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a^ 4 0.35 ^^-Ht-i^'i'- 




IHatbart Collcgr ILtbrarg 



FROM TlfE 

BRIG-HT LEGAOY. 

Descend Euiti of Ht^nry BH^'if, jr,, who died flt Water. 
towii,MiiSA. p Iq loS^r^re entitled fi hr%ld schoJarships in 
ifurviird Cr;IIe|*<3, e^UL>tii»lied in iSSo under the will of 

JONATHAN BUOVVN BKTGHT 
af Walthtinit Muf>5., with one half the income of this 
Ijt^acy. S^uch riescendtinis f^LjIlh;^, odier persons are 
d%iblc tn thtr «cliolitr£^hips. The will requires that 
thla luiiiDimtctinent ahail be made lu even' book added 
in the Lihrnty under itc provii^juns. 






l^fe'^v- 



OLt Wv%s-, I'S*^ I. 



r 



1 



Northamptonshire 

Notes & ^lueries^ 



AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 



DXYOTXD TO 



The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial Records, 
Folk-Lore, Quaint Customs, &c., of the County. 



JJdited by John .Jayj-or, 




VOL. III. 



Jtott^smptim : 
The Drydbn Press, TAYLOR & SON, 9 College Street. 

1890. 









\ 



Tatlob & Son, 

Pbhtcsbs, 

9 Ooujcaa Stbeut, Nobthucpton. 



Lisi off flirficles. 



No. 
384 
385 
386 

387 
388 

389 
390 
391 
392 
393 
394 



396 

396 
397 

398 
399 
400 

401 
402 
403 

404 
405 
406 

407 
408 

409 



A StroU by the Welland 

Local Dialect 

The WiU of William Bufforth, 
1558 

Sip Paul Pindar 

Sculptured Cross in S. Sepul- 
chre's, Northampton 

Sanctuaries 

Northamptonshire Folklore 

Wakerley Parish Registers 

The Serjeant Family of Castor 

The Aubrey Family 

Medals and Tradesmen's Tokens 
of Northamptonshire: 
Althoip Omidle 

Kettering Peterborougli 
Northampton 

War Medals: Crimea, 48th 
Begiment 

Kirby Hall : a Correction 

ChuDohwardenfl' Accounts at 
Towoe4»ter 

Cromwell in Northamptonshire 

The Fitzwilliam Family 

Free Schools in Northampton- 
shire 

Sheppard Family of Towcester 

Northamptonshire M.P.'s 

"Burleigh House by Stamford 
Town^' 

Leper House at Towcester 

Old Northampton and its Bulers 

*< Burleigh House by Stamford 
Town" 

Bound Stamford 

Thomas Haynes, a Northamp- 
tonshire Author 

Lord Mayors of London who 
were Natives of Northamp- 
tonshire. II.— Sir Bob^ 
Chioheley 



No. 

410 Brackley School 

411 Northamptonshire Marriages 

and Deaths, 1787 

412 English Country Life in the 

18th Century 

413 The Grandson of a Sieye-Maker 

414 Belies of Naseby Fight 

415 Sir William Fermor 

416 History of the Hospital of S. 

John and S. James at Brackley 

417 Northamptonshire M.P.'s 

418 The Sheppard Family : — 

John Sheperde, of Grimsoote, 

1525 
Bichard Shepard, of Winwick, 

1532 
John Shepperd, of Clayooton, 

1539 
Thomas Sheppard, of Ab- 

thorpe, 1539 

419 Enotsford Monument at Malyem 

420 Northamptonshire Nonjurors 

421 The Vincents of Bamaok, 160& 

422 Modem Superstitions 

423 Clarke, Fry, and Howett : queries 

424 The Will of Thomas Bellamy, of 

Stonyard 

425 Fineshade Priory 

426 Sculptured Cross in S. Sepul- 

chre's, Northampton 

427 Bhyming Public-house Signs 

428 Disturbances in Northampton- 

shire, 1655 

429 Nassington Vicarage 

430 The Garfields of Northampton- 

shire 

431 Anglo-Saxon Charters 

432 Brackley School 

433 Belies of Naseby Fight 

434 Naseby Old Man 

435 Pariah Begisters of Draughton 



IV. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



No. 

436 Mantell (Mauntein of Heyford 

437 Sheep Killers in Northampton- 

shire 

438 The Garfields of Northampton- 

shire 

439 Maxey Ghnroh 

440 llie Sheppard Family :— 

Thomas Sheperd,of Folebrook, 
1540 

441 Rhyming Publio-honse Signs 

442 The Lyne Family of Brixworth 

443 Sir William Fermor 

44 i Peterborough Church Plate 

445 Pulpit at Fotheringhay 

446 Northamptonshire Briefs 

447 Books of Marie Stuart 

448 Master Thomas Ball, Muuster 

449 A Belio of Dr. Doddridge 

460 Balaam's Ass Sunday 

461 Prayer of Mary Queen of Scots 
452 The Northamptonshire Hoard 

463 Monumental Inscriptions fcom 

other Counties 

464 The '* Beautiful Misses Gun- 

ning" 

455 A Bank Holiday Ramble in 

North Northamptonshire 

456 The Papillons and Northamp- 

tonshire 

457 Knight, of Slapton, co. Nor- 

thaiits 

458 The Fortification of Northamp- 

ton, 1645 

459 A Seventeenth Century Men- 

dicant 

460 The <* Beautiful Misses Gun- 

ning" 

461 The Knights Templars and 

Northampton 

462 "Naseby OldMan" 

463 Monumental Inscriptions from 

other Counties 

464 Old Wine Glasses and Goblets 

465 Wakerley Parish Registers 

466 Local Dialect 

467 Weldon Stone 

468 The Poulton Monument in Des- 

borough Church 

469 Brass of Jane, daughter of Gyles 

Poulton, of Desborough 

470 Lord Althorpe and the Leather 

Tax 

471 A Rental of the Manor of 

Towoester, 1609 

472 Letter of the Earl of North- 

ampton, 1640 
478 Travelling to Rugby a Huudi*ed 
Years Ago 



No. 

474 The Northamptonshire Hoard 

475 Northamptonshire Marriages in 

the Parish Register of Lill- 
ington, CO. Warwick 

476 Matthew Holbeche Bloxam 

477 Running Thursday 

478 Mantell fMauntell) of Heyford 

and Coilingtree 

479 The Wf Ish Bible in Althorp 

Library 

480 The Rose Family of Daventry 

481 Glimpses of Old Northampton, 

1697 

482 The Sheppard Family : — 

William Shepard, of King- 

thorpe 
Thomas Shepard, of Wilbar- 

ston 
Thomas Shepard, junior, of 

Kiugflthorpe 
Anne Shepard, Widow of 

Thomas Shepard, of Wil- 

barston 

483 The Hospital of S. John and S. 

James at Brack) iw 

484 Hoard of Roman Coins 

485 The Aahby Family 

486 Monumental InHcriptions from 

other Counties 

487 Plough Monday 

488 Local Dialect 

489 Prebendaries of Peterborough 

Cathedral :— First Prebend 

490 The Gibbes Family of Tow- 

cester 

491 Glimpses of Old Northampton: 

Its Signs : — 
The Cook's Arms 
The Chequer 
The Three Tuns 
The Last 

The Flying Horse 
The Peacock 
The Hind 

492 The Northamptonshire Scandal 

493 Jacob Tomlin, B.A. 

494 Lord Mayors of London who 

were Natives of Northamp- 
tonshire. III.— Sir Thomas 
Pilkington 

495 Peterborough Cathedral — Re- 

mains of the Old Saxon Abbey 

496 The Family of Mace 

497 Prebendaries of Peterborough 

Cathedral : — Second I^bena 

498 ReHtoration of Peterborough 

Cathedral, 1734 

499 Court Rolls 




List of Articles. 



No. 

500 Monumental Insoriptione from 

other CountieH 

501 Postern Gate at Northampton 

502 The Ashbys of Weaton-by- 

WeUand 

503 Local Dialect 

604 The Family of Beebe, Beeby, 
or Beebee 

505 Northampton as a Cycling 

Centre 

506 Bronee Seal found at Towoester 

507 Matthew Holbeohe Bloxam 

508 Northamptonshire Superstitions, 

etc. 

509 The Poulton Family of Des- 

borongh 

5 1 John Dryden*8 Birth 

511 Bowling Green in Sulehay 

Forest 

512 The Papillons and Northamp- 

tonshire 

613 Wakerlev Parish Rejristera 

614 "The Northampton Miscellany" 

515 Cantor Lof'al Antiquities 

516 Shakespearian Manuscripts at 

Abington Abbey 
617 "Need-Fires" 
6\{> Mediaeval Chnrch Notes 

619 The Miller Family 

620 Br. Doddridge's Epitaph 

621 Monumental Inscriptions from 

other Counties 

622 The Stuart Exhibition 

623 Northampton M.P.'s : Lane 

624 Mantell of Heyford 

525 The Crick Family of North- 

amptonshire 

526 Glimpses of Old Northampton: 

Its Siffns : — 
Guy of Warwick 
The Talbot 

The Shoulder of Mutton 
The Phoenix 
The Black Periwig 
The French Horn and German 

Flute 
The Blue- Boar 

627 The Greaves Family 

628 The Claypole Family 



No. 

529 The Sheppard Family of North- 
amptonshire 

630 Ray's Itineraries 

631 Black Berengarius: A Legend 

of Barnwell Caatle, 1198 

632 The Claypole Family 

633 Monumental Inscriptions from 

other Counties 

634 The Newnham Family 
636 The Sturgis Family 

636 Knight of Slapton, co. Nor- 

thants 

637 Society for Debtors 

638 The Gorham Family 

639 Lord Mayors of London who 

were Natives of Northamp- 
tonshire. IV. — Sir Robert 
Clajrton 

640 Restoration of Peterborough 

Cathedral, 1734 

641 Families of Shephard, Mantell, 

Abbot, Stilgoe, and Ne-wmau 

542 Mayor's Choice, Northampton : 

Dinner Bill 

543 The Washington Monument in 

Sulgrave Church 

644 The Bucknell (or Bucknall) 

Family of Crjck 

645 Mediaeval Church Notes 

546 Warrant Book, Guilsborough 

Hundred 

547 The Mantell Family of Hevford 

548 John Hampden at Northampton 
649 Tolls and Unjust Customs of 

Northamptonshire 
550 Glimpses of Old Northampton : 
Its Signs : — 
The Spread Eagle 
The Golden Ball 
The Trooper 
The Pewter Dish 
The Royal Oak 
The Windmill 
The Queen's Arms 
The "Boot and SUpper 
The Crown 

The Queen's Dragoons 
The Old Duke of Clarence 
The Leg of Mutton 



t)isf of Conf i?ibufoi7S. 



Barton. W., 448 

Beebe, Glaresoe, 504 

Blaydes, F. A., 399, 436 

Bull, Frederick William, 499 

Cheny, J. L., 389, 481 

Cowper, J. M., 463, 635, 547 

Cowper, William, 386, 418, 424, 440, 

446, 448, 482, 529 
Crawley, Hemy H., 436, 478, 647 
Crick, Walter D., 525 
Criswell, William, 460 
" Cuthbert, Bade," 406, 408, 421 
Delta, 388 

Dove, P. Edward, 549 
Dryden, Sir Henry, 484, 643 
Edleston, B. H., 453, 463, 476, 500, 

521, 533 
Ewen, J. E., 393, 413 
Fry, E. A., 496 
(Harnett, R., 498 
Gasquoine, T., 479 
Gotch, J. Alfred, 384, 407 
Greaves, J. A., 527 
Greene, Biohard, 506 
Hales, J., 615 
HeUby, T., 419 
Hemmans, F., 453 
Henley, Lord, 460 
Hipwell, Daniel, 628, 632 
Irvine, J. T., 426, 439, 444, 495, 640, 

545 
KnightJey (Lady), LoTiisa M., 648 
Lovell, W., 610 
Lyne, Robert Edwin, 442 
Markham, C. A., 445, 486, 518, 537 
Mason, C, 644 
Mayo, C. H., 490 
Moor, C, 457, 636 
MiUer, H., 619 
Newman, A. S., 634, 641 
iSortbamptoo, Lord, 472 
Numismatic, 452 
Page, John T., 387, 409, 433, 434, 

441, 462, 476, 494, 507, 622, 639 
Palmer, A., 411, 427, 466, 487, 508 
Pearson, B. E., 483 



Perkins, W., 456, 468, 603 

Pink, W. D., 402. 486, 628 

Priohard, Henry S., 616 

Rose, D. M., 480 

Sanders, S. J. W., 420 

Shepard, T., 632 

Sheppard, E. N., 401 

Simpson, Justin, 391, 392, 425, 428, 

429, 465, 513, 524, 532, 638 
Smith, George T., 506 
Sweeting, W. D., 489, 497, 632 
Taylor, John, 632 
Tole, F. A., 398, 403, 422, 443, 449, 

450, 452, 454, 466, 459, 460, 477, 509 
Wodhams, I., 432 

Ed., 395, 396, 400. 405, 412, 427, 431, 

451, 461, 464, 467, 469, 470, 472, 
473, 474, 491, 601, 611, 612, 614, 
526, 546, 660 

A. E. H., 502 
A. H., 423 
A. P., 466 

C. A. M., 486, 618 

D. N. T., 397 

E. A., 468 
E. N. T., 438 
E. 8., 447 

E. T. B., 410, 416 

F. T., 403, 422, 443, 449, 469, 460, 
477, 609 

H. A, T., 460 

H. A. W., 416 

H. D., 543 

J. S., 404, 638 

J. T., 394, 414, 430, 437, 443, 460, 

493, 520, 531, 642, 548 
J. T. I., 444, 540, 646 
M. L. W., 464 
R. G. S., 488 
R. H. E., 621 
S. B., 617, 530 
S. J. H., 386, 390 
T. D. S., 492 
T. S., 471 
W. M., 417 
W. P., 503 



hisi o? Sngvavings. 



Tomb of Lord Treasurer Borghlej in Uie Church of S. Martin, 

Stamford Froniispie^ 

Bringhnrst, oo. Leioeater, Honae opposite Ghnroh, South Side . Fage I 

Date Stone on Coped Gable at Drayton i^. 

Out-lying Wing of Bockingham Castle 5 

The Bede-Houae at Lyddington. Part of South Front ... 6 

„ „ Part of North Front. ... 7 

Glasing on Glass in Bede-Honae, Lyddington 8 

Swan Inn, Harringntrorth 9 

Shield on the Tomb of Jaoquenetta Digbj, Stoke Dry Church . . ib. 

Chimney on a Cottage in Harringworth « 10 

Apethorpe, Woodcroft Castle, Korthants; Northborough Manor House 83 

Boof of South Aisle, S. John's, Stamford 85 

Top of Wrought Lran Gates, Burleigh Park .... 86 

Ceiling, Apethorpe 87 

Ceiling of Long Gallery, Apethorpe *b. 

Screen in Apethorpe Chureh 88 

Vane, Apethorpe Church 89 

Iron Cresting to Gates, South Pordh, Apethorpe Churoh ... 40 

Pedigree of the Patrons of BracUey Hospital 49 

Portion of Monumental Slab foond during the Bebuilding of the North 

Aisle of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Northampton . . 61 

Tower Arch, Mazey Church 78 

Fragment of Saxon CofBn lid found in the Churchyard, Maxey ib. 

Pulpit at Fotheringhay 81 

Arms on Pulpit at Fotheringhay 82 

Bird's Eye View of Fotheringhay 89 

South View of Barnwell Castle 93 

* Autotype Title-page of Papillon's Fortification of Northampton, 1645 97 

Plan of Northampton Bightly Fortified 101 

Instrument for Fortifications 102 

Eirby Hall : the Porch giTing Entrance to the great Hall. 113 

Table Exhibiting the Formation of rarioua Building Stones . 115 

Brass in Desborough Churoh 117 

• Extra plate. 



viii. Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Tage 

M&gtUlen UoUege School, Brackley 149 

Plan k>f South side of Market square and Mercers' row in 1768 . . 163 

„ ,* „ „ in 1831 . . ib. 

The Cook'ti ArmH, Market hill, Northampton 166 

Pootern Oate at Northampton 187 

House at Long Buckby huilt hj J. and E. Jellia .... 189 

Bastion of Northampton Castle 191 

House of WttRting ton's Ancestors at Little Brington. . . . 198 
East Arch of Both wall Market House, with Arms of Tresham, and 

Boor of Koimd House 198 

The Triangular Lodg^, Eushton 200 

The Bone C?rypt. Both well 201 

Saddle and Stirrup luied hy Charles i. at the Battle of Naseby . . 221 

Eif?!;ution of Mary Queen of Scots ib. 

Saddle find Stirrup us^d by Prince Rupert at the Battle of Naseby . 226 

Guy of Warwick. 229 

Waehiiigton BraiJH in Sulgrave Church 261 



c: 



Northamptonshire Notes & Queries, 



Index— Vol. III. 



Index I. 



Namks of Persons. 



Abbot, 259-60 
Abome, 24 
Aburn, 26 
AbyiB, 146 
Adams, 80 

Addison, 159, 161, 163 
Adkinson, 275 
Alfred, king, 65 
iBltered, king, 65 
Ag^tho, pope, 65 
Agntter, 170 
Aldridge, 273 
Alexander m., pope, 130 
Allen, 121, 208 
Allington, 108, 240, 250 
Althorp, lord, 120, 188 
Alwarde, 76 
Aman, 121 
Andrew, 56, 127 
Andrewes, 268 
Angell, 289 
Anne, queen, 9, 190, 225, 

264 
Anselm, 6 
Argles, 75, 185 
Argyll, dnke, 104-6 
Aristophanes, 159 
Armand, 226 
Armesteede, 120 
Armjne, 64 
Arnold, 68 
Arthnr, 211 
Arnndel, countess, 225 
Ash, 265 
Ashbj, 48, 67, 69, 108, 

151-2, 187-8 
Ashley, 209 
Ashmole, 258 
Ashton, 121 



Ashwell, 112 

Asley, 45 

Astell, 70, 220 

Athelstan, king, 229 

Atkins, 246 

Atkinson, 167 

Atley, 170 

Atton, 248 

Aubrey, 17 

Audley, 250 

Aurelian, emperor, 151 

Austin, 97 

Austine, 112 

Ayndr, 107 

Ayre, 182 

Bacon, 214 

Bagnall, 263 

Bailey, 258 

Baker, 69-71, 78, 84-5, 

97, 126, 137, 147-8, 

182, 255, 261 
Balderson, 270-1 
Balfour, 226 
Ball, 84-5, 183 
Banastre, 134 
Banes, 248 
Bannister, 150 
Barokeshire, earl, 122 
Barker, 210 
Barkley, 64 
Barkstead, 27-8 
Bamaby, 31-2 
Barnard, 52, 150, 156 
Bamewell, HI, 209-10 
Barrett, 57 
BariT, 113 
Bartho, 169 
Basford, 226 
Basset, 32 



Bate, 253 
Bates, 141 
Batty, 17, 19, 23 
Bawsted, 12 
Baxter, 141, 258, 265 
Bayly, 154 
Beake, 31 
Beaumont, 50, 117 
Becke, 165 
Beddell, 228 
Beddington, 146 
Bede, 94-5 
Bedford, earl, 122 
Beebe, Beeby, Beebee, 

189 
Beeoroft, 95 
Beedham, 155 
Beer, 240 
Bege, 147 
Belays, 147 
Bellamy, 60 
Belleys, 147 
Bellingham, 19 
Bellosys, 146 
Bendy she, 186 
Benedict, 128, 134 
Beonna, 65 
Bernard, 213-16 
Berrill, 276 
Berriman, 172 
Berry, 119, 139, 180, 254, 

268 
Besshope, 147 
Bethel, 176 
Beyer, 15 
Biokerdyke, 42 
Bifeild, 29 
Bigley, 93 
Billingham, 275 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Binsley, 182 

Biroh, 65 

Bird, 153 

Biide, 209 

Bishop, 146 

Blaok, 205 

Blacker, 211 

Blackwood, 84 

Blake, 31, 63-4, 125, 171 

Blanchmains, 50, 148 

Bland, 154 

Blandford, 193 

Bliss, 183 

BUssard, 256 

Blomfield, 113 

Blore, 209 

Blount, 239 

Bloxam, 123-30, 182-3, 
203 

Blnnkett, 248 

Blnnt, 172, 252 

Blyth, 199 

Blythe, 110 

Boccaooio, 193 

Bolam, 113 

BoUeyn, 209 

Bolsworth, 174 

Bolton, 96 

Bonney, 82, 87 

Booker, 97 

Boone, 76 

Boflsn, 148 

Boteler, 64 

Boughton, 128 

Boultbee, 92 

Bourne, 181 

Bouyerie, 275-6 

Bowier, 121 

Box, 173-5 

Brackin, 110 

Bradburrye, 88 

Bradforde, 120 

Brafield, 240 

Brainsley, 22 

Braithwait, 33 

Brande, 55 

Braunsonne, 120 

Bray, 57 

Braye, 221, 225 

Brent, 57 

Brenting, 65 

Breton, 172 

Bridge, 29 

Bridgeman, 154 

Bridger, 139 

Bridges, 9, 10, 13, 42, 58, 
64, 80, 85, 91-2, 119, 
121, 148, 154, 187,.227, 
246, 251, 255, 267 



Bridgewater, 52 

duke, 104 

earl. 111 

Briggs, 212, 260-1 
Bright, 267 
Briscoe, 60 
Bristo, earl, 122 
Briton. 61 
BritteU, 276 
Brocke, 228 
Brockman, 109 
Broke, 70 

Brokhampton, 51, 149 
Broks, 146 
Bromwich, 125, 178 
Broocke, 122 
Brook, 81, 186 
Brooke, 116, 211 
Brooker, 241 
Brookes, 64 
Brooks, 24 
Brookshaw, 22 
Brouks, 147 
Brower, 146-7 
Brown, Browne, 36, 64, 

113, 121-2, 163, 184, 

191, 260 
Brudenell, 96 
Bruges, 109 
Brunswick, elector, 25 
Bryton, 210 
Buccleuoh, duke, 92-8 

duchess, 201 

Bucholz, 268 
Buck, 93 
Buckinghamshire, earl, 

88 
Buoknall, Bucknell, 268 
Bull, 46, 167, 186, 202 
BuUingham, 66 
Bulstrode, 268 
Burbage, 214-15 
Burford, 109 
Burke, 104, 158 
Burleigh, baron. 111, 

209 

lord, 8, 36, 47-8 

Burliyant, 170 
Bumham, 185 
Bumn, 251 
Burrough, 123 
Burton, 141, 154 
Bushop, 148 
Busweil, 68 
Butcher, 273 
Butler, 147, 226 
Butlin, 23 
Buttery, 251 
Byokley, 120 



Gaimes, 23 

Galamy, 183 

Galandnni, 96 

Gamden, 120 

yifioount, 79, 123, 

210 
Gampbell, 201 
Gampion, 112, 211 
Ganterbury, archbishop, 

41, 209 
Carbutt, 146-7 
Cardigans, 38 
Carey. 18, 121, 128 
Garleton, 210 
Carlyle, 68 
Carrington, 70 
Garter, 22, 156, 212 
Gartwright, 88, 138-9 
Gastile, 102 
Gaterall, 121 
Catherine of Arragon, 

127 

of Spain, 144 

Catling, 87 
Caulkin, 189 
Gaunfeilde, 121 
Gaye, 265 
Gawdrey, 154 
Cayworth, 210 

Cecil, Oeoill, 33, 37, 47-8, 

111, 209-10, 225 
Geobred, 65 
Ghaoomb, 259 
Chamberlain, 202 
Ghamberlin, 56, 123 
Chambers, 261 
Ghandoys, lord, 109 
Chaxmer, 119 
Chapman, 178, 216, 260- 

1,266 
Charity, 210 
Charles, king, 25, 27, 122 
I., 80, 88, 48, 79, 

181, 186, 192, 221-2, 

224, 226, 251 

n.. 70, 79, 162, 

166, 208, 224, 236, 250, 
273 

Charleton, 108 
Charlotte, princess, 157 
Ghatto, 189 
Chaucer, 134, 160, 168 
Chaworth, 57 
Cheney, 70 
Chester, 69, 77, 147, 239, 

266 
ChesUin, 269 
Ghichele, Ghicheley, 41<- 

4, 51, 109-10 



Index I. — Names of Persons. 



XI. 



OhiUingwortli, 166 
Ghipeey, 261 
Chiswdl, 23 
Ghitty, 257 
Christian, 113 
Gibber, 236 
CioCTO, 193 
Clagg, 167 
Glare, 81-2, 121 
dark, 20, 170, 234, 274 
Clarke, 30, 45, 69, 72, 

84-6, 110, 123, 164, 

167 
Clarke -Thombill, 114, 

201 
daudins, emperor, 161 
GlaTering, 46, 185, 259 
daypole, Gleypole, fte., 

35, 64, 111, 238-40, 

246-52 
Clayton, 96, 140, 142, 

176, 267-9 
Clements, 46 
Clench, 30 
Gierke, 45 
Clerpoote, 239 
Cleton, Cletonn, 16, 209, 

267 
Clifden, Tisoonnt, 192 
Cobham, 211 
Gockenalle, 121 
Cockain, 79 
Colbraad, 148 
Cole, 13, 22, 89, 92, 172 
Coles, 127, 164 
Collinee, 121 
CoIIins,79 
Collis,266 
Collfionne, 120 
Colprane, 146 
Combe, 129 
Compton, 96, 122, 219 
Comyns, 67 
Conny, 227 
Conquest, 57, 69 
Consort, prince, 167 
Conway, 210 
Conyers, 15, 16, 111, 208, 

210 
Cooke, 252, 272 
Cooknalle, 121 
Cope, 111 
Corbett, 230 
Cornish, 175-6 
Cotes, 105 
Coton, 66 
Cottingham, 210 
Cottrifl,21 
CoTentry, eari, 104, 106 



CoTentiy, Tisooimt, 105 

lord, 123 

Cow, 147 

Cowpare, 121 

Cowper, 46-7, 68, 64, 69, 

148, 209 
Cox, 163, 276 
Craford, 26 
Crawley, 266-7 
Cremor, 258 
Creswell, 269 
Crewe, 78 

lord, 186 

Crick, 228 

Criswell, 106 

Crofts, 45 

Cromwell, 26-8, 81, 36, 

48, 66-8, 80, 190, 202, 

238-9, 247 
Cropley, 251 
Crosbey, 120 
Gomberland, bishop, 183 
Ciinard, 5 
Cundell, 214-16 
Gnrle, 223, 226 
Curtiss, 177 
Cuthberht, prince, 66 
Cutte, 12 
Back, 17 
Dacre, 137 
DaSeme, 210 
I>ahl,225 
Dale, 261 
Dallington, 28-9 
Danver, 266 
Bamley, earl, 224 
Darrell, 227 
Danphin, the, 94 
Davey, 227 
Davids, 48 
Davidson, 30 
Davis, 18 
Davys, 76, 167 
Dawes, 54 
Dawsonne, 120 
Deagle, 176 
De Bassyng, 165 
De Bohun, 149 
Decker, 160 
De Costentein, 115 
De Desburgh, 116 
Dee, 29 

De Esseby, 128 
De Goldingham, 201 
De Grey, 251 
De Harcourt, 149 
De Hette, 133 
De Holland, 149 
De la Haye, 149 



De la Han, 34^ 

De Lyons, 128 

De Maszinghi, 14, 15 

De Hontfort, 32 

De Hellent, 148 

De Nevin, 107 

Denmark, prinoe, prin* 

cess, 177 
Deormod, 66 
De Poltone, 116 
Depup, 210 
De Qaend, 149 
De Qninoev, 50-1, 67-8 
Derby, earl, 62 
De Boos, 3, 4 
DeBos, 76 

Desborough, lord, 116 
De Stafford, 119 
De St. Lia, 186 
De Torenn, abbot, 270 
Deubery, 148 
De Vere, 127 
De Wilde, 164, 213-14 
Dicey, 127, 230-1 
Dickens, 106 

Dillingham, 207 
Dilworth, 261 
Dixsonne, 120 
Doddridge, 68-9, 86, 

218-19 
Dolben, 252 
Doughty, 66 
Dove, 17 
Downey, 23 
Drayton, 172 
Dring, 80, 176 
Dryden, 125, 192, 201, 

205, 211, 262 
Dubois, 173, 176, 208 
Dudley, 175 
Dulley, 86, 272 
Dumbleton, 78 
Dunbar, countess, 56 
Duncumb, 168 
Dunkley, 261 
Dunsmore, 122 
Dunstable, prior, 261 
Duran, 121 
Durant, 208 
Durden, 236-7 
Durham, biehop, 135 
Durham, 140-2 
Durning, 252 
Dymlbe, 147 
Eadmund, king, 65 
Eadward, king, 66 
Easton, 273 
Ebatt, 147 



Xll. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



BbhjBy 147 
Edens, 20 
Edge, 260 
Edmondson, 110 
Edward, king, 229 

I., 38, 149, 187, 202 

n., 267 

in., 115, 166, 202 

IV., 82, 96, 128, 

162-8, 208, 287, 250 
Ti., 29, 89, 62, 80, 

138, 150, 208 
Edwards, 167, 219 
Egerton, 111 
Ekin8,77 
Elatt, 146 
Eldridge, 22 
Elizabetii, queen, 3, 16, 

38,96,117,187-8,164, 

182, 192, 196-7, 202, 

222-3, 261 
Ellis, 22 
EUyot, 148 
Else, 170 
Elton, 78 
Elyett, 148 
Emerson, 197 
Empson, 79 
England, 210 
Emulph, 74 

Essex, earl, 122, 149, 174 
Eyans, 156 
Everard, 67-8 
Ewing, 17 
Exeter, earl, 111 
Eykyn, 226 
Fairfax, 27, 68, 98 
Faloonbridge, viseonn- 

tess, 238-9 
Fane, 40 
Farmer, Fermor, 49, 56, 

64, 78-80, 120, 269 
Farrin, 274 

Farthinghoe, lord, 269 
Faussett, 137 
Fawkner, 96 
ffirmin, 140 
ffroHt, 63 
fFullshurst, Fulhurst, 16, 

210 
Field, 143 
Fielding, 219 
Fiennes, 143-6 
Figg, 263 
Filks, 171 
Finch-Hatton, 113 
Finisheved, canons of, 61 
Firebrass, 263 
Firmin, 141-2 



Firth, 238 

Fisher, 66, 169, 227 

Fitzhugh, 276 

Fitzwilliam, 28, 247, 268 

Flanders, 171 

Flechare, 121 

Flecknoe, 162 

Fletoher, 167, 226, 269 

FUnt, 228 

Foley, 118 

Ford, 141-2 

Forman, 271 

Fortesoue, 66 

Foster, 77, 91 

Fowokes, 122 

Fowkes, 236 

Fowler, 20, 29, 36, 140-1 

Fowlwell, 54 

Fox, 139, 167 

France, 164 

Francis, 22 

Franklin, 21 

Fraser-I^er, 226 

Fray, 42 

Freeman, 91, 164, 176 

Frellonii, 86 

Fretter, 236 

Frewen, 97 

Fry, 59, 60 

Fuller, 18, 29, 44, 84-6, 

109-10, 258, 267 
Fumise, 121 
Gadbery, 227 
Gage, 67 

Gainsborough, 193 
Galf , 267 

Gallienus, emperor, 151 
Gamble, 167 
Gape, 141 
Gardener, 120 
Gardner, 266 
Garfield, 64, 72-3 
Garland, 124 
Garlike, 121 
Gamall, 77 
Garter, 119 
Gates, 276 
Gay, 169 
Geary, 46 
Gent, 19 
Gtentill, 67 

George, 71, 89, 164, 192 
G«orge, king, 26, 56 

I., Ill, 264 

ni., 22, 97, 194 

Gervais, 45 
Gery, 266-6 
Gesfiine, 249 
Gibbon, 193 



Gibbons, S7, 276 
Gibbs, Gibbes, 16S 
Gibelinus, 206 
Gibson, 66, 166, 274 
Gigger, 181 
Gillett, GuieQet, 266 
Glen, 167 
Glenur 124 
Glosier, 55 
Gloucester, duke^ 184» 

225 
Goohe, 227-ft 
Goddard, 166 
Godwin, 44, 62, 65-6 
Goffe, 63 
Goldsmith, 161 
Goodenough, 176 
Goodladd, 16 
Goodman, 29 
Goodwin, 86 
Goorly, 23 
Gorham, 267 
Goring, 123 
Gorthan, 248 
Gosey, 120 
Gotch, 113-14, 119 
Gouge, 141-2 
Gough, 262 
Goulde, 121 
Gouldston, 121 
Gourand, 113 
Gower, 257 

Grafton, duke, 221, 224 
Granger, 166, 246-7 
Grant, 170, 202 
Granville, 104 
Gray, 38, 82 
Graye, 121 
Greaves, 238 
Green, 166, 248 
Greene, 69, 110, 122,202 
. Greenway, 246 
Grenawaye, 121 
Grenfield, 268 
Grenvile, 268 
Greswold, 220-1 
Grey, 174, 176, 181, 269 
Griffin, 2, 3, 209 
Griffith, 86, 141, 183 
Griffiths, 143 
Griffyth-ap-Conan, 47 
Grimm, 216 
Gro8art, 86 
Gryffen, 208 
GryflFjm, 16, 209 
Gudgeon, 275 
GuelfiuB, 206 
Gunning, 89, 104-6 
Gunton, 155 



Index I. — Names of Persons. 



xui. 



Gntteridge, 167 
Guy of Warwick, 229-31 
Gybbines, 122 
Haoket, 155, 182 
Hadestok, 165 
Haflbnden, 254 
Hale, 246 
Hales, 71, 218 
Halford, 77, 222, 226 
Hall, 209, 214-15, 234 
Hallam, 20 
Hallen, 87 

HaUiwell, 13, 213-16 
HaUiwell-Pbillipps, 213- 

16 
Hamilton, duke, 104-6 
Hamond, 269 
Hampden, 116, 268-9 
Hanbory* 152 
Handyside, 29 
HanneB, 121 
Hanson, 275 
Haroourt, 85 
Hardin, 256 
Harforde, 181 
Harrenton, 259 
Harrington, 228 

earl, 104 

Harris, 103, 167 
Harrison, 20, 45 
Hart, 139 
Hartford, 122 
Hartley, 77 
Hartshome, 111 
Harvey, 143, 266 
HaseU,121 
Hassall, 24 
Hatfeild, 209 
Hatton, 38, 113, 192, 

194, 196-7 
Hawker, 239 
Hawkes, 60 
Hawkins, Hawkyns, 54- 

5, 148 
Haynes, 41, 188 
Hayton, 45 
Healey, 123 
Heap, 45 
Heath, 171 
Heathe, 120 
Hebomne, 120 
Hedda, 65 
Helyett, 147 
Hemjrnge, 214-15 
Henchman, 183 
Henry i., 116, 191 

n., 102, 191, 267 

m., 15, 32, 116, 149, 

187, 267 



Henry m., of France, 

226 

T., 42, 162 

VI., 4, 95. 260 

vn., 52, 208-9, 237, 

250, 259 
vm., 15, 49, 75, 80, 

108, 127, 137-8, 144, 

150, 191, 267 

prince, 48 

Henseman, 121 
Henshaw, 155 
Hensman, 21 
Henson, 76, 252 
Herbert, 56, 239 
Hereford, earl 51- 
Hertford, earl, 149 
Hervey, 191 
Heywarde, 54 
Hiall, 209 
Hickman, 171 
HiU, 151, 182, 249 
Hinde, 172 
Hindley, 231 
Hitchcock, 170 
Hobbs, 146 
Hodges, 22 
Hogarth, 163 
Hoist, 113 
Holbein, 85-6 
Holdich, 253 
Holding, 113 
Holland, 51 

earl, 122 

lord, 149 

Hollannde, 121 
Horns, 260 
Holloway, 48 
Holman, 56, 101 
Holton, 235 
Homan, 122 
Homer, 193, 198 
Honorius in., pope, 201 
Hood, 67 

Hooker, 176 
Hooper, 102 
Hopkins, 260 
Hopwoode, 121 
HoTsman, 64 
Hort, 158 
Hotten, 246 
Houghton, 154 
Houward, 122 
Howard, 17, 57, 174,225 
Howarth, 233-4 
Howe, 258 
Howes, 85, 214 
Howeton, 154 
Howeti, 59 



Howorth, 183 
Hubbard, 17 
Huddersford, 230 
Hudson, 33, 246, 261 
Hungrid, 65 
Hunt, 92, 112, 128,172, 

210, 276 
Hurland, 29 
Hussey, 109 
Hucchins, 181 
Hyde, 224, 274 
HypoorateuR, 231 
Ingram, 251 
Inwood, 276 
Irefcon, 67-8 
Isham, 77, 116-17, 152 
Ivens, 188 
Jsckman, 117, 119 
James, 157, 232 
James i., 14, 39, 117, 

120, 154, 251 

n., 176, 204, 224 

in., 226 

IV., of Scotland, 209 

vn., 224 

vm., 226 

Janeway, 208 

Janaon, 48 

Janssen, 212 

Jefferies, 208 

Jekyll, 176 

JeUis, 188, 266 

Jenks, 176 

Joannes, 120-1 

Jobson, 19 

John, king, 39, 166, 187, 

191, 194-5 
Johnson, 69, 134, 190, 

205, 248 
Jones, 21, 30, 38, 69, 191, 

194-5, 202 
Jonson, 214-15 
Jordan, 209 
Judd, 181 
Kaufman, 193 
Keden', 64 
Kele, 134 
Kelley, 23, 216 
Kennethie, Kennedy, 228 
Kennett, 154, 184-5 
Kent, earl, 223 
Key, 158, 176 
Kidd, 250 
Kidney, 45 
Kimber, 116 
Kimbould, 166 
King, 95 
Kingston, 158 
Kingstonne, 120 



XIV. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



KirkhAm, 210 
Enapp, 109 
KneUer, 128, 224 
Knight, 97, 121, 264-6 
KniKhtley, 46, 268-9 
Knotsford, Knutteaford, 

65 
Lamb, 63 
Lambert, 212 
Lane, 66, 227 
Langel', 64 
Langham, 186 
Langley, 120 
Lanelej, Edmund of, 94 
LarcLier, 168 
Latham, 91, 93 
Laud, 72 
Law, 21 
Lawrence, 124, 126, 140, 

261 
Leafield, 289, 249 
Lee, 120, 147-8, 161, 188 
Leeman, 161 
Lees, 183 
Leioester, earl, 32, 49, 

60, 148-9 
Leland, 9, 160 
Lely, 224 
LelYS, 193 
LeMoine,92, 241-6 
Lempster, 79 
Le Neye, 239 
Lewis, 168 
Lincoln^ bishop, 8, 60, 

149 
— ^- chancellor, 64 
Linnett, 114 
Lister, 120, 211 
Littlehales, 217 
Lively, 182 
Loake, 69 
Lookinge, 27 
Lookwood, 184 
Locock, 172 
LoUe, 64 

London, bishop, 96, 177 
Lougrill, 69 
Louesey, 121 
Lovat, 226 
Lovell, 61-2, 149-60 
Lovett, 116 
Lowdey, 70 
Lowndes, 268 
Lucas, 266 
Lnffe, 208 
Lumley, 264 
Luther, 181 
Luttrell, 173-6, 178-9 
Lydootte, 122 



Lyne, 77-8 

Lynn, 88 

Lyon, 170 

Lytcott, 67 

MacDonnell, 168 

MacDouall, 184 

Maoe, 180-1 

Madden, 106 

Madox, 168 

Magee, 167-8 

Mahew, 133 

Mailes, 111, 210 

Maitland, 176 

Males, 111 

Man, 70 

Manderyill, 122 

Mann, 104 

Mantell, Mauntell, 70-1, 

137-140, 227-8, 269, 

266-8 
Mapletoft, 109 
March, 81 
MarchaU, HI, 210 
Margaret, princess, 209 
Margetes, 121 
Marie Stuart, 83-4 
Mark, 202 
Markham, 162 
Marlborough, duchess, 

143 
Marriate, 121 
Marriott, 233-6 
Marsh, 167 
Marshall, 120, 146, 173, 

220 
Marson, 266 
Martin, 47, 208 
Martyn, 264 
Mary, queen, 2, 11, 137, 

143, 177, 181-2, 208, 

227 

n., 224 

queen of Scots, 83, 

87, 93-6, 144, 221-7 
_ de Mediois, 226 
^— of Modena, 224 
Mason, 208, 263 
Massey, 166 
Massi, 226 
Mastin, 67, 107-9 
Maylles, 208 
Mayoe, 124 
Mayor, 166 
Meade, 110, 260 
Meades, 121 
Medbury, 164 
Mellent, earl, 148 
Melville, 67 
Mercer, 178 



Meriton, 140-2 
Merrill, 276 
Metcalfe, 239, 262 
Methuen, 120 
Middlefcon, 186 
Mignard, 224 
Mildmay, 39, 40 
Millais, 163 

MiUer, 161,218,282,266 
Milner, 168 
Milton, 270 
Misson, 169, 162 
Mobbs, 172, 276 
Mokellton, 148 
Mokynton, 147 
Molsoe, 122 
Monckton, 113 
Monings, 116-16 
Monk, 78 

Monmouth, duke, 174 
MonUgue, 92-3, 127, 201 
Montfort, 60 
Moor, 266 ; Moore, 176 
Mordan, 69 
More, 116-17 
Morgan, 20 
Morle, 64 
Morrison, 226 
Morter, 147 
Mortlook, 268 
Mowere, 147 
Moys, 146 
Mmlman, 23-4 
Mulliner, 236 
Munns, 167 
Munton, 16 
Murray, 68 
Napoleon, 194 
Kau, 226 
Neild, 256-6 
Nethercote, 69 
Neville, 96 
Nevinson, 32 
Newcastle, 104 
Newman, Newnham, 1 26, 

130, 141, 208, 264, 269 
Newton, 29, 46-6 
Nichols, 183 
Nioolson, 173 
Noble, 238 
Noel, 79, 210 
Noell, 208 
Norfolk, archdeacon, 29 

duke, 226 

Norman, 164 
North, 113, 176 
Northampton, earl, 122-8 
Northumberland, eazl, 

209 



Index /. — Names of Persons. 



XV. 



KortoD, 262 
Korwich, 4 
Korwyoh, 220 
Kottmghaitt,ead, S2, 1 IS 
Nugent, 269 
KaUej, 31 
Gates, 118 
Ofley, 146 
Oglethorpe, 15 
OldchnTch, 45 
Organer, 210 
Orleans, dachess, 224 
Onne, 31 

Ormond, maxqnis, 166 
Oipin, 70 
Orton, 58, 76, 91 
Osborne, 64, 116-17, 247, 

252, 260, 276 
Osborne, 268 
Ottobon,32 
Oatram, 141 
Orerbury, 271 
Overstone, lord, 214 
Owen, 140, 142, 258 
Owine, 121 
Oxford, earl, 237 
Page, 69, 209, 
PageU, 122 
Paine, 172 
Pallade, 120 
Palmer, 62, 70, 264 
Palmerston, 169 
Papillon, 95-102, 176, 208 
Paraiter, 262 
Parker, 83, 191 
Parsons, 157 
Patrick, 141, 156-6, 248, 

250 
Patsett, 66 
Panlett, 122 
Pearoe, 18, 46 
Pearch»24 
Pearse, 137-8 
Peohe, 146 
Peck, 163, 276 
Peooke, 121 
Peirce, 237 
Pelham, 104, 137 
Pell, 54-6, 266 
Penn, 24, 117 
Pennell, 147 
Penrose, 113 
Pepper, 16, 208 
Perceval, 19, 270, 276 
Perch, earl, 116 
Perdral, 76 
Perry, 79, 136, 204 
Personne, 121 
Peter, 154 



Peterboroiigh, abbot, 34, 

127 
bishop, 17, 29, 186, 

209 
Petre, 226 
Pettit, 170 
Petyver, 259 
Peverell, 267 
Philemon, 61 
Philip, king, 2, 11 
Philips, 36 
Philipot, 139 
Phillimore, 64, 256, 267 
Phillips, 215, 230-1 
Phipps, 172, 192 
Pickford, 206 
Pidgeon, 72 
Pierce, 272 
Piers, 154 
Pike, 46 

Pilkington, 173-9 
Pinchon, 41 
Pincksrde, 122 
Pindar, Pyndar, 13, 14, 

80 * 

Pingo, 23 
Pinkard,172 
Plantagenet, 96 
Player, 176 
Playfere, 182 
Plowden, 66 
Plowman, 240 
Pomfret, earl, 79 
Poole, 141-2 
Pope, 49, 53 
Person, 184 

Postnmns, emperor, 151 
Poulton, Pnlton, 57, 88, 

115-19, 204 
Powell, 47, 239 
Powis, dnke, 66 
Pratt, 55, 70 
Prattent, 107 
Preston, 84-6 
Pletty, 187 
Price, 48, 239 
Priohard, 214, 216 
Priveeeale, lord, 123 
Proctor, 131 
Pulcher, 146-7 
Puller, 84 
Pynne, 4 
Quaritch, 77 
Qointillns, emperor, 151 
Raikes, 20, 231 
Bainsford, 264 
Rands, 165 
Banson, 87 
Raphael, 201 



Rawlins, 69, 272 
Ray, 241 
Read, 78 
Reading, 141 
Reave, 122 
Reed, 171 
Relston, 147 
Rembrandt, 193 
Reyell, 146, 272-8 
Reynold, 193 
Rich, 176 
Richard x., 166, 191 

n., 82, 191 

m., 52, 82, 163 

Richardson, 37, 130, 138, 

199 
Richmond, oonntess, 209 
Ridal,112 
Riky, 23 
Ring, 45 
Rivers, 250 
Rizzio, 94 
Roberts, 167,266 
Robinson, 54, 56, 137» 

156, 170,204,266 
Robinsoune, 120 
Rochediffe, 34 
Rodes, 154 
Rodney, 167, 276 
Roker, 120 
Rooke, 66 
Rose, 143 
Ronbiliac, 201 
Rowse, 72 

Roxburgh, duke, 198 
Rubens, 126 
Rubgis, 71 
Rudinge, HI 
Rndkin, 111 
Rufforde, 28 
Rufforth, 11-13 
Ruf us, William, 6 
Rugge, 30 
Rupert, prince, 68, 222, 

226 
Russell, 111, 227 
Ryland, 18, 45-6 
Rysbraok, 128 
Sackvile, 219 
Saint John, 154 
SaHsbury, earl, 89, 122 
Salonina, emperor, 151 
Salt, 14 
Sanders, 21 
Sands, Sandys, 181-2 
Satohwell, 271-2 
Saunders, 56, 118, 170, 

176, 208 
Savell, 122 



XVI. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Saxbey, 121 

Saye and Sele, 143, 269 

Scarlett, 94 

Scarth, 180 

Soatlev, 251 

Soharf, 223 

Soott, 46, 61, 113, 188 

Seaire, Seare, Seayre, 70 

Sean, 22 

Selby, 170 

Senhonse, 46 

Serjeant, 17 

Seymour, 260 

Shackleton, 120 

Shaftesbury, earl, 174 

Shakespeare, 1, 21, 213- 

16, 168, 276 
Sharpe, 276 
Shaw, 260-1 
SheUd, 64 
Shepard, Shepherd, 

Sheppard, &o., 29, 30, 

68-6, 76-6, 96, 120, 

122, 146-8, 182, 240, 

265, 269 
Shereman, 210 
Shillingfleet, 141-2 
Short, 141 
Shred, 267 

Shrewsbury, earl, 223 
Shryvyn, 64 
Shuckbrugh, 67, 266 
Shute, 173-6 
Siddons, 236 
Sitsylk, Sitsylt, 47-8 
Slater, 210 
Slatgune, 12 
Smaylles, 12, 13 
Smith, 116,147,164,269 
Smyght, 130 
Smyth, 46, 48, 66, 121, 

146, 148, 166, 276 
Snyder, 193 
Somers, 80 
Souche, 9 
South wark, 178 
Soveryn, 127 
Speed, 166 
Spenoer, 17, 126, 192-8, 

221, 224-6, 273 
Sponne, 29, 128, 136 
Spooner, 106 
Spurgeon, 222 
Squart, 261 
St. Andrew, 228 
St. Johan, 269 
St.JohU, 210 
Stafford, 38, 119, 194 
earl, 166 



Stamford, countess, 48 
Standley, 56 
Stanley, 247 
Stephen, king, 116, 191 
Stilgoe, 269 
Still, 268 

StUlingfleet, 140, 268 
Stoddart, 266 
Storey, 122 
Stott, 147 
Stoughton, 77 
Stow, 48-4, 176, 179 
Stoyte, 210 
Strafford, lord, 27 
Strange, lord, 62 
Strangford, visoount, 44 
Stratforde, 121 
Strype, 179, 181-2 
Stuart, 221 
Sturgis, 264 
Sturman, 266 
Styles, 210 
Stylle, 13 
Suokley, 31 
SummerfieM, 172 
Swallow, 272 
Sweyn of Denmark, 191 
Swift, 166 
Swinock, 176 
Swinsoo, 260 
Sykes, 113 
Symes, 121 
Tallis, 70 
Tanner, 267 
Tate, 187-8,267 
Taubman, 177-8 
Tawyer, 16 
Tayler, 219 
Taylor, 33, 114, 119, 

126-9, 164, 167, 172, 

232, 286 
Tebbitt, 188 
Teere, 70 
Tester, 121 

Tetricus, emperor, 161 
Thickbroom, 249 
Thimmelby, 226 
Thomas, 18, 22 
Thompson, 46, 118, 162, 

176 
Thombury, 14 
Thome, 209 
Thomhill, 201 
Thornton, 99, 102, 121, 

266 
Thorogood, 210 
Thorofd, 209 
Thorpe, 36, 38, 127, 194, 

202, 272 



Thursby, 216-16 
Tiberius, emperor, 14 
TiUey, 232 
Tillotson, 140-2 
Tite, 161 
Tomalin, 276 
Tomlin, 178 
Tomlinson, 266 
Toplady, 46 
Topper, 260 
Treeves, 16 
Tregelle, 178 
Tresham, 2-4, 114, 119^ 

200-2 
Treslove, 164 
Trott, 268 
Troup, 274 
Tryons, 10 
Tuckett, 180 
Tuer, 148 
Tulse, 176 

Turner, 124, Ul, 178 
Tumey, 266-7 
Turton, 184 
Tutt^, 184 
Twells, 240 
Twisleton, Twimlingh- 

ton, 63, 69, 70 
Tyrill, 268 
Ifnderhill, 117 
Unwin, 47 
Urban, 107-8 
Yaldarfer, 193 
Vangelder, 201 
Yaughan, 47 
Yereist, 48 
Yemen, 66, 170, 188 
Yictoria, queen, 19, 20, 

221-2 
Yiotorinus, emperor, 161 
Yinoent, 4, 67, 119 
Yirgil, 211-12 
YitaUan, pope, 66 
Yores, 164-6 
Waeotte, 121 
Wade, 266 

Wadmore, 173, 177, 179 
Wagstaff, 258 
Wake, 166-7 
Wakeley, 147 
Wakeling, 148 
Wakelyng, 146 
Waloott, 208, 210 
Wale, 210 
Walford, 14 
Walker, 87-8, 109, 121, 

163, 172, 272 
Wallingfoid, baron, 229 
WalliB, 248 



Index L — Nantes of Persons. 



xvu. 



Walpole, 104, 106, 270 
Walter, 186 
Ward, 146, 148, 266 
Warde, 16 
Warr, 266 
Warren, 164 
Warrinton, 105 
Warwick, 272 

earl, 122, 229 

Waryn, 76 
Waahingrton, 193-4, 230, 

261-3 
Waters, 268 
Watkin, 69 
Watkine, 121 
WatBoxme, 121 
Watte, 117 
Waynflete, 62 
Webb, 67 
Weedon, 266 
Weever, 44 
Welchman, 148, 160 
WeUee, 13 
Wella, 111 
Wemnan, 116 
Wedey, 20 
West, 268 
Westcott, 167-8 
Weste, 120-1 
WesUey, 122 
Westmoreland, coimtess, 

66 

earl, 39, 95 

Weyden, 126 
Whalley, 31, 63, 63 
Wharton, 122 
Wheler, 220 
Whichcot, 140-2 
Whitaker, 181 
White, 104 
Whitmy, 276 



WhittaU, 163 
WMttington, 42-3 
Wbyte-MelviUe, 192 
Wickbam, 176 
Wicklev, 16 
Wifirfrid, 66 
Willeys, 133 
Wilkenson, 13 
Wilkin, 92 
Wilkinsonne, 121 
WiUett, 168 
William, king, 136, 143. 

176-7 

m.. Ill, 202 

the Conqueror, 6, 

202, 267 
king of Scotland, 

191 
Williams, 88, 166, 182 
Williamson, 183, 210 
Williat, 168 
Willington, 128 
Willis, 64, 148, 164-6, 

183, 266 
WiUs, 266 
Wilson, 63, 66-6 
Wilsonne, 121 
Winchester, earl, 60-1, 

149 
Winchilsea, 113,221,226 
WinckeUes, 121 
Windus, 189 
Winfrye, 210 
Wingfield, 239, 262 
Winstanley, 166 
Winter, 46, 121 
Wisdom, 24 
Wiseman, 184 
Wissing, 224 
WlBsingraft, 30 
Wodhams, 161 



Woffington, 104 
WoUaston, 112 
Wood, 66, 86, 166, 183, 

260, 269 
Woodcock, 64 
Woode, 120-2 
Woodlark, 211 
Woolfe, 72-3 
WooU, 124 
Woolley. 232, 273 
Woolston, 170 
Worcester, bishop, 268 
Workman, 166 
Worley, 88 
Worseley, 63 
Wouverman, 193 
Wren, 191 
Wright, 146, 209, 266, 

269 
Wrighte, 48, 120-1 
Wriothesley, 264 
Wnlfere, kmg, 66 
Wulfred, 66 
Wyatt, 187 
WyclifP, 16 
Wykeham, 116 
Wykerley, 16 
Wykes, 70 
Wylley, 127 
WyUs, 146 
Wyngfeyld, 260 
Wyon, 21 

Wytham, 16, 16, 208 
XaTier, 118 
Yeowell, 33 
York, arohbishop, 166 

duchess, 224 

dnke, 94-6, 176, 237 

Zuochero, 224 
Zouohe, 9, 10, 61, 149 
Alan la, 61 



In dex II 



Plages in Northamptonshire. 



Abington, 85, 218>16 

Abthorpe, 55, 121, 158, 254-5 

Addmgton, 16, 143 

Ailsworth, 212, 253 

Alderton, 122 

Aldwinckle, 130 

Althorp, 17, UO-2, 192 

Apethorpe, 37-40, 130 

Arbery, 202 

Ashbj, 149 

Aahby, Canons, 131, 262 

ABhby, GasUe, 3, 128, 202 

Afihby, Gold, 132 

Aahby, Mean, 62 

Afihby S. Legers, 45, 130 

Aehley, 4, 130 

Afihton or Ashton-Easton, 80 

Aston le Walls, 130, 203 

Astwell, 116 

Aynbo,88 

Badby, 65, 130 

Sainton, 130, 136 

Barby, 182 

Bamaok, 18, 57, 74, 129-30, 179, 185, 

218 
BamweU, 6, 89-93, 130, 202, 241-5 
Barton Seagraye, 130, 183 
Berry Wood, 194 
Billing, Great, 45 
BUiing, Little, 138, 228, 251 
Blakesley, 130, 259 
Blatberwiok, 119, 154 
Blisworth, 30, 240 
Boddington, 131, 151 
Borough Hill (Dayentry), 126 
Bonghton (Kettering), 113, 201 
Boughton (Northampton), 131, 282, 

273 
Bonghton Meare, 146 
Bozeat, 83 



BracUey, 30, 44, 49^8, 65-6, 78-80, 

148-51 
Brakefield, 146 
Brampton, 109, 220 
Brampton, Ghapel, 45 
Brampton, Ghnroh, 131, 192, 208 
Brannston, 12, 181 
Brigstook, 91, 129, 181, 157, 265 
Brington, 126, 181, 217 
Biington, Great, 193 
Brington, Little, 193 
Brixworth, 77-8, 129, 181, 202, 217 
Brodchall, 99, 181 
Broughton, 96, 115, 189, 265 
Buokby FoUy, 161 
Bugbrook, 151-2 
Biilwi(^96 
Bnroote, 122 

BnrghJ^81-2, 86-7, 191, 202, 251 
Burrow Bm, 202 
Barton Latimer, 181 
ByfifiOd, 109, 131 
Galdeoot, 80, 55, 122 
Garlton, East, 181, 208 
Gastor, 17, 73-4, 131, 189, 212-13, 

217-18, 259 
Gatesby, 131, 262 
Ghacombe, 132 
Gharwelton, 127, 181, 268 
Ghipping Warden, 182, 217 
Glayooton, 54-5 
Glopton or Glapton, 182 
Gogenhoe, 132, 217 
GoUingtree, 71, 137 
GoUy. Weston, 7, 10, 209, 249 
GoiseU, 147 
Gorby, 132, 154 
Goton, 266 

Gotterstook, 62, 93, 128, 132, 252 
Gottingham, 45, 132 



1 



XX. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Cotton End, 98, 100 

Oranfilej, 115, 137, 204, 265 

Crick, 129, 132, 217, 263 

Dallington, 108, 132 

Darlesootd, 240 

Dayentry, 27, 46, 64, 123, 126, 143-4, 

189 
Deene, 37 
Delapre, 190 
Benford, 132 

Desborongh, 88, 115-19, 132, 204 
Dingley, 2, 3, 132 
Dodfoid, 66y 128, 132, 265 
Draughton, 69-70 
Drayton, 4, 39, 96, 202 
Duddington, 10, 185 
Bofiton, 194 

Earlfi' Barton, 129, 132, 217-18 
Eastoote, 240 
Eaaton-bv-Stamfoid, 183 
Easton Keeton, 79-80, 120, 122, 268 
Ecton, 132, 270 
Etton, 249, 264 
Evenley, 49, 148-9 
Eyerdon, 65, 254 
Eydon or Eaton, 65, 154 
Eye, 76 

Farthinghoe, 259-60 
Farthingstone, 156 
Eawsley, 132, 203, 250, 269 
Faxton, 217 
Finfidon, 132, 217 
Fineahade, 61, 113, 210 
Fmiflheyed, 61 
Flooze, 27, 132 
FoBoote, 121 
Fotheringhay, 29, 81-4, 87, 89-95, 

133, 218, 221, 223, 225-6 
Geddington, 29, 113, 127, 133, 194 
Glapthom, 62 
Glinton, 155-7, 184 
Grafton Underwood, 155 
Greatworth, 262 
Green's Norton, 133, 227 
Grendon, 217 
Gretford, 70, 209 
Gretton, 7, 185 
Grimscote, 53-4, 122 
Guilsboroagh, 68, 264-6 
Haddon, West, 54, 69, 77 
Halse, 148 
Handley, 30 
Harandun, 65 
Hardingstone, 191 
Hargrave, 115, 183 
Harkstone, 107, 133 
Haimestone, 12 
Harringdon, 65 
Harrington, 154 
Harringworth, 2, 9 



Harrowden, 133 

Harworthe, 12 

Haslebeech, 107 

Helpston, 75, 133, 212, 264 

Hemington, 91, 95 

Heyford, 70-1, 137, 227, 259, 266 

Higham, Cold, 53, 132 

Higham Ferrers, 17, 31, 41, 43-4, 127, 
133, 227, 241, 267 

Hinton-in-the-Hedges, 83 

Holdenby or Holmby, 67, 192 

Hooe, 254 

Horton, 89, 104, 190, 240 

Hoogbton, Great, 88 

Houghton, Hang^g, 69 

Houghton, Little, 88, 228 

Irohester, 173, 202 

Irthlingborough, 133 

Islip, 133 . 

Jakesle, 270 

Eelmarsh, 115-16, 228, 252 

Kettering, 18, 28-9, 64, 96, 113-14, 
133, 154, 194, 198, 201-2, 265, 272 

Kilsby, 126, 133, 188, 228 

King's Cliffe, 38-9, 154, 248, 252 

King's Sutton, 133 

Kingsthorpe, 72-3, 108, 145, 147, 192 

Kirby, 23-4, 37-8, 113-15, 194-7 

Knuston Hall, 45 

Lamport, 69. 77, 116-17 

Litchborough, 133, 202 

LoddingtoD, 133 

Long Buckby, 188, 228 

Lowick, 133, 217 

Lutton or Leton, 180 

Lyveden, 114, 202 

Maidford, 133, 259 

MaidweU, 253 

Marston Trussell, 69, 133, 184 

Maxey, 17, 36, 73-6, 133, 157, 217, 
246, 264 

Medeshamstede, 65, 179 

Middleton Cheney, 124, 133 

Middleton Halsor, 134, 208 

Milton, 253 

Moreton Pinkney, 134 

Houlton or Holton, 4 

Naseby, 1, 27-8, 48, 66-9, 101, 107-9, 
114, 134,202,222 

Nassington, 57, 64, 134, 210, 257 

NewbotUe, 261 

Xobottle, 194 

Northampton, 15, 16, 19-22, 26-8, 
31-2, 45-6, 53-4, 58-62, 64, 71, 77, 
85, 89, 96-103, 107, 113-14, 126, 
127-8, 134, 143-6, 164, 168-73, 182- 
8, 186-7, 189-202, 208, 211, 213-14, 
217-19, 227-8, 229-37, 24K 255-6, 
260-2, 268-76 

Castle, 32 



Places in Northamptonshire. 



XXI. 



Northampton, All Samts', 84-6, 134, 
141, 191, 218, 234 

S. Andrew's, 262 

S. Giles*, 68 

S. Peter's, 72, 134, 191, 218 

S. Sepuldipe's, 14, 63, 61-2, 127, 

142, 191 

Northborough, 34-6, 64, 127, 134, 203, 

212, 239, 246-60, 262 
Kortoft, 266 
Norton, 266 

Oa3dey,GTeat,70, 116, 186 
Oundle, 22, 29, 41, 63, 91-3, 103, 134, 

167, 202, 206, 207, 217-18, 242 
Passenham, 134 
PattifihaU. 134 
Peakirk, 36, 166-7, 184 
Peterborongh, 13, 17, 22, 29, 31, 46, 

60, 63, 76-7, 80-1, 87, 113, 141, 144, 

146-7, 189, 217, 221, 240, 260 
Caihedral, 66, 74, 94, 114, 127-8, 

134, 144, 163-8, 179-86, 269 

S. John's, 167 

Pipewell, 136 

Pitsford, 136, 217-18 

Polebrook, 76-6, 136 

Potterspory, 63, 171 

Preston, 46, 64 

Pytchley, 69, 116, 166. 172 

Quinton, 186 

Baonds, 16, 46, 136 

Bingstead, 136 

Boade, 80, 267 

Bookingham, 6, 7, 39, 202 

EothweU, 2, 77, 114-16, 119, 127, 136, 

198-200, 202, 204, 217 
Bnshden, 136, 186-6, 217 
Bnshton, 4. 39, 113-14, 200-1, 217 
Slapton, 97, 264-6 
Somenhale, 267 
Sonthwiok, 88, 167 
Spratton, 136 
Stamford Baron, HI 
Stanford, 136, 217 
Stanion, 60 

Stanny4 ^^^ 

Stanwick, 228, 262 

Stayerton, 83, 124 

8tene,'136 

Stoke Albany, 3, 4, 146-7 

Stoke'Doyle, 110, 128 

Stonyard, 60 

Stowe, 128, 136, 203 

Stowe Nine Chnrehes, 136, 203 

Stratford, Old, 189 

Strizton, 136 

Sndborongh, 127, 136, 217 



Sulehay, 206 

Snlgraye, 261-3 

Sutton Bassett, 136 

Syresham, 69, 238 

SyweU, 4 

Tansor, 93, 96, 136, 217 

Thorp, 136 

Thorpe Lanketon, 148 

Thorpe Malsor, 136 

Thrapston, 83, 136, 202 

Tichmanih, 183 

Tiffield, 46, 240 

Tixoyer, 209 

Towcester, 24, 29, 30, 32, 65^ 83, 96, 

120-2, 128, 136, 161, 168, 169, 203, 

266, 260 
Uflford, 11-18, 136, 217 
Upton, 72-3, 262 
Wakerley, 10, 16-16, 33, 74, 111-12, 

208-11 
Walgraye, 166, 168 
Walmsford, 136, 203 
Wansford, 186, 203, 206 
Wapenham, 122, 164 
Warkton, 201 
Warkworth, 128 
Warmington, 136, 218, 261 
Watford, 46 
Weedon, 1<89 
Weedon Beck, 220 
Weekley, 3, 91, 127 
Weldon, 70, 107, 113-16 
Weldon, GFreat, 194 
Welford, 118 
Wellingborough, 13, 86, 113, 172, 188, 

264, 267, 272 
Weston Fayell, 228 
Weston-upon-Welland, 136, 187-8 
Whiston, 136 
Whitfield, 238 
Wioken, 168 
.Wilbarston, 146-7 
Wilby, 264 
Winwick, 64 
Wittering, 74, 136 
Wollaaton, 228 
Woodoroft, 33-6 
Woodfield, 146 
Woodford, 136 
Wood Newton, 136, 261 
Woolleys, Naseby, 48„66-9 
Wothorp, 37 
Wotton, 261 
Wudestowe, 270 
Tardley Chase, 202 
Yaidley Hastings, 228 
YarweU, 136, 217, 248 



Index III. 



Places not xn Northamptonshire. 



Abbots Bipton, Hunts, 154 

Aberbory, Salop, 84 

Aberoonway, Wales, 166 

Aberdeen, 223 

Abingdon, Berks, 69 

Adderbnry, Oxon, 182 

Adderleign, Glos., 156 

Aginoonrt, 96 

Albany, n.t., 30 

Alyingham, Lino., 227 

Alwalton, Honts, 180, 184 

Amberley, Sns., 60 

America, 263 

Appleford, Berks, 65 

Ashbonme, Kent, 137 

Ashby, Norf., 184 

Ashby-de-la-Zouoh, Leic, 184, 249 

Ashford, Kent, 137 

Afihwyken, Norf., 239 

Austria, 11 

Aylestone, Leic, 125 

Bagworth, Leic, 148, 150 

Baldwyns, Kent, 71 

Banbury, Oxon, 48, 102, 109 

Bangor Isooed, flint, 154 

Barbados, 246 

Barking, 158 

Barley, Herts, 163 

Barleythorpe, But., 17 

Barrington, Oamb., 186 

Barrowden, But., 10, 16, 112, 208,249 

Barrow, Som., 59 

Bassingthorpe, Line, 227 

Bath, 106 

Bedford, 272 

Bedfordshire, 28, 108, 189, 269 

Beeding, Sus., 183 

Belton, But., 240, 249 

Berkeley, Glos., 44 

Bettws-y-Coed, 163 

Biddlesden, Bucks, 238 



Bileigh, Essex, 267 
Birmingham, 21 
Bishops Cleeve, Glos., 78 
Bishopsgate, 13 
Bitton, Glos., 267-8 
Bletohingley, 257 
Bletsoe, 154 
Bloxham, Oxon, 78 
Boothly, Line, 209 
Bosoobel, 273 
Boston Deeps, Line, 108 
Bosworth, Leic, 103 
Bothaw, 44 
Boulogne, 68, 108 
Bourton, Buds, 116-17 
Braban^ 11 
Braboume, Kent, 137-8 
Bradboume, Derby, 111 
Bradsole, 116 
Bradwell, Bucks, 69 
Brails, Glos., 155 
Branston, Staff., 209 
Braunston, But., 250 
Brecknock, 236 
Bringhurst, Leic, 4, 5 
Bristol, 19 
Brochampton, 148-9 
Brosley, Line, 79 
Brussels, 117 
Bubbenhall, Staff., 183 
Buckinghamshire, 189, 269 
Bulgaria, 215 
Burgundy, 11 

Burley-on-the-Hill, But., 32 
Burton Goglee, Line, 184 
Burton-on-Trent, Staff., 209 
Bur wash, Sus., 40, 91 
Bury S. Edmunds, 87 
Calais, 209 
Caldecot, But., 5 
Calverton, Bucks, 182 



XXIV. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Oambridg©, 29, 67, 84-6, 91, 110, 117, 
127, 164-7, 181-4, 189, 211, 221, 
241 269 

Cantobnry, 83, 109, 116, 141, 167, 
239, 260, 264, 266 

Carliale, 46, 78, 181 

Carolina, 168 

Cashel, 168 

Castle Coote, Bosoomiaon, 104, 106 

Cedenan, 65 

Chartlev, 226 

Chelmsford, 24 

Cheiiton, Kent, 109 

Cheshire, 66 

Chester, 80, 164 

Chesterton, Hunts, 132, 180, 203 

Chichester, 118, 166, 184 

ChilweU, Notts, 227 

Chipping Gk)dbury, G^los., 87 

Clerkenwell, 170 

Clipsham, But., 261 

Colbie, lino., 209 

Colebrook, Mon., 239 

Compton, 123 

Connaught. 106 

Conway, 166 

Corbey, 226 

Corfecastle, Dor., 69 

Cork, 29 

Coventry, 26-7 

Crackpole, 182-3 

Crowlaod, 2 

Parmouth, 100 

Deddington, Oxon, 269 

Deeping, West, 239, 249, 261, 263 

Deer Park, Devon, 69 

Denmark, 191 

Derby, 20 

Derbyshire, 232 

Devon, 143, 181, 264 

Devonshire, 180 

Dorchester, 69 

Dorset, 181 

Dover, 129 

Dublin, 29, 168, 182, 227 

Dunohuroh, 136 

Dunkirk, 24 

Dunsmore Heath, 230 

Dunstable, 190, 261 

Easton, Great, Rut., 6 

Edinburgh, 171 

Edlesborough, Bucks, 28 

Elstow, Beds, 28 

Elton, Hunts, 132, 183, 203, 217-18 

Ely, 164, 166, 184 

Epping, Essex, 84 

Essex, 24, 28, 71-2, 267 

Exeter, 164 

Faversham, 118 

Eifield, Essex, 184 



FiBkerton, Line, 165 

Flanders, 11 

Fomham All Saints, Suff., 166 

Fort Oeorge, k.t., 29 

Fozton, Camb., 109 

Frampton, Line, 210 

France, 11, 76, 81, 94-6, 226 

Fresoat, Staff., 112 

Fnlham, 106 

Oainford, Dur., 221 

Galloway, 61 

Garliok Hithe, 44 

Gayhurst, 190 

Geneva,' 96 

Ghent, 117 

Glasgow, 184 

Glaston, Rut., 96 

Gloucestershire, 87, 116, 211, 231 

Grantham, Line, 209 

Greece, 169 

Greenwich, 139, 239 

Gh^tford, Line, 183 

Haooonby, 261 

Hamilton, 166 

Hammerton, Hunts, 228 

Hampshire, 264 

Hanthorpe, 261 

Hanwell, Oxon, 111 

Hapspurge, 11 

Hardwick, Norf ., 263 

Harrow, 126 

Hartford, u.b.a., 29 

Hartlebury, Wor., 182 

Hastings, 88 

Hatfield, 37, 118, 127 

Haversham, Bu(^ 181 

Hawes, 149 

Hawkesbury, Glos., 87 

Hawkshead, Lane, 181-2 

Haworth, Notts, 12 

Hemingford Qiey, Hunts, 106-6 

Henham-on-the-Hill, Essex,' 184 

Herculaneum, 169 

Hereford, 100, 118 

Hertford, 269 

High Beeby, Leie, 210 

Holbeach, Line, 88 

HoUwell, Beds, 167 

Holiwell, Line, 112 

Holme, Hunts, 167 

Holt, Leie, 6 

Holyrood„94 

Horeaheath, Camb., 108 

Homton, 261 

Horton, Kent, 70-1 

Hougham, Line, 182 

Huntingdon, 46, 49, 189, 269 

Huntington, 64, 144 

Hursley, Hants, 183 

Hythe, Kent, 96, 200 



Places not in Northamptonshire. 



XXV. 



Ibstock, Leio., 183 

Indies, East and West, 18 

Ipswich, 96 

Ireland, 11, 30, 76, 106, 171 

Islington, 162 

Jenualem, 11 

Kempston, Beds, 28 

Kendal, 62, 188 

Kent, 72, 139, 180, 268 

Ketton, Bat., 10 

Kilkenny, 30 

King's Norton, 59 

Kinnersley, Salop, 154 

Kirby, Essex, 23-4 

Kiasingland, Suff., 184 

Kydllngton in the Green, Oxon, 182 

Lancaster, 19 

Jjand's End, 145 

Langham, Bat., 17 

Liangley, 94 

LaTaoor, Meath, 158 

Larkestoke, Glos., 57 

Latham, line., 239 

Lathbory, Backs, 268 

Leeds 20 

Leicester, 20, 50, 52-3, 71-2, 98, 103, 
127, 129, 158, 171 

Leicestershire, 7, 71, 189, 249 

Leighton Buzzard, 70 

Lengttricdan, 65 

Lenton, Lino., 57 

Lewes, Sos., 45, 268 

Lillington, War., 124 

Limerick, 143 

Lincoln, 50, 53-5, 64, 76, 114, 150, 
155-6, 182-4, 246 

Lincolnshire, 28, 109, 127, 144, 189, 
227, 261 

Lisbon, 59, 218-19 

littlebury, Essex, 88, 119 

LivenMoi, 20 

Loohleven, 94 

London, 9, 14, 19, 20, 30-1, 39, 41-4, 
46, 48, 56, 66, 78-80, 85, 95-7, 101, 
103, 106, 110-11, 113, 118, 123-4, 
130, 140, 151, 156, 166, 171-8, 181, 
183, 189-90, 209, 215, 221, 223, 227- 
8, 235, 238-40, 246, 252, 257-8, 261, 
269, 271-2, 276 

Loath, 36 

Lowestoft, Saff., 184 

Laffenham, North, Bat., 16, 249 

Luffenham, Soath, 154 

Luton, Beds, 184 

Lutterworth, Leic, 264 

Lydde, Kent, 156 

Lyddington, But., 7-9 

Lyndon, But., 251 

Lynn Begis, Norf., 166 

Lyons, 86-6 



Maiden, Essex, 267 

Malvern, 66'6 

Manchester, 17, 20, 258 

Market Harborough, Leic, 1, 2, 27f 

45, 58, 68, 109, 222, 272 
Medboome, Leic., 4 
Melton, 28 
Merkenfield, 148-9 
Middlesex, 64, 175 
Middleton Stoney, 134, 203 
Milan, 11 

Misterton, Leic, 168 
Mooh Easton, Essex, 110 
Monk's Horton, Kent, 137-40, 266-7 
Montreal, Canada, 30 
Morcott, But., 247 
Morton, Unc, 209 
Nether Etington, War., 117 
Newark, 27 

Newbold-on-Avon, 128 
Newboume, 205 
Newcastle, 146 
Newent, Glos., 181 
Newgate, 118, 174 
Newington, Oxon, 15 
Newland, Glos., 227 
New London, Conn., 189 
Newman, Essex, 254 
Newport Fagnell, 45-6, 103, 190 
New York, 29, 246 
Niort, 84 
Normandy, 116 
Norwich, 19, 119, 163 
Nottingham, 20, 232 
Oakham, But., 173 
Ohiey, Bucks, 169 
Ombersley, Wor., 181 
Oxford, 49, 62-3, 66-6, 78, 83-4, 103, 

130, 150, 156-7, 182-5, 210-11, 269, 

275 
Oxfordshire, 79, 116, 189 
Pagham, Sus., 29 
Paris, 95 
Parkbitty, 71 

Patter Heigham, Norf., 184 
PennsYlvania, 238 
Philadelphia, 238 
Pidley, Hunts, 167 
PimHoo, 265 
Pompeii, 159, 168 
Ponteland, Northimi., 156 
Poolthron, Line, 115 
Purleigh, Essex, 182 
Quenby, Leic, 48, 161 
Bandwioh, 87 
Beading, 96 
Bingwood, Hants, 219 
Bipon, 200 
Bisflete, 64 
Bochdalo, Lane, 233 



XXVI. 



Northamptonshire Notts and Queries. 



Rooheeter, 138, 166 

Rome, 119, 169 

Romford, Essex, 43 

Romsey, 254 

Rowell, Rut., 116 

Roytfton, Herts, 163 

Rugby. War., 27, 68, 77, 123-80, 264 

Runcton, North, Norf., 263 

Rutland, 7,20, 63-4, 68, 112, 181, 189, 

208-9, 228 
S.Albans, 71 
S. Gkrmain, 118 

Salisbury or Sarum, 118, 165, 183 
Salop, 140 
Scilly lalandA, 174 
Scole, Norf., 163 

Scotland, 26, 39, 60-1, 209, 226, 269 
Sootney, Kent, 227 
Seaton, Rut., 9, 16 
Sebastopol, 23 
Sechey, Norf., 263 
Sellinge, 138 
Sempingaham, Line, 66 
ShaLstone, Bucks, 238 
Sheering, Essex, 184 
Sheffield, 20 
Sherborne, Dorset, 69 
Shuckbrugh, War., 67 
Shuggbery, 143 
Sibford, 148-9 
Sibford Ferris, Oxon, 78 
Sicily, 11 
Sleaford, 66 
Slymbridge, Olos., 183 
Solihull, War., 220 
Somersham, Hunts, 167 
Somerton, Oxon, 79 
Sonihaine, War., 69 
Southampton, 276 
South wark, 30, 174 
Southwell, Notts, 67, 181-2 
Spain, 11 
Stafford, 14, 20 
Staffordshire, 209, 272 
Staines, Midd., 162 
Stamford, Line, 2, 10, 11, 32-41, 70, 

112,208-10, 260-1,268 
Stanstead Mountfitchet, Essex, 186 
Stibbington, Hunts, 136, 203 
Stifford, Essex, 262 
Stilton, 144 
Stockholm, 113 
Stockport, 20 
Stoke, 62 

Stoke Dry, Rut., 8, 9, 16 
Stoke Goldington, 190 
Stoke Fogi», 38 
Stony Stratford, 145, 169 
Stratford Langthome, 107 
Stratford-on-Avon, 215, 276 
Stretham, Camb., 88 



Stroud, Glos., 87 

Suldrop, 44 

Sussex, 137, 139, 268 

Sutham, 149 

Swalcliffe, Oxon, 78, 116 

Swineshead, Line, 66 

Tallington, 261 

Tangley, 168 

Taunton, 118 

Thame, Oxon, 103 

Thiokbroom, Staff., 249 

Thornton, Leic, 148, 160 

Thorpe-by-JVater, 9 

Tilton, Leic, 16 

Timsbury, Hants, 264 

TinweU,Rut., 10, 17, 111, 240, 248, 260 

Tiroll, 11 

Tixover, 10 

Uffington, Line, 166, 261 

Vauxhall, 104 

Waddington, Line, 166 

Wakefield, 96 

Walthamstow, Essex, 239 

Warwick, 229-31 

Warwickshire, 71-2, 122, 124, 126, 128, 

189 
Water Newton, 180 
Wellington, New Zealand, 268 
Westley, Suff., 166 
Westminster, 27, 79, 166, 167, 184, 

206, 238-9, 262, 258 
Weston, Bucks, 46 
Weston-under-Weatherly, 124 
WhitehaU, 221 
Whitfield, Lane, 261 
Wbittlesea, Camb., 263 
WhitweU, 136, 203 
Wickley, York, 16 
Wigan, Lane, 164 
Willingham, 164 
Willoughby, War., 266 
WUtshire, 116 
Wimple, 109 
Windsor, 82, 222-8 
Wing, Rut., 248 
Wirksworth, 111 
Wisbech, 240 
Witham, Line, 228 
Wobum, 190 
Wolverton, Bucks, 46 
Woodbridge, 206 
Woodstock, 64 
Worcester, 119, 126, 181 
Wrington, Som., 180 
Wyke Dyve or Dyke, 136, 203 
Wyken, Norf., 239 
Yarby, 69 

Yardley, Wore, 220 
Yarmouth, 112 
York, 118, 164-6, 181, 262 
Yorkshire, 28 



Index IV. 



Of Subjects. 



Althorpe, Lord, and the leather tax, 
120 

Balaam's Ass Sunday, 87 

Ball, Master Thomas, 84 

Bank-Holiday Bamble in North- 
Northamptonshire, 89 

<< Beautiful Misses Chmninff," 89, 104 

Black Berengarius, a legend of Bam- 
well oasUe, 241 

Bloxa^^ Matthew Holbeche, 124, 203 

Bowling Qreen in Sulehay Forest, 206 

Braokley : — 
Hospital of S. John and S. James, 

49, 148 
School, 44, 65 

Brass of Jane Poulton of Desborough, 
119 

Briefs, 83 

Bronae seal found at Towcester, 203 

Burleigh house, 31, 33 

Castor local antiquities, 212 

Charters, Anglo-Saxon, 65 

Churchwardens' accounts: — 
Towcester, 24 

Claypole Family, 238, 246 

County M.P.'s, 31, 63, 227 

Court rolls, 186 

Cromwell, Oliver, 26 

Desborough : — 
Jane Poulton, brass of, 119 

Disturbances in Northants, 1666, 63 

Doddridge, Dr. : — 
Epitaph, 218 
Belie of, 86 

Dryden's birth, 206 

English country Uf e in the eighteenth 
century, 46 



Families of Northants: — 

Abbot, 269 

Ashby, of Bugbrook, 161 

Ashby, of Weston-by-Welland, 187 

Aubrey, 17 

Beebe, 189 

Buoknell, of Crick, 263 

Clarke, 69 

Claypole, 238, 246 

Crick, 228 

Fitzwilliam, 28 

F^r, 69 

Garfield, 64, 72 

Gibbes, of Towcester, 168 

Qorham, 267 

Greayes, 238 

Howett, 69 

Knight, of Slapton, 97, 264 

Lyne, of Brix worth, 77 

Mace, 180 

Mantell, of Heyford, 70, 137, 227, 
269, 266 

Miller, 218 

Newnham, 264, 269 

Poulton, of Desborough, 204 

Hose, of Daventry, 143 

Serjeant, of Castor, 17 

Sheppard, of Towcester, &o., 29, 
63, 76, 146, 240, 269 

Stilgoe, 269 

Sturgis, 264 

Vincents, of Bamack, 67 
Fermor. Sir William, 49, 78 
Fineshade priory, 61 
Folklore, 16 

Fotheringhay pulpit, 81 
Free schools, 28 



XXVlll. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Grandm)!! of a sieve-maker, 47 
Qailsborough hundred warrant book, 

264 
Hampden, John, at Northampton, 268 
Haynes, Thomas, a Northamptonshire 

author, 41 
Hoard of coins, 87, 123, 151 
Inscriptions, monnmental, from other 

counties, 88, 109, 162, 186, 219, 252 
Eirby hall, 23, 113 
Knights templars and Northampton, 

107 
Enotfiford monument at Malvern, 66 
Leper house At Towoester, 32 
Local dialect, 11, 112, 163, 188 
Lord Mayors, natives of Northants:— 

Ghicheley, Sir Bobert, 41 

eiayton, Sir Bobert, 267 

Pilkington, Sir Thomas, 173 
Marriages and deaths, 1787| 46 
Marriages in th e p arish register of 

Lillington^ co. ^Vt^arwiok, 124 
Mary, Queen of Scots : — 

Books, 83 

Prayer, 87 

Stuart exhibition, 221 
Maxev church, 73 
Medals and tradesme&'s tokens, 17 
Mediaeval church notes, 217, 264 
Modem superstitioBS, 67 
Naseby fight, relics of, 48, 66 
Naseby old man, 68, 1X)7 
Nassington vicarage, 64 
Need-fires, 216 
Nonjurors, 66 
Northampton : — 

As a cycling centre^ 189 

Cross in S. Sepulchre's church, 14*, 61 

Fortification, 97 

Glimpses of old, 143 

Ulimpses of old: its signs, 168, 
229, 270 

Hampden, John, at, 268 

Mayor's choice dinner, 260 

Old, and its rulers, 32 

Postern gate, 186 
Letter ol the easl of, 12^ 



" Northampton Miscellany," 211 
Northamptonshire scandid, 172 
PapHlons and Northamptonshire, 95, 

208 
Parish registers : — 

Draughton, 69 

liillington, co. Warwick, 124 

Wakerley, 16, 111, 208 
Peterborough :— 

Cathedral, 179, 186, 269 

Ohurch plate, 80 

Prebendaries, 163, 181 
Pindar, Sir Paul, 13 
Plough Monday, 162 
Poulton monument in Desborongh 

church, 116 
Bay's itineraries, 241 
Bhyming signs, 62, 76 
Bound Staxnfoid, 33 
Bunning Thursday, 136 
Sanctuaries, 14 

Seventeenth century mendicant, 102 
Shakespearian manuscripts at Abing- 

ton abbey, 213 
Sheep killers in Northants, 71 
Society for debtors, 266 
Stuart exhibition, 221 
Superstitions, etc., 203 
Tolls and unjust customs, 269 
Tomlin, Jacob, 173 
Towcester^— 

Bronae seal found at, 203 

Churchwardens' apconnts, 24 

Bental of the manor, 1609, 120 
Travelling to Bngby a hundred jrears 

ago, 123 
WarMedals>22 
Washington monument in Sulgrave 

church, 261 
Weldon stone, 113 
Welland, a stroll by the, 1 
Welsh bible in Althorp libraiy, 140 
WlQs:— 

William Bufforth, 11 

Thomas Bellamy, of Stonyard, 60 
Wine glasses and goblets^ 111 



^"iW^ 




Mottoes. 



Pabt XYTL 

I wandered 'mid sanonndiiig grayes, 
Where coarse ranjk weedy herbage waves, 
Muaing of thoee who slept below, — 
Their tales of joy, or hope, or woe. 
Melro9$ Abbey: Lyrical Foems, ed. by A, W. Bbowv. 

Out of Monnments, Names, Wordes, Proverbs, Traditions, Private Beoordes, 
and Evidences, Fragments of Stories, Passages of Bookes and the like, we doe 
save and recover somewhat from the Deluge of Time. 

Baoov. 



Past avlLL. 

All that iJB past we seek to treasure here. 
All that may make the past a thing of life ; 
And we would save what else in worldly strife 

Might perish, though the present hold it dear. 

Not the yrim past alone we seek to save. 

But the bright past that lightly bids us smile. 
And with its quainter wisdom would beguile. 

Mingling with thoughts that border on the grave. 

H. £. Waskobb. 

Past XIX. 

We gamer all the things that pass — 

• • • • 

Old records writ on tomb and brass, 
CHd spoils of arrow-head and bow, 
Old wrecks of old-worids' overthrow. 
Old relics of Earth's primal slime. 
All drift that wanders to and fro ; — 
We are the gleaners after Time ! 

The Antiquary. 



XXX, Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Pabt XX. 

There ia a power 
And magic in the roin'd battlement, 
For whioh the palace of the present hour 
Must yield its pomp, and wait till ages are its dower. 

Btbov, Ohilde Earold. 

The prment is founded on the past, and is inseparably connected with it ; 
neither <ian it be properly understood or fully appreciated, and certainly no 
idea of the progress of ciyilization can be arrived at, unless there is an 
iDtimate a<}quaintanoe with the history of the past. Jmoi Batty f n.H s 

Pabt XXI. 

Attempt the end, and never stand to doubt, 

Nothing's so hard, but wareh will find it out. Hebbiok. 

Here is a book made after my own heart — 
Gk>od print, good tale, good picture and good sense. 
Good learning and good labour of old days. 
Book ! thou and I henceforth must nowise part. 
Together we will tread Life's journey hence 
And only part at old Death's waterways. 

Gbablbs Satlx. 

Pabt XXII. 

Love thou thy land, with love far brought 

From out the storied past, and used 

Within the present, but transfused 
Thro' future time by power of thought. 

• • • • 

A wind to puff your idol-fires, 

And heap their ashes on the head ; 

To shame the boast so often ipade, 
That we are wiser than our sires. Tsmnrsoir. 

Pabt XXHI. 

Spread wide the historic page to ardent youth ; 
With liberal hand to mankind give the right 
To drink deep draughts from wells of purest truth ; 
Hasten the coming time : Let there be light. 

Mb. Hbndbbsoit. 
Pabt XXIV. 

'Tlb not time lost, to talk with antique lore, 

And all the labours of the dead : for thence 

The muping mind may bring an ample store 

Of thoughts, that will her labours recompense. 

The dead hold converse with the soul, and hence. 

He that communeth with them, doth obtain 

A partial conquest over time. Bxtll, Museum, 



Addenda et Errata. 



The Talbot. 

Additional notes to p. 231. 

In an award of the Fire Commissioners dated 2jth September, 
1676, the "Talbutt** inn is referred to as having been destroyed by 
the great fire in Northampton in 1675. An order was made for 
rebuilding it with four tenements in Newland, adjoining, or lying 
near to, the backside of the inn. In consideration of the rebuilding, 
and of the payment of £i7.q to other parties mentioned in the 
order, Raphael Coldwell, the petitioner was adjudged to be the owner 
of the inheritance. 

We add the following extracts from the Northampton Mercury : — 

To be Lett, And Enter'd upon immediately, The Talbot Inn, situate 
in the Market-Place, in Northampton, with the Utenaila for Brewing, and 
Stabling for a g^eat Number of Hordes. Enquire of Mr. Snowden, Shop- 
keeper in Northampton. ~ (September 17, 1739.) 

To be Lett, At Lady-Day, Midsummer, or St. Michael, or directly if 
required. A Good-Aocustomed Inn, in the Sheep-Street, Northampton, known 
by the Name of the Talbot ; and all the Houshold Goods, Brewing Vessels, and 
a good Kick of old Hay, to be sold to the Person that takes the Inn, at 
reasonable Prices ; the present Occupier being to leave off the BuHinees. For 
further Particulars, enquire of Alderman Thomas Peach, or James Williamson, 
Draper, both of Northampton.— (February 12, 1749-60.) 

The Golden Ball. 

Additional note to«p. 271. 

The house bearing the sign of the Golden Ball was where 
Messrs. Howes, Percival & Ellen's offices now are. 






Sir 



xxxii. Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

The Trooper. 
Additional notes to p. 272. 

These premises are referred to in deeds relating to the property 
anterior to 1750 as a messuiage or tenement. The house is first 
mentioned as a public-house 

In 1750, known as the " White Hart," and occupied by John Roe. 

In 1 78 1, occupied by Thomas Hill. 

In 1794, known as "The Mail Coach," S0I4 for £3^0, occupied 

by Henry Spurr. 
In 1808, purchased by Thomas Campion for £350. 
In 182 1; called "The Trooper." Purchased by John Rawlins, of 
Bedford, wine merchant, for £6^0. 

We append the following extract from the Northampton Mercury : 

To be Lett, And Entered upon immediately, or at Lady-Day next, A Well* 
built BwelUng-Honse, in good Repair, sitnate in Bearward-Street, North- 
ampton ; containing three Booms on a floor, with Ciel'd Qmrets, a good 
Sitohen, Pantry, and OeUars ; two good Gardens well planted with Wall-Frait 
all ronnd, a Stable, and all other Gonvenienoea. For further Partioulan, 
enquire of John Roe, at the White-Hart on the Market-HUl in Northampton 
aforesaid. N.B. There is a Pew in St. Sepulchre's Church belonging to the 
said House.— (March 6, 1768.) 

The Queen's Arms. 
Additional note to p. 274. 

On the retirement of Mrs. Gibson, in 1864, the house was taken 
by Mr. F. Perkins, who was followed by Mr. Troup in 1874. 



P. 110, line Hi for antem read autem. 

Zine 26 ; for Anhe read Aul». 

for deesseet read deesset. 

Zine 27 ; for Neminus read Ne minus. 

P. 127, line 9 ; after St. Sepulchre*8 church, Northampton, ineert 255, 266. 

P. 182, line 34 ; Elton is a mistake of Mr. Bloxam's, the cross dosorihed being 
at Etton in this county, as corrected in a later communication, 
art. 646. 

P. 167, line 16 ; for Peakirk (separated from Glinton) read Glinton (separated 
from Peakirk). 

P. 217, line 33 ; for Rood loft ; piscina read Boodloft piscina. The Rood loft 
has been long destroyed, but the piscina remains in the clerestory 
wall. 

P. 271, line 10; deU "Rupture Master*' and. 








Vol. III. PART XVII. Price Is. 6d. 

graves, 
rbage waves, 

\elow^ — f"f ^ 

or woe, / 

Melro5eS4b^^.^Ql^'d4u^Poep6, ed. by A. W. Browit. 

Out of Monuments, Names, (hordes. Proverbs, Traditions, Private 
Recorder and Evidences, Fragments of Stories, Passages of Bookes and 
the like, we doe save and recover somewhat from the Deluge of Time. 

Bacon. 

Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 

DBYOTED TO 

The Afttiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c,, of the County. 

CONTKNTS. 

War Medals : Crimea, 
48tli Sediment 
396 Kirl)y Hall : a Correction 

ChurcliwardeiiB' Accounts at 
Towcester 
Cromwell in Vorthamptonsliire 
Fitzwilliam Family 
Free Scliools in Nortbamptonsliire 
Sheppard Family of Towcester 
NorthamptonsUre U.P.'s 
** Burleigh Honse by Stamford Town'* 
Leper House at Towcester 
Old Northampton and its Bnlers 

Norttiamiiton : 

TAYLOR & SON, The DRYDEN PRESS, 9 COLLEGE STREET. 

London: ELLIOT STOCK, PATERNOSTER ROW. 

[Entered at Stationerw* Hall.] 



384 


A Stroll by the Welland {illustratiohs) 


395 


886 


Local Dialect 




886 


Will of William Rnfforth, 1568 


396 


387 


Sir Panl Pindar 


897 


888 


Sculptured Cross in S. Sepulchre's, 






Horthampton 


898 


389 


Sanctuaries 


899 


890 


Northamptonshire Folklore 


400 


891 


Wakerley Parish Segisters 


401 


892 


Seijeant Family of Castor 


402 


898 


The Aubrey Family 


403 


894 


Medals and Tradesmen's Tokens of 


404 




Northamptonshire ^ ^ 


405 



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RIDING, HUNTING, AND JOCKEY BOOTS, 

7 WOOD HILL, 

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toasts made and hept to suit all F^et* 
A well-selected Stock of Ladies* and Children's Goods. 



Agent for Dr. Jaeger's SANITARY BOOTS - Highly 
Recommended by the Faculty. 



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Gentlemen's Court Shoes in high-glass Styles. 

all goods marked in plain figures. 

6 per oent. Disooimt for Cash. 



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Without the trouble of Buttoning, 

Being Fastened and Buttoned by one pull 
of the Lace. 




A TRIAL 18 RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED. % 






WHlfH Cjm «L r^KTEhtD TOAU. KINDS 

%f LACJIfC BOOTS A ShOEt 
fiV TNEORDHMAftVCVElLTtmCPnOCtSI, 
AVDr[>S TROUBLE 0# rVKtCfc UIITVIII& 
y^JlCES. HOLDS FIRMiV UHE^Cf* 
At<V STRESS OF WEJm. 



}% ill !) 




^ 



X 






Northamptonshire 

Notes and ^jieries. 



¥(r^^/ml 




iCi 



nrwi r^nn 



rsam 








Fig. 2.-(p. 4.) 

STROLL BY THE WELLAND. — It is one of the 
boasts of Northamptonshire that the fields of Naseby 
give rise to three great streams, which discharge into 
oceans separated by the whole breadth of the land. So 
close together as almost to have been all three tainted 
by the blood shed in one great battle, spring the Avon, the Nene, 
and the Welland. The fame of the first two is secured. One 
listened to the lispings of Shakespeare's childhood \ the other winds 
beneath more noble buildings than any stream of like degree. The 
last of the trio, though it never may boast like its cradle companions, 
flows, nevertheless, through much that is fair and near much that is 
interesting. Before it has become a full-grown river it passes close 
to Market Harborough, beloved of hunting men 3 thence, marking 
Vol. in. I 



2 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the northern limit of its native county, it sluggishly drops down to 
Stamford, and so away through the fens, past Crowland Abbey, to 
the sea. 

Between Harborough and Stamford the Welland hardly does 
itself justice. It divides and subdivides itself so much tbat from the 
mighty viaduct which strides across its valley near Harringworth the 
river looks like a few small streams. And so indeed it is; and 
amongst them all they bardly ofier a pool where a man may bathe 
with any comfort. Nevertheless, the valley is a noble one, and, for 
this part of the world, quite precipitous. Most of Northamptonshire 
undulates in a very casual way ; bere it goes up, and there it goes 
down, and why it does either of these in preference to keeping flat 
no one can say. But here, by the Wellabd, there is reason shown 
for the conformation of the ground. Elsewhere it gives few reasoiis 
for its vagaries. Here it gathers itself together and descends abruptly 
to the meadows through which the Welland flows, and rises in 
gentler, but still notable, hills on the other side. From all of the 
many villages which dot the sides ot the valley extensive views can 
be had» without the trouble of climbing the church tower, and in 
most of them the traveller with architectural tastes need not go to 
nature for his amusement. 

To begin with Dingley, which lies on the Northamptonshire 
slopes, some two or three miles from Harborough. There is a 
manor-house of considerable interest, partly built in the short reign 
of Philip and Mary, and bearing the dates 1558 and 1560, as well 
as many inscriptions, among which is *' In the rayne of Felep and 
Marey," an inscription not to be found on many buildings. It was 
built by Edward Griflin, who was Attorney-General, and, conse- 
quently, made enough money to buy a large tract of land in the 
neighbourhood. But though the Griffins were new-comers in 1558, 
twenty years later they were sufficiently acclimatised for tbat 
excellent builder, Sir l*homas Tresham, to place their arms in two 
several places on his market-house at Rothwell, — a distinction 
accorded to only a select few, most of the numerous arms occurring 
but once. Of course, Griffin bore a griffin for his arms. 

A large part of the old house was rebuilt in the time of the 
Georges, but the original front porch remains, as well as an arcaded 
wing with a turreted gateway. On the porch are the following 
inscriptions : — ** Anno 1558. In the rayne of Felep and Marey. 
After Darkness — Post te — EG — nebras— AG — spero — 1558— lucem 
— cumeth light. EG. AG, 1558." On the gateway are these, 
rescued from the obscurity caused by the ignorance and quaint 



A Stroll by the Welland. 3 

spelling of the carver : — " What thing so fair but Time will pare." 
"Anno 1560. Sorte tua contentus abi. Ne sutor ultra crepidam. 
Exnori per virtutein prestat quam per dedecus vivere. That that 
tbou doest do it wisely and mark the end and so forth.'* 

" Invigilate viri, tactto nam tempora gressu 
Diflugiunt^ nuUoque sono convertitur anniis. 
Si Deus nobiscum quis contra nos. God save the King; 1560.*' 

The last phrase is curious, fpr in 1560 Elizabeth was on the 
throne. Are we to take this as a political manifesto of Sir £dward 
Griffin's ? or was it caused by the thoughtlessness of the carver, who, 
perhaps, had the inscriptions handed to him a year or two bisfore he 
carved tbem^ and did not notice the mistake, although he made the 
date right ? 

The practice of putting inscriptions on buildings of this period 
was very widespread. The most notable instances are those on the 
buildings of Sir Thomas Tresham, where they form an essential part 
of the design. The parapet of Castle Ashby presents another 
example, the letters being in solid stone and performing the function 
of balusters. Another instance in the county is found on Weekley 
Hospital, where the singularly appropriate line appears, "Tempora 
labuntur, tacitisque senescimus annisj" the sentiment of which is 
not unlike that above, beginning " Invigilate viri." * But inscriptions 
are not often crowded so thickly as here at Dingley, nor are they 
often so curiously misspelt. It would seem as though the local 
mason had puzzled out for himself the ill-written MS. of the designer 
who selected the sentences. 

A little way further east, and some two or three miles from the 
river, is Stoke Albany, where is much to attract the traveller. In . 
addition to the church and some characteristic cottages, there is the 
old Manor House, a fourteenth -century building, once the home of 
the Lords De Roos, whose arms appear above the doorway, while on 
a buttress are two panels, bearing a monogram with a crown, and an 
** I H S." Who put these religious monograms there ? Were they 
the outcome of the general piety of the age, or some special appeal 
in mitigation of violence and crime? We know nothing beyond 
what the stones tell us : no more of the builder of the house than of 
the De Roos who lies buried in the church, and from whose tomb 
all record has gone, unless haply this inscription, preserved in an old 
collection of such sentences, Iwlongs to him : — '* Hie jacet Johannes 

• The inscriptioQ at Dingley ntns thuB, <* Watch OmeB, for Time flies with 
a silent footfall, and the years change without a sonnd ; " and that at 
Weekley, " Time flows by, and we grow old with the silent years." 

T* 



4 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Roos le bonne compagnion." Of all the life of John De Robs, of 
all the deeds which he did, of the houses he built for himself, and 
those which he knocked down for his neighbours, of his wit and 
his wisdom, we know nothing. All we know is that he was a 
"bonne compagnion.** And what was that? Perhaps a kind, 
courteous, fine fellow, ever ready to help a friend. Perhaps a good 
man at a tankard, merely. However, he was a De Roos, and he or 
his must have lived at the old Manor House, and have read those 
monograms, and very likely reverenced them. 

In crossing over into Leicestershire from Stoke Albany the road 
goes through Ashley, where there is nothing of interest. On the 
Leicestershire side is Medbonrne, where is an ancient footbridge over 
the stream 5 and, overlooking the Welland, perched on the top of a 
knoll, is Bringhurst. Here in old times dwelt the Norwiches, of 
whom one, Symon, slew an ancestor of all the Treshams, the family 
which subsequently played such a prominent part in Northampton- 
shire. In the year of grace 1451, Sir William Tresham was quietly 
going home from Northampton to Sywell, where the family then 
lived (before they moved to Rushton), when he was suddenly fallen 
upon as he was saying his matins and cruelly thrust through with a 
spear. His servants, coming up presently, found him in this deplor- 
able state, and, for the better carrying of him back to Northampton, 
they cut off each end of the spear that stuck out at the back and 
front. But when they reached the town and pulled out the rest of 
the truncheon the patient died. 

This event is mentioned in a note written on the Tresham 
pedigree given in Vincent's Northamptonshire Visitations^ preserved 
at the College of Arms. The note runs thus: "This Williana 
Tresham was murthered near — Molton at a place called Thorp- 
land Close in y* County of Northton by Symon Norwich of 
Bringhurst for which Isabella his wife appealed to the Pari*, holdeo 
a® 29 Henry 6 that they might be committed to ward and brought 
to tryall wh** was granted. See Pynne's Abridgement of y* Records 
of Parliament, p. 646." 

In Bringhurst there is not much to see. An old house opposite 
the church presents the characteristic features of the country side, 
which, simple as they are, never fail to give satisfaction (Jig. i.) 
This is nothing more than a farmhouse, and is too late in date to 
have been the home of the vengeful Symon Norwich. 

In Drayton, a hamlet close by, on a coped gable, is a date-stone 
(Jig. 2), which, at small cost, contrives to give a very valuable touch 



A Stroll by the Welland. 5 

to the little house it adorns. At Holt, up on the hill further away 
from the Welland, is a large old house, the residence of that excellent 
sportsman. Sir Bache Cunard. Though considerably modernised 
internally, the porch and part of the front are of very good Late 
Gothic architecture. The church, which stands so close to the house 
as to look like part of it, is also of considerable interest. 

Resuming our stroll down the stream from Bringhurst^ we soon 
come to Great Easton, a rambling village with many picturesque 
corners. Its steep coped gables and thatched roofs give it an old- 
world air, while signs of departed magnificence occasionally appear 
in cottages boasting elaborate architectural features evidently brought 
from some demolished mansion. 




Further on, and just inside the little county of Rutland, is 
Caldecot, another old village now slowly decaying since the coaches 
ceased to run and the towns began to absorb the rural population. 
Here, too, are steep thatched roofs with their stone-coped gables, 
and a few quaint cottages. But there is little to detain the traveller; 
the time will be better employed by crossing into Northamptonshire 
and going to Rockmgham. 

Rockingham is, historically, one of the most interesting places in 
the neighbourhood, as well as one of the most important on the 
Welland. It has been the site of a fortification from the times when 



6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the ancient Britons cast up their mounds. William the Conqaeror 
made it the chief stronghold of the district, and within the shelter of 
its walls many of his successors placed themselves and their rednoe 
when they came to hunt in Rockingham Forest. In the tiooe of 
William Rufus a most important meeting of prelates and nohles was 
held in the chapel, to decide a knotty point regarding the appointment 
of Archbishop Anselm. In those days there were two infallible 

popes, and it seems that, 
in the king's opinion, 
Anselm was appointed 
by the wrong one. The 
council came to no 
definite decision, and the 
question really answered 
itself in course of time- 
Tbis was so far back as 
A.D. 1095, and no vestige 
of the chapel is left, 
though the site is still 
pointed out. In fact, 
we must leap over two 
hundred years before we 
come to any of the 
existing work. There 
are, however, consider- 
able remains of late 
thirteenth-century work 
in the great gateway and 
the entrance to the hall. 
The gateway lies between 
two bastion towers, and 
retains the grooves for 
the portcullis, and other 
'^' T^^tMwn, features. It is very much 
*^>*****f^ like the gateway of the 
Fig. 4.-THB Bin>E.Hoxj8B at LYDDiNOToir. storyless castle at Barn- 
Part of South Front.-(p. 8.) ^^jj^ ^„ ^^^ ^ene, only 

the entrance'is here somewhat wider. Indeed, at Barnwell, nothing 
larger than a man on horseback could get through. Within the 
gateway most of the work is of the sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries. The whole effect is extremely good, whether we take the 
courtyard with its wings or the delightful long and low garden front 




A Stroll by the Welland, ^ 

But there is no novel detail. The situation is superb, and from the 
terraces by the aucient walls glimpses of surprising extent may be 
gained along the Welland valley. A sketch of a corner of the 
buildings is annexed (Jig, 3), 

Grettou, further down the valley on the same side as Rockingham, 
abounds in old stone farm-houses of the usual Northamptonshire 
type, but one of which it is difficult to weary. Their charm lies not 
in abundance of detail (though every feature has some, however 
slight), but rather in their steep roofs of Colly- Weston slates, their 
mullioned windows, and the colour and texture of the stone. Here 
the walls are of brown ironstone, and the dressings of a soft grey 







Fig. 6.— The Bede-Hofse at Ltddinotow. 
Part of North Front.— (p. 8.) 

freestone. The steep streets of the village, its picturesque irregu- 
larity, the green, with its stocks and whipping-post, and the 
neighbouring inn, with remarkable wrought ironwork round its sign, 
combine to render Gretton one of the most attractive bournes which 
the sketcher can seek in his stroll. At every turn the eye wanders 
across the broad valley to the villages we have already passed, to the 
swelling hills of Rutland and Leicestershire, bathed in the sun, or 
darkling with every passing cloud, or to the spires of Lyddington 
and Seaton, rising from the midst of masses of trees. 

It is but a step (perhaps two miles) across to Lyddington in 
Rutland, and her6 the seeker for the picturesque may prepare for 



8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



another feast. The church, with its pretty little spire, is a fine 
structure of the Decorated and Perpendicular styles, containing 
several good brasses. To the north of the church, with the 
green graves between, but so near as hardly ever to be out of its 
shadow, stands the Bede House, once the residence of the bishops of 
Lincoln, but now shorn of much of its splendour, and relegated to 
the use of the poor. This was originally the Manor House, baiit 

by the Bishops of Lincoln 
for their own delectation. 
At the dissolution of the 
monasteries it came into 
the Burghley family, and 
the third Lord Burghley 
converted it into a bede- 
house or almshouse to 
accommodate twelve poor 
men, two women^and a war- 
den. It retains much of its 
ecclesiastical character, and 
abounds in quaint corners 
and picturesque groupings 
(Jigs, 4, 5). Downstairs is 
a covered corridor or cloister, 
into which the lower rooms 
open. Upstairs there is 
some good gldzing, in which 
occur roses and lilies, and 




^VfSSSi^ 



On ^iaS9 10, 



Fig. 6. 

the legend Dominus exaltacio mea (Jig, 6). In one window is a fine 
portrait of one of the bishops. The large dining-room and the 
warden's room have good cornices of quasi-fan tracery of ingenious 
design. The warden offers no difficulty in the matter of access, and 
is, indeed, glad to find a fresh ear into which he can pour. his 
grievances. 

There are many other old houses in Lyddington with more or 
less character — mullioned windows, variations of the universal flat- 
pointed doorway, and simple gables and dormers. 

Not far from Lyddington is the little village of Stoke Dry, where 
the Digbys used to live. Their house has entirely disappeared, but 
the church is of much interest and contains several of their monu- 
ments, on all of which the Digby fleur-de-lis is set forth in carving 
or colour. In the south chapel is an interesting tomb having a 



\L1lL 




to 

'A 



or c 



A Stroll by the Wetland. 



Gothic canopy supported by Renaissance pilasters. We append one 
of the shields from it, showing the fish as an heraldic emblem (Jig, 7). 
The Digbys were deeply implicated in the Gunpowder Plot 5 indeed. 
Sir Everard was executed for his share in it, January 30, 1606, at the 
"west end of St. Paul's in London, somewhere near where Queen 
Anne stands looking down Ludgate Hill. Of course where a con- 
spirator lived legend has pitched upon some place as the scene of his 
nefarious plottings. At Stoke the room over the porch is said to be 
the spot where the plot was devised, but there are a score of others 
"With equal pretensions. 

Stoke Dry has led us a little way back on our journey down the 
river. Returning to Lyddington, and pushing on through Thorpe-by- 
Water and Seaton, where we need not rest, we finally reach Harring- 
"worth on the Northamptonshire side. 

Harringworth, though now a secluded agricultural village, was 
once the seat of a noble and powerful family, the Zouches -, and their 
descendants to this day take their title, 
Zouch of Harringworth, from this village. 
Their house stood amid the broad meadows 
through which the Welland fritters itself 
away, a little to the east of the church. 
Hardly anything is now left, but probably 
the windows which are built into some 
cottages standing in those meadows once 
gave light to the lords of the soil. In the 
time of Bridges, the historian of North- 
amptonshire (1720), the old manor house 
still remained, as well as ruins of a 
chapel (the burying-place of the Zouches) 
between the house and the church . Leland, 
about 1530, said that "the Lord Souche 
had a right goodly manor place by the 
paroche chyrch of this village, builded 
castelle like. The first courte whereof is clene dowQ> saving that a 
great peace of the gate-house and front of the waulle by it yet 
standith. The ynner part of this place is meately welle maintained, 
and hath a diche aboute it. The waulles of this ynner court be in 
sum places imbattelid. And withyn this courte is a faire chapelle, in 
the bodie whereof lyith one of the Souches byried, and a greate fiat 
stone over him." 




•^ ifck "J#wv6-rf^ 



f%Un 



ttt- 



%V 



SroKeORvcH. 

Kg. 7. 



lo Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Nothing now remains of the chapel, nor of the Zonch, nor of 
the great flat stone that was over him ; bat Bridges describes the 
tomb, and assigns it, from the inscription, to Lorde George Zooche, 
who died in 1569. It was evidently an elaborate Renaissance monu- 
ment. 

Although the manor-house and chapel of the Zouches have 
disappeared, the parish church remains, and is of some interest 
Apart from its architectural excellence, which is considerable, it 
would appeal, in a way, to the feelings of the orthodox Churchman, 
from its peculiar arrangements. The whole of the north aisle is 

occupied by the vault of 
the Tryons, except the spac6 
reserved for the gangway apd 
the coals. Beneath the middle 
of the north arcade are the 
pulpit and clerk's desk, and to 
these as a centre do all the 
pews face. Those at the west 
end face east, those in the 
south aisle face north, while 
those at the east end face 
west, and turn their backs on 
the chancel, which is absolutely 
bare, except for a communion- 
table with a marble top. Near 
the church is a farmhouse with 
some quaint yews in front 
clipped into the semblance 
of birds; an exercise of a 
questionable art now nearly 
forgotten. Further along, and near the middle of the village, is the 
inn, with a good front {Jig. 8), and still further is the market cross. 
On one of the cottages to the left is a chimney from the old manor- 
house (Jig. 9). 

The rest of the villages between here and Stamford do not call 
for much remark. At Wakerley, the church has a very curious 
Norman chancel-arch. At Barrowden church, across the river, is a 
good Renaissance wall-monument. Further down is Tixover, a lone 
church some distance from any houses j lower still is Duddington, 
with some picturesque houses and a bridge; then comes Colly- 
Weston, famous for its roofing stone \ Ketton in Rutland, with a fine 
church and excellent stone quarries ; then Tinwell, and lastly Stamford. 




^ fnV8giN(;^)itoRTH 



The Will of William Rufforth, ii 

At Stamford we may well end our stroll, for here we shall be 
anxious to stop more than one daj to ramble about the quaint old 
towQ^ and, if possible, to visit some of the neighbouring villages.* 

J. Alfrbd Gotch. 

The above article originally appeared in The Builder of Sept. i8, 
18865 to the publisher of which paper we are indebted for the 
gpratuitous use of the blocks* 

385. — Local Dialect (43, 64, 109, 167). — The following 
terms are in use in north-west Northamptonshire : — 
Cuckaball: a ball. 
A roosing fire : a large fire. 

A randyberrjing fellow : a man of convivial meetings or rendezvous. 
Chumming: churning. 
A churm : a chum. 
To dum : to darn. 
Browse : weedy entanglement. 
To tag : to weigh down unsuitably. 
Gallivanting: escorting. 
To rottle : to rattle. 

S. J. H. 

386. — Thb Will op William Rufforth, 1558.— "In dei noie 
Amen the viij*^ daie of November In the yeare of ouer Lord god 
1558 And in the fyfte & Sixt yeres of the raignes of ouer sou'aign 
Loard and Ladie philippe and Marie by the grace of god kynge and 
quene of Englond, Fraunce, spayne, both Cicelies, Jhrusalem and 
Ireland, defenders of the faythe Archdukes of Austrie Dukes of 
Millian burgundie And braband countyes of hapspurge flaunders and 
TiroU, I Willro Ruflbrthe clearke and persone of ufford in the countie 
of Northt'> Consydering that the lyffe of mane is shorte in this world 
and nothing is moare suer than Death I therfore couetynge the 
healthe of my soule and to attayne to euerlastynge LyfFe being now 
of good and pfect remembrance Do ordeyn and make thys my Testa- 
ment and Last will in mann' and forme foUowynge. fyrst I bequethe 
my soule unto allmightie god and to o*r ladie sent Marie and to all the 
sanctes in heaven and my bodie to be buried w^in the chauncell at 
Uffbrde. It* I bequeth unto the churche of Uiford the table that 
standethe uppon the hyghe Aulter a peayr of great Candelsticks A 
masse boke A precessioner and A maunelL It* I bequethe one cope 

* We hope on some futore oooaslon to give an aooonnt of a visit to this pari 

of the oonnty. 

a* 



12 Northamptonshire Notes' and Queries. 

and one vestement of Blew velvet to the churche of Hannestone 
It' I bequeathe to the churche of Braunston A cope and A vestment 
of redd velvet the whiche said copes and vesteme'ts ys now in the 
kepynge of John Bawsted dwellinge in the -said towne of Harmston 
It' I bequethe to the churche of Harworthe A vestement & a surplice 
Also I bequeth to the churche of Harmston fyve makes for an obite 
and Lickwyse fyve markes to the church of Braunston for A notber 
obyte yf my dettes may be gathered uppe and so than to be kept 
yearlye and so continuallie at the feast of sanct -Michaell the Arcb- 
angell & Lykwise at the feast of the purificacon of ouer Ladie or 
w*in fouertene daies after any of the said feastes. To pray for the 
soules of me the said Wylim Rufforthe clearke Nicolas Ruffortbe my 
father Alice Rufforthe my mother and for the soule of Sir John 
Cutte Knyght and Marten slatgune. It' I Bequethe to Will'm 
Smaylles my best carved bedstede w* A tester and curtaynes thereunto 
belongynge the Best fetherbed that I haue A boulster the best counter- 
peynte A payer of fustian blankettes tow payer of shetes three 
pyllobeeres A great diap table clothe & A Lynen table clothe A 
sypers chest A quarterne of A gam is of the Best vessell three of my 
best pewter pottes A Bassen and An Ewer and all my tymber at 
ufford and also A Ladder It' I bequethe to grace Rufforthe the 
Second Bedsted earned w* A tester and curtavnes thereunto belong- 
ynge, the second fetherbede A boulster ray second Counterpeynt tow 
pillowes A payer of fustian blankettes too payer of shetes A diaper 
table clothe and A playn table clothe A quarterne of a garnysshe of 
my best vessell thre of the next, the Best candelstikes one of my 
second brasse pottes and Lickwyse A Brasse panne thre pewter pottes 
next unto the best A Bassen And An ewer A Blake chest A cofer of 
sy perns A cooborde A chafyngdyshe A brassen chafer & An other 
chaffer wt too yares A pere of curroll Beades gawded with siluer 
and also my yong cowe. Item I bequethe to Issabell Rufforthe A 
payer of Beades gawded w* syluer one cowe thre candestickes of the 
best sorte my best Brasse pott lykwyse one brasse panne and my 
best chafyngdyshe. Item I bequethe to John Rufforthe the thryd 
fetherbedd & bedstede the curtaynes & tester thereto belongynge A 
payer of fustian blankettes too payer of sheetes three pyllobeeres A 
Diaper Table clothe A playn table clothe A table towell my counter 
A forme A cheste whiche ys bound wythe Ireon A quarterne of A 
gamyshe of vessell three pewter pottes A bassen And I geue John 
Rufforthe all my goodes at London w«h I haue theare and one payer 
of my Aundiyorns here. It' I bequethe to Nicolas Rufforthe A 
matteresse A boulster A payer of flaxen shetes A quarterne of a 



Sir Paul Pindar, 13 

^arnyse of vessell A bassen And A lyttell coffer. It* 1 bequetbe to 
Dorytie RuiFortbe A matteresse A payer of shetes three pilloberes 
A A quarterne of A quarterne {nc) of a gamisbe of vessell. Item I 
bequetbe to Elizabetbe RufFortbe my Syster to Loades of great woode 
Also I bfequethe linto the poore folke of Barnake xx** to be prayed for 
Also I ordene and make to be my executores "Will'm Smaylls, John 
Kufforthe and grace RufFortbe I Ordeyne and make Thomas 
Wilkenson my supvisor And I bequetbe to hym for bis paynes x'and 
A trapper of fustian in .napes. The Residew of my goodes vnbe- 
queathed I geue unto my executores my Dettes and legacyes payed 
-wyttnesse bearof Thomas Wylkenson. Will'm "Welles and John 
Stylle w* other moo." Probatu' fuit apud Peterbrougbe Duodecimo 
Die mensis Novembris Anno dm p'dicto et coram antedco Com'is- 
sario &c. 

The foregoing will is copied from one of the books containing 
registered copies of wills now preserved at Peterborough. William 
RufFortb, according to Bridges, became rector of Ufford in 155a. 
His will, as given above, leads me to ask three questions : — 

I. Ami right in explaining the phrase '* A quartern of a garnish 
of vessel" by a reference to Halli well's Archaic Dictionary, sub. 
voc. "Garnish"? *' Garnish. A service which generally consisted 
of sets of I a dishes, saucers, &c." Vessel would in this case be a 
collective noun equivalent to the old "vesselment." 

II. Does ** yares " represent ''ears " in the sense of " handles " ? 

III. What is the meaning of ''a trapper of fustian in napes*' ? 
Cambridge. William Cowper. 

387. — Sir Paul Pindar (130). — I lately visited the church 
of S. Botolpb, Bishopsgate, for the purpose of copying the inscription 
direct from the tablet there erected to the memory of this eminent 
native of our county, born at Wellingborough, 1565 or 1566. 

I have since then re-read the sketch of bis life which appeared in 
vol. I. of "N. N. & Q.,'* pp. 159-60; As I find that his epitaph 
there given as quoted from Cole's History and Antiquities of Wdling- 
horough is somewhat inaccurate I append the correct wording here. 

1 may add that the memorial consists of a very plain white marble 
tablet, considerably " skied," on the n. chancel wall, eastward of the 
altar rails. The inscription, which is as follows, only covers half 
the space on the tablet, the rest being left blank: — " S", Paul 
PiMDAR, K*, / His Majefties Embafsador to the Turkifh Emperor, / 



14 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Anno Dm. i6ti and 9 Years Resident / Faithful in Neg^otiatioDS 
Foreign and Domestick, / Eminent for Piety, Charity, Loyalty and 
Prudence. / An Inhabitant 26 Years & bountiful Benefactor / To this 
Parifli. / He Dyed the 2a». of Auguft 1650 / Aged 84 Years." 

In the article above alluded to occurs the following paragraph : — 
'' Some account of sir Paul^ and three woodcuts of his house and 
lodge, will be found in Thombury and Walford*s Old and New 
London^ vol. ii. pp. 151, 15a, i59-" This is not quite correct — ^tfae 
three woodcuts are all on p. 151, but there are references to be found 
in vol. i. p. 246, and in vol ii. pp. 152, 153, and 159. 

Holmby Houe, Forert Qate. JoHN T. PAas. 

388. — Sculptured Cross in S. Sepulchre's, Northamp* 
TON. — Can any one give the history of the old sculptured cross^ 
within a circle, on a square stone, let into the end wall of the south- 
east aisle, in the round church of S. Sepulchre, Northampton > Is it 
the emblem of the Grand Prior of the Knights of S. John of 
Jerusalem, or has it an3rthing to do with that order ? Also, has it 
always been seen in the church, or where has it been brought from, 
and when placed there ? I should take it to he about six hundred 
years old. Delta. 

389. — Sanctuaries. — Mr. T.J. de Mazzinghi, m.a., f.s.a., 
the learned curator of the William Salt Library at Stafford, has just 
published a volume on this subject. The practice of setting apart 
certain places to which criminals might flee for safety from their 
pursuers is of great antiquity, and indeed, as Mr. Mazzinghi points 
out, has its root in a sentiment common to all humanity. The Jews 
bad their cities of refuge, and among both Greeks and Romans some 
of the temples were endowed with the privilege of affording protection 
to all who fled to them, even though they might be criminals of the 
worst kind. Eventually these asylums became a public nuisance,and 
the emperor Tiberius suppressed them throughout the Roman 
Empire. After the victory of Christianity over Paganism the 
churches were permitted to become asylums, or, as these places of 
refuge came to be called, sanctuaries. In course of time monarcbs 
assumed to themselves the prerogative of granting charter rights of 
sanctuary to other than ecclesiastical buildings. " Taking church," 
as it was termed, did something to mitigate the frightful barbarity 
of the criminal law in mediaeval times, but it led to great abases 
and to frequent and angry disputes between the clergy and the civil 
power. Sanctuaries were not abolished until the reign of James i.. 



Wakerley Parish Registers. 15 

but Henry tiii. diminished greatly the number of places of refuge, 
and excluded from the benefit of sanctuary, even in consecrated 
places, all persons guilty of murder, rape, highway robbery, burglary^ 
liouse-buming, or sacrilege. By the statute of the thirty-second year 
of Henry's reign, chap. 12, however, eight cities and towns were 
made sanctuaries for term of life for all persons guilty of minor 
offences. One of those places was Northampton. Mr. Mazzinghi 
quotes from the Assize Roll of the iifty-sixth year of Henry iii. a 
number of curious cases of criminals gaining sanctuary, and anyone 
having access to a similar record for Northampton would have no 
di£5culty in compiling an interesting contribution to " N. N. & Q." 
It 18 also worth while to enquire whether there are in existence any 
records which would enable us to identify any portions of existing 
churches with the places specifically set apart for the lodgment of 
sanctuary criminals. 

Bowley Park, Stafford. J. L. Cherrt. 

390. — Northamptonshire Folklore. — At the beginning of 
this century, in the villages of north-west Northamptonshire, fried 
mice were given as a specific for whooping-cough. The children 
were decoyed by nurses into eating them by being told they were 
small birds. S. J. H. 

391. — Wakerley Parish Registers. — These registers com- 
mence in 1540, and are in good condition. After the earlier entries 
the regnal year of the reigning monarch is given to James i. The 
heading to the ''baptizings ** is not decipherable. The following 
extracts with illustrative notes I append. 

Stamford. JuSTIN SiMPSON. 

BAPTISMS. 

I J40 Maiye Conyers the daughter of fErancis Conyers xxiij day of 

Nov. 

Jane her slBter, and brother to Edw. Conyers, married Owen Oglethorpe 

(armada ohevron, vair^ between 8 boars* heads coupe imp. az. a mannoh or, 

a martle for difieienoe), of Newington, Oxon, Visit, of 1674. (Harl. MS. 6812.) 

1550 William the Sonne of Hugh W3rtham, xxiv Dec. 

1553 Jane Conyers the daughter of Richard Conyers the xxvj^ of 

Nov. 
'554'5 Anne Conyers the daughter of Richard Conyers^ esquire 

iii] March 
1555 Thomas Bever the sonne of Thomas Bever the xij^ day of 

Dec« 



i6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1556-7 Richard Wytham the sonne of Hugh Wytham j* xrij*^ 

March. 
1557 Grissell Conyers, the daughter of Richard Conyers the ij day 

of Oct. & on the 21st Elizabeth another dau. 
1 5 61 George Gryffyn the sonne of Edward Gryfiyn, esquire the ix 

day of November. 

1563 Elizabeth Warde the daughter of "William Warde xviij JoIiL 
„ Robert Pepper the sonne of William Pepper the xi*** daie of 

August. 
The family name is yet to be found in the village directory, and alao ia 
that of Barrowden (Rutland), barely a mile apart. 

1564 Ann Goodladd the daughter of Thomas Goodladd the ffirst 

daie of Nov. 
'5^7 John Pepper the sonne of Anthony Pepper xxii of May. 
1568 ffrancis Digbye, the sonne of Robert Digbye xiiij*** of Nov. 

This family was a branch of the Bigbys of Tilton, Leioestershiie, and 
branches were seated at North Luffenham, Seaton, and Drystoke, Rutland- 
shire. 

157 1 Peregrine Warde the sonne of William Warde, ▼ Aprill. 

^573 Sara Treeves the daughter of Roger Treeves ij day of August 

1575 Dorothye Digbye, the daughter of Robert Digbye, the xxiv 
Aprill. 

1587-8 Walter Griffyn the sonne of R(a)yfe Griffyn, esquire, vtfc 
day of March, Anno dom 1587(8) et 28 Reginae Elizabetbae. 

1593 Jonas Munton, the sonne of Clement Munton, xv daie of 
September. 

1598 William Warde, the sonne of Lawrence Warde, xxix Julii ; 
Elizabeth, dau. of the same xi Feb. 1603(4). 

1601 George sonne of William Warde xxi May. John and Eliza- 
beth sonne and dau. of Willm Warde, gent., 8 March, 
1601-2 Alexander sonne of Willm Warde, 18 Sept 1608 

1574 Elizabeth Cletonn the daughter of John Cleton xxi August. 

158 1-2 Anthony ffiillshurst the sonne of Edw. fiullshurst, dark, 
XX vj fFeb. 

1583 William sonne of Edw. fRilshurst clarke, second April. 

Henry Wyoliflf alias Wickley of co. York, (2nd son of Giles Wykerley of 
Addington, co. Northampton, and . . d. of . . . Starkey), married 
Elinor, daughter of Thomas Tawyer of Rands. Alice, their daughter, wu 
the wife of Edward Fulhnrst, of Wakerley. Visit of Northampton, 1618. 
(HarL MS. 1094, fol. 210.) 

[To be continued.] 



Medals and Tradesmen's Tokens. 1 7 

392, — Sbrjeant Family op Castor (247,330). — In answer 
to an enquiry from Chicago, u.s a., we quote the following from Dr. 
Howard*s Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, vol. iii. p. 161. 

" In Castor Church, Northants, is a flat stone thus inscribed : — 

"Here lieth the body of Mary, wife of William Hubbard, of Langham 

in the county of Rutland, daughter of William and Mary Serjeant 

of Castor. She died Nov. 19, 1742, aged 22. Adjoining is a 

marble tablet to her father and mother: he ob. 22 July, 1744, aged 

53 ; and she 31 Jan. 1765, aged 68. Near to is another to Mar}', 

wife of Mr. Wright Serjeant, dau. of Henry Dove, esq. died 24 Aug. 

1750, aged 25, and her husband, 14 Feb. 1787, aged 59. She was 

the eldest dau. of Henry Dove, esq. (bur. at Tinwell, Rutland, 3 Oct. 

