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... 4 

■■'% V 

3otra JVhams 





v. 5 













H(BC olim itieminisse juvablt. — Virgil. 




at tl)c jfranfelin JBreiSst, 
.soiiTR-sfn-E'ST', rrexT noon to iWe MK-acTTAsi*' ctrrftfE-Bfflirf^* 




mnmi^ut^Wtt^t^f > 





Hieutenant in t\)t Jl3abp : 

The conqueror of the Boxek ; who, mortally wounded, entreated^ 
"that the Flag should wave while he lived" — 






§tti>^x t0 U}^ ^Iftg .'^>mmu. 

A I Canton "po : 

Address ta gentlemen oi (lie bar 4 ■ Carden, captain 230 

Adjutantsgtu ralsuidti-s411 421 C'atliolios ot' Ireland 244i 

Ag'uc'S, the cartel IS.Caitliastn;) _ 336 

Alien, liritisli consul 4 1 Cobbc (t ua the Sw edish treaty 

Allen, captain 117 135 149) 5- — (ni the state of the 

Alligator, tliV. U. S. schr. 400 press 

Anwikan prizes in alnwst eve- Cockbiirn 13— his dispatches 

rti number, a.\\A 429 [ llO— liis expidiliim 12s 


250 j Chaiincey, com. 62— sketch- 

56 f es of 147 





(hamplain 7 60 14P 151 237 
Cliallenge, Decatur's 367 416 432 
CUesai)eake ajid tihauiion 5 20 
30 57 14 '201 
49 Chesapeake, blockade of 15 3n 

,— in trance 


naval glory 



Anecdote, original 

Anglo-Swedish treaty 

Appointments 414; 79 219 

Argus, the U. S. brig 46 78 117 ; depredations of 

US 149 200 201 206 230 i the enemy 00 

.^ the (new) sloop of w ar 384 ' C'hcvacs Mary 406 ! 

Army addresses 128 Chittendtn, governor 

JVrts of the enemy ^^^ 211 5!'i!l . ,.^"1 

Despatch, the hriir 7(i 

"Vclivc'iancc uf Euvo/ic'" 8/. 

DeniuaiU, stale of loj 

Detroit 116 lo.' 

Distillers fi7 

Dil ect t:K 1 1 / 2m 300 312 330 36rf 
Doniesiic nianiiRicturcs 300 

Uiuiiiuiipiid licul. i^cu, 365 

Duties on imporlatton and 
tonnage ' 304 


262 3)1 Chili ' ' 272 

357. ciiijicothe, letter to the edi- 
tor 202 231 257 



Arnold Benedict 

Armed neutrality 

Austrian maiiittsto 181 Clark. col(V'el 134 150 1 

. Cobbett's remarks on 256 Clav, brigadiei-general '" j 

B Mr. Speaker 361 1 

Bainbridge com. 26 231 251 Commerce 311 

'■Barbarities of the enemy" 33 Congress— thecommittffs i 56 
51 68 90 107 128 140 271-Wrighi's motion as 

BanAvH^ fo/^?fn/ of Mar) laud 46;; to the election of mem- 

of New -York 245 ( hers 272— secret proceed- 

. of K.Island 245 ■ • _. . 

Baltimore volunteers 55 129 
^ vessels 205 336 424 

tax bill 
■ penitentiary 




Barcla) , Thomas 282; an ad^ 

dress to 
Beaver dams 
Berthier. getieral 
BcEistler, colonel 204 300 

Bonaparte, Maria Louisa 262 
Bounty on prisoners of war 281 
Boston memorial (1806) 164 

newspapers 199 

Black Rock 6 

Blue lights 280 302 3U 

British party in America 55 

■ iuan 

63 188 
70 120 

137 364 
76 254 

law case 

• blockade 

— seamen 





barbariiies — see bar- 

b-'rities of the ene- 
my, and 

— — license 115 

■— discipline 136 

' nav)-, state of 137 149 

172 185 200 201 

•-^ major to the people 

of Champlaiu 149 

promotions 150 

press 168 17) 

— ■ general orders 173 202 

252 [remarks on 
do.] 253 286 331 

prisoners 202 231 25) 

254 264 259 365 

despatches 203 

"officials" 205 2)6 252 

285 301 424 425 

— "magnanimitv" 263 28 1 

314 330 335 

goods 300 

— "moderation" 381 

courtesy 330 

' naturalization 331 336 

' proclamation 3S2 

revenue 43i 

Broke, captain (his chai- 

lenge) 57 366 

Bramble, the sehr. 303 310 357 
Budd, lieutenant 78 

Burrows, lieutenant 55 230 

Euffalo— see Niagara frontier 

Cannon. "liflp barreled," is 

Cartel, violation of 97 

<;a?jfl(/o, conquest of 114 201 230 

ings 237 29J— Pickens' 
resolutions 297 319 379 
—internal navigation 305 
Webster's resolutiutis 318 
— national bank 318 403 
— Turreau's leu< r 298 

345 362 404— liinet tax 
319— MH'iiary counuiitee 
336— Jackson's resolves 
344— Vermont iiiilitia.&c. 
344— i-ecruiti'.ig sernce 

346 361 36 i— King's re- 
solutions 346 378— Virgi- 
nia claiitis 346 362— ri- 
solves respecting I'erry, 
&c. 354 403— resolves res- 
pecting M'Call and I.nw- 
rente355— Nanlucket361 
—blue lights 361— state 
advances of m^niey 362— 
ransoming ^ess^ls 363— 
riHe regiments 379— un- 
settled accounts 379 — vo- 
lunteers 403 — en.bargo'd 
coasters 404 — loaji for 
1814 — Mr. Epjies' i sti-- 
mates, h-f. 40 I — Mary 
Cheves pelilion -406 — 
M'Kim's rcsoluliou 407 

Congress frigate 253 28t 30J 

98 t«;onntcticul— miliiia 77— le- 
Constitution and Java 
Constant, colonel 
Constitution U. S, 

ment proposed 
Co\lnglon, geiu-ral 




3)1 364 

Kditorial remarks 299 

Kllioll, (Lipl. J. D. £29 

Kiliott, the infamous 9^, 

KiiuKiation, 2o.i 

Eiiibaigo law '273— in ridi- 

cole of 3.10— circular 

reaped iti^- 353 — coast- 

ers -i08 — liUesiiuii 

Enteipvi/.t, the 76 

Knlerpriie and Boxer .45 58 78 
99 117 
Kiie flotilla, battle, &c. 13 60 7H 
99 172 175 219 351 367 

lake, some account of 65 

172 3f! 
Eppes,Mr. his estimates, &.c. 4C-i 
Essex frigate, 23 56 151 253 26S 
301 335 413 
Evans Oliver and his luai lu- 
nery. see./''i'.vr a'ul scrunil 
mUknda to the volume. 
Eiinpcan pnisjicits 113 

artUirs 176 41;. 

Exputriatiun, :i37 


fan- American cartel 36 i 

Falniouii) 413 

Funale heroism 279 

Ferreii, the U. S. schooner 

lost 414 

Fires 336 

riags of truce 215 

l''ltJ,^;;iiii; in the UrilisU ani,y 1361 
Florida 280 1 

Flour, prieiof 152 165 312 j 

Fori',!. I, iiiiiueuce 2^ 

Fort George 150 236 30(> 

F(Ugiryof British b'dls 280 

France, our nlations with 347 
Fri!;ates, Aiiierieau, metal of 29. 

iuiporied into Eng- 
land 1,36 

price of in the U. S. 280 

Crabey island 2)6 

Creek iudians 7 43 56 77 105 

117 129 1S6 202 

217 218 251 2fi5 

(second defeat) 267 

(tlie destiny ->/') 230 370 

(Whiti^^'s defeat of) 2;s2 

(Floyd's of) 284 331 

383 411 

(Oaiborup) 412 

(JacksoiO 427 

Crogliaii, c'donel 7 43 175 

Cuttee Paul 338 

Curiositits (scandalous) 64 263 
264 300 364 410 



troojis in 

fanadian proclamation 115- 
iegisljiture 136-a«"airs 

Dart. British i)rivateer 
Decatur's c!ial!e;;ge 367 416 
Declaration of the allies 
Delaware election 
D.-S'-itnij 6 13 28 98 173 

Dearborn general 6 

250 i Decatur ami Doinieiia 

365, Del::ware, Itgisialure 
cnu ntv poQi; 


;.iOi 214 217 Dc'Wets iaiiad 

14 205 






£07 317 

306 33", 


218 240 








Freiucli decree (prizes) 




" Fre.ich iiitiuence" 
Fulton's war slii;) 





214 250 i 

278 280 



Georgia l( giblamre 209 

Gibraltar, letiers from 
Giles Mr. to the peoph of Vir- j 
ginia 241 2H9 335^ 

obsirvalionsondo. 276 3-!0 

Globe privateer ii^ 

Gniliriiii Mr. 355 

Gp.eli.Iuhn 281; 

Greel; shijj Jerti.salem 42 

Gioanings, iroiii Cniiiida pa- ' 
ptrs 204 ' 

Gro\'. ler, schooner, loss of 60 

Gun boats loot 119, 

Gunnery 184 i 


Halifax, trade with 200— gale 

at 2'18— iiewsp^iper 381 ■ 
Hampton or his army, 7 173 232.' 
Hamploii, the town of 107 216] 
Hvmhurg 2071 

Hamilioirs report on manu- 
factures 153 189 221 1 
Harrison gen. 37- general or- i 
ders 10 132 149 41ol 
proel::nialioM 173 215 j 
Harrison's victory 19 174 175 1 
184 186 203— British 
accounts 286 — noli- i 
eesof 149 
' Hebrew s at Charleston 1 S4 
Hem y Jolin 21 I j 
Heroism 409 
Hiialiee towns, the I 265 2.'U 
fi'iKM-liiiId !i,lii|i s 20f 
'■Ifenic mar' l" 35n 
Hull gen. trial yf 218 33) 36i 
li;.,i'on, lake 05 40b 


lliuoiinanuiis— a' B::lt!iiioie ,'6 
— Philadi Iplii.i ami Is. Vork To 
—several pkiei-, 129; Cl;.ii-ies- 
tjjn 145, Phiiadelpliia )46— 
New Vo-'k 146— Kichniond M" 

Imm-essnieiit, 28 f^o 99 )29 Pw 
rbo [editorial] r37 254 255 281 

Indiiins, miiKM' notices resf»ecl- 
in^ them ,7 12 2l> 76 86 97 i49 
173 l?.-. 1S4 18J 266 410 

Indiinis. l/'n' uiirt/i lealcrn 1^7 

Imtiiin warfare 


TiUerual navigation 

Ill<(linlliolJ, the 

.laeksoii gen. 

Jell'niOii, on Weights 

.leru-.ul;;ni, llic sliip 

KeBlucky volinileers 150 173 263 

legislature 305 40'. 

— — linaiices 337 

Kent islar.d 15 

Kings, opinion of 1 

l.arned.col. 5' 

La Plata 8) 

Lww renee. captain 56 ?5-. 

i.aNMence and Li.dlow 42 56 7" 
La«i of tlieU. S. liirect tax ! • 
— nspecting i!i»iiilerits li; 

— seH.eeii i^o— eniliargo 
—to till l!ie r.mks 
Law ease,(iii!litar5) 47 of the 
Oiioii 71 iia\al 298— intel- 
ligence 368— law of trea- 
Lewistoii, see Niagara Iron. 

Loans of the U. S. 26 32 

I Letters— Gen. Bojd to the 
si-eretiry of Avar 
Col. Hiiss'l to gov. _ 
I'osej 9 10 

Corn. Dent to the sc^- 
cretary of the navy 14 
16 399 
Capt.Blakely tocapL. 

M.'ior Case to cuUj. 

Capi. Broke to capt. 

Jlr. l;e:isl(.j's corres- 

l»om'( nee 
Gen. '1 lur. iiu to Dr. 

Wr. GraliJiUi to tlie 
eiliior.s irt tl;e Fede- 
ral llepuliliean 
Capt. Hi;i; CO i!ie se- 

ereiyiy ol'the na\ y 45 6''.> 
Litui. M'Call to capt. 

C.ipi. Aiieii to the se- 
cretary oi the na\ y 
Capt. Gordon to the 
comuuadi rat Port- 
land ;iii.; reply 
Capt. M-Doiii'iigli to 
the secretarj ol ilie 
navy 5G ZZi 

Com. Pi.rr\ to the se- 
cretarj Oi the i;avv 

7'« 117 
Com. Cliaunc( j to . lie 
secretaiy of tlu' na- 
vy 62 101 134 151 
C:ipt. Oliver to com. 

Decatur 7 ' 

Queen of Sicily lu 

lold Bl Mlilick '.'. 

Com. Biidgers to the 
s.-cletai-y ol the na- 
vy 99 no 255 

.liuige Toiilmiii to llie 
editor of the Ba- 
li igl. H. visiva" 

Gen. IJarriion to ll;i 
secretary of vy.-.r 11 















the same to govern- 
or Ml igs 117 186 

Com. Cnniphel) to the 
se( relary oi the na- 
vy 119 

Gen. M'Arthiir lo the 
4Ci;r>.larj uf wai' r.iii 


J "4 



Letters- G?:i. M'Clnve to pro- 

VeTiKir Tddipliiiis 
— t(i grti. Hani«uii 
-iviilv HI lliesccrein- 

(it «ar 
Bri;^. iji-n. P:ir!<tT to 

the SI eictaiy olwrn- 150 
Sir (J. I'rcvost to Sir 

.1. 1,. Yco 20.1 

<'om. Lewis to tlit* s: - 

tivt;irv of the iia\ y 205 
SeiTf lary of tlie navy 

to com. r)i>nt 215 

S'vti. Piwo«t to K<^ii. 

M'ilkiiisoii215— the 

reply (216 

rii'ii, CofTfC th gcii. 

.'r.oksnii 218 

r,. II. WilUinsnii to 

10 the seci': tarv of 

WAY 233'235 335 

— Kif'pii. Hanipfoii 234 

— i-|)'ly 235 

i"<ini. I'eny to 

jiiu'risoii 263 

Cr'^n. Bcyd to f^erievnl 

C^u. Jackson to gov 

' — toR-e-n. Piiikney 
fa])!. Porter to the sr- 

eiet iiv "f th( lm^ y 
Col. BaVclay to tlie 

editors of the N. V. 

Oen. Cocke to tlip ^e- 

ir.tnrv of war 
Col. M iV,s to the same 2H3 
Oeii. Pinkiiey to gov. 

Kai-ly 283 

Kroni gentlemen at 

S:)\H.ii!">r 234 
Capt. Sinilh to tiiisi- 

ireuiyof theimvy 301 
Com. Dijcaui' to the 






JNfrtvfltime «ar20A— powers 263 
M-Ciiire, (yen. 300 33? 

Meti or, sin^ulsr 64 

Mtxifo 48 87 104 152 33ft 

Mei,a;s. n;nvrriior So 

>!• ssage uf the iroveriior of 

G; orffia 209 

. Viriyiiii:! 2fi0 

Marylsiiil 260 

— . South Cnrolina 2oi 

^- Peiinsvhaiiia 


^■^ KeiitiR'ky 

*• Xew-Yofk 

Mims, flirt 
^iilitnry scrap 
Michi;^aii tenitovv 


MitcIiiH, Mr. 

Moiitlily m^K.-ixiire extract 


Moori', ra]it. S. M, 
Mora^ia'l towns 
.^fll^ray. col. 
Mutiny in a cnrtel 
Mvsteiy nnrav. Ilcil 

Nntnra!i7.ation laws 46 


Nail, prfsentrcl to Mr. C!av 07 
Xavyof the U.S. iUt 6f 112 263 
380 38 I 
K:ivil,fnniils of I he 125 

N'avies, E'.rupvan 263 

Naval twins 366 

National bank, see cnn';ress 

and 424 

N: sroeiation, t!ie 351 

Ne^i-o M'-ali ig 46 110 330 

Nfotrals 6 35 7 

Neiilraliiv, the armed 40i 

New-t,ri <"lon IS. 46 79 302 

New-Yur'K— flotilla 42— militia 7; 

—university 79— election 220 

320— le;vi"latnre 369 391 

106 270 




239 366 

same 302] Newark 300 

Capt. Tarbel to the j New-.T.rsey— election 136 

same 303 |.-<islature 152 178 

Gov. Tompkins to | . law 180 

thesecretarv of war 302 j New-Ham:<slii>e 

Gen. Proctor to gcu. 

Gen. Harrison to ijcn. 
Vincent 312— the re- 

New -Orleans 
312' Nicholson, lieiit. 
I Xiniiia, tlio briiy 
! Noriliern army 

to gov. 

Gen. Flovd 

Karly ■ 316 

Lord Castlereagb to 

the secretary of 

state 319— reply 320 
f len. h'all to fjovenior 

Tompkins 335 

Mr. DasciikofT to ^:r. 

42 116 186 201 
208 217 251 .'81 

North Western army 42 

Norton, Indian chief 263 

North Cirolina 276 (D.Stone) 353 

Xiniinrn frcntkr 300 301 316 331 

351 (British oiTicials) 351 366 

391 410 424 


Ohio -63— le-isUitnre 293 

Monroe 348 ' Oliver, capt. R. D. 965 

Mr. Monroeto Mr..T. i Onfctrio flotillas 11 12 17 28 42 

Q.Adams 348 1 60 62 101 lis 

Mr. Adams to the se- j 134 201 284 

cretary of state 349 Orion, the ease of the 71 

Gen. Klnyd to genr- p 

ral Pinkney 3C0 411 7^«n;o;.9, Indian 

T.t. Claxtoii to his th- ' I'aii/iers 

titer 357i I'araijraphs. curious 

WiMi. Wilkinson to 
klie citizen? o!' Plaits- 
tinrs 381 

Manxiqne to the 
Cr.eks 41i 

Massnchusetts, legislature of 342 
^farinp artillery • i.C 

'latilda pri\:Uerr 44 

Mac K.h m. I'Jr. 70 

: 44 

"Peace the friends"' of 
Peace rmoors 


Peacock, tlie U. S. sloop 
i'laki . enplain of liie Peacocl 
Penriv Joshua, ease of 6 20 302 
Perry com. 55 60 99 148 00 214 
215 283 354 380 

(British account 

i of liis victor., ) 286 (at Balti- 
liinre " 358 

PlaftshiM'Cr 8 12 

Politicnl paraKVaphs 115 

P'lrter captaui 312 

Potoniac bridn'e 303 

"I'ork mat-k-t" 263 

President frigate 429 

President's messages 254 2S7 319 
347 355 406 

replv to the house 

of commons of N. Carolina 356 
Prevost, sir George 11 12 26 115 
330 382 
Press, the British 168 171 

Priioners American 6 44 51 56 
68 78 109 115 200 
250 352 364 410 
Price! current 41 206 

Prisoiit-rs of war (bounty) 31 
Priiicc r-gnt's speech 30S 

Prisons |>nbljc 381 

Privateers, rpifiilation for 423, 
Prince J nnes (marshal) 360} 

Proctor's papers 204 320 

Provincetown 187 

Pfigfr'n nf the encrmj 198 

Promotions 283 

Public lainls 3a 

Qn.aker's letter 




M'Cilll, l.ieut. 249 35';IP,rpetnal motion 

Matni.j'nirniei,thmnticZ(J 17 i 300 Petersburg volunteers 
317 38-/ 1 l'en»uei,la .: 

"^taryland, Univer:;ity 89— e- 
U-ciion st.nistics lU—i lec- 
tion 12T 136 152 272-le- 
Kislatnve .'60 375— linane-s 371 
Maiden 117 l.'O [ Pipe, indian 

M'^ . l."!? 201 25'4)piia(v, rii-al t'*i- 

503 36S 
00 331 412 j 
Perms\l.iic>ia (lection 136— 
— !• ijislatoiv .'57 280 300 .339 
864 374 423— election sfati--' 
tics 278 — ti nances '37 ' 

•Mo I 

Ransoming of vessels 
Ravrees 12 29 


Kcnxoii.t agninst t!tc 7var.' 
R, port— Oil Weights and mea- 
sures 20 
' — ■ on internal naviga- 
tion 306 

the public lands 321 

of the secretary of 

the treasury 3M 

on for-'ign coins 326 

Retaliation 114 185 201 203 215 

251 252 300 312 330 


R'gister. transmission of 120 

Reiiiiirks on a Bi-itish geiieral 

order 353 

Rhod.-Isiind 177 

Richmond vohniteers 5 .87 

lioc!g> rs, com. 12 28 78 80 99 119 

21; 335 

Rnijnl fiffnirs 219 

Rouse, sergeant 272 

Russian medii«ion 5 26 97 

185 300 319 329 

(the documents) 347 

emperor 364 381 

Sawyer, esq. 64 

Saleiri privateers 208 

Sandusky 7 .>^ 

Saucy Jack, privateer 1 

Sackett's Harbor 56 97 301 

Scott, sir Wm. his opinion 5 

Scoin-ge privateer 200 

Secret proceedings on the sra- 

bargo 287 295 

Seamen, law respecting 89 

Shelby gov. 42 219 229 272 

Sheep 207 

.SVri/;', kingdom of 95 

Singular present 97 

Smith general, his speech 381 

Smith, lieutenant 265 381 

Smuggling 205 214 280 365 380 
Smyth, j^eneral 298 308 

Soldie:s punished 42 

South -Vmerica 32 3i6 

South Cai-olina 115 261 3.17 

(linanc ■%) 299 378 
Speculations, comnierc'ial 280 300 1 
Specie detained 380 
Speech of the prince regent 70 308 
the governor of Con- 
necticut 121 

of Tecnmseh 174 

■ the go^■erllor of New- j 

Hampshire 177 1 

Rhode-Island 178 

New-Jersev 178 

^ v-i-mont iSft 

Spsoch of the indians to gc- 

n -ral M' '.rtliur 1^5 

of tlte governor of 

Georgia 278 

' of the governor of 

Massachusetts 242 

of lord Co'upton 3o-t 

^ of the eovernor of 

New-YOrk 360 

of th' governor of 

Delaware 070 

Stamp duties 4o 

Storms 32 

St. Louis 98 416 

Statlord, capt. 254 

St. Sebastians 432 

Strain boats 27S 

Stocks. Am-rican 330 

Stone David 355 

Sugar, planting in Georgia US 
Sword, Roilgers' reclaimed 12# 

Taxes, U. S. 228 

Tansaio 77 

fecinnseh 172 174 202 

Teiinessce—a law of 10.? 

volunteers 384 

Toasts.Harrison's ;63-Perry's 351 
I'o'npUini, governor, the pri- 
vateer 42* 
fo-day and to-morrow 20S 
Torpedoes 7 26 213 
Treason, the law of 187 
Treaty, lirilainand Sweden 41* 
Treasonable incidents 56 76 20O 
205 312 330 350 368 40<» 
Truce, flags of violated 70 
Troy Greens <JT 
Triumplis, A.Tierican i9 
True i31ii;'ded Yankee 90 36S 
Turreau's letter 37 
Presiiieiits message 36S 


United States navy 112 117 184 


Vaccination 104 

Vermont, 64— election 152 185 

legislature 130— militia 211 

211 2*9 251 .-64 



264 313 

Vessels captured 
Virginia— legislattn-e 

It^ar proupccts 
Il'ar, reasons against 
Wiispand Frolic 
War, maratime 
War taxes 
Walter, Abrahnin 
War, articles of 
Warren, Sir J. B. 
War ship, Fulton's 
Weekly Register, conditions 1 
enlargement proposed 240 
supplement 305 369 

Williauiiburg (U. C.) 234 251 
252 26ft 
Winder, general 36.'! 

Wolves 33* 

Worcester, jtrisoners at 35* 

IF/iys anil Il'lterefores 1 

Wilkinson, gent-ral 19— pro- 
clamatiou 232— general or- 
der 232— his army 236 365 
Yankee privateer 1ft 

Y'ankee trick 56 

Yeas and nays — on the embar- 
go 238 205 29S 

on enquiiing into the 

causos of the failure 

of our arms 31S 

on Turreau'i letter 34.« 

on the additional boun- 
ty bill 346 351 

(in the senate) on the bill 

to prohibit certain im. 
portations 37S 

Pickens' resolutions 39!> 

oil embargoed coasters 404 

on the treasury notes 431 

Ye(), Sir Jamns \... 40* 

Yorli U 


No. 1 OF VOL. v.] 

BALTIMOKK, SATURDAY, Skptember 4, 1813. 

[whole no, 105. 

H^tc olim 7)iemiiiisxe hnmhit. — ViiiuiL. 

Printed and published by H. Nilks, South-st. next door to the Merchants' Coffee House, uX. $ 5 per annum. 

An Earnest Ileqiiest. 

On presenting the first number of the fifth volume 
of the Wkekly Registeh, the editor gratefully bci,'-s 
leave to offer his thanks for tlie past patronag'e ot 
the woi-lc — and, for tlie of accomplibhing 
certani prospective arrangements of high importance 
to the future value thereof and his own liappiness, 
he respectfully requests that all his fnemln may 
accommodate him by closing' their several accounts, 
up to the end of the present year, no. 156, in advance 
This mark of their polite attention shall be duly ac- 
knowledged and thankfully requited by an incrca.s 
ed attention to please, as the means uve affurded. 

Conditions of ike JVeeldy Register. 

It is published every Saturday at $5 per unman, 
(payable in adv.ance) and makes two volumes a year, 
of between 4 and 500 pages eacli. It is packed with 
unparalleled care, and sent in safety to the most dis 
tant post-offices. iSIissing numbers are liberally sup- 
plied, witliout charge, to a reasonable demand. 

The work began Sept. 7, 1811 — tlie first number 
of the second vol. was publislied INIurch 7, 1812 — of 
the third, Sept. 5th— of the fourth, March 6, 1813— 
and first of the 5th vol. appears this day, Itercv. itl 
Subscribers may commence with eitlier of tlie vo- 
lumes, wliich may be safely sent by the mails, and 
their delivery p^iiaranteed by the editor, is except hi 
some parts of the MissKsippi Territory and J,oiiisi 
ana, by paying for the volumes rec^uired, with the 
current year's eidvance. 

Additional patronage is respectfully hivited. 

Whys and Wherefores. 

The editor has been sometimes reprehended (as 
lie believes in friendship) for certain parts ot liis 
conduct in managing the Recisteu. It may be well, 
on an occasion so apt to the subject, to give a i\i\v 
of the w/(7/s and ■ii'he)-efnres that have guided him — 
not with a belief that his reasons shall prove satis- 
factory to all ; but under a hope that they may be 
useful to many. 

First. 0/ iAe Weekly Register as a book of 

Some would have this work to be a ntere record of 
facts and papers ; wliile others desire it active, zea- 
lous and original. I'o satisfy tlie former, we liave 
never refused the insertion of a document or fact, 
within the scope of our plan, through its political 
bearing or tendency, or vice versa ; but almost eve- 
ry thing important to be preserved, has been record- 
ed ; whether it reg-arded the general government, or 
the individual states. And the papers so furnislied, 
could not be purchased in tlieir usual form, for three I ' ~~~ " 

times the amou!it of the subscription we claim ; na\-, * J^Tij opinion of kings may be gathered from the 
their very binding v/o\x\ii. cost more than our v>ork| following little anecdote. Some thne ago, one oT 

is essential, that the Register should partake of the 
durability of a magazine wit!i the spirit of a nexus- 
ptipei; to hold a future and excite a pre.';e7>t value. — 
The palh is narrow and difilcult ; and sometime.'! 
we may aberrate from it. Our errors, we trust, are 
on the side of our country in its stiatggles for sovti- 
reignly — and, v/e tliluk, if tlie matter be (-arefully 
examined, tliat no sentiment can be found in the 
work, against which a republican .imerican will su.s- 
tain an exception, farther than he may question the 
policy of tiie war. 

Si.x;oxD. As it regards monarchij and established 

It will appear strange to a vast majority of our 
readers, that the editor shouUl liave been condemn- 
eil as a "j'.icobln"for his opposition to royalty; or 
his endeavors to expose the rapacious hypocricy and 
consumm.-ite ^■lllainy of church establishments, have 
made lam susjjected of atheism or deis^n. These 
comical iKjtlons may have arisen, perhaps, from sup- 
posing I had reference to Engiaud alone ; but sucli 
conclusions are not warranted by the facts, and 
be drawn from causes operating on tlie minds of in- 
dividuals essentially dillercnt fiom the principles tue 
would establish. It is true, we have more frequent- 
ly alluded to the ilrspotisni and churchism [to coin a 
iittle word that suits o\ir purpose] of I^/tgland [.hHin 
of France ; as well because we are much better ac- 
quainted with her institutions, as on account of this 
— that no uian consiilers Bunaparle but as a tvrant, 
or looks up to las cliurcli as the " bidwark of the re- 
ligton WE prtfffss." Y«t, honestly, the spirit of the 
two governments, in their political and clerical af- 
fairs, is precisely the same ! and I detest the whole 
breed. All the charities of my heart are lost in the 
enormity of their ci-lmes ; and I would not turn on 
my heel to save either pack from instant annihilation, 
speaking of them in then- ojicial capacities, (icne- 
rated in rapine and sustained by fraud. I truly be- 
lieve them to be the chosen curses witJiivhich "Old 
Satan" would alBlct mankind. Good and evil are not 
nore opposite iw tlieir n.itures, than the genius of 
our institutions and tlie principle of motuirchy and 
[n'iestcrift. Thus 1 humbly presume, every Ameri- 
can is constitiLtionutbj bound to esteem them : but 
IT IS ifo T so. I have, therefore, felt it my duty to 
use the feeble means 1 possess, to excite a "holy ha- 
tred" of these things, to laugh to scorn the " legi- 
tinuicy" of princes, and jjro^oke a national and Ame- 
rican feeling, counteracting the power of prejudice, 
nd the deleterious effects and dangerous iulluence! 
that arises from the vile books unthinkingly put in 
to the hands of the youth, chiefly of Ei'.glia'h compi- 
lation, and made up oi foreign ideas.* 

ready bound. This was the primary object of the 
Registeii, and the editor feels self-assured tliat he 
iias not neglected it. The pressure of tliose mat- 
ters has generally prevented the free operation of 
tlie will to furnisii articles from manuscript ; though 
we have embraced many opportunities to speculate 
on passing events. Sec. Here are two interests, op- 
p )sile in ihelr nature?, tb.'.t. m'TSt be- consulted. Jt 

Voi„ V. 

my sons then al)out 7) ears old.curiously said "Papa, 
u:'iut cort of things are kingc ?" "Willing- to hear hiss 
ideas, instead of answering the question, 1 asked 
li:m, what he thought they v, ere i* He replied "lie 
did not exactly know ; but Ite thought ikey -caers savie 
hind of rugue-i." It is needless to say that 2 wa.s dc- 
lighted. Solomon, himself, could not have giieu -• 
judgment n^oi-e congtnial ^.> iny ■ootioni -..r j^p-hu 



Let nothing here construed into a rcproaclv withmitnientallyenquhing if the person is not at» 

those who touch or profess the teneln of estaii/ished Irishmumyr ;i Frenchman? If he were called tVhitet 

Black, Unnm or (Jreeii — Dich'ssoii, T'jms-son,Juck'a- 


chiirchfis ; so far as they relate lo sjjiritujl Uuiifi's, or 
themseivcs as individtirds, wliether Catholic, J.uther- 
anov Calvanic — I disavow every intent and meaning 
of the kind ; yet am not without a l^clief that some 
may c/.Y7?7'«///y impute il lo me, jn(ii,ing' of the fu- 
ture by the past. It is the si-nter.i as connected with 
the state, that I consider so fital to true religion and 
liappiness. "Tlic tree is known by its fruit" — look 
ftt the people of the U. Stales, and compare tlieir nio 

■vm, or J\'eir.^-s„n — a Carpenter, a Smith, a Shoemak- 
er, oi> a Jt'a^-gfjner—J\tites, jViles or Stiles, or any 
other good llnghsh name, we should not question 
his Citizenship, or so suppose liini ?>. foreigner. What 
'.voukl a delicate young lady, of this class, think of 
a matrimonial connection 'with Mr. Terrence O'- 
Flagherty .?_Wiiy, the very naine would frighten 

lier into tits ! md yet Mr. O'Flagherty mw as 

rality and orderly lives, with those of the same class- j well be an airi;;ble ;inn a good man as Mr. "Crt/ifc 

es of society ii> the best parts of Europe. Besides, 
in this opposition and reprehension I anf^ustained 
l)y the fathers of our country, wlio franied the con- 
stitution of the U. States, as well as by the consti- 
tutions of all the states; for all solemnly protest 
against every thing Ike entablishe'! religiuns. 

But — it may be asked — why so great hostility to 
these things ? \^f„ reign nUions are plfMsed to bave 
kings !»nd kingl;,- priests, what is it lo us ? how is il 
yonr bus.ncss ? I ;inswer — "let every m^n [or nation] 
m liis own affairs in his own way ;" this is my 
creed, political and religious — bullet him not inter- 
fere with the concerns of others ; if he does, the 
fatdtsof his .system must stand exposed as a beacon 
for the unwary. There is much of the spirit of roy- 
alty mrh^ people of the United States; it is a ^6- 
Teign feeling, and must be attacked by referring to 
its effects in foreign places. I know a di^rict of 
country wliere it was no uiicommon thing, some few 
years ago, to "Huzza for king George .'" and if i man 
V ill careiiilly examine the lUMspapt-rs, hf will find 
that authority frecpientiy arkno-vh-dged ,- being si)ok- 
en of as "hii- m:<jesly," without the jja/zo^ifl/ qualifica- 
tion that it becomes ns to ghe hiin, esteeming inm 
fi foreigner . This subject might be evceedingly en- 
l.irged^ and its points sustained by hosts of facts. 
But we fear to bi-come tedious, and dismiss it. 
TariiD. Of Foreign Lifinence. 

As, from tlie wonderful woikings of/<f/r/!/, it seems 
filmost 'rnpossiblc to touch this subject widiout be- 
ing re.^ardcd a.partyman — let usdispnssionately con- 
sider it, and see if wt cannot find out the root of the 
evil, by simple deductions to be drawn from the 
common operations of our own minds. 

shanks, Sheepdtanks or Shu£ieboltom"-\—"Slr. GiidpJi^ 
Mr. Goodbehcar, or aPiy other of those abovementi- 
oned. "\Viiat':> in a name ? 

"A rose by any other name wouU smell as sweet," 
and the ^^lac, ihe O' and the I)\ h^ve exactly the 
same meaning as the word "son" attached to the 
English numes of Dick, Tom, &c. But, here is tlie 
myst.ry — by tradition, books and conversation (^<iij 
English J we at once apprehend that Mr. G'Flag. 
herty must needs be a "wild Irishman," barbarous 
.md uncivilized ; fit to cut throats and dash out lit- 
tle ciiildren's brains;— if he has the 7>'— we put him 
down for a "French dancing master," or, at least, 
consider him "an onllandish sort ofafdhtv." Alex- 
do much better. Tliere is no childish prejudice to 
operate against them. However inf;.mous the pre- 
sent possessors of those names be, — if others had 
them, who would attach arsfm or murder to them 
on that account ? Herein we see tlie dark policy of 
tlie British government, that artfully and impercej>-v 
tibly forces its way into the \try joints and man'oiv of 
the youtli, exciting a hatred of Irishmen and Froich- 
men, as well as in monopolising to itself all the virtue 
and talents of the world. 

It IS thus, without reason, we are trammelled in a 
tiiousand other ways by "British infueitce" — it works 
itself all the circumstances of life. 1 will mention 
another y;«H;7ia)' case : Il is perfectly notoriousi that 
the fjuirages and oppressions of the " Chinch of 
England" drove the great body of our forefathers 
from their native land to tiiis then savage cointry. 
Every body ksows this. Yet in many p.arts of the 
United States, and remarkably so in such as are pre- 
I do know'there is a mightv and powerful "/>V/?Mleminently con.spicrious for being peopled by those 
influence" prevailing in the United States. T m\seU'jwho were truly "kicked" out of England for ron- 

am ottentii?ies undei' it, in spite of reason and ph 
losophy. I coiifiss the weakness. If every man de- 
Ecendcd from E7igli.ih ancestors, (as I myself am,) 
will examine himself, and be equally candid.. I think 
he will make a similar acknowledgment. The next 
generation may be free of (his incumbrance : all we 

science sake, Jiow does the blood recoil when a Ro- 
man. Catholic is mentioned ! What ev.l hath /icdoiie 
to us? Why attach terror to his religion, and call 
that the " bnhvark" which drove us from the land 
of our f irefathers, through its vile ])erseculions .'' 
Are not the Catholics men like ourselves ; and in 

cm do is to k.ep it within reasonable bounds; and | »^^"''j'/""'', and some other.states, among the very 
teach our clilldr.n ddfi-renth'. On several occasions i best of our citizens r It come« from the inces.sant 

tiie great causes of this influence liave b^^en notic- 
ed. See partic -I .rlv, pages 99, ly&of Vol. IV. "On 
Foreigners." But tjie present object is to shew the 
eflectsof otR British prejudices in a plain and sim- 
tilemanner, that every man mav see for himsel*" I 
f5i)eak of and to those," (llie (nilk' ofthe peojjle of the 
L'nite<l Slates^ whose .ancestors were English. 

There is no fact better known to us than that the 
population of our country is made up of the descend- 
suUs of ni'ui)- nations— ciilffly of English, Irish, and 
Jrench; and that manv Englislmen, Irishmen .and 

names of those people are as various as their places 
of nativity, and each have some nation;d characteris- 
tic. Let me ask the English descendant, if he eve 
Sees a .Uac,* an O' or // p.-eHxod to a snrnnnif 

English ci-y of " chnrch and state" and " no popery ; 
set in motion by rosy gilded jiriests and prostiuited 
statesmen, to keep the machine of monarchy a-going. 
It is bandied from father to son, and dished up in 
many r.ew shapes to steal into the mind — with the 
conmion ^iew of su.staining — the hench of bishops, 
and the king (poor silly, mad George J J as the head 
of the church .' 

As it reg:irds F?w?fe<ti!e million of prejudice is 
decidedly against her ; and hence the clamor of 
' French inftmnice." 1 call it a clamor, for it appears 

'reiuhmen foiight tlie battles of independence. Tiie I to me a impossibility th..t it can really exist, 
" ' " 'though many honest men,' led by the prejudices 

hiiited at, may honestly believe that it does. To 
wliat possible ralioiialcause can such an influence 
be attributed ? We have nothing French in our lan- 


hf •»/./(, p"opcrly belongs to tin- .Sroi — bui a 
vasi majority of tliDse wiio liave ihe pretixlure in 

tlie U. Stales, are Jrivft. 

These were actually the numes of a certain com- 



gUH^e, manners oi- habits — from the g-arret to the 
cellars ot our liouses, all iliintjs are of the En^lis/t 
fttshion. Very few French books are rc:i(i, and none 
of them are used in our schools Where is the ave- 
nue by wliich a "French iiitiuence" can reach us ? 
Tiirnugh blood collections — throiitjh trade, or the 

sociabilities of private lii'e ? Impossible. The 

Frenchman Vi uhvarjua. "foreigner;" he constantly 
feels himself to be so, and rarel}', very rarely, ni'ini,^les 
in society. If La Fayette, the illustrious, luid re- 
mained in the United States from the period of the 

tew m.iy not hasten the declire of Jl-lassacfuiseffS [^ 
the scale of the union. She can expect noihing 
more tiian lier pupiiLtion gives her; ami tlionsands 
,ire leaving' liCr every moiuli. lierein, perh:i[i.s, ifl 
the cause of liiat frenzy which continually furnislies 
new mailer to feed its own foil}-. It may not be con- 
sidered hrizardous to sai', that Ohio, "g-lorious Ohio," 
whose civd iniiHtutions and active patriotism are 
above all value, will have a j^reater representation in 
cong-ress after the census of 1820, than Mussachu- 
sells (proper) it her leadjng- ciiuracters pursue th? 

re\"olution to the present da}, would he not yet liave i wayward pt^licy that now directs them. Never did 
bc3ii known and regarded as a Frenchman ? Lftjuien (lhrouL;h ])ariy uml firei^n influence) commit 
every man examine and answer for hiniSelf. Tiie | so gross a political bhiiuler as die)-, in disCouuLc- 
aiU.mative is demonstrated by the actual condition iiiancing the establisiunenl of nianvfactortes. Many 
of those Frencltmen who fougiit for Am-^rican free- j thousar.ds of their rt)7<>.'s and mec/i(i;iii-.9, beholding the 
dom, and remained with us to enjoy the blessings, i-o«f/ to indtpcndence o\>t:\Ki\ in other places through 
tliey helped to win — they still are Frenchmen; we j the liberality of the capitals invested, have aban- 
kiiow them to be so, and are unceasingly jealous of doned tlieir homes ; and are to be found in eveiy 
them. Thus it was even in the limes of tiie revolu-.s.ate, and in almost every town and county of the 
tion, when tliey fouglit by our sidrs, and made union, south and \»est of the Hiid^jon. All the^e 
a common cause with us. No possible thing tiiey^ might h.ive been letaincd ; and a full population, by 
could do, was abU to eradicate the elfect of that i the more easy distribution of labor, would have en- 
En^Ush education which taught us to regard themjabled them to furnish us with goods on better terms 
as "natural enemies." The arch traitor, BENEDicTJthan we ourselves could have made them ; nay, 
Arnold, well knew the force of tliis prejudice ; and ^perliaps, have rendered vumecessary some humlred.s 
excused uis ow.v " Jiritish iiifluence" by charging of the establishments that spring up, as by magic, 
the old congress and the commander in cliief, tlie in the middle and western stales. There is yet time 
im-mortal Washixhtov, with being under the infiu- to do much ir. that way — ttie persevering industry 
enee of France — But we have enough on this. The and ingenuity of this people, is happdy fitted to e.^' 
people of .3Hie/'/c« unanimously agree that i^cy/.'(//)rt7-^.' 
is a tyrant — a rapacious being that " feels power 
and forgets right." O, tliat we could think all kings 
to be so ! for such, in truth, they really are 

Eartii does not hold a viler family of beings than that 
of the Guelphs ; nor is there a government more 
prodigal of blood than that of England. The ex- 
cesses of the French revolution were children's play I the view of collecting and arranging some facts, by 

tablisli and sustain the great sources of wealth that 
How from niaimfiictures. 

Bat tile su:)ject is loo copiotis for the room atpre- 
S'.nt aflljrded. We shall embrace some early oppor- 
tunity ot appealing to the reason of ihe people ; not 
because A^e believe they are disaffected to the union, 
(for we do not apprehend any such tiling) but with 

compared with her ravages in India — and behold 
her now in .America, holding a market for scalps 1 
Fourth. On the union nf the states. 
Here is, indeed, a fruitful suiiject for animadver- 
aion and remark. If we have not said much upon 
^, it was because, in obedience to the precepts of 
the fa:hkr of his country, J would not lightl\ 
speak ot it ; or have it sup])osed a dissolution were 
practic.ble. Nor do I apprehend that it is. \ct 
those who urge it (and I must believe they are p.iid 
f)r it, the project being the great favorite of Uie 
enemy) should be repiviiended. The l'<iston folks 
tal>e tiie lead m this bug-bear,- and certainly have 
somewhat loosed the "bonds that made us one peo- 
ple," by a system of falsehood and perversion of fact, 
unprec^vlenled. So outrageous have been the pro- 
ceedings of certain "head men," that many arc rea- 
dy to sa}', "let them go." Tills is almost as bad as 
till- otiier. It Will be no difficult nialver to shev/, 
tliat the "shipping interest" of J\fus'!achusetts of 
which We have heard so much, owed its rise atkl 
prosperty entirely to the products of other states ; 
and that, without their commodities, she cannot em- 
plo}-, on any terms, owe Jmirth of her tonnage ; and 
that her populition could not be sustained, in tlie 
event CO 1 tempi ated. In 1750, Alassaclmsetts pro- 
per (for Maine was then a wilderness) had 220,000 
inhabit.'ui's — and all the rest of the colonies did not 
contain 800,000 more. On tiiis, some curious sta- 
tistical remru'ks present themselves, and we shall 
sift the sulject to the bottom ere long, whether as it 
regards taxation, population and repre^eiUation, or 
the future prospects of the several states. I sincere- 
ly the •.S'«r(;;vi-like violence of an .ambit.ous 

which they may expose the Jiritish, antiuiuon dema- 
gog-nes, and rouse themselves to the exertion that be- 
comes them, as men and republicans, to put down 
by the force of their sentiment, outcry which 
disgraces their coimtry, and cherishes the hopes of 
its barbarian foe. 

Fifth. Of the ivar. 
This article has extended to so great a lenglli, that 
I must refer my readers, generally, to the essays 
and facts inserted in the preceding volumes of the 
R-gister for "wlij-s and wjierefores" of the support 
that I give to it.' 1 will only add, and I verily be- 
lieve this — that there is no man of respectable politi- 
cal standing in the United States, (I cave not of what 
"party,") tliat would put his hand to paper, and ac- 
knuxultdge as rights, the pretensions of the enemy, 
about which we contend. A resistance of those/;rc- 
tev-nnns might have been delayed yet longer ; but the 
"liiibicon lo- passed," and they m;«^ df exploded or- 
sanctioned. If this opinion, as to tlie universality 
of sentiment in favor of our claims, be coircct, and 
It assuredly is,| what is to be done, but by support- 
ing the war to fmlsli it speedily ? Then, if the peo- 
ple please, let tliem coiulemn tlie administration Obi' 
commencing it improperly or prematureh — but un- 
til then, though like nian and wife we may differ, 
let us cease the quarrefof ourselves, and vnitedly 
fall upon the adver.?ary of both, ilad this spirit of 
union existed some years ago. the war would not 
liive been. As it is, nia.y we profit from foil}-, and 

-(• For example — ask any one, "Shall American 
ships be searclied for men ? Will you agree to aO» 
knowledge this as t!ie right of Grsat Britain?" Let 
'here be no twisting or quirking ; but have the plain 
* Saturn, in fabulous history, is said to have de- 1 naked /jwzri/ife settled, yea or tiay, as it now musj 
voured his own children, 'be by treaty,, come ;j:ace when I'- v-'^. 


end it as becomes a hig-li spiihe<l and free people. 
Our love of peace is known U> :il! the world — tlie prin- 
ciple of our government is founded Upon it — may the 
v.'orld also see and be convinced, that the repuhliain 

and circuit courts ; which license was authenticatecl 
by tlie hand writing- of Allen, his name appearing 
on several p;ipers which accompanied it, and by the 
old official seal of the late British consulate at Bos- 

sijntem. can avenge and sustain itself against the in- ! ton. The signatures of AJlsii being denied, were 
roads of kings, on the riglits of humanity. {proved by Mr. Thomas H. Perkins, a witness in court. 

Sixth. Of (i2ir ?vaiinf-r of making up the Events 
of the War. 

Among these papers was a certificate of Allen, dat- 
ed October 1, 1812, authenticating a copy of a let- 
Tliis is, in truth, the most difficult and laborious Iter oi' ^'•«ie7rt£//te7»e to export flour and other dry 
part of ovu- work. It requires more reading, carcjprovisions to Kricish, Portuguese and Spanish ports. 

and attention tliun any one can coi\ccive, who has not 
witnessed tlie tod bestowed on it — that nothing wor- 
thy of record and reference; or as news, may be omit- 
ted, and thai if possible, "the truth, the whole truth, 
and nothing but the tiuUi," may be told. The ofti- 
cial papers are easily arranged; but to trxuinine the 
clouds oi' unofficial reports and statcmenis, to revise 
and digest tiie mi[;!ity \\hole, and put it into regular 
form, is no easy business ! 'l"he editor is aware that 
it is the insertion of the thousands of little incidents 
occurring, beneath tlie dignity of official conununi- 
cations, that gives a zest to tlie domestic history of a 
country — and, though some ma}' think, at the moment 
of receiving ibem, that certain articles might well be 
left out, it is believed they will generally have a dif- 
ferent opinion of tliem a little time hence. Such, at 
least, it is our hiij)e arid design that tliey shall. 

We have yet some heavy articles before us to 
complete the original prospects of tlie Rkgistku. 
One of them, the insertion of the constitutions of the 
United States and of the several states, has been ef- 
fected. The others of a permanent nature, are only 
postponed ; and shall liberally appear as we get fjr- 


Allen — ^'his majesty's consul 

In vol. IV, p:'ge 26, we confessed our surprize at tlie 
impudence of this Englishman in exercising his 
couswlar functions after the dechiration of war. — 
From the following law report, copied from the 
Boston Patriot, it appears he has been " brought 
into court." 

On Sat urday last, (Aug. 21 ) before the hon. judge 
Divis, Andre-ui Allen, Esq. late tlie British consul le- 
siJ'.nt at Boston, was examined on a complaint, in 
b^i.alf of the United States, for receiving and ob- 
taining, while resident in the United Sta^es, from 
an officer of the British government, a license for 
vessels to transport merchandise to, and to trade 
witli the enem,\ 's ports. The complaint being found- 
ed on a section of the statute of tiie United States, 
passed on the 6lh of July, 1812 ; wliich for tlie in- 
formation and caution of tlie citizens, we will ex- 

'-.See. 7. And be it further enacted, That every per- 
son being a citizen of the United States, or residing 
therein, who shall receive, accept, or obtain a license 
from the government of Great Britain, or anv offi- 
cer thereof, far leave to carry anv merchandise, or 
send any ve<^sel into any port or place within the do- 
minions of Great Britain, or to trade with any sucli 
port or place, shall on conviction for every siich of- 
fence, forfeit a sum equal to twice the value of any 
such ship, merchandise, or articles of trade, and 
shall m(-reover be dcchied guilty of a misdemeanor, 
and be liable to he imprisoned not exceeding twelve 
tronth-;, and to be fined not exceeding one thousand 

Mr. Allen pleaded not guilty. Tlie evidence ap- 
peared to be a license found oii Iicard the ship "An- 
rora," wliieli was lately caiituied uu Jier way to tlit- 
r/rst Indies, and sent into J\'eicl)0)t, by tlie'Ameri- 
f-an privateer ''Gov. TorapkiM," and there li!>elled 

addressed to Alien, by vice-admiral Sa-wijer, on the 
5th of August, 1812, and wliich appeared to be in 
answer to a. previovs comnamieation of Jllr Allen, of 
18th .luly, pointing out to admiral Savjycr the "means 
of ensuring a constant supphi of four and other dry 
provisions to Spain, Portugal, and the West India 
Idands," which method so devised by Allen, admi- 
ral Saivtjer seems to have adopted in the license pro- 
duced in this examination. The copy of Sa-wi/er^s 
letter of license was as follows : 

His .Majestij^s ship Centurion, at Halifax, 

the 5th of August, 1812- 

Sin — I have fully considered that part of jourlet^ 
terof the 18th ult. which relates to the means of en» 
suring a constant supply of flour and other dry pro- 
visions to Spain iind Portugal, and to the West India 
Islands, and being aware of the importance of the 
subject, concur in the proposition \ ou have made. 

1 shall therefore give (lirections to the comman- 
ders of his majesty's squadron under my command, 
not to molest American vessels so laden, and unarm- 
ed, bona fide bound to British, Portuguese, or Spa- 
nitli ports, whose jiapers shall be aecompanied ^vitlI 
a certified copy of this letter under tlie co?ts7//«r«ea^, 

I have the lieiwr to be, sir, your most obedient 
humble servant, 

(Signed) li. SAWYER, Vice-Admiral. 

Amiiikw Allex, 'Ei'<c[. British Consul, Boston. 

It was ingeniously argued at great lengtli, in de- 
fence of the respondent, that he was not the obtainer 
nor receiver, but ihe. fabricator and maker oi this li- 
cense, and therefore his offtiicc, if one, could not 
come witiiinthe statute. In reply, was an able ar- 
gument on belialf of tlie government, pointing out 
the general mischief and abuses which the statute 
vi'as intended to remedy, and shewing that the of- 
fence of Mr. Allkn oi' obtaining a license, was com- 
pleted so soon as he had received, on his oivn request 
and solicitation, the letter of admiral Saavyer ; which 
WHS it. general license to export in American vessels 
to ports of iIk- enemy, flour and other dry provisions,- 
and to be used on board of such vessel or vessels as 
the obtainer and receiver, Mr. Alien, might think 
proper, which came clearly within the letter and 
meaning of the statute, and it was not necessary to 
constitute a license that any pai-tisular'vessel should 
be iiumed. Had IMr. A. destroyed or suppressed this 
license, tlius obtained from admiral Sawyer, without 
making any use of it, the offence would have remain- 
ed the same, and equally within the statute. 

The hon. judge, at some length drew a distinction 
between his duty as an examining officer, and as 
judge presiding at a final trial, and then ordered 
Andrew Alleji to recognise for his appearance at the 
next circuit court. 

Counsel for the governme«^t, George Blake .ind 
J.E.Smith,esqvii. — i'oi- the respondent, //. G. Otis 
and Wm. Sullivan, esquires. 

" Once Englifc^li always English." 

To gentlen'ien of the Bar — 
A letter from oik- of the most distinguished legal 

^ , --.- - .. . jcharacters in the United States to the editor of the 

and condemned to the captors, in both the district' /,'VeW7i?e.rJ5.'e)', has the folio v.'ing paragraph: 



, *•' I intended to have sent you the case of tlie Pat- 
tersons, 'otij<iltimore, (which occurred sown at'ier 
the British treats) wlio had been natundizcd in this 
country, but who were lieM to be British subjects, 
tr I'.U r^- Willi an enemy, in order to cGiidema the pro- 
pert}- : — and also to liave furr.islied you with a strik- 
ing c(;ntrast in the case of an American citizen wlio 
had resided a sliort time at Curracoa, tliat they [the 
British] made a Dutchman, tiiatiiis property miglu 
also be condemned. But I have lost a bundle of 
newspapers containing- '• Admiralty Decisions," and 
among- them tlie paper in which a repoit of this last 
c;ise was published. I cannot recollect in what pa- 
per, or at what time it issued, but I think it must 
have been since 1802, / 'n'dl remember the remarha- 
able expressions oj Sii William SroTT, -wUo observed^ 
" TIONS," &c. In Rohinsou's report of a case I 
take to be the same, he omits these expressions." 

Can any gentleman furnish a copy of the re- 
port of the important c;isi; mentioned, ihat It 
may be Reg'Utcred? Surh an opinion was certaln- 
\lf given by the learned judge, and it ought not to 
be lost. 

his gore. His trunk was broken o])en and all his 
clothes and upwards of v^lOO in cash taken out. — 
Afler their arrival at Halif.x and in atteiidiii.^- the 
fnnerd rites of tiicir late gaUhnt conimarider, he .v;j£ 
reduced to the himiiiiating and de.'rr&ding necessilv 
of wearinrj the same clothes he wore in the engage- 
ment and iiad worn ever since, liter.dly sti/l with 
blood ! — Capt. Law/ence, when momently expecting 
to breii-thc his last, requested that his private papers 
HIS wifk's LE'rTKUs \ would be given up — this was 

refused. He also had some choice wi;: 

:h he 


The Chesapeake and Shannon. — It is a glorious fr.ct, 
for which we have the unanimous testimony of the 
enemy, that our naval heroes linishcd their fame, by 
the humanity they observed to the conquered. See 
the various enemy statements. The most minute 
article of individual property was respected, and 
Laivrence and his crew immortalized thumselves by 
clothing the people of the Peacock, and liberally 
administering to all their wants. Tlie brutality of 
the British, after the capture of the C/iesapeake, has 
been constantly stateil — wevG the facts different from 
the reports given to the world, they woidd have been 
denied ; for we have thousands that 'deave no stone 
unturned" to exhibit the enemy as models of per- 
fection — "ihs shield of afflicted livmanity, andbul-.uark 
of rcUg-ion." But the verity of these thing's have 
not been impeached ; and we accept them as incon- 
trovertible truths. We shall not notice- this outra- 
geous matter again, except in extenuation, if the 
"well incUncd" shall a statement ; bat in- 
vite our readers to the following from the New-Jc-r- 
sey "Freclonian" 

"Our readers will recollect an account v.-e some 
time since published from a Salem paper, concern- 
ing the execrable and horrid treatment experienced 
by the surviving officers ar.d crew of the unfortu- 
nate frigate Chesapeake, after her surrender to the 
British frigate Shannon. We had the ple-.sure a 
few da-ys since of conversing with one of the officers 
of the Chesapeake, who shai-ed the insults and suf- 
ferings on that memorable occasion. We were par- 
ticular in our enquiries, and received a lull and com- 
plete confirmation of what has already been pub- 
lished, with the addition of some facts which we do 
not recollect to have seen noticed. 

This gallant and unforUinate officer stated, that 
after the surrender of the Cb.esapeake th.e British 
officers and men indulged in the most horrid and 
barbarous excesses — no quarter was for some time 
given — himself was wounded in three several places, 
dragged from the top and precipitated to the deck 
where he lay for some time senseless, weltering in 

seemed inclined to taste, but with brutal feeling 
this was pe'.emptorily refused. 

Such are among the insults and sufTerings expe- 
rienced by as noble and bra^e officers as ever 
fought. We leave cur readers to make their own 

Jtiissian mediation. — The master of a Swedish 
vessel that has arrived at Newport, R. I. reports 
that the ship Neptune, with INlessrs Gallatin and 
Ihiyard m\ board, had ancliored in the Soiuid (the 
enti-anee of the Baltic J on the evening of the 21st 
of June. This vessel brought despatches to oar go- 
vernment from Mr. Adams, ar.d also from the Rus- 
sian government for 'Sir. Duachkojf. 

Many persons, witli views noteasllv reconciLd)le 
to Ujeir professions, appear sincei-fly to desire that 
the proposed mediation of Russia may fall. Among 
tlie million of things they have said about it, they 
have lately denied that Mr. Daschkof was authori- 
sed to propose it. The question is a< issue as follows: 
A Bos'.ton paper Sfiyi-, " We are even prepared to 
prove that the offer of metiiation was an unauthor- 
ised act on the part of Mr. Daschkoff." 

The JVational Intelligencer rej'jins^ " We aver in 
tiie most perempt(n-y manner th.^t the assertion, 
wliiclijthe Boston editor says he is preparetl to prove 

is false ; and we dare him to the proof. ITnless 

lic prodtice it, he stands convicted of having said 
'- the thing that is not." 

The Federal Gazette, of Baltimore, states, that 
" Admiml Warren had informed a gentleman who 
was lately on board of has shp, that the English g-o- 
vernmcnt had declined accepting the offered mediae 
tion of the Emperor of Russia." 

The allie-^. Extractof a letter to a gentleman 

of Pittsburg, dated Fort Meigs, Aug. 9 : '-In eonse- 
quence of the communication being cut off, I had 
not an opporfariity of writing you until now. The 
enemy found he could not do us any injnry. The 
first day they made tlieir appearanr-e, tiie Indians 
killed five of the plcquet guard, and took four pri- 
soners. The i»ght bffore thei; left ns, they had a war 
V, e de not know how many, 'as tlie bones were 

ntarlj burnt up. We are all well." 

Bdiimore, the •' devoted clt_\." — We are delighted 
to observe in the lUchmond papers, the foflowiiig ho- 
norable testimony in favor of Baltimore, from the 
commander of an invaluable body of patriots we are 
proud to esteem : 

Extract of a letter from Capt. Booker, commander o/ 

M? Richmond Washington Volunteers, /o Thomas 

Ritchie, es(j, doled Bultimure, .di/(r.23 .- 

" We have been much fatigued, though cheerful 

in the discharge ofourdiitj-, at Annapolis, from 

which place we marched an Friday last, and readied 

this place on Saturday evening : Never were soldiers 

more hospitably treated than our volunteers are by 

the citizens of B.,ltlmore. Tlieir treatment is such 

as to excite and deserve the acknoviedgments of aH 

the men. We are ordered to York, Penn. thereto 

wait the orders of col. T. M. Randolph^ wLo isuow 

in Virginia, perhaps ut Norfolk.", 


On Monday morning, the 29tii of ACj^usi, this 
ccmianv otclt-gant youn;^^ men, took up their niurcli 
for York. Thev were escortt.; UnonRb. tlie ciiy :uui 
some distance on the road, by thf Baltimore Lv1' - 
pendent iVmes and the Yapjers, willi their full ban.) 
of music. Th'> streets Ihrongb wliirh tlie} passevi 
V ere crowdr-d by a people that knew how to respect 
them, and the windows were fnUil with syn.puthis- 
ing beauty. Tliey took with them the best wishes 
of Baitinujre. 

Two seiimen, Tfhomas Dennis and AVilliam I'ower, 
of Baltimore county, sailed from Baltimore for 
Lisbon in Au.!?. 1812,' in a licensed vessel. The ship 
w s captured md sent ivito Bermuda, where she and 

Iv-r ciri^o were cleared bul the crew were sent to 

Engliiul UK priaonevs of war .'.'.' This is " British 


A full account of the solemn honors paid to the 
remains ofC.ipt. Lawrence and lieut. Lndhnv, at Sa- 
lem, lias not yet reached us ; and it would be doing 
jnju'st'.ceto The subject \o give it p.a-tially : it is, 
^.herefore, postponed. 

A .S'-.r^^i/«/i vessel^ ii at saile.i from New-H.aven for 
St. P ■'•iholomt-w-s, WHS sent 'o IJuUfax, and there 
eompeUedto sell her cargo. As provisions arebi.dh 

Wanted iii Co.hada, siie will probably return to 

take cut a second load to St. Bartholomews. 

This IS H vile business ; but it is neurlv sf^pped from 
all the 'places where the articles desired are to be 
had in large quantities. 

Miij. Gen. Dearborn. A &})lendid public dinner 
was given to Gen. Dearborn, at Boston, an the 27lh 
uU. Many distinguished citizens attended; among 
the Vice-President of the U. S. Gen. Gushing, &c. 
After dining, tiie following, among many other like 
patriotic, toasts were given : 

T!ic /f/;/e'-Ha7r^/-//ji<\j— Thf best nee;ociatorj for peace, are those 
wlu) tuntmJfm- the s'lcoLSsfiil issue of tlie war. 

TAc l^rivy nf thr U. Slates— \t lixs iiiscrilj-cl in 1- tiers of gluvy, 
the iialioiial st-iitinieiU oi Free Trmk and Sailors' Kighli, which no 
AiUPfic^an will coiisriitto erase, 

Thr- memori.' o/' /(-ftv/iJu^f^oi— His saint ■(! 'spiiilheckoiis us to the 
^me Ik'W, whtrt h>: rirst uiifalnl the sa-jrL«l bamiar of iiiJeiic-nd- 

e»<i:e. . . , 

The Wnr— May the Cod ofhattl s crown it with success. 

THE WAR— May its pr s i.ulioii be as vijjorous, as its olyeets are 

2'HS V.'AR — Lil;e that of the R'volntion, may it s'-rveto 
strLiigth'Mi the prim i Dies of civil liberty, and adil to the happiness 
anil virtue of iiiaiikinl. 

JVns!t':rr^f on, J'-Jfer:,im, Franklin and i5n)7«K.'— In war, polities, 
philosi.iiiiy. aiuliit raturt,fourtjoodly pillars in the grtal teiniileol 
our national charicti'r. 

Pike. Lrt.vrciue, Ludhw, and other gallant spirits, who have fall- 
en ill dcf lite of ilitireoiiiitry's rights— Their characti rs will ever 
be li' Idiiii'.HV^ilr* iieiohrauce. 

Our renpated jc-ihu'-dtizOK Ceoryc Crmi-ninsJiield, and his ten 
vortliy assi.i-iates, wliost syinpalhiis prompted lli.iii to reioove 
tliebravi: fi-Qm a loreigu land, to the sepulchre of tlieir fathers. 
V«. If VT 1.1 us. 

Oy Gen Dearborn— May the stale of Massaohiisotts support, in 
thr pivsr'.t war. ihe iiigli and difiiiified charaiter her statesmen, 
soldiers a:.d s amen, so honorably supporli d in the glorious contest 
Sorour iuiiependeiice— 18 cheers. 

By itn' vie -president of the U. States— May justic in Great Bri- 
tain, oiod. ration 'i!! Frnice, and patvioiism in the U. Slates, pre- 
viil over avarice, auibition, and party couiention,aiid pres.iit ilars 
a-, ri victini on li.c sacred altar of peac . 

R> the pnsident of the day— O///- m/iected felloiv-rUizeii, Geii. 
rjeiirhnni—Tiiv man who was so w- II and so deserved beloved by 
tlie ijf.i ■• i> a id soldier j of tbi army lately under liis e.iiwmaiiil. 

Bj ihe iAiU6—T/ir vhe-prcsidimt if the U. Stales— A Cato in inte- 
grity, aSiJuryin intrepidity. 

DiSKKTEits. From the Baltimire Patriot. We 

liave isceived the followiiii^ letter in the common 
and ordinary channel, .ifording no information as to 
its author. The eiiclosure .dhuh-d to wa;, ictually 
\\\ the letter. Tints made the stewia-ils of ilie writer's 
lilier ditv, for ihe purjioses lie meniion^, we have no 
litlicr course to t.>ke than to give piiblicny to his let- 
ter : 

"SIR.— 1^1 ing i/P opinion to pncqurage the troops enn>loyed 
Sga^ist yua^o(le:ert,!s a justifiable ftnd cheap liiode pf ccuntei"- 

acting the pubhc eneniy, sanctioned by common usafje. a mora 
u.oial and huniane way of carryiiie; on war, than burning villaKei, 
abusing heljiless women, killiu;;61d men, or even shootii gKau or 
iron l.idh-tsinto soMi, rs or >ailors. by what is called regiments and 
arni'r >, viz. men ranked up into rows. 

"Ker these and othf-r reasons thsit will suggest thems'-Ives to 
you,p'rinit me to rtipRsl you andall the' editors in the U. States, 
not devoted to tlu- enemy, to introduce into every paper you pub- 
llsli, US' ful iiiforiiiulion to imn composing the land and sia forces 
tlie British have on our coast and frontier ; giving them to know 
that on coiuiiig among us. they will be well treated, allowid (o fol- 
low any business they please,and in any town or placein the U. 
States ihey ihink proper; that deserters will not b given up, nor 
coi.siilereil prison' rs of war; neither will they be i^sked to enter 
iiaotiieaimy orna^y of the U. Slates. 

"A> these men, on thrir coming over to us, c.innot be well fur- 
nisheii with clothes or money, and as it is a point of interest, as 
Well as honor to the United States, that they shoiltl be comfortably 
provided for on their starliiig here, let us give the jioor fellows a 
1 ttlehi Ip. 

'•fu; tlu.i, the enclosed one hundred dollar note is sent to you ; 
with n reinvest, timt yvu pny to the ten soldiers or sailors, that firgt 
(Jesert from tlie ]irili\!i in the Clirsaprake, ten dul'uirs each. Should 
you manage the business well, tl»e <Ionor may have another hun- 
dr.d forth coming, li)r the same purpose; and if each citizen that 
can spare some such sum, has it employed in the same way, it is pre- 
babli- we shall soon free our waters of their present troublesome 

"J'his is presumed, will be ai>provedof, and supjwrted by 
the Qiialcers." 

Tiie public have now information of the object 
of our unknown correspondent; and we can only 
announce that we are ready to comply with the terms 
of the above offer. "^ 

To the editor of the Buffalo Gazette. 
Sir — I enclose for public.ition, the subsequent 
letter of M. T. Simpson, esq. which scarcely needs 
a comment : such an instance of genuine patriotism 
is rarely to be found. Mr. S. had nothing to stuke 
on the frontier, his residence is in the interior, and 
to avoid the imputation of sinister motive, in the 
praise worthy iction, the public are informed 
that he is a " feilcruLst." A Subschibeh. . 

August 9, 1813. 

Buffalo, J^dij 27, 1813. 
Captain IfoHATio .Tonks, 

S iR — In consideration of the gallant defence made 
by a p irty of votir Indians, in the late attack of the 
British It Black Rock, 1 take leave to enclose you 
one hundred dollirs, which 1 request }ou will order 
to be equally distributed among them, and which I 
hope they will unhesitatingly receive as a proof of 
the respect 1 entertain for their brave and efficient 
eKcrtions, in dispersing the iiivading enemy. In 
haste, but very re.specttully, 

Your most obedient servant. 

M. r. SI.VlPSO.V,of Penn. 
P. S. On reconslderrition, I request the above do- 
nation may be distributed in proportion to the haz- 
ard and exposure of the individual who led the party 
and showed the best example ; to ascertain which I 
request } on will authorise the nicest enquiry. 

From an Jilexaiidria paper, Sept. 1. 
ToHPEiious. — "It ap]K-ars to be acknowledged on 
bo.ard admiral C'.ckburn's ship that Mr. Mix's tor- 
|)cdo had marked neur the Cat head, al'hough it had 
no ways injured tlie line of battle ship Plantagenet ; 
Old tliMt in the whole fleet there is plentiful abuse of 
the American governm.ent (wtio in fact gave no sort 
of putron ige or encotiragcment to its perpetrator or 
inve-nlor) although it was merely the effusion of an 
enterprising active young man in the n.aval service. 
They unfairly condemn it as a villainous, invidious, 
improper and cowardh means of warfare (for such 
are the terms tliey use in execration of it ;) never re- 
flecting, that their ruling administi'ation had paid 
Mr. Fulton a very handsome slipend for his inven- 
tion after experiencing its full efficacy upon a desig. 
nated vessel, and in presence of the lords of the ad_ 
niiralty with many nav.ii characters assembled to 
view its efTtct from the Sand-Down Casile of the 
Cinque port near to Deal and the Downs. They also 


fijTfrot lord Gre}'s recent statement in purliirncnt as 

to t .e comniiiicvi paymeni as ihe tlien loril of the ad- 

mifiilty whtcli tiL- uv.t.dti Mr. Fullon upon it. (\'idt- 

bis lordship's speech upon liie n;.v;il enquii-y ques- 

^tion, as publi,->ht(l iu tlie London Mornint,- Chronicle! j;p,„.jri;t |,;is went on to tlie frontiers 
'of Muv I5l\\, 1813.) Nor reflecthig either that tlie!^i^„ reception of the niilitury tbrce he 

eni iiiv ut that pi ce, and adds considerably to the 
amount of dii)red;ajor.s. 

The Creeks.— The war party is reported to be 3000 
strong— die peace party at lOUO. The governor^of 

Britibh ministry his induced tlie trial of llieifiVet 
fioni torpedoes upon the French flotilla :i.t Iivdoj^ne, 
along tune after iMr. Fulton's Sundown Casile ex- 
periuient !" 

From the JW Y. Cohunbian nf ^ivgust 31. 
One of ihe torpedoes whicli \ anchored at the 

to jnepare tor 
had called out; 

winch has marched iinJer the command ot bng. geiu 

A letter from Fort Slod<lurt, dated July 29, says 
•'the post rider has been s'npped and robbed of his 
m.iil, his liorse shot under him, and liis hat shot off. 
It { sever.d other mails have bt en taken 

Ka-.rowson the 21^t of Kst Jmie, was taken up to j i,^ ,1,^ ^^,.,j. (jj.^gjj-^ Xhe c:vd war rages through the 
be esaniiued on Siturdav ; the pow-der was pf'^'^i'i-j whole country 

ly dry, and the lock in good order. Tliis is an in 
teresting pr')of tluit orpedoes can be preserved uu 
der wuter fur monhs. 

The JVovth-fVestern army v\'!il soon consist of at 

An itccouiu from J\Vw Orleans o^ Anp. 2, says that 
700 Indi.ois h:<d xdvunced to the is on Fish 
nver ; bui 1000 re.srulars were in the neighborhood, 
;ind it Wi;s hoped, might meet tlieni. 

r is stated th:jt tiie seci'et;iry of war M'ill locate 

least 4,000 regulars and 3,UO0 Ohio and Kentucky ■ : , , «-,,.„,, whirh fen 

. ' o ' - himself tor a while at i>acA:<'« 6- J/"i-6or — \vnicni,cn. 

voumtceis. [udkinson \\^s \>vohMy lefi beti)ie this hv Fort 

,„.„,... -.le time of busy action is evidently at 
lwo Jiunur- - 

"The Delaware and Shawanoese Indians on tiiis .^ 

frontier h.ive tiir .ed out about iwo hundred men curgs. ^ le ,;■,,.,,„ v,„i^n\ ffnv. 

'li;.nd, at every post — say Jiitrliiigtov, Ciutkelt s //«>- 

wlio have m^rcned to the relief of gen. Harrison. ; • • i ,/ ^ ir" i-i,^ fl.vt.n-js ur<> 

«,, ,,r I . .. • 1 ,1 c. 1 hor. Fort (eorn-e .nd l rjrt JMi^'us. llie notiUas aie 

The Wyandots within our lines, the Senecas and''"''-'" * . , -^ . , p, ■ * i 

•' ' .p a so ready on ChunipIuiJi, Ontario, ana Ana 

Maigoes have aKo mined out their disposa.le force, 
abouL two hundred moi'e. The wliole intend to con- 
tinue with the arm' during the campaign. 

JNO. JOHNSTON, Indian Agent. 
Pigua, Ait fust 3, 1813." 

At Fort George, we learn, we have 6,000 efRc- 
tive men and 5U0 Indians. Deserters from the ene- 
my come in ahnosl daily ; and agree in stating that 

the British are short of provisions : they also report wl/e^^-s to take the command of them m person, to 
" winch also lie has been earnestly invited by general 


fnm tlie prudent and wise're3 that appear 
to lie adopted, we calculate on a series of splendid 

Two hundred newly enlisted recruits were en. 
camped at VVmchesLer, Va. Aug. 21—500 arrived at 
New-York, on their way to the nortii, Aug. 26. 

Many of the officers ef the Oluo Militia, now in 
the service of the United Slates, have solicited gov. 

their force in tlie neighborhood to be about 2,000 
regulars, 5 or 600 militia, and 4 or oOO Indians. 

(Jen. Jioi/d's letter, in.serted in p.ige 418, last vo 
lume, sliould iiave bf-tf-n dated August 17, in.stead of 
"13." We have another account of the bume afl'air, 
from a private source which states, that an aiubus- 
Caile beijig formed near a catiip of British Indians, 
ou> Indians m front, and the regulars so placed as to 
cut on the retreat of the enemy — at d.iy light tlie 
American Indians gave the war-whoop — the Brii ish 
Indians taking tliis for a friendly call, came forth, 
and were witiun half rifle shot before ihey discov- 
ered tlie stratagem. They were fallen upon on all 
sides, and made bat little resistance. Seventy-five 
of Ltiem were kdi-.jd. on the spot, and 16 prisoners 
taken, as represented by gen. JJoyd. The account 
furiUer sa\-s " six sc.dps were brought in by our 
Indians ; but this we understand was disapproved 
of by gen. Boyd." liryd sa}s, on the contrary, (see 
tiie page above referred to) that tliey " committed 
no wanton cruelties on vaq liead ;" and speaks ot 
theii" humanivy as being " conspicuous." 

At Sackeit\i Harbor the number of troops is not 
stated ; we prestime it is not less tlian 6,o00 men. 

Maior-general W i/it/zjsojj arrived at Sackett's Har- 
bor on the 20ih Atig. His presence has given great 
confidence to the troops. We believe the secreiary 
ot war is at or in the iieigiiborliooil of fort George. 

From Lake Chuinpluin. Our naval force on tl;e 
lake sailed down towards tlie enemy's lines, about 
12 days ago, and discovering that he had added 10 
galleys to his force which gave him a decided supe- 
riority, they returned to linrlington ; at which plac^ 
there were then collected 5,000 regulars, untier niaj. 

gen. Hampton 2,000 more were on their march 

and immediately expected from the eastern states, 
and several smaller bodies were pushing to thai 
that post from other cj^uarters. 

The Plattsburg paper confirms all the accounts 
VIZ have pubUaivcd of iiie Wiinton barbarities of the 

" We understand, (says the JS'ational Intelligen' 
cer) that tiic president has confe-rred on m.ijor 
tlEORSECiiotiHAN, the Brevet rank of Uentenunt-co- 
lunel'm the army of tiie United States, to rank from 
the 2d of August 1S1.5— a day whicli will ever be 
conspicuous in the biogiaijhy of tliis youthful hero, 
white ilafiotds a memor:.ble proof of the gallantry 
and Spartan vaior of die liule band under his cotu- 
mana. in the fortress of Sandusky. 


CHiLicoTdE, August 12.— In the gazette, we 
stated tliat m ijor Croghan, in consequence of his 
disobeymg an order, to burn and evacuaie lort Stu- 
phenson, had been succeeded in his coinmimd by 
col. Wells. After the arrival of m ijor Croghan at 
head-quarters, lie gave to the commanding general 
such si-tisfaciory evidence of his ability to maiiitam 
Ills posi, that i'le v:is immedi-itely sent back and 
resumed the command. 

On liie evening of the 1st inst. the Britisn and In- 
dians wild h.ul came up the Sandusky from the 
bav, commenced from their boats u heavy cannonad- 
ing ujion the fort, and threw in a great number ot 
shells from their bomb baiteries. The enemy con- 
tiiiucd Ins operations wiiliout succeoS until the even- 
ing of tiie 2d, wlien id'ur throwing a great nunib( r 
of b.dlsfrom a six pounder, at the north-west angio 
of the fi-rt for tlie purpose of making a breach, u 
column under the command oi' lieuteiiaul-coloiicl 
Short, advanced to the point on which the artiileiy 

'■ • -■ lint the 

iiad played, with the intention ol storming, Inii^ the 
judicious management of major Croghan, foiled the 
enemy m lu» atu-npt. Tlie ditch wlncli sm rounded 
the works was about eight feet wide and ot equal 
depth— this the enemy had to enter beiore he couid 
approach the pickets, (through the top of each oi 
1 which u bayouet was drive i» ia a uoruoutal due'> 



tion). While in this situ;4tion, Ihe 6 iKiunder vviticii 
was masked in a .block-lKiuse and placed so as to 
rake the ditcl), and a ravine adjacent, poured upon 
the stoimnig cohnnn a trcniciidimy siiower of mus- 
ket balls, which did terrible cxccvnion, and so con- 
founded the assailants, that It. col. Short, who hud 
previously ordei-cd his men to scale the pickets, and 
"s/i07y the daiiai'd Yankee rascals no qiuDters," exhi- 
bited a white handkerchief as a signal of distress, 
evincing- his disp^i^sitlon to liave quarters shewn him, 
after he liadpiocl Mimed that tiie garrison sliotild be 
massacred. It was, however, lot) lute — the next dis- 
charge proved fatal — he fell — and lieut. Gordon of 
the 49th regiment died by iiis side. This was near 
two hours betijre sun set. Tlie fire from tlie block- 
house was now princiijally directed at the enemy 
wiio had taken refuge in tlie ravine — the slaughter 
there was immense, and gen. Proctor who command- 
ed in person, ordered the allied enemy to retreat to 
their boats. The greater ))art of the night was oc- 
cupied in carrying off the dead and wounded — from 
the number of trails discovered in the grass It is 
evident, that not less than fifty of the dead were 
dragged away. About thirty killed, including the 
two officers mentioned above, M'ere left in the ditch 
and ravine, and tliirty prisoners, eighteen severely 
wounded, were afterwards brouglu into the fort, 
which the general, in liis hurry, left behind. It is a 
fact, wortiiy of observation, that not one Indian was 
found among the dead, althougli it is known thai 
from three to four hundred were present, under the 
celebrated captain Elliot. Tiie number of regulars 
was four hundred and ninety from the 49th regiment. 
!!M:.ijor Croghan bad but one man killed, and seven 
slightly wounded. His whole force amounted to but 
145 ellVctives. 

Major Croghan, who has thus nobly defended, 
and gallantly defeated the choices! troops command- 
ed by Proctor and Tecumseh, is a native of Kentuc- 
ky. He is not moi-e than 22 years of age ! 

BrRi,i>'GTON, August 20. — While the British were 
at Plattsburgh, col. .Murray, conversing with some 
gentlemen, accidentally drew from his pocket, with 
his iiandkerchief, a puper wliich lodged upon the 
gi-ound- A bye stander oi3serving it, stepped aside 
of the colonel, and to appearance accidentally drop- 
ped liis handkerchief, which covered (he papt- r, ))oth 
Were secured. Tiiis paper contains a plan of Platts- 
burg and this town, the Eitu;uion of this cnnp, all 
the bays upon tins shore, recommends Siulbiu-n bay, 
(a few miles south of Burlington) as the best for an 
army to land, gives all the roads leading from said 
bay to this village, ?. c. &c. We understand that on 
comparison of writing, one Joseph Ackiey a citizen 
of Plattsburg, had been cliarged with the crime; 
he for sometime denied it, but finally has ackuow- 
Jedged the fact, and that he to receive one hun- 
dred dollars for the plan. Fifty he had received, the 
remainder was due to him. 

He was secured, and immedi:<tely sent to Albany. 
From tke Pittsburg ^'fferciiri/. 
[The editor of the Mercury has been politely favor- 
ed by a i'riend with the following copy of a letter 
from Dr. SamU( 1 M'Keelian. It details many in- 
teresting particulars of the riflair at Sandusky, on 
the 2d inst. not hitb.nrto published. Dr. M'Kechan 
is the same gentleman whf> Isst February was sent 
hy general Han-ison with a flag to Jlalden, who 

was wounded on his way thitlici', arrested, 

^ent to, and confined in the cells of Monti-eal, 
on the pretext of his Ijeing engaged in carrying on 
a secret correspon.-le'nce. He is a man of unex- 
ceptionable character, warmly attached to the 
cause of his counti-y, and on whose statements the 
Utmost reliance may be placcd.J 

LowEU Sanhusky, August 3, 1813. 

Yesterday, sun about an hotn- and an half high, 
the British "to the amount of aboiU 500, with u large 
body or Indians, attempted to storm this post, aided 
with six field oieces, playing upon the N. W. corner. 
In order tlmt you may form som- idea of tlie place, 
mark t'le following. 

'I'he pickets 18 feet high, bayonets nailed to the 
sides of the tops with pieces of iron, with their 
points outwards, a ditch six feet deep and six wide ; 
but not iiaving enough of bayonets, about twenty-five 
feet of the cast side was left destitute of them, as 
well as of a block-house in the S. E. corner. 




B n 












5 "* 


can. <f 




B.H. : ; 






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>itu3U3 sqj uodn iwiBld Xijanbsuui Jno ssiioq ijaoiq «!>!> ^"Oi.f- " 

The enemy were under the impression, that our 
piece of artillery, a six pounder, was in the block 
house, having discovercil by the mancctivres of the 
enemy where they intended to storm. 

In twenty-four hours, they had struck our works 
v.'ith upwards of 509 shot ; 100 of them, shells, &c 
cume within the fort, and more than 300 balls struck 
t!ie place where they attempted to storm, and made 
considerable havoc among the pickets. 

The enemy's middle column came up 15 deep and 
l.'iO strong, commanded by lieut. col. Short, sustain- 
ing a heavy file from oiu- mu.skets ; when they came 
up to tiie ditch, and saw what was before them, the 
soldiers stopped ; but Short and a lieutenant drove 
tlicm into the ditch, and followed in quick succes- 
sion themselves. Col. Short was the first who en. 
deavored to gain the summit of the picketed side ; 
but failed and tell back into the ditch. At this mo- 
ment, our piece of artillery was let loose about 35 
yards from, and ui)on them. In this fire. Short re- 
ceived a small slug in his body. The terror which 
took pl.tce in consequence of the execution done, 
togetiier Willi liis own critical and perilous situation, 
ra'usedh m to ho;s. a white handkerchief on the end 
of his sword, and cry for quarters : but being enve- 
loped in smoke and dui5t,our engineers did not see 
his flag. A second fire carried it away, and drove 
through liis body several slugs, of one and a fourlh 
inch .square, and one thrnugii his mouth. The ene- 
my gave way in every direction, antl left dead, dying 
and' wounded in the' ditch 52, including their two 

Previous to the attempt to carry the post by storm, 
colonel Elliott came with a flag, and demanded 
the suiTcnder of the fort. Ensign Shipp went to 
meet him ; an Indian came up and made an at- 
tempt to t:dce ofl' his coat. He drew bjs sworj 



and made him stand off, and informed Elliott and 
Dixon tliat major Croghan and those under him 
were determineil not to capitulate to a combined 
British and Indian force. Says Elliott you are a 
fine young man, but I am sorry for you ; our Indians 
are sp numerous, col. P.octor says lie will not be 
able to restrain them in case of obstinacy, and now 
is the only time mercy can be expected. Tlie Insult 
olfered to eusign Shit.|, attracted the attention of 
Croghan, who mounted tlie pickets and h.illowed 
'1 :■:, wiiatdoes that mean ? Shipp, come in, and we 
We'll blow tiiem all to liell. Sliipp r«stired, bidding- 
Elliott and Di.xon f;;'ood-bye. At this time tiie Indi- 
ans and eng-ineers liad advanced within forty steps 
of the pickets. Croghan ran to the other side and 
ordered his men to fire, which they did, and killed 
a lieutenant and some Indians. The contest lasted 
till sun-set, and with small arms till an hour afrer 
dark, and scattering- shots till midnii^ht, during 
which time our people supplied the wounded in tlie 
ditch with water, by throwing full canteens over the 
pickets. They got in all the wounded by 1 o'clock 
in the morning. From the marks of blood, &c. there 
could not be less tjjan 200 killed and wounded. 

They left 70 muskets, 2000 cartridges, lUO rounds 
of fixed ammunition, a boat with a considerable 
number of blankets and clothing, three kegs powder, 
and a quantity of cannon ball. 

Camp, Sem;ca, August 5, 1813. 

I came up last evening, four of the Uritish are 
dead .md dying last nigh';. Amongst tlie prisoners 
here, are a sergeant and corporal wlio stood g'uard 
over me in Canada last winter, and I dressed the 

wounds of a soldier who took me by the throat. 

They appeared glad to see me, and I know that 1 
Was ghid to see them here. 

Major Croghan not /laving- a disposable force, tlie 
enemy were enabled to take away most of their kill- 
ed and wountled (after durk) to their boacs. It does 
appear that the enemy were confident of success, as 
they came up col. Short was whistling, and the 
lieutenant swe.aring. It also seems thai they did 
not intend to be merciful ; as the colonel was heard 
to say, "prexs on boys, no quarters^ 

From the J\'ational IiiteUigencer. 

" We are son y to perceive that all the accounts 
hitherto received, concur in representing the con- 
duct of the British on this occasion, as afford- 
ing ample proof of the characteristic barbarity and 
tlie sanguin.ary disposition of that natisn, which lias 
been called by men professing themselves to be Ame- 
ricans,\.he "bulwark of our religion," and the "shield 
of oppressed humanity." From sources entitled to 
credit, we learn that when col. Elliott demanded tlic 
surrender of the fort, he staled that, unless his de- 
mand was promptly acceded to, a general massacre 
luould ensue. And when co!. Siiort, who commanded 
the British regulars destined to storm the fort, had 
formed his troops in a line parallel widi the ditch, he 
ordered them, m the hearing of our men, to loop tlie 
ditch, cut down the pickets and give the Ameiicuns 
no quarter. This barbarous order, which none but 
a savage could give, was not, however permitted to 
go unpunisiied ; for the Words were hardly out of the 
mouth of the Britisli commander, when the retribu- 
tive justice of Providence arresiied him ; and the 
wretcii was obliged to sue f )r tiiat mercy which he 
had determined not to extenrl to otliers. It may be 
observed here, in iionor of the character of the Ame- 
rican soldier, that though our little band were well 
aware of the fate which the enemy had prepared for 
them : yet, they were no sooner subdued, than the 
jvmericans forgot their crimes in their sufferings ; 
and the wonndcd in the ditch, ivhose groans and con- 
stant calls for Tjatcr ■wsve heard by our men in the fori, 

yuere supplied ivith that necessary article, on the night 
snccfeding the discomfiture of the enemy by the gene- 
rosily of the Americans, xaiw, -with considerable"lia:- 
ard, ventured to risk their lives in order to aUeviate 
the sufferings of the very men -svho had plotted their 
entire destruction." 

It may be well still further to impress on the 
mind, tlie sublimity of those generous deeds, by 
stating the fact that the fire upon the fort was yet 
occasionally kept up ; and that the garrison could 
not possibly discover, in the night, the real condi- 
tion of the enemy. Let the " shield of humanity" 
emulate this example, and furnish us with one in- 
stance of like hazardous magnanimity ,to ameliorate 
her barbarous conduct. Compare this with the pri- 
vations suflijred by our gallant seamen ; and call to 
memory the starvations on board the Jersey prison 


[f.d. kes. 

Copy of a letter from brig. gen. Boyd to the secretary 
of war, dated 
IlKAD-aTJAUTiius, FoRT Geokge, August 14. 

Sir — I h.ive the honor to report, that at day break 
this morning, the enemy attacked us at all our pic- 
quets,|Nvliiclt retired towards the camp, pursued by 
his advance guards. A skirmish ensued in ^he vil- 
lage, with little efl'ect upon us; after which he re- 
treated, having come wiliiin reach of our caimoM, 
but never within musket shot of our entrenchments. 
One captain of the 4yth and a few privates have 
bL:en brought in prisoners. We lost two men and 
a few wounded; the enemy left about 15 dead on 
diiferent grounds. He is supposed to have brought 
his whole force into tlie field ; but finding our posi- 
tion so strong desisted from a general attack. Sir 
George Prevost was in person at the attack. His 
force is withdrawn out of our reach into his strong 

I have the honor to be, sir, your respectful obedi- 
ent servant, 

Hon, John Armstrong, secretary at tvar. 

Copy of a letter from col. William Rnssel to governor 
Thomas Posey, dated Vincennes, July 25, 1813. 

Sill — I have completed my intended scout, and 
reached every point of destination, and arrived at 
tills place in four weeks. On our route we had much 
rainy weather and consequently high waters, which 
destroyed much of our provisions, and made the 
route much more disagreeable than otherwise it 
would have been. — The route from this place until 
we returned amounts to upwards of 500 miles, the 
greater part of which is certainly equal (if not supe- 
rior) to any tracts of country upon the western wa- 
ters ; all of which lies in your territory. We pro- 
ceeded from Vallonia to the Delaware towns, from 
thence to the Mlssvssinawa towns, there we found 
four or five distinct villages ; one pretty strongly 
fortified, adjoining which a very considerable eu- 
campmcntof Indians had been kept up, allofwliicL 
we destroyed. We sujjposed the Indians had evacu- 
ated those towns very early in the spring. Froni 

Ihence we proceeded down the Wabash to Eel river 
town, from tiience to M'iiiemack vilhige, from thence 
to the I'rophet's town, from thence v/e re-crossed 
tlie Wabasli, anil took the Wini bagoe town in out- 
route to Fort Harrison. We v.'cnt to every place 
where we could expect to fall in with the enemy 
(thai our situation would justify) as our provisions 
were then very sliort and our hoises much fatigued. 

1 had a part of six companies of rangers and a few 
volunteers from tlie territory, and was joined by one 
hundred vol-iintecis of Kentucky — v/heal found our 
force was 572 eilbctive men. The army marched m 


fire distinct columns, wilti instructions liow the 
front the rear :ind the flaiihs were l« aCL in case of 
an attack on eitlier. Tlie right flank was command- 
ed by g-etieral Cox of tlie Kentucky volunteers ; the 
extreme lefl was commanded by col. Evans, of" ihe 
Indiana ten-iiory ; the otiter column on the right 
was commanded by gener d Tliomas of the Kentuc- 
ky volunteers, the other column o.i tl>e lefi was com- 
manded by col. Wdson of this territory, and the 
centre bv maj. Z. Taylor of the U. S. strmy ; idl 
those officers discovei-ed so mucli zeal for the suc- 
cess of theexpeHition, us convinced me they vvotdil 
have done themselves credit had we eucomilered tile 
enem)'. — Col. Bartholomew acted as my aid-de-camp; 
this veteran has been so well tried in this kmd of 
Wfirfare, that any encomnims trom me woidd be 
useless — mijnr J. Allen from Kentucky, acted as 
quarter-master, JVIr. Ilanci^ck Taylor, as quarter- 
master sergt. maj Harden acted as adjutant, and 
Humer Johnson of the rangers as his assistant. All 
those genilemen acted with stich promptitude as 
gave n^e hut little trotd)le, and that only to check 
their zeal on certain occasions — gen. Clever ot Ken- 
tucky, commanded the advanced party, and ac<iuit- 
tad himself much to my satisfaction. — 1 find also 
in ti»e Kentucky corps several professional and other 
chn-acters of high standing — which are deserving' 
cf their country ; from the zeaLof the officers and 
privates I entertain g-reat hopes that the) wdl render 
considerable service to their country. The volun- 
teers from the territory were pi'iicipdly men of ex 
perience in Indian warfare, consequently capi'ble ot 
rendering service. 

Messrs. Barron and Laptant, your Indian inter- 
preters, .iccompanied us as guides, assisted by licut. 
Casceile, who were alw^ijs on the alert, and dis- 
char!;ed tlie duties assigned them with great promp- 

Such was the disposition of the army, and h.appy 
shoodd I iiav^e been, coultl they have had an oppoa-- 
tunity of realizing the high ex(itcta'i;ioiis I entertain- 
ed of them. 

I have ll«e honor to be, with high respect, youi 
obedient servant, WILLIA.M RUSSEL. 

P. S. Col. fJarlholomew and heut. Siiields (of cap- 
tiiin Pevton's company of i-angers) volunteered and 
crossed through the country from below the Pro- 
phet's town to the Oiiio, in two places; from tins 
jo« will discover, that the country has been com- 
pletely cheqtiered in all du'ections— and strange to 
tell, saw no fresh sig-n of Indi.ins. 

Hxtract of a letter fi-om col. William Rusael of the 
7tli feffiment U. <S'. armij to c;'07>. JPoaetj, dated V in- 
cenntSf August 4, 1813. 

On my return from the Mi^sissinawa, I found th" 
Indians had got in small parties on this side of the 
Wabash, between this ]ilace and tlie mouth of White 
river. Those two rivers for .some distance up, ai-e 
skirted with prodigious swanip'* and biush, whicii 
aftbr led them a complete shelter, 1 despatched ran- 
gers in different directions in order to drive them 
oul, the citizens also assembled and assisted to 
cliequcr the country — some of the I;idians had got 

possesslou of some horses and were making off. 

Tiiey were pui-sued by capt. Dubois, and a party ot 
men, who overtook them and recovered three horses, 
but did not get sight of an Indian — captain John 
Andre of the rangers volunteered his services lo 
follow them, he went on with 16 or 18 rangers. He 
was also joined by captain Dubois, and Mr. Harron 
your interpreier, together with a Potawatomy Indian 
that resides with Mr. Barron ; they soon discovered 
a trad of horses making out from the settlement, 
which they pursued, and soon overtook a spy that 

was kept in the rear ; they pushed on and dispatch- 
ed him, wlilch g.ive notice lo those in front who left 
their horses ;md fl'd with great precipitation — .md 
from the nature of the country coidd not be follow- 
ed ; they got from this party also 5 horses ; the par- 
ty retunird on the 2d inst. Capt Dubois and -Mr. 
Barron are active men ; captain Andre i.s also a vt ry 
br.ive active and entei'prising man. 1 hope this 
friendly Indian will in future prove serviceable, as 
T am told nothing can exceed his activity in the 
woods partictihud} on a trail. 

Camp Meios, August 4, 1813. 

General orders. Col. Mills, witli a portion of his 
command, as also that of m jo'- Pitzei", having ho- 
nor.ibly served out the period fcir whicii t'hey were 
called into the service of their country ; are hereby 
discharged and permitted lo return to theirrespec- 
tive honit's. Events not within the control of the 
|)resent commander in chief of this army, or of our 
government, has rendei'ed it necessary that the mili- 
tia of the western st.i.tes should compose a consider.a- 
ble portion of the north western army. OIIIO stands 
conspicuous for the great Zealand promjiiness with 
which her citizens have yielded the coinf<)r is of pri- 
vate life, for the toils and privations of the camp, 
III the return of the present detachment of 
tivKips to their fltmilies and iiomes ; it is due to Ohio 
and her sons, to record their honorable services. 

To col. Mills, and major Ihlzer, their staff and re- 
spective commissioned and non-commissioned offi- 
cers and privates, whose term of .service has expired, 
and to whose promptness in discharge of every du- 
ty he has been an e) e witness — the commanding ge- 
neral tenders his sincere thanks. 

Ill their return to domestic life they will be cheer- 
ed by the reflection that they have tolled in a good 
cause — the cause of our country. — Nor wUl ihat 
country be unmindful of those who liave been fore- 
most to avenge iu-r wrongs. 

\\\ order of C. Claj', com. gen. 
J.H. HAWKINS, Aldde camp. 

Head-quarters, Camp Ohio Freemen, U. Sufidushiij 

August 10, 1813 
His excellency the commander m chief, acknow- 
ledges With satisfiction, the ready zeal of the dif- 
ferent corps, wlio have with so much spirit and ala- 
crity marched to the frontiers on the present emer- 
gency, to repel an invading enemy. 

The seige at fort Meigs is abandoned : The airie4 
enemy have again retired. They had the audacity 
to attack our post at Lower Sandusky, and vainly 
attempted to carry it by storm. Hie garrison with 
unusual gallantry have relieved themselves. The 
enemy have learnt wisUMn from tiieir presumption 
and Will not meet mir armies equal in the f-leld 

The invasion which hastened the march of the 
trooi)s to the frontiers, having terminated in a total 
defeat, the commander in chief will retain a por- 
tion under his immediate command, subject to any 
tuture emergency, and improves the first opportu- 
r.lty to distruss anumbisr of the tliflerent corps no\»" 
in service. 

On this, as on all other occasions, they have ex- 
ceeded his expectations, and entitled themselves to 
the honor and gratitude of their country. 

I'or their pat riotic ardor, obedience to orders, and 
continued manif-statidiis of respect, he returns hi.s 
sincere thanks, lie further assures them that they 
will not be called, but to protect their own frontiers, 
and to aid the general government in pursuance of 
the requisitions that may be made for the conunon 
J His excellency orders an honorable, discharge of 



the mounted men in gen. IVfanary's brigade under the 
comni ind of col. D'Uilap. 

Tiiey will dcp.isil their pviblic arms and munitions 
of war with col. .Moses Byxbee, at Delaware, or 
witli the quarter-master-gener;d at Franl^linton. — 
Tiie couti-actors will fanush the necessary supplies 
Oi' provisions on theii- return. 

By order of the cononHnder in chief, 

JESUP N. COUCH, Ald-de-camp- 


HK.VD-Qt:\iiTi;iis, Kingston, Axigusti, 1813. 

By accounts received from ins excellency the ^o- 
veruor und chief und commander of the forces, from 
commodore sir James Yeo, dated off York, -il half 
past one P. M. on ihe lUh insl. the foUowii,^ par 
ticulars have just been tnuisnii ted, of the capture 
and destruction of tuur of tlie eni^niy's armed schou 

On Tuesday evening last, tlie lOtli instant, the 
eivniy's sqiiiulron, under commodore Chainicey, f(ot 
under wuy from their anchorage off tlie mouth of Uie 
Niagara river, and, with a fine breeze from the east- 
wird stood towards our fleet, which was becalmed 
off the port at Twelve -Mile Creek. At sun-set, a 
fine breeze coming off the l.iud, gave us the wind of 
of the enemy, when our .stpiadion stuod for them, 
on wliich they immediately bore away from us un- 
diir as much sail as the schooners could carry to keep 
up with the larger vesssls. The enemy's fleet foi'm- 
•d a long line ; the Pike, Madison, o'neid:i, and six 
sciiooners ; two sclioont- rs being placed to M'indward, 
for the purpose of I'akmg the masts of our squadron, 
as they should come up. At eleven o'clock, got 
wi'hin gun-shot of the schooners, wiien they opened 
a brisk fire, and from their going so fist, it was 
more. than an hour before the Wolf, our headmost 
ship, could pass them. 

At this time the rest of the squadron was between 
two and three miles astern of the Wolf, and on her 
coming up with tiie Madison and Pike, they put 
before the wind and made sail, firing their st«rn 
cliase guns. Sir James Yeo, finding it impossible 
to get the squadron up with the enemy, as the Wolf 
Was the only ship which could keej} up with them, 
made sail between them and *.iie two schooners to 
windward, which he captured and which proved to 
be the Julia and Growler, each mounting one long 
thirty-two and one long twelve pounder. Two of tlie 
enemy's largest schooners, the Scourge of 10 and 
the HamUton of 9 guns, upset on the night of the 
9th inst. in currying sail to keep from our squadron, 
and all on board perished, iu number about d^ie hun- 

By the loss and capture of the two schooners the 
enemy's squadron has been reduced to ten vessels, 
and ours increased to eight. It is ascertained that 
the Pike mounts 28 long 24 pounders, and has a 
complement of 42U men, and that the INIadison 
mounts 22, 32 pound carronades, with 340 men. — 
Nine boat loads of troops were taken on board the 
squadron on Mond.iy, for the purpose it is supposed 
of repelling boarders. 

The Wolfe has not received any material damage, 
and not a man was hurt on board. Tiie prisoners 
were landing from her on the ilth inst. and the da- 
mages of the Growler were repairing. She had losl 
her bowsprit and was otli.-rwise much cut up. 

Notiiing could exceed the eagerness and enthusi- 
asm niaiiiiested by the officers and men serving on 
board our squadron, for a close engagement willi 
tlie enemy, and the only apprehension and regret ex- 
pressed by all were, that their oi)ponents though 
euperior guns and weight of metal, and men, would 
l>e two wajy to afford them the opportunity of ter- 

miuatinf, by a decisive action the contest to ascen- 
dency ot the lake. 


A flag crossed from Ogdensburg to Prescoit on 
Friday last. The commanding ofliicrs politely sent 
the following handijill across : which was handed 
to us for publication. 

Kivgslofi Gasette Office, 5(k Ai/g. 1813. 

The following account of tfie enemj's la'.e visit to 
York is published by authority. 

At 11 o'clock on "Saturd ly morning, the 31st ult. 
the enemy's fleet, consistmg of 12 sail, were seen 
standing iiir llie harbor — about half past 4, the Pike, 
the Madison and Oneida, came to anchor in the ofl- 
ing — the schooners continuing to pass up the harbor 
With their sweeps — iboiit 4 o'clock three of them 
Cime to near the town, and the remainder near the 
garrison, and inunediately afterwards several boats 
full of troops landed at the girnson, and ]5roceeded 
from thence to the town, of which they took posses- 

They then opened t'le jail, liberating the prison- 
ers, and taking three sijldiers coiifiacd for ftlor;}'. 
They then went to ihe hospitals and paroled the few 
men that could not be removed. They next entered 
ti.e stores of mr.jor Allen and Mr. St- George, and 
seized tiie contents, consisting chiefly of flour, the 
same being private property. Between 11 and 12 
o'clock on Saturday night,the three schooviers which 
had aiiciiored abreast ot tiie town, towed out, and it 
was supposed that the ficet would have sailed im- 
mediately — but informal ion having been given by 
some traitors, whose names it is hoped will be dis- 
covered, tliat valuable stores had Ltcn sent up 'lie 
river Don, the schooneis went up the liarboi on Sun- 
day morning, tlie troops were again landed, and 3 
armed boats proceeded up the Don, in search of the 
stores. In consequence however of the very meri- 
torious exertions of a few voungrhen, amongst whom 
were two by the name of Platter, every thing was 
conveyed away, and the boats sunk before the ene- 
my reached tlie place. Two or three boats contain- 
ing trifling articles, which had been hid in the marsh 
were discovered and taken, but In their nicin object, 
the enemy was complettiy disappointed. As soon 
as tlie arnied boats had returned, the troops went OTi 
board, and by sunset both sailors and soldiers had 
evacuated the town, the barracks, wood yard, and 
store houses on Gibraltar Point, having been first 
set on fire by them, and at day tight on the following 
moi-ning, the enemy's fleet saih-d. 

The troops which were landed were acting as ma- 
rines, and .nppeareJ to be all they had on board the 
fleet, and did not exceed 240 men. — They were un- 
der the command of com. Channcey and lieut. col. 
Scott, an exchanged prisoner of war on his parole, 
both of whom landed witii the troops. The town 
uixin the arrival of the enemy was totally defence- 
less, <he militia were still on parole, and the princi- 
pal gentlemen iiad retired from an apprehension of 
being treated with the same severity used towards 
several of the inhabitants near Fort George, who had 
been made prisoners and sent to the United States. 
Lt. col. Battersby, with the troops under his com- 
mand, had upon the first appearance of tfie enemy's 
fleet oH' York on the 29i-h, proceeded from thence 
with his guns to Burlington heighls, wiiereiie had 
joined major Maule, aiul coiioen'. rated his force ou 
the following evening. The enemy had, during ilie 
course of tile day, landed from the fleet i>OU men near 
Rrandt's house, willi an inlenttr)n of stoi-niing the 
heights, which they hoped to cany, but finding maj. 
Mawle well prepared to i-eceive them, and being ap- 
prized of lieut, C')i. Battersby's niaich, they re-em- 
barked and stood awav tor York- 


The plunder obtained by the eneniy upon tliis pre- 
datory expeditian has been indeed trifling-, and tlie 
loss has altogether fallen upon individuiils, tlie pub- 
lic stores of every descriptijju liaving been removed; 
the only prisoners made by them being confined fel- 
ons and invalids in tiie hospital. We are sorry to be 
obliged to observe that there is too much reason to 
believe tliat the enemy was famished \nth exact in- 
formation respecting the movements of -our troops, 
and of tlie state of York and the position at Burling- 
ton heights fj-om traitors amongst ourselves, from 
men too who are holding public .situations in tlio 
country, and whose names, we trust, when correclly 
known, will lead to their conviction and ]}unisiiment, 
smd hold them up to the just detestation of ever\ 
loyal subject of his m.ajesly. 

10 o'clock A. M. — We .slop the press to la\' before 
eur readers tlie British ofiicial account of the cap- 
ture of the public property at Plattsburg : 

Head- Quarters, Kingstnn, Qih.luguat, 1813. 

His excellency the commander of the forces, has 
received from major-general sir Kubert Siioaffe, a 
despatch conveying the official report of lieut. col. 
Murray, detailing the operations of a combined 
movement on lake Cliani])l;<ii<, wliich took jiiace on, 
the 29th July. The objects of tliis service have 
been fully accomplished by the total destruction ol 
all the enemy's arsenals, block houses, barrack.* and 
stores of every description at Plattsburg, Swanton 
and Ciiamplain town, and the extensive barracks at 
Saranack, capable of containing 4G00 men, h.i\e been 
burnt. All navuj, ordnance rnul other stores on tli<- 
west side of the lake, have been destroyed or car- 
ried away. 

His excellency lias received from capt. Everard of 
the royal navy, to wliose prompt ze:doi'.s and able as- 
sistance, his excellency feels highly indebted, are 

Aug. 22. — We are all under arms here — two Bri- 
tish 18 gun brigs came within Port lloyal bar lust 
evening and are now at anchor. 

Endorsed upon the way-bill, received from Well's 
post-office, Beaufort district : 

" Aug. 23.— The British effi'cted a landing o:- 
Hilton Head, (ten miles from Beaufort) with abou! 
100 men }csterda}' morning, and is supposed to be 
prep.'iratory to an attack to-day — I am now on uiv 
way witli a portion of the lOth'regt. 

WM. HUTSON WICG, major commandant. 

Com. Jiodgcrf. It is stated on the authority of a 
gentlemen of Kent island, at whose house admiral 
1Viirre:i. held liis quarters, that he had received :'es- 
patches from Halifax on the 22d uli. which stated 
that com. Hodgers had fallen in with the homeward 
bound Jamaica fleet, destroyed eighteen sail of iliem 
and manned two others (one of them a valuable 
P'.icket) for the United St Ues, both which were re- 
taken the next day, A 90 gun ship ;ind 2 frigates 
had been sent after Iiiiji, and, it was said, thej hud 
inforination of having twice been within 18 hours 
sail of him. 

President imd Congress frigates^— A. letter receiv- 
ed in New York from Carthagena, via St. Bartholo- 
mews', says — "The United States' frigates Presl- 
clent and Congress are off the coast of Carthagena, 
at which place it was reported on the first of Jnly, 
tliat the former had taken the British frigate Tiaese^- 
us, with specie ; and tlie latter tliree British brigs 
from the Brazils, the crews of which had arrived at 
Barbadoes." []T!ie Tlieseus is rated a 74 in Steel's 
list. The Thetis frigate moimts 38 guns which must 
be the ves.sel alluded to.] 

A razee. — We iiavc often heard of the things call- 
ed razees, that the enemy conjured up to retrieve his 

port, informing liim thnt after ]iavingco-!.'])erated in lost honor. The Jiliiji'stic (razee) has arrived at 

the complete acconipl'shment of the service above 
stated, he proceeded with his majesty's .sloops 
JKrooke and Shannon, and a gun-boat to Burlington, 
where he found the enemy's flotilla, superior in 
force, moored under the protection of a lugli bank, 
on v/hich were placed a nnmerous^artillery, sujiport- 
ed by a strong body of regular and other trooj)s, un- 
der major-general Hampton, who was reported to 
have collected all the troops in the vicinity of the 
lake, amounting to about .^OO'"'. 

Capt. Everard proceeded 20 miles above Burling- 
ton, c:jpl'.ired and destro3-ed four vessels within 

sight of til 

enemy's arjiied ships,' when finding that 

they could not be induced to venture from a position 
in which it was impracticable to attack tliem, and 
every object of tlic service being- fully acliieved, he 
returned witli the ai-med vessels to the isle Aux Noix 
on the 14ih inst. — Tiie land forces under lieut. col. 
Miu-ray h.iving aiTived the day preceding-. 


A dj ' itant-General. 

Ertrnct of a letter, dated St. Louis, Jnh; 19. 

"One of oiu'gun boats under lieutenant Campliell 
was attacked u tevv' days ago on the Illinois river by 
a large party, received but little injury — three men 
wounded. They had no camvm to destroy t'.ie Iiu'.inn 
canoes. The boat left tliem after the 3d attack, 
wluch was made by tiie lieut. Our rangers have 
skirmishes every day or tv\o with small parties of 
Indians. Fort Madison has been attacked the se- 
cond time, only 2 men killed and 1 wounded on our 

The enemr/ on the nouthern coast. The follov\ ing 
memorandum (says a Charleston paper of the 25lli 
ult.) was made upon the back of the Beaufort post - 
bill, received by yesterday's southern mail : 

Halifax, prepared for the purpose of fighting the U, 
S. frigates President or Constitution : she carries on 
tlie lower deck 28 32 pounders long guns, 38 421b 
carronades and 2 brasn 12 pounders — by which it 
appears her weight of niet;d is nearly, or quite, dou- 
ble tliat of our heaviest frigates ; and her strength 
is equally proportionate. 

The Ontario Floet.— The Sylph, pierced for 24 
guns, and carrying 20, of the burtlien of 340 tons, 
scliooner rigged, was built and ready for service in 
"ihirly-three days from the siinnp.'" An instance of 
expedition, perliaps, unknown to the history of ship- 
building. She accommpanied the fleet in the cruise 
which comm.enccd on the 21st August. A fine brig 
is also nearly ready for the lake. 

On the 14th of Aug. com, Chaunccy sailed from 
Sackclt's Harbor and fell in with the enemy's squa- 
di-on, of whom, after a good deal of manauvring, he 
got tlie weather g:*ge — the British then bore away, 
,iik1 lie chased them to Kijigston. Our fleet then re- 
turned to port and sailed again on the 21st, tlie 
Svlph in company. But it was thought the enemy 
wiiuhl not gi\e them a chance of the combat so ear» 
nestlj' desired by the officers and crews. 

It is positively stated that the two schooners were 
captured for want of obedience to orders ; perhaps, 
by having too much eagerness to meet tl>e foe. M'c 
are s(n-ry to learn tliat two or three lieutenants have 
tendered Lheir resignations to com. Chattncey, to take 
effect afer the hoped fur Jght with com. Yco ; in con- 
sequence of supposing tliemselves overlooked in the 
late promotions. It is agreed upon, that our gallant 
commodore never yet had the power to bring the 
en(,-my to action — liis vessels, in general,salllng uiucii 
better than ours. The Sylph, however, is a valuable 
auxiliary in the business of catching the foe. The 
British ofHcial statement, as their "officials" gene= 




rally are, is full of arrant falsehoods — see it in page 
11. It seems there was only one man killed on 
board the schooners captured. They carried tog-e- 
ther 8 gims. Those lost, the Hamilton and Scourge, 
mounted, in all, 17 guns. The following is the pre- 
sent comparative statement of the force on the lake : 


General Pike .... 34 

Madison 24 

Sylph 20 

Oneida 18 

Duke of Gloucester* ... 
Gov. Tomkins - . . . 




Fair American - 


Lady of the Lake 

Baven - 

General Wolfe 
I?oyal George 
liarl Moira 
Prince Regent 
General Simcoe 
Seneca - 








- 100 

To these may be added the Growler of 5 guns and 
'.he.lulia of 3 ^uns, captiu-ed from us^ — they also 
have some gim boats, at Kingsto7i. 

The General Pike has her main battery of long 24 
pounders — the Wolfe carries only carronades. 

The British are building a 40 gun frigate at Kings- 
ton, and, as it is said, two sloops of war. They are 
I'eported to be in great ferwardness ; and we antici- 
pate that sir James Lucas Foe, will avoid a bat- 
tle, if possible, until they are finished. It appears 
however, as though thej' may be attacked in the har- 
bor, a land force assisting. 

Chilicothe, Aug. 24. 
Extract of a letter from capt. Jiicliardson, dated 
' headqiiarlers, Senaca Toivns, Ang 18, 1813. 

I am just arrived in camp ; and before the miill 
closes have only time to Inform you, that on the 
morning of the 12th inst. I sailed from Erie, in the 
brig Lawrence, with com. Perry, and arrived ofF bay on the evening of the 15th, together 
with the following vessels : 

Brig Lawrence, commodoie O. II. Perry 20 guns. 

Brig Niagara, captain J. D. Elliot, 20 gims. 

Brig Caledonia, Purser H. Magrath, 3 <lo. 

Schr. Ariel, lieut. John Packet, 3 do. 

Sloop Trippe, lieut. Jos. E. Smith, 1 do. 

Schr. Tygress, lieut. A.C. Conklin, 1 do. 

Schr. Somers, S. M. Almy, 2 do. 

Schr. Scorpion, S. M. St. Champlin, 2 do. 

Schr. Ohio, S. M. Dan'l Dobbins, 1 do. 

Schr. Porcupine, Midshipmnn G. Senat, 1 do. 

Upon our arrival at Sandusky bay a British sail 
was discovered at anchor near one o\ the islands by 
a pilot boat which was sent out. Signal for cliase 
was made immediately, and I discovered that our 
vessels in general sail one third faster than those of 
the enemy. This took place just before sun set. 

and by dark commodore Perry had arrived almost 
within gim-shot of the enemy's schooner : one hour 
more day light, and she would have been captured- 
A very severe storm came on, and for fear oi getting 
the squadron separated we anchored for the night. 
I start at reveillee in the morning to accompany the 
general dov/n to the fleet. 

WASHiNffTox CiTT, Sept. 12. 
Letters have been received from gen. Habbiso^t, 
dated at Seneca Town the head-quarters of the north- 
western army, as late as the 22d u!t. at which time 
all was v/ell. Gen. IIarri.son had just returned froin 
a visit to com. Perry, who had arrived with his fleet, 
10 sail, off Sandusky bay. 

A Savannah paper of August 15, says — We are 
informed by a gentleman in this city, that the Bal- 
timore letter of marque schooner Siro, of 18 gnins, 
is expected to cruise between Charleston and Tybee 
bars, after her short cruise is finished — now nearly 

CoNTHASTs. — Admiral Coc^fiwrre stole a coach from 
a private individual at Hanre de Grace, a defenceless 
and unoffending village. Captain Bainbridge gave up 
to lieut. gen. Hydop, all his private property, among 
it a valuable box of plate, fairly won in fight with 
Java frigate. Decatur gave to capt. Car den of the 
Macedonian, all things he claimed as his own ; and 
among them several casks of fine wine — the dying 
iMiurence was refused a drop of that which belong- 
ed to his private stores ! The barbarians ! — See 

page 5. 

The British cartel brig Agnes, that had been de- 
tained some days at Portland by the marshal, escap- 
ed on the night of the 18lh ult. the extreme dai-k- 
ness of which did not, however, prevent the fort 
from saluting her, and several shot are supposed to 
have told, but she got off. The cause of this singu- 
lar procedure is unexplained. One report says that 
she was detained in consequence of information hav- 
ing been given to the marshals of the U. States that 
a certain British officer had broken his parole ; and 
that they were looking for liim. 

Several British vessels of war were in sight from 
Salem, on the 25th ult. They had captured some 
small craft. 

The Anaconda, late a privateer, captured by the 
British in North Carolina, is fitted out and commis- 
sioned by the enemy. It is said she fonns a pai-t of 
the squadron in the Chesapeake. 

The British, from two brigs, landed on Deioees^ 
island, on the coast of South Carolina, where tliev 

* We understand tliat this vessel is now called the 
York. She was fitted out, but found too weak to 
carry heavy guns, and is dismantled. Her rate was 
10 guns. 

committed all possible depredation on the property 
of the inhabitants, leaving them destitute of every 
necessary, destroying what they could not carry 
aWay, though they did not burn the houses. 

J\orf(j/h, A-iig. 27. — On Tuesday last a party of 
men from the Plaiitagenet, 74, and another from the 
Dotterel, (18 gun brig) captain Darnel, went ashore 
on Cupe Henry beacli to liaul the seine, when six of 
the latt'/r and one of the former, pretending to catch 
some pigs that were feeding in the bushes, took t<9 
their heels and made off. They were fallen in with 
by a guard of our militia who conducted them to 
town. Their reason for deserting, they stated, with- 
out any hesiiation, to be, their abhorrence of the 
practice of in.prcssnient, for which they were com- 
pelled to fight against a nation who were opposing it, 
Ihese men s.iy that the neutral vessels that have 
passed out to sea, supplied the squadron with news- 
papers, snioking from the jjrwss, and every other 11- 
forniatioii they could obtain relative to our strength, 
dispositions of force, 8cc. and that they were occa- 
sionally supplied with all the delicacies of the se:.- 
Ison, by small vessels that came oF for the purpose. 


One of these petty tr.itors, after lie had sold liis car- mage to the DecatHr, than some triflinj^ injury to 

go at eiionniiis prices, cit severrd holes in liis main- tlie rij^ging-. After having answered her bv a shot 

sail, to shew when he went home, tHai he ij id been fr-jm our 18 pounder, the captain of the Decatur oi- 

fii-ed at and compelled (sorely ag'iinst liis will!) to 

go along'-side of one of the enenvy's ships. They 

fiu'ther stite that the two 74's and two frig-ates 

Wliich came down the bai, , went to sea, and, as they 

learnt, were !>;)und to JI:difix to brin^- provisions to 

the Chesapeake squidron ; and thai a 74 and a frig'ale 

cnme in about the same time and went up 'he bay- 

T!i« whole force below consists of the Plantagenet, 

Dotterel and a tender. 

Extract of a letter fro7ii capt. John If. Dent, com- 
mandinir naval oflicer at Churkitan, fS. C.J dated 
.insrusi 21y 1812. 

«• Sin — I have t!ie honor to inform you that the pri- 
vateer schooner Decatur, of tiiis pcirt, arrived here 
yesterday, willi H. B. M. schooner Doni.nica, her 

She was captured on the IJth inst. after a most 
gall.ant and desperate action of one hour, antl carri- 
ed by boarding-, having all her officers kdled or 
wounded except one midshipman. The 1) jminica 
mounts 15 guns, one a 33-pounder on a pivot, and 
had a complement of 8i>men at tlie commencemeni 
of the action, sixty of ^yliom were killed or wound- 

She was one of the best equipp ul and manned 
vessels of her class I fi .ve evei- se.»n Tii ; Decatii- 
miunts seven guns, and had a coai,);,;t of 1J3 
men .tt the coninencemeni. o,' uhe .^ctim, nineteen 
of whom were kided anil wo mded. 

" I have the honor to oe With the ,^re itest respect, 
yo'ir most obe lien servant, JOilN il. DEXT. 

"Hon. Wn. Joxes, 
Sscretarif of the navy. 

Charlestov, August 21. 

dered every one to his post, in order to carry her 
by boarding when the necessary preparations were 
made for that purpose ; it was now about three-quar- 
ters past 2, the distance about pistol shot — the crew 
of the Decatui^ having cheered preparatory to board- 
ing, our tire of niusquetry commenced and was 
very well kept up ; the enemy bearing away in or- 
der to avoid tlie boarding, seized the opportunity to 
fire a broadside into us, which killed two of our men 
and otiierwise materially injured our rigging and 
sails. Tlie Decatur continued to follow tip the ma- 
noeuvres of the enemy, endeavored again to board 
her, whicli slie once more avoided and fired another 
broadside. The captain of the Decatur h:ivmg or- 
dered the drum to beat the charge, the crew cried 
out to board. At that moment endeavored again to 
l)oard her, which the enemy could no longer resist, 
and which was effected by passing into her stern 
over our bowsprit, our jibboom running into her 
mains;til. It was now half past 3— the fire from the 
artillery and musquetry was terrible, and well sup- 
ported on both sides. Tlie enemy not being able to 
disengage himself, dropped alongside ; and it was 
in this posttion that Diron ordered his whole 
crew to board, armed witli ])istols, sabres, &c. which 
order was executed witli the promptness of light- 
ning— Mr. Vincent S.ififth, 1st prize-master, and 
quarter-master Thomas Wasborn, were the two 
first on board of the enemy ; in doing which the 
prize-master received three woimds ; the crew of 
the eriemy fought witli as much courage and brave- 
ry as tiiat of the Decatur did with valor and intre- 
pidity. Fire-arms now became useless, and the 
crews were figiiting hand to hand ^Vlth cutlasses, 
.md throwing cold sliot ; when the captain of the 
enemy and the principle officers being killed, the 
Selation of the b.attle between the Americ in priva-l deck covered with dead and wounded, the En- 
teer Decatur, armed with six 12!b cuTonades, IglJsh cohn-s were hauled down by the conquerors, 
and one 18 pounder on a pivot, with 103 men, I In consequence of the orders given by the cap- 
commanded by captain Do-iiNiaiTF, Dino.v ; and j tain of the Decatur, the vessels were then sepa- 
H. B. M. schooner /Jo/Hmca, of twelve 121b carron-t rated, the riggmg and the sads being in the worst 

sta'^e possible. 

During the combat, which lasted an hour, the 
Ki:ig's Packet Princess Charlotte, remained a sdent 
spectator of the scene, and as soon as the vi-ssels 
were disengaged from each other she tacked about 
and stood to the southward. She had sailed from 
St. Thomas, bound to England, under convoy, to a 
certain lattiiude, of the D:)minic;». 

Killed and -wounded on board the Decatur. 
Killed 4 — wounded 16 — one of whom (the carpen- 
ter) since dead. 

On board the Dumhiica. 
Killed, 13 — wounded, 47 — 5 of whom are since 
dead of their wounds. — Total killed and wounded, 
60. — Among the killed are G. W. Barrette, com- 
mander ; Mr. J. Sacker, muster ; Mr. D. B -own, 
purser; Mr. Archer and Mr Parry, midshipmen — 
wounded, Mr. J. Nichols, midshipman. The sur- 
geon and one midshipman were the only officers on who were not killed or wounded. The lieut. 
was on shore, sick. 

Remarks of the Charleston Courier. 
From tlie above statement it would appear that 
this eng^gr-ment has been the most blooiy, and the 
loss in killed and wounded on the part of tlie cniiny, 
in proportion to the number engaged, perh :ps the 
greatest to be found in the record:5 of naval warfare. 
Tiie surviving ofBcers of tlie Dominica attribute 
the loss Of their vessel to the superior •kill of the 
Decatur's crew in the use of musquetry, and th« 
muiterly manceuvcring of that vessel, by wliioli theif 

ades, two long 6's, one brass 4 ib. and one 32db. 

carronade on a pivot, with 88 men, comm.m i,e 1 

by lieut. Geohge Wilmot BAiiaiiTTE — carried by 


On the 5th of August, 1813, lat. 23, 4 north 
Jong. — , standing north — at half past ten in the 
morning, tlie man at the m ist head dir.covered two 
sail to the southward — at 11 these vessels were as- 
certained to be a ship and a schooner — ,.t h df pisi 
11, went about and st.Kid '.owa.ds them, in order to 
reconnoitre — at h ilf past 12 found ourseivos abreast 
af the schooner, which hoisted E.i,.^lish colours ; at 
1, the Decatur wore round; half an liour after the 
schooner fired a shot, without effect ; the cap' am 
tlien gave orders to prep.ire every thing for action, 
to load all the cannon and musquetry, to have the 
gripplings, swoi'ds, Stc. and having jn-evlously got 
Hp the necessary amnuinition, water &c. from be- 
lovv, ordered the iiatches to be fastened down. — Ai 
2 o'clock, the schooner having wore ship In order to 
take the schooner abaft, she tired another shot and 
passed over us ; at a quarter past 2 we firjd our 
large gun and hoisted American colors at the pe.\k ; 
we fired oi>r piece a second and third time ; which 
she answered by firing two guns from he^" battery ; 
our distance was now about half gun shot , it was 
now half past two o'clock ; the schooner evinced a 
desire to bear away ; observing liiis the Decatur 
hauled upon the larboard tack, in order to present 
ber bow to the enemy ; lL> minutes after the enemy 
Si-cJ A wlivlc L»iAiai-Lide, whicli c-ussd no other da- 



cnrriape guns were rendered entirely useless, dpt. 
B AUK LITE was a young man, of not more than 25 
^■>eurh of ag(- ; he hud been wounded early in the ac- 
tion by two musket balls in the left arm, but he 
fought till tlic last moment, refusing to surrender 
his vessel, although he was urged by the few survi- 
vors of hiscr^w to do so; declaring his determina- 
tion not to survive her loss. C)ne of the lieutenants 
of the Decatur received a severe s:ibre wound in the 
hand from capt. B. a few moments before he fell. — 
C :4)t. DrnoN is a Frenchman, and most of the officers 
and crew of his vessel are his counir\ men ; they 
have done themselves immortal honor by tiieir liu- 
manity and attention towards their prisoners after 
victory, which are spoken of in high terms of ap- 
probation, by the surviving officers of the enemy's 

The crew of the Dominica, with the exception of 
8 or 10 bovs, were hne looking yeung men ; but to 

harbor having heen cleared, of the enemy's ships 
;.nd b.'.rges, by the dread of torpedoes or commodore 
Deeatvd's boats. Some large gallies or barges, to 
C:irry heavy gtins, are building at »'\ew London to 
cruise in the Sound, and meet the barges of the 


The enemy remains inactive in the Deh-care, 
where his force consists only of a frigate and two or 
tluee smaller vessel. 


