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Full text of "Nir, 1939"

's^im^^^m 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/nir1939yeshiva 



n 



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THE NIR 

Annual Publication of 
THE TEACHERS INSTITUTE 

of the 

Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary 

New York, June 1939 




,nniDn ipt^ 

np'Hi 2'ann ijiid;' 
,r;t " T •> : „ n^; d'cmpd ijx 



nsi cmc^ nrs ns c^p^: n-i:";'? ,-o'7'7- r.c?? i::Tn .C2^'r^2 -|•;^'S2• nn'7i'n: 



; "^K-it:'"' 'rr 'rv^.- rir'cc- "n-wS-i:,,^ nrnni: u'rc ni-nn I "ii^n 

iST rs-ii:" 'jz rrr ,"7stj" r: 'r-;,.'' '"i^^'^ "c::-i-r n"rs-„a ~t- -12-- ns nri 

.'n 'D-nz V1T n7s n:- : -.r;""; it-;" c'tz: czzirc- -"z-zn .ciw" ,c'z-t: czns 

,-i''Vvn T-n '^'s-iz Tcv? -'n czTw* r.cri "c nzyn -T.cr; -z -czr ••;" 
,i:min7 niTicci nzns pi:c "^iyc ns .m-nn -i- ns cz'-ins c'szn"? n-mn? 
,nsc cnMT nrn^ cz"''?-; '?z cip -z ^y— u^ rnpn ^z^t nu'npn iji-is^" .-jov^ 
.cz"n 'znizi cz-tt'ycz c:2 '7Z s^ic s'?: nsi^ s^c 

-iZZ7 en'"-" nz -z^n; nm-z:n-i nzit:- ---n ns -iSviin "z .-js n-,po 
cznic? mssn^i n^''nn'7i nz ■is:{on itrs nz'ZD'7 "zz? ,::cc cnsi" iw's n^zr 

.czns 'r-: iwS 

! c'Z'znn '-T ,cz7 zia 7z-, cz? cir^' 
,c'7iy7 cz^c 



.nyity cmzs 






; irJD3 D''>VJ3 D'lVB'n ^D ,^y1>)l ^iviT D-'iyn .D71V mn nsjipna unjx d'nvdj 

pTij naiKno '?Mi P?n .tJ'XT ni^VJ ^snc"^ nvon ^3 ; unya nnuj a^nn 'Dni ^3 

.mon nt<3 unono ^a ?y nv ^-\s itm riKon n'-ms^ non .n^ixn yn? naj ,D^ivn 
12VC riDipnn i:n:K D^n .D'JD -inonn ur.iK ii xin inn ampn'^ n nvB' ino ntj'p 
ix .d'oin!' 'pdivi nx noao iB'nn ."i^'ni inai inn nsn — nxn^n n'B'K-13 id31 
ninnn ^3 'di Dnnnon a^nn ^v "nsmo D''n>s nn„ '^ no^B' njiosa unjN a'j'aKD 
miK n?i3!i' minon njiosn pnvj '■tj' ,n3B' i?i3B' av'? nj3n pt on lorn ■'Vjdi niyin 
-131 1131 ,12101 nvy iviy : i:njQ U'XJic^ ux anoix .iniDipnni msn e'en ^B'l 
n3n ,n'-n3n'':;' ,nDixn nvnvj iid .hdk min ,n"n m'.n ,imini ?x uny '3 niP'' n?"! 
,inxi3n jTCK-i /n'' f'NiE" anp — nn ino nsray dk n'noni '^inon x'^Djni 3JE'jn 

.D^'^y xi3n nyn .iocn' i''!i31« '?3 

,'pn n3"t'"n t ^yi" □mo!' E'-non n'3 noi; .d^joxji D'3'3n Dn3n ,a3nti'N 
'n ij — nnon nx 3^on>i P'^in^ ,nDixn nacj i'c n^cipn ctp3 mtj'^i in3^ i3TnB' 

.n'm ex n3n;^tr3 ,nivo iji min -11N3 — aix nnE'j 

mir n3''3B'nE' n^iy ••N3'? nny ,'3nyD i: /pn n3'E"n — 'n n'33 onx □'^in-j' 
,njDx:i nD:^L" min — mm nnnn .03011^^ ''D inu'D — dipd 5-331 idt ^33 f'xnE"3 
x^K imu s^ .imuE' nn ?3E' — D3''nm .mnD3 omD^ — min >e' nnn3i n3-n3 
n3-iy noisn di^ud 'i>D'? nans ^c on' ,n3pni n-in3 D>iy nsptj'n d3? i5'''n:n ,d3^'3B'3 
non^o;!' onx d''J13J .ncyani n3E'n'Dn mnoi minn ni!?yo3 ni^y? pvnm nmis-'SE'i 
nx D'-sciJi iaB'3 ono-'nan p3 □: v^v d'op duib' ,iaNjn n3yn nunn rnno 'py ijd 
pyon E'3'' .iJOD nipn u'? psn inoK'Joi usino ipnnjtj' nun^ n'-a'Doi i^n 
nn3yn nn^aon noDSi n3yn n'3n 3-in .nnnn :^33 npn nn onxiK' ir^n uode' 
— noisn •'•^m:) ^31 a^ot^ nxn^i mm ididi in'-nnti' iDN:n nunn k:^x ive' u!' pxi 
.pinxn n'-vnn piy ,nmnt:3 noisn natrj ^c pnnsn -iV3Dni D>pan 

ToyD noisn ni>ijD ^^ cnp nonK3 nviny run-j' psE* nay lun '3 ,n'j n3T 
nMVD nn ''31 a^nn ^^na nnji niy:n .py^'oiy p'-Tsn niocj ,a';^cn: ^^tj- in u!' 
nin>> n'3 pp^soo no^^ njD ^y nni^n r'3i .noixn ^e' B'lpn E'lK'no impiyi in33in 
.nicy'-i -iiDE'^ no^^'i nior-? no pp^ddd nicy'' r\m ?y noii^ni ,io^;'i 

"D3"iJ nK laB'D •'js nj na anoE'o nns ox ,n'3 D3nji D3T3 nj„ laxj a3'?y 
onKi 'jx ,nit< Nin 0311x1 □3iik xin nixi ^'xm ,''J3„ ^xie"^ n"3pn idx^ dv'? n3rji 

."P'V? TXJl -|>j 



rr:,n c-js ■,"" c"'-it2': z'-^t^n n ':njs2 nsx: 



si'vn UDy ?y 1x21 m'jnnn rro-x ••:;• .::•■-; nsnu npivD nyp' riNtn nv^ri 
rnn lino in'';n niD-jiDnn mn-i :^r ,-x:u' r,i:j;-n2 r': ,m?j ino '?o .msSii aniD'D 
.p-rn np.'w'Df' in-'j npy .5's-ip''' ay '?v Dnsn "-c vcnn 
svonc n?'?- .0^:220 nr-n; msoxnn ijnx-i-nL-nn n~3o it nsiij dvp non^a 
nono:^ i^on rnc' ,iij/n n-i'2D :'y ,1;:^"' □'''-i;Dn ^y nif'y'' .ir-joi irsi nycn ijnivs 
n i:-x;rj' ijn itc .□•'V-n nx -"-doi y"-',: rrnL- -nr- nx n'ju-n:^ ,niyin 'jsn uoyi^ 
! ry — nnn- vyoo u'^n x^1p^ 'n ^ip .nyc'n niva x^n 
i3min ^c' moinn noit;' n'-x ,an-T^'n lU^i^y -i",n'2 nl^Dio it nyrn-mi'ai 
.nxTn nsn ni-i''n'?i min'' ivoT.- ivy:i >TTn -ihd nif-DO ninn ■■jsn noyK' ,a''nyDn 
t^s ;jy .iinx UjDJ s?i — no'x '^noi =nn ^'720 ,s?nn ijorp iiT'Otr'' i3"Dn>ji uiny 
,ij'E'N-i? ^yo nDsnriD n-ncon 2"inB'D.,nDX nyc3 nnyi .nin nmo3 a; ij^js'' i^'n 'n 
□■■u-n cmpn nivisj ni< P^^nnf' irf'y noipn?''! n^nn? D'oiijn oyn rr-D nx tit^ U'^y 
.pnunni njiosn "p-c a-i:"' ino nx a; a-y-r u'lS"' ayu uoyn xri." ,::n .mn^"-: 
-\\DV~ x-,n ,nxTn visn ijdi:- pjn nx I'^'on"' i3"''y pnDDm njioxn mi: 
"i^ysn -mn f--^ -i-.;-n "-x ■:xoriC' xnnno unr x"- p^-y .it mx: nnn^n -rny "t ijiD^nn 
n^'vyon mniyn-D arynn^ i:^ iidx- — ;ii:nn nf'-jn nniTy l"'! m'-i' c" .ixd ijf'L'' 
npf' i3inn — invn ^'vy-DC n-o a'^^xi .nnain min-TinS-in 'nsn an'o'Tin nDDo .nxtn 
n';rnn a'pii: arx re:-- "r ir^r x'-i ^ii;'' -in'n a'';xn -|ijnn 'j-'py .n"nn 'r\22 
.01^3 nni; uiyoi amo'^n poT nx a-c'-'Oi'oi anio^^^n 
BJ'x inixi rx mrao xwd -j" "'^x -m'T"' m^a a^iio an .a'^jnon ixt:ni 
PTn^ aipon ,rn-.in:^ n'nxn nx -rny"' a-.po; a'-ixi ,piX3p c'r .a^ynv i:x .a'C'pno 
inno nx a'^'n^^o an ,n":i:no lunn "^t" nma^n nx pt-> aipo2 Pw-'n^jc ,nnayn nx 
mn^n n^:n nx -rvy:^i -^cy^ anon .pxa^^n '^x a ' d n 1 "J* a't;'yji nvon ^l" 
a^'i^nDDi nxmn nnix a-xn an .n^js^ a^vn an .mn'n '?m'^ an-;-: nx a^f^npo an 
px ,m';'y-n-x xin an:^"n ^'yc' p'ai xn:^ a"-;^' a^ayooc p': .nnin':^L." nx ni:;'y:^' 
Tiix pxi ar '?z:2 n^a n'an iiiv px nvcoo n-'Dun rnxvin^i nnnn n'JDnf" aipo 
nD^'in arriH-j" ,a"xn a:"xi r-—r^ nry: a^onpa on la .np^no ?3?i P'lBDa |0T2 

.an^^in;' nnonc'oi 
nT^Q^t^' ,a\x:nn jT1'2''L" .yo-j-n"- a'vn i;x nx'2 cpojn a'a:non anix^ d^'Ixi 
■'aoD'io n' ^v- inn-:: a^xjnn n^To^i hth i^n^n iDioa an'oi^nn nsDo nainj pxapn 
n-al^'.n im na'sani p-ivr:; nv.:n- nuop nu'B''' b'^'C cmon n^n la^Doi ni'ti^n 
n'l^'pn' ; nua^a n-.-ni'' rxn -\- ,\MiZ\^'^ nnno m-nn c" nn ; mxa a'unu* niani 

.nixvo'i 
IT nyB'B' m:v^yn mainn ?x annnn'' ij-:^yi an^n nya-a nny ansvo: ujn 
ma;'" loipo nx n'':n? -piv ,nnvn rni?;x '-2 ciann .aai^n i"ii xth .'rf-y n;'''DD 
'''ya a-a^n-D "t- '■y pr^n nor: xin -a ,m:an? maio xin p:a-iina n:a'' uaun .nn 

.nuanp^ B'jaioni n:iox nnm man 



1321 2sn i?''DS snx nn n'"- '1 i^a .anrDj/ ':= cj n:"o:r- 'j^na' 'ni' rnis nnyi .d-'JS 
~p DB'D anr a:'Ni nr nx nt n^n^ix wcv: -nx ir-'n minn pPDij;ti'o-i''D;'ni 211 
.(2 ,'? py^fMP) naiDn x^s nsion npn f-x n3iDn nni nx ronyy nr nx nr c^nix-a'-'jjjL- 



■'Xi'v nnsB'D^ nnnx nininyn n:;'pnni ,-r2^ axi 
D''p?i nii;'j?!'i moB'? -io^^i -nD!7;^ n^nxi ^mx 'n n: 



^ninx nnon? nnx /^ninx /'j; 
.nnnxn imin -idSt nm ''a nx 



DnvTini --oxj-l;' ,1;: p nx no?? n'^n xin 13 122 nx -n"''' cnx ^--nr.Dr: 
^2 nx lof''? ^x-iB"o DDm a^n ?d ?j; mvD xf'x ii^a iJ2 pi ui x!^i .-'jn ■"jn^i-'j;."' 
,T'T'dS-i i?x T'J2 : no? nyioa'n 'an •.-■■'jn> onjJB'i n^xjK* ,rjn irxa' a"3;x nn^o^nn 
,M2 ]2 f-yi 1:3 ?v niDv: no? i^ nx .□■•x''3:n 'J2 ixxm idxjb' ,a''j3 a^'np-Dn^oSnnc' 
.(2"n ,x"3 mm nioSi ,- Q"no-i) m2- p? un pi ,1:3 pi^ un anpn?' 

pnnxi 'a naDs xn'n2i ,x .'i ]^'^nip ,xn'D;n n";iD2 xn^nn 5j;'mDra n n^^n 
nnxn nnnioD mxij ,o"n?n nii'pD ,if'X n^n'-n^ me' a!^ixi ."T'jnf' anjj-^i„ pioan ^v 
?!"' i??3i nnxD in^ns' nx D"20"in '0P2 -v^n ,it nja* xf^ n njB'B' •'di nrnnn nx 
no?? 1:2^' td'^o iiDK'? ^•"m,, : pjy imxn ,-x''n ,n''3onn nm ?j; -dvd Vi'iT-ni 
^Dion 2V-- xm nnxn .on nrn 'rn ^jk-j' xv-oj ."Djn2 x^'X nnn p -n?? n^^n un^i 
nt 3vn iOij;2 x^d? ^id' nxn px dxi ,ini?K'3o nnii n nviai ,102 nx in?? nxn 5iv 
njiDO' x^s' no3n hjpb' 'd ?d ?j; ^didh arnn xin ■'ja'ni .rnnn nnx q-x id'b'? r^j; 
3i'nn nx n?''3;j3n ,pB'npD!i' xn^nnn .njn uid?'' ax ^3 T'o^no did yjo' x^'B'i !id33 
arnn nx namnon ,naDDB' in ,p!i'x-in pnn id nrnn ?j; xia^x mmo ,inn p3i p? 

.'j'^a x?i /jf^- ?j; mnno ,T'o;in ^d-? 

□"nonn ?j; pyo?" xnixa? dipc -iy u"-j' xSn* ,D''5'npnjDi annnoo o"n!'n nm 
It n2'?r\2 p'ojfon ?3 d^ixi .□■'VId? dipo |n:i nnx na^n^ nf-x 2V~ 'J'd ■■jej' siij?!;' 
Dipo Die-' nn 1^X1 nniinoi mnn a"no-in iic'? ■'D n^o nxn Ti >d»d m^xn!' ^-nB'oi 

.myD? 
'^:t^■-■l "o^'D XI- --xns' d--j3 pi nto nt a';?-n: arx □■nrt:- 2V-- "j-'d ^"J' 
d; dx ■'2 ,mx ?3? onia 'jafni diji 'J3?i qiji? d-'D pi f'oio nnxnr -nap-nni ,Djnn 
,n?n na ^yna' mm- nyn^? 'jE'ni nn^n x n p o n nyn^? :^2;io nnxnii' ,ajDnn 
yip^i .X ,? pa'np ,xno;- n-'jinn xvr nt pnnx !^-;n- .nn;xi niD?n mm njtfa 
.D"3Dii ''"e'i ip^nj xnpon "n; '?v .-"on ''d n"vm mtDni t"n dk' n"non3 na^n? 
Dix^inj ?ix D"3Dnn 'a?i ,a^Dm3i d^x^'dj xSi nn?2 nnm "xnpo,, myoti'Dn 'l^ •'"•^>i ■<2'? 
D''X''20 x'i'intj' ■'"•^1 ^E* loyo nx pojon I'B'np? n;pon '021 db' n"2 '"y) ^^Dna'^inDi 
':a? moy t^>h ar -'jD ':n?i tj3? anynini,, pioan'j' 'jiao h'*'^ xnpon -??3d aumm 



■'JB'D D'vaia DnDTJn arnn 'J'd 'jb'B' inn D^iisi .("i^in nx a^mo ",aiin3 Tpf'S 'n 
naiD p-cN-in ."lua;' an:ja'i„ "D3 131^ a3'j3 ns nniK amD?i„ : a^jic dvids 
nB':?3 lacn no^D nnx itn? r!?5; ,nDi'? ssf' ni-m'ax pK dxi ,3xn f-y pn iid> divd^ 
'D ^3 ^v i'Dinn anns? iioi^n avnn k^k -i3id u's 'j»'m ."d3 12-1'' . , .„ piosn 
Kin DH'Di'n^ lU'cn n'' I've' ,"a3 man i^js^ arujci,, ai>on niyot^oD noan njp&' 
iiD'^'^ K?s 1113a ij\s pK'snn pioanc iiV3i .nmnno vnivioci lovva q3 naio 
niD^ ms Ej'l^tr'B' ,DnjjB'i '?jr NiDjn ne-nia a"j;3t5' minn ?3 5i?i3 'jb'h ,!<ipon .nio^n 
.(njpon 'D31 ,'? ptj'np N"n3 N"E'nno nxi) iio^nai njtj'D3 k-ipo3 
n3no mans Kin vau dki □■•jib'si^ nt pi^'n jni: dk P2D '?^ ^s my n^v dki 
'Knx nm nin:^KB'3 p^yn nnK?" ^•'^d fn?n' Ko?y3 n-iTii 'inn n?n u'Kt^ ik k-idjh 
KniniK in'J3 mojK!? ^k-ic^ nnn ps^'non,, (3"ap) xn^-'NB'n iitr? in .pnnxi 7y 
mm'' 31 -iDKi nyi i^v >33 nipirn nn^o ^ainiK!? 1:3-1 uvni i'j3'' anjjE'i D'nai 
!7snK"o min nnanB*: xm si'ni'stj' iob' k?dj la yc'inM 31d^ B"Kn inix ni3t 3-1 lawV 
amo^i c'm 'kd mm nci^jD px 3x i'' pxt;* 'o min no^'D 3n' r l'"l" iq n:^nn3!;' 
nn?^ 1J3 p3 3"no "2 axn '3k 5i:^'r3'' inv Dna '131 U'pnn ,DnK , 03^:3 nx amx 
□3'':3 Ko''n IS ,KjDm noK k^ □3'J3 'J3 ,Kj»Dm noK a3'J3 pnax 'd k"' in mm 
IDS min'' 3T noK mm un ns 10^^ 3"n i3'n ny non\sn L""n .a3miJ3 'pibk? 
i''3S ''3N sa^'s nn;xi not^n njro nipd ras '3n no'''t;' p P P^ut [1:3 i^KiotJ' 

.•j'"'y '131 um^D 3'''nD 'dj 
nana n^'ooyn ison ^t3> trnic'i nio^ h'd^b' "1^:3? Dnjj::'i„ pioana' nxnj ik30 
Q3 ■i3-i> a3'J3 ns anis Qmo?i„ PiDsnc niya /in'o^^n i?k y:2'? Dnj:L"i naon 
nrj'ni 'Dm3 :r"'y) pn nx lavy 3Nn im'?^ ,k ,N3 3"33 snojn n3-i3 ,np'yo cnan: 
.n3''3 i<-\mn niDi?^ dvddvj pn p'? ij31o amnj nj dki (nin^'Sfn nou^ 
Dn:jn pioan ns N''3nc' f-y v^y na'pni nin^XB'n ^y non ?"r 3"''i'jn pK:n 
nin^'KE'n >y3 .it inn'on '?v nion? b'i n":ya^ D^ixi .no^^ axn nii'a pjy"- tj3> 
^KiE" n'3T p3"inan„ k'?n "tn''J3 niajx:' i^xnt;" 'J3 p3'''inm„ nox siii in3n3 na'' p"i 
nu 3rn'? ax '3 ij3 nx no?^ 'unan 3xn 3rn? x> injiisi "xn^nix pn'J3 niojx;^ 
sin "T'J3? anjjc'i,, pioan .-cniaon 110x03 Di:3n nio'^fi lao m3 nio'i 1^13 ^xne" 
13 nin^'SB'n ^y33 .?"r a"3on'' D^j^y? rn nin^^xcn n3ni .ij'jy3i 101P03 xia^s 
iio'^'n n2in3 ^''3- nsi aian nx a>;'<von i^^n D''JiB'n D'pioan ^3-^ ^y ixin D"3Dnn 

.zi"? 3xn |Di ^^3? onan id nayon nsi ,d'J3;^ 



^"\ l"\l"2"\'3 .1 .K 



n t^' "1 1 12 - n ^ i 

( n J o ' n ) 



! ima rn 

:n",T;2: n:iv ij^^ in 

."ij-n — CDmi 



lr•L^•■;^p '73 c^n .lanissn v^y 



a":i-,n nriTi c^-ia^ t:-nttn n^n 



nnvm ,n3 iv nrs'?^' pnpT niyc 'nt;' nipoa ,vn-L.'0 nnny nnx nvci Tinfri nnx 
,iD'Din 'n np'?nD3i ,'j np^non a: i^'oin ync? iid'ti ny^;' .'n npr'non pmpi no?' 
ni"iDD3 nn^nivn^ nx n^mn'- DJivin ,ync':^ nnay nnx nv^ D'Tol^nn nK-pn '2 ^y 

.Djij;iD DN iQB'^i HB'inn nnayn 
n^'c-'^D lODiD , 11 M -i t;' X 3 1 n : anns □"Ut^ iti'yj anion inna q:i 
iia!'nn riKiin iS'Din n j ^ ii n d ^ t;' n t n '' i ,iiDf'n nof'D ,\2n^ii pnv^ 'i 

.'X np^nda 
D'l'D^n^ D^ixno iDTn -man-nirnn ns njirxnn aysn nSijnn miD it njco 
— nn3V miQDi iio^n — nnnxn dtici nxi-insn — •i"jni nmoD^n — nirnn 'nc) 
nnniD^ pin ns anou ont;' loin inixn d'''D^ an'O/nn i^^' ntD isixni ('nd n^'nnn 
i?3P'i lannc'' 13 ib'k ovon ;n D^'prr .'kd :;nn:^ 28-3 ,njB'n .nmn^ ti'-non n^m 

.n^o^n QiB'^B'D -inv nNiin nniyn 
noion nniD i''3 Q'T'o^nn ni^'iys nx -ib'sn-^' noa iv rox^ n^nnti'n r^K'^n 
i3iy: .an'D!^nn nmnon ni'-iyss nnyi nn'?'ir\ ^b" njca nxtn natiri loion noNm 
1 " 1 n 103 ,a^3V^'n d'e-'x u'orn d;i ,nDnip njc* it'N3 ■i:;'xo ^nv ni2i3n niD'ox 
"-ixnn„ iniy ,3i!'i3''-i cnjo ,!'xnti" nxo n3e.'' 2 i i 3 t ^ ;i i 1 5' » t^' 
s;i3B' , ^ a -\ ^ ■< "^ no^p iipn ni''iys .□n'or'nn ^js"' dixj'' annxi 
on'Dt'n ^B? 31 -IQDOC nr 't >y n2' n in''S'n niin nity ,'T3y dim 
.i^xn nuipn n3',D!^ iqdxj q^juh □'01301 in3 p>n inp!' 
m3Ji invEin nx cin " t ^ s "> n „ omo'' ciion nu ?t^ 'ti'Tnn [iny 
ns nsty!? T'oxnn " n ^ j n „ a; .on'o^^nn ivo nvoixoi nn3iK'o m^v^ 13 nn^n 
nnsD .riTinaD mi3y3 an^o^nn nx iL-'sxr no3 ly nntyf" ^nriK'ni it njc i^cr r3ipn 
siB'n P^n^ nnm: — " ''"r -j -\ 2 '? -\ 2 .2 .x d'-isd „ — □mo!' t^'iion n'3 
nx mot:' nt n^ '?v nn3ic'o nnr hd'c njL"n n;n;in .Qn^o^nni noion ninn2nn3 
n:B'n ixsihb' onDon isddi nn^o^nn p3 nxnpn nn3nnn nt 'jaoi n^yj 121x3 Qnson 
,Dn''J''3i D'K'nn onsD >b' isdo dj n-joi nnaon .nionipn o'JB'n ^y n3nn3 n^iy nxnp!i 
onsiD '3n3 ,nn3y nnci'-p^v^x ,to ^xtlT' pp n^ :^y nix'' ixv^ti' "naio nso,, 
.Dn3 3n pjy ixvo an^of'nnc' d'i;31pi D'Jinn' qji annit^'oi 
^nriB'nc , ■> n 3 y n :i 1 n n nx p^v"' ai □'3nv ninnxn on'oJ'nn ni?iyQ p3o 
nn''!'i;nt:' n '' n p o n nx ,nDion nn3 1^3 an^o'-nn p3 nn3yn nDC'n nx n^^ti'n^ 

. " I 1 t;' o ET „ njno nxi rnjtyn 
n " n i?njD n3ny3 nmof' t.'nnDn-n'3 n^ ^y xvrn noxon , " 3 n 1 n n „ 
3np3 XVI Disn3 VE'3y xvoj ininaoi f'xnc" nn^in^ cnpioi , i ' j n 1 n d n j a 

.D'ooniao anpini anoi^o D'anna-o i3i 
n n 1 3 y '?^ njB' ,Dnio'' trnnon no nin''in3 nr^v it njt;'^' ,ynin:^ 'jx notJ' 

.n3n ninnanni nt3inoi n''vno 



'■?2~i 2'- T'l ::-!- 






]7-p ^s^n' r'-T 







10 






nnny 






-Jin no'7ti' :nn 



nn '^t^'s mn 



S' 



11 






'f"- 



\ V 



"'PDT'D .p 7S"iD'l:' 2-ir 






nun 





-*^ 




12 



T ' J 




nnsD ,i"-3n 



cn .2 2-\r. 



nnnv 



13 




■S''-|S .S* .7 .IS 



n r - >' ^ M ^ - 2 r 



T^^-^Un"? \i^:\)\" 



vnT-D .p 7Sic'^' nn 



in? ?s-i'j" 






no" 7S31 "r;""!:; 



ps'i'13 in-i^s 






14 



•"f 4 


Pi^.-^i. 


f;i!^*: 


: f _ :1 


\ . ■ >» , , ■"/•■*;:; 


ii^l 


■,■,., . ■''^^' ' ■■■ .:..WS?::l^' ' -, ■■■] 



Hit /m "v"" # # 



%i^WV %r 



n J ,-iJi'' .'' ,^"'NnN .N ."^ I'D /PDT'D .p .L" ^in ,^31 .1 .D .T'i^ijp .1" ,r"np .1 — ■. 'Q^iva\^ 

Pt*?i3 .N .on .t^ 



n2iyi2n nsa n^nsi mij 



.cnv "'13D Mi'-? cs-'-iDn:: "m n'^TiD n:;::'n^ in ,n' "n^j„ "US'? s-'tiin? ir city ^y 
ins? n^nyn □: nsa*^ ""i'J„n ^ysjati' ijs c^ipni U2^ mT'pri dd^ iX-js diiid 
isiD^w" c'ti'inn a^Dmyn ns d'd-i2d un:s .unoiDn □iDiti'n -\r\v~ o'^^ysan 



15 



iD"ij"in "T2„ nmy ns'D 



a":f-in "-\^:„ nj/'ain'? 