1766), descended from Tho. Dove, Bishop of Peterborough, d. 30 

Aug. 1630. She was b. 26, bapt. 28 Dec. 1724, at Castor, and was 

mar. 26 May, 1750, to Wright Serjeant. I may add that Langham 

and Barleythorpe are but a short mile apart. Justin Simpson.*' 

3G3. — The Aubrey Family.— Is anything known to any of 
your numerous correspondents of a Northamptonshire family bearing 
the name of Aubrey ? In "N. N. & Q.," April, 1884, art. 28, p. 3$, 
I find the name at Higham Ferrers attached to a petition in favour 
of the appointment of a special clergyman as vicar of the parish. 

I believe there is also in the parish registers of Maxey an entry, 
Oct. 19, 1570, "John Ewing married to Agnes Aubrey." 

Eooloston, ChoBter. J. E. EwEN. 

394. — Medals and Tradesmen's Tokens of Northampton- 
shire (245, 263, 337). — Besides the tokens of the seventeenth 
century there is a considerable series of medals, tokens, &c., issued 
in this county of later date. It would be very interesting if a 
complete list of these could be obtained 5 and as a contribution 
towards such a list we here give descriptions of specimens we have 
already met with. Notices of additional examples will be very 
welcome. Mr. D. T. Batty, of Manchester, and Mr. C. Dack, of 
Peterborough, have favoured us with the loan of several rare specimens 
from their cabinets. J. T. 

ALTHORP. 
139. O. Bust to left, " Earl Spencer. First Lord of the Admiralty. 
Appointed Mar. 2. 1795." 
R. — " Decori Decus Addit Avito." Figure of Victory in 
centre, inserted underneath "Under Wise Counsels the 
British Navy Triumphs, mdccxcix.'* 

3 



i8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

KETTERING. 

In 1842 the following medals were struck in commemoration of 
the Jubilee of the Baptist Missionary Society held at Kettering: — 

140. O. Bust to right, " William Carey." 

R. In the centre *' Baptist Mission formed Oct^ 2«* 1/9^- 
Commenced in E. Indies 1793. W. Indies 1813. W. 
Africa 1840. Stations 157. Missionaries 71. Teachers 
& Native Preachers 127. Members upwards of 30,000. 
Scholars about 18,000. Scriptures Translated into 40 
Languages & Dialects. Copies issued in the Year 184 c 
85,000. Slavery Abolished Aug*, ist 1838.'' Round 
the margin " Expect Great Things from God. Attempt 
Great Things fpr God." Davis, Birm. 

X41. O. An open bible. on a pedestal inscribed "Trans into 40 
Lang" J " a Missionary preaching, near him ah East 
Indian on his knees and a slave rejoicing in his newly 
found liberty 5 two angels above, one holding an open 
bible and the other with trumpet extended. With in- 
scription underneath "Baptist Mission Jubilee 1842." 
Round the design, " Then shalt Thou cause the trumpet 
of the Jubilee to sound & ye shall hallow the fiftieth 
year." 
R. Identical with No. 140 

142. O. Portraits of "Carey and Thomas the First Missionaries.** 
R. The house at Kettering where the Society was formed in 

1792, with the inscription " Jubilee of Baptist Mission 
Formed at Kettering Oct' 2nd 1792." 

143. O. Portraits of " W. Carey," " A. Fuller," " S. Pearce," " IV 

Ryland." An open bible in the centre, with an inscription 
encircling the portraits " Not unto us, O Lord, not unto 
us, but unto Thy name give glory/* 

R. " Fifty years ago, the Baptist Mission was commenced & 
Carey & Thomas the First Missionaries sent to India. 
The Society now numbers about 200 Missionaries & 
Teachers, 157 Stations, more than 30000 Members & 
18000 Scholars. The Bible has been translated into 40 
Languages & Dialects. Other men laboured & ye are 
entered into their Labours." 



Medals and Tradesmen's Tokens^ 19 

NORTHAMPTON. 
144. O. Bust to left, " George Jobson. Banker. 1794.'* 

R. Arms, a castle above a lion, '^May Northampton flourish.*' 
Round the edges — '' Payable in Lancas^ London, or 
Bristol."* Bronze. 

X45. O. '' Northampton Theatre. Erected 1805." 
R. Wreath encircling Number. Silver, 

A medal was struck by the Government of the day on the 
assassination of Spencer Perceval, at that time M.P. for Northampton. 
A specimen of this rare medal is in the Northampton Museum. 

X46. O. A striking likeness of Mr. Perceval, inscribed "The R*. 
Hon^** Spencer Perceval, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
&c." 
R. Britannia pointing to a broken pillar, the capital of which 
has fallen to the ground, emblematic of the loss his 
country had sustained. On the base of the monument 
is a representation of the assassination of Mr. Perceval, 
as perpetrated by Bellingbam in the lobby of the House 
of Commons ; with the inscription underneath, " Assas- 
sinated May II, 1812.'* Round the margin, ''He lived 
beloved and lamented fell.'* 

147. O. Bust of Queen Victoria to left, " Gent & C« Tea Dealers. 
Northampton." 
R. Shield of Arms, Griffin Supporters, Crest, a Camel, *'The 
best & cheapest Tea CofEee Sugar &c." Ex. ''Gent& 
C« Northampton 1850." 

* Batty qnotes the following yarietiee :— 

1787 O. Bust to left,'* George Jobson. Banker.'* Ex. « 1794." 

R. Anns aimilar to Norwich, a Castle above a lion, <* May Northamp- 
ton Flourish." E.— Plain. 

1788 O. and B.— As last. E.— << Payable in Lancaster London or Bristol." 

1789 O. and B.— As 1787. E.— << Payable in Lancaster Ondon or BzistoL" 

1790 O. and B.— As 1787. E.--" Payable in Lancaster Ondon or Bristol" 

1791 O. and B.— As 1787. E.— « Table in Lancaster London or Bristol." 

1792 O. and B.— As 1787. E.— «* Ayable in Lancaster London or Bristol" 
1792a O. and B.— As 1787. E.— "Able in Lancaster London or Bristol." 

1793 O. and B.— As 1787. E.— *< In Lancaster London or BzistoL" 

1794 O. and B.— As 1787. K-*" Anoaster London or Bristol." 

1794« O. and B.— As 1787. E.— ** Le in Lancaster London or Bristol." Bronti, 

3» 






20 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

148. O. " Hallam, Edens and Clark Curriers & Ladies & Gentle- 

mens Boot and Shoe Manufacturers Northampton & 
Stafford.** ''Wholesale & Retail Establishments as on 
the other side." 
R. " 126 Dale S*- Liverpool, 22 Little Underbank Stockport, 
Angel Row Nottingham, & Shude Hill Manchester, 
No. 8 Briggate Leeds, 23 Swan S^ Manchester, 5 
Hay market Sheffield." Brass. 

149. O. "T. Harrison Grocer & Tea Dealer Mair Fair North- 

ampton.'* 
R. Bust to left, " P & C* " below ; " Victoria Queen of Great 
Britain." 

150. O. " Northampton M. L Society i Penny." 
R. Incuse. Tin. 

151. O. "Northampton Progressionist Society 1 Penny Limited* 
R. Incuse. Tin. 

152. O. *' H. Morgan Licensed Manufacturer 12 Rath bone Place 

London." In centre "Derby Leicester Northampton 
and Rutland Licensed Shilling Silver Token.** 
R. Cinquefoil in shield, with two laurel branches, inscribed 
" One Shilling Silver Token." 

'53« O. " In Commemoration of the Jubilee College Street Sabbath 
Schools. October 7 i860." In centre a representation 
of College Lane Chapel. 
R. Figure of a schoolboy holding a bible ; on the left a shield 
with bust of Robert Raikes, inscribed '* Robert Raikes. 
Founder of Sunday Schools." Round the margin of 
medal, " Remember thy Creator in thy youth and thy 
benefactors with gratitude." 

154. O. Bust to left, "John Wesley, M.A., Born 1703. Died 
1791. * The World is ray Parish.' " 
R. ''Jubilee Token of the Wesleyan Methodist Sunday- 
School Gold S*. Northampton, 1867. Established a.d. 
18 16, by Rev. W. Fowler, Superintendent Minister in 
the Old Wesleyan-Chapel, King's-Head-Lane. The New 
School Room, Gold St. opened 13 Jan., 1828." 



Ik 



Medals and Tradesmen's Tokens, 21 

'55- O- " E. Franklin, Leamington House, Northampton, i^d." 
R. " E. Cottrill, Birmingham. Die Coin and Press Works, 
St. Paul's Square, i id." [1 855.] 

156. O. Bust to left of Shakspeare. 

R- " To be spent the same evening as received. T. Jones 
Mare Fair, Northampton." For centre " Shakspeare 
Saloon, 6d.*' Brass. [186a.] 

157. O. Bronze Medal. On a shield the Town Arms, surrounded 

by three scrolls bearing the words " Castello.*' " Fortior," 
" Concordia." "Wyon, sc. 
R. In the centre: "Head Master's Prize Awarded to 
. • . ." Round the margin: '^Northampton Grammar 
School Founded a.d. 1541." 

158. O. Bronze Medal. On a shield the Town Arms, surrounded 

by three scrolls bearing the words " Castello," " Fortior," 
"Concordia." Wyon, sc. 
R. In the centre : "Awarded by J. B. Hensman to . . . .'* 
Round the margin : " Northampton School of Art Es- 
tablished A.D, 1871." 

A similar medal is annually presented in connection with the Northampton 
Bohool of Science. 

159. O. Bronze Medal. On a shield the Town Arms, surrounded 

by three scrolls bearing the words " Castello," " Fortior," 
" Concordia." Wyon, sc. 

R. In the centre, surrounded by a laurel wreath, ''Prize 
Medal." Round the margin "Northampton Leather 
Exhibition 1873." 

160. O. Bronze Medal. On a shield the Town Arms, surrounded 

by three scrolls bearing the words " Castello," " Fortior," 
"Concordia." Wyon, sc. 
R. "Photographic Exhibition Northampton" In centre, 
"Prize Medal." [1884.] 
The only Medal preiented for this district was awarded to Mr. Gharles Law 
of 12 Bridge street^ Northampton. 

The obverse in all these medals (nos. 1 57 — 160) is from the same 
die, the die being the property of Mr. Hensman and Dr. Sanders, 
who lent it for the purposes of 159 and 160. 



n 



22 Northamptomhire Notes and Queries. 

i6i. O. " W. Thomas, Crow & Horse Shoe Inn. ad.*' 
R. *• Concert every Evening.'* . Brass. [1855.] 

1 62. O.— " Northampton Peoples' Cafe Company Limited." Town 

Arms. 
R. — Inscription similar; in centre^ "1" 

163. O.— •* W. Eldridge, 16 Gold St, Northampton." 

. R.-~"Buy your Hats, Caps, and Clothing at Eldridge's." 

[188J.] 

164. O. '' Little Chests of Tea." Hodges & Sears, Northamptoo. 
R. Incuse. Tin. [1878.] 

OUNDLE. 

165. "Oundle Brookshaw " Unofficial stamp* impressed on the 

obverse of a George III. halfpenny, 177 1. 

PETERBOROUGH. 

166. O. " Peterborough Bank Token. Cole & Co.'* In centre 

of two laurel branches, *' For XII. Pence." 
R. West front of Cathedral. " Silver Token. 181 1." 

167. O. " Peterborough Bank Token. Cole & Co. For Eighteen 

Pence." 
R. West Front of Cathedral. •' Silver Token 181 1." 

168. O. «T. Brainsley, Peterboro." 

R. Incuse. Brass. Lozenge-shaped. 

169. O. "Wentworth Hotel. John Ellis." In centre. Masonic 

symbol — square and compasses. 
R. " Bowling Saloon. 3." Brass. 

395. — War Medals. — The following account of recipients 
of Crimean war medals is taken from Carter's British Medals. 
The Forty-eighth Regiment now forms the First Battalion of the 
Northamptonshire Regiment. 

French War Medal. 

*• Forty-eighth Regiment. Acting Sergeant-Major 8. Francis. 
For having, when on duty in the trenches, on the night of the 4th of 
June, 1855, when an alarm was given that the Russians were 



War Medals. 23 

approachiDg, and a sortie about to be made, and when the sentries 
in advance had retired in some confusion, supplied their place bj a 
new line of sentries, which he formed out of a number of volunteers 
who offered themselves, and thereby prevented the further advance of 
the Russians. This took place under a heavy fire. On another 
occasion this non-commissioned officer conveyed a message from 
Lieutenant-Colonel Riky, commanding the 48th regiment, to the 
general of the right attack, regarding the movement of some troops, 
OD the 9th of June, 1855, under a heavy fire. 

"Corporal T. Kelly. For having assisted in working a gun, 
voluntarily, in the battery in which he was on duty, on the night of 
the 7th of September, 1855, for which he was particularly brought to 
notice by the captain of artillery on duty in the battery; on which 
occasion he received a severe wound. 

"Corporal T. Groorly and Private J. Downey. Assisted the 
Adjutant of the 48th regiment, early on the morning of the 19th of 
June, i8j5, in endeavouring to bring into the trenches a wounded 
British soldier who was lying in a rifle-pit in the Cemetery. The 
attempt failed in consequence of the ground being swept by a cross 
fire from the enemy's works, and from which the men were placed in 
the most imminent danger, as the fire was very heavy and well 
directed." 

Sardinian War Medal. 

" Forty-eighth Regiment. Captain William Henry Caimes. — For 
steadiness and soldier-like conduct whilst in command of a party of 
his regiment, sent to relieve and reinforce a party of the 4th regiment, 
on the night of the 22nd ot June, 1855, in the trenches before 
Sebastopol. 

" Sergeant Richard Butlin. — For volunteering to join the party 
above referred to, and accompanying his captain." 

396.— KiRBT Hall: a Corrbction. — ^The following medal, 
quoted by Batty in his Catalogue of the Copper Coinage of Great 
Britain, 6s^c., 1868, as belonging to Northamptonshire, belongs 
really to Essex : — 

"KIRBY HALL. 

O. Building, with the Sun radiating upon it, an Arbour on a hill 

to the left. 
Arms below, 'Kirby Hall, 28 Apr. 1774.' 
R. Male and Female busts to rights ' Pet. M uilman A. 68 Mary 

Chiswell. A. 6i, Living in LawfuU Wedlock 40 Years.' Ex. 

'T. PingoF."* 



24 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Muilman, the issuer of the medal, was Author of 
<* A New and Complete History of Essex, from a late Survey, niastrated 
with Copper-Plates. By a Gkntleman. 
Cbslksvobo. Printed and Sold by Lionel Hassall, hdcolxxx-lxzii." 6 toU. 8to. 

Also of 

" An Essay Explaining the mode of exeonting* a usefal Work, Entitled, 
A New Description of England and Wales, as a Continuation and 
Dlustration of Camden. 
LovDov: Printed; ftnd Sold bjG. PearohfCheapside. K^socLxxn.** ISmo. 

At the end of the copy of the latter in the Bodleian^ is a news- 
paper cutting, which reads as follows : — 

Morning Post, Feb. 6, 1776. 
<' Chelmsford, Feb. 3. Last week Peter Mailman, of Eirby Hall, Esq. 
presented an address to his Majesty from the Society of Antiquarians, deeirixig^ 
bis assistance and recommendation to the Archbishops and Bishops to set the 
Deans in every Deanery to get every Rector, Vicar, or Curate of every Pariah, 
to give an historical account of every antique and modem improvement, and 
the same to be transmitted to the respective Lord Lieutenant, Cnstos 
Rottdorum, or Clerk of the Peace, to see that the said account is judicioualy 
transmitted, according to a set of stated queries, and when completed, the same 
to be forwarded to the snid Society ; which plan Mr. Muilman formed, and 
pursued in his description of the county of Essex. The same address his 
Majesty most graciously received and highly approved, promising to recom- 
mend it to the Bishops, and to give it every assistance in his power.*' 

397. — Churchwardens'" Accounts at Towcester. — The 
following are abstracted from the churchwardens' accouot book for 
the parish of Towcester. D. N. T. 

1712 £ s. d. 

July 9th gave the Ringers when Dunkirk was Sur- 

render'd . . - . ... 00 06 00 

1713 

^l^Y y* 5th payd the Ringers : peace proclaiming in 

London . . . . . . 00 05 00 

May y* 9th The Ringers for Ringing tooe dajes and 

other Companys Consent proclaiming the peace . 1 06 00 
marke Aborne Roger Brooks John Wisdom 3 
Culors ...... 

The 3 Drumers 3 Cullors at a' A peace . 
The Flagg one the Steeple by order 

[Month or date not given] The Ringers when the 

pease was proclaymed betwin Spayne and England 00 10 00 

The Neighbours Bayliffs & Drums Drinking the 

Queens Health . . . . . 00 07 06 

payd Oliver Penn proclaiming the peace . . 00 01 00 



00 


03 


00 


00 


06 


00 


00 


02 


00 



£ 


s. 


d. 


oo 


07 


06 


02 


15 


00 


00 


01 


06 


00 


n 


00 


01 


03 


00 


00 


05 


00 


00 


11 


00 



Churchwarden's Accounts at Towcester. 25 

-April 23 gave y« Ringers y* Queens Coronation day . 

JMay 9 Left to pay by ye consent of ye Townsmen 
for a Hogshead of Ale which was given away upon 
ye markett Hill , 

gave a man to draw out ye drink & to take care of it 
pd ye 3 Drumers druming for peace 

l*^ov. 5 Spent of ye Ringer & some Townsmen 

Hollowed for Druming when peace was concluded 
betwixt England and Spain 
Spent by the Townsmen in Beer at the same time 
1714 
[Date not given but follows May] gave at King 

Charles's restauration (day?) . . .050 

P* the Parritor for a Paper concerning ye Elector 
of Brunswick • . . . .010 

P* at ye Proclaiming King George by ye Towns- 
men Consent . . . . . 12 5 6 
gave ye Ringers at Twice for Ringing when ye 
King came over • . . . o 15 o 

Aug Tst gave th Ringers the Kings Accession to the 

Crown . . . • . . o 12 6 

Jany [no date] gave the Ringers when the Rebles 

dbpersed from Scotland . . . . o 13 6 

1716 
Jany 25 P^ for Ringing for the Kings Return . 00 07 6 

1717 
May 14 Gave the Ringers on ye Kings Birthday .060 
[no date] Spent on the Officers and Dragoons . 018 6 

[no date] Gave the Ringers on ye Kings Restauration 060 
[no date] Gave ye Ringers on ye Kings proclaimation 050 
[no date] Spent on the Ringers and other townsmen 

on the 5th of November . . . .180 

1718 
May 29 Gave to ye Ringers being King Charles 

Restauracion Day . . . .066 

1720 
Jane 6 Preambulation day in ye morn : Ale & bread 
At offle Meadow Plank 24 qts. Ale 3 Doz : bread 
At High Hay i6 qts Ale & 7 penny loaves 
At night when came home 23 qts. Ale . 
flfor Supper A leg of Mutton & Veale pye 






01 


9 





II 








05 


II 





7 


8 





04 






26 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1720 £ s. d. 

Aug. 1 To Sam* Basford for stoping ye cracks in ye 

command** . . . . . o 00 6 

1721 
April 6 To mending ye hood & book of martyrs .010 
Dec. 21 at Giving away the money & Corn & expended 

in to the Assisstant . . . .030 

1722 
Dec. 25 For Greens To Dress The Church . .010 

1724 
Jan. I To Ringers when King came home 4 .050 

Dec. 21 Expended at Giveing away The Com and 

monej of Selves and assistants . . .026 

March Expended when the Leavy was Granted By 
Consent of the Townsmen [the reason of Grant 
not stated] . . . . .026 

April 3 Expend at Giving away The Corn & money 

of selves & assistants • . . .026 

1727 

[no date] Gave to a Poor man that had a Pass .010 

1736 

July 20 Mark Ahum for Crying down a Markett on 

the Sabbath day . . . . .004 

1740 

[no date, probably in December] (jave a Woman & 
two small Children to Groe from Town having the 
Small Pox on them . . . .006 

398. — Cromwell in Northamptonshire.— In Northampton, 
Past and Present , reference is made to Lieut.-General Cromwell 
being at Northampton "on the 30th of March, 1643.*' The year 
should undoubtedly be 1645. The subjoined extract furnishes 
conclusive evidence on this point. It does not appear that Cromwell 
stayed at the old house in Marefair, though it is sometimes called 
•'Cromwell House." 

From the Perfect Occurrences of Parliament, Mvnday March 
the 31, 1645. "This day there came Intelligence from Northamp- 
ton, that LiUetenant Generall Craford went to muster his men on 
Munday last, and the day before went from Northampton, for that 
purpose, towards Coventrie, as you may see by this letter following : — 

" Sip, — Yesterday being the Lords day. Lieutenant Generall 
Cromwelli being at this towne of Northampton, with a good body of 



Cromwell in Northamptonshire. 27 

Horse and foot, by the advice of his CouDsell of Warre, marched 
from heuce with 1500 horse, and two Regraents of foot, to muster 
at Rugbe}', in Warwickshire, where they intended to quarter that 
night, about 16. miles march, and after their Muster to march 
tovsrards*Coventrie. about 8. or 10. miles further, and there to stay 

for the pre^nt, to attend the motions of the enemie for the securing 

of those parts. 

•' Northampton the 31. of March. 1645." 

It is not improbable that Cromwell remained at or in the 

neighbourhood of Northampton until, the following June, as on the 

T3th of that month he, with 600 horse and dragoons, joined Fairfax 

and the Parliamentary forces near Floore ; Charles and the Royalist 

army being then encamped at Borough Hill, near Daventry, whither 

the king had gone, we are told, with "a thorough resolution of 

fighting." The legend of Lord Stratford there appearing to Charles 

in a vision, and warning him against encountering the Parliamentary 

arnsy is well known ; the result of this supposed warning being a 

hasty departure of the Royalists northward, closely followed by 

Fairfax. On the night of the 13th Charles rested at Harborough, 

where a council of war was called, and the following day witnessed 

the ever-memorable battle of Naseby, in which Cromwell played a 

conspicuous part. 

The presence of Cromwell in Northamptonshire at an earlier 
date is proved by the following extract from A Perfect Diurnall of 
some Passages in Parliament. Thursday the 27. July, 1643 : — 

From *' Colonell Cromwell there is certain news come, hathtaken 
Stamford and Burleigh House, a great receptacle for the Newark 
Cavaliers for their in-Road into Northampton-shire, and parts there- 
abouts : the service, it is informed, was somewhat difficult, but it was 
taken with the losse of very few men, and many prisoners of note 
taken, amongst the rest, two Colonels, 6 or 7 Captains, 400 Foot, 
and about 200 Horse, great store of Arms, and abundance of rich 
Pillage." 

Some attempt has been made to show that the remains of 
Cromwell found interment — not within the walls of Westminster 
Abbey, as is commonly supposed, but on the scene of one of his 
victorious fights — the field of Naseby. In proof of this contention, 
Lockinge, in his History of Naseby, gives the following narrative by 
the son of Col. Barkstead, the regicide, who relates " that he was 
about fifteen years old at the time of Cromwell's death : that the 
said Barkstead his father, being Lieutenant of the Tower and a great 

4» 



28 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

confident of Cromwell's, did among other such confidents, in the 
time of his illness, desire to know where he would be buried, to 
which the Protector answered, where he had obtained the greatest 
Victory and glory, and as nigh the spot as could be guessed, where 
the heat of the action was, viz : in the field of Naseby, in the county 
of Northampton. At midnight soon after his death, the body (bein^ 
first embalmed and wrapped in a leaden coflSn) was in a herse 
conveyed to the said field at Naseby, Mr. Barkstead himself attended 
by order of his father, close to the herse. Being come to the field, 
they found about the midst of it, a grave dug about nine feet deep, 
with the green sod carefully laid on one side, and the mould on the 
other ; in which the coffin being put, the grave was instantly filled 
up, and the green sod laid exactly flat upon it ; care being taken that 
the surplus mould should be clean removed. Soon after the like 
care was taken, that the ground should be plowed up, and it was 
sowed successively with corn." F. A. Tole. 

399. — FiTZWiLLiAM Family. — In the Visitations of Bedford- 
shire, edited Harleian Society, p. ap, is a pedigree of Fitzwilliam 
of Melton, ending with Thomas, of Kempston in this county, who, 
by his wife Alice, daughter of John RufForde of Ediesborough, co. 
Bucks, had issue Uryan, Jane, and Eleanor. 

In the parish registers of Kempston I have found several entries 
relating to the issue of Humphrey and Elizabeth Fitzwilliam. I 
cannot identify this Humphrey unless "Uryan" is, as I suspect, a 
misreading for *' Humphrey.*' I should be glad to receive infor- 
mation on this point. I find, also, a Roger Fitzwilliam buried at 
Elstow in 1624, who, I take it, was a son of sir John. I have 
consulted pedigrees in printed Visitations of Northants, Essex, Line, 
and Yorks, but none of them help me. I should be glad to hear 
direct from anyone who can enlighten me on the above points. 

Bedford. F. A. Blaydes. 

400. — Frbb Schools in Northamptonshire. — The original 
MS. concerning the foundations, catalogues of the masters, and other 
material toward the history of Free Schools in England, from which 
we quote the following, is in the Bodleian Library, (Wood MS. 
D. II). 

S'. Rob. Dallington K. Mr. of the Charter house borne at 
Geddington in com. Nhapt (neare Kettering) was Greek-Scholar of 
Pembroke hall, from whence he brought into the Charter house 
Schoole the custom of chapter verses or versifying on passages of 



The Sheppard Family of Towcester, 29 

Holy Scripture. He is the author of Aphorismes civil and mililary, 
^Sfc. He gave 500", viz. 300** to y« poore of Geddington (who have 
every Lds day a dole 24 three penny loaves dealt among them &c out 
of y* money) 100" to buy a great bell & 100" to build a School 
house, w*** was done & he had intentions to endow it with 20" p an. 
Fuller in his Worthies in com. Nhapt. p. 288, saith y' he was bible 
clerk of Bennet coll. but mistaken. 

Mr. . . . Fowler Mr. of the Free-Schoole at Kettering in 
Com. Nhap. & Rector, which is onlie titular, for he hath no tithes or 
Ch. dues — (1674 } ). 

S'. Rob. Dalliugton (before mentioned) Gent, of y* privie Chab 
built a free schoole at Geddington 163J. 

Free schoole at Fotheringey in Com. Nhapt. founded by K. Ed. 6. 

I. Master was Mr. Tho. Hurland who continued Mr. ^^ yeares 
— after him succeeded Mr. . . Bifeild. 

A free school at Oundell in Com. Nhap. — phaps J. Newton y* 
mathemat. was bred there — ?. 

Franc. Dee Bish. of Peterborough did in y* yea re 1638 give the 
Rectorie or Parsonage imppriat of Pagham in Com. Suss, (held by 
lease of y* Cath. Ch. of Cant.) after the decease of his relict to y« 
Mr. & Seniors of S. Johns Coll. in Cambr. for y« founding & main- 
taining 2 fell. & 2 scholarships for ever there, the scholars to be 
elected out of Peterborough Schoole. 

Will'. Sponne Archd. of Norfolk made his will 1447 buried at- 
Towcester in com. Nhap. where his mon. remaines to this day — 
founded a chantry for 2 preists there — part of w**» after y* reforation 
was imployed for a free schoole. But his Executors as I uudstand 
did then found a free schoole. 

401, — The Shbpparo Family op Towcester (59, 168, 221, 
364, 379). — William Shepherd, of Col. Handyside's regiment (i6th 
foot), was married at S. Nicholas church, Cork, Ireland, April i, 1 76 1, to 
Jane Bridge — so says the parchment certificate now in the possession 
of Mrs. Edward Goodman, of Hartford county, u.s.a., a descendant 
of the above William. According to the Annals of Albany, he was 
an " armourer of the American forces during the War of the Revo- 
lution, although a loyalist." It is said that he came with his 
regiment to America, but left it before the opening of the war. His 
first child, Jonathan, was born at Dublin, Dec. 29, 1761. His second 
son, William, was born at Fort George, (New York City), Sept. 8, 



30 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1768, as were also Robert (Jan. 25, 177 1), and John (April 14, 
'77.3)» ^'h of whom died soon after 3 while the other sons, 
Thomas, George, Robert 2d, and Richard, were bom at Albany, n.y., 
where the father died April 4, 1794, aged 58. A daughter Mary, 
born at Kilkenny, Ireland, May 25, 1766, married Benj. V. Clench, 
of Albany, u.s.a. 

This William Sheppard is supposed to have been bom at, or in 
the immediate vicinity of, London, and to have been a son of Robert 
Sheppard, and near relative of Richard Sheppard, of Southwark, who 
married July 19, 1735, Miss Wissingraft, (who died at Southwark, 
Sept. 23, 1737) ; and he died July 10, 1744. A sister of Richard 
Sheppard, Esq., of Southwark, married a Mr. Jones, apothecary, of 
Newgate street ; and the Shepherds of Albany, had relatives by that 
name at Montreal, Canada. Samuel Sheppard, of Blisworth, co. 
Northampton, married Sept. 11, 1744, a Miss Sheppard of South- 
wark. and Samuel Sheppard, also of Blisworth, married at S. George, 
Hanover square, Feb. 19. 1750, Anne Clarke. The last-named 
Samuel Sheppard died 1760, and the widow married (Sept. i, 1763) 
William Rugge, of Conduit street, esquire j and died 1768, " desiring," 
in her will, *'to be buried by her late husband Samuel Sheppard at 
Blackley [Brackley ?J in Northamptonshire." She gives to Joseph 
Davidson, of King's College, Cambridge, the picture of his great-great 
uncle, Samuel Sheppard, at Blisworth. Her son, Samuel Sheppard, 
died before 18th May, 1775, and a second settlement was made. 

The name of William Sheppard occurs in connection with 
Thorney Close, Blisworth, in 1622. What can be added to connect 
these dates ? 

Jersey City, U.a.A. E. N. SheppaRD. 

In a subsidy for this county in 17 Carolus i., John Shepheard, of 
Towcester, had land assessed at 205. In another for three months 
from 29th September to 29th December, 1649, for the maintenance 
of the parliament's army, I'honias Shepheard was a sub-collector 
for the parish of Towcester-cum-Handley, and a John Shepheard for 
the parish of Caldecott. Major Samuel Shepheard, of Tossiter, co. 
Northampton, bond of recog. ^4000, that the officers named 
by him march immediately to the waterside for service in Ireland, 
loth October, 16505 and a further sum of 5^250 to march the 
company he agreed to raise into Ireland, without exacting free 
quarter or (jppressing the country ; and for each man short of 120 to 
pay back 14A. — Recog. Committee of State, Interreg. I. 46. 

Stamford. J- S. 



Burghley House. 31 

402, — Northamptonshire M.P.'s — I shall be obliged by 
information respecting any of the under-mentioned M.P.'s of the 
Oommon wealth period. W. D. Pink. 

Thomas Brook, Esq. M.P. Northamptonshire in 1653 and 1654-5. 
Peter Whalley, gent. Northampton, 1654-5. 

Alexander Blake, Esq. Peterborough 1654-5, 1656-8, and 1658-9. 
Was a colonel in the army of the Commonwealth. A broadside 
hst of Parliament, 1658-9, gives his name as '' Alexander 
Beake,** which I suspect may be correct. The original returns 
for Peterborough to all three parliaments are lost. 
Humphrey Orme, gent. He was elected for Peterborough to the 
parliaments of 1654-5, and also to the convention of 1660 5 but 
in both instances lost his seat. He was afterwards elected to 
the parliament of 1661, and sat till his decease in 1670. 
Ralph Suckley, Esq. 5 James Nutley, Esq. Both returned for 
Higham Ferrers in 1658-9, but the return decided to be void, by 
order of the House. A new writ was ordered Feb. 11, 1658-9, 
when I suspect that Nutley was re-elected, but am not sure. 

403, — '* Burleigh House bt Stamford Town." — ^Can any 
of your correspondents explain how Burghley House had fallen into 
the lamentable state of famine and desolation described in Bamahce 
liinerarium (part iii.), in the lines hereunder quoted from the first 

edition : — 

" Thence to Burleigh,* though 'twas winter, 
No fire did the Chimney enter, 
Battries without Butlers guarded. 
Stately gates were dooble- warded ; 
Hoary t Chimneyes without smooke too, 
Hungry Eitchins without Cooke too. 
Hallowing loud, 6 empty wonder ! 
X Ecco straight resounded, hunger. 
Who inhabits this vast brick-house P 
Ecco made reply, the Titmouse." 

Bamaly's Journal is supposed to have been first published circa 
1648-50. The date of his Journeys is unknown, but probably may 
be fixed within the preceding half-dozen years, as one or two allusions 
seem to point to a period subsequent to the commencement of the 
Civil War. Thus the reference to Burghley may be taken as relating 
its condition after it was besieged and pillaged by Cromwell's troops 
in 1643. as recorded in the pamphlet A True Relation of Colonell 
CfomweVs Proceedings against the Cavaliers (Lond. 1643). This 

* This houae the Levaret's bush. f Ivy the Chimneis trophy. 
{ Ecco's the keeper of a forlome house. 



32 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

siege and sack of the house happened in July, and it is not unlikely 
that the place remained unoccupied for some time after the occurrence. 
But against this supposition we have in the Rev. C. Nevinson's 
History of Stamford (1879), ^^® statement that fiurghley House does 
not appear to have suffered materially from the attack upon it ^ nor 
have we any record elsewhere of its having been for a time deserted. 
I have sometimes thought it possible that the lines quoted 
from Bamaby might refer to the neighbouring seat of Burley 
(or Burleigh) -on-the-Hill, in co. Rutland, which was, at the 
commencement of the civil war, garrisoned by the Parliamentary 
troops, who, finding themselves unable to maintain their position 
there, abandoned and burnt the house, which remained in a ruinous 
state for many years, until the estate was purchased and the house 
rebuilt by Daniel Earl of Nottingham, toward the close of the 
seventeenth century. What truth there may be in this surmise can 
only be determined by further evidence, which it is to be hoped may 
be forthcoming. F. T. 

404,— Lbper House at Towcestbr. — In the Pipe rolls of 
a John ( 1 300-1) mention is made of the '* Fratres Leprosi de 
Toucestria." Is an3rthing further known of this house? On 17 
November, 2^ Henry in. (1239), the king commands the sheriffs of 
all counties in the realm not to assess or collect payments of the joths 
due to the crown of all hospitals of lepers throughout the kingdom^ 
as they are quit thereof. (Close Roll, 25 Henry 11 1.) J. s, 

405. — Old Northampton and its Rulers. — ^The following 
items illustrate the personal authority of the monarch in matters of 
local business in days anterior to Parliaments and County Boards. 

On April aa, 1266, the king (Henry 111.) grants wood for fuel in 
Northampton park to the lord legate (Ottobon) while he is at North- 
ampton in the congregation (or council) of prelates there. [This 
Ottobon excommunicated the clergy who joined the party of Simon 
de Montfort, Earl of Leicester.] On the lath December in the 
previous year, the bailiffs of Northampton are commanded to provide 
60 quarters of wheat to be delivered to the king's baker to make 
bread against the king's coming thither. November 3, 1258, Ralph 
Basset, constable of Northampton castle, has the royal command to 
cause the king's bailie to have oaks in the park for the repairs of the 
turrets and walls of the castle. On the 12th January following, the 
sheriff of the county is commanded to cause the gaol of the castle to 
be repaired ; and on the 12th of the following month to have timber 
out of the wood blown down in the park to repair the same. 



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Mingling with thoughts that border on the grave. 

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Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 

DEYOTED TO 

The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c., of the County, 



C ONTENTS. 



4oe 

407 

408 

400 



410 
411 

413 

418 

414 
415 
416 

417 



** Burleigh House by Stamford Town " 
Soimd Stamford (iUmtrationsj 
Thomas Haynes, a Vorthamptonshire 

Aathor 
Lord Mayors of London who were 

Hatiyes of Vorthamptonshire. U. 

Sir Sobert Chicheley. 
Brackley School 
Horthamptonshire Marriages and 

Deaths, 17S7 
English Conntry Life in the 18th 

Century 
The Grandson of a Sieve-Maker 
Belies of Vasehy Fight 
Sir Williftm Fermor 
Histoiy of the Hospital of S. John 

and S. James at BracUey 
Vorthamptonshire M.P.*s 



418 



The Sheppard Family : — 

John Sheperde of Grimscote, 1525 

Sichard Shepard of Winwick, 1532 

John Shepperd of Claycoton, 1530 

Thomas Sheppard of Ahthorpe, 1530 

Knotsford Monument at Malvern 

Horthamptonshire Honjnrors 

The Vincents of Bamack, 1606 

Modem Snperstitions 

Clarke, Fry, and Howett 

Will of Thomas Bellamy, of Stonyard 

Fineshade Priory 

Sculptured Cross in S. Sepulchre's, 

Horthampton fiUwtrationJ 
Bhyming PuhUc-house Signs 
Disturbances in Vorthamptonshire 
Vassington Vicarage 
The Garfields of Vorthamptonshire 
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London: ELLIOT STOCK, PATERNOSTER ROW. 
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Round Stamford. 33 

406. —"Burleigh House by Stampord Towk" (403).— 

In reply to " F. T.'s ** enquiry, I would say that the first edition of 

Samabys Journal was published without a date, and is given by 

Lo^wndes as **circa 1648-50." This is not correct, as Mr. T. Yeo- 

vrell found two notices of the book in the Stationers* Company, under 

date June, 16385 (see " N. & Q.'* 2nd S. x. 423, Dec. i, i860). 

The then owner of Burghley was sir Richard Cecil, brother of 

"William Cecil, secoud earl of Exeter > and he was then residing 

at ^Vakerley, Nortliamptonshire, where he died Sep., 1633, aged 6^, 

It is very probable, therefore, that at the date of Richard Brathwait's 

visit to Burghley, it would be in the deserted state so forcibly — and, 

perhaps, with some little exaggeration — described in his poem. The 

siege of Burghley by Cromwell's soldiers was in 1643 $ and the 

pamphlet, A True Relation, quoted by *' F. T." has been admirably 

reprinted in fac-simile (1868), by Messrs. Taylor and Son, the 

publishers of this journal, and copies of the interesting pamphlet 

may still be obtained of them. , Cuthbert Beds. 

407. — Round Stamford. — A few months ago the members of 
a small architectural club met at Stamford and passed one or two 
pleasant days in exploring the neighbourhood. The subjoined sketches 
are selected from those made on the occasion. 

Among the buildings examined was the Manor house at Woodcroft, 
which dates from the time of Edward I. * There is not much detail 
left, and what remains is of a simple and severe character. The most 
notable feature is the round tower at the corner, which rises abruptly 
from the moat, over which hang dense masses of yew, giving the 
place a sombre and melancholy aspect, strictly in keeping with its 
history. Here occurred one of those incidents of the Civil Wars, 
which, though it serves \o amuse the present generation, must have 
been sufficiently horrible to those concerned. Dr. Michael Hudson, 
one of Charles I.'s chaplains, having, at the head of a small body of 
men, endeavoured to harass the forces of the Parliament, was finally 
compelled t9 retreat to Woodcroft for protection. Here he was 
speedily attacked, and driven gradually from floor to floor, till at 
last he and his surviving comrades stood at bay on the roof of the 
tower. Being at length wounded and overpowered, he was flung over 
the battlements, but managed to cling to a projecting gurgoyle till his 
fingers were chopped off, when he fell into the moat below. Here he 
is said to have begged to be allowed at least to die on dry land, and 
attempted to swim to shore -, but his assailants granted him no mercy, 
and despatched him with their pikes. Perhaps, under the circum- 
* See lithographed sheet of eketchee in this number. 

5 



34 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

stances, this was true kindness, for not only had he lost his fingers, 
but, according to one account, the upper part of his face had fallen 
over the lower through a tremendous wound. Readers of 
" Woodstock " will, no doubt, recognise in this legend the source 
from which Dr. Rochecliffe's most exciting adventure is derived. 

Not far from Woodcroft is the village of Northborough, where 
stand s a building of much greater interest, architecturally speaking. 
Next the road is a great recessed gateway, in which are the usual 
large and small doors 3 passing through the gate, the visitor finds 
himself in a small irregular court-yard, with the old Manor house in 
front of bini (see lithograph). The porch, the buttress between the 
tall windows, the crocketed gable, and octagonal chimney, combine 
to produce a group of unusual interest. Indoors, the original 
arrangements have been considerably modified ; but the old wooden 
screen of the hall remains, as well as the doors to the kitchen and 
buttery. The side of the court-yard next the road is formed by the 
stables, said to have been built out of the ruins of the upper part of 
the gate-house. On one of the gables, a sun-dial serves as a finial. 
The idea is, perhaps, more commendable than the delicacy with 
which it has been carried out. 

The ancient lords of Northborough were a sturdy race, and one 
of their number, GeofErey de la Mare, who fiourished in the early 
years of the fourteenth century, stands prominently forward by 
reason of an action he brought against the Abbot of Peterborough 
to recover tlie constableship of the abbey. A perusal of the privileges 
appertaining to that office throws a curious, and even entertaining 
light on the manner in which those grim barons lived and gained 
their means of living. '* By virtue of this office," says Bridges, "he 
claimed the privilege of commanding the men with which the convent 
furnished the king's army in war, being supplied for that purpose, 
with horses, armour, and whatever else was needful for himself and 
one knight ) of setting the first dish on the table before the abbat, at 
the installation dinner of every newly elected abbat [a curious privilege 
for a haughty baron to claim ; but see the reason why], and of taking 
to his own use all the gold and silver vessels that should be then 
placed on the abbat's table 5 with the liberty of sojourning in the 
abbey, as long as he pleased, with three esquiies, six grooms, five 
horses, one great horse for the saddle, and two greyhounds ; and of 
being found, at the cost and charges of the abbey, in bread, wine, beer, 
fiesh, fish, hay, and oats, and all other necessaries ; with an allowance 
of two robes from the abbat*s wardrobe, or four pounds in lieu of 
them. Afterwards an agreement was entered into, by which the 
said Geoffrey de la Mare, in consideration of sixty marks sterling, 



Round Stamford. 



35 



quitted his pretensions to the said constablesbip, at the same time 
renounciug all right to materials from the convent's woods at Pey- 
chirche, either for repairs or fireing, at his manors of Makeseye, 
Wodecroft, and Northburg.*' 

A curious picture this of the military warrior with his three 
esquires and six grooms^ arriving on their five horses and one great 
saddle-horse, and followed by their two greyhounds, demanding board 
and lodging from a pampered abbot for an indefinite term. If there 
had been a horse too many, or if the dogs had been other than grey- 
hounds, would the abbot have been justified in shutting the abbey 
door in the face of my lord and leaving him in the cold till he complied 
with the articles of his agreement ? or would he have charged some- 
thing extra for the odd horse and for the dogs too, they not being 
greyhounds ? And think of parting with all that array of privileges 
for sixty marks down ! There must have been sad disappointment 
behind those windows by the buttress when Geoffrey de la Mare 
came home one evening and told his wife and family that he had 
compromised the matter for such a paltry sum ; for 60 marks is but 
40/., not a vast sum even in those days. 

Besides the old Manor 
House the church is well 
worth a visit, in order to 
see the Claypole Chapel, 
a very beautiful piece of 
Decorated work, with an 
ossuary beneath it. In the 
church lies buried the wife 
of Oliver Cromwell, her 
daughter Elizabeth having 
married John Claypole who 
lived at the Manor House. 

Stamford itself is too 
Pig. l.~ Hoof of South Aiale, St. John's, well described in local 
Stamford.- (p. 36.) histories and guide-books 

to render anything but a cursory notice necessary. It is a quaint place, 
full of churches and almshouses^ and retaining a considerable number 
of old street fronts, but nothing of the first rank. The churches are 
tolerably interesting ; and, as a sign of the fluctuation of fashion or 
taste, it may be mentioned that the Late Tower of All Saints* found 
more favour with the club than the Early one of St. Mary's. Ten 
or fifteen years ago All Saints* would have been slighted, and St. 
Mary's alone would have received attention. Fig i shows an angel 




36 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

from the roof of St. John's Church. The two things that gave most 
satisfaction, however, were the carving on the Perpendicular tomb of 
Sir David Philips in St. Mary's, and the lovely stained glass in Brown's 
Hospital. All these are on the north, or Lincoltishire side of the 
Welland. On the south, or Northamptonshire, side, is St Martin's 
Church, where lies buried under a splendid tomb • (see lithographj 
the great Lord Treasurer Burghley, who died in 1598 j and close to 
the river are the Burghley Almshouses, a picturesque group. 

Brown's Hospitel, of which the glass was so much admired, is 
well worth a visit, not only on account of the pleasant old-fashioned 
atmosphere which pervades the place (largely owing to its judicious 

restoration by Mr. Fowler, 
of Louth), but also because 
of the curious arrangement 
of the chapel and its ad- 
juncts. The chapel forms 
one end of a long range of 
buildings next the street^ 
and it extends from ground 
to roof, embracing the two 
floors into which the rest 
of the building is divided. 
A screen separates the 
chapel from the adjacent 
rooms, and was so arranged 
that the patients as they lay 
in bed could hear and per- 
haps see the ceremony of 
Fi 2— f 37 \ ^^® mass, the most sacred 

rite of the Roman Catholic 
Church. The chapel is still in use for a purpose similar to that 
which it first served, but the long, admirably-proportioned rooms 
adjoining are now devoted chiefly to eating. 

Of course, the great sight to see at Stamford is Burghley House, 
and yet, with deference be it spoken, it fails to give entire satisfaction. 
It may safely be attributed to John Thorpe, — quite as much as the 
bulk of work assigned to him, — but it is not one of his happiest 
efforts. The grouping is faulty, and the detail not so piquant as 
usual. This unfavourable impression may partly arise from the 

• " The tomb is a fine specimen of late sizteenth-centiiry work. The 
recumbent figure of the Lord Treasurer is in alabaster, and represents him in 
rich armour, and bareheaded ; decorated with the insignia of the Garter, and 
holding the wand of oifioe."— 7!^ JBuilder, Oct. 18, 1884. 







Round Stamford. 



37 



immediate sarroundings. The approach and the enclosed lawns do 
oot tend to set tiie house off, and their effect is poor in comparison 
with the broad walks and terraces of Hatfield, fiut in spite of this> 
Burghley is, and always will be, a magnificent place, stored with 
treasures of every description, — pictures, tapestiy, needlework, 

furniture, bric-A-brac,^ 







Fig-. S.—Oeiling, Apethorpe.— (p. 40.) 



enough to last a score 
of connoisseurs for a 
lifetime. There is very 
little of the original 
work visible inside. 
Everything is of later 
date, and most of the 
doorways show the han- 
diwork of Grinling 
Gibbons. 

A pleasant walk a- 
cross the park, through 
some good iron gates 
{ fig. 2), leads finally to 
Wothorpe, where are the 
ruins of the Burghley Dower-house, built between 1600 and 1620 by 
Thomas Cecil, first Earl of Exeter, as he said, " to retire out of the 
dust while his great house at Burghley was a-sweeping.** Not a 
great deal is left now 
besides the four towers, 
but when complete, 
Wothorpe must have 
been quite as interesting 
as Burghley, so far 
as its architecture was 
coDcemed. Richardson 
devotes several plates 
of his *' Mansions *' to 
Wothorpe, and gives a 
plan and many inter- 
esting details. 

A charming drive 
through several typical 
Northamptonshire villa- 
ges leads to Deene, 
beyond which, at a distance of a mile or so, is Kirby Hall. It lies 
in a hollow not far from a small brook, which, formerly widened and 




Fig. 4.— Ceiling, Long Gallery, Apethorpe. 
-(p. 40.) 



38 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

straightened, flowed beneath a haudsomo bridge, of which only the 
arches remain. At a little distance in the fields are many fruit-trees, 
when we saw them, covered with blossom, — the remains of the 
orchard. The house itself at every visit shows another " monstrous 
cantle" gone. But the noble court-yard, so often illustrated, still 
remains in good preservation, as also do most of the eiiternal walls. 

John Thorpe laid the first 
stone of Kirby, in 1570. 
for Sir Humfrey Stafford, 
who, a few years later, sold 
it to Sir Christopher Hatton, 
one of Queen £lizabeth*s 
favourites, into whose good 
graces he danced his way. 
Of Kirby, Gray's well- 
known Hnes might have 
been written, with as much 
truth as of the house at 
Stoke-Pogis. The Hattons 
" modernised ** their house 
with the help of Inigo 
Jones, who rebuilt the prin- 
eipal external facade, and 
added several features to the 
courtyard in 1638-40. He 
also introduced several fine 
plaster ceilings, now rapidly 




Fig. 6. — Screen m Apethorpe Choroh. 
(p. 40.) 



going to decay ; and under his care the whole of the internal woodwork 
was executed, — at any rate, it is all of his date. A comparison of 
his work with Thorpe's shows how native originality was already 
evaporating and being replaced by the tame purism which did all 
it could to stifie English architecture until the nineteenth century 
began to sketch. 

Id the village of Deene itself is the hall, chiefly Late Tudor, but 
not open to public inspection ; and the inn, once the dower-house of 
the Cardigans, containing several good chimney-pieces and some 
plaster-work, all of early in last century. The church is worth a visit 
if only to see the seventeenth century reredos. 

King's Clifle, though marked in large letters on the Ordnance 
map, is but an unimportant and rather uninteresting village. How- 
ever, thanks to the Thorpe family, who have a curious epitaph in the 
church, the visitor can extract some little amusement from a tumble- 



Round Stamford. 



39 



down cottage, or almshouse^ whereon is this quaint and somewhat 
of which the sentiment is better than the 



pompous mscriptiou 

H^tin: — 

Aedifioavit 
Inbabitavit 
Omabit 
Durabit 



charitas 
paupertas 
honestas 
omnia astas 
Ex dono Johannis Thorp arm. Ano. 1668. 

King's ClifFe boasts a considerable antiquity^ though it has not 
preserved any relics of note. Near the church legend locates a royal 
bunting lodge, frequently used in the reign of King John, who was 
very fond of Rockingham Forest, and spent much of his time at 
the neighbouring Castle of Rockingham. Nothing is now left of 
this ancient lod^e, but traces of the care bestowed on the fish stream 
are still descemible. It is on record that King John lost 4s. ]od. on 
one occasion, and 4s. i id. on another, when gambling with the Earl 
of Salisbury at King's Cliffe. 

Near Cliffe is the village of Apethorpe, with the charming 
old mansion of the Mildmays, one of the best preserved and most 
interesting of Northamptonshire houses, vying in beauty with Dray- 
ton, Rushton^ or Rockinghan. It is built round two courts, of which 
one is some century older than the other, and 
dates from about the beginning of the sixteenth 
century, or a little earlier. The house was then 
already of considerable size, and possessed a fine 
hall with bay-window and dais, and a gateway 
and tower. In the reign of Edward VI, Sir 
"Walter Mildmay became possessed of Apethorpe, 
and entered into possession of the already built 
house. Early in the seventeenth century bis 
son. Sir Anthony, added what is now the principal 
quadrangle in front of the old house, some of 
the timber being supplied for the purpose by 
James I., who stayed at Apethorpe^ on his 
way to London from Scotland in 1603. The 
seventeenth-century work presents the greatest 
interest, as it has undergone very little 
alteration. The late Earl of Westmoreland 
(who inherited direct from the Mildmays) 
cased the west side of the front quad with a Classic facade of 
much correctness but no interest 5 and the present earl has 
converted what was an arcade on the south side into a commodious 
hall, — a decided improvement in the comfort of the house. But 






6*3 



©9 




Fig. 6.-(p. 40.) 



40 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

apart from these, no changes of any magnitude have taken place> and 
the Jacobean ceilings {Jigs. 3 and 4) and chimney-pieces retain all 
their original beauty, and are very excellent examples of their style. 
The earlier quad on the other hand has 
gradually been deprived of most of its 
distinctive details^ though it still possesses 
much that is picturesque in grouping. 

■:^i[^j ir^ii^i ^r The hall of the early building, with its 

J y /jlv n P^^"^^* passage, and bay, form a beautiful 

^^•^^ ^^^ ^^ group in connection with the Jacobean 
gables: The Hall, once the chief apart- 
ment of the family, is now devoted to the 
servants, and the dais has been removed 
for the better enjoyment of the dance. 
Partly in consequence of this shifting of 
the centres of life, and partly in conse- 
quence uf the reckless planning of Jacobean 
less adapted to modern habits than the 
Nevertheless, no destruction is contemplated, 




Fig. 7.— Iron Cresting to 
Gates, South Porch, 
Apethorpe Church. 



IS 



architects, the house 

inmates could desire. 

and it is satisfactory to think that Apethorpe will remain unchanged and 

undiminished in beauty, amid its lawns and its yews, to give as much 

pleasure to the next generation as it does to the present. (See HthoJ 

The church at Apethorpe is not of very great interest, but we give 
sketches of the screen, one of the vanes, and the cresting of an iron 
gate (Jigs, j, 6. and 7). The most noteworthy feature is a very 
fine monument to Sir Anthony Mildmay and his wife l^dy Grace, 
who, "having lived here worthely dyed comfortably'* in 1617 and 
1620 respectively. Their sole daughter and heiress, Mary, married 
Sir Francis Fane, who erected this monument in 1621. Sir Francis 
was subsequently advanced to the dignity of Baron Burghersh and 
£arl of Westmoreland, and in his family Apethorpe has remained 
ever since. The title Burghersh, borne by the eldest son, is said to 
be a corruption of Burwash, a village in Sussex, near the borders of 
Kent, from which county the Fanes came. 

With Apethorpe the visit to the neighbourhood of Stamford came 
to a conclusion, and the members of the club went their several ways 
all the better for their short contact with the fields, the woods, and 
the old buildings of Northamptonshire. j ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

The above originally appeared in The Builder of Oct. 17, 1885 ; 
to the publisher of which paper we are indebted for the gratuitous 
use of the blocks. 






>• 



\ 



i 



Lord Mayors of London, 41 

408. —Thomas Hatnes^ a Northamptonshire Author. — 
What is known of Thomas Haynes, of Oundle ? He was the 
author of An Improved System of Nursery Gardening, (royal 8vo, 
i8ii); Interesting Discoveries in Horticulture, (rojSLl 8vo, iSii) ; 
Treatise on Propagating hardy American Green-house Plants, 
Fruit-trees, ftTc, (royal Svo, 181 1) ; Treatise on the Improved Culture 
of the Strawberry, Raspberry, and Gooseberry, (8vo, 1812) j A Cata- 
logue of Forest-Trees, Evergreens and Deciduous Flowering-Trees, etc, 
(Staipford). I am not aware if he produced any other works. 

Cuthbert Beds. 

409. — Lord Mayors of London who were Natives op 
Northamptonshire (358). IL Sir Robert Chigheley. — 
Robert Chicheley was the second son of Thomas Chicheley or 
Chichele of Higham Ferrers, by Agnes, daughter of William Pinchon. 
Various hints have been thrown out that the Chicheley family was of 
very humble origin, and it is supposed by some that Thomas 
Chicheley was a tailor by profession. However this may be, we 
know that Robert Chicheley's mother came of good blood/ and that 
his elder brother, Henry, attained the high dignity of archbishop of 
Canterbury, and held that office with much honour for a period of 
twenty-nine years. Robert himself eventually became lord mayor of 
London^ and his younger brother William served as alderman and 
in 1409 as sheriff of that city. 

Were it not for the fact that the greatness of the clerical brother, 
Henry^ so eclipsed the fame of Robert and William, we perhaps 
might now have been able to glean more information respecting 
these two eminent citizens of London. Scarcely anything is known 
of their early Me, and it is not until we find them taking their 
places in the government of the city that we can pick up the threads 
of their history. 

Thomas Chicheley, the father^ died on the 25th February, 1400, 
as may be gathered from the inscription over his grave in the n. 
chancel aisle of Higham Ferrers church.^ It was in 1402 that 

• The Pinohon crest was Or, a bend, three plates, with a border counter- 
ohanged aznre and sable. Heath, 

b Upon a marble in the north ohancel, laid down, as supposed, at the charge 
of archbishop Chiekele, is the following inscription: — **Hio jacet Thomas 
Chichele qni obiit zxvo die mensis Febmarii Anno D^ If illmo oooco et Agnes 
nzor ejus quorum animabus propitietur Deus. Amen." These were the 
parents of archbishop Chiehele. Upon a stone in the same chancel are the 
effigies in brass, in a niche supported by pillars, of a man in the habit of a 
religious, and a woman in that of a rowess or nun, reputed to be William 
Chiehele and Beatrix his wife. Beneath their feet were insoriptionB on a brass 

6 



42 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Robert Chicheley became sheriff of LondoD^ and nine years after- 
wards (141 1) he was elected lord mayor, which office he filled 
again after ten years more had elapsed, viz., in 1421. On the latter 
occasion he received the honour of knighthood. 

It will be remembered that the celebrated sir Richard Whittington 
was a citizen of London at this time, and it is interesting to know- 
that Robert Chicheley and Whittington were intimate friends. 
Probably this was because of the similarity of their characters, for 
both were keen business men, both had attained vast wealth, and 
both were exceedingly charitable. 

The following extract from Bickerdyke's Curiosities of Ale and 
Beer* is interesting, as bringing the names of Chicheley and 
Whittington together : — 

"In the reign of Henry v. the famous Lord Mayor Richard 
Whittington, and the Brewers seem to have been perpetually at 
daggers drawn. The records of the Brewers' Company contain a 
quaint account of an information laid against them for selling dear 
ale ; the complainant in the case being Sir Richard, whose mayoralty 
had then expired. The substance of it, translated from the original 
Norman French, is as follows :— 

"' On Thursday, July 30th, 142a, Robert Chichele, the Mayor, 
sent for the masters and twelve of the most worthy of our company to 
appear at the Guildhall 5 to whom John Fray, the recorder, objected 
a breach of government, for which sS20 should be forfeited, for 
selling dear ale. After much dispute about the price and quality of 
malt, wherein Whityngton, the late mayor, declared that the brewers 
had ridden into the country and forestalled the malt, to raise its price, 
they were convicted in the penalty of ^^20 ; which objecting to, the 
masters were ordered to be kept in prison in the Chamberlain's 
company, until they should pay it, or find security for payment 
thereof.* Whereupon, the Mayor and Court of Aldermen, having 
' gone homeward to their meat,' the masters who remained in durance 

tablet which are now taken away. On different esoutoheons were the arma of 
Chichtley and another coat now lost. Bound the verge is the following legend :— 
*' Such as ye be such wer we, such as we bee such shall ye be. 
Lemeth to deye. that is the lawe. That this lif now to wol drawe. 
Sorwe or gladnesse nought letten age. But on he cometh to lord and pagpe. 
Wherfor for us that ben goo. Preyth as other shal for you doo. 
That god in his benignyte. On us have merer and pite. 
And nought remember our wykkednesse. Sith he ua bought of his good- 
ness. Amen.*' Bridgea, voL n. p. 176. 
« Th$ CuriositiM of Ale and Beer, By John Bickerdyke. London, [1886], 
8vo, pp. 136-6. 



Lord Mayors of London, 43 

vile, ' asked the Chamberlain an(l clerk what they should do j, who 
bade them go home, and promised that qo harm should come to 
them ; for all this proceeding had been done but to please Richard 
Whityngton^ for he was the cause of all the aforesaid judgment.' 
The record proceeds to state that 'the offcrnce taken by Richard 
Whilyngton against them was for their having fat swans at their 
feast on the morrow of St. Martin.' 

"The same Robert Chichele is recorded to have issued the 
following curious regulation in 1423 :— *That retailers of ale should 
sell the sa lue in their houses in pots of peutre, sealed and open ; and 
that whoever carried ale to the buyer should hold the pot in one 
hand and a cup in the other ; and that all who had cups unsealed 
should be fined.' " 

Sir Robert Chicheley's country residence was at Romford, in 
Essex, where he had a large estate. Tnis populous town was then a 
much smaller place. It, however, contained a chapel of ease, and in 
1 410 we find that sir Robert contributed largely towards its re- 
building. Owing to the growth of the town the old chapel has 
long ago disappeared ; its place now being occupied by a large and 
handsome church, erected in 1850. 

Another of sir Robert's munificent gifts was bestowed in 1428, 
in which year he presented to the parish of S. Stephen, Walbrook, 
London, that valuable piece of land behind the Mansion House, 
ao8J feet long by 66 feet wide, on part of which the present church 
of S. Stephen stands. Not only, however, did ''he give the ground,** 
but he also presented ^100 towards the building expenses, paid for 
all the timber used in the construction of the procession's- way and 
two side-aisles, as well as the lead wherewith to cover the former. 
Sir Robert, himself, of course laid the first stone,* and, remarkable 
to relate, after the original edifice had perished in the great fire of 
1666, a lineal descendant, sir Thomas Chicheley, laid the first stone 
of the present structure and contributed largely towards the rebuilding. 

By his last will and testament, dated 1 7th December, 1438, sir 
Robert Chicheley left certam of his propeity in London to the college 
which his brother, the archbishop, had founded at Higham Ferrers, 
that the warden should say masses for the repose of the souls of 
those members of his family who were already dead — his father and 

<) Stow says the ground was bought by Chioheley from the Grocers for 200 
marks, and that it formerly let at 26 marks the year. 

«"Tbis church was finished in the year 1439; the breadth thereof is 67 
feet, and length 1 26 feet, the churchyard 90 feet in length and 37 in breadth 
and more.** Stow. 



44 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

mother, his brother William and his wife Beatrice, and his own 
wives, of whom he had buried two. Fuller, Weever, and Stow 
all agree in stating that one of his bequests provided " that on his 
minde day a competent dinner should be ordained for 2400 poor 
men, householders of this city, and every man to have twopence in 
money."' We have it recorded, however, on the authority of 
Stemmata Chicheleana, that " the copy of his will now in the library 
of All Souls College takes no notice of this legacy." « He was a 
great benefactor to the parish of St. James, Garlick Hithe, to the 
hospital of Higham Ferrers, to the chapel of Hornchurch, Romford, 
and to the poor of his blood in the parishes of Higham Ferrers and 
Suldrop. 

Sir Robert died childless, and, according to Stow, and in accor- 
dance with the directions of his will, he was buried in the church of 
S. James, Garlick Hithe ; but Weever,** evidently by mistake, gives 
the place of sepulture as the church of S. Mary, . Botha w.* Be this 
as it may, it is to " Old Mortality " Weever that we are indebted for 
a portion of sir Robert's epitaph, which he gives as follows : — 

'*.... Chich .... vocitatus 
. . . . Robertus omni bonitate refertus. 
Pauperibus largus pi us extitit ad mala tardus, 

Moribus ornatus iacet istic intumulatus. 
Corpore procerus bis Maior & arte Grocerus 
• Anno milleno C. quater X quater Anno.*' 
from which we gather that Robert Chicheley was a man endowed 
with every form of goodness — pious, generous to the poor, slow to 
evil, and of polished manners -, that he was tall, was twice mayor, 
and a member of the Grocers* Company, and that the date of his 
burial was a.d. 1440. 

The late viscount Strangford was a descendant of the Chicheley 
family. He, however, died childless in 1869, and the title is now 
extinct. John T. Page. 

410. — Brackley School. — Bishop Thomas Godwin (died 
1590) is stated to have been in IJ49 master of Brackley school, 
Northants. Another authority says the school was at Berkeley, 
Gloucestershire. Can any correspondent tell me which of the two is 
correct? » E. T. B. 

f 8Uno. 

g Stemmata Chieheleana^ 1765, p. ix. 

b Funeral Monumentt, p. 409. 

i Both these ohurohes were destroyed in the Great Fire, 1666. 



English Country Life. 45 

^ll, — Northamptonshire Marriages and Deaths, 1787. 

1 copy the following marriages and deaths from the Toum and 

Ooufi try Magazine of 1787, thinking they might be interesting to 
some of the readers of " N. N. & Q." : — 

MARRIAGES. 
July. John Clarke, esq. of Northampton, to Miss Elizabeth Old- 
church, of Market Harborough, Leicestershire. 

Sept. Harrison, esq. of Wolverton, Bucks, to Miss Pearce, of 

Chapel Brampton, Northampton sh. 
Oct. 29. Sir Jos. Senhouse, of Carlisle, to Miss Asley, of St. Legers 

Ashby, Northamptonshire. 
Dec. 6. The rev. James Smyth, of Raunds, Northamptonsh. to 

Mrs. Crofts, of Lewes. 
Dec. Ring, esq. of Reading, to Miss Thompson of Peter- 
borough. 

DEATHS. 
June 16. The rev. Mr. Charles Knightly, of Preston, Northamp- 
tonshire. 
July. James Gervais, esq. of Northampton. 
Aug. 9. Robert Clavering, esq. of Northampton. 
Aug. 29. Benj. Kidney, esq. of Knuston-hall, Northamptonshire. 
Sep. I. The rev. Mr. Geary, rector of Great Billing, Northamptonsh. 
Sep. George Gierke, esq. of Watford, Northamptonsh. 
Neale Hayton, esq. of Tiffield, Northamptonshire. 
Ph. Clements, esq. of Peterborough. 
Dec. 13. Philip Winter, esq. of Daventry. 

Dec. 17. John Heap, A. M., rector of Cottingham, Northampton- 
shire. 
Stramongate, Kendal. A. PalMBR. 

412, — English Country Life in the Eighteenth Century. 
— Under the above title The Fireside Magazine for January contains 
the first of a series of articles from the pen of Mr. G. Holden Pike, 
the following extracts from which will doubiless be read with 
pleasure, both from the interest attaching to the persons mentioned 
and from the insight afforded into the daily life of our forefathers in 
remote country places : — 

Many glimpses of town and village life when the century had 
grown older, occur in connection with the interesting coterie of friends 
who at one period lived at Weston, Newport Pagnell, and North- 
ampton, including the poet Cowper, John Rylaad, Thomas Scott, 
the commentator, John Newton, the future Rector of St. Mary Wool- 



46 Northamptonshire Kates and Queries, 

noth, and William Buli« the Nonconformist minister. In those days 
men who preached evangelical doctrines were bound together by 
common ties irrespective of denominational peculiarities ; and thus it 
was a pleasant custom for Bull the Nonconformist, and Newton the 
Churchman, to dine and take counsel together. In the enter- 
taiuing life of his grandfather, published about a quarter of a century 
ago, the Rev. Josiab Bull pictures one of the scenes which took place 
in the old study at Newport Pagnell : — 

"A room some eighteen feet square, with an arched roof, 
entirely surrounded with many a precious volume, with large, old 
casement windows, and immense square chairs of fine Spanish 
mahogany. There good men were quietly enjoying their Ute-a-tett^ 
when they >^ere startled by a thundering knock at the door, and in 
came ^Ir. R viand, of Northampton, abruptly exclaiming — * If you 
wish to see Mr. Toplady, you must go immediately with me to the 
Swan. He is on his way to London, and will not live long/ 

" They all proceetied to the inn, and there found the good man 
emaciated with disease, and evidently fast hastening to the grave. 
As they were talking together, they were attracted by a great noise in 
the street, occasioned, as they found on looking out, by a bull-baiting 
whirh was going on before the house " 

The bull-baiting represents a phase of old English life which 
found apologists both in and out of Parliament, until it was finally 
made illegal in 1835. 

Ihe most celebrated of the characters we have mentioned was, 
of course, the poet Cowper himself, whose Letters are not only 
delightful reading as examples of our native English at its best, but 
because they contain many passages which enable us to realize how 
the better sort of people passed their time in that older world of 
a century or more ago, in which we cannot cease to be interested. 

When Cowper settled at Huntingdon with his servant, in 1765, we 
find him complaining of the difficulty of keeping house for two people. 
'' A man cannot always live upon sheeps* heads, and liver and lights, 
like the lions in the Tower," he remarks \ ** and a joint of meat, in so 
small a family, is an endless encumbrance* My butcher's bill for last 
week amounted to four shillings and ten pence.*' The sum is men- 
tioned as being phenomenal on account of its excessive amount. How 
different was the case in the last decade of the century, we can infer 
from the references to the alarming state of the country through 
shortness of provisions, which occur in the letters of Mr. Bull. The 
price of provisions, as well as the taxes, had risen enormously -, and 



The Grandson of a Sieve-Maker, 47 

such -was the partial famine that existed, that even in the best fami- 
lies the supply of bread appears to have been limited. 

One of the most complete little pictures of the daily life of a 
family which eschewed the amusements of the world, is given by 
Coiwrper himself in a letter to his cousin in 1766 : — 

'• We breakfast commonly between eight and nine \ till eleven we 
either read the Scriptures, or the sermons of some faithful preacher of 
those holy mysteries 5 at eleven we attend Divine service, which is 
performed here twice every day ; and from twelve to three we separate 
and amuse ourselves ds we please. During that interval I either read 
in my own apartment, or walk, or ride, or work in our garden. We 
seldom sit an hour after dinner, but if the weather permits^ adjourn 
to the garden, where with Mrs. Unwin, and her son I have generally 
the pleasure of religious conversation till tea-time. If it rains, or is 
too windy for walking, we either converse within doors or sing some 
hymns of Martin's collection, and by the help of Mrs. Unwin's harp- 
sichord, make up a tolerable concert, in which our hearts, I hope, are 
the best and most musical performers. fdXAx tea we sally forth to 
walk in good earnest. Mrs. Unwin is a good walker, and we have 
generally travelled about four miles before we see home again. 
When the days are short, we make this excursion in the former part 
of the day, between church time and dinner. At night we read and 
converse as before, till supper, and commonly finish the evening 
either with hymns or a sermon, and last of all the family are called to 
prayers." 

413. — Thb Grandson op a Sibvb-Maker (87). — I have a 
copy of Dr. Powell's History of Camlria, with marginal MS. notes, 
belonging to the ancestors of an old Welch family. Probably the 
following extracts relating to the ancestry of the subject of the 
article may be interesting — '* Will Ruf. GrifFyth-ap-Conan, p. 147, 
par. 15, occurs the following : — 

" Richard Sitsylk or Cecill married Margaret the daughter of 
Philip Vaughan and had by her Philip Cecill, Margaret Cecill, John 
Cecill, David Cecill and James or Jenkin Cecill.'* 

" * These petegrees and descents I gathered faithfully out of 
sundrie ancient records and evidences, Wherof the most part are 
confirmed with scales authenticke thereunto appendant manifestlie 
declaring the antiquite and truth thereof: which remain at this 
present in the custodie of the right honorable Sir William Cecill 
Knight of the Noble order of the Garter, Lord Burghley and Lord 
high Treasurer of England, who is lineallie descended from the last 



48 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

recited Richard Sitsylt father to David Cecill Grandfather to the said 
Sir William Gecill now Lord Burghley; and at this daie William 
Sitsylt or (^cill Esquire cozen germane to the said Lord Burghley 
removed by one degree only is possessed of the foresaid house of 
* H&Iter ennes in Ewyas land as the heir male of the house of Sitsylt, 
and is descended of Philip Cecill elder brother to the said David." 

Footnote MS. — " David kept a shop on London Bridg growing 
rich bought a Sergeant at "... . 

Here the MS. is cut through by the binder ; one line cannot be 
deciphered. 

Bcdeeton, Chester. J. England Ewen. 

414. — Relics of Nasebt Fight. — ^The collection of armour 
and other antiquarian objects found on Naseby battle-field, belonging 
to captain Ash by Ashby, of Naseby WooUeys, were sold by auction 
by Messrs. Holloway, Son, and Price, in February last. Appended 
is a list of the most interesting articles 5 including some portraits 
of the Ashby family. 

Helmet and 2 horse shoes (£1 28.) 

Old spur, 2 horse shoes, part of antique sword pomel (8s.) 

Three horse shoes and cannon ball (14s.) 

Three horse shoes, bones, and spear head (lis.) 

Gurioas oval marble vase, an antique bronze mortar, and quantity of 

buUets (£1 4s.) 
Rapier, from Naseby Field (£2 15s.) 
Fart of a stirrup, horse shoe, bones, &c. (10s.) 
Bowl* of antique British enamelled pottery, said to have been hidden in well 

from soldiers at battle of Naseby, and glass bottle (£2 58.) 
Powder horn, Indian dagger, and three antique slippers (68.) 
Bapier, antique sword and scabbard (£3.) 
Engraving " Retreat of a baggage wagon " at the Battle of Naseby, framed 

and glazed (£2 158.) 
Antique iron helmet, cro8s bow and flint axe (£3 128 6d.) 
Two swords and flint-lock pistol (£2 lOs.) 
Blunderbuss, axe and dub (£1 5s.) 
Strong oak table, at which Oliybb C&oitwbll is said to have dined the day before 

the Battle of Naseby (£6.) Bought by Mr. 0. H. Davids, Banbury. 
Large oil painting **The Lord Keeper Wrighte'' (£1 58.) 
Ditto ** George Ashby," by Mrs. Verelst (£2.) 
Large oil painting "Ashby, of Lowesby," by Coke Smythe (£5.) 
Pair Ditto ** Prince Henry, son of James I," and " Charles I, when duke of 

York," by Cornelius Janson (£14.) 
Cabinet ditto *< Countess of Stamford," by Coke Smythe (£1 28. 6d.) 
Large ditto '* Quenby HaU (£5.) 
Ditto <* George Ashby of Quenby" (£6 158.) 
Ditto ** George Ashby, The Phinter " (£1 lOs.) 

J. T. 
* Marginal note in MS., '* Alterynnis." 






! 



I 



History of Brackley Hospital. 49 

415. — Sir William Fbrmor. — I shall be veiy glad of any 
iDformatioD concerniog the above. He lived in the time of the civil 
wars and had command of a troop of horse 5 he was, besides, a 
PriTy Councillor and M.P. for Brackley (1661), dying in that year of 
small-pox. E^ X. B. 

The Deanery, Wietmiiuter. 

416. — History of the Hospital of S. John and S. Jambs 
AT Bracklet. — When, in the summer of this year, it was my very 
pleasant duty to visit Magdalen College School at Brackley, I found 
that there was an interesting local myth existing concerning the his- 
tory of the property which Magdalen College holds in Brackley, and 
thus, indirectly, concerning the origin and history of the College 
School. 

Now, myths are nice : but history is history, and myth is not, and 
it is sometimes well to distinguish between the two. The myth, or 
legend, which I found existing is briefly this. There was, in ancient 
days, a great monastery at Brackley; it was one of the greatest 
religious houses in England. At the dissolution of the monasteries 
in the reign of Henry VIH. this particular house was granted to Sir 
Thomas Pope, who gave one half of its possessions to Magdalen 
College, and the other half to Trinity College in Oxford. 

This is a circumstantial story : but it is not at all true, in any 
particular. There never was, so far as I can find out, any monastery 
at Brackley at all, great or small. That being so, no monastery at 
Brackley was dissolved in the reign of Henry VIII. or granted to Sir 
Thomas Pope. The only relations that I have been able to establish 
between Sir Thomas Pope ( who was certainly the founder of Trinity 
College, and also dealt a good deal in the plunder of the monasteries) 
and Magdalen College, is this : that Sir Thomas Pope did become 
possessed of the Rectory of Evenley (a place not unknown to those 
who live in Brackley), and that he sold this Rectory (which had 
formerly belonged to the Augustinian Canons of Huntingdon), to 
some one else, through whom, by intermediate stages, it passed into 
the possession of Magdalen College. With the Hospital at Brackley, 
neither King Henry VIII. nor Sir Thomas Pope had anything to do. 

Now for the history. The Hospital of S. John and S. James, 
from which the College derives a great part of its property in Brackley 
and the neighbourhood (though not all), was founded about the 
year 1160. The foundation charter is not dated, but the character of 
the writing, and the known dates concerning the founder enable the 
date to be fixed approximately. The founder was Robert, £arl of 

7 



50 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Leicester, called Robert " le Bossu/* the second of four Earls of 
Leicester of the same name. He was also the founder of the great 
house of Augustinian Canons at Leicester, the Abbey of S. Mary de 
Pr6, to which he gave the Rectory of Brackley. A few years later 
he founded the Hospital, by a charter granting an acre of land to 
" Solomon the Clerk *' that he might build there a Hospital and a 
*' Free Chapel '* (that is a Chapel independent of the Parish Church), 
to be dedicated to S. John the Apostle. * This " Free Chapel *' was 
apparently intended not only to be the Chapel of the Hospital, but 
to serve as the Private Chapel of the Earls of Leicester when they 
were resident at tlieir Manor of Brackley. Its "freedom'* was 
confirmed by the Abbot and Monastery of Leicester, by the Bishop 
of Lincoln (for it was then in the Diocese of Lincoln), and by the 
Pope. There were a Master and Brethren of the Hospital, not all in 
Holy Orders, for only the Master (or Prior as he is sometimes 
called), was bound to be so, but probably for the most part at least in 
Minor Orders. They followed, perhaps, the same rule as the Austin 
Canons ; but there is no evidence to show that they were other than 
what were called "Secular Clerks** — that is, a body of Clergy, 
living together, but not bound by any special rule of life : — in fact 
they probably resembled very closely the body of Fellows of a 
College. 

The Earls of Leicester were " Patrons ** of the Hospital ; they 
presented the Master, or Prior, and perhaps nominated the Brethren 
too : they gave from time to time grants of land, or rights of various 
kinds to the Master and Brethren, who also acquired wealth from 
other sources. In 1190 Robert " Blanchmains " the son of the 
founder, died, leaving a son Robert, and two daughters, Amicia, who 
married Simon de Montfort, the father of the person best known by 
that name, and Margaret. The son died without children, and the two 
sisters Amicia and Margaret were co-heiresses. In the division of 
the property Margaret became possessed of the Manor of Brackley, 
and so became Patroness of the Hospital, while her sister took the 
Leicester property, and Simon de Montfort became Earl of Leicester. 

Margaret de Beaumont, the new owner of the Brackley Manor, 
was the wife of Saher de Quincy, Earl of Winchester ; and for some 
time Constable of Scotland. The De Quincys were good friends 
both to the Hospital and to the town of Brackley. Roger De Quincy, 
Earl of Winchester, the son of Saher and Margaret, granted a 

• The Hospital wa» afterwards called the Hospital of S. John and S. Jcmu : 
I cannot fix the date of the change of title, but the names are coupled together 
before the end of the 13th centurj. 



History of Brackley Hospital, 5 1 

Charter to the Burgesses of the town, and made more than one grant 
to the Hospiul, which through the De Quincys was at one time 
possessed of considerable property in Scotland. Margaret, the 
CoQDtess of Winchester directed, apparently, that her heart should be 
buried in the Hospital Chapel, where also were laid her son Roger 
and two of his three wives, — Helen, the daughter of Alan of Gallo- 
way, and Maud, the daughter of the Earl of Hereford. 

Roger de Quincy left no son, and the patronage fell to his daugh« 
ter Elena, by whom it passed to the family of the Zouches. That 
family also held the manor and the patronage only for a short time, 
for Alan la Zoucbe died without a son, and the property passed, by 
marriage with his daughter, to the family of Holland. 

Towards the end of the fourteenth century, the Hospital appears 
to have been in difficulties of various kinds. Its funds were 
diminished by imprudent management, and the master and few 
remaining brethren seem to have been engaged in disputes with their 
neighbours and possibly with the patrons also. In 1279 there had 
been, besides the master, as many as nine brethren who were priests : 
in 1381 the total number was reduced to four. This appears from a 
draft deed which was never executed, but which shows that the 
patrons had a plan for " buying out '* the master and the brethren 
and acquiring the Hospital property for themselves. It may have 
been to assist in the furtherance of such a scheme that they neglected 
to present to the mastership or made an irregular presentation j for in 
1387 the Archbishop of Canterbury presented as patron for that 
turn ', the ground on which he claimed to do so I have not precisely 
ascertained, but the real patrons must have allowed their right to 
lapse in some way or other to him. On the whole the Hospital 
cannot be said to have prospered under the Hollands. One of this 
line of patrons, with his wife, was buried in the Hospital Chapel, 
where also were laid some of the family of the Zouches. 

The Manor of Brackley and the patronage of the Hospital came 
once more into the hands of an iieiress, and passed, by her marriage 
to a new family. Maud de Holland, who succeeded her grandfather, 
married John, Lord Lovel : but she survived both her husband and 
her son, and the first Lord Lovel who possessed the Manor in his 
own right was her grandson "William. In 1423, on the death of 
John Brokehampton, long master, the Hospital was left without 
inhabitants. Lady Lovel seems to have intended to turn it into a 
house of Dominican Friars (Preaching Friars, or "Black'* Friars), 
and she obtained the necessary license for this purpose : but her plan 
was never carried out. Two years later Archbishop Chichele made 



52 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

regulations for the maintenance of the Hospital, to which Masters 
were appointed in due course. But its position for the next jo years 
seems to have been unsatisfactory. The Masters appear to have 
practically been private Chaplains of the Lovels, maintained by the 
endowment of the Hospital. At last in 1484 Francis Lord Lovel, 
(the " Lovel the Dog " who was the friend and supporter of Richard 
IIL and who perished at or soon after the Battle of Stoke in 1487) 
sold the Hospital and its possessions to William of Waynflete, the 
founder of Magdalen College, and the foundation was incorporated in 
that College, which in this way obtained most of its possessions in 
Brackley, as the successor and representative of the Hospital. The 
College maintained a chantry priest for the service of the Hospital 
Chapel : he lived in a chamber assigned to him on the south side of 
the Chapel. The other buildings of the Hospital were apparently 
for some time retained by the College as a temporary habitation for 
their members, when compelled to leave Oxford by pestilence or 
scarcity : there was a meeting held in the great hall of the Hospital 
in 15 7 1 when Demies (or Scholars) of the College were admitted 
upon their election. But ultimately the Hospital buildings seem to 
have been let on long leases, and not being kept up by the tenants, 
they have now altogether disappeared. The last chantry priest was 
John Barnard, who died in the reign of Edward VL : on his death 
the College established a School, paying the Master an annual 
stipend. The School was carried on until about 1787 in the building 
which had been occupied by the chantry priest. It was then removed 
to a newer building, to the south : — I presume the older part of the 
present school building. One at least of the masters of the School 
in old days was a man of some note — ^Thomas Godwin, Fellow of 
Magdalen College, and afterwards Bishop of Bath and Wells. The 
later history of the School, no doubt, is sufficiently well known : 
there may perhaps be some myths about the later period as well as 
about the earlier, but they have not come in my way. 

It may be worth while to add a word concerning the Manor of 
Brackley and the Rectory. The Manor was confiscated by 
Henry VII. with all the otiier possessions of Lord Lovel, after the 
Battle of Stoke, and it was granted by the King to Lord Strange, the 
son of the Earl of Derby. From him it came by descent to the 
Bridgewater family, for whose representative it is now held in trust. 
The Rectory had been given, as we have seen, to Leicester Abbey. 
After the dissolution, the right of presentation seems . to have been 
retained by the Crown, and to have afterwards passed, by various 
stages, to the family who had become Lords of the Manor. But Sir 



f 



The Sheppard Family. 53 

Thomas Pope had nothing, that I can find, to do with the Rectory of 
Brackiey, or with Leicester Abbey, any more than he had with the 
Hospital of S. John and S. James. HAW 

The above account of the history of the hospital of S. John 
and S. James at Brackley, and the pedigree of its patrons, 
were drawn up by the Rev. H. A. Wilson, of Magdalen college, 
Oxford, for The Brackleian, the magazine of the Magdalen college 
school at Brackley. We reprint them from this publication with the 
author*s permission. 

417. — Northamptonshire M.P.'s (402). — Peter Whalley. 
I have noted the following respecting the above : — 

In 1636 Peter Whalley was one of the Bailiffs of Northampton. 

In 1646 „ „ „ Mayor. 

In 1655 „ „ „ Mayor a second time. 

There is a reference in Mr. Elliott's paper on Parish Registers 
(pp. 17 and 18) as to marriages before the mayor — Peter Whalley 5 
and in Bridges' Northamptonshire^ p. 444. the sale is recorded of S. 
Giles' vicarage by sir John Lamb to Peter Whalley, esq., and on 
p. 447, that ot S. Sepulchre's to the same. W. M. 

418. — Thb Sheppard Family of Northamptonshire (59, 
168, 221, 364, 379, 401). — As an addition to the history of the 
Sheppards of Northamptonshire, it is proposed to print as far as 
possible in chronological order the wills made by members of the 
various branches of the family in the period 1509- 1640. The four 
wills given below are the earliest of those proved at Northampton ; the 
references are to the books containing the registered copies of wills. 

Pemb. Coll., Camb. William Cowper. 

The Will of John Sheperde of Grimscote, 1525. 
" [In the name] of Grod Ame the vij*** day of September y* yere 
of o' [lord God] m" ccccc" xxv*© I John Sheperde of gremescott off 
y* [parish of] colde high*m WhoU in mynde make my test*nt in 
[manner & form f]olloyng Firste I bequeth my soil to almyghti 
god to o' [lady sent] mary & all the holi cupeny of heven and my 
bodi [to be] burid in the church yarde of colde hygh*m Also I 
bequ*th [the b]est beaste to be my mortuary after man' & custome 
It I [bequ]eth to y* mother church of Lincoln iiij^ It I bequeth to 
the [....] highe altare of the church of colde high'm yj* 
It to y* [ . . • . ] of colde higbm* iij strikes of barley to C lads 
lighte [in the] same ij [strikes] of berly It to sepulchre lighte in y* 
same [....] It to thoas my Sone one shepe & A calfie 



54 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

[It I bequeth to] Em me my dowghter j Sbepe & A calfe It to 
[ . . . . ] an ox calffe of this yere It to ra'garett [ • . j 
beajst to John Heywarde j shepe The Rest [of my goods unb] 
equetbed I give to Johii^ my wife who I [make my executri]ce It 
I Will y^ Willm my son shall haue [....] wiffe (?) in the 
Felde & towne when this my [ .... ] ned It 1 will y^ John* 
my wifiFe shall be [owner of ] my house in gremyscott duryng her 
liffe iff [she do kepe] her soell & iff she be maryed I will she shall 
[hau]e iij' yerly of the seid howse duryng the terme of her lifFe. 
Witteues hereof s* willm' [....]& Roberte Shryvyu with 
other [moo]." Reference Mark, C. fol. 72. 

Will of Richard Shepard of Winwick, 1532. 
" In dei noie Amen Vicesimo die mensis Ap'lis Anno dni millimo 
qui'gen"** xxxij° I Rich*d Shepd of hole mynde make my testament 
and last will on this mann* hereaft' followyng First I bequeth my 
soule to Allmihtie God to o*^ ladye seynct mary and to all the holie 
compeny and my body to be buried In the church yard of wynik Itra 
I bequeth to the mother church of lincoln iiij"* Itm I bequeth to my 
mortuary as the custom reqwyrith Itm I bequith to the pisch church 
of wynwik ij hyves of bees Itm to the torchers oone ewe and oon 
lambe Itm to the pische churche of Westhaddon xij* Itm to the 
howse of Austen Freers in North'mpton For a tryntall of masses a 
h^kfar of the value of x" or else x» In money Itm I bequethe to the 
hie alter In wynwik vj** Jtm to Elizabeth Fowlwell my dowghter 
oone hyve of bees The residue of my goods vnbequethed I guyf 
and bequeth vnto Thoms Shepd my son whom I make my Executour 
for to dispose for the welth of my soule Allso I will that Willm 
Hawkyns and John robiso be supvi sours of this my last will to se 
thesse things aboue said be pformyd and don these beyng witnesse 
Thorn's pell Richard lolle and Robert Dawes w^ other." Reference 
Mark, E. 48. 

Will of John Shepperd of Claycoton, 1539. 
*' In die {sic) noie ainen anno dm m** ccccc° xxxix* Jhon Shepperd 
hole off mynde make my testament & last Will in this man' first I 
bequeth my soule to God almyghty to o'lady senct mary and all [the] 
holly company off heven & my body to be buryed in the churche 
ya[rd] off clacoton It to the hey ault' Forty thes For gotten xij* 
It to Ry[c] shepperd my sone one brasse poott off iiij galons one 
brasse panue [off] x galons It to thoms shepperd my sone xiij* iiij*^ 
It to george m [y] sone xiij" iiij** It to Roger my sone xiij* iiij** It to 
Kateryn my dow'tber xiij' iiij*^ It to Johane my dow'ther xiij* iiij* 



Knotsford Monument, 55 

\\ to any[s] my dow'ther xiij* iiij* It I Will y* alis my Wyffe shall 
haue all the bequeth off my children as a fore sayd vntyll the tyme 
[that] tbei sbalbe xiijt* yeres off age in her costody to vse & occupy 
to [her] owne p'fett also I wyll y* then the seid alis my Wyffe at 
the [tyme] a fore namyd shall deliv' eu'y childe their pte also yff 
the [seid] alis ray wyffe d© mary w*in theise yeres aforeseid y* then 
»rhe] deliv* eu y childe their pte wHn the space off one yere nex[t] 
folloing & a pon this my last Will all other off my [goods] 

noot bequeth my detts payd my Will fulfiUid I do giff v[nto Alis] 
sheppard my wyffe W*» I do make my sole executrix y* she [may] 
so disposse my goods as it may be most plesure to god & [to y* good] 
off my soule also I do make ov'sears uppon this my last Will 
thorns pell Roger glosier henry smythe wt theise being [witnesse] 
s' John CotoD curat Ric brande Edwarde Vernon John pa[ ] '* 

Reference mark, F. 1 1 8. 

This will has a title, the meaning of which I do not understand, 
▼12. : — ** Jotine Sbepperd off clacotton Frat obligatia (?) gregorio 
neband de Cawlcott et £dmudo Standley." 

Will of Thomas Sheppard of Abthorpe, 1539. 
^ In die (Wc) noie amen anno dm m^ ccccc' xxxix** I thoms 
sheppard off [A]bthorppe ordyu & make my last Will as FoUoight 
first [I] bequeth my soule to almyghty god & my body to be buryed 
[in] the churche porche of towcester It to the mother churche off 
lincoln ij** It For tythes oblit vj*^ It to the bells off [tow]cest' iiij 
striks off malt It to the chappell off abthorpe [ ] stricks off malt 
It to Wittm my sone my londe It to thoms [my] sone one heckford 
and ij sheppe It to augnes my dowther [one h]eckfford & ij sheppe 
It to luce my dowther a heckfford ij sheppe [It] to Ric my sone 
j bullocke ij sheppe It S' John my gostly father [ ] It the resi- 
dew of my goods nott bequeth my detts & [leg]acies payd I %;j^^ to 
annes my Wyffe Whom I make my sole [execu]trix off this my last 
Will & Willm my sone spvisor [off m]y Wyll theis being Witnes 
S' John pratt John [Hawjkyns (?) thoms patsett cu' alijs." 
Reference mark, F. 146. 

419, — Knotsford Monument at Malvern (354, 374). — 
Can any reader of " N. N. &. Q. " give further particulars relating 
to the John Knotsford commemorated by the above monument ? I 
am anxious to discover his birth and parentage, and shall be glad of 
any help towards this end. There can, I think, be little doubt that 
his male ancestry were the early Knuttesfords of Knuttesford in 
Cheshire, but the Cheshire stock, I believe, early became extinct ; 



56 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

unless, indeed, tbey continued to be represented in that county by 
some obscure branch. I presume the subject of this inquiry held 
property in. Malvern parish — possibly through the Knightleys. 

Rhyl, N. Wales. T. HbLSBY. 

420. — Northamptonshire Nonjurors. — The subjoined 
particulars, relating to an interesting but somewhat neglected period 
in our national history, with which we hope to deal more fully in a 
subsequent issue, are taken from a volume entitled : — 

'* The Kames of the Roman Oatholios, Nonjarors, and others, who 
refos'd to take the Oaths to his late Majesty King (George. 
Together with their Titles, Additions, and Places of Abode ; the 
Parishes and Townships where their Lands lay ; the Names of 
I the then Tenants, or Ootupiers thereof ; and the Annual Valnation 

of them, as estimated by themselves. 

Transmitted to the late Commissioners for the Forfeited 
Estates of England and Wales, after the Unnatural Bebellion in 
the North, in the year 1715. As appears by the Betnms of the 
Clerks of the Peace for the several Coontlee, pnrsoant to an Act 
of Parliament made for Registering their Estates, in the First 
Year of the Reign of his said late Majesty. 

Taken from an Original Mannsoript of a Gentleman, who was 
the Principal Clerk to the Accomptant G-eneral's Office, belonging 
to the said Commissioners. And now Published with a G^erons 
View to promote and serve the true Protestant Interest of these 
Kingdoms. 
LovDOH : Pziaied for J. Sobinaon, in Lndgita-itrMt, 1746." 

Northampton. £ s. d. 

William Herbert, Esq j called Duke of Powis . . 3907 o 3 
Dorothy, Countess of Dunbar, alias Countess of 

Westmoreland laoo o o 

William Gibson, Esq ; 403 10 4^ 

Charles Fortescue, Esq ) 146 o o 

William Fisher " . 300 

Thomas Chamberlin 10 18 o 

George Brownlowe Doughty, Esq j . . • * 366 9 8 

William Holman, Esq j »oa6 8 3 

Sir Francis Andrew, Bart 345 3 6 

William Plowden, Esq ; 672 15 6 

James Fermor, Esq ; 208 la o 

Henry Fermor, Esq ; — Annuity .... aoo o o 

Helena Fermor, Widow : — Annuity .... 600 o o 

Elizabeth Lane 79 15 4 

Robert Rooke 400 

Mary Saunders, Widow . . . . . . 296 o o 



Modern Superstitions, 57 

£ s. d. 

Ajroe Gentill ax o o 

John Bray 17 o o 

Elizabeth Conquest, n 

Margaret Brent, / of Larkestoke, in 

Mary Brent, and C Com' Gloucester . . 4 13 4 

Frances Brent, ) 

George ComyDS 182 a a 

Sir John Webb, Bart 534 la 8 

Julia Pulton 135 o o 

Dame Anne Lytcott, Widow 4 13 o 

Dame Katherine Howard : — Annuity . . 100 o o 

£dward Bernard Gage 38 o o 

10606 II 4I 
Copied from book in possession of Rev. D. W. Barrett, vicar of 
NassiDgton.by S. J. W. Sanders. 

421. — The Vincents of Barnack, Northamptonshire, 
1606. — On the south wall of the chancel of Lentou church. South 
Lincolnshire, is a marble memorial, with a quaint inscription engraved 
thereon, of which the following is an exact copy : — 

Mobs iohi lyobyx 

HSASEBT LTSTH LIlKB ChA- 
WOBTH, WIFE VNTO lOHN 

Chawobth or Sovthitbll 

IN THE GOYNTIB OF NoTT 

Esq: and davght or Da- 

TXD VlNGElfT OF BaBNEOX 

in t» covntib op nobt 
Esq: who had bt hbb 

HVBBAND Xij SOMNBS AND 

4 BAvaHTEBS : Shb livbd 

A BiaBT ZELYS & GODLT 
LXTB: & DYED T* THIBD OF 

Iylt, 1606. 

This inscription is set within a framework, carved in the Eliza- 
bethan style, ornamented with flowers at the corners and sides, and 
with a grim skull over the top. Cuthbert Beds. 

422. — Modern Superstitions. — A curious inquiry as to the 
prevalence of superstitious practices and beliefs in modern times is 
suggested by the annexed extract from De Quincey's Essay on 
Modem Superstition. The practice of throwing open some selected 
book at hazard and taking the sentence which first catches the eye as a 

8 



58 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

kind of inspired utterance bearing on any existing difficultj formerly 
obtained to a large extent, and numerous instances could be given 
of this method of obtaining an oracle. The poet Cow per has 
recorded a case of this sort in his own experience. It would be 
interesting to know how far similar popular superstitions are still 
prevalent. I doubt not but amongst the simpler country folk may 
yet be found numerous survivals of belief in long out of date omens 
and warnings. 1 have myself some recollection of the existence of 
a superstition attaching to magpies, as expressed in the old rhyme : — 

" One*8 sorrow, two*8 mirth, 
Three's a wedding, four's a birth, 
Five's a cbristening, six a death, 
Seven's heaven, eight is hell, 
And nine's the devil his ane sel'.'* 

Speaking of sortilegy (which consists in the practice before 
mentioned, of throwing open certain privileged books at random) 
De Quincey quotes the following anecdote from Orton's Life of Dr, 
Doddridge, as illustrating a variety of this mode of divination : — 

" No case, indeed, can try so severely, or put upon record so 
conspicuously this indestructible propensity for looking into the 
future by the aid of dice, real or figurative, as the fact of men 
eminent for piety having yielded to the temptation. I pause, to 
give one instance — the instance of a person who, in practical theology, 
although a narrow dissenter, has been, perhaps, more popular than 
any other in any church. Dr. Doddridge, in his earlier days, was in 
a dilemma both of conscience and of taste as to the election he 
should make between two situations, one in possession, both at his 
command. He was settled at Harborough, in Leicestershire, and 
was * pleasing himself with the view of a continuance ' in that 
situation. True, he had received an invitation to Northampton ; but 
the reasons against complying seemed so strong, that nothing was 
wanting beyond the civility of going over to Northampton, and 
making an apologetic farewell. Accordingly, on the last Sunday in 
November of the year 1729, the doctor went and preached a sermon 
in conformity with those purposes. ' But,' says he, ' on the morn- 
ing of that day an incident happened which afiPected me greatly.' 
On the night previous, it seems, he had been urged very impor- 
tunately by his Northampton friends to undertake the vacant office. 
Much personal kindness had concurred with this public importunity : 
the good doctor was affected ; he had prayed fervently, alleging in 
his prayer, as the reason which chiefly weighed with him to reject 
the offer) that it was far beyond his forces, and mainly because he was 



Clarke, Fry, and Howett. 59 

too joang * and bad no assistant. He goes on thus : ' As soon as 
ever this address * (meaning the prajer) ' was ended, I passed 
through a room of the house in which I lodged, where a child was 
reading to his mother, and the only words I heard distinctly were 
these. And as thy days so shall thy strength be.* This singular 
coincidence between his own difficulty and a scriptural line, caught 
at random in passing hastily through a room (but observe, a line 
insulated from the context, and placed in high relief to his ear), 
shook his resolution. Accident co-operated, a promise to be fulfilled 
at Northampton, in a certain contingency, fell due at the instant -, the 
doctor was detained ; the detention gave time for further representa- 
tions ; new motives arose 5 old difficulties were removed ; and finally 
the doctor saw, in all this succession of steps (the first of which, 
however, lay in the Sortes Bihliae), clear indications of a providential 
guidance. With that conviction he took up his abode at North- 
ampton, and remained there for the next thirty-one years, until he 
left it for his grave at Lisbon ; in fact, he passed at Northampton the 
whole of his public life. It must, therefore, be allowed to stand 
upon the records of sortilegy, that in the main direction of his life — 
not, indeed, as to its spirit, but as to its form and local connections 
— a Protestant divine of much merit, and chiefly in what regards 
practice, and of the class most opposed to superstition, who himself 
vehemently combated superstition, took his determining impulse 
from a variety of the Sortes VirgiliamB,*' F. T. 

423, — Clarkb, Fry, and Howett: ausRiES (382). — Mr. 
£dw. Alex. Fry, of Yarby, King's Norton, writes : — 

" As I take an interest in anything respecting the name of Fry, 

• being engaged in my spare time in trying to trace the pedigree of as 

many families of the name as possible, I send a short list of what 

Kichard Frys I have wills or administrations of, from my collection 

of some 400 of the name of Fry : — 

Richard Fry of Barrow, Somerset . . Proved i6ji 

„ „ Deer Park, Devon . . „ 1707 

„ „ Sherborne, Dorset . . „ 17 13 

„ „ Corfecastle, „ • . „ 1646 

„ „ Dorchester, „ . . >* 1682 

„ „ Abingdon, Berks • . „ 1*651 

** * ' Becanse he was too young.' Dr. DoddridgQ was bom in the summer 
of 1702 ; consequently Le was at this era o^ his life about twenty-seven years 
old, and not so obviously entitled to this excuse of youth. But he pleaded 
his youth, not with a view to the exertions required, but to the MscioritM and 
responsibilities of the situation." 

8» 



6o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

" Richard Fry appears in many other will% but these are the only 
ones I have subsequent to 1646. I have not one instance of a Fry in 
Northamptonshire, except a Mary Fry, who died of the small-pox. at 
Northampton in 1679. ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^® Devonshire family of Fry, 
and was connected with sir John Briscoe of Northamptonshire, and 
after of Amber ley, Sussex." 

The signatures herein referred to occur in bibles, one of which 
is known to have belonged to Stephen Hawkes, of Kingsthorpe- 
He died there in 1716, but his birthplace is unknown, and it was 
hoped that an answer to the above query would have given a clue. 

A. H. 

424. — The Will of Thomas Bellamy, of Stonyard. — 
The following inventory is given with the will of Thomas 
Bellamy, of Stonyard, in Northamptonshire, Husbandman (proved 
^57^)9 which is preserved in the Registry at Peterborough : — 

Inventarm eiusdem. 
Imp*mis in the hall a cubbordeand x peces of pewter 

vj dishes and ij platters and ij sawcers o . x' 

Itm iij brasse potts a kettle a great panne a bason and 

an Ewer a chaffingdishe and iij Candlesticks o . x' 

Itm a table a forme and iij stooles and a haweling 

and iij cussings o . . . . 

Itm a barr of lorn a paire of pott hookes and 

hinginge and paire of cobbyornes and spitt a 

frieing pann and a grediom o . 
Itm in the plor ij bedsteds a fetherbed a mattresse a 

bolster and ij pillows ij coverlits and ij blanketts 
Itm ij paire of flaxen shetes ij paire of harden shetes 

ij boarde clothes and twoo towells o 
Itm iiij old coffers a kneding trowghe and a bolting 

trough ij tubbes ij pailes and a churne o 
Itm a hovell and all the woode abowt the yarde o 
Itm the hey and come o 
Itm xiij shepe o 

Itm iiij kyne and a breder o . . . • "j* 

Itm a sow and five piggs o . 
Itm an old horse and a mare o 



ix» 



iiij' 



JLX* 



V 

XX* 

XXX' 

xxij* 
vi' 



viij* 



xxx* 

Su'raa totalis xj* xvj" viij* 

Is Stonjrard another form of Stanion (which name appears also 
both as Staniem and Stanyem) ? 

William Cowpbr. 



Sculptured Cross in S, Sepulchre's. 6\ 

425. — FiNBSHADE Priory. — On January 23, 1245-6, royal 
permission was granted to the prior (? Philemon) and canons of 
Finisbeved (vel. Castel Hymel), to hold for the life of Elyas Briton 
land which he assarted and gave them at Hale. On 29 February 
following, the king granted a pardon for ^5 lis,, the price for 
sowing with corn certain assarts in the forest of Clive. 

Justin Simpson. 

426. — Sculptured Cross in S. Sepulchrb*s, Northamp- 
ton (388).— The question by " Delta** induced me to refer and see 
if any note of the stone cross he there describes existed. None can 
be found. It may, however, have turned up during the building 
of the eastern extension at S. Sepulchre's, Northampton. If so 
it came to light in such a manner as gave it no special importance 
over the others. Of the Norman and other stones of later date 
found, several were built into the wall of the s. aisle. For the late 
sir Gilbert Scott was 

earnestly desirous to 
preserve as many 
of these stones as 
possibly could be 
done, and to do so in 
such practical manner 
as might prevent des- 
truction overtaking 
them at a later period. 
In the external n. 
aisle, re-erected by 
the ladies' committee, 
were fixed at least 
parts of three monu- 
mental slabs found in the foundation of the wall which then filled the 
arches. Of these, one placed in jamb of the west window was an 
exceedingly curious portion of a very late Norman cross slab : the cross 
being ornamented with zigzag. To give it shape in its new situation, 
a plain piece of stone was added to form a square. Unfortunately, 
after the work closed, the authorities completed in this the design. 
Thus many would not therefore recognize its original use. So 
conservative was sir Gilbert that in this aisle he abolished the design 
of one of his own windows, re-erecting an ancient window, whose 
tracery in a very fair state came out of these same foundations. 
When the east wall of the former church was removed, there was 
found (still in place) to the east of it part of the ancient tile paving 




f^i^M^^t>£t^ 



62 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

of the first church. Among the fragments discovered were several 
stones of the groining ribs (both cross and diagonal) of the old 
vaulting of the aisle of round, and of the double half-round columns 
against the outer wall on which it rested. The wall of south porch 
to round, of the Norman period; remains below present porch. It 
was somewhat larger than the present one. 

Peterborough. J. T. Irvine. 

427, — Rhyming Public-uousb Signs in Northampton- 
shire (373). — We have received the following further instances of 
rhymes on public-house signs in this county. 

Mr. Alex. Palmer writes from Kendal :— '' I remember one that 
was in existence some years ago, at Glapthorn. The sign was ' The 
Dun Cow/ a picture of the cow being painted on each side of the 
swinging sign-board, and underneath were the lines :— 

* Walk in genUemen, and yon will find 
The dun oow'b milk will please yonr mind.' 

The house is now a private dwelling house. 

" At Cotterstock there still exists a public-house called * The 
Gate 3 ' and though I cannot say the following lines were painted on 
the sign, they have often been repeated to me in connection with it : — 

' The Gate hangs well, and hinders none ; 
Befresh, and pay, and travel on.' " 

The sign of *'The Gate" is by no means infrequent. One 
exists in Northampton, in Scarletwell street, at the comer of Crispin 
street, on which may be seen the couplet as above. 

From Truth of March i, 1888, we take the two hereunder 
given : — 

" The * Tinker and Tree.* This is the sign of a house at Mears 
Ashby, in Northamptonshire. As a sign it is only about forty years 
old, but the name was chosen because close by is a large elm tree, 
probably not less than 300 years old, called Tinker's Tree. The 
tradition with regard to the tree is, that on the bank in the centre of 
a considerable open space where the tree now stands and '' wreaths 
its old fantastic roots so high " a travelling tinker had worked all day 
mending the pots and pans of the villagers, and that when he went 
away at night, a slight elm stick he had carried was forgotten by him, 
and left sticking in the mound on which he had worked, became the 
stately tree under which (and in which, for it can be climbed by 
several indented steps to the large natural pulpit where the great arms 
branch off) many generations of children have played. This sign is 
probably unique. — Mercurius** 



Disturbances in Northamptonshire. 63 

*' In the village of PoUerspury is a public-house, of which the 
sign is as follows : — ' Cor Super Mundum.* A flaming red heart, 
surmounted a brilliant blue globe supposed to represent the world. — 
St. Mahynr 

428. — Disturbances in Northamptonshirb. i<5j5. — The 
annexed particulars illustrate the stern measures adopted by the 
Protector for the prevention of disturbances in country districts; 
under this system of military rule any symptoms of revolt or 
disaffection were promptly put down and punished. 

Colonel Alexander Blake (v. State Papers, Dom. Series Interreg. 
sub. anno, 16^5) > a commissioner for the militia of the counties of 
Northampton and Rutland, in a letter dated Peterborough, 12 April, 
i6jj, informs Colonel GofFe among other matters of a similar 
character at Oundle and thereabouts, that he sent a military force to 
counteract any disturbances raised by evil disposed persons, pursuant 
to order for securing these parts. The party of horse raised for that 
occasion came with horse and arms voluntarily, others had to be paid. 
The expenses incurred thereupon the fl^olonel offered to pay, or cause 
to be paid, as follows : — 

li. s. d. 
To a LiflE* 14 days pay att loj. p. day . . 07 00 00 
To a Q' M' 14 days pay att 8j. p. day . . oj 12 00 
To a Corp** 14 days pay att 35. p. day . . 02 02 00 
To 30 Troopers for 5 days pay att ^s, 6d, p. day 18 15 00 

33 09 00 
Under the above bill of costs is a mem. dated 26 April, that it is 
referred by the council to Commissary General Whalley. Then 
follows this certificate : — "We being informed that Coll. Blake did 
Raise a Trope of Sixty horse & did in y* time of y* late dangers draw 
them out and marched thep to Stamford fair to p'vent any gathering 
together of ill minded p'sons there and that he hath ingaged himseilfe 
to pay y« OflScers & souldiers as above mentioned, we are humbly of 
opinion y^ the suroe of 33" og* 00 be paide unto Coll. Blake out of y* 
Counsells Contingencies now remaining in o' hands of y* joo** 
ordered to be paid unto us by Mr. Walter ffrosty* 23'* March 1654(5) 
And that the Counsell be pleased to issue their order unto us 
accordingly [which was accordingly done 2 May] Aprill 30th 1655. 
Edw. Whalley, W. GofF (Coll.), Ph. Twistleton (Lt-CoL), Charles 
Worsley.'' 

By order of the Protector and his Council, 14 March, 1654-5, the 
following were appointed commissioners for Militia to suppress 



64 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

insurrections and preserve the peace for the counties of Northampton 

and Rutland, viz., Mr. Barkley, Daventry ; Edw. Farmor, Jno. 

Claypole, jun. Esq. Master of our Horse, John Claypole, Sen'., esq ; 

Thos. Brookes, Major Wm. Boteler, Alex' Blake, Jno. Browne, of 

Kettering; Evers Armyne, esq^j John Osborne, Robt. Horsmao 

(J. P.), Christ. Browne, Willm. Sheild, esq. (of Preston, who married 

at Nortbborough in this county, 26 Dec, 1655, Mary Claypole, eldest 

daughter of John Claypole, sen. esq., of that place) ; and Peter 

Woodcock, J'., esq. , « 

' -^ ^ Justin Simpson. 

Stamford. *' 

429. — Nassington Vicarage. — The king being at Woodstock 
on July 9, 125 1, commands G. de Langel*, justice of the forest, to 
permit Robert de Keden', parson of the church of Nassington, to 
have liberties, &c., in the wood of Nassington which the parsons of the 
church, which is a prebend of the church of Lincoln, had in the time 
of the king's predecessors j viz., to have a man to caiTy seckilones 
(faggots) from the wood of the farm of Nassington for all their 
stayings (or visits) in the country for brewing and baking, against 
their arrival in the country with heybote in the same wood in the 
whole year, their own cattle free of herbage in Risflete, and to have a 
pigstye in the same free of pannage, except the closed month, for 
which liberties they were to pay 35. a year to the king for this right j 
but they were to take no oak in the same wood against Christmas, as 
they were not to do without the especial order of the king. 

The " parson *' above named is not mentioned in Willis* list ; the 
first he gives is John the Roman, chancellor of Lincoln, precentor of 
York; he held it in 1284, in the following year was elected archbp. 
of York, and died 1298. The first named by Bridges is John Morle, 
preb. and vicar, ins. 19 Cal. April, 1276. j^^^^^ Simpson. 

430. — The Garfields of Northamptonshire (281, 304). — 
The following note is taken from the Journals of the House of 
Cgmmons, April 21, 1642* (which are to be found in the Reference 
Department of the Northampton Free Library), and is especially 
interesting as being probably one of the earliest references to the 
exodus of the family. There is no mention of this resolution in Mr. 
Phillimore's paper on The Garfields of England. 

"Resolved, upon the Question, That Benjamin Garfield of 
Middlesex, and Peter Cowper of Huntington, Esquires, shall have a 
Warrant under Mr. Speaker's Hands to go beyond the Seas, without 
the Lett or Interruption of any his Majesty's Officers of the Ports, 
notwithstanding any former Order of Restraint.'* J. T. 

• Vol. n., p. .637. 



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Vol. III. 




^^ S 5 .1 b " 



PART XIX. 



IS^-^ 



We garner all ike things thai pass 

* ¥r * * 

Old records writ on tomb and Irass^ 
Old spoils of arrow- hi'ad and how, 
Old wrecks of old-worlds' overthrow. 
Old relics of Earth's primal slime, 
yill drift that wanders to and/ro; — 
IFe are the gleaners after Time f 




<^ 



The ANTiauARY. 



-''-^fy 



Northamptonshire 

Notes '& Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 



DBYOTED TO 



The Antiquities^ Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c,,of the'County. 



»-sfc.*^>-«>dC-s>^-^>^-fc.^-«sce-^^-»a e ^ -%>^-%.- <r,'i%>^,-t«x*-- 



'•*>^« 



Contents. 



481 
483 
483 
484 
435 
436 
437 
438 
489 
440 
441 
442 
443 
444 



Anglo-Saxon Charters 
BracUey School 
Eelics of Kaseby Fight 
Haseby Old Haa 
FarUh Begisters of Dranghton 
MaateU (Maontell) of Heyford 
Shedp Killers in Horthamptonshire 
The Qarfields of Northamptonshire 
Mazey Chnrch filluatraiiousj 
The Shepj^ard Family 
Bhyming^jPnblic Honse Signs 
Lyne Family of Brixworth 
Sir William Fermor 
FeterboroQgh Church Flate 



445 Pnlpit at Fotheringhay fiUH8trationsJ 

446 Horthamptonshire Briefs 

447 Books of Marie Stnart 

448 Master Thomas BaU, Minister 

449 A Kelic of Dr. Doddridge 

450 Balaam's Ass Sunday 

451 Frayer of Mary Queen of Scots 

452 Ihe Horthamptonshire Hoard 

453 Monumental Inscriptions firom other 

Coioities 

454 The " Beautiful Misses Ounning " 

455 A Bank Holiday Kamble in North 

Horthamptonshire (illustrationsj 

I '4^6 The Papillons and Northamptonshire 



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Brackley School, 65 

431. — Anglo-Saxon Charters. — The following list of 
charters relatinj^r to Northamptonshire is compiled from first and 
second volumes of the Cariularium Saxonicum: a Collection of 
Charters relating to Anglo-Saxon History, a.d. 430 — 947, by Walter 
de Gray Birch^ f.s.a., of the Department of MSS. British Museum, 
etc. (London, 1885-1887.) 

22. Grant of Wnlpheie, King of the Mercians, etc., to the Monastery 
of Medeshamstede (Peterborough), of varioos lands and privileges. 
▲.D. 664. Yol. i. p. 3S. 

22a. Grant of Wulfhere, King of the Mercians, etc., to the Monastery 
of Medeshamstede, of various lands and privileges. a.d. 664. vol. i. p. 41. 

838 (22b) Anglo-Saxon Speech and Charter of Wulfere, Kinff of the 
Mercians, founding the Abbey of Medeshamsted (Peterborouflh), etc. 
A.i>. 664 vol. ii. Appendiz, p. ii. 

839 (22o) Grant of privileges by Pope Vitalian to the Abbey of 
Medeshamsted. After a.d. 664. vol. ii. Appendix, p. iv. 

48. Letter of Pope Agatho to ^thelred. King of the Mercians, and 
Theodore, Archbishop, granting privileges to the Monastery of Peterborough. 
About A.D. 680. vol. i. p. 74. 

49. Anglo-Saxon Version of No. 48, but differing in many points from 
it. vol i. p. 79. 

840 (49b) Grant by iBtelred, King^of the Mercians, to the Monastery 
of Medeshamstede, of land at Lengttriodun. About a.d. 680. 

vol. ii. Appendix, p. v. 

843 (49b) Note of the acquisition by Abbot Hedda, of land at Gedenan 
Ac for the Abbey of Medeshamstede. vol. ii. Appendix, p. vi. 

271. Sale by Beonna, Abbot of Medeshamstede, to the Prince Cuthberhi, 
of land at Swineshead, co. Lincoln. a.d. 786 x 796. vol. i. p. 378. 

464. Grant for two liveK by Ceolred, Abbot of Medeshamstede 
to Wulfred, of land at Sempingaham or Sempringaham, 00. Lincoln, in 
exchange for land at Slioford or Sleaford. a.d. 862. vol. ii. p. 67. 

466. Another form of No. 464. vol. ii. p. 69. 

681. Grant by King .Wilfred to Deormod, the thegn, of land at 
Appleford, co. Berks, in exchange for land at Harandnn, perhaps Harring- 
don, CO. Northt. About a.d. 892 x 901 vol. ii. p. 228. 

607. Becord by King Eadward of the grant by Hungi9 to WigtnfS of 
land at Eatun on the B. Cherwell, or Eydon, co. Northampton. a.i>. 900 
for 904. vol. ii. p. 264. 

792. Grant by King Eadmund to ^Ifric Brenting, Bishop [of 
Hereford], of land at Baddanbyri, or Badby ; Doddanford, or Dodford ; and 
Eferdune, or Everdon, co. Northampton, a.d. 944. voL ii. p. 639. 

432. — Brackley School (410). — In the last issue of •*N. N. 
& Q.** there is a query as to Thomas Godwin, Bishop of Bath and 
Wells^ and his connection with Magdalen College School. Through 
the kind assistance of the Rev. H. A* Wilson, Fellow of Magdalen 
College, Oxford, I am able to give the following details : — 

There can be no doubt that Thomas Godwin was master at 
Brackley in the reign of Edward vi., and probably he was the ^ri^ 

9 



66 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Master of the School. The direct statement that he was Master of 
Brackley School is made by Antony a Wood, who says that he left 
Oxford because he could not get on with certain " Papists '* who 
were to be found in Magdalen. 

His son, Francis Godwin, in his book De VrcBsvlibus Anglicp^ 
says that the Papists were anxious to get rid of him, and offered him 
this position on condition of his resignation. His words are : — 

" Pontificiorum factione nescio quid praedioli oblatum 

est modo scholae moderationem vellet suscipere, abdicata Magdaleueusi 
societate, quam conditionem libenter accepit sub exitum regni 
Edwardi sexti." Richardson's later edition reads '* Scholae [Brack- 
leyensis] moderationem" etc. As to the date, "sub exitum regni 
Edwardi sexti '* does not look much like 1549. But from the 
admission register of the College it is clear that Godwin vacated his 
Fellowship between July, i J49, and July, i J50. 

It was probably in 1549 that the King's Commissioners, in 
returning the value of the chantry at Brackley, spoke of the school 
as already founded; but Godwin may have gone there early in 1549. 
and had some time of grace before resigning his Fellowship. He 
was not at this time in Holy Orders, for he was ordained by 
Bullingham, Bishop of Lincoln, and therefore not before 1560. He 
appears to have been forced to leave the School in Queen Mary's 
reign, and then supported himself by the practice of medicine. He 
took the degree of Bachelor of Medicine in 1558. 

"I do not imagine," says the Rev. H. A. Wilson, "that he 
returned to the School after i j6o, as he seems to have been Bishop 
Bullingham*s chaplain and to have been much in request as a 
preacher." 

It is singular that in the same number of " N. N. & Q.'* a full 
account of the History of the ancient Hospital with which Thomas 
Godwin was thus connected should have been given, and that his 
name should be given amongst past Head Masters. It is hoped that 
this account of one of the Masters of the School will add to the 
interest which has been awakened by the account of this Hospital of 
S. John and S. James at Brackley. , ^ 

Magd. Coll. School, Brackley. 

433. — Relics of Naseby Fight (414). The " Strong Oak 
Table.*' — I must own to a feeling of intense surprise when I saw 
the above table described in the catalogue of the Sale at Naseby 
Woolleys in February last as one " at which Oliver Cromwell dined 
the day before the battle." On the i ith of February, 1 888, a paragraph 



Relics of Naseby Fight. 67 

appeared in the Northampton Herald anent the sale, in which reference 
was made to this table^ and to the fact that it once belonged to 
the Everard family. Being pretty well convinced in my own mind 
that the statement in the catalogue connecting Cromwell with the 
table was incorrect, I addressed a letter to the Editor, in the hope of 
getting conclusive information upon the subject. As my letter 
elicited no reply, perhaps I may be permitted to recapitulate its main 
points here with a little addition. After alluding to the table being 
once in the possession of the Everard family, I continued as 
follows : — 

I remember in my boyhood's days seeing some such table 
standing in the kitchen of Shuckbrugh House at the time Mr. Greorge 
Everard lived there. From that time until now I have always 
presumed this table to have been noteworthy from a far different 
cause to the one mentioned in the sale catalogue, i e., because it was 
the table around which the Royalist revellers were seated carousing 
the night before the battle when they were surprised and massacred 
by Ireton's advanced guard. Is not this the table to which 
Whyte-Melville refers in his Holmby House (p. a 12, cheap 
edition) as '* the old oak table, which bears to this day the marks of 
many a wild carousal dinted on its surface.*' The following from 
the Rev. John Mastin's History of Naseby (p. 71) evidently refers to 
the same piece of furniture. Speaking of Shuckbrugh kouse, be 
says : " The venerable old, but sombrous seat of the Shuckbrughs, 
was pulled down in i773* ^7 Mr. Ashby, who has built with the 
materials a very convenient farmhouse, and offices; many ancient 
coins were found in the foundations, and walls ; the timber, of the 
most substantial oak, evidently felled with the bark on in the winter, 
had bid defiance even to time j as the like may be seen in the roof of 
King's college chapel, in Cambridge. Nothing now remains worth 
notice upon the premises, where this ancient edifice stood, but a large 
oak table, about 9 feet long, and three broad, with thick turned 
feet in the old fashion, which is preserved with great care. Respecting 
this table an antiquary informed me, that about twenty years ago, in 
examining the curiosities at Naseby, he had the following traditional 
account from two old gentlewomen, the tenants. * A party of the 
King's life guards* were surprised by Ireton, as they were sitting 
down to supper at this very table, the evening before the battle. Yes, 
Sir, at this very table ! ' Striking the board.'* In 1882 Paxton Hood 

* <*Iiife goards being almost appropriated to Sovereigns only, the 
mistake was easy, of the King's for the Prince's, as was the case."— Note to 
Mastin's Sutory, 



68 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

published his Oliver Cromwell, On page 200 he states that — 
"They still show the old table at Naseby where the guards of 
Rupert — the Cavaliers — sat the night before the battle, — an old oak 
table deeply indented and stained with the carousals of ages.'* 

To this I should now like to add the following quotation from 
Murray^ s Handbook for Northamptonshire and Rutland^ p. 177, "The 
table at which the Royalist horse were carousing in a house at 
Naseby, when they were overtaken by Ireton's troopers, is preserved 
at Naseby WooUeys." 

I understand that Cromwell joined Fairfax at Guilsborough on 
the 13th of June, 1645, *^^ ^^^ *' ^^ ^^t until 5 o'clock the next 
morning that the Parliamentarian troops quitted their quarters — 
therefore be could hardly have dined at Naseby the day, or any day, 
before the battle. 

Perhaps some reader of " N. N. & Q." may be able to give a full 
description of the table. It would also be of much interest to know 
how it came into the hands of the Everards and why they gave it up. 

Holmby House, Forest Gate. John T. Page. 

434. — Nasbbt Old Man. — ^In The Northampton Herald for the 
x8th of February, 1888, reference was made to the " old copper 'bull * 
or tank " which for nearly seventy years occupied a position on the 
summit of Naseby church steeple, and which was sold for £^ at the 
sale at Naseby Woolleys on the 9th February, to Mr. T. Buswell, of 
Market Harborough. 

I hope this has fallen into friendly hands, which for the sake of 
the associations attached to it will deal with it tenderly. It was in 
the year 1842 that Carlyle, in the company of Dr. Arnold, of Rugby 
school fame, visited Naseby for the purpose of gleaning information 
for use in his forthcoming volumes of Oliver Cromwell* s Letters 
and Speeches. Seeing in what a unique manner the church 
steeple was adorned he thus pleasantly records the fact: — "The 
old church, with its graves, stands in the centre, (of the village) 
the truncated spire finishing itself ^ith a strange old Ball, held 
up by rods ; ' a hollow copper Ball, which came from Boulogne in 
Henry the Eighth's time * — which has, like Hudibras*s breeches, ' been 
at the Siege of Bullen'** (Cromwell, vol. 1. letter xxix. p. 188). 
Looming out in bold relief against the sky, it might easily have led 
the hasty observer, for the moment, to imagine a giant was standing 
there; and, doubtless because of its fancied resemblance to the 
human form, soon became generally known and spoken of as 



Parish Registers of Draughton. 69 

**Naseby Old Man/* I well remember a doggrel rhyme which was 
current about the time when subscriptions were being sought in order 
to replace it by a steeple. I believe the following to be a correct 
rendering (author unknown) : — 

^ Naseby Old Man was meant to be a spire, 
But Naseby poor fanners could raise him no higher." 

I may add that a weather-vane was fixed above the old ball, and 
this has now for years adorned a summer-bouse in Mr. John 
Johnson's garden at West Haddon. The old ball, which was 
originally the property of the Ash by 's, was restored again to its 
owners and carefully deposited at the Woolleys. With what feelings 
of regret the people of Naseby must have observed this and other 
relics, which have so long found affectionate sanctuary at the 
Woolleys, being carted away, I can well imagine — ** pity 'tis 5 'tis 
true ! " It is '* to Captain Asbby the village of Naseby is entirely 
indebted for the beautiful spire which now, with uplifted finger, 
marks the spot where was fought one of England's most memorable 
and bloody battles." Thus says Mr. Nethercote in his Pytchley 
Hunt, and though "Naseby Old Man" may in time be quite 
forgotten, I feel sure that "the name of Ashby will ever be 
remembered." 

Holmby Hoosa, Forest Gate. JoHN T. Paob. 

435. — Parish Rboistbrs op Drauohton. — The following 
extracts were taken by me on a hurried visit to Draughton a few 
years ago 5 possibly they may interest some of your readers, and 
supply a missing link in some pedigree. 

ij6a Nov. 16 Thomas Greene & Margaret Page were mar. 

1568 Jan. 28 John Baker, Person, bur. 

1571 Jul. I Katherine Mordan, d. to John Murdan, bur. 

1601 Aijg. 7 Susanna Cowper, wyfiFe to John Cowp' of Sonihaine 

in Warwickshire was hurried in the Chauncell in Draughton 

church. 
1610 Jan. 31 William Jones, Parson of Siresham in the Countie 

of Northampton, and Elizabeth Watkin, d. of Mr. Gifford 

Watkin and of Katherine his wife were mar. 

161 4 May 16 William Chester of Marson Trussell and Margaret 

Loake, d. of Robert Loake of Draughton were mar. 

16 15 May 28 Thomas Rawlins and Margaret Conquest were mar. 
1623 Sep. I j Arthur Longvill of Brad well Abbaye in the Countie 

of Buckingham and Alice Twistleton of Hanging Houghton 
in the Parishe of Lamport were mar. 



70 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1627 June 25 William Lowdey of Brosley in the Countie of 

Linrolne and Elizabeth Carrington, d. of William Carrington 

& of Grace his wife, were mar. 
1630 Apr. 22 Antonie Pratt of Weldun and Judith Broke, d. of 

Sr. Thomas Broke of Great Okeley, knight, were mar. 
1636 Mar. 19 Alice Cheney, d. of Erasmus Cheney and of Anne, 

as they say, his wife, was bapt. 

1643 F<^b. 3 William Seayre of Laighton debuzard in ye County 

of Bedford and Alice Orpin, d. of John Orpin and Margaret 
his wife, were mar. 

1644 Jan. 2 Hannah Seaire, d. of William Seare of Laighton de- 

buzard and of Alice his wife was bapt. 
1648 Jul. 15 Roger Astell and Mary Wykes, d. of John Wykes, 

were mar. 
1648 Oct. 31 Beniamin Tallis, s. of Joseph Tallis & of Elizabeth 

his wife, was bapt. 
1652 Jul. 7 Phillip Man gent, and Mary Palmer were mar. 
1656 Feb. 17 Mr. John Orpin, Minister of Draughton, bur. 
1660 Jul. 15 Alexander Teere, s. of Henry Teere, was bapt., 

being the first that was baptized here at the Hunt since the 

happy restauracon of his now Ma^ Charles y* 2<*. 
1660 Sep. 22 Ann & Elizabeth, daurs. of Anthony Twisleton & 

Margery his wife bapt. 
r66c Oct. 9 Bryan Twisleton, s. of Anthony Twisleton, bur. 
1663 Nov. 6 Katherine, d. of Anthony Twisleton & Margery his 

wife, was bapt. 
1666 Jun. I Brigit, the d. of Anthony Twisslinghton and Margery 

his wife, was bapt. 
1668 Feb. 4 Brian, and Katherine, s. & d. of Anthony Twissling- 
hton & Margery his wife, was bapt. 
1694 Sep. 25 Katherine Twisleton, d. of Brian Twisleton & Mary 

his wife was bapt. 
Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. F- A. Blatdbs. 

436.— Mantbll (Mauntell) of Heyford. — Can anyone 
interested in the pedigrees of old Northamptonshire families help me 
with any information as to the Mantell family beyond that given in 
Baker's Norihamptonshire ? 