Bv accoun sfrom tl)!.- E.iSiern shore of Maryland, 
it appears that sir Juh?i B. Warren had an electio»- 
eering- as well as a military object. We arc assured 
that tlte officers of distinction talked much of tlicir 
love of peace ; advising the people, most pointedly, 
to elect siic'i men as would seek it of England. The 
rtmiv.bie deplored the mmatural war, at- 
tributing it to *• French injhience," &c. and swearing 

them in the mangled state in which they arrived vengeance at Baltimore us the fountain of opposition 


was enough to freeze the blood of one not accus 

tomed to such sights, with horror. Among her crew 

is a small bov, not eleven years old, who was twice 

wounded, while contending for victory upon her 


The Dominica is the vessel that captured the pri- 
vateer schooner Providence, of Rhode-Island, some 
months since, in the West-Indies ; and it was re- 
marked to us by one of her officers, as she was com- 
ing up the harbor yesterday, that the American en- 
sign and pennant which were then flying over those 
of Britain, were the ones which belonged to the 
Providence when captured by tliem. 

Ttio day after capturing the schr. the Decatur fell 
in with, and ca])tured without any action, the Bri- 
tish ship London Trader, from Surinam bound to 
I^ondon, with ;< cargo consisting of 209 hhds. of 
sugar, 140 tierces of melasses, 55 hhds. rum, TOC 
bags coflee, abotit 50 or 60 bales cotton, and some 
other articles. She ancliored in five fathom hole 

There never w:is a greater Instance of good for- 
tune than tl\at experienced by these vessels, in the 
moment of tlieir arrival on the coast — had they got 
here one day sooner, tl-iey would have stood a great 
chiuice to havef:>llen into the hands of the enemj's 
brigs, which iiad been cruising some time oft liere, 
and vvhich had passed the bar and stood to the south- 
ward, witli the wind at >-. t. oii Thursday morning. 
The Decatur, with her prizes, made tlie land near 

to his government. We have heard those tilings m 
so many ways, that we cpnnot refuse implicit credit 
to them. As facts, they ought to be remembered- 
Like the locusts of Asia, "w hose browsing may be 
heard a great distance hke an army foraging," the 
enemy iiave left Ji'f?)M»iaMd naked and bare. The 
whole moveable property of the people (that of a 
favored few expected) was consumed and wasted v.t 
wantonly destro) ed. The poorer classes of the peo- 
ple are destitute of every thing ; without a mouthful 
of provisions or an article of furniture or clothing, 
save what they had on their backs. The destruction 
has no parallel in the events of latter times, but in 
the proceedings of the same barbarians in India. — 
The beds of the people were uniformly ripped open, 
and the feathers scattered to the winds — and their 
bedsteads, looking-glasses, clocks, bureaus. Sic. &c. 
broke or hacked to pieces. This island furnished 
Baltimore, Annapolis, &c. with great quantities of 
poultry, but it is said tlie stock is literally extermi- 
nated; and of horned cattle, slieep or hogs, none re- 
main but a few solitary animals, venerable for their 
years, to shew liow things once were ! — A'ent Island 
is fertile, and before the late invasion contained from 
100 to 120 families. 

liiJlebarrcUed cannon. — The enemy officers, iij 
our bay, on many occasions, have exprfessed their 
astonlshn.ent at the piTcision with wliich the Ame- 
ricans use their great guns and small arms. They 
>peik of the discharges from Craney Island with 
(leorgetown on the same day, and rnniiing down the I wonder ; dtcl'.iring they never before witnessed such 

coast that night, were directly ofl'the bar vesterdij 

Copy of u letter from capt. Blakely,frjnvurdt'.d by capt. 
Hull to the navy department. 

United States brig Enterprlze, 

Portsmouth, N. H. 20th Aug. 1813. 

SiH— T have the honor to report to you the capture 

•f the British privateer schooner the Fly, she was 

captured yesterday afternoon off cape Porpoise after 

a chase of eight liours. 

Very respectfully, &c. 
(signed) ■ J. 15LAKELY. 

Isaac Hflt., esq. commanding 
U. S. Naval forces on the eastern 

station, Portsmouth, New H.^mpshire. 


The blockading squadron on the 2-itli ult. consist- 
ed of 4 74's, 1 frigate, and 2 sm.H^r vessels. Com. 
Hardy is remuvtd iioin tliat station and the com- 
TO .nd devolves on capt. Oii\er, of the Valiant. A 
Ni wYoik paper oS' the 30th s.^s, lliat on tlu da 
preced ng a smail flee t ( f co: sters and lishermei. had 
Vrived tliere from New London, the entrance of liic 

dre:.dful efitcts ; and think it very strange that % 
large portion of their men, killed in the predatory 
excursions, have come to their death by woimds in 
the head, " past all surgery." 

Two regiments of Baltimore county militia yet 
remain encampesl on tl.e lieiglits near the city ; they 
have made excellent progress in discipline. The 
additional works fur the deience of the place arc 
prosecuted with unceasing activity. The flotilla of 
barges and gun-boats, under commodore Burne^^ 
will be a very respectable establishnient. 
I Progress of tite enemy. — The British, in ffy-three 
barges. Went to attack St. Michaels on the morninjj 
of the 26di, and then — went back again ; after steal- 
ing a Utile as usual. About 700 hardy fellows were 
prepared to give them a yankte reception. Tlie 
d©s;rtion of their men, for many have come in and, 
it It said, nearly 100 left them in this expedition, 
ni;',y have hastened their departure. (QIjTo a sort 
of a mutiny, or pretty general determination of thf 
troops to djS' rt, while in Kent Island, which in so.iJ 
to liave Van discovered to general Bech-uith by a 
" well incliuiiil" citiaen of the island, to whom tiie 
Englishmen iiad trastetl their secret, supposing *! 


safe, is also attributed their leaving' that plsce. If 
tills be true, we shall hear itioi'e of it.] After tlie 
exjDedition against St. Midiaels was given up, the 
wliole fleet went down tlie bay. They were supposed 
to be below the Poioimic on the S'Oth, proceeding 
towards tlie sea, one or two vessels excepted, sus- 
pected of being in the " slave trade." 

American Prizes. 


"The winds and seas are Britain's wide domain, 
"And not a sail, but hy permutsion spreads !" 

British Naval Register. 

518."Hi5 majesty's" schr. DoTninica,15 guns and 88 
men, captured by the privateer Decatur of Charles- 
ton, of 7 guns and 103 men, after a desperate ac- 
tion. See the account, page 14. The Dominica 
has arrived at Charlestnn. 

519. .SI lip London trader, 2 guns, from Surrinam 
for London, sent into ditto by ditto, laden with 209 
lihds, sugar, 140 tierces of molasses, 55 hhds. rum, 
700 bags coffee, 50 or 60 bales of cotton, aiul some 
other articles. It may be here worthy to remark, 
that the late act of congress reducing the duty on 
prJ2e goods, acts as a bounty on this cargo, as fol- 
lows — say 

209 hhds. sugar, 12 cwt. each, 2§ cents 

per lb. <f 6,220 

740 tierces molasses — 100 gallons each, 

5 cents per gallon .... 700 
55 hhds. rum — 115 galls, do. 28 cents, pr. g. 1,771 
700 bags of coffee— 120 lbs. each, 5 cents 4,200 
Three cents per lb. might also be estimat- 
ed upon cotton ; but as it goes to a bad 
market, we shall not take it into the 

JVhole reduction of duties, or bounty for the 
capture ^12,891 

S'2{i, 521, 522, 523, 524. Brigs Good Intent, Ve 
vHis, Happy, barqtie Reprisal, and schooner Eliza- 
beth, captured by the Snap-Dragon, of North Caro- 
lina and destroyed or given up. Tlie privateer when 
last seen, had in company the brig Ann, from Eng- 
land for Nova Scotia, with a full cargo of cloths, 
cassimeres, &c. valued at $5{}0,()Q(}. 

525. Privateer Fly, J?uns, captured by the 

U. S. brig Enterpnze, and sent into Portsmouth. 

d^ T/ie Yankee^ s cruize. M;iy 20, left Newport. 
May 23, re-took brig William, (re-cap.) SOth, took 
brig Thames, 14 guns, worth i? 180,000 dollars, ar- 
rived, see no. 452. June 22, in with Ireland, 
took the cutter sloop Earl Camden, valued at 10,000 
dollars — ordered for France. 'SOlh, took brig Eliza- 
beth, 2 guns, laden with cotton, valued at ^40,000 — 
ordered for France. Same day, took brig Watson, 
with cotton, valued at #70,U0U— ordered for France. 
July 1, took schooner Ceres, her valuables removed, 
and given up to release the prisoners on p.arole. 
ZnA, Ireland in sight, took brig Mariner, laden with 
rum, sugar. Sec. worth ^70,000— ordered lier for 
France. 23d, after many fruitless attempts to mani- 
fast her friendly character, the Yunkee engaged, and 
soon captured the Spanish ship New Constitution, 
of six 42 pounders and two 12'a — overhauled her pa- 
pers and permitted lier to proceed. Boarded several 
other Spanish and Swedish vessels, and arrived at 
Providence, R. 1. August 19. M'e have yet to learn 
the fate of her vahuibie prizes ordered for France. 
The Yankee had not a man killed or wounded dur- 
.iig her cruise. 

526. Schooner Ceres, captured by the Yankee, as 

527. Barque Henrietta, sent into Beaufort, N. C 
by the Snap Dragon, of Newbern. 

528. Brig Ann, — with a cargo of dry- 
goods, wortli ^^500,000, captured by the Snap Dra- 
gon, and the most vuluable part of the cargo takea 
on board the privateer, which has safelv arrived at 
Beaufort. I'he brig and one other prize taken by the 
S. Dragon, is yet to be heard of. 



Within a few years past v;e have had manj'^ sorts of 
" Patriots" — Spanish patriots — Portuguese patriots 
— Prussian patriots — Russian patriots — Turkish pa- 
triots — and Cessack patriots. One other kind of pa- 
triots Wds yet wanting, and we find thejn (where all 
"PATRioTisivi" F1K.ST BEoiNs) iu a J^rjudoii ministeri- 
al paper— theyare SAVAGE "PATRIOTS"— Speak- 
ing of the Indians, it says — "with patriotism that 
" would do honor to men who pretend to be more 
"enlightened, they joined the tomahawk and tlie 
"scal])lng khlfe to the bayonet and sword, and 
" swelled the British shout of victory with the yell 
" of the Indian war whoop P' 

Now these patriots are just like all other "patriots" 

of British or anglo -American manufacture and 

mads in the same waj', by purchase. If tlie British 
iiad not tempted the savages by the price of six dol- 
lars for every scalp, whether of 7nan, woman or 
CHILD, they would have been quiet. 


We have a report that appears entitled to credit, 
that 7000 Swedish troops are expected in the West 
Indies, to make neutral islands of Guaduloupe, and 
St. Martins, and their dependencies ; those islands 
being ceded to Sweden by the British. 

A'Shwk, nearly nine feet long and weighing about 
500 pounds, was taken in Fly -market-slip, N. Y'ork, 
last week. 


Cop7/ of a letter from capt. John H. Dent, commanding 

officer at Cliarleston, fS. C.J dated Au^ist 26, 


" Sir — I have the honor to acquaint you, that I 
received a letter express last night from Mr. Jen- 
kins, commanding the St. Helena militia, stating that 
the enemy's two brigs, Colll^ri and Charybdls, got 
underway on Monday morning, with an Intention of 
proceeding to sea, when the wind shifted to the 
eastward • and in attempting to beat over the bar, 
one of them (supposed to be the Colibri) grounded 
on Cold Scar^Reef, and In a short time after bilged 
and became a complete wreck. 

The crew was taken off' by the other, which now 
lies about 5 miles from Bay Point, waiting a wind to 
proceed to sea. 

Major Jenkins states that they landed twice at 
the plantation of Mr. Pope's and took one of his 
large canoe off, with some provisions. 

ft appeai-s their object in entering Port Royal was 
principally to sound the bar, find roadstead, which 
they have effected, as their boats were seen in that 
service tiie whole time they were at anchor. 

The officers wlio delivered major Jenkins' letter 
further states, that the wreck li.^d entirely gone to 
pieces, and a great part drifted on shore— among- 
which are her boats and the stolen canoe. 

" I have the honor to be, with great respect, vour 
most obedient servant. JOHN H. DENT. 

" Hon. Wm. Jones f secretary of tlie uavi." 




>;o. 2 OF VOL. 


lULTIMOUE, SATURDAY, SErTi;MBEn 11, 1313. [wholk no. 105. 

Hxc olim memihisse juvabit. — ViUGii,. 

Printed and published by II. Niles, Soutli-st. next door to the Mercharits' Coflle House, :j.L vS 5 per anmmu 

Law of U. S. — Direct Tax. 

[Tiiis law, either for present information or general 
reference, is impprtant. We have inserted the 
several sums levied, in fi^-ures instead of letters, 
as well for the suite of easier comparison, as to 
save room.] 

An act to lay and collect a direct tax within tlie 
United Slates. 
£e it enacted bt/ the senate and house of represciita- 
tive-i of the United States of Jlmerica in coii.vre.':s as- 
sembled, That a direct tax of three millions of dol- 
lars sliall he and is hereby laid upon the U. Slates, 
and apportioned to the states respectively, in ihe 
manner following : 

III the state of Co?ineciii;'ut. 






Hols. Cts 
19,065 72 
18,810 5U 
16,723 10 
19,603 2 


III the state cf J\'exu- Yoi'k. 

T)ols. CVs. CIIVNTiES. 


STATES. Dols. Cts. 

N. Hampshire 96,793 37 
Massachusetts3 16,270 98 
Rhode-Island 34,702 IS 
Connecticut 118,167 71 
Vermont 98,343 71 

New-York 430,141 62 
New-Jersey l0&,871 83 
Pennsylvania 565,479 16 







N. Carolina 


S. Carolina 


32,046 25 (Louisiana 

Dols. Cts. 
151,623 94 
369,018 44 
168,928 76 
104,150 14 
220,238 28 
110,086 55 
151,905 48 
94,936 49 
28,295 11 

Cily£:coun-^ 100 o-,o 

tyof N. Y.5^'^-''-^^ 

West Chester 13,120 


Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That the quotas 
or portions payable by the states respectively shall 
be laid and apportioned on the several counties and 
stale districts of the said states, as defined with re- 
bpect to the boundaries of the said counties and state 
districts by an act, entitled "An act for the assess- 
ment and collection of direct taxes and internal du- 
ties," in the manner following : 

In the state of A'ccti-JIanipshire, 





Dols. C< 6-. 'counties 

25,298 89 
17,698 66 
20,219 16, 






In the state of Massachn.selts. 

Dols. CVs.lcOUNTlES. 

2,623 59.Vorfolk, 

9,190 65 


9,696 52 

3,504 63 

5,559 60 

15,787 99 

14,165 3 

41,643 1 

26,4.-33 45 

43,676 83 








Franklin ' 



Dols. Cts. 

19,318 3 

11,910 43 

2,348 20 

Dols. Cts. 

15,629 88 

14,478 67 

14.469 16 

6,553 " 

1,173 33 

4,924 3\ 

30,171 71 



























15,651 62 



























Delaware • 

In the state of JVexv-Jersey. 

Dols. Cts 
7,027 30 
9,909 8 
7,233 28 







Cupe May 






Oi' leans 






In the state of Vermont. 

Dols. Cts. 
11,867 8.) 
15,542 32 
11,784 5 

7,643 84' 

2,128 If) 

1,197 96( 

In the state of Rhode-IslanJ. 





(iraiid Isle 




Dols. Ctt 






Dols. Cts. 
8,390 12 
14,036 89 
10,079 11 
J,55J 27 
5,890 40 
8,229 70 

Dols. Cts. 

?>39.'r 18 


City of Piii- 7 
ladelpiua 3 















8,818 29 ( 
12,251 78 
In the state of Pennsylvania. 

Dols. Cts. COUNTIES. 

Dols. Cts. 
13,392 4 

9,064 20 
14,524 38 

6,984 69 

Dols. Cts. 























Dols. Cts. 

11,929 36 
8,823 63 

10,204 1:J 
4,357 16 
6,528 17 
1,584 .41 









Doh. Ct9. 




Noiliiumberland 7,5^0 











Indiaiia and^ 
Jeifl rson 3 
Hotter C 
M'Kean y 
Luzerne, hav-"^ 

Ing the same 

limits as bc- 

ibrii tlie f;)r- 


counties of I 

Susquehanna j 

& i?radfl)rd. J 

ing the same 

limits as be- 

tui-e the tor- ^2;5aO 

mation of the ' 


t K720 



3C9 16 


Venango '> 
Waiveii 5 

iJo's. Cts 







4,213 94 







Queen Anne 
City & conn-' 
ty of Bait. [ 












Green Briar 


C ibell 








Pen lleton 






















Prince Edward 4,414 50 
Cumberland 4,715 50 
Amelia 5,002 50 


In t.'.e state of Deluvaie. 
Do/n. Cts. uorxTY. 
12,208 S Sussex 
10,082 7 

III the state nf Jlfwt/hmd. 


Anne Arundle 

Prince George 


St. iM.ry 






Doh. Cts. 
9,156 6 

Dots. Cts. 




In the state of JVorth Carolina. 

Ill tlie state nf Vir^nia. 
town of Pc- ' 
Prince (iebrge 
I r.jcenville 

I Southampton 

Isle of Wight 

I')oJs. Cts. 

.8,192 50 

2,988 50 
2,635 50 
3,945 50 
4,656 50 
2.244 50 
2,688 50 
3,203 50 

Couuiy and bo-") 
rough of Nor- ^9,857 50 
folk 3 

Princess Anne 2,417 50 

Kiiz^beth City 


IJols. Cts. 

r^47 5(- 
1,894 5.; 

233 5\) 
1,538 50 
3,114 50 
1,312 50 

540 50 
1,030 50 
1,650 44 
2,167 50 
1,546 50 
1,130 50 
5,465 50 

2,672 5!J!Yo,k 
l,o38 50|j.^pg (-jjt 

2.992 50}x.,w-Kent 
1,907 50|churles City 
1,195 5UjiJeiirico 
2,305 50Goocliland 
Amhei'st ■> 
Nelson 3 

1,428 50 
2,126 50 
3,795 50 
3,391 50 
6,739 50 
6,162 50 
5,978 50 
11,876 50 

13,022 50 

5,253 SO 
770 50 
1.304 50 
2,004 50 
3,852 50 
4,U90 50 
4,363 50 
6,786 50 
6,865 50 
3,821 50 
4,879 50 
4,322 50 

839 50 
855 50 
1,373 50 
1,525 50 
2,687 50 
2,154 50 
8,050 50 
4.,555 50 
6,049 50 


9,497 50 
2,131 50 
5,21.6 50 
4,247 50 
8,692 50 
8,940 50 












































Bols. Cts. 
2,204 86 
2,462 95 
3,493 96 
2,170 85 
•2,134 20 
2,642 70 
2,956 13 
5,267 2? 
2,335 12 
6,760 88 
7,720 97 
1,391 48 
2,386 65 
3,496 42 
6,066 89 
2,824 65 
1,645 94 
5,557 65 
1,373 12 
2,2.33 7y 
2,178 90 
3,263 15 
3,034 35 
4,576 95 
2,988 33 
6,444 39 
2,234 11 
5,525 00 
6,690 11 
3,237 71 


S '.mpson 































Ii the state of Ohio. 

iJoUs. Cls 

3,817 49 

875 21 

491 31 

401 3; 

812 61 

1,517 14 

691 72 

1,573 90 

405 88 

400 3 

Colinnbiana & > ~ co^r j-, 
.«st.„.i, p,687 42 


1,988 42 
2,099 14 

412 27 
789 13 




Trumbull and '} 
Asiitabulia 5 

IMIs. Cti: 
2,951 39' 
1,983 68 
2.702 83 
1,235 16 
5,638 8<1. 
3,323 14 
4,337 83 
5,652 65 

5.463 6,5 
2,645 70 
2,860 48 

806 18 
2,764 92 
3,917 53 
3,397 81 
1,807 28 

724 34 
3,812 61 
2,875 3 
2,383 39 
2,792 27 
2,397 92 
7,366 50 
6,443 54 
2,851 57 
3,962 47 
4,067 99 
4,491 66 
3,842 38 
8,872 13 
2,764 95 

Dolls. Cts. 

1,547 49 

1,202 85 

1,171 41 

1,433 41 

1,697 88 

2,875 79 

421 10 

256 52 

1,357 12 

272 3 

502 57 

1.464 65 
852 21 
518 54 

237 44Fairfieli 


2,270 4 

1,924 61 
283 15 

AV'hicI) several quotas on the counties of the stale 

Prince William 5,251 50i<>f Ohio are exclusive ot the taxes on lands lying in 

the said counties respectively, and owned by persons 
not residing in the slate. 

And on lands owned by persons not residing in 
the state, 61,529 dol. 91 cts. 







Iving (icorrre 

3,579 50 
8,130 50 
6,354 50 
6,260 50 
4,425 50 
7,104 50 
2,736 50 
3,514 50 
2,624 50 

Norlhuriibcriand3,tJi6 50 
Lancaster 1,954 50 

King AVilliam 3,4:)4 50 
King and Uueen 2,860 .50 

1)1 the state of Kentucky, 

Fssex 2,336 50 

.Middlesex • 1,941 50 

<.louce*^ter 3,397 50 

.Matthews 1,611 50 

3,899 50|Accomac 5,139 50 

6,4-10 50,Nort]iumptQn 3,107 50 















JJols. Cts. 

4,816 80 

354 12 

2,658 95 

1,212 92 

2.448 89 
874 96 
605 61, 

14,585 2b 
3,305 97 
4,707 30 

4.449 37 
2,943 10 

721 60 















DoUs. Cts. 
1,359 44 
1,089 31 
1,146 3 
4,691 16 
7,174 26 



1,235 3 

657 64 
1,361 89 
1,397 58 
3,476 1 

972 11 


















1,263 25|niillitt 
1,236 eoJefTerson 
1,302 96JFIenry 
915 90|Slielby 



















1,019 43 
8,635 88 
2,003 71 
5,431 10 
3,852 68 

560 55 
;i,313 22 
1,262 82 
1,343 6 
1,808 68 

701 20 
2,383 56 
5,104 98 
3,858 40 
2,544 94 

"Which several quotas on the counties of the state 
of Kentucky are exclusively of the taxes on lands ly- 
ing on said counties respectively and owned by per- 
sons not residing within the state. 

And on lands o\vi»cd by persons not residing with- 
in the state. 18,493 dollars 51 cents. 

The a^sessm nt on and diitribudon among the 
said lairds, of which sum shall be made any provision 
in any law to the contrary notwithstanding by the 
assessor of that district in the said state, which in- 
cludes the town of Frankford, from the list of said 
lands, as entered for the payment of taxes with the 
auditor of public accounts of the state of Kentucky, 
in the year 1811, and from such other information as 
he may be able to obtain ; ami on failure to pay the 
said tax in the manner provided by tiie laws of the 
laws of the United States, the sale of the said lands 
being previously advertised according to said laws, 
shall be made by the collector of that district, which 
Micludes the said town at the capitol therein. 











I Jefferson 



Jn the state 

Dolh. Cts. 

19,315 35 














2,565 5 

670 16 

3,766 42 

2,335 1! 

4.019 7 

of Georgia. 







Ogle thorp 






D(,!t, Cfs, 
3,712 52 




Wilkinson ?i 

I'aklw in 

Randolph'now ') 
er 3 

569 33 



St. Bernard 


Charles " 

St. Jahn the Bap 

St. James 



called Jasp 
On the state of Lo^iidana, 
Dolls. Cts. pahisuks. 

2,750 73 

2,508 49 


In the State ofSotith Carolina 


DoHs. Cts 


Dolls. Cls. 






12,989 27 




15,420 73 
































1,405 48 
















Jn the state c 

/ Tennessee. 



JDolls. Cts. 


Bolls. Cts. 


























3,200 75 




2,353 17 


































2,058 38 













10,657 55 
236 40 
oi o lb 

Dolls. Ctn. 

St. Helena 

351 10 

Sl- Tamniiaiy 

236 40 

Foint Coupee 

1,799 22 


508 83 


191 60 


831 7Q 


1,009 48 

Vvo\ ells 

214 88 


141 80 


1,079 45 

St. Landi-ey 

1,201 4 

St. Martin 

1,003 13 

St. M u-y 

589 15 

La Fourche, inter. 452 

Ibberville 580 50 

West U.iton Rougc385 51 
Feliciana 1,383 41 

E. Baton Rouge 1,154 

Sec. 3. .Ind be it further enacted, That the amount 
of taxes wkich by virtue of the provisions of the 
act for the assessrneat and c llection of direct taxe:i 
and uuernul duties, and of this act, should be laid 
.md collected on nun-residenis' hinds, so called, in 
the state of Kentucky and Ohio shall be ascertained 
and levied in the same mannei- and at the same rates 
re.-.pectivel}', as ihey were by the laws of tliose slates 
m the year eighteen hvmdre'd and eleven ; and land>5 
m that year entered for taxation as non-residents' 
lands, which since that time may have been sold an I 
transferred to residents, or where the owners of such, 
■lands may have become residents, and have had 
their lands entered for taxation, as residents, the 
tax on the same shall be collected as the tax on noir- 
i-esidents' lands . Providfd, in all cases where sales 
and transfers sliall have been made as aforesaid, 
or where non-resrdcnis have became residents, if 
Lhey reside on the lands formerly entered as non- 
residents' lands, they sh.dl have notice from the 
collector, as in other case* of residents. And if the 
amount thus laid, shall in ehherof the said states 
exceed or fall short of the amount fixed by this act 
as the quota io be laid on iion-residenta' lands in 
said states respectively, the difference shall, in the 
next ensuing direct tax laid by tho authority of tiie 
United States, be deducted from or added to the 
quota of such state, as the case may be. 

Sec. 4. .'hid he it fxirtlia^ enacted. That the said 
tax sliall be assessed and ccdlected in the manner 
provided, and by th^ oiUcors to be appointed unvler 
and by virtue of the act aforesaid, entitled "An act 
for the assessment and collection of direct taxes and 
internal duties :" Provided, That there sliail be ap- 
pointed in the state of Oiiio six additional colk-ctoi-s, 
who shall collect the tax due from non-resident pro- 
prietors of lands in the said st^te, shall have the 
same districts assigned them by the secretary of the 
ireasury, reside at the same places which are or i,iajr 



]>e (lesignaled tor siinilar officers under the sUiie national assembly of France, on the subject of 
autlioniy, iuul in other i-espccts lihall be under tlie| weights and measures: and three djys after I re- 
s.inie rules ;ind reg'ulationsj be subject to the same |ceived through the channel of t!ie pulilic papers, 
penalties and forfeitures as are provided by the above the spcecii of sir John Rigj^s Miller, of April 13th, 
recited act. i'l <^''t; Britisii house of conimons, on the same sub- 

St.c. 5. .'ind he it further ennc/ed, Tliat the princi- 
pal assessors shall issue t!)cir prece))is to tiie assis- 
tant assessors for the purpose of carrying' into, effect 
this act on tlic fir,-;t day «f j'ebruary next, and the 
assessments shall have reference to that day. 

Sec. 6. And be it fvrther enacted. That each state 
may vary by an I'Ct of its legislature, the respective 
quotas imposed by this act on its several couuties or 
districts, so as more etjualiy and equitably to appor- 
tion tlie t.!x hereby imposed, and the tax laid by tiiis 
sictsiiail be levied and collected infoi-mity with suci) 

Ject. In the report, which 1 had prep.ared, and was 
then about to g'lve in, I had proposed the latitude of 
oo° as that M'hicii should fix our standard; bewiuse 
\' was the medium latitude of the United States: but 
the projwsitioii before the national assembly of 
France, to take tiiat of 45"-', as l>eing a middle term 
between the equator and both poles, and a term 
wiiicii mig-lit consequently unite the nations of both 
iiemispheres, appeared to me so v^ell chosen, and so 
just, tiiutldidnot hesitate a moment to pi-efer it to 
that of oB°. It became necessary, of course, to 
alterations and variations, as .f the same made part '-^1?^"^ ^", ""f ^calculations to that standard-an ope- 
of this act, provided thk an authenticated cop, '■^'^»«';.. ^^'^^-'cl^ l"^s '^een retarded by my other oc- 
thereof be deposited in the office of the secretary of '^^'P'^-^^"='-. ■„ t i i • f 

the treasurv jnior to the first of April next ; in ^vhich ^, ^ ^]^f cucumstances will, I hope, apologize for 
case it shall be the duty of the s:dd secretary to give ^^e delay which has attendea the execution of the 
notice thereof to the proper principal coliectorj in 
such state. 

Sec. 7. And be it further e?incted. That each state 
may pay its quota into the trer'.sury of the United 
Slates, and tliereon shall be entitled to a deduction 
of fifieen j)er centmn if jiaid before t lie tenth day of 
February next, and of ten per centum if paid before 
the first day of May, in tlie same year : Provided, 
That notice of the intention of m ikiii,^ such pay- 
ment be i^'iveu to the secrelra-y of the treasury one 
month prior to such payment, and iu case of pay- 
ment .so made he shall give notice thei-eof to the 
principal assessors and collectors of such state ; and 
no fiirtlicr proceeding shall thereafter be had luider 
this act in such state. 

Sec. 8. Antl Ik it further enacted, That if eitlier 
Uie states of Oiiio or Louisiana sh.Ji p:iy its quota 
siccording to the provisions of the preceding section, 
Ihe legislatures tiiereof shall be, and they are here- 
by autliori--d ami cmiiowered to collect of all the 
]Hirchasers of public lands, under anv of the 
United States, a just and eq'-i:d ju-opiirtion of the 
quota of said states res])ectiTelv; the compact be- 

tween the Unit-d Stales and the said states to the therto observed, a single subject or species of sub- 

contrary notwiliisiandhig. 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

Vice President of the Ignited States, and 
President of the senate. 
Ait£-7tst 2, 1813. 



Jefferson on Vvciji'lits and measures. 

ir.i-rEn fuom T:iK i.ixHi.TARY or state to the 


JVevj.yorh, Juhj4, 1790. 
sin, — In obedience to tiie order of the house of 
representatives, of January 15th, I h^ve now the 
Iio.'iorto incloiie you a report on the suliject of mea- 
sures, v/eiglits and coins. T!ie length of time, which 
intervened' between the , date of t]ic order and my 
riftiv.ll in tliis ciiy, prevented mv receiving it, till 
'llieloUj of April: and an nines'-:, which followed 
soon after, add<;d, unavoidable, some v eek.s to the 
delay; so that it was not till abrtut the 2Utli of Mav 
that I was :i!)le to fini.5h the report. A desire to le.s'- 
sen the number of its impt^rfections, induced me 
still to withliold it auhile, till, on the 15th of June, 
fame to my hands fr«»m Paris, a printed copv of a 
i>roposition made by the bishop of Autun, t'o the 

order of the hotise ; and perhaps a disposition, on 
their part, to have due r»gard to the proceedings of 
otiier nations, engaged on the same subjec **, may 
induce them still to defer deciding ul'iinately on it, 
till tiieir next session. Should this be the case, and 
siiouid any new matter occur in the mean time, I 
siiall think it my duty to communicate it to the 
house, as supplemental to the present report. 

I have the hoiun- to be, with sentiments of the 
most jjrofound respect, sir, your most obedient, and 
most humble servant. 

To tlie speaker of ihe liouse of representatives. 

The secretary of stale, to luhom -ivau referred, by the, 
house of representatives, to prepare and report a 
proper plan or phms fur establishing vniforndfij in 
the ciirrenaj, -weights, and measures of the United 
Slates, in obedience thereto, makes ihe foUoivinif 

To obtain uniformity in measures, weights and 
coins, it is necessary to find some measure of inva- 
riable length, with wjiich, as a standard, they may 
be com])ared. 

I'here exists not in nature, as far as has been hi- 

ject, accessible to man, which presents one constant 
and uniform dimension. 

The globe of the earth itself, indeed, might be 
considered as invariable in all its dimensions, and 
that its circumference would furnish an invariable 
measure: but no one of its circles, grer.t or small, 
is accessible to adme:»surement througii all its parts : 
and the various trials, to measure definite portions 
of them, h;ae been of sucli various result, as to shew 
there is no dependence on that operation for cer- 

Matter then, by its mere extension, furnishing 
nothing invariable, its m.otion is the only remaining" 

The motion of the earth roinul its axis, tliongh 
not absolutely uniform ar.d inv;iriable, may be con- 
sidered as such for every human purpose. It is 
measured obviously, but unequally, by the depar- 
ture tjf a given meridian from the sun, and its return 
to it, constituting a solar day. Throwing together 
the ineqir.dities of sol ir days, a mean interval, or 
day, has been found, and divided, by very general 
consent, into eighty-six thousand four hiiiidred equal 

A pendulum, vibrating freely, in small and equal 
arcs, m:iy be so adjusted in its length, as, by its 
vibrations, to m;Jce this division of the earth's mo- 
tion into eighty-six thousand four hiiijdred equal 
purls, called seconds of njean time. 



Such a penduUim, then, becomes itself a measure 
of determiiKiie leiii;tli, to which all others may be 
ref'en-eil, as to a standard. 

But even liie pendulum is not without its un- 
certain Lie.s. 

I. The difficulty of ascertaining' in practice its 
centre of oscillation, as dependin;^ on tiie i^U'm of 
the bob, and its distance from the poiot of suspen- 
Si )U — *Jie eifect of tlie weight of tlie suspending- 
wiie, towards displacing- the centre of oscillation — 
that center being seafecrwitiun the bodyof tiie bob, 
I'.nJ; therefore, inaccessible to the measure — are 
sources of considerable uncertaint)'. 

If. Botli tiieor}' and experience prove, that to pre- 
serve its isochronism, it must be shorter towards 
the equ;!tor, and longer towards the poles. 

III. Tlie heig-iit of tlie situation, above the com- 
mon level, as being- an increment to the radius ol' 
the earth, diminishes th.^ lcn,qfth of the ])enduluna. 

IV. The pendulum being- made of metal, a.* is 
best, it varies in ieir^-th wi(ii thv variations in the 
temperature of the atnjosphere. 

V. To continue small and equal vibrations, 
through a sufficient le^igth of time, and to count tiie 
Vibrations, macliinery and a power nccessarv, whicli 
may exert a small, but eonstant elfort to renew the 
•waste of motion : and t!ie difficulty is, so to apply 
these, as i.liat ihey sliall neither retard nor accelerate 
I'le vibrations. 

1. In order to avoid tlie uncertainties, which res- 
' pect the centre of oscillation, it has been proposed 
by .Mr. Leslie, an ingenious artist of Phiiadelpliia, 
to substitute, for the pendulum, an uniform cylin- 
drical rod, without a bob. 

Could the diameter of sucli a rod be infinitely 
small, the centre of o'sciUation would be exactly at 
two-thirds of the whole length, measured from'tlie 
point of suspension. Giving it a diameter whicli 
shall render it suific'eatly inihixible, the centre WiU 
be displaced, indeed ; but in a second rod, not the 
(1.) 600,000th part of its leni^-lh, and not the hun- 
dredth part as much as in a second pendulum, wilh 
a spherical bob, of ju-opei- <liami-te)-. This displace- 
ment is so inHnitcly minute, tben, that we m :y con- 
sider the centre of oscillation, for all practical pur- 
poses, as residing at t->vo-lliii-ds of the length, from 
the centre of the suspension. Tiie distance between 
these two cenires mitjht be easily and accurately 
ascertained in practice. But the whole rod is better 
for a standard, ihan any portion of it, because sensi- 
blv defined .at botli its exiremities. 

(2.) 39,14912 inches, English measure : and a rod, 
to vibrate m the same time, must be of the same 
length between the centres of suspension and o.'jCil- 
l.aion, and, cunsetiuently, it; v.liole length 58.7 (or 
more e.x;ac'.ly .5Jl,ri.3G6) iix-Iies. Tills is longrr than 
the rod, which sh:dl vibrate secoiids in 31'^ of lati. 
tude, by about -^i--^ \iM-l of its whole length ; a dif- 
ference so minute, tiiat it might be neglected, as 
inscnsilde, for the corumon purposes of life : but in 
cases nquiring perfect eXc-cuiess, the second rodj, 
found by trial of its vibratioiis in any part of the 
United .States, may be corrected by computation for 
the (3.) latitude of the place, and no brought exactly 
to the standard of 4.i'^.- 

3. By making the experiment in the level of the. 
ocean, the difltireiicc will be avoided, which a higher 
position miglit occasion. 

4. The expansion and contraction of the rod, with 
the change oi' temperature, is the fourth source of 
uncertainty before mentioned. According to the 
high authority, so often quoteti, an iron rod, of given 
length, may vary, between summer and winter, in 
temperate httiUides, and in the common exposure of 
liouse-clocks, from -j-y-^ to -b^-j-j-j of its wliyie 
length, which, in a rod of 58.7 inches, will be from 
about two to tiiree hundredths of an inch. This may 
be aroided by adjusting and preserving the standard 
.na cellar, or other place, the temperature of which 
never varies. Iron is n uncd for this purpose, be* the leaat cK;>ausibleof the metals. 

5. The practical difficulty, Tesulting from the 
effect of t!ie rnacliinery and moving power, is very 
inconsiderable in the present state of the arts : and 
in their progress towards perfection, Wiit become 
less and less. To estimate and obviate this, will l)e 
the artist's province. It is as noliilng, when com- 
pared with the sources of inaccuracy hitherto at- 
tending measures. 

Before quitti^ig the subject of the inconveniences, 
some of v.bicii attend tlie pemlulum alone, others, 
bodi the pendulum and rod, it mtist be added, that 
the rod would have an accidental, but very prcciotry 
advantage over the peiidulum in ihis country, in the 
event of our fi.ving tlie foot at the nearest :iHquo>t 
part of either; for the dillVitnce between tlie com- 
mon loot and those so to be deduce<l, would be three 
times greater in the case of the pendulum, than in 
that of the rod. 

Let the standard of measure, then, be an tmiforni 
cylindrical rod of iron, ol'such length, as, in latilud'j 

2. The uncertainly arising from the diiTerence ofi45° in the level of the ocean, and m a cellar, oi- 
length requisite for the second pendulum, or the other place, the tempei-ature of which does not vary 

second rod, in difierent latitudes, may be avoided by 
iixiug on some one latitude, to whicli our standard 
shall ref;r. That of 38°, as being tlie middle lati- 
tude of the United .States, miglu seem the most con- 
venient, were we to consider otu'selves alone: but 
connected with other nations by commerce and sci- 
ence, it is better to fi;c on that parallel, wliich bids 
fairest to be adopted by them also. The f )rly-fifth, 
as beina; the middle term between tlie ecpiator and 
pole, lias been heretofore jiroposed in Europe : and 
the propos!ti<.)n has been lately r -newed there, imder 
circumstances wiiicli may very ]-;ossil)ly give it some 
rfPect. This parallel is distinguished with us also, as 
forming our principal northern botuidary. Let the 
oompletion of the fbrty-hflh degree then give the 
standard for our union, with the hope that it luay 
become a line of union with tlie rest of the worhi. 

The difference between the second rod for 45" of 
latitude, .and that for 31", our otherextreme. Is to be 

The second pendulum for 45'' of latitude, accord 

ihivjugh the year, shall perforni its vibrations, ir« 
:;raaU and equal arcs, in one seceind of mean time, 
X standai-d of invariable length being thus ob 
taiued, we may proceed to idf.ntif'y, bv that, the 
measures, weights, and coins of the United States. 
But here a presents itself, as to the extent of 
the reformation meditated by the house of represen- 
tatives. The experiment made by coiigress in th... 
year 1736, by declaring that tliere should be oa,-. 
mon<:y of account and payrneni tiu-ough the Unlte'I 
.St lies, and that itsp tj-ts and multiplies should be in a 
decimal ratio, has obtained such general approbatior: 
both at home and abroad, th;.t notf"iiiig seems want- 
ing, but the actual coinage, to batiish the discordant 
pounds, hbillliigw, pence and farthings of the dif- 
ferent states, and Lo establish, in their stead, the 
new denominations. Is it in contemplation with tlie 
bouse of representatives, to extend a like improve- 
ment to our measures <in(l weights, and to arrange 
them also in a decimal ratio ? — The facility, which 
this would introuiicc into the vulgar anthmetn-j to sir Isaac Newton's computation, must be of would, unquestlouiibly, be sioon and sensibly Mt by 


22 _„=_^ 

the whole mass of the people, who would thereby beiaclual trial the second rod for 45° by adding the 

enabled to compute for tiiemselves, whatever they 
filio l.l have occasion to hiiy, to sell, or to measure, the present comi)Iicated and dilHcult ratios 
pi:ice beyond their computation, lor the most part. 
Or, is it the opinion of the representatives, that the 
diihcuUy of changing the establislied habits of a 
Wiiole na-tion, opposes an insuperable bar to this 
iniin-ovenient ? under this uncertainty, the secretary 
of ^tale thinks it Lis duty to submit alternative plans, 
that the house may, at their will, adopt either the 
one or the other, exclusively— or the one for the 
piesent, and the oilier for a future time, when_ the 
pubic mind may be supposed to have become fami- 
liiinzed to it. 

I. And iirst, on the supposition, that the present 
measures and weights are to be retained, but to be 
rendered unifunn and invariable, by bringing them 
to the same invariable standard. 

The first settlers of these states, having come 
chiefly from England, brought with them the mea- 
sures and weiglits of that country. Tliese alone are 
gaerally established among us, either by law or 
us.ige ; and th'.se, therefore, are alone to be retained 
and fixed. We must resort to that connlry for in- 
formation of what they are, or ought to be. 

This rests, pi-incipally, on tiie evidence of certain 
stiuidard measures and weights, which have been 
preserved of long time in difterent deposits. But 
differences among these having been known to exist, 
the of commons, in tlie years 1757 and 1758, 
appointed committees to enquire iuto the original 
standards of tlieir weights and measures. I'hese 
conunittees, assisted by able matliematicians and 
artists, examined and compared with each other, 
the several standard measures and weights, and 
made reports on them in the years 1758 and 1759. 
The circumstances, under which these reports were 
made, entitled them to be considered, as far as they 
gM, as liie best written testimony existing, of the 
standard measures and weigiits oi' England : and as 
si'cl), they will be relied on in the progress of this 

J\teumreii of length.— TliQ measures of length iu 
use among us are, 

Tlie lea'gue of three miles ; the mile of eight fur- 
longs ; the furlong of forty poles or perches ; the 
pole or perch of five and a halt yards ; the fathom 
of two vards ; tte ell of a yard and a quarter; the 
vard uf three feet ; the foot ol' twelve niches ; and 
the inch of tea lines. _ 1 

On this brancii of their subject, the committee of 
1757, 1758, says, that the standard measures of 
length, at the receipt of the excheqtier, are a yard, 
Su))posed to be of the time of Henry VII. and a yai-d 
and ell, supposed to htive been made about the year 
1601 ; that they are brass I'ods, very coarsely made, 
their divisions not exact, and the rods bent : aiul 
t'liut, in the year 1742, some members of the royal 
society had been at great pains in taking an exact 
jiieasiue of these standards, by very curious instru- 
vnents, iirepared by the ingenious Air. Graham ; that 
the royal society had had a brass rod made, pursuant 
to th.eii" expenmcint, which was made so accurately, 
^md by persons so skilful and exact, that it was 
thijught not easy to obtain a more exact one ; and 
t!ie committee in fact found it to agree wliii the stan- 
tlaid at tlie exchequer, as near as it was possible. 
They iurnish no means to a person at a distance of 
Jiiiowing wliat this standard is, Tliis, however, is 
supplied by the evidence of the second pendulum. 


difference of their computed length, to wit, 
of an incli, or rather ^-i, of a line (which in practice 
will endanger less error, than an attempt at so 
minute a fraction as the ten thousandth part of an 
incli) we shall have the second rod of London, or a 
true measure of 58 3-4 English inches. Or, to 
shorten the operation, without varying the result. 
Let the standard rod of 4^° be divided into 
587 1-5 equal parts and let each of these parts be 
declared a line; 

Ten lines an inch ; twelve inches a foot ; three 
feet a yard ; three feet nine inclies an ell ; six feet 
a fiUhom ; five yards and a half a perch or pole ; 
forty poies or perches a furlong ; eight furlongs a 
mile ; three miles a league. 

Hupevjicial meaaures. — Our measures of surface are 
the acre of four rood ; and the rood of forty square 
poles : so established by a statute of Zci. E. I. Let 
tll^,m remain the same. 

Jleasures of ctipucitij. — The measures of capacity 
in use among us, are of the followmg names and 
proportions : 

The gill, four of which make a pint ; two pints a 
quart ; two quarts a pottle; two jjottles a gallon ; 
two gallons a peck, dry measure ; eiglit gallons make 
a measure, called a firkin, in liquid substances, and 
a bushel dry; two firkins or bushels, make a mea- 
sure, called a i-imdlet, or kilderkin, liquid, and a 
strike, dry ; two kilderkins, or strikes, make a m.ea- 
surc Called a barrel, liquid, and a coomb, dry — this 
last term being ancient and little used ; two barrels, 
or coombs, make a measure called a hogshead, 
liqjiid, or a quarter, dry ; each being the quarter of 
a ton ; a hogshead and a third makes a tierce, or a 
third of a ton ; two hogsheads make a pipe, butt, or 
puncheon, and two pipes make a ton. 

But no one of these measures is of a determinate 
capacity. The report of the committee of 1757-8 
shews, tjiat the gallon is of very various content : 
and that behig the unit, all the others must vary 
with it. 

The gallon and bushel contain 224 and 1792 cubic 
inches, according to the standard wine gallon, pre- 
served at Guddhall ; 2ol and 1848, according to 
the statute of the 5ih Anne; 264.8 and 1218.4, ac- 
cording to the ancient llumford quart of 1228, exa- 
mined by the committee ; 265.5 and 2124, according 
to three standard bushels preserved in the exche- 
quer, to wit, one of Henry XU. without a rim, one 
dated lU9l, supposed for 1591, or IGOI, and one 
dated 16U1 ; 2ti6.25 and 2130, according to the an- 
cient liumfbnl gallon of 1228, examined by the com- 
mittee ; 268.75 and 2150, according to the Win- 
chester bushel, as declared by statute 13.14. W. 3. 
v/hich has been the model for some of the grain 
states; 271. less 2 spoonfuls, and 2168, less 16 
spoonfuls, according to the standard gallon of Henry 
VII. and another, dated 1601, marked E. E. both in 
tile excheciuer; 271 and 2168, according to a stan- 
dard gallon in the exchequer, dated 1601, marked E. 
and called the corn gallon ; 272 and 2176, according 
to the three standard corn-gallons, last mentioned, as 
measured in 1688, by an artist for the commissioners 
of the excise, generally used iu the sea-port towns, 
and b}' mercantile people, and thence introduced 
into some of the grain states ; 277.18 and 2217-44, 
as established for the measure of coal by the statute 
of 12 Anne ; 278, and 2224, according to a standard 
bushel of Henry VIJ. with a copper riin, in the ex- 
chequer ; 278.4' and 2227.2 according to two stan- 

■which, according to the authority before quoted, is, jdai'd pints of 1601, and 1602, in the e:;chequer ; 280, 
ivl Ixiudon, 39,1682 English inches, and conse-jand 2240, accordhig to the standard quart of 1601, 
qiuiitly, the second rod, there is of 58,7523 of the I in the excliequer ; 282 and 2256, according to tli6 
jjunit jijthfes. When we sliall have foiiiid, then, by standard gallon ibr beer and ale, in the treasury,. 



There :ire, moreover, varieties on these vavieties,. peck; 8 gallons a hii-iliel or firkin; 2 bushels o*" 
from the barrel to the Ion inclusive : ibr, if Uie barrel Itii'k.ns, a siriitt- or kil.lerkin ; 2 strikes or kilder- 
be of herrings, it must contain 28 gallons by the sta-j kins, a coomb or barrel; 2 coombs or barrels, a 
tute 13 El. c. 11. ir of wine, it must contain 31 1-2 1 quarter ol a hogi-head ; a hoj^shead and a third one 
by the statute 2 Henry VII. c. 22. and 1. Richard 111. tierce ; 2 hogsheaJs a pipe, butt, or puncheon ; ami 
c 15. If of beer or ale, it must contain 34 gallons i 2 pipes a ton. 

by the statute 1 Wdliam and Mary c. 24- and the 
higher measures in proportion. 

in tliose of tlie Uniied States, which have not 
adapted the statutes of William and Mary, and of 
Anne before cited, nor their substance, the v/ine 
gallon, of 231 cubic inches, rests on theautliority of 
Tery long usage, before the oth of Anne, the origin 
and foundation of which are unknown. The bushel 
is the Wmchester bushel, by the 11 Henry VII. un- 
defmed ; and the barrel of ale, 32 gallons, and of 
beer 36 gallons by the statute 23 Wenry VIll. c. 4. 

The secretary of siate is not informed wiiether 
there hive been any anil what allerations of these 
measiD'es, by the laws of the particular states. 

It is proposed to retain this series of measures, 
but to i\\ the gallon to one deterifciiiate capacity, as 
the uUit of measure, both wet ind dry : for the con- 
venience is in f.ivor of abolishing the diatincLion, 
even between wet and dry measures. 

The wine g-allon, whether of 224 or 231 cubic 
inches, may be altogether disregarded, as concern- 
ing, principally, the mercantile, and the we;.lthy, 
the least nuuicrous part of societ), and the most 
C ipable ot reilucing one measure to another b}' cal- 
culation. This gallon is little used among the mass 
of farmers, whose chief habiis and interests are in 
the size of tlie corn bushel. 

Of the standard measures before stated, two are 

And let all measures of capacity, of dry subjects, 
be stricken widi a strait strike. 

H eights. — Tliere are two sorts of welglits in use 
among us — the one called avoirdupois, the other 

In the avoirdupois series, the poimd is divided 
into sixteen ounces ; the ounce into sixteen drams ; 
the dram into four quarters. 

In die troy series, the ])«)und is divided into twelve 
ounces ; the ounce, according to the subdivision of 
the apothecaries, into 8 drams ; tlie dram into 3 
scruples ; the scruple into 2U grains. 

Accuiding to the subdivision for gold and silver, 
the ounci: is divided into 20 penny-weight ; and the 
penny-weight into 24 grains. 

So that the pound troy contains 5760 grains, of 
which, 7,000 are requisite to the pound avoir- 
dupois ; of course the Wt;iglit of the pound troy is 
to tha't^of the pound avolrJupois, as 57G0 to 7000, or 
as 144 to 175. 

It is remarkable, that this is exactly the propor- 
tion of the ancient liquid gallon of Guildhall, of 224 
cubic inciies, to the corn gallon of 272 ; for 224 are 
to 272, as 144 to 175 (4.) 

It is further remarkable still, that this is also the 
exact pi'oportion between the specific weight, of any 
measure of wheat, and of the SMOie measure of v/ater. 
For the staiuie bushel is of 64 pounds of wheat. 

■principally dfttinguished in authority and practice, j Now as 144 to 175, so are 64ib. to 77.7lb. but 77.71b. 
The statute bushel of 2150 cubic inches, which is known to the weight of (5.) 21504 cub.c inches 
g-ives a gallon of 26S.75 cubic inches, and the stan-'of pure water; which is e.xactly the content of the 

dard gallon of 1601, called the corn gallon, of 271 or 
272 cubic inches ; which has introduced the mer- 
cantile btishel of 2176 inches. The fcn-mer of these 
is most used in some of the grain states, the latter in 
others. The middle term, of 270 cubic inches, may 
be taken as a mutual compromise of convenience. 

Winchester bushel, as declared by the statute 13. 14. 
W. 3. That statute determined the bushel to be a 
cylinder of 18 1-2 inches diameter, and 3 inches 
depth. Such a cylinder, as nearly as'it can be cubed, 
and expressed m figures, contains 2150,425 cubic 
inches ; a result, which reflects autliority on the 

and as ottering this general advantage, that the I declaration of parliament, and induces a fivorable 
bushel being of 2160 cubic inches, is exactly a cubic (jpinion of the care with vviiieli they invested the 
foot and a quarter, and so facilitates the conversion i contents of the ancient bushel, and also a belief. 

ot wet and dry measures into solid contents and 
tonnage, and simplifies the connexion of measures 
liiid weights, as will be shewn hereaftei-. It may be 
added in favor of this, as a medium measure, that 
eight of the standard or statute measures, before 
enuiTerated, are below this term, and nine above it. 

The measure lo be made for use, being Ibursided, 
with rectangular sides and bottom. 

The pint will be 3 inches square and 3 3-4 inches 
deep ; tne quart 3 inches square and 7 1-2 inches 
deep ; the pottle 3 inches square and 15 inches 
deep, or 4 1-2, 5, and 6 inches; the gallon 6 inches 
square and 7 1-2 inclies deep ; or 5, 6, and 9 inches ; 
tlie peck 6, 9, and 10 inches; the halfbiishel 12 
inches square and 7 1-2 inches deep ; and the bushel 
12 inches square, and 15 inches deep, or 9, 15 and 
16 inches. 

C3'lindrical measures have the advantage of su- 
perior strength : but square ones have the greatei- 
advantage of enabling every one, who has a rule in 
his pocket, to verify their contents, by measuring 
them. Moreover, till the circle can be squared, the 
cylinder cannot be cubed, nor its contents exacth 
expressed in figures. 

Let the measures of capacity then, for tlie Uniteii 
States, be, 

A gallon of 270 cubic inches ; the gallon to con- 
tein two pottles ; the pottle two quarts ; the quart 
.w« pints ^ the pint 4 gills: 2 gallons to mukc a 

that there might exist evidence of it at tliat da\, 
unknown to the comndttees of 1758 and 1759. 

We find then in a continued pr'ipoHion, 64 to 77-7 
as 224 to 272, and as 144 to 175, that is to s ly, thr- 
specific Weight of a nit-asure of wlieat to that of 
the same measure of water, as the cubic contents of 
the wet-g.dlon, to those of the dry; and as the 
weight of a pound troy to that of a pound avoir- 

This seems to have been so combined as to render 
it indifFtreiit whether a thing were dealt out by 
weight or measure ; for the dry gallon of wheal, 
and the liquid one of wine v/ere of the same weight ; 
and the avoirdupois poinid of wl>eat, and the troy 
pound of wine, were of the same measure. Water 
and the vinoiis liquors, which enter most into com- 
merce, are so nearly of a weight, that the diflPerenc", 
in moderate quantities:, would be neglected by ho*h 
buyer and seller; some of the wines being a little 
lieavier, and some a little lighter than water. 

Anotiier remarkable correspondence is that be- 
tween weights and solid measures. l''or 1000 ounces 
avoirdtipois of pure water, fills a cubic foot, wiiii 
mathematical exactness. 

What circumstances of the times, or purposes 
of barter or commerce, called for this combinatKni 
of weights and measures, with the subjects to be 
exchanged or purchased, are not now to be ascer- 
tained. But a tr;i3ie set of exact proportionaUj 


representing' weifjlits, measures, and the things to 
be weighed and m ensured, and a relation so inte- 
gral, between weig-hts and solid mciisures, must 
have been the result oKdesig'n and scien ; :!ic culcula- 
lation, and not a mere coincidence of" hazai-d. It 
proves, tlmt the dry and wet measures, tlie heav}' 
and light weig'hts, miist iiave been orij^'inal parts of 
the system tliev compose : contrary to tlic opinion of 
the committee of 1757 — 1758, who thoug-lit, that tlie 
avoirdupois weight was not an ancient weight of ihc 
kir.f^dom, nor ever even a leg'ai weig^ht, but during' a 
Eingle year of the reifj^n of H. 8. and tlierefore, con- 
cluded, otherwise than will be here proposed, to 
supprer-s it altogether. Their opinion was fountlcd 
chiefiy on the silence of the laws, as to this weight. 
But the harmony here developed in the system of 
weights and measures, of which the avoirtlupois 
makes an essential member, corroborated by a gene- 
ral use, from very higli anlirjuity, of that, or of a 
nearly sisiilar ■weight under another (6.) name, seem 
stront^^er proofs, that this is a leg-al weight, than 
the mere silence of tlie written laws is of l!ie 

Ee this af^lt may, it is in such general use with us, 
that, on the principal of popular convenience, its 
higher denominations, at least, must be preserved. 
It is by the avoirdupois pound and ounce, that our 
citizens have been used tw buv and sell. But tlie 

posed to enlarge this, by about the third of a gT:#n, 
in weight, or a mill, in value; that is to s.av, to 
establish at 376 (or, more exactly, 376,02985*) iii- 
strail of 375. ot grains ; because it will be shewn 
this, as the unit of coin, will link in system with tlie 
units of length, surface, capacity, and weight, 
whenever it sluU be tliought proper to extend the 
decimal ratio through all these branciies. It is to 
preserve tlie possibility of doing this, that this very 
minute ait(;i'ali(>n is proposed. 

We have tiiis proportion, tlien, 875 to 864, as 
376,(i29H5 g-rains troy to 371,3026], the expression 
of the unit in the new grains. 

Let it be declared, therefore, that the money unit, 
or dollar of the United States, shall contain 371.3 
American grains of pure silver. 

If notjiing more then be proposed, than to render 
uniform and stable the system we already possess, 
t'lis may be effected on tiie plan herein detailed ; 
tli<; siim of which is, 1. That tlie present measure of 
Icnj^tii be retained and fixed by an invariable stan- 
dard : 2. That the measures of surface remain as 
they are, and be invariable also, us the measures of 
length, to which they are to refer : 3. That the unit 
of cap.icity, now so equivocal, be settled at a medium 
and convenient term, and defined !)y the same inva- 
riable measures of length : 4. TJiat tlie more known 
terms, in the two kinds of weiglits, be retained, and 

smaller subdivisions of drams and quarters, are not; i-edr.ccd to one series ; and tliut they be referred to a 
in use with them. On the otiier hand, they havel definite mass of some substance, the specific gravity 
been used to weigh their money and medicine with [of which never chatiges : And 5. That the quantity 
the penny-weights and grains troy-weight, and are|of pure silver in the money unit be expressed in 
not in the habit of using the pounds and ounces ofi pai-ts of weights so defined. 

that scries. It would be for t!ieir convenience, then,! In the whole of this, no change is proposed, ex- 
tc suppress the pound and ounce troy, and the dram] cept an insensible one in the troy grain and penny- 

«r d quarter avoirdupois ; and to form into one series 
the avoirdupois pound and otmce, and the troy 
penny-weight and gTain. The avoirdupois ounce 
contains 18 penny -weights 5 1-2 grains troy-weight. 

weiglit, and the very minute one in the money unit. 
II. But if it be thought that, either now or at any 
future time, the citizens of the United States may 
be induced to undertake a thorough reformx.ti<)n of 

Bivide it then into !8 pcnn}-\veights, and the "penny- their whole svstem of measures, weights and coins, 
weight, as h.erctoforc, into 24 grains ; and the new reducing every branch to the same decimal ratio 
penny -weiglit will contain between a third and a already establislied in tlieir coins, and thus bringing 
qv.arter of agrain more than the present troy penny- the calculation of the principal afiiiirs of liii? within 

W'iglit; or, more accurately, it will be to that, as 
875 to 864, a difference not to be noticed, either in 
money or medicine, below tlie denomination of an 

But it will be necessary to refer these weiglits to 
a determinate mass of some substance, the specific 
gravity of which is invariable. Rain-water is such 
a substance, and may be referred to every where, 
and througli all time. It has been found, by accu- 
rate e.xperiments, that a cubic foot of rain-water 
weighs 1000 ounces avoirdujiois, standard weight of 
the exciiequer. Itts true, tliat among tlie standard 
weigiits, tlie committee report small variations : but 
this experiment must decide in favor of those parti- 
cular \reight':, between wiiicli and an integral mass 
of water, so remarkable a coincidence has been 
found. To render this standard more exact, the 
■'vater should be weighed always in the same tempe- 
rature of air ; as heat, by increasing' its volume, 
lessens its sisecific gravity. The cellar of uniform 
temperature is best for tliis also. 

Let it tlien be established, that an ounce is of the 
weight of a cube of rain water, of one-tenth of a foot, 
or rather, that it is the thousandth part of the weight 
(Lif a cuiiic foot of rain-water, weighed in the stan- 
dard temperature ; that the series of weights of the 
I^T-iited States shall consist of pounds, ounces, penny- 
weights^ and grains ; wh.ereof 24 grains shall be one 
penny-weight, 18 penny-\veii^hts one ounce, 16 
jounces one pound. 

Coi«a.— Congress in 1786 establislied the money 
^ Ht 375.64 troy grains of pure silver. It is pro- 

the arithmetic of every man, who can multiply and. 
divide plain numbers, greater changes will be ne- 

The unit of measure is still that which must give 
law through the whole system : and from whatever 
unit we set out, the coincidences between the old 
and nev.' ratios will be rare. All that can he done, 
will be to choose such an unit as will produce the 
most of these. In this respect, the second rod has 
been found, on trial, to be far preferable to the 
second pendulum. 

Meamres ofleiigth. — Let the second i-od, then, as 
before described, be the standard of mcasiu-e ; and 
let it be divided into five equal parts, eacii"bf which 
shall be called a foot : for, i)er]iaps, it may be better 
generally to retain the name of the nearest present 
measiu-e, wheje there is one tolerably near. Jt will 
be about one quarter of .in inch shorter than the 
present loot. 

Let the foot be divided into 10 inches ; the inch 
into 10 lines; the line into 10 points: let ten feet 
make a dt cad ; 10 decads a rood ; 10 roods a fur- 
long ; 10 furlongs a mile. 

Superficial rvennires. — Superficial measures have 
been estimated, and so may continue to be, in 
squares of the measures of length, except in the 
case of lands, which have been estimated by squares, 
called roods and acres. Let the rood be equal to a 
'square, every side of which is 100 feet. This will be 
6,483 English feet less, than the English (7.) rood 
every way, and 1311 square feet less in its whole 
contents, that is to say, about one-eighth ; in which 



proportion also, 4 roods will be less than the pre- 
sent aci"e. 

Measures ofcajjacitn. — Let the unit of capacity be 
tlie cubic foot, to be calk-tla bushel. Il will cont:ini 
1020.23 cubic inches, ; be about ove fourth 
less than before proposed to be adopted as a 
medium ; ont-tenth less tiian the bushel iriade froip. 
8 oi' the- (juildhall ifallons ; and oue-fourtceiith less 
tlnn the bushel made from 8 Irish gallons, of 217.6 
cubic inches. 

Let the bushel be divided into 10 pottles ; each 
pottle into 10 demi-pint,, each denu-pint into lU 
metres, wliich wdl be of a cubic inch each. 

Let 10 busliels be a quarter, and 10 quarters a 
last or doable ton. 

The measur&s for use being foursided, and the 
Pules' and bottoms rectansjular, the bushel will be a 
foot cube. 

Tlie pottle 5 inches square and 4 inches deep ; 
tlie demi-pint 2 inches square, and 2 1-2 inches 
deep ; the metre, an inch cube. 

Weights. — Let the weight of a cubic inch of rain 
water, or tlie thousandth part of a cubic foot, be 
called an ounce ; and let the ounce be divided into 
ten double scruples ; the doulilc scruple into ten 
carats ; the carat into ten minims, or demi-jjrains ; 
the minim into ten mites. Let ten ounces make a 
pound; ten pounds a stone; ten stones a kental ; 
ten kentals a hogshead. 

Corns. — Let tlie money unit, or dollar, contain 
eleven-twelfths of an ounce of pure silver. This^ 
wdl be 376 troy grains (or, more exactly, 376,02985 
troy grains) wiiich will be about a third of a grain 
(or, more exactly, .38985 of a grain) more than the 
present unit. This, with tlie twelfth alloy, already 
established, will make the dollar or unit, of tiie 
weight of an ounce, or of a cubic inch of rain-water 
exaqtly. Tlve series of mills, cent<>, dimes, dollars, 
and eagles to remain as alread}' established. (8.) 

The second rod, or the second pendulum, expres- 
sed in the measures of otlier countries, will give the 
proportion between their measures and tiiose of the 
United States. 

Measures, weights, and coins, thus referred to 
standards unchangeable in their nature (as is^the 
length of a rod vibrating seconds, and the weight of 
a definite mass of rain-water) will themselves be 
unchangeable. The standards too are such as to be 
accessible to all persons, in all times and places. 
The measures and weiglits derived from them fall 
in so nearly with some of those now in use, as to 
facilitate their introduction ; and, being arranged ia 
a decimal ratio, they are within tlie calculation of 
every one who possesses tiie first elements of arith- 
metic, and of easy comparison, both for foi"eigners 
and citizens, with the measures, weights, and coins 
of other countries. 

A gradual introduction would lessen the inconve- 
niences, which migiit attend too sudden a substitu- 
tion, eren of an easier, for a more ditHcult system. 
After a given term, for instance, it might begin in 
the custom-houses, where the merchants would be- 
come familiarized to it. After a furtiier term, it 
jnight be introduced into all legal proceedings : and 
merchants and traders in foreign commodities 

might be required to use it In their dealings with 
one another. After a still further term, all ot'.ier 
desciiptioHs of people miglit receive it into comnn'^n 
use. Too long a postponement, on the other hand, 
vvotiid encrease the difficulties of its reception with 
the encrease of our population. 

THOMAS JEFFERSON, Secretary of state. 


Containing ilhtstrations and drvehpeivents nf some 
passages of (he preceding report. 

(1.) In page 21. In the second jiendulum, with a 
spherical bob, call the distance between the centres 
of suspension, and of the bob, 2 x 19.575, or 2d, and 
the radius of the hob=:r, then 2d : r : : r ; rr~2d, 
and tri'o-fifihs of tliis last proportional expresses the 
displacement of the centre of oscillation, to wit, 
— 3rr 5x2d=rr 5d : two inches have been proposed 
as a proper diameter for such a bob. In that case 
r will be =1 inc!), and rr-f-2cl-- l-^l- 97875 inches. 

In the cylindrical second rod, cjtll the length of 
the rod 3x19.575, or 3d, and its radius=-r, and,, 
r-.-4-2x31=rr -1—6(1 will express the displacement of 
the centre of oscillation. It is thought, the rod will 
be sufficiently inflexible, if it be one-fifth of an 
inch in diameter. Then r will be =.1 inch, and 
rr-j—6d=l-j— 117.45 inches, which is but the 120th 
part of tlie disphicement in the case of the pendu- 
lum, with a spherical bob ; and but the 689,710th of the whole length of the rod! If the rod be 
even of half an inch diameter, the displacement will 
be but -^'y^ of an inch, or xtuV^ o "^ ^^^ length 
of the rod. 

(2.) Page 21. Sir Isaac Newton computes lie 
pendulum for 45 deg. to be 36 ponces 8,428 lignes. 
Picard made the English foot 11 pouces 26 lignes, 
and Dr. Maskelyne 11 pouces 3.11 lignes. D'Alem- 
bert states it at 11 pouces 3 lignes,' which has been 
used in these calculations as a middle term, and 
gives us pouces 36, lignes 8,4^8—39,1491 inclit.<. 
This lengtli for the pendulum of 45 deg. had been 
adopted in this report before the bisliop of Autun's 
proposition was known heic. He relies on i^.Iairan's 
ratio for the length of the pendulum In the latitude 
of Paris, to wjt, 504 : 257 : : 72 pouces to a 4th 
proportional, which will be pouces 36,71428= 
39,1619 inciies, the length of the pendulum for la- 
titude 48 deg. 50. The difference between this and 
the penduhmi for 45 deg. Is .0113 of .an incli : so that 
the pendulum for 45 deg. would be estimated, ac- 
cordmgto Mairan, at 39.1619.0113=39.1506 inche.s, 
almost precisely the same with Xewton's computa- 
tion herein adopted. 

(3.) Page 21. Sir Isaac Newton's computations 
for the diflerent degrees of latitude, from 30 deg. to 
45 deg. are as follow : 

Pieds. Lignes. 



30O 3 - 7,948 

42* 3 

• 8,327 

35 3 - 8,099 

43 3 

- 8,361 

40 3 - 8,261 

44 3 

- 8,394 

41 3 - 8,294 

45 3 

- 8,428 

(4.) Page 23. Or, more 


144 : : 175 

724 : 272. . 2. 

(5.) Pagc23. Or, more exactly, 62.5 : 1728 : : 

77.7 : 2150.39. 

(6.) Page 24. The merchant's weight. 

(7.) Page 24. The English rood contains 1CSS& 
square feet = 104.355 feet squ.aie. 

(8.) Above. The measures, weiglits, and coins 
of the decimal system, estimated in those ot Eng- 
land, now used in the United States. 


1. J 



















Equivalent in English measure, 
.011 iuulics. 

1.174 about a7th more than the Enpjlish inch 
11.744736 7 ahout a 48th less than the 
.978728 Jeet 3 English foot. 

9 787 S '*'^""' " ''^•'' '''*^ '•''^" ^'"^ ^^ ^'-'^ 
t rod of the carpenters; 

97.872 5 *'''''"'* "^''' ''■''^ ''""' ''"^ *''''^ "'^ 
■J an English square rood. 

„_„ _»o f alout a 3d more than the English 
978.728 1 fm.,^„g, 

fat'out 16-7 English mile,nearly tht 
9787.28 -i Scotch and Irisli mile, and 1-2 
L the Gtrnian mile. 


'I he TOO J 

The metre 





Square frtt. 

J (■ about l-S less than the English 








CuMc inches, 

,z- „„« C about 1-24 less than the En^ish 
16.202 ^ half pint. 

jg, 022 f *''""' ^"^ more than the English 

( pot tie. 
1520.2295966209201602561 about 1-4 less 
.937632868414884352 cub. Vthan the middle 
feft. J sized Enij. hush. 

9.376, about 1-5 less than the Eng. quarter. 
93.763, about 1-7 wore than the Engliih last 




fgraiiis, about 

Tlte niite 


.041^ 1-5 less than 
Uhe E. mite. 

iemigraiu 5 


C about 1.5 

4102 J '"* '''*" 
•^'°^ ^, the half 
Lgrain troy. 

r about 1-40 



A m-y J wore than 
'••^°- i the carat 

L troy. 

C about 1-40 

Double 7 
scruple 3 


., „,, { more than 
■*^-^2^^ 2 scruples 

f about 
410.21437- j 1-16 



.137632868414884352 oz. 

993151190-1 1 less 
850461 oz. 1 than 

1 theoz. 


La voir. 
f al)ont 
1 1-4 less 



9.376 7 
.58602aS400931bs, 3 

.712175 Ib.-^ than 
1 lb. 
f about 1-4 less 
1 than the 



93.763 oz. 7 
5.8602 lb. 5 

7.12 1<; English 

1 stone of 81b. 
C about 2-5 



937.632 oz. ■ ■? 
58.602 Ih. 3 

7, 0,7 J less than 
^1-2" i the E.ken. 



9376.328 oz. 7 
560.0205 lb. 3 

5. coixs. 

LlOOlb. avoir 


Trov grains. 

The Dollar 

1. C 37 

5.02985 pure siver. 

The mill 


I 3 

4.18453 uiloy. 






10. 40 


mnt$ 0f m W^^- 


'I'he Riiasia7i mediation. The subject as noticed in 
3111- liist (p ige 5) requires us to say, tliat tlie Boalun 
_-dilor wlio was to " piiove" Uie act of -Vf r. Dmchkoff' 
"' uuauUiorisetl," gets over it by sayinjj^ that A«a- as- 
sertion is a^ gootl ai tliat of tl.5 cditur of the Iiitel- 
digencer ' i 

A passeng-er in the Sabine fi-om France reports 
the receipt of letters there from Enghind, stating 
the ministry had rejected the proposition of lluassia. 

A Copeiiliag-en p.iper of tlie 6th July says, that 
the 4tli of July was duly celebrated on board the 
sliip Neptune. 

A public dinner was given to com. Bainbiidge at 
Portland, about twelve days ago. Tlie company was 
mi.\ed, "all fed'^ralists, all republicans." Among the 
guests were William Gray, esq. Tobias Lear, and 

m;ij()r Snclling After dinner, ttie following, with 

many other, .\merican toasts were drank : 

'riie American people. — Love to their country, re- 
spect to its rights, and protection to its Hag. 

1'hr. jiaval hgs'oes of our rex'ohitionary war, — A year 
of glory lias passed, a year of triumph comes. 

The constitution of our nation on the land, and 
its CONSTITUTION on the ocean, 

T/te American nation. — We do not, and ought not 
to assume attributes of omnipotence -, but we can 
and tuill with oiu* united energies, have our weight 
in'the scale of nations. 

Com. W^f. Bainbuidge. — Brave, generous, and 
liumane. While the American nation can boast such 
commanders, her eagle will never want a laurel 
wreath to her crest. 

By the hon Wm. Grat. — Our army and navi/.-^ 
Mhv peace be the liarvest of their toils. 

By T. Leah, Esq. — The brilliant atldevments of the 
.inierican navy. — The pride of its natioB_ and dread 
of its foes. 

Tiie foilowing is an advertisement copied from a 
Philadelphia pnper of the 3rd inst. — 

" J^Tewlaan of $7,500,000. The subscribers intend 
forwarding proposals for the new loan, and will re- 
ceive the orders of their friends and others, desirous 
of being interested therein, until 6 o'clock, P. M. 
on the 2l3t inst. JVIcE-wen, Hale £5" Davidson." 

A jsTeie- London paper says " It is said the 

Torpedo from New-York was chased on Friday last 
nine miles by several British boats, but by frequent 
diving escaped. The prisoners who were landed 
on Sunday say, that guard boats were kept constaut- 
ly rowing round the ships during the night. 

Einf>!fit/iHent of the Indians. We are glad that 
something, of shame or fear, has at length induced 
the British government hi Canada to shew a disposi- 
tion to soften and restrain the barbarities of their 
allies. But the horrible enormities they have pro- 
voked their miserable tools to commit, cannot be 
obliterated. Faithful history shall record tlie sa- 
vage fact, that the repre.sentatives of a people af- 
fecting to be civilized, did suspend, in the hall of 
legislation, near to the mace, a HUMAN SCALP. 

But murders are still committed ; and Maldenis 
yet the market place for scalps. 

British GENERAL orders. Jfead Quarters, Xing. 
sto7i, July 20, 1813. The commander in chief of tlie 
forces has had under his consideration the report of 
a board of officers, of which brig. gen. Vincent was 
])resident, assembled by his excellency's orders, at 
the head quarters of the centre division of the army 
of St. Davids, on the 20th of July, 1813, for the pur- 
pose of considering the claims of the Indian warriors 
in regard to head money for prisoners of war brouglit 
in by them, and to the propriety of some provision 
being made for those who may be disabled on ser- 
vice. With a view to soften and restrain the Indian 
warriors in their conduct towards such Americans 
as may be made by them prisoners of war, his ex- 
cellency is pleased to approve of the following ar- 
rangements, submitted by that board, and dirti^tS 
tiia.t the siaKie luaj be acted upouj viz. 



Tlie proceeJinpTS of a council with the several In- > I iiave the honor to be, sir, your veiy liiim''le 
ditin Wfirriors, assembled at tlie Forty Mile Creek, I servant, THOMAS M. HAKDV, Captain. 

on tile 27 ult. haviiijj been presented to the board, 
jt is of opinion thai upon the subject of iiead money 
Upon prisoners of war brougiit in by Indians, allow- 
mice sliould be made to tliem for each prisoner 
brought in alive of five dollars. 

The board is of opinion the followhig rates of 
pensions are sufficient : — 

To a chief, for loss of eye, limb, or receiving a 
wound equal to loss of limb — 100 dollars per annum, 
in money or presents. 

To a Warrior, for loss of eye, limb, or receiving a 
wound equ;d to loss of lunb — 70 dollars per aniuuu, 
in money or presents. 

To the widow or family of a chief killed In action, 
or dyuig of his wounds — a present of 200 dollars, 
ill money or goods 

To tlie widow or family of a warrior, killed in ac- ner's-island, on the 26tli July lust, for tlie express 
tion or dying of his wounds — a present of 140 dol- purpose of surprising and capturing the captain of 

To major Case, commanding the troops, 
in the United Slates service, at Sag- 


His Britanvic Majesty's ship Ramilies, ' 
Gardner's Bay, 24th Aug. 1813. 

Sib — As it was late yesterday afternoon when I 
had the honor of receiving your letter of the 23(i 
instant, requesting the release of Joshua Penny, 
I did not judge it proper to detain lieutenant Hedges 
for my rej^ly 

I now beg leave to inform you, I had received 
cei-lain information that this man conducted a de- 
tacliment of boats, sent from the United States squa- 
dr(,n, under the command of commodore Decatur, 
nov,- lying in New-London, from that port to Gard- 

lars, in money or goods. 

The board is of opinion the Indians ought to be 
entitled to prize money for the capture of Detroit 
in the following proportion — 

Chiefs as subaltei-ns — warriors as privates. 

The head money for prisoners of war brought In 
bv the Indian waniors, is to be immediately paid by 
the commissaries, upon the certificate of the gene- 
ral officer commanding the division with which they 
are aclir.g at the time. 



Joshua Penny, of Lin'g Isluul, was seized in his 
bed, by a party of British, from tlie R.imilies, car- 
ried on board of that vessel, and put into Irons. The 
following correspondence explains the grounds on 
which commodore //cnv/'/ justifies the procedure. Sec. 
He seems mightily afraid of torpedoes. If tiie fic's 
he states are true [we are not informed whether th y 
are or not] what are we +o think of the patriotism 
of some folks on Ijon^Tiland, seeing the most 
minute things are communic'ited to tlie enemy ? 


Sir Thomas Hard/', commander of H B. .l/i squadron 

off Gardner^ s-island. 

Sir — The Inhabitants of the town of East-IIamp- 
ton have requested of me a flag, which I now .autho- 
rise, for the purpose of demanding Jo.shna Pennv, a 
natural born citizen of the township of Soutliold on 
this island, and a resident of the town of Easl- 

He is demanded as a non-combatant, being at- 
taclied to no vessel as a mariner or corps military 
whatever, but was taken by fiirce by your men from 
his bed in his own house unarmed. 

The bearer of this flag Is lleut. Hedges, an ofl^cer 
lin'^er my command, in goveninifnt service. Yon 
will have the goodness to deliver Mr. Pennv to lieut. 
Hedges ; as lie cannot consistently be retained as a 
prisoner of war by any article in the cartel agreed 
on, ratified and confirmed by tlie agents of each of 
our governments for the exchange of prisoners. 

Given under my hand, at tlie garrison of Sag- 
Harbor, this 23d of August, 1813. 

IIEXJ. C.\SR, m:.j. commanding the troops 
in the U. S. service at Sag-Harboc 
His Britimnic Mcjestii's ship Ramilies, in '} 
Gardner's Bay, Avgust 23rf, 1813. S 

Sin — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt 
of your letter of this day's date, and as I do not wish 
to detain lieut. Hedges, the bearer of your flag. I 
will do myself the honor of replying to your !<;Uei' 
to-morrow bv a flag of truce. 

Iiis Britannic majesty's frigate Orpheus and myself, 
and having failed In that undertaking, but making 
prisoners of some officers and men, belonging to the 
Oipheus, lie went with the remaining boats to Three 
Mile Harbor. The next account I had of lilm, was 
iiis being- employed in a boat contrived for the pur- 
pose, under the command of Thomas Welliiig, pre- 
jjared with a torjiedo, to destroy this ship, and that 
!ie was in her at Napeug Beach, when this ship 
and the Orplieus were in Fort Pond Bay, last week. 
He has also hiid a certificate given him on the 18th 
of this moulh, by some of the respectable inhabitants 
of Eist Hampton, recommending iiim to commo- 
dore Decatur, as a fit person to be emploved on a 
particular service, by him, and that he has for some 
time been entered on tiie books of one of the/ri- 
gates, at 40 dollars per month; add to which, this 
notorious character has been recognized by some of 
the ofilcers and men of this ship, as having been on 
board here two or three times, with clams and fruit ; 
o\' course, as a spy, to collect inromiation of our 
movements. Having been made so well acquainted, 
with the conduct of this man for the last six weeks, 
and the purpose for which he has been so actually 
employed in hostilities against iiis Britannic majesty, 
I cannot avoid expressing- my surprise that the 

inhabitants of East-Hampton, should have attempted 
to enforce on yon a statement so contrary to fact. 
I, tiierefi>re, cannot think of permitting such an 
avowed enemy to be out of my power, when 1 knew 
so much of him as I do. He will, therefore, be 
detained as a prisoner of war, unlii the jsleasure of 
the comiliander la chief is known. 

Robert Gray, an InoITensive old man, vho was 
taken with Penny, I have landed, as it does not ap- 
pear that he is one of his accomplices in tiie trans- 
actions 1 have alluded to. 

I think proper to enclose a copy of my letter to 
justice Terry, to warn the inhabitants of the coast 
agahist permitting the torpedo to remain any where 
near them. I have the honor to be, sir, your most 
obedient liumhle servant, 


of Ids B. J\1'h shij) Ramilies. 
Maj. Benj. Case, commanding the troops 
ill the U. S. service, at S g- Harbor. 
His Majesty's ship Ramilies, off J^Te-w- "} 
London, Ang. 23, 1813. 5 

-.. Sir — Having received positive information tliat a 
whale-boat, tlie properly of Tiionias Welling and 
otht/s, prepaicd witii a torpedo, for the avowed pur-' of destroying this siiip, a mode of warfare prac- 
tised lj\' individuals from mercenary motives and 
liiore D^vel than honorable, is kept in your neigh- 


borhood, and as from the ven' good information Ii Cactigator, and carried into that port, was yester- 
obtain from various sources, there is no doubt tlieseid.iy, by t!)c f7ec/s/o» of judge Davis, restored, vessel 
persons will soon be in my power, T beg you to wariij -ind cargo to the owner, witli costs and damages — 
the Inhabitants of the towns nlong' the coast gH We understand the captors appealed. 

Long-Island, that wherever I hear lliis boat or any 
other of her description has been allowed to remain 
after this day, I will order every house near tlie 
shore to be destroyed. 

I have tiieltonor to be, sir, ■'.our obsdient servant, 
(Signed) THO.MAS'IM. Hz^^IiDY, Capt. 

Terry, esq. justice of the peace. 

Sou t hold, Lonsc-hlnnd. 

Gathering- on the borders. Tlie forces at Buvlirig- 
ton, Sackett's Harbor, Foi-t George, and at ¥ovX 
Meigs, &c. were mentioned in our An extaor- 
dinary degree of military movement is apparent in 
every quarter. We have heard, dui'ing tlie preseni 
Aveek of at least 3,000 regidars, ifi detuclimeiits, at 
Schenectady and Troy, N. Y. Portland, Maine, 
Wilmington,!). Elkton, Md. he. proceeding to the 
north, where the force must be imposing in a few 
daj's. Georgia lias 2,500 men in the Creek coiui- 
try, and the people of Tennessee have their rifles 
ready to co-o])erate on the other side. Detachments 
of regulars were ah:o marching from that stale and 
from Kentucky for the N. W. army, which it is i)ro- 
bable Gov. Shelby has reached before this with from 
3 to 4,000 volunteers. Ohio is also organizing ano- 
ther body of 2,000 men. 

TIte Canadian papers say that the lOSrd royal regi- 
ment, is ordered to the West-Indies in jmishment 
for the frequent di-sertions of the men. The regi- 
ment 42 men, in tliisi\-ay, at i^/rt<;.<i;/r//-. 

At a meeting of the militia in Laurens districi (S 


itiird^v the Hlh ult. for the purpose of 

draftinfrihe militia of that state, never was thi^r^ 
jjreiter specimen of pitriotism. since the Americnu 
Kevolution. exhibited than on that occ:ision ; >Six 
Parsons volimteered their services to (h;fend their 
counli'v, out of one captain's bca', to go to class 
No. l' 

Extract of a letter from Fort George dotcrhhiq-usf 29. 

"The attack rif the 23d inst.'wn; miideby tiie 
whole of the enemy's firce ; witli the iiitention, n 
doubt, should he fail in' an a(t<^m|)t upon oiu- 
entrenchmentn, to draw us into the woods. General 
Williams, with a part of his brigade advanced some 
distance into the plain ; but it was eonsicVied inex- 
pedient to .allow him to pursue into the woods. 

''The fleet is lionrly expected, with gen. Wilkin- 
son on board. The encmj's fleet has for some days 
been Ijovering ofifthis coast." 

Extract of 0. lc:t"r from an officer of the J^.'r.rth-tues- 

te-rn arnni, dated at head-gnariers, Seneca toxm, Av- 

gitst 29th, 1813. 

" We shall embark before the 1.^*h of September, 
with upwards of 5000 troops, regulars and militia." 

A cartel has arrived at Providence from Rarba- 
does, with 205 American prisoners. Among- them 
are 45 seamen who had been impressed and dis- 
charged — twelve of them were in shivery live years. 
They refused to do duty, and after being lashed and 
•flashed for their obstinary uitil tlie enemy was tired 
of his ovrn barbarism, they v.-ere thi'own 'mio prison. 
" ^lagnanlinous Knglish !" By some of these, a gen- 
tleman oi' Providence has heard of his brother, long 
since given up as being in the world of spirits, who 
was impressed d.ghteeiL years ago, and is jet i-e- 
tained ! 

The Liverpool Packet, capt. Nichols, from Lisbon 
tor this port (says the Boston G.i/.ette of Sept. 2,) 
captured some ume since by the Salem privateer 

Extract of a letter from an officer in command on lake 

Ontario, to his friend in tliis city, dated, Suckett's 

Iliirbor, .iiignst 17, ISJo. 

•• One of die pilots and some of tlie men from Mr. 
Trant's vessel who was taken in cur late renconlie 
witli .'5ir .Tiunes Yeo, liave arrived here ; they made 
their e.9cape from Pxingston and brought oil' liieir 
guard with them. The pilot states that our fli'e in 
that instance [jroved very destructive and that the 
Wolf (sir .iames' flagship) was very much cut to 
pieces. Tl'cy could not ascertain the loss of men, 
because the prisoners were hurried below as soon as 
Ihcy carpe on board, and were not permitted to come 
on deck until all was clear the morning ufler the ac- 
tion. He says the British ofiicers speak highly of 
our conduct on that occasion, .and of the desperate 
valor of Trant and Deacon, although in their ofncial 
accotmt they have thought pi-oper to give a diflerent 
construction. lie s.ais that All-. Trant did not sur« 
render until wittiiii half pistol shot. 'I'he enemy 
then told him to strike er they would sink him. iLs 
answer was, " fire away, I am loading my two long 
Toms,"' which he did, and in that situ.ation fired his 
guns double chai-ged, with great effect. Lieutenint 
Deac4.)n, \\ith a pejse\ erance not to be surpassed, 
tacked and run down their line, and wovdd have es. 
capcd, had not the rear vessel unfortunately cut a- 
way his hahards and rigging in such a way as to 
leave him a mere unmanageable wreck. Eckford (the 
master builder) has builL and launched a new schoo- 
ner in 21 days. She is now ready to proceed with 
us on oiu- cruise, and I ti-ust in God, IJefoie we re- 
turn, we shall have better luck than we have had. 
Sn- .lames must look lo it. The winds will not al- 
ways fivor him." 

''xy Commodore Cliauncey did not sail on the 26th 
ult. but on the 2Hlh. We have a letter from Sack- 
etts IIarl)or of the latter date, Vvliich says, " the 
fleet is now getting under way." j\'at. Int. 

CnntMODOiiE RoiHiEHs. — Falmouth, f^-J •^""<' 23. 
Arrived this morning, the Dn/ce of Moniruse J^acfcet, 
Bluett. She sailed from here on tlui 18ili ultimo 
With mails for Halifax, and v,as captured on the 
12th inst. in lat. 47, 40, N. long. W. 31, 30, by th,e 
United States h-'ig^itePrctudeni, commoiloie Rodgers, 
wliich had also captured the ships Kitty, captain 
Love, and Maria, cajjtain Ball, from Newfoundland, 
bound to the Mediterranean ; the former an the 9th 
inst. the latter on the same day as the Packet. — 
Commodore R. having assembled the ofhcei-s of the 
Packet and masters of the above vessels agreed to 
send the Duke of .Montrose to England as a cartel, 
to wliicii captain Bluett and others signed an in- 

Lmidun, July 10. — 'We have news from commo- 
dore Rodgers, and we hope that the President will 
share the fate of the CJiesapeake. Commodore Rod- 
gers was upon the coast of Noi-way. He took in wa- 
ter at Bergen, and left that place witli the intention 
to capture some vessels from Greenland. We are 
lokl an English ship of the line and a frigate are 
upon that station. 

July 13. — Two frigates passed Yarmouth 3'ester- 
day, it was sui)posed in pursuit of the American 
commodore Rodgers. 

The Essex frigate. — A letter from "Sir. G. Miller, 
American vice-consul at Buenos ^lyre.'., gives the 
following account of the Essrx, which is the last 
certain intelligence we have of her, though since its 
date she ma}- have arrived in the Rio del Plate, ?is 



hn.% been reported — it is dated Maij 8 : — " The 
United States Irigate Essex, arrived at Valpansa, 
on tlie Gth of March. The Essex, it is to be hoped, 
will place our trade in that quarter on a Tnore re- 
spectable footing than it has hitherto been. Capttuii 
Porter, it is said, seized a Lima privateer and threw 
her guns overboard, and left her men and provisions 
to carry her to liima, with a letter to the vice kin.u;, 
demanding the immediate restoration of all the shij-s 
that had been taken by tlie privateer under his or- 
ders, or that he wouhl proceed to hostilities. Both 
English and Americans are pleased at this attempt 
to adjust a villainous system of piracy. Seven Ame- 
rican vessels have been seized in Port Conception by 
the Lima privateer, and an American ship from this 
place, called the Boriskah, of Baltimore, has been 
carried into Lima and condemned. 

Valparisa is on the coast of Chili. From anotiier 
source we learn that captain Porter had fitted out 
the brig Colt of New- York, and that she was cruising 
With liim 

A letter from JRio Janeiro of the 27th .Tune, informs 
that the frigate Phoebe, carrying 46 guns, the Che- 
rub, 2S, and the Racoon 26, were about^to proceed 
on a voyage round Cape Horn in search of the Esskx 
— and "that they also designed to proceed to the 
Columbia river, and take possession of the settle- 
ment there. 

Tiie squadron blockading JVe~ui-London are said to 
fee fully sup])lied with all sorts of live stock. 

A cartel scliooner, despatched by our minister at 
the Brazillian court, with 56 American prisoners, 
has arrived at New-York from Itio Janeiro. 

Itunsumin^ vesssls — The British, dear lovers of 
commerce, are carrying on quite a brisk trade 
among the eastern cotisters. Off Cape Ann, on tlie 
38ih ult. they captured three coasters and six fisii- 
ing boats, and sent the masters on shore for money 
to ransom them at 200 dollars — so they go on. It 
has been fashionable for ouv pri-vateers-meu to des- 
pise — as too mean and pitiful, the West-India dro- 
gers, unless laden with good cargoes ; but the 
" magnanimous" example of the enemy may open a 
market tor them hereafter ; or British like, lead them 
to ilestroy " every thing thafswinis." 

Business on a large scale ! — A fishing boat was 
captured by the Nymph frigate off the Eastern 
coast ; tile master detamed as an hostage ibr the 
payment of fifty dollars, the sum required as the 
ransom of the vessel. This is the meanest of all the 
mean and |)ltlful things v/e have yet heard of. 
E. P. Epswoutii, is the name of tlie captain of tlie 

The United States brig Argus, with Mr. Craw- 
ford our minister to France, has j'.rrlved at L'Orient. 
This intelligence is brought by tiie very valuable 
schooner Sabine of Baltimore, arrived at Glouces- 
ter, (Ms.) from Nantz. 

A gentleman who has been on hoard the Nynaph 
frigate says slie carries 54 guns, and is fitted out in 
the i>est possible manner, for tlir' purpose of ineetitig 
the Constitulioii, us soon as she leaves the port. 

Razees. — As several razees are fitting out in Eiig- 
land tor the purpose of iiaving something not called a 
slup of the line, tlut m.iy beat our frig.itcs, the fol- 
lowing view of tlieir comparative force may be in- 
teresting, as coinfjlimentarif to the skill of our sea- 
men : 

Tlie Majestic (razee) mentioned in our last, car- 
ries — 

Tlie President, CoHstitution and United States 
frigates carry : — 

30 long 24 pounders (which, however, real- 
ly discharge only 221b. shot) but we count 
them as 2'i's .... - 720 

24 32 lb. rarronades which carry balls 
weighing only 291b. 7 oz. though estimated % 
as 32'3 768 

Weight of metal 


28 long 32 pounders 
28 42 ID. carrouades 
2 brass 12 pounders 


Whole weight of meiil lbs. 2152 

Dlflerence in favor of the razee lbs. 664 

Or nearly one half of the -d'hole force of our frigates. 

In lesiimony of further respect to the memory of 

La-ivrence, tlie sloop of war building at New-York is 

to be called the " Peacock" 


The following letter, or challenge, from captain 
Broke to captain Lawrence, has been published 
in the Fort Folio. The official account of the cap- 
ture of the Chesapeake, is re-translated from a Paris 
paper of July 20. 

Inciter from capt. Broke io capt. hawrencc. 
His tintamiie Majtsty's sliip Sliaiinon, 

off Boston, June, 1813. 

Sir — As the Chesapeake appears now ready for 
sea, I request you will do me the favor to meet the 
Sliannon with her, ship to ship, to try the fortune of 
our respective Hags. To an officer of your charac- 
ter it requires some apology for proceeding to fur- 
ther particulars. Be assured, air, that, it is not 
from any doubt I can entertain of your wishing to 
close with my proposal, but merely to provide an 
answer to any objection which might be made, and 
very reasonably, upon the chance of our receiving 
unfair support. 

After the diligent attention to ■which we had paid 
to commodore llodgers ; the pains I took to detach 
all force but the Shannon and Tenedos to such a dis- 
tance that they could not possibly join in any action 
fought in sight of the capes ; and the various verba! 
messages wjilcli had been sent into Boston to that 
effect ; we were much disr.ppointed to find the com» 
modore had eluded us by sailing ou tlie first change, 
after the prevailing easterly v^finds hud obliged us to 
keep an offing from tl;e coast. He perhaps wished 
for some stronger assurance of a fair meeting. I ant 
thcrefcn-e iuducird to address you mors particularly, 
ynd to assure j'ou that what I write I pledge my 
honor to perform to the utmost of my power. 

Tlie Shannon nvjtints twenty-four guns upon he; 
broadside, and one light boat gun ; eighteen poun- 
ders on her main deck and thirty two pou.nd canon- 
ades on her quarter deck and forecastle ; and is man- 
ned with a ciTmpteraentof oOOmen and boys (a large 
proportion of Uie latter) he.sidcs tiiirty seamen, boy;* 
and p.;sstnger.«, vvlio W(-re taken out of recaptured. 
vessels latel}'. I am thus minute, b:?c-"use a report 
has prevailed in some of the Boston papers that v..-. 
had one liundretl and fifty men, additional, lent us 
from tlue L:t tlogue, wiilcii really never v,;u the case . 
La Ilogue Is now gone to Halifax ibr ])rovisii>ns, and 
I will send all oilu-r ships bi yond the nowt-r of in- 
terfering with us, and meet you wherever it is most 
agreeable to you, withlu the limits of the under- 
mentioned rendezvous, viz. 

From six to ten leagues cast of Cape Cod light 
liuu>;e, from eigiit to ten leagues east of Cape Ann's 
light, ou Cashc's ledge in lat. 4.3 nor. at any bearing 
and distance \ou please to fix oft" the south breakois 
of Nantucket, or tlie shoal on St. George's bank. 

If 30U will favor me with any plan of signals or 
teleg'raph, I will warn you (if sailing under this pro- 
mise) should any of my friends be too nigh or ;'ny 
wh'ire in sight, until I can detach them out of niy 


way ; or, I would sr>.il with you under a flag of truce 
to any placeyou think safest froni our cruisi^rs, haul- 
ing it down when fair to begin iiostilitics. 

You must, sir, be aware that my proposals are 
hig-hly advantageous to 3^011, as you cannot proceed 
to%ea singly in the Cliesapeake without imminent 
risk of being crushed by the superior force of tlie 
numerous IJntish squadrons which are now abroad, 
where all your effi:)rts, incase of a rencontre, would, 
however galUiit, be perfectly hopeless. 1 entreat 
you, sir, not to imagine that I am urged by mere 
personal vanity to the wish of meeting the Cliesa- 
peake ; or tlutt I depend only upon your personal 
ambition foryour acceding to this inviation: — we 
have both nobler motives. You will feel it as a 
compliment if I say, that the result of our meeting 
may be the most grateful service I can render to my 
country ; ;md I doubt not that you, equally confident 
of success, will feel convinced, that it is only the 
repeated triumplis in even combatf!, that your little 
navy can now hope to console your country for the 
loss of that trade it can no longer protect. Favor me 
with a speedy reply. We are short of provisions and 
Water and cannot stay long here. 

I have the honor to bo, sir, your obedient humble 

servt, (Signed') 

P. B. V. brokp:. 

Captain of IL B. J\[. ship Shannon. 

N. B. For the general service of watching your 
coast, it is requisite for me to keep another ship in 
company, to support me with her guns and boats 
when employed near llie land, and particularly to 
aid each other if either ship in chace should get on 
shore. You must be aware tliat I cannot, consistently 
with my duty, wave so great an advantage for this 
general service, by detaciiing my consorv, without an 
assurance on your part of meeting me directly ; and 
that you will neither seek nor admit aid fiom any 
other of iiow armed vessels, if /detach mine e.xpress- 
ly for the s ike of rneeling you. Should any special 
order restrain you froui thus answering a formal 
Ciiallenge, you may )et oblige me by keeping my 
proposal a secret, and appointing any place you like 
to meet us (within three hundred miles of Boston) 
in a given nuiuljer of days afier you sail; as unless 
3'ou agree to an interview, I may be busied on othei 
service, and pei-haps be at a distance from Boston 
when yuu go to sea. Clioosu your terms — but let us 

To the commander of the IT. S. 
/fixate Chesapeake. 

indorsement on the envelope. 

We have thirteen \nierican prisoners on board, 
wiucii T will give you for as many Britlsli sailors, it 
you will send them out, otiierwise, being privatecia- 
men, they must be detained. 
British ojicial account f t'lc capture of the Chesapeake 

London, July 12. 
Despatch of capt. Broke, commanding the frigate 

Half IX, 6th June, 1813. — I have the honor to in- 
form jou that being on t lie first of this month near 
the light house of Boston, 1 liad the pleasure to see 
that the United States' frigate Chesapeake, which 
we had biitt\ wutchiiig ti)r a long time, was coming 
out from port to give battle to the Shan^ion. I plac- 
ed mysflf i)et\ve. n Cape Ann and Cape Cod, and 
made s:iil arirrWi^rds to ficilitate her coming up with 
us. Tiie enemy bore do^vn uj)on us in a brilliant 
style, having three American Hags flying; and in 
nearing us lowered his royals. I kept the Shannon 
close to the wind, hoping thattlie wind might lull. 
At half past five the enemy hugged the wind, and 
Came within hail of our starboard side. The action 
then commenced, the two ships steering under theii 
topsailii. After havirg excluiiged two or thixe 

bro.idsides, the enemy fell on board of us ; her mi- 
aen blocks entanglec* in our fore rigging. I went on 
the forecastle to ascertain her situation ; and seeing 
that the enemy had abandoned his guns, I gave or- 
ders to get ready for boarding. Our br:ive felloW3 
chosen to execute this order, with their officers, 
precipitated themselves on the deck of tiie enemy 5 
c4riving every thing before them with irresistable 
courage. The enemy fought desperately but in dis- 

The fire continued on the spar deck, and in the 
tops ; but in the space of two minutes the enemy 
were driven sword in hand, from all their stations. 
The enemy's flag was struck. 

I have to lament the loss of many brave men of 
my crew who died gloriously. 

.My brave first lieutenant, Mr. W.atts, was killed 
at tiie moment he was hoisting the English flag. My 
Quarter-master Mr. Aldhan, who hacl volunteered 
to lead adet' chment, was killed on the spar deck ; 
and my old and faithful clerk, Mr. Duron, was killed 
by his side. 

Havhig U'y self received a sabre wound at the be- 
ginning of the action, when charging a part of the 
enemy collected on the forecastle, I could do no 
more than give orders until I was assured that vie 
tory was complete, I then directed my second lieu- 
tenant, Mr. Wallace, to take the command of the 
Shatmon and secure the prisoners. 

The enemy had about 70 killed and 100 wounded. 

Our loss amounts to 24 killed, including officer.'^, 
seamen, and marines. 

[The Chesapeake had 48 killed and 58 wounded 
—die Shannon 26 killed and 58 wounded. Reg.] 


From a certain capt. John Fowler who was on 
board tiie Ramilies, we learn that Jo.shiia Penni;, 
mentioned above, was brought on board that ship 
'* with his khirt torn from his back" — he was put in 
irons and confined in a dark place, with a small 
allowance of bread and water only. When persons 
with supplies came on board, which was very fre- 
quent, Mr. F. and other enemies were put below, lest 
they might recognize the persons engaged in the 
" trade." 

Commodore Oliver, now commanding the squa- 
dron, having refused the request of Decatur to pei- 
mit the p.assage of the Henry to jVeiu-York with the 
bodies of La-wrence and Lvdlavj, they have been 
removed from Salein, io the navy-yard at Charles- 
toitm, to be brought on by land, and are now on 
their way in covered carriages. " It is impossible 
(says the Bosioti CenllnelJ that the ivaniors nf Bri- 
tain can he othei-uiise than MAGKA^•i.■^ous and HU- 
MAUE !" 


Tlie enemy fleet, oU sail, anchored m Lynhaven 
bay, Sept. 1. The wlioie force is reported to be five 
74's, 11 frig.ates, 2 transports, 9brig.s and 10 schoo- 
ners, in all 2,^ sail. 

A brisk black irade is pursued by some of the ene- 
my vessels in the bay. They have m'. eigled away 
many negroes, which they will smuggle into the 
Webt Indies and dispose of at enoimous profits, as it 
becomes the humane supporters of " the shield of 
afl^licted humanity." But on Snndny the 29th ult. it 
is stated that certain of the Princes.f ,.^7in (Va.) mi- 
litia, having lilackened the faces of two of their 
companions sent them to the beach, while they (17 
in number) conceakd themselves behind the sand 
bills. The siijiposed blacks waved their handker- 
chiefs, and a boat with six men immediate!} put o.T 
from the Plantaganet, followed by two others full 
(jf men. " Just as the men from the first boat (saj j 
Uie J\'orfi,lk Hci'ald) were preparing to land, oneo'. 



those disg'iusetl in walking a few steps shewed his 
bare ancles which he omitted to blacken, when the 

enemy exclaimed — " White men in disguise by / 

Let us fmisk off"" which they did, and at the same mo- 
ment the militia ran out and fired upon them until 
tliey were out of g'un-shot ; they killed two out of 
the six. I|^d real negroes been made use of the 
deception would liave been complete and effectual. 

American Prizes. 


"ThewinJs an<1 sPas are Britain's wide domain, 
"And not a sail, but by permission spreads !" 

British Kaval Regi'ter. 

In estimating the actual bounty allowed to the De- 
catur privateer (see page 16) we omitted the pre- 
mium for the prisoners brought in, which is 25g 
each. Of these — in her two prizes, there were about 
70 persons, equal to $1730 — making the whole boun- 
it/ amount to gl4,641. 

The Saucy Jack lias arrived at St. Mary's from 
her tiiird cruise. IJesiJes those noticed below, she 
captured the schooner Two Sisters, laden with flour 
and fish, ship Eliza of 10 guns, with flour, beef, 
&c. On the 17th inst. fell in with the ship Louisa 
and brig Three Brothers of 10 guns each, and cap- 
tured them both, without loss, see below. Tiie S. 
Jack also took and gave up some small vessels — she 
was tlie cause of the loss o(" tlie enemy sloop of vvar 
Persian, wrecked on the Silver Keys, June 29, in 
chasing the S. J. 

529. Scliooner Flying Fish, taken by the Saucy 
Jack and released after dispossessing her of goods 
to the value of Sl"00. 

530. SloHp Catherine, laden with salt, taken by 
the Saucy Jack, and sent into Cape Henry, Hayti. 

5.31. Schooner Kate, with salt fish, sent into ditto 
by ditto. 

532. Ship Louisa, 10 gims, laden with coffee, 
taken by the Saucy Jack and btirnt to prevent her 
falling into the hands of a British man of war in 

533. Brig Three Brothers, 10 guns, laden with 
with 2,646 bags and 40 tierces of coffee, sent into 
St. Mary's by the Saucy Jack. (i;j=^The hounly on 
the cargo with tliat for tl>e prisoners brought in, 
will amount to more than g20,000. 

Among the curious hicidents that belong to priva- 
teering, we notice tlie fitting out of a three masted 
vessel, at Salem, called "Timotuy Pickeriso," ap- 
parently for the chief purpose of seizing licensed 
vessels and other smugglers. 

534. Brig Earl of Moira, from Liverpool for St. 
Andrews in ballast, sent into Machias by the Indus- 
try of Marblehead. 

52,5. Schooner , laden with a few hhds. of 

rum, sent into Easlport, by the privateer boat Ter- 

536, 537. Twoe>jejww vessels, trading between the 
United States and the ports of Nova Scotia, sent in- 
to Machias by the privateer boats Holkar and Swift- 
sure, wortli 5,000^ Tlie "well inclined" captains 
made tlieir escajje, fearing the reward. 

538. Schooner Louisa, of 203 tons, 1 gnn and 26 
men, from St. Vincents, for St. Johns, a first rale 
vessel, Baltimore built, sent into Newport, by the 
letter of marque schooner Expedition of Baltimore, 
being on board 100 hlidi. rum and 30 bbls. sugar. 
(C/*The hou7ity on this vessel and her crew is more 
tlian 4,000^. 

539. Privateer King of Rome, captured and d"s- 
tioyed by the U. S. brig Argus, on her passage for 

540. A ship, laden with fish, sent into Bordeaux, 

by the United States frigate President, commodore 

541. A schooner, sent into Bayonne by the same 

542, 543, 544. Three vessels sent into France, by 
the True Blooded Yankee. 

545, 546. Two vessels carried into France by the 
Leo, letter of marque. 

547. A homeward bound Indiaman captiu^d by the 
Leo, wortlt =f 500,000 — was retaken by 
a sloop of v/ar, but the bullion she had on board, 
worth ^')60,000, was carried into France by the Leo. 

548. P.rigjcaptursd by the Brutus letter of marque, 
on her pas.-^age to France and ransomed for 1^5,000- 
The Bi-utus also captured another vessel yet to hear 

5'IS'. Schooner , by the General 

Armstrong on her passage to France and burnt. 


In page 114, of the fourth volume, we inserted a 
table, compiled from acknowledged authorities, to 
shew the slate of pauperism in Kngland. By the 
facts tiien brought forward, it certainly appeared 
tliat one eighth of the whola population of Evglautl 
and Wales were regular paupers, in the year 1805 ; 
and reasons were given for the supposition that one 
fifth of the people was, in reality, sustained by ex- 
actions on the remainder. 

To form something like an estimate of the number 
of paupers in the U. States, communications were 
requested ; but as yet only one regular detail has 
come to hand. We are indebted for it to Joseph En- 
gle, esq. of Delaware county, Pennsylvania; it is an 
abstract from the report of the Overseers of tliepooa*, 
of that county, filed in his office, as follows — 
"1812— 1st Mo. 1. In the house this day . 92 

Admitted since 86 

Born in the house this year - - 6 

Namely, 132 whites and 52 colored peo- 
ple — total - - . . . 

Of which departed this life - 
Bound apprentice - . - . 
Removed ..... 
Discharged ..... 
Eloped ..... 

'1813 — 1st Mo. 1. Remaining in the house 

this day &7 




Average munber of persons constant- 
ly maintained in the house this 
year - - - - . - 72 
And the cost of boarding each per 
week, Inchiding all provisions used 
in the house, is ... 60 cts- 

And clothing each - - iJ3p. ann. 

The whole population of iJ^teixire county, by the 
census of 1810, was 14,734 persons. Supposing tlie 
population to have remained stationary, tliough it. 
has increased since then, it appears, that one person 
in every t-MO hvudred and five were paiipers, the ge- 
neral average being 72. Comparing it with the 
lish counties that have the smalleat number of poor, 
the proportion of Delatvure county should be 1029— - 
if compurtd with those counties that have the great - 
est immber, tht ra' io would stnnd at 3387 — if wltii 
the average nf <.ll the cmnties ni Evglar.d antl Wale.?, 
1911. Ihis is ;i CO nparison (if regtdarp; upers with 
regular paupers. Besides the poor hovses, there are 
many as\ lums aid hospital's f( r the pojr, m Enj^laud_. 


whose tenants, sustained by private institutions, do 
not a])peHr in the ffarful aggregate ojJiciuVii rejiort- 
ed ; and besides all these, llie streets and roads are 
■swarmed with beggars. In Delaiuare county there 
is no otlier asylunri than the poor liouse, and mendi- 
city is not permitted. There is not, we venture to 
say, one rey,iiiar begg-ar, (i. e. a person that subsists 
by promiscuous charity) in the whole countr}- ; and 
tiie poor house contains only the "halt, the lame and 
the blind, the aged and the infirm," with a large pro- 
portion of children, as is evident from the state- 

It is by comparisons like these, that the American 
istauglitto estimate the blessings he enjoys; and 
we could not let slip so good an opportunity to ex- 
cite a spirit of patriotism, in all that will receive the 

I am of opinion that Dela-warc is suixliarged with 
paupers — for in the adjoining county, JS'eiu Castle, 
in the state of Delaware, which has a population of 
24,429 souls, I think the average maintained doe« 
not exceed niiiely. The poor bouse establishment 
of tliis county is among the noblest institutions of 
the kind in tlie world ; where first and second child- 
hood receives the paternal care of a liberal adminis- 
tration. Such also, indeed, are all the institutions of 


We have clieering intelligence from SozUh Ame- 
rica. The pariiculars are not stated, but the fol- 
lowing are given as facts — Montevideo was closely 
besieged b}- tiie patriot army May 20 — the cause of 
liberty is well sustained in the provinces of Kiienos 
Jiyres — the patriotism of Chili is alert and active — 
Peru is decidedly opposed to royalty. In the pro- 
vinces of Caracas, the flame of liberty burns with 
renewed vigor ; the greater part of t:.e country ap- 
pears to be in the hands of the whigs — the capital 
city and port of Laguira, we learn, have fallen be- 
fore them. 

There was a dreadful gale wind on the southern 
coast on the 27th of August, ult. It was felt with 
great violence at Charleston ; damaging, staving to 

pieces, or driving " Liigh and dry" many vessels 

carrying away bridges, and destroying projjerty to 
an extraordinary amount. Many persons were drown- 
ed in the vessels lost. But the JVest Indies In the 
latter end of July, say from the 23d to tlte 26, felt 

the hurricane ! At .Atiy Providence, upwai-ds of 

100 vessels, among them all the priviteers, with 
136 hou»es, were destrojed. At Barbadoes, many 
very valuable ships were dashed to pieces, among 
them .some government vessels. It was believed 
that certain ships of war an*! a transport fidl of 
troops was lost at Martinico — 21 sad of vessel. 
and 50 lives were lost at St. Pierre' s'Aone. At Guu- 
daloupe the damage was terrible — 15 sail were lost 
at St. Kitt^ Duminico is said hardly to have a house 
standing ; and many other islancis suifered beyond 
calculation. The hurricane appears to have been 
exceedingly extensive and unusu:dlv violent. 

The French papers jave fill d with accounts of th© 
marches of troops for the grand army. Hamburgh 
is strengtiiened by very extensive works ; many 
thousand p<5rsons are employed on the fortifications. 
The English have taken Passage, a sea-port of the 
north of Spain, near Bayonne. General Murray has 
riised the siege of Tarragona, leaving his artillery 
[130 pieces] and ammunition behind him, being 
close pressed by Suchct. The duke of Dalmatia has 
gone into Spain, with a vit-w to decide the present 
fate of tliat country by a general action. Bernadotte not vet done any thing — but received his subsidy. 

A Leipsic paper of June 8, announces tliat the 
emperors of Fi-;.nce andRu&sia were to have h;id an 
interview on the 6lh of that month at Gillszin, in 
Boiiemi.1 — whei'e the emperor of Austria was also 
to l)e. 

The Prussian paper currency has depreciated 70 
per cent. 

The Loan. 

Treasury Department, August 26, 1813. 
WHEREAS by an act of cougrtss pussed on the 2d day of Au- 
gust, 18)3, the Pivsidtnt of the United States is authorised to bor- 
row, on the credit of the United Si^ites, a sum not exceeding se- 
ven millions five hundred thousand dollars ; 

And whereas, the Pnsident of the Uniled States did, by an act 
or 001111111551011 under his hand dated the 7th day of August, 1813, 
authorise and < injiowr-r the acting secretary of the treasury to 
borrow on behalf of the tJnited States, the albresaid sum of seven 
riillions five hundred Uiousand dollars, jiurauant to the act of Con- 
gress above reeiteJ : 

I'hat projiosrils will be received by the acting secretary of the 
treasury, until tlie twenty-Jiflh day uf September next, from any 
person or persons, hody or bodies corporate, who may offt r, for 
themselves or oiliers, to loan to the United States, the whole or any 
part, not less tb:ni one hundreil thousand dollars, of the aforesaid 
sum of seven millions five hundred thousand dollars. 

The stock to he issued for the money loaned, will bear an inte- 
rest of six per cent, per annum, parable quarter yearly, and the 
proposals must distinctly slate the amount of money oftered to be 
loaned, and the rate at which the aforesaid stock will be received lor 
the same. 

The amour.t loaned is to be paid into a banker banks authoris» 
ed by the treasui^', in installments in the following; manner, vi/.. 
Ouf cij^ parlor twelve dollars and fifty cents on each hundred 

doliai-s, on the 15th duy of October ne.xt. 
One eight!) part on the Uth day of November next. 
One fourth pun, or twenty-five dollars on each hundred dollars, 
on the 15th d.iy of each of the ensuing months, of December, 
January and February next, 
'i'he proposals must specify the place where the money is to be 

If proposals differing in terms from one another should be ac- 
cepted, the option will be allowed to any person whose proposals 
niaj be atcej)ted,ortaking the terms allowed to any other person 
whos( proposals may be accepted. 

No piopo'jals will be received for a sum less than one hun- 
dred thousaiul dollars ; but a conmiission of one eighth of one pee 
cent, will be allowed lo any person collecting suliscriptions for the 
purpose of incorporating them in one proposal to tin- amount of 
one hundred thousand dollars or upwards, provided Uiat such pro- 
posal shall be accepted. 

A commibjion of one eighth ol one per cent. \*'iIIalsobe allowed 
toihecaslii,!^ 01 the banks where the payments shall be made ; 
who will issue scrip certificates to the persons making the pay- 
I'Kiits, and will endorse ihereoti, the payments of the several i!.- 
stallnients when made. 

On lailure of payment of any installment, the next preceding 
installment to be furltited. 

The scrip-certificates will be assignable by endorsement and de- 
liv er) ; and will be funded after the compKiiou of tlie payments 
liave l)"en made. 

'I'ht funded stock to be thus issued, Mill be irredeeraable till the 
31st ilaj of December, 132S. will be translerahle in the same maii- 
mras the other funded stock of t!ie U.S. and will be charged for 
tlie regular andquariirly payment of iis principal, upon the annu 

I IS Statea lliat eight millions ot doU.irs, ana 70UU | al funuul eight millions of dollars appropriated for the payment 
mule loails of the nroJucls of Aiexico, ilave lateh "'' ll'c l)rincipal an J interest of the debt of the U. Slates, in the 
„,.,.,„ „,i ,, u , niauueruomtedoutiu theafoivsaid act of ike 2dof Aug. 1813. 

arrived at Huvanna. wm iokvs 

By a late arrival from France we learn that the 
•innistice had been pi-olonged 30 davr. — tlie French 
einperoi- was ilien at Dresden, and the empress was 
about to leave P.u-is to join him at Mayeiice— these 
things have a pacific aspect. A letter* from Nantz 
of the 23lh July, s.iys, die English i-iave sent a min- 
ister to the congresb — and that the general opinion 
there is in favor of a continental peacs. But immense 
rcinforccmenti are !aa:x-h::^g j'i5.- Uie Ficucii urmv. 

WM. .lONES, 
Actint; Secretary of tlie Treasury. 


All tKe enemy fleet went to sea from tlie Chesa- 
peake, on the 6t.i inst. except one ship of the Inie, a 
frigate and five smaller vessels. It was thought the 
ship and frigate were also getting under w ay, in the 

1 k1. lili V t .Lj IJJ 11 J-J A 11 l-'j '^ 1 O 1 IJi ljt . 

No. 3 OF VOL. v.] 

BAI.TIMOUK, SATUIIDAY, Si:ptembi:r 18, 1813. 

[whole no lor. 

JLec dim memiiiisse inva'nt. — Vikgil. 

Printed and piihlishe-,1 by JI. Nile.s, Soutli-st. next door to the Mercli:»nts' CoHt-e House, at # 5 ppr cnnum. 

Barbarities of the enemy. 

The foil.i'-ving' is :; p;irr of tliC documents accornpa- 
nyinpr the i-e|iovt of the coir.miltee raised in the 
liouse of representatives of tlie United Stc^tes, to 
report on that p^irt of the president's messag-e 
" that relited to the spirit and manner in which 
the war has be^-n waged on the pnrt of the ene- 
my-" Since this whs in type, :nul it is not now 
Convenient to defer its insei'tion, we o'hserve tfiat 
tlie whole of these documents are piibhshing in a 
rejjular order, as they sliall also appear in t!ic 

We invite !he serious attention of our readers to 
these documents. If tiiey do not feel a of 
indii:;;nation at the wonderful impudence of Mr. 
Cvokcvy and the g-eneral bad treatment of oui 
people, we know not of " «vh;it manner of stuiT" 
they can be made. 

J. w. <'noK>:n to ?rH. be.isiet. 

Adnw-allii OJIce, 5th .'ht^vst, 1812. 
Sin, — Havln.g' comniunicatea to my lords com- 
missioners of the admualty your letter of the 31st 
ultimo, transmitting' a list of men, said to be Ame- 
ricans, wiio liave been impressed and detained on 

state, some of tiiese unfortunate persons, liuvnig; 
lieard of the war and oftered to give themselves r.p 
as prisoners, have, for so doing-, or for refusing to 
do service, bccn punished. 

To put an end to a pr;iceedin|^ and a state of 
thing-s so j-evolting' to liiiniiiuity, and so contrary to 
'h^' law and usage of civilized nations, I persuade 
myself it is only nec^^jsary to present them to the 
view of the lintish government ; and I therefore 
trust that efhctiud measiires will be immediately 
!.aken to I'cstore these injured men to liberty and to 
dicir country. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) R. G. CEASLCY. 

E. coo:;k to h. a. e^.^slkt. 
Foreign Ofice, I9th October, 1812. 

" In consequence of )our letter to lord Castle- 
reagh of the I2t!i inst;ini, I am directed by his lord- 
ship to desire )0U will furvush me with tlie names of 
tiie American sadors who hnve been so piuuslied, 
and of the ship iliey are on board." 


lf';7np!jle-stveet, 2\st October, 1812. 
Sir, — .\grceably to the re([ue3t contained in yovir 
letter of the lydi instant, 1 now transmit to you a 
list of impressed seamen on boai'd British ships o:' 
war, wlic, having heard of tiie war, offered to give 

board his maiestvs ships, and requestmsr their dis-,, ' , ' '^ 

„. , Ti ♦! ■ 1 u- > I . • .themselves uij as prisoners, 

ch;irge, I have their lordship s commands to Licquamt r ■ ^ . u 

..^.. fu\ J . • , ,/ ii / r ireitismg to do service, have 

you, that under present ciiciimsLances, //jey wiiiUt/c?' - , " , • i i 

.<■,,■ r ,, ■ , » :» J I ijL'tr you to remind loi 

the consideration oj this requeat. 

I am, SiC. 

(Signed) J. W. CROKER. 

Extract of a letter frr>m J\,fv. Bemlcy to the secretary 
uf stale, <lated 

LoNHOis, October 23, 1812. 
" 1 n;.vc liiiuiiiied you th:it I had atl.hvssed lord 
Cast.le;reagh on the, Hul>)ect nf our citizens wlio iia\e 
bt^en impressed, and are now held in the liritish 
naval service, i demanded tiieir release ar.d com- one nisi'ht. 

and for so lioiug or lor 
e been punished. 
3g you to remnui ioid Castlereagh that the 
other part of my letter of the 12th instant, requestit.g 
tlie release of the Aniericaii .seamen detained in the 
Jiriiish service, is stdi unanswered. 
I am, sir, Sec. 
(Signed) R. G. BEASLEY. 

The list referred tn in the preceding letter, states the 
cases of the j/jllow/nrf persons : 
John Ballard, on bourd tlie Zenobia, offered him- 
self a prisoner, refused, and was put in irons for 

plained of tlie n-eatment which some had received 
on offeri'ig to give themselves up as prisoners, or 
refusing to serve when they heard of tiie war. In 
reply, I iiave received ->. sl.ort note from Mr. CiA)ker, 
one of tlie under secretaries, stating, that lie was 
iri.'-.t.rncted to require the lunies, of the men wiioiiad 

.received the treainient conipl;iiiied or", and the ves- 
sels in which they were, widcii I nnmediateiy fur- 
nishe'l, .Mid urged ;j reply to the oliier part of my 
letter. In an interview 1 have since Jiad with Mr. 
Croker, I took occasion to remind him of it, when 
he intimated that the government did not intend to 
answer me on tliat point ; addn:^, that E;i,filandwas 

^ghtiiirf the battles of the icnrld; we hud chosen to ffo to 
■war and to aid the ^^ re at enemy, and that England liad 
ionivch rig-ht to recrmt her army and navy, IN Eri, 
JOSSiBLE MA?fN>;u, «.? France.'' 

Mil. BEASLr.y TO XClir CASTL>;REA(iH. 

Witnpole street, October 12th, 1812. 
MY lORD, — In consequence of tlie war uniiajjpily 
existing between the United Slates and Great-Bri- 
tain, it has become my duty to call your lordsliip's 
attention to tbe situation of the great number of Ame- 
rican seamen who have been impressed, and are now 

held in the .ships of war of his Britannic nKijesiy.j^-tizcus. 

John Davis, on board tlie Thistle, gdve Iiimself up 
as a prisoner and refused I'urtlier service, fur which 
he was iiogged. 

EphrairnCovell, on board LaHogue, gave himsel 
up as a prisoner and refiisefl furtlie-r service ; r.\ 
consequence of which he was kept seen days ia 

John Kosman, on board La Hogue, g.ive himself 
up as a prisoner, and refuaetl further service ; was 
•put in irons, still kept therein, and was tiireatened 
by the commander with furtliL-r pr.nisiiment. 

' RusbcU Rrainard, on board L.i Hogue, gave him- 
self up as a prisoner, was put in irons and still kept 

Thomas W. Marshall, Peter Lazette, Edward 
Wliittle Banks and Levi Yonr.ger, on board tie 
lioyal William, gave thenise'ive.-, up as prisoners, 
and were in consequeiM e liiereof put into close coii- 
liiiement for eight days. 

October 21, 1812. 

Mr. Re.asley requests lord C.isthneagh to^ cause 
t!ie nocessaiy pLi^sjiorts to be furnished for tlie 
American ship V/dliam and Eliza, capi.un Howlind, 
to proceed tj tiie United yutes wah Aniencan 

In addition to the wrong which is done to the United 

Stules by this dettiU;on of their seamen, I re^j-vet to M;-, Coo'ic 3 

Vol. V. C 

October ^1, 1812. 
acquaints Mr. Rrasley ih..t tlierc will 



be no objection to granting' a license to a cartel foi* , convenient for the commissioners that he should con- 

carryii\!r to the United States such American citi- fer wiih them on the subject. 

zens, non-combatants, as may wish to return to tlitii- 
country. He requests Mr. lioasley to iritbrin him oi 
the :ituatioa ol" tlie sliii* William .and Eiiza. 

Jill. IlKASI.l.j- Til K.J'OOKK. 

WbiiU'rie-fireel, October 23, 1812. 

Sin, — T have now the honor lo repeat to you what 
I .slated in conversation this morning, that the per- 
sons for whose return to the United States 1 request- 
ed the necessary passports, are, for the most, 
American masters and nwrincrs ; that s6n\eof iheni, 
in consequence of the loss of their vessels abroad, 
have conic here on their w.iv to America ; thnt otiiers 
of thcni Iiaving' been employed in British siups, aie 
iu)W desirous of reUirning liome ; that others, 
tlirou(,4i the detention or condemnation of their ves- 
sels under British orders in council, and otliers, 
through all the ciisualties to vv'hich this class oC men 
is always exposed, are kft without tiie means oi 
conveyance. None of these persons jiave been, in 
any wa}', engag'ed in hostilities against Great Bri- 
tain. They are almost wholly destitute, and for 
some time have been chieHy supported at the ex- 
pence of the United States. Tlvere are slso, I be- 
lieve, sotne An)eric:in nievchants and supercargoes 
who are anxious of availing themselves of the same 
opportunity of returning to tlieir country. 

You are, I presume, aware that the American go- 
vernment has <afi()rded every facility to the depar- 
ture of those British subjects in the United Slates, 
vA\o were under similar circumstances with the per- 
sons included in my request. 

With regard to the ship William and Eliza, In 
which those persons are to embark, I beg to observe, 
that I am well assured -by who have charge of 
her, that there is no impediment to her departure, 
lam, Sec. R. G. BE AS LEY. 

E. c:noK>; to n. a. bkasley. 

Foreign OJice, October 28, 1812. 

SiH, — Having laid before lord Castlereagh your 

October 30, 1812. 

Alexander M'Lsiy informs Mr. Beasley that he is 
directed to desire that Mr. B. would transmit to the 
transport ofilce a list of all the persons whom Mr. 
Beasley proposed to send to America, stating their 
several Cfualities, and when and how they respec- 
tivelv came into Great Britahi. 

J\rovember 3, 1812. 

Mr. Beasly transmits to Alexander M'Leay, of the 
transport office, a list of American citizens whom it 
is proposed to send to the United States in the ship 
V/dliam ana Eliza, stating their several qualities^ 
and when and how they respectively came into Great 
Britain. This list contains one hmidi-ed and tea 
names. To these are added a list of six persons, 
being other jiassengers in the same vessel. Mr. Beas- 
ley remarks to Mr. M'l.eay, " I am informed that 
many persons of the description and under the cir- 
cumstances of these mentioned in the first of 
lists (being seamen) who were awaiting tlie result 
ol ni}- late application to lord Castlereagli for a cartel 
for tlieir conveyance to Amei'ica have within a few 
dajs past, been seized by the impress officers and 
taken on board the tender of the tower ; and 1 beg 
to know what are the intentions of the British go- 
vernment respecting them ?" 

J\'ovember 6, 1812. 