.□n'or'nn nmnon '?ty nuicn 'dh 

n;i:ij ,inniD3; p3 'Siaim nrc'i nj:;' ?Dn dvod invc "T'J„n nnninn •'f'DnDna 
inc^ni pn3 jiu'de'd mnim m^in ^o ; imnriDnni anio'' E'nnon n^a nn^in 'JD> 
.-iDinn '"tid pn an^o^nn nmnDn ni^iys f'V tijc 

nvn .iJDnni inmvs ncnn im "•Tj„n i? ^!?d nunnsn n^jrn 'nc itron 
niDnv nnnyn anu^jynm Dn^m^iys ,an''o>nn nmnon n^ ^v xvrn vmp sin "-i'j„ni 
nn^ N^ono "TJ„n ^c ^nnson inan n^n nionipn D'JS'a .imoy iino mspKO nrn'' 
nu'i'nn nst'' 's .a^ToS-in ivo a; d'si: rn ainD? di>p niJVDJ i^k 'ni onion m' ^v 
niTiv nx nia^n ovov:^ ,n njs' f-c nanynn o: na^n ninupvai .n-invB" njE'n fic nsnvon 
nn:^i o ■> n ' o "- n n t ^ 2 "onca n3'L"o„ mi2v nx ^nv -niy? nr nnni onion 
minya nr 'i:l" "-y in'::nr rsD vr\ .on ooy ns ns D^snn"' n^m inr nuonm on> 
,'js nc'in ,o^ix .anion 11222 o^yjiaai :^2iPoni jc^n 1102 "in: 'V1121 "D'j23no„ 
noN T221 nn2y2 nivn a^^'U^ an'2'jni Dnn'o'?nt;' ,omo^ 1122'' nrn'' inv nrt^' 
."in^'or'ni ij2o vin ,xjpno onx — 5 22 „ — ''"tn 

,ni3nnKn rx"- ;nit< im"i "-i''j„n '?c' nionipn nn2-n2 i^2nD'C2 /jn niD2i 
n2'n3n pvi sin n2J pdd '-a •■''2 .sin tc" — ij-in2E' nrn cnnn ^"'2K'nB' in2i'' o;i isn^ 
•'n'n .uf-ys:;' n^n^n 12^ nt iras n'n i^-i ,nijnnNn Q'':c2 on'oi^nn p2 ot^'2n^t^• 

! 1 3 ^' 1 — pvi nyi2B'2 nois 

ns '?''-[:n^ inn nnr nnnc"i n 11-12 12:^' niS2n o'jra a^aiiyn bjc 'JS nipoi 
o'"n'3„ s'lvinf' lar^e' on!? ':s ■'n2-i2i jOn^c'o nn2y n2'n2i m^vo on^oSnn nu^oynn 
.unoio^i unio^ ,iJ^ msan^'i 1122^ vn^B' ,''ni-iDDn D2ny2 onsiu'oi O'n2m'o inr 



.D"inn "Tj„ Tiiy 



16 







f'S mis'? D1J310 ,en-Dn n^n ^id ^y dvd unjx anoiy 
.n^ijn i3''ns n^yv pa naam min m-in^i fsn^ imnn o^'iy 
"^i^ iDyn mjvDji uidid miDo '?2ii ; n'?p njj'x it mny 

. 11:^1 men n'.-i^a ix^vini lyuj inoc' D^o^^Don 

^x li-'iNi mix N^D .nnnx □'jc 'je'' ,inN ar ijn3 
D:Dn> unjx anmy ^d ,ij3 nnjy ij^jd mani ,iJE'"no nu 
nn-n u^js'-i ,M2V nnn '''^v s^d n^iy"- ,nniD xl^o o^iy^ 
D ' D 3 K L" s ,D''"'^vn pa? mn?i nnion nx ni^j? muyn 
'\)AA"5\! BTi^n nnnyn iixd nijp?i ,n-iinn pyn id Q^iino 

.iJDy?i u? Tnro Tny? u'^n mipn ^x^n ij?i3 .nn^cyjn 
Qvo i?ia D?iyn ?yi uoy '?y ^-\2V nm .mnx naipnni mnx nyn unjs a^xvr 
,int<n rv na. noai o^iyn ?y K3 xiu ''aiy. ifin ,i:;'in ,nny .ij:;'-nn n^n ?x udjdj n 
n'3D Mjt'i njc ''D ,inK xn '-ax y-iixai qv '?3 .irc-i nvi 1x3 ddipo3i lo^yj DstJ'oi pns 
,nny o'^iyn ?y ijD'3n3i -jicxin unjc nx ij-i3T3 ,i3ovd njtj'3 ,ijxt5' ny ,D!^iyn ^y n3 
.ij? in njic'o □?iy3 ,-inx D''iy3 unjx d^xvoj ^3 u!^ nanj 
pn x? ij'?y .n?ai3Di n''ia3 i3n-ii3y ,ny3 D^D^DDn unjx 
Tii^n Q?iy? 1J''T'' nx nn? q:i dx ^3 ,ijni3-ini uoy lyo'' nay? 
riK T''Dyn?i prn? □'yvDN3 rnx? ijoy .nii^ni 
n'3 '''n3 p3 ij?3pc' pivon iJ3ijn ny .'"ej''.DiuDn ici'ni pivn 
pni ,TiJn3 Dx '3 ?'n3 x''i n33 «'> '3 .ij^co annx? ?'VNn?i nxv? us au3iD ,iJ65'"no 
.D'o^t;' D"?D~nj D^n n'-nM D?iyn 311^" ,'n nna — ii:n3 
n'3 ?y ,n3yn lunn ^y : ij^< uo^iy ?y nny ijn3B'no ,D''0'''Don unJN d^in 
13X D'!^pn3 n33 aron m mn-oa .Dmaj us onaa' ijn3n ?yi ,D''3tiy ukb' uti'-no 

.n3yn UD?iy3 m^ny? niyjun m^NB'3 
n3ann:^ ir?y : d^doi d^'dq ^3? mny nuan ysn? pt ^nriB's n^N n3n3 
"iiyvn -inn ns ijnj user lor ?3i ; m'?-^d p'ti ^'? nn^i nayn lun? utra] ''33 iDonn!'') 
.lavis^i ijnac? ,ijniin;i ,i:x ijn3ns nx i'' nn? ij^?y ,Dyn nna 
,i:n?s pnv' 'i n3'C' '? ^ d-'Tid?' c'-itdh n'3 
?ir lyn? 13'3d T3-inn umnyi ij''jy3 ts'np Tion frn^ ,QniD -iin3 iJ3ijn ij;'3P n 
.V3uni VTo^n? msan^i dc'? h'hm nayn lunn Q?y3 nu3 
?ye? ?3i3 nin3 5nnK'3 pt '3 -D^aunn nmnon ns '?i:'?) Ptn? D'o^'onn ''y 

.•T3yn lunn n3iD?i iDion n3iD3 



17 



.■' .J ,pir r: 




.•I .J ,P"1V VJ 












18 












nm 7S3-1 "Dnc 








19 









.' .J .p'T'pn^ 





.•' .3 ,piv r: 



20 



1 ' : 










.' .J ,DPJX-12 



imp '7K-1B''' 
.1 .: ,DPJi<-ia 



D"'u:taDp npy 



T ' : 



21 










/ .: ,P"ir r: 







c^r'rinn '^) 'Q 



TJX DMpai ,-iDiy laiPD ^v uk'hd ri'3i nxa n^jc np^noi n^^in hd^dd npf'na 

umna Din a:^ix .-i^dc ii3V3 ij2^ m^ ?v ninnn ni'^nn ididd ij'^''2E' D'JB'n 'o pao 
pn -ic'pn -ixK" D'?)v^^ ^r^v^\ nx u"x ni^tj n'^n^'nc ,D'?D"DonD n'jiu':''3 mvD inj 

.D"v-in 'n"DD 
np^no^ X3 pn ht ".dide' oidb'm iu^ n3 a'''Kn„ nptnn xin — ; r " x i i i 
nsD'i Dvtn iD^" mnnn ^nx ,np^non •'T'ai'n ^y onyiDi D'syn a^Dixjn svr njni 

".np^^non dkij„ Dt^•2 hjid' ny^i ,n-nnnn !^x 
n3i;3 d; inoipo "'Dij u'xi ,T"iDipn np^'noac P3vn xin — nstx '? i< 2 ^ o 

."^z'lii,, r?3xi PTn .nD3n nirnnn a'nin inrn □'jvvn nnx >np '3 ,D'jrvn 

i^j'K an;^ 13 /'ixT x'' 'J2i„ 3in3E^ snpo u □''pn: — v ' 3 t 1 n d n j 2 
.an'a^nn ^a' "D^xnun D'o^n,, ^33? iin'3 ,n3E'!33 "mny3„ -'dd N-,n pidv .npr'nD3 
D1.Q n3T nx □'j''3D DM^o^nn vn n'' rij;;'3L'' p3D di::' px — r " n ; n : 

.:^3n Ti3nj txi i^k'd isu fi^oim xns r"nt^• ny 
i:"m ,a'Df' 13;^ np'invD nv^n i« -Diyj ti'Ti ,ns' nRn3 n^x? ndv ^^3 ,\n 
: x'n i:a' n3n3n .udd ^nj nnr vl'i tn-;3 □3?' p^' '^ , □ ■' d ^ x 2 t ^ 2 1 1 'o 

.-1P133 12 ny 11 nys'D "Tin,, "nn 
n^DiD^-njxn f'y pipo tod ."n'ooan T^^:^•o„ x-.n — i 3 1 j e* □ '' n 
.nirn3n nv:3n f'y Don PV'i'' Toni .rsysyo mjL" nj'ti'n ni?'!^ ?yi n^D''J33 rmiE'n 

.Dnns □n^K' □: xin 3n',3 d^mn 
-inNi n"jin3 'J3,' "ma't.'n„ p3a tod .np^n'on ipni" t<ir, — i "■ y 3 n o "> :;• 
f'3 pmv nns no,, rs :^y MD3n n re -i^Dni vi^^P ■i"in "iu3 nx X'3V3 nnrj* .nij-n3 

"? ''jy 'J33 TJ3 N'-n ,1^ 
Tin^3 ,i"jn~ ■nDr'3 ri'r'P i'''"i n' ^y ;vid nsiD t^in — n3Njp □n-i3N 
]}2 xvDJ Sim nno-c-o D'^-nvi VJ3 ts : min^ ^l-'ji irv niJ3 ''y D^pnsn niaf' nyK'3 

on Dn; .an D'nx □ ' 1 3 j u d P " ' -i y :;' r t „ 1 -i r' ' d " ^ : i n „ 
1JL'-" imnDr'i ,n?'^3 nnnison myKTi iv "■iioDJDP„n n3ny3 ipoy in^ n'D'':33 in^ 
• ic" 'JE'n ly nrE'31 ,?'3i3 'J»'n ifijb'd dp inNnE5'3 .np''nD3 nn' d: 
vsm '3 v'?v Tyo ,"■1J^^, loc .np;'nD3!i' D^'Jiprn p sin : — t j t ? ;^ x t i;- ' 

.npf'no3K' DTMSon DiTo^nno -ns — xin p idl"3 nDN3i pPK' 

T3n annx onsiD .np;'nD3K' ^jrvni nn3Dn k"x xin — d i I' 3 j t 1 i n 3 
.n'm:i''3Di >x-it^' ns ?y n3inn? loin i'' c" Toni ?N-m" ns3 ininL"3 d'jb ?n d'jb 

nx nn'''!;n3 iny'' P'son ix ,njE'n yvDS3 iJ3ry — t " t^ t^* 2 i ; i 1 y o c 
>-^> "Tjn„ n3ny3 rmnr nx □;: nxnn .inrjiv'R3i ij3n3 njK'n p'Dvnt' "T3?„n 

.ipnL"N 



23 



ri'U'x-io .np^'non ^c nuvn ipoym 'xj'ion xin "'aKP,, — r'^ijp pyoc' 

iDiy 'D ,nD nmy; I'-j'Dn;^ s r. 3:^'in .□n'o'-nn nmnon X':;'j — njB'ni ipne's 

.nnvn nyi:n nn-inDn ""t:' x^i."j-pD iin^ nnan;' 
.np^non ^jisd an "'3x\, — di^'^itt ;pu^i riip ^xnt''^ 
'n np:^nD^ -tv^r^ nu -I'ton r^^n "arrn,, .nrsn^'i njpn'' nnsDn nnv m^ri' m'PE'a 
rn noK3 on ."vvp\, is-ii:'3 -nn"2 .n:n mT'itn DTrnx nojDn ?c nison nx lo^vi 

.irnx nmnx n^jo 
Qi^no — oDi's 'nnc'i sikp aninx ,'pd-i'd tit 

.--' DJ'x Dnc' nyc i'' ps .np^'nan ^l." c'-ic'Dn-oin nx 
annoai xin"- annxo — ijdt jn^i pn-n'2 .n .njti'-p .d 
an D'pipt '3 ,an'' m^n' nn"'vn .-i2d a'srj'j a^^j ': .np'-non nnx an r^n : nxv!' 

.n? 

tD"^-n njuS ^Jirnn D^^c^n 

21 l^iT] 

5' 8" najn 

154 ^ps'on 

I'^nup pyoc "\u\^i iiMTin u^^na 

"1DI '3TID in\"i M'5\g\'3TA ^"B'nn 

□rnjTii n: it\a^:i '■s\'^n Q"Bnn 

Nznx r'xa^D "at\\^i ^n.igorA B"Bna 

V11P ?K-iti" "\v\\"i ■?'3'5\gTin n"-0T\n 

"i:"i^ ^n-\-y ^^^)'^Tln^^ v<\wx\ 

i3ij'j'D □"n ns'7T\nr\ -\"\\VBn 

D^n^oDP 2py^ n^'?n'ar\ \u"7i 

It"N m niJiTiTiTA nu'a 

Dv^iL-n npy r^ij'^nnn v^ 

T'^ii inj VA\!"3Tinn "jui "■nA"?Hmr\-v\\3'5',ii„ 

vamn Dnj2 -\nA^i "jAiin "\m^-v)0\9„n 

SIP .S ,DDT2 .C /PDTD .1 tnAmTiTA \1AT^ 

■iJDT .J ,-ijn''p .a ,piTa .X nij-j-nian "miH,, 

'j "\n\^i nracn TMuia 

'n "\n\^i nnuTiiA r\i\u7\ 

P'l'Nn .J .n -\T\\"i i^iT^n Miun "\i\Bnr\ 

1:12 .R .1 -\v\\"i i^iT^n Miur\ igwin 

□•■n-ipno D'rnn •'D'' -\t\a^i i^inn -\'mr\ 

pnn 'D'3 p >^Dio -\T\\'i i^inr\ i\3Dn 

"V"lt<n„ IT^A^l VlT^TA Mli)r\ \ATA\)7\ 

[iDSDinu ^^Dnn -m\\^i i^itita lATiun nirw:) 

D^itn .1 .3 [<'t;'jn_Mii)n bbh niwi'? -\T\^^l "^ugm ^HiiMTinn 
r)'?nn -Q-jM)! -\nA'i "jMin M\T\^n 



24 



nnsD 




w :' :v ^ 1 2 1 n 

26 — ssns '7SD'i2 — — --i''.i*n nrrn} "?'; 

27 noT .1 '^Tic — riiTiin i*;:*d2 '7S-i'^^ "'D'731n isdo 

32 — T^'ii ]n: — — (Tt:') v-12'7 rm^i" T<'.y 

33 •■'■'ts'^p"; .^ "Vy'D"^' — — -":n? n^^ir-n ^v 

34 — — |T"s in — — :sns piin 

36 — — ipDi''o ■'I" — — i~"c PJp 

37 — — m^3JTn nj — — (i-'tr) •'^id^; no? 

38 — — nn^ ^sity'' — — riDyn n-\''';r, 

44 — i;*;::'!: en — nn: y^' Vii'.s nmpc 

45 — — SiSnS '7SD"'D — — (^'U') ^".3D 

46 r-"^~ i'VO*^' — '1^"- *"> 1-V'i i""^^ n"i^-iv 

47 — ci^2:n-i nj — 'PNir^rj nrsnnn tix'c 



s -^ n r T s n n - ' "' .r-;s- '-"^' p\T; -invn r^-.m s^n ,m^t:'n 

. c ~ s' I ^ s n T ^ 'l:' i "> s 
nnrn cm'^i :"'" -7no-, CTsn nr^i';-! ?::• nv-" s'n rn^'Z'n n-.JDS '?:■; 

csni- Cw*:"! ^'^ nr^nsnn --riQ «■?« nsn nD^om n^r^:': nijcs j^s ^'7D3 

.c?^-i-c- CT.pc V"ii' i'^^ .nviD N^u' mxiijnn iinn pi nx-.j — n'?-;: nnrn 
n ■. D c -1 1 n ■, ^ 2 ■ ' - c ' 1 D - m - V n D .n'^m;- s'^n m^ti-n 

. u '' •^* : : s" c "" - c ' -i c n . c " n n i " 'r :: n — 
rjiD rf,D n'7'-2cr; --iTi?:- s'n c-s ]Z ?r i:'2:r n'^-r"'?::' n'D-i2n nm^i"2 

.nnrsnnm n^nn "nn' pr 
n^L!-? --sr? ,17-iij:: -"no'' inn i? |n"-", c-sn ns ,-n:t:- n^n s\n m-'rn 

, r P i^s -^"'c -s c "' n n ,n"r:s ?2 '-V72r ,n'T-v?^ 

. ' - ^ n n :; n 

•AnHim ,V\\in'2 "JHIUI' ATTiH^ffi TU n"2Din"2 
."■D^r\'7H "n "53 \DMM — "\3 -\T\H\ ; A\11 "33\3 -^.H^ \13. 



26 



nrriM ~:u*^2 ^ST^r^ ^c^2i« -sea 



,"fiDD 12^ annsn '"'jt i:?^ mxn k'co nnjD dddvio ^xnc" ':a ivd'i,, : loxj 'i? 'n' 
ia2 ,-ioni D'C'jn nx pntrnn nnp? '?na ,in7n Nnvn 'xvr annjn ncoa n^n nr ,-idi?3 
."xnv Kvr !i3 n^iyoi nj^ onc'i; po idt "'d,, : '3 ,'x -in-onn nnxjB' 
D'-iP2n ^D vnn,, — pvi inra onvo-^Nvr '?^ laoan xmo 'iq ,'n imam 
I.nuTin D'JDD U'K nt idd?:) .(603,550) "a^tyDm niND ti'oni d^d^n n^'^t^i =i>n niND B'ti' 
nin ."DDinn npsnn t^^ onnx noD!^ n^'i^ni,, : xnn piDsn iDXjt^ idd ,D"i?'n ns a: 
(n"D2r' 1400-D) ni"D 'o^n n^n dsui an cj qj? a^nn^n '-c '^^''Dn isDon:;' anyc'D 

: aiDD '1 'n /S3 'b? □■'D^n nmn .i^xn d'-idddh i;:- D^yn' im ni3('D ^d'd 

fll'B' B'^S ^'?ii HNDI D^fJ^'X n^S ^XTJ" "-a 'HM in "'X DlfH TP3D n2DD DX nXV jriM,, 

PD'J31 'i^'i (470,000) ain fq'-:?' c"x ^i^-x o^yac-'i mxo yaix minn (1,100,000) mn 
piD3 .2in •'2'?^ ti"X 1,570,000 ^3PJ min'i •r'Xii^^D I'px nx izn: na ."aDin^ tpd xp 
iBDDt;' nyt:'? c" nio .po^jai •'if' na:;' 'jn x? qji ^uni a'u'jn m^'^'Dj jj^x n» -12002 
;^x-iti" viXD rin Dnny d^21C" .cej ]v^d nymx"' v'^r] in doi^q ^d^2 i^xna'^ ^d^dix 

•xinn tarn iiy rn xi^c DyoD 
.cipn i^non uyn idtj ,P3n mpjo p^v n3''t^' -y nt laia anin^n iqdd^ yjun 
(42,360) "D^B'tJ'i nixo et^b' d''D^x xiai yaix -inx3 ^npn Pa,, : niriD 'id ,'n xiry ison 
iDJ3in xp piDD nr pntynn .n"D3? 537 njcn iiya p^vn:;' nson n^n nt ,-idiPd 
n^n nt .n"DQ? 722 nrLrn nl:^•x iPo nnnjD n^ ?y ^xib" didpod ipjntj' o'DDB'n mti'y 
a; ntn [otn ixvd: dPix .Pnn^ nx'j-: nnn ,px-ia" via'? ntnc ^nn ''pua t^.?^ P^n pi 
□ im nVinxni njDpn n'oxn ,npn3x y.z-^2 ,21)12 d^jdp D'nicn anvan Dnin'-'m:;" 

.nan^x 
ny p''i* ni'L" 'ovd ,nxnn naipnn n:: in ninyo amn^n naaDr- yjiJ3 niyTn 
(A "□■'xann ay amn^n nan^D nn^in,, naon in'nno p lor .^ja' n'3 pmn naipn 

: npxn anma nnia 
B^Q"5u T\unBA Y\\ii"\ \)U)n i\^n ,nTin"5Tin nu '^^i \uj'3y\^ twh .■QMimr^ T3D'n\„ 

.0,200,000) H\l"\ QMffi\)\ nHTl r\"n l\^'ftrt TAU '511 U^niQn igB'n\ ,(,91,000) 

■}H B^UJAH ^g^HA nmu ^^x\ ^i .^q^tujm') B'^i)'QT^ n^"3' m "\H ,TlM\n^ niM 

"... n'QT\'?\^n i\n'"5B ni:,-D n\HT\g\ ,■n^H'n^\ m ^\i\n^ ^^'i\iw 

imui n'jiA v\^r\ inr\\ ,r\n 'q\^\) w'nii T^x\lx\ w'~lv^\^''n i^ii h'5 n^Tim . . „ 

T3^"3ffl\i" niHiTA r\H T\\Kin'2 m"\3nH T\^^"\l "i .'Q' ^^7^M r\H u b\'\jii^ m-n 

lITliQ YAH H^m TlMTAin YAK \Ui!l ,QMAr\^r\ U\)'? YM" S"? lUlH \\)T1'5 Wl'l ^Vl^\l'} 

". . . ■DT'-'7H"7 inn ffi' ■QH ,'^\^yv\ B\)r\ 
B^TTiY n^in\!'a bmaam m ims ,i,htybi) tads hi^i^ ^^Yrt u^m r\in\ . . .„ 



.l"'Om '^1 ,'M ?11 ,'ffl\Sl IQB ,"21'13ffi T\H^Ar\ O 
.UlTOiA ^■\9"3 Yin\B IffiBl ,'Q\'21-QY"'QYi\! V^iY'j'nAMil (2 



27 



'Q"iv\3'3 "Qr^l '\TiH\ vi>'j:)\r '5\b \"\^ia n'n:) ui'"? \^^w tibmih m^)! t\;\h b\)9„ 

^nv v~->\i vw H'^m T\\53\ T\Tig "33 A*; vr\ nn^ti ^h^\^i u^si mOAi "jm 
."r\\]\T^"\ mi \\"r\\B\ Hn>3n Y^T\ v\iti r\'\m\)T\ 

UDjc a'C'jxn 1DDDD ,n-i:;'y3 ninsn ^■2'? r^z^n'? t\v D'Dnv pio3 i^n on-JDo 

!Dtn :^xiL"' V"ix3 □mn'n iddo n^n pan -i"-n 's? .jv^d ib'j;-d''JE' — xiajn 'q^i 

T3D iD^'pnn^' anD-ion nx ir'njni nr^n nivnx^ omn^n ntanj piinn nnx 
□'n "xn ,njDpn h'dx nyn nnann? i^^nnn c^B'-in du-.b'-'I xon ,nniD ."'n; ,anvoa 
'?222 T^ion nnano n"Dnx n''K"!'a'n nso3 .nincn D'f' h'^dd nnip:3 a;i in^nn 
mxa vin jTXDnn nnaoxn nninjn n; (.4 inx2 -\"i '2? .ixo -[j; nnin: nmor' n^ivi 
nymsD iiy n: annx didipd niyi ^^n ."-ktj" rixni nmn^ n^jr^o nvmxD f'x-iB" 
.caj D^jr^'D njioL":^ iiyn nmn^n yc ^^^■jn naoon y^an ni ^a^ .D^jr^'a 
unjx a'NvitD .nmnni nnoon nyn nn^ni nnyn TDinn mn'n 3it;"n nn 
-D^ND n; njrj'Nin nNon -icanc nnyc'D .-xa □'f-nj rn tni amn^n 'oi'Dixti' any 
.'vnn oyoD ,-idi:^d ,5CO,000 '?c' ^r-^D 31:;" ninn amn^ 200,000-d anvon -\c't< nmjD 
.n^jv~i^y nn^n;;' idd nnin'~i'y nn^nc' n Ty :^y nox noxai 
nic":ji nnv r'c naipn n^^nno nnvun mn ^c nn'ocanm nnnnjnn ay 
Tijc a^nnn nioipan ''D'? .anmnni anaac r^y a; ly^aj^'n pao "-3 ^''n ic'x ,anin'^ 
anf'DC'n n^'o ^a^- 'd ,"1:;" nx n^^vnt",, ayn 12 nx pi rixn 'acr u ix^i ,mn'n X2i 
nnsiini nnyarnn .annnn am-^n nnip nx i^nn^'i nyi"' na' x:^ aji ivsn x^ l^airn 
!Tiy ne'p ayn ni^oji nnpj yc an^ amn-? a'^c-nn ^l- an^n n^n nnifun n^ajan ^tJ' 

."cni^xn p nx jinc,, nr 
-\^r^2 ntn intn nx iDa*? ux a^'^ia^ ,a'ran '2' ^la ly n^^'^n nxon n^nnno 
:7X aan^ tl-x a^a^Di nii'-ix ,maipn ixvs: .P'lDn ■f'XTj" ay"" nnvi annj ^r a^Jt;' 
naipn ,(n"Dnx 77C-830) ni-n i;m r'i-i;n Di'?np pu^c' ^cd?' laa ,3iu n^n amn^n 
nixii:n niamn f'a ■'a;'? ixij nx ix ,(1220 iv 910 njtj'a) inaan anin^n ?b' 3ntn-iin 

.??Dn ID B'-xvra 
amn' ^k' i^nta avc "ijnjx a-xvio nTL."y-K'f'k:'n nxnn iv nn'E'yn nxann 
□nvi:n nnn ie'xd nnv nuinnf'i Dcannf" a^^^ia^ rn amn^n ,a''D?a'iDn nnn .Tiaan 
^nj anin^n ''C 'ynon 'mn nTi ,a'nijn a'xjnni ^inan mam njjn nnn .a'xjpn 
a:i m-iiti' ,v^~i'':i ,nTn lora maa ny?2 nainn annj a'ar^'r anaiD -id'!^ as P'aoni 
,T';ijn ?xinc' 'i f'C morn nx I'Dtn'' pi m aunyn nnn nnnyn nimnn nnnai n'^y 

4) Baron. S. "Social and Religions History of llic Jczcs" Vol. I, p. 128. 