In 1866 or 1867 the dean of Stamford, the very rev. Edward 
Reginald Mantell, m.a., of Horton priory, Kent, Rector of Gretford 
near Stamford, accompanied by Mrs. Mantell, called at the rectory at 
Heyford. My father was out or away from home, but my mother 



Sheep Killers in Northamptonshire, 71 

received them, and they went to the church to see the Mantel 1 
brasses. The dean left with my mother a photograph of himself, 
saying he should like my father to see the last of the Mantells. 
Upon the back is written *' £dward Reginald Mantell, descended 
from Sir Walter Mantell of Hey ford." Dean Mantell died 29 May, 
1884, at Parkbury, St. Albans, at the advanced age of 85. He 
married in 1828, Susan, eldest daughter of Isaac Minet, of Baldwyns, 
Kent. An obituary notice of the late dean appeared in The Standard 
of June 2, 1884. 

Baker*s pedigree ends with the name of Matthew Mantell, of 
Horton, co. Kent, and Collingtree, co. Northants, grandson and heir 
of dame Margaret Hales, at. 21, ex. i j Eliz., restored to his father's 
estate ij Eliz. Henry H. Crawlby. 

437. — Sheep Killers in Northamptonshire, 1675. — Mr. 
T. J. George, of the Northampton public library, has lately become 
possessed of a curious and very rare tract, consisting of seven small 
quarto pages, of which the title-page is as under : — 

''Strange but true News from Several parts of the Kingdome, of 
certain Sheep-killers, or a sort of New Tallow-chandlers in the 
Counties of Essex, Leicester-shire, Northamptonshire, and part of 
Warwickshire, &c. With a particular account of their proceedings, 
the number and manner of their killing them. Likewise, How 
they come to be discovered and taken by a Journey man Shoo- 
maker. and are now in Leicester Gaol, till next Assises. Pub- 
lished by a well-wisher to his King and Countrey. 
Printed for Benben Bnbgis ie76." 

As is frequently the case with pamphlets of this description the 
margin has suffered so much at the binder's hands that a portion of 
the imprint has disappeared, consequently it is difficult to determine 
what the printer's name really is. The narrative itself chiefly 
consists of a lively relation of the capture of one of the sheep- 
stealing fraternity at an ale-house a mile or two from Leicester, 
where, after treating all comers with liquor he finally quarelled with 
a shoemaker and got taken into custody and committed to the 
Assizes. The language employed is extremely quaint, as the intro- 
ductory passage here given will show : — 

"The world is become ill favoured. Deformed, and fubtle ; a Brat 
as like the Dad (that Old Fox, the Prince of Darknefs^ as it can look. 
Honefty,, though elder than Fraud, and of a Heavenly brood, yet hath 
loft the priveledge in moft mens Eftimations, it may keep the priority, 
the fuperiority is gone, witnefs the irregular courfes moft men take 
now a dayes, making no Confcience of their wayes, being irrefragably 



72 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

diflblute, and born away with the precipes and ftrams of fenfual 
pleafures, which briwgeth them (as the woful conlequent) to extreaiti 
poverty." 

Not much is said in reference to Northamptonshire, although the 
name occurs two or three times in the course of the narrative, as in 
the following instance : — 

" We are now to give the Reader an account of a new fort of 
Muttonmongers, who it feems have left the High- way and perpetrate 
their Villanies in the open Fields, to tell you what they are I cannot, 
but furely if they are fuch Gallants as reported, they have fome other 
deiign then the bare dealing of a little live tallow, as many of them 
have done in £ilex, Kent, part of Northamptonshire and Warwick- 
ihire, and several other places." J. T. 

438. — The Garfibldsof Northamptonshire (281, 304,430). 
— The following notices of the Northamptonshire Garfields occur in 
the Fourth Report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, 
i874> p. 34* 

" 1640, Dec. 22. — Petition of "William Grarfield and £useby Woolfe, 
churchwardens of Upton, in the county of Northampton. Dr. 
Samuel Clarke, parson of St. Peter's, Northampton, sent one Pidgeon 
to Upton to cut the table, place it altar-wise in the chancel, and rail 
it in, and then directed them to pay Pidgeon for his trouble, which 
they declining to do, have suffered excommunication and loss. Pray 
that Dr. Clarke may be called upon to answer, and directed to restore 
the table to its original position. 

" 1640, Dec. 22. — Draft order that Dr. Clarke shall make a new 
table for the Chapel of Upton at his own cost and pay the peti- 
tioners' charges, or else appear to show cause to the contrary. 

" 1640, Dec. 24. — Petition of William Rowse against Dr. Clarke, 
parson of Kingsthorpe, Upton, and St. Peter's Northampton, &c. 
Complains of injustice and oppression practised by him as chaplain 
and principal feoffee in trust of the new hospital at Leicester, toward 
the tenants and inmates thereof. L. J., IV. 117." 

It is well known that in order to promote reverence in the minis- 
tration of the blessed sacrament, archbishop Laud procured a royal 
injunction ordering the holy table, which in most parish churches bad 
stood in the body of the church for many years, to be removed and 
placed altarwise against the east wall, and protected by a railed space, 
as at present. Dr. Samuel Clarke was rector of S. Peter cum 

* MSS. in the Library of the Hooae of Lords. 




pi^ r ^. N ii- ■ 



. « 






Maxey Church. 



73 



K^ingsthorpe and Upton from j6o8 to 1650, and seems to have been 
a loyal supporter of the archbishop, unlike many of the clergy. I 
oannot find the name Garfield in the Upton Register; the family could 
only have been at Upton a short time. Euseby Woolfe occurs often. 
Inhere is no recorded allusion to the dispute between the rector and 
tlie churchwardens. 

S. Pet«r*s, Northampton. E- N. T. 

439.— Maxey Church. — Though this church is not recorded 
in the volume of Northamptonshire churches published by the 
Architectural Society of the County, it is one of considerable interest 
from containing the unusual number of three, or perhaps even four, 
separate buildings of Norman date. The fabric crowns the summit 
of the artificial " maks-eye," or "made-island," from which the 
parish takes its name.^ These Norman portions appear to be 
successive enlargements of an older church of Saxon date. Of this 
period an interesting fragment of a tombstone dug up not long since 
is now preserved in the church. Its design is far more in accord 




Fragment 0} Soj^on Co^^yy\U^oundxnCiL uay^ 



with the remains found in Wales, than with any of the abundant 
fragments of interlacing stone work found in this neighbourhood. 
The Saxon church probably had no tower. The first Norman 
building was therefore the addition of tower at the west end. Its 
parts are in so perfect agreement with the work at Castor Church ; 
and the bases of the arch from the tower to the nave present the 
* ThiB etymology 10, however, not undisputed. 

10 



74 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

same singular scaling ornament almost invariably found in the 
work of the architect, or master-mason, of Castor, as to leave no 
doubt of this being bis work. Here, oddly enough, part of his 
design seems to have been borrowed from the neighbouring Saxon 
tower of Barnack, existing then as at present. The vertical stone 
slips at Barnack reappear at Maxey as two narrow slips of 
plinthless buttresses placed on the wall face, a good way inwards front 
the angles, just as at Barnack. 

The position of the corbel table seems to prove that the proportion, 
of this new tower was so low, (perhaps from doubt as to the 
stability of the foundation on the mound,) that a further addition 
of a fresh Norman stage was soon made, mounted over the 
corbelling j this again, in its turn, to be finally terminated with 
the present upper pointed storey. The caps of the tower arch are 
carved with the beautiful and rich work found in all the buildings 
of this able architect, and can well be compared with that 
seen at Castor and Wakerley. The first appearance of those curled 
and ornamented angles which were perfected in the early English age^ 
are here excellently displayed. Their scale- worked bases have been 
mentioned above. Outside is seen the very same string, with its- 
horizontal line of diamonds left in relief, that the architect uses at 
Wakerley. The date of the work cannot differ in any appreciative 
degree from that of Castor Church. This date must have been prior 
to 11163 because no trace of any of the characteristic points of the 
design occurs anywhere in the cathedral of Peterborough, while 
those singular fragments of the period of Abbot Ernulph found 
re-used in the great south-east pier of the tower, appear considerably 
to resemble it. Accordingly, when the next extension at Maxey 
is executed, namely, (as at Wittering and Barnack) a north aisle, not 
a trace of the work of the architect of the older portion is to be seen j. 
but the bases of* the piers are found to present peculiar sections, 
precisely similar to what is seen in the apse, and found at other points 
westward of the cathedral 5 work which is known to be not earlier 
than H17 or 1118. This work at Maxey presents caps, abaci, and 
bases, of very plain, simple workmanship, in all cases square only, 
while the attempts at ornamentation are of the slightest description. 

The third extension of the Norman period was the second stage of 
the tower already spoken of, and the south aisle, whose parts are quite 
distinct from the lower tower and north aisle work. Possibly this 
tower stage may have intervened between the periods at which the 
aisles were built, in which case there would be four distinct periods 
of Norman work in the Church. In the south arcade not only do the 



The Sheppard Family, 75 

caps present in the plan of their angles that square recess so peculiarly 
a mark of the later period of the style^ but the bases also do the same, 
which is unusual. The outer order of the arches is cut into 
moderately large nail-head ornamentation, a sure sign of advanced 
transitional date. Other features of later date can be discerned. At 
the south-east angle of the chancel there is a remarkable vaulted 
strong room with double door. In the north wall is inserted a 
recessed and canopied tomb, much ornamented, where it evidently also 
served as an £aster sepulchre. High up in the south wall of the 
nave is a piscina, proving that the rood^oft was of width enough to 
supply room for an altar. This loft was of a magnificent character, 
and rendered necessary an extension upwards of the chancel arch, so 
as to give space for the rood figures. Some especially curious decorated 
windows, with square heads, light the north aisle, the soffit tracery of 
their heads suggesting an explanation of those singular windows, also 
square-headed, in the chancel of Helpston church. 

There are many other features of interest in this remarkable 
church. But 1 can mention only one or two more. - Externally the 
labels of the late window, introduced in the west wall of the tower, 
terminate in shields, the bearings on which may enable some of your 
readers who may be learned in heraldry, to name the famrlies of 
position connected with the parish. The shield on the north, 
partly covered by the added buttress, appears to have three water 
bougets, possibly for de Ros 3 that on the south has a fess between 
six fleurs de lis. Nor should I omit to mention that at the east end 
of the south aisle is preserved the stone font of the Restoration period, 
about 1660. It is of an uncommonly pleasing and suggestive design ; 
although the shallow recess of bason, while it is of proper diameter, 
curiously suggests how little correct arrangements were then 
understood. Seldom is there to be seen a more pleasing attempt of 
the date. Its place under the tower is now occupied by a handsome 
font, the gift of canon Argles and Mrs. Argles, placed, as the 
inscription on the cover tells us, as a memorial to the late bishop 
Davys. 

Peterborough. J. T. Irvinb. 

440, — The Sheppard Family op Northamptonshire (59, 
168, aar, 364, 379, 401, 418). — The following will is given in 
continuation of the series commenced at the last reference. 

Will of Thomas Sheperd of Polebrook 1540. 
" In the name of God Amen. The xiiij**^ daye of September in 
the yere of o' lorde God A m'cccccxl and in the yere of our sou'agne 
lord King Henry the eight by the grace of God off England and of 

10* 



76 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Fraunnce kjoge defender of the fayetb, lord of IreloDde and in ertbe 
sup*me hedd of the charcbe of England^ I, Thomas Shepd of the 
piche of Pokebroke, in the diocess of Lincolo, in the countye of 
Northampton, beyng seke in body & hoUe of mynde do make & 
ordeyn thys my last wyll & testament in thys man* & form followyng, 
which ys to sey I fyrst I beqaethe my soulle to God allrayghty, o^ 
blessyd lady the vyrgen, & all the holy saynts in heven, and my body 
to be buryed in the churche of Pokebrok. And further I bequethe to 
the mother churche of Lincoln iiij*. Itm to the highe ault' of the 
churche of Pokebrok ij^. Itm to the repacon of the said churche of 
Pokebroke xx**. Itm I bequeve to John Shepd my brother tene 
sheppe ij sheets ij dobletts one peyre of hosse & a cote. Itm I be- 
quethe to en'y godchilde of myn one shepp. Itm bequeve to my 
beryenge my sebont daye & my thyrtye daye vj" to be done for my 
soulle & all christen soules. Itm I gyve to S' John Orton the p'iche 
prest of Pokebroke to pray for my soule ^\ Also I bequethe to 
Margery my wyf anease (?) or ten't in Pokebroke whiche she dwelleth 
in duryng her lyfe, and aft' hyr to reymayne to Thomas Shepd my 
sone and to hys assignes. Also I bequethe all the resydewe of my 
goods vnbequethed to Margery wy (sic) vfyfie whom I make my 
hole executryx. And furthermore I wyll and orden if it shall happen 
my said wyfe to mary that then the residewe of my said goods 
onbequeathed to be devided &pted in thre ptys that ys to sey the one 
pte to my seid wyfe, the other pte to my sone John, and the therde 
pte to my sone Thomas. Also I make my seid sones John Shepd & 
Thomas Shepd the supvisores of my seid wyll. And that thys ys 
my mynde & last wyll I calle vnto wittness thes psons folowynge S' 
John Orten picbe prest, John Alwarde, Wyllm Henson, John fioone, 
Xpofer Waryn, w* other moo." 

Reference mark, G 15. The spelling Pokebroke is peculiar but 
certain. I have made the use of capital letters uniform. 

William Cowper. 

441. — Rhyming Public House Signs (373, 4*7). — In reply 
to my query I have received the following rhyme from Mr. A. 
Percival of Peterborough : — 

'* The Dragon's tame, fear him not 
As long as you've money to pay your shot ; 
When money's scarce and credit bad. 
That's what makes the Dragon mad." 

Mr. Percival states that "This was till recently on the sign-board 
of a house (The George and Dragon) at E^yt, near Peterborough, used 
as a beer-house, but now a cottage." 

Holmby Hottfo, Forest Gate. JoHN T. Page. 



The Lyne Family. 77 

442. — Ltne Family of Brixwurth, Northamptonshire. 
— John Lyne, m.a., ordained deacon 2jth September, 1692, was 
instituted to the vicarage of Brixworth, co. Northton, 29th September, 
1703 (see Clerical Institutions in the Public Record Office, vol. iv.),he 
died in the year 1735 and was buried in the church of Brixworth, 
March 27. He was also rector of Lamport, co. Northton, to which 
benefice he was presented by sir Justinian Isham, m.p., in 17195 he 
resigned this living in 1729. John Lyne married in 1705 Elizabeth 
Stoughton, spinster. The license bond at Peterborough is dated loth 
January, 1705. Allegation by John Lyne, clerk, of the parish of 
Brixworth, and Matthew Stoughton, of the parish of Rothwell. 

The following entries appear in the Brixworth registers, viz. : — 

Between the dates May 28 and Sep. 23, 1704. Ab adventu Jobannis 

Lyne Vicarii. 
'735 The Revd. Mr. John Lyne, Vicar of this Parish buried 

March 27 
1758 [new style] Feb. 12 Mrs. Elizabeth Lyne from West Haddon 

widow of the Reverend Mr. John Lyne who was several years 

Rector of Lamport 5 and Vicar of this Parish about 3 1 yeares. 

She was buried in the same grave that her husband was buried 

in, by ye entrance into ye Chancel 
1706 John, son of John Lyne, Vicar and Elizabeth his Wife B' 

March 27 Baptised April 5 
1708 Feb. 25 Mark and Luke, Twins, sons of John Lyne and 

Elizabeth his Wife 
1708 April 9 John son of John Lyne Vicar buried 
1708 Feb. 28 Mark and Luke sons of John Lyne Vicar buried 

After the death of John Lyne, administration was granted at 
Northampton to Eliz. Lyne, of Brixworth, widow, John Ekins, of 
Brixworth, yeoman, and William Gamall of the town of Northampton, 
gent. 

According to the Rugby School Register, Richard, son of the 
Rev. John Lyne of Brixworth was entered in 1723. The Rev. John 
F. Halford, the present vicar of Brixworth, has informed me that he 
cannot find any trace of an inscription to the memory of Mr. Lyne. 
The following entry is from Col. Chester's Oxford Matriculations^ 
MS., in 7 vols, 1565 to 1869, purchased, after the death of Col. 
Chester, by Mr. Hartley, and sold recently by Mr. Hartley's executors 
to Mr. Quaritch the bookseller, but now, I believe, in the possession 
of Mr. John Foster : — 

1687 July 7 John, son of Fish (Lyne) Oxford aged 17. Balliol 
Coll. B.A., 6 May, 1691. M.A., i March, 1693. 



78 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

I may mention that the transcript in tbe Gloucester Diocesan 
Registry, of the Register of Bishops Cleeve, from March 25, 169a, 
to March 25, 1693, is signed " Jo : Lyne, Curate/* 

The above-named Fish Lyne belonged to tbe parish of St. 
Michael's, Oxford. I find, by referring to Hearth Tax Rolls, under 
Oxford, that he paid such taxes in 1662, 14 Car. n. ; and also in 
1665, 17 Car. II. This Fish Lyne died some time about 1679, 
administration of his effects having been granted at Oxford in that 
year. The will of John Lyne, attorney-at-law, of £Ioxbam, Oxford- 
shire, has mention of Fish Lyne, viz. : — " To my cousin Mary, widow, 
late the wife of Fish Lyne, co. Oxon, gent, &c.*' 

In the Oxford Diocesan Registry there is a Marriage License 
Bond— Allegation by ffrancis Dumbleton of Sibford fferris, Oxford- 
shire, and ffish Lyne, citizan of Oxford, dated March, 1668, preliminary 
to the marriage of " Richard Dumbleton, son of Francis Dumbleton, 
of Swalclitfe and Mary Read of the same parish, to be married in the 
parish church of Swalcliffd." 

In stating these particulars, I beg to say that I am more especially 
desirous to ascertain the age of the before-named John Lyne, vicar, 
at the time of his death in 1735, in order to determine whether he 
was in reality identical with John, the son of Fish Lyne of Oxford ; 
if so he must have been 65 years of age when he died at Brixworth 
in the year 1735. 

Can any of your readers or contributors aid m€ in clearing up 

this point or favour me with particulars, additional to those I already 

possess and which I have noted above, respecting this Lyne family of 

Brixworth?. t> t? t 

^ ... Robert £dwin Lyne. 

Dublin. 

443.— Sir William Fermor (415).— Sir William Farmer 
was returned member for Bracklej borough, 1661 ;• but by order of 
the House, dated 18 July, 1661, his name w^as erased, and the 
separate Indenture by which sir Thomas Crewe, knight, had been 
returned was declared valid. It is sir Thomas Crewe's name that 
stands in the Parliamentary Register.t 

Major Farmer was sent in 1659 with a troop of horse to secure 
Carlisle for Monk, but failed in his mission; Elton, who commanded 
in the city, inducing the soldiers to keep him out. X 
^ Farliamentary Register, Containing List of the 24 Parliaments from 1660 .to 

1741. lAmdon, 1741. 
t FarliamenU of Englattdy part I., 626, (see Note 4). A Eetnnx of Members 

ordered by the House, March 9, 1877. 
} Bakef^i ChroniOe, page 666. Lofubm, 1679. 



Sir William Fermor. 79. 

The Fermor family were of Somerton, Oxfordshire.* William 
Fermor bought Easton, Northamptonshire, of Thomas Empson, 
1528. Sir William Fermor was created a baronet by Cuarles i., 164 1. 
His son of the same name was raised to the peerage, by the title of 
baron Lempster, 1692, and his son and successor Thomas was 
advanced to the dignity of Earl of Pomfret, 1721 .f 

Preston Deanery. W. Barton. 

Sir William Fermor, bart., eldest son of sir Hatton Fermor, by 
bis second wife Anna, daughter of sir William Cockain, lord mayor 
of London, was probably born at Easton Neston, somewhere about 
1623, the exact date I have not been able to ascertain. 1 he following 
account of him is taken from CoUins's Feerage of England, 181 a, 
vol. IV., pp. 204, 205. 

Which ** Sir William Fermor, Bart.J pursuing the steps of his 
ancestors, took up arms in defence of the Royal Party j and 
notwithstanding his youth, was honoured with the command of a 
troop of horse by Charles I., made one of the Privy-Chamber to the 
Prince bis son, and served them to the last with unshaken loyalty and 
honour. And with the same constancy and courage took his lot of 
suffering with them, until he and his family were very near ruined for 
their loyalty, as his ancestor Richard Fermor had been before for his 
religion. Among other hardships, he was obliged to compound § for 
his estate for 1400I. with the sequestrators. At last the scene changed, 
and he happily lived to see his Royal Master restored and crowned j and 
was elected a member for the town of Brackley, in Northamptonshire, 
in that Parliament which met at Westminster on May i8th, 1661 ;. 
but died of the small-pox on the [4th following : having been 
nominated one of the Knights of the Bath at the coronation of King 
Charles II. and catched that distemper in performing the ceremonies 
of the said order. Mary, his beloved wife, who survived him, died 
on July i8th, 1670, and was buried at Easton Neston; she was 
daughter of Hugh Perry, of London, Esq. and relict of Henry Noel, 
second son of Edward Viscount Camden : a matron venerable for 
virtue and piety ; a faithful sharer of all fortunes with him, and 
most affectionately careful of her children, who were very young 
at his death ; viz. William, created Lord Lempster j Henry, Charles, 
• History of Oxfordthire, See Somerton* 
t History of Northamptonshire. See Easton Neston. 

X He is called Baronet in his epitaph \ but I presume it was only a mistake- 

fov Knight Banneret, 
\ Zitt of Compounders, ed. 1655, in Letter F. 



8o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

George^ Richard, who all died at men*s estate, but uomarried ; also 
two daughters j Mary, who died young j and Anna, who was born 
after her father's death, and died unmarried at her house in 
Denmark-street, in the parish of St Giles in the Fields, in June, 
1740." J. T. 

Sir WillFam Fermor, M.P. for Brackley, 1661, was a royalist, and 
was one of those who compounded • for their estates with the 
sequestrators. His name occurs in a little book printed during the 
Commonwealth (and reprinted in 1773), of which the title-page is 
as follows : — 

'*A Catalogue of the Lords, Knights, and GenUemen, that have 
Compounded for their Estates. To which are Added. Some 
Gentlemens Names, which were Omitted in the former Edition. 
LoHDOv : Printed for Thomas Dring, 1666. LdA Cheiter : Reprinted bj B. Adftmt, 
17S3. (Price Bound Two Shillings.)" 

The entry above referred to occurs on page 38, and is as under :— 

Farmer Sir William of Easton-Measton, 

Northamptonshire, Baronet. 1400/. 005. ood. 

On the same page will also be found : — 

Farmer Lady Anne of Ashton- Fasten, 

Northamptonshire. 0840/. 005. ood. 

This was probably the mother of sir William, who survived her 
husband 25 years, and suffered many fines and confiscations 3 and 
Ashton-Easton is no doubt Ashton by Roade, lands in which parishes 
were granted to Richard Fermor in the 4th year of Edward vi. on 
the restoration (in part) of his estates, seized by Henry viii. on a 
praemunire, which restoration was in performance of a promise made 
by Henry on the intercession of Will Somers, the jester, according to 
the well-known story. F. T. 

444. — Pbterborouoh Church Plate. — Among the plate of 
Peterborough Cathedral are two large silver flagons, in height from 
bottom to top of lid ift. 2|in., and in diameter jiin. They bear 
the following inscription : — 

" Paulus Pyndar miles D.D. (Then the arms of the Chapter) anno 
salutis 1639." " Deo in Ecclesia sua Petri burgensi." 

The mint letter appears to be a sort of gothic A. From 
Bridges' History of Northamptonshire we learn that Sir Paul Pindar 

* Compounders. Those who, to esoape the fines levied by CromweU on 
Royalist estates (10 per cent) oomponnded with the Sequestrators by paying a 
certain sum in settlement. 



Pulpit at Fotheringhay. 



8i 



gave plate to another church in the county.* There is also at the 
cathedral a very large silver cup. It is not now used, though always 
placed on the table. It is pfln. high, 5! in. wide at top, and in 
depth, 5 Jin. This however is not inscribed as his gift. There is 
on it first the arms of the chapter, below which is inscribed : — 

''Deo in Ecclesia sua Petriburgeusi 1638." 

The mint letter A, lion, crowned leopard's head, and maker's 
name I. B. On the paten is also the same mint letter, arms, and 
inscription. This is 7|in. wide. J. T. I. 

445. — Pulpit at Fotheringhay. — This pulpit is well worthy 
of mention in these notes, as being a good example of a panelled oak 
pulpit of the Perpendicular style ; such pulpits being most uncommon 
in Northamptonshire. 

It was erected soon after the year 1440, when the body of the 
church was built. The form of the pulpit is hexagonal \ it is 

supported on one pillar, the lower 
portion is adorned with panels carved 
with the linen pattern in a single fold, 
the upper portion has small niches with 
tracery and small crocketed pinnacles 
at the angles, and in the centre of the 
sides. Above are the remains of the 
canopy, which was probably surmounted 
by a high crocketed pinnacle enriched 
with tracery, such as cover the bishop's 
throne and canons* stalls in many of 
our cathedrals. When the drawing of 
the pulpit was made the canopy was 
covered by a flat sounding board, erected 
in the time of the Reformation, in 
place of the old pinnacle which had 
been destroyed 5 this in its turn has 
been swept away, and a small modern 
embattled cornice placed over the 
original canopy. 

At the back of the pulpit is a shield 

of arms bearing France and England 

quarterly, surmounted by an imperial 

crown, and supported on the dexter side by a lion rampant quadrant 

for the Earldom of March, and a bull for Clare \ and on the 

• See *' N. N. & Q." vol. i., pp. 169, 160. 

II 




83 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

sinister side by a hart, shewing the descent from Richard II. wb«? 
took that device, and by a boar for the honour of Windsor possessed 
by Richard III., the silver boar being his badge. Gray in his 
lamoos ode of ** The Bard " alludes to the murder of the Princes, 
and characterises Richard by this animal, saying : — 

" Above, below, the roee of snow, 
Twin'd with her bloBhing foe we spread : 
The bristled boar in infant-gore 
Wallows beneath the thorny shade;" 

The whole was most carefully cleaned and restored by archdeacon 
Bonney, who mentioned in his Historic Notices of Fotkeringhay 
that sufficient parts remained of the bull of Clare to justify a 
restoration, but that of the hart he could not speak with so much 
certainty. 

These arms and supporters were used by the royal family in 
England from about 1405 to 1603 with but slight variations ; they 
were however^ more especially the arms of Edward iv., and it is 
possible that the pulpit was presented to the church by him, altliough 
it seems of rather an earlier date. 




The sketch shews the arms as they now appear, but the original 
colouring has been destroyed, so that it is at the present time 
impossible to shew 

*' All the devices blaason'd on the shield 
In their own tinct." 

When the canopy was restored by archdeacon Bonney, some of 
the ancient gilding that covered that part was discovered, but now the 
whole of the outside of the pulpit has been painted, grained, and 
varnished^ and this greatly detracts from the beauty of the work ; 



Northamptonshire Briefs. 83 

where the oak can be seen it appears as sound and bard as the day it 
was first cut, but the carving of the details was never very fine, and 
they are now much blunted by varnish and age. 

The pulpit is attached to the north-east pillar of the church, as 
shewn in the plate, but it is now entirely surrounded by high-backed 
pews, with a kind of reading desk and clerk*s pew at the side, the 
clumsy arrangement of the steps leading to the pulpit shew that they 
are not original, and no doubt the pulpit has been removed at some 
time and placed in its present position. 

The engraving of the pulpit was printed 10 Memoirs 9/ Gothic 
Churches (Fotbertnghay), Oxford, 184 1; also ia Parker's Glossary 
of Terms used in Gothic Architecture : and the engraving is used 
by permission of Mr. Parker. C. A. Markham. 

446. — NoRTHAMrroNSHiRB Briefs (25, 78, 97, 106, a6o, 
S45). — ^The following entries taken from two Kentish Brief Books 
flaay be added to the list of Northamptonshire briefs : — 

St. Peter's, Canterbury. 
Towcester lost by fire 1057/. and vpwards. Rec'd this Breef Apr ill 

y« aa* 1707. Colected for Towcester Breefe . . • y* sum 

of three shills and two peace. 
1728. Aug^ 25 Hi n ton in the Hedges in Com Northton Loss by 

Fire 1122/. and upwards. Collected on this Breif 2r. 
Charing. 
Towcester. Loss by fire 1057/. & upwards. This brief was read in 

y« Parish Church of Charing in y* County of Kent June 5th, 

1 707, and collected thereon y* sum of two shillings and three 

pence. 
Thrapston. Loss by Fire 3748/. Read Oct. 25 17 19 and collected 

thereon is. ii\d. 
Staverton. Loss by Fire 2009/. Read July 5 1724 and collected 

thereon is, ^d, 
Hinton in ye Hedges. Loss by Fire 1122/. Read June 2 1728 and 

collected thereon 25. %\d. 
Bozeat. Loss by Fire 2697/. Read Nov. 21 1731 and collected 

thereon is, ltd. 
Pemb. CoU., Cunb. WlLLIAM CoWPBR. 

447. — Books of Maris Stuart (Queen of Scots). — In an 
article on " Ancient Bindings *' which appeared in the Bookbinder for 
January last, it is stated that Marie Stuart had no particular emblem, 
Imt simply had her books bound in black as a sign of mourning and 

^l^ 



84 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

imprison meat ; most of them were religious works. Two or three 
are mentioned, one. in the library at Lille, in the original binding of 
t>lack morocco, is an Office of the Virgin, Paris, 1574. Another was 
found at Niort, taken there by a descendant of the Scotchman 
Blackwood; and a Bible with an inscription in Marie Stuart's own 
hand was sold at the Sylvester sale in 181 1. It would be interesting 
to know if any books which belonged to Marie during her imprison- 
ment at Fotheringhay are in existence. £. S. 

448. — Master Thomas Ball, Minister (362). — I take it for 
granted that it was a mere slip of the pen which gave rise to the 
statement that John Ball was the author of Tke Life of Dr. John 
Preston. All the authorities whom I have been able to consult 
assign the work to Thomas Ball, vicar of All Saints*, Northampton ^ 
a short account of whose life may fitly be given in these pages. 

He was born in 1590, at Aberbury, in Shropshire, his parents 
being described as persons of good and honest repute. After 
spending two years as usher in the then famous school of Mr Puller, 
at Epping, in Essex, he entered Queen's College, Cambridge, in 16 15,. 
and became M. A. in 1625. He became a pupil of Dr. John 
Preston, and between- master and scholar there existed an intimate 
and enduring friendship, due in the first instance to a sermoa 
preached by Dr. Preston, on the doctrine of the Trinity. The views 
put forward by the preacher troubled the mind of Thomas Ball so 
much that he sought an interview, at which the elder man was so 
struck with the manner in which the young enquirer urged his 
difficulties^ that he ever afterwards made him his especial friend. 
When Dr. Preston became master of Emmanuel, Thomas Ball went 
with him and became a Fellow of the great Puritan College, where 
he had an almost incredible number of pupils. In July, 1628, he 
became M. A. of Oxford by incorporation, and some two years later 
accepted a call to All Saints*, Northampton. Here he remained till: 
1659, but, if I remember rightly, the All Saints' Vestry Book tells us 
that though he did not resign the living, he retired from the active 
discharge of his duties some time before his death, and the 
parishioners and he made an agreement concerning a substitute. 
After the death of Dr. Preston, his life " interwoven " so Fuller says, 
'• much with Church and Slate matters was so well written by his 
pupil. Master Thomas Ball, that all additions thereunto may seem 
carrying of coals to Newcastle." Baker (History of Northants, vol. u 
p. 192) states that two lives were written, the one by Thomas Ball, 
and the other by Dr. Clarke 5 but this seems to be an error, for at the 



A Relic of Dr, Doddridge, 85 

end of the account of Dr. John Preston, given in Dr. Samuel Clarke's 
Lives of Thirty-two English Divines,pp. 75-114 (3rd edition, 1677) it 
is stated " This life was written by my Reverend Friend, Master 
Thomas Ball, of Northampton '*; and the differences between this 
version of" the life, and that edited by E. W. Harcourt, M.P. in 1885, 
appear to be confined to a few words. Mr. Ball also published 
Pastorum propugnacuLum, or the pulpites patronage against the force 
of unordained usurpation and invasion, in four parts (London, 1656) ; 
and in conjunction with Dr. Goodwin edited Dr. Preston's unpublished 
works. He was three times married and had a large family ; he was 
buried at Northampton, June 21, 1659, '*at which time his intimate 
acquaintance, ^ohn Howes, M.A. (sometimes of Emmanuel College) 
Rector of j4bbington near Northampton, preached his Funeral Sermon, 
wherein were several matters delivered in commendation of Mr, 
Bali."' This sermon, which contained notes of Mr. Ball's life, was 
published under the title of Real Comforts, and dedicated to Mrs. 
Susanna Griffith, daughter to Mr. Ball and wife of Mr. Thomas 
Griffith, of London, Merchant. This is said to be an extremt-ly rare 
work, and I do not find it in the Cambridge Library. I have a note 
that the All Saints' Register records the burials of Dorothy, wife of 
Thomas Ball, clerk, on June lo, 1631 j and of Jane Ball, (wife of the 
same) on November 19, 16.35; ^nd also the baptism of Ruth, 
daughter of Thomas Ball, clerk, and Jane his wife, on September 4, 
1634. Many other entries concerning him and his family are 
doubtless to be found in this Register. 

Authorities consulted : — Wood's Fasti Oxon., vol. i. pp. 805, 
861, (ed. 1691). Fuller's f^orthies, p. -291, (ed. 1662). Dictionary 
of National Biography, vol. in., article on Thomas Ball, by A. B. 
Grosart. Bridge's History of Northamptonshire, vol. i. p. 524. 
Baker, loc, cit, 

Pomb. Coll., Cambridge. Willi AM CowPER. 

449. — A Relic of Dr. Doddrii>ge. — A little volume bought at 
the sale of the effects of the late Dr. DuUey, at Wellingborough, has 
a special local interest in that it was once the property of one of the 
best-known amongst Northampton notabilities— the celebrated Dr» 
Doddridge, whose autograph appears on the title-page, with the date 
1727. Apart from this, however, the book is worth notice as being 
an early edition of the famous Dance of Death, first published at 
Lyons in 1538, with a series of fine woodcut illustrations generally- 
attributed to Hans Holbein, who, if he engraved as well as <lesigned 
these little pictures, must be regarded as a past master in the art of 



86 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

wood engraving, apart from his skill as a painter. The designs 
originally numbered fifty-three, of which this particular edition 
contains forty-two, each one occupying a page, with a motto above 
and explanatory rhymes below (both in Latin). As the illustrations 
themselves are well known from frequent reproductions it is unneces- 
sary to say anything in explanation of them, but perhaps a 
transcript of the titlepage will be read with interest : — 

IMAGINES 
MORTIS 

BIS ACCEB8BRV1IT, 

xnoBAXXATA, i OftUioo idiomate ^ osob 
oio Asmuo m Latmum tranalata. 

AD HAXO, 

VBDioiNA AiriXAB, tam ij8 qui firma quim 
qui adnena oorporis naletudine pnediti sunt, ma 
xim^ neoessaria. 
B A T I o ooosolandi ob morbi granitatem pericu- 
lo0^ deoumbentes. 

avAX hifl addita annt, aequeoB pagina 
oommonstrabit. 

[Emblematio Design— Grab and butterfly on an 
elaborately oarved shield.] 

LVODVNI, 8VB 80VTO 
OOLONIBirBI. 154^. 

Lugdunij it may be mentioned, is the ancient form of Lyons, the 
Imagines Mortis here given being a Latin translation from the 
original French. The colophon is as follows : — 

Lngdnni, 

Excndebant loan- 

nes & Francisous 

Frellonii, fratres. 

1645 

It should be added that there are several very pretty initial letters, 
which are also regarded as the work of Holbein. The binding is a 
curio^ty in itself, the outer cover consisting of leather stamped with 
the initials G. B. on back and front, the usual mill-board being 
replaced by a folded sheet of a Missal, printed in Black letter, with 
red initials, etc., while the fly-sheet at each end is a fragment of a 
manuscript on vellum. vSeveral specimens of early caligraphy occor 
on the title-page and at the end of the volume,^ which, with the 
exception of names, etc., is entirely printed in italic characters. 

F.T, 



Prayer of Mary Queen of Scots. 87 

450, — Balaam's Ass Sunday. — In Notes and Queries, 7th S. v. 
426, the Rev. A. W. Cornelius Hallen writes as auder : — 

" In two districts at least in Gloucestershire it was the custom 
fifty years ago for the people of the neighbouring parishes to throng 
to Randwich Church, near Stroud, and to Hawkesbury Church, near 
Chipping Godbury, on the second Sunday after Easter, when the 
story of Balaam was read in the lesson for the day. Probably this 
was a relic from the days of miracle plays. On this day not only the 
church, but even the churchyard of the two privileged places was 
often thronged. Doubtless the custom prevailed elsewhere, and 
churchwardens' accounts might throw some light on the origin of it." 

Is there any record of a similar observance in Northamptonshire ? 

H. A. T. 

451. — Pratbr op Mary Queen of Scots. — At the 
Tercentenary of Mary Queen of Scots Exhibition at Peterborough, 
1887, was exhibited by Mr. A. Walker a copy, with the music, of the 
following beautiful lines, said to have been repeated by Mary Queen of 
Scots, from a small office book, before her execution at Fotheriughay. 

O Boznine Beus, speravi in Te, 
O care mi Jesu, nuno libera me ; 
In dura catena, in misera poBna, 
O dalds nd Jesn, deaidero Te ; 
Languendo, gemendo, et genufleotendo, 
Adoro, imploro, at liberee me. 

Cbonis of Women Attendants (trio). 

Amen. 
Exaudi, O Jesu, infelioem Maiiam. 
Langnentem, gementem, et genufleotentem, 
Exaudi et libera infelioem Mariam. 
O Jesu, caie Jesu, 
Exaudi et libera infelioem Mariam. Amen. 

The following translation of the prayer is taken from archdeacon 
Bonney's Folheringhay : — 

O Lord my Gk>d, I have relied in Thee, 
Now, O dear Jesu, set me, set me free ; 
In chains, in pains, long have I wished for Thee, 
Faint, and with groans, I, bowing on my knee, 
Adore, implore Thee, Lord, to set me free. 

452, — The Northamptonshire Hoard. — I should be glad if 
any of your correspondents could give particulars of the hoard of 
coins found in Northamptonshire in 1873, a notice of which occurs in 
The Numismatic Magazine (Catling and Ranson, Bury-St -Edmunds) 
for May, 1887. , Numismatist. 



88 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

453. — Monumental Inscriptions from othbr Counties 
(27, 126, 181, 354). — The following further coramunications have 
reached us : — 

Holbeach, Lincolnshire. 

" To the Memory of Edward Worley, son of George Worley and 
Judith his wife 5 bom at Little Houghton, in Northamptonshire, 
Feb. 5, 1738-9. Died of Small-pox in this Parish, Oct. 26, 1763. 

" A youth of distinguished Abilities, of a most obliging & sweet 
Disposition; and of whom his Friends had justly conceiv'd the 
greatest hopes." 

In the Register he is described as Edward Worley, Gent., steward 
to the Earl of Buckinghamshire. 

Holbeach. F. HemmanS. 

All Saints,' Hastings. 

" Sacred to the Memory of Mary Anne, eldest daughter of the 
Revd. Richard Williams, Rector of Great Houghton, Northampton- 
shire. She died at Hastings, after a short but severe illness, October 
21, 1822. Aged 38 years." 

" To the Memory of Bridget Cartwright, Daughter of William 
Cartwright, Esqr. of Aynho, in the county of Northampton ; who 
departed this Life at this Place on the 4th Day of August, 1794, 
in the 42 d year of her age." 

Littlebury, Essex. 
" Here lyeth the body of Jane, the Wyfe of Henrye Bradburrye, 
Gent,' Daughter of one Gyles Poulton, of Desborough, in the Countie 
of Northampton, Gent,* whoe in her lyfe not onlye lyved vertuouslye, 
but fynished her daies with fayth in Christ most Joyfullye. She died 
the third of August, 1J78; And had Issue of her bodye by 3^ said 
Henry : William, Marye Ann, and Elizabeth." 

Brass, black letter, with female figure, loose in the church chest, 
June, 1885. 

Stretham, Cambridgeshire. 

"Neare this place lyeth buried the Body of y« Ladie Mary Walker, 
Widow and Relict of Sr. Walter Walker, Knt. Dr. of Lawes ] who 
was the eldest Daughter of George Lynn, of South wick, in the 
County of Northampton, Esqr. She died y* i6th day of November, 
1 69 1. Aged 75." 

E. wall of N. A. 

Cambridge. R- H. Edleston. 



,^Lg^TH£R 1 HG.H ArM^'T. 




A Bank Holiday Ramble, 89 

454.— The "Beautiful Misses Gunning."— I should be glad 
to have some account of the ladies known as the htaui'iful MisseS 
Gunning. Were they of the Horton family of that name, and is 
there any portniit of either or all of them in existence ? Peril aps some 
reader of " N. N. & Q." can enlighten me. 

Northainpton. M. L. W. 

455. — A Bank-Holiday Ramble in North-Northampton- 
shire. —Early in August of last year — a delightful summer day — a 
party of Northampton friends made a long-contemplated visit to 
fiamwell and Futhcringhay ; two places which must be ever full of 
charm to lovers of the quietly picturesque, independent of their ^reat 
historical and antiquarian interest. Arriving at Barnwell St. Andrews 
while the day was yet young, we at once made our way to the 
church, passing en route a quaint old-fashioned cottage of which I 
secured a hasty sketch. The first glance at the church is sufficient 
to show that it is well worth inspection, the graceful spire and highly 
decorated tower- windows at once claiming attention. The main 
portion of the building is early English in character, but insertions 
of later date are to be seen in various parts. The interior has 
recently been well restored, and a new organ chamber added on 
the north side of the chancel. The following brief description, taken 
from the MS. History of Barnwell, by John Cole, (now in the 
possession of Mr. T. J. George, of the Northampton Public Library) 
will probably be read with interest : — 

" The church consists of an early English tower and spire, nave, 
north and south aisles, chancel, and two porches. The windows of 
the tower are much ornamented. They are of two lights, trefoil 
headed, divided by a grooved pillar, having a serrated moulding. Tlie 
head is filled up with a quatrefoil, enclosed in a similar ornament. 
The toothed moulding occurs in the head, as also the serrated pattern. 
The inner door of the south porch is beautifully enriched with 
mouldings of the toothed ornament in a double series. The north 
porch is used as a vestry. The mouldings of the dcx/r are composed 
of the ball-flower and expanded leaves ; it has a moulded tablet. 1 he 
south door of the chancel has a circular-headed, depressed arch with 
cylindrical pillars. The north door (not the porch) has a bold 
strongly-recessed arch, with dripstone rising from carved heads. The 
capitals of the pillars are large and composed of foliage, originating 
from the mouth of a large head in the central division of tLe two 
columns, which are connected by the same ornament. The keystone 
of the arch represents a monstrous baboon-shaped head, holding his 
bent legs by a sort of claw. I'he perpendicular windows of the 
chancel are fine, having remains of stained glass. A window on the 

12 



90 Northampionshire Notes and Queries. 

north side, whose head is filled up with a Catherine- wheel of stained 
glass, is pleasingly effective. The very large east window is perpen- 
dicnlar, the lower portion filled up with good masonry. Several of 
the corbel heads, particularly those on the south side, are of the most 
hideous form that can be well imaginod, but well wrought ; oihers 
are curious in their details. Much of the exterior is shrouded in ivy. 

"The interior is kept in a state of commendable neatness, and 
contains many interesting architectural features. The aisles are 
divided from the nave by three pointed arches supported by clustered 
columns. An arch of larger span separates nave from chancel, this 
arch rising from a series of three shoit cylindrical columns, with 
bold capitals and mouldings. The clerestory windows are of two 
lights, trefoil headed. The south inner door of the chancel, and tiie 
northern one, opening into the vestry, are singularly but effectively 
composed of the bell windows of the second story of the demolished 
church of Barnwell All Saints. On the south side of the chancel are 
sedilia of perpendicular cl^racter, ogee headed and the arch crocketted, 
having groined roofs. In one of the south windows of the chancel 
are portions of painted glass representing ecclesiastics with mitres."* 

This manuscript history of Barnwell contains a number of clever 
sketches, in pencil and water-colour, of the church and other 
buildings, sucli as the Latham hospital, the castle, and schools. 

Amongst other interesting features of the interior may be 
mentiijued a curious canopied niche on a pillar near the pulpit, the 
purpose of which it is diflficult to conjecture. At the east end of the 
north aisle is an early reredos, consisting of three ogee headed 
arches, with crockets and fi uials. The stonework between the 
pillars has been recently pierced to admit light and air to the new 
organ chamber, where there is a portion of a squint or hagioscope, 
■which has been partially obscured by the east wall of the new 
building, in which has been inserted a small window of two lights 
that formerly belonged to the demolished church of Barnwell All 
Saints, and which for many years lay in the rectory garden. Near 
the chancel arch, opening from the south aisle, is a small door of rude 
workmanship which formerly gave entrance to the rood loft, while in 
the adjoining aisle are some fragments of the stone stairs leading 
thereto. At the east end of this aisle are some fragments of an 
altar-piece of perpendicular character, brought from the ruined 
church of All Saints, the centre being filled by a small window, and 
in the south wall a pi.scina and a ** leper** window. Many of the 
windows are filled with modern stained glass, and the whole of the 

* Several alterations from the above description were made during the 

restoration. 



A Bank Holiday Ramble. 91 

seats, etc., are modern also. The pulpit is old, and shows some very 
fair Jacobean carving. The church is 77ft. jin. in length and 42ft. 
ain. wide. , 

Of the monuments, by far the most interesting is that 
of " Parson Latham," now in the organ chamber. As this 
deserves fuller mention I append a description taken from Bridges' 
Nnrihampionshire, vol. ii. p. 394: — " A monument of Kaunds stone 
painted : at theiop are these Arms, Or, on a chiff indented azure three 
roundlets gules. Crest, /in Eagle standing on a cradle Or, therein a 
Child proper. Under an arch in the wall, is painted the busto * of a 
divine in bis habit, holding in his hands a book on a table before 
him. On the freeze below is inscribed. Mors te omni loco expeclat, 
tu ergo illain omni expecta. And on a black marble tablet, between 
the arms and busto, this inscription : 

*' Here Ijeth the body of Nicholas Latham borne in Brigstock grete park. 
Being the Monne of John Latham g^ntl. keeper of the said parke, which 
NiuhoIa9 was parson of thin church onlie by the 8pace of fiftie & one yeares 
having noe other dignitio or lands or goods left him by his auncestors during 
which time he diligentlie fedd his flock wtb spiritual & bddily food. Hee 
bnilded 2 hospitals, one in Bamewell for 14 poore people & one in Oundle 
for 18 poore widdowes. Hee founded 5 free schooles for yong^e children, one in 
Barnwell, one in Oundle, one in Hemington, one in Weeklie, & one in 
Brigstock, & gave mani other charitable gifts, as charitable exhibition to 2 
Schollers in Cambridge, repayr of bridges and high way en, relief to such as 
have losses, & yearlie clothing to 45 poore children All which dee amount 
to the Valew of three hundred pounds by the year for ever. When he was 46 
years of age he married Marie Foster the daughter of Keurie Foster of Burwast 
[Burwash] in Sussex yeoman by whome he had one sunne which died an infant. 
This worthi pastor departed this life the 4 daye of August in the year of his 
age 72. Anno Domini 1620." 

This inscription has been replaced by one io modern spelling. 

On the south wall of the chancel is a small brass bearing the 
inscription : — " Here lyeth John Orton, first warden of Parson 
Latham's Hospitall^ who dyed the 25th day of July, i6oj, in the 
year of his age 101.'* Another brass is engraved with figures of a 
man and woman, in the habit of the times, praying at a desk ; 
bfchind the man are four sons, and behind the woman four daughters, 
also praying. This is in memory of Christopher Freeman, who died 
on the 1 2th of December, j6io, aged 51 years. 

The font is octagonal, the sides bearing arches enriched by 
crockets and fiuials, the style being similar to that of the reredos in 
the north aisle. The register dates from 1558. 

Returning to the churchyard, I found to the north of the church 
two ancient stone coffiu-iids, one having on it a fine floriated cross and 
* The bust has now been relieved of tho paint. 

12 * 



92 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the other decorated with scroll-work much defaced. For some 
unk.iDwn reason these are placed over the graves of Richard Boultbee, 
late rector of Barnwell, and Rosalind his wife, who died respectively 
on April 8 and August 23, 1874. These interesting stones, I 
presume, are memorials of some religious foundation which once 
existed at Barnwell. 

Glancing over the exterior of the church one immediately 
notices in the second stage of the tower, on the south side, a round 
window of very pleasing design, the ornamentation being similar to 
that of the b3lfry windows above. It is strange that John Cole 
should have made no mention of so characteristic a feature. The 
church is to a great extent covered with ivy, which certainly adds to 
its picturesque appearance. The entrance to the rectory garden is 
through a gothic doorway of geometrical design, on either side of 
which are one or two small windows of similar character. From the 
churchyard a pleasant pathway, delightfully shaded by numerous trees, 
leads over a bridge of a single arch to the precincts of the castle, 
which is situaced in the garden belonging to the fine old house 
occupied by the courteous agent to the duke of Buccleuch, from 
whom the key of the entrance gate of the castle is readily obtained. 
Standing solitary and majestic on a mound of emerald turf, and 
surrounded by a trimly-kept garden and luxuriant foliage, the castle 
makes a goodly picture. Bridges, the old county historian, speaking 
of Barnwell says : '* In the reign of Hen. I. a castle was built here by 
Reginald le Moine, the remains uf which now standing are tour round 
bastions, a great gateway to the south-east, a small door on the west, 
with doors into the bastions, and door-cases still intirc. The walls, 
which are about three feet thick, are yet subsisting, except on the 
western side, the middle part of which is open. Lord Chief 
Baron Montague resided here about thirty-five years ago [1791]: 
since that tinit it hath been in a great measure demolished. On the 
Castle-hill, where the out-houses were supposed to have stood, is a 
dwelling house or two, in one of which Mr. Hunt lives. Rector of 
Barnwell-All-Saints. It is situated high, and overlooks the country 
to the norih-vvfst. At the foot of Castle-hill is a water, arising from 
adjacent springs." 

Apropos to Reginald le Moine and the castle I may mention a 
curious little p;ui)plilet of ten pages, printed by Wilkin, of Oundle, 
and entitled Blutk Bfrengarius ; a Legend of Barnwell Caslle, In 
this strange story of love and jealousy the chief actors are Reginald 
le Moigiie and his two sons, Berengarius and "Wintner, and the scene 
is at Harnwell, which according to the tale almost rivalled in marvels 
the celebrated castle of Otranto. 



A Bank Holiday Ramble. 93 

An engraving of this still imposing ruin vas published by Samuel 
and Nathaniel Buck in J72Q. There is little apparent change in the 
fabric of the castle since that time, except that the opening shown in 
the western wall has been built up. The space inclosed by the walls 
is now an orchard, and would make, I should fancy, a very enjoyable 
place for a picnic on a hot summer*s day. Some of the bastions 
contain small chambers still entire, having vaulted roofs, and lighted 
by narrow loopholes widely splayed to the interior. The principal 
entrance is flanked by a tower similar to those at the angles. The 
mas )nry is in remarkably good preservation and the work as sharp as 
if of recent date. The accompmying plate is a reduced facsimile of 
the view above-mentioned. 

A stone staircase within the quadrangle leads to the top of the 
walls, whence, from amidst a luxuriant growth of greenery, a wide 
expanse of country may be viewed. Visitors making their way to 
this elevated outlook will note there many varieties of wild flowers, 
ferns, and lichens. 

Time, however, bids us hasten our departure, so making a 
hurried tour of the village I note, near the entrance to the churchyard, 
the girFs school erected at the cost of William Bigley, a native of 
Barnwell, who, *'a^ ancient legends tell," started from the village in 
early life a needy adventurer, and having amassed a considerable 
fortune left funds for the erection and endowment of a girl's school 
in bis native place. 

A little further on is the Latham hospital, one of parson Latham's 
munificent gifts. A Tudor door gives entrance to the courtyard, 
round which the dwellings are arranged. The above-mentioned door 
has a triangular pediment, and bears the date 1601 and the words 
'* Cast thy bread uppon the waters." Rebuilt in 1876, largely at the 
expense of the duke of Buccleuch, who contributed j£i20o. 

The free school for boys, founded by Nicholas Latham, has been 
superseded by a new school for both boys and girl:«, built by the duke 
of Buccleuch at a cost of about dliooo, the old school now being 
used as a cottage. 

At Barnwell All Saints' only the chancel of the church remains 
and now serves as a mortuary chapel. It contains many monuments 
of the Montague family. 

Leaving Barnwell about 1.30 we proceeded to Oundleby train and 
thence walked, by way of Cotterstock and Tansor, to Pothering hay. 
One object of our visit here was to witness a series of tableaux 
vivants illustrating the life of Mary Queen of Scots, produced in 
commemoration of the three hundredth anniversary of her execution. 



94 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

A large barn adjacent to the castle hill had been fitted up for the 
purpose, and a numerous company assembled to witness this 
interesting display, the scenes depicted being as under : — 

1 Garden of French Convent, ▲.!>. 1657 : Mary Queen of Soots and four 

noble maidens. 

2 Court of France, April 24, 1558 : Marriage of Mary and the Dauphin. 
8 Palace at Holyrood : Queen Mary disturbed at supper ; ' Hizzio's 

murder, March 9th, 1566. 

4 Lochleven Castle : Abdication of Queen Mary, July 24, 1567. 

5 Fotheringhay Castle: Mary going to her trial, October 14, 1586. 

6 Fotheringhay Cantle : The last New Year's £ve, December 31, 1586. 

7 Fotheringhay Castle : Queen Mary pledging her attendants, February 

7, 1687. 

8 F(.theringhay Castle : The great Hall— the Scaffold, February 8, 1587. 

9 Robert Scarlett, the famous old sexton of Peterborough Cathedral. 

Each tableau was shown in two positions, and the whole were 
greatly applauded. In the intervals of the representation " Cuthbert 
Kede " gave one or two expliinatory readings from his recently - 
published work, entitled Fuiheuftghat/ and Maty Queen of Scots. 

This important episode ended we were at liberty to look about us. 
Of the ca*"tle there are positively nu remains, unless a shapeless mass of 
masonry near the river side can be so called. But one may sit and 
dream on the mound where stood the stately keep, built in the form 
of a fetterlock, and there even now the emblematic thistle grows, a 
living link between to-day and the tragedy of long ago. Presently 
turning our steps towards the church, we paused for a moment to 
admire the stately fragment known as the New Inn, and ere long 
stood beneath the lofty roof of the spacious building Erected by the 
dukes of York. The general character of the architecture of the 
church is perjxjndicular, some exceptions occurring in the mouldings 
and piers, probably caused by the present church being copied from 
the choir built by Edmund of Langley, in the latter half of the 
fourteenth century. 

The present church consists of nave and aisles, with a square 
tower and octagonal lantern, and a large north porch with an upper 
chamber. Pinnacles surmount the buttresses along the aisles, and 
flying buttresses on either side support the clerestory. The appearance 
of the church from the exterior is by no means pleasing, owing to 
its want of length. The octagonal lantern surmounting the tower is, 
however, sufficiently graceful. 

There are several ancient stones in the church which mark the 
graves of ecclesiastics and others, but the brasses which once 
represented their effigies have long since disappeared. The pulpit is 
original and elaborately carved. Some of the stalls formerly in the 



The Paptllons and Northamptonshire. 95 

chancel are now in the neighbouring churches of Hemiugton and 
Tansor, and are decorated with the rose, the fetterlock, and a knot. 
On either side of the communion table are monuments erected by 
Queen Elizabeth to her ancestors, the dukes of Yoric, originally 
buried in the collegiate church, and removed hither by her order. 
They are heavy, tasieless erections, ornamented with the falcon and 
fetterlock. That on the south side has within a border of 
characteristic Elizabethan ornament, a shield bearing France and 
England quarterly, with a label of five points, for Edward duke of 
York,.who was killed at Agincourt j while that on the north, an exact 
counterpart of the other, has France and England quarterly, with a label 
of five points, impaling a saltire, surmounted by a ducal coronet, for 
Richard duke of York, who was killed at Wakefield. Over each of 
these monuments is a wcoden tablet, the one on the south reading: — 

" Edward Duke of York was slain at the Battle of Agincourt in 
the 3rd year of Henry 5th, 1415. These monuments were made in 
the Year of our Lord 1575.*' 

On the other is : — 

"Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, Nephew to Edward, Duke 
of York, and Father to King Edward 4th, was slain at Wakefield, in 
the 37th Year of Henry 6th, 1459 > ^"^ ^^^^ buried here with Cecily 
his Wife. Cecily Duchess of York, Daughter to Ralph Neville first 
Earl of Westmorland.'* 

A lofty arch at the west end of the nave opens into the tower, 
within which is the font. The bason is octagonal, adorned with 
grotesque heads and foliage within gothic compartments; this is 
supported by a short octagonal pillar and elevated upon two steps. 
The dome under the tower is decorated with elegant fan-tracery. 
The roof is original, ornamented at the intersection of the timbers 
wiih carved foliage. 

The fullest and most interesting account of Fotheringhay generally 
is that of " Cuthbert Bede," in his Fotheringhay and Mary Queen of 
Scots, published by Mr. A. King, Oundle, 1886, by whose permission 
the engraving of Fothermghay is given. 

Northampton. F. A. ToLE. 

456. — The Papillons and Northamptonshire. — During 
last year, 1887, there appeared an interesting volume, entitled 
Memoirs of Thomas PapiUon of London, Merchant^ 1623- 1702. By 
A. F. W. Papillon, a lineal descendant. The book was printed at 
Reading, by Joseph J. Beecroft. The subject of the Memoirs was a 
great-grandson of Thomas Papillon who was massacred at Paris on 
S. Bartholomew's day, August 24, 1572. 



96 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

David Papillon, grandson of the martyr and father of Thomas, 
was brought to England in 1588, at seven years of age. The vessel 
in which they came was wrecked near Hythe on the coast of Kent. 
The boy*s mother was drowned, but he and two sisters were saved. 
In the few facts given in the life 6f David Papillon there are two 
incidentally connected with Northamptonshire ; one of these relates 
to the county town, the other is identified with the famous puritan, 
Robert Bolton of Broughton, near Kettering, author of The Four 
Last Things. 

David Papillon was by profession a military engineer and architect. 
In 1645 he pubhshed a work on Fortification, and advocated the use 
of detached forts on commanding positions. In a future part will be 
given some particulars of his proposed fortification of Northampton, 
with facsimile of his plan. 

The reference to the puritan Bolton is as follows : — 

" In 1635 Papillon translated into French three works of the 
Puritan divine, Bolton ; one of them being Comfort to the yifflicted; 
and by his will, executed the same year, he bequeathed ^50 for their 
publication, provided they should be deemed worthy of it by his 
brother-in-law, Caesar Calandrini, Minister of the Flemish Church in 
London, and by two French ministers at Geneva. Whether they 
were ever sent to the press does not appear." 

From another p;iragraph it appears that David Papillon and his 
wife resided at one time at Northampton ; this fact, with their 
religious tendencies, would account for their appreciation of Bolton's 
works. Their sons, Philip, r^eorge and Thomas, were sent "to a 
school of good repute at Drayton, Northamptonshire.** 

This Thomas Papillon was one of the adventurers for raising stock 
for setting the poor French Protestants on work at Ipswich on the linen 
manufacture, and for some time acted as treasurer to the scheme. 
Amongst the subscribers to this fund were Henry [Compton] bishop 
of London, and sir Robert Cl^Iayton ; also one Thomas Sheppeard, 
of whom I should be glad to have further information. Was he a 
member of the Towcester family ? 

The only daughter, Anne, born in London in 1626, was twice 
married J first to William Brudenell, of Glaston, Rutlandshire, and 
secondly to Everard Fawkner, of Bulwick, Northamptonshire, by 
whom she had three sons, Anthony, Everard, and John, and one 
daughter, Elizabeth. 

These notes are given by kind permission of Major Papillon of 
Reading, author of above memoirs. .^ p 

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\.^,£^' :-' ' .\ ^ . . - -'^ There is a power ^ rr^"^^ 

And:yntrg\c in the ruin'd battlement, *^ -J 3 • /y 

For which the palace of the present hour ( j\, ^f i /' \ ^ 

Alust yield its pomp, and wqit till ages are its chwer. J /: ■'/ 

Byron, Childe Harold. ' - 

The present is founded on the past, and is inseparably connected with it ; 
neither can it be properly understood or fully appreciated^ and certainly no ' 
idea of the progress of civilization can be arrived at, unless there is an • 
intimate acquaintance with the history of the past. 

John Batty, f.r.h.s. 

Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 

DEVOTED TO 

The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c., of the County. 

Contents. 



457 Knight, of Slapton, co. Korthants. 
468 The Fortification of Horthampton, 
1645 (illuatraiions) 

459 A SoYonteenth Century Mendicant 

460 '' The Beaatifnl MiBses Gunning " 

461 The Knights Templars and Korth- 

Umpton 

462 " Naseby Cld Man " 

463 Monumental Inscriptions from other 

Counties 

464 Old Wine Glasses and Goblets 

465 Wakerley Parish Kegisters 

466 Local Dialect 

467 Weldon Stone fillmtrationj 



468 The Poulton Monument in ])esboro' 

Church ft Uustra t ion J 

469 Brass of Jane, daughter of Gyles 

Poulton, of Desborough 

470 Lord Althorpe and the Leather Tax 

471 A Bental of the Manor of Towcester, 

1609 

472 Letter of the Farl of Northampton 

473 Travelling to Bugby a Hundred Tears 

Ago 

474 The Korthamptonshire Heard 

475 Northamptonshire Marriages in the 

Parish Beglster of LilUngton 

476 Matthew Holbeche Bloxam 



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The Fortification of Northampton, 97 

457. —Knight, of Slafton, co. Northants. — This family 
possessed laud in Slaptoa in the reign of Elizabeth, and held it until 
that of George 11 1. Some particulars of their history are to be found 
io Baker*s Northamptonshire^ where the arms are given^ but where no 
pedigree is recorded. The first occurrence of the name in the 
Slapton registers is that of '' Anthony^ s. of John and Ann Knight^ 
bapt. Aug., 1573." Thomas Knight, who ob. 1723, left the land to 
his son Jobn^ and, in the event of his dying issueless, to his grandson 
Simon. The latter married Rachel Frewen,and ob. s. p. 1776, leav- 
ing his property to ** his kinsman John Knight," a London merchant. 

Could any reader furnish me with a pedigree of the family, or at 
least inform me who was the father of the last-named John Knight ? 
His laud in Slapton belongs now, I believe, to other families. Have 
the descendants of John Knight died out? q Moor, M.A. 

15, Montpelier Square, S.W. derk in H. 0. 

458. — The Fortification of Northampton, 1645. — ^° 
accordance with the promise contained in an article on The PapiUons 
of Northamptonshire (4j6) which appeared in our last number, a 
notice of David Papillon^s work on fortification is here given, 
including extracts relating to his scheme for the defences of North- 
ampton. The full title of the book is as under : — 

**A. Practioall Abstract of the Arts, of Fortification and Assailing. Ck>n- 
taining Foore different Methods of Fortifications, with approued 
mles, to set oat in the feild, all manor of superficies, Intrenohments 
and approches, by the demy Circle, or with lines and Stakes. 
** Written for the benifit of sach as delight in the Practise of these Noble 
Arts. By Danid PapiUon Gent:'* 

One " Io : Booker *• appends his imprimatur thus : — 
'*I hane diligently pemsed this Abstract : and do appzoue it, well worthie 
of the Public^ view. Imprimatur. Io: Booker." 

The imprint is as under : — 
" London Printed by B : Anstin and ue to be sould at the sonth lide of the Ezebsage ft 
in Popes head Alley 1646." 

The volume is a small quarto of 124 pages, exclusive of eight 
pages occupied by the dedication, address to the reader, and contents. 
It has an engraved title-page, and contains also twenty-five engraved 
plans of forts, etc., which illustrate and are placed immediately after 
the first portion of the book, comprising 88 pages, and treating of the 
art of fortification 5 the later part, commencing with page 89, being 
occupied by an essay on The Art of Assailing in Generall, 

At the head of the title-page is a vignette portrait, presumably of 
the author, inscribed "^tatis suae 65." The preface is dated " From 
London, January i. 1645." ^3 



pS Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The dedication is *'To His Excellencie Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
Generallisime of the Forces of the honourable Houses of Parlement,'* 
and is signed ''Your Excellencies most humble, and devoted Servant, 
David Papillon." 

From the fourth chapter, which treats " Of the true use of the Art 
of Fortification/* the following extract, touching the £owns of 
Leicester and Northampton, is taken : — 

'* It was invented to preserve mens habitations, and the Suburbs 
of Corporations, and not for to burne, or pull them downe, as manj 
of our Enginiers have done in these dayes, to their shame and guilt 
of conscience. For if an Enginier, to comply with those in authoritie, 
or with the selfe-conceited men of a Garrison, assent to pull dowue 
Suburbs, or small Hamlets that are joyned to their Corporations, 
except they are suddenly and certainly in danger of a Siege, it argues 
that hee is either unskilfuU in his profession, or voyd of all Christian 
charitie, and naturall humanitie 5 for by the experience of his Art, or 
alteration of his method of Fortification, he may preserve these 
Suburbs or Hamlets, to the great advantage of the Town j or of 
another Fortification, and so dispose of his works, that he may secure 
them, and yet the Corporation shall rather need fewer men to man 
their works, then it would require when these Hamlets are pulled 
downe. This hath been the case of Leicester, for had they not 
rejected a good counsell, they might assuredly have been preserved 
by a larger Line of Communication, then there was by halfe a mile j 
for this Line might have been defended with three hundred men lesse 
then that they made, for the which they were enforced to pull downe 
many honest mens houses, and draw a true imputation of inhumanitie 
upon themselves; for what greater inhumanitie could these poore 
soules expect from their cruell Enemies, then to see their houses 
burned, or pulled downe. And by this instance you may see how 
dangerous it is for Committees and Governours to be led away by 
the chat and ridiculous reasons of ignorant and selfe-conceited men, 
that make no conscience what mischief they do to others, so they 
secure themselves, as they suppose ; for it is often rather a supposition, 
than a true securitie or preservation, because it falls out oftentimes, 
that if these Hamlets or Suburbs be fortified, they serve as Bulwarks 
for the preservation of their Towne, and so by pulling downe of 
them, they advance their owne mine, to save some small charges ; 
nay, they often encrease them, by pulling of them downe. For 
instance : It is supposed by the judgement of such men afore- 
mentioned, that Cotton End, a small Hamlet adjoyning to the South 
bridge of Northampton, is to be pulled downe, if they be threatened 



The Fortification of Northampton. 99 

of a Siege, to make the circumference of their Works the lesse, and 
to secure their Bridge. But I will maiutaine that if Nature it selfe, 
and the Art of man had plotted together, to place a commodious seat 
to serve as a Bulwark, not only to the South bridge, but to the whole 
Towne, they could not have found out a better then that part of 
Cotton End is. For being fortified as it ought to be, it will make 
that side impregnable ; and this End might have been fortified and 
secured at the first, with smaller charge and a shorter Line of Circum- 
ference, then that which they have made, by which it is exposed to 
the Enemies mercie, and yet their Works are by it of less validitie, if 
they bad not relyed over-much upon their owne judgement. 

" And although this conceit is backt with the assent of a learned 
Divine, yet I will judge charitably of his assent, as being in judgment 
so possest, this being out of his element $ yet wisdome should induce 
him to rely more upon the judgement of an Artist, than upon his 
owoe, and specially when it is hjent upon the safest and the most 
charitable course. And this counsell I give them, to fortifie only the 
said End^ according to the modell inserted in the 23 Plate ; now they 
may conveniently do it, will be worthy of thanks if they embrace it ; 
but if they do not, if ever they be besieged, it will produce an after- 
wish, as those of Leicester did, when it was too late ; O that wee 
bad followed such an advice and counsell \ And so much for the 
discharge of a good conscience.*' 

Plate 23, mentioned above, represents ''Northampton Rightly 
Fortified,** on a scale of an eighth of an inch to every fifty yards. 
Cotton End is strengthened by a quadrangular fort with four bastions ; 
a square fort, also with four bastions, somewhat east of Derngate ; 
and another at a corresponding distance west of Cotton End fort. 
The entire figure would be something of an irregular octagon, the 
northern half of which would be protected by curtains and frequent 
bastions only, and no forts. A facsimile of this plate accompanies 
this article. 

A further interest attaches to this curious volume from the fact 
that it is doubtless the identical copy sent by the author to *^ The 
Grand Committee of Northamptonshire at Northampton,** with the 
lett**r hereto appended. Both letter and book are the property of 
T. W. Thornton, Esq., of Brockhall (through whose kindness we are 
enabled to publish these particulars). It seems not improbable 
that the ancestor of the present representative of the family, 
John Thornton, Esq., who was Sheriff in 1674, was a member of 
the committee, and that the book and letter have remained in the 
family from the time of its presentation. 

13* 



icx) Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The following is a verbatim copy of the letter : — 
'* Right worchip " 

" I was iaformed laft week by a gentleman of worth that you 
were a bouth to leflen the Circumferance of your line of communi- 
cation in lieu to increase the same ; for to take in Cotton Ende j and 
to secure three great hallows } and fiue raising grounds that are all 
within one hundred yeardes of youre walles and workes. That will 
vndoutedly (according to humaine reason ; and the rules of Art) bee 
the Cause that your Towne will bee one day or other ; loft as 
sodainely by some stratageme of war ; or by a' sodaine storrae ; as 
Hereforth 5 and Darmowth ; haue been taken of late by our forces -, 
If ever the enemie attempt the same. 

" Therefore bee well aduifed before you goe a' bout it ; for should 
you cafl away fiue tymes as much more moneys ; as you have 
formerly caft a' way abouth your scar-crowes Mounts and ill flanked 
winding angles j all your workes will not be worth a' botton ; except 
you rectify and secure by Art 5 these naturall defects of the seate of 
your Towne aboue citted ; And that can not bee done without you 
imitate pvnctually j the Model demonstrated in the three and twenty 
plate of this abstract that I present vnto you > in commemoration 
that I was once in your seruice ; And therefore bound to giue you 
this wholsome Councell following 5 for the discharge of a' good 
conscience. 

" My councell and iudgement is this : That you should leaue youre 
old workes as they are $ for this new intended line, that your Engenier 
persuades you to vndertake 5 will not rectify at all these foresaide 
naturall defects of your seate j and therefore can not preserue your 
Garrison j from an vnexpected surprife, nor from a' sodaine storme ; 
but this larger line demonftrated in Plate 23, will with your old 
workes ; preserue it from all dangers ; And yet this larger line ; shall 
bee defended by (iue hundred men leffe 5 then his new intended Line j 
I doubt not but this will seeme a* Paradoxe to you 5 and peraduenture 
also to your New Engenier 3 but it will not seeme so to thofe that 
knowe by experiance ; what the alteration of a* Methode of fortifi- 
cation can doe. 

"The firft thinge in my opinion that your Engenier should take in 
hand ; is to fortify cotton ende ; in the manner of such a* long fort 
drawne in Plate 23 ; and that being finiched 5 to drawe a' diagonal 
line from the sowth eaft ende of that fort j one hundred yeardes 
beyond the deame gatte to the knowle of the hill ; and there to errect 
such a* square fort demonftrated in Plate 23. And that being 
finished 5 to drawe a* nother diagonal line ; from the sowth weil ende 



The Fortification of Northampton, loi 

of the long fort ; to the Casey beyond the weft bridge ; and there to 
errect a' nother r>qaare fort > making the rode or Casey to paffe 
thorowg the Midst of the said fort ; and this may bee done by 
midsumer with the six flankers vpon the two diagonal lines \ And 
this being finiched ; you may prosecute the reft according to the 
Model discribed in Plate 23. And by this course ; your garrison in 
a' yeare tyme ; would bee one of the stronguest and one of the moft 
formidable garrifons in this kingdome. Whereas by the course you 
are a' bout to take j you will within a* Triffle caft a* way as much as 
the other will coft j and your garrison neuer the stronguer ; nor you 
safter than you are ^ and your workes as much or rather more diformed 
than they are now. And this is the Councell that in my iudgement ; 
may doe you good 5 the irrefutable reafons to backe the same are here 
and there Mifticall ly sett downe in this abstract in Pages 2, 7, 8, 
9, 10, 12, 87, 88 5 and diners others the which I refer to your 
iudicious coufideration. 

" Now hauing Jhus faithfully dealth with you ; pray deale as iustly 
with mee ; and lett mee obtaine by your fauor the forthy shellins that 
Mr. holman doth still retaine from my pay ; vnder colour of the 
hazard he hath runned in aduancing mee eaightene pounds vpon a* 
warrant that you gaue mee for xx in lieu of my Pay ; for if I com- 
plaine to those that haue power to rectify this abuse ; his reputasion 
will not onely bee blemiched by it \ but it will also caft an asperiion 
vpon your selfes; for giuing a' seruant of yours in lieu of ready 
money ; and some recompense bisides 3 a boue his Pay ; a' warrant 
of so little validity that hee was inforced to take eaghtene pounds in 
sted of twenty ; except bee did returne from whence hee came without 
a peny; I beseeche you then to pay him his principall and his 
interst for the tyme hee was without it 5 for these exorbitant courses 
are ill beseeming to Christians ; in these tymes specially of a' refor- 
mation ; and hopping you will graunt mee this iuft and equitable 
request I commit you to the gracious protection of God ; and rest 

" Your humble seruant Dauid Papillon. 
"from London the ath of Feb 1645.*' 

" To my much Honnored 
friends ; the grand Commities 
of Northampton shire. 
At 
Northampton." 

The recommendations of Mr. Papillon were never, we believe, 
carried into effect. The letter is dated in February; in 
June the battle of Naseby had rendered the strengthening of 



I02 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Northampton needless. But within the last thirty-five years there 
was a bastion in the Cow Meadow south of A'Beckett house, which 
seems answerable to one of the bastions ; while the mound still 
remaining, a little eastward, now crowned with a seat, would 
apparently answer to the square fort east of Demgate. There was, 
however, a tower at the south-east corner of the wall so early as the 
reign of Henry II. 

On a fly-leaf at the commencement of the volume is the following 
MS. note : — 

" Capt. Hooper wd*. was Ingeneer when Banbury was taken And 
Rayland Caflile being first Ingen*^ to North ton : After one of y* 
Cheife Ingeueers in y« Army vfed alwayes for to vfe faggotts of small 
woode, w**" he would mingle with earth, & would still Carry y* earth 
before him with Spades & Shovells flinging from one to an other one 
higher then an other untill he brought his workes vnto y* mole free 
& higher then the enemife workes he layed his workes oute Comonly 
by y* eye as considering y' by line & Instrument too tediouse, he had a 
way to cover his port holes not with doares, but with the fashione 
mnrked with (a) goeing vpon two gudggeons haveing a tayle of i^ 
or 14 foote long, & that w*"* Covered 
y* port hole was so thick made 
with timber clamped together with 
Iron & pines (being Canon proofe) & 
also it laye a slope like house ridge 
y bullett woulde slant of & not much 
hurt it with suting [shooting], it 
being so heavye & thick att y* porte 
hole y* he was forced for to have a 
long tayle of a strongpeece of wood 
aboLite 13 or 14 foote long (as before) (b) ye place yt covered ye jport hole 
with a rope tyed att y* ende of it (0) ye gudggeons 
for y« canoneeres to pull it vp with (d) y* tayle of it 
ease when they should shoote.** (e).y«rope 

It may be mentioned that this curious volume and letter were 
exhibited by Mr. Thornton at a meeting of the Committee for Local 
Antiquities of the Architectural Society of the County in Feb. 1863. 

London. W. Pbrkins. 

459, — A Seventeenth Century Mendicant. — I have lately 
met with a rather curious little book, printed in 1699, which describes 
the travels and adventures of a mendicant who in the course of bis 
wanderings visited Northamptonshire once or twice, and relates some 
strange experiences which befel him there. Thinking it may interest 




A Seventeenth Century Mendicant. 103 

some of your readers, I send a copy of the title-page and one or two 
extracts referring to this county. The book is a small octavo of 156 
pages, exclusive of the preface and contents, and is dedicated to Lady 
Mary Charleton. The title-page is as follows : — 

"The Ck>mpleat Hendicant: or, Unhappy Beggar. Bemg the Life of an 
Unfortunate Gentleman : In which is a Comprehensive Aooonnt of 
several of the most Bemarkable Adventures, that befel him in Three 
and Twenty Years Pilg^rimage. Also a Narrative of his entrance at 
Oxford, his Ordination, his Behaviour and Departure from Court, his 
taking upon him the habit of a Shepherd, &o. With general Beflco- 
tions and Observations upon the Men, Manners, Customs and 
Beligions, of the several Countreys he wander' d through." 
• • • • 

" LovDov, Printed for B. Harris, at the Herrow in Little-Britein. kdoxoix.*' 

Chapter i. consists of a dissertation on the calamities of human 
life and some remarks on charity, concluding^ with these words: — 
*• However, for my own part, I nmft acknowledg it would be 
ungrateful in me to make refledions ; I have lived already more than 
twenty Years upon the common Stock, I mean by the help of my 
Begging Talent, I have made a doleful PafTage through the World ; 
the manner and Circumflauces I intend to relate at large in the 
following Sheets." 

After an account of his birth and parentage, and the misfortunes 
which led to his leaving the University, the mendicant begins the 
story of his wanderings. Setting out from Oxford, he goes through 
Thame into Bedfordsljire, and so to Newport Paguell, whence he sets 
out for Northampton, but on the way encounters an itinerant parson, 
who instructs him in several of the mysteries of begging and wheedles 
him to join company, and together they proceed to Oundle, in which 
neighbourhood they continue about a month -, finally reaching 
fios worth, where they are both seized by a constable and carried 
before " Sir B. D. a worthy Juftice of the Peace, that liv'd in the 
Neighbourhood.** The parson proves to be an impostor, and is sent 
to Leicester for trial. The mendicant being discharged returns into 
Northamptonshire, and by means of a letter of introduction to a 
clergyman obtains a situation as usher in a school, where he 
continued some twenty months, at the end of which time he is 

ordained a deacon by the Bishop of , then on a visit to a 

nobleman in the neighbourhood. At this juncture the sifter of the 
clergyman falls in love with the newly made deacon, " to avoid which 
he forsakes his Place, and returns to his former Profession of 
a Mendicant." Amongst a variety of other experiences he passes 
some time as servant to a shepherd, and concludes the book 



104 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

with an essay in which he *' demonftrates Death, (imply confider'd as 
an exit out of the World, to be much preferrable to Life." 

I should like to ask if anything is known as to the authorship of 
this book, and whether there is any possibility of identifying the 
Northamptonshire school in which he officiated as usher, and the 
parson whose sister formed so unfortunate an attachment. F. T. 

460. — "The Beautiful Misses Gunning." — Horace Walpole 
siiys in a letter to sir Horace Mann, dated June i8, 1751, "The two 
Miss Gunnings, and a late extravagant dinner at White's, are twenty 
times more the subject of conversation than the two brothers 
(Newcastle and Pelham) and Lord Granville. These are two Irish 
girls, of no fortune^ who are declared the handsomest women alive. 
1 think their being two so handsome, and both such perfect figures 
is their cheif excellence, for singly I have seen much handsomer 
women than either ^ however, they can*t walk in the park, or ^o to 
Vauxhall, but such mobs follow them that they are generally driven 
away." 

A note says : — " The Beauties Maria and Elizabeth, of whom we 
shall read so much. They were the daughters of John Gunning, 

Esq., of Castle Coote in Ireland The elder was now (1751) 

in her i8th year, the younger in her 17th year. Maria married 
5 March, 175a, the 6th Earl of Coventry, and died Oct. i, 1760. . • . 
. . Elizabeth married ist, Feb. 14, 1 752, the 6th Duke of Hamilton ; 
and 2nd, 3rd March, 1759 .... John 5th Duke of Argyll, for 
whom she had refused the Duke of* Bridgwater, the father of 
British Inland Navigation." 

A second note says : — " It is remarkable that this great lady (the 
Duchess of Hamilton) and her sister Lady Coventry, bad been 
originally so poor that they had thought of being actresses ; and 
when they were presented to the Earl of Harrington, the L* Lieut, 
at the Castle of Dublin^ Mrs. Woffington, the actress, lent clothes to 
them." 

It appears that Horton was afterwards granted by the Crown to 
sir Robert Gunning, a member of the family to which the Beauties 

'^'w^?'. Hbnlky. 

Watford. 

The following letters and notes relating to the above-named ladies 
are taken from vol. i. of Burkes Peerage and Baronetage, (edit. 
1833) :- 

"Of this lady and her sisters, so well remembered as the 
heautiful Misses Gunning, the following account appears in the 







The scale of the plan in the book is for erery \ part of an 
inch 50 yards. 

The plan given above is one half the scale of that in the 
book. The rectangnlar fort on the lower part is intended to 
represent the fortification of Far Cotton, with the London Boad 
running in a curved line through it, but it does not appear where 
the river was to run. 



The Beautiful Misses Gunning. 105 

Gentleman's Magazine of January last,* given verbatim el literatim, 
as written by the parish clerk of Hemingford Grey, in Huntingdon- 
shire, to James Madden, esq. of Cole House, Fulham. 

"'Sir, 1 Take the Freedom, in wrighting to you, from an 
loformation of Mr. Warrinton, that you would be Glad to have the 
account of my Townswoman the Notefied, the Famis, Beautiful! Miss 
Gunnings, Bom at Hemingford Grey, tho they left the Parish before 
I had Knolege Enough to Remember them^ and I was Bom in 32 
(1732). But I will give you the Best account I Can, which I 
Belive is Better than any man in the Country besides Myself, tho I 
have not the Birth Register for so long a Date, and since Dr. Dickens 
is dead, I dont know where it is, but the Best account I Can Give 
you is, Elizth. the Eldest,t married to his Grace the Duke of 
Hamilton^ after his Decease, to the Duke of Arguile ; the second 
Mary to the Viscount of Coveutree ; the third I neve Knew Ritely to 
home, but 1 beleeve to some privett Gentleman. I Rember a many 
years ago at least 30, seeing her picture in a print Shop,t I beleeve in 
St. Fouls Church yard, as follows : 

the yooBgest of these Beauties here we have in vue 

so like in person to the other two, 

ho Ever views her Features and her fame, 

will see at once that Gunning is her Name. 

which is the Best account I Can Give you of them three ; bat then 
there was two more, which perhaps you dont know any thing about, 
which I will Give you the True Mortalick Regester off, from a black 
mavel which lies in our chancel, as follows : 

" Sophia Gunning, the youngest of 4 Daughters, all Bora at 
Hemingford, in Huntingdonshire, to John Gunning, Esq. Died an 
Infant, 1737. 

'^Lissy Gunning, his 5 Daughter, Born in Ireld. Died Dec 31, 
1752. Aged 8 years jom. 

'' Sufier little Children and forbid them not to Come unto me, for 
of such is the Kingdom of Heaven. — Matth. 19, 14. 

" This, Sir, is the Traest and Best Information I Can Give, or you 
Can Get ; and if this is of any use to you, I shoud be much obliged 

* In Supplement issued February 1st, 183t. 
'' t This is wrong, Elizabeth was the second daughter. 

^ X The print alluded to is an oca/, painted by Cotet, and engraved by Sptxmer, 
Beneath is the name, ' Miss Gunning,' and a little lower the following lines : 
'* This youngest Grace, so like her sister's Frame ! 
Her kindred Features tell from whence she came, 
'Tis needless once to mention Gunning's name." 

14 



io6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

to you to let me have a line or two from you, that I may be satisfid 
that it was not in vain. And am. Sir, your most obedient and humble 

^"^^^^' Wm. Criswbll.- 

" Hemingford Grey, « ,j, 

August 14, 1796.'" 

Perhaps the best account of these once celebrated ladies is that 
given in Harper^ s Magazine iot July, 1884, in an article entitled "The 
Professional Beauties of the last Century." As this will probably be 
readily accessible to most readers of " N. N. ilc Q/' 1 give only the 
briefest outline of their history. Maria and Elizabeth, daughters of 
John Gunning, £sq., of Castlecoote, Roscommon, after a life of 
poverty in the wilds of Connaught, came to London in 17 jo, when 
the eldest was 18 and the younger one barely 17 years of age. 
They speedily became the acknowledged beauties of the day, and 
their appearance in public was the signal for crowds of admirers to 
waylay them, '* until the police have to be in attendance when the 
sisters go to fit on shoes in St. James' Street. The thoroughfares are 
crowded half a mile down when it is known they are visiting at some 
house in the vicinity." A like success was theirs at Bath in the 
autumn of 17 ji, and the new year saw them again in London 
with still undiminished popularity. 

The story of Elizabeth's marriage to the duke of Hamilton is thus 
told by Walpole : — 

" The Duke of Hamilton, having already fallen in love with her 
six weeks ago at a masquerade, made such violent love to her to-night 
one end of the room, while he was playing at pharaoh at the other, 
that he saw neither the bank nor his own cards, which were of three 
hundred each, and soon lost a thousand," About a fortnight later, 
Elizabeth being alone with her impetuous suitor, makes him ''so 
impatient that he sent for a parson. The doctor refused to perform 
the ceremony without a license or ring ; the duke swore he would 
send for the archbishop. At last they were married with a ring 
of the bed-curtain at half-an-hour after twelve at night, att 
Mayfair Chapel." A few weeks later Maria was married to the earl 
of Coventry, and in March they were both presented under their new 
titles. Elizabeth subsequently became the mother of two dukes of 
Hamilton, was afterwards created a baroness in her own right, and 
by her second marriage united the two great houses of Hamilton and 
Argyll, becoming the mother of two dukes of the latter title also, 
Maria died in 1760 at the age of 28. 

Amongst the illustrations are portraits of these two ladies. 

F. T. 



Nasehy Old Man. 107 

461, — The Knights Templars and Northampton. — The 
following entries from the Close Rolls have a local reference : — 

p. 26a. Rot. Litt. Claus: An 17 John 121J-16. 
Mandatu' est Rogo de Nevift qd lire fac Magro Militie Templi 
sexaginta Cbev^ones in parco dni Reg de Norhamton. 

p. a8o. (18 year of John, 1216 ) 
Rex Wifto Ayndr ^c Mandam^ voB qd hre fac dilco not i xpo 
Magro milit Templi in Angl xxx gistas "X Ix chev^ones i pco nro 
Norhamton quas ei dedimus. T. me ipo apud Albu monast^ium. ix. 
die Aug. 

462. — "NasebyOld Man" (434).— I should like to supple- 
ment my note on the above with a few particulars of interest I have 
just come across in The GenUemans Magazine, for February and 
November, 1793. 

In the February number, p. 147, the Rev. John Mastin*s History 
of Nasehy^ which had then been recently published, received a short 
complimentary notice, being spoken of as written "in a very 
satisfactory manner." 

With the November number appeared a copperplate etching of 
Naseby church from the south, signed "T. Prattent del, et scL^* 
«* Naseby Old Man " is here shown in position as I well remember 
having seen it when a boy. In the left hand upper corner of the 
plate are engravings of (i) a ring found at Stratford Langthorne, and 
(2) a thumb-ring in the possession of Mr. Mastin, neither of which 
have anything to do with Naseby. In the right hand upper corner is 
engraved a sun-dial which Mr. Mastin also possessed, and which, with 
the thumb-ring, he refers to in an interesting letter in that number of 
the magazine. I append both Mr. Prattent*s • and Mr. Mastin's t 
letters below : — 

" Mr. Urban, " Nov. 4 

" The * History of Naseby,' reviewed in your present volume, p. 
147, having been published without a view of the church 3 allow me to 
supply that deficiency by sending you a drawing of it (see plate 11.) ; 
accompanied with an illustration from Mr. Mastin's entertaining little 
book: 

" * The church is dedicated to All-Saints, but no record is left of 

the time when it was built, or who was its founder : the materials, as 

to stone, are from the quarries of Weldon, Haslebeech, and Harlstone. 

It consists of a body, two ailes and chancel, with a porch on the 

* Vide p. 986. f Vide p. 1001. 

14* 



io8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

South side, leaded. At the West end is an Embattled tower, in which 
are five fine maiden bells, having never been chipt, or wrought upon 
with a chissel, from their first casting. 

'* ' Upon the tower is a little more than half a pyramidal spire 
covered with lead, and a notion did prevail that it was decollated at 
the time of the battle ^ but, upon examination, dates were discovered 
upon this lead prior to 1645 ; a proof that this was not the case. 
Mr. Ashby, some years ago, at a considerable expence, caused an 
addition to be made to the spire of wood-work, consisting of a king- 
post and four supporters, rising to the height of 15 feet above the 
stone-work ; at the top of which is a large hollow copper ball capable 
of containing, according to the account of the person who performed 
the work, sixty gallons, ale measure*; above this ball is some 
ornameutal iron- work and a large weather-vane; from the top of 
which to the ground is 103 feet. With a good glass from the top of 
the spire may be seen Boston Deeps> or an arm of the sea, in 
Lincolnshire, distance above sixty miles, nearly N.E., when the air is 
free from vapours, and the sun in a proper direction: the most 
favourable time is about three P.M.* 

" Fig. 2. in the plate represents a sun-dial in the garden of the 
vicarage-house, placed on a curious stone ; of which you shall have 
an account before the end of the month. (See p. 100 1.) 

'^ Fig* 3. is a thumb-ring in the possession of Mr. Mastin. 

T. P." 
'* Mr. Urban, '* Naseby, Nov 14. 

•* The stone on which the sun-dial, engraved p. 985, is placed, was 
ploughed up, or rather the share of that instrument struck against it, 
in a field in the parish of Dallington, near Northampton 5 whence it 
was removed to Kingsthorpe, the next village, where it lay some time 
at a farmer's door. Mr. Ashby, my patron, afterwards purchased it, 
and made a present of it to me ; and I have placed it at the bottom of 
my garden. It seems to have puzzled all Antiquaries who have seen 
it : some few, indeed, think it may have belonged to a monastery at 
Dallington, and have been a comer stone of that building. The ring, 

<** * It 18 well worth the notioe of the Antiqnary that thia copper ball (together 
with a fine-toned bell) was brought by Sir Qyles AUington from Boulogne, 
when that place was taken by the English, in the reign of King Heniy the 
Eighth, anno Dom. 1644, and was placed upon the cupola of his house at 
Horseheath, in Cambridgeshire, which he built ; and was sold, amongst the 
zest of the materials, when that onoe noble seat was dismantled. Mr. Ashby 
paid only for its weight as old copper, although the metal was as perfectly free 
from decay as when first manufactured ; probably owing to the coats of gildiag 
and painting.' " 



Monumental Inscriptions, 109 

in the same plate, was bought by a person who collects rags, &c. in 
the country, among scraps of other metals, such as iron, brass, &c. 
&c. and brought to me as a matter of some curiosity. I have reason 
to believe it belonged to an ecclesiastic k, a member of some monastery, 
from a niche, or small bit, being taken out as with a file in the ioside 
just under the crown or head. Of this your intelligent correspondents 
will best judge. Yours, &c. John Mastin." 

flolmbj House, Forest Gate. JoHN T. Page. 

463. — Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 
(27, 1 26, 181, 354, 453). — The following inscription I copied from a 
horizontal stone now lying in S. George's churchyard, Canterbury. 
The stone is broken in two or three places. 

" Sacred to the Memory of Richard Mapletoft, (rent, late of this 
Parish J who died the . . . day of July, 1801 aged 70 (?) [y]ears. 
Also of Mary his [w]ife, who died the 6^ day of Dec'. 1809, aged 75 
years. Also of Vade Burford, Daughter of the late Edward Burford, 
M.D. of Banbury, in Oxfordshire : and the Neice and Beloved Friend 
of the above Richard and Mary Mapletoft who died the 27*** day of 
March 18 10 aged 59 years. And also Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Rev^. John Mapletoft, Rector of Byfield in Northamptonshire, and 
Ann his wife, who was daughter of Richard Walker, of Market 
Harborough, in the County of Leicester Barrister at Law." 

The mention of Byfield, Banbury, and Market Harborough 
induces me to send you this. 

Canterbury. J- M. COWPER. 

The following have also been received : — 
Cberiton, Kent. 

"Beneath in a small Vault are Interred the Remains of the 
Reverend Joseph Knapp Rector of Brampton, in Northamptonshire, 
Who died the 22"* Dec', 1757. Aged 55 Years. As also, the 
Remains of Elizabeth his Wife, second Daughter of Henry 
Brockman, Gen*., Who died 3 June, 1797. Aged 80 years." 

Mural tablet, chancel. 

Foxton, Cambridgeshire. 

" Here lyeth interrid j* body of John Fvller, who departed in April! 
1588. Who maryed Dorothy, y« davghter of Thomas Chichley, of 
Wimple Esq. by Maryan, his second wife, the daught' of Hussey, 
of Lincolnshire, the which Thomas Chichley was sonne of Will. 
Chichley & of Alice his wife, y« da. of Tho. Bruges, Grand-father to 
y* first Lord Chandoys, The w«*» William was sonne of Henry the 
Sonne of John y« sonne of William who was brother to Henry Arch- 



iio Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

bishop of Cantvrbvry, & Robert Chichley twice Maior of London, 
The sonnes of Tho. Chichley of Higbam Ferres. 

" This stone was layd here at the charge of Fvller Mead, y« sonne 
of Robert Meade, borne at Moch Easton, in £ssex, who maryed the 
davght' & Heire of John Fvller, by Dorothy his wife, w*"* Fvller Mead 
maryed Rose, ye daught' of Francis Brackin of Cambridge, Esq., who 
had Issve Edmond Mead, & Fvller Meade, 1638." 

Brasses, capitals, 4 shs. lost. £. end of S. A. floor. 

Cambridge, St. Edward. 
''Sub hoc Marmore positse sunt Reliquiae Edwardi Clarke, 
A.M. socij ac Praesidis Aulae de Clare 5 Academiae antem hujus Bedelli 
Armigeri Qui cum natus esset apud Stoke Doyle juxta Oundle In 
Agro Northampton iensi Patre olim Presbytero Anglicano Ac Petreosi 
Socio Sub Tutela Samvelis Blythe S. T. P. 

« In dictam Aulam oonoessit 
Prim am Jayentatexn ita effinxit, ut cum Ingenij vi, 
Turn gratia & Voluntate Amicorom MorumqtM Elegantia 
& concinnitate faoilo inter Coeetaneot) emineret, 
In numenim Sociorum ad scriptus id Negotij sibi dabat, 
Ut sub Auspiciis Beverendi Tntoris OoUegii /RdificinTn, 
OpiiB Jamdiu inohoatum, tandem absolveretnr : 
Gujus Memoriee annuatim celebrandesj ob immensam 
Yersufl Glarenses mimificentiam, Sezaginta Libras 

Per benigne donayit. 
Gam antem Saora Domna adhuo Anise lautior deessest, 
Treoentas Libras, ut nova extmeretur, designayit, 
Neminus Beligione ApertA apud Deum, quam erga Homines 
Beneficiie clam erogatis, videretur contendere, 
Procuratorio munere maxima cum laude perf unctus est ; 
Bedelli vero, universo fere Togatorum consensu, Tices susoepit ; 
Multum, yigente animo ; ab AcademiA dileotus, vicisaim adAmavit, 
Quam A Imam Matrem in Beliciis ei f uit appellare : 

Gum autem utramqei^ Academiam amplexus esset summa eum BeneyolentiA 
Hujus cerfce surgentia Moenia praesertim exosculatus est ; 
Gentumqu^ k viginti Libras, Ulustri Operi promovendo 
Vel manente Vita, rel ScriptLs suis nltimis, impertiyit, 
Yergente ^tate, ingruente autem eegritudine mortif era, 
Totum se Beo Optimo Maximo tradidit, 
Et Christianam Fidem, quam vsqu^ intimo corde receperat, 
Duoem sibi comitemqw^ adsoiyit ad Vitam iEitemam. 
B[ffic dolens moerensqw^ Lachrymas inter & Luctimi, 
Descripsit Bobertus Gk«ene Aulae Glareneis Socius, 

Pietatis ergo. Amicus de Amico, 

Ob : Jan : 13. A.D. 1726-7." 

Floor of north choir aisle. 

Cambridge. R. H. Edleston. 



.^ 



Wakerley Parish Registers, 1 1 1 

464. — Old Winb Glasses and Goblbts. — Mr. Albert Hartshorne 
(Bradboume Hall, Wirksworth), has in hand a work on 17th and 
1 8th century wine glasses and goblets. He will be glad of notes on 
such things, or references to dated examples, with sketches and 
dimensions, and descriptions o^ their shapes and stems, and the 
engravings on the bowls. This picturesque subject, which has not 
hitherto been treated of, will include the drinking glasses of the 
Jacobite and rival clubs, those of which the fashion was introduced 
at the coming of William iii. and on the accession of George i., the 
" Hogarth" glasses, and the numerous variety of " twisted " stemmed, 
cut, and engraved wine glasses of the latter part of the last century. 

465. — Wakerley Parish Registers (391). — 

1 599-1 600 Katberine Conyer the daughter of Margret Conyer 

widdowe, xxvij of Jan. 
1 60 1 Greorge Mailes sonne of Thomas Mailes, ix Sept. 
1608 John Barnewell sonne of ffrancis Barnewell, vij. Aug. 
1610 Martyn the sonne of Walter Rudinge, gent., xvj. Sept. 
1 61 2 £Iizabeth daughter of Symon Wells, xxiv. Aug. 

„ Susana daughter of George Mailes, xvij. Oct. 
1614? Ellen Marchall the daughter of Nicholas Marchall, i Dec. 

Anne, daughter of Nicolas, v Dec., 16 ij 
1 62 1 Francis Barnewell, the son of John, Dec. xxviii^ Laurence, 

son of the same, 11 Feb., 1622-3 
1630 Peregrin Rudkin son of Bartholomew, a stranger without 

dwelling, Aug. i 
1637 Edward Cecell son of David Cecell, esquire, June 10, bur. 

ffeb. 24, 1638-9, Elizabeth Cecill, daughter of David Cecill, 

esq., 29 June, 1638, (buried at Tinwell, Rutland, 16 Nov. 

following), Thomas Cecill, son of David, 9 Jan., 1639-40 

(buried at Tinwell, Rutland, 28 May, 1641). 

David Geoell, son of Sir Richard Geoell of this place, and Elizabeth his 
wife (daughter of Sir Ant. Cope, of Hanwell, Oxon, Knt. and Bart.) became 
3rd Earl of Exeter and 4th Baron Burghley on decease %. p. m. of his nnde 
William, 2nd Earl, E.G., July, 1640. David, died in London (at Exeter 
House), 16 April, 1643, and was buried with his ancestors in St. Martin's 
Church, Stamford Baron. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Egerton, 
Ist Earl of Bridgewater, E.B., who survived her husband many years, and was 
buried in the family vault in St. Martins, 24 March, 1687-8, having had issue 
6 sons and 3 daughters. 

1643 Thomas Clepole, son to Richard Clepole, Nov. 19 

1644 George Males, son of Thomas Males, May 6 

„ Thomas, June 3, and William, 16 Feb., 1647-8, sons of 
Francis Russell 



112 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1646 Alice Campion, daughter of Richard Campion, Aug. 6. 

1663 John AahweU of Holiwell in the comity of Lmcoln, and Mary Cam- 
pion, of Wakerley in the county of Northampton, manied, Aug. 14, AU Saints, 
Stamford, p. r. Andrew Campion, of Wakerley (buried there, 18th August, 
1696), married about 1669 Elizabeth, second daughter of John Hunt, gent., of 
Barrowden, Rutland, by his second wife Elizabeth, daughter of Richazd 
WoUaston, of Frescat, StafifordKhire, sister of John Wollaston (Butland 
Visitation, 1681-2, K. 266, Coll. Arm). Andrew Campion*s wife was buried at 
Barrowden, Rutland, with her ancestors (who adhered to the old faith), 8th 
Jan., 1708-9. The arms of the Hunts (Visitation of Rutland, 1618-19) are 
quarterly 1 and 4 az., a bend between 6 leopards faces or (Hunt) 2 and 3 az., a 
fesse sa. between 3 garbs vert (Bidal), crest, a leopards head between 2 wings 
expanded or. 

1667 Catharine Austine, the daughter of Daniell Austine, gent, 
borne the 13th of June and baptized the nth of July; 
Daniell. sonne of the same, borne the 4th of Sept., and 
baptised ist of October, 1668 ; William, son of the same, 
bom ist, baptised 14th Dec., i66j. 

1 670-1 Elizabeth, born 4th, baptized i2th Jan., John, born i8th, 
baptized 25 Jan., 1673-4, William, born 6th May, baptized 
30th, 1677, Edward, 29th Dec, 1680, Richard, buried ist 
Jan., 1 680-1, children of Andr. and Elizabeth Campion. 
[To be continued.] 

466, — Local Dialect (43, 64, 109, 167, 223, 258, 340, 385). — 
1 have heard the following words (which do not appear in previous 
communications) in Northamptonshire :— 

Bug : pleased ; e.g., " I gave her a few flowers and she was bug with 
them." 

Chomp: masticate. 

Clism : clutch, or grasp. 

Frit: frightened. 

Gain : tractable. A horse that is easily managed is said to be gain. 
Has this word another meaning ? While in your county a short 
time ago, a gentleman told me he visited Yarmouth because it 
was convenient to get to, and lodgings were gain. Would the 
word in that instance mean that lodgings could be easily obtained, 
or that the price asked for them was not large ? 

Jigged up : tired out ; e.g., " They went a walk, and came back 
jigged up." 

Thorrough : furrow. 

Wished me : A tradesman might say of one who had not been a 
customer : — " He never wished me a penny.'* 
Kendal. A. P. 



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Weldon Stone. 113 

467. — Weldow Stonb. — On Friday, the 19th of October last, 
a large party of guests, includiog a number of well-known architects, 
accepted an invitation from the earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham 
to visit the Weldon stone quarries and some of the stately houses 
built of the stone from these quarries* notably Kirby Hall, once the 
home of the Winchilsea family. 

The guests were met at Weldon station and conveyed in drags to 
Kirby Hall, where (after the hall itself had been thoroughly 
inspected) luncheon was partaken of, presided over by the head of the 
house. Amongst those present may be mentioned the Hon. Harold 
and the Hon. Stormont Finch-Hatton, brothers of the earl, Mrs. and 
the Misses (2) Finch-Hatton \ Rev. W. R. Finch-Hatton, rector of 
Weldon 5 Dr. Nilo Olof Hoist, Stockholm 5 Miss Clarke-Thomhill 
ftnd party, Rush ton Hall ; Colonel Guurand, Colonel North, £. P. 
Monckton, Esq., Fineshade ; Mr. Charles Barry, Mr. Ewan Christian, 
Mr. F. C. Penrose, Mr. A.W. Blomfield, a.r.a., Mr. J. O. Scott, all of 
London ; Mr. M. H. Holding, Northampton 5 Mr. J. A. Gotch, 
Kettering; Mr. C. G. Bolam, Boughton House; Mr. A. Sykes 
and Mr. Thompson, Peterborough ; Mr. W. Talbot Brown, Welling- 
borough, etc. A few short speeches followed the repast. The earl, 
in proposing the toast of " British Architecture," said that he 
regarded the possession of Kirby Hall, the home of his great 
ancestor, Sir Christopher Hatton, in the light of a national trust. 
He conceived it to be his duty, if he could, to restore, or at any rate, 
preserve it. He was not sure whether preservation was not a better 
motto than restoration in the case of old buildings. But if ever 
Kirby was to have a roof it must be by means of Weldon stone, on 
the merits of which he refrained from descanting, his guests would 
see it and form their own conclusions respecting it. He alluded to 
Kirby Hall — suffered to decay — to Geddington Cross, more than 500 
years old, to Rushton Hall and the Triangular Lodge, as standing 
examples of the sterling worth and durability of Weldon stone. 

The party next drove to Weldon, where the qualities of the stone 
were fully investigated. Its close texture and perfect crystallization 
enable it to resist the action of frost and water, and it is therefore 
especially suited for the building of bridges and docks. It is easy 
and pleasant to work when first quarried, but hardens rapidly when 
exposed to the action of air. Its colour is pleasant to begin with, 
and in course of time the kindly lichens cover it with a beautiful 
coating of grey and gold, such as is seen to perfection on the walls of 
the Triangular Lodge at Rushton. 

15 



114 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The annexed table (taken from The BuiULer of Oct, 27) has beea 
compiled from various sources, but chiefly from the Report on the 
Selection of Stone for Building the new Houses of Parliament. In 
it Weldon stone is compared with other oolites from different parts 
of the country^ so as to afford an opportunity of estimating its 
relative value. The crushing weight of Weldon stone, it may 
be mentioned, is i40'3 tons per square foot. 

From the quarries the party proceeded to Greddington, where the 
well-known Queen's Cross was inspected, and thence to Rushton 
Hall, (he seat of W. Clarke-Thornhill, £sq., a handsome edifice of 
Weldon stone, formerly the home of the elder branch of the Tresham 
family, one of whom erected the earliest portions o£ the house, of 
which the great hall and its circular bay, with much more of the two 
lower stories, dates from the fifteenth century. Sir Thomas Tresham, 
''the builder" of the family, greatly enlarged the house, portions 
erected by him bearing the date 159,5 and the trefoil. The mansion 
is built round three sides of a court, the fourth side being occupied 
by a one-storied corridor. Altogether this is one of the best examples 
of Elizabethan architecture now remaining. Sir Thomas is well 
known as the builder of three other edifices, each full of interest — 
vi^., the Triangular Lodge at Rushton, Rothwell Market House, and 
Lyveden New Building — all of which are minutely described in the 
valuable work of Mr. J. A. Gotch, entitled The Buildings of Sir 
Thomas Tresham, published by Taylor and Son, Northampton. A 
pleasant walk through the long shrubbery at Rushton, past the grotto 
whence Naseby field may be descried, leads to the first-named — a 
remarkable building, covered with devices heraldic, religious, and 
mystical, and abounding with quaint architectural details. 

Want of time prevented the party completing the contemplated 
programme, for Rothwell Market House and the fine, though decayed, 
church, had to be omitted, and a hurried departure was made for 
Rushton station, and so to Kettering. It was then too late to inspect 
the fine tower and spire of the church there, restored last year, and, 
for some 30 feet from the top, rebuilt in Weldon stone. 

The accompanying woodcut of the porch giving entrance to the 
great hall at Kirby is kindly lent by Mr. J. W. Linnett, of the 
Kettering Ohserver, 

There is not the least doubt that Weldon stone will be largely 
used in the future. It is now being employed in the restoration of 
the cathedrals of Lincoln and Peterborough, and is to be used in the 



The Poulton Monument. 115 

completion of Rothweli Market House. May its increased success 
speedily enable the present possessor of Kirby to preserve that 
stately relic of the Elizabethan age for the admiration of future 
generations. 

468. — Trb Poulton Monument in Dbsborouoh Church. 

— ^The memorial is on the north side of the chancel, near the altar 
rails. It co'nsists of a mural tablet surmounted by a sarcophagus, 
above which is a shield bearing the arms of the family. Under the 
shield is a scroll with the Poulton motto, ^'Deum et Puritatem ama." 
On the sarcophagus is a record by William Poulton, who died in 
1792, to his wife's memory. 

Here rests the earthly remams of M" Mart Pnusov, The Beloved Wife of 
William Pulton Esq', & only Baughter of Bobert Smith of 
Poolthron, in the County of Lincoln Gent. She was a Woman of 
Singular Chastity, Faithful in her Love, Without Deceit, Benevolent, 
Charitable, & Friendly to all. A Lover of the Poor, a Despiser of 
the Vanities of the Age, Delighted in Betirement & an Example 
for Her Sex. After having Lived in the Marriage State 44 Years, a 
most Affectionate Wife, & tender Mother of nine Children, By a Long 
and Painful Illness, Suffered with great Patience and Resignation to 
the Will of Qod, to whom She constantly Adher'd. She Departed to 
Eternal Best, on the 6th of April. Anno 1779. Aged 67 years & 
5 Months. Bequisoat in Pace. 

The lower inscription is a brief summary of the family history. 

Sacred to the Memory of the Honorahle Family of the Pultows, Who for 
Fourteen Generations, were Lords of this Town of Deshurgh or 
Deshorough, Descended from Princely, Most Nohle, Dlustrious, and 
Holy Progenitors of this Kingdom. Besides this Lordship, they 
possessed Manours and Lands in C^analey, Kelmersh, Broughton, And 
Hargrave, in this County. They took their Local Name from their 
Estate ahout the time of The Conquest. Li the rolgn of King Stephen, 
Jooelina the Daughter and Heir of Sr Bohert Pulton Of Pulton Ejit ; 
Married Sr Alexander Monings Knt, and carried that Estate into his 
Family. John Pulton the first of that Name, Lord of this Town, 
was Seated at Cransley, and about the 40th of King Edward the Z^ 
anno 1367 Married Jane de Deshurgh Daughter and Heir of John de 
Deshurgh, Lord of this Town of Deshurgh, Whose Ancestor took 
his Local Name from this Place. His Great Grandfather Bichard de 
Deshurgh, about anno 1220 Married, Amicia de Costentein Daughter 
and Heir of Bichard de Postentein, Who possessed Lands in Hargrave 
in the reign of King Henry the 2d. The Pultons Inhabited this Town 
lor about 370 years and as the Chief of them are Buried in this 
Church ; have placed this Short account, in Memoi^ of My Forefathers 
«nd to Excite all, to an Imitation of their Yirtues. 

Bequieeoant in Pace. 

15* 



ii6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

One word, " princely/' in line 3 probably refers to the Poultons 
being descended (according to a pedigree in the College of Arms) from 
the old Norman princes. There is a small town in Normandy 
bearing the name. A name nearly the same was given to a manor 
near Canterbury held by them in the reign of Henry x., from Geoffrey, 
earl of Perch. William de Poltone and sir Stephen de Poltone, knight, 
are mentioned as owners of it in the register of S. Radigund*s abbey, 
and their descendant, sir Robert de Polton, in the reign of Henry 
1x1. gave it to the Abbey of S. Radigund at Bradsole. The estates 
of this branch passed to sir Alexander Monins, of Poltone, knight, 
who married Jocelyn, daughter and heiress of sir Robert de Polton, 
The latter bore for his arms argent, on a fesse sable three bezants, 
between three mullets, sable. In the meantime several branches of 
the family had settled in Northamptonshire, Gloucestershire, Oxford* 
shire, and Wiltshire. 

The following is copied from a brass on the south wall of chancel 
in Desborough church. A shield of arms accompanies each name. 
RioarduB Bominos De DisboTove. Obiit 1426. 
Jane Baughter aod Heiress Richard I^ De Disborowe. and Wife of 

John Poulton Esqr. Died 1452. 
John Poulton Esq'. 
Thomas Ponlton Esqr. 

William Poulton Esqr. of Disborowe. Died 14th Ootr. 1499. 
Martin Poulton of Diaborowe Esqr Died 23 June 1517. 

To turn to the Northamptonshire branch — in which our readers 
will feel more interest — the account on the monument and brasses, 
may be supplemented briefly by the following notes : — 

Giles, in the fourth generation from the marriage of John 
Poulton and Jane, heir of Richard lord of Desborough, married 
Catherine, daughter of Thomas Lovett, sen., of Astwell. Their 
third son, Giles, married Alice, daughter and co-heir of Thomas More 
of Bourton, Bucks, of the family of sir Thomas More, lord 
chancellor ; and Jane, Alice More's younger sister, married Thomas 
Brooke of Great Oakley, ancestor of the baronets. Martin, eldest 
son of Giles and Catherine, married Mary, daughter of Morris 
Osborne of Kelmarsb. Anne, another of the children of Giles and 
Catherine, married Euseby Isham of Pytchley, and they bad twenty 
children, one of whom — John — was ancestor of the baronets of 
Lamport (see Kimber's Baronetage)* Yet another daughter, Isabella, 
married Edward Wykeham of SwalclifFe, co. Oxon, from whom the 
viscounts Wenman. Agnes, the youngest daughter, married Myles 
Hampden of Rowell, co. Rutland. 



The Poulton Monument. 



117 



Descending now to the next generation we come to Ferdinando 
Poulton, fellow of Christ's college, Cambridge^ who inherited the 
estate of Bourton, Bucks, from bis mother (Alice More) : be became 
a very celebrated lawyer ; for a list of his books see Watts* 
Bibliotheca Britannica. In sir John Beaumont's Poems is an elegy to 
him. He married ist, Anne, daughter of Thomas Underbill of 
Nether Etington, co. Warwick, and 2nd, Catherine, daughter by 
William Jackman. Ferdinando died in 1617. Martha, a daughter by 
his 2nd wife, married William Penn of Penn, high sheriff of Bucks 
22 James 1. Another — Eugenia — became a nun in the monastery of 
the English Benedictines at Brussels, ^as made prioress, and after- 
wards was one of four who in 1624 founded a house of their order 
in Ghent, of which she became the second abbess, and governed the 
community for seventeen years. Greorge Poulton of Desboroogh, a 
grandson of Martin Poulton and Mary Osborne, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Isham, high sherifi^ 23 Elizabeth. 1 his would be 
the George Poulton who contributed his ^25 on June 17, 1588, 
towards the defence of the country against the Spanish Armada (see 
*' N. N. & Q.,'* vol. I. p. 46). The following engraving is of a brass 
in Desborough church. 




Here lyeth Elizabeth the Daughter 
of John Isham of Lamport in thia 
Goxmtie of Northampton Esquire and 
Wife to Qeorge Pulton Lord of this 
towne of Deaborows:^ Esquire. She died 
the znth of May Anno Dom 1584 

Here also lyeth Gteorge Pulton Lord 
of this town of Desboz<»f b And Husband 
of the above Elizabeth He died the 22d 
of Octote Anno Dom. 1698. 



We have selected the above details principally as shewing a little 
of the Northamptonshire genealogy of this family. The leading 
characteristics of the Poultons were their tenacious attachment to the 
Roman Catholic religion — refusing to follow the reformers; and 
their persistent fidelity to the Royalist cause. Our readers may refer 
to that simple yet pathetic record, The Names of the Roman Catholics^ 
Nonjurors, and others, who refused to take the Oaths to his late. Majesty 
King George, . . . Transmitted to the late Commissioners for the 
Forfeited Estates of England and Wales, after the Unnatural Rebellion 

in the North, in the year 17 15 Taken from an Original 

Manuscript of a Gentleman, who was the Principal Clerk to the 



II 8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Accomptant GeneroTs Office, lelonging to the said Commissioners; 
printed 1745, reprinted 1862, and quoted in **N. N. &Q.** voL iii. p. 56. 

" Julia Pulton, .... ^135 '• 

" Mary Saunders, Widow, . . . £2^6.** 

I presume this Mary Saunders was Mary Poulton who married 
William Saunders of Welford. 

The State Papers also repeatedly make mention of their fines and 
suiFeriDgs. The following were (amongst others of the family) 
members of the " Society of Jesus ": — Charles, born 161 6, died in 
Newgate prison, " a martyr for the Catholic faith, February 1690, act : 
74. A man of e;ninent sanctity, and during a missionary career of 
upwards of 30 years endeared himself to all by his disinterested zeal, 
meekness, and charity, performing long joumies, frequently on foot, 
to visit the scattered Catholics, whom he excited to piety both by 
word and example. In the heat of the Oates persecution he was 
hunted up and down the country like a wild beast . . . travelling by 
lanes and almost inaccessible roads, and sometimes for whole days 
during the winter compelled to lie concealed in woods and thickets. 
. . . But under the protection of Providence he escaped for the time 
the fury of his bloodthirsty persecutors." * He was appointed first 
rector of the Savoy college. A fellow-prisoner of his gives the 
following narration of his sufferings on the breaking out of the 
revolution : — Flying from London "he was seized on his way near 
the town of Faversham, 16 December, 1688, and being plundered of 
everything by a brutal rabble, was thrust into a goal where he suffered 
great indignities with joy and invincible courage. . • • He was not 
allowed to lie down during the space of a fortnight. . . . taken to 
Newgate. He never interrupted the observance of strict religious ' 
discipline, giving stated times to daily meditation, prayer, and reading, 
up to the last three days of his life. At length, worn out by the 
stench and miseries of his dismal cell, at the age of 74 he yielded up 
his soul to bis Creator, at 9 a.m., 7 February, i6go» . . . having on 
his lips the beautiful hymn of S. Francis Xavier, * O Jesu, ego amo 
Te, &c.' " 

Andrew, a master at the Jesuit college. Savoy, London, died at 
S. Grermain, 17 10, having been long known in London as ''the father 
of the poor.*' We have omitted mention of perhaps' the most 
distinguished of the family, viz. — Thomas Poulton, ll.b., successively 
prebendary of Sarum and York, rector of Hatfield, archdeacon of 
Taunton ^ by papal bull dated July 15, 1420, dean of York ; bishop 
of Hereford, 1420 ^ bishop of Chichester, 1423 ; and bishop of 

* Brother Foley's Secorth of the English Fnmnee of the Society of Jeeue. 



Brass of Jane Poulton. 1 19 

Worcester, 1426. He died at Rome, a.d. 1435, whilst taking part 
in the election of a pope. He bore for his arms argent, three 
mullets of six points pierced, sable. For Poulton arms see vols. i. and 
II. of Berry's Encyclopedia Heraldica, and £dmondson's Heraldry, 

Bridges, in his History of Northamptonshire, gives a pedigree and 
considerable information relating to the family and the manors and 
livings owned by them. 

Perhaps amongst our readers there may be someone who can 
relate more particulars of this ancient family. A part of the farm- 
house still called '' the Hall ** at Desborough, and used as a kitchen, 
is said to be a remnant of the old bouse. Is this so? Within 
present memory the old people of Desborough talked knowingly of 
Mrs. Mary Poulton — the last of her race in Desborough — who, they 
said, used long after her death to drive in her coach and horses at 
night, up the staircase of the old Hall and down again. It is said 
that when the old Hall was taken down the grand staircase was saved 
and removed to some neighbouring estate. Can any of our readers 
give further information of this ancient family, with whom the writer 
is nearly connected ? 

The present incumbent — the Rev. E. C. Channer— points out a 
pew still called the Hall pew ^ but what became of the monumental 
inscriptions given in Bridges* Northamptonshire, vol. ii. p. 28, relating 
to Poulton in connection with Garter and Jackman ? Mr. Channer, 
who has only lately become vicar, has unfortunately found that the 
earliest registers are missing. Let us hope that they may be found. 

The Poulton arms are on Rothwell Market House — as might be 
expected, especially as an aunt of sir Thomas Tresham's married a 
Poulton. See that valuable work A Complete Account of the Buildings 
erected in Northamptonshire by Sir Thomas Tresham^ by J. Alfred 
Gotch, published by Taylor & Son. 

The Stafford knot occurs on the rood-loft door of Desborough 
church near what was probably the Poulton chantry : is there any 
connection of Poultons and De StafFords of Blatherwycke ? 

12, Rusham road, Balham, Surrej. £• A. 

469. — Brass of Janb, Daughter op Gtlbs Poulton, of 
Dbsborouob (453). — ^A correspondent writes : — '* With reference to 
the inscription from a brass in Littlebury Church, Essex, given in the 
last issue of ' N. N. & Q.,* I am sorry to say that the brass (and 
some others) is still loose in the church chest. Here is an opportunity 
for that excellent society ' for preserving the memorials of the dead ' 
(Wm. Vincent, Esq., Norwich, Secretary), if their but too scanty funds 
will allow.** 



I20 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

470. — Lord Althorpe and thb Leather Tax. — Id a volume 
entitled The New l^htg Guide, published in 1819, occurs the following 
quatrain^ of which I should be glad to have some explanation. What 
was the leather tax referred to ? 

" On Mr. Methuen*s Support of Lord Althorpe and the 
Leather Tax. 
Methaen and Althorpe, sally feUowB, 
What are ye, but a pair of Mlow$ P 
Two wooden Jlatt that act together, 
Connected by a band of leather I— Ptttf." 

471. — A Rental op the Manor op Towcbster, 1609. — 
The original from which the following is taken is on a roll of 
vellum 47 inches long and ji inches wide. It is neatly written and 
in perfect condition. Sir George Fermor, knight (who entertained 
James i. at Easton Neston in 1603), was lord of the manor at this 
time. He died in 1612. 

Northampton. T. S. 

*' 1609 A Rentall of the mann' of Towcester for the Rente Dew 
there at the feaste of the Anunciation of o' Blessed Ladle the 
Virginne Marye 



Mr. George Byckley 

p his Farroe 
more p fiamne Closse 
more p estwayes and 

Stallages 



ltd 



mj" ]• vii* 
xl- 



XXX* 



Thomas Bradforde xxiij* 

John Armesteede x* 

et a copell capones 



Thomas Marshall 
Abraham Shackelton 
John Wrighte p tent 
more p mylle closse 
Thomas Hebomne 
Willm Kingstonne 
Willm Langley 
more p a nother tent 
more p the mores 
more p the Lannde 
more p Auforde acar 
more p a Lyttell shoppe 



v'r ij* 

^; 

xxvj* viij* 
ij- yj* 
iiij* 

XV* 

xxij* iiij* 

X* 

vj* viij* 
xx'' 



vj- 



ij* 



John CoUsonne 



viij* 



John Robinsonne 
Brjran Weste 
more for a shoppe 
Richarde Crosbey 
Widdowe Lee 
Frauncis Gosey 
Robai-te Camden 
Richarde Wood p tent 
more for a shoppe 
Henrye Joannes 
Wilhn Sheaparde 
Thomas Braunsonne 
Hughe Dixsonne 
Raphe Pallade 
£dwarde Woode 
Widdowe Roker, et, 

Avys Gardener 
Richarde Braunsonne 
Richarde Heathe 
Richarde Dawsonne 
Martine Lister 
Robarte Robinsonne 



X* iiij* 

X* 
¥• 

X* 
X' 

xvij* 

iij- 

x» 

X* 

¥]• viij* 
v» 

viij* viij* 
xiij' iiij* 






Ti* 



Tj* 



IIJ- 
iij- 
V* 

yf viij 
xiij* iiij 
xij' 



Rental of the Manor of Towcester. i2i 



John Watkine 
Rennalde Marriate 
Michaell Weste p 
tent, p tolle, p 
smythes psell, p 
Spyttell Closse, et 
p Berry MouDte 
Hille 






1I1J<" 



vjf* xiij« iiij* 



Richarde Weste iij^ 


' yj. 


vii/* 


Thomas fiowier p 






theAngell,pNew- 






boyes Howsse, p 






Joanes Garden, et 






p smalle brouke vij^ 


i x« 




Richarde Meades 


XV- 




Thomas Allen 


xx« 




John Weste 


xxv« 




John Joannes 


xiij» 


iiijd 


Richarde Woodeatis 






Bridges 


yj« viij* 


more for a shoppe 


i? 


vjo 


Thomas Cockeoalle 


viij- 




Widdowe Graye 


ij* 


vj- 


Nicolas Goulde 


xviijd 


John Personne 


ij- 


vj« 


Thomas Wilkinsonne 


vij- 


vjd 


Christopher Brownne 






ptent 


viij« 




more for a shoppe 


iij- 


iiijd 


Willm Duran 


xv« 




Robarte Bridges 


x« 




Richarde Smythe 


xxv^ 




John Saxbey 


XS 




Widdowe CoUines 


x» 




Willm Winckelles 


y* 


yjd 


John Walker 


v» 




John Tester 


iij- 


iiij* 


John Garlike 


vj- 




John Wilkinsonne 


xxx« 




Marke Carey 


Tiij- 


yd 


Nicolas Margetes p 






a shoppe 


iij' 


vj" 



"J" 



Richarde Winter 
Phillipe Cooknalle 
Widdowe Grenawaye 
Robarte Flechare 
Widdowe Ashton 
Edwarde Gouldston 
Henrye Watsonne 
Nicolas Cowpare 
John Furnise p northe 

mylle v 

Mr. Hensemanfora 

shoppe 
Thomas Margetes 

for a shoppe 
Christopher Hopwoode 

for a shoppe 

Towcester sup waste 
Edwarde Hollannde 
John Willington 
Christopher Louesey 
John Clare 
Richarde Wrighte 
Edwarde Hannes 
Robarte Willsonne 
Widdowe Pecoke 
Widdowe Owine 
Willm Caunfeilde 
More for the Cowe 

Pasture yj' 

Som is Ixxij" j* iiij* 



«• 



XVi 
XV* 

V- 

iiij* 

xx« 

xii« 

v« 



vj» viij* 



xiij* 



nj- nij4 

yj* 

f 

xijd 

lij* 
iij* 



if 



Xllj' 



iiij* 



Abthroppe 
John Stratforde 
Henrey Hasell 
WiUm Knighte p 

Lordes feilde 
Widdowe Symes 
John Wacotte 
Robarte Caterall de 

Foscotte 

Abthroppe sup waste 
Widdowe Thometon 
Widdowe Aman 



yj* viij* 



y- 
y' 

xiij* 



yj* 



nijd 
iiij* 



i6 



122 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Widdowe Gybbines 




nij<» 


Aldertou 




Widdowe Westley 
Widdowe Greene 




iiijd 
iiij* 


£dwarde Homan 


xl» 








Willm Storey et 






Wapnam 




George Woode 




iiij* 


Richarde Pinckarde 




Soum is xxxvj* ijd 




de sillsonne 


v- 


fiurcotte 






Caldecotte 




Mr. Richarde Lyd- 






Robartte Reave 


xl- 


cotte viij» 


yiij' 


Vlljd 


Richarde Fowckes 




more p Dockwell 






de Esonneston p 




my lie 


ij- 


Uljd 


Tomlines Lannde 


xl- 


Widdowe Gybbines 


x* 




Willm Sheaparde 


x- yj* 


Henrye Gybbines 


ij* 


vjd 


Richard Fowckes p 




Som to is ix" iij* 


vjd 




Drapares Leaes 
Somm is v" v* 


XV- 


Grymescote 
Mr. Thomas Molsoe : 






vjd 


ixyj* 


iiijd 






John Brownne 


xx« 




Somm total is \ " ..„ 

f UIJXIJ" 




Som is xlvj* iiij* 




xvij* xd 



472. — Letter of the Earl of Northampton. — The following 
interesting letter from Spencer Compton, second earl of Northampon, 
to his wife, is in the State Papers (Domestic), Sept. 29, 1640. The 
writer was one of the most loyal and distinguished adherents of 
Charles against the Parliament, and after rendering most valuable 
services to the royal cause was slain at the battle of Hopton Heath in 
1643. James was his eldest son, and was returned to the House of 
Commons in 1 640-1 as one of the knights for the county of Warwick. 
He succeeded his father as third earl of Northampton, and died in 
i68i. 

*' Sweete Hart I was in hope that so soone as wee had agreed of 
the Lords that are to treate with the Scots and the conditions and 
grounds of which they were to treate of wee should have had leave to 
go home, but the King will not lett any of us come away till the 
Lords comissioners com back, they go on thursday to Ripon where 
the Scotch commissioners are to meete them the Lords that goe are 
these the Earle of Bedford, Hartford, Essex, Salesbury, Warwicke, 
Bristo, Holand, Barckeshire, the Barons, Wharton, Pagett, Mandervill. 
Broocke, Savell, Dunsmore, Paulett, Houward, they are to treate with 
them conserning departing this Kingdom and the asurance of settling 
things in theyre owne couutery according to the laws of that 
Kingdom ; I pray you be mindfull about mackeing James Knight of 
the shire and send to all those gentill men of the countery in whome 



Letter of the Earl of Northampton. 123 

I have any interest I have sent to the shrive and to M' Chamberlin 
of the court of wards, wee expect to heare this weecke whether the 
sity of London will furnish us with two hundred thousand pounds to 
keepe the army together till the scots goe out or that the parlament 
sits to whome we have sent My Lo Chamberlin, Lo Priveseale Lo. 
Camden, Lo. Coventry Lo. Goring with a letter signed by us all and 
instructions to give them security for their raony, both from the King 
and us, so with my blesing to the children and my love to my friends 
I rest 

Your asured loving husband untill death 

Micklemas day, 1640. Northampton. 

I have sent into the Low Cunteries to James to come speedily 
home 

To my very loving wife the Countes of 
Northampton att Compton these." 

