 24, 1891), it appears that Pitt 
did not utter the words attributed to him : 

" Oh England ! Oh my country !" These are not 
The last words spoken by the lips of Pitt ; 
And that's unlucky, for the words have got 

A fine grandiloquence that seems to fit 
Lips so sententious. I've been told that what 

Was really said (but I'll not vouch for it) 
By that great man before death closed his eyes 
Was — " Bring me one of Bellamy's veal pies." 

— Gi.en-Aver.il — or the Metamorphosis. London, 1885. 

Thursday 10 Dec. A large party dined with us to-day ; Mr Adams, 
Mr West, and many others. The party was pleasant. 

Monday, 11 January, 1796. My birthday: 29 years of age. Our 
friends Mr Vandam's family dined with us. The last year of my life has 



1892.] fudge Bayard's London Diary of ijg$-g6. \ a 

passed more usefully to fellow citizens than any previous one. The satis- 
faction of being useful to others is surely the chief aim and happiness of 
life. 

Thursday 14 Jany. Called on Mr Burke. A Mr Cochran here a 
brother of Capt Cochran of the Thetis, man of war. A very sensible 
person. He speaks of General Washington and Lord Cornwallis as the 
two greatest men in the world. 

[I imagine Bayard and Cochran are the only human beings that ever 
ranked Cornwallis with Washington.] 

Thursday 18 Feby. Never did I rise with a sweeter impression on 
my mind than this morning. I have been during a part of the past night 
(in spirit) among my friends in America with Mr Boudinot,* Mr Pintard 
and Mrs Bradford at New Rochelle and with what delight they did 
receive me. 

Monday 22 Feby. This is the President's birthday. After the busi- 
ness of the day, dined at Mr Pinckney's with a large party of Americans. 
Washington's health drank with many happy returns of the day to him. 

Monday 29 Feby. Was this morning at Doctors Commons ; afterwards 
on Change. Dined at Lord Lansdowne's. The service very splendid, 
with seven liveried servants. Mrs Pinckney, Mrs Penn, Mrs Bayard and 
other ladies present. Lord Lansdowne conversed chiefly with Mr Temple 
Franklin, who has just arrived from Paris. Lord L. is a person of very 
extensive information who courts the company of men of intelligence and 
learning. His library is a grand one of more than ten thousand volumes. 
Friday 18 March. Received this day when in the city letters from my 
father, my sister Kirkpatrick, my brother, Miss Bradford and Mr Boudi- 
not. It is impossible to describe the pleasure which these letters gave 
me. The affectionate style of Mr Boudinot's made a very powerful 
impression on us both. 

31 December 1796. Another year closes this day. How eventful it 
has been ! To us it has passed agreeably and brought many comforts 
with it. How grateful we should be to the Giver of every good for His 
continual mercies. 

So concludes Samuel Bayard's London diary, from which, did time 
permit, I should have been glad to give additional extracts. This may 
possibly be done hereafter. It may be added that Bayard and his asso- 
ciates obtained from the British government, for losses sustained by 
Americans from illegal and unauthorized captures of their ships on the 
high seas by English cruiser.-, the sum of $10, 345,000. 

* Elias Boudinot, 1740-1S21, Commissary General of the Revolutionary Army, 
and Lewis Pintard, who acted as his deputy, married sisters of Richard Stockton, of 
New Jersey. Boudinot was President of Congress in 1782, and the first President of 
the American Bible Society. He was deeply attached to Colonel Bayard and to his 
son Samuel. In the last conversation the distinguished philanthropist had with the 
subject of this paper, he said very solemnly : " I commit to your care, my dear 
Bayard, my beloved and only daughter." And his last whispered words before he 
passed away were: "Take care of my daughter." She survived her husband. 
William Bradford, fifty-eight years, her father, Dr. Boudinot. thirty-two years, and 
her friend, Samuel Bayard, thirteen years, dying at Burlington, November 30, 
1S54, when far advanced in her ninetieth year, and preserving almost to the last 
unimpaired powers and unabated loveliness of spirit. 



I i J"<fge Bayard's London Diary of ijgj-96. [Jan., 

His eldest son's biographer says: 

" The Hon. Samuel Bayard whose talents and virtues will long be 
remembered, not only in the world in which he filled many official sta- 
tions, most honorably, but also in that large and respectable body of 
Christians in which he was a zealous, devoted and efficient member, was 
sent by the United States government to England, residing in London 
during a period of four years." * 

To have known Washington, Franklin — who died one hundred years 
ago to-day — Hamilton, Jay, and John Adams, and frequently to have 
seen George the Third and his Cabinet Ministers who were opposed to 
those great men in the Revolutionary struggle ; to have been well 
acquainted with many of the American generals engaged in that conflict, 
and with their antagonists Lord Cornwallis, Sir Henry Clinton, and Col. 
Tarleton ; to have been on terms of intimacy with six of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence ; and to have known Lords Eldon, Mans- 
field and Stowell, Burke and Barre, Fox and Pitt, Sheridan, VVilberforce, 
and Warren Hastings, is certainly a very remarkable record for a young 
American of thirty. This was doubtless owing in good part, at home, to 
his birth and family connections, and abroad, to his official position, but 
much more to his own charming character. His country and this society 
should certainly cherish the memory of Samuel Bayard, and of his 
patriotic father, Col. John Bayard. They were beautiful Christian 
characters, who, in the words of the poet Wordsworth, left behind them 
" trailing clouds of glory. " 

" Through such souls alone, 
God, stooping, shows sufficient of His Light 
For us i' the dark to rise by." 

* Memorial of the Rev. Lewis Pintard Bayard, D.D., New York, 1841. An 
elegant tablet in St. Clement's Church, New York City, erected by his sorrowing 
congregation, records that he was — 

" A native of New Jersey : 

The first Rector, and for ten years the faithful Minister of this Church. 

I lied September 2d, A. 1>., 1840, 

On his homeward passage from Jerusalem, 

At the Island of Malta", 

Where his remains were deposited, 

In the 50th year of his age, 

And the 29th of his Ministry." 

Dr. Bayard was also for seven years (1813-1820) Rector of Trinity Church, New- 
ark, New Jersey. 



Asior American Ancestry. 



ASTOR AMERICAN ANCESTRY. 



'5 



By Richard H. Greene. A.M., LL. B. 



The very interesting paper in the Jul)' number of the Record on John 
Jacob Astor and his American ancestry, while full of beautiful periods 
and instructive incidents connected with the first and third of the name, 
does not give all that might be said relative to the American ancestry, 
which the title encourages us to expect. 

The first John Jacob Asior being the first of his line to emigrate, no 
earlier American ancestor will be sought in the paternal line, but we are 
able to throw a little light on the maternal line. 

The foot-note is erroneous which states that the wife of the founder of 
this family was Sarah Todd, daughter of Adam and Margaret (Dodge) 
Todd ; that Sarah never married, and died in this city Aug. 26, 1869, aet. 
90 years, S months, and 17 days. Mrs. Astor was daughter of Adam and 
Sarah (Cox) Todd, and sister of Adam Todd, who married Margaret 
Dodge. 

The first Adam Todd came to America from Scotland late in the 
seventeenth century or early in the eighteenth century, and died in New 
York City about 1769. He may have brought a wife with him or married 
after his arrival ; this wife was living in 1736, the year of the birth of his 
daughter Margaret. He was afterwards married at New York, Aug. 8, 
1744, to Sarah Cox, who was born in Delaware about 1716, died in 1801, 
aet. 85, and was buried in St. Paul's churchyard, Broadway, New York. 
Her mother, Ann (whose maiden name I have sometimes thought was 
Haldron), afterwards married William Sloo ; she was born at Newcastle, 
Del., March, 1677, and died ft New York, Sept. 7, 1785, aged 108 
years and 6 months. I find Richard Cox and wife Ann had twins, John 
and Maria, baptized in New York, Jan. 9, 17 15, and would be glad to 
know if this is the same Ann. 

Adam and Sarah Todd lived in what was afterwards Queen and since 
Pearl Street, above Franklin Square ; the lot ran through to Cherry 
Street since that street was opened, but originally was on the bank of the 
East River, and the garden extended to the water. Mr. Todd purchased 
this realty in 1762. Vide Liber 510 of Conveyances, N. Y. Register's 
office, pages 208-211, briefly copied in the Todd genealogy on page 12. 
He resided in this city until his death which occurred in 1769. His 
children were : 

I. Margaret Todd, born 1736, married Sept. 6, 1756, Capt. Wm. 
Whetten. 

II. Adam Todd, Jr., born June 2, 1746, m. Margaret Dodge. 

III. James Todd, born about 1747, died young, never married. 

IV. Sarah Todd, born about 1762, m. 1785, d. 1834 in her 73d year. 
This last, the youngest, brought to her husband, the first John Jacob 

Astor, some property on their marriage, and her mother, then a widow, 
invited him to make his home at her house ; she also gave him a room 
on the lower floor where he opened his first store. He lived there for 
some years and advertised from there as early as May, 17S6. Here is an 
advertisement copied from the N. Y. Daily Advertiser of Jan. 2, 1789 : 
" John Jacob Astor at 81 Queen St. next door but one to the Friends 



1 6 As/or American Ancestry. [Jan., 

Meeting House has for sale an assortment of piano fortes of the newest 
construction, made by the best makers in London, which he will sell at 
reasonable terms. He gives cash for all kinds of furs, and has for sale a 
lot of Canada beaver, and beaver coating raccoon skins, etc." 

Mrs. Astor is said to have been quite a business woman herself, and 
it was she who found the Chinaman and dressed him as a Mandarin, on 
account of whom President Jefferson was induced to permit Astor's vessel, 
the Beaver, to pass the blockade. That voyage netted them, it is said, 
$200,000. 

Mrs. Astor was a good woman, very fond of reading books of a reli- 
gious nature, her especial favorite being Doddridge's " Rise and Progress," 
next to her Bible, which she read daily. During the last two years of her 
life she used a copy of the Bible printed in large type. This Bible her 
daughter Eliza, who had married Count Vincent Rumpff, asked that she 
might have, giving as her reason for the request, that it was the one 
article which seemed identified with her mother. Such testimony is a 
biography in itself. 

It was sent to her after her mother's death, and her beautiful Christian 
life may be traced to her mother's Bible. 

Bv this it appears that Adam Todd, who married Margaret Dodge, 
named as the parent of Mrs. Astor by Dr. Dix, was her own brother, and 
the only brother who survived to rear a family ; and further, that she 
(Sarah Todd Astor) was the only daughter by the marriage with Sarah 
Cox. 

Margaret Dodge, just alluded to, was a descendant of Tristram 
Dodge, an original proprietor of Block Island, who came from Taunton, 
Eng., April, 1661. He died before Feb., 1725, leaving four sons, of 
whom William Dodge, born in 'England, admitted freeman with his 
father, July, 1670, married Sarah, daughter of Peter and Mary George. 
Their son Samuel, born Sept. 19, 1691, removed to Cow Neck, L. J., 
with his wife Elizabeth. In his will, proved 1766, he gives lot (91), 
Queen Street, New York, to his son Jeremiah, and the adjoining lot to 
his son Samuel. 

Jeremiah Dodge, of Cow Neck, married Margaret Vanderbilt. In 
their house in 1745 prayer meetings were held which resulted in the 
organization of the First Baptist Church of New York. They hired a 
rigging loft in William Street in 1753, bought a lot in John Street in 
1760. Jeremiah Dodge and Margaret his wife, Dr. Robt. North, who 
married his sister Mary Dodge, and his brother Samuel Dodge, were the 
first members of the Golden Hill Baptist Church. Jeremiah died July, 
1803, aged 84, and Margaret, his wife, April, 1808, aged 89. They had 
seven children : 

I. John, the eldest, married three times and had sixteen children. 

II. Elbabeth ; married William Hallock, of Baltimore. 

III. Margaret ; born July 23, 1745 ; married Adam Todd ; died Apl., 
1823, in her 78th year. 

IV. Marcia ; married Mr. Andre and second Major Stoddard, who 
built the U. S. frigate Constellation, in 1797. 

V. Mary ; born June 17, 1753 ; died Oct. 21, 1755. 

VI. Jeremiah; born Oct. 15, 1755 ; married Sarah Frost and had six- 
children. 

VII. Samuel ; born Aug. 9, 1758 ; married Ann Stansbury, of Btlti- 



1892-] Astor American Ancestry. jy 

more, where he was U. S. Collector of Customs. He was an officer in 
the second reg. N. Y. Continentals during the war, and member of the 
Society of the Cincinnati. 

The descent of Margaret Vanderbilt Dodge was from Aert from the 
Bilt, a village in Utrecht, whose son, Jan Aertsen, emigrated to America 
as early as 1650. Married first, Anneken Hendricks, from Bergen, Nor- 
way ; second, Dierber Cornells ; and third, Magdelina Hanse, widow. 
Jacob Jansen Vanderbilt, a child by the second wife, married Aug. 13, 
1687, Margaretje, daughter of Derick Janse Vandervliet, widow of Andries 
Onderdonck, and daughter of Dirk, who was son of Jan, probably from 
Vliet in south of Holland, and emigrated from Waal, Netherlands/ 1660. 
Jacob and Margaret (Vandervliet) Vanderbilt had Jan. of Hempstead and 

Flatbush, who married Margaret , and had Margaret Vanderbilt, 

born Oct., 1718, married Oct. 6, 1737, Jeremiah Dodge. 

The descendants of Adam Todd, 2d, are the only living kindred or 
relations of the whole blood of Mrs. Astor. His children who left issue 
were : 

I. Adam ; whose only daughter married John M. Bruce. 

II. Margaret; who married John Tiebout, a well-known printer and 
bookseller in this city in his dav. 

III. William W. Todd ; and 

IV. James Hallock Todd. 

Much might also be added relative to the American ancestry of Col. 
and Bvt. Brig. -Gen. John J. Astor, whose father, Wm. Backhouse Astor, 
married Margaret Rebecca, sixth daughter and ninth child of Gen. John 
Armstrong, who married Alida, sister of the Chancellor and daughter of 
Robert Livingston, who was son of the Scotch emigrant, Robert Living- 
ston, who married Alida, daughter of Philip Schuyler and widow of Rev. 
Nicholas Van Rensselaer. 

Magdalen Astor married first, Gov. Bentzen, a Dane ; second, Rev. 
John Bristed, an Englishman. Charles Astor Bristed (Carl Benson), her 
only son to survive, had thus no American ancestry except in the Todd 
line ; his first wife, Laura Whetten, second daughter of Henry Brevoort, 
was a granddaughter of Sarah Whetten and great granddaughter of Mrs. 
Astor's half sister ; and his second wife, Grace Ashburner Sedgwick, was 
first cousin to Mrs. Wm. Ellery Sedgwick, another daughter of the before- 
mentioned Henry Brevoort, and also first cousin once removed to Rod- 
erick Sedgwick, who married Margaret, daughter of Stuart Dean and 
Margaret Todd, half-sister as aforesaid. 

Dorothea Astor married Walter Langdon, a grandson of Judge John 
Langdon, of New Hampshire, who equipped Stark's regiment for the 
Bennington fight. He was member of Conatress, and afterwards twelve 
years U. S. senator, of which body he was president pro tempore at Wash- 
ington's first inauguration as President of the United States. 

Emily Astor, daughter of William B., married Samuel Ward, brother 
of lulia Ward Howe, and uncle of Marion Crawford, who depicted him 
as Mr. Billingham in his "Dr. Claudius ;" through him their daughter's 
children are descended from Samuel Ward and William Greene, two 
governors of Rhode Island. 



1 8 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Ktiv York. [Jan. 



RECORDS OF THE REFORMED DUTCH CHURCH IN THE 
CITY OF NEW YORK.— Baptisms. 



(Continued from Vol. XXII., p. 190, of The Re 



A° I736. OUDERS. KINDERS. 

Maert 24. Jac ob u s Montanje, Thomas. 
Maria Pel. 

28. Abraham Marschalk, Abraham. 
Maria Sebring. 

Johan Jdrrich Willem. 

Backus, Elisabet 

Wys. 
31. Joseph De Voe, Sara Arent. 

Blom. 
Andries Myer, Helena. 

Junior, Susanna 

Macphedriks. 
Alexander Phenix, Daniel. 

Elisabet Burger. 

[539-] 
April 4. Johannes Roorbach, Sophia. 
Sophia Graiiw. 
Johannes Cregi e r, Johannes. 
Antje Noxon. 



Jan Gashere, Maria Joseph. 

Haasbrouck. 
Hendrik Pouwelse, Elisabet. 

Susanna Bedlo. 

7. Gideon Lynsen, Jan- Hester, 
netje Herris. 

14. Bernardus H arsin, Gerrit. 
Sara Meyer. 
Isaak Bradt, Magda- Magdalena. 
lena Smith. 

i8. Johannes Hyer, Antje. 
Elisabet Van Dyk. 

21. Willem Bruyn, An- Willem. 
natje Borris. 

May 2. Frans Bratt, Vroi'itje Frans. 
Myer. 



GETUYGEN. 

Samuel Pel, Debora Pel, 
h. v. van P i e t e r 
Smit. 

Thomas Verdon, 
Ariaantje Sebring, s. 
h. v. 

Willem Carolius, Maria 
Backus, h. v. Jacob 
Miller. 

Pieter Bandt, Hester De 
Voe, syn h. v. 

Andries Myer & Helena 
Janssen, Wed : v. Jo- 
hannes Macphedriks. 

Daniel Burger, Marytje 
Phenix, j. d. 

Johannes Reypel, Catha- 

rina Aschooph, synh.v. 
Johannes Vreelandt, 

Margrietje Van Dalsen, 

h. v. van M a r t i n u s 

Cregier. 
Nicolaas Antony, Hester 

Roome, syn h. v. 
Johannes Tiboiit, Elisa- 
bet Marschalk, h. v. 

van David Schuyler. 
Abraham Lynsen, Hester 

Lynsen, h. v. van 

Henry Lauwrens. 
Gerrit Harsin, Engeltje 

Burger, syn h. v. 
Barent Bradt, Rachel 

Beekman, Wed. van 

John Woodstede. 
Frederik Hyer, j. m., 

Annetje Roome, h. 

van Gerrit Hyer. 
Jan Ariansen, Apolonia 

Van A r n a m , h. v. 

van Jan Ellen. 
Isaak Bratt, Diewertje 

Wessels, Wed'. van 

Isaak Bratt. 



i?9 2 -] Records of the Reformed Dulch Church in New York. jq 



Jliny 



1736. 


OUDERS. 


KINDERS. 


9- 


Matthys Ot, Maria 
Philibina. 


Anna Maria. 




Jacob Ryke, Catha- 


Samuel. 




rina Pommery. 




12. 


Johannes Liiwes, 
Elisabet Caar. 


Annetje. 


16. 


Abraham A a 1 s t y n, 
J ii ni or; Elisabet 
Blom. 


Maria. 


19. 


Abraham Van 
Arnhem, Maria 
Van Heyningen. 


Jan. 


23- 


Abraham Blank, 
Maria Laiiwrens. 


Susanna. 




Richard Jamisson, 


Elisabet. 




Helena Ryke. 






Johannes Van Vorut, 


Daniel. 




Elisabet Bei^kelo. 
Pieter B r u w e r , 






Petrus. 




Elisabet Qiiakken- 






bosch. 




28. 


Walther de Grauw, 
Maria de Lamare. 


Maria. 




F r arc i s IManny, 


Petrus. 




Hanna Kip. 




3°- 


Pier Van Deurzen, 
Maria Hildreth. 


Benjamin. 


3. 


Liiwis Tiboe, Marytje 
Vile. 


Liiwis. 




Frederyk V. Cortland, 


Anna Maria. 




Erancina Yay. 




'3- 


Gerrit Woiiters. Jan- 
netje Van d r Beek. 


Adriaantje. 




M y n d e'r t Schuiler, 


Annatje. 




Elisabeth Wessels. 






David Abeel, Maria 


Cathalina. 




Duiking. 





L540.J 



H u ii g h Cranford, Aafje. 
Aafje Van Gelder. 
20. Johannes Pietersse, Catharina. 
Catharina Haver. 



GETUYGEN. 

Philip Smir, Anna Maria 

Ernstyn, h. v. van 

Willem Altgelt. 
H e n d r i k Ryke, Mar- 

grietje Van Keiiren, 

j. d. 
Willem Caar, Annetje 

Caar, h. v. v., Isaak 

Chardovine. 
Jacob Blom, Margrietje 

Blom, h. v. van Petrus 

Kip. 
Jan Eckerson, Sara 

Eckerson, Wed. van 

Abraham Van Arnhem. 
Abraham Blank, Junior, 

Maria Hikman, Wed. 

Van Champin. 
Hendrik Ryke, Sara h. 

v. van N i c o 1 a a s 

Andriessen. 
Daniel Waldron, Maria 

Pels, syn h. v. 
Jacob B r o u \v e r , Maria 

Lanoy, syn h. v. 

Gerrit Heyer, Sara Post, 

z. h. v. 
Daniel Myner, Immetje 

Van Dyk, h. v. van 

Petrtis Kip. 
Benjamin Hildreth, Eytje 

Bret, z. h. v. 
Aarnouwt Vile, Sara Vile, 

j-d. 
Peter Vallet, Maria Yay, 

z. h. v. 
Jan de La M o n t a g n e , 

Adriaantje de Voor. 
Hermanniis Schuiler, 

Debora Wessels, h. v. 

Andries Brestede. 
Johan Stoiitenburg, Jo- 
hanna v. Briig, h. v. 

v. Gerards Duiking. 



Gerrit Van Gelder, 

Neeltje Onkebag. 
Pieter Snyder, Elisabeth 
Lot, z. h. v. 



2o Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [Jan., 



A° 1736. OUDERS. 

Johannes Van Gelder, 

Sara Van Deiirsen. 
Dirk Volkersse, 

Geesje Van Diiin. 
23. D° Henricus Bael, 

E 1 s e b e t h Van 

Home. 



George Hollet, Per- 
cilla Ellin. 
July 4. Adam Koning, Maria 
Spier. 

Jiiny 30. Willem Gilbert, Maria 
Van Zant. 
Cornells^ Tarp, 
Aplonia U i t d e n 
Bogart. 
July 11. Isaac Stoutenburg, 
Anneke Daely. 
14. Hendrik Van Nes, 
Johanna Berk. 

Abraham Lynsse, 
Catharina Rutgers. 
Johannes Rome, Su- 
sanna Le Shavel- 
jere. 
18. Philippus Jong, Eva 
Tyssen. 

Frederik Bekker, 
Catharina Senger. 
28. Pieter Loojze, Antje 
Andriesse. 



HINDERS. 

Sara. 

Denys. 

Hester, 
geboren den 
15 Juny, ge- 
storven den 
19 Feb : 

1737- 
Richard. 

Benjamin. 



Elisabeth. 
Daniel. 

Cornelia. 
Johannes. 

Antony. 
Elisabeth. 

Philippus. 

Catharina. 



GETUYGEN. 



Jan. 



August 4. Henriciis Meyer, Henricus. 
Jiin', Maria Gou- 
verneiir. 
8. Cornelius Van Home, Augustus. 
Judith Jay. 
Jacob Van Deiirsen, Abraham. 
Helena Van Deiir- 
sen. 
Albartus T i b oiiwt , Maria. 
Cornelia Bogart. 
18. Dirk Alberse, Re- Dirk. 
becca de Groof. 



Reynier Burger, Tanneke 
Van Gelder, j. d. 

Isaac Chardevyn, Annatje 
Kaar, z. h. v. 

Wynant Van Zant, Catha- 
rina Ten Evk, z. h. v. 



Andries Van A 1 b a d i , 
Ammy Andriesse, j. d. 

Benjamin Jarves, Elisa- 
beth Koning, h. v. v. 
George Parker. 

Joseph Waldron, Aafje 
Ellaken, z. h. v. 

Johannes Paiilsze, Caatje 
P a a 1 d i n g , h. v. v. 
Gysbert Bogart. 

Pieter Stoutenburg, Mar- 
grietje Varik, z. h. v. 

D° Gualtheriis du Bois, 
Catlyntje Groesbeek, 
h. v. v. Jan Van Nes. 

Charles Crook, Anneke 
Rutgers, z. h. v. 

Nicolas Antony, Maria 
Rome, j. d. 

Philip Melsbag, Elisabeth 

Haan, h. v. v. Frans 

Walter. 
Jan Vredenbiirg, Junior, 

Maria Mauling, j. d. 
Caspariis Blank, Engeltje 

Van de Water, h. v. v. 

Adriaan Hoogland. 
Henricus Meyer, Wyntje 

Reys, z. h. v. 

Augustus Jay, Anna 
Maria Bayard. 

Johannes Paulsze, Catha- 
rina Van Deiirsen. 

Joh s Tibouwt, Maria 

Tiboiiwt, j. d. 
Joost Goederiis, Maria 

de Groof, Wed. v. 

Andruw Bisset. 



1892.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 2 I 



A„ 1736 


OUDERS. 


KINDERS. 


22 


Cornells Ewitse, Maria 
Polhemus. 


Jovis. 




Hermanus Schuyler, 


Elsje. 




Jannetje Banker. 




27. 


Cornells Van Gelder, 
Elisabet Mesier. 


Cornells. 


[541.] 






29. 


Simson Bensen, 
Catharina Peek. 


Dirk. 




Daniel Waldron, 


Daniel. 




Maria Pels. 






Petrds Rutgers, 


Catharina. 




Helena Hoogland. 






Francis M e s n a r d , 


Francis. 



Aaltje Van Deiirs- 
sen. 

Johannes Van Orden, Wolfert. 
Ariaantje Webbers. 

Gysbert Van Detirs- Jannetje, 

sen, Annetje Ten Tryntje, 

Broek. tweelinger. 



Sepr. 5. Philip Srait, Anna Maria Elisa- 
Catharina Jermoet. bet. 

Hermanus Aalstyn, Joris. 
Jannetje Willes. 

12. Abel Hardenbroek, Theophilus. 
Annetje Elsworth. 

15. Stephanus B ay ard , Vetch. 
Alida Vetch. 



Johannes Minthorn, Jannetje. 

Jannetje Elsworth. 
Johannes R o s , Vry Johannes. 

Catharina H o m - 

merich. 
Caspariis Blank, Mar- Cornells. 

ritje Andriesse. 
James Tucker, Maria Thomas. 

Woertendyk. 



GETUYGEN. 

Petrtis Ewitse, Catharina 
Bergen, z. h. v. 

Myndert Schuyler, Cor- 
nelia Rutgers. 

Isaak Van Gelder, Elisa- 
bet Van Gelder, h. v. 
van Johannes Boeken- 
hoven. 



Johannes Peek, Elisabet 

Redly Wed" van Dirk 

Bensen. 
Johannes Tevo, Bregje 

Pels, syn h. v. 
Harmanus Rutgers, Jun 1 ", 

Elsje Rutgers, j. d. 
Gysbert Van Deiirssen, 

Helena Van Deiirssen, 

h. v. van Jacob Van 

Deiirssen. 
Jacob Webbers, Hester 

Van Orden. 
Johannes Paultisz, Jun r , 

Tryntje Van Deiirssen, 

s. h. v. Johannes Ten 

Broek, Maria Ten 

Broek. Wed e van 

Charles Philips. 
Pieter Clover, Maria 

Elisabeth, v. van 

Daniel Smit. 
Abraham Aalstyn & 

Annetje Coiincelje, h. 

v. van George Willes. 
Gabriel Crook, Anna 

Maria Hardenbroek, 

syn h. v. 
Gilbert Livingston, 

Catharina Van Briig, 

h. v. van P h i 1 i p p u s 

Livingston. 
Philippiis Mint h or n , 

Antje Rol, syn h. v. 
Matthys Ot, Maria Elisa- 
bet h. v. van Daniel 

Smith. 
Henry Stanton, Elisabet 

Blank, j. d. 
Richard Kip, Maria Ellis, 

syn h. v. 



22 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [Jan., 



A' 1736. OUDERS. KINDERS. 

Abraham Egt, Catha- Elisabet. 
rina Bensen. 

Abraham Kip. Sara Jacobiis. 
Vis. 

22. Rynier Burger, Dina Anneke. 
Van Gelder. 
Richard Pero, Geertje RacheL 
Hoppe. 
26. Johannes Dally, Mar- Margrietje. 
grietje Van Sys. 
David Provoost, Jo- Willem. 
hanna Reynders. 
29. Thomas Sickels, Jun r , Thomas. 
Anna Webly. 
Simon Van S y s e , Debora. 
Geertriiy Pel. 

Cornelis F 1 a m e n , Gerbrant. 

Aaltje Gerbrants. 
Oct. 3. Mattheus Van Maria. 

Aalstyn, Sara 

Lynch. 
Cornelis Cortrecht, Maria. 

Hester Canon. 



GETUVGEN. 

Frederik Fyn, Elisabet 

Redlif Wed e van Dirk 

Bensen. 
Jacobus Kierstede, 

Rachel Kip, Wed e van 

Lucas Kierstede. 
Carsten Burger, Anneke 

Van Gelder, j. d. 
Andries Hoppe, Elisabet 

Bras, syn h. v. 
Isaac Stoiitenburg, Cor- 
nelia Dally, j. d. 
N i c o 1 a a s Gouverneur, 

Alida Reynders, j d. 
Johannes Sickels, Anna 

Sickels, j. d. 
Pieter de Milt, Johanna 

Pel, h. v. van Willem 

Bogardt. 
Dirk Ten Eyck, Aafje 

Ten Eyck, j. d. 
Abraham Van Aalstyn, 

Maria Lynch, j. d. 

Jan G o e 1 e t , Jannetje 
Canon, syn h. v. 



[542.] 



6. Abraham Parcel, Jan- Marytje. 

netje Van Ieveren. 
10. Jacobus Davi, Maria Timotheus. 

Tilly. 

Johannes Van Syse, Magdalena. 
Engeltje Appel. 

Steenwyk de Riemer, Nicolaas. 
Catharina Roose- 
velt. 
13. John Dobbs, Annatje Anna. 
Nieuwkerk. 

20. Perhemeles Green, Thomas. 
Maria Ellin. 
Francis Childe, Cor- Geertriiyda. 
nelia Viele. 



Joris Lam, Hendrikje Immetje. 
Myer. 



Henry Braisier, Abigael 
Parcel, syn h. v. 

J o s u a h Karo, Elisabet 
Tilly, j. d. 

Pieter' de Milt, Marytje 
Wilkesen, h. v. v. Jo- 
hannes Appel. 

John Roosevelt, Heyltje 
Sjoert, syn h. v. 

Henricus Brestede, 
Marytje Breestede, syn 
h. v. 

Pieter de Groof, Rebecca 
Goederus, syn h. v. 

Abraham Abramse, Geer- 
tiiyda Van Kinswelder, 
Wed : van Harmanus 
Winkelaar. 

Alexander Lam, Chris- 
tina Lent, h. v. van 
Johannes Lam. 



1892.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in A'av Fori. 



A° 1736. 



D e n i a s Golfin, Re- 
becca Winter. 



Nov. 



27. Harmaniis Stymets, 
Elsje Heerman. 
Lucas Kierstede, 
Marytje Rvkman. 

31. Harmaniis Rutgers, 
Elisabet Bensen. 
3. Frederik Fyn, Rachel 
Bensen. 



KINDERS. 

Geertriiyda. 

Elsje. 
Lucas. 

Cornelia. 
Dirck. 



Dec. 



Lancaster Symes, Elisabet. 

Margareta Johanna 

Lydius. 
10. Elias Burger, Su- Maria. 

sanna Witman. 
Jacob Abrahamse, Andries. 

Magdalena Lispe- 

nard. 

14. Nicolaas Bayard, Nicolaas. 
Elsebet Reynders. 



Jacob Scheerman, Evert. 

Neeltje Messeker. 
17. Gerrit Van Wagenen, Henricus. 

Theuntje Vanden 

Bergh. 
21. Jan Stoutenbiirg, Hendrica. 

Hendrika Diiyc- 

kink. 
26. Jan Willems, Jan- Maria. 

netje Van de Water. 
28. Aarnoiit W eb b e rs, Hillegonda. 

Sara Minthorn. 
Pieter Bandt, Senior, Margrietje. 

Hester de Voe. 

3. Johannes Ca vel ie r, Johannes. 

Ca t al y n t j e An- 

driesse. 
8. Pieter Canon, Wil- Maria. 

lemyntje Schermer- 

hoorn. 
12. Pi e t e r Vliereboom, Christina. 

Jannetje Vander 

Voort. 



GETUYGEN. 

Isaac Carsten, Geesje 
Vanden Berg, h. v. v. 
Henry Rendel. 

Walter Heyer, Vroiiwtje 
Heyer, j. d. 

Samuel Kip, Rachel Kip, 
Wed e . van Lucas Kier- 
stede. 

Robert Bensen, j. m., 
Cornelia Rutgers, j- d. 

Jan Bensen, Tryntje Ben- 
sen, h. v. van Abraham 
Echt. 

Jacob Rooseboom, Geer- 
truy Isabella Lydius, 
syn h. v. 

Jons Brinkerhof, Eliza- 
beth Byvanck, syn h. v. 

Abraham Abrahamse, 
Jacomyntje Wanshaar, 
Wed e . van Andries 
Abrahamse. 

Samuel Bayard, Junior, 
Geerturyd Reynders, 
h. v. van Nicolaas 
Gouverneur. 

Samuel Jacobs, Jannetje 
More, syn h. v. 

Brandt Schuyler, Elisabet 
Staats, Wed e . van Philip 
Schuyler. 

Gerardus Diiyckink, 
Tryntje Stoutenbiirg, 
s. Dochter. 

Albertiis Van de Water, 
Marytje Willems, j. d. 

Philip Minthorn, Annatje 
Ral, syn h. v. 

Willem Bandt, Margrietje 
K a 1 j e r , h. v. van 
Daniel de Voe. 

Pieter Stoutenbiirgh, Mar- 
grietje Varik, syn h. v. 

Cornelis Cortrecht, Hester 
Canon, syn h. v. 

Matthys Vliereboom, 
Christina Schamp, h. 
v. van Cornelis Vander- 
hoef. 



24 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [Jan., 



A° 1736. OUDERS. 

19. Johannes Groesbeek, 
Annatje Bayearix. 
Evert Byvank, Maria 
Canon. 



[543-] 



Abraham Boke, Re- 
becca Peers. 

Cornells Van Ranst, 
Geertruy Sebring. 

Daniel Gaiitier, Maria 
Bogaardt. 



Jan. 2. Johannes Rerami, 
Christina Corcelius. 



Nicolaas Antony, 

Hester Roome. 
5. F r e d e r i k Blom, 

Apolonia Vreden- 

biirg. 
Cornells Turk, Catha- 

rina V. Til burg. 
Jan Oothout, Cat- 

lyntje Van Deurs- 

sen. 
9. Abraham Van Home 

J a n s z , Catharina 

Rutgers. 

Hendrik Rutgers, 
Catharina de Pey- 
ster. 
12. Christoffel Bancker, 
E 1 i s a b e t Hoog- 
landt. 

Johannes Poel, Sara 

Wilkes. 
George Fielding, 

Catharina Rpose- 

boom. 

19. Willem Vredenburgh, 
Willemyntje Nak. 

26. Gerardiis Diiyckink, 
Johanna Van Briig. 



KINDERS. 

Catharina. 
Petrus. 

Sara. 

Johannes. 

Elisabet. 



1737- 
Johannes. 



Engeltje. 
Annatje. 

Belitje. 
Margrietje. 

Abraham. 

Anna. 
Willem. 



GETUYGEN. 

Jeremias Van Renselaar, 
Susanna Boudinot, j. d. 

Jan Canon, Junior, Elisa- 
bet Byvank, h. v. van 
Joris Brinkerhof. 

Johannes Peers, Maria 

Tiboiit, syn h. v. 
Johannes Sebring, Rachel 

Bon, syn h. v. 
Willem Bogaardt, Senior, 

Annatje Pel, h. v. van 

Willem Bogaardt, 

Junior. 

Johannes Pieter Cambel, 
Coenradina Maner- 
bach, h. v. van Joh s . 
Snoek. 

Allard Antony, Susanna 
Lad wrier, syn h. v. 

Johannes Vredenbiirg, 
Margrietje Blom, h. v. 
van Petrus Kip. 

Johannes Graaf, Neeltje 
Turk, j. d. 

Folkert Oothout, Catha- 
rina Ridder, syn h. v. 

Jacobus Van Home, 
Catharina Van Home, 
h. v. van John Macke- 
vers. 

Abraham Boelen, Elisa- 
bet de Peyster, syn h. v. 



D'. Wilhelmiis Beekman, 

Elisabet Van Taarling, 

h. v. van Ad r i a a n 

Banker. 
Margrietje. Jan Van Pelt, Hillegond 

Boekenhoven, syn h. v. 
Debora. Willem Rooseboom, 

Elisabet Rooseboom, 

Wed e . van Willem Van 

Deiirssen. 
Willemyntje. Frederik Blom, A lid a 

Nak, j. d. 
David. Jan Stoiitenbiirg, Hen- 

derica Duyckink, syn 

h. v. 



1892.] Records of Ihe Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 



25 



A' 1737. 



Feb. 



[544. 



27. 



OUDERS. 

Jasper Farmer, An- 
natje Miller. 

Johannes Van Deiirs- 
sen, Geertje Min- 
thorn. 

Theunis Tiboiit, Ju- 
nior, Sara Drink- 
water. 

Henry Braisier, Abi- 
srael Parcel. 



Jacobus Stoiiten- 
burg, Maria Turk. 

Johannes Appel, 
Maria Wilkes. 

Hendrik Ten Broek, 

Marytje Blank. 
Richard La n g d o n , 

Anna Ciiyler. 
John Teljoii, Maria 

Van Gelder. 
Abraham Ten Eyk, 

Jesyntje Berkelo. 
David Schot, Claasje 

Bensen. 

Gerard Beekman, 
Catharina Provoost. 

J o h s . Abrahamssze 
Elisabeth Bosch. 



Maert 6. Johan Frans Walther, 
Maria Lies Haan. 
13. Johan Willem Alt- 
geld, Anna Maria 
Erensteyn. 
9. Willem T>eek, Fem- 
metje Doiiwe. 

16. Adriaan Straat, 
Geertje Caspar. 

20. Baluis H ei e r, Sara 

Burger. 
Petnis de Milt, Fem- 

melje Valentyn. 
23. Joh s . Hansse, Teiintje 

Dykman. 



KINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Pieter. Paukis Miller, Eva Oiike, 

Wed. van Pieter Miller. 
Elisabet. Jacobus Man, Elisabet 

Van Deurssen, h. v. v. 

Jan Man. 
Antje. Johannes Ten Eyk, Antje 

Drinkwater, syn h. v. 

Abigael. Steenwyk de Riemer, 

Jannetje Van Jevere, 
h. v. van Abraham 
Parcel. 

Neeltje. Isaac Stoutenburg, An- 

neke Daly, syn h. v. 

Magdalena. Jan W i 1 k es , Engeltje 
Appel, h. v. van Jo- 
hannes Van Syse. 

Caatje. Johannes Blank, Caatje 

Blank, j. d. 

Anna. Henry C u y 1 e r , Maria 

Cuyler, j. d. 

Catharina. G e r r i t Van Gelder, 
Hanna Qiiik, syn h. v. 

Maria. Coenraad Ten Eyk, 

Aafje Ten Eyk, j. d. 

Alexander. John Man, Senior, Catha- 
rina Bensen, h. v. van 
John Leak. 

Efje. Charles Leronn, en z. h. 

v. Catharina Beekman. 

Rebecca, Justus Bosch, Rebecca 

Maria, Bosch, j. d., Bernardus 

tweelinger. Smith & Maria Smith, 

j. d. 

Catharina. Johannes Rypel, Catha- 
rina Aschooph, z. h. v. 

Wilhelmiis. Wilhem Crollius, Maria 
Philippina Paulin. 

Johannes. Johannes Van Wyk, 
Catharina Doiiwe, z. 
h. v. 

Antoni, Antony Caspar, Margrita 

geboren den Kimmer, z. h. v. 
2 January. 

Gerrit. Gerrit Heyer. Sara Bosch, 

z. h. v. 

Petriis. Johannes Van Sysse, En- 

geltje Appel. 

Sara, Thomas Ellen, Elisabet 

geboren den Shedwyk, z. h. v. 
18 February. 



26 Zabriskie Notes. [Jan., 

ZABRISKIE NOTES. 



By Richard Wynkoop. 



i. Albrecht Zaborowsk'y, born in Poland, about 1638, died at 
Hackensack, Sept. 1, 171 1, "aged about 73 years." A note of his 
death and age is found in the German Lutheran Ch., N. Y. 

He emigrated from Prussia to New Amsterdam, in the ship Fox, and 
landed, Aug. 1662. In the published list, his name appears as Albert 
Saboreski (Doc. Hist. N. Y. III. 59.) 

Dec. 17, 1676, he married, Bergen Ch., Machteld Van der Linde, b. 
1656, d. 1725. 

His name appears, as witness and interpreter, in a deed, July 17, 
1679, from certain Indians to John Berry and Michael Smith. His sig- 
nature appears to be Albredt Zabarowsky : but Dr. Schenck, who gives a 
facsimile and translation, reproduces his name as Albridt. (Appendix to 
Histl. Sketch of the Zabriskie Homestead, at Flatbush ; Brooklyn, 1881, 
Peter L. Schenck, M.D.) The sky, in Polish, signifies son of. (Family 
Nomenclature — Lower : London, 1875, Vol. I. p. 17. 

Soon after his arrival, he purchased a tract of land. It was then 
called Peremesse, now Paramus. 

It is said that he studied for the Lutheran ministry, but was im- 
pressed into the army, and availed himself of some opportunity to come 
to this country. 

[In the German Lutheran Ch. record, N. Y. is the entry following : 
" 1718, Sept. 28, Hans Karoski a man about ninety buried in our 
church." Could he have been a Zabriskie, related to Albert — perhaps 
his brother ?] 

Second Generation. 
Children of Albert (1), and Matilda Van der Linde. 

2. Jacob. On the 22d of Apl., 1699, Jacob Zaborisco, b. at Pem- 
merpogg, married Antje Terheun, born on the bay ; Hackensack Ch; 
She was dau. of Albert Albertszoon Terheun. 

He was of Upper Paramus. Was received to Church membership, 
Hackensack, Apl. 8, 1699, "Zaborisko." 

When he was about seven years old, he was stolen by the Indians, 
who taught him their language, and then restored him to his parents. 

3. Jan. Jan Zaborischo, of Ackinsack, m. 1st, Sept. 20, 1706, Eliza- 
beth Romeyn, of Gravsent : Hackensack Ch.: 2nd, Jan Zaboriscoo, wid- 
ower of Elizabeth Romeyn, m. Dec. 6, 1712, Margrita du Ry [Durie or 
Duryee] : Hackensack Ch. 

He was of Old Hackensack ; and was received to church member- 
ship, Hackensack, July 1, 1704 ; "Zaborischoo. " 

4. Joost ; (pro. Yost, and Anglicised, properly, as Justus or Jocelin, 
but, arbitrarily, as Josiah ; and even as George, of which the Dutch is 
Joris). 

Joost Zaboriskoo, of Ackinsack, m. Nov. 1, 1712, Christina Meeby, 
b. N. Y., living Hackensack. He was of Schraalenburgh, and was 
received to Ch. membership, Hackensack, Apl. 8, 171 1. 



1S92.] Zabriskie Notes. 2 7 

5. Christian; bap. July 3, 1694, Hackensack ; d. 1774 ; m. May 
28, 1 71 5, Lea Hendriksze Hoppe. The name of Hopper for a long 
time appeared without the r. 

He was of lower Paramus, and was received to ch. membership 
Hackinsack, July 13, £723, "Zabbroisco." 

6. Hendrik : bap. Nov. 1, 1696, Hacinsack. " Hendrik Zabbor- 
wisco," young man, m. May 16, 1719, Geertje Hendriksze Hoppe. 

He was of the Point, "Hendrik Zabrisko and Gertie Hoppe" his 
wife were received to ch. membership Hackensack, Apl. 1, 1721. 

7. Albert, prob. ; For in the Luth. Ch. N. Y. is the record of the 
burial of Albert Saboriski, at Hackensack, "between 17 14 and 17 19." 
The first Albert was buried in 171 1, according to the same record. But 
this second entry, less precise than the one in 1711, may have reference 
to the same burial. 

Third Generation. 

Children of Jacob (2), and Anne Terhune. 

8. Hendrikje ; bap. Nov. 9, 1701, Hackensack ; m. Apl. 2, 1720, to 
Anthony Lozier. 

9. Fytje ; bap. Oct. 31, 1703; m. to Teter Lozier. 

10. Maritje; bap. Sept. 22, 1706. 

11. Albert; bap. Feb. i, 1708 ; m. Apl. 8, 1739 ; "Albert Zabor- 
isky, Maritje Hoppe," Hackensack. 

12. Jan; bap. June 15, 1710 ; prob. m. Aaltje Hopper. 

13. Janetje ; bap. Dec. 13, 1 7 1 3. 

14. Rachel: bap. May 8, 1715; prob. m. to Johannes du Marisq, 
Dutch Ch., N. Y, Mch. 7, 1744. 

15. Machteld: bap. Jan. 27, 171 7. 

16. Steven ; bap. Aug. 31, 171 8. Steven Zaboriskwy, m. Catryntje 
Hopper, Feb. 13, 1742, Hackensack Ch. 

Probably he was the person who represented the church, in 1777, in 
the Convention to form a Constitution for the Reformed Dutch Church. 

17. Jacob ; bap. Mch. 26, 1722. Jacob Zabrowisky m. Apl. 8, 1748, 
Aaltjen Terheun, Hackensack Ch. 

Children of Jan (3), and Elizabeth Romeyn. 

18. Albert ; bap. Aug. 24, 1707, Hackensack Ch. ; m. Nov. 8, 1734 
Annetje Kip. 

19. Christina; b. Mch. 3, bap. Mch. 13, 1709; m. Apl. 25, 1730, 
N. Y., to Jacobus Van Orden. 

20. Machteldje ; bap. Nov. 9, 1710 ; m. to Peter Hendricks (?) 

21. Claas ; bap. May 4, 171 2 ; prob. m. Nov. 14, 1735, Rachel 
Du Marest, of Schraalenburgh ; he of Hackensack ; both young ; Schraal. 
Ch. Probably he was the Klaes who joined in the Call for the Rev. Benj. 
Vander Linde, Aug. 21, 1748. 

Children of Jan (3), and Margaret Duryee. 

22. Elizabeth ; bap. June 27, 1714, Hackensack ; m. to John Van- 
dewater ? 



28 Zabriskie Notes. [Jan., 

23. Jan; bap. Aug. 5, 1 71 6 ; m. May 12, 1739, Annetje Ackerman. 

24. Jacob; bap. Nov. 29, 1718 ; "Zabrisky," Nov. 11, 1743, m. 
Sarah Varick, bap. May 29, 1720, dau. of Abraham Varick and Anna 
Bertholf. (N. Y. Gen. Rec. VIII., 20.) 

25. Fieter ; bap. Nov. 5, 1721 ; m. Oct. 25, 1747, Martina Varick, 
bap. Apl. 22, 1722 ; same parents as above. 

26. Joost ; bap. Sept. 22, 1723 ; d. an infant. 

27. Joost; bap. Sept. 14, 1727; m. Nov. 5, 1749, Annetje Terheun, 
dau. of John Terheun and Elizabeth Bertholf. (Rec. XI., 165.) 

28. Rachel ; bap. Sept. 7, 1729 ; m. to Rev. Henry Goetchius. 

29. Cornelius; bap. Apl. 10, 1732. 

30. Christian; bap. May 5, 1734 ; prob. m. Lena [Van] Voorhees, 
Feb. 18, 1753, Schraalenburgh Ch.; both young. Christian Zabrisko, 
and Lena Van Voorheesen his wife, rec'd to ch. membership, Hacken- 
sack, Jan. 25, 1758. [Van voor Hees = from before Hees?] 

Children of Joost (4), and Christina' Maebie. 

31. Machteldje ; bap. Sept. 25, 1 71 5, Hackensack. 

32. Kaspar ; bap. Apl. 7, 1717 ; Anglice, Jaspar, Casparis Ten 
Brisco of Bergen Co., m. Apl. 30, 1746, Catharina Wagener [Van 
Wagenen], of Essex Co. ; Ackqueqnonk Ch. 

33. Elizabeth ; bap. July 19, 1 7 1 9. 

34. Fytje ; bap. Mch. 26, 1722. (Sophia?) m. June, 6, 1739, to 
Jacob Lizier. 

35. Antje ; bap. May 30, 1728. Schraalenburgh Ch.; prob. m., Apl. 
8, 1745, Dutch Co., N. V., to Stephen Baldwin. 

36. Albert; b. Apl. 25, 1730; bap. Schraalenburgh; m. Geertje 
Westervelt. 

Children of Christian (5), and Leah H Hopper. 

37. Albert; bap. Sept. 2, 1716, Hackensack; m. Oct. 26, 1739, 
Aaltje Ackerman ; both young. 

[The chart of Chancellor Zabriskie gives Tjelletje Ackerman to this 
Albert. But the record of baptism of Jacob, son of Tjelletje, has the 
father's name "Albert Hen " not ''Albert Christ." She must therefore 
have been wife of Albert (42).] 

38. Hendrik; bap. May 22, 171S. Poss. m. Maria • •. Hen- 

drick Zabrisco, y. m. of Peremes, m. Neesje Van Hoorn, young woman 
ofSloterdam ; Ackqueqnonk Ch. 

39. Jacob; bap. Jan. 22, 1721 ; d. an infant. 

4C Jacob; bap. Jan. 10, 1725 ; m. Aug. 7, 1747, Lena Ackerman. 

41. Andries ; bap. Jan. 15, 1729, Schraalenburgh Ch.; prob. m. 
Elizabeth . 

Children of Henry (6), and Gertrude H Hopper. 

42. Albert; bap. Sept. 13, 1 7 1 9, Hackensack; m. June 15, 1739, 
Tjelletje Ackerman. 

[As to the wife, see under Albert (37).] 

43. Hendrik; bap. Oct. 8, 1721; m. Nov. 28, 1746, Lea Hoppe. 



1892.] Zalriskie Notes. 



29 



44- Jacob ; bap. Nov. 19, 1727 ; d. Jan. 14, 1795 ; m. Wyntje Ter- 
heun. 

45. Maritjen ; bap. Apl. 24, 1737. 

Fourth Generation. 
Children of Albert (11), and Maria Hopper. 

46. Antjen ; bap. May 4, 1740, Hackensack. 

47. Andries; bap. July 6, 1746 ; prob. m. Jannetje Lasire (Lozier?). 

Children of John (12), and Alida Hopper. 

48. Jacob; bap. June 30, 1734, Hackensack ; prob. m. Jannetje . 

49. Andries; bap. Sept. 19, 1730; prob. m. Corstintje (Chris- 
tina ?) . 

50. Albert; bap. May 13, 1739. 

51. Jan ; bap. May 12, 1 74 5 ; prob. m. Leah . 

Children of Steven (16), and Catharine Hopper. 

52. Antje ; bap. Feb. 6, 1743, Paramus. 

53. Rachel; bap. Mch. 17, 1750. 

54. Jannetje; bap. Dec. 8, 1754. 

Children of Jacob J. (17), and Alida Terhune. 

55. Antje; bap. Jan. 22, 1749, Paramus. 

56. Maria; bap. Feb. 10, 1751. 

57. Albert; bap. Apl. 19, 1753; prob. m. Metje . 

58. Jan ; bap. Dec. 25, 1756. 

59. Wyntje; bap. June io, 1758. 

60. Rachel; bap. Jan. 13, 1765. 

Children of Albert (iS), and Anne Kip. 

61. Elizabeth ; bap. Sept. 28, 1737, Hackensack. 

62. Geertjen ; born Sept. 19, 1739; bap. Oct. 7, Schraalenburgh. 

63. Margrietje ; bap. Oct. 18, 1 74 1 . 
63a. Lea ; twin with Rachel. 

64. Rachel; bap. July 15, 1 744- 

65. Jan ; bap. Nov. 2, 1746. 

65a. Hendrik; b. June 22, 1754, bap. July 7. 

Children of Nicholas (21), and Rachel Demarest. 

66. Elizabeth; bap. Dec. 11, 1737, Schraalenburgh. 

67. Elizabeth ; bap. Nov. 4, 1739. 

68. Jan; bap. Dec. 6, 174 1 ; prob. m. Maryije . 

69. Benjamin; bap. Apl. 7, 1745; prob. m. Annatje . 



oq Zabriskie .Notes. [Jan., 

Children of John (23), and Anne Ackerman. 

70. Jan; bap. Sept. 3, 1741, Hack en sack ; prob. m., Nov. 21, 1764, 
Jane Goelett, both young ; he junr. ; Schraalenburgh Ch. ; Mar. bond, 
Nov. 20, 1764. (vii., 412). 

71. Elizabeth ; bap. same time and place. 

Children of Jacob (24), and Sarah Varick. 

72. John ; bap. Feb. 27, 1752, Hackensack ; d. Apl. 24, 17S2 ; m. 
Dec. 7, 1775 (or Jan. 11, 1776, Pearson), Lena Lansing, of Albany ; b. 
Oct. 5, 1750; d. Apl. 26, 1826. After his death, Nov. 14, 1787, she m. 
to Gen'l Abraham Oothoet. 

Children of Peler (25), and Martina Varick. 

73. Marietje ; bap. Jan. 28, 1750, Hackensack ; m. to John Elmen- 
dorf. 

74. Annaetje ; bap. May 17, 1752. 

75. Abram ; bap. May 30, 1757. 

Children of Joost (27), and Anne Tcrhune 

76. Dirk; bap. Aug. 10, 1760, Hackensack. 

77. Albert; b. June 12, 1766; bap. Hackensack; m. Frances 
Nicholl, Apl. 30, 1 7Sy, Schraalenburgh Ch. 

Children of Christian (30), and Lena Van Voorhees. 

78. Albert C. ; b. July 9, 1755; bap. July 13, Hackensack; prob. m. 
Francintje Westervelt. 

79. Maryietje ; bap. July 26, 1758. (Marregrietje?) 

80. Jan ; b. Jan. 18, 1764 ; bap. Jan. 22 ; prob. m. Rachel Van Zaan. 

81. Jacob C. ; b. Dec. 4, 1767 ; bap. Dec. 27 ; m. Maria Brevoort, 
Dec. 20, 1797, Schraalenburgh Ch. 

82. Margrietje ; b. Feb. 19, 1775 ; bap. Mch. 5. 

Children of Kaspar (32), and Catharine Van Wagenen. — 

83. Antje ; b. Feb. 13, 1750; bap. Mch. 5; Passaic Ch. 

84. Joost ; b. Sept. 1, 1750; bap. Sept. 2 [1 75 1 ?] ; prob. m. 
Maria . 

85. Christeentje ; b. Jan. 3, 1753; bap. Jan. 21. 

Children of Albert (36), and Gertrude Westervelt. 

86. Christina ; b. Nov. 5, 1752; bap. Nov. 6, Schraalenburgh. 

87. Benjamin ; b. Dec. 31, 1754 ; bap. Jan. 19, 1755. 

88. Joost [pro. Yost] ; b. Mch. 6, 1757 ; bap. Mch. 26 ; m. Rachel 
Zabriskie (124). 

89. Caspar (Jasper) ; bap. Sept. 9, 1759 ; prob. m. Sept. 1, 1 781, 
Hannah Vreeland, Dutch Ch., N. Y. (Mar. bond, Aug. 17, 1781, 
xxxiii., 40). 



1S92.] Zabriskie Noles. * j 

90. Jan; bap. May 8, 1760, Paramus. 

91. Hendrikje ; bap. Dec. 20, 1761, Schraalenburgh. 

92. Antje ; bap. Sept. 16, 1764. 

93. OfSELTEi (?) ; bap. Jan. 18, 1767. 

94. Ragel ; bap. Jan. 8, 1769. 

95. Jan ; b. Nov. 19, 1770 ; bap. Dec. 16. 

96. Steven (poss.); bap. Mch. 31, 1776, Paramus ; mother " Geesje". 

97. Jacob (poss.) ; bap. Aug. 3, 1777, Schraalenburgh ; "Albert Jo 
and wife," parents. 



Children of Albert (37), and Alida Ackerman. 

98. Jannetjen ; bap. May 10, 1747, Hackensack. 

99. Christiaan ; bap. Nov. 28, 1750, Paramus. 

100. Marvtje ; bap. Oct. 1, 1753. 

Children of Hcndrick C. (38), and Maria (or Neesje Van Hoom). 

101. Geertje ; bap. Nov. n, 1750, Paramus; mother "Neesje"? 

102. Christian; bap. Sept. 29, 1 754 • 

103. Martyntje ; bap. May 30, 1756. 

104. Neesje ; bap. Jan. 21, 1759. 

105. Margrietje ; bap. Mch. 20, 1762. 

106. Maria ; bap. Aug. 21, 1765. 

107. Sara ; bap. June 26, 1768. 

108. Abram ; bap. Jan. 2, 1772. 

Children of Jacob (40), and Lena Ackerman. 

109. Christian ; prob. m. Maria Terheun. 

no. Gerrit ; bap. Sept. 23, 1750, Paramus. Gerrit J. Zabriskie, 
young man of Peremus, m. June 12, 1785, Martha Mills, AcUquaqnonk. 
in. Lea; bap. July 29, 1752, Paramus. 

Children of Andrew (41), and Elizabeth . 

112. Christian; bap. Feb. 24, 1751, Paramus; prob. m. Mar- 
tyntje . 

113. Jane; bap. Jan. 1, 1761 ; m. to Carponus Bogert. 

Children of Albert H. (42), and Tjelletje Ackerman. 

114. Hendrik ; bap. Dec. 25, 1740, Hackensack; prob. m. Aug. 27, 
1767, Elizabeth Goetchius, Schraalenburgh. 

115. Gerrit; bap. Aug. 28, 1 743- 
115a. Jannetje ; bap. same date. 

116. Jacob; bap. Dec. 31, 1749, Paramus; father " Albert Hen." 
mother Thelletje. 

117. Abram ; bap. Sept. 24, 1752 ; prob. m. Maria . 



■3 2 Zabriskie Notes. [Jan., 

Children of Jacob H. (44), and Lavina Terkune. 

118. Hendrikus ; bap. Mch. 8, 1752, Taramus ; prob. m. Willempje 
Leydecker. 

119. Marytje; bap. Apl. 15, 1754 ; d. Mch. 5, 1781. 

120. Geerteni (Geevtrui ?) ; bap. Oct. 17, 1756. 

121. Antje ; bap. Feb. 5, 1759; d. March 23, 1798. 

122. Albert; bap. Oct. 18, 1760; m. Maria Westervelt. 

123. Aaltje ; bap. Oct. 31, 1762; m. to John Christopher. Mar. 
bond Nov. 30, 1782, (xxxvii., 102). 

124. Rachel; b. July 15, 1765; bap. July 21, Paramus; m. to Joost 
Zabriskie (8S). 

125. Wyntje ; bap. Mch. 22, 1766 ; d. an infant. 

125. Wyntje ; b. Nov. 2 ; bap. Nov. 6. 1768 ; d. Dec. 13, 1839 ; m. 
Oct. 12, 1788, Hackensack, to Jacob Cornelius Banta, b. Jan. 4, 1768 ; d. 
Nov. 5, 1844; s. of Cornelius Jacob Banta, by his second wife, Henrickie 
Outwater. He was Judge of the Common P.eas, Bergen Co., N. J., in 
1 8 13, and a member of Assembly in 18 16 and 18 17. 

126. Lisabeth ; bap. Dec. 2, 1770; d. Aug. 30, 1794. 

127. Jannitje ; bap. June 27, 1773. 

128. Abraham; bap. Jan. 14, 1776 ; m. Susanna Helm. 



Fifth Generation.' 
Children of Andrew (47), and Jane Lozier. 

129. Christina ; b. May 9, 1770; bap. June 3, Schraa'enburgh ; 
" Lishier. " 

130. Andries ; b. June 15, 1771 ; bap. July 2, Hackensack ; prob. in. 
Elizabeth Anderson, July 21, 1793, at Hackensack. 

Chi/dnn of Jacob J. (48), and Jane . 

131. Aaltje ; bap. June 14, 1761, Paramus. 

132. Marytje; bap. Apl. 15, 1763. 

133. Jan ; bap. Sept. 14, 1766 ; prob. m. Jane . 

134. Antje; bap. Nov. 5, 1769. 

135. Rachel; bap. Jan. 21, 1773. 

Children of Andrew J. (49), and Christina Bogert. 

136. Jan ; bap. Sept. 28, 760, Paiamus. 

137. Jan; bap. Dec. 19, 1768. 

138. Elisabeth; bap. Oct. 5, 1 777, Schraalenburgh. 

139. Aaltje ; bap. Dec. 11, 1782, Paramus. 

Child of John J. (51), and Leah . 

140. Aaltje; bap. Sept. 30, 1770, Paramus. 



i Sg2. ] The Duyckinck Family. 3-2 

Children of Albert J. (57), and Metje . 

\t,oa. Jacob ; bap. Aug. 3, 1777, Schraalenburgh Cb. 

141. Aaltjk ; bap. Sept. 2, 1781, Paramus. 

142. Albert; b. Mch. 25, bap. Apl. 10, 1792. 

143. Andreas; b. Jan. 17, bap. Feb. 19, 1797. 

Child of Benjamin (69), and Anne/jc . 

144. Nicholas; bap. May 17, 1 77 r , Paramus. 

Children of John (70), and Jane Gcelet. 

145. Annatje ; b. Aug. 4, 176^ ; bap. Aug. 11, Hackensack. 

146. Jan ; b. Sept. 30, 1767 ; bap. Oct. 11. 

Children of John (72), and Lena Lansing. 

147. Sarah ; b. Nov. 30, 1776 (Pearson) ; m. to Abm. Van Deusen. 

148. John Lansing, Rev.; b. Mch. 4, 1779; d. Aug. 15. 1S50; m. 
May 23, 1802, Sarah Barrea ; b. May II, 1786 ; d. Dec. 2, 1757 ; dau.of 
John Barrea and Sarah de la Montagnie. Grad. Union Col., 1797 : lie 
1800; United churches of Greenbush and Wynantskil, 1801-11 ; Mill- 
stone, N. J., 181 1-50. 

149. Catharine ; b. Feb. 12, 17S1 ; m. to Walter Van Veghten. 

Children of John Elmendorf, and Maria (73). 

150. Peter Z. ; m. Maria Van Veghten. 

151. Maria ; b. Sept. 26, 17S3 ; m. to F. Vanderveer. 

152. Martina ; m. to Lewis Comlit. 

153. Edmund. 

154. James B ; m. Elizabeth Frelinghuysen. 

155. William C; m. Maria Dumont. 

Child of Albert (77), and Frances Kicholl. 

156. George ; b. Feb. 17; bap. Mch. 15, 1790, Schraalenburgh ; m. 
Susan V. C. Romeyn. 

< To be continued.) 



THE DUYCKINCK FAMILY. 



By W. C. Duyckinck, Morristown, N. 



I. Evert Duyckinck or (as the name occurs in the various records) 
Duvcking, Duyckingh, Duyckens, Duiker), Duicking, came to this coun- 
try about 1638 from Borchen, a village of North Brabant in Holland. 
He was in the service of the Dutch West India Co., and in 1640 was 
stationed at Fort Hope, near the present site of the city of Hartford, 
Conn. 

3 



1/ The Duyckinck Family. [Jan., 

Among the documents relating to the colonial history of New York 
procured in Holland by Dr. Brodhead, we find a copy of a remonstrance 
which was presented to the Hon. Director and Council of New Nether- 
lands by Gysbert Opdyk, Commissary on the part of the General Incor- 
porated West India Co., wherein it appears that P r . Colet, Evert 
Duycktng and Sylvant Sybolts had been attacked by the English, and so 
severely injured that redress was demanded of the Governor, Mr. Hop- 
kins, and of Mr. Haynes, without gaining any satisfaction, but rather 
increasing the already bitter feeling between the English and Dutch Col- 
onists. 

In the English conformatory grants reference is made to an original 
grant to Evert Duyckinck in 1 643 of a plot of land behind the meadow 
ground of the West India Co., also land on Prince's Street, and on 
the east side of the graft (canal). We also find a transfer in 1693 of land ■ 
on Dock Street and East river, recorded in the N. Y. Reg. Office, L. 28, 
fol. 461, 462. 

His business is variously designated in the records of that day as lim- 
ner (or portrait painter), painter, glazier, and burner of glass. He is said 
to have painted the coats of arms of the various Dutch families upon glass 
for the windows of the first Dutch Church in New Amsterdam. 

On September 9, 1646, he was married to Hendrickje Simons, a 
young woman from Nocrdthorn. She had two sisters living in the city, 
Stymie and Maritje, and was probably related to Gerryt Simons of Sche- 
nectady, and John Simons of Hempstead. 

Evert and Hendrickje became members of the Dutch Church in 1649, 
residing at that time and for many years after on Hoogh Straat (now 
Stone street, near William), Isaac Bedlow and Christopher Hooghland 
living on either side of him. 

In 1654 Director Stuyvesant gave him a patent for 24 morgens of land 
in Flatbush, adjoining the land of Johannes Megapolensis. This he sold 
September 6, 1658, to Cor 5 . Van Ruyven. (Flatbush Recoids, Lib. A, 
fol. 37.) 

He took the oath of allegiance to the English in 1664; was in the list 
of taxpayers for many years, and apparently was a man of considerable 
property. He was appointed Fire Warden in 1674, and admitted as free- 
man of the City of New York in 1698. This same year he and Alderman 
Provost were appointed a Committee to supervise the repairs, etc., of the 
public buildings. Probably he died in 1702, as we find in the list of 
inhabitants of the City in 1703 Widow Duyckinck 's family thus enumer- 
ated, two females, eight children, four negroes, one negress, and two 
negro children. Also in 1703 a deed signed by the widow and co-heirs of 
Evert Duyckinck, deceased. (N. Y., L. 28, fol. 281.) 

Their children were : 

2. Belilje (Isabella) ; was bp. in the Dutch Church, June 30, 1647, 
and probably died about 1(190. She joined the Church Oct. 12. 1665, 
and was married Oct. 24, 1 666, to Jan Byvang (Byvanck) from Olden- 
zeel, Holland ; he married as his 2d wife Sarah Frans, widow of 
Johannes Van Cowenhoven, Nov. 3, 1692 (Record, Vol. 5, p. 111, and 
Peearson's Alb'. Settlers, p. 30.) 

3. Jawieken ; bp. July 25, 1649, in New Amsterdam. 

4. Evert ; bp. Oct. 30, 1650, died probably about 1680-1 ; he 
appears to have left New Amsterdam quite young and spent many years 



1892-] The Duyckinck Family. or 

in Holland and at sea. While at Amsterdam he married Cornelia Jacobse 
Toll and in 1679 returned 10 this country as mate of the ship "Charles," 
bringing his wife and two children with him. He next became Captain 
of a vessel going to Barbadoes and Jamaica, and in 1680 returned to 
N. Y., where he probably died soon after his arrival. His widow was 
married July 25, 1681, to Abraham DeLanoy, of Harlem, whose will 
(N. Y. Sur. L. 7, fol. 22) 1702 mentions Evat Duyckinck, son of Cornelia 
Toll, age 25. 

5. Symontje (Cytie, Sytie, Soyte) ; bp. May 12, 1652, and died 
probably 1705-6. Became member of Dutch Church, Feb. 28, 1672, 
and was married Mch. 25, 1674, to Willem Simonszen Block of Ship 
Suriname. In 1686 she was living with her father on High Street. On 
Aug. 13, 1697, she again married Rev. Dr. Pierre Daille, first Huguenot 
preacher in N. Y., who having incurred Leisler's displeasure had to leave 
and was settled in Boston until his death in 1715, his wife having died 
nine years before ; both were buried in the- Granary Burying Ground, 
Boston. In L. 26, fol. 136, N. Y., is recorded deed given by him and 
his wife "Soyte" for property on Broadway, July 13, 1704. 

6. no name on baptismal record ; only date Dec. 21, 1653. 

7. Annetje (Anna) ; no record of baptism ; she married in New York, 
May 12, 1672, ''Pieter Vandewater J. M. Van Amsterdam." Pieter, 
Vandewater's will, dated Aug. 16, 1684, is recorded in N. Y. in liber 
19, B. page 200, and only mentions of his children Evert and Hend- 
rickje. Annetje Duycking married 2d, May 30, 1686, ''Johannes 
Hooglant J. M. van Brenckelen." Johannes Hooglant married 2d in 
N. Y., Jan. 19, 1706, Jenneke Piet, widow (Riker, s. Harlem, p. 593). 
There is a question whether this "Annetje" or " Anneken " Duycking 
may not be identical with the "Janneken," bp. July 25, 1649; the 
probabilities are strongly in its favor ; there may have been an error in 
recording the baptism on the Church books, or in recopying the baptisms. 

8. Atllje ; bp. Mch. 23, 1656, and probably died young. 

9. Aeltje ; bp. Sept. 23, 165 7, became a member of Dutch Church 
Aug. 30, 1674, and was married Jan. 13, 1678, to Tobias Ten Eyck. She 
probably died 16S0 or 81, as her husband was married to Elizabeth 
Hegeman, Apr. 12, 1684. His will made Nov. 29, 1699, is recorded in 
Flatbush record L. A. 

10. Marvken ; bp. Mch. 31, 1659, joined D. C. May 31, 1677, 
married July 18, 1683, Robbert Sinclaer, and lived for many years on Lang 
Street. This Sinclaer was a sailor on the ship " Charles " of which Evert 
(4) was the mate. He died 1704 and his wife 1736. Full particulars see 
Record V. 10, p. 170. 

11. Gem'/ ; bp. Apr. 11, 1660, joined D. C. May 28,1679 > of him we 
find the following: ' ' Gerrit the glassmaker was engaged putting the glass in 
the new Church (at Esopus) the glass had been made and painted in the 
City (N. A. ) bv the father of our mate, Evert Duiken. whose other son Gerrit 
did most of the work." On July 6, 1683, he mariied Maria Abeel of 
Albany and resided on Hoogh St.; lor many years he was assistant alder- 
man and in 1689 became identified with Leisler as a member of his council, 
was made Captain, and was very prominent dining those exciting times. 
Admitted as freeman of the City in 1699. I" '7°3 his family consisted 
of one male, one female, four children, one negro, one negress and two 
negro children. His name appears among those signing petitions for a 



^6 The Duyckinck Family. [Jan., 

new ferry to Long Island, in 1707. Although we find (N. Y., L. 21, 
fol. 87 & 89) that he transferred property, we can discover no record of 
his will. He died about 1710, having attained a position of consider- 
able social, financial and political importance. 

Children of Belitje Dnycking (2), and Jan Bj*vang. 

12. Helena ; m. in N. Y., May 31, 1691, Colonel David Provoost, jr.; 
bp. in N. Y., Jan. 23, 1670 ; son of David Provoostand Tryntie Laurens. 
(See sketch of David Provost, by Edwin R. Purple, in Record, vol. 6, 
p. 11.) 

13. Evert ; m. in N. Y., May 25, 1693, Wyntie Van Stoutenburg, 
widow of Gerrit Cornelius E.ween, and daughter of Pieter Stoutenburgh 
and Aefje Van Tienhoven ; bp. in N. Y., Oct. 15, 1662. Evert By- 
vanck's will is dated Oct. 10, 1710, and recorded in N. Y., liber 7, p. 467. 

14. Anna ; m. in N. Y., Dec. 13, 1694, "Arie Hooglant of Long 
Island Ferry." 

15. Hendricus ; bp. in Albany, Feb. 20, 1684. (Pearson.) 

16. Gerrit ; bp. in Albany, March 17, 1686. (Pearson.) 

17. Maria; bp. in Albany, Feb. 12, 1688; m. in N. Y., Jan. 3, 1713, 
Anthony Kip; bp. in N. Y., Jan. 8, 1690; son of Isaac Kip and Sara 
De Mill. He m. 2d about 1719, Catlynlje, daughter of Abraham Kip 
of Albany. (Record, vol. 8. p. 130.) 

18. Anthony; m. in N. Y., Jan. 20, 1704, Teuntje Van Laan of 
Brooklyn. (Bergen, p. 345.) 

19. Johannes ; m. in N. Y., Jan. 1, 1702, Aaltje Hooglandt. 

Children of Evert Duvcknick (4), and Cornelia Toll. 

20. Evert; born in Holland in 1677; m. in N. Y., Feb. 3, 1704, Elsie 
Meyer ; the marriage license is dated Jan. 25, 1704. (Record, vol. 2, 
p. 26.) Elsie Meyer was probably the daughter of Andries Meyer and 
Vronvvtje Van Vorst. (Record, vol. 9, p. 6.) 

Children of Annetje Duycking (7), and Pie/er\Van de Water. 

21. Lysbelh ; bp. in N. Y., Feb. 19, 1673; sponsors, Jacobus Van de 
Water and Hendrikje Duycking. 

22. Evert ; no record of bp., but named in his father's will ; m. in 
N. Y., Jan. 19, 1700, Catharina, daughter of David Provoostand Trynlje 
(Catharine) Laurens; bp. in N. Y., Dec. 19, 1677. Shem. 2d in N. Y., 
Nov. 13, 1714, Abraham Boele. Evert Van de Water's will, dated Nov. 
16, 1710, proved Aug. 31, 1714, names his wife Katharine, his daughters 
Katharine and Annatie, sister Hendrica, wife of Anthony Rutgers, and 
his brothers-in-law William Provost and Abraham Van Home. (Record, 
vol. 6, p. 6.) 

23. Benjamin; bp. in N. Y., Dec. 21, 1677. (Riker's Harlem, 

P- 593) 

24. Lysbeth ; bp. in N. Y., Oct. 14, 1678. 

25. Hendrickje ; bp. in N. Y., June 9, 16S0 ; m. in N. Y., Dec. 30, 
1698, Anthony Rutgers, son of Harman Rutgers and Catarina de Hooges. 
(Record, vol. 17, p. 84.) 



1892.] The Duyckinck Family. 



37 



Children of Annatje Duycking (7), and Johannes Hoogland {2d marriage). 

26. Lysbelh ; bp. in N. Y., Dec. 12, 1686. 

27. Johannes ; bp. in N. Y., May 26, 1689 ; m. in N. Y., May 1, 
1708, Catharine, daughter of Frans Goderus and Rebecca Ennes ; bp. in 
N. Y., Mar. 25, 16S9 (ir, 38). The will of Rebecca, widow of Frans 
Goderus, dated Aug. i, 1732 (tr, 364), mentions her dau. Catharine, 
wife of Joh. Hooglandt, jr., aged about 25 years; mentions his daughter 
Mary, age 20, his son Jacobus aged 18, his son Abraham aged 15, son 
Johannes aged 12, and daughter Catharina aged 10. 

Children of Aellje Duycking (y), and Tolias Ten Eyck. 

28. Coenradt ; bp. N. Y., Nov. 20, 1678. 

29. Maria ; bp. N. Y., April 3, 1680 ; m. in N. Y., Jan. 6, 1704 ; Jan. 
Denemarke (Record 19-44); perhaps m. 2d in N. V., May 12, 1706, 
Wessel-Wessels. 

30. Hendrickje ; bp. N.Y., July 1, 1682 ; m. in N. Y, 1704 ; mar. 4, 
Joh.^Van Norden. 

Children of Mary ken Duycking (10), and Robber I Sinclaer. 

31. Hendrickje ; bp. in N. Y., July 6, 1 684. 

32. Jacobus ; bp. in N. Y., Sept. 30, 1685. 

33. Evert ; bp. in. N. Y., Oct. 30, 1687. 

34. Anna; bp. in N. Y., Feb. 1, ifiyr ; in. in N. Y., Nov. 7, 1706, 
Charles Cionnnelyn. (See article by J. J. Latting in Record, vol. 10, 
p. 170.) 

35. Robert ; bp. in N. Y., Aug. 27, 1 ^93. 

36. James ; bp. in N. Y., April 21, 1695. 

Children of Gerri/ Duycking (11), and Maria Abed. 

37. Evert ; bp. in N. Y., April 20, 1684. 

38. Cornelia; bp. in N. V., Dec. 25. 1685. 

39. Evert ; bp. in N. Y., Nov. 6, 1687. 

40. Christoffel ; bp. in N. Y., May 5, 1689. 

41. Keel lie ; bp. in N. Y., Oct. 19, 1690. 

42. Henrica ; bp. in N. Y., April 2, 1693 ; m. in N. Y., Oct. 13, 171 1. 
John Stoutenburgh. 

43. Gerardus ; bp. in N. Y., June 19, 1695 ; m. in N. Y , Aug. 20, 
1720, Johanna Van Brugh ; bp. in X. Y. , May 16, 1697 ; died Oct., 1789 ; 
daughter of Johannes Van Brugh and Margaret Provoost (Record, 6, 5.) 

44. Christoffel; bp. in N. Y., May 15, 1698. 

45. Everardus ; bp. in N. Y., July 21, 1700. 

46. Maria; bp. in N. Y.. Oct. 6, 1702 ; died Sept. 26, 1780; m. in 
N. Y. , Feb. 4. 1726, David Abeel ; bp. in Alb., Apr. 29, 1705 ; son of 
Joh' Abeel and Catalina Schuyler. (Pearson's Alb. SkTTLERS, p. 13.) 

47. Neellie ; bp. in N. Y. , April 13, 1705. 



ig The Domesday Book. • [Jan., 

THE DOMESDAY BOOK. 



By Edward Wakefield. 



There are some countries in the world which have scarcely changed 
at all since the earliest times recorded in the history of the human race. 
Afghanistan and Central Arabia are to-day very much as they were in the 
days of Abraham. The same habits and customs still prevail there, and 
the same institutions are still rigidly adhered to, that are described in 
the oldest books of the Old Testament. But there is no great wonder 
in that. The reason of it is because these countries are isolated from 
the changing world by natural barriers of sand or mountain, and have 
simply stood still in their primitive condition, while the rest of the world 
has advanced, receded, advanced again, and undergone an infinite variety 
of disturbances. 

Those countries have remained unchanged becau-e there was nothing 
in them to cause change or to suffer change. Very different was it with 
England. It is a fertile, attractive country, which from the most ancient 
days has been inhabited by vigorous peoples, having complex laws and 
institutions. It has been the scene of terrible conflicts among many races 
and creeds ; and through them all has steadily progressed in population, 
in wealth, in civilization and in power and influence among the nations 
of the earth. Yet, notwithstanding all this, it has an unbroken history of 
1,000 years, which no other civilized country in the world has. England 
to-day is, in all essentials, the England of Alfred's time : and the familiar 
divisions of counties and hundreds, with many other landmarks, are 
much older than that. It is necessary to realize this, in order to under- 
stand how such a work as the Domesday Book could be compiled, or to 
discern its value as a permanent record. 

The modern history of England is commonly taken to begin at the 
Norman Conquest in ic66 ; but for the purpose of this essay we must 
give a moment's attention to the situation of affairs fifty or sixty years 
earlier than that. Edward, surnamed the Confessor, King of the Anglo- 
Saxons, was born in 1004, the son of Ethelred and Emma. At the death 
of Ethelred in 1016, however, Canute the Dane gained possession of the 
throne and married Emma, Ethelred's widow. Of this marriage, there 
were two sons, Harold and Hardicanute, whom Emma allowed to be 
made the heirs of Canute, to the exclusion of her first-born son. Edward, 
deeply incensed, retired to Normandy where he was kindly received by 
his kinsman duke Robert. On the death ofCanute in 1035, Harold and 
Hardicanute reigned together ; and, whether from motives of conscience 
or of policy, sent for Edward, their half-brother, and showed him the 
highest consideration. Harold died in 1040 and Hardicanute in 1042 ; 
and Edward became sole king. He married Editha, daughter of Earl 
Godwin, the most powerful nobleman in the kingdom. By this time, 
however, Edward had become a religious fanatic, and, having taken a 
vow of celibacy, notwithstanding the form of marriage, he refused to ad- 
mit Editha to his bed and denied himself the hope of successors in his 
own line. It was for this act of bigotry that he was canonized long after 
his death, as St. Edward the Confessor ; but the effects of it on the 
history of his country were very remarkable. He had brought with him 



1892.] The Domesday Book. -in 

from Normandy a numerous following of Norman knights, courtiers and 
priests, and the whole of his long reign was a struggle between the 
Norman or Court Party and the National or Anglo-Saxon party. The 
countrv, meanwhile, enjoyed great prosperity, through freedom from in- 
vasion and unrestricted intercourse with Normandy. It was in Edward 
the Confessor's reign that that trade between England and France began, 
which has ever since continued and in our time has reached such vast 
proportions. 

Edward died the 5th of January 1066, having bequeathed his king- 
dom by will to William of Normandy, son of duke Robert. The Anglo- 
Saxons, nevertheless, elected Harold, brother of Queen Editha, to be 
king, and he assumed the sovereignty, in spite of having previously taken 
an oath of allegiance to William. This brings us to that great event, 
known in history as the Norman Conquest. The Duke of Normandy 
came to England with a powerful army and gave battle to Harold at 
Senlis, near Hastings. The Saxons were routed, Harold was slain, and 
William became undisputed king of England. 

It should be said here that William never claimed or used the title of 
Conqueror, which seems to have been a mistranslation of the Latin word 
conquestor, the acquirer or restorer of the kingdom which had been 
usurped by Harold. Some of the Norman chroniclers indignantly dis- 
claim the title of Conqueror for William, as implying that the kingdom 
was not his by inheritance ; whereas he was " the nephew and rightful 
heir of the blessed Edward, who bequeathed the kingdom to him in the 
most solemn manner." All through the reign of William, in all his 
official acts, this view of the succession was studiously maintained; a fact 
which has an important bearing on the Domesday Book. 

In the year 1085, when William had ruled England nearly twenty 
years, the Danes once more threatened the country with invasion. 
William prepared for war with characteristic vigour, and, in order to 
raise the necessary funds, reimposed the Danegeld, a kind of property 
tax devised by the Saxon kings as a special impost in time of invasion. 
William saw, however, that to levy the Danegeld in 1085 on the same 
basis of assessments on which it had been levied during the nth and 10th 
centuries would not only be grossly unjust to many landowners, but 
would not give him, the king, anything like as much money as he ought 
to get from it. This he determined to set right. To quote the words 
of the Saxon chronicle, a wonderfully graphic narrative : " At midwinter, 
when the king was at Gloucester, he had a great consultation and spoke 
very deeply with his Witan (Council) concerning this land, how it was 
held, and who were its tenantry." The result was that an accurate 
survey of all England was ordered to be made by the king's Justiciaries 
assisted by a sworn jury of the sheriffs, lords of the manors, presbUers of 
churches, reeves of hundreds, bailiffs, and six villeins, or tenants at will, of 
each village. This survey was to give the following particulars regarding 
each landed estate, whether large or small, viz : — ■ The name of the place ; 
who held it in King Edward's reign ; who was its present possesser ; how 
many hydes there were in the manor ; how many ploughgates in demesne 
(i.e. how much arable land farmed bv the landlord) ; how many homagers 
or vassals ; how many villeins ; how many cottars ; how many serfs ; what 
freemen ; how many tenants in soccage (by hereditary right) ; how much 
wood ; how much meadow and pasture ; what mills and fishponds ; how 



AO The Domesday Book. [Jan., 

much had been added or taken away ; what was the gross value in King 
Edward's time ; the present value ; how much each freeman or socman 
has or had. 

Of all this, there was to be a threefold return or valuation showing, 
i. As the land was held in King Edward's days. 2. As it had been given 
by King William. 3. As it stood at the time when the survey was 
made in 10S5-6. 

The King's Justiciaries were bound to furnish the information speci- 
fied above, but they were authorized to make much closer inquiries and 
to go much more into details, and the King let them know that the more 
exhaustive their report was, the better he would be pleased. Again to 
quote the Paxon chronicle, "So very narrowly he caused it to be traced 
out, that there was not a single hide or yardland, not an ox, cow or 
hog, that was not set down." 

The product of all this labor is to be seen in three volumes, called 
the Great or Exchequer Domesday, the Little Domesday, and the Exon 
Domesday. The fiist is a large quarto, written on 382 double pages of 
vellum, in a small but plain character, each page having a double 
column. Some of the capital letters and principal passages are touched 
with red ink, and some have strokes of red ink run across them, as 
if they were intended to be scratched out. The second volume is in 
quarto, written upon 450 double pages of vellum, but in a single 
column and in a large, clear handwriting. 

The second volume, with the Exon Domesday and the Inquisitio 
Eliensis, or survey of the Isle of Ely, seem to be the original and 
more detailed record, of which the Great or Exchequer Domesday is 
a revised and abridged form. For example, the Exon Domesday and 
the Little Domesday contain particulars of livestock and other small be- 
longings ; but these are omitted from the Great Domesday, no doubt 
because it was seen that they were useless, as they changed from year to 
year. 

In all the volumes, each shire is headed with a list of the chief land- 
owners, from the king downwards, and this list is numbered, forming an 
index to the shire. The survey concludes with a list of ''clamores, " or 
record of lands in dispute or wrongfully held. 

When it is considered how difficult it was to move about the' country 
in those days, when almost the only roads were those the Romans had left ; 
how ignorant the people were ; and what confusion must still have pre- 
vailed even twenty years alter the conquest ; it is wonderful that such a 
survey could have been made at all, within the space ofa year or eighteen 
months. Yet it was made, and made so conscientiously and intelligently 
that the lands of England were t^xed according to their classification in 
the Domesday Book until the end of the 10th century. For many pur- 
poses of public administration the Domesday Book would be serviceable 
at the present day ; and there are many countries, called civilized, which 
have not half so correct a survey. 

The name Domesday has been said to be derived from Domus Dei. 
the House of God, because it was kept in a sacred place and regarded 
with religious awe ; but, in fact, it is pure Saxon, and was used at least 
as far back as Alfred's time as a name for the Saxon code of laws. It 
merely signified that the survey was a final record, without appeal, like 
the divine judgment at doomsday. 



1892.] . The Domesday Book. a\ 

The Domesday Book was formerly kept in the Exchequer at West- 
minster, under three locks and keys ; but it was removed to the Chapter 
House of Westminster Abbey in 1696 ; and is now kept in a glass case 
in the Public Record Office, and may be consulted by anybody, under 
proper supervision, without any payment. 

The real object of King William, in causing this extraordinary docu- 
ment to be prepared with so much care and in such marvellous detail, 
was, in the first place, to enable the taxation to be levied equally and 
effectively, and generally to enable the administration of the kingdom to 
be carried out justly and with due regard to the rights of the governed ; 
but secondly and principally, to satisfy the English people that the 
Norman rule had been a benefit, not a curse to them ; bringing them 
wealth and progress, not impoverishment and degradation ; and infinitely 
enhancing the progress of the country beyond the condition it had 
been in under the last and greatest of the Saxon Kings. The Domesday 
Book was an appeal from prejudice and passion to facts, ascertained on 
the evidence of the people themselves set down with absolute impartiality, 
and explained in every particular with rare ability and unmistakable 
truth. I cannot give a better summary of the characteristics and qualities 
of the Domesday Book than by quoting a passage from that noble work, 
The History 0/ the Norman Conquest, by Professor Edward Freeman: — 

" Never was there a dry legal record so full of human interest of every 
kind as the great survey of Engl.ind. Every human relation, every posi- 
tion of life, every circumstance which could call forth joy or sorrow, the 
wail of the dispossessed, the overbearing greed of the intruder, the domestic 
details of courtship, marriage, dowry, inheritance, bequest and burial, all 
are there. 

Quidquid agunt homines, votum, tenior, ira, voluptas, 
Uaudia, discursus, noitri est farrago libelli. 

"In the pages of Domesday, among all the dryness of legal formula?, 
we can hear the cry of the poor under the rod of a grasping neighbour, 
or of a heartless official ; we see the private spite or the private favour ot 
the self-seeking reeve, French or English indifferently, recorded in so 
many words; we trace out, recorded no less faithfully, if in less outspoken 
words, the nepotism of the Bishop who made a maintenance for his 
kinsfolk out of the estates of the church entrusted to him ; and we see 
the intruding stranger throwing the heritage of Englishmen as a gift to 
the basest partners of his amusements or his lusts. We see the course 
of justice, or of injustice ; how one evil-doer meets with death or out- 
lawry for his deeds, while another escapes under the patronage of the 
powerful temporal or spiritual lords of whom he holds. And rising above 
all, stamping his presence on every page of the survey which he ordered, 
we see the master of the work, whose mickle thought and deep speech 
with his Witan had led to the making of this great possession for all time." 



Weddings at Si. Mary, Whitechapel, London. [Jan. 



WEDDINGS AT ST. MARY, WHITECHAPEL, LONDON, 
FROM A.D. 1616 TO 1625. 



2 5 
28 

C 28 



2 7 



Communicated by John V. L. Pruyn. 



(Continued from Vol. XXII., p. 207, of The Reco 

Thomas Lovett and Katberen Palmer. 
Roger Robinson and Isabell Perry. <c, — 
Thomas Wood and Elizabeth Bowyer. 

December 1622. 
Thomas Robinson and Margaret Richardson. 
Pattricke Benny and Elizabeth Steel. 
Edward Awsten and Mary Kinge. 
Seawer Garrisson and Katheren Johnson. 
William Weedes and Joane LamberJ. 
Eliazar Carton and Alice Bonner. 
Arthur Mathewes and Jane Gibson. 
John Ellby and Jane Frissell. 
Thomas Evans and Lettice ffrench. 
John Page and Elizabeth Carter. 
Robert White alias ffossey & Agnes Jennings. 

January 1622. 
John Apleby and Jane ffarrell. 
Robert Rowor'.h & Margaret Saunders. 
Symon Ellyolt and Elizabeth Cole. 
John Dux and Mary Winge. 
Peeter Apleby and Sissely Rickett. 
Henry Pigeon and Katheren Crome. 
Robert Gray and Susan Plowman. 
William Andrewes & Joane Brett. 
Richard Kinge and Agnes Wilkenson. 
James Lowe and Mary Wales. 

ffebruary 1622. 
Richard West & Elizabeth Hoodson. 
Edward Slegge and Alice Dod. 
Isack Launce and Mary Dards. 
John Haddon and Jane Nicholls. 
George ffisher & Elizabeth Dike, 
ffrancis ffeild and Mary Dust. 
Thomas Ladkins and Elizab : Reikes. 
Nicholas Kinge and Sarah Speaowse. 
John Barret and Anne ffeilde. 
John Turner & Mary Enkersoll. 
Thomas Peedy & Agnes Kinde. 
James ffeasy & Mary Bonde. 
John Crowder & Alice Bennitt. 
Widiam Whiting & Jane Sell. 
Henry Harvey & Jane Browne. 

March 1622. 
George Blow & Grace Carter. 
Richard Dubberley & Dorithy Harcond. 



Weddings at St. Mary, Whiiechapel, London. 



43 



Aprill 1623. 
Edward Walton & Dorithy Sanders. 
Edward Pavne & Martha Hancocke. 
Stephen Smalley & Elizab : Bowyer. 
Tymothy Coleracke & Margaret Wootlon. 
Richard Hargest & Millicent Musson. 
John Willmore & Debora Lowe. 

May 1623. 
James Alwincle & Agnes Lenton. 
William Witts & Elizabeth Turbin. 
John Hunt& Rebeckah Eastwood. 
Thomas Low & Mary Twigden. 
Thomas Benfell & Elizab: Basford. 
Richard Stokes & Sarah Jones. 
Thomas Howley & Joane Wood. 
William Leake & Isabell Home. 
George Ellys & Alice Buckner. 
Thomas Crofts & Mary Richardson. 
Thomas Wmson & Joane Stapler. 