Alexander M'Leay informs Mr. Beasley that he 
has received and laid before the commissioners for 
the transport service tlie list of prisoners proposed 
to be sent to the United St ites in the WUlianj and 
Eliza cartel, and adds, " In return I am directed to 
request that you will inform the board whetlier v ou 
will engage that the above mentioned persons ou 
tlieir arrival in the United States sh;dl be exchanged 
foi- an equivalent number of British subjects, who 
may have fallen into the hands of tiie Americans. I 
am at the same time to acquaint you, that the pri- 
soners above alluded to must sign engagements not 

letter requesting th;ct you may be allowed to send a to serve against this country or its allies until re 

cartel to America, wiih citizens of the United States 
wha wish to return to their country, I am directed by 
his lordliip to express his consent to this propo- 
sition, and am to desire you wdi confer with tiie 
commissioners for prisoners of war, with regard to 
the account you are to give for sucli parts of tlic 
crew as s'lall appear to be combatunts, and on that 
principle m-ist be exciianged. I am, &c. 

(Signed) E. COOKE. 

October 29, 1812 

gularly exchanged. 

A''ovember 7, 1812. 
MH. bkasl>:y whites to alexaader m'leat. 
" I have to inform the board that I am willing to 
engage that the x\merican citizens whom I intend to 
send to the United States on board the William and 
Eliza, cartel, shall on their arrival there be ex- 
changed for an equivalent luunbcr of British sub. 
jects of the same description, who may have fallen 
into the hands of the United States under similar 

Mr Beasley stated to J. 'W. Croker, of the admi-lchxunistances ; and that the men themselves shall 
rrd office, that lord Castlereagh had refeiredhim to I sign engagements for tlie perform.ince of any con- 
the cominissianers for lUisoncrs of w ar : that he hadjdition similar to those which may have been exacted 
accordingly applied to them and learnt that ihe i)f such British subjects in the United States; it 
instructions which that board had received from the being understood that if it be found British 
lords of the admirally were not sufficiently explicit subjects under any such circumstances, have been 
lo enable them to proceed in the matter. Mr. Beus- sufiered freely to depart from the United States, 
ley requests their lord.sliips would be pleased to give {then these engagements so fur as regards the cor- 
Eucli further instructions to the transport board as !resi)onding class of American citizens, shall be vo.d 

may be found necessary. 

October 30, 1812. 
John Barrow, of the admiralt}- office, informs Mr 

however, it be more satisfactory to tlie bourd, 
that the return or exchange of these men shouhl be 
regulated by the pnnciples recognized by the two 

Beasicy, tiiat his l^-tter of tiie 29th October hud governments in the cartel which 1 am informed, has 
been laid before the lords commissioners of the' lately been concluded at Washing! on, I am ready to 
admiralty, and the business had been referred to the enter into an engagement to that effect." 
ti'ansport board. j\'ovcmber 13, 1812. 

! October 29, 1812. alexa:;eeti ii'leay wkites to mh. BEAstEk'. 

Mr. Beasley informs Alexander M'Leav, of the " I am directed to acquaint you that the prison- 
transport office, that he had requested the lords ofers mentioned in the list transmitted by you will be 
tiJie admirc.lty would be pleased to give the further 'released, upuii xour entering upon an unconditional 
instructions necessary, and presuming that tliese jengagemeiit tliat they shall be exchanged for British 
instructions would hi immediatelv given, request's prisoners nov,' in America or wiip may be hereatter 
Mr. M'Leay to iniorni him at wliut time it will be 'taker.. 



JVovembtr 16, 1812. 


" For thos2 Americrcii citizens who composed t'le 
cvews of the ships titkcn in war, I am at all times 
ready to enter into any engagement which the law 
and usag'e of nations require. But for those whom 
your laws have invited, or whom misfortime 
thrown into your country ; wi)om accident and not 
the fortune of war, has placed witiiin your jjower, 1 
must still urge my request, tliat they he allowed to 
depart the king-doni on the conditions propuL^cd in 
my letter of the 7th instant. But " if the i>ourd 
will enter into an unconditional en<;-agcment, that 
all British subjects who h.ive been peniulted'to 
leave the United States since the declaration of war, 
or who may be permitted to depart therefrom, sIi.'hII 
be exchanged for American prisoners of war, I will, 
in idee manner, eng-age for those American citizens 
agreeably to your letter." Mr. Beasley adds — " This 
a'Tangement liowever I would make with t;,reat re- 
luctance ; because it would not be in unison with 
that liberal spirit of warfare entertained by the 
government of the United States, and because it 
would bring within the influence of the war, those 
who might without detriment to eitlier party, be 
exempt from its operations." 

J\'ovember 23, 1812. 


heicn orFiCE. 
" I must beg leave to state, that that part of my 
note of the 12Lh ultimo, addressed to lord Castle- 
reagli, relative to the American citizens who have 
been impressed and are now held in his majesty's 
naval service, remain^ unanswered. To the reasons 
already urged for the discharge of those men, may 
be added that of compelling them to figlit against 
their country ; and I need scarcely add, that as they 
were forcibly aetained before tlie commencement of 
hostilities, it would be very unjust to discharge them 
merely to make them prisoners. Of the number of 
those unfortunate persons, many must be in vessels 
on foreign stations at a great distance. It is a siib- 
jeet of much public interest in the United States, 
and one which involves the domestic happiness of 
many families." 

CVovember 24, 1812. 


" The commissioners (of the transport office) are 
instructed (by the lords commissioners of tiie ad- 
miralty) to continue to require from you an uncon- 
ditional receipt, as prisoners of war, for all persons 
of this description previous to their being permitted 
to return to America." 

December 23, 1812. 


" I have received and laid before the commis- 
sioners for the transport service, &.c. your letter of 
the 16th instant, and in return am directed to ac- 
quaint you, that at present they are only authorised 
to deliver up to you tlie Americans mentioned in 

During this interval, those persons have been par- 
tially dispersed i some have hetn taken up as pii- 
soi'.ers, some have been impressed, and soiue have 
otiieru'ise disappeiired. Others, however, under si- 
milar circumstances, have since been added, and 
there now remiin aiiout one hundred persons. Of 
th'j:-ie men, as I undersiand tlie tenor of our rorres- 
pondeiyce, those who belonged to vessels deiained or 
token in war, are to be suHered to jiroceed to the 
Uniti d States on my entering into the engagement 
wliicli accompanied your letter of the l4th mstanl ; 
l)Ul tliat for iiie otiiers no engagement is required. 
In (jrder vo avoid any furtlier liiisuiulerslanding, f 
beg to know whedier this rccajjituL.l ion is cori-ect." 


Transport OJ/ice, 2G/h neccmbcr, 1812. 
Sir, — 1 have received and laid bi l"ure the com- 
missioners for the tr:i!isport service, &c.your leuer 
of thq 24th instant, and In return, I am directed to 
acquaint you, that it is the inteniion of Ins majesty's 
government that such of the Americans, named in 
the list whicii accompanied your letter of the 3d of 
last month, as belonged to vessels detained or tak-.'n, 
and as are consequently prisoners of war, shall be 
su.fered to pri»cced to ilie United Stales upon vour 
entering into ilie engagement whlcli accompanied 
my letter of the 14Mi instant; but tiiat for Ameri- 
cans wlio were resident or travelling in this country, 
or resorting Jiitlier fen- commercial" purposes, not in 
mariners, no such engagement wUl ije required. 

I am., i^c. 

ntceinber 28, 1812. 


" On referring to the list (wliich accompaniec'. 
my letter of tlie 3d ultimo) you will pcrctive an.-)- 
Iher class of persons, namely, mariners, who did not 
belong to vessels detained or taken, and as your 
omitting to notice tliese luen in your letter migliv 
leave room for some doubt respecting thein, I io^e 
no time in requesting to bt» informed on what tern,.v 
the board understand that they are to be suffered to 
return to the United States. 

December 29, 1812. 


" By a reference to my letter of the 26ih instant, 
yoti will observe that mariners are expressl}' ex- 
cepted from the description of per-?ons wIm) are to 
be released unconditional!)-, and consequently it lo 
necessary you siiould give a receipt for all tlie nu- 
rlners named in the list transmitted by you." 

Fcibnun-i/ 17, 1813. 


" In reply to your letter of the 9th instant, com- 
munic;itinj,'' the result of inquiries made by order of 
the lordsco.nmissioners of the admiralty relative to 
the alledged ill treatment of certain seamen cl.iijn 
ing to be Americans, in the liritisli .service, inconse- 
quence of their having requested to be considered as 
prisoners of war, as represented in my letter to loj-Ji. 
Gastlereagli of tlie 12ih oi' October, I have to oL- 

the list transmitted by you on the 3d of November." serve that although the statement of thoae perso 

December 24, 1812 


" After so long a time spent in discussing the 
principles and conditions of an excliange ')f plison- 
crs between the United States aiul Great Britain, 1 
perceive with some surprise, by your letter of yes- 
terday, that the only persons whom the board are 
authorised to deliver up to me, are those mentioned 
in the list transmitted to you on ilie 3d November, 
who, though so long known to the board as being at 
large in this city, have never been detained as pri- 
soners ; and who have, ever since their arrival, been 
wuiataiiied at t!n» cl.arge of the United SUtt^js.— 

and that contained in your letter dilier greatly as no 
the ill treutnie:>t, it does appear that some severiiy 
was exercised towards tliem on that occasion, and 
without any investigation of tiieir Americ^m citizea- 
shij), which, if establislied, siiouJd luive excepu-d 
them, not only from punishment, but from service. 
As it maj' be inn_-rred, however, from your letter, 
ihat if proof be produced to supj/ort iheir clain), 
their request will yet be complictl with, I Jiave co 
inform you, that evidet.ce to liua effect was loiv 
since traiisniliied to tlie lords of liie admiralty in 
behalf of several of ihe'se persons." [Here follows 
the names o-f persons au<^ tii^ r^citiition of the proul 


cf cjtizensliip, &c..] Mr. IJeasley proceeds, " I cun- 
not avoid expressing ni> di.s;ip|)oinUiicnt and regret 
that no notice ii;is been taken of tlii.- lequesL made to 
lord Castlere;igh in my letter of the 12ih of October, 
f(jr Uie general release of the American seamen de- 
tained in the Brilitili service." 

Ai,i:XAXj)i;ii Ti'Lv.xY TO n. g. teaslet. 

'J'ranspori OJ/ice, 2Gth FrhrtLary, 1813. 
Sill, — I have received and laid before tiie corn mis- 
siouers of tlie transport service. Sec. your letter ol 
tlue irtli of tiiis rnonih, with its enclosure, relative 
to the alleug-d dl treatment of cei-tain seunicn, 
claiming' to be Air eric.i'.is in the Bniish service, in 
c^)nscq(itnce of their having- requested to be consi- 
dered as pnsoners of war ; and t!ie same having' been 
reterred to the right honorable the lords commis- 
sioners of the admiralty, 1 am directed by the board 
It) transmit to you the enclosed cop\ of a letter 
vhich they have received from theii lordships' se- 
cretary in answer tiicrelo. I am, &^c. 



AdnuraUi) OJtce, 25th February, 1813. 

Gentlemen, — Havnis^ laid before my lords com- 
n^Lssioners of the adn.iralt\ your letter of the 18tli 
instant, togctlier witli the documents tiierem i-efcr- 
ivd to from Mr. Heasley, the Auierican ag-ent for 
p isoners of war in th.s country, on the subject of 
certain aliedgeJ cilizeiis of iht.- L'nited States de- 
tained in his m qisiyV sei vice, 1 h 'Ve it in command 
to si,i;'nif\ (heir iordsiup's direciions to you to ac- 
t^uaint Air. l^easky, neither now in war, nor 
before, during peace, is, or was the British govern- 
iiiont desirous of huvinj^ American seamen in its 
fcervice, and tliat their iordohips wUl now discliarge 
tis prisoners of war, as ihey formerly did as neutrals, 
tiiose persons «ho can adduce any sulHcieat proof 
tii then- being Americans. 

You will further inform IMr. Beasl^y, that all the 
cases stated by him have received, or are under ac- 
curate examination, and tiiat such persuiiS who may 
ji[)pear to be Amencar.i, Wili be immediately sent to 
J)rison, as many have been already. 1 am, Stc. 
(Siijned) JOHN KARKOW. 


Tfunaljorl uJfLCt, C>iIiJ\kirch, 1813. 
Sir — I am diiected by tlie cuinmissioiiers for liie, Si-c. lo inform you, ihit upon the 
leceiptof the printed letters vviiich were ti-ansmit- 
led by you to this office, for the purpose of being- 
forwarded to certain seamen on board ot his majes- 
ty's ships of war, they considered it their duty to 
submit tlie same to the consideration of the right 
jionoi-able the lords coinniissioriers of the admiraitN , 
and toi-equest their loidships' diiectiuas on the sub- 
ject ; and the bo..rd havuig received a letter fmm 
iheir lordships' secretary, of which the enclosed is 
li copy, 1 have theii- directions to acquaint you ac- 
cordingly, that the letters in question will not be 
Ibrvvardcd, and that you cannot be permitted lo 
jnaintai!! any correspondence vviih tlie seamen on 
Loard his m^-jcstN's fleet. 1 ain. &,c. 

(Signed) ' Al,EXANi>F,R M'LEAY. 


.idmirulUi OJ,ct:, 5ih Jlarr/i, 1813. 
Gentlemkn — In lepiy to your letter of the 16th 
of last moiiLh, e.'iciosing a letter aildressed by Mr. 
Heasley to a seaman on boai-d his majesty's ship Por- 
cupine, and requesting to be informed if letters of 
ji Similar descnptioii should be forwarded to the 
jierson.s to wiioiu they are addressed, I am command- 
ed by my lords couiuiisaioiiers of the almiralty, to 
signify their dn-eciion to _m)u not 1o tbrward any 
such letters, and to acquaint Mr, Beasley that he 
caimot be penuitted lo luainlaiii any correspondence 

with tlie seamen on board of Ids majestj's fl> it , 
observing to him, at the same time, that ihe printed 
letter in question contains a statement unfounded in 
fuct, for that neither since the war. with America, 
nor before, have their lordships declined to release 
American seamen, ad.v.itted or proved to be such,' 
iliough they have and still do rel'tise to release per- 
sons assunuiig, without any proof or documtni, llial 
character. 1 am, kc. 

(Signed) JOHN EARROW. 

Cojii/ of lliv printed circvlur letter addressed to Ameri- 
caii Kcuinen in hriti:ih s/ripn vj war. 

London, 1813. 

In answer to your letter of the 
I Jia\et() int()rm you, tha.t the lords commissioners 
of the admiralty ha^ nig, in consequence of tlie v ar 
lietween the United Stales and Great Britain, deil'U- 
ed to release American citizens wiio have been 
impressed and are held hi the British service, tliere 
:ippears to \)t no other course lor you to pursue than 
to give yourself up as a prisoner of war to the com- 
uiander of the ship in which you are detained. 

.i^ent of the United States for prisoners 
of -war m Great JJritniii. 
F.xtract of a letter from Jvlr. Beasley to Alexander 
M-Leay, dated IZth March, 1813. 
"In the letter of tiieir lordships' secretary of tlie 
5th instant, tlie board directed to observe to me 
iinitthe printed letter wh:chl addressed to certain 
American seamen detained in the British navy "con- 
tains a statemejit unfounded in fact ,• for tiiat neither 
since the war with America, nor before, liave their 
lordships declmed to release American seamen ad- 
mitted or proved to be such." I' is not necesSMry to 
my pieseni pur|)Ose to enter upon an examination of 
tticir iordsliips' conduct on this niatter before the 
war ; a,lthough mj own official observation, m nume- 
rous cases, wlien 1 held tlie office of consul, would 
atidiorisc me lo dispute even that part of their secre- 
tary's assertion. But with reference to tlieir iord- 
sliips' coiulucl since the War, I beg to remind tliem 
of tiieir iellerof the 5th of August, sof)n after the 
commencement of the war, in answer to a rt quest 
made on iheolsl of July lor the release of certain 
impresseu American seamen, in which their lord- 
ships, going Mejond the mere declining to release the 
men, stated, "ihat under the present circumstances, 
they will deter the consideration of the request for 
then- release ;" or, in other words, tliat they will 
not at jrresent, war being comnicnced, even think 
on the subject of their release. If further proof be 
necessary of their lordships' having, as I statetl in 
my i)iinted letter, declined the release of such sea- 
men in consequence of the war, 1 will c:di to their 
iccoilcction a letter written by their sccretarj', on 
the 25Ui of August, in answer to an application for 
tile iciease of William Wilson, an impres.scd Ame- 
rican detained on board the V'ordelia, in which they 
state that lius man behig ;in alien enemy must con- 
tiiive lo serve or ^o to prison, bhould other corrobo- 
rtitiou be wanted, it may be found in the long and 
marlvid sUence of the British government to my nu- 
merous applications, again and ugain repeated, for 
liie reie.;se ot these men ; seeing that it was not un- 
til tile 25tli of I'ebrtiary, nearly seven months after 
liieir lordships had informed me of their having de- 
ferred the consideration of the subject, and nearly 
live months after ni}' formal demand made to lord 
Castlereagh, that they directed tiie board to inform^ 
uie ot their intention to treat them as prisoners of 
War. And even Uas was not done until eight days 
after my printed letter in question appears lo have 
been on their table. Surely it was in utter forget- 
fulncis of these ciicunii-tituccs tliat their Icrdships 



tiecliirc my statement unfounded in fact ; for it ap- 
pe.a-.-i impossible that they can, in the mind of any 
pei-.->(in, bear a difFerent interpretation from tiiat 
iviiicli I h,id given ihcm. But iiow do tliese tucts! 
bear on their lordships' statement ? IL)\v, I a.s!c,| 
does ilicir deiermniition, that Wilson, proved and\ 
admitted to hn an Jlinericun, imml cnntinue to sevre or I 
go to pi-hon, suppo'-t t!ie assertions tiiat tlH:irlord-i 
ships hive not di'dined to rehiin'^ nenmcn ad- i 
miitcdaiid proved to be such? l^iit, periiaps in their | 
lordships' viev/, to send them from service and de- 
tention m ships of war to coriinement in prisons, m 
to release ihem. If so, it is unnecessary to pursue' 
the subject further, and I will content myself with 
havln^-- vindicated tlie correctness of my statement." 
"I come now to tlie consideration of tiieir lord- 
ships' purpose, as expressed in their secretary's let- 
ter of the 25'h iilt. to treat as p!-isoncrs of war the 
American seamen wiio have been impressed and are 
held in the BriiisJi service. Taking into view the 
maimer in v/hich these unfortunate persons came in- 
to the power of the government, that then- 
own rights and inclinations, the rigiits of tlieir coim- 
try, the law of naiions, and every principle of jus- 
tice were viol.ited in the very act by which each of 
these men was brought withi!) its powe'-, and that 
this wrjng acciuiiuhaes so long as any of them re- 
main in its power, I do maintain that they are 0!i 
every ground entitled to, and the liritish govern 
ment is bound to grant, liieir immediate and com- 
plete release. It acquired them only as the spoils 
of inda'vful violence; how then can it retain them 
as the fiuits of lawful war ? Its right of controul 
over tliem can only arise from the lawfulness of their 
detention ; but which was uidawfuUy taken 
cannot be rigin!ul!y lield, and tf» acknowledge the 
pretension to siicii controul as their lordsliips' pur 
pose implies, would be to legitimatize the act by 
which tliey c.ime into tiieir power. The Britisli go- 
vernment disclaims all right and all intentujn to 
them, and this disavowal is an ackuovvledgmeiit oC 
its obligation lo restore them to the same condition, 
and to the .^ame freedom, from which tliey were 
taken. Upon wiiat ground is it then tliat they are to 
be treated as prisoners of war ? Not many years 
s.incc all E.irupe resounded with t!ie complaints of 
Great Drilain against France for detaining as pri- 
soners of War certain British subjecls who, having 
entered the French terrritories intlie time of peace, 
Were found there in the breaking out of the war. — 
But, if that were regarded in England as an out- 
rage, will be thought of ! his detention, as prf- 
soucrs of war, of American seimen wlio, liavmg 
been wrongfully taken on tiie high seas and forcibly 
carried into the British service in time of peace, are 
found therein at the ijreaking out of a war doing her 
service and fighting her battles ? The conduct of 
Fnnce was ;'.ttempted to be justified by certain acts 
of F,ngland winch were alledgcd to be equally con- 
trary to the law of nations. But, what justifica- 
tion, Vvh"b,t excuse Can be set up fi)r Uiis conduct of 
Great Britain towards the impressed American sea 
men ? What infraction upon the law of nations, what 
violence or injustice exercised towards Britislt sub- 
iects, or what outrage is this cruel act to retaliate ? 
It cannot be the free and spontaneous permission 
given by the United States at the commencement of 
the war for every British subject, of every class and 
description, founrl within their territories or in their 
power, to reiurn to his country, that this imprison- 
ment of American seamen is to requite. And surel) 
this cannot be tlie indemnification which Great Bri- 
tain offers these unfortunate men for the wrongs she 
has inflicted on the.m, or the reward she offers them 
%' the seryice she has received at their hands. 

"To the unqualified prohibition of all correi:pcn- 
donee between myself and tlie impressed American 
seamen m his Britannic m.Jesty's fleet, so unreserv- 
edly St? ted in the letter of 'their lordships' secretary 
of the 6i!i I must conform, whatever m.iy be 
my sentiments and feelings respc ct!!ig it. The situ- 
ation in wluch these unfcirtimate men and m}self 
stood towards aach otlier, appeared not only to in- 
vite, but to authorise a communication between us. 
On their p;:rt, tlie object of this correspondence was 
to obtain iaibrmation and counsel as to the proper 
manner of conducting themselves under circum- 
stances the most d.riicult, and on an occasion ths 
most important and solenm, namel}', how to act 
while fijrcibly held to service in ships of war belong- 
ing to a st.'te eng.'iged in actual hostilities against 
their cotmlr}- ; a situation which their own good 
sense and proper feelings taught them was alike in- 
compatible with their rights and their duties. My 
part has been, after having waited five months ia 
Vain for a communicatioti of their lordships' inten- 
tions, lo recommend then:, since "here a])i)«'arf;d i:.<> 
means of their release, to give themselves tip as pri- 
soners of war ; an evil comparatively light lo that 
which they suffer. In other instances tin ir letters 
have related the rejection of their ofier and tlie 
threats ot pmtisliment, and all contain complaints 
of the unexampled hardship of their silUtttion." 

Turreau's Letter. 

Contrary to our usual cour::e, it is nccess.iry that 
the following letter should be preceded by a few 
explanatory remarks. We are tiie more v.'illing to 
do tills, because tlie cunuiiunication of the ex- 
French minister doe^' not appear to ha\e beea 
designr-d by him, ai:d s not acknowledged, as ..n 
official article. 

Tlie letter first appeared in a newspaper called the 
" Federal RffuitiUca)!,'^ printed at Georgetown irx 
tlie district ofColumtila. It seem.;, the c^;py from 
wiilch it Was published (as stated by the editors of 
that paper) was in the hand-writing of Mr. Gra 
ham, chief clerk in t!ie department of stale ; as is 
probablt: fiom the stiitement made by Mr. Giaham 
inniself in his letter, thereafter addressed to them, 
and inserted below. 

The matter of this letter has produced much discus- 
sion — some have contended that Its insolence ex» 
ceedcd that conduct of the British niiiiister Jack' 
son, for whicli he was discharged — and that it goc."j 
to shew " the hclgliih, ti>e length and tiie depth" 
of French iiijhiertce in the councils of our countiy 
— whereas others aver that it has no analogy to 
the case of Mr. Jackson, admitting that its matter 
was equally offensive ; for that Jucknu?! persisted, 
after being cautioned two or three times. In luj 
indecorous conduct; whereas Turreuu iiiimedi- 
alely witlidrew his letter, as is distinctly stated 
by Mr. Graham; and they further say, that it 
rather proves a British than a French influence 
existing in the executive; as Mr. Turreau is evi- 
dently displeased witii tlie manifested dispositio i 
of our government lo be on the b^ist leinis wiili 
his masLer's enemy, ami complains grievously of 
many siipposetl injuries done to Fr.mce. 

On these points some volumes of v. ords ha\e.drcady 
been written; and the reader will judge for him- 
self on what side the best of the urgumeiit lies, 

Baltimoiik, June 14, 18UP. 
The minister of France to J\>r. Robert Smith, se- 
cretary oj state. 
Sin — The federal government is going to settl3 
all its differences with Great ijritam, and to make a, 


treaty of amity, of coi-nmerceand of navigation v/ilh pow er. You, as well us Ivlr. GallaUii, have ma- 
nifested to me a de;sii"e also to n\akc a new conven- 
tion with l''rance, to th« tak^' place of that which ex- 
pires on the 30th S^ptcnihef next. 

I will for a moment call to your consideration 
rorretcrai voire rrjlcctionj this double object, which 
the federal government proposes to itself, and ihe 
didicidties of accomplishing it in a manner advan- 
tageous for all the contructing parties. My just 
deference for \()ur govennnent, sir, does not permit 
nie to in. ike :tny ob.servation on liie haste with which 
the executive has received the fir.';t overtures of the 
Eiiglish ministry yet composed of the same men who 
very lately discovered a very manifest, aversion to 
every .ipecies of concilintion, and who joined to a 
deni.'d of justice to the Americans, every asperity of 
forms, of tone, and of style towards the agents of 
your government. 

n 1 iiave sup})0.sed that this very haste was ne- 
cessary to satisfy tl>e wishes of the people, of whom 
foresight js not the first virtue, others may see in 
that piililical proceeding a precipitation, perhaps 
danger.ous, and if it does not lessen fne blessait 
p'lfij tile d'gnily of the executive, JTiay at least pio- 
'duce consequences prejudicial to tli« true interests 
of the imion. It is on very interests, much 
more on those of France, as its enlarged and 
ii'.ier.d policy, its principles of universal justice, and 
the elements of winch its powers is composed, have 
placed rt beyond all attacks fhors de toiites les at- 
teht'.esj — it is only on the interest of your govern- 
ment <i»:n I fix my attention and invoke yours, un- 
der a circnm-'t.'nice so deiic:ite. 

My correspondence with your predecessor is 
ennugli to cniivmce you, sir, th.'it 1 have not left 
Jiiin Ignorant oi the dangers of the crisis of Europe, 
and its ineviti^ble effects on the destiny of the states 
of the American union. I'ositive ami multiplied 
in'orm tion on the events of th" other continent and 
tiien-p^'otrible results, !kis einbied nie sometimes to 
raise the veil v.liich yet covers the designs of the 
first powers of t!ie political world. 

1 iiave tbour<i)t that it was not incompatilile with 
my duty to submit to the wisdotn of your govern- 
ment the new clumces wlucii the changes brought 
about in Enrope oifrr to the commercial interests of 
the United States and the inconveniences which mny 
result from their refusal to accede formally to the 
principles of the maritime confederation. 

It does not b; long to me to examine how ^'ar tlie 
pr"ccdmg administration was mistaken in its con- 
jectures ; but the verbtipropcEition which you have 
made tu me, sir, lo conclude a new convention (a 
proposition w^hich I have submitted to my court) 
necessarily leuls me to some observations on tlie 
respective position of Fr.ance and the United States. 

Your government looks to nothing in its treaties, 
but to the interests of its foreign commerce. Tliis is 
the principle object of its }),d!cy. France considers 
foreign cqmmerce only as an addition {'urcessoirej 
to its system of general administration. Numerous 
canals of communication, which aid its rivers, and 
in multiplying their directions, procures for it all 
the opening necessary to keep up in the interior and 
with its allies tlial immense circulation of all the 
objects of their reciprocal wants. In France com- 
jnerce is not a power CpnismnceJ in the state : it 
shares with other national professions the protec- 
tion of the government, which only honors tlicm 
vv'ith.its support and encouragement "in projjortion to 
the- degree ol iheir utility and importance. In short, 
foreign commerce is not" considered in France as an 
indLsoetisable thing, filthough it Is so considered in 
the IJiut^d glates. 

You will then readily see, sir, that France has not 
tlie same interest which the federal government has,^ 
to m.ake a treaty of commerce and navigation with 
the United Stales, wlule it is evident, that whatever 
may he the dispositions, the result does not offer an 
equality of advantage to the two governments. 

It is only, tiien, bj' .means of political sacrifices, one can re-establish the balance in a commer- 
cial treaty, and also render it of common utility to 
the two parties. Besides (and I have not suffered it 
to remain conce ded from the administration which 
preceded that of Mr. Madison) can the federal go- 
vernment believe, and I appeal to your discernment 
to judge, if the United Stales have not given cause 
of serious and multiplied complaints to France du- 
ring the terrible conflict which she has had to sus- 
tain :igainst all the armed powers of Europe. Not- 
withstanding ihepopuh'.r infitii:ition,aiid the hurry- 
ing gW of the public opinion, and the public favor 
towards a power systcmaticaliy inimical as well to 
the United States as to France, I will appeal to the 
authority of all the sensible men of your own coun- 
try, sir, to know, if for more than five years past the 
federal government has conducted itself towards the 
French government in a manner to merit the ad- 
vantages whicli you expect from a new convention. 

It would be useless and too tedious to examine 
here, what has already all the light of evidence, 
whether the preceding administration has not taken 
the worst course which it could liavc taken, to avoid 
collision With the two principal belligerent powers. 
The Americans have appealed to the rights of neu- 
trality, and until now at least their gov rnment has 
enileavored by j?roceedinas which I shall not permit 
myself to give a nameto(''</f giiaVfcrJ lo draw near 
lo Great lU-itain, who outrages or disowns the rights 
claimed; wliile it injures (^q/t/isaff^ France, whose 
measures h.ave llir tlieir object the' re-establishment 
and. the guarantee of these rights. 

Tliiis vour preceding administration, (for It is of 
that, anci tliat only, that I pretend to speak) placed 
itself by its political movement fmarcliej in mani- 
fest contradiction with its o\vn p'incipks. It has 
done more, and notwithstanding my represen.iati ms, 
it persisted CobsAneeJ to consider the two powers 
as doing equal wrong to the government of the union, 
an 1 to apply to tliem the effect of its neg.aiive mea- 
sures, while the outrages of England seemed to re- 
quire from their dignity the most energetic mea- 
sures of repression agairst that power. But in short, 
Ccar enfnj sir, it is lime to come to an explanation 
on the pretended wrongs of Fr.mce towards the 
United States and at le:ist oppose to them the inju- 
ries fles nJI'eiuieaJ done by the federal government. 

However .severe the decree of Berlin might seem 
in its applicHtioii to the United Slates, it was dc- 
monstraied that i«s consequences would be ulti- 
mately fen detKiPve avahixej favorable to their 
commercial pn'tensions, since its object was to reach 
fd'aicindrej a power v/ho had proclaimed its con^ 
tempt for the rights of nations : and without doubt 
the A mericans were the people the most interested 
in the success of that political act. There are howe- 
ver American merchants wlio, by all the means of 
the most shameful deception, have endeavored to 
elude the measn.res of France, and to second the 
efiorts of the common enemy to escape them, and 
have at length by their multiplied and proven u-aud.s, 
provoked the more severe dispositions of the decree 
of Milan. Tims, not only were the measures of 
France justified as measures of retaliation, but they 
were indispensable to free tiie American commerce 
from the yoke which Great Britain had placed on it, 
to cause to be respected in future the flag of neu- 
trals, ;md force that power to acknowledge the com- 



mon rigJit of np.tions and tlie dominion of the seas ; the small number who have abjured their country} 
aiid the confiscation, the sale, and tiie burning ofjtiiese Frenciimen will be every where assured ("as- 
some American merchunt vessels, having lUlse pa-' tmriexj of obtaining- indenmity for the damage done 
pcrj, and n;ivig-atin.; in contemp;. oftlieproliibition^ito th<;ir persons or to tlieir property. 

of tiicu- own government, to favor the enemies of 
France, have been legal measures, confcjiiridble lo 
the rig'h's of war, and whicti the force of circum- 
stances and tlie interest of all imperiously required. 
Eiit I appeal to you, sir, the council of Vv''ashington, 
of whicii you were tlien also a member — lias it given 
all t!ie necessary avtentioa to tlie rtprcsentauons 
m;.de on tlds subject by Mr. Champagny to Mr. 
Armstrong, as weii as to those which 1 considered 
it my duty to address to tlie secretary of state ? Has 
it been possible to make known through c he United 
States all the advantages which the American ]jeo- 
ple ought to find in the accompiishmcnt of tlie de- 
signs of France — to d.scuss its projects in the calm 
of Impar'iality, to cause the void; of reason and of 
principles to be heard, wlien the declamations of 
error or of bad faiih, (when tile ir.tiucnce of prepos- 
sessions and the clamors of party spirit preserved 
tlieir empire over tlie pui)lic opinion, or rather re- 
ce ved a ivvr force from the incertitude fincertituih-J 
or the silence of the [former] ancient executive 
conned? I'hat disposition, almost general, to attri- 
bute fa sitppfiaarj wrongs in Fr:uice, by way of 
weakening' fpoiir altenevrj the outrages of FiUg- 
iand — Was it foreign to the administration of winch 
I speak ? and that administration, has it always been 
willing to hear me, while I made it perceive the 
c m-.( quences of tlie conduct of the federal govern 
Uit-nt 111 regard to the French government ? Was this 
a iministia/ioii convinced that all governments are 
not disposed to forget or to suffer injuries flcs of- 
fitnsen'J With impunity i' 

In recalling to your recollection, sir, the wrongs 
of tlic federal government towards France, I onl) 
mention notorious acts, which my former correspon- 
dence has established — observing to you at the same 
time that I understand according to their class fje 
S'lmprcnib cLms leiir cathagoricj the particular of- 
I'ences of yoia* citizens ; for every government is 
bound fest sriUdairnJ in regard to other powers for 
tlie acts of its sulijc-ols ; otherwise it would not be 
a government, and could not offer either security or 
guarantee for the execution of its agreements. — 
Complaints were for a long time made to the United 
Slates of the delays whicli some American citizens 
'Kul experienced in receiving' the indemnities which 
were due to them, and of whic'.i the reimbursement 
\vas made f;-om a part of the funds destined for the 
acquisition of Louisiana; but the affair of tlielieirs 
of Beaum u'chais, who have in vain claimed for 2^' 
years a debt made sacred by his motives, proven to 
the last degree of evidence, and on which the de- 
clared interest of the French government does not 
admit of a put ofl^s it finished i* 

Capt Mouessant, the bearer of a leVter of marque, 
and commandant of an armed schooner, followed an 
English convoy, and was on the point of t dcing se- 
veral merchant vessels, when two"American armed 
brigs, and armed to protect the inPamous commerce 
■with St. Domingo, attacked him under the Englisli 
flag, and not only added treachery to superiority of 
force to get possession of the vessel of Mouessant, 
but after having pillaged it, massacred a part of the 
crew an hour after they had struck — and this crime, 
which remains unpunished, is so much tlic less for- 
gotten, as captain Mouessant never let go fquittej 
his flag. 

But it would be too tedious to relate to you all the 
particular acts in relation solely to P'rench citizens ; 
it will be sufficient for me to say to you that every 
where, where there are Frenchmen (I'don't speak of 

Tlit-reare other grievances fgrk/sj yet more se- 
rious, and from whicli France has a right to believe 
that the United States has a project of giving h-,i* 
inquietude tor her distant jiossessions, and for those 
of her allies. This has reference to the free com- 
merce betv>'een ti;e Americans and the rcolted 
blacks of St. Duniiiigo, the .affair of Miranda, and 
to the meditaied atU;ck on Spaniards on the S.ibine 
— an enterpri.-ie whicii would not have been given up 
Cii'a ec/ioufj but for tlie necessity under wliicii 
your government found itself of causing it^ tioops 
TO iitU back to guard Kew-Orieans aganist an inva- 
sion by internal enemies. 

I was far from thinking, sir, tliat tlie offence 

fscandiilej o( the commerce wuii the slaves in the 
revolved jiartuf St. Dc«ningo. The law of 'he em- 
b irgo confirming the prohibitory h,w passe^l liy con- 
gress hi IStJo — I could not presume tivit the 
go would be raised, aiiil that the l.i^v against this 
commerce v/ould not be continued. What, sir, the 
intercourse is pro'tubited between tlie United States 
and all the dependencies of the empire, under cir- 
cumstances wlien the connnerciai regulations v.uuld 
be the most advantageous to tlie t>vo slates, and you 
tolerate tliem only with diat one of our possessions, 
wliere we have the greatest interest to i)rosCL-ibe 
tlieni ! and it is to be rem.ukcu, tlint it is alv/avs 
[moreover] when France has to combat new co.all- 
tions on the other continent, that it v.-ould seem that 
efiorts are made to form enierprizcs agah'st its pos- 
sessions, or those of its allies in tliis one. It is also 
jirojjer to place among the number of grievanceii 
With which France has to charge the United States, 
the want of opposition, or ratlu-r, the useless oppo- 
sition, which the federal government has made to 
the impressn.ent of its sailors, seized in contempt 
of its flag, and with wliom the English arm their 
vessels against us. I have often, sir, and often ia 
Vain, protested against tiiis outrage of Great Britahi 
towards your government, and wiiicli has become a. 
serious injury (offence ) on the part of yDur govern- 
ment towards France. You furnish personal aid 
.Csec'iurs psrsnmtehj to our enemies. What could 
you do more if you were at war witK us ? Without 
doubt, it will not escape the present executive, that 
an amendmi-nt i« absolutely necessary, to render 
uniform the ^^eatment v.hicii cur sa dors and soldiers 
meet with in this country, and lliat which your sail- 
ors and soldiers meet witli in France. 

I liave not sufil-red my court to be ignorant of the 
abuses, without number, and extremely prejudicial 
to its inteiVsts, daily resulting from a wnnX. of a po- 
lice in the United States, in regard to this affair. — 
I am very far, sir, from charging your government 
with the means, the most shameful, of seduction, 
v.diich are employed to induce our :, ulors and our 
soldiers to desert, but has it done all that it ought 
to have done to prevent it ' and that extreme facility 
with which wlien tli-^y wish it Can besciinj mea 
drawn otf from their country an>l Un ir sovereign are 
naturalized, does it accord with tlie incoiitesiible 
right of governments to recover even without de- 
manding them, their subjects whom artifice or force 
has drawn off from their service ; and Franse, su', 
lias it not given on this subject, as on many (ithers, 
an example of the reciprocal resjiect whivli govern- 
ments owe to each other, and which they observe in 
Europe even in tlie midst of the horr..>rs of war? 
and. h.ave I itnt already warned the executive council 
lo put an end to these abuses ? Have I not warned 
itliem that the indemnity due for the loss of the 


Trench ship the Impet'ious, burnt by the enpmy ">vjih 
in a cable's leng-lh of your coast, ought to be decreed 
CstatiiesJ ;ind paid without del.iv — ,iiid Clie subtcr- 
tlii,'ues, (^penivt me to use the expression, I know 
no other to corve)' my kle;i) ;iiid die sublerrugcs, 1 
say, which have been employed to delr*y CnjuiimcrJ indemnity, have made of that ucl of violence 
on tlie part of our enemies, a dir'^ct offence of the 
Uiiiied States ag'.iiiisl P'i'Hiice. What more could 
VO'i do, what more could 30U leave undone, sir, if 
yoii liad a ti-eaty of alliance with our enemies ? 

You Mdll fi;id it convenient, sir, that I abridge the 
enumei-ation of ail the subjects of conipl lint, which 
the fedei-ai govcnnuent has given to France since my 
residence m the United Siates, and tliat I refer to 
my correspondence wi(h tiie department of state. 

I confine myself here to calling the attention, and 
llie attention the most serious, of the executive 
ii):jncil, to another grievance of the most serious 
kind — I knovi' notwliat would more sensibly oliend 
CojJhi3(j)'_) the Fi-ench empire. 

I comnience, sir, by agreeisg, that no government 
Iiai a rjglit to interfr;re witii tlie particular or muni- 
cipal laws of other countries, because it is supposed 
with reaaon that every g-over.nment will so far res- 
pect itself, as to circumscribe the effect of these 
local institutions, and to stop the licentiousness 
which tlie feebleness of laws always gives birth to, 
Sind the digressions' ('lesecarlsj of which may offend 
foreign powers. Can one supjiose tliut it was easy 
to avoid the JMst reproaches of sovereigns for offen- 
ces of lliis kind, where tlie weakness fla vicej of 
the instil (itions, and the want of action or of jiower 
m Uie depositaries of political autliorlty, render use- 
less n trial of the means of repression ? You have 
fbre^^^een, sir, that I am about to address you on the 
the indehnitc liberty of saying every tiling, of writ- 
ing erery thirig, and of printing every thing. 

I ain vfjry far from believing tiiat the excesses of 
j-our press have occupied for an instant the thoughts 
of tiie emp''ror and king my master — but .as it r^'s- 
pects this subject fa cet egc.rdj 1 am here as the 
organ of the whole French empire, .•'ud, if I do hoI 
see without p.: in, the ravnges CravigesJ \\\\\i\\ the 
delirium of the insolence of the greater part of your 
periodical writers occasions amongsi } otiraelves, }'ou 
Will judge that I do not hear without indignation all 
that people permit themselves to, say or to write 
against France, iier institutiois, and the sacred per- 
son of her august representatr.'e. 

You will see, sir, that on this subject, as on a^l 
ethers, tlie redress of grievances is an indispensable 
pre-i-eijuisite to tlie formation of a new treaty be- 
tween liie tM'o powers. 

It was sufhciently painful to me to address yon 
fentreteiiirj on the complaints of Fi- noe agamst 
the United States, without laying them open to you, 
i 1 the form of an oflicial note. I have thou.ght that 
k simple letter, the tone of which would apijroich 
rearer to that of our conferences, would produce 
the same effect witii 3 on, sir, w'lose liberal ju-mci- 
ples*and loyal character are known to me. I have 
thought that you v/ould be af^icted, as I am, at the 
obstacles CiniravesJ which the preceding adminis- 
tration h«s been able to plaice in the way of a hearty 
reconciliation fa un ruprochment plus in time J be- 
tv/een our governments, and whici) their mutual in- 
terest renders more necessai y than ever. 

4 iiave thought, also, that I could even on a sub- 
ject so serious, fgruvej and without deviating 
frquij, qr with propriety fsans blemer les 
ct'sj ;?dopt a mode of communication more anala- 
g-ous to the conformity of our views and our efforts 
to m;i}nt.ain harmony between France and the United 
ytates ; j-ind have found here, too, the satisfaction 

-of being able to offer to your sentiments a new tri- 
bute of respect. 

Receive, su-, t!ie homage of my high considera- 
tion. . 

(Signed) TUEKEAU. 

To the editom of the Fedevnl T^ep-'ihljcr'n. 

Your last paper has been siiov.n to me, in which 
you state that you have in my liand v.'nting the 
translation of the Ic.-tter from generrd Turreau to 
■Mr. Smith, published in your'prccedirig nujnber. — 
.\sl believe tliatsome person has intcndtd to prac- 
tice a fraud upon the public by means oi that letter, 
and, if I am silent after my name h:is been mention- 
ed, that I may be considered a party to it, or other- 
wise be ex]K)sed to unjust imputations, I think it 
proper to say, that no such letter as you have pub- 
lished is in the department of st?te, or ever 
there, to my knowledge, unless it is a letter with- 
drawn by general Turreau, of which I rcnicmbcr to 
liavc mtde a translation for Mr Smith, as he did 
not read French himself This letter was consider- 
ed so exceptionable, that general Turreau was, as 
I understood tVom Mr. Smiih, compelled to with- 
draw it, or to subject himself to con.sequenccs more 
unpleasant. The translation of this letter I gave to 
Mr. Smith ; v/hat he did with it I know not; but if 
the paper you have is in my hand-writing, 1 iku not 
hesitate to say, that it is the translation of tiie letter 
widulrawn; for I know tliat with the exception of 
that letter, 1 never hav^e translated one from •reneral 
Turreau to Mr. Sniitii bearing the slightest resem- 
blance to the one jou have published. 

My oidy object in sending \ou this statement, is 
vfiu sliould publish it, that those of your readers 
w!io liave seen my name introduced itUo your co- 
lumns to give authenticity to what you cuusidcr an 
ofiici.'d paper, should know the f ,cts here i-.tatLd. 

JFasMngto7i, 31sf Aiigiist, 1813. 

Stamp Duties. 

Treasury DcparUwnt, Rci'cmie Office, Aug. 20, 1813. 

Ill pursii;iiicei.rar. act of oonRriss, passed on the second day of 
Aii;!;iist, one tliotisa'id ci^lit hundred and tliirteeii. eiailled "An 
attiayir.g (lutii's 011 iP.tes id' Imiilis, bnnkei's and certain conipp.- 
nies, and on llie bills oi e.\eliaiige ol ceitnin <lescr;|)tions." itiut fi otu 
and af'tir the last d.iy ot Dee-jinber next, there vill te levied, col- 
lected «nd paid, l]:rouKliuut the Unite<l Siates, the several stamp 
duties following, viz. 

lor every skin or piece of velliim or parchment, or sheet or jiiece 
I of pap' r, upon w'hich shall be written or printed any or cither of 
t the instruments of writing lollowinp, viz : 

i On any pro7nison/ jiUc or nUcs pmjiihte either to hearer nr tn'der, 

\i:/siif<t by cny of the brinks or conijiaiiirs zvhu issue and discount 

I jwlc.i, builds or obligations, cither iminjmwted or i.ot inriirpm-nted, 

\whirh iimu are or may hi-naper lie establis/ied in the United States, 

or by any bank or bankern (In case snch a eomp,^ny. hanker or baiik- 

ers, shall not agree with thf secretary of the li< usury to an anntial 

coiyposifioii, iiilieu of suth duties, of one and an half per centum 

I on the amount ol their annual dividends) according t« the follow- ' 

iii{\; scale, viz: 

If not exceeding one dollar, one cent. 

If above one dollar, and not exceeding two dollars, two cents« 

If above two anil ni.t exceeding three dollars, three cents. 

IJ abovt three aud not exceeding live dollars, five cents. 

If abovr tiye and uot exceeding ten dollars, ten cents. 

If above ten and not cxeeeiling twenty dollars, tv^cnty cents. 

If above twenty and not exceeding tiUy dollars, tifty cents. 

If above fifty and not exceeding one huurtied dollars, one dollar. 

If above one hundred and not exceeding live hundred dollars, 
five dollars. 

if alinve five hundred and not exceeding one thousand dollars, 
ten dollars. 

If above one thonsand dollars, fifty dollars. 

0)j any bond, ohligalian or prumisury note or notes not issued by 
any bank, company or banker as afuresuid, dixrountcd by any such 
b(tnk,c(nnpanies 01 banker, and un any foreign orinland bilis of ex- 
change a-.-ove ffty dollars, and having one or mme endorsers, ac- 
cording tothefuiioioing scale, viz: 

If not exceeding one hundred dollars, five cents. 

If above one hundred anil not exceeding ;00 dollars, ten rents. 

If above two hundred and not exceeding 501 dol. twenty-five cts. 

If»ljove iive hundred and not exceeding dollars, fifty cents. 

li above one fliousaiid and not exceeding 1.500 dol. 7p cents. 



irahove fifteen humlred and not 'xc'din^ 2,000 dol. one dol. 

If at'O'. e two thousand and not exctedii.g three thousand dol- 

r% u:ir'd(>!l;\ruiid fifty <;fiits. 

.'; above t!\ri (.- t.'iijusand and not exceeding 4,000 dol. two dol. 

..: a'l.ov,' four inousHnd and not e.xctcding Tive thousand dollars, 
: J dollars and tifty ciiits, 

;. i>ic.-vc five liio'osand and not exceeding seven thousand dol- 
^t:, three dollars a:i;l lift) cents. 

r ."abjve sevfn liiotitand' and nut exceeding 8,000 dol. four dol. 

i. atcvc eig'i: thousand dollar-., tivr doiiars. 

^li whii.'h «ta>n|>s liav^ ior tli ir Ug'.iid the dvity as above 
= ' liticii, .vith til'.' ilevio^ of aiir.igk- ^learniffa sliii'ld. 

■\!!tras;iry andoth'-r notes, tor the us( or htiietil of the United 
• .si iin purs;iaiie'- of any act of uoiijjres;., or drafts or Ulls drawn 
ty the- tr-tisi'.rtr of the U/iitcd States or checks pa\abl_- at sight 
njioii ai.y liaiik, coinpaiy or hanker, are exempted from diityaiiil 
are not rquii'.d to be st.impnl ; and no duty is charged on a se- 
cond or otiifv ropy of a srt of e.xchange. 

When any person sh'ill d -posit aoy vVllnm, parchment or paper, 
at the oftife of a collector, ac:eouipanying the same with a list 
spLCifying the nunilier and denominution of thf staoi jis which are 
to lie th- r-to afti\ed, it wi!i hi the duty of the eollectorto trans- 
u.iL the same te tlie otRee of the eommissiontr of the ivveime, wlieie 

such paper, parchment and vellum will be properly marl^ed or 
siiiiniied,and forthwith S' nt back to the collector, whoW'iU deliver 
the same, pursuant to the order of the person from whom it was 

Stamps on paper will be transmitted from this officer ]to the col- 
lectors, who Will deliver the same, on the payment of the duty, to 
the persi.n apjilying thereon. Incase of stamps r<'(|uired on vel- 
lum or parchment, the vellum or parchment must invariably lie 
transmitl'd, through a call 'ctor, to this office, whence it will be re- 
in iied stamped to the collector, suhji-ct on the ppyoii^nt of the 
duty, to ihf order of the person from whom it was ivc! iVert. 

Any pt rson, other than anotiicrr r iii[)loyed in collecting the re- 
vinut of tile United States, » ho sliall apply to a collector at his 
oifiat-for the purchase- at one time of a i|nhiitily of stampeil vellum, 
parchment or paper, the duties on which shall amount to ten dol- 
lars or upwards, shall receive from him siicli ((nantity of vellum, 
parchment or paper, on said person's paying douu the amount of 
said duties, aftcrdeducting therefrom seven and one half per cen- 
tum ilureon. 

Given nuder my hand at Washington, the day and above- 
m^nlioiied S.^MUEL H. SMITH, 

Commiisiuner nf the Revenue, 

Prices Current. 

We have spared no pains to fill tip the tiillowiiig table ; but had not the power to render it more 
coinplste than it is. At Boston, JVcv-York, Philuddplua and Ualiimove, tlie "prices current" are regu- 
I;i"ly published. The other items were f'urriisiied tVnni rlie private correspondence of several merchuuts. 
Tile present contrast of the value of conimodities is curious ; and the whole is intei'esting to tiie history 
o^' the United States. 



^2 ^ 

to * 

00 ? 

- x" 


to — . 

At B.iitim 
Sept. 4, 1 



■ yi 



»— ^ c 


OC o 


OC § 

■ tr. e- 

■ y; 

co = 



CD -, 

OC X. 

>-' _. 




» Cts. 

S ^i'! 

S C7*. 

h ^'i"- 



S Cis 

S tV6- 

S Ots. 

'fy Cis. 

^ Cts. 

Ashes, pot, 1st .sort 


il2 5U 

110 o;; 

Ueef, mess, 2U01bs. 


11 75 

10 50 

15 50 

13 75 

Coeee, best W.I. 








Cotton, N. Orleans 








Sea Island 





f no 

C sales 








Flour, superfine 


11 87 

8 50 

7 50 

6 00 

4 50 

*4 00 
*p. cwt 

10 25 

9 25 

Grain, Wlieat 



1 64 

1 25 

1 2^. 

1 05 

1 05 


1 73 

1 0,5 



Indian Corn 

1 67 

1 03 





1 CO 


Hemp, Am. 



300 00 

300 00 

140 00 

160 00 

140 00 

Iron, bar — Am. 


105 OU 

107 00 

112 00 


103 00 

135 00 

115 00 

120 00 

Lead, pig 


11 2: 

15 00 

14 50 

14 00 

r 25 





1 10 

1 15 

Naval stores, tar 


3 50 

3 50 

4 25 

3 70 

1 05 

turpentine, soft 

3 50 

4 25 


2 12 

2 12 


3 25 

4 50 

4 00 

2 50 

1 06 

Oil, whale, common 







1 30 

1 40 


1 51, 




33 00 

33 50 

Pork, best 

27 00 

21 50 

17 50 

21 00 

Piaisler of Paris 


12 50 

20 00 

27 75 



8 00 

9 00 

12 00 

3 00 

4 50 

3 00 

Spirits, Fr. Brnndy 


2 37 

1 87 

2 20 

3 25 


1 60 

1 70 

1 47 

1 62 

3 00 

N. England 


1 07 

1 00 

1 00 

Rye whiskey 







Sugar, best brown 


18 73 

21 50 

22 00 

26 5(.t 



24 00 

20 00 

9 00 

Salt, St. Ubes 




1 10 

1 25 



14 50 

18 5(( 

16 00 

19 50 

Teas, Hyson 


I 75 

1 70 

1 72 

1 95 



3 00 

Tobacco, best J R. 


9 00 10 00 

S 00 

8 00 

5 00 

4 50 

5 25 

Wine, Madeira 


2 75 3 2.5 

3 50 

3 75 

Pi-ice of Stocks— U. S. 6 per cent. At £osto7i, Aug. 23, 1813, ^9u.25 ; at jYcu-roifc, Aug. 28, 1813 
ByO.25; lit Philadelphia, Aug. 30, 1813, g,92.00 ; at Baltiinore, Sept. 4, 1813, S92.iJ0. 

3 percent, at Boston, Aug. 23, 1813, ^53.00; at ,\^e-u,.Yovk, Aug. 28, 1813, ^53-50 ; at Philadelphia, 
Aug. 30, 1813, S53,0U; at Bahimurc, Sept. 4, 1813, 5553.50. 

exclumge on London— Xl Bo.iton, Aug. 23, 1813, ^84.50; at jXew-Vork, Aug. 28, 1813, S86.50; at 
Philadelphia, Aug. 30, 1813, §83.00 ; at Baltunore, Sept. 4, 1813, %&5.00 per cent. 



The itiortal remains of La-urence ard IauUov ar- 
rived at New- York by lavd, on t!ie 13fli inst. v/ithoul 
•the " mi^nmimows" permission of the Uritish ofti- 
cer oi\' /^eiu-Lundon, to bring- llirm by w.iter. The)^ 
•Were delivered on board tlic U. S. slooj) of war JJlcrt, 
ontil the committee of tb.e corporation of Ihe city 
Lad arranged the ceremonies with v;hich Ihey 
should be finally interred. On the day of their arrival 
the S:!gs of all the vessels in the harbor wei'e at 

A lioaton paper says. It has "the pleasure to state," 
that captain Oliver, finally acceded to the request 
of Decatur for the passage of the Henry to New 
York, with the remains of Laivrence and Litdloiu. 

The Greek ship Jerusalem, of 7 or 800 tons, from 

stores necessary for the crew,) beint^ reputed the 
pioduce or manufacture of an enemy's country, will 
not be admitted. They must provisionally be se- 
questered and a report m.ade forthwith to the direc- 
tor general, with particular remarks, as vrell as the 
motives set forth by the m. aster in support of his an- 
swers on his exanuuntion ; in order that the minis- 
ter of commerce, to wlion\ the whole will be refer- 
red, may ultimately pronounce. 

A Cinciiwati paper of Sept. 4, says, " during- the 
present week about 40U0 Kentucky volunteers pas- 
sed tlirough thi;j Uuvn on their way to the N. W. 
army," Tliey -were in higli spirits, and commanded 
by the venerable ^Shelby. Some companies have also 
passed through C/iilicothe. 

It will be recollected by most of our readers that 
the state of J\orth Carolina, lung since, directech"a 
sword to be presented to "col. Isaac Shelby," (now 
governor of Kentucky,) for his gallant conduct at 

Ha^aniia, fur Boston, laden with sugar, has been A'«?(^^sn!(?7i7i;a?:»,in the rev<;lutionary war. Tliis sword. 

captured by the British and sent to Haiifax. She is 
said to be detained in consequence of having some 
pig- copper on board. 

The London papei's say that admiral Warren is 
recalled, to he replaced by lord Keith — Tlie causes 
assigned are the second escape of commodore Ilodg- 
ers, and the permission given by him to the Ameri- 
can negnciators to sail to Russia. 

The London Star, of July 8, says— " The Ameri- 
can envoys have arrived at Copenliagen, to excite 
new animosities against Great Britain and Wie cause 
of Europe. 

We Cinnot flatter ourselves with any prospect of 
peace from them, since they have commenced their 
diplomatic tour by a visit to Copenliagen." 

French decree of the llth Jpril, 1813. 

Tiie vessels captured by the American privateers 
viU be admitted into the ports of France. 

The administration of tlie prizes and the proceed- 
ings for condemnation are to be made b} tlie consuls 
of the United Stales.* 

Immediaiely on the arrival of the prizes, the car' 
gi»es will be lodged in the government warehouse 

A!! tiie goods and merchandize of the same de- 
scription with those admitted to an entry who.n cap- 
tTired by French privateers, will enjoy the same pri- 

Those prohibited must remain in the govei-nment 
store till re-exported to the United States. 

The goods and merchandise on board the priva- 
teers, will not be admitted, 

Circvlar letter of 2fi'/t ^Iprilofthe directors general oj 
the custnins, comineiUi.7ig on the above decision. 

From the preceding dispositions, the prizes made 
by the American privateers are entitled to the same 
privileges as those made by oiu* own, wiih respect 
to such goods as are admitted to an entr}'. Tiiose 
prohibited, of being burnt or destroyed, 
will be kept in the government warehouse, to be re- 
exported to the United States. 

'I'liat destinati(m ..being exclusively assigned, 
bonds, or acquits a caution, must be given, and 
which can only be cancelled on producing the cer- 
tilicale of landing in the United States, signed by 
Ihe French consul. 

Colonial i)roduce or other goods tliat may liappen 
to be onboard the American privateers (except tlie 

* This provision merely alludes to the proceedings 
for condenmation, and does not interfere with the 
agency of the merchant consignee. 

of exquisite and costly workmanship, was presented 
as the venerable warrior when preparing to set out 
tor the N. W. frontier. — A happy time ! — IMay glory 
light upon it! 

Sev^n pieces of cannon, with 28 ammunition and 
baggage waggons, passed through Troy (N. Y.) on 
the 6th inst. for Burlington. 

We have cheering accounts from that part of the 
forces of the U. S. committed to the ch.'U'ge of maj. 
gen. lla-mpton, at hnrlingion. He has done much to 
prepare them for the time that is at hand. The 
English emissaries, to discourage enlistments and 
break down the spirit of the people, have done much, 
in the papers, to kill off his troops, by disease. Se- 
veral officers have taken the trouble to tell these 
folks that they lied — it is an useless waste of breath 
to correct the knuves ; for if driven from one theme 
they have only to fasten on another. 

Two soldiers were lately sIiot at Charleston, S. C, 
One for desertion, the other for sleeping on his post. 
Three others sentenced to the same punishment were 

JVorihem army and Ontario feet. — Commodore 
Channceif sailed from Sackett's Harbor on tiie 28tk 
ult. with all his squadron for a cruize, that it was 
thought would be decisive. Letters of the 7th inst 
from tort George state the British fleet was then in 
sight, and that our commodore was weighing an- 
chor to go and meet them. Gen. fVilhin son Arrived 
at fort George on the 7th or 8ti\ inst. Gen. Leivis has 
retired to his seat at Strasburg, " for the benefit of 
his health." Tlie Mary, a private vessel, laden with 
199 barrels of flour belonging to the United States, 
i>as been captured by the enemy. One account says 
that .sir George Pt-evosi lias gone towards fort George 
with nearly his whole force, while another would 
make us believe that he was strengthening himself 
at Kingston, in expectation of an attack : we think 
the latter is the most probable. It is positively 
stated that Yeo Iias 32 guns more tlian Channcey— 
yet our brave lellov/s are very sangiune of success. 
Ry what we learn from Burlington, an important 
movement may be immediately expected. Indeed 
the time seems big with events, and we are on the 
stretch for news from all quarters. 

.A^ W. army. — We have so often, (perhaps impru- 
dent ly) expressed an idea that Harrison was about 
to act offcnsiveh', and clear the N. W. frontier of 
the allied barbarians, that we shall say nothing more 
on the pruapects of this portion of the national force. 
But this we believe, that Shelby will not permit it to 
be idle much longer. 

It is intimated, that nearly all the Ohio militia 
have been ordered home by the commanding gene- 



r&l. The patriotism and patience of tiiis invaluable 
people I\;tve been severely tested, on several marti- 
tyinjj occasions ; and we fear, if a reverse should 
take place, they may not be calculated upon liere- 
after, except uiulerthelr own leaders, for the imme- 
diate defence of their state. 

A letter from Seiieca of August 27, states, that 
the Queen Cliarlotte has been sometime at JMalden, 
repuu'injj very considerable damages she receivc<i 
by some shots from the battery of Erie. Another of 
the aoth, states, that Perry s HotiUa, afier luving 
visiied tiio enemy's fleet, Iving- under tlie guns of 
^[aldcn, returned to Siuub/nl-i/. MHicn oin- vessels 
neu'ed that place, the utmost alarm prevailed, and 
the women and children were seen running and 
screuniii.q: in every direction. The savages looked en 
with asionishment, and much desired their allies to 
^o o'lt and fight us ; but they would not. Perry 
Hailed again on the 31st pr^'pared, from his previous 
observations, to attscic the enemy- 

Our last date from the sirmy is of the 2d inst.— 
%vhen it seemed as if great preparations were makinj:;' 
f.)r a speedy embark.ation, and an attack on the allied 
fi roes in several waj's. 

We have much mitter respecting tUe arrest of 
m jor (noviT lieuter.cni-colonei) Croghan, by general 
Havriso7i anterior to tlie affair at Sandusky, though 
his sword and the command were restored to him, 
before he liad covered himself with glory. Lieut- 
Col. Crog-han acquits and fully justifies his general 
— iiere, v.e think, the matter should have stopped ; 
but the iield officers of the N. \V. army have also 
made a publication about it. Wlien room is allowed, 
these thuigs shall be inserted for record. 

CmtiiOTHE, August 13, 1813. 

Sir — In co'^sequence of the gallant defence winch 
tinder the influence of Divine Providence, was effect- 
ed by you, and il'e troops under your command, of 
Fort Stephenson, at Lower Sandusky, on the even- 
ing of the 2nd inst. — the ladies of the town of Chi- 
licothe, whose names are undersigned, impressed 
V/ith a higli sense of your merits as a .soldier and a 
gentleman, and with great confidence in your patri- 
otism and valor, present you with a SWORD. 

Major Gkokgi: Choghan. 

Mary Finley, Mary Sterret, Ann Creighton, Eli' 
7a Creigliton, Eleanor Lamlj, Nancy Waddle, Eliza 
Carlisle, Mary A. Soutiiward, Susan D. Wheaton 
C IVaslungton City J Richamali Irwin, Judith Dela- 
no, Margaret M'Lanburg, Margaret Mdler, Eliza- 
beth Martin, Nancy M'Arthur," Jane M'Coy, Livi- 
nia Fulton, Catliarme FuUerton, Rebecca iVI. Orr, 
Susan Walker, Ann M. Dunn, Mwrgaret Keys, Char- 
lotte Jrime.-?, Esther Doolittle, Eleanor Buchannan, 
Margaret M'Farland, Deborah Fcrree, Jane M. 
Evans, Frances Brush, Mary Curtis, Mary P. 
Brown, Jane Heylin, Nancy Kerr, C:it])arine Hough, 
Eleanor Worthington, MaVtlia Scott, Sally M'Le'ne. 

Cari-icoTHF, August lA, 1813. 
Sir — As agents to carry into effect the pleasure of 
the ladies of Chiiicothe, we herewith transmit you, 
by expi-ess, a SWORD whicli they beg vou to receive 
from them, as a testimonial of tlie high sense they 
entertain of your military talents, as displaced lii 
their defence against the enemies of our countrv, on 
the 2iid inst. in tlie memorable defence of Ft)n Ste- 
phenson, and in the signal defeat of the combined 
British forces and their Indian allies before tliat 
place. They commit the surety of their respect to 
their youtliful soldier, believing it will be more 
acceptable to him tlian any otiier they could present, 
and in full confidence that he will never use it un- 
worthy the liigli character he has attained. 

They request major Croghan, to present their en- 
tire approbation and thanks to the officers and sol- 
diers ot his heroic little band, for the gallant man- 
ner in which they seconded his views, and maintain- 
ed the unequal conflict. 

That Heaven may prosper you, sir, in your fu- 
ture military career, they earnestly pray. 

We are, sir, in behalf of tlie ladies of Chiiicothe, 
votu" most obedient humble servants, 

A. D. Q. ai. Geu. 
jyiajor George Croghan. 


Ln-jver Sandusky, 25th Aitgvst 1813. 

Ladtts of CHiticoTHK 1 liave i"ec(iived th« 

SWORD which y<ju liave been pleased to present 
to me, as a tesUmoiilal of your approbation of my 
conduct on the 2nd inst. A mark of distinction so 
"tiattering and so unexpected, has excited feelings 
which I cannot express. 

Yet while I retorn you thanks for the unmerited 
r^iftyou have thus bestowed, I feel well aware, tliat 
my good fortime (which was bought by the activity 
of t!ie brave ofticers and soldiers under my com- 
mand) has raised in you expectations from my future 
efforts, which must, I fear, be sooner or later disap- 

Still I pledge myself, (even though fortime should 
not be again propitious) that my exertions shall be 
S'.ich as never to cause you in the least to regret the 
honors you have been pleased to confer on vour 

youthful soldier." G. CROGHAN. 

Lower Sandusky, 25.'/:, Aug. 1813. 

Messrs. Finlky and Wiikaton : 

Gkvtlkmk-n — T!ie aiuord which vou liave been 
pleased to forward me in behalf of the ladies of Clii- 
hcothc, has been delivered. Tlie only return I c:-,n 
-make to you and them, for so distinguished a mark 
of your favor, is a promise to use my best exertions 
to become worthy of it. G." CROGHAN. 

THE CRKEKS, some weelis since, qM oiTt'ie conitnMn'ffltina 
hptw.'t n St. Stephens and Gti)i'gi;i, and Ui» mails lor Louisiana, 
We iit-lievi-, aie now sent by llie Way of Fovt Adams. A si^ivii.isli 
betwcrn alindy ol'the'" patriotic allies" and a paiiy uf tlie niilitia 
tnnl< [>l:ice as the ibrnier were iK inning from Pciisacola wit!) a 
sin)i)ly of niilitaiy stores, with a view to seize them. The militia 
partially effr itfd iheiv ohject, yet were ouiii|)i iicil (o retreat with 
the loss of two killed. Cut, we apprehend, this unpleasant busi- 
ness will spe'.'dily he settled. Anxions tospme this deluded people, 
the govenimeni and its agii.tshavt stayi d theavenfjinparm un- 
til Ibrhear.iiiec was almost a crime; and tlie force that has been 
detacht-d tor the jiurpose will iaunediatrly command the "war par- 
ty" to keep the pi ace. Indeed, is has been re\)(n'ted in Georgia, 
tbat alarmed at the preparation j made, they were about to submit" 
It is a curiuiis pulitical reiriaik, as adapted to the 
parties of the United St.ites, tliat the "peace party" 
of the Creeks are on the best terms with our admin- 
istration. And, it must be admitted, that this 
race of aboriginals have been treated with tlie utmost 
gentleness and generosity. Tliey have no possible 
c.iuse of complaint, (nor do they alledge any) against 
us. But the "eoer wreichful infvvce of Britain" is 
among tiiem ; and the lives of hundteds of deluded 
creatures must pay tlie forfeit of her crimes. Such 
is the spirit o( the government of England — nor does 
it care if a whole people be exterminated, provid- 
ed her puipose is effected. AA'ading to its arm-pits 
in blood, the po'.ir Creeks will add but little to the 
crimson delude that wastes the world. Sfie counts 
the cost of lives by the entries on the books of her 
custom houses — the virtue of her government is in 
the pounds, siulliugs and pence of the pensions and 
revenues of those thatudminister it; and instead of 
tlie "shield" she has become the curse of huvranity, 
prowling through all nations and crying'*i.ET elood!' 


N.VVAL. .Yet the dispute was obstinate, .tnd manv were kille^ 

There were about eighty American prisoners atlon eacii side. Several of the Matilda's' people wei-e 

killed and wounded after her colors were down ; th^ 
captain of t!)e l<ion having ordered no quarters. 

Some of the American privateers, we learn from 
London papers, are " very vexatious on the coast of 
Ireland." The P"ox got a supjily of provisions and 
water " from the country people."' Many valuable 
ships have been prever^ted front sailing on her :<c- 
count ! If the United St.ates w(;uld fit out 50 or 60 
of our f;ist sailing vessels, with 10 or 12 guns eacti 
and from 89 to 120 men, with orders to " sink, bum 
and destroy all that swims," .after the manner of the 
Chef;apeak-e heroes, we should have tlie re."d v.".lvie of 
that bwast that Britain ov/iis the winds and sea. They 
xre the very things to make the enemy feel the 
wrongs lie has conmiitted, 

I'iie True Blooded Yankee has at last been t.'»ken 
by tiie English— she had only 32 men oa board at 
the time. 

Our naval force on Chmnplain is increasing. So is 
llie Brifisli. We look for a fierce rencontre on this 
lake, before long. 

T!ie cartel ship Moses Rrown has arrived at Xew- 
York, from Ciiatham, (Eng.) with 272 American 

A small vessel was lately sent out fpom Fort 
(^lales (Nev.'-York) in disguise, aVid succeeded in 
" siuTounding" one of the British barges, after kil- 
ling several of the crevr-— the rest were brought 
into New-York. 

Le-Mx^ squadron or flotilla of gun boats, for the 
defence of New-York, consists of 26 sail of vessels ; 
Well fitted for service, and manned with excellent 
crews, completely discipliried. They passed into 
the sound, and exchanged a few shots on the 9!h 
inst. with the British frigate Acasta, and Atalanta 
sloop of war, off Hunter's island. It blew hard ; 
com. Lewis could not force a general battle, the ene- 
my retired to tiieir former station off Gai-diner's 
island. After which tiie flotilla returned and re- 
sumed their olct post at Sandy Hook. 

Tlie gun boat that w^s taken by the British in 
the Delaware, ha.s since drifted on shore, near Great 
Egg lluibor, without any person on board, but little 
injured, except in iier upper works. But those who 
found her cut her to pieces to get out the iron that 
Was in her ! 

The British have refused to acknowledge as a 
cartel the packet sent into England by commodore 
Rodgers [see lastno. page 28.] The prisoners, there- 
fore, we suppose as lost to exch.inge. 

It is slated that one of our privateers ofl' Loiigh- 
willy, Ireland, has captured "five linen ships" and 
sent them to Norway. 

On Monday last the British frigate that has been 

cruising for some time off" Sandy Hook, chased a 

as unlawful) that would deprecate the fair retalia- smack close in with tiie light. Some guns were fired 

at her from the fort, two of which, from the appa- 
rent confusion on board, was supposed to have taken 
e'Tccl, on wiiich she sheered off. She also fired to- 
-wardi the fort, but her shot fell greatly sliort. I'he 
smack escaped ; and the frigate has been more man- 
nerly since. 

Oitr frigates. — We hear nothing of the President, 
Congress or Essex since our last. 

At our latest accounts from tlie coast of North 
Carolina, the letter of marque schooner Gl-ol)e, of 
Baltimore, was in chase of his majestjj's schooner 
Paz ; and we expect has caught her. 

The citizens of Georgetown, Demerara, have 
erected a monumental tablet to the memory of the 
Britisli captain Peake, who fell in the action between 
the Hornet and Peacock, and have presented to Mrs. 

Gibraltar, on tiie 1st of June. The;r pnrt of 
them are imhrensed seamen ; who, by a physical re^ 
surrection, were restored to tlieir rights as .Imeri- 
cmiK, being given up by the ships of war, or " iioat 
ing hells," on that station. If this outr.ige on all 
that is honorable and just, in m.iking prisoners of 
those that violently fell into the liands of tlic enemy 
in time of peace, is persevered in ; and the British 
shall discliarge all such in tiieir navy, the " xoell 
inclined''^ may boast that the I> dance of prinoners 
will be In their fiivor. This pi-ocednre, all things 
considered, is one of the most b:irbnrous of tiie 
barbaripms of the enemy. It has a character of 
meanness and of cruelty tiiat words are incoin])etent 
to convey the idea of. It is tiie opposite of all thai 
is noble, honest or humane. It is purely " British 
mr'n-iianimilif :" a thing (hat the more dignified ^H- 
gerine would acknowledge as despotism, power 
giving the law. 

Weil do I recollect the Iiowlings of the " British 
writers" on botli sides of the .Vtlantic, when, after 
the breach of the peace of Amiens by Uie Evfflinh, 
Ilonaparte detained as prisoners of war certain 
J2H.olishinen that had voluntariiy entered within his 
dominions. Tlicy seeii-ed if tliej' nould h ive moved 
Iieaven and eart'i, and "■ (.he regions under the earth," 
in hostility to Frmice for this nefarious deed. And 
what an outcry would those persons have made, if 
we had so detained tlie tens of thousands of the good 
s>ibjects of " l;is majesty" that were ^aiid yet are) 
ssie.iking through the United Slates, to do tiie busi- 
ness of j'o^rtZ/w dvA BnU.iIi commerce? Would they 
not have travelled to France, as tlie custom is, for 
the precedent, t.alking largely of " French ivfai- 
enre .?" But — 'vhere is the sympathy of these men 
for tlieir ^nun brethren so treated by the I'ritish .'' Is it 
locked up in the temple Oi Juggernaut with " British 
religion," enlisted on the side of" Bi-iJish liberty" 
m Ireland or India, or pitcked up in the militar\ 
chest at Afaldeh, wiiere " liumanity" keeps its mo- 
ney tor tlie purchase of scalp!;? It must be some- 
v.-hrrc, for those that wvve so sensitive a few years 
ago, on f. foreign subject, should have some feeling 
when the case, vastly aggi-avated, lies at their own. 

This procedure must be corrected — " jjeaceably, 
if we can, violently if we must." We hope that con- 
gress \^-ill look to it. We li,ive yet iiostagi^s enougli 
for tlie just treatment of our invaluable seamen ; 
and would detain as prisoners, for e.rcfiange, every 
Engliskman of sucli description of pers.ins as we may 
be assured yet considers the " fast anchori'd isle" as 
his home. All the world would applaud the justice 
and poiic}" of this conduct ; and a wretch, indeed, 
lie must be (excejit he is of those wiio hold all wars 

tion. With all our heart and soul, we say, let it he 
dine — and the balance will soon be on the otiier 
side. Snch was the line that guided Waaldngto)! 
and tauglit the foe iiunianity, in tlie former war. 

The new sloop of war launched at Charlestor.-n, 
(Mass.") on t'le lltli inst. is called the " Frolic" in 
compiiment to Jones' v.c^ory; — and that building 
on tiie Merrimack is to be called the IVusp. 

We have the particulars of the capture of the 
Matilda privateer off St. Salvador, by the Lion 
priv.:iev'r of Loudon. The Matilda attempted to 
carry the Lion by boarding, which was affected in 
tlie most gallant style — but tlie force of her oppo- 
nent was too strong and the party was overpowered. 
The. Matilda carried 11 guiiK, and had 104 men and 
•boys— tjie Lion had 2'j heavy guns and 120 men. Peake, " a memorial of theii- gratitude, respect and 



admiration of her gallant and much lanienied hus- 
band." They have also raised a liberal sum of mo- 
ney, and placed it in the hands of captain Peake's 
father, to be distributed amon!j the v/ives, children 
and near relations of the crew who perished in the 

The fritjate Constitution and brig Si/reti, both at 
Boston, are nearly ready for sea. 

Spiexdid waval vict'ort.— We have the high gra- 
tification to record an account of anotlier naval vic- 
tory, as splendid as any that preceded it. Again has 
the blnod^ cross descended in homage to the " striped 
burainj"—a.^..un is the naval column decked with a 
trophy most brilliant, and the fact made manifest 
that our tars (if fairly met) in defence of " free 
trade and sailors' rights," are invincible. Aj^-ain has 
the haughty foe been tauglit a useful lesson of 
mortality— little does his high blown pride and great 
swelling words avail him, for the well-pointed can- 
non regards not his boastings. May he profit from 
tl)ese things— cease his barbarisms, and learn to 
reverence justice ! 

In addition to the particulars officially given be- 
low, we have the following from other sources. The 
Enterprize rates as 12 guns, but carries 16, viz. 14 
181b carronades and 2 long 9's— her officers and 
crew consisted of 102 persons, and her bm-then i.s 
about 165 tons. The Boxer rates as a 14 gun brig, 
but carries 18, viz. 16 18ib carronades and 2 long 
9's, her f )rce at ti>e time of the action was 104 
men, and her burthen is about 300 tons. Tiie first 
is an old liglrt built vessel, the latter is new and 
very strong. Tlie gallant Burrows received his mor- 
tal Wf)inid at the conmiencement of the action ; but 
he I'et'used to be carried below, until the conquered 
sword of the enemy was presented to him — lie seized 
it m both his hands, and said, "I am satisJUd — J die 
contented .'" — and soon expired. (Cj' The Enghsh- 
maii's colors ivere nailed to the mast ,- but his tongue 
was not fastened and he called for quarters : the 
captain, however, had fallen. 

Thtf disparity in the damage sustained by the two 
vessels, is as usual. We had 14, in all, killed and 
wounded ; the enemy at least 39 — probably 
more ; for the nvunber of men in her boojks is not 
accounted for ; many were thrown overboard before 
we liad possession of her, with the saine laudable 
view that lieutenant Chadds of the Java had, of di- 
minibiiini;' or concealing her real force. 

Soon after the arrival of the Enterprize and her 
prize at Portland, tlie bodies of the two commanding 
officers, lieutenant Burrows and captain B^yth, were 

born yankee. He lived in honor and died in glory 
With Pii-e and Lawrence his name shall be inscribed 
on the lists of everlasting — sweet to 
the recollection of all who love their country. 

It is worthy of record that the crew of the Boxer 
were permitted to march in the late procession at 
Portland, when their late captain was interred. Such 
was not the case with the crew of the Chesapeake. 

Copy cf a letlet' from captain Hull to the secretary of 
the navy. 

PoKTLANi), Sept. 7, 1813. 

Sir — T had the honor last evening to forward you 
hv express, through tlie hands of commodore Bain- 
bridge, a letter received from Samuel Slorer, e^q. 
navy agent at this place, detailing an account of the 
capture of the British brig Boxer by tfie United 
States' brig Enterjjrize. 

I now have to inform you tiiat I left Portsmouth 
this morning and have this moment arrived, and, as 
the mall is closing, I have only time to enclose you 
the report of lieutenant M'Call, of the Enterprize, 
and to assure you that a statement of the situation of 
tlie two vessels as to the damage they h:'.ve received, 
&c. shall be forwarded as soon as sinveys can be 
made. Tke Boxer has received much damage in her 
hull, masts and sails, indeed it was with difficulty 
she could be kept afloat to get her in. The Enter- 
prize is only injtu'ed in lier masts and sails. 

brouglit on shore in ten oared barges, rowed at mi- the bay, and .it 3 o'clock shortened sail, tacked to 

I have the honor to be, CxC. 


The hen. Wm. Jones, Secrr taiy of the Navy. 

United Sio'es' Brig Enterpiize, 
Portlaifd, 7th September, 1813- 
SiH — In consequence of the unfortuwate death of 
lieutenant-commandant William Burrows, late com- 
mander of this vessel, it devolves on me to acquaint 
you with the result of the cruize. After sailing fronv 
Portsmouth on the 1st instant, we steered to the 
eastward ; and on the morning of the 3d, off Wood 
I.sland, discovered a schooner, wlilch we chased into 
this harbor, where we anchored, On the morning of 
the 4th, weiglied anchor and swept out, and con- 
tinued our ctnu'se to the eastward. Having received 
information of several privateers being off Manha- 
gan, wc stood for tiiat plnce ; and on the following 
morning, in the bay near Peng-nin Point, discov<=red. 
a brig getting under way, wiuch appeared to be a 
vessel of war, and to wliich we immediately gave 
chace. Siie fired several guns and stood for us, ha- 
ving four ensign? hoisted. After recotinoitering and 
discovering her force, atid the nation to v.'hich she 
belonged, we hauled upon a wind to stand out of 

nule strokes by masters of ships, accompaTiied by 
most of the barges and boats in the harbor, while 
mvnute gnus were fired from the two vessels. A 
grand procession was then formed, tlie corjise of 
Jiztrrows preceding, and the interment took place 
With all the honors that the civil and military au- 
thorities at the place, and the great body of the 
people, could bestow. During the procession forts 
Preble and Scammel (names dear to their country ) 
fired minute guns. 

Lieutenant B\irrows was an excellent yoimg man. 

run down with an intention to bring her to close 
action. At twenty minutes after 3 P. M. when within 
half pistol shot, the firing commenced from both, 
and after being warmly kept up, and with £ome 
mancEuvrlng, the enemy hailed and said they had 
surrendered, about 4 P. M. — iheir colors being vailed 
to the muKts, cuidd not be hauled d'nim. .She proved to 
be his B. M. brig Boxer, of 14 guns, Samtiel Blythe, 
esq. commander, who fell in the early part of the 
engagein<::iii, having received a cannon thot through 
the !)odv. And I am sorrv tc add that lieutenant 

He was the son of colonel Burrows formerly of the RinTfiws, who had gallantly ied us into action, fcH 

marine corps. Of lieutenant M'Call \\v.i people Avill 
judge by the lennluation of the figlit and his modest 
account of it ; wliicJi is, perliaps, the most splendid 
action, on our side, since the war. Captain Blakely, 
lately of the Enterprize, to whom certainly some jfart 
of the credit is due for the complete di.jcipline of 
the men, had a short time before left that vessel to 
superintend the building and fitting out of a new 
sloop of war that he is to command. Lieut. Burrows 

also about the same time by a rnusket ball, which 
terminated his existence in eight hours. 

The Enlerpri'.e sutl'ered much in spars and rig- 
ging, and thr Roxer in spars, rigging r.nd hull, 
1 1 having- nnuiy shots between wind and water. 

It would be doing injustice to the merit of Mr. 
Tillingivist, second-lieutenant, were I not to men- 
tion ilif able asMstance I received from him during 
the remainder of the engagement, by his strict at- 

WaSj \\c believe, a native of »>'ffur/j-C'ara/i?ja — a true ' tculiou to ids own division and other departHients- 


And of the officers and crew generally, lam happy to| 
add, their cool and determined conduct have my 
warmest approbation and applause. 

As no muster n>U that can be fully relied on has 
come into my possession, I caimot exactly state the 
number killed and wounded on board the Boxer, but 
from information received from the oflicers of that 
vessel, it appears there were between twenty and 
twenty -five killed, and fourteen wounded. Enclosed 
is a list of the killed and wounded on board the 
Enterprize. 1 have the honor to be, &c. 

EDWARD R. M-CALL, Senior Officer. 

Isaac Hull, esq. coninianriiug riaval 
officer on ihe eastern stalloii. 
lAst of killed and wounded on board the United States' 

brig Enterprize, in the engagement with the Jiritish 

brig Boxer, the Sth Sept.lSV2. 

Killed. — Nathaniel Garren, ordinary seaman. 

Woiiuded. — William Burrows, esq. commander, 
(since dead) ; Kervin Waters, midshipman, mor- 
tally ; Elisha Blossom, carpenter's-mate, (since 
dead) ; David Norton, quarter-m.tster ; Russel Coats, 
quarter-master; Thomas Owings, quarter-master; 
Benjamin Gammon, boatswuin's-mate ; Scuiler 
Prapley, seaman ; James Snow, do. ; Snow Jones, 
do. ; Peter Barnard, ordinary se;;man ; William 
Thomas, 2d, seaman ; John Fitzmere, marine. 
EDWD. R. M'CALL, Senior officer. 

Copy of a letter from Win. H. Allen, commanding the 

United States' irig Argus, to the secretary of the 

navii, dated V Orient, C France, J June 12, 1813. 

SiH — I have the honor to inform you, tiiat the 

United States' brig Argus, has arrived here in a pas- 

sage of twenty-three days, all well. On our passage 

fell in with (in pursuing our course) the British 

schooner Salamanca (formerly the King of Rome, of 

New-York) of two hundred and sixty tons, pierced 

for eighteen guns, mounting six and man.ied witii 

sixteen men — she was from Oporto bound to New- 

tbundland ; captured and burnt her. 

I shall immediately proceed to put in execution 
your orders as to our ulterior destination. 
I have the honor to be, ^c. 

Hon. Win . Jones, secretary of the navy. 

The U. S. brig Argus remained but three days at 
L'Orient, after landing Mr. Craiiford. Sue is suppo- 
sed to sailed on a cruize. 


The blockading squadron consists of the Valiant, 
74, Acasta 48, Orpheus 38 and Atalanta of 18 guns. 
The two latter made an excursion down the 
sound, and some of their bai'ges were within 18 miles 
of New-York — they captured and destroyed many 
small vessels ; but retired when /.ctws's flotilla was 
ready to meet them. The inilitia of the neighboring 
shores tissembled witli the greatest alacrity ; but 
tiie enemy did not attempt to land. 


The enemy has been very quiet since our last. His 
remaining U)rce still continues in Lynhaven bay. A 
deserter says ihey iuive given u]) the idea of attempt- 
ing any other grand object until tiie next .spring ; 
when, it was siid, a very powerful force would be 
sent to the Cliesapeak?. Tiie squadron on tlie yth, 
consisted of one 74, a brig and a sloop of v/ai-. 

A gentleman from M.irylaud [says the liichmond 
Enquirer] says, that intbrmation had been obtained 
from the Britioh squadron, stating that a regular 
account is kept of the slaves taken oti', the names of 
their masters, and of tlie salei, «n the coffe'i estates 
in the West;'S~(f)r likely fellows gluOO had 
been obtained). Five of these slaves had been taken 
from col. J. r M.rier. »t^ >f u- l-iad,. and sjld 

Admiral Warren, with all the speculative sagaci' 
ty of a London merchant, assigns the reason of this 
extraordinary value, to v.^it.— tliat since t lie trade 
to Africa has been suspended, the coffee estates in 
the West Indies have become excessively thiu of 

American Prizes. 


"The winds and seas are BrU:iiti's wide domain, 
'•.Vud not a sail, but by pcrmisiion sjn-eads !" 

Biitish Naval liegUttr, 

550 "His majesty's" fine brig of war Boxej;, of 
18 guns, taken by the U. S. brig Enterprize ol" 16 
guns, and carried into Portland. See the official ac- 
count page 45. The Boxer is a valuable prize, tor 
tlie brave crew of her conqueror are entitled to heir 
wltnle vultie, she being tlie superior vessel. 

551 Schooner from the West Indies for 

Halifax, with a cargo of and coffee, captured 
by the mate [an American] and some of the crew, 
and carried into Castine. 

552 Schooner laden with salt, captured by 

t!ie privateer bott T.-rrlble, and ransomed. 

55?) Brig sent into Nevvbern, N. C. deeply 

laden with Irv goods, invoiced at £ 83,000 sterling, 
equal to $ 368,520, b> the Snap Dragon. 

Banking capital of Maryland. 

The following is a list of the banks in the state of 
^Maryland, the date of their institution, and the 
amount of their chartered capital. 

instituted, capital. 

Bank of Maryland "^ 







Union Bank of Maryland 









Commercial and Farmers' 




Farmers' and Merchants* 












City Bank 



Farmers' Bank of Mary lane 

L 1804 


Hac;erstown 1810 


Elkton 1811 


Farmers Bank of Worce.ster > ..n-ir, 
and Soinersett 5 ^°^^ 





S 11,350,000 
Of wiilch about seven milions are actually paid in, 
Sejjt. 1813. All the charters are now about to 
expire, but may be extended to the year 1835 ; on 
coiiclition that the banks in the city of Baltimore, 
and the Hagerstown Bank, do subscribe for as many^ 
shares of stock in the great western road, joining 
the United States road at Cumberland and proceed- 
ing to Jiultimore, as shall complete the said road, 
estimated to cost ^350,000; and tliat all the banks 
pay tiie sum (*f 5520,000 annually, (in proportion to 
' their capitals) for the support of county schools 
iluring tiie said extension of their charters. Ti*e 
road when made, to be tlie property of the banks, 
as other turnpikes are held. 

Naturalization of Citizens. 

Bv the laws of tlie United States on the subject 
of natiiialization, as they now stand, except as they 
respect the subjects of tlie British government, there 
are two descriptions oFallens, viz. 1. Those who were 
In the United States at any time betweeen the 18t!i 
June, 1798, and '.he Uth April, 1S02; and, 2. T-lisit 




who have arrived in the Uiiitsd States since the last 
mentioned period. The following' are tlie conditions 
on which they can be naturalized, and not otherwise : 

The 1st class. By proving that they were residing 
within, and under the jurisdiclion of the United 
States before the 14th April, 1802, and that they 
have ever since continued to redde laiildu the same. 

The 2d class. 1. All who have arrived in the U. 
States since the 14th April, 1802, shall make report 
of him or herself to the clei-k of any court of record ; 
which report shall contain the name, place of birth, Lan. Int.'] 
age, nation, and allegiance, with tlie country whence 
he or she migrated, and the "place of his or her in- 
tended residence. This report the clerk records, 
and grants a certificate, under his hand and seal of 
office. If the alien be under 21 years of age, the 
report must be made by tlie parent, guardian, mas- 
ter or mistress of the alien. Tliis certificate is to be 
exhibited to the court, as evidence of tlie time of 
arrivcil in the U. States. 

2. After this report is made, the alien must reside 
5 years at least in the United States, one of which 
must be in the state or territory where the court 
sits, to which application is made for naturalization. 
But he or she must, at least 3 years before that time, 
declare in open court, upon oath or affirmation, that 
it was bona fide his or her intention to become a ci- 
tizen of the United States and renounce forever all 
allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, poten- 
. tate, state or sovereignty wiiereof such alien may, 
at that time, be a citizen or subject. Of this notice 

or construed to interfere with or prevent the appre. 
hension and removal, agreeably to lav/, of any alieii 
c-nemy, at any time previous to the actual naturali- 
zation of such alien. 

H. CLAY, Speaker of the 

Hoine of Representatives, 
E. GERRY, Vice president of the 
U. S. and president of the senate. 
- Jtdv30, 1813. 


Ivlartial-Law Case. 


Daniel lVdU,bii Gcor^t Mackcnzk,-) 
and I 

John Pocock, by Alexander Briscoe, y Habeas Corpus. 
vs. I 

John KtnnnOtj. J 

The petitiotR-rs were infants under the a^e of twenty-one, but 
above tile ai^e of 13 years, aiij were apprentices. Haviiiij on the 
tenth ilayof Ai!i;usl, 1813, been arrested by a iile of armed men act- 
ingAJiirier the ord i-s of the said John Kennedy, and forcibly carrietJ 
to aeanip in tlie vicinit;' of this city, and there detained by him, a 
writ oi' Habeas Corpn.t, was on application of llie masters of the ap- 
prentices, issned to the said Kennedy by his honor Jiulge BlaiKt, 
coniniaiidiaf: him to produce the bodies of tiie petitioners, with the 
eaiiseof tlieir caption and detention, on M'tdnesday the lltii Au- 
gust, at 10 o'clock A. M. at the Cocrt-House of Baltimore county. 
In obedience to the writ, the Uefendant (Kennedy) appeared at the 
time andt)!ace appointed, with the petitioners in his custody. 

In consequence of the want of certain papers, ■which necessari- 
ly formed a part of the return to the writ, and on account of the 
very great importance of the case, which required that the returo 

should be corai)lete, the case stood adjourned until the 12th August, 

,„ at 10 o'clock, and the petitioners wei-e rer.iamled until that hour 

the clerk makes a record, and gives a certlhcate,|tothecustody oflhcDefend:;nt(Kennedy.) OnThin-sday.the!2ri» 

under his hand and seal of office ; which, along with | "•' August, the petitioners were brought up by the Defendant, wl» 

., ,•£,!• ..1 .. i K ,.1-k; I "lade tlie following return to the writ, which returu was sworn i.o 

the certificate of report and registry, must be eJ.!u-!j„{i,g usuaj n,3,m^j._ ' '" ^owuii. 

bited to the court, wiien application is made for na- 1 heturm-. 

turalization. The return of John Kennedy, captain comnrnndinga rompatir 

3. The court must be satisfied of the aforesaid re- j-° *.i',':,f "i '^^1™T f t^^'^^^hl'"!!^ ™"l*i''' !? '-'^ ^f'^'l"^^ ^''^■' 

,, 1 ^1 , ii 1- 1 . .1 ,; u^ to;/)!..? to huu directed by the hou. Theodonc Bland, associate 

Sldence, and that the alien, during the tune, tlus judge of the sixthjudicial district, commanding him to have il«: 
behav^ as a person of goodmoral character, i,nd at- bodies of Daniel Welis and John Pocock.betbre hira at lo o'clock 
tached to the principles of the constitution of the j "^.^'^'^^'fy^^/^^j'^^Court-Hous^ 

United States, and well disposed towards the peace The said J.An Kennedy in return to ssid writ saith, that the said 

and Crood order of the same. Upon this proof lieing WelUand Pocock reside'in h.sdi3tiict,and of legal age te dt? 

J .1 4^\. c \ • ,.■ 1 II ■ •„ ,1 mildiadi'ty. That in vniuc of Division Orders fiT,m m.ii, t-encKal 

made, tlie oath of abjuration and allegiance is ad- sj^,^,,^, sn,ith, dated 6th August. i3i3, which are hereto afm^ 

tn' ■ ' 



ty, he must, under oath, forever renounce the title 

or titles. 

As there was a provision In the several naturali- 
zation laws, th.1t no subject of any country, state or 
sovereign, with whom the United States shall be at 
var, at the time of his application, sliuU be then 
admitted to be a citizen of the United States — Of 
course, since the declaration of war with Oreat Bri- 
tain, the subjects of that government were altoge- 
ther excluded from the benefits of the natur.allza- 
tion laws, until tlte passage of the following act : 

[bv authohitt.] 
An act supplementary to tlie acts heretofore passed 
on the subject of an uniform rule of naturaliza- 

Be it enacted bij the senate and house of representa- 
tives oj the United ^States of Ji?ner!ca, in congress 
assembled. That jicrsons resident within tlie United 
States or the territories thereof, on the 18th day of 
June, in the year 1812, who had before that d.'.y made 
,, a declaration, according to law, of their yitentions 
to become citizens of the United States, or who, bj- 
the existhiglaws of the United States, were on that 
day entitled to become citizens, without raakini; 
such decLu-ation, m.ty be admitted to become citi- 
zens thereof, notwitiistanding tliey shall be alioii 
enemies at the times and in the manner prescribed 
by the laws heretofore passed on that subject : Pro- 
vide J, That nothing herein contained shall be taken 

nieik. which orders nre hereto annexed (inariied C.) to call out Sis 
said Kennedy's niiUiia men on atcmr of o'uty for a week, in order 
to repel a tlueateiied invasion of the state, to commence on Men- 
day the 9th August. That in compliaii-ji- v jth the said ordeis, he 
the said John Keiiiifdy, did duly notify the s.iid Wells and Pocock, 
so liable as militia lueii tu du {he tour of dutv, as members of hi; 
militia company, and to attend at tlie usual place of meeting of said 
company, in o.der '.o peribcm said tonl- of duty. That the said 
Wells and Pococii did i^ot attend according to said notice, where- 
upon the said John Kennedy ill virtue of orders from the cora- 
inaiiding oftkerofthe 27tlireglment,oii the 10th day of Ai:gust. 
iciit a liuaru, and did on the said day take the iaid Pocock and 
U'eUs iiiiii cmtixiij, in order to compel a peHbrmance on their ycr. 
ol the suirl tour ol duty— which is the day a&d caiiie of the said caji- 
tiun and detention. 

On the aliove return, the case was submitted after a few uhservi- 
lions made by thecouiiSLl on heliaif of the masters, some littledis- 
Ciission also took place on the quistioii win tlie legislatiue 
could evir luive intended tli;it the >iglits of masters should he in- 
fringed by compclliugorpcrmiuing their apprentices to peifoiia 

His honor Judge lllaiidobs<-rvpd,t!iat iheniiliria laws didnot ex- 
empt persons above the age of t-itrhtceu years, eivn though they 
■ivere apprentices, from militia d.itj. That tine it '.vas the master 
had a ligiic to the services ol his apprentice, wliiih riijht he ileriT^ 
ed from the laws of the state ; but that there was a period at which 
«/je j/a^e had also a rit;ht lo his services, that right was par*- 
mount to that iif the ma.ter. 

He observed, that uiioii .» iniimte investigation anda careful com- 
parison of all the ii.ilitiu laws, the case was a plaiu one— It appeal- 
ed to him to lie in the iiairuwest limits. 

By thi act. said hi,* ho.:or, of May. 13! '.chap. 19, sect. 1, there 
is a provision for calling out llie tmlitia by .^o/i'i' in the- mannec 
thereby preserilied, and by the 8th section of tht satUr law, a penal- 
ty is pr. scribed for tie, iioi.-.ittendaiiCe of these drnfis. hy the'Stt 
section of tlie ssme law, tie re is a provisio i for cal»i g out the mi- 
litia c)/ vu.ssc^or a:iy pan thereof, io the cases of eim ig. iicy th-rv- 
iii iii'-iitioneii. '1 lu:s it is evi'leiit that then' are fzce distinct modes 
lof calling a;it ihu iLlhiia. By the aci of NovemtM-r sessiun. I31I, 
|chao. 18i, sec. 3l, the ni!liti..,«h;.ii u.'JtrwS ot.tcithti- c,i /,.ftj.« or 


in part ; by draff, or in any manner that may be dirccttil by tbe 
proper militarv o'Htci- in tin- casts of inva^ioTi, or threatened in- 
vasion, ivf to \dl intents nmi puipuaes subject to tlie rules and ix- 
gulations if t/i£ articles nf ifnr. _ .. • j- 

The judge I'lirtli.r onsf-rve^l, that it was not for bim in his judi- 
cial eapaeitv, or for a court of jiisuce to say v/ieii such an emei^ 
geiicy existed as would leqiiiie the exercise of the powers vested by 
the 3d section ol the aet ot 1S13. 'Ihe law had vested the milita- 
ry otilcer, *ilh a dlsiieiioimry power and subjected him to the con- 
trol of the cominaiider-i;i-C'hief. it was simply his duty as a jud^e 
to see whether the case before hiai wasfalrly within the provisions 
of tliat section. 

The judge in conclusion observed, that at a crisis such as that 
contemplated by the law, when the state was actually invaded or 
threat' n>-<l with invasion, it could not have been the intention of 
the Kgislatuiv, that an officer was to be delayed until a substitute 
could be fur;iis)ieil, when. pvi-iuips,the services of evet-y man in the 
district iuight be Instantly wanted to npel an invasion. At such 
a. crisis, could any reasonable man suppose, that the legislature in- 
tended thatjud^es and courts of lusticcsliould beemploye<Hn use- 
lessly issuing writs of Habeas Corpus when the enemy might be 
at our doors ? 

The case before me (said the judge) ishrousjht by the return not 
only within the spirit, but almost within the letter ot the law. The 
petitioners are properly in the custody of capt. Kennedy— he 
• right totaketheia by force. Therefore, let theiu be remanded 
to his custody. 

f,th August, 1813, 

GENERAL 0RnERS-3(l Division 

vice, to he relieved weeivly by another, to be eiicaiiined near the 
Magazine. S. S^^ITII, 

Aiaj. General 3d Division. 
Tn Rriij.GeneralJ'ihn Strieker, 
3d Bngwk M. M. 

BRIGADE ORDtRS.—^J Brigfi.le, M. M. 

court, iii^-Ain put in possession by the present mar- 
shal. [Au/. Ltt. 

By a mercantile gentleman^ recently fmm Euwpe, 
\ve have been politely handed the following decree 
of the emperor. As we do not recwlitct to have 
seen it liefore, awd presuming that it may be inte- 
i'estii)g to some of our commercial friends, we give 
it publicity. [/6. 

" Pakis, 5th Feb. 1813. 

" His imperial and royal mnjesty held on 'I'ues- 
day last a council of liuaiices, at which the duke of 
Gaete, minister of finance, and count Moliieii, mi- 
nister of the treasury, assisted. Amongst other 
measures prescribed by his majes'iy, it was decided 
tiiat the claims for supplies dt-livered at St. Domin- 
go, which have been liquidated in tlie sum of 
7,1U(/,UU0 fratics, should be paid by tlie tiea^iury in 
5 per cent, stock ; arising tj-om property of this 
nature recovered by tiiat department, as appears by 
their books. Tiiis payment will take place ;.t tiie 
rate of 2,0U0,0U0 francs capital, or 100,000 francs 
interest per monlh, in Mai ch, April and May. The 


August 7tf!,lS\3. 

Ordered, that th>' 27th regiment, lieut. col. Long, ' ucamp on the 
height near the Pnwder Magazine, on Mo;iday murning, for a 
week's service — Tents and Canni Kitties will he furnishid by the 
State Quarter-Master, and rations by the Contractor, Mi. Kobin- 

Col. Long will avail hiniself of the present occasion, to drill his 
regiment, which must be commenced at the nioniiug gun-fire, and 
repeated in the evening of each day. 

He will make a morning report to themaj. general at head-quar- 
ters. Muster rolls will be made out by the captains of tht-ir respec- 
tive companies, to whieli their imtiis w ill lirreafter be required. 
By Older of Erigadii-r-Geiitial Strieker. 
, J. CALHOUN, Jun 

Brigade-Maj.Sd Brigade. 


In conformity to Brigadi' Oy.lersof tMs ilate, you are hereby or- 
dered to notify the men atlacli d to voiu' eoinpany to assemble on 
Monday the ^thinst. at 8 o'clock A.M. before the Theatre, each 
provided with a blanket and one day's nrovisions ; to be encamped 
on a week's tour oi duty between the Town and Fort. 

Punctual atteiulanc: in officers and men is at tliis crisis to be 
expected, and wili Ue enforced. By ordi r, 


Adjutant 27tli Regiment. 
Captain Kennedy. 

The following sections of the Act of November session, 181], 
chap. 182, are those ivfcrn d to bv the Judge as giving the power to 
enforce thi' attendance of the militia; tli? I7lh section applying 
only to drafted militia, and the 31st sect, to all cases when the iiii- 
Utiaare ordered into HCtual service. 

17. And he it enacted. That in all cases where a militia man may 
btrftni.i'/i.'fi'/ to perlorm a tour of duty under this act, he shall be 
considered as' r, an.l litible to all the duties as such, unless be 
shall fiiriiish a siibstilut'- ", a'ld the cjmmu'nling officer of th" regi- 
ni"iu or ■xtra liatt^dion (as the ease may be) to whi.-h he may be- 
long, shall b •■ th ■■ sole |Uili;e of the qu.ilificatinn of <t<iii su'-stitute, 
and may receive or rtject hira at his discretion.— May, 1313,eliap. 
19. s-c. H. 

31. Antl be it tnactcd. That when the whole or any part of the 
iTelilia of this 3t;itiMhdl Ik" ordered into actual service, they shall 
be suhiect to the nilrs and regulations of the articles of wur, ai.d 
beiiili'liri to the saiiie pay and rations as troops in the service of 
the United States are entitled to receive. 


Ths Batture. — T'le loag conlest.Kil cliilm to this 
Valu 'ble pi-ope "tv, has, as we ;nv inf(irnif>(l !>y a let- 
ter from Ncw-Ur)(-aii';, ()eeci at last jse-itted, and th^ 
C ■U'^e probably luid at rest. By a decision of the 
U. St.ites' courl for the district of Nuw Oi-le:uis, tiie 
act of tlie laie marsliul, D'Orgenois, in dispossessi'ig 
M-.-. Elwiii'd Livinsiwtun of theb.itlure, lias been de- 
«i.*r^^ iiU«^j.!, aiiii L.,- ha.-. bev;n, bv jji oidcf of iheicOnipielS ;)"w.GCe5S tSiey dsstrve. 

appropriated to tlie pay- 
ment of churns originating under the administra- 
tions of governors Le Clerc to Rochanibeau inclu- 
sively, and represent the sum 31 to 32,000,U00 francs. 
All demands or churns of a prior date are null. 

In the cartel ship arrived at New-York, Mr. De 
Kantzo-iu, hi.s lady and two datighters were passen- 
gei-s. This gentl.' is minister plenipotentiary 
from the court ot Sweden near the United States. 

George III. yet lives, though poliilcally dead. 
The bulletin at Windsor, July 3, said, " his majesty 
h IS generally passed the last mouth in tranqniliiy 
and comfort." 

We have a quantity of news from Europe, 
since our la3% but niibiiig very imjiortant is men- 
tioned. Tile general aspect of things is decidedly in 
favor of a continental Ueace. Soult entered Spain by 
thf- Pass of Su Je.<n Picd de Port, with 45,000 men 
and fiiicedthe allies lo raise the sieges of Pampehi- 
iia and St. Sebastians, with loss. WelUngtnn had 
" falhn b ick on his res^.urces." Eng-land, Rusaia, 
and Prussia, withom spfcie, have issued a large 
{juiintiiy of piptT, thr jiajmentof which is guaran- 
leed by the three p(jwe!s to carry on the war on the 
contmeiT. Bernadotte g> ts all the ctish they can send 
lo the nor'.h. Tlie French have coUecied a mighty 
army in Italy and large bodies of troops are moving 
to the head-quar ers of JWipoleon, to counsel tlie 
allies to peace. The British represent the forces of 
Russia as feeble, and are horror-struck at the faci- 
lity With whiCh Bon.p: rte has created his armies. 

It is stated, by letters from Fiance that the coun- 
cil of prizes are restoring many American vessels — 
the decrets of condemnation of the emperor him- 
ocif in some cases b.-ing reversed. 

By an .o-rival at New-York from Lisbon, it sp. 
pears prob .ble that t'lr Fingllsh general Htll\M\s been 
kdled, the vviiole of the division of the army under 
iiis command l>eiug destroyed or taken. Another ac- 
count s lys, he only lost two reg;mcnts, and thit the 
rest were retrea'ing. Soult has arrived in Spain; 
and the xllies with precipitation were collect- 
ing their forces to withstand him. Will lord H'el- 
liiirtnn make as good a retreat as sir Johii, JVfoore ? 

Fro7ti JJevico we hdve a coutinu.ition of neliglit- 
ful views. The "tohig^eri;" of the country prospers 
exceedmgly. The pe.triots gather strength daily ; 
and we trust, that God and the goodness of their 
cause, will give them, and ail wlio actk liberty, the 


No. 4 OK VOL. V ] 


[whole no, 108 olim vieminisse iuTabit.-~yinGiz. 

Printed and published by H. Niles, Souili-st. next door to tiie :Merch ants' CJoiice Ho use, ;a | 5 perjwnnin. 

Anglo-Swedish Treaty. 


In the name of the mtst hohj and indivisible trinity : 
His m.ijesty tlie kinc^ of tlie united king-dom ot 
Great Uritain and Irelaiul, and his majesty tlie king 
of Svveden, equally animated uith a desire of 
ingcloser the ties of frit;nds!iip and good understand- 
ing which so liappily subsists between them, and 
penetrated with the urtjcnt necessity of establishing, 
the one with the other, a concerted intimacy, so as 
to insure the independence of llie north ; and infme, 
to accelerate tlie so much desired epoch of a g-eneral 
peare, have agreed to accomplish this double object 
by the present treaty; To this eUect, tliey have 
chosen for their plenipotentiaries, to wit : His royal 
highness the prince regent, in the of, and fer 
his majesty the king of tlie united kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, the hon. Alexander Hope, major 
general of the armies of his majesty; and Edward 
Thoi-aeton, envoy extraordinary and minister pleni- 
potentiary near his majesty the king of Sweden. 
And the king of Sweden : Lnwrens, count d'Enges- 
trom, one oTthe lords of the kingdom of Sweden, 
minister of state and of foreign alTairs, chancellor 
of th.i university of land, co.nimandant of the orders 
of tlie king, knight of the royal order of Charles 
XIII, grand eagle of the legion of France ; and tlus- 
tave, bu-on of' Wettersied, cliancellor of the court, 
commander of the order of the polar star. Sec. all of 
whom, after having duly exchanged their respective 
full povv'ers, have agreed to tiie following articles — 
to wit : 

Article I. His majesty the king of Sweden 
pledges himself to employ a corps d'armee to consist 

ing understood, nevertheless, that compulsive mea- 
sures shall not be used to eft'tct said re-union of 
N'orwa\ to Sweden, unless his myjesty tiie king of 
Denmark should have previously refused to join the 
alliance of the nort'i agreeably to the conditior.s 
stipulated in the existing engagements between ll>e 
courts of Stockholm and St. Petersburg; and his 
miijesty the king of Sweden pledges himself to take 
special care that in forming this re-union, all possi- 
Ijle attention and consideration sliall be used to pro- 
mote the happiness and liberty of the people of 

III. In order to give greater effect to the engage- 
ments contracted by his m:tjesty the king of Sweden 
in the first article of the present treaty, wjiicli h:ive 
for their object immediate operations ;igainst the 
common enemy of the two powers, and in order to 
place his inHJesty the king of Sweden in a state to 
commence said operations without loss of time, and 
as soon as the season will permit, his Britannic ma- 
jesty pledges himself to furnish to his m;.jp.sty the 
king of Sweden (independently of other succours 
which incidental circumstances may place at hi.«» 
disposal) for the service of the campaign of the 
present year, as well as for the equipment, the trans- 
portation, and the maintenance of his troops, the 
sum of one million sterling, payably monthly, in 
London, to the agent who may be authorised by his 
majesty to receive the same, in such a manner that 
the payment of each month shall not exceed the 
sum of if 200,000 sterling until the payment of tlie 

IV. It is agreed between the two contracting par- 
ties, that an advance, the amount of which sh;ill hi 
determined at the time of pnyment by the contract- 
ing parlies, and which shall be deducted out of the 
million above stipulate*!, shall be made to his majes- 

of at least 30,000 men, to act exclusively upon thejty the king ofSweden, toenablehim to jiut his troops 
continent against the common enemy of the two in motion at tiie opening of tlie campaign. There- 

high contracting parties. Tiiis army will act in con- 
cert v/itli tiie Russian troops placed under the com- 
mand of his highness the prince royal of Sweden, 
in conformity to stipulations to that elVect, already 
existi.;g between the courts of Stockholm and St. 

II. The said courts having communicated to his 
Britannic majesty the engugements subsisting' 1)6- 
tween tiiem, and liaving formally requested that his 
majesty accede to them, his majesty tlie king of Swe- 
den having by the stipul.itions contained in the pre- 
ceding article, givenproof of the desire with which he 
is animated to contribute also to the success of the 
common cause ; his Uritaiinic mnjesty being desirous 
in return to give an immediate and unequivocal proof 
of his resolntinn to unite his interests with those of 
Sweden and Itussia, pledges himself by the present 
treaty, to accede to those conventions, already ex- 
isting between those two powers ; so much so, that 
his Britannic majesty will, not only retrain from 
placing obstacles to the amiexatlon and perpetual 
re-union of the kingdom of Norway, as an integral 
p irt of the kingdom of Sweden, but will facilitate 
in that respect, the views of his majesty the king of 
Sweden, either by good offices, or by employing, if 
it should be necessary, a naval co-operation, to act in 
concert with the Swedish or Russian troops, h. be- 
VOL. V. 

sidue of the abo-senientioned subsidies shall com- 
mence running from tlie day of the debarkation oF 
the Swedish army, as stipulated in the first article 
of the present treaty. 

V. The two contracting powers mutually desiring 
a solid and durable guarantee to their relations, 
both political and commercial, his Dritannic majes- 
ty, animated with a desire to give to his ally evident 
()roofs of his sincere friendshii), consen'is to cede to 
ills m;ijestj' the king of Sweden and to his succes- 
sors to the crown of Sweden, agreeably to the order 
of succession established by his majesty and the 
council of his kingdom, under d.ite of the 26t!» 
September, 1810, llie possession of Guadaloupe, i:i 
the West Iqdies, and to transfer to his Swedish ma- 
jesty, all the riglits of his Britannic majesty to that 
island. That colony sliall be delivered to the com- 
missioners of his Swedish majesty in tjie course of 
the month of August, in the present year, or fhrea 
mor.ths after the debarkation of the Swedish troops 
upon the continent. Tlie whole to take place in con- 
fonnity to conditions agreed to between the two 
high contracting parties in the separate article an- 
nexed to the present treaty. 

VL A.s a reciprocal act to what is stipulated \xi 
the jireceding article, his majesty the king of Swc? 
den pledges himseifto grant for tire spr.ce fif tw^ty 



years, from the date of the ratification of the pie- 
sent treaty, to the subjects of his Bfitamilc majest)-, 
the rig'ht of entrepot in t!ie jjorts of Gottenburg', 
Carlsliam, and Struisund, wht- n this Lutcr port sh.dl 
have fallen under tiic Swedish dominion, for all kinds 
of produce a/ld merchandisi', either of Great Bri- 
tain or of her colonies, laden on board of English 
or Swedish shins. The said articles, whetlier they 
be of a iiuture to be iniroduced into Sweecteii h\ 
paying- the ducies, or that their inU-oduclion bi; pro- 
hibited, shall pay without distinction, as entrepot 
duty, one per cent of tiie vahie at their entry, and 
the same at tlie time I'ley are carried away. Upon 
all other objects to which this article relates, they 
will be subjected to the ;^eiieral regulations of Swe- 
den, which will tre:it the subjects of his Britannic 
majesty as those of the mo'-tf vored nations. 

VII. From the date of the sigimture of the pre- 
sent treaty, his m;ijesty the iiing of tlie united king- 
doms of Great Biilaiu and liei^-nd, and his majesty 
the king of Sweden, engage rfciprocally not to se- 
parate their mutual interests, and particularly those 
of Sweden, in any negOciation whatever, with their 
common enem)'. 

tin. The ratification of the present treaty shall 
be exchanged at Stockholm, in the space of four 
weeks or sooner if possible. 

\n faitii of wliich, we the undersigned, in virtue 
of our full powers, have signed the present treaty, 
and have thei'eunio affixed the seal of our arms. 

Done at Stockholm the 3d of March, 
in the year of om- Lord 1813. 
G. B;tron WETTEllSTED. 

6th. Not to alienate the said island without the 
consent of his Britannic m.qesty. 

7th. To afibrd protection and safety to the subjects 
of hi.s Britannic m .jesly and their property, whe- 
ther they wish to quit the colony or remain "in it . 

This article will be of tiie same force and effect, 
as if it jiad been inserted v,-oid for word in the trea- 
ty signed this day, and shall be ratified at the same 

Done at Stockholm, the 3d March, 1813. 


Separate Articles. 

In consequence of the cession made by his Bri- 
tannic majpsty in article 5th of tiie tre;ity signed 
tliis day, of the Island of Guadaloupe, his Swedish 
majesty engages : 

i.^t. To fuiuil faithfidly and observe the stipula- 
tions of ttie c.'ipitula.inn of tlie said island, which 
bears date the 5th of i"ebruai-y, 1810, in such a man- 
ner, that all the privileges, rights, benefits, and pre- 
rogatives, confirmed by the said act, to the inhalii- 
tants of tliat colony, may be preserved and main- 

2d. To make to tliat eHect, previous to the above 
mentioned cession, with his ]>riiannic majesty, all 
engagements wliich may be judged necessary, and 
to eTCecute all tlie acts caused b}- said capitulation. 

3d. l"o afliird to tiie inliabitaiils of Guadaloupe 
the s.ime protection and tlie sume a.lvrmtjgcs v\hich 
nre enjo3ed by the other subjects of liis .Sw-edis!i ma- 
jesty, in conftn-niity to the laws actually in existence 
in Sweden. 

4th. To pre\cnt and prohibit from the period of 


Of this treaty, the Whigs disapprove, because as 
they say, it makes great sacrifices without gaining 
any tiling in return.— To be sure, it is not easy to 
dLscover what our government h:(s gained by the 
treaty ; for, it does not seem likely That his royal 
highness the crown prince will be able, if he be 
Willing, to do much in the fighting way against his 
old friend and patron; but we, the people of this 
country, and of ever)- country in the world, have 
gained greatly by this treaty,' which acknowledges 
the legitmiacy of the right ot Jiernadotte to the 
crown and dommions of Sweden, to the exclusion 
of the king, who was, some time ago, driven out of 
his throne. — A principle is in.'re pj"ocluimed by our go- 
vernmeni of the utmost importance to the welfare of 
Eiu-ope and the world. We here see it settled that 
a people ma}- discard their king and choose anothei- 
in his place, though that other be a foreigner ; and 
that they may settle a succession in the family of 
that foreigner, to tiie exclusion of tlie heirs of the 
king discarded. 

When Dr. Price preached a sermon, in wliich he 
stated "thit at the revolution in England the point 
was settled thai the people had a ri^-ht to discard 
their kiii^s for miscondiu-f" Burke bellowed forth 
against him all the curses in tlie anti-j:;cobin list. — 
He denied the fact, lie said that though, indeed, 
the order (jf succession was changed from one branch 
Of' the old king's family to another; that in fict. 
the order of succession was preserved as closely as 
possible, and that it was confined to the prote.s'tant 
part of the oUi royal fimily ; that there was no 
right or acknowledg-ed claim of choosing a king, 
or of descending a king or of making any change m 
the nature ot the gover)iment. Something of the same 
sort is said by Biackstone who labors very hard to 
make iiajipear that the thing was right in pracuce, 
btit wrong in principle ; or in other words, to make 
his readers believe, that it was very right to effect 
snch a change as would put the present family ?///&« 
the throne ; biit that would be very wrong to effect 
such a change as would put them off from the throne. 
Whatever might be the motives of these writers, 
and however they might be able to raise disputes, no 
doubt can be raised upon this point in the case of 
Sweden. For her, it is not one branch of the old 
family excluded hi favor of another branch ; here 
there was no dispute about i-eligion ; there was nc 

the cession, the in'roduction of African sl.ives in tiielnuestion about Protestamsm or Catholicism. The 

said island, as well .as into oiher po-<sessions or liis 
Swcdisii majesty in the West Indies, and to forbid 
Swedish sulijects carrViUg on the slave trade ; an en- 
gagement wliich his S.Aedish majesty is the more 
disposed to contract, as such acts never were autho- 

5th. To exclude, during tlie continuition of the 
present war, all arnifd vessels aiid priviieers be- 
longing to states at war wuh Great Grit: in, from tiie 
ports and harbours of Guadahiupe ; and to forbid, 
in any future war in which Great iJritain may be er.- 
t^agcd, atul Sweden remriin neutral, the entr.mce 
into the ports of said colony, of pnvuteers of any 
belligerent states. 

nation put away the late king and his heirs, and gave 
tiie crown to Mr. Beriiaciotte and his heirs in due 
succession, after the death of the late king's uncle. 
And ob.serve our government does, in. the name of thr 
mor<t holij and tnuUvided trinity, recognize the full and 
com])lete right to Ihe crown and his dominions of 
Sweden to be in the same Mr. Bernadotte and his 
heirs. Nothing can be more complete than tliis 

rase. It is perfect m all its jiarts. Here 

is a 


cashiered ; here is an old reigning family set aside 
in the order of succession ; here is a settlement of 
thf crown in another family ; and to complete the 
".'•hole thint';, the person at tlie head of that family 
is a foreigner ; \\i\y, and a Frenchman loo ! AVhat 


tomfort this treatj' miist pour IiUo the souls of the 
Hourbons :aia llie other casliiered princes of Europe ! 
1 wish the urtl'-jacobiiis vow to tell us what the}- 
l.'iiiik. Wiii tliey s'iy tiie treaty u'tis necessary in 
order to mike \v;:v wlti- success against Bonn.parle ? 
It' !hey do, let tj'.cm show us wlial .Nfr. Bcniadotte 
has done or what lie is likely to be able to do. If he 
shoiiKl, fi-om whiitevcr cause, do iiotJdng; I shall 
fc.dl noon them for their openly e.ypresseu opinion of 
this treaty, of wiiich I liitrhly approve, because it 
fully recognizes the right of the crow ii prince to the 
thro.iC anddomini)ns of Swcdei. 



Barbarities oi" t]:e Enemy. 


Acrompiwylni; tlic report nf t):i: ru >r!iiit<'c nffhc hnusc of reprcscn- 
talivi-s, iiui)uaitcd to ciiijuhr. into the .t/iir'ii untt manner in xvhich 
the war /un been toni;eU hij the oieniy. 
No. I. 

B.\D theatment of prisoners eythe 


H'nshin^tnn, May 2ith, 1813. 
Si".'-,— I have receivi-t! your favor of the 2 d iii.',t:u:t, and liasteii to 
Tei>lv to iluqiitstio:is til. I- -iK, n'sp>i-ii;-.p tlio fits ■ of captain ii/Au- 
tlviii Upton, late commandi v ol' rlio piivatecr tn-lg- Hunter, of 
S:i'.tin. Captain tJpion «;js («keii in tlii' niontli, I believe of No- 
vember last, olf tin- Vvcsti rii Islanils, by the Hiilish frigatsPlifEDc, 
captain Hilliaid. In elia<;', cajjlain Uptcn, as is usiral in such casts, 
thrc'V/ his p;iiiis overboard to iusc liis vi-ss'd, in hopes by that anans 
to facilitate his escape from the enemy : bnt this not availiiijj, he 
wa«, as above stated, tnken an<l carried into Plymouth, in England, 
where, on his arriva!, he was imiiieiiiati ly, with tiis fusl-fietitenant, 
Mr. AV^fyne, pnt into Mill Prison and refused his parole on tlie 
plea that he had not on board, when captured, fourteen mounted 
carriage jjuns above the cililav of four pounders. After having 
beeli tiiils closely confined for three or four months in a filthy jail, 
they were in (be month of March taken out and sent on board the 
prison ship at Cliatliam, where, when I i>ft Knjfland in Aiiril last, 
they still Were, in a worse situation, (/'/<o.fV(7;/e, than in Mill Prison. 
The allowance, sir. In American prisoners in Eui..;land, yon are ac- 
quainted witli ; it is, therefore, not necessary for uie to mention it 
here. It is but justice to state, that the captain of the Pliccbe peti- 
tioned the transport board and used every exertion in his power lo 
obiain the paroles of captain Upton and Mr. Wayne, but all would 
not do ; they were deaf to his jjetition, lost as they are to every 
sentiment of honor, aad every principle of humanity. 

Kxctpt captain Upton and his f.rst-lioue.oant, e.ll the rest of his 
ofllceraaiid crew were sent on board the pr'soii-sliip on their iirst 
arrival at Plymouth ; among theiii was the doctor of the Ilnuter, 
Mr. Carter, who came home in the cartel Robinson Putter. What 
I liave stated respectini; the treatment of captain Upton and j'Mr. 
Wayne, I know lo be facts, as I had the /junoi- of spending twenty- 
four hours in Mill Prison with them, and heard those facts related by 
theinsehes. Very respectfully, See. 

J. Mason, esq. commissary general of prisoners. 

Navij Tard, CJutrle^taxun, JiineS'J, 1813. 
.Sir,— I have the honor to enclose you a deposition respecting 
inhuman treatment, which Mr. Nichols, late commander of the 
pri>ate armed ship Decatur, belonging to Newbun port, has re- 
ceived from the British government at Raibadoes. I have been 
credibly informed that captain Nichols is a very respectable and 
correct, therefore a fair presumption, tiiat he has not comini'- 
ted himsf-lf in such a manner as ought to deprive him of the esta- 
blished rights of a prisoner of war. Ai'.y measure which the go-- 
verninent of our country may see proper to adopt in consequence 
of litis coramuiiicatioiij X shall readily attend to. 

Hon. n'm. Jones, secretary of the navy, city of Washington. 

I, Jam< s Foot, oC Newburyport, in the county of Essex, and 
commonwealth of Massachusetts, niariuer, testify "and depose, that 
I was a prize-mastrr oji board the pr:\ ate armed brigantine Djcatur, 
of Newljuryport, in her last erui/.e, William Nieliuls, commander ; 
That on the IRtli day of January, iiov; last past, ilie said brigantine 
was captuivd by his Britannic majesty's frigate Surprize, comman- 
ded by captain Cochran, and carried into Barbadoes. After our 
arrival iii Barbado -s, eapt. Nichols, with the other ofTiccrs of tlie 

Coniinom'.'crJth of, Ei:^r.i; .?» 

On this thirty first day of May, in th'ejearof oi'.r lord IRI' 
sonally appeared James Foot, the subseriht f~to tlie jiiregoiir 
position and made solemn oath that the same is true. 

Before me JACOB GVAIV^ISU. ji'stire 'f the peacf. 

Ex:rrirt of a letter from tlie Caini)n.,:nir!j-g'//icrftl. of pr!ii,ner.i, to 
Atexnmkr Stewart^ e%q. United States' agent f'.r pris'ucrs, at 
Jamaica, Jnleit May 1st, 1813. 

" I enclose you a cojiy of an advertisement, said to h.Mve been 
taken from a Jamaica news|)ap'r, aj)parently put forib by the 
Britishagent for |)risoners, proposing Ui hire eitt American jirlioi- 
ers : you will enquire into this mutter, and if it be. as b.)s been 
stated, yi||i will remonstrate stro.igly against such a praclicrj 
anil inform ine ofth- practice, and the result." 

[Referred to in the preceding extract. 