473. — Travelling to Rugby a Hundred Years Ago. — The 
following reference to Daventry occurs in an unfinished article 
by the late M. H. Bloxam, entitled *'The good old Times," 
apparently intended for Tht LeafieU Jt treats of the ways and means 
of travelling open to boys going to scihool at Rugby a hundred 
years ago, and mentions that " a century ago and more the journey 
of boys to school with — as one of the Sister Isle observed — * all their 
sorrows before them like a wheelbarrow * was not performed without 
difficulty. Coaches were few, post chaises were scarce 5 many boys 
rode on Welsh ponies, accompanied by servants to carry their luggage 
and conduct the pony. Some came in gigs accompanied by a parent 
or servant. At one time, some 107 years ago, one post chaise only 
approached Rugby, that contained the sons of the landlord of the 
Wheat Sheaf, at Daventry, in those days a noted inn on the London 
road." The name of the landlord was Clarke, and his two sons were 
called respectively William and John. They entered the school in 
1774, during the head-mastership of Stanley Burroughs h.a. 

474. — The Northamptonshire Hoard (45a). — The subjoined 
paragraph is taken from The Northampton Mercury of Feb. i, 1873, 
and probably refers to the Hoard about which enquiry was made 
in the last number of " N. N. & a" 

" On Monday, the a7th ult., while men were employed removing 
a thrashing machine on the premises of Mr. Healey, at Stoke Doyle, 
it came into contact with an earthen vessel which was found to 
contain a large quantity of silver and other coins, dated Edward IV., 
&c., which have been scattered among n^any different parties.*' 

i6* 



124 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

475. — NORTHAMPTONSHIRB MaRRIAOBS IN THE PaRISH RbO- 

iSTBR OF L1LLIN6TON4 CO. Warwick. 

1605 Thomas Bromw«*> of Middleton Cheyney in the countye of 

Northampton husbandman & Alice Mayoe daughter of Robert 

JVSayoe were marryed the xx*** of lanuarie in eod'an' 
1663 Wittm Glenn of Staverton in Northamptonshire and Marie 

Garland of y* pish of Weston und' Weath*ley married the 7th 

day of Novemb*. Anno Dom. 1663. 
Gambriiige. R* H. Edlbston. 

476. — Matthew Holbecre Bloxam. — When two counties 
have so much in common as Warwickshire and Northamptoushire 
it becomes impossible for an imaginary boundary line to separate 
local antiquaries into two groups without a commingling very often 
occurring. When, as in the case before us, an eminent antiquary 
is not only born but carries on his life work close beside this said 
imaginary boundary line, that life work must of necessity claim the 
deepest possible interest of the antiquaries of both counties alike and 
therefore of readers of ** N. N. & Gl.*' Mr. Bloxam's books show 
that he visited and carefully studied most of the fine ecclesiastical 
architecture of our county, and that he utilised Northamptonshire 
churches as examples by drawings and otherwise probably more than 
those of any other county. 

The career of this remarkable man, whose removal by death has 
lately been so widely deplored, was mostly of an uneventful character* 
and may shortly be summarised as follows : — 

Matthew Holbeche Bloxam was born at Rugby, on Tuesday the 
1 2th of May, 1805, his father the Rev. Richard Rouse Bloxam, 
D.D., being then an assistant-master at Rugby school. His mother 
was a sister of sir Thomas Lawrence, P.R.A., and thus it came 
about that in the year 1830, in company with his five brothers, he 
was called upon to take a prominent part in the quasi-public funeral 
of his imcle, when the body of that great painter was laid to rest in 
St. Paul's Cathedral. A watercolour drawing, by Turner, of the 
pageant, still survives in the National Gallery. It depicts the six 
brothers following the coffin as the procession enters the west door 
of the cathedral. 

It was in August, 18 13, that young Bloxam entered Rugby school, 
then under the head mastership of Dr. WooU > and here he remained 
until September, 1821, when he left to be articled to a solicitor in the 
town. In May, 1 827, he completed his articles ; but before he could 
practice as a solicitor on his own account he had to make a journey 
to London in order to go through pertain formalities of admission as 



Matthew Holheche Bloxam. 125 

an attorney. He was absent from Rugby for ten weeks, and it is a 
remarkable fact that this was the longest time he was ever away from 
his native place together. His practice as a solicitor was never very 
great, but in January, 183 1, he received the appointment of derk to 
the Justices of the Peace for the Rugby petty sessional division of 
Warwickshire. This appointment he held for 40 years, and it is 
worthy of note that during the earlier part of that time he made out 
many a commitment to the now obsolete ''stocks.*' In 1871^ in 
consequence of a severe shock to his nervous system, caused by a 
railway accident in which he had been present at Harrow on the 
London and North Western Railway in the previous November, 
he wisely determined to resign office. Thenceforth his life was of a 
totally uneventful character, and most of his time was spent — as 
indeed all his spare time had previously been — in visiting places of 
interest, and in gathering together, in various ways, materials 
wherewith to carry on his favourite pursuits. He was always on the 
lookout to encourage an antiquarian spirit, especially in the young. 
His house was in reality a museum, pure and simple, and it is a 
matter of congratulation to know that by his will many of his most 
valuable treasures are bequeathed to the Rugby School Museum. 
This is also the case with the bulk of his valuable library and manu- 
scripts which are now safely deposited in the Library. The remainder 
were sold by public auction at Rugby, on Thursday and Friday, 27th 
and 28th of September last. Some of the more valuable items 
included in this sale were the following:— 

Principles of Gothic Architecture, eleventh edition, 3 vols, with 
autograph letters of cardinal Newman, Dr. Jex Blake, and sir Henry 
Dry den J watercolour drawing of Parish Church and Poor Box in 
Aylestone Church, Leicestershire ; pencil drawings, photos, woodcuts, 
proofs; and a large number of additional notes in Mr. Bloxam's MS. 
etc. Another copy, tenth edition, with 300 woodcuts, interleaved and 
bound in 3 vols, with numerous MS. notes by Mr. Bloxam, in 
preparation for the eleventh edition. 

Sepulchral Memorials, engravings and woodcut illustrations, some 
coloured, and cuttings from various publications. Large 4to. Notes 
on Funeral Rites, Ceremonies, etc. 

Archmological Papers by Matthew H. Bloxam, privately printed, 
interleaved, 8vo, half calf, uniform set. Another set ditto, 8vo, cloth, 
uniform 5 the two comprising some thirty works, mostly privately 
printed. 

The above were purchased by Mr. John Taylor, Northampton. 



126 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Of the pictures disposed of at the same time, the nndermentioned 
were perhaps the most interesting : — A spirited study of a Hod in 
browns, by Rubens, purchased at the sale of the late sir Thomas 
Lawrence ; a large painting, '* Virgin, Child, and Angels,** probably 
intended for an altar-piece ; and '* Our Saviour,'* by Roger Vander 
Weydeu the elder. 

It was on Tuesday, April the 24th of this year, that at the ripe 
old age of nearly 83 years, Matthew Hcjlbeche Bloxam peacefully 
passed away in the midst of all the treasures he so much loved, at 
his residence in St. Matthew Street, Rugby. He worked most 
assiduously np to the last, and though he had been stricken with 
paralysis seven weeks previous to his death, it is said that during 
bis illness he actually gave the finishing touches to an index of the 
whole of his writings. On the 27th of April, his remains were laid 
to rest in the churchyard of Brownsover, a village a short distance 
from Rugby. About 10 years before he had selected this place of 
sepulture, and a yew tree was planted to mark the spot. In addition 
to a memorial tablet in the chapel and a Bloxam prize at Rugby 
school, it has been mooted that a memorial will ultimately be 
subscribed for erection over his grave. It is to be hoped for many 
reasons that these will all be carried out. 

The principal honour conferred upon Mr. Bloxam was his election 
as F.S.A., in 1863. He was also president of the Warwickshire 
Naturalist and Archaeologist Field Club; vice-president of the 
Worcester Diocesan Architectural and Archaeological Societp^ 5 vice- 
president of the Cambrian Archaeological Association ; and one of the 
hon. vice-presidents of the Royal Archaeological Institute of Great 
Britain and Ireland ; and hon. member besides of many of the local 
Antiquarian, Architectural, Archaeological, and Natural History 
Societies in the kingdom. For 51 years he was steward of the 
manor of Kilsby, and from iS^j to 1863 he held office as a member 
of the Rugby Board of Health. 

Amongst Mr. Bloxam's works the following contain references 
or relate solely to Northamptonshire : — 

A Glimpse at the Monumental Architecture and Sculpture of 
Great Britain from the earliest period to the Eighteenth Century. 
This was published in London in 1834, and is now out of print 
From Mr. John Taylor's copy I gain the following : — 

Description of opening a range of small tumuli at Borough Hill, 
Daventry, by Mr. Baker, the historian, in 1823, 42-44. Sir John 
Spencer's tomb at Brington, 222-3 & 236. Brass portraiture of 



Matthew Holbeche Bloxam. 127 

William Andrew, at CharweltoD, with illustration, aoo-i . Eleanor 
Crosses, at Geddington and Northampton, 142. Brass of William 
Wylley at Higham Ferrers, ao2. Inlaid brass effigy of William 
Thorpe, and brass portraiture of Arthur Soveryn, at Higham Ferrers, 
237. Description of Catherine of Arragon's funeral at Peterborough 
Cathedral, 97-8. Ancient effigies of abbots at Peterborough 
Cathedral, I2j. Injuries to monuments and brasses at Peterborough 
Cathedral by Puritans, 250. Full-length inlaid brass effigies of George 
ColeSy and two wives, in St. Sepulchre's Church, Northampton. 
Illustration of sir Roliert de Vere's effigy* in Sudborough Church, 
128. E^gf of sir Edward Montagu, lord chief Justice in the reign 
of Henry VIII. in Weekley Church, with illustration, 238-9. 

Then comes the valuable little paper read at Peterborough, on May 
24th, i8j5, at the meeting of the Associated Architectural Societies 
of Northamptonshire, Lincolnshire, Cambridge, and Leicester, On 
the Cham el. Fault at Rothwell, Northamptonshire, and on Charnel 
Faults elsewhere. I have now before me Mr. Taylor's copy of a 
very scarce reprint by Dicey, of the Mercury office, n.d. Mr. 
Bloxam, here gives a minute description of the vault, and assigns it 
to the 14th century. Later on he refers to another such vault 
beneath Northborough church as not having been noticed by any 
writer, and which he bad only just heard of and seen. This he goes 
on to describe as well as a single visit would allow ; assigns it to the 
latter half of the 14th century, and characterises it as " deserving of 
a more minute attention." It certainly will not be out of place here 
to repeat Mr. Bloxam*s opinion on that knotty query of " How came 
the bones at Rothwell ?" He sums up the case thus : — " The 
remains there deposited are, I have no doubt, nothing more than the 
exhumed bones of those who had been buried in the graveyard or 
burial-ground surrounding the church. This burial-ground is not 
large. Rothwell contains a population of about 2000, and is 
supposed to have been formerly a far more populous and extensive 
place than it now is. The graves were anciently dug more shallow 
than at the present day, and bones must have been exhumed from 
them over and x>ver again. The painting of the Resurrection on the 
wall at the east end of the vault, would raise an inference that an altar 
was originally erected against that wall. It may possibly still be 
existing, and concealed by the bones piled up against it. And what can 
be a more appropriate answer to the question — Can these bones live ? 
than the representation of the Resurrection.*' 

• ThiB oat does nxh appear to be notioed in letterpresB vnlasB it is vxongly 
described on pp. 186-6 as being in Hatfield Broad Oak Ohnrch, Kent. 



128 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Two of Mr. Bloxam's contributions to the Journal of the Royal 
Archaological Institute relate to Northamptonshire, and of these I 
haVe signed copies before me presented by the author to Mr. John 
Taylor. The first was communicated to the Section of Antiquities at 
the annual meeting of the Institute at Peterborough, in Jaly, i86j, 
and consists of 12 pages. On the Effigies and Monumental Remains 
in Peterborough CathedraL The second paper, On the Medieval 
Sepulchral Antiquities of Northamptonshire, was read in the Section 
of Antiquities at the annual meeting at Northampton, on August 
2nd, 1878. It consists of 22 pages, on page 3 of which occurs the 
important statement that " Northamptonshire contains in its churches 
as large and varied a series of sepulchral monuments, sculptured eflS- 
gies, and incised brasses, as perhaps any of our English counties." 
This statement may be said to be *' proved to the hilt*' in an exhaustive 
summary which follows, containing examples from nearly all the 
principal churches in the county. This pamphlet is embellished 
with seven illustrations as follows : — Effigy of Abbot Benedict, 
Peterborough Cathedral, facing p. 5 ; Effigy of Archdeacon Sponne, 
Towcester, facing p. 7 ; Effigy of Sir David de Esseby, Castle Ashby, 
p. 9; Effigy of Sir John de Lyons, Warkworth, facing p. 10; 
Effigy of the Hon. Elizabeth Dame Carey, Stowe, p. 16; Painting 
at back of a tomb, Dodford (coloured), facing p. 18; Sepulch,ral 
slab with carved emblematic cross, Cotterstock, p. 19. 

Up till the time of his death Mr. Bloxam communicated to 
nearly every number of The Meteor, and, as long as it lasted, to The 
Leqflet, both connected with Rugby School. These communications 
were nearly always reproduced in the local Rugby weekly newspapers. 
The Midland Times and The Advertiser, They generally referred 
to some object of interest in Warwickshire, but when the complete 
index of his works sees the light, many references to our own county 
will probably be found. 

From a mass of Mr. Bloxam*s fugitive letters and articles I 
extract the following from a letter entitled *' A Crux," which appeared 
in The Midland Times of November 7th, 1885. After referring to 
the large marble monument of sir William Boughton, in the church 
of Newbold-on-Avon, he goes on to say : — 

"The effigy of Sir William Boughton was sculptured by 
Rysbrack in his realistic style, that of his lady by a less noted sculptor, 
one Hunt, of Northampton. Both have been evidently sculptured 
from full length portraits by Sir Godfrey Kneller of Sir William and 
Lady Boughton hanging up in a well-known mansion in North street, 
Rugby." 



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Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ ^uerieSy 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 



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476 
477 
478 

479 
480 
481 
483 



Contents. 


Matthew Holbeche Blozam 


483 


The Hospital of St. John and 8t. 


Banning Thursday 




James at Brackley (illustration) 


tfantell (Kauntell) of Heyford and 


484 


Hoard of Roman Coins 


Collin^tree 


485 


Ashby Family 


The Welsh Bible in Althorp Library 


486 


Monnmeutal Inscriptions from other 


Hose Family of Daventry 




Coanties 


Olimpses of Old Northampton, 1607 


487 


Plongh Monday 


The Sheppard Family 


488 


looal Dialect 


WUliam Shepard of Kingsthorpe 


489 


Prebendaries of Peterborough 


Thomas Shepard of Wilbarston 




Cathedral 


Thomas Shepard, of Kingsthorpe 


490 


Gibbes Family, of Towcester 


Anne Shepard, widow of Thomas 


491 


Glimpses of Old Korthampton : Its 


Shepard, of Wilbarston ^' 




Signs {illustration) 



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Matthew Holbeche Bloxam. 129 

Tbe most important of all Mr. Rloxiim's works is of course that 
entitled The Principles of Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture, This 
book has now passed through eleven editions. The first of these was 
published in 1829, and is in the form of question and answer. It is a 
small book of 79 pp., and was printed by T. Combe and Son, of 
Leicester, the preface being dated *' Rugby, Warwickshire, May, 
1829." It is a curious coincidence that this first production of his 
pen should have run through so many editions during his lifetime, 
and have retained all along the chief place in his afEections, until at 
last it appeared in a permament and matured form in 3 vols., when he 
was 77 years old, in 1882, more than half a century after it first saw 
the light. This book necessarily commands our careful consideration 
here, and I give first of all the references to Northamptonshire 
contained in the ist and 3rd editions, i^opies of which have been 
kindly lent me for this purpose by Mr. John Taylor. 

The first edition contains on the title page a picture of the Saxon 
Doorway at Brixworth Church, and on p. 16 this is referred to as 
" perhaps one of the earliest specimens now remaining of debased 
Roman or Saxon architecture." On p. 59, over chapter x,, is an 
illustration of Sedilia, or Stone Seats, in Crick Church. This is not 
directly referred to in the letterpress. 

The third edition is dated " Rugby, Feb. 1838," and on page 24, 
tbe illustration of the Saxon Doorway at Brixworth Church again 
appear^. Much the same reference as in the first edition occurs on 
p. 27, but it is somewhat qualified this ti'me by the statement that the 
ruins of the Church in Dovor Castle appear " to be of as extreme, if 
not of higher antiquity.*^ On the same page, and on p. 28, allusion is 
made to the "towers of the churches of Earl (sic) Barton and 
Barnack*' as belonging to the Anglo-Saxon era, to the Anglo-Saxon 
arches *'in a doorway in the tower of Brigstock Church," and to ** an 
arched recess and panel in the tower of Barnack Church." The 
illustration of the Sedilia at Crick Church appears again without 
comment on p. 87. Qn pp. 106-7 ^^ statement is made that " aa 
ancient stone reliquary, containing the fragment of a bone, was dis- 
covered a few years ago, ahd is still preserved, in the church of 
Brixworth," Beneath this sentence is given a back and front view 
of the shrine. This book extends to 123 pp. 

The fourth edition was more than double the size of its prede* 
cessors, running to 254 pp. Up to p. 152 the old liifes of question 
and answer were followed, but a '' concluding chapter," in which 

17 



130 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

this style was discarded, was added *' On the Internal Arrangement 
and Decoration of a Church." * 

In the sixth edition the book had assumed a totally different 
character, the question and answer style being for ever abandoned. 
Two hundred woodcuts adorned its three hundred pages, and it was 
published in London. The preface to this edition is dated '* Rugby, 
March 5, 1844." 

When the book bad reached its eleventh and last edition, 
Mr. filoxam bad greatly enlarged its scope and included in it most of 
the architectural and other notes he had gathered together during his 
life, thus presenting them to the public in a complete and get-at-able 
shape. I have had the opportunity of going through his own private 
copies of the tenth and eleventh editions, which are* interleaved with 
many MS. notes continued from the time the books were published 
almost up to his death. Appended are notes of every reference to 
Northamptonshire which I could find : — 

Aldwinckle. Church of 14th century— stone bench on e. side of keel, 

MS. note in iii.f (iQth edition.) 
Apethorpe. Church built in i6th or 17th century described, i. 289-90. 
Ashby St. Ledgers. Font cover, spiral and crocketed, ii. 20 ^ incised 

brass effigy of "William Smyght, a.d. 15 10, iii. 74. 
Ashley. Clustered decorated piers, n. side of nave, i. 192. 
Aston. Ambrie or locker with two-leaved wooden door, ii. 97. 
Badby. Leaden bulla of Pope Alexander 111, (1159-1181) discovered 

by Rev. G. Richardson, in November, 1880, while digging about 

90 feet w. by n. of n.w. buttress of church tower, MS. note in 

iii. (i ith edition.) 
Bainton. Wall coped with grave stones, iii. 338. 
Barnack. Anglo-SaxoQ — tower, i. 42, 43 {ill.), 46, 49, 52 {UL), 59. 

60 (i//.), 61 (ill.), 62, 66, 68 (note), south porch 156; image 

bracket on pier, ii. 65 ; stone quarries referred to as *' once 

celebrated," iii. 337. 
Barnwell. Early English spire (All Saints), i. 177. 
Barton Seagrave. Rude Anglo-Norman sculpture on tympanum of 

N. doorway, i. 129, triangular shaped window in clerestory 213, 

214. (ill.) 
Blakesley. Decorated clerestory archek springing direct from piers, 

i. 190. 

* This chapter first appeared in the British Critie for April, 1839, then under 
the editorship of the vioar of S. Haiy's, Oxford (Cardinal Newman). 

t The Roman numerals i. ii. and iii. refer to the vols., which are always taken 

in order. 



Matthew Holbeche Bloxam^ 131 

Boddington. Incised brass effigy of William Proctor, a.d. 1627, iii. 276. 

firamptoD. Ancient church chest of 14th century, with iron scroll 
work on sides and ends, MS. note in iii. (loth edition.) 

Boughton. Church built a.d. i599» i. 301. 

Braunston. Wooden dog tooth ornament, in possession of Mr. 
Bloxam, taken from 14th century wall of Church, i. {^oti) 178. 

Brigstock. Anglo-Saxon work — tower, i. 47, doorways 50, 51 and 5a 
(i//.), arch 59 and 60 (i//.), doorway and window, interior 65 
(i//.), early Norman in juxtaposition with Anglo-Saxon archil 12. 

Brington. Perpendicular moulding, i. 261. (i//.) 

Brixworth. The most perfect Anglo Saxon church, i. 39, church 
described and illustrations of arches 41, tower and illustration of 
doorway 47, window in e. wall of tower 55, string course in 
chancel and illustration 64, ground plan described 66-7, stone 
staircase in tower adjunct 68, Brikelsworth monastery built about 
A.D. 680, 71, late Norman porch & side 93; aisles and semi- 
circular apse, ii. 8, stone reliquary of 14^1 century found here, 
described and illustrated i5i*-2. 

Brockhall. Illustration of sepulchral headstone cross, iii. (over ''List 
of Illustrations.**) 

Burton Latimer. 17 th century mural painting in nave, iii. 124, 17th 
century font cover described ,149. 

By field. Decorated — roof, i. 195, west doorway 293, chancel door*- 
way 204, south porch 205, window 211, church principally 
Decorated £nglish 226 ; original pews of 14th or 15th century^ 

ii. 3^3^' 
Canons Ashby. Earliest instance of panel work arches in Priory 

Church, i. 251 (note). 
Carlton. Church erected a.d. 1788, i. 3045 e&gy of 17th century in 

winding sheet, MS. note in ii. (iith edition.) 
Castor. Roman masonry, now destroyed, u i {ill.), 3S, enriched 

Anglo-Norman tower 105, inscription over chancel arch 127 : — 

XV KL 
MAI DBDIOA 
TIO.HVI BOLE 

AD MO xxim. 
Early English semi-circular arch in doorway 151. 
Catesby Priory. Royal arms of Charles i. in Priory Chapel (now 
destroyed) iii. 117, 17th century chapel, internal fittings and 
arrangements described 138. 
Charwelton. Decorated arches under clerestory springing direct from 
piers, i. 190, fiowers in moulding over w. doorway 203. 

i7» 



13^? Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Chacombe. Decorated capitals not agreeing with shaft, i. 189, higll 

pitched roof of s. porch 204^ ogee-headed window 210. 
Chesterton. Marble communion table, iii. 183. 
Chipping Warden. Decorated piers composed of 8 clustered shafts^ 

i. 189, ogee-headed window 210, clerestory windows of 15th 

century over arches of 14th century 247. 
Clopton. Inscribed bells, ii. 25, 26. '' Inves Joye fecit me in honore 

Sci Petri." '* Sancte Petre ora pro nobis.'* 
Cogenhoe. Semi-Norman doorway, i. 145. 
Cold Ashby. Inscribed bell (a.d^. 13 17)', ii. 25. 

, + xABZi. : ToooB : JLiro : -am. : xo cooo : xvn. 
Cold Higham. Saddle-back tower roof, ii. 21. 
Corby. High tomb of 15th century in church yard, iii. 360. 
Cotterstock. Perpendicular s. porch, i. 241-2, ornament common in 

13th century, on sepulchral slabt iii* Z^^ (note), 340, 341. (ilL) 
Cottingham. Decorated capitals sculptured with heads and figures^ 

i. 189. 279. (ilk) 
Crick. Decorated cornice moulding under parapet, i. 217-8, corbel 

blocks not sculptured, exterior of chancel 224-5, clerestory raised 

in Perpendicular times, original pitch of roof to be seen on b. 

wall of tower 247. 
Dallington. Low side window, ii. 128. (ill,) 
Denford. Earthen jars placed in walls for acoustic purposes. Tracer 

of this found in chancel of church, 1864, ii. 154. 
Desborough. Wooden beam thrown from, pier to pier to act as brace, 

i. 267. 
Dodford. Simple horizontal parapet, separated by corbel table, in 

tower, i. 181 ; mural painting at back of tomb, ii. 204, 205. (ill,) 
Dingley. Royal arms dated 1661, executed in plaster, iii. 118. 
Earls Barton. Anglo-Saxon work in tower, i. 42, 45 (i//.), 46, 48 

(ill.), 49, 55, 66 y Norman sedilia, ii. 91, locker with stone 

shelf 97. 
Ecton. Stoup inside n. porch, ii. 12. 
Elton. Dedication cross in b. jamb of s. doorway, ii. 156. 
Fawesly. Inscribed bell, ii. 26. '' Sancte Botolfe ora pro nobis." 
Finedon. Decorated windows, i. 207, curious flying arch across nave 

266 ', church seated with low open seats of 14th or 15th centary^ 

ii. 30 ; library in room over porch, established 1788, MS. note 

in iii. (loth edition.) 
Flore. Early English doorway, 1. 152, 153 (ill.), Decorated— doorway 

201, 202 (iU.), mouldings 215 (UL), 216, 217 (iU.), 218, 21^ 

(ill.) ; very complete locker on n. side of chancel, ii. 97. 



Matthew Holbeche Bloxam. 133 

Fotberinghay. Contract still in existence, entered into a.d. 1435, for 

re-building collegiate church, i. 267. 
Geddington. Fourteenth century screen work, ii. 375 pew bearing 

date 1602^ iii. 140. 
Green's Norton. Anglo-Saxon work w. angles of nave, i. 46. 
Hargrave. Inscriptions on poor box, iii. 1 46, k. ^' God save the Queen/' 

w. "Thomas Mahew hoc fieri fecit 1597/' s. " Pray for the good 

estate of all well doers." 
Harlestone. Sepulchral inscription denoting date of church (note 

from Bridges' Northamptonshire), u 227. ''Orate pro anima 

Ricbardi De Hette, qui fecit cancellum cujus auxilio fuit Ecclesia 

facta anno Domini mcccxx quinto.'* 
Harrowden. Funeral garlands^ iii. 220. 
Helps tone. Sepulchral relics of 13 th century found in church tower 

when demolished in 1865, described, iii. 335 to 338, 340. 
Higham Ferrers* Early English w. entrance to tower, i. 155, Decor- 
ated wooden roof to nave, 194$ original tiled pavement before high 

altar, ii. 230> original choir stalls 275, Decorated piers of different 

character on b« side of nave, MS. note in ii. (loth edition) 5. 

incised brass of Richard Willeys, iii. 73. 
Irthlingborough. Five lancet windows under one dripstone at b. end 

of cbancely i. 162-5; stoup on each side of w. entrance, ii. 12 ; 

ornamented hagioscope in chantry chapel 148 ; crypt or chamel 

under s. transept, MS. note in iii. (loth edition.) 
Islip. Perpendicular roof, i. 255. 
Kettering. Perpendicular piers, i. 231, rich w. doorway 238,. 

moulding 259 (t//.), crocketted spire 276. 
Kilsby. Moveable Easter sepulchre formerly belonging to this church 

fully described, ii. 116 to 119. 
King's SuttoD. Perpendicular ornamented parapet, i. 257, Decorated 

screen-work 260 (note). 
Litchborough. Decorated n. doorway, i. 201, windows, ogee-headed 

and circular 206, 210, 213. ^ 

Little BiUing. Inscribed Norman font ** of plain jar4ikeform,** ii. i8« 
Loddinglon. Early dated inscribed bell, ii. 25. " Mille quadringentis 

octogintaque duobus annis fusa fui lapsis ab origine Christi a 

genetrise piu protervis dicta Maria." 
Lowick. Fine Jesse window of 14th century, ii. 220. 
Maidford. Saddle-back tower roof, ii. 21. 

Marston Trussell. Late instance of tooth moulding on sedilia, i. 178* 
Maxey. Piscina on s. wall of clerestory, ii. 141. 
Middletoa Cheney. Decorated s. porch built of stone, i. 204. 



134 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Middleton Stoney. Anglo-Norman nail-headed n)oulding» i. loa. 

Milton Malsor. Decorated circular window filled w^ith tracery, i. 213. 

Moreton Pinkney. £arly English plain triangular headed buttresses^ 
i. 171. 

Naseby. Decorated clustered piers, i. 192. 

Nassington. Decorated triple-faced pointed arches, i. 188. 

Norborough. Singular cbarnel vault beneath s. transeptal chapel 
described, ii. 192. 

Northampton, All Saints. " In the vestry is a library which contains 
a fine copy of Chaucer in black letter with woodcuts, deficient in 
three leaves. Its date is 1542, and it was printed by Richard 
Kele,'* MS. note in iii. (nth edition.) 

Northampton, St. Peters. Anglo-Norman arcade in clerestory, every 
3rd arch of which pierced for a window, i. 98, string course 102, 
126 (i//.), richly decorated capital in (f//.), and pier arches C14. 

Northampton. Letter from '' Mai Ro Johnson, of late Preacher at 
Northampton," dated 2nd February, 1573, quoted re vestments, 
&c., iii. 259. 

Oundle. Five lancet windows under one dripstone, w. end of s. 
aisle, i. 162-3 5 fine old brass eagle desk still preserved, ii. 71. 

Passenham. Debased English chancel screen a.d. 1626, i. 285, 
chancel re-edified by Sir Robert Banastre, a.d. 1626, 292-3. 

Pattishall. Anglo-Saxon work n.b. and n.w. angles of nave, i. 46. 

Peterborough Cathedral. Choir terminates with semicircular apse, i. 
82, Norman windows subsequently sub-divided by tracery 94, 
moulding, string course, &c., 102, octagonal piers 109, later 
Norman (a.d. hi 7-1 140) vaulting in aisles 120, very rich Early 
English doorway, s.w. angle of cloisters 153, Decorated win- 
dows, clerestory, s. aisle 211, Perpendicular segmental-arched 
&c. windows 244, fan tracery in roof of retro-choir 252, 
parapet at s. end with triangular-shaped heads 257 -, gatehouse 
entrance to close, s.w. of Cathedral, ii. 246, "lavatory of tynne," 
&c., mentioned in inventory taken a.d. i539» aj6, thirteenth 
century cloisters 266, effigies of abbots in Cathedral and of a 
Benedictine (13th cent.) over gatehouse 283-4, inventory of goods 
belonging to Benedictine Church taken in a.d. 1539, 304-7 ; 
sepulchral effigy of Abbot Benedict, a.d. 1193, iii. 21 ; quotation 
from Mercurius Rusticus, re spoliation of Cathedrals during the 
Civil War. The Parliamentarian soldiers '* took breath afresh 
on two pair of organs, piping with the very same about the 
market place," &c. 200. 



Matthew Holheche Bloxam. 135 

Pipewell Abbey. Dunchurch church rebuilt by the monks of Pipe- 
well early half of 14th century, ii. 6\, chapel in Gatehouse 
248, inventory at Suppression, a.d. 1539, " In the dorter the 
niunkes selles and i laumpe of laten '* 253, goods iu Refectory 
at Suppression, "The Frater. — It ther 3 hordes i pulpytt 11 
tables a payr of tniseulle^ i forme, sould o „ 2 „ o " 255, 
" poorly furnished *' 300, quotation from Inventory at Suppression, 
re Ornaments 301-4. 

Fitsford. Representation of S. George and Dragon over s. doorway, 
i. 88. 

Polebrook. Early English roof in chancel, i. 173-4. 

Raunds. Roof of nave of low pitch body but of Decorated period, 
MS. note in ii. (loth edition.) 

Ringstead. Original choir stalls, MS. note in iii. (loth edition.) 

Rothwell. Semi-Norman arches, i. 141 (»//.), 142, w. doorway 142, 
143 (ill); quadruple sedilia, ii. 92, triple piscina 95, charnel 
vault 194-6 j ancient tomb in churchyard with bustos and feet 
in sunk recesses, iii. 343, and high tomb of the 15 th century 355. 

Rushden. Transepts constructed at a subsequent period to main 
body of church, i. 266. 

Spratton. Decorated moulding, ,i. 215, stone bench or sedile for 
three persons, ii. 92. 

Stanford. Painted glass of 14th century in chancel window, ii. 220. 

Stene. Church built in a.d. 1620, ** presents features both of Debased 
Gothic and semi-classic detail," i. 2925 costly marble com- 
munion table, inscribed '*The gift of Nathaniel Lord Crewe, 
Lord Bishop of Durham, 1720," iii. 182. 

Stibbington. Two Early English lancet-shaped windows, e. end, i. 163. 

Stowe. Anglo-saxon work in tower, i. 44, 47, 49, 55, additions in 
1639, windows and round-headed doorway, &c. 290, 294. 

Strixton. Three dedication crosses on walls of church, ii. 156. 

Sudborough. Small incised brass of a priest, iii. 6^. 

Sutton Basset. Double-faced Semi-Norman pointed chancel arch, 
i. 144. 

Tansor. Early English doorway, k. side of chancel, i. 152, tooth 
moulding on external doorway arches of porch 156-7, 

Thorp. In inventory of goods belonging to chapel, " A little Sanctus 
hell,** ii. 27. 

Thorpe Malsor. Decorated piers and arches, n. & s. aisles, dis-similar, 
i. 188. 

Thrapston. Inscribed bell, ii. 26, " Sancta Anna ora pro nobis,** 
elaborate high tomb of 15th century in churchyard, iii. 360-3. 



136 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Towcei^er. Recqmbent sculptured effigy of archdeacon SpoDne^ a.d. 

1448, ill. 79, 80, 81. (i//.) 
Ufford. Stone benches ranged against walls of aisles, ii. 30 ; pew in 

N. aisle bearing date, 1603, iii. 140, Sainton, a chapel of ease to 

Utford 338, coped sepulchral stone in churchyard 35ft. 
Walmsford. Leaden font, ii. 17. 
Wansford. Early English— two lancet windows under one dripstone 

in belfry tower, i. 159, spire 177. {ill.) 
Warmington. Early English — south porch, groined, i. 157, string 

course 168, dripstone 170, plain triangular-beaded buttress 171, 

groined roof with wooden ribs 175, spire 177, foliage 180 (t^.) ; 

pew in s. aisle bearing date 1639, *"• ^4'- 
Weston-upon-Welland. Decorated corbel table supporting parapet 

in tower, i. 223. 
Whiston. Spandrels of Perpendicular arches filled with tracery work, 

i. 236, church one of most perfect specimens of a late dale, 

(a.d. 1534) 273. 
Whit well. Two altar slabs in chancel, each with ^ the five crosses^' 

visible, ii. 145. 
Wittering. Anglo-saxon work — angles of nave and chancel, i. 46, 

chancel arch 61 (i//.), 6», rectangular chancel 67, two differently 

ornamented Norman arches separating nave and n. aisle 113; 

church consists of nave and chancel only, ii. 8. 
Woodford. Curious Early English porch, i. 157 ; human heart 

discovered in church wall, ii. 151 ; double reading pew of 17th 

century, iii. 137. 
Wood Newton. Decorated triangular-headed window, s. aisle, i. 

211, Perpendicular triangular-beaded windows, clerestory 244; 

inscribed bell, ii. 26, ^ Sancta Margarita ora pro nobis." 
Wyke DyviB. Tower rebuilt a.d. 161 7, i. 301. 
Yarwell. Early English semi-circular pier arches of side chapels, 

i. 151 3 church contains stone benches as seats for congregation, 

ii. 30. 
HolmbyHouae, Forest Gate. JoHH T. Paoe. 

477. — Running Thursday. — In a curious little volume entitled 
The Life and Miraculous Conversion from Popery^ ^c. of Joseph 
Peiry . . . Written by himself" and published in 1727, tlie 
following passage occurs : — " I remember that I was dismally frighted 
the Day called Running Thursday, when there was such a Rumor all 
over the Nation, that the French and Irish were landed in England, 
and that they kill'd, burnt up, and destroyed, aU the Way that they 
went: This was in the Beginning of King William's Reign, and about 



1 



Man tell Family of Hey ford, 137 

us where I then lived, it was on a Thursday, and therefore called 
Running Thursday, though I have heard since, that in some places it 
was not till Friday ; a very terrible Time it was, while the Fright 
lasted.*' The writer was at the time in the service of sir Henry 
Robinson, at Cr^nsley. Do any other records exist of this so-called 
•' Running Thursday" in that neighbourhood or in other parts of the 
county? F. T. 

478. — Mantell (Mauntell) of Heypord and Collingtreb, 
AND OF Monk's Horton, go. Kent (346). — Since the insertion of 
my query as to the later history of the Mantells who were formerly 
seated at Hey ford, I have discovered a good deal about the family. 
Baker, in his History of Northamptonshire (Heyford, p. 183), says that 
" John Mantell of Heyford, in 1541, sallying forth in company with his 
brother-in-law. Lord Dacre, and others, on a nocturnal frolic to chase 
the deer in Sir Nicholas Pel ham's park in Sussex, encountered three 
men ; one of whom being mortally wounded in the affray, he and 
his associates were convicted of murder, executed and their estates 
escheated to the crown. To c( mplete the irretrievable ruin of the 
house his son Walter Mantell, together with his uncle Walter 
Mantell, of Monk's Horton, engaged in the Kentish insurrection to 
oppose the marriage of Queen Mary^ headed by Sir Thomas Wjatt, 
and being taken prisoners with him were sent to the Tower and 
soon after executed in Kent and attainted." 

Matthew Mantell, the son of Walter Mantell, of Monk's Horton, 
we find restored to his father's estates in the 15th of Elizabeth. 
Feeling sure that I should be able to discover something of the 
history of the family at Monk's Horton, I wrote to the clergyman, 
the Rev. J. T. Pearse, rector of Monk's Horton and vicar of Bra- 
bourne near Ashbourne, in Kent. He has very kindly sent me 
extracts of Mantells from his registers, together with the following 
information. I think it will be more to the point if I give his letter 

seriatim. 

Braboume Vicarage, Ashford, Kent, 

July 26, 1888. 
Dear sir, I am eorry to have left your letter about the Mantell family so 
long unanswered. There is a MS. book left by one of my predecessors (vicar 
of Braboume and rector of Monk's Horton) containing a copy of some 
correspondence between the then rector, Mr. Fausseft, and Mr. William 
Mantell on the subject of Horton priory being exempt from tithe. I -will quote 
from Mr. W. Mantell's letter what bears upon your question : whether the family 
have owned Horton priory from the time of queen Elizabelji. " In the 29th 
year of the reign of Henry the eighth, it was granted and given by letters 
patent to Bichard Tate, Esq., of Northamptonshire, to him, hia heirs, and 

18 



138 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

sasignB for ever, and is partionlarly expreased, exempted from payment of any 
tithes or tenths. In the reign of Edward the sixth, a licence was g^ranted from. 
the king to the said Richard Tate, Esq., to alien the said priory, and premises, 
ftc, to Walter Mantell, Esq., to hold of the crown as mentioned in the above 
letters patent, and to the heirs and assigns of the said Walter Mantell for ever. 
This is an abstract from the letters patent of Henry the eighth when granted to 
the said Richard Tate, and relative to our purchase of it from that gentlemaji. 
The last royal grant by which it was given and confirmed to ns in the fnU 
advantages of right and title, as when pnrchased, was by letters patent dated 
the 13th year of the reign of queen Elizabeth, to the grantee and male heirB 
for ever ; but in failure of male heir the reversion is in the crown." The date 
of the letter from which this extract is made is '' Rochester 7*^ y^ 29. 1765." 
The compiler of the MS. adds this note about Mr. William Mantell, ''a 
post-captain in the navy. This gentleman died soon after, and was buried in 
the chancel of Sellioge church, and the estate came to his brother, Henry 
Mantell, a purser in the royal navy." 

What remains of Horton priory is now occupied as a farmhouse by Mr. 
Blohardson, the tenant of Col. Gartwright, the present owner. There is some 
beautiful Norman work about it ; the date assigned by Sir G. Scott— 1150. I 
have been searching the registers for notices of the Mantell family, and made a 
rough copy of the names found which I will send you just as it is, not having 
time now to make a better copy, and being unwilling to keep you waiting any 
longer. Tou will observe the strange variations in spelling. I return the 
pedigree with many thanks and apologies for keeping it so long.' 

Yours faithfully, 

J. T. Pearse. 

Extracts from Registers of Moak*s Horton and Brabourne. 

Christened 

Walter je son of Walter Mantell gent the third day Februarie A* 

1604 

Christening 
Elizabeth ye daughter of Walter Mantell gent was christened ye 

XXV 111th day of June 1601 
Allexsander the sonn of M" Mantle was buried the second daye of 

September 1592 
Allexsander Mantle the sonne of Mr. Mathewe Mantle was baptiesed 

ye six daye of Marche 1585 
Jane Mantle the daughter of Luke Mantle was baptised the eyght of 

January 1585 
Ane Mantle ye daughter of Mathewe Mantle was baptised the 

twenty day of December 1584 
John ye son of Water Mantle July ye last a' 1608 
Phillip Mantle of Stouliing dark of this Parish ye second day 

[parchment torn away and illegible] 1606 married 
Mathew ye son of Walter Mantle 16 10 christened 
Thomas ye son of Walter Mantle Februaie 9 161 a christened 



I 

Mantell Family of Hey ford, 139 

Katheren ye daughter of Walter Mantle Aprell 2* a' 1614 
Bennet ye daughter of Walter Mantle July 5* a" 161 8 
Alse ye daughter of Walter Mantle the tenth day of August a* i6ao 
Maried Walter Mantel junior gent and Anne Hart maried : August i : 

1626 
1662 Feb. 26 Marryed John Mantle and Sybell Bridger 
166) June the ;tb baptized Anne daughter of John and Sibill 

Mantle 
1664 November the first baptized John Sonne of John and Sybill 

Mantle 
1664 Jan the 12 buryed Anne Mantle 

1666 Anne Mantle ye daughter of John & Sibille Mantle was 
baptized ye 19th day of May. the sayd Anne was buried ye 31 
of May, 1666 

1667 Mary the daughter of John & Sibyl Mantle was baptized ye 
19th of Januarie 1667 

1669 Mary the daughter of John & Sibel Mantel was buried ye s 

day of Aprel 1669 
1689 Agnes daughter of Mr. John Mantle of ye Priory April 4, 1689 
1692 William son of John Mantell^ January 22 : 92 
None of name Mantell entered after 1692 

Besides the above letter and extracts I have a letter, dated 
14th August, 1888, from co). Cartwright the present owner of Horton 
priory, and nephew of the late dean of Stamford (rev. £dward 
Reginald Mantell). He tells me that he inherited the priory from 
his uncle, but is afraid he can render me very little assistance as 
to the history of the Mantells, and that all he knows was 
contained in my letter. He adds, however : — *' the chief feature of 
the Mantell family was that they were all strict protestants, and I 
know, by Fox^s Martyrs^ that in 1554, in February, two Mantells 
were executed in Kent, for their adherence to the protestant faith (vide 
Fox^s Martyrs, vol. iii., p. 99).'* The pedigrees of the Mantells of 
Kent will be found in Berry's Genealogies of Kent, pp. i8j, 332, and 
in his Genealogies of Sussex, p. 20. The Kentish pedigree professes 
to be taken from the Visitation of Kent, by John Philipot, Rouge 
Dragon, in 1619, but I do not see the family of Mantell in the list 
of pedigrees entered in that year. I am afraid these pedigrees are not 
strictly correct, and must be used with caution. Col. Cartwright, I 
ought to have said, concludes his letter by saying : — " After Henry 
Mantell, a purser in the royal navy, and who died at Greenwich, 
Horton came into the hands of his son Augustus W. Mantell, who, I 
think, was born in 1776, and died in 1833, ^Q^ ^^ succeeded by my 

i8» 



140 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

nncle, the Rev. E. R. Mantell, in that year I will gladlj 

place at your disposal the papers I have relating to Hortou." I hope 
some day to be able to call on col. Cartwrigbt, and look at anything 
he has relating to the family ; and if I find anything of interest to 
the lover of old family history, I shall hope to send it to yoa as a 
later paper on this very ancient family. 

Nether Heyford, NorthamptoDshire. HsNRT H. Crawlbt. 

479. — The Welsh Bible in Althorp Library. — The 
Welsh fiible, which Earl Spencer recently brought into public notice^ 
was printed in 1677, and bears the following inscription : — 

" For S^ Robert Clayton Kn" & Alderman of the Citty of London. 
Those in thankefuU acknowledgement of his former bounty to Wales 
in contributing towards the printing this fiible, and Teaching inanj 
hundreds of poor children to read, & some to write. 

Jo. Tillotson 

Edw'. Stilllingfleet 

Ben. Whichcot 

Thomas fiirroin 

Jo Meriton 

Wm : Durham 

Edw Fowler" 

^ The bookplate of Sir Robert Clayton is pasted inside the cover, 
and bears the following inscription : — 

" S'. Robert Clayton of the City of London Knight, Alderman 
and Mayor thereof An® 1679." 

I have in my possession an interesting little volume, 

^< Some Aooount of the Life and Writmgs of the late Fiona and Learned 

Mr. James Owen, Minister of the Qospel in Salop. 
LovBOV t Printed for John Lawrenoe, at the An^el in the Ponltrej. xsooix." 

James Owen was ordained in 1676 and died in 1706, and in the 
second chapter of the biography there is a particular account of a 
kind of society formed for distributing Welsh Bibles and other books 
amons; poor families, and also, with great foresight, for teaching 
Welsh children to read English. The biographer of Owen speaks in 
laudation of " those pious and bountiful Distributions,'* and quotes 
" out of a Printed Paper " the account of the work already done. 
As I think it is plain that the Althorp Bible is connected with this 
work, the quotations may be of interest. 

"Whereas there are Two Thousand of a Treatise calKd Tht 
Practice of Piety, formerly translated into Welch, as also some 



The Welsh Bible at Althorp, 141 

Thousands of other Licensed Welch Books, and of our Church 
Catechism, and a practical Exposition now Printing ; the buying of 
which to be freely given to poor Familys in fValts, wou'd be a 
singular Work of Charity, tending to the Good of many Hundreds, 
who otherwise might be destitute of the Means of Knowledge. 

''And in regard that few poor Children are there brought up to 
reading, it wou*d be another good Work of Charity to raise and 
maintain several Schools for teaching the poorest of Welch children 
to read English^ and then the Buys to write and cast Accompts ; 
whereby they will be enabl'd to read our English Bibles, and 
Treatises, to be more serviceable to their Country, and to live more 
comfortably in the World. 

" We therefore whose Names are under-written do promise to 
contribute, during our Pleasure, towards the printing and buying the 
foremention'd Treatises 5 as also towards the teaching of poor Welch 
Children to read English, write and cast Accompts in such Towns 
where Schools are not already erected and settl'd by the Charity of 
others, provided that this charitable and pious Work be order'd and 
manag*d by Dr. Tillotson, Dean of Canterbury, and the rest whose 
Names are afterwritten. 

John Tillotson, Thomas Gouge, 

Benjamin W^hichcot, Matthew Poole, 

Simon Ford, Edward Fowler, 

William Bates, William Turner, 

William Outram, Richard Newman, 

Simon Patrick, James Reading, 

William Durham, Thomas Griffith, 

Edward Shillingfleet, John Short, 

John Meriton, William Gape, 

Hezekiah Burton, Thomas Firmin, 

Richard Baxter, 
Two of these names have a local interest, as Simon Ford was vicar 
of All Saints', Northampton (1660-166-) 5 and Simon Patrick, Dean 
of Peterborough (1679-1689). William Bates, Richard Baxter, 
Matthew Poole, Thomas Gouge, were noted Nonconformists ; and to 
the last of these the whole movement owed much, botb in its con- 
ception and execution. He was a man of considerable estate, and 
after his ejectment occupied himself principally in works of philan- 
throphy. When between 60 and 70 years of age he frequently travelled 
in Wales, and established between three and four hundred schools in 
the chief towns, and he paid the charges for some hundreds of 
children himself. "In 1675," says the Nonconformist's Memorial, 



142 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

■** he procured a new and fair impression of the Welch Bible and liturgy, 
to the number of 8000 ; one thousand of these were given away, and 
the rest sold much below the common-price.** The next remark is 
of interest as pointing, possibly, to the connection with Sir Robert 
Clayton, whose close association with Christ's Hospital is well 
known. " He used often to say with pleasure that he had two livings 
which he would not exchange for the greatest in England-, viz., 
Christ^s Hospital, where he used frequently to catechize the poor 
children, and fFdles where he used to travel every year (and some- 
times twice in the year) to spread knowledge, piety and charity.'* 
Before his ejectment from St. Sepulchre's, Thomas Gouge had 
ingenious and successful schemes for giving employment to the poor, 
and these seem to have afforded valuable hints to Thomas Firmio, 
the philanthropist, whose name also appears in the inscription of the 
Althorp Bible. It is not unlikely that in his later work Grouge was 
the means of interesting Sir Robert Clayton. 

Added to the covenant or appeal which appears in the biography 
of James Owen is a further statement or report, 

''An Account of what has been done in Wales this last Year, from 
Midsommer 1674, to Lady-day 1675, in pursnanoe of the abovesaid 
Trust, upon the Encouragement given by divers worthy Persons, to 
this pious and charitable Design." 

"I. In Fifty One of the chief Towns of fTaUs, Eight 
Hundred and Twelve poor Children have been^ and are put to School 
last year, by the Charity of others, before this Trust began. 

" 2. There have been bought and distributed in several Families 
Thirty Two fTelch Bibles; which were all that cou'd be had in 
fFales or London, 

"3. Two Hundred and Forty New Testaments in Welch, to be 
given away to poor People that can read Welch. 

" Five Hundred Whole Duties of Man in Welch, to be distributed 
in like manner. 

" which pious and charitable Undertaking has already provok'd 
divers of the better sort of the Welch to put above Five Hundred of 
the poorest Wdch Children to School, upon their own Account. 
So that about One Thousaud Eight Hundred and Fifty in all, are 
already put to School to learn to read English ; Attested by us, 
John Tillotson, Edward Shillingfleetj 

Benjamin Whichcot, John Meriton, 

Simon Ford, Thomas Gouge, 

William Durham, Matthew Poole." 

KorUiaiiipioB. T. GASauoiNB. 



Glimpses of Old Northampton, 143; 

480. — Rose Family of Daventry. — I hope some reader 
of Northamptonshire Notes and Queries may be able to assist 
me in discovering the lineage of William Rose of Daventry, 
who married Sarah, daughter of Harvey of Addington. Also, 
whether Thomas Rose (from co. DevoD, England), who settled in 
Limerick, and became sheriff of that county 1674, was the brother 
of William of Daventry. Please address direct 

CouU, Dornoch, Sutherlandshire, N.B. D. M. RoSE. 

481. — Glimpses of old Northampton. — There was published 
not long since, by Field and Tuer, a volume to which the following 
title was given : Through England on a Side-saddle in the Time of 
U^illiam and Mary ; being the Diary of Celia Fiennes. We are told 
in a brief introduction by the Hon. Mrs. Griffiths, who dedicates the 
book to the memory of her father, 13th Baron Sayeand Sele, that her 
kinswoman, Celia Fiennes, was sister of the third Viscount Saye and 
Sele, and that the Diary was kept during long journeys which she took 
for her own pleasure. The original MS. was given to Mrs. Griffiths 
by her father, and she has exercised a wise discretion in publishing it 
verbatim, believing that " any correction or alteration would spoil its^ 
quaint originality." It will be seen that there is no striving after 
literary effect, and that the lady troubles herself as little about 
orthography as did the famous Duchess of Marlborough. She was- 
generally, but not invariably, accurate in her notes, and was fairly 
well-informed j though it is clear she did not know to whose memory 
the Eleanor Cross at Northampton was erected. The town hall of 
which she speaks was the County Hall, and Linn is of course a 
mistake for Nene. The only date given is that of 1697, and it was 
in that year that Celia Fiennes paid her first visit to Northampton. 
Regarding this she says : — 

"Thence [i.^., from Shuggbery Hall] we went to Daventry 3. 
miles, a pretty large market town and good houses all of stone and 
so we enter into Northamptonshire. To Northampton town is 8* 
mile, w^ opens a noble prospect to y* sight a mile distant, a large 
town well built, y* streetes as large as most in London Except 
Holborn and the Strand, the houses well built of brick and stone,, 
some all stone, very regular buildings. The town hall is new built 
all stone and resembles Guildhall in Little tho' it is a good Lofty 
spacious place. There is two Bars in it w^ y* benches and seat 
distinct, over one of the Barrs is King William and Queen Mary's 
pictures at Length. The Church is new built, its very neate, there is 
two Rows of stone pillars at the Entrance of the Church on y* 
outside, and it is to be paved w^ broad stone but y* was not quite 



144 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

fiinished, they were at worke on some adornments at the ffront. 
There is abundance of new buildings which adds to the beauty of j* 
town. We enter the town from Daventry over a large Bridge, and 
the water runs twining about y* grounes w*^ rows of Willows on 
Each side of it w**" looks very pretty. Y* way out of town towards 
London you go by a Cross, a mile off the town called Highcross. it 
stands just in the middle of England, its all stone 12 stepps w^^ runs 
round it, above that is the stone Carv'd (finely, and there are 4 large 
Nitches about y* Middle, in Each is the statue of some queen at 
Length which Encompasses it w^ other Carvings as garnish, and so 
it rises less and less to y« top like a tower or Piramidy." (p. 96.) 

While on the same journey Mistress Fiennes called at Peterborough, 
and these were her impressions of the city and its cathedral: — 

" From Huntington town I went to Stillton 9 mile more and 
thence I went to y* citty of Peterborough in Lincolnshire fsicj w«* 
was 5 long miles, the wayes deep and full of Sloughs. It stands very 
high and to be seen at a great distance y* towers of y* minster being 
all in view — one would think it but a quarter of a mile when you 
have a mile or two still to it. Y* whole City Looks very well and 
handsomely built, but mostly timber worke : you pass over a Long 
stone bridg. The Streetes are very clean and neate, well pitchM and 
broad as one shall see any where, there is a very spacious market 
place, a good Cross and town hall on the top. The Cnthedrall is a 
magnificent building standing in the midst on advanced ground, all 
stone, ye walls very neately wrought, the front is in three great arches 
full of small stone pillars smoothly turn'd and half paces as it were 
in y* a side arches, the head is w** no high tower but 5 Little 
ones, 3 of w'** in the middle are higher and bigger than the other; 
between Each are 3 Peakes like great Canteliver windows but all 
finely Carv'd in stone. Y* middle arch is the entrance w*^ is 
exceeding Lofty, as is the Roofe of y* whole, and so well painted that 
it appears to be hollow Carving, this seems to be the two remarkable 
things in y® whole. Its a spacious place, but oue large isle w^ is in 
y« middle Leading up to y* quire, where I observed they put y« seate 
of any of their deceased dignatorys of the Church in Black w^ an 
escutcheon : here was one, so now here was the statue of y® person 
yt was last abbott and first Bishop of y^ place; there was also y* 2 
monuments of 2 queens, y* of Catherine of Spain being Harry y* 8*» 
queen, and also the statute of y" Queen Mary of Scotts that was both 
beheaded and buried here, and there is also y® picture of an old man 
wt^ ye Inscription of y* whole matter, w*^ was y* Sexton and dugg 
both their graves. Here is a pallace for y® Bishop, of stone 
Building very neate, and y« Doctors houses, all in a space called the 



The Sheppard Family. 145 

Colledg — very neate but nothing Curious. The river Linn washes 
the town almost round ; it Looks like a very jndustrious thriveing 
town — spinning and knitting amongst y® ordinary people." (p. 13 1.) 

Here is a sentence, worth transcribing, about Stony Stratford: — 
*' At Stony Stratford w*** is a little place built of stone they make a 
great deale of bonelace [bobbins were made of bone] and so they 
do all here about, its the manuffactory of this part of y* Country, 
they sit and work all along y* streete as thick as Can be." (p. 97.) 

In the course of a subsequent journey, the fair diarist comes again 
to Northampton, but this time she merely remarks : — " I describe 
nothing more of Northampton, but the Church was finished, the 
Entrance with a breast wall & paved and stepps within round 3 sides 
of the Church, which was begun w»» I was there before." (p. 284.) 

It says not a little for the good government of the country at the 
end of the seventeenth century, that though Celia Fiennes made 
several long journeys with apparently only two male attendants — one 
from Newcastle to the Land*s End — there is no sign of the little party 
having ever been molested, and on only one occasion did she suspect 
that fellow-travellers were highwaymen. We frequently meet with 
accounts of excellent markets, and hear very little of poverty or 
discontent. 

Rowley Park, Stafford. J. L. Cherry. 

482. — Thb Sheppard Family (59, i68, 221, 364, 379, 401, 
418, 440). — The following wills continue the series commenced at 
par. 418. Owing to the number of these Sheppard wills being 
larger than was at first thought probable, it has been considered 
advisable to give full abstracts of the remaining wills instead of 
printing them verbatim. 

Queen's College, Taunton. WiLLlAM CoWFER. 

William Shepard of Kingsthorpe, husbandman. 
"Will dated June 20, proved Aug. 2, 1544, " in eccle^ia parochiae 
omnium sanctorum ville Northampton." Bequeaths his body to be 
buried in the church yard of St. John Baptist in Kingsthorpe. For 
tithes forgotten 4^. To the mother Church of Peterborough 2d. 
To the repair of the bells two strikes of barley. The sum of four 
nobles to be " bestoyed " for him at his day of burial. Bequeaths 
four acres of land to his wife Alice for her life and then to his sons 
Thomas and Richard and their heirs. To his son Thomas the 
" inde'ture " of his house, the use of which shall, however, be to his 
wife Alice so long as she remain a widow. To the same son 
Thomas and his heirs, half an acre at Cowlb tounes end and another 

19 



146 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

half acre at Boughton Meare, his best coat, and also the crops of 
half an acre in Brakefield and of a rood at Stannyll and of a rood 
nnder the Park, for one year, after which these three pieoes of ground 
are to go to his wife Alice and his son Richard. To his wife Alice 
an acre in Shortlands in the Woodfield. To his daughter Joan 205. 
To his brother Clement his russet jacket. To Henry Beddington a 
food of barley in the Woodfield under the Park side. To each of 
bis godsons John and William Shepard, and Richard Broks a sheep, 
and to his godson William Broks a strike of barley. To his brother 
John Shepard aorf., to pray for him. Residue to his wife Alice and 
his son Richard whom he appoints executors. Clement Shepard his 
brother to be supervisor. Witnesses Sir Richard Pulcber, curate, 
Thomas Moys, Richard Hobbs, with others. 
Reference Mark, H. 54. 

Thomas Shepard of Wilbarston, husbandman. 
Will dated July 7, proved Sep. 2, 1^45. To be buried in the 
Church of All Hallows at Wilbanston. Bequeaths for his mortuary 
as the law requires. To the high altar of his parish Church for 
tithes forgotten 2orf. To the Mother Church of Peterborough 6rf. 
To the repair of his Parish Church and the bells 6s, %d. To the 
light of the torch 2Qd. To the Church of Stoke Albany 6s, Si. and 
to that of Colsell 3.9. 4(f. To his brother Robert Shepard a gown, a 
leather apron, a jacket, half his horses and mares, half the barley in 
the wheatfield and after the death of his wife the cupboard and a pair 
of qwems. To Jone Shepard half a quarter of malt. To his 
(? Robert's) sons Simon and Lebius a grene coat and to his 
( ? Robert's) sons John and Robert a violet coat. To Thomas Revell 
a sleeveless leather coat and a white leather doublet. To each of his 
godchildren God's blessing and his own, together with ^, in money. 
To Jane Wylls a heifer, and to Jone Ward John Abyis and Margery 
Brower a weaning calf apiece. To Robert £latt a russet coat and to 
his wife a pair of harden sheets. To Sir Robert Carbutt 6s. Sd. To 
Robert Bishop, Roger Wright, John Colprane & Winifred his wife 
certain wearing apparel and household goods. Bequeaths 20s for two 
trentals to be done for his soul and for all Christian souls. To 
William at the Hall a weaning calf, and a quarter of barley, and to 
£leanor Marshall a quarter of barley or malt. Residue to his wife 
Anne who is to dispose thereof by the counsel of Master Rowland 
Ofley, Thomas Smyth, and Sir Robert Carbutt. Witnesses Robert 
Shepperd, William Bellosys, Robert Peche, Henry Wakelyng and 
Sir Robert Carbutt. 

Reference Mark, K. 53. 



The Sheppard Family. 147 

Thomas Shepard, junior, of Kingthorpe, husbandman. 
Will dated June 23, proved July 24, 1 J46. To be buried in the 
Church Yard at Kingsihorpe. Bequeaths to the high altar for lack of 
tithes 4(^. To the repair of the bells of Kingstborpe 41/. To the 
Mother Church of Peterborough 413^. To his sons William and Simon 
335. 4£i. and 261. %d. respectively to be paid to them when 16 years 
of age. To his daughters Agnes and Jone 205. and 135. 4(f. 
respectively to be paid to them when 14 years of age. To his 
mother 3 strikes of barley. To his brother Richard a young hoggrell 
sheep. I'o his sou Simon an acre of land lying in the North Field. 
To Clement Shepard his best coat To his ghostly Father ^d, to 
pray for him. Residue to his wife Alice, appointing her sole 
executrix. Witnesses Richard Pulcher, curate, William Brouks the 
jrounger, John Relston, William Brouks and others. 

Reference Mark^ K. 85. 

Will of Anne Shepard, widow of Thomas Shepard, 
of Wilbarston. 
Will dated October i6, proved October 22, 1546. To be bnried 
in the Church of Wilbarston. Bequeaths for her mortuary 
according to law. To the high altar for tithes not well paid ao</., 
her best kerchief for a " coprax/* a table cloth for an altar cloth, and 
a towel for the "howslyng bord.*' To the bells 3*'. \d. and to the 
torches 20(f. To the altar of Stoke Albany and to the Church of 
Colsell 3i. 4i/. each. To the Mother Church of Peterborough 4(f. 
To Robert Shepard, to her godson Simon, to the wife of her brother 
John Sheperd, to Alice Butler, Amy Lee, Richard Lee, Jane Belays 
and her son Rowland, John Helyett senior and his wife, Thomas 
Pennell, Simon Belleys, Robert Carbutt junior, Richard Ebatt senior 
and his wife, John Besshope, Ellen Ebbys, Elizabeth Ebbys, Thomas 
Ebbys, Margaret Chester, Alice Mokyngton, Robert Baker's two 
children and his wife Ellen, Bridget Wakeley, Margery Brower, John 
Morter, Dorothy Cow, Eleanor Bege, Anne Dy mlbe, to all her God- 
children, to Margaret Smith of Stoke, Agnes Stott, and Jone Mo were, 
— legacies of various kinds, principally household stuff and wearing 
apparel. For two trentals she bequeaths 20 r. Her wood to be 
divided amongst the poor. To the Church of Wilbarston her best 
hilling *' for a herse to serue all them y^ hath none and to serue the 
parysson on Palme Sondaye.*' To the said Church of Wilbarston a 
table cloth, a towel, and a pillow here, " to be kepte all ways in the 
cofer w* -f regester boke." To four of the poorest folk in the town 
for the time being, (those mentioned in the will being Richard 

19* 



148 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

EUyot, John Bushop, Robert Elyett, Alice Mokellton) she beqaeatbs 
a cow, the milk of which is to go to each of the four id turn day by- 
day. Her hovel of wood to remain to her executors. Residue to 
John Colbrand, Richard Lee, and Harry Cowper, whom she appoints 
executors, to dispose of it for the wealth of her soul and of all 
Christian souls, at the discretion of Lybeus Lee, gentleman, and 
Thomas Smyth of Thorpe Lanketon, who are to have for their pains 
3J. 4^. apiece. Witnesses John Ward, Harry Wakeling, Andrew 
Deubery with others. 

Reference Mark, L 135. 

I should be glad to have an explanation of the bequest of a hilling 
" to serve as a herse," etc. 

483. — Hospital op St. John and St. James at Bracklbt 
(410, 432). — The following particulars of Brackley Hospital are offered 
to those who have opportunity to compare them with the county 
histories (Bridges and Baker). They are taken from a manuscript 
account of Brackley, copied by myself, from a former manuscript which 
was written by the late Mr. Thomas Hawkins when master of Magdaleo 
College School. I am inclined to think the account was prepared, if 
not by, for Mr. John Welchman, one of the later benefactors of this 
ancient foundation, and was submitted to Browne Willis for correction 
and additional information. It may be copied from a printed book, 
but I have never seen any account precisely similar. The possessions 
of the hospital, which could doubtless be traced by the authorities of 
the college, appear to be tenements in Brackley of the value of ^20 
yearly ; lands in Evenley and Sibford, a virgate of land, a rent charge 
of two marks, a virgate of land in Merkenfield, the site of Bracklej 
castle, the pool of the upper Vivary, three virgates of land in 
Brochampton, a charge for corn upon the manor of Halse, the manors 
of Bagworth and Thornton, in Leicestershire, and an annual charge 
upon the tolls of the fair and markets oi Brackley. 

'^ Robert Bossu, who succeeded Robert de Mellent as Earl of 
Leicester, and Lord of the Manor of Brackley, in 1118, gave to 
Solomon the Clerk, and his successors, an acre of land here in Brackley, 
whereon to build an hospital and a chapel, to the honour of St. John 
the Evangelist. In the hospital when built, it is said, was deposited 
the heart of Robert, Earl of Mellent his father, in a leaden coffin, 
which was preserved entire till the latter end of the fourteenth 
century. His son, Robert Blanchmains, succeeded Bossu in the 
Manor, and at his death, the Manor of Brackley remained in the 
hands of Margaret his widow, who gave as her daughter Arabella*s 



Brackley Hospital. 149 

wedding portion certain tenements in Brackley. From Arabella and 
her husband, William de Harcourt, these tenements of the value of 
£10 yearly, descended to John de la Haye and his wife Margaret, 
who sold them with other lands at Evenley and Sibford to the master 
and brethren of the hospital of St. John and St. James in Brackley 
for the sum of £600 sterling. Roger de Quenci, his second son, 
inherited the rest of the property, and was also Earl of Winchester. 
In his time was obtained a confirmation of the primary foundation of 
the hospital, built here by the Earl of Leicester, from King Henry 
III., and Hugh, bishop of Lincoln. He gave also to the said Hospital 
one virgate of land for the constant supply of one lamp. For the 
support of two chaplains, he gave a rent charge of two marks yearly, 
a virgate of land lying in Merkenfield, and ten marks yearly, out of the 
profits of the fair and market, of Brackley. By another deed he 
conveyed to the brotherhood of this bouse the whole site of his castle 
of Brackley, with the, pool of the Upper Vivary, In conjunction with 
Maud his wife, he bestowed on them three virgates of land in 
Brochampton, in the Manor of Sutham, which donation in the first 
year of King Edward i. was confirmed by Humphrey de Bohun, her 
father, the Earl of Hertford and Essex. De Quenci further ordered 
that a measure should be made for corn in the shape of a coffin, and 
gave directions that it should be placed in the right side of the shrine 
in which the heart of Margaret his mother lay entombed, and 
provided that it should be filled with corn from his Manor of Hawes, 
three times in the year for ever for the use of the Hospital. Thrice 
married, the Earl of Winchester left no issue male, and the Manor of 
Brackley, in the division of his estates, fell to his youngest daughter, 
the wife of Alan, Lord Zouch of Ashby, who died before his lady, 
leaving her in possession of Brackley. Lady Zouch was a benefactress 
to the Hospital. Her son Alan succeeded her, and at his death his 
estate was divided between his two daughters, at which partition the 
advowson of the Hospital was assigned to Maud, wife of Robert de 
Holland. Robert de Holland her son succeeded his mother in the 
Manors, and at his decease left them to Maud his only daughter, the 
wife of John Lord Lovell. Lord Holland was buried in the Hospital. 
The Hospital originally consisted of Master and Fellows, who were a 
kind of Secular Chaplains, and subject to no ecclesiastical rule. The 
Master, indeed, was obliged to be in holy orders, but with no 
obligation to residence. In 1423, upon the death of the Master, 
John Brokhampton, it was left without inhabitant. About this time 
license was granted to Maud Lady Lovell above named, who was now 
the widow of John Lord Lovell, to convert it into a house of Friars 



ISO Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Preachers, she having previously conveyed her Manors of Bag worth 
and Thornton, in Leicestershire, to the use of the Hospital. She 
appointed that the foundation should consist of thirteen brethren, of 
whom a prior should be head. There is reason to believe the Lady's 
intentions were never executed, nor the Hospital ever converted into 
the religious house she designed. For it appears to have been 
governed by Masters until the time of Francis Lord Lovell, her 
grandson and successor, and from him to have passed with the lands 
belonging to it, into the hands of the President and Fellows of 
Magdalen College, in Oxford. The College obliged themselves to 
maintain a stipendary Priest to sing and say Mass for the soul of the 
said Francis Lord Lovell, and for the souls of his ancestors. They 
now pay 2s. 6d. per annum to the Church of Lincoln^ pro 
indemnitate hujus hosp. In the 19th year of Henry viii., this 
chauntry was bestowed upon Robert Barnard, fellow of the college, 
with an annual stipend of £S 6s. 8d. Upon Barnard's decease, in 
the 2nd year of Edward vi.. it was made a free school, and endowed 
with twenty marks per annum. 

" This Hospital," my authority proceeds, " now in lease from 
Magdalen College, to Mr. John Welchman, of Brackley, lies in a 
ruinous condition. The old walls were taken down about fifty years 
since. In the modem Hall are 10 j shields, which were removed 
thither out of a garrett, and contain the arms of many of the 
nobility and gentry, and of eleven bishops* fees. The chapel is still 
subsisting, but stript of all its former decorations, the glass taken out 
of the windows, the seating gone, and the tombstones removed out 
of their places. It is about 122 feet in length by 22 in breadth, and 
hath only one aisle, with a low, broad tower on the nw. side, coped 
at the top, in which was a pretty large bell, taken down some 
years ago, and carried to Oxford, for the use of Magdalen College. 

On the south side of this chapel, near the high altar, was a 

confessionary of five arches. The east window was large and loftyt 
consisting of three divisions 5 and the side windows answered the 
proportion of that at the east. The Hospital was composed of two 
quadrangles, with the several offices belonging to it. In Leland*s 
time were several tombs of noblemen and women remaining in the 
presbytery of the chapel. He hath given us a description of five. . 
... Of these tombstones two only are now remaining, which are 
removed out of their places, and thrown under an arch one upon 
another." The right of sepulture appears to have been claimed again 
by the Welchman family, and granted in the case of a Mr. Bannister, 
former master of the College School, as lately as 1821. 



Ashhy Family. 



15' 



The accompanying engraving of Magdalen College School 
Brackley, is kindly lent by the Rev. I. Wodhams, head master. It 
does not include the new wing added to the school in 1886. 

Brackley. B. £. Pearson. 

484. — Hoard op Roman Coins. — In June, 1873, in a 
ploughed field called "White-leys," n.w. of the village of Bodington, 
on land in the occupation of Mr. Robert Miller, the property of Jr 
Leeman, Esq., was discovered a red jar with brown glaze full of 
Roman coins. The jar was broken but the size and shape were 
ascertained. The jar was 7} in. high, with a bulbous body, 4iin. 
diameter, a long neck, a small base, and a handle. It contained 
about 360 coins. I went soon after, drew the pot, and made the 
following list of the coins. 130 were in Mr. R. Miller's possession^ 
2 in Mr. R. Miller's, jun., 8 in Mr. HilFs, and 18 in Mrs. Lee's, and 
where the others had gone to I did not ascertain. They were all of 
the 3rd brass and in average condition. I entered as " undecyphered '* 
all those which could not be readily made out. A few of the coins 
came into the possession of Mr. S. C. Tite, of Towcester; and 
several years afterwards a few of the less good coins and fragments 
of the pot came into my possession. Probably, as usual, mosi of the 
coins were eventually lost. The decyphered coins range from a.d, 
»6j to 275. 

Victorinus . . . -47 

Tetricus 

Postumus 

Gallienus . 

Salon ina 

Claudius 

Quintillus 

Aurelian 

Undecyphered 



Canons Ajhb j. 



I 

13 

16 

I 

H 

7 

I 

Henrt Drtden. 



485, — AsHBT Family. — A family of , this name, claiming 
descent from the Ashbys of Quenby in Leicestershire, was located at 
Bugbrook in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, if not still 
earlier. Is there anything upon record concerning it ? According to 
a MS. pedigree that I have seen, the first known members of the line 
were three brothers, John, Henry, and Thomas, the last described as 
" of London." They were sons of a certain " Jone " Ashby, and 



152 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

are named in her will. The name of Jone's husband has not been 
ascertained. John Ashby, the eldest son, is stated to have died in 
1568, leaving, with other issue, a son Robert, born in 1546, died in 
1602. John, son of Robert, was born in 1576 and died in 1648. 
The descendants of this Robert dwelt at Bugbrook for several 
generations, where I believe they possessed an estate. Some of them 
eventually removed to Staines in Middlesex, at which place and 
elsewhere representatives are I understand yet to be found. I shall 
be glad of any information that may aid in connecting the 
Northamptonshire Ashbys with those of Leicestershire. 

Leigh, LanoaBbire. W. D. Pink. 

486. — Monumental Inscriptions from other' Countibs 
(27, 126, 181, 354, 453, 463). — The following inscriptions are cut 
on two flat tombstones, which lie to the south of the chancel, in the 
churchyard of Shangton, Leicestershire : — 

"Sacred to the Memory of the Rev*. Charles Markham m.a. 
formerly of Northampton who was upwards of 45 years resident 
Rector of this Parish he died the 4th day of Dc 1802 in the 81st 
year of his age." 

"Sacred to the Memory of Sarah Relect of the Rev<* Cha. 
Markham m.a. who departed this Life January 15th 18 15 Aged 80 
years." 

This Charles Markham was the son of William Markham, of 
Northampton, one of the six clerks in chancery, he was born in 1721, 
and in August, 1752, he was inducted to the living of Great Oxen- 
den, CO. Northampton; and in 1757 he was presented to the living 
of " Shanckton," or Shangton, co. Leicester, by Sir £dmund Isham, 
bart. The Rev. Ch«irles Markham also held the living of Church 
Langton, co. Leicester, as executor for the Rev. William Hanbury, 
from 1778 to 1782. In June, 1773, he married Sarah Thompson, of 
Shangton. 

The Rev. Charles Markham died, and was buried in the church- 
yard at Shangton, on the 8th Dec., 1802. C. A. M. 

487. — Plough Monday.— Plough Monday, or the first Monday 
after the Epiphany, the day " fixed upon by our forefathers as the 
period when the labours of the plough and other rustic toils begin," 
was formerly observed in some of the villages in Northamptonshire 
by the ploughmen— or, as they were called, "plough witches," 
probably owing to their being attired in female dress, and having 
blackened and bearded faces — who, having obtained possession of an 



Prebendaries of Peterbortmgh Cathedral. 153 

old wood plough, or part of one, drew or carried it from door to door 
through the village, the " plough witches ** rattling a coin in a tin 
box, and saying, "Remember the poor plougbboys." Should the 
occupier of any house not feel disported to give money, the shoe 
scraper, which is usually fixed in the ground, near the door, was 
" ploughed " or pulled up, either by way of revenge, or in a spirit of 
mischief. I have known ploughmen proceed to the neighbouring 
town, and call upon the tradesmen \irith whom their employers had 
dealings, and ask for money. The observance of taking round the 
plough has, in most villages, been long since discontinued. The 
money obtained by the " witches *' was usually spent in drink, so 
that the old custom, which appears to be dying out, is perhaps more 
honoured by the breach than in the observance. 

EendaL AlbX. PaLMBR. 

488. — Local Dialect (43> ^4> »09> 167,223,258, 34^1 385, 
466). — The word " gain *' referred to in art. 466, is used here in 
describing timber, the grain of which is straight and free from knots; 
and in other similar ways. Your correspondent has omitted to 
notice that the negative form is still in common use in the word 
"ungainly." R. G. S. 

489. — PRBBBHDAItlBS OF PbTBRBOROUOH CaTRBDRAL* — A. 

complete list of the prebendaries of Peterborough has not yet, it is 
thought, appeared in print. We give here the names of the 
prebendaries of the first stall, as far as ascertained, with brief 
notes of their preferments. Any addition or correction will be 
received with thanks. The remaining stalls will be given in 
subsequent parts. 

In the original charter of the cathedral there were six prebendaries 
named. This number was retained until the present century ; but 
the " Cathedral Act '* suppressed two of their stalls, and there are 
now but four. The name was also retained until the same time, 
but the occupants of the stalls are now called ** Canons," in 
compliance with the provisions of the same act. The house 
attached to each stall was however styled " Prebendal House " until 
very recently, and perhaps the name is not yet obsolete. 

W. D. SWBSTINO. 

First Prbbbnd. 

I Matthew Whittall, D.D., 1541. 

A aecoUr priest. His name ie not in the charter, where we ftad 
Roger Bird, who doee not however appear to have been appointed. 

20 



154 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

2 John HowetoQ (or Hatton, or Houghton) M.A., 38 Hen. viii. 

Rector of Eydon ; deprived of rectory and prebend 1654. {See ait. 
176.) So says Bridges. Aooording to another list his name was Thomas. 
Thomas Houghton was rector of Blatherwick, 1666—1618. WilHs says he 
was preb. of York, and died 1649. 

3 Richard Peter (or Piers), LL.B. 

Rector of Corby, 1641. Precentor of Exeter. He resigned 6 Oct, 
1666. He is said to hare never been at the Church. 

4 Anthony Burton, B.D., Cant., 6 Oct., 1556. 

Called Arthur in Kennett's MS. He was vicar-general in 1661 ; 
appointed rector of Kettering, 1661 ; of Harrington in the same year ; of 
S. LufEsnham, 1662; and of the Cranfords, 1668. He resigned 8. 
Lulfenham in 1671 in favour of Rob. Cawdrey. 

5 Robert Rodes, B.D., Cant, 1^70. 

6 William Bayly, M.A., Cant., 1590. 

Fellow of S. John's, 1677. Rector of S. Luffsnham in sncoession to 
Rob. Cawdrey, who was deprived in 1688. He resigned his prebend 27 
Mar., 1696. Rector of Wapenham, 1614. In 1698 he became B.D., and 
was appointed archdeacon of Northampton and prebendary of the 3rd 
stalL He had been fellow of S. John's. Resigned archdeaconry in 
1603-4. 

7 William Smith, B.D., Cant, 1595. 

Resigned prebend in 1602. Willis says, *' He became, as I take it, 
Master of Clare-hall Cambridge, Anno 1698, and soon after Rector of 
Willingham in Ely diocese." Possibly the same as William Smith, D.I>., 
chaplain to king James i., and author of : — The Black-Smith, a Sexmon 
preached at White-Hall . . on Loe-Snnday. 1606. 

8 Tobias Bland, M.A., Cant., 1602. 

Sub-almoner to queen Elizabeth. Rector of Abbots Ripton, co. Hunts. 
B.D. 1691. Notice of him in Athena Cantdbrigieneee, He was chaplain 
to lord Saint John of Bletsoe. Buried at Kings CUfib, 1606. He was of 
Pembroke hall, and aftevwards of Corpus. He was author of: — ^A 
necessary Catechism to be red every Sunday mominge. (For this he was 
charged, about 1682, with publishing an Infamous libel, and after confess- 
ing his fault and being put in the stocks, he was expelled his college.)— 
A Baite for Momvs, 1689. 

9 John Bridgeman, M.A., Cant., 1605. 

Fellow of Magdalene. Afterwards B.D. Resigned prebend in 1616. 
Rector of Wigan, 00. Lane, and canon of Exeter, 1616 ; bishop of Chester, 
1619, holding rectory of Bangor Iscoed, co. Flint, in commendam. Exi>elled 
from his bishopric under the Commonwealth. He died 1662 and was buried 
at Einnersley, 00. Salop. He was father of sir Orlando Bridgeman, lord 
chief justice, and keeper of the great seaL The Record Society has 
published I^pans, &c., paid by the Clergy of Chester, from the private 
ledger of bp. Bridgeman. 



Prebendaries of Peterborough Cathedral. 155 

10 John Williams, B.D., Cant.^ 1616, 

Fellow of S. Julm*8 college. In 1619 appointed dean of Salisbmy, 
and in 1620 of Westminster. In 1621 appointed keeper of the great seal, 
and bishop of Lincoln. In 1641 made archbishop of York. He died in 
1650. Rector of Grafton Underwood, oo. Korthants., 1611-21. He held 
the rectory of Walgrave in oommendam with his bishoprics. Died at Aber- 
oonway in Wales. Notice of him in Wood's Fatti ; and his life was written 
by Bi^op Hacket. His letters, and docnments relating to him, have been 
edited with notes by J. E. B. Mayor, 1866 ; and the Unpublished 
Correspondence with the marqnis of Ormond, edited with notes by B. H. 
Beedham, 1869. Among his works are : — ^A Sermon of Apparell, 1620. — 
Great Britain's Salomon, 1626. — Persenrantia Sanctorom, a fast sermon, 
1628.— A Sermon at Westminster Abbey, 1628.— The Holy Table Name 
and Thing, 1637. — A copie of the Letter written to the Vicar of Gr: 
[t.#. Grantham] against the placing of the Communion Table at the East 
end of the Chancell. — ^The substance of a Speech [delivered 1640] in the 
House of Lords on the Impeachment of the Earl of StafEbrd. Printed in 
1715.— The Speech [in 1641] of Br. Williams, Lord Archbishop of York, 
p. 88 of An Apology for the Ancient Right and Power of the Bishops to 
Sit and Vote in Parliament, 1660.— A Manual or Three Small and Plain 
Treatises, 1672.— Annotationes in Vetus Teetamentum, 1704. — YariouB 
Articles of Visitation, 1625, 1627, 1630-1, 1635, 1641. 

A very rare portrait of him, issued at Amsterdam, represents him with 
a helmet on instead of a mitre, and with a musket on his shoulder, otherwise 
dressed as a bishop. This alludes to his personally assisting to retake 
Conway castle, his own property. See Granger's Biographical History, ii. 
158. 

11 Thomas Swift, B.D., Cant, 1621. 

Rector of Waddington, 00. Line. ; died in 1646. 

12 Simon GuntoD, M.A., Cant., 1646. 

Vicar of Pytchley, 1637 ; rector of Eiskerton, 00. Line, 1666 ; vicar 
of Peterborough, 1660-67. Author of :— -God's House with the Nature 
and Use thereof, 1667. — A Discourse on Bodily Worship, 1660 and 1661. 
— ^The History of the Church of Peterburgh, [issued by dean Patrick,] 
1686. He died in 1676. Buried at Eiskerton. The inscription over his 
grave, partly illegible, is thus given by Willis:— '* P. M. S. sub hoc 
Lapide deposit! sunt Cineres Simonis Gunton Ecd. Petriburgensis 
Prebendaxii, Ecd. Anglican^ restitute restitnti, Ecol. . . . Reotoris 

pii requiem tandem . . . Anno Domini 1676, iEtatis 

BUSS 66." 

13 John Workman, M.A., Oxon., 1676. 

Eellow of All Souls ; rector of Hamilton, 00. Rutl. (where he died 
1685) ; and of Peakirk with Glinton, 1682. He left some books to the 
cathedral library. He was buried in the cathedral ; the inscription on his 
monument is given ante, art. 23. Willis gives a long English inscription, 
no longer to be found in the cathedral. Erom it we learn that he was 
bom at Adderleigh, 00. Glouo., and was chaplain to bp. Henahaw, and 
rector of Brails, 00. Glouo. 

20* 



156 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

14 John Patrick, B.D., 1685. 

Afterwards D.D. ; died 1695. He wae preacher at the Charter-hoose; 
and precentor of Chioheeter ; brother of Simon Patriok, who waa dean of 
Peterborongb, and afterwards biriiop of Chichester and Ely. There is a 
gravestone to him in the chapel of the Charterhome, with this inscription ; 
** Here lyes the body of John Patrick, B.D. Preacher to this House 24 
Years, who departed this life 19 Deo. 1695, his Works praise him." 
Anthor of :— Beflection upon the Devotions of the Boman Church, 1674. 
— A Century of Select Psalms, 1679, frequently reprinted. — A Full 
l^ew of the Doctrines and Practices of the Ancient Church relating to 
the Eucharist, 1688. — Also editor of Chillingworth's Beligion of 
Protestants. 

25 John Evans, M.A., ^^9S' 

He died in 1718. Bector of UiBngton, co. Lino., and there buried. 
On a table monument in the churchyard is this inscription:— "M.S. 
lohannis Evans A.M. hujus Eodesitt Parochialia de UfBngton in Agro 
Lincolniensi Beoloris Seduli neo non Ecdesie CathedraUs In St Petio 
Burgo Canonici Majoris Dam inter Yiros fait qiiam pacifice Hospitaliter, 
Erga Egenos Liberaliter 8e (Jessit Parochianos bene Deo optime Notnm 
fait obiit 22 Nov. Anno Salutis 1718 iBtatis susb 78." 

16 George Carter^ D.D^ Oxon., 17 18. 

Provost of Oriel ; died in 1727. He was also vicar of Lydde, 00. Kent, 
and prebendary of London and Bochester. Buried in Oriel college ofaapeL 

17 John Gibson, D.D., Oxon., 1727. 

Ptovost of Queen's; rector of Farthingston, and prebendary of Lincoln, 
Died in 1780. 

18 Thomas Robinson, M.A., 1730. 

Fellow of Merton college, Oxf., 1721 ; B.D., 1781 ; vicar of Pontelaad, 
00. Northumb., 1732 ; D.D. 173^. Among his works are :— Youthful lusts 
inconsistent with the ministry, a sermon, 1780.— Hesiodi Ascnsi qpm 
extant, Gr. Lat. 1737. 

ap Peter Stephen Goddard^ D.D., 176K. 

Died in 1781. Fellow of Clare hall; afterwards master; rector 
of Fomham All Saints and Westley, co. Suff. ; chaplain to bishop 
of Korwich ; prebendary of S. Paul's. Author of :— A Sermon preached 
at the Consecration of Clare Hall chapel, Cambridge, 1769. — Sermona 
preached before the University of Cambridge, 1781. — ^Also single sermona 
published in 1746, 1756, 8 in 1759, 1760, 1769, 1781. 

%o Thomas Winstanley, 1 7 8 1 . 
Died in 1789. 

at Benjamin Barnard, M.A., 1789. 

Kector of Peakirk with Olinton, 1801. Buried at Pealdrk, wheia is 
this inscription on the north side of the altar :— <* Sacred to the beloved 
memory of the Bev. B. Barnard, M.A., no less distinguished by the urbanity 
of his Manners than by the integrity of his life. Bector of this Parish, 
and many years Prebeoidary of the Cathedral Church of PeterboKongh. 
Ha died the 17th of September, 1815, aged 79 yeara." 



Prebendaries of Peterborough Cathedral. 157 

32 Joseph Parsons, M.A., 1815. 

Rector of Holiwell, co. Beds. ; of Peakirk with Glinton, 1815. Bied 
1820 ; buried in the cathedral. The presentation fell to the bishop hj 
lapse, the dean not assenting to the chapter nomination. Prebendary 
Parsons was brother-inOaw to bishop Parsons. A tablet to his memory in 
the new building of the cathedral has this inscription :—" Joseph Parsons 
M.A. prebendary of this cathedral church, and rector of Peakirk cum 
Clinton in Northamptonshire, and of Holwcll in Bedfordshire, died 
Pebruvry Ist 1829, aged 67. L«tetia Catherine Parsons wife of the above 
Joseph Parsons died December 24th, 1829, aged 25. « The memory of the 
just is blessed.'" 

33 John James, M.A., Oxon., 1829. 

Fellow of S. John's college, Oxford ; head master of Onndle sohool ; 
vicar of Southwick; of Maxey, 1832-60; of Peterborough, 1888-50; 
rector of Peakirk with Olinton, 1850-65; of Peakirk (separated from 
Glinton) 1865 to his death in 1868. Buried in cathedral graveyard at 
Peterborough. The nave pulpit in the cathedral is erected to his memory. 
The following of his sermons have been printed : — On Beath of Prinoesa 
Charlotte, at Oundle, 1817.— Club Sermon, at Brigstook, 1824.~At Biahop 
Marsh's Visitation, Oundle, 1831. —The Christian Temple, at archdeacon 
Davys* VisitatioD, Peterborough, 1844. — Farewell Sermon at S. John's, 
Peterborough, 1850. — On Death of Prince Consort, at Peterborough 
Cathedral, 1861. He waa also author of the fdlowiug works, the first two 
of which ran through many editions :~Comment upon the Collects, 1824. 
Christian Watchfulness, 1839.— The Happy Communicant, 1849.— Proper 
Lessons, with Commentary, 1840.— The Mother's Help, 1842.— Practical 
Comment on the Ordination Services, 1 846.— Devotional Comment on the 
Morning and Evening Services, 1851.— Evangelical life, 1855. — Spiritual 
life, 1869. The last work in this list was dated 1869, but published late 
in December, 1868. Dr. James died 15 Dec. 1868. 

a4 Brooke Foss Westcott, B.D., Cant., 1869. 

Formerly fellow of Trinity college, Cambridge; second master of 
Harrow school ; D.D., 1870 ; examining chaplain to bishop Magee ; regius 
professor of divinity at Cambridge, 1870 ; resigned canonry, 1883 ; exam* 
ining chaplain to archbishop of Canterbury, 1883 ; canon of Westminster, 
1884 ; rector of Somersham with Pidley and Holme, 00. Hunts., 1870-82 ; 
chapliiin to the Queen; fellow of King's college, Cambridge, 1882. 
Among his works are : — Elements of Gh>spel Harmony, 1851.— History of 
the New Testament Canon, 1855.— Characteristics of the Gospel Miracles, 
1859.— Introduction to the Study of the Gospels, I860.— The Bible in the 
Church, 1864. — The Gospel of the Resurrection, 1866.— The Spiritual 
Office of the Universities, 1869.— A View of the History of the English 
Bible, 1868.— The Christian Life Manifold and One, 1869.— Our Attitude 
towards the War, 1870. — The Constructive Work of the Christian 
Ministry, 1870.— On the Religious Office of the Universities, 1873.-^ 
Student's Guide to the University of Cambridge, revised edition, 1874. — The 
Paragraph Psalter, 1879.— From Strength to Strength, Sennon at Conse- 
cration of Bishop lightfoot, 1879. — Steps in the Christian life, 1880. — 
Our Debt to the Part, the Revelation of the Risen Lord, 1881.— The New 



IS8 Northampionshire Notes and Queries. 

Testament in Greek ; by B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort, 1881.— The 
lesaon of Biblical revision, a sermon, 188 L— The Oospel according to St. 
John, 1882.— The Historic Faith, 2nd ed., 1883.— Epistles of St. John, 
1883.— The Revelation of the Father, 1884.— Faithful is He that calleth, a 
sermon, 1884.— The Vision of Gkxl, a sermon, 1886. — Disciplined Life, 1886. 
— Christus oonsummator, 1886. — Dedication sermon, Allhallows, Baridng, 
1886. — Social Aspects of Ghristianity, 1887. — Ohuroh Missionary qieechy 
1887.— The Victory of the Cross, sermons, 1888. 

25 John Cotter MacDonnell, D.D., Dubl.. 1883. 

Rector of Misterton, co. Leic, 1880. Formerly canon of S. Patrick, 
Dublin ; vicar of Laraoor, co. Meath, 1864-62 ; dean of Gashel, 1862-73 ; 
vicar of S. Mary, Leicester, 1873-76 ; rector of Walgrave, 00. Korthants., 
1876-80 ; hon. canon of Peterborough, 1878-83. Among his works are: — 
The Doctrine of the Atonement, a sermon, 1856. — Donnellan Lectures on 
the Atonement, 1868. — Act Sermon, Our High Priest in Heaven. I860. 
— The Things that are Wanting, Sermon at Consecration of Bishop Magee, 
1868.— Shall we commute P 1869.— Essay on Cathedrals in Ireland, 1872. 
—The Church of England and Catholic Ueage, 1874. 

490, — GiBBEs Family, of Towcester. — I am anxious to 
obtain information relating to a Northamptonshire family of Gibbes 
or Gibbs, derived from Wicken in that county, and residing at 
Towcester from early in the i8th century. 

Charles Gibbes, (eldest son of Anthony Gibbes, of Wicken Park, 
gent.) baptised at Wicken, 1 66 1, was buried there, "from Towcester," 
'733*3'^^ left issue by Mary [Willet or Williat] his wife, Charles, 
Anthony, Mary, Robert, and Hugh, all baptised at Wicken. Charles, 
the eldest son, married Elizabeth Key, of Abthorpe, in the parish of 
Towcester, drca 1728 to (730, and apparently then settled there, as 
he is described as of Towcester in 1733, and, according to memoranda 
in my possession, died in 1779. This Charles Gibbes had issue a 
son Charles, an attorney at Towcester ; a daughter Elizabeth, mairied 
to the Rev. Robert Duncumb, rector of Prince William's Parish, in 
Carolina (see Burke*s Extinct Baronet s^ under Duncumb, of Tangley 
Park) ; a daughter, married to R. Kingston, Esq., of Towcester ; and 
another daughter, whose name I do not know. 

I shall be much obliged if those of your correspondents who are 
able will kindly furnish me with further and more exact particulars 
relating to this family, from any sources to which they have access. 

Long Barton Vioarage, Sherborne. C. H. Mato. 

491. — Glimpses OP Old Northampton: Its Signs. — Prefaces 
have been aptly likened to signs to public- houses. "They are 
intended," says a writer, ''to give one an idea of the kind of 
entertainment to be found within." No excuse is offered, therefore. 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 159 

for prefacing a series of notes on some Northampton signs — which 
may serve to call up visions of old Northampton, old houses, shops, 
and residents — by a notice of signs in general. This must necessarily 
be brief and imperfect — the one from considerations of space, and the 
other because of the far-reaching character of the subject. 

Sign-boards are as old as Greece and Rome. It is evident from 
the writing of Aristophanes and others that they were used by the 
Greeks, while the excavations of the ruins of Herculaneum and 
Pompeii indicate their extensive use amongst the Romans, from whom 
it is probable our forefathers adopted them. Although now 
comparatively unimportant, house signs were, at a time when few 
could read or write, indispensable, appealing as they did to the eye in 
onmistakeable language. As education spread^ the system of 
numbering houses was introduced, and when people could read a name 
and decipher a number, signs were no longer necessary. Their object 
was, of course, to make known the business of a house or shop. 
Hence, amongst the Romans, the grave-digger put out a pickaxe and 
lamp ; the carpenter, a saw, adze, and chisel j the baker, a bushel, a 
mill-stone, and ears of com 5 and the physican his cupping-glass 3 
while the schoolmaster announced his calling by the figure of a boy 
being birched. Misson, a traveller in England in the last century, 
described the shoemaker as exhibiting the figure of a shoe ; the baker, 
that of a loaf; and the fruiterer, different kinds of fruit. At 
varying times a dog licking a porridge bowl, a frying-pan, or a 
dust-pan, has served to indicate the ironmonger; a tea canister or 
golden teapot, the grocer and so on. " The Hand and Shears/' to 
quote from The Adventurer (1752), "is justly appropriated to tailors, 
and the Hand and Pen to writing-masters. . . . The Wool pack 
plainly points out to us a woollen draper 3 the Naked fioy elegantly 
reminds us of the necessity of clothing; and the Golden Fleece 
figuratively denotes the riches of our staple commodity ; but are not 
the Hen and Chickens and the Three Pigeons the unquestionable right 
of the poulterer, and not to be usurped by the vender of silk or linen ? 
. . . Would not anyone inquire for a hosier at the Leg^ or for a 
locksmith at the Cross Keys ? and who would expect anything but 
water to be sold at the Fountain?" Addison, in The Spectator 
(No. 28), speaks of having seen a goat set up before the door of a 
perfumer, and the French king's head at a sword-cutlers. These were 
evidently not in keeping with his rule that every shop should make 
use of a sign, which bore some affinity to the wares in which it dealt. 
For this reason he declares that *' a Cook should not live at the Boot, 
nor a Shoemaker at the Roasted Pig." In the matter of ''signs" 



i6o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the 19th has little in common with either the 17th or 18th ceDtury. 
The author of the interesting work, CuriosUies of Ale and Beer^ 
justly observes that " sign-boards at the present day may be said to 
inspire the historian with something of a melancholy feeling. A 
hisc6ry of them is a history of a by-gone arc, which has long passed 
its zenith, which has served its purpose, and which is destined to 
decay, more and more, before the advance of modern education. 
Truly the glory of sign-boards is departed ! Though one sees here 
and there a barber*s pole, a golden fleece, and a few other signs of 
divers trades, inn-keepers and ale-house keepers are the only persons 
who, as a class, keep to their old, distinctive mark.** This distinctive 
mark was, at the first, a long pole attached to the front of the house, 
or standing in the road before the door. This was the ale*stake 
spoken of by Chaucer, who makes his Pardoner, when asked to tell a 
tale, say : — 

** It shall be donn," qnod he, " and that anoon. 

But first " quod he, "here at this ale-stake 

I will both drynke and byten on a cake." 

In Decker's Wonderful Yeare (1603), the bush at the end of the pole 
is spoken of as ''the antient badge of a country ale-house." Its 
original use was probably to tell the ale-connor * his services were 
required, although an old author remarks that " the ale-pole doth bat 
signifye that there is good ale in the house where the ale-pole standeth, 
and will tell him that he must go near the house, and that he shall 
find drinke, and not stand sucking the ale-pole in vain.'* 

To the pole was subsequently added a bunch of ivy — the " bush/* 
from whence "good wine needs no bush" — a custom which, 10 
Chaucer's time, had developed into " ale garlands " of considerable 
size. Then came a further developement by the addition of a carved 
or painted tffigf of a swan, a cock, a hen, or some other bird or beast; 
and so on until what has been described as " the sign-board*s palmy 
day" was reached. According to The Adventurer (No. 9), from 
which we have already quoted, the extravagance of " the numerous 
fraternity of publicans " in this matter, called aloud ** for reprehension 
and restraint.** " Their modest ancestors,** the writer contiuueSy " were 
contented with a plain fiough stuck up before their doors. • . . Bat 
how have they since deviated from their ancient simplicity? They 
have ransacked earth, air, and seas, called down sun, moon, and stars 
to their assistance, and exhibited all the monsters that ever teemed 
from fantastic imagination." In keeping with the foregoing is 

* The ale-connor was a person appointed at every Court Leet to look to th* 
aaaize and goodness of ale and beer. 










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Glimpses of Old Northampton. i6i 

Addison's description of the streets of London as being ''filled with 
Blue Boai%, Black Swans, and Red Lions; not to mention Fljing 
Pigs, and Hogs in Armour, with many other creatures more 
extraordinary than any in the Desarts of Africk." He would have 
forbidden that creatures of jarring and incongruous nature should be 
joined together in the same sign, such as The Bell and The Neats- 
Tongue, or the Dog and the Gridiron. "The Fox and Goose/* he 
adds, "may be supposed to have met, but what has The Fox and 
Seven Stars to do together ? and when did The Lamb and Dolphin ever 
meet, except upon a Sign-Post/' Many signs are a play on words. 
For instance " Dewdrop," as the name of a public-house at Chelten- 
ham, is suggestive of, or might be suggested by, the mountain-dew. 
But the full designation is The Dewdrop Inn — a punning invitation^ 
"Do drop in." In this connection may be mentioned The Why 
Not, at Buckby Folly in this county. 

This leads us to remark further, on some of the curiosities 

or comicalites of signs. Take, for instance, such extraordinary 

juxtapositions as The Crown and Six Cans, The Five Bells and 

BUde-Bone, The Ham and Whistle, and The Ass in a Band-Box. 

Again, what a Magpie has to do with a Crown, a Goose with a 

Gridiron, a Whale with a Crow, a Hen With a Razor, a Frying-Pan 

with a Drum, or a Shovel with a Boot, passes ordinary comprehension. 

"When," writes an authority on this subject, ''we shall have 

discovered the relation between a beer-shop to the Battle of 

Waterloo, we may hope to penetrate the mystery of The Whistle 

and Oyster, or The Three Coffins and Sugar-Loaf." We have 

oddities, too, in the form of The Blue Anchor and Bells, 

The Blue Eyed Maid, The Crooked Billet, The Crown and 

Shears, The Experienced Fowler, The Man in the Moon, The Old 

Red Cock, The Old Red Cow, and the Old Pied Bull ; The Ship 

Afloat, The Ship Aground, The Sun and Sword, The Sun and the 

Apple Tree, and a thousand and one other combinations of a similar 

character. Kings and queens, princes and princesses, dukes and 

duchesses, earls, lords, and sirs, admirals and generals, and even saints 

and angels are common in public-house signs. *' Why,*' asks The 

Adventurer, ''must the Angel, the Lamb, and the Mitre, be the 

designations of the seats of drunkenness or prostitution ? '* 

Addison indicates one mode of accounting for some of these 
incongruities and absurdities by the statement that it was usual for 
a young tradesman, at his first setting up, to add to his own sign, 
that of the master whom he served. Changes of another kind 
were, however, frequent Goldsmith, commenting on the influence 

21 



1 62 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

of signs, relates bow '* an alehouse keeper near Islington, who had 
long lived at the sign of the French King, upon the commencement 
of the last war, pulled down his old sign and put up that of the 
Queen of Hungary. Uoder the influence of her red face and golden 
sceptre he continued to sell ale, till she was no longer the favourite 
of bis customers ; he changed her, therefore, some time ago, for the 
King of Prussia, who may probably be changed in turn for the next 
great man that shall set up for vulgar admiration." This reminds us 
of Flecknoe's description ''of your fanatik reformers," the Puritans, 
in h\s Mnigmatical Characters (1665). "As for the signs," he 
observes, "they have pretty well begun their reformation already, 
changing the Salutation of Our Lady into the Souldier and Citizen, 
and the Catharine Wheel into the Cat and Wheel, so that there only 
wants their making the Dragon to kill St. George, and the Devil to 
tweak St. Dunstan by the nose to make the reformation complete. 
Such ridiculous work they make of their reformation, and so jealous 
are they against all mirth and jollity, as they would pluck down the 
sign of the Cat and Fiddle, if it durst but play so loud as they might 
hear it." 

Some of these early signs were of considerable size. In the 
time of Henry v. the competition in this direction was so great that 
they became obnoxious to the Authorities in consequence of their 
extending "too far over the King's Highway to the impeding of 
riders and others," and their protrusion more than seven feet across 
the road was prohibited on pain of a 40J. fine. This, however, did 
not stop the evil, for a subsequent Royal Order prohibited such 
monstrous signs as " made the thoroughfares close in the daytime, 
and prevented the lights of the lamps spreading properly at night ; " 
while in the time of Charles 11. it was found necessary to decree that 
"in all the streets no signboard shall hang across, but that the sign shall 
be fixed against the balconies or some convenient part of the house." 
So late even as 17 19 they were described by Misson as jutting out so 
far " that in some narrow streets they touch one another j nay, and 
run across almost to the other side.*' A deal might be written on 
the influence of sign-boards on political and social life, and with 
respect to the royal and other proclamations regarding their use — or 
misuse rather. One of the most curious instances was the order of 
Good Queen Bess " that portraits of herself, made by unskilful and 
common painters, should be knocked in pieces and cast into the fire," 
since none of them sufficiently expressed " the natural representation 
of hir Majesties person, favour, and grace." In this connection we 
may mention that in the reign of £dward iv., an unfortunate man 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. i6^ 

named Walker^ a substantial citizen and grocer in Cheapside, who 
kept the sign of the Crown, lost bis head for saying be would 
make bis son heir to the Crown. Hence in Shakespeare's 
" Richard iii." (act iii. scene 5) occurs the passage : 

Tell them, how Edward put to death a oiticen ! 
Onlj for saying he would make his eon 
Heir to the Oreum ; meaning indeed his honae. 
Which, by the siffn thereof, was termed so. 

The size of some of these signs was equalled only by tbeir 
cost. The French writer we have alluded to refers to several " that, 
with the branches of iron which support them, cost over a hundred 
guineas ; " and the Gentleman s Magazine for 1770, informs us that 
tbere were signs and sign-irons on Ludgate Hill which cost several 
hundred pounds. In most cases tbe ornamental ironwork was tbe chief 
feature, although Addison tells us there were tbose tbat ** looked rather 
like a capital picture in a gallery than a sign in tbe streets." The 
sign of tbe White Hart, in existence till the end of tbe last century 
at Scole, in Norfolk, was described by Sir Thomas Brown in 1665 
as ''the noblest sign-post in England.'* It consisted of '* a white 
bart, which hangs down carved in a stately wreath," and was erected 
in tbe year 1663 by a well-known Norwich merchant, named Peck, 
at a cost of over gSiooo, At Barley, near Royston, there is a sign 
in front of one of the inns, reacbing across the street, representing 
a " Fox-hunt," the figures being carved in wood and decorated. 

From signs to tbeir painters is not a far cry. Royal academicians 
(Mtllais included) bave not been above this decayed branch of art, 
and more than one painter, whose style of living at "mine host's *' 
had incurred a bill he could not discbarge, liquidated bis score with 
his brush, by painting a sign-board. Oxford street once boasted of a 
sign named The Man Loaded with Mischief — representing a man 
bearing on his back and shoulders, a woman, a magpie, and an ape — 
which was painted by Hogarth for an alehouse there. " The Oak " 
at Bettws-y-Coed, we may mention^ is by David Cox, and now bangs 
inside the house. 

From this imperfect sketch we invite attention to some of the 
old signs and signboards adopted and used in the town of North* 
ampton in the 17th, i8tb, and 19th centuries. 

We begin with the south side of the Market Square and Mercers* 
Row, plans being given of tbe block of buildings between, as occupied 
in 1768 and 183 1. In both plans tbe course of the old Conduit is 
indicated. ^'Tbis was built in 1478, and was supplied with water by 
pipes from the spring called " The Conduit-head ** in a field where the 



164 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Asylum now stands. Over the conduit was formerly a large room 
where the several companies of tradesmen met to transact their 
business. The conduit was removed in 1833, and two pipes placed 
in a tank on the Wood Hill for general use by the inhabitants. This 
tank is now supplied by the Water Company, who have directed the 
water of the original spring into their reservoir." • 

The Cook's Arms. 
The chief sign in this block was that of The Cook's Arms, an 
engraving of which we append, sketched by Mr. Herbert Norman, from 
a painting in oil by the late Mr. G. J. De Wilde, the original being in 
the collection of Northamptonshire engravings, formed by Mr. John 
Taylor, at the Northampton Museum. This old-established public- 
house was situate at the north-east corner of the Baker's Hil],t as the 
south side of the Market Square was called during the last century, and 
even up to about the year 1819. De Wilde, in his Rambles Roundabout; 
Northampton a Hundred Years Ago (p. 242), describing that side of the 
Square, says : — *' The space between the eastern comer of the passage 
into Mercers' Row and the comer now all absorbed by the Waterloo 
House was then (1768) sufficient for three houses, in the occupation 
of Votes, Clarke, and at the corner Medbury. Five and thirty years 
ago, this was a public-house — The Cook's Arms. Whether it was a 
public-house, or not, in Mr. Medbury's time we do not know." We 
may mention that in the time of Mr. Medbury, who, by the way« 
was a barber, the Cook's Arms occupied the comer of the passage 
leading into Mercer's Row. In 1831 it occupied Medbury's 
premises, the entrance being opposite the Northampton Herald Offices. 
It was then kept by William George, as may be seen from the 
engraving and plan. The name of the occupier during the earlier 
period may be gathered from the following advertisement from the 
Northampton Mercury, for September 4, 1758: — 

The Greditors of the late John France, Tanner, of Kortbampton, are 
deaized to meet at Mrs. Vorea'a, the Cooka-Anna, in Northampton, on Thoraday 
the 14th of thia Inatant September, at Two o' Clock in the Afternoon, in 
order tu prove their Debta, and receive a Share of the aaid France'a E£Ei»ct8» 
which are then to be divided amongat hia Greditora, by 

Joaeph Wairen, \ 

Thomaa Colea, > Tmateea f or the CreditorBi 

Samnel Trealove, ) 

There are many Northamptonians at the present who remember 
The Cooks Arms in George's time, the Waterloo House having been 
*Freeman'a Sistory of Northampton^ 1847, p. 63. 

fAoeonnt of the Eetatea and Oharitiea belonging to the Corporatioii of 
Northampton, 1819. 



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AVD 

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y% VERY J-A!^GE ^ j^lNE ^TOCK OF j^APEI^- HANGINGS. 
KSTIMATES ON APPLICATION. 



I 



Those who stndy ECONOMY, and are desirous of obtaining Goods of B£^T 
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and Domestlo Reqairemants of almost every desoription. 

T^LUNT & SONS uiideviatingly adhere to the Cash Trading System 
^f?X established by them so many years since, and it is gratifying to record that this 
^^^ system, which involves the effect of the Firm being able to sell their goods at 
an almost infinitesimal profit, has proved a great boon to the public. It is superflaoas 
to htate that their widely-known reputation as 

THE CHEAPEST HOUSE IN NORTHAMPTONSHIRE 

is well established. Purchasing at BLUNT' S means simply a Having of 33 per cent, 
undoubtedly a great consideration in the present times. 

THE DISPENSING DEPARTMENT is in the charge of qualified Assistants. 
IVesciiptions prepared with the utmost accuracy, and at strictly co-operative prices. 

2, PARADE, Northampton ; and at Coventry. 



Telephone No. 39. ESTABLISHED, 1819. 

HUGHES & Co., 
COAL MERCHANTS, 

1 Mercers' Row, and Weston Street, 
Northampton. 



I 1 



HUGHES & Co. 

SELL COALS 

THE HOTTEST, 

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FOR PRICES SEE LOCAL PAPERS. 



^v^- 



t.r<V^ <-• ■; ( /-;" 



Vol. III. 






rice 1^. 6d. 






,2Z2r 



.^.x^ 



Lore Moa Iti^^slan^jcQth 

From out th esTr rt l td - ■ pws t ," "o n d used 

IVithin the present^ iut transfused 
Thro' future time by power oj thought, 

* • • ' • 

A wind to puJT your idol- fires. 

And heap their ashes on the head ; 

To shame the toast so ojten- made. 
That we are wiser than our sires, 

Tennyson. ^^3 3' /^ 

Northamptonshire 

Notes & Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 



DEVOTED TO 



The Anttqiiiiies, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c,, of the County, 



3f-%r-^-%.-«'^>^-%>^-«N^-%>«:-m>^^' «; «^ -^y^-^^-«>< 



;««>^.^ 



Contents. 



491 Glimpses of Old Northampton: Its 

Signs 

492 The Northamptonshire Scandal 

493 Jacob Tomlin, B.A. 

494 Lord Mayors of London who were 

Natives of Northamptonshire. 
IIL Sir Thomas Pilkington 

495 Peterborough Cathedral — Bemains 

of the Old Saxon Abbey 

496 I'amily of If ace 

497 Prebendaries of Peterborough 

Cathedral— Second Prebend 

498 Restoration of Peterborough Cathe- 

dral. 1734 

499 Court KoUs 



600 Monumental Inscriptions from other 
Counties 

501 Postern Gate at Northampton 

{ill list rat iov) 

502 The Askbys of Weston-by-Wellaud 

{^illu.sf ration) 

503 local Dialect 

504 Family of Beebe, Beeby, or Beebee 

505 Northampton as a Cycling Centre 

(i//Hfit rations) 

506 Bronze Seal found at Towcester 

507 Matthew Holbeche Bloxam 

508 Korthamptonshire Superstitious, etc. 

509 The Poultou Family of resborough 



Kovtljiimjjtou : 

TAYLOR & SON, The DRYDEN PRESS, 9 COLLEGE STREET. 

London: ELLIOT STOCK, TATJCKNO^aTER ROW. 

\_Jiuiartct at Stationers' JIaK.] 



Fashionable & Bespoke Bootmaker, 
7 WOOD HILL, 

NORTHAMPTON. 

^^ Lasts made and kept to suit all Feet. ^►- 

IJafcbing, v tennis, v and v flfhlefic v ©oods 

IN BVEBY VABIETT, 

In Stock or to measure, in the High-class Styles. 



Ladies* Glace, Patent, or Calf 

WALKING BOOTS and SHOES. 

GENTLEMKN'S 



*;• 



Servants' & Coachmen's Boots, 

A SPECIALITY. 



All Goods marked In Plain Figaros. 6 per Cent, disconnt for Cash. 



7 WOOD HILL, NORTHAMPTON. 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 165 

erected so recently as 1833, the old buildings extended farther 
into the Market Square, but the conduit passage being done away 
with the new buildings were put back in a line with the offices now 
occupied by Messrs. Becke and Green. 

The old vaulted cellars of The Cook*s Arms, which extend 
some 30 feet under the Market Hill, still remain, and are occupied 
with the Waterloo house. 

Vores' house was part of the Corporation Estate, as shown 
by the scrutiny proceedings which followed the 1768 election, when 
the following was taken amongst other evidence : — 

William Voree, Market Hill. Said he was a Householder & lived on the 
Market Place and that be had a Lioense in his own name granted in Novem^ 
last — ^That he rented his honse of the Corporation — That he had paid no rent 
yet — Then said he took the house of his Mother at Michaelmas & that his 
Mother had not paid the rent those two years & that he kept the publiok house 
& carried on the business. 

The bouse in question in 1827 was let at an annual rent of ^41. 
When the premises were sold the proceeds were absorbed, with those 
of certain other properties, for the payment of the debts of the old 
Corporation. 

The CHEauBR. 

On the plan of Northampton for the 1768 election, The Chequer 
Inn is shown as being at the bottom of Abington street, opposite 
the old Town Hall, its back gate being at the Abington street entrance 
to the Northampton Herald offices. This position it occupied in 
1610, according to Speed's plan of the town at this date. 

An interesting query has been raised *as to whether the Chequer 
was called after the name of the Ward, or the Ward after the name 
of the Chequer. According to Liber Albus : the White Book of the 
City of London : 

'' The Alderman also in modem times has his title from the Ward over 
which he presides, as 'Alderman of Chepe,' for example, ' Alderman of Bridge,' 
* Alderman of Quenehithe.' In ancient times, however, on the contrary, the 
Ward was styled after the name of its Alderman; thus the Ward of 
Candelwykstrete was called ' The Ward of Thomas de Basyng,' and the Ward 
of Castle Baynard < the Ward of Simon Hadestok.' " 

For the land tax assessments there is a division of the town called 
the Chequer ward, which comprises the following streets: — The 
Drapery, the Parade^ Newland (on the left hand as far as Mr. Rands', 
and the right hand as far as Prince's street), the Woodhill, a part of 
St. Giles' square^ George row^ Market square^ Drum lane^ and 

Mercers' row. 

22 



i66 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

The following note from Somerset House relating to the Cheqaer 
Ward is of sufficient interest to be introduced here, especiallj as it 
throws some light on the origin of the sign in question : — 

'^The earliest land tax assessment in this office, 1798. 
'' In 1798 the land tax was made perpetual^ and the charge was 
fixed as follows : — 

On lands, tenements, &c. . . £'^\^ 3 o 
On offices .... a o 6 



£24,6 3 6 

"The office charged was that of the Clerk of the Peace, which 
was then filled by Christopher Smyth. 

*' Chequer is an abbreviation for exchequer, and this ' Chequer 
Ward' was so named as it contained the office of the chequer or 
exchequer. 

''In (209 king John moved the exchequer from London to 
Northampton. 

** In 1 194 Northampton was a mint town (reign of Richard i.). 

" The only other town that I can trace a * Chequer Ward ' in is 
Lynn Regis, in the county of Norwich. Lynn Regis was a mint 
town under Edward iii.'* 

In the Book of Records of the Commissioners appointed by Act qf 
Parliament for the better and more easy Rebuilding of the Toum of 
Northampton, a.d. 1676, (in possession of the Corporation) are the 
following references to the Chequers : — 

Whereas the said Robert Masaey hath lately Exhibited his Peticon into this 
Court of Judicature, thereby setting forth That the Petioonr is Tenaut by Lease 
to the aforesaid Dr. Wake, Master of the said Hospitall, and his Go-brethren, 
of a Messuage, with the appurtenances late standing and being in the said 
Tovne of Northampton, and on the East side of the Chequer or Market-place 
there for the terme of about twenty yeares to come, at the Rent of Six 
Shillings and Eight pence pr Ann. (p. 50.) 

Whereas the said William Eimbould hath Exhibited his Peticon into this 
Court, thereby setting forth in effect That the Warden and poore of the 
Hospitall of the Holy Trinity, in Croydon, aforesaid, did, by Indenture of Lease 
bearing date the Twentith day of Aprill, Anno Dni 1669, And in the 
One and Twentith yeare of the raigne of our SoTeraigne Lord King 
Charles the second over England, &c., Demyse ynto him the said William 
Kimbould All those there two Messuages or Tenemts with th appurtenances 
situate, lying, and being, in the Towne of Northampton aforesaid, the one of 
the said Messuages or Tenements situate and being in or neexe to a oertaine 
place there called the Chequer, lying alsoe neere Tnto a pkoe there called 
Newland. (p. 54.) 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 167 

Whereas the said Ann Clarke hath lately Exhibited her Petioon in this 
Conrt of Jadioatnre, thereby setting forth That the Petiooner is Tenant by 
Lease to the aforesaid Doctor Wake, Master of the said Hoepitall, and his Co- 
brethren of a Messuage or Tenement with a Shopp therennio, belonging, with 
the appartenanoes, late standing and being in the said towne of Northampton 
on the West fdde of the Ghecqr or Markett Place, in a plaoe there formerly 
called the Gntts. (p. 108.) 

At this point we may give the following evidence taken in 
connection with the scrutiny before mentioned, at which time Mr. 
Roberts was owner and Mr. Fox landlord : — 

William Edwards, Abington Street — Cooper. Said he had a room below k 
one above— A sort of a Lumber Room above — Its a Lean to, to Mrs. 
Gutfceridge's house — Door goes into the Street — Took it from Miohas last- 
Came in about Xmas. 

Mr. Gutteridge Ex^ Said the Voters place was next to his house k 
adjoined to it—Not fit for habitation —A Lean to— Had known it a Whitawers 
Shop — A Coblers Shop & a Blacksmiths shop — ^Never knew anybody lye in it. 

Robt. Glen Ex^ Said he remembered one Munns— a Shoemaker living 
there as a plaoe of Habitation and two others — Let 8 sevl times to difEarent 
families— Said he was Landlord of it 10 or 11 years ago & he made a tenant of 
it— It belonged to the Chequer Inn — Remembered it had been let as a shop but 
ffiunilys had Lived there. 

Mr. Roberts Exd Said he hot the Chequer Inn— Said he let this place as a 
separate Tenemt to one Harris a Whitawer who lived there with his ffiunily k 
no where else and he received a twelve month Rent of him — Bought this with 
the Chequer Inn as appurtenant to it— Some windows k door as before only 
repaired. 

• ••••• 

Joseph Gamble, Market Hill or Abington Street, Taylor. Said he had a 
separate Tenement— One Room which he took of Mrs. Fletcher, went thro' the 
Chequer yard to it — Took it at Xmas at 50s. a year — George Taylor lives in the 
Room over it— Has paid no Rates to All Saints parish — Says this Room is rated 
to All Saints and the Chequers Inn to another parish. 

Mrs. Atkinson Exd Said Voter lived in only one Room belonging to the 
Chequer Inn— Believed it had been let by itself before. That the Voter lived 
with her till Christmas- That Voter took it since Xmas— That it was a place 
where they used to shew wild Beasts k that Voter told her he was abroad with 
Admiral Rodney and came on purpose to make a vote — never knew it let but 
as a Lodging Room and once to Sergeant Clagg for 5 weeks— Go up stone 
steps to it — The Inn stands part in one parish & part in the other. 

Mr. Fox Exd Said he had known the place 10 years— It's in Mr. Fletcher's 
Gateway and used as part of the Inn — There are two or three Rooms one over 
the other. Mrs. Fletcher pays Rent for the whole— Never was set for a house 
— It was used by Mr. Bull as place to put Cheese in for several years— 8 or 10 
years ago — There's a fire place but no Bed— In Nov' Sergeant Clagg was there 
& turned out and this man put in. — There's a Drummer in the Room above 
who intended to make a Vote— but this plaoe no more than a Store Room for 

22* 



i68 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Gheaie or a plaoe for Wild Beuta to be in— That he had ooUeoted Bates for 
the whole plaoe over the Gateway for the pariah of All Saints. The other 
part of the Chequer is in another parish [St. Giles']. 

The Chequers is regarded bj many as the most patriarchal of all 
signs, it being seen even on houses in exhumed Pompeii. Originally 
it is said to have indicated that draughts and backgammon were 
played within. According to Dr. Lardner, a money-changer's office 
was generally indicated by the sign of a chequered board suspended. 
The sign^ he adds, afterwards came to indicate an inn or house of 
entertainment, probably from the circumstance of the innkeeper dlso 
following the trade of money-changer. Madox in his History of 
the Exchequer, ij6g, says: — ''lliese places were called Exchequers 
for one or both of these two reasons. First, as they were places for 
receipt of revenue. Next, because in places of receipt or revenue it 
was customary to lay upon the table a Scaccariuniy or chequered cloth : 
which, by reason of the chequering or diversity of the square spaces 
wrought upon it, was more commodious for counting of monej, 
according to th^ way used in those times, than a plain board or a 
cloth all of one colour." It will be remembered that Chaucer's Merry 
Pilgrims put up in Canterbury at The Checker of the Hope— the 
Chequers in the Hoop. The Chequer and Tuns was a sign in 
existence in the isle of Ely, in 1721. 

The Three Tuns. 
The sign is derived from the vinters or brewer's arms. A 
public-bouse on the east side of the square still bears this name. It 
is probable, however, that this forms but a portion of the original 
site of The Chequer. The Three Tuns was, up to 17 jo, the sign 
of "a good-accustomed publick-house " in the Drapery. 

The Last. 
This was not a public-house. The Last was simply an ordinary 
tradesman's sign, appealing particularly to the knights of St. Crispin. 
The shop and premises stood on the site of the present offices of the 
Northampton Herald, and between two public-houses — The Chequer 
and The Flying Horse. This part of the square was known at that 
time as Gravel Hill. The occupier in 1742 was Arthur Lewis, an 
ironmonger and grindery dealer. With Lewis there lived at this 
period one Thomas Milner, "stay-maker, from London," who was 
accustomed to give notice, that he " having travelled most Countries 
for Experience in his Business, had found out a peculiar Method of 
making Stays for Ladies who have any Defect in their Shapes^ so 
that they shall appear perfectly straight." 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 169 

The Last was a frequeot shoemaker's sign. " But since/* says a 
writer on signboards, "cobblers and tinkers are the best of all 
drinkers/' many ale-houses have adopted this sign also. One ale- 
house keeper put under his sign of a last, the words : 

All day bng I have sought good beer, 
And, at the Last, I haye found it here. 

Thb FlTino Horse. 
This licensed house is still in existence under the name of The 
Lord Palmerston. It retained its original name up to 1867. In 
August of 1864 ^^y Palmerston cut the first sod of the East and 
West Junction Railway, at Towcester ; and Lord Palmerston paying 
Northampton a visit, the house assumed his name. 

I^ 1753 Jt was kept by Job £artho. One William Fisher, 
who in those days "followed the market," advertised (Aug. 18, 
1 760) as follows : 

Non tarn vivere, qaam valere, vita est ; 
Not so mnoh to livei as to be in Health, is life. 

William Fisher, jnn. Surgeon and Apothecary, and (Grandson to the late 
well-known Dr. Fisher, of Olney, Bucks, Purposes to keep Korthampton and 
Stony-Stratford Markets, as he hath that of Towcester many Years ; and to be 
at the Flying-Horse on the Market-Hill in Northampton, on Saturdays ; at the 
Angel at Towcester, on Tuesdays ; and at the Barley-Mow at Stony-Stratford, 
on Fridays. At which Times and Places all Persons may depend on the 
Medicines by him faithfully prepared after the Manner of his late Grandfather 
Dr. Fisher, who kept Northampton Market upwards of fifty Years ; and also 
on his best Advice and Abilities in all Gases of Fhysick and Surgery, at the 
said Times and Places, or at his House on the Market-Hill at Olney, Bucks. 

It was the Fishers who originated the local proverbial expression^ 
"Like Fisher's Pills out of date." 

It has been pointed out that the application of this sign is not very 
obvious unless it refers to the following rhyme :— 

If with water you fill up your glasses* 
You'll never write anything wise ; 
For wine is the horse of Parnassus, 
Which hnnies a hard to the skies. 

" John Gay, at The Flying Horse, between St. Dunstan's Church 
and Chancery Lane, 1680/' is an imprint under many ballads. 

Another theory is that the sign is derived from the name of a 
once popular amusement, which consisted of a swing, the seat of 
which formed a wooden horse. This the flying equestrian mounted, 
and as he was swinging to and fro he had to take with a sword the 
ring off a quintain. 



170 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The Pbacocr. 

This hotel is situated on the east side of the Market square. Some 
idea of its age may be gathered from the fact that it had galleries round 
its inner court, like the old hostelries of two centuries ago ; these 
galleries have long since been closed, but the remains of them are very- 
plain. The earliest reference we have to it is dated 1725, and records 
that "William Atley, who Kept the Tap at the Peacock Inn upon the 
Market-hill in Northampton, now keeps The Bull and Goat Inn in 
Gold Street." From this date up to 1735, The Peacock was kept 
by a Mr. Hitchcock. It was the inn used by the Whigs for 
election purposes, the electors standing upon the Market Square being 
addressed from the balcony. The Abington street entrance to the 
Peacock was opposite the Post Office. 

The following advertisement of July 24, 1721, is curious, if only 
for the use of the seal of the Corporation it records :— 

We whose Hands are hereunto subscribed, bemg the Mayor and Aldermen 
of the Town of Northampton do hereby certifie that Mr. Grant, Her Majesty's 
Oculist in extraordinary, who has been for some time in this Town, hath 
performed several Operations relating to the Eyes, with such Success, that he 
has brought several People who were blind to Bight, in this Town and 
Neighbourhood ; two of which were bom blind. In testimony whereof we have 
hereunto set our Names, and the Seal of the Corporation. John Agutter, 
Mayor : John Clark, Mayor elect : William Else : John Clark : John Selby : 
William Pettit: Benjamin BurUvant: Bichard Saunders: Samuel Lyon: 
Joseph Woolston. 

N.B. The said Mr. Grant, his Majesty's Oculist, is now at the Peacock in 
Northampton, where he proposes to continue three Weeks, or longer, if deaur'd. 

The date of the first introduction of the peacock on a sign-board 
is unknown. It is stated, however, that near The Angel, in Clerk- 
en well, there is the Peacock public-house, which bears the date 1564. 

The Hind. 
The site of this old-established inn is now occupied by the west 
front of the Com Exchange, on the Parade. It was in existence 
under the name of The Hynde, prior to the great fire of 1675, and 
continued up to, we believe, nearly the close of the last century. It 
was described in 1747 as a well-accustom'd coach inn, situated for the 
market, travelling, and town business, with a back passage and gates 
opening into Sheep street,* on the North road ; and with a piece of 

* Now the Sheep street entrance to the Com Exchange. Mr. F. C. 
Bobinson, of the Dnpery, had a warehouse up this yard: Uiere was also a 
blacksmiUi's shop here. When the old public-house. The Plumbers' Arms, 
(which fronted Sheep street) was pulled down by Alderman Vernon, and re- 
erected by him on the old site, he built over the yard to the adjoining premises ; 
whether he had a right to do so was tested by the Com Exchange company 
bzinging an action at law against him, and a verdict was given in his favour. 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 171 

ground belonging to it, which was formerly used as a bowling green. 
^t this date it was in the occupation of Mrs. Filks, who had then lived 
in it nearly a quarter of a century. In March of that year, however, 
on her leaving off business, it was taken by one Richard Hickman, 
from the New Inn, on the Melton Mowbray road. He was not a 
long tenant, as he died two years after, about June, 1749. 

From the number of balls, concerts, and other entertainments 
recorded to have taken place at the Hind, it must have been of 
considerable importance and reputation. One advertisement before 
us, dated December 4th, 1721, is as follows : — 

At the Hind-Inn in Northampton, on Tharsday the 7th of December, 1721, 
a Trial of Skill wiU be performed between the following Masters. 

I Bobert Blake, late from Ireland, Master of the noble Science of Defence, 
who have had the opportunity of fighting most of the best Masters of the three 
Kingdoms, to the full satisfaction of all Gentlemen that ever see me fight, do 
invite Mr. William Flanders, Master of the said Science, to meet me and 
exercise the following Weapons, viz. Quarter-Stafl^ Sword and Buckler, Sword 
and Dagger, Back Sword. 