28 n ' J ns 



" 3 n T n - -i 1 n „ ,nxTn nQipnn I'-ysi vn-c D"nD"ini n'-n min^ 'i ,"'11^32 px hd^k' 

Dnvun po''^' -\in ,13-n nxan ncom 12-n nxon riion ,it naipn ^iion ix 

ntyn niDCEnnn ,mnvjni oi'D'xn p^ niDn'?Di nvii-jjnn ^c nionn ^vnn .insD?' 

.Dmn'-n ^tj* dj ht dv nnui D''myn ?'tj' ■'jnom .^''^'-Dn .^nmnn avnn mnno mn' 
niv"is3 onnii; vnt^ d'vdij ■■T' '?v ^xnti" ^d^dixd myn^ u? ^^ 12-n nxon 
xi"'ti' ,iT^it20 VDUn p)0''j3 xin hid inx .on'^nni ^xnc" ^nic'^n dc anpin vni nini 
nx -iDiD sin rmvDD naon .onin^n ul-" inD-i;' nVi-i>! nmn npni tiddd rniyoD^ 
nnx ,nsD3 idid po^jn^j' 'sd o^D^'Dixn ^:d naoD .npntj" Ty '?3:i onin^n ^iy diddd 
nimpon '?2 hn npn st^c ':ddi ,ninDt:'a 700,000"? Tiy? n^iy niDipon ?d nx Dnnnoc.' 
n y 3 1 s -I y n c> '? -c d n'?y xinn lotn anin^n idod 'd (,5 anycv3 amn^ onn njc 

. K' a J D ' J 1 O D 
.onnsn D'oyn ^^na qji f'^^n^'' ay I'-nn ri'jnu naipn n^'^nno Q'j-'an ■'O' ni'nnn oy 
msnun niajoni nmn nnionn .nxo ;up n^n nan^sn a^ntrinn ^b' 'f'iiDn ^n^jni nmn 
nan^x 'O^Dixn mo:;' o'-L-ny vn ,n'in-i d^j:;' iDnsc' nuicn man^oni niannni 
.n^iy n^n ^ynon Mnnn ic-'no d^^-jn nnr nnnn an^DCo rni 
'on Dnyn D''Njnni anyn nc" anni" ':aD ,-inv3 imnn x'' amn^n 'd^^ix 
iy ni'Hj nnionn nn^n imo3i T'yn mno'JD mnacn ^3 vn s? : d^niu vn o^rnn 
■B'ann^ piva dipo^i n-iyn ns ik^'o n-snun jr.ajDni nuic'n mpmnon ni:inon .nsD? 
njitJ'Nin nji^n dtio rn mpirnn Dim Q^non mpirnn naoo nnji "-n; nin^n .tniD 

.cn^'-n!^ 
niD lup nnv nnnnn n''n annyn D^n?on :^c' nnsni naoont^ nmn xin s^aj 
n-'ot;'n 1347-1350 a^y^'2 naims nivnx ''Dn oyoD nuf'EJ'B' minti'n na;an .anvun ?b' 

.naiT's uc-'in ''dd 'ynn p^na 
nn^n niNnn nin-on ^jaai lu^sn nimn pa D''!^iy3i D'^nnia Tf< nj amn'n 
i!'nc' noc'Kn^ nmrj' s-'n s^n n nyaini ,njDP nnv nann omn^'n '?tj' nniann njariD 
.i^f-n nixnun maan? D'onun nni anvun niJi3t:'n niTxin nx D'^'-yno ana' omnn 
nan nnrn njnnni ni^'npa mpnvn nno ,Ninn to'^ nnin^n ''t' ^?D?3n nvnn 
nne::'Dn "n mno ,DnnP''' annyn aninn ^k* nn^Don ,n^jN'rn nnjti'm nxian ^rjyn 
?32 jDK'n Df'ti' acc' anyn n: amn^n anB' nt nno:i ,ian;i Ssnti'o nj^'oa min^n 
ns irupni anvun ^^fs -it^s?2 nnina nannn n^nn amn^n pn nmannB' ,niyi lapn 

.i>Nn nisnun nia;on ^aa ^xnc' '■i^^'n 
K ' n iSsn msjan 'D^n amn^n pn nnionn nx n^^npna' nso nniB-n na^D my 
,n?''3i<n •':a? mnui ara a^oya nam a^imn n'?'DJ : n^nnvoi ^ k i -^ ^ '?c ann 
i^xa nann myi yiati' '-aa nnuo ^b' d^b' dv Kin;^ nac'n ar ,pTaa nmntn njnann 
.i?Kn niajDi ni^noa mpannnn nx u^upni nuai^n-nnjjnnn ns nxo nanna i''yn 
niti"j: ,niBmD a^^aiD amn^n my rn yaon nvo i^n n^yjai nnv f-y nan 

.anaoo ns ind u^Dpni ^Nitj''' 'o'^ais naa-aa niDt^ y^yii )^ii q:s> jiijik' mrnm 
iVDja iDV'? )'?T K? B''ans' noB'n nnn: an nnmin naao njDpn? nnx am: 

.nnvun mn nx an^f-y il^api 



.52 '^^ .'H \l~^W ."■QM\iA'n '?\B r\":k\'?\^^ABr\„ ,V5\T .K T'l {% 



Da n ' J 29 



,1492-2 -nDD riT; ,1391-n a;i 1306-n n2nv K-n^; ,1280 njCJa n'i^jjN tj'n'j) D'annni 
'ID mn^'i □•j'12-i ''D nx Txc'n"' amn^n ns •.-•-i3nc (annsi 1497-2 ^Jionia ^j'n"; 
nnp:^ )^:' xpc ,ac'i3i ?: nx ido? amx aTriro vn ,nvp idt^ anTiis'SJ nx '7'vnf' 

□rnjo nnn d^ptiph .(1648,1649) D"ni -"n r'^' niD^ne'? •'JN inn^ .tn n^jr-is ^-^ 
□mn^ ?c niD^'-j' nnv .nsn x n-iton :^Nnc" 'j^n nix-iu nin^su ts my 'pv'j:^Dn pau 
,iDnt:'j nnirr- 12,000-c dipd >i-isj n^'wr^ I'^'ztn'? pi n .avtipn 3-in nnn ^'?n rej 
■pDH ID .n-i-inK n2-im 2,0C0 pc-af'TLiD 3,000 ixnn ,6,000 nn>a'32 ,10,000 sjif-ian 
-inr ; mnj D^m d'^ic'm ^xi:;" ni^'np mxD : xnij r\^r\ □mn'n ir'xn myisn '?-c> 
^PD nx nnp? D'^nv rn D'^nz anxcjn nnnxn nm ,D'^f'n I'-sj nmn' 300,000-a 

.□-cnn 21L'" n",aipD nnx '^'sn^i ann^n mnjn 

nsDD .ixD -ly D'jDiDo ansDo'' "t f'xnc" "d:^dix i2dd •.r'x^ □\sjn3 inioD 

. c' 2 : i 1 ' ■? »D o n 1 - 2 ri'n xinn io?n ''-'^^n nmn^n 

nn^inn r.vi 'rn nn^n ,-L:"ni -"n nn"T: ^iid -y IB-n nx^n n:^'nno ,it n^ipn 
nD isixn amn-n -i;; cm'jni nin-non ,ni2n-i- i23n x? D?iyo .n'xsn'xn nnn'n 
f't^' 'ynin P^'-n nnn: nn "d ,n2'.TX ":rin ~,T)^'^ nxnuf' a; nncn: n nsipn ix -i^nD 

.n'D^Dixi nsnns' •'2cnn ^d 
nsn'x nuno ^a pn n'V2'D:'oxn nn naj'^nn n n^nvn n^Dnan nviisrin ay 
'D^^■.xn nx'^2on nmnnn x-n -xd nor'Ui ?x-iu" ay ^v nnio^ ysu'n □; nt pioni 
-c'v'? npy^ ^2^) 3,281,000"'? y:ni ns-iTxn o'lin^n isoki nit;' nry 1825 njcn .f'Xic' 

.p'f'O 4 — 1/2-'' Q-iaDD yjn 1840 nrL;oi (vorv 

It njnnn Dmn'n iedo y';n n^onn nr'CDDn 't '-y loDiDnjc' □•nsDon 's^ 
noma 1867 n::;-n .nrj-a: 1,188,646-? (inw'nn jxn noin: n: x p?iD) 1847 nji;'3 
(.6 : iop^nn D'-nn^n nsDD nx nynpi nip'oo'DDD nao JT'onn n^c':oon 
s^32 ;;••:: 63,658,934 pn c-nn- 1,829,100 — (n'j?-,2 '^n) n-xsn'xn n'on 

??32 c'2: 5,705,607 i'n amn' 783,079 P'-'s 

^^nn cc: 4,583,640 pn nmn' 23,227 rpip 

f'f'nn ca: 3,327,627 pn amn' 11,400 Tn^D 

■?^32 z'-:: 77,275,808 pn D'nn' 2,646,806 — 'pnn id 

vn i^xn nnsDo-c c-ncin .n^Dn ?c' a^ncnnn ^3a 3.5v,-3 arno rn amn-n .Toif'n 

xnvn miny 'os-o nnnsn ,np2n?io □"Donti'o rn amn^'no nnnntr ':Dti ,a"?D''3'Q 

.nfD "'in; n-n "xnin anin-n nsDO p'-i ,D'Don '-isa) 

?3nn 'n-j'in ?c' '"'"'nn n^Do i'zi ^xnc" ■d'tix pn::' on'? i:i3nn> nxo -c^vo 
'B'on pi^n IX ,D-nu'in 100,000,000 nan-xn vn 1650 njc'nu' Ai any:;'o .nan^xi 



30 



"in'ni Dn,n' 650,000-3 nsiTKn 'n:, ,o"m n"n '-nx ^d'd ,ntn iDtn .?3nn 'na'in ^^d 
v!)-2%-D nina n^'n D^iyn i^D 'd^d-.^si amn^'n 'd:?dix ju on^in .250,000-d iiy n^iyn v^n 
ir?3o nnv a^ivn ne'in isdd n/V 1848 nns .0.65% n'-n naiTN ^2-c>)n'? qdrm 
UB'in ^DDo^ .0.45%-3 nni^3 ,n''^o 4—1/2-3 n'n a?iy3 nmn^n laoDi (1,000,000,000) 
.1.5% -iDi^3 ,3,700,000-^ nsn^x n\r\^ 12001 ,^^2: 250,000,000-^ rx n^v nsn^x 

'nc'ini nin torn I'j'on '^23: aiiyn ■'3cin 12dol" iot3L" unjN □\sn rx Dn2Doo 

.600^^-? n2n'N nin^i SOO;/,-? i3-in: af'iy3 cnin^n ,250%-? i3-inj n2n^x 

■ni:nnNn a^y^y? iv Dyo3 lovnni 13K'oj i?^?n a'Dn^m my2inn 

nxon niD : 'it x^n xinn iota anvuni aninTi nio3 p3 nr an''? nmcn n3'B 
inr B''3ti'inn f3T n''? Ni3n nn n^i^B'ynn-nasnDn nx a'joao 19-n n^on ''31 18-n 
nssnon K33 i?3d «? ,Tyn "n? i^jnan 133 a3nc' amn^n .an233 Tyaa any3 
BUB'inn ni2''av .a^'C-inn n^yn '^n? Tiy i^jnon t^^ti' anvun 103 n3-in i3 f'3 nin''£j'ynn 
13 ^3 ly-Btj'n K? a^'B'nnn mnyn ijidi ,nB'"inn Tino iB'y x^oni p'-jnon Tixn ,any3 
B'':b'd nsT^ B-'^'j-i "133 rn anin^na' 'jeo ,anvijn ?y 103 anin^n ?y nyi? n3-in 
DnB3nD B'Jionn t«i3^ i^^nnn-j- anvunc^ \oi2 13 ,n3Tn 13 ?3 i>3B n^ I3f>i nionp 
.B'^nj BnBDQ3 B^no rn .I'-f^n a^dnn a-NJnn '■3? a^i^'jT vn x^ti'i anyn ?n 

: anvp B'Jot3i nnvi inr n^iy anin^n -laaoc unjx a'xvio nx^m n n2ipno 
npDD Tiyj 1897 n3t^3 .1:^23 ir?o 10 — 1/2-? ai^iya amnTi ^ti' anaao y3pj 1900 njti'3 
nnin n^onn nnn^n ,-idT?3 ; e'2j 5,200,000-^ y:iPi 'pn.ry^ '22 '?it.' an23Di niDn3 ay 
njti'3 ,12,700,000-'? B?iy3 amn^n 1230 y3pj 1910 notJ'3 .anin^n ?3 i'C' ^vnn ns 
^3n 13 Bi xin nr -i2aD .15,900,000-? 1930 njt^ni 14,800,000"? 1925 
. ii ^ r. c^ noTipnaipn iT^t<3 njo ^ ii 1 ^ ^ n' ?"i-i.i 

-|BBo^?y^Jt^'300 i::'0 3t:' nixi? ijx aOia' nro 
ni-i?in3 nni3j ' 2 r\ "^ n3io; ■'3n n-iipjno n^-iin^n 

. ? X T ty ■> 

n^y 1936 njc3 ?3nn '3Knn -i23-3 .rt Dni3 mn- i;n;N a'xn nunnxn a'Jti'a 
D?iy3 anin^n 1200 .n2n'}<n -i^-y^ 500,000,000-3 cnoi ,-j'2J 1,900,000,000"? i-iy3 
nino a''iy3 amn^n 1200 ,ioi?3 ; n2n^N3 ir?o IO-3 anoi ]v'?f2 16"? "i"iy3 ysn 

.2% n2n'X3i 0-8%-3 

(,8 : i?Nn a"T3i3 loix i"2n .x -i"i 
^6 R"? T\^Hgn'Hr\ T\M"\r\n niami vvi^v K^inT\? h^om^ \"r\ ,"\T)''\!'m'OBMiH 



,58 "^l 'H S'JTl ,Bffl (.E 
7) Baron, S. "Social ard Religious History of the Jews" Vol. I. />. 165. 



X? - ' : 31 



-nji 15,290,983-'' vm □'-ivn '?22 amn-n '?-cf isDon A9 mjnnsn mj-ivn '2? 

: nt3 ;dix3 q^p'? 

59.75 '/i DMnai 9,137,051 an: nsiTixz 

31.00% DMnoi 4,740,848 an; npnoxn 

5.13 yj a''inai 785,133 an; n'DN2 

3.94^6 □'inoi 601,797 an; npnsK2 

0.18 y, D-inr3i 26,954 on; n'^TODixz 

.Dmn' D'jv'-D 4 — 1/2-3 on; 
on nrvnn nnx .vnn^'.nz mvn; on mDipnn nnx Ss-i;:" dv "^j; maiy ora 
T'na 131X2 Dyonon -yDDn is ';i?iSon 'onn xin pnsn ^v nnoiyn nnm'ni nirxiD 
D^j-j'n 300 I'j'o: -^nto n: iDixn ^ixib" iisn n^? nxonr n^n^n mmsn .n nsipnn 
.rx ujain njET? nja'D n n n 2 j i n d "< i n ,niji-inNn 
ns p3E'n2 0^22-'? a; a'?iD''i ,n3n'x ^ti' 2iyon nVinK* mnoi msnK n2nn2 
ynjn •'^2^2ni -D^^ian nvon 'jso •nso!' ny oyonj nmn^'n ?u' 'y2Dn ■"nnn ,npnr2N 
nnDt'D 'TO y'-'^i ?:^2 a'o-xno 'n''2 an D'sjnn ,nEi"i'N nivns 2112 amn^n 211 ?c' ind 
.nsDf' ny njopno nrmanc s^n nNvinn 121021 d^'^d-iu 



j;i"t2': nnn^ Tu* 



\ n 1 



,n"2'::n n^^iD^n "nT-12 mxin m£> ^:'V- 



: nc-nr- ,'n"i2n ,C27 t;s •r'? 
.nan? 'js nsc rnp "nno 



.n 
r-nrn n-nt: I'l: -•;? 'nsvc sr 

ir rr2 ps ':s nrs "jrn n lin^? 
."r:s v-i^~ --■" i- '^V '- 



.n-inc n'?s nsT ip n^n I'^^s 
n7i^' n-n 'n :nrc "jca cv-cv 



.1 
n-2*2n n:: jn c; nv:2-:2nn 
.n"Z'Z7n jnz ns?cc "r:iSt:'r 

,'jni:2c ,-v; "rpn sr r^'rv 
■'js n-2v "7". V2t:7 "m2;7 nr: 



— 2"nn7 '7'v» w-2 rLr-Vir 

! 2112 nDT c*;: nc ,nsn 

; i-cn^ izi iST" c-nrt: 

? s:n no- Nin 'c : npn^ cnr 



9) Anic 



Jczi'ish Year Book. 1938, /-. 544. 



32 



-'on^ na^ti'n "^j; 



\"-QmiJU l"-2 \ADr\Ul 



DnnuE mv-ix :^d3 Qnin^no nt^'mn >xit^'' nxn 'oix^n nyin dvdo ri3in rns 
DIM ar '?D2 nrc'}) no?: ,n-ipj n^n' -["jonc- noi''^ ,i"Jnn — anson 12D ''N niB-? 
minn ^^^nj '"y 1330 ynpjc iio'rii ^orn =nn iio'' pvD ,ni-i>n'3i D'jinn ,mvi3p3 

.in inD nnn^n mayi 

"iniK Ns ,iJjtiidoi umin ^c \id-]p 'sn -npnn ^n it ni'-c K^n ucji ns' im 
nu3 P'jyncn a'-iyn -ay p3 ''3ipon ■'>?3n 'o^^iyn loian nx '?-\i^ -\-i'-^ 'nvjn iDon 
.i:^:^inoi -i"jnn ivr ,iJoy e'n-i:? (o^iyn nioix n^on 'J'y3 13103) nuyo t<'' n-ia3 n?n:ii 
iK'x Nim nnnnDi uni^j nat^n nx ntn 'K^^sn ison tkh lyu Ti'pai i^nn iik3 xl^n 
Divyn nan inix unstj' ijdd ,D';'anm n^?-in d'^dv — arn u^nl^ nip'DDi ava fi^Din 
,iJ''?y,niN3n nnoni me'pn nixrrin ^3 nx ^yi "'lun noisnn ^33 noyo pnnn^ 1^3:11 
.ijm^iia nns^i uoy -innty'' nnp^ nyc ^3331 ny ^33 Vi:'3y dj i^nis imyDn xin xini 

^^3 niiv n'^n x^ •'jon3c' ny nr tn3 ?c itrns 'y3ui o)^q n3 x^n n-nx3;' 
' o '2^3 : f'xt^'^1 uosy!' a^'joxj nrn!' op yn? xj hdjj n3n nxt ?33i .lovy ni33 
-'3'vn "mnu„ ?y ijnnj^' n^yvn inn inix 'd?3 oxn — ?nTn tii3n pi 3D 
iriDxn B'snn min n3?D □t'^i3'^i ar^^ipm '-c nmn 'j^d ''33 duidi n''^^3n n'VT^;^ 
nn ,yu' dj dxi nn^^x yr Tn3n ox dtxo ^jpsidd — ? -i"jnn '?^ irnoxn noipni 
nn^^^ ?x r^2^^ f-c — nr3 pan nnns n3-in f'y Dn3iy □nt;' id3 ^1033 v?y n3yi 'xii 
,"ijmn3 nnx„ ^ty nv'? i:riix scno T"jnne' p'soi p'lc'n ?i3U3 ,xin amin iid' '3 — 
pnon IX .n';5?3n in!'yin3 nyn^ mo3 omo nn '3 nx ,an'j^y3 I'-ms 13^3 nr nn 
nJiDD D'K'ijxni nnin'n an-nn ^3tri ni3't;''3i n"n 'n33 i3jini 1:^-11:1" n'-x"- Tn3n 
■i"jnn '3m ^s?" x^n on'^n ^3 n^jan D3t^' x!^x .onTnacno i^n pi x^ci i"jnn nn 
^x n3't^ ^t;' tn33 a'-iyn nx c^yin'' 'xn3 nn a^nt:^ qx papa'' t^^ — ? imiDoi 
n'tjiyDn ny^3a ,aniD?n px nn3i .nt^'yon x'' ax nioi^n n^yin xn no ,i3x n .i"jnn 
1^3 Tiy nfx n? B'n ns^nni ,-1^1x3 ninma nrnix3 -noB*: ^^3 (1133 ,anix a^ni^on 
^lanon Tyvn inn nx n n^jn^^ 3'' "i?3 xj nn:i — ? n3py3 nrnixn rr'ti'yon nivnn 
vni D'K'ein aj^xi nn a'^an nxr i'ss naanc' n^^-^'yon n^'iivn ,n "ijnnam -i"3nn ?y 
nni'' nijn3 cain uny '-c anaan iaB3t;' 'Dram nioann nvn .an'' 'ixnn ampa nx 
.nr3 '3D x''i yn' a " n n n a >nan naa -iin3i int;'npD aipa 

mnB-'3 npanao nj'x xn t3 ax x''x ,no^t^'1 no'Dn c'npn naan ?x n3''ti'n px 
"iDoa' nr ar 'n3B' rrmiDon na'npn nx ■\:'? 3'B'n^ ny ^33 mnin x^x ,xnn3 nio;33i 

.ij^ nino anaan 



J? 



33 



\A"H 1\1 



; s - 2 : 2 " 1 n 



n^Disn D^iai ann^ nyiDcni r^v'i-\pn T]y-\D2 nvD d''S»'dj 350,000 •]-\V2 .nn nva isxti* 

;n3JT': ipina'3 nnv .ins nv2 nasrin nmn' niso B'^ti'3 .Dn-'nviDT nispi atj-ioi 
Dosity "Tn„3 an^ns inis pin? nno nnoiy am ,nu-iiDi nnu mn'' r-y D'f-n 133 
?i3:n ?>}< av';nm ,ans3m any: an^nnn oms a^'E'iso -DaTin ?3 nx an'^y a'vxjn 

.□na ^i'ynnf' n^ an'moipn? ams annno 

nnin'n 13? .nnuDis oijsa inv iiy mnn^n nx ytyt nvm;^D-i3^-L;'D innx 
n^ya^c ,nN3 innsn tdidh i:? 2in :ni2 •^^222•\ n'ji3Tin nan^sa tnnsn 'sn mx 
'3 ,ij'niE'E3 'poy IV y;j ;n"id3 ■"S-ic" n^np innn .mn^ 2y^-' n3 a'"? n^'n wye rif'sc 
ly ,3Sis ay iji^'pnn rrssian iu^;n ''no idpuu' n'^^^yn-n^tri m3in nnjsn ni3t3 
nnnn '?J2 ij'rs' n3n3 3ic'n □•iP'd ;xia nosin Dn''3 m''33 .nmn^ -\^V2 nnis u^sit:' 
.n''P3i''D-i3'u'u ''^ 'oix^n njon n3x lyi t:3C'!<3 a^nn^n 2vc^ n':;'xiD r'nn ,msipnm 

;x-ia3 '-iin^n nit;"! n'L-xi □; nor nai-i'X3 D'Jioipn n^nin^n aui^"n n'3-iD3 
,ti'nnn-p'nyn nDJ3n n^3 /Jcn nun '0'3 my ;s-is3 amn'n uc" nux 's? .?Dny3 
"?rc 'TD'-x,, ac-n a; nroi a'^E'iT'o anix is''3n amn^ntr a^J3SD nj3J ^^inom ns'n 
nyL"? nj3J nD33n nuc- 'sjn mo^n-px nn^n ny3 unn rju •'3 /'^xjn ''y„a B'sncjc 
nnjxn .jxn23 P''nyn nn3pn n'3 "-y a; namo H3 nijx .an^y ivv'' ■)2VC'c ''Sjn3 
''y pa iD'?;^ nxt ^33 nc'as ,sin paiao p3!:' ninonn pyun vok' fix ajoxc i^xn 
aui anin' ixvoj -i33 ,Bnnx anpm n3n ^a? .f'?33 jsna3 nin^n 3iB"n monp 
I'lxn ay ?y -i3:nnf' anvu!' nry bj amn^'ni nnsun nn^ao? nuicxin mxa3 3xna3 
ny'' annrys an3in3 '?3X amn''? n3''X3 njicxis loninn anvijn .a^^'^x n3iy vntj' 
^33 mn'n 3iu"n oca a: nroi ,i'"iX3 iinD? anf' r^n b;i .mjit;' nT'i3i an? un: ,nxn 

•Bn'3 um 

a'n-13'x I'^-in ?u' loc m3Tn x'n nn'ryn nx'03 ;x-ia3 a^nin" mx-V's '?v nmyn 
-i-nn n3 xvo: 1187 nju'3 .anay •i30Di' ;x-ia3 nn^n '0'3 906 i-iJt;'3 xsajc 3py' t3 
.a?iy3 1313D nx fj^nnn b3 jsnaoi m3E'3J-iD n^nna 'n aonieon 

may 1099 njti'3 3?vn yao "'0"3 .;xia nin' ?y mama yii' x? n"'n nxon iy 
n>Dn^ ,V2^'\r\ nx inn3ni ,nin'n -i3nan '■y i^aann a^ja^vn u ,3X-ia nin^ ?y bj oian 
fiy BHin'n mdv ^^^'?^n 3^sn yao '0''3 a^ix .am nx tx iTinn aui amnM ,am nx 

anin-n .Bt:n3n nx ax u acaj nx it;m x'' nxrn ayaac' ,B'J3''vn ay mn^i'i at^aj 

.nptn T3 amx idj 

i^ym annx a'-iin' .an ni'"''yr3 jxna mn' n:it;'xin ayaa i^^aa 1336 nrca 
,^\^:ve nnnm ^ud? a-imn^n I'^nnn txd .ponn n*3 vni: nco3n n'3i ,npion :^y tx 



34 



n ' J 



i^ 



"t<nD-:„n in"? '^nsxn n"^n .nnvun m^so'' 1389 njc'n an^?!; k3 >n3 inrn riDxn a^ix 
ntt inx -iDN^ nio^ nou nvij n!'in -\p2'? ,nnin''n njiac'n iht nvu ioid iny ,nsijn 

nyjs invi ^n b"k d'J3xi i-iy nnnv Do^^tj'na-i a^^-i2v an!'' tx ipnv nima .o^nvu 
•iXV' onTiipyv ?ip^i ,an;^'n nx mnn? i^mnn vn^Di sin .10133 njDP ps mpa3 
iionn ns n'oni' ^••nnni noon ns ikd t'j-in ntn i3-in .Dn''3D n^o onix i^^^vm annin 
3im^ "nn ponn .c'lipn naiy ns njnn i^^n omn^ntj' nn^ nDS3 aninm ?y i^ajnn!' 
I3"ini 1^X3 Qn''n3 nx in^vn d^ip3 viae?" ajND3i am nx -I'nn? ono t^'"n1 amnm 
nx njiE'x-i3 DDn!i'3 aOiV nx in^on o'l'n 3-1 d: an'j'3i ,a''3i .amn' aia^x nB'^tJ'3 