Port Ro'inl. 2^:h N:.emhrr, l!1l2. 
Masttt-; of vessels aboiii to proceed to Kngl nd with convoy, avp 
informed that they may be siipfdi. d with a lioiited nuiubVr of 
American stamen (nrisou -rs of war) to assis't in n.avigstiiig their 
vessels, oil tlie usual terms, liy appijiug to 

Extract from a memorial addressed to the serretani of stale bif 
James Orr.!,J'>sej)h B.Coo'r.; Thomas Humphries and oUiers, mas- 
ters nf Ar.icrirnn vesteix. vho ~,verc prisoners '/ lenr in Enyjand, 
and returned to the United Stales in the edriel ship liobinson 

" We shall now jn-oceed to give as correct a statenirnt as wa 
tan of the treatment of our co.iutrvmen (prisoners of war) by the 
ISritisli in England. On t!ie arrival at Plymouth of the m.asirrj, 
first mates, suiH'rcaigoes ami passengers, tliey are seut to MilJ 
Prison fn- one day and night ; they have ?n iron bodstr'ail toslee[> 
im, with a small matrass -.vl-ic!! might easily lie put into a cotm- 
trymau's wallet, and a small coarse blanket. The allowai^ce for 
twenty-lour hours are three small salt herrings or the same 
weight of salted co>i-lish, or half a pound of beef, one and a half 
pounds of black bread, a little salt, f^c. The second day they arf! 
paroled and sent to Ashburlon, twenty-four miles from Plyuouth ; 
they must pay their own exp-nces to get tbei -. Whil.'they are 
there, they are ;allowed Is. Zd. per diem, <ir 8,?. 9d. sterlir,g pei- 
week. Beef is lOrf. per pound, breail in pr0|iorliou, wtiX everv other 
necessary equally dear. I he mat.s, who have nollung but tbuir 

pay to live upon, join together, eiglit or ten in a mess, hire a room 
and do their own cooking, washing, &e. and in this wav make out 
to keep from starving. Mastei-s, sup reargues and pi'.'Ssi-iigers gene- 
rally have oth'-r resources, through their correspoud' lU^i iii Eng- 
land, and inak-e out to live, by great economv, at irom 30 to .;5r. 
sterling per week; the second mates and oth. r ofTicers are sent 
on board the different prison-ships. On boaid soeie of them they 
are treated by tlie commaiidiag officer as Wi II as tlie nature o(^ the 
situaii^.ii will admit ; on board of some others .tley are badiv 
treated. This, it will naturally occur to you, sir, is owing to the 
liiderent characters of the d rf rent commandi is. Their ailuwai'ce 
is 10 1-2 II). brown bread, 2 1-2 lb. beef, 2 lb. bad, 2 lb. pota- 
to' s. and 10 ounces barley per week fur each leaii, and 5 oiiucj'S 
of s.dl per week for ten men. The prison ships are kent v,-ry 
filthy, and the prisoners are confined belew at 4 P. M. and are 
kept ill that situation nniil 7 or 8 A. M. At PortsmoMtli particu- 
larly, they are Very sickly, and w>;are iot'ormed die very fast, 
days from 8 to 10; in fact, tliey are va-y .sickly on board all ot' 
them ; several of this dest riiition came home with us in the Ru- 
ninsou Potter cartel, and had, when tiiev caoie on hoard, the ap- 
pearance of having made their escape fr,;ai a churchyard. It is 
not, perhaps, amiss that we should state what v/e firmly believe ; 
that is, it is the |)oiicy of the British govirnm-nt to s'^ieet the 
sickly to be first sent in cartels, and kiep tlie haleajid liardy sea- 
men until they become sicUly, tlius rendering the whole of those 
gallant sons of N'-plin.e who" escape d-ath, when they r._-turu ti) 
tiieir homes, at l-ast for some tinu, pfrfectly useless to themselves 
and quite so to their country lioiii tlieir debilitated state ; and, in 
fact, the probability is, that maiiv of them will car;y (o their 
graves the iiui- lible stain;) iijion tlieir coostitutions of th- 
tiient which they received on boanl British prisnn-sl' ; for that 
nation seeins to have lost its boasted buni'mltv. anil if we did 
not find the word in their vocabulary we sbouhl suppose it haii 
neviT found a place there. Many of the seamen, prisoners on 
board tiiose prison-sliips, are impress;! .'Lmericans '.vho hare given 
tliemselves up, n fusing t > figlit against llr ir couuti-y. Four hun- 
dred on hoard the lieet in the Mediterranean, a short time before 
we h ft Euglaiiil, surrendered fheinsi-lves and \\v\-i- sent to Gibral- 
tar and England; several of them Were most /logged foi* 
r-fiising to do their duty, were put in irons, and inest of them, tu 
tl'icir immortal credit, siili'iiiitc d to tlie severest poiiishment in 
prefeiv'nce to assist the enemies of their country. Soir.e of us, 

to the cruel facl. 
A tablet ol'gold is not rieli enough to inverib" the names of such 
men iiioii, and wlun a country can btwit of such seaim-n, she has 
nothing to f'arlVom the enemy on the ocean on an iqtial footing- 
Capt. Jcdut!uiiiUn:e.n. laie master .it the private arm d br;g Hii»ter, 
of Salem, of 1-1 guns, because he threw them orerb janl in ebas -, ivas 

Decatur were paroled. About two months after our arrival his ! whose signalures are annexed, were witn 

Britaniiie majesty's frig.ate Vesta arrived in Barbadoes. and through 

tlie influence of the commander of the Vesta, captain Nichtils, 
without any known or pretended cause, was arrest'-d and held in 
close coiiiinement, without liberty to speak to any of his ofnceis or 
any other American. The pl.ace where captain Nichols was con- 
fined was about four feet in width and seven feet in length, on not allowed Ills ptuole, but kept in close coiiliii .nieut for a lon^ 
board a prison-ship, wie re he remained for thirty four days, as j time in Mill Prison, and lately lias been sent on board a prison-ship 
nearly as I can ricollect, and was then taken on boanl his majesty's! at Chatham. We mention these f.jcts in hopes that govern iient 
ship rriiniiie and carried to Englmid. ^Vhat the cause of the un- will retaliate exactly in the same way. C.ptain Samiulrurn r, 
warrantable and UJijustifiable conduct of the enemv towards capt. jl.Ue master of the Purse schooU' r, of New Verk, wr-s taken fin hi» 
Nichols was, I am uualile to state: there weresevn-.ii reports in i passag. lo France in Oclole r, ISII, prior I > tiie war. B'd in ve- 
'ivcuiation; one was, that he was to be carried (o England and taking his vessel, the pri/, -luaslei-, a British milsliioeieu. wa9 
held a prisoner until the release of cortai;, men in France, from killed ; he arrived s;.fe'y io Kra'ice, and on ins r fur i to America 
whom captain Nichols recaptured his vessel, which liad been taken wxs again liilceii, in Jiin •, IS12, an:! seat to Ki glaijil, wh u '»-ins; 
tiy the British before the curamencement of the present war be-j recognizrd. he was iijeuedlat' ly arr -ted and se it iin board the 
tween the two countries: another report was, that he was to be j St. Salvador, ad'eira! Calder's Mag ship, at Plymnut'i, where he 
held until the close of the war on account of his having been | remained a close prisoner unlit abuiu launary or Fhruavy last, 
active against the enemy since the commencement of hostilities,: when he was s iit on hoard the orison ship :it Chatha..i, wh rewe 
alid iMYiiig been fomiuate in a former cruize. JAMES FOOT, ■ (ax he wiil rciuaiu until death relieves lum ; ho iias bevu very iU 


Jfrailhi'- '<) liiiTiiaii nature. Wt- Hint in Rinnan historf. tliat an iin<l ■ioini' nu-al ; as to vegita')!- s, tin- <li|)onent was lot Hi'.os^niL'. 
ijiixiry or iiiiiilt otler-il to a Uomaii ciiizcii by a Conisn power was 1 lit rej^ulaiio ;son buan.l the said prirvju-sliin conipell-d iIk- i>rW.>i>- 
consjciired as an injult oiK rul ih. -.vliole Roainn naciun, anil hupe i-vs to go below il'-cks. wli re tli y w.i-p confinf>l at eieiii.jj and 
this will also Ik; the Ann riean ereeil, htcanse we biUeve it will be uniil ui.iriiin!;' ; as many as ciinlil w re snspended in ha'ii.-iMiUs, 
the surest way ofputtini; a stop to those indii^nities xvliitli Anie- and ilill tin n was not suflieient vuoinb'-Sow iheiii for al! tu lie 
rieans have so ol'leu hien obliged to suiti'r. We art,,howeV' r, no il^w... 1ji this n :.p et the situiticiu of tiie prisoners wnt not mly 

'' ' ■----■ - ■■'■" txtreindy unconirorlable, but hazarilons, and more especially, 

should till re be, as was upprehendei. a searcity of provisions 
dnrii.K the approaehinj; hot months. Tlie d ponent w is hoi jx v- 
milted to go on board said iirison-diip, hot rifrivtd his i'lil^rnia- 
tlon from masters of vessels, prisoners mI said island, who wre 
alltjwed oeeasionaily to no on board said prison-ship, with whoin 
the deponent is jiersomUly aeqnuiijted, and in wii.ise r."i>r;'sriita- 
tions lie has the most p rf-ct eoiifidenc>, and ent rtains no ilonbt 
of the faets by them stated; and this stateimnt is glv . at the 
request ol the fri'-mls of some of ihe piisoners at B n'.ia'loc s, par- 
ticularly of the crew of the privateer RIo' 'ctd ■. o! Hu-ifonl. 

Di-ftrirt Jiiili;c of Connftirut i/isirirt, 
I, Pierpont Edwards, judge of the ilistrjct eourt of the U.ited 
Statis for the Coiniecticiit district, do liereby certify and make 

advo.ates for ernelty. bnt on the contr.iry, for lenity ; y t we wid 
3til! believe, that in'cerWin eases v^ tnlialioii is not oiily *-eessary 
but hecoDits a duty to prevent turilurcruelties on the part of an 

tneuiy."' , , „ _ 

yasmti, Nox'ember 27, 1812. 

Dear Brother,— I embrace thi% the earliest oppiuMinity of coin- 
niuniealing to vou. on the DiU instant, fifteen days out, we (ell 
in wiihaiid captured the fine topper-boaomi d sliip V. niis, vessel 
and Cargo w on h at least t\¥eiit\ -fix ethonsnnd dollars. On the 12th, 
iMUSiiiiig our course and within five days run of jour place, we 
w. re captured liy his majesiv's sloop Moselle, George Moubmy, 
fomiiiander, and brought into this place. We reniaimnl on board 
th- sloop two or three days,and on the 19(h were tr:uist. rred from 
thence to till- i)risoi>ship where we are now imprisoned, with an 

allowance of six ounces of bread, three gilis of rice, light ounces . . 

of the worst of beef; iiielndiiig bone, which is as mneli as meat, I known tu all wnom it. may concern, that captain SihuihI Chew, 
with as much braek'sli water as we can use; guarded day aidithe wiihin iianied deponent, is a gentleman to me well known, 
iitglil bv ten or iilteiii s;l^ age Africans, who are total sii-augers lo : liaviiii;- known him for many years ; he is the son of captain Sa- 
liumani'tv, ami confined evei^ evening at sun-down, not to be re-| muel Clitw, late of the cityof N.-w Haven, <|. c ased, and who f 11 
leased until next morning at sun-risr, abused to the lowest degivei b\ a cannon bill on board tn American vess<-l dnring the revolu- 
bv thi- guard, and compelled to find salt i<3r and cook our own I lioimry war: tliat the said di ponent is a man of strict integrity', 
victuals with green niaiigoes. None of us are <ver pHrmitteil, tin- 
del- any condition whatevr, to visit the shores, wilU many other 
barbarous acts, which are too numerons to describe. This will be 

convHV«-d by the cartel sloop, captain Coop^ r, lieiiig the second 
carterwhicii has sailed since our arrival here. A schooner from 
Baltimore was only allow.d eU;ln mer. and Coop -r, who bronglit 

and attaeie d lo the constitution and gnvei-nment of tho United 
St:)tes, and the most perti ct confideuce isilne to his said r'-nrsen- 
talions so aa^ aforesaid sworn to. PIERl'OXT EDWARDS, 
Dhtriot judge of Connecticut di'ftrici. 
]M-lviUe Pri.on, Au.nrst 30, 1H12. 

SIR, — We tlie subscribers, for ourselves and onr coniitryinen. 

sixty-four prisoners, is only allowed eighteen in return, while \ve, I „„^v eontin-d as prisoners of war in Milville Prison, H.illfax. 

tighteeii in number, are detained in this miserabie |d;iee ; lor j J,;„y3.s^.„^i3 i„jj |f,.jy^. j„ ,.,.j,n,_.„t (o [1,^ Aim.,.i(.3n goyi>r,,i^,^,,5_ 

>vhich we cannot assign any reason, except to pnnisli us as pri-j pi,m ,„j,st of us have for >.ars prst, made cdnimerce onr soh ein- 

valeersmen, or as hostages liir those tvyelve lately d< tamed in; piuym^nt and hope, in wliich, fir seven Vi-ars or mor-', W" have 

Charleston; this last is the f;'iieral beli.:t, and as such, 1 deem a|„(^.„ b.-en wantonly robbtd liv the K.>glish of what w,- had :.e- 

tuminunication of the cirenoislance essenli;'.! to commodore Di nt,| qiiii,-(l |,v industry and danger, and whiie th.-y stript us of on-' 

commander of the south.ra station, that In- may look to it and - .... 

enquire the cause why Americans are to be detained here two or 

three months, while n.ore prisoners have been iveiived here, by a 

great inanj, than what have been sent to the United Stales. Men 

Vhohave arrived here since wi, liave been sent otf ; they preceid 

■with no degree of r^ gtdaritj in the exchange ol prisoners, and mci 

i.i open contradiction to every thing ligiit, and really believe, that 

toicept you make known the ciieiuiistance and use some favorable 

extrtious. that some of us will he intentionally detained until the 

end of our present coiiu-st with Great Britain. As 1 wish your 

exertions for our exeliaiite, I' haw subjoiued a list of those w!io 

are thus miserably treated, that we may be demanded in a proper 

way. The Uapid's crew have b en imprisoned here near tliree 

months, and have now no prospect of getting away, while the 

tiews of two other privateers have been released. 

Crczi uf tiic l.ovibi X.oj.f.— Lieut. Autine r^anibert, Wm. L 
Rob'Scni, William Thomas. John Crandel, David Asiiton, John 
Gamache, John Hynes, Danus Sw.iiii, John M'Kenzie. 

Jia,'iii!''s e;eu'.— Captain Laineson, Pete: La \\lla„ George Ale.v 
ander, Jem-sT. Mllh r. Fianeis Mnrliii, Gan^ion Higulows. 

Ol /in- pri.toners.—iiiiuon West, Matlievv Bridge. 

1 wrote Mr. Peck and refpiesteu him to forward me a letter of 

property, they often treated us with the greatest indignity, ainl 
even barbarity. 

We have seen and known tle^t they have offn violated the 
sacred privilege of individual lib- rty and the law of nations : we 
are conscious of the long forbi aranee of our govriiment, ai;d 
<Jieir repeated calls upon the honor and josiiee of the Hritisiu 
nation wliieh, instead of redress, addi li other injinii^s ; and w lien 
the hope of amicable remuneration had faileil, and for ri taliatioti 
our goveriinient was forced to the last resort, an appeal to arms, 
we felt the Justness of our cause and hoped for tin- h|i ssing of h -a- 
vcii tor succiss. To s'-rve our country ami to make up the losses 
we had sustaiiH.-d, we, under co:iuiussio;is from tiie president ol the 
Uniti (1 States, enter don board of piisatearnif-d vessels, and have 
unfortunately been captured by the British. We would state, t'lat 
i» many instances after we had sirueU our colors, we wer- fired 
upon iiy cannon and muskets, bioadiids ad volleys, and some of 
our men killed, and after captors had come on hoard some of 
ns have lieen struck aed severrly woUiUled with cutlasses, without 
the least provoeaiion for such inhumanity. Onr American jii-olee- 
tions have b on Ibreed from us and destroy (', --.nd some ii.Uiv^ 
America:! c.tizeiis liave b-en taken out of our privateers and put 
on board British s!iips,and thire obligfdto serve. Mjst of us have 

introduction to some one here and also a pruicciem shesuiig that j ijij^^^n robh: d o; evi-r'v ilnng,eve:i ofiiec. ssary clothing. When we 
Jam an America!'.. Asit is possililelhat lie may not get my flier,! ^^^.,e goi.ig from the ships to prison the omcers would not permit 
yoti will notice my request and pay that atlention which it de-| ^s to lake our cfithing and baggage with us, but pledji-d tiieiii- 
serves. I mentioned in my h iter to Tiir. Peck, that an) funds j s^.jv.g, that they should be sent lo prison ; but disi-garilii.g th'ir 
viiicli I rcc( ived hi r- would be returned on a;);d!ei,tioii. as my j .n^,,yc, we Imvr lost all. Som; of us hiiv been mareb.d thirty, and 

evpendilurt- will. tVnongh an ecoiioiiiieal prmcinle, be as small as j 
possible. I indulge the hope that you will cunlbrin to my wishes 
ill this paiticuiar, and also iiifoi -u Mr. K. Ily of our imprisonment 
b-re, and request his inlluenee in facilitating- our exchange, with 
line other srrviei . 

vVc have no clianee of g-aining- information here. Every person 
uses evi ry exertion to ket-p us in igjiorance ; however, we are 
enabled to <ay. tliat the Kuglisli prisoners have generally com- 
bined ill speaking of the treatment they received in the I'. States. 


Capt. Thomas J. ftobexon. 

N. B. The Moselh-. Rhodian and Variable, three men of War, 
have just convojtd five or six vessels over the bar bound to so.oel 
part of'; it is supposed that they will return to criii/.e off 
Cliai-1 stoli. In case you address or send any ihiiig for me to thisl 
place, yim will direct to the c-ire of M> ssrs. Bain, Dunslie fc co. | 
laercliaius here. 1 am yours, ike. AV. L. R. Mill/ 9, 1313. 

Sir,— Annexed is captain Samuel Chew's dep<}sifioii. taken he- 
foiv judi^e E'iwards at New-Haven. We expected ii in season to 
hav--'t'.rv.arded it by Mr. Did I. Imt received it last ev T,ingby Mr. 
Hiiiitington, tlie Uniteil'SLiles' attiriiey for Conieiiieut lUslnCt, 
aud now forward i-cto you per mail. Yours ris|»ctfi.'.ly, 

Hup. Jamen Monroe. 
Conii-wCtitui. l), ss. 

Oil this daj, the Tth of May, in the year of onr Lord eighteen 
hundred and thirteen, personally came beiine me, Pi, rpont Ed- 
wards, iudge of the district K.urt of llie United Stale s, liir ih 

^o lie si\ty, and some one liuiidr' d lod sixty mili-s ovi-r a miserable 
country, foi-erd along beyond our str ngih, hal: staried ands eiie 
in irons. Our allowance, each man per day, jO" and an half 
pounds o( bi-Hrtd, half pound noor bff, well pro lortioned with 
bone, one gill of peas, one-third ounce of salt. We are without 
wearing apparel and without moiiey, or any nieans of pioriiring 
them. " A cold winter in this wreieh.d conntry fast approaches, 
a id in our destitute situation we must < nduve every thing, and 
many of us must perisli. Thi r'arenow of iisin prison upwards of 
twelve hundred. Every art Ins been praetic-il liy the English 
officers to excite disafiiciion in our men to ibe .\ineriean govi rn- 
m.-ut, and to induce them to ent. r into the English s' rvice. Ne- 
c ssity may oblige some to desert ns and enter iiuo British seryi- 
liidf, but We trust that spe dy relief trom our goveniinent will 
save them fr mi that vvrelehed ;ilt.-nialive of perishing with want'. 
or .joining our enemies. For ourselves and the rest ol' the prisoner* 
We must say, we have now no fortune to d.voti.' to the service of 
ourci.untr.ibiit We have hearts which yet fe« 1 warmly the general 
impulse, aiul w hich w.- plt-dtre, if opportunity ev r again presents, 
to devote in lli.- interest and service of our cou'i'ry. Vve are iioW 
sutf.-rers, but will eh -erfiilly siiifer every hardship of war rathet 
than sue for dishouorabU peace. 

We respeclfullv request an exchange or s«me provision for re- 
bel'. We feel the' fiiihst confidence in onr goveni'iient, and that 
we need only to apjai'^e them of our situation to insure their as- 
si'tauee and'pmtectioii. Yours, ike. 

Joseph Starr, Boslon, Solomon Norton, Boston, 

Frederick .lohnsoii. New York, Alex. B. Latham, New LondoB 

Robert M'Koariiey, New. Yolk, 

district aforesaid, Samuel Chew, of the city of New Haven, in tliel Richard Rhea, New-Jersey, 
sahl district, and being duly swuiu, depuseih, that he was at Britl^jC- Gvorge Battciiuau, Boston, 

Darius Deiiisoii, N*-w-Yoi-k, 
Easlwick Pray, I'ortsmouth, 
Wiliiara Teaiold, Pwtsmouihfc 



Fithc^ Dala, Pm-ilaiul, 

Clis. Thonipsoiijjiiii- New- York. 

■jDhn Hiii'-koii, Hoston, 
•Williiiiii Djcr. K"-tnn, 
'.ianiis ■I'ra^k,'n.n, 

Hon. Jainci- Muiirue, spcrttary of state. 


Office of Cumnu.n-(ini General ff Pnsowys, 

li'a\/u>igtoii,Jui>r: 10, 1811. j 

Slli,— I have tile lio'Kir to tli.' cji)y uf a itttr li-oiii 
cai>t»iii Stt-wait, coiii...* ulin;- the Uiiitcil Stat;s' naval ioixts at 
Nurl'olk, clal'd tlie 2nUi i>t' M;iv, lo ad.uiral W.uTcn, and tUat ma 
let 11- tVoni reai-ailailral Cot-kmini, tlated aim May, in nplj. ivla- 
live to a most uiijnsritiH' le aet orcoiiriiodoir B ri\st!>vl, as to part 
ol'tlie officer* and crew o!' tlie I^ilc- United States' iiriK' ^ i-^i-'n at 
the lionlli ot'tlie O hiwaie. tlif t^vnenil question ot' tiie 
in; r( ivnce of fOJiiiiodM'. P. rreslur: wxh tins- ];n30iiei-s oi war 
retnr.iinjj on a ijarol;-, u'.v\ tlie exaction niaile liy liim in eoiise- 
qui -le of the nT' icniai' piivvtr thus assumed, on tlie H'rnund on 
winch caj>tain Stewart has very proiicrh plxc' d it, 1 will r ■■uaik,^ 
that captain Stewart «as certainly ini'saijprehend' d liy adnnral 
Coi'Klinrn. in attnbiitiiiii' to him the intention of coiiveyiuf^ a 
threat, as to tie- iiial det>'tun ol'two of the Aiii.riea'i piisomrs ; 
on the tontr as, i!k cxpr ssiou used by cantain Stewart connnnni- 
cates in vry pl.iin ti rns the decision of this f^uv.rjeeent tneij, 
already made; tlnit fuurotliis Rr: tannic- Raj stj's sn'.^jects should 
be iinn.ediat ly selected and lield in durance, sulyeet l« tlie sanie ; 
treatniJiit in ail li sp uts, &c. . , . I 

And I iiave n.nv to inform von, sir, that in virtue of this deci-, 
sion, a.;d \i\ un orihr fron. this'uP'.c", the niarslial o* Massclius'tts 
lias df si,;.'iati.-<! and placr-d in el iie continMr.ent ■William Kir ., 
carpijiltr, and Thomas Bcddintctield, boiirtswain, of tlie late Bri- 
tish jaUt Swallow; and .hilin Sipiirrell and .lames Knssel, sea- 
men i.l III.- Diagu'i, sev. iity'oiir. sniijects of his ilr. tannic ma- 
jesly, to he b' Id respoi.sihh- for tlie safety ol' J. dm St, vns, ea - 
P'-nV r, and Thomas Kii.g, sertina i,part ofthecrtW of the United 
States' hrig Vixtn. 

I fhifter mys 1;; sir, that this subject will command your early 
att -.'ie.ii, aiid that yon will eansi- the oiTicer and seaman ot the 
ViX'.n to be iniiiie<liately released and returned to this country, 
,accoi-."nie: to thi ir i-stioatioii when takeu from the cartel. 
Very re.sni-ctfidly, &c. 

fSi-n.d) J. MASON. 

Colonel Thomas Barclay, &c. &c. 

H. M. S. Pokticrf, Mri\i 8, 1813. 

Sir,— I am sorry I am iind'r the neeessily of detiniuet; .'. ^'•y 
vens and T. KinR. late of the Vixen, in consequence of their 
Ijeiiig British subjects. 1 am sir, ike. 


To liciit. Drayton, 

'I'lie original is in the possession of the commissary preneral of 
prisoners. W. .TOXES. 

Nav\l Department. May 17, 1813. 

Sir— Yon are hereby atithorisvd and imtrnctfd to address a let- 
ter to admiral sir .lolin Boi! ise \Van\n, repr sinting the follow- 
inf, facts and determinatiun, viz. 'I'hat a part <if the ofiic. is and 
tivwof tin- )r:te United Stati s' iirii^ Vixen were r. turning from .Tii- 
maiea on parole, as prisoners of war, and entering the Delaware, 
when comiiodorc Rerresf n-d caus'-d them to be hruughl on board 
the Poicticrs and d tained until a part of th" crew of that ship, 
whom he demanded in exchang' . v.ere sent down from Philadel- 
phia ; that ultimately hi- detailed Jolin St' phens, carpenter, and 
'i'ho'nas Kiiip. sianip.n, txiii ot the aforesaid bivw of the Vixen, on 
th- plea of their hein^j British subjects, as appears hy a letter froni 
comniodore Beiresf</rd to lieot. Drayton, lati; 1st of the said brip; 
Vixen ; and that )oii are coinniandid explicitl) to d^ clwe, that in 
retaliation for the liih :it and unjust det ntion of the said Jidiii 
Stephens and 'i'homas Kiiifj, the govei^iment of the United States 
will immediately cause f'liir British sJibjects to lie selected and 
Iield in duress, subject to the same irratiiii'nt in all respects that 
the said John Stevens and iJionias Kiiij; may receive doringthir 

On the receipt of the adniinil's answer, yivi will communicate 
the same to me without Uciiy. I am respecjiully, Ktc. 

W. JO^^ES. 
Charles Stezvai-f, esq. coiiiiuanding naval ortieer,Norfolk,(Va.) 

United Stnt-e.\' frigni-c ConstiUatlon, 
OfNuifM, May 20, IS 13. 

Sir,— I have the honor to rein-esent to your excellency, tiiat a 
part of the <ifiicers and crew of the late United Slat; s' briu; Vixen, 
retiirninjf from Jamaica on parole as prisoners of war. wr-re, on 
entering the Delaware, taken out of the flae: of truce by coinino- 
dore Berresford, comniaiiiUiif? on that stiition,snd detained ii'ifila 
part of the crw of the Poictiers, then priiuiiers at Pliiladel,ihia. 
wrrr" demanded by him and sent down iu excliimire ; that ulti- 
TBately he detained on board the Poictiers. iohii Steplfos. carii.-n- 
tir, and Thomas Kiotf, seaman, late of the United Stat -s" brig 
Vix>-n, on plea of their hein;; sulijects of his Britannic inaj "Sty. 

This violation of the rights of prisoners on paride, is so contrary 
to the usage uf all civilized iiaiions, tliat I trust your i xceJIenej- 
will give siieh instructi«ns upon that head ;r. will prevent a simi- 
lar violation in future. 

I have it in command froiii my govriiment to state to your 
«ixcillency. tiiat in retaliation for so violent and i»njust a procedure 
on the part of commodore Berresford in detaining the above !Mr. 
John Stevens and Thomas King, that f(ii:rsiiliiec<.s of his Rritaniiie 
majesty will be immediately seleetf-d and held in duraiiC'-, subject 
to the same treatment in all respects, whieii may be show ii towards 
ilie aforesaid two persons during thi-ir deteiKion. 1 hope your 
esceUciicy Nvill give this subject jour eaiJicst attention ^od direct 

the release of Mr. Stevens ffnd Thomas King who have been so 
improperly detained on bo.Trd the Poictiers. 
I havrt the honor to be, &.C. 

Commanding officer of the United States naval force 
at. Norr.,!k. 
To his excellency tlK right hon. STr John B. Warren, admiral of 
the blue, and commander in chief of his Britannic majesty"? 
iiair'al forc«s on the Ami riean station. 

His innjesty^t! ship Marlhorov^h, 
In 1 irunhnven Bay. 21.rf Mny. 1813. 
Sir.— In the absence of sir .hilm B. Wiirrcn 1 have the honor to 
acknowledge the receipt of your letter und r date of tlie Otii 
current. cii:iiplainiiig ot the conduct of co.iimiiJore Brr.s'brd to- 
w;uds tlie Aniirican priioncrs of war retiiriiinsf to Philadelphia on 
l>aroU, and uf his liaviiig detained on board the Poictiers, Mr. 
John Stevens and 'I'liomas Kinr. 

No report of these cireuinsiances have yet reached sir John 
Wwrreii or myself from enuiinodoiv Berrt sford, but I have no 
hesitation in assuring you, sir, that every inquiry would have been 
made into tliem, and every satisfaction and . xplanation thereon, 
which the case iniglit have required, would have been olfcrtd to 
your government and yourself with the least possible delay, h«l 
it not liec-ii im- the threat with which your repres^-ntation on this 
su'.ject is accomi»ai«ed, thetinor of whic'i being liki ly to produce 
an entire change in the aspect of our communications, and parti- 
cularly in wlrtt relates to ihe individuals which the fate of war 
has placed within the power of our respei five nations; it totally 
precludes the possibility of my now entering further into the 
suhject than to assure you, your letter shall ':■,• transmitted to the 
right lionoruble the commander in chief hy the earliest opportu- 
nity, and whenever his answer arrives it shall lie forwarded to you 
withoii' delay. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with hish consideration, your most 
oU'dii lit liuinble s -rvant, G. t'OCKBURX, rear-admiral. 

Captain Stewart, commanding tiie na\al force of tlie 
United States, at Nuvfulk. 
i/uii-k, Fort-Ri.'iial. (.Tai.inira) Ma'rh 29, 1813. 
Sir,— Captain Moubray, of his majes-ty's »!oop Moselle, has just 
sent to me the copy of a letter from you to him. and another to Mr- 
Cook, of his inaj;st\'s l,ite sloop Rliodian, dated the 25lh ultimo, 
irsp ctsi'g six iiK-n,* mentioned in the margin, who were s'lit 
here from the Bahamas as hrving been takf-i in th, Aaierican 
priv itetr Sarah Ann, and supposed to be sulij.tli of his majesty; 
iiiil as no proof to what country th'-y biheig has been adduced, it 
lias never been my iiKention to bring them to trial, and they are 
at present on board of the prisoiesliips waiting an exchange of 
orisoiiers. I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

(Signed) CHARLES STiRLIN'G, vUc admiral. 

Chai tcs & Simpson, esq. 

Harlem. Jane 1. 1813. 
Sir, — I beg leave to refer you to a communication which took 
place tome time in the autumn or winter preceding, Ixtween Mr. 
Baker, his majesty's late agent for prisoners of war, and Mr. Mon- 
roe, secrctai'y of state, respecting six of the crew of the late Ame- 
rican privateer Sarah Ann, Richard Moore, master, c.iptured by 
his mijestj's aloop Rhmlian, John G'-orge Ross, esq. command -r, 
wliose namest are i!isert"il in the margin, and who it appears were 
serK to Jain;,ica, to which station the Rbo !ian belonged, on sus- 
picion of their being sub|ecls of bis majesty: and I further re- 
quest your attention to a lelic'r from major-gen ral Piuckn^y to 
the secrelary at war, dated In ad-quarfrs, Charleston, 4th of No- 
vember, !.<il2, <Vom which it appears thiit twelve of his majesty's 
|sn1jjerts, then prisoners of war at Charleston, were held in prison 
I to answrr in their persons for the litte of the six men, of the 
Sarali Ann, privateer, sent to .lamiica. 

1 have the honor to enclose you the copy of a letter from vict» 
admiral Stiriiug, commanding liis najesU's ships of war on th» 
Jamaica slati m, to Mr. Si.npson, late sub afent for prisoners of 
war at Charh sloii, from \vlhch yon will perceive, that the six nie!i 
of the Sarah Ann are considered by the- aihiiiral as American pri- 
soners g'-nerally, and are now on boiMd a. prison-ship, in commo;! 
with other American piiso: ers. 

Having given yow this inforaiation with respect to the six nie.* 
of the Sarah Ann privateer, I haie to request you will take X'.n-. 
necessary measures to ha^e th- eoiuing.nt i> sinnsi'iiliiv which it 
was thought proper to attach to the persons of tweUe iiiii.ish sea- 
men, now in prison in Charleston, taken oU^ and that they may 
be informed tle-rrof. 

I uiiderslaiul that John Gaul, one of the six men, was paroleil 
and arrived at Georgi town, Soiith-C.iroiiua, in tlie hrig Cyprus, 
and that he has reported himself to the inarslia!, who infirnidi 
Mr, Simp-;on '• tleit lie had s.-nt on to the department of state bin 
parole.'' 1 have the honor to be, &.c. 

(Signed;; THOMAS BAII/'L.\Y. 

General Mason. 

Office of Commissary Ce.:u:ral of rr'sniicrs, 

'i!'ns/iin:iion, .liivr 9, 1813. 
Sir,— I team with pleasure by the letter voii did .ne the honor <a 
a'Idress nie on the lirsi instant, and tin !• itu- froi.i ad.niral Stirling; 
you have encloied, tUat ilie six ioen belonging'; l« the .Vmerica i 
privatf'<-r Sarah Ann. detniiied in OctoV-r las; uiu! stiit to Jamaicn 
to be tried as British sniijects, ha \e heei. rc.iored toi'e- ordinav/ 
state of prisoners of war to wait an exrjjauge ; and there is 
now no intention to bring them lo trial. 

I very clieerfiilly coiiipi> v.ith your request, siiv iiavcth.j 
Hay directed the oiarilnl el Soii'h Cariy'iiia to ^■e^ ti"' in li'te 
manner to the ordinary state nf pil-or.ers of war,tti'; twive British 

* KdwarJ Dick, Tlioiiias llo.l.Jtjrs, A l.tni I'xjlur, .lohi^ G ju . 
Mike Pluck, George G. Roberts. 

t Edwa' I Dick, Thomas Rodffcrs, Adata Taylor, John Gaul, 
Mike Pluck, Gcorije G. Uobei'ts. 




fe-imen confined unrtt-r the ordi-vs <!f iliis p;iivrniiin.nt by liiiii, aiid 
foinliirni t'lt-iii. lliulttie r spoiArljiliiy aitai:litil (o tlit-ii- jki-^uiis tor 
the saloty ot'tla- liifn ol ihf Saruii A.m lias btvu taken otf. 
Vi i-y ifipt-titiilly, &.C. 
(Sitrnrd) J.MASON. 

Cu/, ThuDins Banliiy, 

ChUiiofJic.June 8, 1813. 
S.r.— I ftcl it my duty to I;iy I>eR)rt- yon tin- last- ol AS'illiaiu 
M'Oowcil Scolt. I;ut- ofJ). tiuit, an iiiilortiiiuuc Ulluw-fili^cii, who 
L;is biiii sei/.iil anil rtfipi-tlit-mjiil by t!n- iiiili^li co.uiuaiidiiig 
olHcM- ;it Ol iroit and sent to Qncb'. c. wlnic \w is now tooline.i 
uudci- [ii-. um-'' ot btiiig a Biitisli siii jcti, and one loiiud in aims 
in b('li;ili of t!u Uniltil Siatis against tl-.ut s^-ovtninitiit. 

V.jiliani MUiiwi 11 Seott is a native of Ir.iand, and tmigiatid 
to the United Statts a'.iont i iglilri-n y( an si.;L-i'. Hi' rt-sid. d I'oi 
sunt.- VL-ars in tiie sl-.ilf olNuw-Yovk. anil in the oflSOO, 
liv c;irni' to D Iroit, islablislit'd biuis- 1^' as a jiliysieian. and lias 
e\fr sini'r rt-bi'U-d thi-iv. He lias been iiatuialii! 'd ngi\e..b.y lo 
the laws ol tin- United States, and tbis faet is WfU known to ll>e 
British goviiiinieiil : and both in tlie tmitoiy of Iiirtiana, btfoie 
that teiiitoi-y was diviifed, and siibs.(iiien;ly in tlie terntoi'y ot 
JSIiehigan, he has held and filled, with lespeet and fidelity, some 
ol' the liist offices in those two t-n'ilnries. 

Sni-li, lor example, as a justiee ol' the peaee and a. judge of tin 
Common pleas in tlie Indiana terriiovy ; and suhscquently marshal 
ol llie ten-itofv of Michigan. 

In ail these ofiices, sir, and in every other sluia'ion in which Dr. 
Seoit's pnhlic and poblieal character has been or can be viewed. 
he lias imiiormly inaaili-srid an nmieviating attfieiiment to the 
]n-iiielp!( 4 of our toiisiiluiiot!, and the adminisUatiou of tli.s 

Hii siipport in the present cause, during the time tliat general 
I-Jiill lay at Saii'.wieh and D.troit, was not outdone by any person 
wliat.-ver. In fact, it was bis unwearied exeitimis lliat ha\o pro 
Vokid and spirited oiitlie Brilisii to that line ol coudiitt and perse- 
cution vh-y aif now (i.nsning towards him. 

Proctor.' who sent liim iVoi,! Detroit, and sir George Prevost. 
v'ho reedved biiii at lorl (leirge aud Ibrwarden him to Quebec, 
tin-eaten lo hiia with all the severiti' s authorized by tlie 
laws of nations, and the i;sages of war, in cases of an actual bona 
fiile Kiiiish snlijoet .'inind in arms against that government. 

I do not for niys'-lt, however, enteriain a belief that they will 
dare to pni their threats in exeootisMi to their fall extent. But, sir. 
witlioi.l the intertVreiite of the govtrniiient tliey will detain iiim 
liming the wir, and lia-y will nuke his lio- so wretclieif and niiser- 
flble that death would be a Heleoiiie messenger. 

I liope, sir, the occasion will be a sufficient ajiology for ob- 
truding tliiscoiiinuiniealion upon you. 1 am anioiig.t the number 
Ot-tl-KJse wilt) liavi- not ilie honor of a personol acfinaiiitance with 
yon. But gi-n, j-al lnjlor, wlio 1 look to as liie bearer of it, is a 
gentleman to whom I am ptrsonally known, and who has like- 
wise a pri tty correct Knowleilge of the diaractei' of Dr. Seort. 
I lei\e tile honor to be, &e. E. BttUbll, 

77//; liijih.riwlr Ji.riirs Motiroc, esq. 
JiMrsict of a Utter from .lobn Mitchell, esq. agent for Asneriean 
iuihoners of war at Halifax, to the sctrelavy of state, daied 
Jbiy iJSih, 1S]3. 

" 1 liave lust u All iTiforn.edby the agent for prisoii'Ts, that Mr- 
John Ligiit. of till- .Iidiaii Smith, a privateer comuiandetl by cap- 
tain li.-nry Cooper, will be detained here in tonsequeliee of his 
having, pr.vious lo llie war, t.iken the oath of allegiance in this 
provinci, (Nina ScfifiO and eomnumded a vessel out of this plac- 
(llalilax.) Mr. Light was lieutenant of the privateer when cap- 
tured by the Njnipb, ih. 12tli I>Iay, ISI3." 


tViii-h,lngt(jii, Jauiiav'j 30, 1813. 
Sir,— I tliin'; it my duty to lay iK-tiire the department, that on 
tJii at Qiit ni-c oi tbe American prisoners of war surriii- 
dereii at t^Ufcnstov. n. ili.y were mustered and examined by Brliish 
o<licersappei,,ted loiiint duly, and every naliee born of the united 
ki igdoiii of Great l.iiuiiii and In land sequestered and sent on 
bond a ship of war th^ :i in that harlior. The vessel in a few days 
tlieitafv rsa.le! f.^r F.iU'-iand witli tliose pi rsons on heard. 

PiiW'-eii lif; 'in and iwriily pi-rsons wire tlius taken from lis, 
priiHipally iiaiivts of Iivhind, several of wiioin were known bv 
thUr platoon ufJicvis to be iialiir.ih/.ecl citizens ni' the United 
States, and ol!lel^ to have been long residents within the sanit. 
Oni- in partui.)ar, whose name has escaped me, besides having 
complied with all the conditions of our nalur:i!i/alion laws, was 
represtnli d by Ins oKicers to h.ivc left a wife and live children, all 
ot them born witliin the statK of New-Vork. 

I disliiatly uiKi. rstiiiid. as well from tlie officer who came on 
liofii'd the [irison-ship ior the above purpose as trom oiiitrs, with 
\\hom I nii.onstrat d on this siiUjeet, that it was t!ie ditirmina- 
tion of t!ie Briiish gini rnnieiil, as express-d thne.icji sir George 
Prevost, to pur.ish iMiy man whom it r-.igh! subject to its posier, 
ibund in ar os against the British king, contrary to liis niaive 
alhlCiav.ce. I Iiaveth. honor to be. Sec. 
' (Signed) \V. SCO'lT, Lic'tt. Col. U. S. 2d Artiilenj. 

;<iK. BKASLET TO Tilj; S Kt 1". MA II Y OT STATK. 

L(ini!'it\ il7<7?T,'j 1, l.';i3. 
Sir,— Annrsc-d you have s copy of a lettir fioni IJenry Kellv, 
iji'belia'.f of himself and iwen.y-iwo persons. He states, that tliev 
^'•(J jll ciiizi lib of till' United States," and have wives and faniijies 
iilrje; that tiny taken in October in Upper Canada, and 
tl-^t they v.ere sent t.-i tins country hi cause lii. -y were bom Witiiin 
the British doiniiiioiis. lam very respecifullv. fko. 

(Signed) K. G. BEASI.EY. 

On bufird H. M. S. jS'amtir, lying at pie Xon; ir/i. 6, 1813. 
Sir,-»This is toiii.'linn you ofihi- un',lerii;imcd Iwent, -three Ame- 
rican soidiiTs, i.-eloh-rltig'to tlie 13lli, fitb and 1st of ilie 
Vjiltetl Sta;es armies. "vVc were f-.tli:eii en the l^ith'of Oeiober in 

Upper Canada. 'I'he reason of their sending us twenty-three here is» 

we were horn in tiie British dominions, though we are all citizens 
of the Unit i! Jjlati's, and liaxe our vives ani chikheii there. We 
ail- in a Virs miserable situation for clothing, having drawn no 
winter clothes befbre we were taken. 'Wi. tUeretore hope you wiil 
send us some r- li f to sin Iter us from the inclenien y of the 
weather. Sir, I remain your obedient servant, 

(Signed) HiiNRY KFXLY. 

Sir, th-se arii the namf? of my fclhiw-sufrtr: rs :— lleiry Blaney , 
George ^I'Cammon, John Dolton, Micl'.a,-1 Coiidin, John Clark, 
Feur Bu;r, Andnw Dr.ylt, John M'Gowaii, JauKs Gill, John Fnl- 
snm, I'atii^k M'Braliartj, Muhew Mooi"; , Patrick Karns, John 
Fit/.p>v 11(1, ,lohn Will y, John Donnell)', John Curry, N.ilhan Sha- 
le . Edward JPGarigaii, John ifuinue, Jolia Williams, George 

.•'i; /?. G. Dcaslc'j. 
Estrailofa litter from admiral sir John Borlase 'Warren to the se- 
en tary of state-, dated BcvDiuda, Marc/i 8, 1813. 
" I must rekr you to my letter of the 30th o( Septen.ner, IS12, 
ill which I statcil the cireumstance ol' Iwi-Ue men belonging to the 
Giierrii re, taken out of a cartel by comie.oiJore Rodg' rs, and ille- 
g Uy detained, ujion the pretext ol six others, who w. re suijjiosi d 
to be British subjects, having been sent to the united kingdom for 
examlnalion ; since tliat event, five of th' se people, named in the 
eiieliised list, have been received at Halifax with orders lur th'ir 
discliarg. . 1 therefore request you will comnuiiiictite these part'i- 
ciilars to tlie president, m order that ftirtlier dir ctious may be 
given respecting the Guerriere's men, so long coiilin; d at Bojtmi, 
and toobviate the olln-r iuconvenientes which mu»l inevitably 
arise from such practices." 

L.vtract, dated April 16, 1813. 
" It appears by your letter (of the 8th of March, from B rnuula) 
thatfi\eonIy of theseamcn that were taken on ho:ird lb- Nfietilus 
anil S"!it to England, in coiifiiienienl, have been rrtnriieil. Ko ae- 
coui t is given of the sixth. Orders have eeen issued for ihe rel ase of 
ten o! the twelve men, who, on a principle of r tali.nioti, were eoii- 
liiii d by commodore Rodgi-rs at Boston. 'Vou will be siiisi: le it 
will be impossi'.de, on that principle, to discharge the oilier two 
men until the sixth American seaman is returned, or such an ex- 
planation given, of the cause of his detention, as, aceoi.liiig lo the 
ciiCUMislances of the c»se, rtganiing the conduct of the iJiiiisli 
government towards American sta.iien undur aindlar cnoura- 
s ances, ought to ue satistactory." 

Extract of a letter from In uteiiant F. H. Babbitt to master com- 
mandant Will. M. Crane, of the U. S. i.avy,(laie of tbr U. S. brig 
Nautilus) dated B'iston, (Mans.) 13th Sept. 1S12. 

Enclosed Isendyoti a description ol the proportion of our little 
crew, who have been so debased and traitorous as to enter the ser- 
vice of our enemy. AKo, a list* of those gall nit fillovvs, whose 
g.ory it wouM have been to have lost their lives in the service of 
their coi'.nlr), and wlms.' luislortiineit has been to cross the Atlantic 
on suspiciim of their jeing British -ahjects: four of them native horu 
Americans, and two naturalized citizens. On their parting with 
nil', and removal from the Africa, of 64 gnus to the Thetis frigate 
(till' l.itterwith a convoy from England, then in 43, 30, N. ami 46, 
JO, \V.) ilieii- last r.-quest and desire was, that 1 would particularly 
acquaint you avitn their situation, with th. ir determination neves 
to jirove trnitors to that country whose (lag they were proud to 
serve under, and whose welfare awd prosiierity they equally hojied 
and anticipated lo realise. 

(Sigiitd) F. H. BABBITT, 

A list'of men said to have entered on board his B. M. frigate 
Shannon, commodore Broke. Their dsrcript ion as far as known. 
J -se Bat. s, seaman, about 5 fi- 1 9 inches high, dark hair and 
complexion, ilark snapping eyes, has an inij)eiliment in his speech, 
and at limes ajlects lunacy; has a wife and faniily in Boston, 

Samuel Lang, marine, born in Kentucky, 5 feet S inches high, 
nrtbi-reahouts, and is supposed to be enlisted with capLiin Half of 
the U. S. mtirines, Nw-Ymk. 

Jebii Voting, marine, .'i leet .* inches high, large mouth, enlisted 
wiih ca^rt nil H.iil, navy-yard, New-'ioik ; w hen addressed or is 
addressing an ofiieer. easts down his eyes. For his particular de- 
sciipiion us wellas dial of John liose, niarine, about 5 feet 3 inches 
h.gli, brown bair, full face, thick set and a scow Ion his countenance,, 
refer lo captain .Toiiii flili, 

John O'Nral, seaman, about 24 years of age, 5 feet 5 inches high, 
(lark l.air, sharp face, dark eyes, tluck set, and was shipped at >ior- 
iblk. \n.iir'\i'ms to yourtaking the command of the Nautilus. 

Wiiiiaiii .To.ies, od. s-amaii, about 5 feet 8 inches high, light hair, 
■24 years of age, full face, tliieic set, down cast look, and is a very 
aleil man ; entered at New-'iork April last. 

(Signed) * F. H. B. 

sm JOHN BonLAsi: watibento '^'.'n. monhoe. 

Hnlifax,30fh September, 1812. 
SIR— Having vpceivcd information tiiat a most iinaiitborised act 
has been committed by commodore Kodgers, in forcib!) seizing 
twelve British seamen, prisoners of war, late beionging to the 
Ciiierriere, and taken oni of the English cartel brig Endeavor, on 
lur passagdown theharliorof lloston, after they had been regu- 
larly emharked on loard oi her lijr an exchange, agreeably to the 
arrangements seltk ;i between tin- two countries, and that llie said 
Britisli spameii, so sfi/etl, are now detained on board the United 
States' friga'e President, as hostages; I feel nijself called njion to 
i-fquest, sii-j your niosi serious attention to a iti(asure so fraught 
will misehief and imoinenieiice, destructive of the good ftiith of 
a Hag of truce and the sacred ]irdti'ction of a cartel. I should lie 
extremely sorry that the imprudent act ot an officer should in- 
volve consequenees so ])articnlarly severe as the jnesent instance 
must naturally prodiieeif repealed ; and allhougli it is very much 
much niy wish, daiing the continuance of tlis difTtrences exis^in^ 



Jietwpfii the two countries, toadopt cvoi-y measiuv tJiat nripht j- -ii- tltiide to the Supreme Disposer of events for a victo- 
ry that hiini:inity may rejoice cil, as rclievinir a widf- 
anil mucii exposed frontier from the scal/jinq- knifti, 
and leading directly to peace, at least in that quar- 

We can hardly attribute too pireat importance to 
this viclory. By rai unaccotintable predilection, 
the common attention had been drawn almost exclu- 
iivfly to 0«/«)v"o, where, indeed, a mighty interest 
is at slake. Yet, perliaps, all things considi^red (and 
we have ofien made the remark) the viastery o? Erie 
is hardly of secondary inipoi-tance to the svay of 
tlie lower lake. I'.tu we have not room for the ob- 
servations that strike us at present, nor is time al- 
lowed for tlie collection of tiie facts to elucidate 
them — we may pursue the matter next week. 

Harrison's whole force was in motion two days af- 
tcr the battle on the lake. We trust that Proctor 
will not escape him. 

Lieut. liiirro-ws and admiral J^'t^isrm. — The f^)llow- 
ing' contrast is presented by the editor of ihe Deme- 
crufic Prens. " Lord NeUon, in a striHjg-ie between 
the deligiit of victory and tlie di-ead of dyintr, is 
writhing' about on his bed lie!o~i\ and in anfj^uish cail- 
■ni^ to ins captidn, "kiss ine iiardy." Tlie inimitable 
Burrows is lying 071. ilecl-, calm and excmplaiy in the 
ag'inies of (iissokition, uttering' not a groan nor a 
sound except to refuse to be car-ied from his station, 
and when the vanqiiii;hed sv.ord was brouL-;!)! to jiim, 
after forty minutes of iiicottOeivable fortitude aU'l 
.heroism, lie exercises the last remaining- powers of 
spe.jcli oi'.ly to say liiathe is satisfied, and dies con- 
ptivifj-. leutcd. 

The Baltimore Toltinteers — Some of tiie oRicer^' 
s beepin'tli' sti'Mfc since 1801. ?fr>.!^ I and privates of this late elecjnnt and efiicient corps 
I' s, aiul has a wile and soi'S ehilJi-ei. ,^.,yg returnc'I to tlieir homes, from tite lines, and the 

rest are on the road. Tiiey have served out their 
time to the entu-e ajiprobation of their country, and 
received a most honoraiile discharge from Gen. Boyd, 
commanding at Fort Ueor^^-e — each individual has 

" as a rich legacy," he may 
Tlie •« General Order,"' 
&c. shall be inserted liereafier. 

A letter 'o the editor of t!ie Rep-''<itpr. 

dcr the eiTeet of war less i-i^'oroii^ yet, in tiiiotlicv point uf view, 
Hie conviction uf the (hity I owe my countvy wonl'l, i'l tlie ev' lit 
of such g-iievanees as I h:ive ah'eady siatfd iK'iii?,' coiniiuieil, not 
admit of any hisi(;itiun in retaliatory decisions ; but as I am piv- 
stiadi d of the hi,ti;h hherahty of your se'itiin .uts. ;>iiil l!iat tli'- act 
complain dot has uripuaiedcntii-ily with the officei' 'vvho commit- 
ted it, ami that it will l)e asceiisuraljle in your con^il^ laliou as it 
deserves, I rely njiou your taking such steps as will prevent a it 
tmreiiceof londiict So txtremely reprthensibie in every shape. 
I have the lionortohe, i<ic. 

(Signed) JOHN' ROllL SE WARRRN, 

Admbal "ft/u Blue, and 
Conuiianikr in Chief, ire. 
His excellency .Tames Miinroe, Esq. 
Secretary of State. 


Di-I<avtiiitnt of Utalc, OctoU-v 2S, 1312. 

SIR— I have iia;I tliL' !m;ior to receive' your coninnmicaliou of the 
3Cth Septemlier. eouiplaijiing that comniociore Kods; rs cn-i.iuaud- 
jng'a squadron of the l/nited Stat-s' navy at lie- piirt of Hoston, 
had tai.nn tw. he livltish seamen, lately helongiug to!-js Brilanuic 
majesty's ship tlie fiucn'iei-e, from a c M't' I in t'le liarl'or of liostori, 
nrid that he detained them on board the President, afriijate of the 
United St-Jtes, as hostages, 

I am instriictfcd to iulnrm yeu that enquiry shall he made into 
the circumstances attem!liiK'<'udthe causes which producd the act 
of which yon complaii', a::'! llintsuch mcasincs will he taken, m\ a 
jkniiwledg' of them, as iiiaN comport with the rij^hts of both nations, 
and may hpropir ii! the ens ' t(. v.Iiichtliey ri late. 
I i beg you, sir, to lie assured that it is the siuc eve desire of the pre- 
sidiiit to see (and to prnmote so far as drp'nils ujxpn the l-'tiitrd 
States) that th • war w Inch t xists helw -in our countries be coiiduct- 
cd with the utmost rc!;ir I to humanity. 

I have tlie honor to be, &c. 

(.Signed) JAMKS MONROE. 

Sir John Borlase War>'PH, Admiral of tlie Blae, 
Commander in Chief; &c. 

Ji'nshingtdv, Cfccmtjerl'?, 1R12. 

r.TR— I hnve the honor to annex a list of tw- Ive of w of 
tlie late Umtid States' sloO;) of war W.'.sp, iletai;c.d by CHytain 
John Bel'esford, of tlir-Britisli ship Poictifi's, under the pretence of 
their btjin^ British subjects. Ihave thi. honor to h". &c. 

Thehoii. Paul Hamilton, Si cretaryot tlie?>a\y. 
List referred tn in thn piTca/iiii; n 
Joh'n M'Cloud, boatswain, has ■ 

ricil in Norfolk in 1804 or 

John Stephens, boatswain's mate, has been in the ser\ ice 5 or 6 

Gt'orRe M. Read, nuarter-master. has a protection, and lias sailed 

out of N'W-Vui'k and Plhladelpliia. tiir siverd years. 
AVilliam Mitclu II, seani3<i, Jam-s Gotl.n.''U, do.'.Iohn Wri^;ht, do. 

Tliomas I'hilips, do. I' ter John Counm-.ord. seaman |a.lso a testimony which " 
John Rose. do. Creoii^e Uruoks, do. Dermis Doai^hertv, marine, the , ' . h a f>h'M..'r.n 

greater uuuihcr, ilnot all,liad protections at t!i lin'ie o; ■■nlc rlmr i Oecjueaill lO 1113 C.lli;Uv.n 

and lieinp taken. I'wo others were ditained — Jolin AV'ade and 

I'liomas Hntchins ; Init wi-re (riven up, the former on captain 

Jones' assuriufc captain Ihivsh.rd he knew him f> be a native 

citizen: the latter on a like assurapce from Dr. 14 .dijers. 
William Mitchell was in the service during 1805 and 6, in the Me- 

GEORGE S. V.'ISE, purser. 
I'.'aslilngton City, Vccrm'jcr 17, 181.-. 

[To be continued.] 


a pri- 
vate geiitleinaii resi^ling in the ni-ighborhood of Lhi 
pL.ces where the" Haltimore Blues" hrtve been up- 
on duty, sptjaking of tlieir discliarge, has t'le foUo-.r- 
Ing elegant rem:irks — "No company on this frontier' 
Ins tlone more laborious and active dutv than they ; 
and none have discharged that duty with more tul- 
vtiitage to their country and honor to themselves;. 
'I'hc}- have been a practical comment on this etern'tl 
truth, that the citizen and the soldier are compati- 
ble cliuracters." 

"Onr friends in .7'/iflr/m."— This phrase has been 
frequently used in parliament. The British minis- 
terialists calculate as fully upon t'lem as on sub- 
sidized Stoeden. A Montreal \yx^ev of the 23th ulr. 
wishes that the ministers may be impeached Tir their 
jii'-glect of Ctmada,:iw\ says — "Tlie apology that we 
h.ive friends in Jnierica will nut answee. 'i'his va- 




Fill high the cup ; 
" And let the kettle to the triniipt-t spp;ilf) 
" The trumpet to the cannoneer without, 
" I'he caunon to the heavens — tlie heaven to earth," 

Aincririi Htm' I'lrinks tn Frrry ! 

In consequence of tiie most signal victory on lake 
Erie, a full account of which is inserted in the suc- 
ceeding columns, ttie Baltimore re;',iment of artillery 

turned out, and at higli twelve let tiie wide moe.'h'd luable a|)pend;;g'e of the Britisii crown is neglected; 
cannon to "ihelnavens speak" th.e glorious tidings, and a renegado crown prince of Sweden is subsidized 
A grand federal salute was also firetl from the fiirt ; wiili w. nuhtoii, ttnd afterwards witli a pension of 
and the "First ISrarlne artillery of the Union," afier 60,000^ sterling ! tjood God! vvliut ;.,'e we come 
a superb display of their corps, nearly 2.')0 »t to ig, to ■"' 

escoi'iing their 181b. field pieces, reiterated "Free 

One of "his majesty's" deserters at Ha:npton ha-. 

trade and Sailors rii^-lils'" i'rom\.\\e hill near the Ob- returned to Ids father's house, near Saratoga, New 
servatory, about sun-set, making the welkin ring. — JYork, after an absence of more than seven veais. 
In the evening, tiie bells rang a merry peal, and with- 
out concert or jireAinus arrungemetit, the city was 
suddeidy, but splendidly illuminated. All was gra- 

* This list is not received. 

and long since given up as dead, all ojiportitnity of 
making known his ca;aniitous situation being denied. 
The Knrt.pean ..llq-erincs hatl m.iue a slave of him. 

John (il'iningei-, F.^. j. the only representative iri 
congress i''rom Fenmijlvunia, that voied ^.j^'aiiibt tUa 


tax bills, or failed to give cnerijv to the war, has re 

sigTied ; being .i|)poinleil an :iss jciiite jud^"e of Leb;i 
non c.ourit\ . It is coiitiiienilv said that lus place will 
be iilled by ■•> ;^-''ntleinan who will g-lve to lliiii ^reut. 
State an ummimnus vote on all questions for tlie de- 
fence of our rights against the aggressions of the 
barbarian enemy. 

The t'olloiving, says the Boston Chronicle, is from 
RTi autlientic source, communicated in a letter from 
JJafiJa.v, dated the 4th inst. 

"Foi- some time past tlie horizon has been thicken- 
ing' lieie, until the storm has at lenglli burst — 59 out 
of 5U0 troops that ha\e been sent here fi'om Quebec, 
have been selected and sent to England, reported as 
liaving given themselves up as Bi-ilish subjects, 
thou:rn not one of them lias done so. 

• One bun 're I of our seamen have been selected 
from Melville Island, embarked, and sail to day for 

"Sixteen men, ten of the Chesapeake's crew, in 
vhicli is the carpenter and gunner, and six oHicers 
ol" different privateei-s, are sent to t!ie common gaol 
here, and confined in three cells ; six in one, and 
five in each of the oMiers, and not allowed to see 
any one. From tlicir conduct I think it fair to pre- 
sume all exchange is at an end. The oflicci's con- 
fined arc, John Light, lieut. of tlie Juliui-Smith ; 
capt. J. R., o( the E.itcrprize; Wm. Lane, Divid Pei'ry and Tiiomaa Swaine, lieuts. of the 
Wiley Reynard; Jas, Trask, sailing-masier of the 
Revenge. I have written fully to Mr. Miller ; the 
fact is, he h.'is no power, 

"Except your smugglers, no Americans are per- 
jnitied to reside in Halifax, norl believe visit ii" 

A report [irevailed at JMiIledg-eviUe, Geo. on the 
26th ult.. that ihe Spimiards had demanded the re- 
possession of Mobile, and the territyi-y of the 
J'crdiilo. And certain accounts had been received 
that the C>Y\"ts had obtained ai'ius and ammunition 
from Pensacda. It was understood they v/ere fjr- 
t filing theinselvi. s on ^\t. Alubuma. 

A London paper of June 28, says — "A great sen- 
sation contiiuits to jirevail in tiie commercial world, 
in consequenct/ of the repealed advices of the atula- 
citv of the American privateers on the Irish coa^t." 

We are on tin-toe for news from all the armies. 
We look for a flood of gbd tidings. Every thing 
seems well. 

Vv'e notice the arrival of several bodies of troops 
at linvliuiftun since cur last. 

Cid. JJai-si'er^s regiment, taken at the Beaver 
d.ims, have arrived at h'alifii.r. 

A detachment oi' 140 reci-uits left Winchester, Va. 
on tlie 14th instant, f(>r the Canada frontier. 

It is st.iled that martial-law is established at 
Sackelt's Harbor, .iiid that every person who visits 
that place, u coinjielled to submit to the obligation 
of a soleniu onVU not to divulge any thing that niav 
come under ids observation relative to military af- 


Extract of a letter, dttpd Creek .tgency, '27th 
fluiu, loio. — " The civil war among the Creeks has 
raged witii great fury. Tlie f.uvitics have destrojed 
Tiiekabichec, tlie chiefs and tiie inhabitants having 
jireviousl)- left it, vmdcr an escort of warriors from 
Cusseta and Cowetaw, and moved do" ii to Cowetuw. 
Since then they have destroyed Kialijee and several 
of its inhabitants, and more than thirty ha^e been 
killed on botli sides. Auheecoochee behaved with 
consummate bravery. A party under a prophet kil- 
led tour of their chiefs — the warriors killed him and 
his party, and Hearing that Oackfuskaachee sided 

■ with the prophets, they turned on them and cut tlie 

■ 'whole off. 
" It is now reduced to a certainty from the con- 
current testimony of a number of respectable In- 
dians, that this civil war origin.ated with the British 
in C.inula, and as soon as the chiefs friendly to the 
plan of civilization and their adherents .ire murdered 
or put to flight, the fanatics will attack our frontier 
settlements without delay. Tiie friendly Indians of 
tlie Upper towns are flying to Chattahochee, where 
they will meet the aid of a military forte. Some re- 
gnlur troops have arrived at Fort Hawkins, and the 
lequisite military supplies are coming on. 

" The governor of Georgia h.aving rereived * au» 
thentic infm-mation of a meditated att .ck,' ins au- 
ihori y to call the state's quota of the detachment of 
militia in the service of the United Sli.tes, and has 
the requisite jjower to co-opei-ate with tlie friendly 
chiefs without delay and with effect. 

'• The citizens in the forks of Alabama, and their 
neighbors the half breeds, must put themselves into 
the best situation they can to resist an attack fVom 


Capt. Lawhesce. — The Bristol (England) JiUrror 
says — "We understand from very good authority, 
that the late captain Lawkexci:, of tiie Air.erican 
frigate Chertupeake, wiis a native of Brih'ol, and 
educatetl at Colston charity school in this city. He 
had a ) ounger broiher, and both we.e for some time 
in the navy ; but beir.g disajjpointed in their hopes 
of promotion, they went to .Imerica, where they 
shortly after obtained the command of gun-boats, 
t"\-om which captain Lawhexce transferred to 
the Hornet, and afterwards to the Chenttpeake." 

Com. liodirei's:, the EngUshmen have it, is the son 
of an Scotch baker ! — I'oor stupid Joh7i Bidl. 

A late Halifax paper says — "An American brig 
from Antigua, with 147 puncheons molasses, has 
arrived at Yarmouth, prize to the privateer Fly." — 
What business had an American brig at Antigua — 
how did she enter and clear at that port .'' 

Tiie London ])apers continue to state tliat com. 
Rodgers has been on the coast of Norway. 

"yankee trick." — A schr. belonging to Penobscot 
river, from Salem, lately captured by the English 
jirivateer schr. Dart, off Blount Desert, and who 
I) id all her hands taken out, except one young man 
18 years of age, after having two others from the 
privateer put on boai-d, was ordered for Halifax. — 
Tiie young man had the pilottingof the vessel, and 
put into Machias harbor in a fog, where she was 
taken possession of bj- the revenue boat. 

It is stated that an American privateer was fitting 
out at J\'aples, about the middle of April. 

It is the "I'oung True Blooded Yankee" that was 
taken by the British — The Old True Blooded Yan-_ 
kee is going on in the old way. 

An American privateer ship, of 22 guns, was fit- 
ling out at Merseilles in July. 

Capt. frraham late of the Lauristinns has been ap- 
pointed to the command of the Chesapeake. 

The Essex fiiioate. — London, .''tdi/ 14 — The fol- 
lowing is an extract of a letter from Buenos Arjres, 
dated April 8 :— 

"The American frigate Esse.r is in Valjtariso, 
where she arrived the 18th of March last, after a 
passage of 35 days from the island of Sebastians, 
near Hio .Janeiro. She is armed with 45 guns, and 
420 ]5icked men, and in other respects sbe is ex- 
ceedingb well founJ. It is certain that Potn.sett, 
the American consul there, wrote to his government 
for a vessel of this description. There were illumi- 
natinus and balls on account of her arrival." 

The bodies o^Latarence and Ludlow were int$rre 



wilh great pomp and ceremo'iy at J\'e7B 'fork on tlie 
IGih iost. The pv'jceision has no parallel for ilie 
n!\ml)ar that attended it, in the United States ; and 
the spectators were cstimAted iX 30,000. Bisliop 
H')bj!-t consigned the bodies to the e:irtb. A due 
accoiin': of ttie pioccedings sh-Ali be rc-cc rded. 

li 13 v.:eLl to remember th.-it the bodki of those 
sailors \ici-<.. bio'.ight to Kew York hy land, tlie 
*'m.i;^i»anirn ous English" hi^ving refused a passage 
for tiiem \>y luater. And we are assured, fjoni u 
source M-ntlih.-d to our confidence, that the rjhole ex- 
police ot llie funeral al ilalifax, on wiiicb. wi; nave 
b r"i told so luui.h to the- credit of the eneini), was 
dffr.'ved by \\v: U. S.^ffen:, Mr. Mitchell, a?u/c/ja)-^- 
«d !0 tlw iroveni^ncnt uf tlie United 'itciies. 

Fioiu tliC J>- .0 the 10tl> of Sept. several naval 
©fiicers and ;ib;/!i.. 2J0 3<;. men ari'ived at Bitrlington. 

The prize scuov^rei General Horseford, h.ts been 
purcliascd at S.iV .inah, by the United States, for 
6,95U'i*. Sill' 1?. n tXceiV-nt vessel. 

Ca.t. Biu-kk's CiiAi^K'^sK. — The following' is from 
the KssEX Rkmstkh. We believe it may be depend- 
ed u;^3n as niiiv.nely correct : 

"Tiie letter from cjpt. Buoke [see Wkf-kly Rr;r,is- 
TEit, page 2'J] to cupt. IjAwrnENCK, invitlnt;- hiin to 
meet the Shannon, is g'iven below. Notwithstand- 
ing- tii3 app iisntly liberal terms on which capt. B. 
proposed m this letter to me^t the Chesapeake, and 
the prusa which h;iv"e consequently been besLowed 
on iii'ti, we con jidcr it nothinjj more than a gi'oss de- 
ceptuiii. C-pt. Sloclx, of "Jus town, wiio was the 
b'-arer of this ch.uleng'e ii'Oin tlie ^Shannon on the 
di:> ot the action, (inviujr been a prisoner onboard 
her) states, tiutt c.jjt. Buokk himself told him, at 
9 o'^looli on tne morning of that day, that the Che- 
eupeake hid iired a gnu and loosed her sails, and 
V/as coui.iig oul. At 12 o'ci yfk, capt. Broke told 
ciui. Slocum, that he niiglit go on shoi-e, and le- 
qnesi-ed hun to take a letter to the commander of 
tlie Chesapeake. It was nearly 1 o'clock when he 
left the iti'p, and the Chesapeake was in sight under 
full sail sta'idiMg out to meet tiie Siiannon ! Instead 
of sendiiig capt. S locum as a flag of truce as he 
might have done uii-ectly to capl.LAWRi,NCE, he di- 
i-eoLed the boat to put him ashore at JViurhleliead, 
from which place Buoke knew that the challenge 
could not get to Boston in time to be seen by capt. 


The Chesapeake and SttAysoN. — The captin-e of 
the Chesapeake has e.vcited tiie most extravagant 
joy in Great Jiritaiu. Some of the cities have been 
illum'uated — the tower guns fired — the freedom of 
the city of London, with a sword of the value of luO 
guineas, was voted to captain Broke — many large 
speeches were made in parliament ubout it, and the 
splendor of this deed, (the capture of mn American 
frigate by a British vessel of the same force, and un- 
der very peculiar advantages !) seems to have obliter- 
ated the glory of the battles of the JVile or Truf(d- 
ffar. As usual, John Bull is gulled by the most out- 
rageous falshoods — but the late Boxing match with 
the Enterprize w.U give him a little insight into the 
real merits of the matter. 

Mr. Croker, principal secretary to the lords of the 
admiralty, in his place in tlie house of commons, 
among other remarks, said — "The action with the 
(Chesapeake, was, in every respect, unexampled. — 
It was not, — and he knew it was a bold as.sertion 
which he made, — to be equalled by any engagement 
which graced the naval annals of G.Britain. The 
enemy's ship was superior in size, superior in weight 
of metal, superior in numbers. She entered into 
the contest with a confidence of victory resulting 
from that conviction. He was warranted in saying 
that the victory was accomplished ia less than 1;^ 

minutes, of which only three minutes were occu- 
pied in boarding, when 310 British seamen had to 
contend with 440 of the enemy-" 

This is somewliat different for the talk of that 
gentleman antl his friends some little time ago, about 
our "fir-built frigates, manned by bastards and out- 

The British official account of tlie action inserted 
in page 30, was a translation from a French paper — 
the following is from the London Gazette. What a 
pity is it, that with so much vaporing and swagger- 
ing, and a disregard to truth, in some es.scntial par- 
ticulars, capt- B)oke has sullied his claims to glory 
for having captured the first, and yet only American 
frigate. He has neither told the truth, nor the 
whole truth, though he has said much that is not 
the truth : Office, July 10. 
Copt/ of a letter from the hon. captain Capel, of H. 

J\I. sliip J. a Jlogne, to John Milson Croker, Esq. 

dated HuUfur, June 11, 1813- 

Sill — It is with the greatest pleasure I transmit 
you a letter I have just received from capt. Broke, 
of his m.ijesty's ship Shannon, detailing a most bril- 
liant acliicvt-ment in the capture of the U. States' 
frigate Chesapeake, in 15 minutes. Captain Broke 
relates so fully the particulars of this gallant affair, 
that I feel it unnecessary to add much to his narra- 
tive ; but J cannot forbear expressing the pleasure 
I feel in bearing testimony to the indefatigable exer- 
tions and persevering zeal of capt. Broke during 
the time he has been under my orders ; placing a 
firm reliance on th^; valor of his officers and crew, 
and a just confidence in his system of discipline, he 
sought every opportunity of meeting the enemy on 
fair terms ; and I have to rejoice with his country 
and his friends, at the glorious result of this con- : he gallantly headed his boarders in the assault, 
and carried all before him. His wounds are severe, 
but I ti-ust his country will not long be deprived of 
his services. I have the honor to be, &.c. 

Capt. and senior officer at Halifax. 
Shannov, Halifax, June 6, 1813. 

Sir — I have the honor to inform you, that bein^ 
close in with Boston light house in his majesty's 
siiip under my commaiui, on the 1st inst. I had the 
pleasure of seeing that the United States frigate 
Chesapeake (whom we had been long watching) was 
coming out of the harbor to engage the Shannon ; I 
took a position between Cape Ann and Cape Cod, and 
then hove to for him to join us;. the enemy came 
down in a very handsome manner, having three Ame- 
rican ensigns flying ; when closing with us he sent 
down his royal yards, I kept the Shannon's up, ex- 
pecting the breeze would die away. At h;ilf past 
5 P. M. the enemy hauled up within hail of us on 
the starboard side, and the battle began, both ships 
steering under the topsails ; after exchanging be- 
tween two and three broadsides, the enenu's ship 
fell on board of us, her mizen channels locking in 
with our fore rigging. I went forward to ascertain 
her position, and observing that the enemy were 
flinching from their guns, I gave orders to prepare 
for boarding. Our gallant band, appointed to that 
service, immediately rushed in, under their respec- 
tive ofhcers, upon the enem}'s dei^ks, driving every 
thing before them with irresistible fury. The enemy 
made a desperate but disorderly resistance. The 
firing continued at all the gang ways and between 
the tops, but in two minutes time the enemy were 
driven sword in liand from every post Tlie Ame- 
rican flag was hauled down, and the proud old Bri- 
tish union floated triumphant over it. In another 
minute they ceased firing from below, and called for 


quarter. The whole of this service was achievetl in 
fifteen miniUes from the commencement of the 

I liave to Lament the loss of man}' of my gallant 
sliipmates, but they fell exulting in their conquest. 

My brave first lieut. Mr. Watt, v/as slain in ihe 
moment of victory, in the act of hoisting the Bri- 
tisli colors ; his deaili is a severe loss to tiie service. 
iVIr. Aldham, the purser, who had spiritedly volun- 
teered the cinirge of a party of siTiall arm men, 
was killed at his post on the gangway. My faith- 
ful old clerk, Mr. Dunn, was siiot by Iiis side. IMr. 
Aldham has left a widow to lament his Ibss. I re- 
quest the commander in chief will rectimmend iier 
to t!ie protection of my lords commissioners of tlie 
admiralty. My veteran boutswyin, Mr. Stephens, 
has lost an arm. He f mght under lord Ttodu'iy on 
the 12th of April. I trust his age and services will 
be duly rewarded. 

I am happy to say that Mr. Samwell, a midship- 
man of much merit, is the only other officer wound- 
ed besides myself and he not dangerously. Of my 
gallant seamen and marines we had twenty-three 
slain and fiftv-six wounded. I subjoin the names of 
the former. No expressions I can mrdce use of can 
do justice to the merits of my officers and crew; 
the calm com-age they displayed during the cannon- 
ade, and the tremendous precision of their lire, was 
only equalled by tlie ardor With which tlicy rushed 
to the assault. I recommend them all warmly to the 
commander in chief. Having received a sabre wound 
at the first onset, whilst charging a pari of the ene- 
my who had rallied upon tlieir foi-ecastle, I was only 
capaljle of giving command till assured our victory 
Wis complete. J then directed my second lieut. Mr. 
Wallis to take command of the Shannon and secure 
the prisoners. I left the tiiird lieut. 2Mr. F.ilkner 
(wlio had headed the main deck boarders) in chr.rge 
of the prize. I beg to recommend thicse officers 
jTjnst strongly to the commander in cliicf's patronage, 
for the gallantry tliey displayed during the action, 
and the skill and jiidgmer.t. they evinctd in tlie anx- 
ious duties wliich afterwards devolveil upon them. 

To MivEtoucIi the acting master, I am nuirli in- 
«iel)led, for the steadiness in Mhicli iie conn'd t!i? 
ship into action. Tiie lieuten uits Johns and Law, 
of the marines bravely boarded at the head of their 
respective divisions. It is impossible to particular- 
ize every briHian,t dt;ed perfoanned by my officers and 
men ; but I must mention, when the shlixs' yard 
aians were locked together, that Mr. (Josnahani, wlio 
cotnmanded in our main top, finding himself screen- 
ed from the enemy by the foot of their topsail, laid 
out at the main yard arm to fire upon them, and 
shot three men in that situatio!i. Mr. Smith, wlio 
commanded in our fore top, stormed the enemy's 
fore top from the fore 3'ardarm, and dssiroucda/l t/ie 
Americans remainincf in it. 1 particularly beg leave 
to recommend Mr. Etonch, the' acting master, .ind 
^lessrs. Smith, l^eake, Clavering, R lymond and Lit- 
tlejoh"., midshipmen. The latter officer is tiie son 
of capt. Littk'jolm, wlio was slain in the Berwick. — 
The loss of the enemy was about 70 killed, and 100 
wounded. Among tiie former were the four lieu- 
tenants, a lieutenant of marines, the muster, and 
rran}- other officers. Captain La^vrence is since dead 
of his wounds. 

The enemy came into action with a complement 
of f )nr hundi'ed :ind forty men ; tlie Shannon having 
picked up some recaptured seamen, had three hun- 
dred and thirty. The Chesapeake is a fine frigate, 
and mounts forty-nine guns, eighteens on her main 
eleck, two and ttiirties on her quarter deck and fore- 
castle, liothsliipa come out of action, in the most 

beautiful order, their rigging appearing as perfect 
as if they had only been exchanging a s: Jute. 
I have die honor to be, &c. 
(Signed) P. B. V. BROKE. 

To cajjtain the hon. T Bladen Cupel, &c. Halifax. 
List of killed on board of his majesty'' s ship Sluinnort 

G. T. L. Watt, first lieutenant, G. Aldham, pur- 
ser ; John Dunn, captain's clerk. 

Seamen. — G. Gilbert, William Berilles, Noil Gil- 
cherist, Tiiomas Seiby, James Long, Jolm Young, 
.'ames Wallace, Joseph .Brown, Thomas Barr, -Mi- 
chael Murphy, Thomas Jones, Joint O'Connclly and 
Thomas Barry, ( cli.*) boy. 

Mari)tc,i. — Samuel M,;l,i-d, corporal ; Jas. Jayms, 
Dominique Sader and William Young, ptivates. 

Suptniumeraries. — Wuiiimi Morrisay, John Mo- 
riarry and Tiiomas German. 

Thk ENTEnriuzK a;<d Boxer. — A public dinner 
his been given by t!ie people of Portland, to lieut. 
M'Calland the officcr.s of the Enterpnze, for their 
gallant conduct in beating tlie Bo.rer. A Jiost'jn pa- 
per sa}s, thatcapt. Goi-dyn, of the Rattler, had sent 
a fia!' of truce into J'ortland requesting an excliange 
of the officers and crew of the Boxer ; and if that 
were refused to obtain an official account of the 
action. Tiie first request could not be complied 
with ; but capt. G. migiit be indulged with the last, 

A (Aai), — Ci'pt. HULL, with the officers and crew 
of the U. S. brig EiiierprJze, are deeply impressed 
with the readiness and alacrity with which the inha- 
bitants of Portland, in tlieir'civil and military de- 
partments, assembled to do tionor to the memory of 
I lie brave lieut. William Branows, late 
der of the Eii'eri)rize, who tell in the gall mt .action 
vvivii H. B. .M. brig Boxer, which she captured and 
bi-oughl into this port; and beg they will receive 
their grateful acknowledgments for their very hand- 
some tribute of respect exhibited in their atten- 
dance on the funeral of t.hat brave officer, as well 
as that of his gallant comnetitor, captain SA:tfCEi, 
Bli'tii, late commander of the Boxer, who fell in 
jthe same action, and to whom equal honors were 
paid in every respect, in their funei-al obsequies, ex- 
hibiting to ihe world an evidence of that character 
which the Americans aie proud to possess, of shew- 
ing every tribute of respect to a brave enemy who 
has fallen in combat, and of extending to those in 
their power eveiy m.irk of liberality and comfort 
consistent witii their situation as prisoners. 

Capt. HuLT., with the officers and crew of the En- 
terprize, embrace the present occassion to express 
the sense which they entertain of the i>i-ompt atten- 
tion and of the active and humane exertions of Sam'l 
Storer, E.jq. tlie U. S. navy agent at PorUand, in 
having every accommodation provided for the 
wotmded on board the U. S. brig Enterprize, as well 
as those on board the Boxer, between uhom no dis- 
tinction was made. And they likewise beg the Phy- 
sicians of Portland who have been so kind as to af- 
ford the most prompt and ample exercise of their 
professions towards the wounded of both vessels, to 
accept their best thanks. 

tlxtract of a letter from com. J[\dl In com. Uainbridge, 
dated the lUihiiist. 

"I yesterday visited the two brigs and was asto- 
nished to see the (lifference of injury sustained in 
the action. The Enterprize has but one 18 pound 
shot in her hull, one in her mainmast, and one in 
her foremast; her sails are much cut with grape 
shot and there are a great mmiber of grape lodged 
in her sides, but no injury done by them. The Box- 
er has eighteen or twenty IH pound shot inheriiull, 
most of them at the water's edge — several stands of 
18 pound grape stick in her side, and sucli a quan- 
tity of small grape that I did not undertake to count 



vhein. Hev masts, sails and spars are literally cut 
to pieces, several of her guns dismounted and uulit 
for service ; her top gallant forecastle neyly take:. 
off by ihe shot, her boats cut to pieces, and her 
quarters injured in proportion, To give you an idea 
ol" tite qiKuitily of sisot about her, I inlorm you tiiat 
I counted in her mainmast alone three 18 pound sb.ot 
holes, 18 large grape shot holes, 16 musket ball 
holes, and a large number of smaller siiot holes, ^vith- 
out counting above tlie cat harpins. 

"We find It impossible to get at the number kill- 
fid ; no papers are foun-:! by whicii we can ascertain 
jt — I, l)o\vover, counted upwards of 90 hammocks 
wliich were in her netting with beds in them, be- 
sides several beds without lianmiocks ; and she has 
excellent accommodations for all lier officers below 
in staterooms, so that I have no doubt that she had 
one hundred men on board. He kiwiv that she has 
icveralof the Rattler'' s men on board, and a quant it} 
of w.ids was taken out of the Rattler, loaded with 
four l.u-ge grape shot with a small hole in tlie centre 
to put in a cartridge that tlie inside of the wad may 
take hre when it leaves tlie gun. In short, she is in 
everj. respect completely fitted and her accommoda- 
tions exceed any thing L have seen in a vessel of her 

lleinarks. — There have been various opinions re- 
specting tlie relitive force of the vessels, and some 
Uiigenerous atienij)ls have been made to diminish 
tiie splendor o" ihe victory. The foregoing extracts, 
we conceive irrefragably settle tiie question of force 
and of skill. It appears that in numl)erof menths 
enemy were equal ; in immVier of guns it was well 
known the enemy were superior ; and the vast dii*- 
lisrence of execution confirms (if confirniance were 
wanted.! the fact of the higli degree of superiority 
of our seamen in the art of gunnery. And, above 
all otiier considerations, it proves that Americim tars 
Hie determined to support their government, in a 
j ust war waged in defence of 

"fiu.e TitATis AXD sailors' kihuts." 

From what Aas been said in the "well inclined" pa- 
pers at Boston, the following may appear — " There 
was only htdf a man killed on l)oard his majesty's 
brig Uoxer, and three-quarters of two men wound- 
ed. £Ier whole crew consisted of seven men ; two 
had been sent off in three prizes and two were 
on sliore, so that the whole number in the action was 
four persons. The tonnage of the Uoxer is 5 tons 
and one quarter. All this is from a gentleman of 
great resjtectabi.lity, and will be confirmed by the 
[British] official account." 

Capt. Gordono^X]vi Rattler, was exceeding^ly anx- 
iovis to get back tiie men that he had sent for the 
boxing mvi\.<:S\ ; but Burrn-ius\vjA impressed XXxcvci. — 
TJiey will however be "given up" speedily. 


Xj'On Monday last, the British sloop o' war Rat- 
tler, with two other armed vessels, of smaller 
size, appeared ofir'our port, and tlie Rattler stood 
in near to tlie land, with a wliite fl:'.g at her fore- 
top gallant-mast Soon after, a boat from 
her, bearing a white flag, with a lieutenant pro- 
ceeded to Fort Scammel, and presented the fol- 
lowing note fnmi captain Gordon to col. Learned. 
Tliis, with tiie colonel's reply and tlie letter of the 
marshal, we have solicited for publication, that 
the public may judge of the motive. 

//. B. St. ship Rattler, of Portland, 

loth' Sept ember, 1813. 
Sin — Having during the time that 1 huxe. been on 
this station, released and sent into I'ortland, many 
American subjects, made prisoners by his majesty's 
ship under my command ; and having reh^ased on 
parole the captain, oTicers and crew of the armed 

ship Alexander, taken on your coast in May last, I 
have been induced to send in a flag of true, in the 
hope that the surviving officers and crew of his ma- 
jesty's late gun brig Boxer, may be sent out to me, 
eiUier in exchange for the captain and crew of the 
Alexander, whose parole I have sent in by the officer 
m charge of tiiis letter, or in exc-liaiige for the same 
number of officers and men of tJie late U. S. frigate 
Chesapeake, which shall be regularly ratified by the 
proper authorities, on the admiral at Halifax receiv- 
ing the intelligence. Sliould this request not Be 
complied with, motives of humanity to tlie friends 
of the survivors, will, 1 trust, induce you to suffer 
tiie bearer to have communication with the late 
ofRcers of the Boxer, in order to ascertain the names 
of those who have fallen in this unequal* conflict, 

I have the honor to be, sir, vour obedient humble 
servant, ALEXANDER GORDON, Capt. 

The commandani (f tlte garrison 
at Portland. 

Fort Scajnmel, 13th Sept. 1812- 
Sin — 1 have i-eceived your communication by the 
officer bearing your flag. In answer, I can only ob- 
serve, that I liave no autliority vested in me to treat 
upon an exchange of prisoners, the sole power of 
which is vested in the commissary g^eneral of pri- 
soners of war at Washington. The men taken in 
his majesty's brig Boxer, have been sent to Boston, 
except the wounded, who are attended by their own 
physician, under the direction of their own officers, 
and you may rest assured that every thing wUl bfe 
furnished them tiiat can contribute to their comfort. 
The politeness and hunuinity witli which capt. Gor- 
don has treated those, whom the fortune of war has 
thrown into his power, 1 trust will be remembered 

* It is impossible that the British, at once, should 
get down from the pinnacle of pride they had erect- 
ed for themselves, by their deeds on the ocean. Their 
liigh renown has been tibtained by combating French- 
men and Spaniards ; who, whatever may be their 
Worth on tiie land, want a certain indescribable some- 
thing, with a great deal of experience in the ma- 
nagement of ships, to qualify them to contend with 
the Leviathan of the sea, on the element he claims 
as his own. In every contact with any thing like an 
equality of force, whether in public or private arm- 
ed vessels, we liave beat the Englishmen, the "affiiir 
of the Chesapeake" only excepted, which we attri- 
bute to a chain of untoward events, that valor 
could not foresee or guard against ! Perry s glo- 
rious victory, (God bless iiim and all that were v ilk 
!iim !) vastly stl-engthens the idea here entertained. 
We regret that captain Gordon, of the Rattler, lias 
as mean views as the " well inclined" printers at 
Boston, to underrate this sjilendid achievement ; for 
he appears, in many respects, to be a worthy m:in. 
It is distinctly stated by a gentleman who was on 
board the Nymph frigate, that he understood from 
captain Epsworth, of that ship, tliat tiie Boxer was 
fitted out at Halifax, for the express purpose of 
meeting the Enterprize, \.o settle the affiiir "as to 
superiority." This was sometime before the battle. 
Th.e pitiful conduct of the lieutenant of the Java, 
has been recorded in its pro]ior colours, (i)r attempt- 
ing to reduce the quantity of the force of that ship, 
(see WKKKLr Regibtku, vol. IV, page 275.) — and in 
the present case, the British would have us believe 
they had only sixty-six men, though sixty-four have 
been brought in as prisoners, and six thrown over- 
board, dead, hy our own people, after they had pos- 
session of the prize. See cajitain /fairs ]>iiier, in- 
serted above. The vessels speak for themselves — 
the timber and guns will not lie ; and tiie statement 
made ;r our last is amply confirmed. Ed. Reg. 


■with respect for his character, even by those whom 
war has made his enemies ; and 1 reg-ret tiiat my du- 
ty will totally forbid a compliance witii his reijuest 
for an interview with tlie officers of the Boxer. 

I have the honor to l)e, sir, vour obedient sei-vant. 
J. U. LEARNED, Col. Com'dt. 
AJfXajuler Gordon, Eb-q. 

Capt. H. B. M. nhip Rattler. 

Fort Scammel, Sept. 13, 1813, 
SiH — Col Learned havincj commanicated your let- 
ter of this day to me, I have the honor to state to you 
that no power is vested in me to exciiange jjrisoners 
of war, or to parole them without the country — The 
officers of the Boxer who survived the action, are 
parolled, and treated as gentlemen and brave men, 
who contended with coni-age in a very equal contest 
for victory and glory. — The woimded are in the same 
hospital with the wounded of the Enterprize, and as 
well treated. Captain Blyth's body was buried with 
the same honors as the bofiy of captain Burrows, and 
the remains of the two brave men lay near each otlier. 
Your prisoners are treated with liumanity, and my 
personal attention to them will be given to make 
them comfortable. I witnessed the handsome treat- 
ment of captain Gordon to the officers of the Alex- 
ander. I am proud to say his reputation stands high 
as a humane officer, and regret that tl)ose officers 
whom the fate of war has made prisoners, cannot be 
permittedto communicate with the flag this evening. 
I have the honor to be, sir, vour obedient servimt. 
T. G. TMOUNTdti, Marshal of Maine. 
Alexander Gordon, Esq. 

Capt. //. £. M. ship Rattler. 

Copv nf a letter from Tsaac Hull, E»q. commanding 

J^'aval Officer on the station East of Portsmouth. 
U. S. Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 

14tii September, 1813. 

Sin — T have the honor to forward you, by the 
mail, tlie flags of the late British brig Boxer, which 
were nailed to her mast-heads at tlie time slie en- 
g-aged, and was captured by the United States brig 

Great as the pleasure is I derive from per- 
forming this part of my duty, I need not tell you 
how different my feelings would have been, could 
the gallant Burrows have had this lionor ! 

He vent into action most gallantly, and the dif- 
ference of injury done the two vessels proves how 
nobly he fought. 

J have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, 
3'our obedient servant, l.SAAC HULL. 

Hon. Wm. Joxf.s, Sec'ry of the Navy. 

Copy of a letter from Thos. Mcvcdnnough, Esq. com- 
manding the United States nacal forces on Lake 

United States' Sloop President, 
near Plattsburg, Sept. 9, 1813. 
Sit? — I li.ive the honor to inform you that I arrived 
here yester.lay from near the lines, having sailed 
from Iiurlington on the 6th inst. with an intention 
to fall in with tlie enemy, who were then near thlb 
place ; having proceeded to within a short distance 
of tlie lines, I received information that they were at 
aiiciior tliere : soon after, they weighed and stood 
to the northward out of the lake — thus, if not ac- 
knowledging our ascendancy on the lake, evincing 
an unwillingness (altliough they had the advantage 
ef situation, owing to the narrowness of the chan- 
nel in which their guUeys could work, when we 
should want room) to determine it. 
I have the honor to be, &c. 

HoTi. IV. Jones, Sec'ry of the JS:'avij. 

Extract of a letter from lieitt. Deacon, late coniman," 
der of the sch: Gro-n^ler. 

"On the night of the 10th of A\igust, both fleets 
were in sight of each other; the order of battle 
was formed and my station was ahead of the Gene- 
ral Pike to windward. 

"At 10 o'clock the British fleet bore down, and a 
general action was expected. At 11 o'clock our 
schooners commenced a hre with their long guns.— - 
At tills time the enemy's fleet had a fresh breeze, 
wldcli enabled them to come down very rapidly ; 
they being to windward, it appeared to be sir James 
Yoe's intention to run down to engage our commo- 
dore, but on our fleet keeping away lie hauled ids 
wind and cut us off. In this situation I had the 
whole of the enemy's fleet to contend with, and only 
the assistance of the Julia, a schooner of about the 
size of the Growler. We held out for some time, 
doing all we coidd to make our escape, but our fleet 
still keeping away, and no assistance at hand, we 
being then under the guns of two of the ene- 
my's largest shljjs, we were under tlie unpleasant 
necessity of surremlerlng to so superior a force. — 
My lo3s was one man killed, the Growler was much 
cut in her rigging and spars — Should any thing be 
said In public, prejudicial to my character or con- 
duct as an officer, you m?y contradict it without 
fe:u', as It will soon be in my power to clear up that 
point, to the satisfaction of every body. 

"Tlie moment I am exchanged, which will per- 
haps be soon, I will send you a detailed account of 
all our proceedings, since I have been on the lakes. 
My he^dth Is tolerably good, except the fatigue oc- 
casioned by a long journey, being now on my way 
from York to Quebec (a distance of 600 miles) 
where all American prisoners are sent. 

"As this letter will come open, you will not find 
it very interesting. You will not forget to reeollect, 
when you write to me, that all letters are opened 
before I can receive them." 

We have most gk)rious news. Thanks be to God 
for this splendid victory that has relieved a very ex- 
posed and extensive frontier from the allied bayonet 
and scalplng-knife, and of those who, in the Ian- 
guage of the London paper, [see page 16] swelled 
"tlie British shout of victory with the yell of the 
India?! war whoop." It is a victory of its own kind, 
unrivalled — unlmagined, and leading to consequen- 
ces of tile highest importance. But Commodore 

Pkrhy holds an able pen ! Who will not feel 

for the biave spirits of the Laiorence ? But the de- 
p.arted hero had said, ^'JJon't give up the ship .'" and 
the Lawrknce was held beyond all that could have 
lieen expected of heroes. 

Copy of a letter from commodore Perry to the Secre- 
tary of the A'avi/. 
V, S. blip NiagHra. off the Western Sister, of Lake Erie, Scpteinlier 10, 1813, 4 P. M. 

Sm — It has pleased the Almighty to give to the 
arms of tlie United Slates a signal victory over their 
enemies on tliis lake. The British squadron con- 
sisting of two siilps, two brigs, one schooner and one 
sloop, have this moment surrendered to the force un- 
der my command, after a sharp conflict. 
1 have the honor to be, sir, 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

The hon. Wm. Jones, 

Secretary of the jVavy, 

U. S. brig Niai^ai-a, off the Western Sister. 
Head of Lake Erie, September 10th, 1813, 4. P. M, 

Dkah Genehal— We have met the enemy ; -'nd 
they are ours. Two ships, two brigs, one schooner 
and one sloop. Yours with great respect and esteem, 




September lUh, 1812. 
DtiAR 9iB— We have a gi-eat number of prisoners, 
\?hich I wish to land : will you be so good as to or- 
tier a i»uard to receive tliem ; and inform me tlie 
place ?' Considerable numbers have been killed and 
wounded on botli sides. From the best information, 
we have more prisoners than we have men on board 
our vessels. In jrreat haste, yours very truly, 


General Harrison. 

Coi^ of a letter from commodore Perry to the Secre- 
tary of the JKavy. 

U. S. schooner Ariel, 

Put-in-Bay, 13th September, 1813 

ing master Taylor, were of great assistance to me^ 
I have great pain in stating to you the death of heut. 
Brook of the marines, and midshipman Laub, both 
of the Lawrence, and midshipman John Clarke of 
the Scorpion : they were valuable and promising 
officers. Mr. Hanibleton, purser, who volunteeitd 
his services on deck, was severely wounded late in 
the action. Midshipman Claxton and Swartwout ot* 
the Lu\u-ence, were severely wounded. On board 
of the Niagara, lieut. Smith and Edwards, and 
midshipman Webster (doing duty as sailing master) 
behaved in a very handsome mannei'. Captain Bre- 
voort of the army, who Kcted as a volunteer in the 
capacity of a marine officer, on board that vessel, is 
an excellent and brave otTicer, and with his musket- 

Sin — In my last I informed you that we had cap- K-y Jifl great execution. Lieut. Turner, command- 
tured the enemy's fleet on this lake. I have now theL,g the Caledonia, brought that vessel into action 
bonor io give you the most important particulars ot|in the most abie manner, and is an officer that in all 
the aciion. On the morning of the lOlh inst. at sun | situations may be relied on. The Ariel, lieut. Pack- 
rise, they were discovered from Put-inBiy, when Ijet, and Scorpion, sailing master Champlin, were 
lay atanciior with the squadron under my command, enabled to get early into action, and were of great 

We got under weigh, the wind light at S. W. and 
stood for him. At 10 A. M. the wind hauled to S. 
E. and brought us to windward : formed the line anri 
bore up. At 15 minutes before 12,. the enemy com- 
menced firing 4 at 5, minutes before 12 the action 
commenced on our part. Finding tlteir fire very 
destructive, owing to their long guns, and its being 
Hiostlv di-rected at the Lawrence, I made sail and 
directed the other vessels to follow for the purpose 
of closing with the enemy. Every brace and bow 
line bemg soon shot away she became unmanageable, 
notwithstanding the great exertions of the sailing 
master. In this situation she sustained tlie action 
upwards of two hours within cannister distance, 
until every gun was rendei-ed useless, and the great- 
er part of her crew either killed or wounded. Find- 
ing she could no longer annoy the enemy, I left her 
in charge of lieutenant Yarnall, who, I was eonviiic- 
ed from the bravery already displayed by him, 
would do what would comport with the honor of the 
Hag. At past two, the wind springing up, captain 
Elliot was enabled to bring his vessel, the Ni.igara, 
gallantly into close action ; I immediately went on 
board of her, when he anticipated my wish by vo- 
lunteering to bring the schooners which had been 
kept astern by the^lightiiess of the wind, into close 
action. It was with" unspeakable pain that I saw, 
soon after I got on board tlie Niagara, the flag of the 
Lawrence come down, although I was perfectly sen- 
sible tliat she had baen defended to the last, and 
that to have continued to make a shew of resistance 
would have been a wanton sacrifice of the remains 
of her brave crew. But the enemy was not able to 
take possession of her, and circumstances soon per- 
mitted her flag again to be hoisted. At 45 minutes 
past two the siga.d was made for " close action." — 
The Niagara bi-ing very little injured, I determined 
to- pass through the enemy's line, bore ivp and passed 
ahead of their two ships and a brig, giving a raking 
fire to them from the starboard guns, and to a large 

service. Capt Elliott speaics in the highest terms of 
Magrath, purser, who had been dispatched in a boat 
on service previous to my getting on board the Nia- 
gara ; and, being a seaman, since the action has 
rendered essential service in taking charge of one of 
the prizes. Of capt. Elliott, already so well known 
to the government, it would be almost superfluous 
to speak. In this' action he evinced his characteris- 
tic bravery and judgment, and, since the close of 
the action, has given me the most able and essential 

I have the honor to enclose yoti a list of the killed 
and wounded, together with a statement ot tlie re- 
lative force of the squadrons. The captain and first 
lieutenant of the Queen Charlotte, and first lieut. of 
Detroit, were killed. — Capt. Barclay, senior officer,- 
and the commander of the Lady Prevost, severely- 
wounded. Their loss in killed and wounded I have 
not yet been able to ascertain, it must however, have 
been very great. 

Very respectfully, I have the honor to be, sir, 
your obedient servant, O. H. PERRY. 

The hon. William Jones, 

Seereiary of the navy. 


U. S- schr. Jriel, Pnt-in-bay, 13th Sept. 1813'. 

Sin — I liave caused the prisoners taken on the 10th 
in.-it. to be landed at Sandusky, and have requested 
gen. Harrison to have them maixhed to Chllicothe, 
and there v/ait until your pleasure shall be knowrt 
re.s]>ectlng them. 

The Lawrence has been so entirely cut up, it is 
absolutely necessary she should go into safe harbor. 
I have therefore directed lieut. Yarnall to proceed to 
Erie in her, with the wounded of the fleet, and dis- 
mantle and get her over the bar as soon as possible. 

Tiie two ships in a heavy sea this day at anchor 

lost tlieir masts, being much injured in the action. 

:. I shall haul them into the inner b:iy at this place and 

schooner and sloop, from the larboard side at half i ^^^^^^, ^,^^^^ j.;;. ^,^^ present. Th'e Detroit is a re- 
pistol shot distance. Die smaller vessels at thisj ^^^^.^.^^j^, j.^^^^ ^j^^p^ ^^;i^ ^^.^,j^ ^^^ -^ ^,^^ strongly 

built. The Queen Charlotte is a much superior ves- 

time having got within grape and cannister distance, 
under tiie direction of captain Elliot, and keeping 
up a well directed fire, the two ships, a brig, and a 
sc iooiier surrendered, a schooner and a sloop making 
a vain attempt to escape. 

Tliose officers and men who were Immediately un- 
der my observation evmccd the greatest gailantrj-, 
and I have no doubt ihat all the others conducted 
themselves as became American officers and seamen. 
Lieut. Yarnall, first of the Lawieace, altiiough 
several times wounded, refused to quit the deck. — 
Midshipman Forrest (doing duty as li^ut.) and sifiil- 

s;^l to what has been represented. The Lady Pre- 
vost is a large fine sclKionei*. 

I also beg your instructions resp'^cting tiip wound- 
ed. I am satisfied, sir, that wh.atevcr sieps I might 
take governed by humanity would meet your appro- 
bation. Under this impression, I have taken upon 
myself to promise capt. Barclay, who is T^ery <iu7tj^^~ 
roiisly wounded, that lie siiall be landed as near lake 
Ontario as possible, and I had no doubt you would 
allow me to parole him. He is under the impression, 
that nothing but leaving tliis p;crt of vhe cotuiu ;. v.-.ui 



save his life. Tliere is also a number of Canadians 
among' the prisoners, m;iiiy wlm have families. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfidlv, vour 
obedient servant, O. H. FEliliY. 

The /ion. JVilliam Jones, 
Secretaiy of the narni. 

Statement of the force of the British squadron. 

James Anus, siiglitly j Isaac 

Ship Detroit 

19 guns — 1 on a pivot and 


Queen Charlotte 

17 do. 1 do. 

Schr Lady I'revost 

13 do. 1 do. 

Brig Hunter 

10 do. 

Sloop Little Helt 

3 do. 

Schr Ciuppeway 

1 do. and 2 swivels 

63 g-urrs 
JVote — The Detroit is a new ship, very strongly 
built, and mounts lon^ 24's, 18's, and 12's. 
Statement of the force of the United States' squadron. 
Brig Lawrence 


Schr Ariel 




Sloop Trippe 

[On the riiorniii!? of (he nctinn, tlie siciv list of the Nia-'ara Cojr- 
tamed tweiuy-eitjht unfit (or iliitv.] 

On boaril the Caledonia.— //«!(. 'A(/--.T 
Perl.ins, <i<i. ; .Tames Pliilijjs, <(i>.— 3. 

On iKiaid tilt Somei-s.-.'rM(;jrf«;.-Charles Ordfcn, Godfre/ 
Bowman.— 2. 

On boHvd th? Ariel.-A.7?,V(/'-.Iohn Wl'lte, boatswain's mate— 3- 

/; f,u?(f/ffrf.— AVilliani Sloss, ordinai'v seaman, "liirlitly : iloberf 
Wilson, seaman, do. ; .Tuhn l.nens. laiiilsinaii, do,- -3. 

On board the Tii()i)H._/r(/r,,.K,W/— Isaac Gretii, soldier, 25tli 
iVRt. badlj-; .lohii Nailes, do. 17th. s!iijbtly.-.2. 

Cn board Uit Poreujiine — None killed or wound, d, 

t>n board tlu' Scor|)ion,-A7/to/.-Joli!i Clark, inidshipmau ; Jolin 
Sylhanimer, landsinaii.~2. 

On board the I'ijjress.— None killed or wounded. 

[iwo days pi-pvioOs to the action fil'iy-seven men unfit for sex'- 
Vict ui the small vessels. 


Killed. Wotnukd. 

20 guns 
20 do. 

3 do. 

4 do. [1 burst earlj' in action. 
2 do. 

2 do. and 2 swivels 
1 do. 
1 do. 
1 do. 

54 guns 
The eXTct ntmiber of tiie enemy's force has not 
been ascertained, but I Itave good reason to believe 
that it exceeded ours by nearly one hundred. 

Lift, of kiNcd and grounded on board the United Sta/e.i^ squadron 

under ccinmanU of 0. H. Perry, esq. in the action of lO'A Sc,')- 

tembcr, 1813. 

On board the Lawrence. Kil'ed. — .Tolin Prooks, lieutenant ma- 
vines; Henry I.aub. niidsliipnian ; Clir^tian Mayheiv. (jnart' r- 
rcaster; John W. Mien, seaman.; .losepli Keiineily, do.; John 

C. Kelly, private in the rea:inient ; John Smith, seaman ; Wm. 

Cranston, ordinary seaman ; Andrew Michael, seaman ; John 
Hoffman, ftrdinary seaman ; Charhs Poiii^, stanuiu ; Nilson Pi- 
ters, do. ; James Jones, do. ; John Hose, do. ; Ja-ncs Cayrt, sail 
maker's mate ; Thomas Bntlir. seaman ; Wilson Mays, carpenters' 
mate; James Brown, Sf-aman ; Ethelrc^l Sykes, lajuisnian ; Philip 
Starpley, corporal marines ; Jesse Harland, private ; Abuer Wil- 
lianis, do.— 22. 

/ro(/nrff(/.— John ,T. Yarnall, first-Iieiitenant, sliglitlv ; Diilaney 
Torrest, second do. do. ; Wm. N. Taylor, sailing master, do. ; Sa- 
muel Harableton, purser, severely ; Thomas Claxfon, midshipman, 
do. ; V ii^ustus Swartwout, do. do ; Jonas Stone, carpenter, slifjhtly ; 
AV.lliam C.Keen, mast r at arms, slii^hlly ; Francis Mason, qnarler- 
m.'.ster, severely; John N. wen, ilo. do. do. ; Joseph I.-wis, do. do. 
.slii,'htly ; Ezekiel Fowler, do. do. do; John E Brown, quarter 
gunner, severely ; William Johnson, Iioatswain's mate, do. ; .lames 
Helan, do. siiijhtly; George Cornell, starpeiiter's mate, do.; 
Thomas Hammond, armourer, do.; William Thompson, seaman, 
severely ; Geor^v Varnum, do. do. ; .Tames Moses, do. do. ; William 
Roe, do. do.; Josiph Deiiniiii,', do. do. ; William Daring, do. <lo. ; 
John Clay, do. do. ; Slepluii Fairli.Id, do. do.; George Williams, 
(<o. do. ; Lannou Hiise, do. do. ; James Waddiiigton. do. do. ; John 
iinrnham, do. (to. : .loini Bur.lren, do. do.; Andrew Mattison, do. 
do. ; .T.TOmi:ih Easterhrooke, ordinary seanmn, do.; Henry Sclirte- 
der, do. do. ; Benoni Price,, ; Thomas Uobinson, do. do.; 
Petvr Kiiisliy, do. do.; Nathan Cliapi.ian,; Thomas Hill, 
A), do. ; Bvirney MeClair, do. do. ; William Da v. son. si aman, do. ;■ 
"Westerly .Tohnson, ordinary seahein,(|o. ; Samu. I Spy\>i».J, do. do. ; 
Rob. rt Hill, seaman, slightly ; Fi^ncis Cummings, ordinary s.a- 
nian, St veivly ; Thomas Ke.-d, do. ilo. ; Charles VandvUe,do. do, ; 
Willian Sinpsori, do. do.; Jrsse Williams, do. do. ; Ja'nics Hadley, 
do. slightly; James Bird, marine, sever. 1> ; Wm. IJurnett, ; 
■W.a. Baggs do. do. ; Daviil Christie, do. do. ; Henry Vanpoid , do. 
do.; I'liom^s Tri?t; landsman, do.; Elijah Partin,; John 
Alanis, do. do. ; diaries Harrington, do." do. ; Wm. B. Perkins, do. 
do.; Nathaniel Wade, boy, severeh ; Newport Hazard, do. slightly. 
— -(<1. 

[On thp morninit of (he action the sick list ol the Lawrence con- 
taiiml thii-t;-mie unru for duty.] 

On board the Niagara.— ATjrtcv/— Peter Morel, seaman ; Isaac 
Hardv, ordinary seaman.— 2. 

/rii(rt(/('/.— .I.diii J. Edwards, Ihut-nant; John C. Cnmmings, 
tindship.iian ; Edward Martin, seao. an, since dead ; William Daiis, 
•rdiii:irys>aMian,do. ;,Io.!Hia Trapi.ill, iiiarin>', do.; Roiivell Hall, 
•idinary scauiaii ; Grovge Piatt, seaman; Kluis Wil.y, ordinary 
seaman; Henry Daviils,,;i. s, aoan ; John M. Stril.uek, oidinarv 
wamaii; .lohii Fr.-eman, do. ; Jan s I.ansford, sraman ; I'hom.a's 
Wilson, Jo. ; Chari. s D.iviJson. il... ; Daniel Bennet, do. ; John 
Filloii, boatswain's -nite ; sergeant Mason, marine ; corporal Scott, 
do.; I'homas Miller, marine ; John lliimasjdo. ; G.-o. M•.^!uoomy, 
no. ; Ucurge bcuffitlJ, do. ; Sumud Cucliraii, do.— i5. 














S. H\:Mr>LETON. Fiir.ser, 
O. H. PEIHtY, Captain and Senior Ojfirer, 

<XT From lake Ontario we have also triumphant, 
news. Of sir James Toe, the Democratic Prese 
most excellently observes, that "when he sitept the 
laice he did it in so slovenly a manner tliat Cliauncey 
had to go over it all after him !"— The commodore's 
letter gives us a distinct account of his proceedings. 
Sii- James, having proposed to te.ach C/iawnce;/ the 
"iirst rudiments of se.imanship," hns fiirlv entered 
on his lesson by running uivau. W.-ll — It often Imp- 
jiens, tiiat "one pair of heels is worth two pair of 

Extract of a letter from commodore Isaac Cruiuncey 

tu the Secretarii tf the jVavi;, dated Se/jt. 13, 1813. 
On board tlie U. «. ship Cien. Pike, 

Oh" Duck Island. 

Sin— On the 7th at day-light, tJie enemy's fleet 
•ivas discovered close in with Niag.ira river, wind 
from llie southward. Made the signal, and weigh- 
ed wilh the fleet (prepared for action) and stood 
out of tlie river afier him ; lie immediately made 
:dl sail to tlie northward. We made sail m chase 
witii our lieavy sch'rs. in tow :>m\ have continued tlie 
chase all round tlie lake night and day until ) ester- 
day morning, when he succeeded in getting into 
Amiierst bay, which is so liltle known to our pilots 
and said to be fall of shoais that tiiey arc not will- 
ing to take me in tiiere. I sliall however (unles.s 
driven from my station liy a gale of wind) endeavor 
to waicii hiui so close as to prevent his getting out 
upon the h.kc. 

During our long chase wc frequently got withiti 
from one to two miles of the enemy, but our lieavy 
sailing .-icli'rs. prevented our closuig with him, until 
die llth off fiennessee river, we carrie-d a breeze 
with us while lie lay laecalmed to witliin about 3-4 
of a uiiie of him when he took the breeze and we 
had a running light of 3 and a half hours, but by 
his superior sailing he escajied me and run ,ntoAm- 
lierst bay yt.stcrd.iy morning. In ijie course of our 
chase on the lltli, I got st- veral bro;,d.sides from this 
ship upon the enemy, which must have done him. 
considerable injury as many of the shot wej'e seen 
to strike him, ;md people wcre observed over the 
side plugging .',hut holes. A few shot struck our 
hull and a liiile rigging was cut but i.othii.g of im~ 
poitaii- . — not a man Wois hurt. 

I Wiis much disappointed that sir J. mes refused 
In fight me, as he w;.s so inuch su]ier!or in point of 
t()rce both in guns ar.d men — having upwa; ds of 20 
guns more than wa Iiuve and heaves a greater we iglit 
of shot. 

This ihip, the Madisjn und the Sylph have each,* 



schooner constantly in tow, yet the others cannot 
sail as fast as the enemy's squadron, winch gives 
him decidedly the advantage, and puts it in his 
power to engage me when and how he chuses. 
I have the honor to be, &.c. 


Hon. TVm. Janes, Sec'ry of the jVavij. 


Gallant exploit.— From a New York paper of Sept, 
16— "A gentleman from Rockaway informs, that on 
Thursday, as he and another person were going to 
bathe on the beach at that place, they discovered 
four barges, supposed to belong to the Statira fri- 
gate, in pursuit of a schooner which was cnde.ivor- 

571. His Britannic majesty's ship QrEF.y Char- 
lotte, 17 guns and 1 howitzer, captured on ditto, 
by ditto, see ditto .' / 

572. His Hrilannic majnntijs schooner Ladt Prk- 
vosT, c;iiiUu-ed by ditto, on ditto, see ditto .' ! ! 

573. His Britannic majesty's brig Hunteh, cap- 
tured by ditto, on ditto, see ditto ! ! ! ! 

574. ///* Britannic majesty's sloop Little Belt, 

I I I t I 

captured on ditto, by ditto, see ditto 

575. His Br itan7iic majesty's schooner Chippawat, 
captured by ditto, on ditto, see ditto ! ! ! ! ■' t 

The British Loan. 

ingto gain the shore.— While the gentlemen where | "pj^g following is from a London paper of June 3 

considering whether it would be safe to bathe in that 
situation, a cannon ball from one of the barges pass- 
ed within four feet of one of tliem— they then 
thought it time to make off, and had not proceeded 
but a short distance before another ball struck and 
lodged in tlie ground within a foot of the other gen- 
tleman. This ball they brought to Rockaway, and 
found it weighed 12 1-4 ibs." 


J\'orfolk; September 14.— On Saturday last about 
~ fifteen men volunteered from a militia company 
stationed n-^ar the inlet, to go and attack a purty ot 
the who were said to be on shore near tlie 
Cape. \Vlien they came to the Cape, and were 
moimting one of the sand hills, they found them- 
selves in full view, and within musket sliot of a 
large body of marines wiio were exercising. A clus- 
ter of OiHcers were standing some distance off be- 
Iween their main body and our militia — the latter 
iiad not a moment to spare — they took deliberate 
aim at the officers, and fired— fiur of them fell ! 
I'lic militia then made the best of their way back 
to camp, while the enemy's shot whistled over their 
heads in all directions, but without effect. 

"The parties who Intend bidding for the loan, wait- 
ed by appointment upon the earl of Liverpool and 
the chancellor of the exchequer this morning, when 
tliey were informed that the amount of the loan 
would be 27 milllDns. For every 100^ advanced^ it 
was proposed to give llu reduced .and 60 consols." 

If we understand tliese phrases rightly, and com- 
preliend the nature of the slocks to be created, in 
consequence of this loan (and we have taken some 
trouble to come at the truth of tlie matter) the fol- 
lowing curious facts appeiw : 

The amount of stock raist d to procure 27 millions, 
amounts to .€45,900,000— ?o -luit : 
£ 29,700,000 at 3 per cent. 
16,200,000 at 4 per cent. 
Producing together an interest of £ 1,529,000 — 
or rather less than 6 per cent, on the monies nominal- 
ly raised. We say " nominally," for the bonus, pre- 
miums and discounts allowed, will reduce the sum 
accovintcd for at the exchequer, below 25 millions 
and a half, and tlic interest on i/ will be more than 
sj.r per cent. 

In the whole transaction, no money appears — "pa- 
per docs the business." The payment is made by the 
iTansfei- of other stocks to the commissioners of the 
r-isking fund — by exchequer bills, or bank notes — the 
last is the best circulating medium ; but now very 
much like our old continental money, for it is im- 
possible that the bank should ever redeem it witli 

The paper of the bank of Eng-landhss excessively 
multiplied as the specie disr.ppeared. Its bills in 
circulation in 1807, was aboiit 12,000,000; in 1810, 
23,000,000 ; but now upwards of 43,000,000. The 
vaiiio of its notes, have of course depreciated ; for 
tliough in law a one pound note is 20s. sterling, it 
will not purchase as much of any commodity as three 
dollars, which used to be valued at 4.s. 6d. each. The 
dollars is now 6s. 9d. or at an advance of exactly 50 
per cent, and one ounce of Portuguese gold, w;,rtli 
in tlie Uviled States e' 17 60, produces in England, 

American Prizes. 


"The winds and seas are Britain's wide domain, 
"And not a sail, but by pcviuission spreaiis !" 

Britiih tl'nval Jlc»i.ftcr. 

554. Ship Reprisal, from Scotland for Bay Ch'a- 
ieur, captured by the Frolic of Salem, and burnt. 

555. Brig Friends, of Bristol for Pictou, captured 
by ditto and ditto. 

556. Brig Betsey captiired by ditto and ditto. 

557. Brig , from Newfoundland, laden witli 

fish, sent into Bordeaux by the letter of marque 
schooner Pilot, of Baltimore. 

55'o 559 560 561 — Four vessels captured by tlie 
Lovely Cordeli;i, of Charleston, .and burnt. 

563. Schooner , cut out of Setang llnvhov,] five poinds Jive shillings, e((U d to ^23 31 ; an 

N. B. by a privateer boat. I advance of nearly 33 per cent. — 40 per cent, auvanoe 

563. Galliot Guttle Hoffntmg, of Portsmouth, j is, therefore, the medium value o? goh! nm\ silver 

(Eiig.) captured Iiy the Frolic of Salem, and burnt. 

554. Brig Jane Gordon of London, H guns and 20 
rnen, captured by the s:;mc, dispossessed of her va- 
luable articles and burnt. 

565. Schooner Hunter, captured by ditto and con- 
verted into a cartel. 

566. Ship Grotius, of London, captured by ditto 
and sent into Portland. 

567. 568. Schooners Vigilant an<l .Susan, captur- 
ed by ditto, and given up to the prisoners. 

569. Sloop , laden with dry goods, sent 

into Ellsworth, by a privateer boat belong to Beer 

570. His Britamiic majesty's ship Dethoit, 19 giuis 
and 2 howitzers, captured on lake Erie, by cum. 
l^erry. See official accoTint, page CU. 

c<mip.'red witli the bank of KnglaniVs notes. On 
these iiidisputublh: facts we shall pursue the matter 
a little fiunher for amusement :ind instnictiou. 

The stock created for the loan of 27 millions, 
which produced at the excliequer 25 1-2 millions, 
was .€45,900,000. This 25 1-2 ndllions, supposing 
it to be of batih paper, might have been paid with 
eighteen millions of the same quality oi' n^onr-y as 
the loans of the United States yre ctmiposc-d of, and 
the interest is really and ;;•!</!' nearly 9 per ceiif. per 

These plain and simple facts give us much insight 
into the cundition (;f the boasled finances o? Great 
Britain ; where the ui\iial iiiierost for money had 
seldoir, if ever, t xceeded, 5 pr cent, bcfure the 
ruptu-.e of the pcice by th^m ui IbO'J- 




J\'ei<!-Haven,{Con.J .lpnl2'6.—\ short account 
of a Meteor wliicli was seen in this city by sevci-al 
gentlemen, on the evening of S iturd:u , the 20tl\ uli. 

The time of its appearance was about 15 miimtes 
before 10 o'clock. It continued visible from 6 to 8 
Sf-.coiuls. The direction in whicli it moved was 
from \V. by N. to E. by S. The writer saw the lisjht 
whicli it yielded, from the first; although he did 
not see the body itself until it had been in siglit 
from 2 to 3 seconds. It was tlien about N. 20 d. E. 
35 d. above the iiorizon; and consisted of a body 
and a tall. The body was an elipsc, witli tlie ends 
of the transverse somewliat pointed. Tlie trans- 
verse was as long as the apparent diameter of the 
moon vv'hen on the meridian; and tlic conjugate about 
two thirds as long. The lengtli of the tail was not 
far from five times tlie apparent diameter of the 
aun, or ubout 2 d. 30 m. in the lieavens. For two- 
fiftlis of its length it was acute decreasing cone; 
the remainder was an unifn-m stripe of light.— 
The' color of the body was yellower than tliat of the 
moon; audits brilliancy obviously greater tlian that 
of the tail. The illumination was so strong that 
standing objects cast very distinct shadows. 

Soon after the writer first saw it, numerous 
sparks of fire apparently snapjied from it, and went 
out almost immediately. A short time before the 
meteor disappeared, three much larger pieces sepa- 
rated from it. Tiiese moved, for an instant, in lines 
nearly parallel with its orbit: but their co\u-se be- 
came constantly more and more perpendicular. — 
The largest of the tiiree c (iitinued visible till witJi- 
in about 20 degrees of tlie horizon. The path of 
each fra'J'ment was for a time obviously curviUlnear 

of September 14, 1813 — It is given as "verbatim 
and Htsratiui." Some of the persons who liave sign- 
ed this instrument are reported a;; men of pivily 
high standing in society. The letter was shewn 
to a lieutenant French, by a certain deputy sheriir 
of Coos county. Frencli felt it his duty to retnin 
it — the deputy and three or four others assaulted 
him witli a vie'.v to recover it; but French beat 
tlie whole of them oft", after scvei-oly biuising 
some of the assailants and held on to his pnze. 
Tlie " Esqr. Sa\vyer" n:;med is understood to mean 
Josiah Sawyer, Esq. of Eaton, Lower Canad;) . 

" Esau. Sawtkr. 

" Information is here obtained that one Curtis Coe». 
an Inhabitant of Barnstend (N. \l.) is apjirehended 
and committed to one of your prisons at Three Hi- 
vers as a Spy. We beg leuvc. to represent to you 
and solicit your attention to an investigation of the 
cause of iiis confinement. We are very confident 
from our acquaintance with Mi-. Cue, and his ch.'-c- 
ter, Politicks, &c. that his object is f\i' fro'u '.■ ■/. 
unfriendly to the motives induced yoi;; v .- 
vernment in repeUing the attacks m^ide on you by, 
our Executive. His Politicks lnvi: uniibrmly been 
what we Stjde, Staunch Federalism ; a'>d ];is object 
we believe to be no otlur, than traffjdn.^ with yniir 
citizens in defiance of soinc of our Laws; . For this 
we do not commend him ; but ibr this we hurnbly 
conceive your Government will noi Uiidertake ,to 
chastise him. If his designs are 'nanife-tiy and os- 
tensibly hoi5'ile to your ■wmoi.esQ'Vii: retaliations we 
Would by no means be considered as Justifying or 
countenancing him therein. HisLanguage and ton- 
tliict with us has uniformly belled even the ."sem- 
blance of an enemy to your Go>-ernment, or any of 

The meteor was itself visible a second or more ;if- y^Jm• u?,uf ,s in repeiiing all m'.-asures which our 

ter their separation from it. It disappeared all at 
once, at an altitude of about 30 degi-ees above the 
horizon, and in the direction of N. E. It seemed 
suddenly to have left the atmosphere, and to have 
gone in an instant behind some substance absolutely 
opaq'ie. A short time after its disappearance, a 
bright flash was seen in that part of the sky where 
the meteor was first discovered — this pei-haps last- 
G<1 3. second* 

About eight minutes after the meteor was gone a 
very loud report was heard in tlie direction of that 
part of the sky where it vanished. This was accom- 
panied by a very sensible jar, but had little or no 
roar or echo. The sound was not like thunder, nor 
like the report of a cannon. It was sharper and quick- 
er than either. 

The sky that evening was nearly overcast, but the 
covering was every where thin. Particularly iii the 
north. In that direction v.irious stars were visible. 
There had been during the evening an appearance 
of thunder and lightning, and none was discovered 

The illumination was seen by a considerable num- 
ber of persons, and the report was extensively heard. 
The writer knows of but two jiersons in town who saw 
the meteor besides himself. Unfortunately for phi- 
losophy, in this instance, the •■'steady habits" of the 
people (as it was Saturday night) had collected al- 
most all of them in their respective houses. 

It is suspected that the meteor was seen farther 
north, by a great';r number of jjersons ; and it h« 
hoped that the proceeding statement will call forth 
the obsei vatious of others. 

EAcCutive liave tried to enforce. We tinnk tiiat 'af- 
ter you have examined his conduct, you will with us 
unite in your e ideavors in lilievating him from con- 
finement, ana sunisring him "peaceably to return to his 
friends in this State. Our personal acquaint.ince has 
been son>°thing like two years, our acquaintance 
with his Character and Politick, much longer. Ar.d 
sir by Interfering and using your eiideavors, so far 
only as you can c insistently with your honor and 
situation in restoring him to his friends, you will 
confer a special favor of your fiiends aid humble 

" Aug. 16. 1813. 

[The above letter was sic^ned b^ ] 


Scandalous curiosity. 

The following letter appeared in the "New Hamp- 
shire Patriot," a paper printed at Concord, N. H 


A late London p;>per, the Times, says—" The 
Gottenburg mall confirms our opinion, that the per- 
son of disiinction, lately indisposed at Dresden, was 
JierJiiei: That celebrated assistant and follower of 
Bonaparte throughout his military career, died last 
month in the 60th year of his age." 

Uerthler was present at the siege of York-town, in 
1781 — he was one of the most accomplished men of 
the age ; and Bonaparie has yet lost no friend on 
whom he so confidently depended. 

Vermont election.— \\& have not the returns, but it 
appears certain that Mr. Gabtsha, the "republican," 
is re-elected governor ; the "federalists" have gain- 
ed some in the assembly, and the character of that 
body is doiibtuiL 



No. 5 OF VOL. v.] 

DAL.TIMGV.K s\TT;UDAY, OvTobkr 2,1813. 

[WHItLE XO. 109. 

J!cc ohm meminisse hnmldt. — Vrr.aii. 

t'ri'-.'.ed and publislied by H. Nilks, .Soutli-st. next door to l!ie r.fevcluuits' Coft'ee Iloiiye, nt # 5 per (wrunit. 

Lakes Erie, Huron and MiciiJ,o:an 

Tlie splendid victory over v^.e British iijicc usi 
lu;:e Erie, by commodore Perry, and the expected 
movements of the r\orth-western army, under ni.jfi 
general ifarrison, now coiv>isting' of at least Z^,UOU 
choice troops, eminently calculated for tlie services 
requcr^-d, ver\- n rurally produce muc.'i euc]uiry for 
the geog'ranhy of thit portion of Nortii-Americi! 
JymL,^ on the Upper L- kes, with an ::ccount of the 
IJces tliemsclvis, that the effect of a powerful naval 
and military force acting ag'ainst the a//.v,?, nviy be 
anticipated To aid this enquiry, and collect into a 
focus all that things, the following- 
skeiclies were prepared. AVe are not willing- to say 
thai every item is correct — it is almost impossible 
that they' should be — but we have compared what 
we esieem the best authorities with each other, and 
arrang-ed many of the particubrs from the notes of 
our common place book, collected within tiie two 
last years for tiiis very purpose ; and the \^kole may 
be accepted as of general credit. 