I William Flanders of Pottery-Peiry in Northamptonshire, Master of the 
said Science, who never did refuse the best of Masters that ever did appear in 
London, will not fail, Gk)d willing, to meet this bold Inviter, at the Time and 
Place appointed, desiring a dear Stage, sharp Swords, and from him no Favour 
and doubt not but to give all Gentlemen Satisfaction. The Box will be set at 
Twelve, and the Masters mount at three precisely : There will be Six Pair of 
Gloves to be plaid for at Cudgels before the Masters mount. 

N. B. The Box will be deliver*d into the Mayor's Hands, for the Satisfaction 
of all Gentlemen that it is no Cheat ; and if such a Thing appears to be fought 
the Mayor to distribute the Mony to the Poor as he pleases. 

That the above challenge was returned we gather from a 
similar advertisement dated Dec. 25, 1721. 

Another advertisement, of September 17, 1722, reads: — 

On Monday the 17th Instant, at the Hind-Inn in the Town of Northampton, 
a Tryal of Skill will be perform*d by the following Masters, viz. 

I William Heath, from Edinburgh in Scotland, Master of the noble Science 
of Defence, who have fought most of the best Masters in that Country, and was 
never conquered by any one ; hearing of the great Fame of Mr John Beed, am 
come hither on purpose to invite him to meet and fight me at the usual 
Weapons fought on the Stage. 

I John Beed, Wooll-oomber, of Leicester, and Master of the said famons 
Science of Defence, being always ready to embrace and engage any fresh and 
good Master, shall not fail to meet this brave and bold Inviter at the Time and 
Place appointed, with full Intent to give a general Satisfaction to all Spectators, 
desiring no Favour from the Hands of my Opponent. 

The Boxes will be set at Three, and the Masters mount at Four precisely. 

N. B. Two pair of Gloves will be play'd for at Baoksword-BlnntSt 9S^ two 

pair also Wrestled for, the same Day and Place. J 

/ 
/ 



172 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

It appears also to have served as a play-house. On Jan. 27thy 
1724, '*at the desire of several gentlemen and ladies," there was 
*' acted a comedy, call'd, The Spanish Fryar : or The Double Dis- 
covery,*' it being announced that "the Part of Tarrismond will be acted 
by a Gentleman for his own Diversion/' On the loth of the following 
month, for the benefit of a Mr. Berriman, there was acted " a play 
call'd Hamlet, Prince of Denmark" — "the part of Hamlet by Mr. 
Berriman j grave-digger, Mr. Phipps." 

In the Mercury for Jan. 4, 1724-5, is the earliest reference to an 
auction of books in Northampton that we are aware of. 

Notice is hereby g^ven, That the Auction of Books and Pictures, hqw 
Selling at the BEind-Inn in Northampton, will be continued this week till the 
Catalogue be gone through. 

The following advertisement of Dec. 10, 1722, is also of interest : — 
John Cole, Stay maker, from London, now living in Wellinghorongh, 
Makes Stays and Childrens Coats, either Crooked or Strait, after the exactest 
Kethod and newest Fashion; having always employ*d such Hands as have 
been approved of (by abundance of Persons of the best Rank) to be Compleat 
Workmen, and will perform as Curious Work as any in the City of London. 

Note, For the Convenience of such Persons as live more Remote from 
Wellingborough, he proposes to attend every Saturday at the ELind Inn in 
Northampton : And will wait on any Ladies, Gentlewomen, &c. at their own 
Houses. 

We may add that the ground now occupied by the Bank and Com 
Exchange, was formerly covered by three houses and the Hind yard. 
Next to the mayor's (Thomas Breton), westward, lived a person named 
Hill ', next to him a confectioner named Thomas Summerfield ; then 
came the yard, and then The Hind Inn, occupied, in 1768, by one 
York. The premises now rented by Messrs. Hunt and Co. were 
occupied by a person named Paine; Messrs. Blunt and Co's was in the 
occupation of John Pinkard ; and at the corner of Sheep street and 
the Parade, lived Henry Locock, an ancestor of the eminent physician 
who was honoured by royalty itself. Mr. Thomas Walker, lately 
editor of the London Gazette, was a resident in the houses now 
occupied by the Exchange. 

Taylor, the water poet, in his Pennylesse Pilgrimage (1630), 
mentions a similar sign at Preston : 

There at the Hinde, kinde Master Hinde, mine host, 
Kept a good table, bak'd and boyld, and rost. 

492,-^ The Northamptonshire Scandal. — What book was 
that published in 1757, containing The Northamptonshire Scandal, an 
account of an elopement of one Mobbs with Elizabeth Drayton, from 
the Pytchley hunt ? Have any of your readers any knowledge of it ? 

T. D. S. 



Lord Mayors of London. 173 

493. — Jacob Tomlin, B.A. — I am desirous of ascertaining 
iDiograpbical particulars relative to the late rev. Jacob Tomlin, b.a., of 
Chester House, near Irchester, who died in 1880, and whose family 
left in the following year. He was author of A Scripfurat and 
JHislorical Interpretation of the Revelation ; Critical Remarks on Dr, 
ITregelles' Greek Teict of the Revelation ; Improved Renderings of 
some of the most important and difficult passages in the authorized 
translation of the Scriptures from the Hebrew and Greek; J Compara^ 
tive Vocabulary of Foriy-Eight Important Languages^ etc. Any 
Cacts relating to him or personal recollections will be gladly received. 

J.T. 

494. — Lord Mayors of London who were Natives of 

r^ORTHAMPTONSMIRE (358, 409). IIL SiR TrOMAS PiLKINOTON. 

— His grandfather was John Pilkington, of Oakham, in Rutland.* 
His father, Thomas Pilkington, settled at Northampton, and married 
«s his second wife Anne, daughter of Edward Mercer, of that town. 
Two sons were born of this marriage, Richard and Thomas, the 
latter of whom eventually became one of the nK>st wealthy and 
popular citizens of London. 

The date of Thomas Pilkington's removal from Northampton 
<loes not transpire, but it is on record that he took as his wife one 
Hannah Bromwich, a native of London > He appears to have 
quicklf obtained a position of very great influence in tbe affairs of 
the city. He was a member of the Skinners' Company, and held 
the ofSce of master oa three successive occasions, viz., in 1677, 
1681, and 1683. 

It was on the 24th of June, 1681, th^t he was elected sherifF of 
London, and Narcissus Luttreli, in his Brief Historical Relation of 
State Affairs, thus refers to the event : — 

(19th May, 1681.) ^Tis thought Mr. Pilkington and Mr. 
Dubois will be chosen sherifs for the citty of London for the 
ensuing year." 

"The 24th June was the day for the election of sheriFsand officers 
for the citty of London . . . the persons in nomination for sherifs • 
were Mr. alderman Pilkington, and Mr. Samuell Shute, Mr. Ralph 
Box, and Mr. Humphry Nicolson. Mr. Pilkington was first put up, 
who haveing apparently the majority of voices, was declared duely 

* In Some Account of the Skinneri Compatty, by J. F. Wadmore, (1876) it is 
stated that *' he was descended from a good Northamptonshire family." 

^ Le Neve*s Pedigrees of the Knighte^ ed. by G-. W. Mar^all, published bj 
the Harleian Society, London, 1873. 



174 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

elected.** Mr. Shute, with some contest, was put up next, and then 
Mr. Box. . . . The latter demanded a poll, which being granted, 
ended that day with the result that '^ Pilkington and Shute carried it 
by hundreds of voices.*' 

"The aSth, alderman Pilkington and Samuell Shute, esqs. were 
sworn sherifs of the citty of London on the hustings in Guildhall, 
and entred on their office." 

During his term of office there is no doubt that Mr. Sheriff 
Pilkington's time was fully occupied, and some of the events in 
which he played a leading part must have been far from pleasant for 
him. Luttrell alludes to him several times in his record of the 
events of the following year, but only once, when some eminent men 
of the day, "the duko of Monmouth, earls of Shaftesbury and EsseXf 
lord Howard, lord Grey, and others,'* dined at his residence, on the 
J 7th March, 1681-2, is the allnsion at all a pleasant one. 

On the 13th of January, 168 1-2, he was summoned before the 
council because he had failed to carry out an order to transport several 
Popish priests from Newgate to the Scilly Islands. The order, it 
appears, had been addressed to the keeper of Newgate prison, which 
Pilkington did not consider enough to indemnify him. On this 
explanation being given, a fresh warrant was made out, which he 
promised the council should be obeyed. 

(March, 1682.) ''At the assizes held at Southwark for the 
county of Surrey was tryed an action brought by Mr. Bolsworth 
against Mr. sheriff Pilkington, for words spoken to this effect : You 
are a hfoken fellow, goe home and pay your debts. The plaintiff 
could not prove he had. any damage thereby; and the defendant 
prov*d the plaintiff first very rudely provok'd him ; yet the jury, to 
the astonishment of most, brought in 800/. damages for the 
plaintiff." • 

On the 3rd of May, Pilkington appealed against this ''harsh 
judgment," but the " court would not grant a new tryall, unlesse 
Pilkington could procure a certificate from the judge of assize that 
he thought the damages were excessive, and the case fitt for a new 
tryall.**'' Under date 12th May, Luttrell states that as Pilkington 
could not get the certificate he was obliged to pay the ^800. 

We now come to the time (Midsummer Day, 1682) when the 
citizens of London assembled to elect sheriffs in place of Pilkington 
and Shute. There were at this period two factions in the city, 

e LattieU. 4 LattreU. 



Lord Mayors of London. 175 

known as the court and conntrj parties respectively. Both parties 
Domiuated two candidates for the vacant offices as follows : — Messrs. 
Dudley North and Box (Court), and Messrs. Papilon and Dubois 
(Country). At the "common hall" the latter appeared to have the 
greatest interest, and the Lord Mayor, Sir John Moore, being an 
over-zealous " Court" partizan,took upon himself to abruptly declare 
the proceedings adjourned until the following Tuesday. This 
extraordinary course was so much resented that the meeting decided 
to proceed with the election as if no adjournment bad been ordered, 
and the lord mayor got rather severely jostled in a tumult which 
ensued. The king was communicated with at once, and the lord 
mayor, sheriffs, and aldennen, were ordered to attend a Privy Council 
on the Monday following. After being severally examined, Messrs. 
Pilkington and Shute, Alderman Cornish, and others, were ordened 
into custody for the part they had played in the riot. They were 
taken to the tower, and on the Friday following were, by a writ of 
Habeas Corpus, brought to the King's Bench bar, where they pleaded 
" not guilty,'* and were admitted to bail. Several fresh meetings were 
convened by the lord mayor, and the^e was a great deal of ill feeling 
displayed at each of them by both sides — the Court party especially ^ 
being by no means inclined to give way. Box and North at length, 
having been declared duly elected, contrary to the wishes of the 
majority. Box had the good sense to retire, with the result that when 
another ''common hall** was summoned, a Mr. Peter Rich was 
elected in his place, and with Mr. North was duly sworn before the 
lord mayor.^ 

• A small printed flheet, eontaining a «ong of nine TetBee, may be seen m 
ihe GKuldhall Library (London Laws, !▲), bearing the following title : — 

"LoTjkUTT Tbidmfhaiit, on the Confirmation of Mr. STorth and Hr. Rich, 
Sheriflb of London and lUddleaex. Ab it was song at the Sheriff^- 
F«ast at Ghuldhall, Saturday Sepcember 80. 1682. 

The Sazzits, with Zealous Clubs and Staves 

Strive to exalt a Braoe of Kh -wb ; 

But the CiTT ohose Two Lotaxi Usir, 
Whioh made the Wmaa as mad agen. 
To the tone of Joy to the Bridegroom. 
(Stanza) vn. 
Amongst the Hen of chiefest woorth 
The Vote is given for Loyal Nobtr 

In spight of IVtt and Sh , 

Fap , and the SabbU-RouU : 

Then to brave Nobtk a doable Doae 
Who the strong Factions did oppose. 
IiOVBOV Pantod bf ifftt. ThompMa, I68a." 

^3* 



176 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

As we have seen, Pilkington was strongly opposed to the Court 
party, and shortly after the events recorded above we find him 
prosecnted by the Duke of York (afterwards James 11.) for scandalum 
magnatum "because at a meeting of the Court of Aldermen Sir 
Henry Tulse and Sir William Hooker swore to bis having used the 
words ' He hath burnt the city and is now come to cut the people's 
throats.' '* ' The case was tried at Hertford, on the 24th of Novem- 
ber, 1682, and the jury found for the plaintiff — damages j£i 00,000. 
On the 28th of the same month, Pilkington "rendered himself into 
custody in discharge of his bail/' * 

It was not till May 8th, 1683, that the trial of Pilkington and his 
friends for riot, which had commenced on the i6th Feb., was 
finished.** Under date 8th May Luttrell mentions the fact 
that they were all found guilty of riot and assault, and further 
gives his own opinion on the subject as follows : — *' It is an odd kind 
of proceeding that men should be found guilty of a riott when they 
mett about a lawful affair, viz. chusing their officers, and were 
employed onely therein, and when even the matter of right is 
jet undecided whither the lord mayor have such arbitrary power over 
the common hall as is pretended." 

We now turn to the bright side of Pilkington's career. After 
years of persecution and imprisonment, on the accession of William 
'Stow. 

f Luttrell. Maitland {Hittory of Drndon, 1739, p. 304), in oommenting on 
this, Bays, *' So forward were the Juriee of this Time to oblige the Court at 
the Expense of the Bain of their Fellow Citizens." 

^ A Heport of the Evidence taken at this famous Trial before the Lord Chief 
Justioe, Sir Edmund Saunders, Knt., was published, and a copy may be seen in 
the Guildhall Libraiy. (Tracts, B. 2.) The following is a copy of the titla* 

"TheTryalof 

Tho. PiUdugton Esq ; ) gi^^riflQi John Deagle. 

Samuel Shute, Esq ; J Richard Freeman. 

Hexxry Cornish, Alderman. x Biohard Gh>odenough. 

Ford Lord Grey of Werk. Robert Key. 

Sir Tho. Player, Knt. Cham- John Wickham. 

berlain of London. Samuel Swinock. 

SUngsby Bethel, Bsq ^ John Jekyll, Sen. 

Francis Jenks. 

for the Blot at Guild-Hall on Midsommer-Day, 1682. being the Daj 

for Election of Sheriffs for the Year ensuing. 
IiOHSOK Printed for Thomu Dring at the Harrow at (he Oomar of Chanoaiy-Lana awl 
in Fleetatreet, 1683." 

It may here be noted that Sir Bobert Clf.yton appears as witness for th* 
defendants, and thai his evidence is of a Tery interesting oharaotar. 



Lord Mayors of London. 1 77 

aod Mary he speedily obtained a reversal of sentences against him, 
as well as a recognition of his past services in the cause of liberty.* 

In 1689 Pilkington sat for the third time •* as member of 
parliament for the city, and in the same year he first became lord 
mayor of London, and thrice held office^ viz., in 1689, 1690, and 1691. 
The citizens of London lost no time in presenting a petition to 
the king praying for the renewal of their charter, and Pilkington 
speedily became the most popular man of the day. " On the occasion 
of i)is accepting the civip chair in 1689, both King William and Queen 
Mary honoured him with their presence,* together with the Prince 
and Princess of Denmark, all the principal Officers of the Court and 
both Houses of Parliaqient, the Bishop of London, Prelates of the 
Church, Lords Commissioners of the Privy Council, Lord Chief 
Justices of both benches, the Lord Baron, and all the other Judges, 
the four Dutch and all foreign Ambassadors, Envoyes and Attaches." ■ 
A fijl description of this imposing event was written by one 
Matthew Taubman, a copy of which is still preserved in the Guild- 
ball Library. ■ 

i There are in the GoOdhall Library, two valuable and nniqne volumes, 
entitled, Choice Scraps, London. On p. 78, vol. n., is pasted a copy of the petition 
Bent by Pilkington and his friendB to the king praying for thia reversal. In it is 
set forth the fact that when the petitioners were peacahly doing their duties as 
citizens** they were by contrivance and confederacy convicted of Ryot,*' and 
unreasonably fined £4,100. The money having been paid into the Exchequer 
and the said judgment having been reversed in the last Parliament His 
Majesty ** stands by law liable to make restitution of the said sum." The 
petitioners therefore express the hope **that the Parliament now assembled 
will take the whole matter into their consideration, and pass a Bill for the 
relief of your petitioners out of the confederates estates." The petition 
finishes up with the wish that the confederates, prosecutors, judges, and others, 
who took any part in the prosecution, may be '* excepted in the Act of 
Grace " which His Majesty contemplates. 

k He was first returned in 1680, and again in 1681. 

1 It has always been customary for the Sovereign to be present at the first 
mayoralty banquet after his accession to the throne. 
B Wadmore. 

n « Londons Great Jubilee Bestor'd and Perform'd on Tuesday, October the 
29th 1689. For the Entertainment of the Bight Honourable Sir 
Thomas Pilkington, Kt. Lord Mayor of the City of London. Con- 
taining a Description of the Several Pageants, and Speeches, Together 
with a Song For the Entertainment of Their Majesties, who with their 
Koyal Highnesses the- Prince and Princess of Denmark, the whole 
Court, and Both Houses of Parliament, Honour his Lordship this 
Year with their Presence. All set forth At the Proper Cost and 
Charges of the Itight Worshipful Company of Skinners. By M.T. 
Londinum Urbis Indyta Begnom. 
Iiovvoir, Printed for Lmi(1«7 Ovtiat tt 6b Ediaoadboyy Godfirtj*! flMd sett FUtl- 
tridft. ICSQ." 



178 Northamptonshire Notes ann Queries. 

The following song appears on p. 14 of Taubman's book :— 

Gome, Boys, Drink an Health to the Chieft of the GiTT, 
The Loyal Lobd ICatob, and the Legal CoiaaTTBB. 
The Emperial Gztt this Year that with Tou 
Hath restored us our Liv$»y and our Liberties too. 

With Juetiee, and JPiMce^ may it ever be Floting^ 
yiaj the Reade that rapport it agpree in their Votin§^ 
Hay a strong Tide of Union still flow in your Hall, 
And no Sea of Faction e're beat down jour Wall, 

A Health to the Don of the Compan^fe Table, 
Grown every Bumper with Ermim and Sahle. 
If ErmifCe the Emblem of Honour^ then Tou, 
As well as their Lordehipe, are Dignifi'd too. 

From Reate and Oontentione for ever be Free^ « 

Let GiTT and Govtbt make one Rarmony, 

May never more Discord amongst Tou be found, 

But one Loyal Buxpbb for ever go round. 

We must not, however, forget to note that it was on the 10th of 
March, 1688-9, that Mr. Pilkington was first elected lord mayor in 
the place of Sir John Chapman, who had died in office. On the 
loth of April in the same year be received the honour of knighthood 
at the hands of the king ; on the 17th of July the '' harsh judgment/* 
before alluded to, was reversed, and on the 28th of September he 
was chosen lord mayor in his own right for the ensuing year. * 

An act of parliament, which now came into force, necessitated 
the choosing of a lord mayor over again early in 1690. Luttrell tells 
nSy under date a6tb of May, that the choice fell upon Sir Thomas 
Pilkington, and on the and of June, we learn from the same source, 
that he was " elected lord mayor for the remaining part of this year 
and the ensueing year, in pursuance of the late act of parliament, 
attended by 16 of the 26 aldermen, and by several companies in 
their barges, to Westminster, and was sworn before the barons of 
the exchequer, where Mr. recorder made a speech highly com- 
mending bis lordships prudent government of the citty hithertoo, 
and doubted not but his lordship would acquitt himself as well the 
succeeding year; and the lord chief baron returned the same in a 
handsome encomium on his lordship." 

o The following ia a oopy of the title of a 48 pp. pamphlot &a the Ghuldliall 
library: — 

"A Second Bepresentation of the Hospitaller of St. Thomas Southwarka 
Gasa in an Humble address to the Bight Honourable Sir Thomas 
Pilkington Lord Mayor of the Gity of London By J[oha] T[um8r] 
Fiistod in tka fx ksolzxxix.** 



Peterborough Cathedral, 179 

A fine full length picture of Sir Thomas Pilkingtoo bangs on the 
staircase at Skinners* Hall. It represents him in full robes and badge 
of office as lord mayor. Hi^ hair, which is dark, is worn in the long 
and flowing style of the period, and is parted in the centre. His 
right hand rests on a table, on which is deposited the civic sword, 
and the mace lies on the floor immediately beneath it. ^ 

The Pilkington coat of arms is a very simple and chaste one, 
being — argent, a cross patonce voided gules. '^ 

Under date nth Novmber, 1691, Luttrell makes the short and 
concise statement that " Sir Thomas Pilkington, late lord mayor, is 
dead." 
' Holmby House, Foraet Gate. JoHN T. Paob. 

495. — Petbrboroooh Cathedral. — During the progress of the 
excavations necessary, for vaulting over, (for preservation) the lately 
discovered remains of the old Saxon abbey church burnt down in 
1 1 16, there came to light remains of an inscription of the Roman 
age. This was found while opening a passage through the rough 
materials of the Norman "Sleeper Wall,'* below that great arch, opening 
from crossing, into south transept $ to permit the wall of older Saxon 
church to be followed. Among these loose Norman materials a piece 
of dressed Barnack stone came to light, bearing letters, some 4iin. in 
height, and still retaining traces of the red with which, in their 
original site, they had been coloured. The state of the stone showed 
that it had originally borne an inscription of various lines. When 
brought into use in the Saxon building, at Medeshamstead, it had 
been rudely reduced into two or more ashlar stones. This one, when 
again pulled down, suffered further breaking into two pieces, of which 
the part found (ift. 4in. long, by about iiin. wide) suffered the further 
loss of a considerable flake or spall from the upper right-hand comer. 
Thus leaving only, in the top line, the letters LO, and in the lower 
(the bottoms mutilated) NO. Though the lo seems to be the 
commencement of a line, yet the reduction of the stone prevents 
this being ascertained so clearly as is the case with the ko of the next, 
on which there is no doubt. Afterwards, when completing 
almost the last part of the underpining of North transept — (the n.b. 
angle inside) and at a distance of nearly no feet from the situation of 
the former fragment, strange to say, the large " spall " from the corner 
of the above made its appearance. Its top retained the fragment of 
an A of a still higher line (which seemed like a commencing letter), 

P A copy of this piotnre is given in Wadmoze's Aooount of the Skinner's 
Company. 

q Copied in Strjpe's SUw (1720), vol. n. book t., p. 161. 



i8o Northamptonshire Azotes and Queries. 

while to the (now) second line it — after placing a leaf stop after the 
O— added the tied letter TE, and then what appears to have (most 
likely) been C. Its bottom corner adding a little to the former 
round of the O of the third line. The other half of the stone has 
unfortunately not yet come to light. The Reverend Prebendary H. M. 
Scarth, of Wrington, in Somerset, no mean authority on such 
matters, is of the opinion that it is part of the dedicatory inscription of 
a temple. This seems very probable ; and would accord with ths 
earlier find of the fragment of a richly ornamented shaft of a pillar, 
evidently belonging to a temple of considerable size and dignity, 
brought to h'ght in the (close neighbourhood and) similarly formed 
foundations of the n.b. pillar of Crossing. Probably both belong to 
a temple standing within the walls of the old Roman city, whose wall 
mounds line the high road between Alwalton and Water Newton (in 
Chesterton parish), and are locally termed ''The Castles." The only 
other Roman fragments — the works at the cathedral have as yet 
disclosed — are (with the above two stones) a small bit of moulded 
plinth, two small fragments of bricks, and one fragment of flanged 
tile. 

A — 

LO • TE (tied letters)— 

NO — 

[Inscripfcion.] 

Together with the last inscribed fragment came up a portion of 
the arched opening of a Saxon window, retaining portions of Saxon 
or late Norman ornamental painting in red (of two tints), yellow, 
bluish black ground, and white lines. 

On March 28th and 29th, the work of concreting the flooring of 
the south aisle of the choir of the cathedral, laid open to view the 
remains of the circular apsidal ends, in which form the eastern 
chapels terminated (during the Norman period) though the end of 
aisle outwardly was square, which square line was also exposed, so 
that the whole original plan could be seen. This is a question that 
had been often discussed, but not before ascertained. A plan of the 
remains was taken. 

Peterborough. J. T. Irvinb. 

496. — Family op Macb. — Can anyone give me any particulars 
of a family named Mace, of Northamptonshire ? I have note of a 
^ark Mace, of Leton (jic, probably Lutton), who had a son, Gilbert 
Mace, born 1642. 

There is a pedigree of Mace in Berry's Kent Genealogies, and also 
in Tuckett's Devonshire Families^ and the Harleian yisilation of 



Prebendaries of Peterborough Cathedral, i8i 

Devon, bat a more probable connection is the family of Mace of 
Newent, Gloucestershire, mentioned in Hutchins* History of Dorset, 
3rd ed. I. 122, in the pedigree of Gigger, wherein appear the christian 
names of Aaron and Luke. A collateral branch may very well have 
had Mark in it. 

There are two Mace wills, I believe, in the Northampton and 
Rutland wills given in the Index Library^ but the date to which this 
series comes down, viz., 1652, is rather too early for Mark Mace to 
appear therein. 

Any details will be gladly received by 

Kings Norton. £. A. Frt. 

497. — Prebendaries of Peterborough Cathedral (489). 
— The prebendaries of the second stall at Peterborough are here given. 
Amongst them are several names of great eminence and distinction. 
Two of them (as was also the case in the first stall) became bishops. 
Of a few/ no particulars have been discovered. We shall thank- 
fully receive any additional information. W. D. Sweeting. 

Second Prebend. 

1 William Judd, B.D., 1J41. 

A monk of the abbey; otherwise called Harfozde. Bmied in the 
cathedral. 

2 Edwin Sands (or Sandys), B.D., Cant., 1549. 

He vacated the prebend in f avonr of his Bncceseor, " being ejected by 
queen Mary, or withdrawing himself, as others did in her days." {See art, 
176.) Of S. John's college ; B.A., 1639; M.A., 1641 ; B.D., 1647 ; D.D., 
1649. In 1648 he was Ticar of Haversham, co. Bucks. (P), and elected 
master of Catherine hall in the same year as he was made prebendary of 
Peterborough. In 1662 he was canon of Carlisle. In 1663 he was 
imprisoned in the tower as an adherent of lady Jane Grey; but was 
liberated, and retired to the continent until the death of queen Mary. 
In 1660 he was made bishop of Woroeater ; of London, in 1670 ; and 
archbishop of York, in 1676. He died in 168», and was buried at South- 
well. A good account of him is to ' be found in Athena Cantabrigientie^ 
where the lengthy inscription on his monument is given in full. 
He founded a grammar-school at Hawkshead, co. Lane, where it is belicTed 
he was bom, and pubUshed statutes for it. The barons Sandys, of 
Ombersley, co. Worcester, are descended from the Archbishop, a portrait 
of whom is preserved at Ombersley court. Among his works are: — 
Advice concerning rites and ceremonies in the Synod, 1662. (Stripe's 
Annals, i. 336.)~yindication of himself against sir John Bourne, 1663. .' 
(Strype*s Annals, i. 389.)— Translation of 1 & 2 Kings & 1 & 2 Chronicles 
for the Bishops* Bible, 1668. — Epistola preefixa translationi M. Lutheri 
super Galatas : 1677. — Sermons, 1686 and 1616. (A collection of 22 
An edition issued 1812 has life of anthor by T. D. Whitakar, 

»4 



1 82 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

L.L.D.)— Statnies for Hawkaliead Bchool. ~ Oxden for the bishops and 
clergy. (Strype*8 Annals, i. 300.) — Articles to be enquired of in hia 
visitations. 1671 and 1577.— Draw near to Ood: Traot No. 4 in The 
Bishops' Tracts A series of Choice Homilie?, Christian Instmctions and 
Consolations. — Sermons and misoellaneouR pieoes, ed. for Parker Societj 
by rer. John Ayre, 1841. — A paper on his effigy at SoBthwell haa been 
published by M, H. Bloxam. 

3 William Binsley, L.L.B., Oxod. 

Scholar of New college. 1530, then described as of Kydlington in the 
Greene, oo. Oxon. ; fellow of New, 1532-62 ; L.L.B., 1636 ; rector of 
Calverton, co. Bucks., 1649'-58 ; vicar of Adderbury, eo. Ozon., 1651-4 ; 
archdeacott of Northampton, 1654-69; rector of Barby, co. Northants., 
1564 ; preb. of Crackpole S. Mary in Lincoln cath., 1666-69. He exchanged 
to the 6th prebend in 1669. Buried in the cathedral, 29 Oct,, 1669, 

4 Edwin Sands (or Sandys), D.D., restored 1559. 

5 Nicolas Shepheard, B.D., Cant., i j6o. 

Afterwards I>.I>. Archdeacon of Northampton, 1669 ; In same year 
master of S. John's collefre, Cambridge. Some account of him is to be 
found in Strype*s Whitgift, and in Baker's History of S. John's. He was 
fellow of S. John's in 1563, and after exclusion during the reign of queen 
Mary was readmitted in queen Elizabeth's reign. In 1661 he wae 
appointed rector of Hartlebury, 00. Wons. He was afterwards fellow 
and vice-master of Trinity-college ; rector of Hougham, 00. Lino. ; and 
prebendary of Lincoln. He vacated his mastership (being ezpeUed, 
according to Mr. Baker,) in 1674. He died in 1587. 

6 William Hill, M.A., Cant., 1587. 

Died in 1602. 

7 Edward Lively, M.A., Cant., 1603. 

A man of g^reat eminenoe. A full account of him is given in Athinm 
CantabrigiensM, ii. 407-4 lU, with a list of his works. He waa fellow of 
Trinity college ; regius professor of Hebrew, 1676 ; one of the translatore 
of the Bible ; rector of Purleigh, 00, Essex, 1604. He died 1606, and was 
buried at 8. Edward's, Cambridge. Bishop Hacket, in his life of arch- 
bishop Williams, describes him as *' that unparallel'd worthy man." J>r. 
Playfere, Margaret professor of divinity, in his funeral sermon, has thia 
passage :— " Lament, lament, all of you, of the Towne as well as of the 
TJniversitie, because our school hath lost such a singxdar ornament of 
this ag^, because our Churches have lost such a faithfuUe and syncere 
servant of Christ." He was 60 years old at his death. His works are :— 
Annotationes in quinque priores ex minoribus Prophetis, 1687. — A true 
Ghronologie of the times of the Persian Monarchie, 1697.— Commentationea 
in Martinium.— Treatise touching the canonical books of the Old Testa- 
ment. — Chronologia a Mundo condito ab anno 8698. The last three axe in 
MSS ; the first being in the Camb. Univ. Lib., and the last two is the 
IHibl. Univ. Lib, 



Prebendaries vf Pelerhorougk CaihedrnL 1 83 

8 Robert Williamson, D.D., Cant, 1605. 

Held rectory of Tiokmarsli, which he reragned 1631. Retigned tho 
prebend 1629.- -Prebendary of Crackpole S. Maiy in Lincoln oath., 1606. 

9 Robert WiUiamson, B.D.> Oxon., 1629. 

Son of the preceding, whom he anoceeded at Tichmarsh as well as in 
the prebend. Demy and afterwards fellow of Magdalen college. B.A., 
1616; M.A., 1618; B.D,, 1629. Vicar of Seeding, co. Snssez, 1634-44; 
rector of Slymbridge, co. Glouc, 1644, which he resigned not later than 1 649. 
He died in 1652« See more of him in Blozam*s lUgitUr •/ MagdaUn CoUtg$^ 

f o John Howorth, B.D., Cant, 1639. 

Beotor of Samford parra in diocese of London, this Uving having 
lapsed to the nniversity. President of Magdalene college; afterwards 
1>J>,, and master in 1604. He gave £20 to the poor of Peterborough, 
the use of which was to be " given by twelve pence apiece to fonr and 
twenty necessitated people men women or children bom and living in 
Peterborongh." He seems to have been expelled at the time of the civil 
war, and restored; for one account makes him appointed 4 Nov., 1639, 
and another gives the date 6 Aug., 1660. He was fellow of his ooUege» 
and ejected in the civil war, but afterwards restored. 

cf Williatn Henchman, M.A., Cant, 1663. 

Beotor of Barton Seagrave, 1663. He gave £10 towards fitting up the 
chapter house. Buried at Barton, 1686, where this inscription was placed 
«n a marble tablet in the chancel :~'* Here lyeth the Body of William 
Henchman late Rector of this Church and Prebendary of Peterburgh 
who dep : this Life Sept. 14. 1686." In Wood's Athena Oxonienaes (ed. 
BUm) he is said to be a kinsman of bishop Humphrey Henchman, of 
Salisbury ; but how related is not said. 

I A Edmund Lees, M.A., i68<3. 

Prebendary of Bubbenhall in Lichfield cath., 1686. (Nichols gives 
his first name as Edward.) Bector of Ibstock, co. Leic. Died, and was 
buried there, 1699. 

X3 Thomas Ball, M.A., Cant, 1699. 

Of S. John's college: B.A., 1689; M.A., 1693 ; D.D., 1707. Trans- 
ferred to this stall on resigning the 6th prebend. Bector of £aston-by- 
Stamford, 1693-1695 ; rector of Gretford, co. Lino., 1703 ; and of Elton, 
00. Hunts., 1708-1722. He was son-in-law to biihop Cumberland. He 
died 9 Feb., 1722, in his 66th year, and is buried at Elton. His father 
had previously held Elton : his grandfather Oalamy describes as ** the 
worthy Mr. Ball of Northampton." 

14 Edward Griffith, M.A., 1722. 

Bector of Hursley, co. Hants. Said by Willis to have died in London 
in 1724, snd to have been ** buried obscurely in that City." Probably of 
Queens' college, Cambridge, B.A., 1689 ; M.A., 1693. 

2^* 



184 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

15 White Kennett, M.A., Onon., 1724, 

Only son of the bisliop^ Of Merton college, B.A., 1721 ; M.A.^ 
1724. Bector of Alwalion^ oo^ Hunts., 1726-1729; of Burton Cogles, 
CO. Lino. ; and of Peakirk with Glinton^ 1737 till his death in 

1740. He also held prehendal stalls in the cathedrals of Lincoln 
and S. Paul's. He waA author of i — T!hQ Potent Ally ; or Succours from 
Merry land. With an Essay in Praise of the Cloathing of that Country, 

1741. This seems not to have been published till after his death. He 
was buried in the cathedral, where, beneath the inscription to his father 
the bishop, are these words:— **BeliquiflB Filii et Kepotis White Fil: Hnja» 
Eoclesin Pr»ben Obiit 60 Mali 1740 White Nepos Obist lafans/' 

16 William Brown, M.A., Cant., 1740. 

Of Queens' ooUege, B.A., 1732; K.A., 1736; D.D., 1767^ He had 
been fellow of his college. Bector of Karston l^maflel^ 1741 ; of Peakirk 
with Glinton, 1763. Died 1797. 

17 Francis Tott6, M.A., Oxon., 1797. 

Son of William Tutt^, of Chichester. Of Christ Church. B.A., 1 760 X 
M.A., 1753. Bector of Sheering, co. Essex, 1778; vicar of Henham-on- 
the-hill, CO. Essex, 1796. He died 13 Jan., 1824. 

i8 Richard Lockwood, M.A., Oxon., i8»4. 

Son of rey. William Lockwood, of Fifield, co. Esmx. Of Wadham 
college, B.A., 1784; H.A. from Jesus college, Cambridge, 1800. Bector" 
of Patter Heigham, and of Ashby, co. Norf., 1803; vicar of Lowestoft 
and EiBsingland, co. Suff., 1804. He died 1 Nov., 1830. 

Tp Thomas Turton, D.D., Cant., 1830. 

FeUow of Catharine haU; B.A., 1805; M.A., 1808; B.B., 1816; 
D.D., 1827. Luoasian professor, 1822 ; regius professor of divinity, 1827 ; 
dean of Peterborough, 1830 ; and of Westminster, 1842 ; bishop of Ely, 
1845. He died 1864 ; buried at Ely. Among his works are :~The Text 
of the English Bible— considered with Beference to a Beport by a Sub- 
committee of Dissenting Ministers, 1833. — ^Thoughts on the Admission of 
Persons without Begard to their Belig^ous Opinions to Certain Degrees, 
1834. — A sermon before the University of Cambridge, 11 Dec., 1834, on 
day of funeral of the duke of Gloucester, late chancellor of the university. 
— Manfiions in Heaven, a sermon in vol. v. of Original Family Sermons,- 
S.P.C.K., 1835.— Natural Theology considered with Beierence to Lord 
Brougham's Discourse on that Subject, 1836. — The Boman Catholio 
Doctrine of the Eucharist, 1837.— ObservationB on Dr. Wiseman's Beply,- 
1839. Vindication of the Literary Character of Professor Person, 
(anonymous, styling himself " Crito Cantabrigiensis,") 1827. 

%o Winiam Mac Douall, M.A., Oxon., 183 1. 

Son of John McDouall, of Glasgow. Of Balliol college, B.A., 1795; 
M.A. 1798. Vicar of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, co. Leic, 1822 ; vicar of Luton^ 
00. Beds., 1827. Author of A Sermon on the Liturgy of the Church, 
1822. He died 15 Dec, 1849*. 



Restoration of Peterborough Cathedral. 185 

31 Marsham Argles, M.A., Oxon., 1849. 

Of Merton college ; B.A., 1835 ; M.A., 1838. Yioar of Qretton with 
Daddington, 1842 ; ohanoellor of the diooeee of Peterboiongh, 1842-49 ; 
rector of Banuusk, 1861. 

498. — Restoration op Peterborough Cathedral, 1734. — 
Copy of letter from Robert Clavering, bishop of Peterborough, to 
dean and chapter, among the correspondence of Dr. White Kennett, 
bishop of Peterborough, in the Lansdowne MSS., in the British 
Museum. As Claveriug succeeded to the see after Kennett's death, 
it must have got there by accident. Perhaps something is known, or 
can be ascertained respecting the occasion of the letter. 

British Museum. R. GaRNETT. 

"Peterborough, June 19, 1734. 
" My Brethren, 

" When you were resolv'd to shut up your Cathedral to 
adorn and beautify it, I think, in common decency, a previous 
Resolution should have been made for the continuance of Divine 
Service some where or other. If this is not your care, I am sure 
that very evil consequences will attend the neglect of it, and that 
several disadvantages as well as reproaches will unavoidably fall upon 
the whole Body. To avoid everything that may be prejudicial or give 
a handle to the Adversary to reproach us, I have thought fit in this 
Paper, in a friendly manner, to give you my advice and Sentiments 
about it, that we may appear blameless before God & man. It is 
certainly my duty to interpose in this afikir very momentous in it- 
self ; and the Authority with w*'' I am legally invested enables me to 
put it in execution. I think the Parish Church of this City is the 
fittest place we can chuse for keeping up the worship of Grod, when 
we can with noe convenience perform it in the usual place. Your 
concurrence with me in this point will be very agreeable to, 

•' Gentlemen, 
" Your afEectionate Friend & Brother, 

*' Rob : Peterboro*." 

499. — Court Rolls. — Can any of your readers inform me in 
whose hands the Court Rolls of the manor of Rusbden (between 
the years 1640-1750) are at the present time ? The steward of the 
manor (G. H. Burnham, Esq.) has got no Court Rolls prior to 1800, 
neither are there any before that date to be found at the Duchy of 
Lancaster office. At the latter place an official told me that he 
thought the manor had very likely been leased to some private 
individual in times gone by, and that the Rolls were still in the hands 
of the lessee^s family, as in all probability they were not given up on 



1 86 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the expiration of the lease. I am anxious to inspect the Court Rolls 
between the above dates as I hope to find in them some reference to 
a John Bull, an ancestor of mine, who lived at Rushden in the 17th 
century. John Bull's great-grandson (William Bull) was bom in 
1738, so that John Bull himself was presumably born between 

^^^t^^\ Fredk. Wm. Bull. 

Ktttenng. 

500. — Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 
(27, 126, 181, 354, 453, 463). 

Barrington, Cambs. 

*'Near this place lyes j* Body of Robert Bendyshe Esq. who 
dyed in lune 1687 Aged 46 years and also y* Body of Margret his 
wife y* Davght of Tho : Brook of Great Oackley Com Northton 
Esq. & Margt his wife who was y* Davgbtr of S' In» Walter Bar* 
Lord Cheif Baron of y* Excheq & Privy Councell, in y* Reyne of 
King Charles y* i*. She dyed Anno 1673 *' 

Mural, north chapel. 

Stanstead Mountfitchet, Essex. 

''The Burying place for S^ Stephen Langham and his Lady. S': 
Stephen Langham Departed this Life Sept^ y* 1st 1709. Aged 81. 
The Lady Langham Died March y« 3**. 1721. Aged 84 years.'* 

Arms — 3 bears* heads muzzled, erased ; impaling a bull's head 
cabossed, couped at the neck, between 2 wings. Chancel floor. 

On the south face of the tower, outside, is this inscription : — 
" This fleeple was rebuilt and the Foundations new laid at the 
sole charge of Stephen Langham of Quinton in the county of 
Northampton K*. whofe only Daughter was Married to S' Thomas 
Middelton K^ Lord of this Manor and Patron of this Church As 
also the church was by him (the said S^ Stephen Langham) at the 
same time cieled, repaired, and whited ; and the Porch was rebuilt all 
being finished in the yeare 1692." 

Cambridge. R. H. Edleston. 

501. — Postern Gate at Northampton. — Northampton 
formerly was encircled with fortifications, and defended on the west 
by a castle. There were four gates, named from their respective 
situations. East-gate, West-gate, North -gate, and South-gate. Bridges 
states that " the East-gate, much the fairest of all, was large and high, 
embellished with shields of arms and other ornaments of stone- work, 
and that over the other gates were chambers inhabited by poor 
people.*' It is supposed that the elder Simon de St. Liz built the 



Postern Gate at Northampton. 



187 



town-walls at the same time that he erected the castle and repaired 
the town. In the second year of king John [1200-1], mention i» 
made of the East-gate. In the ninth year of Henry iii. [1224-5], 
the sheriff of the county was ordered to deduct sixpence out of every 
twenty shillings of rent within the borough of Northampton towards 
enclosing the said town. Bridges supposes that this deduction was 
only for the repairing of places in the wall, decayed or damaged by the 
barons in the preceding reign. 

By inquisition taken in the 6th year of Edward i. [1277-8], it 
appears the walls were embattled, and at different places had steps to 
ascend them ; they are reported to have been broad enough for six 
persons to walk abreast, and formed a communication from one part 

of the town to another. The 
architectural character of the small 
postern door-way until lately re- 
maining in the wall on the south 
side of the town, towards the 
meadow, fully agrees with the 
early date above given to the 
walls. The vignette, from a 
sketch by Mr. E. Pretty, as it 
appeared in 1847, shews its style, 
being that of a flat-headed trefoil 
arch. From its size it must have 
merely been an opening for the 
dispatch of private messengers, 
or to allow the master of St. 
.-.liT'-'- *^-' "^"^ John's Hospital an exit towards 

the fields. In 1875, ^"^7 ^^® outer face of the wall was original. 
The door-way was, and had long been, blocked up, and only about 
aft. 6ins. of the opening was above ground. The clear width was 
2ft. I in. The eastern jamb has been somewhat mutilated. Soon 
after 187.5 a well-meaning owner destroyed the discharging-arch and 
the upper part of the wall, and made a new and longer discharging- 
arch, destroying much of its interest. In 1888, at the formation 
of the Victoria gardens, the whole was destroyed. 

502. — Thb AsHBYs OF Weston-by-Welland (485). — AboQt 
the middle of the last century Robert, William, and David Ashby were 
living at Weston-by-Welland. William Ashby had one son, Henry 
(whose family consisted of daughters only), and two daughters, one 
of whom married George Ashby, to be hereafter referred to; the 
other daughter died unmarried. David Ashby was a bachelor. 




188 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Robert Ashby (born 1756, died May 5, 18 16) married Elizabeth 
Jellis (born 1759, died May 26, 1820), the only daughter of John 
Jellis (born 1732, died Sept. 18, 1793) and Elizabeth his wife (born 
^735> ^i^<^ March 22, 1814) who lived at Long Buckby mill, to 
which place Robert Ashby removed at the age of 25. The accom- 
panying woodcut represents a house in the village built by J. and £. 
Jellis. 

The family of Robert and Elizabeth Ashby consisted of the 
following members, viz., John Jellis, George, Ann, Elizabeth, Jane, 
Joanna, William, and David. John Jellis Ashby (born 1786, died 
Feb. II, 1855) niarried Ann Haynes (born 1783, died December 26, 
i860). Their family consisted of the following, viz., Robert, 
William, John, Elizabeth, Mary, George, Ann, and Maria, of whom 
five are still living. 

George Ashby (born 1787, died Nov. 23, 1838) married his 
cousin Elizabeth, a daughter of William Ashby of Weston. They 
had three children. One of these, a daughter, died unmarried. A 
son named George died at the age of 3 years and 11 months, Feb. 11, 
1 84 1. Their daughter Mary Ann was the wife of the late alderman 
J. M. Vernon. Ann and Elizabeth Ashby successively married 
Richard Tebbitt. Jane married Richard Lee of Kilsby. Joanna 
married William Ivens. William Ashby died Dec. 28, 1816, aged 
16 years. David Ashby died July 25, 1825, aged 25 years. He left 
a sum of money with which the girls' schools in connection with the 
Independent chapel at Long Backby were built. 

William and David Ashby voted as freeholders at Weston in 
J 806. They recorded their votes for Lord Althorp. a E H 

503. — Local Dialbct (43, 6^, 109, 167, 223, 258, 340, 385, 
466). — Your correspondent "A. P.** of Kendal, refers to several 
words which he has heard in Northamptonshire. I can bear 
testimony to the use of some of them, particularly in the centre 
of the county, thirty years since j these being : — 

Chomp : used in the phrase, " how that horse chomps his bit "— 

having reference to the bridle. 
Frit : " how he frit the child to be sure." 
Gain : " how gain she looks." 
Thorrough : beiug used in the following lines : — 

'* Up the hill and down the thorrongb. 
That's the way to Wellingboioagh." 
London. ^» ^- 



I 



Northampton as a Cycling Centre. 189 

504. — Family of Bebbb, Bbebt, or Beebeb. — Can anyone 
give me any particulars of the above-named family about the years 
1600 to 1650? In Miss Caulkin's History of New London, 
Connecticut, U.S.A. mention is made of the seven children of John 
Beebe, from Broughton, Northamptonshire, England, who died at 
sea May 18, 1650, on his way to New England. 

Any information will be appreciated. 

17, PhUpot Une, London, E.C. CLARENCE Bbbbb. 

505. — Northampton as a Cycling Centre.* — The county 
of Northampton has an area of nearly 630,000 acres. It is one of 
the most central in England, and not fewer than nine other counties 
touch it. These are Lincoln^ Rutland, Leicester, Warwick, Oxford, 
Buckingham, Bedford, Huntingdon, and Cambridge. Two of the 
old Roman roads pass through the county. Watling Street enters it 
at Old Stratford, and crosses towards Daventry by Weedon 3 Ermine 
Street enters at Castor, near Peterborough, and passes into Lincoln- 
shire. The most eastern point of the county is only about seventeen 
miles from the shores of the Wash. A radius of eighty-five miles 
from the town of Northampton would include the whole or part of 
thirty counties, so that it may be looked on as being near the centre 
of England. 

The county abounds with objects of interest to the Architect, the 
Antiquary, and the Historian; and the cyclist who is fond of having 
an object at the end of his run will find few better centres in England 
than the old town of Northampton. 

The population is about 60,000. It is a thriving place, has 
increased much within the last twenty years, and is still increasing. 
The shoe-trade forms the staple industry, and probably some eight or 
ten thousand people find employment at it. 

It may be reached from London either by the London and 
North Western Railway or by the Midland. 

The time occupied by the former is an hour and a half, by the 
latter two hours ; but I would advise the cyclist to leave the train at 
St. Albans, and trust to his own muscles for the rest of the distance, 
— that is, about fifty miles. Most things in this world that are done 
well have been done slowly, and when speaking of cycling it is not 
the man who has ridden eighty or a hundred miles in a day who is 
to be envied, but he who has seen most and profited most by what 
he has seen. I would therefore further advise the cyclist to make his 

* Reprinted, by pennissioii, from The Wayfarer : Journal of the Soeiety of 
OyelisUy Deo., 1888. Ghatto k WindnB, Fiooadilly, W. 

^5' 



igo Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

way bj Dunstable and Woburn to Newport Pagnell, and stay the night 
there. It was in this town that Oliver Cromwell* s eldest son "Oliver" 
died of snaallpox, and the death changed the whole course of English 
history. Newport Pagnell is beyond doubt one of the prettiest 
little towns in the Midlands^ although there may not be much in it 
to interest the passing guest. Go where you will, however, there is 
always an old church containing something worth studying, and here 
we have that of St. Paul in the Perpendicular and Early English 
styles. Like so many other churches, it has undergone the ordeal of 
restoration, and, moreover, a very good carillon of bslls has been 
lately added. The curio-hunter will find several shops where old 
china and engravings are offered for sale at prices which are perhaps 
rather lower than the average in London. We have it on the 
authority of Dr. Johnson that the best scenery in the world is 
improved by a good hotel in the background. The wayfarer need 
not hesitate to enter that at Newport Pagnell, as it is an unusually 
good one. From Newport to Northampton is fifteen miles, and the 
road lies through the villages of Gay hurst. Stoke Goldington, and 
Horton, and runs close to Delapr6 Abbey. Near the lattpr, and 
about a mile and a half from Northampton, stands one of Queen 
Eleanor's crosses. The cyclist will pause here for a longer or 
shorter time, as he may feel inclined, to admire the faultless Gothic 
in which this monument to a faithful queen was reared by a grateful 
and sorrowing king. Like everything else, it has felt the hand of 
time. In Queen Anne's reign a cross was placed on the summit, 
but this has long since disappeared. Lately the base has been 
renewed, still much remains to be done to preserve its beauty. 
Opposite the gate of Delapr6 is a causeway which is as old as the 
cross. From the cross the run down hill into Northampton is 
splendid, and the incline is not very steep. At the entrance to the 
town is a level railway crossing, and after that the *' going " is very 
bad for half a mile. The first part of the street is narrow and badly 
paved, and the last part is very steep. Just where the ascent begins 
is the *• Plough Hotel" and the entrance to the Midland Station, and 
on the right hand, a little higher up, is the " Angel Hotel ; '* at the 
top is the " George)" and not far off is the "Peacock." The 
" George," the most central, is the habitat of the Cyclists' Touring 
Club. 

Northampton is no parvenu. Some believe it to have been a 
British town and others a Roman one. In Saxon times it was 
known as Hampton. In Domesday Book it is called Nortbantone, 
and it then contained two hundred and ninety-five inhabited houses. 



Northampton as a Cycling Centre. 191 



Sweyn of Denmark ransacked it, and burnt it to the ground. The 
town often figures in the history of England. Many Parliaments 
have been held in it, and many kiugs have visited it. Among others 
we read of Henry i., Henry 11., Richard i.. King William of Scot- 
land, John, Richard 11., and Henry viii. The good Queen Bess, 
too, honoured it with a call when she made her '' stately progress to 
Burghley'* in 1564. On leaving the town the inhabitants gave her 
a purse and £16^ a sum which would seem a ridiculously small gift 
to royalty in our day. We are also told that the good people spent 
the rest of the day in bull- and bear-baiting. Some other visitors 
have not been so pleasant as these royal personages. The Great 
Plague appeared in 1637, and in 1663 there was a frightful thunder- 
storm. In 1675 a great part of the town was burnt down. Floods 
have been known in later times, and I have seen one of the streets 
three or four feet deep in water, so that it had more the appearance 
of a Venetian canal than a noisy English thoroughfare. 

Several celebrated men were born in Northampton. For instance, 
Samuel Parker, bishop of London, Robert Brown the founder of the 
Brownists, and Hervey, the author of the Meditations, bom at 
Hardingstone, was educated here. The castle, of which not a trace 

now remains, (the 
last wall having 
been pulled down 
to make room for 
the goods depdt 
of the new railway 
station, a piece of 
vandalism which 
might surely have 
been avoided by 
some means), was 
built shortly after 
the Conquest. It 
played its part in 

many strifes until 
Baation of Northampton Castle. j^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 

of it was demolished, and the rest used as a prison. The town 
can boast of several fine churches, and three at least should be 
visited :— St. Sepulchre's, one of the four round churches remaining 
in England j St. Peter's, a grand specimen of Norman work, dating 
from the reign of Stephen ; and All Saints', built by Sir Christopher 
Wren. Nearly opposite the latter is the facade of the County Hall, 
said to have been designed by Inigo Jones. 

^5* 




193 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

No one should omit an inspection of Danes Camp. It is about 
two miles from the town, and not far from Queen Eleanor's Cross, 
already mentioned. It is best to walk to this old British fort, for 
without doubt the name by which it usually goes is a misnomer. 
Lately ironstone was discovered under it, aud extensive excavations 
have been made in consequence. Although these excavations have to 
some extent altered the original appearance of the camp, they have 
nevertheless been the means of bringing to light an almost priceless 
collection of late Celtic antiquities. As about ^£^4,000 have been spent 
in getting out the ironstone, it may readily be understood that never 
before was an old camp so thoroughly explored. Swords, spear-heads, 
knives, pot-hooks, fibulae, pottery, combs, and skulls have been 
unearthed in rich profusion, and a collection formed unique of its 
kind. The greater part of this " find *' is now in the Northampton 
Museum, having been lent by Pickering Phipps, Esq., to whom much 
praise is due for the care taken of the collection. It has been 
arranged by Sir Henry Dryden, bart. and the curator, Mr. T. J. Greorge, 
who is always pleased to explain any doubtful point to visitors. 

It is curious to notice that the skulls found at the camp are, for 
the most part, of the Saxon rather than the Celtic type. In one, the 
frontal bone is extremely narrow and receding, and is probably 
pathological, otherwise it would be difEcult to classify. 

Althorp Park, the seat of Earl Spencer, is about six miles from 
Northampton ; but if approached, as I would advise, by Kingsthorpe 
and Church Brampton, another mile or so has to be added to the 
distance. The roads are nearly always in good order. At the top of 
the hill, shortly before we reach the gate, a glimpse may be caught of 
Holdenby House, originally an immense pile. Sir Christopher 
Hatton built the original mansion with the intention of presenting it 
to Elizabeth, and Charles i. was imprisoned here after his surrender 
to the Scotch parliament. It is now the seat of Viscount Clifden, 
but most of the old house has perished or been pulled down. 
Whyte-Melville made it the scene of one of his stories. The 
park at Althorp, which is about five hundred acres in extent, is open- 
to strangers, and from the gate nearest Northampton to that at the 
farthest point affords a drive of nearly a mile and a half. The road 
through the park passes close to the mansion, and winds amid some 
fine specimens of timber, much of which is seventeenth century oak.. 
The mansion contains the finest private library in Europe. It 
amounts to nearly fifly thousand volumes, and numbers among its 
treasures many of the rarest editions of rare books. Here is the 



Northampton as a Cycling Centre. 193 



Mazarine Bible of 1455 i ^"^ ^^""^ ^^^ *^® seventy editions of Cicero 
consulted by Gibbon. Nearly fifty of them were printed before 
1473. We see a Homer of 1474; many works of the Caxton Press 
series j early editions of Shakespeare 5 hundreds of famous books^ 
the mere naming of which would take up too much space in this 
paper j and above all is the Boccaccio of Valdarfer, printed in 147 1. 
It was at one time in the Duke of Roxburgh's collection, and at his 
sale was knocked down to Lord Blandford for 5^3,260, Lord Spencer 
having bid ^2,2 jo. Subsequently it came into the hands of the 
then Lord Spencer for aSgoo. 

The walls are lined with works of art. The collection of pictures 
is of itself sufficient to make the house famous for all time had it 
not been eclipsed by the collection of books. Here are Rembrandts^ 




Wouvermans, Kaufmans, 
Lelys, Snyders, Reynolds, 
and Gains boroughs enough 
to fill the dullest man with 
admiration, aad make the 
least envious man envious. 
Leaving the park by the 
gate opposite to that by 



House of Washington's Ancestors 
at Little Brington. 



which we entered, we cycle along an avenue-like road, where 
the grateful shade of the trees keeps one cool in the hottest 
day of summer, and we arrive at the village of Great Brington, close 
to which is the church containing the tombs of the Spencers from 
the fourteenth century, or earlier. About a mile further is the village 
of Little Brington^ and here, io a humble cottage, which may be 



194 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

known by a tablet over the door, lived the ancestors of George 
Washington. The tablet bears the following inscription :— 



THE 


LORD GEVETH 


THE 


LORD TAKETH 


AWAY 


BLESSED BE THE 


KAIAE 


OF THE LORD 


OONSTRVCTA 




1606 



Inside the cottage are still shown a relic or two of the old family, 
and on the arms of the Washingtons may be. traced the germ of the 
American national flag — the stars and stripes. The way back to 
Northampton is by Nobottle and Berry Wood j but the surface of 
the road is not always smooth between these places, although it 
improves at the village of Duston, and the town may be entered 
by St. James*s End, making a circuit of about sixteen miles in all. 

One of the grandest ruins in England is that of Kirby Hall, 
partly designed by John Thorpe for the Staffords, and probably added 
to by Sir Christopher Hatton between 1572 and 1585, and again 
added to in 1636 from designs by Inigo Jones. The route is by 
Kettering (fourteen miles,) and theu to Geddington, where there is 
another of Queen Eleanor's Crosses. The cyclist should turn to the 
left at the cross, and go on to Great Weldon, where he should turn 
ofiE at the " King's Arms Inu." Kirby Hall is about three miles 
further, and the total distance is about twenty-six miles. As far as 
Great Weldon the road is very good, but after passing that village it 
is bad, and for the last half mile cycling is difficult, as the road is 
merely a sort of farm track across a field. 

The hall lies rather low, and is surrounded by trees, so that one 
might easily pass within a couple of hundred yards and not see it. 
This feature caused it to be suggested as a hiding-place for George in. 
in that disgraceful panic and fear of invasion which seized English- 
men during the career of the first Napoleon. 

Approaching from the north, we enter an open court about 156 
feet long and 120 feet wide. Three sides of this court are formed 
by walls, each wall having a gateway in its centre. The east and west 
gateways are exactly opposite each other, and the north one faces the 
main entrance. Nearly all through the building symmetry has been 
studiously aimed at. The gateway to the north has a beautiful open 
treived pediment, and the wall on each side of the gateway is sur- 
'ted by an open balustrade with stone coping, and this is carried 
be east and west walls as far as their gateways. The main 



Northampton as a Cycling- Centre. 195 

entrance is en the south side of the court. The centre of this fa9ade 
IS three stories high, and gabled, and drops to two stories at either 
end, where it joins the range of narrow buildings forming the inner 
court or quadrangle. The centre of this gable is surmounted by a 
fine stone balustrade^ and the whole of this fa9ade, which is 
attributed to Inigo Jones, has an extremely fine effect when 
approached from the north. There is a balcony over the centre 
archway, and also one at each angle. 

Passing under the archway we enter the inner court, and see at a 
glance the dilapidation into which this gorgeous mansion has been 
allowed to fall. On three sides of this court the whole buildings are 
roofless. Here and there large oak beams cross the building, and 
they have resisted the ravages of time almost as well as the stone 
itself. On the inside of the quadrangle is an arcade consisting of 
seven arches. Over these are the first-floor windows, and over the 
centre are the second-floor windows, the whole being surmounted by a 
balustrade. There are six pilasters here, each running as high as the 
pediments of the second-story windows. The four outer ones are 
fluted, and the two inner ones are magnificent specimens of Renais* 
sance carving. The date 1640 can be made out over the windows, 
showing that Inigo Jones made alterations in this part, but the 
pediment of the balcony window contains a figure, and on it is a 
later date — 1688, I think. The staircases leading to the first floor 
were placed at each end of the arcade, and some of the handrails 
may still be seen curiously worked in the solid stone. The quad- 
rangle, of which, as already said, this part forms the north side, is 
about 150 feet long and 88 feet wide. The architectural details are 
exactly the same on both sides, the symmetry having been most 
carefully attended to. There are four doorways on the east and west 
elevations, and these doorways have lovely fluted pilasters with Ionic 
capitals, sculptured friezes, and cornices. A string course runs 
round above the ground and first-floor windows. In the latter it 
takes the place of a frieze. Both are formed of an ogee moulding, 
a band of floral sculptured decoration, a small cymatium, and a bead. 
Above this is the parapet with its decorated coping. On the south 
side of the court lies the greater part of the house. The porch 
projects into this inner court, and it is the gem of the whole pile, the 
part on which the greatest care has been spent and the greatest 
decoration lavished. The entrance is a semi-circular moulded arch, 
on each side of which are a pair of exquisitely fluted columns with 
Ionic capitals. These reach to the top of the arch only, and above 
them on each side are a pair of Corinthian columns. Between these 



196 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

is a window with a semi-arch and pilasters surmounted bj an open 
curved pediment. The latter would seem to be an insertion of much 
later date than the rest of the porch. The window opens on to a 
balcony. The porch is gabled, and the gable is moSt elaborately 
decorated, the leading feature being a series of six columns of the 
Corinthian order, although, like all the rest, some freedom has been 
taken in treating them. Date 1572. 

On each side of the porch are mullioned windows, and between 
tbem are bold fluted pilasters with Ionic capitals and sculptured 
friezes. The pilasters terminate above the parapet, and each is, or 
has been, finished with a ball. Altogether the appearance of this 
fa9ade is grand and striking — perhaps unrivalled of its kind. 

The inner door of the porch opens into the hall, which is about 
50 feet long by 25 feet wide and 26 feet high. The ceiling is divided 
into panels by the decorated ribs. Across the east end is the 
minstrels' gallery, supported on brackets decorated with the acanthus. 
On the south side of the hall are a pair of doors leading to the rather 
curiously curved steps to the garden, down which, tradition says. 
Sir Christopher Hatton once handed Queen Elizabeth. At the 
south-east corner is a stone staircase, with spandrel moulded steps on 
three sides and a landing on the other. On the first floor the space 
is fifteen feet square, and the steps are arranged so that the eighth 
step is on a quarter space or landing, twenty-four steps getting one 
up to the first floor. There are niches in the wall at each quarter 
space. The roof has a lantern -shaped ceiling very beautifully 
decorated, and there are four dormer windows, with semi-circular 
heads and semi-arches groined into the roof. The keys of the 
arches are formed of grotesque heads. The access to the minstrels* 
gallery was by this staircase j but the part between it and the former 
is now in ruins, and only the wall at the south end of the quadrangle 
remains. Under the minstrels* gallery there is a doorway, with 
pentilated frieze and cornice, and pediment. This is placed under a 
semi-arch, having on each side an Ionic pilaster. The acanthus 
brackets which support the gallery rested on the former capitals of 
these pilasters. A door on the west end of the hall leads to a lobby, 
on the south of which are the principal rooms, and on the west i& the 
staircase leading to the first floor. It is constructed with the same 
number of steps as the other, but the treads are of solid oak. The 
landing is formed of reeds and plaster. To the north was the picture 
gallery, a room i jo feet long, but ill-proportioned. A small bit of 
the coved ceiling, with the decorated ribs and cornice, still remains to 
attest the beauty of the whole. Many of the other rooms are 



Northampton as a Cycling Centre. 197 

beautifully shaped, and have bajs and recesses to soften the harsh 
lines. The stonework is invariably good, and many of the mouldings 
and cornices are as delicately carved as they are finely proportioned. 

I think it is Emerson who likens a Gothic church to a petrified 
religion. I might liken Kirby Hall to a petrified poem — an epic in 
stone ; and it is impossible to look on this magnificent specimen of 
the Elizabethan and later Renaissance without feeling the keenest 
sorrow that it should be allowed to crumble into dust. Part of it is 
still protected by the roof, and much might even yet be restored to 
something like its former glory ^ but before another generation is 
over it will have become a hopeless ruin. Perhaps a pilaster, or an 
arch, or a gable may remain for centuries, and enable the student of 
the future to conjure up the exquisite proportions, the graceful 
outlines, and the harmonic detail, perfect in its minutest part, which 
charm us now. We can see them all, but we see them with the 
hand of death overstretched, — beautiful still, but it is the beauty of 
decay, fading away almost as we look, like the lovely tints of autumn, 
and, unlike them, never to be repeated, for the builder's art is a lost 
one. 

To some of us it may possibly be more fascinating as a ruin than 
it would be interesting as a palace ; und this is the only consolation 
we can get. Now we look at it in its solitary grandeur, abandoned 
by man who reared it, and undergoing the inevitable transition back 
to the elements, given up for a while by its mother earth, who now 
claims her own again exacting the penalty of life.* 

After a thorough inspection of the building I would counsel a 
long rest in one of its shady courts, and dull indeed must be the man 
who, seated amid these relics of fallen greatness, cannot conjure up 
some of the scenes enacted here when the place was alive with the 
gay court of Elizabeth. We can picture the ball-room on that day 
when Sir Christopher led his royal guest through the mazes of one 
of those figures of the brawl which needed some amount of memory 
and lightness of foot to execute properly, and which were honourably 
distinguished from what someone has called " that senseless rotatory 
embrace " now termed dancing. Or he may prefer another peep into 
the past. Did not Sir Christopher, with courtly grace, accompany 
his queen down those steps leading to the garden, and are not these 
steps known to this day as the " Queen's steps " ? " Very likely a 

^ Sinoe the above was in type I learn with pleasnre that the present noble 
owner has taken steps to prevent further decay. The hage masses of ivy have 
been taken down, the tops of the walla are being oovered, and many of the 
windows are being glazed. 

26 



198 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 



pure legend," some hypercritical person will say. Possibly it is only 
a legend, but in such things I prefer the simple faith of the child to 
the mature scepticism of the man. I should not like any one to 
demonstrate to m«* that Homer never lived. I love to think that the 
heart of the blind old man was gladdened by the sound of his voice 
as he recited his ringing syllables and sonorous verses. 

The wheelman should now return to Kettering, and get a night's 
rest at the " Royal Hotel/* which, by the way, has the reputation of 
being the best hotel in the kingdom. It is a sort of museum of old 
china and engravings. Next morning he should ride to Rothwell, a 
distance of four miles. The name of this town is, however, 

pronounced Rowell. 
(t is said that at one 
time it was surroun- 
ded by walls. If so 
not a vestige of them 
is to be found now j 
but there are three 
things left, any one 
of which would' be 
enough to justify the 
spending of a good 
many hours in the 
place. These are the 
Church, the Bones, 
and the Market 
House. 

The Church of 
the Holy Trinity is 
upwards of six hun- 
dred years old, and 
has the merit of being 
the longest church 
in Northamptonshire. 
When crowned by 
its lofty spire, before 
it was shorn of the 
transepts, surrounded 
by its chapels, and robed in all its catholic glory, it must 
have stopped but little short of cathedral grandeur. The chancel 
still contains the oaken stalls, and much of the carving on 
them is elaborate and grotesque, some of it having, perhaps, s 




East Arch of Bothwell Market House, with Arms 
of Tresham, and Door of Round House. 



^Northampton as a Cycling Centre. 199 

Phallic significaooe. Nearlj two hundred years ago, when some 
workmen were raising a slab in the south aisle, a crypt was 
discovered, and from the west end of the church a staircase was 
found leading down to it. In this crypt are the famous Booes of 
Rothwell. The accompanying illustration conveys some idea of the 
crypt and the bones ; but the latter cauoot be adequately expressed in 
a drawing. 

£ach visitor is supplied with a lighted candle, and as the sexton 
leads the way down the narrow stairs, one feels as if taking part in 
some old procession of the monks. The guide invariably stops 
opposite a walled-up doorway, and informs his party that here was 
the entrance to a subterranean passage leading to a nunnery. The 
crypt is soon reached, and then astonishment takes the place of every 
other feeling. On either side are piles of human bones carefully 
arranged in layers. The dim light of the candles brings into view 
hundreds or rather thousands of skulls, and the effect produced in 
most people is singular and indescribable. At the end of the crypt 
can be faintly seen a fresco of the Resurrection. It is currently 
believed that thirty thousand bodies are represented ; but I cannot 
help thinking that this is an exaggeration, although some thousands 
there certainly are. Now, whence came these bones ? Two ideas 
find favour with the multitude. One is that they were collected from 
a burial ground, and placed in the crypt by the monks of some age 
unknown. 

I had the good fortune to inspect these bones with Dr. B. W. 
Richardson and Dr. Wynter Blyth, and the conclusion we came to, 
judging from the skulls and pelvic bones that could be got at, was 
that few women were represented, and that bones of children were 
fewer still. This, if borne out by subsequent examination, would 
dispose of the graveyard theory. Besides, if we assume that the 
town of Rothwell and its neighbourhood had an average population 
of three thousand, and if we further assume that the annual 
death-rate among the grown-up people was tweuty in the thousand, 
and that only fifteen thousand skeletons are in the crypt, it would 
have taken two hundred and fifty years to have supplied the bodies. 
Again, it seems difficult to imagine any sufficient reason for the 
monks leaving their arduous duties and employing themselves in 
grubbing up a churchyard. 

The other idea is that the remains are those of men slain in some 
great battle. This theory accounts for the absence of women and 
children ; but if we admit that fifteen thousand skeletons are 
present, then such a mortality would mean one of two things — either 
a most sanguinary battle, or a number of combatants larger than is 

26* 



200 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

likely to have met at anj date which can be assigned to the bones. 
This much is certain : that the skulls are of three leading types — 
namely, Saxon, Celtic, and Roman or Romano- British, and that many 
of the long bones must have formed part of men of great stature. 
A careful examination of the whole of the skulls would teach us 
much. A complete classification should be made, cranial indices of 
all the skulls taken, and notes made of all ante-mortem wounds. 
Then, with a basis of actual fact, we might proceed to build a theory 
of the Bones at Rothwell. In the meantime we had better let them 
rest. Similar collections, but on a much smaller scale, are to be seen 
at Ripon and Hythe. 

The Market House was built by Sir Thomas Tresham, and is 
admittedly a fine specimen of sixteenth century work. It is sadly 
defaced^ but it has been proposed to make a Jubilee work of its 




The Triangular Lodge, Riishton. 

restoration. Let us hope this will be carried out. The visit to 
Rothwell I should look on as a fair morning's employment. The 
distance from it to Rushton is under three miles. No one should 
pass the Triangular Lodge, rightly said to be the most extraordinary 
building in England 3 and imagination has not been idle in searching 



Northampton as a Cycling Centre. 201 

for the causes of its erection, and for an explanation of the symbolism 
it portrays. It was built between i59.:{ and 1595 ^V ^^^ Thomas 
Tresham^ a grandson of the Hospitaller^ and father of the Francis 
Tresham who was mixed up in the Gunpowder Plot. The plan is 
that of an equilateral triangle, each side being thirty feet long. There 
are three stories, and three windows on each side of each story. 
Those in the ground floor, or rather basement, are very small 
triangles surrounded by trefoils. Each fa9ade has three gables and 
three gargoyles. The floors, which are supported on oaken beams 
i8in. K i8in., are probably of reed and plaster formation. There are 
three triangular rooms on each floor, leaving a hexagonal chamber in 
the centre. One of the triangles is, however, taken up by the spiral 
staircase, and on the first floor another contains the fireplace, the flue 
from which must follow a curious course, as the chimney comes 
through the centre of the roof. The fa9ades are enriched by carved 
shields and emblems. 

Over the door are the figures 55*55. These are, I believe, as yet 
unexplained. Above the figures are the arms of the Treshams. The 
lodge stands on the estate of W. C. Clarke-Thorn hill, £sq., and his 
seat, Rushton Hall, is a splendid quadrangular building finished 
about 1630. The walk is still shown where Dry den composed "The 
Hind and the Panther.** The Church of All Saints is about a mile 
from the lodge. Here there is a monument to Sir Thomas Tresham, 
Lord Prior of the Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, 
the only one of its kind in England. The knight who died in 1559 
wears the dress assigned to the Order by Pope Honorius iii. There 
is also a cross-legged effigy of a knight in ringed mail, supposed to 
be that of Sir William de Goldingham, who died 1296. From 
Rushton to Kettering is four miles. 

Next day the church at Warkton should be seen. Here are 
marble groups by Roubiliac commemorative of the Duke and Duchess 
of Montague, a statue by Vangelder to their daughter, and another 
by Campbell to the Duchess of Buccleuch. 

About a mile and a half off is fioughton House, one of the seats 
of the Duke of Buccleuch. It was built early in the eighteenth 
century by one of the Dukes of Montague^ and it was designed from 
a curious standpoint. Four wings were to represent the seasons. 
The chimneys are the same in number as the weeks in the year. 
There are 365 windows^ and entrances for each day of the week. 
There is much old tapestry in the mansion, and some fine pictures, 
including two cartoons attributed to Raphael. On the estate thera 
are sixty miles of avenues formed of elms in rows of fours. 



203 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

From Boughtoo to the Liveden New Buildings, as they are 
called, to distinguish them from the old Manor House, is about ten 
miles, but the most direct route is by cross-country roads, and a good 
allowance of time is necessary. 

" This noble edifice," says one description, " was erected by Sir 
Thomas Tresham in the reig n of Elizabeth, and is a splendid monu- 
ment of his taste, and one of the finest specimens of the Decorated 
style of architecture of that age." It is built in the form of a Greek 
cross, and each limb of the cross ends in a bay. Like the Triangular 
Lodge, it consists of basement, ground floor, and first floor ; and 
also like the Triangular Lodge it was evidently intended for some 
religious purpose, the one being emblematic of the Trinity, the other 
of the Passion. One of Cromweirs generals tried to demolish it, 
but failing in his attempt, he carried off the timber, and used it in 
the erection of a house at Oundle. The Buildings are about four 
miles from Oundle and seven from Thrapstone. The latter is 
twenty-two miles from Northampton. Should time permit Barnwell 
castle may be visited from Oundle. 

If the patience of my readers were not a limited quantity, I could 
describe many more of the sights of Northamptonshire, but I have 
already said enough to induce some members of the Society to visit 
and explore for themselves. I may, however, just name " Burghley 
House by Stamford Town,** much of which was designed by John 
Thorpe, and which is said to be more like its original self than any 
other sixteenth century mansion ^ Drayton House, too, originally 
by Sir Henry Greene, Lord Chief Justice of England in the reign of 
Edward iii., which now shows various specimens of architecture, 
including its cupolaed Tudor towers, and a fa9ade built in the reign 
of William iii. Then there is Castle Ashby, mostly by Inigo Jones, 
and its lovely gardens j its Yardley Chase and Cowper's Oak j 
Rockingham Castle, begun by William the Conqueror, added to in 
the reign of Edward i., and the main part now of the Jacobean 
period ; Brixworth Church, with some old Roman work, or at least 
Roman material, in it. There are old British, Saxon, or Roman 
Forts at Arbery, Irchester, and Burrow Hill, and a very perfect one 
near Lichborough, on the estate of Edward Grant, Esq. Lastly, 
there is the field of Naseby. 

I think, therefore, that I have established the claim of " North- 
ampton as a Cycling Centre.** Richard Greene. 

We are indebted to Mr. Mark, the Drapery ; Mr. F. W. Bull, of 
Kettering ; and Mr. Chamberlain, of Rothwell, for the illustrations 
in this article. 



Superstitions^ etc. 203 

506. — Bronzb Sbal found at Towcbster. — Can any reader 
of " N. N. & Q.*' give me any information about an old bronze seal 
which was found in this town, and is now in my possession. I 
think from its appearance it is ecclesiastical. It is inscribed " Simon 
Martin. V.G." Was he connected with this county, and at what date ? 

TowcMter. Geo RGB T. Smith. 

507. — Matthbw Holbbchb Blozam (476). — It maybe as 
well to note that the following places^ mentioned by Mr. Bloxam in 
his Principles of Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture as being in 
Northamptonshire, are not actually in the county though in some 
cases close to the border : — 

Chesterton — Hunts. : 3 miles s.w. of Peterborough. 
Elton — Hunts. : n.b. of the Nen, near Fotheringhay. 
Middleton Stoney — Oxon. : near Bicester. 
Stibbington — Hunts : in the w. angle of the county, on the borders 

of Northamptonshire. 
Whitwell — Rutland, b. of the vale of Catmose. 

I think Walmsford is intended for Wansford or Wandsford, and 
that Wyke Dyve should read Wyke Dyke. 

It will also perhaps render identification easier if for 
Aston • . we read Aston le Walls 
Brampton . „ Church Brampton 

Carlton . . „ East Carlton 

Fawesly. . „ Fawsley 

Milton Malsor „ Middleton Malsor 
Norborough . „ Northborough 

Stowe . . „ Stowe Nine Churches 

Holmbj House, ForoBt Qato. JoHN T. Paob. 

508. — SuPBRSTiTioNS, BTC. (42a). — In addition to the 
superstitions, recorded by «' F. T." in " N. N. & GL," relating to 
magpies, the following superstitious beliefs, also connected with the 
feathered tribe, prevail in Northamptonshire : — 

A crow, alighting at a short distance in front of a person going 
along a road, is looked upon as the forerunner of bad luck ; two crows 
alighting in the same way are said to be a sign of good luck, 
particularly if, when flying away, the crows go over the person's head j 
while four crows prognosticate a death in the person's family. A 
single white pigeon is considered a bird of evil omen; if, after 
hovering around for some time, it finally alights upon a house, it is 
said to be a ''warning" of the approaching death of one of the 
inmates of the house. 



204 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

The following also : — The roaring noise of a fire is the 
precursor of a quarrel in the house ; two table-knives accidentally 
crossed upon the table predict a like event. A thin leaf of smut 
fluttering on the bar of the grate shows that a stranger will pay a visit 
to the house. It is bad luck for two persons accompanying each 
other along the road to separate, and one of them to turn back, at a 
gate. The almost universal belief that it is bad luck after getting 
outside a house to return for something that has been accidentally left 
behind, is also prevalent. . 

A mole on the body is considered to be lucky ; it is said that a 
person with '* a mole on the neck *' will " gather money by the peck." 
The right eye itching is a sign of joy 3 the left a sign of sorrow ; or 
" right eye, joy j left eye, cry." The nose itching : you will be either 
kissed, cursed, or vexed. When the left cheek burns, someone is 
speaking well of you; when the right cheek burns, someone is 
speaking ill of you (bite your own finger, and the person speaking ill 
of you will bite his or her tongue) ; or " right cheek, left friend ; left 
cheek, right friend." White specks on the finger or thumb nails 

are called « gifts." 

A gift on the finger is sure to linger, 
A gift on the thumb is soon to come. 

The palm of the right hand itching, you will receive money; the 
left, you will pay money away. In connection with the former, 
If yon rab it on wood 
It is sure to come good. ^ ^ 

Kendal. A. Palmer. 

509. — The Poulton Family op Desborouoh (468). — In The 
Life and Miraculous Conversion from Popery of Joseph Perry, Written 
by Himself, 1727, is this reference to the Poultons of Desborough:— 

" When I came to Cransly, which I suppose might be the eleventh 
Year of my Age, Sir Henry Robinson put me into a blue Livery ; I 
used to go with him when he went abroad, to wait upon him ; Sir 
Henry was a strong Roman Catholick, but bis Lady was a Church of 
England Woman. We had a Priest sometimes in the House with us, 
yet we often went to Desborough, about a Mile off Rowel, to one 
Mr. Polton, a great Roman Catholick, who was made a Justice of 
Peace in King James the ad's Time. Here we used to go to Mass 
and Confession of Sin. Here used to be sometimes a Jesuit to 
preach ; to this Place Sir Henry Robinson and I went often, there 
being none in the Family, nor, as I know of, in the Town, that did 
profess to be Roman Catholicks, but he and 1, only sometimes we 
bad a Priest with us -, but at Desborough there was Mr. PoIton*8 
whole Family Papists, with some others in the Town, so that there 
we bad several met together." F. T. 



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! \n]\/ 



[ NOV ^:3 1889 



f Vol. III. 



/part XXtH^n^ \ rl?^^ Is. 6d. 



Spread wide the historic page to ardent youth ; 
ff^ith fiber al hand to mankind give the right 
To drink deep draughts Jrom wtlls of purest truth; 
Hapten the coming time : Let t/iere be light. 

Mr. Henderson. 



Northamptonshire 



^J/33./S 



w 



,3. 



^C\^ 



y.. ' 



Notes & Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 



DEVOTED TO 



The Antiquities, Family Historyy Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c,, of the County. 



Ht -€Ne-«>^' c^«:-%>«-fc^-5s^-«Nr-«> « ^ -^sij-**^ '%>^^%>m.* 



l-iiS^-^^^J'^^CiJf 





Contents/ 


510 


John Dryden's Birth 


623 


Northampton M.F.'s : Laae 


611 


Bowling Green in Snlehay Foeest 


624 


Mantell of Heyford 


612 




626 


Crick Family of Northamptonshire 


618 


Wakerley Parish Begisters 


626 


Glimpses of Old Northampton : Its 


614 


" The Northampton MisceUany " 




Signs 


616 


Castor Local Antiquities 




Guy of Warwick 


616 


Shakespearian Manuscripts at 
Abington Ahhey 




The Talbot 

The Shoulder of Mutton 

The PhoBnix 


617 


" Meed-Fires " 




The Black Periwig 


618 


Mediseval Church Notes 




The French Horn and German Flute 


619 


The Miller Family 




The Blue Boar 


620 


Br. Doddridge's Epitaph 


627 


Greaves Family 


621 


Monumental Inscriptions from other 


628 


Claypole Family 




Counties 


629 




622 


The Stuart Exhibition (plateaj 




shire 



Nort()am)9ton : 

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London: ELLIOT STOCK, PATERNOSTER ROW. 

[£nier(d at Stationers' Hall.] 



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ONE 0^ THL bT\RRUp^ 




1 








T : ,1 . . 



. •'.'.', • ' * : 



It: I ; ■ , 



' •." ";.''■ . i: 

;i . C.In . 








CHE 0^ THL bT\RRU^t> ^ 
CHARULb 



k 



i 




Bowling Green in Sulehay Forest. 305 

510. — John Drydbn*s Birth. — Can any of jour readers give 
any positive evidence as to the exact date and place of John Dryden's 
birth? Was it August 9, or the iptb, 1631?— the latter date is 
stated in the Ashmolean MSS. (No. 243, Black's Catalogue) — or was 
it in the year 1632, as appears on his monument in Westminster 
Abbey ? In August, 1689, he was deprived of the post of laureate and 
historiographer. In Johnson's caustic language — "A few months 
cured him of controversy, dismissed him from court, and made him 
again a playwright and translator.*' 

Temple Chambers, London, B.C. W. LoVELL. 

511. — Bowling Green in Sulehay Forest (360). — By the 
kindness of the Rev. John Pickford, m.a., of Newbourne rectory, 
Woodbridge, we are enabled to reproduce the Latin poem previously 
mentioned, descriptive of the above bowling green, at Wansford, 
a village near Oundle. It occurs in vol. i. of MuscB Jnglicana, edilio 
quinta, 1741, and would seem, from the asterisk prefixed to the title 
in the table of contents, to have been first inserted in this edition. 
The poem occupies pages IC9-1 1 1 and part of 11 2, and is as follows: — 

Sphaeristerium Suleianum. 
Aufonias propter ripas, quk cogitur unda 
Ferre jugum, & famam debet Wansfordia Ponti 
Sylvae contiguus, modicique cacumine montis. 
Est locus, Australem qui partem versus & ortum, 
Vallesque, villasque, & longos prospicit agros ; 
Terra olim Agricolx duros experta labores. 
At postquara cincta est vivs munimine sepis, 
£t viridi donata togi de cespite puro, 
Tota vacat ludo, magnis celebranda triumph is, 
Miraturque novos auratA veste colonos. 
Hanc bene detonsam, ad ac vivum cespite raso, 
Laevigat, atque polit, subigitque volubile saxum, 
Labeutem spbaeram n^ qu^ festuca moretur. 

H&c generosa cohors, animo depellere curas 
Ciim juvat, & sudum est» dictis plerumque diebus 
Convolat ; in partes itur ; Tu Guelfius esto. 
Hie GiBBLiNUS erit j furiis tamen ante remotis, 
Quin & avariti& -, turpes haec suscitat iras. 
Sed neque pro nudA jubeo te laude pacisci : 
'' Exacuit modicum ; nimio si pignore certes, 
" Corrumpis ludum» n^ sit sincera volnptas. 
Laudo tamen veterum ritus, qui munera bina, 
Praemia victori^ statuunt^ solatia, victo. 

a? 



2o6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Heus paer ! hue propere sphaeras splendore corusca» 
£xpedias, lateri immissam quas fusile plumbum 
£t docuit solidare gradus, & ducere gyros. 
Stat juxt& domus exilis, gratissima fessis 
Umbra viris ; ead^m ludentibus arma ministrat. 
HiDc puer expromit sphaeras, hie nocte reeondit. 

Primus ibi ante omnes in arenam Sylvius Heros 
Descendit, mult& virtute insigpiis & arte : 
Seu eireumdueto metam contingere gyro, 
Sive per hostiles opus est perrumpere turmas. 
Is (postquam limen signirat lamina ferri) 
Protiniis emittit nullo molimine sphaeram 
£]Liguam. Haec Hblen/i est, cursds Haec meta futuri, 
Hanc ambire omnes : felix, qui limine primo 
Egressus, tandem illius requiescit in uluis. 
Tum sphaeram dextri com plexus, lumine certo 
Signat iter, prono veneratur corpore Nympham, 
Effunditque globum, tacito qui flumine lapsus 
Metae contiguus medift requiescit aren&. 

Excipit hunc N1SUS3 quo non praestantior alter, 
Sive globum versare manu, seu stringere metam ; 
Sive hostem turbare loco, seu vincere cursu. 
Hie sphaeram librat, minimi quae conscia plumbi 
Radit iter laevum interior, meliorque priorem 
Detrudit spatio, metaeque ample xibus haeret. 

Tum varius reliquis animus, spes, ira, metusque 
£t pudor, & studium, laudisque immensa cupido. 
Quisque suas partes tutari mente paratus ; 
Sed non quisque ducis laudes virtutibns aequat. 

Hie multum cupiens, titulos augere triumpbi, 
Atqae locum sperans saltem retinere secundum, 
Currentem sphaeram manibus pedibusque fatigat. 
Nunc festinantem vocis moderatur habeni; 
Ignavum & sine bonore globum nunc increpat; & mox 
Consul it, hortatur, laudat ; tum corpore torto 
Evitare docet cautes, monicisque videtur 
Emend^se suis. Quid non sibi somnia fingunt? 

Ille, volens capto Nisum detrudere muro, 
Fallitur, inque auras vires effundit inanes. 
Infelix virtus ! sed magnis excidit ausis. 

At veluti in castris olim Rom an a juventus, 
Induperatori si quando forti peric'lum 



Bowling Green at Sulehay Forest, 207 

Imminet, extemplft sese ad Prsetoria sistit, 
Tutaturque ducem, multoque satellite cingit : 
Haad aliter Nisum socii fido agmine cingunt, 
Obice firmantes aditiis^ hostemque morantur. 

Quid reliquos memorem, varius quos abstulit error \ 
Hie praetervectus metam post terga reliquit ; 
Is medio languet^ seu carcere segoior exit, 
Sue titubante pede & daplicato tramite vectus ; 
Hie hiat immodic^ nimiis ambagibus ; ille 
Interiore secat gyro^ vel devias errat 
Averso plumbo, tot& ridendus arenft. 

Sylvius, ut vidit DuUum superesse suorum, 
Oui coDelamatis posset succarrere rebus, 
Non animis cadit, aut satis iraseitur -, atqui 
Obiatam gaudet, qualem sibi poseeret ultrd, 
Materiem, dignamque su& virtute palaestracn. 
'' Ditiicili arguitur praesens ae ardua virtus 5 
*' Aldus opposite surgit velut aggere flumen. 
Turn spatium ornne suo permensus lumiae ; Dane hos. 
Nunc illos aditus rimante explorat oeello. 
Invia virtuti nulla est via, protinus infit. 

Dixerat, & limen repetit, sphaeramque poposcit, 
Quam prudens ilios olim serv&rat in usus. 
Viribus bane totis intorquet ; at evolat ilia 
Fulmine^ vibrata manu, ruptasque pbalauges 
Dissipat hostiles, hue illue funera spargeus, 
Objeetasque moras cursum molita per omnes, 
Abducit metam, & summ& consistit arenft. 

Protinus it Coelo clamor, totusque remugit 
Mons circum j trepidat mediis exterrita Sjlvis 
Nympha loquax, dubitans tanti quae causa triumphi, 
Quanto non raeminit eelebrari funera cervi. 

GuL. Dillingham, Cantab. 

In the same volume (pp. 244-8^ is another long poem in Latin 
hexameters, consisting of about 130 lines, by the same author, 
entitled Campana Undellenses, This also has an asterisk prefixed in 
the table of contents. In it the musical peal of bells at Oundle is 
graphically described. At that date there appears to have been only 
five bells, and the wish is uttered that some donor would add a sixth : — 

His, O, qois sextain adjiciet P turn nempe liceret 
Sexcentos variare modos. 

A note adds : *' Oandle Contract^ ex Avondale, Cambd.'* 



2o8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

512. — The Papillons and Northamptonshire (456,458). — 
The following carious advertisement refers to a member of the 
Northamptonshire family of Papillons. It appears at the end of the 
Ninth Collection of Papers relaiive to the present juncture of Affairs 
in England (4to, 1689) • — 

Lately publiahed, the Trial of Mr. Pftpillon ; by which it is manifest thai 
the (then) Lord Chief Jostioe Jefferies had neither learning, law, nor good 
manners, but great impudence (as was said of him by Charles the Second) in 
abasing all those worthy citizens who voted for Mr. Fapillon and Mr. Dubois, 
calling them a parcel of factious, pragmatical, sneaking, canting, sniyelling, 
prick-eared, crop-eared, atheistical fellows, rascals and scoundrels, as in page 19 
of that trial may be seen. Sold by Minhafti Janeway, and most booksellers. 

513. — Wakerlet Parish Registers (391,465). — 

167a Juliana Noell, the daughter of Henry Noell, esquire, and 
Elizabeth bis wife was borne the 19th day of May Anno 
Dni. 1672, and baptized 30 daye eidem Carolo Secundi 
Anglic Scoti(9, et Hibemi^ vicessimo quarto. 

The marriages are thus headed in the same volume (No. i) : — " A 
Reg' of all those that have been married w^'in the parish of 
Wakerley since the yeare of o' redemption 1548, anno secundo 
£dwardi Sexti. 

1549 Hugh Wytham and Joane Walcott weare married the xvij^ 

daie of Oct., anno dni. 1549 

A John Walooto, legio (P legatio), lawyer, an assistant or legal adviser to 

the Alderman (now Mayor) of the borough of Stamford, is first named as such 

at a Court of Qoarter Sessions die lune post festo, B.V.M., 16 Henry vn. (1601). 

155 1 Rowlande Durant, gent., and Dorothie Conyers weare married 
the second daie of September, anno dni. 155 1 
Rowland Durant, gent., and John Allen, mercer, elected by the Hall, 
representatives in parliament for the borough of Stamford, 15th March, Ist 
Mary. In the neighbouring church of Barrowden is Rowland's monument. 
He died 18th April, 1588. A John Dorant, surgeon, paid 4s., and admitted 
to freedom, 27th May, 8 Henry vni. ; and Nicholas Durant, mercer, was admitted 
to the freedom of the borough of Stamford, Sept., 17 Edward iv. 

1561 William Pepper and Joane Saunders, the xxx of Nov. 

In Book G (1524-7) of Northampton and Rutland Wills, at Northampton^ 
folio 183, is that of Richard Pepper, of this place. 

1569 Edward Gryffen, esquier, and Lucie Conyers, daughter to 
Richard Conyers, esquier, the xvj^ daie of Oct. anno dni. 1569. 
157 1 George May lies and Alice Luffe, xxiv Nov. 
1574 Edward Newman and Elizabeth Mason, ix Oct 



Wakerley Parish Registers. 209 

1579-80 Edward Wright and Elizabeth Cleton, v Feb. 

1599-1600 Cyscill Hall, the sonne of Arthur Hall, of Grantham, 
in the countye of Lincolne, esquier, and Elizabeth Gryflfyn, the 
daughter of Edward Gryffyn weare married the xxvijth of 
January, anno doi. 1599 (1600), by vertue of a license graunted 
from the reverend fifather in God, Richard Lo. fiisbopp of 
Peterborough. 

In the pedigred of the Hall family, of Grantham, given in BIotob' Hittory 
of Rutland^ p. 131, no mention is made of this Cecil Hall (a ward of the 
Treasurer, Sir William Cecil, first Baron Burghley). He had a son Qriffin 
bapt. at Grantham, 7 March, 1601-2. Cecil HaU appears to have married 
secondly, Alice, daughter of Richard Thorold, of Morton, >oo. Lincoln, esq. 
This lady*s will, dated 29 Nov., 1630, proved in London, 7 June, 1632, 
she designates herself as Alice Hall, of Boothly (Pagnell), co. Lincoln, 
widow, late wife of Cecil Hall, late of Colbie, co. Lincoln, esq., deceased. My 
body to be buried in the earth, where it was taken from, in some conveniexit 
place in the chancel of the parish church of Colebie, as near the body of my 
late deceased husband, Cecil Hall, as conveniently may be. She names t. a. a 
son, Cecil HaU, a minor. Cecil's ancestor, Thomas Hall, of Grantham, 
merchant of the staple of Calais, entertained— 8-10 July, 1003— the princess 
Margaret (on her way to Scotland), eldest daughter of Henry vn. The king 
brought her to Collyweston, Northamptonshire (where Margaret, Countess 
of Richmond, mother of the king resided), and there oonslgned her to the 
attendance of the Earl of Northumberland, who, with a noble train of lords 
and ladies brought her unto Scotland to her husband, James iv. (1488-1614), 
king of Scotland. They passed through Stamford on their way to Grantham, 
and at the latter place the princess stayed at the house of Mr. Hiall (Hall). 
Francis, who resided at Gretford, near Stamford, eldest son of Thomas HaU, 
was ** ComptroUer of the King Majesties town and marches of Calice," and 
John, second son of the ** ComptroUer," was Captain of BoUeyn (Boulogne). 

i6oo Henry Thome, clarke, and Sara Bamewell, the daughter of 
John Bamewell, of Tixover, weare marryed the vij'h daie of 
Aug., anno dni. i6oo, by vertue of a license graunted from the 
Right Rev. fFather in God, John, by divine ffutherance Arch- 
bishopp of Canterburie, primat, &c. 

i6oo Fraunceis Bamewell and Margaret Cowper weare married the 
xiiij of Aug., i6oo, by vertue, &c. 

1604 Richard Page and Mary Ashley were married by vertue of a 
license graunted from the Right Reverend flFather in God, 
Thomas Lo Bishopp of Peterborough the xxix daie of Aprill, 
anno dni. 1604. Regni dni nri Jacobi tertio. 

1606 Richard Ashley and Bridgett Jordan, 22 Aug. 

1609 Thomas Birde, of Branston in the parish of Burton uppon 
Trent in the county of Stafforde, yeoman, and Elizabeth Hat- 
feild of this pari^, spinst' weare married the xv** daie of 
November. 



2IO Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1610 Thomas Styles, of Stamford in the parish of St. Michael, 
and Katheren Charity, of this parish, spinst', 15 Nov. 

161 1 William England, of Stamforde in the parish of St. Michaell 
and Isabel Cottingham of this, 2a Apl. 

161 a William Dafferne, batchelor and Margarett Slator, spinster, 

both servaunth(s) to the worshipfull Mr. Walter Kirkham, of 

ffioeshead house, 29 Oct. 
1613-4 Nicholas Marchall and Alice Shereman, both of this parish, 

23 Jan. 
1623 Henry Mailes and Elizabeth Barnewell . . . Dec. 
1628 William Williamson and Mary Depup, 24 Nov. 
1629-30 Willm. Winfrye of high Beeby in Leicestershire, and 

Elizabeth Depup, 18 Mch. 
1630 William Carleton of Fr<»mpton in the county of Lincoln, and 

Elizabeth Barker, daughter in lawe vnto Thomas Stoyle, of 

Wakerley in the county of Northampton, clerke, 19 Sept. 
1638 Fras. Barker and Mary Hunt, by lie, Apl. 19. 
1646 Thos. Organer and Ester Stoyte, May 26 
1650 Leoard Thorogood, of Nassington, and Elizabeth Cay worth, 

Oct. 28. 
1671 Henry Noel, esq., son of the Lord Viscount Camden, and 

Elijah., the daughter of Sir Willm. Wale, 14 May. 

Burials. 

1 54 1 Anthony Bryton, clarke, 24 Aug. 

1542 Thos. Walcott, son of Fras., 7 Dec. Ant. Walcott, 15 July, 

1543 Jeyes Connyers, the daughter of Fras. Connyers, esq., 20 May ; 
Reighnold Connyers, esq., 12 Feb., 1559-605 M' Fras. 
Connyers, i May, 15625 M' Humfrey Connyers, 10 July, 1562 j 
M' Fras. Connyers, J', 11 Sept. 15725 Mary Connyers, 29 Apl-, 

1545 Thomas Digby, the son of Symon Digby, gent., 10 Dec. 

1546 Willm. Conway, parson of Wakerley, 14 Apl. 
Fres. by Fras. Conyers, esq., 23 May, 1628. 

1602-3. Willm. Fullshurst, Bachelor of Arts, of Maudlen Coll., 

Oxford, the son of Edw. Fullshurst, clerke, 14 Jan. 
1609 The Lady Elizab. St. John, wid., i Dec. 
1623-4 M' Edw. Fullhurst, parson of Wakerley, Feb 9. 
1633 Sir Richard Cecil, 4 Sept. 
'^34"5 ]o^n Stoyte, 9 Mch. 

1652 Tho. Stoyt, dark, parson of Wakerley, Nov. 3. 
Ixu. 7 July, 1624, on pies, of Sir Bd. Oeoil, Kt. 



" The Northampton Miscellany'' 2 1 1 

1657 Lady Lister, wid., late the wife of Sir Matthew Lister, Kt., 

28 Aug. 
1660 My Lord Cobbam, 20 May. 

He was John Brooke, eon and heir of Henry Brooke, youngest son of 
George, the sixth Baron Cobham. He was created Baron Gobham 3 Jan, 
1645-6, at Oxford, and married Lady Frances Lyster, daughter of Lady Lyster 
named above. 

1666 Mary Campion, gent[lewoman]., Mch. 30. 

i68j The Rev. D' Thos. Arthur, Rector of Wakerley, Apl. 13. 

Fuller says Robert Woodlark, D.D., third provost of King's (College, 
Cambridge, for 27 years (res. 1479) Chancellor of the University 1459 and 62, 
founder of St. Catherine Hall in 1 459, was bom here. His arms were : party 
pei: bend dauncette az. and gu. in chief a fi. de lis. in base a lion pass. or. 

514. — "The Northampton Miscellany" (124). — In the 
previous article doubt was expressed whether the entire issue extended 
beyond four monthly numbers. In the library of the Rev. B. H. 
Blacker, editor of Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, is a matchless 
copy, in the calf binding of the period, containing numbers 1-6, 
from ]an. 31, 1720-1, to June 30, 1721. This copy has been kindly 
lent to us. The June number of the Miscellany was last advertised 
in the Northampton Mercury of August 21, 1721. Under the 
advertisement in the previous week (August 14) appears the follow- 
ing : — '* Note, There is in the Press a Second Edition of this Month's 
Miscellany (it having met with an unexpected Run) which will be 
publish'd next Week.'* 

Vol. L May 31. 1721. Containing in particular, 
I. The Fortunate Husbandman, or the Happiness of a Country Life. In 
three Parts. Wherein is shewn, First, His youthful Recreations, his 
Prudence in the Choice of, and his Happiness in a Wife. Secondly, 
The Felicity of his middle Age, and his rural Employments. Thirdly, 
The Happiness of his old Age, together with the Honour and 
Antiquity of Husbandry. The whole illustrated with the Passages of 
Virgil in Latin, from whence this Poem was chiefly taken, and the 
English Translation thereof, by the immortal Dryden. To this is 
prefix'd by way of Preface, an Epistle to Sir Mar-Trade Moneylove, 
clearly demonstrating, that a plain, honest, vertuous Husbandman in 
the Country, is far more happy than a rich, wicked, designing, and 
destmctive London Stock-jobber. 
II. The Art of Husbandry, Or, the diiferent kinds of Tillage proper to 
different Soils, the Employments peculiar to each Season, the Changes 
of Weather, with the Signs in Heaven and Earth that forebode them ; 
likewise a Catalogue of the Husbandman's Tools. A Discourse of 
planting ; the different Methods of raising Trees ; their Variety, Rules 
for the Management of each in particular; the Soils in which the 
several Plants thrive best, and Directions for diflcovering the Katox* 



212 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

of every Soil. Bolea for the Breeding and Management of HoTiies» 
Oxen, Sheep, &o. as alflo the Diseases inoident to Cattel. A Discouroe 
of Bees ; the Station most proper for them, when they begin to gather 
Honey, how to call them home when they swarm, their prudent and 
politick Administration, the several Diseases that often rage in their 
Hives, with the proper Symptoms and Remedies of each Disease : 
Collected from the Gteorgicks of Virgil, and translated into Engliah 
Verse, by the same excellent Hand. 

III. Answers to the last KoDth*s Enigma's, &o. 

rV. New one's propos'd. 

V. Political Journal for the Month of. May, wherein are several material 
Intelligences, too long to be specify'd here. 

Vol.1. June 30. 1721. Containing in particular, 
I. The Continuation and Conclusion of that incomparable Poem, the Art 
of Husbandry, begun in our last ; wherein is contained, Rules for the 
Breeding and Management of Horses, Oxen, Sheep, &o. as also the 
Diseases incident to Cattel. A Discourse of Bees ; the Station most 
proper for them, when they beg^ to gather Honey, how to call them 
home when they swarm, their prudent and politic Administration, the 
several Diseases that often rage in their Hives, with the proper 
Symptoms and Remedies of each Disease. 

II. The Case of the Borrowers of the S. S. Company. 

m. The Case of Sir Theodore Janssen, one of the late Sonth Se» 
Directors. 

rV. The Case of Sir John Lambert, another of the said Directors. 
V. Answers to the last Month's Enigma's &o. 

VI. New ones propos'd. 
VII. Political Journal for the Month of June, containing the Heads of the 
treasonable Letter inserted in Mist's Journal of the 27th of May last : 
For which he is now under the Censure of both Houses of Parliament, 
and is to receive his Trial next Term : The Report of the Committee 
against Libels ; Proceedings in relation to the London Journal ; 
Debates about the Allowances to be given to the Directors out of 
their Estates ; and several other material Intelligenoea, too long to be 
specify'd here. 

SIS, — Castor Local ANTiauixiBS. — There is a road running 
backway from Ailsworth to Helpstone — passing the house of Mr. W. 
Briggs on the left, and that of Mr. W. Carter on the right — called 
Chapel lane. It may be interesting to some to know that this name 
is not without its meaning, as up to the year 1854 there was a 
building in Mr. Carter's yard, at the left, of ecclesiastical appearance, 
used as a granary, etc., which was evidently a chapel of ease, as it 
had two square-headed windows, one on the north and one on the 
south side, filled in with early English tracery similar to those at 
Northborough castle. It was demolished at the above date and the 



Shakespearian MSS. at Abtngton Abbey. 213 

materials used id the erection of agricultural buildings. A label 
knee of one window was preserved, and may be seen at Mr. J. 
Hales*, Castor. This property was then and is now belonging to 
the Fitzwilliams. There are two pieces of land in Castor called the 
'*Tarrelsj" and as we have two manors in this parish named 
"Belsize," and " Bottelars,*' and '^Thorold/* it is probable that 
" Tarrels " may be a corruption of the latter, and this chapel might 
have belonged to it. 

Castor. J. Hales. 

516. — Shakespearian Manuscripts at Abington Abbey ; 
Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps' Theory and Mr. Prichard*s Refu- 
tations. — The " Looker-on," in the Northampton Mercury for 
January 12, 1889, wrote as follows on the theory of the late Mr. 
Halliwell-Piiillipps as to the possibility of Shakespeare's manuscripts 
being secreted at Abington Abbey : — 

Mr. James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, the most eminent 
authority on Shakespeariana of our time, whose death was announced 
a few days ago, was a friend of the late G. J. de Wilde, for many 
years the brilliant editor of the Northampton Mercury, In the earlier 
part of his life his name was simply Halliwell, and his first works 
were published under that name; but in 1872, under a direction in 
the will of the grandfather of his first wife (Sir Thos. Phillipps), he 
assumed, by royal licence, the name of Halliwell-Phillipps. When he 
was preparing his great and important work. Illustrations of the Life 
of IVilliam S/iakespeare, Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps directed his attention 
to Abington Abbey, Northampton, where formerly resided Elizabeth, 
the daughter of Susannah, the favourite daughter of the world'is 
greatest dramatist. Susannah Shakespeare's daughter married Sir 
John Bernard, the owner of Abington. Her mother and father 
were William Shakespeare's executors, and at their death the 
property bequeathed to them by the "Bard of Avon" went to lady 
Bernard. Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps thought it extremely probable that 
many of the manuscripts of the peerless poet were stowed away 
somewhere in the abbe3^ 

Mr. de Wilde, in the paper on Abington, in his Rambles Round 
About, says: — "Mr. Halliwell entertains an opinion that behind the 
wainscoting of this room [namely, the elaborately and beautifully 
carved and panelled apartment in the southwest of the old mansion] 
may be found a solution of the question — What became of 
Shakespeare's correspondence ? Among the curiosities of literature 
there is nothing perhaps more curious than the total disappearance of 
every scrap of Shakespeare's writing, his autographs excepted, 

28 



214 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

attached to legal documents, and the one in his copy of Florio*s 
Montaigne.^* All the papers of Shakespeare must have fallen into 
the hands of Mrs. Hall, continues Mr. de Wilde, and at her death 
they went to lady Bernard. What did she do with them ? " Mr. 
Halliwell thinks it not improbable that she deposited them somewhere 
behind this antique wainscoting, and that they may be there still. 
The question arises — What was her motive for such a concealment ? 
Was she a person of eccentric habits? Had she tastes not in 
common with her husband ? She was a woman of education, to 
judge from her bold masculine autograph. Sir John had lived through 
the times of the Commonwealth. Had he adopted the prejudice of 
that day against the drama? Did his lady put her grandfather's 
paper's out of the sight of good Mr. Howes, the rector, who was 'a 
moderate Presbyterian * and dedicated some sermons to his ' ever 
honoured patron ? ' Are there behind that panelling other Hamlets, 
other Merry Wives of Windsor, letters from Ben Jonson, from 
my fellows John Hemynge, Richard Burbage, and Henry Cuudell ? " 

The death of Mr. Phillipps naturally turns one's attention once 
again to this tantalising topic of wonderment. The wainscoting, 
I believe, has never been disturbed since Mr. Phillipps formed his 
ingenious hypothesis. Who knows what priceless treasures may be 
concealed behind that black oak panelling ? The work of the genius 
whose lustre has illuminated the cultured world for two centuries 
may be moulding there, thick with the dust of many decades. A 
discovery of a valuable nature may be hoped for some day, and then 
the controversy as to whether Bacon or Shakespeare wrote the plays 
will be for ever at an end. 

In the Northampton Mercury for Jan. 26, the following letter 
appears from Mr. Prichard : — 

"Sir, — The 'Looker-on' in your paper of Saturday, the 12th, 
in his interesting remarks upon the late Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps and 
Abington Abbey, brings to my mind what took place in reference to 
his opinion that ' much of Shakespeare's manuscript and papers may be 
hidden behind the fine old Jacobean oak panelling of what we here call 
the " oak-room.*' ' His views upon the matter were very strong, and led 
him in the first instance to write to the late lord Overstone for his 
permission to take down the panelling and make a search for the 
supposed hidden treasure, when his lordship said ' the house was in the 
occupation of Dr. Prichard,' my late brother ; * and although, under 
such circumstances, he could not give the permission asked for, he 
had no doubt, from all he knew of Dr. Prichard, that he would do 
all he could to aid him in the wished-for search.' Mr. Halliwell- 



Shakespearian MSS. at Ahington Abbey. 215 

Phillipps accordingly wrote to my brother, who replied that so soon as 
the room could be vacated by the gentlemen who occupied it as a 
sitting-room, going away upon excursions to the seaside and elsewhere, 
he should be very pleased at Mr. Phillipps making the search. Some 
little delay then occurred on his part, then my brother became very 
unwell, and his health so broken that for some two years before his 
death he felt quite unequal to going into the matter. His death 
then took place, and one thing and another led to further delay, and 
finally ended in nothing being done. I had heard of Mr. Phillipps' 
theory some little time before 3 and having some ideas of my own, 
differing from his, and which I think conclusive as to there being no 
papers of Shakespeare's hidden behind the panelling of the 'oak-room,* 
or elsewhere in the house, would have mentioned them when his 
scheme was first mooted, but I was absent from England, being, in 
fact, in Northern Bulgaria. It undoubtedly is a great mystery what 
can have become of that enormous amount of manuscript, rough and 
fair copy, produced in composing the memorable plays, sonnets, 
versification of all kinds, and — though there was no penny post in 
those calm, quiet days — a considerable amount of correspondence. 
I, however, as before mentioned, do not think the mystery can be 
cleared up by what Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps proposes doing, nor that 
other * Hamlets,* other ' Merry Wives of Windsor,' * Letters from 
Ben Jonson, nor from Hemynge, Burbage, and Cundell,* will be 
found either, and for the following reasons: — 'Tis true Shakespeare's 
grandchild, Elizabeth, came to Abington upon her marriage 
with Sir John Bernard, and, doubtless, brought with her from 
New-place, Stratford-on-Avon, many plays and writings of her grand- 
father's, left to her upon the death of her mother, Susannah, Mrs. 
Hall : — lived, — though no record exists at Abington of either death 
or burial (somewhat strange^ as Sir John was buried there and record 
kept of the fact) — died, and in all probability was buried there. 
Whether Lady Bernard survived Sir John does not appear, but in the 
year 1669 — rather more than three years before his death — and on 
the 4th December, Sir John sold the Manor, advowson, &c., of 
Abington, to ' Wm. Thursby, of the Middle Temple, London, Esq.,' 
who, it would seem, upon coming into possession, at once pulled 
down the whole of the mansion of Sir John, probably re-building it 
upon a larger scale, possibly retaining some features of the old 
house in the planning, such as the central hall, building it in the 
debased mongrel Gothic of that date, and finishing his work about 
1678, as shown until very recently by the initials and date upon the 
water-tower in the park 5 that, in all prubability, being the last of his 

a8« 



2i6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

work. Thus it will be seen that as all the fabric of Sir John 
Bernard's mansion was destroyed, any papers or other documents 
that might have been hidden away in its walls would have gone too, 
whether to destruction or not who can tell ? And as further proof of 
the impossibility of anything Shakespearean being hidden behind the 
oak panelling — though the panelling itself was doubtless taken from 
some portion of the old mansion — the whole of the south and east 
fa9ades of the mansion built by William Thursby were for some 
reason pulled down (in fact, the only portion of his work now 
standing is the large hall, the west or garden wing of the house, the 
water-tower in the park, and possibly the wall forming the north side 
of the 'oak-room') and rebuilt some 65 years later, by another 
member of the family, in the Italian style as now seen. Conse- 
quently as the whole of the walling of the * oak-roora ' was, in this 
alteration, again destroyed — with the exception of the north 
side of the room — and the old oak panelling fitted and 
fixed to the new walls as they now stand not earlier than 1743-5, it 
is impossible for any papers or manuscripts of Shakespeare to have 
been hidden behind it by any of his people at the time they occupied 
the earlier house of Sir John Bernard. The wall above-mentioned as 
forming the north side of the ' oak-room,' and containing the large 
fireplace, is a very thick one — some 3 to 4 feet — running right 
through the house from east to west, and forming the south wall of 
the large hall, may possibly be a remnant of Sir John's mediaeval 
mansion — though I hardly think it can be, but must probablj 
William Thursby 's work — and has thickness enough to contain secret 
recesses in it for hiding 5 but then, as I said before, his work would 
not by any probability contain any of the supposed hidden documents 
and manuscripts of Shakespeare ; or if the wall was a portion of Sir 
John Beraard*s house anything that might havie been hidden in it 
would have come to light upon William Thursby 's work being taken in 
hand. Thinking these particulars might be of interest to you, sir, as 
well as to some of your readers also interested in anything concerning 
the great ' Bard of Avon,* I have ventured upon posting them to you, 
and beg to remain, yours very sincerely, 

"Abington Abbey. " Henry S. Prichard." 

517^ — Need-Fires. — Kelly's Curiosities of Indo-European 
Tradition and Folk-lore ( Chapman and Hall, 1863 ) contains a 
quotation from Grimm's Deutsche MythoLogie on the subject of 
need-fires during epidemics among cattle, showing the custoai to 
subsist in Northamptonshire during the present century. A fire was 
seen in a field with a crowd round it, and on enquiry it appeared that 



MedicBval Church Notes. 217 

a calf was being killed to stop the murrain. The people did not like 
to talk of the afiair, but it was learned that when there was a disease 
among the cows, or the calves were born sickly, one was sacrificed 
— killed and burned — for good luck. Have any of your readers heard 
of this as a local occurrence ? S. fi. 

518. — Mediaeval Church Notes. — In a booklet called 
A LAst of Parish Churches retaining special Mediaval Features, 
compiled by Henry Littlehales, recently published, the following 
churches in this county are mentioned as possessing these features:— 

Brington. — Occupant's badge on end of pew. 

Cogenhoe. — Stoup in pillar. 

Faxton. — Chrism bracket to font. 

Stanford. — Glass. 

Lowick. — Glass. 

Rush ton. — Tomb of a prior. 

Oundle. — Tower windows. 

Crick. — Heraldic tracery. 

Sudborough. — Brass of a priest in an alb, with stole, c. 1430. 

Northampton. — Round church. 

Pitsford. — Font, with traces possibly of a book rest. 

Rushden. — Straining arch of great beauty j " Bocher" arch. 

Finedon. — Straining arch of great beauty. 

Chipping Warden. — Stone lectern. 

Grendon. — Norman piers of bulk. 

Caston. — Church key. 

Earls Barton. — Locker for processional cross ; Norman sedilia. 

Tansor. — Floor is not level, but rises from the west. 

Brixworth. — This church may have been a Roman basilica. 

Stone reliquary, fourteenth century. 
Rothwell. — Crypt, with bones ; Quadruple sedilia. 
Yarwell. — Bench table. 
Ufford. — Bench table. 
Maxey. — Rood loft 3 Piscina. 
Elton. — On a jamb in the porch is a cross, the presence of 

which is, I believe, yet unexplained. 

A similar list is given for each county in England, and perhaps 
the book may be useful. It is, however, difficult to know on what 
principle the compiler has proceeded. Why should the "piers of 
bulk " at Grendon be mentioned, and the far more massive piers at 
Peterborough omitted ? Why should the '' church key '* at Castor be 
mentioned^ and the fine Norman tower omitted ? Why should the 



2i8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

" font " at Pitsford be mentioned, and the Norman doorway and early 
tympanum omitted ? Why should the " locker " at Earl's Barton be 
mentioned, and the Anglo-Saxon tower omitted ? And lastly, why 
are such churches as St. Peter's, Northampton ; Warmiogton j 
Barnack ^ Fotheringbay ; Oundle, and many other churches entirely 
ignored ? The list, however, seems fairly correct as far as it goes j 
the only errors in this county being the spelling of Castor as Castoo, 
and the insertion of Elton which is really in Huntingdonshire. 

C. A. M. 

519.— The Miller Family. — I desire information as to who 
was the father, and the family name of the mother, of the Re^. 
Edward Miller, who was curate, in April, 1768, of All Saints*, 
Northampton, and was presented to the living of that church by the 
members of the corporation in March, 17941 and continued vicar 
until October, 21, 1804, when he died, aged 84. Also the Christian 
and surnames of the father and mother of Mrs. Ann Miller (relict of 
the above Rev. Edward Miller), who died 28 September, 1808, aged 
84. And the names of any of the children or grandchildren — who 
may be living now — of their son, Edward Miller who was living on 
the 18 January, 1816, and then about 70 years of age; and when 
and where he died. The inscription copied many years since from 
the gravestone of the Rev. Edward Miller, which was near the gate 
as you enter the churchyard of All Saints' on the west, was : — 

Revd 

Edward Miller 

Obiit 21 Oot 1804 

EtatisSi 

Mrs. Ann Miller 

Relict of the 

above 

Obiit 28 Sep 1808 

EtatiB84 

20 Rye Hill Park, Peckham Rye, H. Miller. 

XiOndoD, S.E. 

520. — Dr. Doddridge's Epitaph. — In the old vestry of 
Doddridge Chapel, Northampton, is a pen and ink sketch of the 
monument erected to Dr. Doddridge at Lisbon. It consists of two 
monolithic blocks of stone, cubical in form, the upper one 
somewhat less than the lower, and divided from it by a simple O.6. 
moulding. The inscription is upon the upper block, and appears to 
be upon a sunk panel, while round the outsides and top of the panel 
runs a wreath of laurels. The whole is surmounted by a classic vase 
with a wreath of laurels round it. There appears to be also the very 



Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties, 219 

small original upright stone at the back of the monument, cut out 
on its edges, with simply his name, age, and date of death upon it. 
The following particulars are given with the sketch : — 

Monument erected over the Grave of Doddridge in the English 
Borying-ground at Lisbon. 

Philip Doddridge, DD. 
Died 26th Oct 1751 Aged 50 

with high respect for his 

character and writings, this 

monument was erected in Jane 1828 

At the ezpence of Thomas 

Tayler, of all his numeroas 

Pupils the only one then liying. 

This drawing was made (from A sketch taken on the spot), & presented to the 
Castle Hill Congregation, by D. Edwards, Esq' B.N. 

Philip Doddridge, DD. 

Died Oct 26th 1751 

Aged 50 

Original stone close to the back of the Monument. 

The inscription, which is badly arranged, ib, however, a correct copy of the 
original. 

The English Buryinpr Ground at Lisbon contains several acres of ground, 
laid out as a garden, and tastefully adorned with funeral trees, with shrubs, 
and many beautiful flowr's. 

The remains of Fielding' [the novelist] and of many distinguished Officers 
who fell in the Peninsular War repose there. 

31«t Deer, 1836. D. E. 

Captain Edwards, who presented the drawing, was the nephew of 
the Rev. B. L. Edwards, minister of King Street Chapel, North- 
ampton, 1786-1831. 

Northampton. J. T. 

521. — Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 
(27, 126, 181, 354, 453, 463, 500). 

Ringwood, Hampshire. 

'* Ricardus Compton Dni Henrici Equitis de Balneo ex Uxore 
Coeciliae Sackvile Filius natu maxim us Hinc praenobili Dorcestriae 
Illinc Northamptoniae Comitum Illustri Familia Oriundus; Vir 
moribus suavissimis lusti hones tiqi^e semper tenax Fidei erga . . o 
Carolum . . . roque . . . uss . . . C — a ma . .us 
Famae O • . . um . . Bonis omnibus longum desiderandus 
Mortalitatis Exu . . . deposuit Julij 29 Anno Dni i6[8]4 
-^tatis suae [8]o." 

Flat stone, worn, part very indistinct, with arms ; chancel. 



220 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Yardley, Worcestershire. 

" Here lieth Izabell Whaler late of Yardley, widdowe Deceased 
the Daughter of Simon Norwyche of Brampton in the covntie of 
Nortbampto Esqvyer, who first was maried to William Astell and 
secondly to Simon Wheler Esquier who are bothe Interred here by 
her^ which Izabell hathe by her last will geven yerelye anvityes to 
the Som of three pounde to be payde yerelye to the poore [nhabytantes 
of the said Parrishe of Yardley aforesayd, Obijt la* die Martij Anno 
Domini iJpS." 

Arms : (above) Party per pale, a lion (?) rampant, counterchanged. 
Brass, in capitals, with figures kneeling of lady between a civilian (on 
her right), and a man in arm. (on her left), quadrangular plate. 
Mural, chancel. 

" Hie jacet Henricvs Greswold s.t.p. Rector de Solihull in com**: 
Warwicae: Praebendarius Rhigodunensis. & munificentissimus Ludi 
literarij ibidem Institutor Ecclesiae demum Cathedralis Licbfeldensts 
Praecentor. Decus & Tutamen. Vir omni doctrinae genere eximius, 
vigilia & labore indefessus. Pietatisque & Temperantiae insigni 
ssimum Exemplar. Praesens Inopum Tutela, fautorq//e dum vixit 
perliberalis : Queis etiam moriens annuos quinq minarum reditas 
Testamento, legavit Ex Anna pientissima : Conjuge hue etinm mortis 
certa manu Praemissa (Rev**': Sam***: Marshall de Weedon beck in 
Coin'" Northant": filia, Stirpisquesuae non obscurae ultima) Tredecim 
susccpit Liberos, E Quibus quatuor praematura morte abrepti, hie 
sepulti jacent. Filios sup^rstites reliquit Humfredvm, Henricvra, 
Marshalem, & Jobannem, ffilias Elizabeth : Annam, Mariam, Mar- 
tham & Dorotheam Obijt pridie nonarum oct'": Ano D"*: 1700. Pietatis 
ergo Humfredvs & Henricvs filli maestissimi H. M. P. Semoti 
acuris & tempestatibus orbis. Hie pia Greswoldi mollitur ossa 
cubant. Quin absint lactrymae defuncto praemia vivus Jam bene 
quae meruit mors dare sola potest. Sydera sub pedibus videt & super 
arduo coeli Vectus, divinos assidet inter Avos. O fortunatos nimium 
queis contigit esse Et vita similes & moriendo pares. Qui legis haec 
hospes moriturus, tuquoque disce Hujus ab exemplo vivere, disce 
mori." 

Large monument on south side of chancel, with kneeling effigies, 
on a tomb, of clergyman^ in bands, &c., and wife, under an arch 
with busts, &c. The inscription on the side of the tomb. Arms : 
(i.) Barry of eight, a canton ermine; (ii.) A fess^ io chief two 
greyhounds courant. 




SADDLE 
ustD &Y PRINCt BUPtRT 



bbjil. 







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ri'. h trc jt 

'I !-c CLii.aloi;!^:-, 

•2-iJ and (mI(1 ;.v. . - 

t VL-ry liriiarv 
cxir.icU'cl vu» ': 

kindly l-m to : 

: •:• t'liily :\.l.' 

V^ !S I 




.1 u... 



•1 A vjt t II ! il 




SADDLE 
ubEO BY pRiNCt RUPtRT 



AT THE BAXTUE, 



^uk'b^BY 




The Stuart Exhibition. 



321 



Greswold was sometime fellow of Trinity college^ Cambridge, a 
benefactor to the college library, and to the parish of Gainford, co. 
Durham, of which he was vicar. R. H. E. 

522.—THE Stuart Exhibition (381).— The history of the 
county of Northampton is so inseparably linked with the tragic fate of 
those two hapless Stuarts, Mary Queen of Scots and Charles the First 
of England, that no apology 
whatever can be needed for 
taking up some of the pages of 
" N. N. & Q.'* with a note on 
the Stuart Exhibition lately 
on view in London. Those 
who were fortunate enough to 
inspect this unique collection 
of Stuart pictures, relics, &c., 
gathered together with so 
much care and trouble within 
the walls of the New Gallery, 
Regent street, during the 
early months of the present 
year, will not readily forget the 
rich treat then experienced. 
The catalogue, too, with its 
240 and odd pages, is a prize 
to all students of history, and 
will perforce find a place in 
every library of importance. From this catalogue have been 
extracted such references as appeared to claim a place in our 
"quarterly" on account of local interest, and these will be found 
tabulated below. Some of the choicest pictures on view were 
kindly lent to the committee by the earl Spencer, and others of 
our county gentry — his grace the duke of Grafton, the earl of 
Wincbilsea, and lord Braye — sent invaluable specimens from their 
collections. Many a celebrated picture of Mary Queen of Scots, 
which recently adorned the walls of the tercentenary exhibition at 
Peterborough, was also to be seen here— notably those lent by her 
majesty the Queen and the trustees of Blairs college. 

Amongst the relics, several which played a part in the last hours 
of the ill-fated Queen of Scots at Foiheringhay proved sources of 
equal attraction with the same dumb witnesses of the execution of 
Charles at Whitehall. But the chief point of interest in the whole 
exhibition to a Northamptonshire man centred round two embroidered 

29 




222 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

velvet saddles, lent by sir Henry Halford, bart., c.b., and numbered 
798 and 8oj respectively. The former belonged to prince Rupert, 
and the latter to king Charles the First. This is all the information the 
catalogue gives, but placed on the articles themselves were slips of 
paper containing words stating them to be the very saddles used by 
these important personages at the battle of Naseby. This makes all 
the difference. What visions occupy our minds as we stand before 
them ! " Visitors are requested not to touch 3 " but it is bard to 
refrain from placing our hand once on the rusty and worn stirrup of 
prince Rupert, while we think of his dashing charge across the plain 
and up the slope as far as Naseby village ; or to lay our fingers for a 
moment on the still bright, bronze stirrups of king Charles, while in 
our mind's eye we see him turn and fly from the spot where the 
fight is thickest, on towards distant Harborough. 

Engravings of these saddles and stirrups, copied from drawings 
taken at the exhibition by Mr. Joseph W. Spurgeon, will be found at 
the commencement of this article. The engraving on p. 221 is taken 
from the portrait no. 39, described on p. 223. 

Catalogue References. 

38. Mary, Queen of Scots. Known as the " Memorial Type." 
In the background is a representation of the Ezeontiou of the Qaeen. (See 

No. 89.) 84 X 49 in. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, from Windsor. 

39. Mary, Queen of Scots. Same as the preceding. 

A whole-length, life-size, standinK figure, turned slightly to left, holding: a 
crucifix in the right hand, and in the left hand a book bound in w^hite, with 
one finger between its leaves ; the ribbons intended to fasten the book are blue. 
Black dress, trimmed with dark brown fur ; a large ruif is about the neck, a 
white cap covers the brown hair, and a long white veil hangs from the shoulder 
to the ground behind the figure. Above, on our left, is the royal Soottisb 
escutcheon fully emblazoned ; on our right is written in gold : 

''ICaBZA SoOTUB BeGINI. GaLLXJB DOTASZl. BSaKOSUX 
AnOLLB, BT HtBBBKUI VXBB PbINOBPB ET HsBES LBOIXDCl. 

Jaoobx Magna BuTAirNUi Regis Mates. A svis 
oppBEsai. Airo. Dm. 1568, auzzzji bpb bt opinionb a 

OOGVATA ElIZABETHA ZV AkGLIA BEGSrAJITB FXZflSI 
"Bb BXSOBKDITy ZBIQT7B OOETBA JXJ8 GEHTIUX BT 
PBOiaSBI nOBK OAPTIVA BBTENTA, POST OAPTI- 

VITATIB AKB. 19, BBXJGI0NZ8 BSGO, BJUBDEIC ElU 

PBBVZDIA XT SeNATUS AnGLXOZ OBUDBLITATB, 

B0BBJEin>A OAPinS LATA BEX9TENTIA EEOZ 

TSADiTUB, AO 12 Gal. Mabth 1587, XV. 

AUSITO BZBKPLO A 8EBVIU ET ABJBO- 
ZO GABNIFXOB TETBTTH fticj KOBBX CA- 
PITA TBTTVOATA EST. AinrO AEAZZ8 

BSGHzaua 45." 



The Stuart Exhibition. 223 

On the right of the fig^are is a representation in small figures of '^Atla 
FoDBiNOHAxn/' showing the qneen blinded with a white handkerchief and 
kneeling with her head on the block ; her shoulders are bare ; she wears a red 
boddice and a black skirt ; her neck is bleeding from a blow of the aze, with 
which the executioner standing at her side is about to strike again ; he wears 
a short white apron. These persons are on the scaffold, which is draped with 
black ; two guards with halberds stand behind the scaffold ; two gentlemen, 
the Earls of Kent and Shrewsbury, with white rods in their hands and a third 
are at this part of the scene. At the other end of the scaffold a gentleman is 
writing in a note-book; near him are four other gentlemen, two of whom 
appear in great distress. Below this design is written in gold, as before : 

"RaaxNAic BBBsinsa*'^ Bsotx filzuc 

TZOBBX, ST XATBBIC, ASTAMTU-VB 
OOMlQBfllJkIZS BT M'W ' T lt ff S R. 