June 1623. 
John Rowse & Margaret Kinderly. 
Thomas Lownds & Margaret Teage. 
William Rowse & Joane West. 
John Knight & Agnes Lee. 
Peeter Whitfeild & Ann Larrymo'c. 
John Newton & Vrsula Chichester. 
John Edge & Elizabeth Peaslev. 
Hollydew Chaivell & Mary Clarke. 

July 16:3. 
Thomas Harte and Barb.irah Murrey. 
Richard Nvttintr and Elizabeth Johnson. 
William Stich & Elizabeth Preston. 
Thomas Robinson and Joane Borrows. 
Nicholas Nicholls £ Ann Norman. 
John Rome and Margaret Flewen. 
Robert Graue and Alice Rauson. 
John Sammon and Elizabeth Milliard. 
Thomas Garnet & Susan Maybank. 
1 Christopher N'teinggale & Rose Lodge. 
Thomas Walton & Bridget Sparrow. 
Beniamin Ward &. Mary Butler. 

August 1623. 
William Condale & Susan Pryce. 
Jeffrey Shreiffe and Agnes Sachell. 
Roger Newes and Susan Wroth. 
Peeler Renolds and Ellynor Clarke. 
Aron Degroue and Mary Newball. 
Anthony Britayne & Miry Title. 
John Francklin and Mary Hooper. 
Thomas Halfhead & Joane Sewell. 
Thomas Burrall & Jane Kendall. 
Daniell Godsaue & Agnes Roper. 



44 Weddings at St. Mary, Whitechapel, London. [I .in. 

September 1623. 
Mr. Edward Finch and M res Elleanor Welch. 
Robert Dixson and Lidia Mackhay. 

8, I'eeter Roach and Judith Stanley. 

9, Richard Hurtnall & Elizabeth Diggs. 
14, Patricke Dunkin and Jane Barnes. 

John Perman and Katherin Wallsam. 
23, Phillip Davisson and Anne Gray. 
28, John Vinson and Mary Hopwood. 

28, Thomas Hutchens & Joane Beadle. 

29, Daniell Metcalfe & Mary Mathews. 

29, Cristopher Bayley & Mary Margerisson. 
October 1623. 

William Longrigge and Jane Siokes. 
6, Richard Carpenter & Joane Walbanke. 
6, William Browne and Margaret Coren. 

8, Hugh Large and Jane Woods. 

9, John Cope and Ansilla Johnson. 
9, Thomas Lamberd & Sarah Powell. 

14, Edward Hare and Ellyn Lee. 
16, Joseph Knap and Anne Elletson. 
16, John Barker & Katherin Cowper. 
16, John Dowes and Joane Morris. 

William Powell & Bridget Mirckam. 

Moyses Bonner and Mary Beigham. 

Anthony Tvrner & Dorithy Godsall. 
26, William White and Mary fil'reeman. 

26, George Gardiner & Dorithy Browne. 
Thomas Noble & Elizab Cooke. 

November 1623. 
John Domon & Alice Brackham. 
6, Robert Lincolne & Judeth Darby. 
9, Renold Jewer & Margery Jefleryes. 
Martin Thornell & Elizab : Ryland. 
Edward Rawlins & Mary Purdy. 
James Haynes & Anne Marton. 
13, John Vines and Margaret Froudloue. 

27, Thomas Benn & Margaret Olliver. 

27, John Sayling and Ellyn Whale. 

28, John Carr and Sarah Cornelius. 
December 1623. 

John Cowper & Joane Hallam. 
16, Nicholas Veare & Ambrossa Greenland. 

William Hervard & Sarah Eeke. 

John Awsten & Damorize Hill. 

William Anderson & Katherin Trotter. 
23, Abraham White & Margery Hawton. 

25, Charles Ley & Sissiley Sargent. 

26, Thomas Roberts & Jane Wood. 
28, William Willson & Anne Cox. 

30, Richard Swanley & Elizab : Clarke. 



1892. ] Weddings at St. Mary, Whitechapel, London. 4c 

January 1623. 
Richard Gisby & Margaret Horsley. 
William Russell & Joane Daniell. 
John Osmotherley & Anne Butler. 
Henry Cooke & Margaret Gates. 
George Heade A Margery Cade. 
Nicholas Playe & Alice Cooke. 
Samuell Lokorum & Mary Gardiner. 
John Toplin & Vrsula Reddinge. 

February 1623. 
James Apleton & Agnes Deacon. 
Paule Price & Mary Chesson. 
John Smyth & Prissilla Louewed. 
Nicholas Murrell and Susan Samon. 
Robert Pannell & Margery Tompsen. 
Mr. William Ingram & M' ts - Catherin Grevill. 
William Neale & Hester Cowper. 
Rowland Riccaby & Margaret Barton. 
Thomas Osboorne & Martha Boorne. 
John Keddington & Rachell Ott. 
Thomas Lowe and Mary Webb. 
Thomas Pell and Elizabeth Moncke. 

March 1624. 
Robert Wardall A Honor Masters. 
Thomas Baker & Katherin Carter. 
Richard Cartwright & Elizab : Britaine. 
Edward Bryan & Jane Johnson. 
John Midlelon & Elizabeth Edwards. 
Cuthberd Litle & Bridget Randall. 
Apriil 1624. 
Hugh Thorne & ffrances Tounsend. 
John Baker & Margery Podd. 
fohn Waineright & Mary Se;ile. 
Henry Borrowes & Elizab ■ Davys. 
Robert Harridge & Mary Sibsey. 
John Kave & Jane Osboorne. 
William Methould & Mary Wright. 
William Cowper & Joane Benson. 
Martin Billingsley & Anne Early. 
Thomas Burton & Margaret Cowper. 
Richard White & Sibbell White. 
Gyles Gowers & Elizab : Willbore. 
John Plowman & Agnes Borman. 
John Startup & Margery ffiske. 

May 1624. 
Robert Baker a'ias Presswell [&] Elizab : Norton. 
Andrew Caiman & Margaret Wems. 
Robert Collins and Mary Bridgwood. 
Thomas White & Elizabeth Partridge. 
William Symons & Dorithy Candall. 
Henry Elling & Katheren Shaw. 
Amos Parker & Judith Wingfeild. 



p 



aS Weddings at St. Mary, Whitechapel, London. [Jan. 

June 1624. 

John Smyth & Margaret Plevy. 

William ffirby & Margaret Jell)-. 
15, John Hooke & Joyce Tompson. 
15, William Samon and Mary North. 

Thomas Evered & Joane Abatt. 

Thomas Ellys & Mary Cade. 

John Hopkins & Margaret Lawe. 
24. John Vrye & Ellyn Eaton. 

24, Theophilus Strange & Joane Vancorneput. 

25, Robert Mocke & Katheren Sare. 
Peeter Drapier & Barbrah Tervill. 

27, William Draper & Elizabeth Dixson. 
July 1624. 

William Johnson & Sarah Cordall. 
George Parsons [&] Hanna Rochester. 

4, Henry Wood & Elizabeth Dimocke. 

5, William Spencer & Elizabeth Lewin. 
John Willey & Sarah Pye. 
James Swallow & Mary Clawsor. 

19, George Ell wood & ffrances Willmore. 
ig, John Mullinex & Elizabeth Burton. 
19, John Boole & Katherin Davys. 

25, Jonas Cooke & Ellyn Linsey. 
John Milford & Ann Stonard. 

26, John Watford & Martha Totton. 
26, Tho : Locke & Christian ffrenell. 

28, Tho : Morehowse [&] Elizabeth Pinder. 
August 1624. 

William Millington [&] Elizabeth Peacocke. 
William Charlewood & Margeret Scotton. 

8, William Seabrick & Emme Roberts. 

9, Robert Case & Katherin Thurleby. 
Peeter Wilson & Margeret Grome. 

24, Dauid Inglington & Amey Samon. 

25, Clement Watson and Ame Hopkins. 

26, William Swanborow & Mary Treve. 
George Maye and Anne Hamond. 

30, John Best and Jane Rumney. 

ffrancis Warner & Joyce Tompson. 

September 1624. 
Thomas Andrewes & Anne Thomas. 
7, William King & Alice Hackswell. 
24, William Heaward & Anne Cooke. 

27, William Bucke & Joane Barnett. 
John Porter and Judith Barnes. 

October 1624. 
David Mathewes & Hester Elhvood. 
Bartholomew Walker & Elizab : Heylock. 
Nathaniell Purcas & Mary Harper. 
John Brewerto & Jane Marshall. 
Henry Minnett & Joane Mennings. 



1S9 2. ] Kotes and Queries. 47 

18, Edward Loue & Alice Jefferyes. 

24, ffrancis Larne & Susan Lowson. 

24, Henry Yong & Margaret Arthur. 

25, Stephen Wright & Alice Sidmore. 

26, Tonner Hollyday & Sarah Taylor. 
31, Richard Watkins & Avis Jenkens. 

November 1624. 

1, Richard Booth & Alice Brewer. 

2, Patrick Tompson & Barbery Ixworth. 

4, Silvester More & Jane Baldwin. 

5, Cornelius Slincke & Susanna Twist. 

11, John Boyce & Margaret Eeeles \sic\. 

12, John Driver & Anne Wheeler. 

15, Richard Ball & Alice Winder. 

16, Henry Gvrnet & Jane Richman. 
16, Richard Burt & Jane Adams. 

21, ffrancis Burbeck & Alice Hunter. 

22, Cristopher Brittaine & Eliz[<zjb : Benton. 
25, Robert Porter & Barbrah Abell. 

December 1624. 
2, Robert Slater & Joane Harding. 
9, Abraham ffaber & Abigaille Rose. 
12, William Mayle & Jane Proud. 

( To be continued. ) 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

In* an aviicle on the Thorne Family by the Rev. Arthur H. W. Eaion, in Vol. 
XIX., No. 4. and Vol. XX.. No. 2, of the RECORD, a sketch is given of Capt. Joseph 
Thorne, of Gloucester Co., New Jersey, who was an officer in the Army nf the Rev- 
olution. The date of his death is not given. Since then there has been found in an 
old diary of Joseph Hinchman's (descendant of a Long Island family), who was a 
connection and neighbor of Capt. Thorne, the following entry under ihe head of 
deaths : " Nov. the 19'h, 1F19. Elderly Joseph Thorne, aged nearly ninety years." 
In an old account book, now in the possession , f Mr. John Redman of Haddonfield 
(descended from Dr. Thomas Redman of Philadelphia!, is a record of a member of 
the family who was a school-teacher in Haddonfield at 1 lie period of the Revolution. 
In it is the following account with Capt. Thorne for teaching his children, which 
illustrates most graphically the process of getting an education at that time : 

Jos. Thorn Dr. s. it. 

1775 Jan. To Kiz & Samuel 6 weeks each (a school & wood 10 6 

" 16 "' Rebecca ji weeks (a school & wood 4 IO 

Apl. 12 " Kiz, Samuel & Rebecca 7 weeks 19 10 

" June 7 " Rebecca 5 weeks & I day @ school 4 2 

" July 28 " Samuel 4 weeks & 4 days @ school 3 II 

211 3 

£ s. d. 

1783 Apl. 19 Jos. Thorn Cr. By Cash Rec'd 1 3 6 

Nov. 1 •' " " a pair of boot legs ... . 15 o 

1 " " " Cash in full ' 13 9 

It will be noticed that the war delayed the payment of the bill, but did not cancel 

debt. JN'O R. STEVENSON, M.D. 



a g Obituary. [Jan., 

Information is desired as to the ancestry in either or both male and female 
lines of the following-named families : 

James Cock and Sarah , his wife, of Setauket, alias Cromwell's Bay, Suffolk 

Co., N. Y., in 1659; Oysterbay, Queen's Co., N. Y., 1663; Killingworth, now 
Matinecock, in same township, by and after 1669. 

Abraham Ailing (subs. Allen), blacksmith, came to Oysterbay before 1680. 

fames Perce or Pearce (subs. Pierce), born Dec. 20, 1700, and Elizabeth Law- 
rence, his wife, born June 10, 1705 ; residents some time of Musketa Cove (now Glen 
Cove), Queen's Co., N. Y., and subsequently of Philipsburgh, now Pleasantville, 
Westchester Co., N. Y. 

Jacob Covert and Mary Banker or Bancker, his wife, residents in 1760 of vicinity 
of Peekskill. He probably from Long Island, and she, perhaps, descendant of Louw- 
rens Matthyssen Benekert and Niesje De Groot. GEO. w. cocks, 

Glen Cove, Queen's Co., N. Y. 

In the Record for October, 1891, page 174, Rev. Arthur Wentworlh Hamilton 
Eaton in the first sentence of his account of the Thornes, says : 

•' So far as I know no Loyalist Family has ever before been completely traced in 
the pages of the Record, or indeed has ever had its full genealogy published." 

Referring to the " Hawley Record" published last year, Mr. Eaton would find 
the genealogies of Mathew Hawley of Connecticut, who removed to Nova Scotia ; of 
lehiel and Abel Hawley of Arlington, Vt., who went to Canada, and Samuel of 
Conn., the last of whom is named in Sabine's Loyalists. These, like the Thornes, 
were staunch adherents of the Church of England. ELIAS s. hawley. 

In reponse to the " ?" after the clause, "Leaves wife Hannah " in the article 
entitled, " Original Records of the Families of Herbert and Morgan," page 41, Jan., 
1890, of the Record, the family name of Francis Herbert's wife can probably be 
supplied by a quotation from the Records of the Township of Oysterbay, Queen's 
Co., N. Y. " 16SS — Daniel Applegate, of Shrewsbury, N. J., Francis Harbour and 
wife that was formerly Hannah Applegate, and Mary Applegale, children and heirs 
of John Applegate, late of Oyster bay, dec'd." geo. w. cocks, 

Glen Cove, Queen's Co., N. Y. 

For the use of the beautiful frontispiece to this number representing the Bayard 
country seat, near Leyden, in Holland, as it appeared about 1640 ; also the picture of 
the Bayard Bible, and the portrait and accompanying autograph of Judge Bayard, 
together with the Bayard arms, the RECORD is indebted to the publishers of General 
Wilson's " Memorial History of the City cf New York." They are examples of 
about one thousand illustrations which will appear in that work. 

Information is requested concerning Jacob Tremper, whose daughter married 
John Maley. He was living in 1713. Who were his parents and whom did he 
'many.' c. 11. F. 



OBITUARY. 



Richard King, Esq., died at his home, 20 Fifth Avenue, in this city, on Satur- 
day, November 21, iSgi, aged sixty-nine. He was a descendant of Richard King, 
of Scarborough, Me., through Rufus 3 and John Alsop'. (Record, Vol. XXIL, 
p. 160.) 

Hon. John Alsop King, just mentioned, was Secretary of the American Legation 
at London in 1825; Member of U. S. Congress from New York, 1S49-51, and Gov- 
ernor of the State of New York in 1856 and 1858. He married, January 3, 1810, 
Mary, daughter of Cornelius and Elizabeth Ray. Richard King, his youngest son, 
and the subject of this notice, was born in 1S22. He received a carefuljlraining for 
mercantile life, and began his business career in the cotton trade in New York City. 
Later on he turned his attention to banking, and in 1S55 received the appointment of 
Assistant Cashier in the Bank of Commerce in this city. On the election of Mr. 
H. F. Vail to the presidency of the bank, Mr. King became cashier. In 1882, on the 
retirement of Mr. Vail, Mr. King was made president, and held the office until his 
death, though for several months past his declining health had compelled him to 
relinquish the active management of the bank. In 1847, Mr. King married Miss 



1892.] Book Notices. 40 

Lewis, of Philadelphia, by whom he had three sons and one daughter. His son, 
Richard King, Jr., alone survives him. Mr. King was a gentleman of sterling integ- 
rity and of genial temperament, which greatly endeared him to all who knew him. 
He was very successful in commercial life, and leaves behind an enviable reputation 
as a skilful financier. His funeral was at ( irace Church, on Tuesday, November 24, 
and the interment was in the family plot at Jamaica, L. I. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

The Memorial History of the City of New York from its First Set- 
tlement to the Year 1892. Edited by James Grant Wilson. Vol. I. Svo, pp. 
606. The New York History Company, 132 Nassau Street. 1892. 

Twenty years ago the poet Bryant suggested to the editor of this work the neces- 
sity that existed for a full and elaborate history of New York, and at a later time the 
historian Bancroft advised him to prepare such a work. The scheme has been work- 
ing in his mind, and preparations have been making for several years, by study and 
researches in Holland and England and at home. The arrangement of the book is 
in chapters written by different writers. This plan, which is something like that of 
the great Encyclopaedias, is thought to be the best way of employing the knowledge 
and ability of experts. For instance, if Dr. Da Costa write the history of the early 
explorations of the North American coast, Mr. Gerard and Mr. Fernow that of the 
times of William Kieft and Peter Stuyvesant, and Eugene Lawrence of the adminis- 
tration of Richard Nicolls, th» names of such scholars are a sufficient assurance 
that the work is done by competent and trustworthy persons. The other wi iters in 
the first volume are Edward M. Ruttenber, the Rev. Daniel Van Pelt, the Kev. 
Ashbell G. Vermilye, William L. Stone, Marcus Benjamin, Charles Burr Todd, 
Robert Ludlow Fowler, Charles R. Hildeburn and the Editor, who undertakes the 
history of the voyage of Henry Hudson and of the administration of Minuit and 
Van Twiller. »The history is brought down to the year 1698 ; and the last two chap- 
ters contain a discussion of the constitutional and legal history of New York, and an 
account of the progress of the art of printing in the seventeenth century. The last 
chapter contains many curious illustrations and fac-similes of early printing. We 
notice that the title page of Denton's Brief Description of New York appears to have 
been taken from Gowan's copy, which wants the date. The copy belonging to Colum- 
bia College is complete, and gives the dale, 1070. This valuable copy is bound up in 
a volume of old quarto pamphlets, chiefly of the seventeenth century, a species of 
literature in which the college is very rich. The second and third volumes are to 
contain the history of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and the fourth will 
give monographs and accounts of special departments, such as churches, colleges, 
museums, libraries, and an elaborate article by the Editor on the authors of New 
York, with about thirty vignette portraits The fine plate which forms the frontis- 
piece of the present number is one of fifteen full-page illustrations and steel engrav- 
ings in the volume. In addition to these, there are nearly three hundred illustrations 
in the text. 

The Church of England in Nova Scotia and the Tory Clergy of 
the Revolution. By Arthur Wentworth Eaton. i2mo, pp. 320. New York : 
T. Whittaker, 1891. 

This book should have a peculiar interest for New Yorkers. It is well known 
that many representatives of New York families removed to Nova Scotia and New 
Brunswick, which was then a part of the former province, after the war of the Revo- 
lution and began life anew. The first bishop of Nova Scotia had been the last rector 
of Trinity Church under royal rule. Nova Scotia was an old but thinly settled 
colony, while New Brunswick was, to all intents and purposes, a new plantation. 
The traditions of the settlers, many of whom had been reduced from wealth to pov- 
erty, tell tales of toils and hardships, which have come down by tradition in their 
own families, but which have not found their way into print. From his connection 
with such families, Mr. Eaton is well qualified for the work which he has undertaken, 
and which he has done well. iThe first half of the book gives the ecclesiastical his- 
tory of these provinces, the second gives sketches of the exiled clergy, who went 
voluntarily or otherwise from the Thirteen Republics, as Mr. Cooper calls the colonies 
4 



^O Donations to the Library. [Jan., 1892. 

which became afterwards the United States. This compact and comprehensive vol- 
ume contains also accounts of the later bishops, of distinguished laymen, of the royal 
governors, and of the missions of religious bodies not of the Church of England. 
The extensive ground of research which it covers lias been heretofore almost unex- 
plored ; and the work does great credit to the ability and industry of the author. 

Pedigree of King, of Lynn, Essex County, Mass., 1602-1891. Five Lines 
OF Descent traced py Rufus King, Esq., of Vonkers, N. Y. 

This beautifully printed pedigree from the press of DeVinne& Co., is a companion 
sheet to the " Pedigree of King of Salem, Mass.," published by Mr. King in 1887. 
Daniel Kinge, of l.ynn, born 1601, and William Kinge of Salem, born 1595, were 
the founders of the two families in New England. It does not appear that they were 
related to each other. Mr. Henry F. Waters, A.M., of Salem, was successful in 
discovering the English parentage of Daniel Kinge. as set forth in the pedigree, and 
is still engaged in researches in England, looking toward a more complete history of 
the family there. This pedigree of King, of Lynn, clears up finally and satisfactorily 
the relationship between the families of Atkinson and King, which has been for a 
long time an unsolved genealogical problem. \v. o. 

Memoranda Relating to the Mifflin Family. By John Houston Merrill. 
8vo, pp. 91. Printed for private distribution. 

This handsome volume was prepared for Mr. James Mifflin, of Philadelphia. It 
does not profess to be a complete genealogy ; but its purpose is, as the author says, 
" to preserve in convenient ami durable shape information of value relating to an old 
and prominent family." This is, however, a very modest account of a book which 
contains, besides a history and pedigree of the Mifflin and allied families, many 
biographical and historical sketches, and many original documents and interesting 
letters. The arms indicate a common origin with the old family of Morfyn of Essex 
and Kent. 

DONATIONS TO THE LIBRARY. 

Rufus King. Thomas Lechford's Note Book, 1638-41, in Boston. Massachusetts 
Bay, published by the American Antiquarian Society, Cambridge, 1885 — Town 
Records of Southold, L. I. 2 Vols.. Libers A. B. C, published at Southold, L. I., 
1882 — First Centenary of the North Church and Society, Salem, Mass., printed 
for the Society, Salem, 1873 — Singular Surnames, collected by Edward D. Ingraham; 
edited by Wm. Duane, Phil., 1S73 — First Church in Salem, Mass. ; a pamphlet, 
published by Essex Institute. 1S71 — Descendants of Peter Cooper, Rowley, Mass.. 
a pamphlet, by A. K. 1'. Cooper, Portland, 1S85 — Memorial of Rufus H. King. 

Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. Addresses of the Loyal Legion, New York Command- 
ery. Edited by the Donor, New York, 1S91. Two Epochs : Their Great Men, 
and Their Great Works, by Rev. Dr. C. 1'.. Smith, New York, 1891 : Memorial, 
I >r. David Livingstone, New York, 1SS6 ; Hancock in the War of the Rebellion, 
by Gen. Francis A. Walker, New York. 1891, and The Relation of the Clergy to 
the Faith and Order of the Church, by Bishop Henry C. Potter, New York, 1891. 

Richard H. Greene. Brooklyn Directories, 1S53-55 — Year books of Reformed 
Dutch Church, N. Y.. iSSg-go-gi — State Engineers Reports, 1871-73-75-78-79 
— City Charter of Brooklyn, N.Y. — N.Y. Weekly Digest, Aug. to Nov. 1S75— Re- 
ports of Sec. of Treasury. Vols. 1-2-3-4-6-7 — Report of Supt. of Public Instruction 
— Revised Statutes of N.Y., New York Code. 3d, 4th and 5th edition. Twenty- 
five pamphlets. 

Miss Helen M. Fisher. List of about S000 persons confined in the British prison 
ships during the Revolutionary war. Published by the Society of Old Brooklyn- 
ites, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1888. 

M. D. Raymond. History of the old Dutch Church at Sleepy Hollow, by Rev. 
John Knox Allen. — The action at Tarrytown, by Richard B. Coutant. 

E. J. Cleveland, Hartford, Ct. Sexton's Record Book of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Elizabethtown, N -w Jersey, 1766-1S00. 

Holland Society. Constitu f ion and Bye-laws, N. Y., 1891. 

Huguenot Society. Proceedings, Vol. 2. 

Bureau of Education. Three Reports. 



THE NEW YORK 

(Seneatogtcal aitir ^iograplncal $ec0rlr. 



NEW YORK, APRIL, 1892. 



A SHORT SKETCH OF THE CHARACTER AND LIFE OF 
JOHN PAUL JONES, 

Captain in iiik United States Navy, Chevalier of the " Military Order 
of Merit" of France, Rear Admiral of the Russian Navy, and Mem- 
ber of the Russian "Order of Anne." 

Read before the .\Vt<' York Genealogical <m,t Biographical Society, January 8, [892. 



By Josiah C. Pumfelly. 



In these days when Americans are waking up to pay a tribute to the 
memory of their patriots who achieved for them their national indepen- 
dence, a testimonial is due to one as brave and wise as any other, who 
perilled life as well as reputation for our sakes, the gallant John Paul 
Jones. A careful and candid review of his services, and the motives 
which inspired him, will assure to him a place of honor with the most 
exalted. That he was brave and adventurous is but a meagre acknowl- 
edgment. He was wary, sagacious, Jar seeing ; and we owe to him the 
adoption of that policy or organization and appointment which enabled our 
militia of the ocean to vindicate our arms in the war of 1812, and to dis- 
pute with older and prouder nations the title to dominion on the sea. 
To honor such a man is to honor ourselves. Besides, the career of John 
Paul Jones, like that of Lafayette, has a flavor of romance about it that 
excites the imagination and inspires us to emulate his courage, his sagac- 
ity, and his daring spirit of adventure. 

It has been fashionable in English Tory circles to decry Paul Jones as 
a mere soldier of fortune, a buccaneer and outlaw. When the war for 
American independence was fought, it was not the practice to accord the 
rights of belligerents to a people in rebellion. Even though Jones held a 
commission from the Congress of the United States and commanded a 
vessel with the national ensign floating from the mast, he was neverthe- 
less, according to British Admiralty law and jurisprudence, a pirate and 
nothing more. This was the usage of a nation, that a century before had 
men in commission in every sea committing acts of piracy upon the ship- 
ping and seaports of other countries with which Great Britain was pro- 
fessedly at peace. Because John Paul Jones saw fit to cast his lot with 
the new nation, and accept a command in its navy, English pens and 
orators were eloquent to heap his name mountains high with foul appel- 
lations. 

The subject of this sketch, however, was no renegade adventurer, no 
Captain Dalgetty, with a sword to place at a stipulated price at the service 
of any who might be willing to pay ; infinitely less was he one who had 



r2 Character and Life of John Paul Jones. [April, 

engaged in the cause for the sake of plunder and pillage. The son of 
poor parents in Scotland, and growing up with opportunities both narrow 
and meagre, he early exhibited a daring spirit, and was regarded by his 
young associates as one born to command. His father, John Paul, was 
the gardener upon the estate of Mr. Craik, of Arbigland, on Solway 
Firth. Certain of his title-worshipping admirers asserted that while 
humble Jenny McDuff was his mother his real father was the Earl of Sel- 
kirk. 1'his was a calumny throughout, and the gardener's son by his 
deeds proclaimed to the world that it needs not the blood of a peer, 
created maybe but yesterday, to give paternity to a true nobleman. 

" What can ennoble sots or slaves or cowards ? 
Alas, not all the blood of all the Howards." 

Our hero (the youngest of five children) was born on the 6th of July, 
1847. At the age of twelve he was apprenticed to a shipping merchant, 
in whose employ he sailed to Virginia, where his elder brother, a planter, 
had lived for several years. Young John Paul had now begun the study 
of navigation, and was on the alert to enrich his mind with learning and 
literature as he found opportunity. His master having suffered losses in 
trade, his indentures were cancelled, and he found himself at the age of 
sixteen his own master. He had won praises for fidelity, intelligence 
and sobriety ; and with his limited chances had become well informed in 
various branches of knowledge. 

We find him in 1766, shipped as third mate on board the Two 
Friends, where his energy and efficiency soon won his promotion to a 
higher rank. The vessel was engaged in the African slave trade, then 
considered by the highest authorities of state and church a reputable call- 
ing, which even John Newton pursued without a doubt of its consistency 
with a Christian profession. But John Paul, now first mate of his ship 
and with every prospect of great pecuniary advantage, became quickly 
conscious of its enormous wickedness, and abandoned the enterprise, 
taking passage at the earliest opportunity back to Scotland. On the voy- 
age home, the captain and mate of the vessel dying, he took command, 
at the solicitation of the crew, and brought her with a valuable cargo safe 
into port. The owners, prompt to acknowledge the value of his services, 
made him master of the vessel. He sailed twice to the West Indies, and 
afterward took command of a London merchant vessel. 

His brother had died childless and intestate, and he now went to 
Virginia to take charge of the estate. It was not a remunerative busi- 
ness, however, and we find him at Fredericksburg in 1773 in straitened 
circumstances. About this time he made the acquaintance of the broth- 
ers William and Alan Jones of North Carolina, and at their invitation 
spent a season with them. They were men of broad views and philan- 
thropic character, and young Paul was able in their society to acquire 
more expanded conceptions of general affairs and public policy. Here 
he gained those attainments which enabled him a few years later to 
mingle in society at Paris and St. Petersburg, and to shine among noble- 
men at court. His appreciation and gratitude for the generous kindness 
of his entertainers led him to acknowledge it significantly by taking their 
name; and from this period he was known as John Paul Jones.* 

* Since writing the above from documents that I have seen and information given 
me by Mrs. Thomas B. Mil-grave (Fannie E. Jones), whose great grandfather was 



)2.] Character and Life of John Paul [one 



53 



The outbreak of the American Revolution aroused him to activity. 
Obtaining a letter of recommendation from Dr. Hugh Mercer of Freder- 
icksburg, he proceeded to Philadelphia, and offered his services to the 
Continental Congress in the navy about to be created. The committee to 
whom his application was referred were at first at a loss, because of his 
new surname. Both John Langdon and Silas Deane had heard of John 
Paul, but only Richard Henry Lee was able to recognize the man. At 
his instance, John Paul Jones was commissioned, December 2 2d, 1775, 
lieutenant in the new American Navy, his name being the first on the list. 
He was appointed to the ship Alfred, and when the commander-in-chief 
came on board, he, for the first time in our history, unfurled the flag — 
having the device of a rattlesnake with the motto, "Do not tread on 
me." Flag and commander fitted well together, for no serpent was ever 
moie ready to strike than was he. 

Admiral Porter pays him this tribute: — "It is certain that Paul 
Jones was a true patriot, a thorough seaman, a good disciplinarian, and a 
man of literary attainments." He was at this date 29 years of age, 
healthy and well-knit, and a man certain to distinguish himself. In his 
first expedition he captured the New Providence, with cannon and stores ; 
and afterward, on a cruise for six weeks, when overhauled by the English 
frigate Solebay, he, by his address and extraordinary seamanship, suc- 
ceeded in saving himself and his ship. He next sailed to Cape Breton, 
returning with many prizes. He also intercepted vessels laden with 
clothing and other necessaries, on the way to Lord Cornwallis, which 
proved very acceptable to our poorly clad continental soldiers. 

Strange as it may appear to us, Jones, instead of being honored and 
promoted for these brilliant achievements and successes, was actually 
superseded. The American Congress at that period had not emancipated 
itself from the British notion and custom of giving the places of distinction 
to the members of distinguished families. Jones remonstrated forcibly 
against this practice as discouraging and destructive to efficient service. 
He presented a plan for an organization of the navy, which, as one author 
declares, "showed him to have been the most enlightened naval officer 
in our service, and that his sound and comprehensive views were equal 
to his bravery." No man should receive a commission, he fearlessly 
asserted, except he had been found competent, by a thorough examina- 
tion as to ability and other qualifications. Jones also insisted that the 
officers should be carefully graded anew, and that prize money should be 
awarded only to successful crews. He also proposed the creation of a 
regular board of admiralty. 

Most of these suggestions were adopted, and thus the American Navy 
was founded upon principles assuring the greatest efficiency, and based 
upon those views of the Civil Service which have been partially introduced 
into other departments, with more or less advantage. 

In June, 1777, Jones became the commander of the Ranger. His 

John Jones, a colonel in the Continental Army, I think it is quite evident that he and 
William and Morgan Jones, all formerly from North Carolina, and men of position 
and wealth, aided John Paul, and from them he took the name of Jones. In one of 
John Paul's earliest letters, if not the first in which he signed himself John Paul 
Jones, he spoke of a benefactor found here, which caused him to take the side of this 
country in'its war for independence. This explains the cause and clears up the 
mystery of why John Paul, poorand unknown, had the indorsement of Richard Henry 
Lee and others to enter our navy. 



5 4 Character and Lije of John Paul Jones. | April, 

commission described the national standard as consisting of thirteen 
stripes with twelve stars on a blue field, significative of the new nation as 
a new constellation in the sky. One star was wanting, as Maryland had 
not then united with the Confederation. Patriotic women of Philadelphia, 
with whom the gallant captain was personally a favorite, wrought the flag 
and presented it to him with becoming ceremonies. 

Writing to Baron Van der Capellen, two years afterward, Jones makes 
this assertion : "I had the honor to hoist with my own hands the flag of 
freedom the first time it was displayed on the river Delaware, and I have 
attended it with veneration ever since." 

Soon afterward, he was ordered to France, there to perfect and carry 
out plans for attacking the British seacoast. He sailed in November, and 
a month later waited upon the American Commissioners, Dr. Franklin, 
Arthur Lee, and Silas Deane, at Paris. They were engaged in nego- 
tiations with the French Ministry, and were fully empowered to concert 
and direct measures against Great Britain. While waiting here, Jones 
submitted a plan of naval operations, which afterward was made the basis 
of instructions to Count d'Estaing when he was despatched to America. 

On the 6th of February, 1778, the treaty of alliance between France 
and the new republic was signed, and eight days after the "star-spangled 
banner," at the mast-head of the Ranger, was honored by a salute of nine 
guns from the flag-ship of Admiral Piquet. This was virtually the first 
recognition of American independence by a great European power. 

Earlv in April, Jones sailed from France to carry out his cherished pro- 
ject of reprisal, the avenging upon Great Britain the forays and burnings 
of towns to which her soldiery had resorted in America. It was a perilous 
undertaking ; he was liable to capture by the numerous vessels plying in 
the Channel and other waters, and if captured could not hope to escape 
death as a pirate. Danger, however, had irresistible attraction for our 
rover of the sea. "Give me a good, staunch ship," was his appeal to the 
American Congress, "for I intend to go in harm's way." 

Nor was he long in showing that the British Navy, despite its boasted 
invincibleness, was unable to protect its coasts, and that the distress created 
by the British forces in America could be brought to their own doors. Leav- 
ing Brest, he sailed through the Bristol Channel, and made an attack on 
Whitehaven, where nineteen years before he had for the first time donned 
a sailor's suit. Here were anchored about 300 sail. He succeeded in setting 
several vessels on fire before daylight, and would have done still greater 
damage if it had not been for the timely humanity of one of his officers. 
The same day he invaded St. Mary's Isle, near Kirkcudbright, hoping to 
carry away Lord Selkirk for a hostage. Here Jones had begun his career 
as a seaman, and Lord Selkirk had befriended both him and his family. 
He hoped by this step to compel the British Government to agree upon 
some fair plan of exchange of prisoners, and to put an end to the practice 
of throwing all who were captured into dungeons as traitors, pirates, and 
felons. The earl, however, was absent in London, and Jones's officers 
insisted upon the right to carry off the valuables. In America, they said, 
no delicacy was shown by the English, who took away all sorts of movable 
property, not only setting fire to towns and to the houses of the rich with- 
out distinction, but not even sparing the wretched hamlets and milch- 
cows of the poor and helpless, at the approach of an inclement winter. 
Jones was obliged to comply. The plate was carried oft", but no other 



1892.I Character and Life of /o/m Paul [ones. 55 

injury was done. It was delivered at the door, and no man entered the 
house. 

Jones afterward addressed a letter to Lady Selkirk, deploring the affair, 
paying a warm tribute to the character of her husband, and declaring that 
he was not in arms merely as an American nor in pursuit of wealth. '• I 
profess myself a citizen of the world," said he, "unfettered by the little, 
mean distinctions of climate, or of country, which diminish the benev- 
olence of the heart and set bounds to philanthropy. I have sacrificed not 
only my favorite scheme of life, but the softer affections of the heart and 
my prospects of domestic happiness, and I am ready to sacrifice my life 
also with cheerfulness, if that forfeiture would restore peace and good 
will among mankind." 

At the earliest opportunity after the restoration of peace Jones pur- 
chased the captured plate and returned it to Lord and Lady Selkirk, 
accompanied by a letter truly eloquent. 

The same day of the attack on Whitehaven and the occurrence at the 
Selkirk mansion, the British ship-of-vvar Drake, with twenty guns and an 
unusual force of men, came out from Carrickfergus to intercept the Ran- 
ger. It was not an equal conflict, but after sixty-five minutes the British 
commander fell, and the American was victor. 

Returning to France with his prize and two hundred prisoners, Jones 
became the lion of the time. Everywhere he was received with plaudits 
for his gallantry and daring seamanship. But he chafed at the delays 
which he now encountered. He wanted a larger vessel, and it had been 
promised, but courts and public officials are proverbially slow and remiss. 
At length, through the efforts and influence of Franklin, his wish was 
granted, and he, in acknowledgment of the favor, named his new vessel 
Poor Richard, or, as the French rendered it, Bon Homme Richard. 
Taking the command he set sail with a small squadron in the midst of a 
tremendous storm. 

He had become the terror of the British coasts. His exploits were 
more or less illustrated by a kind of romance, which had set forth his 
fame and reputation in both hemispheres. He was inspired with unre- 
lenting hostility toward the mother-country, where he was regarded as a 
pirate and outlaw, and determined by every legitimate means to bring her 
to account for her cruelty and injustice. 

He was landing at Leith, to levy a contribution upon the town, when, 
the inhabitants supposing his fleet to be an English squadron, a member 
of parliament residing there sent a boat to ask him for powder and balls, in 
order that they might give ' ' the pirate Jones " a proper reception. Jones 
> sent him a barrel of powder, adding his regrets at having no shot to 
spare. 

There is a laughable story related in connection with this incident, 
which illustrates the popular feeling of the time. As the little squadron 
bore down upon a Scottish town, the minister of the kirk assembled his 
congregation upon the beach, and kneeling down, uttered the following 
remarkable supplication : "Now, dear Lord, dinna ye think it a shame 
for ye to send this vile pirate to rob our folk o' Kirkaldy ; for ye ken they 
are puir enow already and hae naething tae spare. The way the wind 
blows he'll be here in a jiffy ; and wha kens what he may do ? He's nae 
too gude for anything. I hae been lang a faithfu' servant to ye, Lord ; 
but gin ye dinna turn the ween about and blow the scoundrel out of our 



56 Character and Life of John Paul Jones. [April, 

gate, I'll nae stir a foot, but will just sit here till the tide comes. Sae tak 
yer will o't." 

This remonstrance would seem to have had its effect. At that 
moment, to the astonishment and delight of those assembled, a fierce 
gale sprung up. One of Jones's prizes was driven ashore, and he was 
compelled to stand out to sea. The demand upon the magistrates o 
Leith was never presented. 

If the kind fates indeed watched over the good people of Leith, it mav 
have been to enable Jones to signalize himself in the achievement which 
has cast all his other victories into the shade. On the night of the 23d 
of September, 1779, he encountered the British ships Serapis and Countess 
of Scarborough, then convoying the fleet to the Baltic. The fight was a 
most unequal one, and the action was terrific. The Serapis was new, 
thoroughly equipped, and superbly manned, besides having an unrivaled 
reputation for speed. On the other hand, the Bon Homme Richard was 
an East Indiaman, old, battered, and in no condition for such an encounter. 
Only two of the squadron were near, and one of these from unworthy 
reasons took no part in the fray. For Jones there was no middle ground ; 
he had only death in action, or the penalty of the corsair in prospect, 
except he should win in the unequal conflict. It was a battle after his 
own heart. 

At the first fire two of his guns burst, blowing off the deck of his vessel. 
A few moments afterward the two ships came afoul of each other, and 
Jones seized the opportunity to lash the head of the Serapis to his mizzen- 
mast. The muzzles of the guns now touched, and the gunners were 
compelled when ramming home their charges to thrust their ramrods into 
the ports of the other vessel. Every explosion tore huge gaps in the side 
of the antagonist. Never had an English commander met such a foeman 
or fought such a battle. 

Jones, with all the disasters around him, his heaviest guns unservice- 
able and a great part of his deck blown away, maintained the utmost 
coolness. At every discharge his cannon bounded like mad creatures in 
their fastenings, and the ship rolled on her side, till the yard arms seemed 
about to sweep the water. The moon was high in the heaven, but her 
face was eclipsed by the smoke, and the combatants fought by the light of 
the guns. 

Perceiving that the American vessel must inevitably sink before long 
the captain of the Serapis cried out: " Have you struck your colors? 
then come alongside." Jones merely answered him: " I have not yet 
begun to fight." As though to perpetrate an act of treachery worthy 
of Benedict Arnold or General Charles Lee, the Advance one of 
Jones's squadron came up and discharged several broadsides upon 
her consort and then sailed away. This occurrence has never been 
explained. 

But as is often the case, Jones was in greater danger from some of the 
men acting with him. The gunner of the Poor Richard came to him 
with the information that the vessel was on fire, and the water fast rising 
in the hold. Jones who was helping work the guns simply answered : 
"If we cannot do any better we will sink alongside." The distracted 
man accompanied by the ship's carpenter hurried aft to lower the flag on 
their own account. It had already been shot away and was floating on 
the water. Lieutenant James Bayard Stafford plunged in, recovered it, 



i S92. ] Character and Life of John Paul Jones. $j 

and nailed it to the mast, receiving a wound that disabled him for life. 
The rescued banner is still a precious heir-loom in his family. 

The prisoners taken from the Serapis were placed at the pumps, Jones 
declaring to them that if they refused, he would take them to the bottom 
of the sea with him. Missiles of every conceivable character within reach 
were employed. The conflict raged for three and a half hours. Both 
vessels were on fire, and in a fair way to consign their crews to sure 
destruction. Finally at half past ten the Serapis struck her colors, and 
the fierce battle was ended. 

The report of the commander exhibits the dire straits at which he had 
fought. " The rudder of the Bon Homme Richard had been cut away, 
stern frame and transoms were gone almost entirely, and the timbers of the 
lower deck were mangled beyond power of description. One must have 
been an eye-witness to form a just idea of the tremendous scene of car- 
nage, wreck and ruin which everywhere appeared. Prisoners and men 
were transferred as soon as might be to the captive vessel and before day- 
light the Bon Homme Richard had sunk to the depths of the sea. 

This victory created wild enthusiasm among the friends of the new 
nation. Jones ran into the Trexel with his prizes, and was received at 
Amsterdam with the warmest praises. Franklin wrote to him from 
Passy : " Scarce anything is talked of at Paris and Versailles but your cool 
conduct and persevering bravery during that terrible conflict." 

The English nobility were mad with rage. The Premier was lavish in 
his denunciations of Jones as a pirate, and Sir Joseph Yorke the Minister 
of the Hague echoed his language. Jones repaired to Paris where he was 
greeted by a flattering reception at Court. Versailles and Paris alike 
caressed and courted him. He was the hero of song and fashion. Louis 
XVI. presented him with a golden sword inscribed : " Vindicati Maris 
Ludovicus XVI. remuneratur strenuo vindici." 

Leave was asked from our Congress to invest him with the military 
Order of Merit, an honor only conferred on individuals who had actually 
borne arms under the Commission of France. 

If Jones's head had been turned with the attentions it would have 
been no wonder. An English lady at Paris described him as "a smart 
little man of thirty-six, who speaks but little French, appears to be an 
extraordinary genius, a poet as well as hero, and is greatly admired by 
the ladies, who are all wild for love of him as he is for them." The same 
person writes again : "Since my last, Paul Jones drank tea and stopped 
here. If I am in love with him I may die ; I have as many rivals as 
there are ladies : but most formidable of all of them is still the Countess 
Lavourdal who possesses all his heart." 

His verses are in ballad style, and one critic indeed goes so far as to 
declare them "better than those of Lord Nelson, and not in the least 
discreditable to his genius." They cannot, however, be considered to 
be as trenchant as his sword. 

But Jones, although conspicuous as a gallant, did not permit amuse- 
ment, romance, and love-dreams to interfere with his exertions in behalf 
of his country. His letters to Franklin and Lafayette exposing the 
unfriendliness and treachery of Landais, show him to have had no little 
diplomatic talent. 

Returning to America in 1781, Jones proceeded to Philadelphia, and 
on the 1 8th of February underwent an examination before the Board of 



58 Character and Life of John Paul [ones. [April, 

Admiralty. The result was a report from which we extract the following : 
"The conduct of Paul Jones merits particular attention and some dis- 
tinguished mark of approbation from Congress." A resolution was 
accordingly adopted highly laudatory of him for his "zeal, prudence, 
and intrepidity;" requesting our Minister in France, Mr. Jefferson, to 
inform the King of the "high satisfaction which it had derived from the 
conduct and gallant behavior of Captain Paul Jones, and that his Majesty's 
offer of adorning him with a cross of Military Merit is highly acceptable 
to Congress." 

Soon afterward the French Minister, M. Luzerne, at a banquet given 
by him, conferred upon Jones the degree of Chevalier in the name of the 
King, and invested him with the Order of Merit as specified. General 
Washington also wrote him a letter of congratulation, and Congress 
afterward voted him a gold medal in testimonial of his services. 

Despite his republican sentiments, Jones was deeply gratified at his 
new rank, and always delighted in the title of Chevalier. 

In June, 1782, he was appointed to the command of the new ship-of- 
the-line America, then constructing at Portsmouth. Jones highly appre- 
ciated this appointment as virtually making him Chief Captain and 
impliedly a Rear Admiral of the Navy. On his way to Portsmouth he 
visited General Washington who received him cordially. Noticing that 
Jones somewhat ostentatiously displayed the jewel of the Order of Merit, 
the General suggested that it might be unpleasing to some of the men 
from New England, upon which Jones concealed it under his waistcoat. 

His ambition was again disappointed. When the America was com- 
pleted she was presented to France as a token of gratitude for assistance 
and support. Jones, however, by permission of Congress, served in the 
French fleet, remaining there till the end of the war. His career in 
the naval service of the United States was then terminated. 

He afterward went to Paris, where he succeeded in obtaining for 
himself and comrades the prize-money to which they were entitled. His 
accounts were also satisfactorily adjusted by Congress. He again became 
a lion at the French capital. Falling in company with Ledyard the 
famous traveler, he projected a scheme in concert with him of traffic in 
furs between our Northwestern country and China ; but nothing came of it. 

We next find Chevalier Jones obtaining employment under the Russian 
government. The Minister at Paris had suggested to his mistress the 
Empress Catherine that Commander Jones in command of the fleet in 
the Black Sea, with discretionary powers, would be able within a year to 
menace Constantinople. The invitation was given, and in April 1788 
Jones proceeded to St. Petersburg, where he was cordially received and 
duly commissioned as a Rear Admiral in the Russian service. He was not 
long in making a good report for himself, attacking the Turks many 
times and always winning victories. The Empress in recognition of his 
services conferred on him the Order of St. Anne, and presented him with 
a gold mounted sword. Returning to St. Petersburg for further instruc- 
tions, he laid plans before her to extend commercial relations with the 
other countries of Christendom, and for pushing her conquests with 
greater energy toward the Turkish Capital. 

He was, however, no longer the favorite that he had been at the 
Russian Court. He had excited the jealousy of certain Englishmen, 
officers in Russia, by his achievements, as well as by certain favors which 



1892.] Character and Life of John Paul /ones. 5 Q 

he had gained in social circles. Here he seems not to have acted with 
dignity nor with his usual discretion. Indeed, we are at a loss to com- 
prehend intelligently how he after his professions of enthusiasm for 
freedom in America, should exhibit eagerness for employment in the 
most profligate court and under the most unmitigated despotism of the 
Eastern hemisphere. Even after suffering neglect and contemptuous 
treatment from the Minister Potemkin, and insult from the Prince of 
Nassau and his officers, Jones persisted in his endeavors to secure favor 
from the Empress. Sorrowfully his biographer remarks : 

" The generous reader must be pained to see a man of unquestioned 
bravery and of very considerable talent and professional skill, who, in his 
own adopted country, America, might have lived to old age in peace and 
honor, fighting hot battles in the Senate as he had already done on the 
ocean, clinging thus in hopeless pertinacity to the delusion which had 
undone him." 

There is often a subtile influence about a court and an assemblage of 
titled names, which will subdue the integrity of individuals of the loftiest 
motives, and even those who had won distinction in a holy cause. 
1 Many men also fail when they attain prosperity. The son of a Scottish 
peasant, whose achievements were indeed great, came pitifully behind, 
when brought into familiar contact with princes and high personages. 
He received the boon which all leaders in State as well as Church bestow 
upon the perverts who come within their toils, — a brief complaisance 
and then neglect and consignment to ignoble obscurity. He drank the 
cup of humilation and wrung out the bitter dregs. 

He was finally constrained to accept a furlough for two years, and 
obtained a passport to leave the country. Thus in August 1789, he 
bade farewell to ungrateful Russia. Passing through Warsaw, he visited 
General Kosciuzko who like himself had also fought for American 
independence, and was now contending to save his own country from 
dismemberment and annihilation. Afterward Jones proposed to enter 
the Navy of Sweden then at war with Russia, remarking that he would 
never raise a hand against France or the United States, but was willing 
to win honor and emolument under any Continental flag except that of 
the Mussulman. 

He spent a season of repose at Amsterdam and then visited London 
in the year 1790. Here he adjusted certain affairs of business in which 
he had been engaged with Dr. Bancroft, receiving for his share $16,000. 
He then hastened to Paris. Here he renewed his efforts for again 
entering the Russian service, but only to be disappointed. He also set 
on foot a plan for the ransoming of Americans who had been captured 
and imprisoned or enslaved in Algiers. 

His health at one time severely tried by exposure and hardship now 
succumbed, and in July 1792, his disorder assumed the form of dropsy 
of the chest and abdomen. The physician of the Queen attended him. 
Yielding to the inevitable, he executed his last will and testament on the 
evening of the 1 8th. He bequeathed his fortune of $30,000, says one 
historian, to his two sisters and their children, and named Robert 
Morris of Philadelphia sole executor. Another writer in the Analectic 
magazine says "he died at Paris in 1792 in great poverty." A few 
friends were present, among whom were the Hon. Gouverneur Morris, 
then Minister from the United States to France, Colonel Blackden, and 



6o Character and Life of John Paul Jams. [April, 

M. Beaupail a French officer, his enthusiastic admirer. The will was 
signed at eight o'clock and duly attested. His friends then withdrew 
leaving him seated in his arm-chair. A few moments later the physician 
returned. The chair was vacant. The distinguished patient had quietly 
lain down upon the bed and breathed his last. 

Public honors were now freely bestowed upon him. A despatch from 
the United States announced his appointment as commissioner to treat 
with the Algerine Regency for the ransom and release of captive 
Americans. The recipient had passed beyond the pale of earthly 
distinctions. 

The National Assembly of France adopted resolutions of tribute to 
his memory, and appointed twelve members to follow his body to the 
grave. The funeral obsequies were celebrated at twilight. A large 
concourse of citizens attended. M. Marron, a French Protestant clergy- 
man delivered an oration concluding with these words : 

"Legislators, Citizens, Soldiers, Brethren, all : 

''We have just returned to the earth the remains of an illus- 
trious stranger, one of the first champions of the liberty of America, of 
that liberty which so gloriously ushered in our own. No more flattering 
homage can we offer to the name of Paul Jones than to swear on his 
tomb to live or to die free. Let this be the vow and the watchword of 
every Frenchman. Let neither tyrants nor their satellites ever pollute this 
sacred earth. * * * Identify yourselves with the glory of Paul Jones 
by imitating his contempt for danger, his devotion to his country, and 
the noble heroism which after having astonished the present, will 
continue to call forth the veneration of ages to come." 

Thus Paul Jones lived, died, and was honored in his death. Paris, then 
in all the agony of the Great Revolution, paused amid the fierce tempest 
of social and civil conflict to commemorate the glories of the gardener's 
son, because he had given his life to human freedom. Yet neither 
America that he befriended in her dire necessity, nor Russia that he sought 
to place in possession of a coveted Constantinople, claimed his remains ; 
and now their place of sepulture is unknown and unhonored. 

In person Jones was slight ; his stature but five feet and a half, and 
stooping. His frame, however, was firmly knit, and he was capable of 
enduring great fatigue. His eyes were of a dark hazel, his countenance 
pensiye ; but in moments of excitement his whole face was aglow, and in 
battle his lips closed like a vise, and his brow contracted with the rigidity 
of iron. He would then speak with an indescribable haughtiness of 
manner, and with an emphasis never to be forgotten. He seemed uncon- 
scious of fear and moved with the air of one superior to fate. Yet 
through fierce as the eagle in the hour of conflict, he was at all times of a 
kind nature and his sympathies were deep and abiding. 

His love for his own kindred was intense. Writing to one sister who 
was on ill terms with the other he says : " My grief is inexpressible that 
two sisters, whose happiness is so interesting to me, do not live together 
in that affection which would do so much honor to themselves and to 
the memory of their worthy relations. Permit me to recommend to your 
serious study Pope's Universal Prayer. You will find more morality in 
that little piece than in many volumes that have been written by great 
divines : 



1892.] Character and Life of John Paul Jones. 6 1 

Teach me to feel another's woe, 

To hide the fault I see : 
That mercy I to others show. 

That mercy show to me." 

In preparing this sketch there has been no endeavor to disguise any 
fault or inconsistency. These, indeed, are so generally exhibited by men 
of energetic character that we are almost led to consider them essential quali- 
ties of their nature. In all that related to personal fame or merit, Paul 
Jones was vain, egotistic and even selfish, while at the same time he was 
ready to depreciate and underrate the abilities and good qualities of those 
to whom he was opposed, or whom he considered as in his way. He was 
frequently led into flagrant errorsand perplexing difficulties by his impetu- 
ous temper and jealous disposition. He was likewise exacting in his 
demands for compensation for his services. We find it difficult to account 
by any satisfactory plea for his manifest inconsistency after professions of 
devotion to the cause of liberty in America in transferring his services to 
the most despotic government in the world, anil even supplicating of its 
dissolute and treacherous minister to be again employed to extend its 
power. 

Much, however, must be set to the account of his native restlessness 
of temper. He chafed when unemployed, and it is more than probable 
that his death was hastened if not actually caused by enforced inactivity. 
His projects, however shaded by considerations for his own advantage, 
were always for some public or national advantage. His animosities 
were intense, and so, too, were his attachments. He was strict in 
matters of discipline even to harshness, yet always kind and con- 
siderate to those under his command. He shared every peril into 
which they were plunged. Though convivial he was strictly temperate. 
He thirsted almost insatiably for glory, yet he was anxious that his 
achievements should redound to the honor of his country. He was 
chivalric in his admiration of women, and he always was a favorite with 
them ; in fact it was their flattery which only too often turned his head 
and brought him into many troubles. However, he loved America truly, 
and he enjoyed the confidence and high regard of his associates as well as 
of the Commander in Chief. Robert Morris in 1784 paid a flattering 
tribute to his zeal, activity, fortitude and intelligence. "This testimony 
which I give, " says he, "is unequal to your deserts, but is at least 
expressive of respect and high esteem.'' 

General Washington was more emphatic. Writing to him in 1781 
upon the bestowment of the Order of Merit, he says : 

" Delicacy forbids me to mention that particular instance of bravery 
and good conduct which has attracted the attention of all the world, and 
which has influenced the most illustrious Monarch to confer a mark of 
his favor, which can only be obtained by a long and honorable service, or 
by the performance of some brilliant action. That you may long enjoy 
the reputation you have so justly acquired, is the sincere wish of" * * 

In closing this all too inadequate sketch let me say, Paul Jones pos- 
sessed as a leader vital, sinewy, unflinching devotion to the cause of human 
freedom, and, to use his own words, "would willingly sacrifice life itself 
if that forfeiture would restore peace and good will among mankind." It is 
of such stuff we would have our leaders, our state builders to-day. The 
higher education of the few is just as vital as the primary education of the 



52 A Biographical Sketch of Christopher Flanagan. [April, 

many, and a master of affairs, a king of men is to-day more important for 
the public weal than a million of ordinary citizens. America stands in 
the forefront of the ages and it is for her to serve this age of fraternity by 
being the great lawgiver and peacemaker among the nations. 

True popular liberty makes for world union and the brotherhood of 
man, and to this end let us each and all labour with that same fearlessness 
which characterized the whole life of that one man who first unfurled 
America's standard on the sea and who gained his greatest honors under 
the light of its stars. 



A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF CHRISTOPHER FLANAGAN, 
HIS ELDEST SON, AND HIS GRANDSON. 

By Edmund Abdy Hurry. 

The following inscription on a tombstone in the old burying-ground 
at Bedford, Westchester County, New York, marks the grave of Chris- 
topher Flanagan, and that of his youngest son : 

Sacred to 

Memory of 

Christopher Flanagan 

Bookseller, who 

departed this life Sep. 

1 6, 1805 in the 46th year 

of his age. Watch 

therefore for you know 

not the hour your 

Lord will come. 

also Christopher 

his son who 

departed this life 

October 23, 1805 aged 

3 years and 13 days. 

At the foot of the grave is a stone with the initials C. F. 

Mr. Flanagan died at Bedford, of yellow fever, which he had con- 
tracted in the city of New York. His family as was their custom at that 
time of the year were residing at Bedford. At that period it was a two 
days journey between Bedford and New York, by private conveyance. 
Christopher Flanagan was born in Dublin on the 29th of December 
1 759. The only living relative that he had, so he informed his children, 
was a sister, a spinster who died in Ireland. His death was unexpected, 
and any data that could have been furnished by his papers and large 
correspondence was unfortunately destroyed. It was always claimed 
however that he was descended from the old Flanagan gens. " Flanagan 
was one of the kings of Ireland, having sway over that part of the island 
within which Dublin is situated, and Bridget Flanagan was historian of 
Ireland in the year 800." This is interesting as showing the unchanged 
spelling of the name. Christopher Flanagan left Dublin at 17 years of 
age, came to America and filled the position of captain's clerk on one 
of the vessels of our infant navy during the entire war of the revolution. 
It is claimed that at the end of the war, he received from the Government 



1892. j A Biographical Sketch of Christopher Flanagan. 5-. 

an allotment of land, now within the limits of the State of Ohio. He 
never however took possession of the land, but at the close of the war 
returned to Dublin. 

About 1783 he married Miss Ann Ray at the house of her aunt in 
Dublin. She was a young lady of English descent ; she died in New 
York, 31st October 1825, her interment being in St. John's burying 
ground, Varick and Hudson streets. Two sons were born to them at 
their residence in Bride Street, Dublin. James the eldest was born 
July 1 8th, 1785, and Moses nearly two years later. Christopher 
Flanagan had been reared in the Roman Catholic religion. He was 
converted to the Protestant faith by the celebrated Adam Clarke ; 
after whom he named a younger son the late Adam Clarke Flanagan. 
This change of faith was never forgiven him by the Romish partisans, 
and was the cause of his again coming to this country. He had received 
a classical education and was principal of a large school in Bride Street, 
Dublin. During a riot in the early part of 1787 his school and residence 
were attacked by the mob. An English clergyman, a friend of the 
family, after the death of Mr. Flanagan, visited them in New York and 
gave a description of the destruction wrought upon the buildings bv the 
mob after Mr. Flanagan's flight. He managed however with his wife 
and two sons to reach a ship, about to sail for New York. The rioters 
boarded the ship and " stuck the cargo with their swords " in their vain 
attempts to discover his hiding place. The only property saved in his 
flight was a small wooden box covered with horse hide, with brass handle, 
and studded with brass nails. This box " was filled with Spanish gold " 
which he had kept for such an emergency. This box is an heirloom in 
the possession of the writer of these lines ; a greatgrandson of Mr. 
Flanagan. On arriving in New York in 1787 he became a "tutor," his 
residence being at 29 Ann Street. He afterwards opened a large book 
store at 27 Nassau Street, where he continued in the years 1801-3. 
Thereafter he occupied as bookseller 151 Water Street (residing at 26 
Barley Street) where he'continued until the time of his death. His stock 
of books was appraised at $16,000, and he had at the rear of his store 
what was known as the " Methodist book department." The writer was 
informed many years since by a Mr. Jones that he had read in a publica- 
tion that the " Methodist Book Concern " " sprang from the brain of 
Christopher Flanagan." This statement is probably correct. His two 
eldest sons, as directed in their father's will, continued the business, the 
eldest for some years alone and at 1 16 Maiden Lane. 

Christopher Flanagan sometimes occupied the pulpit in the John 
Street Church, in the absence of the minister. He severed his member- 
ship however with this church, a few years before his death, and is 
supposed to have affiliated with the Protestant Episcopal church, for his 
son, the late Adam Clarke Flanagan, informed the writer that his father 
preached one Sunday afternoon in the Christie Street Protestant Episcopal 
Church. Christopher Flanagan had yet another business interest, that 
of the importing of sugars, from the West Indies, with his warehouse at 
Old Slip. He was a man of marked individuality and probity of char- 
acter ; he dressed in the old style of queue and knee breeches, and was 
one of the comparatively few citizens who kept his carriage. James 
Flanagan, his eldest son, was admitted to the New York bar, for a con- 
siderable period, and to the time of his death, the firm being Flanagan 



64. The Van Wagenen Family of Ulster Co., N. V. [April. 

and Duryee of City Hall Place. Mr. Flanagan was an influential member 
of the Tammany Society, and for many years one of the Assistant Justices 
of the City and County of New York. He was also one of the original 
vestry (and clerk of the same) of St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal 
Church, Harlem, and one of the original vestry of St. Peter's Church, 
Chelsea, New York, which latter position he held to the time of his 
death April 5th 1840. James Flanagan was married by the Rev. Dr. 
Abeel, 2d April 1806, to Elizabeth M. McKean only daughter of David 
McKean and Elizabeth Brady, his wife; he died of yellow fever at his 
residence, Pearl Street near Broadway, August 8th 1795. David McKean 
was a younger son of Robert McKean, a Laird of the county of Kilmar- 
nock, Scotland. There is a tablet to the memory of David McKean, in 
St. Paul's Church, New York. 

John R. Flanagan, third son of James Flanagan, was born at his 
father's residence on the Third Avenue opposite the five-mile stone. 
New York, June 21st 1813, and died at New York November 4th 1884. 
He was for fifty years an honored member of the New York bar ; having 
when a young man succeeded to the practice of his father. He was a 
member of the Bar Association and was tendered the nomination for 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, which nomination he declined. 
It is worthy of note that for about thirty years he had his law offices in the 
Bank of Commerce Building, Number 27 Nassau Street, northwest corner 
of Cedar Street, the same situation occupied by his grandfather as above 
stated. He was a well known war democrat, casting his vote for the 
election of Lincoln. This simple record of three honored and respected 
men, citizens of New York during a period of more than a century, is 
given, that at least their descendants may have for preservation some 
reliable testimony which they can with honest pride hand down to their 
descendants. 



EARLY SETTLERS OF ULSTER CO., N. Y.— THE VAN 
WAGENEN FAMILY. 



(Continued from Vol. XXII., p. 154, of The Record.) 

Children o/Sara Van Wagenen (514) and facobus De Pity. 

(All bp. at Rochester.) 

609. Jacobus, bp. Feb. 26, 1754. 

610. Jacobus, bp. Jan. 17, 1756. 
61 r. Simon, bp. Jan. 8, 1757. 

612. Moses, bp. Nov. 2, 1758. 

613. Jacob, bp. Nov. 5, 1759. 

614. Sara, bp. Dec. 15, 1761. 

Children of Jacobus Van Wagenen (516) and Rachel Brodhead. 

(All bp. at Rochester.} 

615. Sara, born Sept. 23, 1759, b P- O ct » '9 .' married at Rochester, 

Sept. 12, 1778, Jacob Hoornbeek, bp. at Kingston, May 6, 
I 753> s ° n of Lodewyck Hoornbeek and Maria Dubois. 



j2.] The Van Wagenen Family of Ulster Co., N. Y. 65 

616. Catharine, bom June 20. 1762, bp. June 23. 

617. Elizabeth, born Feb. 17, 17^5, bp. Feb. 20; died Feb. 20, 

1843 ; married May i, 1786, by the Rev. Jacob R. Harden- 
bertc, to Daniel SahUr. born April 16, 1762, died Feb. 20, 
1834, son of Abrahan Sadler and Elizabeth Dubois. 

618. Wessel Brodhead, born June 16, 1767, bp. July 4, died April 

17, 1808 ; married Feb. 2, 1790, at Napanock, Maria Hard- 
enberg, born Aug. 29, 1761. died Feb. 25, 1839, daughter of 
Johannes G. Hardenberg and Cornelia Dubois. 

619. Catharine, born July 30, 1769, bp. Aug. 6; died April 30, 1835; 

married at Rochester, 1795, John R. Davis. 

620. Anna, born Aug. 22, 1772, bp. Sept. 13. 

621. Simon Jacob, born Aug. 18, 1775, bp. Sept, 10. 

622. Jacobus, born Feb. 16, 1779, bp. March 21 ; married at Marble- 

town, Feb. 21, 1801, Betsey Lounsbery, born Dec. 13, 1782, 
bp. at Marbletown, Jan. 6, 1783, daughter of Richard Louns- 
bery and W\ntie Davis. 

Children of Helena Van Wagenen (5 17) and Thomas D. Schoonmaker. 

623. Daniel, bp. at Rochester, Oct. 24, 1761. 

624. Simon, bp. at Rochester, Aug. 16, 1765. 

Children o/"Annatje Van Wagenen (518) ami John Dc Puy. 

625. Moses, bp. at Rochester, Nov. 1 6, 1766. 

626. Sarah, born June 9, 1770, bp. at Rochester, July 1. 

627. Elizabeth, bp. at Napanock, Aug. 25. 1770. 

Children of jacomynte Van Wagenen (520) and Jacob DeWitt Schoon- 
maker. 

(All bp. at Rochester.) 

628. Simon, born Mar. 31, 1770, bp. April 16 ; married Sally Wood. 

629. Sarah, born June 10, 1772, bp. July 1 ; married Aug. 10, 1793. 

Garret Van Wagenen (712) son of Jan Van Wagenen and 
Grietje Low. 

Children o/"Diewertjf. Van Wagenen (522 and Jacobus Hasbrouck 

(539-) 

(All bp. at New Paltz.) 

630. Sarah, bp. March 3, 1759. 

631. Benjamin, bp. Julv 17, 1763 ; married Elizabeth McCarty (Mc- 

Kinley, McCarty). 

632. Elizabeth, bp. July 17, 1768 ; married Elias Een, (Ean) born 

at New Paltz, Oct. 18, 1768, son of Abraham Een and Catha- 
rine Van Wagenen (,564). 

Children of Benjamin Van Wagenen (523) and Lydia Depuy. 

633. Benjamin, married Catrina Schoonmaker, bp. Feb. 10, 1779. I 

find no record of the baptism of Benjamin, but place him 
here as probably the son of Benjamin Van Wagenen and Lydia 
Depuy. 

5 



\i 



66 The Van Wage/ten Family of Ulster Co., N. V. [April, 

634. Ephraim, bp. at Napanock, 1776. 

635. Antje, born at Rochester, Mar. 29, 1779. 

Children of Cornelius Van Wagenun (524) and Sara Depuy. 

636. Elizabeth, bp. at Rochester 1776 ; married Matthew, son of 
Benjamin Alliger and Sarah Rosecrans, bp. Dec. 26, 1771. 

637. Antje, bp. at Marbletovvn 1705, May 29 ; married Benjamin, 
son of Benjamin Alliger, and Sara Rosecrans, bp. Feb. iS, 
1781. 

638. Catrina, born at Rochester 1788, Nov. 16. 

Children of Elizabeth Van Wagenen (525) and Adam Ho/man. 

(All bp. at Marbletown.) 

639 Sarah, bp. July 16, 1768. 

640. Benjamin, born Feb. 13, 1770, bp. March 4. 

641. Cornelius, bp. April 18, 1772. 

642. Maria, bp. Feb. 27, 1774. 

643. Petrus, bp. Mar. 2, 1777. 

644. Elizabeth, bp. May 23, 1779. 

645. Catharine, bp. June 16, 1782. 

Children o/Sara Van Wagenen ^527 i and Johannes Deyo (Dijo). 

646. Geertje, bp. at New Paltz Aug. 21, 1757 : married Daniel 
Berro. 

647. Solomon, bp. at New Paltz June 13, 1759. 

648. Elias, bp. at New Paltz July 31, 1763 ; married at Kingston 
June 6, 1786, Maria Bruyn. 

649. Maria, bp. at New Paltz Nov. 23, 1766. 

650. Jonas, bp. at Shawangunk June 4, 1769. 

Children 0/ Abraham Van Wagenen (53ft) and Mary Masters. 

651. Jacob Aartsen, born March 5, 1800 ; died Sept. 16, 1827 ; un- 
married. 

652. John Suylant, born June 27, 1801 ; died Mar. 14, 1802. 

653. Catrina, born Feb. 14, 1803 ; died Jan. 17, 1848; unmarried. 

654. Mary Parker, born Dec. 29, 1805; died Feb. 24, 1872 ; un- 
married. 

655. Abraham Masters, born Feb. 27, 1807; died Feb. 26, 1881 ; 
married Rebecka Bogardus, born Feb. 27. 1802, died July 14, 
1861. 

656. Sara, born Aug. 24, 1809; died Dec. 1, 1810. 

657. George, born Jan. 8, 1813 ; died Oct. 19, 1869 ; married 
Hannah Peters, born Aug. 3, 1S05, daughter of Wm. Peters 
and Margaret Hasbrouck, and granddaughter of Dr. Benj. 
Peters and Maria Van Wagenen. They lei t no children. 

Children 0/ Maria Van Wagenen (545) and Petrus Dumond. 

658. Ygenas (Ignatius), bp. at Kingston Sep. 23, 1753 ; married at 
Kingston July 22, 1777, Ariantje Wennie. 



1892.] The Van Wagcnen Family of Ulster Co., X. J". 67 

659. Catharina, bp. at Kingston Nov. 17, 1754. 

660. Isaac, bp. at Marbletown Feb. 12, 1758. 

661. Jacobus, bp. at Kingston Jan. 6, 1760. 

662. Maria, bp. at Kingston Dec. 20, 1761. 

Children o/Sara Van Wagenen (546) an i Hem ik Schmidt. 
(All bp. at Kii gston.) 

663. Catharina, bp. May 27, 1759. 

664. Willem, bp. Nov. 16, 1760. 

665. Sara, bp. Sep. 12, 1762. 

666. Eva, bp. July 1, 1764. 

Children of Isaac Van Wagenen (547) and Sara Dijo (Deyo). 
(All bp. at Kingston.) 

667. Margriet, born at "Wagendal, bp. May 26, 1754; married a 

Kingston, Aug. 24, 1770, Jacob Van Wagenen (555). 

668. Catharina, born at Wagendal, bp. Nov. 2, 1755; married at 

Kingston Oct. 15, 1773, Abraham, son of Cornelius Delama- 
ter and Catalyntje Osterhout, bp. at Kingston Aug. 28, 1748. 

669. Elizabeth, born at Wagendal, bp. Sep. 18, 1757; married at 

Kingston Nov. 2, 1780, Johannes Van Wagenen (573). 

670. Isaac, bp. July 15, 1759. 

671. Henricus, bp. Nov. 1, 1761 ; married Margaret York, bp. at 

New Paltz Aug. 30, 1 76 1, daughter of Daniel York and Maria 
Vanaken. 

672. Jannetje, bp. Oct. 5, 1763. 

673. David, bp. Oct., 1766: died 1 8 1 6 ; married Maria, daughter of 

Benjamin Sluyter and Margaretha Berner, bp. at Kingston 
April 28, 1776. 

674. Sarah, bp. Jan. 15, 1772. 

675. Daniel, bp. May 31, 1774. 

676. Hagerta, (Agatha), bp. Sep. 24, 1780. 

Children of Catharina Van Wagenen (548) and fesaias Robertson. 

677. Isaac, bp. at Kingston Aug. 11, 1754. 
67S. Sara, bp. at Kingston Dec. 5, 1756. 

679. Elizabeth, bp. at Marbletown Oct. 31, 1758. 

680. Jacobus, bp. at Marbletown Nov. 2, 1760. 

681. Isaiah (or Isaac), bp. at Marbletown Jan. 31, 1763. 

682. John, bp. at Rochester Oct. 9, 1765. 

683. David, bp. at Rochester July 18,1768. 

684. Ebenezer Louis, bp. at Rochester Oct. 27. 1771. 

685. Maria, bp. at Rochester June 16, 1774. 

Children »l Marya Van Wagenen (549) and Abraham Krom. 
(Ail bp. at Kingston). 

681 . Jacob, bp. March 2. 1755; married at Kingston Aug. 27, 1779, 
Catharine Blanchant. 



68 The Van Wagenen Family of Ulster Co., N. Y. [April, 

687. Cornelis, bp. May 29, 1757. 

688. Benjamin, bp. Feb. 18. 1759. 

689. Sara, bp. May 25, 1760; married at Kingston Nov. 10, 1782, 

Cornelius Delamater. 

690. Johannes, bp. Feb. 14, 1762 ; married at Kingston July 12, 

1789, Maria Krom. 

691. Maria, bp. Oct 5, 1763. 

692. Jannetje, bp. May 26, 1765; married Nov. 27, 1789, Johannes 

Van Wagenen (571). 

693. Abraham, bp. June 2, 1771. 

Children o/"REBECca Van Wakexen (550) and Jacob Dubois. 
(All bp. at Kingston.) 

694. Isaac, bp. Feb. 24, 1765 ; married Debora Relyea (Rellie) bp. 

at New Paltz, Feb. 15, 1767, daughter of Dennie Rellie 
(Relyea) and Maria Van Vliet. 

695. Jacob, bp. June 20, 1769 ; married Lydia Jumens (Yeomans). 

Children «/" Jannetje Van Wagenen (552) and Jacob Roosa. 
(All bp. at Kingston.) 

696. Sara, bp. Nov. 2, 1768. 

697. Heyman, bp. Nov. 22, 1770. 

698. Maria, bp. Sept. 21, 1773. 

699. Rebecca, bp. Nov. 10, 1776. 

700. Neeltje, bp. Ncv. 28, 1779. 

Children of Johannes Van Wagenen (553) and Rebecca Van Wagenen. 
(568). 

(All bp. at Kingston.) 

701. Jacob Aartse, born Sept. 23, 1774, bp. Nov. 22 ; died Feb. 12, 

1784. 

702. Johnannis born Nov. 8, 1776, bp. Nov. 17 ; died April 1, 1839 ; 

married April 3, 18 13, Elizabeth Snyder, born Dec. 23, 1787. 

703. Elizabeth, born Jan. 10, 1779, bp. Jan. 24; married Jan. 1, 1798 ; 

John Dubois. 

704. Samuel, born May 8, 1781, bp. May 20; died March 26, 1S14 ; 

unmarried. 

705. Sara, born Dec. 21, 1783, bp. Jan. 1 1, 1784 ; died June 2 1, 1792. 

706. Benjamin, born Sept. 7, 1786, bp. Sept. 24; died in Iowa; 

married Oct. 26, 1810, at New Paltz, Sarah Ean, born Sept. 
25, 1788, died April 25, 1850, daughter of Elias Ean and 
Elizabeth Hasbrouck. 

707. Rebecca, born March 2, 1789, in Ulster Co. ; died in Iowa March 

3, 1881 ; married Jan. 3, 1810, at Hurley, Solomon Relyea, 
born at Plattekill, Ulster Co., Aug. 17, 1789, died in Iowa, 
June 29, 1873. 
70S. Jannetje, born Sept. 11, 1791; died Nov. 11, 1873; married 
Feb. 29, 1 8 1 6. Jacobus Ean, born April 7, 1795; son of 
Elias Ean and Elizabeth Hasbrouck. 



1892.] The Van Wagenen Family of Ulster Co., N. V. 5 Q 

709. Aart Freer, born Dec. 8, 1793, bp. Dec. 29; married Anna 

Schoonmaker. 

710. Abraham, born March 9, 1796, died Dec. is, 1802. 

Children of Jacob Van Wagenen (555) and Margriet Van Wagenen (667). 

711. Jacob, born at Wagendal, Dec. 29, 1775 ; died Dec. 28, 1864 ; 

married at Kingston May 22, 1796, Mareitje, daughter of 
Jeremias Dubois and Catharina Masten, born April 10, 1775, 
bp. at Kingston April 30, died May 26, 1845. Jacob and 
Maria are both buried in the Van Wagenen cemeterv at 
Creek Locks. 

Children of Jan Van Wagenen (558) and Margrietje Loinv. 

712. Garret, bp. at Napanock June 3, 1766; married Aug. 10, 1793, 

Sarah, daughter of Jacob Schoonmaker and Jacomynte Van 
Wagenen (520) bp. at WaWarsing, July 5, 1772. 

Children of Petri's Van Wagenen (559) and C Anna Viele. 

713. Mareitje, born at Wagendal, June 12, 1782, bp. at Kingston 

June 16 : died May 28, 1853 ; married at Marbletowr:, Dec' 
12, 1799, Cornelius, son of Petrus Lefever and Elizabeth 
Vernoy, born at New Paltz, April 23, 1778, bp. May 10, died 

Nov. 2, 1S53 ; both buried at Wagendal. 

Children of A. ard Van Wagenen (560) and Catharine Depuy. 
(All bp. at Napanock.) 

714. Elizabeth, bp. Sept. 10, 1773. 

715. Maria, bp. June 30, 1776. 
7 it). Cornelis, bp. Oct. 2, 1779. 

Children o/"Rebecca Van Wagenen (561) and Hendricus Dubois. 
(All bp. at New Paltz.) 

717. Philippus, born Feb. 26, 1770, bp. May 26. 

718. Maria, born Feb. 26, 1772, bp. May 21; married Charles 
Dubois. 

719. Garrit, born Jan. 6, 1774. bp, Feb. 2: died Oct. 19, 1814 ; mar- 

ried Dec. 18, 1794, Mary, daughter of Roeloff Eking, born 
Oct 14, 1775, died May 7, 1825. 

720. Jannetje, born April 23, 1776, bp. May 12. 

721. Methusalem, bp. Nov. 13, 1778. 

722. Rebecca, born Aug. 25, 1783, bp. Sept. 14 ; married Cornelius 

Bruyn Dubois. 

Children 0/ Maria Van Wagenen (562) and fan Terwilliger. 
(All bp. at New Paltz, but Johannes.) 

723. Johannes, bp. at Kingston Sept. 25, 1757. 

724. Evert, bp. Oct. 16, 1759. 

725. Elizabeth, bp. Dec. 20, 1761. 



jO The Van Wagenen Family of Ulster Co., X. F. [April, 

726. Lucas, bp. May 31, 1764. 

727. Sarah, bp. July 27, 1766. 

728. Aart, bp. Oct. 9, 1768. 

729. Samuel, bp. Nov. 1, 1772. 

730. Jesias, bp. Dec. 27, 1778. 

731. Annette, bp. May 7, 1782. 

732. Stephanus. bp. Feb. 23. 1783. 

Children 0/ Rachel Van Wagenen (563) and Jan Hasbrouck (540). 
(All bp. at New Paltz). 

733. Solomon, bp. Dec. 2, 1764. 

734. Johannes, bp. Mar. 1, 1767. 

Children of Rachel Van Wagenen (563) and Pelrus Schoonmaker. *-> 

(All bp. at New Paltz). 

735. Phillipus, bp. Nov. 5, 1770; married Rachel Freer, bp. at New 

Paltz June 26, 1774, daughter of Jonas Freer and Magda- 
lena Bevier. 

736. Abram, born Feb. 13, 1773, bp. May 9 ; married Catrina 

Freer bp. at New Paltz, Dec. 29, 1 771 , daughter of Jonas 
Freer and Magdalena Bevier. 

737. Benjamin, bp. May 14, 1775, married at New Paltz Jan. 14, 

1802, Mary Van Bommel. 

738. Rachel, bp. Oct. 26, 1 777 ; married at New Paltz Dec. 30, 1 802, 

Joshua Freer, bp. at New Paltz, March 12, 1777, son of 
Jonas Freer and Magdalena Bevier. 

739. Petrus, born Feb. 16, 1780, bp. April 23, married Elsie Ter- 

williger, bp. Dec. 29, 1783. 

Children of Catharine Van Wagenen (564) and Abraham Ean. 

740. Elias, born Oct. 18, 1768. bp. at New Paltz, Nov. 8: married 

Elizaheth Hasbrouck (632) daughter of Jacobus Hasbrouck 
and Diewertje Van Wagenen (522). 

741. Rachel, born Feb. 17, 1 77 1 , bp. at New Paltz, May 26 ; mar. 

ried David Deyo. 

742. Annatje, bp. at Kingston, Aug. 22, 1774, married Benjamin 

Hasbrouck. 

743. Catrina, born Dec. 6, 1777, bp. at New Paltz, Dec. 21 ; mar- 

ried at Marbletown Feb. 12, 1799, Jonathan Deyo. 

744. Petrus, born Dec. 28, 1781, bp. at New Paltz, Jan. 1782; mar- 

ried at New Paltz March 11, 1802, Maria Freer. 

Children of Elizabeth Van Wagenen (567 s ) and Paulus Freer. 
(All bp. at New Paltz). 

745. Moses, bp. Sept. 29, 1771. 

746. Elizabeth, bp. Jan. 21, 1776. 

747. Esther, bp. Feb. 21, 1778. 

748. Maria, bp. Feb. 18, 1781. 

749. Johannes, bp. Feb. 13, 1785. 



[8g2.J The Van Wagentn Family of Ulster Co., A'. V. j\ 

Children of Benjamin Van Wagenen (569) and Jacomxnte Heermans. 
(All bp. at Kingston). 

750. Marytje, bp. Dec. 9, 1779 ; died May 29, 1829 ; married Feb. 

17, 1803, at Marbletown, John Blanshan, born Aug. 17, 
1779, died March 20, 1859, son of Jacob Blanshan and 
Jacomeyntje Smedes. 

751. Elizabeth, born May 5, 1782, bp. May 19 ; died Aug. 2, 1851 ; 

married June 14, 1805, Johannes S. Schoonmaker, who 
died July 29, 1836. 

752. Johannes, bp. March 6, 1786. 

753. Jacomynte, born June 14, 1788, bp. July 20; died March 23, 

1 83 1, married at Marbletown Nov. 4, 1804, Jonathan, son of 
Wilhelmus Schoonmaker and Catharine Louw, born Jan. 
31. 1777, bp. at New Paltz March 9, died May 17, 1859. 

754. Charles Brodhead, bp. Dec. 5, 1790 ; married at New Paltz 

March 24, 1814, Sarah, daughter of Hugo Sluyter and Sarah 
Freer, born Feb. 9, 1794, bp. at New Paltz March 30. 

755. Cornelia, born March 12, 1793, bp. April 7 ; died May 4, 

1846 ; married March 12, 1813, Frederick S. M. Snyder, born 
at Hurley Jan. 14, 1794, died at Rosendale Oct. 2, 1868. 
He married 2nd, at Bloomingdale, May 25, 1848, Hannah 
Bod ley. 

756. Annette, bp. Feb. 27, 1797, married Joshua Krom. 

Children of Sarah Van Wagenen (570) and [eremiah Freer. 
(All bp. at New Paltz, except Elizabeth). 

757. Elizabeth, bp. at Kingston Nov. 16, 1777. 

758. Paulus, bp. at New Paltz Jan. 9, 1780. 

759. Christian, born Dec. 26, 1781, bp. at New Paltz, Jan. 20, 

1782. 

760. Ester, born Sept. 26, 17S3, bp. at New Paltz Oct. 5. 

761. Sara, born Oct. 26, 1785, bp. at New Paltz Nov. 20. 

762. Aart, born Dec. 17, 1787, bp. at New Paltz Feb. 20, 1788. 

763. Annatje, born Sept. 4, 1790, bp. at New Paltz Feb. 26. 

764. Catrina, born Nov. 21, 1792, bp. at New Paltz Nov. 23. 

765. Jeremiah, born Oct. 27, 1795, bp. at New Paltz Nov. 23. 

766. Johannes, born Dec. 14, 1800, bp. at New Paltz Feb. 1, 1S01. 

Children of Johannes Van Wagenen (571) and Jannetje Krom. 

767. Elizabeth, bp. at Kingston Dec. 14, 1794, married Eli Van 

Buren. 

768. John J., born Jan. 28, 1799, died at Poughkeepsie Oct. 9, 18S4, 

and buried at Rosendale ; married at Kingston April, 1824, 
Harriet Bogardus, who died Sept. 8, 1825, and is buried at 
Creek Locks. He married 2nd, at New Paltz Jan. 16, 1S30, 
Nellie M. Lefever, born Jan. 19, 1S07, daughter of John P. 
Lefever and Mary Hardenbergh. 

769. Cornelius, born March 29, 1802, died Aug. 18, 1S71, married 

at New Paltz Sept. 16, 1826, Jane, daughter of Simon Lefever 
and Catharine Hendricks, born Sept. 22, 1805, died Jan. 21, 
.879. 



2 The Van Wagencn Family of Ulster Co., N. Y. [April, 

Children of Maria Van Wagenen (572) and Fredrick Wood. 

■j jo. William, born Jan. 4, 1772, bp. at Marbletown Jan. 23 ; mar- 
ried at Marbletown Oct. 13, 1798, Hannah Rider. 

771. Maria, bp. at Kingston March 10, 1777. 

772. Fredrick, born Jan. 3, 1786, bp. at Marbletown July 10, mar- 

ried Ester Benson. 

773. Aart, bp. at Rochester Aug. 27, 1793 ! married Wyntje Snyder. 

Children of John A. Van Wagenen (573) and Elizabeth Van Wagenen, 
(669). 

774. Rebecca, born Sept. 9, 17S1, bp. at Marbletown Nov. 11 ; died 

Aug. 29, 1 86 1 , unmarried. 

775. Isaac, born Feb. 23, 1783, bp. at Marbletown April 13 ; died 

unmarried. 

776. Sally, born Jan. 27, 1788, bp. at Marbletown Feb. 13 ; died 

]an. 29, 1869, unmarried. 

777. Elizabeth, born July 8, 1791; died Oct. 28, 1838 ; married Jan. 

2, 1830, John B. Shaw. 

778. Aart, born Sept. 14, 1794 ; died Feb., 1870 ; married Sept. 27, 

i82i,Jane Hill, born May 27, 1S01, died Dec. 12, 1869, 
daughter of John Hill and Sally Perrine. 

779. Louis, born Jan. 1, 1797. 

780. Jacob, born Dec. 18, 1798, bp. Feb. 3, 1799 ; died Dec. 4, 1862, 

married Jan. 24, 182(1, Sarah Brodhead. 

781. Abram, born July 4, 1801, married Mary Hill, daughter of John 

Hill and Sally l'errine. 

Children of Petri's Van Wagenen (574) and Rachel Lome. ] 

7S2. Aart, bp. at Marbletown Sept. 9, 1787. / 

783. Sarah, bp. at Rochester Aug. 10, 1793. 

784. Garret, bp. at Rochester Aug. 10, 1793. 

785. Jannetje, bp. at Marbletown Sept. 25, 1796. 

Children of Rebecca Van Wagenen (575) and Louis Brodhead. 

786. Catharine, bp. at Marbletown Sept. 24, 1780. 

787. Rebecca, bp. at Marbletown Jan. 19, 1783 ; married Jan. 1, 

1800, at Marbletown David A. Hasbrouck. 

788. Maria, bp. at Marbletown, Oct. 29, 1785 ; married at Marble- 

town, May 23, 1802, Josiah Hasbrouck. 

789. Wessel, bp. at Rochester Feb. 12, 1789. 

790. Rachel, bp. at Rochester Nov. 21, 1795 ; died May 26, 1879 >' 

married 181 8, Jacobus Van Wagenen, son of Wessel Brod- 
head Van Wagenen (61S) and Maria Hardenberg. Rachel 
married 2nd, at Marbletown, Feb. 27, 1828, Simon D. 
WyckofT. 

791. John Cantine, born Jan. 8, 1801, bp. at Marbletown Feb. 8. 



1 892.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 



RECORDS OF THE REFORMED DUTCH CHURCH IN THE 
CITY OF NEW YORK.— Baptisms. 



{Continued from Vol. XXII., p. 190, of The Record.) 



April 



3D. 



A° 1737. OUDERS. 

Maert 27. Jacobus Quik, Sara 

Roseboom. 
Marten Bogard, 

Christiaan Persil. 
Jan Goelet, Jannetje 

Canon. 
3. Jacob Slover, Sara 

Vanderjudo. 
Robbert Provoost, 

Adriaantje P a u 1 - 

usse. 
David Godwyn, 

Catharina Van 

Dyk. 
10. Elbert H a e r i n g , 

Elisabeth Bogart. 
Hendricus Bensing, 

Catharina Van 

Laar. 
Johannes Ten Broek, 

Annetje Smith. 

17. John Lashly, ]iinior, 
Maria Staf. 

21. Johannes de Wind, 
Annatje Kermer. 



Jan Mesjerol, Elisa- 
beth Hartman. 

Abraham Paalding, 
Maria Cousyn. 

27. Cornells Vonk, 
Elisabeth Pro- 
voost. 
P i e t e r Lammerts, 
Marytje Bennet. 
May 1. Jacob Brouwer. Ju'., 
Maria de Lanoy. 



Joh s Webbers, An- 
natje Van Orden. 



K1NDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Jacobus. Abraham Quik, Neeltje 

Qiiik, j. d. 
Aaltje. Jan Persil, Lea Van 

Alstyn, z. h. v. 
Philippiis. Pieter Canon, Catharina 

Canon. 
Jacobus. Isaac Van Deursen, An- 

natje Waldron, z. h. v. 
Robbert. Abraham Philkens, Mar- 

grietje Paulusse, h. v. 

v., Danl Dyks. 
David. Arent Van Hoek, Maria 

Van Dyk, j. d. 

Elbert. Elbert Livers e, Catha 

rina Bogart, z. h. v. 

Dirk. Samuel Pels, Catharina 

Bensing, h. v. v., J. 
Lake. 

Hendrik. Tobias Stoiitenburg, 
Marytje Ten Broek, 
z. h. v. 

Johannes. John Lashly, Aafje 
Lashly, h. v. v.. Archi- 
bald Hal. 

Anna Maria. Gerrit Sprewer de Wind, 
Hendrik Kermer, Ja- 
comyntje Gerrits, z. h. 
v. 

Cornells. Hendrik Cordes, Elisa- 
beth Mesjerol, j. d. 

Maria. Thomas de La Montagne, 

Neeltje Cousyn, Wed. 
v. Behhit. 

Hendrik. Tigides Provoost, Cor- 
nelia Rutgers, j. d. 

Margritje. Jan Bennet, Eva Bennet, 

j. d. 
Antje. Jacob Brouwer, Jannetje 

Roome, h. v. v., Abr m 

de Lanoy. 
Margrietje. Jacob Webbers, j. m., 

Aaltje Webbers, j. d. 



■j a Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [April, 



A" 1737. OUDERS. 

T545-] 

4. John Galloway, An- 
natje Lam. 
Johannes S c h 11 1 z e, 
Margrietje de 
Riemer. 

Robert Livingston, 

Ju r , Maria Thong. 

8. Samuel Johnson, 

Margrietje V. Pelt. 

Evert Pels, Catharina 
de Graiiw. 

11. John Thamson, Jo- 
hanna Canon. 

15. John Man, Annatje 
Bensen. 
Cornells Broiiwer, 
Hester Bodine. 

Thomas de Lamon- 
tayne, Rebecca 
Bryen. 
19. William Shekly, 
Antje Brat. 
Isaak Bokee, Bregje 
Rome. 