Tiie position of the great lakes is so well kuov.'n 
to the people of the United States from the common 
use of the m;ip, that we shall waste no thiie in 
descrii)ing it; but proceed immediately to the main 
objects of enquiry 

(ihoiii;h tlie channel is witliin ihe ning-e ol a rais- 
ket shot from the i'ort, wliich i?,, therefore, the kt y 
o'' the higher lakes) witli a fine navigation of cigli* 
'een niilen, 3-011 arrive at the tov.Mi oi Deiroii, famofis 
for Hull's capitulation, and the river here is ovdv 
lialf a mile wide. Jjciroilwu'i a handsome and lively 
place, and C'.)iUa!ned aljout twelve hundred inhal)!- 
t;i'its at the time of its surrender, who had a C(;n- 
sidernhle commerce on the hikes and with the 
neighboring inrlians. Passing Deiroit, the rivci* 
again expands, and receives the waters of 1: he 
.SV. C'lttir hy a mouth a mile and a iialf wide. This 
lake is about ninety' miles in circunifcrence. Snnie 
say it has a bar acror.s themiildle, running east ai d 
west, to pass Vvhich vessels proceeding to or fi-on> 
lake Hwon must be unladen ; we do not ci-eilit this 
assertion, but believe it may be navigated by any of 
the vessels we h tve f.n lake Erie, with safety. Tue 
river .SV. Chiir, which tmites the lake of that naine 
vvith lake I/iiro)!, presents an easy entrance for ves- 
sels into the latter; and is ibout eighteen mlici 

Lake HURON is of a triangular shape, about one 

tJiousand miles in circumference, and navigable for 

large ships, though some say it is not safe for vessels 

j drawing more thr.n nine or ten feet, on aecoimt of 

|the slioals ; perhaps chiefly because they 

Lake KRIE IS of an elliptical form, three hundrediy."esi>oais; f^ernaps cn>cny necause tney are yrt 
miles long from east to west, and ninety broad ^tl^'ttle kno-- n. Tae snores ot this lake m-e represH^nt.d 
its widest part, from north to south. The deiith isi^s generally sterde, being composed ot sand .uul 
rated at twenty fathoms ; but there are many shoals. I "^niall stones; but a some distance back the sod is 
The bottom Is'generallv of a light yellowish sand ;|P'-e^ty good On the northern parts- are many va- 
which being disturbed by storms, tin£,vs the waters '"^'ble establishments ftn- carrying on the fur trade, 
of the lake? at other times clear and of a greenish f .?^eat importance to the enemy. From the nnr- 
coh.r. The northern shore is rude and rocky, but^'^^'-^/ of this h,ke, tiiere is a back passii,';. 
has several harbors for small vessels, and at fovt\}oMont>^eal ,- lor the following hunmons account <:i 
Erie and Maiden, or (as the British call it) ^2,„.wluch we were mdebted to tlic editor of the .i«ror,. 
herstshvro; large sh ips may ride safel)-. Lon^ Point, j ^'^out a twelve month pgo : 

running from the north shore, is a parrow peninsula! "The passage from Montreal to this post, [.S'^./"ft» 
of sand, piled with miglity rocks, towards the north ; | seph's, to be noticed hereafter] is by the Outawas ri- 
Init on the other sides presents a fine beach, — ;vi;r, which has its source in th.e lake Timiskimiins^ 
"very convenient to haul the boats out of the surf 
upon it, when the lake is too rough for sailing and 
rowing." The south side of Erie is generally a sand 

north of lake Huron, but the passage frcna whii-!i 
into l.i'ie Huron is by a portage of two miles to the 
laviguble head of French river, which fall.s into lake 

beach, and the harbors arc all incommoded with! Huron. The Outawas river falls into tlie 
bars at their entrance. But in some places, at Caii.n-\ from the north v/est about ten miles above ?.IoiiU'e.''; 
fioird particular!',-, there are immense ranges of rocks,, and presents in the passage upv/ards from Montre I. 
rising perpendiciUarly out of the waters of the hike, I numerous nipids, the waters passable w ith difiicti'-! 
forty or fifty feet high, and scveiid miles in lengLii.jty by canoes, and portiiges over which every t!iii-.g 
Tilt danger of passing these is so great iu the time|mustbe transnr>red by human labor only ; circui.n- 
of a storm, that the Indians always offer a sacrifice ofj stances which render it inefficient for military use.:, 
tol)acco to the water, as they approach them. Th.e since a force passing upward must not only tr:ins- 
harbors on this side 0+' the lake, best known to us; port its military stores and provisions over these 
are. Black Rock opposite f )rt Erie ; Eric, where i.s ; jiortages, but the supply and difficulty piust he e:i- 
tlje United States' navy y^ird; &c. here the water creased with numbers. These facts in the prese:it: 

on the bar is not more than seven or eight 
feet, though there is depth enough within it ; Cleve- 

posture of aliairs are very iinjiortant, because they' 
demonstrate, that with the command of the lakes 

friwc/, with six or seven feet water; iSandnskij andj which the U. States can always possess when tli«y 
Put-in- Bail, where our squadron was on the 13th j determine to employ the ample and facile nteans 
ultimo, which last is spokt'ii of as one of the " finest they possess, the whole of the Indian trade of the 
harbors in America." Tills bay is not laid down in [British must fall, and their garrisons must surreii- 
tlie maps, nor is it mentioned in any of the books orwler or descend the Otawa river from mei-e necessity ; 
papers we have; but we apprehend it is near the we shall therefore gne a short sketch of 
l4ead of the lake, about forty miles above Sawliiskj/,] ip this river as it is pursued by the traders, 
and fi'om 20 to 3(J from JUahkn. Passing JMalden.l :;ommodities for traii-port are much more nianajie- 
where tlie Detroit rivei* is about three miles wide.'.ible than millt-iry apparatus. 

Vol. V. E ,' 


"The navigation is conducted in canoes of bircli, 
Avhich carry about eight or ten men, and from fort) 
to sixty p.ickages of merchandize ; besides their 
provisions, biscuit, pork, pease and Indian corn. — 
til IVfay they leave l.a Chine about a mile below tlie 
entrance of the river Otawa, and proceed to St. 
Anne, about two miles from the western end of the 
island upon which stands Montreal, the two moun- 
tains being on tlie opposite side of tiie lake here 
formed by the confluence of tlie Otawa with the Ca- 
dai-aqui, and taking tlie name of the lake of the two 
mountains ; at St. Ann's, there is a rapid, where 
they are obliged to unlade part of their cargoes. — 
This lake of the two mountains is twenty miles long, 
and about two miles wide, and cultivation is secii 
on both its sides ; at its end the water contracts and 
assumes the name of Otawa river. Here it is the 
inland voyage is considered as beginning; and after 
a course of fifteen miles, the current is interrupted 
by ciuTQOts and cascades for a succession of ten 
miles, generally denominated rapids ; here the tra- 
vellers are obliged to unload and bear their burdens 
on slings or on their backs ,- whilst the canoci are 
towed up against the current with immense labor 
and patience. There are places where the ground 
will not admit of the carriage of large loads, ami 
tjjey are therefore carried at severed times. 

"Af er about sixty miles of smooth current, where 
tlie river is generally more than a mile u ide, the} 
reach the portage of the lake Chaudiere, where there 
is a cascade of tw enty feet. Tlie portage here is 
about lialf a mile, and canoes and all their lading 
are carried upon men's shoulders. Thence to the 
next portage des Chenes, is short, but the land car- 
riage is about a third longer than the preceding, and 
is called portage du Chat ; there are tw^ smaller 
portiiges called des Sables and de la Montague, in 
eighteen miles to the grand (Jalumet, where the cur- 
rent is again tranquil ; next the portige Dufort, 
which is 245 yards, over which canoes and carg-oes 
must be all carried — then the portage of the moun- 
tain, the Uerige, where the loads must be can-led 
385 yai'ds over one, and 25U over the other — the last 
portage of this river is a lor:g one between Les Al- 
lumettes. Deux Joachins and -Koche t'aptaine, and 
the dischai'ge Ue Trou. The distance of the jjort- 
ai<es nearly two miles, and others over lofty and dif- 
ficult rocks — when at about four hundred miles from 
Montreal, Petit Reviere falls hito the Otawa from 
the south westward ; here the voyagers must turn 
off to the left, and pass this river of about sixty-fiv'e 
miles length, interrupted by rocks and cataracts to 
the number of thirteen to tiie high lands : when af- 
ter the greatest difficultios, and a course of land 
carriage of about six milei, they reach lake Mipis- 
slng, which is about tiiirty-Bix miles long and about 
fifteen wide ; but tlie track of canoes is much long- 
er, as they must foUov/ the coast. 

"Out of this lake flows French river before men- 
tioned, precipitating its f^ood over rocks of consi- 
derable height, called tlie Kettle Falls, which ne- 
cessarily infers another portage, of which there f*ie 
not less than five more in a distance of about 80 mile.s 
to tlie entrance of lake Huron." 

It is hy this Kiute it has been supposed general 
JProcter would attempt to make- his escape. Indeed, 
i,t was stated that the people of J)f<tl(len had actually 
sent off their most v.iluable effects to reach Mon- 
treal tJiat way. But this channel, as well as the 
route through the lakes, is closed by Perrxi^s victo- 
ry ; as Nuroti, on the fall of JVlalden, must own the 
s6vereignly of the "striped bunting-" as the English 
ill derision called our flag. 

"Lake MICHIGAN communicate;! with Huron by I 
thoBtreigblsj of Micftilimackinac^ wkich are about (5 1 

miles long. This lake is entirely embosomed within 
the United States, which are separated from the 
British ])ossessions by an imaginary line drawn 
tlirough the middle of lakes Ontario, Erie, Huron, 
and Svperior, Sec. The length of MicJiigan, from 
north to south, is estimated at 280 miles, and tl»e_ 
breadth boi w^en 60 rnd 70, mA it has about the same 
depth of water as Jlvrom. Tlie island of Mivhili- 
mackinac, on which stands the village and fort of 
that name, is situate near the entrance of tlie streight 
from Huron, being about 7 miles in circumference, 
and four miles distant from the nearest land. It a- 
bounds witli excellent water, and is high and heal- 
thy j rising to the centre "as to resemble when you 
approach it, a turtle's b.ick, from whence it derived 
its name, J\lichiltmackinac, or the Ti/rtle." The fort 
is handsomely situated and commands the harbor, 
which is a beautiful bason of water, 5 or 6 fathoms 
deep, well sheltered from the winds. The viU.age 
contained about 300 inhabitints in 1810, chiefly 
French Canadians ; and a very brisk trade was car- 
ried on with the neighboring Indians. The export 
of furs in 1804, was valued at g238.936, and the 
duties received on goods imported from the British 
possessions, were ^60,000. It was in a very fiou- 
rishiiig situation when the enemy possessed them- 
selves of it last year, before the declaration of war 
was knowR to our commandant. The hostile force 
came from StJoseph^s, a post about 40 miles north^ 
situate at the foot of the streigbt.s of St. JMarie, 
through whicli the waters of l.ik' Supernor are dis- 
ciiarged into Huron. St Joseph's w:,s held chiefly as 
a i)!ace of observation on JVIichiliiiiackinac ; which 
latter the British gave up witli gieat reluctance by 
/«jA treaty in 1794 ihongii they had conditioned to 
do it, immediately, in 1783, ten years before. Cfiic^~ 
g-o, or fort Dearborn, f^^mous for the murder of its- 
garrison about a year since by the uUies, is near the 
foot, or south end of .If /cA/^fiJJ, nearly 250 miles from 
Michilimackinxic, and was the only post or settle- 
ment we had on tlie shores of the lake. 

jSV. Joseph^s was garrisoned by two companies of 
Canadians and a few regulars. It is assailable by 
water. Tl>e streights of St. Jtfnrie are 40 miles 
long, and so rapid that they cannot be ascended even 
by canoes, though tJie descent is safe, if the pilots 
are good. As it is not probable that any military 
operation will be carried on on lake SUPEUIOR, we 
defer an account of it at present. 

With these facts before him, the reader will easily 
imagine the entrance of some part of our squadrorh 
into lake Huron, immediately on the capture of 
.Midden ,- and in his minds' eye behold them scouring 
the whole shore of tliat lake and of JMichic^an, 
breaking up all the posts and factories of the white 
enemy and chastising his red allies, with a celerity 
and perfection of vengeance that belongs to their 
crimes. JMichilimackinuc passes into our hands, of 
course. St. Joseph's, too remote for intelligence or 
succor from the enemy, wilh its gnrrison, is given 
into our possession. All i he places of deposit fop 
Indian supplies, will be destroyed ; and the savi.ges, 
employed in the htmvess of the British ciuring die 
summer, and cut ofl, at this critical senson, from: 
their accustomed resourses, must perisii by thou- 
sands for food and clothing. The whole trade of the 
North-West Company, a mighty mercantile esia- 
blishment, of vital importance to Cunuda, and of 
great consideration witn the mother Ci 'iiitry, i.s 
done. Li less than four weeks we may have the 
reality of the tilings here aiiticiiJated, wuli an ac» 
count of other events, perhaps quite as important 
as those apprehended, but winch, for want of bettei' 
information, do not at at this time appear. 



Law of the United States. 

An act laying duties on licences to distillers of spi- 
rituous liquors. 

Be it enncted by the senate andkmise of representa- 
tives, of the United Stales of ./-Jmerica, in cnvgress as;- 
semhled. That e\'ery person vvlio, on tlie first day of 
January next, shall be the owner of any still or stills, 
or other implements in lieu of stills, used for the 
purposes of distilling spirituous liquors, or who 
shall have such still or Stills, or implements afore- 
said, under his superintendance either as agent for 
the o\vi\er or on his own accouut, shall before the 
said d.iy, and every person who after the said day 
shall use or intend to use any still or stills or im- 
plements as aforesaid, eitiier as owner, agent or o- 
therwise, shall before he shall begin to use such 
stdl or stills, or other implements in lieu tliereof, for 
the purpose of distilling spirituous liquors, apply 
for and obtain from the collector appointed by vl)'- 
tue of the act entitled "an act for the assess;^-;; and 

months, thirty-fwo cents for each gallon of ifs onpa- 
ci'.y as aforesaid ; for a license for aiid during the 
term of thi'ce months, forty -two cents for each gal- 
lon of its capacity as aforesaid ; for a license for and. 
during tlie term of four months, fifty-two cents for 
e:'.cli g.iU<->i! of its capacity as aforesaid ; for a license 
for and during the term of six monilib, seventy cents 
fur er-ch gallon of its capacity as aforesaid ; for a li. 
cense fiir one year, one lumdred and eight cents for 
erir.h gulion of its capacity as aforesaid : Provided, 
That liiore shall be paid upon each still employed 
wholly in the distillation of roots, but one-hali the 
rates of duties abovementioned, according to the 
capacity of such still. 

For a still or stills emploj'cd in uistllliiig splritg 
from foreign materials, for a license fi)r the employ- 
meut thereof for '>nd during tr.2 Icrr.i of one month, 
twenty-.ive cents ."or each gallon of the capacity of 
every such slill including the head tiiereoi"; for 'a li- 
cense fei- and during the term of three months, six- 
ty cents for each gallon of its capacity as aforesaid ; 

collection of direct taxes and internal nr.ties," for for a licenss for and during the term of six month';, 
the collection district in which such p^uson residesjone hundred and five c«;nls for ea-li gallon of its ca- 
[or to the deputy of such collector d.iiy authorised,] picity as aforesaid ; for a license for one year, one 
a license for using the said still or stills, or other hundred and thirty-l've cents 'or eac'a gallon of its 
implements as aforesaid ; which licenses respective-' capacity as aforesaid. 

ly shall be granted at the option of the proprietor' And for every boiler howe'. ei" constmcted, employ- 
er possessor of such still oi- ^tilb, for any or either} ed for the purpose of gei.-ratir.g steam in those dis- 
of the terms mentioned in tliis ;«-t, upon the pay-i tillerles where wooden o;* otl.-tr vessels are used 
ment in money by such prcrietor or possessor of the; instead of metal stills, and the action of steam is 
duties payable on the said license or licensts accord-| substituted to the immediate application of fire to 
ing to the provisions of this ac', if ihe said duties the materials from winch the spirltoiw liquors are 

shall not exceed five dollars ; and if they shall ex- 

distilled, for a license for the employment thereof 

ceed five dollnrs, on such iiioprietor or possessor ex-' double the amount on eofii gallon of the capacity of 
ecuting and delivering t'j i.iie collector or to his de-j the said boiler including the head thereof, which 
puty as aforesaid, a bond with one or more sureties would be payable for ths said license if grairted for 
to the satisfaction oi" such collector or deputy, con-|the same term and for tlxe employment^^on the same 

ditioned for the payment of said duties at the end of 
four months afttr the expiration of the term for 

materials for a still or stills to tlu contents of 
which being the niaterials from whence the spiritous 

which h^uch licensi- or licenses respectively shall have liqurtls are drawfi, an immediate application of fire 
been granted. And tlje said bond shall beta'cen injduiinj; the process of distillation is made, 
the name of the United States of America and in such | Sec. 3. .Ind be it further enacted. That it shall be 
form as shall r-e prescribed by the treasury depart-lthe duty of the collectors \vithin their respective 
ment. And if any person shall after the said first! districts, to grant licenses for distilling, which li- 
day of J:\r.nary next, use or cause to be used any censes shall be marked with a mark, directing theJ 
still or stills, or other implements as aforesaid in dis-j rate of duty thereupon, and shall be signed by the 
tilling sp'vituous liquors, or shall be the owner of, or j commissioner of the revenue, and being countersign- 
have ur. -ler his superintendance either as agent or i ed by the collec:or, who shall issue the same or cause 

otherwise, any still or stills, or other im])k>ments as 
aforesaid, which shall after the said day have been 
used as aforesaid, without having a license therefor 
as afi)i>esaid, continuing in force fiir the whole time 

the same to be issued, sh.all be granted to any per- 
son who shall desire tlie same, upon application ia' 
writing and upon payment or securing of payment 
as aforesaid, of tlie simi or duty payable by this act 

during whicli tiie said still or stills, or implements-as .upon each license requested. 

afi)resaid, shall have been thus used, every sucli per- 1 Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That the appli- 
son shall forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dol- cation in writing, to be matle by any person applying 
lars,togethcrwilhdouble the an)Oimt of duties which for a license fiir distilling as aforesaid, shall stato 

would have been payable for the term diwing which 
such still or stills, or implements as aforesaid shall 
be thus used, had the said still or stills, or imple- 
ments as afi>resaid, been entered according to the 
provisions of tins act, to be recovered with costs 
of suit. 

Sec. 2- Ar.d be it further enacted. That the licenses 
aforesaid sh.'di and may be granted for and during 
the following terms or periods, and on the p.ayment 
or securing of paymt^nt as aforesaid of the duties un- 
dermentioned, namely : 

For a still or .stills solely employed in distilling spi- 
rits from domestic materials, fcr a license for the 
employment thereof, for and during the teiTn of two 
weeks, nine cents for each gallon of the capacity of 
every such still, inchiding the head thereof; for a li 

the place of distilling, the number and contents of 
the still or stills, boiler or boilers, and whether in- 
tended to distill spirituouj liquors from foreign or 
domestic materials. And every pcr;:on making a, 
false statement in either of the said particulars, or 
wlio shall distill spirituous liquors from material.s 
other than those stated in tlie application aforesaid 
as well as the owner or superinteiuhmt of an}' distil- 
lery, still or stills, with respect to wliich such false 
statement shall liave been made, or which shall be 
thus unlawudly employed, shtdl tbrfeit and pay the 
sum of on2 hundred and fifty dollars to be recovered 
with costs of suit. 

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That every sucli 
collector or his deputy duly authorised under his 
hand and seal, shall be authorised to apply at all 
cense fiir and during the term of one month, eigh-i reasonable times for admittance into any distillery 
teen cents for each gallon of its capacity as atbre-'or );lace where any still or stills are kept or used 
said ; for a license for and durii g the teriti of two! within his Qoilection district, for lie pui-pose (*f •«:> 



amining and measuring tlie still or stills, boiler or 
boilers. And every ()\\ ner of sucii distillery, still 
or stills, or jjersons havinj^ the care or siiperinten- 
danccof nianag-enieut ot the same, who shall refuse 
to admit sucii officer as afoi'csaid, or to suHer iiini 
lo examine and measure the said still or stills, boiler 
or boilers, sh..U for every sucli refusal, forfeit and 
pay the sum of five liiindred dollars. 

Sec. 6. And he it fiirlher enacted, Tliat it shall bt 
the duty of the collectors aloivs.iid, in tlieir resp< c 
tive districts, and they aiehereiiy authorised to col- 
lect tlie duties imposed by this act, and to prosecute 
for t!ie recovery of the siune, and tor the recovery 
of anv sum or sums uhicii may be forfeited by vir- 
tue of this act. And all fines, penalties and forfei- 
tures, which shall be incurred i)y force of this act, 
shall and may be sued for and recovered in the name 
of the United States, or of the collector within whose 
district any such fine, penalty or forfeiture, shall 
have been incurred, b_\' bill, plaint or int()rination, 
one m.oiety tiieieof to tlie use of the United States, 
and the other moiety thereof to the use of the per- 
son who, if a collector, shall first discover, if other 
than a coili-cior, shall tiist inform of the cause, mat- 
ter or Tiii'!!.'-, \'.'hereby any sucli fine, penalty or for- 
feiture, shall have been incurred ; and where the 
caus(j of action or complaint sliall arise or accrue 
more than iifty miles distant from the nearest 
by law established for holding a district court with- 
in the district in which tlie same sliail arise or ac- 
crue, such suit and rectwery may be had betore any 
court of the state, holden within the said district, 
liaving jurisdiction in like cases. 

Sec. 7. .lud be it fuvthev enacted. That this act 
shall continue in fonre imtd the termination of tiie hi which the United Starts are now engaged 
with (ire^t Britain and Ireland and their dejienden- 
Cics, and for one year tiiereafser, and no longer. 

11. CLAY, 
Speaker of the House of Representatives. 
Vice Pi-esident of the United Stuies, and 

President of tlie Senate. 
July 24, 1813.— Approved, 


Barbarities of the Enemy. 


Ac<'<''''>pi"ii""^ *^"^ report of the luniniittce of the house of reprrseii- 

tativr', (ippoiiiicdtn cntiuire into the .iphit and manner in xrhick 

tluy /ins been wrgeit h'j tin' eiii-inij. 
No. 11. 
(Ciiinimteil f.oiH fmge 55.'/ 
Extract of ak-uerfVon! niajoi-gfuora! Pintkiuv to the secretary at, ciiit<-d. Ucn-l-f^initrrs. uii, Xov, 1, 1812. 

" Iiilori ;:ilio:ilia>iiii<l)rt)i Ki''> '• "1' i"'i»tl' '"li'>it'-'"»"t Giauili- 
sou, who at pn sent c()i!ima"U< in tin naval (I.'iiavuiiriil Iieiv, tlmt 
sis \iiifni'aii seaiin-ii, uliohail Ixm takfii piisoiui's im hoard our 

Krjvateei-s, had hc'n s.-iit to .laiiiaitato Ix- tii' (1 as Hrltiih sub)<tts 
)i tiiusoii, 1k' cu!li-t!upo 1 the marshal to r-taiii rioiihlf that nuni- 
h' V ot Hriiiih leaiMcn as hostaijes. T]\f iiiai':>lialin eoiist-qiiiiite of 
iiisiriKtioiis from tlii' dcpartnR^iit of stat' , .Tikcd my advice on tlu- 
siil)jic!. ami I have [riven iiiy opinion thai lliey oo^'ht to tie detiiiiie<l 
liiiiil thr plea<.ur. oOhv pr; sideiit shall be known. I'ht; tistimony 
of captain .Moim is h'Tf'.viih. I tiop' ,sir. you will have lliegooHn ss 
lo liavf tllj^ biisiofss put in the proper Uain to have the pvcsidenl"s 
phasiiie on this subjcet coinmunieated to the iiiai-«hal. 

Copy of a letter from captain IMomi. o" the privatier S:uah-Ann. 
>'(7.v.i«», x^r-ii-l'ro-riili-iirt; (Jrtv/jer 14, 1312. 

!.'.x oi" my cr 'W, claimed as Briusli ■.ubjtcJs, wiri t'iis da> Uik )i 
01" of jail and put on Ixiavd his majesty's bi'ig the Svipphn. and 
saileii for Janiaica, where 'tis said they are to l:e tried for their 
livLs; tensequently I (lueslioned each r(-specti\elj as to ibe plaee 
ofltifir )pMii\ity. aii'l titl.' t't proffcrion l»y the Aiutrieaii gov^ri.- 
HK nt, win 1. itie;. siatifd as i'.,llo%vs. to wit •• 

IXiMd Dick, sraman, that be wa< born in tlie north of Ireland, 
Uni has rciciid in the l-'nilid States ever since the year 1793 ; 
b»< Sirvcri ten y^a-.s in the 'Jnitt-d States' navy, vir. on tvim-d tin- 
^riirates Chisapeak'', President, Constitntion, Jolm Adams, and 
si'iooiiir 111- '. j)riie,aud yun-boat. No. 2. Davi' Divk, shoemaker. 
fii A|i'xaMiiri:i. is his uncle. Dick is about tive ii i-t six and a hall 
fni '.KS J.igh, dark b.-dr. bas a sear on bis left dhow, and one on 
I'alii wr(st; tifc e.uun'ed uu iniard ttic Sarali Aiivu in fiaiiiiuore. 

John Gaul, sianian, says he was boi-n in Marblehead, state of 
MassachoN tts. win re Ids parents, brwiliers anil sisters, now reside i 
is marriei' in New-York, and bis wif- (Mary (iaul) lives in RoosC" 
vrlt-sireet,^ N^l. 37 ; has a reRolar disctiarRe from tlie navy of the 
United Sutrs by captain Huph G. CamplM-ll, dat'd at St. jMary's, 
G>o?p;ia, 14il> Augu^tj 1812; says he has s> rved on board the 
United States' brig Vixiii, gnn-boats No. 10 and 15B, fro.n the last 
of which he was discharged. Gaul is tweniv-seven years of age, 
about five fee t seven inches higli, brown hair, light complexion i 
lie entered on board the Sarah Ann in Baltimore. 

Michael Pluck, ordinary wanian, sayshc was born in Baltimore; 
bis pure;. ts are dead, hut he ii known by William Uoulan, Thouiat 
Tnrnf r and M'Donald, of Ballimofe ; has a sist* r in some part of 
renn>)l\aiiia, whose name is Ann Welsh, was nevtr at sea before j 
never bad a prof etion. Pluck is tweiUy-six years old, tive feet 
six and a Lab i:. Jies high, and has a scar on his left cheek boue ; 
entered on 'xiani the Sarali Ann at Baltiiitore* 

Thomas Rogers, seanian. says he was born in'rfbi-d, Ireland, 
but has residett many j'earsin the United Slati s, un<l lias been duly 
naturalizt-ti. a copy of which naturjliza;ioii is tiled in the custom- 
house at Baltimon ; rs know n by .loseph Carey and Tom Rogere, 
eork-euttrr. both of Baltimore; has a wife and three children iu 
Baltimore; has lost his proti-ciion, but requests Josi pli Carey to 
do all he can to etteut his discbarge from the British. Rogert 
entered on tioard the Sarah .%nn in Baltimore. 

George Iloberls,.a colored man and seanian. This man I had not 
an opporrunit) of questioning ; but I know biin to be a native 
born citizen of the United States, of w hi<-h fact he had every suffi- 
cient dociinii-i:t. together with tree pwpers. Robtrts entired on 
board the Sarah Ami in Ballvmort, where he is niirried. 

Sonty Taylor, hoy. says he was Imru in Hackensaek, New-Jei'Sey, 
but has neillier friiids, relations nor acquaintance there; s;;y» 
.lane Snowdeii, of Savanna'i, Georgia, is his mother ; never had a 
pro(ectiim. Taylor iii lifieeii years oUl, has brown hair and light 
coiiiplexiou ; he enttred on lioard t!ie Sarali Ann in Savannah. 

Late commander of the privatter Sarah Ann 

Copy of a letter from admiral Warren to' Mr. Mitt hell, agent for 
the exchange of American prisoners of war, dated 

Halifn.v. 2Ut OcHber. 1812. 
Sir.— I had tJie honor to receive your letter and its eiiclosure* 
relutiiig to Thomas DuiHi,* and beg leave to intorni you, that it 
appears the said uiaii is married in England, has been eight yejr» 
in his ma|esfy's service, and received a pension from goverunientr 
und.-r these cxreumstances, and the man never having made any 
applicalion for his di-sciiirge from prison, he continU'-s o'.i bo.ira 
tlie St:iti - 1 have the honor to Iw. Kie. 


Extract of a letter from WiUiam H. Savaf;e, late agf nt for Amerfc 

can seamen and commerce at Jamaica, to the seer, tar) of siale, 

dated U'a.iliiitgt^ii, December 1, 1SI2. 

" I take the liberty to enclose you copies of a eonespondei.ce 

which took place between vice-aiunirnl Stirling (commanding on 

the Jamaica station) and myself, since the declaration ol war. I 

should have furnisbi d it you at an « ai tier period, liut an accident 

pi evented, which I was not aware of, until my arri>;d at this eii>-" 

Copy of ray letter to vic-e-:idiniral Sta-ling. coinn.anding on t',e 

Janiaica siatimi on the snivel of American seamen alter the 

declaration of wai'. Kinyslon. Jama/ra, 6:h Aiif-iist, 1^12, 

Sir, — li^nclostd is a copy ol a letter receiveu by me yesttrday 

fi(jm on hoard bis uiajesty's ship Sapjdio, pnrponjng to have hem 

written by four American seamen on board thai sliip, v\itb a view 

lo scdicit my aid towards ettt'ctiiig their discharge, in eousequenca 

of the declaration of war by the government of the United State* 

against Great Briiaiii. 

In making this application I am fully aware that my dutits 
Ci used as agent for the couimerce and seauieli of the Unit, d States, 
on the knowh rfge of such declaration being mad k: own here: 
but, sir, I am led to believe that at this period it will not Ke deemed 
inadinissable on your pait to r ■ceive, nor impro|ier on mine to 
make the reqm-st. that you will be pleased to griiit an order il-r 
the discharge of these seamen, feeling conscious (should tliey even 
no! be prolect.jd with the usual documents affordi-d to citizeBs of 
the Unitetl States) that an Knglish seaman would not declare him- 
self otherwise than such under existing circumstances. 

I seize the present opportunity also to forward to you twenty- 
one documents, as proof of the citizenship of that number of sea- 
men, said to have been impr-ssed by shijis of war on this station ; 
the gi-iat.-st iiumtier of which have been heretofore unsuccessfully 
claimetl by me, on behalf of the United Slali s. and whi< h may stili 
comprise at this lime some paj"i of the crews of his ir.njest) 's ship* 
on this station. 

I tieg further to state to you. that I have received numerous ap- 
plicaiiuns froiu on boaiil various of his majesty's >hip< on this sta- 
tiim for the rnli. f of seamen, «bo I doubt not are entitled to the 
limt'Ction of tlie government, many of them having 
wiiii them the pr ofs of citize'iship, as 1 am 1. d to belii ve 
from the assertions contained in their comn;ni.ieations. Apjilica- 
t ons have also been mad.- for the ri lief of n.aiiy wit'rout success : 
the latter amount in number to forty-si.\, as per list of names 
enclosed, sevi ral of wliom I understand have birii shifted (since 
til ir impressuneut) on board of other vtsselstfan those ihey were at 
first taken on board of. All of which I beg too.Vi r fjr your consi- 
deration, le'cling as I do anxious 10 extend my last ellbit in behalf 
ol those seanien who are entitled to tin m, and .it thi' same tijue 
being impressed with the idea, that it would be foreijrn to you. sir, 
to retain any A ni-rieans in thesirviceof the navy olCln at-Briiain 
contrary to their disposition during the present conllict. I ihere- 
fure take the lilierly of adoing to my former r< quest, thai yoii 

* the application was nrade at the rt quest »f hti father Joiu^ 
Dunn, ul Boston, who transmitted a depusiiiun tif h s birrh. 



■will be pleased to grant onlers tliat snch seamen inaj be discliargetl 
iiiom (liiiv on board his in;ii'St)"s sliips on tliis stall. >u. 

^\ ith sentiments of the liigUcst icsp:tt. Sec. . . ^„ 

(Signed) WM. H. SAVAGE. 

Copy Of vice-admiral StiilinK's secretary's letter, in answer to 
mine to the vice-adiniral of ftth Au^i-st, 1H12. 

AtlimmCi- Fc::ti, Aiigmt 7, 1R12. 
Sir,— I am desired bv vice-admiral Stirling lo ackdowlidge tbe| 
receipt of J our Utter uf vi st. rda^'s dat.-, and toae'i'iaii.t you tlot 
directions « . re ^'ivrn some days ago, tliat all tfic men in the squa- 
dron under his command, woo can prove iheioailvis tube Aiiurt- 
can born^. should be Sent to the priwm sljip until an ex- 
■ebani^e ot (wisontrs is eslablislud l> tiie iwo countries, in 
consequence of the late i)etIaration *if war by the United Suiis 
against Great Britain. 

I return herrw itli the i>ai)ers wliieli accompanied your letter. 
And am, sir, &c. 

(Signed) CHS. STIRLING, junr. itnemry. 

Exi ract of a letter from Wm. H. Savage, esq. lain agent for Ame- 
rican seaiiiiii and comfuerce at Jamaica, to Charles Stirling, jr. 
t.sq. dated Khigxtuii. Si-plenMcr 16, 1812. 

" In answer to my lc«er of the 6th ult. you were pkas^d to in- 
form me that directroiis bad liei-n given by the viet-adiiiiral, some 
days prior to the dale of loy lett^ r. for the removal of all nauvt 
An.iriiaosrwho co\il'' pi-ov,- tli. insilvts such) trom on hnard his 
majestv's sUil>s to that <il the pri»on-,sliip ; but as some time hvis 
now fciapsed since you were pleasiil to give me lliis inforlllallUl^ 
and learning that some instances of detention at pr sent e\ist on 
boar J his niajestj's schooner Di-couvertr, lam liHltoeinlnace tiu» 
subject again', as in or.e instance I shall hoj)e to satibfy vice-admiral 
Stilling of the man"s biing entitled (o his reiimval iVoni duly o 

hoard bis maj -stv's scliooinr of war. The pirson alluded to is 
Elijah Stilling, an American S(-amaii, mIio wasimiyressfd iioui on 
board the British merihant ship ErilliaiU, at theliay of Hoiulnr.;S, 
in the early part of the yrar 1810, by bis majesty's selinomr l-lnr 
del Mar, and has since b.-en d. taio;t! on iward of various of his 
majesty's shljis on this staiioii, aliliougli ,iiuvide<l willi a r..gular 
protection, which instnimf-iit (lis man got eonv yei! to me about 
the 20ih of Septmiber, following, and wliich was by me fmw:udtd 
to admiral Rowley, accompani. d (a> usual in like cases) with a 
request that the man mig>ht be discliargi^l. On Uie reieipt of my 
letter, the admiral answered through his seen lary, tliai the nature 
ot Stirling's imidvssment was such that he coidil not cn'iiply with 
niyri'qnst ; but wliich answer was uiiaceouipaiiieil lu nlurnwilbl 
tlie proteetion in question, and wlial has become of it 1 am unable 

tu say. I 

"About this period I was led to understand from aduiiral Rowley, 
that all .'Viiirriian seamen who sboidd be imjiressed from on bouiil 
any British imrebanl vessel, wouW lie retained in the service ol bis 
majesty, but that all American starien who sbonld 1« impiessi d 
from on board of American visshIs, wmild onappru-a'ion,ai>coinp;t- 
nied by proofs, be disclnugrd As tliis infmiuation was ivcf ivi d 
about the peiiod of my appiieation for the disciiargeot Stirling, 1 
was led to eonelude it stan.pi the nature ot his imprmsment, and 
■■what confirmed it in n.y imnd was that 1 rt ceived simibirassuriiues 
to various applications made lor American seamen who had under 
Tarious circumsiaiic s, slapj-ed on board ol Briiiili sbips. and wer-- 
from thence imprissert on board of Ids majesty's sJiips of var, ' 
all of which 1 hope tJir admiral will be |J used to taUi into consi- 
deration ; (urto insist on ibe servie^; of tlila man, I think will be a 
din-lection to the mar4vt-d manner of lus amiablr; indiavors to, 
dislingui!,b and rtlieve American sianun from duty on Ixiard the 
squadron under bis eomma'A. I beg to enclose a note froin 1 
Mr. Meeil (the late secniar)) r^lativr to my application f ir iljs 
nan's discharge, and to o'.isjrvi-, that ii it is possible the prot' ctio}i . 
may yet be t(>uud among iln- p»p>-rs of the late s^ert-tary ; '..s it has. 
not bien usind to return me the piolietions of liiosc men whose | 
applications for discharge were not complied with. j 

I beg furthermore to observi-, that llit-rt- appears also to be on ■ 
boanl bis majesty's scbnnm r Deeouvertc. two other American 
seamen, viz. John Knglciield and Kiclmixl I.auderl.jn ; the former 
of whom assirts. that lu si rved Ins appriuticeship 10 tlu tiacU of 
acoopirat Roston. but lias lost bis i)rotection ; tlif latter declares 
liimsilf lo bi- a native ot Rhode Island, and that his prolicli<m 
Las been destroyed by Mr. Oliver, commaiubr ot' his niaj- sty's 
schooner Utcoiivertc. I shall nut now auijnadvtrt on ihf inipro- 
priely of such a circumstunce ; but rcqu>.si, sliouM the instances 
neiv citP<l b<- limud correct, that they may meet the atteiitiun ot 
the vice-admiral." 

Extract of a letter from vice-adniiral Stirling's secretary, to W. 

H. Savage, esq. in answer to his of the liith Septe nb. r, 1812. 
Atliuiral's Pcini, I'Jt/i Sept. 1812. 

" 1 have just received your left rt of the Ifilh instant, wliicli I 
liave laiil 1> lore vie -adi .iial Stirling, and I am din ct^d to ac- 
quaint yon, that Khjab Siiiling and other piiMins on board ot his 
majesty's sehoom-r i)t eon\t rti-, said tube Aim riiau seanii 11, liav- 
not, ■when called upon, pioduc-td proof of In ii.g subjects ol the 
United Statis. liny do nor full under tin- di seriiMion ot p r^ous 
which linlbimed )oii in my letter ol the 7th iduuio,w< reiniiiided 
to l)e discharged Iroui tie- Uing's s' rvice, and to br dilai'ied 01 
board the piison-sliip until an exchange of prisoners laKis j-lace 
■witb America. 

No. III. 


[H. re follow the documents already inserted m the Hegisur, 
page 33— and these li tiers thai belong' to the same le ad.] 

(Si- 18.) xi • .^ 

nxtract of a l.-tt-r from Koliert Monlgonu-ry, consnlof the XJiuteO 

Stat, sat AliraiUe, dated the !th ol S-ovembor, Ibl.i, to the secre- 

'^Her'-wUb'is a copy of a letter to admiral Ilallow'i 11 "itb bis 
reply. Ihemanin qu -"fmii hi-s deelar, d under oat'i tb,t he nev-r 
sigi.-d nnv miele or ugr emeot wti.U.tvi v to sent ein board, nor any oth-r Hruish vessH, and be aow fU 
her, losing what wagfs was due- him." „r.^ n^. 1 ,. isii 

Alicmitc, 2Sd Octu'itr, 1SI2. 
Sir,— Pliilips, a mariner and ci'iz.en of the UvitcO St^tt-s, as 
appears by a regular pi' tec-tion froui the colleetor ot N w ^o.,v, 
lu.oi-ms me tnat some urn. .i.'Ce b.- i-ngag, d hens- It >,u bo?'.-< 
naiisjoit Inderulig.i'jle fornix n.onths at Ccnaiu « ages a^iveil tor . 
,l,at he has now !>,. 1, eight months m sad v;-s£ 1. and '!t-niay s 
lis ciisdiarge and *a,' s, luit the master having refusi-d hot 11. 
obliges me tor.<;u st ,ou will intfcrm yoiuselt ol the tjt.^and it^ 
as liL? n.arincr statrs. ordn- him lo be p:;id o.f aiMl discii-.i-o'^a- 

Pt rmlt JUi- to assure you, Ke. ,.,.,. .-s,,i7.ijv 


Bfhji'jiiiu lltdUKrll, ag. admiral, royal navy olOreai Britain. 
AllMJUAL HALLlAVKLt, ! O ?•;!. MO -.- . (il'l*!! H ' . 

Hh mckuliji ship Malm, in Alimnh' Bry, 

•^ 2b'h Odobci; ;E12. 

Sir— I find upon inquiry that then- i« on board tb, ImlelargaUe 
uans .on tlie man mention, d in v.,ur b tier of the nA. As tber. is 
,:0 objection to a fur. going in the si..tion ot a umnlier on 
loard a vessel of that ci.scrlptloa. and as b^ «.s sig.iejl x-''^ ' ^ '^J 
agreement to serve oti board the Iudeha:g.iM.', I shall '•'■'l '? « ;.»«^ 
h,o, wbd.- he continues in her: but th- m.,ment be gets bu o s- 
thart;e 1 shall deem it mj duty to take hold o and put him 
■^ ■ - - • var. I hav-t the honorio b.,.^c. 


in confuieueiit as a prisoner ot 



noes not fei-1 lumsilt jusiihen in att.-mliig to the man s w isu s on 
a bare assertimi. The jirotec^ion you allude to is not to be found 
among admiial Rowley's papers kit at this oliitw" 

I, BeeUman V r Plank Ho«umn, of tlie town of Pougbkevpsie, 

docert.tV,tl.atIam a lieutenant in the Lnited Stales '■_^; );;;••" 
I was a lieutena .t on board of th.- Constm.tion tr.gote m t.v '. ti. n 
and eaptui-e ol tlie Gutiriere; that alcr bi-r surrender I was s it 

m. a.and aft.-r taking out t!ie cr.w br .1 «''<1 t-'^* J jj^ 
shin; that eight impresse.l Am. riean s. umeii were a not g the 
crew of the Guer*re%bo were bb. rat^d at Uostoii. I ^-'^^l 
board the Constit.uioii in the action and capuir. ..1 the .la>n, at.d 
Ts sent on board that vc ssel, and aft. r the cr, w >v.^. vcm-e.l set 
her on fire and blew her up. Amongst the cr. xy ot h. Ja^a, 

■thirtien impressed AnK-aic.n seanun were tound, ^;^'^'^, ' "^.^ « 
had enter.d the Brit si, serv.c. and were left the ^^^^^ 

ililieral. d as Amenoais. "• *• ""-" * 

; Datud I'uughkciptic, April 16, 1313. 

I Riehard Tbomiison, being sworn, saith that lie is a "« |ve of 
N.w Pall/,, opposile i'migbkeepsie; that he sad^-^nioni \\> : '."s^ 

,fon aiou 'th.'Is.h of A,..,l. .810 on board ^^ '' ^ «:;■;'' ^^■;f;; 
Killy, captain, for Cork. On the homeward pa , m b, It- " " ' 

:f Uowing, be was impressed am! lak. n on tioarU tb.- Pi ac-oek, a 
B i-^iisl sloop of w. r, and eomp. lied to do du.y. 1 bac wlvile u. 
bc^ar that v.-ssel he made n,.-n V nnsucces.ful attemp.s 10 WT.t.- to 
his l-iiends, to inform them of his situation. He torth .- s«U b tat 
aft.rhe bad heard of tb, w;,r. and two " ''^^ ''"1"^!;'^ 
American seamen who mi b.iaid .he Peacock y---t <-- » 

the captain and claimed to l.e ^""^"l'-'-" ."^ A''>' """/.', '1 ,le 
war,a!idrefus, d to do duty any long.-r. 1 hey «^'; ' ;';' f f,^ 
nnarti i-drck, and tb,- captain ealli-d lor ibe master at aims a..a 
o -de'r. d us tJ be put in Ln. ; we were then Ue,.t, in iro.s 
iwentv-lbur hours, when we were taken out. bion.eit o l'" S^nt, 
way, s'tripped of our cloth, s, ti<.-d and u-/aj>pcd, each w.e do^n ,.„a 

HyiuXVsaitlAhat he wask-pt onboard t'-e PvacocU^ and did 
dniv till tb.- ael,mi with th. Hornet; ait r ih,; Hoinet !io:stcd 
A ^r :^; C.I01S be- and the other impresse.l ^";7>-'-»^;;;';;^.; l' 
to the caitaiu of the Peacoik, asU-d to b- se ntj^e ..«, s.u.t it .n.;s 

il" "me-lieali sl.i,,,and that ihel did not wish to tight fiiraiost th,-T 
coin to. 1". ca'i tain orde r d-u. to our qu.rt-rs ; cade 1 tnuls nij- 
ZuLln. to do'bis .i.ity ; a;;d ii we .lio not ";"";;-'>; ^^ ^^ 
our Mams out ; •' aye ajeT'was >^'*^>^'7^1 ;'> f 't. Vv" sLn 
held a pistol at my b. ad, ai.d ord -ivd '^ ''"''',! ,''\Vl;,'„ \tJ^ 
conti..u.,l at o,n- pii-c. s. au.l coloi.e'.l.d tJ . go t.k U le I »^ 

ico..-k struck: aed we w-n- liberated i-lnrau nupre.s.i.eiu ot 
about two years and eight months. . 


Pov^hkcepTic. April 17, X'.XZ. 
Read o>er and .Igocd in li.e presence ot jQg,,.^,^ „^ „ ^j^^ 

JOHN S. liti'.'VK. 

Diirlies« count-,, ss. . , , ■ .• -n.,.,. 

.Tanies Tompkini. b. ing swor.t. sjUth. be .s a nati* -^ "; ^ >« 
county, opposil P..nghl-:!:epsic- ; that he.;a,l, d.u t I N- " ^"rl la 
the month o. Apr.l, 1812, in th. sh,;- -^ 'M' ''^''V f 'l\ ' ,':,V.r,7 
I' ...ihv-rb..:..ew:.-,-.!i,.,,nd pas^a;,' . n. .'uly aif r, this .. .,„2Ui.i 
Iwi.h tore.- o.u-r ..n.eric-an s. :.n:ei. Sa:.u., 1 DaMs. V, .. \ou» 
'^d John iJrowj. we impicssed »na l<.i.--o oii UaiJ y. ui. B..nsl. 



hip A' teoi), David Smith, caataiii. We were taken on Saturday ; right Indians, ijiit not British troops, &c. He kept my instruttionf ; 
-Vfiiii^s ; oil Monday inorniiil; v,f w^r.' Iiroi.glit v> tlic gang-way did not rveii ii^furisi the senior ottictr, ensign Baker, ol the Anie- 

■ ■ '" ■' rican priv.'iurs, that he had a l.itev fur iiiiii. 1 « as ovdered to a 

fv thi- care of a French ser^wint. 1 naitfd till the 4lli 


fveni!:g , , ., ^ . _ 

and ii.t'ornii d we timsi eiilt r on board the ship a:id live as other 
seainfii. or we slioidd live on oatmeal and water aid receive five 
tiozfu lashes. 'I'liis d.pone't says, IinsiI am; tl.^ otht-r three 
impressed with him, did rd'iise to inter, and each <>t'th-m wrrt 
tlieii wliippeti, five dozen fcishes. 0;i Wednesday luliowing, we 
veri agani all hrougfht op and had the same oit.r made to us to 
enter, which \ie relused, and we were again whipped, tour do/,eii 
lashi f ea' 'i. OnSaturd-jy :(t''ir. the like oliir-r Wiis made to us, and 
on our rfiisal we were ai;;iiu whipped, three dnieji Isshts each. On 
Jlonday following, still r.i using to enter, we wer<- again whipp >i, 
two c. oxen raeh. On Wednesday folluwiiig we w--ri- again v iiip- 
pe<J, one dozen each, and ordi rtd to be taken below and put in 
iron's till we did (*!iter; and tlie c;iptain said he would punish tlw 
dniniinl 7'cp'-ce in.uuls til! i/uit/ dideidcr. We were then put in 
irons ; and laid in irons three months. During the time of our im- 
pn ssnieiit the ship had aiuictiuii and taiAiHt'tl a Freiieh ship. 
Uifore tlie action we wire taken out of irons and asked to fight, 
fcm we refujeri ; and aftir the action we were again iroiici', where 
vi remained till the ship arrived at London. After arriving tlier- 
Vf first heard "t the war with America, and tliat tlie Gumiere 
was t..ken. 'Xiiis deponent tooii his shirt, Samuel Davis and Wil- 
liam 'Vonng took their handkerchiefs, made strijjes ai>d stars for 
the A'in.-rican cohirs, and hung it over a gun, and gave three 
cheers for the victory, 'f'he next morning at six o'clock \ve were 
troiight up .ind whipped, two dozen 1hsIm> i aeh, for huzzaing for 
the Yankee flag, siiortly after this we were all released by ih 
Ussi'-taiice of the Aineriiaii consul ajid captain Hall, who knew us. 

This deponent fnrthersailli, that all had proteclmns, andshowtu 
tlieni, aud cUiiutd to be Americans at llie lime they were impressed. 


Sworn before nie this 17th day of April, 1813, at whioh. time the 
sfiid .iHmes Touipkiiis me his wrisiv, which at his requesi 
I examined, and there aj>peaied to he marks on iioUi ot tlieni, 
oteaaioiieu, as I supi)ose, iioip his having h:-en in irons. 

WM. W. m>iJ,AV.DV^, JLisiice cj' the peace. 
Ko. V. , 


Mcntnal Prison, 6th May, 1813. 

Sir,— I am an unfortunate Aiierican who was taken by the In- 
ftiuiis on my wa) to Maiden, with a flag of truce from general 
Harri-oii, on the night of the 3lst January, and after a variety of 
indi^i ities, too tidious to mention, 1 was brought here and put 
ii'lO th. dungeon for thirtythne days, and have lH?en up on the 
centre tiour a wireli. I v sh to s.e you, if possible, and have 
your advice, &.c, ike. lu ^;•:lc, yours, &e. 

Stirgcoti's mate 2d regt. 2d brigadt Ohio m/titia. 

Lieutenant Dudley. 

Montreal Prison. 9tfi May, 1813. 

Sir,— Ytsterday sir George's aid came and informed me that the 
nature of my confiiunit ni had l:ei n Cuiitrai") to his orders, and 
colonel Lethljridge was r' C|uired to r store me to my liberty. 1 
was also i;'fornied that yon and oASclf woiad probably in a (ew 
ilajs lie sent to the Unitid Stales. Colonel L thhridg" tou: me he 
would send tor me at t'.iee o'linck, ind take my parole. In less 
ih.'ii one hour, major ShackJi ton call d and said, the governor, 
afi' r mature cor.sideratimi, had concluded be eoui.i not let me 
liave my li':»-rty until he would hear iVom general Proctor. 

Two or three days after my imprisonment, 'ajor Shackleton 
told me that general Proctor bad promised, wilii the next des- 
patches, to s.-.?d on all the papers nlating to my case, and thai 
then I wuiihl h've a hearing. 

So you may SL-e piinishiiunt by torture is not yet abolished. If 
th^y had drove a daggir through my heart my punishment would 
Lave been much 1 ss aud their couipassion much greater 
Yours, tsu 


Major Shacklpton also told me that colonel Baynes was unau- 
thorised to tell me wliat he tbd. S. M'K. 

Licutt:naiit Dudley. 

Montreal Goal, May 12, IS 13. 

Sir,— I am requested hy Dr. AI'Keehan to iniiji-iu yjii of his 
present unpleasant situatiuii. He is at this time so unwell as to 
f)c confined to his bed, and has no chance of getting any thing to 
make him comfortable. No person atteixls here to examine our 
filuution, neither have we a chance to send out after any necessa- 
re s tliat we want. 

I am confident the doctor's case requires some verv speedy aid, 
paiticularly as it n tpecis his confined situation, lodging, &.c. 
iuur's, respectfully, 

GEORGE H. KODGERS, United States army. 
J. ■untenant Diidlry. 

IHeK /Mows Or. M'Kee/taii's narrative inserted in the Weekly 
^■^ister, vol. 244.] 


Sir,— Without introduction or apologv. I beg leave to state to 
jour excellency, that on the 31st of Januarv Inst, 1 was ordered 
Ixy general Harrison to proceed to the river Raisin with a fiag of 
|i-uce. 1 was required in my instructions, ii' I met no Biiti>h 
officer at the ])lace lo proceed to Maiden (if too great danger did not 
appear from the s:ivages.} I he same evening, thirty-three miles 
IroHi the river Raisni, the Indians fired upon us and kilUd Mr. 
J«imont, (one of iiiy attendants) wounded niyself in the liioi, then 
conveyed me to captain Elliot, who took me to the ri\er Raisin 
rndlrom thence sent me to general Proctor, at htad-quarters in 
handwich, who swore, hy God, that the flag and jiapeis which I 
gave Inn 1 was onl\ a pretenee to cover a dishonorable service. 1 
rebutted his insniiiations as moderately as my indignant filings 
w<Mil<i permit. Gem ral Proctor made several observations on 
Seneral Harnsciln's abilities as a coiuwandtj- ; said Jie was used to 

tavern u .. ^ .. . ,_-^„ 

ol F-I.r.iary hetirne I wrote to general Pinetor, demanding i:> what 
characier 1 was considered ; how loiig 1 would be detained, and 
the uiuse of my detention. 

liie next day th.e general's aid informed me I was recognized 
assurg oil's male, and would attend with Dr. Brown oi the Ame- 
rica:! woiindeti prisoners. On the 12th I rec ivi-d a letter from 
general Pro<i..r. i., answer to one I had written to him the day 
bi ;ore, of wliicb the following is a copy : 

Sandruich, 12th Feb. 1813. 

Sir,— In answer to your lettet- of the Htli instant, 1 am directed 
by colonel Proctor, commanding, to observe, that you were sent in 
for the purpose of attending oil the siek and wounded of general 
■Winchester's ."rmy, lor whioh purpose you are now detained ; and 
beg leave further to observe, that in the execution of your duty 
you will rendera most importar.t service to your country. 
1 h«vc the honor to be, Sec. 

A. W. MLKAIN, A. D. C. 

I continual to attend the wounded initil the 2d of March, when 
A. D, C. M'Li iiin infomied me that I was acciis'-d of carrying on 
a privjie correspondenci-, and that he was ordered to take nie in 
custody and sicire my jiupers : which was accordingly done in 
the must uneiiil inainuT. On the Stii of March I was taken by a 
ginaxl to fort George, without trial or hearing, although I fiad 
written to general Proctor repeatedly. requesting an investigation^ 
to which 1 rceiveil no answer of any kind. Fioin fort George I 
waisent lo Montreal and hurried on night and d:iy, although thinly 
cioiii-d ([ia\ing lieen rohbtd and stripped by the' Indians} and the 
weather very co:d. On my arrival at Moutreal, I was, without 
'<eing a^ked any questions or permitted to ask any myself, put 
into a dungeon eight or ten feet below the surface ot the ground, 
ia dark aud solitary confinement, and there kipl thirty-three 
d^ys, after whitli time I was putu|i with the American prisoners. 
A few days after Hiy ehAatioii, lieutenant Dudley became ac- 
quainted with n.y siiuation, and made such representations to 
governor Prevost as induced hisixcelleiuy to send his aid, colonel 
Baynes, v^ho 3.jid h_v was directed by the 'governor to inform me 
that the oiitrag.- which had been committed on my person was 
contrary to his orders, and told colonel Lethhridge to tak • my 
parole and liberate ine immediately. '1 he colonel not having ma- 
terials for wrilit.g at haiid. »aid he woiiid send for me at three 
o'clock. In less than oiu hour, the town-major came and informed 
me, that the governor, on more mature consideration, thought he 
could not liberate me until begot despatches Iron general Proetor. 
On the IVdi of Mny, eight or ten days after, I was taken from 
prison, and, in company with lieutenant Dudley, ient to the United 
States. I may here observe, that the apartnient in which I was 
coi!liutd did not contain either eliair, ij ncii or stool, or bedding 
whatever, for the space ot two weeks. Fresh beef was furnislud, 
but not salt. I was denied pen, ink and paper, and treated nni- 
fernily with i!)e contempt by the sergeaet, whom I had 
the homir Ol s-eing every day ibr a few minutes. Ry the request of 
fourteen Aiiieiicuii niisoners, now in Montreal jail, whtise names are 
neVvruntoanneXMl, 1 beghave to state to your exct llency, thattlny 
are kept ill close coiili)iejnent, sometimes half a day without water, 
and frequently two or ihreedays without wood to <.. ok with ; and 
wiicii tiity coniplaiiieo tile jailor's curses were freely lai ished upon 
th 111. Tliey have not the piivilegeof precuring some little neces- 
saries, which the bi nevoleiice of some humane persons enabled 
tie 01 to do by giving thein a little money. Sir George Prevost has 
told them tiiatth' ir eonfincineiit is owing to the bad faith of their 
own government, &e. 

I V ouid have stated to your excellency the knowledge I had, 
through th. report of others, oflhe outrages and cruelties exercised 
o'. the Anieriean prisoners taken at general Wiiu hesler's defeat, 
but ii'Usi reti'r your exetllency to Mr. Rutlaml, who had a com- 
iiiaiiuin the Miclogan militia last summer, and who was, after being 
dispossesi' d of aii his prop.rty, sent lo tnrt Gc»rge with me, who 
no doniu had many opportunities of hearing such things tii- 
iiniphaiiiiy spoken oi Hiiiong British officers and subjects. 
I have tlie boiiui' to be, &c. 

Surgeon's mate, 2d regt. 0. M. 
NiafT'O'S CofTee-House, June 4, 18M. 

List of fjertuns left in Moutrinl Juil.— Geo. H. Rogers, U. S. 
army, Wm. Hodei.back, Burns, Gains Hooker. Philaster 
Jones, Jart^ Witlierall, Major W^iisoii, Alexr. M'Gregor, Li-wis 
Minor, John Campbell, Zebina Coijkey, Pliny Coiikey, David 

No. VI. 

Extract of a letter from Mr. Woodward to the secretary of state. 

Albany, March 22, 1813. 

"A few days previous to the tliirty-fiist of .January, 1813, I 
transmitted some l,:tters addptssid to the Iheiids and families of 
a few of the prisoners whom we had been able lo laiisom out 
of the hands of the sa\ages. 

"On the ihirl.v-iirst day of j'anuai-y I addressed you a letter 
covering similar inlbrmatioii for twelve other families." 
(Tu be CDiiiinued.) 

Imperial Parliament. 

House of lords, July ^~. — This being the last 
day of the sessioit, liis roy:ti liighiiessi the prince re. 
gent cauie Jown to tlie house ii) tUte, for the 



p\{rpose of proroguing parliament with a speech 
from the throne. The side benclies were occupied 
by a large assemblage of ladies of the first distinc- 
tion : among the numerous spectators were the Rua- 
sian, Spanish and Portuguese ambassadors. The 
commons iiaving appeare<l at the bar, his royal 
highness delivei-ed from the throne the ioUowini^' 
speech : 
*^Jt/ Lords and Gentlemen, 

I cannot release you from your attendance in par- 
liament, without re])eating tlie expression of my deep 
regret of the continuance of his majesty's lamented 

The attention which you have paid to the public 
interests in the course of the season, demands my 
warmest acknowledgment.*. 

The splendid and signal success which has attend- 
ed the commencement of t!ie campaign in the Pen- 
insula ; — the consumm-ite skill and ability displayed 
by field-marsh.ol tlie marquis of JFelUnffton, in the 
progress of these operations wl)ich led to the 
great and decisive victory oblahied nesr Vittoria ; 
and the valor and intrepidity by which Iiis majesty's 
forces, and those of his allies, have been distin- 
guished, are as highly gratifying to my feelings as 
they have been to those of tiie wliole nation. Whilst 
these operations liave added new lustre to the Bri- 
tish arms, they afford the best prospect of the deli- 
verance of the Peninsula from the tyranny and op- 
pression of France, and they furnish the most deci- 
sive proof of the wisdom of that policy which has 
induced you,' under every vicissitude of fortune, to 
persevere in the support of this glorious contest. 

The entire failure of the French ruler in his de- 
signs against the Russian empire, and the destruc- 
tion of the French army employed on that service, 
were followed by the advance of the Russinn forces, 
since joined by those of Prussia, to the b-»nks of the 
Elbe. And tliough upon the renewal ut" the contest 
the allied armies have found themselves obliged to 
retreat before the superior numbers collected by the 
enemy, tiieir conduct during a series of severe and 
sanguinaiy conflicts, has nobly upheld their milita- 
ry character, and commanded tlie admiration of Eu- 

I have great satisfaction in acquainting you, that 
there exists between me and the courts of St. Peters- 
burg, Berlin and Stockliolm, the most cordial union 
and concert, and I trust I sIkiII be enabled, by the 
aids which you have so liberally afforded, to render 
this union effectual for the accomplishment of ^le 
great purpose for which it has been established. 

I regret the continuance of the war with the U. 
States of America. 

Aly desire to re-establish between the two coun- 
tries those friendly relations so Important to their 
mutual interests, continues unabated ; but I cannot 
consent to purchase the restoration of peace by any 
sacrifice of the maritime rights of the British em- 
Gentlemen of tJw House of Commons, 

I thank you for the liberal provision you have made 
for the services of the present year. ' It is a great 
satisfaction to me to reflect, that by the regulations 
you have adopted for the redemption of tlie national 
debt, you have established a system which will not 
retard its ultimate liquidation ; whilst at the same 
time it provides for the \-igorous prosecution of the 
war, with the least practicable addition of tlie pub- 
lic burthens. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

1 entirely approve of iJie arrangements which you 

have made for the government of the British terri to- 

ies in Injia, and for the regulation of the British 

ommeice in ttiat part of the world. They appeji- 

to have been wisely framed with a view to the cir- 
CHmstances which have occured since this subject 
was last under the consideration of parliament. By 
these arrangments }'0U have preserved in its essential 
parts tliat .system of government wliich experience 
has l)roved to be not less calculated to provide for 
tlie happiness of tlie inhabitants of India, than to 
promote the interests of Gieat Britain ; and you have 
judiciously extended to the subjects of the unite! 
kingdom in general a participation in the commerce 
of countries within the limits of the East riidiacom- 
p.any's cliarler, which will, I doubt not, have tlie 
effect of augmenting the resources of India, and of 
increasing- and improving the trade and n:,vigation 
of his majesty's doniinious. 

The tried and affect ion ale loyalty of his majesty's 
people, the consiancy which they have displayed 
during this long and arduous war, and the patience 
with which they have sustained the burdt-ns neces- 
sarih imposed upon them, have made an indeliable 
impression on my mind. Such contiuued and per- 
severing exertions, undttr so severe a pressure, af- 
ford the atrongest proof of their attachment to diat 
constitution, which it is the first object of my life 
to maintain. 

In the success which has recently attended his ma- 
jesty's arms, I acknowledge with devout gratitude 
the hand of Divine Providence, the use I desire to 
make of these and on all other advantages, is to 
promote and secure the welfare of his majesty's peo- 
ple ; and I cannot more decidely evince this' dispo- 
sition than hy employing the powerful means you 
have placed in my hands, in such a manner as may 
be best calculated to reduce the extravagant preteji- 
sions of the enemy, and thereby to facilitate the 
attainment, in conjunction with my allies, of a se- 
cure and honorable peace. 

Then the lord chancellor, by the. prince regeivt'? 
command, said — 
„^^^/ Lords and Gentlemen, 

It is the command of his royal highness tlie prmce 
regent, acting in the name and on beiiaif of his ma- 
jesty, that this parliament be proro^rued to .Monday 
the 23d day of August next, to be then here holden; 
and this parliament is accordingly prorogued to 
Monday the 23d day of next. 

Law Case. — British Decision. 

At Halifax, Au^ist 2, 1813, m the case of a licensed 
vessel. — Important and interesrting. 
For the captors — The king's advocate. 
For the claimant — 77.e solicitor general. 
JUDGMENT, Br. Croke. 

As this is the first case which has arisen on the 
American blockades, I felt it to be my duty to give 
it the fullest consideration. I liave examined scru- 
pulously all its circumstances, I have weiglied atten- 
tively the arguments which have been advanced by 
the counsel on both sides — I have seaiched oi:t and 
carefully applied to the present case, all the former 
decisions of tiie higher courts which I conceived to 
have any bearing or relation to it ; and I liave now 
to make known to the suitors in this court the result 
of my enquiries. 

The facts in this case are few and undisputed. — 
The vessel having on board a cargo of flour and In- 
dian meal, sailed from New- York on the 15tli May, 
iyi3, bound to Lisbon, under a licence fiom the 
British secietary of state, bearing date upon tlie Ilth 
September, 1812, and which was comprised in these 
words : 
T» all commanders of H. .1/. shipt of -war and privq^ 

teers,, ami all others whtmit may concern. Greeting t 



I the undersigned, one of his majesty's principal 
scrre'.arles of state, in pursuance of the aulliority 
J-', ive.'i to me by iiis mijesty, by order of council, un- 
der and by virtue of powers given to his majesty by 
:u!i act passed in Uie 48th year of liis majesty's reign, 
eutilled, " An art to jjermit gotitls, secured in ware- 
houses in the piwi ot London to be removed to the 
ontporls for exix)rtation to any port of Eui-ope, for 
c mpowerin^- !us m ijesty todu'ect that licenses winch 
Ins majesty is aHthorised to make urider liis sign 
manuel, Biay be i,ra Ued by one of the princij^al se- 
cretaries of staLts, ;ukI for enaiiling his m.ijesty to 
permit the exijoi-taiioii of goods in vessels of less 
bnillien than are now allowed by law, during the 
prcbeni lu^tilities, and until one month after'signa- 
lure of tlie preliminary articles of peace," and in 
pursuance uf an order of council liereunlo annexed, 
1 do hereby grant this license for the purpos'es set 
forth in the said order in council, to Cropper, lien- 
son, & Co. and others, and do hereby permit a vessel unarmed, ar.d not less liiau one hundred tons 
bui-then, and bearing any flag except tiiat of France, 
or except a vessel belonging to France, or to the 
subjects tiiereof, or to the subjects of any terriiory, 
loMii or place annexed to, or forming a part of 
■•' ■. ncc, to impoj'l into the port of Lisbon, from any 
))ort in the Uiiit>xl Slates of America, a carg-i> of 
:.'ice, gram, meal or flour, witlxHit any molestation 
^Hi account of .•mv liostilltics may exist between 
Jii;i i!i;ijesty and tlie said Uniii-il States of America, 
JtolwiLlistanding the said cargo and ship aforesaid 
may be tlie property of any citizen or iniiabitant of 
the said states or to whomsoever the said pi'operty 
m.iy belong, and that the master of the said \essel 
.siiail be permitted to receive his fielglit, and return 
with his vessel and crew to any port not blockaded, 
upon coidition tiiat the name and tonnage of the 
vessel, auii tlie name of the master of the said ves- 
sel siiall b-- eiidoj'sed on the license at the time of 
tUf vess'd'i > learance forooi her port of lading. 

This license to remain in force for nine inonths 
from the date hereof. 

Given at WiiitehaU the ll'h September, 1812, 
in tiie 52d year of his majesty's reign. 


It is admitted by the captors tliat tiie license is 
good in itself, and that tiie terms of it have been 
compl.ed with, but it is alleged by them that tlie 
\essel and cariro are still liable to condemnation 
uotwithst.indnig the license, for having broke the 
blockade of New-York. 

There are two jjoints therefore for consideration. 
Tiie first is a question of fact, whether New-York 
was blockideil at the time the vessel sailed fi'um 
tiier»ce. The second is a question of law, wjietiier, 
supjjosing- tlie blockade to be established, tlie li- 
ce use can protect the vessel from the consecpicnces 
of coming out of thai port during its continua«ce. 

'I'lie master has sworn roundly " i/iat he had vo 
k'lixledife of the blockade." Hut there is full proof 
til it the ipot location of it, which was made by hird 
(.' uliereai^h by tlie authority of the prince regent 
U;> )u Uie 20Lli -Marcii, was at that time known at 
Ww-Y.nk. It is contained at full length in the 
r, > ' ni'ig Post, a newsp<iper publish: d in tliat city, of 
-lie Oih May, and consequently nine days before the 
v.-.jsel saile.i, and it Lb morally impossible that tiie 
information of so important a nature to tiie mercan- 
i.Ie inji ibitants shoiihl not have been universal in- 
i .iconuinmicated amongst them. 

1l Iks been argiicd by the c:,ptors tiiat the noiih- 
«"itloM alone estaiilisiies'a bloclx-ade. That iieing a 
T'lblic acl, and |ir(iceeding from so higii an authority 
(ijiliing more IS required, and that it would consti- 
"^ute to ail intents ami purposes a blockade even if 

there were not a single vessel off the port—that the 
cases from Mhich the contrary might be inferred 
were cases of notification from ihe commanders in 
chief, and not by the public authority ot '''• e sove- 
reign, and that in the blockade of the Fiench c<jast 
it was never required tiiat there should be any ves- 
sels stationed off the ports — that even if it were 
necessary to prove tlie fact of the ports being actu- 
all}- blockaded b}- ships of war, the capture of this 
antl many other vessels are sufficient evidence of it. 

It has always been held h-f tlie I5iit)sli courts of 
prize tliat to constitute a blockade two things were 
required, that the ports in question should be in- 
vested by a force adequate to the pui-jiose of pre- 
venting egress and Ingress without iinminent dan- 
ger of capture, and that notice should be given of it 
to all the ])aiiics who were legally affijcted by it. 
The actual in^estment is absolutely essential to con- 
stitute this state, and as early as the West-India 
cases it was decided by the court of appeals, " that 
a tieclaration tinsu|)]jorted by the fact \\ ill not be 
sufficient to eslablisli a blockade." In tiiis respect 
ihere is no diii'erence whatever between a public, 
and the most private notification. The object of 
both is the same, merely tn inform tlie party -a-ho is 
to be charged luith the breach uf a blockade, that a 
blockade exists. A notification given by a com- 
mander, is as nuich under the auiiiority of the so- 
vei'eign as if it were an act immediateir iiroceediiig 
from iiim, becnuse commanders derive from him the 
power of blockading such ports as tliey may judge 
proper. The most formal and diplomatic notification 
between governments is only meant for tlie Informa- 
tion of individuals. I'ublic notifications made to the 
government of a country will aU'ect the inhabitants 
of that country witii the knowledge of it after a 
certain time, as a pi-esumptlon Juris et de Jure, be- 
cause it is the duty of governments to communicate 
it to all thc'.r subjects, but, wlienever it can be 
pioved tliat any individuals are acquainted with tlie 
existence of the blockade hi/ aiiii other means, tiie 
consequences will be to them the same. But under 
all modes of notification it is absolutely necessary 
tliat ttiere sliouhl be the fact of actual investment, 
without whicli no notification is effectual. has been called the Idockade of tiie French 
coasts, l)y the well known order of tiie 26th of April, 
tinins no excejjtion to tiie pinnciples maintained 
upon this subject by tlic British nation. That was a 
nif-asure perfectly difl'ercnt from a blockade. It did 
not profess to be a blockade, but on the otlier iiand 
the ordcis were " that those ports sliould be suljject 
to the .same restrictions as //the s^nie were actually 
blockaded \)y his majesty's naval forces in liie most 
strict and rigorous manner." The word blockade 
was introduced not as a definition of the measure 
itself but by way of explanation of the mode in 
whicli It was to be executed; iu the manner of an 
actual blockade. No investment wa?. even supposed 
to take ]5lace, because^it was impossible that there 
could be an investment to the whole extent of the 
coast affected by tiie order. It was not therefore a 
blockade, but it was a retaliatory measure to coun- 
teract the ed'ects of an unjust and unlawful attempt 
to ruin this comitry by cutting off its resotu-ces. It 
was not directed against particular ports, but against 
the enemy's trade universally. It was a total prohi- 
bition of' all couiinerce with tiie uMieiny, as he had 
proiiibited ail conunerce witii Great Britain, and it 
would iiave been inefhclual and futile if it had not 
coin])i-eliended ail tlie dominions of France, and it 
iiad i;een limited within the legal boundaries of a 
blockade. As none of tl;e rules of law relating to 
blockades v ere therefore api)licablc to those orders 

which mliitaled 



jt tlielr designs, so uo infer- 



be flrawn fi-om tlience, that tlie laws of jt lie re fore depends upon that fact, T should direct 

the Ciiptors to bring furtlier proof of it, and slioukl 
allow the claimants at the s:inie tinie to brin_^ such 
other evidence as they may judge proper on the point. 
This however will be unnecessary if it should be 
foiiiid tliat, notwithstanding a blockade, this ship 
and cargo were protected by the license, which 
annulled. Tlie supposed repeal was merely provi- brings me to the consideration of the second point 

fr\cc can 

blockade, befor? ad'nitted in tiie British coui-ts, 
have been in any manner altered or deviated from. 
There is no liecessltv therefore to imagine with 
the counsel for the claimant, that those orders have 
been bv tiie British government eitlicr 
in/(/ct or in priiicif)le—T\icy never have been in fact 

sional and the conditions not having been complied' 
with by the American government, they are still in 
force, as has been decided in this court in some 
recent cases.* They can never be abandontd in 
principle till this proposition is ndinitled to be true, 
that " it is the duty of a nation to submit to tiie 
anniiiilation of its commerce and resources, wlien it 
is attempted by its enemy, with a view to its^ 
subjugation and destruction, without an eiibri of 
struggle or resistance, because that resist.ince maj 
be some inconvenience to a third country." Ouv 
enemies, both open, and in disguise, naturally are 
vehement in their outcries against the orders in 
council, because they have proved too success'ul in 
defeating their malevolent designs, but, as Ion 

in the case. This license is dated on the 11th Sep- 
tember, 1812, and the questioning is whether it is 
annidled by the subsequent order for blockading the 
port of New-York, as far as that, or other block- 
aded ports are concerned, or, in other words, whe- 
ther, tinder a license to import goods from any port 
in the United States, they can be expected from a 
blockaded port in that country. I Imve examined 
allthe cases to be found wiilci) at all relate to this 
question. A recent case th:.t of tlie R\ field, Fors- 
ler,* was the case of a vessel vvliich w; s said to have 
had a license granted to certain British meichants, 
permi<'ed a vessel to proceed from any port in the 
Baltic to any port in the united kingdom. 
TIse vesselwenl into Copenhagen, then blockaded, 
the righl of self-def.nce shall continue to be tiie and came out with her cargo, with which she was 

first law of nature and of nations, so long will those 
retaliating and d-ifciisive measures rest upon the 
solid foundation of eternal truth and justice. 

It is necessary then to establish^ in this case be- 
sides a notification brought home to tlu- knowledge 
of the parties, which luis been sufficiently proved, 
tlial a blockade de facto existed. It is indeed to be 
supposed from the notification itself, orders 
woiild be given to carry the intended blockade into 
efll-ct. Yet tills is lu.t' so conclusive as to carry it 
with a presumption that it has been actually done. 
It was argued by the captor's counsel, that even il'the 
hig!i officer who has the supreme command on this 
sidu the Atlantic should refuse to execute the order, 
tliatthe court would be bound to execute it, and to 
enforce the law. But this is not the true state of the 
case. If it were possible that an officer should be 
guilty of a great breach of duty in not observing 
orders sent to him by government, still though he 
might be personally responsible for the neglect, yet 
th;it would not supply the want of the fact that a 
real blockade had taken place. It has been held ui 
the high court of admiralty,! that even where tiiere 
was an actual investment, if any of the blockading 
ships have not enforced it, that the blockade is so far 
" virtually relaxed." There is no evidence that the 
port of New- York has ever yet been in a state of 
blockade. It is not known as a matter of notoriet}', 
or from the capture of vessels. Theie is no special 
evidence of it affortled b}- this case. No vessels were 
seen off the port. The capture was made in the lati- 
tude 40 degrees, and in the longitude of 70 degrees 
and 20 minutes, by the prize-m-astcr's affidavit, at 

sailing to Liverpool when she was captured. It was 
laid down most strongly by sir William Scott, that 
"a license e.xpressed in general lerm.s, to authorise a 
ship to sail from any ])orl with a cnrgo, M'ill not au- 
thorise her to sail from a blockaded port witli a car- 
go taken in there ; to exempt a blockaded port from 
the restrictions incident to a state of blocka<Ie, it 
must he espccialli/ designated ii<iih such mi exemption 
in the license ; otlieriuise a block uiled port shall be tak- 
en as an exception to tlie genend description in the li- 
cense." Nothing can be laid down more forcibly and 
generally tlian this doctrine. Yet it seems that there 
may beexcepions to it. In Ihe Unffhuag, Berens,t 
loithout any siich express e.iemption in the license, 
where it had lif en granted on lie ■; sme day when the 
notification stated the to cimiuence, the 
I'arned judge "lal;! all question of block. de, out of 
tlie case, for he thouglit himself bound :o pre- 
sume that it 7uas intended the parties should have 
the full benefit of importing the articles v.lthout 
molest.ation from a blockade which could not be un- 
known to the great personage under whose authori- 
ty the license was issued." 

Another ground of exemption was taken and ad- 
mitted in the same case, for the judge concluded 
that since "the blockade was not considered as a 
ground for withholding these licenses, he was led to 
suppose, tliat it was not intended to have the effect 
of suspending- such as had already been granted." 

In tlie Case first cited, where the general doctrine 
was laid down so universally, but which must be un- 
derstood with some little reference to the particular 
case in which it was stated, it w.tssaid that "as the 

the distance therofore of nearly one hundred and i vessel was h ing at Christiansand, an open port at 
fifty miles from New-York. Tliere is no circmnstance i the time when the bore date, and when there 
therefore to lead us to a conclusion that the port of was no intention manifested of going to Copenhagen, 

New- York was in a state of blockade. Where the 
existence of a blockade has been generally known 

the license could not be of a nature to proliiblt the 
purchase of ac.irgo theie, a transaction which was 

ami continued for some time, and by public notlfi-jnot in contemplation when the application was made," 
cation, it is presumed /)/-/»m /wc/tf to continue till it. still rcferi-ing for ^n explanation of the license to ///e 
is revoked. In such cases when a blockade \\-d^i intention of government. It may then from these 
really existed it has been held to be incumbent on|tiu-ee instances be fairly inferred, as the judicial 
the party alleging the relaxations to prove it. Rut 'opinion of that great man, that notwithstanding 
ill the present Instance where it is not known thaljthere are no express jjrovislons ina license or a block- 
any blockade has ever comn^enced, I think it fain ading order effVct, vet wherever it apjiears 
that the party who is to have the benefit of the to iiave been thk ivtf.n noy of his majesty, or of 
blockade should establish it by evidence. If the case i those wiio exercise his :.uiiiority, that the permis- 

— Ision given by a license .should not be suspended by 

* The Marc^uis de Someruelos — the George — audi —— ^ . ___-_I- 

the Pliccbe. 
I Jussrau Maria, Rob. 3, 135. 

* Ist Edwards, 188. 
4Uob.2, 162. 


an order of blockade, that it Is not affecied by the 

^ But before I consider the opplicatio.- of these prin- 
ciples to the present case, it must be observed that 
there is in limme a very material distinction between 
them. All those cases were of licenses granted to 
JSritish subjects or neutrals, and the blockades were 
of ports belonging to third nations o^\\• enemies. — 
This is tlie case of a license granted to the enemy, 
and the blockade is of his own ports. These are 
such material <jircumstances, that the other cases 
cannot in any manner be considered as directly ap- 
plicable to the present. 

For the trutli is, that a blockade is not a measure 
which leg-ally aflects the eneiiii/ at all, it operates in 
point of law only upon neutrals, upon them it has 
a real legal effect ; it gives new rights to the I)locka- 
ders. Without it neutrals might trade in safety to 
the port. It is the blockade alone wliicii creates the 
right of capturing tlieir vessels. But the vessels and 
the otiier property of the enemy would be equally 
liable to be captured and condemned, altiiough a 
single blockade should never be established. It is 
indeed a disposal of naval forces whicli renders the 
capture of his property more easy to the blockiiding 
ships, and wliicli distresses him by excluding- new- 
trals, but this is all. As to the enemy's property, 
the blockaders acquire no new right by it. Hefore a 
blockade is established they can seize and confiscate 
tlie enemy's property, wherever they finil it, and 
during a blockade tliey can do no more. It affi-cts 
the enemy de fucio and not tie jure. That a blockade 
afiects mei'eiy neuLi'ais, is evident from the form of 
■notificatirm. Ti»is is conceived always nearly in the 
same words, it is signified to the ministers of neu- powers, and it informs them, " tliat measures 
will be adopted, which are autiiorlsed by tiie law of 
nations and the respective treaties between liis ma- 
jesty and the difl'crcnt neutral powers." The in- 
SLnictionsto liie blockading vessels, by which the 
blockade is established, are to stop all neutral ves- 
sels destinetl to or coming " out of the respective 
ports." No notif4cation is made to tiie enemy, no 
instructions are given relative to the capture of his 
pr(;pert3', because it requires no special directions. 
Since then no orders are given to tlic blockaders re- 
specting his ])roperty, it is left precisely as it was 
before the blockade ; that is, liable to be ciptured 
fceierally, iniless where it is jH-olected by orders 
from the British government, or other pectdiar cir- 
cumstances. Since tlie orders to the blockading 
ships specify, ard relate only to neutral vessels, they j 
cannot autliorize the capture of enemy's vessels,! 
though protected by a license, which are not neu- 1 
tral vessels, although to ascert.iin iheir general 
isghts and duties, they have sometimes been con- 1 
sidered in that light, in the way of analogy, and of 
a partial similitude, which does not hold good in 
every resjject, but which might be estimated from 
th.e nature and object of the special protection grant- 
ed, and of the document by which it is conferred. 
Since a blockade creates no riglit of capturing ene- 
my's property which did not before exist, if tiiis 
general riglit of capturing his property lias been 
suspended by a license, 1 do not see how it can be re- 
vived or renewed by a blockade, or how the cruizers 
can acquire from the blockade a right to capture 
the enem) 's properly in a case where that right had 
been superceded by the act of his own government. 

Neither does the oDJect of the present blockade 
at all interfere with tiiat of the license, but on the 
contrary they are independent of e.ich other, and 
both consistent. Tliatof the block. ide is to distress 
the trade of ihe enemy, but the design of the license 
is not to assist the trade of the enemyj or for the ac- 

commodation of any of the merchants of that cmta- 
try, but to relieve our own wants, and to promote an- 
important and interesting service. It was an object 
with the Brtish government to victual our troops ■ 
in Spain, tl'at object is not affected by the blockade. 
!t is equally necessary that tlie soldiers should be 
fed whether New- York is blockaded or not. 

Adopting from British and neutral cases the prin- 
ciple that the effect of licenses is to be deduced 
from the intentions of the British government, as far 
as it can be ascertiiined from circumstances, let us 
endeavor to discover what must have been its inten- 
tion with respect to these licenses. T have just ob- 
serv'ed that the object of them was for the benefit of 
the British militaiy service. The armies employed 
in the cause of liberty were starving in Spain. Alost 
of the ports of Europe were shut against British 
vessels. It was necessary to have recourse to the 
United States, as long as those necessities continued 
whicli tiiese licenses were intended to remedy, it 
must be supposed to be the intention of government 
that the supply siiould be continued. The existence 
of these licenses themselves, unexpu'ed and unre- 
voked, is prima facie presumptive evidence that 
tlwise article.s are still wanted, till that presumption 
in overruled by a declaration to the contrary. In the 
next place, though the license is general and extends 
to any port in America, yet in fact the blockaded 
ports of tiie Chesapeake, and the other southern 
ports of America, are the only ports from which 
flour and grain can be expected. Thenorthern coun- 
tries of the United States do not grow enough for 
their own consumption, and are supplied from the 
soutliern ports. If government wishes therefore to 
be supplied at all, it is only fronft the blockaded 
ports that it can receive the supply. 

Some evidence of their intention may be deduced 
from the form of the licence. It says tliat "these 
articles may be imported from any port in the United 
States witiiout molestation on account of any hos- 
tilities which may exist between his majesty and the 
United States of America." It might not be over- 
straining the expression to interpret the words " any 
hostilliies" to mean, " notwithstanding any mode of 
hostilities which Great Britain may think proper to 
employ wliether by blockade or otherwise." It is 
true that the blockade was not established till many 
months after the date of the license, but it was not 
improbably in the contemplation of the British go- 
vernment. To carry on the war against that coun- 
try by blockading their jwrts, has always been a 
favorite idea. Something of the consideration of 
blockade have been present to the mind of 
tbose who drew up this order in council, because it 
is thus mentioned — " The master of the said vessel 
shall be permitted to receive his freight and return 
with his vessel and crew to any port not blockaded." 
It seems to have been understood and intended, that 
the license could and should protect the master 
against breaking a blockade, or why else would it 
have been thought necessary to prohibit his return 
to a blockaded port > Understanding the licenses 
then to have been a protection from the penalties of 
blockade breaking, though they do not forbid com- 
ing out of and exporting the articles described, from 
a blockaded port, it is a fair conclusion then that 
this was not intended to be prohibited. The reason 
of the distinction,- as it is to be deduced from the 
present existing circumstances, and which were 
probably foreseen when the license was granted, on 
the grounds which I have just stated is evident. It 
was only by coming out of a blockaded port that 
the license would be executed, and its object accom- 
plished, because the provisions to be imported tp 
Lisbon coidd only there be .procured. 



It mav reasonably bedouSiedviiether by a license 
of this nature a kind of vesied interest is not con- 
fei-red upon the grantee, of which he cannot be de- 
prived capriciously, at the mere will of *h? graiUinj; 
jiation, or at least, whetlier he can be dispi,.-sessed of 
it without an express declaration of tke g'overnment 
hv which it was granted. Since it is a privilege 
v'liich is to protect the property of the enemy, and 
for the benefit of the country which grants it, not 
only the interest but the good faith and honor of the 
country are implicated and pledged to respect them. 
They ought not to be revoked without full and time- 
ly notice. Adverse considerations ought not to be 
pressed too rigorously agiinst th'^m, hut they should 
be supported by the most liber d interpretation. In 
fcase of doubt, the baLince should incline in their 
favor; it is a contract for the benefit of one party, 
in wiilch the British government says in fact — " If 
you will import provisions to me army in Portugal, 
we will protect your vessels from capture ; wlien tlie 
Americans are performing their jiart of the contract, 
it would be a trap to turn round upon them and tell 
them that the protectron is withdrawn, without any 
previous notice having been explicitly given to that 
efT-ct. In point o+'priiden-ce, by dlowingtlie validity 
of tliese licenses, little misciuef ran be done. As. 
they were limited to nine months, tli£) now have 
nearly all expired, since it is understood that none 
have been issued since the b.^ginnli.g of October. — 
Tiie object of the blockade Wiil noc be defeated by 
allowing t!iem. The dc,iu;-ture of !i df a dozen flciur 
sh'ps will not materiallv relieve the distressed com- 
merce of llie Uiiit'd St'iies, hut the intercepting of 
them miy be injurious to the British service in the 
peninsula, and may be considered as not very cre- 
ditable to die liberality and good faith of 0. eat Bri- 
tain. By r-storing tliis property, theiefre, I con- 
ceive that this court will but maintain tlie justice, 
the honor, and the policy of the cotmtr}'. 

Such is t!ie view which I have been enabled to 
take of tiu.i subject. It were to be wished that public 
dicnments \v:>on wliich the important interests of 
many individuals depend, should be clear and de- 
finite in their language, that nothing should be left 
to supposition, and that either in tiie license it 
should have been explicitly stated, that the expor- 
tation might or might not be made from a blockaded 
port, or that in the order for tlie blockade, it should 
have been declared whether it was to extend to u 
censed vessels. If this had been done we snould 
not have been driven to the necessity of divining- 
meanings and intentions. Parties, including captois 
and claimants, commanders and mercliaiits, would 
not be placed in a state of doubt -nd anxiety, andiihis 
court would be relieved from the painful dut)-, Uo 
often imposed upon it, of making its way amongst va- 
rious diiBculties, and opposite obligations.frequently 
wiUi no other guide than probability and conjec- 
ture. If the parties are not satisfied with the deci- 
sion of this court, it is competent to them to apply 
to a superior tribunal, where the instructions and 
objects of ills m !Jesty's government are known a 
piinri, and not kft to be determined by hazard and 
distant reasoning. 

The United State.s Loan. 

f As a counterpart to the article In our last, headed 
"The British Loan," see page 63, we designed to 
offer a similar statement regarding the loans of 
the U. S. and had made some progress to execute 
it, when the following presented itself in the 
^urora—md-we extract it pleasure, as being the 
vci-y dung we wanted. 

BuUoaid a jjust comparison of the state of otir fi- 

nances with the boasted resources of our enemy, 
we must recollect that 6 per cent, is the leivest 
rate of interest ever paid for money in the United 
States, and that, from tke multitude of monied in- 
stitutions, such as banks and insurance companies, 
&c. &c. that have continually presented them- 
selves to tlie capitaJisl, that money has been con- 
sidered as really and fairly worth eight per cent. 
which, indeed, was paid for the loan in the year 
1800, of only 5 millions, and tardily filled at that 
rate. The.-.e facts, with the article inserted below 
from t!ie JVational Intelligencer, affords us an ho- 
nest view of the case, on which we cannot refuse 
to congi"*tulate the friends oi"Free trade and sai' 
lors rig-itts."2 

In convei-sation with some ot my neighbors a few 
evenings since, 1 found a diftl;rence of opinion pre- 
vailing as to what the late loan to government, of 
sixteen millions of dollars cost the United States. 
It seemed to be a prevailing opinion that the public 
pay somewhere above 7 1-2 per cent, per annum, 
whicli a])pears to me not to be the case. My opinion 
is that tlie loan costs the publ.c §6 83 per cent, pec 
annum, and no more. 

Tlte opinion that the loan costs above 7 1-2 per 
cent, is, as I understand, in this way. That the sub- 
sci-iption bein^ made at 88 per cent, the lender re- 
ceiving §6 yearly for 88 paid, has %G 81 per cent, for 
his money : — and further, he is to receive at the end 
of thirteen years ^100, which being twelve more 
tlun he has paid, those twelve dollars being divided 
among the tliirteen jears, makes the actual interest 
37 74. It does not seem to be recollected lliat twelve 
dollars paid thirteen years lience is wortli but g5 61; 
the interest of which being added to §6 81, as above, 
makes ^7 15 : nor does it seem to be recollected 
that government do not promise pftyment of tlie 
principal at the end of thirteen years — their {)romise 
is not to pay before thi.t time. And if it should so 
happen that the principal shall not be paid before tlie 
end of twenty-six yci-'-s, Jjiosc twelve dollars cannot 
be called more than §2 62, at tiie time of subscrib- 
ing. Tlierefore tliis nuxie ()f calculation, wanting 
certainty, as to the duration of ihe loan, is liable to 
error. Tiiere is, however, no occasion to make the 
calculation on any uncertainty. 

The loan was subscribed for at the rate of 88 
specie dolh'.rs f'.n- Sl^^^J '" six per cent, stock, paya- 
ble at the plei..';ie of the government, after the end 
of thirteen ye i .. Therei(>re the subscriber, upon 
payment of ^iu'J 111 specie, receives a certificate of 
6 per cent. st(-ck for ^113 63, because 
As S'-'3 — in specie. 
Is to ^IM — in 6 per cent stock. 
So is £100 — in specie 
To ^113 60 — in 6 percent, stock. 
But, in order to show tiie utmost the government 
pay, it will be remembered that a 1-4 per cent, wa» 
allowed to the persons wiio collected the subscrip- 
tion — whicii Will make some small difference, be- 

As g99 75— the sum paid, deducting the 1-4 

per cent. 
Is to §113 63 — the amount of the capital received 
So \s ^100 — in specie 

To ^113 92 — tiie real sum of 6 per cent, stock 
received for a subscription of ^lUO. 
Therefore, the loan cost the subscribers, not ex- 
actly S§88, but g&7 78 only, because 
.-\s ^iio 63 — tlie amount of the certificate received 
Is to J>) 99 75 — the actual specie paid 
Sols Si 00 — G per cent, stock 
To jg 87 78 — tlie actual sum in specie paid for 
glOO— fiysr cciu. stocJ^. 



Hence it follows that the interest paid by the pub- 
lic is 6 per cent, on ^1^3 92— which is ^6 83. 

As there is no stijMil.'ition on the p;irt ofprovern- 
ment, wlien the princijjMl is to be paid, wheilier in 
thirteen or any other luinibcr of years, the true cal- 
culation is, that the lender receives an annuity of 
jgS 83 forever. Because whenever the principal shall 
be paid, the government pjtrts with just so much 
money as will (money at 6 per cent.) procure that 
sum annually forever. 

If Joliu is indebted to Jiichard §100, and pays 
him, John, by the payment, ])ai-ts with 9)0 per year 
forever. So the government, ui)on payment of the 
princijial, be it wlien it may, wdl part with *^,6 83 
per cent, per annum forever, of consequence ^6 83 
IS t!ie true cost of the loan. 

The amount of the whole loan is §16,000,000 
Deduct for 1-4 per cent, paid fur com- 
missions 40,000 

The sum received by government is ^13,960,000 

Tlie sum of 6 per cent, stock is- 
sued for this ^§15,960,000 is 

Si8,181,8ir 60 

1,090,909 05 

The interest of which is, 

As 1^15,960,000 — the sum received b}- the govern- 
ment in s|5ecie. 
Is to g 1,090,909 05— tlie animal interest to be paid 
on the whole amount of the 6 
per cent stock issued. 
So is glOO—sppcie 

To § 6 83 — the in ierest, per cent, per annum, as 
Until tliis principal sum shall be paid, the above 
intei-est will be paid — when the principal is paid, tlie 
interest ot course, will cease, but the government 
having parted with so much principal, thereby vir- 
tually continues the payment of tliat interest. 

No notice is here taken of the interest being paya- 
ble quarter yearly — this is some ailditional advantage 
to the receiver, but is no disadvantage to the public, 
as it is not to be doubted, but that, if it were not 
paid, the money would lay idle in the bank. P. 

'File loan of j?7,500,00t'.— It is pleasant to observe 
that tlie government can obtain as mAich money as 
\X wants to carry on^ tiie war for "free trade and auil- 
or's )7^A?s." The following is fi-om the .Yatioiml In- 
telUgeJiiXV of Tuesday last, 

"On Saturday last, being the day fixed for receiv- 
ing proposals for the loan of 7,500,000 dollars, au- 
iho'-izcd by an act of the last session of congress, 
proposals for more tiian twelve millions and a halt 
of (.lallars were offered to the secretary of the trea- 
sury. The loan was taken at 88 dollars 25 cents in 
money for loO dollars in stock bearing an interest of 
6 ptr cent. The privikge of prompt payment for 
the latter instalmeiUs not being given to the lenders 
in this loan, a measure whicli subjects the treasury 
to pay interest on tlie monej- before it is wanted, the 
terms are one per cent, better to the goverfimeni, 
than those on which the loan of sixteen millions 
was conUacled for six months since." 

,wm$ 0f U)i Wa^* 


For tlie success of the loan of # 7,500,000, see 
prc.'.ediiig article. 

The bi'ig Dispatch, (rescued some time ago by 
eertaiu fttizeitb of Boston, from llie possession of a 

Salem privateer, see vol. 4, page 385) was condemn- 
ed as good prize to the captors, by the district court 
for Massachusetts, sitting nt Hoston, last week. 

The United States brig Enterjirize was formerly 
a schooner, and is the same vessel with which lieut. 
Sterrett, in August, 1801, captured, -zviihont loss 
of a man, the Tripolitan ship of war, Tripoli, of 
14 guns and 85 men, 50 of whom were killed and 

Bluckade of ilie American coast. — A London prtper 
of Aug. 9, says— "On the 28tli of April, an exi)hi- 
naiory letter was writ ten from the aihniralty to sir 
John B. Warren, in which he was told, "Tiiat their 
lordsinps expect, and direct him to nruntnin a block- 
ade de facto of every port of the United States of 
America, to which his force m:iy be adequate." 

Tiiere Was a genernl ilUniiinatlon iu rhlladelphia, 
on the evening of the 24lh uK. b\' recoiiiineiidation 
of the mayor; "such expressions of joy being pro- 
hibited by law," without his permission. Many of 
the public buildings in New York, were illuminated 
in great stile. Ihc bells were rung, and salutes 
fired from all tlv^ forts, from tlie navy-yard and the 
flotilla. Sucli d< monstrations of joy have been ex- 
hibited in almost every town and village we have 
henrd from. 

At a district court to be held in Vermont, at Jut- 
land, on tlie lOth inst. no less than fortif three cases 
are to be tried for a violalion of the laws of the U. 
States, in the import of goods or export of provi- 
sions, to and from Canada/ — It is highly honorable 
to the officers of the United States that such vigi- 
!:ince exists, and we hope it may check the treasons 
of the "well-inclined." 

Messrs. Gallatin and Jhuiard hare arrived at St. 
Petersbw'ff — not having landed at the most conve- 
nient port to "proceed to Prague" as the "Jiritish 
writeis in America" said they would. 

Original uuecdoie.—Ai a late electioneering meet- 
ing in Manihind, one of the c;;ndidates, among 
other argwnent.t to point out the inutility of the war 
and persuade the people to "peace," observed we 
were fighting for a thing we should never obtain ; for 
Lord—someliodu had declared that rather than give 
up the "right i,f imjirenmnent,^'' tiiey would "nail the 
Jhig to the and sink -with it." On which a rus- 
tic wit, one of the crowd, requested aloud, that the 
orator would inform them if tuk Koxkh's colous 
•WEUE NOT NAILED.'' This ended the harangue. 

London, .lug. 13.— In consequence of tiie great 
difficulty that has been experienced in cinnpleting 
the crews of the frigates now at Chatham and Sheer- 
ness, orders were given to disarm the Christian the 
Vil. and to dispose of her crew. That vessel will 
be re-e<juipped as speedily as possible, ^^'e cannot 
omit relating this fact, although the conclusion to 
be drawn from it is veiy unfavorable to ourselves. 
Such measures were not necessary, when he had the 
ability of procuring seamen from the Mediterranean, 
the Adriatic, the Baltic, the United States, and cvc n 
from the coast of France. We plainl) perceive tlie^ 
disadvantageous effects of the perseverance of 
France in the continental system. 

Frojn the Jiorthern armies, and the sqvadron en On- 
tario, we have little positive information since our 
last. We know nothing of what has been i.hiuii at 
Fort George or Suckett's Harbor, as to military af- 
fairs. This augurs well in favor of the discipline of 
tiic troops. Of Clutunceii and his fleet we h;>ve had a 
multitude of rumors. One account sa\s that here- 
turned to Sackett's Harbor on the 18th ; hut we ra- 
ther believe he has not relaxed the block: de of sir 
.fumes. Hampton with his whole force, moved from 
Cuniherlund Head on the 19th inst. entered the en&- 



my's country on the 20th, routed his pickets, drove istmce by several other accounts. They will not only 
in' his advanced corps, and miiiched for ilie west ; Lunent the butchery at 'i'e/!sn/o, bit see in that affair 
supposed to be hastening' to Sachett's Ifurbor. Com. the annihilation of the pleasing- prospect they had 
M'Donough, has resumed the command of lukeiof the amelioration of the Creeks, and their final 

settlement in civilized life. To effect this, the go- 
veiiiment of the United States, under every admi^ 
nlstration, had treated them with parental tender- 
ness. Surrounded as they are by the white people 
and without a back country to fly to, they have many 
ye^rs existed by the juitice of the United States ; 
wliu huve restrained all attennpts ttmnfringe on their 
territory or violate their riehts—thouijh the luxuri- 
ance of \.he hi.nd tliey hold h^s excited the avarice 
of many ; and, remote as they were, rendered it no 
easy ta.,k to secui-e to tiiem " jieace, liberty and safe- 
ty." Many of the chiefs had fully fallen into the 
plan of civilization ; cuiiivating- their lands in regular 
order ; and, in t.-.eir domestic or h(>(isehold affairs, 
uppro.xiiliig us so nearly that the difference could 
hardly be discovered. A gentlemen of great re- 
spectability who passed through their country some 
moiuhs ago, informed the editor (jf the Kegisteh, 
that he had dined at one of tlie chiefs liouses where 
the whole husiufss of eating ;ind drinknig was done 
in a stile and miuinea- that miglit be compared with 
that of any private gentl. num m iJie best settled 
sUtes. All the pleasant prospects we had are cloud- 
ed by blood, and forever blasted bv that treacherous 
people, for whom we have done so much ; so that 
mc^ra/ itself seems to demand their exteimin.ition, to 
prevent greater cidamiiy. This is one of the horri- 
ble fruits of the " ez'ei- ■watchful infuence nf Eng' 
land" — and destruction tbllows wherever her con- 
sels lead, in Jlnufi-ica as well as in Ewape. But 
wliat cares slie tor the annihilation of the Creeks? 
What is It to her, tiiat humanity must lament the 
destruction of these Aborigines i Uut l^e cruelty 
of exciting tliem to a war in which she knows they 
must pcnsli« sh -11 be registered to her infamv, and 
add a little to the I'ullness of the cup of her abomi- 
nations — and the world shall rejoice when she her- 
self becomes the prey of that desolation, which tlie 
hardness of her heart and serpent-blooded feeling of 
her rulers, has spread through all nations and people 
that listened to her voice or fell the power of her 


" The storm wliich has been so long gathering', 
and so often predicted by honest, respectable citi- 
zens, h:,'i at lengtli. fallen on our infant and defence- 
leas Sfci<alements. On Monday Ust the Creek In- 
dians rommenced hostilities against us^ and on that 
day reduced one fort at Tansaio, about 15 miles 
from Stoddert ; in which there were between three 
and four hundred persons of every description. Of 
thefse, about one hundred and thirty-five wei-e vwlun- 
tef;;s in the service of the United' States and local 
inditia. 'Tis said the Ibrt was surprised ; and that 
the Indians entered at one of the gates and set firfc 
to an old frame hause in the centie of the pickets. 
All was don; that could be efflcted by cool deter- 
mined bravery ; but overpowered by numbers, they 
were literally butchered, the hotise set on fi^ie, and 
the old men, women and children (who were in an 
upper room.) burnt to death. Our little Sp:irtan band 
sold their lives well, having killed (as stated by the 
fe\v who escaped) about two hundred, and wounded 
many r.iore. Of all that were in the fort, eight only 
have got In, and they e^.caped by cutting down the 
pickets. Under tiie double influence of iTrltish gold 
and furious fanaticism, the savages fdiight in a man- 
ner sc:a'cely t« be credited. The fight was obsti- 
nately maintained tor a longtime ; and the opponents, 
overcome b} fatigue and exertion, loadt-d their pieces 

ChampUiin, and has blocked up the Uritish fleet, 
Tjie shores and fronlier are lined by the New- York 

About 150 or 200 Indian warriors of the Oneida 
and Stockbriilge tribes, for fort George, passed 
through Ciinaiulaiguii between the I4tii and 21st ult. 

The New York militia, called out by tlie late re- 
quisition, hive proceeded with great alacrity to the 
lines. About 800 m-n, arliliery, infantry and rifle- 
m;,n, in full uniibrm, were reviewed by governor 
Tompkins, at W'aterford, on Saturd.iv the 18th ult. 
and highly complimented by him for their good con- 
duct and soldier-like appearance. We hope and be- 
lieve the time is close at hand wh .-n tlie patriotic 
people of tills state will be relieved from the hr.r- 
rassment incidental to their frontier situation, by the 
expulsion of the enemy for all the piirts ailjacent. 

A brigade of New- York militia, 3000 strong, was 

collecting at Canandaigua, Sept. 14 267 light 

dragoons from Fort George had also arrived there ; 
destination unknown. 

It Is stated that many deserters from the enemy 
come into Fort George daily ; it is .also reported the 
Indi ins liave chiefly left tlie army in that neiglibor- 
hood, supposed for ^Inhlen. 

The term of service of the first requisition of the 
Connecticut militia, doing .iuty at ,\e:t'-/.on(/on hav- 
ing expired on the 16th, they marched from the en- 
campment, and paraded through the town and were 
dismissed with the entire .ipprobation of the com- 
manding- officer. Indeed, tliey appear to have per- 
formed their duty in a manner highly lionorablc to 
themselves andtiieir country. A delightful trait ot 
character in their ofiicers not be forgotten. — 
By some new arr:<ngement in the pay-master's de- 
partment of the district being contcmphded, 'he 
men could not be paid at the moment of disnus.-,ai — 
the oiHceis, therefore, stejjped forward, and witli 
great liberality, made up a considerable part of the 
monies due to the privates, and divided it equally 
among them. 

Brig. gen. IVilliams has reached "Washington city 
from Fort George, " under orders for the 6lh milita- 
ry district." He furnishes the most pleasant in- 
formation of tlie state ot the troops at that place, 
in higii discipline, full of ardor and impatient 
for business, and completely divested of party, 
either of a politic.d or iiidividu.d character, ll'il- 
kinson was receiveu with the best possible good dis- 

Two British officers made their escape from the 
United States cantonment at Piltsfield (Mass.) a 
few days ago, by -.lie usual " influence," in bribing 
the centlnels. Tiicir names are William Kent anii 
Alexander Graig— 100 dollars reward are oflered for 
eacii of them. Another officer, a prisoi«?r, who 
" some how or other," had enjoyed an extensive 
range, and was treated with dinners and suppers *in 
the highest stile in several parts of the country, has 
left his cars at a pillory for forgei-y ; ami hasW.ncc 
been put into close confinement. 

A London jiaper of July 31, says " Bv the con- 
voy which IS now assembling at Spithead, d(?U»ch- 
n.ents wiil be sent fi)r every English regimeiV^ now 
in Xori ii America. Officers will also be sent iov the 
Canadian militia, with a great quantity of n;.^ aland 
mili'.u-y stores." 

The Cheek Indians..— The friends of lu^ man it} 
have manifold cause to regret the horrid te de tha'l 

totlows, communicated in a letter from froiij Si. Sie- .leiiheraieiy and shot each other down, or were mu- 
phms, M. T. dated the 4th idt. and coiifirmct i ia sub- J tuaUy disijlitchtd ky Us bayonet aiid U^mahuwt* 


"The brave and much lamented m.ijur Beaseley 
commanded, and was killed at the gate, very «arly 
in the action; at tins place sixty-three of the sa- 
vages were killed. Not an officer of the fort survived 
—they fell bravely discharging- their duty to their 
.country. Tliis disastrous event has stricken a panic 
into many citizens east of Tombigbee, and they are 
flying' in every direction. At this place we have made 
a stand, and must either repulse the enemy or share 
the fate of those who fell in the fort at Tenasio." 
It is announced oilicially, in the British papers, 
tirtt commodore Jiodg-eis captured his B. M. Ijrig 
Cruiztr, of 18 guns, ofl'tiie Shetland Islands abou' 
the 1st oi' August. The Oberon was in company, bu^ 
escaped, it- was calculated that Rodgers had dune 
infinite damage to the Bi'itish trade to Greenland 
and in the norv'^h ; which has also been vexed oy 
several privateers •• some are also off' tlie Hebrides. 
It is understood that commodore Itodgers lias 
taken the Cruizer inu'> the service of the United 
States, and that she is cnii-ins^ wilh him. It was 
stated, when he left us, th.'t he had on board some 
liupernumeraries to meet a cf>;.)tingency of tliis kind. 
I^dgej's had landed in Scotland (so say the English 
papers) and obtained, supplies of water and live 
stock, for which he paid generouslyi. For a consi- 
derable time he has gi'v-en full employment to twenty 
or thirty of the enemy's vessels of war, and if the\ 
do catch him, he will " cosC them mure than he will 
come to." He is safe — see ro.sTscKiPT, — last page. 

An American frigate (no dou'bt the Congress) was 
lately seen off the coast of Brazil. 

The Essex. — A Jamaica paper «)f August 12, says 
the Esse.v was off Limn, Peru, .iNpril 5, with two 
ships in company, supposed her prizes. 

The enemy are burninjj a grei>.t mAuy fishing boats 
off the eastern coast — seventeen were destroyed in 
one day. 

The U. S. brig Argus is off the l^-nglish coast and 
has captured many vessels. She is a very fasfsailor, 
and happily fitted for the business sh^ is engaged in. 
The British have received accoui its at London 
that the U. S. brig Argus is to cruise ii. » the cliops of 
the channel; where she had intercepited a vessel 
from Madeira laden with wine, which w ;is suffered 
to proceed on account of two lady passet. ger»— but 
every part of the cargo that could be gt ►t at was 
destroyed. Wlut would C'&ci^T^vt have doa e in this 
case } 

The U. S. sloop of war Wasp was laun«. bed at 
Newburyport about 12 days ago. Captain YMx keley, 
late of the Enterprize, commands her. 

The U. S. sloop of war Peacock has been launt 'bed 
at New-York. We have two sloops of war aim ost 
ready to launch at Baltimore ; and the frigate is 
also in very great forwardness. The Peacock is \o 
parry twenty -four guns— twenty-two 32Z6. carro - 
nades and two long 18's. Slie was built in seventy 
two "working days" and is a complete piece of 
workmanship. She is to be commanded by captain 
Warrington, and will be fitted out immediately ; 
having the greater part of her crew already made up 
©f the brave-fellows that sent her name-sake " doim 
in the cellar" — the former crew of the Hornet. 

We continue to receive many new evidences of 
the barbariies of the enemy towards our unfortu- 
nate seamen. Pi-essed by the want of men, he resorts 
to all sorts ofprivations and indignities to drive into 
his service such of our people as have not nerve 
enough to endure his floggings, denials of food, 
exclusion of air, and all that renlers life comfort- 
able, by which mmy are murdered. 

Admiral H'arren wiih his fleet from the Chesa- 
peake, has arrived at Halifax On the 17i,h ult. there 
were -.t that port foui- 74's, two 64's, nine frigates, 
four sloops of war and one schooner. Sixt^-five Ame- 
rican prisoners hid been n»; it to England, in the 
Regulus, as Britisin subjects; and sixteen per- 
sons had been confined in a dungeon, bv order of go- 
vernment, in ret diation for ILutish prisoners con- 
fined by order of the American government. 

M.-. M.tcheil, agent for American prisoners at 
Halifax, has been sent into the country, seven miles 
from th: t place. All accounts from i hence agree 
that tile English conduct themselves worse than a 
gang of cut-throats. 

Lieutenant Budd, late of the Ches.apeake, had 
written to the British agent in Halifax, but his let- 
ter was returned unopened, with this answer — "that 
no communication would be received from him." 

Captain Paiterson, of the Fox fr-gate, has died of wounds he rece.ved at Craney island. Captain 
Hroke, of the Shannon, has not yet recovered. It Is 
said he is about to go home in that ship. By Hidifax 
accounts, the Boxer had only forty men, and the 
Enterprize is made out to be some-sort-ofa frigate. 
When the account of the battle gets to England 
we shall have a pretty tale of it. 

In spite of the blockade of Europe and blockade 
of the United States, our vessels give the enemy the 
"dodge" as heretofore. During the present week 
there have been three very valuable arrivals from 
France, at the northern ports. 

We have not received any additional particulars 
officially, of the battle on lake Erie, tliough a letter 
from commodore Perry is inserted below. An ac- 
count from Lower S.uidusky of the 12th ultimo, leads 
us to believe that yjO o. .soners were taken — the 
British came to the figiv. wiui great reluctance, but 
the Indians forced them into it; being determined 
to see which of the big canoes had the command of 
the lake, or to commence a general massacre. Troops 
were sent from Sanduskyon the 12th to take charge 
of the prisoners. It is reported that Uie infamous 
colonel Elliott is among ihem. 

Leaves changed to laurels. — The Lawrence and 
Niagara were both of th-jm growing in the woods 
last spring on the banks of Uke Erie. Within si.^ 
miiuths they have descended from the forest to the 
lake, changed from trees to vessels of war, and as 
conii.uudore Perry says, " by the blessing of the 
Almit'vhty," been covered with a luxuriance of lau- 
rels, thicker than their natural foliage. [/^. Press. 
Anot.her naval challeNge.-~We have before us a 
K?:tter (tuys the Democratic Press) from one of the. 
ci'vs w of the United States' brigEilerpnze, by which 
sjie had received and accepied a challenge from 
H. 1 >I. brig Young Emulous. Tiie Enterprize is re- 
pair, ng and the battle is to be fought m thirty days 

A cartel has arrived at New-Bedford from Eng- from the receipt of the challenge, which was on the 

land, with prisoners, masters and mates of vessels 
Another with 450 seamen sailed from Plymouth 
August 13. ^ 

Tile crew of the Enterprize were treated with a 
splendid entertainment by the citizens oi Portland. 
As it does "not become a moral and religious peo- 
ple," to rejoice at such victories, the senate of ^Mas- 
sachusetts ought to pass a vote of censjure on the 
imirwrAl and irreligioits inlutbitauts of that lown. 

IStli Sept. 

Copy . of a letter from commodore Peri-y to the secretary 
of the navy. 
t' . S. schooner Aiiel, off Pcilage River, Sept. 20th, 18 13. 

Siu- -Since I last did m^seii: the honor of writing 
\ou th' ' vessels under my command have been em- 
ployed hi moving the army from the camps at 
Portage '"'ver and fort Meigs to Put»in-bay. A con- 
siderable '•"'■''y of tro(/p3 have ali^eady arrived at tliat 



pLxce. General Cass, commanding- at the bny, men- 
tioned to me a few moments before I left him this 
morning, that a man had arrived at Detroit, wIk) 
reported that the Indians had buint tliat place. The 
g-eneral had not seen the man ; two of his officei-s 
conversed with him. 

Very respectfully, I have the honor to be, &c. 


The hon. William Jones, secretary of the nary. 

Captain Oliver. — Though it is very certain that in 
consequence of the behaviour of captain Olivei; the 
bodies of Lawrence and Ludlow were brought to 
New- York by land, we insert the following letter 
which accounts for tlie conduct we reprehended. 
H. *W. ship Valiant, off Gardner's Island, 

30th Avgiist, 1813. 

SiH — ^The weather was so bad yesterday wlien your 
boat arrived with the flag, that I was unwilling to 
detain her the time necessary to reply to your aj^pli- 
cation and that of commodore Bainbridgc, for a pass- 
port for the brig Henry, to convey the remains of tlie 
gallant captain Lawrence, from Salem to New- York, 
and for the brig to be allowed to return to the former 
port. I annex this permission (as suggested by com- 
modore Bainbridge) to the passport by which the 
brig Henry proceeded to Halifax, and I shall at all 
times have particular pleasure in paying attention to 
yoiu" applications that can in any w.ay mitigate the 
inconveniences attending a state of war, which I 
trust as far as depends on us will always be carried 
on in a way not unworthy of the subjects of two fi as- 
aod independent nations. 1 have the honor to be, sir, 
your most ob't sei-v't. 


Commodore Decatur, 
U. S. ship United States, near New-London. 

Oitr Triumphs. — The following excellent article 
is from the Aurora : — 

"According to the London newspapers, our ene- 
mies have paid higher compliments to the valor of 
olir tars than we have done ourselves. Their lamen- 
tations o\ev the Guerriere, Java, Macedonian, Frolic, 
&c. &c. have thundered our applause over the uni- 
verse ; the tone of deep regret has been so universal 
with the boasted masters of the ocean, that its sin- 
gularity must have been noted even at Algiers. Nor 
is our glory emblazoned only by the British lamen- 
tation — our fame is spread abroad by the tower guns 
and by British illuminations. Formerly, when a 
Duncan, a St. Vincent or a Nelson gained a signal 
victory, and destroyed a Dutch, a Spanish or a;French 
fleet, the tower guns wei"e fired, but never were, there 
rejoicings at a victory over a squadron or ship — 
until the capture of the Chesapeake. Then Indeed, 
were the tower guns fired and Jie Bow bells rung, 
and well they niight, for it was an unusual thing to 
triumph over Americans — what an encomium did 
those guns pay to our tjirs ! what a peal of joy did 
the bells ring in the ears of Americans ! Yes, the 
bravery of our tars is such, that we have compelled 
the enemy to proclaim it themselves ; so difficult 
Was it to gain a single victory or a single ship froui 
us, that when gained, as much was done to celebrate 
it, as used to be done after a battle in which twenty' 
ships of the line were tukeo. 

But short is the triumph over tbe Chesapeake ; 
doubly dull and heavy wiU the British feel, after 
their short-lived joy, when they learn the fate of the 
Boxer and their fleet on lake Ei'ie : the tower guns 
and Bow bells will be thought of every day more and 
more by tiie "thinking peo]ilt:" when they learn our 
new triumphs : our victories will be spoken of, and 
tjioufrht of, ten times more, because oui" loss of the 
Ciicsapc.ake was so much rejoiced at: Glorious. 

cause, which has slich tars to maintain it ! ! Fortu- 
nate seamen, who have a country which will ever 
m.ike your cause its own, which will never make a 
peace until your rights shall be secured and your 
glorious toils rewarded." 

New-London, Sepu 22.— Foiirtet-n deserters from the Afasta 
arrived here on Sunilay last. By their story it appears tliat !»• 
tweeii 12 and 1 o'clock that morning, the boat came alongside the 
frigate fora relief g-dOid, when hy a concerted plan as soon as th# 
ofiic^rsaud crew exo<|)t two men had left the boat, 12 stameii 
juiiipe<l into her and pushed olf; tlie centinel of the gang-way be- 
ing of the number, tlieir design was not immediately i)erceived. 
Tiu-'y rowed under the stem, and thns avoided the ship's gnns ; 
onltrs were given for the centuries to tire ii|K)n th^m, which they 
did wiihoiit injury, aiid the buW fellows answered with 3 cheers 
and pull dawa) ibr the land. The night was very dark : having 
aj);>niaeiicd tlie shoi'e of Fisher's Island, not knowing with certain- 
ty w hi re tlii-y were, they tlirew out their ketch, and remained at 
anchor nearly an hour, when they got under way, rowed down thfe 
south side of the island, and early in the morning got safe into 
Stonii:gton, where they were kindly received, took breakfast, sokl 
tlie boat ami !ier armament, pocketed the cash and proceeiled ti> 
this place. The boat was a tine 12 oared barge, with suiU ; had oi» 
boHni 6 musketc, 10 cutlasses, tw» pair of pistols, with an ample 


On the night of the 21st ult. from 100 to 159 
British troops landed at the Pleasure House on Cape 
Henr\, and compelled a party of about 40 men 
stationed there to retreat; in doing which they had 
six men taken prisoners by mistaking the enemy for 
their own people. No one was killed or wounded. 
The British j?7!w;^erf the affitirby burning the house. 

A frigate and three or four smaller vessels came 
up the b;iy,and anchored off'Smith'sPoint (the mouth 
of the Potomac) on the 24th ult. Tliey appear to be 
moving about in the neighborhood to embarrass tli;e 
trade of the bay and its waters. 

American Prizes. 


*The wind* and seas are Britain's wide domain, 
"Aud Dot a sail, but by ptrituasion spreads .'" 

British tfaval Regi^er. 

576. Brig , from Lisbon for London, laden 

with wool, rice and cotton, captured by the lettet' 
of marque schooner Grampus, of Baltimore, on her 
passage from France, and burnt. 

577, 578. Two small vessels captured by the pri- 
v.ateer boat Terrible of Salem. 

579. Schooner Lilly, from Port au Prince for Lon- 
don, captured by the letter of marque schooner Pi- 
lot of Baltimore, and given up afier taking out some 
sugars, &c. 

580. Brig M-iiy-Ann, from St. Lucie for St. .John's, 
N. B. laden with 180 puncheons of rum, and 14?' 
hhds. molasses, captured by the same and ransomed 
for ^4,000. 

581. Brig , captured by the letter of marque 

General ArmsU-oPi^-, on her passage to France, and 

The cargo of the prize brig Ann, sent into J\'<?w- 
bern b} the Snap Dragon, is advertised for sale. It 
consists of 215 bales, 22 chests, 18 trunks, 43 cases, 
2 boxes, 60 casks, 474 bundles, and 22 cratas of 
English goodi ! 

University of the state of N. York. 


The union of the college of ph}sicians and surgeons, 
with the faculty of physic of Columbia college, so long 
desired by the friends of science, hus at length most 
happily t;! ken place. Li Aprilj 1811, the honorable 
the regents of the university, expressly endeavoreil 
to effitct this in;portant object ; fully impressed as 
they professed themselves to be, " with the advan^ 
tages to the state, which a well organized medical 
school iit New-¥ork must alfbrd." For this purpose 



the regents liew modelled the scliool of medicine at 
that time, witli a view of introducing into il, tlu- 
professors of the medical school of Columbia Col- 
lege, and otlier eminent and distinguished indivi- 
duals ; that thus united in one institution, the medi- 
cal talents of both seminaries, might be a greater 
benefit to the public, aiul still better entitled to t.lie 
patronage and encouragement of he legislature. 

The following arrangement, therefore, has been 
concluded, and will be carried into operation at th^ 
ensuing session of the College of Ph)-sicians and 
Surgeons, which will commence on tiie first Montlay 
of November next, rd iheh" new and spacious build- 
ings, recently completed in Barclay-streLt : 

Anatomy, physiology and surgery, by Dr. Wright 
Post, and Dr. John Augustine Smith. 

Theory and practice of physic, by Dr. Dtivid Ho- 

Clinical surgery, at the New-York hospital, by Dr. 

Clinical practice of medicine, at do. by Dr. William 

Obstetrics and tlie diseases of women and chil- 
dren, with practical illustrations at the lylng-in-hos- 
pital, by Dr. John C Osborn. 

Chemistiy and Pharmacy, by Dr. William J. M'Ne- 

Medical jurisprudence, by Dr. James S. String- 

The principles and practice of surgery, by Dr. 
Valentine Mott. 

Materia Medlca, by Dr. John W. Francis. 

Natural liistory, Including botany and mineralogy, 
by Dr. Samuel U Mitchill. 

Natural and experimental philosophy, by the vice- 
president of the college, Dr. Benjamin De Witt. 

Tlie lectiu-eson anatomy, tlie principles and prac- 
tice of surgery, the theory and practice of physic, 
and on chemistry, will be delivered daily, and the 
other courses of instruction tJiree times in each 
week throughout tiie session, whicli will continue 
from the first Monday of November to the first 
Monday of March. 

Although the most liberal and extensive sjstem of 
medical and philosopliical instruction has thus been 
provided at this institution, tlie expense of education 
to the candid;ite for medical lionors is not increased, 
beyond that of any other college in the union ; as 
none of the courses are made indispensably neces- 
sary for graduation, and tlie student is at liberty to 
attend any course or courses he may think proper ; 
the professors insisting upon the attainments of the 
candidate and not upon tlie number of coiu'ses nor 
the number of jears he may have attended a,t tiie 
university. Bv order, 

S. BARD, President. 

JOHN W. FRANCIS, M. D. Jieffistrar. 

JVexv-York, September 21, 1813. 

St. Sebastians. The French seem to be acting oa 
tiie defensive ; and though tiie allies were in great 
i^brce m tlie neighhorliood, Bayonne was not consi- 
dered in danger. Anotiier and a later account says, 
that Souit and Sachet had lormed a junction .and 
totally defeated W^-llington. Tills account is pro- 
biiiilv correct. The battle lasted from 4 o'clock in 
ilis morning of the 18th of August until 3 in the 
d'l^'i-noon. The Engllsii had 2,700 killed and lost 
4,O0U prisoners. In tlieir retreat they are said to 
liave burnt a part of the city of Vitoria. The Eng- 
lish head-quarters were at Burgos, at the latest date 
from the armies. 

British tocks, — 3 per cent, consols 57 7-8. 

It was reported una believed in France, that in 
c.ise of a rupiure of the armistice, liijnnparte\vo\AJi 
insf-'ntly act igninst the allies with 800,000 men. 

It is reported that "troubles have broken out in 

It was said at Bordeaux about the 20th of August, 
tliat the armistice had closed and Austria iiad joined 
France — but the late English papers state that the 
E:irl of Aberdeen was about to proceed to Pragice to 
meet the general congress. Another account says 
this was a "stock jobbing" paragraph ; and is false. 

Tlie Catholics of Ireland (says a late London pa- 
per) have determined on making an application to 
the Spanish government for tlieir mediation with 
the British government in tlieir behalf. 

Tue report of the death of Berthiir is co t adicted, 

London, June 14. — A morning paper Contains the 
fi)llowiag paragraph : "A grand Orange Lodge wa.s 

held on Monday, at lord 's, in Portman-squai-e, 

when some distinguished personages were admitted 
members. The Orange iustltutioH promises to be- 
come universal through the empire. 

Perpetval inotion at an end. — Mr. Gobert of Phila- 
delpliia, ,vho lately advertised that he woidd take 
any bet from five to one himdred thousand dollars 
on the feasibility of Mr. RedhefF'er's discovery of 
perpetual motion, was taken up for five thouwind 
dollars, by Mr. Jacob Perkins of Newbiu-yport — 
After making a series of experiments in vain, t» 
construct a moving machine upon Mr. Redhetter's 
self moving principle, he discovered to his infinite 
chagrin, that Mr. Redhefier had in the mean time 
moved himself off, with 20,000 dollars in notes of 
hand given him by Mr. Gobert for his valuable se- 
cret. We umlerstand that Mr. Gobert has acknow- 
ledged his bet forfeited, and is now in pursuit of 
Redheffer, who keeps himself hi perpetual mi.'tion 
to elude him. Bost. J).Jdv. 


By the arrival of the very valuable schr. Grampus 
of Baltimore, at New York, from Bayonne, we have 
very late dates from France and England, but no 
news of importance. The armistice continued,^ but 
nothing had transpired of the proceedings of the 
plenipotentiaries at Prague. "It is only known that 
every thing is done by exchanging notes." The 
emperor of Austria is often there ; and it is said 
will take up his residence in the vicinity. 

In Spain, though our accounts of the late pro- 
ceedings therein are not distinct, it appears that 
Wellington with 150,000 men had defeated Soult 
with 50,000, with great loss to the latter. That the 
allies yet held Pass.ige, and continued the siege of 

if J-% the aid of a Supplement which ac~ 
rompnnies this number, the editor has the 
pleasure to present to his friends an unu- 
sual quantity qf interesting or important 


Com. Rodders, in the President frigate, has arrived 
at A^e-!rpo7't, R. I. after cruizing "all round and 
round" the Hritish Islands, though the sea is tlieirs 
and they have a " a thousand vessels of war." We 
have nothing that can be positively relied on as to 
his cruize- It is said however that he into 
port, a sloop of war and one of his wajesty's rrmed 
schooners, and that he had captured and numned IS 
vessels— Another report says, that he also took and 
destroyed 16 Grcenlandcrs, being 29 vessels m al , 
and that he has got tlie private signals of the Bnltsh. 

We shall have an account of particulars that may 
be relied on next week 

I'flE W EElCLY 11EG18TEE. 


ILvc ohm meminisse hivnbit. — A'nunL. 

Print',- 1 <*inl i)ublisliecl by !l. Niles, Soutli-st. next door to tiie Merciuuits' Coffee House, at $ 5 per (umnm. 

Sketches of I.a Plata. jcontains U.OOO inluibUants, and is tiie sc;at of ;m 

^1 ■ , ^- , ■ • c. ,, /J • •"■c»ui^l!op wliose luitiioi-iiv expends over Uie wliole 

,' III, 1 i- . i- . r .1 "■ *^"' "''"^'^' 1 lie iiimes nave ncodiiced 
zeal lor niluniiation or tlie ' ■ • - ' 

excites u laudable 


^„,„. -p, p, „, , ,. , sums to the iticas of Peri!, but since the wovkmq: of 

couiUrv. I he provinces of V/rt /••/«<« are trequenlh I, I, __„„^ ,.^,_- ■,„,.^ ,„^,' ,, , 1 , i r. 

..„,■ •,. ' , ^ ,. , . I - vnose at r oto>,i na\c tjccn much nei;ltcted. Ikreare 

rcreired to ; and vet we are exceedmt^lv iy:noratU f,„,„,i ,„^,„. ,i„^„„„,,, ,,^ j. ., ^. ^ , .,,. 7. 


of wiiatcver relates to tliem, as to iheir extent,! p^j.^i 
Wealth, pojiulation and resources, &c. To collect 
into one bodv, all the infornialion within his reach, 
the editor has tuken considerable trouble, but 
tiie jealousy of the Spaniards, combining with na- 
tural causes, forbids an iniiniate knouledg'e of 
those regions, at all times desirable, but at this 
time of peculiar interest from tiie struggles of the 
people for indepci!ile?icT. So far as tlie detail goes, 
it ma}' be presumed tolerably correct, for many 
authorities have been consulted and co-inpared. 