FiLTaABTPraa GiXHznx bbovbi 

PXBOVnT ATQ VNO BT ALTBBO 
ZOrV TBTGYXSRTBB B4Y0ZASA 
TBBXIO K OAFVT ABSQIIIDIT." 

Behind the large figure of the queen are two smaD figures of women dressed in 
black with white ruib, conversing and lamenting the fate of their mistress the 
queen. These figures represent " Joanna Kennethie " ( Kennedy ) and 
« Elizabeth Curie." This painting and Nos. 38 and 40 are called " memorial " 
pictures, and they belong to a class of portraits which seem to hare been 
designed to commemorate the death of the queen. 

• • • • 

In the two other versions (Nos. 38 and 40) of the subject which hang next 
to it, the figure of the queen differs in no important respect. The royal 
escutcheon occnm in the same place in each. In No. 38 the figure of St. 
Andrew appears in the badge of the Thistle hanging below the shield, his 
•altire cross only occurs in the example from Windsor. The inscription behind 
the head of Mary on the other yersions are (tie) varied. At the foot of the canvas 
iB written in gold letters : 

" Fboca. qyoas tzzit Col. Soot, pabxks xt wwvd" 
and as follows : — 

" SZO FYNBSTUIC ABOEXmiT TABVLATVK "RbQIXA. QVOBDAX 
GaLLLIBT BT SOOTLB FLOBBNTIS*'^ DmOTO BSD FZO 

Akixo TrsAKinnBic xxpbobbat bt vkbtidiax. 

FXDBIC CaTHOLICAIC FBOVZTBTYB^ BOICANJBQ EOOLBBIJI 

Sb BXKFBB FVIBBB XI X88B KLIAM PALAX FLAKBa TB8TAT7B." 

The same inscription, without the first line, ii on the Queen's picture. In 
all three works a small crucifix hangs on Mary's breast. See Mr. Soharf s essay 
on these pictures, printed in the proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, 
London, 1876. 90 x 66in. 

Lent by the Trustees of Blairs College, Aberdeen. 

40. Mary, Qaeen of Scots. Same as the preceding. 

The chief figure is the same as Nos. 38 and 39, from Windsor and Blairs 
College respectively. The queen's brown hair is darker in the example before 
ns, and her complexion is browner thaD in the others. In the execution-scene 



224 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the g^ardi are nine in number instead of two ; the inscriptions pertaining to 
this section are practically the same; the like may be said for the other 
inscriptions behind and below the chief fign^re. The names of the female 
attendants are omitted in this yeraion, of which the canvas has been enlai^«t 
at both sides. 86 x 66 in. 

Lent bj the Earl of Damlej. 

41. Mary, Queen of Scots, known as the '* Sheffield Type.*' 
Attributed to F. Zucchero. 

Same type as Ko. 876. 7 x 48 in. 

Lent by the Dnke of Grafton, K.O. 

96. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, Daughter of Charles z. B7 
P. Mignard. 

Life size, three-qnarters length figure, standing in three-quarters yiew ta 
left, face in the same direction, eyes to the front ; holding a coronet and an 
embroidered mantle (P) in her hands; hair in ringlets, open bust, ambor- 
ooloQxed dresB with jet and pearl ornaments, red scarf. 

Lent by the Dnke of Grafton, K.G. 

121. Marj of Modena, Queen of James 11. and rii. By Sir 
P. Lelj. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure seated in a landscape, looking to the 
front, and resting her right hand on a little spaniel crouching beside her. Her 
amber satin dress is open at the bust, and falling, shows the white chemise ; 
blue scarf. 

Lent by the Earl Spencer, K.G. 

131. Anne Hyde, Duchess of York. By Sir P. Lely. 
Life-size, three-quarters length figure, seated in three-quarters view to left* 

left hand on lap, right hand raised, bare-headed, hair in ringlets, amber satin 
dress and darker scarf of the same colour. In the oritrinal frame. 48 x 39 in. 

Lent by the £arl Spencer, K.G. 

132. Charles 11. By Sir P. Lely. 

Half-length, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to right, the eyes to the 
front ; wearing a large dark wig, white lace crarat, and royal robes, garter, 
oollar, and badge. 29 x 24 in. 

Lent by the Earl Spencer, K.G. 

163. Mary 11. as Queen (1662-1694). By Sir. G. Kneller. 
Three-quarters length seated figure nearly in full view, face in three- 
quarters view to right, eyes to the front, right elbow on a table ; dark brown 
hair in ringlets, open bust, amber-coloured satin dress, blue mantle. 49 x 40 in. 

Lent by the Earl Spencer, K.G. 

164. Mary 11. By W. Wissing. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure nearly in full view ; hands in front, 
left elbow on a table ; face in three-quarters Tiew to left ; bare-headed, open 
bust. Ked dress and blue mantle. 49 x 39 in. 

Lent by the Earl Spencer, K.G. 



The Stuart Exhibition. 225 

172. QueeD Anne (1665-17 14) and her son William, Duke of 
Gloucester (1689-1700). By Dahl. 

Three-quarters length, life-size seated figure, nearly in full view, faoe in 
three-quarters to left, bare-headed, wearing her own hair, without powder. 
With both hands she holds the young duke, a little boy, leaning at her left 
knee ; open bust, brown dress, white sleeyes, blue mantle lined with white. 
48 x 39 in. 

Lent by the Earl Spencer, K.G. 

214. Mary, Queen of Scots, full black dress ; formerly belonging 

to Mary de Medicis. 

Lent by Lord Braye.* 

307. A gold Rosary with Crucifix of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

This is the celebrated Rosary and Crucifix which Queen Mary preserred till 
nearly her last moments. It was bequeathed to the Countess of Arundel and 
descended to the Howards of Corbey, and was obtained from them by the 
Duke of Norfolk, in whose possession it now is. 

Lent by the Duke of Norfolk, E.M., E.G. 

316. Book of HourSf formerly belonging to Mary^ Queen of 
Scots. 

A Book of Hours, said to have belonged to Queen Mary, and to have been 
used on the scaffold in the great hall of Fotheringhay Castle, February 8, 
1687. If so, it may be that referred to in the account of the circumstance 
which was given to Cecil : " All the assembly, save the queen and hir 
servantes sayde the prayer after Mr. Deane [Dr. Fletcher, the Protestant 
Dean of Peterborough, who had been appointed to pray with Mary, and 
whom she and all her entourage rejected] as he spake it, during which prayer 
the Queen satt upon hir stoole, having hir Agnue Dei crucifixe, beades, iM^d an 
office in Lattyn. Thus furnished with superstitious trumpery, not regarding 
what Mr. Deane sayde, shee began yerie fastly with tears and a lowde voice to 
praye in Lattin, and in the midst of her prayers, with overmuch weeping and 
mourning, slipt of [off] hir stoole, and, kneeling presently sayde divers other 
Lattin prayers. Then she rose and kneeled downe agayne, praying in English, 
for Christe's afflicted church, an end of hir troubles, for hir sonne, and for the 
queen's majestye, to God for his forgiveness of the sinns of them in the 
islande : shee forgave hir ennemyes with all hir harte that had longe sought 
hir blond." 

Lent by C. Butler, Esq. 

323. Hand-bell of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

This handbell, of silver g^ilt, was one of the objects of personal use which, 
doubtless furnished Queen Mary*s chamber ; it is perhaps one of those articles 
she was permitted to retain at Fotheringhay, among which, according to an 
inventory of her goods, was a *' CloteMte,'* It is certain that, according to the 
fashion of her time, she was accustomed to keep a bell on her table with 
writing apparatus. The devices on the bell support the tradition which avers 
that it may have been used during her captivity. In a will, made during her 
illness at Sheffield in February 1677, she bequeathed to Claude Nan, her 
secretary, who wrote the document, *' A Nau, mon grtrnd dianumt, ma grande 

* Several other pictures and relios of the Stuarts were lent by Lord Braye. 



2 26 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

eseritoyre d* argent aux bordi dereu et la elotehhte de mesme" In the iiiTentorj of 
her goods, taken probably at Chartley in August, 1586, ie indaded, with other 
valuables, " Une cheheUe d* argent deeut la table de Sa Mt^'eetS,'* In another 
inventory made at Fotheringhay, February- 20, lo87i of jewels, etc., in tha 
custody of her servants after her death and in the hands of Elizabeth Curie, 
are mentioned a silver-gilt candlestick, " a little eilver bell" etc. Around its 
waist, externally, are engraved : 1. The royal arms of Scotland. 2. The 
Greek monogram of the name of Christ within a cirde which is inscribed, 
'*In hoe Vinee 86." 3. A vine, of which one half is leafless, a hand issuing* 
from clouds and holding a pmning-knife, cuts off the dead branches; 
around it are the words, " Vireeoit, vvlnere, virtvt" 

Lent by Lord Balfour, of Burleigh. 

330. Gold "Watcb^ given by Mary, Queen of Scots, to Massi, 
one of her attendants, the day before her death. 

Lent by James S. Fraser-Tytlar, Esq. 

365.** Crucifix used by Mary, Queen of Scots, on the Scaffold, 

and given by her to Sir John Tbirnmelby (See No. 39) ; and Miniature 

of Sir John Thimmelby. 

Lent by Lady Fetre. 

443. Autograph Letter of Charles i., with a lock of his hair and 

of that of Henrietta Maria attached. 

Lent by the Hon. Mrs. Eykyn. 

656. Prince James Francis Edward (James iix. and viii.). In 
silver case, in which it is stated that the miniature was given by 
Prince James to Lord Lovat. By R. Armand. 

Lent by the Earl of Winchilsea. 
798. Embroidered Velvet Saddle of Prince Rupert. 

Lent by Sir Henry Halford, Bart., C.B. 

805. Embroidered Velvet Saddle of Charles i. 

Lent by Shr Henry Halford, Bart., C.B. 

929. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to Henry iii. of France. 

This most interesting letter was written only six hours before her 

death. She says that having received notice of ber approaching 

execution only after dinner of the day she writes, she has not time to 

give him a full account of what has passed, but if he will listen to 

her doctor and other attendants he will hear the truth. She says she 

does not fear death, and protests that she is innocent of all crime. 

She commends her son to bis care in proportion as he deserves it, of 

which she knows nothing. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

The illustrated journals have produced engravings of many of the 

most notable exhibits, and amongst these may be insunced the 

following relating to Mary Queen of Scots, from tbe numbers given 

above : — The Blairs College picture, no. 39, was produced in extenso 

and with commendable accuracy in The Graphic of March 33, 1889, as 



Northamptonshire M.P*s. 227 

a full- page eograving*; and very good representations of the head and 
shoulders of Mary copied from it also appeared in The Scottish Art 
Review of September, 18885 and The Art Journal of January, iSSp.* 
On the ajrd Feb., 1889, '^^^ Graphic again came to the front with 
half a page of choice engravings copied from relios, &c., at the Stuart 
Exhibition. In this group were illustrations of the following: — 
no. 316, Book of Hours, lying open, and showing two of its 
splendidly illuminated pages 3 no. 307, gold rosary and crucifix, the 
latter of which is also engraved in The Scottish Art Review of 
September, 1888. 

John T. Paob. 

523. — Northamptonshire M.P.'s (402): Lane.— 
Ralph Lane, esq., M.P. for Higham Ferrers, ijjS, and for North- 
ampton town, 1563. 

Robert Lane, esq., M.P. for Northamptonshire in 1553 and 
157 If being styled knight in the latter parliament. He appears to 
have been knighted by Queen Mary in 1553* 

William Lane, esq., M.P. for Northampton town in IJ71, for 
Gatton, in Surrey, in 1593, and for Northamptonshire in 1601 (being 
then a knight). He was knighted in St. Patrick's Church, Dublin, 
by the lord deputy sir William Russell, on 27th March, i J97. 

Particulars as to these M.P.'s will oblige. 

Lei^h. Lancashire. W. D. PlNK. 

524. — Mantbll op Hetford (346, 478).— In the Heralds* 
Lincolnshire Visitation of 1592 (Harl. MS. 1 550) is the pedigree of 
Goche family. The parents of Barnaby Groche, of Alvingham in that 
county, were Robert Goche, of Chilwell, Notts, (eldest son of John 
Goche, of Newland, in the forest of Deane, Gloucestershire, and 
Jane his wife, daughter and heiress of James Bridges, of the forest 
of Deane), and his first wife Margaret, daughter of Sir Walter 
Man tell, of Heyford, co. Northampton. Robert married secondly 
Ellen, daughter of . . . Gadbery, of London, goldsmith. Their 
only child Robert espoused Judith, daughter of Henry Fisher, of 
Greens Norton, co. Northampton. Barnaby Goche married Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Darrell, of Scotney, co. Kent, and bad issue 
^\e sons and two daughters. Matthew, son and heir apparent, 
married Alice, daughter of Thomas Conny, of Bassingthorpe, co. 
Lincoln, esq., and temp, visit had a son Barnaby, but according 
to MS. additions four more sons and a daughter. The arms of 

* Nine portraits of Mary were given in this number to illnatrate an artiole 
entitled ** Was Mary Sfeoart Beantifal P " written by Bichaxd Davey. 



228 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Goche are quarterly of 6, i, az., 3 boars arg. armed or (Goche) a, an, 
a griffin segreaat sa. armed or. 3, ar., a lion statant or, ducallj 
crowned sa., a mullet for difF. 4, gu. 3 towers or, 5 ermine a cross 
quarter pierced ermines countercb., 6, or, on a cbevron betw. 3 
goats' heads erased gu. a quatrefoil of the field. Crest : a cubit 
arm erect rested per pale embattled or and ar. grasping in the hand 
proper a dragon*s head erased az. 

John Harrington, of Wicham, co. Lincoln, gent., by will dated 
19 Jan., 1598(9) and proved in London 6 May following, gave to 
his sisters, Brocke and Mantell (wife of Robert Mantell, bat of 
what place not named), each ;^200. 

Stamford. JuSTiN SiMPSOH. 

525. — Crick Family op Northamptonshire {336), — I am 
unable to help your correspondent as to the member of this familj 
mentioned by him, but the following particulars relatiug to a person 
bearing the same name may be interesting : — 

In a deed in my possession, dated 4th June, 1641, between Sir 
Capel Beddell, of Hammerton, Huntingdonshire, and 1 homas Flint, 
of Northampton, conveying a bouse and premises in the parish of 
All Hallows, Northampton, to the latter, the house is said to be 
" adjoyneinge to the bouse of John Crick, of Northtou, aforesayde 
Inkeeper." 

In the list of ''Northamptonshire and Rutland Wills now 
deposited at Northampton," forming vol. i. of the Index Library^ 
the following members of this family are mentioned : — 

Book D, 1527-32. Cricke, William, Northampton, i8r. 

Book I, 1545-1548. Creke, Thomas, Long Buckby, 80. 

Book K, 1549-57. Crycke, Symon, Kelmarsh, 97. 

Book P, 1560 to 1566. Creke, Thomas, Kelmarsh, 73. 

« »_ « ^^ X -^ S Cricke, William, Little Houghton, 14. 

Book S, 1567 to 1569. \ ^^.^^^^ ^^^^.^^^ Kelmarsh, 72. 

Book V, 1578 to 1589. i S:""^ T\°™\'' ^^T ^'"^"' *7^- 

» J/ ^ ^ I Creake, John, Sunwick, 113. 

Book EV, 1634 to 1636. Crick, George, WoUaston, 95. 

Second Series. 
1613. Crick, Robert, Kilsby, T. 109. 
1617. Creake, Thomas, Yardley Hastings, Q. 34. 
1641. Crick, William, Little Billing, D. 148. 
1634. Click, George, Wollaston, H. no. 
Northampton. WaltbR D. CriCK. 



Glimpses of Old Northampton, 



229 



526. — Glimpses of Old Northampton : Its Signs (491).-— 
Guy op Warwick. 

In the Roxburgh collection is a ballad headed: ^^ A pleasant 
Song of the Valiant Deeds of Chivalry, atchiev'd by that Noble 
Knight, Sir Guy of Warwick, who for the love of fair Phillis became 
a Hermit, and dyed in a Cave of a Craggy Rock, a mile distant from 
Warwick." It is supposed that he lived in Saxon times, was the 
son of Simon Baron of Wallingford, married Felicia (Phillis) the 
daughter and heiress of Roband, Earl of Warwick (who flourished 
in the reign of Edward the Elder) and so became Earl of Warwick. 




A chap-book before us, printed at the Looking Glass on London 
Bridge, dated 1759, is entitled: 

The Noble and Renowned History of Gay, Earl of Warwick : Containing 

a Full and Trae Account of his many Famous and Valiant Actionn ; . 

Remarkable and Brave Exploits; and Noble and Renownt^d Victories. 

Also his Courtship to Fair PboBiice, Earl Roband's Daughter and 

Heiress ; and the many Difficultied and Hazards he wenc through, to 

obtain her Love. 

The poem in praise of his history declares that 

" No Man could better Love, nor better Fight ; " 
while the author observes in his dedication that "had he not been 
One of the Chief Worthies of the Age he lived in, King Athelstan, 
in whose reign he flourished, would never have ventured the whole 
Realm of England upon his Combat with a Dane ; which he both un- 
dertook and performed, to the eternal Honour of the English Nation." 

30 



230 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

His most popular feat is the slaying of the Dun Cow on Dansmore 
Heathy which act of valour is commemorated ou manj signs. 
B7 gallant Gay of Warvriok alain 
Was Colbrand, that gigantic Dane ; 
Kor oonld this desp'rate champion dannt 
A Dnn Cow bigger than elephant : 
But he, to prove his courage sterling, 
His whyniard in her blood imbrued ; 
He cut from her enormous aide a sirloin, 
And in his porridge-pot her brisket stew'd : 
Then butoher'd a wild Boar and ate him barbica'd. 

Euddcrtford' » Wieeamical Chaplet. 

The locality of the inn which bore this sign in Northampton is 
rather doubtful. We learn its existence from a very rare specimen 
from the Dicey press, and we therefore place it as being probably 
upon the Market Hill. 

Several years since, at a sale at Brington, so famous in Washington 
biography^ in an antique carved box, in companionship with several 
at the present time out-of-fasbion books, was found a very curioos 
tune-book with the following title : 

A Choice Collection of Psalms and Hjrmns, with Timbrel's Anthems. The 
Psalms, Hymns, and Anthems, are printed with Lines rul'd for two 
and three Voices, but without Notes ; so that any Person may adapt 
what Tune they please to the Words. With the Gamut, or Scale of 
Husick, at the Beginning. Very proper for all Practitioners in that 
Heavenly Science. The Fourteenth Edition, corrected and enlarged. 
Price, neatly bound. One Shilling. 
NoBTHAMFTOH : Printed bj William Dicey; and lold at the Printing>Offloe in Bow Choroh- 
Yard, London. Oblong Quarto, 

In the advertisement "To all Lovers of Divine Musick," at the 
back of the title, the readers are advised *' For further Instructions *' 
to " see A Compendious Essay upon Vocal Musick, by Alexander 
Phillips; which maybe had of William Dicey, Printer, in North- 
ampton. Price (stitchM) Sixpence." 

It being presumed that Phillips' Essay was by a local author, 
reference was made to the British Museum Library, with the result 
that a copy of the " Essay ** was found bearing this title : — 

A Compendious Essay upon Vocal Musick. Wherein is clearly demon- 
strated, by Rules and Examples, whatever is necessary for the 
Attainment of the first Grounds and Principles of that most noble 
Science. To which is added, A Theoretical Scheme of the Semitones 
belonging to an Octave. As also an Explication of the several Keys 
in Musick. By Alexander Phillips. 

Printed for Alexander Phillipt, next the Gay of Wftrwiok ia Nortiiampton s snd Charles 
Corbett, at Addiaon'a Head without Temple-Bar. 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 231 

In the Introduction, writing of singing, Phillips says : — How 
Singing was banished out of our churches, I know not ; but that 
which has been called Singing, in some Places, was less harmonical 
than Reading. And what the Poet saith in the satyr against 
Hypocrates has been verified in some Churches, i.e.. 
Then out the People yawl in hundred Parts, 
Some roar, some whine, some oreak like Wheel of Oarts ; 
Snoh Notes the Gamut never yet did know. 
Nor num*rous Keys, the Harps 'oals on a Bow. 
Their Heights or Depths could never comprehend ; 
How below Double Are some descend : 
• 'Bove Ela squealing now ten Notes some fly, 
Streight then, as if they knew they were too high ; 
With headlong Haste down Stairs again they tumble. 
Discords and Concords, Oh, how thick they jumble I 
like untam'd Horses, tearing with their Throats 
One wretched Staye into an hundred Notes. 

The probable date of the book is 1730. The question has been 
raised as to whether the Diceys occupied the same offices as the 
Mercury office of the present day, and any reliable information on 
this point would be acceptable. 

In a romance, " The Loves of Hippolito and Dorinda," printed 
by Raikes and Dicey, the imprint reads •' Printed by R. Raikes and 
W. Dicey, over against All Saints Church, 1720. Our illustration is 
taken from a copy of the chap-book, The History of Guy Earl of 
Wdnuicky printed by the Diceys. 

Thb Talbot. 

We find from Tavern Anecdotes and Sayings (Charles Hindley), 

that the Talbot, an old, and now almost obsolete sort of dog, noted 

for its quick scent and eager pursuit of game, has often done duty on 

public-house signboards. On the Talbot at the foot of Birdlip Hill, 

Gloucestershire, they have on one side of the board : 

Before you do this hill go up. 

Stop and drink a cheerful cup. 

Whilst he who comes in an opposite direction perceives this half of 

the sign : 

You are down this hill, all dangers past, 
Stop and take a cheerful glass. 

From advertisements in old files of the Mercury the Talbot would 
seem to have been the sign of an inn both in the Market place and 
Sheep street. Was Sheep street considered a part of the Market 
place on account of the sheep market being held there until the 
cattle market was opened in 1873 ; or was the Talbot at the corner 
of the Market place extending to Sheep street ? 

30* 



a^2 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The house was kept id 1720 by Thomas Miller, and also in 1723, 
as the following advertisement shows : — 

Whereas a short thiok Fellow, aboat 24 or 25 Tears old, a round blaff Face, 
of a wan Complexion, short, thiok, brown Hair, pretends to be a Nottingham 
or DerbyHhire Man, ran away on Sunday Morning the Sth Instant from fain 
Master Thomas Miller, at the Talbot-Inn in Northampton, and oazried off 
some Money, and seyeral other Things of Value, has alsio inveigled and 
carried away with him John TiUey, a young Lad about 14 Years of Age, of a 
fresh Complexion, with lank light Hair, has on a Fair of speckled Yam 
Stockings, and a new Pair of Shoes ; has a Cut newly done, on the Fore- 
finger of his Right Hand : They took with them also a thick, short, mongrel, 
dark brown Dog, with a short Tail and Legs; and a little smooth Bitch, with 
Liver -Colour and white Spots. Whoever gives Notice to Thomas MiUer of 
Northampton aforesaid, of both, or either of the aforementioned Persons (so aa 
they may be Beoured} shall be very well rewarded for all Trouble and Charges. 

Thb Shoulder of Mutton. 
This public-house was situated on the west side of the Market 
square; on the site of the premises now occupied by Mr. R. 
James, of the Royal CafS. The earliest reference we find to it is in 
the Northampton Mercury oi June 17, 1745. The landlord at this 
period was Richard WooUey, who was a musiciau as well as victualler. 
His name also appears in list of voters in the great election, 1768. 
The reference in the Mercury is as follows : — 

Whereas Richard Woolley, Musician, and Trumpeter, at the Shoulder of 
Mutton on the Barley-Hill in Northampton, has undertaken tu keep a Booth 
at Buughton-G-reen Fair, being the upper Booth in Northampton Row, next to 
the Broom Fair, and cover'd with Boards : These are to acquaint all (Gentlemen, 
Ladies, and Others, that they may depend on very good Usage as well for Elating 
as Drinking ; and the Favour of their Company wiU be most thankfully 
aoknowledg'd by 

Their most obedient, humble Servant, 

Richard Woolley. 

N.B. Neat Wines will be sold there. And for the Sign there will be a 
French Horn at each End of the Booth. 

In an advertisement dated June 17, 1 751, he adds a note: *'The 
ahove R. Woolley sells at his shop in Northampton all sorts of 
Musical Instruments and Fishing Tackle." The west side of the 
market hill at the above date was called the '^ Barley Hill.** 

From a tract. Relations of Remarkalle Fires in Northamptonshire 
(published by Messrs. Taylor and Son), we extract the following 
paragraphs : — 

FZBB AT THB SbOULSSB OV MtTTTON. 

A Fire, the most calamitous in it's effects of any that this town ever 
coqpexienoed, broke out early yesterday morning, at the Shoulder-of-Mutton 
puUio-honse on the West side of the square. Soon after one o*olook, a pexaon 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 233 

in the neighbourhood discoTered the flames issuing' from the cellar window, and 
immediately gave the alarm ; but before the family could be apprised of their 
danger, the fire had got to an alarming height, the floors, staircase, &c. being 
principally of deal. The master of the house, however, rushed down stairs, 
tnd having opened the street door, returned in order to rescue his family ; but 
such was the fury of the flNmes, that he was not able to effect it, being himself 
nnder the necefwdty of escaping out of the garret window, over the roofs of the 
adjoining houses. By the time a ladder could be procured, it was too late to 
render the unfortunate sufferers any assistance ; and, dreadful to relate, Mrs. 
Harriott (the mistress of the house) together with five of her children, the 
eldest about 12 years old, also two lodgers, a Journeyman hat- maker and his 
wife, of the name of Howarth, from Rochdale, in Lancashire, perished in the 
flames: Hr. Marriott being the only person, out of nine who were in the 
house, who escaped. — The wind was providentially still, and by the ready 
assistance and great activity of the inhabitants, the fire was happily got under 
before day-light, without spreading further than the house where it began ; 
tho*, from the situation, and the extreme rapidity of the flames, the greatest 
apprehensions were for some time entertained for the safety of the whole 
neighbourhood.— This melancholy catastrophe appears to have been occasioned 
from a beam that entered the flue belonging to the brewing-copper, (whijh had 
been used on Thursday) taking fire, and communicating to the floor above.— 
The remains of the unfortunate sufferers were dug out of the ruins yesterday, 
and presented a spectacle too shocking for description.— Neither the house nor 
property were insured ; of the latter, (excepting the beer, which was in an 
arch'd cella^r) not an article could be saved. A collection, we hear, is intended 
to be made for the unfortunate man ; and upon such an occasion of almost 
unparalleled misfortune, who can withold his mite ? 

Though it was not in the power of Benevolence itself to remove the distress 
of the unhappy Suffgr$r^ mentioned in our last; yet, as the dreadful blow, 
which in one moment tore away all tho tender & endearing tieB of sodetyp 
involved with it the destruction of most of his little property, the Magistrate, 
and many other respectable Inhabitants, on Tuesday last, walked round the 
town to receive the willing contributions of their sympathizing neighbours; 
and never was a collection made which did more honour to the genuine 
feelings of HmcAirxTT ; yet this arose not so much from the largeness of the 
sum given, as from the readiness (or rather eagerness) with which they were 
offiezed. Shillings and Sixpences were prest into the common purse by persona 
who, from their situations in life, had ever before been in the habit of ree&iving; 
but now seemed determined to take, at least, for once, the exquisite pleasure of 
giving to the distress*d. The collection amounted to above 1601. which was 
about 401. more than the estimates given in of his loss. But though it is 
judged right to give the public this information, to prevent designing people 
from imposing on their good nature, it is by no means intended that it should 
restrain a generous and opulent neighbourhood from affording any further 
assistance towards alleviating the poor man*s distresses ; for it idiould be 
considered, that notwithstanding the above sum will more than rnstore to him 
his pecuniary losses, yet as all his schemes and purposes in life must be 
destroyed, it will be a considerable time before he can forget enough of the past, 
to enable him to provide, in any tolerable degree, for his future subidstenoe.— 
DonatioDB, thezef ore, will be noeived for his benefit by the Mayor, Mr. Joitiot 



234 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Hall, or Mr. Clark.— It is right to add, th%t Mr. Marriott has erer boz« iht 
character of an indoBtrious, honest, and worthj man. 

In the Parish Register of All Saints^ under date February, 1792, 
is the following entry: — 



Thomas Howarth, 
Elix. Howarth, 
Sarah Maniot, 
Elix. Marriot, 
Wm. Marriot, 
John Marriot, 
Bohert Murriot, 
Samuel Marriot, 



All lamentahly homt (in a Rre 
which coninimed only the small 
House in which it began), and all 
buried on the 18th. 



In the portico of All Saints' Church a marble tablet was erected, 
bearing the following inscription : — 

This Marble was 

Erected to perpetuate the 

Memory^ of the following awful 

Dispensation of ProTideooe, at one 

o'aook in the Morning of the 17th FebJ 1792; 

the lower part of the House of H. Makbiot 

on the Market Hill, was discovered to be on l^ixe, 

and the flames ascending with dreadful rapidity, 

he was obliged to leave his nffrighted little onet hovering 

round their distracted Mother, & by an Extraordinary 

effort g^nd the Roof of an adjoining house, calling aloud 

for that help which alas could not be proour'd for in a few 

moments his whole Family consisting of a beloved Wife^ 

6 Children, & 2 Lodgers perish'd in the flames 

R&iDBB, 

The Almighty has hitherto preserv'd thee from scenes 

of deep Distress, let thy Heart glow with Gratitude, & 

at the same time let thy Bosom expand with 

Benevolenoe towards thy suffering 

Fellow creatures. 

The sad Remains of this unfortunate Family 

were carefully collected, and 

decently interred in this 

Church- Yard. 

The memorial tablet was completely destroyed by falling 
down in December^ 1881, being reduced almost to powder, and 
scattered all over the floor of the portico. The position of the tablet 
can be seen by the new stonework which became necessary to make 
good the wall. The following account of the destruction of the tablet 
is taken from the Northampton Mercury of December a4th, 1881 :— 

DasTBircmoN or ▲ Tablet at All Baihts* Chubch.-^Au ancient marble 
tablet, which waa affixed to the wall of the portico on the right hand aida of 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 235 

the central door of All Saints' Gliumh, fell down early on Tuesday morning. 
The tablet was pat up to commemorate the fire which occurred at the Shoulder 
of Mutton Inn, on the west pide of the Market-square (the site of the house 
now adjoining' the Queen*s Arms, to the north). The premises were entirely 
isonsumed, and the landlady (Mrs. Marriott), her fiv^e children, and two lodgers, 
perished in the flames, Mr. Marriott alone escaping. The tablet had been in 
a neglected state for some time. One or two other tablets are also in a 
dilapidated condition, but it i^ jiqw proposed to repair these. 

It may be remarked incidentally that it was at the Shoulder of 
Mutton^ in Brecknock, that Mrs. Siddons, England's greatest tragic 
actress, was born, July 14, 1755. '* Fancy/' writes an enthusiastic 
biographer, ''the English Melpomene behind the bar of such a 
place/' 

The Phceniz. 

Mythical birds have always been in great favour. The burning 
and reviving of the Phoenix, for instance, like the salamander and the 
dragon, typified certain transformations obtained by chemistry, whence 
be was a very general sign with chemists, and may still be seen on 
their drug-pots and transparent lamps. — History of Signboards. 

After the fire at The Shoulder of Mutton the sign was altered to 
The Phoenix, which will be considered not an inappropriate sign. 
In 1825 it was kept by John Hulton, who afterwards removed to The 
Hare and Hounds in Newland. The figure of a phoenix which was 
in front of the house is now to be seen at the corner of Phoenix street, 
adjoining St. Mary*s place. Phoenix street was formed about 1828, 
when the large earthwork, known as Castle Hills, was reraoyed. The 
name of the street first appears in the poll book of the election of 
1830. 

The Black Periwig. 

This we take to have been, like The Last, merely a tradesman's 
sign, as the Periwig was at one time a common hairdresser's sign. 
Tne only reference to it, to our knowledge, is in an advertisement in 
the Northampton Mercury for September nth, 1727, which is so 
typical of the period that we quote it here : 

Joseph Fowkes, who now lives at the Black Perriwig on the Market-Hill in 
Northampton, having workt at the best Shops in London, gives Notice, That 
he intends to sell all Sorts of Wigfl, viz. Full-Bottoms, Ties, Bobs, Naturalls, 
Cues, &c. of the newest Mode, good Hair, and inferior to none made in London, 
at yery reasonable Bates. He also makes Horse Hair Ties at 60s. and Bobs at 
26s so ingreniously, that they shall hardly be distingaisli'd from Human Hair ; 
of which he will allow any Person the Trial before paid for. His Wife hath 
also been at great £xpence and Pains among the most experlenc'd and skilful 
Midwives in Loudon, and arriy'd to so compleat a Knowled>re, that she is ready 
and willing to give any Person satisfactory and undoubted E^oofs of her Skill 
in that Science, on any other point whatsoever, in order to prove the soandalouB 
Aspersions ol her Enemies false and groundless. 



236 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Sixty years before this date, in i^Tj, John Mulliner, a 
Northampton barber and peri wig- maker, testified, in a curioas 
pamphlet (reprinted by Messrs. Taylor and Son, in 1872), against 
" Periwigs and Peri wig- Making, and Playing on Instruments of 
Musick among Christians, or any other in the days of the Gospel;*' 
shewing the reasons why he " left off his Imployment of Borders and 
Periwig-making, and how it was with him, as to his Inward Condition 
before he Joyned with the People of God, in scorn called Quakers j 
as also his Testimony for them, and his earnest Desires to his 
Neighbours and Acquaintance of the Town of Northampton, that they 
would as well as himself, be reconciled to the Principle of God in their 
Conscience, now after this Judgment of God that hath been upon 
this Town by Fire." 

The Market hill seems to have been well patronised by peruke- 
makers and barbers. At the time of the election of 1768 we find the 
names of several ; amongst whom was John Fretter, who appeared 
before the Scrutiny Committee in a sailor's dress, and said he was 
a barber and peruke maker, and intended to hang out bis pole the 
next day. 

The party-coloured staff affixed to barbers* shops is a relic of the 
time when barbers bad the title of "barber-surgeons.** As 
phlebotomy, or blood-letting, was the chief part of their practice, the 
pole signified the staff which they usually put into the hand <.f the 
patient to be let blood ; and the white entwined round it signified the 
white fillet wherewith the patient*s arm was bound after the operation. 

Well might the barbers, says the writer of the History of 
Signboards, give the peruke the honour of this signboard, for the 
profits on that article must have been enormous. In Charles ii*s 
time, for instance, a fine peruke cost as much as ^^50 ; and hence the 
great respect Cibber paid to the one he wore in the character of sir 
Fopling Flutter, which was brought on the stage in a sedan and pat 
on before the public. 

The French Horn and German Flute. 
This, too, was probably a tradesman's sign, and the house 
occupied, according to the subjoined advertisement^ which is dated 
Sept. f I, 17491 a position on the Market hill. 

This is to give Notice, That Jonathan Darden, at the French -Horn and 
Oerman-Flute on the Market- Hill in Northampton, rims or rivets with Silver, 
or any other Metal, all Sorts of broken China or Qlass, in the neatest Manner* 
and renders them as useful as when new ; he also puts Handles, either Metal, 
Plain or Wicker-work, to China Jugs, Tea-Pots, Coffae-Cups, &o. he also puts 
Silver Spouts to China Tea-Pots, and Strainess to suoh that chair Strainers are 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 237 

broken or will not pour, and makes them pour better than when new; he 
ah»o makes Feet for China Salvers, or any Thing eUe in that Waj, to the 
greafest Perfection, end at the most reasonable Rates. The Favours of suoh 
Gentlemen and Ladies that are pleased to employ him will be most gratefully 
acknowledged by 

Their humble Servant, 

Jonathan Burden. 

We may add, on the authority of the History of Sign-hoards^ that 
music shops always adhered to the primitive custom of using the 
instruments they sold as their signs : hence. The French Horn and 
Violin; Tne Violin, Hautboy, and German Flute j The Hautboy and 
Two Flutes, &c. The French Horn was once a very common sign, 
and even in the present day are to be found a French Horn and Rose, 
a French Horn and Half MooQ« aud a French Horn and Queen*s 
Head. 

Thb Blub Boar. 
The town may have boasted of two Blue Boars at the same time 
— the one on the Market hill, and the other in Gold street; unless the 
former was abandoned and its name or sign added to that of the 
Shoemaker's Arms^ in Gold street. This theory is not improbable 
for according to Peter Peirce, The Blue Boar had but a poor 
reputation in 1764. His advertisement of April 16, 1764^ ran as 
follows : — 

As I, some Time since, proposed to quit the Red-Lyon In the Horse-lf arket, 
Northampton, and, to that Purpose, had taken the Blue-Boar on the Market- 
Hill in the said Town, the Notion of which has been yery detrimental ; obli^res 
me to take this publick Method to assure all Gkntlemen, Dealers, &c. thnt I 
have entirely quitted the Blue-Boar, and continue the Red-Lyon; where all 
such, who please to favour me with their Custom, may depend on the best 
Aocommodationfl, and their Favours will be gratefully acknowledged by 

Their obedient Servant, 

Peter Peirce. 

The Blue Boar, we gather from the History of Sign-hoards ^ is 
derived from the badges of the bouse of York. One of the badges 
of Richard, duke of York, father of Edward iv., was " a blewe Bore 
with his tuskis and his cleis and his membres of gold.** In many 
instances I'hs Blue Boar has given way to The Blue Pig, in which 
appellation the heraldic origin of the sign becomes lost sight of. 
After Richard's defeat and death, the White Boars — a popular sign 
in Richard*s time — were changed into Blue Boars> this being the 
easiest and cheapest way of changing the sign ; and so The Boar of 
Richard, now painted "true blue," passed for The Boar of the 
Earl of Oxford^ who had largely contributed to place Henry tii. on 
the throne. 

31 



238 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

527. — Greaves. — Can any one give me any informatTon 
respecting the family of Greaves during the seventeentli century. 
They were then living at Whitfield, Syresbam, Biddlesden, and 
Shalstoue. I have records of them from the early part of last centurj. 

BiUiogbor(/ Vioarag«, Falkiogfaam. J- A. Grbafbs. 

528, — Claypolb Family. — The names of books, printed and 
in MS., other than those mentioned in the annexed list, in which 
accounts of this family may be found, would be very acceptable. 
Extracts from parish registers, wills, and other records, would prove 
of much interest. 

84, Myddleton iqiiaro, aorkenweU, E,C. Daniel HiPWEtt. 

Accounts of Elizabeth and John Claypole, by C. H. Firth. 

Dictionary of National Biography ^ 1887, vol. zi., pp. 11, 12, IS. 

The history of the Claypooles, especially the life of John Claypoole* 
esq., son-in-law to the protector Oliver, one of his lords, and 
also master of the horse to both Oliver and Richard, with his 
descendants by Mary, the favorite daughter of the elder 
protector. 
Memoirs of th$ Broioetorai$'Souu of Cromtoell, by Mark Koble, vol. ii., 1787. 

Historical Account and Genealogical Descent of the Cromwell 

Family. 

Ths London Magazine, May, 1774, p. 133. 

Extracts from the Letter-Book of James Claypoole, merchant, of 
London, who emigrated to Philadelphia in 1683. 

The Pennsylvania Magazitie of History and Biography ^ 1886, toI. x^ 

pp. 188-202, 267-282, 401-413. 

A true copy of a letter from Benjamin Clay pool of the city of 
London, to George Claypool bis cousin of Philadelphia, dated 
March 22d, 1706-7. 

73., vol. X., pp. 854-5. 
The name of James Claypole's wife. 

Notes and Queries, 7th S. vii., 509. 

A Writ of Summons by Richard Cromwell, dated Westminster, 9 
December, 1658, "A Catalogue of those persons who were 
dignified by Oliver Cromwell with the title of Lord and called 
to sit in his other [t.^. Upper] House of Parliament. 
John Cleypole, son in law. Master of the Horse." 

The Genealogist y 1884, new Beries, vol. i., p. 56. 

Lady Claypole. A letter from the Lady Claypole to her sister* the 
Viscountess of Falcoubridge, 1720. 

Brit. Hiis.» 808 g. 29. 



Clayfole Family. 239 

X-ady Claypole. A Letter from the Lady Clr.ypole, Oliver CromwelPs 

beloved daughter, to her sister, the Viscountess o( Falconbridgei 

1733. 

Brit. Mas., E. 2026/1. 

William Claypole. Vicar of Wyken or Ashwyken, co. Norfolk, 1388. 

Sir John Claypoole. Knighted at Greenwich 12 June, 1604. 

Sir John Claypoole. Knighted by Oliver Cromwell, protector, 

16 July, 1657. 

Metcalfe, A Booh of SniphU, 1885, pp. 153, 205. 

Elizabeth Cleypole. Daughter of John Cleypole, of Norburgh, 
Northamptonshire, s. p., married to William Herbert, of Cole- 
brook, CO. Monmouth. 

Ze Nevie Fedigreee cf Knights, Harl. Soo., 1873, yol. Tiii., p. 840. 

Dorothey. Daughter of James Cleypole, of North borow com. 
Northampton, married to Maurice Blount, of London, Mercer, 
free of the Cloth workers. 

Visitation of London, 1633-5, Harl. Soo., 1880, vol. xy. p. 82. 

Elizabeth Claypole. 
Col. Chester's Registers of Westminster Abbey, Harl. Soo., 1876, toI. z., p. 521. 

Dorothy Wingfield. Wife of Adam Claypole, of Latham, co. 

Lincoln. 

Visit, of Rutland, 1618-19, Harl. Soo., 1870, vol. iii., p. 32. 

John (Clerpoote ?) and Marie Angell. Married June 8, 162a. 

Reg. of St. Thomas the Apostle, London, Harl. Soo., 1881, yol. vi., p. 18. 

William Cleypoole and Anne Powell. Married Jan. 7, 1615. 

Reg. of St. James, Clerkenwell, London, Harl. Soc, vol. xili., p. 42. 

Hellin. Daughter of the above, baptized Nov. 7, \6\g. 

Reg. of St. James, C.erkenwell, London, Harl. Soo., vol. ix., p. 85. 

A child of Mr. Claypoole by his second wife, buried Dec. 11, 1674. 

Pur. Reg. of fValihamstote, co. Bsse». 

The second wife of Mr. Claypoole, buried Oct. 10, 1602. 

lb. 

Anne Cleypoole and Mr. George Leafield. Married Nov. 3. i6f)g. 

Tar. Reg. of West Deeping, 00. Lincoln, 

Adam Cleypoole. Their son, buried March 15, 1675-6. 

lb. 

Isaac Claypole and Sarnh Hawker. Married May 21, 1751. 

Reg. of Canterbury Cathedral, Harl. Sco., vol. ii, p. 92. 

Bridget Claypool and Aubury Price. 4 June, 1697. 

Chester's London Marriage Licenses^ ed. Foster, 1887, p. 1091. 

3i» 



240 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Ann Cleypole. Wife of Edward Cleypole, of Belton, co. Rutland, 
gent., mentioned in the will of John Twells, of Wisbech (pro%'ed 
9 Feb., 1758, P.C.C). 

Elizabeth Clajpoole and Mr. Charles Allington. Married May 3^, 
i6j2. 

Par. Meg, of Tinwett^ eo. Sutiand. 

Ann Claypoole and James Beer. Married June 5, 1764. 

Beg, of St, Oeorge, Uanoter Square^ London, Harl. Soo., vol. zL, p. 132. 

Adam Claypole. 

Moyaliet Compoeition Papers, 2nd aerieB, i., 581-^87. 

Claypole Wills at Peterborough and Northampton Probate Regbtries. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Claypole. 

Cole'i MS8, Add, UB„ 6834 f. 87. 

John Claypole, autograph signature of, 1648. 

Add, U8,, 6508 f. 87 

Robert Cleypoole, of Horton, co. Northampton, will of, 1578-89. 

Book v., f. 295, Northampton Probate Registry. 

529. — Sheppard FAM11.T OF Northamptonshire (59, 168, 
aa^3^4i 379» 4o^ 4^8, 440, 482). — In art. 401 Mr. E. N. Sheppard 
enquires about a branch of the Sheppards settled at Blis worth. I 
have copies of two wills which may interest him : — 

(i.) John Sheppard, yeoman, of J^arlescote, in his will dated 
January 26, 1663-4 (with a codicil dated Dec. 12, 1667), and proved 
March 27, 1669, mentions his wife Mary, his sons John, Richard, 
Samuel, William, and his daughters Ann, Mary, Sarah, Susanna, 
Alice, Catherine. In 1663, John^ the eldest son, was under 22, and 
Ann, the eldest daughter, under 20. The testator, after mentioning 
lands at Darlescote, Eastcote, and Tiffield, bequeaths to his son 
William his term of years yet to come in a messuage or cottage at 
Blisworth, then occupied by John Bra field and John Plowman, and 
in the pieces of ground called Woolfy Field and Gully Field. 

(2.) John Sheppard, gentleman, of Darlescote, by will dated 
April 10, proved Sept. 10, 1701, leaves ;f7oo to his daughter Mary, 
and directs that if she cannot be paid at once she shall receive the 
yearly rents of all bis lands, etc., lying in Blisworth. He mentions 
a son John, and two brothers, Samuel, a vintner, and William, 
deceased : thus he was probably the son of the other John 
Sheppard who died in 1669. 

The Sobool Hom», Tonbridge. WiLLlAM CowpBR. 



FIRST-CLASS WORKMANSHIP, AND UNIFORMLY LOW CHARGES. 

FOB 

SANITARY TVORK. 

Witb tbe most Mm and ScieBtiflc ipplianees, 

plumbing, ias-Jitttng, ^Ull-f anging, 

s IPO TJ 0? iisra-, 

AND 

HOUSE-DECORATING. 



E. NICHOLS, 

ABINGTON SQUARE, NORTHAMPTON. 

A VERY Laf^gb & Fine jStock of |^apei\-Hangings. 

ESTIMATES ON APPLICATION. 



iSaii!*^ 



ThoM who BtaAj ECONOMT, and are drainms of obtaining Goons op BEST 
QUALITY at LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES should visit 

Celebrated Drag and General Supply Stores, 

2, PARADE, NORTHAMPTON. 

For PXJBB BBTJOS, 

PATENT MEBIOINES, 

OHOICEST PB&FUMEBT, 

ETE-OL ASSES AND SPECTACIiES, 
GBNEBAL STORES, includinff QBOCEBT, TEA. SOAP, OIL, 
«nd Domestio Bequlrements of almost every description. 

"^LUNT & SONS undeviatingly adhere to the Cash Trading System 
^S estttblished bv them so many years since, and it is gratifying to record that this 
^^ system, whicn involves the effect of the Firm being able to sell their goods at 
an almost infinitesimal profit, has proved a great boon to the public. It is superfluous 
to state that their widely-known reputation as 

THE CHEAPEST HOUSE IN NORTHAMPTONSHIRE 

is well established. Purchasing at BLUNT'S means simply a saving of 33 per cent, 
undoubtedly a great consideration in the present times. 

THE DISPENSING DEPARTMENT is in the charge of qualiSed Asnistants. 
Prescriptions prepared with the utmost accuiacy, and at strictly co-operative prices. 

2, PAEADE, Northampton ; and at Coventry. 



Extracted from an American Paper. 

Y <\HEN the summer is departing and the year is growing old, 
^-""^^ When the forests are assuming richest hues of red and gold ; 
"When a softer deeper azure tints the chmdless noonday skies. 
And the sunsets give us glimpses of the walls of paradise ^ 
When the song-birds have departed to a region less austere. 
And their melody mellifluous greets no more the longing ear j 
When the wild-goose flying southward of approaching winter warns. 
And the earth's ripe fruitage garnered safely lies in sheltered bams; 
When the nights are growing chilly and more welcome is the sun. 
It is then the thrifty coalman adds a dollar to the ton. 

"A WORD TO THE WISE IS SUFFICIENT.*' 



Please apply for PRICE LIST 



(Successors to the late JAMES WELLS,) 

Coal and Coke (Deirchanfs, 
io6, BRIDGE STREET, 

Northampton. 



Your Orders will oblige. 



Vol. III. 




' Pride Is. Gd. 



'Tis not time iost, to talk with anthjue fort. 
And all the labours of the dead : for thence 
The musing mind may bring an ample store 
Of thoughts, that will her labours recompense. 
The dead hold converse with the soul, and hence. 
He that communeth with them, doth obtain 
A partial conquest over time. 

Bull, Museum. 






Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 



DBVOTBD TO 



The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c,,o/ the County, 



«-^€>*«^-«5^'*«^e-%>^-«>^-«^«-^v^.-«i ^ «i -«>^-%.-^ -%.v 



^•t ^%^A -^-^'^^.e •i^v*-^ 





Contents. 


530 


Bay*8 Itineraries 


541 


Families of Shephard, Maatell^Ahhot, 


681 


Black Berengariua : A Legend of 




Stilgoe, and Newman 




Barnwell Castle 


642 


Mayor's Choice, J/ orthampton: Dinner 


532 


Claypole Family 




Bill 


638 


Monnmental Inscriptions ftrom other 


643 


The Washington Monument in Sol- 




Coonties 




grave Church {idutst ration) 


684 


The Newuham Family 


644 


The Bucknell (or Bucknall) Family 


586 


The Stnrgis Family 




of Crick 


686 


Knight of Slapton, co. Northants. 


646 


Medieval Church Notes 


687 


Society for Dehtors 


646 


Warrant Book, Guilshorough Hundred 


638 


Gorham Family 


647 


ManteU Family of Heyford 


639 


Lord Majors of London who were 


548 


John Hampden at Northampton 




Natives of Northamptonshire.— 


649 


Tolls and Unjust Customs of North- 




Sir Robert Clayton. 




amptonshire 


640 


Bestoration of Feteroorongh Cath- 


660 


Glimpses of Old Northampton: Its 




edral, 1784 




Signs 



XorlIjam)iton : 

TAYLOR & SON, The DRYDEN PRESS, 9 COLLEGE STREET. 
London: ELLIOT STOCK, PATERNOSTER ROW. 



[£nter€4 «t .Stfifiim^ri Hull.] . 



V 



Fashionable & Bespoke Bootmaker, 
7 WOOD HILL, 

NORTHAMPTON. 

-4j Lasts made and kept to suit all Feet. ^^ 
yafching, v (Dennis, v and v flfhlefic v @oods 

nr BVEBT ▼▲BTETT, 

In Stock or to measure, in the Higli -class Styles. 



Ladies' Glac6, Patent, or Calf 

WALKIiNG BOOTS and SHOES. 

GENTLEMEN'S 

Servants' & Coachmen's Boots, 

A SPECIALITY. 



ill Goods marked In Pluin Figures. 6 per Cent, dlsconnt for CasL 



7 WOOD HILL, NORTHAMPTON. 



'^^I^^ 



"^^.'r 











n 



4 



i 





In Sulgrave Church 



•>./,i i ' 



iv;.,'. t- 






I .. 



N l;iJLOi?AV[: C'-iV'lCH 



Black Berengarius. 241 

530. — Ray's Itineraries. — Aug. 9, 1658. I began my journey 
from Cambridge and rode that night to Northampton, 3 1 miles. At 
Higham Ferrers I took notice of a great ancient stone building, 
which they call the college. Northampton is an old town, but 
indifferently handsome, the houses all built of timber, notwithstanding 
the plenty of stone dug in that country. It hath a very spacious 
market-place, an old castle demolished, and an indifierent good wall. 
There, in Mr. Brooker*s garden, I saw divers physical plants, and 
took especial notice of Lupinus luteus adoratuSf which was very 
luxuriant there. The soil where it grew was sandy and the place 
warm. Great plenty of cabbage and roots, and onions, and the like, 
are planted near this town. ^ « 

531, — Black Berenoarius : A Legend of Barnwell 
Castle. — On a lovely day in the autumn of 1198. the Halls of 
Barnwell Castle rang with merriment and feasting j it was the 
celebration of the majority of Berengarius le Moigne, the eldest son 
of Reginald le Moigne. 

On the evening of the same day, even before the minstrels had 
ceased to sing the praises of the absent Knight, and tell of the deeds 
of Richard of the Lion Heart, the two sons of Le Moigne had left 
the festive board, and met as though by appointment on the margin 
of the Nen, at a point now occupied by Barnwell Mills ; then a wild 
and uncultivated spot. The countenance of the elder though handsome 
was dark and forbidding, and the whole expression of his face was 
the index of a cruel, overbearing and ambitious temper ; the younger 
brother on the contrary was of a fair complexion, and his handsome 
form might have served as a model for the most glorious creations of 
a Phidias; in disposition he was mild, merciful and just. 

The Castle of Bumwell, originally, was a fine specimen of those 
feudal edifices, erected principally for self-protection ; and contained 
independent of the area mark'd by the present remains, a broad 
ballium extending some distance, and was guarded by an outer vallum 
with barbican, &c., &c. lliere is little known however of its real 
history 3 the greater part resting on oral tradition, and probably the 
manuscript, which forms the foundation of this legend, which was 
found by the schoolmaster of the village, in the eastern bastion .tower, 
has more claim to authenticity than any other record connected with 
the family, that once owned the castle and its domains. 

Reginald le Moigne, the proprietor of the castle, and father of the 
two young men already introduced to the reader, on the death of his 
amiable and beautiful wife, left hij native land to seek a grave for bis 



242 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

sorrows, in the questionable but exciting wars of the Crusades ; 
leaving his castle, estates, and two sons to the guardianship of his 
brother: who like himself had lost the only being, who form'd the 
spirit of his early dreams, but she left behind her, enshrined iu the 
lovely form of her daughter Niua, all her virtues and more than all 
her beauty. 

On the departure of his brother for the Holy Land, the uncle and 
his daughter, resided almost constantly at the castle ; Nina, and his 
nephews being his only companions. Years roll'd on, and many a 
brave warrior who had outlived the deadly strife, had returned to his 
native land j still there was no tidings of Reginald le Moigne. 
Wintner the youngest son, loved to talk of his father's return, and 
listened with intenre interest to his guardian's description of bis 
absent parent : on the contrary, there seemed to lurk in the breast of 
the elder brother a secret satisfaction 3 he never refened during their 
long rambles, to the anticipated return of the absent knight ; ai:d he 
had been heard to say that on such a day, he would be master at 
Barnwell. A few months prior to the date, at the commencement of 
our narrative, a stranger arrived in the neighbourhood, and after an 
interview with the guardian uncle, took up his residence, in a 
dilapidated and neglected building about a mile from the castle, the 
foundations of which may still be traced, in a field on the right hani 
of the toll-gate, in going to Barnwell from Oundle : he brought with 
bim but one domestic who was as seldom seeu abroad as his master. 

We said that the youths met near the spot now occupied by 
Barnwell Mills, the elder was gazing on his brother with deadly scorn j 
" Your pretentions to the hand of Nina are preposterous," said he, 
" the return of our parent is now, all but impossible, and I am his heir, 
and Nina can scarcely covet an alliance with a youth who must 
depend for support upon" "his sword j** — interrupted Wintner, 
whose noble spirit could not brook the degrading termination to tbe 
sentence. 

" Thy sword weakling," sneeringly responded Berengarius, " I 
doubt will carve but a poor living for thee and thy spouse ^ unless 
you mean to use it at my table, — no, no, Nina will scarcely condescend 
to smile upon thee, when she is acquainted with thy dependant 
condition, and that thy lodgement in the castle after to day, is only by 
sufferance j cease therefore to deceive thyself and Nina, leave her 10 
one who has the power to protect and maintain both." For a few 
moments, the younger brother gazed upon the speaker, as if struggling 
to suppress the torrent of passion and indignation, which the words of 
the unmanly Berengarius, had created in his breast. — ** When I ask 



Black Berengarius. 243 

thy protection, and Nina condescends to receive it ; '* said he, " then, 
and not till then, will I relinquish my claim to her hand.'* '• Ha, ha, 
ba," laugh'd Berengarius, " thou art sentimental young one, it is 
amusing to hear a beggar talk of lovej were I King I would crop the 
ears from oft' any puppy, that dared to mention the word, unless he 
possessed an inheritance equal to my own ; but keep thy hand from 
thy sword, for if thou makest too free with it, I may perchance put 
an end to thy billing and cooing propensities.'* 

"Thou knowest I am no coward Berengarius, but I am thy 
brother," answered Wintner firmly. " A coward's resort," replied the 
unfeeling Berengarius. Their swords flashed from the scabbards, 
but before the brothers could make a single pass, a tall dark figure 
placed itself between them, and as it glided into the adjoining thicket, 
it murmured in a voice so low and solemn, that it sounded more like 
the winds sighing through a ruin, than the utterance of a human 
being; ** Reginald le Moigne lives." At the same moment, the moon 
which shone brightly on the spot where they stood, sank behind a 
dark cloud, and the breeze came wailing through the trees like a 
host of troubled spirits; crackling and crashing came the thunder; 
and the lightning, as it splintered into ten thousand atoms a noble 
oak, played round the naked blades which the brothers still grasped^ 
and the sword of Berengarius became a fused and shapeless mass. 
" Our father lives and heaven forbids our quarrel," said Wintner, as 
he turn'd from the spot, followed by Berengarius; they regained the 
castle with difficulty, amidst a fearful tempest, and the anxious Nina 
was the first to welcome her lover. Weeks passed on, but nothing 
occurred to break the seeming spell that hung over the occupants of 
the castle. Wintner however paid the same attentions to Nina, and 
he was aware that his dark souled brother, was the secret witness of 
their meetings; he had observed him more than once, gazing like a 
basilisk, from some thicket that skirted their path. Gradually the 
impression which the appearance and words of the dark figure left 
upon the cold soul of Berengarius wore off*; and he at length 
persuaded himself, that the whole was a trick cleverly play'd by some 
associate of Wintner's, in order to secure the latter's continued residence 
at the castle, and the love and society of Nina. So completely was 
he impressed with this belief, that he at length wondered at his own 
stupidity in being so easily duped ; hatred towards his brother became 
his master passion, and he determined to seek by some means his 
destruction or disgrace. To eftect this, he knew it was in vain to 
look for his instrument amongst the retainers, or inmates of the castle; 
he however recollected having seen more than once, the attendant or 

3»* 



244 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

servant of the stranger, who occupied the ruined bouse, about the 
gates, and even receive broken nneat from the servants ; he therefore 
readily concluded, that such a necessitous and ill-conditioned wretch* 
would be a fit instrument wherewith to work out his deadly intentions. 
He therefore watched anxiously for bis reappearance at the castle; 
nor was it long before his wish was gratified ; they met at midnight 
*' Name the deed and the sum," said the apparently needy wretch. 
"The deed and the sum," repeated the black-hearted Berengarius 
musingly. Then after a short pause, he whispered, " dost thou know 
the dungeon beneath the eastern bastion?" "Yes," thought 
Sanford (for such was his name), "and more than thou wilt ever 
know;" but he answerM, ''no, how should I know ought of the 
dungeon, or its secrets ? " Berengarius beckoned him to follow, and 
led the way to the bastion in question ; thrusting his arm into aa 
aperture in the wall, he withdrew a key of curious workmanship, 
with which he unlocked the low but massive door. To the surprise 
of Sanford, they found a lamp burning in a niche ; Berengarius took 
it up, and pass*d on to a still lower entrance, then beckoning his 
companion to follow, they arrived by a circuitous but slightl/ 
descending passage at a dungeon, built apparently of the most 
substantial stone work ; in the centre of the dungeon stood a bed or 
couch of the most finish'd workmanship. Berengarius handed the 
lamp to his companion, and instructed him to look attentively at the 
couch ; he then press*d with his foot a brass plate, and the bed begaa 
slowly to descend through the door, when a large slab gradually closed 
the aperture left by its descent. Berengarius then gave Sanford an 
enquiring look, who nodded as though he perfectly understood him. 
*• You know the deed, and there is the reward : " — As Sanford thrust 
a heavy purse into his breast he enquired, " is not Wintner acquainted 
with this secret machinery ? " " no, his curiosity never led him to 
think so deeply ; his only study has been love, which I think, will be 
effectually cured by a night's repose on that handsome couch;" 
replied Berengarius with a fiendish smile. The hour for the 
execution of the hellish deed was fix'd, they then left the dungeon 
and on reaching the outer gate separated. 

Little did the virtuous and unsuspecting Wintner dream of the 
dark plot that was hatching against his life ; siill he was not h ippy ; the 
conduct of his brother, and the strange appearance of the dark figure, 
on the night of the quarrel, had sunk deeply into his young soul ; 
still he lelt that the presence o? the lovely Nina, relieved, if it did not 
dispel his melancholy j at times he was almost inclined to believe in 
the announcement of the apparition, (for such did be conceive it to 



Black Berengarius. 245 

be), " Reginald le Moigne lives," he would repeat without knowiog 
it ; in his dreams the figure and the voice would come back, and 
he would awake muttering, *' Reginald le Moigne lives." 

On the evening following the visit of Berengarius to the dungeon, 
Nina went forth as usual to meet Wintner^ but what were her 
feelings, on reaching the oak, under whose giant arms they had so 
often met, and when the hours seemed to fly on angel's wings, to 
perceive by the light of the moon, that a fierce struggle had taken 
place, and her lover was no where to be seen 5 her agony became 
intense, and she rush'd back to the castle. 

Unfortunately the manuscript at this part is much damaged : the 
reader will therefore pass on to the dungeon before described, where 
bound and placed upon the treacherous couch, lay the handsome 
form of Wintner; over him stood the savage and unrelenting 
brother, who gazed upon him as he slowly descended into his living 
tomb. But who can paint the horror of the unhappy victim, when he 
fully comprehened the dreadful doom that awaited him : " Mercy, — 
mercy,— my Father, — Nina, Nina" he exclaimed; and before that 
hallowed name bad died upon his lips, the dread slab had closed over 
the dark abyss. The assassin turn'd to leave the scene of his hellish 
deed, when a portion of the wall seem'd to slide into the earth, and 
the Dark Figure leading forth his supposed victim, glided before him, 
and throwing aside the cloak that enveloped it; exclaimed in a voice 
of thunder, ** Reginald le Moigne lives." The fratricide gazed for a 
moment, he beheld the Dark Figure! the Stranger! the Returned 
Crusader! his Father! he uttered a hideous yell, and fell a senseless 
heap on the floor. When the wretched Berengarius returned to his 
senses, the Knight gently raised him, then placing his foot on another 
plate the mimic dungeon disappeared, and Reginald le Moigne led 
forth his sons to the banqueting hall ; where, sat the lovely Nina in 
the midst of a goodly company, who rose on their entrance, and the 
minstrels struck their harps with frantic joy. He waved his hand 
and breathless silence was restored. " Friends," said the Knight, as 
he placed' the hand of Nina within that of Wintner's ; " behold the 
reward of virtue." Then turning to the erring Berengarius, " son " 
said he, " were there no crime, the divine principles of forgiveness 
and reconciliation, could have had no existence ; it is the victory of 
those radient principles, that 1 now celebrate in joyous tears ; forgive 
— thou art forgiven." 

The wretched Berengarius, left the castle the following morning ; 
and his deeds of arms, became the theme of many a minstrel's lay. 
Years after he retum*d an alter*d, a better man ; (by no means the 

33 



246 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

only one whose soul has been puriSed by the rude discipline of tbe 
camp) bis principal pleasure seemed to consist in iDventiug amusement 
for the lovely children of Wintner and Nina. 

J. T. 
532.— Claypole Family (528). — 

Extracts from J. Camden Hotten's Original Lists of Persons of 
Quality, Emigrants, bfc, who went from Great Britain to the Ameri- 
can Plantations, 1600-1700. London, 1&74. 

Barbados. Tickets granted for the departure off this Island of 
the several psones hereafter menconed. 
February ye 22d, 1678. Norton Claypoole, in the Ship '' Bachelors 

Delight/* for New York. Robert Green way Comander. tincie 

out. 
March the 5th, 1678. John Claypool, in the Ship ''Patience" for 

London. Thomas Hudson, Comander. time out. p. 356. 

Masters and mistreses names y^ are owners of Land in the Parish 

of St. Georges in y* Island of Barbados taken by the command of his 

Excellency S' Jonathan Atkins K^ y* 23th Day of December : 1679. 

Mr. Edward Cleypole, number of acres 325, number of white 

seruants 12, number of negroes 85. p. 461. 

Barbados. Burialls in y« Parish of S' Georges. 
Abigail y* daughter of Edward Clay pole, July 16, 1679. p. 46$. 

84, Myddloton Square, Clerkenwell, E.C. Daniel Hipwell. 

John, baptized 13 Apr., 1595 ; Richard, 5 June, 1597 ; Robert, 20 
May, 1599 ; Thomas, 15 Mar., 1600^ Johanna, 24 Aug., 1602; 
Robert, 9 May, 16133 Jafncs, 19 July, 162 1 5 Adam, 24 July, 
16225 Jane, i Nov., 1623. All children of Adam Claypole. 

Faruh Meffistert of Maxey, eo, NorthanU^ 
"W. D. Sweeting. 
History of Northborough. 

Bridgei Northamptonshire, toI. ii., pp. 627-531. 

Account of Northborough. 

Lincoln Dioeesan Arohitetiural Society, 1861, pp. 27-31, 49-62. 

Account of Elizabeth Claypole. 

HaU*8 JToman^a Mecord, 1855, p. 263. 

Account of the Stone Stalls in Norborough Church. 

Archteologia, toI x., p. 291, 
Account of Mrs. Claypole. 

Exhibition of Ancient Female Court Cottume, 1835, p. 14, 

Notice of the Portraits of Mr. John Claypole. 

Qranger'e Biographical Eietory of England, 1824, vol. iv., pp. 23-26. 



Claypole Family. 247 

Notrce of the Portraits of Mrs. Elizabeth Claypole. 

Granger's Biographical Hiitory of England, 1824, vol. iv., pp, «2, 88. 

Account of Mr. Claypoie. 

TheEarleian Mitcellany, 1744-1746, vol. iii., p, 468; 
1808-1811, vol vi., p. 495 ; 
1808-1813, Tol. iii., p. 480. 

Account of the funeral of Elizabeth Claypole in Westminster Abbey. 

Inscription on the Coffin of Elizabeth Claypole. 

Stanley* a Memorials of Wettmintter Abbey, 1868. 

The Hall at Northborough. 

Chimney attached to gable at Northborough. Woodcut. 

Domestic remains of the fourteenth century at Norborough. 

History of Norborough. Woodcuts, 

John Claypoole, son-in-law of Oliver Cromwell, resided at the old 

manor house, Norborough. 
The wife of Oliver Cromwell died in the old manor house at 

Norborough. 

Norborough, the property of earl Fitzwilliam. 

Domettie Arehiteeture of the Middle Agee, 1851, rol. ii. 

A Moral Satire. By John Claypole. 

InedAUd PoeHeal Miteellaniei 1584-1700. 1870. 
With facsimiles of Claypole's Autograph. 

" The MS^ which seemB to be unpublished and autograph, with the exception of 
some portions towards the end written ic a different and later hand, is a small 
quarto, dated 160i$, of fifteen leayes only, including a blank left for the title, which 
was ncTer supplied. On the first page Claypole, or some one else more cunning ic 
heraldry, has drawn in outline the arms grantod to the family in 1583 by Clarencieux : 
but as this was very rude and unsatisfactory, the editor has engraved the shield and 
crest of Claypole from Harl. MS. 1553." 

'* This work, from the pen of John Claypole, has never, it is believed, been recorded 
in any Catalogue of early ifinglisb poetry. The author, who was apparently of the 
same family as that which afterwards intermarried with the Cromwells, was, it is 
to be perhaps presumed, the person who is mentioned in the annexed pedigree 
(Harl. MS. 1553, fol. 194) as dying without issue by his wife, the daughter of 
John Osborne, Esq." 

John Taylor, 

Henry Fojt and Annie Clepoole, married Oct. 15, 161 8. Edward 

Clepole, buried 9 July, 1636. Anne, daughter of Richard 

Cleapole, buried 6 May, 1651. Alice, daughter of Richard 

Clapool, baptized 22 June, 1652. Helen, daughter of Richard 

Clcapoole, buried 19 May, 1658. Richard Cleapoole, buried 22 

Feb., 1658-9. Lucy, wife of Henry Cleapoole, buried 20 Sep., 

1660. Henry Cleypoole, buried 14 Oct., 1665. £ieanor 

Claypole, buried 8 June, 1706 

Moreott Parish Jlegitter, eo, Rutland. 

33 • 



248 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Ad ne, daughter of Henry Cleypole, baptized 14 Nov., 1590. Margeiy, 
wife of John Claypole, buried 5 June, 159a. John Cleapole^ 
son of Henry, buried 30 April, 1608. Bridget Cleapole, vidoa^ 
buried 15 May, 1613. James (rorthan and Anne Cleapole« 
married 27 Oct., 1608. 

Cliff$ Regis Fariah RegUter, eo, NorthtmU. 

Edward Cleypoole, sonne of Mr. Adam Cleypoole, baptized 18 Oct., 

Tinwell Farith Register, eo. RuHmttd, 

Joseph Cleypole and Anne Green, married 19 May, 1706. 

TarweU Fariih Register, eo. NorihanU^ 

Elizabeth Cleypole, daughter of John and Alice, baptized 20 Dec. 
1632. Laurence, son of John Cleypole and Dorothy Blunkett, 
his wife, baptized ii Jan., 1634-5; Elizabeth, buried 13 June, 
1^35 ; Edward, a son, baptized i Jan., 1636-7 ; children of John 
and Dorothy Blunkett. Robert Cleypole, son of John Cleypole 
and Dorothea Johnson, his wife, baptized 8 Sept., 1639. 
Elizabeth, baptized 3 April, 1642, and Sara, children of the last, 
baptized 24 July, 1644. Dorothea Claypole, daughter of John 
Claypole and Dorothy Blunkett, baptized 3 Jan., 1649-50. 
John Claipole, died 11, buried 12 Jan., 1658-9. Widow 
Claipole, died 25, buried 26 Sept., 1659. Edward Claipole, son 
of Edward Claipole and Mary Atton, baptized, 7 April, i66a. 
Thomas, their son, baptized 15 Nov., 1663. Laurence Claipole, 
of Belton, and Sara Banes, of Wing, married ai August, r662.* 

Wing Farish Register, eo. Rutland, 

Adam, son of Adam Clepole, gent., baptized 13 April. 1595- 

Richard, son of Adam Clepole, gent., baptized 5 June, i597- 

Robert, son of Adam Clepole, gent., baptized 20 May. 1599. 

Joane, daughter of Adam Clepole, gent., baptized 24 August, 

1602. Robert, son of Adam Clepole, gent., baptized 14 Nov., 

1613. Adam, son of Adam Clepole, gent., baptized 24 July, 

1622. Joane, daughter of the same, baptized i Nov., 1623. 

Mr. Rowland Patrick, and Mris Joane Cleypole, married 15 July, 

1624. 

Northborough Farish Register, eo. Nbrthants. 

Col. Wingfield Claypoole. Payments by warrant of Council of 
State. Nov. 12, 1650. For arrears of pay between 28th July 
and 4th November for Major Wallis troop, on account £S^ i6s. 
Calendar of State Fapers, Dom. Ser. Inter., 1650. 

* In Wing parish register occurs the peculiarity that in the baptisms the 
maiden name of the mother is given. 



Clay pole Family. 249 

Beniaroin, son of John Claypoole, of Northborougb, esq., and Marie 
his wife, baptized 15 Feb., 1642-3. Alice Cleypoole, servant 
to Mr. Gessine, buried 10 Nov., 1655. 

Mton Parish Register^ co. Northants. 

Mrs. Claypool, buried in wollen, 26 Feb., 1709-10. 

if. Lufmham Farish Register, eo. Rutland. 

William Hill, of Morcott, and Alice Cleypole, of the same, married 
19 Oct., 1674. 

Barrowden Farith Register, eo, Rutland. 

Adam, son of George Leafield, esq., and Anne, buried 15 March, 
1675-6. 

West I>eeping Parish Register^ eo. Lincoln. 

Mr. George Leafield and Mrs. Anne Cleypole, married 3 Nov., 
1669. 

Collyweston Parish Register, eo. JSorthawts. 

George Tbickbroom (arms : arg. on a fesse engr. or, 3 escallops sa. 
in a canton a sprig of broom vert.), third son of Thos Tbick- 
broom, of Tbickbroom, co. Stafford, born there, and living at 
Ashby de la Zouch, co. Leicester, 1683, set. 60, married (i) 
Anne, daughter of Adam Claypolc, of West Deeping, Line, 
and bad: (i) Adam, unmarried 1683, aet. 26; (2) George, 
died young; and (3) Anne, died unmarried. 

NiehoW Leicestershire, toL iii., pt. 2, p. 636. 

1797, Feb. 13, died, aged 84, Mrs. Clapole, of Belton, co. Rutland. 

Gentleman's Magaeine, vol. Izvii., p. 174. 

Sarah Clepole, buried 20 July, 1705. Anne, baptized 21 April, 
1704; Sarah, baptized 14 April, 1706; and Thomas, baptized 
18 Jan., C7T2-3, children of Thomas and Elizabeth Clepole. 
Mary Clepole, buried 17 June, 1707. Thomas Claypole and 
Elizabeth Tilly, both of this parish, married by licence, i June, 
1736. Thomas Claypole, lab., buried 5 Nov., 173 1. Thomas, 
son of Thomas and Elizabeth Claypole, baptized 24 Jan., 1737-8. 
Edward, son of Thomas and ElizabelJi Claypole, privately 
baptized 27 Nov., and churched ii Dec, 1743. John Cleapoole, 
son of Edward and Mary, born 26 August, baptized 27 Sept., 
1660 3 Laurence, another son, baptized 10 Dec, 1665. Frances, 
daughter of Laurence Cleopole and Judeth, baptized i Oct., 
1691. Edward, son of Thomas Cleapol and Elizabeth, baptized 
12 Dec, 1697. John Cleopole, buried 23 Nov., 1699. Mary, 
daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Cleopole, baptized 22 May, 
1699; Elizabeth, another daughter, baptized 15 June, 1701. 



250 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Anne, baptized 28 July, 1707 j and Dorothy, baptized 11 May, 
1704, children of Laurence and Judeth Clepole. John Claypole, 
son of John Claypole> carpenter, baptised 22 Feb., 1740-j. 
Grace Claypole, buried 15 Jan., 1780. 

Braunston ParUh RegiaUr, co. JRutland, 

Will of Hiomas Claypole, of the precincts of St. Catherine's tower, 
Middlesex, yeoman, dated 14 March, 1656-7, proved 2 April, 

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Begiater^ Ruthen, 124. 

Will of Dame Frances Cleypoole, of Fawsley, co. Northamptoo, 
dated 8 June, 2 Carolus (1626), proved 23 Oct., 1632. 

F.C.C. Register^ Audley, 97- 

Will of Thos. Cleapole of St. Catherine's, the younger, seaman, being 
bound to sea in the good ship called " The Happy Entrance,' * 
4 April, 1636, proved 10 April, 1644. 

F,C.C,, Rivera^ 67. 

Will of James Cleypoole, of Northboro', aUas Narborrowe, co. 
Northampton, esq., dated i Dec, 1598, proved 7 Nov., 1599. 

F.C.C, Kidd, 86. 

Adam Cleypoole, Dorothy Cleypoole, named in the will of Hugh 

Alington, of Tynwell, co. Rutland, esq., dated 2 Oct., 161 6, and 

proved 1 Oct., 1618. 

F.C.C, Meade^ 94. 

Mrs. Cleapole, bequest of 201. to, will of Mrs. Alice Swinsco, of 
Peterborough, widow, late wife of Chr. Swinsco, late of Peter- 
borough, gent., dated 6 August, 16 10, proved 10 April, 161 1. 

F.C.C, Wood,Z\. 

Richard Claypole, mercer, admitted to freedom 4 July, 22 Edward 

IV., (1482), constable for the parish of St. Andrew, Sept. 

15 1 2. John Claypole, draper, alderman (or mayor) of Stamford 

for the years 1495-6, dead die M'curii in feste St. Jer. 16, 

Henry vii. f ijoi). 

Stamford Municipal Records. 

Adam Cleopole and Dorothye Wyngfeyld, married 30 Sept., 

1586, beinge Monday. 

St. George* a, Stamford, Fariah Regiater. 

Adam Patrick, son of Mr. Patrick, of Pickwell, gent, baptized 2 

Sept., 1630. 

8t. MaryU, Stamford, Fariah Regiater. 

William Topper, and Audria Clepoole, married 27 Jan., 1602-3 

St. Martin' a, Stamford, Fariah Regiater. 



Clay pole Family. 251 

Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Cleopole, keeper, of Burghley, buried 

4 March, 1639-40. George Ingram and Judith Clajpool, 9 

March, 1732-3. Edward Claypool and Anne Scatley, married 

16 March, 1733-4. 

Bt, Martin' 9y Stawfordf Parish Register, 

John Buttery and Anne Cleppole, 27 March, 1673. John Claypold 
and Sarah Dil worth, 29 November, 1689. ]^^^ Clapole and 
Frances Lawrence, married March 4, 169 1-2. 

St, MiehaeVsy Stamford^ Parish Register, 

John Claypole and Sarah Squart, married 30 Sept., 1738. 

St. John's^ Stamford, Parish Regisier, 

William Clapole, of Hacconby, and Mary Dale, of Hanthorpe, 
married May 9, 1664. John Cleapole, of Uffington, and 
Mary Bumn, of Warmington, co. Northampton, married 
with a license Dec. 9, 1664. Fr. Cropley and Anne Claypole, 
both of Tallington, married with a license, 9 Dec, 17 ij. 

All Saints^ Stamford, Parish Register, 

Richard Cleypole, Wood Newton, i hearth. Discharged by legal 

certificate. 

Seayth Tax, eo. Northants, after 1670. 

Liblis (? Libeus) Cleypole, Clipsham, i hearth. 

Hearth Tax, eo, Northants, 

Richard Qaypool, of Hacconby cum Steynsbie. 

Lineolnshire Subsidy (Kesteven), 89 Elizabeth and 3 Charles I, 

Christ. Claypoole, of Hacconby cum Steynsbie, and Adam Cleapole, 
esq., of West Deeping. 

Lincolnshire Subsidy {Kestepen), 17 James I. and 3 Charles I, 

Mother Clepold, buried 28 May, i j86. 

Lyndon Parish Register, eo. Rutland. 

Job. Claypolle, Rector of Little Billing, Northampton, in 143-. 

Bridges* Northamptonshire, yol. i., p. 410. 

Robert Claypoole de Edelesburgh, Prebendary, ins. 27 Nov., 1387, 
to Newbottle vicarage, by the Prior and Convent of Dunstable. 

Bridget Northamptonshire, vol. i., p. 188. 

Joh. Cleypole, Prebendary, ins. 23 Nov., 1431, to Wotton rectory, 
pres. Ld. Reginald de Grey. 

Bridges* Northamptonshire, vol. i., p. 399. 

Stamford. JvSTIN SiMPSON. 



252 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Cletpoolb op Northborovgh. 
Arms : Or^ a chevron Azure between three hurts. 
Crest : A fleur-de-lis Argent encircled by a ducal corouet Or. 
Given by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, to James Cleypole of Nor- 
borow in co. North'ton, Gent., 17 June 1583, 25 Elizab. R. 

John Gleypoole of Rings Gliff,«. ... da. of Thomas Metcalfe 
00. Norih'ton. of Walmesford, 00. North'ton. 



James Cleypoole of Northbnrghy^Joane, da. of 
00. North'ton, son and heir. j 



Henson. 



I. Sir John»Frances, 
dejmoole da. of 
of North- John 
burgh. Osborne 

of Rel- 
marsh, 

CO. 

North'ton. 



I 
2. Adam Olev-* 
poole of North- 
burgh, Esq., 2 
son, and heir to 
his brother, 
1618. 



'Dorothy, da. Ann, ux. 
of Robert John 
Wingfield of Norton 
Upton, 00. of Got- 
North'ton, terstook, 
Esq. CO. 

North- 
ampton. 



Dorothy, 
nz. Morris 
Blunt of 
London. 



i~nr 

iiohard. 



2. Richard. 6. Henry. Edward Cleypoole, Elizabeth, ux. John Joane. 

— — son and heir, et. Duming of Stifford — 

8. John. 6. Francis. 26, 1618. in Essex. Dorothy. 

4. Thomas. 

VititaiUHM of Norihamptomhire, 1618-19, ed. by W, 0. Metcalfe, 1887. 
Northampton. T. Shbpard. 

533. — Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 
(27, ia6, 181, 354. 453» 4<53, Soo, 521).— 

York Minster. 

" Hie situs est Johannes Dolben, Filius Gulielmi S. Th. Profes- 
soris, £x Antiqua Familia in Cambria Septentrionali oriundus Natus 
Stanvici in Agro Northaroptoniensi, Martij 20 a.d. 1624 Anno 
^tatis 12. Regiam Scbolano Westmonast auspicato ingressus. 
Singulari istius loci genio plenus 15 exivit. In numerum alumaorum 
.^klis Christ! Oxon. electus ; Exardente Bello Civili Partes Regias 
Secutus est* in Pugna Marstoniensi Vexillarius. In Defensione 
Eboraci graviter Vulneratus Effuso sanguine consecravit locum. 
Olim Morti suae destinatum a.d. 1656 a Rev. Episcop. Cicestriensi 
sacris ordinibus initiatus, Instaurata Monarchia factus est .^^is 
Christi Canonicus. Deinde Decanus Westmonasteriensis Mox 
Carolo II. Regi optimo ab Oratorio Clericus. Episcopus postea 
Roffensis Et post Novennium Regis Eleemosynarius ; Anno denique 
1 68 J Metropolitae EboracensiSi Honore cumulatns est Hanc 



Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties, 253 

Proviuciatn ingenti animo et pari Industria admin istravit, Gregi et 
Pastoribus Exemplo. Intra 30 circiter menses, seculi laboribus ex- 
haustus Coelo tandem maturus, Lethargia et Variolis per quatriduum 
lecto affixus. a.d. 1686. ^t. 62. potentissimi Principis lacobi II. 
altero Die Dominico (Eodem Die quo prseeunte anno sacras sjnaxes 
In Ecclesia sua Catbedrall septimanatim celebrandas instituerat) Coelo 
fruebatur Moestissima conjux Magni Gilberti Cantuar Archiep. 
Neptis, Ex qua tres liberos suscepit, Gilbertum, Catherin. et lohan. 
Monumentum hoc posuit Desideratissimo Maritb In ^de Christi 
sub illius Auspiciis partim extructa Bromleiensi Palatio reparato, 
coenobio Westmonast. conservato In Senatu et Ecclesiis Eloquentiae 
gloria, in Diocestbus suis, Episcopali Diligentia In omnium piorum 
animis justa Veneratione semper victuro." 

Whittlesea St. Mary, Cambs. 

''Near this spot rest the remains of Ann, wife of the Rev^. 
Thomas Holdich Rector of Maid well, in the county of Northamp- 
ton ; who on the 27th. day of Feb^. t8o6 in the 36th. year of her 
Age was called to meet her God. Her three surviving children as a 
tribute of their affection^ have erected this monument to her 
memory." 

Mural* north aisle. 

West Deeping, Lincolnshire. 

" To the memory of Mary the Wife and afterwards the Widow of 
John Figg Gent." formerly of this village and daughter of Thomas 
and Frances Bate of Ails worth Northamptonshire. Who departed 
this life the 20th. of November, 1827 ; aged 76 years." 

Capitals, with arms (in a lozenge). Mural, s6uth aisle. 
North Runcton, Norfolk. 

" In Hopes of a JoyfvU Resurrection lyes interr'd in this Church 
S' John Cremor Knight Lord of this Mannor of North Runcton 
Sechey cum Hardwick Who dyed at Sechey An® Dom: 1668. Whose 
Neice & sole Heiress, Ann Cremor, Daughter & onely Child of 
Edmund Cremor of West winch Esq', married y* Right Hon^"* William 
lEarl Fitzwilliam of Milton in Northamptonshire by whom She had 
4 Sonns & 6 Daughters, all which are deceased except John now Earl 
Fitzwilliam, who to j* Pious Memory of his Ancesto' has caused 
this Monument to be erected Anno Domini 1720.*' 

Arms : argent, 3 wolves' heads erased sable, tongued and eyed 
or 5 on a chief gules as many cinquefoils gold. Crest : a ram's head 
couped, paly argent and gules, horned or. Mural, nave. 

DwliDgion. R< H. Edlbstoit. 

34 



254 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

534. — The Newnham Family. — I shall feel obliged if aity 
of your readers can furnish evidence tending to shew the identity of 
the names Newman and Newnham (also spelt Newnam aod 
Newenham) in the county of Northampton during the fifteenth and 
sixteenth centuries. In searching county histories and records, i 
have found evidence leading to that conclusion, and shall be glad to 
have it corroborated if possible. I shall also be glad of any infor- 
mation respecting Newman of Northamptonshire previously to 1650, 
either through N. N. & Q. or direct to my address. Tlie arms of 
Newenham of £verdon are the same as those of Newman of New- 
man Hall« Essex, and of Newman of Devon. 

Loughboroogh. A. S. Newmah. 

535. — The Sturois Famii^t. — While looking through the 
bishop's transcripts of the registers of the parish of Holy Cross, 
Canterbury, I made a note of the following marriage entry : — 

Everard Sturgis of the parish of SibbertofF in the county of North- 
amton and Ann Haffenden of this parish, by banns ye a 2 of 
July, 1770. 
Cantwburj, J. M. CowpER. 

536. — Knioht of Slapton, go. Northakts (457). — Perhaps 
I may be allowed to give a partial answer to my own query. A 
pedigree of one branch of this family is to be found in Berry's 
Hampshire Pedigrees, p. 230^ the earlier portion being copied from 
the Visitation of Northants in 1564. Thomas Knight^ of Hooe, co. 
Northants, who married Anne, sister of Thomas Wriothesley, 
earl of Southampton, had a grant of the following arms given to him 
in 1546: arg. on a fess between 3 balls' heads erased sa., armed and 
ringed at the nose or, a fret between two birds ( ? doves) of the field. 
His children, John and others, dying without issue, the arms were 
conferred upon William Knight, of Abthorpe, his brother and heir, 
whose eldest son Richard settled at Timsbury, Hants, and had (with 
other children), Andrew Knight, of Timsbury, whose eldest son was 
Andrew Knight, of Timsbury, living in 1623. I do not know whether 
Isaac Knight, mayor of Romsey in 1686, may have been one of this 
family. 

Others of them remained at Slapton and Abthorpe. William 
Knighte of the latter place was living 1609. In 1 1 Charles i. Thomas 
Knight claimed right of pasturage at Slapton. In 1640, Anthony 
Knight left J^^ to the poor of that place. Thomas Knight (b. 1636, 
ob. 1723) left 30s. yearly to educate children. To Simon Knight, 
his grandson (b. 1700, ob. 1776}, a surgeon in Rugby and owner of 



Society for Debtors. 255 

an estate in Slapton, my great-grandfather, James Knight Moor, 
erected a monument now in the chancel. He left his land to John 
Knighti wbo was probably living in 179 1, when Bridges wrote his 
history. I am anxioas to know how to connect these latter members 
of the family with the earlier ones mentioned in the pedigree. I 
have seen Baker's and Bridges' histories, and have imperfect extracts 
from the Slapton registers. The registers of Abthorpe I have not 
seen, nor have I entered Abthorpe church to copy any possible 
inscriptions. Among the wills mentioned in Mr. Phillimore's list are 
those of John Knight, of Slapton, 1545-8 5 Mary Knight, widow, of 
Slapton, 1549-87; Nicholas Knight, of Abthorpe, 1560-65 Edward 
Knight, of Slapton, 1560-65 Joan Knight, of Abthorpe, 1578-895 
Thomas Knight, of Norton, 1604-12 3 John Knight, of Abthorpe, 
16225 John Knight, of Slapton, 16165 Alice Knight, of Towcester, 
161 8 5 William Knight, of Abthorpe, 1640. These are at North- 
ampton, but I have not the opportunity of going there to consult 
them. Very grateful should 1 be for any assistance in the exploration 
of this obscure by-path of history. Mr. T. Shepard's help I 
gladly acknowledge. 

J5,Montpelier Square, S.W, C. MooR, M.A. 

537. — Society for Debtors. — In the year 1771 a «ermoa 
was preached at Charlotte street chapel, Pimlico, on behalf of debtors 
imprisoned for small amounts, and in the following year the '' Society 
for the Discharge and Relief of Persons Imprisoned for Small Debts" 
was fairly started, the earl of Komney being the president, and Mr. 
James Neild the treasurer. This society collected a considerable 
sum of money, which was invested, and the proceeds distributed 
amongst small debtors, to enable them to pay their creditors and 
obtain their liberty. The following was the form of providure : — 

When a person imprisoned for debt was admitted into one of the 
prisons or houses of correction, he received free from the gaoler a 
printed application which he filled up, and forwarded to the secretary 
of the society, and, if the society considered it necessary, a note was 
sent to the piaintifE or person who imprisoned the debtor, asking if 
the debt was honestly contracted. In case the enquiries proved 
satisfactory to the society, a composition for the debt was offered to 
the plaintiff, and if accepted it was paid to him 5 the gaol fees were 
also paid, and the debtor set at liberty ; and he generally received a 
small donation to relieve his family. Female debtors were as eligible 
as male ones to receive this aid. 

The society gave assistance to the poor debtors at Northampton 5 
but there were never very many debtors in this gaol, thus in 1773, 

34 * 



256 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

when the gaol was visited, there were only nine debtors ; next year 
only six; in 1801 there were ten debtors; and in 1808 only cue 
debtor remained. From Neild's account of his visits to the various 
gaols throughout the kingdom in 180 1, we extract the following : — 

" NORTHAMPTON, County^Gaol. 
Gaoler, J. Wright. 

Salary, 170/. for Goal and Bridewell. 

Fees, i3i. 4/f. 

Garnish, 25. 6d. by authority of the magistrates. 
Chaplain, Rev. Edward Miller. 

Duty, Prayers twice a week, and a Sermon every Sunday. 

Salary, 40/. 
Surgeon, Mr. Hardin j Salary, 26I. 

Number of Debtors j 'Jo., August. 8 lo 

( 1802, Jan. 31, 10 

Allowance to Debtors, none whatever. 

" REMARKS. 
One court-yard for men and women debtors, 17 yards by 14. 
Three bed-rooms, 23 feet by 14; and a smaller room for women. 
Common-side debtors have straw beds, a sheet, and a rug. 

Master's side debtors pay for a room and bed 2s. per week. 

All Prisoners must attend Divine Service^ unless prevented by 
illness. 

No work furnished by the County now. In some of the rooms I 
saw work in the looms half finished; the expence exceeding the 
profits caused the County to discontinue it. 

" NORTHAMPTON, Town Goal. 
Gaoler, Robert Roberts (who is likewise a SherifTs Officer.) 

Salary, 10/. 

Fees ', 10s. 6d. on commitment ; 135. 4d. on discharge. 

Garnish. None. 
Chaplain, Rev. 3^ohn Stoddart; performs divine service oc- 
casionally, without a stipend. 
Surgeon, Mr. Blissard ; makes a bill. 

Number of Debtors, 1802, Feb. 15, o 

Allowance. None. 

"REMARKS. 
No court-yard ; only one room, 6 yards by 5, with the necessary 
in one corner. No water; no employment. The Town allows to 



% 



Lord Mayors of London, 257 

poor debtors a bedstead and straw. Master Vside debtors pay 21. 
per week each for a bed. 

Debtors are obliged to attend divine service. No firing allowed 
by the town." 

All imprisonment for debt has now been abolished. It is true 
that in some sort it still exists^ as every competent court has power to 
commit a debtor — who may reasonably be supposed to be able to pay 
if he would — to gaol for terms varying from a few days to six weeks j 
not for the debt itself, but really for a contempt in not paying when 
the debtor could pay if he wished. And this imprisonment does not 
discharge the debt. 

On the 3rd March^ 1888, an application was made to Mr. Justice 
Chitty in the Chancery Division of the High Court for permission to 
distribute the surplus revenue for the year 1887, amounting to about 
;^400o, amongst some hundred and seven charitable institutions 
situate in various parts of the kingdom, the donations being appor- 
tioned in sums varying from thirty pounds to five pounds each. 
This scheme was approved of by Mr. Justice Chitty, and the 
donations were accordingly paid by the treasurer of the society. 

C. A. Markham. 

538, — GoRHAM Family (343). — The two following entries 
from Nassington parish registers I overlooked in my MS. notes : — 
1630 Jeffrey Shred and Elizabeth Gorham^ married 2 Oct. 

1661 Anne Gorham, widow, buried April 2. 

Stamford. J- S. 

539. — Lord Mayors op London who were Natives of 
Northamptonshire. Sir Robert Clayton (358). — Since my 
first note on the above I have seen Mr. Leveson Gower's pamphlet 
on Bletchingley manor and church,* from which I have gained the 
following additional information : — 

On p. 12 Mr. Gower states that he found a signature of his 
amongst the Loseley MSS., under date 15 July, 1648, in which he 
spells his name " Cleton." 

The copy of the entry of his burial in the Bletchingley church 
register is given on p. 39 as : 
1707. Sir Robert Clayton, Kt. was buried July 25. 

The Clayton arms appear twice in the church — on the monument 
and in the s. window of the s. chancel. They are given on pp. 3 1 

* Bhtchingly Manor and Churohy by Granville Leveson Qower, Esq., F.S.A. 

London, 1871. 



258 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

and 39 as follows : — Argent a cross sable between four pellets, for 
Clayton ; impaling paly of six or and gules on a canton argent, a bear 
rampant, sable, for Trott.* 

I have recently become possessed of a pamphlet of 59 pp., 
quarto, consisting of a sermon preached by the Rev. Dr. Stillingfleet,t 
before Sir Robert Clayton during his mayoralty. The title-page is as 
follows : — 

The Mischief of Separation. A Sermon Preached at GKiild-Hall Chappel, 

May n. mdolzxx. Being the First Sunday in Easter-Term, Before 

the Lord Mayor, &o. By Edw. StilUngfleet, D.D. Dean of St. Panics, 

and Chaplain in Ordinary to EQs Majesty. 

LovDov, Printed for Heorj Mortlook, at the PhoBiiiz in St. Paol'i Charoli-jArd, and at tb« 

Wkit« Hart in WMtminater HalL 1680. 

Facing the title-page the following notice is printed: — 

"Clayton Mayor. Martis quarto die Mai j 1680. Annoq Regis 
Caroli Secundi, Anglise, &c. xxxii. This court dotb earnestly desire 
the Reverend Dr. Stillingfleet, Dean of St. Pauls to Print bis Sermon 
Preached at the Guild- Hall Chappel on Sunday morning last, with 
what further be had prepared to deliver at that time. Wagstaffl" 

In the words of the National Cyclopaedia, vol. xi.y col. 47 1 : " This 
sermon consisted of a violent attack on the Nonconformists, which 
was little expected from the author of the * Irenicum.' The sermon 
was replied to by Owen, Baxter, Howe, and other eminent Noncon- 
formists. Stillingfleet replied to his opponents in a large quarto 
volume, entitled The Unreasonableness of Separation, 1681, in which 
he traces the history of Nonconformity; and Baxter rejoined in A 
second true Defence of the mere Nonconformists, against the untrue 
Accusations, Reasonings, and History of Dr. Edward SiHUngJleet, 
168 1, to which the Dean made no reply. 

In the sale of the library of the late Mr. J. E. Bailey of Man- 
chester, author of the life of Quaint Tom Fuller, was a very fine copy 
of Ashmole's Institutions of the Order of Ihe Garter, 1672, having 
two plates not mentioned by Lowndes, with armorial bookplate of 
** Sr Robert Clayton, of the City of London, Knight, Alderman, & 

« Clayton married a Miss Trott. 

t Dr. Edward Stillingfleet is chiefly renowned as a polemical writer. He 
was dean of St. Paul's, and afterwards bishop of Worcester (JL689-1699). He 
died of gout in Doke street, Westminster, 27 March, 1699, and is buried in 
the main transept of Worcester cathedral, where a mural monument by 
Boubilliac marks his resting-place. Dr. Stillingfleet preached before Lord 
Mayors. on two other occasions— Sept. 21, 1673, at Guildhall chapel; and 
April 12, 1681, at St. Sepulchre's (Spital Sermon). 



Families of Shephard, Mantell, &c. 359 

Mayor thereof. An* 16795" also an autograph inscription, "Robt 
Clayton, ex dono Autboris,*' and an additional engraving in mezzotint 
of Sir Robert Clayton, by John Smith. 

John T. Paob. 

540. — Rbstoration of Peterborough Cathedral, 1734 
(498). — Copy of entry from Auditt Book of Dean and Chapter of 
Peterborough Cathedral. 

June 17, 1734. Agreed, that the Quire be completed, according to 
the plans and Estimates ; given in by Mr. Wright our surveyor : 
and ;f5oo be laid out thereon 

Agreed, when the quire is completed ; a proper place be prepared for 
the reading of the six o'clock prayers. 

This chapter order on June 17, 1734, called out the letter of Bp. 
Robt. Clavering, June 19, the second day afterwards. This was 
Dean Fletcher's restoration, which, however "well intended,'* did 
more destruction in the interior of the church than all damage of the 
Civil War period. The above-mentioned Mr. Wright, of Castor, 
seems to have been some country carpenter. 

Peterborough. J. T. I. 

541. — Families of Shbphard, Mantbll, Abbot, Stilooe, 
AND Newman. — It may interest those who are enquiring about the 
families of Shephard and Mantell to know that the Shephards inter- 
married into my mother's family — the Stilgoes of Blakesley and 
Maidford, and that Mantell or Mauntell of Heyford is mentioned in 
Ye boke of Purston Mede thus as " Lord of Farthinghoe.'* 

Mauntell hath one mark or notch 
My Lord Grey hath the shield 
Harrenton hath the wilde worme 
Newnam (or Newman) hath the sword 
Chacomb hath the hedlesse crosse 
St. Johan hath the holy cross 
Cresswell bath the round hole 
Petyver hath two notches 

Stilgoe of Blakesley and Deddington bears arms — argent, chevron 
gules between three cutlasses all proper. Crest — a dexter arm bearing 
a cutlass proper. Motto — " Malo mori quam foedari." 

Mauntell. 
Sir Walter Mauntell of Heyford married Elizabeth, daughter and 
co-heiress of John Abbot, Esq., of Farthinghoe, with whom he 
doubtless obtained the manor, as their son John Mauntell died seized 
of it in 18 Henry vii. 



a6o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



In 7 Henry vi. (1429) John Barton Seymour and others levied a 
fine of the manor of Famingho (sic) to John Abbot, Esq. Hatt. 
MSS., Fin. Hill, 7 Henry vi. 

Thomas Newman of Towcester married Bridget Abbot of Far- 
thingho and by will dated 1583 makes Thomas Abbott of Farthinghoe 
and others, overseers of his will. 

Looghborough. A. S. Nbwmah. 

542. — Mayor's Choicb, Northampton : Dinner Bill. — 
The following is a copy of the receipted account of Mr. Francis 
Osbom, landlord of the Peacock inn, Market square, Northampton, 
tor the dinner, etc., supplied by him at the choosing of the major of 
the Borough in 1793. Mr. Francis Osbom was himself major io 
1798; his son-in-law, Mr. George Osborne was mayor in 1823 ; and 
Mr. Thomas Osbom, son of the last-named, held the office in 1865. 
Mr. Thomas Osborn*s paternal grandfather, George Osbom, was 
mayor in 1 799. 

'•'793 
August 8 Mr Jemeriah Briggs Gen* Mayor Elect 

Mr. Francs Shaw & Mr. Timothy Chapman Gent* Bailiffs 

£ s. d. 
34 Ordinarys at 1/6 
26 D* Mayor Servt Musick &c at 1/ . 
xo Doz Port Wine at a^s. 
7 Doz Lisbon at a4s. .... 
2 Gallons i Qt Brandy . 
2 Gallons 3 Qt' Rum .... 
Arrack ..... 
31 Gallons Porter i8i Gallons Ale & Table Beer 
Teas & Coffee .... 
Suppers ..... 

4 Packs Cards .... 
Taking Down Beds & Building Musick Stage 
Glasses Broke &c . . • ' . 

Serv^ in the House .... 



a II 




I 6 




la 




8 8 




I 16 




I 13 




3 




4 19 




5 5 




7 10 




H 




I I 




10 


6 


10 


6 



Set* 21 Aug 1793 

F. OSBORN." 



A8 7 o 



The following particulars we extract from the Northampton 
Mercury of August 10, 1793 : — 

" On Thursday last came on the annual election of Magistrates of 
this Corporation, when Mr. Brown, baker; Mr. Edge, druggist | 
Mr. John Hopkins, innholder; Mr. HoUis, baker; and Mr. 



The Washington Monument. 261 

Chambers, malster, were nominated to the office of mayor, and Mr. 
Wm, Dunkley, butcher, to that of one of the bailiffs for the ensuing 
year ; but each of them paid the usual fine to be excused serving : — 
Mr. Jeremiah Briggs, innholder, was then elected Mayor; and Mr. 
Timothy Cha))man, collar-maker, and Mr. Francis Shaw, coach- 
master, were chosen Bailiffs for the ensuing year. — After which an 
elegant entertainment was given at the Peacock inn on the occasion, 
and a ball in the evening." j rr, 

543. — The Washington Monument ih Suloravb Church. 
— The village of Sulgrave has for many years been a place attractive 
to American tourists, in consequence of having been at one time the 
home of a branch of the Washington family, of some branch of 
which the illustrious George Washington, the first president of the 
United States, was a member. It has been boldly stated that he was 
descended from this branch, but this statement arose from a curious 
mistake. In the church is a grey slab of Hornton stone, on which 
is the headless efiigy of Laurence Washington, and the incision for 
Amee his wife. Above them, in the centre, is a shield of the 
Washington arms; below the figure and incision is the inscription; 
and below that a group of four sons, and another of seven daughters. 
During the last summer these two groups were stolen, and the fact 
has been noticed in many London and provincial newspapers. The 
melancholy fact has been brought to light that during even the last 
few years— from various causes — numerous brasses have disappeared 
— very often under the effect of " restoration." Of the six plates of 
brass formerly existing on the slab, the wife and the head of the 
husband had long ago been abstracted. Hudson, in his Brasses of 
Northamptonshire, published in 1853, by mistake omitted the shield, 
which still exists. Fortunately, many persons have rubbings of the 
whole monument as it existed in recent years. In this number of 
*' N. N. & Q." is given a plate of the monument, photo-lithographed 
from a tracing made from a rubbing, so that the accuracy is 
established. The plates of brass are thinner than usual in early 
monuments. 

The first of the family nlentioned in the pedigree given in Baker's 
History of the County, vul. i. p. J13, was John Washington, of 
Whitfield, in Lancashire. His great-grandson was Laurence Wash- 
ington, who was mayor of Northampton in 153a and 1545, and one 
of the original trustees of the Northampton Free Grammar School 
named in Thomas Chipsey*s deed of foundation, 1541, \o whom 
in 1538-9 the manor of Sulgrave, with lands lately belonging 

3j 



262 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

to the dissolved priories of St. Andrew, Northampton, Canon*s 
Ashby, and Catesby, were granted by the king. He died in 1583-4, 
leaving Robert his son and heir. Lawrence is described as of 
Northampton and Grays Inn, esq., and it is stated that be was a 
wealthy wool-merchant. His first wife was Elizabeth, the widow of 
William Gough, of Northampton. She died without issue, and he 
married secondly Amee, daughter of Robert Pargiter, of Greatworth. 
An account of the Washingtons and some of their alliances w^as 
given in " N. N. & Q.," vol. i. p. 145. Lawrence Washington, or 
his son Robert, built a house at Sulgrave, and some account of this 
is given in " N. N. & Q.,** vol. i. p. 189. 

On the spandrils of the arch over the main entrance to the house 
are the family arms. This house was in later times used as a farm- 
house J and from the hall, which was afterwards used as a kitchen, 
were taken the coats of arms in glass described in the article 
above mentioned. The slab on which the brasses are, or once were, 
is 6ft. Joins, by 2ft. pins. ; in the plate it is shortened in the lower 
part. The ef^gy of Lawrence Washington was, when complete, 
about I ft. yins. high, and that of the wife somewhat less. He is 
draped in a loose gown or overcoat, open in front, with pendant sleeves, 
bordered with fur, under which he wears a frock coat, fastened up 
to the throat, and confined by a girdle. The hands are in the attitude 
of prayer. The shoes are of the broad -toed form common at this 
period. The costume and workmanship are almost identical with 
the brass c^gy of John Dryden, of and at Canons Ashby, who died 
in 1584. The inscription is as follows: — 

^tre l^ti\ hnntti 2' bobQS of ^anrenct JEHass^tnglo Cent & %mst ^ 

fogf bg b^omc ^e ^ab bsse iij 8on0 & bij bang^ts b* lanrcnce ^geb ^ bag of 

an*" 15 & ^nue ^masscb i^t b^ of Adobtr vaC* $ni 1564. 

It is evident that the husband put down the monument after his 
wife's decease in 1564, and left space for the date of his own death, 
which occurred in 1583-4, but was not recorded on the brass by bis 
successor. On this^ as on some other monuments to a man and 
wife, the word " lyeth '* is applied to the bodies of the two persons. 
The four sons are dressed in frock coats, knee breeches, hose and 
broad- toed shoes, and each has at his side a gipciere suspended by a 
girdle. The tallest is 6J inches high. The daughters are in long 
gowns confined by girdles, and in close-fitting caps. The tallest is 6^ 
inches high. Above the main figures is a shield of the family arms, 
and it is remarkable that no second shield containing the wife's arms 



The Bucknell Family of Crick. 263 

is or was on the slab. This has beea enamelled. The arms of 
Washington are : — Argent, 2 bars gules, and in chief three mullets of 
the second. This, in ordinary English means a white shield, crossed 
with two red stripes, and towards the top three red stars, or rather, 
spur rowels. This coat of arms^ borne by the Waahingtons who 
emigrated to America, was the origin of " The Stars and Stripes,*' the 
national flag. The crest is a raven with wings indorsed proper, 
issuing out of a ducal coronet, Or ; but no crest is engraved on the 
monument. 

See the Academy of Oct. 26, 1889, for review of a pamphlet on 
the Washington family, published in America, by H. F. Waters. 

CanoDS Ashby. H. D. 

544, — ^The Bucknell (or Bucknall) Family of Crick. — I 
am much in want of information upon the following points (especially 
no. 4), and shall feel grateful to any of your correspondents who 
will furnish me therewith, either through the "N. N. & Q." or 
direct. 

1. A pedigree of this family, continued from that in the 
Visitation of Northamptonshire, 1618-19, to the present time. 

2. A list of all the Bucknell, Bucknall, and Bucknill entries in 
the parish registers of Crick. 

3. Where in Crick did the Bucknells live, and are their 
dwelling-houses still extant ? Were they not the lords of the manor 
for a time ? 

4. Any biographical particulars of Mrs. John Bucknell (nee 
Bagnall), afterwards Mrs. Henry Firebrass; where and when born 
and baptized, where and when married to John Bucknell and to 
H. Firebrass, where and when died. (She is buried in Crick church, 
and a brass plate with inscription to her memory is in the floor of the 
nave.) 

5. Any further biographical particulars of the Bucknell family. 

6. How many manors were there in the parish of Crick, a.d. 
1540 to 1800? 

7. Where are the court rolls of each manor now for that period ? 

8. How many manor houses were there in the village of Crick, 
A.D. 1540 to 1800, and where were they situated? Are they still 
extant ? 

9. Are there any ground plans of Crick showing the houses and 
fields during this period, and where are they to be seen now ? 

20, Emperor*! Gate, London, S.W. C. Masok. 

35^ 



264 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

545. — Mbdijeyal Church Notes (518). — "Elton" is the 
compiler's blunder for " £ttoo,'* near Helpstone and Maxey. Etton is 
the church where this curious bit of black marble is seen inserted in 
the door jamb, and it seems to form the consecration cross. Its 
date is of the Decorated period. 

On the west wall of the cburchjard lies (but broken into two 
pieces and used as coping) what appears to have been the monumental 
slab, covering the body of an abbot or prior. It is of great thickness 
and must be of very early date. The only ornament is a pastoral 
staff of the simplest form lying diagonally across it. No inscription 
can be seen nor does any known record refer to such interment 
at this place. As the interior of the church is very bare, and there is 
abundant space not required, it would be well to have had it 
removed into the building fop preservation. J. T. I. 

546.— Warrant Book, Guilsborough Hundrbd. — Extracts 
from a Manuscript Book of Warrants directed by the Magistrates 
of Northamptonshire chiefly to the High Constables of the Hundred 
of Guilsborough, in the Reigns of Quean Anne and George i. 

Warrt to Imp^ss a Tea me to convey sondrie Carriages. 

Northtons : To the Constables of Wilby & each of them These 
are in her Maj*^ to Charge & Command you on sight hereof to Jmp^ 
yo' s^ Towne a Waggon w*** a sufficient Team & horses to be att the 
old Swann in Well . g . h by 5 of ye clock to-morro" moming^ 
to convey the Carriages belonging to a Troope of her Maj*** horse in 
Gen" Lumleys Reg* from Well afores** to Lutterworth in the County 
of Leic Given und' my hand and scale this 9th day of April, 17 14. 

Rainsford. 

Tho : Martyn ociiij Anno R»» The Trear of ye East Division to 
pay 20' more than the Queenes pay p cur Horton 

An Acc^ of ye Constables charges of Wilby for Queenes 
Carriages ffor hyreing a Waggon and a Teame of horses to convey 
the Queens Carriages fr Welliugbrow to Lutterworth being ao miles 
and three days Journey from Saturday to Monday. 

Note this Bill was annexed to the above Warr^ 

James Palmer Constable. 

Warr* to High Constables from Comm" of the Land Tax concerning 

ye assessing the Tax. 

Northtons : To the High Constables of ye Hund' of Guilsborough 

and to each of them. These are in his Maj^ name to require yon on 

sight hereof to issue out yo' gen" Warr^ to all the sev** petty constables 



Warrant Book^ Guilsborough Hundred, 265 

within yo' hund'ds Thereby requireing them and every and each of 
y™ to sammoas and warn two or more Substantial! Inhitants of theire 
and every of their pshes Villages or Hamletts to be and appeare 
before his Majt»«" Commission'^ of ye Land Tax att the signe of ye 
Globe in Dodford vpon Tuesday being the i6th day of this Jnstant 
Augt by tenn of the clock in the forenoon to take upon them to be 
assess*^ & to assess the s^ Land Tax and to observe what other charge 
there shall be given to them by the s** Comx«. Therefore faile not 
att your perill Given undr our hands and scales this 
day of Anno Dni 17 15 

To search for stolen goods. 
N : sh. To the Constables of Kettering, Broughton, Cranes! y or 
any o' Const, within this County. Complaint made by Jo» Baxter 
Milliner of Brigstock that he had on the 19th of this instant Dec' one 
box of Lace stolen from his Stall in Kettering fair of ye value of 40* 
2oth Dec' 1717. J.Robinson. 

Warr^ or Summons for withholding small Tythes under the value of 

40s. 

Warrant to the Constable or Thirdb of Guilsborough to bring W" 
Marson and Ed. Tomlinson before the Justices at the Swan in 
Dodford to be examined touching their last legal settlement they 
having lately come to ye s** Towne endeavouring to gaine a 
settlement therein contrary to law. Thornton. 

Warrant of committm^ against W" Wills al' Willis Overseer of the 
Poor of Guilsborb' for disobeying Justices' Order. Recites 
Order made for relief of Humple Gardner a poor bed-ridden 
person and Mary Cave and her sick children which Orders were 
delivered to W" Wills who refused to obey and being required 
to appear before the Justices to show cause of refusal hath given 
out divers reflecting speeches against his Maj^ Justices and 
doth stand now in contempt. Therefore he is to be delivered to 
the Keeper of H.M.'s Gaol for the County until he shall find 
good sureties for his appearance at the next Quarter Sessions. 

Warrt sur Breve de Quare Impedit. Thomas Gery Clerk. 16 Octo« 

ber 1718. 

The above named Bpp (i.e. W"» Ash) Dyed 8th Octobr 1718 The 
above p'cept was affixed on y* south door of the Church of Guils* 
borough by Lucas ye Bayliff Satturday i8th Octob (w*^ was lo- 
dayes aft' Bw* death in ye p'sence of ye Ch. Ward" And ye 
Contents of ye Writt were read ye next day (being Sunday) in ye 



266 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Church by ye s^ Bayliff immediately after ye Psalm before sermon 
was sung. Note the writt was served ou ye Bpp before be dyed as 
Mr. Chap" told me. 

A writ called a poue was brought to ye Und' SberriflF of this county 

by Mr. Harvey in March 17 18 and a return thereof made. The 

poue is the first pcess in Quare Impedit 1^ cap 3rd alias 4th 

plures distringas 5 Magna Districto or Grand distress. 

If the Incumbent (as Mr. Gery for instance) don't appear till ye 

alias & plures distring, bis goods being in or ab^ parsonage or Viccar- 

idge house &c. may be distrained on to com pell him to appear Mr. 

G. having w" ye alias plures dist' came out noe person*^ Estate soe 

the Sheriff couM not (by Mr. Danver*s opinion) distraine on Mr. 

Collis who then lived in ye Viccridge house. Mr. G. app* to plures 

distr : Note he might have staid to ye Grand distr : but must then 

app' or Judgm* wou*d be obtained ags* the Incumbent (as Mr. Gery). 

Warrant to bring in Assessm^ for the Land Tax. 

An Order of two Justices for removeing Jo» Chester from Willough- 
by Com. Warr : to Guilsborougb Com. Northton. 

The Case. 
Jo" Jellis de Guilsborougb 16 Octob' 1717 hired ye afore named 
Chester untill ye next Michmas & noe longer Yett adjudged a 
Settlemt att G. p ye ord' of two justices. Warrant shows that J 
Chester lived a hired servant with Jo" Jellis for one year at 3* 5* 
wages J. Shukburgh S. Wade 

Notice of appeal against an Order of two Justices for removal of 
two persons from Coton into Guilsborougb W" Pell Church- 
warden of Guilsboro* & Nortoft. Sam* Weedon Jo" Sturman 
Overseers of the Poor. 
Warrant to the Constables or Thirdbo»« of Guilsborougb against Jo* 
Gillett als Guillet for climbing the Trees of Jo" Ward Esq in 
his Rookery and injuring them by breaking the branches or 
teareing the barke — also for stealing or taking the young crows, 
aoth April 1725. 

547. — Mantell Family of Heyford (436, 478, 524). — ^The 
following notes relating to Walter Mantel! (or Mantle) may be 
interesting to Mr. Crawley : — 

On Sept. II, 1600, a licence was issued in Canterbury for a 
marriage '* inter Walteru' Mantle de Hortou Monachoru* gent et 
Catherina' Turney," of St. Duustan's, near Canterbury. The 
marriage^ I find, on referring to my (privately printed) Registers of 



Mantell Family of Heyford. 267 

St. Dunstan*s, was solemnized at this church on the i6th of the 
same month, the entry being : — " Water Mantill, Gent., & Katberine 
Turney were married." 

I may add that on Feb. 13, i J74-5, a licence was granted for the 
marriage of John Brighte and Maria Mantell, and " John Bright and 
. Mary Mantle " were married at St. Dunstan*s on the following day. 

The reference given by Mr. Crawley on pp. 137, 227, should be 
435, not 346. On p. 137, for " Ashbourne," read " Ashford." 

Canterburj. J* M. Cowfbr. 

In Tanner's Notitia Monastica, under Bileigh, near Maldon, co. 
Essex (vi.), is the following: — ''Robert Mantell in 1180 built a 
monastery to the honor of St. Nicholas.*' From the same work, 
under Monk's Horton, co. Kent (xxx) : — " Cluniac cell to the priory of 
I^wes (co. Sussex.) The site was granted 30 Henry 8 to Richard 
Tate, and after to . . . (Walter) Mantell." 

In Fuller's fForthies, under Essex (341), are mentioned : — 

Sheriffs, 16 Hen. 11. for 12 years Rob. Mantellus 

6 John (for 4 yrs.) . Math. Mantell Com. 

10 „ . . . . loh. Mantell 

16 „ . . . . Math. Mantell & Galf. 

17 „ . . . . Rob. Mantell fr. & H. 

Matheus Mantell. 
4 Henry iii. . Rob. Mantell 

From this I should conclude that there was a family of this name of 
some importance in Essex as tarly as the reign of Henry 11. Can 
anyone who is well up in the history of Essex tell me whether there 
is any reason to suppose that these Mantells were connected with 
the Northamptonshire family of the name. Bridges, in his History 
(if Northamptonshire,yo\,\. p. ^20, Tuentions Michael Mauntell, who in 
the reign of Hen. 11. was certified to bold six small virgates in a part 
of Rode called Somershale, of the fee of William Peverell of Higham 
(MS. Cott. Vesp. E. xxii.). Robert Mauntell held these in the 9*^ 
year of Edw. 11., who was found to be Lord of Rode (Nom. VilJar, 
&c.). I should like to find out whether the Mantells came over 
with William the Conqueror, and in what capacity. 

In Phillimore's List of Norfhamptonshire and Rut/and Wills^ 
p. 27, in Book E. (1531-38), is given: "Mantell Robert: 
Wellingborough." Can anyone tell me anything of him ? 

From the Bristol Mercury, Saturday, August 18, 1821, under 
deaths : — " James Mantell, Esq., of Westover House, Bitton." 



268 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

From the Standard, Jan. 9, 1889 : — " Mantell — Bucholz. — Not. 
a8, at St. Paul's Pro-Cathedral, Wellington, New Zealand, by the 
Rev. Mr. Still, Walter G. Mantell, only son of the Hon. W. B. D. 
Mantell, M.L.C., to Catherine Bucholz." 

From Miscellanea Genealogia et Htraldica, second series, vol. i. 
April, 1885, P- »45 :~" Alfred A. Mantell, Esq., M.D., Bengal Army. 
Eldest s. of F. R. Mantell, Esq., of Bitton, Gloster. married, 4 Oct., 
1866, Sarah Louisa Osburne, 3rd dan. and coh. of Lieut. Colonel John 
Thornburgh Osburne, Lieut. Col. 1st Enr. Regt. Bombay Army, who 
married Anna Elizabeth Knightley (b. 1803), 9th dau. of Revd. 
Thomas Knightley, LL.B., Rector of Charwelton, co. Northants." 

When I first asked for information of the Mantell family I 
believed that it became extinct in 1885 i" ^^^ person of Dean Mantell, 
of Stamford. Since then I have seen pedigrees of the name in 
Berry's printed pedigrees for Kent and Sussex to circa 1 829 ; and 
the above notices of Mantells in this century go to prove that I was 
quite in error. I think there must be Mantells in Lewes, co. Sussex, 
descended from Sir Walter, to whom these notes ought to be of 
interest, and who may know something more of this ancient family. 

Nether Heyford, H. H. Crawlbt. 

548. — John Hampden at Northampton. — Among the Stowe 
collection of MSS. (301), which came into the British Museum 
from the Ashburnham Library, are three original letters from John 
Hampden, two of them are written to Sir William Andrewes, of 
Lathbury, in Buckinghamshire, in 1630 and 1633 — then a tenant of 
John Hampden's, and afterwards one of the Deputy-lieutenants for 
that County under the Parliament. The third, written by Hampden 
as an encouragement to the army upon their march, is as follows : — 

*' To my noble friends Colonel Bulstrod, Captain Grenfield, Captain 
West, or any of them. 
Gentlemen The army is now at North Hampton, moving euerj 
day nearer to you : if you disband not wee may bee a mutuall succour 
each to other, but if you disperse you make yourselues & yr country 
a pray. You shall hear daily fro Yr seruant 

North Hampt Octob 31 " [164a]. J'' Hampden. 

The above was forwarded with the following letter : — 

*• ffor Coll : Bulstrode, Cap*. Grenvile, Cap*. Tyrrill and Capt. West 
or any of them. 
I wrote this inclosed letter yesterday, and thought it would have 
come to yo^: then -, but the Messenger had occasion to stay till this 



^ohn Hampden at Northampton, 269 

morning. Wee canot be ready to march till to morrow 5 and then^ 
I beleeve, wee shall. I desire 70": will be pleased to send to mee 
againe, assoone as jo^i can to the Array, that wee may know what 
posture yo^: are in, and then yo«: will heare wch way wee go. You 
shall do mee a favo' to certify mee what yo": heare of the Kings 
forces ', for 1 beleeve yo' intelligence is better from Oxford and those 
parts then ours can be. Yo^ humble servant, 

Northton: Novemb: i«: 1642.- J^ Hampden. 

Sir Richard Knightley,* of Fawsley, was Hampden's son-in-law; 
and meetings of the "malcontents" before the war were held at 
Fawsley. When the war was resolved upon Hampden conducted the 
correspondence in forming the union of the six Associated Midland 
Counties of Bucks, Hertford, Bedford, Huntingdon, Cambridge, and 
Northampton. Many of Hampden's letters appear in Lord Nugent's 
Memorials of John Hampden, London, 1832. J* T. 

The original authority for the statement about the meetings of 
the " malcontents " at Fawsley is to be found in a rare little tract at the 
British Museum (105 c. 20), called: Persecutio Undecima, The Chvrches 
Eleventh, Persecution. Or, A Brief e of the Pvritan Persecvtion of the 
Protestant Clergy of the Church of England: More particularly 
within the City of London. Begun in Parliament, Ann, Dom, 1641. 
(" Written by Mr. Chestlin (?) " — this is written in the copy at the 
British Museum — " Reprinted By Charles Hamond, a Loial indigent 
Officer.") Printed in the Yeare 1648. ("Reprinted at London, 
1682," is also written at the foot of the title-page.) Chap. vii. pp. 
SS'5^ : — " Mr. Hamden went yearely into Scotland, as I have heard 
some of his Neighbours in Buckinghamshire say; they had their 
Counsell Tables, sitting in several parts of the Kingdom, [Knightlys 
house in Northamton shire, Lord Sayes house, wherein was a roome 
and passage, which bis servants were prohibited to come, neare, 
where great noises and talkings have been heard to the admiration of 
some who lived in the house, yet could never discerne their Lords 
Companions]." See also Wood's Athena Oxon,, vol. ii. p. 178. 

Fawsley. LouiSA M. Kniohtlet. 

549. — Tolls and Unjust Customs op Northamptonshire. 
— I shall be much obliged to any of your readers who may be 
able to identify for me the places mentioned in a case (which will 
appear in the Selden Society's next volume of Pleas from the .Coram 

* The grandmothers of Lord Saye and Sele and Mr. Knightley — (father of 
Sir Richard Knightley)— were aiatera — daughters of Biohard Fermonr, of 
Easton Neston. 



270 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Rege Rolls of the reign of John,) in which the Burgesses of North- 
ampton complain that the Abbot " de Torenn" unjustly took fron» 
them toll and unjust customs in his fair of Wudestowe, (which also 
appears on the roll in the forms Wdestoii and WdetoB,) and of 
Jakesle, (which also appears as Jukesl, Jakef, and Jakt). We 
are told that the ''Abbot's dentesne pertains to Jakesle." 

P. £x>WARO DOTB, 
28, Okl Buildhig% linooln't Inn. Hon, Seo. Selden Sooioij, 

550. — Glimpses of Old Northampton : Its Signs (491, S^^' 
— In this number we finish^ as far as possible, the signs which were 
used on the Market Square and in Mercers' Row. The position of the 
Spread Eagle and the (rolden Ball we have not been able to define. 
We commence with these, however, continuing in order on the west 
side of the square from the Shoulder of Mutton, a notice of which 
has already appeared. Thomas Perceval, was a licensed victualler on 
this side, but the sign does not appear. 

The Spread Eagle. 

The frequency of eagles in heraldy made them very common 00 
signboards. The Spread Eagle, or the Black Spread Eagle, was the 
sign of more than one of the early printers and booksellers of the 
sixteenth century. From The History of Signboards we learn 
that Milton's father, a scrivener by trade, lived in Bread Street, Cheap* 
side^ at the sign of the Spread Eagle, which was his own coat of 
arms, and in this house the great author of Paradise Lost was 
born, December 9th, 1608. Perhaps its memory is preserved in 
Black Spread Eagle Court which is the name of a passage in that 
locality. 

The first local reference to this sign is contained in the following 
advertisement from the Mercury of March 20th, 1 720 : — 

Thill 18 to give Notice, that Dr. Walpole of Ecton, in the County of 
Northampton, Rupture-Master, Infallibly cures both Men, Women and 
Children, and is the Finisher of abundance of Cures, after a Sort of impu- 
dent Pick-pockets, who call themselves Truss-Makers : Witness the Numbers 
that I have cured in all the Countries round : And if any Person doubts of a 
Cure, I will give them a Bond to perform it. N.B. I am to be spoke with 
•very Saturday at the Spread Eagle, on the Market-Hill, in Northampton- 
Just a year later the sign was apparently the Black Spread Eagle, 
an advertisement reading : 

John Balderson at the black spread Eagle on the Market Hill in 
Northampton, makes and sells an Instrument call*d the New Italian 
Weather-Glass, much more exact than what is commonly made. It consists 
of 2 Glasses fixt in one Frame, the Barometer and the Thermometer. The 
Barometer is prepar'd to tell what Weather happens 24 hours befoxe-hand : 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 271 

whetlier it will be wet dry or windy : The Thermometer ahowB how mnoh 
one Vault or Cellar is hotter or colder than another, very proper for thoee 
to anderstand who deal in Liqnore; with other onrioni Varieties of the 
Weather, to the greatest Perfection. 

No reason is assigned for tlie addition of the ^^ Black." If a 
specimen of the thermometer mentioned is in existence it should be 
preserved in the Northampton Museum. 

From the following notice Balderson seems to have gone back, 
by December, 1722, to his earlier sign, and to have altered his trade 
from that of " Rupture Master " and " Barometer Maker " to that of 
a seedsman and fruiterer. 

This 1b to give Notice to all Gentlemen, or Others, That there is to be 
Sold, by John Balderson, at the Spread Eagle on the Market Hill in North- 
ampton, a large Quantity of fine Standard Limes, or Hedge Limes. AH 
sorts of Wall Fruit Trees of the best Sorts that are grafted or budded in 
England: Also fine Standard Apples and Cherries; Dwarf Apples for 
Espaliers of the best Sorts of Winter or Table Fruit. Likewise all Sorts of 
Garden Seeds. Note, They will be sold at very moderate Prices. 

The Golden Ball. 
In former times, and till the end of the last century, silk mercers 
bung out a golden ball, while balls of various colours were the signs 
of the eighteenth century quacks and fortune-tellers. It was at the 
sign of the Golden Ball in Paternoster Row that one of the earliest 
London Directories was printed. It was also the sign of Dr. Forman, 
in Lambeth Marsh, who was deeply implicated in the murder of Sir 
Thomas Overbury in 1613. 

We have already intimated that we have been unable to ascertain 
the position of the house bearing this sign on the Market Square. 
That it existed the following advertisement shows : — 

All Persons of Quality, or Others, that have any Oooasion for Paper 
Hangings, may be furnished with Variety of new Fashions, White Ghpound 
Ghints Patterns, which muoh enlightens any Boom, by the Yard Square, from 
one Shilling a Yard to three Shillings, and put up into the same Price; 
and if any Persons have any old Stuff Hangings, he changes for new, 
answerable in Colours and in Figure to the Furniture; by Jos. Satchwell, 
living at the Golden Ball on the Market-HUl, Northampton. — NorikampUm 
Mercury t March 17, 1739. 

This was in 1739, at which time Satchwell was a tradesman^ and 
not a publican. Seventeen years later be notified the giving up '* the 
Publick Business " in the following terms : — 

Whereas Joseph Satchwell, at the Golden-Ball on the Market-Hill in 
Northampton, finds his keeping a Publick- House has been detrimental to 
his other Business ; begs Leave to acquaint his Friends, that he has now laid 



272 Northamptonshire Notes' and Queries, 

down the Publiok Burinefls, and only oarriee on hie prirate Trade, as before : 
Where all Persons will be kindly used, and their Favours gratefully aeknow- 
ledg'd, by Their humble Servants, Joseph and Eliz. Satchwell. 

N.B. I carry on the Millinery Business, with Mounting of Fans, and 
Furnishing Funerals ; and take in Boarders, &o. as usual. 