.ponn n'3 i:^s^ x^^i" n3 ann''M an^cj 

nnx .an'S'ij nx xodi minn n-ia nx ynp ,ni''B:3n 'n3 nx ri-m^ ynsn iionn 
,m3von nx ivn: an .a'nD3 apjn^ nn3pn n''3^ n3?? nno anini ai3 ajixnv nx anm 
"I'Vn im? anix una ,Bn''3n3n nx anii^VD ide'de' nnxi ann3pD a'non nx ix'sin 
mipij nx tvin;^ mjx x'sn irEiaxn non nx miy i^x niviB .ni3im3 a'ony ain'jni 
anoy nn^i na^'? ix ,am nx tdh^ aninm nx ojxi' anvui' maixn 'y3in avDVun 
Bmnmc 110X3 B'-yiiSn ^y pjn ,n'Dni3 >y tx '?-^>d^ ,tj3k'x -id^p ''vjii ^3x ,b3r av3 
10D1 .an'^niK'n nx n?3 i^i^ni an''n3 nx "xnas,, i^c yi3K'3 nty^' ■'Jsd ,nt "'Jiy? anxi 
.an^ti' xnaan ;n 'ou ani^un ay ^isr]'? amnm ^y loixn n'DJ3n 'Pino nnx >y injjn3 
nyc3 V"i3nn;7 ni^i^yn nmpi niB'jjnn yjo? n3 ,Bmn'n n3in^ ni pin xvin nox3) 
a'DiwJ'anni s^osn nx s'C'n^ an'i^y ^'tonti' nt3 pn a^ymen nx s'jy navn .(nun^nn 

.Bmn''n in3o ma'c 

n3iD ^'123 rn i^r'n >3x ,a^DDin!^ ;xi2 mn^ nry a^^'iopn ay a^nainn non''03 
ninnjn nno'' a;^ixi ■aci3-i nx in3i aninm ^y niyns 13-iy annn :ixnD ?13J31 ,anin'? 
"?xn'i;'^3 BX1 n'y'',, jxna n3C'n: -[""xi i"on nxonoi jx-i23 mnm 3iE;"n ?n; niannni 

.t:rc'X3 ''xnc" ni^mp^ 

iD'jn .a^'xvoy a^n nrn:^ it^iin am nnnro nri3T3 an'x nn3r nr-t^'oont:' ti" 
n3B'3 a^ix .nmn'' n^'C'oo pyo no'PB' n'nioin? a''JS30i novy ''J33 n^y nnm •'ninm 
ne>p33 US myn mntxi •'?3?3n 3von yiin a'lT'jn nnxi jxiao aninm ie'IU 1737 
ay nn'tj' ■>xjn3 31^'^ \v^-\n ans ;n'j 1748 njK'3 .jxna? 31^? amn^^ niBfin? nnav? 
.a''^'j-in a'Don '?y a-sDij a'3inT ^?x nixo ^i'^tr i'tr ■'n:^' ao io?b" rr't'^m nmio mn'' 
non?o 'oui an-ii3J3 a; u^'osn jxns nin' .1848 niz' iv b'o^k'o rn nrn Don nx 

.myn '?v nVkJ' B''niE'3 lon^ij njE'n b^b'^b' 

anoiE-'i ,n^ rn anyti' nytJ'n .novy '^33 n'pt'oo :x-i33 nin^n lo'jn n^n niox3 
mn^? 'jB'n njjmD \n: 1627 njB'3 .iD';n im!^ a^ynis ix amiB' ivnan^ [3 an3 noy 
niK'i pxi lovy ''J33 noiy nno xm "amnm T'y„!i' nrnvni no^B' n'oijio3x jxns 
nx ixvoB* nnjx nv' n'';xnan id'J3 a^nn .aninm ^k* a^onan an''j''jy3 3nynn^ 
a^un >Dio m3xn 'a!' -y-inon ns'E' "ai^iin,, xm ns'' nnrn m:ixn .nnaD3 p'iD3 
Bmitro no3 iB'onB'n a^un n-i5X3 .B'nn-p^nyn nDJ3n n'3 !'£' jjn n''i'y3 ntn am ly 

.nyu'' na' nxnp noin c'ol"oi anaaoi 



n^ T\ > J 35 



Tiy :mj n^n nt pjp .miD pop xin arn iv anui 'p^n^'^n pTiy invn pjpn 
D"p^ n-iiDnn ?yi n^is:n 5y ?s-ib'''3 o^:s^ nsn,, : "nn„2 airiDC iod .kipdh pta 
".^s-i'.;"n mivnn nxn inyi^ inji i^VJ tr'-x n^c lan ^d 

.('s t"o ni syvo N23) M?i 31 npi>no3 'i>n ni idt ? nt pjp ^b' u'id no 
■niD I'JPB' noiN xin — n^jaiD 21 nai .njpa ^b' v'?22 ids ■'li'i njip ^t? v^d3 iox di 
ns nn?" njpon inv vnn .cb'P n? nai Jas .pa'f'n i'jpn nnDnj il-n •'f'DD \->2\> sin 
pjp pV3 "niD P2P ns 3B'n •''\'?& "lai^i nr ■'cip vinJ' cpa xjin 2-1 ? njip^ tiidh 
IDS Ni'x ".siUT •'d!'1D Tiasf" P'Sd mh N2n •'i!^ nn ••}<„ : i> ins X2i ''2N .^iP^t) 3js 
Knn2 sua sini .n''!' 'jpsi idj vsnn nx njpDno njipn i'npo npi nxjn s''nn2 ,Km 
ist^j nst ^321 .v-i2n^ y^D? nD min^ 'ii sop sjn pa npif'noa nt pjy iue' n2B> 
('s 't »n) i''B'iT'P2 s-u:;n ^sl) sf'n "?n'j'o ^2po kpt nxjn }<'nn2„ ctt'D no .ntJ'p 
njip ?tr v^32 njp' t?^ no ■'jbo 2itri .nnso ?2pd sine' nxjn S'nn2 njip 2iE'n dhn pi 
nT-nm .ns2iPD nu-'B'a i^sb-j if'S nvtrip ! nKjn njpon :?3Po ^siu isd nnt;' m"- ■'■j? 
nxnj ij'a^ .nyin riK nijo u'S ,2in2n mtJ2i piosn B'n'a2 D''p^in m^i 2-iti' ,q& 
pjp ^ty ?DD xin s;^N I'a^^n '?v -\dvq irK nt r:v& s-iaon ?y ddi2d m? ^tr iidvd ^^ixb- 
■j^'^B's Dnj< '?v„ ('1 'D pna) o'l^^nna 2in3c idd ,v^v njpon '?v: nsf'B'n n^ ?j; vann 
IK n''?o mcnaa ,p'ny p:p2 mpoc '?'dd pjp m'' nyT? kis'n Kin "niD i^jp ".''^v: 
pjy2 "iiyi^K 'ni K2'py 'n npi;'nD2 'n' fin pc'n'p2 d; niD mu2 ukvoi .?yj riD^'tynD 
n^>y in'f'D Bnisc jra "n2 nj22„ pioan nx kiip K2vy 't ."Kii ik miDof' dk f^\, 
^D ^y fiKi .ni:p^ n2 nKi2nn ''y iri'^D nx piirn uy2 nse n2D02 uxvo iiyi .i"3i 

•f'Dan:! ays :nj ncax ,n-j' ?'yin u^k pjpnc' 

ION nni pa'^'n nB'yj y2DD ion in .nniD p:p2 -^^ 'i^i 2n f'C' mns npi^no 
DiB'D pa'';'n ncy: y2oa ps lOKi ixan Koyo 'Ko noK xaa 'ni .pa^^n nc'yj y3D0 ps 
•'isn ,D''iDD nan irx y3Dai pa'?n3 ciors n2n i''''^'t^ '^"'S's '"'^i -xrinivx n^nynn 
noKj DC .nnx nn'n inu "nv2ipo nD'B',,2 ^3K .y3Dnn ns sf^nn^ n^i3' nnJonB' 
.i''S''?n nc'yo y2Da px nr 'jaa ,pa''^n2i iioo iai;B' n2n D"'3nvi poo nau i^k y3DD 

•I'a'^n ns'yj y3Do I'KC K''n Knoiin djpdoi 

njco2 moKn |o pa^^n nc'y: yaooB' n'3in;i tr^ i>'KC nni!' nvan xnojn >3k 
? in'3 'sia nns2 n''on ntryjn ^31 /'i''a''f'n2 nt 2"nnj nt njpc' p'3 nnK2 D^on nti-yj >3„ 
nB'yj y2DD noiK nnx : niaoinn d'^'nic nt ^yi .pa^^n ncy: y2uo nro yam ,y2t3D 
nr n2n pxc a'vnno am .n"!'y2 yun lany: 1? nor koe' cib^r^ b" K^ni ,p3'?n 
niaoinn d''?kib' tK .pan 'a nt: si' Kn"'3B' »^-\ nanai i^a^i'n nnina niyo nB'yB' n^3B' 
iV3B' D'vnno Dm .n^^ya I'on lanu-j npT?? naion nox'' no 'jaoi ,n'3B' nniD v:p K?ni 
nDiB'2 ?2K -niyon 1? jn^^ npi?n 2nD' la ^■'Sdi Kin nniD myon nsion '?2^p k^b' 
tJ2n i!'3' K? niB-a niB' pa'^^naB* ;r3 .niaoinn n^B'ip ?y nn^n my o'a'Oin nvaipn 



36 



x^B* n3 ,miD pjpn dj upn x^ p^ ,n''^y3 TiDB'ot;' I'un laii:': nnn^ ion'' ib'dc' inix 

.-niD pjpi pis' pB'^n pn ^n^n^ 



•'K'n^p pjv lino iiDV^ D'>iD' UK eiDD I'ljpi miD pjp p^B' 'ninon ^nnnn i^y 



.HB'K 



'DiyD> XB'"-n sj"J0 KiD^n n^si^' .nx^nm lotyn 5idd3 a'2-n tr^c'a nupj nE'sn 
'DH ND'xi .pa^^n 'Divof' ^HD 'mvD'? njip nsin idkt njih 3-1^1 .nam •'Divd^ ^xd 
a.'? nuns niro mnan nti'Ni nona nitro ninan injn''K pa'^n,, .snDjn njiy .'dj 
".pe'nipn pe^^in min n!' ^^Da la^^n n^ sin ^sjjn,, : ■'"tj'-i ciao nt ^yi ".n''B'aj k^'jpd 
,-iivi ? nona men ninaa B'npnn n^npi ht" nDB'a p ds : '"t^i ^y d^^nw niamnni 
in^trajs napT ■'sr '3-n n^rija snoja i'"i3 '^^ '^o** n^ sin 'kjjt dik'o xoyu ^'rn p''^ 
S1D53 Dnj!' invB' niaoinn onois iD^a^ .i"3i sum xapino ninan 'khpo n^i 
n'jpj HE'S psE' ayDni ."ne'aj n'jpo,, on^;^ si^i ,kupd n!' nona niE'o nina^ nB'N 
D'jpj nB'Knc n:^'^ "sros nin,p njos .!ido3 pn hjpj ntj-Kna' 'jao sin pa'^nn 
injri'K pa-'^nti' inos njpddj ^dk .nn^ idj pn tJ'M noj pv3 pa^i^nnc aiti-n pa'^na 

,^?3 noD nnino dj'ni noma nic'o mnan 

.n"n 'al' D"iDyn dj snu pa'?n pjpt^ niaoinn dj anoix pjy inisn 

jnuni T'lajn pjpn ovn ny nsL-'j — nniD pjp — ]':? vino pnn? ?3ij nnya 
,ypnp^ P?d''do pn ,a"i3yi ^snE" pa ''••nnD i:^n mio i'jp .D''j''jpn nsE' ?3d nnra 
.lot ^331 D1PD ^33 Kin ;niJ la^a^ .py3 nvdj pxc n3n p3i py3 svojn n3n p3 



— mp^ ■'J1D'': nn^ 

? Tina'Din cnn ^js-. 

— nnn^ ^Jin^'wr no'? 

? ^''N pa*: "'Tn- 

D"'Dm "in n'7"' '^jki 

. . . n^ij?-n 



T » J 



37 



(T 1 3D) 

novT ■'?j?3 vv ''na s>a 3im ?"' rrin ppn cuod idvb' ,?SB'n smon n''30 
ns iv^n D'^i^ariDni mojj n^snn .ipn ^J2 voB-n? D'^'Jin a'Dtatnn ni'?ipn i?y ,nnx 
^5; Dn^jm annon n« ^■a-^n '?xioc' 'i ?;:: ,nn3D3 if'njnna .nivnna pf^api pl^ann 
^'nnn ,i:idd "pv trmon nu i-^^p rnti' p>2nn ni:iit ns ijot^ nnx .pnx nixfio nnosx 
nsnj?' lyt:' x? n''3nn an nnx nxB'JB' D'''??3nnn .m'ptj'n K'nion no n3v-i nipj!' 
siio i?''on mnnyn vo'v nu3 i^'xs ^3k .inaxr'D 110:3 nnnn n3?^ inynnc' ^'ocn 
jni^DDn nun ^yn ipt mn' ,a-n' 'i ixb'j pit ox!' dx? O'^'-Bnon ipannn ,a33''3 
anu:;' an .ir'-yn r^yo mn^D 'zj-i nv"'2 ij3l" ''sptn^ ay inmr3 nnoin nx ynsnc' 
.nnnoD niy'D33 nvinn ixvm ,nvn nnsn nx n3y ,nnTon nx ipl"j 

inxiv iDnn3 ^xprn' yoL'-n "? 31a 03 pjyn iisr 01 ,inyn no ,onn' 'i ,ij„ 

.vniDsyf' minn nipno t? mno nvn"' n;3 
■'xi!'n •'iin''' ujnc' aaoi .nJ'n; c-a: nojy 1'' oiu n3in ''j ,nDxn nx if- laix,, 

.;3?n i3Pt lyc im a'oc nxT nnjx ann' 'i x'vin ",nyin iJ3 yj3n x:' 

^y n3in muynf' rsn^ x"' n^v'^isn Tl" x^n ? nDrc'3 ]2^vdv oi .onn' 'i ,nx„ 
3L"VJ' aix urx nyiorn '33 .n3iDDn n-i'y3 mpL- ncyo n'?''?m on niJL"n3 lovy 
x'' 13 i'3 .njDpn un'-XL-'D u'j' nn'? v^v "'lys^ 3-in ^-31' -i-i3n' 'n n-iiy3 .an' pi3n3 

".mpj ox PM' 

-lyuva urx .a^o'n n3yi is'-n .auDin unuoc' nn3B'e' x:'x .'xin ,i3 ,I3„ 
nun? Q^'?^D^ u^'n ^103 nvpo3i nu'?-^ n'oipon moB'Dn nn''n tx r'3x ,q)^'C) on nn^'^v 
nm-c'i nnvy nicn3 moy .lou'f' n3 nn3X ?x ,n3''n unno -ie'X3 ''3x .x^n^' ?3 nxjn 
auupn D'yunnD inx pn xin n3ioDn Ty3 n'V';'i3n id n^Dipim x'n nu^iB .?3n 
yjnc -lyi ,num3 a^ppinon n'3;' nt^'P3 n^E'!' 3n^ vv" 'xiu xin .n^caon njjJD3 
onr uid''X -idi ,an'vn ub'' un"L;'P3 nx xip'' ui?3 no .mp' no ynr 'o dco n3i{j'nn 
".U'^'x n?'3n ny-in 13 p3 .anrnt:' my nm: nmy? n'?c'^ =id3 n pxL" inoiy'- n3iK'n 

^'?33 ax DSt."^ f'3U nnn' ^vc a'pn3io duo'd vn 01 ? nu' nnx no ,nx„ 

.pno3 nvpo 13 n''3n'? ^nnc'ns' ^ip3 ?xptn' nox "?nyi m'? nspa'j 

.pox mp^c' nipo urxt;' a''ono3 nntj' .133 n^nnn nnin^* nn3B'B' xSx ,p3j„ 
.np'nw'3 i-i3y' x"- nT3-L;' poii ^yc ■<'? x3Jo ul's' x^x .^'oni ,ni?^innn nvp3 ipsno' '^ix 
ni?po3 □IP? 1XV' a':'iiJon amn'ntj" ;'np3 nyioe- ivsn 133 a^oB'^ojxn Duinyn 
nixnn^ nyu-n ny^^n : a'3'Dio an myi .nnx n-i''y3 nnxun n3o^ ix3E5' D^jy an3x 
Ijn n?x3 an3n ! anyin u-i3x an? '7U'? ani^ nB'-iJ x? ,in'' n3i:n nx n^xn an^'r? 
an? 3't:'n!'o un^yv ip3xnn i^'x 310 nnv '?ix n^ntr 13103 .c^bj? x31o arx p3o 
.-1313 a'^'nnon vn ryno ntmx ay ii3E:'n '^'^dib' a^ynr ux x^n ''3x ,niDi?no3 
nj''n33 a^vx ux .iJ3 apjnn!' iv3n' .n^yniBn ,ant5' utre'in ?3x ,-i3n nnt'-y x!^ moa'on 
,inB'''o ?y ^'on? D'3nv notrxn nxi ,a''y-i ouotn ,m^v^ ■ib'3X no ,10 .^xTxiy? -\''V^n 



38 



n? 



,DiK'Dnn mjB'3 k"x ,m'yn m ntn ,nTyn nnn np^it:' m^jnn:;' ny ,Dnnvn nnx 
nK-'S3 niJ-i?D3 nmiVD nncu' nyana inix it:'js q'dop d^x^d omn d^js .in^n ?« 
imix nx n^DH^ i?" mry n^jmn .vvnn nx^'on imirn dk inns iB'ai n^in ns nna 
.pan DID n)m'? no d'-d n'mn'- n-^n) ^D^'?^'? li'SB'B' nns mn^n 

.n yDE'j nipn ^e* vdo'-c' piaps x'-q r'ipn n^riDtJ'n nxo3 "? nn'^vn,, 

.ms'yn rj^y '?v tpo "iiy nnynn n^ nx n^nyni nnx nD-ma nc'^nn mn 
n'-js ^y ti^n niEnriE'ni in nI'd odd .nan nox x?i n'jnnn n?xt;'> D't^n ni'^^B' nyunn 
HB'B'D non DID nx ntj^ann pni .niDDnon nTiEiB' pDo noi'Dnn x^ nnx nnjx «ix d?ix 
.nn'' Dnix ne'^'sm nyinp nsuyo oy iiyo nnao nx'vini nnuD d'dd 

?y^y^ ?'nnn loon ?y vdpk'o nx in^Dnnm ,ninmynn '■b' ?ip3 nnn nox "?iJoo„ 

.\vv2 nriDon ^ann 

ij^ nniD xin„ .ixnp'' inoj nnx nnDon nx in'jnn nnn nox /'nnnn inix„ 
Dinno Dx^ Dx^ iynj3 ".ir^x n'':;'? ^d3 □nnf' nn ^ic-'j nna'y ijnn''y tyo^ nmaxntj' 
D'snv pn uxti' D'ono an ynn .^idd D'n^iK'i n^nn ^cc nra i^b'j D'tj-iy,, : n^Din 
,|n .nt nx omon D£3n:^ nc'p on'' '■nx .unvo irnni lyn' i?'x ,nx ? nnon nnry 
,D"DnQ D'^inn d^'SIDc:' onniy .onn'''' non xin . . . ujni .nnn ncD^'iun n'jnnn anniv 
ne'VJ .nnE* ?nx .non: n^^ onn ^y ^nprnnc ''onx pn nt xi^n .D'jti" nnn' D'nnit;'i 
nmr xin ninan '?^'? .v'?v nynnn'' '^ niox .jn ,in .a^js^t;' vn n-^ns nonn^i xiiin'' 
nt tinnx ne*? dj dx nin no .nnin n^Dx nrn^ a^nnv ux nt nyni ,DnpTn mm nx 

"? pny 

"Ijn ,nrno ■'jx,, .nn' nyunn n^jnnn inix npiDsn ".na'pnn ,nnn nnnn ''X,, 

".nc'p nnm innni nyvio noon ,nij^ ,\^^^<'? i^n nix .rjinoi fi^y 
nnn nivnn if-^sx try .nnn nicy!' ix na-n? no nnv ^I'y .^I'y 'jjn .npnv,, 
ST-Din ",DyD nm .nipn on^n ^nnts'ts' on? ynixtj' nys'n itJ^n^B' nntnxn nx p'no'K' 
.■^n^yu .'3nin inno pn xin nnu- •'nn^'ne',, ,nvp e?s:r^'? nn innn? nn?!? loipn nnn 
^B' n^nn nx nnao n'jnnn .innn nx ni? Duy ivni ",inv xin nn'y^ nnoiB' pdd> na 
noinon p!^n^ nn:£i ncxn nonn avz"? dvs no n!'ix .i'nxn nnn pvjn npoynni nnn 

.B'nnniK' nnn ntix? nava xm i^'xn man nnna-n 
n^tj'jx nt'x my ^n^vn yinpn pjon fiDxnnn paxn ''x ,noD ,noD np'>nn B'OK'n 
nn^K'n nnDj .dv ^nn pina njx inoxj^' n'^aun annnn nnn .nnjo i'^ann? B'nnnn n^nn 
.Dninm D^nK'inn i^n nunpD nx nnnacr nnn '?^ iny^DJ '?v mvyi ti'inn ^ipn inniB'tj' 
inDonn Dpano ^y Djye'nni o'Djnjn inB"nn in inon ninipn rv •'^jn ^n^^ in^B*^ n^noo 
,nnt5'p ttx ion x^ annx .n'?x iian D^rjyn xdod nnn yin' nmc' nnin' 'n nnn yintj'^ 
nK" ^nnn nu^^n!' iiod .nnn "7^ ixin? nn nvpn mm n^ixn f'^nn iddik' Dn^uno x^x 
^xiot:' 'n .innnno D^B'i^n rsna' naDn t^y vj'yn ivD^-nm ,it nn'^yn nmx nxnjn ,nin' 
torn nnnn nni:D xsti;' ^in'' nm x?"! ,nix'n x?t^' inun nx nnj ,njxi njx i^nnn ti'Dt^n 
in^na' ty nnn ni^B'n ^xb*^ nn^'- pn: nm xin .nmny nDn •'Jso nmx? n^ints' npm 
nm FiD ''y yam xin njn ?nx .xm? nnn :?nr nyra nyDJ nnx dx njian nnjjnn 



a^ 



n '• 3 



39 



D^P? '13 13 r)V\'?n rn a^j^im f-Di lapnij a^ais^n a'cxin ,pnnrj ami' 'i .trman 
i^''ND IT nyijn .it i'' o'cin D-in D^?t^•:? i?xb'3i id'dd n^ y'?n ?xidl'' 'i .ra Kvin 
Di32iiyo mf-ip iKC'j t;n-iDn irnm nt -ins nrn dip^ i^^nnni amn'n -\r\^ ns< nTir 
nnm e^c mn npTm'o n^^n ^3 mi: m?'ipn ai'ix .myoipa ni^sE'i Q^'?^ nijinja 
.na^ ns nvn^ npvio ifsi mpe' no em-i ic-ji-inc' ]v -nann inis 33db' ;iinn M2 
.anapriB' mins'n man ns ^i:'? .a^cinj nan unDtom^vn? hdji mpa ronnn 3in 3^ 
an? nsDi D-iVDm'n ?np hk vi's mp d^die's anmn .a'^n; on 'n nontj' on? nox^i 
31B'-' "inu i^njiT san^i ijodi DnTiiy-a □•'^if'V ixB-n? onsD cpn Nin .mpB" no 
^B* a''B'pn a'oa'im ,■2'?'? d'djo: a^no xsvn onm .onon -niv ^^.2? ,D'"ii3n ny nynn 

.nnjo ??ann? nov onin^n .inoj mn nD''jD 

po nt^xc inixT nnx af-ix .mpon '?2 nx inioa oan s? a'Dcn ^kiob- 'i 
ypnE'Jc ''jan .nio x? pjyn ?3E' njpDon n''? yjn D'f'^'anonD annx 'ja ?y naioj nia^y 
nvE-yon rrnvon arpn ^cnn' i k .inon n^v nt f'yi ,in5'3n3 ^ymj tDinn s? nnimna 
finoj rmn^'no ^li'? imojn .iino «> mpo ? snn o^iyn sid ?y 122 iq'wo nyB'2 
mmynni n^Dn ni^nann n: vry -uj? ^is n3D mc ''?3a .mcnn ni!ist;' ^^' n'-myaa 
'?i3'' s'' ,vnijry-i ^3 En;"- npDia 'n?3n mon^o nno"' ^.nns njp x'' yno nSsE'n 
D'JB'3 VE'ya f'y m-133 nv3n yna .injc'c'' ins "13-D 11: x^s yunn xvd? ihid 
-IDT sin .E'DC -iin3 nipan? myjun nnxi^D n'ry3 tw nuni^nn px ? nunnxn 
'j'jyp 3'3DD nmynnt:' anyion a'-nmn nx rcmon n'33 d^ddkhd rnt;' o^rjon nx 
pntJ*? nf'ann nvnix? nn? tidx r'nx .ti;j nT f'3 ix ,r'n3 tx n^nc QyDn nx ,?npn 
nyocji ,mn3 mp nn n3t;': axna .3nyo □'f'i'ana n33 njn .D'yinyn pne-os inx 
yn n3yi ,rap!."D nx ann ipth i-orn .nm?n li^ync nn^s ^y n33iDDn r\'?in npnn 
mvn nmD3X3 nijc"33 jqainontr .ni'yn noic' ,taDD ^c nnujn inioi nx pn3nc ny 
na^x -i3TJe' ny vmy3VX2 mix lyoi iy3i3 nx Ton n'^ns 3na .t^mon nu!' n'"3iDn 
n3nE' iSDDf' B'DE'n E'jj ,n?ann mojj na'XD .'xnv iax3 oyan ■^^v itj'3f'i ^o^y xin 
□E'T nncy x? "P3"i„n nx nixifi 1:1x13^ ^d^db' laoo ^b' in3ic'n .ivanl' i^xci didj3 
nT'x laoD 130 ,njin a'p^ao D'ja3 .niB'^nJ' lyotj'j a-'B'jxn nnio n^ix , B'DE'n ?y i3j 
nja -iDicn nan nx nij:i3D3 yoE'E' nnx .nonn imix3 b'13? r?x b';ije' 3-1? Dn3T 
x^ty n^n 'X13B' 'jcsn ?ip3 xd3 ,ni-inaan 13? mp'ia-i nyn isv'? i?inE'n3i ,?np? 3in 
,iT nxnnn nnx □n3T 'r-Din'' inyn3 n^nc' nrn ?i3'' .n?''?n in''33 iix nnx six n?y 
nivf'a nTnx nf'xa a'E'iiao ansi yoco:^ .loy ibddi n!ii;i lovy nx njan xin ?3X 
anin''n 't- f'y nxna 3Tyj ,a''yi3pn onD-ran n-i3nf' n?'? ?33 nave ,B'mj3n nu .?np3 
nain nix nx las' jno'io: mo'' imo nanaa' ,nnx ij .pTan3 nnx nnx a'-uancon 
3''C'n? yjt3:n to n^'na' mvn no'3n ''yi ,avTinn navin ■'c-iip ?y ,D''pnn a^'^aaon ?y 
inin ,njn nsnn ,-ny inixn^ van nnx aiE''' pxtr D'^nn i?iX3 .pcxnn mi33 nx n? 