The Spanish possessions in America were divided 
into four vice-rovalt.ies, to wit, Mexico, New-Gre- 

nada, Lima and La Plata. 

La Plata is a very extensive region, bounded by 
Amazonia on the north, Uiazil on the east, Patago- 
nia on the south, and (Jliili and Peru on tlie west, 
being 1600 miles long and 1200 wide ; and consisted 
of four great distinct divisicms, or governments, viz. 
Charcas on the north and west, Faraguaii on the 
north and east, liut-nus Jut-es on the south and east, 
Tiiciiimm, wiih the provinces of J\eiv-CkUi, (or 
Chili e.-ilit of the Andes), or the south-west and 
we-t ; each of wliich were subdivided into many 
provinces, districts and govermnents- 

CiiATtcAs, or " South-Peru." This part of the 
vice-royalty of La Plata, like its other great divi- 
sions, had 'its particular governor. The following is 
the account of some of its subdivisions : 

JMoxos, in the north of La Plata, is 600 mile* 
long, from east to west, and 400 broad. The air is 
very hot, but moist, on account of the great rivers 
and forests it contains. Its waters chieHy empty into 
the river Am.Azon. It is a rich and fertile country, 
producing maize, sugar canes, yucas (a plant from 
which the inhabitants make excellent bread,) rice, 
the plunlanos which the Indians consider their best 
aliment. Tliev also raise cotton and coccki, and the 
soil naturally produces the Quinquina, or Peruvian 
bark, almonds and vanilla, Moxos abounds with 
wild animals, such as tigers, bears and hogs, and 
its rivers are well stocked with fish. 

Siuita-Cn/z tie la Sierra, lies on the south of Max- 
OS, and joins Potosj. In addition to the productions 
of Moxos it has a species of the balm, whose great 
leaves serve for thatching the dwellings of the 
natives— from the body of this tree a Hour is ob- 
tained of which they make very pleasant cakes, 
eating them as bread.' This district has a capital ol 
the same name, situate on the banks fxf a no()le r^- 
ver, is tlie see of a bishop, lal. 17, 46, S. :ong. 65, 
14, W. Tiie co-.intry is but thinly ptojiled, the Spa- 
niards having im/j'-rsned a great number of Indians as 
slaves, and transported them to Peru, where they 
sold themselves to work in tlie mines. 

C/nfqiilx(icn, has a ca])ital of the same name, some- 
times called La Plata, on accoimt of the famous 
silver mines in its vicinity. It is situate on the river 
eiiiniao, in lat. 19, 16, s'louff. 63, 40, W. This city 

found many descendants of ttie ancient nobility of 
v.ho still retain some of their former privi- 
leges and are much resjjec'cd by the Indians. 

rotosi is celebrated over the world f(jr its famous 
silver mines— since the yfar 154.-5, that metal to tlie 
value of more than seven Irindi-fd millions of dol- 

hirs, is supjiosed to have been dup; from its moun- 

tain. Its riciics were accidcnt.-dly discovered bv an 
Indian, who laying liold of a shrub to assist hini in 
ascending a steep place, and the sliriib coming up 
by the root, laid open to his view a mass of fine sil- 
ver. The Indian applied to this abundant resource 
fiir some time in secitt ; but at length discovered it 
to a friend, that revealetl it to the Spaniards, who 
first began to work it 1545; 

The mountain of Potosi is in the form of a sugar- 
loaf, ai)out eighteen miles in c rcumference, in 
whicii more than three hundred mines or pits, are 
worked, but many of them are greatly incommoded 
by water The coun+ry round Potosi is dre!ir\ , bar- 
ren and desert ; all tiie necessaries of life are broughi 
from a distance; it is also destitute of wood, and 
the ordinary fuel of tlie hiiiabitants is transporteiS 
from thirty to sixty miles ; pieces of timber, sixteen 
inches square and Ihirly-four feet long, is stated, b/ 
Helms, to Cost the enormous sum of two hundred 
pounds sterling. Tlie markets are well supplied, 
but every thing, except silver, is dear at Potoiife 
The poi)ulation of tlie city is variously stated. 
Helms, wlio resided here for several moiitJis, esti- 
mated its iiUiabitants at 100,000 ; but some other 
authorities rate them as low as 25,00O. The former 
seeiiH the nearest the truth ; particularly when wo 
consider that Potosi is the seat of the administr.-)- 
tion of all the mines, and h:is a very great comnierco 
with the Ulterior. Potosi, witli several adjoining 
districts, were formerly considered as a part 6? 
I'erti, and its greatest trade is at praseiit with Lima, 
Sicdaica, Orcoa, Jcimpuraes, Cuyata, Coeliahawbct 
(a very populous and rich district, emphatically 
ailed the granary of Peru, producing v:,st quan- 
tities of grain, and some gold) Ccranga", I'urco^ 
.Itacavia and Lipe^, are the chief subdivisions oi 
Charcas, not yet described. They have mines oT 
gold, silver, copper, tin and lead. In Carangas a 
mass of sih'er weighing seventy-five pounds was 
found a years ago ; Ijut in Porco a (juantity of 1 irgiii 
copper, estimated to be wortli three millions of dol- 
lars, was discovered — allum and salt arc also found 
in these countries, with quantities of sulpher an^ 
nitre, which are juanufactured into gun-powdc:, 
Tlie Ciiarcas honey is celebrated; it is cliie/ly coi- 
iected in Cayata. Hoj-ses, horned cr.ttlc and sheeo 
are numerous in these district.;, and, in general, they 
are well supplied with grain and fruits ; and make i'. 
good deal of wine and sugar. White cojiper, load- 
stone and iron are found in Lipcs. Of the pop'ilatiou 
of those places we have no data whereon to form a-i 
opinion — but tliey are in generid thinly inliahited-^ 
.having large saline glaiusj and imrr.eiKC forests. 



PATiAr.FAT, tniciiip; ill a greal^ extent of cotintiy, 
bounded on the tast by Brazil, is very imperfectly 
known and chiefly possessed by the aborigines. It 
takes its name from the great river Paraguay one of 
the branches of the river f.a Plata. The wiiole coun- 
try is he-au-tifMlly watere.l, but the southern part is 
barren and swainpy. It Ikis few or nb mines, whicii 
jKn-haps may acount for our' great ignorance of the 
country. It produces the sugar cane, cotton, wild 
cinnanson, rhubtirb, vaniHa, cocriinenl, and various 
kinds of fruit and grain ; but is chiefly f-tmons for a 
certain herb called nuite, or the tea of Paracrvmi, 
exporting 100,0f>0 arr(;boes, of S.'Iib. each, to i'ern, 
alone, every year, witli large quantities to Chili, and 

I reached with the eye, thmigli nenrly two hundrefij 
and fifty miles from tke sea. Its environs are rich 
and fertile, and the air so pure and salubrious as ti» 
give the n.ame to the city. Buenos Ayres is the em-t 
porium of trade with Peru and Chili, cm-led on by 
great caravans of horses, waggons and miiies. The 
city is pretty well buik, and contains, according to 
the best authorities, about 45,000 inhabitants. Sir 
Home I'opham, who captin-ed the pLice in 1806, sta- 
ted its population to be 70,000. The dress and man- 
ners of the people are the same aS in Spain, but a.- 
great proportion of the inhabitants arc Creoles, i. e. 
f)orn in America of .Spanish parents. By a good post- 
olRce establishment,. Buenos Ayres corresponds witlt 

other iilaces. A decoctiv)n of it forms the common |the most distant places in lia PlaUi, Peru and Chili. 
di"ink of all who can obtain it, a»tea does in Clvina. JTiie city is abundantly supplied with all kinds of 

In Paraguay are many wild beasts, j:iguars, cou 
gu-ars, bear.s, apes and monkeys — the latter are eaten 
by the IndLms. 

..Jssamption, t)ie residence of the gnvernor and see 
of a bishop, is the c;i[)ital, situated ari the river I'a- 
vagnay, containing about 20,'J'JO inlKibitants. Lat. 
26, 0, 8. long. 57,' 40, W. Tlie air is pure, tempe- 
rate and healthy, and the trees are always green. — 
Pro.n hence to Buenos Ayres is 840 miles. 

Paraguay is famous for the settlement of the Je- 
suits, founded in the beginning of tlie seventeentli 
century, uruler a ijrant frorn Piiilip III. They under- 
took to make pronely tes to the churCih, and open a 
new source of wealth to the mother country, and 
flocked thither in considerable numbers. The) 
foi'med many jirosperous establisliments among the 
Indians, teacliing tliem to apply tliemselves to agri- 
culture and the arts. In process of time tliyey acquired 
a wonderful ascendancy over the people, esercisiirg 
absolute dominion in civil as well as ecclesiastical 
matters, and are said to have instiaicled them in mi- 
litary discipline. They boasted they had converted 
550,000 families ; tliey labored witti the accustovnerl 
zeal of the order, and erected towns and establislied 
schools — and manufactories. In 1757 a part of the 
country being exchanged with Portugal for the co- 
lony of -St. Sacram.ent, the Indians took up arms to 
maintain the possession ; but were defeated by tlie 
Spaniards, 2,000 of them being kHled. In 1767 the 
Spanish court expelled the Jesuits from South Ame- 
rica, and placed tile natives of Paraguay on the same 
footing as the otiier Indians. 

BuF.vos ArnKs. — The audience of Buenos Ayres 
comprizes a large tract of country on botii sides the 
Rio del ''lata. The eastern is crossed by t!ie 
Uranguay, and has many mountains ; the other part is 

provisions, and is well known as a place of great 
trade. Tiie chief exports are gold, silver and copper, 
with tobacco, cotton, wool, and wax, ancl 
great quantities of hides and tallow. Buenos Ayres 
was founded in 1535, by Mandoza, hut afierwards 
abandoned, and in 1582, rebuilt by a new colony. 

Mmitc Video is a thriving and prosperous settle- 
ment on the river, 1.50 miles below Buenos Ayres^ 
and about 60 from the sea. Its chief trade is in hides 
and tallow. It has of late been much frequented, 
and become a place of great export. This city has 
Iwen the great asyhim of the tories of La Plata, and 
underwent several sieges of the patriots. At our last 
accounts from country it was again besieged, 
and t!)c prosjiect of its'fall Was higlily Mattering. It 
seems the tory fleet has always had tlie command of 
tlie waters of La Plata, which has much retarded 
and obstructed the operations of the Bvcnos Jiyreans^ 

San Sacrumeiita, Santa Fe,^ Corientes, Los Jieyes, 
atstl Cividad lienl, are also considerable to7i>ns. 

TucciMix, a pleasant town, 600 miles from Buenof? 
Ayres, in the interior, is the see of bishop and has 
three menasteries, and is surrounded by groves of 
orange and citron trees in continual bloom. The pro- 
vince, or government, of Tuciiman extends to the. 
Andes ;■ the northern part of the high land„ is cold 
ii> tlve winter. In the southern part are many lake.^ 
afld swamps. Its greatest rivers are the S.alado, one 
of tlie branches of the Rio del Plata, and the Dolce, 
which empties itself in the Inke Porongas. 

Sait% in kt. 25, 25, S. long. 66, 30, W. has a ca- 
thedra'^, seven churches, and several monastic estab- 
lishments, with a magnificent town house, and a con- 
venient and spacious market place. It contains 500 
Spanisli families, and the whole number of its inha- 
bitants are about 9000. It is the seat of agreat tran- 

an immense plain, fxteiiding to the base of the Andes !sit trade with Potosi, Peru andChili. Salta is thecapi- 
and rrcquenily impregnated with salt and nitre. jtal f>f Tucuman, and the residence of the governor. 

/Rivera. — T;ie chiefrivcrs of Buenos Ayres are the llie otiier towns of the greatest note, ai-e Ji/jw\ 
Plata, Par.ana, Sabado, A'ermego and tTrangu.ay.— | with 3000 inhabitants; Raya— San Fernaiido, Sain: 
There are many other rivers and powerful,\. Jarpie^r, Sa7i Mig~iiel and Cordova. Tlie last named 
the whole country being- intersecte<l with them ; few i place contains 6000 inhabitants, of whom 4000 are 
however l)enig in the great jilain just sjjoken ofj negro slaves. It is a clffan well built town ; and the 
compared with the other parts of the audience. [streets are paved, which is not the case in an}- other 

Winds. — The west wind at Buenos Ayres, is cal-lcity or town in La Plata. Tlie cathedral is a costly edi- 
led Xhc pampero, because it passes over a plain nine'fice, and the private houses handsome and spacious., 
hundred miles long, denominate*! the Pampas, inha- ! At R.unanso, 60 miles from Cordova, commences. 
biicd by many tribes of migi-atory Indi.ans. The west | a saline plain, 210 miles long, tlie most part of whicU 

Avind crossing the plain and meeting with nothing to 
resist its progress, acquires great im]~-etuo.sity, and 
is much dreaded by the people on account of iLs ra- 
vages : it is particularly dangerous to the shipping. 
Buenos .lyres, the capital of t,he whole province of 
La Plata, situate in lat. 34, 34, d. long. 58, 26, W. 
was the rcsideacc of tlie vice-roy and see of a bisiiop. 
The vico-roy's palace and the cathedral are spoken 

IS barren and desert, tlie whole ground being cover- 
ed witii a white incrustration of salt, bearing no 
plant but the sal soli ka/i, which grows 12 feet high. 
La Paz, situate in th^ north of the pi-ovince of 
Tucuman, is a populous city liaving 20,000 inhabi- 
tants, w!io carry on :i great "trade in the tea of Para- 
guay. Gold abounds in its neighborhood, but the 
miii'cs are feebly worked. About 50 miles from this 

of as being very splendid and magnificent building-s. I city is tlie lake of Tituaca, the largest in South 
Jt st.ands on a noble stream of water, a short distance | America, b«iiiig SUmiks long and in some places a9 
•t)\>m the grtai liiver, wliose opposite ah«re eaiuiot be j iTKiny miles broad. 



^Rvzmi, TiEirARKS. — Gold and silver mines are the. on tlie throne. Nevertheless I do not forget i 
chief sources of riclies to Ln Plata. At present 30 irtm o' German blood ; biit this circumstance, indeed, 
of g'old, 27 of silver, 7 of copper, 2 of tin luid 7of;enbuMCf:s, rather than diminishes my graiinide, for 
-lead are worked. The productions of tlie country ^ it keeps pi-esent to my mind the fact, that i mx\ a n;L- 
have been generally noticed in the preceding i-e- |tive of this country by the favor of its iniuLbitants, 
marks. The prodi:^'tons number of wild horses and! and not by accident. For eigliteen years, 1 have 
homed cattle which rove on the pluii'.s of La Plata, witli mucli attention, marked tlie effects of tlie 
are well known ; so numrn-ous are they that they are i French revolution. I Imve, i-easoninc;: from analogy, 
killed merely for tlien- hides and tallow, and from ! anticipated still more fatal effects, than those nhicb 
«ne to two millions are thus destroved annually. — (liad already taken place, every day's experies'.ce 
AVild dogri, descended from the domestic animal,; showing that my vlevrs were not fallacious; audi 
are somunerous m BO!T>e parLs of the country as to! have evei- maintained, that if the violent and wide 
become the terror fif tht inliabitants. They live in ; spreading plague by which we were assailed, were 
holes in the ground, and prey -on tlie cattle. Atinot resisted wiih proportionate violence, universal 
Buenos \yres tlie winter begins in June, accompa- destruction must be the in2v',t;d>le result. 'We are 
nied witli much rain and thunder and lightning ; not, indeed, met to sit in judgment on past event.-?, 
but here it is mdd, and indeed, generally so through! but reference to them does not seem out of place, 
the whole country of Plata. The j^opidation of Lajas tending to impel us to counsels calculated to pror 
Plata has been stateil at tlu-ee millions ; but v>'e pre- mote a successful termination of tliat great coiUest 
sume the estimation is a great deal too high, per- iw wliicli we have been so long engnged, in which 
flaps one halt^ioout one tenth of tiie inhabitants wearesUll, unfortunitely engaged, but from which 
are native Spaniards, four tenths Creoles, aud the we have now better prospect than ever of extricating 

Test Indians and negroes. I'he aborigines are gene- 
rally a mild and timid race of people, jiatent and Ka- 
borioiis, and capable of c-ndiiring the most incessant 
Joil, soon outdoing the negrces. The Spaniards and 
Creoles are spoken of as lazy and indolent ; -ever on 
the stretch to indulge tliemselves in some new lux- 
ury or ple.isure, but inattentive, heedless and ci-uel. 
The Jlbipons, are a warlike nation of Indians, 5000 
strong, residing in the audience of Buenos Ayres, 
who have as yet presened an entire independence. 
Tiiey fight on horse-back anned with lances. When 
a warrior dies, they sacrifice his liorses on his tomb, 
as if to serve him in tlie other world. They pluck 
the hair from the forehead so as to make them ap- 
pear bald, and tear out their beards by tlie roots. — 
There are many other independent tribes of Indians 
who pay little, if any, reverence to the Spanish 
jiame, not having felt the force of their power — but 
they inhabit countries where gold and silver mines 

our.selves with advantage and honor. f.ipplavses.J 
Perhaps nodiing can be more mortifinn^ than a con- 
trast of what Germany was at the commencement of 
the French revolution, iii-ul what she has since been. 
At tlie foi-mer period, mighty in arms, and elate i 


ha])C-, siie menaced that])o\t-er, which has since over- 
run her soil and enslaved her sons. Austria and 
Prussia, and all her otlier powerl'ul .states, in combi. 
nation far the avowed piirpr/se of (fuelling the hifioltnce 
of French PKJiocHAcr: — nothing was contenii>iated 
but liie complete tlis-meiii/>er/ih^/i( or aini/hiiaiionjj/' that 
nation ! Since then (but I forbear (rom entering mi- 
nutely into the afflicting detail) suflice it to say, that 
by a aingvlar 'revolution of hhinan afflairs, Germany 
h IS fallen beneath the yoke of that power, v/hos'e 
;^qnadrons had passed lier best protected lines, at 
wiiose approach her capitals had trembled." 

"The Deliverance of Europe" like the " legitimacy 
of princes," is one of the great renting pin-asesof 

are unknown. At Monte Video the Rio del Plata is j «^' ''^*' EngUnh—Sind John JRidl and his '"calves" 
so wide that, fi-^m a vessel in the middle, the land; |'«"t and foam, and fret and frot'^, and whine «nd 
cannot be discovered on either side. The water of 

this river is turbid. It was discovered in 1515 by Jno. 
Diaz de Solis, who supposed it an opening through 
which he could reach tlie East Indies. Tiie varitnis 
exports from La Plata are supposed to be worth from 
£ix to eight millions of dollars ^ec fl«»ww, of wliick 
about one half are in metals. 


'^The Deliverance of Europe 

We have felt it right frequently to exhibit to 

oleat about it, as though the destinies of nations 
were at their bidding, and no one cared frr religion 
and liberty but tliemselves, the Phcirinees or the 

It appears from the speech of the "royal duke" 
above quoted, ti\ it Great Britniii, assisted by the 
tyrants of the coniinent, succeeded in "delivering^' 
France of her '"nEMOCRACv.'' Rut the monarchy 
pleases them no better. The groaning creatures ymt 
me in mind of the culprit that tlie Irisli drnminer was 
Hogging, who cried, "a little higher" and "a little 
scorn the wicked or silly politicians of the United jloww" until tlie patience of the executioner was ex- 
States who preach to US about "legitimate princes ;*''hausted, and he exclaimed, " By , let me strike 

for we hold, that all princes are politically ifUgiti-\ where I will, there is no such tiling as jileasing a ou.*' 
mate, and believe that a large majority of tlieni are j Nor will they be satisfied until the power ofFn.nce 
a\so naturally so. Tiie whole are "usurpers,"-. — j is dissolved, and lier territory partitioiunl 
and it was the grand object of those wlic ar-e ijow] them, as originally designed b} the conspirators at 
^in the queer language of the day) contending for\Piliutt. 

the "liberties of Europe" to have destroyed lih/crty I ha\e always believed that Great Jiritain was the 
in France, and partition that territory, whose rjopii| immedi;ae instrument of ..V«,<i'i/<'&»'s authority. H:-J 
lation has caused their own to be laid off, or blotted the vile confederates against liberty, permitted 

France to have managed lier own aliair:;, there 
every humi.n probability that she now vt'ould have 
had a republican govej-nment ; or, at least, thai the 
race of the Jioinbons, inuier a liberal constitution, 
would have administered the law, within tiie eld 
boundaries of the empise. Seeing t'ney have i)roi!glu 
about the sad, c.i -n-e, t!ie ptople of the t'. 
States, as republicans d;,'! friends offi'ecdom, ]5ity 
them, until signs of repentance appear.' — -Nay, let 
the libertycides sutler tu the vei'v extremity of en- 
durjuiGv; — i<*L them wiiiiie over tiiwae eviib iuilicted 

from the map. But some loving "England and mo 
iiarchy" too well to believe me, denied all Uiis. I 
will now give thetn royal authority for the matter, 
which their allegiance will not permit them to doubt. 
it is an extract from the speech of Ernest Augustus 
Guelph, ALIAS duke of Sussex, delivered at a public 
jneeting held in London on the 22d April, for the 
purpose of raising subscriptions to assist the Ger- 
mans in recovering their independence. 

"The debt of gratitude I owe this countiy is vast. 
TUe people of this country have placed wly fiunily 



cfi thjTTV-elves thit they would have he pe:l o i Jio 
tJiev. They are "paid in tlieir own coin." The^ 
beijan, and have continued, the ciuan-el — /hcv first 
invaded France — they would Jiavc partitioned her 

A'ld who re they tha^ are to "deliver Europe.-" — 

-Heaven defend 

Jtunsia ! — Vitnaia .' .' — Knjland f.'J- 
Uie i)cople from sucli deliverers ' — 

trio of pow- 

ers eacli as i-apacioiis as Bonaparte, and, hy cumbina 
lion, nnicli more to be dreaded b)- the civilized 
V'orld. The gross population of the first is ratlier 
below tiie level of oui-nt;g-ro slaves; they have less 
frei'dom, are less intellii^ent, and infinitely more 
barb.u'ous and uncouth. True it is, that a good 
deal has latterly been done to aniv-liorate their con- 
diliot), but the work of a centiuy will not place 
on as good a footing as the hluckn liave, in all tlie 
iiilddle and eastern states of America. Let Russia 
"delix'er" her own people before she volunteers to 
give "freedom" to others — let her "cast the beam 
out of her own eye," and shevv ;'.n example of rerj^'ard 
for the"liberties of Europe," l)y I'estoring' to the 
7'o V.S' ilieir violated country ; wliom she, m villainou- 
coiipuictioa wall Prnsisia and Atiatvia, "deliv*,red" 
from ,a state of comp.irative freedom and properity, 
to t'le slavery and misery of her ov,n suijjects. As 
to England, iiuly and happy England, let lier "de- 
liver" her own poor hoitSen, k'^min^ with one fiflk of 
her -wliolf lie^jph: — "deliver" Ireland — "deliver" India, 
where she holds a ]>0|)ulati')n. in vile«t durance 
as g-reat as ihit lionaparie lords it over. Shall 
titese preach moderation lo tiie "Corsican," or charg-e 
A'V/i widi ambition P — Wiiy, it is like a veteran bawd 
lecrurinjj on chastity, and should have the same 


wh it '— 

eJeliTerance of Europe /" — To wliom ? For 
1 canirot tell, nor will they themselves say. 

Does any one believe that the nations of Europe 
Want (liis "deliverance i"" Are 100 millions of peo- 
pie to be conquered and enslaved by one man ? — I 
b^^lieve that in tlie "change of masters" they liave 
have been l)enefit ted, else Bonaparte could no more 
hold France, itself, tlian 1 coidd, nuich less be look- 
ed-up to from the siiores of the Vistula. JJutthis 
is the "deliverance" that is really meant — tfie deli- 
•verii of Uritiah goods at the ports of the continent, 
and nothing else. Are all the natioiiLi so insensible 
to their "d'^plorable situation" as not to know it, un- 
til their rulers are enlightened by Jiritish bribes, 
or bullied into understanding by the terror of the 
Jiritish nvmri ? — Who of them have gone foi'ward of 
their own accord {|)artially in iS7)(«» excepted) lo 
fight against A'apoleon • ♦Xot one I — Their "patrio- 
tism" never moved until England ■.i]^A\cd the "essen- 
tial oil" oi'J'i-ecdom, b)- subsidy C()rru])ting those in 
authority. She, "magnanimous nation," is willing 
to "deliver" any body, unless she can bold him lor 
her own use — Christian, Jew, Tar/c or Pagan ,■ wor- 
siiijipers of the triiii (lou or the idol Juggernaut : 
they arc all as one in the scope of her benevolence — 
and any j^eople may freely have the title of "patriots" 
contending for "tiie religion and liberties of Eu- 
lope," even the savages residing on the North-West 
coast of America, provided the\ will take up arms 
on her side, and hkceivk ukh M.\NfiAiTi hks. 15'it if 
u ly rtf ise to do both, tiiey are denotmced as being 
under \.\te i»Jlue/ice of France. As "the bulwark of 
the religion yve profess," (meaning the Protestant 
religion) — she fights against "j)opery" in Ireland, 
aiid defends it as the "holy church" in fipuin and 
Portugal— uciy, a little while ago, the king's own 
regiment of guui-cLs were doing duty at Home to pro- 
tect tile verv ])er.ion f)f the supreme pontiff, whom 
bliecdls "A"XllCilia.ST."And further, she kicked 
tiur aucesfors Jivm liieii- homes aud lutivt country, 

lor pi-ofessing that very religion that she is called 
tiie "bulwark" of. Here is a "deliverance" in i/irre 
ways ! — The last, we admit, was a bles.sod deliver, 
aiice, and we humbly thank that great Pi-ovidence 
\vh() directed otu- fathers here to build up a living 
.-iltar where every man may worship according to his 
own conscience, free of offence and safe from perse- 
cution. Besides, she would also h-tve "delivered" us 
of our libertv, as is recorded in the Declaration of 
Inde]>endence. She is for "delivering" every body. 
Her gallant admiral, with forty sail of vessels of 
war, and a land force of 4,000 men, "delivered" 
several undefended villages on the Chesapeake to 
the flames, and a good many women to rarnsliment 
— and he "delivered" u])wards of 100 negroes from 
their old inasters in J^lanjland and Virginia to new 
masters in the West India islands, with tlie common 
purpose that all iier "deliverances" have ; which is, 
to make money out of them. 

J'or the deliverance of Europe, in the honest 
meaning of the words, I liave as much zea] as any 
man— but I want it delivered into the hands of the 
people, who, by their own free suffrages, might re- 
gulale their own affairs as to them seemed expedi- 
ent. France would have had this liigh and glorious 
privilege, and it might and would have extended to 
other nations, but for that conspiracy the "royal 
dwke" sjiciiks of. England has been the soul of the 
crusade against freedom ; and is respon.sible- befi're 
iieaven and posterit\ for the enormities of the French 
revolufion, and all the w.ars that liave followed it. 
Until the allied powers interfered to "deliver" I'rance 
of her " fi'ti/iiocvnc;/," by insurrections within and ar- 
mies without, there w:,s every pros]>ect of a h:ip]jy 
termination to the labors of the illustrious men that 
planned her emancipation from a state of sl.ivery 
that for centuries had been the scoff of Englishmen. 
But it belongs to history to investigate the causes 
that led ,Xapoleo7i to the throne ; and we have only 
to add, that if England can go on to purchase the 
kings for the " ileliverance of Europe," there is 
much probability that the whole country ma\' be "de- 
livei'ed" into his hands. The continent desires peace 
— long enough has the " blood of the people fattened 
their corn-fields," and, worn out M'ith sufferings, they 
will natureU' cleave to that power who can com- 
mand it. To prevent this, we hope and trust that 
the career of Engloind has nearly closed — that the 
nations may learn wisdom and refuse her bloody 
bribes — cultivate and cherish their resources, and, in 
their on-n quarrel^ avenge the insults and restrain the 
ambition of France. 

Britisli Jurispnidciicc. 

The uprightness and independency of the Bri- 
ti-s'h judiciary has been remarked and comment- 
ed upon, as though the judges were gods ; and 
compared, some years ai^-o, with the judges of conti- 
nental Europe, they certainly deserved a very con- 
siderable part of tiie high reputation they held. — 
Hut "like produce like effects" in all coun- 
tries, and in proportion as the influence of the peo- 
ple has decreased, and the influence of the ciown 
increased, in England, this boasted palladium be- 
tween the rights of the former and the will of the lat- 
ter, has lost its virtue. Between individual English- 
men, the courts of (rrcat liritain have jet some 
claims to praise; — but when the court is interested 
on the one side, or an Englishman stands opjiused 
to "foreigner," there is not much greater chance of 
iusdcc, than in the judicatories of some other na- 
tions, who. "rej/s.'cr" the decrees of their sovereign. 

In regard to the British udndmlty courts this ob'* 



sprvation applies with immediate force ; though, it 
once was thecusloni of the judges to make the law 
of nation'^ their ii;uide ; and to do justice according' 
to luw. But latterly, and for several years past, an 
order from tlie king-'n ministers lias established their 
decisions, fixing tlie law. They ave now, in fict, 
n • more ind>'pendcnt of the crown tlian the sweeper 
of lord Cdstlc-recis^h's office is of lord Castlereagh — 
"a servant of servants." 

Many trials before the redoubtable sir IViUiam 
Scott establishes the truth of all that we say : — .'nd, 
as to the vice-fidmiralt\- co\irts at Bermuda, Halifax, 
Gibr:A ar, &c. Sec. earth does not hold sret of knaves 
more vile than they. 

These remarks occurred on reading tlie following 
letter : adversity is tlie best sciiool — h:id tlie writer's 
licence protected iiim, we should not have heard tlie 
trutlis liP enfuld-s. 
J'.x'ract of letters from Gibraltar, dated July 19 £^23. 

— my eves are opeived — T no-w see the grossiiess of the 
folly this system of warfare exposes. Tlie innocent 
are made to suflevfor the guilty. 

The ship Madoc of New Bedford, with 5000 bar- 
rels of floiu' was condemned two da\s since. Thus 
are -we Jatfeniiig the Philistines. It i.s not yet too 
late to make them feel the power of the United 
States, which now they ridicule. Should congress 
at their next session immediately prohibit the expor- 
tation ol' provisions, S;c. our riglits would be ac- 
kiKJwledged before the adjournment." 

British Depredations. 

We Inve a long list of articles ]>ilfered bv tlie 
Hritish during their landing hi S*. .Vfary's county, 
Maryland, near Point Look-out. Such as knives, 
folks, and spoons ; cnmbs, sugar-bowls and handker- 
ciiiefs ; tea-cups, scissors and liaiid-saws ; — besides 
"Vou Will jierhaps be surprized to leiirii that weltlie c-attle and sheep, with p'^jultr}-, as usual. Ti,e 

' seizure of ihe Litter, under some circumstances, 
may be excused ; but the meannesss of capturing' 
tlie otliers cannot be reprehended too severely. As 
a c«utionto watchfulness, as well as to express the 
abhorrence of 'be people at tlie depredations of the 
enemy, the folio^ving saying is likely to coine into 
use " Take care of your spooxs, the Ei)ffli.s/i. are 

h.iVe becii cuptiu-eci, our licence notwitlistanding ! 
we were taken in sight of the rock- Alt iiough eve- 
ry remonstrance Wis made tliat reason and justice 
suggested, agunst sending the ship to anoliier port, 
s!ie was immediately manned and ordered here, as 
the British ii »ve not yet established any prize court 
in Lisbon. Siie is libf-Ued and to be tried in a fev.- 
days "for breach of blockade," — tliat is the ostensi- 
ble gi'ound, i)ut the real one, his majesty's officers 
cannot p-iv cuib in the mess unless they are indulged 
with plucking the Yankees, as they call it, and if 
not lawful prize, piracy is sanctioned by this I'eligious 

Another sliip was taken at anchor in [mrt, and sent 
here. What steps will our government adopt to- 
wards the Portuguese, for permitting those out- 
rages ? Their flag should l>e inadmissible in our 
ports, until such wrongs be redressed. 

Several Spanisii, Portuguese and English vessels 
are now fitting out for the United Slates in Cadiz 
and Lisbon, some of them are to go via Havanna 
and Brazil ; those vessels and cargoes are altogether 

coming .'" for it is a fact tliat one of tiie officers, 
when some part of the squadron was near the iiead 
of the Chesajieake bay, went very orderl}-, and " re- 
ligiously" and "magnanimously" to a lady's cup- 
board, in her presence, and there, with that delibe- 
ration whicii British officers are so remarkable for 
on trying- occasions, did gallantly seize upon and 
make prize of, all her tea-spoons, thrtisting them in- 
to Iiis pocket wilii tlie dexterity of a Jiat^inglon. 
7\ow we do not much mind the taking of a few combs, 
if they will n'ake a good use of tliem ; for tJiey re- 
quire a good deal of combing to divest themselves 
of tlieir verminous appendages ! 

We have also many disgraceful particulars of their 

conduct on tlie shores of the James Rircr in Virgi- 

on British account. They say that riom experience jnia. -Much has been said, but the thousnndtli part 

those vo)"ages answer capitally. Thus we enricli of their enormitii.s are not recorded. Tlie foUowinl^ 

the eneni)' whom we should distress in self-dei'enoe 
The marquis de Casa Yrujo has been sent in here 

case deserves to be remembered Four officers, one 

of them su]jposed to be a captain, with a large party 

also, in tlie ship Eugenia of and from Philadelphia, of armed men, wont to the house o^ Jiicliard Young 
boiuid to Cadiz, from off that port, v/ith a special! of M'arwick county. Mr. Young ha^ ing lieard it 
lice. ice from a,dmiral Warren to remove his jjroperty j said tiiey wovdd not plunder unless the owners fled, 
and famllv. I fear her fate, as she has a large and 'determined to stand by liis property ; and being an 

valuable cargo; many people here as well as the 

old man thouglit lie might preserve it. Tliey enter- 

naval officers observe "she is loo valuable toescape." ed, and while one party was scouring the fields for 
Tiie judge liaving heard tlie owner of the ship sheep and cattle, tlie othe^-s were bre.<king open the 
was born in France, and that lie was rich, and tl_iat|desk and drawers, and stealing the table linen, bed- 
governor M'Kean the marquis's father-in-law is a Vlothes and whatever else tiiey took a fancy to ; and 
democrat, affords ample cause of condemnation to i battering into splinters the bureaus, tables, chairs, 
a British judge, this — ob,serving frequently "1 will bed-steads, &c. 'I'liese tilings were principally done 
examine my last instructions!" But our eastern pa- j by the officers themselves. After which they seized 
triarciis stile this nation tlie bulwark of our religion.! upon the negro women, and, in the jiresence of Mr. 
If such be fact, we are all Pagans. i Young, violated them, by force. To Mr. Young's 

The error of permitting our vessels to be thus em- 1 remonstrances 
ployed is now glaring, and I am asliamed of myselt', liouse, you d- 

the e.'ptiun said, "get out of the 
d old rascal." After having secured 

for not following your advice and going into the ar-! or destroyed every tiling they could, the captain 
my, instead of disgracefully feeding an unfeeling j said he Mould pay for them, and called for pen and 
brutal enemy ; but alas! avarice will destroy our jink to write an order. There being no ink at hand, 
country ! — our poor seamen are the principal sufter- he wittily took siieep's blood for a substitute, and 

ers. Confiding in treacherous documents on which 
merchants embark their property, the sailor consi- 
ders his wages safe, but he not only loses his hard 
earned pittance, but his clothes, (always plundered 
by those freebooters) his liberty, and perhaps his 
life, by sickness in a loathsome jirisoii ship, with- 
out even the satisfaction of having contended witli 
the robber of his riglils icjr either. The crews of 
all tliosc vessels ai-e now considered />(7"so7;cr6- of-^-ur 

wrote as follows : 

" IVant'ick, 29th .Time, 1812. 
Three days aft^r sight ph ase to pu\ Mr. Young, 
parish of Warwick, for 30 btillocks, 30 sheeji and 
30 calves, for llie of the British navy, and place 
the same to tlie account of 

JAMES MADhSOX, Esquire, 
I-'rcsidcnt of the ('niied States. 
To — i — , iVc';-T/ t/nilcd Stales." 

Sj6 the weekly REGISTER—SATtJRDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1811 

'Then handed it to Mr. Young-, lelling him it was a 
full discharjfe of all he owed, ..iid departed, mightily 
pleased with his excursion. Mr. Young preserves the 
oric^-ind of th;s "discharge," and it may yet lead to 
adiscvery, tlirough tlie fortunes of war, of the vile 
vvic ch who wrote it. 

Similar things were done by othei* pai'tiefi, at ma- 
ny other places — wantonly destroying llie furniture 
they could not lake away. 

How is it possible that we can feel any re.spect for 
men guilty of such infernal deeds i" How esteem as 
brave men tlie force imder sir Juhn L'. H'un-.en, of 
nearly forty vessels of war, witli about 400(J land 
troops, who cfFect-ed noUiing more valiant tiian the 
deeds above mentioned .■' 

Domestic Mamifactures. 

It is with singular pleasure we learn, that a com- 
plete digest of the returns of tlie marshals, regard- 
ing the manufactures of tlie United States, 8-;c. lias 
been prepared attlie treasuiy department, to be laid 
before congress, at is next session. ^^ e are told 
that the statement embraces tlie partici'.lars belong- 
ing to every county; so that each attentive observer 
may as well test its accuracy as notice the improve- 
ment of his immediate neigliborliood. The grand 
aggregate value of tliese manufactures is u|n\ ards 
of one htindred and seventy seven milli'nu: nf ilullurs ,- 
thoug-h tJie account excludes Joitr of all icinds, pot 
and pearl ashes, and some otlier articles, of wliicli 
the cost of the original material still constitutes 
the chief value of the manufactured comithiMiitv. 

Though lliis enormous amount has far surpassed 
the calculations of all men, the time that has elapsed 
since that calculation was mad;-, has :tddcd,perhaps, 
«/ie third to the aggregate. The last tliree year.s 
have done more to {he establishmeii: <ind extension of- 
dijuientic manufactures than the ten or twenty thatj 
preceded them. This must be evident to evay man.' 
We see it and rejoice at it; for the daynf/.-tdi-pen-'i 
dence, with the downfal of foreign injluence, draws i 
nigh. " Where tile treasure is the heart will bej 
also" — and, when the dcalnn^ men on the seaboaj-d,; 
sitall find more profit in f.xpotitino .Imericau goods 
liian in i-MPOitTixo British mannfjctures, be assured. 
v/e shall have little concern about the " de!iver-\ 
imceof Europe-" and care not whether the French^ 
J>eat the Cossacks or the Cosmckx beat the French. \ 
TiUT Ti>TK M'iLL roMK ; and it Will be the political 
meHinium of the United States. 

With the prospoct of being speedily enrJded to 
present this important document to our readers, we 
«hall liasten to publisli, as preparatory the:-eto, Mr. 
lHannllon''s report, wh^'u secretary of the treasury, 
in 1790, on the then condition and future prospects 
of tlie United States, as to manufactures. This re- 
port, though one of the most luminous documents 
«f its day, by tlie changes tliat have taken place, 
iias become a curiosity — a sort of a "m.odern anti- 
quity," on which we look with wcmder to see how 
tilings once were, mani/, very 7/;a7w years «go. 

have been murdered by savages, and these roiirflct^ 
attributed by some to the Indians collected neai* 
Piqua, because of tlieir contiguity to tiiose several 
scenes of destruction ; and the re'sentn>ent of many 
highly exasperated against ttiose Indians, menacing, 
as I am informed, an indiscriminate vengeance upoe 
them : 

And further, as it is truly ascertained, that the 
British governiTient has adopted and is aimmg to 
carry into ellect the insidious policy of promoting 
discDi-d b.twcen th'» fi-ontier inhabitants of 01ii;> 
and tlie neighboring- Indians by sending tlieir hostile 
Indians to commit, murders in those neigliborhoods, 
settlemcnis and places where such muidcrs would 
be likely (at first) to be chargeable on those Indians 
who are under the protection of tlie United States : 

Thus inhumanly contriving sucli artful priictices, 
to invoh^ us in war witli every Indian tribe, and 
deprive the commanding general of the N. W. army 
ot the services of those chiefs and warricu's who have 
joined his standard, at an approachhig crisis when 
those services will be very important >.-~ 

I therefore exhort the good citizens of Ohio to 
endeavor to discover, as far as practicable, the au- 
thors of any murders coinmitted on the frontiers of 
Ohio, tiiat the murderers ma}- be demanded, appre- 
hended and punidied M'ith death, tlie chiefs first 
hei'ein mentioned having at genera! Harrison's head- 
quarters solemnly pledged themselves to deliver up 
to justice and execution anyone of their tribes who 
shall have been guilty of any murder as aforesaid. 

And I further forwarn ail tlie good people of the 
state, against acts of indiscriminate revenge — that 
they take not justice into their own hands — and 
violate not the sanctity of treaties — nor disrespect 
the asylum established by the government — but that 
at a period so interesting to Ohio as the present, 
they would confide in the exertions of major-general 
Harrison, superintendant of Indian affairs, to exa- 
mine into the jiast and guard against the future, 
I>ledging myself to aid at all times (with whatever 
force of Ohio shall be necessary) in the apprehension 
and punishment of any murderei'S whose tribes pi"0- 
fess amity to tlie United States, when the niurderer 
can be potinted out or the tribe to wliicli he belongs 
designated. Hoping and expecting at the same time, 
that no i-ash oi" unauthorized measures eitlier of 
individuals or assemblages should be taken so as to 
produce the baneful effects and we l)ecome the 
victims of that insidious Britisli policy, and thus 
indirectly aid our enemy in effecting his sclicme of 
embroiling us with those wlio wish to remain under 
the protection of the United States, and to deprive 
us of the aid of those now with the N. W. arm}', 
which to support is the duty of every citizen of Ohio. ^ 
IlETUHN J. MEliiS, Governor of Ohio. 

Marietta, Sept. 12th, 1813. 

The Friendly Indians. 

A PRocLAiiATioN. — Whereas a number of Dela- 
ware and other Indians are collected with their 
families near Piqua, under the protection of the 
United States, and the chiefs and man)' of the war- 
riors of the said IJelawares and others have joined 
tlie troops of the United States under the command 
of major-general Harrison, and have recently on se- 
vei'al occasions exhibited proofs of faithful adhe- 
rence to the interests of the N. W. army : 

And whereas several of tLe inhabitants of piiio 

The preceding proclamation is predicated on tht. 
fullowiiig letter : — 

Jhad- Quarters, Seneca To-wns, 

September 4th, 1813. 

iiF.AH sTu, — Information recently received has sjjr 
tisfied me, that the Delaware Indians near Piqua are 
in great danger from the resentment of the people 
in that quarter. 

I regret that any portion of the community should 
thus venture to compromit the public faith and to 
violate engagements solemnly entered into. I regret 
it the more, as the policy on the part of the enemy 
to jiroduce such a state of things, and to excite dis- 
cord and collisions between our own people and the 
Indians attached to our cause, is too manifest to 
escape observation, and facts which have come to 
my knowledge convince pie, that this obvious course 


^'doHcv has been adopted, and unless its effects are 
immeJlateiy checked, it promises to be but too suc- 
eessiul. I trust the authority of your exceUcucy, 
aided by the u-ood sense of tlie community, will be 
sufficient to prevent those Indians from bcmg sacri- 
ficcd to liilse impressions and angry passions. J>k i 
suppose that anv of these were concerned m tlie 
recent murders 'and deprcdutions committed upon 
tlie frontiers, I would lose no time in procuring their 
apprehension and bringing; tli^m to justice. 1 :'.m 
assured by tlieir chiefs, now here, that mease it cun 
be proven, they will immedi;ttely apprehend and sur- 
reiuler them to the civU authority of the country.— 
This is all the most n-id justice can demand. 1 he 
conduct of tiie Shawanese upon a late and similar 
occasion, ought to satisfy every one tlrat they are 
disposed to listen to and redress every complaint 
when properly made ana supported. When one ot 
tJieir youn? men in July last sliot one oi ou- citi- 
zens, he was immediately apprehended by the chiets 
aixi surrendered to general Wingate at St. Mary s ; 
two of these very Delaware Indians who have been 

Revolution in Mexico. 

DoN.TosKlJintNAKDO GuTiKUEs, commander in chief of 
the JVovlkern Mex-tcan ariiui, and governor of the 
■iiew state of Texas, to the f vie nils of the patriotic 
cause, and freemen oj all nations ! 
Fui.KNDs OF THE Mt.xicAS CAUSE ! — The indepen- 
dence of Texas, a desideratum long looked for and 
greatly wished by all nations except Great Britain 
and Spain in Europe, is at length accomplished ! 
After a long and tedious warfare, I have liappily 
succeeded to erect tlie standard of union and liber- 
ty in the capital of Texa.j ! That sacred banner i« 
venerated by the Mexican patriots, an-l feared by 
tlie enemies of human liberiy. We have one ami 
all asstimed tlie homK'ed name of freemen. Thus 
far have my brave countrymen become the warm and 
inuiHitable advocates of independence, peace, and 
free commerce. By their guHant behaviour in their 
glorious struggle against the usurpations of royal 
minions, have tiiey evinced to all nations, that their 
revolution is just in its origin— useful in its pro- 

most stj-ongly suspected, have lately proven 

,1 • iiress, and honorable in its termination, 'llieunal- 
Iheirifa -'^ . , _v .,_. 1- J ^Ti * ti,« ,i:,.^^„;_ 

fidelitv in a verv exemplary manner, by the rescue 
of one of our officers from a party of hostile IndiMis. 
I reqtiest your excellency to take immediate steps 
to afford security to people. Tliey have thiy wn 
themselves upoii us for protection. The taitli oi .he 
country has been solemnly pledged tlu.t tlus pro- 
tection shall be afforded tliein. _ 

Many of their warriors are now here rendering 
important service to the army. If any mait has just 
cause of complaint against them, let him come tor- 
w.u-d ; he shall be heard and redressed. Vv ere I not 
coiTPCtly convinced that the suspicions agiunst tliese 
people are groundless, I s!iouli be one of the last 
men in the country to lend them countenance and 

But a long acquaintance with them gives me some 
riHit to judge, and tlveir recent conduct, present 
aituation and future hopes, convince me that their 
fidelity to the United States is unqtiestionable. 1 o 
attempt indiscriminately to murder these people, 
would inflict a blot upon the national honor which 

tered friends of Ferdinand III. now at the disposi- 
tion of France, alone say that the advocates of our 
institution are the oppressors of the people and the 
plundiii-ers of their Intde. But they shall more than 
ever teel the power and vengeance of an injured peo- 
ple, who but yesterday became sensible of tlie in- 
juries done them, under the old government. 

Inordinate ambition and the Ir.^atiabie cupidity of 
ungrateful des]rots no longer disturb the repose of 
him who knows no other right than justice. The 
people of Texas- are now united, and have convinc- 
ed the enemies of republican governments that tlieir 
energv dies not in a day, but may always be called 
out to defend their infant state against oppression. 
They have as.serted their rights in the face of Hea- 
ven, and will not sufter tliem to be polluted by the 
black and contaminating hand of despotism. The 
example, the wise receipts of the immortal Ilialgo, 
whose sotil "reposes in the boKom of his father and 
his God," is still before their eyes. These are the 
assertions of those who followed me to the field, and 
these are the undeniable rights they claim of nature 

would never be etlriccd. It would drive every Indian, Und of man. A great portion of Isew Spam indi- 

■ ' ■""* '"■ cates a will to oppose them — They are not yet set- 

tled from war in case their power is doubted. Hence 
let her royal heroes fear and tremble. 

The brave Americans who stood the siege of La 
Bahia, now triumph over their enemies and honor 
the sU-ength of their arms. They have united them- 
selves with tlie immorUl Mexicans as brotliers, as 
freemen, and as men defending the same just cause 
which liberates the slave, ameliorates the overbear- 
ing wants of the poor. Their souls are united in 
council, and tlielr arms are mingled in the field.-— 
The same sacred and mighty light that sleeps in 
clouds and illumines the one, warms the gtnerotw 
.soul of the otiier. Happy union ! immortal palriotsi 
wliata conquest liave they gained'. Wliat imperish- 
able fame \\j.s<:: they quickly acquired ! 

Seventv-nin.e days iiad the Mexican colors been 
unfurled at St. Fernando de Hexar, when they were 
insulted by the pride of Elcsontlo, who planted the 
royal standard in sight of the capital ! the ardent 
sp'int o'i p.itriotisin wiiicli warmed tlie '.xsom of my 
invincible Iroops, forth Willi reiloubled vigor, 
' ■ . 1- ,-. \ .,-:.l,;« *K.. 

in their own defence, to take up arms against us, 
and it wouid afford to the enemy a subject of re- 
joicing to ;';.d us pursuing a course of conduct, only 
to heparan led by the tragic scenes of Hampton. 
I ret hope -e information 1 have received upon this 
subject m-iv prove erroneous, and that my country- 
men will stid manifest that sacred regard to public 
faith, whicii has heretofore characterized the go- 
vernment and community. But the crisis is so im- 
portant, and tlie s<ibject so interesting in every point 
of view, that 1 should have deemed myself culpable 
had I not requested you to direct your attention 
to it. 

In a personal interview with your excellency, I 
could give you many reasons for my opinions, but as 
J hey ought not to be committed to paper, I must 
rest satisfied with making this communication. 
I am, dear sir, with great regard. 
Your humble servant. 



His excellencxj R. J. Meigs. - ;i-,;;.";,V.^.,i„g.'a;apcnor force stationed within"the. 

P.S I have been in formed that tlie man whose limits of their free and indepe.ulcat territory.- 
wife kdled near to Pi.p.a asserts, that lie knew f hougU the misfortunes, v.cissituaes and ravages ot 
I dian who kdled her o be a Delaware. There war are inevitable aiul wcU knouu to all who hau^ 
t. pet's now he e who were at Brownstown, b.n-ne aims in defence of the patriotic -use their 
whc her scalD was brou-ht in by a party of U.e courage was not less stimulated, and the pi dent 
i^o^\,Slit^I: ^ ^ P > i„ea.u.-..Ukcu to strengtheu our lueaus of defence., . 


were not until now increased. The greater the dan- 
?Jer the more finii tliei*- resoltition of opposing the 
perRdioiis intenUons of a vile and sanj::uinary foe, 
who defen;! tliat odious system of oppression which 
has too loiHj deprived them of the enjoyment of tlic 
most trivial privile(;e.s that preserve liarmony in so- 
ciety— a foe whose demeanor ando.stentation become 
offensive to the most common mind, and wlioseijur- 
suit is one continued system of fraud, treacliery, 
bril)ery and unheard of crimes ! 

Trrit divine justice wiiich punishes the perjured 
and ung-ratefulj once more invited them to the tiehl 
■where their iicroic vh-tues and much admired i)3triot- 
isni were put to the test. Klesondo headed in per- 
son an army of 16,000 stron?;-. He assured his troops 
we would never g'ive tiiem battle, and that he woidd 
consume vis within the narrow walls of the capital, 
O'l the 18lh of June last, we offered him buttle with 
only 750 strong. He Hed before us in confusion and 
despair. On tiie 20lh of the same month and the 
sume hour, resolved on victory or death, my little 
band of renovated iieroes appeared before them on 
the banks of Kf Chtircn del .ilazim arrayed for bat- 
tle, and took them on surprize. After a severe en- 
ga.^cment of two hoin-s and a half the republican 
standard was planted central of the enemy's camp ! 
Elesondo was the first that Hod — his troops soon af- 
ter were completely conquered, dispersed, and ttie 
field covered with his d-. ad and wounded ! the sun 
had not yet sunk in the bosom of the west, when I 
returned to the capital with the enemy's standard at 
my feet, stained with their own blood ! 

The plains of Cliarco del Alazan, where the h.eroes 
of L'l Bahia and Sahulo so noi)ly distinguished them- 
selves, sliall never again be stained with the pure 
blood of renowned patriots. Aradondo attempted 
to avenge the wrongs of Elesondo. He carne as far 
as L'U-eda, where reison taught him that freemen 
never can be conquered. He has fled to the Itio del 
Nort, whers his troops are hourly deserting to re- 
publican armies in their interior — "Dio la mUIiecle, 
g-)iai a rhi la tocfi'i." 

The liberties of Texas are now perfectly secure. 
The strength of our arms is kito\Mt bj- all the royal 
♦•roops. Ryan is endeavoring to imite liis powerful 
forces with mine, and the inhabitants of Cugquilla 
'.vill rise against their oppressors the inoment we 
commence our march to defend them, when the suc- 
ocssful blow is given. 

I may therefore invite freemen from all nations to 
share in the conquests I have gained, and enjo}' 
Tinmolested the rights and privileges of Mexican 
r,itizens. Not far distant is that welcome period 
"vlicn all New Spain will cease to nourish her op- 
presaorj. The old system of monarchy is about to 
expire, and the love of freedom pervade the breast 
of all men. Her trade and commerce will no long- 
er be cr»nfined to one or two powers, but the whole 
'juivcrjc eitjoy a portion of iier unknown liches. — 
Vera Crur, will cease to be the oidy jiort b}' which 
■he provinces u ill be supplied with foreign trade. — 
,The industrious patriot will hail with extacy and joy, 
the slow moving vessel that gently glides upon the 
'.raters of Matagoi-da, which comes to supply Texas 
— :dso Cogquilla on the west, and New San Andei- 
on the south. The northern and eastern frontiers of 
Texas rec>.ves, by land, the trade of the Ohio, Mis- 
sotu'i and a great part of the state of Louisiana. — 
All the ba) s and harbors of the giil[)h of Mexico 
and California will be opened in a short time to the 
trade of all commercial powers. The wealth of Po- 
tosl v/ill be divitlul among tliosc who merit the en- 
joyment of licr stores. Sjjain will be a theatre on 
which miilioi'.s wish to act a distinguished piu^t. — 
If) fine, t*tj iiniverst ^^•Ui ewoi-t h^f> for litr wealth. 

and admire her for the liberal government that prS' 
tects her. 

Freemen of all nations ! The fertile plains of Tex- 
as will no more be stained with the precious blood 
of patriots. Here you may enjoy life according to 
your wishes; here pence and comfort will smile, must 
smile, onrenovau-d Mexicans, until the end of time. 

To the immortal sons of Columbia am 1 indebted 
for this favorable change in the government of my 
country. 'I'he strength of their arms has weakened 
the ])ride and insupportable arrogance of my ene- 
mies. Worthy people ^ yon ai-e certainly entitled 
to more honors than I crai pay you. I offer you as 
a tribute of respect the gratitude of a joung but 
virtuous goveiMiment and a peaceful habitation a- 
mong- the grateful Mexicans, who know how to ap- 
preciate your worth and stimulate }our ambition t» 
serve them in the hour of danger. 
Done at the government house of St. Fernando de 

Rexar, Juh- 4, 1813, and the third >ear of our 


University of Maryland. 

At a meeting of the faculty of physick of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland, on the 17th of August, 1813, 
actmtmittee was apjxiinted to examine into and re,- 
port the jjrcsent state of the Institution. The fol- 
lowing report was pi'esented at a meeting held on 
the 19th inst. 

" The committee appointed on the 17th inst. to 
inquire into the state of of the Medical Department 
of tlie Institution beg leave to REPORT — 

"That they have examini'd the state of the Insti- 
tution and congratulate the regents and ihe friends 
of medical literature generally, on the flovu-ishing 
condition and flattering prospects of the Universit\. 
Notwithstanding the numerous difJicnlties incident ~ 
to the organization of a new and extensive establish* 
ment, the persevervance and industry of the build- 
ing committee have surmounted every obstacle. 

" That the building for the accommodation of the 
professors and the different classes, was commenced 
on the 7th May, 1812, and so far advanced as to adndt 
kll he professors in the coiu-se <jf the last winter. 
" Tlie ap.irtments provideil for the classes are 
more spaciotis and convenient than any other in Ame- 
rica, and deemed iniitrior to none in Europe. 

" That the professor of chemistry and mineralo- 
gy, has been occupied during the recess of the 
classes, in improving his apparatus and in augment- 
ing and arranging his mineralogical collection. 

" That the greatest attention has been given to 
making such arrangements as will most promote the 
cultivation of anatomy ; such preparations also as 
were necessary to the professoiship of midwifery, 
have been provided — and that the professor of the 
principles and [irnctice of surgerj', is abmulantly 
tVu-nished with such drawings, preparations, models 
and instruments as have be^n introduced into the 
best schools of Europe. 

" That the various branches of medical science 
will be taught as foHows : Institutes of principles of 
physick — by John B.Davidge, M. D. 
Anatomy — by .Tames Cocke, M. U. 
Principles and practice of surgery — by Wm. Gib- 
.son, M. D. 

Chemistry— l)y Elisha De Butts, M. D. 
Materia .\ledica — by Sanmel Baker, M. D. 
Midwifcr)— by Richard W. Hall, M. I>. 
Practice of physick— by Nathaniel Potter, M. I>. 
" Tiie lectures will commence on the last Monday 
in October, and lermhiate on the 1st of March." 

Tlie above n i)ort was received and lu'defed to 
he piibUsh?4. JOHN B. DAViDGE, Dewn. 

'TBK Wl-^imLY Miitiio'i MM. 

!No. 6 or TOL. v.] 

HALTlftfOUE, SATURIJxVY, Octobk» 9,181:; 

[v.'uoi..: •;o. 110. 

//,fc olim meminisse nvfobit. — ^A''iniGiL. 

Printed and pu:)iisiie 1 by H. Nilrs, Soutli-st. next door to tlio .\!er.;!i:inty' L'ofrc- Houst , • ' ' 3 per aii:iii>ii. 

Law of the U. States. — Seacien. 

The bill for the "rcg'.il.itionof se-imen on board tlie 
public and private vessels of the United States" 
hdS already been inserted in the RsGisTr.n. But it 
underwent some idcrution, and the law, as pass- 
ed ana approved, is so very importcint to a consi- 
deration of tb.e meriis of the contest in wliicli 
we are en;?,ig'ed with Ens'huid, tint we insert u 
from the official copy, for easy reference.] 

An act for the reg'idntion of seamen on board the 

puijlic andprivale vessels of tlie United Slates. 

Se it enacted hii the sfnate and hoase of reprei!e7ita- 
tives of the United States of ^imerica, in con^re.^s as- 
sembled, That from and afls-r the termination of the 
VfiV in which tiie United Slates are now cng-a^ed 
w;;h Gresit Britain, it sh'dl not be lawful to etnploy 
on board any of the pui)lic or private vessels of the 
tJiTitcd Siatesany person or persons e.^cept citizens 
of the United Slates, or persons of Color, native of 
tile United St/^tes. 

Sec. 2. Jiiid he it further enacted. That from ano 
after the time when this act shall take elTc-ct, it sinll 
not be lawful to employ as af(n-esaid aii} natiiralizei, 
citizen of the United States, unless such citizen 
shall p"oduce to the commander o." the public ves- 
sel, or to a coU'-ctor of the customs, a certified co- 
py of the act by which he shall h;;ve been naturaliz- 
ed, setting forth such naturalization and the time 

Sec. 3. ^ind he it further enacted. That in all 
cases of private vessels of the United States sailing 
from a port in the United States to a fo;-eig'n port, 
the list of the crew, made as lieretofore directed by 
law, shall be exainlned by the collector for the dis- 
trict from which 'he vess-el shall clear out, and, if 
approved of by him, shall be certified aCcording-ly. 
And no person shall be admitted or employed as 
aforesaid, on board of any vessel aforesaid, unless 
his name shall have I>een entered in the li-t of tlie 
ci-ew, approved and certified by the collector for tiie 
districtiVom which the vessel shall clear out as afore- 
said. And the said collector, before he delivers the 
list of the crew, approved aiKl certified as aforesaid, 
to tiie captain, master or proper officer of the ves- 
sel to which the same belon.^s, sliall cause the .same 
t« be recorded in a boo'K b}- iiim for that purpose to 
be provided, and the said record shall be open f )r 
the inspection of all persons, and a certified cop\ 
tiiereof shall be admlLte 1 in evidence in any court 
in wliich any question may arise, under any of tlie 
provisions of this act. 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That the presi- 
dent of the United be, and he is h.ereby au- 
thorised from time to time to make such further re- 
gidations, and to rjivesucli directi>)n3 to the several 
comm.anders of public vessels, and to the several 
collectors, as m.ay be projier and necessary respect 
hig' the proofs of citizeiitship, to lic^ exlnbiie-i to tli' 
comman lers and collectors afoi-esaid : Provide<l, 
that ntitiiini^- contained in such re|^u!itions or dii-ec 
tions shall be repugnant to any of the provisions o 
this act. 

Sec. .5. And he it further enacted, Tliat from an<' 

or olliPr setfarint' man, not being a rit'-A^n of 
Vor,. V. ' 

United States, shall be adinitieci as a passent^ev on 
lioard any public or private vessel of the U. Stfites, 
in a foreign port. Without permission in writing 
h'om the proper officers of d'.e countiy of which 
iucii citizen or searaiing mjui may be sul;ject or 

Sec. 6. And be it furilwr enacted, fmm and 
after the time tins act shall t;dte effect, the con- 
suls and commercial agents of any nation at pecce 
witli the United States shall be admitted (under 
such regadations as may by presci-ibed by the pr-eai- 
dert of the United States) to state tlieir obj-ctious 
io the proper commander or coU'ctor as a.forsaid, 
against the employment of any seamen on board of 
any public or private vessel of the United States, on 
account of his being a native citizen or sui>ject of 
such nation, and sot embraced wltliin tiie descr:];- 
tion of persons v/ho may be lawfullv enplo\ed ac- 
cording to the provisions of this .'iCt ; and the sinA 
consuls or commercial agents shall also be admitted 
mider said regulation, to be present at the time vvhen 
tlie proofs of citizensliip of the perstms ifgainst 
whom such objections m:i\ have been mr>de, shall 
be investigated by sucii commiinder or collector. 

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, T.'iat if an}' 
comm..nder of a public vessel of the Ifniied States, 
shall knowingly employ or j^ermit to be employed, 
or shall admit or receive, or permit to be admitted 
or received, on board his vessel, any person w iiose 
employment or admission is prohibited by the provi- 
sions of this act, he shall on conviction tiiereof for- 
feit and p,'iy the sum of one tliousand dollar? for 
each persoiv tfius imlavvfully employed or admitted 
on boai'd such vessel. 

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That if any 
person sh. 11, contrary to the prohibitions of this 
act, be employed, or be received on board of any 
private vessel,' the master or commander, and ;!i« 
owner or owners of such vessel, knowing thereof, 
shall resp°ctivc!v forfeit and pay five hundred dol- 
l.irs for eiich person thus unkuvfuiiy employed or re- 
ceived, in any one voyage ; which sum or sums slir.ll 
be recovei-ed", althougli such, senman or person siiall. 
have been admitted -md entered in the certified list 
of the crew aforeci-id, by the coilector for the 
M-ict to wliich the vessel may belong; and i^ll pemd- 
Lies and forfeitures arising under or incurred by vir- 
lue of tiiis act, may be sued for, pro-iecuted and 
recovered, with cost of suit, by action of debt, and 
shall accrue and i)e one moity thereof to tlie use of 
the person who shall sue for the same, and the other 
moity thereof to the use of the United Statas. 

Sec. 9. And b.' it further enncicd. That notiilng in 
tliis act contameil, shall be coasuued to proliibit any^ 
comni.mder or master of a public or private vessel of 
the United Slates, whilst in a foreign port or place, 
from receiving any American seami-n in confornriity 
to l.iw or sujjpiyiag any deficiency of seamen on 

toard such voss.d, by euiploymg sevm^ii 
)!• suiijcctsof such foreign country, the eiTipk ynv.nt 


whom shall n!)t be prohibited by ihc lav.s tl'.ertof. 

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted. That the pio- 
isionsof this act shall have no el'ect or opev:.tion 
villi respec! to the emjdoymont, as seamen, oi 

after the time this act slndl take effect, no seama objects or citizen.s of any forr-ign nation v. hich 

file shad rrot, by t^•«^Hly •r .sMw^i^d. c«!ive!ite«?r-* v.i'h t^.e 




government of the Unilwl States, Lwvc |j.oi.ibaecl' 
on bo;iid of her public Hiid pi-lv:ite vessels i!ie eni- 
plovnient o*' native citizeu;, of tlie Uniled St^itc^ 
-wiio have not becoine citizens or subjects of such 

Sec. 11. And be it further e?iacie(J, That nothini;' 
in tliis iCt containefl shall be construed • h to prevent 
anv i.rraiu.i-nicni between thsUjiited Sinlesnid :ui\ 
for.^'i^n power which may inke pi :.ce under -my trea- 
ty or convi'utioii, m ' -iiul r»t)fl<,<1 in tlie ni.'inner 
presC'ib^-d by the consiiintion of the United SUite.s. 

Sec. 12. ^'indbritfurihn^nmcted.T]vA.i\w}wA'ii^)r 
^'So sh^ll )irrive in tlie Umted Su-iles, from .tiid sfter 
tlie time when dus : ct uljall t •k'- eff" ci, vh.dl be ad- 
mitted to bicoine a citizen of the United States, '.vho 
si) dl not for tlie con'iaiied tenn of five years nex- 
p.ecedinf^' his ndniisjion a.s aforcsiid, Imve resideo 
witfiin the United States, without bi-nig-, ;\X anytime 
diu'lng" ;he suid five year^, out of the territory of the 

Sec. 13. And 6<? it further enacted, if an\ 
person shidl f.tsely m;;ke, forge or counterfeit, or 
« (11S2 or pidcarc to be f»isely nidde, forged or coun- 
terfeited, an) certificate, or evidence of citizenship 
referred to in this uct ; or shall pass, ut>.er, or use, 
as true, any false, forged or couiUerrei'edcertifici.le 
of citizcn.'.hip, or sh>.ll make skle e^r diinposeof ..n> 
certificate of citizciuhip to any person other than 
to the person fur whom it avhs ong-m.-iily issued, aiul 
to whom i! m.iy of nglit belong-, every such per.soii 
§hall be deemed and <diud^ed g'uilty of fek)iiy ; imd 
on being thereof convicie'i, by due course of law, 
sh:ili be seii;fMiced to be irnpi isoned kept to ii.n'U 
labor for a period not less that three or more th.<i. 
five years, or be fined in a sum not less th:in fivi 
hundred doUai''^, nor more than oiie tliousand dol- 
Ifirs, at the discretion of the court taking cogniz- 
ance there.)f. 

S -c. 14. And he it fn-tf^cr e^iuctiid, thsit no siii' 
sli^ll be brought for any forfeiture or penalty incur- 
red under ihe provisions of this .ict, unless the suit 
be commented withm three years from the tiiiie oi 
the lorieituie. 

Trial for Piracv. 

Loxnox, July 6.— //iV/t court of admirahij.—Yes- 
terd.iy the high court, of admii-ftity, f\.r i(ic tri-d of 
ofr-nces dmniitied on tht higli se.'is, w-is npened be- 
fore sir W. Sco't, in the josiice hall of Newg-itc, 
1^'ith tiie acctjstomed solemnities. 

John V/ Itsliire, alias Jon^tlian Rowers, alias Jolm 
■\Vrignv, alias J'ihn ilvley, a native of Plvmoutii, 
and Ohas. Conely, a native of Ireland, slooJl ind^ci- 
ed for pii-iUically saded iU a privateer called 
the True Otoo.ied Yonkee, undercolor of an Amen 
can comtnission, on the high seas where thev aid«l, 
assisted, and comlmted divers anncd men in the 
captureof vessels .i.ppert:uning to the sovereign or 
the stit-'jeci.s of Eiigiand. 

It appeared th;-.t the True Rlooded Yankee was 
fitted 0!ii ;s 'in American priv.ileor by certain citi- 
zens of lioston, in ilie linrboi- of Brest, about the 
commencement of tJie year. Siie was armed with 
16 guns, and corned a complin. ent of 175 men, 2t 
of whom were Fi-ench. About the latter end of De- 
cember, Cli.a-les CoaoUv entered on board of hi^ 
own free w,ll, and on tlie 28di March, the jirisone, 
Wiltshire was put on board bv two arined men, un- 
der the name of Ryley. On the 1st ilay of March, 
181.1, this ;)riv.atecr sailed, and on entering the Bri- 
tish channel she gave cliise tt) a merchant ship, fi;e.< 
several guns -.lY'er her, but she esojied bv Kuperioi 
.swifLne*s of Sailing. Ttacy proceeded to' the coast 

. I'- i ,: , iiere they chased and captured a VrS 
.S'd before the ligiits of Wick low clkd 'di< Marga- 
ret, and put r>n American priz»^master, vv, h six 
<<.ii'.)rs, on t)o>rd, and removed the greater part of 
her creM'. — The tv.'o prisoners at tlie bar were of 
tlie mimbii- put on bo; rd ; Wd'.shire carried a diik 
c incealed about his clothes and sometin e<= manig' d 
th: JK'im. — Coi^oUy <v;s tinarmed, btit perfoiiTred du- 
ty m common witli the other s.iilois. They proceed- 
ed for Moi'laix, vviiei^ they were c:i])*iured by the 
Ximrod ctttter, and c.nied into P;\moudi. There 
they were put on board the Salvdor del Mnndo, 
where they were stispected to be n tivis of, 
b\ Mr. Farh im, the m ister at arms, but they both 
dfu.ed liie circumslatice. 

Two persons proved the indentity of Wiltshire as 
an En.t;li-ihm in. C'uncerniiig the buih place of Con- 
illv, 1 iiere w.i.s no eviilence. 

The prisoner, Mibshlre, in his defence, said, he 
hid been confined ihree ye:M's in a French dungeon, 
and anxiotis to see 'he light of d y, he pretended 
t!iat he wis an .\merican, wrhout being coii.scious 
of war being declared, upon which two armed mm 
curried him on bo'u-d 'he privateer, where they left 
him. His mortificaiion wa-, intolerable w Jien he dis- 
covered he was to be .irmfd . -gam-it his ni.iive coun- 
trv, and he sailed with a sore he-irt. When liie 
Marg-<re,t was capiurtci, he, with six others, were 
put on boird, and he formed the design of carrying 
die vessel into liveipool, wjisch he comn.'tnic-ted 
to (he, who discovered it to ilip prize- 
mtster, and he wms most carefully watched in con- 
s'-queisce. He had ser\ed his cosniin long, had lost 
blood in her service, and he pr.i}ed for the mercy 
of the court. 

Conoliy said he was a native of Trehmd, and had 
been carried to America in ii.s }.)uth. 

Justice Cli:.mbrp, in summing up the evidence, 
pointed out the necessity of acquittu^r', C.moily, in- 
asmuch as there was no proof of his beit^g a native 
of ei'her Bricain or Ircl.aid 

The Jnrv immediately found Wiltshire guilty, and 
acquittrd Cunotly. 

Sir VVnt. Scott, in p.issing sentence of death on 
die prisoner, said that ilu- circumstances which he 
h;!d mentioned in exteniiHtion of his guilt sliouhl be 
represented to those from whom mercy, under his 
present situation could only flow — The prisofter 
bowed and retired. 

Barbarities of the Enemy. 


Arcomnnf'yittff Ifie rcf/o'-t (if Ihe roinmittei' ofthf fimisc of rep ret en-- 
trrlivps, oi);:nintcii to enriu'nc i'lto tlw apirlt and manner in ichicb 
the war has been u'n^ed hy the enemij, 

(Contiiiuixl from page 70.) 

No. VII. 




William Si'ars, of TaVwf couim-, in Mfli-yland. .states, that about 
the day ol Ainil last, whilst the British sqiiaili- i>i, comma <ie<l 

:»s he iii)'lti-stO()d, Man- ■'.•, I:iy about S!ii>ri)"s island, il> 
ih- Cht'sap ake bav, he h-ini; on the island, colled Puplar island 
his j>lac< of p .sidi'ii»', ol)Strv'd soiiii- tend rs and haiiB:''S corning 
otrt'roin th .sqnadion in a direction towards th^- said island. The 
relator was then in the act of i-einovi.ic; his fiiri.itniv and otlier 
(ir(il>'rty (vom llie ishind. a'«l iiastenrd ih i-'in from s-eiiig- thi! 
apimreiit anjiroaeli of the' en; my; Imf the said tenders and 
barges, whilst this i- Is'or was criissine: to tlie main with his 
scows and l»tt nii\ laden with his property, and in tow of hi» 
scliooiici-s, appared suddenly to put baci, to thtir stiips. The 
i-lator a'tf rwards, in tfie ariernoon and evenine; of the same day 
made two nthir tvijis to the isUini and siicceei'epi in g^ettiiis: off all 
his i-aeon. On thesiicee'diiift- day, as this I'l lator thiiiks it was, he 
acaii. Went on th island and friit oiT forty or fifty barrels of his 
corn and some other artiili s, witli'mt avy inteirii|itioii froni the 
enemy. Tie relator havi^pr, in hi.s first trip. Rot oft' his family aiitl 
slaves, he now -Hatehrd the movements ol the eiieniy from hn 
farm on the main. On Sunday morniii;; the he saw two ten- 
ders come » at Poplar rshkud iuid go ashore in barges, and after 



\a!i»e length of time lie saw tliem dopnrt fro'.i th?' Uland. The Civell ro:inty, sti^te •/" M'irv'nnd. 

ViIatoT, ill thf aft rP-oo:! ot' \\v list ■ue^itioiic-i! diij-, in comjiaiiy I P- iNdmliy ao;jrt(V"<i Ufore.'.i.^, tlif? su!)6cri'.X'r,pneof tli? ji'.siie»s 
VI itii spvt la! of liX'iuiijMlioi-s, w.nt t > s--*- u'iiit t'u enemy 'uid , of tb^ p. ac-- Or ihc county aibi-**'-'!, Dtli* P-riintjt<)!i. iui.,; ^iiuJe 
('oue on tlif islnud, and found that tliey lial iujiired iiolliir.g', nir] ist'i nu tli" Holy Eva igWu's o!' Aiiiiiyjity Od:!, tliat <be s»n- thr» 

iIlt fioin tlie <X;llar. T!it- Britis'i.o^i t'.i..-2'i:!i of Aci:i;, lSi3, li.-.d ou I'le wnsrrat Fi-. ikvLioh.u 

taken any tliiiiij aw.iy i-xcppt some ciil 

relator t!»en took oif with lii'n as many of his Uorrs and oth^-v 
anicles as he couM. ami >v s hurried of by sfi-iiis;; tlieei.eri)y pnt 
o;i" froni th ■ stjiwlroii «ith Si-v nil bavs;es i:i tow of th ir t?;> 
d'Ts. Thi- tne:ny, on that ev.'ninj;, took posio^sioii of tiif ishnci. 
and rom:iine<! t'i:U nip;lit and pn'/t of t!»;' iK-a day. as w;li as this 
rplnfoi- vcllerts ; aili!. on t''e la.t m^ntioneu clay. Ii ft the isiam! 
anH 'uiiiiwedthe sqnaih-ii>i. which in thr- ir.eau tiii: had rjjoved u;> 
th'^- bay. Th;- relator seeinp: this, on the nyxi or th- s-ciid :lay 
aftsr, a^ain w . nt on the islao I, anrl there fomid i-iat the cneaiy 
hn ■' taive end killitl a^wiit thirty h'U'l of hlaCL cntti", i'/hiy-^ix 
Ii al of oiil sheep ami hf-t\v.-en twenty and thirty lamhs ; thnt t'l^ y 
Iiad killi-d three hnnilreJ hreetli'ia: «ons in thvjr b?ris, wIiiM" piffs 
w-Te found d ad ; and that th^y ha<I tak'n off almost nil iiis poultry. 
^U liF supjiosjs to y iwiM cat'.-h. Kro-n his hoajv ('iv he Inn 
l^ft so'n.i of his worst fiir'iilur-) tie y had t.'Uen o>T uji old loekin<- 
S'ass'worth .a')oi:t fotn- doU.-rs, and srirae newspapi rs in a 'il .— 
0"!i-'y hroUc se^-eral looks and one door, ant! thr w many thiiijs 
about thr hoiise. In a h>.:iscnii the inland v.hifh had hc-n occiipi»Ml 

by James Sears, they broke his d-sk to pilots ind thr-^w ahoul his 

f iiniittire and othi r things ; but the n lator does not now retolK-ct i „yi„. j hr lieve o!" the ofTic r) in 
riint .'i^y thi'.ip was taken awsy, '- -' - - 

In " 

and imni"tlitt»!y s«t iirj to a:>«I boim clown ihc stjrj-hjin« •sri'i 
!i4h.;vy ; tlvit aff.r th. store-hie.sp wis wi tii- th; nwriMsrs w-re 
iiiarth-;! onfrum tliewhiirf. anci (it the tine .jf llie p!:;iideri'jj;a i.1 
bnr;niic; the upper >iors-h,)Use the rrnriners wre foruied m tlla 
rtrad opposite hrr niolii>T"s inmse: th.- ofn.vr c.iin nandi:!;; the 
'iiariniis, wlio infornnd tliis dcpoiL'iit his name wis VVyiionr le, 
s»id tli ~ir clers were to hum tii« sta^e-stahl^ and d-slvjy th3 
stag'ocuach ■* ; that on this d."po-i"nt's so!i?!tin9r of hiai not iw 
bur.i the stables aid str.-j-^, th? o(3 -^-r r nli^d, ih.- qtn-stion Ui-y 
generally asked when t;ie> «'?nt to any place «"•«, tiocv ih"-y vot«0 ;it 
th'' •-leecio >s, a^d i'louired oft'sis depuir;,-nt if iier Uiicle, lUeauinj; 
Mr. Heiirierjon, voted f;)r the 
Sworn before me, the suhstribcr, this 12th dsv of Tune. 181". 

ALEXa. KlrC!<!iAI>. 

I dohere'jy eertify, that cnthf morninttof the 5''i of M.ty last,! 
was i:iipr-ssed»t:iiy ':oa9eatTnr.'>er':creek, by the .British forcvs. as 
tiiey passed uj) theriv' r SnswfVas to Fredericr; and Geor^;e taw^s^ 
jaiid WMsP.'resd toacco'ii|)any t'l^M to the .tSove !>Iac«. On \^-4f 
up we were met by iwoumiatto ne niua (•^tfenox. Caot. iiyn^(tUe 

hose bijat I «as, ().;'» a w!:ita 

itnre ai^d oth, r things , but the relator does not now retoU-.ct „^.„.^ j Mk^^e oi the ofik r) in -.vhose b^-at I « as, t >.;'^ a wiuta 

•:^y thr.ip was taken awsy. .... , . UanJiierehier,:aslt;n-dit om his e:p<><iioim, and was ah mt I ) c.;ter 

1 t stimcjny wher,-c)r. the saul W.lhaiu Sears hatu hereunto set j,,g y^^^,.^^^ „it,, „,^ ,,e,.ro.-, it) o.-I-r to r-rjc^ed .ip the river t> 

Ins hand this ~iA day of June, 1813. c^ \rs '■''''•'" "''^ '""'-■^'' coict.ia.idi:i- there, that if h-? woui.I not fn-s 

w^i^LlA. 1 ^Jl,.\.vb. „noii the iwr('?s ih»v w ;.;ld iwt d.fir.iy the town, when he VAi 

iTnrxjhn'l, T'tlbot caunru, ss. 

He it rem mhT. d, tjat on this 22d day of June, 1813, William 
Sesrs, esq. of Tall-.ot cxjnnty, ji; isonally app;<irs befoi-e me, the 
sobscriber, one of th? instic"? oithe peac" of the state of Marjland, 
in and for Tal'ot eooniy. duly commis'iioned and cpialified, and 
made oath on the Hoi) Eva;^'ii=!ists. that the statement of f ct 
Uerein containe«l is sol)stautially true, to tile best of his knowlv^lgc, 
feoolhctioii ajid bvlief. 

Sworn h^ ot, PE VKR DENNY. 

State of Mnryl.ziul, TaViot comifrj, to wit : 

I herc'hy certify, that Fi-trr n.-sny, estj. beibr- whom th" tlwiv-eaffi- 
davit app-ars to have beer. mad. , aiii who has th^rfto subsciiheJ his 
nam , whs at th'tioie of takinuf and siijninsj thesaoi'-, ."inJ still is, 
one of the state of Maryland's jiistic- s o!' the peaci-, in arid for the 
coonty af.ii-said, cinly co'nmissiont-c! and qnnlifted. 

In t?sti r.ony whereof, I h'lve Ihtreto set my kind and affixed 

the seal of my cjiiice, this twiiity-fourth clay of June, Anno 

Domini 1813^ 

Cleik of Talbot county court 

Ccccil county, state of ^Tnnjlnnrf. 

P-rs^nally app' ar!^ before in-, the subserihrr, one of the justices 
of the peace for the county and state afor-said, Frishy H-nd-non, 
arKi made oatli on th- Holy Evans; lists of Aliniijhty God. tliat on 
the 25tii day of April, 181 j, about seven oxiociv, A.M. a coosid<r- 
able British tbrce, distributed into thirteen barges, comav net -d a 
hostile attack on a landintc c-iIImI Frenchtowni, the nt|M>'!ty of this 
deponent, in th- county i^br -said ; t' some days pivX/Os the!-- to, 
a battery for five e;nns had b -en eoor.ueneed on tli? wharf, h\it 
was in an untinished staf ; th^t on the approach of th." British 
forc>- eight or ten ni^^n coli i-t.-d an 1 coumeneed lii'in^ f ni n tlie 
battery, and stopped the advance of ihe baiij.-s fir some time, flu 
ammunition b.-ing exp-nded, thehai-i^ s th.^n cam. on ae.d a fniu" 

poTi the iwr(j?s ih»y w ;.;id iwt o.fir.iy 
orderM by 'ha admir-l not to do so, who observed, ''tliat he wouli 
o'lly send the near'i's with the irir,s<i»e, that as they ■.vere' 
to tlie people in th'- f-irt above he e-pecte*.! fiat th"y woiiiJ Ix-lirve- 
what ttiey told th^m.'" Vve were then opposit-^ to Mr. \V;dC»' 
far:a, which I think intjct be a'lcnt a mile b"-tow the lovt. Th* 
h.itt.-aux with the n^^^ro-^^s went to the fort r.3 .'.ire tftJ ar.d l'.e 
British forces soon after ibllaw.-d. I was in tiis foie-.a nt boat and 
continued in said -wiat n'ld! tiieir riturii d-iwn ihe riv^i- after 
bur :inff the towns, wh -n I was lai.V-d on Mr. W'th retfs sh'tr*, 
and most positively d'clare that there wcs no wiiiie dnef cier 
hoisted m her or a'>y of theoth-clioats to my knowiedj-^ nor did 
I ever hear *ay o: til - CritiVi olHi^irs or pris'atf ssay tiiat they i'.id 
ever uoiste.j a tlig or that one ev-.-r had hern fiitcl on. 

T!ie captain, on his return do'.v.i ihe river, declared, that " if h« 
ciuH e.itch oolcm-l V -aZ'-y, wiio e i nmAn;1-.c] at th»^ fort above, he 
would,-r him ae.d ftive me part of his qnarfr for st«(ks foe 
that the nr^ he .had r-c ivM was on- of W'asiiinijton's rounds." 

I ea.i"t say posiliv^-iy wiiat nii:!ih,.i- of r.VTi tiiry lost, as they 
wiukl cmly aeknowk-dge five wouiidwl, but think th-;y luit; s;Js- 
tai,- •<! ({i-..<itei injiiry. 

Given under my hand this 9th day of Juni», IS13. 


Subscribed and sworn to tt.>f (TO S\NrJSL BOYEii. 

I c/ i-tifv. that I was at tli- b'ttc-ry on Pearce'i Pfmt on the ofli 
of .May, v.h^ n a squadron of British barj^v vis-t^l .';,'„r2:-ttiv/ii ; 
tciat I Uin\ a full view of all the Vurdcs iintii they s^ot iiassession of 
th- battery cyii the C'i'cil shov. ajid that i »aw no wniiH iiaa: 'li«' 
pi.tye.1 fi-cj'u rtithti- of lUe bartjvj*. W. SPENCER. 

Ju!ie9;f!, 1813. 

W?, the iin.lersijji^d, certify, that on tUs 9ih of May last, at the 
time admiral CocKoin-n witii a C".i5iderabli^ iir ii»d fo'M* attackei 

;ciid dcsiroyei 
the sUitH OI M. 

•'rcMLrick aad Geov-je towns, on Sassafras river, ia 
viAiKi, w-i- ■■ . I or le-ai tile orasl-woirk belo.v Frei 

fi-om them commenced of canncjTi shi',t at the battery av.d also at | dsricktow-o, under the co nmau-d of eoloixei ITiomas W. V->«/,-v> 
th- dw-tIlinLC-h->Uf.«> i i FrFichtow^ i. fhe K-itish then I'lndi-d o-' \ Fr'im our position. w» had a foil j>-rfc«:t Tiew of the anemy i 
the wharf and im^n.-diately S'. t lire to a new storr-honse on the 
wharf, which at that time conuuned iioihiog hot a larj" quantity of 
oats, the property of this d.'po'ieiit.oijd nis) a iishei-y ad|iliiini^'tVce 
wharf was s«-t on lire at the same timi-; afl"r huriin'^ th" s-tij 
store-house and fishery, a force of abiiit two hnn.hed ami iirtv 
inarin?? was marched from tiie wharf ;hi-onp;h Fr--.nchto\vTi a'l 1 up 
tbe river shore to thc-dw»lliM^.honseoftii»-dHiionent,and d-'m^ind-d 
the way'to the town of Elkton ; that finding the riv.-r ninst.')-; 
crossFTlon that direction to >f t to Elkton, the whole loic-r.-tumed 
to Frenchtown, broke op>u th" tipp r st-ir -house, wh'cli was at 
that time full of EC.Oods, pait of which w,i, to.- (ir.oi-rty iif th- 
ViiitH States, and the reneiindi-r for diffcr.'i;t m-r-hants of Bal- 
timore, to Ihe amount, nrolvibly. of hi'ty orsi<ty thousand d-illars, 
and plund»red and carn'-do.-f part of tlie jriods, and s-.-t fire t'j the 
bouse and hnnit it with the remai-id-rof the?r,oJs. Thisdenonent 
siiith,tlnt the two slore-hons's and the iisheiy, tos-ether with the 

oats and other property he had in the npprr siore-hou?.., hnrn-d by 
the British as aforesaid, he has sustained :t loss of about three 
thousand dollars. 

Sworn before mc. the suliseriher, on this 12th day of June, I*l3. 


Orcil county , state of Mnriiland. 

- Personally appeaie'l before me, the subscriber, one of the JiHiices 

of the peace fur the- county aferesaiil, Cm-.'elia Pc-itins-i :n, liviu-j 
in Fienchtown, and made oath n;i the Holy Eva-ig lijis of Al- 

niii^hty God, that she saw the British on the 20ih of AjMil, 1S13. 

land on the wharf at Freochtown and i^nmediatt-ly set (';• to ae.d 

burnt' and fs!\ery-. that on the British br.-akiii; 

open the uppr-r stor .'roiis-, this lepon-Tit W"nt dvj«fj to the stor- 

honse and solicited the eonin.andiii? officer not to buio th.- house; 

Ik^ replit-d that he carm- lor the puri>oseof biuniustloesior^-housi-s. 

that they were public property ; lliat thii di ponent replied, the 

siiire-hoiists were private prop* r(.y and l>"lonp^ed to h r brother : 

the ('ffiei-r said there was public piMperty in it and should In- 
burnt, and ordM-rd the house set on fire and burnt it with all the 

gcjpds the^ did not Curry awav. 

Sworn brf&te we, tliv JUbseriber, the 12th day of June, 1813, 


h.)stile iirmnment. and s<i>r nothi?.'^ with it. or pi-ced?d or followe.i 
ic, that inil'.cif-l or hid th"at>p.-arioceofE /Jc'j./i;r(irc,ac<MrdiaJ 
ta the listaoiished nsi^e c-" eivil-ljj iiatjans. 

We unil' alliij (/f truce to l>e a uns-von for a pHcifte our- 
pose, 3ecomi)ani -d by ifliii withouS arais, and unprottcte.1 t-y * 
naval or mili-.ary Pn-^-. 

The hftr^'S r.iovt-d upthp river in cliaeand oomjjactor.lrr; tha 
ieadinjboiu a few y:»rdia-head ol' the r^st, viil to be a-l^iiii-al Coeis-- 
bum's, c;uTie<t a coemrad n is;, aiid «fa» eseo, i-<i by not less llu.i 
iift'-eu ariiied liar^iM and CuV. of armed a;.*n iai.-asdiatHy i:i it* 
rear, and evid-;iuiy ap^jfjacai:;? in a menaciaj mauiier auii with 
ho'tiij; intentions. 

Given uinler oUr t*iid iOlh da;' of June, 1^I»» 
.loshua Waixl J,%u9uToy 

Joiin W. KtherinjfJa J.'hn eltlie.tmjtoi* 

D'la F. He-Ath aiuies X. Cirsaa 

John V, Price '»* 

H-m-v E. Co.ilmau Hiseliiali X DawU? 

Sa-,i:iel Dixon "'«>'k 

Josliti» Griviinvioct J.i-nes 3. Price 

Robert il. Ma-iweJI Klias Sec 

'.Vilfrim KthM-inq.'toU G-juv^e Beastis 

John L-ifiis 

We saw no da; of any ds»;?iption. 
Jos. ph Davis '"' 

WiUiaii Ho!i-i-ts Nicholas X V. Franlw 

Donuer O^iUes iumtk. 

bis Joshua HuMiiSto-.j 

Meshulw X Kemli-itilt "'» 

mark Nathan '< P.;rrc--*f 

his »"ars 

John X Conly 

i State of Manilu-J, Cnvit eranty, si. 

On th.- loth dav of loi. , -'mn-j Uo niiii. 1813. personally oppaRrei 
eacli and :-very p'ersoti wluw -. toi s .sre si>''ie!ibe I to th;> fji-.-.^ )im» 
certificaf, Iv'O'e toe so''>ci-i;i"r. 'i iii4;ici. of the peace f r tri» 
soiiniy a.nd state a<0/tfs»id,audiuaac yatii on tUe Holy Evaa^.-lBB 



of Alaughty God, that the facts detailtcl in tin. I'liiesuiiif; ceniti- when the Biitisli ;hvc»5 lamlpd ontlieb?ach of Frtd Tic1ifnwn''anii 
eulcs hit tnii', to t!ie best of tiieir Kiio\vi<<lgi :i.ul <.t'lli(-i. , i>i:ii-clieil iijj iliic>iit,ii lb- sfifris, tli- j i •11 im with (liis (I ixiuiot aV 

SrtDni Ijilore H. I\. l'KNlN(iX'ON. ' hii .rotliM- .la.ii 3 Ailin's hoiisi:. I'lii tiuu,;* w/rc lit-aditl by ilit" 

I<lu h^n'by <•• iiUy, tlmrl wasattti' hr Hst-woi-k inav Frtti riek- ' co .jiiiamlinp; ofTicr, (ailmiiMl Coukhiini, «s this deixmeiit' was 
town 0;] Till' iVJi liiiiiuo, wIkii tlK> Ri-.iisii camr up thf rivn- iti i'>ii/iMiul by on" ol ih iiti.) r.u.l obsirv tl, w'lO t!i- '!aoiiii>>ut> 
llieii l>.ii};( s, BiMJ lilt I iIk! 1101 set' a tl.<!g-ol' U'lic. , iioi' do I b.lit'vc I "n* tli -a tliat Uejit siicli a firing upon us? aiv t!it\ r -.tjulars ? 
liiat Uii- couiiiia.Hiii.^' wiF.f.T .:t llic lir ant-vmik niitw or 3iiiiao»id 'I"iis id iioiirnl amw re d no— 1!>. y an- ;.iiiiiia. il.- tlieii asUrd 
tlwi-i \v:i< iuiy Mu!. iImms >" or ammfj the barges. A» witiu'^i j wlicri tl, y uer: fjoui, a.ul was told lit- jlid ii-n kiio-.v ; Iih tlVn 

n:y huiul this iwclftti da} of June, ISlj. 

Sworn to Infon- tli;- suliscril'ef, a justice of tll^ pvati- tor Cuicil 
county, u.k! si;.i. oi Murylaiid, the Jay a;;d y arahoi t- rn. inio.ieJ, 

The dci.-osltioii of Richan) J?ra-nn!.>,ijl' Fr <:iri..i.tu\MMi)Co,fil 
county, Manhiiul, iif;'<I a-vmi forty-i iglit T<ar», b' ii^g duty swoni, 
lifVuiflh auj saith, that m, llu- uiorriiiiS of thi^ 6lh or May, :,^ 

[lit l>ioii i/ia<e at th«- fort below this town, t)i«t hi- 1 '*'< hiotli r's wit', nas ci 

a"!. .<! whif ar aii th; oim of ilic tow.:, ainl wax ;oi'i,)'oi'(! til' y 
w;re nio.<doi;t ; h-- said h- liad s'lit w:iri! 10 th' shor', thn xt'hc. 
was not ill- d i.|jon \v would mil d. stroj !>.iy i>ro|>fi'l). a d tiinicd 
round and oIr.':t.'! to a iilaok hoy slajidino- iiy. jon'hii'k son of 
a ijiicii «asoiie oi' tht |) iso is is in wi-rd liy. whi'-h thi iioy 
Afu\ d He- to. 11 oi-d iv-i thv m- 11 to R',. on a d \v\v': niid di s'roy, 
whicli th. y i.'Xtc!i:t c! with lidi iily. This (i-poiioiJt lht!i« '.-.^f:\^- d the 
aiirnirai to s.-.^ir Iiis liotis ( tieaiuiiR- tin iioiist- o( Ja-n-s All :,) nn 

: ( tiejiuiiR- tlii iioiisi^ o( Ja-n--s All :/ 
I'lfiiud up .si<ilrs, ill a Vrr) C\. licsti sit 

ucr.t ushoi-l iii.lai.c> out o( town to s- e sonit- feiriBlt-> to a plao- of: ''""< "hh an iut'aiit 01, ly nvo riaja old. H- thi.ji ord- r (! h-r to 
safely, and .10 liis r. tun; lif- t £ixrat iw- nty of the- Uiruish troops I "^v *•"'' ''''■'' ""' > •'^''•j. .^I•JD,,;^la^^ !ii-t wiC '» inotli r. riin n'lt cl -p.' 
nriutiii, Colli i.iiuulixi by au ofTiCL-i-, hIio on riiv-, liim: him, ; I''"ff h-r liands, loid h-^gi;,i! iir Go W sak to S|i.u-i h r ohi;i', for 

' ' ■ " ' ■ il sh vva« r: 111 ivid hir lif> wjulj I'l- losi. H thi-i ord. n 4 spare 

til;* hoiH'. H i;ow t.ia-coid 0,1' a'ur thi; rocn lii.d iv. - for 
woi ■ mile tim , and s-iorMj s!t rw;:rds r turii'-d nu hoi-s«--back. 
iiiis di'poiiiiic th II r.ijii. "Hed till' Jidnirii; ioi.i on house 
tlist 11,- iiii-^-it coll-ctins taoiiy to-^riht-r in -Jt^ v il -liouid pj-^aie 
Proviiii lie. to 1-. iioi-i' prace !> tw,-wi ih. two :>atioiis. H til 'u di- 
i- <'ti-d tins d po' To i>- -t hi 1 soiiv lowls, n'loi-fim A him he 
Itad noiii' ; h • II -i hiin, a-d ask -.i if h ct.iiil ni; ft- t lh.< n, ami 
Has toK; no ; i ,; ii,.i!iat i\ u.t- r«aids a fii- was ^, ■?.'" in th.- st ..e- 
'ions, and co';sn'i. 1!. W'hiir Ci orR- aid Kndi-rick t-.w.s wtp in 
Il:;;u.-s, tin ad'i;irai ii.thi piis-.iic of thisd'-p-mPiit obs^-rv <n. his 
othit-i-s— Will, ,,iy Ib.Is, ti>i, io„ks w il— 10 1,0 -.i' >lv was 
■oadf, A .d he or.l. rt-ii all lia.ids oti !iw.d tin- ho?ts. Tl::ii tins de- 
iioiitni ,aw th- f3rilis!i tw,. .-ii.d a hail ii-ili-3 off, coniin? up. a .d 
saw no iiag o: tnicu or any thi.j.i, !ik' il ; thai l^U d j-o cni is of 
opi' 1011 tils ci> ffuce .iiad iiy color,. I V-a/.^y and th- iii- 11 iind.^r 
.lis cainmand was such as t<i t.-i;titl' ihcoi'to inu-h in-dit and 
jo.iciri-d iiy ^\ ry circuio-iance within his k'lowl dffr, tliO'O-ll 
hi .;b I. ajiil hi-,, tin ran suff' ri rs to licai-lj one ha;' o " thi- i>ro|; i-ry 
111 Fr <l.-ncUro.i .. JOHN I.LEN. 

Sworn to and snhscrih'il b«for«- me tliis i2th -.lay 0/ Jui,.-, 1813, 
ajnstiet- ol th.-p.-at,^ lot- Cmeil coamy. 


i h(. d- position of Josh-.ia Wanl, living ahoiit one inil.- IVoin 

Fridrii. ivU.M ;, in C>i><-jl i-oooty. ag. d rirt\-;bi'.r, ' (injihilr 5\\-oi-n, 

d. pus -111 ;.ini s,iii!i, tn:ii ironiiiu- i- st ii foi"oalio,i li couh: ..litaijj 

.''i-o.ii iIiosl (1, i-5on.s tliai \v:i-,. | I't st Mis lions., t'.iit a pulv of 

\u\f is oiii 01 theda'oiied msc Ist'rooi th -foit, riid t'lcii enquir ri 
Aih'i-o the lUuaiud i.iscals wliieh wcr at tlie fiii. oa,' run t.., a, id 
onli-Ti-d him to. 80 xifh tioi and .<!h.w ilic/n to liiro ; til, d, l> -Kr-nt 
oliiorv-i.-;- lit: did not know wh- re ih-y uej-e, the offie- r sv.oi-<- iu- 
Vus a iiar, a.'iti <hvu- hi-; sword .".nd ihrenleiitd to kill id.'i., or.e !;f 
the iiit-ii prcst-iusxj a luiyoiut -.(.Klafiotii.-i drew ailirk and swore i( 
he did not gy h-.- v.ouii. ran it ihrouyli lii.ii; '1. a:ta-wai-ds «'pni 
withlh.u. Hs irtras cni't'.ti 1 Fra .cis H. Ctia':(il(i-'s lions'-, at whifii 
tiiai Pia-.u-is !3. Ciiaiuliir wm ;,oirift- luwaids hj.\ hui.ii, ,\ <[ (y< 
tliejr h.fui-iiic .soan- p.niion call imo cSjiMin, tb( o'Re:'r ord-r ^ Un 
nnui to l>ii>e .fnu ; th. ai.'.ii!l-iiJ eon.iii!'' up at this tini.:, ej.qna", d the 
TiA.oii ill:- hau»^- was not on lir.-. ft-i w:!ids this d; poiiTit 
i't-Kirae.i to iiis owii v.itJi tin .id:iiii-a| ami r -qii st,-d o! him 
lid! to li.ive ji s t 00 fir ; the f!,'lni.i,-il proniiscd it shonhl not hi- 
buiiii it lie Wi.iddl'nriiisji hi.ii wiiii iiiirty fowls, which h- [.ro >1 
he would do; he fi.i-iiisiutl tta;'iii uiili aboiu t!iirji.-n !bul.; tlu-y 
then look aw»y unii dr-»t:M)r^^l ni^rh. tin- w.-ioi of his foi-iiiinr'.- 
Ulucli -.vas iu the bo,.s(-, a:;J hiti provisions, find left hi. a. 

Giveji uiiuef my hand tiiisl thJuue. iSi,^, 


Sworn to Mid subscrilK U Iiefcri. ijie, a .|iist:C(- of t.'n pesice lor 
Soaiil toiiHlv, the tUiy mid j ar hoovv wiiu.ii, 


The deposition of Kiiincis B. riiandl- ar. of Fi-cd 1 ic^toM n, C;.jcil 
count). Moryij.u). i!i;-^.-(J aliuut tl,i,-;y-:.i!i. ycais, 'ling duly swor:-, 

1 11, eooi'oa 

as he l:,-.d r.tiiri.^d froin rlic Ion, he was sianriir,^- )u:ar his 

iMid s*w a Bniisli jiiit;. oo'isisii;:;^ u'. ul.-oui .i,iy persons, 

a;«l h-adtd !;\ au olik- -v. said to Ix a post-captain, i-unni.i!? i:p to 

)ii5 I uns- ; thai ht , tliis ♦lefion. lit, s'efip<:M nj>o!i thest. ps 0; ihe 

house and rt<|i.ej.te<l ilic oiiic, r not to cuter; i'it.t h. ciiug^;t him . 

by ih'r il)-' ,'ist ■i::. c,--il.-d liiui a damn' a i-a-<i-ril a..,i p,,iU;d him 'j-o.n !' Sj t'';3 would sacriiic Inm ; h-inj^ (ii\-ij.ii.,iiii, d iu ioidi 

oh' iIk. sle)>s, and I'.ieii (-iitesvd llie wiili th. who!..- of th^• |'-"^'> ''"'" h,'i;:.!i to ,i str.^y 11 .- la'-l--s, eoairi, lookiiig-gl-.-.s 

Jiaviy Slid gav llir^-i ehe i-,<, a::c! ord- reil (he men to no lo work 
a;.d ealkd !or hre ; liiht tio y inmi diat It eo- .i;ii need e;ittiiig the 
si:iti^.ja*-, wiiidow'-vash tnO. ur'-anuK; the jjiass. an;! s t th.- lious. 
oil fire in till-' ..' ,.Ue s; thai at I'os ai'.nii-al C'>-khor;i ar-> 
j'iv.-d, ami II", this depoo- ul, b-v-jj-p liini to have the fir. put .int. 
wi.lii he woniJ i-<j,jo;i die case 1110, tin- nd 1 ira! as!, d 
llii! w;i:il he eonl-i do; if he co'!! 1 T'lrnisii th-rly IjhiIo'.-.s in half 
ail ho'ijj ; thai ii'ii. cunlii no: llu- hous- slioiild Ik hiu-iu. :v.d :isi^(-u 
luni iihe woul-! irj to i;;ei the.r.— - id up'ii) this deponent r j.lyii.i;- 
ii. the afBrmativ-,-, oj-ilereu the fir.' to in- put out for the pr suit ; 
timt hi, this (lepoiiMjt, got upon his hois, and roih ah.iiit li.ill a 
n.iii.. wii. n lie fell in wiili (ol.rit-l V. azey auT Inioriii' d him w h-t 
h>- was aftu'. and il«it tin e<i!oi:e! tohl him to uo back and inlorni 
the ad.nii-ai thoi In- .should i.ol luive them ; 1)1 ; li ■■ r. tnri.d and 
inljiiiK.j the aUiiilral o: it, wlio then risKi-f! him what else lie 
toulddo, anilil he hjid n ,t;ur,'j e ,f: of jioihlry, and upon r, plyi..;? 
yt:., told hi.u 111- must have it, and diiler- d his iiit-n to cj.'i-h it, 
vhich WHS doue and ca.ri.-'t olf; that then hv the ^r. at' 
*on and entivaty oi this iiepi.iieiit\s wii-.: aiUl sLsior. th, hoiis. was 
onl'l-'d nut 'lo b '.-unit ; hut the si'tir of this d.-po:ienl wa<> much 
abused b\ oil. of liielr iniei-ior o.'hc-ri, for li.-r xeiliors hi eii- 
•j.s-.'orii-.g- to save the j,i-n;-rrt> ; that this riepuiieiii lifid his w.iri- 
Iiouse huini hs them, with a I'OJ.siiierilbl- qua tiiy of.ij.iods in it; 
niid tii;;t fce liiLs-l;' was a piisoner with them for about three 
lioui-s. C-riveii uiiik-r mv hami ihis ]2lh June, 1813. 


.hulls . 

ii-iOed ;";iti*-'' tous:sti.ij.;uf j. tw,i n tliiriy and iiirty 

an oifie, r, suid 10 in a posi-eaplaiir, o,j to-- (ith of M-iy Isst, <v- it 
to his !ioiis and hum vli-it, ly plae. d a cfu u'l round ii, inquir d 
parlicnlaily JW him, and seai-ehin! evei7 pn-.-t of th- house, sw- .r. 


wlien tn;y had d ihe d- siruclio , of si.eli i'liniinire as 
ilie) eonld ii,,i tak oif with ;li ,11, iliro.'l c-er hi,n?Llf took down a 
,..iir 01 haiidso n.- h;',ki:,,i;--;^l,iss( 1, otlu-rsinilii- tiarty .took a> ';:nch 
ot the i«-('..ho<,eiotiii,,j;-. plate, w;,i-low-t-.inai..-s. xe. as they toold 
eonvenieiitiy ..,,r;-y With th m ; my little h.v"« e|.nh s th y ' arr:. d 
. o), tin point u; to ir l.ayo.i-Hs ; i> l.ip th: y h-it th- ho'us.. t.iey 
pill powd. r in .\ r;. roo-o Ix-low stairs, an uttic r t, lire if 
ii-o o to. kiiLoeii, a-.d Uad it -d in tlie di.'i' r.-iit rooms, and 3 
bed put ill th celliir With a part ot the broke 1 chairs, ta .l.-s, i<.-.o. 
■im\ a f.i- - kiiidl d : they (lien left the house, hut eonti.iued iu the 
5ard until the fir was hnrstioij To 11 the v/i;id-iws. and swoielhat 
(I ill re an ati,em,.t to .xtiii^iiish the lire tiny wuuld put the 
p rso I tod all], tliai they int. ndtd to rsliir.: and hum ev: ry thing 
on iiu. i-ir 11 ; th, y liud at one ol niv.sons iiol twelve ytars'of a^e, 
as he was dnviujj oii" a flocK of sh' ep. 


Swori, to and snhsirihed before nie, a iiisti.-e of the peace i'oT 
Cieeil county, Marvland, (his 14l1i June, 1K13. 


Thedepositiori ol Toihis Robetson, air'-dai«ut ilm • f.iur y -kts, 
who did liv witiiin atwut one mil; iVooi Fredericktuwn in Cttoi! 
ciu-ity, Mai-jlaod: 'J'his dep'im-ui states t.<.ii 01. thf- ni.irniii^ of 
th: 61I1 Ah: ,. h, was at liie hr ast-work near Frid- ricktowii. at ilie 
time ill. ilritisli ar.uameiit cam.- up th' SussxiVas livi-r ; that he 
saw no half oi iruci ; that ifur the militia wer:- odig-d to r tr at 
he r turned lioni , a. id in a v«ry slu.rt tim saw a parly of the 

Sworn 10 and snl»50i-ilK-<l heCire me, a jintice of the peae.- lor I Briiish co.oi.ig- luwaids his hoiis.-, and he and his lauuly left their 

CcKCi! 'co'-iiity, the day ami ytvir above wntte 

li. !',. PENINGTOX 

On this 12th t'ay of June, lij)3. personally app -an d Jonatliaii 
Gn-H-nwood, ai'.-e<( iliirt) yiai's, and being f'.rsl awoiii on the Hoi} 
EvuJi.t,, lists of ..iMighly God. did d.'claie ami say, that on lb: 
nioriiii.f; 01 th;- (iiii of iS!a\ last, upon t'l, lan-.'in.j of tMe British 
forces nt Fr.-^ .ricKlii.s n, where tliis d.-ponent resides, a;i ofiicer and 
two sa.iovs cnti;.- to said <k-(.ouviil''j house, :rA swore (liai iftlie) 
had not iimjiil idin v.iliiont arnes, th.-) Would have thrust liini 
tUrongb with ihri.- lr.i\-uKeis ; they l.h n i--tir<-d, t- II iu with so.ii. 
other (oices, W!;i;-h sr.oji aff-r eaine to .lepoiieiii's hoiis.-, Iiokf il 
open, luuk whst ver ihey -onvcuiejitly eoidd eariy away, aiid 
desiioyed the nst witli tli"ir ciitlunses ami dirks, and bnn.'.'d 1.. 
■\vitli Ids dvs'. l'iii;", ston-buns.' and hitch- n. 'I'iie oi'.ic r; 
:i(>p:ar.d to he uhe luoBt acii.e in tlie d'stiiielin . of hisjirop it>. 
'Ihe h.iiisiii in the were soori -.I't. r c- n.-rallv si I <r. fire m..; 
Ut-slroyed. ,1* N VTilAN GiUiEXWOOD. 

.Sworn to and subscribed before lii ■, a.;ustice ef the peace fo. 
Cfedl county, on the oiy and year, aboM wriU'i;. 


Th'- deposition of captain ,Iohn Allen, o. Fred rir-\l:.wi.. Co.vii 
<^iiiitj', Mi.r\Uif.-'i. aureii about fifty-one years. hi..j', Juij swor.. 
ittpost.lii a«ii'! suiih, that o« the me'riAng of the 6th of May la»t, 

n.ins . e\e' jit two biaci. wo.o.-ii and a black man, who stat" that 
the took llieilepou. ;it's hous- !io i fur -itoie and pil. d it op 
in th - y;ii:l beloi.- the hous^-door, and s- 1 theni 0:1 (ire, which 
cu.iiinunicati d to (In; hous and eo ;sunied it als.i; ih. barn which 
stood aooi.t oiie hinidr.d y.irds ffo;n the huiisi- was s-t on fire and 
eo-.iiuru d. lliis d'p-.m-it lost all his lions>liol.l (.-o.ids iiiul provi- 
sions. H. saw Fr- :l. riektow .. pr;-'vio:is to Ins lt-a\iuf^ liis 
hoiisc, which alHi-meil himself and family to that decree that he 
ahaneoneii his house for th. ir safety. 

AVitiiess my hand, TOILUS ROBETSOiJ. 

Sworn niid su'st-ri'-.ed to helore the su;'-criher. a lusticf- of the 
iK-ace for Cmeil county. Mars land, this 14ib day o'' Jene, 181.3. 

H. B. i-EMNGlON. 

The deposition of Moses N. Cannon, aiv d aboii; I'liaty-two, who 
livi-s \. iihin a'.ioul OIK liall" mde ol Fr-.-d' riektow n in Cuoil eonnly, 
-Mni^land: This diponeut stat.-s that he Hi's at th'- en-ast-work 
n.;ar I'f.d ricktowu o!! the tith of -May last, whe'J the British ap- 
laiiirtit came up the iiassairas riur. llu.t Ji. saw no lias of true- ; 
iii«t>:ift,r theneiltia were ubiigeil to letrtatln nliirmd hoii:' .anil 
WHS (ccupieil i', turning; houses out o los wie at-li. Id, w "en a part of 
III- }?'itisli carrie toldshoiis ,he rode up to Hum, and tiiey iniormed 
ii'u t'.a' fK- wai thiir piisoiur ; luid on his oliseriiuu' that he was 
in their i^owtr, tSicj- eiifjuiivdol him il Jie iiad any tiii.ig to Jnnk 


wdhe answering- in thf npg.ilive, they told him lif ha.l e;ot some-, sam- kii'd. The l;ijiiry<IoiiemebT VcaUin;r irp die floel. of sir, |^ to at, asu! asloxl lii > if li.- «m:ii d (lis luiiisr ininit. -nvl hi-\ i^far b; yoiKl tii- 'Tiii-niat-Kt, as t^-y cannot bt- r iT-slHt- d fii"e> • 
auswi viiip;i;;tH.' ut^ativi-, ilifv t .LI liliii lo po llv ji te tlR- ^•ainai;i,i ral years. The dfstnKti.uof tin? r?-.m was a wanton oiuiTit;\. ms iie 

tlim !ie was ii lii!.- bons mul vvoul ' Sii tir: to ii ; aid on liii Roii c 
towards ;lif lioiis:-h" met t!i-- Jjrrsoii « hoiii th y call d tlu- cvtjjtaj : 
W'tli a^iollt !• jiTsoii « irli liii;;, load- d witii Iiis,l.'ii'i de^jon- iit'i, in d- 
(tluth s,u I aii'huon. ai»J a nsi.iri.r ofoiri raripl-s, cirrji"? l''"'" 
tO'A.'rds liis ;iu I}. i\ '■(> w> !■ or lied O'itMUi-th y^i/d. it 1 i" ti !• an 
olTic roi. !iurs.-]jHl.. i\:d iuj um\ mqiiird of tti'- d( [;oueiit wht-r 
the da 1111 ^' n.'.litia werv ; fw obi.-rv I lo 'inii tii- y liad r. tr at :!, 
poiiiiiug at till saiii.' tiiii- toNvaids a v. uod; lii- olis rved lir niust 
bur « tK- di ,.01.1 in's lious;, a id on ii)e dtinim ii( i'.\r>i'Stulai::S 
Willi Iiim, aiui stating lin isikivai.ta';- » lu- would latiur luidi r in 
Cas" liis hyiis- w.>j iiMrnr, ho ilsfu eiiduir. <l id hiio th mad to the 
Bioiiili if Eik nv r, 'if lii-, tin- o.nci?, touid ir.arcli !iis mt-ii 
thi r. , .a;id tlic -.iiiJOH m oiis rv-<! that ais guv rnia ot xnnild no: 
per nit iiini lo ffiv.- Mu ur.y iiiitrui-tioii ; a;)cl tin- oflU- fol.S' vv'<t 
tUiit lif kai Vi as well av th' rte;>oii -nt, tjiit tUit Ik- iiiijrht irost 
a Rritish olile r and >iaii it, u-.m! toihid iiis liors, am! orlii' d his 
niL- 1 to mail 'li, aiul l!i.y w/iit odT without i;urni<ig tli" lioust or 
Rsiii-ii;- u-'i iii-jiv q.iestiuiii. Tiie d (tofieiit tiieli w.jit to a nri^ll- 
bor'iig fiousr » > s-v' a^^iiiit a pait o!" l\i» fa mly and o'> Iiis c torn 
fcai !i towoixls liis hoKsf, li' was firxl on bj a {>ai°iy ot Uit- Biitisli 
»titioiieU ill tilt piibl'n' road, about ojn. !iundri<l a;id tifty javils 
i'r I • ilie c!. ^'s moiij.- ; he tli' n rtr altiiaciMiis tin n. id, a-.d 
a!ia».da'««i ills ' ; in <.iiv au.rridi.isc lro;ii tti: p^u'tj woo tiri-d 
«•■, ill 11, a party goi.i^' tnWiitU !iis house, who as li»- snppofci. di^ 
stioy d ov to .ii a vay ili iviiiim- of !iis tions -lioiJ Ro(-<h, tud broke 
th. wiij'Iow-glass. 5asli, doois, a. id <lid tonsiU' ra'li damajj' to his 
hoHst-. Kn d.iie!»tow.< h'.u.ojj fir almiathe ti:iie tile tiist [.ail) 
of til: ISiitiih eaia to the d;poneiil's hoiis-'- 

Wui. ss loy luMiU, MO.SES N. CAKNON. 

S.vijiii to aj.d siibsii-ilj.d h. fore me, u ju,tii-. of til ■ piaee for 
Cuieil ixiuiity, Mar^lam;, tikis foiirtef-uih day of.Iiiiii-. isi.). 


Id;i li-ivby crrtify, that Uin-j in thi iia-t :U Kr.-<i<iitlvt'j«n o.i 
Sassafras river, on ttie Oiori.ii.ij of th sixlh of May last, wi.ea a 
haul took pl--^. witli lit- Hri|.!!i liie •■iiiji'ja u di-r ti:e e 
ma d ot coloni-l I'lionai W. \'. .iXi-y, I dis!.ijit.Li\ %x\v tlit- eiiuay 
fio.u th ■ ti u.- il; y f.r t e-i.ii ■ iii .t.v., and dls* .lii -i no liasf oi 
tr'iCv ov any I'lin^ I'lS in'.iin^ ouv. Tht iiKmy aft. r iom. r. .>i»- 
tanci' Li'.u-'i, buraed yrii'.t-rii.'U 2:'.ii G. org; ' t-'-v^s, aid destroyed 
a ^•■■at d. al of otii-r ijijvaie |>roo,iiy. My [loiis. ai^oiit eifrhtiiui » 
Oil tiie rivex fiMiu tb. fi.ri, was plu,i-lcve.l .. thrr.i mi tii.jr way 
down th.- riv r. JNO. T- VK.iZY. 

SciSiil'iai Net-k. Cjxil ciiu?ily, Juiw 23.'/;, ISiS. 

».v.,iM fnfore K. B. PEXINGTON. 

[H r; f)Uuw>, in thf printrd of doi iinii nts, a staidii. nl 
of ih. spiel! s, ni'.anlity a^id TrJiiKtioU of pioi>i rty, burni or oliur- 

■wn.df^irnyi'd or ta.'iiiiHwcv. iiy ine- Kiiruij at I'lViiLricktown audisrt hrr ati tii-' . Tii;- .-niliiia 

was not t.t t'l bv.^ati'/i. H' was ''ay in' tc! ani 1 !<-ii>>Tc lil'tcii t'im 
isiand. T.'iis I pr.siioie was aincl at our n^'iii«f;!Utiire=.. 

Thtve wjlJ bp :• ['>vi ot ft 1 'Hst 2'^ j>; r c— it. i!ri"-i t!'- ^lils if Sol! 
Ivi-r •, and piooaMy a total iois ii I wilt fir th- British f^}\fT\iriir t 
lo pty tfi-rn. A'ld 'Ms to die amo-iit -^liiv'- ^v(d, e.mkes the tct^i 
loss 1,203 dollars. Your friend and servant. 

JACon GiBso?:. 

Marengo, isth July, iblJ'. 
Jiuncs Nahb,esq. iteav Eastcn. 

Talbot ccunfij, srt. 
On the 20th July, 1813. caioe J»coh Gihson, .iiq. hefor in>-, ook 
of irtejusiic s of t!ie p--ari fn- ih state of .'Ntnryhuid, r>^Kl '.ni- 'I'al'.Kit 
connty aio? aid made oiith on tlie ;i(.ly EvaVtg.'iisis of Ai- 
:iiic;ht5 Gotl. t.'.nt v. I'.at is tontaine^l in the 'viiTiir. ivitv:i:jjo«t of 
* ntiiig. is jnst and true, as sraled. as in-jv as lit ean as."- riain. 


['■. S;(.-f-et'"fy:g(rte Adams, Jrhi 24, IS!.';. 
Sill— X Imv" the honor to- ■lehw - Itip enpr nf » li-li-v I'lom lien- 
t- iiaiit i;>ad,givii!^ th ■ (Kirtiiiiliiis ot the I.i.ssof th- sehooi -n- A;)), 
ami th. inbnnian eoodiict of the pijeniy to her ermimS'd r, .\lr. 
S j:Mnr:.i y. A:ii.t!r rle;t.-r itjii) lieiitenaut "■;;(! of ihe s.iiu dai'-, 
iieiitloiis no Jinn o: the '•'ie:v.y's fore- wer- th' n abovi' V.iscic- 
stoi.i's islaKl. Hu fi.rt'irr staift-s, tiist iii t'nir att.r .pis to larrd on 
liie Viigiiiia nii'^r ,th y :r,\\r]r-. n icvai-i.ibiy r-.-pills.-d. 
Vi) V ivsp ciiallv, ike 

C. MOKttlS. 
Hun. IVm, Jane*, secretary of tite navy, Wnshhti^ion. 

United Sintes' niitrr Scnv/rinit. 

Patcnvic, Jvdy 2r,ri, lSi3. 
SIR,— It is with much pain I imve to inl'iii-n yi'i '•* the il.-r.tli of 
poor S jjourii.y, v.lio was I.illed a fi w days Z'^o (I cn.-inot say 
v.hi 1.) gali.Titl." defi iiding his Vf Mel. He ■nssallnckrd wiiiist ivifi'j 
ill ep-ek, t.j tlirc-. launcle*, ae.d aft- r a sliArp eimirst Vlt 
til' .11 nil'. They, however, on g-,i:,i>igthe pioi'tli of thecfeit vrrre 
r. iiili)re.-<l by two more, aii-:l ai;'aiii !■• ii'.-w- d the confliet. Ahout 
tills time Mr. S f;oiinipy ;;ei wounded thrn'.ijflt the Ik.'!;. The 
eivA,- on S'-eii,^ h:ni ixll, having- no offi».r capable of lvaiU.-)i;-lhain, 
jiin p. d ov. rlrt«ii~; 'diKl g-.iijied the shor • ; wl-.en the e]ti_':iy, ..iiu !iy 
th;s time siicei<-<ii<i in tj- ttijijr or. hoard fn'ui.ig iht- cn'r.v? siiil 
fiji^.g; and Seijnuni-y sittiiig iid. IxirLarnusly k.n(»tki;d his Uji::S 
out witJi til., liiitt end oi' a nius'vi t. 

Ax tlie i.'.;nii.itneeiiK lit of th. aclion, Mr. Se/^ouriif y t!i!"kiii;r 
tlit'ii too btioiig lor hici, had ■:::n the ron s.'ior' , in v/hiclj 
siuiation the en. 'ny liiund h-r. aiifl ii'it iMo^f able to ;^i f her offj 

t. oi-Ri ti'W'ii, Ui a iiouiil o, 
At I- red riikioWu 
At G. 'jVi. town 

wit, til is— 

. iJoli: 

aliip and a i \v tenders oiiiy n n.ji 
lime th .y took tweuty-ii^j;!; I'-bg'.s 

Total burnt and dislroyil or takm off 3t.62S 88 

This slat nunt is iigmil : iii! ii'..l!ientieated by Mtssrs. John J. 
Co-x, Jolui Ma.\weU and J.-tni!-!! ^ilaelijsto^i.J 

Eititotiin/iiirc, Man/land. 

SIR— Mi'Itipli ■d eiigasfeniiois and forgttf'.;!:,. ss, snee- ^ding 
e.<ieh otlii r, 'lave pr xeiai d tnj finv.yidi.ijj to yon this slat- inrut of 
thedepr daimiis eoiuniittt d o i iny proprrty at l?i!i.rp*s Island, l.\ 
th ■ eii ny wliili ii tin- Chi.-sapt-a,ie. On tin I2:h oi April, v. hii' 
J was ill tie. act of f mo.i ;;■ ini' liocl., Sct-. lii.y ia.idrd u;,waiJs 
of an hiuidru-i men and pr»*vetit d tin ri-niovieij j»:,x' thi. 15. 'Ih' ) 
Ueiained nieon the islivi luitil the I7th, in wli'.ci.i iii'i.- tli j v.eiv 
Jiriiii-ipilly iiijijag'd ni ic tling v;:ili r. IX-elaraiine-s were marie by 
ad.u'ifai W.irrei; and t;:e otini officii, tliat ev.-i-y tiiiiit? oi tin 
stock or Kiai I kiiel, t;\i<i-iiaway,shiHi!d be pa-id tb .at a fair priee. 
Adiiiiial Coiixbiirvi was, i wa.i infotni. d, at I'lis tinn- stn> iip the 
bay Willi th- a.;va:;cc dttichnuiit ol' the fli-^ »- A-Jmira! \?ari-. t's 

ouiiii'd, lOibuii liie island. At toi^t 
four sh . f tw. '.ve fkttl;-, thii- 
tL-^u biisliefs of liiiiiM" corn, and uiiorr.ied iia- that ihey bboi.^ld 
allow the iullowiii;? ^iiei.s fo'i- t-;au: liogi, two dolb-.i-a r.nd lifiy 
Cits; sheep, two a-:d rtiiy cms;, cattle, tliirt^-ri ilol- 
lai-s a piece; corn, oiic dolhu- p r buslii 1, On ny iciuvn 10 the 
island some w-_eks atterwaiils, the accounts Wi-n made ei.i, 
to the a.iiouiit of two hi.iidicti and iorly-s. veil dollars^ hiils on 
tlieir i^ov rn i:e,it fir tlie anicnnt, i-.\i;;[.'( -.ibam f.l ly-foar dollars in 
spi cie. Belin, I letniiiid io t!ie isiaini, tiie fl'.t h-adali gone Ju*ii 
the iiiiy. 1 U'iderstoiid troui the inhabit, nts, liviiig; in s;g-!a of thi.- 
. island, tJiai tin- ■ nuny had paid the isUnid .iL.iliier \isit aii-1 
made a (jeneiai sweep of t!ii stock. O loy arrival at tlie isiaiKi I 
found it too true. They hud tilicii all my sli. ep, in .lUinii: r.iuini'ty- 
uiie ; sixt_.-livi uf wmch uer. oni-!;slf and tiiree-ionrtlis b'uild 
nu;rin.)>,and ojiefnll >.'.r,ini mm, wliicii cost on" i.iii'ty-i'ivi- doihn-ii, 
ei.ijhteen h-aadof tatti- and ahoiu twi-iity hogs. Tli"y'ltft a hUl oii 
tiicir ijoveninifut tiji- oni- huiioivd and (Inriy-iiiree doll.irs and 
cash to the arnouut of forty. '1 liey took all the p.jiiltry, shot in a 
Vantoji iiiHMiii-i' (ine 01' tlie fiii>-sl hours which liiis ronntry eonid 
Jirodnce, aiiJ v;;ncii \vu» .nucji ;i.Ji:iii--.;d 1.) adn.irai V.'airii; foe his 
uiicoiiiiiion bi--!iiiy i-O'; br-"d, an. I wlio forbid, as-i t-.nor to mi,, that 
Le should he di.>lurlKd. They l^ayou, t <! olJa -s, \. hitli liiey iii. 
■wounded, an-! v.^ii'-.-li wo'.dd hnve ii>e.ii 1-jst, tiHil my overs-.-r not 
sa\.ii a part oy i.iiiinj^ lhi.JU. TUi ) left noUiii.^ for the sli.i p o'.iy 
a pr<iiiiiseof twod lars per head. I li.iv" estini^ii-tl my loss, arising 
priutjpally from this last \isil, at tw Ivi; l.nndrfil aiurililee dollars, 
as will spppar hj iht- fvillowin^ statf-jiieiil : 

[U.-r^- follows a deiaik-d slatcniewt of the value of t!ie articles 

I will give those prices to any person who w ill reinstate the sann- 
numlB-r of stock and kine, at tiieclnsr of the wnr, or rlelivn- th - n 

"ver,(W'ho nuiiithave beer; slow in 

tctlectiu'.;-) by thi* time got 'krtvn,aTid beat them off, retook itie 
»'Jioo'.-.i|- and 1 ,\tjii5ui»lini tin flames. 

In- y have sine.- i)ui,i ^t ."ir. Kegoem 'y with the Uonors of war» 

I liave !;ot heard any tiling of tie. fi-ew. 
1 am, sir, vci-) r<spictfiilly, 

Cajiliihi Charles Nurrh; Uniied SUite.r frigrrlc Athims. 

I'. S. All this 1 l.avt from antnority v.nich cannot he tlauhteit. 

Exlraii iij a km-r /•i/in niidsUiJnntin Ii. M. l\r'Cii)ilrKf:, drrf/f 

KiitsiUc, July iOi/i, isi.?, to the 3tcya".nj jj't.'it wn-n dc;torf!r,'?7i!. 