Richard Norwood, 

Maria Cool. 
Matthys Barel, Brigeu 

Hevelen. 
27. Francois Marschalk, 

Anneke Lynsen. 
29. NicolaasGouverneur, 

Geertruy R e y n - 

ders. 
Henriciis Brestede, 

Maria Brestede. 

Theiinis de Foilr, 
Sara Oblinus. 



.!'■ 



Pieter Van Norden, 
Antje VVillemse. 

Frenk, K n e g t Van 
Hermaniis Van 
Gel d e r , Elisabet 
Bikker, Meyd Van 
G u i 1 j a m Ver 
Plank. 



KINDERS. . GETUYGEN 

Alexander. Benjamin Jarvis, Marytje 
Koning, z. h. v. 

John Henry. Joh s Va n d e r Heiden, 
Catharina R o s e v e 1 d , 
h. v. v., Steenwyk de 
Riemer. 

Pieter. Philip Livingston, Catha- 

rina V. Briig, z. h. v. 

Annatje. Henry Francis, Johnnetje 

Johnson, j. d. 

Theophilus. Hendrik Bogard, Bregje 
Pels, h. v. v., John 
Thevo. 

Jan. Jacobus Davi, Maria 

Tilly, z. h. v. 

Marytje. Eckward Man, Marytje 

Van Deursen. 

Sara. Pieter Brouvver, Sara 

Webbers, Wed r Van 
Sibiand Brouvver. 

Anna. Cornells Terp, Annatje 

Pieters, j. d. 

Catharina. Antony Rutgers, Junior, 

Cornelia Rutgers, j. d. 
Bregje. G e r r i t Heier, Tanneki 

Bokee, Wed e v. Hend k 

Pea vie. 
Richard. Andries Idesse Meyer, 

Vrouwtje Meyer, j. d. 
Hester Maria. Th a u VetBesly, Hester 

Vincent. 
Francois. Henry Lawrens, Hester 

Lynsen, syn h. v. 
Barent. Nicolaas Bayard, Elsebet 

Keynders, syn h. v. 

Andries, Andries Brestede, Junior, 

geboren den Anna Maria Brestede, 
20 May. j. d. 

Henricus, Hendrik Oblinus, Maria 
geboren den Oblinus, h. v. van 
22 May. Michiel Terneur. 

Willem. Abraham Blank, Elisabet 

Willemse, j. d. 
Frans. Philip M a tth i s, Knegt 

Van Stephen Bayard. 
Siissek Sambury, Knegt 
Van de Wed e Bikly, 
Getuige 00k de Moeder 



1892.] Records 0/ the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. ye 



A° 1737. OUDERS. KINDERS. 

Jiiny 12. Jacob lis Wessels, Geertniy. 
Catharina Pieter- 
sen. 
Folkert Oothoiit, Hendrik. 
Catharina Ridder. 

Richard Jennings, Johannes. 
Aaltje Keteltas. 
19. Francis Many, Anna Anna Mag- 
Kip, dalena. 
26. Marten Bandt, Jen- Johannes. 
neke Buys. 
Gerrit Heyer, An- Walter, 
netje Rome. 





B a r e n t Bos Aafje 


Aafje. 




Brtiyn. 






Richard Kip, Maria 


Richard. 




Ellis. 




[546] 






July 3- 


Petriis Loiiw, Rachel 
Rosevelt. 


Johannes. 


10. 


W i 1 1 e ra Corceliiis, 
Elisabet Vreden- 
biirg. 


Maria. 


13. 


Isaac Braisier, Jan- 
netje de Foer. 


Aaltje. 




John Alner, Apolonia 


Sara. 




Van Arnem. 






Alexander Phenix, 


Daniel. 




Elisabet Burger. 






Willem Laton Mar- 


Susanna. 




grietje Ketelhdyn. 




>7- 


Frans Tiebout, Con- 


Marcus, 




stantia Koning. 


geboren 

13 J uly. 




Laurens Lammersse, 


Catharina. 




Lea Bras. 




24. 


Johannes V re d en - 
burg, J a n n e t j e 
Woedert. 


Cristina. 


3'- 


Jlirrie Lin, Geertniy 
Cremer. 


Juliana. 



Frederik Webbers, 
Helena Banta. 



Wolfert. 



GE1UYGEN. 

Hendrik Wessels, Teiinlje 
Stevens, syn h. v. 

Jacob Kip, Catalyntje Van 

Detirsen, h. v. van Jan 

Oothoiit. 
Gerrit Keteltas, Catharina 

Keteltas j. d. 
Richard Kip, Sara Kip, 

j. d. 
l'etrtis Bos, Elisabet 

Bandt, j. d. 
Gerrit Heyer, Marytje 

Roome, h. v. van Isaac 

Van Gelder. 
Evert Rruyn, Susanna 

Sylvester, j. d . 
Henriciis Kip, Sara Kip, 

j. d. 

Abraham Van der Heiil, 

t'atharina Rosevelt, h. 

v. van Steenwyk de 

Riemer. 
Pieter Cortiliiis, Vrouwtje 

Cortiliiis, h. v. v., Wil- 
lem Croliiis. 
John Alner, Elisabet de 

Foer, Wed e v. David 

de Foer. 
Isaac Braisier, Sara Acker, 

Wed e van Abraham 

Van Arnem. 
Nicolaas Roosevelt 

Marytje Phenix. j. d. 
Theunis \V o e r t m a n , 

Elisabet Laton, h. v. 

van Frans Lets. 
Cornelis Tiebout, Marytje 
den Coster, syn h. v. 

Johannes Pa uw else, 
Catharina Van Deiirs- 
sen, syn h. v. 

Ahassuerus Turk, Rachel 
Wenne, j. d. 

Daniel Smith, Juliana 
Bergh, h. v. van Jo- 
hannes Pieter. 

Aarnoiit Webbers, Sara 
Minthorne, svn h. v. 



76 Records of the Re/or mid Dutch Church in New York. [April, 



A° 


1737- 


OUDERS. 


KINDERS. 


Aug. 


3' 


David Clarkson, 
Anna Margareta 
Freeman. 


Levin lis. 




7- 


Andries Barheyt, 
Rachel Hoist. 


Anna. 




IO. 


Daniel Lynssen, 
Cathalyntje Egt. 


Elisabet. 




H. 


Matthys Ot, Maria 
Philepina Paiiliis. 


Catharina. 




21. 


Gvsbert Uittenbogert, 
Catharina Hunter. 


Elisabet. 






Jacob Pieter Snyder, 


Annatje. 






Elisabet Lot. 




Sept. 


2. 


Johannes dii Bois, 


Guahberus. 






Helena Bayard. 


geboren dei 
1 8 Jtiny. 




I I. 


Wilhelmiis Beekman, 


Henriciis. 



Martha Mat. 

28. Gerardus Harden- 
broek H e y 1 t j e 
Coely. 
Oct. 2. Abraham V. W y k , 
Catharina P r o - 
voost. 
Abrah"' de Peyster, 
Margrita V. Cort- 
land. 
5. Allarad Antony, 
Susanna Laurier. 
Johannes Boeken- 
h v e n , Elisabeth 
Van Gelder. 
9. Philip Melsbag, 
Catharina Cloiiwer. 



Ahasueriis Turk, 
Hillegond Kuiper. 

Jacob Van Norden, 
Christina Sabriskie. 

[547.] 

12. Mattheiis Clarkson, 
Cornelia de Pey- 
ster. 

16. Johan Coenraad Cas- 
par, Anna Mar- 
grita Wvngaart. 



Dina. 



Anna. 



Elisabeth. 



Anna. 



Johanna. 



GETUYGEN. 

Matthys Clarkson, Cor- 
nelia de Peyster, syn 
h. v. 

Lucas Tienhoven, Sara 
Tienhoven, j. d. 

Abraham Lynssen, Catha- 
rina Rutgers, syn h. v. 

Willem Crollius, Catha- 
rina Berg, j. d. 

Isaak Stoiitenburg. An- 
neke Davly, syn h. v. 

Johan Frans Walter, An- 
natje Styn h. v. van 
Willem Poppeldorf. 

Gualtherus dii Bois, 
n Elisabeth dii Bois, j. d. 

Henriciis Beekman, 
Geertrdy Cortlant, z. 
h. v. 

Reintje Van Biakele. 



T h e.o d o r li s Van Wyk, 
Helena V. Wyk, j. d. 

Isaac de Peyster, Elisa- 
beth de Peyster, h. v. 
v., Joh. Hamilton. 

Nicolaas Anton}?, Hester 
Rome, z. h. v. 

Isaac Van Gelder, Catha- 
rina Boekenhoven, j. d. 



Wilhelmiis. W i 1 h e 1 m li s Crollius, 

Maria Elisab' Haan, h. 

v. v., Johan Frans 

Walther. 
Johannes. Cornelis Kuiper, Aaltje 

Turk, h. v. van Frans 

Barree. 
Jacomvntje. Willem Hoppe, Elisabeth 

Van Norden, z. h. v. 



Cornelia. Joh s de Peyster, Catha- 
rina Clarkson, j. d. 

Margrietje. Antonie Caspar, Mar- 
grietje Kemmers, z. 
h. v. 



1892.] Records 0/ the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 



77 



A" 1737. OUDERS. 

Thomas Pool, Elisa- 
beth Blank. 

19. Pieter Pra Van Zant, 

Sara Willemse. 
Nicolaas K e r m e r , 

Aaltje Sebring. 
Jan Gashery, Maria 

Haasbroek. 

W i 1 1 e m Swanssen, 
Hester Van Nor- 
den. 
26. Jacob' Dykman, 
Rebecca Vermilje. 
30. Jan Pieters, Maria 
Stevens. 
Henricus Kermer, 
Rachel Gerrits. 

Frans Brad, Vroiiwtje 
Meyer. 

Nov. 2. Willem de Peyster, 
Margrietje Rose- 
veld. 
6. Francis Jamisson, 
Hanna Krigin. 

13. Hendrik Van de 
Water, Anna Skil- 
man. 

16. Lucas Van Vegten, 
Thanna Woedert. 

20. Alexander Biilsen, 

Sara de Milt. 
Jan Van Felt, Hille- 
gond Boeken- 
hoven. 
Dec. 4. Johannes Wanshaar, 
Christina Egtberts. 

2. Joh s Paers, Maria 
Tiboiit. 

6. Frederyk Van Cort- 
land, F ra n c i n a 



7. Jacob Janssen, Mar- 
gritje Fyn. 



KINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Angnietje. Caspar us Blank. An- 

gnietje Blank, h. v., 

Sam 1 Tingly. 
Maria. Joh s Van Zant, Maria 

Willemsse, j. d. 
Frederyk. Frederyk Sebring, Maria 

Provoost, z. h. v. 
Abraham. Joh s Hardenberg, Judith 

Ga-;hery, Wed. Van 

Liic s Braesjer. 
Wessel. Joh s Van Norden, 

Ariaantje Webbers. 

Jesyntje. Isaak Vermilje, Jesyntje 

Oblinus, z. h. v. 

Johannes. Joh s Montanje, Elisabeth 
Pieters, j. d. 

David. Hendrik Kermer, Maria 

Meyer, h. v. v., Jacob s 
Turk. 

Vrouwtje. Laurens W esse Is, Sara 
dii Foreest, Wed e Van 
Joh s Meyer. 

Gerardus. Abraham Boelen, Elisa- 
beth de Peyster, z h. v. 

Josua. Frans Haal. 

Hendrik. Benjamin S k i 1 m a n , 

Ryntje Van Brakele, h. 

v. v., J. Stevens. 
Eva. Pieter Winnen, Maria 

Van Vegten. 
Antony. Cornells Biilsen, Annatje 

Terhiiine, z. h. v. 
Tietje. Johannes Poel, Sara 

Wilkesse, z. h. v. 

Johannes. Isaac Kip, Susanna Nys, 
Wed. v. Joh s Wans- 
haar. 

Margritje. Teiinis T i b o u t , Sara 
T i b o u t , Wed : v. 
Ewoud Ewoudze. 
Abraham de Peyster, 
Maria V. Cortland, h. 
v. v., Pieter Jay. 



op de man- 
nor gedoopt 
Eva. 

geboren den 
5 Nov. 
Fredervk. 



John Coo, J'., Jannetje 
Van Zant, h. v. v., 
John Coo. Sen r . 



-S Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Fork. [April, 



A' 1737- 


OUDERS. 


■CINDERS. 


GETUYGEN. 


1 1. 


Willem Beck, Alida 


Maria. 


Ahassuerus Turk. Elisa- 




Turk. 




beth Van der Beek, h. 
v. v., Jacob Fenix. 


18. 


Joh s Burger, Jan- 


Annatje. 


Abraham Broiiwer, Cor- 




netje Broiiwer. 




nelia Reyn, j. d. & Sara 
Schimba. 




Willem Persil, Jan- 


Neeltje. 


Barny Chassis, Neeltje 




nelje Chahaan. 




Cosyn, Wed e . v. 
Henry Bekkit. 


21. 


Josiia Slidel, Elisa- 


Michiel. 


Gerrit Cosyn, Margrietje 




beth Jansse. 




Jansse, z. h. v. 



A 1738- 
[548.] 
Jan. 1. Abraham Kip, Maria Marytje. 
VandenBerg. 
Adam Koning, An- Johannes. 

natje Day. 
Johannes Bogard, Jacobus. 
Abigael Qiiik. 

4. Abraham Filkens, Hendrik. 

Prvntje Tiboiiwt. 
8. ]ohn Price, Maria Antje. 
Cros. 
Hendrik Ellis, Maria Marritje. 
Sikkils. 
11. Jacob Kip, Engeltje Everd. 
Pels. 

15. Johan Pieter Kiim- Maria Catha- 
pel, Juliana Berg. rina. 

25. Jacobus Qiiik, Hyla Lucas Clop 
Cloppers. per. 

Johannes V re d e n - Johannes. 

burg, Annatje 

Blom. 
Jacob Abrahamse. Andries. 

Magdalena Lispen- 

ard. 

Philip Minthorn, Francyntje. 
Annatje Ral. 
Febr : I. Pieter Andriesse, Elbert. 
Cornelia Horns. 

5. Abraham Ryke, Hendrik. 

Geesje Van Alst. 
Cornelius Van Cornelius. 
H o r n e , Judith 
Jay. 



Gerrit Van Wagenem 

Teiintje VandenBerg. 
Abr m Day, Jenneke Ellis, 

z. h. v. 
Jacobus Q u i k , Antje, 

Peek, h. v. v, Jan 

Bogard. 
Frans Tiboiiwt, Con- 

stantia Coning, z. h. v. 
Barent Bosch, Aafje 

Bruyn, z. h. v. 
Elias Ellis, Maria Ellis, 

h. v. v., Richard Kip. 
Raphael Goelet. Judith 

Hoogen, h. v. v., Abr m 

Pe.s. 
Johannes Remmie, Maria 

Catharina Berg, j. d. 
- Cornells Clopper, Hyla 

Sjoerts, h. v. v., Joh s . 

Roseveld. 
Willem Vredenburg, Mar- 
grietje Blom, h. v. v., 

Petrus Kip. 
Abraham Abrahamse, Ja- 

comvntje Wanshaar, 

\Ved e v. Andries 

Abrahamse. 
John Minthorn, Jannetje 

Elswort, z. h. v. 
Elbert Liversse, Catharina 

Bogart, z. h. v. 
Hendrik Ryke, Mar- 
grietje Van Keiiren, j.d. 
Pieter Vallet, Catharina 

Van Home, h. v. v., 

Archibald Fisher. 



I S92.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Xt<v York. -q 



A° 1738. 


:rs 


KINDERS. 


8. 


Thorn 'i. 
El is? £1 


Margrietje. 




Johann-a Broiiwer, 


Annetje. 




Susanna Driljet. 




1 2. 


Isaac de Milt, 
Michieltje Vander 
Voort. 


Christina. 




Samuel Pel, Hester 


Gyshert. 




Blom. 




»5- 


Isaac Chardevine, 
Anna Caar. 


Jannetje. 


19. 


Wessel W e s s e 1 s , 
Rachel Van Im- 
btirg. 


Johannes. 


. 2 4- 


Loiirens W e s s e 1 s , 
Susanna Bradt. 


Aletta. 




Gvsbert Van Deiirs- 


Jacob. 




sen, Annetje Ten 
Broek. 






I s a a k Van Hoek, 


Hendrikje. 




Aalje Van Schaik. 




26. 


Benjamin Jar vis, 
Maria Komng. 


Penelope. 




Pieter Loosje, Antje 


Lea. 




Andriesse. 




L549J 






Maart 5. 


Hendrik Bogert, Cor- 


Cornells. 



nelia de Graauw. 
A n d r i e s Meyer, 

Junior, Susanna 

Macfederiks. 
W i 1 1 e m Carolius, 

Veronica Curce- 

liiis. 
Hendrik Van Nes, 

Johanna Berk. 

Cornells Van Gelder, 

Elisabet Mesier. 
Adolph Bras, Marytje 

Carstang. 
Johannes Remmie, 

Christina Ciirce- 

lius. 
Seth Smith, Antje 

Kermer. 
Willem Poppeldorf, 

Anna Steyn. 



Johannes 
Jansen. 



Anna. 

Maria. 

Gideon. 

Johannes. 

Debora. 

Wilhelmus. 



GETUYGEN. 

David Care, Marytje ten 
Eyk, Wed. v. Wes- 
sel Welssels. 

Joh s . Coiisaal, Annatje 
Driljet. 

Cornells Vander Hoeven, 
Elisabeth Vander 
Voort. 

Daniel Blom, Maria 
Childs. 

Jeremia Chardevi ne, 
Maria Reno. 

Laurens Wessels, Aaltje 
Wessels, j. d. 

Frans Bradt, Johanna 
Bradt, j. d. 

Johannes Poulusse, Aaltje 
Van Deurssen, h. v. van 
Francis Meisnard. 

Hendrik Bogart, Hen- 
drikje Brevoort, j. d. 

Johannes Poel, Sara 
Wilkesen, syn h. v. 

Lammert Andriesse, Lea 
Lieversen, svn h. v. 



Albertiis T i b o u t , Cor- 
nelia Bogert, syn h. v. 

Simon Jansen, Catharina 
Jansen, h. v. van Joseph 
Royal. 

Johannes Staats, Marvtje 
Curcelhis, j. d. 

Gualtheriis dti Bois, 
Junior, Elisabet du 
Bois, j. d. 

Hercules Wind over, 
Maria Pieters, syn h. v. 

Peter White, jannetje 
Carstang, syn h. v. 

Johannes Staats, Veronica 
Curceliiis, h. v. van 
Willem Carolius. 

Hendrik Kermer, Elisa- 
bet Kermer, j. d. 

Willem Curceliiis, Eva 
Thej's, h. v. van Philip 
Jong. 



So Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [April, 



A° 1738. 



April 



OUDERS. KINDERS. 

Jan de Jonge, Maria Jesaias. 

[Cock. 
Nicolaas Roosevelt, Catharina. 

Catharina Comfort. 
Hendrik Christoffel Hendrik. 

Spranger, Rachel 

Koning. 
Abraham Braisier, Cornelia. 

Elisabet Daily. 



MaV 



9- 


Willem Roome. J'., 
Sara Turk. 


Susanna. 


12. 


Abraham Lynssen, 
Catharina Rutgers. 


Petrus. 




Bernardus H a rsi n , 


Sara. 




Sara Meyer. 




16. 


Francis Warner, Eva 
Egt. 


Maria. 


26. 


Stephanus Bivard, 
Alida Vetch. ' 


Nicolaas. 




Willem Exon, Elisa- 


Samuel. 




bet Hill. 




3°- 


Joris Elsworth, Jan- 
netje Miserol. 


Christoffel. 


3- 


Vincent Montagne, 
Elisabet Maria. 


Vincent. 




Isaak Bradt, Magda- 


Margareta. 




lena Smit. 




7. 


Evert Byvank, Maria 
Cannon. 


Abraham. 




Abraham Andriesse, 


Abraham. 




Elisabet Buys. 




1 1. 


Harmanus Aalstyn, 
Jannetje Willes. 


Harmanus 


14. 


John Smith, Hester 
Riche. 


Dennis. 


17. 


Thomas Sickels, 
Anna Weblin. 


Sara. 




David Abeel, Maria 


Jacobus. 




Duyckink. 





[550.] 

May 2i. Johannes Bodyn, Marvtje. 
Tryntje Bensen. 

Philippus Goelet, Sara. 
Catharina Boelen. 



GETUYGEN. 

Weyt Timmer, Hester du 
Pie, j. d. 

Gerardtis Comfort, Catha- 
rina Hennion, syn h. v. 

Johannes Koning, Elisa- 
bet Koning, h. v. van 
George Parker. 

Johannes Dally, Judith 
Gas h e ri e Wed. van 
Lucas Braisier. 

Dirk Ten Eyck, Marritje 
Roome, syn h. v. 

Petrus Rutgers, Helena 
Hoogland, syn h. v. 

Johannes Meyer, Sara de 
Foreest, Wed. van Jo- 
hannes Meyer. 

Daniel Lynssen, Annatje 
Egt, j. d. 

Peter C a m b 1 e , Maria 
Brokholst, j. d. 

Abraham Lynssen, Catha- 
rina Van Home, h. v. 
van Pieter Kock. 

John Minthorne & Sara 
Elsworth, h. v. van 
Leecraft. 

Jan Ernst Lippe, Chris- 
tina Marra, j. d. 

Francis Bradt, Vrouwtje 
Mever, svn h. v. 

Abraham Lefferts, Catha- 
rina Cannon, j. d. 

Jacobus Rykman, Helena 
Buys, j. d. 

Johannes Aalstyn, Bregje 
Aalstyn, j. d. 

Dennis Riche, Pheebe 
Smith, Wed. van 
Adriaan Hun. 

John Sanders, Anna 
Sickels, j. d. 

Brandt Schuyler, Henrica 
Duyckink, h. v. van 
Jan Stoiitenbiirg. 

Abraham Bensen & Hyltje 
Smit, h. v. van Vincent 
Bodyn. 

Jan Goelet, Jannetje 
Cannon, syn h. v. 



1892. J William Paterson. gj 

WILLIAM PATERSON,* UNITED STATES SENATOR, GOVER- 
NOR OF NEW JERSEY, JUSTICE U. S. SUPREME COURT. 



By William Paterson. 

Richard Paterson, was one of the many Orangemen, who, about the 
middle of the last century went from Londonderry to Philadelphia and 
thence spread themselves through Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jer- 
sey. From his movements and wanderings before adopting a permanent 
place of residence, he must have been possessed of a considerable share of 
material means as measured in those days. Nothing is known of his 
status or occupation in Ireland, and he settled down permanently on this 
side of the Atlantic about May 1750, at Princeton, then a straggling hamlet 
of a few houses, almost in the midst of the primeval iorest. There Richard 
Paterson continued to live, with the exception of the last two years, the 
remainder of his days. Among the places which he visited before thus 
locating at Princeton, were New London and Norwich in the State of 
Conecticut, and it was only recently that I have been able to surmise even, 
the reasons which induced him to go thither from Trenton, and now it 
is no more than conjecture. 

The name and the race were numerous in the north of Ireland, at the 
time emigration assumed such large proportions from the Ulster Pale 
during the last century, and is so still. Some six years before Richard 
Paterson appears to have left the country, two brothers, William and 
Edward, settled in what is known now as the town of New Britain in 
Connecticut, not very far from Norwich. It is not improbable that these 
were collateral relatives to Richard, especially as both the names appear 
in the family of the latter. Another reason for supposing there was some 
connection between the Connecticut and Jersey settlers, is, that the former 
were manufacturers or workers in tin plate, of which article a wide area 
of discussion, I think, is going on to day among the economic philoso- 
phers, and the latter describes himself in an instrument executed by him 
as a "Tin Plate Worker." Putting these things together, it is just possi- 
ble that Richard Paterson went to Connecticut for the purpose of visit- 
ing these relatives and kinsmen, on what might have been a prospecting 
tour, though the writer has grown up with the assurance, that outside of 
his own ancestral family, he has no relatives of the name in the United 
States, an assurance of which he is not so sure since commencing these 
investigations. In New Britain at the time, another family of Patersons 
resided, who had settled there in the latter part of the 17th century. 
and were joined by William and Edward. Of this stock was Gen. 
John Paterson, a student at Yale cotemporary with the subject of 
this memoir at Princeton, a distinguished Commander, in the Revolution, 
engaged in the battles of Trenton, Princeton and Monmouth, one of the 
founders of the Society of the Cincinnati, and a member ol the Court 
Martial that convicted Major Andre. Richard Paterson resided in 
Princeton when the battle occurred, and his son had been chosen 

* The length of the original paper as it was read before ihe Society, and the 
great demand upon the pages of the Record, have compelled the Editor to omit the 
introductory part and to shorten the paper slightly, carefully retaining, however, the 
whole historical portion of it. 



82 William Pa/erson. [April, 

Attorney General a few munths before under the first State Constitution. 
But there is no evidence or tradition among his descendants, oral or 
written, that those persons were known to each other or in any way 
related. The information gathered here has been derived from an 
address delivered by Win. H. Lee, a collateral relative of Gen. Paterson 
before this Society on the life and character of his ancestor. 

Coming to William Paterson, it is one of the few certainties attending 
on his early life, that he was born, and was the oldest son of the original 
emigrant, but whether the oldest child, or where or when his birth occur- 
red, cannot be determined with absolute precision. They who could tell 
of these have passed away, and left no sign. That the event, which as 
Dr. Watts records of his own as being among the important happenings 
in his life, took place between some unknown date in 1745 and October 
1747, really is all that tradition and investigation have disclosed at this 
remote period, the preponderance of evidence seeming to favor his having 
been a native of the Parish of Letterkenny, in County Donegal, Ulster. 
Beingat the most not over five years of age when his parents settled down 
in Princeton, it is not likely that the memorials of his early youth would 
be anything but scanty. Six years after the family had become residents 
of the village or hamlet in the surrounding forest, the Seminary of Learn- 
ing which had been established for a few years before at Newark, then 
containing under a thousand inhabitants, was removed to Princeton, 
mainly as was said, to keep the young far distant from the temptations 
and allurements of large towns. In that institution he must have been 
matriculated in 1759 or 1760, receiving the degree of A. B. with a class 
of nineteen on 27th September 1763,0! whom twelve became ministers, 
and one Tapping Reeve, who married the daughter ofPresident Burr, an 
eminent jurist of Connecticut, and founder of the Law School at Litch- 
field now removed, to New Haven, where so many distinguished men 
received their legal training and instruction. Among his college co- 
temporaries, were Benjamin Rush of Revolutionary fame and Jonathan 
Dickinson Sergeant. An account of the exercises attending that Com- 
mencement is preserved in one of the Philadelphia newspapers, in which the 
speakers are stated in a general way, to have acquitted themselves with 
credit and satisfaction. Among the papers of these college days, a 
number of manuscripts have been preserved, without date, but evidently 
collegiate exercises. What was his standing as a scholar and student 
while there is not known, but loose manuscripts would seem to indicate 
that he was able to hold his own among the fellows, and that he was a 
proficient in literary and forensic attainments. They demonstrate also, 
that as is common with "ingenuous youth " in similar situations in all 
ages, the cultivation of the Muses in verse was not neglected, but there is 
no evidence of his having been infected with the scepticism and unbelief 
which he could have seen in later days, attendant on the pride of learning. 

Upon graduating or soon after. Mr. Paterson began the study of the 
legal science and practice, under the instruction of Richard Stockton who 
was an Alumnus of the first class that went forth from the College of New 
Jersey, then located in Newark, and who though young comparatively, 
was rising fast to the forefront of his profession, and afterward, to become 
of renowned judicial and revolutionary fame. At the time of this legal 
apprenticeship, the term of service required by rule of Court was five years, 
and such a service by no means was of the mild and ornamental charac- 



1892.] William Paler son. gi 

ter to which it has descended or deteriorated in modern times. What the 
institution of the 'Prentice Boys was in trade, these indentures were in 
law, all work and drudgery and no pay, that is to the pupil, onlv to the 
master who received all benefit of labour and remuneration. The dead 
head system was not patented in those colonial days. As appears from 
copies of manuscript letters to some of his college mates and associates, 
principally written to one John McPherson Junior of Philadelphia, it ap- 
pears that the labours of the office were very heavy and required close 
attention and unremitting industry. When Mr. Stockton was abroad, 
among other business, in the interest of the College, while the Trustees 
were endeavoring to procure the acceptance of the Presidency by Dr. 
Witherspoon, the burthen and responsibility of the work were sustained 
by Mr. Paterson. The practice and pleadings, as also the manner and 
form of alienating real estate, were intricate and cumbersome, unrelieved 
by printed form or patented process, and every branch demanded time 
and supervision. The goose-quill and parchment sheet were in keeping 
with the other labour machines of the age, and not at all synonymous with 
railroad speed. So that the position of managing clerk where professional 
business was plenty, involving a mass of minute and complicated detail, 
laden with any quantity of specialties and technicalities, by no means was 
a sinecure. He was admitted in February 1769, at Burlington, after what 
he said was a slight examination, passed the November previously, but 
owing to the absence of the Governor, who was at Fort Stanwix treating 
with the Indians, and whose signature was required to the diploma, he was 
not prepared to begin a professional career until after the return of the 
Chief Magistrate. In a letter to Mr. Macpherson informing him of his 
"admission into the practice " as he called the ceremonial, dated at Prince- 
ton 15 February 1769, he writes, "I shall leave Princeton in the spring, 
but to what corner of the globe I know not, the wide world is before me. 
One of the principal things I regard is to be situated well with respect to 
friends, and without flattery I can say, the nearer to you the better. But 
be the distance what it will, I shall be incapable of forgetting you. You 
wish me success if I do not cross the river. Rush would call this an 
hypothetical wish, and so worth nothing. If I settle in a certain part of 
the Jersies, as my friends advise, I shall practice undoubtedly in P c . 
Sergeant urges this strongly, tho' indeed the fees in your Penn a Courts, 
are trilling compared with those of ours. A strong inducement to cross 
the river, will be to see you now and then. My compliments to Rush : 
I hear he drew 100 £ in the late Lottery, and if so, I give him joy. I hear 
also he is admitted into the practice ; if true I give him double joy, and 
wish him success wherever he goes. There is a noble wish, not confined 
like yours, but unlimited, like Dan Sheridans long nose." It will be seen 
later, that the new fledged practitioner did not seek a new home in any 
remote corner of the wide world before him. Rush here mentioned was 
Jacob, a younger brother of the signer, a graduate of the Class of 1765, 
who took high rank as a jurist in Penn a . No Phi'. 1 lawyer now would 
admit an insinuation so derogatory to his professional reputation, and 
especially would confess to no inferiority to his brethren in New Jersey 
in that respect. John Macpherson Junior, to whom the letter was written, 
was an Alumnus of Princeton in 1766, and class mate of Chief Justice 
Ellsworth. He was an intimate friend and correspondent of the subject 
of this memoir, the close relations of the two being continued until ter- 



84 William Patcrson. [April, 

minated by the sudden, though brilliant death of Macpherson, before the 
walls of Quebec, where with Aaron Burr and another graduate of Prince- 
ton, he was an aid to Gen. Montgomery. He was the son of an 
eccentric Scotch sea-captain, who claimed to have a better right to the 
authorship of the celebrated Farmers Letters than John Dickinson, an 
intimate friend, to whom he bound his son as a legal apprentice. He 
lived at Mount Pleasant, an extensive country estate or plantation, near 
where the line of the Reading Rail Road now crosses the Schuylkill, sold 
by him a few years afterwards to Benedict Arnold, when the latter was 
married to Margaret Shippen, and where history records them as entertain- 
ing in magnificent and princely style in the winter of 1780. The family 
became connected by marriage with that of Bishop White. John 
Macpherson Berrien, of Georgia, Senator and Attorney General of the 
U.S. in 1840, was a descendant and namesake of the elder Macpherson. 

Settling at a place known as New Bromley, in Hunterdon Co., the 
name of which is not preserved in the vicinity, he commenced the practice 
of his profession, and also became interested with some of his family in 
mercantile operations. It is clear that for some years his legal business 
was very limited, so that the tradition of his intention to abandon his pro- 
fession, was correct. During this time a strong friendship had sprung up 
between Mr. Paterson and Aaron Burr, then a student in the College at 
Princeton, and where the former was more or less of his time, which con- 
tinued during life. Here is an extract from a letter to the latter. 

" Princeton, January 17th 1772. Dear Burr, I am just ready to leave, 
and therefore cannot wait on you. Be pleased to accept of the enclosed 
notes on dancing. If you pitch upon it as the subject of your next dis- 
course, they may furnish you with a few hints, and enable you to com- 
pose with greater facility and despatch. To do you any little service in 
my power, will afford me great satisfaction, and I hope you will take the 
liberty — it is nothing more, my dear Burr than the freedom of a friend — 
to call upon me whenever you may think I can. Bear with me when I 
say, that you cannot speak loo slow. Every word should be pronounced 
distinctly : one should not be sounded so highly as to drown another. 
To see you shine as a speaker, would give great pleasure to your friends 
in general and to me in particular. You certainly are capable of making 
a good speaker. Dear Burr, adieu, Wm. Paterson." 

This and another from Mr. Paterson to a student named John Daven- 
port, has satisfied me that the two pieces set forth in Davis Memoirs of 
Col. Burr, Vol. I. pages 28 & 30, and attributed to him as a College ex- 
ercise, were written really by the author of "the enclosed notes on danc- 
ing." The internal evidence to that effect is so overwhelming and decisive. 

While thus halting as it were between two opinions, neither one thing 
or the other, lawyer or trader, the differences and discussions between G. 
B. and the Colonies, began to assume a decided shape, and all the members 
of this family took part at once with the latter, though but late comers, 
and some of them, as appears from the minutes of the Committee of 
Safety, possessed of considerable freehold estates in Ireland thus rendered 
liable to confiscation there. Public Records show that from the beginning, 
Mr. Paterson was active every way in promoting and sustaining colonial 
liberty, and his private letters prove an earnestness and enthusiasm, that 
can manifest only a deep conviction of the justness of the cause. Having 
put his hand to the plough, he never looked backward through all the 



1892.] William Palerson. ge 

chances and changes of that memorable struggle. Time permits this only 
to be said, that from the date of his appointment as a Delegate to the Pro- 
vincial Congress of New Jersey from the County of Somerset, to the close 
of the war, he was in constant and efficient service. Upon the organiza- 
tion of the State Government, in which he bore a conspicuous part, he 
was chosen Attorney General, vacating the other appointments he held at 
the time, one of which was a commission as commander of a regiment. 
He continued to discharge the responsibilities of this trust, to his pecuni- 
ary detriment and against his personal inclination, until the termination 
of hostilities. In family letters he refers to the business as unpleasant 
and disagreeable, especially the prosecution and trials of the disaffected to 
the State Government, then called " loyalists," of whom there were many 
in the Jersies, particularly during the retreat of Washington, and when 
numbers, whose fears prevailed over their faith, accepted the amnesty 
offered by the British authorities. During this period Mr. Paterson 
resided at Rariton, so called, not what is known now by that name, but 
descriptive of an indefinite extent of country along the river, then held, 
mediately or 'immediately, under proprietary patents or rights, in large 
farms or plantations. In one of the domestic letters, when warlike opera- 
tions were pronounced on the fields of New Jersey, the writer says : "We 
have one or the other of the armies always with us." While Attorney 
General he was selected by the Continental Congress, with other persons 
of conspicuous prominence in the patriot cause on important commis- 
sions, taking such as were. He resigned the office as soon as peace was 
assured beyond doubt, removing from Rariton to New Brunswick a short 
time afterward. Extracts from a correspondence with a brother at New 
Orleans will furnish some idea of the situation, and in other personal 
particulars, may be interesting to some present. In a letter dated Rariton, 
12 May 1783, he says: "I have delayed writing until some official 
certainty of a general pacification was probable.' Preliminaries have 
reached us, but no advices of a formal ratification. We have had a 
general time of rejoicing upon the occasion. A period glorious and 
auspicious indeed. Evervbody is pleased with the Peace, except the 
Tories and Refugees, who are exceedingly clamorous and rail incessantly 
at King and Parliament. The spirit of the people is high : they seem 
determined not to suffer any of the Refugees to return and live among 
them : a few came over but they were hunted back, immediately. 
About two weeks ago, more than 9,000 set sail from N. Y. for Port 
Roseway in Nova Scotia. Another embarkation is taking place. Speed 
to them all." Not much mincing in words or opinions here, although 
the brother-in-law of the writer was preparing to be of the number, thus 
given a hearty outgoing welcome. Again, " I shall move to Brunswick 
in a few weeks. I have rented the house in which Mariner lived, formerly 
Lagrange and nearly opposite to Dr. Scott's. I have rented out the farm. 
Marriages : Chief Justice Brearley to Miss Betsey Higbee. John Stevens, 
the Treas r to Miss Coxe, eldest daughter of Col. Cox of Trenton. John 
Rutherfurd to Miss Morris, daughter of Gen. Morris. Wm. Lawrence of 
Phil 1 to Miss Jenny Ricketts : Dr. Ramsay of S. C. to Miss Fanny 
Witherspoon. Maj. Landsdale of M d to Miss Cornelia Van Horn of 
Somerset — Wm. Wallace of Rariton to Miss Sally Durham of same place. 
Justice Symmes to the widow of Parson Halsey. Parson Armstrong .to 
Miss Livingston of Princeton. Wm. McEwen to Miss Mehelm, daughter 



§5 William Paterson. [April, 

of Col. Mehelm. Deaths: Lord Stirling: Col. Barber, by the fall of a 
horse. Old Mr. Neilson of Brunswick, who devised his estate to his son, 
Col. Jno. Nelson, assigning as a reason, the noble stand he had taken in 
defence of his country." Another manifestation of patriotic spirit and 
spunk. "Promotions: Col. Dayton made a Brigadier Gen 1 . " It was 
during the residence of Mr, Paterson at Rariton that Aaron Burr com- 
menced preparing for the legal profession under his instruction. Quite 
interesting and amusing details are connected with the causes which 
induced that well-known character and Col. Robert Troup, another 
youthful revolutionary officer, to prefer the seclusion of that location 
under Mr. Paterson rather than avail themselves of the advantages offered 
by the residence and fame of a more prominent practitioner. Domestic 
relations were the reasons that caused Mr. Paterson to select Brunswick as 
a future residence and home. 

From the time of removing to New Brunswick, until appointed a 
Delegate to the Federal Convention in May 1787, a period of four years, 
Mr. Paterson held no public position, but was engaged assiduously in 
prosecuting his profession, which he mentions in a private letter as hav- 
ing become large and lucrative. During this period or shortly afterwards, 
with a few other associates he assisted in reorganising and rebuilding the 
Presbyterian Church in New Brunswick, the original edifice having been 
rendered unfit for religious worship by the vandalism of the British Army 
and their mercenaries, while in military occupation of that town. By 
accepting and acting under the Commission of honour and trust conferred 
upon him by the Legislature of the State, without solicitation on his part, 
he again became a participator in public affairs, eventually to an extent 
more conspicuous and prominent than when Attorney General. In fact 
this may be said to have been the turning point in his career. 

It is not necessary to dwell at length upon the part taken by Mr. 
Paterson in the deliberation of the Convention, as 1 shall allude to that 
only in a general and summary wav. The line of action pursued by the 
smaller States and the names of those who stood forth as special champions 
in their behalf, have been disseminated in latter days in lecture and on 
forum, alike by statesman, scholar and student. These agree, that Con- 
necticut, Maryland and New Jersey were inflexibly opposed to any and 
every proposition, and resisted every effort to establish a form of govern- 
ment, that would destroy the equality and right of the States, and that the 
leaders of the several delegations, were Oliver Ellsworth, Luther Martin, 
and William Paterson, all of whom had been cotemporaries in College at 
Princeton, founders of the Cliosophic Society, became Att y Gen 1 of their 
respective States during the very struggle, the first and last Senators, 
Governors, and Justices together on the Sup Ct, and dying within six 
months of each other, while Martin was to acquire additional professional 
and forensic reputation in the State Trials of Samuel Chase and Aaron 
Burr, both of whom he defended, and both of whom were acquitted, not- 
withstanding the activity of Jefferson to procure a conviction of the latter, 
and his stigmatising Martin as an "impudent Federal bull dog," for which 
the latter repaid him with full interest, whenever he found an opportunity. 
The Report made by Martin to the Legislature of Maryland, is stated by 
McMaster in the first volume of his interesting story of the People of the 
U. S., to be "worth reading." In that Martin says, that what are known 
as the N. J. propositions were prepared and approved by the deputies 



1892.] William Paterson. 87 

from Conn', N. Y.. N. J., Del., and M d and "laid before the Conven- 
vention by the Hon. Mr. Paterson of the Jersies. " Debates just here 
were warm and racy. Paterson contended that thirteen sovereign and 
independent States could not form one nation, that that could be done 
only by obliterating State lines and dividing the country into Districts 
and that the Convention could not foim one government, and destroy the 
sovereignty of the very States that sent them to it to make that sov y yet 
more secure. This was a blow straight from the shoulder, and he main- 
tained further, that a Fed. Gov' could be framed to act on individuals, as 
well as on States, declaring with emphasis, he would never consent to the 
proposed plan, being that of numerical representation in each leg ve body, 
nor would New Jersey submit to despotism or tyranny. Rather energetic 
language that, the historian recording that the angry tones and menace of 
the speaker had their effect, and the moment he was done, Wilson, of Pa. 
who was noted on a previous page as being best prepared of all the 
deputies for the work before them, rose to reply. It would seem in this 
case, that a native of Scotland, who had been trained in the Univ s of 
Edinburgh, of Glasgow, and of St. James, was selected to answer the 
Scotch-Irishman, whose diplomas had been conferred, probably in just as 
elegant classical diction, but still only by a struggling provincial high- 
school collegiate institution lately located in a wilderness of forests, with 
no more than a single Professor, and a Freshman Class of one. This 
specimen of the sentiments of those who resisted the establishment of a 
consolidated form of government, is all that time will permit to be given. 
In the end the persistent efforts and defiant attitude of such as insisted on 
a parity of numbers in the upper branch of the confederated Legislature, 
afterward designated as the Senate, prevailed. It was for the decided stand 
taken by the Deputies from New jersey and Connecticut on this para- 
mount principle, when the Convention was in the throes of dissolution, 
that one of the great triad of statesmen who adorned the first half of the 
present century, declared in the Senate of the United States, that it was 
owing mainly to the leaders of those delegations, that the people are 
indebted for what he calls this admirable government, and that their 
names should be graven on brass and live forever. He added that the 
States farther south were blind : they did not see the future, and it was to 
the sagacity of these leaders, aided by a few others not so prominent, we owe 
the present Constitution. It was some six years previously, in the Federal 
City, before the writer and another, said by tradition to be thirty minutes 
younger, had attained the stature of electoral voters, on a bright May 
morning in 1849, when Capitol Hill was redolent with the fragrance of 
bursting leaf and blooming flower, and bees and birds were in full tune, 
when nature was putting on her annual robes of vernal beauty, and the 
air was vocal with soft murmuring notes of melody and song, that this 
same statesman, whom they had been induced to visit by the persistence 
of a mutual friend, for you must know they were green as the springing 
turf that lined their pathway through those pleasant grounds on that fair 
morn, after ascertaining their lineage, surprised and startled them, in an 
interview of nearly two hours, by relating more of the public services of this 
ancestor, especially of his constitutional work, than ever learned before 
or since frjm family or friend. Horace Greeley lays down a rule that no 
speaker should talk of himself, but this is ancestral rather than personal, 
in fact historical, and Fenimore Cooper says in the preface to one of the 



88 William Paler son. [April, 

Littlepage Manuscripts there are incidents and events in the lives of the most 
humble that go to make up history, and this is our dual contribution or 
mite Besides, everyone must have an ancestry, and every one, especially 
a youth, likes to. think and to feel, that his people have not been nobodies. 
A coat of arms which is like the Apostle's evidence of things unseen, 
always is referred to with pride and satisfaction even in a republican 
country, and this is of a similar nature. Neither of those youths forgot 
that visit ; nor afterward did they ever asperse the name or the memory of 
John C. Calhoun, or wonder at the influence he exerted in the State of 
South Carolina. 

Upon the organisation of the Federal Government, Mr. Paterson was 
chosen by the Legislature to be one of the Senators of the U. S. In this 
body, he was assigned an important position on the Judiciary Committee 
of which Ellsworth of Conn, his College mate, and associate in the Fed- 
eral Convention, was chairman. On these two, devolved the work of 
organising the judiciary by suitable legislation, and of imparting efficacy 
and vitality to the Federal Courts. Ellsworth, beyond question, was in 
the forefront of all those in the upper branch of the first Congress, charged 
with the responsibility of setting the machinery of the general government, 
in running gear and order. John Adams regarded him as the pillar of the 
admin" of Washington in the Senate, and Aaron Burr said of him, he had 
acquired such influence there, that if by chance, he spelled the name of 
the Deity with a double final d, it would take the Senate three weeks to 
expunge the superfluous letter. While the chief credit of successful labor 
in this respect belongs to Ellsworth, still the manuscript notes of argu- 
ments and speeches by Mr. Paterson yet extant, manifest that his share 
of the work, though secondary to that of Ellsworth, by no means was 
insignificant or ornamental. It is probable from the close connection 
dating from collegiate friendship, that Mr. Paterson was named as first 
assistant on the Committee, at the instance of Ellsworth. Their system 
yet regulates this department of government, and commands the approval 
of those who best understand its merit. 

In 1790, Mr. Paterson resigned his position as Senator to accept the 
Office of Governor, made vacant by the death of Wm. Livingston. To day 
the reverse would happen, for the State Executive is made a stepping 
stone to senatorial honors, one person sometimes retaining both and 
through both to attain a higher degree of eminence. The Legislature 
but ratified the popular choice in making this selection. He was re- 
elected twice, continuing to exercise Executive functions, until March 
1793, when he was nominated by Gen. Washington to the position of 
Associate Justice of the Sup Ct of the U. S. While Governor, he was 
appointed to revise and put in proper form the statute laws of the State, 
which work was completed in 1800, and has been the foundation of a 
system that has commanded the highest praise. The original manu- 
script of this compilation is extant intact to day, but not in possession of 
any of the family, that having been transferred many years ago, by the tes- 
tamentary devisee, to a State jurist, distinguished for legal and equitable 
attainments, and remaining now in the custody of a descendant. It 
would seem no more than proper, that such a relic should be deposited 
in the State Archives. 

For the remainder of his life, Mr. Paterson continued to hold the 
position of Associate Justice, residing still at his home in New Brunswick, 



1892.] William Paterson. £q 

but accustomed to travel from N. H. to Ga. holding courts in every 
State. At the time of his appointment, the department was not organised 
fully, and many cases, involving principles peculiar to an untried form of 
government, still remained unsettled and unadjudicated. Among the 
most noted of these was that of Van Homes Lessee vs. Dorrance, and 
Penhallow vs. Doanes Adm rs , opinions in which are to be found in Dallas' 
Reports. Matthew Lyon, arraigned in Ct for violation of the Sedition Law, 
was tried and convicted before him, and his notes quite full and minute, 
still are preserved. Here it is apparent, that the opinions of Mr. Paterson 
on state sovereignty and federal jurisdiction, had undergone considerable 
modification in favor of the latter. The year in which the writer attained 
legal majority, the fine of $1,000 imposed on Lyon, was refunded by an 
act of the Federal Congress, and the Alien and Sedition Law with the 
Judge who imposed the penalty, ventilated very thoroughly. Stephen A. 
Douglas was the great champion. In 1799, Oliver Ellsworth resigned 
as Chief Justice, and it was the desire of the Federal party, and especially 
of the Federal Senators, twelve out of thirteen uniting in a recommenda- 
tion, that the office should be tendered to his friend and associate of 
many years in public life. But President Adams, for reasons of his own, 
mainly personal it was asserted, refused very pertinaciously to come into 
any such arrangement, and so the nomination went, in the cant phrase of 
to day, and as was the result really, where it did the most good. After 
this Mr. Paterson was engaged principally in the avocations of his office, 
the last act of his public life being the trial in New York of Samuel G. 
Ogden and Wm. S. Smith for aiding Miranda in fitting out vessels to 
incite some of the South American States, then tributaries of Spain, to 
rebellion and rev". Jefferson and his Cabinet were alleged to be aware 
of the designs of Miranda, and letters from an officer attached to the ex- 
pedition, published in 1810, leave little doubt of the complicity of some 
of those high dignitaries in the transaction. So a motion was made for 
an attachment to compel their attendance, the argument of which con- 
tinued for a month, when it was denied, as also was one for a postpone- 
ment of the trial. Judge Paterson was compelled by increasing debility 
to leave the bench just here, never again to appear upon it. The re- 
porter of the trial says in a footnote that "Judge Paterson was extremely 
indisposed while he attended this Court, and what the reporter feared 
has been realised. The great and learned Judge has been translated to 
another and a better world." In less than two months on 9 September 
1806, he died at Albany, while on his way to Ballstown Springs, for 
the benefit of the mineral waters, then famous for their medicinal and 
sanitary properties, in age at most, a few months rising sixty one years. 
Mr. Paterson was a Trustee of Princeton College from 1787 to 1802. re- 
signing from pressure of official business, and while an Associate Justice, 
was tendered by Washington the positions of Atty Gen' and State Depart', 
the latter on the retirement of Jefferson. The offer of this is based on 
information communicated by Judge Paterson to a near marital connec- 
tion, who mentioned the fact to the writer on more occasions than one. 
He was the first Alumnus of Princeton, who was tendered a place in the 
Cabinet or on the Federal Judiciary, the Atty Gen', the first one being 
Wm. Bradford, also an Alumnus, a class mate of Madison, and College 
mate of Burr, then not constituting part of the Executive Household. 
His minister, the Rev. Mr. Clark states that he had declined to accept 



uO William Palerson. [April, 

the appointment of Chief Justice prior to that of Ellsworth, but gives no 
reason for the assertion. There is no tradition now in the family to that 
effect, as exists in the other cases. No other citizen of New Jersey was 
honored with a similar judicial trust until the appointmnt of Justice 
Bradley, recently deceased. 

When setting forth on his career in life, Mr. Paterson had chosen a 
location, no doubt mainly with professional or business purposes in view, 
but one at the same time abounding in rural love-liness and beauty. All 
the country around was pleasant and good to behold, is the language of 
an early chronicler, and the scenes that open to the eye to day along the 
banks, and stretching through and back from the meadows of the river, 
from whence was derived the Indian name of the neighborhood, are as 
fair and picturesque as then, saving where art has not improved nature. 
In the winter of 1778, the head quarters of Washington were established 
at a Plantation called Ellerslie, in a mansion just completed by one of the 
Wallace family of Phil a so named after an ancestral Estate in Scotland. 
Gov. Livingston, with his social circle, exceedingly popular and attractive, 
were the guests of Lord Stirling a connection by marriage at Basken- 
gridge, and so there was a round of gaiety by day, perhaps of revelry by 
night, throughout the military department of Middlebrook. Near to this 
Ellerslie Plantation, was another known as Bellefield, the proprietor of 
which emigrated to Phil 3 in 1745-50, retiring afterwards to this rural 
retreat at Rariton. It is plain from existing papers and letters, that the 
attractions at the military Head Quarters, were not sufficiently powerful to 
distract Mr. Paterson from the pursuit of female knowledge at the neigh- 
boring Plantation, and that too under difficulties, for the proprietor was a 
pronounced loyalist, whose son at the time was attached to the private 
staff of the British Commander here. So the Attorney General would 
seem to have been prosecuting two kind of suits against loyalists, and suc- 
cessful in each. His letters manifest unflagging zeal at the bar of one of 
these Courts : none of his descendants have come near his assiduity in the 
preliminary practice of such a suit, any more than to that of his judicial 
character and reputation. He was married on 9 February 1779, to 
Cornelia Bell, at the Union Farms, in the Township of Lebanon, in the 
County of Hunterdon, then the residence of Anthony White, the head of 
a well known New Brunswick family, who with a number of prominent 
colonial Jerseymen, John Stevens, Walter Rutherfurd, James Parker and 
others, composed a Society holding large tracts of land in that County and 
Sussex, under West Jersey Proprietary Patents. Cornelia Bell was the 
daughter of John Bell aforesaid and the ceremony was performed by the 
Rev. Samuel Blair a distinguished Presbyterian minister who had declined 
the Presidency of Princeton College before Witherspoon accepted the 
office. This daughter was intimate in the White family, all of whom were 
patriots, the only son being in the Continental service, and as the story 
runs, aided the Attorney General in smoothing over the unpleasantness 
with the loyalist proprietor of Bellefield. It would seem that Mr. and 
Mrs. Paterson remained at Union Farms until the following July, when 
he purchased the plantation at Rariton, on which he continued to reside 
to the date of his removing to New Brunswick in 1783. The house in 
which he was married, still is standing in the midst of a country remark- 
able for rural attraction, and near by on the same farm are the ruins of 
an old Forge in which weapons of war were manufactured for the Patriot 



[892.] William Pater si 



91 



Army. It is owned and occupied to day by Mr. Joseph Extell a Com- 
missioner to the last General Assembly from the Presbytery of Elizabeth. 
His wife died soon after the removal to N. B. leaving a daughter 
and a son. The former married Stephen Van Rensselaer, the 
Patroon of Albany, at whose Manor-House her father died, and became 
the mother of nine children, none of whom are living at this date, the last 
survivor, bearing her family name, dying quite recently. The surviving 
son of her oldest son, called from her father, is Kilaen Van Rensselaer, a 
citizen of high standing in New York, and a prominent layman in the 
Presbyterian Church. The son, also of the legal profession, but of retir- 
ing and reserved disposition, never in public life, died at Perth Amboy in 
1833. Of his three sons, the speaker is the sole survivor, and he with a 
juvenile collateral of the same name, residing in Princeton, now being the 
fourth generation of such as have matriculated at the College, are all that 
remain of a family quite numerous at one time. Beside Richard, there 
were four others certainly, possibly more, in or around Princeton, of 
whom, so far as is known, not a trace has existed for many years. Richard 
appears to have had five children, two daughters, one of whom Frances 
married a Mr. Irwin in 1768, and died leaving a son, who became a 
physician, but from letters of Mr. Paterson, was of a roving disposition, 
went to the new countries, and no tradition exists of his future career. 
Another, Polly, died quite young at the home of this brother in Rariton. 
Thomas and Edward were in the Patriot Army, and also with the Jersey 
troops called out to suppress the western insurrections. Neither left any 
descendants, and both died after Mr. Paterson, Thomas about 1822 : he 
seems to have been quite a genius in his way, dabbling in verse, and 
painting a full length portrait of himself, yet in good preservation, which 
might have been worse in execution. After the death of his wife, Mr. 
Paterson was married again to Euphemia White, a daughter of the 
Anthony White at whose house he was married in 1779, and whose name 
is recorded in his own handwriting, as one of those present on the 
occasion. She survived her husband more than 25 vears, dying at New 
Brunswick in 1832, at an advanced age. Anthony Walton White Evans, 
a civil engineer of prominence in this City, who died in 1886, was a lineal 
descendant in the fourth generation from the Anthony White, of whom 
mention here has been made. 

In this condensed sketch of the life and services of one who participated 
quite prominently in the formation of State and Federal Government, 
incidents of a character personal and historical have been omitted in order 
to keep from trespassing beyond the time limited by the rule and custom 
of the Society. Such as possess a general interest, with others, associated 
more or less with the purpose of the biography, including correspond- 
ence of a domestic and public nature, will be prepared in a manner more 
succinct, and published, if sufficient encouragement be attained for defray- 
ing the expense. In any event, the manuscript will be completed under 
ordinary circumstances attendant on human life, so that the same may be 
placed in a proper depository for safe keeping and preservation. 



Q2 Noles and Queries. [April, 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Proceedings of the Society. — The usual monthly lecture meeting has been 
held during the past season. On the 9th of October, General Wilson, the President 
of the Society, read a paper on " Judge Bayard's London Diary." It was of extreme 
interest and threw much new light upon the character of that eminent gentleman. 
At the meeting held Nov. 13, a valuable paper on " The Doomsday Book" was read 
by Mr. Edward Wakefield of London. Dec. nth Mr. Berthold Fernow, late Keeper 
of the Records in the State Library at Albany, delivered an address on "The 
Churches and Schools of New York City." Mr. Fernow traced the development M 
our city churches and schools from their foundation in the early colonial times to the 
present day, and gave brief sketches of their history and their growth. His paper 
showed evidence of great research. The annual meeting was held at the rooms of 
the Society on January 8th 1892, when the following gentlemen were elected: Presi- 
dent, Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson; First Vice-President, Dr. Ellsworth Eliot; Second 
Vice-President, Dr. Samuel S. Purple; Recording Secretary, Thomas G. Evans; 
librarian, Gerrit H. Van Wagenen ; Treasurer, Dr. George II. Butler. Mr. Henry 
T. Drowne, Mr. Jacob Wendell and Mr. Thomas C. Cornell were elected to serve as 
Trustees of the Society for the ensuing three years. After the business of the even- 
ing meeting had been disposed of Mr. Josiah C. Pumpelly read a paper on " Capt. 
John Paul Jones." At the meeting of February 12th Hon. William Paterson deliv- 
ered an address on the life and public services of his grandfather William Paterson, 
Governor of New Jersey and a Justice of the United States Supreme Court, and on 
March nth Mr. Eugene Lawrence told of Governor Cosby of New York and the 
Freedom of the Press 1730-1743. At the meeting of March 18th, General Wilson 
presented to the Society an original drawing of the Bayard Country seat at Alphen, 
near I.eyden. Holland, including portraits of Samuel Bayard and his wife Anne 
Stuyvesant, as they appeared in 1640, framed in the wood of that interesting relic of 
ancient days — the Stuyvesant pear tree. Many readers of the Record will remem- 
ber the old tree which stood on the corner of Thirteenth street and Third Avenue. 
It fell about a score of years ago, and portions of it were preserved by the Stuyvesant 
and Bayard families. The Society has recently received a considerable accession to 
its membership and is doing a good work in its chosen field. Among the members 
recently elected are Col. Joseph J. Slocum, Rev. Dr. Newland Maynard, Mr. Lewis 
A. Williams, Samuel W. Blidgham, Jacques Reich, Francis G. Saltonstall, Henry 
Bedlow, Gen. Thoma-i L. James, Prof. Thomas Egleston, Dr. William S. Mayo, 
Samuel M. Rooseveit, Eugene Lawrence, Judge William Paterson, and the Hon. 
William R. (Irace. 

The name of the first wife of John Townsend of Hurry, known as "Mill 
John," is given as " Johannah." Some of her descendants would like to know her 
parentage. The second wife of said John Townsend was Esther Smith. She was 
member of Society of Friends and under censure " for marrying one not of our 
Society." One of the executors of the estate of John Townsend was an Isaac Smith. 
The names of Esther's children were Hetty, Sarah, Zerviah, Jotham, Micajah, 
Jonadub, John, Elizabeth and Uriah. Information as to her parentage is desired 
by GEO. w. cocks. 

Glen Cove, Queens Co., N. Y. 

The Committee on the Columbus statue, consisting of Messrs. Wilson, Vander- 
bilt, Astor, Marquand, Grace, Goodwin and James, have ordered it made, and have 
decided that the Statue be unveiled in April, 1S93, at the time of the great naval dis- 
play in New York Harbor. The oration will be delivered by Chauncey M. Depew, 
and the Statue unveiled by the President of the United States. The Officers of the 
Committee are Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson, Chairman; James J. Goodwin, Secretary, 
and Thomas L. James, President of the Lincoln National Bank, Treasurer. 

The Record for April, 1891, contained the following statement : "Those pleas- 
ant harbingers of returning Spring, the robins and red birds, first appeared in the 
Central Park on the seventh of March, and the little crocuses appeared in sunny 
corners of the Ramble a week later." When the writer of the above lines sought 



Obituaries. 



93 



on March 2ist the same spot, he found a foot of snow where the flowers were in 
blossom the previous year, and in his daily walks through the Park has not, at the 
beginning of the fourth week of March, yet seen a robin or red bird. w. 

I HAVE received so much valuable assistance in my genealogical work in SCOT- 
LAND from Mr. Henry Paton, M.A.. 15, Myrtle Terrace, Edinburgh, G. B., that 1 
want to commend him to any American needing search made in the Records of Scot- 
land. Mr. l'aton is a gentleman, and in all his work is most prompt and accurate. 
His charges are very moderate. ARTHUR wen 1 worth h. EATON. 

Members of the Society and other persons possessing copies of the Record for 
January, 1S75, and who do not design completing and binding their sets, will greatly 
oblige the Publication Committee by sending them to the Society's Hall. If desired 
they will receive in exchange the four quarterly numbers for the present year — iSg2 
— or if they prefer, one dollar in cash. 

At the two last meetings of our Society Georue William Curtis and John 
Greenle.u W'iiii tier were elected Honorary Members. The last mentioned, under 
date of March fourth, wrote to his friend the President of our Society. " I am just 
beginning to read and write a little after several weeks' illness, and shall be glad to 
read thy history of New York City.'' 

Mr, Charles Burr Todd has recently issued a second and handsome edition of 
his "General History of the Burr Family, with a Genealogical Record from 1193 to 
1S91." This new and enlarged edition, of 535 octavo pages, contains numerous steel 
portraits, and is published by the author, who may be addressed at No. 98 Bible 
House, New York City. \v. 

Our fellow member Frederick D. Thompson. Esq., who is making a tour around 
the world, has reached Bombay, from which place he sent the president of the Society 
several beautiful photographs of famous palaces and tombs in India that were shown 
to the audience after the Address by Mr. Lawrence on March eleventh. 

The next address will be delivered on the eighth of April by Prof. Thomas 
Egleston of Columbia College, whose subject is Major Egleston of the Revolution- 
ary Army. The address of May thirteenth will be by the Rev. Dr. B. F. De 
Costa, subject, "The Early Nationalities on Manhattan Island." 



OBITUARIES. 



In the recent death of Dr. Shea American scholarship and American historical 
literature has lost one of its most distinguished ornaments. Succumbing to an attack 
of one of the most incurable of diseases, Dr. John Dawson Gilmary Shea passed away 
on the morning of February 22, 1892, at his home in Elizabeth. New Jersey. His 
father, James Shea, an educated Irish gentleman, arrived in this country in 1815, 
being landed in New Jersey, near Shrewsbury Inlet, the captain of the ship fearing to 
go into New York lest he should be arrested for cruelty to his crew and passengers. 
Accidentally meeting one of the Schuylers of New Jersey, who found him to be well 
educated, he was engaged by that gentleman as a private teacher for his sons. . After- 
wards he opened a private school in New York, which about 1829 was amalgamated 
with the Grammar School of Columbia College, of which he became the leading 
mathematical master. Many of his pupils still living have a vivid recollection of their 
old instructor. One of them writes, " I never knew I >r. John Gilmary Shea, though 
I knew his father very well, and had many brief but painful interviews with him, which 
made a striking impression upon me." * * * * " He had as clear an idea of 
the design and application of a cane as Anthon himself." The latter being the lead- 
ing expert in that science, at that time, in New York. Five years after his arrival in 
America, and in 1820, Mr. Shea married a New England lady who was a 



g4 Obituaries. [April, 

descendant of that Puritan Nicholas Upsall, who was one of the English 
emigrants with Governor Winthrop in 1629, to Massachusetts. Of this marriage 
Dr. Shea was the second son, and was born July 22d, 1824. He was a delicate, 
gentle boy, lacking robustness, but bright and quick. So much so, that his 
father jokingly but affectionately sometimes called him " Mary," instead of 
his baptismal name of" John." Later in life, and at the time he thought of becom- 
ing a priest, he retained this name, adding to it the prefix of " Gil," an Irish word 
meaning "servant." And thus he became John Gilmary (the servant of Mary) Shea, 
a proof of the deep religious devotion which characterized him. His other name of 
"Dawson" was rarely or never used. He was a rapid learner, and at the age of 
thirteen passed his examination to enter college. This however he did not do, 
but went into the counting room of a Spanish merchant — a change which proved of 
great benefit to him through life, for he there acquired that thorough and perfect 
knowledge of the splendid language of Spain, both in writing and speaking, which 
enabled him to produce his masterful history of the early Spanish American missions. 
Beside the classics and Spanish, he was versed in French, Italian, and German. Dr. 
Shea first studied for the bar, and was duly admitted to practice in 1846. But after 
two years he wished to enter the order of the Jesuits, and began his novitiate at St. 
John's College, Fordham. Six years he passed in studies, during which he became 
satisfied that the priestly office was not suited to his talents and tastes, and he 
returned to active life, and began that career of historical and literary study and 
writing to which his acquirements so peculiarly fitted him. He became an active 
member of the New York Historical Society, in which he took the greatest interest, 
and in the library of which he began those lives of study and investigation into original 
material the results of which were later given to the world. He published his first 
historical work " The Discovery and Exploration of the Mississippi Valley," in 1853. 
From that time till his death, a period of almost forty years, he produced the long list 
of Historical works with which his name will ever be associated and held in honor. 
His last great work is the History of the Catholic Church in the United States from 
1521 to the present day. Of this he has published three large octavo volumes, " The 
Catholic Church in the Colonial Days, 1521 to 1763"; the "Life and Times of 
Archbishop Carroll, 1763 to to 1815," and the " History of the Catholic Church in 
the United States to the Fifth Provincial Council, 1815 to 1843," the last of which 
was only issued within a year. This is by far the most thorough, perfect, and most 
scholarly history, that has yet been written of any Christian church in America. It is 
a model of what such a history ought to be, and a striking contrast in method, thor- 
oughness,' and treatment, to the more pretentious denominational histories, that of 
late have challenged the attention of clergymen, historians, and students. It is 
understood that a fourth volume has been left nearly, if not quite complete. 
The great number and variety of 1 >r. Shea's historical works preclude even the 
giving of a list. It is to be hoped that some kind hand will confer a boon upon all 
who love American History by publishing a full sketch of the Life of Dr. Shea, with 
a full bibliography of all his writings. During all the time Dr. Shea was engaged 
upon his historical works, he was also the editor of various periodicals, for seven or 
eight years of the pld " Historical Magazine," for a longer period of one of the lead- 
ing departments of " Frank Leslie's " weekly, and at the time of his death and for 
four or five years preceding it, of the " New York Catholic News." Personally Dr. 
Shea was a modest, retiring man, with a vein of humor, and geniality among his 
friends, for which, covering a natural reserve, the world gave him little credit. He 
was very jealous of encroachment on his time by casual strangers, but to his friends, 
and to all who came to him properly authenticated, he was ever ready to open and 
impart his great stores of information freely and fully. Of Roman Catholic Puritan 
birth, himself, he also made a happy marriage with a daughter of another New 
England family, bearing the old Puritan name of Savage, who with two daughters 
survives him. A striking illustration of the fact of how the antagonisms of old 
change and expire in America. D. 

Royal Paine, corresponding member of this Society, died Dec. 18th, 1891, at 
Windham, Conn., in his 85th year ; and is buried in the Wadsworth lot of the North 
Burying Ground, Hartford, Conn. He was the son of Royal Paine, of Providence, 
and Anna Vinson, of Newport, R. I. ; was born 2d July, 1S06: graduated from Brown 
University in 1827 ; travelled much in South America ; was engaged in the survey 
and construction of the Western R.R. Mass., from Boston to Albany ; of the Michi- 
gan Southern R.R., and of the N. Y. & Erie R.R. ; subsequently was a deputy-col- 



. ] Obituaries. 



95 



lector in the U. S. Internal Revenue Service, at Brooklyn, N. Y., where the last 30 
years of his life were spent. He was a faithful and consistent Christian and, with his 
wife, belonged to the Lafayette Ave. Presbyterian Church, Brooklyn. 

Mr. Paine was not a successful man, as the world counts success. Singularly 
sedate and old-fashioned in appearance, quiet and modest in manners, he possessed a 
great fund of contentment (which, " with godliness, is great gain ") and no small de- 
gree of genial humor, together with a reliability of character which rendered him a 
most pleasant and helpful friend to those who gained his acquaintance. It was, indeed, 
this spirit of helpfulness which quietly won its way to the hearts of those who came in 
contact with him. Though his life was uneventful, not a moment was wasted. Being 
an educated and studious man, he naturally turned to antiquarian pursuits — especially 
in the line of Genealogy. At an early day, while engaged in mercantile travel, he 
made a practice, whenever he found himself in a place, for an hour or two, awaiting the 
next train, to look up the nearest grave-yard and to improve the time by copying as 
many of the inscriptions as he could — if he could do no more, at least collecting the 
predominating names which the yard afforded. These memoranda were afterwards 
carefully entered in blank-books, some of which may now be found among the MS. 
archives of this Society. Incidentally, in this line, as also in his reading in libraries, 
etc., he never forgot to collect data which he knew would be useful to his genealogical 
friends ; and the writer of this notice well remembers how the venerable man would 
quietly slip into his office and hand him a number of these pencilled memoranda; 
asking, at the same time, if there were any new histories or genealogies which he 
could borrow. These books were always most punctiliously returned, enriched with 
Mr. P.'s pencilled memoranda and corrections ; especially of defects in indexes. He 
was that rara avis, one who could be trusted to make marginal notes in a borrowed 
volume. He often reminded me of Scott's character of " Old Mortality," in his ven- 
eration for the things of the olden time : and his humble yet uselul methods of labor 
in preserving their memorials. 

This notice is written, in a loving and grateful spirit, in response to a request 
made by Mr. Paine, only two months before his death ; that, when it occurred, I 
would prepare a short obituary of him for the pages of the Record. He loved our 
Society ; and aided its work in many little offices of work and interest too small, per- 
haps, to attract much attention : and he was as frequent an attendant upon its meet- 
ings as health and infirmities would permit. Many of the older members of the 
Society will remember him, sitting by the bookcases in the old quarters in Mott Me- 
morial Hall, and busily improving the moments, before the meeting began, in examin- 
ing and making notes from the new additions to the Library. On some of the 
afternoons, also, on which the Library was open to visitors, he would act as " locom 
tenens " for the Librarian ; and proved himself a genial and useful guide to those who 
were seeking their ancestral lines. The Paine Genealogy, and, also, a projected 
History of Windham county, will be found to have been much indebted to his inob- 
trusive and patient labors. H. R. s. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Underhill Coi.es, a native of Long Island, who died at her 
residence in this city Dec. 29, 1S91, at the age of seventy-eight years, was the widow 
of William F. Coles. Her only son William T. who died several years ago, was a Life 
Member of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, and by her 
will Mrs. Coles left a legacy of twenty thousand dollars to this Society. If.the inten- 
tions of our generous benefactor are not frustrated, by relatives who are endeavoring 
to break her will, it is believed that the Society will soon be in the possession of a 
fireproof building where our valuable collections will be safe from possible destruc- 
tion by fire. Mrs. Coles also made generous gifts to St. John's Cathedral, the Mu- 
seum of Art, and for an institution of learning at Newport, Rhode Island, as a 
memorial of her son, and to be known as Coles College. W. 



q6 Book Notices. [April, 



BOOK NOTICES. 

I* The Battles OF SARATOGA. By Mrs. Ellen Hardin Walworth. Albany: Mun- 
sell's Sons. 8vo, pp. igi. 1S91. 

This is an enlarged edition of a monograph on the Burgoyne Campaign, by the same 
author, published in 1877, with additionsand illustrations. The Saratoga of 1777 (now 
Schuylerville) is not the Saratoga of to-day, hence one would not expect 20 pages de- 
voted, to that Mecca of Fashion. Moreover, the historical student would hardly expect 
from the title, the portrait of Horatio Seymour as a frontispiece; and would feel a slight 
disappointment that the only military portraits are Gen. Daniel Morgan and Gen. J. 
Watts de Peyster, only one of whom, it is needless to add, took part in these battles. 
The portraits of Starin, Marvin, Stone, Markham and the distinguished author are 
interesting and good, but while these are well enough to supplement, we looked for 
Schuyler who laid the foundations, Arnold. Poor, St. Clair, Fellows, Cooke, Latimer. 
Cilley, Scammell, Livingston, Van Cortland who fought so bravely, and Gates who 
happened to command. Old battle well, the monument, two bas-reliefs and seven 
tablets are in harmony with the subject. The association portraits if complete 
should embrace Hamilton Fish and Philip Schuyler, the first officers ; while the 24- 
pounder captured in 1S13 has a very remote connection with the subject. The map 
is valuable, showing names of localities which have caused confusion, Freeman's Farm, 
Bemis Heights, Stillwater, where the fighting was Sept. 19, Oct. 7, 11-14, while the 
surrender took place at Saratoga, which was the result not of these only but of Stark's 
fight at Bennington, Gansevoortat Fort Stanwix, Herkimer at Oriskany, St. Clair at 
Ticonderoga, which though more removed led up to the victory at Saratoga. The 
main interest is in the history of the battle rather than the monument. The plan of 
Burgoyne is well set forth; so is the position of Guy Carleton, Howe and Henry Clinton 
in relation to it ; the St. Leger episode of Germain ; the expedition and explanation of 
Bennington. On the American side, she slates with little apparent bias, the removal, 
reinstatement and deposition of Schuyler ; the presence of Stark ; the conflict between 
the officers and their commanders. Some fine descriptions are given, like the start 
from Canada, June 12 ; the armistice and conference at the ruins of Schuyler's house, 
where Mrs. Hardin says, "There seemed to be a poetic justice in this, considering 
the magnanimous spirit of Schuyler, the relentless destruction of Burgoyne, and the 
humiliation of the destroyer on the site of the ruin he had wrought." Alluding to the 
expedition of Sir Henry Clinton and " the brave defence of Forts Clinton and Mont- 
gomery by Gov. Clinton and his brother James," she is perhaps too laconic for every 
reader to recognize Gen. Geo. Clinton, afterwards Vice-President, and Maj.-Gen. 
James, the father of Gov. De Witt Clinton. The book is full of facts. There is not the 
same feelings as to individual names. Altogether it is a valuable and interesting volume 
notwithstanding the omission of an index which this class of books should always 
have. R. H. G. 

A Historical Sketch of Hamilton College, Clinton, New York. By the 
Rev. Charles Amer Allison, Vonkers, New York, 1889. 

As a Yale man the writer naturally takes up the history of Hamilton College 
with feelings of peculiar interest, for all the principals of Hamilton Oneida Academy 
(the germ of this institution), John Niles, lames Murdock, Robert Porter, Seth 
Norton, and five of the eight presidents of the college, to wit : Azel Backus, Henry 
Davis, Sereno E. Dwight, Simeon North, and Samuel W. Fisher, beside Caleb 
Alexander the man who secured the necessary subscriptions preliminary to obtaining 
the charter, were graduates of Yale /but this little sketch needs no recommendation 
to those who believe in the collection and preservation of local history, or those who 
know the influence of literary institutions on our nation. The very first group of 
portraits includes Dr. Herrick Johnson, whose appearance is always greeted in our 
city with pleasure ; Dr. Arthur T. Pierson, the Elisha of the great Elijah of the 
London Tabernacle ; Dr. Joel Parker and Dr Thomas S. Hastings, both presidents of 
Union Theological Seminary. Among the succeeding groups the eye drops on the 
features of Gerrit Smith, whose name is known and influence is felt everywhere ; 
Theodore W. Dwight, who has endeared himself to hosts of the New York bar ; 
and many others prominent in Church and State, honoring their alma mater while they 
help humanity. -The index is less complete than one would hope to find it. This is too 



1892.] Book Notices. 



97 



often slighted, but never should be, for in these busy days many turn to the " index " 
first, and it is that portion to which one recurs for particulars dimly remembered, 
when there is neither time nor inclination for an entire re-reading. Perhaps page g, 
the classification of Alumni, will be of most interest to many, who are statistically in- 
clined ; even they may not all understand the first class, denominated ' stelligerents 
651,' and question if it refers to the general officers among the belligerents or 
" Soldiers for the Union, 174 ; " at the end National officers do not appear in the 
index or the classification, nor does United States, but Hon. W, II. II. Miller, Attor- 
ney General of the United States, and United States Senators Hawley, Pratt, and 
Payne appear elsewhere and are referred by the index to State Senators on page 9. We 
could not expect every graduate in a book of eighty pages ; some of us will miss the 
name of Dr. B. W. Dwight, a faithful and laborious genealogist and instructor of 
youth. The inserted corrigenda do not tell us that under "page V, Rev. R. H. 
Hitchcock,'" is hidden our loved and lamented Roswell D. Hitchcock. ' The book 
does not claim to tell everything ; it is interesting and attractive ; we welcome it and 
believe it will grow in interest and value, and hope the faithful compiler will give us 
the rest. R. H. G. 

Personal Recollections of the War of the Rebellion, Addresses be- 
fore the New York Commandery of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States. Edited by James Grant Wilson and Titus Munson Coan, M.D. Published 
by the Commandery. 1891. 8vo, pp. viii. 375 and index 9. 

These reminiscences were given at the gatherings of companions. There are twenty- 
seven papers in all. Without enumerating them, we will speak briefly of a few. 
The opening paper by Col. Rafferty on Gettysburg adds something to a much written 
but not yet overwritten theme ; Cedar Creek is just a glimpse ; Maj. Hopkins' 
Chattanooga in '65 is post bellum, but historical, geographical and interesting ; The 
Army of the Potomac, a kind of unfinished criticism ; Paymaster Hassler's paper is 
pure reminiscence so enjoyable that whoever begins will finish ; General Wilson's 
Red River dam is a conscientious account of the achievement of Col. Bailey and his 
associates ; Dr. Holden's spirited account of the Engagement of the Sassacus with 
the Albemarle is full of interest even if disputed ; Gov. Woodford's story of Sumter 
is good history and good reading. The longest, perhaps the weightiest paper is the 
Fruition of the Ordinance of 18S7 by Gen. Wager Swayne. What Gen. O. O. Howard 
does is always good : Grant at Chattanooga is no exception ; a subject like that and 
Gen. Geo. H. Thomas might inspire a less gifted eulogist. Gen. Walker's Hancock 
is an honest sketch of a superb soldier ; Surgeon Smith's siege and capture of Ply- 
mouth is a full account with facts, figures, names and details. This interesting vol- 
ume is appropriately concluded by Ex-Pres. Hayes' remarks on the " Loyal Legion.'" 
We predict it will not be thrown aside, but those who heard will be glad to read, 
some will be re-read and all preserved. The Commandery is not responsible for 
views or even facts, but it may proudly assume the paternity of the volume as a 
whole. 

Joseph Atkins ; The Story of a Family. By Francis Higginson Atkins. 
1891. 

The Atkins name, though frequently met with in England, where indeed it is used 
as the generic appellation of the private soldier, — " Tommy Atkins," — is quite rare 
in this country, and it is one of the comparatively few American families whose Eng- 
lish lineage can be successfully traced. [oseph Atkins was born in Sandwich, Rent, 
Eng., in 1680. and the records of St. Clement's Church in that old sea-port give 
the date of baptism of his ancestors for three or four generations, most of whom were 
seafaring men and men of importance in the community. Joseph Atkins came to 
New England about 1 710, married the daughter of Gov. Dudley, and his descendants 
are very fully treated of in this admirable little book by Dr. Atkins of Los Vegas, 
N.M. Divergent maternal lines, — Tyng, Gookins, Dudley, Searle, Eliot and others, — 
are traced up, and a number of illustrations and charts add to the vahre of the work. 
It may interest friends of the late venerable Stephen H. Tyng, Sr., for so many years 
rector of St. George's Parish in this city, to learn from this book that his father was 
born Dudley Atkins, and assumed the name Tyng after he had grown to manhood, 
at the request — and bequest — of a wealthy relative. The book is well produced, as to 
paper, printing and binding, and contains much that is of interest to the general 
genealogical reader. T. G. E. 



og Book No/ices. [April, 1892. 

History and Genealogy of the Hoagland Family in America from 
their first SETTLEMENT at New Amsterdam, 1638 to 1891 ; from data fur- 
nished mainly by Daniel Hoagland Carpenter. 

Any one who desires to know how a Family Genealogy ought to be written should 
study this book. It is by far the best example of its kind we have lately seen. Be- 
ginning with the three of the name who settled in this country but who were not the 
traditional three brothers, Cornells Dircksen (1638), Christoffel (1655) and Dirck 
lansen (1657) it traces down their respective lines in a way that reflects great credit 
upon the industry, energy and perseverance of the compiler. An interesting and 
valuable feature is a prefatory chapter on " The Origin of the Name Hoagland." by 
the late Mr. James Riker, who at the time of his death was assisting in preparing 
the work for the press. Many illustrations of persons and places are scattered 
through the pages, and extended sketches are given of many of those who have made 
the name Hoagland one of the most honored and respected in the annals of our coun- 
try. To Dr. Cornelius N. Hoagland of Brooklyn, who has done so much for philan- 
thropy and science as well as for genealogy, great credit is due for the substantial aid 
he has rendered in the publication of this book, which cannot fail to give great impetus 
to a study which is daily becoming more general, — the study of family history. 

T. G. E. 

Genealogical History of Descent from Arthur Rexford of New 
Haven, 1702. By John De Witt Rexford. Svo, pp. 78. Janesville, Wis. i8gi. 

This is an account of the descendants of Arthur Rexford who married Elizabeth 
Stevens at New Haven, Conn., in 1702. It is well written, clear, concise, and easily 
understood when one has mastered the method of numbering, which is a little differ- 
ent from that in ordinary use. Great pains seem to have been taken to verify the 
entries from public and private records. The latter part of the book contains an 
account of several families of Rexford which settled in Broome, Tioga and Saratoga 
Counties, New York, in 1790, or a little later, which have lost their records, but 
which, from their imperfect traditions, the author thinks may very probably be con- 
nected with some members of his own family, for whom he has been unable to 
account. 

Among the family genealogies recently received are those of the Sessions Family 
(Materials for a history of the Sessions Family in America, the descendants of Alex 
ander Sessions of Andover, Mass. 1669, gathered by Francis C. Sessions), — the Dimon 
Family (The Genealogy ol the Dimond or Dimon Family of Fairfield, Conn., etc., 
by Edwin R. Dimon) and the Farnsworth Family (Matthias Farnsworth and his 
Descendants in America. A Monograph by Claudius Buchanan Farnsworth). They 
are all of value, not only in themselves, but also as showing an increasing interest in 
the sort of work which the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society was 
formed to encourage. — the collection and preservation in permanent and accessible 
form of the ancestral records of the people of our great country. 

The Descendants of William Thomas ok Hardwick, Mass. By A. R. 
Thomas. M.D. 8vo, pp. 222. Philad. F. A. Davis. 1891. 

This is a genealogical history of the Thomas family of a little more elaborate 
character than usual. It includes not only tables of descent, but records and sketches, 
sometimes very long and full. The book is illustrated by many views and portraits. 
It covers eight generations and includes 1146 persons. The author distinguishes 
between traditional and authentic history, beginning the latter with the birth of 
William Thomas in 1689 at Newtown, Mass. He was one of the founders of Hard- 
wick, Mass., where he lived and died. He seems to have been a man of energy and 
enterprise. 




^Jjffl*^/^&/p%sfa 



THE NEW YORK 

(Scncatajical anlr §i0graj|kal ^fiUcorir. 



Vol. XXIII. NEW YORK, JULY, 1S92. No. 3. 



MAJOR AZARIAH EGLESTON OF THE REVOLUTIONARY 
ARMY. 



By Thomas Egleston, LL.D. 



Azariah Egleston was born February 23, 1757, in the town of 
Sheffield, Berkshire County, Mass. His parents were Seth and Rachel 
(Church) Egleston. His grandparents were Joseph and Abigail (Ashley) 
Egleston of Westfield. His ancestor Bagot Egleston was born in Eng- 
land in 1590, and came from Exeter in Devonshire. He married Mary 
Talcott of Braintree in Essex, by whom, before leaving England, he had 
had two sons. They embarked in the ship Mary and John, which sailed 
from Plymouth, England, on March 20, 1630, and carried 140 passengers, 
"Godly families and people." Many of them were from the congrega- 
tion of Maverick and Wareham in Exeter, who sailed with them. Mr. 
Wareham had been a celebrated minister in Exeter. The people who 
were associated with him were "an honorable company," and came 
from the counties of Devonshire, Dorsetshire and Somerset. They left 
England to form a colony in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 
On March 29 the Winthrop company, consisting of four vessels, the 
Talbot, the Jewell, the Arabella, and the Ambrose, sailed from Cowes, 
England, for Salem, and reached there on the 12th of June. All of 
these colonists were men and women of good family and well-to-do, 
possessing high courage, a determined moral purpose, and strong 
religious convictions. They organized a church in Plymouth before 
they embarked. The Alary and John was ten weeks on the ocean, 
and it appears that during that period they had " preaching and ex- 
pounding every day." The vessel arrived in Massachusetts Bay on 
the 30th of May, but on account of a quarrel which they had had with 
the captain of the vessel, he, instead of anchoring as had been in- 
tended, in the Charles River, disembarked his passengers at a wild spot 
called Nantasket, near the entrance to Boston Harbor, where they were 
left to shift for themselves. A week later they celebrated the settlement 
at Dorchester with "a day of rest and thanksgiving,"and during the sum- 
mer months built permanent dwellings. The following winter was one 
of great want and suffering, but the colonists bore it with great fortitude. 
In the course of a few months they began to discuss burning questions as 
to their church organization, and finally, after some years, separated into 
parties who agreed as to the main questions of theology, but had slight 
differences of opinion about church organization, and settled different parts 
of the country. 

Bagot Egleston 's name appears on the register as "Baget Egleston, 
gentleman." He was a man of position and influence, and in 1631 was 
made a freeman of Dorchester. The early settlers of this country, and in 



lOO Major Asariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 

fact people of that time generally, were very careless in the spelling of 
names, especially when they were a little unusual. Of the name Bagot 
there are eighteen different spellings : 

Bacot 4 Begat ' Bigott 4 

Baget - Beget Bygatt 3 

Bagget 2 Kigget B-yget 

Bagod Biggett Bygod « 

Bagot* Bigod ' Bygode 

Baggot ' Bigot 4 I J, ygot * 
Beagat 

It must be remembered that many of these are not the signatures of 
the individuals, but the names as copied into documents by clerks who 
were not always careful. In one case there are three different spellings 
of the name in the same document. A careful search prosecuted for sev- 
eral months, both in this country and in Europe, makes it quite sure that 
there are no such names as those which appear without reference in the 
table above. In family records made from memory in this century, the 
name Bigot is the one usually attributed to him, but this is certainly not 
correct. In the recorded copy of his will the name is spelled Bygatt. At 
least seven of these variations in the name are the misspellings of inac- 
curate copyists. The Bigods were, in the time of Charles II., a noble and 
famous family in England, who built Tintern Abbey and figured in history ; 
but the title is now extinct, and it may be that this was a name in his 
mother's family, and from this Bigot, Bagat, or any of the names which 
appear in the copies of documents could easily have been corrupted. 

In 1635 Bagot Egleston removed to Windsor, Conn., and was assigned 
to a position inside the palisado. He afterwards, by reason of purchase 
from other colonists, was appointed the sole owner of the land in the plan of 
1654. He died in Windsor, September 1, 1674, in the 84th year of his age.* 

Azariah's father, Seth Egleston, was born in Westfield, Mass., but re- 
moved to Sheffield, Mass., where his children were born. Azariah was 
the eldest son and second child in a family of six — two daughters and 
four sons. His grandfather, Joseph Egleston, married Mrs. Abagail 
(Weller) Ashley, and hence the constant and intimate association of the 
three families, both before, during, and after the Revolutionary War. 
General Hyde's family became afterwards also related by intermarriage ; 
so that the Eglestons, Patersons, Ashleys, and Hydes were always inti- 
mately associated during those times. 

Seth Egleston was born at a time when people were obliged to be 
constantly on their guard to defend their properties and lives from incur- 
sions of Indians and ravages of wild beasts, and when a martial spirit 
was everywhere cultivated. His grandmother Ashley was of a military 
family, and while there was no special call for any military spirit while he 
was very young, it was latent and ready to spring into activity as soon as 
there was any occasion for it. 

As the events of the Boston Tea Party showed, the provinces would 
not quietly submit to curtailments of their liberties. There was no 

1 Copies from legal documents. 

- Windsor land records. Record of death. 

3 Record of the will. 

4 Family names still used in England. 
6 Ancient family now extinct. 

*For the genealogy of the Egleston family see Appendix C. 



1892.] Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. iqi 

part of the country where the usurpations of the British crown and the 
injustice of Parliament were resented and resisted more emphatically than 
in Berkshire County. 

As soon as Azariah Egleston reached maturity he was most energetic 
in resisting the unjust demands of the officers of the King of Great Britain 
upon the liberties of the people of New England, and was one of the most 
active in procuring signatures to "the Solemn League and Covenant" 
which was adopted by the Berkshire Convention, and which on the 6th 
of July, 1774, was so generally signed throughout the province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay and elsewhere. 

To understand clearly the determined resistance to the aggressions of 
the officers of the British crown, and how it was that men, women, and chil- 
dren were equally determined to resist them ; and why it was that entire 
families, as in the case of the brothers of young Egleston, enlisted in an 
army to fight for the liberties which had been granted to them by charter, 
and which were little by little taken from them ; it is necessary to go back 
to the early history of the settlement of the western part of Massachusetts, 
which was ready to fight for its rights the first time that it understood 
them to be in danger, and more particularly to study the settlements of 
the town of Sheffield, in which he was born, and of the town of Lenox, 
in which he lived after the Revolution was over. 

That part of the town of Sheffield which lies west of the Housatonic 
River was granted by the Governor of New York, March 6, 1705, to a 
company of people from that State, on condition that they should pay 
certain rents and make settlements and improvements within six years. 
On June 30, 1722, another tract to the south, which includes the princi- 
pal part of the town of Sheffield, was granted on the petition of 116 
persons. A committee of five was appointed to admit settlers, and to 
charge them 30 shillings for each 100 acres, the money to be expended 
in paying the Indians, and to be used for other expenses. 

The first meeting to encourage settlements in the western part of the 
province of Massachusetts Bav was held in Springfield, on March 19, 
1723. On April 25, 1724, Konkapot and other Indians, in considera- 
tion of £460, three barrels of cider, and thirty quarts of rum, conveyed 
to the company the tracts including the present towns of Sheffield, Great 
Barrington, Mount Washington, Egremont, and parts of Alford, Stock- 
bridge, West Stockbridge, and Lee, excepting a reservation in the north- 
west corner of Sheffield, which was afterwards purchased in February, 1736. 
On March 9, 1726, a party was sent from Springfield to survey and lay 
out lots, and they reported their proceedings on the Sth of the following 
April. In 1725 the first settlement was made. In 1726 the lands were 
occupied. On the 22d of June, 1733, a committee was appointed by 
the General Court to confirm and advance the settlement of the lower 
Housatonic Township (Sheffield). This committee visited Sheffield in 
October, 1733, and again in 1734, making a full record. Between 1726 
and 1734 many of the original proprietors had sold their rights, but most 
of those lands whose titles were confirmed in 1733 and 1734 were already 
settled. They held their first town meeting May 12, 1733, and the 
town was first incorporated as a town, under the name of Sheffield, on the 
22d of June, 1733. The first meeting-house was built in 1735. 