.inocj nx naji ,nnnx 3?n myoT 

,npTn3 at"ijn mn '?v n3'''nn nx -ii33n?' x?"^' n3 nuop niyaa yaac' ,iaDD 
Dua -13D1 ,nnx ms? yinci' ninan i3? ,V3-n an ■'jao .imE-o? a^xna ^n'?! oiao n^n 
iT3n h'?& n^x ?3 Ty3 n'-n noma nT'n? .m^yn 'J3 ?y 33nnj ,anx f-af' nx-inc ma' 
?3x ,inap nvn? inx n-im ,a''oyiT a^ja n^oyn? a'oya? -p-iv n'n nuiE' ■iin3 .iy3D nx 
,13B' nvn'3tj'n-'x nnsncj b'3-i a^o' 5iid?> ajax .m'3j3 ixvo: a^ nJ'X niji3n •'nr 
.inDon nji3E' ni3D3 mxan? DBunnE* B'33'>n n'3 id3 m^ynn 3iB'n p?n3 ?3pnji 



40 



vniyit' i^nn xin .impn o'ViTinDn a^nxan '?d dn vt xin .>)'?} isdd i^dd n^n lovv^ 
n^t^'x-i .iniT?^ 'DU 10X ^B' monon nmuy!' miin pi it^^aann D^nn mo '^y rniDpB'm 
unDtD niD^i' tny .imn ^b' n'DPtJ'n n'u^isn D^^nn n' ^v nl^n nyo: nre'ijx^ innns 
tj''' "IS .nun ns iD'^B'n ,~iaDn nun inr ,an2Dn .vis?' I'Si" n^nc* ^n:in oiQ-in nn 
isnj Sim ,n?3?iy^ u^'H imn ,non;'t2n nns::' a^o^n ,iDn sin .an a^'ivn si'c nunir 
?B' >nipon Dicjn •'^aio •'B'sn B'ljin nyjnti' o^cn onisai ,nyisin mnin .ins c^s^ 
navion unsa ym nnn il^a r^yj nrJ-D .ntno TiaD D'Qi^n dio^ iqdd ^^unn ,n3y nutj' 
sin TstJ' ^2^D naipn snn onsn b'sjib' o'Dysf- b" .nroinn nsmi nivin ^b' nnpn 
D^no nnn; nnii nunn namo^ dbd^ nD 'b'oo nm nicy? PB'nm nan ^djc t^'j-io 
DID? iDunn □U2?DB' v^n ns npDi nnna D^'DtJ'a 3t5"ti' D^'oya? mp .a'^atj' ainon 
.muiunnn ?v:n? nn^'ss my psB* atj-n sin .ts inspn n^ovy n?an .ns?o n^xnt:' 
D?is .S'nc 103 mniy idid ns T'SB'ni t^Qjn niDonnn n?SD niyB'3 K'nin nr nno? 
n?vn .uns iin? sinnn npa-on ns pnni nosn man dv ??innn?D iK't^ nns n?^?^ 
"na tuynn? ''•'nnni nmyn idib"? njanj Tipan nn mtyn .MSi" ■'n?3 dipdo i? moy 
inoB'j n''nn'' nmiynn D'cninnn I'^n av^ ]V my inins? D'?13' rn s? mm .anin^n 
i3ipnnn .1? vn s? omn^n "^v rnuvyno nnnn nupDo .dub' nT\s ~\^a2 namiJB' 
ny ,innyj 'd^'d tisb'jb' vniDif'n n^B^ .an onB'' d^e'jsb' no?nn ni? S3 iDn^i^s 
nyiJ 31D ms nrn? i^ti" ni'ryannn .nnyn ainno I'pyi i2v ,an3D nsnp3 poynne' 
?i3'B' yT" sin .ni?''yio anm iniB'yn b'bj pibd 1? b"C' nti'^nnn ay nnu iDun "iipdd 
npB'n s? iK-sj nst ?33 .lovy? ninntr imnD nuj i^'s o^un iudb' nnns 1? b'oi? sin 
UDD ,nB"n3n? nDja* nis:: pyo B'^nn 13? iinn ts ,ioy isdd n^n vin ''2?3 ds .ntn 

.nt2 inv psB' nyL"3 a>mn'? 3''ud sint;' 

^t^ DDinnni ision inn? ampnnn isdd nos ",nntnB' inso b'P3d us ,p3-i„ 
E"si an ijn nns .nt dsoi mc'y? aneoio an no? nyn? psi mat:'? a^nit:' an,, .mn 
as ipitj' ns inDP'' an s?n . . . ^naa n^n i?'s ? anmc nnun nu na'yn noi ,\pi 
s?i piniDa sannnti" mo nnr .sin lop s? anaoo s?s smno ustr s? .anua noys 
IDDD iVDin ",aunjsa s? ?ns ,?npn ud? nitima ns' ■'?is ina ."inua ms n?yn 

.a? aiDD 
.nou3 Djan? n?nn ns innsa ^ivn ?ipa mn nos ",msn ns naas s? us,, 
" ? yno„ .?aisn nnn? nnn ns ni?i ojan? ni^-\ ?ise'? no^ imon mo isdd 

.nis?snn s?o ?ipa ?se' 
nr niB-y? inan ps n-j'sai .nmyn ucm ?y pn? inv nns .noic' ijn nns,, 

.ann n^B'n ",nnr3 u? nnisjn imn uovy ?y auuo unjs 
niB'n ''? ps ."ins isb's us . . . nsr ?an„ .1200 ns nynan ir nnvj nnitj'n 

" ?'? ncnnn . . . v^oy inis nry? 
nt's s'lvini BIP0 D3S ny s?on uins ?s c'u sin .nrn ms? iB'snn yun mn 
a'?on io?n ,ias nvp ?y nu?B'n3 a^njio vspb-o ,isd3 ?y «iid3 ne-ui .n ]'v^ nso 
nit;'?n nmna n'on i3'?y a'ouo yino .inio3 "niB'mn ns' ina . . . ipn m ijn nns,, 
nnuc'on nD't:'?a noya B'unnB' nnen ns nar sin ? a'3'pn U3? D3-inn? pn nrisnn 
nyo r?iDnpi innaa nip nyic i^s nat sin .anns a^o' U2? yoj n''?sB' nun'yn 
B30 s?o n^n ID ?3 .nnuK'on ?b' n'':^yn tp3~' n3^?iDn n'^aiarn n?n nnnsj ib'sd 



14 



;y? Q'Nf'Qn -pson -im rjTxn D'-j'yn \^iii .mix a^jpn? Nimn-j' ly j^iDn ipaan 
n:;nn ,"'2: nDon insvz .noDDn'^ niip> pxB' nunsjn m'vn^' ri'jsnu'n inniBTii .iub* 
Din3 rno-in^" na^in unDin n"'X anm inii^ynn nny □; ,in^ -[in'? s'\s' ^e' iidiip 
iiDy'-j' -It msn inoDo ac i^x ? n'-sD nuc'no unpn pMnnf" 'nb't n>n i^x .irmB' 
nn'nu'i'n ?3P^i an^jsi' '■vjnn"' t^-in i^v a'D^n ?d uno ?n-i'yn mn' '-y pM man 
nx nu^noD DnjB" iinsn ? n^np f-:;' rnja mm s''n nsr '^d-v ? v?' yjo ntc- if'^'so 
im miD rrn'' sintr m ixin'' nppi:;'n lE^Djn nm ^^''t^"^ D'jt;' 'js? k311 'nx '^^is^s 
□'xcn on yno >nx .nr'npn nryo -yn 'xnns nvn? n^pann mia xin px .mox 
^■i;mn f'L" 'pn: laD x^'vin"' annxn rmoir'n ? nvxji '^ii^'T n3T ?t;' pnp V?]! -\3-^'? 
!■? iXKOc* no .p-i P3XD nraji miann vc fiiD3 nnj yna'i'i ,a'NT' a'j3 -\:n'? ,min 
no . . . ? nnyi .rn^yn did inin^L-'ni mna xin anaiyn n^a^'n ay ^iij: sf'tri a^na 
? -nnx :iD'n ix ? □oiprin'' navyi ty 'i riiDx'' ^3rn ? an ixn^L'o ncy 

iD^nnn: v-nnsa vt n« pdhl" i-r-JD nx r^nni rmp^ai nx psi i^pn '-yr iiyj-n 
XV10 i'xt;' -23 -13:^: xin ! lau ? nr nnaj n-j-yo nr^y:^ mix nvion nno it>x .i-inn 
xf' nxT ,nnnc'j iPtn ax .nin rrnn inix dx-^'-di mpiaa nx nnL'"i 1x13' an .una 
'jao .3"in 'ry3 i3iy mr nr x?n '3 3Ty:^ m''3'3 px □:^ix .impn'' inv xinc' niDix 
au':y3 3nynn^ x'^i ivn ja nioy:^ laao L5':^nn ;3^ -nryr no ni-ioo D':3n 1;^ pxtj' 

.r a'3^c^' x^c 

□•■DID HDy'i^'D m3;i nn 't :?y n^ai: o^^iy ntrixa yoB'n'p n^'nnn:;' .nf-ion 
niv-io3 ni'''?P3 y'?3J d^d-'D-i"' nivajo niri-o^ '?-^ ynin cyin .3imn nvpo nn>y ,nnnx 
□ICC n^ya nxija nmn^n i''3 nDcannc nyinnn .^inn npco d^'^'Od n-,jn:D lo'-ajt;' 
aniTna3 .n3i3Dno laaxnn-j' □m3c anax nixn;^ 13-ip nrn? inu3 xvd' x'? c'x 
.n3a'n3 D'auiyon a'Donn ami3n ^y anon i3ac' xr-x nr'iyn t-ian inyf' in'jcn x'' 
ni3'' n-^yinE;' m3CJ n^aiar nr;M ny'Dcn3 ?3xn -nn iif'n3 ncpmn tix3 noD |3x 
njni .nf-yj] x'^c ryn n^n"- ip'-nc ni3D3 i^o ii^j ni-133 n^^:-) nvn .a'3ci''n ^:'c> 
■T'n3n "iixn .mn^ ipm: a^j^ia a'lax nron nn3ni ,niDDm'j'n nxnp ,nnina n!'nn 
.inaoo vrv a'ln x'' 3-im ,nja3 avnuvn iaaa .amjD3 ynf' can 
nx an^xnn,, ,n3vin "-y pn "-c que nmann n-aa tmn !xai ",a'mn3 /lao,, 
. . . X3nn' x:^ ax r-ax u'^-o'i." nono x,n . . . ^n /n ,'n . . . ? nrn T'rn ""C nvon nny 
yrytD Pinva via xini ",n33n ay n^a a^nma x^c a'aicn amnixa v"ix ima :njn3 
la^r'C'n"' a^anv . . . "'xrxiy"' ?iX3 nciy nnx no ,rjaDa„ .mnn ^'^2 nx ^^■7-lnL•' a^avy 
nnax^o nciyj' mn paa '■? u"' .nT'-n ^c icxi vn: a"nxi ,paa',t:'n 'o Sv pn pn . . . "-x 
u]i'c> nn',xa paua -^jd mSnao niyaa yaa npaoni ",nycn nx r'onr^x pj .njioxa 
nx .nn' axe yn* X'ln .innpxa concn'? maio n^n^c noicn noa iwin pnaa ti>n 
.n;a D'aa mynn n^a coco nnna pxa .jna annxn imynp'' cxnn 
.an'^a^a mnyia ao'ya ix anin a^jsa ann axna yna^ ap ",a''3nx ,3iu any,, 
",?3n nx an:^ inp .npanna nun'? a'van 'xni3 onx ,mnip ?i;a X3f' if^xmc myn' x^„ 
pvn ,n3y n''3i3t jinx ?y Mf-n ^lyjo mn"' nnao '?\y'>iifi^ nnx .npMno nu''i33 s^Din 
if'3inc an'BDi nr^jno m''33 [••■a-c '"' nv„ .innT3 nipn3o fiD3 nnuo mc anua'' 
".a3ncp33 ncyx uxi niiv'' pn c 02"? .n?''nn3f'0 ?'3n I'c aa'' x^^n .nnp:? 
ann ^y lo^an ninonn ou'yn .lyj x"' an .a:TX yocoo a^omj noy anaxn 
^la'' x> xin a.i .ymcn annc 3nnn isaa .pan ^v c^uaa ono3 n3n 3ivpn ir-ipc 



42 



,nc'pnai riDf'int;' ex i:;'3DD nain n^noD .a^pn^ns mix ipm iPtn 'D2d '3 n^n x'vin!' 

.□nnx □■'yji -imy nnx ty nnr Din nm iti'3^ 
.anx PI ,anK ,ui"'y ddjivt d^di3 anx ,D'D'pnn Dnx .oanx pan 'JJ'«„ 
Di^iD^ anx irnn nx .uniD '?ya onix D^npi;3 ddx dd''jij;3 tn d^xvid uo'm ds 
T2n ^jx .nivin ■■a'x-ii n^'^'uno hdk'xd a'3i:i'n ,Tiy mins d^^'t pi uxti* ly tdbti^ 
n'L:nD ^jx ?ti^33 c'x aTrva a^rx ynn .nnp^ a^jxao anxi %n^a ^3 nx qd'? nn^ 
,iD-in ,1-13^' ,ivnj ,inp . . . ! nnix bj inp ? •'B'sj nx .a^nu^cnn tdd 'JX 'o D3? 
■noyB' D^y-iian ■•'?i-\^ •\'?s: nnmnn .tn^'^'na nnx myp o'OB'n nm na iini ",n''DtJ'n 
noxi vain !iy i'Sj nnx ?miDD lax pi .qjix^po Diiiy x^ myaDan ^ii'!^s i^'sx ,Dan 
n^a innn npji ninx .iidj ,vti'yao cnao ,ioipa .la^ao pnn ainc niyaoon nx 

.na;^ai!^on 
njaa if'cnDn ir-pra"- c-w ^ivpa .nn^x nnrn n^jiya an'^y a^^n xin oxnsi 

.naipon invo '?v ivava nyt nisD .dvx nyuna innm 
.an'jsa i^pd issua ?ipa a^yin "! ixv„ 
.n^'-in ?y yavxa innina ti'f'n ?'ipa iqdd mnx x^o '^nti'paa ,ixv„ 
i^^^nnni ,nr'pn pya iL"\nn rina anDiyc axvoa .dx"- dx;^ inaa nynij n^auan 
m-iD:^tJ' ti'Min xin .inyt n.iaDC' nam nnaona rjs a:iji isdd noy D'jaa .nrana du!' 
:iiDa .injnnc' yn^ xin .rj^ya pn max a^^na imoy ,inia'ti'n .njinnnn ?y it ,^vjc 
aixn nraiyf' inioaxa n^an xin ix .ia^ axa nr '?v x!^ .anaxni ann pa p'xin nya 2"? 

.i>io? ae'VE' 
. . 'JX1 ,nia.i nnx . . nnx"' -i\s yni^ 'jj'x , . x'-sj taxa njnjnn . . nnx ,pan„ 
nixnn'' ran xin .nyuvn ia^ praya .icaj nnyo v'-y niaja iqx ",a'C'x '-nn 'jx 
noj xini .'nox niaa r L-nn ^a nrnn i^c n^co ran xin .mix ivid xinc-* ntn dix? 
mat'- . . . nox nt . . . x; m^n ux ;xa ny ,pan„ .a^f-D n' >y vnia^'no ''a ni?j!^ 
. . . onnnD ^jx .nnnna '■jx ,pa-i .aynj npt^ .npc' inrt;' ■'jxin nt n''^'' .ni3:i 'jxej* 
mujn nx naao ^jxl- ynnc I'an pn 'Jx„ .nxv"- muaa nox ",niy nan'' ?ia' 'Jj^x 
,pan„ ,n?nn r'lyjo lan'-a ?i'Din ",pan . . . nnxa '3x-j' loa ^ovy nx i'- n'xnn . . . i^B' 
in.iDai ",^'7 n'?o ,i'an ,'"- nf'D ... ■•a'' poya aanx mnac' "rv . . ■ munna >y ^^ n?D 
nf'mnni nnn^ nvnann nia^ynn'' nainpi nxianoa nxvc' njpr mm nxn ai<'?2 n^nn nx 

.nnoD'in nnoB'D niaa^ 
.vn'' '>'vx '?v it;'xn lanna iniit^n ?vx ati" ann 
ninan nx nun'-o t:'oen nya nnat;' .nacnni c'n nnpo ,max Sany '?^ npa 
D'^Diayn an^^ya n' ?y innaj nvunn 'onn .nyirn ''■'? nnx DUdnn 'jd nx mp ,nono 
.nvno^ ?axni nvn ainnn ^y oao la^yn a;x inni ,njxi njx la^nnn D'onn nos in:iaaB' 
n'-a ninnxn nnDionn nnnnt^n^ noji ,nyj ,pjnD;^ itJ'xn sipr n^jy iti'ntj' duv did 
^B' naiyo p'oani ,nr>^DS>r: '?p ]\i>v paxnn nnx n^ao .nnion ^^nn nnn njDjnon unx 
nia;? la^na ann pn .:inj i;njaa ?an .njvni nynna nonn xvd'' nnjaty Dnipjx npn'? 
yn-i xi'tj' lyi nanf' nnt'' x'' xin .nn'-pa D'-vnan inn D':ixinn D^aivnan nx nxn nDjan 
Qnixni' ?jnnnc' nixnran f'a ,nrijnn ,Dman .t^'Mnn nooyco nupn .nan? invn inb 

.nyvai n^nna npD ,nnn lino npa ?aa 
.nx^n iv):^ T'Din iprni 



n ^ J 43 



,j ,2 , w iw iN ill iipa 

m 

,?nn vjuyni ,-infn3 ,y-i ,-i3iy Kin ntn D^iyni" p-oi -i'3a 'jxi N^nn nyn,, 

" . • . nxT ?D3i . . . '-nn 

porn'' DyoDyno /'mva,, xnp:n n:-in .n / ""c mso iino ':« oovn:;' ,nr yop 
nvuian rnicnn — imocnnn ns ,ini3j '-d d^'?'?-c'2 Dnnc f'lnnm jyf'n •'"'j '■^ nx 
.Q'^jinn im-jD 'dt iinn D^^n mnpjc nmn^n nvo'DDn dni ; nnryn it^Dj mjvDJi 

noni^n ns Tin^n nc^noi nu'^^o "nivo,, "':;' nj.inxn mrj-n id nxvrc* na^'-n 
□:i .n^N'^^nn il-sj ^y □^->'yDL" nvo''D2ni iiDO'Dn nxi n'' iinnt." a^onn r-c naunn 
D'm^ni D'-irnxn ''d lyv ns iDin ^n ;,3d nrriip □; /'D'^nn-pnn,, "-Dnc ion n^nip 
iDvyn nna'i □'■'nn mDnnn L'";nn n'-nip dj /^xtj^h uian ''c nyvn rinni-n:^ e'P3M 
Tpdh no^'C'c' ^jaf' -□"'ix .hjicd mntsxn □''nn ^n on'nn x'.n dj ,p^i ; n'-yinn dido 
,nnn''n nim'-yn ''ip nx ux □'yorj' ,':-\an nnnn njnnxn n^iyon ;^y icon nx tiid 
B'aj-n-nn nx ux q'jooi /javyn u't' 'D'j otn ny /f'^'^n n.n^n pai nx ux Dixn 
."nxt '?D2^„ D'"'D2 nro'jan an'mL-^T "-y nnmo nnaiDL- noixn 

,"miyn„ ma^Dn ,xia [yf'x ijix ^-c n ^x -una :iE' inapE'n nx Vit'? nai: ax 
vn ^c Dnn.in ni^n^n pa — onvon-pn xinc's pinxnsj' ,nxij "The Raven" 
nrn .lavy-imn ?y -iide' n-cyji ,iDyD ja^' oyoDi ,n-i"'V'n n.ijD ijn xiip xin ,D''p''yDn 
un^a* ,nn [o' ''^s'' nvB'jxn nx^n pa ^^^o: n'ntj' ,mnDn ^D-nn p^'non i^x xin nan 
nym ,-i3nt;'D xin . . • n^jDin nxno pii i>^ '^^''^ .n^jri'iDt;' nro^oa pno u^xi yir 
naDi;„n nx nDii" xin ,innpn ninp>nDn nivni'-n vnicnn '^x d'-'-bdj ":i'xn-''D'D„K'D it3 
p^'non ,nT3i m^^ y;DC' no ^d nx vnui onnoi ,xj]m x^i^nn xvr .i^c "m^^'db 
nx fix — nin^ xin -ijin .n .•> ,a^ix .nip'JHDn rnnv nx natJ-o xints* 1210 ,?'DDn 
ninni^ imnc jnj-m nnxn nx c'^'jin ,n''nvjn noixn mrx ninni — ■'JIvp nvp mn' 
.an'' D^xia '?iXL" Di^iyn anmi nniD^ c^s.' pnn .id^-i ; D'XDion rnx 

nrn naion:;' ,nDif' ^dij /noL" laix; n^nnn nrn^can nmo' nx nxn'' nvij ax 
IDOD»' mnn vvn naxa ,af'ix .nnn^nti' ni>axn niUD'om ninvn niavnon nx nxi 
,-ivnvn 103 ,p'?i ; nvnvn pjj nx no'' xin .nr^n nmn"' siynoo ,njna ?c inrcix nx 
•innn 'jn 'ja"" . . . nnv^'-rnx 'ja'? mix lait:' x?x -n'ona uxd nx xnj U'lx xin 
□'ni?y a^K'jx "-y naao xin ; njico nintDxn n^nn nixnion vxmp nx njyn xin 
mnn^ .•'^?3 noxa xinc nnyn TH'n ^b' nys ^-yi ; inioaxi anxn na'l'n '?y ; d^jdddi 
i^'XD i?xn 3i?j?ni 3y:^n '''';ii ,a'n niB'yjnnn n'jxD wj'pii'a a^'-t'Dni n^ntDiXDn rii23 
,nie'3jnn-^x ''d ,aiDi aio ^d d^jmi a'''';iD i>xn ann^n .noinn en amx anmo 
pn^o noma an ,af'ix .nmn^n ninn^n nxi ,n'?:j ix mnaj ax pn — nx^'no !73i 
iT'x'' ynv u'xi ^dd idipd3 nyjn n^aopc' ''C o'-onn 103 ,a3^ pvi nx ^^yan ^x x^xin^ 
.miann oac'D nx nn^ inion vnit;'j:nnn vnia'xc'o na'-XB' 



44 



T -■' J 



/"fityoa,, niEon un D'xvioc "Nnr:y x'-rx a^iv nnni poo tiu \)aa„ yi^' iryin 
ni^-i — nDjnsn non njin .n .' nx np'jnna' nniK'n inrn n^xB'n nx ■\2^}s'? rvo 
viv ajn'jn nx ^d □''poa rnicji nx V3o xinc •'Sdi ; ^vian ^b' Djn'ji Q''-nn''n 
nx Tivo xin ,("-ivnn„) pnnnn py-p: pn poxn"- v■^v^ ,n''nnn nxn ns 133 iniyn 
nvnn oiK'sn nmvn ?^ rnrrn nxi ,5/11; ^^n nyav2 n'pn xin i?'X3 o^'ivn i^^nn 
nnun .^nn-i^a n^i'^i dov ^dv^ iniQ'D'i 'ininn3''t5'3 i^^'sx ,nnnn muui' pprjn 
ncinn nx pan^ D''^;nnD uxi ,rnnx iJ3 n-niyo ("Dnl' n-3,,) anion''i o'^yian inn; 
i''3p nrn ^xn^x? vj-ej nipvcnen ro^ ;^3 Dyo3 iDa^xnjm iud^^x^vid n^ntj' ,-i3iDn 

.I'xntj''' nx3 inrna tPisD nx 

D'nQPon niDoni nviapani ,n!i'xn-ni5u norxi nxiu nrui^on i^^on o^^nn ^ro 
lovy 'JD3 tonoon aixn niS'jnn av niaiLDvnn u^'numc'v nirno ^v r'-nn'-D unix 
njJ3 nj-i3 ^E' nxnon ,?'v> ^nj^vK' ^22 ,d?ix .unn .n .^ "'K' r-iiaoD xvidi non i?3p 
D^mjn nix^no nx mn ^x jbdb' tj"x nxno x^n ; mn'' nxno x^n ani!^jn D^^nn-mmx 
mix Q'vjioi a'33vo "nxT ?33i„ o'l^^on ?3x .nnyn uisn ^e* nys nxi anjoni 
•mrri xin rni^iys nvyai rnuti'no osyaE' nao ,'3Dnn nrn^o 



Sg^H ■^KtS^Ti 



1 :: tt 



n7"'svn -ai2^ 
Daip i:sD 



CIS riiVmi 
.ncD^Dnc 

n"""!;! nmN'7 
.niT ,nityD 



no 



n- ^ J 



45 



,'?3 py"' HM^jn nn:nn ^y i^c-' m^;n n:^'^!" nx ,yiTD ,DDnD ppv^'p npy^ -i"in 
Tnx Dy px ,^^'0^ .n'^D-inoix n^cyji nj^in nnnn '-d ico^ unix ^D^p:^' umint." 
D'^nsn vpin iDon non^E' □'^cux D^Pim a'^njo i^ k'^ci "ay„ am STJn:^ nxin 
umini ,nt;''?i oy r'D f-vx unxo T?npnj i^'-n □''pinn .'idi ,"njjn n^, /'nvin x^„ 
oyn-nnx'' iijjn) 'dix'' idio my hidid i'xi uny"' pi mnvon n^oix^ min n:ia nxv' 
'r>xnt;"n -ididh f-c in^n px id'd^i /cux x:^x ,{'oit<'' icio "ixcn xin ijididl" n:;'inn 
inr ,nTn naion nai 's'' .a^oyn pn n^aix^ m^n^ iinn uoy nx "'nnn^'i p'v"' nn? 
,D''Dix:^n D'j'jpn -ixK' nx iin^a T'trDn? ?"jn nnon f'^'jn i:oy ;^''nt;'n inivn nn^nn inn 
D'j'jpn .u^'-y nysc'ni nDin vrno d'iI^d Dma'y^i ninixf' nmni dudx ,nDB' ,nx : pjs 
.n^nuinm rrjnan nijrvn ''X inx -yv pi ntD nncno imm — an a^nix^ a^}v'? i^f'n 

.irnnx mxn nunnxn d^jl-'H icDn ijjit."f' nn-j'y:;' ni^n^n nx o'yiv u^d 
.f'x-it;'' V"ix2 1D1PO nx ynp nnyn -Don .myati-nn aivy i^jpf' dl- n:;.'yj 'inyn mrin 
nn'n mxn .n^noni 'ynon niMxn on^nn^v^ nx nc iiv'' irvix"- a'f'iy unsio nn 
IJnnan ■'jt' in u"' dp ina ac .n'lny"^ ia;iin D^nvj'nn nnDon r-D .nny disi:^ taion 