Joseph SatchwelL 
The Trooper 

Was occupied ap to 1823 by Mr. Rawlins of the firm of Rawlins 
Bros., distillers, Bedford, when the late Mr. TbomRS Walker succeeded , 
he was previously the Bedford carrier. Mrs. Walker remained at 
the Trooper until i860, and was followed by Mr. William Swallow, 
who was succeeded in February, 1875, ^7 ^^' Charles Cooke. He 
left at Lady-day, 1883. The property now occupied by Mr. William 
Warwick was sold to Mr. Dulley of Wellingborough, at the Angel, 
by Messrs. Pierce and Thorpe, on April i8th, 1881, for ^1840. 
When Mr. Rawlins purchased the property it fetched >f 700. 

The Pewter Dish. 

The above does not seem to have been a public-house, but an 
ordinary tradesman's sig^, to denote that he sold those useful and 
durable dishes, which were so much in use by our forefathers before 
the introduction of Staffordshire pottery. It was situate on the west 
side of the Market Square, and its site now probably occupied by the 
Queen's Arms inn — the portion nearest to the Parade — for we 
find by a refefence to the Plan of Northampton taken at the Great 
Election of 1768, that those premises were in the proprieiorship of 
Edward Revell, brazier, to whom undoubtedly the subjoined adver- 
tisement of April 5, 1756, refers. 

Edward Revell, jun. Brazier and Copper-amith, at the Pewter-Dish on the 
Market-Hill, Northampton, having procured a Man from London, who ia 
allowed to be a very good Workman in the Tin Business, carries on the same 
in all its Branches, both Wholesale and Retail ; and makes all Sorts of Tin 
Tunnels for preventing Chimnies Smoaking, of the large or small Sort, as the 
Chimney requires, in a quite different Method than has hitherto been done in 
the Country, and as cheap as in London or elsewhere; and takes in Tin 
Goods to mend in the neatest and strongest Manner. 

He also makes and sells all Sorts of Tea-Eettles and Coffse-Pots, and 
the best Sorts of Barrel Cocks, Wholesale and Retail ; and if any of the 
Cocks should prove faulty, they may be retum'd and ehang'd Likewise 
performs all the Branches of the Braziery Business in the neatest Manner ; 
and allows the best Prices for old Copper, Brass or Pewter. 

Those, who please to favour him with their Orders in either of the 
above Branches, may depend upon being faithfully served by 

Their most humble Servant, Edward Revell. 

N.B. The above- mention*d Goods may be had at his Shops on the 
Market-Hill in Kettering, and on the North Side of the Chapel in Market 
Harborough. He buys and sells all Sorts of Houahold-Goods. 



Glimpses of Old Northampton. 273 

We subjoin the following advertisement of June 16, 1760, though 
it properly belongs to the Draperj^ as e^Lhibiting the spirit of trade 
rivalry at the date mentioned : — 

Edward Woolley, Brazier, next to the Swan- Yard, in the Drapery, North- 
ampton, Having purchased the entire Stock of 3Cr. Spencer, Brazier, deceased, 
(consiBting of a large quantity of Pewter, Brass, and Copper, purposes to be at 
Boughton-Fair with a very good Assortment of Braziery of his own 
Manufacturing, which he wUl sell at the yery lowest Bate, being determined, 
for the Dispatch of Business there, to ask no more than what he intends to 
take, except some small Indulgencies that may be required by every civil Dealer. 
Hlb Stall will be next to the New Wall Fence nearest to the Rowell Booth. 

N.B. The best Prices will be given for all sorts of Metal, &c. 
49* A Journeyman Brazier may meet with constant Employ. 

In reply to the above we quote the following : — 
Edward Bevell, jun. Brazier and Warming-Pan-maker, at the large Shop 
on the Market-Hill, Northampton, Begs Leave to inform the Publick, That he 
keeps Boughton-Fair with a large Quantity of all Sorts of Braziers Goods, 
and will sell them as cheap as any other Person, having it now in his Ppwer to 
sell them at a lower Price than common : And as to any Person adver- 
tising the entire Stock of Mr. Law Spencer, deceased, it is something more 
than they can assert, by reason the said Stock has been selling off these ten 
or eleven Months, so that the Person who advertises Mr. Spencer's Goods 
can only have the CuUings of the whole Shop :— Bevell's Stall will be the 
largest in the Fair, in the Middle of the Braziers Bow.— The best Prices 
will be given for old Copper, Brass, and Pewter. 

We conclude that the premises called the Pewter Dish were 
afterwards occupied by Jonas Aldridge, who evidently turned it 
into a fishmonger's establishment according to the following adver- 
tisement of March 22, 1800 : — 

Jonas Aldridg^, Begs leave to inform his Friends and the Public in 
general, that he has Taken a House next Door to the Boyal Oak, on the 
Market-Square, Northampton ; where he has a constant and regular Supply 
of all Kinds of Fresh Fish in Season, which will at aU Times be sold on 
most reasonable Terms, and all Favours gratefully acknowledged by 

Their most humble Servant, Jonas Aldridge. 

4^ Barrel Oysters, Oranges & Lemons, &o., &o. 

Thb Royal Oak. 

To the miraculous escape of Charles II at Boscobel we owe the 
Royal Oak, as immediately after the Restoration it became a favourite 
sign, and continues so to the present day. 

The Royal Oak, judging from the plan of 1768, was kept by 
Samuel Easton. The sign was changed in living memory to that of 

The Windmill. 
and was kept by John Butcher, afterwards a gun maker, who died 
in Bearward Street. 



274 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The Queen's Arms. 
On the accession of Her Majesty the Queen, the Windmill was 
changed into the Queen's Arms. It was at this time kept by 
Christopher Gibson, a musician, who formerly kept the Harp in 
Castle Street.* The Queen's Arms then consisted of a portion only 
of the present premises, the part in which the present bar is situated 
being occupied bj Mr. Hyde, a hatter. On the retirement of Mrs. 
Gibson in 1874, the house was taken by Mr. Troup. 

The Boot and Slipper. 
Comiug to Mercers' Row we find a genuine trade sign — The Boot 
and Slipper — denoting a boot and shoe shop. We quote from the 
Norlhampton Mercury the following advertisement referring to it 
which indicates the prices current in 1764 : — 

At the late house of Stamford Faxrin, at the Boot and Slipper in Meroera- 
Bow, Northampton. All Sorts of Mens Boots, Shoes, and Pumps, are made in 
the newest Fashion, and sold at the following Prices, Tiz. 

] 
Men's. 
Best Oalf -skin Boots 
Strong Plain Ditto . 
Double-Chanel Pumps 
Single-Chanel Pumps 
Neat stitch' d-heel'd Shoes and Pumps 
Neat flat Shoes and Pumps wax'd or 

black Grain . 
Best Flat Shoes and tum'd Pumps . 
Strong plain Double or Single Sole Shoes 

Women's. 
Everlasting and Callimanco 
Superfine Ditto lin'd with linen or 

Leather Socks . 
Neat and strong Leather Pumps 
Neat and strong Leather Shoes 
Black Leather Clogs 
Toed Clogs .... 
Likewise all Sorts of Boys, Girls, and Childrens Shoes and Pumps, Red 
Morocco Pumps ready made, at the lowest Prices. Gentlemen, Ladies or Others, 
that please to favour me with their Custom, may depend on good Goods, such 
as will get Credit, being on the lowest Terms, for ready Money only. 
Am, for St. Tiers, your most obedient, humble Servant, 

Tho. Clark. 
N.B. A Dining-Room and several other Lodging-Rooms to lett: Also a 
Steel-Mill to be sold at the said House. 

* On referring to the Poll Books we find Christopher Gibson, ** Professor of 
Music," resided in Bridge Street in 1826 ; in Marefair as " Teacher of Music '* 
in 1830 ; in Castle Street, where he is styled " Fiddler," in 1831 ; and at the 
» residence in 1832 as '< Mnaioian." 



Steady made. 
1. s. d. 
16 
•0 14 
6 
6 6 
6 


Bespoke. 

1. 8. d. 

10 
16 
7 
6 
6 


j. . 


3 


6 


i 
4 


9 



6 6 
4 9 


3 


9 


4 6 


4 


3 


6 


2 
2 
2 
3 


9 

6 

6 

10 


3 2 
2 10 




Glimpses of Old Northampton. 275 

The Crown 

Is one of the oldest of English signs. It was at the Crown, at 
Oxford, that Shakespeare, in his frequent journeys between London 
and Stratford-on-Avon, generally put up. 

From an advertisement in the Mercury, 1766, we find the Crown, 
in Drury lane, at Northampton, was kept by William Peck, formerly 
a groom to the Hon. Edward Bouverie. His vote for the election of 
1 768 seems to have been objected to. When before the commissioners 
he said " He lived in his house a twelve month at lady-day, and the 
license was in his own name." In the printed list of voters he is entered 
as residing in the Drapery. Whether this was an earlier sign for the Inn 
called the Roebuck or the White Hart, which at the present time 
extends from Drum Lane to the Drapery, we have not been able to 
ascertain. According to the plans of 1760, William Billingbam 
occupied the premises as a Victualler at the house now called the 
Rifle Drum. Richard Merrill, who is entered as a Fellmonger in 
Drury Lane, in his evidence before the commissioners, previously 
alluded to, *'said betook his bouse in August last, and that it was 
originally part of the Inn. 

Thb Quben*s Dragoons. 
These premises are marked as being at the corner of Mercers* 
Row, the sign of the house being subsequently 

The Old Duke of Clarence. 

In 1676 it was kept by William Adkinson, who "provided good 
Stabling for the reception of Horses, designed for breaking and standing 
at Livery," and who taught" Gentlemen to ride in a proper manner.** 

The present Old Duke of Clarence appears, from a deed dated 
Sept. 29th, 1792, to have been called 

The Leo of Mutton. 
By a deed dated April 22nd, 18 14, it was called the Duke of Clarence. 
The property was sold by auction, by Mr. Whitmy, at the Stag's Head, 
on October loth, 1867, and was bought by Mr. Hanson. The 
tenant at that time was John Gudgeon. The present occupier, Mr. 
Fitzhugh, entered in December, 1873. 

The fine portrait which was formerly the sign, was only taken 
down after the alterations two or three years since. 

The Plans. 

We may mention with regard to the 183 1 plan (p. 163) that Edward 

Gates was mayor in 1 82 j -, that the house occupied by Christopher 

Smyth was the County Treasurer's Office from about 1786 to the 

death of Mr. Tomalin in 1873 j and that people used to visit Mrs. 



276 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Inwood^s for eye-water, obtained from a medicinal spring called 
" Vigo,"* at the bottom of the Walk, some years since in much repute, 
but now done away with. 

With regard to the 1768 plan of Mercers* Row it may be stated 
that John Hunt, who is entered as not polled, was the carver of the 
richly-executed chancel screen as well as the pulpit in All Saints' 
church, Northampton. He was a pupil of the celebrated Grinling 
Gibbons, We append his advertisement from the Mercury oi July 

John Hant, of Northampton, Statuary, and Oarrer m Wood and Stone, 
(Who flerved hit Apprentioeship with l^e noted and famooB Mr. Grinling 
Gtibbona, Carver to the Grown many Years, and whose Works are to be seen 
at BLampton-Oourt, Kensingpton, Windsor- Castle, and St. James's) 

Makes Monuments, and all Sorts of Ornaments for Houses and Gardens 
And whereas it has been maliciously and injuriously reported, that I have 
been dead for some Time ; I take this Opportunity to inform all my friends 
aud Acquaintance, that I am (thro* the Blessing of Gtod) in as good a State 
of Health as I have been for many Years past, and perform my Bnssiness 
as usual ; and shall think myself in Duty bound gratefully to acknowledge 
the kind Favours of all who shall please to employ 

Their most humble Servant, John Hunt. 

Henry Cox, who was a statuary, and celebrated as a " first-rate 
maker of Verses,** which he contributed to the Northampton Bills of 
Mortality, is also entered in the plan of the election as '* not polled " 
He lived in the old stoue-built house just below Castilian street, which 
was at that time the last house before reaching the meadow. 

John Brittell, ironmonger, was head of the firm of Brittell and 
Sods, of the Lion Foundry, now Messrs. Mobbs and Co.* 

Thomas Sharpe, hairdresser, was secretary to the Northampton 
Gas Company at the early part of its career. At the formation 
of the County Court in 1847, he was appointed treasurer for this 
district, then circuit No. ^6^ retaining this office until his death, which 
took place at his residence, in Castilian street, Sept. 10, 1865. 

The same premises according to the plan of 1 768 were occupied 
by Hugh Sharp Jun., barber, who voted for Osborne and Rodney. 
He was also resident there in 1796, as appears by the poll book, 
when he voted for Spencer Perceval and Bouverie, We conclude that 
Hugh Sharp was the father of I'homas Sharp. In partnership with 
Mr. Thomas Sharp was Mr. William Berrill, who was registrar of 
marriages in Northampton for many years, until his death in i860. 

James Sharp, watchmaker, brother to Thomas, was manager to 
the Gas Company at Southampton. He died about the year 1868. 

* The name was first attached to it in the year 1719, from the capture of Vigo, 

of Spain. 



Bliss John 
Draper 



Is 


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Drum Lane 



I>nun Lane. 



Ditto late Hem 




BretteU John 
Ironmonger 


Stanton William 
Draper 


Sharp Thomas 
Hairdresser 

Berrill William 
Hairdresser 


Atkins Thomas Iliffe 
Upholder 


Sharp James 
Watch maker 


00 ,_, 

"6 


Bmnpus Thomas 
Grocer 



y 



Gates Edward 
Draper 



Kershaw Chr. 



Smyth Christopher 
County Treasurer 



Walker Samuel 
Tailor 



In woods Mrs. 
Tallow Chandler 



Conduit Lane 



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Brick 
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George William 







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FOR PRICES SEE LOCAL PAPERS. 



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if3A.Ho.33 



^flidL«^<.«.«l^(> 




l^arbarli College librarg^ 



FROM THB 



BRTC^HT LKG^ACY. 

DesoendanU of Henry Briifht, jr., who died at Water, 
town, Mass.,in i6S6, are entitled to hold scholarships in 
Harvard College, established in iS8o under the will of 

JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT 
of Waltham, Mass., with one half the income of this 
Legacy. Such descendants failing, other persons are 
eligible to the scholarships. The will requires that 
this announcement shall be made in every book added 
to the Library under its provisions. 



Received St4»lLlWa.-a'»la*U«)^ 




J 



Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ Queries J 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 

DBVOTKD TO 

The Antiquities^ Family History^ Traditions^ Parochial Records, 
Folk-lore^ Quaint Customs^ 6fc, of the County. 



EDITED BY 

Cbriatopber H. nDarhbam, f^S^H*, 

Hon, Sec, of the Architectural Society of the Archdeaconries 
of Northampton and Oakham, 




VOL. V. 



^OTtfianqiton : 
The Dryden Press, TAYLOR & SON, 9, College Street. 



1894 



^A SV^tJ 33 






TTbe S>n?t>en press. 

Taylor & Son, 
9, CoLLncB Strbbt, Northampton. 






Xist of articles* 



No. 

677 KirbyHall 

678 Papers relating to Sir Christo- 

pher Hatton : 
Draft Warrant for Payment to 

Sir Christopher Hatton 
Account of Sir Christopher 

Hatton's Liabilities & Assets 
Sir Christopher Hatton's Debts 
The Portions of his Younger 

Sons 
678* Letter from the Court at Holmby, 
1616 

679 A Washington Will at Leicester, 

1666 
679* Braybrooke Church : its Wall 
Colourations 

680 Bridges* ** Northamptonshire " 

681 Kettering and its Worthies 

682 Death of Mrs. F. M. Hartshorne 

683 The Isham Reprints 

684 Liber Custumarum Vilke Nor- 

hamptonise, ctp-ca 1460 
68$ Lord Mayors of London who were 
Natives of Northamptonshire. 
IV.— Sir John Rest 

686 KirbyHall 

687 Sir Robert Hatton 

688 Will of John Ashbourne of North- 

ampton 

689 The Barons' Wars at Northamp- 

ton, 1262.3 

690 Washington and Bulkeley, 1600 

691 Sir Richard Cave, Knight 

692 Jennings of Hartwell & Courteen- 

hall 

693 Instrumental Choir, Cogenhoe 

694 George Ayliffe Poole, M.A. 

695 Ash Family of Paston 

696 Rev. George Watkin, B.D. 



No. 

697 
698 

699 
700 
701 

702 
703 
704 
70s 
706 
707 
708 

709 
710 
711 

712 
713 
714 
71S 
716 

717 
718 

719 
720 

721 

722 

723 
724 

72s 

726 

727 



728 



Ketton Stone 

Extracts from Parish Registers 

Simon Gibbes, M.A., of Wicken 

Barrett Family 

Samuel Gierke, D.D., of Kings- 
thorpe 

Redwell, Wellingborough 

Peterborough Cathedral 

Dudleys of Northamptonshire 

Clipstone Rhymes 

May- Day Songs 

"hforthants" 

Ashton of Paulerspury, Buncher 
ofTiffield 

Gotch Family of Kettering 

W^illiam Connor Magee. D.D. 

Origin of the Town of Northamp- 
ton 

Fresco Painting of S. Katherine 

Washingtoniana 

Finedon Dried Apples 

Dudley Family 

Ancient British Drinking Cup 

The Knightleys in Parliament 

Northamptonshire Sales : Mar- 
riage of William and Mary 

Wynne Ellis 

Synagogue at Northampton 

Professor £. A. Freeman 

Franceis, Franceys, Fraunceys, 
Frenssh, and Frenshe 

Newman Family 

The Althorp Library 

Will of Matthew Sillesbye 

The Pearson Family 

Washingtons at All Saints*, North- 
ampton ; and at Frolesworth, 
CO. Leicester 

Claypole Family 



iv. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 



No. 

729 Tanfield and Tresham Families 

730 Redwell and Wellingborough 

731 "Northante" 

732 The Wastell Family 

733 Wellingborough Bridge 

734 Biblic^phic Notes — Anthony 

Stafford 

735 Washingtoniana 

736 Chapter House of Peterborough 

Cathedral 

737 Liber Custumarum Vilke Nor- 

hamptonise, circa 1460 

738 The Garfield Family 

739 Wellingborough Bridge 

740 The Clajrpole Family 

741 Washingtoniana 

742 Monumental Inscriptions from 

other Counties 

743 Francis or Fraunceys Family 

744 The Living of All Saints, North- 

ampton 

745 Will of John Bartholomew, of 

Upton 

746 Clifford and Gibbes 

747 Sir John Finch, Knight 

748 An Early Spencer Seal 

749 Rothersthorpe 

750 Northamptonshire Savings Bank 

751 Extracts from Knightley Wills at 

Somerset House 

752 Deeds relating to Cogenhoe, 

Deanshanger, and Ecton 

753 The Pseudo Hedda Monument 

at Peterborough Cathedral 

754 A Corby Custom 

755 A Palm Sunday Custom 

756 Lyon Family 

757 Northampton Manuscripts (Lees 

Collection) 

758 Rasters of Maidwell 

759 Ancient Village Sports 

760 Charity Schools 

762 St. Edmund's Church, Northamp- 

ton 

763 Silsby Family 

764 Sheppard Family 

765 Deeds relating to Cogenhoe, 

Deanshanger, and Ecton 

766 Claypole Family 



No. 

767 Hind Hotel, Wellingborough 

768 Burials of Suicides 

769 Lyon Family 

770 Leicestershire Registers relating 

to Northamptonshire 

771 Gorham Family 

772 Holy Wells of Northamptonshire 

773 Thomas Bigge 

774 Liber Custumarum Villse Nor- 

hamptonise, circa 1460 

775 Claypole Family 

776 Tryon of Harringworth 

777 The Garfield Family 

778 Secret History of the Election of 

John Chamber, alias Borowe, 
last Abbot of Peterborough 

779 Dr. Butler, Dean of Peterborough 

780 Notes on Rockingham Castle 

781 Sir Richard Knightley and the 

Marprelate Tracts 

782 Northamptonshire Words 

783 Northamptonshire References in 

London Wills 

784 Lord Mayors who were Natives 

of Nortnamptonshire. V. — Sir 
Ralph Freeman 

785 Crawford of Braybrook 

786 Massinbird Family 

787 Registers of Maidwell 

788 Tryon Family 

789 Monumental Inscriptions from 

other Counties 

790 A Liverpool Washin^on 

791 Tresham Administrations 

792 Chantry Lands at Hargrave, temp, 

Elizabeth 

793 Curiosities of Northamptonshire 

Printing 

794 Church Goods : Potterspury 

795 Weather Lore 

796 Town Armour at Northampton, 

1662 

797 Simon Ford, D.D. 

798 Northamptonshire Wills now at 

Somerset House 

799 Liber Custumarum Villae Nor- 

hamptoniae, circa 1460 

800 Rev. Canon Broughton 



%ist of Cnaravinas, &c. 



Kirby Hall (autotype) Froniispiece 

: , Inscriptions and Carvings Page i 

„ The Arms of Hatton i 

„ John Thorpe's Ground Plan ^ . 5 

„ A Comer of the Courtyard 9 

Grammar School, Kettering 17 

Market House, Kettering 17 

Kirby Hall : Archway in Courtyard 41 

„ Stop to Moulded Door Jamb 43 

„ Part of Arch to Staircase under Arcade .... 43 

„ Chimney Stack on East Front 45 

The Rev. F. W. Gotch, LL.D 65 

British Drinking Cup found at Brix worth 81 

Wynne Ellis 85 

Pedigree of Newman of Berks., &c 89 

Facsimile of page i of the First Mentz Psalter 93 

Earliest English Printed Broadside : Caxtpn Advertisement . . 97 

Seal of the First Baron Spencer of Wormleighton, 1617 .... 145 
" Hedda " Monument at Peterborough : — 

Restoration of Norman Shrine 153 

End Views of the "Hedda" Stone 156 

Front View „ „ „ 157 

Back „ „ „ „ 157 

Front from Gunton's "Peterborough" 157 

Details, Fletton and Peterborough 158 & 159 

Northampton Old Market Cross 163 

Hind Hotel, WeIlinglx)rough, in 1830 177 

>i M in 1891 177 

i> M in 1893 ^77 

„ Corner of Courtyard ....... 177 

„ Staircase 179 

„ Elizabethan Fireplace 181 

Rockingham Castle : — 

Entrance Gateway 209 

Chest of the Time of King John 209 

Trunk of the Fifteenth Century 211 

Monument to Lady Oxenden in Rockingham Church . . . 217 

Facsimile of Title-page of Life of Jonathan Wild -241 



\ 



Xi8t of Conttibutore. 



Askham, John, 57 

Barrett, Benj., 56 

Beattie, S., 171 

Bruce, Lord Charles, 90 

Bury, W., 171 

Cowper, J. M., 57, 65, 187, 199, 232 

Curious, 62 

Dudley, Dean, 62, 81 

DuUey, Gertrude M., 57, 177 

Editor, 6, 28, 62, 79, 87, 88, 125, 160, 

187, 244, 256, 260 
Caches, Louis, 146, 169, 201, 242 
Gasquoine, T., 217 
Gotch, J. Alfred, I, 41 
Hakewell, J. R., 16 
Hartshorne, Albert, 24, 49 
Hipwell, Daniel, 198 
Irvine,;. T., 125, 153 
Jones, T., 79 

Knightley, Louisa M., 148, 160 
Ughtfoot, R. P., 61 
Longden, H. Isham, 15, 108, 116, 134, 

150. 1^5, 172, 183, 200, 233, 238, 255 
Lyon, W., 161, 183 
Mayo, C H., 49, 55, 144 
Mobbs, William, 143, 147 
Newman, A. S., 89, 142 
Page, John T., 38, 229, 231 
Perkins, W., 47, 79 
Pink, W. D., 46, 48, 144 



Rusby, James, 52 

Rutgers le Roy, J., in 

Savage, Richard, 55 

Shepard, T., 145 

Simpson, Justin, no, 142, 143, 235 

Sprague, Frank W., 183 

Sweeting, W. D., 109 

Thompson, Beeby, 53 

Vernon, 48, 122, 140 

Waters, Henry F., 104 

Wise, Charles, 112 

A. B. D., 240, 249 

A. C. D., 80 

A. S. N., 142 

C. A. M., US 

D., 142, 182, 237 

F. A., 80 

F. K. H., 236 

J. A. G., 52 

J. S., 233 

J. T., 13, 17, 26, 46, 5o» 7^ 82, 86, 

118, 161, 168, i74i 199,219, 237, 240 
K., 6, 17, 65, 81, 83, 85, 107, 113, 160, 

168, 184, 204, 209, 249 
L. M. K., 148, 160 
R. P. L., 138 
T. L., 64 

T. S., I (pi.), 145 (Pl-) 
W., 219 
W. M., 143, 147 




Errata^ &c. 



22, line 21 ; for Mortoa read Hooke. 
60, line 22 ; far Marie read Maria. 
62, line 3 ; far NichoUs read Nicolls. 

Line 6 ; for Laxton read Faxton. 

Line 10 : far Ettington read Eltington. 

82, Nos. 8 and 9 ; Richard Knightley, etc. should read Richard Knightley : 

M.P., returned for Northampton County, 22 Nov., 1621, vice 
Sir Edward Montague called to the Upper House • 4th Parliament 
uf James I., 1623 ; and 1st and 3rd Parliaments of Charles I., 1625, 
1628 

83, line 9 ; for August 23 read August 22. 

88, line 14 ; for Rhoderick reeui Roderick. 
Line 34 ; for Nova read Novo. 

89, line 36 ; for Bennett read BeAnet. 
92, line 7 ; for Lans read Laus. 

129, line 40 ; for comburgjti^^i read comburgean'Mw. 

131, line 3 ; for esgise recul esglise. 
Line 16 ; for enanant read enauant. 

132, line i6, &'c, ; for comysers read coruyser (corveysor, or corveiser, or 

conuyser), i.^., shoemaker. See Glossary to Liber Aldus, Rolls 

Series. 
147, last line ; for hauseling read houseling. 
155, line 10 ; for prebend read prebendary. 
177, line I ; Lolham, where Adam Claypole lived, in Maxey Parish, Northants., 

not in Lincolnshire. 
221, Notef; for Aldermanbury read Aldermary. 
224, Note r ; Hawarden in Flintshire, not in Cheshire. 
237f second line from bottom ; for Peat read Peet, 



Index I. 



Names of Persons. 



Abbenale, de, 229 
Abbot, 88 (ped.) 
A'Bowris, 88 (ped.) 
Abrams, 67 
Adams, 230 
Adderley, 238 
Adolphus of Nassau, 93 
A^ew, 86 
Aichely, 39 
Albert, prince, 83 
Aldham, de, 226 
Aldus, 96, 103 
Aldwyn, de, 203 
Allan, 136 
Allen, 23, 1 14 
Allestry, 53 
Alopa, 95 

Althorp, lord, 68, 69 
Andrew, 234 
Angeil, no 
Annand, 212 
Arbuthnot, X03 
Archbold, 80 
Arnold, 200 
Ase, 256 
Ash, 52, 233 
Ashbourne, 46 
Ashby, 20 
Ashton, 65, 241 
Asulanus, 103 
Attenborough, 81 
Atterbere, 170 
Atterbury, 49 
Aulsup, Aulsuppe, Au* 
sup, 136 



Aylesbury, i (pi.) 
Ayre, 260 
Babbage, 73 
Bagay, 73 

Baker, 37, 62, 11 5-6 
Baldini, 96 
Ball, 25, 143, 150 
Bailey, 177 
Banaster, no 
Barin, 167 
Barker, 151-2 
Barret, Barrett, 56 
Barrington, 210 
Barry, 86 

Bartholomew, 143-4 
Basely, 104 
Bassandyne, 103 
Basset, 47, 136 
Bateman, lord, 20 
Batsford, 6 
Bechynoe, 117 
Becket, 88 (ped.), 164 
Bedford, duke, 26 
Beer, 176 
Bellingham, 142-3 
Bembo, 96 
Benet, Bennet, Bennett, 

88 (ped.), 160, 201-2 
Benson, 18, 208 
Berdefeld, de, 221 
Berkeley, lord, 121 -2 
Bermingham, 80 
Berners, 100 
Bertie, 236 
BethelU 140 



Bigge, 187, 213, 216 
Bishopp, 256 
Bisle, 37 
Blaby, 130 
Blackwood, 5 
Blades, 98, lOO 
Blake, 18 
Bliss, 1 21-2 
Blount, 176 
Bloxam, 155 
Blynco, 123 
Boddington, 182 
Bokton, de, 221 
Boreman, 21 1 
Boryndon, de, 229 
Boston, 20X 
Boteler, 226 
Botticelli, 96 
Boughton, 88 (ped.) 
Bouncher, Bowncher, 172 
Bowater, 83 
Bowe, ate, 229 
Bowen, 205, 209 
Bowers, Bowyers, 88 

(ped.) 
Boyce, 24 
Boyes, 137 
Bradley, 217 
Braifield, 35 
Brakale, 220 
Bray, Braye, 48, 137 
Breton, 173 
Bridges, 57 
Brixworth, 132 
Broke, 24 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 



Brome, 253 
Brooks, 109 
Brougham, lord, 69 
Broughton, 260 
Brown, 22, 134, 182 
Browne, 55, 203 
Bruce, 90 
Brudenelt, Brudnell, 3, 

20-1, 140-1 
Bryan, 165 
Brycgenson, 170 
Buckmck, 96 
Buckingham, duke, 80, 

229 
Buckley, no 
Buckyngham, 130 
Bulkeley, 48 
Bull, 17, 18, 21, 23-4, 53 
Bullock, 235 
Buncher, 65 
Burgh, Borowe, 201-3 
Burghley, lord, 3, 42, 88 

(ped.), Ill, 217 
Burgis, no 
Burgon, 170 
Burgoyne, 169 
Burgundy, duke, 97, 99 
Burton, 121 
Butcher, 123 
Butler, 18, 162, 204-9 
Buyer, loi 
Byrdsoll, 170 
Bywater, 174 
Caesar, 74 
Callet, 73 
Callis, 152 
Camden, 1x6 
Campian, Campion, 167, 

234 
Canning, 69 
Canterbury, abp., 102, 

122, 164, 208, 217, 244 
Capgrave, 48 
Caporn, 89 
Cardenas, de, 239 
Cardigan, earl, 3 
Carey, 67 
Carleton, 3, 230 
Carlisle, lord, 230 
Carpenter, 145, 173 
Carr, 171 
Carter, 156 
Caster, 78 

Castlereagh, lord, 69 
Catesby, 150-2, 172-3 
Cave, 48, 113, 146, 167, 

233 
Caxton, 97-8, 100 



Cay, 37 
Cecil, III, 177 
Chadwick, 106 
Chamberlain, 3, 230 
Chambers, Chambre, 201 • 

3 
Champernown, 13 
Chapman, 165 
Charles I., 80, 91, 114, 

179 

II., 80 

IX., 91 

Chaumpneys, 118 
Chauncy, 232 
Chauntrell, 169 
Chester, 198 
Chetwode, 161, 183 
Chipsey, 231 
Chown, 171 
Christie, 06 
Churchill, 8 
Clanbome, 226 
Claridge, 248 
Clarke, 150-1 
Clawton, 165 
Claydon, 173 
Claypole, Cleypole, Cle- 

pole, Claipole, 109- 11, 

139-40, 174-7, 198-9 
Clerk, Clerke, 57, 256 
Cleaver, 23 
Clifford, 144 
Clough, 183 
Clutterbuck, 183 
Clyde, 216 
Cobb, Cobbe, 25, 66 
Coburger, 100 
Cockrun, 253 
Cogenhoe, de, 49 
Coke, 115, 122 
Colbert, 91 
Coldwell, 106 
Cole, 179, 233, 244 
Coles, 234-5 
Colewyk, de, 224 
Colleman, 48 
Collis, 24 

Combemartyn, de, 222 
Cornfield, 72 
Conant, 143 
Comers, 89 
Conqueste, 242 
Cooke, 15, 140, 175 
Cooper, 55, 68 
Corbett, 152 
Corby, de, 227 
Corrie, Corry, 24, 25 
Cotesbroke, 37 



Coverdale, 102 
Cox, 83, 85, 152 
Craddock, 166 
Cranmer, 102, 244 
Crantz, 96, loi 
Crapp, 140 
Craswell, 116 
Crawford, Crawforth, 232 
Creed, 168 
Creton, de, 225 
Crew, 18, 145, 252 
Crisp, 70 
Cromwell, 18, 179, 198, 

204 
Crooke, 13-4 
Crouch, 231 
Crucheley, 244 
Cure, 137 
Curteys, 130 
Cutling, 236 
Danvers, 55 
Dartmouth, lord, 90 
Dash, 19, 23-5, 163 
Daventry, 187-9, 256 
Davies, Davis, 28, 70-1, 

Dawes, 150-1 

Deacon, Deacone, 137, 

233 
De Brienne, 91 
De la Pierre, 96 
Denmark, king, 99 
Dennett, 60 
Denys, 244 
Derome, 91 
Derrian, 56 
Devonshire, earl, 13 
Dibdin, 90-1 
Dicey, 19, 240-2 
Dickens, 216 
Dickenson, 137, 203 
Digby, 212 
Disraeli, 83 
Dix, 152 
Dodd, 204 
Doddridge, 13-4 
Dolben, 179 
Dorset, earl, 42 
Dow, 121 
Downhall, 256 
Downing, 25 
Drake, 7 
Drayton, Drey ton, 57, 

114, 220 
Dredge, 250, 254-5 
Dring, 176 
Dryden, 145 
Dudington, 162 



Index /. — Names of Persons, 



zi. 



Dudley, 60, 62, 81 
Duedale, 203 
Dufley, 182 
Duncalf, 259 
Duncombe, 172 
Durer, 94 
Earlemonger, 37 
Eastall, Estall, 117 
Eayre, 24 
Edgar, king, 17 
Edmonds, 27-8 
Edred, 59 
Edward ii., 224 

IV., 100 

Ekins, 152, 172.3, 183 
Eldon, lord, 83 
Elizabeth, queen, 7 

of York, 100 

Ellesmere, lord, 6, 7, 13 
Ellis, EUys, Elys, 37, %S, 

141, x66'7 
Elsing, Eldnge, 223 
Ely, 50-1 
Emas, 165 

England, Ingland, 137 
Erasmus, loi 
Eugene, prince, 91 
Evelyn, 3 
Everard, 37 
Eve, 91 

Everdon, de, 224-5 
Facer, 49 
Fainshawe, 8 
Fairfax, 180 
Farey, 49 
Fawket, 157 
Fen wick, 144 
Fermar, Fermor, ^ 

(ped.), 89 
Fichet, 96 
Finch, 144-5 
Filch, 89 
Fitzgerald, 237 
Fitzhugh, 89 
Fitzwarine, baron, 83 
Fitzwilliam, earl, 68*9 
Fleminge, 9 
Flower, 162 
Foliot, 88 
Folwell, 150 
Ford, 249.55 
Fortescue, 9 
Foster, 76 

Fotheringhay, de, 226 
Fowler, 172 
Franceys, Fraunceys, 

French, &c, 88, 142 
Francis, 201-2 



Franklin,Franklyn, 1 50-2 
Freeman, 87-8, 174, 229- 

Freeston, Freestone, 183 

Frere, 119 

Friburger, loi 

Froben, loi 

Frost, 143 

Fuller, 23, 25. 67, 229 

Fumivall, 226 

Fust, 91, 93.4 

Ga^e, 239 

Gaitone, Gayton, Gay- 
tone, de, 222-3 

Gale, 9 (pL), 41 (pL) 

Gardener, 174 

Garfield, Garfild, Gar- 
fyld,Gafreld,&c., 134, 
135-8, 200 

Garlele, Garlick, 137 

Gascoigne, 167 

Gellibrand, 251-3 

George, 21 

Gering, loi 

Geyton, 49 

Gibbs, Gibbes, Gybbes, 
55-6, 105, 117, 143 

Gildesburgh, de, 224, 227 

Gill, 23 

Giustiniani, 1 01 

Glover, 142 

Glyn, 141 

Gobion, 162 

Goethe, 204 

Goldsmith, 71 

Goodall, 205 

Goodday, 150 

Gooderick, 172 

Goodwin, 250 

Gorges, lord, 167 

Gorham, 183-4 

Gotch, 6, 19, 21.3, 65-77 

Grafton, 79, 102 

Gray, 207 

Grazebrook, 146 

Gregory, 129 

Gregory ix., pope, 226 

Grene, 135 

Grey, lord, 152 

Griffyn, 169 

Grimston, iii 

Grolier, 91 

Grooby, 233 

Guiderius, 79 

Gunton, 124, 157, 160, 
202-4 

Gumey, 229 

Gutenberg, 93 



Haddon, 88, 188 
Hailbrunn, loi 
Hale, 150 
Hall, 70, 77, 217 
Halowton, 255-6 
Ham, Hamo, Hamon, 79 
Hamilton, duke, 175 
Han, 103 
Hanbury, 20-1 
Hanyngton, de, 221 
Hardouin, 104 
Hardyngham, de, 227 
Hargrave, 217 
Harley, 8 
Harper, 106 
Harriott, X2i 
Harris, 136, 172 
Harrison, Harryson, 

liaryson, 55, 147, 163, 

229 
Hart, Harte, 117 
Hartlieb, 92 
Hartshorne, 25-6, 210, 

213, 216 
Hartwell, 88 (ped.) 
Harvey, 162 
Hasselwood, Haslewood, 

165-7, 233-5 
Hassler, 73 
Hasted, 122 
Hatfeld, de, 227 
Hatton, i-i, 5-13, 18, 

46,60, 88 (ped.), 177- 

8,214 
Hauteyn, 226 
Hawker, in, 175 
Hawkins, 174 
Head, 80 
Hedda, 153-5 
Heins worth, 116 
Helpeston, de, 227 
Henchman, 167 
Heneage, Henneage, 3, 

I73» 202 
Hengist, 79 
Hennell, 25 
Henri I v., 91 
Henrietta Maria, queen, 

57, 60, 114, 179 
Henry, 71 

II., 161 

VII., 100 

VIII , 99 

prince, 163 

Hensman, ^6, 60 
Hepburn, 65, 76 
Herleston, 37 
Heylin, 121 



Xll. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 



Heynes, 123 

Heywood, 230 

Hikedonn, 132 

Hinman, 15 

Hoare, 174 

Hobie, 136 

Hodges, 55 

Hogett, 233 

Holcote, Holecote, Hul- 

cote, de, 220, 222-3 
Holland, 173 
HoUhead, xi6 
Holroyd, 51 
Hone, 62 

Hontyngdon, de, 227 
Hood, lady, 217 
Hook, Hooke, 51, 53-4 
Hooehe, de, 83-4 . 
Hooles, 217 
Hope, 184, 186 
Horton, Hortone, de, 

220, 223-4 
Hough, 8 

Houghton, 152, de, 223 
Howell, 85, 217 
Howlet, 136 
Hughes, 143 
Hull, 107-8 
Hunt, 24, 130 
Hunte, le, 227 
Hurle, de, 225 
Hussey, iii 
Hyett, 216 
Hyll, 102 



laggard, 27 
Ingland, 



^ - 137 
Ingulf, 115, 153-4, 156, 

158 
Innocent VIII., pope, 100 
Inwards, 244-8 
Isaac, 22 

Isabella, queen, 89 
Isbister, 78 
Isham, 26, 29 
Isidore, S., 103 
Isyldon, de, 226 
Jacobs, loi 
James, 77, 167 

I., 4, 80, 91, 165 

Tarman, 62 
Jefl&ys, 140 
Jenkenson, Jenkinson, 70, 

218 

{ennings, 49, loi 
enson, 95 
Jenny, 13 
Jerome, S., 99 
Jeyes, 63 



John, king, 59, 161 
Johnson, loo, 137, 173, 

242 
Jones, 4, 179, 236 
Juda, loi 
Judkins, 88 (ped.) 
Katharine ot Arragon, 

41,201 
Katlyn, 240 
Keep, Keepe, 66, 151 
Kendall, 207 
Kennet, 198 
Kerrich, 25-6 
Kerver, 104 
Ketelaer, 97 
Keyser, 79 
King, 143 
Kingsmill, Kinsmill, 

243-4 
Kirk, Kirke, Kyrk, 

Kyrke, 165-6 
Kirton, Kyrton, 201 
Kitto, 73 
Klopstock, 204 
Knibb, 23 
Knightley, 18, 82-3, 145, 

148-9, 217, 236.7 
Kniveton, 115 
Kylleswortb, 227 
Kylworth, 135 
Kymbelyn, 79 
Kynnesman, 234 
Kyrkeby, de, 227 
Lambe, 70 
Lamoignon, 91 
Lane, 113 

Langham, 18, 234, 252-3 
Lark, 201 
Latymer, 16 
Laud, abp., 60, 244 
Laughton, 235 
Law, 56 
Leafeild, no 
Leake, 26-7 

Lee, 18, 150-1, 161, 217 
Leech, 181 
Leempt, de, 97 
Lep;e, 80 
Leicester, earl, 47, 60, 

102 
Leigh, 215.6, 255 
Lejay, 102 
Lehus, 139 
Leme, 55 
Lendrum, 218 
I^nnox, duke, 4 
Le Strange, 147 
Lettice, 142 



Lettou, 100 
Leycock, 29 
Lille) loume, de, 221 
Lincoln, bp., 186, 201 
Lingard, 217-8 
Lin wood, 174 
Lipsius, 120 
Littleton, 143 
Lloyd, Loyd, 143, 239 
Locock, 143 
Lodbrog, 153 
Londham, 132 
London, bp., 122 
Longvile, 37 
Lorenzo, di, 96 
Louis XIV., 91 

XV., 91 

Lovell, 104 
Lovet, 256 
Luther, 99, loi 
Lyndsay, 169 
Lyon, 161, 163 
Machlinia, 100 
M&cee, bp., 78, 260 
Mapna, della, 96 
Maioli, 91 
Malerini, 100 
Malsher, 235 
Manfield (front,) 
Mansion, 97-8 
Markham, 81 
Marlborough, duke, 95 
Marlow, Marlowe, 28 
Marrett, 136 
Marriot, Marriott, 152, 

171 
Marshall, 73, 118 
Marston, Maston, in 
Martens, 97 

Martin, Martyn, 53, 105 
Mary I., 102-3 

II., 83-4 

Maskell, 103 
Mason, 17, 47 
Massinbird , Massingberd, 

Massingburd, 52, 233 
Matthew, 102 
Maunsell, 19, 233 
Mayem, Mayerne, 60, 

114 
McMechan, 76 
Medicis, de, 91 
Mee, 19 

Melanchthon, loi 
Mentelin, 100 
Mercer, in, 139 
Mernier, le, 220 
Merret, 114 



Ind£x L — Natfus of Persous. 



XUl. 



Mewe, 240 

Middleton, M i d 1 e t o n , 

150-1 
Miller, 143, 251 
Milton, 100, lord, 20-1, 

68 
Monckton, 217 
Montagu, Mountagu, 

Mountague, 82, 169, 

202, 212 
Montford,Mountforth, 97 
Moores, 151 
Moravus, 103-4 
Mordaunt, lord, 113 
Moreton, 22 

Morg^, 146-7, 169, 242 
Morris, 150 
Mortimer, 47 
Morton, 103-5, I7'i '^ 
Mortone, de, 221 
Moulson, 230 
Mounford, 256 
Mountacute, 214-5 
Mounteneye, de, 228 
Musgrave, 80 
Myers, 77 
Napoleon, 4 
Nassyngton, de, 226 
Naunton, 5, 13-4, 149 
Neale, 55, 164 
Newman, 88 <ped.), 89 
Newport, i 
Newton, 176 
Nicholas v., pope, 92 
Nichols, 229 
Nicholson, 102 
NicoUs, 62 
Noble, 174, 198 
Norfolk, duke, 40 
Norman, 18, 182 
North, lady, 4 
Northampton, de, 220-1, 

227 
Norton, Nortone, de, 22 1 - 

3. "5 
Norwich, 23 
Norwood, 104 
Numeister, 95 
O'Brien, 20 
OdingselU, 113 
Ody, 142 
Okes, 119 
Okey, 66 
Ordway, 85 
Orridge, 229 
Osberne, Osbume, 167, 

233. 237 
Ottcy, 149 



Overhall, 152 
Oxenden, 215-6 
Oxford, earl, 8, countess, 

149 
Pagham, Pagula, de, 226 
Palmer, 151-2, 172-3 
Pannartz, 94, 96, 100 
Parker, abp., 103 
Parkinson, 150 
Parr, 205 
Parvyn, 162 
Pasdeloup, 91 
Patrick, 156-8, 160 
Payne, 91 
Pearson, 105 
Peel. 83, 206 
Peet, Peat, 237-8 
Pelham, 215 
Pell, 62 
Pemester, 169 
Peppin, 183 
Periy, 88 

Pertenhall, de, 225 
Peterborough, bp., 61, 

78, 260 
Petrarch, 96 
Peypus, loi 
Pfister, 93, 100 
Phillips, 26, 240 
Phipps, 55, 148 
Pickering, Pyckeryng, 18, 

I45, 240 
Piercy, 22 
Pierre, de la, 96 
Pigouchet, 104 
Pilkington, 116, 118 
Pirye, 132 
Pisanus, loi 
Plantin. 102 
Plummer, 23 
Pocklington, 154-5 
Pocock, 252 
Poitiers, de, 91 
Pole, 167, card., 231 
Poller, 149 
Pompadour, de, 91 
Pomtret, earl, 89 
Poole, 8, 50-1 
Popham, 9 
Porsere, le, 224 
Porter, 20 
Pratten, 72 
Preist, 136 
Preller, 154 
Preston, 228 
Pridmore, 183 
Prior, 151 
Prynne, 121 



Ptolemy, 116 
Purcell, 237 
Pycher, 170 
Pynson, 99 
Radziwil, prince, loi 
Rainbow, 49 
Rainsford, Raynsford,87, 

143. 15O1 164 
Raleigh, 41 
Ramsey, 225 
Randes, 107 
Rawlyns, 188 
Raynolde, X02 
Regnault, 102, 104 
Renouard, 104 
Rest, 389, 41 
Reviczky, 90 
Reynolds, 100 
Ricketts, 176 
Riley, 226 
Ringrose, 234 
Ritson, 27 
Roberts, 24 
Rockingham, lord, 18, 

Rockyngham, Roking- 

ham, Rokyngham, de, 

220, 227, 242 
Roe, 81 

Roeder, von, 217 
Roger, 37 

Rogers, 26, 102, 173 
Rokeslee, de, 221 
Romeyn, 221 
Rooke, 78 
Rothewelle, de, 220 
Rowland, 144 
Roxburgh, duke, 95 
Rushden, Russheden, 

Russhedin, 125 
Russell, 99 
Rylands, 90 
Sabin, Sabyn, 134, 136 
Sackforth, 149 
Sackville, 217 
Sais, de, 154 
Salisbury, earl, 120 
Samuell, 169 
Samwell, 164, 183 
Sanders, 105 
Sands, Sondes, Sonds, 

210-2, 214-5 
Saona, de, 100 
Saunders, 88(ped.), 169 
Savonarola, 95 
Sawyer, 183 
Scambler, Scam blare, 

142 
Schaiiffelein, 94 



XIV. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



Schiller, 204 
Schoeffer, 93-4 
Scott, 98 
Scroggs, 150 
Seabrooke, 135 
Segrave, de> 222 
Senecombe, de, 222 
Seymour, 216-7 
Shakespeare, 26-7 
Sharman, 49, 182, 260 
Sharpe, 219 
Shefforde, 259 
Shenstone, 55 
Shepard, Sheppard, 

Shepheard, 6, 171-2 
Sherley, 141 
Shoosmith, 109 
Shortgrave, 115 
Shrewisbury, 258, 

Shrewsbury, lord, 217, 

lady, 10 
Shuter, 24 
Shyre, atte, 225 
Sibley, 150 
Sidney, 114 
Sillesbye, Sillesby, Siis- 

bee, Silesby, Silsbie, 

Silsby, 86, 104-7, 109, 

152-3. 171 
Skipwith, 183 
Slow, 41 
Smith, Smyth, 15, 55, 

69, 73, 86, 108, no, 

171 

Somersete, de, 222 

Sondes, Sonds, su Sands 

Sotell, 37 

Sotheran, 216 

South, 162 

Southampton, lord, 27 

Spain, king, 6 

Sparke, 200 

Speed, 251 

Spencer, 55-6, 146, ba- 
ron, 145, earl, 90, 95, 
104 

Spenser, i<X) 

Spira, 95 

Sprot, 226 

Spiyng, 131 

Stafford, i, 2, 1x8-22 

Stampe, 250 

Stanford, 151 

Stanly, 166 

Stanstede, de, 223 

Stanton, 116 

Stapelford, de, 229 

Staughton, no 



Staunford, 37 
Steane, 76 
Stele, 228 
Stephens, 96, 142 
Sternberg, 246 
Stilgoe, §9, 90 
Stock, 90-1, 184, 187,244 
Stokton, 132 
Storke, 166 
Stoutevill, 152 
Stratton, 37 
Strype, 41, 204 
Studley, 39 
Stukeley, 185 
Suckelyng, Suklyn, 242, 

244 
Surrey, earl, 40 
Sutton, 186, 189 
Sweeting, 246 
Sweynheym, 94, 96, 100 
Swift, 241 
Swinnerton, 16 
Taffnell, 143 
Tait, 208 

Taleworth, de, 228 
Tandy, 55 
Tanfield, Tanfeld, Tan- 

felde, 1 12-3, 146, 242, 

244 
Tanner, 227 
Tate. 144-5, 162 
Taylor, 18, 76, 214, 251, 

Thomas, 55 
Thoresby, 228 
Thornton, 205 
Thorpe, 2, 6, 44-6 
Thoyts, 168 
Thursby, 143 
Tiffeld, Tiffield, de, 222, 

225, 228 
Tilson, 107-8 
Tippen, 20 
Tischendorf, 76 
Toller, 23, 25, 71, 73, 

237 
Tompson, 152, Tomson, 

134-6 
Trenchard, 51 
Tresame, Tresham, 42, 

77,112-3,140-1,238-9 
Trestrail, 65, 71 
Tryon, 20-1, 199, 235-6 
Turner, 55 
Twisell, 167 
Twisleton, Twystleton, 

166-7, 233, 235 
Twyne, no 



Tydyman, 228 
Underill, 15 
Underwood, 20 
Unton, 141 
Valdarfer, 91, 95-- 
Vaughan, 172, 208 
Verard, 104 
Vialls, 148 
Vicars, 55 

Villars, Vyllers, 202 
Vivian, 260 
Vostre, 104 
Waagcn, 86 
Waddington, 22 
Wade, 151 

Wake,47, 146-7,242, 244 
Wakefeld, de, 228 
Waldegrave, de, 221 
Wales, 143 
Wallis, 17, 24 
Walpole, 28 
Walsh, 80 
Wantage, lord, 81 
Ward, 24 
Warren, 89 
Washington, 15, 48, 80, 

108-9, 122-4, 140- 1 1 

237-8 
Wastell, n6.8 
Waters, 109, 153 
Watkin, 52, 173-4 
WaUon, 113, 212-7, lord, 

210 
Watt, n9 
Weedon, 171 
Welch, no 
Welford, 224 
Welleford, de, 221 
Welles, 136 
Wellington, duke, 83 
Wellis, 129 
Wemmes, 187 
Wenman, 88 (ped.) 
Wentworth, 212 
Wesley, 51 
West, 137 
Westbrook, 22 
Westmacott, 207 
Westmorland, earl, 18 
Westphalia, John of, 97 
Wetton, 231 
Whaley, Whalley, 17, 

152, 162, 173-4 
Whellan, 231 
Whitemill, 152 
Whitgift, 217 
Whytthedde, 135 
Wigsome, 214 



Index L — Names of Persons. 



XV. 



Wilberforce, 51 
Wild, Wilde, 240-1 
Wilford, 252 
William I., 209 

III., 83-4 

the Silent, 84 

Wills, 251 
Wilson, 171, 183 
Winchilsea, earl, 5, 145 
Wingfield, 12, 148-9 
Wise, 209, 213 



Wodewarde, 242 
Wollaston, 104 
Wolsey, 39, 40, 201-3 
Wood, 120-2, 241 
Woods, 167 
Woodstock, 38 
Worde, de, 48, 99 
Wright, 25, 75, 155, 253 
Wryth, 256 
Wulketul, 154 
Wyndmyll, 242 



Wythe, 151 
Ximenes, 103 
Yelverton, 9, 145, 252 
Yements, 101 
Yngland, 137 
Yonge, 41 
York, abp., 228 

duke, 84 

Ysenburg, von, 94 
Zainer, 94 
Zel,94 



^ 



p ^ 





:^^^^Ki 






IN 


fidex 11. 


Places 


NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 


Achurch, 203 


Clipstone, 62 


Addington, 115 




Cogenhoe, 49, 150, 152, 172-4 
Collingtree, 17 1-2 


Alderton, 150, 222 




Aldwinkle, 141, 203 




Corby, 160 


Althorp, 68, 90-1, 93. 95. 


97-100, 


102, Cottesbrook, 230, 252 


104 




Cottingham, 115 


Ashby S. Legers, 186-8 




Courteenhall, 49 


Ashley, 183 




Culworth, 55 

Dallington, 88 (ped.), 104, 150 


Ashton, 168 




Ashwell Park, 144 




Daventry, 58, 147 


Aslrop, 115 




Delapr^, 162, 1 65 


Aveden, 140 




Dene, 3, 89, 140 


Badby, 146, 149 




Denshanger, 145, 1 50- 1, 172-3 


Barnwell, 186 




Doddington, 152 


Barton, 151 




Draughton, 233 


Barton Seagrave, 183 




Duston, 104, 107, 170 


Blakesley, 90 




Earls Barton, 87, 151 


Blatherwick, I, 2, 120 




Eastcote, 171 


Blisworth, 146 




Easton Neston, 88 (ped.) 


Boddington, 55-6 




Ecton, 62, 81, 150-2, 172-4 


Boughton, 186 




Elmington, 115 


Brackley, 147, 244 




Everdon, 149 


Brafield, 88 (ped.) 
Brampton, 186 




Farthinghoe, 88 (ped.), 89 




Farthingstone, 149 


Braunston,-i49 




Fawsley, 83, 149 


Braybrook, 16, 232 




Finedon, 80, 179 


Brixwortli, 81, 87, 235 




Flore, 137 


Brington, Gt., 168 




Gayton, 112-3, 146, 205-9 


Broughton, 152, 234 




Geddington, 62, 256 


Bugbv (Buckby), Long, 9 

Bulwick, 236 

Burgh, se€ Peterborough 




Glendon, 141 




Green's Norton, 168 




Gretton, 5, 113 


Burley, 177 




Guilsborough, 151, 224 
Hanging Houghton, 235 
Hardingstone, 83, 104, 228 


Burton Latimer, 79 




Byfield, 149 




Caldecote, 88(ped.) 




Hardwick, 62, 81 


Castor, 58 




Hargrave, 240 


Catesby, 118, 149 




Harringworth, 183, 199. 236 


Charwelton, 83, 88, 149, 236-7 


Hartwell, 146 


Church Brampton, 56 




Heathencote, 88 (ped.) 


ClayC 


:oton, 62 




Helidon, 149 



XVIU. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 



Heyford, Nether, 146 

Higham Ferrers, 60 

Holdenbv, 3, 13.4, 36, 88 (ped.), 165 

HoUowell, 151 

Horton, 88 (ped.), 113 

Houghton, Little, 152 

Irchester, 17, 118 

Kelmarsh, 233, 235 

Kettering, 17-25, 153.4, 65-8, 73. 76-7, 

147, 164, 168, 182, 213-4, 237 
Kibworth, 24 
Kilsby, 134-6 
King's Cliffe, 89, 115, 142 
King's Norton, 9 
Kingsthorpe, 6, 57, 62, 146, 186 
Kirby, 1-6, 41-6, 77, 178-9 
Kirkby Underwood, 235 
Knaseborough, 9 
Lamport, 20, 235 
Laxton, 62 
Lichborough, 149 
Livedon, Lyveden, 52, 238 
Lolham, no, 177 
Maid well, 165, 233-5 
Maxey, 246 
Mears Ashby, 60, 137 
Medehamstead, see Peterborough 
Middleton Malsor, Milton, 107, 134-5 
Moreton Pinkney, 55 
Moulton, 63 
Moulton Park, 107 
Naseby, i6i, 179, 237 
Nassington, 62 

Nene, river, 58-9, 116, 161, 196 
Newnham, 149 
Newton, 112-3, 238 



143, 147.8, 150-1, 161.5, 168.70, 
172, 174, 182, 186-98, 206, 208, 214, 
216, 226, 228.30, 233, 240-2, 249-59 

Northborough, no, 175-6, 198 

Norton, 137, 149 

Oakley Hall, 214 

Old, 235 

Orlingbury, 152 

Oundle, 59, 142, 168, 185 

Overston, 172 

Oxendon, 113 

Passenham, 151 

Paston, 52, 233 

Pattishall, 171 

Paulerspury, 65, 88 (ped.), 89 

Peterborough, 17, 38, 61, 78, 87, 124, 
134-C, 142, 153-60, 168, 186, 20X-4, 
206-8, 225-6, 260 

Piddington, 228 



Pilton, 239 

Pipwell, 256 

Plumpton, 149 

Polebrook, 260 

Potterspury, 242-3 

Preston Capes, 55, 83, 149 

Preston Deanery, 151, 228 

Pytchley, 59, 62, 81 

Raunds, 79 

Ravensthorpe (Thorp), 88 (ped.), 115, 

146.7 
Redwell, 51, 59, 113 
Ringstead, 58 
Road, 105 

Rockingham, 24, 1 12.3, 209-17 
Rothwell, 19, 115, 146 
Rushden, 172 
Rushton, 1 12.3, 238 
Scaldwell, 88(ped.) 
Sewardsley, 88 (ped.), 89 
Shutlanger, 150 
Snorscomb, 149 
Spratton, 81, 88 (ped.), 256 
Stamford Baron, in, 161, 175 
Staverton, 150 
Stoke Brueme, 150, 222 
Stowe, 55, 149 
Strixton, 142 
Stutsbury, 123 
Sulgrave, 48, 122 
Syresham, 55, 168 
Thrapston, 77, 141, 256 
Tichmarsh, 87 
Tiffield, 65 
Towcetter, 58, 88 (ped.), 89, 147, 219, 

222, 254 
Upton, 143, 177 
Wappenham, 88 (ped.) 
Warmington, 87 

Weedon, 58, 88 (ped.), 89, 149, 217 
Weekly, 89 
Wellingborough, 4, 57-6i, 105, 113.?, 

118, 138, 147, 150, 164, 177-82, 260 
Welton, 137 
Weston, 162 
Whishton, 172 
Whitfield, 168 
Wicken, Wyke Dyve, Wyke Haven, 

49. 55-6, 144 
Wilbey, 172 
Win wick, 172 
Wold. 235 

Wood Burcote, 88 (ped.) 
Woodford, 149, 203 
Worthorp, 115 
Wotton, 228 
Yardley Gobion, 243 
Velvertoft, 172 



Index III. 



Plages not in Northamptonshire. 



Agincourt, 88 (ped.) 
Alicante, 88 
Alost, 97 

Amiens, 67, 71, 8i 
Amsterdam, 102 
Antwerp, 6, 102 
Aspeden, Herts., 174, 23a 
Athenree, 80 
Augsburg, 94 
Badbrooke, War., 55 
Balaclava, 3 
Bamberg, 94, 100 
Banbury, Oxf., 248 
Bark way, Herts., 85 
Barnes, Sur., 225 
Barnwell, Camb., 2 
Barrowden, Rut., 142 
Barwell, Leic, 108 
Basle, loi 
Bath, Som., 236-7 
Beaumont Leys, 176 
Bedford, 182 
Bedfordshire, 76, 248 
Berghen op Zoom, 88 (ped.) 
Berkshire, 88 (ped.) 
Bitteswell, Leic, 136, 138 
Blandford, Dor., 142 
Bletsoe, Beds., 17 
Bluntisham, Hunts., 12 
Bodmin, Corn., 207 
Bolopia, 95, loi 
Boosiney, Com., 145 
Boston, U.S.A., 88 
Bonlge, Suff., 237 



Boxmoor, Herts., 72 

Bremen, 139 

Brinsley (? Brinkley), Camb., 152 

Bristol, Glo., 65, 74-6, 251 

Brooke Hall, Suff., 148 

Bruges, 97-8 

Brussels, 92 

Buckhurst, Sus., 42 

Buckinghamshire, 82 

Buckland Brewer, Dev., 249-50 

Burneshead, West., 142 

Buxheim, 92 

Buxton, Derby, 67 

Bythorn, Hunts., 21 

Caen, 183-4 

Cambrav, 169 

Cambridge, 25, 44, 90, 119, 142, 182, 

204, 207-8, 218 
Cambridgeshire, 149 
Canterbury, 57, 175, 208, 232-3, 238 
Carnarvon, 224 
Chanereye, 1x8 
Charing, Kent, 222 
Charlestown, ill 
Charlton, Berks., 88 (ped.) 
Chelsea, Mid., 204 
Chesham, Bucks., 70 
Cheshire, 8 
Cheshunt, Herts., 118 
Chester, 67, 80 
Chickney, Essex, 118 
Churchill, 8 
Cologne, 94i 99 
Comey Bury, Herts., 231 



XX. 



Northamptonshire Notts and Queries, 



Cornwall, 148 

Coventry, 22, 88 (ped.)i 161, 217 

Crimea, 85 

Crowhurst, Sur., no 

Crowland, Crovland, Line, 59, 60, 

IS3-4, I78» ISO 
Cuba, loi 

Dartford, Kent, 226 
Dean, Kent, 216 
Deddington, Oxf., 89 
Deeping, W., Line, 176 
Delft, loi 
Depdenet, 118 
Derby, 115 

Dersingham, Norf., 2$ 
Dewsbury, Yk., 108 
Dorchester, Dor., 250 
Dover, Kent, in, 175 
Dublin, 71-2 
Dunwich, Suff., 82 
Edinburgh, 50, 103 
Edmonton, Mid., 109, 140 
Ednall, Cumb.,80 
Elphin, 108 
Ely, Camb., 198 
Erith, Kent, 227 
Elssex, 56 

Estnyght, Norf., 148 
Eton, Bucks., 90, 204 
Ettington, 62 
Evesham, Wor., 146 
Eye, Suff., 89 
Famdish, Beds., 118 
Farrinedon, Berks., 141 
Faversham, Kent, 187 
Ferrara, 95 

Finchinfield, Essex, 56 
Fletton, Hunts., 158 
Florence, 95-6 
Foligno, 95 

Folksworth, Hunts., 89 
Frampton, Glo., 144 
France, 96, icx>, 204 
Frowlesworth, Leic, 15, 108-9 
Gay ton. Staff., 237 
Geneva, 96 
Genoa, loi 
Germany, 96, 100 
Giunta, 103 
Glasgow, 50 
Gorham, France, 184 
Gorhambury, Herts., 184 
Greenwich, Kent, 40 
Greetham, Hants., 236 
Guernsey, 5 
Gunby, Line., 233 
Haddon Hall, Derby, 77 
Hague, the, 83-4 



Haileybury, 207 

Hainston, Line, 202 

Halliwell, Hunts., 12 

Halstead, Essex, 235 

Hampshire, 58 

Hanham, Glo., 118 

Hargrave, Ches., 230 

Harrow, Mid., 204, 208-9 

Harwocd, 118 

Haslemere, Sur., 65 

Hawarden, Flint, 224 

Hemel Hempstead, Essex, 76 

Hertford, 99 

Hertfordshire, 76, 86 

Holbeach, Line, 144 

Holbroke Park, 148 

Holkham, Norf., 102 

Hough, 8 

Huntingdonshire, 88 (ped.) 

Ipswich, Suff., 204 

Ireland, 51, 79, 168, 187, 247 

Islington, Mid., 200 

Italy, 94, 96, 100, 204 

Jamaica, 239 

Jordan, river, 184 

Kenilworth, War., 47 

Kensington, Lane, 176 

Kent, »5, 145, 238 

Ketton, Rut., 53-4 

Keystone, Hunts., 12 

Kingston, line, 165 

Kingston-on-Thames, Sur., 139 

Knotting, Beds., 118 

Lambeth, Sur., 88 (ped.), 140 

Lamport, Bucks., 80 (ped.) 

Langford, Wilts., 167 

Langley, Kent, 65 

Layton, Low, 174 

Leeds, Yk., 51-2 

Lee's Court, Kent, 210, 212 

Leicester, 15, 85, 142, 237, 260 

Leicestershire, 24, 58 

Leighs, Gt., Essex, 53 

Leighton, Beds., 216 

Lesnes, Kent, 222, 227 

Lewistown, 140 

Lichfield, Staff., 48 

Lincoln, 25, 86, 88 (ped.), 91, 142 

Lincolnshire, 58 

Liverpool, Lane, 67, 77, 176, 207,237-8 

Lockyng, W., Berks., 88 (ped.) 



no, n6, n8-23, 136, 139-42, 144-^, 
148-50, 162, 174-6, 179» i84-S» 199. 
200, 202, 208, 2n-2, 215, 219-36, 
238-42, 244» 25o-3» 255 



Places not in Northamptonshire, 



XXI. 



Lucknow, 216 

Lutterworth, Leic.» 136, 138 

Lynn, Norf., 48 

Lyons, loi 

Maidstone, Kent, 211-2 

Manchester, Lane, 217 

Manton, Line, 102 

Mantua, 95 

Market Harborough, Leic, 122, 161 

Marlow, Gt., Bucks., 88 (ped.) 

Massachusetts, 143 

Maungersfield, Glc, 176 

Melbourne, Aust., 66 

Memmingen, 92-3 

Mentz, 93-4 

Mercia, 59 

Merkyate, 118 

Middleborough, 27-8 

Middlesex, 11, 149 

Milan, 95, loi 

Monmouth, 217 

Munster, 96 

Naples, 91, 95. loi, 103-4 

Needingworth, Hunts., 12 

Netherlands, 97, no, 235 

Nethfeld, Essex, 148 

Neuchatel, loi 

Newbury, Berks., 109 

Newington, Sur., 250 

Newmarket, Camb., 235 

Newport Pagnell, Bucks., 178 

Newton, West., 26 

Newton Heath, 217 

Norfolk, 56, 148-9 

Norton, E., Leic, 183 

Norwich, 186 

Nuremburg, 94, 100- 1, 210 

Offchurch, War., 236 

Ogwell, E., Dev., 250 

Olehall, Essex, 148 

Orford, Suff., 82 

Orger, 118 

Oxford, 44, 47-8, 52, 77, 80, 87, 99, 

1 19-21, 161, 198, 204, 207-8, 217, 

250, 252 
Packington, Leic, 15 
Padua, 95 

Paris, 93, 95-6, 101-2, 104 
Pedmore Hall, Wor., 87 
Pendleton, Lane, 237 
Petherton, S., Som., 237 
Philadelphia, 112, 140 
Pidmount, Hants., 233-4 
Pimlico, Mid., 204 
Pinchbeck, Luic, 136 
Pinczow, loi 
Plymoath, Dev., 250 
Poland, loi 



Ponsbome, Herts., 86 

Portsmouth, Hants., 80 

Puddletown, Dor., 250 

Putney, Sur., no 

Quainton, Bucks., 88 (ped.) 

Queen Camel, Som., 89 

Radburn, War., 146 

Radclive, Bucks., 89 

Ramsey, Hunts., 6j 

Reading, Berks., 48, 250-1 

Red Sea, 184 

Rhexms, 103 

Rickmansworth, Herts., 224 

Rochester, Kent, 232 

Rome, 96, 100, 103, 201 

Roth, 93 

Rugby, War., 207 

Rutland, 58, in, 24^ 

S. Albans, Herts., 48, 99, 183-4 

Salem, U.S.A., 107 

Sarum, Wilts., 103 

Scotland, 51, 102-3, 184, 187 

Sebastopol, 83 

Shelwich, Kent, 212 

Shrewsbury, Shrop., 67 

Shropshire, 245 

Sicily, 87, 204 

Sierra Leone, 206, 209 

Somerset, 58 

Somersham, Hunts., 12-3 

Sopwell, 99 

Souldrop, Beds., 118 

Southam, War., 55 

Southampton, Hants., 74, 88 (ped.), 236 

Southill, Soothill, York., 107 

Southwark, Sur., 102, 139 

Spain, 103 

Staffordshire, 80, 82 

Stamford, Line, 78, in, 161 

Stepney* Mid., 72 

Stoke Dry, Rut., 212 

Stoke Newington, Mid., 238 

Stoneleigh, War., 216 

Stony Stratford, Bucks, 56, 178 

Stonghton, Gt., Hunts., 89 

Stourbridge, Camb., 2 

Stowe, Bucks., 88 (ped.) 

Strasbu^, 94, 100 

Stratford, Mid., 118 

Stratford -on- Avon, War., 161 

Stutgardt, 91 

Susa, 201 

Swanboume, Bucks., 88 (ped.) 

Swindon, Wilts., 144 

Swinford, King's, Staff., 254 

Old, Wor., 250 

Switzerland, 96 
TankertoD, Kent, 86 



XXll. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 



Tarrant Hinton, Dor., 90 

Tavistock, Dev., 82 

Test, river, 116 

Thomdon, Suff., 90 

Throwligh, 212 

Toledo, 103 

Tonbridge Wells, 4 

Toumay, 169 

Trisanton, xi6 

Tugby, Lcic, 183 

Tutbury, Staff., 115 

Uffington, Line, 236 

Uppingham, Rut, 61 

Utrecht, 97 

Venice, 95-6, loi, 103 

Vilvorde, 102 

Wales, 67, 187 

Wanested, 215 

Warkworth, Northumb., 161, 183 

Warmsley, York., 166 

Warwick, ^5, 218 

Warwickshire, 58 

Wastdale, West., 116 

Waterford, 237 

Wells, Som., 25 

Wembley, Mid., 207 

Wendlebury, Oxf., 115 

West Ham, Essex, 176 

Westwick, Norf., 184 



Westminster, 40, 98, iii, 173, 175, 

178, 188, 198-9, 228 
Wexford, 237 
Whiteknights, 91 
Whitfield, 88 (ped.) 
Whitstable, Kent, 86 
Wieht, Isle of, 186 
W^ilDorton, Camb., 110 
Wilton, Wilts., 82 
Wiltshire, 58 

Winchester, Hants., 88 (ped.), 207 
\\'inchilsea, Sus., X45 
Wing, Rut., 109 
Wingham, Kent, 215 
Wisbech, Camb., 144 
Witney, Oxf., 250 
Wobum, Beds., 222 
Wolferton, Norf., 25 
Wolverhampton, Staff., 79 
Woodstock, Oxf., 89 
Wormleighton, War., 90, 145-6 
Worcestershire, i, 58 
Wovencote, 8 
Wymington, Beds., 8, 118 
Yarmouth, Norf., 67 
York, 67, 78 
Yorkshire, 58, 166 
Zurich, 1 01 



« {Ptd,) " refers to the Newman pedigree between pp, 88 a$%d 89, 



^ 



Index IV. 



Of Subjects. 



AUhorpe Library, 90 
Baron's wars, 47 
Bibliographic notes, 118 
Bibliography : — 

Butler, Dr., 208 

Dicey, 240 

Ford, Simon, 249 

Gotch, Dr., 76 

Magee, bp., 78 

Poole, G. A., 50 

Stafford, Anthony, 118 
Braybrooke church, 16 
Bridge's Northamptonshire, 17 
British drinking cup, 81 
Brixworth, British drinking cup found 

at, 81 
Burials of suicides, 182 
Burton Latimer, fresco painting, 79 
Butler, dean of Peterborough, 204 
Chambers, John, abbot of Peterborough, 

201 
Charity schools, 168 
Church goods : — 

Potterspury, 242 

Rothersthorpe, 146 



Uppingham, 61 
lburcn¥ 



Churchwardens' accounts : — 

Uppingham, 61 
Cllpstone rhymes, 62 
Cogenhoe, Instrumental choir, 49 

Deeds relating to, 150, 173 

Corby custom, 160 

Deanshanger, Deeds relating to, 150, 

172 
Ecton, Deeds relating to, 150, 172 



Families of Northants : — 
Ash, of Paston, 52 
Ashbourne, of Northampton, 46 
Ashton, of Paulerspury, 65 
Barrett, of Northampton, 56 
Bigge, Thomas, 187 
Bulkeley, 48 

Catesby, of Ecton, 150, 173 
Cave, 48 

Claypole, 109, 139, 174. 198 
Gierke, Samuel, of Kingsthorpe, 57 
Clifford, 144 

Crawford, of Braybrook, 232 
Dudleys, 62, 81 
Finch, 144 
Ford, 249 

Franceis, Franceys, &c, 88 
Franklin, of Ecton, 150 
Garfield, 134, 200 
Gibbes, 55, 144 
Gorham, 183 
Gotch, of Kettering, 65 
Hatton, 6, 46 
Haynes, 122 

Jennings, of Hartwell, 49 
Knightle^, 82, 217 
L^ron, loi, 183 
Massinbird, 233 
Newman, 89 
Pearson, X07 
Raynsford, 87 
Sheppard, 171 

Sillesbye, of Northampton, 104, 171 
Staffords, of Blatherwick, x 
Tanfield, 112 



XXIV. 



Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 



Families of Nortbants : — 

Tresham, 112, 140, 238 

Tryon, of Harring worth, 199, 235 

Washington and Bulkeley, 48 

Washington and Haynes, 122 

Washington and Tresame, 140 

Wastell, 116 

Watkin, 52 
Finedon dried apples, 80 
Fresco painting of S. Katherine, 79 
Hargrave chantiy lands, 240 
Hatton papers, o 
" Hedda Monument ** at Peterborough 

Cathedral, 153 
Holmby, The court at, 13 
Holy wells, 184 
Inscriptions, Monumental, from other 

counties, 142, 199, 232, 236 
Isham reprints, 26 
Instrumental choir, Cogenhoe, 49 
Kettering and its wort£es, 17 

Gotch fiimily, 6$ 

Ketton stone, 53 
Kirby Kail, i, 41 
Knigntleys in Parliament, 82 
Knightley, Sir Richard, and the Mar- 
prelate Tracts, 217 
Knightley wills, 148 
Leicestershire registers relating to 

Northamptonshire, 183 
Lord Mayors, natives of Northants : — 

Sir John Rest, 38 

Sir Ralph Freeman, 229 
Maidwell registers, 165, 233 
Marprelate Tracts, 217 
May-day songs, 62 
Militia ordinance, 144 
Northampton : — 

Baron's wars, 47 

Customs, 28, 125, 187, 256 

Lee's collection, 161 

Liber custumarum villse Norhamp- 
tonise, 28, 125, 187, 256 

Living of All Saints', 143 

Manuscripts, 161 

Origin of the town, 79 

St. Edmund's, 169 

Simon Ford, 249 

Synagogue at, 86 

T'own armour, 249 

Washingtons at All Saints', 108 
" Northants," 64, 115 
Obituaries : — 

Broughton, Rev. Canon, 260 

Ellis Wynne, 85 

Freeman, Prof., 87 

Hartshome, Mrs. F. M., 25 

Maeee, bp., 78 

Poole, George Ayliffe, -50 



Palm Sunday custom, 160 
Peterborough : — 

Butler, dean, 204 

Chambers, John, abbott, 201 

Chapter house, 124 

" Hedda Monument," 153 

The cathedral, 61 
Potterspury church goods, 242 
Printing, Curiosities of, 240 
Redwell, 57, 113 
Registers, parish, Extracts from, 55, 

165, 233 
Rockingham Castle, 209 
Rothersthorpe : — 

Inventory of church goods, 146 
Sales, 83 

Savings Bank, 147 
Spencer seal, 145 
Sports, Village, 168 
Stafford, Anthony, 118 
Synagogue at Northampton, 86 
Town armour at Northampton, 249 
Tresham administrations, 238 
Tryon of Harringworth, 199 
Uppingham church goods, 61 
Washingtoniana : — 

A Liverpool Washington, 237 

A will at Leicester, 15 

Tresham and Washington, 140 

Washingtons at Northampton, 108 

Washingtons at Frolesworth, Leices- 
ter, 108 

Washingtoniana, 80 

Washii^on and Bulkeley, 48 

Washington and Haynes, 122 
Weather lore, 244 
Wellingborough : — 

Bridge, 118, 138 

Hind Hotel, 177 

Redwell, 57, 113 
Wells, Holy, 184 

William and Mary, Marriage of, 83 
Wills at Somerset House, 25^ 
WilU:— 

Ashbourne, John, of Northampton, 
46 

Bartholomew, J[ohn, of Upton, 143 

Chumpneys, Gilbert, 118 
, Garfield, 134 

Halowton, Henry, 255 

Knightley, 148 

Palmer, John, 151 

Pilkington, Thomas, 118 

References in London, 219 

Sillesbye, Matthew, 104 

Wastell, Simon, 117 

Whalley, Bradley, 173 
Words, Northamptonshire, 219 



>^ 




Mottoes. 



Part XXXIII. 

Ben Jonson is said to have worked at the time he was compelled to assist his 
father-in-law at his trade of bricklaying;. In the intervals of his trowel he is said 
to have handled, his Horace and Virgil. It is only a tradition which Fuller has 
handed down to us in his Worthies ; but tradition is valuable when it helps to 
make such a flower grow upon an old wall. 

Leigh Hunt, The Town, 
Part XXXIV. 

All these things here collected are not mine. 
But divers grapes make but one kind of wine ; 
So I from many learned authors took 
The various matters written in this book ; 
What's not mine own shall not by me be fathered, 
The most part I in many years have gathered. 

Taylor, The Water-PoeU 
Part XXXV. 

He was shrewd and prudent ; 
Wisdom and cunning had their share of him ; 
But he was shrewish as a wavward child. 
And pleased again by toys which childhood please ; 
As books of fables graced with prints of wood. 
Or else the jingling of a rusty medal. 
Or the rare melody of some old ditty, 
That first was sung to please King Pippin's cradle. 

Shakspeare. 
Part XXXVI. 

'Tis strange, the shortest letter which man uses 
Instead of speech, may form a lasting link 

Of ages ; to what straits old Time reduces 
Frail man, when paper — even a rag like this — 

Survives himself, his tomb, and all that's his. 

Byron, Donjuan^ Canto iii. s. 88. 

For ever^ man of real learning 

Is anxious to increase his lore. 
And feels, in fact, a greater yearning, 

The more he knows, to know the more. 

TOMAS DE YrIARTE. 



xxvi. Northamptonshire Notes and QuerUs, 

Part XXXVIL 

This is a great &ult in a chronologer, 
To turn parasite : an absolute history 
Should be in fear of none, neither should he 
Write anything more than truth, for friendship, 
Or else for hate ; but keep himself equal 
And constant in all his discourses. 

Lingua. 

History maketh a young man to be old, without either wrinkles or gre^ hairs, 
privileging him with the experience of age, without either the infirmities or 
mconveniences thereof. 

Fuller. 
Part XXXVIII. 

Who props the sinking pile, renews its sway. 
Lives o'er the past, and joins the future day, 
Thus from oblivion wrests the hoary name, 
And on a falling ruin builds his fame. 

There are few minds but might furnish some instruction and entertainment out 
of their scraps, their odds and ends of thought. They who cannot weave a uni- 
form web may at least produce a piece of patchwork, which may be useful, and 
not without a charm of its own. 

Part XXXIX. 

We desire, we pursue, we obtain, we are satiated : we desire something else, 
and begin a new pursuit. 

Johnson. 

Commend me to the man who has taken a delight in conversing with antiquity ; 
for, whether fortune has thrown him into the luxurious paths of the great, or he 
has the dignity of worth beneath the lowly cottage thatch, I know that self* 
communion has allied him to poetry. Reflective habits have wedded him to the 
sublime and beautiful. And is there not solemn music in the voice of bygone 
days? 

Part XL. 

Every generation enjoys the use of a vast hoard betqueathed to it by antiquity, 
and transmits that hoard, augmented by fresh acquisitions, to future ages. 

Macaulay. 

Others, I doubt not, if not we, 
The issue of our toils shall see ; 
And (thejr forgotten and unknown) 
Young children gather as their own 
The harvest that the dead had sown. 

Robert Elsmbrb. 



<-$^ 



Vol. V. Part XXXIII. JANUARY-MARCH, 1892. 



1s. 6d. 



Ben Jonson is said to kai<e tvnrked at the lime he was compelled to assist 
his father-in-law at his trade of bricklaying. In the intervals of his trowel 
he is said to have handled his Horace and Virgil. It is only a tradition 
which Fuller has handed down to us in his Worthies; tut tradition is 
valuaile when it helps to make such ajlower grow upon an old wall. 

LeioH Hunt, The Town. 

Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ Queries, 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 

DKYOTED TO 

The Antiquities, Family History, Traditiojis, Parochial 
Records, Folk4ore, Quaint Customs, &c.,of the County, 

EDITED BY 

ChPisfopheir rt. (I)ai:Uham, F.S.rt., 

Hon, Sec, of the ArchiUctural Societt/ of the Archdeaconries 
of Xorthainpton ds Oakham. 



«-^*>€:- 



Contents. 



677 

678 



.i 



Xirby Hall fillustraiioMj 
Papers Selating to Sir ChriBtoplier 
Hatton : 
Draft Warrant for Payment to Sir 

Christopher Hatton 
Account of Sir Christopher Hatton's 

Liabilities and Assets 
Sir Christopher Hatton's Debts 
The Portions of his Toanger Sons 
678* letter from the Court at Holmby 



679 A Washington Will at Leicester 
679* Braybrooke Church : its Wall 

Colorations 

680 Bridges' '* Nor thamptoa shire " 

681 Kettering and its Worthies 
^(iUustiatiouH) 

682 Death of Mrs. F. M. Hartshorne 

683 The Isham Keprints 

634 Liber Castumaram Villse Korhamp- 
toni®, circa 14J0 (illuslratiuMj 



Xortljampton : 

TAYLOR & SON, The DRYDEN PRESS, 9 COLLEGE STREET. 
London; ELLIOT STOCK, PATERNOSTER ROW. 

[Entered at Stniiouci s Hall.] 



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Northamptonshire 

Notes and i^ueries. 





The Anns of Hatton under the Clock at Kirby. 

IRBY HALL.* — Kirby is so intimately associated with 
the name of Hatton, particularly with that of Elizabeth's 
chancellor Sir Christopher, that we are apt to overlook 
the fact that it was not to the Hattons that the house 
owed its existence, but to the StafFords of Biatherwick. 
It was one of the many Sir Humphreys of this family who built it 
between the years 1570 and 1575. The StafFords had been settled 
at Biatherwick for a century and a half before the building of Kirby. 
They came from Worcestershire, and acquired their Northampton- 
shire estates by marriage with an heiress about the year 141 8. It 
was a Sir Humphrey who was the first to come to Biatherwick, he 
being the fifth of the name on record. His son, his grandson, and 
his great-grandson, were all Sir Humphreys 5 and his great-great- 
grandson was the builder of Kirby. 

The early history of Kirby, prior to the building of the house, is 
of no great interest, and when Sir Humphrey Stafford obtained 
possession of the manor, or why he went a- field to Kirby to build a 

• See "N. N. & Q.," 802, 335, 396, 467. 
Vol. V. I 



2 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

house when he had his old home at Blatherwick, are merely matters 
of conjecture. Of the builder of Kirby and of the date of bis 
building there can be no doubt. His name is on the parapet in 
two panels : 

HVM 8TA 

FRE FARO (Sec fig. 2.) 

His arms — or^ a chevron gules, a canton ermine ( fig. 6) — are carved 
in the frieze over one of tbe small doors of the great court, and his 
crest — a boards head out of a ducal coronet (fig. 4) — occurs not only in 
the friezes of tbe doors, but is also repeated many times in the carved 
bands that make the circuit of the court, where it alternates with 
the Stafford knot (fig. 3) and tbe Aylesbury crest (fig. i.) His 
initials, H. S., are also repeated in varying fashion in the friezes of the 
doors, in one case they are bound together by a true lover's knot and 
balanced in a corresponding panel by M. S. similarly bound (figs. 5, 7.) 
It is not easy to say whose these latter initials are. One would 
naturally suppose they were those of the builder's wife ; but there is 
no Margaret Stafford, nor other lady's name begining with an M, 
of the right date, and the date of the building is very clearly set forth. 
It occurs on the porch to the great hall, 1572, dividing the motto 
IE SERAY LOYAL (fig. 8.) It is also repeated in the parapet near 
the builder's name, 157a; and is balanced in a corresponding position 
by the date 1575. Curiously enough, these dates receive confirmation, 
though they do not need it, from the original plan of the house pre- 
pared by the well-known John Thorpe, whereon he has written with 
his own hand " Kerby, whereof I layd y* first stone A» 1570." (See 
illustration.*) We know, therefore, the duration of the buikling 
operations, the first stone being laid in 15 70, and the parapets finished 
in 1575. It was, moreover, not only the shell which Sir Humphrey 
put up ; for the roof of the great hall and what remains of that which 
used to cover the long gallery are in a style corresponding with the 
foregoing dates 3 and such fragments of other ancient woodwork as 
occasionally turn up, belong to the same period, clearly shewing 
that the original builder completed the house inside and out. 

But Sir Humphrey Stafford did not long enjoy his splendid 
mansion, for in the 17th year of Elizabeth — that is 1575, the very 
year when the parapets were dated — he died, and the property was 
sold by his second son and heir, John, to Sir Christopher Hatton. 

Sir Christopher seems to have been in no huny to visit his new 
acquisition, for in 1580, four or five years later, he writes to Sir 

• The plan is from the oollection of drawings by John Thorpe, preaorved 
in the Soane Mnsenm, London. 



Kirhy Hall. 3 

Thomas Heneage that he is aboat ''to take my way to Sir Ed. 
Bradnell's to view my bouse of Kirby, which I never yet surveyed j 
leaving my other shrine, I mean Holdenby, still unseen until that holy 
saint may sit in it to whom it is dedicated.*' The holy saint was the 
queen, and it was the emulation that prevailed among her great 
courtiers to receive her with suitable magnificence, when she went on 
her progresses, that was one of the causes to which we owe the splen- 
did mansions of that period. The Sir Edward Brudnell whom Sir 
Christopher was going to visit, lived at Dene, about a mile and a half 
from Kirby, and he was an ancestor of the Earls of Cardigan, the 
last of whom led the charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava. In 
the mention of Holdenby we get one reason, perhaps, why Sir 
Christopher delayed his visit to Kirby. He was busy at this time in 
building that vast and magnificent structure, which was now 
sufficiently advanced towards completion to accommodate the Lord 
Treasurer Burghley, and may therefore be supposed to have been 
forward enough to house Mr. Vice-Chamberlain (as Sir Christopher 
then was) when he sought the country air. 

. We do not know how Kirby struck its new master, but we may 
gather that be was satisfied with it, since there are no additions that 
can be traced to his hand j after his death, however, in ijpi, when 
the property passed to his nephew. Sir William Newport, otherwise 
Hatton, there seems to have been some building done, for the stables 
are said to have been dated 159J. Upon Sir William's death in 1597, 
the estates went to a godson and namesake of Sir Christopher, and in 
due time his son did something towards bringing his home into the 
prevailing fashion of architecture by employing Inigo Jones to make 
various alterations. The entire north front was remodelled, the 
mullioned windows being taken out and replaced with sash windows; 
over the centre a large attic storey was added, which also showed in 
the inner courtyard, with its clock and its lantern, now gone \ some 
of the old windows in the inner court were replaced with new ones 
dated 1638 aitd 1640^ the balcony and window over the main porch 
were inserted \ the outer court had new gateways built in its existing 
balustrade; one lai^e gateway on each side, and one small and 
charming doorway opposite to the entrance to the inner court; a new 
staircase was built, crowned with an elaborate ceiling bearing the 
Hatton arms ; and the walls of the rooms generally were panelled 
with deal in the prevailing fashion of the time. These were notable 
changes, but they were the last; no considerable alterations have 
been made during the last two centuries ; and whatever voice Kirby 
may have, speaks across that interval. 

1 * 



4 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The notices we get of Kirby are few and far between. In August 
of the year 1624, King James was there on one of his progresses ; 
and we learn from gossipping letters of Edward Chamberlain to 
Dudley Carleton that the Duke of Lennox had just died at Kirby 
of the spotted ague, a disease very prevalent at that time, since a week 
or two later another letter says that 328 people had died of it in 
London in one week. Among the victims was a daughter of Lady 
Hatton, who, perhaps, was the link that connected the epidemic with 
Kirby. Another victim was a daughter of Lady North, who died in 
spite of having been taken, for the sake of the waters, to Tonbridge 
"Wells, which, said Chamberlain, together with Wellingborough, had 
lately come into note — so much so, that the Lord Chamberlain 
had actually talked of building a bouse at the latter place. Alas ! 
for the prosperity and fame of Wellingborough, the house never 
was built, and fashion smiled but faintly upon the Northamptonshire 
waters. 

Thirty years after the melancholy event just recorded, we learn 
from John Evelyn that he paid a visit to Kirby, *' a very noble house 
of my lord Hatton's in Northamptonshire, built a la moderne ; the 
garden and stables agreeable, but the avenue was ungraceful and the 
seate naked." The next century and a half, however, must have 
remedied the latter defect, for when the country was expecting an 
invasion by Napoleon at the beginning of this century, Kirby was to 
be the refuge of the court in consequence of its secluded position. 
Evelyn's impression that Kirby was built a la moderne must have arisen 
from the alterations made by Inigo Jones, which, though not vast 
in exient, affected the general appearance considerably. The gardens 
which pleased Evelyn continued to be kept up, for when Bridges 
wrote his history of the county early in the eighteenth century, they 
were *' beautiful, stocked with a great variety of exotic plants, and 
adorned with a wilderness composed of almost the whole variety of 
English trees, and ranged in an elegant order.*' Very little remains 
T)f all this splendour. Variations in the levels of the grass fields 
which now surround the house, suggest terraces and parterres and 
other features of the attractive gardens of two centuries ago. And 
these impressions are further strengthened by the high stone waU 
which bounds the field on the west of the house, and supports part of 
the raised terrace which encloses two sides of the field. The terrace 
itself, broken in places, but still presenting remains of large fountains ; 
the stone bridge, bereft of its parapets, which spans the stream to the 
south, *'a world too wide" for its shrunk waters; the distant fruit- 
trees clustered together in a corner of another field which they 



\ 




KIRBY HALL. 
John Thorpe's Ground Plan. (Rkducbd), 



Fii-Ji-Thdik N.rtii*; ifi« 



Kirby Hall. 5 

brighten with their blossoms every spring — all give fleeting and 
tantalising glimpses through the veil which Time and decay have 
thrown over the scene since the dancing chancellor's day, and make 
us wish that the picture had been preserved which Bridges mentions 
as *' a view of Kirby as in lord chancellor Hatton's time with him in 
his coach returning home." But we^can guess the sort of picture it 
was. The house recognizable as a whole, but treated with a fine 
impatience of prosaic detail j the perspective of a conventional 
kind ; and somewhere, drawn by prancing horses ridiculously small 
and attended by bounding dogs ridiculously large, the coach appears 
through the windows of which is visible a head, traditionally ac- 
counted to be that of my lord chancellor. 

Much has been written about my lord chancellor, who came to 
court "by the galliard," as Sir Robert Naunton says in his Fragmenta 
Regalia, and all the world knows how he danced his way into 
Queen Elizabeth's favour. That he did so to some effect, this house 
of Kirby, the far larger one of Holdenby, and his house near London 
in Hatton place, Holbom, are sufficient testimony. Yet he died in 
disgrace, and his last days were embittered by the queen's dunning 
him for large sums which he owed her. The devolution of Kirby 
upon his nephew, and then upon a somewhat distant kinsman, has 
already been referred to. The son of this distant kinsman achieved 
considerable distinction. He was made a Knight of the Bath at the 
coronation of Charles i., and manifesting great loyalty to the king, 
he was created Baron Hatton in 1644. After the Restoration, he 
was made Governor of Guernsey, of which island he wrote an 
account, ** said to be admirably well done," as Bridges has it. After 
his death in 1670, his son succeeded him in the governorship; and two 
years later was, together with his family, the victim of a terrible 
explosion, caused by a powder-magazine being struck by lightning. 
His wife and mother were killed, as also was the nurse attending 
upon his two infant children. He himself was unharmed, but 
carried in his bed by the force of the explosion a distance of some 
yards, and the two children were rescued unhurt from the midst of 
the ruins.* This event is alluded to in his epitaph in Gretton church, 
which afterwards proceeds to relate how he married again, and yet a 
third time. He was created Viscount Hatton by Charles 11., and 
died in 1706. 

As bis fathers before him, so he and his descendants after him, all 
left something of themselves to add to the interest of their home, 

• A poem on this incident waa written by the late Earl of Winchilsea, and 
published in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine^ April, 1873. 



6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

dowD even into the second qaarter of this century. Then came a 
change. The house was first neglected, then left to take care of 
itself. It fell gradually to decay ^ became a quarry from which to 
build houses and mend roads, and an old curiosity shop from which 
to get panelling and carving, the grace of which the age could 
admire but hardly emulate. It came to be the bourne of pic-nic 
parties and bean-feasters ; and many a rustic junketting took 
place within the walls where once ''my grave lord keeper led 
the brawls." Roof after roof fell in, wall after wall plunged into the 
abysses that once had been habitable rooms, but nothing could destroy 
the beauty of what remained. Like the Sybilline books, the value of 
what was left increased with the loss of what was destroyed. A 
fair sight it is, though tinged with. a gracious melancholy, to see the 
coupled chimneys, curved gables, and mullioned windows of Kirby 
rising between dark masses of foliage away beyond the sloping turf 
that lies chequered with the lengthening shadows of solitary trees. 

J. A. GOTCH. 

The fac-simile, on reduced scale, of John Thorpe's ground plan 
of Kirby Hall is, by permission of Mr. Batsford, copied from Mr. 
Gotch's Architecture of the Renaissance in England, now in course of 
publication by Mr. Batsford. 

For the drawings of the arms, crests, badge, and motto, of the 
Stafford family carved on Kirby building, we are indebted to Mr. 
T. Sbepard, of Kingsthorpe. £d. 

678. — Papers relatxmo to Sir Cbristophbr Hatton.— The 
following papers relating to Sir Christopher Hatton and his financial 
affairs, are in the hand- writing of Lord Ellesmere, Attorney General 
at the time of Hatton's decease^ now preserved at Bridgewater House. 

[Draft Warrant tor payment to Sir Ch* Hatton.] 
Indorsed by Lord Ellesmere ** Warrant for Sir Ch. Hatton " and 
in another hand •* A Warrant fop Mr Vice-Chamberlyen for 2500 
buUyon." 

** We greete you well & lette you wytte that whereas our trustye 
& well-beloved servant Ch. Hatton, knight hath made humble 
complaynt vnto vs, that he by bis Servantes factors and deputyes, 
about iiij yeares past, disbursed & payed the sum of for 

dyuers sylks, hanginges & other furnyture of housebolde, bought at 
Andwerpe for his necefsarye use and provision -, which at the late 
sacke of Andwerpe were vyolentlye and wrongfuUye taken from him 
by the Captaynes & Souldyers of the Kyng of Spayne : And that 



Hatton Papers. 7 

for the recovery thereof or satisfaction for the saoie^ he hath made 
sandrye petjcions & meanes, and as yet can gette no redresse as in 
good eqaytye he oaght to have. Now we consydering his inha- 
bylyty to beare so great a losse, and myndyng his reliefe in this 
behalfe, are pleased and content to employe & grant to oar said 
Servante so mach of such syluer bullyon brought into our realme by 
Francis Drake, now knyght, as shall amount & wyll make in 
standarde syluer now in our mynte to be coyoed, to the value of 
(the coynage being by vs defrayed or allowed) Wherefore 
our wyll and pleasure is that you delyner vnto our said Servante so 
much of such and the same bullyon as is aforesayd remaynyng in 
your custodye, as shall amount and wyll make in standarde syluer to 
be coyned as is aforesaid, to the sayd value of Taking of 

hym su0ycyent bond to our use for the repayment thereof to vs our 
heyrs or successors, within weekes next after such tyme as he 

the said Ch. Hatton, his etors or admors shall be thereof fully freed 
or satysfyed by vs our heyrs or succefsors or by the said kyng of 
Spayne his heyrs or succefsors of & for the sayd some of 
And these our letters shall be your snfifycyent warrant & dyscharge 
in this behalfe/* 

The sum is not stated in the draft, but at the back it is indorsed 
thus : ** A warrant for M' Vyce-chamberleyn for sB2^oo bullyon." 
The date may be ascertained, therefore, by seeing when Hatton was 
vice-chamberlain. He became lord chancellor in 1587, and died in 
September, 159 1. 

[Account or Sir Ch* Hatton's liabilities and assets.] 
After the death of Sir Christopher Hatton and Sir William 
Hatton his nephew, the affiiirs seem to have got into chancery, and 
a statement of Sir Christopher's debts and credits was laid before 
Lord £llesmere, from which the following particulars are extracted. 
It had connection no doubt with the debt reported to have been 
vigorously claimed and enforced by Queen Elizabeth, and which is 
said to have caused Sir Christopher's death. 

An Abetraot of the Inyentory taken in the life tyme of Sr Ghzifltopher 

Hatton Lo. Ghaonoellor deoeaaed. /i\ « , ^, 

Jewela ...... 7168 16 

Plate 7662 7 11 

Honahold StnfBB 8968 18 1 

Stock ft Cattell .... 4818 14 

Axmor ...... 1088 12 4 

Apparall 1386 16 

Instnunents of mnoicke . . . 61 



Surnnia 81083 18 4 



8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



A note of the debts of the Lord Ghannoellor and how he appojmted 
the same to be discharged, which Sir WiUm Hatton vndertooke to per- 
forme according to the chardge given him by his Vncle and subscribed his 
name therevnto the 2 of September 1590 which was a jere and two 
moneths before the Lo. Ohauno. dyed 



Debts. 



Vpon Interest 
Oweing ypon specialities 
To Artizans &o . 
The greate Debt 



6830 

8200 

1700 

48037 



Somrna 64817 
Which debt to the Queene before his death grew to be 4000]i more. 



The Discharge. 
By the Inuentory 
Ghurchhill 

Wymington & Hough . 
Wouencote Bectory . 
Ely plase 
Inland 

Fynes of leases in Cheshire 
Importer of wynes in oertayntii 
Otherwise in expectation 
Mr John Poole his debt 
Sir Rowland Harley 
The Earle of Oxon . 
Fainshawes Offic . 
"Wooll Money. 



31000 








10000 








8000 








1800 








2000 








2000 








2000 








3000 








2000 








690 








100 








100 








1500 








1000 









Summa 65190 



In another part of the same paper 
Christopher Hatton is thus divided : 

To the Queene .... 
To the Subiect 



'the great debt" of Sir 

. 18071 12 2 
23647 8 5^ 



It also seeras that an entent had been issued for the recovery of 
the money. It appears that after the death of his ancle, Sir W. 
Hatton took letters of administration, and that his widow was 
his executrix " and proved the will & tooke also letters of Adminis- 
tration of the goodes of S' Christopher not administered." It is 
made a complaint against Sir W. and his widow that tbey had 
" exhibited no inventory at all." 

The following is a statement of the property in the hands of 
Lady Hatton after the death of Sir William, but the account bears 



Hatton Papers, 9 

DO date; it was probably made out soon after the death of Sir 
William, who seems not long to have survived Sir Christ' : — 

"The Lady Hatton hath a lease for 21 years of S* Deux in 
Kingsnorton in the County of Northampton worth about 10" a yere 
above the rent. 

" She hath the Parsonage of Long Buggby in the same County 
thone moytie for yeres & thother moytie of S' Christopher Hatton of 
the clere yerely rent of 100". 

'' She hath another lease there of 2 water milles for terme of 2 
yeres after eight yeres expired, worth 10" a yere 

*' Shee hath a lease of warren out of the Dutchie worth 40" a yere 
clere 

'' Shee hath a lease of Knaseborough in the same countie for 
terme of 60 yeres w*^ cometh in possession about 3 yeres hence and 
will be then worth 100 marks a yere clere. 

^ Since the death of Sir William Hatton there hath bene 
receiued by my Lady for landes sold by S' William Hatton & per 
furniture of householde, fynes, & some other old debts the some 
of 2382". 

'' Which her La'ps officers doe affirme to haue been paide for the 
debts of S' Christoper and S' William Hatton." 

[Report of Sir Christopher Hatton*s Debts.] 
" The Copie of the Report delivered to Sir John Fortescue under 
the handes of 

Sir John Popham Lo ChefiE Justice of £ngland 
Chas Yelverton 
Tho Fleminge 
'•We her Ma^ Cheif Justice and Solliciter Generall being 
required to conferr with M' Attorney Greneral concerning the state of 
Sir Christopher Hatton's debt, and the Lease of his landes passed by 
the Lo Treasourers warrant doe finde the same for aniething yet 
appearing to us to stand thus. 

" The continewance of the Extent at so low a rate will be a good 
meane to drawe both the heire male & heire generall to assent to a 
sale for the speedie payment of her Ma^ debt, to which sale for the 
speedier satisfaction of her Ma^ M' Attorney will most willingly 
assent. And of somuch as shall be so solde to free it of the lease so 
fan* as shall lye in him, and of his wife*s dower. And if the heire 
male or heire generall will not assent to a sale then shall her Ma^ 
by force of this extent and lease taking hold of it according to the 
lawe enjoye the extent after the rate of one thousand markes by 
the yere until fortie thousand poundes be peide, which is three score 
yeres from the beginning of ibe last lease, which was made to 



lo Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

beginne at the Annunciation of our Ladie in Anno 37*, which is for 
six and fiftie yeres yet to come and somewhat more. And by this 
meanes the overplus of the thousand markes ^ Ann which is reserved 
upon the lease which is 833" 6» 8^ & which her Ma^ is to have in 
advantage above the extent amounteth in the whole in the tyme unto 
fortie & £ve thousand three hundred thirtie and three poundes six 
sbillinges and eight pence over & above her debt being more then 
was expected upon the making of the lease, whereof she hath already 
receaved 2916" 13* 4^ and aSove which if her bighnes please she 
may deteine besides her debt. 

" All which will be a meane to drawe the heires the rather to 
assent to a sale and thereby her Ma^ sooner satisfied of her debt. 

''And by this meanes (as it is now founde out) it is verie 
beneficiall to her Ma^ that the landes were extended at so low a rate. 

** M' Attorney doth acknowledge that this lease was made without 
lawfull warranty & yet being under the Great Seale for anie thing yet 
appearing to us the lease standeth good in lawe; the interest whereof 
(as is affirmed) remaineth in the Tates and the Lo Hatton hath but 
the use of it for life, and after is lymitted to the daughter of Sir 
William Hatton. And yet if the lease shold be yeelded up he saith 
he hopeth somuch of her Ma^^ gracious favor seeing the lease 
standeth good in lawe as that there shall be allowed to his wife her 
competent dower. And the said dower being allowed the landes 
remayning unsold not being, as is affirmed, full 4000" by the yere, 
and the landes of the heire male which are affirmed by the heire 
male not to be subject to the extent, being also taken out, then will 
there growe, as M' Attorney affirmeth, no benefitt to her lA^S^ to 
haue the lease yeelded up. 

"And seeing, as he affirmeth, it cannot be for her Ma^^ benefitt 
to have it yeelded up (his wifes reasonable dower being admitted) his 
humble petition is, that it would please her Ma** to permitt his wife 
with her gracious favor to enjoye it for terme of her life only, having 
no Joincture at all made her by her late husband and having paide 
more in debts then the goodes left her doe amouute unto us hereafter 
appeareth. 

" All the Jewells that came to Sir Willm Hatton^s handes after 
the death of the Lord Chauncellor were solde to the Countesse of 
Shrowsburie and others for foure thousand three hundred five 
poundes three shillinges ^\se pence ob, being solde for present money. 

" Saveing one blewe saphire which he used to weare at his shirt 
string, which only came to the La Hattons handes, as M' Attorney 
affirmeth the La Hatton will avowe upou her oathe. 



Hatton Papers. ii 

"Which foure thousand three hundred five poundes three 
shillinges and v' ob was presently hereupon paide to her Ma^ in 
parte of payment of her Highnes debt. 

"For the goodes in Middx the sa[nie] being extended by the 
Sherrife of London were by order in the Exchequer to remayne with 
Sir Willm Hatton as his owne proper goodes for that he paide 
^139" 5' upon sale of his inheritance, in satisfaction of parte whereof 
he was to retaine the saide goodes, so as those goodes are now 
deteined as Sir Willm Hatton*s owne goodes. 

'* Sir Willm Hatton solde so much landes and leases as amounted 
to fourtene thousand, six hundred fourscore two poundes, parte 
whereof was paide towardes her Ma** debt and the residue for the 
payments of her subjects debt, which as some of the witnesses 
examined in this cause doe affirme they haue heard it was her Ma'^ 
pleasure should in anie wise be paide and as they alleadge may be 
infured upon the saide order. 

'* Sir William Hatton sold so much of the Lo Chancellors goodes 
as he receaved, three thousand five hundred seaventie six poundes 
thirtene shillinges and nynepence. 

^* All the goodes & chattells which were the Lo Chancellors, and 
were not solde away or altered by Sir Willm Hatton, and came to the 
Ladie Hattons handes besides the saide goodes in Midd doe not 
amounte to one thousand poundes, as by an inventorie shewed to her 
Ma^ Solicitor Generall ready to be exhibited in the Arches doe 
appeare. 

"And the Ladie hath paide for Sir Christopher Hatton's debt 
with the interest thereof since the death of Sir Willm Hatton foure 
thousand eight hundred nyne poundes whereof they have shewed the 
particulars, and as it is affirmed the La Hatton will be ready to 
affirme upon her oathe. 

"Out of the state of the goodes & landes of Sir Christopher 
Hatton solde there hath bene answered to her Mat^e 12 164'* 18* lo**. 

" And to the subject paide in the life tyme of Sir Willm Hatton 
23647" 8' 5* ob. 

"And by the La Hatton since [his] (dcj death 4809° 12*. 

" So with the wante of the Jewells there appeareth unto us there 
have bene more paide by Sir Willm Hatton in^his life tyme, and by 
the Ladie Hatton since his death to her Ma^* and the subjects then 
appeareth to us that the goodes of Sir Christopher Hatton came unto 
by 1240* !• ^^ ob. 

" But by la we her Ma*^ ought to have bene satisfied before the 
subject.*' 



12 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

[Dealing with the Portions of his Younger Sons.] 
" To my Sonne Walter my second Sonne uppon whom for some 
Causes known to himself I cannot as securely settle what in my love 
I meant him ; yet that he be not wanting of meanes fitt to maintayne 
him in some moiderate way as my Second Sonne I doe hereby declare 
that I intended to have given unto him All those Lands Tenements 
and hereditaments which I lately improved and inclosed out of 
H alii well Westfenne in the County of Huntingdon whereof there 
lyeth in a place called the Lake a hundred acres of March ground 
and neere unto the same fifty acres more of march grounds in 
the same Westfenn severed by Ditches And all those Lands Pastures 
and enclosed grounds lying and being uppon the Heath adioyneing 
called Halliwell Heaih otherwise Summersham or Bluntisham 
Heath the said inclosures containeing three hundred and three score 
acres All lately improved and inclosed by me And all those severall 
pastures Marsh and Fenn grounds lately improved by the Queene's 
Maiesty out of her manners lying in the Soake of Summersham and 
Halliwell Westfenn. All which severall Closes Pastures Marshes 
and Fennes which were purchased joyntly betwixt S' Thomas Hatton 
and me ioyntly containeing in all twelve hundred acres or thereabouts 
And whereof wee had a fine and other conveyances in law This 
moity of mine in the said Lands of the Queene together with the 
before mentioned Lands of mineowne in Halliwell I esteemed a foure 
hundred pounds per annum and intended them unto my Sonne 
Walter for his portion But of late it is come to passe that those 
Lands which I purchased ioyntly with S' Thomas Hatton as also 
those improvements which I made in the manner of Halliwell 
and Needingworth both upon the Heath and in the Westfenn in 
Halliwell and had severally inclosed and imbanked the same are now 
of late by violence of the Tennants thereabouts throwne open and the 
fences pulled downe and destroyed so that the vallue of these lands 
are become of much lefs yeerely worth then they were when I intended 
them to my Sonne Walter And for that I fear he will not be of 
power or have meanes to reduce the same to the state they were in 
Therefore I have thought fitt hereby to declare and I do hereby will 
devise and appointe that whereas I have lately purchased of the 
Wingfields out of the Manor of Keysoue in the County of Hunting- 
dun divers Lands and several pasture groundes Conteyning in all 
neere seven hundred acres of pasture for which I had six. hundred 
pounds a year rent I do hereby for the reasons aforesaid revoke and 
make voyd y intention or guift before mentioned of those lands in 
Halliwell Needingworth and Summersham Soake to my Sonne 



Hatton Papers. 13 

Walter And I doe hereby will and devise the said lands and every 
part and parcell thereof unto my Sonne Edvi^ard and his Heires who 
may better struggle with the said tennants than my Sonne Walter 
could have done for holding of the same in severalty as I had them 
. . . . And whereas I have payd for the Lands of Summersham 
Soake which I bought from the King and Queenes Maiestie it being 
part of the Joynture the sume of four thousand poundes or there- 
abouts And Sir Thomas Hatton hath or should have paid as much 
to Mr Harry Jermy who was suiter to the King for the same and 
had and received our moneyes therefore And he and his Brother 
Mr Thomas Jermy gave us a statute of tenn thousand pounds for 
making good of this sale w^ lands are since entred vppon violently 
by the Tennants of Somersham and the proffitts thereof taken from 
us after wee had enclosed and fenced the same Now therefore our 
resent must be to take the benefitt of that Statute for our recompense 
So that I account it debt due unto me whereof I give & bequeath 
the one moity to my Sonne Edward the other moity to ray Sonne 
Walter and that all due Course of Law be used & taken for the 
recovery thereof." 

678*. — Letter from the Court at Holmby.— Among the 
MSS. at Bridgewater House is the following letter from Sir 
Robert Naunton to Lord Chancellor Ellesroere, dated 19th August, 
1 6 16, on the subject of the "many petitions from Sir Richard 
Champernown " with reference to a private suit pending between 
him and the heirs of the Earl of Devonshire, deceased. It 
appears from the letter that the Lord Chancellor had furnished the 
King with his ^* opinion concerning the cause." It had been of long 
standing, and the King urged Lord Ellesmere either to decide it 
himself or to call to his assistance the Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, Justice Doddridge> Justice Crooke, or other learned persons 
acquainted with the facts and circumstances, as it would be impossible 
to satisfy either party " by way of composition." The King, through 
Sir Robert Naunton, urged the Lord Chancellor to put an end to the 
proceeding before the next term. The letter shows that James did 
not scrupleto interfere in judicial matters, and it is locally interesting 
as having been dated ** from the Court at Homebie." 

" It may please your Lp. His M a^ upon receipt of many petitions 
from Sir Richard Champernown & upon his serious perusal of your 
Lps accompt given him of your owne honorable opinion concerning 
that cause, hath commanded me to write unto your Lp and as from 
him selfe to let you know that he conceiveth that the further delay 
or suspension of a cause so notorious in the world & so important in 



14 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

it selfe from sentence, after so manj & so deliberate hearings as it 
bath received wold draw more scaudale & imputation with it then 
any sentence whatsoever, be it in favour or prejudice of either partie 
can doe. In contemplation whereof he bath thought good to offer 
to your Lps second advise & consideration, whether sithence some 
of thos assistants it pleased your Lp to call unto you at the hearinges 
past are worne out and gone, whether your Lp may not in good 
congruitie & style of Court either proceede to decree the cause your 
selfe or take unto you some other such new assistants as ar not 
unacquainted with the passages and merits of it, such as his Ma^ 
hath bene informed ar my L. Cheife Justice of the Common Pleas, 
M' Justice Dodredge, Justice Crooke, or such other as your Lp shall 
^ hold most iitt? By way of composition his Ma^ is of opinion it 
will bee very hard to satisfie either of the parties, or justice in it selfe 
the one being so farre aforehande in intercepting both the revenues & 
the goods ; and the o^her having susteined so much travail & charge 
in pursuite of their pretended right. Neither doth he hold it likely 
that they who have the intire injoyment and possession of all will 
easily be induced by any amicable or voluntary treatie to call into 
question what they haue held all this while as theyr owne of right, 
unlesse they shalbe judicially contented and drawen up by* Subpoena 
or some other binding course betwene this & the next rent day 
(every halfe yea res rent still giving them more hart & strength to 
maintein all they haue done be it right or wrong) or unlesse a 
sequestration may formerly be made of the meane profits of the lands 
in question, untill the cause shall receive a finall determination, which 
his Ma^ is more inclinable to wishe it might be dispatched at your 
Lps best ley sure, which he presumeth wilbe best sometime before 
the Terme & to that intent bathe he commanded me to propound 
euery of these Inquisitions particularly unto your Lp & to require 
backe in writing your Lps best advise & counsail by way of aunswer 
to his Ma^ to resolve him punctually how so important a cause may 
best be expedited & decided by a mature speedy & effectual pro- 
ceeding. Having thus acquainted your Lp with what I had in charge 
from his Ma^^ it remaines that I humbly crave your Lps favorable 
construction & pardon of my owne many defects which I can not 
but acknowledge and your honorable acceptance of my ancient 
devotions which I have so long ought and longed to justifie by the 
best services in my poore power, in which I will perseucre 

" Your Lps most devoted & bounden 
*^ From the Court at Homebie, '* Robert Naunton. 

August 19^ 1616." 



A Washington Will. 15 

679. — A Washington will at Lbicbstbr. — In looking 
through the wills in the registry I have met with the following will 
of " Richard Washington of if rowles worth." Who was he ? I see 
there was a Richard, brother of Sir William Washington of Packing- 
ton, CO. Leicester. There is a seal attached with these arms— a 
fesse between three fleurs-de-lys. The will is dated 11 July, and 
proved i September, 1666. 

" In the name of God, Amen. Know all men by these presents 
that I Richard Washington of flfrowlesworth in the county » 
of Leicester being weake in body, but of perfect memory and 
understanding, blessed be God, do make this my last will & 
Testament, ffirst I comend my soul into the hands of Almighty 
God hoping for salvation by the merritts of Jesus Christ, & I 
comit my body to the earth, decently to be interrd in the church- 
yard of ffrowlesworth afforesayd, and concerning my worldly goods 
my will and pleasure is should be disposed of in maner and forme 
following : 

Imprimis, I ftiYQ unto Levj my eldest son the snroo of five shillings. 

Item, I give to my Daughter Anne the sume of five shillings. 

Item, I give to my daughter Jane the same of ten. shillings. 

Item, I give to my son Richard the sume of two shillings sixpence. T'^ - ^ ^ 

Item, X give to my sone Edward the same of ten shillings. 

Item, I give to my son John the same of twentjr shillings. 

Item, I give to my son Allen the same of Twenty shillings. 
' Item, I give to my daughter Katherine the sume of Twenty shillings. 

Item, I g^ve to my sonne William the sume of flfbrty shillings. 

My will and pleasure is that the afForesayd sumes of money shall 
be payd to Levj, & my daughter Anne, & my daughter Jane, and 
my son Richard within one Twelvemonth next after my decease, and 
the other sumes of money given & bequeathed to my younger 
children shall be payd when they come to age, and in case the 
younger children should dye before they come to age my will and 
pleasure is that the afforesayd sumes of money shall be equally 
divided amongst the younger under age that survive. Lastly my will 
is that I do appoint and hereby constitute Katherine my endeared wife 
solely and entirely executrix of this my last will and Testament, & 
I do appoint Richard Hinman and Michael Underill overseers of this 
my last will & Testament. In testimony whereof I have hereunto 
set my hand & seale this the eleaventh day of July Alio Dmi 1666. 

Sealed and signed in the presence of X 

Ro. Smith the marke of 

William Cooke Richard Washington.** 

Bhangton Rectory, Leicester. HenRT Isham LoNODEK. . 



1 6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

679*. — Bratbrookb Church : its Wall Colourations. — 
During the work of restoring the walls and roof of the nave and aisles 
of this church, some interesting wall-paintings have been exposed, vary- 
ing in style and pattern according to the layer on which they lie. 
On removal of three or four coats of whitewash, frames only were 
found with notices of bequests or texts, but so imperfect as to be 
worthless. These for colourations date about 150 years ago. Under- 
neath this layer comes one with coloured scroll-work, colours being 
scarlet, black, and white. Underneath this layer, in portions of the 
church, are geometrical patterns in black and orange ; and the earliest 
colouration consisted of a yellow wash on the bare walls with a black 
(rough) running dado border, and waved to a point at intervals, with 
rough scroll ends. In the north aisle the only distinct pattern 
was on a large space between the two north windows, of which, 
colouring tracings were taken before the unsafe portion of the wall 
was taken down. The outstanding design was a straight scroll frame 
of twisted bands of black and red, bordered with orange, central 
spines of white. Within the ground pattern in chocolate red of 
hexagons, with central design overlaying all, and what may be 
presumed to be a candlestick with rushes rises round the foot. On 
the cross bar, seven candles, the three centre candles passing through 
a circle with a triangle in the centre. 

In the south aisle (which, like the north aisle, was originally a 
private chapel), on a hard plaster (the lowest stratum), has been 
successfully uncovered a full figure of a woman standing on a pig 
or swine; the bead and one hind leg of the swine have been 
unfortunately destroyed. This figure, drawn in black rough lines, is 
most likely Maud Swinnerton, who died in 1361 a.d., and the 
following details point to this. The wooden effigy of Sir John le 
Latymer lay on a marble slab close under. On the left hand of the 
figure has been uncovered the face and shoulder of a knight, on the 
right has been uncovered a piece of a shoulder and spear head, whilst 
below a swine*s foot. Knowing that Maud Swinnerton married 
first a le Latymer, and secondly a Swinnerton, it is probable that the 
figure on the left is the effigy of le Latymer, her first husband, and 
that on the right, with the swine's foot below, Swinnerton, her second 
husband. Maud Swinnerton was lady of the manor of the west 
hall fee, and there is still a twenty acre field, originally called 
Maudcroft, now corrupted into Madcraft in local dialect. Unfor- 
tunately, owing to repairs of walls at different periods, only samples 
of patterns can be procured ; but enough to show that the church at 
one time must have been decorated throughout. 

Braybrooke Rectory. J. R. H ARE WILL. 



r 



Kettering and its Worthies. 



»7 



680. — Bridges* "Northamptonshire/* — Notes and Queries of 
March 5, 1892, has the following note, which I think should also 
be recorded in " N. N. & Q." :— J. T. 

" Correction of Error in ' History of Northamptonshire.'— May * 
I request your inserting a correction of an error in the ' History of 
Northamptonshire/ by Bridges and Whalley, vol. ii. p. 181, ed. 1791, 
where the following statement is made : ' Irchester. Incumbents.— 
Nic. Mason occur. Vicar 1623, sep. 15 April 1642/ There is a 
burial in the parish register on that date, but it is that of his 
daughter Mary. I have a certified extract: '1642. Mary daughter 
of Nicholas Mason clerke was buried April 15/' The Rev. 
Nicholas Mason held other preferments subsequently, and died rector 
of Bletsoe, Beds, where he was buried on June 6, 167 1, as appears 
from an inscription in the chancel and the parish register. 

''Nathaniel Haslopb Mason." 

681. — Kbttbrino and its Worthies. — Mr. Fredk. Wm. Bull's 
Kettering* is an interesting addition to local literature. Kettering, 
according to Skeat, was originally Cyt-er-ing, " a tribe (or clan) of 
cottars." Possibly the Romans were acquainted with the place^ and 
had iron furnaces there ; but the first record of the town is in 956, 
when under the name of " Cytringan " it was granted by King Edwy 

to his thane 
^Ifsige the 
goldsmith. 
Kettering 
history be- 
gins here. 
In 972 King 
£dgar grant- 
ed Kyterin- 
gas to the 
Monastery 
of Medes- 
hamstede 
(Peterbor- 
ough). At 

the Domesday survey "St. Peter of Burg*' held ten hides at 
*' Cateringe." In 1227 Henry iii. gave a grant to the Abbot 
of Peterborough authorising him to hold a market at Kettering j 

• A Sketch of the History of the Town of Kettering together with ilime 
Aoconnt of ita Worthies By Fredk. Wm. Boll XUustrated by Hagh Wallis. 
KsTTSBive : Northamptonahir* Printing and Pobliihiog Co., Limited. 1891. 




1 8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

and three centuries later Queen Elizabeth granted the site of the 
Manor of Kettering, but not the Manorial rights, to Sir Christopher 
Hatton^ one of her favourites. In 1629, it is stated, the Earl of 
Westmoreland, ''to his great charge, builded a very faire sessions 
house at Kettering.*' A sketch of this old building appears in Dash's 
collection, and on page 17 we give a representation of it from a 
drawing by Mr. Herbert Norman. Kettering about this period took 
its share in the anti-Ship-tax agitation and in the Civil War. In May, 
1643, Colonel Hastings made the town a rendezvous of the Royalists. 
In 1655 a curious election took place. The extract given by Mr. 
Bull is from the collection of Mr. Lee, formerly town clerk of 
Northampton. Bridges quotes it from Lee, and Mr. Bull takes it 
from Bridges. It is worth reproducing. 

Sir Gilbert Fichering was bhosen, in 1655, one of the stz knights of the 
Bhire, whum the Proteotor Cromwell and his council directed to be returned 
for this coonty (Northamptonshire). The manner of bis election is preserved 
to us by an eye-witness of it. The freeholders, by the appointment of Major 
General Butler, were assembled on Ketterinff-heaXh ; and the Sheriff having 
read the writ, the Major named himself and the five following Gentlemen, 
Sir Oilbert Pickering, Mr. Crew the younger, the Lord Cleypole, Jamet Langham^ 
Esq, and Major Blake. Having first named Sir Oilbert, he rode round the 
heath with a party of his own, crying a Pickering, a Pickering, and coming to 
the Sheriff ordered him to set him down as duly elected. The other five were 
successively returned in the same manner. At the same time Colonel Benaon 
with a larg^ body of electors was on the heath, and proposed without any 
notice being taken of his nomination, Mr. Knightley, and other considerable 
Gentlemen of the county. 

A MS. diary in the possession of Mr. John Taylor fixes the day 
of this extraordinary proceeding as August 20th. The writ ordered 
the election to take place at Kettering. The Northampton MS. 
mentions that a large number of the members returned to the 
Parliament were refused adipittance by the Protector, " but," very 
naturally, '* none from this countie." 

In 166 1 Charles 11. granted to Lord Rockingham the right to hold 
yearly three fairs at Kettering. The grant also gave Lord Rocking- 
ham power to levy all usual tolls, &c., and to hold at each fair a " Pie 
Powder " or ** Dusty foot *' Court, whereat all disputes arising in 
connection with the fair were to be settled. 

Kettering, like most towns in the country, was visited by the 
plague in the seventeenth century : — 

The Kettering burial register distinguishes hy a special mark— the letters 
"pi** — those who were supposed to have died of the plague, and it appears 
that between 18th July, 1665, when the first burial so marked took place, and 
May 20th in the following year, 80 persons were carried off by the scourge. 
The dep6t for provisions during this period seems to have been in Goosepasture 



Kettering and its Worthies. 19 

Xjoae (Gas Street), and in order to prerent contagion the money paid for the 
goods had to be plaoed in a square hollow, filled with water, in the centre of a 
hng^ stone. The stone is still in the possession of Kr. Eldred, and may once 
perhaps hare formed the socket for a cross. 

It is said that as a consequence of the severity of the plague at Bothwell, 
Bothwell market had to be held at Kettering, and that it was never afterwards 
held at Bothwell. It is also asserted that the water trough just mentioned 
was speoiRlly provided to prevent Rothwell people who visited Kettering 
spreading the disease. On the other hand, however, some assert that the 
plague was confined to the Qaa Street portion of Kettering, that the people 
inhabiting that portion were kept there, and the stone was provided to prevent 
contagion when they paid their more fortunate fellow-townsmen for food. 

A fire at Kettering in 1679 destroyed about 20 houses, and in a 
tract containing the "True Relation *' of this fire at "Cottering in 
Northamptonshire," it was conjectured that the fire was caused 
*• by some Popish Agents, those Harbingers of mine, whose con- 
tagious Nostrils belch quotidian Flames." In 1744 another serious 
fire destroyed 26 houses. A copy of the Letters of Request ^ printed 
by W. Dicey, is given in full in " N. N. & Q.," vol. i. p. 68. In 
Mr. Dash's collection in the British Museum there is a very 
interesting list of Kettering fires from 17.A2 to 181 1, with the 
amounts paid by insurance offices for losses. 

A bread riot, fortunately not very serious, broke out at Kettering 
on August nth, 1795. Mr. Thomas Gotch, writing to his son, John 
Cooper Gotch, tbe following day, said : — 

I am sorry to tell you of a riot we had at Kettering on the day you went 
away. About 10 o'clock in the morning 5 load of flour passed through; the 
people seemed much inclined to stop them — the last waggon was stopped some 
little time, but got by. About one o*clock, just as we were at dinner, came by 
a load more with 6 or 8 soldiers ; the people attempted to stop it, and engaged 
the Blues with stones and drove them back. They then stopped it, and 
attempted to bring it back, but they overturned the waggon on Warren Hill* 
This brought together a vast crowd of people ; they would not suffer the 
flour to be taken away. Hr. Maunsell came, and the Blues were ordered out» 
the trumpet blew to arms. Mr. Maunsell rode down street at the head of 
them. When they got to the mob they would not disperse, he reasoned with 
them for 8 hours — the soldiers all that time surrounded the flour — at last was 
obliged to read the Riot Act : then the soldiers drew their swords, but the 
people would not go away. The soldiers loaded the flour and began to drive 
the waggon away, the mob shouted and pelted them; at last with drawn 
swords they turned on the mob and rode furiously among them. A soldier 
whom I saw myself attempting to cut a man, was thrown from his horse ; a 
pistol was fired — some say by the mob. I was there, but never saw the like 
before, and never wish any more. ... At night the mob became desperate, 
broke Abram Mee*s windows. There were no persons dangeronrly wounded — 
some few were hurt— God knows what the end will be : the town today is 
quite still. 

3* 



w 


w 


w 


4 


1 


1 


1 


3 


2 


2 


2 


di$ 


8 


4 




5 


5 





20 Norihamp tons hire Notes and Queries. 

A race meeting, called a '* Horse Match," for £i$, was run for at 
Kettering on August 22nd, 1727. Six horses started, and there were 
four heats. "An Historical List or Account of all the Horse Matches 
run .... in 1727 '• (" N. N. & Q.," vol. ii. p. 137) says :— 

On the 22d of August, the following six started for a Plate of 15/. Yalae, 
at Kettering, the Weight heing 10«^. 

Sir Bd. Obrisn'B Qrej H. Cod'sSe^ ... 2 
Mr. Tipp0n*B Ghee. G-. CrippU .... 5 

Mr. AshVa Bay M. Leicester-MoU^ . . . 1 

Mr. Fbrter'B Bay M. Valmtine .4 

Mr. Underwood'B Ches. G-. M$rry-Ball . . 8 

Mr. UyeoeVB Qrey G. Skip-Jaek . , . dit 

In the Gentleman* s Magazine for September, 1 736, are the follow- 
ing lines: 

Of female proweae let Alesit tell, 
Who in a late enoonnter Tanqnish'd fell. 
By oompany aUiir^d, on pleasure bent, 
He, the last moon to KetVring races went, 
Where lords and louts, and belles and beans resort, 
Grave priests, and conntry 'squires to see ye sport : 
Farmers, and f oxhunters to custom yield. 
And humbler thistle-beaters take the field. 
This pastime o*er — to diff'rent sports they fall. 
Some game, some drink, and some frequent y« ball ; 
This last Alexia chose (unhappy chance ! ) 
And leads up bright Belinda in the dance. 
When swift the buxom damsel whirls him round. 
And lays her partner fainting on the ground. 
Asham'd and vex'd th' inglorious foil to bear 
Afresh he leads up the too vigorous fair. 
Till thrice (so oft the fates his shame repeat) 
The doughty hero swoons beneath her feet. 
She, not oonoem*d a whit, the victim leaves, 
And brisker Lanum in his stead receives* 

The Inclosure Act was passed in 44th of George iii. (1803-4). 
The Reform Act of 1832 made Kettering the nomination place for 
North Northamptonshire. At the first election a severe contest 
took place between Lord Milton and Mr. Hanbury (afterwards Lord 
Bateman) on the one side, and Lord Brudenell and Mr. Tryon on 
the other : — 

Numbers of special oonstablea were sworn in, musio echoed through the 
streets, flags and bansers streamed from nearly every window, erowds poured 
in from all quarters, favours glittered on every breast, the tumultuous shouting 
in the Market Place at the hustings was pretty nearly incessant, speeches were 
made from the baloonies, there were numerous feastings at the public houses, 



Kettering and its Worthies. 21 

tnmnlts and riots without iinmber, and finally the chairing of the saooeMfnl 
candidates — then indeed Kettering began to feel itself a town. At a later 
election a rather memorable scene occurred on the Market Hill where the 
polling booth was set up. The nomination was about to take place and the 
hill was crowded with people when a troop of yeomanry, led by John G^rge 
of Bythom, came galloping np and attempted to sweep the crowd ofP the 
market place in order that the candidate they favoured might obtain the larger 
show of hands after the nomination. The special constables, however, who 
formed a cordon round the crowd, stood firm, as also did both political factions, 
and the yeomanry were unsuccessful. Naturally irritated at his non^sucoess, 
the taunts of a half-witted fellow in the crowd so enraged John George that 
he drew a pistol and pointed it at him, but he dodged behind the crowd, who 
felt anything but comfortable until the candidates induced George to hand the 
pistol to them on the platform of the booth, where it was discharged in the air. 