In 1745 Stockbridge was settled, and in 1750 had a dozen families. 
In 1760 Samuel Brown was made the agent of a company to purchase of 



102 Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [Julv, 

two Indian sachems all their rights in the territory known as Mount 
Ephraim and Yokuntown. Mount Ephraim contained 9,000 and 
Yokuntown 14,000 acres. This tract of land included ten townships. 
It was north of Stockbridge, between the State of New York and the 
Housatonic River, and south of Hancock and Pittsfield. The stipulated 
price was £1,790 ; but as the province held a better title than the Indians 
could give, which was at the most a very doubtful one, matters were 
carried to the General Court, and in February, 1762, the land was adver- 
tised for sale by the Provincial Government, and was sold at auction with 
other townships on June 2, 1762. As it was sold the eighth in order, in 
the sale it was described as Township No. 8. It included Richmond and 
Lenox, was sold for £2,550, and the Indians, who do not appear to have 
been satisfied, were given another £1,000. On February 17, 1763, still 
further demands being made, the amount was increased to £1,700. It 
was afterwards found that the Indian chiefs had previously sold the land, 
and this sale was therefore annulled, and the prior sale confirmed by the 
payment of £650, on condition that within five years there should be fifty 
settlers, each of whom should have a house 24 x 18 and 7 feet high, and 
have seven acres of well cleared and fenced land, and should employ a 
Protestant minister of the gospel. This settlement was called Yokun 
Town, after Yokun, one of the friendly chiefs. The first town meeting 
was held April 17, 1764, and £25 was voted at that meeting "to hire 
preaching." On May 25 of that year it was voted to build two meet- 
ing-houses, 35 x 45, as the plantation, as it was called, was divided by a 
mountain range. On June 21, 1765, on petition to the General Court, 
a town was incorporated under the name of Richmont. It was intended 
that the name should have been Richmond, the town having been called 
after the Duke of Richmond, and this error in spelling was not corrected 
until 1785, by an Act of the General Court. 

The first house in what is now the town of Lenox was built by 
Jonathan Hinsdale of Hartford, Conn., in the year 1750, at the foot of 
the Court House Hill. A small settlement followed rapidly, but no large 
number were attracted to the locality, for as late as 1782 a bounty of 80 
shillings, half of which was paid by the town and half by the province of 
Massachusetts Bay, was given for every wolf killed, so destructive were 
they to the sheep and so dangerous to small children. Up to 1774 deer 
reeves were regularly elected to prevent the killing of moose and deer 
between December 21 and August n. The whole country was occu- 
pied by the Stockbridge Indians, who, however, did not have any villages 
or settlements north of what is now Stockbridge. There appears to have 
been but one Indian raid, which was in 1754, in which a number of set- 
tlers were killed, but in which the Stockbridge Indians took no part. 

Berkshire County was set off from Hampshire in 1761. Most of the 
counties and towns of Massachusetts received their names while it was a 
royal province. The legislature passed the acts erecting the counties and 
incorporating the towns, but when submitting them to the governor for 
his approval left the names blank. It was his prerogative to select and 
insert them. Sometimes he yielded to the wishes of the people, and 
sometimes was guided by his own feelings or wish to propitiate some one 
in the mother country. Francis Bernard, who was governor in 1761, 
was influenced in giving the name of Berkshire by the love which he felt 
to the county in England in which he was born. The names of most of 



1892.] Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. jo" 1 

the towns in it were for the same reason taken from those of distinguished 
Englishmen. 

On February 26, 1767, Governor Francis Bernard signed a bill incor- 
porating the easterly part of the town of Richmont into a district by the 
name of Lenox. The town was named after the family of the Duke of 
Richmond, who spelled their name with two n's. By an error which has 
not been rectified to this day, the name in the act of incorporation was 
spelled with one n. The name was anciently spelled Levanax. Levan 
is one of the principal streams of Dumbartonshire in Scotland, and in 
Scottish means an opening between woods. The termination " ax " is a 
Scottish termination for waters, so that the probable meaning of the word 
is very appropriate to the town, surrounded as it is on all sides with 
lakes. 

The Duke appears to have been a very popular man, and to have 
been one of the very few in the House of Lords who advocated justice 
to the colonies. His name was Charles Lennox. Wishing to propitiate 
the Duke as well as the people, Richmond was named after his title and 
Lenox after, his family. By the new law, districts were not entitled to 
representation, and the incorporation was as a district, made under the 
condition that it should not be entitled to send representatives to the 
General Court. 

Governor Bernard consented in this way to make Lenox a town, but it 
had no representation. A clause was inserted in the charter, however, 
giving the right to elect a representative from Richmont and Lenox on 
alternate years. For neglecting to comply with this privilege in November, 
1770, the towns were punished by a fine of £5 sterling, of which £1 55. 
4</. was assessed upon Lenox, and the rest upon Richmont. This was 
followed in 1771 by a fine of ^8 for the same offence. They afterwards 
fought for this right, which at first they did not value. In common with 
the other towns of the State, Lenox became a town by the general act 
passed on March 23, 1786. 

The joint organization between Lenox and Richmont continued until 
1774. Mr. John Paterson, Esquire, afterwards major-general, was the 
last clerk of the Propriety. He was sworn into office, but made no entry 
in the book. The first town meeting was held March 11. 1767. On 
December 16, 1774, the first signs of dissatislaction began to appear on 
the town records, when it was voted " that we will fall in with the advice 
of the Continental Congress." On December 26 they voted £3 65. to 
Col. John Paterson to pay his expenses to the Continental Congress. 

As early as 1760 dissatisfaction with the mother country arose on 
account of duties imposed on sugar and molasses. Men-of-war stationed 
on the coast were made collectors of customs. Authority was given them 
to break into stores and dwellings in search of articles suspected to have 
paid no duty. This had every appearance of a hostile demonstration 
against the colonies, and was so regarded by the colonists. The mer- 
chants opposed it on constitutional grounds. The question was argued 
in court by James Otis, who defended the rights of Americans with such 
eloquence that his hearers went away ready to take up arms against the 
execution of any such writs. " This," says John Adams, who was pres- 
ent, "was the first scene of opposition to the arbitrary claims of Great 
Britain. There and then American independence was bom." In de- 
fence of the duty it was stated that the revenue so raised was to be used 



IOd Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 

in defence of the colonies. The colonists did not need any interpreter to 
make them understand that this meant that a standing army was to be 
quartered on them. They were already excited, and were commencing to 
think that they would have to defend their rights, when in 1762 Governor 
Bernard gave the opinion that Parliament had full power to alter the colo- 
nial governments and change their boundaries, which further increased 
the dissatisfaction. In 1764 Lord Grenville gave notice to the American 
agents in London, that at the next session of Parliament he should pro- 
pose to increase the revenue by imposing a stamp varying from three 
pence to ,£10 to make documents legal. In March, 1765, the Stamp Act 
was passed, and on the same night Dr. Franklin wrote home : "The sun 
of liberty is set ; you must light up the candles of industry and economy." 
The Act was received with every possible sign of opposition ; bells were 
tolled, flags were put at half mast, meetings were held in every colony, reso- 
lutions condemning the unlawful assumption of power were passed, and 
Patrick Henry introduced into the General Assembly of Virginia a reso- 
lution that that body alone " had the exclusive right to lay taxes and im- 
positions upon the inhabitants, and that whoever maintained the contrary 
was an enemy to the colony." The Stamp Act was repealed on March 18, 
1766, but it was too late. The resolution of Patrick Henry was the signal 
for a general outcry throughout the whole of the colonies, and whoever sup- 
ported it was applauded as the protectors of American liberty. The gov- 
ernors of the colonies not appreciating the situation, taxes were imposed on 
various articles. The colonies were required to support the soldiers sent out. 
New York refused, and the governor and assembly were suspended until 
they should comply. Massachusetts petitioned the king, and called on 
the other colonial legislatures to join that Province in suitable efforts to 
obtain redress. In the next session Governor Sir Francis Bernard called 
on the Province to rescind the resolution, and they refused, and were dis- 
solved on account of their insubordination. The governors of the other 
colonies required of their legislatures a promise that they would not reply 
to the Massachusetts resolutions, and they refused, and were also dissolved 
in consequence. Orders were then given to send two regiments from Hali- 
fax. The General Court had adjourned. The governor would not call 
another. A convention from the various towns met in Boston on Sep- 
tember 22. 1766, to devise measures for the public safety, and while they 
were in session the regiments arrived in Boston, which only added fuel to 
the flame. A town meeting resolved that the king had no right to send the 
troops there without the consent of the Assembly ; that Great Britain had 
broken her original compact ; and that therefore the king's officers had no 
longer any business there. The selectmen refused to find quarters for the 
soldiers in the town, and the council refused to find barracks for them. 
The governor placed the troops who had tents on the Common, and quar- 
tered the others in the State House and Faneuil Hall, which made the feel- 
ing still more bitter. By the authority of the charter granted by William and 
Mary in 1692, every town "consisting of the number of 43 freeholders" 
had the right to choose and send each year one freeholder as a representa- 
tive to the General Court, and the General Court selected from its own 
members " twenty-eight councillors " to serve as an upper house. As 
the towns, one after the other, were set off and incorporated, the number 
of representatives increased very rapidly but the number of " council- 
lors " remained permanent, and the upper house became very dispropor- 



1892.] Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. \qz 

tionate to the lower one. In 1761 bills wen.: placed before Governor 
Bernard on the same day for setting off Berkshire County from Hamp- 
shire, to which it then belonged, and for incorporating Pontoosuck into 
the town of Pittsrield, and for erecting four other plantations into towns. 
The governor signed the bill relating to Pittsrield on condition that it 
should not send a representative to the General Court until 1764. The 
other bills he returned unsigned. This caused the greatest possib e dis- 
satisfaction and "produced some popular harangues." The matter was 
referred to the Home Government, who replied that in future when towns 
were divided, the parts set off should have the benefits of the act of incor- 
poration of 1692, but should have no right to choose representatives. 
This meant taxation without representation. It was undoubtedly this 
decision which caused the dissatisfaction in the minds of the people to 
culminate, and made them determine on resistance, and also induced 
them to think of a possible separation from the Home Government, and 
of independence. But they only thought of it. No more loyal subjects 
of the King of Great Britain could be found than the colonists in the 
American provinces, but the seed of dissatisfaction having been sown grew 
very rapidly. 

On January 12, 1773. a committee of the town ' of Sheffield was 
appointed "to take into consideration the grievances which theAmericans 
in general, and the inhabitants of this province in particular, labor under." 
This committee reported as follows : 

" The Committee of this Town, Appointed to take into consideration the Grievances 
which Americans in general and the Inhabitants of this Province in particular labor 
under, and to make a Draught of such proceedings as they think are necessary for 
this Town in these critical circumstances to enter into, Report as follows, viz., that, 

" This Town taking into their serious consideration and deeply lamenting the 
unhappy situation to which Americans in general and his Majesty's most faithful 
subjects, the Inhabitants of this Province, in particular are reduced, owing to the 
jealous Eye with which America has been viewed by several british Administrations, 
since the Accession of his present most Greacious Magesty to the throne and viewing 
with the deepest Sorrow the Design of Great Britain (which is but too apparent to 
every Virtuous Lover of his Country) gradually to deprive us of invaluable Rights and 
privileges, which were transmitted to us by our worthy and independent Ancestors 
at the most laborious and dangerous Expence Should esteem ourselves greatly want- 
ing in the Duty we owe ourselves our Country and Posterity, Called upon as we are 
by our Bretheren, the respectable Town of Boston, should we neglect with the utmost 
Firmness and freedom to express the Sense we have of our present Dangerous Situa- 
tion, always professing, as with Truth we do, the most emicable Regard and Attach- 
ment to our most gracious Soverign and protestant Succession as by Law estab- 
lished, we have with that Deference and Respect due to the Country on which we 
are and always hope to be dependent, entered into the following Resolves, viz. : 

" Resolved that Mankind in a State of Nature are equal, free and independent of 
each other, and have a right to the undisturbed Enjoyment of their lives, their Liberty 
and Property. 

" Resolved that the great end of political Society is to secure in a more effectual 
manner those rights and priviledges wherewith God and Nature made us free. 

" Resolved that it hath a tendency to subvert the good end fot which Society was 
instituted, to have in any part of the legislative body an Interest separate from and 
independent of the Interest of the people in general 

" Resolved that affixing a stipend to the Office of ihe Governor of the province to be 
paid by money taken from the people without their concent creates in him an interest 
Seperate from and independent of the people in general. 

"Resolved that the peaceful Enjoyment of any preveliges to the people of this 
provence in a great measure (under God) depends upon ihe uprightness ol and inde- 



106 Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 

pendency of the Executive Officers in general, and of the Judges of the Superior 
Court in pellicular. 

"'Resolved that if Salleries are affixed to the office of the Judges of the Superior 
Court rendering them independent of the people and dependent on the Crown for 
their support (which we have too much Reson to think is the Case) it is a pre- 
cedent that may hereafter, conceding the Depravety of human Nature, be improved 
to purposes big with the most Obvious and fatal consequences to the people of this 
province, 

" Resolved that Ameiicans in general (and his Magestes Subjects the Inhabitants 
of this Provence in Perticuler, by there Charter) are intitled to all the Liberties, Priv- 
iledges and Immunities of Natural born british Subjects. 

" Resolved that it is a well known and undoubted priviledge of the british Constitu- 
tion that every Subject hath not only a Right to the free and uncontrolled injoyment 
use and Improvement of his estate or property so long as he shall continue in the 
possession of it, but that he shall not in any manner be deprived thereof in the whool 
or in part until] his conscent given by himself or his Representative, hath been pre- 
viously for that purpose expressly obtained. 

'Resolved that the late acts of the parlement of Great Breton expres porpos 
of Rating and regulating the colecting of a Revenew of the Colonies ; are uncon- 
stitutional as thereby the Just earning of our labours and Industry without Any 
Regard to our own consent are by mere power ravished from us and unlimited power 
by said acts and commissions put into the hands of Ministeral hirelings are the 1 lepri- 
vation of our inestimable and constitutional priviledge, a trial by Jury, the determana- 
tion of our property by a single Judge paid by one party by Money illegally taken 
from the other for that purpos, and the insulting Diference made between british and 
American Subjects are matters truly greavious and clearly evince a Disposition to 
Rule with the Iron Rod of Power. 

"Resolved that the interduction of civil Officers unknown in the Charter of this 
Province with powers which Render Property, Domestic Security and the Enjoyment 
of the Inhabitance altogether Insecure are a very great greavence. 

" Resolved — that it is the Right of every subject of Great Breton to be tried by his 
peers of the vicinity, when charged with any crime, that any act of the parliment of 
Great Breton for Destroying 1 lie priviledge and tearing away subjects from there Con- 
nections, Friends, Buisness and the possibility of evincing there innocence, and earr- 
ing them on bare suspicion to the Distance of Thousands of Miles for a trial is an troble 
Grevance. 

"Resolved — that the Great and General Court of this Province have it in their power 
in consequence of Instructions from the Ministry only, too exempt any Man or Body 
of Men residing within and Receiving Protection from the Laws of this Province from 
contrebuting there equal Proportion towards the Support of Government within the 
same nor can any such instructions or orders from the Ministry of Great Breton 
Justify Such Proceedings [for] should this be the Case it will follow of consequence 
that the whole Province Tax may be laid on one or more persons as shall Best suit 
with the Caprice of the Ministry. 

"Resolved — that any I letermination or adjudication of the King in Counsel with Re- 
gard to the Limits of Provinces in America, where by Privite Property is or may [be] 
aflected, is a great Grevence already very severely felt by Great Numbers, who after 
purchasing Lands of the Only Persons whome they would sopose had any Right to Con- 
vey have on a sudding, by such an adjudication been deprived of there whole Property 
and from a state of affiuance reduced to a state of Beggary. 

"Resolved — That the great and general Court of this Province can constitutionaly 
make any Laws or Regulations Obligatory upon the inhabbitance there of residing 
with in the Same. 

"Voted — that the Town Clark duly Record the Prosedings of This Meeting and 
Make a true and attested Copy There of as soon as may be and forward the same to 
David Ingersole, Junr Esq, The Representative of This Town, at the great and 
general Court at Boston who is hereby Requested to consider the above Resolves as 
the Sence of his Constitu acts [sic] the Town of Sheffield and to the centituonal 
Menes [sic] in his Power that that the Greaviances complained of may be redressed, 
and where as the Province of New York, by the most unjustifiable Prosedings have by 
a late act of there general Assembly extended the Limits of the County of Albany 
East as far as Connecticut River and under pertence of having by that act the legual 
Jurisdiction within that part of this province, by Said Act included within The County 



1892-] Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. 107 

of Albany have exercised Actual jurisdiction and the officers of the County of Albany 
without the least pretence of any Presept from the Orthority On this side the Line, by 
Color of a warrant, executed in that County upon suspison that a man had been guilty 
of a crime in this County, taken him and carried him to Albany for examination in 
Inditement crimes have been tryed, to have been cometted at Sheffield in the County 
of Albany, Mr. Engersell is here by requested to use his Utmost Influance that the 
Alarming consequences from such proceedings dreaded, may be prevented & That the 
Fears of the people may be quieted by a speedy Determanation of that unhappy con- 
troversy And where as it hath been reported that the support given by the great and 
general Court to the Judges of the Superior Court hath been inaddaquate to the service 
performed, Mr. Engersoll is here by requested that (if this Report shall appear to be 
founded in truth) he use his influence Saleries may be augmented, to such a sum as 
shall be sufficient to support the Dignity of the office." 

These resolutions, after being read twice in town meeting, were passed 
unanimously. 

This stated the whole case, but it produced no effect, and no redress 
was obtained. The governors were the representatives of the king. 
Repression and oppression were in their view a royal prerogative. They 
were far from the throne, and they exercised as far as they dared the royal 
prerogative in their own way. "Who were these rebellious subjects that 
they should listen to them ? " And so the loyal subjects who carried their 
comp'aints to the representatives of the throne, in the hope that they 
would reach it, when they obtained no redress began to ask themselves 
whether they could ever reach "his gracious Majesty," and what was the 
use of waiting when they had the power to be free ? 

Thus the Revolution really commenced by asserting thorough loyalty 
to the king, but the people refused to obey the unconstitutional acts of 
the Parliament. Later, when they found that the king was deaf to their 
remonstrances, they considered that by violating his coronation oath he 
had relieved his subjects in America from any obligations that they had 
taken. But the oath to the king not only required that they should 
defend his Majesty to the utmost of their power, but would endeavor to 
disclose all conspiracies against him, and that they would use ''no 
equivocations or evations or secret reservations whatsoever" in the oath 
which they took. This made every man an informer, which he was 
always ready to be when he had believed that justice was a necessary 
attribute of the king. When the five retaliatory measures passed on 
account of the Boston Tea Party were published, the oath became intol- 
erable to him, and he repudiated it. 

The passage of the Boston Port Bill, and the four Acts passed with it 
had in fact abrogated the charter of the provinces, and took away from 
the colonists, previously proud of their being British citizens, the last of 
their remaining rights. Councillors and the higher judges were to be 
appointed by the king and to hold office during his pleasure. All other 
officers, judicial, executive, and military, were to be appointed by the 
governor, and were removable by him without the consent of the coun- 
cil, who had power only over sheriffs. Town meetings «ere only to be 
held for the election of municipal officers. Their onlv function was to cast 
the ballots. No discussion was allowed. Special meetings could only 
be held by the consent of the governor, who prepared all the business 
which could be transacted. Jurors could only be appointed by the 
king's sheriffs. The people had no rights. The king's will, or what 
was infinitely worse, the will of many of his officials was the only law. 



IoS Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 

The house of Representatives was reduced to nothing, for the governor 
could prorogue or dissolve it, and always had an unqualified veto. He 
and the judges were independent of the Provincial government, for they 
received their salaries from the crown. There was no trace of liberty left. 
They were to live, if they did not resist, under a despotism as absolute as 
any in Europe. If they had accepted the conditions for ever so short a 
time, it would be infinitely more difficult to break away from them after- 
ward, for the power would then have been organized, ant! so they did not 
take any half measures. They then and there repudiated the whole scheme. 
They passed the Solemn League and Covenant in most of the counties and 
towns of the provinces. It was received everywhere with acclamation as 
the only measure then possible. On the 14th of July, 1774, it was signed 
by 1 10 citizens of Lenox. This League and Covenant contained the prin- 
ciples of the American Revolution, and was drawn up by some of the 
most prominent men of the county, and its public adoption made it like 
household words to the men and women of that time. Copies of the 
oath, " renouncing and abjuring all allegiance, subjection, and obedience 
to the King or Government of Great Britain," are in the possession of the 
writer. They were signed by government officers as late as 1820. In 
those days men were not only patriotic, but showed their patriotism ; and, 
like Charles Carroll of Carrollton, they not only announced their princi- 
ples, but put their signatures to them, adding the names of the towns in 
which they lived, so that there could be no possible mistake as to who 
they were. 

Every chi ! d in the whole province of Massachusetts B.iy was familiar 
with the grievances of the colonies. They were talked over in and out of 
school hours ; they were the subjects of their play battles ; and many were 
the blows which the party representing the aggressors, whether they 
personated governors or soldiers in their plays, got from their opponents, 
who in their turn had to take their share of buffeting for the play wrongs 
which they had inflicted. They heard of them whenever men stopped to 
talk in the streets or met in public gatherings. They were discussed by 
their parents by the fireside in the evening. They took in the spirit of 
opposition to the aggressions of the British Crown as they drew their 
breath. It grew with the growth of their bodies until they were impreg- 
nated not only with the desire to he free, but with the determination to 
defend that freedom at any cost. The principles of free government were 
in the air they breathed, and it was no wonder that when they saw this 
freedom slowly slipping from their grasp, encroached on by every act of 
legislation of the British parliament in England, and by every act of the 
royal governors, that whole towns and families rose as one man to resist. 
Yet these people were loyal and true subjects. They "feared God and 
honored the king ; " but because they feared God they resisted the king 
and his officers when they were convinced that the retention of their man- 
hood required them to do so. It was under such inspirations and such 
principles that Seth Egleston had educated his family. His own father, 
with General Ashley, had enlisted in 1757 from Sheffield, which was then 
the most populous town in the district, in the French wars, and he and the 
children of his family were familiar with the recitals of the campaigning 
of those days. He was a soldier himself, having enlisted in defence of 
the colonies and of his own town, when it was shown that to preserve 
their freedom organization was necessary, so that when force must be used 



1 89 2.] Major Azariah Egleslon of the Revolutionary Army. joq 

it could be used effectively. There was no doubting what the citizens 
meant. In 1774 they were still lo\al, but proposed to defend themselves. 
In 1775 they had learned that they must act both on the offensive and 
defensive, and on the 1 8th of June, 1776, the citizens of Sheffield in town 
meeting "pledged their lives and fortunes to secure their independence," 
and on or about July 4, 1776, they erected a liberty tree, which was cut 
down on the following night. The man who ordered it cut down was 
obliged to pass between two files of all the men and boys of the town and 
humbly ask the pardon of every one ; and the man who actually cut it 
down was tarred and feathered, and mounted on a raw-boned horse, and 
made to visit every house of the town and ask the pardon of the occu- 
pants. The man who ordered the tree cut down afterwards became an 
enthusiastic patriot. 

On another occasion, in the town of Lenox, a man who was an obnox- 
ious Tory was told that he must give up his allegiance to King George or 
hang. As he refused, he was hung until nearly dead ; being then let 
down and told to hunah for the Continental Congress, which he refused 
to do, he was again suspended. He was let down when they were afraid 
that life was already extinct, and when restored again told that he must 
hurrah for the Continental Congress or once more hang until he was dead, 
when he did " Hurrah ! " and after he had been refreshed with a glass of 
toddy said : "Gentlemen, this is one way to make Whigs, but it is a 
very effectual one." There was no Ireedom ol conviction on such sub- 
jects in those days. 

On June 30, 1777, the first town meeting in the town of Sheffield was 
called "in the n.rae of the Government and people of Massachusetts 
Bay," and from this time on the records of the town meetings are full of 
patriotic resolutions. 

During all this time the colonial matrons and the mothers of the 
Revolution were not idle. They, too, were busy ; but it was not in public 
meetings. There were some Molly Pitchers among them, and many who 
would have acted as she did had there been an occasion for it. They 
saw clearly enough that the demands of the royal governor, if acceded 
to, would degrade their sons and daughters, and no sacrifice was too great 
for them to make in resisting them. The mother gave her son his arms 
and sent him to camp with her blessing, her prayers, and her tears. The 
wife who loved her husband did the same, and assured him that the best 
proof of his love to her was resistance to encroachments on their liberties. 
The sister was proud to see her brother take up arms for a great principle 
and encouraged him to it. They rejected any thought of yielding, and 
discarded the royal authority as completely as they had the British mer- 
chandise or the tax-cursed tea. In the absence of their fathers, husbands, 
sons, and brothers, fighting a professional soldiery, the women planted the 
fields and reaped the harvests and looked after the home. They brought 
up the children in the same principles, so that the boys were proud to 
believe that they might be called on to fight, and the girls to think that 
even if they must stay at home they could serve the cause of liberty well, 
and they were proud to do it. The men at least had the stimulus of 
excitement at times. The women did their work, trembling lest in the 
record of the last battle should be the name of some loved one in the list 
of the killed, wounded, or missing, or in the hospital list. It required 
courage, patience, and heroism to do their work, and they did it only as 



1IO Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 

heroines could, and to-day we are proud when we can find the names of 
any ol the Revolutionary matrons on our family tree. 

When John Paterson came hack from the first Provincial Congress 
and informed the people of Berkshire County that they must be prepared 
to fight, and called for volunteers to the regiment he was raising, Azariah 
Egleston and his three younger brothers needed no urging. He was at 
Pittsfield at the time, and enlisted from there on April 29, 1775, but all 
four of them enlisted as privates in Captain Noble's company, which was 
afterwards called "The Flower of Berkshire." It was not the result of 
an impulse but of principle, and was done deliberately as the result of a 
settled conviction. This regiment was composed of representatives of the 
best families of Berkshire County. They drilled and uniformed them- 
selves as best they could, but it was not the uniform nor the military eclat 
and hope of promotion which influenced them. It was the determina- 
tion to sacrifice anything to uphold what was dearer to them than life, 
and that was liberty. Azariah Egleston enlisted about the time that the 
news of the battle of Lexington reached Pittsfield, and on the 2 2d of 
April, 1775, immediately after the news of the battles of Lexington and 
of the bridge at Concord had been received, he marched with the regi- 
ment, after only a few hours' notice, to Cambridge. He was with his 
regiment, which was the first in the field, and defended Boston from the 
attack in the rear while the battle of Bunker Hill was going on. He 
served in this regiment for eight months, and remained for six weeks 
after his term of enlistment was up. He then re-enlisted for a year in a 
company commanded by Captain David Noble. He made the disastrous 
Canada campaign, and was in the battle of the Cedars. When he came 
to Mount Independence, in the face of all the sickness and d saster, he 
enlisted for the war as a sergeant, which shows, as his subsequent life did, 
how thoroughly he was convinced of the justice of the cause for which he 
was fighting. Of his three brothers, two had been compelled by the 
ravages of disease to abandon the life of a soldier. One had been rendered 
a cripple for life by wounds received in Canada, but he still persevered and 
came down with the rest of the army from Canada to the relief of Wash- 
ington. On Christmas eve, 1776, he crossed the Delaware in the ice; 
and on Christmas day, in a storm of hail and snow, he was in the battle, 
in the advance guard commanded by Colonel Stark, in the taking of the 
Hessians at Trenton. We of to-day glory in these achievements, but the 
men of that day had to endure not only the danger of being swamped by 
the ice or being crushed by it, but the fear of the result of what might be 
only a temporary victory. They were not well fed, they were scantily 
protected against the cold. They had won their victory, which was a 
decisive one, by a surprise and skilful tactics, but the British had an 
overwhelmingly superior force, which was only temporarily scattered, and 
were mad with rage that they had been surprised. Other movements 
would have to be made, equally hazardous, before they could be sure of 
retaining what they had gained, but they re-crossed the river and waited 
in the cold for the time to come to cross it again to make those moves. 
They were kept warm by their patriotism and bold by their own deter- 
mination to resist, and that Christmas eve and day will never be forgotten 
in American history. This was the spirit which made the British com- 
mander at Ticonderoga appreciate on the instant, that when Ethan Allan 
called on him to surrender "in the name of the Great Jehovah and the 



1 89 2. J Major Azariah Eg lesion 0/ the Revolutionary Army. j T j 

Continental Congress," he meant what he said, and that he must yield at 
once, which he did ; and this was also the spirit which made men hold 
out through eight years of privation and suffering to the close of the war. 

Sergeant Egleston thus took an active part in that eventful week 
which did so much to settle the determination which the patriots felt to 
secure their independence, and made the royal governors and generals 
feel that they had something more to fight with than "an undisciplined 
and cowardly rabble." They really settled the fate of Lord Cornwallis by 
keeping him in this country to surrender afterwards his own sword, in- 
stead of going to England to assure the king that the rebellion was con- 
quered. About a week afterwards Sergeant Egleston was in the battle of 
Princeton, and assisted in capturing three regiments of British troops, who 
surrendered there, as their commander was destined to surrender only a 
few months later. Shortly after these battles his regiment was ordered to 
the northern part of the State of New York. He was stationed at Mount 
Independence, opposite Ticonderoga, where he shared in the destitution, 
privation, and cold of that bitter winter and sickly spring. In common 
with every soldier and the whole country, he shared in the stinging mortifi- 
cation and discouragement caused by the surrender of Ticonderoga, which 
might have been saved by a little energy on the part of Congress in send- 
ing the relief that was needed. But this surrender was quickly followed 
by the capture of Burgoyne, which was one of the most brilliant acts of 
our army. Soon after the battle of Germantown, which occurred Octo- 
ber 4, and previous to the capture of Burgoyne on the 17th of October, 
he was promoted to the rank of ensign, on account both of his efficiency 
and his bravery. 

The commission is issued to Azariah Egleston, gentleman, " by the 
authority of the delegates of the united colonies of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, the counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Essex of Delaware, 
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina, ensign of the 
army of the United Colonies, raised for the defence of American liberty, 
and for repelling every hostile invasion thereof." It is dated Boston, 
January 1, 1777, and is signed by John Hancock. During the memor- 
able winter of 1777-78 he was at Valley Forge, active in duty, patient in 
suffering, sharing all the privations of the soldiers, and working with his 
might to bring the army up to its greatest efficiency. During that 
winter the following oath was generally administered. The one he 
signed is given below : 

Oath of Allegiance. 

I, Azariah Egleston. Ensign, in Colonel Vose's regiment, do acknowledge the 
United States of America to be free, independent and sovereign States, and declare 
that the people thereof owe no allegiance or obedience to George III.. King of Great 
Britain, and I renounce, refuse and abjure any allegiance or obedience to him, and do 
swear I will to the utmost of my power support, maintain and defend the said United 
States against the said King George III., his heirs and successors, and their abettors, 
assistants and adherents, and will serve the said United States in the office of Ensign, 
which I now hold, with fidelity, according to the best of my skill and understanding. 

(Signed) Azariah Egleston, Ensign. 

Sworn to before me, Valley Forge, May 18, 1778. 
Baron DeKalb. 



I j 2 Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 

A part of the enlistment papers of his company, dated March 24, 
1777, are amongst his papers. 

After the promotion of Colonel Paterson to the rank of brigadier- 
general, the First Massachusetts Regiment, to which Ensign Egleston 
then belonged, was commanded by Colonel Joseph Vose. He was in 
both of the battles of Bemis' Heights, and was also at Saratoga when 
Burgoyne surrendered. Afterwards, in the same year, his regiment was 
ordered to Pennsylvania. 

He was shortly after made quartermaster under Colonel Vose, and 
served the troops for two years faithfully during that difficult period when 
the army, no longer being able to get supplies, were obliged to seize them 
and give receipts for them, which were payable in a depreciated currency. 
In 1778 he was in the battle of Monmouth, N. J., and afterwards marched 
to Rhode Island. He was in the siege of Newport when misunderstand- 
ings, storms of wind and rain, and the uncertain action of the French 
commander rendered what might have been a brilliant and successful 
siege only a safe retreat on the early morning of August 30, in the nick 
of time to save defeat. They had their winter quarters at Providence in 
1778 and 1779. In the spring of 1779 he marched from Providenae to 
the North River, about the time Fairfield was burned and Stony Point 
was taken, and was in all the skirmishes during the retreat from Rhode 
Island. He served in the State of New York for the rest of the campaign, 
and wintered at a place called Budd's Huts, on the east side of the Hud- 
son River, opposite West Point. On August 13, 1780, he was commis- 
sioned as lieutenant in the Massachusetts line. He still served as quarter- 
master, and was stationed under Colonel Vose at West Point. He was 
made paymaster in the year 1 78 1 , and was reappointed in the years 1782 
and 1783, and acted in that capacity until the close of the war. 

He went to Philadelphia when Congress was surrounded by the 
Pennsylvania troops. He continued in the service of the Government 
until the end of the war and was twice wounded, and went to the city of 
New York in December, 1783, after the British had evacuated it, and 
from there to West Foint, where he completed the settlement of the ac- 
counts of the First Massachusetts regiment, of which he was then pay- 
master, and on March 4, 1784, he left West Point and returned to the 
town of Lenox. 

We little realize now how much it cost those early patriots to continue 
the war to the end, for not only was the safety of their homes in jeopardy, 
but their currency had depreciated in value until in 1780 it required 
£40 sterling in Continental currency to buy a pair of shoes. The 
town of Lenox was in debt £1.245, •£480 was assessed to pay for horses 
purchased by the town for Continental purposes, and £6, 100 was voted to 
pay for the town's proportion of beef for the Continental army. The 
people as a whole were bankrupts. There was no bankrupt law and no 
relief to the man who was honestly unable to pay. Imprisonment for 
debt was the law, and became the fashion. Many a soldier who had 
fought during the whole war for his civil liberties languished in prison on 
account of an action brought against him to enforce the payment of a 
small debt that it was no fault of his that he was unable to pay. The 
sheriff did his duty without remorse, and there was no escaping his writ. 
Men yielded to this despotism, which was in their own power to repress, 
without stopping to think how much more grievous this assault on their 




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i8g2.] Major Azariah 'Egleslon of Ihe Revolutionary Army. \\-i 

liberties was than any aggression of the king or his royal governors. The 
machinery of the law had stopped during the Revolution, and the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, with the selectmen and military officers of the 
town, were empowered to decide disputes between man and man "until 
some legal authority is established." But the citizens "feared God," if 
they no longer " honored the king ;" and deeds of violence were unknown, 
civil rights were secured, and the ordinary duties of life were faithfully 
performed. After the war, to their great honor, all town debts were 
honestly paid, the surviving soldiers returned to their homes and farms in 
contentment, and the town powder house was taken down and rebuilt 
into a public vault in the village cemetery. 

Nothing could shake the loyalty of the men who made the opinion of 
the town of Lenox. Although other towns in Berkshire joined the insur- 
gents in Shay's rebellion, Lenox supported the authority of the law. A 
county convention was held in Lenox during the last week in August, 
1786. This assembly was composed of members of all the towns, and 
resolutions were passed solemnly pledging themselves "to use their 
influence to support the courts of justice and to endeavor to quiet the 
agitated spirits of the people ; " and to the crushing of this (Shay's) 
rebellion Lenox lent not only its influence but its men, General Pater- 
son having been sent at the head of the troops to put the rebellion 
down. 

His constant association with General Paterson during the war made 
Major Egleston an intimate member of his family, as well as of his 
staff. He was not long in gaining the affections of his daughter Hannah, 
to whom he was married on August 11, 1785. In 1783 General Pater- 
son had built a house in Lenox. When he left Lenox he gave it to his 
daughter. The mansion is still in the possession of her grandson, 
Thomas Egleston of New York. 

Mrs. Egleston was a person of pleasing presence and attractive man- 
ners, highly accomplished, and in every way fitted to preside over her 
household. Their family consisted of two sons and four daughters, who 
were some of the most beautiful and accomplished women of western 
Massachusetts. Her sons were George Washington Egleston, late of 
Charleston, S. C, and Thomas Jefferson* Egleston, late of New York 
City. Mrs. Egleston died very suddenly in Lenox, on January 31, 1803. 
Her funeral sermon was preached by Dr. Shepard and printed by uni- 
versal request. A copy is in my possession. 

On January 1, 1786, Major Egleston was made aide-de-camp to 
Major-General Paterson, with the rank of major. The commission is 
dated June 5, 1787, and is signed by John Hancock. He was then com- 
missioned deputy-quartermaster-general in the Massachusetts militia, 
under Major-General John Paterson, during Shay's rebellion. The com- 
mission is in my possession. It was issued on May 29, 1787, and is 
signed by Governor John Hancock. He was again appointed by Han- 
cock, when General Paterson resigned in order to leave the State, with 
the same rank, and again on March 7, 1789, by Governor Avery, and 
served on the staff of Major-General John Ashley. 

He was a friend of both Generals Lafayette and Kosciusko, and was 
constantly associated with Washington. He was with him during the 
terrible winter at Valley Forge. A fac-simile copy of an invitation to 

* After he was twenty-five Mr. Egleston dropped the name of Jefferson. 



114 Major Azariah Egleslon of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 

dinner, in General Washington's handwriting, dated February 29, 1780, 
is annexed. He was one of the founders of the Society of the Cincinnati, 
his signature being the twenty-second on the articles of association, 
General Washington's being the first. He was an active member and 
one of the founders of the Massachusetts Society, his signature being the 
seventh on the list. 

After the war, when the citizens had returned to their homes, the 
question of what should be the county seat of Berkshire County began to 
be discussed, and was a matter of great interest. In 1785 the question 
began to be agitated as a serious political matter. Each of the centre 
towns was desirous of being the county town, but the contest, after some 
weeks, narrowed itself to Pittsfield, Lenox, and Stockbridge. General 
Paterson and Major Egleston were amongst the strongest advocates for 
Lenox, and they not only presented its claims, but they circulated a sub- 
scription paper for the erection of the county buildings, and were very 
enthusiastic in promoting the claims of Lenox. This list was headed by 
General Paterson with the largest sum that was subscribed.* The amount 
required for these buildings was raised by subscription by the time that 
the legislature was ready to discuss the question. The matter was 
brought before the people, to be determined by popular vote, which 
resulted in the choice of Stockbridge ; but the legislature did not agree 
with this vote, and decided in 1787 upon Lenox being made the county 
town. The Court of General Sessions appointed Major Eglestorl of 
Lenox, Theodore Sedgwick and John Bacon of Stockbridge, to determine 
where the buildings should be located, and after some time they decided 
that they should be on the old Stockbridge road, half a mile from the vil- 
lage. The buildings were commenced in the year 17S8 and finished in 
1790. They were burned down in 181 2, when the legislature was mem- 
orialized to change the county seat to Pittsfield. The contest now was be- 
tween the northern tier of towns, which wanted Pittsfield, and the southern 
tier, which desired to have Lenox retained. When put to vote by towns, 
the contest was decided in favor of Lenox ; but it was not settled, for the 
people of Pittsfield kept this in constant agitation, and after eighty-one 
years were successful in the year i860 in having the county buildings 
removed there. The court house, which is now the town hall, was com- 
pleted in 1791-92. A new court house was built in 1815, which is now 
known as Sedgwick Hall. 

At- the time the Declaration of Independence was signed, the thirteen 
colonies, which formed all there was of the then United States, occu- 
pied a region about 900 miles long and 100 miles wide, with less than 
2,000,000 people. What these men by their devotion made possible 
is a country 2,500 miles wide from north to south, reaching from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific, with over 60,000,000 people, in every part of 
which life, liberty, and property are perfectly secure, while good men and 
honest citizens are sure of having their reputations protected during their 
lives and their memories cherished after their deaths. This is the growth 
which the sacrifices made during those days have developed, and which 
the most heroic of those Revolutionary soldiers would have scarcely 
dared to hope could have been realized to the extent that it has been. 
The American flag is the only American thing that can bear stripes. It 
grew out of the determination to be free, but it took a long, bitter civil 
* See Appendix A. 



1892.] Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. 1 \ e 

war, though not so long by half as that of the Revolution, to make it float 
over a people who would not tolerate stripes anywhere on anyone. 

Those were stirring days, altogether extraordinary times, and the men 
who lived then were full of ideas that to that generation on this continent 
were not the ideas of most of those who lived in the Old World at that 
time. The idea of representation in government, and of no taxation 
without representation, was what they thoroughly believed in. They 
sent their representatives to act in the three provincial congresses with 
carefully prepared instructions, and every representative in every one of 
these congresses knew perfectly well that he would be heartily supported 
at home. 

. The men of the Revolution are all gone. The relics of the Revolu- 
tion are disappearing very rapidly ; but that the memories of those times 
were not soon forgotten is shown by the oaths signed by the people of 
Lenox as late as 1S20, abjuring all allegiance to the Government and King 
of Great Britain. That free government was the principle upon which 
this country was founded was shown by the extraordinary outbreak of 
patriotism brought out by the firing on Fort Sumter, and the heroism 
shown during the late Civil War. 

It is impossible not to admire the ability and patriotism with which 
these men of the Revolution not only anticipated, but grappled, with the 
great questions arising not only from the revolution against the home 
government, but in the organization and development of a new country. 
These memories clustered about Lenox for many years. Of the houses 
built in the town previous to 1840 there was hardly one that did not have 
its Revolutionary traditions and mementoes of the heroes connected with 
the great battles which were then fought. The spirit of the Revolution 
was still visible in almost every house in the town, and came again to the 
front when in the late Civil War, which was as much a war for liberty as 
the war of the Revolution, Lenox furnished for that war as much in pro- 
portion to her ability as for the war of the Revolution. 

For thirty-five years after the Revolution, Major Egleston was one of 
the leading citizens of Berkshire County, and was distinguished both for 
his public spirit and private hospitality. He was a man of fine presence, 
a polished gentleman, and courtly in his manners. There was no- interest 
of the State which he did not make his own, no concern in the county 
in which he did not feel interested, and no affair of the town ol Lenox to 
which he was not willing to give his time and attention. 

He lounded the schools, which he supported for many years at his 
own expense. While Lenox had not entirely neglected schools, as is 
shown by the town records, for on "ye 6th day of March, 1770," £20 
was voted "to hire schooling," yet Major Egleston was not satisfied with 
their efficiency, and he caused Amasa Gleason to come to Lenox to be 
the principal of a private school which he supported.* After this school 
had been well established, and had for a number of years gained great 
reputation in the State, he gave the ground on which the Lenox Academy 
now stands and a considerable sum towards the erection of the present 
building, which was built and the Academy incorporated in 1803. Mr. 
Amasa Gleason was put at the head of the Academy, and served faithfully 
and acceptably until 1823. He was born in Stockbridge, December 15, 
1775, graduated at Williams College in 1798, ranking among the first 
* See Appendix B. 



Il6 Major Azariah Egleston of /he Revolutionary Army. [July> 

of his class. As an instructor he was thorough and judicious, though 
eccentric. He was a fine linguist. He was a man of sterling character, 
a great disciplinarian, a thorough teacher, and a distinguished educator. 
To his training many of the sons of Berkshire owe the position which 
they afterwards attained in life. He was a very absent-minded man and 
an inveterate chewer of tobacco, which sometimes made his personal 
appearance unpleasant. He did not always have control of his temper, 
though he recognized that that was one of the things that he, as an ex- 
ample to his pupils, ought to have entire command of; and frequently, 
when, in an outburst of passion, he would commence to say some dreadful 
thing, he would stop suddenly in ihe middle of what he was saying and 
go on as if nothing had happened, but more frequently the head of the 
unfortunate boy felt the shock of something more substantial than words, 
in the shape of a blow of a ruler or of a book when his brain seemed 
unable to master his task. Mr. Gleason lived directly opposite the 
Academy. As he was very near-sighted, he would often start from his 
house with the intention of making a straight line for the academy door, 
and if he reached it in safety it was his good fortune ; otherwise he would 
walk directly into the side of the house. Owing to his near-sightedness, 
the pranks which the boys played upon him were sometimes cruel, as 
placing a goat in his pathway when they knew he could not possibly see 
it. But, notwithstanding his idiosyncrasies, he was a great educator, and 
made the Lenox Academy famous. He was very irascible, and as, con- 
trary to custom in those days, he prayed in the opening exercises of 
the school with his eyes open, he sometimes saw a good deal at those 
times among the boys which was very irritating, and, forgetting that he 
was at prayer, he would occasionally break out into a tirade against the boy 
and would suddenly say : "John, if you don't stop, I'll break your head 
with a peel " (peel being the name for the large fire-shovel) ; or some- 
times, recollecting himself, after he had commenced, would say : " John 
— I'll lay you on a bed of roses." Sometimes in the course of the school 
exercises he would throw a book at a boy's head, or strike him with it. 
He knew most of the classics that he taught by heart, but he would fre- 
quently get his book upside down, to the great amusement of his scholars ; 
and as he was an inveterate chewer of tobacco, he would sometimes forget 
that his book was in front of him. But he was a good and faithful teacher 
and an honest man, and, notwithstanding his eccentricities, preserved the 
respect and affection of those whom he taught. His absent-mindedness 
was shown at one of the famous dinners at Major Egleston's house, at a 
time when the examinations and exhibitions had been peculiarly accept- 
able. He occupied the post of honor on that day, at Major Egleston's 
right, who turned to him just after the serving of soup and said to him : 
"Mr. Gleason, you have a feather in your cap to-day." Evidently think- 
ing of something else, he put his hand to his head, and in doing so over- 
turned his soup-plate into his napkin, and then in his absent-mindedness 
wiped his face with it. I have heard many such stories told ol Mr. Glea- 
son by his scholars, who related them with peals of laughter, yet I never 
heard one word that would imply any disrespect to his memory or any- 
thing but praise for his methods of instruction. He died in Sheffield, 
Massachusetts, October 21, 1843. 

The Academy began to decay about 1S50, but up to that time was one 
of the principal educational institutions of western Massachusetts. In its 



1892. J Major Azariah Egleslon 0/ the Revolutionary Army. jj7 

days of prosperity it at times had more than a hundred pupils of both 
sexes, many of whom came from a great distance to prepare there for 
college. The " exhibitions " of the Academy were often more interesting 
than the commencement exercises at Williams College, and these, with 
the dinners at Major Egleston's house, were the great events of the vear. 
The town was filled with visitors from all parts of the country. The 
church on the hill was always decorated, and a band of music was hired 
for the occasion. Public collations were served by the ladies. The 
exercises consisted of declamations, essays, disputations, dialogues, and 
dramatic representations, which lasted during the whole day, with an 
interval at noon. 

Major Egleston was not only interested in education, but he was also 
actively engaged in perfecting the methods used by the farmers in tilling 
the soil. He was a member of the Massachusetts Agricultural Societv, 
and did all that he could to induce the farmers to improve their stock and 
increase the value of their lands. 

In the early history of the town the Congregational Church was sup- 
ported by taxes, and was the State Church. No person was allowed to 
vote in town meeting unless he paid his tax as a member of this church. 
As the number of persons of other denominations increased it was pro- 
posed to allow those who belonged to them to have their " minister's " tax 
remitted, but certificates to that effect were difficult to obtain, and in 1783 
it was voted '• that the Baptists in this town shall be excused from paying 
minister's rates without producing certificates annually." In 1793 Major 
Egleston called a meeting, the result of which was the foundation of what 
was known as the Episcopal Society, now Trinity Church. In 1794 each 
religious society was authorized to choose a suitable person to make a 
list of the persons belonging to that church, and to certify that they 
attended the instructions of the teachers of that denomination, and that 
upon such list being reported and accepted by the town meeting their 
names should be remitted from the next minister's tax. The first meet- 
ing of "the Lenox Episcopal Association" was held on December 26, 
1793, when Daniel Burhans, of Lanesborough, was ordained deacon, and 
Major Egleston was elected the first treasurer of the parish. He after- 
wards represented it for many years in the diocesan convention of the 
State. The subscription to build the church, with his name at the head 
of the list, and also the subscription for defraying the expenses of the 
theological education of its first rector, the Rev. Daniel Burhans, as well 
as the warrant for the first meeting of the parish, are among the papers 
in my possession. 

In 1796 the parish celebrated its first Christmas, and there being no 
church building the court-house and Major Egleston's house were deco- 
rated with greens, and a hundred guests from Boston, Pittsfield, Stock- 
bridge, and Lenox were invited to dine at Major Egleston's house, an 
account of which was written by the Rev. Mr. Burhans, the Episcopalian 
clergyman of that day. Many tiaditions of the dinners held at Major 
Egleston's house, and of the bright and witty sayings at them, have been 
handed down in the family. 

In 1799 Mr. Burhans went to Connecticut, and in 1805 the church 
was legally incoiporated by an act of the General Court as the Protestant 
Episcopal Society of Lenox. The first meeting as an incorporated body 
was held April 29, 1805. The warrant for this meeting was issued by 



I X S Major Azariah Egleslon of Ike Revolutionary Army. [July, 

Azariah Egleston. It is dated April 3, 1805, and authorized all the 
members in Stockbridge, Lee, Lenox, and Pittsfield to meet on that date. 

A wooden structure was erected in 18 16. The church was enlarged 
in 1S73. The old church building has recently been sold, and has been 
replaced by a handsome stone structure on another site. The corner- 
stone of the new edifice was laid in 18S5. It was consecrated in 1888. 
A mural tablet to his memory was placed on the walls of the church 
in 1887 before it was consecrated. 

Major Egleston's home was always the headquarters for army officers, 
and men of law, literature, and learning, in Berkshire County. He was 
an active, energetic, enterprising, and public-spirited man, always identi- 
fied with every public measure for the good of the town and the State. 
Many of the notable events which concerned the welfare of the town of 
Lenox in its very early history were planned and carried out either 
jointlv or entirely by him or by his father-in-law, General Paterson. 
He went into the war as a matter of principle, and when relieved from 
duty as a soldier he went into civil life, and gave much of his time to 
public duties, and was distinguished in those callings as he had been in 
the field. Among his army friends he was always known by his mili- 
tary title. Those who became acquainted with him after he left the 
army called him Squire Egleston. 

He was appointed justice of the peace May 17, 1787, which office he 
held continuously till 1815. In 1796, 1797, 1798 and 1799 he was the 
chosen representative of his district in the General Court (House of 
Representatives) in Boston. In 1807, 1S08 and 1809 he was elected 
State senator. In 1808 he was appointed associate justice of the Court 
of Sessions, which office he held until 18 15. He was made assistant 
marshal of the district of Massachusetts, in the towns of Lenox, Stock- 
bridge, Pittsfield, Tyringham, Becket, Peru, Hinsdale, West Stockbridge, 
Richmond, Washington, Lee and Dalton, on June 22, 1810. for the 
collection of the census returns. The same year he was appointed to 
qualify all civil officers of his district. 

It was the habit in those days to reward the services of men who had 
distinguished themselves in their service of the country, the town, or the 
State, by naming streets and squares after them. As after the war he was 
for some years Very active in the State government in Boston, Egleston 
Square, in Roxbury, was named after him. 

His intimate friends were the most prominent army, literary, and politi- 
cal men of the day. He always kept up his army associations. The let- 
ters from his army friends are full of declarations of the highest esteem for 
his personal character, as well as expressions of gratitude for benefits con- 
ferred. To some of them he gave homesteads, to others he gave either 
farms or helped them to secure them, and to others he lent his influence 
to insure to them prosperity and happiness. 

Being himself unselfish, genial, and generous, he always expected the 
same in others, and in his old age lived to be grievously disappointed in 
some of those whom he had both trusted and benefited. Considering that 
the duty of the citizen was in every way to uphold the State, he was too 
often bondsman for those who found no sacredness in such obligations. 
One of these, shortly before his death, went to Canada with large amounts of 
public funds, and lived there in opulence with his ill-gotten gains. This 
so reduced Major Egleston's fortune that he felt it necessary to retire from 




V ' 



IN MEMORY 



MAJOR AZARIAH EGLESTO 
ano HAN A 'PATER SON*". *,«,, 

BORN AUG 24, 1769. Dlf.OUAN 21.1803. 
AT THE BREAKING OUT OF THC REVOLUTION HE ENLISTED, 
WAS RAISED TO THE RANK OF ENS1CH »T VALLEY FORCE IN 
HE WAS PUT OH THE STAFF OF OEN PATERSON SERVEC 
THROUCH THE WHOLE WAR AHD WAS IN MANY OF THE PROMIN 
eATTLES AT THE CLOSE OF THE WAR HE SETTLED IN I 
MI WAOE IT A PROMINENT CENTRE OF EOUCATION H 
IHE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THE SOCIETY OF THE CINC 
^PRESENTED LENOX IN THE STATE LECISLATUBE IN 17 
) IN THE SENATE IN 1807 1818 & 1819 IN 1801 
SOCIATE JUSTICE OF THE COURT OF SESSIONS 

IFUL OF THE INTERESTS OF THIS TOWN AND ST 
THIS PARI5H. WA6 ITS FIRST TREASURE 



PPESENTCO IT MANY YEARS IHTHC CON/EH 

(ISM A P-RAYE SOLDIER. ANO SERVED Nil CI 

I MEMORY OF MIS PUBLIC SERVICES ANO HI 

THIS TABLET IS CRATEruLlY ERECTEO B ' 



«S A G< 
TMFULI 



THOMAS EGLESTON. 




■ 



T 



KlJLESTON I Mil.: 



1892.] Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. jjq 

public life, and he died soon after, on January 12, 1822, within a few 
weeks of his sixty-second birthday. 

His name and that of General Paterson will always be connected with 
the early history of Lenox. But for these two men Lenox would not have 
been for so many years the county seat and most important town of Berk- 
shire, and one of the most celebrated towns in the State. Settled as it 
was by Revolutionary officers and their families, it was for many years the 
literary and social centre of western Massachusetts. The glories of those 
days were always talked over among the old residents untd that genera- 
tion had passed away, and there are still traditions of them current in 
the town. 

There were many such men in those times, but how comparatively few 
there are now. He was a good citizen and a most benevolent one. While 
his duty to the State was ever present to his mind, he never forgot his duty 
to his family. He was a fond husband, a good father, and a kind neigh- 
bor. Duty to him was first, whether it was to his country on the field of 
battle, to his State and Town in public matters, or to his family at home. 
His work was always done, and well done. The heritage of a good name, 
and a life full of good and kind deeds, is a legacy of inestimable value to 
his descendants. 



1 20 Major Azanah Egleston 0/ the Revolutionary Army. [July, 



APPENDIX A. 

Names of the several Persons who sent their Children to Azariah Egleston's 
School, kept by Amasa Gle/en — viz., from the 23 d day of April to the I7'!\day of 
July 1792, both days included, being for the first Quarter. 



Thaddeus Thompson 
Caleb Hyde, Jun, . . . 
Azariah Egleston. . . . 
Ebenezer Bement . . . 

Abagail Willard 

Daniel Fellows 

David Bosworth 

Nathan Rosseter 
Thomas Rockwell. . . 

Enos Stone 

Elias Willard, ]\ 

Rufus Parker 

Samuel Monson 

Moses Way 

John Willard 

Simon Bow 

Jacob Rash 

Daniel Meeker 

Stephen Cruttenden . 

Oliver Root 

Joseph Denham 

Jon? Hinsdale 

John Stoughton 

Gustavus Stoughton . 

Dayton Fuller 

Charles Mattoon 

Joseph Barker 

Eldad Lewis 

Jacob Coan 

Oliver Wheten 

Abner Bangs 

Caleb Hyde 

(jam 1 B. Whiting . . . 
Seth Hibbard 



201 
75 
Iq6 
16S 
114 
III 
127 
214 
74 
184 



140 
137 
65 
43 
74 
9 
162 
159 
82 
64 
6u 
"3 
27 
57 
46 



35 
7 
1 

3.009 



3 Scholars per day J quarter 
i d I per day 2 Scholars 

3 Scholars per day \ quarter 
2 Scholars " " " 

2 Scholars " " " 



2 Scholars 

3 Scholars 
2 Scholars 



I Scholar per day \ quarter 
1 Scholar 



1 Scholar per day ■;- quarter 

2 Scholars per day 7 
1 Scholar 

1 Do. 



I do hereby certify that I kept the School as above mentioned & that Az' 
Egleston, Esq., imployed & p d me for Teaching said School & found a house for 
s d School & was at the whole expense of it & I further certify, that the above 
n°. of Days as set ag^ each person is the n°. of Days they sent to s d School. 
Lenox July iS*. 11 . 1792. Amasa Glezen. 

(Endorsed on outside.) 
School bill for the School taught by Mr. 
Amasa Glezen from the 23 r . d Day of April to 
the 17* Day of July 1792 both Days included 
S d School having been a private one set up & 
supported by A. Egleston, Esq. 

This one of a number of such accounts. 



I S92. ] Major Azariah Egleslon 0/ the Revolutionary Army. ji] 

APPENDIX B. 

PART OF THE SUBSCRIPTION LIST TO BUILD THE COURT HOUSE IN LENOX. 

We the subscribers do hereby promise and oblige ourselves our Heirs and 
administrators to pay Mr. Henry William Dwight Treasurer of the County of Berk- 
shire or his successor in said office the sum affixed to our names respectively upon 
condition that the Court House and Gaol are built in the Town of Lenox according 
to the present Law of this Commonwealth said payments to be made by us respec- 
tively in such materials and Labour as may be necessary for erecting said buildings 
and in such proportion and at such time as may be Judged best by the Committee who 
may be appointed to superintend the same. 

Witness our hands this 24th of September. 17S4 : 

May 27th Paid by A E (So), John l'aterson, eighty pounds. 

, Dec. 16th Kec'd in full (25), Enos Stone, twenty-live Pounds. 

Jan. 10th, 1789 Kec'd in full (20), Elias Willard, twenty Pounds. 
Jan. 171I1, 1790 Kec'd (10), Lemuel Collins, Ten pounds. 
Jan. 28th, 17SS Kec'd in full (20), Elias Willard, jr., twenty Pounds. 
May 27th, 17SS Kec'd in full (50). William Walker, fifty pounds. 
Sept. 30th, 17S9 Kec'd in full (50), Charles Debbel. fifty pounds. 
Jan. 15th, 1790 Kec'd in lull (10), Titus Parker, Ten pounds. 
(10), Simeon Smith, ten pounds. 
(3), Moses Nash, three pounds. 
Dec. 17th, 17SS Kec'd in full (2), of Jacob Nash, tow pounds. 
Jan. 15th, 1790 Kec'd in full (5), Simeon Parker, five pounds. 
June , 1788 Kec'd in full (20), Eldad Lewis, twenty pounds. 

July, 17SS Kec'd in full (30), Caleb Hyde, Thirty Pounds. 

Aug. 20th, 1789 Kec'd in full (5), Northrup, five pounds. 

Kec'd in full , John Abel, tow shillings. 
Paid Elijah Northrup Six Pounds April 21st 1789 Kec'd in full 
(3), Jonathan Koot, three pounds. 
Kec'd (10), Ebenezer Tracy, thirty shillings paid. 



(2), paid Thomas Rockwell, Forty Shillings Paid in full. 
Kec'd (5), Elijah Cates five pounds Kec'd in full. 



July 31st, 1789 Thomas , two pounds. 

Paid in full John Stoughton, two pounds, Dec. 17th, 17S8 Kec'd. 

Paid Jonathan Hinsdale one pound. 

(10), Samuel Goodrich, Ten pound. 

I John Whitlock hereby fully give the Lands I agread to with this Committy for 
setting the Statue for the Public Boundary in Lenox if the Buildings should be set on 
the ground where the Statue was set, Together with Twenty Pounds to be paid, as 
witness my hand 

John Whitlock. 

(3), paid Daniel Fellows three pounds paid in full. 

(5), Charles Mattoon, Five pounds Kec'd in full April 18, 1788. 

July 31, 1789, Elias Judd, two pounds Kec'd in full. 

July 31, 1789, Joseph Allen, one pound Kec'd in full. 

John Hewitt, Three Pound Kec'd in full. 
July 31, 1789, Seth lialeman, three Pound Kec'd in full. 
July 31, 17S9, Elisha Pickney, 1 pound Kec'd in full.' 
This is one of the subscription lists, a few names following which are illegible. 



122 Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July, 



APPENDIX C. 

i. Bagot Egleston, b. in 1590 ; m. Mary Talcott ; d. in Windsor, Ct., 
Sept. 1, 1674. She d. in Windsor, Dec. 8, 1657. 

Children of Bagot ( 1 ) and Mary Egleston. 

2. James, b. in England, 1638; m. Hester Williams; d. Dec. 1, 1679. 
She ni. 2, Aprii 29, 16S0, to James Eno of Windsor. 

3. Samuel, b. in England; d. in Middleto\vn,Feb., 1690-91; m. in 
1 66 1, Sarah Desborough, who d. in 1682. 

4. Thomas, b. in Windsor, Aug. 26, 1638 ; d. unm. in Windsor, May, 
1697. 

5. Mary, b. in Windsor, May 29, 1641 ; m. June 7, 1655, John Dens- 
low of Windsor, who d. Sept. 10, 1689. 

6. Sarah, b. in Windsor, March 28, 1643; m. Feb. 16, 1664-65, John 
Pettibone of Sunsbury. 

7. Rebecca, b. iu Windsor, Dec. 8, 1644: not mentioned in her 
father's will ; probably died unmarried. 

8. Abigail, b. in Windsor, June 12, 1648 ; m. Oct. 14, 1669, John 
Osborn of Westfield, afterwards of Windsor. 

9. Joseph, bapt. Mircn 30, i65i,in Windsor; settled in what is now 
North Stonington, where he left descendants. 

10. Benjamin, b. in Windsor, Dec. 18, 1653 ; d. in East Windsor, 
1732 ; m. March 6, 1678, Hannah, d. of John Osborn and widow of 
Shadwell, who d. Aug. 17, 1 7 1 5 . 

Children of James (2) and Hester Egleston. 

11. James, b. Jan. 1, 1656; d. in Windsor, Dec. 22, 1746; m. 1, 
Aug. 28, 1 7 18, Martha Clark, who d. May 25, 172S ; m. 2, Elizabeth 
Blancher, in Nov., 1732. 

12. John, b. March 22, 1659; d. in Wintonburv, 1731 ; m. June 1, 
1-682, Esther Mills. 

13. Thomas, b. in Windsor, July 27, 1661 ; d. in Windsor April 6, 
1732 ; m. Grace Hopkins, b. July, 1666; d. in Windsor, March 27, 1739. 

14. Hester, b. Dec. 1, 1663 ; m. June 10, 1686, John Williams of 
Windsor. 

15. Nathaniel, b. in Windsor, Aug. 15, 1666; m. Sept. 13, 1694, 
Hannah Ashley, b. in Westfield, Dec. 26, 1675. Living in Westfield in 
1737- 

16. Isaac, b. in Wintonburv, Feb. 27, 1668-69; d. in the same place, 
Jan. 30, 1753; m - March 21, 1694-95, Mary Stiles. 

17. Abigail, b. Sept. 1, 1671. 

18. Deborah, b. May 1, 1674. 

19. Hannah, b. Dec. 19. 1676. 

Children of Samuel (3) and Sarah Eglest/m. 

20. Samuel, b. March 6, 1663. 

21. Thomas, b. June 4, 1667. 



1892.] Major Azariah Eglcston of the Revolutionary An 

22. Joseph, b. Jan. 24, 1668; d. Jan. 31, 1668. 

23. Sarah, b. Oct. 26, 1670. 

24. Susannah, b. May 19, 1674. 

25. Nicholas, b. Dec. 23, 1676. 

26. Mary, b. 1678. 

27. Mercy, b. July 27, 1679. 

28. Ebenezer, b. July 16, 1689. 

Children of John and Mary (5) Denslow. 

29. John, b. Aug. 13, 1656. 

30. Mary, b. March 10, 1658. 

31. Thomas, b. April 22, 1661. 

32. Deborah, b. May 29, 1663. 
$3. Joseph, b. April 12, 1665. 

34. Benjamin, b. March 30, 1668. 

35. Abraham, b. March 8, 1670. 

36. George, b. April 8, 1672. 

37. Isaac, b. April 12, 1674. 

38. Abigail, b. Nov. 7, 1677. 

Children of John and Sarah (6) Pettibone. 

39. John, b. Dec. 15, 1665. 

40. Sarah, b. Sept. 24, 1667, d. young. 

41. Stephen, b. Oct. 3, 1669. 

42. Samuel. 

43. Sarah. 

Children of John and Abigail (8) Osborn. 

44- John, b. August 25, 1670. 

45. Abigail, b. March 8, 1672. 

46. Mindwell, b. Jan. 2, 1674. 

47. Ann, b. Jan., 1676. 

48. Mary, b. Jan., 1678. 

49. Hannah, b. June 14, 1680. 

50. Sarah, b. Aug. 12, 1682. 

51. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 19, 1684. 

52. Martha, b. April 10, 1687. 

53. Isaac, b. June 6, 1694. 

54. Mary, b. Feb. 10, 1696. 

55. Jacob, b. Jan. 4, 1696. 

Children of Benjamin (10) and Hannah Egleston. 

56. Mary, b. in East Windsor, Oct. 2, 1680. 

57. Sarah, b. in East Windsor, April 20, 1683. 

58. Abigail, b. in East Windsor, April 11, 1685. 

59. Benjamin, b. in East Windsor, May, 1687. 

60. Dorothy, b. in East Windsor, Feb. 28, 1689-90. 

61. Hester, b. in East Windsor, July 10, 1699. 



I2A Major Azariah Egleslon of the Revolutionary Army, [July, 

Children of James ( 1 1 ) and Martha Egleston. 

62. James, b. in Wintonbury Parish, now Bloomfield, Sept. 4, 1719; 
d. Nov. 5, 1 7 19. 

63. Elisha, b. in Wintonbury, Sept. 25, 1720. 

64. James, b. in Wintonbury, Sept. 15. 1724. 

Children of James (11) and Elizabeth Egleston. 

65. Abigail, b. in Wintonbury, Jan. 8, 1733-34. 

Children of John (12) and Esther Egleston. 

66. Hester, b. March 14, 1682-83. 

67. Abigail, b. Dec. 14, 1683. 

68. Sarah, b. Jan. 4, 1686. 

69. James, b. in Wintonbury, June 18, 1689. 

70. Dorcas, b. Sept. 7, 1692. 

71. Deliverance, b. April 6, 1695, d. July 12, 1715. 

72. Ann, b. Jan. 18, 1697. 

73. Damaris, b. July 14, 1700. 

74. John, b. March 13, 1702-03. 

75. Martha, b. Nov. 20, 1705. 

76. Edward, b. Jan. 31, 1707. 

Children of Thomas (13) and Grace Egleston. 

77. Thomas. 

78. Grace, b. Nov. 11, 1687. 

79. Mary, b. Jan. 11, 1689-90. 

80. Hannah, b. Feb. 7. 1691-92. 

81. Jedidiah, b. June 14, 1696. 

82. Isabel. 

83. Deborah, b. May 10, 1700. 

84. Mary, b. May 13, 1702. 

85. Mindwell, b. Nov. 24, 1703. 

86. Joseph, b. April 4, 1706. 

87. Ephraim, b. March 3, 170S. 

88. Esther, b. Oct. 19, 1710. 

Children of Nathaniel (15) and Hannah Egleston. 

89. Joseph, b. in Windsor, 1700; d. in Sheffield, May 2, 1774; rn. 
June 9, 1730, Abigail Ashley, widow, d. of Eleazer and Abigail Welles; 
b. in Westfield, Nov. 12, 1703. 

90. Nathaniel, b. in Westfield, April 8, 171 2 ; d. in the same place, 
March 7, 1774 ; m. Aug. 13, 1741, Esther Wait. 

Children of Isaac (16) and Mary Egleston. 

91. Isaac, b. in Wintonbury, Dec. 30, 1695 ; d. Feb. 10, 1716-17. 

92. Mary, b. July 20, 1697, in Wintonbury. 

93. John, b. in Wintonbury, Sept. 10, 1700; d. Jan. 12, 1701-02. 



1892.] Major Azariah Egleston 0/ the Revolutionary Army. pr 

94. Nathaniel, b. in Wintonbury, Jan. S, 1702-03 ; d. Jar. 11,1796. 

95. Daniel, b. in Wintonbury, Jan. 12, 1705. 

Children of Joseph (89) and Abigail Egleston. 

97. Seth, b. in Westfield, April 19, 1731 ; d. in Sheffield, March 20, 
1772; m. Nov. 28, 1754, Rachel Church ; b. June 19, 1736; d. in East 
Bloomfield, N. J., June 30, 1825. 

98. Sarah, b. in Westfield, April 19, 1731 ; d. March 20. 1772. 

99. Abigail, b. in Westfield, Dec. 3, 1734 ; d. May 23, 1738. 

100. Mercy, b. in Westfield, April 3, 1737. 

101. Joseph, b. in Westfield, April 17, 1739; m. in 1761, Experience 
Watkins. 

102. Abigail, b. in Westfield, March 22, 1741 ; d. Aug. 31, 1784. 

103. Moses, b. in Westfield, Sept. 3, 1743 ; d. Aug. 31, i7y4 ; m. 
Mary Saxon. 

104. Thankful, b. in Sheffield, 1745 ; m. Joseph Tucker of Stock- 
bridge. 

Children of Nathaniel (90) and Esther Egleston. 

105. Esther, b. in. Westfield, Dec. 26, 1743. 

106. Editha, b. in Westfield, Oct. 2, 1747. 

107. Dolly, b. in Westfield. May 12, 1749. 

108. Eber, b. in Westfield, June 13, 1751 ; d. the same place, Dec. 25, 
1815. 

109. Abner, b. in Westfield, July 3, 1754. 
no. Simeon, b. in Westfield. 

Children of Seth (97) and Rachel Egleston. 

111. Anne, b. in Sheffield, Sept. 14, 1755 ; d. July 18, 1829 ; m. Jan. % 
1777, lonathan Parkiss, who was b. April 21, 1751, ai.d d. Sept. 7, 1S32. 

112. Azariah, b. in Sheffield, Feb. 23, 1757 I d. ' n Lenox, Jan. 12, 
1822 ; m. Aug. 11, 1785, Hannah Paterson, b. in New Britain, Ct., Aug. 
24, 1769; d. in Lenox, Jan. 21, 1S03. 

113. Josiah, b. in Sheffield, Feb. 1, 1759 ; d. in 1822. 

114. Mercy, b. in Sheffield, Dec. 22, 1760; m. June 14, 1785, 
Nathan Waldron. 

115. Elijah, b. in Sheffield, Feb. 10, 1764 ; d. in Charleston, S. C, 
in 1796 ; m. Eunice Whitney. 

116. John, b. in Sheffield, Sept. 15, 1767; d. in Charleston, S. C, 
Aug. 29, 1822 ; no issue by his first wife ; m. 2, Sarah Morton. 

Children of Jonathan and Anne ( 1 1 1 ) Parkiss. 

117. Seth, b. Oct. 9, 1777. 

118. Rhoda, b. July 7, 178 1 ; d. Dec. 9, 1849. 

119. Nancy, b. June 12, 1785; d. Nov. 25, 1S01. 

Children of Azariah (112) and Hannah Egleston. 

120. Sophia, b. in Lenox, March 16, 1789, d. April 1, 1789. ♦ 

121. Maria, b. in Lenox, April 12, 1790; d. May 6, 1853 ; m. Aug. 
31, 18 1 2, James W. Robbins. 



I2 6 Major Azariah Egleston of the Revolutionary Army. [July. 

122. Nancy, b. in Lenox, Feb. 17, 1792 ; d. the same day. 

123. Mary, b. in Lenox, Sept. 24, 1793 ; d. Sept. I, 1816. 

124. George Washington, b. in Sheffield, July 17, 1795 ; d. Dec. 6, 
1S63 ; m. (1st wife) Dec. 13, 1821, Sophia Heriot, b. Nov. 12, 1799 ;' d. 
Dec. 13, 1 82 1 ; m. (2d wife) Mrs. Martha Pochee (Du Bose), May 5, 
1840; b. ; d. Sept. 21, 1S65. 

125. Betsey, b. 1797 ; m. April 27, 18 15, Moses Byxby. 

126. Thomas Jefferson, b. in Lenox, Sept. 11, 1800 ; d. in New York, 
July 12, 1861 ; m. April 17, 1828, Sarah Jesup Stebbins, b. Dec. 5, 
1809. 



Children 0/ Elijah (115) and Eunice Egleston. 



127. Betsey. 

128. John. 



Children of John (116) and Sarah Egleston. 

1 29. Amedee V. C. 

130. John M. E. 

131. David W. 

132. Elijah. 

133. James L. 

134. Mary \Y. 

135. Sarah. 

Children of fames W. and Maria (121) Robbins. 

136 James, b. May 30. 1813; d. May 9, 1814. 

137. James, b. Oct. 3, 1814. 

138. Maria, b. Nov. 14, 181 5. 

139. Ammi, b. Aug. 28, 1819 ; d. Nov. , 1865. 

140. Thomas, b. Sept. 12, 1820; d. Aug. 17, 1846. 

141. Giorge, b. Sept. 12, 1822. 

142. Mary, b. Oct. 14, 1824 ; d. May 6, 1853. 

143. Edward, b. Sept. 30, 1828 ; d. Feb. 1865. 

144. Elizabeth, b. May 1, 1832 ; d. March 4, 1838. 

Children of George W. (124) and Sophia Egleston. 

145. Sarah Heriot, b. Nov. 10, 1822 ; d. Nov. 27, 1824. 

146. George Paterson, b. May 1, 1824. 

147. Thomas Robert, b. Oct. 7, 1826. 
14S. Maria Elizabeth, b. Sept. 13, 182S 

149. Daniel Heriot, b. Aug. 16, 1830. 

Children of G. W. (124) and Martha Egleston. 

150. Sophia Heriot, b. March 14, 1841 ; d. May, 1842. 

151. Du Bose, b. May 23, 1843. 

152. Samuel Du Bose, b. Sept. 28, 1845 ! d. Sept. 12, 1856 

153. William Isoe, b. March 11, 1847 ; d. June , 1884. 

154. Mary Egleston, b. Aug. 16, 1848. 

155. Elisabeth, b. Nov. 1, 1849. 



1892.] The Franklin Family. 

Children 0/ Moses and Betsey (125) Byxby. 

156. George W. E., b. March 27, 1817 ; d. 

157. Lucy Ann, b. March 20, 18 18. 

1 58. Mary. 

1 59. Charles, b. ; d. 

Children of Thomas J. (126) and Sarah J. Egleston. 

160. Thomas Stebbins, b. July 26, 1829 ; d. April 3, 1831. 

161. David Stebbins, b. Nov. 22, 1830. 

162. Thomas, b. Dec. 9, 1832. 

163. Theophilus Stebbins, b. July 13, 1835; d. Nov. 12, 1838. 

164. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Aug. 7, 1837. 

165. William Couch, b. June 30, 1839. 

166. George Washington, b. Sept. 1, 1843. 

167. Henry Paris, b. April 6, 184S; d. Nov. 19, 1886. 



I 27 



THE FRANKLIN FAMILY. 

From the autobiography of Mary Robinson Hunter. Mary Robinson 
Hunter was the daughter of Sarah Franklin and William T. Robinson. 
Mr. Hunter was our minister at Rio when this was written. 

Rio de Janeiro, 6th December, 1845. 

My mother's grandfather on her father's side was a wealthy farmer of 
the State of New York, born of an English father and a Dutch mother. 
They had a large family of sons, of whom my grandfather was the young- 
est, and two daughters. Of five sons I can speak, having known them 
all as a child, and all treating me with overweening love and indulgence. 
James, the eldest, followed the occupation of his father, and inherited 
the homestead. He married a lady of high breeding, who used to come 
down from the country once a year to visit the families of her husband's 
brothers, who were settled as merchants, three in New York, and one in 
Philadelphia. I well remember the awe her presence inspired among 
us children ; the rustling of her silk, and her high-heeled shoes making 
her figure more commanding, and the reproach her never-ending knitting 
cast upon us idle and indulged children. 

Walter, John,- and Samuel resided in New York. They inherited 
large fortunes from their parents, which they put into trade, and the 
produce of China and other countries was wafted to our shores in their 
ships. Walter retired with an immense fortune from the firm, lived in 
the style of a nobleman, and drove an elegant chariot. On an excursion 
to Long Island, driving by a country house, he saw milking in the barn- 
yard, where thirty cows had just been driven in at sunset, a beautiful 
young Quaker girl. He stopped, beckoned her, and asked who occupied 
the house. With great simplicity, and without embarrassment, she 
replied, "My father, Daniel Bowne. Wilt thou not alight and take tea 
with him ?" My uncle accepted the invitation, introduced himself, was 



j 2 8 The Franklin Family. f July , 

well known by reputation. He conversed with the farmer on the 
appearance of the farm, on his fine cows, etc., but not a word about the 
fair milkmaid. Presently the door opened, and she came in to make tea 
for the "city friend," when her father said, "Hannah, this is friend 
Walter Franklin, from New York." She blushed deeply, finding he made 
no allusion to having seen her before. The blush heightened her loveli- 
ness. She had smoothed her hair, and a fine lawn kerchief covered her 
neck and bosom. After three visits he asked her in marriage, and the 
fair milkmaid was seated by his side in the chariot, on her way to take 
possession as mistress of the most elegant house in the city, in Cherry 
Street, near the corner of Pearl. She had a numerous family of beautiful 
daughters. They swerved from the simplicity of Quakerism, and became 
worldly and fashionable belles. The eldest, Sally, married a very 
wealthy man of the name of Norton, I believe of English birth, who was 
heir to an immense fortune, left him by a Mr. Lake, who lived near New 
York. The second, Maria, was the wife of Dew,itt Clinton.* The third, 
Hannah, married his brother, George Clinton.'' They all had children. 
Their mother was left a widow just before the third daughter was born — my 
uncle Walter dying and leaving a rich voung widow, and twenty thousand 
pounds to each of his daughters. His widow afterward married a very 
respectable Presbyterian named Osgood, who held some post under 
Government — commissary of the army in Washington's time, I believe. 
She had a number of children by Osgood. The eldest, Martha, married 
a brother of the famous Genet. My uncle Walter's house is now the 
Franklin Bank, named after its builder and owner. 

I cannot remember the maiden name of my uncle John's wife, for it 
is of him I am now to speak, but when he married her she was a widow 
Townsend, with one beautiful daughter. He owned and lived in a 
house the lower end of Cherry Street. Well do I remember the delightful 
parties assembled at his hospitable board, and now and then, as a great 
favor, taking turns with my brothers and sisters in going with my parents 
to one of uncle John's oyster suppers. He was of a joyous, happy 
temper, and loved to tease children. He used to tell me how he pitied me 
for being so homely, all in good humor and irony, but it would wound 
my budding vanity. He had a large family of sons and daughters, 
all plain in person. His son Thomas is, or was, well known in New 
York as an active, flourishing man, where his sons have succeeded him — 
Marius, William, and some others, now on the stage of life. My uncle 
Thomas Franklin (great-uncle) settled as a merchant in Philadelphia, and 
left many children. His son Walter was an eminent lawyer in that city, 
and an accomplished, amiable man. Thus I have given an outline of 
my grandfather's brothers. His two sisters are now to be brought 
forward. Sally, the eldest, married Caspar Wistar, of Pennsylvania, one of 
nature's noblemen — a farmer living on the Brandywine, of German 
parentage as his name designates. He lived in great luxury and hos- 
pitality, and had several children. His eldest daughter, Sally, married a 
merchant of Philadelphia, by the name of Pennock. Another and 
favorite daughter, highly gifted in intellect, married late in life a Mr. 
, and had two sons, one named Caspar. They married, 
I believe, two daughters of Bishop Onderdonk, but of this I am not quite 
certain ; one, I know, married a daughter of his. 

My grandfather's second sister, Mary, married a Colonel De Lancey of 



)2.J The Franklin Family. 



129 



French extraction. His father, I believe, came from France. I remem- 
ber him as a little girl ; he did not love children, was of a morose disposi- 
tion, and I trembled when I heard him approach, in a red velvet cap and 
brocade dressing-gown and slippers, when I was playing about, whilst on 
a visit to my aunt on Long Island. They had only one child, a daughter, 
beautiful in face and person, and with much French sprightliness and 
naivete. She married at thirty a Mr. Staples of New York, and had, like 
her mother, but one child, a daughter. 

I now proceed to my maternal grandfather, Samuel Franklin. While 
on a visit to his brother Thomas in Philadelphia, he became acquainted 
with and married Hester Mitchell, a young girl of an excellent Quaker 
family. One of her sisters married into another Quaker family, named 
Parish, of whom Dr. Parish, so justly celebrated asa skillful physician and 
a true Christian, is a member. Another sister of my grandmother's was 
the mother of the large family by the name of Marshall, in Philadelphia, 
several of whom are celebrated chemists and druggists. 

My grandfather brought his wife to New York, and bought or built 
what was then thought a fine house in Pearl Street, a few doors from the 
corner of Beekman Street. Here his children were born. Several died in 
infancy ; only three lived to grow up. My mother was the eldest, a beauti- 
ful brunette, with brilliant eyes, curling hair, tall and graceful in figure. 
The second, Abraham, married a very lovely woman named Ann Town- 
send, by whom he had thirteen children, now scattered about the world. 
The youngest, John, married a country girl of Long Island, named Charity 
Cornell, who was a good wife and a devoted mother to a large family of 
children. Mary, a beautiful girl, and said to resemble me in a most strik- 
ing way, married a Mr. Bond, I believe of Baltimore. My uncle Abraham 
died many years ago. My uncle John still lives in New York, but he 
must be more than seventy years of age. My mother grew and bloomed 
amidst the stirring times of the Revolutionary war, when the English were 
in possession of New York. 



The Kitty F. Wistar to whom the following letter is addressed was born 
in 1768, and was the third child of Caspar Wistar and Mary Franklin, who 
was the fourth daughter of Thomas Franklin (born January 20, 1703), 
who married Mary Pearsall in 1726. The Sarah Robinson who wrote 
the letter was a Franklin who married Rowland Robinson, of the firm of 
Franklin, Robinson & Co., in the Eastern trade. 

"Uncle Walter " Franklin was born in 1727, and the oldest child of 
Thomas Franklin and Mary Pearsall. His house was between Cherry and 
Queen Streets (now Pearl Street), and he was senior partner of the above 
firm. 

The letter addressed to Samuel Rhoades was written by the grand- 
parents of the Kitty Wistar to whom the Sarah Robinson letter is 
addressed. Their son Thomas, who married Mary Rhoades, was their 
fourth child, born in 1734. Thomas Franklin was the great-grandfather 
of Gen. W. B. Franklin, Admiral S. R. Franklin, and Col. Walter S. 
Franklin. 

New York, 30th of the Fourth Month, 1789. 

I feel exceedingly mortified and hurt, my dear cousin, that so many of my letters 
to thee have been miscarried. I have certainly written as many as half a dozen since 



I iq The Franklin Family. [J u '}', 

thee left New York, although thou acknowledgest the receipt of but one, which 
almost discourages me from making another attempt, so uncertain is it whether it 
will ever reach Brandywine, but I cannot entirely give it up, as I am assured they 
afford you some pleasure. I received thine of the 4th and was pleased to hear you 
are well and that my dear uncle and aunt talked of making New York a visit. I 
shall wish for a wedding in the family often, if it will bring such good strangers ; so, 
my dear, insist on it, and do not let them disappoint us, we promise ourselves a great 
enjoyment in their company. 

Uncle John's affair goes on rapidly and will soon come to a crisis, and he is as 
attentive a swain as thou wouldst wish to see, and as much delighted at the approaching 
event. Betsey and Polly are expected to-day, I hope they will be prudent, but 
no doubt it will be a great trial, they are all extremely averse to the match, and uncle 
has his hands full with them, thou may suppose. If I could but sit an hour with thee, 
my dear, how much I should have to tell thee, but it will not do to put all on 
paper, but so far I will say that the Widow would have nothing to say to Uncle John, 
until he would be reconciled to cousin Tommy, in consequence of which he visits 
there and takes a great deal of notice of his three little granddaughters, a very 
pleasing event to all of us and does great honour to our Aunt, and endears her 
very much to me, she I think every way suitable to our Uncle and I have no doubt 
will make him an excellent wife. Billy is now out on his journey to Vermont, he has 
been gone eight weeks, I have frequently heard from him during his absence but do 
not know when to expect him. Our dear little Eliza is now in the small pox and like 
to have it favourably, a favour which demands our gratitude, the rest of the little 
tribe are well. My little niece, Esther, grows finely and her mother is as well as can 
be expected. 

Great rejoicing in New York on the arrival of General Washington, an elegant 
Barge decorated with an awning of Satin, 12 oarsmen dressed in white frocks and 
blue ribbons went down to E. Town last fourth day to bring him up. A stage was 
erected at the Coffee house wharf, covered with a carpet for him to step on, where a 
company of Light horse, one of Artillery, and most of the Inhabitants were waiting 
to receive him, they paraded through Queen street in great form, while the music of 
the drums, and the ringing of the bells were enough to stun one with the noise. 
Previous to his coming Uncle Walter's house in Cherry street was taken for him, and 
every room furnished in the most elegant manner. Aunt Osgood and Lady Kitty 
Duer had the whole management of it. I went the morning before the General's 
arrival to take a look at it, the best of furniture in every room and the greatest 
quantity of plate and China I ever saw, the whole of the first and second storey is 
papered and the floors covered with the richest kind of Turkey and Wilton carpets. 
The house did honour to my aunts and Lady Kitty, they spared no pains nor expense 
on it. Thou must know that Uncle Osgood and Duer were appointed to procure a 
house and furnish it, accordingly they pitched on their wives as being likely to do it 
better. I have not done yet my dear. Is thee not almost tired. The evening after 
his Excellency's arrival there was a general Illumination took place except among 
friends and those styled Anti-Federalist. The latter's windows suffered some, thou 
may imagine. As soon as the General has sworn in, a grand exhibition of fire works 
is to be displayed which it is expected is to be tomorrow, there is scarcely any thing 
talked about now but General Washington and the Palace, and of little else have I 
told thee yet tho' have spun my miserable scrawl already to a great length, but though 
requested to know all that was going forward. I have just heard that William Titus 
of Woodbury is going to be married to a sister of Uncle Bowne, mother to Thomas 
Bowne, who I believe thee knows, Eliza Titus, her husband and Father and mother, 
spent the evening with us last Sixth day. Eliza is much altered since I saw her she 
is much thinner and plainer. Marie de Courcy too, has been in town a fortnight, 
she made her home at Uncle Osgood's, but was a great deal among us all, she is 
about making a little tour into Connecticut on a visit to a friend Lucy Ball with 
[oseph Bull, who is now in town. Our Families are all well, Hetty is still with us 
Rowland and the girls' love to you. Accept mine, my dear cousin and write soon, to 
thy affectionate cousin. 

Sarah Robinson. 

Kitty F. Wistar. 



92.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 



Ul 



RECORDS OF THE REFORMED DUTCH CHURCH IN THE 
CITY OF NEW YORK.-BAPTfs MS . 



(Continued from Vol. XXIII., p. 8o , of The Record , 



A° 173S. 
Juny 2. 



OUDERS. 

• Herman Rutgers, 
Elisabeth Benson. 

Jonathan Frind, 

Elisabeth Bekker. 
Johan n is Liiwis, 

Elisabeth Caar. 
Pieter White, Jan- 

netje Carsten. 
Jacob Somerendyk, 

Amarensje Stoiiws. 

Philip Ltlwes, Chris- 
tina Van Taerlinp- 



Peter Smith, Debora 
Pel. 

AlbartiisTiboiiwt, 
Cornelia Bogert. 
14. Jacobus Kip, Catha- 
rina Kip. 
John Hall, Magda- 
lena Goiiverneiir. 
21. Adolph Swartwoiid, 
Elsje Sanders. 

Joseph de Voe, Sara 
Blom. 



25. Mattheiis Van Aal- 
stein, Sara Lynch. 

28. Henricus de Foreest, 
Susanna Bil. 

July 2. James Livingston, 
Maria Kierstede. 
9. Henricus Breestede, 
Maria Breestede. 

16. Johannes Jeraleman, 
Margri etje Ti- 
bouwt. 



KINDERS. 

Catharina. 

Catharina. 
Johannes. 
Catharina. 
Antje. 

Floriis Van 
Taerling. 

Aaltje. 
Nicolaiis. 



GETUYGEN. 

Hendrik Rutgers, Elsje 
Rutgers, h. v. v., Joh s 
Marschalk. 

Joh s Roorbash, Sophia 
Grauw, z. h. v. 

Isaac Chardevine, Maria 
Caar, j. d. 

Gideon Carsten, Tryntje 
Cokkeveer, 2. h. v. 

Gerard lis Stuivesant, Abi- 
gael Bill, Wed. v. Jan 
Stouwt. 

Fiords Van Taerli ng, 
Elisabeth Van Taer- 
ling, h. v. v. Adriaan 
Banker. 
Jacobus Montanje Maria 

Pel, z. h. v. ' 
Petrus Bogert, Margrietje. 



Maria. 

Nicolaiis. 

Rachel. 



Sara. 



Johannes Kip, Blandina 

Kip. 
Brandy Schuyler, Sara 

Gouverneur' j. d. 
Jacob Walton, Cornelia 
B e e k m a n , h v. v 
Willem Walton, }\ 
Jacob Broiiwer, Marytje 
Stevens, h. v. v. Jan 
Pietersse. 
Abraham Van Aalstein, 
Marretje Jansse, 2. h. v. 
Jacobus Sarly, Elisabeth 
Blaihvveld, Wed. v. 
ChristofF: Elsword. 
Richard Esvield, Isabeela 
Morris, z. h. v. 
Simon, ge- Simon Breestede, Anna 
boren den Breestede, j. d. 
4 July. 
Maria. j, lh s Tiboiiwt, Maria Ti- 

boiiwt, h. v. v. Joh s 
Peers. 



Helena. 
Catlyntje. 



Margri ta. 



x -i2 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 



[J«iy. 



A° 1738. OUDERS. 

Jan jacobse, Harmpje 
K'oek. 



19. Simon Van Sysse, 
Geertruy Pel. 

Gerrit Breestede, 

Catharina Pro- 

voost. 
Cornells Volleman, 

Marytje Wessels. 
23. Pieter Band, Cat- 

lyntje Myer. 

30. Abraham Eght, 
Catharina Benson. 



KINDERS. 

Susanna, ge-^ 
b o r e n , 
1737, den 
22 Sept., 
in d e 
county 
van nieuw 
Capel. 

Annatje. 



Johannes. 

Maria. 
Marretje. 

Elisabeth. 



GETUYGEN. 

Dirk Koek, Ju'., Elisa- 
beth Koek, j. d. 



Joh s Myer, Annatje Pel, 

h. v.' v. Willem Bo- 

gaart, Ju'. 
David Provoost & Rebecca 

Onkelbag, Wed. v. 

Burger Sipkens. 
Francis Wessels, Anna 

Brad, j. d. 
William Band, Marretje 



Band, h. v. v 
Cornelisse. 
Joh s Benson, 
Redlif, Wed : 
Benson. 



Barend 



Elisab ,h 
v. Dirk 



[551.] 

August 2. 



Jan Heyer, Mar- Baltiis. 
grietje Paiilet. 

Evert Duyking, Aefje Christoffer. 
Hardenbroek-. 



6. Francis. K n egt v. 
Harmu Van Gel- 
der, Elisabeth 
B i k k e r Meyt v. 
Gil m Verplank. 

9. Johannes R e m s e , 
Elisabeth Brees- 
tede. 

13. Jan M essie, Mar- 
grietje Barheid. 

16. Daniel Dyk, Mar- 
grietje Paiilsse. 

27. Nicolaas Bayard, 

Elisabet Re>>nders. 

Sept : 1. Isaak Koning, 

Geertje Hartje. 

\ 6. Willem Snyder, Anna 

Eva Hendriks. 



Nicolaas. 



Rebecca. 



Hester. 



Antje. 



Margareta. 
Jacob. 