.1DX nsc' :^y3 nnny f'y 

? 1 J J 1 c '' ^ L" n 1 ' n y x n ' no n ^ i ; n :^ n x 

D'^nnc'on nroix:^ nrmnom a^nny D'^in na^i hod n^i:n nivixn arc" ,vm'^ 
nsc-o p-i x^ ysc'D mui pjp nmcy:^! natj'n nx cnn"' nD Qn:^^';:;' no i^ri mc-y'' 
niyivpon thxd nr>3pnnn "'n; pnv: ni-nx a'jB' 'ja^ nnnyn n'-nj nnnn mvixn .nDon 
.(DMi'^ip) Q'mnjn ison ^nn mn: d:i (D^iipD-'^n) a^jij^nn ,D"''''Dn i2Dn \nnn □'f^nn 
an^o^nni ,n'n naeo ti'^^'n nx ac ono^'o .ujicf- iia^ ^y r-xi-j" 'jd o'ipiu- annc' 
nx -niy;^ ni^inco nnyn lyun nrmnon n; .txd nnnyn nx nnvim o'-nnno 
D'nny o'ljiny dj djc''' .nti'axn '■33 imn d; una^o tj'Dncn'?! xipi u^nn^yvi un^yv 
.l^xia'i nx 'jiny!^ oa-iyn □■'y^jo dj'x 'd fix ,n'?):r] mvnxn 

ninnannn n^xn ijx-c nxrn moipnnn ^3'?i i^^n □■'i-oxon ^3'? ^n; i-iy -j" pian 

.nim tx3 nnnyn 

13 i3 nnyn nmni iio^n nvann D'xjnni x^n nn3J 13 ^3 nn'non — □:^ixi 
nmn uoicf' nx Q^yir uiao-^nn nx Da^'on □'■nnyn an^n^nn .Dncoio ■•n^ni d^cp 
i3x ,DC' anDil QHC nrtyiin niJiK''?n nx u^vnv "Dr'ipD-''''n„n n^o^n ■^t^'xa -\nv 
□n;^ pxti* Diii'o Dnjro nx D'n3iE' nr av ■'^n n>3iya ''X d'djsj anB'3 nl'x p n?x3 
•'T'f' onix nx'30 an:oixr n:^x an ^''3n jo o^xvr .nrryr n'ai"3 nmf"! xip^ 'xja 

.lif'H niBB'a t^'lot;' 

nnny -\2i'? ^'?^'n^\- n^un uoy :^r a^nn-in a-jionnc -w""^ n-i^'p ! i3 ^a "■y ?ixi 
"laoa Dj .n:^'? njcn nninni I'^n if" nnny anm^n -laon f'3x /or-nrn [nroi xcan 
inn^Don nc'x mnati'o a; ^xiu nj^nn at;'! nai .f'-ir nnyn nmn ninai nni3xn 
.jn'nnn nnyn imn nx njjnjn na'n ujit^f-f' nmn 



46 



n ^ - n j; n n 2 2 n t: n - -i id* $2 



tnl^ vBHi T\^^"? mTi\BrA 



.N 



px .DnoiDD D'?iJD3i DionitD D'QJD3- D''Dmj nnn ^^01 nvEj'iJxn '>v na^'non 
.-i3J D'^'Ki ^3 '^-^if nmnn pinn Nin a^^iyn o^^ic-n n^n^n pinn .ninnn pxi a'pin 
D'msio nmpn nnys iiy n^B'ux nnci Diot's'Dm pnn ?int3;^ loanj x^b* d'^jop a^ay 
.an^oca D'jnn diph-'didd dvd osn dh'B'kt nx p^in'' 
,Dnin'n ijk .^txry^ T'ya'n oya ^snD u'cyj omnin unjx n n^Dia^-njx lorn 

.no'K'D^i ra^ o^'Jinj ujn nivixn ^33 tiisoi itiso ,p')tD ''n?3 ,m!^ia '''3 ay 
nsiti'D iiy anyi3n amn' ,c'X3 B^Jii^D anin'' □■'n-n3 D^>i3L"ni a'3-nn ?3 '?v 
nicnjixo on'' pi ,ani;D ni^^uan ;^3 ,a:^''3t>'3 nioian aomn "^3 .avn lyi t;npDn n^ 
a'o^ojn amn^n ''lo ayr ^va nn^no a^ry .nNji-i ;^y-i niSDU nui^''' ,1^1x3 mi^.^^: 

.ac'Dj '■y 
pP . f' X T t< •< r T >< — : novxn nnjn n3C'n iin^ njjnon m^n'' iix-pp 
f'B' a''nnnnn i-n nx m^xn n''n;in cnpon n'3 j-ny3nD no^''^'' my mxcjL" n "iin 
mpnn ,nnnn "'3 3''3 nj:p nnx r"ix3 n'Dis^ nmiynn^i n^ixj"- n'n'L-'Dn nipnn .ayn 
^y aPiyn Ty'' aa nann nxtn nn'D3n ,^130^ n3n nx njnj x^ni i^on nooiy nxtn 

.n'V'r^3PJ'xn ■'jiyoi nnn^D' npiD 
\-\V> aj rc3y a^'ix ,idt >331 in ^33 n^c-'on nnna y^vi n iix pip "-l" mis> 
i:^!i' njinnxn niao ,nnnn nipn — ^"x .n3ym n3''in n m^n'' iix 
nioyi nsiun nno'to nx nrso n^^^jjx ,n'3r;i2i n'ni3in nx ntnca 3ny . n j 3 a 3 

.a^uuiona ^aix^n nun 
DiMjyn ,nnnn 5'3D .Dn^c> 3von^ aovy anin^n an'' xin arx un -i3in a^ix 
■'ijB> ^y noj? Bi3B'in aj^K an .a3VD> i^jnan am am3 nx ic"nn a^paia ^n''3n 
mti'nN3 an'^y n3n'jn nvjyTsi nrjy-112 ^3 bi''3po an x'-x ,ay3 nianyo nnti'i :^xnt;'in 
.a:^iyDi rsn .xj-i-nonpo nvn^ nnv n^n -js i^f<3 13 ''3 'y^D I2ix3i 
nxi33'? nncyj '"x .-i3n aic' njnc': x;^ n-mx^^n n^nnn ^t:* n^y3 '"X3 aj 
,ni3'3-in ,-iiy3n ?3 ^'ti' m3yn ,n-iiD3 n^voj^Bano .a"ni''jn a^nni nn;n "'t;' nu^^nia 

.''n3-i 3'3x-Snr' DV3f'jno T-ixn-^n 



47 



x^ ,XD X? ■'''pn-1 njc cvc .D'f'Dn my nop x^r-i^i t^'u^n ^^^n aipoa 
: nvn? inv n'n mvsnc □'Vi^n dipd3 .ncvos s^i nE"j3 si' ,ncj-in3 x^ ,nD''i5n2 
niD'sn ay nnjno-ian nx^ y':n ,ayn niDiyo inci nn'-vn m^inn nms •■an nne- 

.n^on pin Nif'D2 nroj-i;i'DN 
.t^'^^^ arc^n a:;'snn? ?'nnn 'ni?:in p^pin .n'oix^n noipnni inncn inn 33 
n^nnn ^jvj ns ^•'yini'i ■'"xn dj ysysl' '^'-nnn ni^jn '■;;' irs-ini nic'nKn ^ti* D-ixn 
aj''S nDj> antr nno? tiu^K'n pin TDsn □"OD'jianDK noj .a^is^^ li'^nnn n-\o^ 
D'tJ'jxn .nB'n 'jso^ "^siti''' ni^'-o,, ae' 'J2o nnnsn on /xinsn mipsn^ Dna'3iD 
iB'yj on "iDi'j' nsnn^ ^ipu iiy aii^-jn nninx nxo:: nrmf'sn noDin nonn TiTN iJ-^n 

.nic^n •■rnjD'' 
niyns o^ynis ncnnn-npTiyn nnnyn m^ion a; .yii I'-in nvon DTir^i 
mn'-n ^yaon i'D^ nspt?*: nsnu nj3D .k'sd nf'iy mni b'13-ii a'nnj amn' pmnu 
yUD^ n'n -l»'s^? .niviann ^33 □■'jiyon anin''5'i nnnn nipn ?d? dj id iinoi '"sn 
roiN prn ,nDt' ntj-m i^nx ,n!^n3 njDonE' nno5' rt^Dy ^■'^in? 3"3 icasi mynsn ••jaa 
Tx "D'pTn nrn^, : ir nyEj>2 aiiy^ nsi mvan nx ira' aie^n ij3i nnn dn pi .v"ioi 

.muD nTi3''OD n^nn'' dip'' ^^di: 

.3 

5ini irx Nin ,xirr-i3 ?b> n^ixjn prn^ OMJon D'jnnsn "nuvj^n nnx„ pt 
p3 I'js^a Tn^n lyn id3 i?in„ xim "nat^ x^'B' inxn,, xin .nt "nj^an nn„3 rf'3n? 
13? ."tf^x px nann ?yi a'' 3?3 nj'so •'Jcd axn xini nn'?io3 nipioy D':w:"n mno 
.""iyB'3 na 3fi3n ?ip3 i^ip ix .dtid 3i-i lajs nnx .nyt^rii □^ycn 'a;^D„ Ton nmy xin 
B'Ki nnnSnnn !i3 ay ,13? an ?3 ay ■'"x? X3 j "; 3 3 ^ n ; ' 3 v ' n i x 
5i?D? ,rn?ion nonx nx niE'^i nuy? "rn^nj? ?iyiDD njo id3 nin3 ^i;„ i3c K'-ipn 
.li'is ayn ?3 lyo? 3?-an3 itrnp^i nnvi 331 ?d yt''3i a-!3 »'i33f'i 
,ypiDn 13 ,w mo a^yiv aj^x nipi3''nn„K' na-'X iVV3 ^in in aip'-tr nip 3"vx 
"1^8113 ■'XII,, mo maox ax lyi' xr'i ; nman U'x a'jiaya ?'?v ,"ipn i3'x na 3?sni 
nx 'n3J3 Tx maox ax lyn^ x?i n'on xpb'idxd mo nnaax ax lyni x?i ,ni?i?3 
fix u p^B* nD3? cnino ay ,-idi!^3 ."nooB'n ?y -113? ■'13 ,mojp ny n^'3'?iao a'f'usn 
n^'B'on ai^n ,mn3n ai^nn 3a nxna ynaf" a^ix ; tj'aji sii3 \i>3n ■'C'an xmaf ,ni?'3no votj' 

."X3 x^, xin xi^x "nmx iiyoo a^o X3n ay„ ?»• 
n^iyn in n-ia ^3 nxnp?' ,yiD3n ::'-n vv ^s nxnp? t^t;' nmc" "ni3r3?n nnx„ 
noE'sn^ nm3i ddi3 na^vi noyE' ,iT'f'xna'^'-''V"ixn E'ocn nixi m''ion nonxo 3513?? 
,n'B'on f-B' vmyDa i'lp nx yoti' m^ion '^'■'33 n?^?B3 c^oan nio?n3i nnnn iitn 
; njncj x7 i3n aic' .a^'i^si ■ie'3 nopn nx Vwj'3? bid nsij n'E'on ptne' axna nxn 
,r3?i ni?y nxi^ "'3^' nin'''D3 a^ja joio .B"i3n nriai'o B''y3a'3 tiyptro noK>'? m„ ayn 
reo ,rK'3 31-13 'jyjsn i3 p^v niiin3i vjtixo f-vx nijpnrn ni3T3 am ao inu xm 

."^nuif'^'xo ^'31 oniD ,^ypnpo an? x'vio ,v?o3i 
B''3Dn3„ 31C a^'-imm .nmiynn x? ncnn no'j arc .unc': x? pxapn ,nit^^'nxn 
,anm'3 m33?i ni3D? .a^opun la^y '3 ,ayrn isc'tioi a'an3on ?3 mm yonoi ano a'n33 
xm B3 n^t^Di npioy npim ■'"xi ; n'3no ni?D-3i a^^itj'i nvun n3B'3 ■'oy 'J3 'n'xi 

."niXDi-i3n ?3 p3 ni3?o n^om a^non ao^on p3 



48 



jK'HB' lao niK^xon ns nxn irx "inx ^is . . . "n^v ^'n^ Dvn "iik3 ipid-j pdi2 •'jvj^ 
niDipo3 i^iDxi ."nnayn '"t<3 □''?•'3t^'^1 n^DTin nois ^33 Di^E'n xin sin n:n p^ 
.HE'VD^i n3?n^ an-iic D'^nyn ^sie" dv? niD^oni nnnn nt^npn q^c-iipo- 
ns nxn ■niB'Dn .m^ioa vns!' nnoiy niyis ,ampnD '"s ■'oe'B' nxn 3"vs 
■•PJV ^c'3 IT n''n D'f'njn i'Dcn .□'oc'i ii ^^sd ,no?S3 nn3n s^ \:i> uii': tiv„ niK3n 
"'DnaDn2„n nii:iDo D''?3nn d^ix ."D-'^'E'ni '0^3 □•'jjy ,n?njn njin^ ':« Ti'^ni ,D'n{j' 
I3n-i3 .X31 c'DU'oon nxi c^mnon ns nixn^a la^ynn niooisan i!i'3n-nnsi ■'jvpvn 
— ii-iN^ 3^ ''xntj" ayE' m3iyn ay D'^a'n x^ xin ,nj x?i ape^ x? 

1^'QX yac' X? DJtx ,Dnnn p3 Brnnon^ 3^ idb' x^ D''DD'Jiu"iisxn D'rnjon 
,X3"nx ."ij'3''3 nmn'm i^vix x'ln r^yn•^>'?2„ iyj3 '3xt ^33 -iBJion orxn "lorn nx 
]\i-\ii„ /'n^oix^-n njno,, t3t ^y iiiD'2 niyuioi nnrn niyi iv^^n -■>13'33 .a^rrijan 

."npi''n„i "piniB'o 
-IXIP -ii^''"' ]Vi^7] ^v ,niD'3 niyuiD pnc i^^'n n1y^^ nioax ^y nxio -niB'Dn 
D'UiDin a^'n ivi^'? nmn^n '1^3 n!^y x? ntn -i3TnB' [ot3 amyn id3 'xis ay ay n^ins 
IB'os 03in3 njB'i nni3; rrrimn xjiio ^y nnyc onixjn o^xan^xn a^oyn dv 
.omn^n >y nixiu mami -i^d-'H ?i3E'3 aipo n^n nrT';i o:p ^t? nx3 ox .o'd^c nnn 
iiy DHB' ,i"x3 ai3nyn i^vx nnpi^ ?3r nrn -i3TnB' m^n'? n^n no3i no3 nnx "pv nn 
noj^ pi3nn x!' sic^nc nr> 10-12 i^i^n onrnn nuvynn .no? u'D-inna ,v^inn3 oy 
n^3io ni'n? Ti3y? iio?„ 3r.i"n-'J3 .a-i3-?iDi D3B' miB'3 nt33i poxni 
,"a''3'ix 03'' X 3-iy '3xr ,d"'3ii O3 iiti''^ iid^ 
: iiDXi ipnvn "-jin nu^B'a ':2t3 nnaL" a^rnjon .niy-ian Vj-ia ajoxi 

"na ■'■J^AB Til) ■?3M\ '71\'i "JIH 

^^m !'xi ;i?p ,JTn 'm^ ny3TX„ .na nvia px a^ix ,m3a'aji ni3!'in niyian ?3X 
m?3 nx ■'X . . .„ ^xiE? ;"i'xi ". . . noB'j nx„ ''lof-Di laoni cjiin oi' or ,tinjx 

"? niD3 n3 Dnn n^ip na 
,D"i3n nDnx3 o'y^3j a^non,, — ni;'i3 id3 niinnon ^3^ a^CMX on •'"X3 nmn'n 
niyoT inix„ jn niyoT imon inti'^D »" axi "•■"x? a^^f-anDi D'?3n — cnni d''3P1j 
,3iPDna3 D^n-i3 'mxy ,mi3P nnx ,a''3n3 '3n-i on3j 'ry3 ,nnDjn nnon on^' 
ny siponaa cnnn: x^ -i3t dw ,njnB': x? 131 oit? ."a'^t^n''3 dji — pid'B'B3 
— a p J '3 Q 1 p : J X ? 3 O 3 J „ ?y a'tn3D a^jr^yn nnDinn .a^J'ti'n' 
."n3Xicn-n'3 nnoB» 3Ty ?vx„ ainj^3 d^ix "n3yin 
^'\n ayr ^b* 3'3B' nt^x n^tj'nn rr'jrp'p nxno pya pn ii'x nyotj'j a^aya? axi 



1 ' J 



49 



i'2 'oij voD Dm ;;t?Dn m: n':ir?r an .riini:: □>nv-iD> n:DD ps .mD-L^^ □; D'yTi^i 
niDn^ a^y-r,, anin^ni;' D'yir Q^a-iym a''?;:sn ". . . i;jn poo Nin d:c' ayrn dj,, 

."Iti'ian 
□:''N' an -v "'do □■S": n^"iin'--j' ;ot: nt^-^:* zvcn isix nt'sn .x'^sno :"vx 

! D'suc mn xf':^ amn" ; ij'svy nx nnx: ,nimjjn nns riDx: '3 tor X2 , i x d 
D ' 1 1 n ' n -I y !!□'•: i : v .inrj-^!"' -nn' ^^: p:; nn n'H' ^2"' !^nD ''x =in3 

nrc ^x !nin' ed? ^ot ''X,, : a't:"-xni a-xsipn a^^y^n nmn'^ xnip -niL-nn 
ni'-np D--n'n-D't:'nDn my irSu" D'cn 'j^;d ppn^D ni"'np'' 'ly ,an3i2? an.iiij pn 

". . . "lox — M'?^ ^-\pn 



mf'; I'lx -x,, .m'';n nvan tj'xo yn; n^: "2 xin '"xn n-ij^n-j- xvtd iiTLi'Dn 
n;in3i ain n^yniD n'T.n'i inx 'x ? htj □''X^ ;-in ^-t ny^ix nm .nri^j D^ync': 

■"?nTnno niUD -in-L^M rix in^x r-cni njisn vn ;Tn 'm^ ny^nx D^pnT.yi 
-Clip nx ,Ti2D3 nmn^n ?»> n^pjyn n'-krajn mnjn nx nim'o ;-i3r-i; '3:i nix 
"-inx„ nxnp3 iot 5'33i in >33 nunf'B' nnno iin!' mvapn nx ,D"ni n"n njc3 □»•- 
i:jn„ : n^pjy ^'B' nnn nniy'r' a'lDjj >e' in qvd ijjne' nxn xin txi □r3 3SDn ?x 
— D5 1X31 D'-iyn ■'rv'? Q'"7\ ij'jhp d; tx o ,n"n nJ:^'3 n^ij3 iiDjn mn' ?3d a'3iaj 

."nvij n'E'on prni ij?3k' 
x^i miy nx i-3'i;'l" ani-3n 'ry'' a'D-ii:;'i a'ynji onpiy a'nj'3 a'3-iyn 

: nr ''y imx ;-i3jn; '3i' mx .acoii an^n ^v njjn^i 3ip'' ann- nx ua^x 

ii''nA'7K n\r\^ \M \rr\MH„ 

nx n3X cmn^n : arj'3 xin -i3-!n .nrj'nxni px2pn n3"D nx v~y Tirj"2ri 
aj'xi a'3:^yj„ nrn> n3B'3B' -i3i? nt ncyj al'vx lan? ,D''3>yj arx an /'nuixn ^'n„ 
"xj3>3 f"x iin' "-'x,, : "3X2c„n '2a nxnpn ."d''3'B'o dj'xi anain a-yoit;' a'3:^iy 
.D'2imni a'2n'; 'yo f'3?' ni>j3 a; a'f^ji rn an x^n ,BB'n aic' an''!^y n-ciy nrx 
xin "n'3- 3;'3„ nrn"- -in3i D'-juynn ?33 dxoi nnrsn ni^ti'3 nvn si'tr 3"vx 
HD'^B' oi^itrn "n3:n iDiB'„n nx xib-j^ ^131 U'x xin ,p3!^yi lu^y ^3? tj^jin '-rn^n 
.y'3-i^i ^•''?&'i> ,ni'na^ x^i no^nio no^B' n^ixj3 nvn xin '3 ty ,m?it33 anvo •'!'3 
. . . -i;' nxn xin ,p'V3 ni^u f'tr p^ynn ay a'^cn? ''13' x^ ■niti'Dn 



50 



. . . nrVTOA "\^1«\ W^\>W : W'2. "Jl 

^3n .inv'pti'a ^:&n irn nva idd u^jan ^^^^-c n-: pjn yc< nvon nx nxn -nican 
ayn n^ ns d'SIdi nmmn □'nninDn Dio'iUfici an? nur^r' n'3 njinj '"n ,umana 

.D'aiy nn^^D? nl'ixjn av ns □'•nn ipcn 'X'nji 
! n V P 1 :;' n x , d ' ^ c i n ^ „ : mjrj^n -nx„ n^D nvaino npyv 
-lp:^•^-l^<'3J .D'^^uni a^^'^'D^n p-\ " ! ■• x t i a ^ j e' fi :^ }< ^^ n y p i c n x 

nanp hd n5iix:int5' idt3 ,D1?t^'n' ^b* nnypK'n mxil'i iioy? Dv^< no::! . " a o 3 n 1 
: iDiN ■nitJ'Dni vai p fi5'n ^an nii nu'D^x «'?& ivdd dI^ix ,5iDn >y loy 13:3 n':;'Dni 

. " n a 2 n ^ c niD^nn pix qixii xr'n t<B'N 
nxnpn dj ,p'va D'jjXK'n nx n-niyn nj3''N ,nxTn ncxun npytn d:i q''1!< 

^'n'- iDQnj n''ix;ini n^:;'an '''xn^x nnn m''in^ in3B' xirria '?& nurjl^n 'D'^b 

."^nnn unnK,, nvnssN-KSnvnujXE'n 
l^no 13J riD"''' .nnrn njj mnt5';^ "nyi^ni d'veti ^d^d,, tidv^ avon sin xiu 
D^is .D^jyi^'i nmo ''123 Q'lnix uj nDiyon n^n^ ,a:^:>' n^np^ip naj Dni^nl'i ninnn 
i'S ,D3^ 'E'm ^'D ,rmnn ^in "-d nx uip'' ;i2D xin 'd ,rnnN nitry^ '■n'' iJ'x 3"vn 
'?22 tj'x ninn?2 i^yty o'K'np a^jyj nnn ?t;' nncjn •'Dut ?3 ,Qn''3iD3i Dn^nin^D^ 
n"'^xiE>''n nniDDTin ^c msipnn I'DD D'3!^E'ni Q'sxDxn '?2 ns may inoK'j .nvi'-jn 
Ti^'Din 'jx : inoB'j '^15^3 n« iddd lovyn inm'on .mo nnipyni mx^nni D"ijyn nm 
n^ona ,nsixi uatj'si ,tisd31 xoni . . . xon!^ ■'C Tixnini dio'o-idxj d'j n'z n'-jxn 
Timii ^riDPK' ny nmn nnn ^nmmi D^'n nnn ^ni^iji nay'' nnxj ^jip'j^n pl^iam 

."D'''o''E'n'n mjrj^;^ 
" n P 1 D ^ : iJTxa ^iinn-iiy D'ypu n^^^nt:' 'Jioys,, i)V^ nnx xin -nityon 
umiD ^n32 nyn "n^vn ''y □u'n nx pe'Ji psvon n^niSv 'jai yiDt^ ^^: n:„ xini 
: "XJ1PJX2 D^DUxn '^^5 pin„ nx tx nxi ,"p^'2ni n^^-on,, DL"ipa n^nc ''y njy?- 

\ ■'TAH r\M'5"?n ■ " " ^TSH r\M'?'5n 
\\''\^^\\ ■n\n\gT\ T^^^^\B'7 ax^i iir\""5iiy 



51 



. . . ■n^Un TA3\B'21 BOl^Tl 

: nx-ii3 n^i33 nnjiun 

"... TA\r\inH n\)i m^n"? r\\i\)>"'nTA a-;h ■?:) 

o'l^E'iT' ''C "lyvn 'on?3"n: at . . . ■□'•j':n nuipi !^xn nno 'n2:„i:' yir -niconi 

a^ /3X ins Sx nnx,, nxo at^xnn "D'^or'tvi-i^n nur;?,,? mac' -nia'Dn d?in 

n?o?'Don nun — mar-n mion ? ai'in 'xua 'nxvo noi nn^'O c'sn'' ^nxv ux,, loix 

."ivv? n:n xo^f"! pf'iDa 

,n?i; ns ,Ti-n?rx ,nn-3 i^x .vb" px„ n'^xn^^-'vixn mx^von nx nxn j"vx 

nj3Dn ."2-iyi nnvj ns ,nnv3n pn — dc '?:?x nx nnyoa n^UD irvn n^u 

. . . "ns f|inn f-y ijipst d^v noD ,XDn nsD ,Tnx ^si nnx xan x'',, n^n; inv x^n ixd 

n?3: niin'' cxi □12 „ XTrrns nix3V m'-j' nj:TD ;"vx "'i- imz 
an-oiDn ,nDipn n3D:n usd i?id xin id^i " d 1 p n n t i n ' r x 1 □ i 3 1 
nnx in p-i c'ts' ynv mtyon "i-i^n^ 3'vjn usa ns Dn'^E' p ,T"'"i3n US'? o^ni^jn 
— x-in nxn inan^ n^is' omn^'n n^xa* inx mpD2 pt ,n33iDon nmn^n n^xc tnna^ 
,a?'ix . " D ' ? t:' 1 -i ' X ' n — n j 1 t n x n "• 3 ' „ , ? x i f ^ V "i x" 
: irini "d'hc xf'i nnx nox,, u"C nyi? u^ c" ''"X3 

IX 111 n'3 n 13^03 — nDvyM n-ii:;o ijosti'o 

."n'n3y ni3f'0 id^ji^p nsin? 