•• vv 1- wii-e -.ittAck-'d by (ivr i)oats ; w- conlimi-d iloing; the sanm 
•rtsb- foil, hut having so f w in.-ii w ■ were unaMe to iTji-i th.;eii.-- 
niy; vlieii tbej: l>i);>i-d'. d 113 th-y i-fusfd gine:; any qn-irt''r? : 
til -r- weiv iipWHids of fi.ty nieii on oiu'iUcUs, wbi.h conip.-^lled n-J 
to !w-iv.- the v;ss«-i. as the enemy ha-l poss'-jsiou ; they put ht'.-on 
fii-e -uci r treated." 
Ex/rnct ifj' a letter froir, J-./m Tubcrvil'.e, mnjor nf th' Id '>rly,ni;-, 

i'i;/i rcjibnentoftlie ilri'iuifi militia, datdl Kinmie, July Wt/!, 

IS 13. 

" 1 aiTived mjii Ifal 'h -place of capture lieforet'ie colors were. 
InWi-red. and aiii confident tliat, even at that tim--, their iiiim!;, r> 
an oiniti;)"; to Ij iv.eer sixty and seventy, mit;iit hnvr- b-en rHucil 
one iial!, bt-Uive they coiiM make their ••scape, oonlil I Iiave cooi- 
r.iu'i.led iw-.xily di Il1- ..ined ine!!. The gallsnt conma.'id.tnt u 11 
bcfor theeliejiiy boardf^d him, by a l>ai! »r;icli passul tln-oiigh his 
body, but continued ti> fifjht to the last e-\tre.miiy. When th re 
wen I'iirly or fi!tj of the en. my on deck, one of thf seleioner's crew 
asked for (ii!art<i-s, which wastitoi-d him. Ai t!:is iiisinni, the f w 
lien yeiiisininir lundt- their iscnpL' Ijy swiniiLir^; to th'.- shnr ■, and 
Mr. iJ-.-goiiriit y was instiuitJy .'hot tiirongh tli», bea.!. The vessel 
was sliortiy * t on lire r,j>(l the liargts row!><1 ofi". Tb'; cfH^; i-s tiii;;..iit 
ijiavely.uud .Mr. M"Clliitot k dij!ei«l»tl tlie vrss'l with much credit 
to hiins.'l;, aft- r -h' commandi^sg; oiiicv^ wis wnni-.n"d." 

Hun. li'iUiam- Junes, ieerelcry ojlJx navy, IVofhington. 

.v.-7eVrM, July 19, 18 J I. 
SlU— On Sunday ni;vl|t the llth in.stiUiU a.-i Kni^iish fleet 
cnnsisiiiig of one »»■• enty-tonr, thre<- frifjates, od-? Irriq; and thrfc 
schacjiers, aiicliovid about one mile i'l mi Ocvacoi;:- bar; uhont 
ihij-liniik w- were inlbri-:ie<l of it on PorWrr.onth, iTy ;ii r- 
so'is fto'i. Oc.-ac<jke. I i.nnititiat'ly got^npand order-^d the 
cntti-r to get und r way: aod vti.i -.iji to >. '.\l»;f^i .-^e.d give the 
alarm, whicii siie did. but made a very n^trrow escape iioin me 
riarg<.s, as she wasobhjjed to b- at over the swash against wir..l .1..1I 
tidr, while tlu;i cot.l.r row a siiaignt i/oui-si* 1 l»lieve adinir:.! 
Coekburu intend;-*! to have \-isitcd N;-.\ bcni tbr tiie~ (/iirpos- uf 
i-<jbbii.g the OHni,s, lint was pvevi-rit«-<l bv the entl.'r inuuee-' In r 
'■sc'ip- to !.'.v:. I'e .ilnrr.i : indi.ttl he said such v.-a-i '.is irrtenlSo 1, 
and was much exusi^-rat i.l iievans ■■ the irnrij'es oid nni take hei-. I 
believe thert was as m.oiy as t^v niy-iivo br.rgf s that crossed Uie bar, 
and I think tn- re could not liavf- been l>-ss than three 
r vTulars, u.arines ar;' si.i'.ori. in ihi 1:1 : Uuy captnr,-d ihej,;ii;.:, «.!■ 

ai;;uy ul Jiylaiui^ Uteiuui«ucei<icd, uiii;»»in;uoiutfl.-suJ ib«i l>r*lj Auacwutiti} uf lynw-^orii, aud the lettei- ot maitfue scno«i:-.vT 



Arhs, of Pl'i'adehitiui, botl) valnaMe fast-saiiiiit; vessels : thy tt-i'n out a second liux, and placi-d it neav the fiist, Cai>taiii I.awvence 
lamlfd <ui i'inUn.'o\itIi ami Ociacokr, am! sncii a iiiil, Wiiiilon i ilieti turiitil to hi:ii said, "sir, I hare placv-d a ((uard here, we 
dtst'O.tion (Si prnjnriy wns srarc- -iv c-vir wiai(S>^cl; thy brok-,- jmust m.w iittt-iid to othtr hiniuess; wr will se<- to this" nointlnj 
HI irif^i* nIi(.ost (>\ei-y s;-eci'S of Uirnimir, tin "P'.ii ix-ds, ai d jto itic goods. ••UHiii^ht." 'I'he ovdi-r to fin the houses was then 
scatlfrfjfi tiw; IV-atli'irs,' and even cjiriiiii viilaiiiy tj siuli a - g-iven, anJ tai.taii: Lawri-nce walked down si!e>-t and eiitmd the 
!oi,;tii' as to rob niai'.v womf-n ol th'^ir chihirt-.-.'s (.-liiilsfs \utl."out |stor? of S, Ho?;^ and co. the door of which liad hccii previously 
i»aviii!r th-iii a Sdoix'l suit lo ihtir lx)ek>. Ttioof.ictra priti iided i hrnken oiji-ii, and :i few men were in the act of t:\kin; viii" wiarii)?_ 

SiMcen !iiiu(Irt<i U.wh, f()f widch th.-y i)veleii'.!c,i to pay the iDlia-C'Iia ! the very tl.ivs; ^'•'' wa:iV:>:u'i turning round called in afresh 
fc.ln'its. -orne ofwlioiii 1 Vlieve reoeiv-'i niort th:'.:> co:iipejisatioi..; s- 1 of iii;i;ifV.rers!»ndsai!!'*boys. here is fine plunder :"' the nun cli<l 
a:i«! lilUurs recrjwd riothi: ;j : in shon th;ry liax u aliuosi all njt wait a s .coiid ir.'. jtsiioii ; but slI in with worthy leader, 
on t>!c iil'.C'-s. I iiivi line to send my tniiik witli what bonds an(l;n .d in a short , inptiwl the store, excepting some articles 
nioicy "t.'iiire arc beionging to the Ui.ited liiiiieN, on hoiu'd liie- which Wcie of little valut. 

l'>:iier whi.-h escHix-il ; I alw had time to hrinu'- R !-w 'il the n«)st WM. T. KfT.I.PATRICK.;!i.' pp.'iers b'long-iug to the olilce: it is well I ilid, for they j P. S. When I foutiil that captain T.awrenee oiii red his men in 
Oomrov'-ri my offlc- entirely, everv pal)- r in it, Ixitli jHihiic and the store and gnve the order to p'ULuier,! ren)onst)-at>'d with W\vn 
j>rivr',t" ; ll^.ydesiroyed my ll'jr.irya.'ii! Sill other pro(>,-rty of miae i the imp; >i>ri. ty of sued proct eiliufj, and obs, "V;.d ibat with 
■ ■'■ ■ . . ■ . . . 'ivili.'.ed n'ltrons at war I'rivaf (uoperty had always h.-n rtsp.cti'd. 

He repliC'i in a hastj manner "yuUDuglu to be more piirlieiihir ift 
^ or.r choice of representative'* j ou wanted w ar and you sluUl now 
[eel tire e.ieets." W. T. K, 

thf y etniki find, ahout right Imnd.ed t''i!!Rrs worm ; aud tli- n Siiit 
niii hi; hoii/d tilt seventy-four wiieix tht-y detail. eil inn two days, 
wntil they had embsiked and w re naiij- to sail. I v.wi on shor" 
two dfiy. before they disiovered I was a ruhlic oiTn>:r; I pre 
S'.ime tli-.-y sent m; on boRj'd to jin vent obkrvatiwi. After tiity 
hail k> ■•! nie until ihey wer- i'>-«d\ tnsiail.they t'lrn*! meaOrifl in 
the oc ar. in a s:;rI1 hor.i witli i'ui.r Spamar.ii, nU oiit of whoui 
V :'S :'Cfpi!tinii J '.viiii lie- iwtr i; o.e than my*, il, in oonseijr.ente o' 
\il)nh W( (jot into 'lit breaker* aiid very narrowly cs^iiptil ix:i ig 
lo?t; all thise li'i 'r? were transaoti-d ninler the dirtvlion of the 
huriai.e udui.nd Cocklmrn. I, iVoin ihr- oonversation 1 
ovrh'^.nl, thai tliey intend to V!i:t Beaufart, tlKii Wituiingtun, 
ai.d so on 10 the sonth;v:ird. 

My iMiirim sh;:ll be niad. as voon as I c«n get wliftt remains in 
SWne kir.d oi' mxler. Very resiieeifi.llv, 

B<:l. f'-'illifim Jones, rictinij aen-eut.-y of the ttetiiur'j, 

On th' ol tue'.ld May, the dav th Briliih unci' r con> 
mrc" of adii;iral Cwkijiir'i niaii- itie attack on tiKtov.nol Haviv- 
tie.GiT.:'e, on my return from the connno'is wh-.i. I h.'-vl ti- p^^il d 
Bon:c r.> imiii'ltion. I olwrv d 'in ot^ic-;- on the horsf oi Mr. James 
AVooii.olliils place, af'w pMo<-«i!i a S. W. dirt^tion oi thechiiivh. 
At fust 5i£!;ht 1 ivas ot the ojiinion it was one of our ufiie. rj, which 
I ili-'up;ht to 111 adjutant iM'KiMw, hsviiig tifarl iiul a few mo- 
iT.i nls bfctort ill'' viiice of John O'N- dl cryiiiisr out in wor Is to this 
fif-ct, '• dB:nii II i.en r-ttire, wcean ct rtoiidy b<nr I'.ie yastals otf." 
J v.ns however di c-'ivid. a"; t is ufficer «»» the ^>< ison who ^"JU 
0"Ji!';ll priror." r winle in the act of^atjm;' th:.- niilitia to n- 
tr rn. Kol kiiOwiu^ al wfisl lime 0"j\'i ill was taken by him, 1 
r.i!Vs^;Ced in a clnrctinn tovvar.Ii t!ie chnreii on n^y way to the 
Jiif-gftzine. to assist in crrrying- ofi' more ainTTin/etion, wiicii 1 <lis- 
covti-; d \:\ the :it).!( to th< "eliurfl. a file of mKiiius. I'o the best of 
)i^y recoil eii ill I w>n theivac a diitance or Iron-' 100 to 150 yards 
fio.u the offio, r (jM horsivl.Rck, and I liiink aiionr the satiie froi'i 
t';r^-e ini';ii;a.;iien, tvhi n thii offlter (aai;l to be a li^uloiiant W-sl- 
fali) \vii!> B di-avvi- sivird in his hand, it beit'S; llic only /aj h.-;'!, cried mu tuo or ihret; times, " will y.m surreiuhrr one 
of the nii!ih,vi)ii n iii;u|< answer, Init what ir was I cduUi not dis- 
ti.nclly hs-ar, and iioir.ediaiely fii-'.d <,n him. aeditis sail v.ound'-d 



ell, which wa* <Mnlii',uc.os lo il, 
aiV ..-.vei-n in hop- s ot fa.din;^ 
and by 

hull in t!u- n;iiid. 1 
jrariiic-s lhc:i Inint'- roin.d the c 
I bfut my coersi towards Mrs. 

iorrif. uf liie Driliili oftiters liter,-, and by intr'ntyto save sum 
tin- iU'ivatc pro;icr<;-, v.liUli I wasrearfnl would \f destroyed. Ou 
vi^iliins Mr. Sear^'sigii-pfisi. Iioind th- first dinsion of boai^ iiad 
jnst fach-.d th'- wliirf. and two larse ^-.uis wen iirod. one ot 
vhieil ttiivw a bail en tie roof .-uii knocked of sntn;- sliinSh'S ; th' 
f.rinc: tiit n ctai'd. win n two othi r Keinleiiieii with .njselfanvauccd 
oM the wliurf ai:(i nked fbr the tonim.nidor ol thiit division ot 
boats. A 

appffarnnc-, ai swert-a •• caj 

iie tb^iiasi;-i a nuniier of q'lestiouB, s'.ich as, have von any nrws- 
J.apr;i's, how ii'.anj- n.iliiin 1 

Sworn to, this fwenty-fifth day of June, If"'!, before 


Perse-nally came James Wood, of )^a^■rf;^^|-fj^aei , before me the 
suhscriljer.o/i' of ilie jnsiics o.' the peace fur Harford county, and 
iii.tde oalh aecorini.R- to law ; that ouMotnlay nioriiinj^ Lhe 3d of 
Amy, 1813, lietwesn ihyfiKht and suurist, as lie was riding in the 
town of Havre de-G'.-ace iir discovt-ivd some men in th.- act of 
hauling uxj the shore a pitce of artillery tha? ha-', been mounted oa 
tile tcitrery, and fro;.i their dp'sii and tin- dullness of the mornine 
In 'ofik thcin to h- Anieiicans. nor I'id he iliscoVLr liis mistalie U'.;til 
he wa; made prison-r and tompelled to dismount; upon Mh'icii 
rh • oi'ie -r comMia!i'i;.,[f the liritish immediately mountnl his 
horse. A short pt riod alui- ;ie was order d on hoard of a barg'i- in 
CO iipany will) somi ot!v r prlsuiu rs, w ica harg-' was niov. d up to 
Mrs. S-.irs' wharf in coii;j)an\ with otle r ba-.'C^e*. Some short tiiTtc 
afi:r heilueovered a house at some distance irom the water to he 
O" tire, which > xcit'-d s'jiiw- siiri/riae ; (the house b'jlor.sed to Mr. 
John 1 ucivt r} he obf rve<l to ilie cockswain of thn boat, thi-re was a 
House on lire, ane! ask d if lie did .lot siiinxjie it to b<' set ou fiiv by 
a i\.co.ei ; hi- r- jilied '•/jer/za/y,? it uiis'h'- ;" directly after, I saw thtf 
l-'ri-ish kiudliii;;- a hr^ ia tiie yard of T.Irs. Si ars, and aski d thcin 
Ivir wjiat t'lat «as infiidid; th. ciH-kswai-.i tuiswered to set tlirrt 
hou:e ou lir. ; I then ask. d them, «bv \oii are not s'omg to burn 
tile hiiitili.ijf? (be r ply from an officer on board the same bsure 
(and v.'iio I hciirv, had not iwen on shor. ; w is '"yes, sir. we shiill 
lay your t >wi; in ashes;'" and in a f-w ininntes I saw a !^ent-ral 
c.))i;la!;ri.-iioii (11 the gr.-ater part of tb. best hnihlings during the 
lime I reu;aini d ou hoar.!, w 'lich wa- until a very short tine before 
li'.y hfnbe ;daie. I saw Ilie othc rs as well as the nu n in small 
Siji.adshri.igi.igon board the bars;, sas they lay at the wXmiS plun- 
(krcd property ot almost ever) deseript-.on, and df positiiifj it; du- 
rlntcthe tim.- alloffic, r bi'ouR-ht im'Misrda larije Irniik or box, and 
c:i!!injj t.-) one oi the men said "I will giv you two dollars to take 
can- ot this for iiie ; this is mr own phn.iier; this was a sta^e- 
passeTiger's property, antl tiler, /'ir; is mine." He further declares 

nossil'l -tn riaclith., iia^ca/.in. , the tiat h- has no kiuwi -ge of an; fiae; of Irin-e beitig held out by 

-.I... ..... i.j^c*/ loi I. le cooiiit.ntuer ui i.i.-ii. i.i.»j*w(. v.. 

person «!iom I siipimsi-d lo b<' a iiiiiUliipnian fro.n ins 
:-', at swen-d " captain Lawrence will lie here directly ;■" 

tiie British, nor does he believe there was anv. 


Swurn to. tills twenty-fifth dav of June. 1^1.''. hf 'ore 


Personally e-.jine Ro\ana Moore, before moth,- subscriber, oiie of 
tiiH justiccs'of Harford county, stau- of Maryi in-J, and n.afie imth 
-»eC'irc!Miij to law ; that on Mond-iv tnnri.i.ifr th.- 3il of .Hay. in 
(Kiiisequtnce ol' the ilrin;^ of tJi'I5ri'ii-;b i:.tothe Town of Havr -^ie- 
Grace 1 Ihd tor safety (my h'.isbaiKl tuing Irom home) into tlie 
c-lhu- of the house i.. which I iived ; that "upon the firing having 
s-^o^n, I up, and me -tins; an ofljcev mi borsi -back, and who Wounded i-.the hand, Isppiif-d to bii i for protection, tearing 

n-aiij- miliiin have yo.i and wheii arc tii.'V, 1 injury from sonn <,f the imn. He, "1 will not hurt you or 
whM-isyein- pnM-^'tUoi , )Vc. .'<;e."ro.-dloi wl.ich wecaiefi.lJyavoided s-rnl m\ ni, p, but I wiil ourn your buns .'" I answered lii'ri I 
R- vi;;g liiy dirtci a.-su»r. Siiun of th. I«t-i',es liieii v.-arp d u:. 1 could r.o! gsto.a o.'' it with iny little c'lil.'.r n. He rel lied "lli.n I 

aio 'g siiie n: sli"- v-h;nt; -.vhe.-i I iho-ag:it il nion prudent to l-a\ ej wni inini your iionse wiib vim and your cliiidi. n in it. ' lb y pro- 
tl)-i.i,!><-fiifnl I shnid-l b- ireide a jTi.s-onrr. I tlien waik -d Ctn-vied a iiUl. fi.r;her, and afl. r havi'ig s -t fir.- to my n.'ighlH>r 
111^ tevai-Tls ifn- li^, fellow d by the two K- r.tlemen Wli0| Hichard Minsh. i-l's tavein-iioiis.-. a iiuinb, roi theni relumed and 
Wi.-jit witii ill' oil liie w larl ; we were m-t l.y an ofnt^ r W'ln io 
niC'!;.it;'ly ordeiv:! us buck. After iTachi-.g the ;ov.ereild of th 

wiiKrt the iiiidsliipman beliirf-memioi'-d .md — si., tins is captain 
J.".wrenc»-,!iis; to tie offjc. r. Lawr .ce tliuiaihln »i i! "us i 
Moi-'is to till! siiien •, "what hav. you i^ot to say for y-inrs> Iv si; 
vhciT is your or clii.-f uiaL-isirate r'' He was mid wi- iiad n.i 
lTi.i3or, and there was no niaf/istrate in the phtce. H. tlien sski .!. 
" iit yon pie-iiaii-il lo ransnm ilie town?'' 1 asked him what sun. 
Jie deninrtj. J; de saul r'.ioul 20,0^* dollar-;. ^Ve toid h-.m no sii'-b 
sninooni.j be misul. ''Wliy th' i.," ii.- r- nh.'d, "ilid yon fire on us? 
Iiad yon r.ot doiie th.;t,a-.d lnim< out a illig mc would have treaitd 
•yiai bett>M-." 1 tliMi ask.d iii''i wlini w-hs t'ler intentinii in com- 
\\i;U and i.i th-y «o..ld have acltd luala flag be<-ii 
IJiio?- out on thi ir approach, 'lo ihi- fii-st qo.-stio; lie gavt uo 
geswer liui afi'r a siiort pause o'.is' . vi-', ".ib'j'n o;i- half tb-" sum 
)fi w denianri.ij would li»ve been laK-n." He >.«* tiien to d, small as 
ih.ii. migi t appear to him it colli,! not fcavr li,c;t laiscth 'rh?ii, 
•6}* he, turning hastily round, "'.n tlir.-e tpiari-rs o( an hour your 

bet^-an to pilUjje ami pluedir. ■liny t.iok th- wliol>- of my bed 
cl'ithes, iiy own clothes, and all niv cniliU' ..'s,'-m n to my youngest 
cbllifs, a biibv not iwo uifintlij oi-.I,' togctuer with my eia'lle furni- 
tur-. Upon my s-jliiiiing ile-m t'> spar.- nu- some IVw things, one 
iviilieJ, "I wiii lake v-ery thi.g I citn, iis «!iat we camn lor," and 
imtncdiat-ly seiz.. ! a sliawi fro u around my neck, a. id which was 
at that li nf- marl} ail iliecuv- riiu; ny liltie'ia y, whom 1 h<ld in 

y arm« iiad, a id ^.-Miried it :..vay ; tie-'y more iha--. once imt fire to 
th.- iiuuse, but irom the e.Serlions of :,ome of niy n.igiibors il was 
as oft -n put out. 

Sri,- i.iithei declares th»t she iicver saw any iiag of truce lujid 
out by the Riitish, nor does she b lieve tln-r.- «as any. 


Sworn to, this twenty-fifth day of June, 131.3, betiire 


p. rson-Jly came Richard TMansfield, a citizen ot Havr -d -Grace, 
before tile snnscrilK ■-. one of the juslices of the peace for Hariord 
connu, Marvhmd. and made oath accordiii),' to law ; that on Mon- 

tovii iiiall he in Humes"; yon sJ.aliiiort fe.l'llie e.T.-ctsof war." "The] day m"oi-aing,' th. ilnrd of M.iy, W\Z, h.-ingm lisowii house about 
(.tfid j;,!i|-t;.in Lawi-.-'iice tiuii Mem ii.t'ube fa v. root Mrs. S -ars and i s.iin-ist. and vieiMiiy- rlie Hriil^b barges as tli.-y up lln- river, 
V'ith ti*(i ur liii.-i liii-ii bitim' out a bale or l-.oxof iro'-ds (which! tney ke.piig up a coiuiuiial lirmg inin tlie tov.-u ninil ihey 
ivassait} {:ghi:v. been helged ihrr - tbenigbl ii fore, briongin.t? to al readied \\\>. Sears' wh.irf. h ing aboiu two hiiiidri-d jards lu-low 
jady in Otoj-gKowii)Miiil jiinc.da ii.v paces in .ioi.r of the lioii> ;i this (Lpeui-ni''-, w!i-n the iiring c.ase.l ; they then landcil. and as 
§»joiher i>t*retJ' (uaujc uuiujowu) tiittreU iatwwaitla and UvOught) wi U as he toiild discover, al the distance tVoJii wliieli lie stood, iw 



me*at^y knnrfi<xJ g twenty-fiur poimd'a- on bimnl » frnj-'uiai, is due to Envlund, uonderfullvcallerl the " shield of 

^!:i-:teom,'a::dt.:<:ir'i;^;^^ ^-^ ihe Kaacr of tJ.e Icj^ue. 

two oi tJi>- bfirir s kr|it inovriu; sljwiy up to»;mli tl.ij'-:, J tiiiit luriher alleiition shouid be paid to hei" niuve- 
aiid as soo 1 ai tiny lauilitl, a ;>ttly o;/)C.v rai: tu I'us ijcpoiiein's ' jjignj. 
firry-iioat aiirlcall <I ouf'Ui it- is 'iDtliiii^ in lioi- ;" "wiit Iilt oif," "" 
Va» tlie rtjiiy, mIiIcIi \::.i ii.slaiiily doii,'. This <i |>o .unt H!'1 liis 
son b'-iiig at tliis tiiiir uv. tlj^ wiiai:. <liscovei-fd m U/iiish of"l'.-,<-i- on 

L'n.r'^^i'i'^h'V"' ''.^'■'•"' '""'I "' !'■'■ ""^ ''' :""'''"^' ,'"• ■'''1- """'*; it"""-l ''-'''t " i'e ■.v!i., i-uns may rend") see p.^ge Si), En- 

ins housr. i' ufTit. i- w l.os, nani. tln» (I poii.'nt >i.iei- 1. ar.i«lL?<'"'" ''ii^''-"^'^y *" '"^ «<;»)« 0/ the most no'ij and nildu 
y\a, liiuttnaiil W-itfall, and wMo was wunm!H<; t'n-o!;':; i tin- hand,; vidt'd trhlilv, Wilhwut t-vcrt t.-kmC;- 'die trcr.blr to trive 
inimediatelv <>i\t...ivd til Ifiiine to Ik 8. t on Miv. This Jt'poiitiitl ,.„,, „^o <>,„ ,„„ ^,^,„:,,^f .,> ,1 , r,., -. oc. f'-^ 

dv.-.itwi a'i.oi.); ii\'jiz d II tions at war, to iiira d.-stVo> piivatei " 1 wful king Ot /Denmark, Ot his " laWiUi doTlU- 

1.1 her treaty with Sved-fii, which is welt exposed 
i)y Cobbctl's reni-rks annexed, (^ii'.l they aivof di;it 

pivpcity: tliai \vi.c)i natioi.s wi r' at wai all puyic jiro^ tij ^>.- 
cani- ihir oojuls of I'c-.struction, but ttist (ii'ivat-- pi-orinty liad 
her^tol'oif b;t-n r. sii--ot.d, xccpt sucii ai oii<Ut uji!(jiti:iiat'ly birj 
injmv-d l>y tin- usual an-.l fuatoniarj modi' of wariar .or iliat misjtit 
bc-talvrtias provisions. Ilji i\ ply \Vi,s-'l)y G— .lit ,!ii,nkl b.- buri-.e.'"l 
Tb.i dcpoiu-riland !» Mr. K;i:p w*o ann with th v.tHi— r, ■iobtiti-d 
for thf ino\,aiiJ, prop. rl\ tliat \\ \s in tii- lioiis. ,ii th-iuj; fiiriii- 
tur-", slaii'..g to hi .i thit t/ «as the d' pojii-nl\ oily df-iJ-i'd. nCt<, 
aiid wa-, ail be had. Hi- r. pli (i sfi'iicrilly. by urd-ri."ij» bis nii-ti to 
burn. During: this co \ r-uitio ■ lb'- nun w.-I-. in tb, bous' , br'-ak- 
ui(j and desu-uyintf cv^ry (uino; b. lor- thcin. Mr. Ki ig lli.ii ii. g- 
gu thy oftivvr .i.r on.- h.uir, »,')in^- liiat what- v, r couid liOt be 
savi'd in tint w>\h .niijlit qo. '\'.\,- oifii-r's r ply w's, "one hour, 
no by G— d, not five i.iinnt. s ; burn tiiat bo.:si ."' XaiiunIiHi; ly 

nions, .md .o tnn-.'.i ilieai to liie of & late 
" leiicgado .'lid ciil-lhr().\t," now the .^cknmvled.i^-'ed 
'"' leg'itunn.c'" crown prince of Suvden ! — Yet this is 
I mere i.v])e oi' hi-r wo.iion Viol.>.t,(iii id' those L«wa 
siie aflVcis 10 ievere, as seen in her conduct with 
i".;spect to Hicily. 

The k:nj,-ot the " two Sicilies," in the yeai* 1805, 
\<ii,\ tiie wnoie of liis continental pusBcs.sion?, the 
k ng\loni ot N .pies, oeing ai)out liu'ee fourths of 
ni.-> i-rritory, hy tu.s ho.'.tdiiy to France '\w<\ devolioa 

tiny coninuncid. a. id bad tin- dw: liing bouse on cr. in fourllo England; ijld Jliurul lile bro'.her-indaw OX J^'u- 
di.'ieiv.:! plai.'S in a icW n.imitis. Tmis di poiif .it, toij. tiu-r w.tli ,, ;.., ,,^.,,i,l , ... ;.„,„ i« ,"1 i;.„„, „,,,i ,.,, .11 ,„. 
Mr. Kins'. .^nti....«l to soluit br p T .nstiin to save souu' funn-i /''''"'''" ''"'^^ "- *-^ 't"^^- -^'- ^'^ ^""^f ^''f' «" *" T'^' 

ur p • 

tuv-; att>;r soaif tin.,-, lieiUnuiit li'c.flfall obst-rvii, ~ you . .ay I 

»av^ \iiiHt you can, a.iii wi;at you m/i sin'i- shall .lOt b disturlvd."' 

Ex.rtiOMS w r. ihfii iiiao^- !.y I'li? <!. po:. ot, his so.., anil r-tr.j 

Ki.i^, to iTVe U-.) /I the d.-vouri 'P tlanit-s, wliicli priv d siicv sjiull 

lor a diurt ti:ni ; out a f. w niuntt-s eonvoic. d u.i wiiut little ilt- 

pciideoei' was to 'r.e plac-tl on t!i. wji-lof si Briiis/t oilier, as the 

tn, II, aid'id by ofii.. rj, larric'd ofT \v!-at ba ! iji-! .i b\ gr -at i\er- 

tio;is a.itl lO isid. ia'>l. ri'.K sav d Iro n'o. ila iies. Tli' t-i.eio) ...ui 

)ir.-n busily ...uployr-l br,-,!ki'i;i;, I'^struyios. aod cairying away, 

Mntil the Haiu. s got to sot^ii a I, jfrbt as to r-od r it u'siuV- to ijo 

Witliin the »«Us. i b:y thir£uv:u.i; a-iiced u;iOi! such prop it) as 

this deponent iiad sa\ d, carryiiq; .j.f ^v i-j- portMbl.- :iriielf, ii..ul 

tU-ir barg; s w r- stow.- ; ripping up .„di, I'nownur tiie fath-vs 

to il!o;:)i, cutting up than-?, '.rjaking: i:pfu d. sks )<cc. &e. i'tic 

offii;e;' vihij iij.,.| jle aiunk mii a wainul d> sk, i-.tu..'d to liav.' it 

unl-\.k'<l, but all r bvi aki;.g ^p.n the liU i!is,ov nil tb • iii'.ir ioor, 

exulting!) e.ciii u^d, ab ! I an to suco tilings, or, I am ac- 

qu:unteii wit.i ■.pcniig l;-.ks— or some .xpr ssioo (o tihit anijuot ; 

and im:n <i . teiy broke it 'liiea rti.i eov.tii.o il bis s-arcb as i.' for 

money. .\f:. r having destioyi-d and c^rri- d o-f ;u arly tin whole of 

this di-poii>iit's propii-t;, aii.: s ■■: g liii- buih'i.igs niirot ^ow.i, 

tliey moved dovv:. i„ .Mrs. S aiV wbari.aml.i.ii.i. d lii -ot-r-r Uirg.^s. 

Tliis deponent was tbenadns. I by som: of bis tri n-.]- toa.i])ly to 

»oi«< oftht olrie rs, a.. I • i.d vivo, log.t ay.neofh.s pp.p. rty laeiv ; 

whi.:b he .li.;, but found such o lUades I'l lb.: was tlia't, afl.-rg-i- 

liiig a air: some two or t:nit artilFS oi ,ui.iil \aiue, 

lit gave t up. But i.pon nieetijig the ad.oii-al i.i p. rson lie r.- 

Jiewed .lis applicatio:., an I aft r so u. time wa> dir cird f) go on 

boai^l and g t wiiat ne cndd. The d ooi.-nt tli. ii st..t.d the i.ii--os- 

sioili y of sueceedii.g without ai offir r lo aecooip.iii) him. '.\ii 

otSc. r Wris s.iu— but after r p. at d atteinpts i,, g. t so.ue of bis 

pro; erty In wa.s iVoni th, abuse aiil tuivnts of b ing run t'lrough 

Willi a swor.j fio.n an otlie rof niann-s, 'orclni..n. gii.s prop.riy, 

CO Ujiell .1 to d lim- any f.irtb. r <x rlioos .iflcr getti..g a/.otber 

lunkinS-S'ass a da i'-w nor • triiiiug mnieles. 

'1 ids depooi Ill's obs ivaiioiis being eonlin. d to his own house 
and its lunu. diate n- igbhor'iodfl, wliieh wis a' fb. upper eiul of 
tile village, b was ,iot an ey- -viii.:ii ss to their savag-liiu' conduct 
generally. In oiedw King bouse and groe ry store, the proP' rty ot 
Mr. Geoig; R.irioll. which stood a f w rods b lo«. and in front of 

43Knis liaa iSiciiy been " die most obedient humbtft 
ighiml ; every iV'.sourco of the island 
jcing disposed of bv liie Bi-iiuh amhassndor as he 


liiong-iit mijjiu b"st auhoerve tlie "common cause, 
ill ikot i: \\\<j, m every qualltj', a provnica 
) Great Ihvtain. 

'I'oe king, since his flight from die continent, haS 
s.vercd times been miprjsoued in his own p/tltce, 
._,aji\Jed Dy Uniish soliliers, )»s die c.'ipnce of the 
Lirilisk iiiiiusttif directed ; who dictaicn all iv,s mea- 
sure j, wliedier tliey regarded the home or foreij^ii 
r.-utions of toe Ktaie ; and punislied him for the will 

.ia\ would sometimefi inmifest itself to regulate his 
.)wn aftanvs. lie now i.s a close prisoner, and the 

iiritish, .vithoat di-.g-uise, povern the island for— — 
" tUe dehverunce r^J Ein/ype I" 

') . 

,. md daugiiter oi -Maria Theresff, a higii spirited 
Hom.ii), Was Uie very Koid of the opposition that 
. .le kiiijj of Hicily g*ve to France. But fiiiiiiiijj the 

iritijh yok'; actuiiUv hnposeflniide- as inioilerable as 
I .e French Was .Ap})r?i)e'.de.i to be — slie, retaining 
1.1 iiill iier ii.itred lo the l».tirr,atteiTipted to weaken 
uie mdueace of the formei-, .ind reg.-tin for her liiis- 
>»nd, his ii'cedom, and wit.ii it tiie aui.hority that be- 
ionijed lo him as a kliiij. Tlie design failed — Lord 
lien'.inch cijarged iier, witii' tmdfr " French 
t,:ifiuence" iiiade a stale prisoner of the king", and 

leate.l tier as .1 i-cbei m tier own kingdom for » 

" tlie deliverance of hZnrniie .'" 

Abused as a vo-ssal, where it war her province t« 

'r:ie ijueeu, ,.uiit of toe en;perorof Austria, and 

thisd. p.-nejit's, b; saw 111 • eueniy pli .d.n .g, an I breaUi :g -very 
tiling lo pii c s and i:di-d by setting it on rir aid .'nirniiig ii 
down. A nuiuo. r of lious-s w r ■ set on tire that were not con-' „, _..,. i i i • i- i i- ■. i i 

su.ned. A nuuib.vtiiey o. ly rebel and broke tb^^ iWs and «-liC, '^'"^'^"*"''» ^-^^ msolent tareigTiers— she Solicited leave 
duW5. iuo::gthe lull, r was tb. e,'m;-,A. i.i which not one soliurv. or liie Brtlifih a:nb(if!nadrjr to retire to Aiintria. Loini 

wni.low was fit wlioli . Dining t'le li ne this .lepo■l^•nt w.iS ou 
Sirs. S. alV whart and on boar: thi- barg, 5 be solicited for tb« 
^prisoners, eiliz ns oi't'i town, to be s( t it li'i.-ny— ,.a .ing tlio8>' 
i.iini. diately ,aw l>n'-w.,ig wbicli w..s J:tni s 


that lie 

Beniinch Wfs " most graciouslv plessed" to 

tit request, ..nd ahe was forw.-.rded by 'he way of 

Gonsiunimofile ; where the Turk received her cour« 

li'ish'nan-"oth"of 'Xrrr i^^^^^^ ^^^^^^'^n- .ad permitted her to pass through his domr- 

iiisn.nan— 1 otn 01 wiii-n w. I'e 111 the most iiositive manner re- 1 , ! r- 1 • '• 

fi.s>d. And as soom as O'N il's name was .neiitio 11 d, the ullici r to "•<>I---i by land t* f lenna ; a long- and l)'liniui jOUrneV, 

wlioni tb applicHiioii was ... . . -- ■• ... 

whom tb appiicHiion was .nii^ r. pli d, no-sw. ari-ig he woiddover tlie woi-sL possiblc r.')idK, and throu.'o a K=-mi- 

liav.- O ^l.•|l A«;i,- il hi con d. .V il uis since heeii distliarz'ed onl , ; . ii ui c t i ..i 

imiol,. T.,is(Wi,ont.itd..elar sbbp.s no kuowl.gVofanvC of •''''■''-''■''''* ^'>""l'T. ''Iv Capable ot ailoi dmg those 

" " '■■■■■' ' •■•*'■ "■■■■■ - ' - • - •• was any. aille coinfjrts tk^t her age and situstion required. 

I ti;;el for tins qnecn no other commisseration than I 

Ouce bring sent by the Brilisb, not does he o. li 

Sworn to this twenty-fiftli day of June, 1813, >). foiv 


(To be conrlutlcd.) 

Kingdom of Sicily. 

In the suppkiiicnt issued wuii Uie lastnum 
bcr of the weekly kegisteh, page 83, in an arncle 
headed wiUi iiie higdi-sounding' words" Deliverance 
ef Europe," was briefly noticed some of the ixis 
proceedings of the hypocnies wiio use them. Bat it 

should iiave for any otiier old -Lcntnan driven from her 

iiorne by vill;„ns. There ia nodung' m royalty that 

e.vci.e.s any ».;ii«ihdity. [}(i' wiiat will tiie English 

■\ m'an 'die knot ni the United S ate-i wiio prate 

:) ills of Buiuiparte^s injustice to Ferdiiiand) say 

lo it.' Wiiaievp.r there is to excite a reverence 

or royal blood is presented in the case of the queen 

)f Sicily ; for siie is a vjoman, and descended from 

lie most illustrious of tier breed, and has every 

iiretension ta " kgiiimuc)'" that rot/altti cun boast o« 



Tlie poor miserable tool Ferdinand was ca-tig-'jd oy 
his own faiiiir with a <lesig':i to murder hiin, unci 
ucknowieJyeii by Ins moihei- (a wiuUon stntmpe') 
to be tlic i'ruitoi" her Willi Gadoij, a to\v- 
iiife.1 and inriiir.oii.s creaiiire, But ihis does nol le.s- 
sea the iiitkuiv oi'.Yapoleona coiiduct, m mij opinion ; 
though it should liaveg-reiit weiijht with those who 
jw-rciicc tile l)lood of princes. Will tliey asret 
\V!ih me th;it ntoiuviciiy is altogether a ruijuer) ?— 
an I GCse to cnnt about the cause oi' liberti/ iii ^jjoiji, 
to oe eH'ic'ed by the liritish, vvlio destroy ;iJer/_i/ ui 

Hicilii? Ihey uiuie lU repressing .-uul itpf-t- 

lia^- ev<-rv ihin^^ that srtvors of monarchy, and cleave 
to tfiix ri'j}i/^lic :i!^ the last hoj^e of freedom, and unite 
in excit'in;;;' a " iioly hatred" of kings, and every 
thin;^ tliai belongs to vhcni ? 

Tne fo!lowi".i/is a copy of a letter addressed by 
the giieen of >iicUy to the .liritis/i umba&sackv, previ- 
ous 10 her "ieavinii; the country; which none of the 
Eiii^-Ush above alluded to, have yet noticed in their 

newspapers : 

" Lord Bentinck — Notwitli.stauding tlie present 
extr lordiniry and irreg-ular proceeding of your 
^eo'virt, to force nie, th;- queen of the two Sicdics, 
byuir Ji archduclies of Austria, to abandon, afte? 
im iM-.ion of 45 years, tiie king my spouse, .ml my 
familv, i") retire inio my native country, under ilu- 
K;>i-cious buf false pretexts — sonnc'imes of nty pie- 
tended correspondence vviih the common enemy, 
[an atrtxiious calumny ! of whicii I defy any one to 
brmgthe ylighiciil v^hd proof,] and sometimes the 
viok^nt propensity T betrayodj^s it is s^id, to create 
o'lsl.icles to die project of tlie English government 
.to change the constit-ition undci* witieh SiCii^ iuis 
ex.sted so many :iges ; noivviLhst.^aaing, I am ver\ 
far from ackiiov/ledgmg the authority of the British 
govermivnt, of wiucii God has rendered me quite 
independent by biriii, I do not feel less tiie necessi- 
ty of sub;niti:ng to the order it ])rcf.cribe.s ; since 
this submission .ij>i)e.frs the only m'.Mns of preserv- 
ing the interest of my family, to which liaviug de 
\oied myself durmg 'the wlioh- of my toilsome ca 
' veer, I do not hesitate to mrtke this last sacrifice, 
tiiougj) it may, perhaps, coiii me my hfe. 

"ldec:!,a-ej tiien, to you, my lord, and through 
you to your court, that, to th,s consideration only, 
and not' to any olher, I yield — and ;uii reauy to set 
out towards the end of ti'ie present montii, to return 
tot'ie dominions of the ensperor of Austria, my au- 
gust kinsman and nepiiew. 

"I musi decline going toSu'dinia, as I do not 
t.>.'.)t)se to be separated from evei-y brand) of my i'a- 
i:idy, and as, at my time of life, the separation 
:-.mst be expected to be final ; I wish likewise to 
.'..'Old dying- in a foi'eign land. 

"I wisli that in m.iknigthe arrangements for my 
irjturn to my native country, the voyage may be ren- 
dered as siioit and as little toilsome as possible ; ra^ 
:,g', aivl my iieihh deslrvnvd by twenty years oi 
;>;un, of chagrin, and persecution of every kind, do 
I i)t even leave me the hope of terminating thisjom-- 

"I:i suhiiiitting to this act of violence, as I cannot 
r.op ought i'ot to foi-get what is due to my bir'di aiK: 
vaiik, I dem nd, Iciaim, the previous execution oi 
'he followj'.';; conditions ; and I am persuaded, my 
,i n-d, thaty )U will both consent and hasten theful- 
i.lment of iliem. 

" 1. That an arrangement shall be made to secur- 
i 1 my crediiors p.'vnicntsof their deinsuids, not be 
,.ig willing to qultSicd}, and fail in so sncied adu- 
i V. I also, that measures sliail be taker, 
in" the reslitition of my diairiond;., wJiich are depo- 
^ led in the hank of Palermo. 
''3. There shall be delivered to me, as soon ass' 

possible, a sum equal to the expences of a jour^ 
ney so long and so remote as I shrdl be compell- 
ed to uiulertf,ke, with a retinue befitting the rank la 
v\hir,U providence has placed me. 

" 3. Tnit tiiei'e shall be secured to me a sum suffi- 
cient to .'Aistahi tins rank m t!ie country to which i 
sJiall retire, and that it shall be paid every 6 mouths 
m aivancc, 

" 4. That permission to depart shall be granted ta 
every person whom I mav be willing to attach to my 
service, and to tluitof my sou Leopold, who accom- 
panies his iinfortun-ite mother ; and that those who 
receive p»\ from me, oi- pensions from the Siciliaa 
govenmientjshuli receive an assurance that they shall 
be transniitLed v herever I m..y re.-sfrie. 

" 5. Lastly, that there shall be jdaced at my dispo- 
sition, a frig-ate belonging to tin- King, a corvette, 
and i.lie necessary transports, on boaid which my re- 
tinue and my equipage may be evnbarkeal ; and I 
requ-est to have ihe appointment of tlie ctptain of 
the frigate, for my piriicular trunqudity, being ia 
the grcite-iii div-ad of travelling by sea. 

" 1 ii-ive reason to btlieve, my lord, that you will 
'find nodiing but is reasonable and convenient in 
my demands, tlie execution of which is indisjjensa- 
iiie to a joui-ney as long as it is toilsome, and to 

which 3'oiir gov':»vnment cou^pels me. Your 

instructions, according, to my infurniation from 
Eiigl.ind, are to m.dieuseof your inHuence over the 
Sicdian governmeiii, to it to make all neces- 
s.ii-y and convenient arrangements whicli niay be 
required. If you have Iiithei-to demonstrated ex- 
treme perseverance and firmness in obliging me to 
make a sacrifice of my existence, 1 liave reason to 
hope, my lord, that without you depart from the 
oixiers of your court, jou will maintain the same 
chai-acter in order to inssure t'le last days of a prin« 
ci:ss, the victim of all kind <jf misfortunes, and to 
whom your government, and the English n;ition it- 
self, will cr.e d;;y or other tender the justice that she 

" 1 transmit you tliii letter by the Iiands of gener- 
al Macfarl.oie, to whom I owe infinite gratitude and 
(i)anks for trir- delicrite manner in wiiicii lie Iips borne 
iiimself towards me and which makes me. desirous 
of continuing to receive through him, any farther 
explanations of their )iainful ail'ur. 

" I beg )ou Will offer my conipllments to lady 
Hentinck, whose feeling heai't, I am persuaded, par- 
ticipates and deplores mv unmerited suli'erings^ 
April, 1313." 


livsdan JMediation. — "On this subject, so interest- 
ing lo ev.'ry clt.-.s of our readers, (suys ihe JWuiunal 
TiitclliffenctrJ no furtlier official information, we Ije- 
iieve, has yet been received by government. The 
Gritish ministerial prints ridicuie ihe idea of accept- 
ing the mediation of any third power and employ 
all their iniiuence, such as it is, against it. And 
we have no recent circumstance on wJiich we ]iiace 
much reli.iuce, which fa^■ors tiie idea of its accept- 
ance by tiie Hritish govei-nment. The only indica- 
tion of any disposition on the p:a-t of the i'ritisii go- 
veriunent to resjiect the friendly interference of I'tis- 
sia, is ihe intim tion contained in tlie late English 
P'ipers tliat lord Wali-om; sidled for St. I'eters- 
burg ; witii what object is not stated. A gentle- 
man of hig-li resjjecUibility, now in London, writing 
.0 his friend in this country hoivever, suggests an 
)pinion, or rather a hope prevalent in certain circles 
in England, that otu- ministers Y. ill not be suffered 



to leave St. Petersburg- witlioiit an effort by the Bri- 
. tlsij auiiioi'ities towjrd:! .m ainic iblc seti-lement of 
cui' >liiicrenccs. This ho^o, iV;ul as it is, m all we 
■have to rely on ; and we liuve tliotiii^lit it piopi-r to 
stale our views of the su'nject, to picvenl erioneou?: 
imin-essioas iii this respeci iVoni gaining .^■n)llnd.■■' 

It is staled tluit our pfople are very scun'ily fed 
aiul basely treait<l, ;;t QueLcc. M..ny of iheiii die 
d.wly. ^^'Jivitinh linmaiiUii." 

Il is tlie iiifuiuoiis ciipi Elliott, who sutTered his 
s.chool-lellow capt. Hart, of Kentucky, to bt murder- 
e I by the savag-es, that Wns on board Ihe British 
Heet oil Erie, and nov/ is a prisoner. The wliole arc 
raarchcd to duUcotliL'. If the\ were sent round to 
Canada, by the Way of jVeiu Orlsuns, it wow Id be u 
just retidiation for the proceed n^^s of the enemy, m 
itliis respect. 

The lieutenant in the nav)-, who had charge of 
the pui)Iic stores whicli were set hre lo at Sackeii^a 
Havbov in May last, was arrested ijy orvler <A cnm. 
Chauncey, on a charge of cnwu-dice, tried by ^i court 
martial, and most honorably acquitted on Liiut 
cli irge ; but ordered to receive i private repr;mund 
for not puttinj^ Hre to the stores sooner than lie re- 
luctantly did, as required t)y his superior otiicer. 

Some hints are tiirown out tliat inducf s us \o be- 
lieve that the very valuaLL Cu; go of tnv ISi iusJi ori^- 
Ann, sent a prize, and a g-ood prizi', uuo Ww berii, expressly shipped al Liverpool to be sniuggded 
into the United Slates. We ivjoice that the goods 

tliese lie", vessels, calling them razees or frigates, 
wiien in truth they are reulh ships of titeline. For 
instance, we learn from a London papt-r, that the iri,a,'atc, is fitting out at Woolwich, "tn car- 
ry dO: very Jieavy guns," No doubt her ni;dn batte- 
ry Will consist of 42 pounders ; and her strength and 
weight of metal ba full} double that of our largest 

A naw frigate to be called the Java, is iirnnediate- 
ly to he buiii in England, of the following dimen- 
sions : — gun-deck 172 feet, keel 145, breadtli 43, 
>oiiJi 145U. She will be rated 50, but csrr\- 64 gnn.s. 

Tiie design of having a frig.vte of that name"^ v/iil 
prubably be duticipated by tlie United States. We 
already have a Frolic raid a Peacock in the water, and 
may hoVe a Guevriere and a Java, in two or three 

The surviving lieutenants of the Shannon, have 
been promoted l.o commanders. 

Th Lnr 'i Nelson, to carry 144 guns, was to be 
liunclr. ci is England in August. 

The whole ntyxieri; iiwavcUed, or John Bull as cnn- 
iiiiiff as any body ! — Loxdcn, July 28. — T.he victories 
of ihc American ships, over the Uritisli frigate?, are 
said tf) be attributable, in a great me;isure, to an 
iinprovement m their shot. Tiie cartridge (instead 
o;' ijeing made up in canvas,) is ascertained to Iiave 
been cased \x\\\\ led. This enabled them, il seems, 
to load with greater despatch, aiui to fire with ad- 
ditional efff»ct — hence the destruc;:ve havoc of 

Jiave changed owners. It is Intimated that some, their broadside.:. The commi.sstnncrs of the ad- 
folks in Baltimore \vA<l a concern in tjii-. business. — iniiraliy .ire now in full possession of all the circum- 
We pray that lliey may be fvjnvlted out. |st;nices, wliicli are st.itcd to been 

Flotir has risen in BaLiinore to 7 or 8 dollars /)e?',ei.i hy a lieutenant in our navy. Such, it is rumour- 
barvel. Immense quantities are going on by inland|ed, are the consequences attached to tliis discovery, 
conveyance, to tlie e istern ports, " not blockaded," \ilr.d an officer w!io made it, ami gave the im])ortsnt 
wiiere, by "«e!t;r«Z.9," it goes direct to Halifax. Tins | information, has very piojjerly, by way of rew.'ird, 
nuist be st"pp-d. It is disgraceful beyond prccedtnl, I been pronioled by viieir iordsiiips to tiie command 
iind inju.-ious b' calculation. Feed Ihe forces of 
<he enemy, and k-t iiim smuggle his gcjods lUlo tiie 
United S ates, and he will glatlly agree ihat the war 

£li.-ll last forever. The export of provinions should 
be absidutely prohlijited. Tne st.ttes that are the 
g.-owers wouid rcjii.e at sucii a l.-W, for they Iwnenl- 
■^5 Want peace; and very well know tiiat tiie (jnly 
w.iy to obtain an honest peace is to give all ])osbibic 
effect to t!ie war. Those wiio have nothing to sell 
wdi oppose sucii a law ; but we hope il will pass im- 
mediately on the meeting of congre.-is, and that every 
resource of the country will be ]Jointed to the com- 
min object of dutres^ing the eiieniy,ias leading to' 

Singular lircneiif. An ofHcer belonging to the 

Erte ileet, has sent as a present to hu friend, JVlr 
Vlny, speaker of tlie In.iWie of ileprcsentatives oi 
tne United Slal'rs, the X.klLwi.h whicli the British 
commodore had fastened liis flag to the niasl. How 
pitiful alter t/uit, to strike to m\ inferior Ibrce .' iJut 
our tars know better " ho7u to nairem." 

Tiie enemy scpiadrons oil' J\'ew- London and in tiie 
Chesapeake Iiavc been very quiet and peaceable since 
our last. 

INIr. Larcher (says the .llbany .Irgns) a member of 
tlie Troy (jret-ns, and the only one of that corps, 
we are told, who turned out at tiie call of his coun- 
try, states 111 the last Northern Budget, tliat one po- 
litical ]):u'ty ofi'ered to provide for his family if he 
Went into the serv,ce, and the other jiolilical part} 
oj/'ercd In pay Ins fine if lie vjonld slay at It-onie. 

liriiisk frigates. — The enemy is building man}' 
Vv'ssels ap]3arei'.tiy for the express purpose of fight- 
ing for the opinion of the vulgar; and to regain, in 
the estimation of the multitude, the honor he hat 
lost. Vv'e say of tiie "vulgaiy' no well in- 
(brjacd nun can be duped i>y t)je iiamen {hey give 

CAiiTKL.— C.iptain Dajuel CaiDpbell, 

of a vessel. 


inaster of lite cartel brig Anna Maria, lalely arrived 
at New-Bedford, was forcibl} dragged from iiis ve,'^- 
sel by the lieut. of a Uritisii ])ress on tiie 2Sth 
of July just alter tlie vessel hid got under w.-iy nt 
F.dmoulh, bfiiiiid to Uarimotit!), wiiere sls-e Avas to in the American in-isnners to bring to the Uni- 
ted States. Capt. Campbell is a citizen of the Uni- 
ted States, and lias resided 17 }-e,'U-s in this citv, 
vvliere ins family still resides; liis certificate of na- 
turalization w;(s tfilcen from iiim, and he was taken 
on board a guard ship at ralmoutli, and detained, 
so tiiat tiie cartel was obliged to jnit to sea wrdiout 

Uayton, (O.) September 12.— Extract of a letter 
from J'jIui Joltnsnn, Kiq. Induni indent at J-'iqiia, to 
the editors. — " 1 have inl'ormation from Detroit tliat 
tlie j>ritis!i and their allies are^in great confusion, 
■uui iuLve no conhdence in eaeh other; a number of 
the Indians have gone home. Tecumseh and IJotmd 
Head are s.iid to be the only leaders tiiat arc deter- 
mined to adhere to the enemy; they are the most 
pojMilar, and of have a considerable number 
of followers, it is my opinion however that when 
matters come to a crisis, the savages will shew their 
true ciiaracter; and tvill ab.uiJun "the bulwark of 
our religion" to her fate." 

Col. Curdiner, (says a Piatlxhitrr'- paper) appn;nte<l 
agent ior prisoners in Quebec, t)-om IjostOPi, on iiia 
ua}- thence, was turiiei! iiack liiis side of .Montreal, 
by tiic commanding ofhcer on liie st;iti<;t), v.iio ob- 
served to him that tliey did not want an ;; at 
tjuebec — and requested bin! to return iioii.e. 
JulLl'i .MIV. 

From the armies- umier JJamptur,, at SackeU's Uar- 
O'lr, or Fuii Gcorje, we iiuvc iio since 



•ur last. Of TiarrisoiCs movements soiiie account 
will be tbuncl below. 

Major Cuapin wiih an adventurous party of X'o- 
iimteers, pussed from Buffalo into Canada, on ilie 
19uh aist. for the purpose o;' surprismsj a British 
gUiji'd commanded by col. Warren; but lIiec^)lonel 
is supposed to hava anticipated the design, and had 
re tied. 

They, however, took several prisoner,"; and some 
flour and blankets b<_l()nging the enemy ; but paid u 
scrupulous regard to the property of indiviuuab. 
Gen. Porter, with a similar parly, alao crossed a 
day or two after, and marched some miles throuj^h 
tlie country without apposition. He brouglit lour 
prisonuro back with him. 

A report prevailed at ChiUcothe Sept. 23, that 
brig. gen. Teatmsefi had been kdled, and his aid 
had been taken prisoner, in a skirmish with a partv 
©f our spies. 

A letter to tl\e editor of the Democratic Press, 

dated Sept. 24, Siiys " Owing- to (.he hig-li premi- 

Hm offered by the IJnush for horses, equipments, 
&c. s;;veral of oiu" dra,^'oons had deserted to them 
fi'om Fart George, ioid were duly rewarded. A pret- 
ty sleek Yankee proposed playii.ip; them a trick hi 
his own way, and obtained permission to desert; 
and on his an-ival at the Hntish camp he received 
tlie promised reward, and from his agreeable m.m- 
nei's, soon became a favorite of the commanding 
general — after gaining all tlie hiform;\ti(>n he wished, 
tnis modern Araspes returned to c* nip witli general 
Vincent's domestics, best riding horses, he &c. — 
Cicn. Vincent sent in a fiag, demanding his horses as 
S'Olen ; his demand whs refused. A few da\s after 
two poor hrmest tlrsgoons deserted ; immediately on 
tlieir being reported to general Vinceiit he ordc;rtd 
tiiem shot— this being known generally, lias effec- 
tually stopped any further movements of this kind 
of gentry. 

".Many de 'Crters arrrlve at Fovt George every day. 
Til.* .SWiSS .Slid Germans now bey in to find llieir wav 
iiero from Kingston and Prescott, all would visit us, 
but for the difficulty of crossing- tne water, to obviate 
which, 1 expect we shall pass over in a few days, as 
preparations are in a state of forwardness fwr a 

Our niicii are getting in order for a fight, and I 
tjunk wlien ihe day of trial arrives they will not be 
found wanting." 

It is admitted that a dreadful sickness, as well as 
a givat "scarcity of provisions, prevails in Upper 
Canada. The Montreal papers dolafullv announce 

M^'tracl of a letter from an officer of the U. S. army 
to the secrefar;/ of war dated 

" CiiiLicoTiiE, Sept. 28, 1813. 

Althougii much has been said on tlie subject of 
the barbarities of our eucmv to our countrymen, that 

imperiously ordered him off— '.hat tlie officer retired 
but a few yards, when he was met by a small part)"" 
of Indians and inhumanly murdered under the e\e 
of Proctor. 

Anoilier histance he relates of a soldier that was 
taken during the last siege of fort Mcigs by a party- 
of Indians and conducted to tlie Br.iish general's 
camp, painted black, (a mark they always affix to. 
priboiittrs when sentence of death is pronounced oa 
them); thnt some one of the officers (lie thuiks 
lieut. col. Shoi'l lately killed ai S..iu-iusky) went to 
tlieir general to intercede for tiie poor c.ipave ; that 
he ordered oi'f, and severely rcprmi'inded for 
interestuig lumself ior a * damned YaJikee ;' ;md that 
shortly after, the prisoner was conducted and bar- 
barously butchered in the face of the British army. 

Tiiis same officer also relates a conversation that 
took place between Proctor and Tecumseh, in winch 
tiie latter observed, ' 1 conquer to save, and you t» 
murder.' " 

finceiines, Tnd. Sept. 18. — We are informed geo, 
Howard iiK.rched on the 4th mst. iigainst the Indians 
with a force of from 2000 to 2500 men — against 
what point his force will be direcied we are not in- 
formed — the next mail from the westvvai'd will u^ 
doubt furnish us with some pirMcnlars. 
Extract of a letter from a ^entlenntn at St, Louis, tg 

/lu friend in Pittsburgh, dated .'iu^-iist 27. 

"All expt:d:tion is tinined at tins pi -ce to route 
the savages from the Illinois and Missi.>>sippi terri-i 
tones, to rendezvous on liie oOJi mst. aboui 2>Ki mdes 
h-om Uus pl.icc, and take up '.heir line of mai-cli oa 
the 1st of September. (Jen. Howird commaUvd.-i -.iie 
exjjeditioii winch is to consist of 210 troops 
i.i no.its, 3comp.nit-s U. S K mgers each abwui luO 
strong, 2 companies of old rangers, eacli 75 strong, 
and tliree com[)'.inies of mounted militia, 100 strong 
eac!i. The expedition will be 40 days out, and 
there is no dou:jt out we shall have lo contend with 
powerful hordes of red skins, as our frontiers have 
been lined with them last summer, and have had 
frequent skirmishes with our regulars and rangers. 
Rf^port says Dixon is come to the Upper Mississippi 
With cannon. I iiope in my next to be able to giVQ 
a goo>l account of iiim and his savage associates." 

A letter to tlic editor of of the Jiegisier from the 
neigliborhood of Ei-ie, Pa. states that the enemy's 
licet on the lake had been very scantily supplied 
with bad provisions, and confirms the many accounts 
we have had of the great scarcity of food in the 
ui)per jirovince of Canada; so much so that the 
■jrhite luar chttf the English ^cn. Proctor, had been 
coHipeued to dismiss a considerable ]jari ef his 
hlaod houmh. The writer exults at Peri-i/'s victory, 
and himself that tiiat frontier is re- 
lieved from all appichension of " the tvhite or red 

Tlie infamous Elliott, who is general Proctor's 

the fortune of war have pL.ced in their power, and ^-reut scalping- knife, is, we believe, a native of Mary 

whicii have been supported by proofs undeniable ; 
even those honored with tlie pmud name of Ameri- 
cans pretend to doubt the authenticity of their ori- 
gin. I am, therefo:-e, from a sense of duty to my 
co-.mtry an. I my injured fellow brctliren in arms, 
induced to make known lo you a contirniiition in 
p.vrtfrom the lips of a British oiTioer now on his pa- 
i\ue in Jiis town, of the enoi-mi'des committed on 

lund, and mi uncle of tiie gallant capt. Elliott, of the 
navy. Perry's able second on the lake. One branch 
of the family v.'ere Ti'/i7^-.v, the other tories. I'he to- 
rvism Q^ Elliott satistacrorilv accounts lor his deeds. 
Oliver IF. Perry, esq. master-commandant in the 
navy of the United Stales, anil senior officer on lake 
Erie, acting as commodcn-e, lias been promoted to 

oir soldle!-y at Raisin, and Miami, opposite fort | the rank of captain, by the president, in approba- 
Meig«, by the Indians under tiif- command of gen. i tion of his gallant conduct in tiu; late battle on the 
Fi-oclov. In conversation with him, he informed me lake. 

that after the surrender of the Kentuckians under 
col. Dudley at the Ilapids of the Miami of the lakes, 
he was ne;ir general Pioctor's tent when one of our 
unfortunate officers came up snd asked the g'='neral 
' where the-y wei-e to be quartered ."" that Proctor 

Capt. Oliver, of the Valiant, commanding off ^V. 
London, snys it "cannot be true" that jPtrr^ has cap- 
tured Ba^cUufs fleet on lake Erie. 

Capt. Barclay who commanded the Pritish force 
on Erie, lost an arm in the battle of Trafalgar.-^' 



Tii£ unfortuuate man lost the other in liis battle with the magistrate of the place, to man and equip this 


■vessel in a perfect manner to figlit the Eiiterprize. — 

Decatur's sqnadron, at J\'eu- London, fired a sa-^Capt. ELTiaE s<iil3d w,th the most confident belief 
luteoii receivni;^ ilie ne\vs of Per/ys Vistoi-y. The, of speedily reluminf^' to port, crowned with the 
bells of the town were also ruiiy-, and a salu'.e fired i same laurels that decked the brow of cnpt. Broke. 
fi-om fort Trumbull. Bng. ■^i.n. Burbeck foibade a i Indeed so confident was he of success, that lie made 
repetition at fort Grisiuol'd. i promises to some of his crev/ before they e7itered on 

Tlie battle on the lake. — At the moment that Port/ 1 board h^s sliip, that they shoulJ form a part of this 

ConinK-nced the action lie hoisted, at Iiis <i)re-lop-g"jl- 

LnU mas- iiead, a Inr^-e fiag, until then unseen by, and 

unknown to his olhcers, on which were tiiese words 

lejf i.)le to the whole fieei and to the enemv, "DON'T 

GIVE UP THE SfllF." Tins hada powerful efiect. 

W'hen lie left the jAnvrence she had only seven men 

fit for duly' — ;:nd the commodore himself helped to 

file the last gun that was service^ible, before he quit 

her. Some of the British officers have arrived at 

Chilicothe. A Worthmg'ton, O. paper says, that the 

enemy liad 3u0 killed in the action. Some of tlu- 

prisoners ha\e passed throug'li Uiat, accommo- 
dated witJi horses, and furn;-hcd vvitii every conve- 

niency. They tipe:di of the battle as being one of 

the hottest ever fought, and acknowledj^e that the 

wind was very favorai^le to them ; giving tliem an 

opportunity to use their h)ng gnus, (of v/ we 

had very few) and preventing om- vessels fiom get- 

ing into close action, as all would have done, liad it 

been possible. 
The British p.apers call com. Rodgers "die .Tuliua 

Cs.sar' of America. And on its being reported x.\\^l 

Jie had been captured by a 74, say ( and we belu ve 

truly) thai "i^w events would give more satisfac- 
tion to tiie public ilian a visit from tiie commodore 

They stran^icly hate, or wonderfully fear, this man. id'U, nutTiit'istanding it blew hard with frequei^t 

But they vrill by and bye leirn that ev?ry officer IS ,' I siju.'iils. This day, although the weather is not 

Modgcrs, and that every Rodgers is, at letnl, ^ J\'el>toii. se'-tied, the squadron Will again take over as many 

more. We only wait for favorable weathtr to make 
a final move. I need not assure you, sir, that every 
pjjssible exertion wul be made by the ofiicers and 
ill jn under my command to assist Uie advance of the 
army, and it affords me great pleasure to have it in 

prize crew to conduct the Erilerprize to Halifax. — 
Xo American, that h.s a soul within him, can help 
feeling additional exultation and pride at the glo- 
rious issue of this engL.gemenf, when lie is infi)rmed 
of the high expectation which the British entertain- 
ed of succeedmg in all nava! buttles whicli siiould 
follow tlie victory over the Cher.apeake ,- "the more 
conspicuous bee. use it stands alone." 

The common council ■ of ..\ew> York and Albariy 
Irave each voted a sword to com. Perry, and the for- 
mer have also res-oived to preseitt him with the 
"freedom of the city."* At BOSTON, a commit- 
tee of the citizens has been raised., for the ]5urnose 
of procui'ing a sword as aforesaid- In the commiit- 
tlie weohsc-rve the names of some of the gentlemen 
oi' X.\\c senate "f JMassachunetts \v\\o solemnly voted, 
that it did not bL-come a " moral and religiour, people'* 
to rejoice at our victories, and we hail with pleasure 
tlijir r- turn to patriotism. 

Copy of a letter from Com. O. JI. Perry to the Secre- 
tary 'ftlie ninnf, tinted 

' United Sihu-s' sclir. Aiifcl, Put-in- Bay, Sept. 24, 1813. 
SiH — I Iitve lao honor to acquaint you, tJiat about 
twelve hundred troops were 3esterday traiispnited 
to a small .'shuid dist vnt about 4- leagties from Mal- 

Tiie lamented burrows died more valiLinii} ; and the 
iin-tunate Perry equalled him m the boldest of his 

From the London Courier of Jxdy 20. 
Several small squadrons h.ive been detached in 
search of commodore Rodgers, and the other fri- 1 my power to say, that the utmost harmony prevails 
g-tes v.hic'i lately escaped out of the Americsnj between tlie army and nsvy. 

ports. Commodore Ridgers having waterea at I !iave thehonor to be, &c. O. II. I'EERY. 

:NorUi Bergen, sailed tliciice on the 2d iiist. Lord. ^^^^ ^^^ ^^„^,. ^,.^^ j^ j^j^,^ j yamallto t!ie Secre- 

tary of the navy, dated, 

U. S. schooner Lawiviict-, Erie, 23d Septemljer 1813. 
Si!( — I liave tlie honor to announce to you my safe 
arriv:J liere with the U. S. sclir Lawrence. She 
has on bo ird all the sick and wouiulod of tiie squa- 
dron. I have miide such arrangements as will contri- 
bute mucli to their relief. Died of the typhus fever, 
iiichard 'WilUiams and Henry A'anpooi, marines, 
during our passiige from Put-in-bay. 
1 have the iionor to be. Sec. 

The hon. Jl'ilHam Jone.t, 

Hecretai-y of the jVavy. 


Copy of a letter from Comwodore Rodgerv to the Se- 
cretary of tlie navy, dated 

U. S. frigate President, NVwport, Sept. 27, '-io. 

Sin — Your havmg been miormed of my leaving 
Boston on the 23d of April last, and of my depar- 

A. Deauclerk sailed from Si. Helen's on Thursday, 
with tiie Royal Oak and Seahorse; tlie iion. captain 
Paget is gone from Fl} mouth, with the Superb, 
Meiielavs, and Fly ; and admiral Young has detach- 
•d several frig,.tes from his fleet, to go north about. 

A cartel has arrived at New-York with 151 pri- 
soners from St. Johns, Newfoundland. 

About 6(J sadors passed througii Montgomery, N. 
Y. for the lakes, on the 24th inst. It is said the 
greater part of have just returned from tlie 
British prison ships, immediately vohmteering to 
fight for the acknowledgment of those rights tiiat 
jiad been so grossly violated in their own persons. — 
Tliey were impreioed men, discharged at the begin- 
ning of the war, and hehl as p.-isoners for cichange. 

Capt. Blyth, killed on board the Boxer, had dis- 
tinguisiied Himself at the conquest ofCiyenne, and 
received of the prince regent of Ewgiand a hand- 
some present in money to purchase a sword or soine 
other memorial. His opponent, the invincible ulnr- 
ro-ws, had little or no experience in the business of 
a battle, and the gallant .1/'C'«//, (on whom the com- 
m.ind of the Enterprize devolved) had never even 
seen a fight ! 

Tlie Enterprize and Boxer. — A gentleman just at 
riveii fiom tiie eastw 

* Tills is a "custom more honored iii the breach 
than liie observance." The cciiiipllnsent is well 
enoiujh ; but it goes to sustain an old Englinh arls- 
tocrailcal us.ige, n^jnigiiaiit to the whole spirit of 
our instit'itiniis. Ii rii.iy be useful to o!)ser%e, 
i, wlio was in A7. ./'ci/i/is when [in most of the tt)wr.s and cities of y'/ce England,' a 
the iio.i-er sailed fiom that port, on her last cruize, 1 man cannot exercise certain trades or |)r()fe.«sions 
(says the Boston Patriot J states, that great exer-; therein, or be eligible to office, uiiie.'is he has served 
tions were made at ,SV. Johns several days bcf)re the an apprenticeship there, or obtains the " freedom of 
Boxer sailed by the govei-nraent ofiicers, as well as tfr.; city," by purchase, or in compliment. 


tare from President Road in comp.tny witli the 
Co.igrcss, on tiie 30lh of" tlte Siinie nioiitli, it now 
only remains for me lo make you actjUitinted witli 
my proceeding- since tiie latter date. 

in a few liours afier getting lo sea, the wind, which 
had been light from tiie westward shifted to the S. 
E. and obliged me lo beat, consequently prevented 
oui- getting clear of the isay, untd the 3d of Mhj, 
Vfhen in tlie afternoon while in chase of a British 
brig of war, near the shoivl of George's Bank, we 
passed to windward of tliree snil, two of which, 
f om tlieir ipp>e^-anceaiid tlie information previous- 
ly received, I judged lo be tlie La Hogue 74, and 
aSIymph fngnte and the tliird a merchant bng-. Af- 
ter geUmg clear of George's Bank the wind veered 
to liie nor ii eastward, and we continued along east 
ts jutherly, in tiie direction of thesouihernedge of the 
Ciulf Sii-eam until tlie 8th of May in long. 6iJ, W. lat. 
39, 3U,N. when I partea comp;my with the Congre s. 
Af -i" parting company I siiaped a course as near 
as the wind would permit, to intercept the enemy's 
West India commerce passing to the southwaid of 
tiie Grand Bank ; not meeting witli any 'hing in this 
«iiecuon except American vessels from Lisbon ami 
Cadiz, 1 next pursued a route to the norlliwardon a 
parallel with the eastern edge of the Grand Bank, 
so as to cross tlie tr.cks of his West India, Haiifix, 
Queb:-c, ;md St, Joiin's trade. In this route expe- 
riencing constant tiiick fogs for a number of days, 
and not meelnig any tiling, after reaching the lati- 
tude of 48 N. I steered to the S. E. towards tlie 
Azores, off wnich, n different directions, 1 continu- 
ed until the 6ih of June, witliout meeting a single 
enemy's vessel, or any others, exc'.'pt two Americans. 
At this time falling in with an Americ-m ship bound 
to Cadiz, and receiving information that slie h:id, 
lour days before, passed an enemy's convoy fi om 
the West Indies bimnd to England I crowded sail to 
the N. E. and, although disappointed in falling in 
With tlie convo}-, I nevenlieless made four captures, 
between t!ie 9th and 13tli of June. 

Being now in the latitude of 46 N. and long. 28 
W. I determined on going into tlie Xorth Sea, and 
accordingly shaped a course that afforded a pros- 
pect of failing in with vessels bound to Newfound- 
Luid from St. Geoi*g'e's channel, by the way of G.ipe 
Clear, ms weilas others tiiiit might pass north about 
to the nortiiward of Ireicnd : to my astonishment, 
however m rdl this route I did no' meet with a single 
vessel, until I made the Siietland Islands, and even 
off there nothing but Danish ve.-,sels trading to Eng- 
land under Britisli licences. At the time I i-eachc<i 
the Shetland Inlands, a consideraljle portion of m_\ 
jirovisions and water oeing expended, it became ne- 
cessary to replemsii tliese, previous to determining 
wli:it course to pursue next; and 1 accordingly for 
thiS purpose, put into North Bergen on the 27th of 
June; but, mucii to my surprise and disiijipoint- 
ment, was not able to obtain any tiling but water, 
tlierc being an unusual scarcity of biead in ever_\ 
part of Norway, and at tlie time not more in Bergen 
tli.« 1 a bare suiticiency for its inhabitants for four 
or five weeks. Tliis being the case, replenish- 
ing my water I departed on the 2nd of Jtd\', unci 
strelc-Iicd over tov/ards tlie Oikney Islands and from towards the Nortli C.qic for tlie purpose of 
intercepting a convoy of 25 or 30 s.ul, which it was 
said would leave Arcliangel about the middle of 
July under the protection of two brigs or two sloops 
of wir; and wliicli was furtlier confirmed by two 
vessels 1 captured on tlie 13ih and 18th of the same 
monili. In this object iiowever the enemy had liit- 
go'jd fortune to disappoint me, by a line of battle 
ship and a frigate making their appearance off' tlie 
Soriii Cape en the J9lh of July, just as Jl vvits in 

momentary expectation of meeting the convoy ■ on 
firs I I iscovering the enemy's two ships of w^j", not 
being able owing to tiie luzniessof tiie weather, to- 
ascertain tiieir clmracter with pi-t-cision, 1 stood to-' 
wards them until out what they were, 1 liuid- 
ed by the wind on tlie opposite tuck to uvoid them : 
but, owing to faiiii, varl.Jde winds, c.dms, and entire 
dciy liglit (the sun in that latitude at that season, 
appearing at midiught several degrees above the 
horiz(m) they were ennbleo to coniiime tlie chase: 
upwards of 8i> iioiu-3 ; during whicii time, owing to- 
different changes of the wind in their favor, tliey- 
were brought quite us near to us as w.;s desaabie. 
At the time of meeting with the cncmv's two slnps,, 
the privateer sciiooner Scourge of New-Yoik, whick' 
I had fallen in wdii t)ie day liefore, was in eon.pany ; 
but their attention was so much en!^rosse<i by the 
President that the}' permitted tiie Scourge loesc^pft 
without appearing to t;.ke an}- notice of her. 

B dng thus disappointed m meeting with the con- 
voy, and a still further portion of my provisiun.s 
being expended, I determmeil to proceed to a more 
wesierl} station, and accortliiigly steered to g'-iii' 
the direction of the trade passini.; out of and nito 
die Irish Cbannel In this position between the 2oili 
of July iuiii 2d of August, ! made thri-e cap'ureSp 
v/iien, finding tli:.t the enemy l^ad a supciior ♦<>rce 
in that vicinity, 1 found it expedient to cii.inge my 
ground ; and after taking a crcuit round lieliud, 
and getting into tiie latitude ol Cape Clear, steered 
for the bands of Newfiiundh.iid, near to whicii I 
m ide two more captures, and by tiie latter one found 
tliat the Helleroplion 74 and Hyperion fng:^te were 
on the eastern part of the Bank, and onh,- a few miles 
to the westw'.rd of me; 1 however did not fall in 
With them. From die eastern edge of the Giand 
Bank, to which 1 had Oeat all the way from tiie N. 
W. coast of Ireland (die wind having prevailed 
without intermission, from tlie 1st of August to the 
middle of September fi-om West to soutii west) 1 ' 
steered for the United Si-i.e'-,witlu)Ut sceinga single 
vessel of any kind until tlie 22d of tlie present 
niontii, being near the South Siical of Nantucket, I 
met with a Swedish brig and an Amtricun c-.rtel 
(t!ie Russian ship liofl'uung) from London, bound to 

By this 'ime my provisions, an<l piirticid.n-ly bre:id, 
wa.s soneai-ly consmned as to m;ike it indispensalily 
necessary tiiat I siiouid put into tlie first convenient 
port after gaining tlie requisite information of tlie 
dis]*osition of tlie enemy's ci-ui?frs as could enable 
me to steer clear of a superior force ; and this I was 
enabled to do in a manner wiiich 1 sliall communi- 
cate in another letter.* On 23d inst. 1 c.=plured 
hiS Britannic mijesty's sclir. High Flyer, (tender to 
admiral Warren) with wiiich veosel 1 now have to 
infoim jou of my arrival at tins port. 

Annexed is a list of vessels captured and destroy- 
ed, in winch Were made 271 prisoners. 1 liave now 
however, only 55 prisoners on boarcl, having sent to 
England on piroie 78 in tlie JL>uke of Montrose ; 7^ 
in tli« Greenknd ship Eliza Swan, and 62 in the 
barque Lion, of Liverpool. 

During my cruise, althotigh 1 not had it in 
my power to add any additional lustre to tlie ciia- 
racter of our liiile UKvy, 1 iiave nevertiteiess rendei- 
esd essential service to my country, I hojie, by iiar- 

* It is understood that com. liodgers, when lie saw 
the Higii Flyer, luckily or proviiientially lioisttd a 
tlag tiiat happened to l>e the private Bnti>!i signal of 
he day. The High Fiver came to him, and believ- 
uig him British, communicated what he d(-sired,^ 
with a knowledge of ail the signals of the Britisli, 
navy. — ;^>. 



ffartin J the enemy's commerce, and emplojnng to his 
disadvaiit.ig-e more than a dozen times tlie t«rce ofu 
sin.s^le frif^ate. 

M^ ofHcers and crew have ex]:>erienced great pri- 
vations since I left tlse United States, from being 
ne-irlv five months at sea, and living t'ne last ttiree 
months of that time npon a scanty allowance of the 

thnr nlcxsuit I 

London, with a cargo of rum, sugar and molasses j 
ordered her for the United States. 

Sept. 9. Brig Fly, of Bermuda, James Bowey 
mssler, of 6 j;uns and 9 men, from Jamaica bound 
to Ijfjndun, with a cargo of coffee : ordered her t© 
tlie United States, 

S.-pt. 23d. His Britannic majesty's schooner High 
Fijer, lieut. George Hutchinson commander, of five 

roughest fu-e ; and it is with peculiar p , . 

acquaint you diat they are all in bctler health than | guns, 5 officers, and j4 men 

migiu be expected, aitliougli you may well aippose j TnEMExnors battle on lake osTAsro. then- seamy allowance has not been of any ad- Extract of a letter to the secretary of the iiavy, dated to their strength or appearance. 

Tiie Higli i''iyer was commanded by ileut. Hutch- 
inson, second of the St. Uonungo. She is areniark.- 
able fine vessel of her class, sails very fast, and 
would make an excellent lighi cruizer, pwvided the 
goveimnieni li.ive occasion tor a vessel ot her de- 
sci iption. 

J list at the moment of closing my letter, a news- 
p.ip»r has been handed me con tain, iig capt Brok.e'» 
ch dienge to my late gallant friend c apt. L -.wreuce, 
ill which he mentions willi considerable emphasis tin; 

Hend-qua Iters, Fort Geor^f, Sept. 9, 1813. 

"I enclose vou a letter from commodore Chauncey, 
wliich he put into my hands tlu day before yester- 
day, and beg leave to add the following brief but 
interesting detail 

"The commodore entered this port on the 24th 
instant with his squ.uAron. On llie 26th we received 
s.iti.sfactory infornixtion direct from York, that oa 
ihe day of the commofiore's arrival here (Friday the 
24ih)"the British squadron was on the opposite This communication being made to the com- 
modoi-e lie promptly ascertained the fact to his sa- 
tisfaction, and on the 27tli in the evening left port in 

pains he had taken to meet the President and Con 
gress Witii tiie Shmnon and Tenedos. 

It is Uiiiiccessarv at present to take furtlier notice j quest of his antagonist. YesTerday morning- his sqna- 
of capcain B.-oke's observations Jian to say, if that|dron was descried near mid chmnel, between this 
was his disposition, his conduct was so glaringly! place and York, standing for tiie latter place, and 
opposit?- as i.o authorise a very contrary belief. Ke-iaiJout noon we discovered by tlie smoke in which 
l.iiivetoc: pt. Broke, 1 have only funher to say, that his vessels were occasionally enveloped, that he was 
5 hope iie h..3 not bciii so severely wounded .is lo closely eng-iged and h-.d the wind of the enemy, 
ni.ike it I .w.T/cieiU reason io prevent his re-assunung who were scircely discernable. We could, however, 

Wiih the aid of our glasses, distinctly perceive that 
the British squailrnn was forced to leeward towards 
the head of tlie lake,- and the action continued 
Without intermission un'il we lost sight of the stern- 
most of our vessels about tiiree o'clock, P. M. The 
issue must tlieretbre liiiv« been decisive, bec.uise 
tlie breeze fresiieived, without any change in its di- 
rection, and the n UTOwness of the lake made it im- 
possible for the vanquished party to escape by any 
m uioeuyre. 

" I have no do«bt the victory is ours, but am ap- 
prehensive it has cost us dear; since the batteries 
of the enemv were superior to those of our squ^idron, 
and the British commander is an officer not only of 
desperate resolution but of great naval skill. 

"If commodore Chauncey has survived, which I 
implwre Heaven may be the case, we shall behold 
hun mantled witli glory, as his ship was yesterday 
belield wiapt in the flame and smolte of her bat- 

A postscript to the above letter doted late in the 
evening, si»ys " a flag was sent to the British camp 
on the lake last evening; the receiving officer ac 
knowiedged we had the wind and observed that a 
vessel Iiiul been dismasted; this was observed frora 
the lieigiits of I^wistown also, and it is believed it 
Was tlie Koyal George, by the Pike. A vessel sup« 
posed to be tlie Woife, bore up to the relief of tli« 

the coaiiu iud of the Sii^nnon at a future aay. 
I hiive the honor to be, &c. 


T/je hon. William .Tonej, 

Sec^ru of the jVavy, IVasliinglon. 

Jjist of vessels captured and destroyed. 

9th of June, Drig Kiti\ , of Greenock, Robert Love, 
master, of 2 guns and 11 men, from Newfoundland, 
bound to AliC:mt, (Spam) with a cargo of codfish. 
Oi-.icred iier for F.-auce. 

10th Jane, packet brig Dake of Montrose, A. G. 
Blcwett, com minder, of 12 guns and 34 men, from 
F amoutii, bound to Hahf ix. Sent her to England 
as a c irtel, witli 7S prisoners. 

lllh June. Letter of Marque brig Mari.i, of port 
Glasgow, (Scotland) John B,dd master, of 14 guns 
and S5 me.i, from Xewtoiindland bound to S]jain, 
With a cargo of cod fisii : ordered lier for France. 

12lh June. Schooner Falcon, of Guernsey, John 
M lUger niasler, of 2 guns and 10 men, trom New- 
foiiiuii;ind hound to Spain, with a cargo of cod fish ; 
ordered for France. 

July 12. Brig Jean and Ann of Salt Coats, Robert 
Cdaweil master, from Corit bound to .Vrchangel, in 
ball ist, tooit out her crew and sunk iier. 

July 18. Bng Daphne, of Wiiitby, William Gales 
master, of 2 guns, and 9 men, from South Slneids 

bound lO .'Vrch'angel, in ballast : took out iier crew crippled ship, and eng.igei the Pik^r, and they went 

and sunk her. 

July 24. Skip Eliza Swan, of Montrose, Jolin 
Young master, of 8 guns and 48 men, from a Green- 
land whaling voyage; bound to Montrose witli fish 
blubber, ran.somed Iier for 5000 pounds sterling. 

July 29. Brig \lert, of Peterhead, G-'orge S hand 
maiiter, from Ai-oiiangel, bound to Oporto (via En- 
gland) With a cargo of pitch and tar : took out tJie 
crew andbui-nt her. 

Auj^ust 2. Barque Lion, of Liverpool, Thomas 
H .wki 13 m.ister, of 8 guns and 52 men from Green- 
land, whibng voyage bound to Liverpool, with fish 
blubiHT : r.iii.joined iier for .Ti)00 pounds sterling. 

August 30. Hermaproditc brig Sli.innon, of St. 
Kittb, John Pcriiuis master, from St. Ktt»« bound ^'^ 

out of sighi, covered witli smoke, and apparently 
about to board." 

"September 29th, eiglit o'clock, P. :M.— We have 
not, as yet, heard from Ciiauncey : the utmost does 
not exceed fif.y mder. to tiie end of tiie bay — but the 
Wind is still L iiegin to fear his victory may 
have COS', too miicli — f iiave sent out several small 
cratt to look for liiiii; but the sea whicii i^ running forced tliem back. It was visible the jPike bore 
tile brunt of tiie engagement." 

Copy of a letter from commodore Chavncey to ihe Mir 
crct'iry 'f the Vitvy, dufed 
U, S. shi;> Gwu-ral "PiUr, Niaijara rivi r, t;jth Sept. 1SI3. 
Sin — Afui liii I til-; honor of ;.(idie.-,-^iii;J, )ou on 
ihe l^tli, I coiiUiiued to blo^kudt; 'due enemy until 


the 17tli, when the wind blowing heavy JVom Ui 
WestWHrd, the enemy having run in'o Kingsion, and 
knowing lie could not move from tliHt pi ce beCor? a 
change of U'jiul, I took the opportunity of running 
into Suckett's Il&rbor. 

I rcm;iined but a few hours at the harbor nnd l?ff 
a'tat daylight on the morning of the ISth, but did 
not arrive licre until yeiterday, oWiUg to continual winds, not having laid otir course during the 


On the 19l1i I saw the enerav's fleet n^ ar 

■i^ne F; Ise Ducks, liit took no notice of him as I 
wished him to follow me up the Like. 

There is a report heie, and generally believed, that 
C.ipt. Perry his cupfur'-d the whole of he enemy's 
fleet on lake Erie. II' this sliould pro''':- true in all 
its details (and Cod grant thut it mjiy) he has im- 
mortalised himself and not disap]Jointed tile high 
expectations fornird of his talents and bravery. 

I have learnt frcMit a source which can he depended 
upon, tliat we did the enemy much more injury in 
©ur rencountre on the 11th than I had exp'ctrd — I 
find that we killed captain Mulcaster of 'he Roy-il 
G'j' rge and a ntunber of his men anci di ' cutsidtr 
j^ble injuiy o that ship, as well :is sevral o her ves- 
sels. IL was tivily unfortunate that vv" culd noi 
have brought tlie enemy to a general ac i ^n on thai 
day, as I am confideiu that tiie victory would have 
been as complete as that upon like Erie. I how ver the consoUtion to kaow thit every exertion 
was used to bring him to close action. If we did 
Bot .'.ucceed it was not our fatdt. 
I have tlie honor to be, &r. 

■y/ze hon WilUnm Joiies, 

>Sec'rij of the navi/, WanluiK'-iun. 
O;^ \ViJi inexpressible anxiety we look for the 
rcsidt of the battle, but it cannot reach us for the 
nreseut number of the Regisler. 


f Tiie fate of no cotmtry in Europe, (savs the Na- 
tional Advocate) except Polnnd, is more interesting 
than that of Denmu k. We extract from the Paris 
Moniteur the following expositions of lier affairs, 
which agrees exactly with the D.mish declaration on 
the same stibject, and is not contradicted by the 
London journalists, wiio ;idmit the whole extent of 
the baseness of the treatment she has met with from 
the British cabinet.] 

Her majesty the empress and queen regent has re- 
ceived tlie following intelligence from tiie army, dat- 
ed the 1 3th .Tune: 

Baron de Kaas, Danish minister of the 'nterior, 
desp.\tched-with letteis from the king, has been pre 
sented to the enipi^or 

After tlie aftiiir of Copenhagen, a treaty of alliance 
was conchided between J'rauce and Denmark. By treat)- the emperor guaranteed the integrity of 

In the year 1811, Sweden made known at Paris, 
the desire she \vm\ of uniting Norway to Sweden, and 
thrmancled t!ie assistance of Fj-ance. Siie was an- 
sAvered, tliat wiiatever wish France had to do an a- 
greeable thing to Sweden, a treaty of alliance having 
been concluded with Denmark, guaranteeing the in- 
tegrity of that jjower, iiis ni.'jest)' could not give his 
consent to the di.sriiembermcnt of the territory oi' 
his ally. 

From this moment Sweden detached herself from 
France, and entered irito licgjciatior.i with her ene- 

Afterwards, liie lictAvccn Fi-anco and Russia 
bee. .me imminent. Tlie Swedish court proposed to 
snake co;ximon cai;'se %iith Fraticc, btit at tiro saufio 

time renewing its propositions relative to "SroFPraj''. 
Ii was in vain >.hat Sweden represented, that from 
tiie Norwegian ports, a -iescent uijon Scotland wa's 
easy, it w:.s in vain thit she dwell upon all the gu.a- 
r;mtees wiuch the ancient alliance of Sweden gave 
Fr.-ince of the conduct she would follow 
Engl.-nd. The reidy of the c.ibinct of the Ti.udle- 
nes was the same ; it iiad its hands tied by tlie trea- 
ty wit.Ii Denm;iri<: 

F.vmi that moment Sweden kept no longer any 
measures; she contracted an alliancewiih Russia ar.d 
EiigLmd ; and tlie first s' ion of tliat treaty was 
tlie common engagement of compelling Denmark to Norv.' 'v to Suvden. 

Tiiv- i);.ttle3 of the Smolensk, and of the ]\foskw.';, 
restrained t!ie activity of Swe4eu ; she recc.ved 
some subsidies, m.ide some preparations ; but begriti 
no hostilities The events of the winter of 1813 v- 
rived, the French troops evacuated Hamburgh ; the 
•iituation of Denmai-k became perilous : at w,.r with 
England, thi'eatened by Sweden and Russia, France 
■ppeare(l unable to support h'»r. The king of Den- 
murk, with that fidelity wiiich ch-iraeterises him, 
.^ddl•ee ed himself to the emperor, in order to get 
out of this situation. Tiie emperor, who wisiies that 
his policy siiould never be at tiie expence of his al- 
lies, replied, that Denmark was at liberty to treat 
With England to save tlie integrity of her territory, 
and that his esteem and friendship for tiie ki,-.g 
diouid receive no diminiition from the new connec- 
t.on which the force of circumstances oblig-ed Den^ 
mark to contract. Tlie king expressed all his gra- 
titude at this proceeding 

Four ships' crews of very excellent sailors had 
been furnished by Denmark, and manned four ships 
of our Scheldt fleet. The king of Der.mark, during 
tliis time, having expressed a desire that these sai- 
lors siiould i)e restor d, tlie emperor sent thctTi buck 
to him with the most scrupulous ex:!Ctnes3, .it Uie 
same time expressing to the ofTic^-rs and seamen the 
satisfiction he felt at tiieir good conduct. 

Eve.its, howev'-r, proceeded. Tiie allies thought 
ilvit the revtnes of Burke were realized. T!ie 
F'cnch empire, in their iniagination, was alre.'dy 
cff.iced from the face of the globe ; and this i'lea 
must have predomin^'ied to a sci'.ange degree, when 
tiiey offered Denmark, as a compensation for Nor- 
way, our departments of the 32d milit;iry division, 
and even all Holland, in order to recompence in tiie 
north a maritime power, who should act in conjtinc- 
tion with Rvissin. 

The king of Denmark, far from suffering him.=.elf 
to be sui-]:)!ised by those deceitful offers, said to thein 
— 'you Wish, then, to give me colonies in Etirope, 
and ihat too to the detriment of France i" 

In the impossibility of m;^king the king of Deu- 
ni:.rk participate in so foolish an idea, prince Dolgo- 
rucki was sent to Copenhagen to demand that they 
should make a common cause with the allies, in con- 
sequence of which, tlie allies would guarantee the 
integrity of Denmark, and even of Norway. The 
urgency of circumstances, the imminent danger 
which Denmaik ran, the distance of the French ar- 
mies, her own yalvat;on, made the policy of Denmark 
give way. Tlie king consented, in return for the 
guar^uitee of !iis dominions, to cover H.imbtirg and 
ti*kee;) that town sheltered from tlie French armies 
during the war. He felt that :dl was disagreeable 
to tiie emperor in this stipulation ; he made all the 
UKj'lirications v.-hich it was possible to make jn it ; 
and ilid not even sign it, but hv giving way to the 
enti-e: ti'^s of all by whom he was surrounded, 
who represented to him the nec^psity of saving his 

! vtes ; but he was far from timikiiig it v s only a 
suave luid for h.ini. They wished to place him at 



war "ftitli Prance, and after making him by this niey- ed ;ind could only be considei'ed as military sngges. 

sure lost- in iliat circiir.islance his natural support, 
tliey would li.ive broken their word, d.nd oblii,''fd him 


Tile king indignantly refused this insolent sum- 

to suliscrihe to all the sliameful couditions ihcy ciiose mons. Meanwhile, the prince royul, having arr ved 

to impose on lum. 

M. de Beriistoi-ff proceeded to London ; he ex- 
pected to have been eagerly received there, and to 
have nothing more to do th:.n renew the treaty con- 
cluded with prince Dolgorucki : but wliat was his 
astonishment when the prince regent refused to re- 
ceive the king's letter, and when lord Castlereagii 
gave him to undei-slnnd, there could be no treat} 
between Englanil ind Denmark unless, as a preii 
minary ar'icle, Noi/way was ceded to Sweden. A 
few days after, count Bemstorfl received an order to 
return to Denmark 

At tile s <me moment similar languap^ was held 
to count Motike, envoy fnmi D-nmark to theempe 
ror Alex.mder. Prince Dolgorucki was dis;ivowe') 
as hiving excee'led his poweis: and (hiring this 
time the Danes were giving tlieir notincation lo the 
French army, and some hostilities took piece ! 

We shull in v:tin open the ann ds of nations to dis- 
cover in them policy more immorul. It was at the 
moment that Denmark found herself thus engaged 
in a \tiir witli France, th it the treaty lo wliicli siie 
■w^as conforming was at the same time disai'owed at 
London and in Russia, and th?.t advantage was t;ik- 
en of tlie embarrassments in which that power wa.s 
placed, to present her as an idfiniatum \v\th a treat\ 
which engaged her to acknowledge the cession of 
Norway ! 

Under those difficult circumstances the king shew- 
ed the greatest confidence in the emperor; he de- 
clared his treaty void ; he recrdled his troops from 
H.imh\u-g ; he ordered his army to march with the 
'.French army ; and, in short, he declared tliat he s' ill 
considered himself as allied to Fr.nce, and that he 
relied upon tlie emperor's magnanimity. 

The pnsiient de Kaas was sent to the French 
he,:d-q«.irlei's, with letters from tjie king. At tlie 
same lime ihe king dispatched to Norway the here- 
ditary prince of D-^nmark, a young prlnoe of the 
higliest nrondse, and particul<irly beloved by the 
Norwegians. Hr> set outd'isguised as a sailor; threw 
hmiself into a fishing boat, and arrived in Norway 
on the 22d of May. 

On the 30th M:>y, the French troops entered Ham- 
burg, and a Dunislt division which m.arched with 
our troops entered J. u'oeck. 

Baron de Kaas, while at Altona, experienced an- 
other scene of perfidy, equal to the first. Tlie en- 
voys from the allies came to his lodging-s, and gave 
him to understand, that they renounctil the cession 
of Norway, and that on condition of Denmark mak 
ing common cause wiih the allies, it should no h»ii- 
ger be made a question ; they conjured him to delay 
his departure. 

The reply of \l. de Kaas was simple— "I have m} 
orders and must execute them." They told hini 'liej 
French armies were defea'ed ; that did not move him; 
he continued his journe}-. 

However on the olstof May, an English fleet ap- 
peared befors Copenhagen ; one of tlie ships of war 
anchored before tlie town, and Mr. Thornton jjresent- 
ed himself. He slated that tlie allies were' to 
commence hostilltii-s, if, wilhin foriy-cighl hours, 
Denmark diil not s gu atrealy, the principal condi- 
tions of which were, lo cede Norway lo Sweden, to 
immediately give up, eii d>'pot, the jirovince of Dron- 
theim, and'to'fumish 25,000 men to act witli the al- 
lies ag.iinst France, and conquer the indemnities, 
which were to be the portion of Di-nmark. He at 
the .same time declu-ed, tliat the overtures made to 
M. de. Kuas, on his joui-aey to Altona, were dlsavow- 

m Norway, published the following* proclamation. 

" NuuwEoiANs !— Your kmg is sen.slble of, and ap- 
preciates your unsl) -ken fid'd.ty, bodi to himself and 
tlie dynasty of the kings ot Norway and of Denmark, 
who have, for centuries past, reigijed over \ our sires 
and youraelves. His paternal desire is to drav,' still 
closer t!ie indissoluble ties of brotlierly love and the 
un;on which prevail between the people of the two 
kingdoms. Tlie heart of Federick YI. is ever with 
you ; but his cares of watching over every branch of 
the administration of the state, deprives him of being 
personally in the midst of his good people of Nor- 
way. It is for this reason tiiat he has sent me among^^t 
you, as governor, to execute his will, as if he was 
present. His orders shall be my laws. My efforts 
..liall be to g ihi his affection .ukI confidence. Perh; ps 
di.'Mcult trials await us. Dut, placing confidence 
in Providence, I shall without fear, be the first to 
m& t the storm that may threaten us ; and with your 
aid, faithful Nonvegian.s, I shall s irmount all obsta- 
cles. I know I may rely upon fidelity to the king ; 
that it is \ our wish to preserve inriolate the ancient 
independence of Norway ; and that the motto which 
unite us is. For God, the kincc, and the cwitry." 

Pr-.nce of Denmark and Norway, governor of 
the kingdom of Norwisy, and gei.eial in 
Tlie confidence which the king of Denmark had 
in the emperor has been entirely justified, and all 
the bonds between the two nations have been re- 
e.stablished, and strengthened. 

The French army is in Hamburg; a Danish divi- 
slon follows its motions to support it. The English, 
oy their policy, obtained only shame and confusion ; 
the wishes of all worthy meii accompany the here- 
ditary of Denmark into Norway. ' What ren- 
ders thesruiitionof Norway critical.'is the want of 
jDvovlsions ; hut Norway shall remain Danlsli— the 
integrity of D^-umark 1;; guaranteed b}- France. 

The bombardmeiil of Copenhagen whilst an Eng- 
lish minister was still with the kmg; the bumingof 
the capital with the fleet, without a declaration of 
war, or any previous iio.stili'.y ; appeared to be the 
most od'ous scene of modern hlstorv ; but the 

iurnlng of Ocpi 
111 ii we observe that policy of which the houses 

crooked jjolicy winch leads the English to demand 
die cession of a province, hippy for so n.any \ears 
un.ieriiie .sceptre of the house of Holstem, ana tlie 
series of intrigues lo which they !.iave had recourse 
to obtain this odious rriiult, shall be ccnsidered as 
more Immoral and more outrageous than even the 
ohser^•e that 
of Timour;.naof .Sicdy have been the vicums, and 
v.lilch has despoiled them of tiieir dominions. The 
Enghsli are accustomed in India to be never slopped 
by any idea of justice — ^ihey follow this policy in 

U appears that in all tha negociations which the 
allies have iiad u ith England, the powers the great- 
est Enemies to France h;ne been disgusted by the 
excessive pretensions of the Eng!!;5h government. 

Tlie basis even of the |x-ace of Luneviile are de- 
cLared by the Eiigiish to be ;n.»dmis.-,i;de, as too fa- 
vorable to France. 

M.idmeii ! They nre deceived hi their latitude, 
and take Frenclinieu fnr H.ndoos. 


A Sjiinlsh pnvat.ei- ins cairled :nto Enghind a 
Danish vesiei from Enj^laiid, bound to Fi'/.iicc having 


a British licence. Spaifi is nt war with Deanicirk and 
.Fr;tuce. A new qiicsiion i'ov an acUniraity court wil 
now arise. The pnvateer and lier prize were takeii 
into naval cubtody. 

Despatciies from our mir.lsler in France have been 
received by u very late arrival at Jiostou. lieport 
Bays they are imporiant. 

It is said to be ascertained in Tiirlcey, that vacci- 
nation renders an mdividiiai unsoscep' iblc of tiie 

Murat has appointed his wife queen regent of Na- 
ples, and proceeded to his command in tlie grand 
riimy of Napoleon. 

Tjic French empress afler meeting her ImsLand 
at Mayence, and spendinji' a few days with him, iias 
rctiiraed to P.i.ris. 

Bad ne~Lus from ATe.rico. — It was only in tiie last 
nnmber th .t we piib!l-;h.M Benmdo's proclamation, 
holding out tne most flattering jjroopects of the pro- 
gress of repablicanism in Texas. We have now the 
unple.isant duty to record tiie reverse that follows, 
p^.'litely communicaied to tlic editor of llie Ite-^hter 
fiom a soiii-ce tnat forbids iiim to hope it is ever 
doubtful : 

From the Red River Herald — Extra. 
Extract of a Idler- from a ffeiilieman nf the fr^i re- 

spcctab.litij, dated JWilchituciies, Sept. 4, and re- 
ceived by this dui/''.i mini. 

*'l am sorry to inform you, the Republican army 
of Texas wePf, onUielSii! ultimo, entirely defeat- 
ed, 20 miles beyond .S(. Antonio, h} the ai-my n< 
Arradfjiiilo. General Toliedo attacked them in tiieir 
c^mp, a well ciiosen position, witli a Ibrce of ab;>iii 
©ne to tiiree. 

Tiie royalists (mostly regular troops from the iv- 
terior) were at {i;-st beaten and driven some distance 
v/ith t!ie loss of three pieces of c;ini)on .md many 
killed. General Toiledo, suspecting an .unbusca.le, 
ordered his troops to lialt .md firm on a better I 
j^round, but the Americans witii an Inciescribabie 
enthusiiism and impetuosity in despite of every ex- 
ertion of their olticers, rushed into the am!)u»cade,j 
■where many pieces of tiie cannon of tjie enemy were j 
©pened on them by w'lich tiu-y were mostly de- ' 
«ti-oyed — sucli as were not, revredt<;d in confusion, i 
leaving ever}' tiling beliind him. General Tolledo,j 
<;olonels Kemper and l\:rry, with about sixty others,} 
h><ve arrived at N.^cogdoches, and report says asl 
many more are at Tnnity. W. B. Wilkinson," wtioj 
v.'as ill the battle .acting as aid to general Tolicdo, ^ 
arrived here yester<lay and returned this morning': 
with aniiimciation to enable such .as were at Nocog--' 
eiochcs to m..'jke u stand, and as far as possible cover 1 
♦i)C retreating reiimanl of ijie ai-nix, wlio are hourly I 
ooming in, | 

Three hundred fumilics Iv^d I'-ft S*. Anionia .ind 
L'l Bahja. ibr this piHce, ^00 ot" Uiem women on foot,' 
esca])ing irom die biuoiiy vengeance of Arradondo, ; 
\vlio, :(t Atlimea and S diilico distmgui.shcd himself:' 
by p'.iUing women and ciiihlren to death. I 

It is ])i()bai)l(^ 300 Americ ms are lost, and thei 
■W:-!f)k> coimtry between iiio Grande and the S.ibinej 
will be desolated. We can yet form notliing like a| 
lis' of the wliolc nnmbcr kiflyd. 

From jiersons wlio are hourly arriving hei-e we are 
led to believe v.'e sli.dl in a fev.* days have s-.vcrid 
hua.l'.'Cfl of t'le most vv.retciied of hum«n beings 
fleeing from tlieir comttry and llieir homes to s.ive 
thtir liVcs. 

Doctor Forsythe is, safe at Nacogdoches. Wiilicim 
Sloccum, tiie two'Gormleys ar.d Castou of the i\!is 
.sissipjii icrritory, are r.iissir.g. 

How safe we arc h .'re, in doubt-fii ; a lilt'.- '.m:- 
■will shew us.. 

A letter from Hayanna, d.ated 18, say^^:— '■ A 
vessel iias just come in from Vera Crj.'i, whicli lirin^p 
tiie mel:-<nch(;ly intelligence tliat El Curo Jiorma at 
tne head of 3U or 40,ol'0 rcpubhci.ns, has taken pos- 
session of the i-ich province J)e Oxana and Del Pu- 
erto De Acaputcb. TIie revolution makes progress, 
and nothing iienceforth can slop it. 

We have a verbal report that Austria has joined 
tlie allies ! — It is very imin-oboble. 

American Prizes. 

■Wt.eki.t list — ro^TiNuiin raoii page 79^ 

"Thf winds and ar'- Brila'n's w'ulo iToiiaiii, 
".^nd not a sail, but by permmion siir'-aris !" 


532, 58.". A bi-ig and a sloop, sent into Machias, 
by rhv^ Industr-, O' S d.^n. 

' 584. P ick'.-' L .pwnig, captured by the Rattlesnake 
privateer, (fitted out at Bordeaux) and sent into 
F ilipoiith as a cartel. 

58.), 585. Two sh ps taken by the True Blooded 
Yinkire, .uid sent iino France. 

58r. Sloop Travelh-r, with a cargo of 52 pscktges 
of dry goods, 13 casks red wine, 70 crates crockery 
ware, 68 casks of copperas, 15 hhds. alhim, 4 do. 
do. sugar, sent into iVIrchias, by the privateer boat 

588. Packet Duke of Monlmse, captured by the 
Pn^sident frigate and seui to Engbnd as a carlel. 

5K9. Brig Jane ajid Ann captured by ditto, and 

590. B ig D.phne, capUired by dilto, nnd sunk; 

591. Ship Eiizii, 8 guns, captured i^y ditto, and 
ransfjmcd for .f 5d00. 

59:. Brig Aler', cwptured by ditto and burnt. 

583. Ba -que L >n, of 8 gims, capttired l)y ditto, 
and ransomed f>r^oOOO. 

594. " Hin mtijestij'.^" schooner Highflyer, 5 guns, 
captured by ditto, and bioiiglit into Newport, R. I. 

d^r" Several o^ the President's prizes are yet 1o be 
iieard of— some were or.ler.^d for France and others 
for the United States. AVe npprcliend that this 
r-insoming is a " business." U is comrary to the 
F.'iijlish laws to pav it, and honor wdi not do much. 
Better had Ihey went "doiim cellar." 

593. Slrip IndustiT, s-nt into B. rgen (Norway) 
by the True Biooded Yankee, and there sold. 

' A London paper sa} s, Xh'' Congress frigate 
has captured and dc-'iroycd 5 vessels fron. Sotith 
.•\nierica. The President'has on bo ird a considera- 
ble quantity of valu.iible articles taken from the 
prizes sh'? destrnved. 

596. Sli'p London Packet, 14 guns, from Buenos 
Ayres, for London, l.iden with 16,000 bides, &c. cap- 
turedby the letter of marque brig .\rgus, nf Boston, 
on her'vovage from France, and sent into Boston, 
where the'hng has also arrived. The prize is esti- 
mai^d at 1*16 ,',000. 

597. Brig A lantic, from Trinidad for Cork, laden 
with 320 hhds. sin 

90 st-roons of indigo, and other 
commodities, c.a^vtured by the same and 
Uniied States. Tlie 
inrligo, worth 18 oi- 20,000 dollars was taken out of 
the ])rize and is safe. 

'^98. Brig J me, captured by ditto, and ransomed 


ordered for lie first port in tli 

to c. 

■spo ;.' of th(- prisoners taken in tlic above. 

599. Brig Jan-, m ba!l:^st, captured bythc Snap 
D.-.ig >n, an.i given up to dispose of her pri.=ioners. 

600. Brig Venus, c:.ptin-ed by ditto and ditto. 
601 Scliooner Elizabeth, captured by ditto, di- 

•■•c-ted of her vah' articles and given up. 

603, 603. Brig Hni^py an^-i bai^que Reprisal, cap- 
Lujed by ditto, and ditto. 



!No. 7 OF vol,, v.] 

BALTIMOKK, SATURUAV, October 16, 1813. 

[whole no. 111- 

— i -— =4 

fixe olim meminisse juvalnt. — \'irgil. 

Printed aiid puhlisiieil by H. Nili;s, SouUi-st. next door lo the Merch.Mits' Coffee House, at $ 5 per anni. 

Patriotism of Tennessee. 

Soon after the legislature of Tennessee, noW in 
session, had convened, information reached them of 
the late horrible massacre on the Mobile. The fol- 
lowing official acts, the spontaneo-us result of the 
impression sucli an event was likely to make on the 
rainds of hii^h-minded freemen, have been oblitjingly 
handed for publication. Tiiis is the genuine pa- 
triotism of a republic— pi-ompt, energetic and with- 
out alloy. 

To repel the invasion of the state of Tennessee by 

the Creek Indians ; and to aflord relief to the ci- 
tizens of the Mississippi territory and for other 


Sec. 1. lie it enacted Inj the general assembly of 
the state of Tennessee, tliat of the militia of said 
state, tlie governor is hereby authorised to organize 
and march immediately any number not exceeding 
three thousand hve hundred men ; in such propor- 
tions of infantrj-, riflemen, cavalry, artillery, Jind 
mounted infantry, as the governor and commanding 
general may deem proper for the public service — to 
any place in the Creek nation of Indians or in the 
Mississippi territory, wivere said troops may give re- 
lief to the citizens of said territory, and repel the 
invasion of the state of Tennessee by said Indians 
and their allies. 

Sec. 2. Be it enacted, That the governor of Ten 
nessee be .and he is hereby authorised to contract for 
and supply said troOps with provisions, ammunition 
and arms at tlie expense of said state, until the ge- 
neral government make provision for said trooj^s 
and to draw on the treasurers of said state for the 
money ; or borrow tiie same of either the banks in 
Tennessee, or any other source at a rate of interest 
usual in said banks. 

Sec. 3. Be it enacted, That in the event the gene- 
ral government refuse to pay the aforesaid troops, 
for their services, as other similar troops are paid 
by the said government ; then and in tjiat event, 
said troops shall be paid by the stale of Tennessee 
in the same manner the United States pay similar 

Sec. 4. Be it enacted. That each or either of the 
banks in Tennessee are hereby authorised to lend 
to the governor any sum or sums of money, not ex- 
ceeding three hundred thousand dollars to be used 
in supplying the atbresaid troops, or for their pay, or 
the purchase of ammunition or arms. 

Sec. 5. Be it enacted. That any sum the governor 
may borrow under the provisions of tills act, i!ie re- 
venue of this sUite siiall be pledged to the lenders of 
the same and the interest — and in the event the ge- 
neral government do not pay the debts contracted by 
the governor, at tJie next session of the legislature 
of this stale a tax shall be laid on tlie taxable pro- 
perty of this state, sufliclent to raise the sum and 
th'- interests thereon, -which may be borrowed by the 

Sec. 6. Be it enacted. That the governor's war- 
rant on the treasury of this state, for tlie sum or 
*ums he may borrow, and the interests thereon, shall 
be sufficient and conclusive evidence of such debts, 

sum or sums advancevl from tlie time advanced, un- 
til said sum or sums be repaid, and that the interest 
shall be paid half yearly, agreeable to tlie rate of in- 
terest mentio'.^ed in the second section of this act. 
Speaker of t/ie Ilome of Jiefiresenf-ative^.- 
n. C. FOSTEli, 

speaker of the Senate. 
Sept. 25th, 1813~Dupllcate. 

Slnte of Tennessee, in ireiieral assembly, Sej>icmhef 
27 th, 18! 3. 

■\ the recent massacres committed by ths 
Creek Indians, on our southern frontiers, together 
with tlie unexpected ihimbcr of wari-iors of that na- 
tion vvliich IilVC lately resorted to arms agahist the 
United States, has produced a conviction on the 
minds of the members of this legislature, that the 
number of troops called for by tlie general govern- 
ment, to repel and subdue this savage enemy, is in- 
sufficient to answer the contemplated purpose, and 
the general assembly have directed three thousand 
five hundred addltlon;d trooijs to be raised in this 
state, to aid in supin-e.ssing tills new ally of the Bri- 
tish government, and as it is believed that tlie force* 
should also act under tlie direction of tlie general 
government, and be supported at the common ex- 
pence ; Therefore, 

Resolved, That the governor of this state be and 
he is hereby required forthwith to give immediate 
information to liie executive of the United States of 
the time when, and the place at which, the three 
thousand five hundred men will l)e prepared to obey 
the orders of the general government, accompanied 
Witli a request that the said troops be immediately 
received into tiie public service. 

Speaker of the /louse of Representatises 

Speaker of the Senate. 

Indian Warfare. 

The following letter from Judge Towlmin to the 
editor of tiie Raleigh Register, gives a particular 
account of the iate shocking massacre at Tensav/ : 

" J.Lohik; September 7. 

"Deau Sir — The dreadful cataatrophe which we 
have been some time anticipating has at leng-th taken 
place. The Indians have broken in upon us, in num- 
bers and fury unexampled. Our settlement is over- 
run, and our country, I fear, Ls on the eve of being 
depopiUated. The accounts which we received led 
us to expect an attack about the full mown of Au- 
and it was known at Pensacola, when the 
ammimition was given to tlie Indians who were to 
be the leaders of tJie respective parties destined t» 
attack the diUerent parts of our settlement. T!5« 
attempt was made to deprive them of dicir ammu- 
nition (issued by the Spaniards on the recommenda- 
tion of a British general) on their way from Pensa- 
cola (and in which it was said the Indians lost mora 
than 20 men, although o:dy one third of our peopj* 
siood their ground) it is highly i)robable in somo 
measure retarded their operations; and the steady 

and shall entitle the lenders to draw interest on the 'successio* of rain contributed to produce the sata^ • 
You. V. G 


effect, Had tlieir attempt been coiiJucted with incoiiceivubie rapidiiy, and got witliiii it before the 
more jiidj^ment and supported with more \-iy;or, | people of tlie fort haa anv oppjji'tiuniy of shutting 
there \vuuid h'we been an euii, for a time of|it. This decideil their fate. .VI jor IJe.i.sely was shot 
\rarf.xre. In consv<inence of the drl.y, our citizens Itlirough tlie bclh the gate. He c;ilied to the 
bee-.m to arrow cwreicss .an<i confident. ; and several 'men to take care of the amniunltioii and to retreat 

iamdies v.iio had removed from I'ensaw to For; 
Stoddert, i-eturned again and fi;ll a sacrdice to the 
mercil<r8s siivuge.s 

to tlie house. He wen; himselt to a kitchen where 
it IS supposed iie nr.ttst have been burn'. 

Tiie fin w.t^ orjj^in dly square. Major Heasely 

Our whole of defence wms erronfous. It wasiiiiui it eii) .rged, by exKndinglhe lines of t".o sides 
adopted by tiie citizens under ;.ii jmpei'fcct v,ew of aboiu 50 feet, ;);id puitinj^- «[) a nev>f side into which 

ti)tir d-iUger. From the [jest accounis wiiicli J CiUi 
obiain, 1 suppose th;it there must liave been twenty 
forts erected on ihe two sides of the nver' between 
i"(j.-t Stoddi rt anvLthe upper setilemenis, a dlst.-nce 
of aboui 70 miies, wh;cli in ■< cou!itr\- %o dnidy sei- 

l!.e g'-lc Was rern;)vetl The oul Imt of piciceis stood ;. 
and the Indions upon rusiimginto the t^ate, obtanied 
possession of ih>s ;uKliiio'nal pirt, and thi-ongli the 
ijort lioSes of the old line of pickets tired on tiie peo- 
ple who held ilu: interior. On the opposite side of 

tied as our-., cuuid noi b.j .^^;llned, even if tiiey iiie fort, an olTse! or has' ion was made round the 
fc..d been beUei- constructed. About the 2Uth ot'|b .ck gate, wiiic.h beuig- «.>))en on the oulside was also 
Auiius', mt'llig-ciice .was commuiucaled to us by j taken possession of by the Indituis, who with the 
tlie Ciioct:tw Indian-;, that m eight or ten d-iys, axes Which lay scattered about immediately began 
an attack w.itdil be made b)' distinct bodies of {to cut down ihe gate. There a bo-ge body of 
Creeks ',a Miiny'.-. F >rt, in the Tens.iw seUlement, jlndnns, though ttiey probably did not exceed 400, 
which is on ;!ie oast sni.? of Ai -.b.ini.i, neai-ly oppo- 1 Our pcopl. sei-med to sustain the attack with un- 
site to Fort Slodilert — on the forts in the fuks of j damned spirit. Tiiey took possession of the porL 
Tombigby ;ind Alabamji — on E.isely's fort, near tiie lioles in the o'her lines of the tort and fired on the 

Indians wlio remained in the Held. Some of the In- 

Ciioctaw ime on tlM> Tijinbigby — ; nd fiitall} on the 
Fort and United Stiite.s' iiouse at II. Hopkins. 
A very valuable oilicer, m ,jor Reasoiy of ihe Mis- 
sibS:p]ii Territory volunteers, connuanded at Fort 
Minis. About a mile or two from it was anoiher t'ov , 
at Pierce's mills ; and a few miles below that (jiace, 
at another mill a small part}- of sold:ers was also 
Stationed. Mima, however, were 
number of families and rjiMpcrly collected, i.-ems to 
m. ve b -en the sole obj;.cl o^' atl.ick in qu .rter. 
A (ew d-iys before the att.^ck, some negroes ot 
Mr. iVI'Girt's who Lved in cliat part of die Citiek 

dians got on the block liou;e, atone of the corners : 
but after firhig a good deal down upon the people 
they were disio.mded. They succeeded however in 
setting fire to a house near the |)ickets f om which 
il was communicated to the kitchen and from thence 
to the maiiv dwelling house. They attempted to do 
It by burninc'' arrow i, but faded. When the peojjle 
in tile ii>rt si-.w liie Indians retained full posses.sion 
of the outer coui't, that the gnte continued op.n, that 
tlieir men fell very fast, and that their houses were 
hi flames, they began to despond. Some determined 

ppioicli o* 

territory which is inhabited by half breeds, had been lo cut their way through ttie pickets .ind escape. — 
sent u[i the ALb.tu.a to his plantation f(jr corn; I Of the whole number ot whitemen and h.^lf-breeds 
three of them were liikei-i by ajiarly of Indnms. One|in the fort, it is supposed that not more thnn 25 or 

30 escaped and of tliese iTiany were wounded. 'J"li& 
rest and almost all the women and children +'ell a 
sacrifice either to the arms of the Indians or to the 
flames. The b.ittle terminated about an hoiu- or an 
hom'and a half before sunset. 

The infinniation tlius far, was given to me by a 
per.son of character and credibility, who was present 

escaped and brought ilown news of th 

the Indians. ■ Tii'e oiiicer gavu but httle credit to 

him; but they made some further preparation to 

receive the enemy. On the ne.\t d;iy \li\ .lames 

Cornels, a h.df-breed, and some white men, who 

been out on the 1 ;te buttle ground, aiiil discovered 

the trail of a considerubia boJy of indrms going 

towards Mr. .VI'G.rl'-*, came to tiie f)r: and infornied j during the wjiolc scene, and wiio escaped through 

the commanding fefacer, of the discovery. Though! the opening made in the pickets: The women and 

their report did not appear to receive full credit, 'children took refuge in an upper story of the dwel- 

it occasK^ned greater exertions; and Saturd;iy and i ling house: and it is said that the Indians when tiie 

Sunday, considerable work was done to jjut the fort 
in a state of defence. .Suiid.o' morning three negroes 
were sent out to att.'iid tiie cattle, who soon return- 
ed with an account that tliey had ^en 2Q liidi.ans. — 
Scouts w ere sent out to ascertain the truth of the 
report. They returned and dec! u-ed timt tiiey coiiKl 
seeiio si^tis of Indians. Oi'.e of th'* negroes belong- 
ing to Mr. Uandon w.^s w h pped for bringing what 
they deemed a false repo.t — He was sent out agnin 
on Monday, and saw a body of Indians approaching ; 
but afraid of being whi'pped he did not return lo 
Mims's, but to Pierce's fort; but before his story 
coidd be coiiiinunicated, the attack was made. The 
commanding othcer cslled upon IMr Fletciier, who 
owned another of tiic negroes, to <\ hip him — 
He believed the boy and resisted two or thiee appli- 
cations ; but at length tliey had him actually brought 
out for the purposa, \^hen the Indians appeared in 
view of the fort. Tiie gate was open. Tiie Indians 
had to come through an open field 150 yards wide, 
before they could reach the fort, and yet they were 
within thirty st'jjs ot the iin', at 11 in the morning, 
befo e they wei-e noticed. Ti:e sen:ry then g:<ve the 
cry <jt' ' liidi.ans !' and they Immediately set up a most 
teeribic war-wUuop aitd ruslitsg. imo the yatc with 

budding were in flames, danced round them with 
s iv«ge delight. The heljjless victims perished in the 
tiames. It is also reported, that when the buddings 
were burning and the few who remamcd were ex- 
posed to the lieavy fire of the enemy, they collected 
as many as they could of the guns of the dece ;sed, 
anil threw both them and the remaining stock of ,m- 
iiiunition into the flames, to prev£nl their becom.iig 
subservient m the h.mds of the Indians, to the de- 
struction of heir fedow citizens. Surely this was 
an instance of determined resolution and beni.volent 
for-sighl of which there are not many e.xaoiples. 

But notwithstanding the bravery of our fellow- 
cituens, the Indians carried all before them, and 
murdered the armed anil tiie helpless without i!.s- 
ciimin itiun. Our loss is 7 commissioned officers ami 
jboiit loo non-com missioned officers and privat's, 
of the first regiment of Mssissippi Territory volun- 
teers. There were aboui 24 fuudas of men, wo- 
men and children in tlie f irt, of whom almost all 
hive penslieii, amounting to about 160 souls. I 
reckon, howexer, among ihem about six fimilies of 
half breeds, and seven Indians. There were .Iso 
..bout 100 negroes, of whom < large jirojiortion were- 
iiiiled. The half-breeds nave uiutormiv done tliena- 


selves honor, and those wlio survive will alford great 
as:-iitance in the prosecution of tlie war. Some of 
tiie m!)st respectuble among them v.ere at Pierce's 
fort, and are ready v/itli all their dexterity and all 
tlieir courage, to aveng-e the death of tiieir friends, 
and tlie destruction of their property. It was princl- 
jj.tlly throur^ii them that we le.irat that the real ob- 
ject of the Indians, in obtaining ammunition at Pen- 
sacola, was to malce immediate war on tlie white 

whole vvilhin tlieir reach in one scene of desolation ' 
It is said lliat they have left their wives and chil- 
dren at a western frontier settlement of the Creekg 
on a brand 1 of the Tom Big-by, called the Black 
Warrior, and should they be closely pressed, (at 
wliich however I see no probability.) tliey will de- 
camp with tlie whole and join the western tribes. 

irkd the Choctaws been engaged in our service, 
they would have given tliem a check : but as it is, 

people, and tiiat the idea entei'tained in the eastern lOur only Iiope for aid, or ratiier for revenge at some 
part of tlie Creek Nation, t!iat tiiis was only a se-, distant d.iy, rests on the energy of our fellow citi- 
condary and remote objsct, was not founded in fact, zens of the Ur.ited States. 

and was probably suggested for the purpose of put- 
ting us off oar guard, and keeping out of ' 

siglit thg 

real intention of tj-.eir revolt against the constituted 
authorities of tlieir nation. 

The mournful tale of tiie disaster at !Mims' reach- 
ed the. caiitonment near Fort Sioddert, a distance of 
16 miles, not untiil about 10 o'clock on Tuesday 
night. Tills cantonment (called Mount Vernon) 
Was vevy ill calculated for defence, and was like the 
fort on Tensjw, wonderfully encumbered by helpless 
families. It had been suggested in the mo-rning oi' 
that day, that the remov.d of the helpless to a piace 
of seciuuty, would be higlily expedient : but the 
difficulties of removal and of support wiien remov- 
ed, presented themselves more forcibly to the minds 
of many, tlian the dang-er of dc-Liy ; and even those 
wlio saw llie propriety of the measure, could not re- 
concile Ihemseives to the idea of abandoning their 
fellow citizens. 

Wiien, however, the news of the massacre at 
Fort Minis arrived, there was no U.nger any hesita- 
tion ; and such was the hurry of a flight conducted 
almost at midniglit, tliat few took any thing with 
them, even to support themselves on their way to 
IVIobile. Some puslied oft' by water, others fled by 
land in the darkness of the nigl.t, and the whole 
face of the country exiiibiled a scene of consternation 
and distress — Widows fled for the preservation of 
their own lives, whilst tortured by a belief in tlie 
direfid death of their husbands or friends — and 
some escaped from fort Stoddert, lamenting in the 
bitterness of agonized grief the murder of mothers, 
fathers, sisters and brothers — The river was strew- 
ed with boats from fort Stoddert to Mobile ; and 
here many have no shelter and no means of support, 
unless the comniandiug officer of the troops, im- 
pressed by a view of the distressing urgency uf their 
situation, should aftord them assistance out of the 
public stores. 

What attacks have been made on the upper forts 
at St. Stephens, and in the forks, which are now 
reduced to two, I ilo not know — I fear however the 
same result was at Minis ; and all wiiich the survi- 
vors can hope for, is that some little respite may 
be afforded to tiie straggling inliabitants, and to 
the town of Mobile, after the forts are demolished, 
and tiiat the necessity of taking cnre of their wound- 
ed and carrying home tlieir plunder m:'y induce the 
Indians to delay for a few weeks an attack on tlie 
txiwn -of JMobiie, and on tlie military station near 
fort Stoddert. 

But at all events, I think it probable that by the 
first quarter of the ne.xt moon, iliey v/ill relurn in 
greater force ; and as liie Spaniards unqneslionabiy 
encouraged them, it is possible that llicy may theli 
be ready to support them. — Should no' assistanc(- 
- come from the Mississippi, from Tennessee and 
from Georgia, the whole country fr<mi the Choc- 
taws to tiie sea will be a desolate waste and a white 
man will not dare to raise his head out of the limits 
of a military garrison. As it is Vve jiave abandoned 
<yur houses, our crops and our herds, and wherever 

1 am dear sir, yours very sincerely and respect* 
full}-. HENKY'lOULMIN. 

Skpt. 14 — A British armed .schooner arrived 
at Pensscola with aninumition, clothing' and blank- 
ets from the Bahamas, for tlie iiostiie Indians. 

Barbarities of the Enemy. 


Accoiyipantjing the report cf die cowniitlee oft/ic h^use ofre/ircteti' 
tiitivi-.f, alijioiiited to emjtjire into the slniit and manner in uitkh 
the 7i'ur has been ii'nged bij the enemy. 

(Coiitiiui«l iVoiii poge 95.) 

N .. VIII, 


Extract of a letter J'roni genera! Taylor to admiral I'/arrcn, dated 

he'iil-quarttn; ^^oifbH, '29fh June, 1813. 