Maria 

Lcaiisa. 



Arent Van Hoek, Sara 
Burger, h. v. v. Baltus 
Hyer. 

Jacobus Rosevelt, Helena 
R o s e v e 1 t , h. v. v. 
Andreas Bartlet. 

Thomas Jacob, Knegt 
Van GiiiP Van Plank, 
Susanna B o li n Meyt 
Van Abr m v. Vlek. 

Rem R e m s e , Rebecca 

Onkelbag, Wed : v. 

Burger Sipkens. 
Andries Barheid, Hester 

Forrie, Wed. v. Daniel 

Messie. 
Johannes Paiilsse, Adriana 

Paulsse, h. v. v. Rob 1 

Provoost. 
Peter Kemble, Geertruy 

Bavard, syn h. v. 
Jacob Koning, Claasje 

Woertendvk, syn h. v. 
Lodewyk C r a a 11 , Maria 

Voor, syn h. v. 



1892. J Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 



133 



173S. 
14. John 



OUDERS. 

White, Sti- 
sanna Desenne. 



20. Simson Bensen, Jan- 
net je Ament. 
Henriciis Smit, Titia 
Rapalje. 

24. Joseph Paaling, Su- 
sanna White. 

Petriis Kip, Mar- 
grietje Blom. 

27. Theii nis Tiebout, 
Margrietje Drink- 
water. 
Octob. 4. D° Henriciis Boel, 
Elsebet Van 
Home. 



Myndert Schuyler, 
Elisabet Wessels. 

Bernardiis Van Zandt, 
BeHtje Laton. 

8. Cornelis Turk, Catha- 
rina Van Tilbiirg. 

15. Johannes Aalstvn, 
Cathalina Rapalje. 
Jan F.ckeson, Sara 
Dver. 

Johannes Francys, 
Engeltje Appel. 

22. Hendrik Rutgers, 
Catharina de Pey- 
ster. 

David Schuyler, 
Elisabet Mar- 
schalk. 
25. Pieter Van Deiisen, 
Maria Eldridge. 



KINDERS. 

Cornelia. 



Pieter. 

Johanna. 

Abraham. 

Sara. 

Hendrik. 



Tobias, ge- 
boren den 
18 Sep- 
tember, 
gestorven 
den 29 
Decemb : 

1739- 
Myndert. 

Wynandt. 



Neeltje. 

Marritje. 

Cornelis. 

Jiidikje. 
Harmanus. 

Anneke. 
Lucretia. 



GETUYGEN. 

Cornelis Qiiakkenbosch, 
Cornelia Lameter, syn 
h. v. 

Eldert Ament, Catharina 
Ament, j. d. 

Cornelis Rapalje, Johanna 
Antonides, syn h. v. 

Gysbert UytdenBogard, 
Catharina Paaling, syn 
h. v. 

Pieter Marschalk, Anna 
Blom, h. v. van Jo- 
hannes Vredenburg. 

Johannes Tiebout, Sara 
Tiebout, Wed. v. 
Ewout Ewoiitse. 

Coenraat Ten Eyck, 
Tobiasz. Judith Jay, 
h. v. van Cornelius Van 
Home. 



Petriis Rutgers, An*na 
Wessels, j. d. 

Wynandt Van Zandt, 
Catharina Ten Eyck, 
syn h. v. 

Cornelis Bogaart, Neeltje 
Turk, h. v. van Lau- 
rens Roome. 

Abraham Aalstyn, Mar- 
ritje Jansen, syn h. v. 

Thomas de La Montagne, 
Rebecca Bryant, syn 
h. v. 

Joost Francys, Jenneke 
Blom, h. v. van Benja- 
min Kierstede. 

Harmanus Rutgers, 
Junior, Elsje Rutgers, 
h. v. van John Mar- 
shall. 

Francois Marschalk, An- 
neke Lynsse, syn h. v. 

Willem Van D e u s e n , 
Lucretia Bogardus, h. 
v. van Abr m Van Deii- 
sen. 



I ia Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [July, 



A" I73S. OUDERS. 

T552.J 

Nov. 1 . Cornells Thorp, 

Apolonia Uytden 

Bogard. 
5. Johannes Dally, 

Margarietje 

Francys. 
8. Walter de Gra uw , 

Maria de Lamair. 
Robert Livingston, 

Junior, Maria 

Thong. 

15. Barent Bos, Aafje 

Bruyn. 
19. Jacob R y k e , 

Catharina P o m - 

mery. 
Francis Manny, 

Annatje Kip. 
24 Casparus Stymets, 

Marytje Henrikse. 

26. John Dobbs, An- 
naatje Nieuwkerk. 

Abraham Marschalk, 
Maria Sebring. 

Dec. 1. Benjamin Qiiakken- 
bosch, Margerietje 
Ellis. 
3. Johannes Hoppe, 
Marytje Van 
Orden. 
6. W i 1 1 e m Heyer, 

Tabitha Simson. 
13. Johannes Roome, 
Susanna Lechavel- 
jere. 
24. Jacobus Stoiitenburg, 

Maria Tiirk. 
26. John Man, Annatje 
Bensen. 



Richard Langdon, 

Anna Cuyler. 
Matthew Clarkson, 

Cornelia de 

Peyster. 



KINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Elisabet. Thomas Montagne, 
Nellie Potter, j. d. 

Margarietje. Isaac Stoiitenberg, Cor- 
nelia Dally, j. d. 

Catharina. Victor Hyer, Jannetje 
Van Gelder, syn h. v. 

Maria. Henry Cuyler, Margareta 

Howarding, h. v. van 
Robert Livingston, 
Senior. 

Annaatje. Gerrit Heyer, Sara Bos, 
syn h. v. 

Margareta. Johannes Gilbert, Tjaatje 
Van Keuren, j. d. 

Anna Mag- Richard Kip, Sara Kip, 

dalena. j. d. 

Gerrit. Walter Heyer, Vroiitje 

H ever, h. v. van 

Johannes de Boog. 
Jenneke. Jacobus Montagne, 

Engeltje Nieuwkerk, 

j. d. 
Andreas. Andries Marschalk, 

Theiintje Roome, syn 

h. v. 
M a r g a - Elias Ellis, Sara Peers, 
rietje. syn h. v. 

Jilles. Jilles Maundeviel, 

Rachel Hoppe, syn h.v. 

Gerrit. Gerrit Heyer, Sara Bos, 

syn h. v. 
Pieter. Jacob Phenix, Hester 

Roome, j. d. 

Annetje. Victoor Bicker, Junior, 

Annetje Turk, syn n. v. 

Johannes. Isaac Van Deusen, 
Annatje Waldron, syn 
h. v. 

Richard. John Cruger, Rachel 
Cuyler, j. d. 

Gerardus. Abraham Boelen, Cath- 
arina Clarkson, j. d. 



1892.] Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. j?r 



A 1738. 



25. Benjamin Kierstede, 
Jenneke Blom. 

31. Cornells B u 1 se n , 
Antje Terhiiyne. 

Elbert Haring, 
Elisabet Bogert. 

W i lie m Corcelius, 
Elisabet Vreden- 
biirer. 



Jany. 1. Folkert Oothoiit, 
Catherina Ridder. 

17. Andries Van Albadi, 
Annaatje M o n- 
tanje. 
Isaak Boke, Bregje 
Roome. 



HINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Benjamin. Abraham Kip, Elisabet 
Van Dam, h. v. van 
Jacobus Kierstede. 

Cornells. Alexander Bulsen, Nellie 
Biilsen, h. v. van 
Cornells Van Vechten. 

Petrus. Petrus Bogert, j.m., Belitje 

Bogert, j. d. 

Jiirrian. Pieter Corcelius, j. m., 

Maria Corcelius, j. d. 

A 1739. 

Hendrik. Robert Livingston, 
Junior, Maria Thong, 
syn h. v. 

Abraham. Isaac Montanje, Rachel 
Cortregt, syn h. v. 

Isaak. Dirk Bensen, Catlvntje 

Boke, svn h. v. 



L553-J 



Jan Canon, Junior, 
Jeriisa Sands. 

Caspariis Blank, 

Marritje Andriesse. 

24. Adam Coning, 

Marytje Pier. 
28. Steenwyk de Riemer, 
Catharina Roose- 
velt. 
31. Abraham Blank, 
Junior, Sara Bart- 
let. 

Jacobus Roosevelt, 
Catharina Harden- 
broek. 

Simson Benson, 
Elisabet Willemse. 

Abel Hardenbroek, 
Annetje Elsworth. 

Feby. 4. Johannes Deenmark, 
Rachel Beekman. 
Laurens Lammerse, 
Lea Brass. 

Francis Misnard, 
Aaltje Van Deusen. 



Maria. Andreas Canon, Catha- 

rina Canon, j. d. 

Andries. Thomas Pool, Elisabet 

Blank, syn h. v. 

Abraham. Johannes Koning, 
Marytje Koning, j. d. 

Petrus. Richard Ashfield, Eleanor 

de Key, Wed e Van 
Joseph Morris. 

Abraham. Abraham Blank. Hester 
Blank, h. v. van Abra- 
ham Mills. 

Christoffel. Jacobus Roosevelt, Junior, 
Helena Roosevelt, h. v. 
van Andrew Barclay. 

Simson. Harmanus Benson, 

Claasje Benson, Wed" 
Van Schot. 

Annetje. Willem Elsworth, Junior, 

Elisabet Elsworth, h. v. 
van Philip Perot. 

Henriciis. Maiirits de Hart, Elisa- 
bet Viele, j. d. 

Tryntje. Johannes Pauliisse, 

Tryntje Van Deurssen, 
syn h. v. 

Jacob. Daniel Misnard, Elisabet 

Misnard, j. d. 



I ? 6 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [July, 



A 1739- 



Pieter Brouwer, Elisa- 
bet Quackenbos. 



Cornells B og a a r t , 
Catharina Kip. 

7. Marten B o g^a a r t , 
Christina Persel. 
Francois Marschalk, 
Anneke Lynsen. 



Everardus. 



Maria. 



Chriutina. 

Joost, 

Johannes ; 
tweelinger. 



23. Nathaniel Hinson, Anna. 
Elisabeth Mar- 
schalk. 

25. Johannes Douvebag, Christina. 
Christina Herder. 

Fredrik Webbers, Trynjje. 
Helena Banta. 

Maert 1. Gideon Lynse, Jan- Johannes, 
netje Herris. 

Jan Goelet, Jannetje Andries. 

Canon. 
Johannes Van Pieter. 
<— Deiisen, Geertje 

Minthorn. 
11. Matthys Ott, Maria Frans. 
Philippina Paulin. 



14. Jacob Trimper, Anna 
Maria Peffer. 
John Marshall, Elsje 
Rutgers. 



Benjamin Quackenbos, 
Ariaantje Webbers, h. 
v. van Johannes Van 
Norden. 

Willem Bogaart, Hille- 
gond Jorisse Van 
Home, syn h. v. 

Thomas Persel, Lea 
Persel, j. d. 

Joost Lynsen, Annatje 
Turk, h. v. van Johan- 
nes Marschalk, Pieter 
Marschalk, Catlyntje 
Kip, syn h. v. 

Joh s . Marschalk, Anna 
Turk, z. h. v. 

Christiaan Hotiber, Coen- 
radina Mandebach, h. 
v. van Joh s Snoek. 

Wierd Banta, Tryntje 
Loots, h. v. v. Hendrik 
Banta. 

Henry Lawrens, Catha- 
rina Rutgers, h. v. v. 
Abr" Lynse. 

Jacobus Goelet, Maria 
Goelet, j. d. 

John Minthorn, Jannetje 
Elsworth, z. h. v. 



Johannes. 



18. Frederyk Fyn, 
Grachel Bensen. 
, [554.] 

Maert 1 8. Co rn el is Brouwer, Vincent. 
Hester Bodin. 
Jan de Boog, Vrouw- Elizabeth. 

tje Heyer. 
Isiac Stouwtenburg, Isaac. 
Anneke Daely. 
21. Baltiis Heyer, Sara Sara. 
Burger. 



Frans Walther, Christina 
Corselius, h. v. v. Joan 
Romich. 

Anna Christiaan Stoiiber, Anna 

Maria. Maria Hofman, z. h. v. 

Hermanmis. Hermanniis Rutgers, 

Junior, Catharina 

Kutgers, h. v. v. Abr m 

Home, Ju r . 

Jacobus Jansse, Margrietje 

Fyn, z. h. v. 



Vincent Bodin, Anneke 

V. Deursen, j. d. 
Jan Heyer, Annetje 

Stymets, zyn h. v. 
Jacobus Stouwtenburg, 

Maria Turk, z. h. v. 
Carste Burger, Sara Wal- 

dron, z. h. v. 



1 892. J Rvcords of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. 



m 



A° 1739. OUDERS. 

Lucas K i e r s t e d e, 
Marytje Rykman. 

Gerard Beekman, 
Catherina Provoost. 
25. Jacob Brouwer, Maria 
de La Noy. 
W i 1 1 e m Huppe, 
Elisabeth Van 
Norden. 
April 1. Johannes Appel, 
Maria Wilkesse. 

Pieter Band, Maria 

Wilkesse. 
8. Abraham Paalding, 

Maria Cousyn. 
Willem E 1 sw o rth, 

Marytje Van 

Grumme Burger. 
15. Andries Varik, Aafje 

Ten Eyk. 
Cornells Van Rantst, 

Geertriiy Sebring. 
18. Cornells Kortrecht, 

Hester Canon. 
LoiitwigCraen, Maria 

For. 
Nicolaus Goiiverneur, 

Geertriiy Reinders. 
M a 1 1 h y s Cankling, 

Sophia Meeby. 
22. Luis Tebo?, Maria 

Fiele. 
Isaak Van H o e k . 

Aafje Van Schayk. 

29. Salomon Day, 
Dorette Haal. 



May 



2. Jacobus de Hart, 
Elisabeth Maurits. 

6. Willem Peek, Fem- 
metje Douwe. 

13. Abraham de La Noy, 
Jannetje Rome. 



KINDERS. GETU\V.EN. 

Johannes. Jacobus Rykman, Sara 

Kierstede, h.v. v. Pieter 

V. Raup. 
Catharina. D" Reynhert Erigson, 

Maria Provoost, z. h. v. 
Jannetje. Abraham de La Noy, 

Jannetje Rome, z. h. v. 
Elisabeth. Jacob Van Norden, Car- 

styntje Zabrisco. 

Margrietje. Jan Wilkesse, Sara 

Wilkesse, h. v. v. Joh s 

Poel. 
Willemytje. Johannes Band, Elizabeth 

Band, j. d. 
Cornelius. Jan Ekkerson, Sara Dyer, 

z. h. v. 
Nelletje. James Darey, Marytje 

Elsworth, z. h. v. 

Jacobus. Jacobus Varik, Maria 

Brestede, z. h. v. 
Cornelius. Lucas Romme, Aaltje 

Sebring, ?. h. v. 
Helena. Adolf Benson, Catharina 

Canon, j. d. 
Eva. W i 1 1 e m Snyder, Eva 

Hendrikse, z. h. v. 
Nicolaus. David Provoost, Helena 

Reinders, j. d. 
Helena. Petriis Rutgers, Helena 

Hoogland, z. h. v. 
Jannetje. Onfri Gons, Gerretje File, 

j. d. 
Evert. Hendriciis Bogaart, 

Neeltje Turk, h. v. v. 

Laurens Rome. 
Frans Haal, Margriete 

Francisco. 



Elizabeth, ge- 
boren den 
14 Febru- 
ary, 1738. 

Margrita. 



Catharina. 
Catharina. 



Balthazar de Hart, Elisa- 
beth Stevens, Wed. v. 
Jacob s Maurits. 

Hendrik Ryke, Rachel 
Peek, h. v. v. Arie 
Koning. 

Everardiis Brouwer, 
Cornelia de La Noy, 
z. h. v. 



138 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [July, 



A° I739. OUDERS. K1NDERS. 

16. Johannes V red e n - Maria. 

burg, J a n n e t j e 

Woedert. 
20. Johannes Meyer, Ide. 

Aaltje Rome. 

[555-1 

27. Willem Vredenburg, Matthys. 
Willemyntje Nak. 



31' 



Juny 



July 



17- 



27. 



Petrus de Mill, Fem- 
metje Valentyn. 

Jacobus Pieter 
Snyder, Elisabet 
Lot. 

Willem Laton, Mar- 
grietje Ketelhiiyn. 

Hendrik Van der 
Heill, Annatje 
Brestede. 

Johannes Pieterse, 
Catharina Haver. 

Abraham Ten Eyck, 
Jesyntje Berkelo. 

Gerrit Van Wagenen, 
Theiintje Van den 
Berg. 

Filkin Bordet Fleet- 
wood, Margrietje 
Cregier. 

William Coker, Elisa- 
bet Hendrik. 



Maria. 
Johannes. 

Susanna. 
Maria. 

Maria. 

Abraham. 

Willem. 

Jacobus. 

Henriciis. 



Johannes Gilbert, Marretje. 

Tjatje Van Kuiren. 
Evert Byvank, Maria Maria. 

Cannon. 

Pieter White, Jan- Elsje. 

netje Carsten. 
Simson B e n s e n , Tryntje. 

Tryntje Peek. 
Benjamin Deland, Abraham. 

Elisabet Vreden- 

biirg. 
Abraham Blank, Jacob. 

Maria Laurens. 

Jan Gacherie, Maria Abraham. 
Haasbroek. 

Asa King, Anna Richard. 
Cregier. 



GETUYGEN. 

Johannes Van Wyk, 
Catharina Douwe, z. 
h. v. 

Ide Myer, Annatje Ger- 
ritse, z. h. v. 

Willem Corcelius, Elisa- 
bet Vredenburg, syn 
h. v. 

Johannes Van Syse, En- 
geltje Appel, syn h. v. 

Johannes Remmi, Maria 
Cortiliiis, j. d. 

Benjamin Jarvis, Marytje 

Koning, syn h. v. 
Harmanus Rutgers, Re- 

bekka Onkelbag, Wed. 

van Burger Sipke. 
Antony Casper, Margriet 

Kemmer, syn h. v. 
Daniel Waldron, Marytje 

Pels, syn h. v. 
Willem Roseboom, Sara 

Roseboom, h. v. van 

Jacobus Quik. 
Martinus Ciegier, Mar- 
grietje Van Dalsen, 

svn h. v. 
Henriciis de Fore est, 

Anna Churcher, Wed. 

van Robert Coker. 
Huzael Van Kuiren, Mar- 
retje Ryke, syn h. v. 
Pieter Cannon, Wil- 

helmina Schermer- 

hoorn, syn h. v. 
A d o 1 p h Bras, Marytje 

Carsten, syn h. v. 
Johannes Peek, Tryntje 

Ellaken, syn h. v. 
Willem Vredenburg, 

Apolonia Vredenburg, 

h. v. van James Boyes. 
Isaak Blank, Sara Bartlet, 

h. v. van Abraham 

Blank, Junior. 
Gerrit Van Wagenen, 

Judith Gacherie, Wed. 

van Lucas Braisier. 
Simon Cregier, Anna 

Van Oort, syn h. v. 



1892.] Zabriskie Notes. 



J 39 



ZABRISKIE NOTES. 
By Richard Wynkoop. 



(Continued from Vol. XXIII., p. 33. of The Record.) 

Children of Albert C. (78), and Frances Wes/ervelt. 

157. Maria; b. Nov. 29, 1779, bap. Hackensack, Dec. 11. 

158. Christian; b. Aug. 12, 1785, bap. Hackensack, Sept. 4. 

159. Helena E. ; b. Mch. 30, 1789, bap. Hackensack, April 19. 

Children 0/ John C. (So), and Rachel Van Zaan. 

160. Magdalena ; b. Jan. 7, 1787, bap. Hackensack. Jan. 29. 

161. Hester; b. June 4, 1791, bap. June 26, Schraalenburgh. 

Children 0/ Jacob C. (81), and Maria Brevoort. 

162. Christian Brevoort ; b. June 29, 1801, bap. July 19, Schraalen- 
burgh. 

163. John ; b. Mch. 20, 1806 ; bap. Apl. 6. 

164. Henry Brevort ; b. Dec. 5, 1808 ; bap. Dec. 26. 

165. Jacob Brinkerhoff ; b. May 24, 181 1, bap. June 16. 

166. Maria Stoutenburgh ; b. July 2, 1813, bap. July 25. 

167. Albert; b. Apl. 11, (1815?) bap. Apl. 27. 

168. Jacob Westervelt; twin ; b. and bap. as above. 

169. Helen Voorhees ; b. Oct. 10, 1819, bap. Oct. 31. 

170. Catharine Jane ; b. June 14, 1822, bap. July 7. 

Children of Joost (84), and Maria . 

171. Casparis ; bap. July 19, 1772, Paramus. 

172. Antje ; bap. Dec. 26, 1775. 

Children of Joost (88), and Rachel Zabriskie (124). 

173. Albert; b. June 13, 1785, bap. June 26, Schraalenburgh ; d- 
June 3, 1853 ; m. Heyltje Van Beuren. 

174. Jacob ; b. Oct. 27, 1787, bap. Nov. 18 ; d. June 2, 1857 ; twice 
married. 

175. Benjamin; b. Apl. 12, 1789, bap. Apl. 19; d. May 26, 1833 ; 
m. Katie Gerritse, who afterwards was wife of Jerolemon. 

176. Henry; b. Mch. 26, 1791, bap. Apl. 10, Hackensack ; d. July 
20, 1 79 1. 

177. Gertrude ; b. Sept. 20, 1792, bap. Oct. 14, Schraalenburgh ; m. 
to Simeon Van Riper. 

178. Henry; b. Oct. 24, bap. Nov. — I7y4 or 1795 ; d. Nov. 22, 
1862 ; m. Jan. 29, 181 5, Margareitje Kuyper, b. Sept. 6, 1798 ; d. May 
22, 1877. 

179. Joost; b. Dec. 23, 1798, bap. Jan. 20, 1799 ; d. Feb. 22,1875 ; 
m. Elizabeth Heyler. 



140 Zabriskie Notes. [J u '}'» 

Child of Jasper (89), and Hannah Vreeland. 

180. Michal ; b. May 31, 1785, bap. Bergen ; prob. m. Jane Acker- 
man. 

Children 0/ Christian J. (109), and Maria Terheun. 

181. Jacob; m. Elizabeth , (Elizabeth Hopper ? Aug. 11, 1792, 

Hackensack). 

182. (A daughter) ; m. to R. Paulison. 

183. Maria; bap. Apl. 15, 1771, Paramus. 

184. Catrina ; bap. Apl. 30, 1775; mother " Palle " (Polly?) 
Terheun. 

185. Eelena ; bap. Aug. 10, 1777, Schraalenburgh. 

186. Cornelius ; bap. Mch. 25, 1784, Paramus. 

Children of Christian (112), and Martina . 

187. Andrew; bap. Dec. 24, 1779, Paramus; m. Mary Ryerson. 

188. Cornelius; m. Maria Hopper. 

189. Abraham; bap. May 3, 1791, mother "Maria"; m. 

Zabriskie. 

190. Catharine; m. to John Anderson. 

191. James C prob.: m. Apl. 20, 1826, N. Bruns., Elizabeth W. 
Mann. 

Children of Carponus Bogerl and Jane (113). 

192. Cornelius C. 

193. Elizabeth ; m. to William Pell. 

Children of Henry (114), and Elizabeth Goelchius. 

194. Albert; b. Sept. 9, 1768 ; bap. Oct. 16, Schraalenburgh. 

195. Maria ; b. July 17, 1771, bap. Aug. 4. 

196. Jannetje ; b. Mch. 2, 1775 ; bap. Mch. 26. 

Children of Abram A. (117), and Maria . 

197. Albert ; bap. Jan. 11, 1773 ; Paramus. 

198. Elizabeth ; bap. Sept. 13, 1776. 

199. Jacob ; bap. Apl. 6, 1777 ; Schraalenburgh. 

200. Jan; bap. May 19, 1782. 

201. Gerrit ; bap. Sept. 11, 1785; Paramus. 

202. Aaltje ; b. July 3, 1787. 

203. Abraham; b. Feb. 17, 1792, bap. Feb. 26. 

Children of Henry J. (118) and Wilhelmina Leydecker. 

204. Magdalena ; bap. Feb, 6, 1773, Paramus. 

205. Cornelis ; bap. July 14, 1776, 

206. Leidia ; b. Aug. 17 ; bap. Sept. 10, 1780, Schraalenburgh ; 
mother " Wyntje. " 

207. Natie ; b. June 18 ; bap. July 6, 1783. 



1892.] Zabriskie Notes. 1 4 1 

20S. Eliesabeth ; bap. Aug. 13, 1786. 

209. Margrietje ; b. July 4 ; bap. Aug, 16, 1789. 

210. Gerret ; b. Mch. 18; bap. April 1, 1792. 

211. John ; b. May 15 ; bap. May 30, 1795. 

212. Maria : b. Sept. 20 ; bap. Oct. 8, 1797. 

213. John; bap. Mch. 15, 1801. 

Children 0/ Alter 1 (122), and Maria Westervelt. 

214. Albert (possibly) ; b. Nov. 20, 1791 ; bap. Dec. 31, Hacken- 
sack ; father " Geeryt." 

215. Elizabeth; b. April 17, 1796; bap. Hackensack ; father 
''Albert ; " d. May 20, 1877 ; m. to Samuel Van Wagoner ; b. Jan. 25, 
1792 ; d. Aug. 13, 1864. 

216. Peter; b. July 9, 1798; bap. Aug. 5, Tappan ; m. Jan. 5, 
1822, Anna Haring. 

217. Catholyntje ; b. July 3, 1809; bap. July 3, Paramus, 
"Caroline " : m. to Gilliam Zabriskie (275), of Paramus. 

Children of Jacob C. Banta. and Lavina (125). 

218. Cornelius; bap. Aug. 6, 1789; m. Oct. 29, 1814, Elizabeth 
Berry. 

219. Jacob; bap. Jan. 9, 1792; m., 1st, Maria Williams; 2nd, 
Sept. 11, 1836, Hannah Reed. 

220. Martyntje ; b. Jan. 15, 1794; m. Feb. 28, 1S17, to Nicholas 
L. Ackerman. 

221. Albert Zabriskie ; b. Nov. 24, 1798 ; d. Aug. 31, 1854 ; m., 
1st, Sarah Ann Sayre, d. Sept. 6, 1839, dau. of Calvin Sayre ; m., 2nd, 
Mary Anne Hopper Skaats. 

222. John ; bap. Mch. 10, 1802 ; m., 1822, Elizabeth Campbell. 

223. Garret Lansing ; bap. June 4, 1804 ; d. Aug. 22, 1804. 

224. Wyntje ; bap. Jan. 16, 1S06 ; m. Dec. 25, 1822, to David D. 
Demarest. 

Children of Abraham (128), and Susanna Helm. 

225. Rachel; b. June — , 1801. 

226. Jannetje ; b. July 5, 1804 ; bap. July 28, Schraalenburgh. 

227. Sara ; b. May 28, 1806 ; bap. June 22. 

228. Wyntje; b. Aug. 27, 1808 ; bap. Oct. 16. 

Sixth Generation. 
Child of Jan (143), and Jane . 



229. Jacob ; b. Nov. 3, 1796; bap. Dec. 4, Hackensack. 

Children of Abraham Van Deusen, and Sarah (147). 

230. Helena. 

231. Cornelia. 

232. Elizabeth. 

235. Catharine ; m. to Isaac Conklin. 



1^2 Zabriskie Notes. [July, 

Children of Rtv. John L. (148), and Sarah Barrea. 

234. John Barrea, physician ; b. Greenbush, N.Y., April 25, 1805 ; 
d. Feb. 8, 1848, Flatbush, Long Island ; m. Oct. 13, 1830, Abby 
Lefferts Lott, b. April 12, 181 1. Grad. Union Col., 1823 ; lie. to prac- 
tice med. Nov. 2, 1826 ; degree of M.D., Univ. Pa., April 6, 1827 ; 
practiced in New York City ; removed to New Lots, and finally to Flat- 
bush. Here he became possessed of an ancient house, mentioned 
below. 

235. Abraham Oothout, Chancellor; b. June 10, 1807, Greenbush ; 
d. lune 23, 1873, while traveling in California ; m. 1st, in 1836, 
Sarah Augusta Pell (304) ; m., 2nd, Jan. 28, 1858, Julia M. Halsey. 
Grad. Col. N. J., 1825 ; adm. to Bar, 1828 ; lived two years at Newark, 
and nineteen at Hackensack ; member of the State Senate, from Jersey 
City, 1851 ; Chancellor in 1866, and died shortly after his term had 
expired. 

A chart of a part of the Zabriskie family, prepared by him, was pub- 
lished by Peter L. Schenck, M.D., as an Appendix, to a Historical Sketch 
of the Zabriskie Homestead, at Flatbush, Brookhn, 1881. The present 
writer has made full rise of the chart, but has revised many of the dates, 
and some of the names. 

236. Mary A. 

237. Catharine S. ; m. to H. Starr. 

Child of Walter Van Vighten, and Catharine (149). 

238. Anne M. 

Children of Peter Z. Elmendurf '(150), and Jlfaria Van Veghten. 

239. Margaret ; m. to Samuel Sloan. 

240. Elizabeth ; m. to Wyckoff. 

241. Mary; m. to Hoffman. 

Child of F. Vanderveer , and Maria Elmendorf (151). 

242. Margaret; m. to William L. Dayton. 

Child of Ltivis Condit, and Martina Elmendorf (152). 

243. Martina ; m. to — * Brandige. 

Children of fames B. Elmendorf (154), and E. Frelinghuysen. 

244. James T. 

245. Sarah Frelinghuysen ; b. May 16, 1819 : m. Oct. 2, 1844, to 
Francis Silvester Wynkoop, b. Nov. 6, 181 5, New York City. She died 
Dec. 28, 1 89 1. 

246. Anne. 

247. Edmund. 

248. Mary. 



)2.] Zabriskie Notes. 



143 



Children 0/ George (156), and Susan V. C. Romeyn. 

249. Frances Anna; b. Oct. 20, 1812 ; d. Feb. 8, 1831. 

250. Susan Maria ; b. Oct. 30, 1814 ; m. to John A. C. Gray. 

251. Albert; b. March 1, 1817 ; d. Dec. 4, 1854 ; m. Catherine E. 
Monell ; now living. 

252. James Romeyn; b. June 22, 1819 ; d. Mch. 30, 1884; m. 
Mary Clarke. 

253. Sarah Nicoll ; b. Oct. 21, 1821 ; d. Oct, 14, 1S25. 

254. Julianna Margaret Woodhull ; b. Apl. 4, 1824 ; m. to Charles 
F. Hunter. 

255. George Isaac Nicoll; b. Sept. 18, 1826; d. Apl. 13, 1878; 
m. Elizabeth Moore Blauvelt ; now living. 

256. Sarah Nicoll; b. Oct. 13, 1828; d. Dec. 1, 1S58 ; m. to 
James Lawrence Woodward. 

257. Francis Nicoll, Rev. ; b. Apl. 29, 1832 ; in. June 4, 1863, 
Maria Reed; grad. Univ. N. Y., 1850; N. B. Sem., 1855; Livingston 
Ch., N. V. City, 1856-59; Coxsackie, 1859-63; Ithaca, 1S63-66 ; 
Claverack, 1866-72 ; Saybrook, Conn., 1872-76 ; Wollaston Heights, 
Mass., 1S76-80; Editor, 1880-83, of tne Christian Intelligencer. 
Engaged in literary work, and living at Princeton, N. J., from 1885. 
Author of various published works, among them a biography of Horace 
Greeley. (See Manual Ref. Church.) Died at Princeton, N. J., May 13, 
1891. 

258. Elizabeth Nicoll; b. Oct. 24, i'§35 ; m. to Rev. Ezra Warren 
Collier, b. Plymouth, Mass., Nov. 10, 1826; Rutgers Col., 1848; N. B. 
Sem., 1854; He. S. CI. N. Y., 1854; Manhattan Ch., N. Y. City, 
1854-56 ; Freehold, 2nd, 1856-66 ; Coxsackie, 2nd, 1866-67, and 
retired because of ill-health ; d., Aiken, S. C, Dec. 5, 1869. Author of 
various published works. (See Manual Ref. Church.) 

Children of Christian (15S), and Classis. 

259. Albert C. ; m. Maria Van Saur. 

260. John C. ; m. Sarah J. Board. 

261. Christian ; m. Susette Lemair. 

Children 0/ Benjamin (175), and Katie Gerritse. 

262. Joost ; b. Sept. 4, 181 1 ; bap. Oct. 20, Passaic. 

263. Annaetje ; b. Feb. 8, 1813 ; bap. Mch. 7. 

Children of Henry (178), and Margaret Kuyper. 

264. Josiah ; b. Jan. 1, 1816 ; d. Sept. 10, 1817. 

265. Albert Kuyper ; b. May 6, 1817 ; d. Nov. 12, 1853. 

266. Rachel; b. Apl. 22, 1820; d. May 8, 1848. 

267. Maria; b. May 7, 1821. 

268. Gitty ; b. June 15, 1823; d. Nov. 6, 1S23. 

,269. Josiah Henry ; b. Jan. 17, 1829, New Milford, Bergen Co., N.J. ; 
m. Aug. 10, 1852, at Ponipton Plains, Sarah Matilda Mandeville, b. 
Pompton Plains, Dec. 26, 1832. Principal of Public School, No. 16, 
New York City ; lives at Mount Vernon, Westchester County. 



j 44 Zabriskie Notes. [J U L V > 

Children offoost (179), and Elizabeth Heyler. 

270. Josiah ; b. Dec. 25, 1818, bap. Ferpenny Ch., Montville. 

271. Abraham Hiler ; b. May 19, 1821, baptized at the same place. 

Child of Michael (180), and Jane Ackerman. 

272. Albert M. ; b. May 31, 1808; m. Oct. 9, 182S, Anne La 
Tourette. 

Children of Jacob (181), and Elizabeth {Hopper/). 

273. Christian; b. Jan. 6, 1798, bap. Feb. 5, Paramus. 

274. Stephen. 

275. Gilliam ; m. Caroline Zabriskie (217). 

Child of R. Paulison, and (182). 

276. Richard R. 

Children of Andrew C. (187), and Mary Ryerson. 

277. Christian ; m. Sarah Jane Titus. 

278. Martin ; m. 1st, Anna E. Morris ; 2nd, Belle Kays. He 
adopted the spelling Zborowski. 

279. John Jacob ; m. Maria Bruhaus. 

280. Matila (Matilda?) ; m. to Martin Green. 

Children of Cornelius C. (188), and Maria Hopper. 

281. Mary; m. to Isaac Z. 

282. Matila (Matilda) ; m. to Peter Board. 

283. Catharine Lans (Lansing ?) ; b. Nov. 22, 1814, bap. Mar. 5, 
1 8 1 5, Paramus: m. to Wessel Wessels. 

284. Christian Andrew ; b. Feb. 25, 1804, bap. Apl. 1. 

Children of John Anderson, and Catharine (190). 

285. David J. 

286. John C. 

287. Maria Berrv. 

288. Anne Parsons. 

Children of James C. (191), and Elizabeth W. Mann. 

289. Mary Breyoort ; bap. Oct. 13, 1827, New Brunswick. 

290. James. 

291. Alexander. 

292. [No name] bap. Sept. 20. 1834. 

293. [No name] bap. Oct. 2, 1836. 



H5 



1892.] Zabriskie Notes. 

Children 0/ Cornelius C. Bogert (192), and . 

294. David. 

295. Andrew. 

296. Caspar. 

297. Maria ; m. to John Quackenbosch. 

298. Kate ; m. to Westervelt. 

Children of William Pell, and Elizabeth Bogert (193). 

299. John B. ; m. Susan A. Aycrigg. 

300. William W. ; m. Antoinette Varick. 

301. Jeannette ; m. to John C. Bogert. 

302. Eliza ; m. to Jacob J. Zabriskie, and d. Jan. 26, 1892 (widow). 

303. Caspar; m. Anna M. Ackerman. 

304. Sarah Augusta ; b. Sept. 8, 1810 ; d. Apl. 3, 1845 ; m. Apl. 6, 
1836, to Abraham 0. Zabriskie (235). 

Children of Peter (216), and Anna Haring. 

305. James ; b. Oct. 6, 1822 ; m. 1st Eliza A. Voorhees ; 2nd, 
Leah Demarest. 

306. Maria. 

307. Albert,- b. Oct. 8, 1828. 

308. John; b. Feb. 4, 1831 ; m. Maria Gardenier. 

309. Jacob; b. Mch. 5, 1835; d. Sept. 5, 1836. 

Children of Albert Z. Banta (221), and S. A. Sayre. 

310. Emily Maria; bap. Dec. 31, 1820; d. Feb. 3, 1S83. 

311. Lavina Matilda ; bap. July 23, 1822 ; d. Sept. 17, 1823. 

312. Sarah Jane ; bap. Jan. 4, 1824 ; m. to Horace Sill. 

313. Lavinia Matilda; bap. Nov. 17, 1825 ; d. Apl. 6, 1883. 

314. Albert; bap. Dec. 4, 1827; d. Sep. 7, 1832. 

315. William Sayre ; bap. Sept. 18, 1829; m. Mary Jane Torbett. 

316. Jacob Calvin; bap. July 25, 1831 ; m. Sarah Anne Hopper. 

317. Albert Zabriskie ; bap. Feb. 16, 1833 ; d. Sept. 5, 1839. 

318. Theodore Melvin ; bap. Nov. 23, 1S34 ; m. Cornelia Crane. 

319. Mary Caroline ; bap. Dec. 24, 1836; m. Rachel G. Cornell. 

320. Charles Henry; bap. Jan. 5, 1839 ; d. July 15. 1840. 

Seventh Generation. 
Children of Dr. fohn B. (234), and Abby L. Lot/. 

321. John Lloyd ; physician ; b. Aug. 26, 1831 ; m. June 6, 1861, 
Eliza B. Garvin, b. Mch. 17, 1836. Flatbush, L. I. 

322. Jeremiah Lott, Rev. ; b. Feb. 3, 1835 ; m. May 16, 1866, 
Sarah Lyles, b. June 23, 1843. Grad. Columbia Col. Law Dep., 1854 ; 
N. Bruns. Sem., 1863 ; Cuddebacksville, 1866-70: New Baltimore, 1870 — . 

323. Nicholas Lansing; b. Feb. 18, 1S38 ; m. June 28, 1865, 
Louise F. Morgan, b. Nov. 20, 1836. 



146 Zabriskie Notes. [July, 

324. Harriet Lvdia ; b. July 29, 1841; m. Jan. 2, 1862, to Rev. 
Robert G. Strong, b. Mch. 8, 1837. 

325. Sarah Barrea ; b. Jan. 17, 1845 i m ' June 1, 1871, to Chris- 
topher Prince, b. Nov. 17, 1839. 

Children of Abraham 0. (235), and Sarah A. Pell (304). 

326. Lansing; b. Apl. 20, 1837; m. Dec. 1, 1886, Elizabeth Driver, 
of Cambridge, Eng. Lawyer, in Jersey City ; d. New York, Mch. 29, 
1892. 

327. Abraham, Col. ; killed at the battle of Cold Harbor, Va., in 
May, 1864, aged 22 years. 

328. Augustus; b. Mar. 5, 1843; m. June, 1871, Josephine 
Booraem. Lawyer, in Jersey City. 

329. Sarah A. ; b. Dec, 1845; m., June. 1870, to the Count de 
Bille, now Danish Ambassador at the Court of St. James. 

Children of Francis S. Wynkoop, and Sarah F. Elmendorf (245). 

330. Mary Bruyn ; b. Aug. 18, 1850; m., Jan. 29, 1874, to Fred- 
erick A. Booth. 

331. Elizabeth Elmendorf; b. Oct. 16, 1853. 

332. Catharine ; b. Dec. 1, 1857 ; d. Apl. 26, 1863. 
HI. Henrietta; b. Apl. 3, 1S60. 

Children of Rev. Francis N. (257), and Maria Reed. 

334. Susan Romeyn ; b. Apl. 2,11864. 

335. Rebecca Reed ; b. Oct. 26, 1866. " 

336. Francis Nicoll, Jr. ; b. Nov. 8, 1873. 

Children of fosiah H. (269), and Sarah M. Mandeville. 

337. Jessie; b. June 24, 1861, at Mount Vernon, Westchester 
Co., N. Y. 

338. Henry Mandeville; b. Apl. 26, 1863; m. Feb. 13, 1882, 
Nora Elizabeth Sharp, at Thayer, Kansas. 

339. Charles Hutton ; b. Oct. 29, 1865; m. at Edna, Kansas, 
Mch. 1, 1892, Rose Lipscomb. 

340. Sarah Matilda; b. Jan. 27, 1868; m. June 24, 1890, to 
Hubert Schureman Wynkoop, b. Sept. 20, 1866, at Yonkers, N. Y. ; 
grad. Adelphi Academy, Brooklyn, 18S4, and Stevens Institute, Hoboken, 
1888, mechanical engineer; Minneapolis, Sept., 1888-Dec, 1889; 
Chicago, Dec, 1889-Nov., 1890; San Francisco, Dec, 1890-1891 ; and 
Atlanta, Ga., 1891, with the Edison General Electric Company. 

341. Edward Graham ; b. Apl. 14, 1870. 

Children of Albert M. (272), and Anne La Tourette. 

342. Albert A., Rev.; b. at Bergen Point, N. J., Apl. 11, 1843; 
grad. Rutgers Col, 1865 ; N. B. Sem., 1868 ; Farmer's Village, 1868-69 J 
Keyport, 1869-72; Preakness, 1872-78; Franklin Furnace, 1878-79, 



1892.] Cruger and Ha sell. \ 17 

where he organized a self-sustaining Dutch church ; to Europe in 
1880; Flatbush, Ulster Co., Nov., 1880-86; Free Reformed Dutch 
Church, Jersey City, 1886 — . Married Augusta Louisa, 3rd daughter ot 
StillmanE. Adams, M.D., of Elizabeth, N. J. 
343. David. Lives at Chicago. 



Children of Guilliam (275), and Caroline (217). 



344. Albert. 

345. Jacob. 

346. Peter. 

Children 0/ James (305), and Eliza A. Voorhees. 

347. Peter. 

348. Aaron. 

Child 0/ John (308), and Maria Gardenier. 

349. Anna ; m. to John Zabriskie, of Paterson. 

Children 0/ Theodore M. Banta (318), and Curnelia Crane. 

350. Arelee ; b. Sept. 2, 1863 ; d. Feb. 20, 1864. 

351. May ; b. May 1, 1865. 

352. Effie ; b. Oct. 3, 1867. 



CRUGER AND HASELL. 



By Bentley D. Hasell. 



COKKlM. II'jnk. 



Vol. III., page 82 of the Record gives the first child of John Cruger 
and Maria Cuyler as "Elizabeth," baptized June 9, 1703. This is a 
mistake. John Cruger married Maria Cuyler, March 5, 1703, and their 
first child was "Anna, "who was baptized April 2, 1704. The "Eliza- 
beth " above mentioned was, as stated, baptized June 9, 1703, but she 
was the daughter of "John Cruke " and "Gertruy de Haes" (see Vol. 
XV., p. S3). She was the onfy "Elizabeth" who was baptized on that 
day, or during that month, or even any of the three preceding months, 
according to the records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York, as 
published in the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 

Vol. VI., page 79, and also in the "Index to Names" of the same 
volume, the name of Hasell is incorrectly spelled as " Hasselle." The 
correct spelling is given, however, on page 181 of same volume. The 
spelling and pronunciation of the name Hasell (spelt with one "s" 
and pronounced Hazel) has not been changed for over three hundred 



1^3 Cruger and Hasell. [July, 

years, as can be attested by the family records, and the following extracts 
from the works of Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms. From his 
Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great 
Britain and Ireland, page 530 : 

" Lineage. The Hasells were first settled in Cambridgeshire where 
several burials of the family occur in the register of the Bottisham Church, 
in that county, as John Hasell in 1572 and Agnes his widow 23d Oct. 
1575, etc. . . . 

"Sir Edward Hasell, Knighted by King William III., was the first of 
the family, who settled in Cumberland ; — Dalemain being purchased 
by him, from the co-heiresses of the ancient family of De Laytons, in 
1665. ... Sir Edward was born 27th November 1642. He was 
the son of Rev. Edward Hasell, rector of Middleton Cheney, Co. 
Northampton, by Martha his wife, daughter of Dr. Henry Smith, mas- 
ter of Saint Mary Magdalen, Cambridge. . 

"Arms. Or on a fesse az. between three hazel nuts ppr as many 
Crescents arg 

"Crest. A squirrel arg. feeding on a hazel nut ppr encircled with 
hazel branches. "... 

Burke's Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Nollemen and Gen- 
try of Great Britain arid Ireland (pages 95 and 96) gives a descrip- 
tion of "Dalemain, in the county of Cumberland, Leath Ward, and 
parish of Dacre," from which the following extracts are made : .... 

"This Manor was formerly held of the barony of Greystock by Cor- 
nage; — that is, by blowing a horn to give notice of the Scottish inroads, 
and bv other services. " . 

Then follows a description of the place by the poet Gray, after which 
Burke coniinues the description as follows : 

"It is beautifully situated in a valley, high grounds crowned with 
woods, rise behind the house, that stands in the midst of an extensive 
park ; through which flows the river Eamont, — a lovely stream originat- 
ing in the Lake of Ullswater, about two miles off. The whole neigh- 
bourhood is exceedingly picturesque, and presents some of the most 
interesting scenes in the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, of 
which the river Eamont, and the largest portion of the Lake of Ulls- 
water, form the boundary. On the Westmoreland side of the lake is 
Martindale Forest, which is a part of the Dalemain Estate, and con- 
tains a herd of red deer." . 

The first of the Hasell family who came to America, was the Rev. 
Thomas Hasell, in 1705. He was the first Episcopal minister of the 
parish of St. Thomas and St. Dennis, in South Carolina. For a further 
description of his mission, reference can be made to Dalcho's History of 
the Church in South Carolina. 

Catharine de Nullv Cruger was the daughter of Nicholas Cruger and 
his wife, Mrs. Ann Heyward (born Trezevant), and granddaughter of 
Nicholas Cruger and his wife, Ann de Nullv, whose parents were Bertram 
Pierre de Nully and Catharine Heyliger. Catharine de Nully Cruger was 
born 12th September, 1806, and on the 2d of April, 1828, she was mar- 
ried by Bishop Bowen to Bentley Hasell of South Carolina. He was the 
son of George Paddon Bond Hasell and Penelope Beniley, who was the 
daughter of Bentley Gordon Bentley of Chipping Norton, England, and 
Penelope Bentley, the latter being a descendant from Edward Bentley, 



1892.] The Diodati Tomb in the Church of S. Giovanni at Lucca. \ iq 

Esquire, who resided at Little Kingston, Warwickshire, England, previous 
and subsequent to the year 1595. 

Alexander Gordon, the father of Bentley Gordon Bentley, also married 
a Miss Penelope Bentley, and by act of Parliament his name was changed 
to Alexander Gordon Bentley, at the request of his aunts, in order that he 
might inherit a large portion of the Bentley estates. 

The grandparents of Bentley Hasell were Andrew Hasell (son of 
Andrew, who was the son of the Rev. Thomas Hasell, who came to 
America in 1705, and was the first rector of the parish of St. Thomas and 
St. Dennis in South Carolina), and his wife Mary, daughter of General 
Job Milner of the British army, who married Mary Bond, daughter of 
Jacob Bond and his wife, Susan Maybanks. Bentley Hasell died May 
4, 1836, aged twenty-nine years, and his wife, Catharine de Nully Cruger, 
died January 28, 1870. They are both buried in the family vault jointly 
built by William Bard, Esq., and Mr. Ferdinand Sands, in St. Mark's 
churchyard, New York City. They left two children surviving : 

I. Benti.ey Douglas Hasell, born February 27, 1829; married 
Hannah (daughter of Judge Jesse Morgan), who died May 1, 1875, leav- 
ing one son surviving — Lewis Cruger Hasell, who married Miss Mary 
Mason Jones of New York City. 

II. Lewis Cruger Hasell, M.D., born December 28, 1S30; died 
July 24, 1889 ; married Catharine, daughter of Colonel Joshua John 
Ward and Joanna Douglas Hasell, both of South Carolina. She died 
26th February, 1862, leaving one daughter, Joanna Douglas Hasell, who 
married J. Lawrence Gantt of South Carolina. 



THE DIODATI TOMB IN THE CHURCH OF S. GIOVANNI. 



By Frederick DioriATi Thompson, LI..B. 



One of the most stately and beautiful mural monuments in the little 
walled city of Lucca, of which a photograph accompanies this paper, is 
that of the family of Diodati, whose nobility has been granted in Italy, 
France, and the Holy Roman Empire. This family descends from Cor- 
nelio of that name who went to Lucca from Coreglia in the year 1300. 
For manygenerations the Diodati held high official positions and honors, 
several having been Gonfaloniers, one a Knight Templar, and Prior of 
Venice, besides a Major-General of the Emperor Ferdinand II., a General 
of Charles III., of Spain, while others held important diplomatic, civil, 
and professional offices in Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Holland, and Eng- 
land. Charles Diodati was the bosom friend of Milton, while Count 
Jean Diodati was the intimate companion of Lord Byron. Byron, it will 
be remembered, wrote the "Prisoner of Chillon " while residing at the 
Villa Diodati near Geneva. The Emperor Charles V. was the god- 
fa.ther of Carolo Diodati who was baptized by Pope Paul III., while Rev. 
Jean Diodati, a distinguished and learned Protestant divine, translated 
the Bible into both French and Italian. This familv has become extinct 



I tq Translation of an Original Letter from Johan De Witt. [July, 

in two branches in Lucca, in one in Holland, one in England, and one 
in Switzerland. At present the Counts of Diodati of Geneva are the only 
male representatives, while in America there are descendants only in the 
female line. The ancient home of the family in Lucca is now the 
property of Count Orsetti, but the Diodati arms still remain over the two 
principal entrances. By a charter from Joseph II. all the titles and 
dignities of the family are recognized in magnificent terms and the 
title of Count of the Empire is confirmed to all members of the family 
both in the male and female line. Permission was also given to display 
the arms on the imperial double-headed eagle. 



TRANSLATION OF AN ORIGINAL LETTER FROM JOHAN 
DE WITT TO THE COUNCIL OF THE ADMIRALTY OF 
ZEELAND RESIDING AT M1DDELBURGH.* 

Noble Mighty Lords, the Committee of the Council of the Admiralty 
of Zeeland, residing at Middelburgh. 

Noble AIighty Lords. Yesterday the weather being fine, and the 
fleet being obliged to tarry before this coast, we signalled all the Captains 
on board of the Admirals of the respective ^quadroons, in order to learn, 
in how far they would be able to comply with the order of the High 
Mighty Lords the States General, to take in provisions for three more 
months of outside service. And whereas we foresaw that, in regard to 
this matter, there would be found several grave defects, we at the same 
time ordered that all the Captains should be instructed by the aforesaid 
Admirals to pertinently put in writing what they should need, in order to 
hold out the aforesaid three months, vis till the (second) half of Novem- 
ber. We also ordered that some of the Flute-ships and Galliots loaded 
with water and firewood shall be lighted by the ships of the Collegium of 
the Admiralty, or the Chambers of the East India Company, which had 
already taken some of the cargoes of the aforesaid vessels, for as far as 
such was necessary. It being our intention to return the empty Flutes 
and Galliots as soon as possible to the fatherland, in order again to be 
reloaded with other necessary provisions. We can provisionally state that 
the most pressing needs will be beer and water ; but because at present 
the weather is rather stormy we cannot make much headway with the 
aforesaid work, much less finish it as we wish to. Neither can we know 
when the sea and the wind will permit us to do so. We therefore, for the 
good of the country, have thought it necessary to provisionally propose to 
Your High Mightinesses, if they would not, upon receipt of the present, 
think it well to have brewed a large quantity of beer in advance. This 
could be shipped in a good vessel and kept in readiness in the Goeree 
pass. This is, according to our ideas, the more necessary because in 
some vessels of the fleet the beer begins to smell bad and there are ample 
reasons to fear that such will also follow in other ships, because all the 
water taken in at the Texel is becoming foul and because the aforesaid 

* The original is now owned by George G. DeWitt, Jr., of New York. 



1 892. J Weddings at St. Mary, Whiiechapel, London. ,„ 

beer, having been brewed in the dog days, or at least during the heat of 
the summer, cannot keep well. Herewith Noble High Lords, we pray 
that God Almighty may keep your Noble Mightinesses in his holy pro- 
tection. 

Done in the ship Delfflandt, before the Coast of Norway, to the South 
of Bergen, about 3 miles away from the shore. 

August 30, 1665. 

Herewith goes an abstract of our resolutions of yesterday, taken in 
regard to the aforementioned subject, which we have resolved to send your 
Noble Mightinesses for their information. 

Of Your Noble Mightinesses the good friends : the deputed Plenipo- 
tentiaries of the High Mighty Lords States General of the United Nether- 
lands, in the country's fleet aforesaid. 

Johan DeWit, 1665. 
For legalisation of the same 

J. S. Twonssen. 



WEDDINGS AT ST. MARY, WHITECHAPEL, LONDON, 
FROM A.D. 161 5 TO 1625. 



Communicated by John V. L Pruyn. 



(Continued from Vol. XXIII., p. 47. of The Record.) 

[Blank] Allen Dawes & Anne Squire. 
13, Jonas Bennet & Joane March. 

13, Robert Wilson & Joane Partridge. 

14, William Lorder & Margery Eaton. 
21, James Yong & Edith Wall. 

23, William Shippey & Elizabeth Greene. 
27, John Harris & Judith Staynor. 
27, Robert Merrit & Marion Stafford. 

27, Christopher Hasnet & Susan Parker. 

28, William Pye & Joane Polley. 

January 1624. 

- 1, Richard Perry & Susan Pollard. 

6, Thomas Peirce & Joane Caide. 

9, John Sargesson & Joane Robinson. 

9, John Pope & Rebeckah Hills. 

10, Edward Lonsdell &: Dorithy Sargent. 

11, John ffrost & Elizabeth Wright. 
20, John Wilkins & Elizab : Caverley. 

23, Marmaduke Longworth & Alice Barnes. 
27, John Bunn & Cristian Storrey. 
30, William Smyth & Mary Brookes. 

ffebruary 1624. 

1, William fflyd & Alice Ingle.' 

4, Thomas Hunt & Mary Waylett. 



jr 2 Weddings at St. Mary, Whiieckapel, London. [July, 

7, William Godfrey & Susan Richards. 

8, Ellis Price &: Jane Devers. 

17, Tho : Brodwater & ffrances Hobart. 

22, Henry Tilsley & Virgin Peele. 

24, John ffell [&] Sarah Ward. 

24, Tohn Berry & Mary Wood. 

24, Roger Eaglen &: Elizab : Spicer. 

24, Richard Pardy [&] Elizab : Walker. 

27, Edward Child & Joyce Carpenter. 

28, Richard Cooper & Joyce Corey. 

March 1624. 

17, Tristram Wise <S: Alice Heard. 

Aprill 1625. 

18, Edward Jervis and Anne Center. 
18, William Seele & Margaret fflood. 
18, Henry Walker and Anne Markland. 
18, John Harrisson & Margaret Mathewes. 
18, Richard Shepheard & Jane Joyne. 

18, Thomas Robinson & Joyce Jennings. 

19, John Henworth and Margaret Cvn. 
19, ffrancis Congden and Phillis Preston. 
21, ffrancis White and Alice Nott. 

26, Walter Colman and Jane Gvy. 

May 1625. 
9, William Walmsley and Susan Tweedy. 

15, Humphrey Torte & Anne Grymshaw. 

26, John Canes and Sarah Jordan. 

27, Thomas Brett and Lidia Wilkin. 

28, William fferbanke and Agnes Mason. 

Jvne 1625. 

4, Leonard Bromley & Elizab : Searle. 

5, William Howse and Agnes Darling. 

6, Henry Bowland & Anne Lvcas. 

7, Deodat Pinchin & Thomazin Blofeild. 

8, ffrancis Hulin and Elizabeth Byrchet. 
8, James Sabus and Mary Cater. 

8, William Litleboy and Joane Smyth. 

9, Thomas Barret and Judith Gaskin. 

9, William Wrackett and Mary Browne. 

12, John Vowell and ffrancis Chatterton. 

12, Daniell Harris and Jane Haynes. 

16, Richard Bradley & Margaret Chad. 
24, Ralph Howlden and Mary Richardson. 
26, Robert Wright and Isabell Gowres. 

29, John Hail and Ellen Earle. 

29, John Dawley & Elizabeth Harvey. 
Jvly 1625. 
8, Edward Colly and Thomazin Shirman. 
31, Henry Brumilham & Sarah Thornbury. 
31, John fflower and Elizabeth Biggs. 
August 1625. 
11, ffrancis Warner and Dorithy Cooke. 




3orn July 18, 1785. — Died April 5, 1840. 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 

14, Thomas Pratt and Isabell ffausett. 

15, William Cox and Christian West. 

16, Eliseus Price and Joane Ayres. 
25, John Crome and Anne Kelsam. 

September 1625. 
1, John Lake and Mary Saunders. 
1, Bartholomew Jacks & Ellin Shrun. 
1, Thomas Pepkin & Sarah Bowlter. 



'53 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Proceedings of the Society. — At the meeting of April Sth, Professor Thomas 
Egleston of Columbia College read a paper on " Major Egleston of the Revolutionary 
Army." The paper was a warm tribute to the zeal and patriotism of one of those 
many unselfish men who, while attaining to no great meed of fame, yet rendered 
services of inestimable benefit to the cause of liberty. At its conclusion Professor 
Egleston was heartily thanked by the audience. Owing to an error in regard to the 
notices for the meeting of May 13th, there was a very small attendance on that evening. 
Portions of a paper prepared by the Rev. Dr. Benjamin F. De Costa (who was unable 
to be present), on " The Early Nationalities of Manhattan Island," were read by Mr. 
J. C. Pumpelly. At the following meeting (May 27th) the entire paper was read by 
Dr. De Costa himself, and proved to be a very interesting and valuable contribution 
to the early history of our city. It is to be hoped that Dr. De Costa wijl continue his 
researches in this direction. No further addresses will be made before the society 
until October, when Thomas L. James, Postmaster General in Garfield's adminis- 
tration, will speak on the subject of "The New York City Post Office, and Some of 
its Early Postmasters." 

A number of well-known authors met in the Berkeley Lyceum on May 18, 1892, 
and formed an association of American authors. General Wilson as President of the 
Genealogical and Biographical Society welcomed the audience to the hall, and nomi- 
nated Colonel Thomas \V. Higginson for chairman. A constitution was adopted, in 
which the objects of the society were staled to be : 

First. To promote a professional spirit among authors. 

Second. To foster a friendlier feeling and greater confidence between authors and 
publishers by devising some practical means of securing accurate returns of sales by 
the publisher. 

Third. To advise authors as to the value of literary property and the different 
methods of publishing, and to see that their contracts are so drawn as to secure them 
their rights. 

Fourth. To settle disputes between authors and publishers by arbitration or by 
an appeal to the courts. 

Fifth. To secure certain reforms urgently needed, and in general to maintain, 
define, and defend literary property, and advance the interests of American authors 
and literature. 

All persons engaged in recognized literary pursuits may become members on 
election by the society and payment of five dollars initiation fee (which covers the 
first year's dues), and a yearly fee of three dollars thereafter. The officers elected 
for the first year were : 

President, Thomas Wentworth Higginson ; Vice-Presidents — Julia Ward Howe, 
Moncure D. Conway, Maurice Thompson; Secretary, Charles Burr Todd; Treas- 
urer, James Grant Wilson. Board of Managers— Charles Dudley Warner, George 
W. Cable, Moses Coit Tyler, William Henry Smith, Louise Chandler Moulton, 
Horace White, Titus Munson Coan, Cynthia E. Cleveland, and William C. Hudson. 

The society already numbers more than one hundred members, including among 
others : Oliver Wendell Holmes, Charles Dudley Warner, Thomas W. Higginson, 
James Grant Wilson, Julian Hawthorne, Edward Bellamy, William Dean Howells, 



154 



A'o/es and Queries. [July, 



Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, Moncure D. Conway, Marshal H. Bright, James Lane Allen, 
Hezekiah Butterworlh, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward, John D. Champlin, Jr., 
Henry R. Stiles, M.D., Cynthia Eloi'se Cleveland, William L. Stone, Titus Munson 
Coan, M.D., Charles Burr Todd. Prof. Moses Coit Tyler, George W. Cook, Prof. 
Barrett Wendell, Berthold Fernow, Horace White, Mary E. Wilkins, Chandos 
Fulton, Charles F. Wingate, A. K. McClure, Howard Hinton, Wallace P. Reed, 
Albert Mathews. Gen. T. F. Kodenbough, Mrs. Celia Thaxter, William H. Beard, 
Rev. M. J. Savage, Edward F. De Lancey, Horace E. Scudder, William C. Hudson, 
Prof. N. S. Shaler, Frank L. Stanton, Ella Wheeler Wilcox, John Bigelow, Brooks 
Adams, Arthur Gilman, James E. Bailey, Edwin L. Bynner, Fannie Edgar Thomas, 
Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, Dr. Henry Coppee, Emily L. Sherwood, Constance G. Du 
Bois, Gen. Oliver O. Howard, Dr. Daniel C. Gilman, Thomas W. Knox, Robert 
Grant, Louise Chandler Moulton, Joel Chandler Harris, Margaret Deland, Black- 
burn W. Harte, Rev. Edward Everett Hale, Benjamin Hathaway, Prof. W. J. Rolfe, 
George Parsons Lathrop, Maurice Thompson, Eugene Lawrence, William Henry 
Smith, William M. Griswold, Mary L. Lockwood, Prof. Eben R. Horsford, Henry 
V. Boynton, Rev. Joseph Cook, Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Prof. Josiah Royce, 
Dr. William A. Hammond and Thomas Nelson Page. 

Gen. Wilson sends two unpublished letters of Andrew Jackson's. 

Wythe, April 15"' 1804 

Dear Sir : — On yesterday I called at your house and expected to have had the 
pleasure of seeing you there, was informed by Mf Preston you were at your iron 
works. I had a wish to have seen you upon the subject of the iron and castings, and 
receive information in whose possession they were stored. I am fearful there will 
not be a sufficient swell in the river this spring to carry them to Nashville. Should 
this be the case, if an opportunity should offer I wish them to be sold for cost and 
carriage, and even less rather than a disappointment should take place in the pay- 
ment to be made to you — the failure of crops in Cumberland will make our remit- 
tances short of our expectations this spring — and in case a swell in the river does not 
happen between this and the 15 th of next month we have no right to expect one 
before the ensuing winter — My object is to make part of their cost out of them, and 
if I can not have the boat started down the river before the 20 th of next month, I 
will thank you to sell them to any Person that may apply at their cost. & c — to meet 
the payment to be made to you. 

Health and respect. 

Andrew Jackson. 

To Col. Francis Preston, 

Salt Works. 

Washington, June 2 d 1829 
My dear Sir : — I have received your letter on the 23 d ul'° informing me of 
the death of your honored father, and I tender you my sincere condolence on so 
melancholy an occasion. As full of honors as of years, he is called to a better and 
happier world, and it is our duty to mourn less for him, than for those whom he has 
left behind. 

The office made vacant by this distressing calamity, we have filled by the appoint- 
ment of an individual whose character & standing, it is hoped will insure a faithful 
discharge of the duties, and be pleasing to yourself and to your fellow citizens. 

To M r B. F. Ogden who will hand you this, allow me to introduce you. He is 
a gentleman of fine intelligence and worthy of your acquaintance. 

Be pleased to present me and my family to your amiable Lady and accept the 
assurance of my great respect & esteem. 

Your Obt. Sv'. 

Andrew Jackson. 
Hon. Louis M c Lane. 

An Historic Homestead. — The "Old Colonial" town of Kingston, in Ulster 
County, contains many buildings besides the old Senate House recently purchased 
by the State, and fitted up as an Historical Museum, which are of great interest to 
the antiquarian. Among them is the old Hoffman homestead, situated on the corner 
of North Front and Green Streets, which was the northwesterly corner of the stockade 
with which Governor Stuyvesant caused the new village to be enclosed in 165S. This 



. ] Noles and Queries. 



! 55 



point, which commanded a large extent of lowland, was an excellent position for 
defence against Indian attacks, and the house with its heavy stone walls pierced with 
loop-holes, is supposed to have been erected there about 1660, by Martinus Hoffman, 
who came from Sweden, and is the ancestor of the Hoffman family in this country. 
It suffered in the general conflagration by the British under General Vaughn in 
October, 1777. The walls were left standing, however, and the house was afterward 
rebuilt in its present shape. The ceilings throughout the entire house are supported 
by the old fashioned Dutch horizontal beams, some of which still show the marks of 
fire. The present owner is Ira Hoffman, and the recent marriage there of his daughter 
Mary Frances to Ralph D. Clearwater (another historic Ulster County namel, was a 
marriage in the eighth generation of the Hoffman family in this old homestead, each 
marriage being performed by the pastor of the First Dutch Church of Kingston. 
Such occurrences are so rare in this country that they are worth noting. 

E. 

I am trying to collect and arrange the records of the descendants of Francis 
Holmes, who was of Stamford, Conn., in 164S. They have lived in Stamford and 
Greenwich, ConYi.; Bedford, N. V.; Dutchess County, N. Y. ; and on Long Island. 
In Feb., 1872, Mr. S. P. Holmes wrote to me from 126 and 128 Duane Street, New 
York, asking for information about the origin of Ichabod Holmes, who married with 
I limmis Worden, and dwelt in or near Amenia, N. V. I would be glad to have his 
present address, if living, or that of his representatives, as I am now in possession of 
the facts he wished to get. In the Record, Vol. II. pp. 15, 18, and 19, is a reference 
to Samuel Holmes, and wife, Sarah Forman, and their children. I have evidence 
that they had three children — William Holmes, Deborah Holmes, and Elizabeth 
Holmes. If any one can give me any facts in the history of this Samuel Holmes, as 
his birthplace, parentage, dates of birth, marriage, or his age at death, I will be glad 
to make suitable compensation. 

D. Williams Patterson, 
Newark Valley, N. Y., 28 March, 1S92. 

Samuel Schuyler, m.. Dutch Church, New York, June 27, 1770, Elizabeth P. 
Clopper. Their daughter Elizabeth (born 1771) was married in 17S9, to Rev. Dr. 
Gerardus Arentsz Kuypers, and died November 20, 1801, in her thirty-first year. 
Dr. Kuypers and Elizabeth had a son, Samuel S. Kuypers, M. D. , a daughter 
Joanna De Peyster Kuypers, who was first wife of Dr. Peter Van Zandt, and another 
son and daughter. Can any one give, positively, the parentage of that Samuel 
Schuyler? For lack of any better grounds for conjecture, I make him the Samuel, 
bap. New York, January 7, 1719, son of Philip and Ann Elizabeth Staats. But he 
would have been then fifty years old. The only other Samuel I find, is the one born 
November 15, 1757, died unmarried, January 1S32. 

Richard Wynkoop, 
61 Quincy Street, Brooklyn. 

Can any one inform me of the Christian name of the Mr. Gouverneur — and 
that of his parents — to whom Sarah, daughter of John Cruger and Maria Cuyler, 
was married? Was it Nicholas, the sixth child of Isaac Gouverneur and Machtelt 
de Keimer, who was baptized April 19, 1713? Sarah Cruger was baptized Decem- 
ber 8, 1714 (Vol. XVII., p. 27), married Mr. Gouverneur, and died March 4, 1766. 
When did Anna, the first child of John Cruger and Maria Cuyler, die? She was bap- 
tized April 2, 1704. Did she ever marry ? and if so, to whom ? And if she was 
married, did she leave any issue? She was buried in the Old Dutch Church, New 
York. is. D. H. 

It may be questioned whether the somewhat stern and masculine looking head of 
Liberty which adorns the new United States coins be a desirable substitute for 
the female figure to which we have been so long accustomed ; but there can be no 
reasonable doubt that the eagle is the best eagle that has been seen for a hundred 
years. It is displayed, as it ought to be. It appears to be an admirable copy of the 
old painting of the arms of the United States in St. Paul's Chapel, or of some 
similar one, and it is a refreshing contrast to the curious specimen of bad drawing 
that has disfigured the coins for so many years. E- 

Members of the Society and other persons possessing copies of the Record for 
January, 1875, and who do not design completing and binding their sets, will greatly 



£1-5 Obituaries. [July- 

oblige the Publication Committee by sending them to the Society's Hall. If desired 
they will receive in exchange the four quarterly numbers for the present year — 1892 
— or if they prefer, one dollar in cash. 

Mr. Edmund Abdy Hurry has kindly sent an artotype portrait of James 
Flanagan, one of the three persons commemorated in the biographical sketch of 
Christopher Flanagan, his son and his grandson, which Mr. Hurry contributed to 
the April Record. In binding the present volume of the Record this portrait 
should be made to face page 63. 

The Society is indebted to Howland Pell, Esq., one of its members, for an inter- 
esting addition to its collections, in the form of a quarto volume in which have been 
inserted many fac-similes of family deeds and other ancient documents, the Pell arms, 
and various useful data, connected with this old and prominent New York family. 



OBITUARIES. 



George Henry Moore, LL.D., Superintendent of the Lenox Library, who 
died in New York City on the fifth of May, 1892, after an illness of but four days, 
was of New England descent, and, although a resident of New York City from boy- 
hood, retained through life an ardent longing for the hills of his native State of New 
Hampshire. His father, Jacob Bailey Moore, was a member of a family who settled 
in New Hampshire in the latter part of the seventeenth century, his ancestors for 
several generations being physicians practicing in various New Hampshire towns. 
He, however, departed from the profession of his ancestors, and turned his attention 
to literature, becoming a publisher and editor in Concord, N. H., the editor of the 
New York Whig, librarian of the New York Historical Society, and a well-known 
historical collector and writer. Mr. Moore's mother, Mary Adams Hill, a woman 
of great intellectual vigor, was a descendant of Abraham Hill, wdio settled in Charles- 
town, Mass., in 1640, and was the sister of Isaac Hill, United States Senator and Gov- 
ernor of New Hampshire. Mr. Moore was born in Concord, N. H., on the twentieth 
of April, 1S23, and passed his childhood in that place, his love of books being early 
developed in the library of his father, who was the possessor of one of the largest 
collections of books in New Hampshire at that time. From the volumes in this 
library the late Vice-President Henry Wilson received a large part of the limited 
early instruction to which poverty restricted him ; and, surrounded by these books, 
Mr. Moore when a boy first made the acquaintance of Daniel Webster, who, patting 
him on the head, said : " George, be as good a Whig as your father is'' — a piece of 
advice which was strictly followed. In 1838 Mr. Moore entered Dartmouth College, 
but, owing to the removal of his father's family from New Hampshire to New York 
City, he left that institution and entered'the sophomore class in the University of the 
City of New York, from which lie was graduated with high honor in 1842, and with 
which he retained a connection for many years, being president of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation from 1S51 to 1S57, and a member of the council from 1871 to 1SS3. In i860 
he was appointed professor of law in the university, but never entered upon the 
duties of the professorship, and in 1S6S he received the honorary degree of Doctor 
of Laws from the same institution. While yet a student in the university he became 
in 1841 assistant librarian of the New York Historical Society, with which his name 
is most closely connected, and to the faithful service of which he devoted the greater 
part of his life. This position he occupied under the librarians George Folsom, 
George Gibbs, and his own father, Jacob B. Moore, until the resignation of the latter 
in June, 1S49, when he became librarian, having become a member of the society in 
1S47, and of its Executive Committee on the seventh of March, 184S. During his 
librarianship, which continued until the third of October, 1S76, Mr. Moore's personal 
efforts for the advancement of the Historical Society were unremitting, its interests 
and the increase of its library and collections receiving his personal attention in 
even the most minute details. On the third of October, 1872, he was partially 
called from this work by his election as a Trustee and Superintendent of the Lenox 
Library, but he retained the librarianship of the Historical Society until the third of 



)2.\ 



Obituaries. 



157 



October, 1S76, when the recent completion of the Lenox Library building and the 
arrangement of its contents required his undivided attention. His membership in 
the Executive Committee of the Historical Society continued, however, until the 
thirtieth of November, i8gi, when he tendered his resignation after an official con- 
nection with the society covering the long period of fifty-one years. In the super- 
intendence of the Lenox Library, in which he continued until his death, Mr. Moore 
displayed the same personal devotion to the interests of that institution as he had 
exhibited toward the Historical Society, and often in the face of most hostile criti- 
cism conscientiously endeavored to carry out to the full extent of his ability what 
he knew to be the desires and purposes of the founder of that library. This lifelong 
environment of books, to which were added unceasing industry, a remarkable keen- 
ness of observation, and a natural taste for literature, not only raised him to the 
foremost rank in thorough acquaintance with literary rarities, but also afforded oppor- 
tunities never neglected for the accumulation of a vast store of knowledge upon the 
most varied topics. In his private studies his inclination led him chiefly in the paths 
of early American History, and especially in the lines of the legal and religious 
history of colonial New England, in the details of which his learning always based 
upon the most thorough study of the best and rarest authorities, was accurate and 
wide. Upon these subjects he wrote with both vigor and elegance, and while a 
sharp controversialist and a severe critic, he never overstepped the bounds of perfect 
personal courtesy toward those whose views he opposed. As a graceful and dignified 
orator his services were frequently demanded by many of the learned societies of 
which he was a member, and his published writings privately printed consist largely 
of papers upon historical topics read before such societies. His printed works 
include: ".The Treason of Major-General Charles Lee " (i860); " Historical Notes 
on the Employment of Negroes in the American Army of the Revolution " (1862) ; 
" Notes on the History of Slavery in Massachusetts" (1S66) ; " Notes on theHislory 
of Witchcraft in Massachusetts " (18S3) ; " Supplementary Notes on Witchcraft in 
Massachusetts" (1S84) ; "Final Notes on Witchcraft in Massachusetts" (18S5) ; 
'• Notes on the History of the Old State House in Boston " two papers (1885, 1S86) ; 
" Examination of Mr. Wm. H. Whitmore's Old State House Memorial" (two edi- 
tions, 1SS7) ; "Washington as an Angler " (18S7) ; " Biographical Notes on Witch- 
craft in Massachusetts " (188S) ; "Historical Notes on the Introduction of Printing 
into New York, 1693 " (1S8S) ; " Memoranda concerning the New Hampshire Laws 
of 1699" (1889); " Memoranda concerning the Massachusetts Laws of 164S " 
(1SS9) ; " Libels on Washington " (1S89) ; " The Origin and Early History of 
Columbia College " (1890) ; " John Dickinson, Author of the Declaration, on Taking 
up of Arms in 1775 " (1S90) ; " Extracts from Records of the Court of General Ses- 
sions for the County of Suffolk, Mass., 1764-176S" (1887) ; "Notes on Tithing Men 
and the Ballot in Massachusetts" (1S84) ; " Rules for the Society of Negroes, 1693, 
by Cotton Mather " (1888). This has a preface by Mr. Moore. 

Those who were brought in contact with Mr. Moore merely in his official posi- 
tions met a gentleman of dignity and great courtesy, who was ever ready to fulfil the 
duties of his office intelligently, willingly, and with the greatest patience. Those 
who knew him most intimately perceived a character of rare nobility and upright- 
ness ; a modesty which shrank from all notoriety ; a tenderness of heart seldom found 
among men; and a refinement of sympathy for misery and suffering, whether of man 
or beast, which entirely pervaded his being. It may be rightly said that in him 
New York City has lost one of her best citizens — a man of learning, modesty, integ- 
rity, and wide charity. 

Mrs. LANGTHOKNE who died in Scotland in the month of May, in her ninety- 
seventh year, was the widow of a well-known clergyman of the Scottish Episcopal 
Church, and a daughter of the famous Parson Smith of Musselburgh, who was an 
arly friend of Sir Walter Scott, Prof. John Wilson, and Mrs. Grant of Laggan. 
Mrs. Langthorne had a great fund of interesting anecdote, as her father was in com- 
pany with Dr. Johnson when he visited Edinburgh nearly six-score years ago, accom- 
panied by his biographer Boswell. The venerable lady had seen Burns, as she 
informed the writer when in Scotland, and had known Hume. Robertson, Mackenzie, 
the "Ettrick Shepherd," Jeffrey, Lockhart, and almost all the other Scottish celebrities 
of her day. Mis. Langthorne had met Washington Irving and Carlyle. and was full 
of charming reminiscences of her literary favorite Sir Walter Scott and his brilliant 
contemporaries. J. G - w - 



T cg Book Notices. [July, 1892. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

" Autumn Leaves from Family Trees ;" Historical, Biographical, and Gen- 
ealogical Materials relating to the Cauffman, Chidsey, Churchman, Foster, Mont- 
gomery, Rodenbough, Shewell, and affiliated families. Gathered and pressed for 
whom it may concern, by a kinsman, Theo. Francis Rodenbough. Illustrated. N.Y., 
1892. [8vo, pp. 304.] 

Under this rather poetical title, Gen. Rodenbough, who, by the way, made for 
himself an enviable record during our late war, has written a very readable and 
interesting book, and one that contains much information that is extremely valuable 
to the general public as well as to the families immediately concerned. The scope of 
the book is much wider than that of most genealogies. As the author says in his 
foreword: " Commencing with the Norman conquest, it touches upon subsequent 
events in England, France, and Scotland, including Waterloo and Balaclava; it 
crosses the ocean with Penn and Conant, tarries awhile in New England and Penn- 
sylvania, during the colonial period ; affords glimpses of ' the times that tried men's 
souls," of the second war with Great Britain, and of our short campaign in Mexico 
and California ; and, finally, records the services of some who fought in the War for 
the Union." Truly, much ground to cover, but Gen. Rodenbough does it well and 
his work merits the lasting gratitude of all his kindred. Among the many emi- 
nent men whose lives are recorded, are Benjamin West, the artist, and President of 
the Royal Academy, Leigh Hunt, the essayist and poet, and Col. Shewell, who 
fought at Balaclava. In mechanical execution the book is all that could be desired, 
and the illustrations add greatly to the interest of the text. 

T. G. E. 

Rev. Christopher Yongs and Pastor John Youngs. Thomas Youngs 
of Oyster Bay and his Descendants. Svo. Oyster Bay, iSgo. 

This book was given to the Society, and, we presume, was written by Daniel K. 
Youngs, though the author withholds his name. It is a carefully studied history of 
that old and respectable family which traces its descent as far back as 1545. The 
Rev. John Youngs settled in Southold, L. I., in 1640, and built the first church edi- 
fice in New York, outside of the city itself. He was the pastor of this church until 
February 24, 1672, when he died at the age of seventy-four. His second son, 
Thomas, was born in England in 1625, and settled at Oyster Bay. His descendants 
intermarried with many Long Island families. The book contains many familiar 
names, such as, Jones, Williams, Townsend, and Floyd-Jones, into which the 
daughters married ; and the families of the daughters as well as of the sons are traced 
with much care and minuteness down to the present time. 

A Catalogue, with Descriptive Notices, of the Portraits, Busts, etc., 
belonging to Yale University. Svo. New Haven, 1892. 

A catalogue of paintings belonging to Yale College, edited by Mr. Edward C. 
Herrick, was printed in 1852, but the edition was soon exhausted. The present 
much fuller and more elaborate volume has been prepared by order of the corporation. 
It includes portraits, busts, statues, and bas-reliefs. Its arrangement is alphabetical, 
and every name is followed by a biographical account of the person represented, and 
a careful description of and measurement of the work of art, with the name of the 
artist. That of Trumbull occurs most frequently ; and those of Jocelyn, Jarvis, 
Huntington, Stuart, Kneller, Morse, will vouch for the value of the collection. 

The Livingstons of Callendar and their principal Cadets. By Edwin 
Brockholst Livingston. Part V. 4to. 1892. 

We congratulate the author of this valuable family history upon the completion of 
his arduous undertaking, so far, at least, as the literary part of it is concerned ; for 
we must caution such of our readers as may be fortunate enough to possess the book, 
not to bind it until they receive the addenda and corrigenda, the index and title page, 
which will form a sixth part, about the issuing of which there may be some little 
delay. The present number contains the history of the American Livingstons, which 
is written with great care, and very fully. It maintains, in all respects, the high 
character of its predecessors, and is a monument of zeal and industry. 




=iC^ 





THE NEW YORK 



TO 



Genealogical atttr biographical lecorb. 



NEW YORK, OCTOBER, 1892. 



No. 4.. 



THE GARDINER FAMILY AND THE LORDSHIP AND 
MANOR OF GARDINER'S ISLAND. 



By Dayid <; IEDINER. 
With steel portrait and seventeen illustralio 



Towards the close of the year 1634 it became apparent to the 
English that if they'wished to control the Connecticut River the con- 
struction of a fort at_its mouth was a necessity ; for the Dutch claimed 
priority of discovery and they looked upon the English as intruders. 
William, Lord Say'and Sele, and Robert, Lord Brooke, afterward Earl 
of Warwick, two of the eleven patentees of Connecticut, impressed with 
this necessity, resolved upon the construction of a fort, and recogniz- 
ing the talent of Lion Gardiner as an engineer they believed him to 
be a man qualified to evolve a scheme of defence suited to their needs. 

Through the persuasions of the celebrated Hugh Peters, then pastor 
of the English Church in Rotterdam, and during the latter part of the 
Protectorate chaplain to Oliver Cromwell, and of John Davenport, who 
had been a popular minister in London, and who afterwards became 
prominent in New England, Lion Gardiner consented to enter into their 



1 60 lh- e Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Is/and. [Oct., 

lordships' service, as well as that of Sir Arthur Heslerigge, Sir Matthew 
Boynton, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Col. George Ftnwick and the other 
patentees. He made an agreement with Mr. Peters, by which he pledged 
his services to " the company of the patetnees of the territory at the mouth 
of the Connecticut River," " in the drawing, ordering and making of a city, 
towns and fortifications." By the terms of his agreement he was to act 
in this employment four years at an annual compensation of £100, and 
have under his command three hundred able-bodied men. 

Lion Gardiner was a native of England, born during Queen Elizabeth's 
reign, and was destined to p'ay an important role in the wars of the Old 
World and in the settlement of the New. He was an officer in the 
English armv, and joining the Allies in Holland under Lord Vere, who 
espoused the cause of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, he served, as he 
expressed it, as " an engineer and master of works of fortification in the 
leaguers of the Prince of Orange, in the Low Countries." Ii. the mean 
time, while on service probably at Fort Orange, in the neighborhood of 
the small city of Woerden, so often devastated in the wars of Europe, 
he became acquainted with Mary Wilemsen, daughter of a "deurcant," a 
native of that place, and a lady of highly respectable connections, to 
whom he allied himself in marriage. 

On July 10th, 1635, Lion Gardiner, in fulfilment of his engage- 




ment, left Woerden (or London, whence he took passage, August 11, 
1635, for America, having previously taken the oath of conformity, and 
arrived in Boston Harbor November 28 after a rough passage of three 
months and seventeen days. The vessel which bore him safely to our 
shores was named the Batchelor, a craft of only twenty-five tons' burden, 
of which Thomas Webb was master. She was amply provisioned by the 
patentees and belonged to a type of boats known in naval architecture as 
a North Sea bark. Besides Captain Webb and his crew of seven men she 
carried as passengers Lieutenant Lion Gardiner and Mary his wife, her 
maid-servant Elizabeth Colet, and one other passenger. What must have 
been the dangers braved, the hardships endured by that little party, the 
buffetings received by so small a crait, tossed upon the angry waves of a 
trackless ocean, can only be imagined by those who have crossed the 
Atlantic in the ordinarily tempestuous month of November. 

Boston up to this time had been without adequate means of defence, 
and the citizens, in order to properly achieve the completion of a fort 
already begun, took advantage of the presence of Lion Gardiner and 
secured his services to direct them in the prosecution of their work. 
Mr. John Winthrop, Governor of Massachusetts, in order that Lion 
Gardiner might have a sufficient force at his command, decreed that each 
citizen contribute fourteen days' labor towards accomplishing the work. 
By their energetic efforts under Gardiner's superintendence the work soon 



1 89 2. ] The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. 161 

assumed the dignity and proportions of a fort. It was situated on Fort 
Hill, now covered by the city of Boston, and was the first military work 
erected in Boston. It continued in use till after the Revolutionary war and 
was garrisoned by English troops at the time of the battle of Bunker's Hill. 

Mr. John Winthrop, Junior, son of Governor Winthrop, holding a 
commission from Lord Say and Sele, and Lord Brooke, had alreadv 
arrived in Boston, accompanied by Lieutenant Gibbons, with men, money, 
arms and ammunition for the building of the fort at the mouth of the 
Connecticut River. Winthrop, hearing that the Dutch were about to 
anticipate the English in the erection of a fort at the same place, 
despatched Lieutenant Gibbons and his men to begin operations. He- 
was shortly followed by Lion Gardiner in the bark Batchelor with build- 
ing materials. Lieutenants Gardiner and Gibbons reached their destina- 
tion none too soon, and had hardly finished their work before a Dutch 
vessel from New Netherlands hove in sight. The Dutchmen, whose 
mission it was to take possession of the mouth of the river and erect a 
fortification, stood in near enough to perceive the works of the English 
and then quietly sailed away without offering any resistance, leaving Lion 
Gardiner master of the situation. 

In close proximity to the fort a number of houses were built for the 
accommodation of the men who were expected to have followed Gardiner 
from England : two hundred of whom were to have engaged in the erec- 
tion of fortifications, fifty in tilling the ground, and fifty in assisting 
those previously engaged in building houses. But great was their dis- 
appointment in the spring to learn from Fenwick, one of the patentees 
who then arrived, that they were not to expect the promised men. For 
some cause, the p tentees had been unable to accomplish that part of 
their original agreement. Gardiner was appointed commandant of the 
fort, and the settlement was called Saybrook in honor of the two noble- 
men in whose service Lion Gardiner held his commission. 

The lot of Lion Gardiner during the four years of his life spent at 
Saybrook was not a happy one. At that lime Connecticut was one vast 
wilderness inhabited by hostile tribes of Indians. The winter following 
the settlement of Saybrook was one of great severity. The Connecticut 
River froze over, and snow covered the ground to an unusual depth. 
Added to the inclemency of the season were the extreme sufferings of the 
people. There was scarcely a sufficiency of provisions, and numbers of 
their cattle perished for want of shelter and provender. Indeed, the 
question of how to obtain enough food for man and beast continued 
to be one of vital importance to Saybrook during Lion Gardiner's 
residence there. The settlers were inexperienced in the cultivation of 
the soil, thev had but few ploughs, and their principal agricultural 
implements were hoes, which made the tillage of the earth slow and 
laborious. For forage they relied on wild grass, of which they could 
not always obtain a sufficient supply for winter use. 

The Indians living along the river were friendly toward the whites, 
but the animosities existing between these Indians and their neighbors 
the Pequots, a powerful tribe living in eastern Connecticut, kept the 
settlers in a constant state of anxiety. The majority of the Indians were 
ever jealous of the English, from their first appearance in New England, 
whom they regarded as usurpers of their lands, and they longed to drive 
them from the country. The murdering by the Indians of Captains Stone 



l62 



lh,> Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. 



[Oct. , 



and Norton, or rather the chastisement inflicted upon the Indians by Captain 
Endicott to avenge these murders, was the contributing cause of the Pequot 
war. In 1634 Captain Stone and Captain Norton arrived at the mouth of 
the Connecticut River for the purpose of trading with the Dutch who had 
settled at a site on the river now occupied by the city of Hartford. 
Being unfamiliar with the course of the channel, they engaged a number 
of Indians to pilot two of their men up the river, and at night, while they 
were asleep, were murdered by their faithless guides. Captains Stone and 
Norton remained aboard their vessel with their crew and twelve Indians, 
and at night while their boat lay moored to the river's bank the Indians, 
who had served them faithfully on previous occasions, now attacked them, 
killing all hands, but not until they had made a desperate and vaiiant 
resistance. The following vear another trader, John Oldham, was 
murdered by the Indians while cruising off Block Island. 

The Governor, Sir Henry Vane, and council of Massachusetts 
resolved that the murder of Mr, Old- 

r ham by the Block Island Indians should 

be avenged, and that the Pequots 
should be held responsible for the 
murder of Captains Stone and Norton 
committed by Indians who were their 
allies. Accordingly Captain Endicott, 
with ninety men, was ordered to pro- 
ceed to Block Island and demand 
satisfaction of the Indians. Arriving 
at Block Island the savages at first op- 
posed their landing, but losing courage 
at the killing of fourteen of their tribe 
they fled to the woods. Endicott re- 
mained two days on their island, laying 
waste two hundred acres of corn, de- 
stroying their canoes and burning their 
wigwams. He then sailed for the 
Pequot country, calling at Saybrook 
on the way. At Saybrook Endicott 
had an interview with Lion Gardiner 
concerning the nature of his mission. 
Gardiner, astonished at the short-sighted 
policy of Sir Henry Vane, stoutly protected against it, saying: "You 
have come hither to raise these wasps about my ears, and then you 
will take wing and flee away." Gardiner, being a trained soldier, and 
having an intimate knowledge of the Indian character, foresaw the evil 
that followed so rash an act, and had his counsels been heeded the Pequot 
war might, perhaps, have been averted. 

Lion Gardiner, although opposed to the step about to be taken by 
Endicott, believed that if he sent men and boats to accompany the expe- 
dition against the Pequots, there would, probably, be an opportunity to 
procure a supply of corn, a commodity he was in dire need of for the sus- 
tenance of the garrison at Saybrook. A conversation he had with Endi- 
cott and his officers, relative to this project and the plans agreed upon for 
the procuring of the corn, is thus described by Gardiner in his Relation 
of the Pequot Wars : " 'Sirs, seeing you will go, I pray you, if you don't 




JOHN I.vc 



l8 9 2 



The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Is/and. 



1 6* 



load your barks with Pequits, load them with corn, for that is now gath- 
ered with rhem, and dry, ready to put into their barns, and both you and 
we have need of it, and I will send my shallop and hire this Dutchman's 
boat, there present, to go with you. and if you cannot attain your end c,\ 
the Pequits, yet you may load your barks with corn, which will be wel- 
come to Boston and to me.' But they said they had no bags to load 
them with, then said I, 'here is three dozen of new bags, vou shall 
have thirty of them, and my shallop to carry them, and six of them my men 
shall use themselves, for I will with the Dutchman send twelve men 
well provided ; ' and I desired them to divide the men into three parts, 
viz. two parts to stand without the corn, and to defend the other one- 
third part, that canied the corn to the water-side, till they have loaded 
what they can. And the men there in arms, when the rest are aboard, 
shall in order go aboard ; the rest that are aboard shall with their arms 
clear the shore, if the Pequits do assault them in the rear, and then, when 
the General shall display his colours, all to set sail together. To thi> 
motion they all agreed, and I put the three dozen of bags aboard my shal- 
lop, and away they went." Arriving in Pequot Harbor, now New London 
Harbor, Endicott acquainted the Indians, who soon began to assemble in 
great numbers, with the object of his visit and inquired for Sassacus their 
sachem. They informed him that he was on a visit to Long Island, and 
then followed a long and unsatisfactory parley, ending in an exchange ol 
shots and the withdrawal of the Indians into the woods. Endicott's and 
Gardiner's men then proceeded to help themselves to the corn which was 
still standing. After filling their bags, they destroyed what remained of 
the corn, burned their wigwams and stove their canoes. Endicott then 
embarked with his men and sailed for Boston, leaving Gardiner's men ti 
return to Saybrook. In departing from Pequot Harbor Endicott di es 
not appear to have shown proper respect for the lives of Gardiner's men, 
as the following lines by Gardiner in his account of the Pequot war will 
show: " Then they displayed their colours, and beat their drums, burnt 
some wigwams and some heaps of corn, and my men carried as much 
aboard as they could, but the army went 
aboard, leaving my men ashore, which ought 
to have marched aboard first. But they all 
set sail, and my men were pursued by the 
Indians, and tliev hurt some of the Indians, 
two of them came home wounded." 