.nxrn njnjn nrujxnn nx inyo uj'x mx f|Xi nT? 3? du' x'' inx ^ix >3X 

.m'oyon 3'3X-Sn3 m'^J3i titJ3 anniD DV3^:n mn'' ,Dn^'3iD3 D'?3nn 



52 n ' 3J 



Ti'J\l"H\\ "VU1\ T\A"\^ir\ HA^:)! TnTilTin 

•mjn Ti'JA^n ^ii \^ niin \)\b' vm 

•. Tli!91A ■Ql'3\ T\iTH\ I1V13 T^H ■\\3\A 

. , . ■QV\B'3TS '?1AQ\A AilffiH BB'3 
"X\V'3H"':i\T) Umi AH . . , 1^^ TllBl -.QT? TA^BTIW 

Ti^nvi r\T''3\B nriAB'} iJ^'o^wsg w\\i\ nn,, 

T\A\)U mi"H K'\\ ramW VH — ? Bn'J\B TMAVA^ 
."TWvATJTl Til) "JZITI im^ H^V\ T\M\r\"r\ TAmRTA 

-DTK SIX JT'XOi'y KD''^ DJ„ ,qii3j;b'd Tinnii'n? d'vi- Dnnx a'DVC pan nnyn nyun 
nr — DDj/^ m3?o ,di?u d''JV^o ptnr nn in .moEj'an jt'^ddi an?' pio na ,Dnnj 

ntn3 niB'J i'sin .nuvvn K^n tain vivpo . . . ? onns n'-^xn^x p^dd^ ptn nds 
rtj'jxi DsiQsn ?3{< — nE'N3 a'snt^Ji D'3?in in Dnniy D'-vi^n ; nurvn ^tj- n^K'xnan 
n noun nurst^ x^Dno urx n-nc'oni ."d''J3^ non ,i"n a'stB'j aj''N (n^rnjon) 
njna3 o^^nn nn nx no'jao hjj'ni lyun 3? ns n3cnD njj^s ,D't;'j;D^ n3'"no njrN^' 

nyian pi3 nv3 nj^'x !?v"in ntnc '^Nniunun nonns naxi innE'n nyun,, 
nrtDi njifj ntt px . . . n'n3^oD s? dji n^n^K'n njj^x . . . nnvD'j£33 nmn "innsj' 
n3£3na •'Siy n3nn i'n ,n''i;3 p3"iy mj^' px .riTiDN n'oix'? n-'nn ^b* e-npn nn3 n''Jion 
n'ni^'''n_D''^Dy n?UB'3B' it nmn-' nDiN3 hdjoj-i n3ipn3 t^aa nitj-innn niN^ nnsy 
Di3n3non anin'' D''JV^d p3 n^m D''3^nnD e'sd nn-pm dvi^k ^ip n? . . . a^si^nn 
?Do ?'?si nitypwon niNDSipn ^ip x^x ,Dij''3n '0^3 mpaion ,n3KDDn Dnnn''3 
;13 , . . noi'sn ^od K'otj'on ,nD in-poi — kjt nanpo ■'J5:3p "d'^hb' tms,,^ P3DDn 
nyn 'jnn ,n3 ij''V tmJ ■'3sb'31 ! naiSKTi-^; x^ .n3-ii3Dn n^un niac' ?33 D'jiny ?»> ?Ji 
D'Ji&iDi33 ont? ,a''?JVDDn3 onsiD ? ni:vsn-rmn'' ?b' mon nuiny 'nn3 : n3x ?33 

"... nurvn "yivpo,,!' an dj 



-I ' J 53 



"nyriD Diot''?s'iiiD„3 d^jik-i "nn?Dx sf- n^anjisn s-s ajty ,rn?ai idid K'sjni nna,, 
P3D ,imi liny ,3iD ^Dix .in-riB'N ,31d pdv ,mca ,n'a„ xin nn^K' !^xn''s<n ^nB'i 
nvv D'^Dmx vnz^,, nit^vn^ n^^i^i dj'n "ht'^d D"nif'5„n on ."tnuxTn nrj ,m'^:ii 
mitran p^i "n'mra nvni^j iiaon ^33101 niKD^j^ !idu mn^ lo^j ^nsio x^x ,m:'io 
H'H' pTnn'?i o'^K'n^ Ton lyjD' nn ? n^jinn -inon^i iiid!^ idip^ i'-x ^sn,, : nais 
ntj'-inn □'^t>'n''3 n"nv"ip-B"xm □••Dv^'-iin pt .?jii ?31 Ssn laaino'' am n^n^tj' 'd 
nnr a'f'xnx'' ,no''niD nrjpn'' Tyvn inn ns iDjn on .ntn pninn n^? ixune' an 
D 1 p o 3 "in; x^ n^'o ^^ /"'^ ^^, "^Jvv:-iDJ\s„n nTC' .nnnn nn"- D^D'sno aj'xa' 

. " s X -| c' ^ y o L" „ 
K>:? nmJD nvn"' xin inv no^ ,iirk;'Dn 3?3 3JjnD nonn ?'j* iimn □'ays?' 
?y ,y3on iin r'y tc'' t3 a: "'13^ u^x sin no^ .tinaf-i nvo^'f' pnj nvn^" pii n3iyn 
^v Di !"y i<3j^i n'3ini iD'D nvrr? dipo3 "ims3 anais Di3n?i a^al'sm nnviK' nn 
x-l;'d3 Dioy n3:^^ pi "i'-idx ^ds n3ij''„ ii;d'' r'O' i:j's sin no^ .?''?jni min^ nn 
3^ QiDC src D'n3yn □micnn is:;'3 nrnf' n^n :^i3' s'^n .niopjn f's 'n r'C nsujn 
psapn nsi ix" as ^'cusn pavan ns yryr^ nnnnco dj'si nsiun nn3yn nnjiDn? 

.npyT3 ayn "?(:• nirnsni 

."□nx-3f'3 npyi3 rx3 "13 3ijni irv3 r]p^i : pyiin insn tn3n„ xin j"vs 
Dnoiy ,1!^ n^'yjn snun f'lyn^i naisn nys^ md3 nn? dipd3 Dn3yn amiB'Dn ■lNt^' 
IB'y ni-iDn3 p3NnD nay:i' iDt3 am nis ?3 n'i'3coi d'e^d^'d d^d^'p — Dn''t>* amini 
'31131 ^^ q-'Vj-\2 -nicon .son n"iy3n >io mj3 f-y Diian nov pTJ 103 ,i;^i3 nym 
? tun 'nnns no? : nsD ttj^' '3 'jx ynv nny„ : oi^ia ,iiuiDDn ponn ^11 if's cdj 

"? a' >y 'n3B" no'? ? inN3J nptr x^ no^ 
'rnr.s 'jx,, nn 'J3 "'!;• ninnn v^^'? nD'xn?3 x^ inxnjc' ynv n3jnj uv nix 
3in ii;n i^n ■■331x1 ay ; x'3Ji mco 130 K'lpon iDt3 nrn"' n n^n p3j nix ,nxo 
!^n'3ri3X QV -naa inx3 ix ,1333 :;'xn '?i< cxi l"x ; I'-n 13^10 ay ix -i3n n3nai 
m33D rio 1031 V3PJO xvr ''31:;' ,nc' m ,iiin nt3 xi3^ 'hdipi nix pnnxn 
:^nn 'jxi . . . n'33'' n'33 n3 a;i 'O' ayr n3 n'^iu nDi33 a?'iy3 xvdj xin .lux' 
13 ,ijivi nnn^ ,X33^ ni3io ini3 x'3j >33 ;"vx af'ix "!iii n^on '?'''?n ,"'33 li'an 
nvvuo nnyoii niyn a: n^n'^i "n''3 n^y^'Dn n^n"' nvnn anniM ? '013 dipb'x "px„ 

."n^nn ?3 'n''3 p'?n3 
txi ininx^i pxc yipn .nn p3? ij'3 nv3nn npioyn ainnn nx nxn nicon 
iiuiDani ran ;^jyn 3'3D ipnn pom ay sinan^ x'pi n'xi3jn noxn iv 'rv iiny"' ini3 xin 
'j:n n ,n3xn lo'^a 'jidoc ! 'nx 'jioor : rn3t3 iiiron .nujxL'n 'unaoiiaa 
x?i a'oin iD3xa pinv 51 nicof' yix xf' . . . an;33 pyi iiDy3i c'xn iiDy3 a3JDt3 
."n'DDp3 'uy nx ^no!^ I'x yix x^ ,a'Di3 pyn iioy a3jot3 ijjn ,iiJ3 3in 

an'BD nvianiK' nf'ii:in n3''ni E'xn ,a'JiDipn '?xitr' ix'3j ai ODin iiicon ai3 
ayTii n:ixcn mnx no3 px axi„ : loix xin ,;"vx 'ao 3"j nviano cy: inn id3 
jXE'K' ntn ayrn idi cxn 10 ne'ii' '■3X .a^oiipn p^v 'xu: ^b* 
: a35' laix ijx idx,, : mix xin i3!^i "!'ni3 'xii k'' — n'i3y3 
— 133 n^n:i aK* a^m'-x ,bioii tyii D133 b'313 uiyx lyn"' ,im '33 ac x^ ijf'^p a^nii^x 

."n'jx B3'''n nn >v nnixi — nnxn n>n3 



54 



ina x'JD ^3 ,c'X3 i^iaB' n''B'on ^ror' ,Tnn :^x ni^y :i? xnipi xnn nx ayn nr nnx x^ 
D^isi ,^0 D'D-i rr.^pD ^p ^niJ Pi3i x^j-t-j' i^ t^;' -i:;'n' 'd n^n i^oni ,n'';d opb* ,n3!j' ay 

nnnn ?d ^ip ,ix3d nuy ?ip vocx nnnuon o'srn tvo ^•'''a,, tdd ••d iv' ,'?2r] 

".n'^''?n ''^ ! ! ! 1 ;i ' V n : niip Q'ypic'on 

at^ Dvn p^^i:' imxia n^Dnpn ?n-ib" 'x^^j io3 n-nfoni D'ovd [:»'■' nxr "'33 
i^' HT'is IK -imD3 D'mix n?a nfx i^ u-'sno ,rr'X 2'? n^^'? i^^ax nsn x>i in3i> 
m3i n3t 11V inoB'jK' ,n3ip-in nr^Dnni n^jDC'n nroimyna amrj a"? pnvE' -\-\ nay 
nnintii niaiPB' in vryi o'l^nyn n^tj'Dn ^'?-'^-i nx di?p^ n^ni I'nyi nxouj did utxi 
nn!' mDio xin ,"niE'Dn ?y p^ya nxujn xe'o .hd'js noixn i'S' o'-a'npn b'iip >x oun^ 
nxinjn^ .nj'iDE^n ■')'>:'? nxT x^ Dyne nxn xin rxi n ayian 'n i^ip^i 133? nit^'jn? y3D 
ptnn nx isdd nni-ti'Dn p^'i .n''t;'on ni''jnn : njny nnrni nDiD3 nnrn 

."1'?^ 'Jtx3„ ntn -nnjn 

nixonDi D'3n-[n ^33 n3y ,-['?n miv3 D':;'nn nnyva X3 n':;'on nx nxn nmcon 
yjna' ny qipd? dipdd n3y n^a'cn .1x13? a^svDn D''jyjn rnx nx Ej-a^ni nvo^a'in'n 
D'f'snni D'junn mdv nnnn n^'xj noB'o ^v a:;' d^-ix ,m3?on aipa ,E5'npDn qipd> 
x^ n>ixjntri nt^"^ I'E'D'' aynE' nnips py3 D^n'Jti'ani anoiK'n an'j'D^ npErn ■'xnji 
•IDino ■'n!^3ni ^3510 ''n5'3n djid^bo Tconi^ i''3r amncn nini3n DnB* n33 ,xi3n 
noxi rpiy ;y?3i 'jd-j* Pin-i*3 onainni n^junn ininnp ,nntyn ^d ?y n^^'on im ny3i 

1\> w'-\w\\> "13 ^nT^ "\\i '5ii\ .nn ,r^T^ .■q^'^uim" Twi'^'n 

lAT r\:!M^ u""3ffi\"\^ ,Bn\ffir\ i\"'\\t\"? T\ri ^^n'}^ ^x^w 

.lAnBT B^TAi ni m'ii'? xT\im \"ii3 \)ffi ,'\"ffiY) 

■. in\"i'"\i v\\Tn H"5i ig '5i\) r^:lM^ B^Tuin^ 
,viTiTi"\\ in;\ \\xi'n^ n:iM^ n^"5VB\i^ 

"? i'5r\n nil 

ninnn D^XiDj na'x : noini nniy .nxna'Di :j'nnD nxriK'Di t^nno noy n'K'on 
an na^x ,Don3i nm3 an'ninatJ' '?)s '?v iob' nx ixb'jb' ,ixi35i n^au'ino n''Bi>'3 nns- 
Dcn nx ix'vini ti'x-nnno in3yi d'':i;^k'3 i''j''jnnt;' ny^'n-'pnim pvpn-'3B'nD anix ?3 
13 lypni P3D3 v^y idp i?x„i ? n^c-'an nx x'3n''i n'-ixsn nx 3np^ n33 ani?'D3 
."D'i^ainn ,''tx minvj ,innpn ;y''3 jy lt< ,Bn>aij'' ^vd i3;i3 p3Dn ay pjti — 3!'3 



55 



'vr, nx iyaL":i n-:- in nx DL-^Dn D'i^Dnn nx inixnn ri'j? now itrsj nitfan 

TwilTi Him HIT T^^^)\'■n nT\'v\ 
"... ■n^3■3TlT^ ^"jai 



nmnB' nn;DDi ar av moa'jnD niDrsm nmnc'n nixnjn DTij^a 
,niapnn3 mn^s-ii nvT .a'STj'j anin^ ,Dnpnj nnin'' ,a'jTnj onin' .Q'':iny3 niDDuno 
,-ii3i ''X ,nxnD ?N — aijr^yn nnoion oyuD ai^ix ,3ixDn tm M^ja 
Ilij'^nn ,Q^iin' Inycn ix — nar-nn ,DPt;' 
amn'n ,''>'^;n ai^n ^idvi X3313~i3 n3v ^b' m33n '?"n3 Din''? .nino!^ aipnn 
x!'?! nnjjnn x?? lyiut^'i is-itrjc "a^syf' niat\, 'aB'j amooi t^^f'^' niyoin D^jjionn 
,□333 r'ly x? '?v\ 13-1 x> liy D'nv-io n'' 5iy mn:E' o'i'^n? miDTx an-iDo x?' .njjn 
T';-in? x^i D''3iyn ny D'Dn'n nin'no n'? x'sn'' x? ,a''3vyn nx ytyt? x? i"n n33 
.Qvn '?-c' a'0'ji3pn nx "-pu'Dn-Mica x^vin? x? iin^si ni:io!'&'n nnijo nx nmn^i 

: pexnoi aivy 3x3 "iino jyi^i pipo j"sx 

■''J'3\A"3 M IH . . . ■mCMTl mg-J 
Tl"3ffi^HV\ \BT\:)Til. \\BTA\3m "JHTm^ 

,mpij^n3 D'3i3n a^ptnn ann:;'n ?y3 ,n-n3pn nnx rxTj" nin3 >y am? ['x >3x 
,:in 'a'3 -ny ?y ,nj>n ?y D^om nTD3 k" ,raixa lyo: 3S3 ^sy Q,on-i m^os s'\, ^3 ly^ 
."nx 'jD 0013 □'''pn ,a3'''y 3X3't' 1133-13 mx-p px rixi o^mi^x px ''3x 
"a'3m„n a'^jjxn:;' iy ix .iv'' nnnl^i ^^31? x^i am?? aoipnnf' n^n 3it;"n ?y 

.prj3 punn? ib-i' 

^'■n\!\'3 von nn t \ni v\3 ':sn„ 

."■Q'Jffi^Hn \BT\3iQl 



06 



.pDVi "D3T'3„ '7-^ pjy? y^'Vi ,nnnn 'sidd ,i^3di Qvn '"uy ,^x-i:y' n^isj 
noa-i 'Jvv "pDXD ^j«„ vvd la-yj "vdj unjxi lyir an,, ,"rv nnn r'y„ nixoDion 
.nyo'? nnin^? -ib'kd D'^syn dk vij? a''3-ivn^ ^p inr x^n ,n>yinn 'no d^is ,n'jnD 
.13^-13-11 ir:n ^y pn^ ■'^20 mv^i nun? nxrn n'jnon "nD3n„n x^n no 
njiinxn onn nx Ton lati'Dn ,■!'?■' inix no^n 'nir„ : nxin noK-n ?v "loix y'sx 
nt<rn noK-n". . . a'lno mon njpM ^D3 ?3P' «3k iT'noi a^'D'oin ?v "loiy ,nu3 
I31D X? i^niB' nx rvi> Tiy P^,, '^ ,n'nn5'n diddj t<''n "m nnn vvi I'y nnn rv„ ^b* 
QT^' n-iB'? nrc' ay nin^n :;ninn y^;' s? ■'n ,f\2V yupon nnxn t nx yap? mna 
□nin'n ?y .nis'von x^n nxt ."myn niy nit;" x? •c>)^^n'? p x-ivni ,VJ3? -i?' x? nn dn 
nioy^i any nvn?i o'-xjnn? Qxnn? B'm p?i nma nio'pi xna ay pn a^n nna' I'Dn? 

.noEj'on ?y 

Dnx 'D noipn ?n;t;' xin x?„ ,Pin uj^x nan p 

px n3D .ij?t;' n^mnn njnnn ,n:i-inxn nu:'3''n x'^n '"sc nyn? u'-^y " ! nn ? s b* 

iSD ■'3 Tij-iji nn ?n -nny ^v^') lyv ?n ?y ne'su non?a Qin?? ir?y I3?i nn?? ik? u? 

: ''KiL-'i nvj"'' njiD -nitj'Dn .niD?i □"n? pinxn mpn xin 



l^m") 



ai?n uxn no q&'p nyn? ij''?y'i 



? '2A3"'2 y^"UlOUl M3 \M'5 Mlffl "iin,, 

\i^"ATin y^T\^ "i"a ^^^^ ^'in\ 



'vTHQ^ 



HT\ .nnvun n^jonno p □,! x?x "my nx?n„D p" x? nspcj nxnu njno 
?3i< .?N"iE" ny ?e' niipnni nis'xc'n ?n nx ?x? d^l"? njjinno x^m nxnu m^an nmo 
ninv,! "D''PB'io„n ,cnnn D?u?;n a'Dvn?an a^rnon ^n ,nin ni?jjx nx pn n'-B'xn? px 
njrx n''?JJXB' nt n'? ixun on ,ai:nxni "n'vnD„n '?Ji? oannn? D'?'j-in "n'Q''-nD 
minnsnn? y"D? aiponi ,Bnix n?vjai anix mnys'n x?x ,Dmn'n ay nm? nna^nno 
nxn n^'XDvy n^my njno aipn?i ?xib" ayn nun? anoiy an "ioix?n n'n„n ?b' 
nppi? my a; ,i? do? 1J''!^ n'junn,, noix iiic'Dn .amn^n 'sonn nnnyn ?xnE5" 
."l'arn?D ^rnjo ,-inv2 nmpa? uxnx a'^yjnj ,-\s:>2 'a'ma 
1? anmx an .ivox?v iptn? ,miy? aipon ayn n^ nx n'-mon an a'j'n:on 
aiD?njD D''t''nB'o ,nB'n ujirn anpiy o^onnn aiDn„ ny ,"i3xi lay,, ?b' ay ,t;'?n xinB* 
amn^'nc' in iinoi ."nr xin ij?-iiji nti'n ujirn px ,ijnix Bno?Di oniK'n ?nB'n ?Dtx 
.amn'n ay nne'nnn nj'x n?n3n n^jonn ,a'Dyn ?nn ain??i ooipnn? nno? na? x? 
a'myn? ninjn ■'j'a ?n a'snyi amx a^xnio an p?i opc djd?x an amn^nc' nynv x'n 



57 



a^iin^n,, .□mn''^ Dn^ia □■'•onnn p:: -men ninnn -i^nc ns nspa'Dn n^i'iDOi^'s 
nuisn i'DD N? Q-nns B'm D^inn ixi'^ x^ a^n nnn ds □: ; amn'' an — ?nx . . . d'tt 
□12'yi Dnc; ipdi' x? ,r\7>y — n^n ''X □f'^^iy vsjm an^-^j antoi □a'-ipo rxjan ,Nin 
m^n:: nr "^2 ns ?^3d:^i mxn!' Tirj"D'' xin xii: ."n^r^n poo an ,anito mx^a imn3 
nn^nn ,Dni»3 no ni^n ,snx n^nn nyii,, .:^s^c" i'-q in 

" . ? 1 X C' TV a O 2 L'M o -111 



A 



ID n'f' ix'nn n^n nj';fDi ninn i-no ,D^'!3vyn mmD2 njioxm pnLjnn idi- 
-imx ;"vs "'nx ,Dn''--iVi i;j aoipnnr' iJi;nn? nyin ?s; i:^^2x □'■'yo dj'x amn^nt;' 
i''3:i aivy -n nun'' d^^^'d^ i:"n D'-mxa mniDD nn -\d ^d s'^niD uxr pone 
D y 1 J : - ? □'L-2D i:njx„ .i:nx D-j'-nn^i ij^ivoTm un -I'^n? niDirD n^n' □?iyn:;' 






nx i>r\2' XT- ,j-ir;ri ^r'noo -ri-nc"-i;' -j-;- -m qip^-l." ,r-n nny ay :^y xnj'D ;"'iX dmx 
MD-1 Mjy ,:^nD >tt' cicn mxa -rr:- ^xi"-'' ny ^v ro-cv n'.x^-j'rrn nxi nnoion 
ynsp □■'K-yj nm^'D □"m'?; px„ ^d tijio'' d-'PSH? D'mx-i dj'Xu" a';'n:Dn /-'^Ji 'J31j 
".nimiD nvni''; I'Don ^ddidi mxo'jf' ^idi: mih' io'; ^naio x'^x ,n-;'<ia nvr □'romx 
iVD^ ai'E'ixn "iJDD^i n"iijn -irj-sr t:: x'^,, .unnn -ii-n ^-j' D'-iin'n vn" c"x; 
npa' '7V nji-i'J3 -innj x"- ,0'- "-x --,: ix d:dj cxn -.j-jx ,nv2:}n \^'?P2 ^y'~ nx "-^vj 
nx nnin'-n -jx pyjDi a'ptm q^'pm: u: dx ,Dys ?ix lyjD^ x^ amn^n ."nycnn niDf'an 
□n^cxi nx ij''3-i' D?iyn 'oy ?'3 a: dx .ampm a:\i~ nx "imyc-" x^i n^yn-L;" x> ays 
PDD ninDOD yipnm nvsuo niDi^nn ^-vio -\^2^'r^ -nf' ■'J''ja ay a^'iyf' xinx x? 'jx nx,, 
njinD-y-ip □^''nif'x^ u'cin'' xnx xn ,njiDJDpn vcoc^ nr dv -riy p'oin -i>i: x^ .'sun 

".nyjDH nix- 
"xny." x-i:-; -c„ x-n:ni :^n;n avn "-y x-:o ;"vx □■:',t3-pn -x-i-j" 'X'l: pjD 

."□pun nip' 1J3-1PD,, ny 
iior'K''? -i^'D^n nny 'J2? my .nroj^m nnnon jo mn^n it;" nx isnr nnvun 
.nnvj2 nDi?:in n'^x-icn minn nx ma^n ay cn-c"? ^'?lr\•^•' nnvunc ,nt ?y V'vx X3U 
n'''?D3„ '"x> niB" rc'i ."nyio xn ^2 antj-Dn ja xv 'nx nnyi„ nm-j'on lox ix my 
."r^xn mix -inm nn^yi r\2-''7-i'-' noyn vs^id :^y nn'ntr 
nr X12' my .n:^y-inn didd x^n a; nn::'n n?i-i:n n^jon^ rx xnyr x-aa 12 
nvD D'-nyrcon a^oyn >3 .n^'ncn njsion nyaipn dido n'^jjx nn^-n in xin nnpi 
imnM n'?y idv n'lf'jjx nx □'■niixn D'oyn .nn moM m;: looipn^ ni^nsn n-'jonnf' 

: -i3y-?n njaa vcv^'t nnix 

\TM\m niK U\'51A lATA'? 

."■nmiA ~7i\ \i^\i "3:1 



58 



mionovn nmx nx ,n--ipn Qin imx ns K^n' D'Pjjx nnnn •'I^jjx -\-))s>d nr n'5'2 ?ni 
Di'a'ipnD D'-yno urx ;"v^5 .i!^?n an't^'^ inriDD TiiCDn a^jnosj' nafjinn nnix nsi 

.nnn ^yn 133''n xin .isin''!J' rrcon ^^'anai 

,"\TM "i\BH n'JHTi Ti^n\'H 

.""irei. 'n\^T w^^^T\ D\i\ffl 'is 

,T\\"\^1.\ T5"T\U\3\ B'lMn TAHM "IH 
T\A"'5m Ti'ia H'^3 ■'TM OHM "'iH 

\\T\^y\'} ■Q";\n^ ■Dn-\r(" V\!M\!B 

."Tinna mi)\ai. q^'jusm'' tamt^uia 
anViVDi D'^i^v ,a"Ej'ip aja"'^ •3"i;xEj' niu2 nniconi xin!' ^iiD iid m3iD -'i^an ^nx 

5'K' '?iijn irrnn nx nxn ;-i3Jn; •'nv nix "njioxni jiTjpn,, nso fiiD3?i 

.□'O'-n nnnx 

"\^\a ^^""OD TA^lrt "iT\ V\H\1 ^■\H 
."1\1 TUi \"3TlTia TAT '^JIA 

.T 

;-i2jnj uv ms5' ^-id'dd nnsDn "■'-iP2D„i nnnyn nuinyn dhi ns TDtn? ■'SiJ 
nn^yn nuinyn -n 1? xvio m^i"' qc? i^^bx •'ist ij'xb' nnnya nvun idp idt ?3 
nuinyn y'sx ^b' vniTi"'? on-ii d^ix ,3-1 idt "niDonni TinsDn yiixon,, ^y anmm 
□XI .rnn'v nyain nx ix nniB'Dn dk' nx if"2x moTD nj'xi npTiB'n mniy nnayn 
vmT'VD n^ynn?' nxr '?d2 d'^id'' x^ "laty-in-ipn,, '?ty n^jinyn •'^iiyi ^i'njoi n^ays^ 
51VP fiXK'ni "Dn''?DD„ Dia'3 □'Xir on nn ,^3n nnn^ niy^ian Jinjn; '3V nix ^ej' 
in2D nxi inix d':-ii in-i-y mm-on '?v "in^ni rnn^v^ :^y Q^?2:no an a'sn-iji □•'SiTna 

.-]"2 nin^D n'^i n-inB'S 
■TH T13DPB' nx nia'n x^ .itht-v^ iny ^s^ nsion nx □•'ji "a''?'3n„ nioy ^vx 
na'yoJ' D'^s MDofiia ox ix ,x? dx mnDian p^uvn i?'i npDix ox ix "mo,, ix "'J'ni,, 
nj^SDn in ■<£? ision nn^v^ nx a^ji i3n^ u^sxi .in3D2 n2'?r\'? n^oo xina" no nx 
.vnn'i' nx di^^ie' ix QU'^no oioni inn 'D71 iJiy xintJ' nyom 
xin nnnDB- av^a n^ioa t^ocr^x mm .lotn nystrn die'd ntn nixi? a''' djox 
nDsnon nni'ino ipno 'pi»i-m a-^ nx ,r\yr\ n^'n mDnna' aifo miDX "''■'^■ii?„n .nini 
l^n x^ xina' pi^D ,iDt;' nx n'Dcn? □'^nna'D n^njDipnni ninaiJp^vjxni n'onn 



50 



mipo i^'?n nxtn mm nvstrnn d^ix .on? npn^'o ni/a'na' inyoi p^dd Jk* "■'DB'in-ip„3 
? nr p32i5^ •'D !'ti' Dntn dv a^anDj us i3ix nr^K^i hsdid dipdo xin 
PI .nvnnsi ni:;'-i- niyi nv2n lyn vud^ 5'3inEj' mnj^n mvu s^ iij; dJ-ix 

mjvynn amin mai P^D "-d im .nuvyii nn'v ,nuB'nD T'nan'? d'i^id' nna 
.Q-V2 nvu:^i Qn^yp an^j^'' H3t?B' a^binon '?:: nx Q3ot:'3 d'3-iiji o'-t-nnn 
3"vx '?c> vnii'v^'' mpnnp inn inv Pmna •txib" inxa iinu nnyn nyun 
vniyi nrnnxi i?c' nurynn"' ynno sin .□''DE;n-'n''3m D^^oc'Tn □mD''Nn nno^ 
miyo PI urx sin ,n'nnyn m^i-n mc'3 n2zr^f2 pi n;rx y'VK ^c iriT'B' .^'^yn nixn: 
J^in'? TP''yn njiiDo x^n inT't." x^x ,v3mxi rxjic' ijj niDDipnni naann? oyn nx 

.ayn notrj ima n^ous n^sno 
nx nnimpD nx mn-x x>n ,nmL"rj'm nvivi miaL"' xm nnayn noixn 
mnn nx nxt." nxi "nyn-inx„ ,iiy .^n nuvi i^n'' '?j^ ;nuc' njjnn n3 nxi nniL'"jT 
nvDH "m-' '^ av„ a^'ix .nun^t;' n^onji xijy yc anaip i^yK-n d'^xu T-an ixvd' 