The pistol was actually taken from George by Mr. John Davis 
Gotch, uncle to Mr. J. Alfred Gotch, one of the County Councillors 
for Kettering. An eye-witness of the scene has told Mr. Gotch that 
bis uncle said imperatively to George, ''Give me that pistol," and 
George gave it to him. The first election referred to above resulted 
as follows : — 

Lord Viscount Milton • 1565 

Lord Viscount Brudenall 1540 

William Hanbury, Esq 1 458 

Thomas Tryoo, Esq 1268 

No. of Electors Polled 3065 

Kettering was illuminated with gas for the first time in 18343 
and in 1842 the jubilee of modern missions was celebrated, the first 
missionary meeting having been held at Kettering on October 2nd, 
179a. The railway reached Kettering in 1857. 

The principal trades of olden Kettering, such as silk, plush, and ribbon 
weaving, linen-making, lace-making, and wool-combing, which were in full 
swing at the beginning of this century, have gradually died out, giving place 
to the trade of boot and shoe manufacturing now so largely carried on here, 
and to one or two minor trades such as the manufacture of clothing and 
corsets, and also certain machinery and other items necessary for the boot and 
shoe trade. It is believed that Hr. Thomas Gotch was the first to cunmience 
the manufacture of boots in this town ; but although he opened his factory 
about 1790, it was not until about 1857 that the shoe trade began to develope. 

Mr. Bull has shown considerable perseverance in gathering notes 
from all manner of sources, and he has arranged them with due 
regard to chronology. The collection will be of use to the future 
historian. It is divided into seven subjects: (i) The Town and 
Manor, (a) Local Government, (3) Ecclesiastical History, (4) The 
Nonconformists, (5) Endowments and Charities, (6) Notabilia, and 
(7) The Worthies. Above is a precis of the first division. Local 
Government deals at length and in a very interesting manner with 



22 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

(i.) the Workhouse, which a vestry in 1717 decided to erect; (ii.) 
Parochial Rates; and (iii.) very briefly (in much less than a page), 
Present Government. Considerable pains have been expended in 
making the history of the church as complete as possible. The 
church is pleasantly described, and much information, from North, 
is given about the bells. The Church Endowments, The Advowson 
and List of Rectors, and The Registers, have each a chapter. In 
the section devoted to The Nonconformists, the Friends, Indepen- 
dents, Baptists, and Wesleyan Methodists, are each taken in turn, and 
evidently much care has been bestowed upon making their histories 
as full as possible. No mention, however, is made of a Baptist 
church having issued a Confession of Faith, which was printed upon 
a large single sheet, evidently for placing upon the wall. We give 
a copy of the heading below. Particulars of this body would have 
been of great interest in Nonconformist history. 

The Union, or Jomt Agreement of several Members of the Chnroh of 
Ghrirt, assembling at a Place called the Tabemaole, or New Chapel, 
in Kettering, Northamptonshire. 

CoTSiTTBT : Printed by W. J. Pieroy.* 

The " Notabilia " section is of varying value. The first chapter, 
'* Kettering Stone," describes from Morton a stone which has 
nothing to do with Kettering ; " The Local Press " mentions The 
Citizen, but fails to record its migration from Northampton. The first 
number, published Thursday, February ijth, 1844, was printed at 
Northampton by John Cooke Westbrook and Henry Isaac in the 
Drapery; the volumes for 1845 ^nd 1846 (till June) were partly printed 
by Westbrook and Isaac, and partly by Westbrook and Brown. 
The first number printed by Mr. Waddington at Kettering was 
No. I., New Series, published Wednesday, July i, 1846. " Tokens 
and Medals " gives descriptions from the pages of " N. N. & Q." 
of the Kettering issues. There is a valuable glossary of local 
place-names j and a copy of a MS. of the late Mr. T. H. Gotch, 
describing the Market place towards the end of last century. It is 
accompanied by a plan of the Market place in 1785, just when the 
eleven houses forming Rotten Row were being pulled down. The 
Sessions House already mentioned was pulled down in 1805. 
" Street Names " is a valuable contribution. 

* Mr. Pieroy printed Two Discourses at the Ordination of Mr. Qeorge 
Moreton in 1771 ; and also published a tract on Open Communion, by John 
Brown, in 1777. Mr. Moreton was successor in the ministry of the " Newland 
Pond" Ghurdi to Mr. John Brown, who had seceded and formed another 
cause in the town. Mr. Brown eventually, about 1786, sold his chapel and 
went to London, and possibly it w^ his newly-formed church that issued the 
Confession. 



Kettering and its Worthies, 23 

*'Tbe Worthies" of Kettering number, according to Mr. Bull, 
twenty-three, including '* Old York," who followed the occupation of 
a pig-jobber, and died about 1832, at the age of 100 years. Un- 
doubtedly his exploit was worth recording, and his trade honourable 
and necessary, but " Old York," from these two facts alone, ought 
scarcely to be admitted into the select company of tlie two Tollers, Gill, 
Fuller, William Knibb, Dr. Gotch, and other men of power and light, 
whilst some of Kettering's best men are excluded. There is a valuable 
record of the Gyll pedigree in Nichols' Collectanea Topographica 
and Genealogica. It is a pity Mr. Bull did not give himself a little 
more time to the biographical portion of his book. It is disappointing 
not to find a word about Mr. T. Dash, Kettering's publisher and 
collector, nor of his son, Mr. W. Dash, who have done as much for 
local history as almost any men the county has seen. Mr. Dash, 
the elder, presented the engraving in Bridges' Northamptonshire of 
the " Tokens and Town-pieces of Northamptonshire," the specimens 
being chiefly from Mr. Dash's own collection. The collection of 
pamphlets and books connected with the county, made for the most 
part by Mr, Dash, sen., was, out of respect to his memory, presented 
by his son (the late Mr. W. Dash), to the Northampton Museum 
Reference Library. This comprises many tracts relating to the 
Northern division of the county that are unique, indeed it would 
be simply impossible to obtain them at the present time. Mr. Dash 
only stipulated with the museum committee that whatever duplicates 
were found in the Taylor collection, his own "collection be preserved 
in its entirety ; ** and " if at any future period the contents of the 
Library of the Museum be dispersed, this collection be transferred to 
some other Public Institution.** It is disappointing, too, to find 
nothing about the great Norwich family. It is curious that " John 
Norwich, baker," was one of the trustees for the sufferers by fire 
of 1744. A descendant of Sir John Norwich, died some 30 years 
ago in Kettering workhouse. It is disappointing also to find an 
autobiography of Mr. John Plummer, who soars so far into the 
regions of fact as to tell us that roses grow in that gentleman's 
garden in Australia, and apple-trees may be seen "elsewhere." 
Plummer was not a native of Kettering ; but was a foreman operative 
in a Kettering stay factory. This is not the sort of stuff county 
history is made of. 

The biographical portion of the book is illustrated with excellent 
portraits of Thomas Allen, Andrew Fuller, John Gill, William 
Knibb, Thomas Northcote Toller, and Thomas Toller. Indeed the 
illustrations throughout are exceedingly good. Beside these six 



24 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

portraits there are eight fine drawings by Mr. Hugh Wallis. They 
are very beautifully done, in fact most of them are perfect little 
pictures. There is also £ayre's map of the town {drai 1720), as 
well as the plan of the Market place already mentioned. By kind 
permission of the Northamptonshire Printing and Publishing 
Company we reproduce the engraving of the Old Grammar School, 
which is a good specimen of the illustrations. We have only to 
add that the book is beautifully and artistically printed (except 
the title-page) on the best of paper, and is dedicated to Mr. 
John Wallis, whose collection of records relating to Kettering is 
extremely valuable. We wish the book had been a specimen of the 
Kettering press, as is the case with Rockingham Castle and Ike 
Watsons : and we hope Mr. Bull will be able to issue another edition, 
including notes of the additional items we have mentioned. 
Valuable notes upon the history of Kettering appear in a paper by 
the Rev. Canon Lindsay, read before the Leicestershire Architectural 
and Archaeological Society at their general summer meeting held at 
Kettering, June 4th, 1867. The articles which appeared in the 
Kettering Observer during 1884, entitled ''Kettering Past and 
Present," by Mr. Askew Roberts — connected by marriage with the 
Toller family — are very valuable, and were worth printing in a more 
available form. 

The following notes of booksellers and printers and of works 
issued from the Kettering press are taken from the Collection of 
Tracts presented by the late Mr. W. Dash to the Northampton 
Public Library, and from the Taylor collection. 

Mr. Nathaniel Collis issued catalogues of several important 
libraries of books, the earliest of which we have met with was the 
entire library of the Rev. Mr. Shuter, rector of Kibworth, dated 
Monday, the 24th of September, 1770 ; and the entire library of 
the Rev. Mr. Boyce, minister at Kettering, sale to begin on the 
3rd of October, 1771. In 1789, the library of the late Rev. 
Rowland Hunt, D.D., is catalogued as being sold by Nathaniel 
Collis & Co. In 1793, the libraries of the Rev. Mr. Ward, 
author of the Natural History, with other choice libraries, are 
catalogued as being sold by N. Collis and T. Dash. In 1818, 
Rules and Orders of a Benevolent Friends' Society, is printed 
by Mr. T. Dash. In 18 19, a catalogue of English and Foreign 
Divinity is issued by Mr. Thomas Dash. Mr. William Dash 
succeeded his father Mr. T. Dash 5 the first catalogue we have 
of his is. dated 1840. In 1837 ^ handsome service of plate was 
presented to Dr. Corry j a copy of the address with Dr. Corry's 




ILibtx Cuitumatum ITiIlar fiorljimptonix. 



Kettering and its Worthies. 25 

answer has the imprint of W. Dash. Mr. W. Dash also printed 
in 1839, * sermon preached by Dr. Corrie on 30th April of that 
year at the Archidiaconal visitation. In 1838, a Memoir of Miss 
Wright, of Kettering, who died October 2nd, 1837, is printed by Mr. 
William Dash. His stock consisted of the choicest bibliography, 
and was of larger extent than any between London and the great 
libraries in the North ; this was due to Kettering being upon 
the chief Northern main road, and was, as now, surrounded by 
the residences of many of the Northamptonshire aristocracy who 
in those days were collectors of rare books. In 1883, the whole 
of the stock was disposed of by auction, after W. Dash*s death, by 
Messrs. Puttick and Simpson. 

A Funeral Sermon for Mr. John Hennell, of Kettering, was 
printed by J. Downing, in 1809. Rules of the Kettering Friendly 
Society, assembling at4he Free School, was printed by him in i8io. 

Periodical Accounts Relative to the Baptist Missionary Society 
were printed by J. G. Fuller, in 1813. Mr. Fuller was the son of 
the ReF. Andrew Fuller who was one of the originators and also 
secretary of the Baptist Missionary Society. 

The first book published by Mr. Joseph Toller was, a volume 
of bis father's sermons, entitled — 

Short Pisoonnies for the nae of Families, by the late Thomas Northcote 

Toller, of Kettenng. 
Lovsom: Hoaldflworth and Ball, 1SS3. 

Mr. Toller commenced business in 183a, not succeeding any one, but 
Starting an entirely new trade. He continued till 1880, when he retired. 

682. — Death op Mrs. F. M. Hartshorne. — The death 
announced of Mrs. Frances Margaretta Hartshorne, in her 87th year, 
is the severance of an interesting link with the past. The deceased 
lady was the last surviving child of the Rev. Thomas Kerrich, a 
descendant of an ancient family long settled in Norfolk, Vicar of 
Dersingbara, Prebendary of Lincoln and of Wells, President of 
Magdalen College, and Principal Librarian to the University of 
Cambridge. Mr. Kerrich was a distinguished antiquary and con- 
noisseur, and was born so long ago as in 1748 — twelve years before 
the commencement of the reign of George iii. His name is well 
known among archaeologists by his collection of drawings and MSS., 
and the valuable series of early royal and other portraits bequeathed 
respectively by him to the British Museum and the Society of 
Antiquaries. Mrs. Hartshorne's grandfather, the Rev. Samuel 
Kerrich, d,d,, also Vicar of Dersingham, and Rector of Wolferton 

4 



26 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

and of West Newtoo, was living in the reign of William iii., and 
became a friend of Sir Robert Walpole. Dr. Kerrich having been 
bom in 16^6, a period of nearlj two hundred years is thus covered 
by three generations — a very rare occurrence. Mrs. Hartsbome, who 
inherited much of her father's taste and talent, was the widow of 
the well-known author and antiquary, the Rev. Charles Henry 
Hartshome, Rector of Holdenby, co. Northampton, and chaplain to 
their graces the seventh and eighth Dukes of Bedford. The funeral 
took place at Holdenby on January 7th> i8q2. 

683. — The Isham Reprints. — In September, 186^, a remark- 
able discovery of a number of very rare, and in some instances 
unique, early editions of poetical and other works of the Elizabethan 
era was made at Lamport Hall by Mr. Charles Edmonds, who had 
been requested by Sir Charles Isham to examine and report on the 
library generally. The library itself contains many valuable and rare 
old works, but the more precious items already referred to were found 
in an upper room which had been for many years kept locked up, 
and whither had been removed a quantity of old and unbound books 
for which the library did not afford space. In going through this 
collection, Mr. Edmonds was rewarded by the discovery, amongst 
other interesting books and tracts, of an entirely unknown and 
unique edition of Shakespeare's Fenus and Adonis, dated 1599, 
within the vellum covers of which were also bound The Passionate 
Pilgrime of the same date, and the suppressed Epigrammes and 
Elegies of Davies and Marlowe, and the latter's version of Ovid's 
Elegies, Four other unique editions of poetical works of the same 
period were also found bound together, viz. : — Emaricdulfe, by E. C. 
Esquier, 1595 ; Celestiall Elegies, by Thomas Rogers, Esquire, 1598 5 
Virtues Due, by T. P. Gentleman, 1603 5 and A Commemoration on 
Sir Christopher Hatton, by John Phillips, 1591. On account of the 
interest excited by the discovery of these books, it was deemed 
advisable to print a limited edition in fac-simile of the more 
notable amongst them and of these reprints we are now enabled, 
by the courtesy of Sir Charles Isham, to give a brief account. 

First in interest, as also in importance, is the Fenus and Adonis, 
of which the title-page, adorned with two woodcuts, is as under : — 

VENVS 
AND ADONIS. 
Vilia miretur vulgut : mihi ttautu ApoUo 
JFocula CMialia plena miniBirei aqua, 
Imprintod at London for William Leake, duel- 
ling in Paulei Chnrchyard at the vgne of 
the Greyhound. 1599. 



The I sham Reprints. 27 

The size is small octavo (the original measuring \\ by 3^ inches), 
a ad the poem is contained in 27 leaves, each page, except the firsts 
comprising four stanzas, while the dedication to Lord Southampton 
occupies two pages. The reprint is a verbatim reproduction of the 
original, the title-pages, ornamental letters, and head and tail-pieces 
having been cut inyac-nmz7e, and the letterpress imitated as exactly as 
possible, all the typographical and other errors being conscientiously 
retained. 

The second part of the volume, the first edition of The Passionate 
Pilgrime, consists of 30 leaves, i6mo, the measurement being 
identical with that of the previous work. The title-page is as 
follows : — 

THB 

PASSIONATE 

vnaxaa. 

By W, 8hake3pear0. 

At London 

Printed for W. laggard, and ar« 

to be sold by W. Leake, at the Gr^- 

bonnd in Fanles Chnrohjard. 

1589. 

A second title-page (to a section of The Passionaie PUgrime) 

reads : 

SONNETS 

To sundiy notes of Mnsioke. 

At London 

Printed for W. laggard, and are 

to be lold by W. Leake, at the Gr^- 

honnd in Panlee Oharohjard. 

1699. 

One curious feature of this production is that the leaves are 
printed on one side only, with the exception of the three last, which 
are printed on both sides in the ordinary way. Each page has 
ornamental head and tail-pieces. 

The third part of the reprint contains : — 

EPIGRAMMES 

and 

ELEGIES. 

By I. D. and 

CM. 

At Kiddleborongh. 

This is without date, and though in the editor's opinion not the first 
edition, is still a very early one. According to Ritson, the date of 
the first issue was 1596-7, but none of the several editions contain 



28 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

printer's name or date. The author of the " Epigramraes " was Sir 
John Davies, who in after life became distinguished as a statesman, 
and was Lord Chief Justice at the time of his death in 1626. The 
" Elegies " were the juvenile production of Christopher Marlowe, who 
subsequently became famous as a dramatist, and met with a violent 
and shameful death in 1593, in the 31st year of his age. This tract 
consists of twenty-six leaves. The title-page to Marlowe's " Elegies " 
reads as follows : — 

OERTAINE 
OF OVIDS 

ELEGIES. 
By C. Marlow. 
At MiddleboroQgh. 

The reprint was executed in 1870 at the Chiswick Press, aud is 
of course most excellently printed on hand-made paper, each part 
being preceded by a preface by Mr. Charles Edmonds, and the 
whole bound in vellum, with strings, in imitation of the original. 
Mr. Edmond's prefaces contain lists of all the known early editions 
of the various pieces, and other important literary and historical 
memoranda. The impression was limited to 131 copies — 100 small 
paper, 25 large paper, and six on vellum. Each copy was numbered 
and signed by the editor. A copy is in the Northampton Public 
Library. Sir Charles Isham has been offered £i,ooo for the original 
volume. J rp 

684. — LiBBR CUSTUMARUM ViLL-B NoRHAMPTONIJE, CirCQ 
1460 (164, 628, 671). 

Capitulum xxvij°» 

[Of those that sell Straw.] 

Allfo hit is purveide that no man that bereth burthens of hey or 

of flrawe pefe ftrawe or bene flrawe into towne ne come hit nougt 

doum on the erthe from his bedde till they haue solde hit And if thei 

done lefe they the burthene 

Capitulum xxviij'™ 
[Of those that sell Timber.] 
Pvrveide hit is allfo that no man that bryngetb in to the toun 
tymber wode flokkes grete tymber or affhe ne come hit not down to 
the kynges grounde fFor to latten hit lyen ther tille he haue solde hit 
All though he may not selle hit And who so dothe hit lefe he the 
tymber wode or flokke to the pro&te of the Baillifis 



^i^ «t ^rfctA (• i^ «.n-4l«» «^ oft, '^ „^ Xfc 

Mux lAant teftl^t^ &« gef «uIm«» |M«i«si fcM 

^ rySWe ^^^ f««>«n «»«« a>&«ti^^in«VM^ 
^,&w.%^ S»5«fc e«V ^ <>».« ;1"r*» ^««1' <?•♦««« (Mat ^ 

^^^ifmK ^fotM ^eur^^i»* «i«^< /W«m*m .ftm-BCf 4««*v«*. 
^fi.A« ^* *f *U-«" «*« tf « -^/J* (M«» *»«-«>«« <*« 

^L* *^»*S? (v»aiJ4m ».flr«CtW (V-««*- Oj?* *»*f«- •^-'^ 



ILibtt (ruitumanim FiKar ^orljamptonia:. 

FOLIO. 10.A. 



Liber Custumarum. 29 

Capitulura xxix'^ 
[Of those that buy Hides anywhere but in the Market.] 

Allfo puraeide hit is that no man of Norbampton marchaunde ne 
other goo owte of the town of Norhampton at non of the gates nyge 
or ferre with jnne the ffraunchife for to meten the men of the 
Countre That bryngen fEelles or wolle to sellen flFor to byen ffelles or 
wolle of hem in non other stede But in the kynges merkett of 
Norhampton ther too sertenly affigned And who ther of be ou^rtaken 
that he goo with owte the gates or id howfe or in hydirmuke for 
felles or wolle elles where to byen But in the kynges chepyng Os hit 
is seide be he in the mercy to the town of ijs with owte reles 

Capitulum xxx^*™ 
[Of those that buy Food anywhere but in the 
Market and of Reoraters.] 
Pvruede hit is allfo that no huxfler man nor woman of Nor- 
hampton ne gon owte of the toun at non of the gates ne in no ftrete 
ne in howfe ne in other hydyoges But in the kynges chepyng ther to 
Affigned for to byen no manure of vitaile That is for to feyne 
ffyfihe nor hennesnor kokkes norchefe eyren nor non other vitaile nor 
wode nor cole for to derthen the vitaile And no man ne bye suche 
thyng be forn the prime be Rungen at All Halowen Chirche And 
that the regraters byen alway tho forfeide thynges in a sprteyne ftede 
of chepyng ther to afiigned A.nd who so be founde that dothe agayne 
this purviaunce lefe he the catell that in that man^e hem hath bought 
And gite neucrthelefe he fhall ben amercyed at vj* to the Bayllyffes 
And if any Regrater man or woman any of the thynges be fore 
named be fore the houre of pryme hadde bought And seyen that the 
thynges they haue bought to the profite of sum burges of the toun 
Afferme thei thanne or sweren on the halydome that the thynges to 
the profyte of the burges bougten And if they thanne by the Burges 
ben a warded be they quyte And if thei ther of be ouertaken And by 
the burgeys difavoved be they thanne firfte amercyed at vj d and aftir 
at xij d and if they thrife of that fravde ben ouertaken for fwere they 
the crafte a yere and a daye 

Capitulum xxxj"™ 

[Of the employment of Agents for the purchase 

OF Goods]. 

Allfo hit is pvrueid that no Man nor woman that ben of the 

fErauncbife of Norhampton ne enplede othir that ben of the same 

fraunchife owte of Norhampton hi no manere purchas TiUe he that 



30 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

wtlle pleynen hym have the right aftir the vfages of the Town and 
the Courte of Norhampton may haaen And any dothe the contrary 
and ther of ben ouertaken Be he greuoufly Am^rcied And if it fo be 
that he that pleyneth bavith Right aftir the vfages of the toun in the 
Courte of Norhampton nor then may not haue hit Seke thanne his 
purchas ther as he wenyth moAe soueft remedie to haue And w^outen 
chalenge of hem of the Courte Aftirwarde 

Capitulam xxxij^™ 
[Of Children of Men that are put in Prison.] 
Purueide hit is allfo that the children of good men of Norht that 
(hall be put in dufayne ihallen geven ohfolum) and the ftraunge fhall 
geven to the Baillifs iiij* and to the clerke j** and well they hem 
kepen the Baillifs vp grevous amercyment And that thei ne enteren 
no Araunge man in rolle of dufeyn but thei haue other And sikerneile 
of hym of trewth and that he be of ffree condicion And that he be 
prefeuted to the chefe dufeyner 

Capitulum xxxiij"" 
[Of Butchers having Weights.] 
Allfo purveide hit is that no Bocher nor non other haue tronage 
but onlye the BaillifFz and that the troner haue a balaunce hit to 
weyen and the baillyffz of the thynges troned ij<^ and if any man 
selle by a fton or ellis of the tronage Aftir the quantite of the weyght 
and if any man haue with holden Ais tronage And ther of ben 
ou«^taken geue to the to the bailliffs vj^ for his confeylying 

Capitulum xxxiiij"" 

[Of the taking of Hides out of the Town.] 

Purveid hit is allfo that no bocher nor other ne lede ffreflh hides 

oute of Norht to no chepyng to sellen But if it be to fleires And if 

any ther of be ouertaken That hit dothe he be in the mercy of the 

Baillifs of ij* 

Capitulum xxxv**°* 
[Of keeping Watch in the Town.] 
Allfo purveide it is that if any man be sommoned to waken in 
the town that nede ben he fhall sende no man to take wache for hym 
But yf he be manne conuenable and defeniable And that wacche be 
made from houfe to houfe so os it cometh a bougte And that none be 
relefed nor for born but if it be a warkeman that lyveth vppon his 
owne hondes And git not but if ther be seriaunt that he be sommoned 
by witteneffe and he ne come not be he in the mercy of the Baillyfiz 
of vj^ 



Liber Custumarum. 31 

Capitulum xxxvj"" 
[Of hiring Shops at Fairs.] 
Purveide hit is allfo that no man of Norhampton goo to no feire 
be forne othir for to hyren fhoppes for derthyng the ihoppes whan they 
comen And who fo dothe the contrary and ther of be ouertaken fhall 
ben in the naercy of the toun of halfe a marke And yit neuertheles 
fhall make grement to hym that hath the harme by way of his 
gooyng 

Capitulum xxxvij^™ 
[Concerning Loans.] 
Allfo prouyded it is that no marchaunde of Norhampton here by 
forwarde make lone to no knygte ne to non other but if so be that he 
that wolde the thyng borowen be in dette to non other of the toun 
And in this man ere That he to whom he owe^e the dette come to 
hym that wolde the thyng borowen is in his dette And if any hit doo 
be in the mercy at xl* too the town and in this manure That he that 
the dette his owed too may averreyn bi wittnefle that he hath his 
neyghbur in this maner warned 

Capitulum xxxviij™* 
[Of the hiring op Servants.] 
Pvrueid hit is alfo that no man of Norht not receyve any others 
mannys feruaunt into his feruice nor with hym make comenaunt for 
to dwelle but if it so be that he witte ho we and in what manere he 
be departed from his maifter that he served and that he be departed 
in good maner And if any do y' contrary & therof be ouertaken be 
he in the mercy of the bayllyfEz of ij» 

Capitulum xxxix"°| 

[Of Persons making Covenants.] 

Alfo it is purveide and defend id that no coueyne her by forwarde 

ne be made wher thorough the commun and the baillifihep lefen hir 

ryght And if any therof be ouertakeu be he in the mercy to the toun 

And to the baillyfs of xl* 

Capitulum xl"°* 
[Concerning Regratbrs.] 
Pvrueide hit is allfo that no regrater of threde no day be fore the 
houre of prime And that he ne bye nougt no day but only by the 
pounde at the mofle And that they that byen that threde that they 
done it to worken and sen that the threde be gode and counenable 
And tho that byen threde for to sellen that they hit sellen no where 
but in Chepyng That in houfes nor in ihoppes And if any of that be 



3^ NorthampUmshtre Notes and Queries. 

caertaken dot other dctbe be in mercj of the BailE& of tJ* And 
if aoy regnner bfea odier wiie but the ponode of tfarede aoj 6am 
before the boofe of prime and tfaer of be aatrtAen leSt be cfae Citefl 
And if anj bf er be bit man or be bit woman Tbat leditfa the seller 
to bb hofde and bjm makjth not bb fnH piijui c ui for the tfarede 
that hatb boogbt and tbat anon and the plejnt be made to the haiOiCs 
The bmUifz anon pay to the seller Tp to the bajcis pon fnllirbr bis 
payment And than rere the baillife the thjnges of the Catidl of the 
bjer and the bjer be in the mercje of the Baillifffi of x^ 

Capitnlom xlj"" 
{Ou rUWLCHJkSlMQ GooDsS] 
Allib hit b ponieide that if an/ man or woman fef bb pcnj 
▼ppoan any mardiandjze tille that the seller bjm bath granted the 
Biairbaandiie leietb a penj to the profite of tbe baillifz and gode lene 
be to the other That wolle tbat marcbaaodize Aftir byeo And if any 
marcbaand bye be lafle monej than by a ferthjDg bole Bot jf it be 
peltb to parchemjm/ be in j* mercy to ye bailli£i of vj' 

Capitolam xlij^^ 
[Op PLEAOiMO Iff Court.] 
Poroeide hit b alfo that here by forthwarde ne by myHkeanyng in 
the Coorte pledyng but eoery rycfae and pore tel his grete sothenefle 
with owten anj vnderoerojng 

Capitulom xliij"" 
fCovcBRNiHo Workers in Cloth.] 
AUfo hit is awarded tbat no maker of cloth ne pot in his cloth 
thyog tbat is called imp^iall tjngtor or worme ne of white rayes 
dyzynge of barke ne doo other fallfe dyze And if any ther of be 
ouertakea leie be the clothe or be i a the mercy of the toun of j marke 
And that no cloth ne threde be dyzed of erthe but onlyche the threde 
that ine putteth in the clothe imp^riall and if any other maner clothe 
be founden dyzed of erthe aud that clothe be the deifiers and hit be by 
the counceill and the affente of him that hit owith Be allfo that clothe 
lode to the town And if it be not the wille ne of the feute of hym 
that the clothe o withe The deifler for fwere he the Crafte A yere and 
A day And that no deiiler maiftre no clothe w* hym And if anny ther 
of be oufrtaken for fwere he the Crafte A yere and a daye and no 
man make clothe but if the clothe be of refonable feute that is for to 
feyne that the pure elne ne faile lafTe than a peny at the mofte Than 
the belle elne and in the very imperiall i ob and if any ther of be 
ouertaken be he amercyed to the of y* and if he be thryes ouertaken 
forfwere he the craft A yere and a day 



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^$ W. T LAW, %^ 
flucfioneeF ond Oalueir, 

ACCOUNTANT, 

General Business Agent, etc. 

NORTHAMPTON. 

Appraisements for Probate carefully made. 



ECONOMY & DESPATCH. 



1 



Telephone No. 39. ESTABLISHED 18 19. 

HUGHES & CO., 
COAL MERCHANTS, 

1 Mercers' Eow, and Weston Street, 
Northampton. 

HUGHES & CO. 

SELL COALS 

THE HOTTEST, 

THE CLEANEST, 

THE CHEAPEST. 

FOR PRICES SEE LOCAL PAPERS. 



JS"' 



Vol. V. Part XXXV. JULY- SEPTEMBER, 1892. ^_Js^. 

He was shrewd and prudt^P ^(^C 

Wisdom and cunning had their share of Him 'y »ono 

But he was shrewish as a wayward child \ NuV ^D OVC 

And pleased again by toys which chi/dhooek^/ease ; - 

As books of fables graced with prints of f^o^d^^:^ Q ^ p^^^^j:^ 

Or else the jingling of a rusty medal. 

Or the rare melody of some old ditty, 

That first was sung to please King\Pippin^s cradle, 

Sharspearr. 

Northamptonshire 

Notes ^ ^ueries^ 

AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY JOURNAL, 

DEVOTED TO 

The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c.,of the County. 

EDITED BY 

Chirisfopheir fl. (Dairhham, F.S.fl., 

Hon, See, of the Architectural Society of the Archdeaconries 
of Northumpton d: Oakham, 



Contents. 



706 

700 
710 
711 
712 
713 
714 
716 
716 



Ashton of FanlerBpnry, Bnneher of 

Tlffleld 
Ootoh Family of Kettering {portrait) 
William Connor Magee, D.O. 
Origin of tlie Town of STorthampton 
Freaeo Fainting of S. Katherine 
Washingtoniana 
Finedon Dried Applet 
Dudley Family 
Ancient British Drinking Cup {plate) 



717 The Knightleys in Parliament 

718 Northamptonshire Sales: Marriage 

of William and Mary 

719 Wynne Ellis (portrait) •. 

720 Synagogue at Northampton 

721 Professor £. A. Freeman 

722 Franceis, Franceys, Frannceys, 

Frenssh, and Frenshe 

723 Newman Family (arms and pedigree) 

724 The Althorp Library (plate) < -- 



Norttamyton : 

TAYLOR & SON, The DRYDEN PRESS, 9 COLLEGE STREET. 
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The Gotch FamiTy, 65 

708. — AsHTON OF Paulbrsfurt, Bunchbr of Tiffield.— 
The following allegation is from the Canterbury Liher Licentiarum, 
vol. K, fol. 229 : — 

" 16" die Octobris 1632. Which day appeared personally Paule 
Ash ton of the parish of Paules Perry in the Countie of Northampton, 
gent.> and alleagetb that, Mr. William Buncher, Gierke, Parson of the 
parish Church of Tiffeild in the Countie of Northampton, a bacheller^ 
of the age of 25 yeares or thereaboutes, intendeth to marry with Sara 
Ashton of Langley in the diocese of Canterbury, virgine, of the age 
of 24 yeares or thereaboutes, the daughter of Robert Ashton of 
Ramsey in Huntingdonshire, who is willing and consentinge to this 
intended mariage . . . and desireth license [for them] to be maried 
in the parish Church of Langley aforesaid." Signed Paule Ashton. 

The marriage was solemnized at Langley in Kent on October 

'9^' ''53»- J. M. COWPBR. 

Canterbury. 

709. — Thb Gotch Family of Kbttbrino. — Since about the 
middle of last century this family has lived at Kettering, where its 
members have occupied an influential position. The member of the 
family best known to the public was the late Rev. F. W. Gotch, 
LL.o., of Bristol, a learned Hebraist and one of the revisors of the Old 
Testament, who died on the 17th of May, 1890. A memoir, written 
by Dr. Trestrail and published in the Baptist Handbook for 1891, will 
serve to introduce not only him, but other members of the family. 

" My acquaintance with the family," he says, " began in 1833. 
The eldest daughter, Mrs. Thomas Hepburn, still lives at Haslemere. 
There were at home three sons. John had charge of the manufac- 
tory, of a roost animated and genial temper 5 Thomas managed the 
bank, devoting his leisure to scientific pursuits in which his attain- 
ments were neither few nor small 5 our departed friend, who very 
early showed a decided preference for literature and science; and 
Miss Grotch, a lady of personal and mental attractions. The social 
position of Mr. Gotch in the town was as high as it could be. 
Always ready to advise and help every one who came to him, he was 
universally respected and beloved. He held a foremost place in the 
political affairs of the county, and no important step was taken by 
the Liberal party without first consulting him. His position was 
quite unique. His influence was alike extensive and extraordinary. 
He was one of the wisest men I ever knew. Such were the happy 
surroundings, both domestic and public, under which our departed 
friend began life ; and their salutary influence, emanating from the 
calm and vigorous intellect of the father and the benign and gracious 



66 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

temper of bis accomplished mother^ has accompanied that life from 
its beginning to its end." 

The father of Dr. Gotch was Mr. J. C. Gotch, who was grandson of 
the first of the name who is known to have resided in Kettering. The 
family had always been Nonconformists, and had married Noncon- 
formists. Dr. Gotch's mother^ whose '^ benign and g^cious temper'' is 
mentioned in the quotation above, derived her descent by the mother's 
side from Colonel John Okey. a famous parliamentarian *' and zealous 
anabaptist," and one of the signatories to the warrant for the execu- 
tion of Charles i. It could hardly be from this source that Mrs. 
Gotch derived her disposition, if Carlyle's description of him as the 
** fierce dragoon colonel *' be accurate. 

The earliest representative of the Grotcb family of whom any 
particulars are known is one John, who died in 1784 at the age of 
6gj and is buried in the grave-yard of Fuller chapel at Kettering, 
with the serious and characteristic epitaph : 

Death's dreadful advent is the mark of man, 
And every thought that misses it is blind. 

The eldest son of this John was Thomas, who was born in 1748 
and died in 1806. He had two brothers whose descendants have 
passed out of sight, save that Melbourne claims two of them among 
her prominent citizens. Thomas Gotch was a man of considerable 
ability, and attained a substantial position in his native town. After 
the fashion of energetic men in country places he was at the head of 
several considerable businesses. It was be who first started the manu- 
facture of boots and shoes in Kettering, a trade which has altogether 
eclipsed and even annihilated those for which the town was previously 
famous. In connection with the boot-making went the preparing of 
the chief material in the tan-yard, and the dressing of it in the currier's 
shop. But besides carrying on these occupations he allied himself 
with a banking concern which — as Keep, Gotch, and Cobb, then as 
Keep and Gotch, and subsequently Gotch and Sons — was the princi- 
pal bank of the district for some three-quarters of a century ; till 
in i8j7 — a period of general financial difficulty — it was compelled to 
suspend payment His only child who survived infancy was John 
Cooper Grotch, and the affectionate reliance which he placed upon his 
son's help as he himself grew into years and became the victim of a 
tiresome malady, b illustrated in many letters, wherein the parent's 
desire for help and his reluctance to take his son from the fascina- 
tions of the place where he was. learning his business (and whence 
he subsequently brought home his wife), are amusingly and almost 
pathetically mingled. 



The Qotch Family. 67 

There is not much material existing towards a biography of 
Thomas Gotch. He appears on one or two old brown hand-bills 
set forth in faded print as chairman of a meeting ; * and in the pro- 
ceedings under the EDclosure Act in 1804, be claims land for the 
poor of Kettering. It is from his letters that we learn most of him. 
There he shows himself a kind-hearted man, anxious about the wel- 
fare of his wife, his son, and his business, and proud of them all> 
particularly of his son. Now be is in Wales, then at Buxton, then 
at Yarmouth, in search of relaxation and health. York, Liverpool, 
Chester, and Sbewsbnry, were among other towns which he visited, 
travelling all the way in his chaise ; and mingling in bis remarks 
blame of the roads with praises of the town to which they led. 
When the news of the Peace of Amiens reached Kettering none so 
anxious as he that his own house and bis son's should be well illumi- 
nated, lest uncharitable tongues should say that the army-contractor 
was sorry for the Peace; and so they *'made good show at both 
houses, " '* the best show in the town, " and the candles put high in 
the tree by Jos, Abrams with a long ladder, " made very pleasing 
appearance. " 

The celebrated missionary, William Carey, (afterwards Dr. Carey) 
worked for Thomas Gotch before he left shoe making for the study 
of Latin and Hebrew. Indeed it was Mr. Gotch who was the 
means of turning the great evangelist's energies to their nobler pur- 
pose, for seeing the bent of Carey's genius, he gave him a weekly 
sum — a shilling more than he earned by shoemaking — so that he 
might devote his whole time to his studies. In later years it was at 
Mr. Gotch's house that Dr. Carey, Andrew Fuller, and others, met to 
prepare for the more formal meeting at which the first Missionary 
Society was founded — a society which has recently celebrated the 
centenary of its existence. 

* The most mteiesting of these was "A respectable meeting of the 
Inhabitants of this Parish, held at the White Hart Inn [now the Royal Hotel] 
on the 6th of Angost, 1808, Mr. Qotcb, Senior, in the Chair ; * ' when the following 
resolution, among others, was passed :—*' That in the present awful -and 
alarming crisis, when our Gonntiy is menaced with Invasion by a powerful, 
ambitious, and implacable Enemy, we feel it to be our incumbent daty, to 
unite in Defence of our King and Country, that under the Blessings of Divine 
FroYidence, we may hand down to our Posterity those inyaluable Privileges of 
Ciyil and Religious Liberty, for which our Ancestors bled, and which we now 
possess under the Goyemment of our most Qracious and beloved Sovereign. 

'* Signed, Thomas Gotoh, 

*< Chairman." 
One outcome of this meeting was the formation of a corps of Volunteers, 
of which Mr. J. C. Gotch was captain, as mentioned in the text. 

9* 



68 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Thomas Gotcb, '' after an active and useful life, " as his epitaph 
says, died on Januray 20th, 1806, and the whole of his propertj 
together with the management of his large business concerns devolved 
upon bis son John Cooper. In that year the following note occurs 
in the son's hand-writing in his private stock-book. "By the 
lamented death of a much loved and valued Father, the whole of 
the trade devolved upon me ; of course a considerable accession 
was made to my property by his landed estates — may I have grace to 
improve whatever Providence may impart unto me, and, while I 
lament the death of my much honoured parent, may I follow his 
Steps in all that is praiseworthy and acceptable to God.'* This was 
no idle aspiration, for all who knew him will bear witness to his 
earnest and unafiected piety, a quality which will always command 
respect, whether shewn by the orthodox or unorthodox. 

John Cooper Gotch continued to improve the excellent position 
which he inherited from his father, and from that time till his death 
he took a leading part in all matters connected with the welfare of 
the town of Kettering. In 1808, he was captain of the volunteer 
corps, raised, in common with many others all over the country, for 
the purpose of repelling the invasion threatened by Napoleon, and 
on July 25 of that year a handsome sword was presented to him by 
the non-commissioned officers and privates of the corps in recognition 
of his energy in its management and training. The '* scene of inno- 
cent hilarity " that followed the presentation is feelingly described in 
The Northampton Mercury of 30th July, 1808. But though prepared 
if necessary to fight for his country's freedom, he was equally ready to 
avert useless strife, and on one occasion when visiting at Althorp, he 
and the late Rev. Thomas Toller were by their persuasions the means 
of preventing a duel between two hot-headed fellow-guests. 

In the politics of his day he was an important factor. Locally 
he was the leader of the Liberal party, and through Lord Althorp, 
who had a high respect for his judgment, his views, particularly 
on questions affecting Nonconformists, had no little weight with 
the Ministers of the day. Numberless letters passed between himi 
and various members of the two Houses of Parliament, particularly 
Lord Althorp, Earl Fitzwilliam, and Lord Milton, ranging from 
the year 1814 up to 1847. '^^o of these from Lord Althorp are 
of sufficient interest to be inserted. 

Hy dear Sir, 

Broagham intends to proceed with his bill— the rest of this letter I 
write to you in confidence and shall be obliged to yon not to state what I say. 
I spoke to Bzongham about his bill and told him I thought he was giving too 
much power to the Parsons, and that I was rather surprised from my 
knowledge of his opinion that h$ should do so. He answered me '^ nonsense, 



The Gotch Family. 69 

if tlie DiBsenten know what they are abont they will etxpport my bill and in 
the end throw the Parsons entirely over ; if they oppose it they are giving the 
Parsons who are many of them enemies to education an opportunity of throwing 
the blame of opposing it npon the Dissenters and yon may depend upon me I 
will not give the Clergy one inch more of power than is absolutely necessary." 
These were as far as I recollect his words, I am sure they were the substance of 
what he said to me and he added that W™ Smith and many of the leading 
Dissenters here were favourable to his bill. This is all I know about the 
business and I have no doubt that Brougham is sincere in not intending to 
increase the power of the Church, he may certainly be mistaken. For myself 
I think you are under a great deal too many restrictions already and if you 
convince me that this bill will increase them, much as I wish weU to the cause 
of education I shall oppose it. Another subject on which I was going to 
write to you is the recent conduct of the House of Commons ; No man now 
can gravely assert that they have any pretentions to say that they express the 
feelings of the country. If the people choose to submit well and good and 
they must be satisfied to be told by Lord Castlereagh that they have been 
imder a delusion, but if there is a grain of English spirit left Petitions for 
reform of Parliament will come from every Parish in the Kingdom ; County 
Petitions will not do but Parish Petitions are the things to look to. I do not 
mean that they should be for universal suffirage or anything of that kind, but 
generally for such a reform as will give the people a greater influence on the 
dedfiions of the House of Commons than they have at present. For really 
the House of Lords act more like the representatives of the people than the 
House of Commons. I must again beg you not to shew this letter to any one 
and to be cautious to whom you state what my opinions upon these two 
subjects are. ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ 

Yours most sincerely, 
Albany, Feb. 12, 1821. Amhobp. 

Hy dear Sir, 

I will present 3rour petitions and of course support them whenever an 
opportunity offers. With respect to the present state of Politics I agree very 
much with you, we are unfortunately in a state that we have only of two evils 
to choose the least, and that is to support the present Ministers. I am not 
very sanguine as to any good being done but there is a chance; if the old 
Ministers came back into power there would be no chance at all. Our chance 
now is that Canning has no efficient support that can preserve his power 
except what he gets from the Whigs and it is therefore his interest to pursue 
such measures as will conciliate us. I fear however he has another power 
drawing him the contrary way. I put no confidence in his principles or 
inclinations, but I think he will do that which appears to be his interest and if 
I should be right in my opinion of what his interest is he may make a good 
Minister. 

House sf Commons, Yours most sincerely, 

June 1, 1827. Ai^khobp. 

The letters from Lord Fitzwilliam are chiefly concerned with 
local matters 5 bat not a few of them indicate that the writer bad freely 
placed at Mr. Gotch*s disposal large sums of moDey in connection 
with the banking business. For although the shoe business was lucra- 



70 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

tive> it was chiefly as a banker that Mr. Gotch was known, and 
probably on this account he became treasurer to a great number of 
societies and undertakings in the district. In the welfare of the poor 
of the town he took, like his father before him, a keen interest ; for 
many years he was chairman of the Board of Guardians, and it was 
during his tenure of that office that the present workhouse was built. 

Towards the close of his life his health prevented him from taking 
so active a part as he used in public affairs. His letters, which were 
remarkable for their easy and fluent diction, and the bold hand in 
which they were written, became short and irregular in their lines, 
and not infrequently one of his sons replied in bis father's stead. 
One of his last public appearances upon an important occasion was 
when he presided in 1842, at one of the meetings celebrating the jubilee 
of the Baptist Missionary Society already referred to. He was auditor 
for the Baptist Missionary Society from 18 16 to 1820; and was on the 
general committee from 1830 to 1843. He was honorary member 
from the latter year till his death. In 1852 on May 23rd he died, 
and was buried with his fathers in the burial-grround of Fuller chapel. 
His epitaph does him no more than justice in saying that *^ By his 
strict integrity, active benevolence, and Christian consistency, he 
secured in a remarkable degree the respect and esteem, not only of 
this Christian Church, of which he was for many years a Deacon, 
but also of all classes in this town and neighbourhood.'* * 

Of his wife, the mother of Dr. Gotch, there is not much to record. 
She was a Miss Davis, a daughter of John Lambe Davis of Chesham 
in Buckinghamshire, who, as well as his father before him, was the 
agent of the Dukes of Bedford. One of the Lambes from whom 
Mr. Davis was descended achieved the remarkable distinction of 
surviving an attack of the plague in 1665. Those who recollect Mrs. 
Gotch will remember how quiet, placid, and even devout she was, and 
will the better appreciate the following story. Some free-spoken 
squire being desirous of seeing Mr. Gotch called at his house. Mr. 
Gotch was out, but the visitor was shown in by the servant, who 
merely told her mistress she was wanted. The visitor was unknown 
to Mrs. Gotch and no doubt her face indicated some measure of sur- 
prise uppn her suddenly confronting a stranger. In recounting the 
circumstances afterwards in his own way, the squire described 
how he had been shown in, how Mrs. Gotch had entered the room, 
and how on seeing him she exclaimed, " And who the d — 1 are you ? " 

* At the tune of the eeoessioxi of Mr. Jenkinson from the '< little Meeting," 
[now the Fuller Church] during tjie pastorate of the Rev. J. K. Hall, Mr. 
Jenkinson addressed his case to the public in the form of Letters to Mr. 
J. C. Qotoh. 



The Gotch Family, 71 

Mrs. Gotch survived her husband some three years ; his daughter 
Frances only a few months. And so the house where his own 
youth had been spent, from which his father retired to make way 
for the son after his marriage, the house which had witnessed 
one of the earliest movements towards the formation of the 
Baptist Missionary Society, which had been illuminated for joy at 
the Peace of Amiens, and which had never been clouded with the 
gloom of death, became for some years a house of mourning. 

Talent as distinguished from genius is undoubtedly hereditary, 
and from such progenitors we look for sons who shall be men of 
mark. There were three (as mentioned by Dr. Trestrail), John 
Davis, Thomas Henry, and Frederic William, who growing to man's 
estate in that prosperous little Midland town, which reminds us 
so pleasantly of Mrs. GaskelFs *' Cranford,*' gave evidence that they 
would worthily uphold the traditions of their sires. In accordance with 
popular belief in the case of three brothers, the youngest was the 
most distinguished, and our narrative will mainly concern itself with 
him. It was not till he had reached the age of 22 that Frederic 
"William Gotch decided on his career for life. In a letter dated 25 
May, 1830, he tells his father that some months before, Mr. Toller 
(the Rev. Thomas Northcote Toller, distinguished father of distin- 
guished son) had advised him seriously to consider the propriety of 
*' engaging in the ministry,*' and had pointed out that his already 
developed taste for biblical studies would, if united with real piety, 
prove a great advantage in that career. Such advice from such a man 
was regarded as "a call,*' and ere long Mr. F. W. Gotch was entered a 
student at Bristol Baptist College, whence he proceeded to Trinity 
College, Dublin (the English Universities being then of course barred 
to Dissenters). The Biblical and other studies which he had pursued 
after leaving school now stood him in good stead, and he readily 
obtained his b.a. degree, which was followed in due colirse by the m.a., 
and later by that of ll.d. He was in general little concerned as to 
personal honours and repute 5 but this last degree did for a time cause 
him some solicitude. As soon as the world began to dub him 
"Dr. Gotch" he saw the importance to his character that it should be 
known his doctorship was not of that doubtful order which since the 
days of Dr. Goldsmith has been too rife both in medicine and 
divinity. It is hard therefore that the obituary notice of him in the 
handbook of his denomination already referred to labels him d.d. 

Such a point as this would have roused his sense of humour, a 
quality for which the family is notable. It was a marked characteristic 
of both his brothers, especially Thomas, and is not wanting to the 



72 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

third generatioD. The sense of humour is an invaluable possession, it 
is as a panoply to a man in many of the hardest passes of life> and 
from day to day is always a solace and a refuge. It it apt however to 
leave its possessor reputable rather than great 5 a man of humour will 
not make a fool of himself, but neither will he do those great deeds 
which necessitate running the risk of looking like a fool in the doing* 
We say this not unmindful that some of the great men of action were 
men of humour too. For good or ill, however, the fiEimily under notice 
bore this trait ; as when Thomas, already 86 years of age, genially 
told a son who had just been visiting the sick rooms of various mem- 
bers of the family suffering from influenza, and who remarked that 
he had been the round of the wards, *' and now you have come to the 
incurable ward j " or when Dr. Gotch explained among friends the 
advantage he enjoyed as a Nonconformist Revisionist, because he 
ranked with the Bishops, whereas if he had been of the Establishment 
he must have figured as an archdeacon or a rural dean. 

In 1836 Dr. Gotch left Dublin and became the pastor of a small 
church of 67 members at Boxmoor. It may be thought that a niral 
church of few members was little likely to appreciate the learning 
and scholarship which had now become his special characteristic, and 
possibly with truth ; but no such thought would appear to have 
disturbed Dr. Gotch, who was perfectly free from personal vanity, and 
in after years would say that he should have found full occupation for 
thought and energy had it been his lot to spend his whole life in that 
service. It is a curious fact that another eminent Hebraist, the Rev* 
B. P. Pratten, was among his successors in the pastorate of Boxmoor. 
By the year 1841 his varied powers had become so clearly recognized 
that he was appointed '' Tutor of Philosophy and Natural Science '* 
at the Stepney Baptist College. 

These subjects will surprise those who have thought of him mainly 
as a student of language — a Hebraist before all — but Dr. Gotch was 
by nature and by early training a man of science. His elder brothers, 
John and Thomas, as well as he, had been pupils at '' Mr. Comfleld's 
Academy " in Northampton. Mr. Cornfield was evidently an original 
fellow, and probably far from an ideal schoolmaster except in this, 
that he held the enthusiastic admiration of his scholars and imbued 
them with a love of learning, of art, or of science, which was worth 
more than mere instruction. He was himself a keen astronomer and a 
clever mechanic, making his own telescopes and (what is more than 
mechanic's work) grinding the lenses himself. In Thomas Henry 
Gotch he had a most apt pupil, whose love of scientific pursuits lasted 
throughout the 70 years to which his life was prolonged after he left 







THE REV. F. W. GOTCH, LL.D. 



The Gotch Family. 73 

school, and whose memory for technical details of astronomy (for 
the distances and dimensions of the planets for instance), was a 
marvel to those who were fresh from the study of such matters. 
Thomas however was only able in his early years to devote his 
leisure to such pursuits, and in later times trouble and ill health 
prevented any sedulous application, but his one publication, Logar- 
ithmic and Trigonometric Tables^ which appeared in 1836, will give 
some measure of his powers and of his industry. Such tables were 
then less common and far less correct than now, and these had their 
origin in the desire to give the world a correct set in a volume of 
convenient size. The labour involved in the mere correction of 
proofs was appalling, to say nothing of the original labour of calcula- 
tion. A volume of 300 pages of closely printed figures, 1 1 columns to 
a page, was read and re-read with its predecessors, with Callet's tables 
of 1783, with Hassler's American tables, with Professor Babbage's 
and with Bagay^s. The result of these comparisons was the 
detection of some errors in the tables of every compiler ; Babbage*s 
were almost perfect, but ten errors were discovered and placed on 
record. The volume was published anonymously and copies can only 
be recognized by the imprint, ''Kettering: printed by Joseph Toller;" 
the publishers were Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. We must hold it a 
great pity that the name was withheld — a man should have the credit of 
his work, and a man's work should have the credit of its author's 
character and attainments, but such abstention was characteristic of 
Thomas ; and it was characteristic of Frederic, most of whose literary 
labours were anonymous, appearing in such works as the Encyclo- 
pcddia Britannica, Dr. William Smith's Dictionary qf the Bible, Dr. 
Kitto's Cyclopcedid^ &c. 

Such early scientific associations make it less surprising that' 
Dr. Gotch should be at home as a tutor of natural science, and in 
point of fact his scientific aptitude was of great use to him throughout 
his career, and he would often thereby impart interest to what had 
seemed before the merest details of old-world history. How much 
we read of the month of Abib or Nisan, of the Feast of Weeks, or the 
Feast of Tabernacles, and to how little purpose; but Dr. Gotch readily 
seized this great fact, that by dating the commencement of their year 
according to the Feasts, which were themselves dependent on the 
harvest, the Israelites enjoyed a practical solution of a problem which 
has been more or less troublesome till our own day, namely, to keep 
the day which is reckoned to begin the year immovable as regards the 
seasons. Owing to the fact that a year contains no exact number of 
weeks and no exact number of days, any ordinary reckoning will 
make the year either a little too short or a little too long, and in course 

10 



74 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

of time the seasons will creep round to occupy quite other dates 
from those at which they started ; so much has this been the case, 
even amongst civilized peoples, that Julius Caesar was obliged to 
decree a year of 445 days to set the calendar right, and we ourselves 
marvel at the May-day games of our ancestors, forgetting that the 
May-day sung by poets was 11 days nearer the summer than our 
own. This bond then between the Jewish calendar and the Jewish 
harvest opens up questions full of interest. Was their calendar a 
God-given institution ? If not, how came they to know the need of 
varying it, a knowledge gained by later peoples only after centuries 
of error ? 

Dr. Gotch soon found that he was better fitted for the work of 
the tutor than that of the pastor, and in 1845 ^^ ^^ invited to take 
the post of classical and mathematical tutor at the Bristol Baptist 
College. The invitation was accepted, and in Bristol he remained 
thenceforward to the end of his days, filling successively the offices 
of resident tutor, president, and honorary president of the college. 
Abundant testimony has been borne by students, dating both from 
his earlier and his later years, to the value of his tutorial work. One 
writes, " He had by his kindness and by the depth and clearness of 
his teaching, great power over his students ; power which awoke and 
quickened their mind and set it a-tbinking for itself in its own way 
more conscientiously and earnestly than it had ever thought before." 
Another writes '' He was both great and good, wise and broad-hearted, 
and I loved him deeply." A third says "Truly his patience and 
forbearance were inexhaustible. We students were infinitely proud 
of him, and knew of no one greater or better.*' 

Here shines out a trait of character which brings us again to the 
family* Where that placidity originated who shall say ? But it was 
very marked in his mother, whose " benign and gracious temper, " 
was proverbial. Placidity is not uncommon, but placidity combined 
with power is, and has, great command over those brought 
within its range. Such placidity was possessed by Dr. Gotch, and by 
most of bis brothers and sisters, especially by his brother Thomas, 
whose eldest son has said that looking back over 40 years he could 
never remember bis father being out of temper, and that the occasion 
when he was most moved was when some impudent gardener of 
adjoining property cut over-hanging branches from the fine old 
chestnut-tree that adorned his garden. The offence touched him to 
the quick, and his hasty strides, his countenance a shade paler than 
usual, and the quiet words "lam very sorry you have done that, I am 
very sorry you have done that,** were more terrible than the fiercest 
rage of another man. 



The Gotch Family. 75 

Mr. Aldis Wright, the secretary of the Old Testament Revision 
Company, says of Dr. Gotch, " but above all he was distinguished by 
an unruffled sweetness of temper, which prevailed in the most 
warmly-contested discussions.*' Imagination pictures bishops, red 
with fury, pacified by the intervention of a sectary. 

Dr. Gotch regarded his share in the revision of the Old Testament 
as the great work of his life. The authorities of the Bristol College 
were very ready, when he was invited to join the company, to afford 
facilities for his engaging in the work, but bad this not been possible 
there would have been no hesitation as to his choice. He had edited 
the Revised English Bible to the end of the Pentateuch, published in 
1877, and was editor of the Old Testament portion of what has been 
called " the beautiful and scholarly edition of the Bible, published 
by the Religious Tract Society." Prior to this he had been examiner 
in Hebrew to the London University. From the establishment of the 
Revision Company he was most regular in attendance, rarely failing 
to be present till towards the close of 1882, when his health began to 
give way. Mr. Aldis Wright has testified to his instinctive feeling 
for the niceties of our language, to the value of his good taste and 
natural elegance of mind, and to the soundness of judgment always 
shewn in his suggestions. Dr. Gotch, though unable to attend all the 
meetings up to the completion of the work, was yet happy in living to 
see that completion. He passed away in 1 890, at the age of 82, and 
was followed in the next year by his brother Thomas who had well* 
nigh completed his 87th year. Their eldest sister at the time these 
lines are written still lives a sweet and gracious old lady of 91. 

Among other distinctions obtained by Dr. Gotch may be mentioned 
the following: — He was elected President of the Baptist Union, 
1868. Before retiring from active service as college president, he 
was presented with his portrait, which now hangs in the Lecture 
Hall of the college, Stokes Croft, Bristol, with thqse of former 
presidents. The college library was enriched by many valuable gifts 
of books by his generosity. He was one of the members of the 
committee of the Baptist Missionary Society ; a member of the first 
Bristol School Board 3 and one of the council of the University 
College of Bristol. Besides occcasional contributions to magazines, 
he was the writer of the article on the '* Baptists " in the Encyclo^ 
fksdia Britannica^ He wrote a number of hymns (translated from 
the German), two of which are in Psalms and Hymns for the Use of 
the Baptist Denominationy "Who, as Thou, makes blest," and 
"Through many changeful morrows 5 " others appeared in magazines. 
Amongst his lectures to his students there was a remarkable series 
on the "Atonement,** but it has not been published. 

10* 



76 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The following list of Dr. 6otch*s works has been collated by Mr. 
John Taylor from his Bibliotheca Northantonensis : — 

The Fourth Annoal Address of the Ministers of the Herts, and South Beds. 
Association of Baptist Ohurohes, to the Chorohes they Aepresent : Read at the 
Annual Meeting held at Box Moor, May 15th 1839. ffemel Jffempstead. 

An Address to Students. 1846. 

Address delivered at the Funeral of the Rev. Thomas Steffe Crisp, by the Rey. 
Edward Steane, D.D. ; together with the Funeral Sermon, preached by the 
Rev. Fredbbio Willluc Gotoh, LUD., Resident Tutor of the Bristol Baptist 
College (1868). London. 

The Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures. A Discourse, deliyered before the Bristol 
Association of Baptist Churches, held at Bath, on Thursday, June 12, 1851 

The Present Crisis considered as Affecting the Baptist Denomination ; being the 
Inaugural Address of the Rev. F. W. Gotch, LL.D., chairman. At the Annual 
Session of the Baptist Union, April 27, 1868. London^ 1868. 

Christ the Centre. Being the Inaugural Address of the Rot. F. W. Gotoh, LL.D. 
Chairman, at the Autumnal Meetingfo the Baptist Union, October 14^1868. Bristol. 

A Critical Examination of the Rendering of the Word BAHTIZO in the Ancient 
and Many of the Modern Versions of the New Testament, with especial 
Reference to Dr. Henderson's Animadversions upon Mr. Greenfield's Statements 
on the Subject. London. 

Charge Delivered vo the Rev. W. H. McMechan, on his Designation as a Missionary 
to (y'hina, at King Street Chapel, Bristol, June 28, 1863. London, 

Revised English Bible. The Holy Bible: according to the Authorised Version, 

compared with the Hebrew and Greek Texts, and carefully Revised ; Arranged 

in Paragraphs and Sections ; with Supplementary l*)otes. References to Parallel 

and Illustrative Passages, Chronological Tables, and Maps. London [1877]. 

Genesis to Deatsronomy, by F. W. Gotoh. 

A Supplement to Tischendorfs Reliqui» ex Incendio £rept» Codicis Celeberrimi 
Cottoniani contained in his Monumenta Sacra Inedita Nova Coliectio Tomus 
II. Together with a Synopsis of the Codex edited by Frederic William Gk>tch, 
M.A., LL.D., Preisident of the Baptist College, Bristol. London^ 1881. 

The title of the anonymous work on Logarithmic Tables is : — 
Logarithmic and Trigonometric Tables, to Seven Places of Decimals. Containing 
the Logarithms of the Natural Numbers, from 1 to 100,000, and Logarithmic 
Sines, Tangents, Cotangents and Cosines to every Ten Seconds for tho First 
Five Degrees, and to every Thirty Seconds for the Remainder of the Q'ladiant. 
[By T. H. Gotch.] London, 1886'. 

fExsTBBiire: Printed by Joseph Toller.] 

Tlie following gives the names of the Gotches descended from 
John Cooper Gotch : — 
Children of John Cooper Gotch — 

1. Mary Ann Gotcb, m. Thomas Hepburn 5 has several childjreo. 

2. John Davis Gotch, d. unmarried. 

3. Thomas Henry Gotch, m. Mary Anne Gale. 

4. Frederic William Gotch, ll.d., m. 1. — Charlotte Hepburn. 

a.— S .H. Foster, 
j. Frances Gotch, d. unmarried. 



The Gotch Family. 77 

Children of Thomas Henry Gotch — 

1. Heniy Gale Gotch, member of the Alpine Club, was nine 

years hon. conductor of Kettering Choral Society. 

2. Davis Frederic Gocch, chairman of Kettering School Board. 
J. John Alfred Gotch, f.s.a., f.r.i.b.a., author of The Buildings 

Erected by Sir Thomas Tresham, 1883 ; ji Short Account of 
Haddon Hail, 1889; Holiday journeys in Northamptonshire, 
18895 Erby Hall, 1892; The Architecture of the Renaissance 
in England, 18923 and various papers in Architectural 
Journals. 

4. Thomas Cooper Gotch, member of the Anglo- Australian 

Society of Artists, and one of the founders of the New 
English Art Club. 

5. Jessie Gotch. 

Children of Rbv. Frbdbric William Gotch — 
By first marriage — 
William Hepburn Gotch. 
By second marriage — 

1. Alice Foster Gotch. 

2. Katherine Frances Gotch. 

3. Francis Gotch, Hon. m.a. (Oxon.), b.a., b.sc. London, f.r.s.. 

Professor of Physiology, University College, Liverpool 
(Victoria University), author of various scientific papers 
in the Philosophical Transactions and Proceedings of the 
Royal Society, dealing with the functions of the central 
nervous system 5 of the electric organs of fishes ; of the 
functions of muscle, etc. 

4. Mary Davis Grotch. 

The Northamptonshire Baptist Provident Society formed at 
Northampton October 6, 1813, has had among its most prominent 
workers and supporters several members of the Gotch family. Upon 
the death of its first treasurer, Mr. Joseph Hall, of Northampton, 
Mr. J. C. Gotch was appointed to that ofiice on June i, 18 14. 
Upon his death in 1852, Mr. J. Davis Gotch was appointed in 
his place and held the appointment till 1857. In 1866 Mr. J. D. 
Gotch repaid the loss sustained by the society through the failure in 
1857 of the bank carried on by Messrs. Gotch & Sons, and was 
re-appointed treasurer in 1869. He was only spared a short time to 
fulfil the duties of his office, as he died in December, 1870, and was 
succeeded by his brother Mr. T. H. Gotch. In 1880 Mr. Davis F. 
Gotch was appointed secretary in succession to the Rev. J. B. Myers ; 
and on the death of his father, he was appointed treasurer in 1892. 
The Rev. A. James, b.a., of Thrapston succeeded him as secretary. 



78 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

710, — William Connor Maqbe, d.d. (647, 67a). — The 
following are additions to the list of works, vol. iv.^ pp. 191-195, 
260-261. The two last were published posthumously. j rjt 

The Miraoulous Stilling of the Storm. 

The AnffUean Puljnt oj To-Dag, 188<S. 

Sermon preaohed by the Bishop of Peterboroagh, in St. Martin's Churoh, Stamford 
Baron. Sunday Evening, Oot. 16th, 1887. 
Staxvobd : BookM Brog., " Pott " PrinUng Works. 

The last Sermon preached by the late Arch-Bishop of York. Farewell Sermon of 
the Most Rev. Williax Ck)NKOR Maoeb, D. D„ D.C.L., preaohed in Peterborough 
Cathedral, 8th March, 1891, On the occasion of his leaving the BishopridL of 
Peterborough, for the Arohbishoprick of York. 
PxTBBBOBOires: Geo. G. Gsstsr, Market Plsco. [1891.] 

Christ the Light of all Scripture By the late W. C. Maoieb, D.D. Lord Arehbiahop 
of York, Author of " The Gospel and the Age " Edited by Charles S. Magbi 
Barrister-at-Law . 
LoBDOM Isbifter and Company Limited 16 ft 16 TsTistook Street OoTent Garden 188S. 
I. Christ the Light of all Scripture. 
II. Mystery and Faith. 
IIL Original Sin. 
IV. Actual Sin. 

V. The Pure in Heart. 

VI. The Oflfence of the Cross. 

VII. The Effect of the Oospel. 
VIII. Christ on the Cross. 

IX. The Difficulty and the Efficacy of Prayer. 

X. A Lost Text Regained. 

XI. First Pastoral Charge. 
Appendix. 

Speeches and Addresses By the late W. C. Magbe D.D. Lord Archbishop of York 
Author of *'The Gospel and the Age" etc. Edited by CHARLES S, Maqkb 
Barrister-at-Law. 
LoBDOB IsbiBter and Company Limited 16 ft 16 Tatittook Street OoTent Garden 1898 
I. Irish Church Bill. 
II. The Danger of Disestablishment. 

III. National Education Union. 

IV. Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister Bill. 
V. Ecclesiastical Courts and Registries Bill. 

VI. Ecclesiastical Courts BilL 

VII. The Temperance Question. 

VIII. The Reform of the Laws relating to Churoh Patronage. 
IX. Burial Acts Consolidation Bill. 

X. Cruelty to Animals Bill. 

XI. Cathedral Statutes Bill. 

XII. Parish Churches Bill. 
XIII. Discipline of the Clergy. 
XIV Addresses to Working Men. 

XV, Konoonformity. 
XVL ChUdren's Life Insuranoe BiU. 



Fresco Painting of 5. Katherine. "jg 

711. — Orioin of the Town op Northampton. — The 
following is an extract from Grafton's Chronicle,* "The Seuenth 
Oge, and Seuenth part of This Chronicle" (p. 77): — 

" Aruiragus the jongest sonne of Kymbelyny and brother to 
Guiderius before slaine, was ordeyned king of Britons in the yere of 
our Lorde xlv. This Man did well and knightly behaue himselfe 
against the Romaines, and slue the afore named Hamo^ nere rnto a 
Hauen or Port of the Sea. And when he was slaine, he threw him 
gobbet meale into the same sea. And for this cause^ that Hauen was 
long tyme after called Hamons Hauen^ which at this day is called 
Sonthhamto. Fahian. But here in a very old Pamphlet^ which 
beareth no name, I finde that in the tyme of Hengist afore mencioned, 
and in the reigne of Vortiger, there was a Saxon named Varius Ham 
and he builded three townes, one in the South, and named it after his 
awne name South Hams towne, another North fro thence, which he 
named North Hams towne. Another West, and by North from 
thence, which he named (bicause he had there made a staple of 
WoUes) Woluer Hams towne." 

Kymbelyn and Hamo were British Kings near to the time of 
the Roman Conquest. 

London. W. Perkins. 

712. — Fresco Painting of S. Katherine. — In one of the 
churches in this county is a fresco of the Martyrdom of S. Katherine, 
which was discovered some time ago. I should like to know which 
church this is in ? 

Sporle Vioarage, Swaifham. T. J ONES. 

At Burton Latimer there is a fine fresco on the wall of the north 
aisle, representing the Last Judgment and the Martyrdom of S. 
Katherine. It evidently dates from the 13th century. This fresco 
is described in Churches of the Archdeaconry of Northampton. At 
Raunds church, also in the north aisle, is a fresco of the story of 
S. Katherine, of the date of the 15th century. This is mentioned in 
the ArchcBological journal, xxxiv. Full information on these subjects 
is given in a useful little book, A List of Buildings in Great Britain 
and Ireland having Mural and other Painted Decorations, by C. E. 
Keyser, m.a., f.s.a., 1883. £0. 

* A Chronicle at large and meere History of the affayrea of Englande and 
Kinges of ibe same, deduced from the Creation of the vvorlde, vnto the first 
habitation of thys Islaiide : and so by oontynnance vnto the first yere of the 
reigne of our most drere and sovereigne Lady Qneene Elizebeth : collected ont 
of sundry Ancthors whose names are expressed in the next Page of this leafe 
Anno Domini. 1669 Cum priidlegio. 



8o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

713. — Washinotoniana. — Tbc two following inscriptions, 
though often referred to, have not been printed, so far as mj 
knowledge goes. They are in the church of Holy Trinity the Less, in 
the Minories, London, and were copied in the month of August, 1891. 

J A. C. D. 

In Memory of Colonel William Legge Eldest 

Son of Six to Edward Legge ft Mary Walah 

which Edward was onley Son to WiUiam 

Legge & Ann Bermingham of y« troly 

Koble & aniient family of y« Berminghams 

of Athenree, in the Kingdom of Ireland ; 

He was Groom of y« Bedchamber & Lieutenant 

General of y« Ordinance to King Charles y« first 

& in y« late Civil War was Goremor of Chester & 

Oxford, & upon y« happy Bestoration of y« Boyal 

family in y« year 1660 was, in consideration of 

his untainted fidelity to y« King, & his many and great 

Sufferings during y« Ciyil war, restored to his 

Place of Lieutenant General of y« Ordinance 

and Groom of his Majesties Bedchamber by 

Eong Charles ye 2^, & as a further Mark of 

his Boyal favor Superiniendant k Treasurer 

of the Ordinance. 

He marrTd EUsabeth Washington 

Eldest Daughter to Sr WiUm Washington 

& Ann Tillers Daughter to S' George 

YiUers & Sister to y« most Noble Prince George 

Duke of Buckingham, by whom he had 3 Sons & tw» 

Daughters. He Died Ootr 13th 1672, in y« 83«& 
year of his Age, & lieth in a vault under this place. 

IL 

To the Memory of the Bt HonU George Lord Dartmouth distinguish'd by 
his early and | Eminent deserts and many signall marks of Boyal trust and 
favour, 'he was Gt>vemour of | Portsmouth, and Master of tiie Ordnance, 
Privy Counsellr and Cabinet to K. Ch. and | K. James, after many singular 
Proofs of his | Courage, Conduct, and Affoction to his Country, giren in several 
Engagements at Sea, he | Commanded in Chief and Carry'd the Flag as 
Admirall of the whole English Fleet in two solemn | Expeditions, he died 
Octor 25tb 1691, in the 44th year of his Age, and lyes Interred near this place, | 
he Married Barbara Daughter and Co-heir of Sir Henry Archbold in Stafford- 
shire, by whom he had Issue one Son and seven Daughters, two of which lye 
in the same Vault, | as do also his L^ships Father and Mother Colonl Wn 
Legg^ Livetent G^n^ of the Ordnance, and Elisabeth Daughter of Sir Wm 
Washington, and Philip Eldest Son | to Sir Christopher Musgrave of Ednall in 
Cumberland, who Married Mary the | Eldest Daughter, and Deceased Aug«* 
the 2d 1688 | This Monument was Erected by his Lady above mentioned. 

714. — FiNEDON Dried Apples. — What are, or were, these ? 

F. A. 




ANCIENT BRITISH DRINKING CUP 
FOUND AT BRIXWORTH. 



(One-half linear.) 



Ancient British Drinking Cup. 8i 

715. — Dudley Family. — I wish to ascertain in what parish 
Thomas Dudley was born in 1576. He was son of Captain Roger 
Dudley, who was slain in the wars when this Thomas was young. 
He was bom perhaps at £cton, Pytcbley^ or Hardwick He was a 
captain at 21, and led his company to the siege of Amiens. After 
that he was a clerk of Judge Nicolls. Dean Dudley. 

716. — Ancient British Drinking Cup. — In the Northampton 
Museum there is an interesting old British drinking cup bearing the 
following inscription on its attendant label : — 

Ancient British Drinking Gap, found near Brixworth. This cup belongs 
probably to the Bronze Age, whidi is estimated by Sir John Evans to hare 
lasted in Britain from about 1200 or 1400 years b.o. up to 300 or 400 years b.o. 
The ornamentation has been produced by a pointed instrument when the day 
was soft, t.tf., before being baked. 

The great peculiarity of the vessel is its possession of a handle. 
Handled cups of the age of this one are very rare indeed, only 
a few examples being known. The cup is of imperfectly baked 
pottery of a reddish colour, and measures five inches in height 
and the same at its greatest diameter. It is encircled about 
two inches below the rim by a rude moulding bearing two rows 
of indented dots. This moulding suggests a cord running round 
the vessel, the ends joining and forming the handle, the top of 
which is level with the moulding, and into which the moulding 
merges. The indented dots are carried along the two edges of the 
handle, which terminates not quite ivro inches from the base. The 
handle is no less than an inch and a quarter wide, and its outer 
surface is ornamented with a lozengy pattern. In the upper part of the 
cup, between the two circles at the rim and the moulding, is a row of 
roughly made hatched lozenges. Similar devices, but larger, occur on 
the body of the vessel, the bases of the lozenges there resting on the 
points of a ro>v of hatched cones forming a border round the bottom. 
This interesting cup was found several years ago in the ironstone 
workings at Brixworth opened in 1874. There are the present time 
three ironstone mines in the parish of Brixworth, one known as 
the Spratton pit belonging to Lord Wantage 5 another known as the 
Brixworth pit belonging to Mr. Richard Attenborough (both of 
which are being worked by Messrs. Attenborough & Co.) ; and a 
third which is worked by the Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Co., Limited, 
out of land belonging to the trustees of Thomas Roe*s Charity. 

The cup was exhibited before the Society of Antiquaries op April 
i6th, iSpr, by Mr. C. A. Markbam, f.s.a., and is engraved in their 
Proceedings (2 S. xiii. 301). To this society we are indebted for 
the accompanying engraving. 



82 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

717. — ^Thb Kniohtlbts in Parliament. — ^The following is a 
list of members of the Knightley family who have occupied seats in 
the House of Commons, copied from Things Old and New, reprinted 
from the Northampton Mercury, 1886-1887, with additions: — 

1. RoBBRTUS DB Kntghtblbtb : miles, returned for County 
of Stafibrd, 19 Edward 11., 1325. 

2. RiCARDUS Kntohtlb: armiger, returned for County of 
Northampton, 28 Nov., 1420, 8 Hen. v., and again 30 Sept., 1423, 
2 Hen. VI. 

3. Thomas Kntohtlbt: returned for Borough of Northampton, 
30 Oct., 1422, 1 Hen. vi. 

4. £dmundus Kniohtlby : returned for Borough of Wilton, 
21 Hen. VIII., 1529. 

5. ■ Knightlbt: armiger, returned 1529 for Bucks or 
Northampton County ; name of place torn off. 

6. Sir Richard Kniohtlby : m.p. for the Borough of North- 
ampton in the 5tb and 6th Parliaments of Elizabeth, 1584-85, 1586; 
M.p. for the County of Northampton in the 7th Parliaments of 
Elizabeth, 1588 3 and 9th 1597 ; m.p. for Borough of Orford, SufEolk, 
in the loth Parliament of Elizabeth, 1601. 

7. Valbntinb (aftetrwards Sir Valentine) Kniohtlby : m.p. for 
Borough of Tavistock, 1584-85, 1586 ; m.p. for Borough of North- 
ampton in the 8th Parliament of Queen Elizabeth, 1592 ; m.p. for 
County of Northampton in the ist Parliament of James i., 1603 ; 
returned at the same time for the Borough of Dunwich, in Suffolk. 

8. Richard Kniohtlby: esq., returned for Northampton 
County, 22 Nov., 1621, vice Sir Edward Mountague called to the 
Upper House. 

9. Richard Kniohtlby: m.p. for County of Northampton, 
4th Parliament of James i., 1623 3 and ist and 3rd Parliaments of 
Charles i., 1625, 1628. 

10. Richard (afterwards Sir Richard) Kniohtlby, k.b. : m.p. 
for Borough of Northampton in the 4th Parliament of Charles i., 
1640, the Short Parliament 3 and in the 5th Parliament of Charles i., 
1640, the Long Parliament, until driven out by Pride^s Purge, 1648 ; 
M.p. for County of Northampton, 1658-9 and 1660. 

11. Valbntinb Kniohtlby: m.p. for County of Northampton, 
1748 and 1754. 

12. Lucy Kniohtlby : m.p. for Borough of Northampton, 
1 763-1 768; M.p. for County of Northampton, 1773-1784. 



The Knightleys in Parliament. 83 

13. Sir Charles Knightlbt: m.p. for South Northampton- 
shire, 1834 to 1852. 

14. Sir Rainald Knightlky (afterwards Baron £nightley of 
Fawsley) : m.p. for South Northannptonshire, 1 852-1 892. On the 
dissolution of Parliament in June, 1892, Sir Rainald Knightley 
accepted a peerage from Lord Salisbury. The Gazette of September 
23rd, 1892, contained the following: — 

The Queen has been pleased, by Letters Patent nnder the Ghreat Seal of the 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, dated Attg^ist 23, 1892, to 
grant the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom nnto Sir Rainald 
Knightley, Bart., and the heirs male of bis body lawfully begotten, by the 
name, style, and title of Baron Knightley of Fawsley, in the County of 
Korthampton. 

The World of August 31st, 1892, said t — 

Sir Rainald Knightley is belieyed to have acoepted a peerage in order to 
please his olever and popular wife, who is a daughter of Sir Edward Bowater, 
who was for many years Groom in Waiting to the Queen, and a great favourite 
of the Prince Consort. Sir Rainald had formerly refnsed a peerage, and there 
was probably no period since the death of Mr. Perceval when a Prime Minister 
would have declined to grant a coronet either to Sir Charles Knightley or to 
his son. Sir Charles belonged to the old and extinct school of Tories who 
swore 6ff Lord Eldon and the Duke of Wellington, and at Sir Robert Peel. 
Sir Rainald succeeded his father as member for South Northamptonshire, and 
he has sat in the House of Commons for forty years, and during that period he 
has been content, like Vivian Oref/'» Sir Christopher Mowbray, to support his 
party leaders ^with equal silence and sedulousness," although Mr. Disraeli 
was not a favourite with him, nor did he like the Reform Bill of 18&7. Sir 
Rainald, who is a co-heir of the Barony of Fitzwarine, which fell into abeyance 
early in the reign of Charles i., is the head of one of the most ancient 
families in England. Fawsley, his grand old seat in Northamptonshire, is 
famous for its richly timbered deer-park, and its beautif al old hall, with ceiling 
and panellings of walnut wood. Sir Rainald*s peerage will be practically a 
creation for his life only as he has no son, and the heir to the baronetcy and 
estates is his cousin, the Rev. Valentine Ejoightley, who has held the family 
linngs of Charwelton and Preston Capes for fifty years. , rp 

THS. — Northamptonshire Sales: Marriaoe of William 
AND Mary. — At the sale on February 25th, 1892, by Mr. Henry 
Cooper, of the effects of the late Rev. R. H. Cox, at the vicarage, 
Hardingstone, was sold a rare engraving, containing many emblem- 
atical figures and representing the marriage of William Prince of 
Orange, and Princess Mary of England. 

The artist was Romeyn de Hooghe, a Butch designer and engraver, 
who was bom at the Hague about the year 1638. Hooghe had a lively 
imagination, by which he was sometimes led astray, and most of his works 
have to be viewed with some allowance for incorrectness of design and an 
inj ndioious choice of subjects. Some of his composidons, this picture included, 

II* 



84 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

ahow him to hare been a man of great genina ; and few artists have handled 
the point with more spirit and facility than he has. His small figures and 
distanoes are inrariably executed with great deUcacj and neatness ; but with 
the large figures and the foreground he is generally not quite so happy. In 
Bryan's Dietionary of Faintert and Engra^ert^ twenty-two of his principal 
plates are given. The marriage of William and Mary is the fourth on 
the list. Its design is curious. The subject of the plate is drawn upon the 
nethermost panel of a large statue surrounded by numerous emblematical 
figures. Supporting the pedestal Is a plinth containing these lines : 

Afupiooa at fnoia tnis, Bespnblim florena, Ez TotiB OythenBtt beftt ; deacendit Oljrmpo 

Anriaonm totiea gemu HercaliB eue probftTit Copia^ hymen, pax, alma fldea, promittitar orbi 

Beriaa ad oolam redens GuzLsim preeata eat Et patri» heroum aeriea, qiue seoula aperat 

▲e ta oaatro aeqai, e( dabiia gaadere peridia Atsba. et Bbobxa., hino Qalliia frenabitnr, atqaa 

Dietator petia, et laaroa noa otia qnaria Filioa Aroto» evertit aoa regna Caliste 

8ic tibi aio faaam at Patrin non riTitar optat Vim, perrertet opam, tantia atet Patiia paotia 

lUa tnaa Veneri non Marti aptare Laoertoa Vnio jnra liget atndioram jorgia oeaaent 

Yinoit Amor, Bheminiq aoia Thamisaoque LiToret adTera» mat indignatio partia. 
[tropheia 
E. de Hooghe aoolpena eanebat. 

The representation of the wedding with more than fifty figures, is oleTerlj 
drawn. Under it is a Latin inscription, followed by the artist's name : — 

In Palatio Ducis Eboracenoium 
QuUelmus Henricus et Maria Stuarda 

hie Arauslonensitim ilia Eboracensium inoomparabiles Principes, 
Matrimonio juncti 14 Novembr stylo novo reoepti 
Qloriose 14 Deoemb^ Hagee oomitis A' 1677 
Bomanus de Hooghe jnv. et fecit 

[In the Palace of the Duke of York, William Henry and Maria Stuart 
the incomparable princes, he of Orange she of York, joined in 
matrimony, 14 NoTember (New Style) received with great honour in 
a Conyention at the Hag^e, 14 December, Ao 1677.] 

The wedding took place at the Duke of York's palace, London. Above 
the drawing of the marriage is pasted a letter-press 

PnmOBLY AUCAKAOX FOB THB TBAB 1678, 

printed in Dutch with rubricated letters. Above this is the statue on a 
pedestal and shaft, on either side of which are William and Mary approaching 
each other, with a warlike goddess, armed, and holding the cap of liberty, 
looking on approvingly. The whole view is intended to symbolise the effects 
to be produced by the happy union. Mary has an olive branch in her hand, 
typifying peace. At her feet scowl France, Rome, and Portugal. France 
is a woman thinly veiled, a sceptre and the Gallic cock in one hand, and her 
dress docked with mouths and ears. Bome has his hands convulsively on the 
bellows which in former reigns had fanned the fires of persecution. William 
is surrounded by cherubs, with music and bowls and cornucopias of plenty. 
The statue apparently is that of William the Silent, the founder of the 
Dutch Bepublic. Angels above are showering down money and flowers. 
Behind the statute are three armed female figures, with bared swords. They 
are three European states in converse — probably Prussia, Spain, and Austria. 
Around the compartment are depicted on the walls various feats of arms 
and conspicuous battles.. There is much vigour in the composition. 



Wynne Ellis. 



85 



This particular plate has an interesting history; It was found in 
one of the Russian government offices at Sebastopol during the Crimean 
War, and was presented to Captain Cox (son of the Rev. R. H. Cox) 
who was in the Crimea shortly after the fall of Sebastopol. Captain 
Cox sent the picture home to his father at Hardingstone. The size 
of the engraving is i8in. by 3ft. 2in. It was purchased at the sale by 
Mr. John Taylor, and has since been acquired by the British Museum. 

719, — Wynne Ellis (1790-1875), picture collector, son of 
Thomas Ellis, by Elizabeth Ordway of Barkway, Hertfordshire, was 
born at Oundle, in July 1790, and after receiving a good education 

went to London. In 
1 81 2 he became a 
haberdasher, hosier, and 
mercer at 16 Ludgate 
Street, London, where 
he gradually created the 
largest silk business in 
the city, adding house 
to house as opportunity 
occurred of purchasing 
the property around, and 
passing from the retail 
to a wholesale business 
in 1830. After his re- 
tirement in 1 87 1 his 
firm assumed the title of 
John Howell & Co. The 
Illustrated London News 
of Jan. 8, 1876, record- 
ing his death, said of him : 
" He enjoyed good health, 
and retained all his fac- 
ulties and the natural brightness of his intellect to the very day of his 
death. He was born of a respectable family, and, having a good 
education, began a career of extraordinary success. His great activity 
and tact soon raised him to positions of responsibility, and he began 
business at the early age of twenty-one." 

The following particulars are taken from the Dictionary of 
National Biography, vol. xvii. p. 298 ; — 

In 1 83 1 he withdrew his candidature for the aldermanic ward 
of Castle Baynard to contest the parliamentary representation of 
Leicester. As an advanced liberal he sat for Leicester from 4 May, 




86 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

[831 to 29 Dec., 1834, ao^ agsin fi'om 22 March, 1839 ^^ ^3 J^^' 
1847. ^^ ^3S ^° advocate for the total repeal of the corn laws, of 
free trade generally, of reform in bankruptcy, and of greater freedom 
in the law of partnership. In the committees of the House of 
Commons he exercised considerable influence. He was a j.p. both 
for Hertfordshire and Kent, and was pricked to serve as sheriff for 
the latter county, but was excused in consideration of his having 
discharged corresponding duties for Hertfordshire in 185 1-2. He 
purchased the manor of Ponsbome Park, Hertfordshire, in 1836^ and 
sold it in May 1875. ^^ ^^^^ owned Tankerton Tower, near 
Canterbury. He bad an intense dislike of betting, horse-racing, and 
gambling, though he was a lover of manly sports. He made an 
extensive collection of ancient and modern pictures, many of which 
are described in Waagen's 'Treasures of Art,' ii. 293-8. He married 
in 1814 Mary Maria, daughter of John Smith of Lincoln. She died 
in 1872, and was buried in a mausoleum designed by Barry, and 
built in Whitstable churchyard. Near this her husband soon after 
erected almshouses to her memory. He died at his residence, 30 
Cadogan Place, Sloane Street, London, 20 Nov. 1875, ^°^ ^^^ buried 
with his wife at Whitstable. By his will he left very numerous 
legacies to charitable and religious institutions, including jo,ooo/. to 
the trustees of the Simeon Fund. His personalty was proved under 
600,000/. on 8 Jan. 1876. His ancient pictures, 402 in number, he 
left to the English nation, but of these the trustees of the National 
Gallery selected only 44, which have since been exhibited as the 
Wynne £llis collection. The remainder of these ancient pictures, 
with his modem pictures, water-colour drawings, porcelain, decorative 
furniture, marbles, &c., were disposed of at Christie, Manson, & 
Wood's, in ^ve days' sale in May, June, and July 1876, when the 
total proceeds were 56,098/. 2y. 3^. In the sale of 6 May 
Gainsborough's portrait of Elizabeth, duchess of Devonshire was 
purchased by Thomas Agnew & Sons for 10,605/. The Agnews 
exhibited the painting at their rooms, 39B Old Bond street, London, 
where on the night of 26 May it was cut out of the stretching-frame 
and stolen. A reward of 1,000/. was ofiered in vain for its recovery. 

720, — Stnaoooub at Northampton.— Mr. E. A. Silsbee of 
Salem. Mass., U.S., has supplied us with the following extract from 
the wills at Northampton Probate Office, Book P. (1617-30), p. 243. 

"William Raynsford of Northampton, baker, 2t October 1630, 
proved 20 November 1630. 'I doe geue & bequeath unto my 
daughter Susanna Raynsford, after the deceasse of my naturall 
& loving mother Barbara Raynsford, all that messuage or tenem^ 



Professor E, A, Freeman. 87 

wherein I now dwell sometymes called the Synagogue of the 
Jewes w^all & singuler the howses, buildinges, gardens, yardes, 
orchardes & backsides thereunto belonging w^ all and singuler 
thappurtennces scituate lyeing & being in the towne of North- 
ampton aforesaid in a certaine streete there called Siluersstreete ; 
to haue and to holde to the said Susanna and the heires of 
her body lawfully begotten, and for want of such yssue the same to 
remayne & come to the right heires of me for euer according to a 
form' deed thereof made unto my father & my mother from my 
grandfather Willm Raynsford. Prouided allwayes & my will is that 
Alice my loving wife shall holde & enioy the same messuage or 
ten* w*** thappurtennces untill my said daughter shall accomplishe the 
full age of twenty yeares. ' " 

Is aily thing known of the Synagogue, or of the Jews in 
Northampton, beyond the information in **N. N. & CL" vol. ii. 
p. 359, respecting the crucifix ? 

Three or four members of the family of Raynsford were mayors 
of Northampton, as below : — 

1585-1586. William Raynsford. 

1595-1596. George Raynsford. 

1 603- 1 604. George Raynsfyrd. 

1614-1615. Lawrence Raynsford. 

1617-1618. George Raynsford. J. T. 

721. — Professor E. A. Freeman. — It may not be out of place 
to mention in these pages the decease of Edward Augustus Freeman. 
He was the son of Mr. John Freeman, of Pedmore Hall, co. 
Worcester. He was bom at Harborne, co. Stafford in 1823, and was 
elected scholar of Trinity College, Oxon., in 1841. His first work 
was a History of Architecture which was published in 1849, ^^^^ ^^^ 
followed by other works on architecture and history; but the work by 
which he will be remembered for all time is his massive History of 
the Norman Conquest, which records every known incident of this 
great event. In the Guide to Great Britain, published by Baedeker 
in 1887, is an "Historical Sketch of Architecture in England," 
by £. A. Freeman, in which he deals largely with the buildings 
of this county. The essay mentions Peterborough Cathedral, 
the towers at Titchmarsh, the Church at Brixworth, Earls Barton 
Tower, the roof at Warmington, the Castle and Churches of 
Northampton, and Queen Eleanor's Cross. At the time of his 
decease Freeman was engaged with his History of Sicily, an 
almost more elaborate work than the History of the Conquest. 



88 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Mr. Freeman as a young man was closely connected with North- 
ampton. About 1830 he went to a school kept by the Rev. 
T. C. Haddon at the house recently occupied by Mr. Saul^ wine 
merchant, in Sheep street. At that time he lived at a house 
situate in Abington street on part of the site of the present convent, 
with his grandmother and sister. He afterwards resided at the top 
of the New Walk, where the late Mr. P. P. Perry afterwards lived. 
He was always a singular lad, and never engaged in games with 
other boys. One of his peculiarities was, that he did not walk about 
the streets, but went at a kind of hop. He was always a thoughtful 
boy, and a thorough book-worm. One incident will serve to illustrate 
this. About that time Sir Walter Scott, had published his Lady of 
the Lake, and in a private discussion it was declared by one of the 
company that Rhoderick Dhu was a robber j young Freeman, then 
perhaps only ten years old, declared at once that he was no robber 
but that the times had made him what he was. We believe that 
Freeman was a near relative of the Rev. Herbert Freeman, at one 
time rector of Charwelton in this county. Professor Freeman died 
of small pox at Alicante in Spain, on the i6th March, 1892, having 
been ill only for about six days. He was buried in the Protestant 
cemetery at Alicante. Ed. 

722. — Franceis, Francbts, Fraumcets, Frbnssh, and 
Frbnshb. — In an interesting little book called the Index Armorial^ 
privately printed in Boston by A. D. Weld French, the surname 
French is treated in all its different varieties of spelling. In this 
country, amongst those holding by *' veteri feofFamento " direct or by 
inheritance from the reign of Henry i., according to the list of knight* 
fees compiled 14 Henry 11., was the name of Willielmus de Franceis 
holding under Robertus Foliot: this would be about the year 11 89. 

The following are also given as being Northamptonshire names : 

1199. £ustachius Franceis. 

1200. Johannes Franceis. 
i2or. Willielmus le Franceis. 

12.34. Mathew de Franceys de Nova Castra 

1274. Robertus de Fraunceys. 

1274. Willielmus Fraunceys. 

1275. Willielmus Fraunceys. 
1313. Matilda la Frensshe. 
1322. Robertus le Frenshe. 

The arms of many of the families of French are given, but there 
are none given for the Northamptonshire families. It would be 
interesting to know whether there are any other varieties of the name 
in any of the local records. £d. 



90 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

ThorndoD. A branch of these Stilgoes settled at Blakesley. M7 
father, who was bora at Radclive Manor» was buried at the old 
cemetery in BirmiDgbam> in which town he died. His eldest soa 
was presented to the rectory of Tarrant Hinton, Dorset, in 1891, by 
Pembroke College, Cambridge. 

Tamnt Hinton Beotoiy. ALFRED StiLQOB Nbwman. 

724. — ^Thb Althorp Librart. — ^The following article on the 
Altborp Library is reprinted on account of the sale of Earl Spencer's 
books to Mrs. Rylands. We are indebted to the writer. Lord Charles 
Bruce, and to tbe publisher of Book- Lore (Mr. Elliot Stock), in 
which the article originally appeared, for their kind permission to 
republish it in these pages. Lord Charles Bruce has also specially 
revised the article for " N. N. & Q." 

Part i. 

The Althorp Library consisted originally of a family collection 
formed at Wormleighton, in Warwickshire, containing many valuable 
specimens of early English literature, and of a library acquired by 
the first Earl Spencer, formerly belonging to Dr. George Head, 
Master of Eton, which was remarkable for its series of English 
tracts. It owes its present celebrity and importance to George John, 
second Earl Spencer, who, within a period of twenty-four years, 
added to it by the formation of what is known as the Bibliotheca 
Spenceriana. 

The foundation of the Spencer Library may be said to have been 
laid in 1790, by the purchase of Count Reviczky's collection, tbe 
chief characteristic of which was its extraordinary series of the 
earliest and rarest editions of Greek and Latin classics. The 
conditions under which the purchase was effected, it is said, were the 
payment of ;^i,ooo, and an annuity of £s^^> which the Count only 
lived three years to enjoy. The retirement of Lord Spencer from 
ofHcial life in 1807 enabled him to devote himself more exclusively 
to literary pursuits, and to making further additions to his collection. 
His acquaintance with Dibdin, to whom he subsequently entrusted 
the revision and charge of his library, dates from 1802, from which 
time a literary correspondence seems to have passed between them 
for upwards of thirty years. In 1812 Dibdin commenced his 
Bibliotheca Spenceriana, being a descriptive catalogue of the fifteenth 
century books, which were afterwards removed to Althorp, but were 
then at Spencer House, to which he had the freest access. In the 
progress of this work Lord Spencer took a very active interest, 
correcting not only the MS. sheets which from time to time were 
sent to him, but also the first proofs previous to publication. At the 



The Althorp Library. 91 

same time, numeroas very valuable acquisitions to the library were 
being made by auction or private purchase, Lord Spencer's attention 
being mainly directed to completing his Caxton collection. His 
interesting correspondence with Dibdin during these years shows 
what a reliance he placed on his advice and judgment in the selection 
and purchase of such works as would form a worthy addition to the 
Spencer Library. By an exchange of books, several rare volumes 
were obtained from the Royal Library at Stutgardt through Dibdin, 
when commissioned to purchase early editions for his patron on the 
continent, and also from the Cathedral Library of Lincoln. In 18 19, 
in consequence of the dispersion of the famous Marlborough Library 
at Whiteknights, the memorable copy of the Valdarfer Boccaccio 
was purchased for >f 7j0. In the same year. Lord Spencer, during 
a continental tour, obtained possession of the library of the Duke 
of Cassano Serra, a nobleman highly distinguished as a great book 
collector at Naples, by the purchase of which he acquired many of 
the earliest and rarest productions of the Neapolitan press. 

Speaking generally of the Althorp Library, it is not too much to 
say that hardly ever has there been a series of books brought together 
illustrating so completely as this collection the origin and development 
of the art of printing. Nor is it less remarkable for the different 
impressions of the Holy Scriptures in almost every language, and 
for the extraordinary variety and number of the first editions of 
the classics which it contains. And if the contents of the books 
themselves excite our interest and admiration, we shall be no less 
struck with their perfect condition and state of preservation, and 
with the appropriateness and often with the magnificence, of their 
bindings. 

Of the many specimens of rare and artistic book^binding in the 
collection, illustrating the history of that art from the fifteenth to the 
present century, reference can only be made to the productions of the 
great artists who worked for Francis i., Grolier, Maioli, Henri 11., 
Diane de Poitiers, Charles iz., Henri iv. and Marie de Medicis, 
Lamoignon, De Thou, Lom^nie de firienne, Colbert, Louis xiv., 
Prince £ugene, Louis xv., Madame de Pompadour, James i., 
Charles i., and of Nicholas Eve, Pasdeloup, the two Derdmes, 
and of our English binder, Roger Payne. 

Commencing with the earliest productions in the Library con- 
nected with the infancy of printing, the first object of interest to 
claim our attention is the celebrated block print of **St. Christopher," 
bearing an inscription of two lines, and the date, 1423. This 
woodcut, coloured by hand, has long been considered the most 

I2» 



92 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

ancient specimen with a date attached to it of the use of printing ink, 
and is one of the most valuable relics in existence connected with 
the early history of the art of engraving. But a print of the Virgin 
and Child in the Library at Brussels, if altogether genuine, claims 
priority in age, having the year 1418 marked upon it. The 
"St. Christopher" is pasted inside the cover of a manuscript, 
bound in untanned leather, and entitled Lans Ftrginis, which 
was discovered in the Convent of Buxheim, near Memmrngen. 
In the colophon of the MS. the date 141 7 occurs, and within the left 
side of the binding the volume contains another woodcut, of the 
'* Annunciation," similar in style and execution to that of the '' St. 
Christopher." Of the block books, which mark the next step in 
the development of the art of printing, the library contains no less 
than nine specimens. Of these, the most remarkable are the Bihiia 
Pauperum (of which there are copies of two editions), the Ars 
Moriendi, and a perfect impression of Hisioria Firginis ex Cantico 
Canticorum, which three may be grouped together as having every 
appearance of a common origin. There are also an Jrs Memorandi, 
being a memoria technica of the Four Gospels, which by the 
formation of the letters and rudeness of execution indicates 
great antiquity, and copies of Quindecem Signa Extremi yudidi and 
the Enndkrist in German, all of which probably belong to a like 
early period. What, however, perhaps creates the most interest, 
is a fine copy of Sancti yohannis Jpocalypsui, coloured, and the 
original wooden block from which two of the impressions were 
taken. The book itself is in the German binding of the fifteenth 
century, with the date 1467 impressed outside. There is also a copy 
of an entirely different edition of the same work. Mention may 
also be made of three block books of a somewhat later date; 
Die Kunst Ciromantia, by a Doctor Hartlieb, printed by " iorg scappf 
zu Augspurg," Mirahilia Roma^ in Grerman of about 1480, and a 
Calendaire, with maps, in i2mo, on vellum. 

We come now to the earliest known specimen of the impression 
of movable metal type with a date subjoined, viz., the celebrated 
Letters of Indulgence granted by Nicholas v. in 145a to all who by 
sums of money were willing to defend Cyprus against the Turks. 
Of these there are two copies in the collection, one consisting of 
thirty-one and the other of thirty lines. They are printed in Gothic 
characters on small sheets of vellum, to one of which the original 
Papal seal is appended. May Tst, 1452, is specified as the time from 
which the Indulgence commenced. The older of the two bears the 
date 14J4 as the year in which that particular copy of the letter was 



The Althorp Library. 93 

granted. The other one was issued the following year. It is 
interesting to note that the large type . of each closely resembles that 
of the first " Mentz " and of the " Pfister *' Bible. The " Letters of 
Indulgence " were no doubt among the earliest productions of the 
Mentz press, but the first important work executed by Gutenberg 
and Fust was what is commonly know as the *^ Mazarine " Bible, 
from the name of the Cardinal in whose library a copy of it was first 
discovered. This, the first printed Bible, and the earliest complete 
printed book known, must have appeared about 14J5, as a copy of it 
in the National Library at Paris contains a memorandum of one 
Cremer to the effect that it had been illuminated and bound by him 
in 1456. The Althorp copy is on paper and perfect, and is 
considered to be the first edition, having pages i top with 40 lines, 
the loth with 4T, and the remainder with 42. To the first book 
printed with the date and the names of the printers there must 
always be attached the greatest value and interest, increased by 
the extreme beauty of the production, which is unrivalled in the 
annals of typography, and the knowledge of the fact that only 
nine copies of it, all printed on vellum, are known to exist. The 
•* Mentz Psalter " of 1457 may well be considered one of the greatest 
treasures of the Althorp Library. This copy, which was in the Monas- 
tery of Roth, near Memmingen, contains 143 leaves, and, were not the 
margin somewhat cut down, would be perfect. A photographic fac- 
simile of p. I of this copy accompanies this article. The second edition 
of this Psalter, that of 1459, being the second dated book, together 
with the third, of 1490, are also in the collection, both on vellum. 
In T462, Fust and SchoefFer gave to the world the first printed Bible 
with a date, but they bad previously produced a Durandus, in 1459, 
and the dementis V, Cons titu Hones, in 1460, very fine copies of each 
of which on vellum are in the Library as well as a perfect impres- 
sion of Gutenberg*s Catholicon of 1460, the fifth dated book. The 
Spencer copy of the ''Mentz" Bible of 1462 is in every way 
magnificent, being printed on pure vellum and richly illuminated 
throughout in gold and colours. Mentz has also the honour of 
having produced the first dated classic, Ciceronis Offida, in 1465, 
of which a complete copy is in the library. It is a small folio, and 
in it Greek characters, as headings of the chapters, are introduced for 
the first time. 

The capture of Mentz in 1462 by Adolphus of Nassau led to the 
dispersion of many of Gutenberg's and Fust's workmen, and to a 
development of the art of Typography throughout Europe, which 
might otherwise have been deferred for an indefinite period, although 



94 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the printing press was at work at Bamberg and Strasburg as early as 
1460. A most interesting document in tbe library, connected with 
this crisis in the history of printing, is a Broadside sheet 23^ by 16J 
inches, printed in 1462 by Fust and Schoeffer and uncut, being a 
protest, by Diether von Ysenburg, against his deposition by the Pope 
and Emperor from the See and Electorate of Mentz, and the elevation 
to the same of Adolphus of Nassau. There are in the British 
Museum seven broadsides on the same subject, but not this 
particular one, which perhaps is the largest single sheet printed 
in the fifteenth century, containing as it does 106 lines. Among the 
earliest to convey the secrets of the press to other parts of Germany 
on the taking of Mentz was Ulrich Zel, one of Fust and Schoeffer's 
workmen, who set up a printing establishment at Cologne. His 
earliest dated book, Chrysostomns super Psalmo Quinquagesimo, 
1466, a tract of excessive rarity, is in the collection. Copies, 
too, of the first book printed at Augsburg, 1468, by Gunther Zainer, 
BonaventurtB Medilationes, and of the earliest dated production of the 
Nuremberg press, De Retza*s Comestorium Viiiorum, by Sensen- 
scbroidt, T470, are in the library. Although of much later date, 1517, 
a splendid uncoloured copy of the allegorical poem of Tewrdannckh on 
vellum, printed at Nuremberg, must be mentioned as a work remark- 
able for the beauty of its type and of the numerous wood engravings 
by Schaiiffelein, a pupil of Durer's, which it contains. 

Of the Mentz pressmen, who found a refuge in foreign countries, 
the most notable were Sweynheym and Pannartz, who were the first 
to introduce printing into Italy, a country which was so soon to take 
the lead in developing the art, and to become renowned by tbe 
number, beauty, and variety of its typographical productions. They 
first set up a press in the monastery of Subiaco, where they produced 
four works, a small school book named Donalus, of which no 
authentic copy has been found, and the three following works, fine 
impressions of which are in the Spencer Library: Cicero de Oratore, 
a quarto volume probably printed Sept., 1465 -, Lactantius^ a. folio 
bearing the date Oct., 1465 5 and Augustinus de Civitate Dei, In 
none of these do the names of the printers appear, and in tbe 
Lactantius alone is Subiaco named. On their removing to Rome and 
being received into the house of Petrus and Franciscus de Maximis, 
they issued in 1467 an edition of Cicero's Epistolcs ad Familiares, the 
first book printed in Roman type. Of this, the library contains a 
copy, as well as impressions of thirty-one out of the thirty-two 
works which these indefatigable printers produced during the next 
five years. Whilst printing was thus proceeding with such rapidity at 



The Althorp Library. 95 

Rome, a corresponding activity was manifesting itself in Milan^ 
Venice, Florence, Naples, and other towns of Italy. Of the many 
and rare typographical productions of these places, copies of which 
are in the Althorp Collection, the following must be named :~- 

The first edition of the first book printed in Greek, being the 
Lascaris grammar of 1476, and the earliest impression of the first 
Greek classic, JEsopus Vita et FahulcB of 1480, both printed at Milan. 

The first Florentine dated book, printed in 1471 by the Cennini, 
Servii Commentarii in Firgilium, and the celebrated Florence Homer 
of 1488. 

The first edition of Dante from the press of Numeister at 
Foligno, 1472, and copies of the Jesi and Mantua editions of the 
poet executed the same year. 

The earliest impressions of Petrarch, Venice, 1470, and qi 
Ariosto, Ferrara, 1516, and the first productions of the presses of 
Bologna, Mantua, and Padua. 

The five celebrated classical works printed in Greek capitals by 
Alopa, of Florence, two of which, including the first of the series, 
Anthologia Graca, 1494, being on vellum. 

The degree of excellence which the typographical art attained at 
Venice calls for a somewhat more detailed account of the very rare 
specimens of the works which emanated from that city, of which 
copies are to be found in the library. First we have the earliest book 
printed at Venice, Cicero ad Familiares, the production of Johannes 
Spira, 1469, and on vellum. Copies of the only other two works 
which are known to have issued from his press, including his magni- 
ficent edition of Pliny, are also here. Of the beautifully executed 
productions of Nicholas Jenson, there are numerous examples, of 
which the Eusehius of 1470 is supposed to be his first work. 
Christopher Valdarfer, whose earliest book Cicero de Oratore, printed 
in the same year, is also at Althorp, will long be remembered in 
England as the printer of the first and celebrated edition of B^occaccio's 
Decameron of 147 1, the only perfect copy of which was knocked 
down to the Duke of Marlborough for ^^^,260 at the sale of the 
Duke of Roxburgh's collection in i8ia, after a contest between Lord 
Spencer and himself. Some years after. Lord Spencer obtained it 
for >C7J0. Only three other copies of it are known to exist, 
viz., those at Paris and Milan, and the one sold for £s^S ^^ ^^® 
Sunderland sale, which has fallen into English hands. The extreme 
rarity of the volume is to be attributed to its having formed part of 
an edition committed to the fiames by the Floreutines at the 
preaching of Savonarola. 



g6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The name of Aldas will always be associated with the perfection 
of printing ; and of the numerous editions which issued from the 
press which he established at Venice about 1494, the present 
collection possesses an extraordinary series. A memorandum, in the 
handwriting of the founder of the library, gives the total number of 
'^ Aldines" as six hundred and ten^ and out of that number no less 
than fifteen octavos, printed by the elder Aldus, are on vellum. Of 
his earliest and rarest productions the following must be mentioned : 
MusaeuSf in Greek and Latin, supposed to be his first work. A 
complete copy of his folio edition of Aristotle, 1495-98. Poltpkili 
Hypnerotomachia^ of 1499, the wood engravings of which are 
supposed to have been designed by Giovanni Bellini. The Virgil 
of 1 50 1, the first book printed in Italic or Aldine type. The 
Petrarch of the same date, with MS. notes by Cardinal fiembo, who 
edited it from an autograph manuscript of Petrarch. A complete 
copy of the Dante of 1502, being the first book in which Aldus 
employed the device of the anchor and dolphin, and also of the Ovid 
and of the Greek Anthology of the year 1505, All these five last- 
named works are on vellum. 

To Italy belongs the honour of havrag produced the three earliest 
books with copperplate illustrations, fine impressions of which are in 
the library. The first is the Monte Santo di Die, printed at Florence 
by Niccolo di Lorenzo 1477, containing three engravings, which are 
supposed to have been designed by Sandro Botticelli, and executed by 
Baccio Baldini. The second is an edition in Latin of Ptolemy's 
maps, commenced by Sweynheym, the partner of Pannartz^ and com- 
pleted by Buckinck at Rome, 1478. The third is an edition of Dante 
with Laudino*s Commentary, printed by Lorenzo della Magna at 
Florence 1481. This copy contains twenty copperplates, one of 
which is in duplicate, are also attributed to Botticelli ; and an 
engraving of earlier date. 

Typography was introduced into France as early as 1470, through 
the exertions of two of the learned professors of the Theological 
College of the Sorbonne at Paris, Fichet and De la Pierre, who 
induced three working printers from Germany — Gering, Crantz, and 
Friburger — to set up a press within its walls. Copies of several of 
their earliest works including the first Bible printed at Paris, are in 
the collection. Many specimens of the illustrious family of Stephens 
might also be enumerated. Simultaneously with Paris, Switzerland 
produced its first printed book at Munster, in Aargan, entided 
Mamotr actus, a copy of which, as well as of the earliest work issued 
by the Geneva press, 1478, Le Livre des Sains Anges, is to be found 
in the library. 




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39 


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-He W. ^ LAW, :^ 
flucfioneeF ond Oolueir, 

ACCOUNTANT, 

General Business Agent, etc. 
TPE JFEflPE^fiCE P^LIi, NEWL^JSID, 

NORTHAMPTON. 

Appraisements for Probate carefully made. 



ECONOMY & DESPATCH 



Telephone No. 39. ESTABLISHED 18 19. 

HUGHES & CO., 
COAL MERCHANTS, 

1 Mercers' Eow, and Weston Street, 
Northampton. 

HUGHES & CO. 

SELL COALS 

THE HOTTEST, 

THE CLEANEST, 

THE CHEAPEST. 

FOR PRICES SEE LOCAL PAPERS. 



Vol. V. Part XXXVII. 



JA^yARY-MA^ QH, 1893. 



Is. 6d- 



This is agrehifauli inavhrtmologer, •' 

To turn parasile^^ -^4 f^v^lf^i^lito-ry 

Should be injear of hone, neither should he 

Write anything more than truths for friendship. 

Or else for hale ; but keep hi'mself equal 

And constant in all his discourses. r 

Lingua. 

History maieth a young man to be old, without either wrinkles or grey 
hairSy privileging him with the experience uj age, without either the 
infirmities or inconveniences thereof „ 

Northamptonshire 

Notes & Queries, 

A QUARTERLY JOU.RNAL 

DBVOTED TO 

The AntiquitteSy Family History^ T^-aditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Ctistoms, &c,,of the County. 



'■^fc^-«>^-«>ff -%NC-5>«ff -«>.«:-«>^^^^;«-«>^-«>^-«:^ -%> C -^ 




Contents. 


737 


Idber Costninariua Villa Horhamp- 747 


Sir John Finch, Knight 




tonls, circa 1460 


748 


An Early Spencer Seal 


738 


The Garfield Family 


749 


Bothersthorpe 


739 


Wellingborongli Bridge 


750 


Northamptonshire Savings' Bank 


740 


The Claypole Family 


751 


Extracts from Enightley Wills at 


741 


Waehingtoniaaa 




Somerset Hoase 


743 


Monnmeiital InscriptioiiB from other 


758 


Deeds relating to Cogenhoe, Deans- 




Counties 




hanger, and Ecton 


743 


Francis or Fraunceys Family 


753 


The Fsendo Hedda Monament at 


744 


The Living of All Saints, North- 




Feterborongh Cathedral 




ampton 


754 


A Corby Custom 


745 


Will of John Bartholomew, of Upton 


755 


A Falm Sunday Custom 


746 


Clifford and Qibbes 







Nortl^amiiton : 

TAYLOR & SON, The DRYDEN PRESS, 9 COLLEGE STREET. 

Lowdon: ELLIOT STOCK, PATERNOSTER ROW. 

Manohbsteb akd Bibkinohah : CORNISH BROTHERS. 

{Entered at Stationers' Han.] 



HUNT & Co., 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 

-HI Tea • Dealers^ jN- 

3 Parade, 64 Gold-st., 75 Wellingborough-rd., 
Northampton. 



TEA PRICE LIST. 

s. d. 

A Special Ceylon blend per lb. 1 2 

Equal in quality to much Tea sold at double the money. 

Excellent India, Ceylon and China blend ... ... 16 

Very fine blend ... ... ... 1 10 

A most delicious blend of Darjeeling and China Teas 2 

Very choice blend of Indian and China growths .. ... 2 6 

The Very choicest Teas imported .. ... 3 

BROKEN LEAF TEAS. 

Thesfi Teas are sifted from the very choicest growths ; they are of enormous strength 
and flavour, and very economical, as they go nearly twioe as far as whole-leaf Tea. 

per lb. s. d. 

Strong Blended Siftings 1/-, 1/2, & 1 4 

Our famous Money Saving Siftings, with grand quality 

and great strength ... ... ... ... 1 6 

PURE CHINA TEA (Suitable for Invalids). 

PURE CEYLON & PURE INDIAN TEAS. Unblended. 

Are always in stock in great variety at prices from 1/- to 3/- per lb., and 
are supplied when asked for; but when not Specified our Blended Teas aie 

always sent. 

SIX POUND PARCELS of any Tea sent CARBIAGE PAID to 
any part of the Kingdom. 



HUNT & CO., 

3, PARADE, NORTHAMPTON; AND LONDON, 




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129 

Ordinacio pacK de EsfSir Ordina/ce made concerning 

Tempore Johis W^jjg ^ A £0|s^ners * in the time op 
Majoris &c John Wellis Mayor 



Capitulum Ix 
jid congregationem hahitam 
in Ecclefia sanct'i Egidij die do- 
minica pro:dma pofl feftum sancti 
Egidij Anno regni regis Henrici 
quart! poft conquejium tertio- 
decimo ex AfTenfu Maioris xxiiij* 
burgenfinm & totius commz^nitatis 
ibidem congregatis concordatum 
eft & pro firmo ftabilituTw quod 
quilf^ft implacitatus in Curia 
villas Norhamptoni^ per aliquod 
placitum & iDueD(;rit huiufmodo 
plegio^ legitima? seo^ndz^m legem 
& confuetudinem regni Anglic? 
necnon secundum confuetudinem 
dic/ae yillae Atempore quo mem- 
oria homint^m non exiftit vfitatam 
poterit ter per quemcumqtte offi- 
ciarmm videlicet Serieauntez balli- 
voTum sen que^/zcumque Alium 
legmm domini Regis effonfari & 
huiufinodi effonium licite con- 
gaudere Abfqua impedimento 
Aliquali 

Db custod terra et hered 

temfe johis gregory 
Maioris anno primo Henrici 

QUINTI 

Capitulum Ixi 
j4d huftengt^m tentt^m ibideiA 
die lunae proxima poft feftum 
sancti Petri Advincula Anno regni 
regis Henrici quinti poft conques- 
turn, secttndo Johannes Gregory 
Maior villas Nor Hampton fa? ex 
AfTenfu xxiiij** comburgjitwn. eiuf- 



Chapter Ix 
At a meeting held in the 
church of S Giles on the Sunday 
next after the feast of S Giles in 
the 13 th year of the reign of 
Henry the Fourth after the Con- 
quest by the assent of the mayor 
the 24 burgesses and the whole 
community there assembled it 
was agreed and ftrmly established 
that anyone impleaded in the court 
of the town of Northampton by 
any plea shall find lawful sureties 
according to the laws and custom 
of the realm of England as well 
as according to the usual custom 
of the said town from the time 
beyond which the memory of 
man does not reach and shall be 
able three times by some one of the 
officials viz seijeants of the bailiffs 
or some other of the lieges of 
our lord the King to be essoined 
and to enjoy essoin of this kind 
without hindrance of any sort 

Concerning the custody of 

land and an heir in the time 

OF John Gregory Mayor in 

THE FIRST year OF HeNRY V 

Chapter Ixi 
At a court of hustings held 
there on the Monday next after 
the feast of S Peter ad vincula in 
the second year of the reign of 
King Henry the fifth after the 
Conquest John Gregory Mayor 
of the town of Northampton by 



the assent of 24 burgesses of the 
* Or persons who excused themselves from attending on summons. 

17 



130 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



dem villae de coniilio suo iura- 
torum Aifignauit Thomae Hunt 
dehauerfham & Agneti uxori 
suae cufiodiam Jobannis fiuck- 
yngham fil/it & heredis Johannis 
Backyngham filij quondam Mag- 
istn Henrici Bucky ogham de 
Norhampton in cuflodia died 
maioris ut de iure villatae ad tunc 
exiflentis ad eum heae & honefte 
gubemandam quofp/que ad suam 
plenariam p«ruenerit etatam Ac 
omnia eidem Johanni Buckyng- 
ham necefiaria medio tempore 
pTvut flatu fuo conuenerit dili- 
genter prouidendzfnt necnon de 
reoeptionibus exiticum temxum 
& tenementorum fuorum vna cum 
expeffjis eidem Maiori aut fuc- 
ceflbribttS eius tocieos quociens 
cum ad hoc fuerint requiiiti fide- 
lem compotum ad reddendun^ £t 
fuper hoc ijdem Thomas Hunt 
& Ague; inuenerunt plegioj & 
manucaptores ad premifla omnia 
& (ingula ex parte sua pr^cta 
fidelity obferuanda Videlicet Jo- 
hannem Curteys Cappellanum & 
Thomam Blaby de Norhampton 
Mercer vtrumque eorum sub pena 
xl librarum 



same town sworn of his council 
assigned to Thomas Hunt of 
Haversham and Agnes his wife 
the custody of John Buckyngham 
son and heir of John Buckyng- 
ham late son of Master Henry 
Buckyngham of Northampton in 
the custody of the said mayor or 
by right of existing for 

this purpose to govern him well 
and honestly until he shall arrive 
at his full age And all things 
necessary to the same John 
Buckyngham in the meanwhile 
as shall be suitable to his position 
diligently to provide moreover as 
concerning the receipts of his 
lands and tenements together 
with his expenses to the same 
Mayor or his successors as often 
as they shall be required to do so 
to render a faithful account And 
for this the same Thomas Hunt 
and Agnes have found sureties 
and bondsmen faithfully to ob- 
serve the premises all and singular 
mentioned on their part viz John 
Curteys Chaplain and Thomas 
Blaby of Northampton Mercer 
each of them under a penalty of 
40 pounds 



QuoMODO Baillifs Norhamp- How THE Bailiffs of North- 



TONIA PACBRXNT LBZ METMPRIS 

Capitulum Ixii 
A caufe que lez baillifs de la 
ville de Norhampton deuant ces 
heuresefteantes out trop greuoufe- 
ment pris dez homntez due mefme 
la ville enfraunchifez per colour 
de lour office exceffiuez summez 
de moneye pur maymprife fuete 
& Aife a eux faire a graunde 



AMFTON SHALL TAKB BAIL 

Capitulum Ixii 
By reason that the bailiflfs of 
the town of Northampton before 
the hours fixed have too greviously 
taken from the free men of the 
same town under pretence of their 
office excessive sums of money 
for bail suit and to give them ease 
to the great damage and annoy- 



Liber Custumarum. 



'31 



damage et Arrerifment dez hom- 
moT, fuyfditz Pur ceo A la femble 
temiz en efgife de feyot Gyle du 
dite ville deuant John Spryng 
adonqt«er illeqi^es Ma ire le jordy 
profchein Apr^s le claufe de Pafk- 
lan du regne no/re ieignur le Roye 
Henr}' quint puis le queA tiers per 
alTent de xxiiij comburgeniez & 
tout le Commt^Ttialte du mefme 
la ville illeoques Affemblez or- 
deigney eft & pur toutez iourez 
eflabliz que les baillifs du dic/e 
ville quore funt & qt^i en temps 
Auenir serrount ne prenderent 
defore enanant dafcum homme 
enfraunchife de la ville emfdity 
Arreilu per bref notre Seignur le 
Roye mainprpnable pur mainpris 
fute & aife a luy fayre outre xx^ 
£t le clerk du les ditz baillifz ne 
prendera outre yj^ purfon fee Et 
lez quatre serieauntz de lez baillefs 
ne prendrant pur los feez outre 
iiij** ceft aflauour chefcun j* Et si 
afcune les baillefz fuifdity reteignet 
en prifoun afcum homme de la 
condicion fuifdic/e apres ceo que 
clez homme eit profri A eux deux 
mainpreuoMrs fuffigantz pur eux 
garder iauz damage encontre le 
Roye & la partye de la deliuerance 
hors de prifon Ou sils preignant 
pur mainprife fuete & aife fair 
outre le Somme de xx*^ fuifditz que 
adonques hien lirra adit homme 
areftu de recouerer des ditz Baillifs 
la value de la moneye a la double 
ifii per eux reffu encontr ceft 
ordinance & ceo pur la furvewe 
del Maire qi serra pur le temps & 
de fon counfaill et ialemeyns fez 

* John Spring was mayor of 



ance of the men aforesaid There- 
fore at the assembly held in the 
church of Saint Giles of the said 
town before John Spryng * then 
and there mayor the day next after 
the feast of Easter in the reign of 
our lord the king Henry fifth 
since the Conquest by the 

assent of the 24 coburgesses and 
all the conmionalty of the same 
town at which it is ordered and 
forever established that thebailifts 
of the said town who are and 
who in times to come shall not 
take hereafter of any 

free man of the town beforesaid 
arrested by writ of our lord the 
king for bail suit and to give him 
ease above 20 pence 'And the 
clerk of the said bailiiF shall not 
take above 6 pence for his fee 
And the four sergeants of the 
bailiffs shall not take for their 
fees above 4 pence that 
of each i penny And if any of 
the bailiffs aforesaid keep in prison 
any man of the condition afore- 
said after that that man has oftered 
to them two bails sufficient to 
guard them saving damage against 
the king and the part of his 
deliverance out of prison Or if 
they take for bail suit & to give 
ease over the sum of 20 pence ' 
aforesaid that then well read to 
the man arrested to recover of 
the said bailiffs the value of the 
money to double that by them 
received contrary to this ordinance 
and therefore for the use of the 
mayor who shall be for the time 
and of his counsel and moreover 



the town in 1426 and 1426. 



17^ 



132 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 



damagez a eilre taxes per mefme 
la mayre & foua couniaill pur 
IbuD emprifouement 

Ordinaco fact p arte Allu- 

TARIOR TEMPB JoHIS LoNDHM 

Majoris anno rr Henrici 
auarti post conqm tbrtio 
Capitulum Ixiij 
Die lunae proximo pod UJIuxxl 
sancti Dionifij Anno xegni regis 
Hennd quarti pofi conqueftuni 
tertio Ad commodum vilbe p^ Jo- 
hannem Londham Maiorem villse 
NoThamptonm ex ailenfa xxiiij<>' 
de confilio suo 'lurztorum ac per 
afTenfum tocius artis de cornyfers 
Crafte in eadem villa ordinatitm 
eft quod quilt^et homo de Arte 
pri6dic/a impofteram incipiens 
ad tenendum Shopam de eadem 
arte solnat finem de vj* viij*^ ad 
eius inceptionem tarn de tempore 
elapso qtMzm de tempore futuro 
excepts illio qui antea feoerunt 
finem secundem conseuttuiinem 
eiufdem artis in dic/a villa Nor- 
hamptonim vfitatam £t quod bene 
licebit Hugoni Brixworth Will- 
ielmo Stokton Willie/mo Pirye 
cornyiers & Hugoni Hikedonn 
Magi^fris nunc pro Anno futuro 
per dictum Maiorem electis de 
eadem arte ac alijs magistris qui 
pro tempoVe fuerint impoOerum 
eligendw dictos vj' viij** de quoli^et 
de ead<?m arte sic shopam incipi- 
enttf leuartf & xl* inde solvere 



make damage to other taxes for 
the same mayor and his counsel 
for his imprisonment 

Ordinance made for the 
CRAFT OF Shoemakers in the 
TIME OF John Londham Mayor 

IN THE THIRD YEAR OF THE 

REIGN OF Henry the Fourth 

AFTER THE CoNQUBST 

Chapter Ixiii 
On the Monday next after the 
feast of S Denys in the third 
year of the reign of Henry the 
Fourth after the Conquest For the 
advantage of the town by John 
Londham Mayor of the town of 
Northampton by the assent of 24 
of his council sworn and with the 
assent of the whole craft of the 
"cornysers crafte" in the same 
to which it was ordained that 
every man of the craft aforesaid 
hereafter commencing to hold a 
shop for the same craft shall pay 
a fine of & 8* at its commence- 
ment as well for time past as for 
time to come excepting those 
who have heretofore made a fine 
according to the usual custom of 
the said craft in the said town of 
Northampton And that it shall 
be allowed to Hugh Brixworth 
William Stokton William Pirye 
cornysers and to Hugh Hikedonn 
now chosen masters for the 
coming year by the said Mayor 
concerning the said craft and to 
other masters who for the time 
shall be hereafter chosen to levy 
the said 6" 8** from every man so 
commencing a shop for the same 
craft and to pay 40* of it to the 



Liber Custumarum. 



133 



maiori qui pro tempore fuerit 
ad opus villas & alios x\^ inde 
penes eofdem magtstros ad opus 
dicta^ Artis retinere & difponer^ 
prout eis melius videbititr expedire 
Videlicet in tortis et alijs lumin- 
axiis circa eucarifliam & sepul- 
turam inortuorww ad honorem 
villse £t vlterius ordinatum eft 
per dic/os maiorem & xxiiij^ quod 
ben« liceat die /is magu/ris ad 
finem dicfi Anni fui ex affenfu 
tocius dictx Artis pro seipios alios 
magt5/ros de eadem arte eligere 
& iic de anno in annum ipsos 
magM/ros iic electos maiori qui 
pro tempore fuerit ad faciendt^m 
iuramentum eis adiungendum pre- 
fentare & diet] magisiri super 
sacramenCum iurati ac alij magu/ri 
qui pro tempore fuerunt super- 
videant omnes defectus dic/ae artis 
& presentent Maiori qui pro tem- 
pore fuerint omues tranfgreffores 
eiufdem artis vna cum defectubus 
eorundem Jta quod pro maiorem 
& cofilit^m fum secundum quanti- 
tatem eorttm delicti debite poterunt 
puniri & caftigari £t ii aliquis de 
arte prA?dfc/a in prasdicia villa 
Norhamptonis0 commorans ad 
fummonitionem dictorum mag»- 
tTOTum vel alicuiui eorundem aut 
alius eort^m deputati ad certa 
tempus dies & loca fibi affignanda 
infra libertatem eiufdem ville 
non venerit tunc bene leceat 
diet is magisitis de illo (ic sum- 
monito & non venienti totiens 



Mayor for the time being for the 
work of the town and to retain 
the other 40** of it with the 
masters themselves and to dispose 
of it as shall seem to be most ex- 
pedient for them viz in torches and 
other lights about the £ucharist 
and bunal of the dead to the 
honour of the town And further- 
it was ordained by the said Mayor 
and 24 that it be allowed to the 
said masters at the end of their 
said year by the assent of the 
whole of the said craft to choose 
by themselves other masters of 
the said craft and so from year to 
year to present these masters so 
chosen to the Mayor for the time 
being to take the oath appointed 
for them And the said masters 
being sworn upon the Sacrament 
and the other masters who have 
been for the time shall supervise 
all s