Thus ended in September, 1636, the ill- 
advised expedition under Endicott. Nothing 
had been done to subdue a naturally proud, 
and warlike race. Enough however had been 
done to exasperate them, and it proved to 
be the signal for a general uprising of the Pe- 
quots under Sassacus. who now determined to 
rid their lands of the presence of the English. 
Winter was approaching, and the out- 
look at Saybrook for the safety of the settle- K ;l "• kakuihek 

ment was indeed gloomy, for the Indians 

were concentrating in large numbers in the vicinity, threatening the lives 
and property of the settlers. With the advent of spring the boldness 
and impudence of the savages increased. They lurked in the tall sedge 




\6± ^ h Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. [Oct., 

grass, keeping up a constant watch cm the river to prevent all boats 
passing, and never lost an opportunity to murder the settlers, to burn 
their houses and crops, or to steal their cattle. They made it a practice 
to torment their captives in a cruel and barbarous manner, often tearing 
them in pieces, cutting deep gashes in their flesh, and then putting burn- 
ing bits of wood into the wounds. In this way and in many others they 
would continue until death relieved the sufferings of their poor victims. 
They would frequently congregate around the fort, and before the eyes of 
the garrison indulge in such shocking proceedings as the mimicking of 
the groans, the writhings and prayers of their dying victims. 

Lion Gardiner, in his narrative of the Pequot war, describes some of 
his experiences with the Indians at Sa\b ook. and how he rescued two 
Dutch maidens from them, in the following language: "In the 22d of 
February, I we t out with ten men and three dogs, half a mile from the 
house, to burn the weeds, leaves and reeds, upon the neck of land, be- 
cause we had felled twenty timber-trees, which we were to roll to the 
water-side to bring home, every man carrying a length of match with 
brimstone-matches with him to kindle the fire withal. But when we came 
to the small of the Neck, the weeds burning, I having before this set two 
sentinels on the small of the Neck, I called to the men that were burning 
the reeds to come away, but they would not until they had burnt up the 
rest of their matches. Presently there starts up four Indians out of the 
fiery reeds, but ran away, I calling to the rest of our men to come away 
nit of the marsh. Then Robert Chapman and Thomas Hurlbut, being 
sentinels, called to me, saying there came a number of Indians out of the 
other side of the marsh. Then I went to stop them, that they should not 
get the wood-land ; but Thomas Hurlbut cried out to me that some of 
the men did not follow me, for Thomas Rumble and Arthur Branch, 
threw down their two guns and ran away ; then the Indians shot two of 
them that were in the reeds, and sought to get between us and home, but 
durst not come before us, but kept us in a half-moon, we retreating and 
exchanging many a shot, so that Thomas Hurlbut was shot almost 
through the thigh, John Spencer in the back, into his kidneys, myself 
into the thigh, two more were shot dead. But in our retreat I kept Hurl- 
but and Spencer still before us, we defending ourselves with our naked 
swords, or else they had taken us all alive, so that the two sore wounded 
men, by our slow retreat, got home with their guns, when our two sound 
men ran away and left their guns behind them. But when I saw the 
cowards that left us, I resolved to let them draw lots which of them 
should be hanged, for the articles did hang up in the hall for them to 
read, and they knew they had been published long before. But at the 
intercession of old Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Higgisson and Mr. Pell I did for- 
bear. Within a few days after, when I had cured myself of my wound, 
I went out with eight men to get some fowl for our relief, and found the 
guns that were thrown away, and the body of one man shot through, the 
arrow going in at the right side, the head sticking fast, half through 
a rib on the left side, which I took out and cleansed it, and presumed to 
send it to the Bay, because they had said that the arrows of the Indians 
were of no force. 

"A few days after came Thomas Stanton down the river, and staying 
for a wind, while he was there came a tioop of Indians within musket shot, 
laving themselves and their arms down behind a little lising hill and two 



1892.] The Gar, liner Family and Gardiner's Island. 1 ( ) c 

great trees ; which I perceiving called the carpenter, whom I had shewed 
how to charge and level a gun, and that he should put two cartridges of 
musket bullets into two sackers guns that lay about ; and we levelled 
them against the place, and I told him that he must look towards me, 
and when he saw me wave my hat above my head he should give fire to 
both the guns ; then presently came three Indians, creeping out and call- 
ing to us to speak with us : and I was glad that Thomas Stanton was 
there, and I sent six men down by the Garden Pales to look that none 
should come under the hill behind us ; and having placed the rest 
in places convenient closely, Thomas and I with my sword, pistol and 
carbine, went ten or twelve poles without the gate to parlev with them. 
And when the six men came to the Garden Pales, at the corner, they 
found a great number of Indians creeping behind the fort, or betwixt us 
and home, but they ran away. Now I said to Thomas Stanton, whatso- 
ever they say to you, tell me first, for we will not answer them directly to 
anything, for I know not the mind of the rest of the English. So they 
came forth, calling us nearer to them, 
and we them nearer to us. But I would 
not let Thomas go any further than the 
great stump of a tree, and I stood by 
him : then they asked me who we were, 
and he answered ' Thomas and Lieu- 
tenant.' But they said he lied, for I was 
shot with many arrows ; and so I was. 
but my buff coat preserved me, only one 
hurt me. But when I spake to them 
they knew mv voice, for one of them had 
dwelt three months with us, butranaway cannon hall from saybrook 
when the Baymen came first. Then they fort. 

a>ked us if we would fight with Niantecut 

Indians, for thev were our friends and came to trade with us. We said we 
knew not the Indians one from another, and therefore would trade with 
none. Then they said, have you fought enough ? We said we knew not 
yet. Then they asked if we did use to kill women and children ? We said 
that they should see that hereafter. So they were silent a small space, 
and then they said, We are Pequits, and have killed Englishmen, and 
can kill them as mosquetoes, and we will go to Conectecott and kill 
men, women, and children, and we will take away the horses, cows, and 
hogs. When Thomas Stanton had told me this, he prayed me to shoot 
that rogue for, said he, he hath an Englisman's coat on, and saith that he 
hath killed three, and these other lour have their cloathes on their backs. 
I said ' no, it is not the manner of a parley, but have patience and I shali 
fit them ere they go.' 'Nay, now or never.' said he ; so when he 
could get no other answer but this his last, I bid him tell them that they 
should not go to Conectecott, for if they did kill all the men and take 
all the rest as they said, it would do them no good, but hurt, for English- 
women are lazy, and can't do their work ; horses and cows will spoil 
your corn-fields, and the hogs their clam-banks, and so undo them ; then 
I pointed to our great house, and bid them tell them there lay twenty 
pieces of trucking cloth, of Mr. Pincheon's, with hoes, hatchets, and all 
manner of trade, they were better fight still with us, and so get all that, 
and then go up the river after they had killed all us. Having heard this, 




1 66 



1 he Gardiner Farnily and Gardiner's Island. 



[Oct.. 



they were mad as dogs, and ran away ; then when they came to the place 
from whence they came, I waved my hat about my head, and the two 
great guns went off, so that there was a great hubbub amongst them. 

"Then two days after came down Capt. Mason and Sergeant Seely, 
with five men more, to see how it was with us ; and whilst they were there, 
came down a Dutch boat, telling us that the Indians had killed fourteen 
English, for by that boat I had sent up letters to Conectecott, what I 
heard, and what I thought, and how to prevent that threatened danger, 
and received back again rather a scoff, than any thanks for my care and 
pains. But as I wrote, so it fell out to my great grief and theirs, for the 
next, or second day after, as Major Mason well knows, came down a 
great many canoes, going down the creek beyond the marsh, before the 
fort, many of them having white shirts ; then I commanded the carpenter 
whom I had shewed to level great guns to put in two round shot in the 
two sackers, and we levelled them at a certain place, and I stood to bid 
him give fire, when I thought the canoe would meet the bullet, and one 
of them took off the nose of a great canoe wherein the two maids were, 
that were taken by the Indians, whom I redeemed and clothed, for the 
Dutchmen, whom I sent to fetch them, brought them away almost naked 
from Pequit, they putting on their own linen jackets to cover their naked- 
ness ; and thought he redemption cost me ten pounds, I am yet to have 
thanks lor my care and charge about them." 

The marshes, or salt meadows, where Lion Gardiner's skirmish with the 
Indians took place, cover an extensive area on both sides of the river at 
Saybrook. They produce fine crops of salt 
hay, and are watered by several creeks, one of 
which bears the name of Lieutenant's River, 
in honor of Gardiner. The exploits of Captain 
John Mason, and his small but resolute band 
of Englishmen, aided by faithful Indian allies, 
principally from the Narragansett and Mohegan 
tribes ; of his fierce hand to hand struggle with 
the Pequots at Mistic, and the practical anni- 
hilation of their village by fire and sword need 
not be related here. Suffice it to say, that this 
battle resulted in the overthrow of the Pequot 
nation of Indians, by far ihe most warlike in 
Connecticut or even in New England, and 
consequently in the salvation of the settle- 
ments from destruction. 

Previous to the outbreak of the Pequot war the garrison at Saybrook 
under Lion Gardiner, which originally numbered twenty men, was rein- 
forced by twenty others in 1636 under Capt. Underhill, and again the next 
year by[jtwenty more under Capt. John Mason. During the four years 
that Lion Gardiner was commanding officer at Saybrook the anxieties 
and privations of garrison life were also shared by his wife. While there 
she became the mother of two children, a son and daughter, christened 
David and Mary. David, born April 29th, 1636, was the first white 
child born in Connecticut. 

At the expiration of his term of service at Saybrook, Lion Gardiner 
was succeeded by George Fenwick, an Englishman of good family, who 
was afterwards M. P., Governor of Berwick, and Colonel in the Parlia- 




.ARIiINI-K \RMS. 



1 892. J The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. ] Q~ 

mentary army. Colonel Fenwick was accompanied by his wife, Ladv 
Alice, who died at the fort and was buried there. She was the daughter of 
Sir Edward Apsley and widow of Sir John Boeteler. About twenty-five 
years ago her remains were disinterred and removed to the cemeterv at 
Saybrook and the old monument re-erected there. 

Lion Gardiner now began to make preparations to remove to an island 
he had purchased of the sachem Wyandanch, whose acquaintance he 
had made during the Pequot war. From this and during a long life, 
Wyandanch maintained for Gardiner an ardent, disinterested and constant 
attachment. It was in the autumn of the year 1639 that Lion Gardiner, 
accompanied by his family and a number of laborers from Saybrook, landed 
on his newly acquired island, called by the Indians Monchonac, signify- 
ing place where many had died, by Lion Gardiner the Isle of Wight, 
which name was changed in later years to Gardiner's Island, the name it 
bears to-day. 

The 10th of March previous to Gardiner's leaving Saybrook his 
Indian purchase, in consideration of the payment of £5 annually, was 
confirmed to him by a deed from James Farrett. deputy of the Earl of 
Sterling, secretary of the Kingdom of Scotland, who had received the 
King's patent. By the terms of this grant Gardiner's Island was erected 
into a separate and independent plantation, with the power to the grantee 
"to execute and put in practice such laws for church and civil govern- 
ment as are agreeable to God, the king and the practice of the country." 
Gardiner's occupation of his island was the first English settlement 
within the present State of New York, and here he laid the foundation 
of an estate which at this writing has been two hundred and fifty-three 
years in the sole and undivided possession of his descendants. Here, on 
the 14th of September, 1641, Elizabeth, his last child, was born, she being 
the first English child born within the present State of New York. 

A definite idea of the situation of Gardiner's Island may be had by 
remembering that the eastern end of Long Island forms two branches, 
terminating in Orient Point, and Montauk Point. An imaginary line 
drawn between these two points would leave Gardiner's Island occupying 
a position nearly midway between them, and about a mile and a half 
south of the line. The nearest land to Gardiner's Island is at Fireplace, 
on Long Island, distant three and a half miles. Fireplace derives its 
name from the fact that in former times fires were kindled there, the 
smoke of which served as a signal to send a boat from Gardiner's Island. 

Gardiner's Island comprises an area of nearly thirty-five hundred 
acres. Irregular in shape, it has a coast line approximating eighteen 
miles in extent. The island is slightly more than six miles in length, 
which includes a sand spit more than twomiles longand which terminates 
in Gardiner's Point. Its greatest width is three and one-half miles. The 
shores are sandy in places, pebbly in others, and have been the scene of 
several shipwrecks. The character of the surface of the island is undu- 
lating, gradually rising to the northeast, where it abruptly terminates in 
precipitous bluffs of clay, against whose bases the waves of the sea expend 
their force. From these bluffs a magnificent view opens before the 
beholder. To the north and northwest the blue waters of the Sound and 
the Connecticut shore are seen for many miles ; to the east and south- 
east, the sea, Block Island and Montauk. The western and southern 
shores of the island are washed by the waters of Gardiner's Bay. In this 



i68 



The Gardiner Familv and Gardiner's Island. 



[Oct., 



bay are taken many of our best food fishes, and being landlocked it 
affords a safe anchorage. Of late years our government has recognized 
the value of Gardiner's Bay to the country as suited to the needs of the 
navy, and it is annually the scene of important manoeuvres performed by 
modern war vessels. 

The soil of Gardiner's Island is fertile and a goodly portion of it 
is under excellent cultivation, yielding bountiful crops of Indian corn, 
wheat and other cereals, besides hay and many varieties of fruits and vege- 
tables. The remainder 



of the island, with the 
exception of the wood- 
lands, is devoted to graz- 
ing purposes, for which 
it is admirably adapted, 
and over its rolling prai- 
ries large herds of horses 
and cattle, and some- 
times as many as three' 
thousand sheep are free 
to roam. On the east- 
ern side of this insular 
domain is Tobacco Lot 
Pond, a beautiful sheet 
of water connecting with 
the sea by a small inlet 
through which the tide 
ebbsand flows. It teems 
with white perch, eels 
and crabs, and is the 
abode of wild fowl in 
the spring and fall of the 
vear. Its western shore 
is shaded by a growth 
of timber called " The 
Thicket." and at sunset 
of a fine day in autumn 
a- scene of great beauty 
greets the eye of the 
spectator as the trees and 
the variegated colors of 
their leaves are reflected 
Mai- of uardiner's iMAM.. in the mirror-like sur- 

face of the water. Bost- 
wick's Wood, on the western side of the island, is a magnificent primeval 
growth, affording ample cover for a numerous herd of deer and small 
game. Here gigantic oaks with wide-spreading branches, from which 
immense wild-grape vines suspend themselves, anil other trees of a 
remarkable height and magnitude, together with an almost impenetrable 
underbrush, testify to the extraordinary natural fertility of the soil. 
Among the game birds frequenting the island are the ruffed grouse, 
quail, woodcock, snipe and plover. The English pheasant has lately 
been introduced, and Gardiner's Island mav be considered the summer 




i8 9 i.] 



The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. 



169 



home of the American osprey or fishhawk. These noble birds and 
their nests have always been suffered to remain unmolested, and it is 
an interesting fact that they airive the 21st of March and depart the 21st 
of September with great regularity. Their nests are huge affairs, at least 
six feet in diameter, built of rough sticks lined with twi^s, sedge-grass 
and fish bones. They are built in the crotch of a dead tree, and are oc- 
cupied each year, oftentimes, it is said, by the same birds. 

The career of Lion Gardiner, both military and civil, from his arrival 
in Boston until his death in Easthampton, is one of the most interesting 
and conspicuous in the annals of early colonial times. Through the 
loyalty of his neighbour Wyandanch, who kept him informed of the plans 
and movements of the Indians, he was twice enabled to frustrate conspir- 
acies of the Indians intended for the destruction of the English colonists. 
Once he remained as a hostage with the Montauk tribe of Indians for the 
safety of Wyandanch, their sachem, while he went before the English 
magistrates of Southampton, who had demanded of him the surrender of 
certain murderers. At another time he ransomed and restored to Wyan- 
danch his daughter, who had been carried off by Ninicraft, sachem of 
the Narragansetts. As a 
token of gratitude for this 
and other acts of kindness, 
Wyandanch conveyed to Lion 
Gardiner a large tract of terri- 
torv, now Smithtown, on 
Long Is'and. 

For an account of the 
character of Lion Gardiner, 
his life on his island, his 
relations with the Indians 
and removal to Easthamp- 
ton, we cannot do better 
than quote from the Chroni- 
cles of Easthampton, an ex- 
cellent work by an eminent 
authority, The Honourable 
David Gardiner, father of 
the late Colonel David L. 
Gardiner. Of Gardiner's 
Island, at the time of its first 
settlement, Mr. Gardiner 
writes : " Much of the open 
ground had been planted by 
the Indians with corn, and 
it was here that the first rude 
beginnings ■ of cultivation 

were made. The goat and the hog were the first domestic animals 
introduced ; and the field pea, the pumpkin, and the Indian corn were 
the first gatherings of their planting. Cows and horses were subse- 
quently obtained from New England, and wheat and barley soon suc- 
ceeded the other crops. Lion Gardiner continued on his island with 
his family unril 1653, when he removed with his wife and daughters and 
located himself at the southern part of what is now the village of East- 




\ JO The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. [Oct., 

hampton. David, his son, with the laborers and farmers, remained until 
1657, when he left for England and spent some years in London. 

"The disturbed and restless state of the surrounding Indians, and the 
continually threatened and often expected incursions of the Narragansetts, 
gave Gardiner much uneasiness and occasioned frequent alarm. To pro- 
tect his family and people against the stealthy attack of the lurking and 
crafty foe, required from him incessant watchfulness. The duties of 
'watch and ward,' which had been familiar to him from early life, were 
vigilantly executed ; and the rigid observance of all necessary circumspec- 
tion was daily and nightly enforced. During the first year of his resi- 
dence here he could derive no aid from any English settlement, nearer 
than the one he had assisted in forming at the mouth of Connecticut 
river ; and in case of emergency, his only reliance for support was upon 
his friend, Wyandanch. His own safety, however, was not his only care, 
and during a residence of sixteen years on his island, he continued in 
correspondence with the governors of New Haven and Hariford, exhort- 
ing them to vigilance, and communicating such intelligence of the 
projects and movements of the Indians of New England as he was enabled 
to derive from his intimacy with the chiefs of the Montauketts. Wyan- 
danch kept him well advised of the plots and plans of his old enemv 
Miantonomoh, the Narragansett sachem, who after the Pequot war had 
become much disaffected towards the English. 

"Under the impression that mischief was on foot against the settle- 
ments, Lion Gardiner made frequent visits to Montauk, and on one 
occasion met Miantonomoh there. Wyandanch communicated to him 
the object and views of the Narragansetts, and the following eloquent 
' talk ' ensued : 

" 'You must not,' said Miantonomoh, 'give to the English any more 
wampum, for they are no sachems ; nor shall any of their children be, 
in their place, if they die. They have no tribute given them. There is 
but one king in England who is over them all ; and if you should give 
him an hundred thousand fathoms of wampum he would not give you a 
knife for it, nor thank you.' 

"'Then,' said Wyandanch, 'they will come and kill us all, as they 
did the Pequots.' 

' ' No,' replied the Narragansett, ' the Pequots gave them wampum 
and beaver which they loved so well, but they sent it to them again 
because they had killed an Englishman. But you have killed none ; 
therefore give them nothing.' Some time after this, when Wyandanch 
was absent, he returned again with a troop of men ; and instead of 
receiving presents as a superior, as he had formerly done, he brought 
presents for them, and addressed to them this artful and impressive speech : 
" ' Brothers, we must be one, as the English are one ; otherwise we shall 
all shortly be gone. You know our fathers had plenty of deer and skins : 
our woods and plains were full of deer and turkeys, and our coves of fish 
and fowl. But. brothers, these Englishmen have gotten our lands ; 
t'ley cut down the grass with their scythes, and, with their axes, fell the 
trees. Their cows and horses eat up the grass, and their hogs spoil our 
clam beds, and we shall be starved. Therefore, stand not in your own 
light, but resolve with us to act like men. All the sachems, both east and 
west, have joined with us, and we are resolved to fall upon the English 
at an appointed time. For this purpose I have come secretly to you, 



».] 



The Gardiner Family and Garainer's Island. 



I 7 I 



because you can persuade the Indians and sachems of Long Island what 
you will. Brothers, I will send over fifty Indians to Block Island, and 
thirty to you from thence ; and take a hundred of Southampton Indians, 
with a hundred of your own here, and when you see the three fires that will 
be made at the end of forty days hence in a clear night, then do as we all 
do, and follow, and kill men, women and children, but not the cows, as 
they will serve for provisions till the deer be increased.' 




"The old man replied, ' It is well.' 

" Wyandanch, on his return, discovered to Lion Gardiner the visit of 
Miantonomoh and his projects for the destruction ot the English. This 
information he immediately communicated to the magistracy of Connec- 
ticut. 'So the plot,' says Gardiner, 'failed ; and the plotter, next spring 
after, did as Ahab did at Ramoth Gilead.' 

"On the death of Miantonomoh, another sachem of the Narragansetts, 
called by the Montauketts Ninicraft, and who bore also other names, under- 



I - 2 J lie Gardiner Family and (iardinc/'s Island. [Oct., 

took to cany into effect the plans which had heretofore failed. More 
subtle than Miantonomoh, he possessed equal pride and fierceness. The 
arbitral)' course pursued against him by the whites made him implacable 
in his hatted toward them, but he was sagacious enough to avoid the 
danger of an open rupture. Ninicraft, two years after the death of Mianto- 
nomoh, sent one ol his captains to open again proposa's of a combination 
against the English. But Wyandanch, true to his friend, seized the mes- 
senger and delivered him bound to Gardiner, who, placing him in charge 
of his servants and nine meh, ordered them to deliver him over to the 
Governor of New Haven. The weather proving unfavorable, they were 
detained for some days at Shelter Island, when the prisoner escaped from 
them, and apprised Ninicraft of his unsuccessful mission and the 
unfriendly act of the Montauketts. 

" In 1649 the murder of a white woman was perpetrated at Southamp- 
ton, and gave great alarm to the people of that town. It was done in 
retaliation by the friends of a Pequot who had been executed there as a 
murderer ; the Indian principle of revenge, as opportunity offered, made 
her its victim. As the whites were at that time ignorant of the causes of 
the murder, and of the persons who had committed it, they were apprehen- 
sive of the existence of a general feeling of hosti ity among the Indians, 
and for some time went armed to their labors in the fields, and to their 
places of wo ship on the Sabbath. The magistrates, supposing the guilty to 
be oT that n ition, called upon the sachem of the Shinnecock tribe to deliver 
them up. He being ignorant, or affecting to be so, of the authors of the 
crime. the\ could gain no information from him. Suspecting then the 
Montaukett tribe might have been connected with the murder, and not 
attributing to individual revenge the commission of the deed as they 
should have done, the magistrates of the town sent an Indian to require 
the attendance of Wyandanch before them. The Indian messenger was 
immediately noised abroad, and a general meeting of the head men and 
people was collected before the wigwam of the chief. The story having 
been related, there was a general cry that Wyandanch should not go. 
They believed that if he did go he would be made to suffer for the guilty, 
and entertained no doubt that as soon as the magistrates had him in their 
possession they would cause him to be put to death. They, therefore, 
directed the messenger to inform the magistrates that their sachem should 
not leave them, but that they would live there or die there with him. 
This resolution having been declared, and silence ensuing for some time, 
Wyandanch arose to address them, for as yet he had only listened to the 
talk of his people. He inquired whether any of them had been to South- 
ampton within the last three days ; whether any of them had expressed 
any hostile intent against the English, and whether any one of them had 
any knowledge of the murder and concealed it. To these inquiries 
he answered in the negative. He then proposed to awaken his friend, 
and submit themselves to his advice and direction. Supposing him to 
have been asleep during the debate, Wyandanch related the story and talk 
to Gardiner, but he had already heard it ; he had not slept, but, expect- 
ing to be questioned, had prepared his answer. He advised Wyandanch 
as the only means of dispelling their causeless jealousy, which he regret- 
ted much should have been entertained of so good a friend to the Eng- 
lish, to obey at once the mandate of the magistrate, to depart immedi- 
ately, speed his way as fast as possible to the tribe of his brother, the 



.8 9 2.j 



The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. 



Shinnecock sachem, and find out the murderer. That in the meantime 
(although as soon as the moon had risen he had intended to have returned 
to his island) he would remain as a hostage with the tribe for f is safetv. 
That should the magistrates bind or kill him, he would submit himself to 
a like punishment. To this the head men replied : ' Wurrenger ! Wur- 
renger ! ' (It is well ! It is well !) And the tribe, with loud and joyous 
cry, shouted their thanks. With a note from Gardiner to the magis- 
trates, Wyandanch set forth. The English were requested to give him 
food and drink as he went, but not to stav him, ' for he had his way 
before him.' That same night, after travelling upwards of thirty miles, 
he discovered three Indians, who had been either principals or acces- 
sories to the murder, and brought them before die magistrates in the 
morning. These Indians, one of whom was a chief called the Blue 
Sachem, a person "I much consequence, were sent to Hartford for trial, 
and convicted and hung." 

In the year 1655 hostilities began between Ninicraft and Wyandanch. 
Ninicraft, actuated perhaps by the hatred he bcre the Long Island sachem 
for his attachment to the English, accused him of treacherous'} 1 assaulting 
him, some years before, and killing several of his people. Wyandanch, 
hearing that Ninicraft was on Block Island, proceeded thither with a 
powerful force. Arriving late at night he attacked the Narragansetts and 
killed many of their tribe, among them the nephew of their sachem Nini- 
craft, crossed over to Long Island and came upon the Montauketts un- 
awares while thev were engaged celebrating the nuptial festivities attending 
the marriage of Wyandanch's daughter. In the struggle that ensued many 
of their principal warriors lost their lives, including the bridegroom of the 
sachem's daughter. Then followed the 
usual depredations, the destruction ol 
wigwams and crops, and the capture of 
fourteen women, among whom was the 
bride, the only daughter of Wyandanch. 
The kidnapping of his child deeply af- 
fected Wyandanch, but his affliction 
was dispelled, long before the close of 
the war, by Linn Gardiner, who redeemed 
the maiden from her unhappy fate and 
restored her to her grateful father. 

Of the character of Lion Gardiner, 
Mr. Gardiner writes: "In the latter 
part of the year 1663 Lion Gardiner had 
deceased. During his residence of eight 
or nine years in Easthampton, he had 
been active in composing the affairs, and 
promoting the quiet harmony and pros- 
perity of the community. With the 
natives, to whom he was well known by 
an intimate acquaintance of many years, mrs. john lyon Gardiner. 

his influence was constantly exercised, in 

infusing into their minds favorable impressions of the honest motives and 
kind disposition of their new neighbors. In this he was eminently suc- 
cessful, and during their whole intercourse with the natives the whites 
were never compelled to resort to arms. Mutual offices of friendship 




1 - i The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. [Oct., 

were in constant pract ce between them. Some misunderstandings did 
occasionally exist, but none greater than often happened between con- 
tiguous civilized communities. Their intercourse was, in fact, on the 
most friendly footing, and the whites acquired such assistance in the 
labors of cultivation, and iheir domestic employments, as rendered in 
a great degree unfelt the inconveniences that were experienced in all 
the settlements of that period Irom the want of white laborers. The 
profession of arms, in which he had spent the earlier part of his life, 
inured him to hardships, and prepared him to contend successfully with the 
fatigues and hazards of life in the wilderness. He had, no doubt, care- 
fully studied and watched the manners of the Indians ; he understood 
their language, and by his integrity, decision and bravery, which were 
characteristic of his command of the fort of Saybrook, and of his resi- 
dence on his island, he gained their love and admiration. His home and 
table were ever free, and he was generous and kind as well to the stranger 
as to his companions. Governor Winthrop, General Mason, and Sir 
Richard Saltonstall made favorable mention of his hospitality at the 
fort, and acknowledge with the most cordial feelings his acquaintance and 
friendship. Mason says that, on his return from the Pequot expedition, "he 
was nobly entertained by Lieutenant Gardiner, who was chief commander 
at Saybrook Fort, with many great guns, and received from him many 
courtesies." The easy access to the protection of his roof, though often 
abused by the worthless, who took advantage of it to depredate upon his 
property, was never withheld from those who sought it. While at Say- 
brook, his generosity was evinced in the redemption, from the Pequot 
Indians, of two maidens, who had been captured in the attack upon 
Wetliersfield. He clothed and fed them and restored them to their friends, 
at his own private expense, without asking or receiving any remuneration. 
With all the frankness, gayety, and bravery of an old soldier, he possessed 
the zeal, piety, and prudent forethought which marked the character of the 
Puritans. From all who knew him he received favor and respect. Kind 
and amiable in his social intercourse, he was yet exact in the performance 
of his own duties, and rigid and persevering in requiring the discharge of 
those due from others. Open to persuasion, and yielding to the wishes 
of his friends, when the gratification of their desires did not compromise 
the integrity of his conduct, he was yet firm and decided in the main- 
tenance of his independence and honor. Though comparatively few 
memorials of him are left, yet they abundantly show, that, as a man, he 
was honest, intelligent, and resolute ; as a soldier, brave, able, and gener- 
ous. The respect and veneration ot his townsmen were shown in their 
courteous designation of him, and their unsolicited readiness to punish 
what might be deemed offensive. When during the apprehended Dutch 
war, an individual in the fervor of his patriotism declared that he would 
even strike Lion Gardiner if he should help the Dutch, it met the censure 
of the General Court." 

Lion Gardiner, by his last will, devised all of his estate to his wife — 
implying a confidence in her judgment and discretion which was not mis- 
placed. She survived her husband only two years, and bequeathed to her 
son David her island, which she entailed, and to her daughter Mary, and 
grandchild Elizabeth, all her possessions in Easthampton. Her daughter 
Elizabeth, who was the first child of English parentage born in the 
colony of New York, died in February, 1657, at the early age of sixteen 



>»•] 



The Gardiner Family and Gardiner 's Island. 



I 75 



years. Her daughter Mary died in June, 1727, at the advanced age of 
eighty-nine years. They were both interred in the South Burial Ground 
in Easthampton. 

The grave of Lion Gardiner, in Easthampton, is marked by a 
monument constructed entirely of Westerly granite, a stone of fine 
grain, and of lasting qualities. Erected in the year 1886, it is prob- 
ably the only one of its kind in this country. A recumbent figure 
represents the sturdy old warrior clad in the military garb of his day, 
with the visor of his helmet closed. A roof, supported by eight pillars, 




THE TOMB OF LION 



serves to protect the effigy from the action of the elements, and the base 
upon which the figure rests has on its four sides, cut in old-fashioned 
letters, a short sketch of Lion Gardiner's life as soldier and citizen. 
The monument is enclosed by a handsome wrought-iron railing embel- 
lished with a foliated design and the coat-of-arms. 

It is a beautiful and enduring memorial — handsome, but not osten- 
tatious — of Lion Gardiner, one of the finest characters of our early 
history. It is the conception of James Renwick, Esq., architect of 
St. Patrick's Cathedral and Grace Church, New York,, besides other 
important ecclesiastical edifices. It was erected at the expense of Mrs. 



I 76 lh e Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. [Oct., 

Sarah Diodati Thompson, daughter of the seventh lord of the manor, 
and of' Mrs. Mary Thompson Gardiner, widow of Samuel B. Gardiner, 
the tenth lord. 

David Gardiner, the first white child born in Connecticut, and only 
son of Lion Gardiner, inherited the island. He was educated in 
England, and was married to Mary Lerringham, June 4, 1657, in St. 
Margaret's Church, adjoining Westminster Abbey. London. 

Long Island was now under the jurisdiction of the Duke of York, 
according to the treaty of Hartford of 1650. In compliance with the 
laws adopted by the convention held at Hempstead, Long Island, in 
March, 1665, by order of Richard Nicolls, Deputy Governor of New 
York, a patent dated October 5, 1^65, was obtained from Governor 
Nicolls by David Gardiner, which confirmed the former patent from 
the deputy of the Earl of Sterling, granted to his father, for Gardiner's 
Island. This new patent required that the payment of ^5 annually, 
which had been reserved to the Earl, should be made to the present 
governor and successors, and declared that the grantee, his heirs and 
assigns, "should enjoy in said island all such privileges as any towns 
within that government had or enjoyed, and likewise that the said 
island should be free from depending on the jurisdiction of any other 
Towne, both in relation of military affairs and public rates, and solely 
and only to be accountable for the premises to the governor or his suc- 
cessors." A patent was also obtained the next year, bearing date the 
13th of March. A deed of release was afterwards obtained from 
Governor Lovelace bearing date the 23d of September. By an agree- 
ment made before the governor and the General Court of Assizes, 
October, 1670, remitting " for divers good causes and considerations 
and particularly for a sum of money to him in hands paid the rent of 
^5 annually, and only reserving, as an acknowledgment to his royal 
highness, one lamb to be paid on the first day of May, yearly." 

The first General Assembly of the Colony, which met in 1683, 
joined Gardiner's Island to Long Island, without the consent of or 
knowledge of its proprietor, and notwithstanding that a distinct 
existence had been secured and confirmed to it by the patents. David 
Gardiner, in a petition to Governor Dongan the succeeding year, 
remonstrated warmly against this arbitrary act of the assembly invading 
rights secured to him, for ample consideration, by four agents of princes, 
three of whom had been governors under the then reigning monarch. 
In this petition, he set forth that his island. had been settled by his 
father before there was an Englishman settled on Long Island ; had 
been held forty-four years in peaceful possession ; had contributed 
upwards of ^280 to tine support of the government, and never had any 
connection with Long Island, nor received any assistance whatever 
from it, even amid the perils of the Indian wars. This petition led to 
the grant by Governor Done;an of another, being the last patent, bear- 
ing date the nth of September, 1686, in the second year of James 
II. This patent confirmed and ratified those which preceded it and 
erected the island " into one Lordship and Manor, to be henceforth 
called the Lordship and Manor of Gardiner's Island." It granted to 
David Gardiner, and to his heirs and assigns of the said David Gardi- 
ner, full power and authority at all times forever hereafter, in the said 
Lordship and Manor, one Court Leet and one Court Baron to hold and 



|8 9 2.] 



The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. 



keep, at such time and times, and so often yearly as he or they shall 
see meet." It granted also the necessary powers " for holding and 
keeping of the said Court Leet and Court Baron, to be kept by the 
heirs and assigns of the said David Gardiner forever, or their or any of 
their stewards, deputed and appointed, with free and ample power and 
authority to distrain for rents, services and against sums of money 
payable by virtue of the premises ; and all other lawful remedies and 
means for the having, possessing, recovering, levying and enjoying the 
premises, and every part and parcel of the same, and all waifs, estrays, 
happening within the said Lordship and Manor of Gardiner's Island, 
etc., etc." It also granted " advowson and right of patronage, in all 
and every church and churches, erected or established, or hereafter to 
be erected or established," in the same, and provides "that the tenants 
shall meet together and choose assessors after the manner prescribed 
for cities, towns and counties, by the act of the General Assembly, for 
defraying the public charge of each respective city, town, etc.," the 
sums raised to be collected and disposed of as directed by the same 
act. The manor was " to be holden of his most sacred majesty, his 
heirs and successors in free and common socage, according to the 
tenure of East Greenwich, in the Kingdom of England," yielding and 
paying therefor yearly "one lamb on the first day of May, at New 
York, in lieu of all services whatsoever." 

David Gardiner, second proprietor and lord of the manor, died July 
10, 1689, at Hartford, Connecticut, where he was engaged in public 
business on behalf of the settlers on the eastern part of Long Island. 
On his monument in the old burial ground of the Centre Church at 
Hartford, is inscribed : " Well, sick, dead, in one hour's space." What 
was the immediate cause of his death, is not mentioned, and is net 
known. He had four children 
— John, David, Lion, and 
Elizabeth. 

John, born April 19, 166 1, 
inherited the island and was 
the third proprietor. It was 
during his life that the island 
was visited by that celebrated 
piratical adventurer. Captain 
William Kidd, who made it 
the repository of his stolen 
treasures. 

Visiting New York in his 
ship Adventure Galley, Kidd 
discharged part of his crew 
and filled their places with 
New- York and New Jersey 
seamen, bringing his comple- 
ment up to 155 men. He then directed his course for the Indian 
Ocean, rounding the Cape of Good Hope about three months after- 
ward, and while cruising near Calcutta he captured a vessel of 150 tons, 
and a few weeks later he overhauled the Moorish ship Quedah mer- 
chant, with an English captain and native crew of ninety men. 

This vessel was sailing under a French pass, and was therefore, 




CAMP LIQl'El-R- 



I 78 Tte Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. [Oct., 

according to the maritime law, a legitimate prize. Kidd took her into 
St. Marie, near Madagascar, where some of his men deserted him for 
a small vessel which lay in the harbor, and in which they afterward did 
some buccaneering on their own account. Finding the Adventure 
galley in bad condition, Kidd disposed of her, took his men on board 
the Quedah merchant, and sailed for the West Indies. Being short 
of provisions and water he put in to Curacoa, and here he heard some- 
thing to his disadvantage. The East India Company had complained 
to the government that Kidd had interfered with their trade by seizing 
the neutral vessel Quedah merchant. The charge was brought up in 
Parliament and used for party ends, the Whigs and Tories being at 
that time engaged in a bitter political struggle. 

The Lord High Chancellor and the other titled projectors of Kidd's 
expedition were accused of sharing in the proceeds of piracy, and the 
king, to bring the controversy to a close, ordered the arrest of Kidd. 
He resolved to return to England to face his accusers and defend his 
honor. Suspecting that one of his accusers might be, for political rea- 
sons, the Earl of Bellomont, now governor of New York and New 
England, Kidd concluded to call at Boston where the governor was 
sojourning, and in the presence of the Earl make a full confession of his 
deeds and demand protection from his old associate. He immediately 
purchased a small sloop, the Antonio, which he loaded with the coin 
and jewels he had captured during his foray in the Indian Ocean, and 
sailed for Boston, leaving the Quedah merchant with the remainder 
of the booty at Curacoa in charge of part of his crew. Believing that 
it would be better for him to appear before the Earl of Bellomont with 
clean hands, he touched at Gardiner's Island and there buried his 
treasure for safe-keeping, availing himself of the opportunity to lay in a 
fresh supply of provisions at the same time. Kidd being unknown to 
Mr. Gardiner, he was received with the usual politeness shown to well- 
appearing strangers, and Kidd, as a token of his regard for Mr. Gar- 
diner and of his appreciation of the courtesies he extended to him, 
presented Mrs. Gardiner with a beautifully woven silk fabric enriched 
by a chaste design exquisitely embroidered in gold thread. Captain 
Kidd informed Mrs. Gardiner that it was taken by him from the 
Quedah merchant, and that it was part of the wedding trousseau of 
the Great Mogul's daughter. Kidd's suspicions as to the good faith of 
the Earl of Bellomont were correct, for the Earl ordered him into con- 
finement, keeping him in irons part of the time, until he was transported 
to England, and there, after remaining a year in Newgate prison, he was 
tried on a charge of piracy and murder, a crime he expiated at the 
gallows. By order of the Earl of Bellomont officers were sent to 
Gardiner's Island to exhume and take possession of the treasure. They 
were conducted by Mr. Gardiner, whom Kidd had taken into his confi- 
dence, to the hiding-place, and after satisfying themselves that every- 
thing had been removed, a careful inventory was made of the articles 
found and a receipt given for the same to Mr. Gardiner. 

John Gardiner lived to the age of upwards of seventy-seven years, 
and died June 25, 1738. His death was caused by a fall from his 
horse at Groton, Connecticut, while on a visit to New London. His 
remains were interred in the old cemetery at New London, and his 
grave is marked by a heavy stone slab supported upon five piers ; and 



)».] 



The Gardiner Family and Gardiner 's Island. 



i/9 



upon a piece of slate, let into the slab, is sculptured the coat of arms, 
and the following inscription : " Here lyeth buried ye body of his 
Excellency John Gardiner, Third Lord of ye Isle of Wight. He was 
born April 19, 1661, and departed this life June 25, 1738." Gardiner 
was four times married, and his sons were David, Samuel, John, 
Joseph and Jonathan. David inherited the island, and a large real and 
personal property was divided among the others. 

David Gardiner, his eldest son, born January 3, 1691, succeeded 
his father as Fourth Lord of the Manor. He was the last proprietor 
who could speak the Indian language. The following entry appears on 
the church records : " 175 1, July 4th, died Lord Gardiner, aged sixty, 
having been sick for some months." His sons were John, Abraham, 




Samuel and David. John and David were educated at Yale College, 
and took their degrees in 1736. Samuel and David engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits. Abraham, known as Colonel Gardiner, of Revolu- 
tionary fame, inherited an estate at Easthampton, where he lived 
highly esteemed until his death, in the sixty-second year of his age, in 
1782. David Gardiner in his will says: "I give and bequeath unto 
my beloved son, John Gardiner, my Island, lying in the county of 
Suffolk, in the province of New York, commonly called and known 
by the name of Gardiner's Island, and after his decease to his eldest 
son, and after the decease of said eldest son, and in that manner to 
continue in a lineal descent of the male line of my family to the end 
of time, to the end that the right of said Island shall forever hereafter 
be vested in him that shall have the Sir-name of Gardiner, and descend 
from my posterity." 



i So 



The Gardiner family and Gardiner's Island. 



I Oct. 




1)K. IIARIMNKK S WAiril. 



During the life of David Gardiner, fourth lord of the manor, the 
island was again visited by pirates ; this time by Spanish buccaneers, 
who in September, 1728, came to anchor in Gardiner's Bay. Their 
vessel mounted six guns, and in the night the crew landed for the 
purpose of plunder. The family of Mr. Gardiner had retired to rest, 
and, until their slumbers were disturbed by the shouts of the buc- 
caneers and their attempts to break open 
the house, had no notice of their approach, 
and were unconscious of danger. Having 
ascertained that all resistance would be un- 
availing, Mr. Gardiner, who had been for 
some time confined to his bed by sickness, 
and was too ill for removal, committed his 
children and the females of his family to the 
care of an Indian, who had been in his em- 
ploy as purveyor for his table from the waters 
and woods of the island, that he might trans- 
port them to the opposite shore. Some of 
them had already escaped from the house 
and concealed themselves among the shrub- 
bery in the garden, while others had fled 
to a neighboring swamp. The Indian had 
fortunately left his canoe at a distance, and 
after having gathered together some of the 
fugitives, was enabled by a circuitous route to elude the vigilance 
of the pirates and reach Accabonack harbor. The usual place of 
crossing the bay was strictly watched, to prevent information from 
being conveyed to Long Island. Having made good an entrance into 
the house, the sea rovers proceeded to accomplish their designs. In 
the pursuit of plunder they destroyed the furniture, opened the beds, 
in quest of money supposed to be concealed in them, and scattered 
their contents to the air, and took possession of the table service, the 
bedding, clothing, and household articles of every description. Except- 
ing a small silver tankard, which was seized by Mrs. Gardiner as she 
hurried from her dwelling, all the family plate fell into their hands. 
Toward those who remained, the robbers exercised the most brutal 
treatment. Mr. Gardiner was severely wounded, and many of his 
laborers were cut by their weapons, and otherwise suffered from their 
violence. During several days they continued their depredations upon 
the provisions and stock, and removed to their vessel every available 
article the island afforded. One man was taken on board and detained 
three days. On the third or fourth day information was got to New- 
London, whence a boat was immediately sent to Rhode Island with the 
intelligence. The volunteers answered the beat of the drum, and two 
sloops, manned with seventy men each, under the command of Captain 
Tohn Clarke and Robert Elliott, set out in pursuit. Receiving word on 
the way from a person named Bebee, who had escaped from their 
hands, that the buccaneers remained at anchor under the island, they 
pushed forward with all expedition, but their approach was discovered 
or suspected and the pirates escaped. 

John Gardiner, eldest son of David, became the fifth lord of the 
island. He was born June 9, 1714, and died May 19, 1764, on Gar- 



[8 Q 2.J 



The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. 



iSl 



diner's Island, and was there interred. A stone in the South Burial 
Ground at Easthampton records the death of " Elizabeth, wife of the 
Hon'ble John Gardiner, Lord of the Isle of Wight," in 1754, at the age 
of forty. After her death he married Deborah Avery, whom he left a 
widow, when she married General Israel Putnam of the American army. 
She died at his headquarters in the Highlands, and was buried in the 
vault of Colonel Beverly Robinson. He died on his island, May 19, 
1764, and was there interred. He had seven children. His sons were 
David, John and Septimus. 

David, the eldest, was educated at Vale College, where he graduated 
in 1759. He received the island by entail, and was the sixth lord. 
His wife wfls the daughter of the Rev. Samuel Bull, D.D., a distin- 
guished clergyman of his day. David Gardiner's death occurred Sep- 
tember 8, 1774, at the age of thirty-six years. His sons were John 
Lyon and David. They took their degrees at the College of New 




GKOl'P OF OLD FAMILY SILVER. 



Jersey, in 1789. During their minority, the island was for some time 
under the supervision of Colonel Abraham Gardiner, David Mulford 
and Thomas Wickham, of Easthampton, executors of their father's 
estate. At a meeting of the citizens of Easthampton, held June 17, 
1774, to take action concerning the attitude of the colonists toward 
Great Britain, it was unanimously agreed to support the popular cause. 
A standing committee was chosen, consisting of Colonel Abraham 
Gardiner, John Gardiner, Esq., and others, for " keeping up a corre- 
spondence with the City of New York and the other towns of this 
colony ; and if there is occasion, with the other colonies." When the 
articles of association, suggested by the Continental Congress, were 
remitted to them for signature, they came forward in a body, and 
without exception pledged themselves "never to become slaves." 
They drew the attention'of Congress to the exposed position of Gar- 
diner's Island to the attacks of the enemy, also to their own perilous 
situation, and petitioned that troops be sent them for protection. After 



1 32 The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. [Oct., 

much dilatory action on the part of Congress that body finally granted 
their request, but unfortunately before troops could be concentrated the 
dangers anticipated by the people were upon them. On August 8, the 
very day Congress was arranging a plan of defence, a British fleet of 
thirteen sail appeared in Gardiner's Bay. The flotilla, commanded 
by Abijah WUlard, carried in addition to its usual force two hundred 
regulars. The British commander landed on Gardiner's Island, and 
proposed to open negotiations for the purchase of the stock and 
provisions, but Colonel Gardiner, guardian of the children of the late 
proprietor, resisted all his overtures, and used every exertion to pro- 
tect the property. Despatches were sent to the neighboring shores 
and to Connecticut, to alarm and assemble the inhabitants. A large 
body of volunteers started for Gardiner's Island, but were turned back 
by false intelligence to the effect that the enemy had departed ; and 
so badly were affairs conducted, that though there W3S no want of 
time or means of conveyance, out of the thousand men who had taken 
up arms, only one company of about forty reached Gardiner's Island in 
time to see the British depart and the fleet under weigh. In the mean- 
time, when the enemy were satisfied that no purchases could be effected, 
they commenced forcible depredations, and from the 7th to the nth, 
the day of their departure, plundered the island of a great quantity 
of stock and produce. They conveyed to their ships nearly twelve hun- 
dred sheep, more than sixty head of cattle and swine, fowl, cheese, 
and hay, of the total value of between three and four thousand dollars. 
The losses already sustained, and an anxious desire on the part of the 
citizens to cut off the British forces from further supplies, induced 
Congress to appoint a committee to take an inventory of the stock on 
Gardiner's Island and Montauk, and report what action was advisable 
in relation thereto. In their memorial to Congress they advised the 
removal of the stock from the island as recommended by Congress 
previous to their appointment. Desolation was adopted as the only 
means of safety ; and before the 1st of September, all the stock of 
every description had been conveyed from Gardiner's Island. Another 
British fleet, under Admiral Arbuthnot, entered Gardiner's Bay, where 
they remained at anchor during the winter of 1780-81. The behavior 
of this force contrasted strikingly with that under Willard. Rigorous 
discipline was observed, and their conduct as an enemy was without 
reproach. Requisitions were made weekly upon the inhabitants for 
provisions, and prompt payment made for all such as were needed. 

John-Lyon Gardiner succeeded his father as seventh lord of the 
manor. He was born November 8, 1770 ; was educated at Princeton 
College, and died November 22, 1816, and was buried on the island. 
Literary in his tastes and fond of antiquarian research, he compiled a 
list of Long Island Indian words and contributed much curious and 
important information bearing on local history. He married March 4, 
1803, Sarah Griswold, daughter of John Griswold, Esq., of Connecticut, 
(brother of Governor Roger Griswold), and granddaughter of Governor 
Matthew Griswold and of Ursula Wolcott, daughter of Governor 
Roger Wolcott. Her mother was Sarah Diodati, daughter of Rev. 
Stephen and Elizabeth Diodati Johnson, and descended from Cornelio 
Diodati of a noble Italian family, who went from Coreglia and settled 
in Lucca in the year 1300. From Lucca some of the family removed 



1892.] The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. x'&X 

to Switzerland, from there to London, and finally William Diodati came 
to America. The title of count is still held by them. William Dio- 
dati was a gentleman and a man of fine education, and left his library 
to Yale College. His sister married an Englishman named Scarlett, 
of good family. She had no children, and by her will her brother 
William came into possession of considerable silver plate, some of 
which is marked with the arms of the Scarlett family, and is now 
preserved by his descendants, who are very few in number, the male 
line having become extinct in this country. The Diodati have 
occupied many high civil and military positions, and their nobility has 
been granted in Italy, Austria, France and Germany. Count Gabriel 
Diodati and his brother Count Aloys, ;<re the present representatives 
of the family and reside in Geneva, Switzerland. 

During the proprietorship of John Lyon Gardiner war with Great 
Britain had been declared, and Gardiner's Bay became once more the 
rendezvous of English fleets. Many interesting anecdotes are related 
of the visitation of the British to Gardiner's Island. Some of these 
have appeared in print and are here copied: — In April, 1813, a ^ or " 
midable British fleet made its appearance in the Sound. The first 
news of its arrival was brought to New London by Captain H. T. 
Champlin of the ship " Superior," which was boarded off Montauk by 
the " Eolus," Captain Lord Townshend, thirty-two guns, but was gener- 
ously permitted to proceed. The British standard was raised on Block 
Island, while Commodore Sir Thomas Hardv in the flag-ship '' Ramil- 
lies," the " Orpheus," Captain Sir Hugh Pigott, with the other vessels, 
cruised along the coast, but making their headquarters principally in Gar- 
diner's Bay. Sir Thomas Hardy soon acquired among the inhabitants 
an enviable reputation for courtesy and humanity, and all the officers 
connected with the fleet during the war behaved generallv in a highly hon- 
orable manner. On the 1st of June an American squadron consisting of 
the frigates " United States " and " Macedonian," and the sloop-of-war 
" Hornet," with Commodore Decatur and Captains Jones and Biddle, 
came through the sound from New York, hoping to slip out to sea by 
Montauk, but were chased into New London harbor by two British 74's 
and a frigate, where they were blockaded during the remainder of the 
war. Soon after this event the British fleet was increased by the arrival 
of several other vessels, until it consisted of seven ships-of-the-line 
besides smaller vessels. While the British squadron was blockading 
New London a boat's crew of Decatur's men slipped out of that harbor, 
passed the English ships and landed on Gardiner's Island. They con- 
cealed themselves until a party landed from one of the British ships and 
went up to the Manor House. They then came suddenly upon the 
Englishmen and took them prisoners, carrying them away at once. 
The captured sailors were greatly enraged, and one officer tore his hair 
and rolled on the grass, so disconcerted was he at his capture. When the 
commander of the fleet, Commodore Sir Thomas Hardy, heard of this 
affair, he thought that John Lyon Gardiner, proprietor of the island, 
had betrayed his men into the hands of the Americans. Boats were at 
once ordered to patrol the waters around the island to prevent the 
escape of the Americans with their prisoners, but this was too late, as 
they had already gone. A detachment of officers and men was detailed 
to arrest Gardiner and carry him off to the fleet. He, however, got 



184 ? ne Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. |(>ct ., 

information of their design and escaped by feigning sickness. Through 
the persuasions of his wife he was induced to go to bed in a chamber 
called the " green room," and as he was quite pale, being in delicate 
health at the time, the reflection of the green curtains to the bedstead 
gave him the appearance of an invalid. A small table was also brought 
alongside the bed, on which was placed medicine, glasses, spoons, etc. 
The British officers soon reached the Manor House and made known 
the object of their visit. They were told that the proprietor was ill, but 
this they would not believe and insisted on seeing him. Several officers 
went to his room ; and at the door were met by Mrs. Gardiner, who 
requested them to make as little noise as possible, and admitted them to 
see her husband. They were completely deceived by his appearance, and 
thinking that it would be an encumbrance to have a sick man on board 
ship, they demanded that his eldest son David, a boy of eleven years, be 
given up as a hostage ; but fortunately he was absent at the time, being 
away at school. They left after threatening that if anything of the kind 
happened again they would hold Lord Gardiner personally responsible. 
It is needless to say that John Lyon Gardiner was entirely ignorant of the 
presence on the island of the Americans, and was much annoyed that 
it should have occurred on his property, as it placed himself and family 
in a very unpleasant position, for the British possessed the power and 
might retaliate on them at any time. 

Copy of a letter from Charles Paget, senior officer, commanding the 
British squadron off New London, to John-Lyon Gardiner, Esq., of 
Gardiner's Island. 

Sir: 1 have discovered a degree of doubt and suspicion in the mind of the officers 
of the squadron I command in regard to the disposition of the inhabitants of Gardi- 
ner's Island towards us. In order, therefore, that there should in future be no mis- 
trust on the one hand, or any plea of ignorance attempted to be established on the other, 
this is to give notice to you, and you are hereby looked upon as the person the fittest 
to proclaim the purport of this communication throughout the Island : That the said 
Gardiner's Island has been permitted the indulgence of remaining in its present 
peaceable situation throughout the war and is still enjoying it by sufferance only, and 
therefore if ever the most trivial instance of hostility is ever practiced upon any boat 
or upon any individual whatsoever belonging to the squadron under my command, or 
if it should ever be discovered that any men under arms or on any pretence whatsoever 
are landed on the said Island, the most serious consequences will be visited upon you 
and your property and the rest of the Island, and that there may be no possible 
grounds for our mistaking each other, I hereby in writing set down the terms upon 
which alone Gardiner's Island will be permitted to remain unmolested. Supplies 
will be required from time to time upon the same footing as heretofore. I am. sir. 
Your very humble servant, 

Charles Pag* i . 

On one occasion Captain Sir Hugh Figott with a number of men 
landed on Gardiner's Island and made unreasonable demands at the 
Manor House. He was very insulting, and threatened to fire into the 
house. Gardiner sent all his family and servants into the cellar, 
expecting him to carry out his threat, but finally he left without doing 
so. One of the officers, when the party had nearly reached the shore. 
returned, as if he had forgotten something, and told Mr. Gardiner that 
he had been treated in a very unjustifiable manner, and that he should 
report Captain Pigott to Sir Thomas Hardy. Sir Thomas immediately 
wrote a letter to Mr. Gardiner, regretting that he should have received 
such treatment from one of his officers. 



The GarJiner Family <nt</ Gardiner's Island. 



185 



A part} - of British sailors taking advantage of the nearness of the 
fleet to Gardiner's Island, deserted and went ashore on the island. 
Here they seized the boat belonging to the Proprietor and crossed to 
Long Island, where they effected their escape. The island boat, which 
they had turned adrift, was afterwards picked up and restored to its 
owner. Sir Thomas Hardy, in a letter to Mr. Gardiner, apologizing 
for the conduct of the deserters says : 

Mv Dear Sir: I am extremely sorry for what happened the other day, but I am 
fully persuaded that the boats came over i]uite unknown to you. I therefore do not 
attach the least blame to you or any of your servants. I hope your boat will be 
restored to you, and to prevent a similar accident I would advise your hauling your 
boats farther from the water-side. I beg to offer my best respects to Mrs. Gardiner. 
I remain, my dear sir. 

Yours very truly, 

T. M. Hardy. 

Another letter from Sir Thomas Hardy was as follows : 

Ramillies, off New London, 31 July, 1813. 

Sir : As it is probable the government of the United States may call on you to 
account for your conduct in permitting the refreshments to be taken by the British 
squadron under my orders from your place, I thought it necessary for your satisfaction, 
and to prevent your experiencing the censure of your government, to assure you, that, 
had you not complied with my wishes as you have done, I should certainly have made 
use of force, and the consequences would be the destruction of your property, yourself 
a prisoner of war, and the few articles in the possession of your dependents taken 
without payment. But I beg to assure you, it is not my wish to distress the indi- 
viduals on the coast of the United States, who may be in the power of the British 
squadron. I am, sir, 

Your most obedient and humble servant, 

T. M. Hardy, Captain. 
Gardiner, Esq., Gardiner's Island. 

John-Lyon Gardiner left a widow and five children ; viz., David 
Johnson, John Griswold, Samuel Buel, Mary Brainard, and Sarah Diodati. 
David Johnson Gardiner succeeded his father as eighth proprietor of the 
island. He was born August 16, 1804, was educated at Yale College, 
and died unmarried and intestate December 18, 1829. He was the 
last of the manorial lords who received the island by entail. The law 
of primogeniture having been abrogated by the legislature of this 
State, the island now descended to his brothers and sisters. 

John Griswold Gardiner, oldest surviving brother of the eighth pro- 
prietor, became, by purchasing the shares of his brothers and sisters, the 
ninth proprietor of the island. He was born September 9, 1812, and 
died June 6, 1861, unmarried and intestate. The island again de- 
scended to his brother Samuel B., and his sister Mrs. Sarah Diodati 
Thompson, wife of David Thompson, Esq, of New York, Mary B. 
having died previously. (David Thompson, above named, was a lead- 
ing financier of New York., and a descendant of the Thompsons of 
Sagtikos Manor, Long Island.) 

Samuel Buel Gardiner became the tenth proprietor of Gardiner's 
Island by purchasing of his sister, Mrs. Thompson, her share to one- 
half of the island. He was born April 6, 1815, and died January 
5, 1882. at Easthampton, and was interred on Gardiner's Island. He 



1 86 The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. [Oct., 

married Mary Gardiner, daughter of Jonathan Thompson of New York 
and Sagtikos Manor, and had five children, all of whom are now living. 
They are : David Johnson, John Lyon, Jonathan Thompson, Mary 
Thompson, and Sarah Griswold. 

In 1869 Colonel Ryan with about two hundred followers, calling them- 
selves Cuban Liberators, but bound to the West Indies on a filibustering 
expedition, selected Gardiner's Island for a camping ground. It was a 
motley band, composed of adventurers of many nationalities. They 
overran the island, annoying the family, until marines from the U. S. 
revenue cutter " Mahoning " put a stop to their depredations, and 
quickly succeeded in ridding the island of its unwelcome visitors. 

David Johnson Gardiner became, on the death of his father, eleventh 
proprietor of Gardiner's Island ; but being a bachelor, and not wishing 
to assume the responsibilities attending the management of so large an 
estate, sold his rights to his brother, John Lyon Gardiner. John Lyon 
Gardiner, the present owner of Gardiner's Island and the twelfth pro- 
prietor and Lord of the Manor in regular succession, resides on the 
island. He married Coralie Livingston Jones, of New York, and has 
five children, three sons and two daughters, viz., Coralie Livingston, 
Adele Griswold, Lion, Winthrop, and John. 

Gardiner's Island was never more flourishing than it is to-day, the 
effect of a slow, but gradual development from its primitive state, accom- 
plished by the efforts of the present proprietor, and his distinguished 
predecessors, aided by favorable conditions of soil and climate. Sepa- 
rated from the nearest shore by three and a half miles of rough water, 
the proprietor, free from the distracting influences of the mainland, de- 
votes his entire time to his ancestral estate, conducting its affairs with 
marked ability. He lives in the Manor House, and has at his command 
a small army of faithful and orderly employees. Gardiner's Island is 
an entirely self-supporting plantation, and has everything necessary in 
houses, barns, stables, and mills, and all the latest appliances for its 
maintenance according to modern methods. 

Among the archives of the island may be mentioned : The original 
deed granted by the Crown, erecting the island into a Lordship and 
Manor. Attached to it is a huge seal, used by the Provinces, of brown- 
ish wax, darkened by age, on one side of which are stamped the royal 
arms of England, and on the other a full-length figure of " Anne, by the 
grace of God Queen of Great Britain," etc., receiving the homage of 
two kneeling Indians, who offer a beaver skin, and a belt of wampum. 
Another deed signed by Richard Nicolls, Esq., Deputy Governor of 
New York, confirming the former patent granted to Lion Gardiner for 
Gardiner's Island by James Farrett, deputy of the Earl of Sterling. 
And an old Geneva Bible, dating from 1599, containing the following 
entry : " In the yeare of our Lord 1635, J u 'y tne 'of' 1 , came I, Lion Gar- 
diner, and Mary my wife, from Woerdon, a towne in Holland. . . . 
We came from Woerdon to London, and from thence to New England, 
and dwelt at Saybrook forte four years, of which I was commander ; 
and there was borne unto me a son named David, in 1636, April the 
29, the first born in that place. . . . And then I went to an island of 
mine owne which I bought of the Indians, called by them Manchonake, 
by us the Isle of Wite. " Among other relics preserved at the Manor 
House may be seen a portion of the celebrated cloth of gold presented 



1892.] The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. ]t>7 

to Mrs. Gardiner, wife of the third proprietor, by Captain Kidd, the 
pirate. The receipt given by the commissioners of the Earl of Bello- 
mont for the entire treasure buried on the island by Captain Kidd, and 
which is mentioned by item. A rare presentation copy of Eliot's 
Indian Bible, besides many interesting Indian curiosities. 

Easthampton, at first called Maidstone, is the most eastern town on 
Long Island, and the nearest one to Gardiner*s Island. It lies on the 
south shore, and was first settled in 1648 by a number of families from 
Lynn and other neighboring towns in Massachusetts. It derived its 
primitive name from the town of Maidstone, County of Kent, England, 
whence some of its settlers had emigrated. Its present name was 
adopted about the year 1662. Lion Gardiner was one of the original 
founders of Easthampton, and ever since, his immediate descendants 
have continued to live there. We have already seen that Abraham 
Gardiner, better known as Colonel Gardiner, the second son of David 
Gardiner, the fourth Lord of the Manor of Gardiner's Island, settled in 
Easthampton, and that the citizens of that town unanimously agreed to 
support the colonists in their grievances against Great Britain. Colonel 
Gardiner, as executor, had charge of the manor of Gardiner's Island 
during the minority of John Lyon Gardiner, the seventh proprietor, and 
as Gardiner's Bay was occupied by the English fleet under Admiral 
Arbuthnot, who obtained from the island nearly all his provisions, 
Colonel Gardiner's duty to his ward obliged him to be careful in his con- 
duct, so that the " British would not vent their spite against this young 
gentleman," who was not of age. Nevertheless, Colonel Gardiner co- 
operated with Lieutenant-Colonel Livingston, who com- 
manded the troops on the east end of Long Island, until 
the town of Easthampton was occupied by a detachment 
of British soldiers under Sir William Erskine. As 
Colonel Gardiner had built for himself the finest and 
most substantial house in Easthampton, it was naturally 
chosen by the British officers as their headquarters, and 
he entertained at different times, Sir Henry Clinton, 
Lord Percy, Lord Cathcart, Governor Tryon, and Major 
Andre. The unfortunate Andre was a favorite in the 
family, and left with them several mementos of friend- 
ship. Two of the wine-glasses from his camp chest, 
presented by him to Colonel Gardiner on the eve of his 
departure, in exchange for two of Colonel Gardiner's, ANDR ''- 
are still preserved in the family. 

Dr. Nathaniel Gardiner, eldest son of Colonel Abraham Gardiner, 
studied medicine under the celebrated Drs. Shippen and Rush, of 
Philadelphia, and in June, 1780, he was appointed surgeon of the First 
New Hampshire Continental Infantry. He married Eliza Dering, a 
descendant of the Dering and Sylvester families, and related to the 
Nicolls, Floyds, and Smiths of Long Island. He had two children, 
Robert S., who never married ; and Eliza P., who married Reuben 
Bromley of New York, but died without issue. Mary Gardiner, daughter 
of the aforesaid Colonel Abraham Gardiner, married the Hon. Isaac 
Thompson, of Sagtikos Manor, " one of His Majesty's Judges for the 
County of Suffolk." Captain Abraham Gardiner, of the Militia, second 
son of Colonel Abraham Gardiner, of Easthampton, was born January 




1 ,S8 The Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island. |_Gct. , 

2 5- 1 763, and died October 12, 1796, leaving five children — four sons 
and one daughter. 

David Gardiner, second son of Captain Abraham Gardiner, was born 
May 2, 1784, and met an untimely death on the river Potomac, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1844, by the bursting of a gun on board the U. S. steam 
frigate " Princeton." He was a graduate of Yale College in the class 
of 1804, was a lawyer by profession, and was elected State senator 
from the first district of New York, serving from 1824 to 1828. Mr. 
Gardiner had, besides the late Colonel David L. Gardiner, three other 
children : viz., one son and two daughters. 'Alexander, his second son, 
was born on Gardiner's Island, November 3, 1818, graduated from 
Princeton College, was clerk of the U. S. Circuit Court, New York, 
and died unmarried at the age of thirty-three years. Julia, his eldest 
daughter, was born on Gardiner's Island, and married June 26, 1844, 
John Tyler, President of the United States, and died at Richmond, 
Va., July 10, 1889. Margaret, his youngest child, married John H. 
Reeckman, Esq., of New York. In personal appearance David Gardi- 
ner was a gentleman of the old school, a man of magnificent physique 
and fine intellectual attainments. He was the author of the "Chroni- 
cles of Easthampton," and possessed the esteem of all who had the 
pleasure of his acquaintance. 

David Lion Gardiner was born in Provost (now Leonard) Street, 
then a fashionable residential quarter of New York City, May 23, 
1 816. He was a son of David Gardiner. On his maternal side he was 
of Scotch descent. His mother was Miss Juliana MacLachlan, grand- 
daughter of Colonel MacLachlan who fell at the battle of Culloden, 
April 8, 1746, while gallantly leading the united clans of Mac 
Lachlan and MacLean in the cause of Prince Charles Edward Stuart. 
Colonel Gardiner's youth was passed in Easthampton, Long Island, 
the home of many of his family, and at that time the scat of Clinton 
Academy, a school of note throughout the country, where he received 
his early education. At the age of seventeen he entered the sopho- 
more class of Princeton College, from which institution he was gradu- 
ated in 1836. He then studied law with the firm of Emerson and 
Pritchard, New York , was admitted to the bar in 1842, and practiced 
for several years, and was one of the U. S. Commissioners for the 
District of New York. 

In 1844, Miss Julia Gardiner, a sister of Colonel Gardiner, married 
John Tyler, President of the United States. The same year President 
Tyler appointed the subject of this sketch his aide-de-camp with the 
rank of colonel. On April 26, i860, Colonel Gardiner married his 
cousin, Miss Sarah Gardiner Thompson, daughter of David Thompson, 
Esq., of New York, one of the leading financiers of his day, and of 
Sarah Diodati Gardiner, his wife, who was the daughter of John Lyon 
Gardiner, Esq., seventh proprietor of Gardiner's Island. 

In personal appearance Colonel Gardiner was a distinguished 
looking, dignified gentleman of fine military bearing with a strikingly 
handsome face, a high noble forehead, and refined clear-cut features. 
Of great repose of manner, of the strictest integrity of character, he was 
of a genial disposition, free from all vanity or ostentation, and uniformly 
courteous toward all. Just in all his dealings, he was a man who en- 
joyed life rationally, the possessor of a sound mind, and of a tempera- 



I S92. 



Tlie Gardiner Family and Gardiner's Island, 



189 



merit of unusual equanimity under all circumstances. Domestii and 
studious in his tastes, he was seldom seen in society during the later 
years of his life, he preferring the companionship of his family and 
books ; few men being better informed on the colonial and Indian 
history of the eastern states and Long Island than Colonel Gardiner. 
He was an admirer of all things beautiful in art and nature, a good 
rider and skilful in the use of a gun, and a deep student of ornithology. 
He was a true sportsman, and when seeking recreation, whether on land 
or water, nothing was more congenial to him than an opportunity to 
gratify his instinctive tastes as such. 

Always an enthusiastic and venturesome tourist. Colonel Gardiner 
travelled extensively in this country and in Europe. At the close of 
our war with Mexico he visited that country, traversing it on horseback, 




BURNING OF c HARLESTOW: 



from Vera Cruz on the Gulf, to San Bias on the Pacific Ocean, a jour- 
ney of fifteen hundred miles, which he completed in forty consecutive 
days. In 1849-50 he travelled in California, making San Diego his 
headquarters, where he built the first American house. During his 
sojourn in California he was a frequent contributor to the New York 
Journal of Commerce. In a letter dated, Harbor of San Bias, March 
18, 1848, Colonel Gardiner writes: "We have accomplished, to the 
surprise of the Mexicans and all others, what never was done before. 
and what was thought perfectly impracticable ; that is, the bringing of 
loaded wagons from Vera Cruz to the Pacific. The roads from Gua- 
dalajara are the worst ever seen, and in fact, scarcely traversable by 
mules. As we passed the several towns on our route, from Guadala- 
jara, the inhabitants cheered us with cries of Bravo! Bravo. 1 and 
* From an original water-color executed by David Gardiner, in 1796, at the 
youthful age of twelve years. 



iqo The Hon. Jonathan Inslee Coddinglon. [Oct., 

when we entered San Bias we received three times three. At one 
place on the route we were obliged to descend a baranco or ravine, 
three hundred feet deep, and three quarters of a mile wide. The de- 
scent was almost perpendicular and deemed impracticable, but we 
accomplished it without unloading ; the mules were taken out and the 
wagons let down by ropes." 

At the Union Democratic Convention held at Jamaica, L. I., Octo- 
ber 19, i860, Colonel Gardiner was nominated by acclamation as its 
candidate for Congress for the first congressional district. There were 
four nominees for Congress in the district. The convention went into 
an informal ballot which resulted in the naming of Colonel Gardiner, 
of Richmond County, and Tunis G. Bergen, of Kings County ; and 
Gardiner receiving a majority of the votes cast, on motion of James 
Ridgeway he was declared by acclamation the nominee of the conven- 
tion. Subsequently at a meeting of the Committee of Conference hav- 
ing in view the selection of a union candidate in the first congressional 
district, which committee was composed of the Union Committee of 
Fifteen of New York, and fifteen from the body of the district, repre- 
senting the respective candidates, each candidate naming five represent- 
atives, held at the Merchants' Exchange, in the city of New York, on 
October 30, i860, after a full interchange of views, Colonel Gardiner, 
for the purpose of effecting a union in the first congressional district, 
consented to withdraw his name in favor of Edward Henry Smith. 

His interest in historical matters evinced itself at an early age, and 
as a boy he was accustomed to spend much time in serious conversation 
with the oldest people, and with the more intelligent of the remaining 
members of the Indian race, concerning the customs and traditions of 
early times. The impressions thus formed in early youth became indel 
ibly fixed in his memory, which was always a retentive one. With his 
death there passed away one whose mind was a rich repository of tra- 
ditionary history of eastern Long Island, and one who in this respect, 
perhaps, leaves no successor. 

Colonel Gardiner died of pneumonia at his residence in New York, 
May 9, 1892. The funeral services were held at St. James' Episcopal 
Church, of which he was an attendant, and he was buried at East- 
hampton, near the grave of the American founder of his family. His 
widow and three unmarried children, David, Sarah Diodati, and Robert 
Alexander, survive him. 



THE HON. JONATHAN INSLEE CODDINGTON. 

Jonathan I. Coddington was a prominent figure in the social, busi- 
ness, and political life of his day. He was born in Woodbridge, N. J., 
on the 23d of February, 1784. and was of English descent, the ancient 
name of Coddington (or De Codington) being found in English history 
as far back as a.d. 1280. Cotentin and Codenton — the same name — 
occur in a.d. 1080. 




1892.] The Hon. Jonathan Inslee Coddington. tqi 

One branch of the family came to America in the year 1630 and aided 
in the settlement of Rhode Island, and afterwards in that of the old town 
of Woodbridge, N. J. The most prominent member of the family in 
colonial days was Governor William Coddington, who, together with 
Roger Williams, was the founder and first chief magis- 
trate of Rhode Island. To his eminent ability was joined 
abroad-minded liberality, and in an age rife with politi- 
cal and religious persecution he was the friend and cham- 
pion of the oppressed. 

From this ancestry was Jonathan I. Coddington de- 
scended. His grandfather, John Coddington, was born 
in Woodbridge, resided in New York, married Margaret 
Edgar, and returned to Woodbridge. Their eldest son 
was James Coddington, who served in the Revolutionary army, and, ac- 
cording to family tradition, was lieutenant commanding the body guard 
which General Washington gave to General Lafayette at the battle of 
Brandywine, where he was wounded in the knee. He married Expe- 
rience Inslee, the daughter cf Jonathan Inslee and Grace Moore, and 
the widow ot Capt. Nathaniel Fitz-Randolph, who was killed in 1780 near 
Elizabethtown. New Jersey. 

James Coddington's eldest son was Jonathan Inslee Coddington, the 
subject of this sketch. At the age of sixteen he came to New York and 
entered the shipping and commission house of David Vesey Smith, and 
in the year 1805 he became a partner in the business. The firm, which 
was an important one in the trade, and had a branch in the city of New 
Orleans, was known successively as Smith & Coddington, Jonathan I. 
Coddington, and J. & J. Coddington, Mr. Coddington conducting the 
business alone for a time after Mr. Smith's retirement, and subsequently 
taking his younger brother, Joseph Coddington, into partnership with 
himself. The place of business of the firm was in Front street near Beek- 
man. For manv years Mr. Coddington acted as a director in the Bank 
of America. About 1822 he suspended payment on account of having 
indorsed too many notes for friends, but afterwards was able to meet all 
claims against him. 

In 1 81 2 he was captain in the Sixteenth New York, and was also on 
Governor Tompkins' staff. He was a warm Jackson Democrat and active 
in politics, being elected a member of the New York Assembly in 1827, 
and also appointed by the people as a presidential elector in 1844. In 
1836 he was appointed Postmaster of New York by President Jackson, 
taking the place of Samuel L. Gouverneur, who retired. He was retained 
in this position until after the close of General Harrison's administration, 
whose Secretary of State told him, although a political opponent, he 
would not be disturbed in his position. He was replaced by John Lorimer 
Graham, President Tyler's appointee. During this time the post-office 
was in the rotunda in the park. He possessed the confidence of Presi- 
dents Jackson, Van Buren, and Polk, and was frequently consulted by 
them upon the New York appointments of the general government. 

Mr. Coddington ran for mayor in 1843 on the Democratic ticket, but 
was defeated by the Native American candidate, James Harper. In 1848 
he became a Free Soil Democrat, and in 1855 a Republican. In 1856 he 
was tendered the Republican nomination for Governor of the State of New 
York by the leaders of the party, but was unable to accept on account of 






192 



The Hon. fonathan Inslee Coddington. 



[Oct., 



failing health, dying in December of the same year at his residence in 
Fifth avenue, in' the seventy-third year of his age. 

Mr. Coddington married, in 1814, Sarah Drake, the daughter of 
Thomas Drake, a well-known and wealthy merchant of New York. She 
died in giving birth to her first child, and the child died shortly after. In 
1816 he°married Matilda Eliza Palmer, a daughter of an English gentle- 
man who came to America in 1779, and by her was the father of eleven 
sons and three daughters, a number of whom died early. 

By judicious investments in real estate Mr. Coddington acquired a 
large fortune, and was supposed to be worth a million of dollars at the 

date of his death, which 
-— JL— 3H- .. was considered a very large 

lortune at that time. His 
bequests to charitable so- 
cieties were large, especi- 
ally to the New York 
Lunatic Asylum, which 
owes to him a large tract 
of ground near Blooming- 
dale. 

His second son, David 
S. Coddington, was born in 
New York September 21, 
1824, and died at Saratoga 
September 2, 1865. He 
read law in the office of 
George W. Strong. As he 
was not dependent upon 
his profession, he was able 
to devote himself to liter- 
ary pursuits. He took a 
great interest in public af- 
fairs. He was a Democrat 
of the Free Soil school and 
one of the supporters of Mr. 
Van Buren in 1848. He 
was a leader of that wing 
of the Democracy which 
upheld the Civil War, and 
He was elected a member 




^^ <2^ ^fa^s^-,^^? <^-" 



became a well-known and successful orator. 

of the Legislature of New York in the autumn of 1861. 

Clifford Coddington, the youngest son of Jonathan I. Coddington, 
was born in New York in 184 1, and died in the same city February 28, 
1892. He graduated at Yale College in 1861. Mr. Coddington joined 
as second lieutenant the Fifty-first New York Regiment and seived 
through the war, in which he was severely wounded, distinguishing 
himself at Roanoke Island, Antietam, and Jackson, Miss., and attaining 
to the rank of captain. Later he became colonel of the Twentieth, or 
Ulster County regiment, of the New York National Guard. He married, 
in 1877, a daughter of Homer Morgan, who survives him. 



i8 9 2.J Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York rm 



93 



RECORDS OF THE REFORMED DUTCH CHURCH IN THE 
CITY OF NEW YORK.— Baptisms. 



(Continued from Vol. XXIII., p. 138, of The Record.) 



A 1/39- OUDERS. KINDERS. 

July 8. Abraham Braisier, Susanna. 
Elisabet Dally. 
George Lecraft,' Sara Maria. 
Elsworth. 

11. James Tucker, Maria Maria. 
Woertendyk. 
Nicolaas Antony, Maria. 
Esther Roome. 

15. Stephanus Bayard , Robert. 
Alida Vetch. 

iS. Petriis Ewoiits, Joris 

Catharyntje Ber- Hanssen. 
gen. 
Simon J o h n s o"n , Margareta. 
Margareta Van 
Home. 

[556.] 

22. Vic to or Bicker, Eva. 
Junior, An n e t j e 
Turk. 
Hendrik Ten Broek, Johannes. 
Marytje Blank. 

Gerrit Heyer, An- Annaatje. 
netje Roome. 

25. Abraham De Lanoy, Jannetje. 
J r . , Hester Kon- 
ing. 
Johannes Kip, An- Catharyntje. 
naatje Smith. 

Pieter Wessels, Cor- 
nelia de Hart. 



Margareta, 

Anna. 

Tweelingen. 



29. Johannes Van Nor- Jacob. 
den, Ariaantje 
Webbers. 



GETUVGEN. 

Isaak Stoutenbiirg, An- 
neke Dally, syn h. v. 

Ahasuertis Elsworth, 
Ariaantje Elsworth, h. 
v. van Thomas Simor. 

Antony Rutgers, Junior, 
Cornelia Rutgers, j. d. 

Johannes Roome, Su- 
san n a Le chevaliere, 
syn h. v. 

Philip Livingston, Elisa- 
bet R_vnders, h. v. van 
Nicolaus Bayard. 

Cornells Ewouts, Maria 
Polhemus, syn h. v. 

Cornells G. Van Home, 
Helena Johnson, Wed e 
van John Macfederiks.- 



Victoor Bicker, Johanna 
Cregier, syn h. v. 

Johannes Blank, An- 
genietje Blank, h. v. 
van Samuel Tingly. 

Arent Heyer, Margrietje 
Van de Water, h. v. 
van Frederik Heyer. 

Abraham De Lanoy, Jan- 
netje Roome, syn h. v. 

Albertus Bosch, Catha- 
ryntje Roome, h. v. 
van Ralph Thurman. 

Jacobus de Hart, Mar- 
gareta Maiiiits, h. v. 
van Balthaz. de Hart. 
Andries Breestede, De- 
bora Wessels, syn h. v. 

Jacob Van Norden, Chris- 
tina Sa.brisko, syn h. v. 



IQ4 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church i?i New York. [Oct. 



A° 1739. OUDERS. 

Francis Jameson, 
Anna Origin, 
Negers. 
August 1. Frans Tiebout, Con- 
stantia Koning. 
5. Abraham Aalstyn, 
Junior, Elisabet 
Blom. 
8. Pieter Lammertse, 
Marytje Bennet. 
Johannes Groesbeek, 
Anna Bajeaiix. 

12. Johan Willem Alt- 
gelt, Anna Maria 
Erenstyn. 
Johannes Matinde- 
viel, Annatje 
Somerendyk. 



KINDERS. 


GETUYGEN. 


Maria. 


Jacob Francisco, Mar- 




gareta Francisco, h. v. 




van Frans Staal, Negers. 


Abraham. 


Abraham Filkens, Riithje 




Luwis, j. d. 


Marretje. 


Harmaniis Aalstyn , 




Bregje Aalstyn, j. d. 



15- 


Benjamin Lusher, 
Margrietje Gilbert. 


Maria. 




Johannes Peers, 


Maria. 




Marytje Tiebout. 






Richard Herris, Mar- 


Jacobus. 




grietje Aalsteyn. 




19. 


Daniel Van Deur- 
sen, Lea Hertje. 


Tryntje. 


24. 


Daniel G a u t i e r , 
Maria Bogart. 


Catharina. 


26. 


Thomas Montanje, 
Rebecca Bryen. 


Jannetje. 


3 1 - 


Daniel Lynssen, 
Cathalyntje Echt. 


Daniel. 



Cornelius G. Van 
Home, Judith 

Jay- 
George Lamb, Ilen- 

drikje Myer. 
Gysbert Gerretse, 

Margareta Lasher. 
Jacob Phoenix, 

Maria Roomen. 

[557-] 
Sept. 5. Mattheus Aalstyn, 
Sara Lyi ch. 



Jan. Jan Bennet, Annatje Van 

Sickels, syn h. v. 
Susanna. Edward Holland, Char- 

retty Laurens, h. v. 

van Samuel Fayton. 
Coenradina. Johannes Snoek, Coen- 

r a d i n a Manerspach, 

syn h. v. 
Annatje. Andries Hoppe, Elisabet 

Bras, syn h. v. 



Willem Gilbert, Junior, 
Cornelia Gilbert, j. d. 

Johannes Tiebout, 
Marytje Van Deventer, 
syn h. v. 

William Doiighles, 
Martha Waters, syn 
h. v. 

Isaac Van Deiirsen, An- 
natje Waldron, svn 
h. v. 

Cornells Bogart, Maria 
Gatitier, j. d. 

Petrus Montanje, Jannetje 
Dyer, syn h. v. 

Francois Marschalk, An- 
neke Lynssen, .svn 
h. v. 

D r . Archebald Fisher, 
Maria Jay, v. van 
Pieter Vallet. 

Pieter Van D e u r s e n , 
Maria Eldrits, syn h. v. 

Adolph Bras, Maria Car- 
stanz, syn h. v. 

Johannes Roomen, Elisa- 
bet B drger, h. v. van 
Alexander Phoenix. 

Johannes G roesbeek, 
Catharina Van Woert 
Wed e van Rip Thong. 



David. 

Alexander. 

Gysbert. 

Margareta. 

Abraham. 



1 892. J Records of /he Reformed Dutch Church in New 1'ork. \qc 



A° 1739. 


OUDERS. 


KINDERS. 


12. 


Bartholemeus 
Schaats, J a c b a 
Luwis. 


Francina. 




Isaak Bussing, Elisa- 


Timotheiis. 




bet Tilly. 




16. 


Dirk Ten Eyk, 
Marritje Roome. 


Andries. 


.9. 


Nicolaas Kerraer, 
Aaltje Sebring. 


Maria. 




Fredrik Blom, Apo- 


Johannes. 




Ionia Vredenbiirg. 






Nicolaas Ray, Elisa- 


Stephanus. 




bet Richards. 






Fredrik Philipse, 


Joanna. 




Joanna Brock- 






hoist. 




2 3- 


P i e t e r Burger, Re- 
bekka Ploegh. 


Aaltje. 


26. 


Jacobus Quik, 


Aafje. 



Heyla Klopper. 

Johannes B o e k e n - Johannes. 

hoven, Elisabeth 

V. Geder. 
Jan Willemsze, Jan- Willem. 

netje Vande Water. 
G li 1 i a n Ver Plank, Samuel. 

Maria Crommelyn. 

Jacobus de La Mon- Rebecca, 
tagne, Maria Pel. 

30. Pieter Van Norden, Jacomyntje. 
Anna Willemsze. 
Octob. 3. Abraham V. Home, Margareta. 
Catharina Rutgers. 

A r n o u t Webbers, Sara. 
Sara Minthorne. 

14. Jacob Scheerman, Uzziet. 

Neeltje Messeker. 
17. Abraham Keteltas, Johannes. 

Jenneke de Hon- 

neur. 
Johannes Rem mi, Philippina. 

Christina Corse- 

lius. 



getuygen 
Gerrit Benthuysen, Antje 
Schaats, j. d. 

Jacobus Davi, Elisabet 

Burger, Wed. van 

Timotheus Tilly. 
Willem Roome, Aafje 

Ten Eyk, h. v. van 

Andries Varik. 
Johannes de Wint, Antje 

Kermer, syn h. v. 
Willem Vredenbiirg, 

Elisabet Blom, h. v. van 

Abraham Aalstyn. 
Stephanus Richards, 

Elisabet Renselaar, h. 

v. van John Richards. 
Stephanus Bayard, Anna 

French, j. d. 

Gerardus Comfort, An- 
natje Ploegh, j. d. 

Cornells Klopper, Catha- 
rina Grevenraat, syn 
h. v. 

Aarnout Viele, Hillegond 
Boekenhoven, h. v. v. 
Jan V. Pelt. 

Fredrik Heier, Margrietje 
Van de Water, zyn h. v. 

Charles Crommelyn, 
Adriana Bayard, Wed e 
van Samuel Ver Plank. 

Jacobus ter Bosch, Hester 
Blom, h. v. v. Samuel 
Pel. 

Dirk Ameknan, Helena 
Mass, z. h. v. 

John Mak Everds, Mar- 
grietje dti Foreest, h. 
v. v. Harm s Rutgers. 

Jacob Webbers, Mar- 
grietje de Riemer, z. 
h. v. 

Pieter Lazier, Eva Scheer- 
man, j. d. 

Abraham Keteltas, Jiin r . , 
Catharina Keteltas, j. d. 

Jacobus Pi ete r Snyder, 
Philippina Paulin, h. 
v. v. Matthys Ott. 



I q6 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [Oct. 



A° 1739. OUDERS. 

28. Francis Chyld, Cor- 
nelia Vile. 
31. T e ti n ri s du Four, 
Sara Oblinius. 
Abraham Van Arn- 
hem, Maria Van 
Heiningen. 
Nov. 4. Gysbert Van Deiisen, 
Annetje Ten 
Broek. 
R o b b e r t Benson, 
Ca t h a r i n a Van 
Bossen. 
7. A 1 bert lis Bosch, 
Catharina Smith. 



KINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Anna Maria. Jacobus Kierstede, Eliza- 
beth Van Dam, z. h. v. 

Henriciis. Hendrik Oblinus, Debora 
Van Dolen, z. h. v. 

Abraham. John Ellener, Aplonia 
Van Arnhem, z. h. v. 

Gysbert. Johannes Ten Broek, 

Aaltje Van Detisen, h. 
v. van Francis Misnard. 

Robbert. Antony Rutgers, Cornelia 
Roos, z. h. v. Cornelia 
Rutgers, j. d. 

Jannetje. Caspariis Bosch, Annetje 
Koleveld, h. v. Ber- 
nardus Smith. 



[558.] 

18. Isaac de Peyster, Abraham. 
Anna de Peyster. 

25. Jacob Slover, Sara Sara. 

Van der Ende. 
Adam Van den Berg, Annatje. 
Maria Spoor. 

Johan Pieter Kempel, Johanna 

Juliana Berg. Maria. 

Dec. 2. J i 1 lis Mandeviel, Anna. 

Rachel Hoppe. 
Francis Barre, Aaltje Elisabeth. 

Turk. 
Nov. 30. Frederik Heyer, Mar- Walther. 

grietje V. Water. 
Dec. 2. Johannes Burger, Jannetje. 

Jannetje Brouwer. 

Jill js Man devil, Anna. 

Rachel Hoppe. 
Francis Barr6, Aaltje Elisabeth. 

Turk. 
9. Zacharias S i k k e 1 s, Hendrik. 

Rachel Van Win- 

kel. 
Johannes Bo ga rd , Annatje. 

Abigail Quik. 
1 2. Jacobus Jansse, Mar- Jacobus. 

grietje Fyn. 

26. Jan Oothoiit, Catha- Johannes. 

lyntje V. Deiirsen. 



Abraham de Peyster, 
Maiia Van Bael, Wed e 
v. Isaac de Peyster. 

Gerrit du Foreest, Cor- 
nelia Waldron, z. h. v. 

Willem Spoor, Catharina 
Van Z a n t , h. v. v. 
Arend Gilbert. 

Johannes Snoegh, Maria 
Corcelius, j. d. 

Andries Hoppe, Elisabeth 
Bras, z. h. v 

Jacobus Stoiitenburg, 
Marytje Turk, z. h. v. 

Walther Heyer, Elsje 
Van de Water, z. h. v. 

Abraham Leiiw, Cornelia 
Rein, j. d., en Cornelia 
Bennet, j. d. 

Andris Hoppe, Elisabeth 
Bras, z. h. v. 

Jacobus Stoiitenburg, 
Marytje Turk, z. h. v. 

Hendrik Sikkels, Sara 
Akkerman, z. h. v., 
alle v. Bergen. 

Jan Bogard, Belitje Bo- 
gard, j. d. 

Wynant Van Zant, Sara 
• Coo, j. d. 

George Frelding, Catha- 
rina Roseboom, z. h. v. 



1892.] Records 0/ the Reformed Dulch Church in NtW York. 107 

A° I739. OUDERS. KINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Jacobiis Davi, Maria Jacobus. Isaac Bussing, Annatje 

Tilly. Dilly, h. v. v. Abr m 

Bensen. 
30. Petriis Louw, Rachel Rachel. Jan Roseveld, Jacobs z. 

Roseveld. Helena Loiiw. 



A 1740. 
Jan. 16. Hendrik Van de Margrita. 
Water, Anna Skil- 
man. 
Abraham Lynsse, Pieter. 
Anneke Rutgers. 
20. John Wyt, Susanna John. 
du Fenne. 

23. Teunis Tibouwt, Hendrik. 
Margrietje Drink- 
water. 
Johannes V r e de n - Jacob, 
burg, Annatje 
Blom. 
Feb. 6. Thomas Windover, Theophilus. 
Elisabeth Els- 
worth. 

10. Egbert Somerendyk, Margrietje. 
Aaltje Webbers. 



Benjamin Coats, Willempje. 
Elisabeth Bosch. 

13. Hendrik Ryke, Hendrik. 
Elisabeth Peek. 
H a r m a n Rutgers, Margarita. 
Elisabeth Benson. 

17. Jan Messie, Mar- Andries. 

grietje Barheid. 
Jacob Van Nord, Jan. 

C a r s t y n t j e Za- 

brisko. 
Willem Poppildorf, Eva. 

Anna Styn. 

[559.] 

29. Nicolaas Bayard, Judith. 
Elsebet Reynders. 

Maart 5. Hendrik Ellis, Maria Marretje. 
Sickels. 



Cornells Brouwer, Anna 
Van de Water, j. d. 