"I liaveluaiil Willi grK't'andaslonislimeiit of the excess, Ixjtli to 
pi-Dperty ami iicrsoiis, comiiiitttd by the Id'id troops, who took 
possi ssion of Uannitur.. The ivsjiict I eiitntaiii for your personal 
ciiaractt r leads nie to uipke kuouu tliese excesses. It n-ould not 
btcoiue me to sug^eit wlmt course of enquiry and piiiiislinuiit is 
due to tlie honor ol your arms. But the world will suppose tbosp 
nets to haw hieii approwd, if not exciud, « iiicli are passed ovet 
with impunity. I do not bowi'Via- deprecate uiiy measures which 
you may think necessary or proiier— but am prepdred for any 
species o!' warfare, ■which you may be disposed to proMccute. It is 
for thr sake of huinaiiity I entrr this protect. 

"We are iu this part of the country merely in the noviciate of 
our wartare. The chai-acter it v.ili h I'cafier assume, v.lietber of 
Biildness or ferocity, will inateriajly depend on the lir't operations 
of our anus pnd on the p< rsoiial character and disjiositions of the 
respective couinuindt-rs. For inys. If, I assut" you most sob innly, 
that I neither have authorised, nor will bHi.ction any outrage oa 
liuiiiaHity or the laws of civilized wanisre. On the ^-imtiary, I think 
it due no less to my p.isonal honor, lliun co that Ox my country, to 
repress and punisli evi'iy excess.' I iiope that tlitse aenviments will 
be rtciprocat'd. It ivill d; pend on you vrbetlier Ihe < vils inseptj- 
rabie fiom a slate ol'war, shall in our os>eialious, be tempered by 
the mildiiesj of civilized life, o/ uii<J: r your auibority Iw agf.;rn- 
vateU by all the fiend like passions wifich cju; be instilled into tlicni." 


Hilt Britannic luaje.f'-ii's vJuii San Damiugo, HainpOjn Headf, 
Chcsr.pcake Batj, June i9. rJl.3. 
SIR,— I have to ackiiowledj::^- lb-.- receipt of your lelti-r of this 
Jay, stating that you had coinniuiiifated to your sov. r nient the 
proposal oi an exchange of pviion<-rs, and :il»o ihat soiue e.\ct.sse« 
had been coniniitttd hy the troops in tlie kite ail'.iir at Uampton. 
1 have couiuiuiiicated to my friend, sir Sidney Beckwitii, tlie com' 
i.iandt r of bis majesty's force* on shore, this part of your letter, and 
lie will have the liouerof writin;.; lo you upon the points to wliicll 
it alludes. 

1 heg have to assure you that it is my wish to alleviate the nii»- 
fortuntsot the war coimuciicedasjainjtiuy country, by every means 
in my power; at the same ti'in- I am pr.pared lo (ueet any result 
that may ensue between the two nations. 
I have liie honor to be, fee. 
(Signed) JOHN B. WARREN, 

Adiiiral of the h'.ue, av.i couiinander in diie£ 
Brign.lier general Tnii'or, 

Con.mnnding tlu: UnUed States j'l/rces at tkunpton. 
A true coj-y. 

JAMES M.AURICE, ninjar, aitir.g assUtatU adjutant gejii' 

sill Slll.»'"f.V f'.KCKWj'IH TO Gi.lViiliif. TAyr.Ol', 

Uh innjesty's ship Sr.n Jioiningo, June 20, IS13, 
Sill,— Admiral sir John ^Varivn liaviiui' co ii.uuiiicated to ni» 
ill. ronttias ofyinir !• Uer,J lose no ti.iielji as».urii.gyo'!, tkit youij 
wish cannot esi'eeil Mill • to tarry on war with every ilttei/lion t(j 
till- individuals, in wbuso immeiiiate vicinity niilitJt^ 
opeialions lay take place. In tliis spirit I i^)all. vie with you to tna 
utmost. At lliL same tiMi-.' I euj;lit to state to yon, tliat tlie exces»« 
of whitli you ciiiuiiUin at Hampton Wtre occasion.d !iy a procteiU 
iiig of so extr^onliiiary a n ture, that if 1 h.".4 not U en an eya 
wiliiess, I caiii.l not have enintcd Jt. At tlie veci-at attempt oi^ 
Cranty Island, the tr^nps in .1 barge sunk by the lire of yuui^uR* lo the wreck of the boat. Sev^ftil .'A'llicriOans, I assure jov* 
most solemnly, waded off from tlie island, and in the preS-nc'e olf 
.ill, engaged, fired upon, and shot lluse poor f (h>ws. With a feefe 

the Indians have appeured, they involved, the iim^^^xw, ' .-T -^^ T^^t^ ■<? 


Tlint occurrences of the kind may never occur a-<ui , :ii>i1 that lim aduiiral Warren expressed a wisli that I would remain, saying 

lf\e tioojn ofi-ach i.atiou may h- g'iiidccl hy ■s^i.tiiiieiits of lionor 
and tmiimuit}' is tlie laniest wiiti of yours, f-cc. 

("Signed) SIONKY HKCICWIIH, (juarter-mastcr general 

Srieadicr general 'I'ii'ilm\ 

CommantUn!' thr United Slates trno,'K nf ^nrf^lk. 

A true copy— JAMKS MAURICE, major, 

A li;:g .tssislaut a.ljulaut gt ncval. 
Hewl-Oinirtiri. Norfolk, Jiihj 1, I8I3. 
gjp_j, f,ffo,-<ls me the liitrli- si^Htistiiili.)ii io rroiive your «ssii- 
rtiiK- that yen v.isl< '"to cavr> en v.i-.r with r v, ry :ittenti.Mi to tl). 
«n(i,rtui.ate ioiiividuaU in «!ii'be luioit.lrate mchmIj military <)|>.- 
raiioiis may t;.ke plaei-." Sudi s.-..tim. i.ts :i!one give spi ix'or to 
courfitr- and confer liouor on milnary skill. Worlliless is the Iftur. I 
steeuid in f-uiajr t ai->s «iid .joyl^9S tli.. to.,<iu. its which l,av; 
LiHicti-d needl'ss «or uii th<- pescelul a)itl niUiSisli.,-, '1 h; fn- k- 
ness with w hitli 5 <'U ridiuit the excesses at Haiiipio,. is a guarai.tet 
against llie r- petition. . • , i j i j , 

I cimiiot douht. sir, yotir coimetioii thxl the scene desenhed tiy 
you at Ciflii. y island was i. ally atn d. Ui.i hy the verj reason it 
apii'ared tl) you increeibl and iiilnMisn, it should liav- Ixeii 
iinai.thorisid. YiXir o«ii pcrcepfio.i oC propri ty shall d cide, if 
fa ts should not havi h'-en sseertaiivd and n dr^ss d- niaiidi it. 
beroi-e rLUlialion "as r sort -d to, a retalintion too extravagant ii. 
its miasure, apnlvi'ig nol lo the jKppeiratnrs o( the Ml .lg d ot- 
feiiee on their t'oini-d », but to tli. iin.oci ot and I liav. 
reason to tliiiik t!iat >ou niv mistake., in voiir impr.sjioi.s ot tHe 
condnct oi' our l loops at Crai.ey .s'.ai.d— tliat they wad.d inlo the 
water, on the sirikiiig o! your huai, is irm — !.ut 1 learn tliat it was 
for the purposi'ofseeioi :g th, ir and assist!, e lli ■ p. risl- 
ii g-oue p. rsou, [xr! 11 :s more, was shot, 'lUt it was oi ly tor a 
^ntinued efti.rt to escape, a;;<.r oJiers of saf i> on sii- 
render— stich at h.iisl is tiie r. prcsei.taliou inadeto me. lilioWi v r 
Tour>i Iding troops have b;eii hut ;h:-red. it is due to th: lioiiur o 
our arms to <iiscl»U)i and punish the enormity, llie fa'iie of ni) 
iievr he tarniih'd or such c ^ ' ' ' 


CoLnU) »luill nev r he tarniih-d or such c niniMt in tUi- tronj,.. 
tmd r inv eoniiiiand. 1 .'i>ive I. -nil") on!, r.^1 ai. .^nquirv into llie 
fact*, hy'a board of ii-hl oltie r>:— er-jper ni asur: s sliall ■« t.ken 
to in'nuli whatseever of iniprojirieiy fay iiav.- h.-. n co"imiit"t. 
I lialtev .i.ys If you v, ;il peri.viyi- i': these nieasur s a dii^|)Osii;on 
to ati",>id ' o cause of rorjoeh in auv 

fntiir'- eoinliet. Wlieii 

meet, let us . us sul.'i rs. i' a'.uus o!' tli' ho.ior of our r spei- 
tive coun'trls, anxious to surpass each oth. r as w. II in magiiani- 
mity as ill conrag.'. 

A 'Sent, sir. f'.e assnra'ice of !?iv tiigl' eonsid. r .lion a-.d r-'sp.'Ct. 
( HOiiRKI' B. TAYJ/;K. Ftr.g. geii. co.iiUiaiuiii.g. 

Tu iir Sidneu Bfr!:u-/th,_ Q. M. y^cnrrat, 
CO nnuin'-'ing tlie lundj'ii ccs cf ii. 3, M. 
H mpton Roads. 

A copy— ICHN 7MYKRS. AWi-h-csmn. 
Sxtrsct of a U.'tcr from hriguilU-r-gcneral T.iH'r tot/wserrctonj of 
wiir.ihtted N':rfv<l\ ilJi;!;/. l»h'i. 
I d, as wa- pro' y.'Sltti;ay,co(:i s .if the I. tti rs written 
to ,til/niral Warren and g. i.-ral HeKwili. My aid niio .-tin-!, d 
the.ii iJowny St rday, Iroeght imck a 1 It r from a.- aral Warr ;., 
of wiiicJi H eupy is . liel- * , n:)i! has 'iiad a st:i.iemeul ol what 
octurr.a ill'conf.r. iic- with th,- g :; ral. 

1 h • I It r Ol ill- ai!.eii-d,^h. imlil", is certainly not r-spoi - 
sive to a y tiiii.g «Iiic!^ !.a> oeeiirr..! ; aiid the eOiT'ersntion Willi 
tlie gi iv nl, t'ueig!.' • q^i':)!y '.Msil. is o'|} d' signed lo prevent 
any ii.pther •iisci.ssion ol llie sii'ij-et. Fi-o;ii tlie report of prison, rs 
and es. rt !■!., ih.T is too rnucl; nasoii to lielieve. ih-ii bi lor- lb ■ 
aiLSf-k on CrAii ) i';l>ini!,th ■ eoiii'-ily <)■ t!ie treo,>s had h.>.ii ixeiltd 
by a pioi.iisr o' th liitg.- of NijilV.ik ; to i: ilanie l!i. ir res iiliiieiil 
alt r tluir iailure. and lo ke.^p aliv the hop.' of |)(ii'iil-r at N.n- 
folk.lh.r • is much r>aso.. tof .>r Ibai our trjups have unnierit. dly 
been eJi.irg -d with :i;*-coiieuct at Craney isliid, aid 'hat 'iiade a 
l>v.'t .xt fir ih ir ixeesses an:! th ir conduct at I ent r- 
taia no dot;, t oi the jusliiieation, ..f tiie honor a.'d maiciianiiinty ol 
our iiiei.. .V t .e i\ jii.rt o. tiie buiird oi' oflie -rs. X do jot iti^-ai t.ia; 
thesni.i f.'siu.ll drop, 1 iil wli i. I coniuiiinicati- the rejiori, 1 s'.al! 
leave tU' Biiish eo.nie.a lOer the all/ rr.aiiv .. f itli r ol' aiiomiug uieas.isis io hisowjj arn.y or u.sder ihe inpul..- 
tion .)'" having .xeif ■! th ir iimoi.» to conniiit these i xeesses. Our 
troops are hisrhly i.iHained. 
Hiiifxfir tririrri'hi Mijrrs in Ms iuterrinv -ivith ndmiral IVm'rrn. 
A •}. V ncel ss an.! o .r. sisli.ig l>Avn hus heeii giv. ii up lo i.-.dis- 
tViini.iOie p'i'ae — though eivlhz'd war tol rnf s this only as to 
foriilied pU.ces er.rriid L)y assault and afo r su.nnionH. 

In hviiimls hav . beeu >tri;ijied naued--a sick iTian stablied 
twicein the h.ispiial — a si,k man shot al P. mbiMkein his bed. a'"! 
in the anus of ids nift. l>.ngaft' r llied. f lit of the iroofts— his wife 
also shot at and wouiiiled, a Mr. and Mrs. Kirby, s have b^-eii not o;.ly assaulteil and personally abused and 
Struck — but even viobit^d. 

If occasion oflT r«, notice may lie incidentally made of the in- 
formation g!V-ii hy prisoners and deserters of the promise to plun- 
der at Norfulii. 

As to th. imputation on our troops at Cianey island, if admiral 
Variin shoula mi nliuii it deny t!ie laet and state the actual eon- 
duct of our troops, in going i.'ito the water to assist their men. 
and th .11 giri.igthfin r. (V' sliiiient assoon as they entered t!;e fort. 
fief r to tlie Conduct ofall our prisoners, parlicularly those taken 
lic»m the boati uf the Victorious. 

.TNO MYERS, eapt- and aid-di.-famp. 
Hewi-Qiiiirlers, Nor f ilk; July 2rf, 1813. 
SIR^ — 111 obediei»ceto yonrorders, I proceeded yesterday with a 
flag ol tiiie.- to admiral Warr n in Hauiptoi. Roads, to whom I 
tlande.l bolh th dispatdili)r himself and that for sir Sidney Beck- 
with. I'll- reeeiveil me with civility, and with many ac- 
knowlettgin.-nts tor the terni* of ytur letter. Sir Sidney was on 
Aore at Old Point Comfort. Keeling some difticulty about the 
fffaviy lU itintyiug oo Uwi-d fin- ii h an-ival, I w as ahout to depavt 

that he \vould tlesir , no doubt, to give a reply. 

Sir Sidii. y did not arrive "till eight oVloek. He expressed great 
respect for the motives that had acti.atLd yen, sir, in the nivasur s 
whkli yiiii weri piirsui. g— iliej wiremore limn lie desired— it «a« 
su hcient, he said, it own mind was satisfi. d. H.- expresi-<t 
regr t at th- trouble you had taki -i, and imiih d f.^r fi,r yo f 
e.i.iraeier— with a resolution to vie with you in eifons to co.i ne 
titiire oj) rations within the iKiumis of Imnianity and the usages 
111 war. fli- sai.l. in alli.sion to the pretended conduct nt our ni>n 
at Crany island, iliatit pioc'.d.d no deiibtfrotn a f w ot the more 
disorderiy. I denitd th. eliarg' altogeth r, as I had dmi. in my 
,)re\ious iiitrw. w, wluii it was made the .pistnication of their 
outrages at Hainptmi, on th- gruund of n taliation. 

1 1 lund liiat it was not bis i;.i i.lion lo give to your dispatch 3 
wy tt' n nply. B) tht light inanner in which h. glanod at llie 
Hi'j xt ol jo'ir inve<tig;iiion, I colli. i |r. iceive tlr.t it was press, d 
tui-iir thai! was d. sirabl. to hi ... It was ..y wis.' how v< r, to 
oe ahh-to r.[)ort to yi,u lie- pi I'-hilo i.l' a lik eouis. ofen»|uiry 
I his parlmid I tnunura eil ill cal.liViti of abuses and viol me 
.•■I Hampton. I iii-.tioni-ii tie piliag. of the town and the wanton 
I' strtictio.. of m. dicii.e. That individunU hid been slrijiped nak- d. 
■\ SICK man slai'b.d twic who was in tii.- h.jspil.n. A siek nian 
sbel in hisljid at Penihrok.- and in the arms ol' his wife, who was 
"Is.i shot and w.iuid ... li ig a:t. r the del, at of the troopi, a Mr. 
aid J.Irs. Kiri y— and fi. ally the assault oi females, thiiv bei.ig 
s.'tfk anil p.isonally abused and ev n violated 

At the lie iition ol the inurdrr of Kirhy and the woui d glvei to 
his Wif , sir SiJ ev disti eily o'/m;ffe,T' it. The oth rs h apiie.edl 
n..l to be ac ■. . . . . - 

.'quaii>ti<l with ill... particulars o!, and expr ssvi some 
Co_ic in at it. H sai.l that li hatl, how v. r, on coming to a kiio«'- 
|.-dg. of conduct, iniin.diat ly order r" the .^nibarkaiio.! of 
th troops iliat w-re cone, rn d, with a d. t r^oinaiio,. they 
slmnhl not again land, and that whil.. iie ws unibi to control a 
pat ev in. thensponsl'.ilitv oi ^ r enrTence shoulii r. <i oi. hi.; s if. 
1 hat lb. tr.)o|)s inid r his conmiai'd wen- strai.g'is to him o; his 
a rual her , ami apixaiiag lo m\ knowledg- of lb iiat.r. of the 
w .f 111 Sp.iji:, ii: wiiieli th- s ne ii ( ,.ea.,i..g the Frej.L •. corps) he 
S-. 1(1 had 1). . n tiai. ed, l.ld nif- th. y eoold not lie r strained. 

I bus far he thoiight li.. conid not ijive a more conviueing proof 
.if the sine, riiy ui bis proi ssions ilian in til.- wlih.iraw;,! ni limse 
no ps, and teal h. had ii.oreov r nist bn n employ. (I in tiiidii g a 
II w wal. ring (.laceo. Ba. k ris.-r in order to r. move lixmi Hamp- 
l'. a. 1(1 to qui- 1 til. i..i^ids uf the iidiiljiiants. 

/I assured m taat in .iwki'.g snt h a of -ige. as h, was doing, it 
shouM not Ik lightly r gaid d-t.'iat b- w,;..!d .ilh r s ml i.wiy 
t:i -se trooos, or wait th. arrual ol oth rs for new oin-rations. He 
c:). clud d oy . xpr. ssing a hope that you, sir, would i i iiituri i se 
no r -s rv.- in comn:u.:i-ni!. g »r\ sulyect of, ana on 
li , part, t!iat li.- sliuuld c vtai !•/ .hi ^;, witli a .iiie ret^-ird lo the 
lih.-rality ty yuur c.ndui t. H hop il the subject was at rest. 
I took my leave. I have th ho. r to b.', 8ce. 

.JOHN MVj^RS, cupiaii' a;id aid-d.^cainp. 
Bri^: ^cti. RiJict R. Tci/hi , N'^fik. 
Extru't of a letter from general Ttylor to sir Sidney Eecktvithy 
qunrler-mnsirr geucud. lonnncm.'iiig the land f';rce'of H. B. M. 
a Hri:,);itiiii ,\cc:'s. di.lcd liem'.-Qj.Hncn, JiMj'otii. Ibl3. 
"1 have now ih. Ijonor to tra sniil to you lb- piMeeeilings of 
t^'' boar..; i.f ofiie.-is conv. mii to . iiqiiir into th. tninsactiois at 
Ci-any island. 'Jh y doiibil ss will convinc- you that in that atfiir, 
the A.ii- rlcan troops minted no censiir ; that th ir coniiuet was 
distinguis;i. il hy liii.nanily aiitl magnaui.'.ity ; and Oiat th.- disfMict; 
t.) which you wer r niovt-tl iro.ii tin' scene, by rend, ring it Ini- 
■H>.»ib|. that ^..n h. L.tiirin d of ih.- .notices o; tli. ir con- 
.III t, iinhanpily Jt-d jou to draw conclusions equally mistaken 
a. id tinm. rii il, 

"Vou bav. done me the justice to declare, that the measures 
piirsiiMl hy 111., vi'.ici a disp.isliiun to ptrnit in my troojis ni^ 
aljiiies on bunaiiiy or the laws of civilized war. .\s 1 cannot 
'louM lb exist, u -e of similar s'litiments with yen, 1 lav. a liglit 
to exp. ci on your part mias.ires eq.ially d cisiv. and u.ia..'i.igii- 
ous. If I had deemtd it needful to forliid openly to my whole 
army all acts of inijiroprirty ; and lo direct a public inv. sligation, 
of ehar.^es h^li.v d to hi- un.n.rit.d, iiut having ihe sanction of 
your iniputalion, I |)ut lo your lan.lor to d, t.rmin., if • .xcesses 
• II your troniis, admitted hy yoiirsel:. and soir.e oi them of the ruost 
ilrncioiis c'harict. r, should jiass iiniioticil. My conduct and your 
■'.eliir-itions give nie a ei'iiui to ask th se excesses be punished. 
Your army will then I arn the abhorr nee yon feel for such acts, 
and be r. strain, d by the fear of your indignation fro.n similar 
oiitrag: s. But if IIk-sj adiiittenl excsses are passed hy, the iiTb- 
pn.'.ily rif the ))ast will lie eonstriied by y.iur tro(;^>s into an en- 
cniiragement of future outiag s, an.l your own humane inten- lie eomplet ly defeai.-d ; neither can yon he unmindful of 
the propriety ot taking from my army the pretexts for iinpro. 
pri'iy by a knowledge of eTectnal restiMints on yoHr's. 

"I am fully in. pressed with the lib, rality ol yonr conduct in 
promising to riiiiove the troops who cnmnitteti the outrag'es at 
H.-jmptoii /rom the opiiortnnity nf rep. atini; th. se enor.iiilies. 
lilt, besid' stiiat my confideme in the gallantry of the American 
troops lorbids nie to desire any diiuiinitioii ol )uur force, such a 
measur<; being liable to niisconieption by our nivn troops, might 
not attain your objeet. The rank and file of an army seldont 
reason very profoundly, and, however erroneously, iiiighl ascribe 
tluir w'iilnlrawal to iht di sc riions which have on every opportu' 
nity taken place in that corps, and in their unwillingness, if any 
should have lieeii liisplayfit, to lire on tlie American troops. If 
this should unfoitniialely be the ease, your force w ill be diminished, 
without securing tlv great ends ol discipline and humanity for 
which yon bad with so miieli liberality made the sacrifice. I am 
the more pr.ssing on this subject, because I have reason to believe, 
tliat, even siuc«' yonr assurance, though unquestioniibly against 
your good wishes, vtiy i nijnoper acts have lietn coinantted «« 




Jarne«' rivor. Tlif domi'stic pniixTty of prao- abl. Niiviue ciiii ivs 
fe^:j>' !t( 'i tjy ail civiliz J ..sitl'j i, lias l;eui i/illac; il, :u-il »h.t 
fiirnislnil no allur nicut to cupiiiitj, has been waiito^ily il-.iaCLtl 
and destiny .(J. 

"Ii siicli acts arc fillur direct'il or saiictioii>-(), it is imjioitaut to 
UJ a. d to tji^- w(ii-M to iiiimv. sji ■■ui<s of wa. t':ir ilic aims 
cf Givat Biitaii. m- an to Wi'Ri. I; MUtiioiisvd, it will bi- iil littl ■ 
pnutital mail to know tual tu.' iliiv.'loi- ot Ut>:%^ arms eiii i-taius 
th most lilitial uisiiositioiis wliile Uusi.- ilisiiositioni 
t«ii>a,u doi'iiiaii' ami ii>oi). i-aiive. 

"Ii' I ail ti-uiilil-aoiiie on tliii sti'.ij ct, cliarge it to my anxious 
d-«ir(- tint iiiitliioij . ia> oLCai- to L-.iVatt r our own t'lli ij;? ami 
t'lase of our r «(;!• livi- luitioiis. (ii dii' priii;r> ss oi tin' war, 
diiug.-s iiliiiliuinaiiiiy liavi ii •.M.ipijily b fii fr q.i r.t u:id r tijHM- 
Cil. I u.ii :.ot iii(liir-r lit to ili ■ iiil'..;iiy, wli tli siieli a eliar'<e fiy s 
on till- offic r, wiio i-ii'i r >nfoura^>H or |j. roilts it. I di.riv< 
til liii^li. St salistactioii fioai the assuraiifcs yon liav- K'>'" <" 
« 'iiji:j. i.i.tiiiic tt. \V • ii'uv. , sir, ii. (■•.ti.r riKnii.s ''ly ill' <acr- • 
oiiliijatio'.s w ow- oi;i- r sj) ttivr ooiiiitri'.s. Unt on I'lr gn at an i 
axjiaiiiird siiiji ct oi'lmnaii Iiii|(jiiiie8«, we siiould iiv fiifii.'.s Wy V.i- 
syuipatliy of .iiir i, line's. L t us tli. ii cor iially unit , ai.d rxtv- 
cisiii? oiK'CtUiilly till liow .rt with which our gov-ji-oim ots liavi- 
iuvt'irwl u>, !^i\e'to our >v:irurea cliar.ict. r ot" iiia^iianiniiiy, tor.- 
fcrriug equal Iioiiur on ours-, Ivi-s and on our i-ouiitru-s." 

iXl'HACI' '.i'f-f ^; r.V.'.l-.AL <-! i) >IIS. 

Asf. Jiljf. Grn.S OJflcc, Nurjhll-, July 1. 1813. 

The gi-iiei-al conuimuiri .ijp. ims d-i-m d it prop r to n monsirat' 
against till- ixc ssis c-oiinoitt d liy ill- British irmips, win too.c 
possessio: I of Hailiptoii. It has iotii att. luptid to jiislify or (>al- 
luile these rxi- sscs, on tin- ui-oii;id of nihil. nan. ty in soui, of tlir 
troopsat Cr:.ii<-y isl-AiuI, who ari chriri^ed with haviiii;- wadi-d iiili 
llie rivt-r ami shot at tli.- ui-r M^tiu? and yi. Idin?; to , who duii.^ 
to till- wrei-k oJ' a boat, wliii-li hail'lmii snlilv by liiL- tire ol our 
guus. IfiiiiiH.ity and inrri y ar.^ iiis.-per.ibl' from true touniif , 
and the g- 111 ral k too well ih clmraet r of th- troops undi-r 
Ids eoi«i:iiaiKl, to doubt tlK-ir ina'^iiani Miiy towarls an unr sistiiif; 
Jo- . It is equally to toe lioiior of the troops eii);-.i';;-'1, and to 
llie liith;-rto iii.qneslion. d fame ol the A n. i-ican arn-., for honor 
sui.l d» iiiiiK-y. that the i-nputatijii should be iuv sl:f; d. 

It the fliaiE; be Will louiiited, the army must oe purified by 

{iiniislinient Itir tliis abooiinatioii. Ii, a^ tin- coiuniaiid-r bop.-sau<l 
idieves, the emiduct of our troojis, has hnii luiseo'ierived, tln- 
tvorld should have an autlieiiiie r eur.l to ri-pel the i.nputalinn. 

U tlurelor; ilir tts tliat a buuid oi' odie. rs, 10 eo :is-..t ol L-olo lel 
Freeiuan, pr.sid lit, lieim nanl-e.doii. Is Moykin, .Maso.iaud Ui-ad, 
do convene, th.- day after to- a piaci- tc. be appoint, d by 
the presidi-:i; tor the parjiose of ii.v- siii; aiiii; lli s - cliavses ai.i! 
Jcliort uccordiiigly. JAAiKS iL-VUSvlCi-",. jow/or, 

Acting ^Ut, A'jji, Gciu:raL 
ni.PnilT DP THK ltO.A.;UI. 
The pvideiicc havinjj been fjone ilii-ou;?!i, tiu' bo-jrrt, aft. rdeli- 
bi-i-ate and niatur; considt ration, do pro.iounce the following 
«pi ion ; — 

'I'lutt it appears from the tesliiiioiiy adduced tliat on the 22d ol 
last iiiuntb, in the action at Ciam y island, two of th- enemyN 
boats ill .roiii oi ilieir liiu- w.-i-e .sunk by ih tire of our balli-riis ; 
the soldi r»and sailors who were in t' use boats w.r- coas queiitl} 
alloai and in ilaiis? r oi or iwuiii';, and beiinj in front of th.; Imats 
which Wei-> uiiiojnred ; lo disu le lii- se our guns w. re nei:ts.s;irily 
tlre:l ill adir ction of th. inn in tii - Wit^r, but with no int. million 
Hliat. ver lo do them Inrth.r liwriii ; ! ul on the contrary, ord rs w- r.- 
giv.-u to |ii-evi-nt this by c-asi.m- to fir ',;rape, and o.ji> lo fin 
round shot ; it also is substantial, d that one oi the enemy who hail 
aiiiMir.ntly siirr.- .d, ailvanced towards th • slior , alhiiit .i le 
|iiiiuU-.d )ai-ds, when he siid.i, idy turnrti lo his ri;;-;il, and .i.deu- 
Viired t) make h s escapi; to a b uly of the enemy W!io had l-iiiif d 
above till island and wim were tn.-n in vie>\ ; ili-ii anil not tdi tln-i. 
ivas he lir d iipii lu brni;,- bin b.iek, which had the desired eifcct, 
and he w is taken niihint to the i>la .d. 

It fuitik r ippi ars iliat iiu- troops o'l the island exerti?d theni- 
slvcs,iii acts of hospitality and kindiusj to the uun-sisciiig and 
yi' iiii.i); (o-. 

Thcr.-fore the hoard d , witli i;-r. at sii sfietiou, d-clan-, as th. ii- 
unbiassed le.iiiioii, th t the cliircf.- all- Red agaiist th. irooiis is 
uiisupporteil ; an.l that the elm-act r of the American so.iii. ry huiiriiijiy a;nl niaga-.iiiiniily has ..ot been coinmitl.d ; but 
•u the coiilr ry, confir n il. 

C. P'UEKMAX, c(,l)resUleM. 
A. I". .\lA-i.)N, ll.rol. ■uiirnini.HnL; il/i rei^. iiiflij. 
F. M. r.OVKlN. //. ci.l. ruiwnniuUiis 3il rc-^t. I'nJ'iij. 
'V KK.Vl). fUM, It. commanding artilicry, 
J. BARllh-,R, rcconlei: 
A true ai,d circit j y. -J. .M A UU IC I" . m -ijor, arting n-il. m^t. ,i;en. 
Cujiy iiji, nule from sir Sidneij Btr/avit/i to gnwrni Ttrjlor, Uated 
H. M. t/ii;j Snn 'lh>niini;i>. July ti. 1813. 
Roarti-r-niaster S'lieral sir S)diu-y B- ckwitli licRi leave to r- 
turn his belt acuiiow li-dijments to (general lavlor lor his piiliti- 
00 11 iiunicatimi, and to i-> p at his . ariust wiah'ihat .nililnrv op.. 
r- I 'ns thoiild he carri-d on with all the lilwrality and hiini.inity 
»h ch lieemii.-, iiu- ,,.5|„eiive iiati.. .s. Ai.v iiifrmf^ in.-t.t of the- 
esiabhshi-tl iisa.:es of w.«r wdl-i stantlv be noticed and piinislied. 
t.-x(raii uJ a Ullcrfrom hri^'.-ilin-.-oi-rrd Tn'/lor In t/w secretary 
... './' «••"'•, <l<il£'l iVi/(/ /,',-, -III Ji.lij^ 181,?. 

'Ihehoard of otVk-i rs (;onvtiied to examine tin- charsfe hrouifht 
•raiiist our trogps, in the affair at Cran-v ishiiid. have made sneli 
a rcpji-i as an Aniej-icaii coul I ,l.»ii-,.. I Jnclos: d a copy y. st.-rday 
!.i ", *:"""'• toinniandr with a I tter of which a copy is -n 
nt 1 - I "''"■'^ "'' '">■ "'isnaieh «as nut liy a flaj?, the offie r 

o' wuich reciy.-d the d-spatil,. and a few hours alt r n turned 
"-nil nil answi-r. of which a eieiv i, ;,i„^ .-nclos.-d. I liar, from the 
Seiicralityol its tirn.s, that little aim lioi-aiion of th.-s)sleiii liither- 
•? prucusedu to be eiptcttU i but soinethvne u gaiacU by ;ilaciiig 

eii -my so lecidedly in the yrm^^^^ ,,,^ ^^„^^^ „,,„„. dotiht 
whom IS to a..- as-.-ribed any exc.-s^ ,^;,i^,, i,ei-cafter may be 

cnnimiit-.-<l on eitlur s,.|e. 

Extract from an ^Jfniul letter, adtire.t}k 

by major Crtttchfcld to 

^■nrrnir liurtir,/,, -, t^^^j •' 
Trnk county, HalJ-Hwj-K June 20th, ISI 
■ you. Sir. an il a »f tlie savagn-.^ .jispusiiiei of . 

7 possession o! llie iiV!,i,„i-lii),,d, '.viiiiid 

itlii.uf,di sir Sidney Hv-,vitb assnreil 

To pivp you. Sir. an il a »1 tlie savagn- .iisfinsiiiii of the 
eii.-iny, on tio-ir jjretting; nossessiori oi'llie -iil.j,i„„?|,i„,,l -.vuiiid be. 
Imt a vain altenpt. Aitliouffh sir Sidney Hv.^,vitb assnrel me 
that no iineainim ss mi-ht be fl It in relation \, tiie unf.ntunatB 
A ner.c.-iii,., the fict is, tiiat on y-st r<lay tlv i-e\v.i-.. se-,-; ral d' ad 
b'lilies lung- i!::hi,,-i <l, and the w.jiind<d e-,i ^i,;.,; ^^sist^d into 
lown, ak.ioinja ohv r\-d to be towaul, I joid and inlios- 
jiitaM- protect;. Ill, The unfortuoat.- f;-inal s «( Hi'iipton who 
i could iioi leav, the town, -wtre sud'rred to be a.y,, a in the most 
sha II. manner, not o .iy by t'l.- venal savag-e Ui,-, but hy the 
I untortnnate aiil iii(;itu.-if d blacks who w. r- .-ncoiii-ivi;,..! hy tiien 
in ihrir ssi-s. 'I'h- y piila^jed and enpnuratC'd .yory a. t of 
niu-:l r a..d j-iipi 1.— kiiliii|;a)>oi,r man by t'le . ii n- oflvirhy who 
.ladlK-cii iyinijon his b -d at tin- point .n d ath for nion- tii-nsis 
wfx-ks, shi) tliiij hit wife in the hip at the sa ne time, and kUfmg 
lis l,.,iihfiil d.iR whip- lyinK uiid r his f-ct. Tlie murdered Kirby 
was lyi..;^-. List n.i^i.t, w, It; ri..^- in bis b.-.-l." 

iHeie fuU:nB the Icltrrs nf cthjtnin CmiOer; the arfide rii;vrd P. 
attri/imud to roivuci R. K. Park-r, and tk-e re/torts nf Messrs^ 
GnfHi. and Liv-ly, in.icrtcd in vol. IV. pag;-. 331, et Rc^J. i;/i'/cr 
;/ie hrad o/' ai H.enpion."] 
Ext I rirt fromn re/mrt made to major Cnitchjifld by Thomnf Grijtn 

^^ and Raliert Lively, exips. dnt,-d. 7'i/r'-:, ilk July, 1S13. 

' Upon r iching Ha-iipto.i, a sen-, of d. silation and d ■striietion 
pr,-8-iit.-il US. p— th- n w inhaliitaiits -ve feiuid in to>yn, neenied not 
y t to have i-icovi red from th. ir :'.Ur n— disniae ami eonst^-rnalion 
sat o-i .very count nance— reporis had reacin-d ns of ihe xio|. net 
and iincuntrol'd fury ul the enemy, after they oht-.irie<l possession 
ot th ■ pi ic — th. ir coii.lucl in soni - c.isi s h;-ini; r-pr-si uted such 
as woiii-l havedissrr.ictl tilt days of Vaniidisni— oiii IKliilgs were 
niich e.\.eited, and we de- med it our duty lo p.irMie th- enquiry 
as tar :is practica^jl- , and ar sorry to say, tli:;t from all the ii> 
iornadon we coul I proeiir , fro;n'soure v tj.> respectable to p-.H 
uiu us to doubt, w.- are compelle-tl to h lirve that juts of violence 
have b.-eii |). rpetrated, which liavedis'^'iaced the- ag in which we 
live. The s .'; hitherui guarded by the solditr's honor, escaped not 
the- rod _- assaidls of superior force, ni.r conhl disease (lisarm the fom 
of his feiie.iiy. 'J'be apohiuy that th. se atrm-iti'-s wt re committed 
hy the Fieiicli siildiers attach.'d to the Uritisii furcis. now in ouf 
Waters, appeaiMl to us no jostification ot th.i^e who employfti, 
th- n, ht-lieviiijf, as we do, that an oHiCrr is, or sliould be, ever 
ri sjioasibic fur liie condnet of the troops under liis connnaiid." 
i'l'o be coniinucd.) 

Officers Piisoners in Canada. 

To ihc etlUoi'x iif the A'atiotm! Iiittlligencer. 

Ik anfort, near Quebec, Sept. 9th, 1.513. 

Gentlemen, — Enclosed you liave :i full ai\d correct 
iisl oflhe 11 luries of llie officers oflhe United States' 
.rmy, &c. prisoners of in Can.ida. It will, nt5 
i'mtjt, be a RCatificilion to tlie frie!id,s of many of 
•Jic unfoi'tuiKite pef.son,s compositio- iliis list, to have 
:.teir n.niie'.s pubiisiietl in your paper ; and as I have 
die plea,sure of a slight acquaintance with you, lam 
reqtiested and inducwl to ask your compliance with 
tins favor ; more especially as die government of the 
United Slates has not received this necessary infor- 
mation, and 1 h ive the consent of the Amencan 
•i'v.lin.q- officer here. 

I am, With greit respect and esteem, gentlemen, 
your obetllent snvani, DAVID P. POLK. 

A'tunes vf Americnn nfficevg, i3c. jivisonevs lyf -war ii^ 
J'enitf'ji'l, neiir Qui-bt;c. 

Url^^tuUer getieriils. — .1 ;mes V\ inchest er. United 
States' army ; John Chmdler, do. ; "William H. 
Win.ler, do. 

Lietiteiiaiit-cohneh. — Charles G. Bcrrstler, 14tli 
rej^t. U. S. infantry ; \\ dliam Lewis, Kentucky vo- 
I'liiteer niilitia. 

AIujijvs. — Lewis Tiiylor, 26th regt. U. S. infantry; 
Ciirisiopli'-r Vmi de Venter, attached to the quarter- 
master ^^enenl's dcp.'M-lment; George Aladison, 
Kentucky volunteer mditia. 

Ciip-ium. — M. chesney, 6'h re,q;t. U. S. in- 
fiii'iy; Andrew McDowell,* U.S. light artillery;' 
Kenneth M'Kcnzie,* 14th re;,'!. U. S. li;f.intry,' 
Henry Fleniming', do; D;ivid Cumminp.s," do; 
Geof;,'e Steel,* 16ih rcgt. U.S. infanliy ; Alex.mder 
.M'Kwen, do; Derick Vdw Veghten, 23(i ; Isaac 
iioucii, do; Lenniid Rndronl,* 21si do; Olivei' 
ilei'nck,* 12 months volunteers, district of Maine j 
Joshua Conkey,* New-YoiU aiilitia. 


First.Ueutennnts.-l'^''y ^''^1,* 6tli r^^l. U. S. in-f 
fanlrv ; Joseph Mai-^"'* l^^'' '^° • 'i"''"V'"« Knrney, 
do ; Ricliard Ariel <!" i J"'""" War.iig, do ; Thomas 
Ilanaal, do ; AbeI*Vlieelock,* U. S.llgl.t dryf^'oons ; 
Wcniy Vaii8\vea-"^'er,* do. rifle regiment ; AVdluar. 

C. Ueard,* do. 

Second Ucncnants.—3o\m W. Tiiompson, 14lli 
rert. U. S inli"^''y; fit"i'!;-e Morris,* do ; Jolin C 
Clark",* 5l.h regf U. S. infantry ; Ira Dicm,* 21st do; 
Jolin il. Cntnsryi, 9th do ; B^njamfn E. ISurd,* lighl 
di-;igoons; Pcorge Miirdock, U. S. inlaULry ; Kim- 
mel Godvi'n,* Uth regt. U. S. infantry ; Niciiok.s 
N. R,.bi)ison, do ; Divid P. Polk,* 12lh do. 

ThiriiUeutcnauts.—WWim-n G. Sunnders,* 14t]i 
regt. U. S. infantry: Abraham Clarke,* do do; 
Masson Mndd, do do; S imiiel Gnswold, 23d do; 
James Smith, 2Ulh do; Lewis Goddard,* New-York 

ii;;;,.?;;^-?!.?.— Washington Dcnnison, twelve months 
volunteers, district of Maine ; Bcr.j;imin Graves,* 
New-York Kiilitiiu 

i/««V7?«H/.— Sidney Smith, U. S. navy. 

Sai'i;i:,'-nas!ey. — .l.iriiis Loomis, do. 

Masters' -uiaLes.—ioim Trumbull, do ; John Free- 
born, do. do. 

Pilot. — Abraham Watter, do. do. 

J\fiiMipmen.—Uovi.ce B. Sawyer,* tio. do ; Walter 
N. Moiiteath, do. do. 

United States citizens. — James W. Wood, taken 
at Plattsburgh; Innis B. Palmer, taken at fort 

Those marked thus * have gone to Halifax, 9th 
August, 1812. 

Admiral Cockbiirn's Despatches. 


The foHowing abs.ract ot the pompous details of 
admiral Cochburrt, might well make us laug!>, if 
his savage outrages could inspire an)' thing else 
than horrer. The infamourj wretch claims bril- 
liant acliievment, in acti^iis that would have been 

disdained by a one gun privateer. 

EU. PtER. 

His first report to admifrd Warren, April 29, 
states, that a detachment of marines and artillery, 
consisting of 155 men, proceeded with the Ijoals of 
the squadron, under the direction of lieut. West- 
phal, first of the Marlborough, to Frenchtown on the 
Elk, "where, after a sliort resistance, they obliged 
the American^ to abandon that place, and their de- 
pots of stores, Hoar, cavalry equipments, &.c. Stc. 
They likewise destroyed 5 vessels near tliat place. 
This service was performed with great gallantry, 
and only one seamen was wounded." 

Admiral Cockburn's second report, dated off 
Turkey Point, May 3, gives an account of the attack 
upon ilavre-de-Grace, at tl-.e entrance of the £us- 
quelianna. Tiiis place (says the accoimi) had ac- 
quired importance from the American colors beina- 
hoisted on a lately erected battery. Tiie attack wn.s 
made in two divisions ; one under the command of 
lieut. Westpiial, and the oiher under cajitain Law- 
rence of the Fantome. A warm fire vvius opened on 
the place at day-light by cajn. L's division, which, 
was smartly returned from the- batteiy for a shoi-t 
time, but wliich soon slackened, when capt. L. ef- 
fected a landing witli the marines ; tiie Americans 
xvithdrew from the battery, and Look shelter in the 
town. Lieut. W. got possession of the battei'v, and 
turned the guns against the enemy, and tiiereby 
forced them to retreat with their whole force to the 
farthest extremity of the town, wh.cre they were 
pursued, ' and at lengtli forced to take shelter in the 
V'oeds. ■ 

Tiie gallant lieutenant received a shot tlirougfc 
the band in the pursuit, but notwithstanding suc- 
ceeded with the other in taking pi-isoner a captain of 
militia ; an ensign and a few armed individuals 
v.-ere also taken, but the rest having penetrated the 
woods it was not deemed ])rudent to pursue farther, 
and, therefore, adds admiral Cockburn, "after set- 
ting- fire to some of the houses, to cause the pro- 
prietors (who had deserted them, and formed part 
of the militia who had fled to the woods^ to under- 
stand and feel what tliey were liable to Ijring upon 
themselves by building batteries and actinc^' toward.* 
us witii so much useless rancour, I embarked in the 
boats the guns from the battery, and having also 
taken and destroyed about one hundred and thirty 
stand of small arms, I detached a small division of 
boais up the SiNquehann.^, to take and destroy what- 
ever tliey might in'?et with in it, and proceeded my- 
self with the remaining boats under captain Layv- 
rcnce, in search of a cannon foundery, which 1 had 
grained intelligence of, whilst on shore in Havre, as 
being situated about tliree or four miles to the north- 
wai-d, wlicre we found it accordingly, and getting 
possession of it without dlfflculiy, commenced in- 
stantly its destruction, and that of the guns and 
other materials we found there, to com])lete which, 
occupied us during t!ie remainder of the day, as there 
were several buildings, and much complicated, hea- 
vy machinery attached to it. It was known by the 
name of the Cecil, or Frincipio foundery, and wag 
one of the most valuable works of the kind in Ame- 
rica ; the destruction of it, therefore, at this moment, 
will, I trust, prove of much national importance.— 
We have been on shore in the heart of the enemy's 
country and on his high road between Baltimore and 
Philadelphia. The boats sent up the Susquehanna 
destroyed five vessels and a flour store." — Total tat* 
en and destroyed — 50 guns and 130 stands of arms. 

The third report of admiral Cockburn dates from 
Sassafras river,and in it mentions successful attacks 
on Georgetown, Fredericktown, and another town 
situated up that river. At the two former much re- 
sistance was made, an.d in consequence, the whol|B 
of t!ie towns were destroyed, except the houses of 
those who hud remained peaceably in them, &^ 
taken no part against us. Tiie inhabitants of the 
other place met the admiral at landing, to say that 
they had not permitted either guns or militia to be 
stationed there; and that whilst there he should 
meet with no opposition. The admiral then entei-ed 
the town with a small guard, and ascertaining tha^ 
there was no public property of any kind, or war- 
like stores, rc-emba;ked, leaving the people, well 
pleased \\\X\\ the wisdom of their determination in 
the mode of receiving him. The admiral adds, "I II 
also had a deputation from Charlestown, in the north 
cast river, to assure me that that place is considered 
by them at your mercy, and that neither guns nor 
militia men siiall be su'fliercd there ; and as I am as- 
sured that all the places in the upper part of the 
Chesapeake have adopted similar resolutions, and 
tliere is now neither public property, vessels, or 
warlike stores remaining in this neighborhood, I pro- 
pose returning to you with the light squadron to- 
morrow morning." 


It is a fact worthy of everlasting remembrance, 
that the United States, with only 8 or 9 frigates, 
had their flag flying, at tlie same time, in the JVW'* 
Sea, in the middle of the .Atlantic, and in the /'«• 
c'ijic ocean, "die thousand" British ih\Y>5 of war "to 
the contrary notwithstanding." AMiat a lesson H 
this to Eurojitjan nations ! 



Marxian J — Eleciioo-jStatistics. 

The following table was compiltd to sliew t!ie monstroiiii absunlity of tlie system by vvjiich llie people 
of M.iryluncL .-ivc supposetl to berepieseiited, wiucii iuis re^^rd n<-;ither to pupukitityn or ta.rution, ;u»d 
partakes imnitfiliaici) oftlie shirc.tnd ourougb niuckeiies()t£/<gV(i«</. Exaiauiuiiou wUl preciuae tlie 
necc^isily of coniiuea; we are satjstied ibat it isgeneiuiiy corrtCi: 

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United States 


avy List, October 16, 1813. 









Stations, &c. 


Adams, tVig'ale 



G^jjl. C. Monis 

Putowm.ic, rtbullt 



Alert, slmipof war, B. 

Prison ship 

New York, taken 



Ariel, scbr 

Lieut Packett 

Lake Erie 



Asp, do. 


Lieut. Smith 

Lake Ontario 

fJoytoii, fri^jate 



Washington city, refitting 


!3i)xer, brig-, 13. 



Portland, taken 



Constitution, frigate 



Capt. C. Stewai-t 




C'>iiatellati(*n, do 



C. Gordeu 

Norfolk, rebuilt 



Congress, do. 



J. Smith 

On a cruize 



Carolina, schr 


Southern coast, purchased 



Conquest, do. 


Lieut, Pettigrew 

Lake Ontario, do. 


Cliippeway, do. B. 


L:ike Erie, taken 


• c. 

Ciledonia, do. B. 



Ditto do. 


Detroit, sloop, B. 



Lake Erie, taken 


Duke of Gloucester, do. B. 


Lake Ontario, do. 



Essex, frig-ate 



Capt. D. Poter 

On a cruize 



Eiiterprizc, bng' 



Lieut, liensiiaw 




Elizabeth, sclir. 


Liike Ontai'io pmxhased 



Frolic, sloop 



Af Lis. Com. B.iinbridge 



r <^- 

Fi-rret, sclu* 

Lieut. Crawley 

Southern coast 



Fair American, do. 



Lake Ontario, /rj<rc/iC«ef/ 


Gener.d Pike, frigate 




Lake Ontario 



Gov. I'ompkins, schr 


Lieui. Brown [clair 

ditto purchased 



(irowle.-, do. 



Lieut. Smith 

Lake Ciiamplain 


Hornet, sloop 



Jl. C. Biddle 

New London 


Hunter, brig, B. 


Lake Erie, taken 



John Adam*, t'rijjate 

Block ship 

New York 






Lawrence, brig 



Capt. 0. H. Perry 

Lake Erie 


Lady Prevost, do. B. 


ditto, taken 



Lady of the lake, schr 


Lake Ontario 


Little Belt, do. B. 


Lake Erie, taken 



Macedonian, frigate, B. 



Capt. J. Jones 

New London, take7i 



Madison, sloop 



M. C. Crane 

Lake Ontario 


Nevz-York, frigate 



Washington city, refitting 



Ni igara, brig 



J\1. C. J. D. Elliott 

Lake Ontario 



Nonsuch, sclir 


Lieut. Mork 

Southern coast, purchased 



Oneida, irig 



JT. C. Woolsey 

L;.ke Ontario 


Ontario, schr 



ditto, purchased 



Ohio, do. 



Lake Erie 


President, frigate 



Com. J. Rodgers 

Rhode Island 



Peacock, sloop 



Jir. C. Warrington 

New York 



President, do. 



~yr. C. Macdonough 

r..ake Ciiamplain 


Pert, sciir 



Lake Ontario 


Porcupine, do. 



Lake Erie 

Queen Charlotte, sloop, B. 



ditto taken 



Rattlesnake, brig 



Lieut. J. 0. Creighton 

Eastern coast 


R.,;Tibler, do. 



Boston, purchased 



RiVen, do. 


Lake Ontario, do. 



Syren, brig 



M. a Ridgley 



S\Ipi!, schr.f 




Lake Ontario 

18 1.3 


Scorpion, do. 



Luke Erie 


Somers, do. 
Troup, brig 



Soutliern coast 


'!"'-. ppe, schr. 


Lieut. Smith 

Lake Erie 


Tygress, do. 





United States, frigate 



Com. Decatur 

New London 






Jr. C. Blakelv 

Under direetion of 




Ship, of the line 


Capt. Hull 

Portsmouth, laid dncn 




Capt Baiubi-idge 

Charl--stowii (Ms) do. 




Philadelphia da. 





ditto do. 




Baltimore do. 




Wash iigton city do. 




Xorfoik do^ 



Sloop of war 


.V. C. Spence 

Baltimore do. 




dittii do. 




Washington city do. 




Charleston S. C. da. 





ditto do. 


Besides those there are many gun-boats, several cutters and three or four bomb vessels. 
j-The Sylph had only 10 guns mounted. 
The foreg'oing list is not ojficiul, but we have labored to m^.ke it tolerably corret, rmd believe it is so 

-r- » *»« ' — ' - • ' - ■-' ■ - - ' — ■ 



Officers ill tlie Navy of the United States. 


H^amcs aecorditi;^ to rank: 


Alex-.oidcr Htu-ra} 
Jolin Kodgei's 
Waluim Baiiibrldg';- 
Hugh G. Campbell 
Stephen Decatur 
Tliomas Ting-ey 
Chai-les Sttwart 
Isaac Hull 
Isaac Chauiicey 
John Sliiw 
Jolni Smilii 
John H. Dent 
DjVid Porter 
John Cassin 
Samuel Evans 
Ch.irles Gordon 
Jacob Jones 
diaries Morris 
Jobepli Tarbell 
Arthur Sinclair 
Oliver H. Perry 



\ .v_\-y,ird, c" 

!^r;sidcnt,44, Riiode Island 
74, i.atChark'stown, (Ms.) 
Soutiiern station 
'J. States, 44, X. London 
\,ivy-yard, Washington 
<J^ institution, 44, Boston 
74; bidldsuc^- at Portsmouth 
Cunidg. on lake Ontario 
Navy-y;ird, New-Orleans 
Congress, 36, at sea^' 
N.ivy-yard, Charleston, s. c. 
Essex, 32, at sea 
Navy-yard, Gosport 
Navy-yard, New-York 
Constel'ialion, 36, Norfolk 
1812l.Macedonlan, 38, N. London 
1812 Adams, 32, Potomac 
ItjloiConi. flotilla in Chesapeake 
ISlSlPike, lake Ontario 
ISl^jCommanding on lake Erie 


Names accordiiij^ to rank- 
J-mes T. Lt-'inard 
.loseph Bambridije 
Wm. M. Crane 
J.,mes Uiddle 
l^ewis Warrington 
Taos. M^icdonough 
Cileries G. Ridgle_. 
Samuel Angus 
i Johnston Blakeley 
i >L T. Woolscy 
Robert T. Si>tnce 
Edw..rd Trenchard 
Jolm Downcs 
i George P rker 
i Daniel I. Pa t-rson 
i John D. Ht-nley 
Jesse D. Elhott 
John J. Yarnall 


ST.n^IONS, &c. 


b}lp:), ly, Inke Oniai-io 
Frolic, 20, Boston 
.Madison, 24, lake Ontario 
Mornet, 18, New-London 
Peacock, 20, Ne\v-Yoi-k 
Connig. on lake Ciiamplaln 
Syren, 14, Boston 

nidg. fiotilla on Delaware 
Wasp, 20, Newburyport 
OneicLi, 18, lake Ontario' 
Nav3'-yard, Baltimore 
Ualtlttnake, 14, at sea 

N' 18, lake Erie 
Lawrence, 18, do. 

Sugar planting in Georgia. 

Being informed tliat some successful experiments 
liad been made in the cultivation of svffar m 
Georgia, we took some pains to ascertain the pro- 
gress made towards the attainment of an object 
so interesting. One of the gentlemen addressed 
.on this subject was favored with the following 
statement, which he received of his friend, and 
politely forwarded for insertion in the Rkoistek. 
Sapelo, August 17, 1813. 
Sir — Your letter on the subject of sugar planting, 
has come to hand, and in reply to your inquiries of 
my opinion of its probable success, I can only say, 
that my opinion is made up, on the e.vperience of 
six or seven years pl.anting, from one to five acres. 
I never made any sugar imtil two years ago, because, 
as you know, I have been uniformly in the legisla- 
ture at that season of the year, when the cane is 
ripe. Two years ago, there was made twenty-five 
pounds of good sugar, and last year eighty -four, on 
my pl.antation, from two rows, of one hundred and 
five teet long, or something less than tiie fi)rtieth 
Part of an acre — this would be upwards of three 
thousand weight to the acre ; but I woidd not ex- 
pect a field of cane to be as good. 

I had last year ten acres. I gave one acre away to 
a friend, and put up into stack, as tiiey do in Lou- 
isiana, nine acres, intending to plant one hundred 
this season ; — but the v.-inter was so severe that my 
cane was injured in stack, and 1 could only plant 
forty odd acres. I am, however, erecting my su- 
gar works, and shall plant extensively the coming 
year, meaning only to manufacture this season as 
much as wdl fully instruct my people. 

For many years, the public opinion in this quar- 
ter, has run very much against the cultivation of 
the cane, and I was deterred (against the convic- 
tions of my own mind in its favor) from going to tlie 
expence of five thousand dollars in erecting sugar 
works. At present, every one, that has seen tht 
sugar made at my place, and tlie cane growing, is 
anxious to go into the cultivation, and in two years 
Bomc thousand acres will be planted. 

I li.ive thus confined my answer to your single 
enquiry as to the probable success of this article. 
Had I supposed, you wished far a mor« detailed ac- 

count 1 would have given it. You will observe this 
sugar has been produced upon a Sea-Island, though 
I have no doubt the culture will extend some dis- 
tance into tlie counti-y, though if cultivated on 
swamp land, I susjiect tlie sugar wdl not be of an 
equal qualitx . 

And I remain, sir, yowr obedient servant, 

J. W. Deveveaux, Esq. — JMiUedgernlle. 

European Prospects. 

We have, be fore noticed the little dependence that 
is to be ])ut in Eurojiean advices, first distorted in 
the columr.s of tlie Ji>iii.<>h mliusterial papers, and 
then so garbled on tins side of the Atlunlic as to 
doubly o'.jscure tlie weak rays of truth, tliat had 
forced their way througli the mass of delusion — for 
the "well-inclined" in the United States only take 
such parts of tliC news as best suits their own ]nir- 
poses, to the great detrinieut of the public intellT- 
gence : and it unfortimatel) liapjiens that the foreign 
gazettes very generally fall into the hands of persons 
capable of the thing here complained of. 

The late intelligt- iice fiom Europe of the rupture 
of the armistice and the new coalition of liussia, 
Austria, Prussia, Biitain and Sweden against 
France, whedier it be true to the amount as stated 
or not, has alhirded infinite satisfaction to the ene- 
mies of the United States; who see, in the wonder- 
ful conjunction, many reasons to induce Great Jiri. 
tain to ijersist in her arrogant and inadmissible pre- 
tensions, so far as they concern ovr coipitr) — for this, 
and nothing else, is the cause of the exultation we 
see in many of our journals. Were not England 
concerned m those wars, tiiey would feel as little 
interest for the "deliverunce of Em ope" as for the 
ntLiVERANCK OK Asia — and that "iiumanit\," "liber- 
ty," or "religion" has no part in tlieir feelings, is 
proved from their pcrfi ct Insensibility to the oppres- 
sions of Ireland, the outrages in Sicily and worship 
of Jiip'^ernuiit. 

We sincerely regret the facts that have transpired, 
if true ; and we siiall consider them as such tor the 
purpose of ofiering a few passing remarks. We re- 
gret tliem, Jirst, as bolstering the pride of our ene- 


my, and direrUng the people of Great Britn in ivom 
looking- lowarus such mfHsures as nii|(hi to un 
honorable pence. iSecrjndh;, because of llie toi renls 
of blood that must flow and overwhelming' desota 
tion that will follow, this new and ill-advised confe 
deracy — and, thirdli/, as its object will entirely fail, 
that lAhpoleoii's already miglity power may be in- 
creased, by the discomfiture of tliose who, witli a 
•short season of peace and a due attention to their re 
sources, miglit liave withstood his pretensiou.s, in a 
quarrel of theii- own.. 

It appears probable i\vA{. Bor.npurte calculated \he 
armistice would not tenriinate in p'.ace, fi-oni the 
immense bodies of troops that have marched from 
Prance and Italy and the states of the confederation 
of the Rhine, to join his grand army near the line 
of demavkation. This forct, at our last accouiUs, 
must have amounted to nearly 500,000 men, and 
that of the allies was, perhaps, as gv&tt, yet not 
so well disposed or concentrated. But what cuul^ 
have induced his futher-in-la-.v, the emperor of 
Austria, to join in this leag-ne a.j^iinst him, if he 
has really joined it, is in.cmiprciiensible ; unless 
we attribuie it to that infatuation, or rather insanity, 
that hasfor many years possessed the cabinets oi Eu- 
rope, leadiii;^ directly to the establisiunent of tiie 
power they meant to destroy, and makun^ their own 
territories the seat of tiie calamities they wouiti have 
inflicted on others. And to ihose wiio hare view- 
ed the chain of events for twenty odd years past oh 
that continent, it will, indeed, ap[x;ar that, Qwem 
J}etis vitlt perdere priim dementat. 

Six times has JVapoleon placed his foot upon tlie 
necic of .hi.if>-i<i — six times has he refrained to exer- 
cise the conq'iernr's right, and periniited a power to 
e:i>st thatfoug-lit unfeignedly for the annihilation of 
his own. He lioped to have bound tlie emperor to 
the happiness of ins own people, by a marriage with 
his beloved dai!:^diter, and the birih of a grandson 
would have appeared to have consummated this 
desire. This v.'ife, tiie child of the emperor o^i .his- 
irin, has been treated with tiie most marked tender- 
ness and respect ; and, in his absence, she directs, 
as tlie regent, the affairs of the empire. Wiuit else 
could he have done to shew his conHdence in ,'his- 
tfia — and wliat lias Austria to prefer again him ? — 
"Wiiat had she not to liope from his friendsliip, and 
tiiat of his wife and her son, the heir apparent of 
the most powerful state in the world ? The declara- 
tiiin of war (if .iustria has declared war) may give 
us some clue to the conduct of her ruler, when we 
receive it. 

.Moreau, it is also stated, has joined Bernadotle, 
who has a force of about 10U,00(i men, a medley of 
nuuiy nations, somewiiere near the Elbe. We are yet 
douoiful of Beriiadotte\ real designs ; hut lo(jk upon 
hiin as a ruined man, if he has really and truly in- 
tended to earn the wages of England, and desert the 
friend who has made him what lie is. 

For many reasons too tedious to detail, we are 
clearly of opiiMon that tiiis EiigUsk codXxi'wn will be 
immediately dissolved. Jionaparte has taken his 
nieasure:i, and will cusnmaud the peace of the conti- 

We are pleased with these anticipations, though we 
snicrrely ilepiore the causes that give birth to them ; 
for we cannot, on any account, consider this war, bu* 
as the war of Great Britain; and we fervently wish 
that Great Britain may be discomhted every where 
and in every tiling, until she does the just part to the 
United States, our country. .May all tlie allies of the 
enemy, our enemy, fad ; whether they be, the savages 
of America, the Moors of Africa, the Cossacks of 
Europe, or Uie tourderous idoiators of Ada .'— M^y 

she be pinched on every side, and return to honesty 
through iiecesnitu, the only law she respects. 

AlwayscoiisKlering lionaparle a man, and ne- 
ver being aijle to bring myselt to forgive him for his 
assumption of the throne, I have no pleasure in A/* 
victories — but wiien 1 see in them die liumilia- 
tion of liie enemy of my o-um coinUry, my feelings 
may be described by say mg, I am glaa that England 
is defeated, though 1 regret that Bonaparte h:<s con- 
quered : and so vier.'iiig it, as 1 have more regard to 
1 he pe-ic* and independence of die United States than 
for the " deliverance of Europe" as the llrituh wars 
are fmcifully called, I am free to confess, that the 
sensation of pleasure far overb.-lances that of regret. 

MWX^ 0H%^ ^At. 

The conquest of Canada. When it is considered 
tltat the United States, from a long period of peace, 
were destitute of military means save what existed 
In tiie iiatural resources of the country, and had but 
few, very few, citizens acquainted with the multifa- 
rious bus;nes of war, a science that can oiilv be learn- 
ed with great application, and considerable experi- 
ence and when to the reflections immediately 

present with these facts, we add the difficulties cast 
in our way by the conduct of general Bull, so proli- 
fie of injury, we shall see the point of die remark 
made by that tough old patriot, major-general Pui- 
nam, who had fully participated in the labors and 
dangers of the conquest of Canada, tlien a vei-y 
inconsiderable colony, by the British, the war for 
which ended by the capture of Quebec, September 
13, 1759. 

Being often questioned, at the first dawnings of 
our glorious revolution, by many of tlie royal officers 
of distinction, with whom he had served in Canada^ 
as to die part he wouhl take in the event of an open 
rupture, he said, " tfithijis country." When tlie " na- 
kedness of the land" was pointed out to him, and the 
prowess of the British fleets and armies were en- 
larged upon, to shew the folly of resistance — he re- 
turned " that the event was with Providence ; but 
that he had calculated, if it required six tkaks for 
the combined forces of England and the colonies, to 
conquer such a foebl* country as Canada, it would, 
at least take a hmg time for England alone to over- 
come the colonies," Sic. 

R'^:TALiATn)x. Salem Oct. 9. — On Thursday last, 
ten Engiisli prisonei's were selected from the prison 
ship m this town, and sent to Ijiswich stone jail, to 
be kept in close conflnemcnt, as hostages m part lor 
the sixteen unfortunate Americans confined in a 
dungeon at Halifax. We also learn that about one 
liundred English soldiers and seamen are to be de- 
tained in retaliation for those so unaccountably se? 
lected from the American prisoners at Halifax, and 
sent to England. This motle of retaliating upon the 
enemy lias produced good ettects en former occa- 
sions, and we trust that a speedy release of our utv? 
fortunate countrymen so cruelly and so unjustly con- 
hned by the enemy, will be the immediate result of 
this spirited measure of our government. 

7'/^ Russian mediation. Our commissioners ar- 
rived at St. Petersburgh on the 27th of July. Lords 
Aberdeen an<l JVulpule have proceeded, or were about 
to proceed to the continent, as some suppose to meet 
Messrs. Gallatin and Bayard. 

We are led to believe (says the J^'eiv-York Gazette) 
ft'om private advices per the Robert Burns, that al- 
though the British government had rejected the me- 
diation of Russia, they had sent out lord Walpole 
and Mr. ^Moricre, to hear tlie propositions of Messrs 



Ba5'nrcl nnd Adams. Few, however, were so f^a-.-.^iiinL-. 
^s lo suppose, that a peace would ^vow out of this 
mission, as it was believed i?i England, that our com- 
missioners were not ciolhed with aji\' powers whic!". 
vfeve not dependent on die proffered mediatiion ct 
Russia. We shall prohablv soon know more about 
the nature of the instructions given to r^ur envoys. 
Our opinion is, that thc'ir powers are unlimited. In 
this case the result may be propitious to the iriendh 
of peace. 

E-i-chansre, &c. A letter from Liverpool, dated 
Aug-iist 29, says — " I am soriy to mform you, 'Ji;'t 
the exchan.c^c of prisoners jis ap-eed t!i}on by colonel 
I'arclay and f;cnoiial Muson has not bi;en sanciioiied 
by tlie Uritish ijovernmeiU." 

Tiie following- letter from one of the Britis'i under 
secretaries of state, has bccii published as relating- to 
tiie intercourse between the United Slates and Great 
Britain : 

« WiuTKUALL, Aug-. 14, 1813. 

*' Sir — I am directed by lord SidiUDUtii to acknow- 
ledge tlie receipt of your leHer of the 12di instant, 
stating the arrival of the Robert I'urns cartel, at 
Liverpool, from Kew-Yo; h, :i;id reque.':ting permis- 
sion for her return to America with passengers. 

" You also state in your letter that the documents 
which accomp.'iny it will shov,' on what ground the 
cartel was enabled to come to this country, f:om 
Vihicli you trust a indulgence v/ill be granted 
to the ship on her return -voyage, namely to take as 
passe»gers all Americans who may have regidar 
passports: also any Brilisli suijjects (except a me- 
chanic) whose concerns may call them to the United 

" In reply, I am to acquaint yon, that permission 
will be given to llie Robert Hums cartel to return 
to New-York, with such Americ inpi-isoner.s as shall 
have been duly exchanged : but that the British go- 
vernment cannot consent to allow any American 
citizen resident he:'e to proceed as passenger on 
board the cartel until some satisf.ictory explanation 
s!)all have been given of the detention of Britisli 
su.bjccts. resident in the United States.* 

" For tiie same reason the Britisii government can- 
not permit any British subjects to proceed in ihc 
cartel to the United States, as ihey may be thereby 
exposed to the same measures of s^veiitj-. 

Iam,&c. (Signed) J. RP.CKETT." 

" C. Shells, Exq. St. MihlreiVs Court." 

An English paper, speaking of the vinth Septem- 
ber, the day recommended by the President as a day 
of fasting, liumiliation and prayerj liad these words : 
"Let no man who wishes t« continue tlie war by ac- 
tive jneans, bii vote, or lending money, dare to rnos- 

TRATE HIMSKLF AT TIIE ALTAR, OU tllC fast day ; for 

these are virtually as much partakers in the war as 
the soldier who thrusts the bayonet ; and althoiigh 
they mail not be consumed at the altar, yet tlie judg- 
ments of tiie Almighty will await them !" VVell — 
and on tlie tenth, tiie very next day, Perry "consum- 
ed" the enemy ! — Miserable wretches ! 

The firings of the flotillas on lake Erie, were 
heard on tiie lUth ult. distinctly, by many persons 
down the lake, at the distance of one hundred and 
sixty miles. 

* British subjects have not been detained. The 
order that certain of them should remove from the 
■tea coast, the coast being threatened by the enemy, 
has probably given rise to the idea ; we have not so 
far forgot what was due to humanity as Jrst to do 
what the enemy has done ; nor have .any made 
prisoners but such as were really captured as such 

A bill is before the legislature of South Carolina, 
autliorising the treasurer to borrow of the banks 
130,000 dollars, at an interest not exceeding 7 per 
cent, to pay the state's (juota of tiie direct tax. 

British license. — On Saturday last, tiie lion, judge 
Story pronounced (before the circuit court now in 
session in Exeter, N. H.) sentence in the cai-e of tlie 
ship St. Lawrence, sent into Portsmouth, (with a 
British license) by the privateer America, r)f Salrm^ 
condi-mning vessel and cargo to the captors, for a 
breacii of liie United States non-importation law. 

\_r.os. pa]), ^th i)is/. 

In consequence of the late movements of our ar- 
mies, there lias been a levyp» lunssr in J.o-wer Cano- 
da. of all persons capable of bearing arms from 15 
to 25 years of age. 

By biis excellency lie uteri an t-j';enei':d sir CiKouRr, Pnr- 

vosT, governor-general antl commander-in-chief 

inandoverhismrjesty's NorihAmericanprovineeSj 

A ri!0('I,AMATION. 

Ii having been represented to his excellency, tlie 
commander of tlie forces, tliat in consecjuence of 
the adoption by the government of the U. Slates, 
of tlie nov.d and tmjustifiabie i)rii;ciple, of m.aking 
|)risoners of war, and ji^irolling, the unarmed and 
peaceable citizens of tiiese provinces, .several sub- 
jects of his majesty have, under such circumstances, 
been deterred from accepting emi:iloyment in their 
diflerent callings as mechanics or otIier\vi!:e, or fiamn 
aiding in vny other mumei- the pu'slic service, under 
an apprehension of exposing tliemselves to tlie i-e- 
sentment of the enemy for having violated their pa- 
role. Ills excellency takes tiiis public ojijiortunily of 
declaring, that sucli aprincljilc is not sanctioned liy 
the usages of war amongst civilized nations, and 
that no parole thus extorted From peaceable citi- 
zens not taken in arms, can be cunsidered as bind- 
ing upon them, or as exempting tiicm from any mi- 
litary or other duties wliicii they may be called up{)n 
to perform. 

The only leg-itimate objects of capture on land 
dtu'lng War, as recognized by tlie laws of nations, 
are those who are actually eng.iged in military ser- 
vice, or Avho are found with aims in their liands ; 
beyond these two descriptions of persons it has ne- 
ver been the practice of the modem nations of Eu- 
rvjpe to consider any other as li;dde to be carried 
aw.ay as prisoners of war, or as siil)jects to be pa- 
rol t-d. 

It was reserved for America, who has last assum- 
ed a rank among the nations, and for those actinj; 
under its authority, unncccssarih' to increase tljc 
c.damities of war, by making peaceable and unof- 
fending citizens subject to its rigours, and b\ exact- 
ing from them engagements, the nature of which is 
to jireclude them fi-om g.-'/ming their stibsistence by 
their honest and ordinan- caUiinj^s, if exercised in 
support of the government whicli protects them. — 
hi order to remove from tli:^ ininds of sucli persons, 
wiio, liaving i'allen into tlie power of the enemy, 
have been oi)liged to entei" into engagements of this 
nature, all :ipprehension with regard to tlie conse- 
quences of violating th.em, his excellency deems it 
necessary thus publicly to dechre, that a jiarole, 
even l.i\\iuily taken, can only extend to tiie military 
service in arms, in the gan'ison or the field", 
of the perso;is giving il, and c.umol preclude them 
from performing their ordinary duties as subjects, 
or from the exercise of their usual civil occupations. 

And his excellency heie further declaies, that 
should the enemy still persist to act upon the imjiist 
principle befoiementioned, and should anj" persons 
(who having been paroled as aforesaid, shall 
fall into tlie hands of the enemy,) be treated witti 


SeTerity in conseqnence of their having been emjjlt)}- 
ed in the public service in any other niannei-, he will 
not fail, immediately to avail himselt" of the means 
within Ills power, of removing' from the American 
frontiers such of their citizens as shall be within his 
reach, and of retaliating upon them all the. severity 
and rigor vvhicii shall h ive been practisetl towards 
any of his majesty's sul)jects under liie foregoing 

His excellency at the snme time feels it incnnibr^nt 
iipon him further to declare, that as he has stroi.g 
reasons to believe that in several instimces the pi- 
roles thus taken have hecA souglit for by llie per- 
sons as giving them the means of evading the per- 
formance of their militia and oilier duties, and as 
others, notwithstanding the present deciaration, 
may, from similar or worse motives, be inducetl still 
to witlihold their aid m carrying on public worki, 
his excellency will feel himself compelled forthwith 
to send all such useless and disaiiccted cliHracters 
out of the country to the enemy, to wiiom they con- 
^der themselves as belonging, as prisoners of war, 
there to remain as such until regularly cxchangeil. 
Given tinder my haiKl and seal at arnT< at Kingstwn, 

this fourth day of September, one thousand eiglii 

himdred and thirteen. 

Commander of the forces. 

By his excellency's command, 

E. B. Bl!E^■TO^'. 

From Ontario. — T?y the .siaiements publislied in 
em last, an universal anxiety was excited, wlielted 
not a little by the apparently incomiirehensible 
v., nt of intelligence,* as to the result of the contest 
b tween the hostile squidrons on Ontario. It was not. 
\:i!Lii U'edtie'sdiiy, almost a week after we first heard 
of the Ixtttle, we learned that Chmnict'U, if not en- 
tirely victorious, at least obtained a signal tri- 
umph over bis arroguit foe, — to the great distress of 
flie enemies of the United State n. 

We have not yet received official details : indeed 
the accoiinls we have are extremely desultory, but 
they all agree in this, that Ver, was beaten ; and that 
ductaicey returned to Sacke/t''ii llurlior cap- 
turing four of his schooner.^, filled with tr.>nps. 

Tlie facts are briefly as follows : — 'I'he action took as stated in page 101 — hut the battle was not 
}^-eneral ; for tiie enemy avoided it, and so far suc- 
ceeded, that the Pilcc alone ff>r more than lialf an 
hour fougiit his wliole fleet! — Feo got so near tlie 
land off ii7/r/ni^.-/.s?t licights, the better to be /'ro- 
tectedby the land batterie>-, that tiie If'o'ff gronn i-. d, 
and the other vessels were compelled "to suriound 
her to save her from llie terrible fire of our frigate. 
Chauncey maintained the figlit for about an hour 
longer, vrhen, fas it seems, for we are not informed 
how it happened) finding he could not effect the 
destruction of the enemy, afier Perrti^s excellent 
manner, .ind. perhaps, having some otiier important 
tobj-ct in view, he left the "knight of the rueful 
countenance" and proceeded down the lake, cp- 
turing on his way four of tlie enemy's schooners, 
(two of them being those tliey took from us some 
time ago) having on board about 28u German troops 
and lef, llie Lady uf tlie Luke :ind \\\e Sylph in cliase 
of a fifth vessel, which they have probublv taken. 
This sketch may suHice until we are better informed 
of particulars. In the aflVa- , the Pike had fifteen or 
twenty killed and wounded; and the eiiemv is sup- 
po3e<l to have suffered very considerablv. 

* Several express mails arrived at Washington 
city, without a single letter from the lines — supposed 
tv militarv orders. 

7Vie northern armien, are probable, tJiis dav, en 
tirely in Canada. Major-^enevA Hampton, v,iXh40i)Q 
choice troop , whose number whs considerably in- 
creased immediately on his arrival, reached Og'dens.- 
burg, (on the St. La-wrence, about 13U miles m est of 
JifontrealJ on the 4Ui inst. Ills object was known 
only to iiimself and his superiors ; but as his troops 
iiad left belilnd them all dieir baggage except what 
was necessary for their immediate \vants, a suddea 
attack on uie enemy was fjiirly expected. Ii seems 
as if lie were to cioss the river and take a posllioi\ 
to stop the conuiiunication betwei-n Kingston and 
Loii'er Canada. Major- ;:,enei'al Tl i/kinnon iet't fort 
Ge.jrge on liie 2Uth ultimo, and wiiii niany boats, 
carrviDg about 4oUi> of the best troops, arrived at 
Stickeic's llurbor on the 2d or 3d inst. at whjC h place 
j tiie most extensive jireparat.ons )iad been made for 
! a grand secret expedition. "We are not yet Informed 
if ike expedition lias sailed, bin suppose it did about 
Uie rtli, and C'lU'ino'i, do^ibtlesi came there to 
do his part in it. Yeo, it, had went up to 
the head of the lake to bring down the British 
troops ; and that he partially succeeded m getting 
them ofl" IS to be interred from the capture of some 
parties of them ; but his uiain object was dcff-ated. 
Fort George is left under the command of colonel 
Scott, With rJO regulars aud 50U New-Yoik militia; 
but the wiioie of that frontier is in the charge oi 
b:igailier-general J\PChtre, of New-York, Avith a 
f)ice altogether of 3 oi' 4"00 men, inchuimg 5 or 
6jkj Indians, 'i'lie p.atriotism of the New-York nuli-. 
tia surpasses all praise ; they have flocked to tiic 
frontier with all possible alacrity, and have no scru- 
ples oj'couscieiice about entering the cnemv's couiilrv. 
Wiieii general Ji'Cliire arrived at Leiviston, tlie 
ih-iti^h, from Qiieenston, opened a fire upon liim ; 
but they were soon silenced bv acoujjle of pieces o^ 
cannon brought fiom fort George and niariy oi their 
buildings laid in ashes by hot shot. V/e sustained no 
ii jury. Every thing m this quarter is full of life 
a!id spirit , and has a prospect of glorious success. 

From the north ^^'cstern uriny we have nolhing fiir- 
ther tliaii is stared L)elow ; save only that a letter to 
the editor of the Rkoisteu sa_\s,gener;dl3', ^''^^ every 
possible ];reparatioii had been made and was m;;king 
to piuaue the white and red enemy hi all directions. 

On the ivhulr, -ae indulge the hope that the entire 
enemy force West o/' Montreal v.-ill he in 07ir possession 
in a ffiv days, if it has 7iot uli-eady happened. The 
address and united t..lents of the secrelaiy at war 
and general IlilLinson, assisted by the excellent 
Chauncey, appear to have completely out gcneraUed 
tlie enemy on the lower lake, and Perry's mighty 
deed ope:ied tiie w;iy for all sorts of successful ope- 
ration m the uj)])er country, 

O^ViJJii.'i'o.'if-'/. — Since the above written we have 
an account to u hich we attach fiill ci-e-'it, a part 
of the N. W. army, probibly colonel Johnson^s 
mounted men, had entered IJetroit on the 28th ult. 
widioiu opposition. The enemy had evacuated and 
;;urnt tlie fort and citadel and all the public build- 
ings. Gur Indians iiad Ciqiiurcd and broiiglit in 13 
or 14 of the enemy Indians. 

It is staled that general Dearborn has been order- 
ed to lake the command at A^exv York for a short 
time ; after which he will proceed to the ti-ontiers, 

The stales of ,\eu< York and Vermont ;ire pouring 
foi-lh their patriotic spirits to the lines — from wlience 
we hope and believe they may soon return to their 
homes, conscious of having " done the state some 

Col. Constant, of the 3d reg. U. S infantry, has 
resigned his command, in consequence of the ap- 
ooinlment of colonels Pike, Winder, ami I/.ard, lo 
be brigadier generals in the army of the United 


states, considering himself injured by tlje violation 
of his grade. His resigualioii has been accepted by 
the President. 

For prisoners in Canada, see page 109. 

Many letters from the Creek country confirm the 
horrid account of Uie fight and niass.»cre at T^nasio 
or Tensaw, as noticed in page 77 , wilh additional 
particulars. There were 308 souls, in all, in the 
fort, of whom only \7 or 18 escape<l. T'ie Indian 
force was about 700 warriors ; who, '<fter the massa- 
cre, ravaged all the adjacent countrj-, burnt the 
houses, auvl kdled or carried off the negroes and 
stock. It is tliought they lost nearly 200, for our 
people, seeing no hope of escape, fought desperate- 
ly. Tacre appears a disposition lo blame col. Hato 
kins for giving a false srcurity ; and for restraining 
the mditary movements for the def^nci.' of the coun- 
try. A considerable numh?r of gen. Jachs')n''s mount 
ed volunteers were to have rendezvous d near Nash- 
ville on the 26t.h idt. to go against the savages. 

For some inter»:sting particulars, see page 105 — 6. 

Tile garrison at Norfolk is k'^pt up by fresli troops 
from the interior. Among th^m is a company ot 
riflemen, completely eq lipped, of whom it is said 
ever/ one can bring down his man at the distuice of 
200 'yards. 
Extract of a letter from maj. gen Harrison to thf 

Secretary of war, dated head quarters, Bass Island, 

22 nd. Sep f.'l8r:i. 

" TUe greater part of the troops are here with me, 
and the whole will, 1 believe, be up by 12 o'clock. I 
shall proceed as far as the Middle Sister, in the 
course of to night and to-morrow, and in the follow- 
ing night get so near the enemy's coast as to land two 
or three miles below M Jden by eigiit o'clock in Ihe 
morning. These prospects may, however, be retard- 
ed by adverse win Is. — Com. Perry gives me every 
assistance in his power." 

Copt/ of a letter from maj. g-en. Harrison t» the -war 
Head-Quaitcvs, Anihfrst'mrg;, Sept. 23, 1813. 

Sir — I have thr honor to inform }uu that I landed 
the urmy under my command about three miles be- 
low this plice .at 3 o'clock this evening-, without op- 
position, and took possession of the town in an hour 
after. General Proctor has retreated to Sandwich 
tVith his regul ir troops and Indians, hiiving previous- 
ly burned the fort, navy-yard, barracks and public 
store houses — the two latter wei-e veiy extensive, 
covering several acres of fjround. I wdl pursui' tiie 
enemy to-morrow, although tliere is no probability 
of my overtaking him, as he has upwards of one 
thousand horses, and we have nfit one in the armv. 
I shdl think myself fortunate to be able to collect a 
sufficiency to mount the general olRcei-s. It is sup- 
posed here that general Proctor intends to csiablish 
himself upon the river French, forty miles from 
Maiden. I have the honor to be, &.c. 

Goprjofa Utter from commodore Pemj to the sucrtiarij 
of the. JVuvy. 
U. S. scliooMi^r Ai-iol, Mnldi-n Harbor, 

23;l Srptenribt r, 13 3, j P. M. 

Sin — I have the honor to acq'.iaiiit you that the 
army under m ijor-general Harrison, jiave this mo- 
ment marclied ,nto .VI dden, without opposition and the -sqn.dron are now at ai>chor oH'the town. 
I h.tve die iiouor lo !)e, &c. O. H. PERRY. 

Extract of a letter from colonel Smith of the rife re- 
giment, to colonel A. Y. JVichoU, inspector-general, 

. , Lower Sandusky, October A, 1813. 

1 h.ave already collected 520 of my regimeiu.— 
The List accounts from liic general state that lie was 
ifl pursuit of Proctor \;\\q had evacuated Maiden, ^ 

'(iiw hours before he landed, I fear he will make his 
escape. I leave here immediately for Portage, and 
probably quarters to prociu-e trcmsport for my 

Copit of a letter from maj or -general Harrison to go- 
vernor jMei:r!i, dated Head Quarters, Jlmhersls- 
burg, 27lh of September, IBl.",, lo o'clock, P. JiL 
Dkah Sir, — Tlie enemy have given up this impor- 
tant place without opposition ; having destroyed 
the tort and all the public buildings, which were 
immensely extensive and valuable, particularly the 

Proctor Was yesterday at Sandwich, with his re- 
gulars and Indians. It is supposed he is bending his 
course to the river French, there to fortify and make 
■i stand. I sliall follow him as soon as I collect a few 
horses to mount the general officers and some of 
liie staff. 

A miserable French poney upon which the vene- 
rable and patriotic governor of K^intucky was 
iiiountetl, is the only one in the army. 

Ue Lntievl three miles below the town. I wish 
your troops to remain at one of the Sandusky's for 
orders. Your friend, 

Fi-r a British acco iit of tiie proceedings of admi- 
ral C.chliurnf at the head of the Chessupeake., see 
page 110. 

The sloops of war. Frolic, Wasp and Peacock, 
lately launclied, are of Ihe burthen of 509 tons, have 
26 ports, and will carrj- 20 32 lbs. carronades and 2 
long 9's, and 196 men. 

Cupt. Gordon has taken the command of the Con- 
stellation, lying at Norfolk. 

A c .plain of one of tlie 74's that was sent after 
com. Rodgers, writing to his friend, says "tell Mr. 
that he will have the pleasure of seeing com. 

Rodgers bye and bye in Edinburgh ;"— and adds 
"we expect to have a tough contest with him." 

British naval appointment. — Captain S. P( phi'm,- 
to the command of the ^^olus frigate, under orders 
to join sir J. L. Yoe, on the lake service in America. 

Helow will be found the British accounts of the 
capture of the U. S. brig Argns, with the death of 
lleut. com. Mien, late of the frigate United States, 
and highly approved by Pecatnr f >r his conduct in 
the battle willi the Jluceduniun. Vv'e have content- 
ed ourselves with »;iying that these accounts are "es- 
sentially false ;" and' .<i]iall be much dlsapointcd if it 
does not appear, that tlie force of the Pelican was 
really in wcij^ht of metal as well as in men, nearly 
double tliat of our brig. Previous to her capture 
the Argus had destroyed tivcnty-one vessels of the 
eneni) -.—see piize lists. We have lost another hero, 
and a tine little brig — but the enemy has gained n» 

A vessel that has arrived, at New-'fork from Nortli 
Carolina, oii Currituck picked up tv.o barges in 
whlcii were cutlasses, an lH pounder and other war- 
iiiie implements. 

The president of the United States h.aving consi- 
dered the late British brig Itouer as of equ d force 
With the Enterprize, has ordered her to be delivered 
up for the benefit of tiie capiors. 

The British privateer iJurt had committed great 
depredations on the eastern coast. LieutenanX AV- 
cholson, conmiaiidiiig at liiKidc-Islaiid, had the re- 
venue cutter manned with about 2 ■ nu n, all volun^ 
i^-ers, and she went out and took the privateer — see 
oHicird account. Tiie Uart had robbed a vessel thai 
had been lele^ised at B rmuda of ^500 ; wlilch whs 
re-ovci-ed, and given by the owners to the ciew of- 
1 cutter in compliment to tlieir conduct. R;)S , the^ 
cai)tai» of the privateer, appciuy ;i fiuislicd viUi^in* 


A bat; If off Portsmoutli, between llie U. S. brig 
Bnttlesn (ke, cupt. Creit^litoii, and the British b»,g' 
Young Eniuious, cuptuiii Goilfrey, is ex]jecte<l. 'I'lie 
lattei" lias 16 <^nns :iiui 128 men, anil was formeily 

trunsmiiled Ini the latter ojpcer to J. W. Croker, Esq' 

His IVIajt'St) 's sloop P.-lifiiii, Si. David's H'-ftJ, 

East five Iragucs, August I'l 
I have th.e honor ta inform von, thai in obedience 

th» rr t u • X- .1 iu ) f. , ,.,-iA ,.,..„., 1 to jour orders to nie of the 12th instant, to cruize 
the U. a brjt; iSautilus. 1 he latter is 01 14 jnnw and • •o, r-„ . j u i r ,i . 1- e *u^ 

- " '^ m bi. beorge s channel lor the protection ot the 

120 ar 130 men. 

i'arinouth, fJK'ova ScutiaJ Sept. 10. — Tlie late Li- 
verpool i'.ickct, now called (as tliey say) the Yuuitg 
Tcaz^r's Ghost, has been off this pkce for the last 
ipur days. 


The foiluwing-, from a London paper of Aug-. 25, 
is essentially false so far as the statement regards 
the force of tlie respective vessels. But as an ac- 
count of the affair may soon be expected, through 
the navy department, we offer no lurther remarks 
upon tlie lirilisli tale, at present. 

London, Aug. ^5. — "The Americans wanted ano- 
ther proof of British superiority on the ocean. The 
Pelican has atibrded it, in tlie capture of the Argus. 
On the 14th instant, at a quarter past 6, A. M. the 
Pelican descried a vessel oi» hre, between Alilford 
Haven and Saltees, and a briij in company ; on ap- 
proaciiing' neaier, tiie brig stood aw;iy under easy 
sail from the vessel on hre, when the Pelican crowd- 
ed all sail in pursuit of her. The brig cvintinued 
her couise for some tiuie, luitil being ready for ac- 
tion, slie t(>oli in her ro\als, and hove to the wind 
©n the larbo.u'd tack. "When close enougli, the brig 
gave three clieers and a broadside. Soou uflervvfards, 
the Pelican being also prepared for action relumed 
the salute of three ciieers, and a broadside with a 
similar comjilement. 'I'iie opponents closed, and af- 
ter a conicst of 40 minutes, lu \vhich tlie lirig was 
raked five times, c.ip!. Maples gave directions fori 
boarding on her starimard bow, and siie was instant- 
ly cirrictl, the Americans making no resistance what- 
ever, and running below. In tne act of boarding, 
the American ensign was lowered, and after tiie 
brig had struck, Mr. Young, the master's male, re- 
ceived his death wound by a ball from the fore toji. 
The Argus fouglit well v\hile the cannonading con- 
tinued ; but her guns were not levelled with preci- 
sion, antl many shots passed llirougii tlie Pciicaii's 
royals. The Argus's liammocks were cut away fore 
and aft, and iier sides shew evident tokens of the 
<lexlei-ily of her ant.igonist. T!ie Pelican's sides arc 
also full of gra]3e sliol, but her rigging and S4ils are 
injured the most. Two shots, howc-vei-, fouiui their 
way tluough the boatswain's and carpenter's cabins. 
The British, though justly irritated wltii American 
braggadocia, Were cool and steady, and their entlui- 
. siastu Was itgulited l)v the most i^ttentlve discipline. 
A s|)euL bail, after passing through the h.unmocks, 
struck one of cipt. M.iples's biinons, and fell on 
tlte deck. Lieut. Walsli, and Mr. Granville, master, 
higiily uisiiugiiished themselves; but it is, iierhaps, 
iJividious to select any names where one and ail jjer- 
formed their tiuty. The Argus carries 18 24 poun- 
ders and 2 long 12's foinierly belong-ing to the Ma- 
Gedonian, and hud 130 men at the commencement of 
the action ; of whom six men were killed and six- 
teen woiiiuled, besides her captain. T)ie Peiican 
mounts 16 32 ]>ounders and 4 long o^s, and began 
l:he battle will) only 113 men, (Mr. Peane and hve 
men being absentia a prlii.) of whom two were 
killed M\A three wounded. Ctipt. Allen, the com- 
inander of the xVrgus, lost his leg at the second 
broadside; but did ni)t leave the deck, until from 
his fainting away through the lo^s of hlooil it became 
abaOuUeU nectssaiy to iemove hmi bciow." 

Aii>uiiA.LTY Ofi-k i:, Atigiist 24. 
J^xtmct (if « letter fi t,m ctipt. ^Maplea of his ma;estz/'s 
iilo'jj} I*(,licait, to vi«i-udmirii' 'i'!ioiii.bjrttiii^i., and 

trade, antl to obtain information of the American 
sloop of war, I had the good (oitune to board a brig, 
the master of v.-Iiich inibrmed me that he seen 
u vessel ai)parently a man of war steering to the X. 
E.; at 4 this morning I saw a vessel on fire, and a 
brig slaiullng fi-oin her, which 1 soon made out to 
be a cinizer; made all sail in, and at half 
past five we came alongside of her (she having short- 
ened sail, ami made lierself cluar i<)r an obstinate 
resistance) when after giving her three cheers our 
action coiumenced, which was kept up with great 
spirit on both sicics 43 minutes, when we lay her 
alongside, and were in the act of boarding when she 
struck her colors. Slie proved to be the U. Stales' 
sloop of war Argus, of 360 tons, 18 twenty-four 
pound carronades, and 2 long 12 pounders ; had ou 
board when sailed from Americ<i, (two months since) 
a complement of 140 men, but in the action 127, 
commanded by lieutenant-commandant \V. H. Allen, 
who, I regret to say, wounded in tlie early part 
of the action, and has since sufleredthe amputation 
of his left thigli. 

No eulogium I could use would do sufficient jus- 
tice to the merits of my gallant officers and crew 
(which consisted of 116 ;) the cool courage they dis- 
played, and the precision of their fire, could only be 
equalled by their zeal to distinguish then. selves ; 
but I must beg leave to call your attention to the 
conduct of my fir»t lieut. Thomas Welsh ; of Mr^ 
Gaiivllle, acting master; Mr. Wm. Ingnun, tlie pur- 
ser, xvlio volunteeretl his services ou deck ; and Mr. 
liichurd Scott, the boatswain. 

Our loss, I am h:ip])y to say, is small ; — one mas- 
ter's-mate, Mv. Wiiilam Young, slain in the moment 
of victory, while animating, by his courage and ex- 
ample, all round him ; one able seamen, John Kite- 
ry ; besides five seamen wouiuled, who are doing 
well ; that of the enemy I have not been able to as- 
certain, but it is considerable ; her officers say, 
about forty killed and wounded. I have the lionor 
to be, &c. J. P. MAPLES, Commander. 

Plymouth, August 24 
On Saturday last, the 21st was interred with mi- 
litary honors, William Henry Allen, Esq. late com- 
maiuler of the United States sloop of war Argus, 
who lost his left leg in an action with his majesty's 
sloop of war Pelican, J. F. Maples, Esq. captain, in 
St. George's channel, the 14lh iiist. whereof he died 
iu Mill Prison Hospital, on thp 15th following. 
Guard of Honor. 
Limtenain-Culoiiel of Koynl Marines, 
Witli two coiiipaiiiVs ol' lliat corps, 
Tlie Caaiaiiis, Subalterns ami Fitl(!-A djutant 
(onUtis will) lmt-liaii<ls and siarfs.) 

Koytl Marine Band. 

Vicar and Cni-aie of Si. Andi-ew's. 

CieiK 1)1' ditto. 


Willi the Corjisof tli'deiv ned Captain, 

Atteiidid liy tiglit Sc auKn, Intn of the Argus, 

with eiape round (h( ir arms, 

tied with white tiape ribb 

Also, Eight British Captains of the Uoyal Navy, as Pall-Eeartts 

with hat-haiuls and se«rfs, 

Captain Allen's Servants iu Mournire:. 

The OfReers lat' of the ArRus, in nnitiirm, with crape sashei 

and hat-'jiUid". two and two. 

John Hawlii r, Esq. hit. Aiii.rioan Vicp-Consu!, 

and hi<i CI rks, Cvtplaiii Pellow', 

' Conuni^sioni r liir Piisontrs •■f War. 

I Dr. MGradi, Chief M. dlcal Ofllcer at Mill 

Prison n jio;. 

Captains of the Uu\al Navy, in port, 

two and t«o. 

KollgweJ by a very numerous and respecuitle vctiji'ie 

of inliabitaatt. 



The procession left Mill Prison at 12 o'clock. — 
The coffin wis covered with a velvet pall, on which 
was spread the American ensign, under wiiicii the 
action was fought, and on that the liat and sword of 
the deceased were laid. On the coffin being remov- 
ed to the hearse, the guard saluted ; and v.'hen de- 
posited in tlie hcurse, uie procession moved forward, 
the band played the "Dead March in S.iul." On 
their arrival near the church, the guard halted and 
clubbed arms, single hies inward, through whicli 
the procession passed to the church, into which ihe 
corpse was carried, and deposited in the centre aisle, 
whilst the fimeral service was read by the Uev 
Vicar, after which it was removed and iiUeiTed in 
the south yiu-d (passing through the guard the same 
crder fiom as to the churcii) on the riglit of Mr. 
Delphy, niidsljipman of the Argus, who lost boll) 
his legs in the same action, and was buried the pre- 
ceding evening. 

Copy of a letter from commodoi-e Rodgers to the 
Secretary of the Navy. 
V. S. Fnffate President, Paiuxet, Oct. 7th. 
SiH — Enclosed I have the honor of transmitting 
von a letter this moment received from licuteniini 
N cholson, comm .nding the gun boats at Newport, 
informing me of tlie capture of the British private 
armed sloop D .rt. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, &c. 

Hon. William Jones, Secretary of the JWivy. 

Copy of a letter from lieutenant Nicholson to com- 
modore Rodgers. 

J\xii'port, October 5th, 1813. 

Sir — ^I hare the ple:tsure to inform you of tlie 
capture of the British private armed sloop "Dart," 
fay the revenue cutier of this pLice last evening. — 
She appeared ofi' the harbor before sun set; the 
captain of the cutter oHercd his services to go out ; 
i put on board tliree sading masters and about 20 
men ; she immediately made sail and bid iboard the 
Dart, and eairied her by boarding ; her first officer 
was killed ; two of our oww men were wounded 
slightly. The prisoners 1 send for your disposal. 

Very respectfull}', vour most obedient humbk 

Commodore John liodg'ers, U. S. frigate President. 

Copy of a letter from Commodore Campbell to the Se- 
cretary of the .A'avir, dated 

St. Mari's, Sept. 18, 1813. 
Srn — We had yesterdav morning and night pre- 
ceding ofie of the most severe gnles 1 have ever wit 
nessed. It commenced about 6 P. M. at N. N.'^E. 
and veered to N. by W. when it blew with tiie great- 
est tbi-ce, and continued until about 1 A. M. at 
which time the tiile, which had risen to an uncom- 
mon height, ceased to flow, arid for about one hour 
we were favored wnh a calm. About 2 o'clock the 
gale re-commenced at S. W. and blew until day- 
breik with equal, indeed, I think, increased vio- 
lence. Here the destruction commenced ; every 
vessel in harbor drove on shore or sunk at their 
moorings. Gun vessel No. 164, John R. Gra}s6h, 
commander, that had just returned from convcyiu)^ 
tr(X)ps to Beaufort, upset at anchor, and of 26 sotili 
on, board at the time she went down only six were 
saved. Mr. Grayson and two men readied the marsh 
on the Florida side, and wilh great ditiicully sup- 
ported themselves through the night and until 11 
o'clock next day, when thuy were discovered and 
taken off. Mr. Lecompt, midshipman on board, ami 

above tlie harbor. I am in hopes she will be got up. 
No. 62, the same whicli was reported as condemna- 
bie, whicli lay oft' the town, liaving on board the 
men altached to vessels in ordinary, sunk at her 
ancliors, but fortunately no lives were lost. No. 
j60, 158, 63 and 165 are on slun-e above high water 
mark — diey will be got oif with little damage. The 
two former are in ordinary. No. 3, hospital vessel, 
parted iier cables and drifted over a body of marsh 
about 3 miles, and is now on the Florida shore ; I 
have sent her assistance, and hope she will be got 
off. Xo. 168, John lliilbnrd, commander, lying off 
the south end of Cumberland, not being able to 
fetch into this rner above Point Peter, run for the 
harbor of F^rnandir.a, and anchored above the tov^n, 
from which situation he was driven some miles over 
a marsii, an.l is now on shore about 6 or 7 miles from 
this plwce with tiie loss of his mainmast. Tiie Sau- 
c_\ Jack privateer, of Ciiarleston, lying ready to sail, 
is now lying high and dry on a marsh that must be 
it least 5 feet above the level of low tide. She 
draws 14 feet, seven feet being the common rise. 

This town has suttered much : seven inhabited 
houses blown down, and sever:il in frame — but no 
lives lost ; mucli more fortunate than its neighbor- 
ing town Fernandma, where, I am told byagentle- 
m...!! just from place, that 20 houses are blown 
down, every vessel in ]>)rt drove on sliore, except a 
Swedisii br g, and a considerable amotmt of mercan- 
tile property destroyed. I have tlte honor to be, &c. 


Two gun-boats were launched at Plattsburg, on 
the 6th inst. Every thing for their equipment was 
so far lU'ejiared, that they would be immediately 
ready for service. 

?.Ildshipman Claxton, of the Laierence, has died 
of tiie wounds he received in tlie battle on Erie. He 
was 19 years old, had been several years in tlie 
navy, and was a youth of gr«at promise. 


The people of KiUingwin-th had a. ffth skirmish 
wiUi some of the British barges on the 3rd int,t. — 
They were beaten oiT, as it is supposed with consi- 
tlerable loss. 

blockauk of thj: cuksapeaki:. 

There is a manifest disposition in the British offi- 
cers to convert their vessels of war into slave ships. 
The trade in negroes has been brisk, though several 
taiies checked and punished ; and measures have 
l)een taken to sttip it in future. Five or six of these 
deluded and unlbrtuiiate creatures were shot bj- it 
party of militia, attempting their escape to the 
enemy in Lvnhaven ba) . 

On the lOtli insi. some of th _■ enemy's barges were 
in the Paiuaeni, apj;areiit]y sounding the chaunel ; 
After wliich they went down tne bay. 

American Prizes. 


"Tht- winHi and seas are Britain's wide (lonniu, 
"AiiJ iiut a sail, but by puiiiUsiuit tiirciMU i" 

Dril'uh Naval Re siilCi- 

604. British privateer schr. Dirt, six 9 lb. cai-ro- 
nades and six swivels, captuied by the U. S. revenue 
cutter Vigilant, capt. Cahoone and c.irried inti» 
Newport, i^tl' which she had been coiViUuitin;^ maiiv 

'j:j=-The following list of prizes made by ti:e Isle 
U. S. brig A.gus, is copied from a Pl_\ni«uth (E., 
two men, were taken ofT" from an old wreck about i|)..per. It shews tlie efficiency of that kind of wai- 
two and a quarter miles down the river between If". re we have ofieii re. omnicnded ui the li>:(:isT>:i(, 
this place and Point Peter, to which place vhe\ jlo wit, the hlllng out of a nunib.r of tin ill vessels 
were taken. No. 161, in ordirtaiy, lies tunk » Uuk Ju. ue<ji:oy dii:. trade sf thj tiiciny ; who slioidJ be 


bound never to attempt to send in a prize, or fighl^a 
battle with a vessel of war, if it could possibly be 
avoided. The Bclford (see No. 623) is said to have 
been worth 1 0,000/. sterling 

605. 8chr. Salamanca, of Poole, from Oporto to 
tNewfoundland, destroyed. 

606. Brig Susimiiali, from Madeira, to London, 
cargo destroyed ; vessel sent to England with pri- 


— Schr. Matilda, an American privateer, captur- 
ed by the Lion privateer, and since recaptured and 
Sent to EM^laid. 

607. Hrig Richard, from Gibraltar to London, 
destroyed. . . 

6. 8. Brig Fowey, from Limerick with provisions, 

6 J9. Sloop Lady Francis, from Limerick with pro- 

TisioTis, destroyed. 

610. Siiip B'lrbadoes, a transport from Cork to 
Limerick, in ballast destroyed. 

611. Brig Alliance, transport, from Cork to Lime- 
rick, in bidl'ist, destroyed. 

612. Sclir. Cordelia, from Antigua to Bristol, 

613. Ship Betsey, of Bristol, sent to France ; re- 
captured md biOMgiit to Plymouth. 

614. S'lip Mariner, of Bristol, destroyed. 

615. Sliop, name unknown, from Poole to Liver- 
pool, witii cluv, destroyed. 

616. Brig Helena, witli clay, sent to England with 

617. Brig, name unknown, from Wales to London, 
with slates : this brig was quite new, being lier first 
vovage, destroyed. 

618. Cutter Uiani and Betty, from Ireland to Ilfra- 
combe, with bullocks, destroyed. 

619. Siiip Defiance, from Greenock to Newfound- 
land, destroyed. 

620. Brig'Baltic, from Barbadoes to Dublin, des- 

621. Sloop, name unknown, with slates, iron, he. 
cargo destroyed, vessel sent as a cartel. 

622. Brig Belford, from Dublin to London, cargo 
16,500 pieces nf Hnen, destvotjed. 

623. A pilot-boat belonging to Bristol, liberated. 

624. AnoLlier vessel destroyed, particulars not 


British Representation. 

The persons named below were the late great 
leaders of the British government in 1807. They 
were elected from the rotten borouglis to serve in 
Parliament by the number of votes affixed to tlieii 
honorable n.unes — 

Ml-. Canning, . . 36 Returned for N. Town. 

Lord Castlereagli, 32 . • Plympton. 

>[r. Rose, ... 24 . . Christchurch. 

Mr. Long, ... 55 . . Ilessemere. 

Mr. Iluskisson, . 80 . . Li.skeard. 

Mr. S. Bourne, . 24 . , Christchurch. 

Sir A. Warlesley, 42 . St. Michaels. 

.Sir J. Pulteney, . 9!? . Melcomb Regis. 

Mr. D. R. Sanders, 83 . Edidburgshire. 

lion. S. Perceval, 740 . . Northampton. 

The British House of Comm.ons consists of about 
7b0nember, almost as mulli'iidmous as the ^f^^«- 

Sature of MassadiiistHs has ever becu! of these, 

iess than 200, und often 120 or loO, do tlie business 
of the nation. Such io llie boasted "check" on 

By a cartel ship that has arrived at New York, in 
35 <iays from Liverpool, with 15 passengers, papers 
as late as the 27tli Aug. have been received— from 
whicli it appears — 

Tiiat the armistice was broken on the 10th of 
August, the si.N. d.ays notice for the renexyal of lios- 
tdiiles being given, the determination of Jhistnn to 
join the alliW being at the same time, with 
150,000 men. Tiie ;iggregtite of the allie<l forces of 
Russia, Austria and Prussia is given nt 477,00'; men. 
Tlie crown-prince of Sweden is near the Elbe with 
80,000 men.— 9,000 Biltisli troops arrived at Strnl- 
svnd on the 6lh August. Every th:ng is busy, and 
mighty events may be expected, as the opposing 
forces are each ready to act. Indeed, from a firing 
heard along the French coast, it was supposed that 
llonaparte'^hud already gained a victory. Moreaii 
had arrived in Jiiisniu, and it is said, will probably, 
have a higli command in the army. lu Spain, the 
affairs of the Britisli are rather unfavorable. Hel- 
lington appears to have been pretty SL-verely defeated 
near Pamplona. Another account, however, is the 
very reverse of this ; and a JVew-York p.-,per says 
'•WE are now relieved from the apprehension" of 
H'eUin^ton's defe.'it, &c. Tiie truth will out by and 
bye. It is stated that all the French prisonei-s in 
Russia have been marched to Siberia ! 

The elections in JMaryland have terminated in a 
considerable " republican" gain— see p;(ge III. As 
tiie senate of 15 members, is wholly "republican," 
and the governor is elected b\ a joint ballot, the po- 
litical character of the executive will be changed. 
(Xj" Though a majority of the votes in Mle^hany 
county were in favor of the "republican" candidates, 
\:i\e judges of the election, it is stated, have under- 
taken to return tlie "federalists ;" thereby exactly 
i-eversing the strength of the parties in joint ballot, 
Tiie cause given is, that one of the judges being a 
justice of the peace, and from his oath of office sup- 
posed qualified to act, was not sworn to that special 
duty, as ills two colleagues were, for which, all the 
judgesof the county assembled, rejected the votes 
of that district To decide upon this, does not appear 
the province of the judges ; but it will, if admitled, 
completely effect the purpose. Had they returned 
those highest in vol e, and left tlie legality of tjie elec. 
tion to be decided by the legislature to whom it is 
tiiouglit to belong, whether the members were re- 
talncd or rejeGted there had been a majority of 3 
or 1, as the "case mlglu be, in joint ballot, for go- 

The elections in Pennsylvania, so far as we liave 
heard of them, have ended with increased majori- 
ties for tiie " republican" tickets. 


W^ARREN, (O.) Oct. 5. 

By the express.— We announce the glorious intelli- 
gence that Michigan territory is once more ours.— 
Our army took possession of Detroit on the 28th of 
Sept. The British retreated from Maiden at the 
first appearance of our fleet. Tliey burnt up all the 
public buildings and stores, both at Milden and 
Detroit. The army landed without opposition, and 
pursued its course \\]y Detioit river to Sandwich ; 
tlie fleet sailed at the same time i'f.r Detroit. 'I he 
Rritlsh have retreated lor lake Ontario, by the river 
De Trench. The Indians, with Tecumseh at their 
head, iiave turned upon their allies, and al^e harrass- 
in-r their retreat. A flag has been sent in by the In- 
dians soliciting peace. The British, when they be, 
gall their retreat, had but Lhree days proviSWRS. 



11 o. 8 OF VOL. v.] 

BALTIMOUE, SATURDAY, October 23, 1813. 

[whole so. 112. 

Jliec olim memiiiisse mvabit. — Vihgil. 

Printed and pubUshed by H. Niles, Soutli-st. next door to the Merchants' Cofiee House, at « 5 per annum. 

The U. States Navy List, &c. 

Inserted in our last, we exceedingly regret to say, 
has several errors. A moment's recollection would 
have pointed them out ; but confiding in a partial 
statement furnished by a friend with a view to a 
complete list, we did not so carefully examine the 
facts as we ought, or are accustomed to do in things 
of the kind. The en-ors, so far as we are informed 
of them, are these — the frigates Boston, Coiialitii- 
tion, Congress, Essex, John .idams. President, and 
United States, were "built" before the year "1800," 
as stated — siiy in 1798 — and the Hornet in 18(;4 or 
1805. Mast. Com. Charles G. Kidgley, is in Haiti- 
-more, and to command the sloop of war first to be 
kiimched here. The Syreji, we believe, is under 
Mast. Com. Parker. 

charge of 

Transmission of tlie Register. 

The numerous complaints that have reached me 
fi'om the state of Virginia, within a few weeks past, 
ot the detention of the Weekly Register, almost 
leads me to suspect what I would not willingly be- 
lieve, that I am not fairly dealt with ; but by whom, 
or where, I cannot form an idea. I have lost fifts 
subscribers in Virginia, because the Register is 
ofieu detained 3 or 4 weeks on the road to places 
where it ouglit to arrive in from 3 to 8 days. Tliis 
is too serious a matter to be lightly dealt with ; and 
nothing shall be left undone to effect a discovery of 
the cause. 

The editor has only to repeat what he has so often 
declared, that tlie Jitgister is so strongly packed,that 
it cannot honestly fail of reaching its destination un- 
injured, unless by getting wet in the mail. I liave 
numbers sent from this office a 1000 miles and up- 
wards, which were returned in tlie saine envelope, 
unruflled. And such things happen frequently : — 
the papers detained — are supposed lost and sup- 
plied, — then arrive and are politely sent back to keep 
up any files, by those who are anxious to presei've 
their own. And all the packages (again made up in 
strong bundles and addressed to the sevend states 
and territories) go into the Post-Office here on the 
day of publication, the packages for Tennessee tJi- 
cepted, which I prefer to retain until the Tuesday 
following, that they may proceed directly on ,- the 
mail for that state caiTying papers but once in a 
week. P'rom frequent observation (as well as from 
the great accuracy of the gentlemen in our Post-of- 
fice) I am convinced that they go hence as regularly; 
and here all the charge /can have of them ends. 

To ascertain the causes of detention, generally, 
and particularly that at this time complained of, the 
editor earnestly solicits the scrutiny witli the advice 
of his friends. 

Legislature of Connectictit. 


Gentlemen of the Council, Mr. Speaker, and 

Gentlemen of the House of liepresentatives. 

The severe pressure of tlie war upon the people 
«F tliis state, gives uausual importance to the pre- 
sent session of th« general assembly, 

A.s I have conceived necessary for the public safe' 
ty, to avail myself of the enlarged powers delegated 
to the executive hy the resolutions of the last Jegis- 
hiture, it is proper that I submit to your considera- 
tion a brief statement of the circumstances under 
which those pov.ers were exercised. 

When the United States' squadron took refuse in 
the harbor of Xew-London, it was at one perceived 
that the decayed and feeble state of the fortifications 
afforded a precarious defence. The menacing ap- 
pearance of the hostile squadron at the entrance of 
the harbor, and the strong probability tliat the town 
would be destroyed in the conflict which was hourly 
expected, produced amongst the iniiabitants the 
greatest consternation. In this moment of alarm the 
major-general of the 3d division, and the brigadier- 
general of the 3d brigade considered tlieniselves 
justified, at the earnest entreaty of the citizens, in 
summoning the militia to their assistance. Having 
issued orders for that purpose, they immediately 
dispatched an express to me with intelligence of 
these transactions. On this occasion I could not 
iiesitate as to the course which it became my duty 
to pursue. The government of Connecticut, the 
last to invite hostilities, should be the first to repel 
aggression. In my view it was not a time to enquire 
into the character of the enemy or tlie causes which 
made him such, when our territory was invaded and 
our citizens were demanding protection ; and when 
no inconsiderable portion of our gallant navy was 
exposed within our own waters, to instant capture 
or destruction. I made no delay therefore in signi- 
fying to those officers my entire approbation of their 
cotiduct. The necessary supplies were immediate- 
ly forwarded, and generally such measures of de- 
fence were adopted as the emergency evidently re- 
quired. Information of these proceedings, and of 
subsequent operations at Xew-London, was duly 
transmitted to the general government, and the in- 
structions of the president, in relation to this impor- 
tant subject, were requested. 1 received assurances 
ri'om the national executive that measures would be: 
taken to put the fortifications, on the eastern side 
of the harbor of New-London, into a respectable 
state of defence : that the wages of the militia thus 
called into service under the authority of the state^ 
should be paid from the national treasury ; and that 
provision would be made for liquidating and dis- 
charging the accounts of the commissary and quar- 
ter master departments. 

The cau»c3 which first occasioned the array of a 
military force at New-London has not ceased to 
operate. Accordingly at the request of the general 
government, a considerable body of troops has been 
kept at that station. I have endeavored, conforma- 
bly to the advice of the council, to divide the duty 
between the militia and the nulitary corps, and to 
spread detachments of the loviiier over the several 
brigades. To men, Iiowever, who are accustomed to 
difiereut pursuits, die service could not be otherwise 
than burdensome. The remaik is particularly ap- 
plicable to the regiiuewts in the neighborhood o? 
New-London. From their proximity to the scene of 
action they were of course first brought into the 
field; and although they were first dismissed as 
speedily as cirsumstaiices would pei'mit,yet ilie fr^- 


.ti -t.» 



quent alai-ms produced by sudden augmentations of 
tJie enemy's force as frequently compelled them to 
Seturn. "They have tlierefove suffered losses and 
privations wluch could be equalled only by the pa- 
tience and mag-n .nim;ty with vvliich they were en- 
dured. Tlieir hardships were iiniKipi)ily increased 
by an occurrence, which as it is intimately connect- 
»<1 with tiie-ie events, oui^htnot to pass unnoticed. — 
An order from the wa-r department for the dismis- 
sion of all the militia, then on duty, arrived at Uie 
moment a delacliment from the distant bngndes 
Was on the m.irch to relieve those who had been so 
lepe.tedly c died mto service. Believinj^ the gene- 
ral government had the rig'iit of determining what 
degree of force would suffice to protect the national 
property, and unwilling to obtrude the services of 
our cilizei!3 upon the public when they were notde- 
SM"e(l, especially in a season so very important to our 
husbandmen, I issued instructions giving full effect 
to the order. Scarcely however had the disbanded 
troops reached their several homes, before areqwest 
lor the militia was renewed, enforced by an urgent 
petition from the principal inhabitants of New-Lon- 
don and Grnton. This combined applicatioii I felt 
no di-sposition to refuse. The requisite aid was im- 
medi-itely ordered ; but from the necessitj' of the 
case, men who had been just discharged, were obli- 
ged to repair again to the post of danger, and lo 
remain until a new detachment could be levied and 
brought to tiiCir relief. The ground of tliis proce- 
dure is hitherto un<-xplained. 

The patriotism displayed by the officers and pri- 
vates both of the military corps and of the militia 
during the whole of this anxious period, merits the 
highest commendation. Whilst tlieir ready obedi- 
ence to the first summons of their government has 
shown them to be the best of citizens, their strict 
attention to every part of military duty has proved 
them to be the best of soldiers. They have given 
the state indisputable evidence of their atiachment 
to its constitutions, and of their ability to defend 

Tlie British force stationed in our waters having 
occasioned great inquietude along the whole of our 
znaritime frontier, every precaution, consistent with 
a due regard to the general saiety, has been adopted 
for its protection. Guards are placed at the jiouits 
most exposed. In many towns on the coast the citi- 
zens exempt by law from military service, animated 
by a laudible zeal, have formed volunteer companies 
of artillery pursuant to the act, and the quarter 
master general has received directions to supply 
them With ordnance. The residi nt militia whether 
infantry, cavalry or artillery Iiave been excused from 
other duty, and are allowed to remain as a local de- 
fence ; and sufficient quantities of ammunition are 
distributed, suited to the vaiious descriptions of 
force. In our presr nt state of preparedness, it is be- 
lieved a descent upon our coast will not be attempt- 
ed, a well grounded hope is entertained that it will 
be attended with little success. Unfortunately we 
h;.ve not the means of rendering oiu" navigation 
equally secure. Serious depredations h%ve been 
committed even in our harbors, and to such an ex- 
tent that tUe usual communication through the 
Sound is almost wholly interrupt ed. Thus while 
anxiously engaged in ])rotecting our public ships, 
vve are doomed to witness, the unresirained capture 
of our private vessels, and the consequent suspen- 
sion of commercial pur.Muts. These, itmust be ad- 
milted, are necessary elTLcts of a .state of war, but 
they are ncit the less to be deplored. 

In obedience to a resolution of the assembly p.iss- 
edat the 1 ist session, I mude immediate application 
to tlie govei-nmeut of the Uoitcd States, tuv the 

proportion of arms to which the militia of this staii 
are entitled, under the act of congress making ap- 
propriations for that object, and 1 have the satisfao* 
tion to inform you that two thousand stands are re^ 
ceived. By the act just mentioned it is made the 
duty of the legislature to provide by law for their 

The various military supplies authorised by the 
resolves of the last session, are for the most part 
procured. The wisdom of the legislature in these 
|)reparatory measures became sufficiently evident 
from the events which soon after followed. As the 
United Slates were not m a condition to provide 
tents, can:p equippage, or the suitable ammunition, 
our troops were furnrshed in these respects, and for 
a considerable time wi h subsistence also, by the 
quarter-master gener.d and commissary general of 
the slate. 

Yini will perceive the expediency, gentlemen, of 
carefully reviewing the " Act for fonning and con- 
ducting the military force of this state." Several 
obvious amendments are suggested by the present 
situation of our country. Amongst others it is de- 
sirable that the penalty for refu.sing or neglecting 
to perfiarm a tour of dutj', agreeably to the provi- 
sions of this art, should be rendered more definite, 
if not more efficient. You will also consider the 
propriety of prescribing rules for the government of 
the militia wliilst in actual service, under the autho- 
rity of the state. Although recent experience may' 
h-ve shewn that an h, biUial love of order and su- 
boi'dination supersedes, in a great measure, the ne- 
cessity for any new restraints, still you wdl reflect 
wlieiher it is either prudent or safe to remain in 
this respect wholly destitute of some positive regu- 

I' wiH not be expected, gentlemen, that I should 
par icularly recon:niend to your notice the various 
subjects which may properly occupy the delibera-' 
lions of the assembly. They are confined principal- 
ly to- affairs of a local nature and will not escape 
your observation. Our political S3stem calls for no 
theoietical reforms ; nor does our ha]5p) state of 
society depend on a multiplication of laws. I should 
rejoice in bein^ permitted to announce to you that 
our pro.spects absoid conespond with that degree of 
quit'i ;jid security to be found at liome. 

Geiiilemeii-'— The progress of the war affords littla 
hope that its calamities will soon come to an end* 
The characteristic bravery of our seamen, m what- 
ever sei'vice they are engaged, is indeed a just theme 
of nation.'d exultation ; and it is devoutly to be wish- 
ed that our naval triumphs may produce an auspi- 
cious effect upon this unhapiiy c mtest, tlie evils of 
which are seen and felt in whatever ccmcerns the real 
prosperity of the country. To mitig.tte these evilsj 
you Will be disposed to employ every facully winch 
the structure of our government allows jou to exer- 
cise ; and if any constitutional effort on your part 
m y contribute to remove them, 1 am persuaded il 
will not be \viUiheld. The sentiments of the people 
of Connecticut upon this momentous subject cannot 
be misunderstood. Their disapprob.'ition of the war 
was i)ubiicly declared through the proper oi-gan, 
shtn'tly after hostilities commenced ; accompanied 
with an assnrance that the obligations imposed fay 
the constitution should nevertheless be strictly ful- 
filled. If no event iias occuircd to vary their opi- 
nion, the highest evidence is furnished of fidelity 
to their eng.gements. They have pursued that ho« 
nourable course which regards equally the legitimate 
claims of tlie confederacy, and the rights and dig- 
nity of their own government. 

It is with peculiar satisfaction, gentlemen, that 1 
meet you in general assembly at Uiis interesting pe« 


to J'OUr examiJiation those "'"he principles adopted by the United States on the siibjtct of 
isis seemed to demand nnd; ^;;i':;:;:'?;;';!;;,".'„ViI?aT'' """ ^'■'^ ^'*"'*' "'"I'P"^'''^'^' '° =» ''"''''= 

Some of the Freiicli iiiliabitaiits of the teiritory of Michisraii, 
zeiis of t!it- Uiiiteil States of Ain.-viea. have bcrnni'ich urrredou 

i*!od. I freely submit 

meas'.ives \vhicii the cv 

wiiicly my best judgment led me to adopt; and 1 

shall cheerfully accept your counsel and direction, 

relative to that line of conduct whicli the executive 

Oiig'ht to observe, as well under the circumstances 

this suhjeet, and are apurfhensive of heiii^; foithrr troubled. 

"I had (lie fuvtlifr Iioiior of receiving', 'in the Stli instant, your 
verbal message by yonr aid-di-ianip. Mr. M-I,ran. acc|iiaiMtin^ me 

estimable blessings, 


General assembly, Oct. aesnicm, 1813. 

v^hich now extst, as in tliose emergencies which will | 'i^^:^'::^:^^^:^::!:^ ''' '''''"''"''' '"" ""' '"" 

probably anse. i "I. tlierefore, beg pardon for that mistake. 

^Vhile we implore the smiles of Divine Providence! "the principles, how ver, of the law of nations, impose an obU* 

«pon our endeavors to pror.iote the public ^reA^in-c^,^''''"" '■"'"'"'' '^"'"'^^^^^^^^^^^ 

\'.'A US be thankful that air.idst tiie distresses of war,! ^''''-'''f'^ "f, ''^^'''''g">',l^, * 

so much internal tranquiliiv has prevailed, and that ^'lf''-'i''l^^'^"'"''- ?,'. , , . , 

„„*,..-. i 4. ■ i' i'.- ' 1 ■ . ■ . .1 I'ersonuMy a(>pi.u-(d biiore me, the nnders med. one nf thef 

notwithstannmg- tne revolutions which ai'-.tate the [justiers of the peace in th. district Of Detroit. !;^'sVpi.Hob"«s"u 

world, we still enjoy the privileges of freem 'n,!iid:abitant on nver an\ RaiMi,, who being dnlv sworn on the Holy 

With dispositions to' defend imd perpetuate thuse in- ?;;rthf '^lrHver'il,uh'K''r \ '''f °;;/>-" ''^«''"y ■''"•-'••t'"^ '^""le 

. _ ' ' !"' tne :Mii ii\ei Kaisins, a snort time alter sunrise, he saw the 

i'lJia'i'* ^-i'l t'>e American prisoners, with tlieir tomahawks, and 
that tliey shot several, lo wit. three, tliat liia Indians set the house 
on tire, and that in gaing om, the prisoners were massacred and 
killed as alorrsaid, tl,at is to say: Ihrcewere shot, the others were 
killed m Uie houses, and burnt \ii<h the houses. The indiuns burnt 
first the house of .lean Habtiste .Toreaume, and afterwards that of 
Gabriel Godfny, ;ii).ior. The d.i)oncnt lias been informed that 
t.K-re were about furty-iight or fortr-iiine prisoners in the two 
lioiists. 1 hedepon 'lit his seen dead Ixxlirs on the high wav, wliidi 
tiie hogs were tearing and fating. Mr. Bninot told the deponent 
that the mdiaiis had kilkd tho*9 of the prisoners who were least 
wounded and that tlie others were l.unii alive. 

Aiitoip.e Cuiellarie and Alexis Kiilliet, Inhubilanfs of the river 
h-corcrs, told the deponent that two prisoners had b<-en burnt in house ot Grandon. on the river aux Stbles. Ihe deponent has 
heard that the Indians had torn out the hearts of the prisoners, 
and had brought lliein still suKiking into the houses, but did not 
recollect tlie names of the infoiiiiantj ; he believes, however, they 
Were men won by of credit. 

The deponent says further, that after the first action on the river 
Kmsiii, the Indians fired on one soi.-in-law to Stephen 
I.abeau, an inbahiiant on the river aux Sables, when returning 
ii-oni the house of Grandon to his lather-in-law ; on his arriTal, he 
balloo.'d to his fath>-r-iii-hiw to open the door, saving that he was 
mortally W(mnde<l ; Sttplun I.nbeau opened th- ifoor and toh' his 
sun-in-lawtothr.j\\ himselfoii his iKil.init thatio irvinj- to niovehe 
lelh.ead. An Indian knoekKlat the door, and Labea'u having open- 
ed It, received a ball in bis breast, and fell dead. The son of Lalieaii 
made his escape ; tlie iiidiaiis shot several shots at Iiiin which did 
not reach him. 

^ The dL-poiiciit says further , that Baptiste Couteur was killed ncnr house ot the deponent, on the day of the Second battle on the 
nver Raisin, a lilllc alirr sunrise. 

The deponent says furtii-r, timt the Indians have often threatened 
to bnrn his honsr and barn, if lie did not march witTi them against 
tae Americans. The deponent says hf is ;»ii Americsn citi/x-n. 

'I'he deponent says that several ol his neighbors have told him that 
they had leciv^d t.i.- ■-ame threat. Other seltleuieiits have beet* 
threatened «itli liiv. The mills and houses on the river aux Roches 
were Imrutin the month of SeiXember last, after the capitulalioa 
ot Detroit. And further this deponent »»id not. 


Sworn and subscribed bcftn-f niP, the 4th Felirnary. 1813. 

ilfo. 20. 
Terntoi-i/ nf MJrlus-nv., ") 

Dhtikt of Di'trvif, P^' 
Be it rememhen-d. that on tliis dav. Fehniai7 the fourth, A. U, 
one tliousand eight huiidred and thirteen. piTJonallv came lieferB 
tlie iintlersigned. ajnslie- of th,- peace for tint disti-irt afoivsdil, 
VIZ. .(ohn M-Doniieli, an of the city ot Detroit, who 
aiii r b iiig duly sworn upo'i the Holy Kvangelists of AIniightJ' 
God. d poseth and saitli, tlr.i a IV-v. das's aft -r the battle of the 23^ 
.I.iiiirary last, (at the rivi-r Raisin) he personally pivseiit il tl« 
house of James May, esq. when he Iiear.l Uie same .lajiies M-iy »s!s 
-Mr. Willium Jones, th- acting agent for lii-' Indian department, if 
ihere would he all) i.nproprietv in th.- pri*MieiS lroi