.noD '2 yn; 
^y i?ip3 Dyi p'''X'n .ayn nx miy Dvn ly S-ini "iporso nuvvn ^'?-[-\i ?3 
nn'nE' nijvvn as jnnxn lotn ar'ix .inix amiyo nrx Diti'ni niti'n ax dp x:^::' oyn 
."n^'iPC'Da ?xn f'lpc,,! nrDii'' nDsnji nxspj nDsno nvr)"? n^nv 
nnnit" 'v;m nryi; nn"- o'-ia in idd 3"i3Jn; 'nv mx iDiy n pxspTiDaT iinai 
fii33 nDsnn ,nn3yn n^VDjmxnn n^sno im '-y nynn nm yoB'D xin iim-ppipMni 

."nyi;Tn n^y::'!! ••a^3„ miV3i pina e'Djm 



,D''iD"u's ^cr^*:; 7^2'j □'72D pTns 

;i^3 c^v; Tin^ c>'2pnn2i 

-pf Tintn ,n''Tip ps' 

,n'7y3 njin sun vnnpv^", 

.-n'7n ■,Di-n ,2'?- -T^r\ ,2pn 

,nuu's ^ipriD ,"'^DV ~''^^^' 
,3:ny n^?^ ,n'''7i'7S in "n^i 

,''S2n -s ■'BT'n— 3S3n niyn^ 
. . . 1S13 ''J-'S "«^D— on^rt:' -nyn:: 



-\l\Affi\l Q"T\ 

- p :: n 1 J r T n 

n'w'Tn ■''7in3a I'.n I'i'nns nn"?: 
; nT'i: nounn n:i''pDn 

.m2n c^pntr-n ns:: '?u 

c'S'u'jn ''7^in n' m i:^ps 
,'7S "'OD' ni^i';:: nisn^ c^t3•L^•^ 

,n'in n\n C2 ]ri72 ti'c'j'n 
.^?--nQ i^vt:-p~i'n-, i^p ^3 

cnpnTC c^2D7 ',p"^T P'">V c; 

,ntr2\T nrn ■'Pdvdd 

cpniD c'^n-'t? ■'lya laa'i'n^i 

.ntyitt'n nnsT "iD"'^n"'i 

:s ,nns -n^ ! ~^P- -'^ i^^'^' Ti- 



60 



nmps 



/'n^sf'n,, nsiyai "TJ„n riDiyn 
nnsDn nini nnsan ?njn 










H^\B-\ — r^31JP liyOtJ' 



m p *: n a n n ^ ^' 



.3 np^no 

.n np^'HD 

H'mi — ijn^p .0 

H'-ffl^ \i^ — nautino .n 



.n np^nn 

H''©'! — ''PD''''"1S .X 
Haul's \1\) — i"1VI .X 






.N np?no 
.n npSio 



101 .1 x> 



61 




IDin .' ."'X'^d: .X ,i"3'iJP .c ,p;nin .3 -i"i ,i"nc'py .-i;' nnucD .n ,iniP .' — ■■ ■Q"mi\" 



nann d'c'do muu njB' loiof' insr^ f'j/isn lyi n^xe-n ,i''^dct nv nmipn njc3 
nis'njn nx ic'sina vjjdi nmnonn xiti'jf' min an^Do ux .njnnn nniPDi nDvns 
.unoia 'SnD'' rinn nuiv^n ni^^iyan Dn''a?nn nx i^jy'' 
pa D'^uni mxDsipn nx r^~^ x'cjn nmn "-ys nnyn arm v'i:^'^^ ysni 
ivo niDnnti'n hidj □:; x'-x ,mvi t2ixn "-ixnn,, nT30 nf'njnn pi x^ .nnio^nn 
ixv'B' niaoxn .npnoxn nnnyn nmnnn n^ :"y i^iyjc' ,a^'nn2Dn Q'Dti'ja nn'D?nn 
^yicnnyi nnn ^l" avno"^ nnin .cxto myc"' n^n ib'SX ■'XC moD inifivn ^•'^nn man 

.'1D1 "pK-ac,, ,"T3?n„^niE'inn ni'-iyan ?"n iK'y 

: n^x D^UD vc'V2 njcn icnn 
n^inpon cxt iv-inu onjs 



62 




" T ^ s ^ n „ 
® 

nxifin npoann Di.ijii' tiionn nx N:iD!' invn nx ^"jin p;nin i"nn u^'njo 
n!'UJ jsixn 'nac'n "Tj„n nx i-iyty ,p'oe'Q-i3 pyoK' nnn: inyvn ■'3 !^yi "'t^'inn ■iij„n 
2P2 -iDi .1 .D .cn-nr-j-T'n n'o^-n lyn xo^o '^d E'Dty:^ cnn tinn^ i^nj? ,njK> 'jd'' 
D'nnoa an ""•Df'n,, ?■:' rnunrr .inx ns n^apn: inyvni "T'3!^n„ ])n-\^n q& nx 
un^Dl^n '••nf' niyjun n'Jic' niyn^ o'^'i^Dj pi x!^ .nxnn njB'a aa Q^vnn^ ^'or xinc' 
niyi i^ani^ nmnn nty aixtj'un anix ?y oys ">32 inn^jK' aniD n^'on x^x ,nDio2 

.Dna-i^nn lu nuis'n □•'j'-jy ?y 
m^nyn uriDj u-j' -iX'o nit."n niD xin ,-idi •j'xd-i '3-no nxo "unnsD ivixa,, 
D?iy3„ ."D'ymn injco n'jn,, ?yi ,"n"'n injt:''' ixnn„ '■y ,";ii?i3 .J .x un3„ ?y 
m^iys;^ 3'3DD 1-niynjEi' nmcn ni^'xci nrsun myn^n yjj ,-ijn!' Exits''' nxD "Tunn 
n^un niviann uay nmp ttoj iivpn p^ut^py pyoa' idj "uo^iya,, .lunn noiD 
iop;'jti> nip'n^'o niyn'3 pin "dc n-yn ns Tyr„ nna rnup !iyotJ' .ti'ninn ib-di 
D^innDH Qnmn ?y p / mnj ipd "-ijisn ninxo,,! .onio^ tj-iion nn nip'-non 
UB'niD nu3 plan >y nni't:' nmsj'n ni;ixE>'a Ton ui D''''Ei'xin dnoxon .i3i:i loion 

.5^33 nnyn n^iym 



63 




c ^ : - 2 c n 

i?2P .c ,p;iJP X' ,''PD32t:D .i ,n?'P .'• ,"idi .a — •. -qmt^as 



anson ;iidi -i£:do nx pv-n yinp^ n3 nniiDn nicn -j^:^'y: na'prn n'o'?t' n^iyn 
ny ,>"t j-inr'^a .: .n nucn dk' r-y ny-un -nnaon -id'' into .ucmo n'23 a\xvDjn 
"nsion -i2D„ nx'iin .anonn aipo n« s^^a'? m^nn nvdji ,Dn3D ?:r pjn isdd i2x nny 
onny onsiD ^nriD &2-\'? nnao? m&'3« vd f'j<Ti:'i \-\p n^ f'y nnio? B-nno 'nn^ 
nnson n^'nnn ,p;n -nD3 annoi nnson no^E'i na:i nnx .n'L:n-n naipnno D'pnnio 
-isB'? D':n2Dn dmpd n^B'i'n ivo tni a^-'oSnn iva in nmn n-iryi .n^pn ^'?2 ?iy3? 
nnsDS nnnon nijuynnn s'-n nnoB'Di n^itj'n nyain .n2ia? nniE'y^i nnaon 2i'D nx 
."inn nnr laic-M nti'o'' ntc' nip: nnn' .nmn^n nip^non n'"D;^n nvn 



64 







.□n-iN i'-ij^B' 'D Ni*Dj s^ D^is ,iDi ''J2? "ij; iJK'-nD irns i^jnj n-iot? nijiTi^'D 

Qn"D?nn nx n^npon n;jj; nsDNi nsox i'Dn .D'idio d'OIot ^a* sin in'^DD r:!P> n'^sn 
nnJiys ma' 2''mn? mpai m^s'y jt^dd n? n^'sn n^npon .D'o^yj a"?snB"-''i-ix oni^'a 

.xrin lorn 

u ' ~ ' f;^ ^ Ti n Pi * 2 u k^ 

Q^'? in I2n .mils' nrua-tna mDOs i-iv:? sin UB'-i-a rrnn ib'Ij jnjo 

"n2 plan '?v onoiyn a'^'^y ^y anion nyn nun vo'^'p is d'B'-- n^T'D^n ?s niyiinn 

.an^Dfrin ■•32? -im? annn: a-'miN j-'Ej-n^ ?yisn nyi ^''ps ivosnn njE'n .nnn''n 

nmnn -pp -V2 D'2D3 nmn dk'? nnnn nii'-iN3 mpn •'?;n^ : iDtn^ nvisi niaos Titi' 

.pir-vjn .yiT-n nnyn npinni -nitj'Dn .jninTr; iiyna' n"T nsdj ,psia" nss nnnyn 

mooi mny Kina' /'^''nm nn;s„ f'y nii-i-? msji ^yisn~iyi ?iy □na'pi? nny: sin 

nin'i 3Dynni nna* nn-2 ■i23:n nnisn ns rvn ni'P in: -i"nn .^sna" nsn Disn? 

ynni ri?P i"~5i mins' '-nx .npnasn n3 hj-di miK'o nin2 misn ?b' vni^iya !iy 

.-r;yom na-pj^n insv-n asyn 5\-nn -nnio? s-iTon n'22 ixvan ?y inrtD-j- nx 

/PDTo .p .aj mn ."-.xi--,, -niy ,2'!f'i2n oni'D to -ti -r^-n niB'nn mixn 

nii'K'nn nx a^j-n 101x321 mixn nx vvn ,np''-'ox2 n'-2y nmnon x^'a'a ]iO xina' 

niTy^i D2a' lu^a* D'Toi^nn nx m2n2 -my 2i?'i2n --a .--nyn on yi2a'^ a"a' mni''on 

.nt p:y2 no-nn dixj nx: prnn n"-i i:5n:>D .nt nia'n-^ysD? 



65 



f f # ♦ f 





jr ^ <• ^^ ^ "^ 


I^w 





VD'^'na .s 









"\Affi^ui„ VD\" — pmn D-22 -\"-i 



■\^3TO — on nn 



H^ffi-i — on n'lx 



,m-;nn nnn^n nn!' miDonn : nr«J' mojon in i^si "pb'db',, DB'a nsipj nxrn ivun 

Jinn 'TP3 I'-n; ,??33 rmn'f' nij;;i:n nryzz D-snn-j'on nvo nu'jynn nn;!' na .nrn 

.D''n''xnn a^xtru '?v nin'K' 
■'PDT'D .P .c mn y^o^'nc' nmiynnn nznn mr^ nxvin n-'nr ,n;"ixn nnx 
"'jic'Dii'n,, a:;.'^ nnrti-a pni' □; x'vin ;inn .D^'-\^'o^ cmDn n^nn :nn ;nsn: ,'n np!^no3 
nnniyn ni^x'j'n q^jii •'ok' ar ^Dn niynp^ s^oxn-o ;inn .'pdjbud mn: n^n lamyi 

.nij''jyn nin^Lv □■•f'njDi pisn ^y 



66 



.innc'3 -I3T' nuDirn i!^ tj'^B' nvs ^33 «?« 
f'yi2-i?n inn'' ns'nn nji-ni is^n f'yian lyn TiJins 'on mnaj amofin njB' 

lennr" Dn'D!'nnt:n .uiDion nin'''V» nii'iva 5injn!'i D'jan? ^v'^ dhid ns vri'i 
,n nrj" icon i3s ijmny ^'V n^'-^'D ht'dd tx3 nn'' '3x nvn nr avoo .ma pJ'n inp'i 

niBDx'' xnn^ mivn nx irxn nrc'r^ icon .ni^'iyai o^'in D^'uty icvj n^cn 
loxjiy D'^avt^n D''C^x iMtn p 021 mn'^n n'"iyn nit-nnn ''V ijt ;n3i nicisn Dn^o'Ti 

.anioni an^'o'Tin nvo nm nnoK'3 i^npnj if'i'n nisDxn .annxi "nN-nn,, 

njniD'' njK'n yjn , " n •> s 3 n .. "< "Tjn..to ide' nx nrcc ,ij!'K' nm'n dj 
i3j''Xi lyn njo?,, n^n^c .ijiD^Dn i^ny? s-osn'-i ''od'' ixc't;' niip'' k"i .noi ini'' 

.'"■DIN 

Tiiy^ ni-i^nt^' M'p-c ■'DiC'n " i ■' 3 „ n rr^n njt^'n nc'an n'5vnB> fiyeo niy 
nap D51 iiy nn ^nnsD vnip nti u"vin nac '-t^ ""i'3„n .nxo n n^iys nn-i^vn viin 

.nnait^o main!' db' 1!' 

D''jiDD? nnin . n •> n s d 3 nnt;'y3t;' nmn nimpnnn to W Q'''?vri'? a: m. 

.nai aneo nx^'in'' loiaen nn m -no it'y^- D^vnn 

Irian nmi un to'» "i33 . ■• i a y n 3 1 n nic x^n nxo r\^)\>fn n^iyo 
mjona d!^ix .!^yif3!=' nann xv x'' nijit;' niaoa 5as ,nr fjyo sin niv^na f-y 13:^ impt? 
,ijryn nx a''t;*3n'' an vnna mi n^'oi nxta n'-iys'' ''inin imva n^an ,inaijn ?yiQn-nyi 

.p3an ■''•na pa yDL"3 nayn niann nta isixai 

M'?& avon nx ynj ax tynnnn'' ni'-ia^ mani in^'-v TUDDty m'>iyanK' nioa ^jx 
miay? yaiaa a^'j'vn an^o^ri ''t;' niD' i:!^ t:'i .noion ima ij'' ti'^B' nuntj'ani B'3sao 
ni^iysa lion"'! a^vinin a'^unn nx nvc'v'? 'lyisn-nyi '?v ''ax .nnoiDn nn-'o nnis 

.nse'o BTB' noa ny 

nny!^ a^'jain ny !iaaE' n'-njni amo nana iniao lanDioc' n^arn!' dj aiK'n 

.annx ninain ''vx xvo? ntypK* nn'-oa an'' ry'!^i an^n'-nn ni^^iys^ 

n nn'-vn'' nn' •>nK nayu' ^yian nyi •'nan ^a^ ninin;^ van 'j:n nan ^)D2) 

.nyja pn an^'tj' noa iv an^'o^nn ni^iya nx ivdx'I iprn^ti' c'nnn nyin nan? ?nx!^i 

! in'''vni nr aanaa i^'y 



57 



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no 



Advertisements 



A"\1\)\B \'3H "Jl"? \^H T\^\T\ ^^^Xi^A 
■Q„-^-\Y\ ""\M„n TXOl^Ti 




I'Ve ivisli to cx/Tcss our gratitude to those 
individuals and concerns who have placed their 
compliments and ads in this issue of The NIR. 
The readers are asked to examine carefully 
and patronise the products of these concerns. 
THE NIR 
1939 



AS YOU WOULD SEE 

GROSSINGER'S trom the AIR! 




An Interesting Aerial Photograph of 

ONE OF AMERICA'S MOST INTERESTING VACATION PLAYGROUNDS 

Here you may come to rest ... to play ... to enjoy a zestful change . , , 
complete relaxation and the company of delightful people whose tastes 
and fancies have inspired the growth of this resort into a great tradition, 
beloved for its genuine wholesomeness and the sincerity of its welcome. 

WRITE TODAY FOR ALL DETAILS 

Tie GROSSINGER 

HOTEL & COUNTRY CLUB • FERNDALE, N. Y. 

OPEN ALL YEAR 

N. Y. Office: Radio City, 1270 Sixth Avenue, New York City — Phone Circle 7-7888 



BAKERS OF THE FAMOUS RYE BREAD 



Pcchter Baking Company, Inc. 



448 EAST 173rd STREET 



Bronx, New York 



J 

i 

J 
J 

I 

^ ^ ., , 

i 
j 
j 
j 
I 

Roxane Studios i 

f 

Official Photographer for the 1939 NIR ' 

PHOTOGRAPHERS ' 

Theatrical : - : Society : - : Commercial 

3 East 48th Street New York City 

Phone PLaza 5-0110 



70 



Compliments of 



ESTHER SURUT 



Compliments of 



MR. LOUIS SURUT 



Compliments of 

MR. & MRS. 
HARRY FISCHEL 



snn 



nnDDi f'X-iti'' nni^in? K-npin =idnd 
n J c 3 Q ■>' D V 3 X i* 1 ' 

Ti'j^'? $2.00 noTinn ^m 

HOREB 

TEACHERS INSTITUTE 

Amsterdam Avenue & 1 86th Street 

New York City 



«y 



1 ' : 



71 




MATZOS 

AND OTHER MATZOH PRODUCTS 



HQItOWJTZ- 



ii,r-v^^'^-^="='-| 



Made Better 

Tastes Better 




BREYER ICE CREAM CO., Inc. 

3409 Queens Boulevard 

Long Island City, X. V. 

Phone STilhvell 4-5000 



THE PATRICIAN 
Caterers of Distinction 

Kosher FiDictiiiiis .-trraiH/cd for at 

Leading Hotels, - Synagogues 
Your Home - Our Own Ball Rooms 

Kiishnilli I'lHlcr Siil^cri-isioii of 

Rabbi Max Schay 

151 West 51st Street 

"IIOTKL ABBEY" 

New York City 

Phone Circle 7-7068 

Mrs. I. Rosoff Mrs. L. Schultz 



ZION NATIONAL KOSHER 

SAUSAGE FACTORY, Inc. 

482 Austin Place 

Bronx, N. Y. 
Phone MElrose 5-4740 

Manufacturers of 

"Zion National Kosher Delicatessen" 

Sold in 

All Good Delicatessen Stores 



hbfe ^15^^ 



inir imji 



mnn SCHEUJIT2 



<z^AiaizQl. 



SUPREME IN KASHRUTH AND 
QUALITY-FROM THE WORLD'S 
LARGEST AND FINEST MATZO 
BAKERY .... 




MATZO MErtL • FARPEL • CAKE MEAL • EGG MATZO • VATZO CEREAI 



72 



Compliment? of 

I. ROKEACH & SONS, Inc. 

Manufacturers of 

Pure Kosher Products 

Brooklyn. N. Y. 



Compliments of 

PARAMOUNT CATERERS 

601 West 183id Street 
New York City 

n^yn -yij- iin-r >y lonn 

" 2 ^ : „ 

^ - 2 V ~ nvi:n nii-riDn 

NI V 

1 1 1 Fifth Avenue 
New York City 

n 2 iy - '-via ^ 2 ^ 

W v. Vi 

$2.50 P-, -'-on 

DANIEL PERSKY 

243 East 14th Street 
New York City 



H Y D R X 

S e a I t e s t 

ICECREAM 

Is Now Endorsed by 
Rabbi Margolin 
— f o r — 
Purity & Kashruth 

ORchard 4-5075 

MIRSKY ART ENGRAVING CO. 

Commercial Artists 

Line Cuts - Half Tones - Color Plates 
Electrotypes 

203 Broome St. New York 

ORchard 7-2173 

RELIABLE WHOLESALE 

JEWELRY HOUSE 

Louis I. Kapit 

All kinds of 

Diamonds, Jewelry & Silverware 

DISPEXSIXG OPTICIANS 

1 8 Eldridge Street 
New York City 



73 



Established 1854 

B L C H 
PUBLISHING CO. 

"The Jewish Book Cuncern" 

Headquarters for 
JUDAICA and HEBRAICA 

Take Advantage of Our 

86th Anniversary 

SPECIAL SALE OF BOOKS 

AT GREATLY RI'DL'Ci:! ) I'RICES 

Over 300 selected titles covering all 
branches of Hebrew literature 

All unusual opportunity for 
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SALE ENDS JUNE 30, 1939 

Send for List 'X' 
SERMONICA A SPECIALTY 

We carry a complete stock of 

Hebrew textbooks as well as publications 
of modern & ancient Hebrew literature, 

31 West 31st Street 
New York City 

ORchard 4-3388 

J. LEVINE 



Iinp,:rler and Manufaclurcr of 

HEBREW RELIGIOUS ARTICLES 

Largest Embroiderer in the Line 

Seifer Torahs, Silk & Wool Taleisim, 

Tfilin, Mezuzas, Torah Mantles 
Porochas, Canopies, Banners, Fl 



ags 



73 Norfolk Street 
New York City 



LOUIS DIAMOND 

252 Broome Street 
New York City 

?"xt tr'cnn c"r'3 in^y::" '-\ 

rXIOX LABEL oil EVERY GARMENT 

HOWARD CLOTHES 
"For Gentlemen of Good Taste" 

All One Price — $22.50 

^'ou nia\- 'CHARGE IT' the Howard way 

Ts'ew York - Brooklyn - Jamaica 



"?); n'2'nnn n^npnD 

" -I X ^^r\„ 

yiDi nnsD 'jijj/i^ iiynr 

ni'-un Dn:D n^Maa 

sipn''': xvonf' I'l-i- ixnn,, 

'nay n'2 ^33 

: nsn'Ni "-n'-iu-'-i-in ,npnDX3 
$2.50— njc- 'vn:^ .$5.00— njB'f- 

: mjp3 

$3.00— njt;' ^vn!- .$6.00— nr,y? 

r\:v'? $.75 — D'cninf' "nyij? nxim,, 

H ADO AR 

1 I 1 Fifth Avenue 
New York City 



74 



'^V 



Compliments of 

MR. IRA ROSENZWEIG 

New York City 

Compliments of 

MR. P. GLICKMAN 

New York City 

Y\ H Ti 

.■- .: ,p''pn3 
pi^i vj DD''NT "n^nnnn,, min iioi'n 
niun^ nunn 



D T^ tr p n ^J ^ 



Best Wishes from 

RABBI & MRS. 
HERBERT S. GOLDSTEIN 

n''D''DDn nnni anp'n mo'' 
n H Ti 

nan^p nn:t2 m^i -112 

.•> .J ,p?pn3 

pnsa nm "^nib" nn,, mm nin^n 
n 3 1 1 



Compliments of 

RABBI DR. NATHAN WASSER 



New York City 



75 



Compliments of 

THE EMPRESS THEATRE 

Mr. B. Meyer 
Mr. Joseph Rosenzweig 



; P'J'?' — cmnn rrn ; nnx ii^n y"-' 
-nyi Tii'i ; i-x ~-z2 p^'^x-: 

SOLOMON RABINOWITZ 

48 Canal Street 
New York City 

Phone DRydock 4-5294 

WASHINGTON PARK CLOTHES 
ROBERT G. HOROWITZ 

111 a n u f a c t u r i n y 

America's Finest Clothes 

for Men & Young Men 

141 FIFTH AVEXUE :- : XEW YORK 

Eretz Israel Bazaar 

RABBI ISAAC }^IORGENSTERN 

PALESTINE PRODUCTS 

2 1 6 East Broadway 

Xe w York City 

KLIMPL MEDAL CO. 

303 Fourth Ave. 

Xew York City 

Phone GRamercy 5-6963 



Best Wishes from 

BETTY RENNERT 

and 

ABRAHAM A. POLLACK 



n D 1 3 

T\ H Ti 



.1 .: ,iVPT13 

.'' .: ,prpi"in 



Compliments of 

MR. JACOB A. NOBLE 

New York City 



n \ ' 2 2 > ni3i2 

TV H Ti 

it:^^?!": '2i~» 



nisi 



Ti H T^ 

II \2 i.~ i2is 



76 



T ' i 



Trys / n-^i na 



n K n 



T\ H n 

I. GOLDBERG 
Kosher Saussage Co. 

208 Delancey Street 
New York City 

Compliments of 

ANDRON'S MOUNTAIN HOUSE 



Hains Falls. N. Y. 



1 n "- 1 "^ a a 1 O 

•• "2 ^ '' "i 2 

.a'Jti'i:^^ njit^ D^^nn ddit xn^ 

D"V"in "TO,, nDivn 



THE BRAMO PRESS 

Commercial 

PRINTERS 

196 East Broadway 

New York City 

Phone DRv Dock 4-43 59 



I 



WA 3-0123 

PECK'S 
Typewriter Exchange 

Sold - Rented - Repaired - Exchanged 

Commercial Stationery 
T i m c Pay m cuts 

bib West 181st Street 

New York City 
Compliments of 

MR. & MRS. 
I. GOTTLIEB & SON 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Across the Yeshiva 
HARRY'S LUNCHEONETTE 

STRICTLY KOSHER 

2549 Amsterdam Avenue 
New York City 



77 



Demand 
BARNET BRODIE'S 
Genuine Kosher Meat Products 

The Only Factory 

under fi:c sii/'criision of 

Vaad Horabonim of Greater N. Y. 

n 1 ^ 3 3 f" n 1 D 1 3 
TA H -n 

c ■'^ n n w* tt 

.• .2 ,V'^P'i~i2 ,.V^1V DPINO .OD 154] 

n 1 ' 3 2 '' n 1 D -I n 

TA H T^ 

cps": .T-S1 "ryc^T ^n^: 

T\ H Tl 

-Sip ^.S2^» ^s^n^ 

n"vnn a"DD 

Compliments of 

MURRAY H. LIEBERMAN 







n D 
y\ H T^ 


1 


-1 


istt"'^n 


■r^-ys in;in "m 








xc 


■'"IP mnm 'xn; 







p "^ J T - . ^ 

pnx" rj ••:^-its-,3 UD'N 169 

I. REZNICK 

1 69 East Broadway 
New York City 

Phone ORchard 4-2553 



Compliments of 

ISRAEL NOBEL 



Compliments of 

MR. JACK HARTMAN 

Compliments of 

MR. B. PANESH 



BRESSLER'S DELICATESSEN 



1446 St. Xicholas .\\x 



Xc« York City 



Compliments of 

MR. J. STEIN 



Compliments of 

MR. LOUIS ZUFLACHT 



Lc^ 




FLAGS 



CEsum 



ociety Flags, Banners^ 
and Deccrations' 



The Jewish National Flag Co 

Mordecai Oroajmajk, Ptoi.. 

Manufacturere of 

JEWiSH AND AMERICAN 

Flags and Banners 

SEWED FELT BANNERS 

CELLULOID SOUVENIRS 

BADGES & BUTTOr>iS 



Df Thccdor Hf. 



AND PATBIOTIC NiVELTIES 

r?<.,trin'o. °W, Il's'o h:,." rJ'adyTn 

Dt M3> NfTdau Mjrt.U Duvt r.i;' 

.... hl.t .n Slock Jtw.h .N.l.oi.ll ribbon ,„„ pipt,. what :..,. 

blur, w.tb Moijan Dav.ds. 40 tool 'oll^ pr.cr lOc a roll Banner! 

,dEt^. Billions. Pins lo. ..i..j.,„iurs. loci..ts a.,i) sw^i.rs Col, 

yfrn David Chartn and Maiuia Cliatm, la.karai j-old. pnc 



Igiou. ■H^Kftjii.ilili^i" Article. 
55 Norfolk Street, New York 



78 



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FOR A BETTER JOB AT A LOWER PRICE 
SEE US FIRST 




. . . The Printern of This Journal. . . 

PRINTERS O LINOTYPERS O PUBLISHERS 
14 COOK STREET BROOKLYN, N. Y. 



specializing in producing the finest 
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