Antony Rutgers, Cornelia 

Roos, z. h. v. 
Cornelis Quakkenbosch, 

Cornelia de Lametere, 

z. h. v. 
Johannes Tibouwt, Sara 

Tibouwt, h. v. v. 

Ewoud Ewoiidse. 
Fredrik Blom, Elisabeth 

Vredenbiirg, h. v. v. 

Willem Cornelius. 
Johannes Aalsteyn, 

Cathalyntje R a p a 1 j e, 

z. h. v. 
Teunis Somerendyk, 

Antje Somerendyk, 

Wed" v. Joh s Man'de- 

viel. 
Benjamin de Land, 

Helena Burger, h. v. v. 

Henriciis Cavaljier. 
Hasael Van Keiiren, 

Marytje Ryke, z. h. v. 
Harmanus Rutgers, Mar- 
garita dd Foreest, z. 

h. v. 
Andries Barheid, J ur , 

Hester Messie, j. d. 
Pieter Hendriks, Mach- 

tild Zabrisko. 

Willem Crollius, Elisa- 
beth Lott, h. v. van 
Jacobus Pieter Snyder. 

Barend Reynders, Geer- 
trtiyd Bayard, h. v. van 
Pieter Cambel. 

Elias Breevoort, Grietj'" 
Samman, syn h. v. 



Io8 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New York. [Oct., 



A° 1740. OUDERS. 

9. Philip M els bag, 
Catharina Cloii- 
weyn. 

12. Rem Remsen, 

Trynlje Berrien. 

16. Cornells Van der 

Hoeven, Annatje 

Koning. 
Willem de Peyster, 

Margareta Rose- 

velt. 
Johannes Varik, 

Anna Maria 

Brestee. 
Francis Misnard, 

Aaltje Van Detir- 

sen. 
23. Walter Heyer, Jen- 

neke vJn Vorst. 
26. Richard K'ip, Maria 

Ellis. 
Johannes Broiiwer, 

Susanna Driljet. 
Pieter Andriesse. 

Cornelia Horn. 
Laurens Meyer, 

Anna Pieyer. 
April 6. Henry Bra'isier, Abi- 

gael Parcel. 
7. Ahassierus Tu rk , 

Hillegond Kuyper. 

13. Willem Spoor, 

Francyntje B o c - 
qriet. 
Daniel W a 1 d r on , 
Maria Pels. 

Henry Davids Ker- 
mer, Rachel Ger- 
ritse. 

Adolp Bras, Maiia 
Carstang. 
16. Johannes Bas, Elsje 

Burger. 
23. Fiancis Warner, Eva 
Echt. 

A n d r i e s Meyer, 
Junior, Susanna 
M k Fedderiks. 

Richard Agins, En- 
gel tje Mors. 



KINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Wilhelmus. Willem Poppelsdorph, 
Maria Clouweyn, j. d. 

Hieronymus. Hieronymus Remsen, 
Femmetje Remsen, h. 
v. van Pieter Lot. 

Johannes. Abraham de Lanoy, 
Junior, Hester Koning, 
syn h. v. 

Nicolaas. Hendrik Rutgers, Catha- 
rina de Pevster, syn 
h. v. 

jacobus. J a c o b 11 s Varik, Sara 

Varik, j. d. 

Aaltje. Daniel Misnard, Elisabet 

Misnard, j. d. 

Walter. Gerrit I^ennion, Maria 

Van Vorst, syn h. v. 
Petriis. Petiris Kip, Immetje 

Van Dyk, syn h. v. 
Jacob. Jacob Broiiwer, Maria 

Lanoy, syn h. v. 
Cornelia. Elbert Lieversen, Catha- 
rina Bogaart, syn h. v. 
Sara. An dries Meyer, Geertje 

Wessels, syn h. v. 
Sara. Jacobus Qiiick, Sara 

Rooseboom, syn h. v. 
Aaltje. Jaco'Gus Stoiitenbiirg, 

Maria Turk, syn h. v. 
Maria. Daniel Bonnet, Pieter- 

nella Clopper, Wed e v. 

Van de Water. 
Joseph. Benjamin W a 1 d r o n , 

Maria de Vooys, syn 

h. v. 
Gerrit. Henry Kermer, Jemina 

Gerritse, syn h. v. 

Maria. George Gardon, Geertje 

Bras, syn h. v. 

Jan. Jan Bas, Marytje Mon- 

tanje, syn h. v. 

Sara. Abraham Eght, Tryntje 

Bensen, syn h. v. 

Andries. Andries Meyer, Junior, 

Helena Jansen, Wed e 
van John M k Federiks. 

Isaak. Willem Parcel, Jannetje 

Chahaan, syn h. v. 



)2.J Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in Xeiv Fork, tqq 



1740. OUDERS. 

27. Jacob Webbers, Mar- 
gareta de Riemer. 

30. Gysbert Uit den Bo- 
gard, Ca t h ar i n a 
Hunter. 
Henricus Peek, Kris- 
tien Hoesten. 



[560.] 
May 4. 



Jiini 



Abraham Kip, 
Marvtje Van den 
Berg. 

Albeitiis T i b o u t , 
Cornelia Bogert. 

Cornelis Turk, Catha- 
rina Van Tilburg. 

Frans Walter, Maria 
Elisabet Haan. 



18. Harmanus Aalstyn, 

Jannetje Willes. 
23. Jacob Abrahamsze, 
Magdalena Lispin- 
ard. 
James Livingston, 
Maria Kierstede. 
26. Johannes Ravenier, 
Anna Maria Miller. 
Johannes Brevoort, 
Susanna Cokker- 
dal. 
Francis, deKnegtvan 
Harm 5 V. Gelder, 
Elisabeth Bikkers 
de meid v. G. Ver 
Plank. 
1. Jan Ta m sso n , Jo- 
hanna Cannon. 

Hendrik Brestede, 
Maria Brestede. 



4. Thomas Child, 
Elisabeth Mritlow. 

Adam Koning, An- 
natje Day. 
8. Johannes Bodine, 
Tryntje Bensen. 



KINDERS. 

Olivardus. 



Belitje. 

Johannes. 

Isaak. 

Johannes. 

Cornelis. 
Johannes. 

Anna. 
Antony. 

Maria. 

Christina. 

Charlotte. 

Johannes. 
Pieter. 



GETUYGEN. 

Aarnout Webbers. Maria 
C o d e r i u s Wed e van 
William Cunningham. 

Jacobus Stoutenbtirg, 
Marytje Tiirk, syn h. v. 

Johannes Peek, Marytje 
Donse, syn h. v. 

Petnis Kip, Engeltje Pels, 
h. v. Jacob Kip. 

Jan E w odtse, Sara , 

T i b o u t , Wed c van 

Ewotit Ewoutse. 
Hendrik Bogart, Cornelia 

de Grauw, syn h. v. 
Johannes Remmich, 

Anna Christina Corse- 

lius, s. h. v. 
Richard Hen is, Mar- 

grietje Aalstyn, syn h. v. 
Leonard Lispinard, Elsje 

Rutgers, z. h. v. 

Henricus Beekman, Mar- 
gareta Beekman, j. d. 

Jacob Pieter Snyder, 
Marytje Mot'tr, j. d. 

Elias Brevoort, Mar- 
ghetje Samman, z. h. v. 

John, de Kneght, Anna 
Claasse meid, van An- 
tony Rutgers. 



Pieter Hibon, Elisabeth 
Burger, Wed. v. Timo- 
thy Filly. 
Jenneke, ge- Johannes Varik, Rachel 
boren den Brestede, h. v. v. 
28 May, Pieter Maas. 
1740. 
Cornelia. Pieter Van Detisen, Cor- 
nelia Vile, h. v. v. 
Francis Child. 
Isaac. Isaac 1 Day, Annatje Day, 

j. d. 
Hyllje. Vincent Bodine, Hyltje 

Smith, z. h. v. 



200 Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in A'ew York. [Oct. , 



I7_|0. OUDERS. 

15. Cornells Terss, Ap- 

lonia Uit den Bo- 

gaard. 
18. Moses Mansfeld, 

Anna Maria Kier- 

stede. 



Matth ys Vosjeur, 

Magdalena Ekker. 
Nicolaas Dykman, 

Anneke Seven- 

hoven. 
Nicolaiis Roseveld, 

Catharina Comfort. 

johan/ne* Van Vorst, 
Elisabeth Berkelo. 
1 
25. Johannes Minthorn, 
Jannetje Elsworth. 
29. M r . Jan Van Aarn- 
hem, Claasje Ben- 
sen. 
Isaac de Milt, Mis- 
chiehje Van d e r 
Voort. 
1 3. Evert Pels, Catharina 
de Grauw. 
Jacobus Pieter Sny- 
der, Elisabeth Lot. 



16. Richard Noxwood, 
Maria Cool. 

[56..] 

20. Joris Dally, Anna 
Poor. 



KINDERS. GETUYGEN. 

Johannes. Daniel Burger, Nelly 
Potter, z. h. v. 

Johannes, ge- Cornells Kierstede, Sara 
boren den Elsword, z. h. v. 



iS Aug., 




17 34, in 




N i e u w 




Haven. 




Abraham. 


Abraham Filkens, Rachel 




Ekker, j. d. 


Cornelia. 


Johannes Harssen, Cor- 




nelia Dykman, j. d. 



Sara. Steenwyk de Riemer, 

Catharina Roseveld, 
z. h. v. 

Sara. Tobiag Ten Eyk, Sara 

Van Vorst, h. v. v. 
Coeriraad Ten Eyk. 

Johannes. Joh s V. Deiirsen, Geertje 
Minthorn, z. h. v. 

Jan. Isaac Van Aarnhem, An- 

neke Bikkers, h. v. v. 
Philip Brouwer. 

Sara. Alexander Biilsing, Sara 

de Milt, z. h. v. 

Catharina. Hendrik Bogaart, Cor- 
nelia de Grauw, z. h. v. 

Petrus. Johan Pieterz. Kempel, 

Anna Maria Simon, 
h. v. v. Johan W m . 
Laurens. 

Matthew. Laurens Van d r Spiegel, 
Elsje Van d r . Spiegel, 
Wed. v.Isaac Loderego. 



Willem S w a n s e r , 
Hester Van Nor- 
den. 
August 6. Jesse du Foreest, Jesse. 
Tedntje Tietsoort. 
John Galloway, An- Maria, 
natje Lam. 
10. Isaac Chardevine, Elisabeth 
Annaije Caar. 



Maria. Johannes Dally, Cornelia 

V. Gelder, Wed e v. 
Philip Dally. 

Jacomyntje. Jacobus Horn, Annatje 
Van Norden. 



Cornelis Copper, Catha- 
rina Geveraat, z. h. v. 

Hendrik Van Mepel, 
Sara Gaside, j. d. 

Willem Caar & Elisabeth 
Caar, h. v. v. John 
Liiwes. 



I S92. ] The Schucrmans, of Xezv Jersey. 201 

THE SCHUERMANS, OF NEW JERSEY.' 
By Richard Wynkoop. 

This line began with Jacobus, whose name appears in the church 
records at New Brunswick, N. J., in 1720, as Schuurman. His son John 
maintained that spelling until his death, in 1795, except that he did not 
use the points to the vowel. This was after the modern form of Nether- 
land spelling ; the earlier one was Schuerman, which has been changed 
into English as Schureman. The pronunciation is Skureman, after the 
Low Dutch method. 

Jacobus Schuerman came to this country from Holland, in company 
with Rev. Theodoms Jacobus Frielinghuysen. (The Evan. -Guard, and 
Review, No. 5, Sept., 1818 ; Annals of Amer. Pulpit, IX., Article John 
Schureman, D. 1).) Frelinghuysen arrived at New York at the close of 
the year 1719, or beginning of 1720, in the ship King George, Capt. 
Goelet. (Annals of A. P., IX., Article T. J. Frelinghuysen.) 

The records of the Dutch Church at New Brunswick show the 
admission of " Jacobus Schuurman " to church membership on confes- 
sion, April 15, 1720. 

He taught school in the Netherland language, and was chorister and 
voorlezer, or prelector, in the church. The pastor, by his evangelical 
preaching, aroused bitter enmity, and tradition says that his clerk de- 
fended him in Netherland verse, which is well spoken of, but it has dis- 
appeared. He was a well educated gentleman, and noted for his piety. 
The pastor and his clerk lived with Hendrik Reiniersz, in the neighbor- 
hood of Three Mile Run. Schuerman married Antje Terhune, of Long 
Island, and lived on a farm near the one which has been known as the 
Schureman property for one hundred years. Frelinghuysen married the 
sister, Eva Terhune. (Steele's Hist. Discourse, 1867, pp. 29, 30.) 
Schuurman's marriage was in the year 1720, or early in 1721. It does 
not appear when he died. A child of his «as baptized in 1735, and his 
name has not been found at a later date, unless he was the Jacob Schuur- 
man who, with Maria his wife, had a child, Maria, baptized at New- 
Brunswick, Feb. 11, 1755. The mother here named was probably a Van 
Voorhees, and the child was born Jan. 13, 1755. (See N. Y. Gen. 
Record, V1I1., 167.) This Jacob was probably a son of the school- 
- master. 

Second Generation. 

Children of Jacobus (1) and Anne Terhune. 

2. Anne, probably. In the graveyard of the First Dutch Church, 
New Brunswick, is this inscription : "In memory of Ann Schureman, 
who departed this life May 25, 1800, aged 78 years, 7 months, 15 days." 
This would make her birth to have been Oct. 10, 1721. The stone 
stands among those of the family of Ferdinand (6). Anthe Schuurman 
was witness, Feb. 2, 1752, at the baptism of a child of John (5) and 
Anthe his wife ; and Antie Schuurman witnessed the baptism of other 
children down to 1783. 

3. Jacoba : bap. N. B., Feb. 12, 1724, "Schuurman;" m. to 



202 The Schuermans, of New Jersey. [Oct., 

Archibald Thomson, who was admitted to church membership at N. B., 
Aug. 10, 1 74 1. She was received on confession, Nov. 9, 1750, while 
the wife of Archibald. He was of Scotch blood, and pn.bably of the 
Perth Amboy line, but his parentage has not been discovered. Their 
descendants are mentioned in the Record, Vol. XXII., pp. 66-74, and 
132-138. After her death, and on the 5th of August, 1760, he married 
Elizabeth Strycker (Cor. Man., N. Y.). Perhaps Archibald was son of 
John Thomson, schoolmaster, residing at New Brunswick, mentioned in 
the will, June 24, 1732, proven Oct. 4, 1733, °f J orm Thomson of New 
Brunswick, who also mentions his wife Mary and his son Benjamin, both 
of them in the city of Dublin, Ireland. 

4. Margaret: b. Sept. 29, bap. Oct. 9, 1726, "Margareitha 
Schuerman ;" d. Augr 4, 1745 ; m. Oct. 13, 1743, to Petrus Vreden- 
burg. Afier her death he married Elizabeth Fisher, by whom he had 
eleven children. One of them, Johar.nis, bap. N. B., Dec. 16, 1759, 
was probably the John S., who, with his wife, Sarah Taylor, was admit- 
ted to church membership at N. B. Oct. 22, 1796. 

5. John. His tombstone recites his death July 6, 1795. aged 66 yrs., 
4 mos. and 9 days. (First Church, New Brunswick.) This shows his 
birth on the 27th of Feb. , 1729. He maintained the spelling "Schuur- 
man " to the end of his lile, and his son James so addressed a letter to 
him Dec. I, 1790, while signing himself " Js. Schureman." 

Marriage bond for him and Ann Stryker was given at Trenton, Feb. 
22, 1750, i.e.. 1 75 1 , if the year be begun with January first, and not 
March twenty-fifth. She was baptized, N. V., Oct. 4, 1721, Antje, daughter 
of Isaac de Riemer and Antje Woertman, and was received to church 
membership at New Brunswick, on confession, Nov. 9, 1750, as the 
widow of Peter Stryker. On the list of church members, made up in 
1794, her name is checked to indicate her removal subsequently. The 
time and place of her death are unknown. 

John, according to an old map made in 1766, lived on the north side 
of the road between Middlebush and Millstone. But he settled finally 
at New Brunswick, where he was a merchant, and he seems to have done 
a shipping business with New York. He was admitted to church mem- 
bership Nov. 2, 1752, and was chosen deacon Oct. 25, 1754, along with 
Archibald Thomson. Their successors were chosen April 13. 1757. He 
was an elder in 1765, and was appointed chairman of the Building Com- 
mittee in September of that year. The new building was erected in a new 
location, where the present building stands, on Neilson street, and was 
occupied in the autumn of 1767. The old lot was sold to him. (Steele's 
Hist. Dis., 50.) The o'd property was at the corner of Burnett and 
Dutch Church streets — the latter of which is now called Schureman, for 
his son James, and the building had been erected about 1714. (Same, 
pp. 24, 69.) In 1 71 7, it was determined that the building should be 
"known as belonging to the people of Laurens Brook by the River, "and 
that the people of Six Mile Run and Ten Mile Run, who were but one 
congregation, should be at liberty to erect a building at either place, and 
to have their own consistory, but they were to remain one spiritual body 
with the one of Laurens Brook, and the two consistories were to meet as 
one in all matters of importince. 

He was again elder in 1793, and, on the 24th of August, signed the 
call for Rev. Dr. Ira Condict, and he headed the subscription list. (Steele, 



1892.] The Schuermans, of New Jersey. ->q-< 

p. 87.) Peter Vredenburgh, sen., was chosen his successor in the elder- 
ship April 5, 1795. " In the church he [SchuurmanJ was conspicuous 
for an unaffected piety, fervent zeal, and fruitful benevolence. He was a 
very estimable member of society. Such was the respect entertained for 
the endowments of his head and the excellent qualities of his heart, that 
he was appointed one of the judges of the County Court, and frequently 
elected a member of the State Legislature. His instructions and prayers, 
no doubt, contributed to improve the good dispositions which grace had 
implanted in the heart of his grandson and namesake, whose education 
devolved chiefly upon him, because the father was called much from home 
in the public service of his country." (Evan. Guardian and Review No. 
5, 1818.) 

The Provincial Congress of New Jersey met at Trenton, May 23, 1775, 
and among the deputies was Col. John Schureman, who was a member 
also of the Colonial House of Assembly. (Hist, of Union and Middlesex 
Counties, p. 454.) The Congress, on the 3d of June, adjourned to the 
5th of August, after having appointed a Committee of Correspondence, 
of whom Schureman was one, with power to reconvene the Congress. The 
Congress reconvened on the 5th of August, and directed the election of 
deputies to a Provincial Congress to be held at Trenton on the 3d 
of October. On the 17th of August the Congress adjourned to the 20th of 
September, after appointing a Committee of Safety to exercise their powers 
during recess, of which committee Schureman was one. The Congress 
met again on the 20th of September. (Same, pp. 454, 456 ; also Hist. 
of N. J., Gordon, pp. 338, 171, 172.) 

John Schureman's storehouses were burned, a negro and horses were 
stolen, and merchandise carried off by the British in 1776-77, to his 
damage ^378.0.5. (Hist, of Union, etc., p. 453.) 

He was added to the Faculty of Queen's College in 1782. (Manual 
of Ref. Ch.) He was a Trustee of the College, 1782-1795, and its Treas- 
urer, 1780-90, 1791-95. In the minutes his name is spelled Schuurman, 
and so is that of his son James. 

Pieter Strycker and Antje de Riemer had had a child, Jane, who 
became wife of Captain John Thomson, son of Archibald ; also a child, 
Antje, baptized at N. B.. June 2, 1745, who was m. March 28, 1766, to 
William Van Deusen ; also a child, Lidia, bap. Raritan Church, July 31, 

1747- 

6. Ferdinand. The dates of his birth and death have not been ascer- 
tained. Pei haps he was baptized in the church of Three Mile Run, of 
which there are no records, or in that of the one at Six Mile Run, which 
were destroyed in a fire. 

He was living at Griggstown, N. J., in April, 1760, and was so 
described in a deed. His wife was Eleanor Voorhees. Six of their 
children were baptized at Six Mile Run, 1754-63, and three at New- 
Brunswick, 1766-72. He was an elder of the New Brunswick Church, 
Sept. 12, 1765, when Philip French conveyed the land for the new 
church. His wife was received into the New Brunswick Church, on 
confession, June 28, 1782. as "Nealtje Schuurman, widow of Ferdinant 
Schuurman." She died July 29, 1809, in her 89th year. (Tombstone, 
yard of 1st Ref. Ch. ) 

Ferdinand, at a meeting of the freeholders of Middlesex Co., held at 
the Court-house, New Brunswick, Jan. 3, 1775, was chosen one of the 



20A The Schuermans, of New Jersey. [Oct., 

Committee of Observation and Inspection, who should meet at New 
Brunswick Jan. 16th, and choose a Committee of Correspondence for a 
limited time. 

7. Jacob, probably. For Jacob Schuurman and Maria his wife had a 
child, Maria, bap. at New Brunswick Feb. 11, 1755. This child was 
born Jan. 13, 1755, and the mother was a Van Voorhees. (Record, 
VIII., 167.) 

8. Albertines : bap. N. B , April 4, 1735. 

Third Generation. 
Children of Archibald Thomson, and Jacoba (3). 

9. John: Captain ; m. June 30, 1766, Jane, daughter of Pieter Stry- 
cker and Anne de Riemer. (See No. 5.) 

10. George : bap., N.B., July 21, 1751 ; m. Dec, 1778, Mary Wil- 
liamson. His widow became wife of Col. Thomas McDowell. 

11. Anna : bap., N. B., Aug. 12, 1753. 

12. Jacob : bap., N. B., Oct 16, 1757. 
[See the Record, XXII, 66, etc.] 

Child of Peler Vredenburg, and Margaret (4). 

13. Peter : b. July 14; bap., N. B., Aug. 4, 1745, " Peternis " ; m. 
Dec. 17, 1772, Margaret (14). 

Children of John (5) and Anne de Riemer. 

14. Margaret: bap.,'N. B., Feb. 2, 1752, " Maragrita Schuurman ;" 
witness " Anthe Schuurman ; " m. Dec. 17, 1772, to Peter Vredenburgh, 
Jun., (13). They were received to church membership on confession, 
May 3, 1779, and were recorded as husband and wife. 

15. Catrina : bap., N. B., Aug. 25, 1754. 

16. James : b. Feb. 12, 1756 ; d. Jan. 22, 1824 ; bap. N. B., Feb. 15, 
1756, and recorded "Jacobus Schuurman; " but in his later years he 
wrote his name Schureman. He married Jan. 28, 1778, Eleanor, b. Jan. 
16, 1761, d. July 15, 1823, dau. of David Williamson and Eleanor Schuy- 
lar, who lived at Rhode Hall, near Cranbury, N. J. This Eleanor was 
sister to Mary, who was wife of George Thomson (10). 

James was graduated, about 1773, at Queen's College, now Rutgers, 
and was an accurate scholar. (Steele's Dis. , p. 68.) 

He was commissioned 2d Lieut, of Capt. Taylor's company, Col. John 
Neilson's Battalion of Minute Men, on the 10th of January, 1776, by 
the Committee of Safety, which met at Princeton. Neilson was appointed 
also Colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Middlesex Militia,' Aug. 1, 1776 ; 
and in September and October he served with the two bodies, on the lines 
of Essex and Bergen counties. (Hist, of Union and Middlesex Counties, 
pp. 463, 468, 469.) It is probable that Schureman was a member of 
the militia regiment also, for he is mentioned as 2d Lieut, of Capt, 
Taylor's company of Minute Men, and again as 2d Lieut., Middlesex. 
(Off. and Men of N. J., in the Rev. War. By authority of Legislature. 
1872. P. 446.) 



1892.] The Schuermans, 0/ New Jersey. 20s 

Dr. Steele says, that "chiefly by means of his example and eloquence, 
in pleading at public meetings, a company was formed in the town, who 
served with great credit at the battle of Long Island. He was offered a 
high position in the regular army, but he preferred to serve as a volunteer, 
and held himself ready to go out at a moment's warning against the 
enemy." (Hist. Dis., p. 68.) Dr. Steele and the Cyclopaedia of Amer. 
Biography say, that he held a command as captain in the early part of 
the war, which seems to imply that he commanded his company in the 
battle of Long Island. His local knowledge and influence made him 
more valuable for partisan than for stated service. 

During the war, early in 1777, he, together with his cousin, Capt. 
John Thomson (9), was captured by the British horse, on Laurens Brook, 
three miles south of New Brunswick, at a place subsequently called Ber- 
gen Mill. They were confined for a few days in the guard-house, on 
Burnett street, near the Neilson mansion, and were then transferred to the 
"Sugar House," at the corner of Rose and Duane streets, in the rear of 
the Middle Dutch Church, New York. They were befriended by a 
Rovalist, Philip Kisuyck (whose wife \vas Janetje Stryker). He fur- 
nished money to them, to enable them to purchase necessary things, 
among which they thought it proper to include laudanum, with which to 
qualify the liquor that they gave to the guard. They crossed the Hudson 
river in a small boat with one oar, to Pousl's Hook, and joined the 
patriot army at Morristown. (Hist. Dis., p. 69.) 

On the 26th of October, 1779, Lieut.-Col. John Graves Simcoe, of the 
Queen's Rangers, made a foray from Amboy, burned stores at Bound 
Brook, and whale-boats and the church at Raritan, and the Court House 
at Millstone or Hillsborough. Word was sent to New Brunswick, and 
Col. Neilson moved the 2d Middlesex Militia to Raritan Landing, and 
detached Capt. Moses Guest, with 35 men, to harass the foe on the march. 
Guest set an ambush. Simcoe's horse was shot and fell, and Simcoe was 
stunned. He was about to be run through by a militia man, when 
Schureman, as Dr. Abraham Messier says, knocked up the bayonet, and 
took Simcoe prisoner. A medical student, aged 19, Jonathan Ford 
Morris, bestowed upon Simcoe medical and friendly attentions, and some 
persons attribute to him rescue also. (The Story of an Old Farm. Mel- 
lick. 503-508.) Other authorities give Schureman the credit. (Hist. 
Dis., p. 69 ; Hist. Coll'ns of State of N. J. John W. Barber and Henry 
Howe, Newark, p. 455-) 

Schureman served several terms as Mayor of New Brunswick, and was 
held in high esteem as a citizen. One of the streets was renamed for him, 
as already mentioned. (Steele's Hist. Dis., 24, 68, 69.) 

He was Representative in the General Assembly of New Jersey, 17S3, 
1784,1785, 1788, and a member of the Senate and Council 1808 and 
1812. (Hist, of Union and Middlesex Cos., p. 532.) 

In September, 1786, he was one of the three delegates from New 
Jersey to the convention of delegates from five States, which met at 
Annapolis. (N. Y. Herald, Aug. 7, 1S51.) 

On the 7th of November, 1786, he was elected to the Continental 
Congress, from New Jersey. (Gordon's Hist., p. 324.) 

He was a Federalist, and served as a Representative in the First 
Federal Congress, March 4, 1789-March 3, 179 1 - He was a S ain a 
Representative, in the Fifth Congress, May 15, 1797-March 3, 1799; 



206 'J he Sckuermans, of New Jersey. [Oct., 

and again, May 24, 1813-March 2, 1815. He succeeded John Rutherford 
as Senator of the United States, and served from Dec. 3, 1799, till Feb. 
6, 1801, when he resigned (because of the impending inauguration of 
Jefferson, it is said). (Cyclopaedia of Amer., Biog., Appleton.) It is 
probable that the second war with Great Britain induced him to accept 
the third term as Representative. 

He was a merchant at New Brunswick, and his house and store are 
still standing on Burnett Street, foot of Schureman Street, and they 
were convenient to his \vharf. In 1783 he purchased a farm at One 
Mile Run. which is now in the ownership of his grandson, and namesake. 

He was Elder of the Dutch Church, Sept. is, 1 8 1 7, and April 18, 
1 8 1 9, to fill vacancies. He was a Trustee of Queen's College, 1782- 
1824 ; Secretary, 1784-93 ; and Treasurer, 1795-1812. In the Minutes 
of the Trustees, his name appears as Schuurman, but he gave in to the 
popular usage, under which the spelling became Schureman. 

Good portraits of him and his wife are in existence. His wife was a 
merry woman, with bright and winsome eyes. Upon the back of his 
portrait is the date "1806." His right eye had been destroyed with 
small pox. He was a man of native dignity, of some reserve, and of 
prompt and determined energy. Rev. Dr. Isaac Ferris, who in his 
student days was an inmate of Schureman's house, said of him : " Mr. 
James Schureman was a noble specimen of a man, highly intelligent and 
judicious, and possessed general intelligence, and of large and liberal 
views. He had seen much of public life in honorable positions, and 
was qualified for the leading place which others assigned him." 

17. Isaac: bap., N. B. , Dec. 31, 1758, "Schuurman." He died 
young, of small pox, which destroyed the eye of James, as already stated, 
and the lives of Isaac and William, sons of James, and nearly cost the 
present writer his life. 

18. Elizabeth : bap. Aug. 9, 1 76 1 , "Schuurman ;" m. Nov. 4, 1781, 
to David Nevius. with a license dated Nov. 2. He was of Six Mile Run ; 
b. June 2, 1758 ; d. March 12, 1825. 

A new dwelling house which he had erected was destroyed with fire ; 
and it is said that the old records of the Six Mile Run Church were 
destroyed with the building. 

He was a descendant from Johannes, who came to New Amsterdam 
from Solen, or Solingen, in Westphalia, whose wife was Ariaentje Blyck. 
The name of Navius and Naevius, was known among the Romans from 
the time of Tarquinius Priscus to the days of Horace. 

David's brother, Peter P., was father of Benjamin, whose son, Rev. 
John L. Nevius, is missionary in China. 

Children 0/ Ferdinand (6), and Eleanor Voorhees. 

19. Anne: bap., Six Mile Run, Jan. 20, 1754; d. an infant. 

20. Eleanor: bap. Oct. 19, 1755, " Neeltje ; " d. 1833, at the house 
of her son-in-law, Rev. Staats Van Santvoord, Schodack, N. Y. Re- 
ceived to church membership, New Brunswick, June 28, 1782, as wife of 
John Van Hajlingen. 

21. Jacobes : bap. April 16, 1758. There was a Schureman who 
married Sarah, daughter of Peter Burien and Anna Emmons. (Annals 
of Newtown, p. 342.) Perhaps this was the Schureman. 



1892.] The Schuermans, oj New Jersey. 



207 



22. Abraham : bap. Sept. 28, 1760. Marriage bond, Trenton, 
March 8, 1781, Abraham Schureman and Hetty Combs. 

23. Anne: bap. Nov. 6, 1763. Marriage bond, Trenton, Aug. 7, 
1779, Isaac Van Tine. Received to church membership, at New Bruns- 
wick, on confession, June 28, 1782, as Ante Schuurman, wife of Isaac 
Van Tuyn. 

24. Lena: [Magdalena?] bap., N. B, April 19, 1766, "Lena 
Schuurman." Received to church membership, April 25, 1800, Lenah 
Schureman, wife of Jonathan Combs. Children baptized 1796, 1800. 

25. Margaret: bap. Jan. 22, 1769; "Maragrita Schuurman ;" m. 
1789, to Martin Schenck, b. May 9, 1770, of Hillsborough, Sheriff of 
Somerset County. 

26. Jane: bap. Jan. 26, 1772, " Janetje Schuurman ;" d. July 31, 
1821, 48, 7 (Tombstone, N. B.) ; m. Sept. 27, 1794, to Abraham Vanars- 
dalen ; d. Aug. 22, 1825, 5 2 - (Tombstone.) 

Van Arsdale was sheriff. He had for second wife, Sarah Wetherall, 
by whom he had one child, John Rue, who married Mary Tannahill, and 
died about 1887, near Chicago. The sheriff's widow became second 
wife of David Mercareau. (Dr. Chas. H. Voorhees, and Lewis Apple- 
gate of N. B, ) 

Fourth Generation. 

Children of John Thomson (9), and "Jane Stryker. 

27. Peter : bap., New Brunswick, March 22, 1767 ; m. Nov. 5, 
179-, Christina Schuyler. In 1827 he was living about two miles from 
Auburn. 

28. Margarit : bap. March 5, 1769. 

29. Archibald : bap. April 26, 1770; m. Catharine Applegate. 

30. Jane : bap. May 31, 1773 ; d. Jan., 1827, at Auburn ; m. Rev. 
Conrad Ten Eyck, b. 1756; d. Oct. 30, 1844. He was a volunteer in 
the Revolutionary Army ; tutor in the High School, Schenectady ; pastor 
at Amsterdam and at Owasco. 

31. John : bap. July 23, 1775 ; d. July n, 1850 or 51 ; m. April 
13, 1798, Mary Lyell ; d. Feb. 1853, aged 78, 4. Physician. 

32. Anne : bap. Nov. 19, 1777; d. 1851, aged 75, 4; m. Nov. 28, 
1797, to Rev. Dr. Matthew LaRue Perrine. She died with one of the 
children of her brother George, in Wisconsin. 

33. Elizabeth : bap. May 4, 1780; m. Jan., 1809, to Peter Van 
Neste. 

34. Isaac Schureman (Capt.) : bap. Nov., 1782; d. Sept., 1848; 
m. Wilhelmina Bont. 

35. George: b. March 17, 1785; d. Oct. 17, 1816; m. Elizabeth 
Fonda. 

36. Philip Kisuyck or Kesick ; b. March 1, 1787 : d. April 1, 
185Q ; m. Eunice Gavlord, and Hannah Gavlord. [See Record. 
XXII., 6t, 6S.] 

Children of George Thomson (10), and Maria Williamson. 

37. Jacobus: bap, N. Bruns., May 22, 1785. 

38. David Williamson : bap. Nov. 18, 1787. 



2o8 The Schuermans, of Aew Jersey. [Oct-, 

Children of Peter Vredenburg (13), and Margaret (14). 

39. Peter : bap., N. B., Oct. 31, 1773 ; d. Jan. 17, 1774. 

40. John Schureman (Rev.) : b. March 20, 1776 ; bap. March 31 ; d. 
at Raritan, Oct. 4, 1821 ; m. April 3, 180c, Sarah, d. about 1826, dau. 
of Rev. James Caldwell and Hannah Ogden, dau. of John. Her sister 
Esther was wife of Rev. Dr. Robert Finley of the Presbyterian Church. 
Their mother was shot by a British soldier, through a window, and died 
of the wound. Caldwell was of Elizabeth, N. J. At a later period, he 
was himself shot by a sentinel, after the latter had been relieved from 
his post, either through drunken spite or treachery. 

Vredenburg was graduated at Queen's College, 1794 ; licensed by 
class, N. B., 1800; ordained and installed pastor of the Raritan church in 
June, 1S00, and remained thereuntil his death. About 181 5 was made 
superintendent of the academy at Somerville, but his health was not equal 
to the charge. Trustee of Queen's College 1S00-1821. (See Annals of 
Amer. Pul., IX. and IV. ; Manual of Ref. Church.) 

Probably it was his half-uncle, Johannis Vreden burgh, who married 
Sarah Taylor. 

41. Peter (physician) : b. Oct. 5 ; bap. Oct. 8, 177S, N. B. ; d. Sept. 
15, 1848 ; m. Maria Van Doren. He is described as a man of much 
intelligence and culture, a highly respected physician and citizen of Som- 
erville, N. ]., and his wife as cheerful and bright, and active in good 
works. 

Children of James (16) and Eleanor Williamson. 

42. John (Rev. Dr.) : b. Oct. 19 ; bap. Nov. 15, 1778, N. B„ 
"Schuurman;" d. May 18, 1818, of typhus fever; m. May 11, 1802, 
Julia Anne Conover, b. July n, 1781 ; d. May 24, 1834 ; daughter of 
Col. Elias Conover, of Monmouth, N. J., and of Anne Fish, of Long 
Island. The name was Koenhoven originally. 

He was graduated at Queen's College, Sept. 30, 1795, and studied 
theology, at N. Y. , with Rev. Dr. John H. Livingston was licensed 

in 1801; pastor at Bedminster, N. J., 1801-07; Hillsborough ch. at Mill- 
stone, 1807-09; Collegiate ch., N. Y., 1809-11. 

He had never been in robust health, and the city pastoral charge was 
too much for him, so he accepted the Vice-Presidency of Queen's College 
in 181 1, and retained it until his death. He was Professor of Moral Phil- 
osophy and Belles Lettres, 1 813-18 ; and in the Seminary, Professor of 
Ecclesiastical History and Pastoral Theology, 181 5-18. 

In January, 1813, he became pastor of the church at New Brunswick, 
and was instrumental in healing discords, which had existed for some time. 
But a return of ill-health compelled him to retire at the end of two years. 

He was Trustee of Queen's College, 1800-18. The College of New 
Jersey, as well as Queen's, made him A. M., in 1801 ; and Columbia Col- 
lege conferred the degree of S. T. D., in 1816. 

He was rising in usefulness, influence, and reputation at the time of 
his death. His characteristics were amiability, solidity, and Christian 
discretion ; and he was greatly beloved and trusted. He was simple, 
clear, direct, and logical, and he sustained himself among some of the most 
popular ministers of New York City. (Evan. Guard, and Review, Sept., 
181 8 ; Annals of Amer. Pul., IX.; Manual of Ref. Church.) 



1892.] The Schuermans, of New Jersey. 2OQ 

43. Eleanor: b. Dec. 9, 1780; d. July 7, 1836; m. March 4, 1S07, 
N. B., to Cornelius Johnson ; b. Aug-. 22, 1783; d. Feb. 1, 1857, at 
Navesink Heights. He was a physician, and practiced at Monmouth, 
and in Staten Island, and for many vears at Spottswood. In the place 
last named, he was an Elder of the Dutch Church. 

44. Anne : b. Jan. 5 ; bap. Feb. 9, 1783, N. B., " Schuurman ; " il 
Feb. 8, 1889. 

45. David : b. March 23, 1785 ; d. Nov. 30, 1858, near N. B. ; m. 
Oct. 17, 1810, Lydia, b. Nov. 19, 1790 ; d. April 13, 1836 ; dau. of Dr. 
Melanchthon Freeman, of Woodbridge, N. J., and ot Sarah Haines, cousin 
of Gov. Haines. 

In his youth he was in his father's store. Afterwards, and for many 
years, he was a teacher in the neighborhood of N. B., and at last he 
made his home with his son Melanchthon, in New York City. 

46. Margaret: b. March 31, 1787 ; d. Jan. 15, 1865, while visiting 
in New Jersey ; m. N. B., Dec. 7, 1810, to David Nevius (59). In her 
later years she made her home with her children at the West. She was 
a woman of great amiability. 

47. Anne: b. May 10, 1789 ; d. s. Feb. 23, 1841, at Hagerstown, 
Md., while visiting her sister Catharine. She had been active in church 
work at New Brunswick. 

48. Maria ; b. Dec. 25, 1790 ; d. Aug. 24, 1792. 

49. James : b. March 10, 1793 ; d. May 12, 1877, at Shrewsbury, 
N. J. ; m. Sept. 9, 1817, Susan, b. Jan. 21, 1785 ; d. April 13, 1880, dau. 
of James Wall, of Middletown, N. J., and sister of Garret D. Wall. 

He abandoned a college course, because of an injury to his head. 
He was in the counting house of March & Benson, N. Y. Afterwards 
he settled on the farm of his father, at One Mile Run, whence he removed 
to Belvidere, and thence to Shrewsbury. 

50. Catharine : b. Feb. 10, 1785 ; d. May 18, 1847, of consump- 
tion ; m. Aug. 10, 1725, to Rev. Richard Wynkoop, b. N. Y., Dec. 16, 
1798 ; d. April 5, 1842, at Hagerstown, Md., of congestion of the bowels ; 
s. of Peter Wynkoop and Margaret Quackenbos, andg. s. of Judge Dirck 
Wynkoop, who was an active and trusted Revolutionary patriot in Ulster 
County, N. Y. 

She was a woman of great calmness, good intelligence, and excellent 
memory. A good miniature of her is in existence, painted by an amateur, 
who did not have equal success with her husband's. 

Wynkoop was grad. Columbia Col., 1819 ; N. B. Sem. 1819-1822 ; 
lie. April 5, 1826, by 2d Pres. N. Y. Synodical Miss.- of Dutch Church 
at Cato, Cayuga County, N. Y., Oct. 29, 1825-Jan. 31, 1827, and April 
1-25, 1827, when a substitute for him was accepted ; pastor of the Gen. 
Ass. Pres. Ch., Yorktown ( lormerly Krompond hamlet), Westchester 
Co., N. Y., June 14, 1S27— April 16, 1834 ; pastor of Pres. Ch., Hagers- 
town, Md., Tune 25, 1834, until his death. This church returned to its 
Associate Ref. connection, March 6, 1838; but, after his death, resumed 
its relations with the General Assembly. (See Wynkoop Genealogy, 
1878 ; Manual of Ref. Ch. ; Sprague's Annals, Vol. IX.) 

51. Lydia Mary Williamson : b. April 28, 1797 ; d. N. Y., May 28, 
1876 ; m. Aug. 6, 18 16, to Rev. Richard Sluyter, b. Nassau, Rensselaer 
Co, N. Y., Sept. 3, 1787 ; d. July 25, 1843 ;' s. of William Sluyter and 
Mary Ray. 






2io The Schuermans, of New Jersey. [Oct., 

She was an intelligent woman, and an interesting correspondent. The 
present writer is indebted to her industry and skill for much aid in this 
compilation. 

Sluyter was grad. N. B. Sem. 1815 ; lie. class of N. B. 1815 ; Claver- 
ack and Hillsdale, 1816-25 ! Claverack, 1825-42 ; Claverack 1st and 2d, 
1842 ; Claverack 1st, 1843. He was a colleague of Rev. John G. Geb- 
hard ; and, having part of his Sabbaths free, he preached at Ghent also, 
for seven years. He was zealous in the organization of new churches, 
and is credited with forming the one at Hudson. He had a fine presence 
and a military bearing, and he was a good singer. He was chaplain of 
the old 47th Regiment, with commission dated Aug. 5, 1831. (See 
Manual of Ref. Church.) 

52. William Williamson : b. April 19, 1799 ! d. Jan. 30, 1850, 
small pox ; m. Anne Bennet, b. Aug. 16, 1799 ; d. Nov. 16, 1880; dau. 
of John Bennett. 

William was at first in business in New Brunswick. Afterwards he 
settled upon the farm which had been purchased by his father, and been 
occupied by his brother James, and there he died, and his son James 
succeeded to the farm. 

53. Isaac : b. May 7 ; d. May 23, 1801. 

54. Isaac : b. Sept. 5, 1802 ; d. s. May 30, 1828, of smallpox. He 
was a dwarf, and was full of mischief. 

55. Stephen Jones : b. Feb. 27 ; d. March 23, 1805 ; named from the 
husband of his maternal aunt, Lydia Williamson. 

Children of David Nevius, and of Elizabeth (18). 

56. Peter Schureman : b. Aug. 23, 1782 ; d. Sept. 27, 1870; m. 
Maria Van Doren. He was a farmer at Pleasant Plains, and one of the 
judges of the Somerset courts. 

57. Anne : b. May 8, 1784 ; d. Dec. 27, 1832 ; wife of Peter Bogart, 
who was long a steward of the Seminary at Princeton. 

58. John Schureman : b. Nov. 30, 1785 ; d. Feb., 1835 ; m. Lydia 
Van Dyke. 

59. David : b. Aug. 19, 1787 ; d. Oct. 15, 1843, on a farm near 
New Brunswick ; m. Dec. 7, 1810, his cousin Margaret Schureman (46). 

60. Wilhelmina : b. July 4, 1789; d. July 16, 1831 ; w. of Isaac 
Skillman. Lived at Ringoes. 

61. James : b. April 30, 1791 ; d. Aug. 16, 1794. 

62. Martin : b. Nov. 14, 1794 ; d. May, 1800. 

63. James Schureman (Judge) : b. Sept. 16, 1796 ; d. Jersey City, 
Dec. 28, 1859; m. May 2, 1820, Catharine Disborough Polhemus, b. 
July 28, 1801 ; d. New Brunswick, June 22, 1879. 

Graduated at the College of New Jersey, 18 16 ; studied law with Fred- 
erick Frelinghuysen ; admitted to the bar, 1819 ; practiced law at New 
Brunswick. In 1838 he was appointed one of the Associate Judges of 
the Supreme Court of New Jersey, for a term of seven years. Served 
also a second term, and then resumed practice in Jersey City. He had 
a good reputation for ability and impartiality, and had the confidence of 
the bar, and of jurymen. He had a pleasant humor and was popular. 

64. Margaret: b. April 3, 1799 ; d. Sept. 7, 1862 ; wife of William 
Van Dyke, who was brother of Lydia already named. 



• ] The . Schuermans, of New Jersey. _> I I 



f~Z 



j 65. Martin : b. April 15. 1801 ; d. July 30, 1 817. 
P 66. Isaac : b. Oct. 8, 1803 ; d. 1866 : m. Susan Hutchings ; no 
children. They lived at Titusville, N. J. His twin brother died at birth. 

Children of John Van Harlingen and Eleanor (20). 

67. Maria : b. April 10, 1775 ; bap., N. B., May 28 ; d. Aug. iS, 
1848 ; m. N. B., May 17, 1797, to Abram Ditmas [Ditmars] ; b. Feb. 
2 7> '773 I d. May 13, 1868. 

68. Rantje: b. May 18, 1778 ; bap. June 14 ; d. April 15, 1842 ; m 
Jan. 1, 1807, to Jacques Cotelyon, a silversmith ; b. June 16, 17S1 ; d. 
Dec. 8, 1S22. 

69. Elizabeth : bap. May 6, 1781 ; m. to Uriah Lott, and was left 
a widow with several children. 

70. John (physician): bap. Feb. 9, 1783; the mother, "Neeltje 
Schuurman ; " m. Catharine, dau. of William Lawson, a merchant, of 
New Brunswick. He was graduated at Queen's College 1S09 ; was the 
oldest living graduate at the time of his death, aged about 90 years ; lived 
at Lebanon, Ohio. 

Margaret : bap. March 5, 1786 ; d. 1833 or • 834 ; sec. wife of Rev. 
Staats Van Santvoord ; b. June 3, 1790 ; p. 1882. He was graduated 
Union College 1811 ; N. B. Sem. 1814; lie. class, N. B., 1814 ; Belle- 
ville, 1814-28 ; agent to collect funds for the Theol. Sem., 1828-29 ; 
Schodack, 1829-34; at Coeymans also, 1829-30; stated supply at New 
Baltimore, 1834-39 ; Onisquethaw, 1839-64 ; supplying also Sec. Berne, 
1841-42 ; and New Salem, 1843-44 ; and pastor at Jerusalem, 1845-57 ; 
in the service of the Christian Commission, Nashville, 1864. (See Man- 
ual ofRef. Ch.) 

Children of Jacob ^21) and Sarah Bevien, or of Abraham (22) and Hetty 
Combs. 

72. James: m. April 13, 1813, Mary Haviland. Two children of 
James Schureman and Mary Haveland were baptized at New Brunswick : 
Mary Ann, b. May 15, 1814 ; Eliza, b. Sept., 1815. 

73. Eliza Ann : m. April 24, 1 8 1 7, N. B., to Daniel Miller. It is 
said that he was of Woodbridge. 

Children of Jonathan Combs and Lena (24). 

74. Sarah : bap. N. B., June 21, 1796. 

75. James Schureman : bap. March 27, 1S00. 

Children of Martin Schenck and Margaret (25). 

76. Ferdinand Schureman : m. Leah Voorhees ; physician at Six 
Mile Run. 

77. Sarah. 

78. Ellen. 

79. Mary. 

80. Anne. 

81. Ulpian. 

82. Van Sinderin. 



2i2 Fishkrfl Inscriptions. . [Oct., 

Children of Abraham Van Arsdalen and Jane (26). 

83. Ferdinand Schureman : bap., N. B., Nov. 6, 1795 ; was grad. 
Queen's College 1816 ; lawyer. 

84. Isaac: bap. May 7, 1797; physician. 

85. Maria: bap. Feb. 17, 1799; d. Jan. 31, 1824. She was 
stabbed to death by her husband, Josiah Stone, who was convicted of 
murder, and committed suicide. 

86. Cornelius Cornell: bap. Mar. 16, 1805; d. s. 1856; grad. 
Rutgers College 1828; N. B. Sem. 1831 ; Cong. ch. Hartford, Conn. ; 
stated supply, Brooklyn Central, 1838-40 ; S. S. Brooklyn South, 1840- 
41 ; Philadelphia ist, 1841-49 ; Greenwich Ch., N. Y, City, 1852-54. 



FISHKILL INSCRIPTIONS. 

The Reformed Dutch Church of Fishkill was organized iu 1716, by 
Rev. Petrus Vas of Kingston. 

Service was maintained there occasionally. In 1730 Madam Katrina 
Brett, the only child of Francis Rombout, and therefore heiress of the 
-Rombout Precinct, gave the glebe land to the church. 

The first Consistory meeting was held in 1731 (April), then the peti- 
tion to Governor Generale Montgomerie to erect a church at the Vishkills 
of Fish-Creek. The church was erected that year, enlarged in 1784, 
and still stands in excellent and beautiful repair, one of the churches 

" An honor to our native place, 
The glory of our land." 

The oldest stone in the yard. It is rough, and unhewn. The letters 
are cut evidently with a knife. Roman characters. 

lames Husy | Borned AD 1680 | Dyed Augustus ye i6 ,h dye | 1737. 
oe 57 years. 

Mr. Husy was one of the founders of this church. 

Jemima Weeks. | Good-bye, my dear, my much loved wife | You've 
been the Comfort of my Life | Hut we shall meet in Heaven Above | Where 
all is Peace and Joy and Love | Born June 21 1746 | Died June 27 1808 

In Memoriam | Gulian Crommelin Verplanck L. L. D ; | Natus Novi 
Eboraci VI. Die Augusti, | A. D. MDCCLXXXVI, | Ex Hollandicis et 
Anglicis proavis, | Vir multis variisque dotibus | Ingenii insignis, | Dicip- 
lina juris, artibus et litteris, | maxime peritus, j Moribusantiquis, Pietate 
sincera | Strenuus Fidei Christiana; et Ecclesias Defensor, j Compluribus 
publices mumeribus perfunctus, | Transiit benefaciendo XVIII Die 
Martii A.D. MDCCCLXX- 



Non vero ill e in luce modo, atque in, | oculis civium magnus, sed 
intus domique | prasstantior. Qui sermo ! qua; praecepta ! | quanta noti- 
tia antiquitatis ! | Omnia memoria tenebat. | Cic. de Senec. 



. ] Fish kill Inscriptions. 



2 I 



The grave of | Isaac Eugene Cotheal. | Born | August 12, 1 8 1 7; | 
Died I May 8, 1884. | Because I live ye shall live also. | St. John xiv. 19. 

Polly Martin | wife of Sheldon Martin | Died | That once loved form 
now cold & dead | My mournful thoughts employs | I weep my earthly 
comforts dead | And withered all my joys | On harps of Gold she sings 
thy praise | Thy presence she doth view | And if I here her footsteps 
trace — With her I'll praise him too. 

Charlotte wife of | Cornelius Pepper | Good Bye my Husband dear 
Good Bye I My Savior calls me, upon High. | To my Heavenly home on 
high above | Where we shall meet in joy & love 

Thomas Corbin | Thou art sleeping now like Lazarus | Upon thy 
Savior 5 breast | Where the wicked, cease from troubling | And the weary 
are at rest. | Died April 22 1834. 

Catharine Corcellus Lucam | Died Oct 12th 1800 | And swift as rip- 
ples rise upon the deep | The dead awaken from their dismal sleep | The 
graves fly open — And with awful strife | The dust of ages startles into life. 

Elizabeth Bates Graham | Died March 12th 1804. | See how the pit 
gapes wide for you | And flashes in your face | And thou my soul look 
upward too | And sing recovering Grace 

Jerome Phillips | Died Oct 15 th 181 2 | Oft as the bell with solemn 
toll I Speaks the departure of a soul | Let each one ask himself Am I | 
Prepared should I be called to die | Then when that solemn bell I hear | 
If saved from sin I need not fear | Nor would the thought distressing be j 
Perhaps it next may toll for me 

A. Vandewater | While sinners in despair shall Call | Rocks rend and 
mountains on us Fall | The saints shall All from earth arise | And wipe 
the dust from out their eyes | Born 1760 | Died 18 10. 

Elizabeth Van Dyck | Died 181 1 | Behold! her bed of death | The pale 
& mortal Clay | Heard ye her sob of parting breath | Saw ye ? her eye 5 
last ray | Her life was ended Here to be | She lapsed into immortality | And 
from the Grave her dust shall rise | In Christ 5 own Image from the Skies 

Here Lyes the Boddyee | of Barbara Van Dyck | Borned April ye iS' h 
dye 1682 I Deceesed A e 1743 as 59 years n mos | An Honest Dame — 
A Frugal — wyfe. We Greeved her much' | when She Left this life. 

Adam Allgett ] Born 1728 | Died July 28 th 1810 | Aged 82 years | 
Having no children ; he bequeathed his Estate | To the Reformed-Dutch- 
Church of Hopewell. 

H. L. S. I The Remains of | Mathew Brett Esq. | Who Departed this 
Life I June i 5t 1771 | Aged XXVIII years. X months. XV days | As 
he was born July 16 th 1742. | P. M S. | Within this house, my body 
lies. I My Soul arose, above the skies. | When time's no more^I'll rise and 
live. I To taste the joy. that Heaven shall give. 

William Henry. | Son of | Eliasand Margaret Brevoort. | " The Lord 
gave. " I Nov 23 d ' 1802 | The Lord has taken away. | June 5 th 1858 | 
Blessed be the name of the Lord. 



2i4 Fishkill Inscriptions. [Oct., 

Harriet Nichols | Widow of | James-Ashton-Bayard | Died Septem- 
ber 26* 1844 I Aged 55 years : 2 mos. 22 day s | Jesus said unto her. 
I am the resurrection | and the life. 

John N. Bailey | Born Nov n* 1767 | Died December 16 th 1846 | 
Aged 79 years. 1 mo. 5 day 5 [Note. — The parents of Henry D. B. 
Bailey. Esq. the historian and antiquarian, of Fishkill.] 

Elizabeth | Wife of John N. Bailey. | Born Jan 7 th 1780 | Died July 
17" 1865 I Aged 85 years 6 mo s 10 dy s 

Man' Bailey | Daughter of John and Elizabeth Bailey | Died Jan 2 nd 
1846 I Aged 28 years 10 mo s 29 dys. 

George Bogart | Died Jan 9 ,h 1835 | Aged 77 y rs 4 mos 5 dy s | " Born 
Sept i4 ,h 1758.' 

Susanna | Wife of George Bogart | Born July | 6 th 1758 [ Died July 
7 th 1833 I Aged 75 yi s 11 mo s 22 dy 

Cornelius Bogardus | Born Jan 22 nd 1758 | Died July 6 th 181 1 | 
Age 53 yr 4 mo 10 dy 

Elizabeth Roe | Wife of Cornelius Bogardus | Born March 6 th 1754 
I Died July i6 ,h 1807 | Aged 53 yr" 4 mo s 10 dys 

Daniel Birdsall | Born on Long-Island, -Oyster-Bay | Jan i st 1724 
I Died Jan 6 th , 1816 | Aged 92 yrs 6 days 

Merby | Wife of Daniel Birdsal | Born Nov 30 th 1 73 1 j Died Feb 14 th 
1799 I Age 68 yrs 2 mos 15 dy s 

Hier Leyde Begraaven | bet Lichaam vas | AbraHarm Bloom | Ge- 
storve I den 3 dag van Septemb 1757 

Frederick-Bunnel | Born 1761 | Died April 10 th 1828 | Aged 67 yrs 
Ann Bunnel. | Born 1761 | Died May 3 d 1838 | Aged 70 years 
John-Bedford. | Born 1757 | Died Jan n ,h 1834 | Aged 77 years 

■ In memory of | Coll John Brinckerhoflf. | Born 1702. | Who Deptdthis 
life the 26 h of March 1785. | in ye 83 d year of his age | Ye pious view this 
humble shrine | Here lies a friend of God, and thine. | In age advanced 
as you may see ; — Near to the age of eighty-three. | In life his closet was 
his fare. | His house was known, a house of prayer. | At Jesus' feet, in 
humble strains | He rested and the promise claimed | In private and in 
publick life | A friend to peace, a foe to strife. 

In Memory of | JanettjieBrinckerhofT | Wife of Coll John Brinckerhoff 
Who departed this life | Nov 11 1792 | JE 88 yi s | She was born 1704. 

Hier Lydt Het Lighaam | van Johannis Brinckerhoff. | Overleeden 
Dee 5 th Dagh van Juny 1 757 | Oude Zynde 29 Jaar en 9 Maande | [Born 
1727.] 

Hier Leyd | Het Lighaam | van Antye Brinckerhoff | Huys vrow van 
Johannis Brinckerhoff | Overleeden-de-i st -Dagh van Jung 1754 | Oude 
Zynde 22 yaren. | [Born 1732.] 

Hier Lydt Hety Lighaam | van Dienna Brinckerhoff | Doghter van 
Jan Brinckerhof | Zynde In-de-Heere Gerust | De 24 Augustus 1752. | 
Oude Zynde | 16 Jaaren | [Born 1736.] 



1892.] Fishkill Inscriptions. 



215 



Hier Leydt Het Lighaam. | van Bar Beraette Brinckerhoff | Doghter 
van Jan Brinckerhoff | Zynde In-de-Heere Gerust | Den 4 Dagh May 
1752 I Oude Zynde 17 Jaaren 22 Dagen | [Born 1735.] 

Hier Lydt Het Lighaam | van Dirck-Brinckerhoff. | Zoon van Jan 
Brinckerhoff I Zynde In-de-Heere Gerust | de 16 April 1764 oudt 
Zynde, 25 Jaar. 

Anno Domino 1767; den 23 d October | In-de Heere Gerust | 
Geertge. Brinckerhoff. | Huys vrow van Dirck Brinckerhoff | Oude 
Zynde 37 Jaar | Zaaligh Zynde doodendie-in-den Heere | Seerven wa 
Zy Rusteen Van Haare | Avbeydt et haare waeikein volgeer | mer haar. 

Hier Lydt Het Lighaam | va Femmelje Geboren Remsen | Huys 
vrow van Abraham Brinckerhoff. | naar Zyn overleeden Weedet gertrout 
I met Abram Bloom. | Geboren den 25 th Oct 1703. & | Gestorven den 
6 Feb 1771 I Oude Zynde Jaar 6 maanden 

Gertrude | Daughter of Jacoband Dinah Brinckerhoff | Who departed 
this life I Dec 27 1864 | Aged 90 years | [Note. — Her memory was re- 
markable, and her interesting reminiscences of 85 years contributed 
greatly to the interest of the history of Fishkill.] 

In memory of | George C. Brinkerhoff | Who was born in 1742. 
departed | this life April 26 18 12. | JE 70 years. 

In Memory of | Archibal Currie Esq | late merchant of New-York | 
who departed this life | April 25 1814 | Born 1738 Aged 76 and 6- 
mos. 

In Memory of | Catharin Currie | Wife of | Archibald Currie Esq | 
who departed this life | May 22 1817 | in the 74 lh year of her age 

Catharine Corcellus | Wife of | Benjamin Lucam Esq. | Born Oct. 10 th 
1746 I Died Oct 12 th 1800 I AL 54 years 

Cornelius Cooper Esq | Born Dec-3o th 1735 | Died April 9 th 1824 
JE 88 yrs 3 mo s 19 dys 

Elizabeth | Wife of Cornelius Cooper Esq | Born July 1 st 1750 | Died 
March 19 th 1798 

Martha Cooper | Wife of John O Cooper | Born Dec 23 d 1757 | Died 
Sept 18 177S I M 20 yrs 8 mos. 26 dys | Hoping her soul 5 at rest With 
the celestial train | In jo) 5 and happynes 5 Where blessed Angels reign 

Abraham Duryee Esq. | Departed this life | May 30 lh 1802 | M 60 
yrs 

Hier Leydt Begraaven | Abraham Duryee | Gestorven Jaar 1720 den 
6 dag. I van April En Overleeden | den 7 dag-van September 1785. 

In Memory of | William Dobbs Esq. | who departed this life | Sept 
13 th 1781 I Borned July 10 th 1716. | AL 65 years. 

In memory of | Captain Joseph-Dobbs | ye son of | William Dobbs 
Esqr I who departed This Life May 19 th j Anno Domino 1790- in )'e 
40 th year 



2 1 6 Notes and Queries. [Oct. , 

Captin Peter Du Bois | departed this life | March 6 th 1781 | Aged 
83 yrs and 9 mos [Born 1696.] 

Anna Schenck. | Wife of Abraham Duryee | Born 26 th of April— 1723 
O-S. I And departed this life | Augustus ye 1 st dye 1803 N-S | Aged 80 
yr s 2 mos & 26 dys. 

Hier Lyes the Bodye of | Abraham Duryee | Born Nov 19 th — 1737 | 
and departed this life | April I2 th i764 | In ye 27 th year : of his ^£ge. 

Hier Leydt Begraaven Het Lichaam | van Steeven-Duryee | Over- 
leeden-den 20 s,e dag van December | in t' Jaar Onses Heer 1776 | Oudt 
Zynde 32 Jaar. 5 Maaden. | Al-ure dit Zeit-in het gaan voorby | Jek 
Plaght ye Zuyn Eeens. Alogy | Alsiek. na ben mostgy vook Zuyn | 
Beneyt usen votght. Myn. 

Hanmib | Wife if Capt'n Peter Dubois | [Born April 6th 1743] | de- 
parted this life I March. i 5 ' 1S13. | Aged 69 yrs-10 mo s -and 26 dyef 

In Memory of | Peter-P-Du Bois | who departed this life | Aug 14 th 
1814 I JE 74 years-8mos-26 day s | [Born 1739] 

Freelove | daughter of | John and Rachel-Du-Bois | Died Aug 22 nd 
1818 I Aged 21 years-i 1 mos-i days. 

Maria-Du-Bois. | daughter of | John and Rachel Du-Bois | Died 
Aug 9 th day-1816 | Aged 23 years-6 mos-20 days. 

Elizabeth Shear | Daughter of | Rudolphus Hasbrook | Born Doc-4" 1 
1752 I Died November 11 th 1S41 | Aged 88 years 11 mos 7 dys 

Sarah | Wife of John B. Hauk | Bom Aug 13 th 1738 | Died Oct 23 d 

1794 I What 5 Mortal 5 Dead | The Immortal Fled | From Flesh and 

Scence | To Joys Immense | This Dust shall Rise | And Mount the Skies 

I When Both shall Joyn | The Work Divine | And thro' Endless Ages 

Sing I Praises to our God & King 

Here Lyes the Body of J Silas Lockwood | Borne Sept 3 d 1743 | Died 
Sept 10 th 1768 I Aged 25 years. 7 dys 

( To be continued.) 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Who were the parents of the following Merritts? Andrew, of Rye, N. Y., 
born 22 Feb., 1722. Andrew, of Bradford Co., Pa., 1780 ; children, Daniel, Sam. and 
Wm. Asa, of Brimfield, Mass. born 172S. Applonia, bur. in Dutch Church, 
Albany, 1756. Benjamin, of Rye, N. Y., 1741 ; wife Hannah. Benjamin, of New- 
castle Co., Del., 1735 ; wife Mrs. Shelly. Charles, of Rye, N. Y., born 2 Nov., 
1750. Daniel, of Boston, 1739; wife Lydia Sweetzer. David, of Cortlandt Manor, 
N. Y., 17S8. Ebenezer, of Redding, Conn., born Oct. 1762. Ebenezer, of North 
East, N. Y., 1780; wile Kezier Clapp. Edward, of New York, freeholder, 1701. 
Elizabeih, of Newport, R. I., 163S. Elizabeth, mar. Joseph Emorie at Andover, 
1698. Elisha, of Philips Mpnor, N. Y., 1760; wife Diantha. Ezekiel, of Newport, 



1892.] No/es and Queries. 



217 



R. I.; freeman. 163S. Esther, mar, Robert Faries in New York, 175 7. Elizabeth, 
mar. David Jenkins, 1741. Elijah, of Westchester Co., N. Y.. 17S0; wife Ami 
Hughsted. Elisha, of Greenburgh, N. Y.. 1725 ; wife Rebecca. George, of Scituale, 
Mass., born 6 Mar.. 1763. George, of Perth Amboy, 1694. Gilbert, of Paterson,' 
N. J., 1760; wife Elizabeth Green. Henry, in Major Rogers Co., Ticonderoga, 
175S. Isaac, of Bristol, Pa., a Quaker, 16S4. Isaac, of Burlington, N. T., 1699 ; 
wife Susanna Field. Isaac, of Rye, N. Y., 1765 ; wife Phebe. Isaac of Pennsylva- 
nia, and Mount Holly, N. J., 1745 ; wife Sarah White. James, of Barkhampsteed, 
Conn., born 1745. John, of Northcastle, N. Y. ; had son Nathaniel, born 1725. 
Joseph, mar. Sarah Hopkins in New York, 1736. Joseph, mar. Hannah Brondige 
of Rye, 1750. Joshua, mar. Priscilla Litchfield, 1759. Job, of Rye, N. Y., mar. 
Zipporah Bailey, 17S1. John, captain, mar. Sybil da. of Solomon Ray, 1649. John, 
mar. Catharine Guthrie, 16S4. John, carpenter, of Brooklyn, 1641. John, in Capt. 
Lothrop's Co., South Deerfield, 1675. John, captain of Block Island. 1701. John, 
grocer, of King St., Boston, 1733. John, of Mamaroneck, N. Y., mar. Mary Cor- 
nell, 1766. John, buried at St. John's Church, Providence, 1770. Michael, of 
Killingworth, Conn., born 173S ; wife, Lucy Chittenden. Moses, born 24 Tuly. 
1768 ; wife Mary Johnson. Nehemiah, of Scituate, born 1755 ; died 13 July, 1772. 
Nicholas of Lynde'boro, N. IL, 1736. Nathaniel, of Rowley, Mass. ; had son Moses, 
born 1773. Peter, in Rye Militia, 175S ; born 1739. Peter, mar. Elizabeth 
Beesley, at Philadelphia, 177S. l'heleck, of Hopkinson, R. I.. 1774. Philip, of 
Boston, born 1662; wife Mary, died 1741. Richard, of Charlestown, Mass., mar. 
Mary Simmons, 1685. Richard, freeholder in Richmond CO., N. Y., 1701. Robert, 
mar. Mary Boyd at Philadelphia, 1777. Samuel, in Capt. Clark's Co. to Canada, 
1757. Samuel, of Cortlandt, N. Y., bought land from Thos. Franklin, jr., 1774. 
Samuel, of Mamaroneck, N. Y. , 1793; wife Marcy. Stephen, versus Thomas Sey- 
mour, White Plains, 1757. Stephen, of North East, N. Y., 1775. Roger, of Port- 
chester. N. Y., born|i733. Sylvanus, of Rye, N. Y., 1771. Thomas, of Gravesend, 
L. I., 1650 ; son Samuel. Thomas, of New York, 1693, owner of ship Little Bal- 
timore. Thomas, mar. Sarah Smith, at Railway, 1739. Thomas, mar. Rachel 
Campbell, in New York, 1764. Thomas, of Lower Yonkers, 1775. Thomas of North 
East, 1775. Thomas of Rowley, Mass., mar. Elizabeth Cressy, 17S7. William, of 
Bergen, N. J., mar. Katrine Hendricks before 1696. William, owned land on Fresh 
Water Pond, New York. 1730. William, tailor. No. 50 William St., New York. 
1786. Zacharias, settled at Kent, Putnam Co.. about 1753. Lieutenant Merrill, 
mar. Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Watson, of New Jersey, and died before 17S5. 

DOUGLAS MERRITT, 

Leacote, Rhinebeck, N. Y. 

A MEMBER of the society, now in London, sends to President Wilson the following 
extract on pedigree-building from the pen of George Augustus Sala, taken from a 
September issue of an English weekly, the title of which he does not mention : 
" Professor Milne Murray, lecturing before the British Association on the subject of 
pedigrees, 'struck oil,' to my thinking, in an equally amusing and instructive sense. 
' Why,' asked the Professor, ' should we not seek to build up our pedigree on the 
basis that we had two parents, four grandparents, eight great-grandparents, and so 
on? Consequently, if we look into account the twenty five generations that had 
elapsed since the Conquest, instead of being descended from somebody who " came 
over" in 1066, we should find by a simple process of geometrical progression, that 
we were descended directly and equally from another sixteen millions of people, who 
lived at or about that date. We knew,' added the Professor, ' who our parents 
were ; ' but he put it to any one in the hall, ' if he or she was able to give a correct 
account of the name, dates, or occupations of his or her sixteen grandparents.' 
Now here is a capital game for the long winter evenings that are coming .' Try how 
many of your immediate ascendants you can remember. I cannot myself give an 
account of more than seven ; and they comprise two Italians, one Pole, one Portuguese 
lady from Brazil, one West Indian Creole, and one English lady, together with a lady 
with a Sclavonic name, who, I am afraid, danced on the tight rope at the Carnival of 
Venice in the year 1756. Of course, there are traditions in every family, and, on the 
paternal side, our traditions go so far back as a Roman gens, whose names are 
inscribed on the Fasti Consulares, in the Capitol of Rome ; but legend is one thing, 
and fact another. The stumbling block in pedigree building is the occasional crop- 
ping up of a disreputable ancestor whom you have a special reason for not remember- 
ing. Sydney Smith used to say, ' that several members of his family disappeared 



2 1 8 Notes and Queries. [Oct. , 

about the time of the assizes ; ' and most people remember the story of Alexandre 
Dumas, the elder, who had a considerable dash of the lai brush in his veins, and who 
was pestered about his pedigree by some antiquarian Smellfungus. ' Your father, 
M. Dumas,' said the bore, ' was, I take it, a mulatto.' ' Yes, sir.' ' Thus youi 
grandfather must have been a negro.' ' Precisely so.' ' And your great-grand- 
father, cher M. Dumas.' ' A monkey, sir,' thundered the exasperated Alexandre ; 
' my pedigree ends where yours begins.' " 

A writer on the subject of anceslry and aristocracy in connection with 
the recent creation of peers in England, speaks of " the distinction which 
exists between the aristocracy and the nobility. The two are entirely different 
from one another. To use a Latin quotation there is all the distinction of 
" nascitur " and "fit" between the two. The aristocrat is born an aristocrat, 
has behind him a long line of blue-blooded ancestry, and is frequently untitled. 
The noble need not necessarily have birth or ancestry, and frequently owes 
his title to political services which he has rendered to his party, instead of being 
indebted for it to his forefathers. In order to make my meaning plain, I would 
point out the fact that the Bulteels of Devon, the Vyners and Lane-Koxes of 
Yorkshire, the Heneages and many other families who can trace back their 
ancestry in an unbroken line for hundreds of years, and whose forefathers have 
invariably belonged to the gentry or " gentilhommerie " legally entitled to bear 
coals-of-arms, belong to the aristocracy, although they are untitled. On the other 
hand. Lord Brassey, whose worthy father commenced life as a navvy or day laborer, 
and Lord St. Leonards, whose grandfather commenced life as a barber ; "Squirrel" 
Flower, who has just become Lord Baltersea, and Lord Playfair, although members 
of the House of Lords and peers of the realm, are not aristocrats, but merely nobles. 
Il is the same thing on the Continent, where one frequently finds dukes and princes 
who are not regarded as " hoffahig," that is, presentable at court or possessing social 
currency and prestige, whereas, on the other hand, there are many untitled gentle- 
men whose birth and lineage render them " tafelfahig " and fit to associate with 
imperial and royal personages on terms of intimacy which may almost be described 
as equality. "Tafelfahig" is a German court expression used to designate persons 
whose pedigree is of sufficient length and purity to render them worthy of sitting at 
the royal table on state occasions. Mere titles can be conferred by the more or less 
merited favor of any sovereign either great or small. But no emperor, however pow- 
erful, can confer lineage, ancestry and the consideration which is attached thereto." 

Hardenhergh. — Thk Genealogical Record for October, 1888. page 173, con- 
tains the statement that Lieut. Johannes Leonard Hardenbergh was the son of Col. 
Johannes Hardenbergh and Rachel Hooghteling. 

Col. Johannes Hardenbergh bp. July 28, 1706, d. Aug. 20, 1786, m. Dec. 6, 
1728, Maria Du Bois bp. March 24, 1706, dau. Lewis Du Bois and Rachel 
llasbrouck. 

His brother Leonardus bp. May 30, 1714, m. Nov. 17, 1738, Rachel Hooghtel- 
ing. I have no record of the issue of this marriage, but if Lieut. Johannes Leonard 
Hardenbergh was a son of Rachel Hooghteling, his father was Leonardus Harden- 
bergh son of Johannes Hardenbergh and Catherine Rutsen, one of the proprietors of 
the Great or Hardenbergh Patent, son of Gerrit Janse Hardenbergh and Jaepie 
Schepmoes, to whose vessel, the " Royal Albany," Gov. Leisler granted a letter of 
marque, May 19, 1690. 

THF.O. W. WELLES. 

The Publication Committee are indebted to Gilbert S. Coddington, Esq., of New 
York, the only surviving son of Jonathan I. Coddington, for the vignette portrait of 
his father, which appears in the present number of the Record. The seventeen 
illustrations which accompany the important article on " the Gardiner Family and 
Gardiner's Island," are. with two exceptions, engraved from original drawings and 
photographs by Mr. Gardiner, the author of the article. The exceptions are the illus- 
trations of " Some Relics," and " The Grave Yard, Gardiner's Island," for the use 
of which the Committee are indebted to the courtesy of the Century Company. For 
the portrait of John Watts, founder of the Leake and Watts' Orphan Asylum, the 
Record is under obligation to the New York History Company. 

For the contribution of the .FTshkill Inscriptions, which include not only 
epitaphs from the old Dutch churchyard of Fishkill but also from the English church- 



1892.] Book Notices. 2IQ 

yard and the Rombout or Presbyterian burial ground, the Record is indebted to the 
kindness and industry of Miss Harriet 15. Kip, a daughter of the late Francis M. 
Kip, D.l).,\vho was for many years the honored pastor of the old Dutch Church of 
Fishkill. Miss Kip was assisted in collecting and transcribing the epitaphs by Mrs 
Howell White, Miss Katharine Cotheal, Mrs. Charles D. Sherwood, Miss' Mary 
White, and Miss Adelia Van Wyclc, all of Fishkill, to each of whom the Record 
returns its grateful thanks. 

Zabriskie Notes.— No. 327 Col. Abram Zabriskie, b. Hackensack, N. J., 
Feb. 18, 1841 ; d. at Chesapeake hospital, May 24, 1864, from a wound received at 
the unequal battle of Drury's Bluff (near Richmond), Va., May 16, 1864 ; was Colonel 
of the 91I1 N. J. Rifles, a famous and gallant regiment.— See Memorial of Col. 
Abram Zabriskie by the bar of Hudson eo.. A'. J., 1864 ; History of gt/i N.J. V 
by Hermann Everts, 1S65 ; N. J. and the Rebellion, by John Y. Foster, 1S6S ;' The 
History of the <)th jV. J. Veteran Vols. By Cap/. J. Madison Drake, Bt.Biig. Gen., 
A. J.. 18S9. E , j. CLEVELAND. 

In the Record, January, 1SS2, Vol. XIII. No. 1, p. 11. under (1) Jacques 
Pryne strike out the words "more than probable," and insert the word "possible," 
in the ninth line of the page ; under (2) Frans Jansen Pruyn, in the fourteenth line of 
the page, 1665 should read 1661. Frans Jans'en Pruyn, Proyn, Pruen, Proun, etc., 
was in Albany that year, as on August 7th, 1661, he made a contract of purchase of a 
lot (see Notarial Papers, p. 114, in the Albany County Clerk's office). 

The opening address of the season will be delivered at the Berkeley Lyceum on 
Friday evening, October 14th, by the Hon. Thomas L. James, whose subject will be 
" The New York Post-office and some of its early Postmasters." The second address, 
on " New York in the War of the Rebellion," will be by Gen. T. F. Rcdenbough, 
U. S. A., at the November meeting. An address on the " Knickerbocker Authors," 
by the president, General Wilson, will be given at the December meeting. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Memorial History of the City of New York. From its First 
Settlement to the Year 1892. Edited by James Grant Wilson. In 4 vols., 
royal octavo. Volume II. New York History Company. 

The high standard of excellence which was exhibited in the first volume of this 
Memorial History is fully maintained, if not surpassed, in the noble volume now 
under notice. It contains fourteen chapters, carrying the history of the city from 
1698 to 1783, the period at which the War of the Revolution was closed. The third 
volume will bring down the history of New York to date, including the present year, 
and will appear during the month of December. The fourth and concluding volume 
to be published in May, 1893, will contain many exhaustive chapters on art, architec- 
ture, literature, music, institutions of learning, charities, societies, clubs, military organ- 
izations, the navy yard, magazines and journals, libraries, city parks, monuments and 
statues, all copiously illustrated. The complete work will include many vignette por- 
traits of mayors of New York, copied from original paintings, and fac-similes of every 
burgomaster and mayor of the city, covering a period of two hundred and sixty-seven 
years, and now appearing in print for the first time. Among the more important 
chapters in the second volume of six hundred and thirty-three pages, are those on "The 
Earl of Bellamont and the suppression of Piracy." by the Rev. Dr. A. G. Yermilye ; 
" The Administration of Lord Cornbury." by William L. Stone ; " Robert Hunteraml 
the Settlement of the Palatines," by Charles Burr Todd ; " The Administration of Wil- 
liam Burnet," by William Nelson ; two chapters entitled " Lord Lovelace and the Sec- 
ond Campaign," and " Sir Charles Danvers and Sir Charles Hardy," from the pen of 
Canadian, General Wilson ; "William Crosby and the Freedom of the Press," by 
Eugene'Lawrence, and "The Part of New York in the Stamp Act Troubles,"by John 
Austin Stevens. These, and other chapters, are illustrated with several hundred engrav- 
ings in the text, seventeen full-page pictures of important documents and leading historic 



Book Notices. 



[Oct., 







\ 



$xrhrtt4d<xM& 



events, fourteen maps and plans of military 
operations and of New York in the olden 
time, and six superior steel engravings of 
John Jay, George Clinton, /Rufus King, 
John Cruger, Henry White, and William 
Walton. As the Editor in the works of 
George Bancroft rendered a substantial ser- 
vice to his country !>y the preparation of 
the "Cyclopedia of American Biography," 
so he has performed a similar service to 
the city by his ability and industry in edit- 
ing this noble and magnificent history of 
the metropolis of the New World, which 
has been, by several of our contempora- 
ries, truthfully pronounced a monumental 
work. The accompanying vignette is one 
of some three-score, which are included in 
the second volume. The complete work 
will contain above two hundred similar 
portraits of persons prominently connected 
with New York history. 

The Record of My Ancestry, con- 
taining the Genealogy of the 
Family and its Branches from the year 
to . Compiled by 

Book designed by the Rev. Frederic 
W. Bailey. B.D., Worcester, Mass. 
Quarto, 1892. 

This book presents a novel idea for the 
classification of family genealogy, and is 
published by the author, who states that, 
while engaged in compiling his own family 
ancestry, he found great difficulty in arranging his complicated records so that each 
branch of the house might appear distinctly in view. Unable after diligent search 
to find any prepared plan possessing the merit of simplicity, he was forced from the 
necessities of the case to invent one himself, and the volume before us is the result of 
his experience. \ The book contains sixty-nine pages ; each right-hand page laid out 
in a special arrangement of squares, one side of the page being devoted to the record 
of the paternal ancestry, and the other to the maternal. A peculiarity of the method 
adopted is the cutting out of certain squares, thus presenting at a glance, and in the 
proper place, the record on several succeeding pages. Each left-hand page is reserved 
for notes, photographs and general information. Mr. Bailey in his preface makes an 
earnest plea for the preservation of family history, calling attention to the fact that, 
"in the midst of an abundant prosperity, the individual American is tempted to 
forget the early pioneers and patriots from whom he sprang ; " and that in the strife 
for business success valuable information is overlooked until too late, " our precious 
memories hopelessly effaced, and the interesting facts still within our reach have 
passed away into oblivion without a permanent record being made." 

Inscriptions on Tombstones and Monuments in the Burying Grounds of 
the First Presbyterian Church and St. John's Church at Elizabeth, New 
Jersey, 1664 — 1892. 8vo. Printed in New Haven, Conn. 

A most valuable reference-book for the genealogist and historian ishere presented 
by the compilers, Wm, Ogden Wheeler and Edmund D. Halsey. The settlement of 
Elizabethtown was the first within the bounds of New Jersey made by New England 
people, and in the grounds of the Firs* Presbyterian Church lie the forefathers of 
Elizabeth, and of many whose namesare known throughout the state. Here are buried 
Gov. Aaron Ogden, Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, Dr. John McDowell, Hon. Elias 
Boudinot, Robert Ogden, 1st, Fir. Nicholas Murray, Rev. James Caldwell, Shepard 
Kollock, Gen. Matthias Ogden, and others prominent in their country's history. 
Owing to the extreme age of many of the headstones their lettering is becoming 
illegible, and the object of this work is to preserve these inscriptions and in a con- 
venient form. St. John's Church is nearly as ancient as the First Presbyterian, and 



1S92.] Donations to the Library. o 2 t 

as many of the early inhabitants were buried in its churchyard a record of the 
inscriptions on its tombstones and monuments was rightfully deemed necessary to 
complete the work undertaken. The book contains seventeen illustrations, including 
both churches, a view of the First Presbyterian Church burying-ground, the Ogdent 
Caldwell and Murray family monuments, etc. The inscriptions are arranged numeri- 
cally, the numbers referring to an excellent map showing the location of each grave 
and the family vaults and monuments ; and a carefully prepared alphabetical index is 
furnished for both churchyards. 

The Bartletts. Ancestral, Genealogical, Biographical, Historical. 
Comprising an Account of the American Progenitors of the Banlett Family, with 
-Special Reference to the Descendants of John BARTLETT, of Weymouth and Cum- 
berland, by Thomas Edward Bartlett. Svo. Printed in New Haven, Conn., 1892. 

This volume is a memorial to the author's father, Eber Bartlett, whose portrait 
forms the frontispiece, and is intended by the compiler, who gave to it much loving 
labor and patient research, to preserve for the use of future biographers an accurate 
transcript of existing data gathered from various trustworthy sources. The name of 
Bartlett is one with an honorable record in American colonial town and State annals, 
and frequently is seen in connection with momentous events of New England's early 
days. Many who bore it were Quakers ; simple in attire and in the affairs of life, 
opposed to war and war taxes, and disapproving of office-holding and political con- 
troversy , nevertheless, the name often appears in the list of incumbents of positions 
of honor and trust in the administration of the government, showing the esteem in 
which they were held by their neighbors. Wood-cuts of the original, and the 
present, coat-of-arms of the Bartletts and a portrait of the author add to its interest. 

Index Armorial to an Emblazoned Manuscript of the Surname of 
French, Franc, Francois, Frene and others, Both British and Foreign, by 
A. D. Weld French. Boston : Svo, 1892. 

This neat volume of a hundred and fifty-five pages is privately printed and is 
limited to an edition of two hundred copies, the text being only printed on alternate 
pages. An interesting historical chapter prefaces the work, and the author states 
that the surname of French is so identified with France as to afford considerable 
historical information in regard to the origin and change in its name. Passing from 
the early history of the name associated with a people and a country, he takes up its 
application as an individual and family name ; and in conclusion asks additional infor- 
mation as to the townships and counties of those bearing the surname of French in 
England, as well as additional information about their coats-of-arms prior to the 
year 1650. 



DONATIONS TO THE LIBRARY. 

Mr. Josiah C. Pumpellv. Address on George H. Cook, by James Neilson before 
the Trustees, Faculty, Alumni, Students and Friends of Rutgers College, June 17, 
1890 — Biographical Notices. Svo. New York, 1892 — Liturgy. French Protestant 
Church. 1853 — The " Republic," December 4, 1889, to June 4, 1S90. New 
York — The New Jersey Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Consti- 
tution, By-Laws, Officers, Membership. 1890 — Society of the Sons of the Revo- 
lution. Constitution, By-Laws, Membership. Svo. New York, 1890 — Constitution 
of the Society of Sons of the Revolution, and By-Laws of the Pennsylvania -Society. 
1890 — National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Year book of 
the Societies composed of Descendants of Men of the Revolution. Svo. New York, 
1890 — Address. Discovery Day, by Charles Wadsworth, Jr. New York, 1889 — 
The Washington Centenary Celebration of New York. Address before the Society 
of the Cincinnati, on Washington's Birthday, by Rev. Francis Hutlon. New York, 
lS7t — Washington Centennial Souvenir. 1789-1S89. New York, 1SS9 — The 
Human Washington. William Whittlesey Badger, New York. iSSy— The Maternal 
Ancestry and Nearest Kin of Washington. Washington, D. C, 1S85 — Descrip- 
tion of the First in Peace : Washington. New York City — Address. Birthday of 
Washington, by Charles D. Drake, St. Louis, February 22, 1S62 — L'npublished 
Washington Portraits. New York, 188S— Proceedings of the Centennial Anni- 
versary of Washington taking command. Cambridge, Mass., 1S75 — A History of 



22 2 Donations to the Library. [Oct., 1892. 

the Equestrian Siatueof Israel Putnam. Brooklyn, Conn., T889 — Commemoration 
of Nathan Hale. 1887 — Oration delivered on Washington's Birthday, New York, 
by Hon. Fernando Wood. 1S62 — The Great Man. A Centennial Sermon, by 
T. Macnaughtan, Morristown, New Jersey, 18S9 — Oration delivered on Washing- 
ton's Birthday by Salma Hale, Keene, N. H. 1832 — Address on General 
Paterson and Family, of the American Revolution, by William Henry Lee 
— Centennial Address on Washington, by Samuel L. Southard. Trenton, New 
Jersey, 1S32 — A Christmas Reminder. Names of those who perished on British 
prison ships. Brooklyn, N. V., 1SS8 — Address on Washington's Birthday, by 
James K. Hosmer. St. Louis, Mo., 1S91 — Address at Dedication of the Confed- 
erate Monument at Fredericksburg, Va., by General Bradley T. Johnson. 1891 — 
Roster of Members of the Society of the Army and Navy of the Confederate Stales, 
1888— New Amsterdam, New Orange, New York, by Charles W. Darling. 18S9— 
Centennial Celebration of the State of New York — Fac-Simile of Washington's 
account with the United States — Descriptive Catalogue of Government Publica- 
tions, 1774-1881. 8vo. 1885. Washington, D. C Re-union of Joseph Parish, 

M.D. of Burlington, N. J. — Addresses before the Vermont Historical Society, 
by Daniel P. Thompson. 1850 — "Vermont." A Poem, by Julia C. R. Dorr. 
1877 — The Roman Catholic Church in New York City, by Dexter A. Hawkins. 
1880 — Centennial of the Capture of Major Andre, 1884 — The Lost Arts, by Wendell 
Phillipsf 1S84 — Address on George Washington, before the Washington Associa- 
tion of New Jersey, by David R. Frazer, D.D. — The Origin of the National 
Scientific and Educational Institutions of the United States, by Dr. G. Brown- 
Goode. 1890. 

Miss Fannie Aycrigg. Memorial of William Goldsmith, M.D., 1888— Gloucester 
Notes and Queries — Bedfordshire Notes and Queries. April and July, 1890 — 
Paterson and Passaic Directory for 1871-72-73-74-75-76-77-86-88 — Gentle- 
men's Magazine. 20 vols. — A Cejisus of Pensioners, Washington, D. C, 1841 — 
Collections of the New Jersey Historical Society, Vol. I., 1875 — Catalogue of 
the New York Post Graduate Medical School, 1S84-1S85 — Catalogue of the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York Medical Department, 1884 — Catalogue of 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1888 — Catalogue of the Medical School 
of Harvard University, 1876 — New Jersey Historical Society, May, 1882, January, 
1883, January, May. 1S84, January, May, 1885, January, 1886, September, 1886 — 
First Presbyterian Church, Passaic, N. J., 18S6 — Passaic and Clifton Directory, 
Passaic, 1S72 — Peter Henderson, by Alfred Henderson, 1890 — Mrs. Mary Lee 
Demarest, by Rev. P. F. Leavens, 1S88 — Address. Presentation of the Portrait 
of John N. Pomeroy, by Chauncey B. Ripley, 1888 — Bermuda, by John O'Gilvy, 
1883 — Island of Nantucket, 1878 — Army Register, 1862 — Navy Register, 1838- 
1S39 — The Genealogist, London, January, April, July, 1890 — The New Jersey 
Register, Trenton, 1837 — Biennial Register of All Officers and Agents in the 
service of the United States, Washington, 1839. 

Gen. James Grant Wilson. The Life and Services of ex-Governor Charles Jones 
Jenkins — A Memorial Address, by Charles Colcock Jones, Jr., LL.D., Atlanta, 
Ga., July 23, 1S83 — Hancock in the War of the Rebellion, by Gen. Francis A. 
Walker, February 4, 1891 — Oration on Gilbert Motier de Lafayette, by John 
Quincy Adams, December 31, 1834 — James Abram Garfield. A Eulogy by 
George F. Hoar, December 30, 1881. 

William Nelson. Memoir of Randolph Sailer, 1871 — Memoir of William D. 
Stuart. 1S65 — Address at the funeral of Mary Van Antwerp Shaw Benner, by 
Rev. W. H. Ten Eyck, 1867. 

William O. Wheeler and Edmund D. Halsey. Inscriptions on Tombstones, 
Elizabeth, N. J., 1664-1892. 8vo. 1892. By the donors. 

Edmund James Cleveland. The King Family of Suffield, Conn., Boston, Mass. 
1892. Pamphlet. By the donor. 

Smithsonian Institution. The Museums of the Future, by G. Brown Goode, 
Washington, 1891. 

Thomas E. Bartlett. Bartlett Genealogy. Svo. New Haven, Conn., 1892. By 
the donor. 

Thomas L. Johnson. Protection or Free Trade, by Henry George, 1892. 

Francis H. Atkins. Supplement to Joseph Atkins, 1892. By the donor. 

A. D. Weld French. Index Armoral. 4to. 1892. By the donor. 

P. H. Woodward. The Hartford Bank, 1892. By the donor. 



INDEX OF NAMES IN VOLUME XXIII. 



Aalsteyn, 197, 199 
Aalstyn, 19, 21,80, 133 

.. J 94 

Abatt, 46 

Abeel, 7. 19, 35, 37, 80 

Abel, 121 

Abell, 47 

Abrams. 22 

Abrahamse, 23, 78 

Abrahamsse, 25 

Abrahamsye, 199 

Acker, 75 

Ackerraan, 28, 30, 31 

141, 144, 145 
Adams, 4, 12, 14, 47, 89 

103, 146, 154 
Agms, 138 
Akkcrman, ig6 
Alberse, 20 



Allan, no 
. Allen, 48, 50, : 
Allget, 213 
Alliger, 66 
Ailing, 4 S 
Allison, 96 



A In 



.' 75 



Altgeld, 25 
Altgelt, 19, 194 
Ahvincle, 43 
Arae>man, 195 ** 
Ament, 133 
Anderson, 44, 140, 144 
Andre, 16, 81, 187 
Andrewes, 42, 146 
Andriesse, 20, 21, 23, 

78, 79, 80, 135, 198 
Andriessen, 19 
Ar.thon. 93 
Antonides, 133 
Antony, 18. 20, 24, 76 
Apleby, 42 
Apleton, 45 
Appel, 22, 25, 133, 137, 

Applegate, 48, 207 
Apsley, 167 
Arbuthnot, 187 
Anansen, 18 
Armstrong, 17, 85 
Arnold, 56. 84, 96 
Arthur, 47 
Asclioop, 18, 25 
Asheton, 6 
Ashfield, 135 
Ashley, 103, 108, 113, 

122,124 
Astor, is, 17, 92 
Atkins. 97 
Avery, 113, 181 
Awsten, 42, 44 
Aycrigg. 145 



Backus, 

Bacon, 1 



Bael, 20 

Bailey,9 7 , 154, 214,2x7 

Bajeaux, 194 
Baker, 45 
Baldwin, 2S, 47 
Ball, 47, 130 
Bancker, 24, 48 
Bancroft, 6, n, 49, 59 
Band, 137 
Bandt, 18, 23, 75 
Bangs, — 



n ker, 2 1 , 24 
nta, 32, 75, 



136, 141 






135. 138 



Barber, 86 
Barclay, 135 
Bard, 149 
Barel, 74 
Barheid, 132, 197 
Barker, 44, 120 
Barnes, 44, 46, 151 
Barnett, 46 
Barre, 6, 196 
Barrea. 33, 142 
Barree, 70 
Barret, 42, ™ 
Bartlet, 13: 
Bartlett, 22. 
Barton, 45 
Basford, 43 
Basset, 4 
Bateman, 121 
Bayard, 1, 14, 20, 21, 

23, 48, 74, 7C, 80, 

92, 132, 193, 195, 

197 
Bayearix. 24 
Bayley, 44 
Beadle, 44 
Beard, 154 
Beaupail, 60 
Beesley, 217 
Bebee, 180 
Beck, 78 
Beckman, 3 
Bedford, 12 
Bedlo, 18 
Bedlow, 34, 92 
Beedy, 42 
Beekman, 4, 18, 24, 25, 

131, 135^ »37. 188, 

ipo, 276 
Bci^ham. 44 
Bekker. 20, 131 
Bekkit, 78 
Bell, 90 
Bellamy, 153 
Bellomont, 178, 187 
Bement, 120 
Benekert, 48 
Ben fell. 43 
Benjamin, 49 
Benn. 44 
Bennet, 73, 151,194,196, 



Bensen, 21, 22, 23, 25, 
74, 8o. 133, i 34 , 135, 
13^, 13S, 197, 199, 

Bensing, 73 

Benson, 7, 45. 72, i^i, 

'3 2 i *35i r 37, 1961 

197, 209, 
Bcnthuysen, 195 
Bcntley, 148 
Benton, 47 
Bentzen, 17 
Berg, 76, 78, 196 
Bergen, 21, 190, 193 
Bergh, 75 
Berk, 20, 79 
Berkelo, 19, 25, 138,200 
Bernard, 102, 103 
Berner, 67 
Berrien, 84, 198 
Berro, 66 
Bcrtholf, 28 
.Best, 46 
Bevier, 70 
Berry, 26, 141, 152 
Beyense, 2,6 
Bicker, 134, 193 
Biddle, 183 
Bigelow, 132, 154 
Bikker, 74 
Bikkers, 199, 200 
Bikly. h 
Bil. .3. 
Bill. .31 
Birdsali, ?m 
Bisset. 20 
Blackden, 59 
Blair, 90 
Blanchant, 67 
Blancher, 122 
Blank, 19, 20, 21, 25, 74, 

77. 135, 138, 193 
Bl.inshan, 71 
Blauvclt. 143 
Blauwveld, 131 
Bleecker, 7 
Block, 35 
Blofield, 152 
Blom, 18, 19, 24, 78, 79, 

1:1, ii. 135, '94. 

195. '97, =M 
Blow, 42 
Blyck, 206 
Board, 143, 144 
Bodin, 136 
Bodine, 74, 199 
Bodley, 71 
Bodyn, 80 
Boekenhoven, 21, 24, 

7 6 . 77. '95 
Boel, 133 
Boele, 36 

Boelen, 24, 77, 80, 134 
Boequet. " c 



BoeLeler. 167 
Botjaardt 



■33' >3 6 . 



Bogard, 73, 74, 78, 196 

Bogardt, 22 
Bogardus, 71, 133. 214 
Bogart, 20, 73, 78, 79, 

194, 210 
Bogert, 11, 32, 79, 131, 

135,140,145,199,214 
Boke. 24, 135 
Bokee, 74 
Bolveld, 196 
Bon. 24 
Bond, 129, 149 
Bonde, 42 
Bonn, 132 
Bonner, 42. 44 
Bonnet, 198 
Boole, 46 
Booraem, 146 
Boorne, 45 
Booth, 47 
Borman, 45 
Borris, 18 
Borrowes, 45 
Borrows, 43 
Bos. 75, i34 
Bosch, 25, 78, 103, 196, 

197 
Bos worth, 120 
Rouchelle, 6 
Boudinot, 1, 8, 13, 

Bousiche, 5 
Bout, 207 
Bow. 120 
Bowdoin, 4 
Bowen. [48 
Bowlter. 153 
Bowne, 127 
Bowyer, 42, .13 
Boyce, 47 
Boyd, 217 
Boyes, 138 
Boynton, 154, 160 
Brackham, 44 
Brad. 77. 1 ?? 
Bradford, 7, 10, 13, 89 
Bradley, 152 
Bradt, 18, 79, 80 
Braesjer, 77' 
Braishier, 22 
Braisier, 25, 80, 138, 

193, 198 
Branch. 164 
Brand. 132 
Brandigee, 142 
Bras, 22, 75, 79, 138, 

104, 196, 19S 
Erasier, 75 
Brass, 135 
Brat, 74 
Bratt. i3 
Ereasley, 85 
Breestede, 131, 132 
Breevoort. 197 
Bressted, 193 
Brestede, 19. 22, 74, 

137. 138, i99 



224 



Index of Names in Volu, c XXIII. 



Brcstee, 198 
Bret, 19 

Brcu, 42, 212, 213 
Brevoort, 17, 30, 

139, 199, 213 
Brewer, 47 
Brewerto, ,«6 
Bridgham. 92 
Bridgwood, 45 
Briggs, it2 
Bright. 154 
Brinckerhoff, 214, 2 
Brinkerhof, 23, 24 
Bnnkerhcff, 215 
Bristed, 17 
Britaine, 45 
Bntayne, 43 
Brittaine. 47 
Brockhulst. 195 
Brodhead, 34, 64, 72 
BrodWc.ter. 152 
Brokholst. So 
Bromley, 152, 1S7 
Brooke, 159, 161 
Brooks, 151 
' Brouwer, 4, 19, 73, 
78, 79, 131, 13b, 1 
197. 198, 200 
Brower, 196 
Brown, 101 
Browne, 42, 44, 152 
Bruce, 17 
Bruhaus, T44 
Brumilham, 152 
Bruyn, 18, 66, 75, 



Bryan, 45 

Bryant, 49. 133 

Bryen, 7h i 94 

Bucke, 46 

Buckner, 43 

Bull. 130, i8r 

Bulsen, 77, J35 

Balsing, 200 

Bunn, 151 

Bunnet, 214 

Burbeck, 47 

Buren, 23 

Burger, iS, 23, ■?.'. 
78, 132, 136, 
19s, 196, 197, 
109, 200 

Burgoyne, 96 

Burhans, 117 

Burien, 206 

Burke, 6, 13, 148 

Burr, 84. 8c, " 

Burnet, 2:9 



93 



iS7 



Burrall, 43 
Burt, 47 
Burton, 46 
Bussing, 195, 197 
Butler, 43, 45, 92 
Buttervvorth, 154 
Buys, 75, 80 
Bynner, 154 
byrchet, 152 
Byron, 149 
Byvank, 23, 24, 34, 



Caar, 19, 79, 131, 
Cable, 153 
Cade, 45, 46 
Caide, 151 
Caldwell, 204, 22 
Calhoun, 88 
Caiman. 45 
Cambtrl. 24, 197 
Camble. 80 
Campbell, 141, 2 
Candall. 45 
Canes, 152 



Cankling. 137 
Cannon, bo, 199 
Canon, 2?, 23, 24, 73 

74* r 35i 136. 137 
Care, 79 
Carleton, 96 
Carlylc, 157 
Carolius, i8, 79 
Carpenter, 44, 98, 152 
Carr, 44 
Carrol, 4 
Carroll, 04 

Carstang", 79, iq4, 198 
Carsten, 23, 131, 138 
Carter, 42, 45 
Carton, 42 
Cartwright, 45 
Case. 46 
Caspar, 25. 76 
Casper, 138 
Cater, 152 
Cathcart, 1S7 
Cauftman, 15S 
Cavaliicr, ic, 7 
Cavelier, 23 
Cavcrley, i~5i 
Center, 152 
Chad, 152 
Cjiahaan, 78, 198 
Uiamplin, 154, 1S3 
Chapman, 164 
Chardevine, 79, 131, 

Chardevyn, co 
Chardovinc, ig 
Charlewood, 46 
Charvell, 43 
Chase, 86 
Chassis. 78 
Chattcrton, 153 
Chcsson, 45 
Chichester, 43 
Clndicy. 158 
Child, 152, 199 
Childc, 22 
Childs, 79 
Chittenden, 217 
Chiirch, 99, 125 
Churchcr. 
Churchman, 158 
ChyJd, 196 
Cilley, 96 
Clapp. 10, 21G 
Clark. S 9 , 122,217 
Clarke, 43, 44, 63, 180 
Clarkson. 76. 134 
Clawson, 1-6 
Clearwater, 155 
Cleveland, 4, 50, 153, 

154, 219 
Clinton, 6, 7, 14, 96, 

128, 187, 220 
Cloppcr, 155, 198 
CI' ippers, 78 
Clouwer, 76 
Clouwyn, 198 
Clover, 21 ' 
Coan, Q7, 120, 153, 154 
Coats, 197 

Cock. 4 s' 
Cocks. 48 
Coddington, 190, 192, 



Coderius, i 
Coely, -6 
Cokkerdal. 
Cokkeveer. 
Coker, 138 
Cole, 42 
Colctacke, 43 
Coles, 95 
Colct. 34 
Collet, '160 



Coir 



15- 



rn 



Colly, _„_ 
Combs, 207, 21T 
Comfort. 80, 200 
Conant, 158 
( ondal< . 48 
Cond€, 3 
Conriit, 33 
Congdon, 152 
Coning, :S, 135 
Conklin, 141 
Concver, 208 
Conway, 153, 154 
Coo. 77, 196 
Cook, 96, 154 
Cooke, 44, 45, 46, 152 
Cool, 74, 200 
Cooper, 49, 50, 87, 152, 

Coopman, 10 
Cope, 44 
Coppee. 154, 200 
Corbin,2i 3 
Corcelius, 24, 75, 135, 

136. 138. 196 
Cordall, 46 
Coides, 73 
Coren, 44 
Corey, 152 
Cornburg, 219 
Cornelisse, 132 
Cornelius, 44, 197 
Cornell, 92, 129, 14s, 

Cornwallis, 6, 13, 14 
Cortilu-, 138 
Cortlandt, 76 
Cortrccht, 22, 23 
Cosby, 92 
Coster, 75 
■Cosyn, 7^ 
Gotheal, 213, 219 
Coudurt, 202 
Councelje, 21 
Censaal, 79 
Coi.syn. 73, 1:7 
Coutant, 50 
Covert, 48 
Cowper, 44. 45 

Cox, is, 16, 44,92, 153 

Craen, x 37 

Crane, 145, 147 

( raik, 52 

Crnuford, 19 

Crawford, 17 

Cregicr, 18, 138, 193 

Creincr, 75 

Cressy, 217 

Crofts, 43 

Crollius, 25, 75, 76, 

Cromc, 42. 153 
Crommelyn. 199 
Cromwell, 8, 159 
Crook, 20, 21 
Cros, 78 
Crosby, 219 
Crowder, 42 
Crciger, 220 
Cruger, 134, 147, 149, 

*55 
Cruttenden, 120 
Cunningham, 138 
( un elius, 79 
Curric, 2,5 
Curtis. 93 
Cutting, 4 
Cuyler, =5,;"'34. '47, 

r I55 
Cyn, .5: 



Da Costa, 49 

Daely, 20, 136 

Daille, 35 

Dallas, 89 

Dally, 22, 25, 80, 134, 

193, 200 
DanieJl, 45 
Danvcrs, 219 
Darby, 44 
Darcy, 137 
Dards, 42 
Darline, 152 
Davenport, 84, 159 / 
Davi, 12, 74, 195, 197 
Davis, 65, 84,90 ' 
Davisson, 4.1 
Davys, 45, 46 
Dawes. 151 
Dawley, 152 
Day, 78, 86, 199 
Diyicy. 76 
Dayton. 137, 142 
Deacon, 45 
Deanc, 53, 54 
Debbel, .21 
De Boog, 736 
De Boogc. 134 
Decatur, 183" 
De Costa, 93, 153 
De Courey, 130" 
Dcenmark, 135 
D'Estaing, 54 
De Koci . 75 
De Foreest, 77, 80, 131, 
„ i.38, 195 
De Four, 74 
De Grauw, iq, 74, 79, 

134, 199. 200 



Dcgrone, 43 

De Haes. I47 

De hart, 135, 137, 193 

Do Honneur. ; 9S 

De Houges. 36 

De Jonge, 80 

De Kalb. 111 

De Kuyper, 5 

Delamater, 1. 7, n8 

DelaMcmagne, 19,73, 

74- '33- 193 
De laMontcgnic, 33 
De Lar.cey, 1, 4, 128, 

•54 
Deland, 138, 154, 197 
De Lanoy. 33, 73, 137, 

193 
Demare^t, 141, 14^ 
De Meyerts, s 
De Mill, 138 
De Milt, P2, 25, 36, 77 

79. 200 
De Molanaar, 5 
Uenham, 120 
Denslow, 122, 123 
Denton. 49 
De Nully. 148 
De Peyster, 24. 75, 76 

77, 96, 133, '34, 196 

198 
De Puy, 64, 65, 66 

69 
De Riemer, 22, 25, 74, 

75, 135, '55, «95 

199, 233 

Denng. 1S7 
Desborou h. 122 
Desennc, '33 

Ijevcrs, , 5= 

De Voe, z8, 23, 131 

De Voor. ig 

De Vooys, 108 

De Wind, 73 

De VVint, 135 



Index of Names in Volume XXIII. 



22 5 



Dc Witt, 150, 151 
Deyo. C6. 67. 70 
Dickinson, 157, =20 
Dipcs. 44 
Dike, 42 
Dilly, 197 
Dimocke, 46 
Dimon, 98 

Diodati, 149, 150, 1S2 
Ditmas, 210 
Dix, 16 
Dixon, 44, 46 
Doane. S9 
Dobbs, 22, 1^4, 215 
Dod, 6, 9, 42 
Dodge, 4, 15, 16, 17 
Domon. 44 
Dongan, 176 
Donance, 89 
Doughlcs, 194 
Douse, 199 ] 

Douvebag, 136 
Douw. ,5 
Domve, 137, i 3 3 ' 
Dowes, 4,\ 
Drake. 152 
Draper, 46 
Drapier, 46 
Driemer. 202. 203, 224 
Driljet. 79. 198 
Drinkwater, 25, 133, 
146, 197 



- 47 
e, 92 



Duane. ? „ 
Dubberley, 42 
Dubois, ?o, 64, 65, 68, 

6 9* 76, 79^ T 54> 216, 

218 
Du Bose, 126 
Dudley, 97 

Du Foreest, 196, 197, 

Du Four, 196 
Du Fume. , ,7 
Duiking;, 1 1 
Du Marisq, 27 
Du Mas. 216 
Dumond, 66 
Dumont, 33 
Dundas, 12 
Dunkin, 44 
Du Pie. 80 
Durham, 85 
Duryee. 26, 27, 64, 215, 

216 
Dust. 42 
Dux. 42 
Duyckink, 23, 24, 33, 

37.80 
Duyking, 1 ^2 
Dwight, 96, 97. 126 
Dyer, 1,3. 137, 194 
Dyk, 132 

Dykman, 25, 77. =00 
Dyks, 73 

Eaglen. 152 
Ean. 68, 70 
Earle. 152 
(Eastwood. 43 
'Eaton, 46, 47, 48, 49. 
_ , 93- 151 
Echt. 23, 138, 194 
Eckerson, 19 
Eckeson, 133 
Edge, 43 
Edmunston, 9 
Edwards, 45 
Eeeles. 47 
Eeke, 44 
Een. 6 S 
Eg-dt, =2 



Eght. 132, 19S 
Egleston, 92, 93, 99, 
„ I2 7. 153 
Egt. 76, So 
F^'tberts, 77 
Ekker, 200 
Ekkerson, 137 
Eldon, 6, 14 
Fldndgc, 133 
Eldrits, 194 
Eliot, 92, 97 
Ellaken, 20, 138 
Ellby, 42 
Ellen. iS, 25 
Ellener, 196 
Elletson. 44 
Ellin, 20, 22 
Elling, 45 
Elliott, 180, 187 
Ellis, 2j, 75, 78,134,197, 

198 
Ellswoith, 83, 86, 88, 

Ellwood. 46 
Ellyott. 42 
Ellys, 43, 46 
Elraendorf, 30, 142, 146 
Elsword, 200 
Elswort. 78, 79, 131 
Elsworth. 2T, So, 135, 
136, 137, 183, 197, 

Elting, 69 



Eno, 122 
Erensteyn. 25 
Erenstyn, 194 
Erigson, 137 
Ernstyn, 19 
Erskinc. 6, 10, 187 
Esvield, 131 
Evans, 42, 91, 92 
Evered, 46 

EwitZ, 2CT 

Ewoudse, 197 
Ewoudze, 77 
Ewouts, 193 
Ewoutse, 133, 199 
Exon, 80 
Extell, 90 
Exveen, 36 

Faber, 47 

Fairfax. 4 

Faries, 217 

Farmer, 25 

Farnsworth, 98 

Farrell, 42 

Farrett. 167, 186 

Faneuil, 1 

Fausett, 1^3 

Feasy, , ■ 

Fcddencks, 1..8 

Fell, ism 

Fellows. 96, 120, 121 

Fenix. -3 

Fenwick, 160, 1G1, 166, 

167 
Ferbanke, 152 
Fernow, 49, 92, 154 
Ferris, 206 
Field, 42,217 
Fielding, 24, 196 
Fiele. 137 
File. 137 

Filkens. 7S. 194, 200 
Fillmore, 2 
Filly. 199 
Finch, 44 



! Finley, 208 

Firby, 40 
! Fish. q6, 208 

Fisher, 42. 50, 78, 96, 

IQ4- 202 
Fitz Randolph, iox 
Fits-William, 10 
Fiske, 45 
Flamen, 22 

Flanagan, 62. 64, 156 • 
Fleetwood, 133 
Flewcn, 43 
Floode, 152 
Flower, 152, 218 
Floyd. 189 
Floyd- fones, 158 
Flyd. i' 5 i 
Folsom, 156 
Fonda. 207 
Forman, 155 
Forrie, 132 
Fossey. 42 
Foster. i 5 3 
Fowler, 12, 14, 49 
Fox, 6 

Francis. 4, 7, S, 74 
Francisco, 137, 194 
Franckhn, 43 
Francys. 133, 134 
Franklin. 10, n, 54, 57, 

.27, 1*8, 129, 217 
brans, 34 
Freeman, 44, 76, 299 

Frelinghuysen, 33, 142 
French, 42, 195, 203, 

Frenell, 46 

Frind, 151 

Frissell, 42 

Frost, 16, ici 

Fuller, 120 

Fulton, 154 

Fyn, 22, 23, 77. 136, 

Gachcr:e. 138 
Galloway. 74, 200 
Gantt, 149 
Gardenier, 145, 147, 

isq, 190, 215 
Gardiner, 44 
Garc'01, 198 
Garfield, 153 

Garretsc, 194 
Garrison. 42 
Garn.w. 10 
Garvin. 145 
Gashere. 18 
Gashery, 77 
Gaskin, 152 
Gaside, 200 
Gates, 45, 96, 121 
Gautier, 24, 194 
Gebherd, 219 
Genet, 128 
Gecrge, 16 
Gerard, 49 
Gerbrandts, 22 
Germain, 96 
Gcrrits. 73, 77 
'lerrnse. 138, 139, 143 
Gevcraat, 200 
Gibbons, 161 
Gibos. 156 
Gibson. 42 
Gilbert, 134, 138, 194, 



Giln 



'M 



Gisby, 45 
Gleason, 115 
Glezen, 120 
Godcrus, 37 



Godfrey. 152 
Godsalf, 44 
God save, 43 
Godwin, 6, 73 
Gocderus, 20, 22 
Goelet. 22, 73, 78, 80, 

Goelett. 30, 32 
Goe»chius, 28, 31, 140 
Golfin, 23 
Gons. 137 
Gookins, 97 
Goodrich. 121 
Goodwin, 92 
Gordon, 149 
Gouvcrneur, 2s, 22, 23, 
74, 131. 137, 155. 

Gowan. 40 
Gowers, 45 , ,52 
Graaf, 24 
Grace, 92 

Grane, 43 
Grant. 97. 154. 157 
Grauw, 18, 131 
Gray. 12, 42, 44, 143 
Greeley, 87 
Grce-,22. 144,217 
Greene. 15, 17,50,151 
Greenland, 44 
Grenville, 12 
Grevenraat, 192 
Grevill, 45 
Grey, 152 
Griswold, 154, 182 
Groesbeck. 20, 24, 194 
Grymshawe, 152 
Guest, 205 
Gurnet, 47 
Guthrie, 217 

Han!, 77, 157 
Haan, 20. 25, 109 
Haasbrcek, 138 
Haasbrouek, 18 
Hackswell, 46 
Haddon, 42 
Haering. 73 
Haines, 209 
Hal. 73 
Haldron, 15 
Hale, ,,4 
. 1 . 1 1 1 f u ■ a cl , ,,3 
Hall. 131, i S 2 
Hallam. 44 



, 76 



76, 



Hallock, 16 
Halsev, 85, 
Hamilton. 1 
Hammond, 154 
Hamond. 46 
Hancock, 50, m, 113 
Hancocke, 43 
Hank, 216 
Hansc, 17 
Hansse, 25 
Harbour. 48 
Harc.nd, 42 
Hardcnberg, 65, 71, 72, 

Hardenbergh, 218 
Hardenstein. 3 
Hardenbrock, 21, 76, 



Hare. 44 
Hargcst, 43 
Haring. 135, 141 
Harper, 46 191 
Harssen, 20c 
Harridge, 43 



226 

Harris, 151, 152, 154 
Harrison, 101 
Hamsson, .5. 
Harsm, 18, 80 
Harte, 43, 154 
Hartje, 132 
Hart man, 73 
Harvey, 42 
Hasbrock, 77 
Hasbrouck, 65, 68, j 

Hasbrook, 216, 210 
Hasell, 147-140 
Haslingen, 206 
Hasnct, 151 
Hasslcr, 07 
Hastings, 14, 96 
Hathaway, 154 
Haver, 13S 
Haviland, 211 
Havor, 19 
Hawley, 48 
Hawthorne, 153 
Havvton. 44 
Hayes, 97 

Haynes, 74, 144, 152 
Heade, 45 
Heard, 152 
Hearvard. 46 
Heermans, 71 
Hebon, 199 
Heier, 74, 195 
Helm, 32, 141 
Hendricks, 17, 27, ; 

8x7 
Hendrik, 138 
Hendrika, 197 
Hendriks, 132 
Hendrikse, 137 
Hennion, 80 
Henrikse, 134* 
Henry, 104 
Henworth, 152 
Herbert, 48 
Herder, 136 
Heerman, 23 
Hcriot, 126 
Herrick, 158 
Herris, 18, 



Index of Names in Volume XXIII. 



136, 194. 



Hertje, 194 
Hervard, 44 
Heselrigge, 160 
Hevclen, 74 
Hewitt, 121 
Heyer, 19, '23, 25, 75, 

132. 134. 136, 193, 

196, 198 
Heyler, 139, 144 
Hevliger, 148 
Heylock. 46 
Heyward, 148 
Hibbard, 120 
Higbee. 85 
Hig-mson. 153 
Higi.sson, 164 

Hilc.eburn, 49 
Hildrcth, 19 
Hill. 44, 80, 156 
Milliard, 43 
Hills, 151 ' 
H inch man, 47 
Hinsdale, 102, 120, 121 
Hinson, 136 
Hinton, 154 
Hitchcock, 97 
Hoagland, g8 
Hobart, 152 
Hodge", 6 
Hoest.cn, t 9 o 
Hoffman, i .2, T54, 155, 
Hofman, 60, 136 
Holden, 1 7 



Holland. 194 
Hoi let, 20 ' 
Hollvday. 47 
Holmes, 153, 155 
Hoist, 76 
Hommcrich, 21 
Horns, 78 
Hoodson, 42 
Hoogen, 78 
lb Highland. 34 
Hooyhtening, 21S 
Holland, 20, 2 



37. 



Hooglandt. 24, 35, 36 
Hooke. 46 
Hooper. 43 
Hoornbeck, 64 
Hopkins, 34, 46, 197, 

217 
Hoppeer. 27, 28, 76, 

124, 137. 194, 196 
Hopper, 27, 28, *9, 140, 

144. '45 
Hopw ood, 44 
Horn. 198, 200 
Home, 4',, 136 
Horstord, 154 
Horsley, 45 
Hosack, 7 
Houber, 136 
Houver, 136 
Howard, 4, 52, 154, 197 
Howarding, 134 
Howe 17, 96, i S3 , 154 

Houells, 153 

Howlden, 152 
Howley, 43 



'5 = 



Hudson. 49, 153, 154 

Huehsted, 217 

Hulin, 152 

Hume, ,57 

Hun, 80 

Hunt, 43, 151, 15S 

Hunter, 47, 76, 127, 

199, 218 
Huntington, 158 
Hurlbut, 164 
Hurry, 62, 15G 
Hurrnall, 44 
Hutchens, 44 
Husy, 212 
Hyde, iod, 120, 121 
Hyer, 18, 132, 134, 143 

Ingle. 151 
Inglington, 46 
Ingrallam. 50 
Ingram, 45 
Inslee, 191 
Ireland, n 
Irving, 91, 157 
Ixworth, 47 

Jacks, 153 
Jackson, 154, 191 

Jacobse, 132 
James, 92, 153, 219 

Jameson, 194 



277 



Ja 

Ja 

tans, 4. 5 

Jansen, 79. 133, 198 

Jansse, 77, 78 

Janssen, 18, 131 

Jarves, 20, 74, 79, 138, 

r I5S 

Jay, 1, 4, 7, 9, 10, 11, 

14, 2 >, 77, 78, 153, 

194, 220 
Jefferson, 16, 58, 89 
Jefferyes, 44, 47 
Jeffrey, 157 



Jelly, 46 
Jenkens, 47 
Jenkins, 217 
Jennings, 42, 75, 152 
Jcra'cman, 131 
Jermoet, 2: 
Jerolemon, 139 
Jervis, .52 
Jewer, 44 
Jocelyn, 158 
Jcche'nse, 5 
Johnson, 42, 43. 44, 45, 

46, 74, 96. 157, 182, 

193. 209, 217 
Jones, 43, 51, 62, 63. 92, 

149, 158, 183, 186 
Jong, 20, 79 
Jordan, 152 
Jojne, 152 
Judd, 121 
Jumens, 68 

Kaar, 20 
Karo, 22 
Karoski, 26 
Kaye, 45 

Kays. 144 
Keddington, 45 
Kelsam, 153 
Kemble, 4, 12, 132 
Kemmcr, 25. 138 
Kemmers, 76 
Kempe', 196, 200 
Kendall. 43 
Kenyon, 10 

73. 77- 79. 19 8 



•ick, 






Keteltas, 75, 105 

Ketelhuyn, 7^,138 

Key. 135 

Kidd, 177, 178, 187 

Kieft, 49 

Kierstadt, 4, 6 

Kierstede. 22, 23, 131, 

>33. 135. 137. i9 6 . 

199, 200 
K inde, 42 
Kindeiie, 43 
King, 46. 48, 49, 50, 

Kinge, 42 

Kip, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 
27- 36, 75. 77. 78, 
131. 133. 134. 135. 
136, 193, 198, 199,219 

Kirkpatrick, 4, 8, 13 

Kirtland, 9 

Kisuyek, 205 

Kloppcr, 195 

Knap, 44 

Kncllcr, 15S 

Knight. 43 

Knox, 1 54 

Kock, So, 132 

Koenhoven, 208 

Kollock, 220 

Koning, 20, 74, 75, 78, 

79, 80. 132, 137, 138. 

193, 198, 199 
Konkapot, 101 
Kortrecht, 137 
Kosciusko, 113 
Kosciuzco, 59 
Kregin, 194 
Krigin, 77 
Krom. 67, 68, 71 
Kumpel, 78 
Kuyper, 76, 139, 143. 

198 
Kuypers, 155 

Ladkins, 42 

La Fayette, 51, 57 



Lafayette, 113, 191 
-— inge, 85 

73, 12S, 153 

!2, 74, 200 



ib, 194 
1. 42,44 



Lake 

Lam, .*, 

Lamare, 

Lamb, 19 

Lamberd 

Lameter, i M 

Lammerse, 75, 135 

Lammerts. 73 

Lammcrtse, 194 

Lane-Fox, 218 

Langdon, 17, 25, 53, 

134 
Langthorne, 157 
Lanoy, 19, 198 
Lansdale, 85 
Lansdowne, 12, 13 
Lansing, 30, 33 
Large, 44 
Lame, 47 
Larrymore, 43 
Lasher, 194 
Lashly, 73 
Lathrop, 154 
Latimer, 96 
Laton, 75, 133, 138 
La Tourette, 146 
Lauderdale, 12 
Launce, 42 
Laurens, 1, 18, 19, 36, 

I38, T94, 2CO 

Laurier, 76 
Lauwiier, 24 
La we, 46 
Lawrence. 11, 48, 49, 

85. 92,93- IS4.2J9 
Lawrens, 74, 136 

Leak, 25 

Leake, 43 

Lechalcljere, 134 

Lechevaliere, 193 

Lech ford, 50 

Lecraft, 193 

Lcdyard, 58 1/ 

Lee, 43, 44, 82, 156 JL+ 

Leecraft, 80 1 

Lefever, 69, 71 

Lefferts, 80 

Leislcr, 35, 218 

Lemair, 134, 143 

Lennox, 103 

Lent, *2 

Lenton, 43 

Leronn, 2s 

Le Shaveljere, 20 

Lets, 75 

Leuw, 196 

Lewin, 46 

Lewis, 49, 120, 121 

Ley, 44 

Leydecker, 32. 140 

Lieverscn, 79, 198 

Lin, 75 

Lincoln, 64 

Lincolr 

Linn, 7 

Linsey, 46 

Lippe, 8r 



44 



Lipscomb, 146 
Lispcnard, 23, 78, 199 
Litlc. 45 

Litlcboy, 152 

Livingston, 4, 7, 17, 21, 
50, 74, 85, 88, 96, 
13I1 ivl. 135. 158, 
187. 193. 199 

Lizier, ?S 

Locke. 46 

Lockhart, 157 

Lockwood, 154, 216 

Lodcrego, 20 



s 



Index of Names in Volume XXIII. 



227 



Lodge, 43 
Lokorum, 45 
Longrigge, 4 4 
Longworth, 151 
Lonsdell, 151 
Loockermans, 5 

Loosje, 79 

Loots, 136 
Loruer, 151 
Lot, 19, 76, 138, 145, 19 

Lott, 197, 211 
Lounsbery, 65 
Louw, 69, 71, 75, 197 
Love, 47 
Lovelace, 219 
Lovelece, 176 
Lovett, 42 
Lovcwed. 45 
Low, 43, 65 
Lowe, 42, 43, 45 
Lownds, 43 
Lowson, 47 
Lozier, 27, 32, T95 
Lucam, 213, 215 
Lucas. 152 
Luii 



194 



Luslier 
Luwes, 

Luwis, 131 
Lydius, 23 
Lyell, 207 
Lynch, 22, 131, 194 
Lynsen, 74, 136 
Lynsse, 20, : 33 , 197 
Lynssen, 76, 8o, 194 
Lyon, 89 
Lytton, 12 

Maas, 199 
MacDowell, 204 
MacEverds, 195 
Macfederiks, 70, 193 
Mackbay, 44 
Mackenzie, 157 
Mackcvers, 24 
MacLachlan, 18S 
Macphedriks, iS 
Madison, 89 
Maitland, 12 
Maley, 48 
Man. 25, 74, 134 
Mann, 140, 144 
Manny, 19, 134 
Many, 75 
Mandcbach, 136 
Mandeviel, 190 
Mandcville, 143, 146 
Manerbach, 24 
Manerspach, 194, 197 
Mansfeld, 200 
Mansfield, 6, 14, 10, 11, 

March, 151, 205 
Marckam, 44 
Margerisson, 44 
Maria, 80 
Mariner. 85 
Markham, 96 
Markland. 152 
Marquand, 92 
Marra, 80 
Marschalk, iS, 74, 131, 

133, 134, 136, 104 
Marshall. 46, 129, 133, 

136 
Martin. 86, 213 
Marton. ^4 
Marvin. c6 
Mason, 7, IS 2. 166, 174 
Mass, T95 
Masten, 69 
Masters, 45 



Mat, 76 
Mather, 157 
Math ewes, 42, 46, 152 
Mathews. 44, 154 
Matthis, 74 
Mattoon, 120, 121 
Mauling. ;o 
Maundeviel, 1^4 



194 



Ma 

Mauntz. 137 
Maverick. 99 
Maybank, 43 
Maybanks, 149 
Maye, 46 , 

Mayle, 47 
May lord, 207 
Maynard, 92 
Mayo, 92 
McCarty, 65 
McLlnrc, 154 
McDowell, 220 
McDuff, 52 
McEwen, S 5 
McKean, 64 
Mi-Lane. 154 
Mi Master. 86 
McPherson, S3, 84 
Meeby, 26, 137^ 
Meeker, 120 
Megapolensis, 34 
Mehelm,8s. 86 
Meinard, 21 
Meisnard, 79 
Melsbag, 2c. 76, 198 
Mcnnlngs, 46 
Meicareau, 207 
Mercer, 53 
Merrit, r 5 T,2i6, 217 
Mesier, 21, 7 j 



Mr 



197 



Metcalfe." 44 
Methould, 45 

Meyer, 18, 20, 74, 77, 79, 

So, 10S 
Midleton, 45 
Mifflin, 50 
Milford, 46 
Miller, 7, 18,25,97, 199, 



Mmnett, 46 



Mi; 



. dQ 



Minthorn, 21, 23,25,78 

136. 200 
Minthorne, 75, 80, 195 
Miranda, 89 
Miserol, 80 
Misnard, 135, 196,198 
Mitchell, 129, 154, 164 
Mocke, 46 
Moncke, 45 
Moncll, 143 
Monson, 120 
Montague, 80, 134 
Montanje, iS, 77, 131, 

135, 194, 19S 
Montgomery, 84, 158, 

Moore, 156. 191 C 

Wore 

Morehouse, 46 

Morfyn, 50 

Morgan, 48.96,145, 149, 

Mciris, re, 44, 59, 61, 
„ 85, 131, 135, 144. =05 
Mors, iqS 
Morse, 158 
Morton, 125 
Moulton, 153, 154 



Mo 



, 199 



Multord, 181 
Mulhnex, 46 
Mullow. 199 
Murdock, 96 
Murray, 10, 220 
Murrell, 45 
Murrey, 43 
Mi!:-- rave, 52 
Musson. 43 
Myer, 18,22, 132,194 
Myner, 19 

Nak, 24 
Nash, 121 
Ncale. 45, 138 
Neilson, 86. 204, 205 
Nelson, 6, 210, 257 
Nevens. 201 210 
Newball. 43 
Newes, 43 
Newton, 43, 52 
Nicholl, 30, 33 
Nicholls, 42, 43 
Nichols, 214 
Nicolls, 40, 176-186, 1S7 
Niei.wkerck, 22 
Nieuwkerk, 134 
Nile?. 96 
N'iteinggale, 43 
Noble. 44, no 
Norman, 43 
North, 16, 46, 96 
Northrup, 121 ' 
Norton. 45, 96, 128, 162 
N^irwodS, 74 
Nott, 152 
Noxon. 18 
Noxwood. 200 
Nutting, 43 
Nys, 77 

Oblinus. 74. 77, 196 
Ogden. 89, 154, 20S-220 
Oldham. 162 
Oliver. 44 
Ondcrdonck, 17 
Onderdonk, 128 
Onke. 25 
( tnkebag. 19 
Onkelbag. 132, 138 
Oothoet, -o 
Oothout, 24,75, 135, 196 
Opdyke, 34 
Orsetti, 150 
Osboorne, 45 
Osborn, T22, 123 
Osgood, 128, 130 
Osmotherlcy, 45 
Osterhout, 67 
Ot, 19, 21, ? 6 
Otis, 103 
Olt, 45, 136.195 
Outwater, 32 

Paalding, 20,73, 133, '37 

Paers. 77 

Page, 42. 154 

Paget, 184 

Paine, 94. 95. 97 

Palmer, 42, 192 

Pannell. 45 

Parcel, 22, 25, 198 —~ 

Pardy, 152 

Parish. 129 

Parker. 20, 45, 80, yo, 

96, I20, 121, -M 

Parkiss, r: 5 
Parsons, 46 
Partridge. 45, 171 
Paterson. 81, 

I0 3 , IIO. 112, llj, 



Patterson, 155 

Paulet 

Paul 

Paul 



in, 25, 136, 195 
" M°. 144 



Paul: 



-. 73. 76, 135 
!se, 75 
gon, : 94 



Pau.™ 
Pauwe] 

Paygon. . 

Payne, 43 

Peace eke, 46 

Pearce. 48 

Pearsall, 129 _ 

Peaslcy, 43 

Peavie, 74 

Peek, 21, .37, 138, 197, 



P. -■! 



Q5 



Peers, 2 



Peffer. 
Pei< 



Pel; 



- . 34, 194 
.136 

•ce, 151 
iS, 22. 24, 79, 131, 
13=1 138. i95 

, 45, i^o, 144, 146, 
156, 164 






. 74- 78, 198, 

Penhallow, 89 
Penn, 13, 158 
Pennoek, 128 
Pepkin, 153 
Pepper, 213 
Perce, 48 
Percy, 1S7 
Perman, 44 
Perot, 135 
Perrine, 72, 207 
Perry, 42, 151 
Pers, 22 

Persil, 73, 78, 136 -'* 
Peters, 159, 160 
Pcttibenc. 122, 123 
Ph.-nix. ..<. 75, 134 
IY.ihbma. 19 
Philips, 21, 195 
Philkens, 73 
'-fillips, 213 
Phoenix, ,94 
Pickney, m l 
Picott, i8~, i8^35i '95. 
Pier. 135 
Pierce, 4S 
Pierson, 96 
P;et, 35 
Pietcrs, 74, 77, 
Pieterse, 73, 1 
Picters: n, 19 J 
Pietcr^se, 131 
Pigeon, 42 
PJncheon, 16 
Pinchin, 152 
Pinckno 
Pmder, 40 ',, 147 
Pintard. 4, ( 
Piquet, v - 
Pitt. 6, ii, 12 
Pl.tyc 45 
Playfaer. zi 
Plevy, 46 138, 

PJoegh, 1Q5 '^3, 

Plowman. 4; 
I'.., hi , 1 S 
Podd, 45 
Poel, 24, 77, 79 
Polhemus, 21. 1(53, 210 
Pollard, 151 
Policy, 151 
Pommery. 19, 134 
Poo!, 7:. 135 
Poor, 96, 200 
Pope, in 

i 76, 70, 197 
Poppclsdorph, 198 
Porter, 46, 47, 53, 296 



221 



Index of Names in Volume XXIII. 



Portland, 12 
Post. -.9 

Potter, 50, 134, 2co 
Foulusse. 79 
Pouwlse, 18 
Powell, 44 
Pratt. 9-7. 153 
Presswell, 45 
Preston, 4-% 152, 154 
Preyer, 19S 
Price. 4s. 78, 152. i53 
Prichard, 187, 1S8 
Prince, 146 
Proctor, 12 
Proud 47 
Proudlove. 44 
Provoost, 1, 22,25, 37, 

73i 7 6 - 77< ] 3 2 » *37 
Provost, 34, 36. 73 
Pruyn, 151, 219 
Pryce, 4* 

Pumpclly, 51, 92, 153 
Purcas, 46 
Purdy, 44 
Purple, 36. 92 
Putnam, 181 
Pye, 4 6, 151 

Ouackenbos. 136 
Quakkenbosch, 19, 133, 

I45< 197 

Quarles, 1 

Buick, 1 :S 
uik, 25, 73, 78, 138,195, 
x 9 <5 
Qmncy, 4 

Rafferty. 97 
Ral. 23, 78 
Ramsay, 85 
Randall, 45 
Ranson, 43 
Rapalye, 133, 157 
Rash, i23 
Ravenier, 199 
Rawlins, 44 
Ray. 4S, 63, 195, 209 
Raymond, 50 

199 
Hertje, ■ 47 

Hervar. 1 !' '43i : 40, 154 
Heselrif 6 
Hevclci 2 
Hewitt/ 
Heyer. r 

™ Tr 

196. .1 2QI 

Heyler, i. 

Heyliger 1 „ 

Heylock.'- 78. 79, 138 

Heyvvard ' 

Hibbard, * 3 

Higbee. 85 

Hig^ir.sor 

Hig;sson-3 

Hikman • 1Q 5 

Hike* • '"75 

Hi Id rd - 98 

Hi"'-78 

I-4/ndeis. 22,23, 74, 75i 

• 132, i97 
Xeypel, iS 
Reys, 20 
Rhoades, 129 
Riccaby, .',$ 
Richards, 152, 195 
Richardson, 42, 43, 152 
Riche. ."o 
Richman. 47 
Rickett, 42 
Rickctts, 85 
Ridder, 24, 135 
Ridgway, :go 



Roach, 4^ 
Robbins, 125 

Roberts, .14, 46 
Robertson, 67, 157 
Robinson, 42, 43, 127, 

129, 130, 151, 152, 

181 
Rochester. 46 
Rockwell, no, 121 
Rodenbough, 154, 158, 

219 
Roelofs, 4 
Rogers, 217 
Rol. 21 
Rolfe. 154 
Rombout, 212 
Rome, 20, 43, 74, 75, 

T .'7. 138 

Romeyn, 26, 143 
Roinich, 136 
Romilly, 10 
Romme, 137 
Rooman, 194 
Roome, 18, : 
76, 80, 



,■ 73^ 75' 



*93i J 95 
Roorbach, 18 
Roorbash, 131 
Roos. 196, 197 
Roosa, tS 

Rooseboom. 24, 198 
Rooseboome, 23 
Roosevelt, 22, 75, 80, 

92, J 35 
Root, 120, 121 
Roper, 43 
Ros, 21 
Rose. 47 

Roseboom, 73, 138. 196 
Rosecrans, 66, 133 
Roseveld, 74, 77, 73, 

197, 2CO 

Roscvelt. 75, 132, 19S 

Rosseter, 120 

Rowland, 152 

Roworth, 42 

Rouse, 43 

Royal, 79 

Royce, 154 

Rumble, 164 

Rummi, 195 

Rummich, 199 

Rumney, 46 

Rurr.pfl, 16 

Rush. 82, 1S7 

Russell, 45 

Rutgers, 20, 21, 23, 24, 
36, 73- 74- 76, 80, 
131, 136, 137, 138, 
1 )3, 195, 196, 198, 
199, 206 

Rutherfurd, 85, 90 

Ruttcnbcr, 49 

Ryan. 186 

Ryerson, 140, 144 

Ryke, 19, 78, 134, 137, 
r 3 8, . .7 

Rykman, 23. So, 137 

Ryland, 44 

Rynders, 193 

Rypcl, 25 

Saboreski, 26 
Sabriskie, 76 
Sabrisko, 193 
Sabus, 152 
Sachell. 43 
Sahler, 65 

Saltonstall, 92, 160, 174 
Sambury, 74 
Samman, 197, 199 
Sammon, 43 
Samon, 45. 40 
Sanders, 43, 80, 131 



Sands, 135, 149 
Santvoord, 206 
Sare, 46 
Sargent, 44, 151 
Sargesson, 151 
Sarly, 131 
Saunders, 42, 153 
Savage, 94, 154 
Saxon, 125 
Say. 159-161 
Say ling, 44 
Sayre, m, 145 
SL-a-mnell, 96 
Scarlett, 183 

Schaats, 195 
Schamp, 23 

Schcennari, 23 
Schcnck, 26, 142, 207- 

Scheimerhoorn, 23, 133 
Scheurman, 201-212 
Schimba. 7S ' 
Schmidt, 67 

Schoonmaker, 65, 69,7c , 

Schot, 25 
Schuilcr. 19 
Schureman, 201 

Schurman, 195 
Schutzc. 74 
Schuurman, 201 
Schuyler, 4, 17 18, 21, 

23, 37i s °, 9 6 ' x 33- 

155 
Scott, 6, 9, ro, 11, S5, 757 

Sco ton, 46 

Scuddcr, 154 

Seabrick, 46 

Scale, 45 

Scarle. 07, 134, 152 

Sebring, 18, 24, 77, 137, 

195 
Sedgwick, 17, 114 
Seele, 152 
Seely, 166 
Seinor, 193 
Selc, isc, 161 
Selkirk, 54, 55 
Sell. 42 
Scnger, 20 
Sergeant. 82 
Sessions, 98 
Sevenhoven, 200 
Sewell, 4} 
Sivmour, 96 
Seyton. =» 
Shadwell, 122 
Shakspeare, 11 
Shaler, 154 
Sharp, 146 
Sharpe, 11 
Shaw, 45. 72 
Shay, 113 
Shea. 93, 94 
Shcdwyk, 25 
Shekly, 7, 
Shelley. 216 
Shepurd. 113 
Shepheard,i 5 2 
Sheridan, 6, 12, 14,83 
Sherwood, 154 
Shewell, 158 
Shields. 4 
Shippen, 84, 187 
Shippi-y, hi 
Shirman, 1 
Shreiffe. 43 
Shrun, 153 
S;bsey, 4s 
Sickels. 22, 80, 197 
Siddons, 12 
Sidmore, 47 
Sikkcls, 196 
Sikkds, 78 



5= 



Sill, 145 
bimcoc, 205 



Sinclair, 12, 35, 37 

Sipke. 138 

Sipkens, 132 

Sismondi, 1 

Sjocrt, 22 

Skaats, 141 

Skilman, 77, 197, 210 

Skureman, 201 

Slade, 9 

Slater, 47 

Sleggc, 42 

Slidel, 78 

Slincke, 47 

Sloan, 142 

Slocum, 92 

Sloo, i 5 

Slover, 73, ig6 

Sluyter, 67, 71, 209 

SmaMey, 43 

Smedes, 71 

Smit, 18, 19. 21. 80, 133 

Smith, 18,21, 26, 46, 50, 
73' 75' 79' 80, 89, 92, 
97, 121, 131. 14S, 
153, 154, 157, 187, 
190, i93i '9 6 ' T 99t 

Smyth, 151, 152 
Smythe, 45 
Snoegh, 196 
Snoek, 24, 1.-6, 194 
Snyder, 19, 68, 71, 72, 
76, 132, 137, 138, 195, _ 



197, 



ndyk, 



194) 



Spcaowsc, 42 
Spencer, 12, 46, 164 
Spicer, 152 
Spier, 20 
Spoor, 196. 198 
Stranger, 80 
Squire, 151 
Staats, 23, 79, 155 
Staf. 73 

Stafford, 56, 151 
Stahl, 194 
Stanley, 44 
Stansbury, 16 
Stanton, 21, 154, 164, 

165 
Stapler, 43 
Staples, 129 
Starin, 96 
Stark, 17, 96 
Starr, 142, 154 
Staitup, 45 
Stavnor, 151 
St. Clair, 96 
Steel, 42, 205 
Stevens, 4, 9, 75, 77, 85, 

90, 137, 137, 219 
Stevenson. 47 
Steyn, 79 
Stich, 43 
Stiles, 122 
Stirling, 86, 90, 167, 

176, 186 
St. Leonards, 218 
Stockton. 4. 7, 82, 83 
Stoddard. 16 
Stokes. 43. 44 
Stonard, 46 
Stone, 49, 96, 120, 121, 

1^4, 161, 162, 212, 

Stoney, 151 
Stouber, 136 



Index of Names in Volume XXIII. 



Stoughton, 120 
Stoutenberg, 134, 196 
Stoutenburg, ig, 20, 22, 

23,24, 25, I . 17, 7 

;6, 80, 193, 
Stouws, 151 

StOUWl. 1 [I 
Stouv.tenburg, 136 
Stowell, 6, 14 
Straat, 25 - 
Strange, 46 
Striker, 207 
Strong, 146, 192 
Stryker, 202, 204, 205 
Stuart. 158 
Stuivesant, 131 
Stuyvesant, 2, 3, 6, 7,- 

34, 45, 49. 9 2 , !55 
Styracls, 23, 134, 136 
Styn, 76, 197 
Swallow, 46 
Swanborow, 46 
Swanley, 44 
Swanssen, 77 
Sv.artwoud, 131 
Swayne, 97 
Svvctger, 216 
Swonser, 230 
Sybolts. 34 
Sylvester, 75, 1S7 
Syraes, 23 
Symmes, 85 
Symons, 45 

Talcott, qo. 122 

Tamsson, 199 

Tannahill, 207 

Tarleton, 6 

Tarp, 2d 

Tate. 11 

Taylor, 2, 47, 202, 2oS 

Teage, 43 

Tebou, 137 

Teljou. 25 

Ten Brisco, 28 

Ten Broek, 21, 25, 73, 

79, 193, 196 
Ten Eyck, 22, 35, 37, 

So. 133, 133, 207 
Ten Eyk, 20, 25, 137, 

195, 200 
Ter Bosch, 195 
Terhcun, 26, 27, 28, 31, 

32 140 
Terhuine, 77 
Terhune, 201 
Terliuyne, 135 

Terp. 74' 
Terss. 20D 
Tervill, 46 
Terwilligcr, 69, 70 

Tevo. _• 1 
Thamson, 74 
Thaxter, 154 
Thevn. - 4 
Theys, 79 

Thomas, 46, 97, 98, 154 
»Ihompson.93, 120, 149, 
153, 154- -86 
Thomson, 202, 203, 224, 

Thong, 74, 13;, i;5, 

194 
Thornbury, 152 
e. 45. 47, 43 



Tho 



ell. 



Thorp, 134 
Thurleby, 46 
Thurman, 193 
Tiboe. 19 
Tibout, 24, 2S, 77, 79, 



Tibo 



'9J 



131,197 



Tiebout, 17, 18, 75, 133, 

194 
I u-nh' ivcn, 76 
T etswrt, 200 
Tilly. 22, 74, 195, 197 
Tdsley. 152 
Timmer. to 
'I' ugly, 77, 193 
Title, 43 
Titus, 144 
Todd. 15, 16,49,93, 153, 

154, =19 
Toll, 35, 36 
Tollcmache, 2 
Tompson, 45, 46, 47 
Toplm, 45 
Torbett, 145 
Torte, 112 
Totten, 46 

Tcunsend, 45, 92, 158 
Townshend, 103 
Tracy, 121 
Tremper, 48 
Treve. 46 
Trezevant, 148 
Trimpci, 136 
Trotter. 44 
Troup, 86 
Trumbull, 158 
Tryon, 187 
Tucker, 21, 125 
Turbin. 43 
Turk. 24, 2q, 75, 76, 77, 

78, 80, 133, 134, 1361 

137, 1 . ■„ 196, 198, 

-,- '"' 
Turner, 42, 44 

Tweedy. 1 ..: 
Twigden, 43 
Twist, 47 

Tyler, 153, 154, 18: 
Tyng, 97 
Tyssen, 20 

Utt den Bogard, 199 
Uittlenbogarrd, 203 
Uit den Bogart, 20 
Uittenbogert. 76 
Underbill. 166 
Upsall, 94 
Urie, 46 
Uyt den Bogard, 133. 



Vail, 48 

Valentyn, 2;, 13:?. 
Valeet 1 j, -S, 194 
Van Aalstein, 1^,1 
Van Aalstyn. 22 
Van A ken, 67 
Van Albadi. 20, 135 
Van Alst, 78 
Van AUtyne. 73 
Van Arnem iS, 19, 75 
Van Arm em, 19b, 200 
Van Arsdale, 207 
Van Bael. 196 
Van Beuren, 139 
Van Bommcl, 70 
Van Bossen. - ,6 
Van Brakcle, 76, 77 
Van Brug, 19, 21, 24, 

74, 79 
Van Brugh, 37 
Van Buredc, 191, 192 
Van Buren. 71 
Van Champin, 19 
Vancorneput, 46 
Van Cortlandt, 4, 19, 

76, 77, 96 
Van Cowcnhoven, 34 
Van Dalsen, iS 
Vandam, 12, 135, 138, 

190 



Van de Ende. 196 
Van den Berg, 23, 78, 

138, 196, 199 
Van der Beek. 19, 78 
Vanderbih. , 
Van der Capellcn, 54 
Van der Heidcn, 74, 13S 
Van der Heul, 75 
Vanderboef, 23 
Van der Hoevcn, 79, 19S 
Vanderjudo, 73 
Van der Linde. 26 
Van der Spiegel, ico 
Vanderveer, 33 
Vandervliet, 17 
Vandcr Voort, 23 
Van Deurscn, ~o, 21, 

33i 74- 75 79- ^ 

196, 198, 200 
Van Dcurssen. 24, 25, 135 
Van Deurzen, ig 
Van Deuscn, 24, 7^, 

153, 134. i35. 136, 

141, 203 
Van Deyenter, 194 
Var.de Voort, 200 
Van dc Water, 20. 23, 

27- 36. 77. '..'5. I9 6 i 

r. 7- 1981 199 
Van Dolen, ig6 
Van Doren. 208, 210 
Van Duin. 20 
Van Dursen, 194 
Van Duscn, i y 6 
Van Dyck, 213 
Van Dyk. 18, 19, 198 
Van Dyke, 210 
Vane, 162 
Van Geldcr, *g, 20, 2T, 

22, 25, 74, 75.7^.79. 

132, 134, 195, 199, 

Van Harlingen, 210 

Van Hcmingin, 196 
Van Heynhigcn, 19 
Van Hock, 79, 132, 137 
Van Hoom. 28, 31, 36 
Van Hor. 85, 193 
Van Home, 20. 24, 7S, 

80, 39, I ; ■ . 
IPS 

Van Imburg, 79 

Van Jevcre, 25 

Van Kcuren, 19, 7S, 

134, 1 ,- 
Van kinswclder, 22 
Van Kuiren, 13S 
Van Laan, 36 
Van Laar. 73 
Van Meppi 
Van Nes. 20, 79 
Van Xclhe. 207 
Van Nord, 19; 
Van Norden, 7.!. 76, 77, 

136, 137, 1 ■ , 1 . 

Van Ordcn, 21, 27, 73, 

Van 6ort, 13S 

Van Pelt, 24, 40. 74. 77- 

Van Ranst, 24 
Van Rantst, 137 
Van Raup, 17 

\ .hi I .: ■ 51 I:icr, 24 
Van Rensselaer, 4, :;, 

Van Ripei . 1 1 
\'an Km 1 
Van Saur, 143 
Van Schaick, 79 
Van Schavk, 137 
Van Si in llayne, 4 
Van Sehort, 135 



Van Scveren, 22 
Van Sickels, 194 
Van Sys. 22 

,25,138 
, 132 
Van laer'ing, iji 
Van Tarling, 24 
Van Tienhoven, 36 
VanTdburg, ,4, 133, 

\ an 1 me, 207 
Van Tuyn, 207 
Van Tuillcr. 49 
Van Vcclitcn, 135 
Van Veghten, 142 
Van Vcgten, 77 
Van Vighten, 142 
VanVIek, 132 
Van Vliei.68 
Van Voorbees,28 
Van Vocrhis. 202. 204 
Van Vorst, ig. 198, 200 
Van Wagsncn, 23, 28, 

(--4-72, 78. 92, i 3 3 

Van Wagoner, 141 
Van Winkel, 196 
Van Woert, 194 
Van Wyck, 219 
Van Wyk, 25, 76 
Van Zaan. 30, 139 
Van Zandt, 77, 13 ;, 155 
Van Zant, 20, 77, 196 
Varick, -S, 30, 145 
Varik, jo. ..•,■, 137, 195, 

19S, 195 
Varleth, g 
Vas. 212 ^ 
Veare, 44 
Vcrdon, 18 
Vere, rtfo 
Vcrmilje, 77, 219 
Vcrmilye, 49 
Vetnoy, rg 
Verplanck, 4, 212 
Ver Plank, 74, 132, 

Vet Me-.ly. 74 
Vetci!, 21, 
Viele, 22, 

196 
Vile 19, 199 
Vincent, 74 
Vines, 44 
V inson, 44 
V.s, 22 

Vlii reboom, 23 
Volkcisse, 20 
1 ■ I 

Voltaire, 1 
Vonk, 73 
Voor. 132 
Vooriiccs, 145, M7 
Voorhcs, 203 

V. iwi il 1 .■ 

, jo, 24, 75 

, 23-', 203, 

1 1 :;b, 24 
Vrccland, 10, 140 

Vyncr, 21S 

Wagcner. 28 

fit, 45 
Wait, . 1 

I, ;S t 92 

1 |, 20, 21, 73, 
1 13 8 . r 94. 

Wales, 12, 42 



2 3° 

Walker, 46, 50, 97, 121, 

Wall, 151, 209 
Wallace, 85 
Wallsaro, 44 
Walmslcy, 152 
Walter, 20, 76, 199 
Wallher. 25. 76, 136 
Walton. , : 1 :i 
Walworth, 96 
Wanshaar, 23, 77, 78 
Ward. 17, 43, 149, 154 
Wardail, 45 
Warehara. 99 
Warner, 46, 80, 152, 153, 

198 
Washburn, 4 
Washington, 1, 3, 4, 6, 

7, 8, 13, 14, 58, 61, 

85, 83, 9c, 114, 130, 

■57 
Waters, 50, 194 
Watford, 46 
Watkins, 47, 125 
Watson, 46, 217 
Watts, 7, 220 
Way, 120 
Waylett, 151 
Webb, 45, 160 
Webbers, 21, 23, 73, 74, 

75. 77. 130. ! 93. 195. 

109, 107 
Weblin, So 
Webly, 22 
Webster, 1, 2, 156 
Weedes, 42 
Weeks, 212 
Welch, 44 



Index of Names in Volume XXIII. 



Wellcr, 100 
Welles, 124, 199, 218 
Wems, 45 
Wendell, 92, 154 
Wenne, 75 
Wennie, 66 

Wessels, 18, 19, 36, 7s, 
77. 70. 132, 133. J44. 

TnS 



West. 



12, 42, 43,^153, 



Westervelt, 28, 32, 139, 

14'. '45 

Wc.bt.rall, 207 

Whale, 44 

Wheeler, 47, 220 

Wheten, 120 

Whettcn, 17 

White, 11,42,44,45, 79, 
84, 90, 91, 131, 133, 
138, 152, 153, 154, 
217,219, 220 

WliitleiJd, 43 

Whiting. 42, 120 

Whitlock, 121 

Whitmcre, 157 

Whittier, 93 

Wickbam. 181 

Wilberforce, 6, 10, 11, 

Wilcox. 154 
Wiley, 46 
Wilkenson, 42 
Wilkes, 24, 25 
Wilkesen, 22, 79 
Wilkesse, 77, 137 
Wilkin, 152 
Wilkins, 151, 154 



Willard, 120, 121, 182 
Willbore, 45 
W, Ileitis, 23 
Willemse, 74, 77, 13s 

160, 195 
Willes, 21,80 
Williams, 92, 122, 141, 

158 
Williamson, 204-208, 210 
Willing, 4 
Willmore. 43 
Willson, 44, 46 
Wilson, 1, 3, 5, 46, 48, 

49. 50, 87, 92, 97, 

151, 153, 154, 155. 

156. 157, 197, 217. 

219 
Winder, 47 
Windover, 79 
Winge, 42 
Win^ate, 154 
Witmlield, 45 
Winkelaer, 22 
Winner,, 77 
\V inson, 43 
Winter, 23 
Winthrop, 1, 4, 160, i6r 

"74 
Wirt, 4 
Wise, 152 
Wistar, 128, 129 
Witherspoon, 7, 83, S8, 

90 
Witman, 23 
Witts, 43 

Woedert. 75, 77, 138 
Woertendyk, 21, 132, 



Wocrtman, 7s, 2 
Wolcott, 6, 182 
Wolfe, 6 
Wood, 42, 43, 44, 



46, 65, 



72, 152 
Woodford, 97 
Woods, 44 
Woodstede, 18 
Woodward, 143 
Wootton, 43 
Wouters, 19 
Wouterse, 5 
Wrackett, 1=52 
TVright, 45, 47. 15'. 

152 
Wroth, 43 
Wyandanch, 16, 169 
Wyckoff, 72, 142 
Wyn^;iart, 76 
Wynkoop, 26, 139, 142, 

146, 155, 209 
Wys, 18 

Wyl, 197 

Yay, 19 
Yeomans, 68 
Yong, 47, 151 
Yongs. 158 
York. 67 
Yorke, 57 
Youngs, 15S 

Zaborisco, 26 
Zaborowski, 26 
Zabrisco, 137 
Zabriskie, 26, 33, 139 

147, 219 
Zabrisko, 197 



Vol. XXIII. 



No. i. 



THE NEW YORK 
Genealogical and Biographical 

Record. 



DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF AMERICAN 
GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY. 



ISSUED QUARTERLY. 

2^ 




January, 1892. 



PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY, 

Berkeley Lyceum, No. 23 West 44TH Street, 

NEW YORK CITY. 



The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 

Publication Committee : 
Rev. BEVERLEY R. BETTS, Chairman, Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 
Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON. Mr. THOMAS G. EVANS. 

Mr. EDWARD F. DE LANCEY. Mr. WILLIAM P. ROBINSON. 

JANUARY, 1892.— CONTENTS. 

PAGH 

1. Judge Bayard's London Diary of 1795-96. By Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. 1 

2. Astor American Ancestry. By Richard H. Greene. .... 15 

3. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York. 

Baptisms. (Continued). ......... 18 

4. Zabriskie Notes. By Richard Wynkoop. ...... 26 

5. The Duyckinck Family. By W. C. Duyckinck. .... 33 

6. The Domesday Book. By Edward Wakefield 38 

7. Weddings at St. Mary, White Chapel, London. From A.D. 1616 to 

A.D. 1625. (Continued). ......... 42 

8. Notes and Queries. Thome Family — Cock — Ailing, Perse and Covert — 

Herbert and Morgan — Bayard Country Seat — Jacob Kemper. ... 47 

9. Obituary. Richard King. 48 

10. Book Notices. The Memorial History of New York— The Church of Eng- 

land in Nova Scotia, by Arthur W. Eaton — Pedigree of King of Lynn, by 
Rufus King — The Mifflin Family, by John H. Merrill .... 49 

11. Donations to the Library. ........ 50 

NOTICE. 

While the Publication Committee aim to admit into the Record 
such Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical matter, only, as may 
be relied on for accuracy and authenticity, it is to be understood 
that neither the Society nor Committee are responsible for misstate- 
ments of facts (if any), or for the opinions or observations contained 
or expressed in articles under the names, or initials, of contributors. 

All communications intended for the Record should be 
addressed to " The Publication Committee of the Record," at the 
rooms of the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society, No. 23 
West 44th Street, near the Fifth Avenue, New York. 

The RECORD will be found on sale at the rooms of the Society, 
which are open every afternoon ; at Brentano Brothers, 5 Union 
Square, W. ; and at E. W. Nash's, 80 Nassau Street, New York. 
The Society has two complete sets on sale. Price for the twenty- 
two volumes, well bound in cloth, $66.00 ; sets complete, except for 
the years 1874 and 1875, $55.00. Subscription, payable in advance, 
Two Dollars per annum; Single Numbers, Sixty Cents each. 

Payments for subscriptions, and annual dues of Members of the 
Society, should be sent to Dr. GEORGE H. BUTLER, Treasurer, No. 
23 West 44th Street, New York. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES FOR 1801. 



President, 

First Vice-President, 

Second Vice-President, . 

Recording Secretary, 

Corresponding Secretary, 

Treasurer, . 

Librarian, 

Registrar of Pedigrk.es, 



Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON. 

Dr. ELLSWORTH ELIOT. 

Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 

Mr. THOMAS C. EVANS. 

Rev. ROSWELL RANDALL HOES. 

Dr. GEORGE H. BUTLER. 

Mr. GERRIT H. VAN WAGENEN. 

Mr. JOSIAH C. PUMPELLY. 



Executive Committee. 



Dr. Ellsworth Eliot. 

Mr. Gerrit H. Van Wagene.n. 



Mr. Edward Trenchard. 
Mr. William P. Ketcham. 



Trustees. 



Term Expires, 1892. Term Expires, 1893. Term Expires, 1894. 

Mr. Jacob Wendell. Mr. Charles B. Moore. Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. 

Mr. Henry T. Drowne. Mr. Edmund A. Hurry. Mr. William P. Robinson. 

Mr. Thomas C. Cornell. Mr. Samuel Burhans, Jr. Dr. Samuel S. Purple. 



Committee 
Mr. Charles B. Moore. 



Biographical Bibliography. 



Mr. Theophylact B. Bleecker, Jk. 
Mr. Henry T. Drowne. 



THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER 

Contains a variety of valuable and interesting matter concerning the History, Antiquities, 
Genealogy, and Biography of America. It was commenced in 1S47, and is the oldest 
historical periodical now published in this country. It is issued quarterly (each number 
containing at least 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel) by the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. Volume XLIV. began 
in January, 1S90. 

Price. $3.00 per annum in advance. Single numbers, 75 cts. each. 



Testimonial from the late Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., LL.D., of Boston. 

" No other work is so rich in materials which give an insight into the history of the 
people of New England, their manners, customs, and mode of living in bygone days." 

From the late Col. Joseph L, Chester, LL,D., D.C.L., of London, England. 

"Tome the work, of which I possess a complete set, is invaluable. I consult it 
constantly, not only for matters relating directly to Americans, but also in reference to 
English families of the seventeenth century, concerning whom these volumes contain a 
vast amount of information not to be found elsewhere. There are no books in my library 
that I would not sooner part with than my set of the Register." 



IMPORTANT TO OLD NEW YORK FAMILIES. 



The Marriage and Baptismal Records of the Reformed Dutch 
Church in New Amsterdam and New York, from 1639 to 1800. 

In Three Royal Octavo Volumes. Vol. I. Now Ready. Price, $15.00. 



THEY THJiOtr A FLOOD OF LIGHT UPON THE GENEALOGICAL AND SOCIAL 
HISTORY OF NEW AMSTERDAM AND NEW YORK. 



'THE NEW YORK GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY has issued 
Vol. I. of "The Marriage and Baptismal Records of the Reformed Dutch 
Church in New Amsterdam and New York," commencing with the earliest records of 
this ancient church, in 1639. The work is printed with clear type, by De Vinne, on heavy 
calendered and slightly tinted paper, royal octavo, substantially bound in full cloth, with 
beveled edges. The edition is limited to one hundred copies. Orders may be sent to Dr. 
George H. Butler, Treasurer of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 
Berkeley Lyceum, No. 23 West Forty-fourth Street, New York City. 



PUBLICATION FUND 



Historical Society of Pennsyloania 

For the Publication of Original, and the Reprint of Rare and 
Valuable Works on the State and National History. 



A payment of $25.00 obtains the right to receive during life a copy of each 
publication ; for libraries the payment secures the right for twenty years. 

THE PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRA- 
PHY, published quarterly, is delivered free to subscribers of the Publication 
Fund ; to non-subscribers the price is $3.00 per annum. Address 

FREDERICK D. STONE, Secretary, 

1300 Locust Street, Philadelphia. 



Vol. XXIII. 



No. 2. 



THE NEW YORK 
Genealogical and Biographical 

Record. 



DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF AMERICAN 
GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY. 



ISSUED QUARTERLY. 




April, 1892. 



PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY, 

Berkeley Lyceum, No. 23 West 44TH Street, 

NEW YORK CITY. 



The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 



Publication Co in mi t tee : 
Rev. BEVERLEY R. BETTS, Chairman, Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 
Mr. EDWARD F. DE LANCEY. Mr. CEPHAS BRAINERD. 

Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON, Ex-officio. 



APRIL, 1892.— CONTENTS. 

1. John Paul Jones. By Josiah C. Pumpelly. (With a portrait.) ... 51 

2. Christopher Flanagan. By Edmund Abdy Hurry 62 

3. The Van Wagenen Family. By Gerrit H. Van Wagenen. (Concluded.) . 64 
5. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York. 

Baptisms. (Continued). .......... 73 

5. William Paterson, Governor of New Jersey. An Address by his Grandson. 
(With portrait.) 81 

6. Notes and Queries. Proceedings of the Society — Townsend — Statue of 

Columbus — Paton — Todd — Society Items. ....... 92 

7. Obituaries. Shea — Paine — Coles. 93 

8. Book Notices. Battles of Saratoga — Hamilton College, N. Y. — Loyal Legion 

Addresses — Joseph Atkins — Hoagland Family — Arthur Rexford — Sessions. 
Dimond and Farnsworth Families — Descendants of William Thomas. . 96 

NOTICE. 

While the Publication Committee aim to admit into the RECORD 
such Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical matter, only, as may 
be relied on for accuracy and authenticity, it is to be understood 
that neither the Society nor Committee are responsible for misstate- 
ments of facts (if any), or for the opinions or observations contained 
or expressed in articles under the names, or initials, of contributors. 

All communications intended for the RECORD should be 
addressed to " The Publication Committee of the Record," at the 
rooms of the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society, No. 23 
West 44th Street, near the fifth Avenue, New York. 

The Record will be found on sale at the rooms of the Society, 
which are open every afternoon ; at Brentano Brothers, 5 Union 
Square, W. ; and at E. W. Nash's, 80 Nassau Street, New York. 
The Society has two complete sets on sale. Price for the twenty- 
two volumes, well bound in cloth, $66.00 ; sets complete, except for 
the years 1874 and 1875, $55.00. Subscription, payable in advance, 
Two Dollars per annum; Single Numbers, Sixty Cents each. 

Payments for subscriptions, and annual dues of Members of the 
Society, should be sent to Dr. George H. Butler, Treasurer, No. 
23 West 44th Street, New York. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES FOR 1892. 



President, 

First Vice-President, 

Second Vice-President, . 

Recording Secretary, 

Corresponding Secretary, 

Treasurer, . 

Librarian, 

Registrar of Phdigrees, 



Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON. 

Dr. ELLSWORTH ELIOT. 

Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 

Mr. THOMAS C. EVANS. 

Mr. EDMUND ABDY HURRY. 

Dr. GEORGE H. BUTLER. 

Mr. GERRIT H. VAN WAGENEN. 

Mr. JOSIAH C. PUMPELLY. 



Executive Committer 



Dr. Ellsworth Eliot. 

Mr. Gerrit H. Van Wagenen. 



Trustees. 



Term Expires, 1893. Term Expires, 1894. 

Mr. Charles B. Moore. Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. 

Mr. Edmund A. Hurry. Mr. William P. Robinson. 

Mr. Samuel Burhaus, Jr. Dr. Samuel S. Purple. 



Mr. William P. Ketcham. 
Mr. Richard H. Greene. 



Term Expires, 1895. 

Mr. Henry T. Drowne. 
Mr. Jacob Wendell. 
Mr. Thomas C. Cornell. 



Committee on Biographical Bibliography. 



Mr. Charles B. Moore. 



Mr. Theophyi.act B. Bleecker, Jr. 
Mr. Henry T. Drowne. 



THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER 

Contains a variety of valuable and interesting matter concerning the History, Antiquities, 
Genealogy, and Biography of America. It was commenced in 1847, and is the oldest 
historical periodical now published in this country. It is issued quarterly (each number 
containing at least 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel) by the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. Volume XLIV. began 
in January, 1890. 

Price, $3.00 per annum in advance. Single numbers, 75 cts. each. 



Testimonial from the late Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., LL.D,, of Boston. 

" No other work is so rich in materials which give an insight into the history of the 
people of New England, their manners, customs, and mode of living in bygone days." 

From the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., of London, England. 

"Tome the work, of which I possess a complete set, is invaluable. I consult it 
constantly, not only for matters relating directly to Americans, but also in reference to 
English families of the seventeenth century, concerning whom these volumes contain a 
vast amount of information not to be found elsewhere. There are no books in my library 
that I would not sooner part with than my set of the Register." 



DONATIONS TO THE LIBRARY. 

Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. Greenes of Warwick in Colonial History, by Henry E. Turner, 
M.D. 8vo. Newport, R. I., 1877 — A Memoir of Judge Ebenezer Thompson of Durham, New 
Hampshire, with some account of his parentage and offspring. 8vo. Concord, N. H., 1886 — 
Historical Sketch of the Redwood Library and Athenaeum, Newport, R. I., by David King, 
M.D. Svo. Providence, R. 1., 1876 — Twenty-sixth Annual Report of the Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, New York, 1892 — The Parish Year Book of St. James 
Church, New York, for 1891. New York, 1892. Original Drawing of the Bayard Country 
Seat, framed in the wood of the Stuyvesant pear-tree. 

Dr. Charles Sidney Crane. 3, Parish Year Book, Church Heavenly Rest, 1888-9-90— 
History of Block Island, by Rev. S. T. Livermore, A.M., Hartford, Conn. — Twenty-five 
Years' Rectorship of St. Peter's Church, Auburn, N. Y.,'1889 — Portrait of William H. 
Seward — Sermon in Memory of the Rev. George B. Draper, S.T.D., by Bishop Seymour, 
and 8 other pamphlets. 

A. R. Thomas, M.D. Genealogical Records and Sketches of the descendants of William 
Thomas, of Hardwick, Mass., by the donor. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1891. 

Dr. Cornelius N. Hoagland. History and Genealogy of the Hoagland Family in America, 
1638 to 1891, by the donor. 8vo. Privately printed. 

Claudius B. Farnsworth\ Matthias Farnsworth and his descendants in America, a Mono- 
graph, by the donor. Svo. Pawtucket, R. I., 1892. 

Gen. T. F. Rodenbough, U.S.A. Autumn Leaves from Family Trees, by the donor. Svo. 
New York, 1892. 

Department of the Interior. Report of Commissioner of Education, Vols. I. and II., 
1888 and 18S9. 

Andrew F. Hunter. Memoirs of George and Phoebe Warnica, by the donor. Ontario, 1892. 

Rufus King. Notes and Queries of Somerset and Dorset. 8vo. Sherbourne, England, 1891. 

Edward R. Dimond. Diamond or Dimon. Genealogy, by the donor. Albany, 1891. 

Navy Department, Washington, D. C. Register of the United States Navy for 1892. 

John M. Berry. Proportional Representation, by the donor. Svo. 1892. 

War Department, Washington, D. C. Official Army Register for 1892. 



IMPORTANT TO OLD NEW YORK FAMILIES. 



The Marriage and Baptismal Records of the Reformed Dutch 
Church in New Amsterdam and New York, from 1639 to 1800. 

In Three Royal Octavo Volumes. Vol. I. Now Ready. Price, $15.00. 



THEY THROW A FLOOD OF LIGHT UFON THE GENEALOGICAL AND SOCIAL 
[I I STOUT OF IfEW AMSTERDAM AND NEW YORK. 



'T'HE NEW YORK GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY has issued 
Vol. I. of "The Marriage and Baptismal Records of the Reformed Dutch 
Church in New Amsterdam and New York," commencing with the earliest records of 
this ancient church, in 1639. The work is printed with clear type, by De Vinne, on heavy 
calendered and slightly tinted paper, royal octavo, substantially bound in full cloth, with 
beveled edges. The edition is limited to one hundred copies. Orders may be sent to Dr. 
George H. Butler, Treasurer of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 
Berkeley Lyceum, No. 23 West Forty-fourth Street, New York City. The second volume of 
the Dutch Church Records is now in the nress. 



Vol. XXIII. 



No. 3. 



THE NEW YORK 



Genealogical and Biographical 



Record. 



DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF AMERICAN 
GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY. 



ISSUED QUARTERLY. 




July, 1892, 



PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY, 

Berkeley Lyceum, No. 23 West 44TH Street, 

NEW YORK CITY. 



The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 



Publication Committee : 
Rev. BEVERLEY R. BETTS, Chairman, Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 
Mr. EDWARD F. DE LANCEY. Mr. CEPHAS BRAINERD. 

Mr. THOMAS G. EVANS. Gf.n. JAS. GRANT WILSON, Ex-officio. 



JULY, 1892.— CONTENTS. 

pach 

1. Major Azariah Egleston. By Thomas Egleston, LL.D. With four illus- 

trations). ............. go, 

2. The Franklin Family 127 

3. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York. 

Baptisms. (Continued). 131 

4. Zabriskie Notes. By Richard Wynkoop. (Concluded) I3g 

5. Cruger and Hasell. By Bentley D. Hasell 147 

6. The Diodati Tomb at Lucca. By Frederick D. Thompson, LL.B. (With 

an illustration.) ............ 149 

7. An Original Letter from Johan De Witt. 150 

8. Weddings at St. Mary, Whitechapel, London. (Continued.) . . 151 

9. Notes and Queries. Proceedings— Society of Authors — Andrew Jackson — 

Hoffman House, Kingston — Holmes — Schuyler — Gouverneur — U. S. Coins 

— Flanagan — Pell. ........... 153 

10. Obituaries. Moore— Langhorne. 156 

11. Book Notices — Caufman and Rodenbough Families — Youngs of Oyster Bay 

— Yale Portraits — Livingstons of Callendar. ... ... 158 

NOTICE. 

While the Publication Committee aim to admit into the RECORD 
such Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical matter, only, as may 
be relied on for accuracy and authenticity, it is to be understood 
that neither the Society nor Committee are responsible for misstate- 
ments of facts (if any), or for the opinions or observations contained 
or expressed in articles under the names, or initials, of contributors. 

All communications intended for the RECORD should be 
addressed to " The Publication Committee of the Record," at the 
rooms of the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society, No. 23 
West 44th Street, near the Fifth Avenue, New York. 

The RECORD will be found on sale at the rooms of the Society, 
which are open every afternoon ; at Brentano Brothers, 5 Union 
Square, W. ; and at E. W. Nash's, 80 Nassau Street, New York. 
The Society has two complete sets on sale. Price for the twenty- 
two volumes, well bound in cloth, $66.00 ; sets complete, except for 
the years 1874 and 1875, $55-00. Subscription, payable in advance, 
Two Dollars per annum: Single Numbers, Sixty Cents each. 

Payments for subscriptions, and annual dues of Members of the 
Society, should be sent to Dr. George H. Butler, Treasurer, No. 
23 West 44th Street, New York. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES FOR 1802. 



President, 

First Vice-President, 

Second Vice-President, . 

Recording Secretary, 

Corresponding Secretary, 

Treasurer, . 

Librarian, 

Registrar of Pedigrees, 



Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON. 

Dr. ELLSWORTH ELIOT. 

Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 

Mr. THOMAS G. EVANS. 

Mr. EDMUND ABDY HURRY. 

Dr. GEORGE H. BUTLER. 

Mr. GERRIT H. VAN WAGENEN. 

Mr. JOSIAH C. PUMPELLY. 



Executive Committee 



Dr. Ellsworth Eliot. 

Mr. Gerrit H. Van Wagenen. 



Trustees. 



Term Expires, 1893. Term Expires, 1S94. 

Mr. Charles B. Moore. Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. 

Mr. Edmund Abdy Hurry. Mr. William P. Robinson. 

Mr. Samuel Burhans, Jr. Dr. Samuel S. Purple. 



Mr. William P. Ketcham. 
Mr. Richard H. Greene. 



Term Expires, 1895. 

Mr. Henry T. Drowne. 
Mr. Jacob Wendell. 
Mr. Thomas C. Cornell. 



Committee on Biographical Bibliography. 



Mr. Charles B. Moore. 



Mr. Theophyi.act B. Bleecker, Jr. 
Mr. Henry T. Drowne. 



THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER 

Contains a variety of valuable and interesting matter concerning the History, Antiquities, 
Genealogy, and Biography of America. It was commenced in 1S47, and is the oldest 
historical periodical now published in this country. It is issued quarterly (each number 
containing at least 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel) by the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, 18 Somerset Street, Boslon, Mass. Volume XLIV. began 
in January, 1890. 

Price, $3.00 per annum in advance. Single numbers, 75 cts. each. 



Testimonial from the late Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., LL.D., of Boston. 

" No other work is so rich in materials which give an insight into the history of the 
people of New England, their manners, customs, and mode of living in bygone days." 

From the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., of London, England. 

"Tome the work, of which I possess a complete set, is invaluable. I consult it 
constantly, not only for matters relating directly to Americans, but also in reference to 
English families of the seventeenth century, concerning whom these volumes contain a 
vast amount of information not to be found elsewhere. There are no books in my library 
that I would not sooner part with than my set of the REGISTES." 



A STATUE OF COLUMBUS. 

.IT is proposed by the New York Genealogical and Bio- 
T graphical Society to erect in the Central Park a noble 
statue of Columbus, by Sunol, to be unveiled in April, 1893, by 
the President of the United States, the same to be paid for by 150 
subscribers of $100 each. If the object commends itself to you, 
will you permit the Committee to add your name to their list ? 
Checks should be made payable to Thomas L. James, President 
of the Lincoln National Bank. 

CORNELIUS VANDERBILT, WILLIAM R. GRACE, 

WILLIAM WALDORF ASTOR, HENRY G. MARQUAND, 

JAMES GRANT WILSON, Chairman, 9 S Bible House. 

JAMES J. GOODWIN, Secretary, 45 West 34th Street. 

THOMAS L. JAMES, Treasurer, Lincoln National Bank. 

Among those who have already subscribed are the following 
ladies and gentlemen : 



D. Appleton & Co. 
John Jacob Astor 
William Waldorf Astor 
Madame de Barrios 
August Belmont 
George Bliss 
James M. Brown 
George W. Childs 
Frederick A. Constable 
William W. Corcoran 
John D. Ckimmins 
Chauncey M. Depew 
Squire P. Dewey 
D. Stuart Dodge 
Mis. William E. Dodge, Sr, 
William E. Dodge 
Joseph W. Drexel 
Stephen B. Elkins 
Benjamin H. Field 
John D. Flower 
Roswell P. Flower 
Elbridge T. Gerky 
James J. Goodwin 
Jay Gould 
William R. Grace 
Walter S. Gurnee 
George A. Hearn 
John H. Hall 
Morris K. Jesup 
D. Willis James 
Mrs. Henry Herrman 
Alfred M. Hoyt 
Orlando B. Potter 



John D. Jones 
George W. Kidd 
Charles Lanier 
Robert J. Livingston 
A. A. Low 

Henry G. Marquand 
J. Pierpont Morgan 
Alfonso de Navarro 
Antonio F. de Navarro 
Jose F. de Navarro 
Mrs. Jose F. de Navarro 
John V. I,. Pruyn 
George W. Quintard 
J. Meredith Read 
William Rhinelander 
Horace Russell 
Mrs. Russell Sage 
Russell Sage 
William C. Schermerhorn 
William D. Sloane 
Frederick D. Thompson 
H. McK. Twombly 
Cornelius Vanderbilt 
Frederick W. Vanderbilt 
George W. Vanderbilt 
Egbert I.. Viele 
William H. Webb 
Jacob Wendell 
William C. Whitney 
James Grant Wilson 
Archbishop Corri:an 
George G. Williams 
Samuel Sloan 



Vol. XXIII. 



No. 4. 



THE NEW YORK 
Genealogical and Biographical 

Record. 



DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF AMERICAN 
GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY. 




PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY, 

Berkeley Lyceum, No. 23 West 44™ Street, 

NEW YORK CITY. 



The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 



Publication Co»imittet : 
Rev. BEVERLEY R. BETTS, Chairman, Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 
Mr. EDWARD F. DE LANCEY. Mr. CEPHAS BRAINERD. 

GEN. JAS. GRANT WILSON. Ex-officio. Mr. THOMAS G. EVANS. 



OCTOBER, 1892.— CONTENTS. 



PACK 



i. The Gardiner Family and the Lordship and Manor of Gardiner's 
Island. By David Gardiner. (With steel portrait and seventeen illustra- 
tions). ............. 159 

2. Jonathan I. Coddingi on. (With portrait and crest). .... 190 

3. Records ok the Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York. 

Baptisms. (Continued from vol. xxiii, p 138). ...... 193 

4. The Schuermans of New Jersey. By Richard Wynkoop. . . . 201 

5. Fishkill Inscriptions Copied by several ladies. ..... 212 

6. Notes and QUERIES. The Merritt Family — Pedigree-building — Ancestry 

and Aristocracy — Colonel Hardenburgh — Illustrations — Fishkill Inscriptions 

— Zabriskie Notes — Pruyn Family — Addresses. ...... 216 

7. Book Notices. The Memorial History of the City of New York — The 

Record of My Ancestry — Inscriptions on Tombstones and Monuments in 
the Burying Grounds of Elizabeth, N. J. — The Bartletts, Ancestral, Genea- 
logical, Biographical, and Historical — Index Armorial to an Emblazoned 
Manuscript of the name of French. ........ 219 

8. Donations to the Library 221 



NOTICE. 

While the Publication Committee aim to admit into the RECORD 
such Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical matter, only, as may 
be relied on for accuracy and authenticity, it is to be understood 
that neither the Society nor Committee are responsible for misstate- 
ments of facts (if any), or for the opinions or observations contained 
or expressed in articles under the names, or initials, of contributors. 

All communications intended for the RECORD should be 
addressed to " The Publication Committee of the Record," at the 
rooms of the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society, No. 23 
West 44th Street, near the Fifth Avenue, New York. 

The Record will be found on sale at the rooms of the Society, 
which are open every afternoon from two to five o'clock. The 
Society has two complete sets on sale. Price for the twenty-two 
volumes, substantially bound in cloth, $66.00; sets complete, except 
for the years 1874 and 1875, $55.00. Subscription, payable in 
advance, Two Dollars per annum ; Single Numbers, Sixty Cents each. 

Payments for subscriptions, and annual dues of Members of the 
Society, should be sent to Dr. George H. Butler, Treasurer, No. 
23 West 44th Street, New York. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES FOR [892. 



President, . . . 

First Vice-President, 
Second Vice-President, . 
Recording Secretary, 
Corresponding Secretary, 
Treasurer, . 
Librarian, 
Registrar of Pedigrees, 



Gen. JAS. GRANT WILSON. 

Dr. ELLSWORTH ELIOT. 

Dr. SAMUEL S. PURPLE. 

Mr. THOMAS G. EVANS. 

Mr. EDMUND ABDV HURRY. 

Dr. GEORGE H. BUTLER. 

Mr. GERRIT II. VAN WAGENEN. 

Mr. JOSIA1I C. PUMPELLY. 



Executive C 'ommittee. 



Dr. Ellsworth Eliot. 

Mr. Gerrit H. Van Wagenex. 



Term Expires 1893. 
Mr. Charles B. Moore. 
M r. Edmund Abdy Hurry. 
Mr. Samuel Burhans, Ir. 



Trustees. 
u Ext 



Mr. William P. Ketch am. 
Mr. Richard H. Grei m . 



<ES, 1894. 

Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson. 
Mr. William P. Robinsoi 
Dr. Samuel S. Purple. 



>»95- 



Mr. Henry T. Drowne. 
Mr. Thomas C. Cornell. 
( '.. II. V \n Wagenen. 



Committer 

Mr. Charles E. Moore. 



on Biographical Bibliography, 

Mr. Theophyi.act B. Bi.eecker, Jr. 



Mr. Henry T. Drowne. 



THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER 

Contains a variety of valuable and interesting matter concerning the History, Antiquities, 
Genealogy, and Biography of America. It was commenced in 1S47, and is the oldest 
historical periodical now published in this country. It is issued quarterly (each number 
containing at least 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel) by the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, iS Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. Volume XI.IV. began 
in January, 1890. 

Price. $3.00 per annum in advance. Single numbers, 75 cts. each. 



Testimonial from the late Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., L.L.D., of Boston. 

" No other work is so rich in materials which give an insight into the history of the 
people of New England, their manners, customs, and mode of living in bygone days." 

From the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., of London, England. 

"Tome the work, of which I possess a complete set, is invaluable. I consult it 
constantly, not only for matters relating directly to Americans, but also in reference to 
English families of the seventeenth century, concerning whom these volumes contain a 
vast amount of information not to be found elsewhere. There are no books in my library 
that I would not sooner part with than my set of the ReGISTES." 



A STATUE OF COLUMBUS. 



I' is proposed by the New York Genealogical am> Bio- 
graphical Society to erect in the Central Park a noble 
statue of Columbus, by Sun61, to be unveiled in April, 1893, by 
the President of the United States, the same to be paid for by 150 
subscribers of $100 each. If the object commends itself to vou, 
will you permit the Committee to add your name to their lisl "'. 
Checks should be made payable to Thomas L. fames. President 
of the Lincoln National Bank. 



CORNELIUS VANDERBILT, WILLIAM R. GRACE, 

WILLIAM WALDORF ASTOR. HENRY G. MARQI AND; 

JAMES GRANT WILSON. Chairman, 98 Bible Hou-j. 

JAMES J. GOODWIN, Secretary, 45 West 34th Street. 

THOMAS L. JAMES, Treasurer, Lincoln National Bank, 



Among those who have already subscribed are the following 
ladies and gentlemen : 



I >. Appleton & Co. 
John burn: Asior 
Wu 1 1 am Waldorf Astor 

\| \n \MI 1)1'. 1! VRRIOS 

August Belmoni 
George Bliss 
James M. Broj^n 
George W. Childs 
Frederick A. Constable 
William W. Corcoran 
John D. Crimmins 
Chauncey M. Depew 
Squire P. Dewey 
I). Stuart Dodge 
Mrs. William E. Dodgi . S 
William E. Dodge 
Joseph W. Drexel 
Stephen B. Elkins 
Benjamin H. Field 
John D. Flower 
Rosweli. P. Flower 
Eleridge T. Gerry 
Iames J. Goodwin 
I w Gould 
William R. Grace 
Walter S. Gurnee 
('■eorge A. Hearn 
Ioiin H. Hall 
Morris K. Jesup 
1). Willis James 
Mrs. Henry Herrman 
Alfred M. Hoyt 

Orlando B. P R 

[ohn A. King 



John D. Jones 
George W. Kidd 
Charles I.anii r 
Robert 1. Livingsti in 
A. A. Low 

Henry G. Marquand 
J. Pierpont Morgan 
Alfonso de Navarrm 
Antonio F. de Nayarko 
Jose F. de Navarro 
Mrs. Jose F. he Navarro 
John V. L. Pruyn 
George W, Quintard 
J. Meredith Read 
Wu 1 iam Riiinelandi 1; 
Horace Russell 
Mrs. Russell Sage 
Russell Sage 
William C. Schermehhorn 
William D. Si.oane 
Frederick D. Thompson 
H. McK. Twombly 
Cornelius Vanderbilt 
Frederick W. Vanderbilt 
George W.. Vandeklii. l 
Egbert L. Viele 
William H. Webb 
Jacob Wen hell 
William C. Whitney 
James Grant Wilson 
Archbishop Corrigan 
George G. Williams 
Samuel Sloan 
Darius O. Mills 



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